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Sample records for primary retroperitoneal teratoma

  1. Primary retroperitoneal teratoma in the adult: correlation of MRI features with CT and pathology.

    PubMed

    Bellin, M F; Duron, J J; Curet, P; Dion-Voirin, E; Grellet, J

    1991-01-01

    Primary benign teratoma of the retroperitoneum is a rare tumor in the adult population. Only one case with an MRI examination has been reported in the English literature. This paper describes the CT and MRI features of a retroperitoneal teratoma in a 24-year-old male and discusses the value of MRI in the diagnosis and the preoperative imaging of such a tumor.

  2. Primary retroperitoneal teratoma in an adult: ultrasonographic, computer tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrations.

    PubMed

    Hirano, S; Kawaguchi, S; Mikawa, I; Karino, T; Kitagawa, K; Saito, K

    1988-11-01

    A 25-year-old male patient with a primary retroperitoneal teratoma is described. The chief complaint was right hypochondralgia during exercise for seven days. Various diagnostic imagings disclosed an expansive, heterogeneous and fat-rich mass associated with multiple cystic lesions in the right suprarenal fossa. Sagittal, transaxial and coronal magnetic resonance imaging scan visualized the extent and character of the tumor very clearly. Histological examination of the tumor removed through a thoracoabdominal approach showed cystic teratoma with out malignant transformations.

  3. Colonic-type adenocarcinoma arising in a primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Wang L; Cao, Dengfeng

    2008-12-01

    A 47-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain was found to have a 20 cm cystic retroperitoneal mass. Pathology indicated a colonic-type adenocarcinoma arising in a primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma. The adenocarcinoma was predominantly intracystic with focal superficial invasion into the cyst wall but not beyond the teratoma capsule. Immunohistochemistry showed that the adenocarcinoma cells were diffusely positive for cytokeratin 20 (CK20) and caudal-type homeobox transcription factor-2 (CDX2) but negative for CK7, confirming the colonic phenotype. In addition, the adenocarcinoma was seen adjacent to teratomatous colonic-type mucosa with adenomatous change (i.e. adenoma), suggesting that it was probably arising from a colonic-type adenoma within the teratoma. The carcinoma had a higher Ki-67 proliferation index and had a higher percentage of cells stained for p53 than the adjacent adenomatous lesion. To the authors' knowledge this is the first documented case in which a colonic-type adenocarcinoma was seen arising from a precursor lesion (i.e. a colonic-type adenoma in a primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma) and is the second case of intestinal-type adenocarcinoma arising in a primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma.

  4. Primary adrenal teratoma: Clinical characteristics and retroperitoneal laparoscopic resection in five adults

    PubMed Central

    LI, SHUQIANG; LI, HANZHONG; JI, ZHIGANG; YAN, WEIGANG; ZHANG, YUSHI

    2015-01-01

    Primary adrenal teratoma is extremely rare. To investigate the clinical characteristics and further enrich the limited knowledge on its diagnosis and treatment, the present study retrospectively analyzed the detailed clinical data of five patients with primary adrenal teratomas treated in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital (Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China) between March 2009 and February 2014. The five patients were female, aged from 16 to 51 years (mean, 36.0±16.3 years), with solitary lesions that were incidentally found on routine physical examinations. The tumor size ranged from 2.4 to 9.0 cm (mean, 6.0±2.7 cm). Ultrasonography revealed a mixed echo in four patients, and computed tomography showed mixed density masses with fat components and calcification in three patients. Adrenal-related endocrine tests were normal in all five patients, and no abnormalities were found in the three patients who underwent somatostatin receptor scintigraphy examination. All patients were treated with retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery, with no complications, and the resected tumors were identified as mature cystic teratomas pathologically. To date, the patients have been followed up for 4–60 months post-operatively, with no recurrence. In conclusion, this rare adrenal teratoma is an occult entity to which reproductive females are susceptible. The tumor exhibits no typical clinical manifestations or adrenal-related laboratory abnormalities, and the pre-operative diagnosis mainly relies on imaging characteristics of a heterogeneous lesion containing fat components with scattered and marginal calcifications. The preferred treatment is retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery, and the prognosis is good. PMID:26722254

  5. Ovarian and retroperitoneal teratomas in a dog.

    PubMed

    Nagashima, Y; Hoshi, K; Tanaka, R; Shibazaki, A; Fujiwara, K; Konno, K; Machida, N; Yamane, Y

    2000-07-01

    A 2-year-old female Labrador retriever was presented with anorexia and abdominal distention. Laparotomy revealed the presence of a 31-cm ovoid mass in the portion of the left ovary and an 11-cm round mass in the left retroperitoneal region. Both masses were surgically removed. Histopathological examination of the masses revealed a mixture of tissues characteristic of teratomas, such as multiple bronchial and intestinal cysts, hair follicles, sebaceous and apocrine sweat glands, and neuron tissue with intervening cartilage, bone and fat tissue. This paper appears to be the first report of primary retroperitoneal teratoma in the dog.

  6. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma.

    PubMed

    Abedalthagafi, Malak; Jackson, Patrick G; Ozdemirli, Metin

    2009-01-01

    Primary mucinous neoplasms of the retroperitoneum, including mucinous cystadenocarcinomas, mucinous borderline tumors, and mucinous cystadenomas are uncommon tumors found exclusively in women. Since the retroperitoneum does not contain mucinous epithelium, the origin, and histogenesis of these tumors remain unclear. It is speculated that these tumors can arise from teratomas, supernumerary ovaries, or mucinous metaplasia of the retroperitoneal mesothelium. We describe a case of a primary mucinous cystadenoma of the retroperitoneum in a 44 year-old female that presented as a palpable abdominal mass. There was no evidence of recurrence 16 months after complete laparoscopic excision of the tumor. The morphology and immunohistochemical analysis in this case support the hypothesis that mucinous metaplasia of the retroperitoneal mesothelium overlying a preceding inclusion cyst can give rise to retroperitoneal mucinous tumors.

  7. Retroperitoneal teratoma in a skunk (Mephitis mephitis).

    PubMed

    Munday, John S; Fairchild, Steve E; Brown, Cathy A

    2004-09-01

    A 4-yr-old striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) developed an 11- x 7- x 7-cm retroperitoneal mass caudal to the left kidney. The mass was surgically excised and, on the basis of histology and immunohistochemistry, diagnosed as a benign teratoma. Six months later, a second histologically similar neoplasm was excised from the same location and was considered to represent local tumor recurrence. The skunk died 16 mo later without recurrence. Complete excision of the tumor appeared curative in this case and supported the benign diagnosis. An extragonadal teratoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis for an abdominal mass in a skunk.

  8. [Pelvic retroperitoneal teratoma. A case report].

    PubMed

    Becerril-González, Ana Norma Gricelda; Pérez-Martínez, Andrés; Sereno-Coló, José Antonio

    2013-12-01

    Teratomas are congenital tumors comprising of tissues arising from pluripotent embryonic cells. Their common sites of occurrences are ovary, testis, mediastinum and retroperitoneum. Retroperitoneal teratomas are extremely rare in adults but occur in 3% of children. The presence of a cystic or complex adnexal mass during pregnancy is common with mature teratoma reported in approximately 30-50% of pregnancies. The ultrasound is the number one method of detection. The use of tumor markers is limited because it alters its value during pregnancy. We report a case of a 18 year old female patient who came to the General Hospital Dr. Miguel Silva in Morelia, Michoacán with a gestation age of 10.2 weeks and a recent diagnosis of an asymptomatic adnexal mass. Using the transvaginal approach, the ultrasound reported an irregular gestational sac with the absence of cardiac activity in the embryo. A diffusely echogenic adnexal mass with oval appearance, wall regularity and homogeneous internal echos of 12.96 x 8.99 cm. Exploratory laparotomy was performed finding normal uterus and ovaries, with the posterior retroperitoneal resection of the 15 cm multi-lobed tumor. The surgical specimen measured 13 x 12 x 8 cm, had a brownish color, wall irregularity, soft consistency, multi-lobed, and a yellowish interior greasy material. Microscopically the tumor is delimited with a firm capsule composed of a hyaline-fibrous tissue, lined by squamous keratinized epithelium, with multiple layers of keratin. This anato-pathologic finding is diagnostic of retroperitoneum mature teratoma.

