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Sample records for preoperative ca 15-3

  1. Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of CA27.29 and CA15.3 in primary breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Gion, M; Mione, R; Leon, A E; Dittadi, R

    1999-05-01

    A new, fully automated method that measures the breast cancer-associated glycoprotein CA27.29 has become commercially available. The aim of the present study was to compare this CA27.29 assay with the assay that measures CA15.3 in primary breast cancer. The study was performed retrospectively on preoperative serum samples collected from 275 patients with untreated primary breast cancer (154 node positive and 121 node negative). Eighty-three healthy control subjects were also evaluated. CA27.29 was measured using the fully automated Chiron Diagnostics immunochemiluminescent system (ACS:180 BR). CA15.3 was measured with a manual immunoradiometric method (Centocor CA15.3 RIA). In healthy subjects, CA15.3 was significantly higher than CA27.29 (P <0. 0001). On the other hand, in breast cancer patients CA27.29 was higher than CA15.3 (P = 0.013). The mean value found in the control group plus 2 SD was chosen as the positive/negative cutoff point. The overall positivity rates were 34.9% for CA27.29 and 22.5% for CA15.3. The area under the ROC curve was greater (P <0.001) for CA27. 29 (0.72) than for CA15.3 (0.61). Both markers showed a statistically significant, direct relationship, with pathological stage being higher in node-positive than in node-negative cases and in larger than in smaller tumors. Neither CA27.29 nor CA15.3 showed significant associations with age, menopausal status, or tumor receptor status. CA27.29 discriminates primary breast cancer from healthy subjects better than CA15.3, especially in patients with limited disease. Prospective studies are necessary to confirm this conclusion. Copyright 1999 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.

  2. Prognostic value of preoperative serum CA 242 in Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cases.

    PubMed

    Feng, Ji-Feng; Huang, Ying; Chen, Qi-Xun

    2013-01-01

    Carbohydrate antigen (CA) 242 is inversely related to prognosis in many cancers. However, few data regarding CA 242 in esophageal cancer (EC) are available. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of CA 242 and propose an optimum cut-off point in predicting survival difference in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A retrospective analysis was conducted of 192 cases. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for survival prediction was plotted to verify the optimum cuf- off point. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate prognostic parameters for survival. The positive rate for CA 242 was 7.3% (14/192). The ROC curve for survival prediction gave an optimum cut-off of 2.15 (U/ml). Patients with CA 242 ≤ 2.15 U/ml had significantly better 5-year survival than patients with CA 242 >2.15 U/ml (45.4% versus 22.6%; P=0.003). Multivariate analysis showed that differentiation (P=0.033), CA 242 (P=0.017), T grade (P=0.004) and N staging (P<0.001) were independent prognostic factors. Preoperative CA 242 is a predictive factor for long-term survival in ESCC, especially in nodal-negative patients. We conclude that 2.15 U/ml may be the optimum cuf-off point for CA 242 in predicting survival in ESCC.

  3. Evaluation of serum CA27.29, CA15-3 and CEA in patients with breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Hou, M F; Chen, Y L; Tseng, T F; Lin, C M; Chen, M S; Huang, C J; Huang, Y S; Hsieh, J S; Huang, T J; Jong, S B; Huang, Y F

    1999-09-01

    The Truquant BR radioimmunoassay (RIA) using monoclonal antibody BR 27.29 to recognize a peptide sequence on the MUC-1 gene product for quantification of the CA 27.29 antigen in serum was used in this report to evaluate in 145 patients with breast cancer and compared the other conventional serum markers such as CA15-3 and CEA. The upper limit of normal (25 u/ml) was determined from CA27.29 values 12.4 +/- 4.1 u/ml (mean +/- 3 S.D.) for 112 female subjects apparently free of disease. The CA15-3 levels above 25 u/ml and CEA levels above 5 ng/ml were considered positive values. Thirty-seven cases of 145 patients studied had elevated CA 27.29 levels (sensitivity: 25.5%), 35 of 145 had positive CA15-3 levels (sensitivity 24.1%) and 27 of 145 patients had positive CEA levels (sensitivity: 18.6%) (p < 0.05). One hundred and ten cases of the breast cancer patients (75.8%) did not have metastatic disease. In this group CA 27.29 sensitivity was 6.4%, while CA15-3 sensitivity was 5.5% and CEA sensitivity was 4.5% (p > 0.05). Mean values were 10.2 +/- 9.2 u/ml for CA 27.29, 14.1 +/- 5.6 u/ml for CA 15-3 and 1.7 +/- 1.5 ng/ml for CEA. Thirty-five patients (24.2%) had metastatic disease. In this group CA 27.29 sensitivity was 85.7%, CA15-3 sensitivity was 82.8% and CEA sensitivity was 62.8% (p < 0.05). Mean values for CA27.29 was 152.6 +/- 131.6 u/ml, CA15-3 was 123.1 +/- 107.6 u/ml and 21.8 +/- 36.9 ng/ml of CEA. With regard to the correlation of three tumor markers with clinical stages, patients had significantly higher levels of CA27.29 than CEA, but they were similar to CA 15-3 in metastatic breast cancer. These results suggest CA27.29 to be more sensitive and specific than CEA, but that it is similar to CA15-3 for metastatic breast cancer detection and monitoring.

  4. Clinical value of preoperative serum CA 19-9 and CA 125 levels in predicting the resectability of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Hu, Hai-Jie; Mao, Hui; Tan, Yong-Qiong; Shrestha, Anuj; Ma, Wen-Jie; Yang, Qin; Wang, Jun-Ke; Cheng, Nan-Sheng; Li, Fu-Yu

    2016-01-01

    To examine the predictive value of tumor markers for evaluating tumor resectability in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma and to explore the prognostic effect of various preoperative factors on resectability in patients with potentially resectable tumors. Patients with potentially resectable tumors judged by radiologic examination were included. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was conducted to evaluate serum carbohydrate antigenic determinant 19-9 (CA 19-9), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA 125) and carcino embryonie antigen levels on tumor resectability. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were also conducted to analysis the correlation of preoperative factors with resectability. In patients with normal bilirubin levels, ROC curve analysis calculated the ideal CA 19-9 cut-off value of 203.96 U/ml in prediction of resectability, with a sensitivity of 83.7 %, specificity of 80 %, positive predictive value of 91.1 % and negative predictive value of 66.7 %. Meanwhile, the optimal cut-off value for CA 125 to predict resectability was 25.905 U/ml (sensitivity, 78.6 %; specificity, 67.5 %). In a multivariate logistic regression model, tumor size ≤3 cm (OR 4.149, 95 % CI 1.326-12.981, P = 0.015), preoperative CA 19-9 level ≤200 U/ml (OR 20.324, 95 % CI 6.509-63.467, P < 0.001), preoperative CA 125 levels ≤26 U/ml (OR 8.209, 95 % CI 2.624-25.677, P < 0.001) were independent determinants of resectability in patients diagnosed as hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Preoperative CA 19-9 and CA 125 levels predict resectability in patients with radiological resectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Increased preoperative CA 19-9 levels and CA 125 levels are associated with poor resectability rate.

  5. [Clinical and prognostic significance of preoperative serum CA153, CEA and TPS levels in patients with primary breast cancer].

    PubMed

    Chen, Yan; Zheng, Yu-hong; Lin, Ying-ying; Hu, Min-hua; Chen, Yan-song

    2011-11-01

    To investigate the clinical and prognostic values of preoperative serum CA153, CEA and TPS levels in patients with primary breast cancer. A total of 386 hospitalized patients with stage I ∼ IV breast cancer from Nov 1998 to Feb 2009 were followed up, and their clinicopathological data were analyzed retrospectively to determine the factors affecting their prognosis. First, preoperative serum CA153 expression level was significantly associated with the age of onset and tumor size (P < 0.05), the expression of serum CEA was correlated with tumor size (P < 0.05), and the expression of serum tissue polypeptide specific antigen (TPS) was correlated with tumor size and lymph node metastases (P < 0.05). Second, the overall survival was significantly shorter among patients with elevated serum CA153, CEA or TPS, respectively (P < 0.05 for overall). Finally, multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that estrogen receptor status (ER) and elevated preoperative values of CA 153 are independent prognostic factors for overall survival (P < 0.05), and CA 153 is a risk factor but estrogen receptor status is a protective factor for overall survival. Higher preoperative expression of serum CA153, CEA or TPS is closely correlated with clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival. The prognosis is poorer in primary breast cancer patients with higher CA15-3 expression level, and pre-treatment CA153 expression level can be used as an independent prognostic parameter in patients with primarily breast cancer.

  6. Concordance analysis of paired cancer antigen (CA) 15-3 and 27.29 testing.

    PubMed

    Lin, David C; Genzen, Jonathan R

    2018-01-01

    Cancer antigens (CA) 15-3 and 27.29 are used in the clinical management of many breast cancer patients. Given that immunoassays for CA 15-3 and CA 27.29 target epitopes on the same glycoprotein-Mucin 1 (MUC1)-the present analysis was conducted to evaluate the potential concordance of tumor marker results when both tests were ordered by providers on the same specimens. A retrospective limited dataset of paired CA 15-3 (Roche Diagnostics) and CA 27.29 (Siemens Diagnostics) test results was obtained from a national clinical reference laboratory. Concordance according to reference interval (RI) status and percent (%) change between consecutive test results was analyzed. 37,652 paired results from 12,470 distinct patients were obtained. The correlation between CA 15-3 and CA 27.29 results was high (correlation coefficient: Pearson, 0.967), although across the dataset a significant difference between CA 15-3 and CA 27.29 results was observed (P < 0.05). RI concordance between CA 15-3 and CA 27.29 results was observed in 93.7% of pairs (35,280 of 37,652). Correlation was also observed in the % change of CA 15-3 and CA 27.29 results between consecutive specimens for individual patients. Using doubling or halving thresholds (i.e., 100% increase or 50% decrease), concordance in % change was observed between CA 15-3 and CA 27.29 in approximately 90% of cases. Individual patient results trended similarly across both markers over time. While generally concordant, CA 15-3 and CA 27.29 results should not be used interchangeably. The present report provides no evidence for added value in performing both tests routinely for individual patients.

  7. The diagnostic value of serum tumor markers CEA, CA19-9, CA125, CA15-3, and TPS in metastatic breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Wang, Weigang; Xu, Xiaoqin; Tian, Baoguo; Wang, Yan; Du, Lili; Sun, Ting; Shi, Yanchun; Zhao, Xianwen; Jing, Jiexian

    2017-07-01

    This study aims to understand the diagnostic value of serum tumor markers carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), cancer antigen 125 (CA125), cancer antigen 15-3 (CA15-3), and tissue polypeptide-specific antigen (TPS) in metastatic breast cancer (MBC). A total of 164 metastatic breast cancer patients in Shanxi Cancer Hospital were recruited between February 2016 and July 2016. 200 breast cancer patients without metastasis in the same period were randomly selected as the control group. The general characteristics, immunohistochemical, and pathological results were investigated between the two groups, and tumor markers were determined. There were statistical differences in the concentration and the positive rates of CEA, CA19-9, CA125, CA15-3, and TPS between the MBC and control group (P<0.05). The highest sensitivity was in CEA and the highest specificity was in CA125 for the diagnosis of MBC when using a single tumor marker at 56.7% and 97.0%, respectively. In addition, two tumor markers were used for the diagnosis of MBC and the CEA and TPS combination had the highest diagnostic sensitivity with 78.7%, while the CA15-3 and CA125 combination had the highest specificity of 91.5%. Analysis of tumor markers of 164 MBC found that there were statistical differences in the positive rates of CEA and CA15-3 between bone metastases and other metastases (χ 2 =6.00, P=0.014; χ 2 =7.32, P=0.007, respectively). The sensitivity and specificity values of the CEA and CA15-3 combination in the diagnosis of bone metastases were 77.1% and 45.8%, respectively. The positive rate of TPS in the lung metastases group was lower than in other metastases (χ 2 =8.06, P=0.005).There were significant differences in the positive rates of CA15-3 and TPS between liver metastases and other metastases (χ 2 =15.42, P<0.001; χ 2 =9.72, P=0.002, respectively). The sensitivity and specificity of the CA15-3 and TPS combination in the diagnosis of liver metastases were 92.3% and

  8. Evaluation of the importance of the serum levels of CA-125, CA15-3, CA-19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen and alpha fetoprotein for distinguishing benign and malignant adnexal masses and contribution of different test combinations to diagnostic accuracy.

    PubMed

    Bozkurt, M; Yumru, A E; Aral, I

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPPV) of the serum levels of CA-125, CA15-3, CA19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the differentiation of benign and malignant ovarian tumors histopathologically diagnosed in patients and to determine the effects of the different test combinations on diagnostic accuracy. One-hundred sixty-eight patients that had their preoperative CA-125, CA15-3, CA19-9, CEA, AFP levels assessed and that were subsequently surgically treated for adnexal masses, were included in the study. For each tumor markers in these patients with histopathologically-confirmed diagnosis, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV, and diagnostic accuracy, and odds ratio were calculated. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV of CA125 with cut-off 35 U/ml, were found to be 78.9%, 86.9%, 63.8%, and 93.3%, respectively. The diagnostic odds ratio of CA-125 with cut-off of 35 U/ml, was found to be 25. With cut-off65 U/ml, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV values were 65.7%, 95.3%, 80.6%, and 90.5%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of CEA were 16%, 93%, 37%, and 83%, respectively. For AFP, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were to be 2.6%, 98%, 33.3%, and 77.5%, respectively. For CA 15-3, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were found to be 26.3% 96.1%, 66.6%, and 81.6%, respectively. Likelihood ratio tests: positive (LR+) = 6.83 and negative (LR-) = 0.76, with an odds ratio: 8.9. The risk of malignancy for adnexal masses with higher CA15-3 increased by approximately nine times. For CA19-9, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV value were found to be 18.4%, 93%, 43.7%, and 79.6%, respectively. CA19-9 was not statistically significant in the differentiation of benign and malignant of adnexal masses. Even the combinations of CA125 + CEA + CA19-9 and CA125 + CEA + CA19-9 +AFP and CA125 + CA15-3

  9. Can preoperative and postoperative CA19-9 levels predict survival and early recurrence in patients with resectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma?

    PubMed

    Wang, Jun-Ke; Hu, Hai-Jie; Shrestha, Anuj; Ma, Wen-Jie; Yang, Qin; Liu, Fei; Cheng, Nan-Sheng; Li, Fu-Yu

    2017-07-11

    To investigate the predictive values of preoperative and postoperative serum CA19-9 levels on survival and other prognostic factors including early recurrence in patients with resectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma. In univariate analysis, increased preoperative and postoperative CA19-9 levels in the light of different cut-off points (37, 100, 150, 200, 400, 1000 U/ml) were significantly associated with poor survival outcomes, of which the cut-off point of 150 U/ml showed the strongest predictive value (both P < 0.001). Preoperative to postoperative increase in CA19-9 level was also correlated with poor survival outcome (P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, preoperative CA19-9 level > 150 U/ml was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (OR = 3.471, 95% CI 1.216-9.905; P = 0.020) and early recurrence (OR = 8.280, 95% CI 2.391-28.674; P = 0.001). Meanwhile, postoperative CA19-9 level > 150 U/ml was also correlated with early recurrence (OR = 4.006, 95% CI 1.107-14.459; P = 0.034). Ninety-eight patients who had undergone curative surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma between 1995 and 2014 in our institution were selected for the study. The correlations of preoperative and postoperative serum CA19-9 levels on the basis of different cut-off points with survival and various tumor factors were retrospectively analyzed with univariate and multivariate methods. In patients with resectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma, serum CA19-9 predict survival and early recurrence. Patients with increased preoperative and postoperative CA19-9 levels have poor survival outcomes and higher tendency of early recurrence.

  10. Association of CA 15-3 and CEA with clinicopathological parameters in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Geng, Biao; Liang, Man-Man; Ye, Xiao-Bing; Zhao, Wen-Ying

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the association of serum cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels with clinicopathological parameters in patients diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 284 patients diagnosed with MBC between January, 2007 and December, 2012 who fulfilled the specified criteria and the association between the levels of the two tumor marker and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. Of the 284 patients, elevated CA 15-3 and CEA levels at initial diagnosis of recurrence were identified in 163 (57.4%) and 97 (34.2%) patients, respectively. Elevated CA 15-3 and CEA levels were significantly associated with breast cancer molecular subtypes (P<0.001 and P=0.032, respectively). Cases with luminal subtypes exhibited a higher percentage of elevated CA 15-3 and CEA levels compared to non-luminal subtypes. Elevated CA 15-3 level was correlated with bone metastasis (P=0.017). However, elevation of CEA was observed regardless of the site of metastasis. Elevation of CA 15-3 was significantly more common in MBC with multiple metastatic sites compared to MBC with a single metastasis (P=0.001). However, the incidence of elevated CEA levels did not differ between patients with a single and those with multiple metastatic sites. In conclusion, elevated CA 15-3 and CEA levels at initial diagnosis of recurrence were found to be associated with breast cancer molecular subtypes, whereas an elevated CA 15-3 level was significantly correlated with bone metastasis and an elevated CEA level was observed regardless of metastatic site. The proportion of MBC cases with elevated CA 15-3 levels differed according to the number of metastatic sites.

  11. Independent prognostic impact of preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen and cancer antigen 15-3 levels for early breast cancer subtypes.

    PubMed

    Imamura, Michiko; Morimoto, Takashi; Nomura, Takashi; Michishita, Shintaro; Nishimukai, Arisa; Higuchi, Tomoko; Fujimoto, Yukie; Miyagawa, Yoshimasa; Kira, Ayako; Murase, Keiko; Araki, Kazuhiro; Takatsuka, Yuichi; Oh, Koshi; Masai, Yoshikazu; Akazawa, Kouhei; Miyoshi, Yasuo

    2018-02-12

    Although the prognosis for operable breast cancers is reportedly worse if serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cancer antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) levels are above normal, the usefulness of this prognosis is limited due to the low sensitivity and specificity; in addition, the optimal cutoff levels remain unknown. A total of 1076 patients who were operated for breast cancers (test set = 608, validation set = 468) without evidence of metastasis were recruited, and their baseline and postoperative serum CEA and CA15-3 levels were analyzed. The optimal cutoff values of CEA and CA15-3 for disease-free survival (DFS) were 3.2 ng/mL and 13.3 U/mL, respectively, based on receiver operating characteristic curve and area under the curve analyses. The DFS of patients with high CEA levels (CEA-high: n = 191, 5-year DFS 70.6%) was significantly worse (p < 0.0001) than that of CEA-low patients (n = 885, 5-year DFS 87.2%). There was a significant difference in DFS (p < 0.0001) between CA15-3-high and CA15-3-low patients (n = 314 and n = 762, respectively; 5-year DFS 71.8 vs. 89.3%). Significant associations between DFS and CA15-3 levels were observed irrespective of the subtypes. Multivariable analysis indicated that tumor size, lymph node metastasis, tumor grade, and CEA (p = 0.0474) and CA15-3 (p < 0.0001) levels were independent prognostic factors (hazard ratio [HR] 1.520, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.005-2.245 for CEA; HR 2.088, 95% CI 1.457-2.901 for CA15-3). These findings suggest that CEA and CA15-3 levels might be useful for predicting the prognosis of patients with operable early breast cancer irrespective of the subtype. Serum levels at baseline may reflect tumor characteristics for metastatic potential even when these levels are within the normal ranges.

  12. CA15.3 serum concentrations in older women with infiltrating ductal carcinomas of the breast.

    PubMed

    Ruibal, Álvaro; Aguiar, Pablo; Del Río, María Carmen; Padín-Iruegas, María Elena; Arias, José Ignacio; Herranz, Michel

    2014-10-31

    Breast cancer is currently becoming a disease of the elderly. We have studied the relation between CA 15.3 serum concentrations and clinical-pathological parameters in 69 women with IDC aged over 70 years (76.3±4.2; range: 71-88; median 76). A group of 205 women with the same tumor but aged <70 years (62.8±4.0; range: 55-70; median 63) was also considered for comparison. Tumor size, axillary lymph node involvement, distant metastasis and histological grade were taken account. Serum CA 15.3 was determined by luminescence assay. CA 15.3 serum concentrations ranged between 6 and 85 U/mL (median 22.9 U/mL), and were higher only in patients with greater (qualitative and quantitative; p: 0.041) tumor size. Our results show that in women with IDCs, and aged over 70 years, serum CA 15.3 serum concentrations are associated exclusively with a greater tumor size, being these findings different to those described in women with the same subtype of tumor considered as a whole or with lower age.

  13. Prognostic value of preoperative Ca125 and Tag72 serum levels and their correlation to disease relapse and survival in endometrial cancer.

    PubMed

    Myriokefalitaki, Eva; Vorgias, George; Vlahos, George; Rodolakis, Alexandros

    2015-09-01

    To evaluate preoperative serum levels of Ca125 and Tag72-4 tumour markers and investigate if abnormal levels correlate to mortality and disease-free survival. Retrospective observational study of a cohort of 282 women (mean age 62.3, SD 10.5 years) with primary endometrial cancer included all consecutive cases treated in a tertiary Gynaecological oncology Center. Excluded cases with other cancer or previous cancer treatment, major abdominal pathology or inflammation, endometriosis. Preoperative serum Tag72 and Ca125 levels were determined and evaluated in relation to disease-free survival (DFS) and disease-specific overall survival (DOS). Raised Ca125 correlates to worse overall disease-specific survival (66.1 vs 87.8 months, p = 0.021) and Tag72 correlates to shorter disease-free survival (69.2 vs 67.3 months, p = 0.021) and higher recurrence rate (13.5 vs 6 %, p = 0.021). When both Ca125 and Tag72 are abnormal DFS and DOS are worse. 93.3 % (72.3 months) vs 82.4 %, (61.3 months) p = 0.018 and 96.3 % (74.8 months) vs 88.2 %, (65.9 months) p = 0.021, respectively. This study enhances the value of preoperative tumour markers and their prognostic value. Ca125 and Tag72 appear to be good predictors of poor prognosis in patients with endometrial cancer.

  14. CA15.3 Serum Concentrations in Older Women with Infiltrating Ductal Carcinomas of the Breast

    PubMed Central

    Ruibal, Álvaro; Aguiar, Pablo; Del Río, María Carmen; Padín-Iruegas, María Elena; Arias, José Ignacio; Herranz, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Breast cancer is currently becoming a disease of the elderly. We have studied the relation between CA 15.3 serum concentrations and clinical-pathological parameters in 69 women with IDC aged over 70 years (76.3 ± 4.2; range: 71–88; median 76). A group of 205 women with the same tumor but aged <70 years (62.8 ± 4.0; range: 55–70; median 63) was also considered for comparison. Tumor size, axillary lymph node involvement, distant metastasis and histological grade were taken account. Serum CA 15.3 was determined by luminescence assay. CA 15.3 serum concentrations ranged between 6 and 85 U/mL (median 22.9 U/mL), and were higher only in patients with greater (qualitative and quantitative; p: 0.041) tumor size. Our results show that in women with IDCs, and aged over 70 years, serum CA 15.3 serum concentrations are associated exclusively with a greater tumor size, being these findings different to those described in women with the same subtype of tumor considered as a whole or with lower age. PMID:25365176

  15. Ultrasonographic markers and preoperative CA-125 to distinguish between borderline ovarian tumors and stage I ovarian cancer.

    PubMed

    Zacharakis, Dimitrios; Thomakos, Nikolaos; Biliatis, Ioannis; Rodolakis, Alexandros; Simou, Maria; Daskalakis, Georgios; Bamias, Aris; Antsaklis, Aris

    2013-03-01

    Preoperative evaluation of ovarian masses has become increasingly important for optimal planning of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the role of preoperative serum cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) levels in correlation with ultrasonographic features in order to distinguish between borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) and stage I epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). Retrospective study. Tertiary University Hospital. We reviewed all women with BOTs and stage I EOC from January 2000 to December 2010. Data from 165 women (66 BOTs and 99 stage I EOC) were analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression with stepwise selection of variables was used to determine which clinical variables, ultrasound features and CA-125 level were independently associated with invasiveness. Utility of ultrasonographic markers and CA-125 in the preoperative differential diagnosis between BOTs and stage I EOC. Women with CA-125 > 100 IU mL(-1) had almost three times greater likelihood of belonging in the EOC group [odds ratio (OR) 3.02; confidence interval (CI) 95%: 1.13-8.12]. Furthermore, the presence of large solid component (≥20% of the tumor comprised of solid components) was associated with 4.25 times greater odds of it to representing ovarian cancer rather than a BOT (OR 4.25; 95% CI: 2.05-8.82). In contrast, the presence of papillary projections was associated with a 73% lower likelihood of EOC (OR 0.27; 95% CI: 0.13-0.58). Preoperative CA-125 > 100 IU mL(-1) combined with the presence of a large solid component and the absence of papillary projections seems to improve the discriminative ability in favor of stage I EOC. © 2012 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica © 2012 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  16. Postoperative elevation of CA15-3 due to pernicious anemia in a patient without evidence of breast cancer recurrence.

    PubMed

    Adachi, Yayoi; Kikumori, Toyone; Miyajima, Noriyuki; Inaishi, Takahiro; Onishi, Eiji; Shibata, Masahiro; Nakanishi, Kenichi; Takeuchi, Dai; Hayashi, Hironori; Kodera, Yasuhiro

    2015-12-01

    Cancer antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) is considered as a marker for breast cancer recurrence. However, we encountered a case where the patient showed postoperative elevation of the CA15-3 level due to pernicious anemia without evidence of breast cancer recurrence. The patient was a 60-year-old postmenopausal woman. She had undergone partial mastectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for her T1 left breast cancer. SLNB had indicated no lymph node metastases. The tumor was positive for hormone receptors and negative for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Therefore, an aromatase inhibitor and external beam irradiation had been administered as adjuvant therapy. However, the CA15-3 level was found to be elevated at 6 months postoperatively. Although imaging studies did not indicate breast cancer recurrence, CA15-3 levels continued to increase. Based on the findings of blood tests and gastroendoscopy, a diagnosis of pernicious anemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency was finally confirmed at 2 years and 6 months postoperatively. The CA15-3 level returned to normal after vitamin B12 administration. The possibility of pernicious anemia should be considered in cases of postoperative elevated CA15-3 levels with no evidence of recurrence in patients with early breast cancer.

  17. Notice of Pre-Application Webinar (RFA-CA-15-021, RFA-CA-15-022, RFA-CA-15-023) | Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute will hold a public pre-application webinar on Friday, December 11 at 12:00 p.m. (EST) for the Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) RFA-CA-15-021 entitled “Proteome Characterization Centers for Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (U24), RFA-CA-15-022 entitled “Proteogenomic Translational Research Centers for Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (U01)”, and RFA-CA-15-023 entitled “Proteogenomic Data Analysis Centers for Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (U24)”.

  18. Close Association of Carbonic Anhydrase (CA2a and CA15a), Na+/H+ Exchanger (Nhe3b), and Ammonia Transporter Rhcg1 in Zebrafish Ionocytes Responsible for Na+ Uptake

    PubMed Central

    Ito, Yusuke; Kobayashi, Sayako; Nakamura, Nobuhiro; Miyagi, Hisako; Esaki, Masahiro; Hoshijima, Kazuyuki; Hirose, Shigehisa

    2013-01-01

    Freshwater (FW) fishes actively absorb salt from their environment to tolerate low salinities. We previously reported that vacuolar-type H+-ATPase/mitochondrion-rich cells (H-MRCs) on the skin epithelium of zebrafish larvae (Danio rerio) are primary sites for Na+ uptake. In this study, in an attempt to clarify the mechanism for the Na+ uptake, we performed a systematic analysis of gene expression patterns of zebrafish carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms and found that, of 12 CA isoforms, CA2a and CA15a are highly expressed in H-MRCs at larval stages. The ca2a and ca15a mRNA expression were salinity-dependent; they were upregulated in 0.03 mM Na+ water whereas ca15a but not ca2a was down-regulated in 70 mM Na+ water. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated cytoplasmic distribution of CA2a and apical membrane localization of CA15a. Furthermore, cell surface immunofluorescence staining revealed external surface localization of CA15a. Depletion of either CA2a or CA15a expression by Morpholino antisense oligonucleotides resulted in a significant decrease in Na+ accumulation in H-MRCs. An in situ proximity ligation assay demonstrated a very close association of CA2a, CA15a, Na+/H+ exchanger 3b (Nhe3b), and Rhcg1 ammonia transporter in H-MRC. Our findings suggest that CA2a, CA15a, and Rhcg1 play a key role in Na+uptake under FW conditions by forming a transport metabolon with Nhe3b. PMID:23565095

  19. Multicenter evaluation of the Bayer Immuno I CA 15-3 assay.

    PubMed

    Cheli, C D; Morris, D L; Kish, L; Goldblatt, J; Neaman, I; Allard, W J; Yeung, K K; Wu, A H; Moore, R; Chan, D W; Fritsche, H A; Schwartz, M K; Very, D L

    1998-04-01

    We conducted a multicenter evaluation of the analytical and clinical features of the automated Bayer Immuno 1 CA 15-3 assay and compared assay performance to two manual tests. Results of the 10-day imprecision study of the Bayer Immuno 1 assay pooled across four evaluation sites and three lots of reagent produced total CV < or = 4%. Lot-to-lot reproducibility for 26 different lots of reagents and calibrators manufactured over a 2-year period was demonstrated (CV, 1.1%). Results for the Bayer Immuno 1 assay correlated well with the Biomira TRUQUANT BR 27.29 and Centocor CA 15-3 RIAs (r > or = 0.94). The upper limit of the reference interval for the Bayer Immuno 1 assay was 35.9 kilounits/L (35.9 units/mL); values were similar for all methods. Longitudinal monitoring of healthy women yielded assay values with an average CV of 11% and 21% for the Bayer Immuno 1 and Biomira assays, respectively. The Bayer Immuno 1 assay demonstrated the analytical features, intermethod correlation, and long-term performance characteristics that are essential for longitudinal monitoring of breast cancer patients.

  20. A new competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (MRP83-CA15-3) for MUC1 measurement in breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Mohammadnejad, J; Rasaee, Mohammad J; Saqhafi, B; Rajabibazl, M; Rahbarizadeh, F; Omidfar, K; Paknejad, M

    2006-01-01

    A new competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was developed in this study. Monoclonal antibody (PR81) against the tandem repeat of the core protein was prepared, characterized, purified, and conjugated to HRP. This antibody exhibited no cross reactions with proteins such as bovine serum albumin, keyhole limpet homocyanin, human serum albumin, casein, human milk fat globin (HMFG), and peptone. The native cancerous MUC1 protein was purified from ascites fluid of a patient suffering from small cell lung carcinoma by immunoaffinity chromatography and used as a standard preparation in the assay buffer. The standard curve was constructed following a competitive procedure in the range of 0-200 U/mL. The level of MUC1 in normal and cancerous samples was compared following this procedure and using available CA15-3 EIA (Can Ag), as well as LIAISON CA15-3 commercial kits. The correlation coefficient between the procedure reported in this work (MRP83-CA15-3) and CA15-3 EIA (Can Ag) was 0.68 and was 0.95 with the LIAISON CA15-3 kit. We concluded that the present assay can detect MUC1 in breast cancer patients with great sensitivity and accuracy.

  1. Study on IL-2 and CA 15-3 level as combined biomarkers in monitoring chemotherapeutic response among invasive breast cancer patients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hameed, Ahmed Muthanna Abdul; Hamid, Auni Fatin Abdul; Shahfiza Noor, Nurul; Appalanaido, Gokula Kumar; Bariyah Sahul Hamid, Shahrul

    2017-05-01

    In Malaysia, breast cancer is the most frequent type of disease among women. This study was designed to determine the clinical usefulness of carbohydrate antigen (CA 15-3) and interleukin 2 (IL-2) levels as combined biomarkers in monitoring breast cancer patient’s response to chemotherapy. Ethical approval was obtained to recruit patients with histologically confirmed invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) attending Oncology Clinic at Advanced Medical and Dental Institute. Whole blood was collected from 10 IDC breast cancer patients’ pre and post primary chemotherapy. Plasma was separated from the whole blood to determine the CA 15-3 level and IL-2 level using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) pre and post-treatment. In addition, the histological findings, tumour stage and other patients’ data were obtained from the medical record. Findings showed that IL-2 had borderline significant changes between pre- and post-chemotherapy (p = 0.074) whereas for CA 15-3, there was insignificant differences of CA 15-3 level between pre and post-chemotherapy (p > 0.05). It was noted that only CA 15-3 level had significant correlation with tumour size. This study demonstrates that IL-2 level requires further investigation in a larger sample size to correlate its potential use as combined biomarker with CA 15-3 in monitoring response to chemotherapy.

  2. Amplified FRET based CA15-3 immunosensor using antibody functionalized luminescent carbon-dots and AuNPs-dendrimer aptamer as donor-acceptor.

    PubMed

    Mohammadi, Somayeh; Salimi, Abdollah; Qaddareh, Somayeh Hamde

    2018-06-13

    We proposed an amplified FRET immunosensing for detection of CA15-3 tumor marker by highly biospecific interactions between CA 15-3 antigen and the corresponding antibody and aptamer. In this sandwich type immunoassay, CA15-3 antibody-functionalized carbon dots and AuNPs labeled PAMAM-Dendrimer/aptamer were used as donor/acceptor, respectively. When CA 15-3 Ag was added to homogenous immunoassay, the strong complex interaction between CA15-3 Ab-CA15-3 Ag- aptamer caused in more coming closer carbon dot and AuNPs and more decreasing fluorescence signal. The decreased fluorescence intensity was linear at three ranges including in concentration range 1.1 μUmL -1 to 16 μU mL -1 with regression of R 2  = 0.9879, at the concentration range 16 μU mL -1 to 0.163 mU mL -1 with regression of R 2  = 0.9944 and at the concentration range 0.163 mU mL -1 to 5.0 mU mL -1 with regression of R 2  = 0.9805. The detection limit of the FRET immunoassay was 0.9 μU mL -1 . In addition, this FRET immunosensing is applicable in diluted human serum. The recovery values were in the range of 95.86-96.97% for CA 15-3 Ag in spiked serum sample with RSD lower than 7.3%. The proposed immunoassay could be a valid model for establishing other immunoassays for detection of different cancer tumor markers with relevant antigens and antibodies. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. Sensing CA 15-3 in point-of-care by electropolymerizing O-phenylenediamine (oPDA) on Au-screen printed electrodes.

    PubMed

    Gomes, Rui S; Moreira, Felismina T C; Fernandes, Ruben; Sales, M Goreti F

    2018-01-01

    This work presents an alternative device for cancer screening in liquid biopsies. It combines a biomimetic film (i) with electrochemical detection (ii). The biomimetic film (i) was obtained by electro-polymerizing amine-substituted benzene rings around a CA 15-3 target. This protein target was previously adsorbed on a gold (Au) support and incubated in charged monomers (4-Styrenesulfonate sodium and 3-Hydroxytyraminium chloride). The protein was further eliminated by enzymatic activity, leaving behind vacant sites for subsequent rebinding. Electrochemical detection (ii) was achieved on an Au working electrode, designed on commercial screen-printed electrodes. Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy and ellipsometric readings were used to follow the chemical modification of the Au surface. The ability of the material to rebind CA15-3 was monitored by electrochemical techniques. The device displayed linear responses to CA15-3 ranging from 0.25 to 10.00 U/mL, with detection limits of 0.05 U/mL. Accurate results were obtained by applying the sensor to the analysis of CA15-3 in PBS buffer and in serum samples. This biosensing device displayed successful features for the detection of CA 15-3 and constitutes a promising tool for breast cancer screening procedures in point-of-care applications. Moreover, its scale-up seems feasible as it contains a plastic antibody assembled in situ, in less than 1 minute, and the analysis of serum takes less than 30 minutes.

  4. Sensing CA 15-3 in point-of-care by electropolymerizing O-phenylenediamine (oPDA) on Au-screen printed electrodes

    PubMed Central

    Gomes, Rui S.; Moreira, Felismina T. C.; Fernandes, Ruben

    2018-01-01

    This work presents an alternative device for cancer screening in liquid biopsies. It combines a biomimetic film (i) with electrochemical detection (ii). The biomimetic film (i) was obtained by electro-polymerizing amine-substituted benzene rings around a CA 153 target. This protein target was previously adsorbed on a gold (Au) support and incubated in charged monomers (4-Styrenesulfonate sodium and 3-Hydroxytyraminium chloride). The protein was further eliminated by enzymatic activity, leaving behind vacant sites for subsequent rebinding. Electrochemical detection (ii) was achieved on an Au working electrode, designed on commercial screen-printed electrodes. Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy and ellipsometric readings were used to follow the chemical modification of the Au surface. The ability of the material to rebind CA15-3 was monitored by electrochemical techniques. The device displayed linear responses to CA15-3 ranging from 0.25 to 10.00 U/mL, with detection limits of 0.05 U/mL. Accurate results were obtained by applying the sensor to the analysis of CA15-3 in PBS buffer and in serum samples. This biosensing device displayed successful features for the detection of CA 153 and constitutes a promising tool for breast cancer screening procedures in point-of-care applications. Moreover, its scale-up seems feasible as it contains a plastic antibody assembled in situ, in less than 1 minute, and the analysis of serum takes less than 30 minutes. PMID:29715330

  5. 3D Printout Models vs. 3D-Rendered Images: Which Is Better for Preoperative Planning?

    PubMed

    Zheng, Yi-xiong; Yu, Di-fei; Zhao, Jian-gang; Wu, Yu-lian; Zheng, Bin

    2016-01-01

    Correct interpretation of a patient's anatomy and changes that occurs secondary to a disease process are crucial in the preoperative process to ensure optimal surgical treatment. In this study, we presented 3 different pancreatic cancer cases to surgical residents in the form of 3D-rendered images and 3D-printed models to investigate which modality resulted in the most appropriate preoperative plan. We selected 3 cases that would require significantly different preoperative plans based on key features identifiable in the preoperative computed tomography imaging. 3D volume rendering and 3D printing were performed respectively to create 2 different training ways. A total of 30, year 1 surgical residents were randomly divided into 2 groups. Besides traditional 2D computed tomography images, residents in group A (n = 15) reviewed 3D computer models, whereas in group B, residents (n = 15) reviewed 3D-printed models. Both groups subsequently completed an examination, designed in-house, to assess the appropriateness of their preoperative plan and provide a numerical score of the quality of the surgical plan. Residents in group B showed significantly higher quality of the surgical plan scores compared with residents in group A (76.4 ± 10.5 vs. 66.5 ± 11.2, p = 0.018). This difference was due in large part to a significant difference in knowledge of key surgical steps (22.1 ± 2.9 vs. 17.4 ± 4.2, p = 0.004) between each group. All participants reported a high level of satisfaction with the exercise. Results from this study support our hypothesis that 3D-printed models improve the quality of surgical trainee's preoperative plans. Copyright © 2016 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. A preoperative serum signature of CEA+/CA125+/CA19-9 ≥ 1000 U/mL indicates poor outcome to pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer.

    PubMed

    Liu, Liang; Xu, Huaxiang; Wang, Wenquan; Wu, Chuntao; Chen, Yong; Yang, Jingxuan; Cen, Putao; Xu, Jin; Liu, Chen; Long, Jiang; Guha, Sushovan; Fu, Deliang; Ni, Quanxing; Jatoi, Aminah; Chari, Suresh; McCleary-Wheeler, Angela L; Fernandez-Zapico, Martin E; Li, Min; Yu, Xianjun

    2015-05-01

    Pancreatectomy is associated with significant morbidity and unpredictable outcome, with few diagnostic tools to determine, which patients gain the most benefit from this treatment, especially before the operation. This study aimed to define a preoperative signature panel of serum markers to indicate response to pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer. Over 1000 patients with pancreatic cancer treated at two independent high-volume institutions were included in this study and were divided into three groups, including resected, locally advanced and metastatic. Eight serum tumor markers most commonly used in gastrointestinal cancers were analyzed for patient outcome. Preoperative CA19-9 independently indicated surgical response in pancreatic cancer. Patients with CA19-9 ≥1000 U/mL generally had a poor surgical benefit. However, a subset of these patients still achieved a survival advantage when CA19-9 levels decreased postoperatively. CEA and CA125 in the presence of CA19-9 ≥1000 U/mL could independently predict the non-decrease of CA19-9 postoperatively. The combination of the three markers was useful for predicting a worse surgical outcome with a median survival of 5.1 months vs. 23.0 months (p < 0.001) for the training cohort and 7.0 months vs. 18.2 months (p < 0.001) for the validation cohort and also suggested a higher prevalence of early distant metastasis after surgery. Resected patients with this proposed signature showed no survival advantage over patients in the locally advanced group who did not receive pancreatectomy. Therefore, a preoperative serum signature of CEA(+)/CA125(+)/CA19-9 ≥1000 U/mL is associated with poor surgical outcome and can be used to select appropriate patients with pancreatic cancer for pancreatectomy. © 2014 UICC.

  7. Bulk and nanocrystalline electron doped Gd0.15Ca0.85MnO3: Synthesis and magnetic characterization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhal, Lakshman; Chattarpal; Nirmala, R.; Santhosh, P. N.; Kumary, T. Geetha; Nigam, A. K.

    2014-09-01

    Polycrystalline Gd0.15Ca0.85MnO3 sample was prepared by solid state reaction method and nanocrystalline samples of different grain sizes of the same were prepared by sol-gel method. Phase purity and composition were verified by room temperature X-ray diffraction and SEM-EDAX analysis. Magnetization data of bulk Gd0.15Ca0.85MnO3 in 5 kOe field shows a peak at 119 K (TN) suggesting an antiferromagnetic transition. Nanocrystalline Gd0.15Ca0.85MnO3 sample ( 54 nm size) also shows a cusp at 107 K and a broad thermal hysteresis between field cooled cooling (FCC) and field cooled warming (FCW) data around this temperature. This thermal hysteresis suggests possible crystal structural transition. Field variation of magnetization of bulk Gd0.15Ca0.85MnO3 at 5 K shows a tendency to saturate, but yields a magnetic moment value of only 1.12 μB/f.u. in 70 kOe. The value of magnetization of nanocrystalline sample at 5 K in 70 kOe field is slightly larger and is 1.38 μB/f.u. which is probably due to the surface moments of the nanoparticle samples. Both the samples show Curie-Weiss-like behaviour in their paramagnetic state.

  8. CaV 3.1 and CaV 3.3 account for T-type Ca2+ current in GH3 cells.

    PubMed

    Mudado, M A; Rodrigues, A L; Prado, V F; Beirão, P S L; Cruz, J S

    2004-06-01

    T-type Ca2+ channels are important for cell signaling by a variety of cells. We report here the electrophysiological and molecular characteristics of the whole-cell Ca2+ current in GH3 clonal pituitary cells. The current inactivation at 0 mV was described by a single exponential function with a time constant of 18.32 +/- 1.87 ms (N = 16). The I-V relationship measured with Ca2+ as a charge carrier was shifted to the left when we applied a conditioning pre-pulse of up to -120 mV, indicating that a low voltage-activated current may be present in GH3 cells. Transient currents were first activated at -50 mV and peaked around -20 mV. The half-maximal voltage activation and the slope factors for the two conditions are -35.02 +/- 2.4 and 6.7 +/- 0.3 mV (pre-pulse of -120 mV, N = 15), and -27.0 +/- 0.97 and 7.5 +/- 0.7 mV (pre-pulse of -40 mV, N = 9). The 8-mV shift in the activation mid-point was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The tail currents decayed bi-exponentially suggesting two different T-type Ca2+ channel populations. RT-PCR revealed the presence of alpha1G (CaV3.1) and alpha1I (CaV3.3) T-type Ca2+ channel mRNA transcripts.

  9. Synthesis and thermoelectric property of Ca-doped n-type Bi85 Sb 15 alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadel, Kamal; Li, Wenzhi; Joshi, Giri; Ren, Zhifeng

    2011-03-01

    Bi 1-x Sb x (0.09 x 0.20) alloysaren - typesemiconductingmaterialsthatexhibitagoodthermoelectricpropertyatlowtemperature , around 80 K . InthepresentworkweinvestigatedthethermoelectricpropertiesofundopedBi 85 Sb 15 anddifferentCa - dopedBi 85 Sb 15 Ca x alloys (x = 0.5 , 2 , and 5) synthesizedviaarc - meltingfirstandfollowedbyballmillingandhotpressing . EffectofdifferentCadopinglevelsontransportpropertiesofBi 85 Sb 15 alloyshasbeeninvestigated . ItisfoundthatthermalconductivitydecreaseswithincreasingCa . ElectricaltransportmeasurementsshowthatpowerfactorincreaseswithdopinglevelofCauptoBi 85 Sb 15 Ca 2 andthendecreases , yieldingthemaximumvalueofpowerfactorof 3.8 × 10 -3 Wm -1 K -2 andZTof 0.39 atroomtemperatureforBi 85 Sb 15 Ca 2 . Properties at below room temperature will also be presented.

  10. Influences of Ru-doping on the magnetic properties of Ca0.85Pr0.15Mn1- x Ru x O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phan, T. L.; Zhang, Y. D.; Yu, S. C.; Thanh, P. Q.; Yen, P. D. H.

    2012-11-01

    CaMnO3 is an antiferromagnet, in which the super-exchange interaction taking place between Mn4+ ions plays an important role. The doping of a small amount of 15% Pr into the Ca site, Ca0.85Pr0.15MnO3, leads to the appearance of Mn3+ ions, and introduces the ferromagnetic (FM) double-exchange interaction between Mn3+ and Mn4+ ions, which is dominant in a narrow temperature range of 90 ˜ 115 K. The FM interaction becomes strong for Ca0.85Pr0.15MnO3 doped with 4 and 8% Ru into the Mn site ( i.e., Ca0.85Pr0.15Mn1- x Ru x O3 with x = 0.04 and 0.08). The Curie temperature obtained for x = 0.04 and 0.08 are about 135 and 180 K, respectively. While the FM interaction in the former is dominant due to Mn3+-Mn4+ exchange pairs, the latter has the contribution of Ru ions. This results in remarkable differences in the features of their FM-paramagnetic phase transitions and their coercive fields H c .

  11. Influence of Li3BO3 additives on the Li+ conductivity and stability of Ca/Ta-substituted Li6.55(La2.95Ca0.05)(Zr1.5Ta0.5)O12 electrolytes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, L. C.; Yang, J. F.; Gao, Y. X.; Wang, X. P.; Fang, Q. F.; Chen, C. H.

    2017-07-01

    The cubic Ca/Ta-substituted Li6.55(La2.95Ca0.05)(Zr1.5Ta0.5)O12 (LLCZTO) electrolytes were synthesized at 800 °C with Li3BO3 as additives. The optimal amount of Li3BO3 and its influences on the microstructure, crystal structures, Li+ conductivity and the stability of the Li6.55(La2.95Ca0.05)(Zr1.5Ta0.5)O12 were studied by SEM, XRD and EIS. Among all the samples, when the molar ratio of Li3BO3 to the Li6.55(La2.95Ca0.05)(Zr1.5Ta0.5)O12 is 4:5, the highest Li+ conductivity of 1.33 × 10-4 S cm-1 at 30 °C is obtained. When the LLCZTO samples are exposed in air, the Li+ conductivity is deteriorated possibly owing to the side reactions between the LLCZTO and the H2O or CO2 in the air. The Li3BO3 addition can alleviate such deterioration of the Li+ conductivity.

  12. Tululite, Ca14(Fe3+,Al)(Al,Zn,Fe3+,Si,P,Mn,Mg)15O36: a new Ca zincate-aluminate from combustion metamorphic marbles, central Jordan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khoury, Hani N.; Sokol, Ella V.; Kokh, Svetlana N.; Seryotkin, Yurii V.; Nigmatulina, Elena N.; Goryainov, Sergei V.; Belogub, Elena V.; Clark, Ian D.

    2016-02-01

    Tululite (Ca14(Fe3+,Al)(Al,Zn,Fe3+,Si,P,Mn,Mg)15O36 (the hypothetical end-member formula Ca14{Fe3+O6}[SiO4][Zn5Al9]O26) (IMA2014-065) is a new natural Ca zincate-aluminate, identified in medium-temperature (800-850 °C) combustion metamorphic (CM) spurrite-fluorellestadite marbles from central Jordan. The type locality (Tulul Al Hammam area) is situated in the northern part of the Siwaqa complex, the largest area of the "Mottled Zone" Formation in the Dead Sea region. The marbles originated from bitumen-rich chalky marine sediments of the Maastrichtian-Paleogene Muwaqqar Chalk Marl Formation, which have low clay content (and, consequently, low Al) and high Zn, Cd, and U enrichments. The bulk CM rocks derived from the low-Al protolith have unusually high (Zn + Cd)/Al ratios ( 0.2) and, as a result, a mineralogy with negligibly small percentages of Ca aluminates having low Ca:Al molar ratios (minerals of mayenite supergroup, Ca:Al = 6:7) common to most of calcareous CM rocks in the Mottled Zone. Instead, the mineral assemblage of the Zn-rich marbles contains tululite, with high Ca:Al = 2.55 molar ratios and Zn substituting for a large portion of Al (Zn:Al = 1.1). Tululite occurs in thin clusters as irregular grains with indented outlines (20-100 μm in size), having typical open-work textures associated with rock-forming calcite, fluorellestadite, spurrite, and accessory Zn-rich periclase, lime-monteponite solid solutions, calcium uranates, and zincite. Marbles also bear brownmillerite, dorrite, fluormayenite, high-fluorine Ca aluminate, and lakargiite. Secondary phases are brucite, gel-like calcium silicate hydrates and calcium silicate aluminate hydrates, including Zn- and U-bearing and Cd-rich compounds, Si-bearing hydrated compounds after calcium uranates, and basic Cd chlorides. The empirical formula of the holotype tululite (a mean of 32 analyses) is (Ca13.29Cd0.75)Σ14.04(Al5.46Zn5.20Fe3+ 2.23Si0.95Mn3+ 1.01Mg0.78P0.41)Σ16.04O36. Tululite is cubic, space

  13. Thermally stable dielectric responses in uniaxially (001)-oriented CaBi4Ti4O15 nanofilms grown on a Ca2Nb3O10- nanosheet seed layer.

    PubMed

    Kimura, Junichi; Takuwa, Itaru; Matsushima, Masaaki; Shimizu, Takao; Uchida, Hiroshi; Kiguchi, Takanori; Shiraishi, Takahisa; Konno, Toyohiko J; Shibata, Tatsuo; Osada, Minoru; Sasaki, Takayoshi; Funakubo, Hiroshi

    2016-02-15

    To realize a high-temperature capacitor, uniaxially (001)-oriented CaBi4Ti4O15 films with various film thicknesses were prepared on (100)cSrRuO3/Ca2Nb3O10(-) nanosheet/glass substrates. As the film thickness decreases to 50 nm, the out-of-plane lattice parameters decrease while the in-plane lattice ones increase due to the in-plane tensile strain. However, the relative dielectric constant (εr) at room temperature exhibits a negligible degradation as the film thickness decreases to 50 nm, suggesting that εr of (001)-oriented CaBi4Ti4O15 is less sensitive to the residual strain. The capacitance density increases monotonously with decreasing film thickness, reaching a value of 4.5 μF/cm(2) for a 50-nm-thick nanofilm, and is stable against temperature changes from room temperature to 400 °C irrespective of film thickness. This behaviour differs from that of the widely investigated perovskite-structured dielectrics. These results show that (001)-oriented CaBi4Ti4O15 films derived using Ca2Nb3O10(-) nanosheets as seed layers can be made candidates for high-temperature capacitor applications by a small change in the dielectric properties against film thickness and temperature variations.

  14. Suppression of Sleep Spindle Rhythmogenesis in Mice with Deletion of CaV3.2 and CaV3.3 T-type Ca(2+) Channels.

    PubMed

    Pellegrini, Chiara; Lecci, Sandro; Lüthi, Anita; Astori, Simone

    2016-04-01

    Low-threshold voltage-gated T-type Ca(2+) channels (T-channels or CaV3 channels) sustain oscillatory discharges of thalamocortical (TC) and nucleus Reticularis thalami (nRt) cells. The CaV3.3 subtype dominates nRt rhythmic bursting and mediates a substantial fraction of spindle power in the NREM sleep EEG. CaV3.2 channels are also found in nRt, but whether these contribute to nRt-dependent spindle generation is unexplored. We investigated thalamic rhythmogenesis in mice lacking this subtype in isolation (CaV3.2KO mice) or in concomitance with CaV3.3 deletion (CaV3.double-knockout (DKO) mice). We examined discharge characteristics of thalamic cells and intrathalamic evoked synaptic transmission in brain slices from wild-type, CaV3.2KO and CaV3.DKO mice through patch-clamp recordings. The sleep profile of freely behaving CaV3.2KO and CaV3.DKO mice was assessed by polysomnographic recordings. CaV3.2 channel deficiency left nRt discharge properties largely unaltered, but additional deletion of CaV3.3 channels fully abolished low-threshold whole-cell Ca(2+) currents and bursting, and suppressed burst-mediated inhibitory responses in TC cells. CaV3.DKO mice had more fragmented sleep, with shorter NREM sleep episodes and more frequent microarousals. The NREM sleep EEG power spectrum displayed a relative suppression of the σ frequency band (10-15 Hz), which was accompanied by an increase in the δ band (1-4 Hz). Consistent with previous findings, CaV3.3 channels dominate nRt rhythmogenesis, but the lack of CaV3.2 channels further aggravates neuronal, synaptic, and EEG deficits. Therefore, CaV3.2 channels can boost intrathalamic synaptic transmission, and might play a modulatory role adjusting the relative presence of NREM sleep EEG rhythms. © 2016 Associated Professional Sleep Societies, LLC.

  15. Suppression of Sleep Spindle Rhythmogenesis in Mice with Deletion of CaV3.2 and CaV3.3 T-type Ca2+ Channels

    PubMed Central

    Pellegrini, Chiara; Lecci, Sandro; Lüthi, Anita; Astori, Simone

    2016-01-01

    Study Objectives: Low-threshold voltage-gated T-type Ca2+ channels (T-channels or CaV3 channels) sustain oscillatory discharges of thalamocortical (TC) and nucleus Reticularis thalami (nRt) cells. The CaV3.3 subtype dominates nRt rhythmic bursting and mediates a substantial fraction of spindle power in the NREM sleep EEG. CaV3.2 channels are also found in nRt, but whether these contribute to nRt-dependent spindle generation is unexplored. We investigated thalamic rhythmogenesis in mice lacking this subtype in isolation (CaV3.2KO mice) or in concomitance with CaV3.3 deletion (CaV3.double-knockout (DKO) mice). Methods: We examined discharge characteristics of thalamic cells and intrathalamic evoked synaptic transmission in brain slices from wild-type, CaV3.2KO and CaV3.DKO mice through patch-clamp recordings. The sleep profile of freely behaving CaV3.2KO and CaV3.DKO mice was assessed by polysomnographic recordings. Results: CaV3.2 channel deficiency left nRt discharge properties largely unaltered, but additional deletion of CaV3.3 channels fully abolished low-threshold whole-cell Ca2+ currents and bursting, and suppressed burst-mediated inhibitory responses in TC cells. CaV3.DKO mice had more fragmented sleep, with shorter NREM sleep episodes and more frequent microarousals. The NREM sleep EEG power spectrum displayed a relative suppression of the σ frequency band (10–15 Hz), which was accompanied by an increase in the δ band (1–4 Hz). Conclusions: Consistent with previous findings, CaV3.3 channels dominate nRt rhythmogenesis, but the lack of CaV3.2 channels further aggravates neuronal, synaptic, and EEG deficits. Therefore, CaV3.2 channels can boost intrathalamic synaptic transmission, and might play a modulatory role adjusting the relative presence of NREM sleep EEG rhythms. Citation: Pellegrini C, Lecci S, Lüthi A, Astori S. Suppression of sleep spindle rhythmogenesis in mice with deletion of Cav3.2 and Cav3.3 T-type Ca2+ channels. SLEEP 2016;39(4):875

  16. Disposable electrochemical detection of breast cancer tumour marker CA 15-3 using poly(Toluidine Blue) as imprinted polymer receptor.

    PubMed

    Ribeiro, J A; Pereira, C M; Silva, A F; Sales, M Goreti F

    2018-06-30

    In this work, electrically-conducting poly(Toludine Blue) was employed for the first time as synthetic receptor film, prepared by Molecular Imprinting strategies and using electrochemical methods, for the specific screening of breast cancer biomarker Carbohydrate Antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3). The protein imprinted poly(Toluidine Blue) film was grown in a pre-formed Toluidine Blue (TB) tailed SAM at the AuSPE surface, which greatly enhanced the stability against degradation of the Molecular Imprinted Polymer (MIP) film at the electrode surface. The MIP receptor film recognition ability towards the protein was investigated by fitting data to Freundlich isotherm. The binding affinity (K F ) obtained for the MIP system was significantly higher (~ 12-fold) to that obtained for the NIP system, demonstrating the success of the approach in creating imprinted materials that specifically respond to CA 15-3 protein. The incubation of the MIP modified electrode with increasing concentration of protein (from 0.10 U mL -1 to 1000 U mL -1 ) resulted in a decrease of the ferro/ferricyanide redox current. The device displayed linear response from 0.10 U mL -1 to 100 U mL -1 and LODs below 0.10 U mL -1 were obtained from calibration curves built in neutral buffer and diluted artificial serum, using DPV technique, enabling the detection of the protein biomarker at clinically relevant levels. The developed MIP biosensor was applied to the determination of CA 15-3 in spiked serum samples with satisfactory results. The developed device provides a new strategy for sensitive, rapid, simple and cost-effective screening of CA 15-3 biomarker. Importantly, the overall approach seems suitable for point-of-care (PoC) use in clinical context. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  17. Determination of MUC1 in sera of ovarian cancer patients and in sera of patients with benign changes of the ovaries with CA15-3, CA27.29, and PankoMab.

    PubMed

    Jeschke, Udo; Wiest, Irmi; Schumacher, Anamur Lan; Kupka, Markus; Rack, Brigitte; Stahn, Renate; Karsten, Uwe; Mayr, Doris; Friese, Klaus; Dian, Darius

    2012-05-01

    Mucin 1 (MUC1) is a high molecular weight transmembrane glycoprotein with unique properties which is used as a tumour marker in sera of ovarian cancer patients. The common test kit for the cancer antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) is not sufficient for the discrimination between sera from healthy individuals and sera from patients with benign changes of the ovaries. In this study, the newly developed anti-MUC1 antibody PankoMab was tested in normal and patient sera with an ELISA, and the obtained data were compared against data from experiments using the commercial kits for CA15-3 and CA27.29. Sera of 123 patients diagnosed with benign or malignant changes of the ovaries were obtained before surgery. CA15-3 was analysed with an automated ELISA system (Immulite 2000). CA27.29 was measured with the ST AIA-PACK CA27.29 for the AIA-600II-Analyzer (Tosoh Bioscience, Belgium). The release of MUC1 fragments carrying the TA-MUC1 epitope was analysed with an ELISA using the PankoMab antibody. Using the already established markers CA15-3 and CA27.29, significant differences between benign and malignant changes of the ovaries were found. The same result was obtained with the newly developed TA-MUC1 test. In contrast to CA15-3 and CA27.29, however, the median of TA-MUC1 was lower in sera from patients with ovarian cancer compared to sera from patients with benign diseases of the ovary. However, sera of patients with benign ovarian diseases had significantly higher TA-MUC1 values compared to sera of healthy individuals. The risk score of TA-MUC1 achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 78.4% in receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and a sensitivity of 37% for the prediction of ovarian disease, at 95% specificity. In this study we employed an additional marker for MUC1 which recognizes a more tumour-specific MUC1 epitope (TA-MUC1). We obtained results showing significant differences between detection in benign and malignant ovarian diseases. Although the mean MUC1 values were

  18. Optofluidic ring resonator sensor for sensitive label-free detection of breast cancer antigen CA15-3 in human serum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Hongying; Dale, Paul S.; Fan, Xudong

    2009-05-01

    Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in women worldwide. Because of its great impact on society, a lot of research funding has been used to develop novel detection tools for aiding breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis. In this work, we demonstrated a simple, fast, and sensitive detection of circulating breast cancer biomarker CA15-3 with opto-fluidic ring resonator (OFRR) sensors. The OFRR sensor employs a thin-walled capillary with wall thickness less than 4 μm. The circular cross section of the capillary forms the optical ring resonator, in which the light circulates in the form of whispering gallery modes (WGMs). The capillary wall is thin enough that the evanescent field of the WGM extends into the capillary core and responds to refractive index changes in the capillary core or close to its interior surface. The WGM spectral position will change when the biomolecules bind to the surface, yielding quantitative and kinetic information about the biomolecule interaction. Here, the direct immunoassay method was employed for the detection of CA15-3 antigen without any signal amplification steps. The sensor performance in both PBS buffer and human serum were investigated, respectively. The experimental detection limit was 5 units/mL in PBS buffer and 30 units/mL for CA15-3 spiked in serum, both of which satisfied clinical diagnosis requirements. The potential use of the OFRR as the point-of-care device for breast cancer detection was tested by measuring the CA15-3 level in blood samples collected from stage IV breast cancer patients and the results were compared with standard clinical test.

  19. CEA, CA 15-3, and TPS as Prognostic Factors in the Follow-up Monitoring of Patients After Radical Surgery for Breast Cancer.

    PubMed

    Svobodova, Sarka; Kucera, Radek; Fiala, Ondrej; Marie, Karlikova; Narsanska, Andrea; Zedníková, Ilona; Treska, Vladislav; Slouka, David; Milena, Rousarova; Topolcan, Ondrej; Finek, Jindrich

    2018-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of tissue polypeptide-specific antigen (TPS), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) to predict relapse in breast cancer patients, when the measurement of biomarkers is performed within 6 months after surgery. Four hundred and seventy-two patients with breast cancer were evaluated. TPS, CEA, and CA 15-3 were measured in months 1, 3, and 6, after surgery. Disease recurrence was recorded between 7-12 months after surgery. Disease recurrence occurred in 60 patients, while 412 patients remained in recurrence-free status. TPS levels of the recurrence group differed statistically significantly in the first and sixth month after surgery compared to recurrence-free group (p=0.0339, AUC=0.6056; p<0.0001, AUC=0.7196). CEA and CA 15-3 measurements did not achieve a statistically significant difference for any month examined. TPS level in the sixth month after surgery is the best candidate biomarker to predict disease recurrence. Copyright© 2018, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  20. Two-marker combinations for preoperative discrimination of benign and malignant ovarian masses.

    PubMed

    Freydanck, Maj Kristin; Laubender, Ruediger Paul; Rack, Brigitte; Schuhmacher, Lan; Jeschke, Udo; Scholz, Christoph

    2012-05-01

    When caring for patients with ovarian neoplasms, correct preoperative discrimination of benign and malignant disease is deemed vital. In this study, we tested serum biomarkers' alone and in combination, to achieve this aim. We measured the concentrations of Cancer Antigen (CA)-125, CA15-3, CA27-29, Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA), CA19-9, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), Placental Protein (PP)1490, CA72-4, galectin-3, galectin-1 and Human epididymis protein (HE)4 in sera of 133 patients with pelvic masses by ELISA and correlated the results to subsequent histology. We used the area under the curve (AUC) of biomarkers and their combinations and calculated the 95% confidence intervals by using casewise resampling. The best single biomarkers were CA-125 (sensitivity and AUC) and HE4 (specificity). Combinations with HE4 and CA19-9 improved the predictive power of CA-125. The best discrimination was achieved by the combination of CA-125 and HE4, with an AUC of 0.961. A combination of CA-125 with HE4 could facilitate the identification of women at risk for ovarian cancer.

  1. Evaluation of a newly developed quantitative determination kit for tumor marker CA15-3 with chemiluminescent assay.

    PubMed

    Li, Peihua; Ye, Huiming; Liu, Jiangwu; Jin, Hongwei; Lin, Yongzhi; Yan, Shuidi; Yu, Yang; Gao, Lei; Xu, Feihai; Zhang, Zhongying

    2018-01-01

    Tumor marker carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA15-3) is used as a biomarker to aid to diagnose and monitor the prognosis of breast cancer patients. A new quantitative determination kit for CA15-3 with chemiluminescent assay was developed by Xiamen InnoDx Biotech Co., Ltd, China. Therefore, we conducted the report to evaluate the performance of the kit. According to the "Guiding principles on performance analysis of diagnostic reagents in vitro", the calibration curve, limit of detection, reportable range, accuracy, precision, anti-interference capability, cross-reaction and comparison by measuring EDTA plasma and serum were carried out. In addition, the kit was performed in parallel to electrochemiluminescence immunoassay kit (Roche) to analyze the correlation between the two kits. Regression equation of calibration curve of the kit was Y=0.7914X+4.1032 (R 2 =.990). Limit of detection was 0.0347 U/mL. The reportable range was 0.5-2400 U/mL. Recovery ratio was 100.0%-104.8%. Coefficient of variations (CVs) of within-run and between-run were 4.8%-7.6% and 5.8%-7.4% respectively. No remarkable interferences (all Bias% were less than ±10%) were detected when samples contained hemoglobin ≤183.8 μmol/L, bilirubin ≤340 μmol/L, triglyceride ≤18.1 mmol/L, or rheumatoid factor ≤400 U/mL. No cross-reaction was present in the kit. Moreover, compared with the results from electrochemiluminescence immunoassay kit (Roche) in 345 serum samples, there was a satisfied correlation coefficient of 0.977 (P<.01), and the kit was simultaneously fit for the detection of EDTA plasma and serum samples. The new kit validated satisfactorily, and it can be used for detecting CA15-3 in clinical practice. © 2017 The Authors Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. AN UNBIASED 1.3 mm EMISSION LINE SURVEY OF THE PROTOPLANETARY DISK ORBITING LkCa 15

    SciTech Connect

    Punzi, K. M.; Kastner, J. H.; Hily-Blant, P.

    2015-06-01

    The outer (>30 AU) regions of the dusty circumstellar disk orbiting the ∼2–5 Myr old, actively accreting solar analog LkCa 15 are known to be chemically rich, and the inner disk may host a young protoplanet within its central cavity. To obtain a complete census of the brightest molecular line emission emanating from the LkCa 15 disk over the 210–270 GHz (1.4–1.1 mm) range, we have conducted an unbiased radio spectroscopic survey with the Institute de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM) 30 m telescope. The survey demonstrates that in this spectral region, the most readily detectable lines are those of CO andmore » its isotopologues {sup 13}CO and C{sup 18}O, as well as HCO{sup +}, HCN, CN, C{sub 2}H, CS, and H{sub 2}CO. All of these species had been previously detected in the LkCa 15 disk; however, the present survey includes the first complete coverage of the CN (2–1) and C{sub 2}H (3–2) hyperfine complexes. Modeling of these emission complexes indicates that the CN and C{sub 2}H either reside in the coldest regions of the disk or are subthermally excited, and that their abundances are enhanced relative to molecular clouds and young stellar object environments. These results highlight the value of unbiased single-dish line surveys in guiding future high-resolution interferometric imaging of disks.« less

  3. Size effect on the structural, magnetic, and magnetotransport properties of electron doped manganite La0.15Ca0.85MnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Rini; Das, Gangadhar; Mondal, Rajib; Pradheesh, R.; Mahato, R. N.; Geetha Kumary, T.; Nirmala, R.; Morozkin, A. V.; Lamsal, J.; Yelon, W. B.; Nigam, A. K.; Malik, S. K.

    2012-04-01

    Nanocrystalline La0.15Ca0.85MnO3 samples of various grain sizes ranging from ˜17 to 42 nm have been prepared by sol-gel technique. Phase purity and composition were verified by room temperature x-ray diffraction and SEM-EDAX analysis. The bulk La0.15Ca0.85MnO3 is known to order antiferromagnetically around 170 K and to undergo a simultaneous crystal structural transition. DC magnetization measurements on 17 nm size La0.15Ca0.85MnO3 show a peak at ˜130 K (TN) in zero-field-cooled (ZFC) state. Field-cooled magnetization bifurcates from ZFC data around 200 K hinting a weak ferromagnetic component near room temperature due to surface moments of the nanoparticle sample. Low temperature powder neutron diffraction experiments reveal that the incomplete structural transition from room temperature orthorhombic to low temperature orthorhombic-monoclinic state also occurs in the nanoparticle sample as in the bulk. Magnetization in the ordered state decreases as particle size increases, thus indicating the reduction of the competing ferromagnetic surface moments.

  4. Ferrorhodonite, CaMn3Fe[Si5O15], a new mineral species from Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shchipalkina, Nadezhda V.; Chukanov, Nikita V.; Pekov, Igor V.; Aksenov, Sergey M.; McCammon, Catherine; Belakovskiy, Dmitry I.; Britvin, Sergey N.; Koshlyakova, Natalya N.; Schäfer, Christof; Scholz, Ricardo; Rastsvetaeva, Ramiza K.

    2017-05-01

    The new mineral ferrorhodonite, a Mn2+-Fe2+ ordered analogue of rhodonite with the idealized formula CaMn3Fe[Si5O15], was found in the manganese-rich metamorphic rocks of the Broken Hill Pb-Zn-Ag deposit, Yancowinna Co., New South Wales, Australia. Ferrorhodonite occurs as brownish red coarsely crystalline aggregates in association with galena, chalcopyrite, spessartine, and quartz. The mineral is brittle. Its Mohs hardness is 6. Cleavage is perfect on {201} and good on {021} and {210}. The measured and calculated values of density are 3.71 (2) and 3.701 g cm-3, respectively. Ferrorhodonite is optically biaxial positive, with α = 1.731 (4), β = 1.736 (4), γ = 1.745 (5) and 2 V (meas.) = 80 (10)°. The average chemical composition of ferrorhodonite is (electron-microprobe data, wt%): CaO 7.09, MgO 0.24, MnO 32.32, FeO 14.46, ZnO 0.36, SiO2 46.48, and total 100.95. The empirical formula calculated on 15 O apfu ( Z = 2) is Ca0.81Mn2.92Fe1.29Mg0.04Zn0.03Si4.96O15. The Mössbauer and IR spectra are reported. The strongest reflections in the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [( d, Å ( I, %) ( hkl)] are: 3.337 (32) (-1-13), 3.132 (54) (-210), 3.091 (41) (0-23), 2.968 (100) (-2-11), 2.770 (91) (022), 2.223 (34) (-204), 2.173 (30) (-310). Ferrorhodonite is isostructural with rhodonite. The crystal structure was solved based on single-crystal X-ray diffraction data and refined to R 1 = 4.02% [for 3114 reflections with I > 2 σ( I)]. The mineral is triclinic, space group P \\bar{1}, a = 6.6766 (5), b = 7.6754 (6), c = 11.803 (1) Å, α = 105.501 (1)°, β = 92.275 (1)°, γ = 93.919 (1)°; V = 580.44 (1). The crystal-chemical formula of ferrorhodonite inferred to be: M5(Ca0.81Mn0.19) M1-3(Mn2.52Fe0.48) M4(Fe 0.81 2+ Mn0.12Mg0.04Zn0.03) [Si5O15]..

  5. Synthesis and thermoelectric property of Ca and In-doped n-type Bi85Sb15 alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadel, Kamal; Li, Wenzhi; Joshi, Giri; Ren, Zhifeng

    2014-03-01

    In the present work we investigated the thermo-electric properties of undoped Bi85Sb15 and different Ca-doped Bi85Sb15Cax (x =0.5, 2, and 5) and In-doped Bi85Sb15Inx(x =0.5, 2) alloys synthesized via arc-melting first and followed by ball milling and hot pressing. Effect of different Ca and In doping levels on transport properties of Bi85Sb15 alloys has been investigated. It is found that thermal conductivity decreases with increasing Ca and decreasing In. Electrical transport measurements show that power factor increases with doping level of Ca up to Bi85Sb15Ca2 and then decreases yielding the maximum power factor of 3.8 × 10-3 Wm-1K-2 and zT of 0.39 at room temperature for Bi85Sb15Ca2. For indium doping, power factor decreases with doping level from 0.5 to 2, yielding the maximum zT value of 0.37 at room temperature for Bi85Sb15In0.5. In this work, calcium doping in Bi85Sb15 alloy is found to yield better thermoelectric property than indium doping.

  6. The system Na2CO3-CaCO3 at 3 GPa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Podborodnikov, Ivan V.; Shatskiy, Anton; Arefiev, Anton V.; Rashchenko, Sergey V.; Chanyshev, Artem D.; Litasov, Konstantin D.

    2018-04-01

    It was suggested that alkali-alkaline earth carbonates may have a substantial role in petrological processes relevant to metasomatism and melting of the Earth's mantle. Because natrite, Na2CO3, Na-Ca carbonate (shortite and/or nyerereite), and calcite, CaCO3, have been recently reported from xenoliths of shallow mantle (110-115 km) origin, we performed experiments on phase relations in the system Na2CO3-CaCO3 at 3 GPa and 800-1300 °C. We found that the system has one intermediate compound, Na2Ca3(CO3)4, at 800 °C, and two intermediate compounds, Na2Ca(CO3)2 and Na2Ca3(CO3)4, at 850 °C. CaCO3 crystals recovered from experiments at 950 and 1000 °C are aragonite and calcite, respectively. Maximum solid solution of CaCO3 in Na2CO3 is 20 mol% at 850 °C. The Na-carbonate-Na2Ca(CO3)2 eutectic locates near 860 °C and 56 mol% Na2CO3. Na2Ca(CO3)2 melts incongruently near 880 °C to produce Na2Ca3(CO3)4 and a liquid containing about 51 mol% Na2CO3. Na2Ca3(CO3)4 disappears above 1000 °C via incongruent melting to calcite and a liquid containing about 43 mol% Na2CO3. At 1050 °C, the liquid, coexisting with Na-carbonate, contains 87 mol% Na2CO3. Na-carbonate remains solid up to 1150 °C and melts at 1200 °C. The Na2CO3 content in the liquid coexisting with calcite decreases to 15 mol% as temperature increases to 1300 °C. Considering the present and previous data, a range of the intermediate compounds on the liquidus of the Na2CO3-CaCO3 join changes as pressure increases in the following sequence: Na2Ca(CO3)2 (0.1 GPa) → Na2Ca(CO3)2, Na2Ca3(CO3)4 (3 GPa) → Na4Ca(CO3)3, Na2Ca3(CO3)4 (6 GPa). Thus, the Na2Ca(CO3)2 nyerereite stability field extends to the shallow mantle pressures. Consequently, findings of nyerereite among daughter phases in the melt inclusions in olivine from the sheared garnet peridotites are consistent with their mantle origin.