  9. Retroperitoneal teratoma in a domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

    PubMed

    Mutinelli, Franco; Carminato, Antonio; Bozzato, Elisa; Marchioro, Wendy; Trevisan, Laura; Vascellari, Marta

    2009-03-01

    Teratomas are histologically complex tumors arising from germ cells of two or three embryonic layers either in the gonads or occasionally from germ cells that mistakenly migrated to ectopic sites. A case of retroperitoneal teratoma in a regularly slaughtered 4-month-old, male domestic rabbit is reported. A pale reddish, 3 x 4 cm, fibrous mass was detected, loosely connected to the parietal wall in the retroperitoneal region cranial to the kidney. Histologically, the neoplasm contained tissues from ectodermal, endodermal and mesodermal germ layers: nerves and neurons simulating ganglia, cysts lined by squamous epithelium containing keratin and hair, skin adnexa; respiratory glandular epithelium, serous and salivary glands; collagenous connective tissue, muscle fibers, mature cartilage and bone, bone marrow, teeth and fat. To the authors' knowledge this is the first report of a retroperitoneal teratoma in the rabbit.

  10. Paget's disease in a retroperitoneal teratoma.

    PubMed

    Zaino, R J

    1984-07-01

    Extragonadal, mature teratomas of the retroperitoneum are rare, with fewer than 100 cases having been reported. The frequency of malignancy arising from one of the benign elements in this location is unknown, but it appears to be low. A unique feature of this case is the presence of Paget's disease in the squamous cyst lining of a mature teratoma that harbored an adenocarcinoma.

  11. Immunocytochemical and ultrastructural findings in a mature retroperitoneal teratoma.

    PubMed

    Warson, F; Smets, G; Gepts, W; Velkeniers, B; Vanhaelst, L; Sacre, R; Peters, O

    1987-12-01

    Report is made of a mature retroperitoneal teratoma in a 32-year-old man. Investigation of the tumor revealed cells immunoreactive for ACTH, Met-enkephalin, beta-LPH, serotonin, FSH, BPP, S100, Neuron-specific-enolase. These cells were mainly present in the glandular epithelium, lining the cysts of the tumor. Ultrastructurally, neuro-secretory granules were demonstrated in the cytoplasm of the tumoral endocrine cells. At no time did the patient display endocrine symptoms.

  12. Primary medulla oblongata teratomas.

    PubMed

    Li, Da; Hao, Shu-Yu; Wu, Zhen; Zhang, Li-Wei; Zhang, Jun-Ting

    2014-09-01

    Medulla oblongata teratomas are rare. The authors report 2 new cases of teratomas that occurred exclusively in the medulla oblongata. The first case was in a 9-year-old boy who presented with a 6-month history of neck pain and repeated paroxysmal vomiting. Based on preoperative radiographic findings, the initial diagnosis was of an intraaxial medulla oblongata hemangioblastoma. Intraoperatively, the cystic component of the tumor was gray, gelatinous, and soft in consistency. The solid component was light pink, rubbery, and nodular in appearance, with an identifiable boundary. The lesion was completely removed. Histopathological investigation revealed a mature teratoma. Postoperatively, the patient was supported with ventilator assistance and received a tracheotomy, but died of intracranial infection. The second case was in a 10-year-old boy with intermittent headache for 1 month. Radiographs revealed an exophytic cystic and solid lesion with dorsal involvement of the medulla oblongata. The lesion was predominantly solid, pinkish gray, tenacious, and moderately vascularized, with clearly delineated surgical dissection planes. The histopathological examination confirmed a diagnosis of immature teratoma. Total resection was achieved, followed by postoperative chemotherapy. He was alive without recurrence of the lesion or symptoms at 59 months after surgery. Resection of medulla oblongata teratoma is challenging, with inherent surgical risks that are contingent on the tumor growth pattern. Teratomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of brainstem lesions. Chemotherapy has been suggested for immature teratomas. Long-term follow-up and larger studies of teratomas in unusual locations are required to improve practitioners' understanding of this disease's treatment and outcomes.

  13. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma.

    PubMed

    Rifki Jai, S; Bouffetal, R; Chehab, F; Khaiz, D; Bouzidi, A

    2009-09-01

    Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystic tumors are extremely rare, and although their histopathogenesis is still uncertain, several theories have been proposed. Traditionally, transabdominal laparotomy and enucleation of the cyst is the treatment of choice. The anatomopathological examination of the mass is imperative in the fact to eliminate malignant lesions. We report the case of a 43-year-old woman, with primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystic tumor, revealed by an abdomino-pelvic mass. During laparotomy, a totality of the tumor was removed. The anatomopathologic study permitted the diagnosis.

  14. Primary Retroperitoneal Mucinous Cystadenoma.

    PubMed

    Lee, Seok Youn; Han, Weon Cheol

    2016-02-01

    Mucinous cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinomas of the ovary are clinically and histopathologically well-established common tumors. However, primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystic tumors are extremely rare, and although their histopathogenesis is still uncertain, several theories have been proposed. Most authors suggest that they develop through mucinous metaplasia in a preexisting mesothelium-lined cyst. An accurate preoperative diagnosis of these tumors is difficult because no effective diagnostic measures have been established. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of this tumor may be fatal for the patient because of complications such as rupture, infection, and malignant transformation. We describe the case of a 31-year-old woman with abdominal pain and a palpable mass. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a retroperitoneal cystic mass, which was resected successfully through laparoscopy. Histopathological examination of the resected mass confirmed the diagnosis of a primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 5 without any complications.

  15. [Primary retroperitoneal hydatidosis].

    PubMed

    Benejam Gual, J M; Rioja Sanz, C; Cuesta Presedo, J M; Gil Martínez, P; Bono Ariño, A; Rioja Sanz, L A

    1997-05-01

    Genitourinary involvement by the Echinococcus granulosus larvae (urinary hydatidosis) ranks third in order of frequency after liver and lung involvement. The finding of a primary hydatidic cyst with retroperitoneal location is an uncommon fact. This paper presents once case of this infrequent disease. A revision of the different etiopathogenic mechanisms, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic approaches is made.

  16. Primary renal teratoma: a rare entity

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Teratomas are neoplasms that arise from pluripotent cells and can differentiate along one or more embryonic germ lines. Renal teratoma is an exceedingly rare condition. Teratomas commonly arise in the gonads, sacrococcygeal region, pineal gland, and retroperitoneum. They present mainly as an abdominal mass with few other symptoms. Majority of the tumors are benign, situated on the left side and para renal, occasional lesions are bilateral. If diagnosed early, they are amenable to curative excision. Renal teratomas are rare and most have been dismissed as cases of teratoid nephroblastomas or retroperitoneal teratomas secondarily invading the kidney. The differentiation between these two neoplasms in the kidney is often problematic. We present a case of intrarenal immature teratoma in a six-month-old baby girl. Virtual slides The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1746249869599954. PMID:23800134

  17. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Nelson, H; Benjamin, B; Alberty, R

    1988-05-15

    A case of primary retroperitoneal cystadenocarcinoma is presented as the fourth reported case in the world literature to date. The cyst was removed intact and demonstrated an infiltrating malignant process with nuclear pleomorphism and mitotic activity. No ovarian tissue was identified and a cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) test was normal. The patient underwent a staging procedure subsequently that included peritoneal washings, hysterectomy, bilateral salpingoophorectomy, and iliac node dissection. No metastases were found and the patient is without recurrence 22 months postoperative. The literature is reviewed to better define the origin and prognosis of these tumors.

  18. Primary Retroperitoneal Myxoid Liposarcomas

    PubMed Central

    Setsu, Nokitaka; Miyake, Mototaka; Wakai, Susumu; Nakatani, Fumihiko; Kobayashi, Eisuke; Chuman, Hirokazu; Hiraoka, Nobuyoshi; Kawai, Akira

    2016-01-01

    Myxoid liposarcomas (MLSs) are genetically defined by the presence of DDIT3 gene fusions and most commonly arise in the extremities of young adults. Whether MLSs develop primarily in the retroperitoneum is controversial, and a recent retrospective study found no molecularly confirmed examples. Because MLSs tend to metastasize to deep soft tissues, purported examples of primary retroperitoneal lesions might represent distant metastasis, most commonly from extremities. In addition, well-differentiated or dedifferentiated liposarcomas, which are characterized by MDM2 amplifications, may exhibit prominent myxoid changes and mimic MLSs. Here, we document 5 cases of MLSs that originated in the retroperitoneum that were identified through critical clinicopathologic reevaluation. These cases accounted for 2.3% of 214 primary retroperitoneal liposarcomas and 3.2% of 156 MLSs in our database. They occurred in 3 men and 2 women with a median age of 32 years. All tumors were localized to the retroperitoneum at presentation, and no patient developed extra-abdominal recurrences during the clinical course (median, 50 mo). All 5 cases exhibited at least focal classic histologic findings. All harbored DDIT3 gene rearrangements, and none harbored MDM2 amplifications according to fluorescence in situ hybridization. This study demonstrates that primary MLSs can occur in the retroperitoneum, albeit rarely, and can be accurately diagnosed through combined clinicopathologic and molecular analysis. PMID:27158758

  19. Mature cystic retroperitoneal teratoma with well differentiated renal elements: relation to spinal dysraphism.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Anand; Sabharwal, Arvind; Yadav, Nandini; Gupta, R K; Patir, Rana

    2014-06-01

    Retroperitoneum is a relatively uncommon site for pediatric teratomas. Rarely, such tumors can have an intraspinal extension and few cases of retroperitoneal teratomas associated with spinal dysraphism have been reported. Teratomas consist of tissues arising from all three embryonic layers. However, mature renal tissues in the form of glomeruli and tubules are sparingly found in teratomas. A 15-day-old female presented with spina bifida occulta and on evaluation a cystic presacral mass was detected. Intraoperatively the cyst was found densely adherent to the hemivertebrae but not entering the spinal canal. Histopathological examination confirmed a mature cystic teratoma but also demonstrated presence of mature renal elements in the cyst wall. The teratomas lying in proximity to spine and associated with spinal dysraphism are likely to contain mature renal tissues or even nephroblastic elements. It supports the dysembryogenic model of origin of intradural teratomas from native progenitor cells rather than aberrantly migrated germ cells.

  20. Asymptomatic retroperitoneal dermoid cyst (benign cystic teratoma) in a 64-year-old male: an autopsy case report.

    PubMed

    Honoré, L H

    1980-01-01

    A primary retroperitoneal dermoid cyst (benign cystic teratoma) is described in a 64-year-old male, who died postoperatively of a leaking grafted abdominal aortic aneurysm. The asymptomatic tumor, measuring 12 cm in greatest diameter, showed an extensive sclerosing lipogranulomatous reaction in its wall and wide-spread adhesions to the vital organs in the right hypochondrium. This patient is the oldest on record with such a lesion.

  1. CT evaluation of primary benign retroperitoneal tumor.

    PubMed

    Hayasaka, K; Yamada, T; Saitoh, Y; Yoshikawa, D; Aburano, T; Hashimoto, H; Yachiku, S

    1994-01-01

    We studied CT patterns in 21 cases of primary benign retroperitoneal tumor including teratoma in nine cases, schwannoma in six, leiomyoma in three, lipoma in one, lymphangioma in one, and neurofibroma in one. The tumors were analyzed for size, internal homogeneity, CT density, calcification, border with neighboring organs, and contrast enhancement (CE). The mean diameter of the tumors was 10.2 (+/- 4.8) cm. Internal homogeneous distribution was observed in 33%, calcification in 43%, and well-defined border in 86%. The CT density and calcification were compared according to histology, and the results were as follows: teratoma showed fat density in 78%, water density in 100%, and calcification in 89%; schwannoma showed water density in 100% and septal CE in 33%; leiomyoma showed soft tissue density in 100%, CE in 100%, and water density in 33%; lipoma showed fat density and calcification; and lymphangioma and neurofibroma showed water density. Internal homogeneity, fat density, cyst formation, and calcification are considered to be important predictors of primary benign retroperitoneal tumor on CT.

  2. Primary retroperitoneal pelvic echinococcal cyst.

    PubMed

    Kalogeris, K G; Christoforidis, L I; Milioudis, N M

    1986-06-01

    We report a case of a single primary retroperitoneal echinococcal cyst located in the pelvis. There were no other hydatid cysts in any other organ. The cyst was excised and serological tests returned to normal.

  3. [A case of retroperitoneal teratoma difficult to distinguish from adrenal myelolipoma].

    PubMed

    Yumura, Y; Chiba, K; Urushibara, M; Saito, K; Hirokawa, M

    2000-12-01

    A 59-year-old man presented to our hospital suspected of having cholelithiasis. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a left retroperitoneal solid tumor cephalad to the kidney, 7 x 8 x 9 cm in size with mostly a fatty density area and focal calcification. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on T1 and T2 weighted images showed a high intensity mass. Angiography revealed the hypovascular tumor. Although we had suspected it to be an adrenal myelolipoma, tumorectomy was performed because of its size. Pathological diagnosis was mature teratoma. Although retroperitoneal teratoma contains fas, cyst, soft tissue and calcification, the proportion of fat in the tumor is usually less than that of adrenal myelolipoma. In our case, the tumor contained more fat than the 'typical' retroperitoneal teratoma, which led to the misdiagnosis.

  4. [Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of a cystic coccygeal teratoma with retroperitoneal extension].

    PubMed

    Goldhofer, W; Merz, E; Bauer, H; Koltai, I L

    1986-02-01

    The most common teratoma of th newborn is the sacrococcygeal, which contains tissues of all three germinal layers. It is located over and under the sacrum or the coccyx and may extend in front of the sacrum into the retroperitoneal region. The teratoma can lead to compression of the ureters with resultant hydronephrosis or to obstruction of the rectum. The most important complication is the malignant change which usually occurs between the fourth month and the third year. Because of the complications early diagnosis of the teratoma is necessary and extirpation should be carried out as soon as possible. The present paper reports on the sonographic findings in a sacrococcygeal teratoma with retroperitoneal extension at 37 weeks gestation. The aetiology and pathogenesis of this malformation and the clinical findings are discussed.

  5. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Çullu, N; Karakaş, Ö; Kiliçaslan, N; Konukoğlu, O; Karakaş, E

    2013-01-01

    Hydatid cyst is formed from parasitic infestation by Echinococcus granulosus, and may involve several bodily organs, primarily the liver and lungs. In endemic regions, hydatid cyst should be borne in mind in cases of retroperitoneal cystic masses. Diagnosis of hydatid cyst is made from radiological findings and serological test positivity. Hydatid cyst diagnosis can be made from typical radiological imaging findings. This paper presents the imaging findings of a 56-year old male with retroperitoneal hydatid cyst.

  6. Primary Mature Cystıc Teratoma Mimickıng an Adrenal Mass in an Adult Male Patient

    PubMed Central

    Ener, Kemal; Aldemir, Mustafa; Isik, Evren; Irkkan, Cigdem; Kayigil, Onder

    2014-01-01

    Teratomas are bizarre neoplasms derived from embryonic tissues that are typically found only in the gonadal and sacrococcygeal regions of adults. Primary retroperitoneal teratomas are rare and present challenging management options. We report a case of a unilateral primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma mimicking an adrenal mass in a 54-year-old male patient. Complete resection of the adrenal mass was performed by the flank approach by using the 11th rib resection. Because of the risk of malignancy, follow-up radiographic studies were performed to ensure the oncologic efficacy of resection. The patient has been free of recurrence for longer than 12 months. PMID:24578814

  7. [Primary Retroperitoneal Hydatid Cyst].

    PubMed

    Tali, Servet; Aksu, Ali; Bozdağ, Pınar Gündoğan; Bozdağ, Ahmet

    2015-09-01

    Hydatid disease is a parasitosis which is created by Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cysts most of ten settled in the liver and lungs. Hydatid cyst is rarely seen in retroperitoneal. Sixty-three year-old female patient was admitted to our hospital with complaints of abdominal distention and with back pain in the Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography images, on the posterior of the left kidney, in paravertebral area approximately 15 x 10 cm in size septal cystic lesion was observed retroperitoneally. At laparotomy, partial excision of the retroperitoneal cyst was performed and drainage of the cyst pouch was provided by suction drain. Suction drain was removed 5 days after surgery. Histopathological diagnosis is was reported as hydatid cyst. Hydatid disease is a endemic disease in our country and it should be known that has a typical placements.

  8. [Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst].