  7. High levels of serum CA15-3 and residual invasive tumor size are associated with poor prognosis for breast cancer patients with non-pathological complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Fujimoto, Yukie; Higuchi, Tomoko; Nishimukai, Arisa; Miyagawa, Yoshimasa; Kira, Ayako; Ozawa, Hiromi; Bun, Ayako; Imamura, Michiko; Miyoshi, Yasuo

    2018-06-24

    To identify surrogate markers for prognosis of breast cancer patients with non-pathological complete response (non-pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), our investigation focused on serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA15-3) as well as clinicopathological factors both pre- and post-NAC. A total of 185 breast cancer patients treated with NAC were recruited. Serum CEA and CA15-3 were measured at baseline and at completion of NAC. Among the non-pCR cancers (n = 142), disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with CA15-3-low at baseline (3-year DFS: 0.908, n = 73) was significantly better than of those with CA15-3-high (3-year DFS: 0.681, n = 69, P = 0.0134). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that baseline CA15-3 levels (hazard ratio (HR): 3.31, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.28-10.23; P = 0.0122) and residual invasive size (HR: 4.47, 1.26-28.39; P = 0.0171) were significant independent factors for DFS. The combination of these factors proved to be accurate predictor for DFS regardless of breast cancer subtypes. The combination of residual invasive size and serum CA15-3 levels at baseline seems to be a significant and independent surrogate marker of poor outcome for patients with non-pCR. These findings suggest that these markers may be useful for identifying patients with inferior prognosis and candidates for additional adjuvant treatments. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Czochralski growth of 2 in. Ca3Ta(Ga,Al)3Si2O14 single crystals for piezoelectric applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshikawa, Akira; Shoji, Yasuhiro; Ohashi, Yuji; Yokota, Yuui; Chani, Valery I.; Kitahara, Masanori; Kudo, Tetsuo; Kamada, Kei; Kurosawa, Shunsuke; Medvedev, Andrey; Kochurikhin, Vladimir

    2016-10-01

    Growth of 2-in. diameter Al-substituted Ca3TaGa3Si2O14 crystals by Czochralski method is reported. The crystals were grown from the melt of Ca3TaGa1.5Al1.5Si2O14 composition and had langasite structure. No inclusions of secondary phases were detected in these crystals. The Ca3Ta(Ga,Al)3Si2O14 mixed crystals produced using non-substituted Ca3TaGa3Si2O14 seeds were defective. They had cracks and/or poly-crystalline structure. However, those grown on the seed of approximately Ca3TaGa1.5Al1.5Si2O14 composition were defect-free. Phase diagram of the Ca3TaGa3Si2O14-Ca3TaAl3Si2O14 pseudo-binary system and segregation phenomenon are discussed in some details. Homogeneity of the crystals was evaluated by measuring 2D-mapping of leaky surface acoustic wave (LSAW) velocities for Y-cut Ca3TaGa1.5Al1.5Si2O14 substrate. Although some inhomogeneities were observed due to slight variations in chemical composition, the crystal had acceptable homogeneity for applications in acoustic wave devices exhibiting the LSAW velocity variation within ±0.048%.

  9. Modulation of K(Ca)3.1 channels by eicosanoids, omega-3 fatty acids, and molecular determinants.

    PubMed

    Kacik, Michael; Oliván-Viguera, Aida; Köhler, Ralf

    2014-01-01

    Cytochrome P450- and ω-hydrolase products (epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), hydroxyeicosatetraeonic acid (20-HETE)), natural omega-3 fatty acids (ω3), and pentacyclic triterpenes have been proposed to contribute to a wide range of vaso-protective and anti-fibrotic/anti-cancer signaling pathways including the modulation of membrane ion channels. Here we studied the modulation of intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)/calmodulin-regulated K(+) channels (K(Ca)3.1) by EETs, 20-HETE, ω3, and pentacyclic triterpenes and the structural requirements of these fatty acids to exert channel blockade. We studied modulation of cloned human hK(Ca)3.1 and the mutant hK(Ca)3.1(V275A) in HEK-293 cells, of rK(Ca)3.1 in aortic endothelial cells, and of mK(Ca)3.1 in 3T3-fibroblasts by inside-out and whole-cell patch-clamp experiments, respectively. In inside-out patches, Ca(2+)-activated hK(Ca)3.1 were inhibited by the ω3, DHA and α-LA, and the ω6, AA, in the lower µmolar range and with similar potencies. 5,6-EET, 8,9-EET, 5,6-DiHETE, and saturated arachidic acid, had no appreciable effects. In contrast, 14,15-EET, its stable derivative, 14,15-EEZE, and 20-HETE produced channel inhibition. 11,12-EET displayed less inhibitory activity. The K(Ca)3.1(V275A) mutant channel was insensitive to any of the blocking EETs. Non-blocking 5,6-EET antagonized the inhibition caused by AA and augmented cloned hK(Ca)3.1 and rK(Ca)3.1 whole-cell currents. Pentacyclic triterpenes did not modulate K(Ca)3.1 currents. Inhibition of K(Ca)3.1 by EETs (14,15-EET), 20-HETE, and ω3 critically depended on the presence of electron double bonds and hydrophobicity within the 10 carbons preceding the carboxyl-head of the molecules. From the physiological perspective, metabolism of AA to non-blocking 5,6,- and 8,9-EET may cause AA-de-blockade and contribute to cellular signal transduction processes influenced by these fatty acids.

  10. Microwave Absorption Properties of La0.8Ca0.2-xAgxMnO3 (x=0.05; x=0.15) Synthesized by Sol-Gel Method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurniawan, B.; Laksmi, W.; Sahara, N. A.

    2018-04-01

    Microwave absorption properties of La0.8Ca0.2-xAgxMnO3 (x= 0.05; 0.15) is reported in this paper. Lanthanum manganite materials was reported as a potential absorber material [1][2][3]. In this paper, the material was synthesized by sol-gel method, calcined at 550°C, and sintered at 900°C. The material was characterized by X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD), and we found that the materials were single phased. Through SEM-EDS characterization it is found that the materials have compositional purity. The resistivity of the materials is obtained by four point probe method, and it is shown that Ag doped decreases the resistivity of the materials. Reflection loss of La0.8Ca0.15Ag0.05MnO3 reaches -4.470 dB and La0.8Ca0.05Ag0.15MnO3 reaches - 7.953 dB.

  11. CaCO3-III and CaCO3-VI, high-pressure polymorphs of calcite: Possible host structures for carbon in the Earth's mantle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merlini, M.; Hanfland, M.; Crichton, W. A.

    2012-06-01

    Calcite, CaCO3, undergoes several high pressure phase transitions. We report here the crystal structure determination of the CaCO3-III and CaCO3-VI high-pressure polymorphs obtained by single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction. This new technical development at synchrotron beamlines currently affords the possibility of collecting single-crystal data suitable for structure determination in-situ at non-ambient conditions, even after multiphase transitions. CaCO3-III, observed in the pressure range 2.5-15 GPa, is triclinic, and it presents two closely related structural modifications, one, CaCO3-III, with 50 atoms in the unit cell [a=6.281(1) Å, b=7.507(2) Å, c=12.516(3) Å, α=93.76(2)°, β=98.95(2)°, γ=106.49(2)°, V=555.26(20) Å3 at 2.8 GPa], the second, CaCO3-IIIb, with 20 atoms [a=6.144(3) Å, b=6.3715(14) Å, c=6.3759(15) Å, α= 93.84(2)°, β=107.34(3)°, γ=107.16(3)°, V=224.33(13) Å3 at 3.1 GPa]. Different pressure-time experimental paths can stabilise one or the other polymorph. Both structures are characterised by the presence of non-coplanar CO3 groups. The densities of CaCO3-III (2.99 g/cm3 at 2.8 GPa) and CaCO3-IIIb (2.96 g/cm3 at 3.1 GPa) are lower than aragonite, in agreement with the currently accepted view of aragonite as the thermodynamically stable Ca-carbonate phase at these pressures. The presence of different cation sites, with variable volume and coordination number (7-9), suggests however that these structures have the potential to accommodate cations with different sizes without introducing major structural strain. Indeed, this structure can be adopted by natural Ca-rich carbonates, which often exhibit compositions deviating from pure calcite. Mg-calcites are found both in nature (Frezzotti et al., 2011) and in experimental syntheses at conditions corresponding to deep subduction environments (Poli et al., 2009). At these conditions, the low pressure rhombohedral calcite structure is most unlikely to be stable, and, at the same

  12. Factors influencing pre-operative urinary calcium excretion in primary hyperparathyroidism.

    PubMed

    Kaderli, Reto M; Riss, Philipp; Geroldinger, Angelika; Selberherr, Andreas; Scheuba, Christian; Niederle, Bruno

    2017-07-01

    Normal or elevated 24-hour urinary calcium (Ca) excretion is a diagnostic marker in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). It is used to distinguish familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia (FHH) from PHPT by calculating the Ca/creatinine clearance ratio (CCCR). The variance of CCCR in patients with PHPT is considerable. The aim of this study was to analyse the parameters affecting CCCR in patients with PHPT. The data were collected prospectively. Patients with sporadic PHPT undergoing successful surgery were included in a retrospective analysis. The analysis covered 381 patients with pre-operative workup 2 days before removal of a solitary parathyroid adenoma. The impact of serum Ca and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH D3) on CCCR. The coefficient of determination (R 2 ) in the multivariable model for CCCR consisting of age, Ca, 25-OH D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2 D3), testosterone (separately for males and females), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and osteocalcin was 25.8%. The only significant parameters in the multivariable analysis were 1,25-(OH)2 D3 and osteocalcin with a drop in R 2 of 15.4% (P<.001) and 2.4% (P=.006), respectively. Bone mineral densities at the lumbar spine, distal radius and left femoral neck were not associated with CCCR (r=-.08, r=-.10 and r=-0.09). In multivariable analysis, 1,25-(OH)2 D3 and osteocalcin were the only factors correlating with CCCR. Vitamin D3 replacement may therefore impair the diagnostic value of CCCR and increase the importance of close monitoring of urinary Ca excretion during treatment. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Synthesis and luminescence characterization of Pr3+ doped Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vidyadharan, Viji; Mani, Kamal P.; Sajna, M. S.; Joseph, Cyriac; Unnikrishnan, N. V.; Biju, P. R.

    2014-12-01

    Luminescence properties of Pr3+ activated Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphors synthesized by solid state reaction method are reported in this work. Blue, orange red and red emissions were observed in the Pr3+ doped sample under 444 nm excitation and these emissions are assigned as 3P0 → 3H4, 3P0 → 3H6 and 3P0 → 3F4 transitions. The emission intensity shows a maximum corresponding to the 0.5 wt% Pr3+ ion. The decay analysis was done for 0.05 and 0.5 wt% Pr3+ doped samples for the transition 3P0 → 3H6. The life times of 0.05 and 0.5 wt% Pr3+ doped samples were calculated by fitting to exponential and non-exponential curve respectively, and are found to be 156 and 105 μs respectively. The non-exponential behaviour arises due to the statistical distribution of the distances between the ground state Pr3+ ions and excited state Pr3+ ions, which cause the inhomogeneous energy transfer rate. The XRD spectrum confirmed the triclinic phase of the prepared phosphors. The compositions of the samples were determined by the energy dispersive X-ray spectra. From the SEM images it is observed that the particles are agglomerated and are irregularly shaped. IR absorption bands were assigned to different vibrational modes. The well resolved peaks shown in the absorption spectra are identical to the excitation spectra of the phosphor samples. Pr3+ activated Sr1.5Ca0.5SiO4 phosphors can be efficiently excited with 444 nm irradiation and emit multicolour visible emissions. From the CIE diagram it can be seen that the prepared phosphor samples give yellowish-green emission.

  14. Does the pre-operative serum phosphate level predict early hypocalcaemia following parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism?

    PubMed

    Ellul, David; Townsley, Richard Brendan; Clark, Louise Jane

    2013-06-01

    Hypocalcaemia is a significant post-operative complication following parathyroidectomy. Early identification of risk factors can help pre-empt hypocalcaemia and avoid serious sequelae. It can also help identify those patients that are not suitable for day-case surgery. The aim of this study was to analyse the predictive value of the pre-operative serum phosphate level as an indicator for developing hypocalcaemia post-operatively in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism. We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent parathyroidectomy between 2008 and 2010 at the Southern General Hospital in Glasgow. Data collected included the number of parathyroid glands excised and their histology, pre-operative adjusted calcium (aCa) and phosphate levels, post-operative aCa at 6 and 24 h following surgery, and the fall in aCa levels in the first 6 h and 24 h following surgery. Minitab Statistical Analysis (Version 15) was used for data analysis. Fifty-six patients underwent parathyroidectomy in the study period. Twelve patients were excluded for various reasons including incomplete records and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Patients given calcium or Vitamin D supplements immediately post-operatively were also excluded. Statistical analysis showed no significant correlation between the pre-operative phosphate level and the post-operative decline in aCa level 6 h or 24 h following surgery. Patients with a lower phosphate level pre-operatively were not at risk of a more drastic fall in calcium levels following parathyroidectomy. The pre-operative phosphate level was not found to be predictive of post-operative hypocalcaemia in our study. Copyright © 2012 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. 10. "TEST STAND 15, AIR FORCE FLIGHT TEST CENTER." ca. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. "TEST STAND 1-5, AIR FORCE FLIGHT TEST CENTER." ca. 1958. Test Area 1-115. Original is a color print, showing Test Stand 1-5 from below, also showing the superstructure of TS1-4 at left. - Edwards Air Force Base, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Leuhman Ridge near Highways 58 & 395, Boron, Kern County, CA

  16. Human gallbladder carcinoma: Role of neurotrophins, MIB-1, CD34 and CA15-3

    PubMed Central

    Artico, M.; Bronzetti, E.; Alicino, V.; Ionta, B.; Bosco, S.; Grande, C.; Bruno, M.; Tranquilli Leali, F. M.; Ionta, G.; Fumagalli, L.

    2010-01-01

    Gallbladder carcinoma is the most common biliary tract tumor and the fifth most common gastrointestinal tract cancer. The prognosis of gallbladder carcinoma is poor and less than 5% of the patients are still alive five years postoperatively. Gallbladder specimens were obtained during surgical operations performed in eleven patients for resection of a gallbladder carcinoma, and during five autopsies (control cases selected among patients who died from for other causes, excluding those suffering from biliary or hepatic diseases). Immunohistochemical characterization and distribution of neurotrophins, with their respective receptors, were analyzed. The actual role played by these neurotrophic factors in the general regulation, vascular permeability, algic responsiveness, release of locally active substances and potential tumorigenesis in the gallbladder and biliary ducts compartment remains controversial. Our study revealed an increased immunohistochemical expression of NGF and TrKA in the epithelium and in the epithelial glands of the gallbladder carcinoma together with an evident immunoreactivity for BDNF in the same neoplastic areas. An evident immunoreactivity for NGF, TrKA and BDNF was observed in control specimens of gallbladder obtained during autopsies, whereas a weak or quite absent immunoreactivity was observed in the same specimens for NT4, TrKC and p75. On the contrary an appreciable immunoreactivity for p75 was observed in the specimens harvested from patients with gallbladder carcinoma. We also investigated the expression of some known tumor markers such as MIB-1 (anti Ki-67), CD34 and CA15-3, to identify a possible correlation between the expression of these molecular factors and the prognosis of gallbladder carcinoma. They resulted highly expressed in the stroma (CD34 and CA 15-3) and in the epithelium/epithelial glands (MIB-1) of the neoplastic areas and appeared to be almost absent in the control cases, suggesting that these markers, taken together

  17. Human gallbladder carcinoma: Role of neurotrophins, MIB-1, CD34 and CA15-3.

    PubMed

    Artico, M; Bronzetti, E; Alicino, V; Ionta, B; Bosco, S; Grande, C; Bruno, M; Tranquilli Leali, F M; Ionta, G; Fumagalli, L

    2010-03-11

    Gallbladder carcinoma is the most common biliary tract tumor and the fifth most common gastrointestinal tract cancer .The prognosis of gallbladder carcinoma is poor and less than 5% of the patients are still alive five years postoperatively. Gallbladder specimens were obtained during surgical operations performed in eleven patients for resection of a gallbladder carcinoma, and during five autopsies (control cases selected among patients who died from for other causes, excluding those suffering from biliary or hepatic diseases). Immunohistochemical characterization and distribution of neurotrophins, with their respective receptors, were analyzed. The actual role played by these neurotrophic factors in the general regulation, vascular permeability, algic responsiveness, release of locally active substances and potential tumorigenesis in the gallbladder and biliary ducts compartment remains controversial. Our study revealed an increased immunohistochemical expression of NGF and TrKA in the epithelium and in the epithelial glands of the gallbladder carcinoma together with an evident immunoreactivity for BDNF in the same neoplastic areas. An evident immunoreactivity for NGF, TrKA and BDNF was observed in control specimens of gallbladder obtained during autopsies, whereas a weak or quite absent immunoreactivity was observed in the same specimens for NT4, TrKC and p75. On the contrary an appreciable immunoreactivity for p75 was observed in the specimens harvested from patients with gallbladder carcinoma. We also investigated the expression of some known tumor markers such as MIB-1 (anti Ki-67), CD34 and CA15-3, to identify a possible correlation between the expression of these molecular factors and the prognosis of gallbladder carcinoma. They resulted highly expressed in the stroma (CD34 and CA 15-3) and in the epithelium/epithelial glands (MIB-1) of the neoplastic areas and appeared to be almost absent in the control cases, suggesting that these markers, taken together

  18. High-temperature crystal chemistry of layered calcium borosilicates: CaBSiO4(OH) (datolite), Ca4B5Si3O15(OH)5 (`bakerite') and Ca2B2SiO7 (synthetic analogue of okayamalite)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krzhizhanovskaya, Maria G.; Gorelova, L. A.; Bubnova, R. S.; Pekov, I. V.; Krivovichev, S. V.

    2018-05-01

    The high-temperature behaviour of three Ca borosilicates has been studied by in situ powder high-temperature X-ray diffraction (HTXRD), differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry in the temperature range 30-900 °C for natural samples of datolite, CaBSiO4(OH), and `bakerite', Ca4B5Si3O15(OH)5, and a synthetic analogue of okayamalite, Ca2B2SiO7. The latter was obtained by heating datolite at 800 °C for 5 h. Datolite and bakerite start to dehydroxylate above 700 and 500 °C, respectively, and decompose fully to form a high-temperature modification of okayamalite, HT-Ca2B2SiO7, and wollastonite, CaSiO3 at about 730 °C. Above 900 °C, HT-okayamalite decomposes with the formation of wollastonite, CaSiO3, and metaborate CaB2O4. The latter melts at about 990 °C. Above 1000 °C, only the existence of wollastonite, CaSiO3 and cristobalite, SiO2 was observed. According to the HTXRD data, in the temperature range 30-500 °C, datolite and `bakerite' demonstrate very similar and relatively low volumetric thermal expansion: α v = 29 and 27 × 10-6 °C-1, respectively. A high thermal expansion anisotropy ( α max/ α min 3) is caused by both the layered character of the crystal structures and the shear deformations of their monoclinic unit cells. The direction of maximum expansion is intermediate between the normal direction to the layers and the ( a + c) vector. A possible transformation mechanism from the datolite to the okayamalite structure topology is proposed from geometrical considerations. The synthetic analogue of okayamalite, Ca2B2SiO7, undergoes a reversible polymorphic transition at about 550 °C with a decrease in symmetry from tetragonal to orthorhombic. The crystal structure of the high-temperature (HT) modification of okayamalite was solved from the powder-diffraction data [900 °C: P21212, a = 7.3361(4), b = 7.1987(4), c = 4.8619(4) Å, V = 256.76(3) Å3, R wp = 6.61, R Bragg = 2.68%].

  19. The 3R polymorph of CaSi{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect

    Nedumkandathil, Reji; Benson, Daryn E.; Grins, Jekabs

    The Zintl phase CaSi{sub 2} commonly occurs in the 6R structure where puckered hexagon layers of Si atoms are stacked in an AA′BB′CC′ fashion. In this study we show that sintering of CaSi{sub 2} in a hydrogen atmosphere (30 bar) at temperatures between 200 and 700 °C transforms 6R-CaSi{sub 2} quantitatively into 3R-CaSi{sub 2}. In the 3R polymorph (space group R-3m (no. 166), a=3.8284(1), c=15.8966(4), Z=3) puckered hexagon layers are stacked in an ABC fashion. The volume per formula unit is about 3% larger compared to 6R-CaSi{sub 2}. First principles density functional calculations reveal that 6R and 3R-CaSi{sub 2} aremore » energetically degenerate at zero Kelvin. With increasing temperature 6R-CaSi{sub 2} stabilizes over 3R because of its higher entropy. This suggests that 3R-CaSi{sub 2} should revert to 6R at elevated temperatures, which however is not observed up to 800 °C. 3R-CaSi{sub 2} may be stabilized by small amounts of incorporated hydrogen and/or defects. - Graphical abstract: The common 6R form of CaSi{sub 2} can be transformed quantitatively into 3R-CaSi{sub 2} upon sintering in a hydrogen atmosphere. - Highlights: • Quantitative and reproducible bulk synthesis of the rare 3R polymorph of CaSi{sub 2}. • Clarification of the energetic relation between 3R and conventional 6R form. • 3R-CaSi{sub 2} is presumably stabilized by small amounts of incorporated hydrogen and/or defects.« less

  20. High-pressure compressibility and vibrational properties of (Ca,Mn)CO 3

    DOE PAGES

    Liu, Jin; Caracas, Razvan; Fan, Dawei; ...

    2016-12-01

    Knowledge of potential carbon carriers such as carbonates is critical for our understanding of the deep-carbon cycle and related geological processes within the planet. Here we investigated the high-pressure behavior of (Ca,Mn)CO 3 up to 75 GPa by synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction, laser Raman spectroscopy, and theoretical calculations. MnCO 3-rich carbonate underwent a structural phase transition from the CaCO 3-I structure into the CaCO 3-VI structure at 45–48 GPa, while CaCO 3-rich carbonate transformed into CaCO 3-III and CaCO 3-VI at approximately 2 and 15 GPa, respectively. The equation of state and vibrational properties of MnCO 3-rich and CaCO 3-richmore » carbonates changed dramatically across the phase transition. The CaCO 3-VI-structured CaCO 3-rich and MnCO 3-rich carbonates were stable at room temperature up to at least 53 and 75 GPa, respectively. In conclusion, the addition of smaller cations (e.g., Mn 2+, Mg 2+, and Fe 2+) can enlarge the stability field of the CaCO 3-I phase as well as increase the pressure of the structural transition into the CaCO 3-VI phase.« less

  1. Safety and efficacy of preoperative or postoperative chemotherapy for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PACT-15): a randomised, open-label, phase 2-3 trial.

    PubMed

    Reni, Michele; Balzano, Gianpaolo; Zanon, Silvia; Zerbi, Alessandro; Rimassa, Lorenza; Castoldi, Renato; Pinelli, Domenico; Mosconi, Stefania; Doglioni, Claudio; Chiaravalli, Marta; Pircher, Chiara; Arcidiacono, Paolo Giorgio; Torri, Valter; Maggiora, Paola; Ceraulo, Domenica; Falconi, Massimo; Gianni, Luca

    2018-06-01

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma are known to metastasise early and a rationale exists for the investigation of preoperative chemotherapy in patients with resectable disease. We aimed to assess the role of combination chemotherapy in this setting in the PACT-15 trial. We did this randomised, open-label, phase 2-3 trial in ten hospitals in Italy. We report the phase 2 part here. Patients aged 18-75 years who were previously untreated for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, with Karnofsky performance status of more than 60, and pathologically confirmed stage I-II resectable disease were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1), with a minimisation algorithm that stratified treatment allocation by centre and concentrations of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9 ≤5 × upper limit of normal [ULN] vs >5 × ULN), to receive surgery followed by adjuvant gemcitabine 1000 mg/m 2 on days 1, 8, 15 every 4 weeks for six cycles (arm A), surgery followed by six cycles of adjuvant PEXG (cisplatin 30 mg/m 2 , epirubicin 30 mg/m 2 , and gemcitabine 800 mg/m 2 on days 1 and 15 every 4 weeks and capecitabine 1250 mg/m 2 on days 1-28; arm B), or three cycles of PEXG before and three cycles after surgery (arm C). Patients and investigators who gave treatments or assessed outcomes were not masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who were event-free at 1 year. The primary endpoint was analysed in the per-protocol population. Safety analysis was done for all patients receiving at least one dose of study treatment. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01150630. Between Oct 5, 2010, and May 30, 2015, 93 patients were randomly allocated to treatment. One centre was found to be non-compliant with the protocol, and all five patients at this centre were excluded from the study. Thus, 88 patients were included in the final study population: 26 in group A, 30 in group B, and 32 in group C. In the per

  2. White light emission and effect of annealing on the Ho{sup 3+}–Yb{sup 3+} codoped BaCa{sub 2}Al{sub 8}O{sub 15} phosphor

    SciTech Connect

    Kumari, Astha; Rai, Vineet Kumar, E-mail: vineetkrrai@yahoo.co.in

    Graphical abstract: The upconversion emission spectra of the Ho{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} doped/codoped BaCa{sub 2}Al{sub 8}O{sub 15} phosphors with different doping concentrations of Ho{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} ions along with UC emission spectrum of the white light emitting phosphor annealed at 800 °C. - Highlights: • BaCa{sub 2}Al{sub 8}O{sub 15} phosphors codoped with Ho{sup 3+}–Yb{sup 3+} have been prepared by combustion method. • Phosphor annealed at 800 °C, illuminate an intense white light upon NIR excitation. • The sample annealed at higher temperatures emits in the pure green region. • The colour emitted persists in the white region even at high pumpmore » power density. • Developed phosphor is suitable for making upconverters and WLEDs. - Abstract: The BaCa{sub 2}Al{sub 8}O{sub 15} (BCAO) phosphors codoped with suitable Ho{sup 3+}–Yb{sup 3+} dopant concentration prepared by combustion method illuminate an intense white light upon near infrared diode laser excitation. The structural analysis of the phosphors and the detection of impurity contents have been performed by using the X-Ray Diffraction, FESEM and FTIR analysis. The purity of white light emitted from the sample has been confirmed by the CIE chromaticity diagram. Also, the white light emitted from the sample persists with the variation of pump power density. The phosphors emit upconversion (UC) emission bands in the blue, green and red region (three primary colours required for white light emission) along with one more band in the near infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. On annealing the white light emitting sample at higher temperatures, the sample starts to emit green colour and also the intensity of green and red UC emission bands get enhanced largely.« less

  3. IP/sub 3/ stimulates CA/sup + +/ efflux from fusogenic carrot protoplasts

    SciTech Connect

    Rincon, M.; Boss, W.F.

    1986-04-01

    Polyphosphoinositide breakdown plays an important role in signal transduction in animal cells (Berridge and Irvine, 1984, Nature, 312:315). Upon stimulation, phospholipase C hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP/sub 3/) and diacylglycerol both of which act as cellular second messengers. IP/sub 3/ mobilizes Ca/sup + +/ from internal stores, hence the cytosolic free Ca/sup + +/ concentration increases and those physiological activities regulated by Ca/sup + +/ are stimulated. To test if plant cells also responded to IP/sub 3/, Ca/sup + +/ efflux studies were done with fusogenic carrot protoplasts released in EGTA. The protoplasts were preloaded with /sup 45/Ca/supmore » + +/ placed in a Ca/sup + +/-free medium, and efflux determined as /sup 45/Ca/sup + +/ loss from the protoplasts. IP/sub 3/ (10-20..mu..M) caused enhanced /sup 45/Ca/sup + +/ efflux and the response was sustained for at least 15 min. In plants, as in animals, the observed IP/sub 3/-enhanced /sup 45/Ca/sup + +/ efflux suggested that IP/sub 3/ released Ca/sup + +/ from internal stores, and the increased free cytosolic Ca/sup + +/ activated Ca/sup + +/ pumping mechanisms which restored the Ca/sup + +/ concentration in the cytosol to the normal level.« less

  4. Postoperative sleep-disordered breathing in patients without preoperative sleep apnea.

    PubMed

    Chung, Frances; Liao, Pu; Yang, Yiliang; Andrawes, Maged; Kang, Weimin; Mokhlesi, Babak; Shapiro, Colin M

    2015-06-01

    Recently published data show that postoperative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is significantly increased in some patients without preoperative sleep apnea. These patients may be at risk of developing perioperative adverse events related to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence and predictors of postoperative moderate-to-severe SDB (AHI > 15 events/h) in patients without sleep apnea preoperatively. In a prospective observational fashion, patients were invited to undergo sleep studies with a portable device (Embletta X100) preoperatively at home and postoperatively on the first and third night after surgery in the hospital or at home. The primary outcome was the incidence of postoperative moderate-to-severe SDB (AHI > 15 events/h) in non-sleep apnea patients (preoperative AHI ≤ 5 events/h). Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of clinical factors and preoperative sleep parameters with the occurrence of postoperative moderate-to-severe SDB. A total of 120 non-sleep apnea patients completed the study, of which 31 (25.8% [95% confidence interval: 18.3%-34.6%]) patients were found to have AHI > 15 events/h on postoperative night 1 and/or postoperative night 3 (postoperative SDB group), and 89 (74%) patients had an AHI ≤ 15 events/h on both postoperative night 1 and 3 (postoperative non-SDB group). The patients in the postoperative SDB group were older (60 ± 13 vs 53 ± 12 years, P = 0.008) with more smokers (32.3% vs 15.7%, P = 0.048) and had a greater increase in the obstructive apnea index (adjusted P = 0.0003), central apnea index (adjusted P = 0.0012), and hypopnea index (adjusted P = 0.0004). Multivariate logistic regression analysis found that age and preoperative respiratory disturbance index (RDI) were significantly associated with the occurrence of postoperative moderate-to-severe SDB, P = 0.018 and P = 0.006, respectively. The sensitivity privilege cutoff of RDI at 4.9 events

  5. Enhanced photoluminescence and thermal stability of divalent ions (Zn2+, Mg2+) assisted CaTiO3:Eu3+ perovskite phosphors for lighting applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Dhananjay Kumar; Manam, J.

    2018-03-01

    Current study proposes the improved red emission of Zn2+ and Mg2+ ions incorporated CaTiO3:Eu3+ phosphors synthesized via the well-known solid-state reaction method. Under the 397 nm UV excitation, the Zn2+- and Mg2+-incorporated CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+ phosphor having orthorhombic structure with space group Pbnm exhibited an intense red emission at 619 nm. This can be credited to the hypersensitive 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+ ions, which is also indicative of the fact that the Eu3+ ions populated the non-inversion symmetry sites in the CaTiO3 lattices. The optimized composition CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+, 0.20Zn2+ and CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+, 0.10Mg2+ phosphors, pronounces in a magnificent enhancement of PL intensity by 5.5 and 2.5 times, respectively, as compared to CaTiO3:0.15 Eu3+ phosphor. From the temperature-dependent emission spectra, ΔEa were enunciated to be 0.101 and 0.086 eV for CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+, 0.20Zn2+ and CaTiO3:0.15Eu3+, 0.10Mg2+ phosphors, respectively, for thermal quenching. In addition, it can be better understood as related to the adequate thermal stability of 60% even at 450 and 420 K, respectively. Furthermore, the Judd-Ofelt theory was used to study the radiative intensity parameters of Eu3+ ions in the CaTiO3 lattices. The experimental results incited the bright prospects of synthesized ceramics as a promising candidate for lighting applications.

  6. Curcumin Analogue CA15 Exhibits Anticancer Effects on HEp-2 Cells via Targeting NF-κB.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jian; Zhang, Linlin; Shu, Yilai; Chen, Liping; Zhu, Min; Yao, Song; Wang, Jiabing; Wu, Jianzhang; Liang, Guang; Wu, Haitao; Li, Wulan

    2017-01-01

    Laryngeal carcinoma remains one of the most common malignancies, and curcumin has been proven to be effective against head and neck cancers in vitro. However, it has not yet been applied in clinical settings due to its low stability. In the current study, we synthesized 34 monocarbonyl analogues of curcumin with stable structures. CA15, which exhibited a stronger inhibited effect on laryngeal cancer cells HEp-2 but a lower toxicity on hepatic cells HL-7702 in MTT assay, was selected for further analysis. The effects of CA15 on cell viability, proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and NF- κ B activation were measured using MTT, Transwell migration, flow cytometry, Western blot, and immunofluorescence assays in HEp-2 cells. An NF- κ B inhibitor, BMS-345541, as well as curcumin was also tested. Results showed that CA15 induced decreased toxicity towards HL-7702 cells compared to curcumin and BMS-345541. However, similar to BMS-345541 and curcumin, CA15 not only significantly inhibited proliferation and migration and induced caspase-3-dependent apoptosis but also attenuated TNF- α -induced NF- κ B activation in HEp-2 cells. These results demonstrated that curcumin analogue CA15 exhibited anticancer effects on laryngeal cancer cells via targeting of NF- κ B.

  7. Curcumin Analogue CA15 Exhibits Anticancer Effects on HEp-2 Cells via Targeting NF-κB

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Linlin; Chen, Liping; Zhu, Min; Yao, Song; Wang, Jiabing; Wu, Jianzhang; Liang, Guang

    2017-01-01

    Laryngeal carcinoma remains one of the most common malignancies, and curcumin has been proven to be effective against head and neck cancers in vitro. However, it has not yet been applied in clinical settings due to its low stability. In the current study, we synthesized 34 monocarbonyl analogues of curcumin with stable structures. CA15, which exhibited a stronger inhibited effect on laryngeal cancer cells HEp-2 but a lower toxicity on hepatic cells HL-7702 in MTT assay, was selected for further analysis. The effects of CA15 on cell viability, proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and NF-κB activation were measured using MTT, Transwell migration, flow cytometry, Western blot, and immunofluorescence assays in HEp-2 cells. An NF-κB inhibitor, BMS-345541, as well as curcumin was also tested. Results showed that CA15 induced decreased toxicity towards HL-7702 cells compared to curcumin and BMS-345541. However, similar to BMS-345541 and curcumin, CA15 not only significantly inhibited proliferation and migration and induced caspase-3-dependent apoptosis but also attenuated TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation in HEp-2 cells. These results demonstrated that curcumin analogue CA15 exhibited anticancer effects on laryngeal cancer cells via targeting of NF-κB. PMID:28409156

  8. An Accreting Protoplanet: Confirmation and Characterization of LkCa15b

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Follette, Katherine; Close, Laird; Males, Jared; Macintosh, Bruce; Sallum, Stephanie; Eisner, Josh; Kratter, Kaitlin M.; Morzinski, Katie; Hinz, Phil; Weinberger, Alycia; Rodigas, Timothy J.; Skemer, Andrew; Bailey, Vanessa; Vaz, Amali; Defrere, Denis; spalding, eckhart; Tuthill, Peter

    2015-12-01

    We present a visible light adaptive optics direct imaging detection of a faint point source separated by just 93 milliarcseconds (~15 AU) from the young star LkCa 15. Using Magellan AO's visible light camera in Simultaneous Differential Imaging (SDI) mode, we imaged the star at Hydrogen alpha and in the neighboring continuum as part of the Giant Accreting Protoplanet Survey (GAPplanetS) in November 2015. The continuum images provide a sensitive and simultaneous probe of PSF residuals and instrumental artifacts, allowing us to isolate H-alpha accretion luminosity from the LkCa 15b protoplanet, which lies well inside of the LkCa15 transition disk gap. This detection, combined with a nearly simultaneous near-infrared detection with the Large Binocular Telescope, provides an unprecedented glimpse at a planetary system during epoch of planet formation. [Nature result in press. Please embargo until released

  9. Interface ferromagnetism in oxide superlattices of CaMnO3/CaRuO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, K. S.; Kawasaki, M.; Tokura, Y.

    2001-08-01

    Oxide superlattices composed of antiferromagnetic insulator layers of CaMnO3 (10 unit cells) and paramagnetic metal layers of CaRuO3 (N unit cells) were fabricated on LaAlO3 substrates by pulsed-laser deposition. All the superlattices show ferromagnetic transitions at an almost identical temperature (TC˜95 K) and negative magnetoresistance below TC. Each magnetization and magnetoconductance of the whole superlattice at 5 K is constant and independent of CaRuO3 layer thickness when normalized by the number of the interfaces between CaMnO3 and CaRuO3. These results indicate that the ferromagnetism shows up only at the interface and is responsible for the magnetoresistance.

  10. PIK3CA Mutations in Mucinous Cystic Neoplasms of the Pancreas

    PubMed Central

    Garcia-Carracedo, Dario; Chen, Zong-Ming; Qiu, Wanglong; Huang, Alicia S.; Tang, Sophia M.; Hruban, Ralph H.; Su, Gloria H.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) are rare, potentially curable, mucin-producing neoplasms of the pancreas. We have previously reported PIK3CA (phosphoinositide-3-kinase catalytic subunit, p110α) mutations in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, another mucin-producing neoplasm of the pancreas. In this study, we analyzed the presence of PIK3CA and AKT1/PKB (V-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1) hot-spot mutations in MCN specimens. Methods Using the genomic DNA sequencing of tumor tissues isolated by laser capture microdissection, we evaluated 15 well-characterized MCNs for the E542K, E545K(exon 9), and H1047R (exon 20) hot-spotmutations in the PIK3CA gene and the E17K mutation in the AKT1 gene. Results A hot-spotmutation (E545K) of the PIK3CA gene was detected in 1 of the 15 MCNs and further confirmed by a mutant-enriched method. Interestingly, this mutation was found to be present only in the high-grade but not in low-grade dysplastic epithelium obtained from this neoplasm and coexisted with a KRASG12D mutation. No mutations were identified in the AKT1 gene. Conclusions Our data, when combined with previous reports on intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, indicate that oncogenic activation of the PI3K pathway involving PIK3CA gene mutations can contribute to the progression of mucin-producing neoplasms but not pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia. PIK3CA status could be useful for understanding their progression to malignancy. PMID:24518503

  11. Interfacial Ferromagnetism and Exchange Bias in CaRuO3/CaMnO3 Superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, C.; Grutter, A. J.; Gu, M.; Browning, N. D.; Takamura, Y.; Kirby, B. J.; Borchers, J. A.; Kim, J. W.; Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Zhai, X.; Mehta, V. V.; Wong, F. J.; Suzuki, Y.

    2012-11-01

    We have found ferromagnetism in epitaxially grown superlattices of CaRuO3/CaMnO3 that arises in one unit cell at the interface. Scanning transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy indicate that the difference in magnitude of the Mn valence states between the center of the CaMnO3 layer and the interface region is consistent with double exchange interaction among the Mn ions at the interface. Polarized neutron reflectivity and the CaMnO3 thickness dependence of the exchange bias field together indicate that the interfacial ferromagnetism is only limited to one unit cell of CaMnO3 at each interface. The interfacial moment alternates between the 1μB/interface Mn ion for even CaMnO3 layers and the 0.5μB/interface Mn ion for odd CaMnO3 layers. This modulation, combined with the exchange bias, suggests the presence of a modulating interlayer coupling between neighboring ferromagnetic interfaces via the antiferromagnetic CaMnO3 layers.

  12. The prognostic significance of preoperative serum cancer antigen 15-3 levels in endometrial carcinomas

    PubMed Central

    Tas, Emre E.; Yavuz, Ayse F.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the associations between serum cancer antigen 15-3 levels and prognostic factors in patients with endometrial carcinomas. Additionally, we investigated the clinical utility of serum cancer antigen 15-3 levels in the selection of low-risk patients with endometrioid type, tumor size <2 cm, myometrial invasion ≤50%, and histological grade 1-2. Methods: Ninety-six patients, who were surgically staged at Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey, between 2007 and 2016, were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic, clinical, and surgical characteristics were retrieved from the patients’ hospital records. A p<0.05 was considered significant. Results: Fifteen patients had advanced (≥Stage II) disease, 14 patients had Type 2 histology, 20 patients had Grade 3 tumors, 23 patients had lymphovascular space invasion, and 10 patients had positive lymph node involvement. Serum cancer antigen 15-3 levels were significantly higher in patients with advanced (≥Stage II) disease, Type 2 histology, Grade 3 tumors, lymp°hovascular space invasion, and positive lymph node involvement (p<0.05). Serum cancer antigen 15-3 levels were also significantly correlated with tumor size (p=0.006). Serum cancer antigen 15-3 levels were significantly lower (95% confidence interval: 0.57−0.79; p=0.03) in low-risk patients compared to other endometrial carcinoma patients. A cutoff of 25.0 IU/mL was used to identify high-risk patients with a specificity of 100%. Conclusion: Serum cancer antigen 15-3 levels significantly correlated with prognostic factors and were a useful diagnostic tool for endometrial carcinomas. PMID:29114696

  13. Functional comparison of the reverse mode of Na+/Ca2+ exchangers NCX1.1 and NCX1.5 expressed in CHO cells.

    PubMed

    Long, Yan; Wang, Wei-ping; Yuan, Hui; Ma, Shi-ping; Feng, Nan; Wang, Ling; Wang, Xiao-liang

    2013-05-01

    To investigate the reverse mode function of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchangers NCX1.1 and NCX1.5 expressed in CHO cells as well as their modulations by PKC and PKA. CHO-K1 cells were transfected with pcDNA3.1 (+) plasmid carrying cDNA of rat cardiac NCX1.1 and brain NCX1.5. The expression of NCX1.1 and NCX1.5 was examined using Western blot analysis. The intracellular Ca(2+) level ([Ca(2+)]i) was measured using Ca(2+) imaging. Whole-cell NCX currents were recorded using patch-clamp technique. Reverse mode NCX activity was elicited by perfusion with Na(+)-free medium. Ca(2+) paradox was induced by Ca(2+)-free EBSS medium, followed by Ca(2+)-containing solution (1.8 or 3.8 mmol/L CaCl2). The protein levels of NCX1.1 and NCX1.5 expressed in CHO cells had no significant difference. The reverse modes of NCX1.1 and NCX1.5 in CHO cells exhibited a transient increase of [Ca(2+)]i, which was followed by a Ca(2+) level plateau at higher external Ca(2+) concentrations. In contrast, the wild type CHO cells showed a steady increase of [Ca(2+)]i at higher external Ca(2+) concentrations. The PKC activator PMA (0.3-10 μmol/L) and PKA activator 8-Br-cAMP (10-100 μmol/L) significantly enhanced the reverse mode activity of NCX1.1 and NCX1.5 in CHO cells. NCX1.1 was 2.4-fold more sensitive to PKC activation than NCX1.5, whereas the sensitivity of the two NCX isoforms to PKA activation had no difference. Both PKC- and PKA-enhanced NCX reverse mode activities in CHO cells were suppressed by NCX inhibitor KB-R7943 (30 μmol/L). Both NCX1.1 and NCX1.5 are functional in regulating and maintaining stable [Ca(2+)]i in CHO cells and differentially regulated by PKA and PKC. The two NCX isoforms might be useful drug targets for heart and brain protection.

  14. Microstructures and Mechanical Study of Mg Alloy Foam Based on Mg-Zn-Ca-CaCO3 System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erryani, A.; Pramuji, F.; Annur, D.; Amal, M. I.; Kartika, I.

    2017-05-01

    Magnesium alloy, a material that has potential to use some applications such as aerospace components, computer parts, and mobile phones. Magnesium alloy can also be a popular candidate as an orthopedic implant material for biodegradability, non-toxicity, and mechanical and physical properties that are excellent. Magnesium, one of the main macro elements required for the proper functioning of the human organism, is used to test the materials for biodegradable implants. The main objective of this study was to find out the microstructure, and mechanical characteristics of the Mg-Ca-Zn-CaCO3 alloy as porous implant materials are biodegradable. The presence of CaCO3 on the alloy functions as a foaming agent expected to produce gas bubbles during manufacturing process taken place that will form pores in the alloy. Mg-Ca-Zn-CaCO3 alloy was made by powder metallurgy method with three variations of composition (96Mg-Ca-3Zn-CaCO3, 91Mg-Ca-3Zn-5CaCO3, and 86Mg-Ca-3Zn-10CaCO3 wt%). Milling process was by using a shaker mill for 2 hours to produce a powder size distribution which was more homogeneous. The mixed powder was uniaxially pressed at a pressure of 100 MPa for 2 minutes and 200 MPa for 3 minutes into green compacts with dimensions of 10 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length. The sintering process was carried out at 650°C with a variation of holding time of 10 and 15 hours, and then the specimens were cooled down at room temperature. Microstructural analysis was performed by using X-Ray diffraction technique and Scanning electron microscopy equipped with an energy disperse spectrometry (EDS). The mechanical characteristics were analyzed by using Universal Testing Machine. The density and porosity of specimen were further measured by using Archimedes method. The results show that the optimum microstructure and mechanical characteristics are the holding time of 10 hours. The value of compression was 208.398 N/mm2, the density was 1.63 g/cc and a porosity was 18% on the

  15. Stimulation-evoked Ca2+ signals in astrocytic processes at hippocampal CA3-CA1 synapses of adult mice are modulated by glutamate and ATP.

    PubMed

    Tang, Wannan; Szokol, Karolina; Jensen, Vidar; Enger, Rune; Trivedi, Chintan A; Hvalby, Øivind; Helm, P Johannes; Looger, Loren L; Sprengel, Rolf; Nagelhus, Erlend A

    2015-02-18

    To date, it has been difficult to reveal physiological Ca(2+) events occurring within the fine astrocytic processes of mature animals. The objective of the study was to explore whether neuronal activity evokes astrocytic Ca(2+) signals at glutamatergic synapses of adult mice. We stimulated the Schaffer collateral/commissural fibers in acute hippocampal slices from adult mice transduced with the genetically encoded Ca(2+) indicator GCaMP5E driven by the glial fibrillary acidic protein promoter. Two-photon imaging revealed global stimulation-evoked astrocytic Ca(2+) signals with distinct latencies, rise rates, and amplitudes in fine processes and somata. Specifically, the Ca(2+) signals in the processes were faster and of higher amplitude than those in the somata. A combination of P2 purinergic and group I/II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonists reduced the amplitude of the Ca(2+) transients by 30-40% in both astrocytic compartments. Blockage of the mGluRs alone only modestly reduced the magnitude of the stimulation-evoked Ca(2+) signals in processes and failed to affect the somatic Ca(2+) response. Local application of group I or I/II mGluR agonists or adenosine triphosphate (ATP) elicited global astrocytic Ca(2+) signals that mimicked the stimulation-evoked astrocytic Ca(2+) responses. We conclude that stimulation-evoked Ca(2+) signals in astrocytic processes at CA3-CA1 synapses of adult mice (1) differ from those in astrocytic somata and (2) are modulated by glutamate and ATP. Copyright © 2015 the authors 0270-6474/15/353016-06$15.00/0.

  16. Transcription factor Sp1 regulates T-type Ca(2+) channel CaV 3.1 gene expression.

    PubMed

    González-Ramírez, Ricardo; Martínez-Hernández, Elizabeth; Sandoval, Alejandro; Felix, Ricardo

    2014-05-01

    Voltage-gated T-type Ca(2+) (CaV 3) channels mediate a number of physiological events in developing and mature cells, and are implicated in neurological and cardiovascular diseases. In mammals, there are three distinct T-channel genes (CACNA1G, CACNA1H, and CACNA1I) encoding proteins (CaV 3.1-CaV 3.3) that differ in their localization as well as in molecular, biophysical, and pharmacological properties. The CACNA1G is a large gene that contains 38 exons and is localized in chromosome 17q22. Only basic characteristics of the CACNA1G gene promoter region have been investigated classifying it as a TATA-less sequence containing several potential transcription factor-binding motifs. Here, we cloned and characterized a proximal promoter region and initiated the analysis of transcription factors that control CaV 3.1 channel expression using the murine Cacna1g gene as a model. We isolated a ∼1.5 kb 5'-upstream region of Cacna1g and verified its transcriptional activity in the mouse neuroblastoma N1E-115 cell line. In silico analysis revealed that this region possesses a TATA-less minimal promoter that includes two potential transcription start sites and four binding sites for the transcription factor Sp1. The ability of one of these sites to interact with the transcription factor was confirmed by electrophoretic mobility shift assays. Consistent with this, Sp1 over-expression enhanced promoter activity while siRNA-mediated Sp1 silencing significantly decreased the level of CaV 3.1 protein and reduced the amplitude of whole-cell T-type Ca(2+) currents expressed in the N1E-115 cells. These results provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms that control CaV 3.1 channel expression. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Photocatalyst of Perovskite CaTiO3 Nanopowder Synthesized from CaO derived from Snail Shell in Comparison with The Use of CaO and CaCO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fatimah, I.; Rahmadianti, Y.; Pudiasari, R. A.

    2018-04-01

    Calcium titanate belongs to the important group of compounds with a perovskite structure having high dielectric loss for various applications including photocatalysis mechanism. Refer to the principles of green chemistry, in this work preparation of CaTiO3 was conducted by using CaO derived from snail shell. Aim of this research are to study the physicochemical character of perovskite derived from snail shell and its comparison with CaO and CaCO3 as Ca sources. Material preparation was performed by solid reaction of Ca sources with TiO2 under comparison with CaO and CaCO3 precursors. Mixture of Ca sources with TiO2 in certain proportion were ground and calcined at the temperature of 200 °C for 2 hs. Materials were characterized by using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier Transform-Infra Red (FTIR) and the photocatalytic activity was tested by using methylene blue photooxidation. Perovskite synthesized using CaO derived from snail shell exhibits the similar XRD pattern with that were prepared by using CaO and CaCO3. From the photooxidation activity test, it is proven that CaTiO3 shows similar photocatalytic activity correspond to that were prepared by CaO and CaCO3. Utilazation of shell as agricultural waste of the synthesis of CaTiO3 perovskite is the novelty of this work. Furthermore, the study on material structure and photoactivity is the main focuses for the application in industry and environment.

  18. Possibilities of Preoperative Medical Models Made by 3D Printing or Additive Manufacturing.

    PubMed

    Salmi, Mika

    2016-01-01

    Most of the 3D printing applications of preoperative models have been focused on dental and craniomaxillofacial area. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the possibilities in other application areas and give examples of the current possibilities. The approach was to communicate with the surgeons with different fields about their needs related preoperative models and try to produce preoperative models that satisfy those needs. Ten different kinds of examples of possibilities were selected to be shown in this paper and aspects related imaging, 3D model reconstruction, 3D modeling, and 3D printing were presented. Examples were heart, ankle, backbone, knee, and pelvis with different processes and materials. Software types required were Osirix, 3Data Expert, and Rhinoceros. Different 3D printing processes were binder jetting and material extrusion. This paper presents a wide range of possibilities related to 3D printing of preoperative models. Surgeons should be aware of the new possibilities and in most cases help from mechanical engineering side is needed.

  19. Ferromagnetic CaRuO3

    PubMed Central

    Tripathi, Shivendra; Rana, Rakesh; Kumar, Sanjay; Pandey, Parul; Singh, R. S.; Rana, D. S.

    2014-01-01

    The non-magnetic and non-Fermi-liquid CaRuO3 is the iso-structural analog of the ferromagnetic (FM) and Fermi-liquid SrRuO3. We show that an FM order in the orthorhombic CaRuO3 can be established by the means of tensile epitaxial strain. The structural and magnetic property correlations in the CaRuO3 films formed on SrTiO3 (100) substrate establish a scaling relation between the FM moment and the tensile strain. The strain dependent crossover from non-magnetic to FM CaRuO3 was observed to be associated with switching of non-Fermi liquid to Fermi-liquid behavior. The intrinsic nature of this strain-induced FM order manifests in the Hall resistivity too; the anomalous Hall component realizes in FM tensile-strained CaRuO3 films on SrTiO3 (100) whereas the non-magnetic compressive-strained films on LaAlO3 (100) exhibit only the ordinary Hall effect. These observations of an elusive FM order are consistent with the theoretical predictions of scaling of the tensile epitaxial strain and the magnetic order in tensile CaRuO3. We further establish that the tensile strain is more efficient than the chemical route to induce FM order in CaRuO3. PMID:24464302

  20. Interfacial Ferromagnetism and Exchange Bias in CaRuO3/CaMnO3 Superlattices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-07

    microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy indicate that the difference in magnitude of the Mn valence states between the center of the CaMnO3 layer...CaMnO3 thickness dependence of the exchange bias field together indicate that the interfacial 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 13...superlattices of CaRuO3/CaMnO3 that arises in one unit cell at the interface. Scanning transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss

  1. Optical magnetoelectric effect at CaRuO3-CaMnO3 interfaces as a polar ferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamada, Hiroyuki; Sato, H.; Akoh, H.; Kida, N.; Arima, T.; Kawasaki, M.; Tokura, Y.

    2008-02-01

    A correlated electron interface between paramagnetic CaRuO3 and antiferromagnetic CaMnO3 has been characterized with optical magnetoelectric (OME) effect as an interface-selective probe for spin and charge states. To detect the OME effect, i.e., nonreciprocal directional dichroism for visible or near-infrared light, we have constructed a "tricolor" superlattice with artificially broken inversion symmetry by stacking CaRuO3, CaMnO3, and CaTiO3, and patterned a grating structure with 4μm period on the superlattice. The observed intensity modulation (0.3% at 50K) in the Bragg diffraction verifies a charge transfer and concomitant ferromagnetism at the CaRuO3-CaMnO3 interface.

  2. Far-infrared and dc magnetotransport of CaMnO3-CaRuO3 superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yordanov, P.; Boris, A. V.; Freeland, J. W.; Kavich, J. J.; Chakhalian, J.; Lee, H. N.; Keimer, B.

    2011-07-01

    We report temperature- and magnetic-field-dependent measurements of the dc resistivity and the far-infrared reflectivity (FIR) (photon energies ℏω=50-700 cm-1) of superlattices comprising ten consecutive unit cells of the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3, and four to ten unit cells of the correlated paramagnetic metal CaRuO3. Below the Néel temperature of CaMnO3, the dc resistivity exhibits a logarithmic divergence upon cooling, which is associated with a large negative, isotropic magnetoresistance. The ω→0 extrapolation of the resistivity extracted from the FIR reflectivity, on the other hand, shows a much weaker temperature and field dependence. We attribute this behavior to scattering of itinerant charge carriers in CaRuO3 from sparse, spatially isolated magnetic defects at the CaMnO3-CaRuO3 interfaces. This field-tunable “transport bottleneck” effect may prove useful for functional metal-oxide devices.

  3. [Usefulness of preoperative assay CEA and CA 19-9 in colorectal cancer patients].

    PubMed

    Grotowski, M; Maruszyński, M; Piechota, W

    2001-12-01

    Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA19-9) are well known tumor markers expressed by colorectal cancer (CRC), particularly in advanced cases. In this study serological expression of CEA and CA19-9 concerning different clinicopathological factors and sensitivity of diagnosis of CRC by combination of both markers were evaluated. Eighty one patients with diagnosed CRC were in this study included. According to Dukes' classification there were 11 in stage A, 34 in stage B, 17 in stage C and 19 in stage D. Blood samples were collected before operation. CEA and CA19-9 were determined by MEIA (normal range 0-3 ng/ml for CEA and 0-37 U/ml for CA19-9). The statistical analysis revealed that the CEA well correlated with histological type, liver metastasis and term of symptoms. The CA19-9 well correlated with liver metastasis, peritoneal dissemination, nodal involvement and cancer localization. The levels of CEA and CA19-9 increased with stage of the tumor, but only in stage D the difference was statistically significant (for CEA p = 0.005, for CA19-9 p = 0.039). At time of diagnosis 50.6% of the patients had elevated serum levels of CEA and 29.6% of CA19-9. In combination of both antigens this elevation was in 54.3% of CRC patients. The common use of CEA and CA19-9 was more efficacious in identification of patients at high risk. The combination assay of CEA and CA19-9 did not cause a significant increase of sensitivity in diagnosis CRC.

  4. Optical and vibrational spectroscopy of Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 modified lithium borate glass ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Viswanath, Pamarti; Prashanth, Sadhu Sai Pavan; Molli, Muralikrishna; Wicram, Jaschin Prem; Sai Muthukumar, V.

    2018-04-01

    Glass ceramics are excellent replacement for single crystalline materials which are expensive and difficult to fabricate. In this context, we have attempted to fabricate glass nanocomposites comprising of Lithium Borate glass matrix embedded with lead free ferroelectric Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 (BCZT). Both of these functional materials are known to exhibit excellent ferroelectric behavior and are currently explored for various device applications. We have prepared these novel glass nanocomposite using melt-quenching techniquein various chemical composition involving different molar ratio. x(Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3)-(1-x)(Li2O.2B2O3) where (x=0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4). The as-quenched samples exhibited amorphous nature as revealed by X-ray Diffraction studies. With the increase in BCZT content we have observed significant alteration in optical bandgap and Urbach energy. The tailoring of optical properties by tuning the structure was probed by Raman vibrational spectroscopy which confirmed the dominant role played by BCZT as a network modifier in these borate glasses. Concomitantly, these glass nanocomposites were found to be excellent UV absorbers.

  5. Preoperative Surgical Discussion and Information Retention by Patients.

    PubMed

    Feiner, David E; Rayan, Ghazi M

    2016-10-01

    To assess how much information communicated to patients is understood and retained after preoperative discussion of upper extremity procedures. A prospective study was designed by recruiting patients prior to undergoing upper extremity surgical procedures after a detailed discussion of their operative technique, postoperative care and treatment outcomes. Patients were given the same 20-item questionnaire to fill out twice, at two pre operative visits. An independent evaluator filled out a third questionnaire as a control. Various discussion points of the survey were compared among the 3 questionnaires and retained information and perceived comprehension were evaluated. The average patients' age was 50.3 (27-75) years The average time between the two surveys preoperative 1 and preoperative 2 was 40.7 (7-75) days,. The average patient had approximately 2 years of college or an associate's degree. Patients initially retained 73% (52-90%) of discussion points presented during preoperative 1 and 61% (36-85%) of the information at preoperative 2 p = .002. 50% of patients felt they understood 100% of the discussion, this dropped to only 10% at their preoperative 2 visit. 15% of our patients did not know what type of anesthesia they were having at preoperative 2. A communication barrier between patients and physicians exists when patients are informed about their preoperative surgical discussion. The retention of information presented is worsened with elapsing time from the initial preoperative discussion to the second preoperative visit immediately prior to surgery. Methods to enhance patients' retention of information prior to surgery must be sought and implemented which will improve patients' treatment outcome.

  6. Preoperative oral carbohydrate treatment attenuates endogenous glucose release 3 days after surgery.

    PubMed

    Soop, Mattias; Nygren, Jonas; Thorell, Anders; Weidenhielm, Lars; Lundberg, Mari; Hammarqvist, Folke; Ljungqvist, Olle

    2004-08-01

    Postoperative metabolism is characterised by insulin resistance and a negative whole-body nitrogen balance. Preoperative carbohydrate treatment reduces insulin resistance in the first day after surgery. We hypothesised that preoperative oral carbohydrate treatment attenuates insulin resistance and improves whole-body nitrogen balance 3 days after surgery. Fourteen patients undergoing total hip replacement were double-blindly randomised to preoperative oral carbohydrate treatment (12.5%, 800 + 400 ml, n = 8) or placebo (n = 6). Glucose kinetics (6,6-D2-glucose), substrate utilisation (indirect calorimetry) and insulin sensitivity (hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp) were measured preoperatively and on the third day after surgery. Nitrogen losses were monitored for 3 days after surgery. Values are mean (SEM). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistics were used. Endogenous glucose release during insulin infusion increased after surgery in the placebo group. Preoperative carbohydrate treatment, as compared to placebo, significantly attenuated postoperative endogenous glucose release (0.69 (0.07) vs. 1.21 (0.13)mg kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.01), while whole-body glucose disposal and nitrogen balance were similar between groups. While insulin resistance in the first day after surgery has previously been characterised by reduced glucose disposal, enhanced endogenous glucose release was the main component of postoperative insulin resistance on the third postoperative day. Preoperative carbohydrate treatment attenuated endogenous glucose release on the third postoperative day. Copyright 2004 Elsevier Ltd.

  7. Fabrication and Characterization of (100),(001)-Oriented Reduction-Resistant Lead-Free Piezoelectric (Ba,Ca)TiO3 Ceramics Using Platelike Seed Crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ichikawa, Hiroki; Sakamoto, Wataru; Akiyama, Yoshikazu; Maiwa, Hiroshi; Moriya, Makoto; Yogo, Toshinobu

    2013-09-01

    The preparation of reduction-resistant (Ba,Ca)TiO3 ceramics as lead-free piezoelectric materials was studied. To improve their electrical properties, (100),(001)-oriented (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 ceramics were fabricated by the reactive templated grain growth method using a mixture of platelike CaTiO3 and BaTiO3 particles. The platelike CaTiO3 and BaTiO3 particles were prepared through a topochemical microcrystal conversion process using CaBi4Ti4O15 and BaBi4Ti4O15 plate-like precursor crystals. The 100 orientation degree of the grain-oriented (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 ceramics was 92%, as estimated by Lotgering's equation. In addition, 1 mol % Ba excess and 1 mol % Mn-doped (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 sintered bodies, which were sintered at 1350 °C in an Ar flow containing H2 (0.3%), had sufficient resistivity to allow the characterization of electrical properties. The ferroelectric and field-induced strain properties of the (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 ceramics, sintered in the reducing atmosphere, were markedly improved as a result of fabricating grain-oriented samples. The field-induced strain coefficient (estimated from the slope of the unipolar strain loop) of the nonreducible (100),(001)-oriented (Ba0.85Ca0.15)TiO3 ceramics reached 570 pm/V, which was higher than that of polycrystals (260 pm/V) with no preferential orientation.

  8. High-pressure transitions of diopside and wollastonite: phase equilibria and thermochemistry of CaMgSi 2O 6, CaSiO 3 and CaSi 2O 5-CaTiSiO 5 system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akaogi, M.; Yano, M.; Tejima, Y.; Iijima, M.; Kojitani, H.

    2004-06-01

    Phase transitions of CaMgSi 2O 6 diopside and CaSiO 3 wollastonite were examined at pressures to 23 GPa and temperatures to 2000 °C, using a Kawai-type multiavil apparatus. Enthalpies of high-pressure phases in CaSiO 3 and in the CaSi 2O 5-CaTiSiO 5 system were also measured by high-temperature calorimetry. At 17-18 GPa, diopside dissociates to CaSiO 3-rich perovskite + Mg-rich (Mg,Ca)SiO 3 tetragonal garnet (Gt) above about 1400 °C. The solubilities of CaSiO 3 in garnet and MgSiO 3 in perovskite increase with temperature. At 17-18 GPa below about 1400 °C, diopside dissociates to Ca-perovskite + β-Mg 2SiO 4 + stishovite. The Mg, Si-phases coexisting with Ca-perovskite change to γ-Mg 2SiO 4 + stishovite, to ilmenite, and finally to Mg-perovskite with increasing pressure. CaSiO 3 wollastonite transforms to the walstromite structure, and further dissociates to Ca 2SiO 4 larnite + CaSi 2O 5 titanite. The latter transition occurs at 9-11 GPa with a positive Clapeyron slope. At 1600 °C, larnite + titanite transform to CaSiO 3 perovskite at 14.6±0.6 GPa, calibrated against the α-β transition pressure of Mg 2SiO 4. The enthalpies of formation of CaSiO 3 walstromite and CaSi 2O 5 titanite from the mixture of CaO and SiO 2 quartz at 298 K have been determined as -76.1±2.8, and -27.8±2.1 kJ/mol, respectively. The latter was estimated from enthalpy measurements of titanite solid solutions in the system CaSi 2O 5-CaTiSiO 5, because CaSi 2O 5 titanite transforms to a triclinic phase upon decompression. The enthalpy difference between titanite and the triclinic phase is only 1.5±4.8 kJ/mol. Using these enthalpies of formation and those of larnite and CaSiO 3 perovskite, the transition boundaries in CaSiO 3 have been calculated. The calculated boundaries for the wollastonite-walstromite-larnite + titanite transitions are consistent with the experimental determinations within the errors. The calculated boundary between larnite + titanite and Ca-perovskite has a slope of

  9. Preoperative chemoradiation with capecitabine, irinotecan and cetuximab in rectal cancer: significance of pre-treatment and post-resection RAS mutations.

    PubMed

    Gollins, Simon; West, Nick; Sebag-Montefiore, David; Myint, Arthur Sun; Saunders, Mark; Susnerwala, Shabbir; Quirke, Phil; Essapen, Sharadah; Samuel, Leslie; Sizer, Bruce; Worlding, Jane; Southward, Katie; Hemmings, Gemma; Tinkler-Hundal, Emma; Taylor, Morag; Bottomley, Daniel; Chambers, Philip; Lawrie, Emma; Lopes, Andre; Beare, Sandy

    2017-10-24

    The influence of EGFR pathway mutations on cetuximab-containing rectal cancer preoperative chemoradiation (CRT) is uncertain. In a prospective phase II trial (EXCITE), patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-defined non-metastatic rectal adenocarinoma threatening/involving the surgical resection plane received pelvic radiotherapy with concurrent capecitabine, irinotecan and cetuximab. Resection was recommended 8 weeks later. The primary endpoint was histopathologically clear (R0) resection margin. Pre-planned retrospective DNA pyrosequencing (PS) and next generation sequencing (NGS) of KRAS, NRAS, PIK3CA and BRAF was performed on the pre-treatment biopsy and resected specimen. Eighty-two patients were recruited and 76 underwent surgery, with R0 resection in 67 (82%, 90%CI: 73-88%) (four patients with clinical complete response declined surgery). Twenty-four patients (30%) had an excellent clinical or pathological response (ECPR). Using NGS 24 (46%) of 52 matched biopsies/resections were discrepant: ten patients (19%) gained 13 new resection mutations compared to biopsy (12 KRAS, one PIK3CA) and 18 (35%) lost 22 mutations (15 KRAS, 7 PIK3CA). Tumours only ever testing RAS wild-type had significantly greater ECPR than tumours with either biopsy or resection RAS mutations (14/29 [48%] vs 10/51 [20%], P=0.008), with a trend towards increased overall survival (HR 0.23, 95% CI 0.05-1.03, P=0.055). This regimen was feasible and the primary study endpoint was met. For the first time using pre-operative rectal CRT, emergence of clinically important new resection mutations is described, likely reflecting intratumoural heterogeneity manifesting either as treatment-driven selective clonal expansion or a geographical biopsy sampling miss.

  10. Microstructure, biocorrosion and cytotoxicity evaluations of rapid solidified Mg-3Ca alloy ribbons as a biodegradable material.

    PubMed

    Gu, X N; Li, X L; Zhou, W R; Cheng, Y; Zheng, Y F

    2010-06-01

    Rapidly solidified (RS) Mg–3Ca alloy ribbons were prepared by the melt-spinning technique at different wheel rotating speeds (15 m s(-1), 30 m s(-1) and 45 m s(-1) with the as-cast Mg–3Ca alloy ingot as a raw material. The RS45 Mg–3Ca alloy ribbon showed a much more fine grain size feature (approximately 200–500 nm) in comparison to the coarse grain size (50–100 μm)of the original as-cast Mg–3Ca alloy ingot. The corrosion electrochemical tests in simulated body fluid indicated that the corrosion rate of the as-cast Mg–3Ca alloy was strongly reduced by the RS procedure and tended to be further decreased with increasing wheel rotating speeds(1.43 mm yr(-1) for RS15, 0.94 mm yr(-1) for RS30 and 0.36 mm yr(-1) for RS45). The RS Mg–3Ca alloy ribbons showed more uniform corrosion morphology compared with the as-cast Mg–3Ca alloy after polarization. The cytotoxicity evaluation revealed that the three experimental as-spun Mg–3Ca alloy ribbon extracts did not induce toxicity to the L-929 cells,whereas the as-cast Mg–3Ca alloy ingot extract did. The L-929 cells showed more improved adhesion on the surfaces of the three as-spun Mg–3Ca alloy ribbons than that of the as-cast Mg–3Ca alloy ingot.

  11. Recombination luminescence of CaSO4:Tb3+ and CaSO4:Gd3+phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kudryavtseva, Irina; Lushchik, Aleksandr; Maaroos, Aarne; Azmaganbetova, Zhannur; Nurakhmetov, Turlybek; Salikhoja, Zhussupbek

    2012-08-01

    A comparative study of the excitation of luminescence by VUV radiation as well as of thermally and photostimulated luminescence has been carried out for CaSO4:Tb3+ and CaSO4:Gd3+ phosphors, where Na+ or F- ions are used for charge compensation. The distinction in hole processes for the phosphors with Na+ or F- compensators is determined by the differing thermal stability of the holes localized at/near Tb3+Na+ and Gd3+Na+ (up to 100-160 K) or at/near Tb3+F- V Ca and Gd3+F- V Ca centers involving also a cation vacancy (up to 400-550 K). Tunnel luminescence in the pairs of localized electrons and holes nearby Tb3+ or Gd3+ has been detected. The mechanisms of electron-hole, hole-electron and tunnel recombination luminescence as well as a subsequent released energy transfer to RE3+ ions are considered.

  12. Thermoelectric properties of antiperovskite calcium oxides Ca{sub 3}PbO and Ca{sub 3}SnO

    SciTech Connect

    Okamoto, Y., E-mail: yokamoto@nuap.nagoya-u.ac.jp; Institute for Advanced Research, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601; Sakamaki, A.

    We report the thermoelectric properties of polycrystalline samples of Ca{sub 3}Pb{sub 1−x}Bi{sub x}O (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2) and Ca{sub 3}SnO, both crystallizing in a cubic antiperovskite-type structure. The Ca{sub 3}SnO sample shows metallic resistivity and its thermoelectric power approaches 100 μV K{sup −1} at room temperature, resulting in the thermoelectric power factor of Ca{sub 3}SnO being larger than that of Ca{sub 3}Pb{sub 1−x}Bi{sub x}O. On the basis of Hall and Sommerfeld coefficients, the Ca{sub 3}SnO sample is found to be a p-type metal with a carrier density of ∼10{sup 19 }cm{sup −3}, a mobility of ∼80 cm{sup 2} V{sup −1} s{sup −1}, both comparablemore » to those in degenerated semiconductors, and a moderately large hole carrier effective mass. The coexistence of moderately high mobility and large effective mass observed in Ca{sub 3}SnO, as well as possible emergence of a multivalley electronic structure with a small band gap at low-symmetry points in k-space, suggests that the antiperovskite Ca oxides have strong potential as a thermoelectric material.« less

  13. Magnetic and thermoelectric properties of electron doped Ca0.85Pr0.15MnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hossain Khan, Momin; Pal, Sudipta; Bose, Esa

    2015-10-01

    We have investigated temperature-dependent magnetization (M), magnetic susceptibility (χ) and thermoelectric (S) properties of the electron-doped Ca0.85Pr0.15MnO3. With decrease of temperature, paramagnetic (PM) to antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase transition occurs with a well-defined Néel temperature (TN=122 K). Magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal that the paramagnetic state involves modified Curie-Weiss paramagnetism. Field cooled and zero field cooled magnetization measurements indicate a signature of magnetic frustration. Ferromagnetic (FM) double-exchange interactions associated with doped eg electrons are favored over competing AFM interactions below Tirr=112 K. Magnetization data also shows a second-order phase transition. The sign reversal in S(T) has been interpreted in terms of the change in the electronic structure relating to the orbital degrees of freedom of the doped eg electron. Low temperature (5-140 K) thermoelectric power, S (T) signifies the importance of electron-magnon scattering process.

  14. Low-Energy Electronic Properties of Clean CaRuO3: Elusive Landau Quasiparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneider, M.; Geiger, D.; Esser, S.; Pracht, U. S.; Stingl, C.; Tokiwa, Y.; Moshnyaga, V.; Sheikin, I.; Mravlje, J.; Scheffler, M.; Gegenwart, P.

    2014-05-01

    We have prepared high-quality epitaxial thin films of CaRuO3 with residual resistivity ratios up to 55. Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in the magnetoresistance and a T2 temperature dependence in the electrical resistivity only below 1.5 K, the coefficient of which is substantially suppressed in large magnetic fields, establish CaRuO3 as a Fermi liquid (FL) with an anomalously low coherence scale. At T >1.5 K non-Fermi-liquid (NFL) behavior is found in the electrical resistivity. The high sample quality allows access to the intrinsic electronic properties via THz spectroscopy. For frequencies below 0.6 THz, the conductivity is Drude-like and can be modeled by FL concepts; for higher frequencies, non-Drude behavior is found, which is inconsistent with FL predictions. This establishes CaRuO3 as a prime example of optical NFL behavior in the THz range.

  15. Serum CA125 predicts extrauterine disease and survival in uterine carcinosarcoma

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Gloria S.; Chiu, Lydia G.; Gebb, Juliana S.; Gunter, Marc J.; Sukumvanich, Paniti; Goldberg, Gary L.; Einstein, Mark H.