    PubMed

    Gündeş, Ebubekir; Küçükkartallar, Tevfik; Çakır, Murat

    2014-01-01

    Hydatid cysts cause diseases most frequently by localizing in the liver and the lungs. Hydatid cysts with retroperitoneal localization are very rare. A 45-year-old female patient presented to our hospital with complaints of back pain, weight loss, and fatigue. The computerized tomography (CT) revealed that the patient had a septated cystic lesion of about 8x7x6 cm localized in the posterior of the left kidney, in the paravertebral site causing destruction of the neighboring costa. During laparotomy, the wall of the cyst with retroperitoneal localization was partially excised and the remaining cavity was drained. The drain was removed on post-op day 5. The histopathological diagnosis was reported to be a hydatid cyst. No problems were seen during the follow-ups of the patient who was administered post-op albendazole. Hydatid cysts are an endemic disease in our country and it should be kept in mind that they also have atypical localizations.

  9. Mediastinal and retroperitoneal teratoma with focal gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Chang, Y-L; Wu, C-T; Lee, Y-C

    2006-09-01

    We report an unusual case of gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma arising in a giant posterior mediastinal mature cystic teratoma extending into the retroperitoneum, which was treated by complete excision with a good outcome for more than 2 years. Teratomas with malignant transformation are rare non-germ cell malignant tumors arising from a preexisting mature teratoma. Histological examination revealed that the cyst wall was composed of mature ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal elements. Neoplastic glands with a cribriform pattern were found in a small, solid nodule. Strong cytokeratin 20 cytoplasmic immunostaining of the tumor cells supported the diagnosis of gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma. In this report, we describe the potential aggressiveness of a giant mature cystic teratoma with adenocarcinoma and suggest that complete surgical resection without adjuvant chemotherapy be considered as a therapy in the treatment of teratoma with focal malignant transformation.

  10. Primary retroperitoneal echinococcal cyst.

    PubMed

    Gavriilidis, Paschalis; Ananiadis, Ananias; Theodoulidis, Vasilios; Barbanis, Sotirios

    2012-01-01

    A 74-year-old man was admitted with right flank pain and discomfort lasting for 2 months. CT scanning revealed a large retroperitoneal cystic mass. There were no cysts elsewhere. Serological testing revealed hydatid disease. Preoperatively he was treated by Albendazole 400 mg for 1 month and then underwent laparotomy. The entire mass was excised en bloc and intact and right hemicolectomy was simultaneously performed for excision of the adhered ascending colon. He recovered uneventfully and was discharged on the eighth day, Albendazole was given and follow-up visits were arranged for every 6 months. Total cystectomy in case of active echinococcal cysts remains the treatment of choice.

  11. [Benign retroperitoneal cystic teratoma with postoperative chylous ascites--a case report].

    PubMed

    Yokoyama, O; Nakajima, K; Nakashima, T; Ohkawa, M; Hisazumi, H; Matsubara, F

    1988-09-01

    A case of benign retroperitoneal cystic teratoma in a 62-year-old female is reported. The patient was admitted to our hospital for the purpose of extensive examination of a left abdominal mass. Radiological examinations including CT scanning revealed a large retroperitoneal mass arising in the left upper quadrant superior to the left kidney, containing cystic areas. The mass was removed by the thoracoabdominal approach under the diagnosis of cystic teratoma or liposarcoma. The margin of the mass was well demarcated and completely separated from other adjacent structures. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of benign cystic teratoma. From the 6th postoperative day, the discharge from a drainage tube, placed in the left retroperitoneal space, increased gradually and the discharge fluid became lipemic. The amount of daily discharge had a peak of approximately 400 ml on the 15th postoperative day. Total parenteral hyperalimentation was started on the 17th postoperative day under a diagnosis of chylous ascites. The amount of the discharge decreased and the drainage tube was removed on the 21st postoperative day.

  12. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a male patient.

    PubMed

    Thamboo, T P; Sim, R; Tan, S-Y; Yap, W-M

    2006-06-01

    Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinomas (PRMCs) are rare. This is the first reported case in the literature in English of PRMC in a man. The 64-year-old man presented with a large retroperitoneal cystic tumour measuring 24 x 20 x 16 cm3, which was removed intact. Areas ranging from a benign mucinous cyst to borderline mucinous tumour to mucinous cystadenocarcinoma were observed on microscopy. Strong patchy staining for cytokeratins 7 and 20 and strong diffuse staining for MUC2 and MUC5AC core peptides, similar to staining patterns in ovarian mucinous tumours, were shown in the benign and atypical epithelium. Staining for CA19.9 and carcinoembryonic antigen was also shown by both components. The theory of its origin from the mucinous metaplasia of peritoneal (mesothelial) inclusion cysts, rather than from ectopic ovarian tissue or ovarian teratomas, is supported by the occurrence of such a tumour in a male patient.

  13. Primary retroperitoneal tumours and cysts.

    PubMed

    Bors, G; Polyák, L; Frang, D

    1986-01-01

    The authors give a summarizing report on retroperitoneal tumours and cysts. They review the origin and classification of tumours and cysts, their diagnostic and differential diagnostic possibilities as well as the therapeutic measures. Finally, their own 3 cases are reported.

  14. Non-seminomatous germ cell tumors of the testis. Analysis of CEA production in primary tumors and in retroperitoneal lymph node metastases after PVB chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Suurmeijer, A J; Oosterhuis, J W; Marrink, J; Ockhuizen, T; Sleijfer, D T; Schraffordt Koops, H; Fleuren, G J

    1984-05-01

    In the present investigation we compared CEA immunoperoxidase staining in testicular tumors (before PVB chemotherapy) and retroperitoneal tumors (after PVB chemotherapy) with CEA levels in the cyst fluid of retroperitoneal mature teratoma and in the patients' serum. CEA had no value as a serum tumor marker since serum CEA elevations were not associated with tumor activity. Only one elevated CEA level after chemotherapy was associated with bleomycin pneumonitis. Despite normal serum levels, CEA was localized immunohistochemically in yolk sac tumor and mature teratoma in the primary tumors and in retroperitoneal mature teratoma following PVB chemotherapy. The presence of CEA in cells lining cystic mature teratoma was associated with high CEA levels in the cyst fluid.

  15. Sonographic appearance of primary retroperitoneal cysts.

    PubMed

    Derchi, L E; Rizzatto, G; Banderali, A; Sala, P; Larghero, G C; Solbiati, L

    1989-07-01

    The sonographic findings observed in four patients with primary retroperitoneal cysts were reviewed. All lesions presented as fluid-filled masses with anechoic content and regular margins; all increased through transmission. Preoperative location of the cysts within the retroperitoneal space was possible in all cases by either real-time ultrasound (US) analysis of the different relationships of the kidneys and the cysts during respiratory movements or the anterior displacement of surrounding structures. A differential diagnosis among retroperitoneal lesions containing fluid is difficult and cannot be obtained with imaging methods alone. However, preoperative knowledge of both the retroperitoneal location of the disease process and its fluid content may help to narrow the diagnostic possibilities, thus allowing the surgeon to more accurately plan the therapeutic approach to the patient.

  16. Case report of primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Yang, Gang; Wang, Xuejun; Mao, Yu; Liu, Wenying

    2011-09-01

    Hydatid cyst develops in retroperitoneal space without accompanied lesion in other organs is defined as primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst. It is extremely rare though hydatid cyst may affect every organ in human body. A 15 years old boy presented with a giant retroperitoneal cyst and hydatid cyst was suspected. Thorough examination did not revealed lesions in liver, lung, kidney or other organs. The diagnosis was confirmed through laparotomy. The diagnosis is difficult, but the possibility should be considered before operation to prevent spillage or fatal anaphylactic shock. Living in an endemic area, ultrasonography, CT or serology test is helpful in the diagnosis of this disease. Total cystectomy is the ideal surgery, if not possible or at high risk, partial pericystectomy is acceptable.

  17. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst: a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Yusuf Sherwani, Afak; Sarmast, ArifHussain; Malik, AjazAhmad; Shah, Mubashir; Q-Parray, Fazl; A-Wani, Muneer; Dangroo, Sajad

    2015-07-01

    Hydatid disease is a parasitic tapeworm infestation that usually involves liver and lungs. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid without liver and lung involvement is very rare. Surgery is the principle method of treatment for large retroperitoneal hydatid, whenever feasible. We report a case of primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst in 29-year-old male patient.