    2009-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical utility of CA125 measurement in patients with uterine carcinosarcoma (CS). Methods Ninety-five consecutive patients treated for CS at a single institution were identified. All 54 patients who underwent preoperative CA125 measurement were included in the study. Data were abstracted from the medical records. Tests of association between preoperative CA125 and previously identified clinicopathologic prognostic factors were performed using Fisher’s exact test and Pearson chi-square test. To evaluate relationship of CA125 elevation and survival, a Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate analysis, incorporating all of prognostic factors identified by univariate analysis. Results Preoperative CA125 was significantly associated with the presence of extrauterine disease (P<0.001), deep myometrial invasion (P<0.001), and serous histology of the epithelial component (P=0.005). Using univariate survival analysis, stage (HR=1.808, P=0.004), postoperative CA125 level (HR=9.855, P<0.001), and estrogen receptor positivity (HR=0.314, P=0.029) were significantly associated with survival. In the multivariate model, only postoperative CA125 level remained significantly associated with poor survival (HR=5.725, P=0.009). Conclusion Preoperative CA125 elevation is a marker of extrauterine disease and deep myometrial invasion in patients with uterine CS. Postoperative CA125 elevation is an independent prognostic factor for poor survival. These findings indicate that CA125 may be a clinically useful serum marker in the management of patients with CS. PMID:17935762

  16. Correlation of CA-125 serum level and clinico-pathological characteristic of patients with endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Karimi-Zarchi, Mojgan; Dehshiri-Zadeh, Najmeh; Sekhavat, Leili; Nosouhi, Fahime

    2016-11-01

    Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) is a glycoprotein biomarker that is used in women with pelvic masses such as endometriosis and maybe is useful in practice of patients suspicious to endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between preoperative serum CA-125 levels and clinic pathological characteristic in women with endometriosis, and find out the best serum CA-125 levels cut-off in pre and post menopause women. Serum CA-125 levels in 87 women aged 21-54 years suspected to endometriosis with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, or dyspareunia were measured preoperatively. Also the association between clinic pathological characteristic and serum CA-125 level were analyzed. The mean age of women was 32.22±6.91. The mean serum CA-125 level was 49.93±4.30 U/mL. There was a significant correlation between the endometriosis stage, lesion size, adhesion score and preoperative CA-125 plasma concentration. However, we did not found significant differences in age, marital status, patient's complaints, and pelvic pain associated to Ca125 serum level. The suggested preoperative serum cut-off levels in premenopausal and postmenopausal patients were 37 U/ml and 35 U/ml, respectively. According to the results, preoperative serum CA-125 is an important predictor for patients with endometriosis and it should be taken into consideration when surgical management is suspected, especially if stage of disease, lesion size and adhesion score are undertaken.

  17. Mn-Site Doped CaMnO 3: Creation of the CMR Effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raveau, B.; Zhao, Y. M.; Martin, C.; Hervieu, M.; Maignan, A.

    2000-01-01

    The doping of CaMnO3-δ at Mn sites with pentavalent and hexavalent d0 elements - Nb, Ta, W, Mo - modifies the resistivity behavior of this phase, extending the insulating domain and increasing significantly the resistivity at low temperature as the doping element content increases. The higher valency of the doping element introduces electrons; i.e., Mn3+ species are formed in the Mn4+ matrix. Double exchange phenomena then allow ferromagnetic interactions, by application of external magnetic fields which are similar to those observed for electron-doped manganites Ca1-xLnxMnO3 (x≤0.15), but with smaller magnetic moments. Consequently, this Mn site doping induces CMR properties with resistivity ratios considerably larger than those for CaMnO3-δ.

  18. Compound Method to Disperse CaCO3 Nanoparticles to Nano-Size in Water.

    PubMed

    Gu, Sui; Cai, Jihua; Wang, Jijun; Yuan, Ye; Chang, Dewu; Chikhotkin, Viktor F

    2015-12-01

    The invalidation of CaCO3 nanoparticles (nCaCO3) is often caused by the fact of agglomeration and inhomogeneous dispersion which limits its application into water-based drilling muds for low permeability reservoirs such as coalbed methane reservoir and shale gas/oil reservoir. Effective methods to disperse nCaCO3 to nano-size (≤ 100 nm) in water have seldom been reported. Here we developed a compound method containing mechanical stirring, ultrasonic treatment, the use of surfactant and stabilizer to disperse nCaCO3 in water. It comprises the steps adding 2% nCaCO3, 1% sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDS), 2% cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), 2% OP-10, 3% to 4% biopolymer (XC) in water successively, stirring it at a shear rate of 6000 to 8000 r/min for 15 minutes and treating it with ultrasonic at a frequency of 28 KHz for 30 to 40 minutes. The dispersed nCaCO3 was characterized with scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and particle size distribution (PSD) tests. We found that nCaCO3 could be dispersed to below 100 nm in water and the medium value of nCaCO3 was below 50 nm. This method paved the way for the utilization of nCaCO3 in drilling fluid and completion fluid for low permeability reservoirs such as coal seams and shale gas/oil formations.

  19. 3. COMPLETE X15 VEHICLE TEST STAND, LOCATED IN SOUTHEAST ¼ ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. COMPLETE X-15 VEHICLE TEST STAND, LOCATED IN SOUTHEAST ¼ OF X-15 ENGINE TEST COMPLEX. Looking northeast. - Edwards Air Force Base, X-15 Engine Test Complex, Rocket Engine & Complete X-15 Vehicle Test Stands, Rogers Dry Lake, east of runway between North Base & South Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  20. Internal Fixation of Complicated Acetabular Fractures Directed by Preoperative Surgery with 3D Printing Models.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhao-Jie; Jia, Jian; Zhang, Yin-Guang; Tian, Wei; Jin, Xin; Hu, Yong-Cheng

    2017-05-01

    The purpose of this article is to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of preoperative surgery with 3D printing-assisted internal fixation of complicated acetabular fractures. A retrospective case review was performed for the above surgical procedure. A 23-year-old man was confirmed by radiological examination to have fractures of multiple ribs, with hemopneumothorax and communicated fractures of the left acetabulum. According to the Letounel and Judet classification, T-shaped fracture involving posterior wall was diagnosed. A 3D printing pelvic model was established using CT digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) data preoperatively, with which surgical procedures were simulated in preoperative surgery to confirm the sequence of the reduction and fixation as well as the position and length of the implants. Open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) of the acetabular fracture using modified ilioinguinal and Kocher-Langenbeck approaches was performed 25 days after injury. Plates that had been pre-bent in the preoperative surgery were positioned and screws were tightened in the directions determined in the preoperative planning following satisfactory reduction. The duration of the operation was 170 min and blood loss was 900 mL. Postoperative X-rays showed that anatomical reduction of the acetabulum was achieved and the hip joint was congruous. The position and length of the implants were not different when compared with those in preoperative surgery on 3D printing models. We believe that preoperative surgery using 3D printing models is beneficial for confirming the reduction and fixation sequence, determining the reduction quality, shortening the operative time, minimizing preoperative difficulties, and predicting the prognosis for complicated fractures of acetabulam. © 2017 Chinese Orthopaedic Association and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  1. Radioisotope tracer studies of inorganic carbon and Ca in microbially derived CaCO3

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Yates, Kimberly K.; Robbins, Lisa L.

    1999-01-01

    Microbial calcification significantly impacts the cycling and deposition of inorganic carbon. This research employs 45Ca and 14C techniques as radioisotopic tracers to examine the role of cellular cycling of Ca2+ and inorganic carbon in CaCO3 precipitation by the unicellular green alga Nannochloris atomus. Implications of the effects of these physiological aspects on CaCO3 precipitation and the effects of microbial calcification on CaCO3 δ13C ratios are discussed. Results from pulse/chase experiments indicate that intracellular Ca2+ is incorporated into extracellular CaCO3. Intracellular inorganic carbon leaks from cells within 10 to 12 s after injection of unlabelled NaHCO3, providing a source of inorganic carbon for extracellular CaCO3. Cellular expulsion of calcium plays a key role in increasing the CaCO3 saturation state at the site of calcification. The δ13C ratios of microbial carbonates may vary depending on the amount of photorespiratory CO2 incorporated.

  2. Synthesis of the new compound CaFe(CO 3) 2 and experimental constraints on the (Ca,Fe)CO 3 join

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davidson, Paula M.; Symmes, Gregory H.; Cohen, Barbara A.; Reeder, Richard J.; Lindsley, Donald H.

    1993-12-01

    Synthesis of the new (disordered) compound CaFe(CO 3) 2 has been achieved with the use of Fe-substituted CaCO 3(Cc ss) + Ca-substituted FeCO 3(Sid ss) as starting materials, and high CO 2 pressures. High pressure (20-30 kbar) is needed to stabilize FeCO 3 to sufficiently high temperatures for disordered CaFe(CO 3) 2 to form. Experiments provide reversed compositions of coexisting disordered phases in the CaFe join and locate the solvus temperature for CaFe(C) 3) 2 between 815 and 845°C at 30 kbars. Calculated phase relations predict that the stability of ordered CaFe(CO 3) 2 is limited to T < ˜450°C by the breakdown to Cc ss + Sid ss. A comparison of the unit-cell volume measured for disordered CaFe(CO 3) 2 vs. that estimated for ordered CaFe(CO 3) 2 suggests that increasing pressure stabilizes the disordered phase.

  3. Diagnostic and Prognostic Impact of Circulating YKL-40, IL-6, and CA 19.9 in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Schultz, Nicolai A.; Christensen, Ib J.; Werner, Jens; Giese, Nathalia; Jensen, Benny V.; Larsen, Ole; Bjerregaard, Jon K.; Pfeiffer, Per; Calatayud, Dan; Nielsen, Svend E.; Yilmaz, Mette K.; Holländer, Niels H.; Wøjdemann, Morten; Bojesen, Stig E.; Nielsen, Kaspar R.; Johansen, Julia S.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose We tested the hypothesis that high plasma YKL-40 and IL-6 associate with pancreatic cancer and short overall survival. Patients and Methods In all, 559 patients with pancreatic cancer from prospective biomarker studies from Denmark (n = 448) and Germany (n = 111) were studied. Plasma YKL-40 and IL-6 were determined by ELISAs and serum CA 19.9 by chemiluminescent immunometric assay. Results Odds ratios (ORs) for prediction of pancreatic cancer were significant for all biomarkers, with CA 19.9 having the highest AUC (CA 19.9: OR = 2.28, 95% CI 1.97 to 2.68, p<0.0001, AUC = 0.94; YKL-40: OR = 4.50, 3.99 to 5.08, p<0.0001, AUC = 0.87; IL-6: OR = 3.68, 3.08 to 4.44, p<0.0001, AUC = 0.87). Multivariate Cox analysis (YKL-40, IL-6, CA 19.9, age, stage, gender) in patients operated on showed that high preoperative IL-6 and CA 19.9 (dichotomized according to normal values) were independently associated with short overall survival (CA 19.9: HR = 2.51, 1.22–5.15, p = 0.013; IL-6: HR = 2.03, 1.11 to 3.70, p = 0.021). Multivariate Cox analysis of non-operable patients (Stage IIB-IV) showed that high pre-treatment levels of each biomarker were independently associated with short overall survival (YKL-40: HR = 1.30, 1.03 to 1.64, p = 0.029; IL-6: HR = 1.71, 1.33 to 2.20, p<0.0001; CA 19.9: HR = 1.54, 1.06 to 2.24, p = 0.022). Patients with preoperative elevation of both IL-6 and CA 19.9 had shorter overall survival (p<0.005) compared to patients with normal levels of both biomarkers (45% vs. 92% alive after 12 months). Conclusions Plasma YKL-40 and IL-6 had less diagnostic impact than CA 19.9. Combination of pretreatment YKL-40, IL-6, and CA 19.9 may have clinical value to identify pancreatic cancer patients with the poorest prognosis. PMID:23840582

  4. Preoperative (3-dimensional) computed tomography lung reconstruction before anatomic segmentectomy or lobectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer.

    PubMed

    Chan, Ernest G; Landreneau, James R; Schuchert, Matthew J; Odell, David D; Gu, Suicheng; Pu, Jiantao; Luketich, James D; Landreneau, Rodney J

    2015-09-01

    Accurate cancer localization and negative resection margins are necessary for successful segmentectomy. In this study, we evaluate a newly developed software package that permits automated segmentation of the pulmonary parenchyma, allowing 3-dimensional assessment of tumor size, location, and estimates of surgical margins. A pilot study using a newly developed 3-dimensional computed tomography analytic software package was performed to retrospectively evaluate preoperative computed tomography images of patients who underwent segmentectomy (n = 36) or lobectomy (n = 15) for stage 1 non-small cell lung cancer. The software accomplishes an automated reconstruction of anatomic pulmonary segments of the lung based on bronchial arborization. Estimates of anticipated surgical margins and pulmonary segmental volume were made on the basis of 3-dimensional reconstruction. Autosegmentation was achieved in 72.7% (32/44) of preoperative computed tomography images with slice thicknesses of 3 mm or less. Reasons for segmentation failure included local severe emphysema or pneumonitis, and lower computed tomography resolution. Tumor segmental localization was achieved in all autosegmented studies. The 3-dimensional computed tomography analysis provided a positive predictive value of 87% in predicting a marginal clearance greater than 1 cm and a 75% positive predictive value in predicting a margin to tumor diameter ratio greater than 1 in relation to the surgical pathology assessment. This preoperative 3-dimensional computed tomography analysis of segmental anatomy can confirm the tumor location within an anatomic segment and aid in predicting surgical margins. This 3-dimensional computed tomography information may assist in the preoperative assessment regarding the suitability of segmentectomy for peripheral lung cancers. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  5. Seawater Mg/Ca controls polymorph mineralogy of microbial CaCO3: a potential proxy for calcite-aragonite seas in Precambrian time.

    PubMed

    Ries, J B; Anderson, M A; Hill, R T

    2008-03-01

    A previously published hydrothermal brine-river water mixing model driven by ocean crust production suggests that the molar Mg/Ca ratio of seawater (mMg/Ca(sw)) has varied significantly (approximately 1.0-5.2) over Precambrian time, resulting in six intervals of aragonite-favouring seas (mMg/Ca(sw) > 2) and five intervals of calcite-favouring seas (mMg/Ca(sw) < 2) since the Late Archaean. To evaluate the viability of microbial carbonates as mineralogical proxy for Precambrian calcite-aragonite seas, calcifying microbial marine biofilms were cultured in experimental seawaters formulated over the range of Mg/Ca ratios believed to have characterized Precambrian seawater. Biofilms cultured in experimental aragonite seawater (mMg/Ca(sw) = 5.2) precipitated primarily aragonite with lesser amounts of high-Mg calcite (mMg/Ca(calcite) = 0.16), while biofilms cultured in experimental calcite seawater (mMg/Ca(sw) = 1.5) precipitated exclusively lower magnesian calcite (mMg/Ca(calcite) = 0.06). Furthermore, Mg/Ca(calcite )varied proportionally with Mg/Ca(sw). This nearly abiotic mineralogical response of the biofilm CaCO3 to altered Mg/Ca(sw) is consistent with the assertion that biofilm calcification proceeds more through the elevation of , via metabolic removal of CO2 and/or H+, than through the elevation of Ca2+, which would alter the Mg/Ca ratio of the biofilm's calcifying fluid causing its pattern of CaCO3 polymorph precipitation (aragonite vs. calcite; Mg-incorporation in calcite) to deviate from that of abiotic calcification. If previous assertions are correct that the physicochemical properties of Precambrian seawater were such that Mg/Ca(sw) was the primary variable influencing CaCO3 polymorph mineralogy, then the observed response of the biofilms' CaCO3 polymorph mineralogy to variations in Mg/Ca(sw), combined with the ubiquity of such microbial carbonates in Precambrian strata, suggests that the original polymorph mineralogy and Mg/Ca(calcite )of well

  6. Imperforate hymen with elevated serum CA 125 and CA 19-9 levels.

    PubMed

    Sak, Muhammet Erdal; Evsen, Mehmet Siddik; Soydinc, Hatice Ender; Sak, Sibel; Yalinkaya, Ahmet

    2013-01-01

    To report the clinical characteristics of 14 patients with imperforate hymen and their levels of tumor markers (CA 19-9 and CA 125). Fourteen patients with imperforate hymen who followed-up between September 2006 and September 2010 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakir, Turkey, were evaluated retrospectively. The clinical features and the management of the patients are discussed. The mean age of the patients was 13.8 years. All patients had primary amenorrhea and pelvic pain. The most common clinical symptoms were cryptomenorrhea in 14 patients, pelvic pain in 11, palpable abdominal mass in 6, voiding difficulties in 7, and defecation problems in 2. In 6 patients with palpable pelvic mass, the mean + standard deviation values of tumor markers were as follows: CA 125, 84.0 +/- 23.7 and CA 19-9, 162 +/- 189. One week after surgery we measured CA 125 and CA 19-9 levels once again. The postoperative mean CA 125 level was 13.8 +/- 3.6, and the mean postoperative CA 19-9 level was 17.5 +/- 3.5. Preoperative levels of CA 125 and CA 19-9 were significantly higher than those of the postoperative period (p < 0.001 for both comparisons). Six patients were treated by T-shaped incision and 8 patients by a central surgical incision through the hymenal membrane. Diagnosis of imperforate hymen is very important before undergoing surgery in a different clinic. Many patients have seen several doctors before receiving a clear diagnosis and have had tumor markers evaluated because the presence of pelvic mass in patients suggests the possibility of a gynecologic malignancy. Imperforate hymen is one of the benign conditions that increase serum CA 125 and CA 19-9 levels and which is not listed in the classical medical textbooks. These markers are not needed for the diagnosis.

  7. Glass-derived superconducting ceramics with zero resistance at 107 K in the Bi(1.5)Pb(0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3O(x) system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bansal, Narottam P.; Farrell, D. E.

    1989-01-01

    A melt of composition Bi(1.5)Pb(0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3O(x) was fast quenched to form a glass. This was subsequently air annealed and the influence of annealing time and temperature on the formation of various crystalline phases was investigated. X-ray powder diffraction indicate that none of the resulting samples were single phase. However, for an annealing temperature of 840 C, the volume fraction of the high Tc phase (isostructural with Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10) increased with annealing time. A specimen annealed at this temperature for 243 h followed by slow cooling showed a sharp transition and Tc (R = 0) = 107.2 K.

  8. Service differentiated and adaptive CSMA/CA over IEEE 802.15.4 for Cyber-Physical Systems.

    PubMed

    Xia, Feng; Li, Jie; Hao, Ruonan; Kong, Xiangjie; Gao, Ruixia

    2013-01-01

    Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) that collect, exchange, manage information, and coordinate actions are an integral part of the Smart Grid. In addition, Quality of Service (QoS) provisioning in CPS, especially in the wireless sensor/actuator networks, plays an essential role in Smart Grid applications. IEEE 802.15.4, which is one of the most widely used communication protocols in this area, still needs to be improved to meet multiple QoS requirements. This is because IEEE 802.15.4 slotted Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) employs static parameter configuration without supporting differentiated services and network self-adaptivity. To address this issue, this paper proposes a priority-based Service Differentiated and Adaptive CSMA/CA (SDA-CSMA/CA) algorithm to provide differentiated QoS for various Smart Grid applications as well as dynamically initialize backoff exponent according to traffic conditions. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed SDA-CSMA/CA scheme significantly outperforms the IEEE 802.15.4 slotted CSMA/CA in terms of effective data rate, packet loss rate, and average delay.

  9. Service Differentiated and Adaptive CSMA/CA over IEEE 802.15.4 for Cyber-Physical Systems

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Ruixia

    2013-01-01

    Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) that collect, exchange, manage information, and coordinate actions are an integral part of the Smart Grid. In addition, Quality of Service (QoS) provisioning in CPS, especially in the wireless sensor/actuator networks, plays an essential role in Smart Grid applications. IEEE 802.15.4, which is one of the most widely used communication protocols in this area, still needs to be improved to meet multiple QoS requirements. This is because IEEE 802.15.4 slotted Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) employs static parameter configuration without supporting differentiated services and network self-adaptivity. To address this issue, this paper proposes a priority-based Service Differentiated and Adaptive CSMA/CA (SDA-CSMA/CA) algorithm to provide differentiated QoS for various Smart Grid applications as well as dynamically initialize backoff exponent according to traffic conditions. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed SDA-CSMA/CA scheme significantly outperforms the IEEE 802.15.4 slotted CSMA/CA in terms of effective data rate, packet loss rate, and average delay. PMID:24260021

  10. Formation of ternary CaUO2(CO3)3(2-) and Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq) complexes under neutral to weakly alkaline conditions.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jun-Yeop; Yun, Jong-Il

    2013-07-21

    The chemical behavior of ternary Ca-UO2-CO3 complexes was investigated by using time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) in combination with EDTA complexation at pH 7-9. A novel TRLFS revealed two distinct fluorescence lifetimes of 12.7 ± 0.2 ns and 29.2 ± 0.4 ns for uranyl complexes which were formed increasingly dependent upon the calcium ion concentration, even though nearly indistinguishable fluorescence peak shapes and positions were measured for both Ca-UO2-CO3 complexes. For identifying the stoichiometric number of complexed calcium ions, slope analysis in terms of relative fluorescence intensity versus calcium concentration was employed in a combination with the complexation reaction of CaEDTA(2-) by adding EDTA. The formation of CaUO2(CO3)3(2-) and Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq) was identified under given conditions and their formation constants were determined at I = 0.1 M Na/HClO4 medium, and extrapolated to infinitely dilute solution using specific ion interaction theory (SIT). As a result, the formation constants for CaUO2(CO3)3(2-) and Ca2UO2(CO3)3(aq) were found to be log β113(0) = 27.27 ± 0.14 and log β213(0) = 29.81 ± 0.19, respectively, providing that the ternary Ca-UO2-CO3 complexes were predominant uranium(vi) species at neutral to weakly alkaline pH in the presence of Ca(2+) and CO3(2-) ions.

  11. New High Pressure Phase of CaCO3: Implication for the Deep Diamond Formation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Z.; Li, X.; Zhang, Z.; Lin, J. F.; Ni, H.; Prakapenka, V.

    2017-12-01

    Surface carbon can be transported to the Earth's deep interior through sinking subduction slabs. Carbonates, including CaCO3, MgCO3 and MgCa(CO3)2, are important carbon carriers for the deep carbon cycle. Experimental studies on the phase stability of carbonates with coexisting mantle minerals at relevant pressure and temperature conditions are thus important for understanding the deep carbon cycle. In particular, recent petrological studies have revealed the evidence for the transportation of CaCO3 to the depth at least of the top lower mantle by analyzing the diamond inclusions. Yet the phase stability of CaCO3 at relevant pressure and temperature conditions of the top lower mantle is still unclear. Previous single-crystal study has shown that CaCO3 transforms from the CaCO3-III structure to CaCO3-VI at 15 GPa and 300 K. The CaCO3-VI is stable at least up to 40 GPa at 300 K. At high temperatures, CaCO3 in the aragonite structure will directly transform into the post-aragonite structure at 40 GPa. However, a recent theoretical study predicted a new phase of CaCO3 with a space group of P21/c between 32 and 48 GPa which is different from previous experimental results. In this study, we have investigated the phase stability of CaCO3 at high pressure-temperature conditions using synchrotron X-ray diffraction in laser-heated diamond anvil cells. We report the discovery of a new phase of CaCO3 at relevant pressure-temperature conditions of the top lower mantle which is consistent with previous theoretical predictions. This new phase is an important carrier for the transportation of carbon to the Earth's lower mantle and crucial for growing deep diamonds in the region.

  12. Ca(5)Zr(3)F(22).

    PubMed

    Oudahmane, Abdelghani; El-Ghozzi, Malika; Avignant, Daniel

    2012-04-01

    Single crystals of Ca(5)Zr(3)F(22), penta-calcium trizirconium docosafluoride, were obtained unexpectedly by solid-state reaction between CaF(2) and ZrF(4) in the presence of AgF. The structure of the title compound is isotypic with that of Sr(5)Zr(3)F(22) and can be described as being composed of layers with composition [Zr(3)F(20)](8-) made up from two different [ZrF(8)](4-) square anti-prisms (one with site symmetry 2) by corner-sharing. The layers extending parallel to the (001) plane are further linked by Ca(2+) cations, forming a three-dimensional network. Amongst the four crystallographically different Ca(2+) ions, three are located on twofold rotation axes. The Ca(2+) ions exhibit coordination numbers ranging from 8 to 12, depending on the cut off, with very distorted fluorine environments. Two of the Ca(2+) ions occupy inter-stices between the layers whereas the other two are located in void spaces of the [Zr(3)F(20)](8-) layer and alternate with the two Zr atoms along [010]. The crystal under investigation was an inversion twin.

  13. Assessment of average of normals (AON) procedure for outlier-free datasets including qualitative values below limit of detection (LoD): an application within tumor markers such as CA 15-3, CA 125, and CA 19-9.

    PubMed

    Usta, Murat; Aral, Hale; Mete Çilingirtürk, Ahmet; Kural, Alev; Topaç, Ibrahim; Semerci, Tuna; Hicri Köseoğlu, Mehmet

    2016-11-01

    Average of normals (AON) is a quality control procedure that is sensitive only to systematic errors that can occur in an analytical process in which patient test results are used. The aim of this study was to develop an alternative model in order to apply the AON quality control procedure to datasets that include qualitative values below limit of detection (LoD). The reported patient test results for tumor markers, such as CA 15-3, CA 125, and CA 19-9, analyzed by two instruments, were retrieved from the information system over a period of 5 months, using the calibrator and control materials with the same lot numbers. The median as a measure of central tendency and the median absolute deviation (MAD) as a measure of dispersion were used for the complementary model of AON quality control procedure. The u bias values, which were determined for the bias component of the measurement uncertainty, were partially linked to the percentages of the daily median values of the test results that fall within the control limits. The results for these tumor markers, in which lower limits of reference intervals are not medically important for clinical diagnosis and management, showed that the AON quality control procedure, using the MAD around the median, can be applied for datasets including qualitative values below LoD.

  14. A comparative study of the Aurivillius phase ferroelectrics CaBi 4Ti 4O 15 and BaBi 4Ti 4O 15

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tellier, J.; Boullay, Ph.; Manier, M.; Mercurio, D.

    2004-06-01

    The room temperature structures of the four-layer Aurivillius phase ferroelectrics CaBi 4Ti 4O 15 and BaBi 4Ti 4O 15 are determined by means of single crystal X-ray diffraction. Regarding the CaBi 4Ti 4O 15 phase, in agreement with the tolerance factor, a significant deformation of the perovskite blocks is observed. The rotation system of the octahedra is typical from even layer Aurivillius phases and leads to the use of the space group A2 1am. For the BaBi 4Ti 4O 15 phase, only a weak variation with respect to the F2 mm space group can be suggested from single crystal X-ray diffraction. A significant presence of Ba atoms in the [ M2O 2] slabs is confirmed in agreement with the previous works but specific Ba 2+ and Bi 3+ sites have to be considered due to the large difference in bounding requirement of these cations. Possible origins for the ferroelectric relaxor behavior of the Ba-based compound are discussed in view of the presented structural analyses.

  15. The CaV2.3 R-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channel in mouse sleep architecture.

    PubMed

    Siwek, Magdalena Elisabeth; Müller, Ralf; Henseler, Christina; Broich, Karl; Papazoglou, Anna; Weiergräber, Marco

    2014-05-01

    Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (VGCCs) are key elements in mediating thalamocortical rhythmicity. Low-voltage activated (LVA) CaV 3 T-type Ca(2+) channels have been related to thalamic rebound burst firing and to generation of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. High-voltage activated (HVA) CaV 1 L-type Ca(2+) channels, on the opposite, favor the tonic mode of action associated with higher levels of vigilance. However, the role of the HVA Non-L-type CaV2.3 Ca(2+) channels, which are predominantly expressed in the reticular thalamic nucleus (RTN), still remains unclear. Recently, CaV2.3(-/-) mice were reported to exhibit altered spike-wave discharge (SWD)/absence seizure susceptibility supported by the observation that CaV2.3 mediated Ca(2+) influx into RTN neurons can trigger small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+)-channel type 2 (SK2) currents capable of maintaining thalamic burst activity. Based on these studies we investigated the role of CaV2.3 R-type Ca(2+) channels in rodent sleep. The role of CaV2.3 Ca(2+) channels was analyzed in CaV2.3(-/-) mice and controls in both spontaneous and artificial urethane-induced sleep, using implantable video-EEG radiotelemetry. Data were analyzed for alterations in sleep architecture using sleep staging software and time-frequency analysis. CaV2.3 deficient mice exhibited reduced wake duration and increased slow-wave sleep (SWS). Whereas mean sleep stage durations remained unchanged, the total number of SWS epochs was increased in CaV2.3(-/-) mice. Additional changes were observed for sleep stage transitions and EEG amplitudes. Furthermore, urethane-induced SWS mimicked spontaneous sleep results obtained from CaV2.3 deficient mice. Quantitative Real-time PCR did not reveal changes in thalamic CaV3 T-type Ca(2+) channel expression. The detailed mechanisms of SWS increase in CaV2.3(-/-) mice remain to be determined. Low-voltage activated CaV2.3 R-type Ca(2+) channels in the thalamocortical loop and extra

  16. Electric Field Control of the Ferromagnetic CaRuO3 /CaMnO3 Interface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grutter, Alexander; Kirby, Brian; Gray, Matthew; Flint, Charles; Suzuki, Yuri; Borchers, Julie

    2015-03-01

    Electric field control of magnetism has been recognized as one of the most important goals in nanoscale magnetics research. The most popular routes towards achieving magnetoelectric (ME) coupling have focused on heterostructures incorporating multiferroics or ferroelectrics. Such studies often rely on voltage induced distortion to induce strain in the magnetic film and alter the magnetic properties. However, successful attempts to induce ME coupling without multiferroicity or magnetoelasticity remain relatively rare. The ferromagnetic interface between the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3 and the paramagnetic metal CaRuO3 is a promising candidate for direct magnetization control. This interfacial ferroagnetism is stabilized through the competition between interfacial double exchange and antiferromagnetic superexchange between adjacent Mn4+ so that the system is expected to be very sensitive to small changes in interfacial carrier density. Using polarized neutron reflectometry, we have probed the electric field dependence of the interfacial magnetization of CaRuO3/CaMnO3 bilayers deposited on SrTiO3. We find that electric fields of +/-8 kV/m are sufficient to switch the interfaces from largely ferromagnetic to completely antiferromagnetic.

  17. Pre-operative simulation of pediatric mastoid surgery with 3D-printed temporal bone models.

    PubMed

    Rose, Austin S; Webster, Caroline E; Harrysson, Ola L A; Formeister, Eric J; Rawal, Rounak B; Iseli, Claire E

    2015-05-01

    As the process of additive manufacturing, or three-dimensional (3D) printing, has become more practical and affordable, a number of applications for the technology in the field of pediatric otolaryngology have been considered. One area of promise is temporal bone surgical simulation. Having previously developed a model for temporal bone surgical training using 3D printing, we sought to produce a patient-specific model for pre-operative simulation in pediatric otologic surgery. Our hypothesis was that the creation and pre-operative dissection of such a model was possible, and would demonstrate potential benefits in cases of abnormal temporal bone anatomy. In the case presented, an 11-year-old boy underwent a planned canal-wall-down (CWD) tympano-mastoidectomy for recurrent cholesteatoma preceded by a pre-operative surgical simulation using 3D-printed models of the temporal bone. The models were based on the child's pre-operative clinical CT scan and printed using multiple materials to simulate both bone and soft tissue structures. To help confirm the models as accurate representations of the child's anatomy, distances between various anatomic landmarks were measured and compared to the temporal bone CT scan and the 3D model. The simulation allowed the surgical team to appreciate the child's unusual temporal bone anatomy as well as any challenges that might arise in the safety of the temporal bone laboratory, prior to actual surgery in the operating room (OR). There was minimal variability, in terms of absolute distance (mm) and relative distance (%), in measurements between anatomic landmarks obtained from the patient intra-operatively, the pre-operative CT scan and the 3D-printed models. Accurate 3D temporal bone models can be rapidly produced based on clinical CT scans for pre-operative simulation of specific challenging otologic cases in children, potentially reducing medical errors and improving patient safety. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights

  18. Detection of compression vessels in trigeminal neuralgia by surface-rendering three-dimensional reconstruction of 1.5- and 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging.

    PubMed

    Shimizu, Masahiro; Imai, Hideaki; Kagoshima, Kaiei; Umezawa, Eriko; Shimizu, Tsuneo; Yoshimoto, Yuhei

    2013-01-01

    Surface-rendered three-dimensional (3D) 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is useful for presurgical simulation of microvascular decompression. This study compared the sensitivity and specificity of 1.5- and 3.0-T surface-rendered 3D MR imaging for preoperative identification of the compression vessels of trigeminal neuralgia. One hundred consecutive patients underwent microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia. Forty and 60 patients were evaluated by 1.5- and 3.0-T MR imaging, respectively. Three-dimensional MR images were constructed on the basis of MR imaging, angiography, and venography data and evaluated to determine the compression vessel before surgery. MR imaging findings were compared with the microsurgical findings to compare the sensitivity and specificity of 1.5- and 3.0-T MR imaging. The agreement between MR imaging and surgical findings depended on the compression vessels. For superior cerebellar artery, 1.5- and 3.0-T MR imaging had 84.4% and 82.7% sensitivity and 100% and 100% specificity, respectively. For anterior inferior cerebellar artery, 1.5- and 3.0-T MR imaging had 33.3% and 50% sensitivity and 92.9% and 95% specificity, respectively. For the petrosal vein, 1.5- and 3.0-T MR imaging had 75% and 64.3% sensitivity and 79.2% and 78.1% specificity, respectively. Complete pain relief was obtained in 36 of 40 and 55 of 60 patients undergoing 1.5- and 3.0-T MR imaging, respectively. The present study showed that both 1.5- and 3.0-T MR imaging provided high sensitivity and specificity for preoperative assessment of the compression vessels of trigeminal neuralgia. Preoperative 3D imaging provided very high quality presurgical simulation, resulting in excellent clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Ab-initio calculations of the Ruddlesden Popper phases CaMnO3, CaO(CaMnO3) and CaO(CaMnO3)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cardoso, C.; Borges, R. P.; Gasche, T.; Godinho, M.

    2008-01-01

    The present work reports ab-initio density functional theory calculations for the Ruddlesden-Popper phase CaO(CaMnO3)n compounds. In order to study the evolution of the properties with the number of perovskite layers, a detailed analysis of the densities of states calculated for each compound and for several magnetic configurations was performed. The effect of distortions of the crystal structure on the magnetic ground state is also analysed and the exchange constants and transition temperatures are calculated for the three compounds using a mean field model. The calculated magnetic ground state structures and magnetic moments are in good agreement with experimental results and previous calculations.

  20. The CaV2.3 R-Type Voltage-Gated Ca2+ Channel in Mouse Sleep Architecture

    PubMed Central

    Siwek, Magdalena Elisabeth; Müller, Ralf; Henseler, Christina; Broich, Karl; Papazoglou, Anna; Weiergräber, Marco

    2014-01-01

    Study Objectives: Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs) are key elements in mediating thalamocortical rhythmicity. Low-voltage activated (LVA) CaV 3 T-type Ca2+ channels have been related to thalamic rebound burst firing and to generation of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. High-voltage activated (HVA) CaV 1 L-type Ca2+ channels, on the opposite, favor the tonic mode of action associated with higher levels of vigilance. However, the role of the HVA Non-L-type CaV2.3 Ca2+ channels, which are predominantly expressed in the reticular thalamic nucleus (RTN), still remains unclear. Recently, CaV2.3−/− mice were reported to exhibit altered spike-wave discharge (SWD)/absence seizure susceptibility supported by the observation that CaV2.3 mediated Ca2+ influx into RTN neurons can trigger small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+-channel type 2 (SK2) currents capable of maintaining thalamic burst activity. Based on these studies we investigated the role of CaV2.3 R-type Ca2+ channels in rodent sleep. Methods: The role of CaV2.3 Ca2+ channels was analyzed in CaV2.3−/− mice and controls in both spontaneous and artificial urethane-induced sleep, using implantable video-EEG radiotelemetry. Data were analyzed for alterations in sleep architecture using sleep staging software and time-frequency analysis. Results: CaV2.3 deficient mice exhibited reduced wake duration and increased slow-wave sleep (SWS). Whereas mean sleep stage durations remained unchanged, the total number of SWS epochs was increased in CaV2.3−/− mice. Additional changes were observed for sleep stage transitions and EEG amplitudes. Furthermore, urethane-induced SWS mimicked spontaneous sleep results obtained from CaV2.3 deficient mice. Quantitative Real-time PCR did not reveal changes in thalamic CaV3 T-type Ca2+ channel expression. The detailed mechanisms of SWS increase in CaV2.3−/− mice remain to be determined. Conclusions: Low-voltage activated CaV2.3 R-type Ca2+ channels in the thalamocortical

  1. High Expression of P38α and Preoperative Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 Indicate Poor Prognosis in Patients with Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jionghuang; Zhao, Ting; Jia, Shengnan; Zhou, Senhao; Zhou, Liangjing; Wang, Shaowen; Ding, Guoping; Jiang, Guixing; Cao, Liping

    2018-01-01

    Background: P38α is a ubiquitous protein kinase, which plays diverse roles in cancers. Surprisingly, P38α functions vary markedly in different cancers (e.g., cancer suppressor vs cancer promoter). However, there is no report on the expression of P38α, the family's most important member, in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and its association with clinicoathological parameters and patients' prognosis. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 152 patients who underwent surgery and were pathologically diagnosed with PDAC from September 2013 to September 2015. We used immunohistochemistry to detect P38α expression in tumor and adjacent normal tissues. The significance of the association between P38α and clinicopathological parameters was evaluated using the χ² test and t tests. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to assess the association between P38α expression and preoperative carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels and patients' overall survival. The Cox regression model was used to analyze the association between clinicopathological parameters, P38α and preoperative CA19-9 levels, and prognosis. Statistical significance was defined as P < 0.05. Results: P38α was expressed in 63.16% tumor tissues of PDAC, which was significantly higher compared with the adjacent normal tissues (26.32%, P < 0.001). High expression of P38α was associated with patients' histological grade ( P = 0.013), lymphatic metastasis ( P = 0.025) and TNM stage ( P = 0.048). The median survival time of the P38α-high group was 9.2 months, which was shorter compared with that of the P38α-low group (17.3 months, P = 0.011). The median survival time of the CA19-9 > 43.63 group was 11.1 months shorter than that of the CA19-9 < 43.63 group (24.8 months, P < 0.001). The Cox regression model revealed that age ( P = 0.003), lymphatic invasion ( P = 0.015), TNM stage ( P = 0.003), histological grade ( P < 0.001), preoperative CA19-9 ( P = 0.049), and P38α expression ( P = 0

  2. Changes in CaCO3 Burial Trump the Biological Pump

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toggweiler, J.; Dunne, J. P.

    2008-12-01

    The dramatic increases in atmospheric CO2 at the ends of ice ages are usually attributed to a one-two punch coming from the ocean. First, a weakened biological pump vents organically cycled CO2 from the deep ocean via changes in the ventilation of the deep ocean around Antarctica. The initial CO2 increase is then augmented by an enhancement of CaCO3 burial due to a process called CaCO3 compensation (after Broecker, W. S and T.-H. Peng, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 1, 15-29, 1987). Here, we argue that the importance of the biological pump has been exaggerated. The main effect comes from circulation-induced changes in the burial of CaCO3. As shown in a recent paper by Andreas Schmittner and co-authors (Schmittner, A., E. Brook and J. Ahn, Impact of the ocean's overturning circulation on atmospheric CO2, in Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts, Geophys. Monogr. 173, A. Schmittner, J. Chiang, and S. Hemming, eds., pp. 209-246, AGU, 2007) changes in the ventilation of the deep ocean around Antarctica gave rise to 20-30 ppm increases in atmospheric CO2 every 5,000-7,000 years during isotope stages 3 and 4 (30,000 to 70,000 years ago). None of these venting events gave rise to a compensation response. Meanwhile, Jaccard et al. (Science, 308, 1003-1006, 2005) show that all the big CO2 increases during terminations through stage 11 were accompanied by huge increases in CaCO3 burial. This suggests that the enhanced burial of CaCO3 is obligatory rather than compensatory with respect to the dramatic CO2 increases. Broecker and Peng's compensation idea is based on an assumption that the rain of CaCO3 to the sea floor is the same everywhere. More specifically, it assumes that there is no spatial correlation between the production of CaCO3 at the surface and the burial on the sea floor. We find instead that the production and burial of CaCO3 tend to be co-located in regional "hot spots" and that burial in the hot spots balances the input of Ca++ and HCO3- ions in rivers. The

  3. Temperature induced phase transition of CaMn{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 1.5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} phosphate

    SciTech Connect

    Orlova, Maria, E-mail: maria.p.orlova@gmail.com; Perfler, Lukas; Tribus, Martina

    2016-03-15

    In this work we investigated the structural behaviour of a CaMn{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 1.5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Due to the presence of divalent Mn{sup 2+} cations this compound can possess interesting luminescence properties. It was recently understood that this phosphate undergoes a temperature induced irreversible phase transition in the range of 800–875 °C. It has also been shown that the 3d–3d luminescence of Mn{sup 2+} increases 10 fold for the high temperature polymorph. To determine the Mn environment structural investigations of both phases have been performed by the X-ray powder diffraction and Raman spectroscopy methods. The low temperature modification adopts the trigonalmore » NZP structure type with a slightly lower symmetry (space group R32, a=8.7850(2) Å, c=22.6496(7) Å, V=1514.8(1) Å{sup 3}). The high temperature form in turn has orthorhombic symmetry (space group Pnma, a=6.2350(3) Å, b=6.6281(3) Å, c=14.4731(6) Å, V=598.13(5) Å{sup 3}). Both structures were solved ab-initio from powder data and structural analysis was performed. In-situ and RT Raman spectra are consistent with the XRD derived structural model. Mn{sup 2+} cations occupy different types of positions in these structures and a change in Mn coordination number (6 for LT phase, 7 for HT phase) results in different Mn–O bond lengths. These differences may explain the change in the optical properties between the polymorphs. - Graphical abstract: The compound CaMn{sub 0.5}Zr{sub 1.5}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} was synthesized in order to create a material with enhanced luminescent properties. The goal of present studies is to define Mn{sup 2+} environment and its changes due to the structural transformations of the phosphate along phase transition at the T range of 800–875 °C. It was found that LT modification adopts the trigonal NZP structure type, sp.gr. R32, the HT form in turn exhibits orthorhombic symmetry sp.gr. Pnma. Mn2+ cations occupy different types of positions in those

  4. Magnetic field dependence of Griffith phase and magnetocaloric effect in Ca0.85Dy0.15MnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nag, Ripan; Sarkar, Bidyut; Pal, Sudipta

    2018-03-01

    Temperature and Magnetic field dependent magnetization properties of electron doped polycrystalline sample Ca0.85Dy0.15MnO3 (CDMO) prepared by solid state reaction method have been studied. The sample undergoes ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition at about 111k. From the study of magnetic properties in terms of Arrot plots it is observed that the phase transition is of 2nd order. The Griffith phase behavior of the sample is suppressed with the increase of the applied magnetic field strength H. We have estimated the magnetic entropy change from experimental magnetization and temperature data. For a magnetic field change of 8000 Oe, the maximum value of magnetic entropy change arrives at a value of 1.126 J-kg-1 k-1 in this magnetocaloric material.

  5. Ca 3d unoccupied states in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 investigated by Ca L2,3 x-ray-absorption near-edge structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borg, A.; King, P. L.; Pianetta, P.; Lindau, I.; Mitzi, D. B.; Kapitulnik, A.; Soldatov, A. V.; della Longa, S.; Bianconi, A.

    1992-10-01

    The high-resolution Ca L2,3 x-ray-absorption near-edge-structure (XANES) spectrum of a Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystal has been measured by use of a magnetic-projection x-ray microscope probing a surface area of 200×200 μm2. The Ca L2,3 XANES spectrum is analyzed by performing a multiple-scattering XANES calculation in real space and comparing the results with the spectrum of CaF2. Good agreement between the calculated and experimental crystal-field splitting Δf of the Ca 3d final states is found and the splitting is shown to be smaller by 0.5 eV than in the initial state. The Ca 3d partial density of states is found to be close to the Fermi level in the initial state. The Ca-O(in plane) distance is shown to be a critical parameter associated with the shift of the Ca 3d states relative to the Fermi level; in particular, we have studied the effect of the out-of-plane dimpling mode of the in-plane oxygen atoms O(in plane) that will move the Ca 3d states on or off the Fermi level. This mode can therefore play a role in modulating the charge transfer between the two CuO2 planes separated by the Ca ions.

  6. Carcinogenesis of PIK3CA

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    PIK3CA is the most frequently mutated oncogene in human cancers. PIK3CA is phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha. It controls cell growth, proliferation, motility, survival, differentiation and intracellular trafficking. In most of human cancer alteration occurred frequently in the alpha isoform of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase. PIK3CA mutations were most frequent in endometrial, ovarian, colorectal, breast, cervical, squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, chondroma, thyroid carcinoma and in cancer family syndrome. Inhibition of PI3K signaling can diminish cell proliferation, and in some circumstances, promote cell death. Consequently, components of this pathway present attractive targets for cancer therapeutics. A number of PI3K pathway inhibitors have been developed and used. PI3K inhibitors (both pan-PI3K and isoform-specific PI3K inhibitors), dual PI3K-mTOR inhibitors that are catalytic site inhibitors of the p110 isoforms and mTOR (the kinase component of both mTORC1 and mTORC2), mTOR catalytic site inhibitors, and AKT inhibitors are the most advanced in the clinic. They are approved for the treatment of several carcinomas. PMID:23768168

  7. Investigations on FCAM-III (Ca2.38Mg2.09Fe3+10.61Fe2+1.59Al9.33O36): A new homologue of the aenigmatite structure-type in the system CaO-MgO-Fe2O3-Al2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zöll, Klaus; Kahlenberg, Volker; Krüger, Hannes; Tropper, Peter

    2018-02-01

    In the course of a systematic study of a part of the quaternary system Fe2O3-CaO-Al2O3-MgO (FCAM) the previously unknown compound Ca2.38Mg2.09Fe3+10.61Fe2+1.59Al9.33O36 (FCAM-III) has been synthesized. By analogy with the so-called SFCA series [1-5], our investigation in the system of FCAM shows the existence of a stoichiometric homologous series M14+6nO20+8n, where M = Fe, Ca, Al, Mg and n = 1 or 2. In air, we can prove the formation of coexisting FCAM-III and FCAM-I solid solutions at 1400 °C. By increasing the temperature up to 1425 °C FCAM-I disappears completely and FCAM-III co-exists with magnesiumferrite and a variety of calcium iron oxides. At 1450 °C FCAM-III breaks down to a mixture of FCAM-I again as well as magnesioferrite and melt. Small single-crystals of FCAM-III up to 35 μm in size could be retrieved from the 1425 °C experiment and were subsequently characterized using electron microprobe analysis and synchroton X-ray single-crystal diffraction. Finally the Fe2+/Fetot ratio was calculated from the total iron content based on the crystal-chemical formula obtained from EMPA measurements and charge balance considerations. FCAM-III or Ca2.38Mg2.09Fe3+10.61Fe2+1.59Al9.33O36 has a triclinic crystal structure (space group P 1 ̅). The basic crystallographic data are: a = 10.223(22) Å, b = 10.316(21) Å, c = 14.203(15) Å, α = 93.473(50)°, β = 107.418(67)°, γ = 109.646(60)°, V = 1323.85(2) ų, Z = 1. Using Schreinemaker's technique to analyze the phase relations in the system Fe2O3-CaO-Al2O3-MgO it was possible to obtain the semi-quantitative stability relations between the participating phases and construct a topologically correct phase sequence as a function of T and fO2. The analysis shows that Ca2Al0.5Fe1.5O5 (C2A0.25F0.75) and CaAl1.5Fe2.5O7 (CA0.75F1.25) with higher calculated Fe2+ contents are preferably formed at lower oxygen fugacity and react to CaAl0.5Fe1.5O4 (CA0.25F0.75) by increasing fO2. Spinel-type magnesium

  8. Improper origin of polar displacements at CaTiO3 and CaMnO3 twin walls

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barone, Paolo; Di Sante, Domenico; Picozzi, Silvia

    2014-04-01

    Recent interest in novel functionalities arising at domain walls of ferroic materials naturally calls for a microscopic understanding. To this end, first-principles calculations have been performed in order to provide solid evidence of polar distortions in the twin walls of nonpolar CaTiO3 and magnetic CaMnO3. We show that such polar displacements arise from rotation and/or tilting octahedral distortions—cooperatively acting at the twin wall in both considered systems—rather than from a proper secondary ferroelectric instability, as often believed. Our results are in excellent agreement with experimental observations of domain walls in CaTiO3. In addition, we show that magnetic properties at the twin wall in CaMnO3 are also modified, thus suggesting an unexplored route to achieve and detect multiferroic ordering in a single-phase material.

  9. 3. VIEW SHOWING RELATIONSHIP OF EAST SIDES OF BUILDINGS 15 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. VIEW SHOWING RELATIONSHIP OF EAST SIDES OF BUILDINGS 15 ON LEFT, BUILDING 40 GARAGE IN CENTER, AND BUILDING 4 IN DISTANCE. - Chollas Heights Naval Radio Transmitting Facility, 6410 Zero Road, San Diego, San Diego County, CA

  10. The utility of serum CA-125 in predicting extra-uterine disease in apparent early-stage endometrial cancer.

    PubMed

    Nicklin, James; Janda, Monika; Gebski, Val; Jobling, Thomas; Land, Russell; Manolitsas, Tom; McCartney, Anthony; Nascimento, Marcelo; Perrin, Lewis; Baker, Jannah F; Obermair, Andreas

    2012-08-15

    Surgical staging in early-stage uterine cancer is controversial. Preoperative serum CA-125 may be of clinical value in predicting the presence of extra-uterine disease in patients with apparent early-stage endometrial cancer. Between October 6, 2005, and June 17, 2010, 760 patients were enrolled in an international, multicentre, prospective randomized trial (LACE) comparing laparotomy with laparoscopy in the management of endometrial cancer apparently confined to the uterus. Of these, 657 patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma had a preoperative serum CA-125 value recorded. Multiple cross-validation analysis was undertaken to correlate preoperative serum CA-125 with stage of disease (Stage I vs. Stage II+) after surgery. Patients' median preoperative serum CA-125 was 14 U/ml. A cutoff point of 30 U/ml was associated with the smallest misclassification error, and using this cutoff, 98 patients (14.9%) had elevated CA-125 levels. Of those, 36 (36.7%) had evidence of extra-uterine disease. Of the 116 patients (17.7%) with evidence of extra-uterine disease, 31.0% had an elevated CA-125 level. On univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis, only preoperative CA-125 level, but no other preoperative clinical characteristics were found to be associated with extra-uterine spread of disease. Utilizing a cutoff point of 30 U/ml achieved a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 31.0, 88.5, 36.7 and 85.7%, respectively. Elevated CA-125 above 30 U/ml in patients with apparent early-stage disease is a risk factor for the presence of extra-uterine disease and may assist clinicians in the management of patients with clinical Stage I endometrial cancer. Copyright © 2011 UICC.

  11. Regulation of IP 3 Receptors by IP 3 and Ca 2+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Colin W.; Swatton, Jane E.

    Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate ( IP 3) receptors are intracellular Ca 2+ channels that mediate release of Ca 2+ from intracellular stores. The channels are oligomeric assemblies of four subunits, each of which has an N-terminal IP 3-binding domain and each of which contributes to formation of the Ca 2+ channel. In mammals, three different genes encode IP 3 receptors subunits and the type 1 receptor (and perhaps the type 2 receptor) is also expressed as splice variants. Further diversity arises from assembly of the receptor in hetero- and homo-tetrameric channels. The subtypes differ in their expression and regulation, but they share the key property of being regulated by both IP3 and cytosolic Ca 2+. All three mammalian IP 3 subtypes, and probably also the IP 3 receptors expressed in invertebrates, are biphasically regulated by cytosolic Ca2+, although the underlying mechanisms appear to differ between subtypes. The interactions between IP 3 and Ca 2+ in controlling IP 3 receptor gating, and the physiological significance of such regulation will be reviewed.

  12. High-pressure synthesis and structural, physical properties of CaIr1-xPtxO3 and CaIr1-xRhxO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirai, S.; Bromiley, G. D.; Klemme, S.; Irifune, T.; Ohfuji, H.; Attfield, P.; Nishiyama, N.

    2010-12-01

    Since the discovery of the perovskite to post-perovskite transition in MgSiO3 in a laser-heated DAC, wide attention has been focussed on the post-perovskite phase of MgSiO3. This is because the post-perovskite phase is likely to play a key role in Earth’s lowermost mantle, and because the perovskite to post-perovskite transition can explain many features of the D” seismic discontinuity. While it is meaningful to conduct further studies of MgSiO3, the post-perovskite phase of MgSiO3 cannot be quenched to ambient pressure/temperature conditions. Thus, further studies must be conducted using analogue compounds of MgSiO3 post-perovskite, which are quenchable to ambient pressure/temperature conditions. The post-perovskite phase of MgSiO3 crystallizes in a layered structure with CaIrO3-structure. Therefore, it is useful to investigate compounds with CaIrO3-structure. There are only four quenchable oxides with CaIrO3-structure reported to date: CaIrO3, CaPtO3, CaRhO3 and CaRuO3. CaIrO3 can be synthesized at ambient pressure, whilst the other three oxides can only be obtained at high pressure/temperature conditions using a multi-anvil apparatus. Further studies on these materials have revealed structural phase transitions at high P-T and a metal-insulator transition by hole doping. In the case of CaIrO3, The post-perovskite phase of CaIrO3 synthesized at 2GPa, 1373K transforms into a perovskite phase at 2GPa, 1673K. In other words, the perovskite phase can be synthesized at temperatures higher than those needed for synthesizing the post-perovskite phase. This is also the case for CaRhO3 (6GPa, 1873K) and CaRuO3 (23GPa, 1343K), while CaPtO3 remained post-perovskite at higher temperatures. We have succeeded in synthesizing solid solutions between CaIrO3, CaPtO3 and CaRhO3. We have found the systematic change in structural and physical properties of post-perovskite oxides, with composition and P-T, which broadens the future opportunity for studying post-perovskite systems

  13. Optical and near-infrared study of the Ca-rich transient iPTF15eqv in the early phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawahara, Naoki; Yamanaka, Masayuki; Kawabata, Koji; Nakaoka, Tatsuya; Kawabata, Miho; Maeda, Keiichi; Takaki, Katsutoshi; Akitaya, Hiroshi; Itoh, Ryosuke; Moritani, Yuki; Uemura, Makoto; Yoshida, Michitoshi

    2018-01-01

    Supernovae (SNe) exhibiting strong calcium features in their spectra are called Ca-rich transients. Frequently their early-phase spectra also exhibit helium absorption lines. They are mostly discovered in elliptical galaxies or at a remote location far from the host galaxy center. Well-observed samples are still too limited to clarify the explosion and progenitor properties. We present optical and near-infrared observations of a Ca-rich transient iPTF15eqv in the spiral galaxy NGC 3430. The data are obtained using 1.5-m Kanata telescope since Sep 28, 2015. While the discovery was at a post-maximum-phase, we infer the maximum date to be 30 days before the discovery date, by comparing its light curve and spectroscopic evolution to those of well-observed samples. The spectra exhibit absorption lines of He I and prominent emission lines of Ca II IR and [Ca II] from +31 to 69 d after the maximum date. We find that iPTF15eqv is more luminous than other Ca-rich transients by 1.5 to 2 mag on +31 d, and we estimate that the peak absolute magnitude in the R band is approximately -18 to -16.5 mag. The decline rate of the light curve between 30 and 60 d is similar to those of SNe Ib/c. The line velocity of the helium is similar to those of Ca-rich transients but also to SNe Ib. The ejecta properties inferred from our observations indicate that iPTF15eqv has a larger nickel mass than typical Ca-rich transients. While these properties show similarity to SNe Ib, we show that most of these properties are indeed shared by other Ca-rich transients. The properties of iPTF15eqv may thus still be regarded to be within the diversities among the Ca-rich transients.

  14. Association of Preoperative Risk Factors With Malignancy in Pancreatic Mucinous Cystic Neoplasms

    PubMed Central

    Postlewait, Lauren M.; Ethun, Cecilia G.; Mclnnis, Mia R.; Merchant, Nipun; Parikh, Alexander; Idrees, Kamran; Isom, Chelsea A.; Hawkins, William; Fields, Ryan C.; Strand, Matthew; Weber, Sharon M.; Cho, Clifford S.; Salem, Ahmed; Martin, Robert C. G.; Scoggins, Charles; Bentrem, David; Kim, Hong J.; Carr, Jacquelyn; Ahmad, Syed; Abbott, Daniel E.; Wilson, Gregory C.; Kooby, David A.; Maithel, Shishir K.

    2017-01-01

    IMPORTANCE Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) harbor malignant potential, and current guidelines recommend resection. However, data are limited on preoperative risk factors for malignancy (adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia) occurring in the setting of an MCN. OBJECTIVES To examine the preoperative risk factors for malignancy in resected MCNs and to assess outcomes of MCN-associated adenocarcinoma. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Patients who underwent pancreatic resection of MCNs at the 8 academic centers of the Central Pancreas Consortium from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2014, were retrospectively identified. Preoperative factors of patients with and without malignant tumors were compared. Survival analyses were conducted for patients with adenocarcinoma. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Binary logistic regression models were used to determine the association of preoperative factors with the presence of MCN-associated malignancy. RESULTS A total of 1667 patients underwent resection of pancreatic cystic lesions, and 349 (20.9%) had an MCN (310 women [88.8%]; mean (SD) age, 53.3 [14.7] years). Male sex (odds ratio [OR], 3.72; 95% CI, 1.21–11.44; P = .02), pancreatic head and neck location (OR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.43–10.81; P = .01), increased radiographic size of the MCN (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.08–1.27; P < .001), presence of a solid component or mural nodule (OR, 4.54; 95% CI, 1.95–10.57; P < .001), and duct dilation (OR, 4.17; 95% CI, 1.63–10.64; P = .003) were independently associated with malignancy. Malignancy was not associated with presence of radiographic septations or preoperative cyst fluid analysis (carcinoembryonic antigen, amylase, or mucin presence). The median serum CA19-9 level for patients with malignant neoplasms was 210 vs 15 U/mL for those without (P = .001). In the 44 patients with adenocarcinoma, 41 (93.2%) had lymph nodes harvested, with nodal metastases in only 14 (34.1%). Median follow-up for patients with

  15. Enhanced magnetism of perovskite oxides, Sr(Sn,Fe)O3- δ , by substitution of nonmagnetic Ca and Ti ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nomura, Kiyoshi; Suzuki, Shigeyo; Mizunuma, Tomoya; Koike, Yuya; Okazawa, Atsushi

    2017-11-01

    Magnetic properties of perovskite oxides, SrSn1- x Fe x O3- δ ( x ≤ 0.15), substituted with nonmagnetic Ca and Ti ions were studied. XRD patterns showed the orthorhombic structure (close to tetragonal) of (Sr1- y Ca y )(Sn1- x Fe x )O3- δ and Sr(Sn1- x- y Fe x Ti y )O3- δ . The cell volumes decreased with the increase of Ca and Ti doping rates. Although Ti-substituted Sr(Sn, Fe)O3- δ showed small saturation magnetizations as compared with non-Ti substituted one, the magnetization increased a little with Ti doping rates up to 15%. On the other hand, all Ca-substituted Sr(Sn, Fe)O3- δ showed larger saturation magnetization than non-Ca substituted one. Two doublets of Fe3+ and a doublet of Fe4+ were observed in Mössbauer spectra of Ca-substituted Sr(Sn, Fe)O3- δ with weak ferromagnetism, and two sextets of high spin Fe3+ were additionally observed in Mössbauer spectra of Ca-doped Sr(Sn, Fe)O3- δ with relatively strong ferromagnetism. When Sr(Sn, Fe)O3- δ were further codoped with Ca and Ti ions, they showed the stable and enhanced ferromagnetic properties. It is considered that magnetic polarons among high spin Fe3+ species are overlapped by shrinking or deforming the crystal structure of perovskite oxides. That is the magnetism induced by a chemical pressure of perovskite oxides.

  16. Preoperative fasting times in elective surgical patients at a referral Hospital in Botswana.

    PubMed

    Abebe, Worknehe Agegnehu; Rukewe, Ambrose; Bekele, Negussie Alula; Stoffel, Moeng; Dichabeng, Mompelegi Nicoh; Shifa, Jemal Zeberga

    2016-01-01

    Adults and children are required to fast before anaesthesia to reduce the risk of regurgitation and aspiration of gastric contents. However, prolonged periods of fasting are unnecessary and may cause complications. This study was conducted to evaluate preoperative fasting period in our centre and compare it with the ASA recommendations and factors that influence fasting periods. This is a cross-sectional study of preoperative fasting times among elective surgical patients. A total numbers of 260 patients were interviewed as they arrived at the reception area of operating theatre using questionnaire. Majority of patients (98.1%) were instructed to fast from midnight. Fifteen patients (5.8%) reported that they were told the importance of preoperative fasting. The mean fasting period were 15.9±2.5 h (range 12.0-25.3 h) for solids and 15.3±2.3 h (range 12.0-22.0 h) for liquids. The mean duration of fasting was significantly longer for patients operated after midday compared to those operated before midday, p<0.001. The mean fasting periods were 7.65 times longer for clear liquid and 2.5 times for solids than the ASA guidelines. It is imperative that the Hospital should establish Preoperative fasting policies and teach the staff who should ensure compliance with guidelines.

  17. Upconversion emission study of Er{sup 3+} doped CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor

    SciTech Connect

    Sinha, Shriya, E-mail: Shriya.sinha6@gmail.com; Mahata, Manoj Kumar; Kumar, Kaushal

    2016-05-06

    The infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er{sup 3+} doped CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor has been investigated upon 980 nm diode laser excitation. The X-ray diffraction analysis reveals well crystalline nature and tetragonal phase structure of the prepared phosphor annealed at 800 °C. The Er{sup 3+} doped CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor has shown intense green upconversion emission upon 980 nm didode laser excitation. The green emission bands at 530 nm and 552 nm corresponds to the {sup 2}H{sub 11/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} electronic transitions, respectively of Er{sup 3+} ion. The very weak red emission band around 656more » nm is assigned to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition of Er{sup 3+} ion. The CIE color coordinate exhibits the emission color in intense green region, indicating the use of present phosphor in display device applications.« less

  18. Clinical Utility of Preoperative Computed Tomography in Patients With Endometrial Cancer.

    PubMed

    Bogani, Giorgio; Gostout, Bobbie S; Dowdy, Sean C; Multinu, Francesco; Casarin, Jvan; Cliby, William A; Frigerio, Luigi; Kim, Bohyun; Weaver, Amy L; Glaser, Gretchen E; Mariani, Andrea

    2017-10-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the clinical utility of routine preoperative pelvic and abdominal computed tomography (CT) examinations in patients with endometrial cancer (EC). We retrospectively reviewed records from patients with EC who underwent a preoperative endometrial biopsy and had surgery at our institution from January 1999 through December 2008. In the subset with an abdominal CT scan obtained within 3 months before surgery, we evaluated the clinical utility of the CT scan. Overall, 224 patients (18%) had a preoperative endometrial biopsy and an available CT scan. Gross intra-abdominal disease was observed in 10% and 20% of patients with preoperative diagnosis of endometrioid G3 and type II EC, respectively, whereas less than 5% of patients had a preoperative diagnosis of hyperplasia or low-grade EC. When examining retroperitoneal findings, we observed that a negative CT scan of the pelvis did not exclude the presence of pelvic node metastasis. Alternately, a negative CT scan in the para-aortic area generally reduced the probability of finding para-aortic dissemination but with an overall low sensitivity (42%). However, the sensitivity for para-aortic dissemination was as high as 67% in patients with G3 endometrioid cancer. In the case of negative para-aortic nodes in the CT scan, the risk of para-aortic node metastases decreased from 18.8% to 7.5% in patients with endometrioid G3 EC. Up to 15% of patients with endometrioid G3 cancer had clinically relevant incidental findings that necessitated medical or surgical intervention. In patients with endometrioid G3 and type II EC diagnosed by the preoperative biopsy, CT scans may help guide the operative plan by facilitating preoperative identification of gross intra-abdominal disease and enlarged positive para-aortic nodes that are not detectable during physical examinations. In addition, CT may reveal other clinically relevant incidental findings.

  19. Porous Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 Ceramics for Pyroelectric Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Moolchand; Singh, V. P.; Singh, Shatrughan; Azad, Puneet; Ilahi, Bouraoui; Madhar, Niyaz Ahamad

    2018-05-01

    Porous Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 (BCZT) ferroelectric ceramics were fabricated using a solid-state reaction consisting of BCZT and poly(methyl methacrylate)(PMMA) (2%, 4%, 8% and 10% by wt.%) as a pore former. By increasing the PMMA content from 0% to 10%, porosity increased from 8% to 29%. It was found that the dielectric constant (ɛ r ) decreased and the dielectric loss (tanδ) increased with increasing porosity. At 29% porosity, ɛ r of the BCZT was found to decrease more, from 3481 to 1117 at 5 kHz and at room temperature. The dielectric constant and volume-specific heat capacity decreased with the increase in porosity which ultimately improved the pyroelectric figure-of-merits (FOMs). Further, the pyroelectric FOMs were estimated and found to be improved at optimum porosity.

  20. Interfacial magnetism in CaRuO3/CaMnO3 superlattices grown on (001) SrTiO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, C.; Zhai, X.; Mehta, V. V.; Wong, F. J.; Suzuki, Y.

    2011-04-01

    We have studied epitaxially grown superlattices of CaRuO3/CaMnO3 as well as an alloy film of CaMn0.5Ru0.5O3 on (001) SrTiO3 substrates. In contrast to previous experiments, we have studied CRO/CMO superlattices with a constant CRO thickness and variable CMO thickness. All superlattices exhibit Curie temperatures (TC) of 110 K. The saturated magnetization per interfacial Mn cation has been found to be 1.1 μB/Mn ion. The TC's of the superlattices are much lower than the TC of the alloy film while the saturated magnetization values are larger than that of the alloy film. These observations suggest that interdiffusion alone cannot account for ferromagnetism in the superlattices and that double exchange induced FM must play a role at the interfaces.

  1. Ferrocenyl-doped silica nanoparticles as an immobilized affinity support for electrochemical immunoassay of cancer antigen 15-3.

    PubMed

    Hong, Chenglin; Yuan, Ruo; Chai, Yaqin; Zhuo, Ying

    2009-02-09

    The aim of this study is to elaborate a simple and sensitive electrochemical immunoassay using ferrocenecarboxylic (Fc-COOH)-doped silica nanoparticles (SNPs) as an immobilized affinity support for cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) detection. The Fc-COOH-doped SNPs with redox-active were prepared by using a water-in-oil microemulsion method. The use of colloidal silica could prevent the leakage of Fc-COOH and were easily modified with trialkoxysilane reagents for covalent conjugation of CA 15-3 antibodies (anti-CA 15-3). The Fc-COOH-doped SNPs were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The fabrication process of the electrochemical immunosensor was demonstrated by using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. Under optimal conditions, the developed immunosensor showed good linearity at the studied concentration range of 2.0-240 UmL(-1) with a coefficient 0.9986 and a detection limit of 0.64 UmL(-1) at S/N=3.

  2. CA19-9 serum levels predict micrometastases in patients with gastric cancer

    PubMed Central

    Potrc, Stojan; Mis, Katarina; Plankl, Mojca; Mars, Tomaz

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background We explored the prognostic value of the up-regulated carbohydrate antigen (CA19-9) in node-negative patients with gastric cancer as a surrogate marker for micrometastases. Patients and methods Micrometastases were determined using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) for a subgroup of 30 node-negative patients. This group was used to determine the cut-off for preoperative CA19-9 serum levels as a surrogate marker for micrometastases. Then 187 node-negative T1 to T4 patients were selected to validate the predictive value of this CA19-9 threshold. Results Patients with micrometastases had significantly higher preoperative CA19-9 serum levels compared to patients without micrometastases (p = 0.046). CA19-9 serum levels were significantly correlated with tumour site, tumour diameter, and perineural invasion. Although not reaching significance, subgroup analysis showed better five-year survival rates for patients with CA19-9 serum levels below the threshold, compared to patients with CA19-9 serum levels above the cut-off. The cumulative survival for T2 to T4 node-negative patients was significantly better with CA19-9 serum levels below the cut-off (p = 0.04). Conclusions Preoperative CA19-9 serum levels can be used to predict higher risk for haematogenous spread and micrometastases in node-negative patients. However, CA19-9 serum levels lack the necessary sensitivity and specificity to reliably predict micrometastases. PMID:27247553

  3. High-resolution 3D-constructive interference in steady-state MR imaging and 3D time-of-flight MR angiography in neurovascular compression: a comparison between 3T and 1.5T.

    PubMed

    Garcia, M; Naraghi, R; Zumbrunn, T; Rösch, J; Hastreiter, P; Dörfler, A

    2012-08-01

    High-resolution MR imaging is useful for diagnosis and preoperative planning in patients with NVC. Because high-field MR imaging promises higher SNR and resolution, the aim of this study was to determine the value of high-resolution 3D-CISS and 3D-TOF MRA at 3T compared with 1.5T in patients with NVC. Forty-seven patients with NVC, trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia were examined at 1.5T and 3T, including high-resolution 3D-CISS and 3D-TOF MRA sequences. Delineation of anatomic structures, overall image quality, severity of artifacts, visibility of NVC, and assessment of the SNR and CNR were compared between field strengths. SNR and CNR were significantly higher at 3T (P < .001). Significantly better anatomic conspicuity, including delineation of CNs, nerve branches, and assessment of small vessels, was obtained at 3T (P < .02). Severity of artifacts was significantly lower at 3T (P < .001). Consequently, overall image quality was significantly higher at 3T. NVC was significantly better delineated at 3T (P < .001). Six patients in whom NVC was not with certainty identifiable at 1.5T were correctly diagnosed at 3T. Patients with NVC may benefit from the higher resolution and greater sensitivity of 3T for preoperative assessment of NVC, and 3T may be of particular value when 1.5T is equivocal.

  4. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate increases intracellular [Ca2+] in U87 cells mainly by influx of extracellular Ca2+ and partly by release of intracellular stores.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hee Jung; Yum, Keun Sang; Sung, Jong-Ho; Rhie, Duck-Joo; Kim, Myung-Jun; Min, Do Sik; Hahn, Sang June; Kim, Myung-Suk; Jo, Yang-Hyeok; Yoon, Shin Hee

    2004-02-01

    Green tea has been receiving considerable attention as a possible preventive agent against cancer and cardiovascular disease. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a major polyphenol component of green tea. Using digital calcium imaging and an assay for [3H]-inositol phosphates, we determined whether EGCG increases intracellular [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i) in non-excitable human astrocytoma U87 cells. EGCG induced concentration-dependent increases in [Ca2+]i. The EGCG-induced [Ca2+]i increases were reduced to 20.9% of control by removal of extracellular Ca2+. The increases were also inhibited markedly by treatment with the non-specific Ca2+ channel inhibitors cobalt (3 mM) for 3 min and lanthanum (1 mM) for 5 min. The increases were not significantly inhibited by treatment for 10 min with the L-type Ca2+ channel blocker nifedipine (100 nM). Treatment with the inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase thapsigargin (1 micro M) also significantly inhibited the EGCG-induced [Ca2+]i increases. Treatment for 15 min with the phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor neomycin (300 micro M) attenuated the increases significantly, while the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein (30 micro M) had no effect. EGCG increased [3H]-inositol phosphates formation via PLC activation. Treatment for 10 min with mefenamic acid (100 micro M) and flufenamic acid (100 micro M), derivatives of diphenylamine-2-carboxylate, blocked the EGCG-induced [Ca2+]i increase in non-treated and thapsigargin-treated cells but indomethacin (100 micro M) did not affect the increases. Collectively, these data suggest that EGCG increases [Ca2+]i in non-excitable U87 cells mainly by eliciting influx of extracellular Ca2+ and partly by mobilizing intracellular Ca2+ stores by PLC activation. The EGCG-induced [Ca2+]i influx is mediated mainly through channels sensitive to diphenylamine-2-carboxylate derivatives.

  5. Tuning the magnetocaloric properties of La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 manganites through Ni-doping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gómez, A.; Chavarriaga, E.; Supelano, I.; Parra, C. A.; Morán, O.

    2018-04-01

    The effect of Ni2+ doping on the magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 manganites synthesized via the auto-combustion method is reported. The aim of studying Ni2+-substituted La0.7Ca0.3Mn1 - xNixO3 (x = 0 , 0.02 , 0.07, and 0.1) manganites was to explore the possibility of increasing the operating temperature range for the magnetocaloric effect through tuning of the magnetic transition temperature. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the phase purity of the synthesized samples. The substitution of Mn3+ ions by Ni2+ ions in the La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 lattice was also corroborated through this technique. The dependence of the magnetization on the temperature reveals that all the compositions exhibit a well-defined ferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition near the Curie temperature. A systematic decrease in the values of the Curie temperature is clearly observed upon Ni2+ doping. Probably the replacement of Mn3+ by Ni2+ ions in the La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 lattice weakens the Mn3+-O-Mn4+ double exchange interaction, which leads to a decrease in the transition temperature and the magnetic moment in the samples. By using Arrott plots, it was found that the phase transition from ferromagnetic to paramagnetic is second order. The maximum magnetic entropy changes observed for the x = 0 , 0.02 , 0.07, and 0.1 composites was 0.85, 0.77, 0.63, and 0.59 J/kg K, respectively, under a magnetic field of 1.5 T. In general, it was verified that the magnetic entropy change achieved for La0.7Ca0.3Mn1 - xNixO3 manganites synthesized via the auto-combustion method is higher than those reported for other manganites with comparable Ni2+-doping levels synthesized via standard solid state reaction. The addition of Ni2+ increases the value of the relative cooling power as compared to that of the parent compound. The highest value of this parameter (∼60 J/kg) is found for a Ni-doping level of 2% around 230 K in a field of 1.5 T.