  18. A case of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma.

    PubMed

    Gotoh, K; Konaga, E; Arata, A; Takeuchi, H; Mano, S

    1992-02-01

    A rare case of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a 44-year-old woman is reported. The cystic tumor was delineated by CT and echography. The tumor was removed intact in the presence of bilateral normal ovaries and demonstrated an infiltrating malignant process. This neoplasm may have arisen from a supernumerary ovary. The patient died of recurrence 4 months after surgery. A comparison of the known cases indicates that aggressive treatment by hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in addition to cyst extirpation may improve prognosis.

  19. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a male patient: a case report.

    PubMed

    Hrora, Abdelmalek; Reggoug, Sanae; Jallal, Houda; Sabbah, Farid; Benamer, Abdessalam; Alaoui, Mouna; Raiss, Mohamed; Ahallat, Mohamed

    2009-01-01

    In the literature, 51 cases of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma have been published. We report the fourth case occurring in a male patient. The 42-year-old patient presented with multiple retroperitoneal cystic masses causing abdominal discomfort without alteration of the global clinical state. The masses were totally removed by a two-stage surgery. No other treatment has been introduced. After a follow-up of 6 months, the patient is disease-free. This rare tumor most likely arises from the mucinous metaplasia of peritoneal inclusion cysts rather than from ectopic ovarian tissue or ovarian teratomas. The occurrence of such a tumor in a male patient supports this theory. Preoperative diagnosis is mostly difficult. Clinical behavior and treatment are still controversial.

  20. [Primary retroperitoneal cyst in a 21-year-old woman].

    PubMed

    Thunedborg, L P; Rudnicki, P M

    1990-08-20

    A case of primary retroperitoneal cyst in a woman aged 21 years is presented. The cyst, which contained 6.5 litres, was treated by total excision. The diagnosis, treatment and classification are briefly described.

  1. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst with unusual clinical manifestation.

    PubMed

    Gürdal, Mesut; Kireççi, Sinan; Yücebaş, Ergin; Karaman, M Ihsan

    2004-01-01

    Although hydatid disease may affect any organ of the body, there are only a limited number of cases where the primary lesion is in the retroperitoneal region. Since the clinical and laboratory findings are nonspecific, the correct preoperative diagnosis may be difficult. A primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst that was given a preoperative diagnosis of adrenal mass and treated by adrenalectomy and partial nephrectomy is presented and discussed with the relevant literature.

  2. Extraosseous localization of technetium-99m MDP in benign cystic teratoma.

    PubMed

    Fuller, C; Leonard, J C

    1986-08-01

    Two cases of primary retroperitoneal benign teratoma, in which Tc-99m MDP localized in the primary tumor are presented. Localization of bone-imaging agents in neuroblastoma has been reported but, extraosseous localization of bone-imaging agents in teratomas has not been confirmed.

  3. [Primary retroperitoneal enteric cyst in an adult].

    PubMed

    Kondor, Ariella; Hajdu, Gábor; Zöllei, István; Bende, Mariann

    2005-06-01

    The posterior mediastinum is the usual location of enteric cysts. They can be located at any part of the posterior mediastinum adjacent to the oesophagus, but communication with that structure is rare. Approximately 60 percent of the cysts occur in infants less than one year of age, and symptoms of tracheal or oesophageal obstruction are common. The cysts usually contain clear, colorless mucoid fluid. The authors describe here a successfully treated enteric cyst with an unusual, retroperitoneal location, which presented in an adult.

  4. Primary retroperitoneal Merkel cell carcinoma: Case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Quiroz-Sandoval, Osvaldo A.; Cuellar-Hubbe, Mario; Lino-Silva, Leonardo S.; Salcedo-Hernández, Rosa A.; López-Basave, Horacio N.; Padilla-Rosciano, Alejandro E.; León-Takahashi, Alberto M.; Herrera-Gómez, Ángel

    2015-01-01

    Background Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma that affects elderly patients and typically arises in sun-exposed skin. The disease is very rare and only few cases present with no apparent skin lesion. In the retroperitoneum there are only two cases reported in the literature. Case presentation We report a case of a 54-year-old Mexican male with MCC, which presented as a large retroperitoneal mass. Pathological and immunohistochemical analysis of the transabdominal CT-guided biopsy specimen revealed a MCC. The patient underwent preoperative chemotherapy followed by a laparotomy and the mass was successfully excised. Discussion There are two possible explanations for what occurred in our patient. The most plausible theory is the retroperitoneal mass could be a massively enlarged lymph node where precursor cells became neoplastic. This would be consistent with a presumptive diagnosis of primary nodal disease. Moreover, metastasis to the retroperitoneal lymph nodes has been reported as relatively common when compared to other sites such as liver, bone, brain and skin. The less probable theory is the non-described “regression” phenomena of a cutaneous MCC, but we are not found a primary skin lesion. Conclusion Preoperative chemotherapy and excision of the primary tumor is the surgical treatment of choice for retroperitoneal MCC. We propose that further studies are needed to elucidate the true efficacy of chemotherapy in conventional and unconventional patients with MCC. PMID:26708276

  5. Laparoscopic management of a large primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Marwah, Sanjay; Kamal, Hemant; Marwah, Nisha

    2010-10-01

    Hydatid cysts usually involve the liver and lungs, but any other organ can potentially be involved and these can mimic numerous pathologies; however, primary involvement of the retroperitoneum and presentation as a left-sided abdominal mass is quite unusual. A 30-year-old male presented with a large cystic lump in the left side of the abdomen that was diagnosed as a primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst by a computed tomography scan and serology. The patient was managed successfully by minimal access surgery. This report highlights that a primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst is a rare clinical entity and should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses in patients presenting with a cystic mass in the retroperitoneum. In the present era of minimal access surgery, it can be safely managed with a laparoscopic approach.

  6. [The importance of angiography in primary retroperitoneal tumors (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Bardach, G; Grabenwöger, F

    1982-08-01

    During the past ten years, 18 patients with primary retroperitoneal tumours were operated on in the Second Surgical Department of Vienna University. Angiography was performed preoperatively in seven patients. In five out of seven patients, the origin of the tumour and its histological grade could be determined angiographically. Hence, angiography is indicated if surgery is contemplated in addition to the more recent tomographic imaging techniques (ultrasound, computed tomography).

  7. Adult primary retroperitoneal cavernous hemangioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    He, Hang; Du, Zunguo; Hao, Sijie; Yao, Lie; Yang, Feng; Di, Yang; Li, Ji; Jiang, Yongjian; Jin, Chen; Fu, Deliang

    2012-01-01

    Primary retroperitoneal cavernous hemangioma (PRCH) in an adult is extremely rare. We report on the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with PRCH with subtle clinical features and atypical findings on imaging scans. A 38-year-old man was admitted to hospital with a 5-day history of epigastralgia after alcohol drinking. Using various imaging methods, we found a giant cyst-like retroperitoneal mass compressing the surrounding organs. Surgical resection of the tumor was performed, and the mass was found to be a cavernous hemangioma measuring 90 × 80 × 60 mm, with a thick fibrotic wall and extensive intracystic hemorrhage. Physicians should be aware that PRCH may mimic a cystic neoplasm, and that a large tumor size probably indicates intracystic hemorrhage. Surgical resection is a curative approach for PRCH.

  8. The growing teratoma syndrome: an unusual manifestation of treated, nonseminomatous germ cell tumors of the testis.

    PubMed

    Lorigan, J G; Eftekhari, F; David, C L; Shirkhoda, A

    1988-08-01

    Residual masses are a common finding after chemotherapy for retroperitoneal and other metastases from nonseminomatous germ cell tumors of the testis. These may contain mature teratoma, fibrotic tissue, or tumor. Mature teratoma, which is unresponsive to chemotherapy, may result from evolution of a malignant lesion during treatment, or it may represent a metastasis from a focus of mature teratoma in the primary testicular tumor. An enlarging retroperitoneal mass during the course of chemotherapy is usually due to treatment failure but rarely may be due to an enlarging mature teratoma, the so-called growing teratoma syndrome. This report concerns five patients with nonseminomatous germ cell tumors metastatic to the retroperitoneum in whom mature teratomas were found at surgery. These tumors had grown despite the administration of combination systemic chemotherapy, and the cystic component had increased in size. Three patients had evidence of urinary tract compression, three had vascular compression or displacement, and one had gastrointestinal compression. The retroperitoneal mass was excised in each patient, and all are alive 4-27 months after surgery without evidence of recurrence. Growing mature teratoma is unresponsive to chemotherapy but is cured by surgical excision. The possibility of the growing teratoma syndrome should be considered so that these lesions can be treated appropriately.

  9. Immunotherapy in a rare case of primary pelvic retroperitoneal melanoma.

    PubMed

    Talag, Maria Monica; Alsharedi, Mohamed; Bou Zgheib, Nadim; Lebowicz, Yehuda

    2016-01-01

    Recent advances in novel immunotherapeutic and targeted therapeutic agents have increased treatment options in patients with advanced metastatic melanoma. However, evidence in the literature on whether or not extracutaneous melanoma will acquire an equivalent advantage from these therapies is very scarce. In general, extracutaneous melanomas are rare and aggressive melanomas, which are clinically and biologically unique, with higher incidence of metastatic disease and poor prognosis. In this case report, we present a very rare case of a 54-year-old woman with primary pelvic retroperitoneal melanoma treated with an anti-PD-1 antibody, pembrolizumab. Furthermore, we explore the role of novel immunotherapies in the treatment of advanced melanoma. PMID:27624447

  10. Uncommon primary pelvic retroperitoneal masses in adults: a pattern-based imaging approach.

    PubMed

    Shanbhogue, Alampady K; Fasih, Najla; Macdonald, David B; Sheikh, Adnan M; Menias, Christine O; Prasad, Srinivasa R

    2012-01-01

    There is a broad spectrum of primary pelvic retroperitoneal masses in adults that demonstrate characteristic epidemiologic and histopathologic features and natural histories. These masses may be classified into five distinct subgroups using a pattern-based approach that takes anatomic distribution and certain imaging characteristics into account, allowing greater accuracy in their detection and characterization and helping to optimize patient management. The five groups are cystic (serous and mucinous epithelial neoplasms, pelvic lymphangioma, tailgut cyst, ancient schwannoma), vascular or hypervascular (solitary fibrous tumor, paraganglioma, pelvic arteriovenous malformation, Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber syndrome, extraintestinal GIST [gastrointestinal stromal tumor]), fat-containing (lipoma, liposarcoma, myelolipoma, presacral teratoma), calcified (calcified lymphocele, calcified rejected transplant kidney, rare sarcomas), and myxoid (schwannoma, plexiform neurofibroma, myxoma).Cross-sectional imaging modalities help differentiate the more common gynecologic neoplasms from more unusual masses. In particular, the tissue-specific multiplanar capability of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging permits better tumor localization and internal characterization, thereby serving as a road map for surgery.

  11. Primary retroperitoneal cysts: report of an unusual case and a survey of the literature.

    PubMed

    Procter, C D; Bivins, B A; Griffen, W O; Cibull, M L

    1982-08-01

    A case of a primary retroperitoneal cyst was associated with the chemical abnormalities of Cushing's disease and pheochromocytoma. Review of the literature failed to uncover a similar endocrinologically active retroperitoneal cyst. Primary retroperitoneal cysts, defined as those cysts lying in the retroperitoneal fatty tissue that have no apparent connections with any adult anatomical structure, are rare. These cysts are thought to arise from the mesonephros. They become symptomatic by virtue of their size or position. Diagnosis is suggested by an abnormal intravenous pyelogram and may be confirmed by arteriography. Treatment of choice is excision.

  12. Primary retroperitoneal Müllerian adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Kei; Kobayashi, Yoichi; Shibuya, Hiromi; Nishigaya, Yoshiko; Momomura, Mai; Matsumoto, Hironori; Iwashita, Mitsutoshi

    2014-06-01

    Primary retroperitoneal Müllerian adenocarcinoma (PRMA) is an extremely rare tumor and the cause remains unknown. We report a case of PRMA arising from endometriosis. A 52-year-old woman with a history of malignant lymphoma underwent a follow-up computed tomography scan, which revealed a retroperitoneal tumor. Immunohistochemical analysis of tumor resected during laparoscopic surgery showed adenocarcinoma positive for cytokeratin 7 and negative for cytokeratin 20. The patient had undergone hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy 14 years ago for myoma uteri and endometrial cysts and was treated with estrogen-replacement therapy. The size of the tumor increased and laparotomy was performed. Histopathological examination showed adenocarcinoma resembling endometrial adenocarcinoma, which stained positive for cancer antigen 125, cancer antigen 19-9, estrogen receptor, and progesterone receptor immunohistochemically. The focus of the endometriosis was found at the edge of the tumor, and the stromal cells around the tumor cells were CD10 positive. The patient was diagnosed as having PRMA arising from endometriosis, and treated with adjuvant chemotherapy.

  13. [Retroperitoneal enteroid cyst].

    PubMed

    Patel, J C; Monneins, F; Louvel, A

    1975-04-01

    The author report a case of enteroid retroperitoneal cyst treated by enucleation. Such a lesion raises mainly the problem of histological recognition and embryological interpretation for which there are two possible theories: (1) Uptake, before sealing off of the embryo, of a cell group of endoblastic origin which develops some distance from the digestive tract. (2) Retroperitoneal course of a simple teratoma of enteroid type. Such a possibility of teratoma leaves open the possibility of malignant transformation.

  14. Primary ovarian neuroendocrine tumor arising in association with a mature cystic teratoma: A case report.

    PubMed

    Orsi, Nicolas M; Menon, Mini

    2016-08-01

    Primary ovarian carcinoid tumors are exceptionally rare entities accounting for approximately 0.1% of all ovarian neoplasms. This report describes a primary ovarian neuroendocrine tumor arising in association with a mature cystic teratoma in a 65 year-old woman. Macroscopically, the unilateral adnexal tumor was composed of cystic, solid and mucinous elements which resolved into a dual component lesion histologically. The majority of the tumor displayed an organoid architecture with mild to moderate pleomorphism and no discernible mitotic activity, while approximately 10% consisted of sheets and groups of cells with highly pleomorphic nuclei, necrosis and occasional mitoses. Features of a mature cystic teratoma were seen very focally. Immunohistochemistry revealed strong, diffuse positivity for CD56 and synaptophysin. Chromogranin immunonegativity was noted and there was an absence of nuclear β-catenin accumulation. Ki-67 index was 10-12%. Although there is no established diagnostic framework for primary ovarian carcinoid tumors, this case was diagnosed as a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor, Grade 2 (intermediate grade), arising in association with a mature cystic teratoma/dermoid cyst. This case highlights the need to develop ovarian diagnostic criteria in this area. PMID:27508272

  15. Primary hydatid cyst in the retroperitoneal space: role of CT.

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, Sevda; Baydar, Senol; Guney, Sefik; Hoser, Abdurrahman; Celik, Betül

    2002-09-01

    Localization of hydatid disease in the retroperitoneal space is extremely rare. We present the CT findings in a patient with echinococcal disease (E. Granulosus) in whom the cyst was localized to the retroperitoneum.

  16. [Primary echinococcal retroperitoneal cysts. (Observation of a case)].

    PubMed

    Signorelli, I; Capelli, G; Andreoni, G M; Molinari, M; Maurizio, S; Porsio, G

    1995-01-01

    The Authors, after a careful review of the international literature, report one case of retroperitoneal primitive echinococcus cyst. They describe the anatomo-pathological and clinically specific qualities of this rare condition and emphasize the importance of radical surgical therapy.

  17. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous tumors: a clinicopathologic study of 18 cases.