  6. 15. Photographic copy of photograph dated ca. 1929; Photographer unknown; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photographic copy of photograph dated ca. 1929; Photographer unknown; Original in Rath collection at Grout Museum, Waterloo, Iowa; Filed under: Rath Packing Company, Box 4; THE RATH COMPLEX IN THE LATE 1920S; LOOKING WEST FROM 18TH STREET; LARGE BUILDING AT CENTER IS HOG KILL (BUILDING 40) - Rath Packing Company, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

  7. CA 15-3 predicting breast cancer relapse: beware of vitamin B12 deficiency.

    PubMed

    Rassy, Elie El; Ghor, Maya Al; Kattan, Joseph

    2018-05-10

    A sustained increase of cancer antigen 15-3 serum levels was found in a 54-year-old woman treated 2 years ago for early stage breast cancer, without any evidence of cancer recurrence. The patient thereafter developed severe megaloblastic anemia secondary to vitamin B12 deficiency. Supplementation with B12 to reverse the anemia led to the normalization of the cancer antigen 15-3 serum levels. As such, with the limited understanding of molecular biology, the integrative approach of clinical history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging remain pivotal in the management of cancer patients.

  8. Calcium-activated K(+) channel (K(Ca)3.1) activity during Ca(2+) store depletion and store-operated Ca(2+) entry in human macrophages.

    PubMed

    Gao, Ya-dong; Hanley, Peter J; Rinné, Susanne; Zuzarte, Marylou; Daut, Jurgen

    2010-07-01

    STIM1 'senses' decreases in endoplasmic reticular (ER) luminal Ca(2+) and induces store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) entry through plasma membrane Orai channels. The Ca(2+)/calmodulin-activated K(+) channel K(Ca)3.1 (previously known as SK4) has been implicated as an 'amplifier' of the Ca(2+)-release activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) current, especially in T lymphocytes. We have previously shown that human macrophages express K(Ca)3.1, and here we used the whole-cell patch-clamp technique to investigate the activity of these channels during Ca(2+) store depletion and store-operated Ca(2+) influx. Using RT-PCR, we found that macrophages express the elementary CRAC channel components Orai1 and STIM1, as well as Orai2, Orai3 and STIM2, but not the putatively STIM1-activated channels TRPC1, TRPC3-7 or TRPV6. In whole-cell configuration, a robust Ca(2+)-induced outwardly rectifying K(+) current inhibited by clotrimazole and augmented by DC-EBIO could be detected, consistent with K(Ca)3.1 channel current (also known as intermediate-conductance IK1). Introduction of extracellular Ca(2+) following Ca(2+) store depletion via P2Y(2) receptors induced a robust charybdotoxin (CTX)- and 2-APB-sensitive outward K(+) current and hyperpolarization. We also found that SOC entry induced by thapsigargin treatment induced CTX-sensitive K(+) current in HEK293 cells transiently expressing K(Ca)3.1. Our data suggest that SOC and K(Ca)3.1 channels are tightly coupled, such that a small Ca(2+) influx current induces a much large K(Ca)3.1 channel current and hyperpolarization, providing the necessary electrochemical driving force for prolonged Ca(2+) signaling and store repletion. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Association of Preoperative Risk Factors With Malignancy in Pancreatic Mucinous Cystic Neoplasms: A Multicenter Study.

    PubMed

    Postlewait, Lauren M; Ethun, Cecilia G; McInnis, Mia R; Merchant, Nipun; Parikh, Alexander; Idrees, Kamran; Isom, Chelsea A; Hawkins, William; Fields, Ryan C; Strand, Matthew; Weber, Sharon M; Cho, Clifford S; Salem, Ahmed; Martin, Robert C G; Scoggins, Charles; Bentrem, David; Kim, Hong J; Carr, Jacquelyn; Ahmad, Syed; Abbott, Daniel E; Wilson, Gregory C; Kooby, David A; Maithel, Shishir K

    2017-01-01

    Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) harbor malignant potential, and current guidelines recommend resection. However, data are limited on preoperative risk factors for malignancy (adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia) occurring in the setting of an MCN. To examine the preoperative risk factors for malignancy in resected MCNs and to assess outcomes of MCN-associated adenocarcinoma. Patients who underwent pancreatic resection of MCNs at the 8 academic centers of the Central Pancreas Consortium from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2014, were retrospectively identified. Preoperative factors of patients with and without malignant tumors were compared. Survival analyses were conducted for patients with adenocarcinoma. Binary logistic regression models were used to determine the association of preoperative factors with the presence of MCN-associated malignancy. A total of 1667 patients underwent resection of pancreatic cystic lesions, and 349 (20.9%) had an MCN (310 women [88.8%]; mean (SD) age, 53.3 [14.7] years). Male sex (odds ratio [OR], 3.72; 95% CI, 1.21-11.44; P = .02), pancreatic head and neck location (OR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.43-10.81; P = .01), increased radiographic size of the MCN (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.08-1.27; P < .001), presence of a solid component or mural nodule (OR, 4.54; 95% CI, 1.95-10.57; P < .001), and duct dilation (OR, 4.17; 95% CI, 1.63-10.64; P = .003) were independently associated with malignancy. Malignancy was not associated with presence of radiographic septations or preoperative cyst fluid analysis (carcinoembryonic antigen, amylase, or mucin presence). The median serum CA19-9 level for patients with malignant neoplasms was 210 vs 15 U/mL for those without (P = .001). In the 44 patients with adenocarcinoma, 41 (93.2%) had lymph nodes harvested, with nodal metastases in only 14 (34.1%). Median follow-up for patients with adenocarcinoma was 27 months. Adenocarcinoma recurred in 11 patients (25%), with a 64

  10. Rice-like hollow nano-CaCO3 synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ulkeryildiz, Eda; Kilic, Sevgi; Ozdemir, Ekrem

    2016-09-01

    We have shown that Ca(OH)2 solution is a natural stabilizer for CaCO3 particles. We designed a CO2 bubbling crystallization reactor to produce nano-CaCO3 particles in homogenous size distribution without aggregation. In the experimental set-up, the crystallization region was separated from the stabilization region. The produced nanoparticles were removed from the crystallization region into the stabilization region before aggregation or crystal growth. It was shown that rice-like hollow nano-CaCO3 particles in about 250 nm in size were produced with almost monodispersed size distribution. The particles started to dissolve through their edges as CO2 bubbles were injected, which opened-up the pores inside the particles. At the late stages of crystallization, the open pores were closed as a result of dissolution-recrystallization of the newly synthesized CaCO3 particles. These particles were stable in Ca(OH)2 solution and no aggregation was detected. The present methodology can be used in drug encapsulation into inorganic CaCO3 particles for cancer treatment with some modifications.

  11. Formation process of micro arc oxidation coatings obtained in a sodium phytate containing solution with and without CaCO3 on binary Mg-1.0Ca alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, R. F.; Zhang, Y. Q.; Zhang, S. F.; B. Qu; Guo, S. B.; Xiang, J. H.

    2015-01-01

    Micro arc oxidation (MAO) is an effective method to improve the corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys. In order to reveal the influence of alloying element Ca and CaCO3 electrolyte on the formation process and chemical compositions of MAO coatings on binary Mg-1.0Ca alloy, anodic coatings after different anodizing times were prepared on binary Mg-1.0Ca alloy in a base solution containing 3 g/L sodium hydroxide and 15 g/L sodium phytate with and without addition of CaCO3. The coating formation was studied by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results show that Mg-1.0Ca alloy is composed of two phases, the Mg phase and Mg2Ca phase. After treating for 5 s, the coating began to develop and was preferentially formed on the area nearby Mg2Ca phase, which may be resulted from the intrinsic electronegative potential of the Mg phase than that of Mg2Ca phase. Anodic coatings unevenly covered the total surface after 20 s. After 80 s, the coatings were uniformly developed on Mg-1.0Ca alloy with micro pores. During MAO process, some sodium phytate molecules are hydrolyzed into inorganic phosphate. CaCO3 has minor influence on the calcium content of the obtained MAO coatings.

  12. [Application of 3D printing and computer-assisted surgical simulation in preoperative planning for acetabular fracture].

    PubMed

    Liu, Xin; Zeng, Can-Jun; Lu, Jian-Sen; Lin, Xu-Chen; Huang, Hua-Jun; Tan, Xin-Yu; Cai, Dao-Zhang

    2017-03-20

    To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of using 3D printing and computer-assisted surgical simulation in preoperative planning for acetabular fractures. A retrospective analysis was performed in 53 patients with pelvic fracture, who underwent surgical treatment between September, 2013 and December, 2015 with complete follow-up data. Among them, 19 patients were treated with CT three-dimensional reconstruction, computer-assisted virtual reset internal fixation, 3D model printing, and personalized surgery simulation before surgery (3D group), and 34 patients underwent routine preoperative examination (conventional group). The intraoperative blood loss, transfusion volume, times of intraoperative X-ray, operation time, Matta score and Merle D' Aubigne & Postel score were recorded in the 2 groups. Preoperative planning and postoperative outcomes in the two groups were compared. All the operations were completed successfully. In 3D group, significantly less intraoperative blood loss, transfusion volume, fewer times of X-ray, and shortened operation time were recorded compared with those in the conventional group (P<0.05). According to the Matta scores, excellent or good fracture reduction was achieved in 94.7% (18/19) of the patients in 3D group and in 82.4% (28/34) of the patients in conventional group; the rates of excellent and good hip function at the final follow-up were 89.5% (17/19) in the 3D group and 85.3% (29/34) in the conventional group (P>0.05). In the 3D group, the actual internal fixation well matched the preoperative design. 3D printing and computer-assisted surgical simulation for preoperative planning is feasible and accurate for management of acetabular fracture and can effectively improve the operation efficiency.

  13. Multifield Control of Domains in a Room-Temperature Multiferroic 0.85BiTi0.1Fe0.8Mg0.1O3-0.15CaTiO3 Thin Film.

    PubMed

    Jia, Tingting; Fan, Ziran; Yao, Junxiang; Liu, Cong; Li, Yuhao; Yu, Junxi; Fu, Bi; Zhao, Hongyang; Osada, Minoru; Esfahani, Ehsan Nasr; Yang, Yaodong; Wang, Yuanxu; Li, Jiang-Yu; Kimura, Hideo; Cheng, Zhenxiang

    2018-06-20

    Single-phase materials that combine electric polarization and magnetization are promising for applications in multifunctional sensors, information storage, spintronic devices, etc. Following the idea of a percolating network of magnetic ions (e.g., Fe) with strong superexchange interactions within a structural scaffold with a polar lattice, a solid solution thin film with perovskite structure at a morphotropic phase boundary with a high level of Fe atoms on the B site of perovskite structure is deposited to combine both ferroelectric and ferromagnetic ordering at room temperature with magnetoelectric coupling. In this work, a 0.85BiTi 0.1 Fe 0.8 Mg 0.1 O 3 -0.15CaTiO 3 thin film has been deposited by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). Both the ferroelectricity and the magnetism were characterized at room temperature. Large polarization and a large piezoelectric effective coefficient d 33 were obtained. Multifield coupling of the thin film has been characterized by scanning force microscopy. Ferroelectric domains and magnetic domains could be switched by magnetic field ( H), electric field ( E), mechanical force ( F), and, indicating that complex cross-coupling exists among the electric polarization, magnetic ordering and elastic deformation in 0.85BiTi 0.1 F e0.8 Mg 0.1 O 3 -0.15CaTiO 3 thin film at room temperature. This work also shows the possibility of writing information with electric field, magnetic field, and mechanical force and then reading data by magnetic field. We expect that this work will benefit information applications.

  14. Photoemission study of absorption mechanisms in Bi2.0Sr1.8Ca0.8La0.3Cu2.1O8+δ, BaBiO3, and Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lindberg, P. A. P.; Shen, Z.-X.; Wells, B. O.; Dessau, D. S.; Ellis, W. P.; Borg, A.; Kang, J.-S.; Mitzi, D. B.; Lindau, I.; Spicer, W. E.; Kapitulnik, A.

    1989-11-01

    Photoemission measurements in the constant-final-state (absorption) mode were performed on three different classes of high-temperature superconductors Bi2.0Sr1.8Ca0.8La0.3Cu2.1O8+δ, BaBiO3, and Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO4 using synchrotron radiation from 20 to 200 eV. Absorption signals from all elements but Ce are identified. The results firmly show that the Bi 6s electrons are more delocalized in BaBiO3 than in Bi2.0Sr1.8Ca0.8La0.3Cu2.1O8+δ, in agreement with the results of band-structure calculations. Differences in the absorption signals due to O and Bi excitations between BaBiO3 and Bi2.0Sr1.8Ca0.8La0.3Cu2.1O8+δ are discussed. Delayed absorption onsets attributed to giant resonances (Ba 4d-->4f, La 4d-->4f, and Nd 4d-->4f transitions) are also reported.

  15. Impact of Preoperative Opioid Use After Emergency General Surgery.

    PubMed

    Kim, Young; Cortez, Alexander R; Wima, Koffi; Dhar, Vikrom K; Athota, Krishna P; Schrager, Jason J; Pritts, Timothy A; Edwards, Michael J; Shah, Shimul A

    2018-01-16

    Preoperative exposure to narcotics has recently been associated with poor outcomes after elective major surgery, but little is known as to how preoperative opioid use impacts outcomes after common, emergency general surgical procedures (EGS). A high-volume, single-center analysis was performed on patients who underwent EGS from 2012 to 2013. EGS was defined as the seven emergent operations that account for 80% of the national burden. Preoperative opioid use was defined as having an active opioid prescription within 7 days prior to surgery. Chronic opioid use was defined as having an opioid prescription concurrent with 90 days after discharge. A total of 377 patients underwent EGS during the study period. Preoperative opioid use was present in 84 patients (22.3%). Preoperative opioid users had longer hospital LOS (10.5 vs 6 days), higher costs of care ($25,331 vs $11,454), and higher 30-day readmission rates (22.6 vs 8.2%) compared with opioid-naïve patients (p < 0.001 each). After covariate adjustment, preoperative opioid use was predictive of LOS (RR 1.19 [1.01-1.41]) and 30-day hospital readmission (OR 2.69 [1.25-5.75]) (p < 0.05 each). Total direct cost was not different after modeling. Preoperative opioid users required more narcotic refills compared with opioid-naïve patients (5 vs 0 refills, p < 0.001). After discharge, 15.4% of opioid-naïve patients met criteria for chronic opioid use, vs 77.4% in preoperative opioid users (p < 0.001). Preoperative opioid use is associated with greater resource utilization after emergency general surgery, as well as vastly different postoperative opioid prescription patterns. These findings may help to inform the impact of preoperative opioid use on patient care, and its implications on hospital and societal cost.

  16. Preoperative fasting times in elective surgical patients at a referral Hospital in Botswana

    PubMed Central

    Abebe, Worknehe Agegnehu; Rukewe, Ambrose; Bekele, Negussie Alula; Stoffel, Moeng; Dichabeng, Mompelegi Nicoh; Shifa, Jemal Zeberga

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Adults and children are required to fast before anaesthesia to reduce the risk of regurgitation and aspiration of gastric contents. However, prolonged periods of fasting are unnecessary and may cause complications. This study was conducted to evaluate preoperative fasting period in our centre and compare it with the ASA recommendations and factors that influence fasting periods. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of preoperative fasting times among elective surgical patients. A total numbers of 260 patients were interviewed as they arrived at the reception area of operating theatre using questionnaire. Results Majority of patients (98.1%) were instructed to fast from midnight. Fifteen patients (5.8%) reported that they were told the importance of preoperative fasting. The mean fasting period were 15.9±2.5 h (range 12.0-25.3 h) for solids and 15.3±2.3 h (range 12.0-22.0 h) for liquids. The mean duration of fasting was significantly longer for patients operated after midday compared to those operated before midday, p<0.001. Conclusion The mean fasting periods were 7.65 times longer for clear liquid and 2.5 times for solids than the ASA guidelines. It is imperative that the Hospital should establish Preoperative fasting policies and teach the staff who should ensure compliance with guidelines. PMID:27222691

  17. Preoperative Falls Predict Postoperative Falls, Functional Decline, and Surgical Complications.

    PubMed

    Kronzer, Vanessa L; Jerry, Michelle R; Ben Abdallah, Arbi; Wildes, Troy S; Stark, Susan L; McKinnon, Sherry L; Helsten, Daniel L; Sharma, Anshuman; Avidan, Michael S

    2016-10-01

    Falls are common and linked to morbidity. Our objectives were to characterize postoperative falls, and determine whether preoperative falls independently predicted postoperative falls (primary outcome), functional dependence, quality of life, complications, and readmission. This prospective cohort study included 7982 unselected patients undergoing elective surgery. Data were collected from the medical record, a baseline survey, and follow-up surveys approximately 30days and one year after surgery. Fall rates (per 100 person-years) peaked at 175 (hospitalization), declined to 140 (30-day survey), and then to 97 (one-year survey). After controlling for confounders, a history of one, two, and ≥three preoperative falls predicted postoperative falls at 30days (adjusted odds ratios [aOR] 2.3, 3.6, 5.5) and one year (aOR 2.3, 3.4, 6.9). One, two, and ≥three falls predicted functional decline at 30days (aOR 1.2, 2.4, 2.4) and one year (aOR 1.3, 1.5, 3.2), along with in-hospital complications (aOR 1.2, 1.3, 2.0). Fall history predicted adverse outcomes better than commonly-used metrics, but did not predict quality of life deterioration or readmission. Falls are common after surgery, and preoperative falls herald postoperative falls and other adverse outcomes. A history of preoperative falls should be routinely ascertained. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. MicroRNA-375 inhibits colorectal cancer growth by targeting PIK3CA

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Yihui; Tang, Qingchao; Li, Mingqi

    2014-02-07

    Highlights: • miR-375 is downregulated in colorectal cancer cell lines and tissues. • miR-375 inhibits colorectal cancer cell growth by targeting PIK3CA. • miR-375 inhibits colorectal cancer cell growth in xenograft nude mice model. - Abstract: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of death from cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) represent a class of small non-coding RNAs that control gene expression by triggering RNA degradation or interfering with translation. Aberrant miRNA expression is involved in human disease including cancer. Herein, we showed that miR-375 was frequently down-regulated in human colorectal cancer cell lines and tissues when compared to normalmore » human colon tissues. PIK3CA was identified as a potential miR-375 target by bioinformatics. Overexpression of miR-375 in SW480 and HCT15 cells reduced PIK3CA protein expression. Subsequently, using reporter constructs, we showed that the PIK3CA untranslated region (3′-UTR) carries the directly binding site of miR-375. Additionally, miR-375 suppressed CRC cell proliferation and colony formation and led to cell cycle arrest. Furthermore, miR-375 overexpression resulted in inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway. SiRNA-mediated silencing of PIK3CA blocked the inhibitory effect of miR-375 on CRC cell growth. Lastly, we found overexpressed miR-375 effectively repressed tumor growth in xenograft animal experiments. Taken together, we propose that overexpression of miR-375 may provide a selective growth inhibition for CRC cells by targeting PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.« less

  19. Dual PI3K/mTOR Inhibition in Colorectal Cancers with APC and PIK3CA Mutations.

    PubMed

    Foley, Tyler M; Payne, Susan N; Pasch, Cheri A; Yueh, Alex E; Van De Hey, Dana R; Korkos, Demetra P; Clipson, Linda; Maher, Molly E; Matkowskyj, Kristina A; Newton, Michael A; Deming, Dustin A

    2017-02-09

    Therapeutic targeting of the PI3K pathway is an active area of research in multiple cancer types, including breast and endometrial cancers. This pathway is commonly altered in cancer and plays an integral role in numerous vital cellular functions. Mutations in the PIK3CA gene, resulting in a constitutively active form of PI3K, often occur in colorectal cancer, though the population of patients who would benefit from targeting this pathway has yet to be identified. In human colorectal cancers, PIK3CA mutations most commonly occur concomitantly with loss of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC). Here, treatment strategies are investigated that target the PI3K pathway in colon cancers with mutations in APC and PIK3CA Colorectal cancer spheroids with Apc and Pik3ca mutations were generated and characterized confirming that these cultures represent the tumors from which they were derived. Pan and alpha isomer-specific PI3K inhibitors did not induce a significant treatment response, whereas the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitors BEZ235 and LY3023414 induced a dramatic treatment response through decreased cellular proliferation and increased differentiation. The significant treatment responses were confirmed in mice with Apc and Pik3ca -mutant colon cancers as measured using endoscopy with a reduction in median lumen occlusion of 53% with BEZ235 and a 24% reduction with LY3023414 compared with an increase of 53% in controls ( P < 0.001 and P = 0.03, respectively). This response was also confirmed with 18 F-FDG microPET/CT imaging. Implications: Spheroid models and transgenic mice suggest that dual PI3K/mTOR inhibition is a potential treatment strategy for APC and PIK3CA -mutant colorectal cancers. Thus, further clinical studies of dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitors are warranted in colorectal cancers with these mutations. Mol Cancer Res; 15(3); 1-11. ©2016 AACR. ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.

  20. Ca2 Al2 SiO7 :Ce3+ phosphors for mechanoluminescence dosimetry.

    PubMed

    Tiwari, Geetanjali; Brahme, Nameeta; Sharma, Ravi; Bisen, D P; Sao, Sanjay Kumar; Sahu, Ishwar Prasad

    2016-12-01

    A series of Ce 3+ ion single-doped Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 phosphors was synthesized by a combustion-assisted method at an initiating temperature of 600 °C. The samples were annealed at 1100 °C for 3 h and their X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed a tetragonal structure. The phase structure, particle size, surface morphology and elemental analysis were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy techniques. Thermoluminescence (TL) intensity increased with increase in ultraviolet (UV) light exposure time up to 15 min. With further increase in the UV irradiation time the TL intensity decreases. The increase in TL intensity indicates that trap concentration increased with UV exposure time. A broad peak at 121 °C suggested the existence of a trapping level. The peak of mechanoluminescence (ML) intensity versus time curve increased linearly with increasing impact velocity of the moving piston. Mechanoluminescence intensity increased with increase in UV irradiation time up to 15 min. Under UV-irradiation excitation, the TL and ML emission spectra of Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Ce 3+ phosphor showed the characteristic emission of Ce 3+ peaking at 400 nm (UV-violet) and originating from the Ce 3+ transitions of 5d-4f ( 2 F 5/2 and 2 F 7/2 ). The photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra for Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Ce 3+ were similar to the ML/TL emission spectra. The mechanism of ML excitation and the suitability of the Ca 2 Al 2 SiO 7 :Ce 3+ phosphor for radiation dosimetry are discussed. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. The CaGeO3 Ca3Fe2Ge3O12 garnet join: an experimental study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iezzi, Gianluca; Boffa-Ballaran, Tiziana; McCammon, Catherine; Langenhorst, Falko

    2005-06-01

    Germanate garnets are often used as isostructural analogues of silicate garnets to provide insight into the crystal chemistry and symmetry of the less accessible natural garnet solid solutions. We synthesised two series of germanate garnets at 3 GPa along the joinVIIICa3VI(CaGe)IVGe3O12 VIIICa3VIFe2IVGe3O12 at 900 °C and 1,100 °C. Samples with compositions close to the CaGeO3 end-member consist of tetragonal garnet with a small amount of triclinic CaGe2O5. Samples with nominal compositions between XFe=0.4 and 1.0 consist of a mixture of tetragonal and cubic garnets; whereas, single-phase cubic garnets were obtained for compositions with XFe>1.2 (XFe gives the iron content expressed in atoms per formula unit, and varies between 0 and 2 along the join). Run products which were primarily single-phase garnet were investigated using Mössbauer spectroscopy. Spectra from samples synthesised at 1,100°C consist of one well-resolved doublet that can be assigned to Fe3+ in the octahedral site of the garnet structure. A second doublet, present primarily in samples synthesised at 900°C, can be assigned to Fe2+ at the octahedral sites of the garnet structure. The relative abundance of Fe2+ decreases with increasing iron content. Transmission electron microscopy analyses confirm this tendency and show that the garnets are essentially defect-free. The unit-cell parameters of tetragonal VIIICa3VI(CaGe)IVGe3O3 garnet decrease with increasing synthesis temperature, and the deviation from cubic symmetry becomes smaller. Cubic garnets show a linear decrease of unit-cell parameter with increasing iron content. The results are discussed in the context of iron incorporation into VIIIMg3VI(MgSi)IVSi3O3 majorite.

  2. Thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence properties of Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-based glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yahaba, T.; Fujimoto, Y.; Yanagida, T.; Koshimizu, M.; Tanaka, H.; Saeki, K.; Asai, K.

    2017-02-01

    We developed Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3 based glasses with Dy concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mol% using a melt-quenching technique. The as-synthesized glasses were applicable as materials exhibiting thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). The optical and radiation response properties of the glasses were characterized. In the photoluminescence (PL) spectra, two emission bands due to the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 transitions of Dy3+ were observed at 480 and 580 nm. In the OSL spectra, the emission band due to the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 transition of Dy3+ was observed. Excellent TL and OSL responses were observed for dose ranges of 0.1-90 Gy. In addition, TL fading behavior was better than that of OSL in term of the long-time storage. These results indicate that the Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-based glasses are applicable as TL materials.

  3. Modulation of Ca(v)3.1 T-type Ca2+ channels by the ran binding protein RanBPM.

    PubMed

    Kim, Taehyun; Kim, Sunoh; Yun, Hyung-Mun; Chung, Kwang Chul; Han, Ye Sun; Shin, Hee-Sup; Rhim, Hyewhon

    2009-01-02

    In order to study the currently unknown cellular signaling pathways of Ca(v)3.1 T-type Ca(2+) channels (Ca(v)3.1 channels), we performed a yeast two-hybrid screening using intracellular domains of Ca(v)3.1 alpha1 subunit as bait. After screening the human brain cDNA library, several proteins, including RanBPM, were identified as interacting with Ca(v)3.1 channels. RanBPM was found to bind to the cytoplasmic intracellular loop between transmembrane domains I and II of Ca(v)3.1 channels. Using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, we found that Ca(v)3.1 currents were increased by the expression of RanBPM in HEK293/Ca(v)3.1 cells. We next examined whether RanBPM affected the biophysical properties and plasma membrane expression of Ca(v)3.1 channels. Furthermore, we showed that the PKC activator inhibited Ca(v)3.1 currents, an effect that was abolished by the expression of RanBPM. These results suggest that RanBPM could be a key regulator of Ca(v)3.1 channel-mediated signaling pathways.

  4. Oxygen potentials and phase equilibria in the system Ca–Co–O and thermodynamic properties of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6} and Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9.163}

    SciTech Connect

    Jacob, K.T., E-mail: katob@materials.iisc.ernet.in; Gupta, Preeti

    2015-01-15

    Oxygen potentials established by the equilibrium between three condensed phases, CaO{sub ss}+CoO{sub ss}+Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6} and CoO{sub ss}+Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6}+Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93+α}O{sub 9.36−δ}, are measured as a function of temperature using solid-state electrochemical cells incorporating yttria-stabilized zirconia as the electrolyte and pure oxygen as the reference electrode. Cation non-stoichiometry and oxygen non-stoichiometry in Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93+α}O{sub 9.36−δ} are determined using different techniques under defined conditions. Decomposition temperatures and thermodynamic properties of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6} and Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9.163} are calculated from the results. The standard entropy and enthalpy of formation of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 2}O{sub 6} atmore » 298.15 K are evaluated. Using thermodynamic data from this study and auxiliary information from the literature, phase diagram for the ternary system Ca–Co–O is computed. Isothermal sections at representative temperatures are displayed to demonstrate the evolution of phase relations with temperature. - Graphical abstract: Isothermal section of the phase diagram of the system Ca–Co–O at 1250 K. - Highlights: • Improved definition of cation and oxygen nonstoichiometry of Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93+α}O{sub 9.36−δ}. • Measurement of Δμ{sub O{sub 2}} associated with two 3-phase fields as a function of temperature. • Use of solid-state electrochemical cells for accurate measurement of Δμ{sub O{sub 2}}. • Decomposition temperatures and thermodynamic properties for ternary oxides. • Characterization of ternary phase diagram of the system Ca–Co–O.« less

  5. Usefulness of high-resolution 3D multifusion medical imaging for preoperative planning in patients with posterior fossa hemangioblastoma: technical note.

    PubMed

    Yoshino, Masanori; Nakatomi, Hirofumi; Kin, Taichi; Saito, Toki; Shono, Naoyuki; Nomura, Seiji; Nakagawa, Daichi; Takayanagi, Shunsaku; Imai, Hideaki; Oyama, Hiroshi; Saito, Nobuhito

    2017-07-01

    Successful resection of hemangioblastoma depends on preoperative assessment of the precise locations of feeding arteries and draining veins. Simultaneous 3D visualization of feeding arteries, draining veins, and surrounding structures is needed. The present study evaluated the usefulness of high-resolution 3D multifusion medical imaging (hr-3DMMI) for preoperative planning of hemangioblastoma. The hr-3DMMI combined MRI, MR angiography, thin-slice CT, and 3D rotated angiography. Surface rendering was mainly used for the creation of hr-3DMMI using multiple thresholds to create 3D models, and processing took approximately 3-5 hours. This hr-3DMMI technique was used in 5 patients for preoperative planning and the imaging findings were compared with the operative findings. Hr-3DMMI could simulate the whole 3D tumor as a unique sphere and show the precise penetration points of both feeding arteries and draining veins with the same spatial relationships as the original tumor. All feeding arteries and draining veins were found intraoperatively at the same position as estimated preoperatively, and were occluded as planned preoperatively. This hr-3DMMI technique could demonstrate the precise locations of feeding arteries and draining veins preoperatively and estimate the appropriate route for resection of the tumor. Hr-3DMMI is expected to be a very useful support tool for surgery of hemangioblastoma.

  6. Electric Field Control of Interfacial Ferromagnetism in CaMnO3/CaRuO3 Heterostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grutter, A. J.; Kirby, B. J.; Gray, M. T.; Flint, C. L.; Alaan, U. S.; Suzuki, Y.; Borchers, J. A.

    2015-07-01

    New mechanisms for achieving direct electric field control of ferromagnetism are highly desirable in the development of functional magnetic interfaces. To that end, we have probed the electric field dependence of the emergent ferromagnetic layer at CaRuO3/CaMnO3 interfaces in bilayers fabricated on SrTiO3. Using polarized neutron reflectometry, we are able to detect the ferromagnetic signal arising from a single atomic monolayer of CaMnO3, manifested as a spin asymmetry in the reflectivity. We find that the application of an electric field of 600 kV /m across the bilayer induces a significant increase in this spin asymmetry. Modeling of the reflectivity suggests that this increase corresponds to a transition from canted antiferromagnetism to full ferromagnetic alignment of the Mn4 + ions at the interface. This increase from 1 μB to 2.5 - 3.0 μB per Mn is indicative of a strong magnetoelectric coupling effect, and such direct electric field control of the magnetization at an interface has significant potential for spintronic applications.

  7. On the existence of a high-temperature polymorph of Na2Ca6Si4O15—implications for the phase equilibria in the system Na2O-CaO-SiO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kahlenberg, Volker; Maier, Matthias

    2016-12-01

    Singe crystals of a new high-temperature polymorph of Na2Ca6Si4O15 have been obtained from solid state reactions performed at 1300 °C. The basic crystallographic data of this so-called β-phase at ambient conditions are as follows: space group P1 c1, a = 9.0112(5) Å, b = 7.3171(5) Å, c = 10.9723(6) Å, β = 107.720(14)°, V = 689.14(7) Å3, Z = 2. The crystals showed twinning by reticular merohedry (mimicking an orthorhombic C-centred unit cell) which was accounted for during data processing and structure solution. Structure determination was accomplished by direct methods. Least-squares refinements resulted in a residual of R(|F|) = 0.043 for 5811 observed reflections with I > 2σ(I). From a structural point of view β-Na2Ca6Si4O15 can be attributed to the group of mixed-anion silicates containing [Si2O7]-dimers as well as isolated [SiO4]-tetrahedra in the ratio 1:2, i.e. more precisely the formula can be written as Na2Ca6[SiO4]2[Si2O7]. The tetrahedral groups are arranged in layers parallel to (100). Sodium and calcium cations are located between the silicate anions for charge compensation and are coordinated by six to eight nearest oxygen ligands. Alternatively, the structure can be described as a mixed tetrahedral-octahedral framework based on kröhnkite-type [Ca(SiO4)2O2]-chains in which the CaO6-octahedra are corner-linked to bridging SiO4-tetrahedra. The infinite chains are running parallel to [001] and are concentrated in layers parallel to (010). Adjacent layers are shifted relative to each other by an amount of +δ or -δ along a*. Consequently, a …ABABAB… stacking sequence is created. A detailed comparison with related structures such as α-Na2Ca6Si4O15 and other A2B6Si4O15 representatives including topological as well as group theoretical aspects is presented. There are strong indications that monoclinic Na2Ca3Si2O8 mentioned in earlier studies is actually misinterpreted β-Na2Ca6Si4O15. In addition to the detailed crystallographic analysis of

  8. Luminescence and energy transfer properties of Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl and Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl:A (A = Eu2+/Ce3+/Dy3+/Tb3+) under UV and low-voltage electron beam excitation.

    PubMed

    Shang, Mengmeng; Geng, Dongling; Yang, Dongmei; Kang, Xiaojiao; Zhang, Yang; Lin, Jun

    2013-03-18

    Pure Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl and rare earth ion (Eu(2+)/Ce(3+)/Dy(3+)/Tb(3+)) doped Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl phosphors with the apatite structure have been prepared via a Pechini-type sol-gel process. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and structure refinement, photoluminescence (PL) spectra, cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra, absolute quantum yield, as well as lifetimes were utilized to characterize samples. Under UV light excitation, the undoped Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl sample shows broad band photoluminescence centered near 480 nm after being reduced due to the defect structure. Eu(2+) and Ce(3+) ion doped Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl samples also show broad 5d → 4f transitions with cyan and blue colors and higher quantum yields (72% for Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl:0.04Eu(2+); 67% for Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl:0.016Ce(3+)). For Dy(3+) and Tb(3+) doped Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl samples, they give strong line emissions coming from 4f → 4f transitions. Moreover, the Ce(3+) ion can transfer its energy to the Tb(3+) ion in the Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl host, and the energy transfer mechanism has been demonstrated to be a resonant type, via a dipole-quadrupole interaction. However, under the low voltage electron beam excitation, Tb(3+) ion doped Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl samples present different luminescence properties compared with their PL spectra, which is ascribed to the different excitation mechanism. On the basis of the good PL and CL properties of the Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl:A (A = Ce(3+)/Eu(2+)/Tb(3+)/Dy(3+)), Ca2Ba3(PO4)3Cl might be promising for application in solid state lighting and field-emission displays.

  9. Spectrum and Prevalence of CALM1-, CALM2-, and CALM3-Encoded Calmodulin (CaM) Variants in Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) and Functional Characterization of a Novel LQTS-Associated CaM Missense Variant, E141G

    PubMed Central

    Calvert, Melissa L.; Tester, David J.; Kryshtal, Dmytro; Hwang, Hyun Seok; Johnson, Christopher N.; Chazin, Walter J.; Loporcaro, Christina G.; Shah, Maully; Papez, Andrew L.; Lau, Yung R.; Kanter, Ronald; Knollmann, Bjorn C.; Ackerman, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    Background Calmodulin (CaM) is encoded by three genes, CALM1, CALM2, and CALM3, all of which harbor pathogenic variants linked to long QT syndrome (LQTS) with early and severe expressivity. These LQTS-causative variants reduce CaM affinity to Ca2+ and alter the properties of the cardiac L-type calcium channel (CaV1.2). CaM also modulates NaV1.5 and the ryanodine receptor, RyR2. All of these interactions may play a role in disease pathogenesis. Here, we determine the spectrum and prevalence of pathogenic CaM variants in a cohort of genetically elusive LQTS, and functionally characterize the novel variants. Methods and Results Thirty-nine genetically elusive LQTS cases underwent whole exome sequencing to identify CaM variants. Non-synonymous CaM variants were overrepresented significantly in this heretofore LQTS cohort (15.4%) compared to exome aggregation consortium (0.04%; p<0.0001). When the clinical sequelae of these 6 CaM-positive cases was compared to the 33 CaM-negative cases, CaM-positive cases had a more severe phenotype with an average age of onset of 8 months, an average QTc of 679 ms, and a high prevalence of cardiac arrest. Functional characterization of one novel variant, E141G-CaM, revealed an 11-fold reduction in Ca2+ binding affinity and a functionally-dominant loss of inactivation in CaV1.2, mild accentuation in NaV1.5 late current, but no effect on intracellular RyR2-mediated calcium release. Conclusions Overall, 15% of our genetically elusive LQTS cohort harbored non-synonymous variants in CaM. Genetic testing of CALM1-3 should be pursued for individuals with LQTS, especially those with early childhood cardiac arrest, extreme QT prolongation, and a negative family history. PMID:26969752

  10. Aging-Related Hyperexcitability in CA3 Pyramidal Neurons Is Mediated by Enhanced A-Type K+ Channel Function and Expression.

    PubMed

    Simkin, Dina; Hattori, Shoai; Ybarra, Natividad; Musial, Timothy F; Buss, Eric W; Richter, Hannah; Oh, M Matthew; Nicholson, Daniel A; Disterhoft, John F

    2015-09-23

    faster action potential repolarization through enhanced expression of Kv4.2/Kv4.3 A-type K(+) channels, particularly within the cell bodies of CA3 pyramidal neurons. Copyright © 2015 the authors 0270-6474/15/3513206-13$15.00/0.

  11. Ventral tegmental area disruption selectively affects CA1/CA2 but not CA3 place fields during a differential reward working memory task

    PubMed Central

    Martig, Adria K; Mizumori, Sheri JY

    2010-01-01

    Hippocampus (HPC) receives dopaminergic (DA) projections from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra. These inputs appear to provide a modulatory signal that influences HPC dependent behaviors and place fields. We examined how efferent projections from VTA to HPC influence spatial working memory and place fields when the reward context changes. CA1 and CA3 process environmental context changes differently and VTA preferentially innervates CA1. Given these anatomical data and electrophysiological evidence that implicates DA in reward processing, we predicted that CA1 place fields would respond more strongly to both VTA disruption and changes in the reward context than CA3 place fields. Rats (N=9) were implanted with infusion cannula targeting VTA and recording tetrodes aimed at HPC. Then they were tested on a differential reward, win-shift working memory task. One recording session consisted of 5 baseline and 5 manipulation trials during which place cells in CA1/CA2 (N=167) and CA3 (N=94) were recorded. Prior to manipulation trials rats were infused with either baclofen or saline and then subjected to control or reward conditions during which the learned locations of large and small reward quantities were reversed. VTA disruption resulted in an increase in errors, and in CA1/CA2 place field reorganization. There were no changes in any measures of CA3 place field stability during VTA disruption. Reward manipulations did not affect performance or place field stability in CA1/CA2 or CA3; however, changes in the reward locations “rescued” performance and place field stability in CA1/CA2 when VTA activity was compromised, perhaps by trigging compensatory mechanisms. These data support the hypothesis that VTA contributes to spatial working memory performance perhaps specifically by maintaining place field stability selectively in CA1/CA2. PMID:20082295

  12. Lithiation-induced zinc clustering of Zn 3, Zn 12, and Zn 18 units in Zintl-like Ca ~30Li 3+xZn 60-x (x=0.44-1.38)

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Qisheng

    2014-11-14

    Zinc clusters are not common for binary intermetallics with relatively low zinc content, but this work shows that zinc clustering can be triggered by lithiation, as exemplified by Ca ~30Li 3+xZn 60-x, P6/mmm, Z = 1, which can be directly converted from CaZn 2. Two end members of the solid solution (x = 0.44 and 1.38) were established and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses: Ca 30Li 3.44(6)Zn59.56(6), a = 15.4651(9) Å, c = 9.3898(3) Å; Ca 30.45(2)Li 4.38(6)Zn 58.62(6), a = 15.524(3) Å, c = 9.413(2) Å. The structures of Ca ~30Li 3+xZn 60-x feature a condensed anionicmore » network of Zn3 triangles, lithium-centered Zn12 icosahedra, and arachno-(Zn,Li)18 tubular clusters that are surrounded respectively by Ca 14, Ca 20, and Ca 30 polyhedra. These polyhedra share faces and form a clathrate-like cationic framework. The specific occupation of lithium in the structure is consistent with theoretical “coloring” analyses. Analysis by the linear muffin-tin orbital (LMTO) method within the atomic sphere approximation reveals that Ca ~30Li 3+xZn 60-x is a metallic, Zintl-like phase with an open-shell electronic structure. The contribution of Ca–Zn polar covalent interactions is about 41%.« less

  13. Preoperative Screening.

    PubMed

    Marwell, Julianna G; Heflin, Mitchell T; McDonald, Shelley R

    2018-02-01

    Older adults undergoing elective surgical procedures suffer higher rates of morbidity and mortality than younger patients. A geriatric-focused preoperative evaluation can identify risk factors for complications and opportunities for health optimization and care coordination. Key components of a geriatric preoperative evaluation include (1) assessments of function, mobility, cognition, and mental health; (2) reviews of medical conditions and medications; and (3) discussion of risks, preferences, and goals of care. A geriatric-focused, team-based approach can improve surgical outcomes and patient experience. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. Filling the holes in the CaFe4As3 structure: Synthesis and magnetism of CaCo5As3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosa, P. F. S.; Scott, B. L.; Ronning, F.; Bauer, E. D.; Thompson, J. D.

    2017-07-01

    Here, we investigate single crystals of CaCo5As3 by means of single-crystal x-ray diffraction, microprobe, magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and pressure-dependent transport measurements. CaCo5As3 shares the same structure of CaFe4As3 with an additional Co atom filling a lattice vacancy and undergoes a magnetic transition at TM=16 K associated with a frustrated magnetic order. CaCo5As3 displays metallic behavior and its Sommerfeld coefficient (γ =70 mJ/mol K2) indicates a moderate enhancement of electron-electron correlations. Transport data under pressures to 2.5 GPa reveal a suppression of TM at a rate of -0.008 K/GPa. First-principles electronic structure calculations show a complex three-dimensional band structure and magnetic moments that depend on the local environment at each Co site. Our results are compared with previous data on CaFe4As3 and provide a scenario for a magnetically frustrated ground state in this family of compounds.

  15. Investigation of structural, spectral and photometric properties of CaTiO3:Dy3+ nanophosphors for the lighting applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Dhananjay Kumar; Manam, Jairam

    2017-07-01

    A series of perovskite CaTiO3:Dy3+ nanophosphors have been prepared via solid state reaction method in order to investigate the structural, spectral and photometric properties. The structural, morphological and spectral properties of prepared nanophosphors were systematically characterized by XRD, FESEM, EDX, Photoluminescence, PL decay time and UV-Visible spectroscopy. The novel CaTiO3:Dy3+ nanophosphors exhibited single phase orthorhombic structure with space group Pbnm. The high magnification FESEM images of prepared sample demonstrated the particle size in the range 220-240 nm. The photoluminescence properties of Dy3+ doped CaTiO3 nanophosphors were investigated through excitation, emission spectra and decay time by varying the concentration of activator (Dy3+). Under the excitation of 386 nm UV light, Dy3+ activated CaTiO3 nanophosphors exhibited its characteristic excellent intense emissions in blue and yellow region around the wavelength 484 and 575 nm due to the transition 4F9/2→6H15/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 respectively. The photometric parameters such as CIE-coordinate and correlated color temperature (CCT) was also calculated. The CIE- coordinate (0.28, 0.32) was found near white light and CCT value was found to be 9222.31 K for optimum composition Ca0.96TiO3:0.04Dy3+ which was useful for cold light emission. The affirmative experimental results indicated that the prepared nanophosphors could be the favorable candidate for lighting applications.[Figure not available: see fulltext.

  16. HCO+ Detection of Dust-depleted Gas in the Inner Hole of the LkCa 15 Pre-transitional Disk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drabek-Maunder, E.; Mohanty, S.; Greaves, J.; Kamp, I.; Meijerink, R.; Spaans, M.; Thi, W.-F.; Woitke, P.

    2016-12-01

    LkCa 15 is an extensively studied star in the Taurus region, known for its pre-transitional disk with a large inner cavity in the dust continuum and normal gas accretion rate. The most popular hypothesis to explain the LkCa 15 data invokes one or more planets to carve out the inner cavity, while gas continues to flow across the gap from the outer disk onto the central star. We present spatially unresolved HCO+ J=4\\to 3 observations of the LkCa 15 disk from the James Clerk Maxwell telescope (JCMT) and model the data with the ProDiMo code. We find that: (1) HCO+ line-wings are clearly detected, certifying the presence of gas in the cavity within ≲50 au of the star. (2) Reproducing the observed line-wing flux requires both a significant suppression of cavity dust (by a factor ≳104 compared to the interstellar medium (ISM)) and a substantial increase in the gas scale-height within the cavity (H 0/R 0 ˜ 0.6). An ISM dust-to-gas ratio (d:g = 10-2) yields too little line-wing flux, regardless of the scale-height or cavity gas geometry, while a smaller scale-height also under-predicts the flux even with a reduced d:g. (3) The cavity gas mass is consistent with the surface density profile of the outer disk extended inwards to the sublimation radius (corresponding to mass M d ˜ 0.03 M ⊙), and masses lower by a factor ≳10 appear to be ruled out.

  17. The Influence of Layer Thickness-Ratio on Magnetoresistance in La2/3Ca1/3MnO3/La1/3Ca2/3MnO3 Exchange Biased System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomez, Maria Elena; Milena Diez, Sandra; Cuartas, Lina Maria; Marin, Lorena; Prieto, Pedro

    2012-02-01

    Isothermal magnetic field dependence of the resistance in La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 (F-LCMO)/ La1/3Ca2/3MnO3(AF-LCMO) bilayer and AF-LCMO/F-LCMO/AF-LCMO trilayer at temperatures below N'eel temperature of the antiferromagnetic layer were carried out to study the thickness layers influence on magneto transport properties. We grew multilayers using a high oxygen pressure sputtering technique. We systematically varied the thickness of the F-LCMO layer, tF, maintaining constant the thickness of the AF-LCMO layer, tAF. We studied the influence of the thickness ratio tF/tAF on the ZFC and FC magnetoresistance (MR) loops. HFC was varied from 100 Oe to 400 Oe. We found that MR has hysteretic behavior as observed in [La2/3Ca1/3MnO3/La1/3Ca2/3MnO3]N superlattices, where MR increases with the increasing field from H=0 to a maximum and then it decreases continuously. The position and magnitude of the maximum is not symmetric with respect to the axis H=0 for both FC and ZFC loops. We found that magnetoresistance behavior of the bilayer and trilayer is thickness-ratio dependent for both ZFC and FC loops.

  18. Control of IP3-mediated Ca2+ puffs in Xenopus laevis oocytes by the Ca2+-binding protein parvalbumin

    PubMed Central

    John, Linu M; Mosquera-Caro, Monica; Camacho, Patricia; Lechleiter, James D

    2001-01-01

    Elementary events of Ca2+ release (Ca2+ puffs) can be elicited from discrete clusters of inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) at low concentrations of IP3. Ca2+ puffs have rarely been observed unless elicited by either hormone treatment or introduction of IP3 into the cell. However, cells appear to have sufficient concentrations of IP3 (0.1-3.0 μM) to induce Ca2+ release under resting conditions. Here, we investigated Ca2+ puff activity in non-stimulated Xenopus oocytes using confocal microscopy. The fluorescent Ca2+ dye indicators Calcium Green 1 and Oregon Green 488 BAPTA-2 were injected into oocytes to monitor basal Ca2+ activity. In this preparation, injection or overexpression of parvalbumin, an EF-hand Ca2+-binding protein (CaBP), induced Ca2+ puffs in resting Xenopus oocytes. This activity was inhibited by heparin, an IP3R channel blocker, and by mutation of the Ca2+-binding sites in parvalbumin. Ca2+ puff activity was also evoked by injection of low concentrations of the Ca2+ chelator EGTA, but not by calbindin D28k, another member of the EF-hand CaBP superfamily. BAPTA and the Ca2+ indicator dye Oregon Green 488 BAPTA-1 evoked Ca2+ puff activity, while the dextran conjugate of Oregon Green 488 BAPTA-1 did not. These data indicate that a Ca2+ buffer must be mobile in order to increase Ca2+ puff activity. Together, the data indicate that some IP3Rs spontaneously release Ca2+ under resting concentrations of IP3. These elementary Ca2+ events appear to be below the level of detection of current imaging techniques. We suggest that parvalbumin evokes Ca2+ puffs by coordinating the activity of elementary IP3R channel openings. We conclude that Ca2+ release can be evoked not only by hormone-induced increases in IP3, but also by expression of mobile cytosolic CaBPs under resting concentrations of IP3. PMID:11507154

  19. Dielectric properties and nonlinear I-V electrical behavior of (Li1+, Al3+) co-doped CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Li; Ni, Qing; Guo, Jianqin; Cao, Ensi; Hao, Wentao; Zhang, Yongjia; Ju, Lin

    2018-06-01

    (Li1+, Al3+) co-doped CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics (CaCu3-2 x Li x Al x Ti4O12, x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.15) were prepared by a sol-gel method and were sintered at 1020-1080 °C for 8 h to improve the geometric microstructure, dielectric and nonlinear I-V electrical properties. Notably, very high dielectric constant of 1 × 105 with good dielectric-frequency as well as dielectric-temperature stability can be achieved in CaCu2.8Li0.1Al0.1Ti4O12 ceramic sintered at 1060 °C. The average grain sizes, resistivity and the non-Ohmic properties are also improved compared to pure CaCu3Ti4O12. These results indicate that (Li1+, Al3+) co-doping at the Cu2+ site can improve the dielectric properties of CaCu3Ti4O12, supporting the internal barrier layer capacitance effect of Schottky barriers at grain boundaries.

  20. Gene of the month: PIK3CA.

    PubMed

    Lai, K; Killingsworth, M C; Lee, C S

    2015-04-01

    PIK3CA encodes the p110α catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) which through its role in the PI3K/Akt pathway is important for the regulation of important cellular functions such as proliferation, metabolism and protein synthesis, angiogenesis and apoptosis. Mutations in PIK3CA are known to be involved in a wide range of human cancers and mutant PIK3CA is thought to act as an oncogene. The specific PIK3CA inhibitor, NVP-BYL719, has displayed promising results in cancer therapy and is currently under clinical trials. Furthermore, PI3K regulates autophagy, a cellular process that recycles proteins and organelles through lysosomal degradation and has recently been recognised as an attractive therapeutic target due to its pro- and anti-cancer properties. Several studies have attempted to investigate the effects of combining the inhibition of both PI3K and autophagy in cancer therapy, and an in vivo model has demonstrated that the combined use of a concomitant PI3K and autophagy inhibitor induced apoptosis in glioma cells. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  1. Origin of colossal dielectric response of CaCu3Ti4O12 studied by using CaTiO3/CaCu3Ti4O12/CaTiO3 multilayer thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitsugi, Masakazu; Asanuma, Shutaro; Uesu, Yoshiaki; Fukunaga, Mamoru; Kobayashi, Wataru; Terasaki, Ichiro

    2007-06-01

    To elucidate the origin of the colossal dielectric response (CDR) of CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO), multilayer thin films of CCTO interposed in insulating CaTiO3 (CTO) were synthesized using a pulsed laser deposition technique. The capacitance C of CTO/CCTO/CTO films with different layer thicknesses is measured. After removing the capacitance of CTO by extrapolating C to zero CTO thickness, the real part of dielectric constant of CCTO is estimated to be 329-435, which is much smaller than the reported value for CCTO thin films. This fact indicates that the CDR of CCTO is extrinsic and originates from an internal barrier layer capacitor.

  2. NFATc3 promotes Ca(2+) -dependent MMP3 expression in astroglial cells.

    PubMed

    Neria, Fernando; del Carmen Serrano-Perez, María; Velasco, Patricia; Urso, Katia; Tranque, Pedro; Cano, Eva

    2013-07-01

    Increase in intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+) ]i ) is a key mediator of astrocyte signaling, important for activation of the calcineurin (CN)/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) pathway, a central mediator of inflammatory events. We analyzed the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 3 (Mmp3) in response to increases in [Ca(2+) ]i and the role of the CN/NFAT pathway in this regulation. Astrocyte Mmp3 expression was induced by overexpression of a constitutively active form of NFATc3, whereas other MMPs and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) were unaffected. Mmp3 mRNA and protein expression was also induced by calcium ionophore (Io) and 2'(3')-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl) adenosine 5'-triphosphate (Bz-ATP) and Mmp3 upregulation was prevented by the CN inhibitor cyclosporin A (CsA). Ca(2+) -dependent astrocyte Mmp3 expression was also inhibited by actinomycin D, and a Mmp3 promoter luciferase reporter was efficiently activated by increased [Ca(2+) ]i , indicating regulation at the transcriptional level. Furthermore, Ca(2+) /CN/NFAT dependent Mmp3 expression was confirmed in pure astrocyte cultures derived from neural stem cells (Ast-NSC), demonstrating that the induced Mmp3 expression occurs in astrocytes, and not microglial cells. In an in vivo stab-wound model of brain injury, MMP3 expression was detected in NFATc3-positive scar-forming astrocytes. Because [Ca(2+) ]i increase is an early event in most brain injuries, these data support an important role for Ca(2+) /CN/NFAT-induced astrocyte MMP3 expression in the early neuroinflammatory response. Understanding the molecular pathways involved in this regulation could provide novel therapeutic targets and approaches to promoting recovery of the injured brain. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Association of Aurora-A (STK15) Kinase Polymorphisms With Clinical Outcome of Esophageal Cancer Treated With Preoperative Chemoradiation

    PubMed Central

    Pan, Jennifer Y.; Ajani, Jaffer A.; Gu, Jian; Gong, Yubo; Quin, Angel; Hung, Maosheng; Wu, Xifeng; Izzo, Julie G.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Aurora-A/STK15 is a serine/threonine kinase critical for regulated chromosome segregation and cytokinesis. We investigated the association between 2 nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms in the coding region of STK15, T91A (Phe31Ile) and G169A (Val57Ile), and clinical outcome of esophageal cancer treated with preoperative chemoradiation. METHODS: Genotypes at Phe31Ile and Val57Ile were assessed from peripheral blood lymphocytes of 190 esophageal cancer patients and were correlated to response to treatment, recurrence rate, risk of death, disease-free survival (DFS) and median survival time (MTS). RESULTS: All patients had resectable esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer and received preoperative chemoradiation followed by esophagectomy. The heterozygous variant Phe31/Ile variant was significantly associated with tumor recurrence (odds ratio [OR] = 4.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.12-8.94; P < .001), shorter DFS (P = .0001), and shorter MTS (P = .012). For patients receiving cisplatin-based therapy, only the variant Phe31/Ile had an adverse effect on response (OR = 2.8; 95% CI, 1.01-5.17; P = .048) and MTS (P = .026). The variant 91A-169G haplotype carried a significant risk for lack of complete response (OR = 2.54; 95% CI, 1.15-5.54) and higher rate of recurrence (OR = 2.73; 95%CI, 1.00-7.29). The presence of at least 1 variant allele at each locus further increased the risk of recurrence (adjusted OR = 6.21; 95% CI, 2.28-17.11; P = <.001), and was associated significantly shorter DFS (P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that functional SNPs in the STK15 gene are associated with higher rate of recurrence, higher likelihood of chemoratiotherapy-resistance, shorter DFS, and shorter MTS. Confirmation of our data and understanding the mechanisms through which STK15 functional SNPs mediate resistance to chemoradiotherapy are warranted. PMID:22213102

  4. Unconventional superconductivity in CaFe0.85Co0.15AsF evidenced by torque measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, Hong; Li, X. J.; Mu, G.; Hu, T.

    Out-of-plane angular dependent torque measurements were performed on CaFe0.85Co0.15AsF single crystals. Abnormal superconducting fluctuation, featured by enhanced diamagnetism with magnetic field, is detected up to about 1.5 times superconducting transition temperature Tc. Compared to cuprate superconductors, the fluctuation effect in iron-based superconductor is less pronounced. Anisotropy parameter γ is obtained from the mixed state torque data and it is found that γ shows both magnetic field and temperature depenence, pointing to multiband superconductivity. The temperature dependence of penetration depth λ (T) suggests unconventional superconductivity in CaFe0.85Co0.15AsF.

  5. First principles study of structural, electronic and optical properties of perovskites CaZrO3 and CaHfO3 in cubic phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoat, D. M.; Silva, J. F. Rivas; Blas, A. Méndez

    2018-07-01

    In this work, we present the first principles calculations for structural, electronic and optical properties of perovskites CaZrO3 and CaHfO3 using the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave method (FP-LAPW) within the framework of density functional theory (DFT) as implemented in WIEN2k package. The exchange-correlation potential is treated with local density approximation (LDA) and generalized gradient approximation (GGA-PBE and PBESol). Additionally, the Tran Blaha modified Becke-Johnson exchange potential (mBJ) also is employed for electronic and optical calculations due to that it gives very accurate band gap of solids. Our obtained structural parameters are in good agreement with experimental datas and other theoretical results. The energy band gap obtained with mBJ is 4.56 eV for CaZrO3 and 5.27 eV for CaHfO3. The hybridization of states of O atom with those of Zr and Hf atoms in CaZrO3 and CaHfO3, respectively, is observed. The spin-orbit coupling effect on electronic properties of considered compounds also is investigated. Finally, the linear optical properties of CaZrO3 and CaHfO3 are derived from their complex dielectric function calculated with mBJ potential for wide energy range up to 45 eV, and all of them analyzed in details.

  6. A-Site (MCe) Substitution Effects on the Structures and Properties of CaBi4Ti4O15 Ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Haixue; Li, Chengen; Zhou, Jiaguang; Zhu, Weimin; He, Lianxin; Song, Yuxin

    2000-11-01

    We investigated the effect of A-site compound substitution on the structures and properties of Ca0.8(MCe)0.1Bi4Ti4O15 (M denotes Li, Na and K) ceramics. The samples were prepared by the conventional ceramic technique. Sintering characteristics of Ca0.8(MCe)0.1Bi4Ti4O15 and CaBi4Ti4O15 ceramics were discussed. X-ray powder diffraction patterns of the three modified CBT-based compounds show a single phase of bismuth oxide layer type structure with m=4. The hysteresis loops of polarization versus electric field of the four compounds were also measured. A-site compound substitution improves the piezoelectric properties and the high-temperature resistivity of these materials. A-site (LiCe) and (KCe) substitution not only improves the Curie temperature but also decreases the temperature coefficient of dielectric constant (TK\\varepsilon). Among the three modified ceramics, only the Curie temperature of Ca0.8(NaCe)0.1Bi4Ti4O15 is lower than that of CaBi4Ti4O15; however, its TK\\varepsilon is the lowest. As a result, all the three modified CBT-based ceramics were found to be excellent high-temperature piezoelectric materials.

  7. Magnetic impurity effect on charge and magnetic order in doped La1.5Ca0.5CoO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horigane, K.; Hiraka, H.; Tomiyasu, K.; Ohoyama, K.; Louca, D.; Yamada, K.

    2012-02-01

    Neutron scattering experiments were performed on single crystals of magnetic impurity doped cobalt oxides La1.5Ca0.5CoO4 to characterize the charge and spin orders. We newly found contrasting impurity effects. Two types of magnetic peaks are observed at q = (0.5,0,L) with L = half-integer and integer in La1.5Ca0.5CoO4, while magnetic peak at L = half-integer (integer) was only observed in Mn (Fe)-substituted sample. Although Mn and Fe impurities degrade charge and magnetic order, Cr impurity stabilizes the ordering at x = 0.5. Based on the crystal structural analysis of Cr doped sample, we found that the excess oxygen and change of octahedron around Co3+ were realized in Cr doped sample.

  8. Phase Equilibria in the System "FeO"-CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-MgO at Different CaO/SiO2 Ratios

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jang, Kyoung-oh; Ma, Xiaodong; Zhu, Jinming; Xu, Haifa; Wang, Geoff; Zhao, Baojun

    2017-06-01

    The "FeO"-containing slags play an important role in the operation of an ironmaking blast furnace (BF), in particular the primary slags such as the system "FeO"-CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-2 mass pct MgO with CaO/SiO2 weight ratios of 1.3, 1.5, and 1.8 saturated with metallic iron. To investigate the characteristics of such a slag system and its behavior in BF, the phase equilibria and liquidus temperatures in the slag system have been experimentally determined using the high-temperature equilibration and quenching technique followed by an electron probe X-ray microanalysis (EPMA). Isotherms between 1553 K and 1603 K (1280 °C and 1330 °C) were determined in the primary phase fields of dicalcium silicate, melilite, spinel, and monoxide [(Mg,Fe2+)O]. Pseudo-ternary phase diagrams of (CaO + SiO2)-Al2O3-"FeO" with a fixed MgO concentration at 2 mass pct and at CaO/SiO2 ratios of 1.3, 1.5, and 1.8 have been discussed, respectively, simplifying the complexity of the slag system for easy understanding and applying in BF operation. It was found that the liquidus temperatures increase in melilite and spinel primary phase fields, but decrease in dicalcium silicate and monoxide primary phase fields with increasing Al2O3/(CaO + SiO2) ratio. In addition, the liquidus temperatures decrease with increasing "FeO" concentration in dicalcium silicate and melilite primary phase fields, while showing an increasing trend in the spinel and monoxide primary phase fields. The data resulted from this study can be used to improve and optimize currently available database of thermodynamic models used in FactSage.

  9. FGFR3, PIK3CA and RAS mutations in benign lichenoid keratosis.

    PubMed

    Groesser, L; Herschberger, E; Landthaler, M; Hafner, C

    2012-04-01

    Benign lichenoid keratoses (BLKs) are solitary skin lesions which have been proposed to represent a regressive form of pre-existent epidermal tumours such as solar lentigo or seborrhoeic keratosis. However, the genetic basis of BLK is unknown. FGFR3, PIK3CA and RAS mutations have been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of seborrhoeic keratosis and solar lentigo. We thus investigated whether these mutations are also present in BLK. After manual microdissection and DNA isolation, 52 BLKs were screened for FGFR3, PIK3CA and RAS hotspot mutations using SNaPshot(®) multiplex assays. We identified 6/52 (12%) FGFR3 mutations, 10/52 (19%) PIK3CA mutations, 6/52 (12%) HRAS mutations and 2/52 (4%) KRAS mutations. FGFR3 and RAS mutations were mutually exclusive. One BLK showed a simultaneous PIK3CA and HRAS mutation. In nine BLKs with a mutation, nonlesional control tissue from the epidermal margin and the dermal lymphocytic infiltrate were wild-type, indicating that these mutations are somatic. To demonstrate that these findings are specific, 10 samples of lichen planus were analysed without evidence for FGFR3, PIK3CA or RAS mutations. Our results indicate that FGFR3, PIK3CA and RAS mutations are present in approximately 50% of BLKs. These findings support the concept on the molecular genetic level that at least a proportion of BLKs represents regressive variants resulting from former benign epidermal tumours such as seborrhoeic keratosis and solar lentigo. © 2011 The Authors. BJD © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists 2011.

  10. Preoperative antibiotics for septic arthritis in children: delay in diagnosis.

    PubMed

    MacLean, Simon B M; Timmis, Christopher; Evans, Scott; Lawniczak, Dominik; Nijran, Amit; Bache, Edward

    2015-04-01

    To review the records of 50 children who underwent open joint washout for septic arthritis with (n=25) or without (n=25) preoperative antibiotics. Records of 50 children who underwent open joint washout for presumed septic arthritis with (n=25) or without (n=25) preoperative antibiotics were reviewed. 17 boys and 8 girls aged 3 weeks to 16 years (median, 1.5 years) who were prescribed preoperative antibiotics before joint washout were compared with 12 boys and 13 girls aged one month to 14 years (median, 2 years) who were not. Following arthrotomy and washout, all patients were commenced on high-dose intravenous antibiotics. Patients were followed up for 6 to 18 months until asymptomatic. Patients who were referred from places other than our emergency department were twice as likely to have been prescribed preoperative antibiotics (p=0.0032). Patients prescribed preoperative antibiotics had a longer median (range) time from symptom onset to joint washout (8 [2-23] vs. 4 [1-29] days, p=0.05) and a higher mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate (93.1 vs. 54.3 mm/h, p=0.023) at presentation. Nonetheless, the 2 groups were comparable for weight bearing status, fever, and positive culture, as well as the mean (range) duration of antibiotic treatment (4.9 [4-7] vs. 4.7 [1-8] weeks, p=0.586). Preoperative antibiotics should be avoided in the management of septic arthritis in children. Their prescription delays diagnosis and definitive surgery, and leads to additional washouts and complications. A high index of suspicion and expedite referral to a specialist paediatric orthopaedic unit is needed if septic arthritis is suspected.

  11. Accuracy of determining preoperative cancer extent measured by automated breast ultrasonography.

    PubMed

    Tozaki, Mitsuhiro; Fukuma, Eisuke

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of measuring preoperative cancer extent using automated breast ultrasonography (US). This retrospective study consisted of 40 patients with histopathologically confirmed breast cancer. All of the patients underwent automated breast US (ABVS; Siemens Medical Solutions, Mountain View, CA, USA) on the day before the surgery. The sizes of the lesions on US were measured on coronal multiplanar reconstruction images using the ABVS workstation. Histopathological measurement of tumor size included not only the invasive foci but also any in situ component and was used as the gold standard. The discrepancy of the tumor extent between automated breast US and the histological examination was calculated. Automated breast US enabled visualization of the breast carcinomas in all patients. The mean size of the lesions on US was 12 mm (range 4-62 mm). The histopathological diagnosis was ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in seven patients and invasive ductal carcinoma in 33 patients (18 without an intraductal component, 15 with an intraductal component). Lesions ranged in diameter from 4 to 65 mm (mean 16 mm). The accuracy of determination of the tumor extent with a deviation in length of <2 cm was 98% (39/40). Automated breast US is thought to be useful for evaluating tumor extent preoperatively.

  12. 33 CFR 3.55-15 - Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. 3.55-15 Section 3.55-15 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... ZONES, AND CAPTAIN OF THE PORT ZONES Eleventh Coast Guard District § 3.55-15 Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. Sector San Diego's office is located in San Diego, CA. The...

  13. 33 CFR 3.55-15 - Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. 3.55-15 Section 3.55-15 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... ZONES, AND CAPTAIN OF THE PORT ZONES Eleventh Coast Guard District § 3.55-15 Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. Sector San Diego's office is located in San Diego, CA. The...

  14. 33 CFR 3.55-15 - Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. 3.55-15 Section 3.55-15 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... ZONES, AND CAPTAIN OF THE PORT ZONES Eleventh Coast Guard District § 3.55-15 Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. Sector San Diego's office is located in San Diego, CA. The...

  15. 33 CFR 3.55-15 - Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. 3.55-15 Section 3.55-15 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... ZONES, AND CAPTAIN OF THE PORT ZONES Eleventh Coast Guard District § 3.55-15 Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. Sector San Diego's office is located in San Diego, CA. The...

  16. 33 CFR 3.55-15 - Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. 3.55-15 Section 3.55-15 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST... ZONES, AND CAPTAIN OF THE PORT ZONES Eleventh Coast Guard District § 3.55-15 Sector San Diego Marine Inspection Zone and Captain of the Port Zone. Sector San Diego's office is located in San Diego, CA. The...

  17. Effect of Calcium β-Hydroxy-β-Methylbutyrate (CaHMB), Vitamin D, and Protein Supplementation on Postoperative Immobilization in Malnourished Older Adult Patients With Hip Fracture: A Randomized Controlled Study.

    PubMed

    Ekinci, Osman; Yanık, Serhat; Terzioğlu Bebitoğlu, Berna; Yılmaz Akyüz, Elvan; Dokuyucu, Ayfer; Erdem, Şevki

    2016-12-01

    Nutrition support in orthopedic patients with malnutrition shortens the immobilization period. The efficacy of calcium β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (CaHMB), vitamin D, and protein intake on bone structure is studied and well known; however, there is no evidence supporting the effect of combined use in orthopedic conditions. We investigated the effects of CaHMB, vitamin D, and protein supplementation on wound healing, immobilization period, muscle strength, and laboratory parameters. This randomized controlled study included 75 older female patients with a hip fracture admitted to orthopedic clinics. The control group received standard postoperative nutrition. The study group received an enteral product containing 3 g CaHMB, 1000 IU vitamin D, and 36 g protein, in addition to standard postoperative nutrition. Anthropometric, laboratory, wound-healing, immobilization period, and muscle strength assessments were evaluated preoperatively and on postoperative days 15 and 30. Wound-healing period was significantly shorter in the CaHMB/vitamin D/protein group than in the control group ( P < .05). The number of patients in the CaHMB/vitamin D/protein group who were mobile on days 15 and 30 (81.3%) was significantly higher than patients in the control group, who were mobile on days 15 and 30 (26.7%) ( P = .001). Muscle strength on day 30 was significantly higher in the CaHMB/vitamin D/protein group vs the control group. Nutrition of elderly patients with a CaHMB/vitamin D/protein combination led to acceleration of wound healing, shortening of immobilization period, and increased muscle strength without changing body mass index. It also reduced dependence to bed and related complications after an orthopedic operation.

  18. Interrelation between domain structures and polarization switching in hybrid improper ferroelectric Ca3(Mn,Ti)2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Bin; Huang, Fei-Ting; Wang, Yazhong; Kim, Jae-Wook; Wang, Lihai; Lim, Seong-Joon; Cheong, Sang-Wook

    2017-05-01

    Ca3Mn2O7 and Ca3Ti2O7 have been proposed as the prototypical hybrid improper ferroelectrics (HIFs), and a significant magnetoelectric (ME) coupling in magnetic Ca3Mn2O7 is, in fact, reported theoretically and experimentally. Although the switchability of polarization is confirmed in Ca3Ti2O7 and other non-magnetic HIFs, there is no report of switchable polarization in the isostructural Ca3Mn2O7. We constructed the phase diagram of Ca3Mn2-xTixO7 through our systematic study of a series of single crystalline Ca3Mn2-xTixO7 (x = 0, 0.1, 1, 1.5, and 2). Using transmission electron microscopy, we have unveiled the unique domain structure of Ca3Mn2O7: the high-density 90° stacking of a- and b-domains along the c-axis due to the phase transition through an intermediate Acca phase and the in-plane irregular wavy ferroelastic twin domains. The interrelation between domain structures and physical properties is unprecedented: the stacking along the c-axis prevents the switching of polarization and causes the irregular in-plane ferroelastic domain pattern. In addition, we have determined the magnetic phase diagram and found complex magnetism of Ca3Mn2O7 with isotropic canted moments. These results lead to negligible observable ME coupling in Ca3Mn2O7 and guide us to explore multiferroics with large ME coupling.

  19. Superconducting Bi1.5Pb0.5Sr2Ca2Cu3O(x) ceramics by rapid melt quenching and glass crystallization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bansal, Narottam P.

    1989-01-01

    A glass of nominal Bi(1.5)Pb(0.5)Sr2Ca2Cu3O(x) composition, prepared by rapid quenching of the melt, showed a glass transition temperature of 383 C, crystallization temperature of 446 C, melting temperature of 855 C, and bulk density of 5.69 g/cu cm in air. The activation energy for crystallization of the glass was estimated to be 292kJ/mol from non-isothermal DSC. On heating in oxygen, the glass showed a slow and continuous weight gain starting at approximately 530 C which reached a plateau at approximately 820 C. The weight gained during heating was retained on cooling to ambient conditions indicating an irreversible oxidation step. The influence of annealing conditions on the formation of various phases in the glass has been investigated. The Bi(2)Sr(2)Ca(0)Cu(1)O(6) phase crystallized out first followed by formation of other phases at higher temperatures. The high-T(sub c) phase, isostructural with Bi(2)Sr(2)Ca(2)Cu(3)O(10) was not detected below 840 C, but its fraction increased with the annealing time at 840 C. A sample annealed at 840 C for 243h in air and furnace cooled showed the highest T(sub c)(R=0) of 107.2K and a narrow transition width, delta T(sub c)(10 to 90 percent), of approximately 2 K. The high T(sub c) phase does not seem to crystallize out directly from the glass but is rather produced at high temperature by reaction between the phases formed at lower temperatures. The kinetics of 110K phase formation was sluggish. It appears that the presence of lead helps in the formation and/or stabilization of the 110 K phase.

  20. Effects of S(+)-efonidipine on the rabbit sinus node action potential and calcium channel subunits Ca(V)1.2, Ca(V)1.3 and Ca(V)3.1.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Hikaru; Namekata, Iyuki; Ogawa, Toru; Tsuneoka, Yayoi; Komikado, Chisa; Takahara, Akira; Iida-Tanaka, Naoko; Izumi-Nakaseko, Hiroko; Tsuru, Hiromichi; Adachi-Akahane, Satomi

    2010-12-15

    The effect of S(+)-efonidipine on sinus node action potential and calcium channel α-subunits was examined. The slope of the phase 4 depolarization of isolated rabbit sinus node tissue was significantly reduced by S(+)-efonidipine (1 μM), slightly reduced by nifedipine (1 μM), but was not affected by R(-)-efonidipine. S(+)-efonidipine (1 μM), inhibited the expressed Ca(V)1.2, Ca(V)1.3 and Ca(V)3.1 channel currents by 75.7%, 75.3% and 94.0%, nifedipine 84.0%, 43.2% and 14.9%, and R(-)-efonidipine 30.0%, 19.6% and 92.8%, respectively. Thus, the prolongation of the phase 4 depolarization of the rabbit sinus node by S(+)-efonidipine may be explained by blockade of the Ca(V)1.3 channel current. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. [A comparison between 3.0 T MRI and histopathology for preoperative T staging of potentially resectable esophageal cancer].

    PubMed

    Wang, Z Q; Zhang, F G; Guo, J; Zhang, H K; Qin, J J; Zhao, Y; Ding, Z D; Zhang, Z X; Zhang, J B; Yuan, J H; Li, H L; Qu, J R

    2017-03-21

    Objective: To explore the value of 3.0 T MRI using multiple sequences (star VIBE+ BLADE) in evaluating the preoperative T staging for potentially resectable esophageal cancer (EC). Methods: Between April 2015 and March 2016, a total of 66 consecutive patients with endoscopically proven resectable EC underwent 3.0T MRI in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University.Two independent readers were assigned a T staging on MRI according to the 7th edition of UICC-AJCC TNM Classification, the results of preoperative T staging were compared and analyzed with post-operative pathologic confirmation. Results: The MRI T staging of two readers were highly consistent with histopathological findings, and the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of preoperative T staging MR imaging were also very high. Conclusion: 3.0 T MRI using multiple sequences is with high accuracy for patients of potentially resectable EC in T staging. The staging accuracy of T1, T2 and T3 is better than that of T4a. 3.0T MRI using multiple sequences could be used as a noninvasive imaging method for pre-operative T staging of EC.

  2. The synthesis and crystal structure of α-Ca 3UO 6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holc, J.; Golic̆, L.

    1983-07-01

    Single crystals of α-Ca 3UO 6 were grown from a UO 3CaCl 2CaO melt by the slow cooling method from 950°C. The crystal structure was determined by means of X-ray diffraction with R = 0.032 and Rw = 0.019. The structure of α-Ca 3UO 6 is of Mg 3TeO 6 type. α-Ca 3UO 6 is rhombohedral with a = 6.729 (1)Å, α = 90.30 (1)°, Z = 2, Dc = 4.955 g/cm 3, Dm = 4.79 g/cm 3, space group R overline3. Uranium and calcium atoms are six-coordinated. At 1200°C rhombohedral α-Ca 3UO 6 irreversibly transforms to monoclinic β-Ca 3UO 6.

  3. Increased hippocampal CA1 cerebral blood volume in schizophrenia

    PubMed Central

    Talati, Pratik; Rane, Swati; Kose, Samet; Blackford, Jennifer Urbano; Gore, John; Donahue, Manus J.; Heckers, Stephan

    2014-01-01

    Hippocampal hyperactivity has been proposed as a biomarker in schizophrenia. However, there is a debate whether the CA1 or the CA2/3 subfield is selectively affected. We studied 15 schizophrenia patients and 15 matched healthy control subjects with 3T steady state, gadolinium-enhanced, absolute cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps, perpendicular to the long axis of the hippocampus. The subfields of the hippocampal formation (subiculum, CA1, CA2/3, and hilus/dentate gyrus) were manually segmented to establish CBV values. Comparing anterior CA1 and CA2/3 CBV between patients and controls revealed a significant subfield-by-diagnosis interaction. This interaction was due to the combined effect of a trend of increased CA1 CBV (p = .06) and non-significantly decreased CA2/3 CBV (p = 0.14) in patients relative to healthy controls. These results support the emerging hypothesis of increased hippocampal activity as a biomarker of schizophrenia and highlight the importance of subfield-level investigations. PMID:25161901

  4. Encoding, consolidation, and retrieval of contextual memory: differential involvement of dorsal CA3 and CA1 hippocampal subregions.

    PubMed

    Daumas, Stéphanie; Halley, Hélène; Francés, Bernard; Lassalle, Jean-Michel

    2005-01-01

    Studies on human and animals shed light on the unique hippocampus contributions to relational memory. However, the particular role of each hippocampal subregion in memory processing is still not clear. Hippocampal computational models and theories have emphasized a unique function in memory for each hippocampal subregion, with the CA3 area acting as an autoassociative memory network and the CA1 area as a critical output structure. In order to understand the respective roles of the CA3- and CA1-hippocampal areas in the formation of contextual memory, we studied the effects of the reversible inactivation by lidocaine of the CA3 or CA1 areas of the dorsal hippocampus on acquisition, consolidation, and retrieval of a contextual fear conditioning. Whereas infusions of lidocaine never impaired elementary tone conditioning, their effects on contextual conditioning provided interesting clues about the role of these two hippocampal regions. They demonstrated first that the CA3 area is necessary for the rapid elaboration of a unified representation of the context. Secondly, they suggested that the CA1 area is rather involved in the consolidation process of contextual memory. Third, they showed that CA1 or CA3 inactivation during retention test has no effect on contextual fear retrieval when a recognition memory procedure is used. In conclusion, our findings point as evidence that CA1 and CA3 subregions of the dorsal hippocampus play important and different roles in the acquisition and consolidation of contextual fear memory, whereas they are not required for context recognition.

  5. Dentate network activity is necessary for spatial working memory by supporting CA3 sharp-wave ripple generation and prospective firing of CA3 neurons.

    PubMed

    Sasaki, Takuya; Piatti, Verónica C; Hwaun, Ernie; Ahmadi, Siavash; Lisman, John E; Leutgeb, Stefan; Leutgeb, Jill K

    2018-02-01

    Complex spatial working memory tasks have been shown to require both hippocampal sharp-wave ripple (SWR) activity and dentate gyrus (DG) neuronal activity. We therefore asked whether DG inputs to CA3 contribute to spatial working memory by promoting SWR generation. Recordings from DG and CA3 while rats performed a dentate-dependent working memory task on an eight-arm radial maze revealed that the activity of dentate neurons and the incidence rate of SWRs both increased during reward consumption. We then found reduced reward-related CA3 SWR generation without direct input from dentate granule neurons. Furthermore, CA3 cells with place fields in not-yet-visited arms preferentially fired during SWRs at reward locations, and these prospective CA3 firing patterns were more pronounced for correct trials and were dentate-dependent. These results indicate that coordination of CA3 neuronal activity patterns by DG is necessary for the generation of neuronal firing patterns that support goal-directed behavior and memory.

  6. Association between preoperative hydration status and acute kidney injury in patients managed surgically for kidney tumours.

    PubMed

    Ellis, Robert J; Del Vecchio, Sharon J; Kalma, Benjamin; Ng, Keng Lim; Morais, Christudas; Francis, Ross S; Gobe, Glenda C; Ferris, Rebekah; Wood, Simon T

    2018-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperative dehydration and intraoperative hypotension were associated with postoperative acute kidney injury in patients managed surgically for kidney tumours. A retrospective analysis of 184 patients who underwent nephrectomy at a single centre was performed, investigating associations between acute kidney injury after nephrectomy, and both intraoperative hypotension and preoperative hydration/volume status. Intraoperative hypotension was defined as mean arterial pressure < 60 mmHg for ≥ 5 min. Urine conductivity was evaluated as a surrogate measure of preoperative hydration (euhydrated < 15 mS/cm; mildly dehydrated 15-20 mS/cm; dehydrated > 20 mS/cm). Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate associations between exposures and the primary outcome, with adjustment made for potential confounders. Patients who were dehydrated and mildly dehydrated had an increased risk of acute kidney injury (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 4.1, 95% CI 1.3-13.5; and aOR 2.4, 95% CI 1.1-5.3, respectively) compared with euhydrated patients (p = 0.009). Surgical approach appeared to modify this effect, where dehydrated patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were most likely to develop acute kidney injury, compared with patients managed using an open approach. Intraoperative hypotension was not associated with acute kidney injury. Preoperative dehydration may be associated with postoperative acute kidney injury. Avoiding dehydration in the preoperative period may be advisable, and adherence to international evidence-based guidelines on preoperative fasting is recommended.

  7. Position tracking of moving liver lesion based on real-time registration between 2D ultrasound and 3D preoperative images

    SciTech Connect

    Weon, Chijun; Hyun Nam, Woo; Lee, Duhgoon

    Purpose: Registration between 2D ultrasound (US) and 3D preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) (or computed tomography, CT) images has been studied recently for US-guided intervention. However, the existing techniques have some limits, either in the registration speed or the performance. The purpose of this work is to develop a real-time and fully automatic registration system between two intermodal images of the liver, and subsequently an indirect lesion positioning/tracking algorithm based on the registration result, for image-guided interventions. Methods: The proposed position tracking system consists of three stages. In the preoperative stage, the authors acquire several 3D preoperative MR (or CT) imagesmore » at different respiratory phases. Based on the transformations obtained from nonrigid registration of the acquired 3D images, they then generate a 4D preoperative image along the respiratory phase. In the intraoperative preparatory stage, they properly attach a 3D US transducer to the patient’s body and fix its pose using a holding mechanism. They then acquire a couple of respiratory-controlled 3D US images. Via the rigid registration of these US images to the 3D preoperative images in the 4D image, the pose information of the fixed-pose 3D US transducer is determined with respect to the preoperative image coordinates. As feature(s) to use for the rigid registration, they may choose either internal liver vessels or the inferior vena cava. Since the latter is especially useful in patients with a diffuse liver disease, the authors newly propose using it. In the intraoperative real-time stage, they acquire 2D US images in real-time from the fixed-pose transducer. For each US image, they select candidates for its corresponding 2D preoperative slice from the 4D preoperative MR (or CT) image, based on the predetermined pose information of the transducer. The correct corresponding image is then found among those candidates via real-time 2D registration based

  8. Molecular alterations of EGFR and PIK3CA in uterine serous carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Hayes, Monica Prasad; Douglas, Wayne; Ellenson, Lora Hedrick

    2009-06-01

    Uterine serous carcinoma (USC) is an aggressive endometrial cancer associated with poor prognosis despite comprehensive surgical staging and adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Biologic targets have yet to be fully explored in this disease and research on such targets could lead to clinical trials utilizing a new class of therapeutics. This study sought to evaluate primary USC tumors for molecular alterations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the recently characterized oncogene PIK3CA, which encodes the catalytic p110-alpha subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and thus activates the AKT-mTOR oncogenic pathway. Paraffin-embedded archival tissue of 45 primary USC tumors was utilized in this study. Immunohistochemical analysis of EGFR was performed and cases given a score of 0 to 12 calculated as the product of staining intensity (0 to 3+) and the percentage of positively stained cells (0-4), with 1=1-25%, 2=26-50%, 3=51-75%, and 4=76-100%. For mutational analysis, neoplastic tissue was microdissected and DNA was extracted with phenol-chloroform. Exons 18 through 21 of EGFR and exons 9 and 20 of PIK3CA, the most commonly mutated exons of these genes, were amplified and directly sequenced. When EGFR was evaluated, moderate or strong EGFR membranous staining was observed in 25/45 (56%) USC cases. Thus, a mutational analysis was performed on 35 cases, including all cases with moderate and strong EGFR staining. No mutations were identified in EGFR. In contrast, PIK3CA mutations were confirmed in 5/34 (15%) of USC cases. Four cases were mutated in exon 20 and one case was mutated in exon 9. Since optimal treatment of uterine serous carcinoma remains unknown, novel therapeutic approaches need to be actively pursued. In the current study of primary USC tumors, oncogenic mutations of the PIK3CA gene were seen in 15% of USC cases. This represents the first report of this gene mutation in USC. In addition, EGFR stained positively in the majority

  9. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: in vitro inhibition of α isoforms (hCA I, hCA II, bCA III, hCA IV) by flavonoids.

    PubMed

    Ekinci, Derya; Karagoz, Lutfi; Ekinci, Deniz; Senturk, Murat; Supuran, Claudiu T

    2013-04-01

    A series of flavonoids, such as quercetin, catechin, apigenin, luteolin, morin, were investigated for their inhibitory effects against the metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA). The compounds were tested against four α-CA isozymes purified from human and bovine (hCA I, hCA II, bCA III, hCA IV) tissues. The four isozymes showed quite diverse inhibition profiles with these compounds. The flavonoids inhibited hCA I with K(I)-s in the range of 2.2-12.8 μM, hCA II with K(I)-s in the range of 0.74-6.2 μM, bCA III with K(I)-s in the range of 2.2-21.3 μM, and hCA IV with inhibition constants in the range of 4.4-15.7, with an esterase assay using 4-nitrophenyl acetate as substrate. Some simple phenols/sulfonamides were also investigated as standard inhibitors. The flavonoids incorporate phenol moieties which inhibit these CAs through a diverse, not yet determined inhibition mechanism, compared to classic inhibitors such as the sulfonamide/sulfamate ones.

  10. Altered Ca2+ Kinetics Associated with α-Actinin-3 Deficiency May Explain Positive Selection for ACTN3 Null Allele in Human Evolution

    PubMed Central

    Houweling, Peter J.; Quinlan, Kate G. R.; Murphy, Robyn; Wagner, Sören; Friedrich, Oliver; North, Kathryn N.

    2015-01-01

    Over 1.5 billion people lack the skeletal muscle fast-twitch fibre protein α-actinin-3 due to homozygosity for a common null polymorphism (R577X) in the ACTN3 gene. α-Actinin-3 deficiency is detrimental to sprint performance in elite athletes and beneficial to endurance activities. In the human genome, it is very difficult to find single-gene loss-of-function variants that bear signatures of positive selection, yet intriguingly, the ACTN3 null variant has undergone strong positive selection during recent evolution, appearing to provide a survival advantage where food resources are scarce and climate is cold. We have previously demonstrated that α-actinin-3 deficiency in the Actn3 KO mouse results in a shift in fast-twitch fibres towards oxidative metabolism, which would be more “energy efficient” in famine, and beneficial to endurance performance. Prolonged exposure to cold can also induce changes in skeletal muscle similar to those observed with endurance training, and changes in Ca2+ handling by the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) are a key factor underlying these adaptations. On this basis, we explored the effects of α-actinin-3 deficiency on Ca2+ kinetics in single flexor digitorum brevis muscle fibres from Actn3 KO mice, using the Ca2+-sensitive dye fura-2. Compared to wild-type, fibres of Actn3 KO mice showed: (i) an increased rate of decay of the twitch transient; (ii) a fourfold increase in the rate of SR Ca2+ leak; (iii) a threefold increase in the rate of SR Ca2+ pumping; and (iv) enhanced maintenance of tetanic Ca2+ during fatigue. The SR Ca2+ pump, SERCA1, and the Ca2+-binding proteins, calsequestrin and sarcalumenin, showed markedly increased expression in muscles of KO mice. Together, these changes in Ca2+ handling in the absence of α-actinin-3 are consistent with cold acclimatisation and thermogenesis, and offer an additional explanation for the positive selection of the ACTN3 577X null allele in populations living in cold environments during

  11. CaV1.3 L-type Ca2+ channels modulate depression-like behaviour in mice independent of deaf phenotype.

    PubMed

    Busquet, Perrine; Nguyen, Ngoc Khoi; Schmid, Eduard; Tanimoto, Naoyuki; Seeliger, Mathias W; Ben-Yosef, Tamar; Mizuno, Fengxia; Akopian, Abram; Striessnig, Jörg; Singewald, Nicolas

    2010-05-01

    Mounting evidence suggests that voltage-gated L-type Ca2+ channels can modulate affective behaviour. We therefore explored the role of CaV1.3 L-type Ca2+ channels in depression- and anxiety-like behaviours using CaV1.3-deficient mice (CaV1.3-/-). We showed that CaV1.3-/- mice displayed less immobility in the forced swim test as well as in the tail suspension test, indicating an antidepressant-like phenotype. Locomotor activity in the home cage or a novel open-field test was not influenced. In the elevated plus maze (EPM), CaV1.3-/- mice entered the open arms more frequently and spent more time there indicating an anxiolytic-like phenotype which was, however, not supported in the stress-induced hyperthermia test. By performing parallel experiments in Claudin 14 knockout mice (Cldn14-/-), which like CaV1.3-/- mice are congenitally deaf, an influence of deafness on the antidepressant-like phenotype could be ruled out. On the other hand, a similar EPM behaviour indicative of an anxiolytic phenotype was also found in the Cldn14-/- animals. Using electroretinography and visual behavioural tasks we demonstrated that at least in mice, CaV1.3 channels do not significantly contribute to visual function. However, marked morphological changes were revealed in synaptic ribbons in the outer plexiform layer of CaV1.3-/- retinas by immunohistochemistry suggesting a possible role of this channel type in structural plasticity at the ribbon synapse. Taken together, our findings indicate that CaV1.3 L-type Ca2+ channels modulate depression-like behaviour but are not essential for visual function. The findings raise the possibility that selective modulation of CaV1.3 channels could be a promising new therapeutic concept for the treatment of mood disorders.

  12. Structure and electrical properties of <001> textured (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Ti0.9Zr0.1)O3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, S. K.; Fuh, J. Y. H.; Lu, L.

    2012-06-01

    <001> textured (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Ti0.9Zr0.1)O3 (BCTZ) lead-free piezoelectric ceramics were prepared by templated-grain growth method using BaTiO3 as template. The degree of orientation and the microstructure of the ceramics with different amount of template were investigated. The electrical properties of the textured-ceramics in the optimized condition were dramatically enhanced compared with randomly-oriented BCTZ ceramics. The textured BCTZ ceramics showed high piezoelectric constants d33 = 470 pC/N and d31 = -170 pC/N, and high electromechanical coupling factors kp = 44% and k31 = 22%. In addition, the Curie point of the textured ceramics revealed an increase with the template content.

  13. Functional Differences in the Backward Shifts of CA1 and CA3 Place Fields in Novel and Familiar Environments

    PubMed Central

    Roth, Eric D.; Yu, Xintian; Rao, Geeta; Knierim, James J.

    2012-01-01

    Insight into the processing dynamics and other neurophysiological properties of different hippocampal subfields is critically important for understanding hippocampal function. In this study, we compared shifts in the center of mass (COM) of CA3 and CA1 place fields in a familiar and completely novel environment. Place fields in CA1 and CA3 were simultaneously recorded as rats ran along a closed loop track in a familiar room followed by a session in a completely novel room. This process was repeated each day over a 4-day period. CA3 place fields shifted backward (opposite to the direction of motion of the rat) only in novel environments. This backward shift gradually diminished across days, as the novel environment became more familiar with repeated exposures. Conversely, CA1 place fields shifted backward across all days in both familiar and novel environments. Prior studies demonstrated that CA1 place fields on average do not exhibit a backward shift during the first exposure to an environment in which the familiar cues are rearranged into a novel configuration, although CA3 place fields showed a strong backward shift. Under the completely novel conditions of the present study, no dissociation was observed between CA3 and CA1 during the first novel session (although a strong dissociation was observed in the familiar sessions and the later novel sessions). In summary, this is the first study to use simultaneous recordings in CA1 and CA3 to compare place field COM shift and other associated properties in truly novel and familiar environments. This study further demonstrates functional differentiation between CA1 and CA3 as the plasticity of CA1 place fields is affected differently by exposure to a completely novel environment in comparison to an altered, familiar environment, whereas the plasticity of CA3 place fields is affected similarly during both types of environmental novelty. PMID:22558316

  14. Relationship Between Preoperative Anemia and In-Hospital Mortality in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery.

    PubMed

    Faraoni, David; DiNardo, James A; Goobie, Susan M

    2016-12-01

    The relationship between preoperative anemia and in-hospital mortality has not been investigated in the pediatric surgical population. We hypothesized that children with preoperative anemia undergoing noncardiac surgery may have an increased risk of in-hospital mortality. We identified all children between 1 and 18 years of age with a recorded preoperative hematocrit (HCT) in the 2012, 2013, and 2014 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) pediatric databases. The endpoint was defined as the incidence of in-hospital mortality. Children with preoperative anemia were identified based on their preoperative HCT. Demographic and surgical characteristics, as well as comorbidities, were considered potential confounding variables in a multivariable logistic regression analysis. A sensitivity analysis was performed using propensity-matched analysis. Among the 183,833 children included in the 2012, 2013, and 2014 ACS NSQIP database, 74,508 had a preoperative HCT recorded (41%). After exclusion of all children <1 year of age (n = 12,063), those with congenital heart disease (n = 8943), and those who received a preoperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion (n = 1880), 12,551 (24%) children were anemic, and 39,071 (76%) were nonanemic. The median preoperative HCT was 33% (interquartile range, 31-35) in anemic children, and 39% (interquartile range, 37-42) in nonanemic children (P < .001). Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, and after adjustment for RBC transfusion (OR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.39-3.26; P < .001), we observed that preoperative anemia was associated with higher odds for in-hospital mortality (OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.48-3.19; P < .001). After propensity matching, the presence of anemia was also associated with higher odds of in-hospital mortality (OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.15-2.65; P = .004). Our study demonstrates that children with preoperative anemia are at increased risk for in-hospital mortality. Further studies are

  15. Preoperative sclerotherapy of facial venous malformations: impact on surgical parameters and long-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    James, Charles A; Braswell, Leah E; Wright, Lonnie B; Roberson, Paula K; Moore, Mary B; Waner, Milton; Buckmiller, Lisa M

    2011-07-01

    To analyze the operative benefit of preoperative sclerotherapy of facial venous malformations and assess long-term patient outcome. Preoperative sclerotherapy was performed in 24 consecutive patients referred before resection of facial venous malformation. Pretreatment imaging was reviewed for malformation dimensions (length, width, and height), and volumes were estimated. Sclerotherapy was performed with 3% sodium tetradecyl in the first 15 patients and 98% dehydrated alcohol in the remaining 9 patients. Operative blood loss, operative time, transfusion requirement, and hospital stay were recorded. Operative time per lesion volume and operative blood loss per lesion volume were calculated. Results were compared with 15 historical control patients who underwent resection of facial venous malformations without preoperative sclerotherapy. Long-term follow-up of study and control patients was performed. Compared with controls, patients undergoing preoperative venous sclerotherapy were significantly older (P = .0206) and had larger lesions in all three dimensions (height, P = .0002; length, P = .0010; width, P = .0004). Patients receiving sclerotherapy had shorter operative time per lesion volume (P < .0001) and reduced blood loss per lesion volume (P < .0001). Neither hospital stay nor the need for blood transfusion differed from the control patients (P = .2449 and P = .6857). Mild periprocedural complications were encountered in 12.5% of cases, and nerve paresis occurred in 8.3% of cases. Long-term follow-up revealed retreatment was required in 2 of 24 patients (8.3%). Preoperative sclerotherapy of venous malformations was associated with less operative time per lesion volume and less operative blood loss per lesion volume. Long-term follow-up revealed a low need for retreatment. Copyright © 2011 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. On the densification and hydration of CaCO3 particles by Q-switched laser pulses in water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Peng-Wen; Wu, Chao-Hsien; Zheng, Yuyuan; Chen, Shuei-Yuan; Shen, Pouyan

    2013-09-01

    Calcite powders subjected to Q-switched laser pulses in water were characterized by X-ray/electron diffraction and optical spectroscopy to have a significant internal compressive stress (up to ca. 1.5 GPa) with accompanied transformation into defective calcite II and hydrates. The defective calcite II particles were (0 1 0), (0 0 1), (0 1¯ 1), (0 1 3) and (0 1¯ 3) faceted with 2×(0 2 0)II commensurate superstructure and tended to hydrate epitaxially as monohydrocalcite co-existing with ikaite (CaCO3·6H2O) with extensive cleavages and amorphous calcium carbonate with porous structure. The colloidal suspension containing the densified calcite polymorphs and hydrates showed two UV-visible absorptions corresponding to a minimum band gap of ca. 5 and 3 eV, respectively.

  17. 6. PART 3 OF 3 PART PANORAMA WITH NOS. CA265J4 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. PART 3 OF 3 PART PANORAMA WITH NOS. CA-265-J-4 AND CA-265-J-5 OF FIGUEROA STREET AND LOS ANGELES RIVER VIADUCTS. NOTE ARROYO SECO CHANNEL ENTERING LOS ANGELES RIVER UNDER RAILROAD TRESTLE AT RIGHT. LOOKING 268°W. - Arroyo Seco Parkway, Figueroa Street Viaduct, Spanning Los Angeles River, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  18. Vibrational spectroscopic study of poldervaartite CaCa[SiO3(OH)(OH)].

    PubMed

    Frost, Ray L; López, Andrés; Scholz, Ricardo; Lima, Rosa Malena Fernandes

    2015-02-25

    We have studied the mineral poldervaartite CaCa[SiO3(OH)(OH)] which forms a series with its manganese analogue olmiite CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH) using a range of techniques including scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, Raman and infrared spectroscopy. Chemical analysis shows the mineral is reasonably pure and contains only calcium and manganese with low amounts of Al and F. Thermogravimetric analysis proves the mineral decomposes at 485°C with a mass loss of 7.6% compared with the theoretical mass loss of 7.7%. A strong Raman band at 852 cm(-1) is assigned to the SiO stretching vibration of the SiO3(OH) units. Two Raman bands at 914 and 953 cm(-1) are attributed to the antisymmetric vibrations. Intense prominent peaks observed at 3487, 3502, 3509, 3521 and 3547 cm(-1) are assigned to the OH stretching vibration of the SiO3(OH) units. The observation of multiple OH bands supports the concept of the non-equivalence of the OH units. Vibrational spectroscopy enables a detailed assessment of the molecular structure of poldervaartite. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Vibrational spectroscopic study of poldervaartite CaCa[SiO3(OH)(OH)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frost, Ray L.; López, Andrés; Scholz, Ricardo; Lima, Rosa Malena Fernandes

    2015-02-01

    We have studied the mineral poldervaartite CaCa[SiO3(OH)(OH)] which forms a series with its manganese analogue olmiite CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH) using a range of techniques including scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, Raman and infrared spectroscopy. Chemical analysis shows the mineral is reasonably pure and contains only calcium and manganese with low amounts of Al and F. Thermogravimetric analysis proves the mineral decomposes at 485 °C with a mass loss of 7.6% compared with the theoretical mass loss of 7.7%. A strong Raman band at 852 cm-1 is assigned to the SiO stretching vibration of the SiO3(OH) units. Two Raman bands at 914 and 953 cm-1 are attributed to the antisymmetric vibrations. Intense prominent peaks observed at 3487, 3502, 3509, 3521 and 3547 cm-1 are assigned to the OH stretching vibration of the SiO3(OH) units. The observation of multiple OH bands supports the concept of the non-equivalence of the OH units. Vibrational spectroscopy enables a detailed assessment of the molecular structure of poldervaartite.

  20. Structural, microstructural, dielectric and ferroelectric properties of lead free Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 ceramic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Sarita; Sharma, Hakikat; Negi, N. S.

    2018-05-01

    Lead free Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3(BCTZ) ceramic has been synthesized by sol-gel method. Properties of material are studied at different sintering temperatures for 5 hours. Structural and microstructural properties are analyzed by using X-ray diffractrometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) at annealing temperature of 850°C and 1050°C XRD pattern confirm the perovskite structure of the material without any unwanted phases crystalinity increased with increase of sintering temperature so as roughness and porosity is decreased as shown by SEM micrographs. There is large improvement in density with rise of sintering temperature which also leads to drastic change in ferroelectric and dielectric properties.

  1. Altered thalamocortical rhythmicity and connectivity in mice lacking CaV3.1 T-type Ca2+ channels in unconsciousness

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Soonwook; Yu, Eunah; Lee, Seongwon; Llinás, Rodolfo R.

    2015-01-01

    In unconscious status (e.g., deep sleep and anesthetic unconsciousness) where cognitive functions are not generated there is still a significant level of brain activity present. Indeed, the electrophysiology of the unconscious brain is characterized by well-defined thalamocortical rhythmicity. Here we address the ionic basis for such thalamocortical rhythms during unconsciousness. In particular, we address the role of CaV3.1 T-type Ca2+ channels, which are richly expressed in thalamic neurons. Toward this aim, we examined the electrophysiological and behavioral phenotypes of mice lacking CaV3.1 channels (CaV3.1 knockout) during unconsciousness induced by ketamine or ethanol administration. Our findings indicate that CaV3.1 KO mice displayed attenuated low-frequency oscillations in thalamocortical loops, especially in the 1- to 4-Hz delta band, compared with control mice (CaV3.1 WT). Intriguingly, we also found that CaV3.1 KO mice exhibited augmented high-frequency oscillations during unconsciousness. In a behavioral measure of unconsciousness dynamics, CaV3.1 KO mice took longer to fall into the unconscious state than controls. In addition, such unconscious events had a shorter duration than those of control mice. The thalamocortical interaction level between mediodorsal thalamus and frontal cortex in CaV3.1 KO mice was significantly lower, especially for delta band oscillations, compared with that of CaV3.1 WT mice, during unconsciousness. These results suggest that the CaV3.1 channel is required for the generation of a given set of thalamocortical rhythms during unconsciousness. Further, that thalamocortical resonant neuronal activity supported by this channel is important for the control of vigilance states. PMID:26056284

  2. Altered thalamocortical rhythmicity and connectivity in mice lacking CaV3.1 T-type Ca2+ channels in unconsciousness.

    PubMed

    Choi, Soonwook; Yu, Eunah; Lee, Seongwon; Llinás, Rodolfo R

    2015-06-23

    In unconscious status (e.g., deep sleep and anesthetic unconsciousness) where cognitive functions are not generated there is still a significant level of brain activity present. Indeed, the electrophysiology of the unconscious brain is characterized by well-defined thalamocortical rhythmicity. Here we address the ionic basis for such thalamocortical rhythms during unconsciousness. In particular, we address the role of CaV3.1 T-type Ca(2+) channels, which are richly expressed in thalamic neurons. Toward this aim, we examined the electrophysiological and behavioral phenotypes of mice lacking CaV3.1 channels (CaV3.1 knockout) during unconsciousness induced by ketamine or ethanol administration. Our findings indicate that CaV3.1 KO mice displayed attenuated low-frequency oscillations in thalamocortical loops, especially in the 1- to 4-Hz delta band, compared with control mice (CaV3.1 WT). Intriguingly, we also found that CaV3.1 KO mice exhibited augmented high-frequency oscillations during unconsciousness. In a behavioral measure of unconsciousness dynamics, CaV3.1 KO mice took longer to fall into the unconscious state than controls. In addition, such unconscious events had a shorter duration than those of control mice. The thalamocortical interaction level between mediodorsal thalamus and frontal cortex in CaV3.1 KO mice was significantly lower, especially for delta band oscillations, compared with that of CaV3.1 WT mice, during unconsciousness. These results suggest that the CaV3.1 channel is required for the generation of a given set of thalamocortical rhythms during unconsciousness. Further, that thalamocortical resonant neuronal activity supported by this channel is important for the control of vigilance states.

  3. Fluctuation conductivity in the superconducting compound Bi1.7Pb0.3Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aliev, V. M.; Ragimov, J. A.; Selim-zade, R. I.; Damirova, S. Z.; Tairov, B. A.

    2017-12-01

    A study of how the partial substitution of Bi with Pb impacts the mechanism of excess conductivity in a Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system. It is found that such a substitution leads to an increase in the critical temperature of the Bi1.7Pb0.3Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy(B2) sample, in comparison to Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox (B1) [Tc (B2) = 100.09 K and Tc (B1) = 90.5 K, respectively]. At the same time, the resistivity ρ of the sample B2 in the normal phase decreases by almost 1.5 times in comparison to B1. The mechanism responsible for the generation of excess conductivity in cuprate HTSCs Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox and Bi1.7Pb0.3Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy is examined using the local pair model with consideration of the Aslamazov-Larkin theory, near Tc. The temperature T0 of the transition from the 2D fluctuation region to the 3D (i.e., the temperature of the 2D-3D crossover), is also determined. The coherence length ξc(0) along the c axis of fluctuation Cooper pairs is calculated. It is shown that the partial substitution of Bi with Pb in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system leads to a decrease in ξc(0) by a factor of 1.3 (4.205 and 3.254 Å, respectively), and that there is a narrowing of both the region of pseudogap existence and the region of superconducting fluctuations near Tc. The temperature dependence of the pseudogap Δ*(T) and the value Δ*(Tc) are determined, and the temperatures Tm, which correspond to the maximum of the pseudogap as a function of temperature in these materials, are estimated. The pseudogap maxima in samples B1 and B2 are found to be 61.06 and 38.18 meV, respectively.

  4. Presynaptic kainate receptor-mediated facilitation of glutamate release involves Ca2+ -calmodulin at mossy fiber-CA3 synapses.

    PubMed

    Andrade-Talavera, Yuniesky; Duque-Feria, Paloma; Negrete-Díaz, José Vicente; Sihra, Talvinder S; Flores, Gonzalo; Rodríguez-Moreno, Antonio

    2012-09-01

    Presynaptic kainate receptors (KARs) modulate the release of glutamate at synapses established between mossy fibers (MF) and CA3 pyramidal cells in the hippocampus. The activation of KAR by low, nanomolar, kainate concentrations facilitates glutamate release. KAR-mediated facilitation of glutamate release involves the activation of an adenylate cyclase/cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A cascade at MF-CA3 synapses. Here, we studied the mechanisms by which KAR activation produces this facilitation of glutamate release in slices and synaptosomes. We find that the facilitation of glutamate release mediated by KAR activation requires an increase in Ca(2+) levels in the cytosol and the formation of a Ca(2+) -calmodulin complex to activate adenylate cyclase. The increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) underpinning this modulation is achieved, both, by Ca(2+) entering via Ca(2+) -permeable KARs and, by the mobilization of intraterminal Ca(2+) stores. Finally, we find that, congruent with the Ca(2+) -calmodulin support of KAR-mediated facilitation of glutamate release, induction of long-term potentiation at MF-CA3 synapses has an obligate requirement for Ca(2+) -calmodulin activity. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Neurochemistry © 2012 International Society for Neurochemistry.

  5. Lanthanide Contraction Effect In Magnetic Thermoelectric Materials Of Rare Earth-doped Bi1.5Pb0.5Ca2Co2O8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sutjahja, Inge Magdalena; Akbar, Taufik; Nugroho, Agung

    2010-12-01

    We report in this paper the result of synthesis and crystal structure characterization of magnetic thermoelectric materials of rare-earth-doped Bi1.5Pb0.5Ca2Co2O8, namely Bi1.5Pb0.5Ca1.9RE0.1Co2O8 (RE = La, Pr, Sm, Eu, Gd, Ho). Single phase samples have been prepared by solid state reaction process using precursors of Bi2O3, PbO, CaCO3, RE2O3, and Co3O4. The precursors were pulverized, calcinated, and sintered in air at various temperatures for several hours. Analysis of XRD data shows that Bi1.5Pb0.5Ca1.9RE0.1Co2O8 compound is a layered system consisting of an alternate stack of CoO2 layer and Bi2Sr2O4 block along the c-axis. The misfit structure along b-direction is revealed from the difference of the b-axis length belonging to two sublattices, namely hexagonal CdI2-type CoO2 layer and rock-salt (RS) NaCl-type Bi2Sr2O4 block, while they possess the common a- and c-axis lattice parameters and β angles. The overall crystal structure parameters (a, b, and c) increases with type of doping from La to Ho, namely by decreasing the ionic radii of rare-earth ion. We discuss this phenomenon in terms of the lanthanide contraction, an effect commonly found in the rare-earth compound, results from poor shielding of nuclear charge by 4f electrons. In addition, the values of b-lattice parameters in these rare-earth doped samples are almost the same with those belongs to undoped parent compound (Bi1.5Pb0.5Sr2Co2O8) and its related Y-doped (Bi1.5Pb0.5Ca1.9Y0.1Co2O8) samples, while the c-values reduced significantly in rare-earth doped samples, with opposite trend with those of variation of a-axis length. Morevover, the misfit degree in rare-earth doped compound is higher in compared to parent compound and Y-doped samples. We argue that these structural changes induced by rare-earth doping may provide information for the variation of electronic structure of Co-ions (Co3+ and Co4+), in particular their different spin states of low-spin, intermediate-spin, and high-spin. This, in

  6. GPR30 activation improves memory and facilitates DHPG-induced LTD in the hippocampal CA3 of middle-aged mice.

    PubMed

    Xu, Wen; Cao, Jian; Zhou, Yan; Wang, Lina; Zhu, Guoqi

    2018-03-01

    Reduced estrogen levels and decreased expression of related receptors are typical cerebral features of aging. The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1, also known as GPR30) is considered a novel therapeutic target for neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we demonstrated that hippocampal GPR30 expression was reduced in middle-aged mice compared with young adult mice. GPR30 agonist G1 improved both fear and spatial memory in both male and female middle-aged mice, but not in young adult mice, which were blocked by the GPR30 antagonist G15. Interestingly, a group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist, 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG)-induced long-term depression (LTD) in mossy fiber-cornu ammonis 3 (MF-CA3) synapses but not Schaffer collateral-CA1 (SC-CA1) synapses was facilitated in brain slices from G1-treated middle-aged mice. Long-term potentiation (LTP) in SC-CA1 synapses was not affected in slices from G1-treated mice. The effects of GPR30 activation on memory and DHPG-LTD in MF-CA3 synapses were further confirmed by viral expression of GPR30 in the CA3. The regulation of hippocampal synaptic plasticity by G1 treatment might be related to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) signaling, as G15 also blocked G1-induced activation of the BDNF-TrkB pathway. Moreover, we found that DHPG triggered GluA internalization in slices from G1-treated mice but not control mice. Pharmacological experiments showed that G1-mediated facilitation of DHPG-induced LTD in MF-CA3 synapses was dependent on protein kinase B (Akt), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTor), and TrkB signaling. In conclusion, our results indicate that GPR30 activation improves memory in middle-aged mice, likely through facilitating synaptic plasticity in the CA3. This study provides novel evidence that GPR30 activation can improve memory in middle-aged animals. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Synthesis, Luminescence Properties and Energy Transfer of CaZrO3:Sm3+, Bi3+ Phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Renping; Han, Peng; Luo, Wenjie; Fu, Ting; Luo, Zhiyang; Liu, Pan; Chen, Zhiquan; Yu, Xiaoguang

    2016-07-01

    Novel CaZrO3:Sm3+, Bi3+ phosphor is synthesized by a solid-state reaction method in air and the crystal structures and luminescence properties are investigated. The emission spectrum with excitation 308 nm contains emission of Sm3+ and Bi3+ ions at the same time; however, it only has an emission of Sm3+ ion with excitation 408 nm. Emission intensity of CaZrO3:Sm3+ phosphor can be enhanced about four times owing to energy transfer from the Bi3+ ion to the Sm3+ ion and with the fluxing agent role of Bi3+ ion when Bi3+ ion is co-doped. The possible luminous mechanism is analyzed by energy level diagrams of Bi3+ and Sm3+ ions and the energy transfer process in CaZrO3:Sm3+, Bi3+ phosphor. The experimental results indicate that, hopefully, CaZrO3:Sm3+, Bi3+ phosphor can be used as a reddish orange phosphor candidate for white light-emitting diodes based on near an ultraviolet (~408 nm) chip.

  8. Facility-level association of preoperative stress testing and postoperative adverse cardiac events.

    PubMed

    Valle, Javier A; Graham, Laura; Thiruvoipati, Thejasvi; Grunwald, Gary; Armstrong, Ehrin J; Maddox, Thomas M; Hawn, Mary T; Bradley, Steven M

    2018-06-22

    Despite limited indications, preoperative stress testing is often used prior to non-cardiac surgery. Patient-level analyses of stress testing and outcomes are limited by case mix and selection bias. Therefore, we sought to describe facility-level rates of preoperative stress testing for non-cardiac surgery, and to determine the association between facility-level preoperative stress testing and postoperative major adverse cardiac events (MACE). We identified patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery within 2 years of percutaneous coronary intervention in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Care System, from 2004 to 2011, facility-level rates of preoperative stress testing and postoperative MACE (death, myocardial infarction (MI) or revascularisation within 30 days). We determined risk-standardised facility-level rates of stress testing and postoperative MACE, and the relationship between facility-level preoperative stress testing and postoperative MACE. Among 29 937 patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery at 131 VA facilities, the median facility rate of preoperative stress testing was 13.2% (IQR 9.7%-15.9%; range 6.0%-21.5%), and 30-day postoperative MACE was 4.0% (IQR 2.4%-5.4%). After risk standardisation, the median facility-level rate of stress testing was 12.7% (IQR 8.4%-17.4%) and postoperative MACE was 3.8% (IQR 2.3%-5.6%). There was no correlation between risk-standardised stress testing and composite MACE at the facility level (r=0.022, p=0.81), or with individual outcomes of death, MI or revascularisation. In a national cohort of veterans undergoing non-cardiac surgery, we observed substantial variation in facility-level rates of preoperative stress testing. Facilities with higher rates of preoperative stress testing were not associated with better postoperative outcomes. These findings suggest an opportunity to reduce variation in preoperative stress testing without sacrificing patient outcomes. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise

  9. Single orthorhombic b axis orientation and antiferromagnetic ordering type in multiferroic CaMnO3 thin film with La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 buffer layer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, F.; Dong, B. J.; Zhang, Y. Q.; Liu, W.; Zhang, H. R.; Bai, Y.; Li, S. K.; Yang, T.; Sun, J. R.; Wang, Z. J.; Zhang, Z. D.

    2017-09-01

    The detailed crystal structure and antiferromagnetic properties of a 42 nm thick CaMnO3 film grown on a LaAlO3 substrate with a 9 nm La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 buffer layer have been investigated. Compared with a CaMnO3 film directly grown on a LaAlO3 substrate, only one kind of orthorhombic b axis orientation along the [100] axis of the substrate is observed in the CaMnO3 film with a La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 buffer layer. To determine the antiferromagnetic ordering type of our CaMnO3 film with a buffer layer, the first-principles calculations were carried out with the results, indicating that the CaMnO3 film, even under a tensile strain of 1.9%, is still a compensated G-type antiferromagnetic order, the same as the bulk. Moreover, the exchange bias effect is observed at the interface of the CaMnO3/La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 film, further confirming the antiferromagnetic ordering of the CaMnO3 film with a buffer layer. In addition, it is concluded that the exchange bias effect originates from the spin glass state at the La0.67Ca0.33MnO3/CaMnO3 interface, which arises from a competition between the double-exchange ferromagnetic La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 and super-exchange antiferromagnetic CaMnO3 below the spin glass freezing temperature.

  10. Struma Ovarii with Elevated Ca-125 Levels and Ascites Mimicking Advanced Ca Ovary

    PubMed Central

    Sinha, Navin Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Struma ovarii is uncommon tumor of ovary which can mimic as advanced carcinoma of ovary. Thyroid tissue is relatively frequent constituent of mature ovarian teratoma. Case of struma ovarii masquerading as cancer of ovary in a female aged 63 yrs showing complex large unilateral multilocular adnexal mass with elevated CA 125 (more than 1721 IU/L) and massive ascites mislead treating surgeons for long time. Clinicians were virtually clueless about preoperative diagnosis. Combination of ascites has been seen in one third cases but association with raised CA 125 is rare(only 8-10 cases so far). This case developed hypothyroidism one week after surgery. PMID:24783110

  11. Cannabinoids disrupt memory encoding by functionally isolating hippocampal CA1 from CA3.

    PubMed

    Sandler, Roman A; Fetterhoff, Dustin; Hampson, Robert E; Deadwyler, Sam A; Marmarelis, Vasilis Z

    2017-07-01

    Much of the research on cannabinoids (CBs) has focused on their effects at the molecular and synaptic level. However, the effects of CBs on the dynamics of neural circuits remains poorly understood. This study aims to disentangle the effects of CBs on the functional dynamics of the hippocampal Schaffer collateral synapse by using data-driven nonparametric modeling. Multi-unit activity was recorded from rats doing an working memory task in control sessions and under the influence of exogenously administered tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary CB found in marijuana. It was found that THC left firing rate unaltered and only slightly reduced theta oscillations. Multivariate autoregressive models, estimated from spontaneous spiking activity, were then used to describe the dynamical transformation from CA3 to CA1. They revealed that THC served to functionally isolate CA1 from CA3 by reducing feedforward excitation and theta information flow. The functional isolation was compensated by increased feedback excitation within CA1, thus leading to unaltered firing rates. Finally, both of these effects were shown to be correlated with memory impairments in the working memory task. By elucidating the circuit mechanisms of CBs, these results help close the gap in knowledge between the cellular and behavioral effects of CBs.

  12. Cannabinoids disrupt memory encoding by functionally isolating hippocampal CA1 from CA3

    PubMed Central

    Fetterhoff, Dustin; Hampson, Robert E.; Deadwyler, Sam A.; Marmarelis, Vasilis Z.

    2017-01-01

    Much of the research on cannabinoids (CBs) has focused on their effects at the molecular and synaptic level. However, the effects of CBs on the dynamics of neural circuits remains poorly understood. This study aims to disentangle the effects of CBs on the functional dynamics of the hippocampal Schaffer collateral synapse by using data-driven nonparametric modeling. Multi-unit activity was recorded from rats doing an working memory task in control sessions and under the influence of exogenously administered tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary CB found in marijuana. It was found that THC left firing rate unaltered and only slightly reduced theta oscillations. Multivariate autoregressive models, estimated from spontaneous spiking activity, were then used to describe the dynamical transformation from CA3 to CA1. They revealed that THC served to functionally isolate CA1 from CA3 by reducing feedforward excitation and theta information flow. The functional isolation was compensated by increased feedback excitation within CA1, thus leading to unaltered firing rates. Finally, both of these effects were shown to be correlated with memory impairments in the working memory task. By elucidating the circuit mechanisms of CBs, these results help close the gap in knowledge between the cellular and behavioral effects of CBs. PMID:28686594

  13. 1.5 My benthic foraminiferal B/Ca record of carbonate chemistry in the deep Atlantic: Implications for ocean alkalinity and atmospheric CO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosenthal, Y.; Sosdian, S. M.; Toggweiler, J. R.

    2017-12-01

    Most hypotheses to explain glacial-interglacial changes in atmospheric CO2 invoke shifts in ocean alkalinity explain roughly half the reduction in glacial CO2 via CaCO3 compensatory mechanism. It follows that changes in CaCO3 burial occur in response to an increase in deep ocean respired carbon content. To date our understanding of this process comes from benthic carbon isotope and %CaCO3 records. However, to understand the nature of the ocean's buffering capacity and its role in modulating pCO2, orbitally resolved reconstructions of the deep ocean carbonate system parameters are necessary. Here we present a 1.5 Myr orbitally resolved deep ocean calcite saturation record (ΔCO32-) derived from benthic foraminiferal B/Ca ratios in the North Atlantic. Glacial B/Ca values decline across the mid-Pleistocene transition (MPT) suggesting increased sequestration of carbon in the deep Atlantic. The magnitude, timing, and structure of deep Atlantic Ocean ΔCO32- and %CaCO3 cycles contrast with the small amplitude, anti-phased swings in IndoPacific ΔCO32- and %CaCO3 during the mid-to-late Pleistocene. Increasing corrosivity of the deep Atlantic causes the locus of CaCO3 burial to shift into the equatorial Pacific where the flux of CaCO3 to the seafloor is high enough to establish and maintain a new "hot spot". We propose that the CO32- in the deep IndoPacific rises in response to the same mechanism that keeps the CO32- in the deep Atlantic low and the atmospheric CO2 low. The increase in interglacial atmospheric pCO2 levels following the Mid-Brunhes event ( 400ka) are associated with increased G/IG ΔCO3 amplitude, expressed by a decrease in the glacial ΔCO32- values. We propose the low persistent ΔCO32- levels at Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 12 set the stage for the high pCO2 levels at MIS 11 via an increase in whole ocean alkalinity followed by enhanced CaCO3 preservation. Based on this, we suggest that the development of classic (`anticorrelated') CaCO3 patterns was

  14. Superconductivity in Li{sub 3}Ca{sub 2}C{sub 6} intercalated graphite

    SciTech Connect

    Emery, Nicolas; Herold, Claire; Mareche, Jean-Francois

    2006-04-15

    In this paper, we report the discovery of superconductivity in Li{sub 3}Ca{sub 2}C{sub 6}. Several graphite intercalation compounds (GICs) with electron donors, are well known as superconductors [T. Enoki, S. Masatsugu, E. Morinobu, Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003]. It is probably not astonishing, since it is generally admitted that low dimensionality promotes high superconducting transition temperatures. Superconductivity is lacking in pristine graphite, but after charging the graphene planes by intercalation, its electronic properties change considerably and superconducting behaviour can appear. Li{sub 3}Ca{sub 2}C{sub 6} is a ternary GIC [S. Pruvost, C. Herold, A. Herold, P.more » Lagrange, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 8 (2004) 1661-1667], for which the intercalated sheets are very thick and poly layered (five lithium layers and two calcium ones). It contains a great amount of metal (five metallic atoms for six carbon ones). Its critical temperature of 11.15 K is very close to that of CaC{sub 6} GIC [T.E. Weller, M. Ellerby, S.S. Saxena, R.P. Smith, N.T. Skipper, Nat. Phys. 1 (2005) 39-41; N. Emery, C. Herold, M. d'Astuto, V. Garcia, Ch. Bellin, J.F. Mareche, P. Lagrange, G. Loupias, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95 (2005) 087003] (11.5 K). Both CaC{sub 6} and Li{sub 3}Ca{sub 2}C{sub 6} GICs possess currently the highest transition temperatures among all the GICs.« less

  15. Usefulness of routine preoperative testing in a developing country: a prospective study

    PubMed Central

    Bordes, Julien; Cungi, Pierre-Julien; Savoie, Pierre-Henry; Bonnet, Stéphane; Kaiser, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The assessment of anesthetic risks is an essential component of preoperative evaluation. In developing world, preanesthesia evaluation may be challenging because patient's medical history and records are scare, and language barrier limits physical examination. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of routine preoperative testing in a low-resources setting. Methods Prospective observational study performed in a French forward surgical unit in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. 201 patients who were scheduled for non urgent surgery were screened with routine laboratory exams during preoperative evaluation. Changes in surgery were assessed (delayed or scheduled). Results Abnormal hemoglobin findings were reported in 35% of patients, abnormal WBC count in 11,1% of patients, abnormal platelets in 15,3% of patients. Positive HIV results were found in 8,3% of cases. Routine tests represented 43,6% of changes causes. Conclusion Our study showed that in a developing country, routine preoperative tests showed abnormal results up to 35% of cases, and represented 43,5% of delayed surgery causes. The rate of tests leading to management changes varied widely, from 0% to 8,3%. These results suggested that selected tests would be useful to diagnose diseases that required treatment before non urgent surgery. However, larger studies are needeed to evaluate the cost/benefit ratio and the clinical impact of such a strategy. PMID:26516395

  16. Charge transport and magnetization profile at the interface between the correlated metal CaRuO3 and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freeland, J. W.; Chakhalian, J.; Boris, A. V.; Tonnerre, J.-M.; Kavich, J. J.; Yordanov, P.; Grenier, S.; Zschack, P.; Karapetrova, E.; Popovich, P.; Lee, H. N.; Keimer, B.

    2010-03-01

    A combination of spectroscopic probes was used to develop a detailed experimental description of the transport and magnetic properties of superlattices composed of the paramagnetic metal CaRuO3 and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3 . The charge-carrier density and Ru valence state in the superlattices are not significantly different from those of bulk CaRuO3 . The small charge transfer across the interface implied by these observations confirms predictions derived from density-functional calculations. However, a ferromagnetic polarization due to canted Mn spins penetrates 3-4 unit cells into CaMnO3 , far exceeding the corresponding predictions. The discrepancy may indicate the formation of magnetic polarons at the interface.

  17. Distribution of virulence genes and genotyping of CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from patients with community-acquired urinary tract infection (CA-UTI).

    PubMed

    Ranjbar, Reza; Memariani, Hamed; Sorouri, Rahim; Memariani, Mojtaba

    2016-11-01

    Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the most important agents of community-acquired urinary tract infection (CA-UTI). In addition to extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), a number of virulence factors have been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of K. pneumoniae, including capsule, siderophores, and adhesins. Little is known about the genetic diversity and virulence content of the CTX-M-15-producing K. pneumoniae isolated from CA-UTI in Iran. A total of 152 K. pneumoniae isolates were collected from CA-UTI patients in Tehran from September 2015 through April 2016. Out of 152 isolates, 40 (26.3%) carried bla CTX-M-15 . PCR was performed for detection of virulence genes in CTX-M-15-producing isolates. Furthermore, all of these isolates were subjected to multiple-locus variable-number of tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA). Using MLVA method, 36 types were identified. CTX-M-15-producing K. pneumoniae isolates were grouped into 5 clonal complexes (CCs). Of these isolates, mrkD was the most prevalent virulence gene (95%), followed by kpn (60%), rmpA (37.5%), irp (35%), and magA (2.5%). No correlation between MLVA types or CCs and virulence genes or antibiotic resistance patterns was observed. Overall, it is thought that CTX-M-15-producing K. pneumoniae strains isolated from CA-UTI have arisen from different clones. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Rapid Recycling of Ca2+ between IP3-Sensitive Stores and Lysosomes

    PubMed Central

    López Sanjurjo, Cristina I.; Tovey, Stephen C.; Taylor, Colin W.

    2014-01-01

    Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) evokes release of Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), but the resulting Ca2+ signals are shaped by interactions with additional intracellular organelles. Bafilomycin A1, which prevents lysosomal Ca2+ uptake by inhibiting H+ pumping into lysosomes, increased the amplitude of the initial Ca2+ signals evoked by carbachol in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells. Carbachol alone and carbachol in combination with parathyroid hormone (PTH) evoke Ca2+ release from distinct IP3-sensitive Ca2+ stores in HEK cells stably expressing human type 1 PTH receptors. Bafilomycin A1 similarly exaggerated the Ca2+ signals evoked by carbachol or carbachol with PTH, indicating that Ca2+ released from distinct IP3-sensitive Ca2+ stores is sequestered by lysosomes. The Ca2+ signals resulting from store-operated Ca2+ entry, whether evoked by thapsigargin or carbachol, were unaffected by bafilomycin A1. Using Gd3+ (1 mM) to inhibit both Ca2+ entry and Ca2+ extrusion, HEK cells were repetitively stimulated with carbachol to assess the effectiveness of Ca2+ recycling to the ER after IP3-evoked Ca2+ release. Blocking lysosomal Ca2+ uptake with bafilomycin A1 increased the amplitude of each carbachol-evoked Ca2+ signal without affecting the rate of Ca2+ recycling to the ER. This suggests that Ca2+ accumulated by lysosomes is rapidly returned to the ER. We conclude that lysosomes rapidly, reversibly and selectively accumulate the Ca2+ released by IP3 receptors residing within distinct Ca2+ stores, but not the Ca2+ entering cells via receptor-regulated, store-operated Ca2+ entry pathways. PMID:25337829

  19. Rapid recycling of Ca2+ between IP3-sensitive stores and lysosomes.

    PubMed

    López Sanjurjo, Cristina I; Tovey, Stephen C; Taylor, Colin W

    2014-01-01

    Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) evokes release of Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), but the resulting Ca2+ signals are shaped by interactions with additional intracellular organelles. Bafilomycin A1, which prevents lysosomal Ca2+ uptake by inhibiting H+ pumping into lysosomes, increased the amplitude of the initial Ca2+ signals evoked by carbachol in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells. Carbachol alone and carbachol in combination with parathyroid hormone (PTH) evoke Ca2+ release from distinct IP3-sensitive Ca2+ stores in HEK cells stably expressing human type 1 PTH receptors. Bafilomycin A1 similarly exaggerated the Ca2+ signals evoked by carbachol or carbachol with PTH, indicating that Ca2+ released from distinct IP3-sensitive Ca2+ stores is sequestered by lysosomes. The Ca2+ signals resulting from store-operated Ca2+ entry, whether evoked by thapsigargin or carbachol, were unaffected by bafilomycin A1. Using Gd3+ (1 mM) to inhibit both Ca2+ entry and Ca2+ extrusion, HEK cells were repetitively stimulated with carbachol to assess the effectiveness of Ca2+ recycling to the ER after IP3-evoked Ca2+ release. Blocking lysosomal Ca2+ uptake with bafilomycin A1 increased the amplitude of each carbachol-evoked Ca2+ signal without affecting the rate of Ca2+ recycling to the ER. This suggests that Ca2+ accumulated by lysosomes is rapidly returned to the ER. We conclude that lysosomes rapidly, reversibly and selectively accumulate the Ca2+ released by IP3 receptors residing within distinct Ca2+ stores, but not the Ca2+ entering cells via receptor-regulated, store-operated Ca2+ entry pathways.

  20. Growth, spectroscopic properties and laser output of Er : Ca 4YO(BO 3) 3 and Er : Yb : Ca 4YO(BO 3) 3 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Huaijin; Meng, Xianlin; Wang, Changqing; Wang, Pu; Zhu, Li; Liu, Xuesong; Dong, Chunming; Yang, Yuyong; Cheng, Ruiping; Dawes, Judith; Piper, Jim; Zhang, Shaojun; Sun, Lianke

    2000-09-01

    In this paper, Er : Ca 4YO(BO 3) 3 (Er : YCOB) and Er : Yb : Ca 4YO(BO 3) 3 (Er : Yb : YCOB) crystals with large size and excellent quality have been grown by the Czochralski method. The absorption and emission spectra of Er : YCOB and Er : Yb : YCOB crystals have been measured; the emission spectrum of Er : Yb : YCOB crystal shows that the strongest emission peak is located at 1537 nm. An output power of about 2 mW at the wavelength of 1553 nm has been obtained under the pumping power of a fiber-coupled laser diode (LD) of 1600 mW at 976 nm, using a Y direction cut 2.5 mm thick Er : Yb : YCOB crystal sample.

  1. Preoperative easily misdiagnosed telangiectatic osteosarcoma: clinical-radiologic-pathologic correlations.

    PubMed

    Gao, Zhen-Hua; Yin, Jun-Qiang; Liu, Da-Wei; Meng, Quan-Fei; Li, Jia-Ping

    2013-12-11

    To describe the clinical, imaging, and pathologic characteristics and diagnostic methods of telangiectatic osteosarcoma (TOS) for improving the diagnostic level. The authors retrospectively reviewed patient demographics, serum alkaline phosphatase (AKP) levels, preoperative biopsy pathologic reports, pathologic materials, imaging findings, and treatment outcomes from 26 patients with TOS. Patient images from radiography (26 cases) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (22 cases) were evaluated by 3 authors in consensus for intrinsic characteristics. There were 15 male and 11 female patients in the study, with an age of 9-32 years (mean age 15.9 years). Eighteen of 26 patients died of lung metastases within 5 years of follow-up. The distal femur was affected more commonly (14 cases, 53.8%). Regarding serum AKP, normal (8 cases) or mildly elevated (18 cases) levels were found before preoperative chemotherapy. Radiographs showed geographic bone lysis without sclerotic margin (26 cases), cortical destruction (26 cases), periosteal new bone formation (24 cases), soft-tissue mass (23 cases), and matrix mineralization (4 cases). The aggressive radiographic features of TOS simulated the appearance of conventional high-grade intramedullary osteosarcoma, though different from aneurysmal bone cyst. MR images demonstrated multiple big (16 cases) or small (6 cases) cystic spaces, fluid-fluid levels (14 cases), soft-tissue mass (22 cases), and thick peripheral and septal enhancement (22 cases). Nine of 26 cases were misdiagnosed as aneurysmal bone cysts by preoperative core-needle biopsy, owing to the absence of viable high-grade sarcomatous cells in the small tissue samples. The aggressive growth pattern with occasional matrix mineralization, and multiple big or small fluid-filled cavities with thick peripheral, septal, and nodular tissue surrounding the fluid-filled cavities are characteristic imaging features of TOS, and these features are helpful in making the correct

  2. Preoperative easily misdiagnosed telangiectatic osteosarcoma: clinical–radiologic–pathologic correlations

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Zhen-Hua; Yin, Jun-Qiang; Liu, Da-Wei; Meng, Quan-Fei

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Purpose: To describe the clinical, imaging, and pathologic characteristics and diagnostic methods of telangiectatic osteosarcoma (TOS) for improving the diagnostic level. Materials and methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed patient demographics, serum alkaline phosphatase (AKP) levels, preoperative biopsy pathologic reports, pathologic materials, imaging findings, and treatment outcomes from 26 patients with TOS. Patient images from radiography (26 cases) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (22 cases) were evaluated by 3 authors in consensus for intrinsic characteristics. There were 15 male and 11 female patients in the study, with an age of 9–32 years (mean age 15.9 years). Results: Eighteen of 26 patients died of lung metastases within 5 years of follow-up. The distal femur was affected more commonly (14 cases, 53.8%). Regarding serum AKP, normal (8 cases) or mildly elevated (18 cases) levels were found before preoperative chemotherapy. Radiographs showed geographic bone lysis without sclerotic margin (26 cases), cortical destruction (26 cases), periosteal new bone formation (24 cases), soft-tissue mass (23 cases), and matrix mineralization (4 cases). The aggressive radiographic features of TOS simulated the appearance of conventional high-grade intramedullary osteosarcoma, though different from aneurysmal bone cyst. MR images demonstrated multiple big (16 cases) or small (6 cases) cystic spaces, fluid-fluid levels (14 cases), soft-tissue mass (22 cases), and thick peripheral and septal enhancement (22 cases). Nine of 26 cases were misdiagnosed as aneurysmal bone cysts by preoperative core-needle biopsy, owing to the absence of viable high-grade sarcomatous cells in the small tissue samples. Conclusion: The aggressive growth pattern with occasional matrix mineralization, and multiple big or small fluid-filled cavities with thick peripheral, septal, and nodular tissue surrounding the fluid-filled cavities are characteristic imaging features of

  3. Preoperative HE4 and ROMA values do not improve the CA125 diagnostic value for borderline tumors of the ovary (BOT) - a study of the TOC Consortium.

    PubMed

    Braicu, Elena Ioana; Van Gorp, Toon; Nassir, Mani; Richter, Rolf; Chekerov, Radoslav; Gasimli, Khayal; Timmerman, Dirk; Vergote, Ignace; Sehouli, Jalid

    2014-01-01

    Borderline tumors of the ovary (BOT) are a distinct entity of ovarian tumors, characterized by lack of stromal invasion. Recent studies postulated that the presence of invasive implants, incomplete staging, fertility sparing surgery and residual tumor after surgery are major prognostic factors for BOT. There are no biomarkers that can predict BOT or the presence of invasive implants. The aim of our study was to assess the value of CA125 and HE4 alone, or within ROMA score for detecting BOT, and for predicting the presence of invasive implants. Retrospective, monocentric study on 167 women diagnosed with BOT or benign ovarian masses. Serum HE4, CA125 levels and ROMA were assessed preoperatively. Due to low number of BOT with invasive implants, we performed an unmatched analysis (consecutive patients) and a matched analysis (according to age and histology) to compare BOT with invasive implants, BOT without invasive implants and benign disease. There were no significant differences in the HE4 and CA125 expressions in the three groups of patients (p = 0.984 and p = 0.141, respectively). The ROC analysis showed that CA125 alone is superior to ROMA and HE4 in discriminating patients with BOT with invasive implants from patients with benign diseases and BOT without invasive implants. A newly established score, ROMABOT, did not perform better than ROMA. The analysis of the matched groups revealed similar results as the analysis of all samples. Both HE4 and CA125 are not reliable biomarkers for the diagnosis of BOT or for predicting the presence of invasive implants.

  4. Prognostic role of tumor PIK3CA mutation in colorectal cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Mei, Z B; Duan, C Y; Li, C B; Cui, L; Ogino, S

    2016-10-01

    Somatic mutations in the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase/AKT pathway play a vital role in carcinogenesis. Approximately 15%-20% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) harbor activating mutations in PIK3CA, making it one of the most frequently mutated genes in CRC. We thus carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the prognostic significance of PIK3CA mutations in CRC. Electronic databases were searched from inception through May 2015. We extracted the study characteristics and prognostic data of each eligible study. The hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were derived and pooled using the random-effects Mantel-Haenszel model. Twenty-eight studies enrolling 12 747 patients were eligible for inclusion. Data on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were available from 19 and 10 studies, respectively. Comparing PIK3CA-mutated CRC patients with PIK3CA-wild-type CRC patients, the summary HRs for OS and PFS were 0.96 (95% CI 0.83-1.12) and 1.20 (95% CI 0.98-1.46), respectively. The trim-and-fill, Copas model and subgroup analyses stratified by the study characteristics confirmed the robustness of the results. Five studies reported the CRC prognosis for PIK3CA mutations in exons 9 and 20 separately; neither exon 9 mutation nor exon 20 mutation in PIK3CA was significantly associated with patient survival. Our findings suggest that PIK3CA mutation has the neutral prognostic effects on CRC OS and PFS. Evidence was accumulating for the establishment of CRC survival between PIK3CA mutations and patient-specific clinical or molecular profiles. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. MT6415CA: a 640×512-15µm CTIA ROIC for SWIR InGaAs detector arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eminoglu, Selim; Isikhan, Murat; Bayhan, Nusret; Gulden, M. Ali; Incedere, O. Samet; Soyer, S. Tuncer; Kocak, Serhat; Yilmaz, Gokhan S.; Akin, Tayfun

    2013-06-01

    This paper reports the development of a new low-noise CTIA ROIC (MT6415CA) suitable for SWIR InGaAs detector arrays for low-light imaging applications. MT6415CA is the second product in the MT6400 series ROICs from Mikro-Tasarim Ltd., which is a fabless IC design house specialized in the development of monolithic imaging sensors and ROICs for hybrid imaging sensors. MT6415CA is a low-noise snapshot CTIA ROIC, has a format of 640 × 512 and pixel pitch of 15 µm, and has been developed with the system-on-chip architecture in mind, where all the timing and biasing for this ROIC are generated on-chip without requiring any external inputs. MT6415CA is a highly configurable ROIC, where many of its features can be programmed through a 3-wire serial interface allowing on-the-fly configuration of many ROIC features. It performs snapshot operation both using Integrate-Then-Read (ITR) and Integrate-While-Read (IWR) modes. The CTIA type pixel input circuitry has three gain modes with programmable full-well-capacity (FWC) values of 10.000 e-, 20.000 e-, and 350.000 e- in the very high gain (VHG), high-gain (HG), and low-gain (LG) modes, respectively. MT6415CA has an input referred noise level of less than 5 e- in the very high gain (VHG) mode, suitable for very low-noise SWIR imaging applications. MT6415CA has 8 analog video outputs that can be programmed in 8, 4, or 2-output modes with a selectable analog reference for pseudo-differential operation. The ROIC runs at 10 MHz and supports frame rate values up to 200 fps in the 8-output mode. The integration time can be programmed up to 1s in steps of 0.1 µs. The ROIC uses 3.3 V and 1.8V supply voltages and dissipates less than 150 mW in the 4-output mode. MT6415CA is fabricated using a modern mixed-signal CMOS process on 200 mm CMOS wafers, and tested parts are available at wafer or die levels with test reports and wafer maps. A compact USB 3.0 camera and imaging software have been developed to demonstrate the imaging

  6. RESOLVING THE PLANET-HOSTING INNER REGIONS OF THE LkCa 15 DISK

    SciTech Connect

    Thalmann, C.; Garufi, A.; Quanz, S. P.

    2016-09-10

    LkCa 15 hosts a pre-transitional disk as well as at least one accreting protoplanet orbiting in its gap. Previous disk observations have focused mainly on the outer disk, which is cleared inward of ∼50 au. The planet candidates, on the other hand, reside at orbital radii around 15 au, where disk observations have been unreliable until recently. Here, we present new J -band imaging polarimetry of LkCa 15 with SPHERE IRDIS, yielding the most accurate and detailed scattered-light images of the disk to date down to the planet-hosting inner regions. We find what appear to be persistent asymmetric structures inmore » the scattering material at the location of the planet candidates, which could be responsible at least for parts of the signals measured with sparse-aperture masking. These images further allow us to trace the gap edge in scattered light at all position angles and search the inner and outer disks for morphological substructure. The outer disk appears smooth with slight azimuthal variations in polarized surface brightness, which may be due to shadowing from the inner disk or a two-peaked polarized phase function. We find that the near-side gap edge revealed by polarimetry matches the sharp crescent seen in previous ADI imaging very well. Finally, the ratio of polarized disk to stellar flux is more than six times larger in the J -band than in the RI bands.« less

  7. Charge transport and magnetization profile at the interface between the correlated metal CaRuO3 and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3

    SciTech Connect

    Freeland, J. W.; Chakhalian, J.; Boris, A. V.

    2010-01-01

    A combination of spectroscopic probes was used to develop a detailed experimental description of the transport and magnetic properties of superlattices composed of the paramagnetic metal CaRuO3 and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3. The charge carrier density and Ru valence state in the superlattices are not significantly different from those of bulk CaRuO3. The small charge transfer across the interface implied by these observations confirms predictions derived from density functional calculations. However, a ferromagnetic polarization due to canted Mn spins penetrates 3-4 unit cells into CaMnO3, far exceeding the corresponding predictions. The discrepancy may indicate the formation of magnetic polarons atmore » the interface.« less

  8. The stability of Cl-CO3-scapolite relative to plagioclase + CaCO3 + CaSO4 in the presence of NaCl brines as a function of P-T-XNaCl

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harlov, D. E.; Budzyn, B.

    2008-12-01

    Cl-CO3-scapolite [(Na,Ca)4[Al3 (Al,Si) 3 Si3 O24](Cl, CO3 , SO4 )] occurs as a common partial to total alteration of plagioclase in deep-crustal xenoliths, skarns, marbles, gabbros, metabasites, calc-silicate gneisses, as well as in quartzofeldspathic granulite-facies rocks in general (Moecher and Essene, 1990, J Petrol 31, 997). Alteration of plagioclase to Cl-CO3-scapolite is presumed due to metasomatism by CO2-NaCl-H2O fluids (Satish-Kumar and Santosh, 1998, Geol Mag 135, 27). Previous experimental work on CO3-scapolite has focused on reversing the equilibrium 3 CaAl2 Si2 O8 + CaCO3 = Ca4 Al6 Si6 O24 CO3 in either pure CO2 (Goldschmidt and Newton, 1977, Am Mineral 62, 1063) or in CO2-H2O (Huckenholz and Seiberl, 1989 Abs IGC 28, 2.79). These experiments have determined that the anorthite- calcite-scapolite equilibrium is nearly pressure-invariant in P-T space (200 to 1500 MPa) occurring at approximately 790 to 820 °C (Huckenholz and Seiberl, 1989). In this study, a series of experiments, involving the equilibrium 3 Plagioclase(An60) + 0.5 CaCO3 + 0.5 CaSO4 = [(Na,Ca)4[Al3 (Al,Si)3 Si3 O24](Cl, CO3, SO4 )] plus an NaCl brine (10/90, 20/80, 30/70, and 50/50 molar NaCl/H2O) have been done at 500, 1000, and 1500 MPa and 600 to 900 °C. Natural plagioclase and scapolite, along with synthetic calcite and anhydrite, were lightly ground together in equi-molar amounts in ethanol. The mineral mix (10 mg) + NaCl brine (5 mg), or pure H2O (1.5 mg), were loaded into 3 mm diameter/1.3 mm long Pt capsules which were arc-welded shut, folded, and placed horizontally in a CaF2 setup (with graphite oven), such that the thermocouple tip touched the Pt capsule, or placed in a hydrothermal autoclave (600 and 700 °C; 500 MPa) with an internal thermocouple. A series of duplicate experiments for the same mineral mix, at the same P-T conditions, were done utilizing pure H2O as the flux. The H2O-only experiments duplicated the P-T reversals of Huckenholz and Seiberl (1989). In contrast

  9. KRAS Mutation Status and Clinical Outcome of Preoperative Chemoradiation With Cetuximab in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer: A Pooled Analysis of 2 Phase II Trials

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Sun Young; Shim, Eun Kyung; Yeo, Hyun Yang

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Cetuximab-containing chemotherapy is known to be effective for KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer; however, it is not clear whether cetuximab-based preoperative chemoradiation confers an additional benefit compared with chemoradiation without cetuximab in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Methods and Materials: We analyzed EGFR, KRAS, BRAF, and PIK3CA mutation status with direct sequencing and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression status with immunohistochemistry in tumor samples of 82 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who were enrolled in the IRIX trial (preoperative chemoradiation with irinotecan and capecitabine; n=44) or the ERBIRIX trial (preoperativemore » chemoradiation with irinotecan and capecitabine plus cetuximab; n=38). Both trials were similarly designed except for the administration of cetuximab; radiation therapy was administered at a dose of 50.4 Gy/28 fractions and irinotecan and capecitabine were given at doses of 40 mg/m{sup 2} weekly and 1650 mg/m{sup 2}/day, respectively, for 5 days per week. In the ERBIRIX trial, cetuximab was additionally given with a loading dose of 400 mg/m{sup 2} on 1 week before radiation, and 250 mg/m{sup 2} weekly thereafter. Results: Baseline characteristics before chemoradiation were similar between the 2 trial cohorts. A KRAS mutation in codon 12, 13, and 61 was noted in 15 (34%) patients in the IRIX cohort and 5 (13%) in the ERBIRIX cohort (P=.028). Among 62 KRAS wild-type cancer patients, major pathologic response rate, disease-free survival and pathologic stage did not differ significantly between the 2 cohorts. No mutations were detected in BRAF exon 11 and 15, PIK3CA exon 9 and 20, or EGFR exon 18-24 in any of the 82 patients, and PTEN and EGFR expression were not predictive of clinical outcome. Conclusions: In patients with KRAS wild-type locally advanced rectal cancer, the addition of cetuximab to the

  10. 3. SOUTH TEST STAND WITH X15 IN PLACE. A color ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. SOUTH TEST STAND WITH X-15 IN PLACE. A color photograph taken from a lift boom or from atop a truck, looking northwest to NASA hangars in the far distance. Also shows the shop building at left, and two observation bunkers with hatches open; one at right (Bldg. 1933) and the other in front of Liquid Oxygen tank truck at left (Bldg. 1934). - Edwards Air Force Base, X-15 Engine Test Complex, Rogers Dry Lake, east of runway between North Base & South Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  11. Preoperative carbohydrate load and intraoperatively infused omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids positively impact nosocomial morbidity after coronary artery bypass grafting: a double-blind controlled randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Feguri, Gibran Roder; de Lima, Paulo Ruiz Lúcio; de Cerqueira Borges, Danilo; Toledo, Laura Ramos; Batista, Larissa Nadaf; E Silva, Thaís Carvalho; Segri, Neuber José; de Aguilar-Nascimento, José Eduardo

    2017-04-20

    A strategy of limited preoperative fasting, with carbohydrate (CHO) loading and intraoperative infusion of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA), has seldom been tried in cardiovascular surgery. Brief fasting, followed by CHO intake 2 h before anesthesia, may improve recovery from CABG procedures and lower perioperative vasoactive drug requirements. Infusion of ω-3 PUFA may reduce occurrences of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and shorten hospital stays. The aim of this study was to assess morbidity (especially POAF) in ICU patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)/cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in combination, if preoperative fasts are curtailed in favor of CHO loading, and ω-3 PUFA are infused intraoperatively. Fifty-seven patients undergoing CABG were randomly assigned to receive 12.5% maltodextrin (200 ml, 2 h before anesthesia), without infusing ω-3 PUFA (CHO, n = 14); water (200 ml, 2 h before anesthesia), without infusing ω-3 PUFA (controls, n = 14); 12.5% maltodextrin (200 ml, 2 h before anesthesia) plus intraoperative ω-3 PUFA (0.2 mcg/kg) (CHO + W3, n = 15); or water (200 ml, 2 h before anesthesia) plus intraoperative ω-3 PUFA (0.2 mcg/kg) (W3, n = 14). Perioperative clinical variables and mortality were analyzed, examining the incidence of POAF, as well as the need for inotropic vasoactive drugs during surgery and in ICU. Two deaths occurred (3.5%), but there were no instances of bronchoaspiration and mediastinitis. Neither ICU stays nor total postoperative stays differed by group (P > 0.05). Patients given preoperative CHO loads (CHO and CHO + W3 groups) experienced fewer instances of hospital infection (RR = 0.29, 95%CI 0.09-0.94; P = 0.023) and were less reliant on vasoactive amines during surgery (RR = 0.60, 95% CI 0.38-0.94; P = 0.020). Similarly, the number of patients requiring vasoactive drugs while recovering in ICU differed significantly by group (P = 0

  12. Infrared spectroscopic study of CaFe0.7Co0.3O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, C. X.; Xia, H. L.; Dai, Y. M.; Qiu, Z. Y.; Sui, Q. T.; Long, Y. W.; Qiu, X. G.