    PubMed

    Roma, Andres Anibal; Malpica, Anais

    2009-04-01

    Primary retroperitoneal mucinous tumors (PRMTs) are uncommon neoplasms occurring almost exclusively in women. PRMTs are divided into mucinous cystadenoma (MC), mucinous borderline tumors or tumors of low malignant potential (MLMP), and mucinous carcinomas (MCas). In this retrospective study, we present the clinicopathologic features of 18 such cases, the largest series to date. All patients were women, ranging in age from 20 to 63 years (mean 38.6 y). All except 2 patients presented with an enlarged mass during a routine examination or by self-palpation. All tumors were located exclusively in the retroperitoneum, with histologic or clinical confirmation of the lack of ovarian involvement. The tumors ranged from 7 to 26 cm (mean 13.2 cm). The gross appearance was variable: unilocular cyst with a thin wall (4 cases), predominantly cystic with papillary areas or nodule(s) (8 cases), multiloculated cyst with or without nodules (1 case each), and predominantly solid with cystic areas (4 cases). Histologically, there were 2 cases of MC, 7 of MLMP (7 cases; 3 of them with intraepithelial carcinoma and 1 with microinvasion), and 9 of MCas (9 cases, 5 of them associated with MLMP and 1 associated with MC). Three of the MCas had areas of anaplastic or sarcomatoid carcinoma whereas 1 had an associated sarcoma. Immunohistochemical studies were performed in 6 cases. Cytokeratin 7 was diffusely positive in all cases studied, whereas cytokeratin 20 and cytokeratin 17 were focally positive in 4 and 2 cases, respectively. All patients underwent surgical resection of the entire tumor. Two patients with MCa and sarcoma or sarcomatoid carcinoma received chemotherapy. Follow-up was available in 16 cases, ranging from 1 to 148 months (mean 40 mo, median 22 mo). Two patients died of disease at 5 and 9 months; both had MCa with anaplastic carcinoma or sarcoma. Three patients with MCa were alive with disease at 14, 26, and 58 months. The remaining patients were alive with no evidence of

  18. Primary retroperitoneal lymphocele in a pregnant woman: the first report.

    PubMed

    Ikeda, Tetsuhiro; Miyauchi, Yuuki; Nishio, Shunji; Shimamoto, Kenji; Tanji, Nozomu; Yokoyama, Masayoshi

    2006-04-01

    In a 32-year-old pregnant woman, routine ultrasonography revealed right hydronephrosis and a huge retroperitoneal mass (20 x 7 cm) containing a fluid collection. Percutaneous drainage of the mass was performed and 2 L of clear, yellowish fluid was collected. Four months following the delivery, a recurrent retroperitoneal lymphocele was identified. Six months after the delivery, laparoscopic marsupialization was performed through a 10-mm umbilical camera port and two 5-mm ports on the right side of the abdomen. A posterior peritoneal window was established by creating a wide opening in the anterior wall of the lymphocele. Subsequent ultrasonography did not indicate a recurrence of the lymphocele or right hydronephrosis over a follow-up period of 8 months.

  19. Laparoscopic resection of a primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Chen, J S; Lee, W J; Chang, Y J; Wu, M Z; Chiu, K M

    1998-01-01

    Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystic tumors are extremely rare, and although their histogenesis is still uncertain, several theories have been proposed. Traditionally, transabdominal laparotomy and enucleation of the cyst is the treatment of choice and laparoscopic resection has not previously been reported. This paper presents the case of a 48-year-old woman in whom a primary retroperitoneal cystic mass, 15 x 13 x 9 cm in size, was successfully resected through the laparoscope. Pathological examination revealed a mucinous cystadenoma with borderline malignancy. The patient had a prompt recovery and there was no evidence of recurrence at her 8-month follow-up. However, the prevention of cystic fluid spillage during laparoscopic manipulation is important, especially when the pathology of the retroperitoneal cyst is unclear.

  20. Teratomas of rare sites: a review of ten cases.

    PubMed

    Bhalla, S; Masih, K; Rana, R S

    1991-10-01

    Out of 267 cases of teratomas diagnosed in the department of pathology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab from January 1980 to December 1989, 10 cases occurred in rare sites ie, 3 cases of teratoma in retroperitoneal space, 3 in the floor of the mouth, one each in mediastinum, thyroid, urinary bladder and kidney. None of these cases was clinically suspected as teratoma. One of the 3 teratomas of the retroperitoneal space and that of kidney were solid. Lesions of mediastinum and urinary bladder were solid as well as cystic. All these teratomas showed foci of immature elements. All other tumours were cystic and contained mature tissues only. Teratomas of the thyroid and kidney were treated with subtotal thyroidectomy and nephrectomy respectively, rest had surgical resection. One patient of immature retroperitoneal teratoma was lost to follow-up. All the others are alive and well for the period of 1 to 8 years. None had recurrence.

  1. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst: report of 2 cases and review of 41 published cases.

    PubMed

    Akbulut, Sami; Senol, Ayhan; Ekin, Abdulselam; Bakir, Sule; Bayan, Kadim; Dursun, Mehmet

    2010-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the literature between 2000 and 2010 on primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst. We reported 2 cases of primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst, and studies published in English literature on hydatid cyst developing in the retroperitoneal space were accessed via Pubmed and Google Scholar databases. Forty-one published primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst cases were evaluated, and 2 patients (1 man, 78 years old; 1 woman, 75 years old) who presented with abdominal mass caused by retroperitoneal hydatid cyst were reported. Twenty-five of the patients were men (including our patient), and 18 were women; patients ranged in age from 3 to 80 years, and the median +/- standard deviation age was 41.37 +/- 20.4 years. On presentation, 72% of the patients complained of back or abdominal pain; 13.9% had urinary tract symptoms, and 65.1% were determined as having a palpable mass. Ultrasonography was performed on 93% of the patients, computed tomography was performed on 81.4%, magnetic resonance imaging was performed on 18.6%, and intravenous pyelography test was performed on 13.9%. The results of these tests showed a cystoid mass located on the left in 32.5% of the patients, on the right in 37.2%, and in the retrovesical area in 16.2%. Serologic tests determined 67.8% of the patients were indirect hemagglutination positive, and 71.4% were positive on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. As a surgical approach, total exision was performed on 55.8% of patients, partial cystectomy was performed on 39.5%, and 4.6% of patients underwent unroofing. If a cystic lesion is determined in the retroperitoneal area in a patient living in an area of endemic hydatid disease, a differential diagnosis of hydatid cyst should be considered. Clinical, radiologic, serologic, and histopathologic evaluations should be made for a differential diagnosis.

  2. The gamut of primary retroperitoneal masses: multimodality evaluation with pathologic correlation.

    PubMed

    Sangster, Guillermo P; Migliaro, Matias; Heldmann, Maureen G; Bhargava, Peeyush; Hamidian, Alireza; Thomas-Ogunniyi, Jaiyeola

    2016-07-01

    The retroperitoneum is a large space where primary and metastatic tumors grow silently before clinical signs appear. Neoplastic retroperitoneal diseases may be solid or cystic, primary or secondary and range from benign to aggressive in behavior. Retroperitoneal neoplasms are notable for their widely disparate histologies. The solid primary retroperitoneal neoplasms are extremely uncommon and can be classified based on their tissue of origin into three main categories: mesodermal tumors, neurogenic tumors, and extragonadal germ cell tumors. These tumors can grow to a large size before clinical symptoms occur or become palpable. When symptoms do occur, they are nonspecific. The majority of these masses are malignant and imaging plays a pivotal role in the detection, staging, and pre-operative planning. Benign and malignant masses should be distinguished whenever possible to avoid unnecessary surgical procedures. Macroscopic fat, calcification, necrosis, vascularity, and neural foraminal widening are common imaging features helping for tumor differentiation. Meticulous cross-sectional imaging can triage the patient to the most appropriate therapy. Tumor morphology dictates imaging character, and biologic activity is reflected by positron emission tomography (PET). Complete surgical excision with tumor free margins is essential for long-term survival. Biopsy should be performed in consultation with surgical oncology to avoid complicating curative surgery. This pictorial essay illustrates the spectrum of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) imaging findings in common and uncommon primary retroperitoneal masses, with an emphasis on cross-sectional imaging features for an adequate tumor characterization and staging. PMID:27271217

  3. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of a benign cystic teratoma in the retroperitoneum.

    PubMed

    Terada, Y; Kato, A; Kishi, H; Umeda, T; Niijima, T; Yashiro, N

    1987-01-01

    A retroperitoneal teratoma arising from the vicinity of the upper pole of the right kidney in an 18-year-old woman is described. The plain anteroposterior abdominal radiographs showed irregular calcific shadows with tooth-like calcifications within the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. The findings of a primary cystic teratoma in the retroperitoneum examined by computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen are presented. Sagittal and coronal magnetic resonance imaging scans were useful to determine the extent of the mass, and to distinguish the mass from adjacent structures and organs.