    2017-08-01

    Temperature-dependent infrared spectroscopy has been investigated for CaFe0.7Co0.3O3 which undergoes a ferromagnetic transition at TC≈177 K . It is observed that the spectral weight is transferred from ˜4800 -14 000 cm-1 to ˜0 -4800 cm-1 as the temperature is lowered around TC. Such a large-range spectral weight transfer is attributed to the Hund's interaction. The phonons in CaFe0.7Co0.3O3 show minor asymmetric line shapes, implying relatively weak electron-phonon coupling compared with the parent compound CaFeO3. The optical conductivity also reveals a broad peak structure in the range of ˜700 -1500 cm-1. Fit by the model of single-polaron absorption, the broad peak is interpreted by the excitation of polarons. From the fitting parameters of the polaron peak, we estimate the electron-phonon coupling constant α ˜ 0.4 -0.5 , implying that CaFe0.7Co0.3O3 falls into the weak-coupling regime.

  13. Site-selective laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 biocompatible eutectic glass-ceramics.

    PubMed

    Sola, D; Balda, R; Peña, J I; Fernández, J

    2012-05-07

    In this work we report the influence of the crystallization stage of the host matrix on the spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ ions in biocompatible glass-ceramic eutectic rods of composition 0.8CaSiO3-0.2Ca3(PO4)2 doped with 1 and 2 wt% of Nd2O3. The samples were obtained by the laser floating zone technique at different growth rates between 50 and 500 mm/h. The microstructural analysis shows that a growth rate increase or a rod diameter decrease leads the system to a structural arrangement from three (two crystalline and one amorphous) to two phases (one crystalline and one amorphous). Electron backscattering diffraction analysis shows the presence of Ca2SiO4 and apatite-like crystalline phases. Site-selective laser spectroscopy in the (4)I(9/2)→(4)F(3/2)/(4)F(5/2) transitions confirms that Nd(3+) ions are incorporated in crystalline and amorphous phases in these glass-ceramic samples. In particular, the presence of Ca(2)SiO(4) crystalline phase in the samples grown at low rates, which has an excellent in vitro bioactivity, can be unambiguously identified from the excitation spectra and lifetime measurements of the (4)F(3/2) state of Nd(3+) ions.

  14. Serum tumor markers in breast cancer: are they of clinical value?

    PubMed

    Duffy, Michael J

    2006-03-01

    Although multiple serum-based tumor markers have been described for breast cancer, such as CA 15-3, BR 27.29 (CA27.29), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), tissue polypeptide antigen, tissue polypeptide specific antigen, and HER-2 (the extracellular domain), the most widely used are CA 15-3 and CEA. The literature relevant to serum tumor markers in breast cancer was reviewed. Particular attention was given to systematic reviews, prospective randomized trials, and guidelines issued by expert panels. Because of a lack of sensitivity for early disease and lack of specificity, none of the available markers is of value for the detection of early breast cancer. High preoperative concentrations of CA 15-3 are, however, associated with adverse patient outcome. Although serial determinations of tumor markers after primary treatment for breast cancer can preclinically detect recurrent/metastatic disease with lead times of approximately 2-9 months, the clinical value of this lead time remains to be determined. Serum markers, however, are the only validated approach for monitoring treatment in patients with advanced disease that cannot be evaluated by use of conventional criteria. CA 15-3 is one of the first circulating prognostic factors for breast cancer. Preoperative concentrations thus might be combined with existing prognostic factors for predicting outcome in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. At present, the most important clinical application of CA 15-3 is in monitoring therapy in patients with advanced breast cancer that is not assessable by existing clinical or radiologic procedures.

  15. Preoperative cryotherapy use in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Koyonos, Loukas; Owsley, Kevin; Vollmer, Emily; Limpisvasti, Orr; Gambardella, Ralph

    2014-12-01

    Unrelieved postoperative pain may impair rehabilitation, compromise functional outcomes, and lead to patient dissatisfaction. Preemptive multimodal analgesic techniques may improve outcomes after surgery. We hypothesized that patients using preoperative cryotherapy plus a standardized postoperative treatment plan will have lower pain scores and require less pain medication compared with patients receiving a standardized postoperative treatment plan alone after arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). A total of 53 consecutive patients undergoing arthroscopically assisted ACLR performed by one of seven surgeons were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 received no preoperative cryotherapy and group 2 received 30 to 90 minutes of preoperative cryotherapy to the operative leg using a commercial noncompressive cryotherapy unit. Visual analog scale pain scores and narcotic use were recorded for the first 4 days postoperatively. Total hours of cold therapy and continuous passive motion (CPM) use and highest degree of flexion achieved were recorded as well. Group 1 consisted of 26 patients (15 allograft Achilles tendon and 11 autograft bone patellar tendon bone [BPTB]), and group 2 consisted of 27 patients (16 allograft Achilles tendon and 11 autograft BPTB). Group 2 patients reported less pain (average 1.3 units, p < 0.02) and used less narcotic use (average 1.7 tablets, p < 0.02) for the first 36 hours compared with group 1. No statistically significant differences were identified between the two groups with regard to demographics, hours of postoperative cryotherapy, hours of CPM use, or maximum knee flexion achieved. Complications did not occur in either group. This is the first report we are aware of showing the postoperative effects of preoperative cryotherapy. Our results support the safety and efficacy of preoperative cryotherapy in a multimodal pain regimen for patients undergoing ACL reconstruction. Thieme

  16. PIK3CA gene mutations in Northwest Chinese esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Shi-Yuan; Chen, Wei; Chughtai, Ehtesham Annait; Qiao, Zhe; Jiang, Jian-Tao; Li, Shao-Min; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Jin

    2017-01-01

    AIM To evaluate PIK3CA gene mutational status in Northwest Chinese esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients, and examine the associations of PIK3CA gene mutations with clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcome. METHODS A total of 210 patients with ESCC who underwent curative resection were enrolled in this study. Pyrosequencing was applied to investigate mutations in exons 9 and 20 of PIK3CA gene in 210 Northwest Chinese ESCCs. The associations of PIK3CA gene mutations with clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcome were examined. RESULTS PIK3CA gene mutations in exon 9 were detected in 48 cases (22.9%) of a non-biased database of 210 curatively resected Northwest Chinese ESCCs. PIK3CA gene mutations were not associated with sex, tobacco use, alcohol use, tumor location, stage, or local recurrence. When compared with wild-type PIK3CA gene cases, patients with PIK3CA gene mutations in exons 9 experienced significantly better disease-free survival and overall survival rates. CONCLUSION The results of this study suggest that PIK3CA gene mutations could act as a prognostic biomarker in Northwest Chinese ESCC patients. PMID:28465643

  17. Preoperative Red Cell Distribution Width and 30-day mortality in older patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery: a retrospective cohort observational study.

    PubMed

    Abdullah, H R; Sim, Y E; Sim, Y T; Ang, A L; Chan, Y H; Richards, T; Ong, B C

    2018-04-18

    Increased red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with poorer outcomes in various patient populations. We investigated the association between preoperative RDW and anaemia on 30-day postoperative mortality among elderly patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Medical records of 24,579 patients aged 65 and older who underwent surgery under anaesthesia between 1 January 2012 and 31 October 2016 were retrospectively analysed. Patients who died within 30 days had higher median RDW (15.0%) than those who were alive (13.4%). Based on multivariate logistic regression, in our cohort of elderly patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery, moderate/severe preoperative anaemia (aOR 1.61, p = 0.04) and high preoperative RDW levels in the 3rd quartile (>13.4% and ≤14.3%) and 4th quartile (>14.3%) were significantly associated with increased odds of 30-day mortality - (aOR 2.12, p = 0.02) and (aOR 2.85, p = 0.001) respectively, after adjusting for the effects of transfusion, surgical severity, priority of surgery, and comorbidities. Patients with high RDW, defined as >15.7% (90th centile), and preoperative anaemia have higher odds of 30-day mortality compared to patients with anaemia and normal RDW. Thus, preoperative RDW independently increases risk of 30-day postoperative mortality, and future risk stratification strategies should include RDW as a factor.

  18. Accuracy of pre-operative hysteroscopic guided biopsy for predicting final pathology in uterine malignancies.

    PubMed

    Martinelli, Fabio; Ditto, Antonino; Bogani, Giorgio; Signorelli, Mauro; Chiappa, Valentina; Lorusso, Domenica; Haeusler, Edward; Raspagliesi, Francesco

    2017-07-01

    To evaluate concordance (C) between pre-operative hysteroscopic-directed sampling and final pathology in uterine cancers. A retrospective cross-sectional evaluation of prospectively collected data of women who underwent hysterectomy for uterine malignancies and a previous hysteroscopic-guided biopsy was performed. Diagnostic concordance between pre-operative (hysteroscopic biopsy) and postoperative (uterine specimen) histology was evaluated. In endometrioid-endometrial cancers cases Kappa (k) statistics was applied to evaluate agreement for grading (G) between the preoperative and final pathology. A total 101 hysterectomies for uterine malignancies were evaluated. There were 23 non-endometrioid cancers: 7 serous (C:5/7, 71.4%); 10 carcinosarcomas (C:7/10, 70%, remaining 3 cases only epithelial component diagnosed); 3 clear cell (C:3/3, 100%); 3 sarcomas (C:3/3, 100%). In 78 cases an endometrioid endometrial cancer was found. In 63 cases there was a histological C (63/78, 80.8%) between hysteroscopic-guided biopsy and final pathology, while in 15 cases (19.2%) only hyperplasia (with/without atypia) was found preoperatively. Overall accuracy to detect endometrial cancer was 80.2%. In 50 out of 63 endometrial cancers (79.4%) grading was concordant. The overall level of agreement between preoperative and postoperative grading was "substantial" according to Kappa (k) statistics (k 0.64; 95% CI: 0.449-0.83; p < 0.001), as well as for G1 (0.679; 95% CI: 0.432-0.926; p < 0.001) and G3 (0.774; 94% CI: 0.534-1; p < 0.001), while for G2 (0.531; 95% CI: 0.286-0.777; p < 0.001) it was moderate. In our series we found an 80% C between pre-operative hysteroscopic-guided biopsy and final pathology, in uterine malignancies. Moreover, hysteroscopic biopsy accurately predicted endometrial cancer in 80% of cases and "substantially" predicted histological grading. Hysteroscopic-guided uterine sampling could be a useful tool to tailor treatment in patients with uterine

  19. NP-59 test for preoperative localization of primary hyperaldosteronism.

    PubMed

    Di Martino, Marcello; García Sanz, Iñigo; Muñoz de Nova, Jose Luis; Marín Campos, Cristina; Martínez Martín, Miguel; Domínguez Gadea, Luis

    2017-03-01

    Adrenal venous sampling is generally considered the gold standard to identify unilateral hormone production in cases of primary hyperaldosteronism. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the iodine-131-6-β-iodomethyl-19-norcholesterol (NP-59) test may represent an alternative in selected cases. Patients submitted to laparoscopic adrenalectomy for suspected primary hyperaldosteronism (n = 27) were retrospectively reviewed. When nuclear medicine tests were preoperatively performed, their results were compared with the histopathologic findings and clinical improvement. Nuclear medicine tests were realized in 13 patients. In 11 (84.6%), a planar anterior and posterior NP-59 scintigraphy was performed and a SPECT/TC in two (15.4%). Scintigraphy indicated a preoperative lateralization in 12 out of 13 patients (92.3%). When the value of NP-59 tests was based on pathologic results, it showed a sensitivity of 90.9% and a positive predictive value of 83.3%. When the nuclear medicine test's performance was based on postoperative blood pressure control, both sensitivity and positive predictive value were 91.6%. Nuclear medicine tests represent a useful tool in the preoperative localisation of primary hyperaldosteronism with a high sensitivity and positive predictive value. In patients with contraindications to adrenal venous sampling like contrast allergies, or when it is inconclusive, scintigraphy can represent a useful and non-invasive alternative.

  20. Reactivation of Rate Remapping in CA3.

    PubMed

    Schwindel, C Daniela; Navratilova, Zaneta; Ali, Karim; Tatsuno, Masami; McNaughton, Bruce L

    2016-09-07

    The hippocampus is thought to contribute to episodic memory by creating, storing, and reactivating patterns that are unique to each experience, including different experiences that happen at the same location. Hippocampus can combine spatial and contextual/episodic information using a dual coding scheme known as "global" and "rate" remapping. Global remapping selects which set of neurons can activate at a given location. Rate remapping readjusts the firing rates of this set depending on current experience, thus expressing experience-unique patterns at each location. But can the experience-unique component be retrieved spontaneously? Whereas reactivation of recent, spatially selective patterns in hippocampus is well established, it is never perfect, raising the issue of whether the experiential component might be absent. This question is key to the hypothesis that hippocampus can assist memory consolidation by reactivating and broadcasting experience-specific "index codes" to neocortex. In CA3, global remapping exhibits attractor-like dynamics, whereas rate remapping apparently does not, leading to the hypothesis that only the former can be retrieved associatively and casting doubt on the general consolidation hypothesis. Therefore, we studied whether the rate component is reactivated spontaneously during sleep. We conducted neural ensemble recordings from CA3 while rats ran on a circular track in different directions (in different sessions) and while they slept. It was shown previously that the two directions of running result in strong rate remapping. During sleep, the most recent rate distribution was reactivated preferentially. Therefore, CA3 can retrieve patterns spontaneously that are unique to both the location and the content of recent experience. The hippocampus is required for memory of events and their spatial contexts. The primary correlate of hippocampal activity is location in space, but multiple memories can occur in the same location. To be useful

  1. The prognostic significance of preoperative serum albumin in urothelial carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Jing; Wang, Fang; Li, Shaohong; Huang, Wenhui; Jia, Yanjuan; Wei, Chaojun

    2018-04-23

    Preoperative serum albumin has been considered to be closely correlated with the prognosis of various cancers, including urothelial carcinoma (UC). However, to date,this conclusion remains controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis is to investigate the prognostic significance of preoperative serum albumin in UC. A literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library up to July 04, 2017. Herein, a total of 15,506 patients from 23 studies were enrolled in our meta-analysis. Decreased preoperative serum albumin level predicted poor overall survival (HR = 1.88, 95% CI 1.44-2.45, P<0.0001), cancer specific survival (HR = 2.03, 95% CI 1.42-2.90, P=0.0001), recurrence free survival (HR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.15-2.97, P=0.01), 30-day complications after surgery (OR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.16-3.20, P=0.01), and 90-day mortality after surgery (OR= 4.24, 95% CI 2.20-8.16, P<0.001). The subgroup analyses indicated that low preoperative serum albumin level is still positively associated with a worse prognosis of UC based on ethnicity, cut-off value, tumor type,analysestype and sample size. Our meta-analysis indicated that reduced preoperative serum albumin level was a predictor of poor prognosis of UC. ©2018 The Author(s).

  2. Orbital configuration in CaTiO 3 films on NdGaO 3

    DOE PAGES

    Cao, Yanwei; Park, Se Young; Liu, Xiaoran; ...

    2016-10-13

    Despite its use as a constituent layer for realization of a polar metal and interfacial conductivity, the microscopic study of electronic structure of CaTiO 3 is still very limited. Here, we epitaxially stabilized CaTiO 3 films on NdGaO 3 (110) substrates in a layer-by-layer way by pulsed laser deposition. The structural and electronic properties of the films were characterized by reflection-high-energy-electron-diffraction, X-ray diffraction, and element-specific resonant X-ray absorption spectroscopy. To reveal the orbital polarization and the crystal field splitting of the titanium 3d state, X-ray linear dichroism was carried out on CaTiO 3 films, demonstrating the orbital configuration of dmore » xz/d yz < d xy < d 3z2-r2 < d x2-y2. To further explore the origin of this configuration, we performed the first-principles density function theory calculations, which linked the orbital occupation to the on-site energy of Ti 3d orbitals. Finally, these findings can be important for understanding and designing exotic quantum states in heterostructures based on CaTiO 3.« less

  3. The 15th Internatonal Conference Quality in Resarch (Qir) 2017 Preparation and Ionic Conductivity of Li3.9Ca0.1Ti5O12 Using Waste Chicken Eggshells as ca Source for Anode Material of Lithium-Ion Batteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Subhan, Achmad; Setiawan, Dedy; Ahmiatri Saptari, Sitti

    2018-03-01

    Li3.9Ca0.1Ti5O12 has been synthesized as anode material for lithium-ion batteries parallel with Li4Ti5O12 anode material using solid state reaction method in an air atmosphere. LiOH.H2O, TiO2, and waste chicken eggshells in the form of CaCO3 were chosen as sources of Li, Ti, and Ca respectively and prepared using stoichiometric. The phase structure, morphology, and electrochemical impedance of as-prepared samples were characterized using XRD, SEM, and EIS. The XRD characterization revealed that in Li3.9Ca0.1Ti5O12 sample, all amount of dopant had entered the lattice structure of Li4Ti5O12. The EDX image also detect the existence of Ca in the structure of Li3.9Ca0.1Ti5O12. The EIS characterization revealed that the Li3.9Ca0.1Ti5O12 sample had lower electrochemical impedance compared to the Li4Ti5O12 sample. The diffusion coefficient were obtained by Faraday’s method, and exhibited that the Li3.9Ca0.1Ti5O12 sample (1.46986 × 10-12 cm2/s) had higher ionic conductivity than the Li4Ti5O12 sample (4.40995 × 10-16 cm2/s). According to the cycle performance test, the Li3.9Ca0.1Ti5O12 sample also had higher charge-discharge capacity and stability compared to the Li4Ti5O12 sample.

  4. Effect of replacement of Ca by Zn on the structure and optical property of CaTiO3:Eu(3+) red phosphor prepared by sol-gel method.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yulong; Zhang, Wentao; Zhang, Peicong; Li, Junfeng; Long, Jianping

    2015-08-01

    Eu(3+)-doped calcium titanate red phosphors, Ca(1-x)Znx TiO3:Eu(3+), were prepared by the sol-gel method. The structure of prepared Ca(1-x)Znx TiO3:Eu(3+) phosphors were investigated by X-ray diffraction and infrared spectra. Due to the (5) D0  → (7) F1-3 electron transitions of Eu(3+) ions, photoluminescence spectra showed a red emission at about 619 nm under excitation of 397 nm and 465 nm, respectively. When zinc was added to the host, the luminescent intensity of Ca(1-x)ZnxTiO3:Eu(3+) was markedly improved several fold compared with that of CaTiO3:Eu(3+). Ca0.9Zn0.1TiO3:Eu(3+) also had higher luminescence intensity than the commercially available Y2 O3:Eu(3+) phosphors under UV light excitation. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  5. Improvement of colonic healing by preoperative oral partially hydrolyzed guar gum (Benefiber) in rats which underwent preoperative radiotherapy.

    PubMed

    Sevinc, Ali Ibrahim; Aydogan, Baki; Canda, Aras Emre; Cetinayak, Oguz; Terzi, Cem; Oktay, Gulgun; Gurel, Duygu; Fuzun, Mehmet

    2013-12-09

    Abstract Background: Neoadjuvant radiotherapy in rectal cancer could interfere with anastomotic healing. We investigated the effects of preoperative oral administration of Benefiber on the healing irradiated colonic anastomosis. Methods: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups. Group I (control group), Group II (Benefiber® pretreatment group), Group III (preoperative radiotherapy group) and Group IV (preoperative radiotherapy and Benefiber® pretreatment group). All animals underwent 1 cm left colon resection and primary anastomosis. On the 3rd and 7th postoperative days, all the rats were anesthetized to assess the anastomotic healing clinically, mechanically, histologically and biochemically. Results: The mean bursting pressure was significantly lower in-group III and significantly higher in-group II on day 7. The histologic parameters of anastomotic healing, such as epithelial regeneration and formation of granulation tissue, were significantly improved by use of preoperative Benefiber® on day 7. The amount of acid-soluble collagen concentrations significantly increased in-group IV compared to group III on day 3. The amount of salt-soluble collagen concentrations significantly increased in group II compared to group III on day 3. Conclusions: Colonic anastomotic healing can be adversely affected by preoperative radiotherapy, but orogastric feeding with Benefiber may improve the healing process.

  6. In vitro corrosion behavior and in vivo biodegradation of biomedical β-Ca3(PO4)2/Mg-Zn composites.

    PubMed

    Yu, Kun; Chen, Liangjian; Zhao, Jun; Li, Shaojun; Dai, Yilong; Huang, Qiao; Yu, Zhiming

    2012-07-01

    In this study 5, 10 and 15% β-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)/Mg-Zn composites were prepared through powder metallurgy methods, and their corrosion behavior and mechanical properties were studied in simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37°C. The 10% β-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)/Mg-Zn composite was selected for cytocompatibility assessment and in vivo biodegradation testing. The results identified the α-Mg, MgZn and β-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2) phases in these sintered composites. The density and elastic modulus of the β-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)/Mg-6% Zn composite match those of natural bone, and the strength is approximately double that of natural bone. The 10% β-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)/Mg-6% Zn composites exhibit good corrosion resistance, as determined by a 30 day immersion test and electrochemical measurements in SBF at 37°C. The 10% β-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)/Mg-6% Zn composite is safe for cellular applications, with a cytotoxicity grade of ∼0-1 against L929 cells in in vitro testing. The β-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)/Mg-6% Zn composite also exhibits good biocompatibility with the tissue and the important visceral organs the heart, kidney and liver of experimental rabbits. The composite has a suitable degradation rate and improves the concrescence of a pre-broken bone. The corrosion products, such as Mg(OH)(2) and Ca(5)(PO(4))(6)(OH)(2), can improve the biocompatibility of the β-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2)/Mg-Zn composite. Copyright © 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Er3+-Tm3+-Yb3+:CaMoO4 phosphor as an outstanding upconversion-based optical temperature sensor and optical heater.

    PubMed

    Dey, Riya; Kumar Rai, Vineet

    2017-03-22

    Optical temperature sensing in Er 3+ -Tm 3+ -Yb 3+ codoped CaMoO 4 phosphor prepared by chemical co-precipitation route based on the near infrared (NIR) to green upconversion emission from Er 3+ ion is reported. The variation with respect to external temperature in emission intensity ratio of the green emissions around 530 nm and 552 nm, corresponding to the 2 H 11/2  →  4 I 15/2 and 4 S 3/2  →  4 I 15/2 transitions respectively, under 980 nm excitation has been studied in detail, to report the sensing property of the prepared material; the maximum sensor sensitivity ∼0.0182 K -1 was attained at 413 K. The laser induced optical heating within the prepared phosphor has been explored and the heat generation caused by the laser effect has been verified by comparison of experimental and calculated data.

  8. Ca4As3 – a new binary calcium arsenide

    PubMed Central

    Hoffmann, Andrea V.; Hlukhyy, Viktor; Fässler, Thomas F.

    2015-01-01

    The crystal structure of the binary compound tetra­calcium triarsenide, Ca4As3, was investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Ca4As3 crystallizes in the Ba4P3 structure type and is thus a homologue of isotypic Sr4As3. The unit cell contains 32 Ca2+ cations, 16 As3− isolated anions and four centrosymmetric [As2]4– dumbbells. The As atoms in each of the dumbbells are connected by a single bond, thus this calcium arsenide is a Zintl phase. PMID:26870427

  9. Fabrication of Hybrid Capsules via CaCO3 Crystallization on Degradable Coacervate Droplets.

    PubMed

    Komatsu, Syuuhei; Ikedo, Yui; Asoh, Taka-Aki; Ishihara, Ryo; Kikuchi, Akihiko

    2018-04-03

    Organic-inorganic CaCO 3 capsules were prepared by crystallization of CaCO 3 on Pickering emulsion prepared using coacervate droplets made from thermoresponsive and degradable poly(2-methylene-1,3-dioxepane- co-2-hydroxyethyl acrylate) (poly(MDO- co-HEA)) in sole aqueous medium. The diameters of CaCO 3 -based Pickering emulsion could be controlled by varying several parameters: diameter of CaCO 3 powders, initial polymer concentration, and copolymer composition. The CaCO 3 Pickering emulsion was able to load low-molecular-weight hydrophobic substances at temperatures above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) due to formation of polymer-concentrated phases, i.e., coacervate droplets. The diameter of CaCO 3 capsules prepared by crystallization also depended on the diameter of the CaCO 3 Pickering emulsion. The CaCO 3 shell was composed of calcite-type crystals, the most stable polymorph among known CaCO 3 crystals. The facially prepared CaCO 3 capsules are valuable for use in functional biomaterials, such as drug delivery carriers and cell culture scaffolds for noninvasive bone-regenerative medicine.

  10. Calcium abundances in giant stars of the globular clusters M3, M13, M15, and M92

    SciTech Connect

    Suntzeff, N.B.

    The average calcium II H and K line strengths of giant stars in M3, M13, M15, and M92 are found to be closely correlated with the (Fe/H) of the cluster. Simple physical arguments are provided to show the observed average line strengths reproduce the difference in (Fe/H) between the clusters. The observed dispersion in H and K line strengths yields an upper limit of 0.15 dex for M15 and M92, and 0.11 dex for M3+M13 for the average intracluster variation of (Ca/H), provided (Ca/H)=Fe/H). The dispersions drop to half these values if the calcium abundance varies independently of the ironmore » peak abundances.« less

  11. Numerical Correlation of Levator Advancement in Preoperative Planning.

    PubMed

    Makeeva, Valeria; Collawn, Sherry S; Pierce, Evelina N; Mousa, Mina S; Yang, Jennifer H; Davison, Peter N; Jospitre, Elodie C

    2017-06-01

    Several procedures have been proposed for the treatment of eyelid ptosis, and both levator advancement and levator plication are widely used to shorten the levator palpebrae superioris. The purpose of this study was to quantify perioperative lid measurements in patients undergoing bilateral levator aponeurosis advancements to aid in preoperative planning. Between July 2014 and June 2016, the authors performed a retrospective analysis of all bilateral upper eyelid levator advancement procedures for ptosis performed by the senior surgeon. There are a total of 21 patients (6 men and 15 women) with a mean age of 63 years (range, 48-79 years). The average time at follow-up was 5.3 months, with a range of 1 to 26 months. In this retrospective study, we collected data on presurgical measurements including marginal reflex distance 1 (MRD1), surgical technique used (symmetrical/asymmetrical levator advancement) with millimeters of advancement used, and postsurgical measurements. We found that on average, an advancement of 4 mm led to an improvement in MRD1 of 2.26 mm (n = 14), and advancement of 5 mm led to an improvement in MRD1 of 2.74 mm (n = 15). Patients also reported improvements in their quality of life. Our results may be used to guide clinicians in preoperative planning.

  12. Heat capacity and thermodynamic properties of andradite garnet, Ca3Fe2Si3O12, between 10 and 1000 K and revised values for ΔfGom (298.15 K) of hedenbergite and wollastonite

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Robie, Richard A.; Bin, Zhao; Hemingway, Bruce S.; Barton, Mark D.

    1987-01-01

    Between 300 and 1000 K the molar heat capacity of andradite can be represented by the equation Cop,m = 809.24 - 7.025 × 10−2T− 7.403 × 103T−0.5 − 6.789 × 105T−2. We have also used our thermochemical data for andradite to estimate the Gibbs free energy of formation of hedenbergite (CaFeSi2O6) for which we obtained ΔfGom (298.15 K) = −2674.3 ± 5.8 kJ/mol.

  13. Methodology and technical requirements of the galectin-3 test for the preoperative characterization of thyroid nodules.

    PubMed

    Bartolazzi, Armando; Bellotti, Carlo; Sciacchitano, Salvatore

    2012-01-01

    In the last decade, the β-galactosyl binding protein galectin-3 has been the object of extensive molecular, structural, and functional studies aimed to clarify its biological role in cancer. Multicenter studies also contributed to discover the potential clinical value of galectin-3 expression analysis in distinguishing, preoperatively, benign from malignant thyroid nodules. As a consequence galectin-3 is receiving significant attention as tumor marker for thyroid cancer diagnosis, but some conflicting results mostly owing to methodological problems have been published. The possibility to apply preoperatively a reliable galectin-3 test method on fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA)-derived thyroid cells represents an important achievement. When correctly applied, the method reduces consistently the gray area of thyroid FNA cytology, contributing to avoid unnecessary thyroid surgery. Although the efficacy and reliability of the galectin-3 test method have been extensively proved in several studies, its translation in the clinical setting requires well-standardized reagents and procedures. After a decade of experimental work on galectin-3-related basic and translational research projects, the major methodological problems that may potentially impair the diagnostic performance of galectin-3 immunotargeting are highlighted and discussed in detail. A standardized protocol for a reliable galectin-3 expression analysis is finally provided. The aim of this contribution is to improve the clinical management of patients with thyroid nodules, promoting the preoperative use of a reliable galectin-3 test method as ancillary technique to conventional thyroid FNA cytology. The final goal is to decrease unnecessary thyroid surgery and its related social costs.

  14. Phase Compositions of Self Reinforcement Al2O3/CaAl12O19 Composite using X-ray Diffraction Data and Rietveld Technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asmi, D.; Low, I. M.; O'Connor, B.

    2008-03-01

    The analysis of x-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns by the Rietveld technique was tested to the quantitatively phase compositions of self reinforcement Al2O3/CaAl12O19 composite. Room-temperature XRD patterns revealed that α-Al2O3 was the only phase presence in the CA0 sample, whereas the α-Al2O3 and CaAl12O19 phases were found for CA5, CA15, CA30, and CA50 samples. The peak intensity of CA6 in the self reinforcement Al2O3/CaAl12O19 composites increased in proportion with increase in CaAl12O19 content in contrast to α-Al2O3. The diffraction patterns for CA100 sample shows minor traces of α-Al2O3 even in relatively low peak intensity. It is suggesting that the in-situ reaction sintering of raw materials were not react completely to form 100 wt% CaAl12O19 at temperature 1650 °C. Quantitative phase compositions of self reinforcement Al2O3/CaAl12O19 composites by Rietveld analysis with XRD data has been well demonstrated. The results showed that the GOF values are relatively low and the fluctuation in the difference plots shows a reasonable fit between the observed and the calculated plot.

  15. Kinetics of dissolution of sapphire in melts in the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaw, Cliff S. J.; Klausen, Kim B.; Mao, Huahai

    2018-05-01

    The dissolution rate of sapphire in melts in the CAS system of varying silica activity, viscosity and degree of alumina saturation has been determined at 1600 °C and 1.5 GPa. After an initiation period of up to 1800 s, dissolution is controlled by diffusion of cations through the boundary layer adjacent to the dissolving sapphire. The dissolution rate decreases with increasing silica activity, viscosity and molar Al2O3/CaO. The calculated diffusion matrix for each solvent melt shows that CAS 1 and 9 which have molar Al2O3/CaO of 0.33 and 0.6 and dissolution rate constants of 0.65 × 10-6 and 0.59 × 10-6 m/s0.5 have similar directions and magnitudes of diffusive coupling: DCaO-Al2O3 and DAl2O3-CaO are both negative are approximately equal. The solvent with the fastest dissolution rate: CAS 4, which has a rate constant of 1.5 × 10-6 m/s0.5 and Al2O3/CaO of 0.31 has positive DCaO-Al2O3 and negative DAl2O3-CaO and the absolute values vary by a factor of 4. Although many studies show that aluminium is added to the melts via the reaction: Si4+ =Al3+ + 0.5Ca2+ the compositional profiles show that this reaction is not the only one involved in accommodating the aluminium added during sapphire dissolution. Rather, aluminium is incorporated as both tetrahedrally coordinated Al charge balanced by Ca and as aluminium not charge balanced by Ca (termed Alxs). This reaction: AlIV -Ca =Alxs +CaNBO where CaNBO is a non-bridging oxygen associated with calcium, may involve the formation of aluminium triclusters. The shape of the compositional profiles and oxide-oxide composition paths is controlled by the aluminium addition reaction. When Alxs exceeds 2%, CaO diffusion becomes increasingly anomalous and since the bond strength of Alxs correlates with CaO/CaO + Al2O3, the presence of more than 2% Alxs leads to significantly slower dissolution than when Alxs is absent or at low concentration. Thus, dissolution is controlled by diffusion of cations through the boundary layer, but this

  16. Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange regulates Ca(2+)-dependent duodenal mucosal ion transport and HCO(3)(-) secretion in mice.

    PubMed

    Dong, Hui; Sellers, Zachary M; Smith, Anders; Chow, Jimmy Y C; Barrett, Kim E

    2005-03-01

    Stimulation of muscarinic receptors in duodenal mucosa raises intracellular Ca(2+), which regulates ion transport, including HCO(3)(-) secretion. However, the underlying Ca(2+) handling mechanisms are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to determine whether Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) plays a role in the regulation of duodenal mucosal ion transport and HCO(3)(-) secretion by controlling Ca(2+) homeostasis. Mouse duodenal mucosa was mounted in Ussing chambers. Net ion transport was assessed as short-circuit current (I(sc)), and HCO(3)(-) secretion was determined by pH-stat. Expression of NCX in duodenal mucosae was analyzed by Western blot, and cytosolic Ca(2+) in duodenocytes was measured by fura 2. Carbachol (100 muM) increased I(sc) in a biphasic manner: an initial transient peak within 2 min and a later sustained plateau starting at 10 min. Carbachol-induced HCO(3)(-) secretion peaked at 10 min. 2-Aminoethoxydiphenylborate (2-APB, 100 muM) or LiCl (30 mM) significantly reduced the initial peak in I(sc) by 51 or 47%, respectively, and abolished the plateau phase of I(sc) without affecting HCO(3)(-) secretion induced by carbachol. Ryanodine (100 muM), caffeine (10 mM), and nifedipine (10 muM) had no effect on either response to carbachol. In contrast, nickel (5 mM) and KB-R7943 (10-30 muM) significantly inhibited carbachol-induced increases in duodenal mucosal I(sc) and HCO(3)(-) secretion. Western blot analysis showed expression of NCX1 proteins in duodenal mucosae, and functional NCX in duodenocytes was demonstrated in Ca(2+) imaging experiments where Na(+) depletion elicited Ca(2+) entry via the reversed mode of NCX. These results indicate that NCX contributes to the regulation of Ca(2+)-dependent duodenal mucosal ion transport and HCO(3)(-) secretion that results from stimulation of muscarinic receptors.

  17. PIK3CA dependence and sensitivity to therapeutic targeting in urothelial carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Ross, R L; McPherson, H R; Kettlewell, L; Shnyder, S D; Hurst, C D; Alder, O; Knowles, M A

    2016-07-28

    Many urothelial carcinomas (UC) contain activating PIK3CA mutations. In telomerase-immortalized normal urothelial cells (TERT-NHUC), ectopic expression of mutant PIK3CA induces PI3K pathway activation, cell proliferation and cell migration. However, it is not clear whether advanced UC tumors are PIK3CA-dependent and whether PI3K pathway inhibition is a good therapeutic option in such cases. We used retrovirus-mediated delivery of shRNA to knock down mutant PIK3CA in UC cell lines and assessed effects on pathway activation, cell proliferation, migration and tumorigenicity. The effect of the class I PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 was assessed in a panel of UC cell lines with a range of known molecular alterations in the PI3K pathway. Specific knockdown of PIK3CA inhibited proliferation, migration, anchorage-independent growth and in vivo tumor growth of cells with PIK3CA mutations. Sensitivity to GDC-0941 was dependent on hotspot PIK3CA mutation status. Cells with rare PIK3CA mutations and co-occurring TSC1 or PTEN mutations were less sensitive. Furthermore, downstream PI3K pathway alterations in TSC1 or PTEN or co-occurring AKT1 and RAS gene mutations were associated with GDC-0941 resistance. Mutant PIK3CA is a potent oncogenic driver in many UC cell lines and may represent a valuable therapeutic target in advanced bladder cancer.

  18. Dependence of electrical transport properties of CaO(CaMnO3)m (m = 1, 2, 3, ∞) thermoelectric oxides on lattice periodicity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baranovskiy, Andrei; Amouyal, Yaron

    2017-02-01

    The electrical transport properties of CaO(CaMnO3)m (m = 1, 2, 3, ∞) compounds are studied applying the density functional theory (DFT) in terms of band structure at the vicinity of the Fermi level (EF). It is shown that the total density of states (DOS) values at EF increase with increase in the m-values, which implies an increase in the electrical conductivity, σ, with increasing m-values, in full accordance with experimental results. Additionally, the calculated values of the relative slopes of the DOS at EF correlate with the experimentally measured Seebeck coefficients. The electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficients were calculated in the framework of the Boltzmann transport theory applying the constant relaxation time approximation. By the analysis of experimental and calculated σ(Τ) dependences, the electronic relaxation time and mean free path values were estimated. It is shown that the electrical transport is dominated by electron scattering on the boundaries between perovskite (CaMnO3) and Ca oxide (CaO) layers inside the crystal lattice.

  19. Use of Preoperative Testing and Physicians' Response to Professional Society Guidance.

    PubMed

    Sigmund, Alana E; Stevens, Elizabeth R; Blitz, Jeanna D; Ladapo, Joseph A

    2015-08-01

    stress testing (1.0% in 1997-2002 to 2.0% in 2003-2010; DID, 0.7 per 100 visits; 95% CI, -0.1 to 1.5) after the publication of professional guidance. However, the rate of electrocardiogram testing fell (19.4% in 1997-2002 to 14.3% in 2003-2010; DID, -6.7 per 100 visits; 95% CI, -10.6 to -2.7) in the period after the publication of guidance. The release of the 2002 guidance on routine preoperative testing was associated with a reduced incidence of routine electrocardiogram testing but not of plain radiography, hematocrit, urinalysis, or cardiac stress testing. Because routine preoperative testing is generally considered to provide low incremental value, more concerted efforts to understand physician behavior and remove barriers to guideline adherence may improve health care quality and reduce costs.

  20. Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of lead-free Ba0.85Ca0.15Ti0.9-xZr0.1CuxO3 ceramics synthesized by a hydrothermal method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hunpratub, Sitchai; Phokha, Sumalin; Maensiri, Santi; Chindaprasirt, Prinya

    2016-04-01

    Ba0.85Ca0.15Ti0.9Zr0.1-xCuxO3 (BCTZC) nanopowders were synthesized using a hydrothermal method after which they were pressed into discs and sintered in air at 1300 °C for 3 h to form ceramic samples. The phase and microstructure of the powder and ceramic samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD results indicated that the ceramic samples exhibited a tetragonal structure and that CuO, BaZrO3 or CaTiO3 impurity phases, which had been present in the powder samples, were not observed. The average grain sizes in the ceramic samples were found to be 17.0, 16.1, 20.0, 18.1 and 19.6 μm for Cu mole fractions x of 0.002, 0.004, 0.006, 0.008 and 0.01, respectively. The dielectric constants, ferroelectric hysteresis loops and piezoelectric charge coefficients of the BCZTC ceramic samples were also investigated. Optimum values for the relative dielectric constant (ɛ‧), tan δ and piezoelectric charge coefficient (d33) of the samples were 3830, 0.03 and 306 pC/N, respectively, in the Cu mole fraction samples with x = 0.002.

  1. The effect of interactive multimedia on preoperative knowledge and postoperative recovery of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Stergiopoulou, A; Birbas, K; Katostaras, T; Mantas, J

    2007-01-01

    Aim of this study is the evaluation of the impact of a multimedia CD (MCD) on preoperative anxiety and postoperative recovery of patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Sixty consecutive candidates for elective LC were randomly assigned to four groups. Group A included 15 patients preoperatively informed regarding LC through the MCD presented by Registered Nurse (RN). Patients in group B (n = 15) were informed through a leaflet. Patients in group C (n = 15) were informed verbally from a RN. Finally, the control Group D included 15 patients informed conventionally by the attending surgeon and anesthesiologist, as every other patient included in groups A, B, and C. Preoperative assessment of knowledge about LC was performed after each informative session through a questionnaire. Evaluation of preoperative anxiety was conducted using APAIS scale. Postoperative pain and nausea scores were measured using an NRS scale, 16 hours after the patient had returned to the ward. Statistical processing of the results (single linear regression) showed that patients in groups A, B, and C achieved a higher knowledge score, less preoperative anxiety score and less postoperative pain and nausea, compared to Group D. In multiple regression analysis, group A had a higher knowledge score compared to the four groups (p < 0.001 r(2) = 0.41). Informative sessions using MCD is an effective means of improving patient's preoperative knowledge, especially in day-surgery cases, like LC.

  2. Puerperal Mastitis: a Reproductive Event of Importance Affecting Anti-Mucin Antibody Levels and Ovarian Cancer Risk

    PubMed Central

    Cramer, Daniel W.; Williams, Kristina; Vitonis, Allison F.; Yamamoto, Hidemi S.; Stuebe, Alison; Welch, William R.; Titus, Linda; Fichorova, Raina N.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Test the hypothesis that puerperal mastitis may alter immunity related to the mucin (MUC) family of glycoproteins and lower risk for ovarian cancer. Methods In two case-control studies conducted in New England between 1998–2008, we examined the association between self-reported mastitis and ovarian cancer in 1,483 women with epithelial ovarian cancer and 1,578 controls. IgG1 antibodies against (MUC1) CA15.3 and (MUC16) CA125 were measured using electrochemiluminescence assays in a subset of controls (n=200). Preoperative CA125 was recorded in 649 cases. The association between ovarian cancer and mastitis was assessed using unconditional logistic regression to calculate adjusted odds ratios, OR, and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Associations between mastitis and anti-CA15.3 and anti-CA125 antibodies and preoperative CA125 levels were evaluated using adjusted linear regression models. Results Prior mastitis was associated with a significantly lower risk for ovarian cancer: OR (and 95% CI) of 0.67 (0.48, 0.94) adjusted for parity, breastfeeding, and other potential confounders. The association was strongest with 2 or more episodes of mastitis; and risk declined progressively with increasing number of children and episodes of mastitis. Among controls, prior mastitis was associated with significantly higher anti-CA15.3 and anti-CA125 antibody levels and, among cases, with significantly lower preoperative CA125 levels. Conclusion Puerperal that mastitis may produce long-lasting anti-mucin antibodies that may lower the risk for ovarian cancer, plausibly through enhanced immune surveillance. Studying immune reactions related to MUC1 and MUC16 in the 10–20% of breastfeeding women who develop mastitis may suggest ways to duplicate its effects through vaccines based on both antigens. PMID:23925696

  3. Effect of preoperative treatment strategies on the outcome of patients with clinical T3, non-metastasized rectal cancer: A comparison between Dutch and Canadian expert centers.

    PubMed

    Breugom, A J; Vermeer, T A; van den Broek, C B M; Vuong, T; Bastiaannet, E; Azoulay, L; Dekkers, O M; Niazi, T; van den Berg, H A; Rutten, H J T; van de Velde, C J H

    2015-08-01

    High-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRBT) appears to be associated with less treatment-related toxicity compared with external beam radiotherapy in patients with rectal cancer. The present study compared the effect of preoperative treatment strategies on overall survival, cancer-specific deaths, and local recurrences between a Dutch and Canadian expert center with different preoperative treatment strategies. We included 145 Dutch and 141 Canadian patients with cT3, non-metastasized rectal cancer. All patients from Canada were preoperatively treated with HDRBT. The preoperative treatment strategy for Dutch patients consisted of either no preoperative treatment, short-course radiotherapy, or chemoradiotherapy. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) comparing overall survival. We adjusted for age, cN stage, (y)pT stage, comorbidity, and type of surgery. Primary endpoint was overall survival. Secondary endpoints were cancer-specific deaths and local recurrences. Five-year overall survival was 70.9% (95% CI 62.6%-77.7%) in Dutch patients compared with 86.9% (80.1%-91.6%) in Canadian patients, resulting in an adjusted HR of 0.70 (95% CI 0.39-1.26; p = 0.233). Of 145 Dutch patients, 6.9% (95% CI 2.8%-11.0%) had a local recurrence and 17.9% (95% CI 11.7%-24.2%) patients died of rectal cancer, compared with 4.3% (95% CI 0.9%-7.5%) local recurrences and 10.6% (95% CI 5.5%-15.7%) rectal cancer deaths out of 141 Canadian patients. We did not detect statistically significant differences in overall survival between a Dutch and Canadian expert center with different treatment strategies. This finding needs to be further investigated in a randomized controlled trial. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Melting phase relations in the MgSiO3-CaSiO3 system at 24 GPa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nomura, Ryuichi; Zhou, Youmo; Irifune, Tetsuo

    2017-12-01

    The Earth's lower mantle is composed of bridgmanite, ferropericlase, and CaSiO3-rich perovskite. The melting phase relations between each component are key to understanding the melting of the Earth's lower mantle and the crystallization of the deep magma ocean. In this study, melting phase relations in the MgSiO3-CaSiO3 system were investigated at 24 GPa using a multi-anvil apparatus. The eutectic composition is (Mg,Ca)SiO3 with 81-86 mol% MgSiO3. The solidus temperature is 2600-2620 K. The solubility of CaSiO3 component into bridgmanite increases with temperature, reaching a maximum of 3-6 mol% at the solidus, and then decreases with temperature. The same trend was observed for the solubility of MgSiO3 component into CaSiO3-rich perovskite, with a maximum of 14-16 mol% at the solidus. The asymmetric regular solutions between bridgmanite and CaSiO3-rich perovskite and between MgSiO3 and CaSiO3 liquid components well reproduce the melting phase relations constrained experimentally. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

  5. Mn-Doped CaBi4Ti4O15/Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 Ultrasonic Transducers for Continuous Monitoring at Elevated Temperatures

    PubMed Central

    Kibe, Taiga; Nagata, Hajime

    2017-01-01

    Continuous ultrasonic in-situ monitoring for industrial applications is difficult owing to the high operating temperatures in industrial fields. It is expected that ultrasonic transducers consisting of a CaBi4Ti4O15(CBT)/Pb(Zr,Ti)O3(PZT) sol-gel composite could be one solution for ultrasonic nondestructive testing (NDT) above 500 °C because no couplant is required and CBT has a high Curie temperature. To verify the high temperature durability, CBT/PZT sol-gel composite films were fabricated on titanium substrates by spray coating, and the CBT/PZT samples were tested in a furnace at various temperatures. Reflected echoes with a high signal-to-noise ratio were observed up to 600 °C. A thermal cycle test was conducted from room temperature to 600 °C, and no significant deterioration was found after the second thermal cycle. To investigate the long-term high-temperature durability, a CBT/PZT ultrasonic transducer was tested in the furnace at 600 °C for 36 h. Ultrasonic responses were recorded every 3 h, and the sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio were stable throughout the experiment. PMID:29186910

  6. Diode pumped tunable lasers based on Tm:CaF2 and Tm:Ho:CaF2 ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Šulc, Jan; Němec, Michal; Jelinková, Helena; Doroshenko, Maxim E.; Fedorov, Pavel P.; Osiko, Vyacheslav V.

    2014-02-01

    The Tm:CaF2 (4% of TmF3) and Tm:Ho:CaF2 (2% of TmF3, 0.3% of HoF3) ceramics, prepared using hot pressing, and hot formation technique had been used as an active medium of diode pumped mid-infrared tunable laser. A fibre (core diameter 400 μm, NA = 0.22) coupled laser diode (LIMO, HLU30F400-790) was used to longitudinal pumping. The laser diode was operating in the pulsed regime (6 ms pulse length, 10 Hz repetition rate). The duty-cycle 6% ensures a low thermal load even under the maximum diode pumping power amplitude 25W (ceramics samples were only air-cooled). The laser diode emission wavelength was 786 nm. The 80mm long semi-hemispherical laser resonator consisted of a flat pumping mirror (HR @ 1.85 - 2.15 μm, HT @ 0.78 μm) and a curved (r = 150mm) output coupler with a reflectivity of ˜ 98% @ 1.85 - 2.0 μm for Tm:CaF2 laser or ˜ 99.5% @ 2.0 - 2.15 μm for Ho:Tm:CaF2. Tuning of the laser was accomplished by using a birefringent filter (single 1.5mm thick quartz plate) placed inside the optical resonator at the Brewster angle. Both samples offered broad and smooth tuning possibilities in mid-IR spectral range and the lasers were continuously tunable over ˜ 100 nm. The obtained Tm:CaF2 tunability ranged from 1892 to 1992nm (the maximum output energy 1.8mJ was reached at 1952nm for absorbed pumping energy 78 mJ). In case of Tm:Ho:CaF2 laser tunability from 2016 to 2111nm was reached (the maximum output energy 1.5mJ was reached at 2083nm for absorbed pumping energy 53 mJ). Both these material are good candidates for a future investigation of high energy, ultra-short, laser pulse generation.

  7. Photoluminescence properties of Eu(3+)/ Sm(3+) activated CaZr4(PO4)6 phosphors.

    PubMed

    Nair, Govind B; Dhoble, S J

    2016-09-01

    Solid state reaction method was employed for the synthesis of a series of CaZr4(PO4)6: Eu(3+)/Sm(3+) phosphors. The red-emitting CaZr4(PO4)6:Eu(3+) phosphors can be efficiently excited at 396 nm and thereby, exhibit a strong red luminescence predominantly corresponding to the electric dipole transition at 615 nm. Under 405 nm excitation, CaZr4(PO4)6:Sm(3+) phosphors display orange emission with color temperatures approximately around 2200 K. The acquired results reveal that CaZr4(PO4)6: RE(3+) (RE = Eu, Sm) phosphors could be potential candidates for red and orange emitting phosphor, respectively, for UV/blue-pump LEDs.

  8. First investigations on the quaternary system Na2O-K2O-CaO-SiO2: synthesis and crystal structure of the mixed alkali calcium silicate K1.08Na0.92Ca6Si4O15

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kahlenberg, Volker; Mayerl, Michael Jean-Philippe; Schmidmair, Daniela; Krüger, Hannes; Tribus, Martina

    2018-04-01

    In the course of an exploratory study on the quaternary system Na2O-K2O-CaO-SiO2 single crystals of the first anhydrous sodium potassium calcium silicate have been obtained from slow cooling of a melt in the range between 1250 and 1050 °C. Electron probe micro analysis suggested the following idealized molar ratios of the oxides for the novel compound: K2O:Na2O:CaO:SiO2 = 1:1:12:8 (or KNaCa6Si4O15). Single-crystal diffraction measurements on a crystal with chemical composition K1.08Na0.92Ca6Si4O15 resulted in the following basic crystallographic data: monoclinic symmetry, space group P 21/ c, a = 8.9618(9) Å, b = 7.3594(6) Å, c = 11.2453(11) Å, β= 107.54(1)°, V = 707.2(1) Å3, Z = 2. Structure solution was performed using direct methods. The final least-squares refinement converged at a residual of R(|F|) = 0.0346 for 1288 independent reflections and 125 parameters. From a structural point of view, K1.08Na0.92Ca6Si4O15 belongs to the group of mixed-anion silicates containing [Si2O7]- and [SiO4]-units in the ratio 1:2. The mono- and divalent cations occupy a total of four crystallographically independent positions located in voids between the tetrahedra. Three of these sites are exclusively occupied by calcium. The fourth site is occupied by 54(1)% K and 46%(1) Na, respectively. Alternatively, the structure can be described as a heteropolyhedral framework based on corner-sharing silicate tetrahedra and [CaO6]-octahedra. The network can build up from kröhnkite-like [Ca(SiO4)2O2]-chains running along [001]. A detailed comparison with other A2B6Si4O15-compounds including topological and group-theoretical aspects is presented.

  9. Synthesis of Multicolor Core/Shell NaLuF4:Yb3+/Ln3+@CaF2 Upconversion Nanocrystals

    PubMed Central

    Li, Hui; Hao, Shuwei; Yang, Chunhui; Chen, Guanying

    2017-01-01

    The ability to synthesize high-quality hierarchical core/shell nanocrystals from an efficient host lattice is important to realize efficacious photon upconversion for applications ranging from bioimaging to solar cells. Here, we describe a strategy to fabricate multicolor core @ shell α-NaLuF4:Yb3+/Ln3+@CaF2 (Ln = Er, Ho, Tm) upconversion nanocrystals (UCNCs) based on the newly established host lattice of sodium lutetium fluoride (NaLuF4). We exploited the liquid-solid-solution method to synthesize the NaLuF4 core of pure cubic phase and the thermal decomposition approach to expitaxially grow the calcium fluoride (CaF2) shell onto the core UCNCs, yielding cubic core/shell nanocrystals with a size of 15.6 ± 1.2 nm (the core ~9 ± 0.9 nm, the shell ~3.3 ± 0.3 nm). We showed that those core/shell UCNCs could emit activator-defined multicolor emissions up to about 772 times more efficient than the core nanocrystals due to effective suppression of surface-related quenching effects. Our results provide a new paradigm on heterogeneous core/shell structure for enhanced multicolor upconversion photoluminescence from colloidal nanocrystals. PMID:28336867

  10. TPS and CA 19-9 measurements in the follow-up of patients with pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Slesak, B; Harlozinska-Szmyrka, A; Knast, W; Sedlaczek, P; Einarsson, R; van Dalen, A

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the value of TPS and CA 19-9 in a long-term follow-up analysis of 11 patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) and 15 patients with pancreatic cancer (PC). In all monitored patients with chronic pancreatitis the initial TPS level was below 200 U/L, whereas CA 19-9 was elevated in two of them. In one patient a dramatic increase in the TPS concentration (820 U/L) was measured at the last follow-up visit (after 8.6 months), which led to the detection of PC. In all patients with PC the preoperative TPS level exceeded 200 U/L, whereas CA 19-9 was elevated in only nine patients. After the Kausch-Whipple operation 11 patients showed no evidence of disease and in eight of these patients both TPS and CA 19-9 were within the reference range; however, in three patients liver metastases were detected after 8-24 months from the last tumor marker measurement. In four of the 15 patients both markers were elevated at the end of the follow-up period and distant metastases were clinically confirmed. Our results indicate that in patients with CP and PC undergoing long-term follow-up, TPS reflects the clinical status of patients more accurately than CA 19-9.

  11. Synthesis and luminescent properties of CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors with core-shell structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Min; Kang, Ming; Chen, Kexu; Mou, Yongren; Sun, Rong

    2018-03-01

    Integrating the processes of preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+ and its surface-coating, core-shell structured CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors with red emission were synthesized by the carbonation method and surface precipitation procedure using sodium silicate as silica source. The phase structure, thermal stability, morphology and luminescent property of the as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectrum, thermal analysis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscope and photoluminescence spectra. The experimental results show that Eu3+ ions as the luminescence center are divided into two types: one is at the surface of the CaCO3 and the other inhabits the site of Ca2+. For CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors, the SiO2 layers are continuously coated on the surface of CaCO3:Eu3+ and show a typical core-shell structure. After coated with SiO2 layer, the luminous intensity and the compatibility with the rubber matrix increase greatly. Additionally, the luminous intensity increases with the increasing of Eu3+ ions concentration in CaCO3 core and concentration quenching occurs when Eu3+ ions concentration exceeds 7.0 mol%, while it is 5.0 mol% for CaCO3:Eu3+ phosphors. Therefore, preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+@SiO2 phosphors can not only simplify the experimental process through integrating the preparation of CaCO3:Eu3+ and SiO2 layer, but also effectively increase the luminous intensities of CaCO3:Eu3+ phosphors. The as-obtained phosphors may have potential applications in the fields of optical materials and functional polymer composite materials, such as plastics and rubbers.

  12. Framework for 2D-3D image fusion of infrared thermography with preoperative MRI.

    PubMed

    Hoffmann, Nico; Weidner, Florian; Urban, Peter; Meyer, Tobias; Schnabel, Christian; Radev, Yordan; Schackert, Gabriele; Petersohn, Uwe; Koch, Edmund; Gumhold, Stefan; Steiner, Gerald; Kirsch, Matthias

    2017-11-27

    Multimodal medical image fusion combines information of one or more images in order to improve the diagnostic value. While previous applications mainly focus on merging images from computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasonic and single-photon emission computed tomography, we propose a novel approach for the registration and fusion of preoperative 3D MRI with intraoperative 2D infrared thermography. Image-guided neurosurgeries are based on neuronavigation systems, which further allow us track the position and orientation of arbitrary cameras. Hereby, we are able to relate the 2D coordinate system of the infrared camera with the 3D MRI coordinate system. The registered image data are now combined by calibration-based image fusion in order to map our intraoperative 2D thermographic images onto the respective brain surface recovered from preoperative MRI. In extensive accuracy measurements, we found that the proposed framework achieves a mean accuracy of 2.46 mm.

  13. Frequent PIK3CA Mutations in Colorectal and Endometrial Cancer with Double Somatic Mismatch Repair Mutations

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Stacey A.; Turner, Emily H.; Beightol, Mallory B.; Jacobson, Angela; Gooley, Ted A.; Salipante, Stephen J.; Haraldsdottir, Sigurdis; Smith, Christina; Scroggins, Sheena; Tait, Jonathan F.; Grady, William M.; Lin, Edward H.; Cohn, David E.; Goodfellow, Paul J.; Arnold, Mark W.; de la Chapelle, Albert; Pearlman, Rachel; Hampel, Heather; Pritchard, Colin C.

    2016-01-01

    Background & Aims Double somatic mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes have recently been described in colorectal and endometrial cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI) not attributable to MLH1 hypermethylation or germline mutation. We sought to define the molecular phenotype of this newly recognized tumor subtype. Methods From two prospective Lynch syndrome screening studies, we identified patients with colorectal and endometrial tumors harboring ≥2 somatic MMR mutations, but normal germline MMR testing (“double somatic”). We determined the frequencies of tumor PIK3CA, BRAF, KRAS, NRAS, and PTEN mutations by targeted next-generation sequencing and used logistic-regression models to compare them to: Lynch syndrome, MLH1 hypermethylated, and microsatellite stable (MSS) tumors. We validated our findings using independent datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Results Among colorectal cancer cases, we found that 14/21 (67%) of double somatic cases had PIK3CA mutations vs. 4/18 (22%) Lynch syndrome, 2/10 (20%) MLH1 hypermethylated, and 12/78 (15%) MSS tumors; p<0.0001. PIK3CA mutations were detected in 100% of 13 double somatic endometrial cancers (p=0.04). BRAF mutations were absent in double somatic and Lynch syndrome colorectal tumors. We found highly similar results in a validation cohort from TCGA (113 colorectal, 178 endometrial cancer), with 100% of double somatic cases harboring a PIK3CA mutation (p<0.0001). Conclusions PIK3CA mutations are present in double somatic mutated colorectal and endometrial cancers at substantially higher frequencies than other MSI subgroups. PIK3CA mutation status may better define an emerging molecular entity in colorectal and endometrial cancers, with the potential to inform screening and therapeutic decision making. PMID:27302833

  14. Eliminating Preoperative Lymphoscintigraphy in Extremity Melanomas

    PubMed Central

    McGregor, Andrew; Pavri, Sabrina N.; Kim, Samuel; Xu, Xiaolu

    2018-01-01

    Background: Preoperative lymphoscintigraphy (LSG) is an imaging procedure routinely used to identify the draining nodal basin in melanomas. At our institute, we have traditionally performed preoperative LSG followed by intraoperative LSG for logistical and evaluative reasons. We sought to determine if preoperative LSG could be safely eliminated in the treatment of extremity melanomas, which exhibit consistent and predictable lymphatic drainage patterns. Methods: We reviewed the Yale Melanoma Registry 1308012545 for cutaneous extremity melanomas treated at our institution. From this registry, we calculated the incidence of atypical lymph node drainage patterns outside the axillary and inguinal regions. Based on these data, we eliminated preoperative LSG in 21 cases (8 upper extremities and 13 lower extremities). Additionally, we calculated the potential hospital charge reduction of forgoing preoperative LSG. Results: Upper and lower extremity melanomas treated at our institution exhibited atypical lymph node drainage at a rate of 3.4% and 2.0%, respectively. The sites of atypical drainage were to the epitrochlear and popliteal regions. In all 21 cases where preoperative LSG was eliminated, we were able to correctly identify the sentinel lymph node. The potential hospital charge reduction of forgoing preoperative LSG totaled $2,393. Conclusions: Preoperative LSG can be safely eliminated in the management of upper and lower extremity melanomas. Exceptions may be considered for primary lesions of the posterior calf, ankle, and heel as well as for patients with history of prior surgery or radiation. Forgoing preoperative LSG results in a hospital charge reduction of $2,393 and provides additional benefits to the patient. Ultimately, there is potential for significant charge reduction if applied across health care systems. PMID:29707448

  15. THE RESEARCH ON THERMAL PROPERTIES AND HYDROPHOBILITY OF THE NATIVE STARCH/HYDROLYSIS STARCH BLENDS WITH TREATED CaCO{sub 3} POWDER

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, C.-I; Huang, C.-Y.

    In this research, hydrolysis starch was added into the starch blends to study the thermal properties. The enthalpy of blends had a significant decrease to 109J/g as content of treated CaCO{sub 3} increased to 5wt%. The modified starch was degraded slightly to produce glucose in the hydrolysis treatment. The amount of glucose in native starch and hydrolysis starch was 0.09 {mu}mol and 0.14 {mu}mol by the DNS measurement. Moreover, CaCO{sub 3} treated with titanium coupling agent was also added to improve miscibility and hydrophobility in the starch blends. The contact angle of the blends increased from 60 deg. to 95more » deg. when 15wt% treated CaCO{sub 3} was added. Treated CaCO{sub 3} was confirmed to improve the hydrophobility of starch blends effectively.« less

  16. Large magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic CaMnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Z.; Greenblatt, M.; Croft, M.

    1999-04-01

    CaMnO3-δ with δ=0, 0.06, and 0.11 was prepared by the Pechini citrate gel process at 1100 °C. Oxygen defects were created by quenching the sample from high temperature. Chemical analysis and x-ray absorption show that the formal valence of Mn in CaMnO3 is close to 4+, and that Mn(III) is created in the quenched samples. Moreover the x-ray absorption near-edge spectra results support the creation of two Mn(III) five coordinate sites for each O vacancy. CaMnO3-δ (δ=0-0.11) are n-type semiconductors and order antiferromagnatically with Néel temperatures close to 125 K. The activation energy decreases with increasing δ. A relatively large (~40%) negative magnetoresistance (MR) is observed for CaMnO2.89. This result shows that a substantial MR can occur in these G-type antiferromagnetic materials.

  17. Involvement of dominant-negative spliced variants of the intermediate conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel, K(Ca)3.1, in immune function of lymphoid cells.

    PubMed

    Ohya, Susumu; Niwa, Satomi; Yanagi, Ayano; Fukuyo, Yuka; Yamamura, Hisao; Imaizumi, Yuji

    2011-05-13

    The intermediate conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (IK(Ca) channel) encoded by K(Ca)3.1 is responsible for the control of proliferation and differentiation in various types of cells. We identified novel spliced variants of K(Ca)3.1 (human (h) K(Ca)3.1b) from the human thymus, which were lacking the N-terminal domains of the original hK(Ca)3.1a as a result of alternative splicing events. hK(Ca)3.1b was significantly expressed in human lymphoid tissues. Western blot analysis showed that hK(Ca)3.1a proteins were mainly expressed in the plasma membrane fraction, whereas hK(Ca)3.1b was in the cytoplasmic fraction. We also identified a similar N terminus lacking K(Ca)3.1 variants from mice and rat lymphoid tissues (mK(Ca)3.1b and rK(Ca)3.1b). In the HEK293 heterologous expression system, the cellular distribution of cyan fluorescent protein-tagged hK(Ca)3.1a and/or YFP-tagged hK(Ca)3.1b isoforms showed that hK(Ca)3.1b suppressed the localization of hK(Ca)3.1a to the plasma membrane. In the Xenopus oocyte translation system, co-expression of hK(Ca)3.1b with hK(Ca)3.1a suppressed IK(Ca) channel activity of hK(Ca)3.1a in a dominant-negative manner. In addition, this study indicated that up-regulation of mK(Ca)3.1b in mouse thymocytes differentiated CD4(+)CD8(+) phenotype thymocytes into CD4(-)CD8(-) ones and suppressed concanavalin-A-stimulated thymocyte growth by down-regulation of mIL-2 transcripts. Anti-proliferative effects and down-regulation of mIL-2 transcripts were also observed in mK(Ca)3.1b-overexpressing mouse thymocytes. These suggest that the N-terminal domain of K(Ca)3.1 is critical for channel trafficking to the plasma membrane and that the fine-tuning of IK(Ca) channel activity modulated through alternative splicing events may be related to the control in physiological and pathophysiological conditions in T-lymphocytes.

  18. Aspirin-induced chemoprevention and response kinetics are enhanced by PIK3CA mutations in colorectal cancer cells

    PubMed Central

    Zumwalt, Timothy J; Wodarz, Dominik; Komarova, Natalia L; Toden, Shusuke; Turner, Jacob; Cardenas, Jacob; Burn, John; Chan, Andrew T; Boland, C Richard; Goel, Ajay

    2017-01-01

    This study was designed to determine how aspirin influences the growth kinetics and characteristics of cultured colorectal cancer (CRC) cells that harbor a variety of different mutational backgrounds, including PIK3CA and KRAS activating mutations and the presence or absence of microsatellite instability. CRC cell lines (HCT116, HCT116+Chr3/5, RKO, SW480, HCT15, CACO2, HT29, and SW48) were treated with pharmacologically relevant doses of aspirin (0.5–10 mM) and evaluated for proliferation and cell cycle distribution. These parameters were fitted to a mathematical model to quantify the effects and understand the mechanism(s) by which aspirin modifies growth in CRC cells. We also evaluated the effects of aspirin on key G0/G1 cell cycle genes that are regulated by PI3K-Akt pathway. Aspirin decelerated growth rates and disrupted cell cycle dynamics more profoundly in faster growing CRC cell lines, which tended to be PIK3CA-mutants. Additionally, microarray analysis of 151 CRC cell lines identified important cell cycle regulatory genes downstream targets of PIK3, which were dysregulated by aspirin treatment cycle genes (PCNA and RB1, p<0.01). Our study demonstrated what clinical trials have only speculated, that PIK3CA-mutant CRCs are more sensitive to aspirin. Aspirin inhibited cell growth in all CRC cell lines regardless of mutational background, but the effects were exacerbated in cells with PIK3CA mutations. Mathematical modeling combined with bench science revealed that cells with PIK3CA mutations experience significant G0/G1 arrest and explains why patients with PIK3CA-mutant CRCs may benefit from aspirin use after diagnosis. PMID:28154202

  19. Application of 3-Dimensional Printing in a Case of Osteogenesis Imperfecta for Patient Education, Anatomic Understanding, Preoperative Planning, and Intraoperative Evaluation.

    PubMed

    Eisenmenger, Laura B; Wiggins, Richard H; Fults, Daniel W; Huo, Eugene J

    2017-11-01

    The techniques and applications of 3-dimensional (3D) printing have progressed at a fast pace. In the last 10 years, there has been significant progress in applying this technology to medical applications. We present a case of osteogenesis imperfecta in which treatment was aided by prospectively using patient-specific, anatomically accurate 3D prints of the calvaria. The patient-specific, anatomically accurate 3D prints were used in the clinic and in the operating room to augment patient education, improve surgical decision making, and enhance preoperative planning. A 41-year-old woman with osteogenesis imperfecta and an extensive neurosurgical history presented for cranioplasty revision. Computed tomography (CT) data obtained as part of routine preoperative imaging were processed into a 3D model. The 3D patient-specific models were used in the clinic for patient education and in the operating room for preoperative visualization, planning, and intraoperative evaluation of anatomy. The patient reported the 3D models improved her understanding and comfort with the planned surgery when compared with discussing the procedure with the neurosurgeon or viewing the CT images with a neuroradiologist. The neurosurgeon reported an improved understanding of the patient's anatomy and potential cause of patient symptoms as well as improved preoperative planning compared with viewing the CT imaging alone. The neurosurgeon also reported an improvement in the planned surgical approach with a better intraoperative visualization and confirmation of the regions of planned calvarial resection. The use of patient-specific, anatomically accurate 3D prints may improve patient education, surgeon understanding and visualization, preoperative decision making, and intraoperative management. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Comparison of analgesic efficacy of preoperative or postoperative carprofen with or without preincisional mepivacaine epidural anesthesia in canine pelvic or femoral fracture repair.

    PubMed

    Bergmann, Hannes M; Nolte, Ingo; Kramer, Sabine

    2007-10-01

    To compare analgesic efficacy of preoperative versus postoperative administration of carprofen and to determine, if preincisional mepivacaine epidural anesthesia improves postoperative analgesia in dogs treated with carprofen. Blind, randomized clinical study. Dogs with femoral (n=18) or pelvic (27) fractures. Dogs were grouped by restricted randomization into 4 groups: group 1 = carprofen (4 mg/kg subcutaneously) immediately before induction of anesthesia, no epidural anesthesia; group 2 = carprofen immediately after extubation, no epidural anesthesia; group 3 = carprofen immediately before induction, mepivacaine epidural block 15 minutes before surgical incision; and group 4 = mepivacaine epidural block 15 minutes before surgical incision, carprofen after extubation. All dogs were administered carprofen (4 mg/kg, subcutaneously, once daily) for 4 days after surgery. Physiologic variables, nociceptive threshold, lameness score, pain, and sedation (numerical rating scale [NRS], visual analog scale [VAS]), plasma glucose and cortisol concentration, renal function, and hemostatic variables were measured preoperatively and at various times after surgery. Dogs with VAS pain scores >30 were administered rescue analgesia. Group 3 and 4 dogs had significantly lower pain scores and amount of rescue analgesia compared with groups 1 and 2. VAS and NRS pain scores were not significantly different among groups 1 and 2 or among groups 3 and 4. There was no treatment effect on renal function and hemostatic variables. Preoperative carprofen combined with mepivacaine epidural anesthesia had superior postoperative analgesia compared with preoperative carprofen alone. When preoperative epidural anesthesia was performed, preoperative administration of carprofen did not improve postoperative analgesia compared with postoperative administration of carprofen. Preoperative administration of systemic opioid agonists in combination with regional anesthesia and postoperative administration

  1. 17 CFR 240.15Ca2-5 - Consent to service of process to be furnished by non-resident government securities brokers or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Consent to service of process... Government Securities Dealers § 240.15Ca2-5 Consent to service of process to be furnished by non-resident... government securities dealer by the service of process upon the Commission and the forwarding of a copy...

  2. Advantage of FMISO-PET over FDG-PET for predicting histological response to preoperative chemotherapy in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Sato, Jun; Kitagawa, Yoshimasa; Yamazaki, Yutaka; Hata, Hironobu; Asaka, Takuya; Miyakoshi, Masaaki; Okamoto, Shozo; Shiga, Tohru; Shindoh, Masanobu; Kuge, Yuji; Tamaki, Nagara

    2014-11-01

    Hypoxia, a prognostic factor in many types of cancer, can be detected by (18)F-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) positron emission tomography (PET). It is unclear whether hypoxia reflects the response to chemotherapy in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The correlations of FMISO-PET and FDG-PET with histological response to preoperative chemotherapy were therefore assessed in patients with OSCC. This study enrolled 22 patients with OSCC undergoing preoperative chemotherapy. The T-stages were T2 in 6 patients, T3 in 3, and T4a in 13, and the N-stages were N0 in 14 patients, N1 in 3, and N2 in 5. Each patient was evaluated by both FMISO-PET and FDG-PET before surgery, and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of FDG- and FMISO-PET and tumor-muscle ratio (TMR) of FMISO-PET were measured. The threshold for the hypoxic volume based on TMR was set at 1.25. The histological response to preoperative chemotherapy was evaluated using operative materials. FMISO-PET and FDG-PET detected uptake by primary OSCCs in 15 (68%) and 21 (95%) patients, respectively, and median SUVmaxs of FMISO- and FDG-PET in the primary site were 2.0 (range, 1.3-3.5) and 16.0 (range, 1.0-32.2), respectively. The median of FMISO TMR was 1.5 (range, 0.99-2.96). There were five cases whose FMISO TMR was less than 1.25. Histological evaluation showed good response to preoperative chemotherapy in 7 patients (32%) and poor response in 15 (68%). Good response was significantly more prevalent in patients with negative than positive FMISO uptake (P < 0.001) and without the hypoxic area evaluated by FMISO-PET TMR (P = 0.04), whereas FDG uptake was not significantly correlated with response to chemotherapy response. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that FMISO uptake was an independent significant predictor of response to preoperative chemotherapy (P = 0.03, odds ratio = 0.06, 95% confidence interval = 0.004-0.759). An advantage of FMISO-PET over FDG-PET for

  3. Buffer kinetics shape the spatiotemporal patterns of IP3-evoked Ca2+ signals

    PubMed Central

    Dargan, Sheila L; Parker, Ian

    2003-01-01

    Ca2+ liberation through inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) plays a universal role in cell regulation, and specificity of cell signalling is achieved through the spatiotemporal patterning of Ca2+ signals. IP3Rs display Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR), but are grouped in clusters so that regenerative Ca2+ signals may remain localized to individual clusters, or propagate globally between clusters by successive cycles of Ca2+ diffusion and CICR. We used confocal microscopy and photoreleased IP3 in Xenopus oocytes to study how these properties are modulated by mobile cytosolic Ca2+ buffers. EGTA (a buffer with slow ‘on-rate’) speeded Ca2+ signals and ‘balkanized’ Ca2+ waves by dissociating them into local signals. In contrast, BAPTA (a fast buffer with similar affinity) slowed Ca2+ responses and promoted ‘globalization’ of spatially uniform Ca2+ signals. These actions are likely to arise through differential effects on Ca2+ feedback within and between IP3R clusters, because Ca2+ signals evoked by influx through voltage-gated channels were little affected. We propose that cell-specific expression of Ca2+-binding proteins with distinct kinetics may shape the time course and spatial distribution of IP3-evoked Ca2+ signals for specific physiological roles. PMID:14555715

  4. Minimally invasive fixation in tibial plateau fractures using an pre-operative and intra-operative real size 3D printing.

    PubMed

    Giannetti, Silvio; Bizzotto, Nicola; Stancati, Andrea; Santucci, Attilio

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of our study was to compare the outcome after minimally invasive reconstruction and internal fixation with and without the use of pre- and intra-operative real size 3D printing for patients with displaced tibial plateau fractures (TPFs). We prospectively followed up 40 consecutive adult patients with closed TPF who underwent surgical treatment of reconstruction of the tibial plateau with the use of minimally invasive fixation. Sixteen patients (group 1) were operated using a pre-operative and intra-operative real size 3D-model, while 24 patients (group 2) were operated without 3D-model printing, but using only pre-operative and intra-operative 3D Tc-scan images. The mean operating time was 148.2±15.9min for group 1 and 174.5±22.2min for group 2 (p=0.041). In addition, the mean intraoperative blood loss was less in group 1 (520mL) than in group 2 (546mL) (p=0.534). After discharge, all patients were followed up at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 6 months, 1year and then every year post surgically and radiographic evaluation was carried out each time using clinical and radiological Rasmussen's score, with no significant differences between the two groups. Two patients (group 2) developed infection which resolved within 3 weeks after usage of antibiotics. Neither superficial nor deep infections were present in group 1. In all patients, no non-union occurred. No intraoperative, perioperative, or postoperative complications, such as loss of valgus correction, bone fractures, or metallic plate failures were detected at follow-up. In patients operated with the use of 3D-model printing, we found a significant reduction in surgical time. Moreover, the technique without a 3D-model increased the patient's and the surgeon's exposure to radiation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Safety of preoperative ibuprofen in pediatric tonsillectomy.

    PubMed

    Michael, Alexander; Buchinsky, Farrel J; Isaacson, Glenn

    2018-05-14

    Oral ibuprofen is believed to be safe and effective after pediatric adenotonsillectomy. There has been little study of its use as a preoperative analgesic. We attempt to document its safety in this setting. Individual case control study. Children who underwent tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy from January 2013 to December 2015 did not receive preoperative ibuprofen. Those who underwent tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy from January 2016 to December 2017 received oral ibuprofen 7 mg/kg preoperatively. Pre- and postoperative records were reviewed. Intraoperative bleeding > 50 mL or early postoperative bleeding requiring surgical control were outcome measures. Delayed bleeding events were also recorded. A total of 217 children met inclusion criteria. Of those, 112 patients did not receive preoperative ibuprofen, and 105 patients did receive preoperative ibuprofen. Mean age was 8.7 years (range: 1-18) in the control/non-ibuprofen cohort and 8.3 years (range: 1-18) in the ibuprofen cohort. No child experienced significant intraoperative or early postoperative bleeding in the non-ibuprofen (95% confidence interval [CI] 0-0.027) or in the ibuprofen cohort (95% CI 0- 0.029). Delayed bleeding rates were similar in both groups. In this series, children treated with preoperative ibuprofen did not experience increased bleeding during or soon after tonsillectomy compared to controls. Pain control was not studied in these patients. These favorable safety data argue for a future prospective randomized study of preoperative ibuprofen's effectiveness in reducing pain and opioid requirement after pediatric tonsillectomy. 3B. Laryngoscope, 2018. © 2018 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  6. Ca2+-driven intestinal HCO(3)(-) secretion and CaCO3 precipitation in the European flounder in vivo: influences on acid-base regulation and blood gas transport.

    PubMed

    Cooper, Christopher A; Whittamore, Jonathan M; Wilson, Rod W

    2010-04-01

    Marine teleost fish continuously ingest seawater to prevent dehydration and their intestines absorb fluid by mechanisms linked to three separate driving forces: 1) cotransport of NaCl from the gut fluid; 2) bicarbonate (HCO(3)(-)) secretion and Cl(-) absorption via Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange fueled by metabolic CO(2); and 3) alkaline precipitation of Ca(2+) as insoluble CaCO(3), which aids H(2)O absorption). The latter two processes involve high rates of epithelial HCO(3)(-) secretion stimulated by intestinal Ca(2+) and can drive a major portion of water absorption. At higher salinities and ambient Ca(2+) concentrations the osmoregulatory role of intestinal HCO(3)(-) secretion is amplified, but this has repercussions for other physiological processes, in particular, respiratory gas transport (as it is fueled by metabolic CO(2)) and acid-base regulation (as intestinal cells must export H(+) into the blood to balance apical HCO(3)(-) secretion). The flounder intestine was perfused in vivo with salines containing 10, 40, or 90 mM Ca(2+). Increasing the luminal Ca(2+) concentration caused a large elevation in intestinal HCO(3)(-) production and excretion. Additionally, blood pH decreased (-0.13 pH units) and plasma partial pressure of CO(2) (Pco(2)) levels were elevated (+1.16 mmHg) at the highest Ca perfusate level after 3 days of perfusion. Increasing the perfusate [Ca(2+)] also produced proportional increases in net acid excretion via the gills. When the net intestinal flux of all ions across the intestine was calculated, there was a greater absorption of anions than cations. This missing cation flux was assumed to be protons, which vary with an almost 1:1 relationship with net acid excretion via the gill. This study illustrates the intimate link between intestinal HCO(3)(-) production and osmoregulation with acid-base balance and respiratory gas exchange and the specific controlling role of ingested Ca(2+) independent of any other ion or overall osmolality in marine

  7. Interfacial Ferromagnetism in LaNiO3/CaMnO3 Superlattices

    SciTech Connect

    Grutter, Alexander J.; Yang, Hao; Kirby, B. J.

    2013-08-01

    We observe interfacial ferromagnetism in superlattices of the paramagnetic metal LaNiO3 and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO3. LaNiO3 exhibits a thickness dependent metal-insulator transition and we find the emergence of ferromagnetism to be coincident with the conducting state of LaNiO3. That is, only superlattices in which the LaNiO3 layers are metallic exhibit ferromagnetism. Using several magnetic probes, we have determined that the ferromagnetism arises in a single unit cell of CaMnO3 at the interface. Together these results suggest that ferromagnetism can be attributed to a double exchange interaction among Mn ions mediated by the adjacent itinerant metal.

  8. Experimental study on the relationship between the mineral production capability and the physiochemical properties in the coproduction of Q phase-3Ca3Al2O3·CaSO4 cement clinker.

    PubMed

    He, Chao; Tian, Chaochao; Li, Gang; Mei, Yahe; Zhang, Quanguo; Jiao, Youzhou

    2018-01-01

    A coproduction tests of quaternary (Q) phase(6CaO·4Al2O3·MgO·SiO2) -3Ca3Al2O3·CaSO4 cement clinker and an experimental study on the relationship between the mineral production capability and the physiochemical properties are conducted in a two-stage multiphase reaction test bed with Changguang coal. X-ray diffractometer (XRD) analyses are performed on the coproduction clinker samples. The results demonstrate that, with the reduction in particle sizes of the coal powder and the additives and expanded screening level differences between them, both the proportion of Q phase and the mass of 3Ca3Al2O3·CaSO4 in the clinker increase accordingly. When mixed coal powder particles are prepared through reducing particle sizes and expanding screening level differences between coal powder and additives, the additives CaO and MgO are more likely to be enclosed by coal powder to form globular polymerized particles. In addition, this preparation aids in polymerization and promotes even distribution of CaO, MgO and coal minerals, thus facilitating clinker mineral formation reactions of inorganic substances in the mixed coal powder. Target minerals, such as 2CaO·SiO2 and Q phase, are found in both industrial high-calcium limestone and low-calcium limestone coproduction clinker samples. A diffraction peak of free CaO is also evident in both samples. Compared with a coproduction clinker sample of high-calcium limestone, that of low-calcium limestone exhibits higher diffraction peaks for 2CaO·SiO2 and Q phase. With the current state of the art, it is not yet the optimum choice to substitute CaCO3 for CaO in Q-phase cement clinker coproduction. Before the technology matures and gains practical application, further study on the form and the mixing process of calcium-based additives for cement clinker coproduction will be required.

  9. Experimental study on the relationship between the mineral production capability and the physiochemical properties in the coproduction of Q phase-3Ca3Al2O3·CaSO4 cement clinker

    PubMed Central

    Tian, Chaochao; Li, Gang; Mei, Yahe; Zhang, Quanguo; Jiao, Youzhou

    2018-01-01

    A coproduction tests of quaternary (Q) phase(6CaO·4Al2O3·MgO·SiO2) -3Ca3Al2O3·CaSO4 cement clinker and an experimental study on the relationship between the mineral production capability and the physiochemical properties are conducted in a two-stage multiphase reaction test bed with Changguang coal. X-ray diffractometer (XRD) analyses are performed on the coproduction clinker samples. The results demonstrate that, with the reduction in particle sizes of the coal powder and the additives and expanded screening level differences between them, both the proportion of Q phase and the mass of 3Ca3Al2O3·CaSO4 in the clinker increase accordingly. When mixed coal powder particles are prepared through reducing particle sizes and expanding screening level differences between coal powder and additives, the additives CaO and MgO are more likely to be enclosed by coal powder to form globular polymerized particles. In addition, this preparation aids in polymerization and promotes even distribution of CaO, MgO and coal minerals, thus facilitating clinker mineral formation reactions of inorganic substances in the mixed coal powder. Target minerals, such as 2CaO·SiO2 and Q phase, are found in both industrial high-calcium limestone and low-calcium limestone coproduction clinker samples. A diffraction peak of free CaO is also evident in both samples. Compared with a coproduction clinker sample of high-calcium limestone, that of low-calcium limestone exhibits higher diffraction peaks for 2CaO·SiO2 and Q phase. With the current state of the art, it is not yet the optimum choice to substitute CaCO3 for CaO in Q-phase cement clinker coproduction. Before the technology matures and gains practical application, further study on the form and the mixing process of calcium-based additives for cement clinker coproduction will be required. PMID:29634732

  10. Alcohol Withdrawal-Induced Seizure Susceptibility is Associated with an Upregulation of CaV1.3 Channels in the Rat Inferior Colliculus

    PubMed Central

    Akinfiresoye, Luli R.; Allard, Joanne S.; Lovinger, David M.

    2015-01-01

    Background: We previously reported increased current density through L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ (CaV1) channels in inferior colliculus (IC) neurons during alcohol withdrawal. However, the molecular correlate of this increased CaV1 current is currently unknown. Methods: Rats received three daily doses of ethanol every 8 hours for 4 consecutive days; control rats received vehicle. The IC was dissected at various time intervals following alcohol withdrawal, and the mRNA and protein levels of the CaV1.3 and CaV1.2 α1 subunits were measured. In separate experiments, rats were tested for their susceptibility to alcohol withdrawal–induced seizures (AWS) 3, 24, and 48 hours after alcohol withdrawal. Results: In the alcohol-treated group, AWS were observed 24 hours after withdrawal; no seizures were observed at 3 or 48 hours. No seizures were observed at any time in the control-treated rats. Compared to control-treated rats, the mRNA level of the CaV1.3 α1 subunit was increased 1.4-fold, 1.9-fold, and 1.3-fold at 3, 24, and 48 hours, respectively. In contrast, the mRNA level of the CaV1.2 α1 subunit increased 1.5-fold and 1.4-fold at 24 and 48 hours, respectively. At 24 hours, Western blot analyses revealed that the levels of the CaV1.3 and CaV1.2 α1 subunits increased by 52% and 32%, respectively, 24 hours after alcohol withdrawal. In contrast, the CaV1.2 and CaV1.3 α1 subunits were not altered at either 3 or 48 hours during alcohol withdrawal. Conclusions: Expression of the CaV1.3 α1 subunit increased in parallel with AWS development, suggesting that altered L-type CaV1.3 channel expression is an important feature of AWS pathogenesis. PMID:25556199

  11. Enhanced Preoperative Deep Inferior Epigastric Artery Perforator Flap Planning with a 3D-Printed Perforasome Template: Technique and Case Report.

    PubMed

    Chae, Michael P; Hunter-Smith, David J; Rostek, Marie; Smith, Julian A; Rozen, Warren Matthew

    2018-01-01

    Optimizing preoperative planning is widely sought in deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap surgery. One reason for this is that rates of fat necrosis remain relatively high (up to 35%), and that adjusting flap design by an improved understanding of individual perforasomes and perfusion characteristics may be useful in reducing the risk of fat necrosis. Imaging techniques have substantially improved over the past decade, and with recent advances in 3D printing, an improved demonstration of imaged anatomy has become available. We describe a 3D-printed template that can be used preoperatively to mark out a patient's individualized perforasome for flap planning in DIEP flap surgery. We describe this "perforasome template" technique in a case of a 46-year-old woman undergoing immediate unilateral breast reconstruction with a DIEP flap. Routine preoperative computed tomographic angiography was performed, with open-source software (3D Slicer, Autodesk MeshMixer and Cura) and a desktop 3D printer (Ultimaker 3E) used to create a template used to mark intra-flap, subcutaneous branches of deep inferior epigastric artery (DIEA) perforators on the abdomen. An individualized 3D printed template was used to estimate the size and boundaries of a perforasome and perfusion map. The information was used to aid flap design. We describe a new technique of 3D printing a patient-specific perforasome template that can be used preoperatively to infer perforasomes and aid flap design.

  12. Enhanced Preoperative Deep Inferior Epigastric Artery Perforator Flap Planning with a 3D-Printed Perforasome Template: Technique and Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Hunter-Smith, David J.; Rostek, Marie; Smith, Julian A.; Rozen, Warren Matthew

    2018-01-01

    Summary: Optimizing preoperative planning is widely sought in deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap surgery. One reason for this is that rates of fat necrosis remain relatively high (up to 35%), and that adjusting flap design by an improved understanding of individual perforasomes and perfusion characteristics may be useful in reducing the risk of fat necrosis. Imaging techniques have substantially improved over the past decade, and with recent advances in 3D printing, an improved demonstration of imaged anatomy has become available. We describe a 3D-printed template that can be used preoperatively to mark out a patient’s individualized perforasome for flap planning in DIEP flap surgery. We describe this “perforasome template” technique in a case of a 46-year-old woman undergoing immediate unilateral breast reconstruction with a DIEP flap. Routine preoperative computed tomographic angiography was performed, with open-source software (3D Slicer, Autodesk MeshMixer and Cura) and a desktop 3D printer (Ultimaker 3E) used to create a template used to mark intra-flap, subcutaneous branches of deep inferior epigastric artery (DIEA) perforators on the abdomen. An individualized 3D printed template was used to estimate the size and boundaries of a perforasome and perfusion map. The information was used to aid flap design. We describe a new technique of 3D printing a patient-specific perforasome template that can be used preoperatively to infer perforasomes and aid flap design. PMID:29464169

  13. Synaptically evoked Ca2+ release from intracellular stores is not influenced by vesicular zinc in CA3 hippocampal pyramidal neurones.

    PubMed

    Evstratova, Alesya; Tóth, Katalin

    2011-12-01

    The co-release of neuromodulatory substances in combination with classic neurotransmitters such as glutamate and GABA from individual presynaptic nerve terminals has the capacity to dramatically influence synaptic efficacy and plasticity. At hippocampal mossy fibre synapses vesicular zinc is suggested to serve as a cotransmitter capable of regulating calcium release from internal stores in postsynaptic CA3 pyramidal cells. Here we investigated this possibility using combined intracellular ratiometric calcium imaging and patch-clamp recording techniques. In acute hippocampal slices a brief train of mossy fibre stimulation produced a large, delayed postsynaptic Ca(2+) wave that was spatially restricted to the proximal apical dendrites of CA3 pyramidal cells within stratum lucidum. This calcium increase was sensitive to intracellularly applied heparin indicating reliance upon release from internal stores and was triggered by activation of both group I metabotropic glutamate and NMDA receptors. Importantly, treatment of slices with the membrane-impermeant zinc chelator CaEDTA did not influence the synaptically evoked postsynaptic Ca(2+) waves. Moreover, mossy fibre stimulus evoked postsynaptic Ca(2+) signals were not significantly different between wild-type and zinc transporter 3 (ZnT3) knock-out animals. Considered together our data do not support a role for vesicular zinc in regulating mossy fibre evoked Ca(2+) release from CA3 pyramidal cell internal stores.

  14. Synaptically evoked Ca2+ release from intracellular stores is not influenced by vesicular zinc in CA3 hippocampal pyramidal neurones

    PubMed Central

    Evstratova, Alesya; Tóth, Katalin

    2011-01-01

    Abstract The co-release of neuromodulatory substances in combination with classic neurotransmitters such as glutamate and GABA from individual presynaptic nerve terminals has the capacity to dramatically influence synaptic efficacy and plasticity. At hippocampal mossy fibre synapses vesicular zinc is suggested to serve as a cotransmitter capable of regulating calcium release from internal stores in postsynaptic CA3 pyramidal cells. Here we investigated this possibility using combined intracellular ratiometric calcium imaging and patch-clamp recording techniques. In acute hippocampal slices a brief train of mossy fibre stimulation produced a large, delayed postsynaptic Ca2+ wave that was spatially restricted to the proximal apical dendrites of CA3 pyramidal cells within stratum lucidum. This calcium increase was sensitive to intracellularly applied heparin indicating reliance upon release from internal stores and was triggered by activation of both group I metabotropic glutamate and NMDA receptors. Importantly, treatment of slices with the membrane-impermeant zinc chelator CaEDTA did not influence the synaptically evoked postsynaptic Ca2+ waves. Moreover, mossy fibre stimulus evoked postsynaptic Ca2+ signals were not significantly different between wild-type and zinc transporter 3 (ZnT3) knock-out animals. Considered together our data do not support a role for vesicular zinc in regulating mossy fibre evoked Ca2+ release from CA3 pyramidal cell internal stores. PMID:21986206

  15. Mutations in PIK3CA are infrequent in neuroblastoma

    PubMed Central

    Dam, Vincent; Morgan, Brian T; Mazanek, Pavel; Hogarty, Michael D

    2006-01-01

    Background Neuroblastoma is a frequently lethal pediatric cancer in which MYCN genomic amplification is highly correlated with aggressive disease. Deregulated MYC genes require co-operative lesions to foster tumourigenesis and both direct and indirect evidence support activated Ras signaling for this purpose in many cancers. Yet Ras genes and Braf, while often activated in cancer cells, are infrequent targets for activation in neuroblastoma. Recently, the Ras effector PIK3CA was shown to be activated in diverse human cancers. We therefore assessed PIK3CA for mutation in human neuroblastomas, as well as in neuroblastomas arising in transgenic mice with MYCN overexpressed in neural-crest tissues. In this murine model we additionally surveyed for Ras family and Braf mutations as these have not been previously reported. Methods Sixty-nine human neuroblastomas (42 primary tumors and 27 cell lines) were sequenced for PIK3CA activating mutations within the C2, helical and kinase domain "hot spots" where 80% of mutations cluster. Constitutional DNA was sequenced in cases with confirmed alterations to assess for germline or somatic acquisition. Additionally, Ras family members (Hras1, Kras2 and Nras) and the downstream effectors Pik3ca and Braf, were sequenced from twenty-five neuroblastomas arising in neuroblastoma-prone transgenic mice. Results We identified mutations in the PIK3CA gene in 2 of 69 human neuroblastomas (2.9%). Neither mutation (R524M and E982D) has been studied to date for effects on lipid kinase activity. Though both occurred in tumors with MYCN amplification the overall rate of PIK3CA mutations in MYCN amplified and single-copy tumors did not differ appreciably (2 of 31 versus 0 of 38, respectively). Further, no activating mutations were identified in a survey of Ras signal transduction genes (including Hras1, Kras2, Nras, Pik3ca, or Braf genes) in twenty-five neuroblastic tumors arising in the MYCN-initiated transgenic mouse model. Conclusion These data

  16. A role for CA3 in social recognition memory.

    PubMed

    Chiang, Ming-Ching; Huang, Arthur J Y; Wintzer, Marie E; Ohshima, Toshio; McHugh, Thomas J

    2018-02-02

    Social recognition memory is crucial for survival across species, underlying the need to correctly identify conspecifics, mates and potential enemies. In humans the hippocampus is engaged in social and episodic memory, however the circuit mechanisms of social memory in rodent models has only recently come under scrutiny. Work in mice has established that the dorsal CA2 and ventral CA1 regions play critical roles, however a more comprehensive comparative analyses of the circuits and mechanisms required has not been reported. Here we employ conditional genetics to examine the differential contributions of the hippocampal subfields to social memory. We find that the deletion of NMDA receptor subunit 1 gene (NR1), which abolishes NMDA receptor synaptic plasticity, in CA3 pyramidal cells led to deficits in social memory; however, mice lacking the same gene in DG granule cells performed indistinguishable from controls. Further, we use conditional pharmacogenetic inhibition to demonstrate that activity in ventral, but not dorsal, CA3 is necessary for the encoding of a social memory. These findings demonstrated CA3 pyramidal cell plasticity and transmission contribute to the encoding of social stimuli and help further identify the distinct circuits underlying the role of the hippocampus in social memory. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Phase equilibria, crystal structures, and dielectric anomaly in the BaZrO 3-CaZrO 3 system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levin, Igor; Amos, Tammy G.; Bell, Steven M.; Farber, Leon; Vanderah, Terrell A.; Roth, Robert S.; Toby, Brian H.

    2003-11-01

    Phase equilibria in the (1- x)BaZrO 3- xCaZrO 3 system were analyzed using a combination of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy. The proposed phase diagram features two extended two-phase fields containing mixtures of a Ba-rich cubic phase and a tetragonal, or orthorhombic Ca-rich phase, all having perovskite-related structures. The symmetry differences in the Ca-rich phases are caused by different tilting patterns of the [ZrO 6] octahedra. In specimens quenched from 1650°C, CaZrO 3 dissolves only a few percent of Ba, whereas the solubility of Ca in BaZrO 3 is approximately 30 at% . The BaZrO 3-CaZrO 3 system features at least two tilting phase transitions, Pm3 m→ I4/ mcm and I4/ mcm→ Pbnm. Rietveld refinements of the Ba 0.8Ca 0.2ZrO 3 structure using variable-temperature neutron powder diffraction data confirmed that the Pm3 m→ I4/ mcm transition corresponds to a rotation of octahedra about one of the cubic axes; successive octahedra along this axis rotate in opposite directions. In situ variable-temperature electron diffraction studies indicated that the transition temperature increases with increasing Ca-substitution on the A-sites, from approximately -120°C at 5 at% Ca to 225°C at 20 at% Ca. Dielectric measurements revealed that the permittivity increases monotonically from 36 for BaZrO 3 to 53 for Ba 0.9Ca 0.1ZrO 3, and then decreases to 50 for Ba 0.8Ca 0.2ZrO 3. This later specimen was the Ca-richest composition for which pellets could be quenched from the single-phase cubic field with presently available equipment. Strongly non-monotonic behavior was also observed for the temperature coefficient of resonant frequency; however, in this case, the maximum occurred at a lower Ca concentration, 0.05⩽ x⩽0.1. The non-linear behavior of the dielectric properties was attributed to two competing structural effects: a positive effect associated with substitution of relatively small Ca cations on the A-sites, resulting

  18. Vibrational spectroscopic study of the minerals nekoite Ca3Si6O15·7H2O and okenite Ca10Si18O46·18H2O - Implications for the molecular structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frost, Ray L.; Xi, Yunfei

    2012-08-01

    Nekoite Ca3Si6O15·7H2O and okenite Ca10Si18O46·18H2O are both hydrated calcium silicates found respectively in contact metamorphosed limestone and in association with zeolites from the alteration of basalts. The minerals form two-dimensional infinite sheets with other than six-membered rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings. The two minerals have been characterised by Raman, near-infrared and infrared spectroscopy. The Raman spectrum of nekoite is characterised by two sharp peaks at 1061 and 1092 cm-1 with bands of lesser intensity at 974, 994, 1023 and 1132 cm-1. The Raman spectrum of okenite shows an intense single Raman band at 1090 cm-1 with a shoulder band at 1075 cm-1. These bands are assigned to the SiO stretching vibrations of Si2O5 units. Raman water stretching bands of nekoite are observed at 3071, 3380, 3502 and 3567 cm-1. Raman spectrum of okenite shows water stretching bands at 3029, 3284, 3417, 3531 and 3607 cm-1. NIR spectra of the two minerals are subtly different inferring water with different hydrogen bond strengths. By using a Libowitzky empirical formula, hydrogen bond distances based upon these OH stretching vibrations. Two types of hydrogen bonds are distinguished: strong hydrogen bonds associated with structural water and weaker hydrogen bonds assigned to space filling water molecules.

  19. Preparation of core-shell CaCO3 capsules via Pickering emulsion templates.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiaoli; Zhou, Weizheng; Cao, Jian; Liu, Weichang; Zhu, Shiping

    2012-04-15

    Micron size and food grade pristine CaCO(3) particles were used to stabilize an oil in water Pickering emulsion. The particles also acted as nucleation sites for the subsequent crystallization of CaCO(3) with the addition of CaCl(2) and CO(2) gas as precursors. After the controllable crystallization process, a dense CaCO(3) shell with a few microns in thickness was formed. The CaCO(3) shell was proven to be calcite without the presence of crystallization modifiers. The crystallization speed and the shell integrity were controlled by manipulating the addition of CaCl(2) amount during the different crystallization stages; therefore, the homogeneous nucleation in the bulk was almost inhibited, and the heterogeneous nucleation at the oil-water interface on pristine CaCO(3) particles was the main contribution to the growth of the shell. The encapsulated limonene flavor in CaCO(3) capsules showed a prolonged release in neutral water at 85°C, while a burst release at pH 2 water as expected. The method is a simple and scalable process for creating inorganic core-shell capsules and can be used for producing food grade capsules for controlling the flavor release or masking undesirable taste in mouth. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Preoperative evaluation of hilar vessel anatomy with 3-D computerized tomography in living kidney donors.

    PubMed

    Tombul, S T; Aki, F T; Gunay, M; Inci, K; Hazirolan, T; Karcaaltincaba, M; Erkan, I; Bakkaloglu, A; Yasavul, U; Bakkaloglu, M

    2008-01-01

    Digital subtract angiography is the gold standard for anatomic assessment of renal vasculature for living renal donors. However, multidetector-row computerized tomography (MDCT) is less invasive than digital subtract angiography and provides information of kidney stones and other intra-abdominal organs. In this study, preoperative MDCT angiography results were compared with the peroperative findings to evaluate the accuracy of MDCT for the evaluation of renal anatomy. From December 2002 to May 2007, all 60 consecutive living kidney donors were evaluated with MDCT angiography preoperatively. We reported the number and origin of renal arteries, presence of early branching arteries, and any intrinsic renal artery disease. Renal venous anatomy was evaluated for the presence of accessory, retroaortic, and circumaortic veins using venous phase axial images. The calyces and ureters were assessed with delayed topograms. The results of the MDCT angiography were compared with the peroperative findings. A total of 67 renal arteries were seen peroperatively in 60 renal units. Preoperative MDCT angiography detected 64 of them. The two arteries not detected by MDCT had diameters less than 3 mm. Anatomic variations were present in nine veins, five of which were detected by CT angiography. Sensitivity of MDCT angiography for arteries and veins was 95% and 93%, respectively. Positive predictive values were 100% for both arteries and veins. MDCT angiography offers a less invasive, rapid, and accurate preoperative investigation modality for vascular anatomy in living kidney donors. It also provides sufficient information about extrarenal anatomy important for donor surgery.

  1. Colossal magnetoresistance accompanied with magnetorelaxor behavior in phase-separated Ca1-xCexMnO3 thin films and CaMnO3/Ca0.92Ce0.08MnO3 superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiang, P.-H.; Yamada, H.; Sawa, A.; Akoh, H.

    2010-03-01

    We report on the transport properties of electron-doped manganite Ca1-xCexMnO3 (CCMO, 0≤x≤0.08) films and superlattices composed of insulating layers CaMnO3 (CMO) and Ca0.92Ce0.08MnO3 (CCMO8), deposited on nearly lattice-matched NdAlO3 substrates. The CCMO (x =0.06 and 0.07) films show colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) accompanied with magnetorelaxor behavior, which can be ascribed to the phase separation of canted G-type antiferromagnetic metal and C-type antiferromagnetic insulator. The (CMO)m/(CCMO8)n superlattices with 4≤m, n ≤8 (unit cells) resemble the solid-solution CCMO (x =0.06 and 0.07) films in CMR and magnetorelaxor behavior, suggesting that the phase separation takes place in the superlattices. The CMR and magnetorelaxor behavior of the (CMO)m/(CCMO8)n superlattices strongly depend on the thicknesses of constituent CMO and CCMO8 layers. The origin of the phase separation in the superlattices is discussed in terms of the charge transfer and the phase competition at the interfaces.

  2. Enhancement of the red emission in CaTiO 3:Pr 3+ by addition of rare earth oxides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xianmin; Zhang, Jiahua; Zhang, Xia; Chen, Li; Luo, Yongshi; Wang, Xiao-jun

    2007-02-01

    Enhancement of the 1D 2- 3H 4 red emission of CaTiO 3:Pr 3+ with addition of rare earth oxides Ln 2O 3 (Ln = Lu, La, Gd) is reported. Ca 2+ and Ti 4+ in CaTiO 3 can be substituted by Ln 3+ ions as donors and acceptors, respectively. Ca 2+ and Ti 4+ vacancies, as quenching centers in the host, are effectively suppressed by the self-compensation, leading to the increase of lifetimes and then the emission efficiency of 1D 2. The red fluorescence intensity for CaTiO 3:Pr 3+ phosphor co-doped with 5 mol% Lu 2O 3 is nearly 3 times greater than that of the Lu-free samples.

  3. Structure and electrical properties of intergrowth bismuth layer-structured Bi4Ti3O12-CaBi4Ti4O15 ferroelectric ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Gi Ppeum; Cho, Sam Yeon; Bu, Sang Don

    2016-09-01

    Pb-free ferroelectric Bi4Ti3O12-CaBi4Ti4O15 (BIT-CBT) ceramics were manufactured using a solid-state reaction method. Structural analysis by using X-ray diffraction confirmed the presence of a second phase of Bi2Ti2O7, and the surface depth X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that this phase existed only on the surface. This second phase appears to have been caused by the volatilization of Bi ions at high sintering temperatures. For resolution of the issue of volatilization of Bi ions and manufacture of BIT-CBT ceramics with a single phase, Bi2O3 powder was added to the BIT-CBT mixture, and a powder-bed method, in which pellets were covered with BIT-CBT powder, was used to manufacture the ceramic. The piezoelectric coefficient of the single-phase BIT-CBT ceramics was 12.4 pC/N while the residual polarization and the coercive electric field were 11.3 μC/cm2, and 125 kV/cm, respectively. The results suggest that single-phase BIT-CBT ceramics are suitable for the manufacture of elements incorporating these electrical characteristics.

  4. Economic Value of Dispensing Home-Based Preoperative Chlorhexidine Bathing Cloths to Prevent Surgical Site Infection

    PubMed Central

    Bailey, Rachel R.; Stuckey, Dianna R.; Norman, Bryan A.; Duggan, Andrew P.; Bacon, Kristina M.; Connor, Diana L.; Lee, Ingi; Muder, Robert R.; Lee, Bruce Y.

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To estimate the economic value of dispensing preoperative home-based chlorhexidine bathing cloth kits to orthopedic patients to prevent surgical site infection (SSI). METHODS A stochastic decision-analytic computer simulation model was developed from the hospital’s perspective depicting the decision of whether to dispense the kits preoperatively to orthopedic patients. We varied patient age, cloth cost, SSI-attributable excess length of stay, cost per bed-day, patient compliance with the regimen, and cloth antimicrobial efficacy to determine which variables were the most significant drivers of the model’s outcomes. RESULTS When all other variables remained at baseline and cloth efficacy was at least 50%, patient compliance only had to be half of baseline (baseline mean, 15.3%; range, 8.23%–20.0%) for chlorhexidine cloths to remain the dominant strategy (ie, less costly and providing better health outcomes). When cloth efficacy fell to 10%, 1.5 times the baseline bathing compliance also afforded dominance of the preoperative bath. CONCLUSIONS The results of our study favor the routine distribution of bathing kits. Even with low patient compliance and cloth efficacy values, distribution of bathing kits is an economically beneficial strategy for the prevention of SSI. PMID:21515977

  5. Comparison Of Pre-Operative Curvature With Postoperative Curvature In Root Canals Treated With K-3 Rotary Systems.

    PubMed

    Nagi, Sana Ehsen; Khan, Farhan Raza

    2017-01-01

    With root canal treatment, the organic debris and micro-organisms from pulp space is removed and an ideal canal preparation is achieved that is conducive of hermetic obturation. The purpose of this study was to correlate the pre-operative canal curvature with the postoperative curvature in human extracted teeth prepared with K-3 rotary systems. The root canal preparation was carried out on extracted human molars and premolars using K-3 endodontic rotary files. A pre and post-operative image of the teeth using digital radiograph were taken in order to compare pre and post-operative canal curvature. The images were saved in an images retrieval system (Gendex software, USA). Change in the canal curvature was measured using the software measuring tool (Vixwin software, USA). Student paired t-test and Pearson correlation test was applied at 0.05 level of significance. There is a statistically significant difference between pre-operative and post-operative canal curvature (p-value <0.001) and a strong positive correlation (91% correlation) between pre-operative and post-operative canal curvature in teeth prepared with the K-3 rotary files. A significant difference between pre and post instrumentation curvature was found. Degree of canal curvature was not correlated with time taken for canal preparation.

  6. Extracellular calcium-sensing-receptor (CaR)-mediated opening of an outward K(+) channel in murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells: evidence for expression of a functional CaR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ye, C. P.; Yamaguchi, T.; Chattopadhyay, N.; Sanders, J. L.; Vassilev, P. M.; Brown, E. M.; O'Malley, B. W. (Principal Investigator)

    2000-01-01

    The existence in osteoblasts of the G-protein-coupled extracellular calcium (Ca(o)(2+))-sensing receptor (CaR) that was originally cloned from parathyroid and kidney remains controversial. In our recent studies, we utilized multiple detection methods to demonstrate the expression of CaR transcripts and protein in several osteoblastic cell lines, including murine MC3T3-E1 cells. Although we and others have shown that high Ca(o)(2+) and other polycationic CaR agonists modulate the function of MC3T3-E1 cells, none of these actions has been unequivocally shown to be mediated by the CaR. Previous investigations using neurons and lens epithelial cells have shown that activation of the CaR stimulates Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels. Because osteoblastic cells express a similar type of channel, we have examined the effects of specific "calcimimetic" CaR activators on the activity of a Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel in MC3T3-E1 cells as a way of showing that the CaR is not only expressed in those cells but is functionally active. Patch-clamp analysis in the cell-attached mode showed that raising Ca(o)(2+) from 0.75 to 2.75 mmol/L elicited about a fourfold increase in the open state probability (P(o)) of an outward K(+) channel with a conductance of approximately 92 pS. The selective calcimimetic CaR activator, NPS R-467 (0.5 micromol/L), evoked a similar activation of the channel, while its less active stereoisomer, NPSS-467 (0.5 micromol/L), did not. Thus, the CaR is not only expressed in MC3T3-E1 cells, but is also functionally coupled to the activity of a Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel. This receptor, therefore, could transduce local or systemic changes in Ca(o)(2+) into changes in the activity of this ion channel and related physiological processes in these and perhaps other osteoblastic cells.

  7. 40 CFR 721.10450 - Oxirane, 2-[[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propoxy]methyl]-, reaction products with wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Oxirane, 2-[[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propoxy]methyl]-, reaction products with wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)). (a...)propoxy]methyl]-, reaction products with wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)). 721.10450 Section 721.10450 Protection... oxirane, 2-[[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propoxy]methyl]-, reaction products with wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)) (PMN P-02...

  8. 40 CFR 721.10450 - Oxirane, 2-[[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propoxy]methyl]-, reaction products with wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Oxirane, 2-[[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propoxy]methyl]-, reaction products with wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)). (a...)propoxy]methyl]-, reaction products with wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)). 721.10450 Section 721.10450 Protection... oxirane, 2-[[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propoxy]methyl]-, reaction products with wollastonite (Ca(SiO3)) (PMN P-02...

  9. Lysosomes shape Ins(1,4,5)P3-evoked Ca2+ signals by selectively sequestering Ca2+ released from the endoplasmic reticulum

    PubMed Central

    López-Sanjurjo, Cristina I.; Tovey, Stephen C.; Prole, David L.; Taylor, Colin W.

    2013-01-01

    Summary Most intracellular Ca2+ signals result from opening of Ca2+ channels in the plasma membrane or endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and they are reversed by active transport across these membranes or by shuttling Ca2+ into mitochondria. Ca2+ channels in lysosomes contribute to endo-lysosomal trafficking and Ca2+ signalling, but the role of lysosomal Ca2+ uptake in Ca2+ signalling is unexplored. Inhibition of lysosomal Ca2+ uptake by dissipating the H+ gradient (using bafilomycin A1), perforating lysosomal membranes (using glycyl-L-phenylalanine 2-naphthylamide) or lysosome fusion (using vacuolin) increased the Ca2+ signals evoked by receptors that stimulate inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] formation. Bafilomycin A1 amplified the Ca2+ signals evoked by photolysis of caged Ins(1,4,5)P3 or by inhibition of ER Ca2+ pumps, and it slowed recovery from them. Ca2+ signals evoked by store-operated Ca2+ entry were unaffected by bafilomycin A1. Video-imaging with total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy revealed that lysosomes were motile and remained intimately associated with the ER. Close association of lysosomes with the ER allows them selectively to accumulate Ca2+ released by Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptors. PMID:23097044

  10. Precipitation of CaCO3 due to the Uptake of CO2 in Aqueous Solutions - Mechanisms and Rates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dietzel, M.; Purgstaller, B.; Rinder, T.; Niedermayr, A.

    2012-12-01

    low versus high pH if once a critical IAP is reached. If a drift in pH is permitted the internal Pco2 value can be used as a reliable proxy to evaluate whether uptake of CO2 results in an increase or decrease of IAP with a threshold value of 10-6.15 atm at 25°C (pH ≈ 11). The obtained relationships for CaCO3 formation through CO2 uptake are discussed for selected alkaline environments.

  11. Optical properties of white organic light-emitting devices fabricated utilizing a mixed CaAl12O19:Mn4+ and Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ color conversion layer.

    PubMed

    Jeong, H S; Kim, S H; Lee, K S; Jeong, J M; Yoo, T W; Kwon, M S; Yoo, K H; Kim, T W

    2013-06-01

    White organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) were fabricated by combining a blue OLED with a color conversion layer made of mixed Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ green and Ca2AlO19:Mn4+ red phosphors. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed that Ce3+ ions in the Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphors completely substituted for the Y3+ ions and the Mn4+ ions in the CaAl12O19:Mn4+ phosphors completely substituted for the Ca2+ ions. Electroluminescence spectra at 11 V for the OLEDs fabricated utilizing a color conversion layer showed that the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage coordinates for the Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ and CaAl12O19:Mn4+ phosphors mixed at the ratio of 1:5 and 1:10 were (0.31, 0.34) and (0.32, 0.37), respectively, indicative of a good white color.

  12. Ca2+-driven intestinal HCO3− secretion and CaCO3 precipitation in the European flounder in vivo: influences on acid-base regulation and blood gas transport

    PubMed Central

    Cooper, Christopher A.; Whittamore, Jonathan M.

    2010-01-01

    Marine teleost fish continuously ingest seawater to prevent dehydration and their intestines absorb fluid by mechanisms linked to three separate driving forces: 1) cotransport of NaCl from the gut fluid; 2) bicarbonate (HCO3−) secretion and Cl− absorption via Cl−/HCO3− exchange fueled by metabolic CO2; and 3) alkaline precipitation of Ca2+ as insoluble CaCO3, which aids H2O absorption). The latter two processes involve high rates of epithelial HCO3− secretion stimulated by intestinal Ca2+ and can drive a major portion of water absorption. At higher salinities and ambient Ca2+ concentrations the osmoregulatory role of intestinal HCO3− secretion is amplified, but this has repercussions for other physiological processes, in particular, respiratory gas transport (as it is fueled by metabolic CO2) and acid-base regulation (as intestinal cells must export H+ into the blood to balance apical HCO3− secretion). The flounder intestine was perfused in vivo with salines containing 10, 40, or 90 mM Ca2+. Increasing the luminal Ca2+ concentration caused a large elevation in intestinal HCO3− production and excretion. Additionally, blood pH decreased (−0.13 pH units) and plasma partial pressure of CO2 (Pco2) levels were elevated (+1.16 mmHg) at the highest Ca perfusate level after 3 days of perfusion. Increasing the perfusate [Ca2+] also produced proportional increases in net acid excretion via the gills. When the net intestinal flux of all ions across the intestine was calculated, there was a greater absorption of anions than cations. This missing cation flux was assumed to be protons, which vary with an almost 1:1 relationship with net acid excretion via the gill. This study illustrates the intimate link between intestinal HCO3− production and osmoregulation with acid-base balance and respiratory gas exchange and the specific controlling role of ingested Ca2+ independent of any other ion or overall osmolality in marine teleost fish. PMID:20130227

  13. Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction of sp 3 CaC O 3 at lower mantle pressures

    SciTech Connect

    Lobanov, Sergey S.; Dong, Xiao; Martirosyan, Naira S.

    The exceptional ability of carbon to form sp 2 and sp 3 bonding states leads to a great structural and chemical diversity of carbon-bearing phases at nonambient conditions. Here we use laser-heated diamond-anvil cells combined with synchrotron x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and first-principles calculations to explore phase transitions in CaC O 3 at P > 40 GPa . We find that postaragonite CaC O 3 transforms to the previously predicted P 2 1 / c CaC O 3 with sp 3 -hybridized carbon at 105 GPa ( ~ 30 GPa higher than the theoretically predicted crossovermore » pressure). The lowest-enthalpy transition path to P2 1 / c CaC O 3 includes reoccurring sp 2 and sp 3 CaC O 3 intermediate phases and transition states, as revealed by our variable-cell nudged-elastic-band simulation. Raman spectra of P 2 1 / c CaC O 3 show an intense band at 1025 c m -1 , which we assign to the symmetric C-O stretching vibration based on empirical and first-principles calculations. This Raman band has a frequency that is ~ 20 % low-ymmetric C-O stretching in sp 2 CaC O 3 due to the C-O bond length increase across the sp 2 ~ sp 3 transition and can be used as a fingerprint of tetrahedrally coordinated carbon in other carbonates.« less

  14. Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd : Ca 4YO(BO 3) 3 and Nd : Ca 4GdO(BO 3) 3 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Changqing; Zhang, Huaijin; Meng, Xianlin; Zhu, Li; Chow, Y. T.; Liu, Xuesong; Cheng, Ruiping; Yang, Zhaohe; Zhang, Shaojun; Sun, Lianke

    2000-11-01

    Nd : Ca 4YO(BO 3) 3 (Nd : YCOB) and Nd : Ca 4GdO(BO 3) 3 (Nd : GdCOB) crystals were grown by Czochralski method. Thermal expansion and specific heat of these two crystals were experimentally determined. Their fluorescence spectra were measured within the range from 1000 to 1500 nm. Laser output experiments at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd : YCOB and Nd : GdCOB crystals were performed with a cw Ti : sapphire laser as the pump source.

  15. Tunable Yellow-Red Photoluminescence and Persistent Afterglow in Phosphors Ca4LaO(BO3)3:Eu3+ and Ca4EuO(BO3)3.

    PubMed

    Chen, Zhen; Pan, Yuexiao; Xi, Luqing; Pang, Ran; Huang, Shaoming; Liu, Guokui

    2016-11-07

    In most Eu 3+ activated phosphors, only red luminescence from the 5 D 0 is obtainable, and efficiency is limited by concentration quenching. Herein we report a new phosphor of Ca 4 LaO(BO 3 ) 3 :Eu 3+ (CLBO:Eu) with advanced photoluminescence properties. The yellow luminescence emitted from the 5 D 1,2 states is not thermally quenched at room temperature. The relative intensities of the yellow and red emission bands depend strongly on the Eu 3+ doping concentration. More importantly, concentration quenching of Eu 3+ photoluminescence is absent in this phosphor, and the stoichiometric compound of Ca 4 EuO(BO 3 ) 3 emits stronger luminescence than the Eu 3+ doped compounds of CLBO:Eu; it is three times stronger than that of a commercial red phosphor of Y 2 O 3 :Eu 3+ . Another beneficial phenomenon is that ligand-to-metal charge transfer (CT) transitions occur in the long UV region with the lowest charge transfer band (CTB) stretched down to about 3.67 eV (∼330 nm). The CT transitions significantly enhance Eu 3+ excitation, and thus result in stronger photoluminescence and promote trapping of excitons for persistent afterglow emission. Along with structure characterization, optical spectra and luminescence dynamics measured under various conditions as a function of Eu 3+ doping, temperature, and excitation wavelength are analyzed for a fundamental understanding of electronic interactions and for potential applications.

  16. Band-gap tuning and magnetic properties of heterovalent ions (Ba, Sr and Ca) substituted BiFeO{sub 3} nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Chauhan, Sunil, E-mail: sunilchauhanjiit@gmail.com; Kumar, Manoj; Katyal, S. C.

    2016-05-23

    A Comparative study of heterovalent Ba, Sr and Ca ions substitution on the structural, vibrational, optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO{sub 3} nanoparticles was carried out. The distorted rhombohedral structure was confirmed from both X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy techniques in pure BiFeO{sub 3} and Bi{sub 0.85}A{sub 0.15}FeO{sub 3} (A= Ba, Sr and Ca) samples. UV-Visible spectroscopy results show that the band-gap of BiFeO{sub 3} nanoparticles can be tuned by heterovalent ions substitution from 2.12 eV for BiFeO{sub 3} to 2.10, 2.06 and 2.03 eV for Ca, Sr and Ba substituted BiFeO{sub 3} nanoparticles respectively. The magnetic measurements indicate enhancementmore » in magnetization for heterovalent A{sup 2+} substituted BiFeO{sub 3} samples and the magnetization increases with increase of ionic radius of the substituted ions.« less

  17. Novel CPVT-Associated Calmodulin Mutation in CALM3 (CALM3-A103V) Activates Arrhythmogenic Ca Waves and Sparks

    PubMed Central

    Gomez-Hurtado, Nieves; Boczek, Nicole J.; Kryshtal, Dmytro O.; Johnson, Christopher N.; Sun, Jennifer; Nitu, Florentin R.; Cornea, Razvan L.; Chazin, Walter J.; Calvert, Melissa L.; Tester, David J.; Ackerman, Michael J.; Knollmann, Bjorn C.

    2016-01-01

    Background Calmodulin (CaM) mutations are associated with severe forms of long QT syndrome (LQTS) and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). We recently reported that CaM mutations were found in 13% of genotype-negative LQTS patients, but the prevalence of CaM mutations in genotype-negative CPVT patients is unknown. Here, we identify and characterize CaM mutations in 12 patients with genotype-negative but clinically-diagnosed CPVT. Methods and Results Mutational analysis of CALM1, CALM2 and CALM3 coding regions, in vitro measurement of CaM-Ca2+ (Ca) binding affinity, RyR2-CaM binding, Ca handling, L-type Ca current (LTCC) and action potential duration (APD). We identified a novel CaM mutation – A103V – in CALM3 in 1 of 12 patients (8%), a female who experienced episodes of exertion-induced syncope since age 10, had normal QT interval, and displayed ventricular ectopy during stress testing consistent with CPVT. A103V modestly lowered CaM Ca-binding affinity (3-fold reduction vs WT-CaM), but did not alter CaM binding to RyR2. In permeabilized cardiomyocytes, A103V-CaM (100 nM) promoted spontaneous Ca wave and spark activity, a cellular phenotype of RyR2 activation. Even a 1:3 mixture of A103V-CaM:WT-CaM activated Ca waves, demonstrating functional dominance. Compared to LQTS D96V-CaM, A103V-CaM had significantly less effects on LTCC inactivation and APD, and caused delayed after depolarizations (DADs) and triggered beats in intact cardiomyocytes. Conclusions We discovered a novel CPVT mutation in the CALM3 gene that shares functional characteristics with established CPVT-associated mutations in CALM1. A small proportion of A103V-CaM is sufficient to evoke arrhythmogenic Ca disturbances via RyR2 dysregulation, which explains the autosomal dominant inheritance. PMID:27516456

  18. Differential inhibition of Ca2+ channels in mature rat cerebellar Purkinje cells by sFTX-3.3 and FTX-3.3.

    PubMed

    Dupere, J R; Moya, E; Blagbrough, I S; Usowicz, M M

    1996-01-01

    Synthetic funnel web spider toxin (sFTX-3.3) is a polyamine amide analogue of FTX, a toxin fraction isolated from the venom of the funnel web spider, Agelenopsis aperta, that blocks P-type Ca2+ channels. The structures of these polyamine containing compounds are not identical: sFTX-3.3 contains an amide carbonyl oxygen that is absent from the predicted structure of native FTX. Recently, a compound called FTX-3.3 was synthesized with the structure predicted for native FTX. We have compared the effects of polyamine amide sFTX-3.3 and polyamine FTX-3.3, on Ca2+ channel currents in the soma of mature rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons, in which the predominant Ca2+ channels are defined as P-type. Differential inhibition by sFTX-3.3 and FTX-3.3 revealed three populations of Ca2+ channels. One group, mediating approximately 66% of the current, was blocked by sFTX-3.3 with an IC50 (concentration producing half maximal inhibition) of 33 nM or by FTX-3.3 with an IC50 of 55 pM. A second population (5-25% of the total current) was inhibited by sFTX-3.3 with an IC50 of 33 nM, but was insensitive to FTX-3.3, while a third (10-30%) was blocked by FTX-3.3 with an IC50 of 125 nM and was resistant to sFTX-3.3. These channels also showed distinctive current-voltage relationships. Our results suggest that P-type Ca2+ channels in mature rat cerebellar Purkinje cells may be subdivided according to pharmacological and biophysical properties.

  19. High-temperature properties of (La,Ca)(Fe,Mg,Mo)O3-δ perovskites as prospective electrode materials for symmetrical SOFC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Istomin, S. Ya.; Morozov, A. V.; Abdullayev, M. M.; Batuk, M.; Hadermann, J.; Kazakov, S. M.; Sobolev, A. V.; Presniakov, I. A.; Antipov, E. V.

    2018-02-01

    La1-yCayFe0.5+x(Mg,Mo)0.5-xO3-δ oxides with the orthorhombic GdFeO3-type perovskite structure have been synthesized at 1573 K. Transmission electron microscopy study for selected samples shows the coexistence of domains of perovskite phases with ordered and disordered B-cations. Mössbauer spectroscopy studies performed at 300 K and 573 K show that while compositions with low Ca-content (La0.55Ca0.45Fe0.5Mg0.2625Mo0.2375O3-δ and La0.5Ca0.5Fe0.6Mg0.175Mo0.225O3-δ) are nearly oxygen stoichiometric, La0.2Ca0.8Fe0.5Mg0.2625Mo0.2375O3-δ is oxygen deficient with δ ≈ 0.15. Oxides are stable in reducing atmosphere (Ar/H2, 8%) at 1173 K for 12 h. No additional phases have been observed at XRPD patterns of all studied perovskites and Ce1-xGdxO2-x/2 electrolyte mixtures treated at 1173-1373K, while Fe-rich compositions (x≥0.1) react with Zr1-xYxO2-x/2 electrolyte above 1273 K. Dilatometry studies reveal that all samples show rather low thermal expansion coefficients (TECs) in air of 11.4-12.7 ppm K-1. In reducing atmosphere their TECs were found to increase up to 12.1-15.4 ppm K-1 due to chemical expansion effect. High-temperature electrical conductivity measurements in air and Ar/H2 atmosphere show that the highest conductivity is observed for Fe- and Ca-rich compositions. Moderate values of electrical conductivity and TEC together with stability towards chemical interaction with typical SOFC electrolytes make novel Fe-containing perovskites promising electrode materials for symmetrical solid oxide fuel cell.

  20. Oxaliplatin added to fluorouracil-based preoperative chemoradiotherapy and postoperative chemotherapy of locally advanced rectal cancer (the German CAO/ARO/AIO-04 study): final results of the multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial.

    PubMed

    Rödel, Claus; Graeven, Ullrich; Fietkau, Rainer; Hohenberger, Werner; Hothorn, Torsten; Arnold, Dirk; Hofheinz, Ralf-Dieter; Ghadimi, Michael; Wolff, Hendrik A; Lang-Welzenbach, Marga; Raab, Hans-Rudolf; Wittekind, Christian; Ströbel, Philipp; Staib, Ludger; Wilhelm, Martin; Grabenbauer, Gerhard G; Hoffmanns, Hans; Lindemann, Fritz; Schlenska-Lange, Anke; Folprecht, Gunnar; Sauer, Rolf; Liersch, Torsten

    2015-08-01

    Preoperative chemoradiotherapy with infusional fluorouracil, total mesorectal excision surgery, and postoperative chemotherapy with fluorouracil was established by the German CAO/ARO/AIO-94 trial as a standard combined modality treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer. Here we compare the previously established regimen with an investigational regimen in which oxaliplatin was added to both preoperative chemoradiotherapy and postoperative chemotherapy. In this multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 3 study we randomly assigned patients with rectal adenocarcinoma, clinically staged as cT3-4 or any node-positive disease, to two groups: a control group receiving standard fluorouracil-based combined modality treatment, consisting of preoperative radiotherapy of 50·4 Gy in 28 fractions plus infusional fluorouracil (1000 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 and 29-33), followed by surgery and four cycles of bolus fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 and 29); or to an investigational group receiving preoperative radiotherapy of 50·4 Gy in 28 fractions plus infusional fluorouracil (250 mg/m(2) on days 1-14 and 22-35) and oxaliplatin (50 mg/m(2) on days 1, 8, 22, and 29), followed by surgery and eight cycles of oxaliplatin (100 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 15), leucovorin (400 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 15), and infusional fluorouracil (2400 mg/m(2) on days 1-2 and 15-16). Randomisation was done with computer-generated block-randomisation codes stratified by centre, clinical T category (cT1-3 vs cT4), and clinical N category (cN0 vs cN1-2) without masking. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival, defined as the time between randomisation and non-radical surgery of the primary tumour (R2 resection), locoregional recurrence after R0/1 resection, metastatic disease or progression, or death from any cause, whichever occurred first. Survival and cumulative incidence of recurrence analyses followed the intention-to-treat principle; toxicity analyses included all patients treated. Enrolment of

  1. Value of preoperative esophageal function studies before laparoscopic antireflux surgery.

    PubMed

    Chan, Walter W; Haroian, Laura R; Gyawali, C Prakash

    2011-09-01

    The value of esophageal manometry and ambulatory pH monitoring before laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) has been questioned because tailoring the operation to the degree of hypomotility often is not required. This study evaluated a consecutive cohort of patients referred for esophageal function studies in preparation for LARS to determine the rates of findings that would alter surgical decisions. High-resolution manometry (HRM) was performed for each subject using a 21-lumen water-perfused system, and motor function was characterized. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was evident from ambulatory pH monitoring if thresholds for acid exposure time and/or positive symptom association probability were passed. Of 1,081 subjects (age, 48.4 ± 0.4 years; 56.7% female) undergoing preoperative HRM, 723 (66.9%) also had ambulatory pH testing performed. Lower esophageal sphincter (LES) hypotension (38.9%) and nonspecific spastic disorder (NSSD) of the esophageal body (36.1%) were common. Obstructive LES pathophysiology was noted in 2.5% (achalasia in 1%; incomplete LES relaxation in 1.5%), and significant esophageal body hypomotility in 4.5% (aperistalsis in 3.2%; severe hypomotility in 1.3%) of the subjects. Evidence of GERD was absent in 23.9% of the subjects. Spastic disorders were more frequent in the absence of GERD (43.9% vs. 23.1% with GERD; p < 0.0001), whereas hypomotility and normal patterns were more common with GERD. Findings considered absolute or relative contraindications for standard 360º fundoplication are detected in 1 of 14 patients receiving preoperative HRM. Additionally, spastic findings associated with persistent postoperative symptoms are detected at esophageal function testing that could be used in preoperative counseling and candidate selection. Physiologic testing remains important in the preoperative evaluation of patients being considered for LARS.

  2. Proteomic and physiological analyses reveal the role of exogenous spermidine on cucumber roots in response to Ca(NO3)2 stress.

    PubMed

    Du, Jing; Guo, Shirong; Sun, Jin; Shu, Sheng

    2018-05-01

    The mechanism of exogenous Spd-induced Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress tolerance in cucumber was studied by proteomics and physiological analyses. Protein-protein interaction network revealed 13 key proteins involved in Spd-induced Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress resistance. Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress is one of the major reasons for secondary salinization that limits cucumber plant development in greenhouse. The conferred protective role of exogenous Spd on cucumber in response to Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress cues involves changes at the cellular and physiological levels. To investigate the molecular foundation of exogenous Spd in Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress tolerance, a proteomic approach was performed in our work. After a 9 days period of Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress and/or exogenous Spd, 71 differential protein spots were confidently identified. The resulting proteins were enriched in seven different categories of biological processes, including protein metabolism, carbohydrate and energy metabolism, ROS homeostasis and stress defense, cell wall related, transcription, others and unknown. Protein metabolism (31.2%), carbohydrate and energy metabolism (15.6%), ROS homeostasis and stress defense (32.5%) were the three largest functional categories in cucumber root and most of them were significantly increased by exogenous Spd. The Spd-responsive protein interaction network revealed 13 key proteins, whose accumulation changes could be critical for Spd-induced resistance; all 13 proteins were upregulated by Spd at transcriptional and protein levels in response to Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress. Furthermore, accumulation of antioxidant enzymes, non-enzymatic antioxidant and polyamines, along with reduction of H 2 O 2 and MDA, were detected after exogenous Spd application during Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress. The results of these proteomic and physiological analyses in cucumber root may facilitate a better understanding of the underlying mechanism of Ca(NO 3 ) 2 stress tolerance mediated by exogenous Spd.

  3. BAG3 regulates contractility and Ca(2+) homeostasis in adult mouse ventricular myocytes.

    PubMed

    Feldman, Arthur M; Gordon, Jennifer; Wang, JuFang; Song, Jianliang; Zhang, Xue-Qian; Myers, Valerie D; Tilley, Douglas G; Gao, Erhe; Hoffman, Nicholas E; Tomar, Dhanendra; Madesh, Muniswamy; Rabinowitz, Joseph; Koch, Walter J; Su, Feifei; Khalili, Kamel; Cheung, Joseph Y

    2016-03-01

    Bcl2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3) is a 575 amino acid anti-apoptotic protein that is constitutively expressed in the heart. BAG3 mutations, including mutations leading to loss of protein, are associated with familial cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, BAG3 levels have been found to be reduced in end-stage non-familial failing myocardium. In contrast to neonatal myocytes in which BAG3 is found in the cytoplasm and involved in protein quality control and apoptosis, in adult mouse left ventricular (LV) myocytes BAG3 co-localized with Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and L-type Ca(2+) channels in the sarcolemma and t-tubules. BAG3 co-immunoprecipitated with β1-adrenergic receptor, L-type Ca(2+) channels and phospholemman. To simulate decreased BAG3 protein levels observed in human heart failure, we targeted BAG3 by shRNA (shBAG3) in adult LV myocytes. Reducing BAG3 by 55% resulted in reduced contraction and [Ca(2+)]i transient amplitudes in LV myocytes stimulated with isoproterenol. L-type Ca(2+) current (ICa) and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) content but not Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange current (INaCa) or SR Ca(2+) uptake were reduced in isoproterenol-treated shBAG3 myocytes. Forskolin or dibutyryl cAMP restored ICa amplitude in shBAG3 myocytes to that observed in WT myocytes, consistent with BAG3 having effects upstream and at the level of the receptor. Resting membrane potential and action potential amplitude were unaffected but APD50 and APD90 were prolonged in shBAG3 myocytes. Protein levels of Ca(2+) entry molecules and other important excitation-contraction proteins were unchanged in myocytes with lower BAG3. Our findings that BAG3 is localized at the sarcolemma and t-tubules while modulating myocyte contraction and action potential duration through specific interaction with the β1-adrenergic receptor and L-type Ca(2+) channel provide novel insight into the role of BAG3 in cardiomyopathies and increased arrhythmia risks in heart failure. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights

  4. BAG3 regulates contractility and Ca2+ homeostasis in adult mouse ventricular myocytes

    PubMed Central

    Feldman, Arthur M.; Gordon, Jennifer; Wang, JuFang; Song, Jianliang; Zhang, Xue-Qian; Myers, Valerie D.; Tilley, Douglas G.; Gao, Erhe; Hoffman, Nicholas E.; Tomar, Dhanendra; Madesh, Muniswamy; Rabinowitz, Joseph; Koch, Walter J.; Su, Feifei; Khalili, Kamel; Cheung, Joseph Y.

    2016-01-01

    Bcl2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3) is a 575 amino acid anti-apoptotic protein that is constitutively expressed in the heart. BAG3 mutations, including mutations leading to loss of protein, are associated with familial cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, BAG3 levels have been found to be reduced in end-stage non-familial failing myocardium. In contrast to neonatal myocytes in which BAG3 is found in the cytoplasm and involved in protein quality control and apoptosis, in adult mouse left ventricular (LV) myocytes BAG3 co-localized with Na+-K+-ATPase and L-type Ca2+ channels in the sarcolemma and t-tubules. BAG3 co-immunoprecipitated with β1-adrenergic receptor, L-type Ca2+ channels and phospholemman. To simulate decreased BAG3 protein levels observed in human heart failure, we targeted BAG3 by shRNA (shBAG3) in adult LV myocytes. Reducing BAG3 by 55% resulted in reduced contraction and [Ca2+]i transient amplitudes in LV myocytes stimulated with isoproterenol. L-type Ca2+ current (ICa) and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ content but not Na+/Ca2+ exchange current (INaCa) or SR Ca2+ uptake were reduced in isoproterenol-treated shBAG3 myocytes. Forskolin or dibutyrl cAMP restored ICa amplitude in shBAG3 myocytes to that observed in WT myocytes, consistent with BAG3 having effects upstream and at the level of the receptor. Resting membrane potential and action potential amplitude were unaffected but APD50 and APD90 were prolonged in shBAG3 myocytes. Protein levels of Ca2+ entry molecules and other important excitation-contraction proteins were unchanged in myocytes with lower BAG3. Our findings that BAG3 is localized at the sarcolemma and t-tubules while modulating myocyte contraction and action potential duration through specific interaction with the β1-adrenergic receptor and L-type Ca2+ channel provide novel insight into the role of BAG3 in cardiomyopathies and increased arrhythmia risks in heart failure. PMID:26796036

  5. Hybrid improper ferroelectricity in Ruddlesden-Popper Ca{sub 3}(Ti,Mn){sub 2}O{sub 7} ceramics

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, X. Q., E-mail: xqliu@zju.edu.cn, E-mail: xmchen59@zju.edu.cn; Wu, J. W.; Shi, X. X.

    2015-05-18

    The hybrid improper ferroelectricity (HIF) has been proposed as a promising way to create multiferroic materials with strong magnetoelectric coupling by the first-principle calculation, and the experimental evidences of HIF in Ruddlesden-Poper Ca{sub 3}(Ti{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x}){sub 2}O{sub 7} (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.15) ceramics have been shown in the present work. The room temperature ferroelectric hysteresis loops are observed in these ceramics, and a polar orthorhombic structure with two oxygen tilting modes has been confirmed by the X-ray powder diffraction. A first-order phase transition around 1100 K in Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} was evidenced, and the temperatures of phase transitions decreasemore » linearly with increasing of the contents of Mn{sup 4+} ions. Based on the result of first-principle calculations, the polarization should be reversed by switching through the mediated Amam phase in Ca{sub 3}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} ceramics.« less

  6. Intense green and red upconversion emission of Er3+,Yb3+ co-doped CaZrO3 obtained by a solution combustion reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Vijay; Kumar Rai, Vineet; Haase, Markus

    2012-09-01

    CaZrO3 phosphors co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+ ions have been prepared by the urea combustion route. The formation of the orthorhombic phase of CaZrO3 was confirmed by powder x-ray diffraction. The absorption in the 280-1800 nm region and excitation spectrum corresponding to the emission at 545 nm for CaZrO3:Er3+/CaZrO3:Er3+,Yb3+ phosphors have been recorded. Upon excitation at 978 nm, the material displays strong energy transfer upconversion emission in the green and red spectral regions. The upconversion emission of the CaZrO3:Er3+,Yb3+ co-doped material shows an increased red-to-green ratio, indicating cross relaxation between Er3+ ions.

  7. Efficacy of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization combined with systemic chemotherapy for treatment of unresectable hepatoblastoma in children.

    PubMed

    Hirakawa, Masakazu; Nishie, Akihiro; Asayama, Yoshiki; Fujita, Nobuhiro; Ishigami, Kousei; Tajiri, Tatsurou; Taguchi, Tomoaki; Honda, Hiroshi

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate, retrospectively, the clinical efficacy of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with systemic chemotherapy for unresectable hepatoblastoma. Five boys and three girls (mean age 15.2 months) were treated with preoperative TACE combined with systemic chemotherapy for unresectable hepatoblastomas. Mean tumor diameter and mean alfa-fetoprotein (AFP) level were 11.8 cm and 549,386 ng/mL, respectively. Pretreatment, the extent of disease (PRETEXT) was: II, 1; III, 6; IV, 1. For all patients, preoperative systemic chemotherapy was administered before TACE. At each TACE, carboplatin and adriamycin mixed with iodized oil were infused into the feeding arteries. Tumor response and prognosis after treatment were evaluated. TACE resulted in few Grade 1 adverse effects (AEs), without G3 or more AEs, according to CTACAE 3.0. Mean tumor shrinkage was 60.9%, and the mean AFP decrease from initial levels was 94.8%. In all cases TACE combined with systemic chemotherapy enabled subsequent safe and complete surgical resection. After a mean follow-up of 59 months, tumor-free survival was 75%. Preoperative TACE combined with systemic chemotherapy was effective in inducing surgical resectability of unresectable hepatoblastoma.

  8. Study of the electronic structure and half-metallicity of CaMnO3/BaTiO3 superlattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Kai; Jiang, Wei; Chen, Jun-Nan; Huang, Jian-Qi

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, the electronic structure, magnetic properties and half-metallicity of the CaMnO3/BaTiO3 superlattice are investigated by employing the first-principle calculation based on density functional theory within the GGA or GGA + U exchange-correlation functional. The CaMnO3/BaTiO3 superlattice is constructed by the cubic CaMnO3 and the tetragonal ferroelectric BaTiO3 growing alternately along (0 0 1) direction. The cubic CaMnO3 presents a robust half-metallicity and a metastable ferromagnetic phase. Its magnetic moment is an integral number of 3.000 μB per unit cell. However, the CaMnO3/BaTiO3 superlattice has a stable ferromagnetic phase, for which the magnetic moment is 12.000 μB per unit cell. It also retains the robust half-metallicity which mainly results from the strong hybridization between Mn and O atoms. The results show that the constructed CaMnO3/BaTiO3 superlattice exhibits superior magnetoelectric properties. It may provide a theoretical reference for the design and preparation of new multiferroic materials.

  9. Evaluation of the magnetocaloric response of nano-sized La0.7Ca0.3Mn1-xNixO3 manganites synthesized by auto-combustion method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gómez, Adrián; Chavarriaga, Edgar; Supelano, Iván; Parra, Carlos Arturo; Morán, Oswaldo

    2018-05-01

    A systematic study of the dependence of the magnetization on the magnetic field around the ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition temperature is carried out on La0.7Ca0.3Mn1-xNixO3 (x=0, 0.02, 0.07, and 1) samples synthesized by auto-combustion method. The successful substitution of Mn3+ ions by Ni2+ ions in the La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 lattice is corroborated by X-ray diffraction technique. Banerjees criteria, Arrott plots, and the scaling hypothesis are used to analyze the experimental data. It is verified that the Ni-doping increases the operating temperature range for magnetocaloric effect through tuning of the magnetic transition temperature. Probably, the replacement of Mn3+ by Ni2+ ions in the La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 lattice weakens the Mn3+-O-Mn4+ double exchange interaction, which leads to a decrease in the transition temperature and magnetic moment in the samples. The Arrott plots suggest that the phase transition from ferromagnetic to paramagnetic in the nano-sized manganite is of second order. The analysis of the magnetization results show that the maximum magnetic entropy changes observed for x=0, 0.02, 0.07, and 0.1 compositions are 0.85, 0.77, 0.63, and 0.59 J/kg K, under a magnetic field of 1.5 T. These values indicate that the magnetic entropy change achieved for La0.7Ca0.3Mn1-xNixO3 manganites synthesized by auto-combustion method is higher than those reported for other manganites with comparable Ni-doping levels but synthesized by standard solid state reaction. It is also observed that the addition of Ni2+ increases the value of the relative cooling power as compared to that of the parent compound. The highest value of this parameter (˜60 J/kg) is found for a Ni-doping level of 2 % around 230 K in a field of 1.5 T.

  10. First-principles molecular dynamics simulation of the Ca 2UO 2(CO 3) 3 complex in water

    DOE PAGES

    Priest, Chad; Tian, Ziqi; Jiang, De-en

    2016-01-22

    Recent experiments have shown that the neutral Ca 2UO 2(CO 3) 3 complex is the dominant species of uranium in many uranyl-containing streams. However, the structure and solvation of such a species in water has not been investigated from first principles. Herein we present a first principles molecular dynamics perspective of the Ca 2UO 2(CO 3) 3 complex in water based on density functional theory and Born–Oppenheimer approximation. We find that the Ca 2UO 2(CO 3) 3 complex is very stable in our simulation timeframe for three different concentrations considered and that the key distances from our simulation are inmore » good agreement with the experimental data from extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. More important, we find that the two Ca ions bind differently in the complex, as a result of the hydrogen-bonding network around the whole complex. Furthermore, this finding invites confirmation from time-resolved EXAFS and has implications in understanding the dissociative equilibrium of the Ca 2UO 2(CO 3) 3 complex in water.« less

  11. Calcite phase determination of CaCO3 nanoparticles synthesized by one step drying method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sulimai, N. H.; Rani, Rozina Abdul; Khusaimi, Z.; Abdullah, S.; Salifairus, M. J.; Alrokayan, Salman; Khan, Haseeb; Rusop, M.

    2018-05-01

    Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) is a type of carbonic salt. It exist naturally as white odourless solid and may also be synthesized by chemical reactions. This work studies one-step precipitation of CaCO3 that was prepared by novel method of one-step precipitation method. The method was then proceeded by different types of drying. The first type is by normal drying in oven whereas the second type is with the presence of hydrothermal influence. From the results, precipitated CaCO3 dried by normal drying method produces CaCO3 with two polymorphs present; calcite and vaterite. Normal drying at 500°C has no vaterite phase left. Drying by hydrothermal precipitated CaCO3 has Nitrogen (N) left on the surfaces of the precipitated CaCO3. This work successfully identified calcite phase in the precipitated CaCO3.

  12. Multicenter Comparison of Roche COBAS AMPLICOR MONITOR Version 1.5, Organon Teknika NucliSens QT with Extractor, and Bayer Quantiplex Version 3.0 for Quantification of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 RNA in Plasma

    PubMed Central

    Murphy, Donald G.; Côté, Louise; Fauvel, Micheline; René, Pierre; Vincelette, Jean

    2000-01-01

    The performance and characteristics of Roche COBAS AMPLICOR HIV-1 MONITOR version 1.5 (CA MONITOR 1.5) UltraSensitive (usCA MONITOR 1.5) and Standard (stCA MONITOR 1.5) procedures, Organon Teknika NucliSens HIV-1 RNA QT with Extractor (NucliSens), and Bayer Quantiplex HIV RNA version 3.0 (bDNA 3.0) were compared in a multicenter trial. Samples used in this study included 460 plasma specimens from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 (HIV-1)-infected persons, 100 plasma specimens from HIV antibody (anti-HIV)-negative persons, and culture supernatants of HIV-1 subtype A to E isolates diluted in anti-HIV-negative plasma. Overall, bDNA 3.0 showed the least variation in RNA measures upon repeat testing. For the Roche assays, usCA MONITOR 1.5 displayed less variation in RNA measures than stCA MONITOR 1.5. NucliSens, at an input volume of 2 ml, showed the best sensitivity. Deming regression analysis indicated that the results of all three assays were significantly correlated (P < 0.0001). However, the mean difference in values between CA MONITOR 1.5 and bDNA 3.0 (0.274 log10 RNA copies/ml; 95% confidence interval, 0.192 to 0.356) was significantly different from 0, indicating that CA MONITOR 1.5 values were regularly higher than bDNA 3.0 values. Upon testing of 100 anti-HIV-negative plasma specimens, usCA MONITOR 1.5 and NucliSens displayed 100% specificity, while bDNA 3.0 showed 98% specificity. NucliSens quantified 2 of 10 non-subtype B viral isolates at 1 log10 lower than both CA MONITOR 1.5 and bDNA 3.0. For NucliSens, testing of specimens with greater than 1,000 RNA copies/ml at input volumes of 0.1, 0.2, and 2.0 ml did not affect the quality of results. Additional factors differing between assays included specimen throughput and volume requirements, limit of detection, ease of execution, instrument work space, and costs of disposal. These characteristics, along with assay performance, should be considered when one is selecting a viral load assay. PMID:11060065

  13. Superconducting ceramics in the Bi1.5SrCaCu2O sub x system by melt quenching technique

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bansal, Narottam P.; Deguire, Mark R.

    1989-01-01

    Bi sub 1.5 SrCaCu sub 2 O sub x has been prepared in the glassy state by rapid quenching of the melt. The kinetics of crystallization of various phases in the glass have been evaluated by a variable heating rate differential scanning calorimetry method. The formation various phases on thermal treatments of the glass has been investigated by powder X-ray diffraction and electrical resistivity measurements. Heating at 450 C formed Bi sub 2 Sr sub 2 CuO sub 6, which disappeared on further heating at 765 C, where Bi sub 2 Sr sub 2 CaCu sub 2 O sub 8 formed. Prolonged heating at 845 C resulted in the formation of a small amount of a phase with T sub c onset of approx. 108 K, believed to be Bi sub 2 Sr sub 2 Ca sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 10. This specimen showed zero resistivity at 54 K. The glass ceramic approach could offer several advantages in the fabrication of the high-T sub c superconductors in desired practical shapes such as continuous fibers, wires, tapes, etc.

  14. Preoperative evaluation of renal anatomy and renal masses with helical CT, 3D-CT and 3D-CT angiography.

    PubMed

    Toprak, Uğur; Erdoğan, Aysun; Gülbay, Mutlu; Karademir, Mehmet Alp; Paşaoğlu, Eşref; Akar, Okkeş Emrah

    2005-03-01

    The aim of this prospective study was to determine the efficacy of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) and three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D-CTA) that were reconstructed by using the axial images of the multiphasic helical CT in the preoperative evaluation of renal masses and demonstration of renal anatomy. Twenty patients that were suspected of having renal masses upon initial physical examination and ultrasonographic evaluation were examined through multiphasic helical CT. Two authors executed CT evaluations. Axial images were first examined and then used to reconstruct 3D-CT and 3D- CTA images. Number, location and size of the renal masses and other findings were noted. Renal vascularization and relationships of the renal masses with the neighboring renal structures were further investigated with 3D-CT and 3D-CTA images. Out of 20 patients, 13 had histopathologically proven renal cell carcinoma. The diagnoses of the remaining seven patients were xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, abscess, simple cyst, infected cyst, angiomyolipoma, oncocytoma and arteriovenous fistula. In the renal cell carcinoma group, 3 patients had stage I, 7 patients had stage II, and 3 patients had stage III disease. Sizes of renal cell carcinoma masses were between 23 mm to 60 mm (mean, 36 mm). Vascular invasion was shown in 2 renal cell carcinoma patients. Collecting system invasion was identified in 11 of 13 renal cell patients. These radiologic findings were confirmed with surgical specimens. Three-dimensional CT and 3D-CTA are non-invasive, effective imaging techniques for the preoperative evaluation of renal masses.

  15. Endothelial SK(Ca) and IK(Ca) channels regulate brain parenchymal arteriolar diameter and cortical cerebral blood flow.

    PubMed

    Hannah, Rachael M; Dunn, Kathryn M; Bonev, Adrian D; Nelson, Mark T

    2011-05-01

    Calcium-sensitive potassium (K(Ca)) channels have been shown to modulate the diameter of cerebral pial arteries; however, little is known regarding their roles in controlling cerebral parenchymal arterioles (PAs). We explored the function and cellular distribution of small-conductance (SK(Ca)) and intermediate-conductance (IK(Ca)) K(Ca) channels and large-conductance K(Ca) (BK(Ca)) channels in endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of PAs. Both SK(Ca) and IK(Ca) channels conducted the outward current in isolated PA ECs (current densities, ~20 pA/pF and ~28 pA/pF at +40 mV, respectively), but these currents were not detected in PA SMCs. In contrast, BK(Ca) currents were prominent in PA SMCs (~154 pA/pF), but were undetectable in PA ECs. Pressurized PAs constricted to inhibition of SK(Ca) (~16%) and IK(Ca) (~16%) channels, but were only modestly affected by inhibition of BK(Ca) channels (~5%). Blockade of SK(Ca) and IK(Ca) channels decreased resting cortical cerebral blood flow (CBF) by ~15%. NS309 (6,7-dichloro-1H-indole-2,3-dione3-oxime), a SK(Ca)/IK(Ca) channel opener, hyperpolarized PA SMCs by ~27 mV, maximally dilated pressurized PAs, and increased CBF by ~40%. In conclusion, these data show that SK(Ca) and IK(Ca) channels in ECs profoundly modulate PA tone and CBF, whereas BK(Ca) channels in SMCs only modestly influence PA diameter.

  16. Significance of KRAS, NRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA mutations in metastatic colorectal cancer patients receiving Bevacizumab: a single institution experience

    PubMed Central

    Baltruškevičienė, Edita; Mickys, Ugnius; Žvirblis, Tadas; Stulpinas, Rokas; Pipirienė Želvienė, Teresė; Aleknavičius, Eduardas

    2016-01-01

    Background. KRAS mutation is an important predictive and prognostic factor for patients receiving anti-EGFR therapy. An expanded KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA mutation analysis provides additional prognostic information, but its role in predicting bevacizumab efficacy is unclear. The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of KRAS, NRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA mutations in metastatic colorectal cancer patients receiving first line oxaliplatin based chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab and to evaluate their prognostic and predictive significance. Methods. 55 patients with the first-time diagnosed CRC receiving FOLFOX ± bevacizumab were involved in the study. Tumour blocks were tested for KRAS mutations in exons 2, 3 and 4, NRAS mutations in exons 2, 3 and 4, BRAF mutation in exon 15 and PIK3CA mutations in exons 9 and 20. The association between mutations and clinico-pathological factors, treatment outcomes and survival was analyzed. Results. KRAS mutations were detected in 67.3% of the patients, BRAF in 1.8%, PIK3CA in 5.5% and there were no NRAS mutations. A significant association between the high CA 19–9 level and KRAS mutation was detected (mean CA 19–9 levels were 276 and 87 kIU/l, respectively, p = 0.019). There was a significantly higher response rate in the KRAS, NRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA wild type cohort receiving bevacizumab compared to any gene mutant type (100 and 60%, respectively, p = 0.030). The univariate Cox regression analysis did not confirm KRAS and other tested mutations as prognostic factors for PFS or OS. Conclusions. Our study revealed higher KRAS and lower NRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA mutation rates in the Lithuanian population than those reported in the literature. KRAS mutation was associated with the high CA 19–9 level and mucinous histology type, but did not show any predictive or prognostic significance. The expanded KRAS, NRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA mutation analysis provided additional significant predictive information. PMID:28356789

  17. Modulation of voltage- and Ca2+-dependent gating of CaV1.3 L-type calcium channels by alternative splicing of a C-terminal regulatory domain.

    PubMed

    Singh, Anamika; Gebhart, Mathias; Fritsch, Reinhard; Sinnegger-Brauns, Martina J; Poggiani, Chiara; Hoda, Jean-Charles; Engel, Jutta; Romanin, Christoph; Striessnig, Jörg; Koschak, Alexandra

    2008-07-25

    Low voltage activation of Ca(V)1.3 L-type Ca(2+) channels controls excitability in sensory cells and central neurons as well as sinoatrial node pacemaking. Ca(V)1.3-mediated pacemaking determines neuronal vulnerability of dopaminergic striatal neurons affected in Parkinson disease. We have previously found that in Ca(V)1.4 L-type Ca(2+) channels, activation, voltage, and calcium-dependent inactivation are controlled by an intrinsic distal C-terminal modulator. Because alternative splicing in the Ca(V)1.3 alpha1 subunit C terminus gives rise to a long (Ca(V)1.3(42)) and a short form (Ca(V)1.3(42A)), we investigated if a C-terminal modulatory mechanism also controls Ca(V)1.3 gating. The biophysical properties of both splice variants were compared after heterologous expression together with beta3 and alpha2delta1 subunits in HEK-293 cells. Activation of calcium current through Ca(V)1.3(42A) channels was more pronounced at negative voltages, and inactivation was faster because of enhanced calcium-dependent inactivation. By investigating several Ca(V)1.3 channel truncations, we restricted the modulator activity to the last 116 amino acids of the C terminus. The resulting Ca(V)1.3(DeltaC116) channels showed gating properties similar to Ca(V)1.3(42A) that were reverted by co-expression of the corresponding C-terminal peptide C(116). Fluorescence resonance energy transfer experiments confirmed an intramolecular protein interaction in the C terminus of Ca(V)1.3 channels that also modulates calmodulin binding. These experiments revealed a novel mechanism of channel modulation enabling cells to tightly control Ca(V)1.3 channel activity by alternative splicing. The absence of the C-terminal modulator in short splice forms facilitates Ca(V)1.3 channel activation at lower voltages expected to favor Ca(V)1.3 activity at threshold voltages as required for modulation of neuronal firing behavior and sinoatrial node pacemaking.

  18. PIK3CA mutant tumors depend on oxoglutarate dehydrogenase | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Cancer.gov

    Oncogenic PIK3CA mutations are found in a significant fraction of human cancers, but therapeutic inhibition of PI3K has only shown limited success in clinical trials. To understand how mutant PIK3CA contributes to cancer cell proliferation, we used genome scale loss-of-function screening in a large number of genomically annotated cancer cell lines. As expected, we found that PIK3CA mutant cancer cells require PIK3CA but also require the expression of the TCA cycle enzyme 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH).

  19. Ferromagnetic and photocatalytic behaviors observed in Ca-doped BiFeO3 nanofibres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, Yan-Nan; Wang, Huan-Chun; Luo, Yi-Dong; Shen, Yang; Lin, Yuan-Hua

    2013-04-01

    Ca-doped BiFeO3 nanofibres have been fabricated by electrospinning method. Our results indicate that phase transition from space group R3c to C222 can be observed by the Ca doping. These BiFeO3 nanofibres show obvious room temperature ferromagnetic behaviors, and saturation magnetization can be enhanced with the Ca-doping concentration increasing, which could be correlated with the variation of the ratio of Fe2+/Fe3+ valence state. The BiFeO3 nanofibres show obvious photocatalytic performance and can be improved by the Ca-doping.

  20. Influence of nickel doping on oxygen-ionic conductivity of the n = 1 Ruddlesden-Popper Phases La{sub 1.85}Ca{sub 0.15}(Cu{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 4−δ} (δ = 0.0905)

    SciTech Connect

    Midouni, Adnene; Université de Tunis El Manar, Campus Universitaire Farhat Hached, B.P. No 94- Rommana, 1068 Tunis; Houchati, Mohamed Ikbal, E-mail: ikb_med@yahoo.fr

    2016-08-15

    The results of the synthesis and characterization of the optimally doped La{sub 1.85}Ca{sub 0.15}(Cu{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 4-δ} solid solution with x = 0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 are reported. The versatility of these La{sub 1.85}Ca{sub 0.15}(Cu{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 4−δ} materials is explained on the basis of structural features and the ability to accommodate oxygen nonstoichiometry. According to powder X-ray and neutron diffraction data, La{sub 1.85}Ca{sub 0.15}(Cu{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 4−δ} adopts the tetragonal structure with oxygen vacancies occurring preferentially at the O{sub ap} sites within the {(La/Ca)O} layers of the perovskite blocks and the oxygen deviation from stoichiometry δ was foundmore » to be δ=0.0905(6). The bulk conductivity indicated an Arrhenius-type thermally activated process and oxygen vacancies are the possible ionic charge carriers at T=270 °C. An increase of the conductivity was detected when Ni was introduced. With nickel ratio variation, a strong correlation was observed between the Cu(Ni)-O{sub ap} apical bond length variation and the conductivity variation through controlling the O{sup 2−} ion migration. - Highlights: • We report the synthesis and structure of the La{sub 1.85}Ca{sub 0.15}(Cu{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 4−δ} (0≤x≤0.3; δ=0.0905) compounds. • La{sub 1.85}Ca{sub 0.15}(Cu{sub 1−x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 4−δ} (x=0.0, 0.2, 0.3) doped with Ni{sup 2+} have a higher conductivity than undoped La{sub 1.85}Ca{sub 0.15}CuO{sub 4−δ}. • At T=270 °C, sample x=0.3 has the highest conductivity (0.2915 sm{sup −1}).« less

  1. Synthesis and structural characterization of the Zintl phases Na{sub 3}Ca{sub 3}TrPn{sub 4}, Na{sub 3}Sr{sub 3}TrPn{sub 4}, and Na{sub 3}Eu{sub 3}TrPn{sub 4} (Tr=Al, Ga, In; Pn=P, As, Sb)

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Yi; Suen, Nian-Tzu; College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002

    15 new quaternary Zintl phases have been synthesized by solid-state reactions from the respective elements, and their structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Na{sub 3}E{sub 3}TrPn{sub 4} (E=Ca, Sr, Eu; Tr=Al, Ga, In; Pn=P, As, Sb) crystallize in the hexagonal crystal system with the non-centrosymmetric space group P6{sub 3}mc (No. 186). The structure represents a variant of the K{sub 6}HgS{sub 4} structure type (Pearson index hP22) and features [TrPn{sub 4}]{sup 9–} tetrahedral units, surrounded by Na{sup +} and Ca{sup 2+}, Sr{sup 2+}, Eu{sup 2+} cations. The nominal formula rationalization [Na{sup +}]{sub 3}[E{sup 2+}]{sub 3}[TrPn{sub 4}]{sup 9–} follows themore » octet rule, suggesting closed-shell configurations for all atoms and intrinsic semiconducting behavior. However, structure refinements for several members hint at disorder and mixing of cations that potentially counteract the optimal valence electron count. - Graphical abstract: The hexagonal, non-centrosymmetric structure of Na{sub 3}E{sub 3}TrPn{sub 4} (E=Ca, Sr, Eu; Tr=Al, Ga, In; Pn=P, As, Sb) features [TrPn{sub 4}]{sup 9–} tetrahedral units, surrounded by Na{sup +} and Ca{sup 2+}, Sr{sup 2+}, Eu{sup 2+} cations. - Highlights: • 15 quaternary phosphides, arsenides, and antimonides are synthesized and structurally characterized. • The structure is a variant of the hexagonal K{sub 6}HgS{sub 4}-type, with distinctive pattern for the cations. • Occupational and/or positional disorder of yet unknown origin exists for some members of the series.« less

  2. WE-AB-BRA-09: Registration of Preoperative MRI to Intraoperative Radiographs for Automatic Vertebral Target Localization

    SciTech Connect

    De Silva, T; Uneri, A; Ketcha, M

    Purpose: Accurate localization of target vertebrae is essential to safe, effective spine surgery, but wrong-level surgery occurs with surprisingly high frequency. Recent research yielded the “LevelCheck” method for 3D-2D registration of preoperative CT to intraoperative radiographs, providing decision support for level localization. We report a new method (MR-LevelCheck) to perform 3D-2D registration based on preoperative MRI, presenting a solution for the increasingly common scenario in which MRI (not CT) is used for preoperative planning. Methods: Direct extension of LevelCheck is confounded by large mismatch in image intensity between MRI and radiographs. The proposed method overcomes such challenges with a simplemore » vertebrae segmentation. Using seed points at centroids, vertebrae are segmented using continuous max-flow method and dilated by 1.8 mm to include surrounding cortical bone (inconspicuous in T2w-MRI). MRI projections are computed (analogous to DRR) using segmentation and registered to intraoperative radiographs. The method was tested in a retrospective IRB-approved study involving 11 patients undergoing cervical, thoracic, or lumbar spine surgery following preoperative MRI. Registration accuracy was evaluated in terms of projection-distance-error (PDE) between the true and estimated location of vertebrae in each radiograph. Results: The method successfully registered each preoperative MRI to intraoperative radiographs and maintained desirable properties of robustness against image content mismatch, and large capture range. Segmentation achieved Dice coefficient = 89.2 ± 2.3 and mean-absolute-distance (MAD) = 1.5 ± 0.3 mm. Registration demonstrated robust performance under realistic patient variations, with PDE = 4.0 ± 1.9 mm (median ± iqr) and converged with run-time = 23.3 ± 1.7 s. Conclusion: The MR-LevelCheck algorithm provides an important extension to a previously validated decision support tool in spine surgery by extending its

  3. Mechanical and Morphological Study of Synthesized PMMA/CaCO3 Nano composites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alam Md., Azad; Arif, Sajjad; Ansari, Akhter H.

    2017-08-01

    In this study, Nano-composites have been synthesized in which PMMA is the matrix material and calcium carbonate nanoparticles as the filler by In-situ polymerization reaction. Nano-CaCO3 added during polymerization and the quantity of nano-CaCO3 varied as 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 wt. % of monomer quantity. The Nano-composites were prepared at three distinct stirring speeds 600, 800, 1000 rpm in order to observe the property with respect to stirring speeds. XRD gram depicts that the presence of nano-CaCO3 has given crystalline nature to Nano-composites. The effects of different concentrations of nano-CaCO3 loading on PMMA morphology were studied by using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The mechanical property is increasing with the stirring speed and concentration. Relative to neat PMMA a 62% increase in impact strength were observed in PMMA based Nano-composites using 0.6 wt.% nano-CaCO3.

  4. CA27.29: a valuable marker for breast cancer management. A confirmatory multicentric study on 603 cases.

    PubMed

    Gion, M; Mione, R; Leon, A E; Lüftner, D; Molina, R; Possinger, K; Robertson, J F

    2001-02-01

    Recently, a fully automated method has become commercially available to measure the MUC-1-associated antigen CA27.29. The present investigation was performed in order to compare CA27.29 and CA15.3 in a wide series of patients affected with breast cancer. Overall, 603 cases with breast cancer and 194 healthy controls were investigated. Patients were enrolled in 4 institutions, while assays were performed in one laboratory. CA27.29 was measured by the ACS:180 BR assay (Bayer Diagnostics) and CA15.3 by the AxSYM (Abbott Laboratories). An excellent correlation was found between the results obtained by the two methods. The two markers showed comparable results in healthy controls, with higher levels in post-menopausal than in pre-menopausal subjects. The markers were significantly higher in primary breast cancer than in controls. The areas under the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves of the two tests were comparable, but CA27.29 showed better sensitivity in cases with low antigen concentrations (below the cut-off point). Accordingly, when comparing each test in different stage categories, significance levels of the differences were higher for CA27.29 than for CA15.3 for all T categories versus healthy controls, for pT1 versus pT2, for all N categories versus healthy controls and for node-negative versus N1-3 patients. From the results of the present study, that has been performed on samples taken at diagnosis and prior to any treatment from the widest series of patients with primary breast cancer reported so far, we can draw the following conclusions: CA27.29 provides comparable results to CA15.3; CA27.29 seems more sensitive than CA15.3 to limited variations of tumour extension; however, it cannot help clinicians in distinguishing stage I patients from stage II patients. However, from the point of view of clinical decision making, CA27.29 provides comparable results to CA15.3. CA27.29 is therefore suitable for routine use in the management of patients with

  5. Impact of anthropogenic CO2 on the CaCO3 system in the oceans.

    PubMed

    Feely, Richard A; Sabine, Christopher L; Lee, Kitack; Berelson, Will; Kleypas, Joanie; Fabry, Victoria J; Millero, Frank J

    2004-07-16

    Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations over the past two centuries have led to greater CO2 uptake by the oceans. This acidification process has changed the saturation state of the oceans with respect to calcium carbonate (CaCO3) particles. Here we estimate the in situ CaCO3 dissolution rates for the global oceans from total alkalinity and chlorofluorocarbon data, and we also discuss the future impacts of anthropogenic CO2 on CaCO3 shell-forming species. CaCO3 dissolution rates, ranging from 0.003 to 1.2 micromoles per kilogram per year, are observed beginning near the aragonite saturation horizon. The total water column CaCO3 dissolution rate for the global oceans is approximately 0.5 +/- 0.2 petagrams of CaCO3-C per year, which is approximately 45 to 65% of the export production of CaCO3.

  6. YAG:Er3+, CaF2:Er3+, and Er2O3 Emission Spectra Under Laser and Laser Thermal Excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marchenko, V. M.

    2018-05-01

    Experimental luminescence and selective-emission (SE) spectra of YAG:Er3+ (10 at.%) and CaF2:Er3+ (1 at.%) single crystals and Er2O3 polycrystal under laser and laser thermal excitation of the Er3+-ion multiplets are compared. Luminescence spectra under resonant excitation are determined by multiplet population relaxation with the corresponding radiative and nonradiative probabilities. The form of the SE spectra is determined by the thermal population of the multiplets and the probabilities of only radiative transitions. The SE band at 800 nm (4I9/2 → 4I15/2) is an indicator of high-temperature thermal emission of Er3+ ions. The absence of this band in luminescence spectra is explained by the short lifetime of the τ(4I9/2) level of 53 ns at T = 300 K.

  7. Further characterization of the effect of ethanol on voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel function in developing CA3 hippocampal pyramidal neurons.

    PubMed

    Morton, Russell A; Valenzuela, C Fernando

    2016-02-15

    Developmental ethanol exposure damages the hippocampus, a brain region involved in learning and memory. Alterations in synaptic transmission and plasticity may play a role in this effect of ethanol. We previously reported that acute and repeated exposure to ethanol during the third trimester-equivalent inhibits long-term potentiation of GABAA receptor-dependent synaptic currents in CA3 pyramidal neurons through a mechanism that depends on retrograde release of brain-derived neurotrophic factor driven by activation of voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (Zucca and Valenzuela, 2010). We found evidence indicating that voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels are inhibited in the presence of ethanol, an effect that may play a role in its mechanism of action. Here, we further investigated the acute effect of ethanol on the function of voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels in CA3 pyramidal neurons using Ca(2+) imaging techniques. These experiments revealed that acute ethanol exposure inhibits voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels both in somatic and proximal dendritic compartments. To investigate the long-term consequences of ethanol on voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels, we used patch-clamp electrophysiological techniques to assess the function of L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels during and following ten days of vapor ethanol exposure. During ethanol withdrawal periods, the function of these channels was not significantly affected by vapor chamber exposure. Taken together with our previous findings, our results suggest that 3(rd) trimester-equivalent ethanol exposure transiently inhibits L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel function in CA3 pyramidal neurons and that compensatory mechanisms restore their function during ethanol withdrawal. Transient inhibition of these channels by ethanol may be, in part, responsible for the hippocampal abnormalities associated with developmental exposure to this agent. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. PLCζ Induced Ca2+ Oscillations in Mouse Eggs Involve a Positive Feedback Cycle of Ca2+ Induced InsP3 Formation From Cytoplasmic PIP2

    PubMed Central

    Sanders, Jessica R.; Ashley, Bethany; Moon, Anna; Woolley, Thomas E.; Swann, Karl

    2018-01-01

    Egg activation at fertilization in mammalian eggs is caused by a series of transient increases in the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration, referred to as Ca2+ oscillations. It is widely accepted that these Ca2+ oscillations are initiated by a sperm derived phospholipase C isoform, PLCζ that hydrolyses its substrate PIP2 to produce the Ca2+ releasing messenger InsP3. However, it is not clear whether PLCζ induced InsP3 formation is periodic or monotonic, and whether the PIP2 source for generating InsP3 from PLCζ is in the plasma membrane or the cytoplasm. In this study we have uncaged InsP3 at different points of the Ca2+ oscillation cycle to show that PLCζ causes Ca2+ oscillations by a mechanism which requires Ca2+ induced InsP3 formation. In contrast, incubation in Sr2+ media, which also induces Ca2+ oscillations in mouse eggs, sensitizes InsP3-induced Ca2+ release. We also show that the cytosolic level Ca2+ is a key factor in setting the frequency of Ca2+ oscillations since low concentrations of the Ca2+ pump inhibitor, thapsigargin, accelerates the frequency of PLCζ induced Ca2+ oscillations in eggs, even in Ca2+ free media. Given that Ca2+ induced InsP3 formation causes a rapid wave during each Ca2+ rise, we use a mathematical model to show that InsP3 generation, and hence PLCζ's substate PIP2, has to be finely distributed throughout the egg cytoplasm. Evidence for PIP2 distribution in vesicles throughout the egg cytoplasm is provided with a rhodamine-peptide probe, PBP10. The apparent level of PIP2 in such vesicles could be reduced by incubating eggs in the drug propranolol which also reversibly inhibited PLCζ induced, but not Sr2+ induced, Ca2+ oscillations. These data suggest that the cytosolic Ca2+ level, rather than Ca2+ store content, is a key variable in setting the pace of PLCζ induced Ca2+ oscillations in eggs, and they imply that InsP3 oscillates in synchrony with Ca2+ oscillations. Furthermore, they support the hypothesis that PLCζ and sperm

  9. Tunable blue-green emission and energy transfer properties in β-Ca3(PO4)2:Eu(2+), Tb(3+) phosphors with high quantum efficiencies for UV-LEDs.

    PubMed

    Li, Kai; Zhang, Yang; Li, Xuejiao; Shang, Mengmeng; Lian, Hongzhou; Lin, Jun

    2015-03-14

    A series of Eu(2+) and Tb(3+) singly-doped and co-doped β-Ca3(PO4)2 phosphors have been synthesized via the high-temperature solid-state reaction method. Thermogravimetric (TG) analysis, fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra, X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and Rietveld refinements, photoluminescence (PL) spectra including temperature-dependent PL and quantum efficiency, and fluorescence decay lifetimes have been used to characterise the as-prepared samples. Under UV excitation, β-Ca3(PO4)2:Eu(2+) presents a broad emission band centered at 415 nm, which can be decomposed into five symmetrical bands peaking at 390, 408, 421, 435 and 511 nm based on the substitution of five kinds of Ca(2+) sites by Eu(2+) ions. β-Ca3(PO4)2:Tb(3+) shows characteristic emission lines under Tb(3+) 4f-5d transition excitation around 223 nm. In β-Ca3(PO4)2:Eu(2+), Tb(3+) phosphors, similar excitation spectra monitored at 415 and 547 nm have been observed, which illustrates the possibility of energy transfer from Eu(2+) to Tb(3+) ions. The variations in the emission spectra and decay lifetimes further demonstrate the existence of energy transfer from Eu(2+) to Tb(3+) ions under UV excitation. The energy transfer mechanism has been confirmed to be dipole-quadrupole, which can be validated via the agreement of critical distances obtained from the concentration quenching (12.11 Å) and spectrum overlap methods (9.9-13.2 Å). The best quantum efficiency can reach 90% for the β-Ca3(PO4)2:0.01Eu(2+), 0.15Tb(3+) sample under 280 nm excitation. These results show that the developed phosphors may possess potential applications in UV-pumped white light-emitting diodes.

  10. Fabrication of lead-free piezoelectric Li2CO3-added (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Sn)O3 ceramics under controlled low oxygen partial pressure and their properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noritake, Kouta; Sakamoto, Wataru; Yuitoo, Isamu; Takeuchi, Teruaki; Hayashi, Koichiro; Yogo, Toshinobu

    2018-02-01

    Reduction-resistant lead-free (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Sn)O3 piezoceramics with high piezoelectric constants were fabricated by optimizing the amount of Li2CO3 added. Oxygen partial pressure was controlled during the sintering of (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Sn)O3 ceramics in a reducing atmosphere using H2-CO2 gas. Enhanced grain growth and a high-polarization state after poling treatment were achieved by adding Li2CO3. Optimizing the amount of Li2CO3 added to (Ba0.95Ca0.05)(Ti0.95Sn0.05)O3 ceramics sintered under a low oxygen partial pressure resulted in improved piezoelectric properties while maintaining the high sintered density. The prepared Li2CO3-added ceramic samples had homogeneous microstructures with a uniform dispersion of each major constituent element. However, the residual Li content in the 3 mol % Li2CO3-added (Ba0.95Ca0.05)(Ti0.95Sn0.05)O3 ceramics after sintering was less than 0.3 mol %. Sintered bodies of this ceramic prepared in a CO2 (1.5%)-H2 (0.3%)/Ar reducing atmosphere (PO2 = 10-8 atm at 1350 °C), exhibited sufficient electrical resistivity and a piezoelectric constant (d 33) exceeding 500 pC/N. The piezoelectric properties of this nonreducible ceramic were comparable or superior to those of the same ceramic sintered in air.

  11. Overexpression of CsCaM3 Improves High Temperature Tolerance in Cucumber

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Bingwei; Yan, Shuangshuang; Zhou, Huoyan; Dong, Riyue; Lei, Jianjun; Chen, Changming; Cao, Bihao

    2018-01-01

    High temperature (HT) stress affects the growth and production of cucumbers, but genetic resources with high heat tolerance are very scarce in this crop. Calmodulin (CaM) has been confirmed to be related to the regulation of HT stress resistance in plants. CsCaM3, a CaM gene, was isolated from cucumber inbred line “02-8.” Its expression was characterized in the present study. CsCaM3 transcripts differed among the organs and tissues of cucumber plants and could be induced by HTs or abscisic acid, but not by salicylic acid. CsCaM3 transcripts exhibited subcellular localization to the cytoplasm and nuclei of cells. Overexpression of CsCaM3 in cucumber plants has the potential to improve their heat tolerance and protect against oxidative damage and photosynthesis system damage by regulating the expression of HT-responsive genes in plants, including chlorophyll catabolism-related genes under HT stress. Taken together, our results provide useful insights into stress tolerance in cucumber. PMID:29946334

  12. Luminescence and Site Occupancy of Eu2+ in Ba2 Ca(BO3)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Pan-Lai; Wang, Zhi-Jun; Yang, Zhi-Ping; Guo, Qing-Lin

    2011-01-01

    A green phosphor Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Eu2+ was synthesized by a high temperature solid-state reaction method under a reductive atmosphere. The luminescence and site occupancy of Eu2+ in Ba2Ca(BO3)2 are investigated. Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Eu2+ shows one green band (537 nm) under 400 nm near ultraviolet excitation which is suitable for UV LED. Ca2+ and Ba2+ ions in Ba2Ca(BO3)2 are replaced by Eu2+ ions, the Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Eu2+ shows a dissymmetrical emission band. The influence of Eu2+ doping concentrations on the emission intensity of Ba2Ca(BO3)2:Eu2+ is studied. It is found that the emission intensity is influenced by the Eu2+ concentration and reaches the maximum value at 2% Eu2+. According to the Dexter theory, the concentration quenching mechanisms of Eu2+ in Ba2Ca(BO3)2 are the d-dinteraction.

  13. Involvement of IP3 Receptors in LTP and LTD Induction in Guinea Pig Hippocampal CA1 Neurons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taufiq, Ahmed Mostafa; Fujii, Satoshi; Yamazaki, Yoshihiko; Sasaki, Hiroshi; Kaneko, Kenya; Li, Jianmin; Kato, Hiroshi; Mikoshiba, Katsuhiko

    2005-01-01

    The role of inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) in long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) was studied in CA1 neurons in guinea pig hippocampal slices. In standard solution, short tetanic stimulation consisting of 15 pulses at 100 Hz induced LTP, while three short trains of low-frequency stimulation (LFS; 200…

  14. A-site deficiency effects on the critical behavior of La0.6Ca0.15·0.05Ba0.2MnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Debbebi, I. Sfifir; Omrani, H.; Cheikhrouhou-Koubaa, W.; Cheikhrouhou, A.

    2018-02-01

    The aim of the present work is to study the critical behavior of calcium deficient La0.6Ca0.15·0.05Ba0.2MnO3 (LCBMO), synthetized by the conventional solid-state reaction method, around the paramagnetic (PM)-ferromagnetic (FM) phase transition. X-ray diffraction revealed that these manganites crystallized in the orthorhombic structure with Pbnm space group. Then, the magnetic properties of this compound are discussed in detail, building on the magnetization and the susceptibility. The temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility at higher temperature confirms the presence of the Griffiths phase above the Curie temperature which proves the existence of ferromagnetic clusters in the paramagnetic domain. Experimental results revealed that our sample exhibit a second-order magnetic phase transition. The estimated critical exponents derived from the magnetic data were estimated using various techniques such as modified Arrott plot, Kouvel-Fisher method, and critical magnetization isotherms M(TC, H). The obtained values are very close to those representative of the mean-field model (β = 0.547, γ = 1.23, and δ = 3.092 at an average TC = 201.74 K).

  15. Synthesis and characterization of nano-sized CaCO3 in purified diet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mulyaningsih, N. N.; Tresnasari, D. R.; Ramahwati, M. R.; Juwono, A. L.; Soejoko, D. S.; Astuti, D. A.

    2017-07-01

    The growth and development of animals depend strongly on the balanced nutrition in the diet. This research aims is to characterize the weight variations of nano-sized calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in purified diet that to be fed to animal model of rat. The nano-sized CaCO3 was prepared by milling the calcium carbonate particles for 20 hours at a rotation speed of 1000 rpm and resulting particle size in a range of 2-50 nm. Nano-sized CaCO3 added to purified diet to the four formulas that were identified as normal diet (N), deficiency calcium (DC), rich in calcium (RC), and poor calcium (PC) with containing in nano-sized CaCO3 much as 0.50 %, 0.00 %, 0.75 % and 0.25 % respectively. The nutritional content of the purified diet was proximate analyzed, it resulted as followed moisture, ash, fat, protein, crude fiber. The quantities of chemical element were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), it resulted iron, magnesium, potassium and calcium. The results showed that N diet (Ca: 16,914.29 ppm) were suggested for healthy rats and RC diet (Ca: 33,696.13 ppm) for conditioned osteoporosis rats. The crystalline phases of the samples that were examined by X-ray diffraction showed that crystalline phase increased with the increasing concentration of CaCO3.

  16. Large Electrocaloric Effect in Lead-Free (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O3 Ceramics Prepared via Citrate Route

    PubMed Central

    Shi, Jing; Zhu, Rongfeng; Liu, Xing; Yuan, Ningyi; Ding, Jianning; Luo, Haosu

    2017-01-01

    The 1 wt % Li-doped (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O3 (BCZT-Li) ceramics prepared by the citrate method exhibit improved phase purity, densification and electrical properties, which provide prospective possibility to develop high-performance electrocaloric materials. The electrocaloric effect was evaluated by phenomenological method, and the BCZT-Li ceramics present large electrocaloric temperature change ∆T, especially large electrocaloric responsibility ξ = ∆Tmax/∆Emax, which can be comparable to the largest values reported in the lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. The excellent electrocaloric effect is considered as correlating with the coexistence of polymorphic ferroelectric phases, which are detected by the Raman spectroscopy. The large ξ value accompanied by decreased Curie temperature (around 73 °C) of the BCZT-Li ceramics prepared by the citrate method presents potential applications as the next-generation solid-state cooling devices. PMID:28927004

  17. Efficient continuous-wave, broadly tunable and passive Q-switching lasers based on a Tm3+:CaF2 crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jingjing; Zhang, Cheng; Zu, Yuqian; Fan, Xiuwei; Liu, Jie; Guo, Xinsheng; Qian, Xiaobo; Su, Liangbi

    2018-04-01

    Laser operations in the continuous-wave as well as in the pulsed regime of a 4 at.% Tm3+:CaF2 crystal are reported. For the continuous-wave operation, a maximum average output power of 1.15 W was achieved, and the corresponding slope efficiency was more than 64%. A continuous tuning range of about 160 nm from 1877-2036 nm was achieved using a birefringent filter. Using Argentum nanorods as a saturable absorber, the significant pulsed operation of a passively Q-switched Tm3+:CaF2 laser was observed at 1935.4 nm for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. A maximum output power of 385 mW with 41.4 µJ pulse energy was obtained under an absorbed pump power of 2.04 W. The present results indicate that the Tm3+:CaF2 lasers could be promising laser sources to operate in the eye-safe spectral region.

  18. An Approach for Preoperative Planning and Performance of MR-guided Interventions Demonstrated With a Manual Manipulator in a 1.5T MRI Scanner

    SciTech Connect

    Seimenis, Ioannis; Tsekos, Nikolaos V.; Keroglou, Christoforos

    2012-04-15

    Purpose: The aim of this work was to develop and test a general methodology for the planning and performance of robot-assisted, MR-guided interventions. This methodology also includes the employment of software tools with appropriately tailored routines to effectively exploit the capabilities of MRI and address the relevant spatial limitations. Methods: The described methodology consists of: (1) patient-customized feasibility study that focuses on the geometric limitations imposed by the gantry, the robotic hardware, and interventional tools, as well as the patient; (2) stereotactic preoperative planning for initial positioning of the manipulator and alignment of its end-effector with a selected target; andmore » (3) real-time, intraoperative tool tracking and monitoring of the actual intervention execution. Testing was performed inside a standard 1.5T MRI scanner in which the MR-compatible manipulator is deployed to provide the required access. Results: A volunteer imaging study demonstrates the application of the feasibility stage. A phantom study on needle targeting is also presented, demonstrating the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed preoperative and intraoperative stages of the methodology. For this purpose, a manually actuated, MR-compatible robotic manipulation system was used to accurately acquire a prescribed target through alternative approaching paths. Conclusions: The methodology presented and experimentally examined allows the effective performance of MR-guided interventions. It is suitable for, but not restricted to, needle-targeting applications assisted by a robotic manipulation system, which can be deployed inside a cylindrical scanner to provide the required access to the patient facilitating real-time guidance and monitoring.« less

  19. Why Do Organisms in the Atlantic Ocean Produce So Much CaCO3?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toggweiler, J. R.

    2010-12-01

    Sediments in the Atlantic are richer in CaCO3 than sediments in the other oceans. Sediment trap observations show that sinking particles in the Atlantic also tend to have more CaCO3 in relation to organic carbon than sinking particles elsewhere. The reason for the extra production of CaCO3 has never been very clear. The Atlantic is unusual because it receives much more than its share of the global input of river water. River water adds alkalinity to the surface ocean while the production of CaCO3 takes it away. In this presentation a new tracer, called Alk*, is derived from the surface alkalinity distribution to highlight the impact of river inputs and the production of CaCO3. If the production of CaCO3 were evenly distributed across the ocean one would expect the Atlantic to have a higher level of Alk* becaused of its river inputs. We find instead that Alk* is lower in the middle of the Atlantic than almost any place else. This, of course, is consistent with the fact that organisms in the Atlantic produce a lot of CaCO3. Comparison with other areas with especially low values of Alk* (Red Sea and northern Arabian Sea) shows that the production of CaCO3 is highly correlated across the ocean with the surface salinity. Hence, we argue that organisms in the Atlantic produce a lot of CaCO3 simply because the Atlantic is so salty. Salty waters, by definition, have more CO3= ions, which increase the supersaturation with respect to calcite and aragonite. This finding, while extremely simple, has major implifications for the impact of ocean acidification on calcifying organisms.

  20. A crustacean Ca2+-binding protein with a glutamate-rich sequence promotes CaCO3 crystallization.

    PubMed

    Endo, Hirotoshi; Takagi, Yasuaki; Ozaki, Noriaki; Kogure, Toshihiro; Watanabe, Toshiki

    2004-11-15

    The DD4 mRNA of the penaeid prawn Penaeus japonicus was shown previously to be expressed in the epidermis adjacent to the exoskeleton specifically during the post-moult period, when calcification of the exoskeleton took place. The encoded protein possessed a Ca2+-binding site, suggesting its involvement in the calcification of the exoskeleton. In the present study, an additional ORF (open reading frame) of 289 amino acids was identified at the 5' end of the previous ORF. The newly identified part of the encoded protein included a region of approx. 120 amino acids that was highly rich in glutamate residues, and contained one or more Ca2+-binding sites. In an immunohistochemical study, signals were detected within calcified regions in the endocuticular layer of the exoskeleton. Bacterially expressed partial segments of the protein induced CaCO3 crystallization in vitro. Finally, a reverse transcription-PCR study showed that the expression was limited to an early part of the post-moult period, preceding significant calcification of the exoskeleton. These observations argue for the possibility that the encoded protein, renamed crustocalcin (CCN), promotes formation of CaCO3 crystals in the exoskeleton by inducing nucleation.

  1. Enhanced Emission from Li2CaSiO4:Dy3+ Phosphors by Doping with Al3+ and B3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erdoğmuş, E.

    2016-05-01

    Pure Li2CaSiO4, Li2CaSiO4:Dy3+ and Al3+, B3+ co-doped materials were prepared by a solid-state reaction in air at 900°C for 6 h and characterized by using powder XRD. The luminescence properties of the synthesized phosphors were measured at room temperature with a spectrofluorometer. Li2CaSiO4:Dy3+ emits at 484, 575, and 660 nm upon 352 nm excitation. The emission spectrum intensity of Dy3+ increased from 0.01 to 0.06 mol.%, and beyond 0.06 mol.%, concentration quenching was observed. Also, in this study, the effects of boric acid and aluminum oxide concentration on the photoluminescence properties of Dy3+ doped phosphors were investigated. The results showed that boric acid and aluminum oxide were effective in improving the photoluminescence intensity of Li2CaSiO4:Dy3+ compounds.

  2. Results for aliovalent doping of CeBr3 with Ca2+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guss, Paul; Foster, Michael E.; Wong, Bryan M.; Patrick Doty, F.; Shah, Kanai; Squillante, Michael R.; Shirwadkar, Urmila; Hawrami, Rastgo; Tower, Joshua; Yuan, Ding

    2014-01-01

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide, their commercial availability and application are limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. This investigation employed aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was used as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown, i.e., 1.9% of the CeBr3 molecules were replaced by CaBr2 molecules, to match our target replacement of 1 out of 54 cerium atoms be replaced by a calcium atom. Precisely the mixture was composed of 2.26 g of CaBr2 added to 222.14 g of CeBr3. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were studied using the density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation. Calculated lattice parameters are in agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  3. Functional significance of co-occurring mutations in PIK3CA and MAP3K1 in breast cancer.

    PubMed

    Avivar-Valderas, Alvaro; McEwen, Robert; Taheri-Ghahfarokhi, Amir; Carnevalli, Larissa S; Hardaker, Elizabeth L; Maresca, Marcello; Hudson, Kevin; Harrington, Elizabeth A; Cruzalegui, Francisco

    2018-04-20

    The PI3Kα signaling pathway is frequently hyper-activated in breast cancer (BrCa), as a result of mutations/amplifications in oncogenes (e.g. HER2 ), decreased function in tumor suppressors (e.g. PTEN ) or activating mutations in key components of the pathway. In particular, activating mutations of PIK3CA (~45%) are frequently found in luminal A BrCa samples. Genomic studies have uncovered inactivating mutations in MAP3K1 (13-20%) and MAP2K4 (~8%), two upstream kinases of the JNK apoptotic pathway in luminal A BrCa samples. Further, simultaneous mutation of PIK3CA and MAP3K1 are found in ~11% of mutant PIK3CA tumors. How these two alterations may cooperate to elicit tumorigenesis and impact the sensitivity to PI3K and AKT inhibitors is currently unknown. Using CRISPR gene editing we have genetically disrupted MAP3K1 expression in mutant PIK3CA cell lines to specifically create in vitro models reflecting the mutational status of PIK3CA and MAP3K1 in BrCa patients. MAP3K1 deficient cell lines exhibited ~2.4-fold increased proliferation rate and decreased sensitivity to PI3Kα/δ(AZD8835) and AKT (AZD5363) inhibitors (~2.61 and ~5.23-fold IC 50 increases, respectively) compared with parental control cell lines. In addition, mechanistic analysis revealed that MAP3K1 disruption enhances AKT phosphorylation and downstream signaling and reduces sensitivity to AZD5363-mediated pathway inhibition. This appears to be a consequence of deficient MAP3K1-JNK signaling increasing IRS1 stability and therefore promoting IRS1 binding to p85, resulting in enhanced PI3Kα activity. Using 3D-MCF10A-PI3Kα H1047R models, we found that MAP3K1 depletion increased overall acinar volume and counteracted AZD5363-mediated reduction of acinar growth due to enhanced proliferation and reduced apoptosis. Furthermore, in vivo efficacy studies revealed that MAP3K1-deficient MCF7 tumors were less sensitive to AKT inhibitor treatment, compared with parental MCF7 tumors. Our study provides

  4. Genome-guided Investigation of Antibiotic Substances produced by Allosalinactinospora lopnorensis CA15-2T from Lop Nor region, China

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Chen; Leung, Ross Ka-Kit; Guo, Min; Tuo, Li; Guo, Lin; Yew, Wing Wai; Lou, Inchio; Lee, Simon Ming Yuen; Sun, Chenghang

    2016-01-01

    Microbial secondary metabolites are valuable resources for novel drug discovery. In particular, actinomycetes expressed a range of antibiotics against a spectrum of bacteria. In genus level, strain Allosalinactinospora lopnorensis CA15-2T is the first new actinomycete isolated from the Lop Nor region, China. Antimicrobial assays revealed that the strain could inhibit the growth of certain types of bacteria, including Acinetobacter baumannii and Staphylococcus aureus, highlighting its clinical significance. Here we report the 5,894,259 base pairs genome of the strain, containing 5,662 predicted genes, and 832 of them cannot be detected by sequence similarity-based methods, suggesting the new species may carry a novel gene pool. Furthermore, our genome-mining investigation reveals that A. lopnorensis CA15-2T contains 17 gene clusters coding for known or novel secondary metabolites. Meanwhile, at least six secondary metabolites were disclosed from ethyl acetate (EA) extract of the fermentation broth of the strain by high-resolution UPLC-MS. Compared with reported clusters of other species, many new genes were found in clusters, and the physical chromosomal location and order of genes in the clusters are distinct. This study presents evidence in support of A. lopnorensis CA15-2T as a potent natural products source for drug discovery. PMID:26864220

  5. Microstructure and optical properties of TiO2 nanocrystallites-CaTiO3:Pr3+ hybrid thick films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Chang-Kui; Gao, Xiang-Dong; Yu, Changjiang; Yu, Aimin; Li, Xiaomin; Gao, Dongsheng; Shi, Ying

    Long afterglow CaTiO3:Pr3+ ceramic powders were integrated with hydrothermal TiO2 nanocrystallites via “doctor-blade” and TiO2-CaTiO3:Pr3+ hybrid thick films on FTO substrate were fabricated. Effects of the Pr3+ doping level (0.06%, 0.3%) and the CaTiO3:Pr3+/TiO2 weight ratio (0.23, 0.92) on the crystallinity, morphologies, optical transmittance and photoluminescence (PL) properties were investigated. Results showed that the crystallinity of the hybrid films originated from both TiO2 nanocrystallites and CaTiO3:Pr3+ ceramic particles, affected little by the integrating process. The film surface became denser and coarser due to the incorporation of CaTiO3:Pr3+ micron/submicron particles, and the film thickness varied little (˜2.2μm). The optical transmittance of the hybrid film decreased sharply (<20% for 0.92 incorporation level) due to the scattering effects of the CaTiO3:Pr3+ micron/submicron particles to the incident light. All the hybrid films exhibited strong PL at ˜613nm when excited with 332-335nm, and the film with the Ca0.997TiO3:Pr0.0033+/TiO2 weight ratio of 0.23 showed the highest emission. In addition, the film exhibited a photoresponce to a broad ultraviolet excitation ranging from 288-369nm and a long emission decay time up to 30min at 613nm, possible for use in the ultraviolet detectors, solar cells and other photoelectrical devices.

  6. De novo germline and postzygotic mutations in AKT3, PIK3R2 and PIK3CA cause a spectrum of related megalencephaly syndromes

    PubMed Central

    Rivière, Jean-Baptiste; Mirzaa, Ghayda M.; O’Roak, Brian J.; Beddaoui, Margaret; Alcantara, Diana; Conway, Robert L.; St-Onge, Judith; Schwartzentruber, Jeremy A.; Gripp, Karen W.; Nikkel, Sarah M.; Worthylake, Thea; Sullivan, Christopher T.; Ward, Thomas R.; Butler, Hailly E.; Kramer, Nancy A.; Albrecht, Beate; Armour, Christine M.; Armstrong, Linlea; Caluseriu, Oana; Cytrynbaum, Cheryl; Drolet, Beth A.; Innes, A. Micheil; Lauzon, Julie L.; Lin, Angela E.; Mancini, Grazia M. S.; Meschino, Wendy S.; Reggin, James D.; Saggar, Anand K.; Lerman-Sagie, Tally; Uyanik, Gökhan; Weksberg, Rosanna; Zirn, Birgit; Beaulieu, Chandree L.; Majewski, Jacek; Bulman, Dennis E.; O’Driscoll, Mark; Shendure, Jay; Graham, John M.; Boycott, Kym M.; Dobyns, William B.

    2012-01-01

    Megalencephaly-capillary malformation (MCAP) and megalencephaly-polymicrogyria-polydactyly-hydrocephalus (MPPH) syndromes are sporadic overgrowth disorders associated with markedly enlarged brain size and other recognizable features1-5. We performed exome sequencing in three families with MCAP or MPPH and confirmed our initial observations in exomes from 7 MCAP and 174 control individuals, as well as in 40 additional megalencephaly subjects using a combination of Sanger sequencing, restriction-enzyme assays, and targeted deep sequencing. We identified de novo germline or postzygotic mutations in three core components of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway. These include two mutations of AKT3, one recurrent mutation of PIK3R2 in 11 unrelated MPPH families, and 15 mostly postzygotic mutations of PIK3CA in 23 MCAP and one MPPH patients. Our data highlight the central role of PI3K/AKT signaling in vascular, limb and brain development, and emphasize the power of massively parallel sequencing in a challenging context of phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity combined with postzygotic mosaicism. PMID:22729224

  7. Improved dielectric properties of BaTiO3-added CaCu3Ti4O12 polycrystalline ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Hui Eun; Choi, Soon-Mi; Lee, Sung-Yun; Hong, Youn-Woo; Yoo, Sang-Im

    2013-05-01

    The effects of the BaTiO3 (BTO) additive on the electrical properties of CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO) polycrystalline ceramics were systematically investigated. Various amounts of BTO powder up to 15 mol. % were added to CCTO powder. Each batch was ball-milled, pressed into pellets, and finally sintered at 1060°C for 12 h in air. Compared with pure CCTO sample ( ɛ r ˜ 52,000 and tan δ ˜ 0.38 at 100 kHz), BTO-added CCTO samples commonly showed significantly reduced dielectric losses although their dielectric constants were decreased approximately by one order of magnitude (for instance, ɛ r ˜ 4,075 and tan δ ˜ 0.02 at 100 kHz for 5 mol. % BTO-added CCTO sample). In addition, the breakdown voltages of BTO-added CCTO samples were much higher than that of pure CCTO sample, and thus the leakage currents were greatly reduced at the applied voltage above ˜ 10 V. A large reduction in the dielectric losses and leakage currents is attributed to the secondary phases segregated at the CCTO grain boundary which are composed of CaTiO3, Ba4Ti12O27, and unreacted BTO.

  8. Phase equilibria and crystal chemistry of the CaO–½Sm 2O 3–CoOz system at 885 °C in air

    DOE PAGES

    Wong-Ng, W.; Laws, W.; Lapidus, S. H.; ...

    2015-06-27

    The CaO–½Sm 2O 3–CoOz system prepared at 885 °C in air consists of two calcium cobaltate compounds, namely, the 2D thermoelectric oxide solid solution, (Ca 3$-$xSm x)Co 4O 9$-$z (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) which has a misfit layered structure, and the 1D Ca 3Co 2O 6 which consists of chains of alternating CoO 6 trigonal prisms and CoO 6 octahedra. Ca 3Co 2O 6 was found to be a point compound without the substitution of Sm on the Ca site. A solid solution region of distorted perovskite, (Sm 1$-$xCa x)CoO 3$-$z (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.22, space group Pnma)more » was established. The reported Sm 2CoO 4 phase was not observed at 885 °C, but a ternary Ca-doped oxide, (Sm 1+xCa 1$-$x)CoO 4$-$z (Bmab) where 0 < x ≤ 0.15 was found to be stable at this temperature. In the peripheral binary systems, Sm was not present in the Ca site of CaO, while a small solid solution region was identified for (Sm 1$-$xCa x)O(3 $-$z)/2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.075). Lastly, ten solid solution tie-line regions and six three-phase regions were determined in the CaO–½Sm 2O 3–CoO z system in air.« less

  9. On melt solutions for the growth of CaTiO3 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klimm, Detlef; Schmidt, Max; Wolff, Nora; Guguschev, Christo; Ganschow, Steffen

    2018-03-01

    When calcium titanate crystals are grown from stoichiometric melts, they crystallize in the cubic perovskite structure. Upon cooling to room temperature they undergo subsequent phase transitions to tetragonal and orthorhombic modifications. These phase transitions are disruptive and result in severely damaged crystals. This paper presents differential thermal analysis data for several prospective solvents, with the aim to identify a system offering the possibility to perform crystal growth of undistorted CaTiO3 crystals by crystallizing them significantly below the melting point directly in the low temperature modification. From mixtures CaF2:TiO2:CaTiO3 = 3:1:1 (molar ratio) the growth of undistorted, at least millimeter-sized CaTiO3 crystals is possible.

  10. [CaCO3 stimulates alpha-ketoglutarate accumulation during pyruvate fermentation by Torulopsis glabrata].

    PubMed

    Liu, Li-Ming; Li, Yin; Du, Guo-Cheng; Chen, Jian

    2003-11-01

    A large amount of alpha-ketoglutarate (alpha-KG) (6.8 g/L) was accumulated in flask culture when CaCO3 was used as a buffering agent in the production of pyruvate by multi-vitamin auxotrophic yeast Torulopsis glabrata CCTCC M202019. In a 5 L jar-fermentor, less alpha-KG (1.3 g/L) was produced when NaOH was used to adjust the pH, while more alpha-KG (11.5 g/L) detected when CaCO3 was used as the buffer. In the latter case, the molar carbon ratio of pyruvate to alpha-KG (C(PYR)/ CalphaKG) was similar to that obtained in flask culture, suggesting the accumulation of alpha-ketoglutarate was related to the addition of CaCO3. Furthermore, it was found that: (1) delaying the addition time of CaCO3 decreased the a-ketoglutarate formation but increased C(PYR)/ C(alphaKG); and (2) under vitamin limitation conditions increasing the concentration of CaCO3 led to an increased a-KG accumulation at the expenses of pyruvate. To study which ions in CaCO3 was responsible for the accumulation of alpha-KG, the effects of different pH buffers on the a-KG accumulation were studied. The level of alpha-KG was found to correlate with the levels of both Ca2+ and CO3(2-), with Ca2+ played a dominant role and CO3(2-) played a minor role. To find out which pathway was responsible for the accumulation of alpha-KG, the effects of biotin and thiamine on alpha-KG accumulation was investigated. The increase in biotin concentration led to an increase in alpha-KG accumulation and a decrease in C(PYR)/ C(alpha-KG), while the levels of alpha-KG and C(PYR)/C(alphaKG) were not affected by thiamine concentration. The activity of pyruvate carboxylase was increased as much as 40% when the medium was supplemented with Ca2+ . On the other hand, the activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex was unaffected by the presence of Ca2+. To conclude, the higher level of a-KG was caused by higher activity of pyruvate carboxylase stimulated by Ca2+, with CO3(2-) served as the substrate of the reaction.

  11. Concentration quenching of Eu{sup 2+} doped Ca{sub 2}BO{sub 3}Cl

    SciTech Connect

    Seed Ahmed, H.A.A.; Department of Physics, University of Khartoum, Khartoum; Swart, H.C.

    2016-03-15

    Highlights: • Ca{sub 2}BO{sub 3}Cl doped with Eu{sup 2+} prepared by solid state reaction. • Concentration quenching studied by intensity and lifetime measurements. • Accurate determination of the critical transfer distance. • Interaction mechanism verified to be dipole–dipole interactions. - Abstract: With the aim of determining the concentration quenching mechanism of Eu{sup 2+} doped Ca{sub 2}BO{sub 3}Cl, a series of phosphors with a varied Eu{sup 2+} concentration (Ca{sub 2−x}BO{sub 3}Cl:xEu{sup 2+}) was synthesized by the solid state reaction method. The phase structure was determined by X-ray diffraction. Photoluminescence (PL) measurements showed broad excitation and emission signatures of the allowed f–dmore » transition of Eu{sup 2+} ions. The PL emission intensity was found to be increased by increasing the concentration of Eu{sup 2+} ions up to x = 0.03 and then decreased as a result of the concentration quenching effect. The lifetime of the emission from the Eu{sup 2+} ions was measured and the decrease in the lifetime with increasing Eu{sup 2+} concentration confirmed that non-radiative energy transfer occurred between Eu{sup 2+} ions. From the luminescence data, the value of the critical transfer distance was calculated as 1.5 nm and the corresponding concentration quenching mechanism was verified to be a dipole–dipole interaction.« less

  12. Thermodynamic, electronic, and magnetic properties of intrinsic vacancy defects in antiperovskite Ca3SnO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batool, Javaria; Alay-e-Abbas, Syed Muhammad; Amin, Nasir

    2018-04-01

    The density functional theory based total energy calculations are performed to examine the effect of charge neutral and fully charged intrinsic vacancy defects on the thermodynamic, electronic, and magnetic properties of Ca3SnO antiperovskite. The chemical stability of Ca3SnO is evaluated with respect to binary compounds CaO, CaSn, and Ca2Sn, and the limits of atomic chemical potentials of Ca, Sn, and O atoms for stable synthesis of Ca3SnO are determined within the generalized gradient approximation parametrization scheme. The electronic properties of the pristine and the non-stoichiometric forms of this compound have been explored and the influence of isolated intrinsic vacancy defects (Ca, Sn, and O) on the structural, bonding, and electronic properties of non-stoichiometric Ca3SnO are analyzed. We also predict the possibility of achieving stable ferromagnetism in non-stoichiometric Ca3SnO by means of charge neutral tin vacancies. From the calculated total energies and the valid ranges of atomic chemical potentials, the formation energetics of intrinsic vacancy defects in Ca3SnO are evaluated for various growth conditions. Our results indicate that the fully charged calcium vacancies are thermodynamically stable under the permissible Sn-rich condition of stable synthesis of Ca3SnO, while tin and oxygen vacancies are found to be stable under the extreme Ca-rich condition.

  13. Phase Equilibria and Crystal Chemistry in Portions of the System SrO-CaO-Bi2O3-CuO, Part IV— The System CaO-Bi2O3-CuO

    PubMed Central

    Burton, B. P.; Rawn, C. J.; Roth, R. S.; Hwang, N. M.

    1993-01-01

    New data are presented on the phase equilibria and crystal chemistry of the binary systems CaO-Bi2O3 and CaO-CuO and the ternary CaO-Bi2O3-CuO. Symmetry data and unit cell dimensions based on single crystal and powder x-ray diffraction measurements are reported for several of the binary CaO-Bi2O3 phases, including corrected compositions for Ca4Bi6O13 and Ca2Bi2O5. The ternary system contains no new ternary phases which can be formed in air at ~700–900 °C. PMID:28053484

  14. Systems Modeling of Ca2+ Homeostasis and Mobilization in Platelets Mediated by IP3 and Store-Operated Ca2+ Entry

    PubMed Central

    Dolan, Andrew T.; Diamond, Scott L.

    2014-01-01

    Resting platelets maintain a stable level of low cytoplasmic calcium ([Ca2+]cyt) and high dense tubular system calcium ([Ca2+]dts). During thrombosis, activators cause a transient rise in inositol trisphosphate (IP3) to trigger calcium mobilization from stores and elevation of [Ca2+]cyt. Another major source of [Ca2+]cyt elevation is store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) through plasmalemmal calcium channels that open in response to store depletion as [Ca2+]dts drops. A 34-species systems model employed kinetics describing IP3-receptor, DTS-plasmalemma puncta formation, SOCE via assembly of STIM1 and Orai1, and the plasmalemma and sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPases. Four constraints were imposed: calcium homeostasis before activation; stable in zero extracellular calcium; IP3-activatable; and functional SOCE. Using a Monte Carlo method to sample three unknown parameters and nine initial concentrations in a 12-dimensional space near measured or expected values, we found that model configurations that were responsive to stimuli and demonstrated significant SOCE required high inner membrane electric potential (>−70 mV) and low resting IP3 concentrations. The absence of puncta in resting cells was required to prevent spontaneous store depletion in calcium-free media. Ten-fold increases in IP3 caused saturated calcium mobilization. This systems model represents a critical step in being able to predict platelets’ phenotypes during hemostasis or thrombosis. PMID:24806937

  15. Comparative Dielectric and Ferroelectric Characteristics of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3, CaCu3Ti4O12, and 0.5Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.5CaCu3Ti4O12 Electroceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Laxman; Yadava, Shiva Sundar; Sin, Byung Cheol; Rai, Uma Shanker; Mandal, K. D.; Lee, Youngil

    2016-06-01

    The dielectric and ferroelectric characteristics of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BNT), CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO), and 0.5Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.5CaCu3Ti4O12 (BNT/CCTO) ceramics are compared. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the formation of single phase of all the ceramics after sintering at 950°C for 15 h. Scanning electron microscopy images of the sintered ceramics reveal average grain sizes in the range from 200 nm to 2.5 μm. Energy-dispersive x-ray mapping and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy show the presence of the elements Bi, Na, Ca, Cu, Ti, and O with uniform distribution in the ceramics. BNT/CCTO exhibits high dielectric constant ( ɛ r ˜ 6.9 × 104) compared with BNT ( ɛ r ˜ 0.13 × 104) and CCTO ( ɛ r ˜ 1.68 × 104) ceramics at 1 kHz and 503 K. The high dielectric constant of BNT/CCTO compared with BNT and CCTO is associated with a major contribution from grain boundaries, as confirmed by impedance and modulus analyses. The P- E hysteresis loop of all the ceramics measured at room temperature and 50°C exhibited typical ferroelectric nature. The remanent polarization ( P r) of BNT (1.58 μC/cm2) and CCTO (0.654 μC/cm2) ceramics are higher than that of BNT/CCTO (0.267 μC/cm2) ceramic.

  16. [Effect of Ca(OH)2 on the cytotoxicity of lipopolysaccharide extracted from Porphyromonas endodontalis in vitro].

    PubMed

    Guo, Jia-jie; Qiu, Li-hong; Yu, Ya-qiong; Xu, Li-ya; Fan, Yun-qian; Zhong, Ming

    2014-02-01

    To detect the degradation of Ca(OH)2 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracted from Porphyromonas endodontalis (P.e) in vitro and estimate the influence of P.e LPS pretreated with Ca(OH)2 on the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells. The effect of Ca(OH)2 on MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Then P.e LPS was treated with Ca(OH)2 for 30 mins or 60 mins at 37 degrees centigrade in vitro and the activity of P.e LPS was evaluated by Chromogenic End-point Tachypleus Amebocyte Lysate (CE TAL) test. Finally, MC3T3-E1 cells were exposed to P.e LPS pretreated with 15% Ca(OH)2 for 1, 3 and 5 d, and the cell proliferation was measured using the MTT assay comparing with the P.e LPS control group. SPSS 13.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. Compared with the negative control, exposing cells to 5%, 10% and 15% Ca(OH)2 had greatly promoted MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation. P.e LPS treated with 10% and 15% Ca(OH)2 both presented the best results by CE TAL and significant difference compared with P.e LPS control group. When 10 μg/mL P.e LPS was pretreated with 15% Ca(OH)2, no inhibition of MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation was noted. Ca(OH)2 detoxifies P.e LPS in vitro, mitigates the impact of P.e LPS on MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation. Supported by Science and Technology Projects of Liaoning Province (2011225020).

  17. Dual CCNE1/PIK3CA targeting is synergistic in CCNE1-amplified/PIK3CA-mutated uterine serous carcinomas in vitro and in vivo

    PubMed Central

    Cocco, Emiliano; Lopez, Salvatore; Black, Jonathan; Bellone, Stefania; Bonazzoli, Elena; Predolini, Federica; Ferrari, Francesca; Schwab, Carlton L; Menderes, Gulden; Zammataro, Luca; Buza, Natalia; Hui, Pei; Wong, Serena; Zhao, Siming; Bai, Yalai; Rimm, David L; Ratner, Elena; Litkouhi, Babak; Silasi, Dan-Arin; Azodi, Masoud; Schwartz, Peter E; Santin, Alessandro D

    2016-01-01

    Background: Clinical options for patients harbouring advanced/recurrent uterine serous carcinoma (USC), an aggressive variant of endometrial tumour, are very limited. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) data recently demonstrated that cyclin E1 (CCNE1) gene amplification and pik3ca driver mutations are common in USC and may therefore represent ideal therapeutic targets. Methods: Cyclin E1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on 95 USCs. The efficacy of the cyclin-dependent kinase 2/9 inhibitor CYC065 was assessed on multiple primary USC cell lines with or without CCNE1 amplification. Cell-cycle analyses and knockdown experiments were performed to assess CYC065 targeting specificity. Finally, the in vitro and in vivo activity of CYC065, Taselisib (a PIK3CA inhibitor) and their combinations was tested on USC xenografts derived from CCNE1-amplified/pik3ca-mutated USCs. Results: We found that 89.5% of the USCs expressed CCNE1. CYC065 blocked cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and inhibited cell growth specifically in CCNE1-overexpressing USCs. Cyclin E1 knockdown conferred increased resistance to CYC065, whereas CYC065 treatment of xenografts derived from CCNE1-amplified USCs significantly reduced tumour growth. The combination of CYC065 and Taselisib demonstrated synergistic effect in vitro and was significantly more effective than single-agent treatment in decreasing tumour growth in xenografts of CCNE1-amplified/pik3ca-mutated USCs. Conclusions: Dual CCNE1/PIK3CA blockade may represent a novel therapeutic option for USC patients harbouring recurrent CCNE1-amplified/pi3kca-mutated tumours. PMID:27351214

  18. Inhibitory phosphorylation of GSK-3 by CaMKII couples depolarization to neuronal survival.

    PubMed

    Song, Bin; Lai, Bingquan; Zheng, Zhihao; Zhang, Yuying; Luo, Jingyan; Wang, Chong; Chen, Yuan; Woodgett, James R; Li, Mingtao

    2010-12-24

    Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) plays a critical role in neuronal apoptosis. The two mammalian isoforms of the kinase, GSK-3α and GSK-3β, are inhibited by phosphorylation at Ser-21 and Ser-9, respectively. Depolarization, which is vital for neuronal survival, causes both an increase in Ser-21/9 phosphorylation and an inhibition of GSK-3α/β. However, the role of GSK-3 phosphorylation in depolarization-dependent neuron survival and the signaling pathway contributing to GSK-3 phosphorylation during depolarization remain largely unknown. Using several approaches, we showed that both isoforms of GSK-3 are important for mediating neuronal apoptosis. Nonphosphorylatable GSK-3α/β mutants (S21A/S9A) promoted apoptosis, whereas a peptide encompassing Ser-9 of GSK-3β protected neurons in a phosphorylation-dependent manner; these results indicate a critical role for Ser-21/9 phosphorylation on depolarization-dependent neuron survival. We found that Ser-21/9 phosphorylation of GSK-3 was mediated by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) but not by Akt/PKB, PKA, or p90(RSK). CaMKII associated with and phosphorylated GSK-3α/β. Furthermore, the pro-survival effect of CaMKII was mediated by GSK-3 phosphorylation and inactivation. These findings identify a novel Ca(2+)/calmodulin/CaMKII/GSK-3 pathway that couples depolarization to neuronal survival.

  19. Mutational analysis of PI3K/AKT and RAS/RAF pathway activation in malignant salivary gland tumours with a new mutation of PIK3CA.

    PubMed

    Shalmon, B; Drendel, M; Wolf, M; Hirshberg, A; Cohen, Y

    2016-06-01

    The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PIK3)/v-akt murine thymoma (AKT) oncogene pathway and the RAS/RAF pathway are involved in regulating the signalling of multiple biological processes, including apoptosis, metabolism, cell proliferation, and cell growth. Mutations in the genes within these pathways are frequently found in several tumours. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of mutations in the PIK3CA, BRAF, and KRAS genes in cases of malignant salivary gland tumours. Mutational analysis of the PIK3CA, KRAS, and BRAF genes was performed by direct sequencing of material from 21 patients with malignant salivary gland tumours who underwent surgery between 1992 and 2001. No mutations were found in the KRAS exon 2, BRAF exon 15, or PIK3CA exon 9 genes. However, an unpublished mutation of the PIK3CA gene in exon 20 (W1051 stop mutation) was found in one case of adenocarcinoma NOS. The impact of this mutation on the biological behaviour of the tumour has yet to be explored, however the patient with adenocarcinoma NOS harbouring this mutation has survived for over 20 years following surgery despite a high stage at presentation. Further studies with more homogeneous patient cohorts are needed to address whether this mutation reflects a different clinical presentation and may benefit from targeted treatment strategies. Copyright © 2015 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Myogenic tone is impaired at low arterial pressure in mice deficient in the low-voltage-activated CaV 3.1 T-type Ca(2+) channel.

    PubMed

    Björling, K; Morita, H; Olsen, M F; Prodan, A; Hansen, P B; Lory, P; Holstein-Rathlou, N-H; Jensen, L J

    2013-04-01

    Using mice deficient in the CaV 3.1 T-type Ca(2+) channel, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the molecular identity of non-L-type channels involved in vascular tone regulation in mesenteric arteries and arterioles. We used immunofluorescence microscopy to localize CaV 3.1 channels, patch clamp electrophysiology to test the effects of a putative T-type channel blocker NNC 55-0396 on whole-cell Ca(2+) currents, pressure myography and Ca(2+) imaging to test diameter and Ca(2+) responses of the applied vasoconstrictors, and Q-PCR to check mRNA expression levels of several Ca(2+) handling proteins in wild-type and CaV 3.1(-/-) mice. Our data indicated that CaV 3.1 channels are important for the maintenance of myogenic tone at low pressures (40-80 mm Hg), whereas they are not involved in high-voltage-activated Ca(2+) currents, Ca(2+) entry or vasoconstriction to high KCl in mesenteric arteries and arterioles. Furthermore, we show that NNC 55-0396 is not a specific T-type channel inhibitor, as it potently blocks L-type and non-L-type high-voltage-activated Ca(2+) currents in mouse mesenteric vascular smooth muscle cell. Our data using mice deficient in the CaV 3.1 T-type channel represent new evidence for the involvement of non-L-type channels in arteriolar tone regulation. We showed that CaV 3.1 channels are important for the myogenic tone at low arterial pressure, which is potentially relevant under resting conditions in vivo. Moreover, CaV 3.1 channels are not involved in Ca(2+) entry and vasoconstriction to large depolarization with, for example, high KCl. Finally, we caution against using NNC 55-0396 as a specific T-type channel blocker in native cells expressing high-voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels. Acta Physiologica © 2013 Scandinavian Physiological Society.

  1. Hydrothermal synthesis and tunable luminescence of CaSiO{sub 3}:RE{sup 3+}(RE{sup 3+} = Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect

    Fu, Linlin; Yang, Xingxing; Fu, Zuoling, E-mail: zlfu@jlu.edu.cn

    2015-05-15

    Highlights: • Near-spherical CaSiO{sub 3} nanocrystals were synthesized via a hydrothermal method. • The effect of calcination temperature on crystalline phase formation was discussed. • Optical properties of trivalent ions doped CaSiO{sub 3} nanocrystals were investigated. • Tunable luminescence of CaSiO{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} can be achieved by a simple method. - Abstract: CaSiO{sub 3}:RE{sup 3+} (RE{sup 3+} = Eu{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}, Tb{sup 3+}, Dy{sup 3+}) nanocrystals were prepared by facile hydrothermal method with further calcinations. The crystal structure and the effects of annealing temperature on phase transition have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The photoluminescence (PL)more » and PL excitation (PLE) spectra were used to characterize the optical properties of all samples. The effect of Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} doping concentrations on the luminescent intensity were also investigated in details, respectively. Moreover, the luminescence colors of the Tb{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} co-doped CaSiO{sub 3} samples can be tuned by simply adjusting the relative doping concentrations of the rare earth ions under a single wavelength excitation, which might find potential applications in the fields of light display systems and optoelectronic devices.« less

  2. Microwave sol–gel synthesis and upconversion photoluminescence properties of CaGd{sub 2}(WO{sub 4}){sub 4}:Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} phosphors with incommensurately modulated structure

    SciTech Connect

    Lim, Chang Sung; Aleksandrovsky, Aleksandr; Department of Photonics and Laser Technologies, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk 660079

    2015-08-15

    CaGd{sub 2−x}(WO{sub 4}){sub 4}:Er{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} phosphors with the doping concentrations of Er{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} (x=Er{sup 3+}+Yb{sup 3+}, Er{su