  4. Primary Retroperitoneal Melanoma Presented in a Rare Extracutaneous Site for Malignant Melanoma

    PubMed Central

    Alsharedi, Mohamed; Zgheib, Nadim Bou; Khelfa, Yousef; Raufi, Ali; Elmsherghi, Nabiha; Lebowicz, Yehuda

    2016-01-01

    Malignant melanoma, as the name implies, is a malignant tumor of melanocytes, found in the skin, eyes, meningeal lining and the mucosal epithelium of the aero-digestive and genitourinary tracts. Malignant melanoma is typically skin malignancy, which rarely presents at extracutaneous site. Here we present a rare case of primary retroperitoneal melanoma and review the findings in comparison with other cases described in literature. PMID:27746882

  5. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma with sarcoma-like mural nodule : a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Bakker, R F R; Stoot, J H M B; Blok, P; Merkus, J W S

    2007-10-01

    Primary retroperitoneal cystadenomas are extremely rare. This is the first report in literature to describe a primary retroperitoneal cystadenoma with a sarcoma-like mural nodule. A 45-year-old woman complained of a left-sided abdominal mass. A computed tomography scan revealed a cystic mass with a mural nodule, which seemed to originate from the tail of the pancreas. At laparotomy the cyst was not adhered to the pancreas but localized retroperitoneally. Histologic examination showed a mucinous cystadenoma with only foci of borderline malignancy with a mural "sarcoma-like" nodule. In view of the surgical and histopathological findings, the mucinous cystadenoma was regarded as primary retroperitoneal. This case demonstrates that in the era of radiological preoperative refinement, pathological diagnosis remains of utmost importance, especially for rare cases.

  6. Examine the patient not the hernia: identification of an asymptomatic giant primary retroperitoneal pseudocyst. A case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Karim, Lawen; Larkin, David; Sadat, Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    We present the case of a 70-year-old man with a giant right-sided retroperitoneal pseudocyst, confirmed histologically after resection to be benign with appearances dissimilar to pancreatic and adrenal tissue. The cyst was noted incidentally on table at the time of laparoscopic surgery. Retroperitoneal pseudocysts most commonly arise from the pancreas and adrenal glands occurring as a result of an inflammatory process. Primary retroperitoneal pseudocysts are a rare entity. This case highlights the importance of examining the patient thoroughly and not focusing on the obvious. The mass was not palpated on initial review prior to listing for surgery, and the patient was asymptomatic from the mass. PMID:27190202

  7. Examine the patient not the hernia: identification of an asymptomatic giant primary retroperitoneal pseudocyst. A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Karim, Lawen; Larkin, David; Sadat, Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    We present the case of a 70-year-old man with a giant right-sided retroperitoneal pseudocyst, confirmed histologically after resection to be benign with appearances dissimilar to pancreatic and adrenal tissue. The cyst was noted incidentally on table at the time of laparoscopic surgery. Retroperitoneal pseudocysts most commonly arise from the pancreas and adrenal glands occurring as a result of an inflammatory process. Primary retroperitoneal pseudocysts are a rare entity. This case highlights the importance of examining the patient thoroughly and not focusing on the obvious. The mass was not palpated on initial review prior to listing for surgery, and the patient was asymptomatic from the mass. PMID:27190202

  8. Examine the patient not the hernia: identification of an asymptomatic giant primary retroperitoneal pseudocyst. A case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Karim, Lawen; Larkin, David; Sadat, Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    We present the case of a 70-year-old man with a giant right-sided retroperitoneal pseudocyst, confirmed histologically after resection to be benign with appearances dissimilar to pancreatic and adrenal tissue. The cyst was noted incidentally on table at the time of laparoscopic surgery. Retroperitoneal pseudocysts most commonly arise from the pancreas and adrenal glands occurring as a result of an inflammatory process. Primary retroperitoneal pseudocysts are a rare entity. This case highlights the importance of examining the patient thoroughly and not focusing on the obvious. The mass was not palpated on initial review prior to listing for surgery, and the patient was asymptomatic from the mass.

  9. A male case of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma: a diagnostic dilemma.

    PubMed

    Fujita, Nobuhiro; Nishie, Akihiro; Asayama, Yoshiki; Kiyoshima, Keijiro; Kubo, Yuichiro; Honda, Hiroshi

    2012-08-01

    We report a male case of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma (PRMC) that was at initially misdiagnosed as a complicated renal cyst. On ultrasonography, a 71-year-old man was found to have an abdominal mass suspicious for right renal cyst. The initial computed tomography scan showed an unenhanced, low-density mass that deformed the edge of the right kidney into a beak shape. Four years later, the mass had increased in size. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic lesion. Its intracystic content showed relatively high intensity on a T1-weighted image, and the coronal gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted image with fat suppression clearly showed a multilocular cystic mass without enhancing mural nodules. The final diagnosis of PRMC was obtained pathologically after surgery. Because PRMC has malignant potential, this rare entity should be considered when a retroperitoneal cystic tumor is evaluated, even in a male patient.

  10. Laparoscopic Resection of Adrenal Teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Vitagliano, Gonzalo; Villeta, Matias; Arellano, Leonardo; Santis, Oscar

    2006-01-01

    Background: Teratoma is a germ-cell tumor that commonly affects the gonads. Its components originate in the ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm. Extragonadal occurrence is rare. Teratomas confined to the adrenal gland are exceptional; only 3 cases have been reported in the English-language literature. We report 2 cases of mature teratomas of the adrenal gland that were laparoscopically excised. Methods: Two patients (ages 8 and 61 years) were diagnosed with adrenal teratoma at our institution. Radiological examination showed a solid 8-cm adrenal lesion in both cases. Hormonal assessment was normal. Both patients underwent laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy. Results: Surgical time was 120 minutes and 50 minutes, respectively. One patient was discharged on postoperative day 2, and the other remained hospitalized until day 10. The latter patient required percutaneous drainage of a retroperitoneal collection. Both tumors were identified as mature cystic teratomas. No evidence was present of recurring disease in either patient. Conclusions: Adrenal teratoma is rare. Laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy is a feasible, effective technique that enables excellent oncologic results. To our knowledge, this is the first report of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pure adrenal teratoma. PMID:17575773

  11. "Looks Can Be Deceiving": Adrenal Teratoma Causing Diagnostic Difficulty.

    PubMed

    Nadeem, Mehwash; Ather, Muhammad Hammad; Sulaiman, M Nasir; Pervez, Shahid

    2015-01-01

    Teratomas are unusual tumours that derived from totipotent cells with their origin from more than one or usually all three germ cells. Here authors are presenting a case of primary retroperitoneal tumour that is a rare clinical entity. A 19-year-old male presented with right lumbar pain and was found to have complex cyst with large calcification in right adrenal gland on imaging. Intraoperatively, he was found to have a solid mass with areas of soft consistency, which was excised en bloc. On gross examination, the cyst contained pieces of bone, few teeth, and hairs entangled in mucinous material. On histological evaluation, it was confirmed to be mature teratoma arising from the right adrenal gland. He made uneventful recovery and was kept well on annual follow-up.

  12. [Magnetic resonance imaging of non-organic bulky masses of the retroperitoneal space. Part 2. Primary and metastatic tumors].

    PubMed

    Dombrovskiĭ, V I

    2003-01-01

    Based on MRI findings in 15 patients with primary non-organic tumors and 9 patients with metastatic neoplasms of the retroperitoneal space, the paper describes the MRI-semiotics of these diseases and proposes methodological approaches to their identification in its second part. By comparing the data of MRI and autopsies, the author defines the values of the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the technique in detecting primary and metastatic non-organic tumors of the retroperitoneal space. The author emphasizes the advantages and disadvantages of MRI, shows how difficult to make a differential diagnosis of benign and malignant types of primary non-organic tumors by means of this method.

  13. Ovarian Carcinosarcoma and Its Association with Mature Cystic Teratoma and Primary Tubal Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Satabongkoch, Nopporn; Suprasert, Prapaporn; Khunamornpong, Surapan

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Carcinosarcoma is an uncommon form of ovarian cancers, classified as being part of the group of mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumors. The occurrence of carcinosarcoma in association with a mature cystic teratoma and synchronous tubal carcinoma is very rare. Case Report. A 69-year-old woman presented with a pelvic mass. An abdominal computerized tomographic scan detected a 15 cm right pelvic mass which was suggestive of malignant transformation of a dermoid cyst. Intraoperative, bilateral ovarian masses (left 10 cm and right 12 cm) with diffuse peritoneal metastatic nodules were identified. Histologically, the left ovarian mass was composed of 2 components including carcinosarcoma and mature cystic teratoma, whereas the right ovarian mass represented a mature cystic teratoma with serosal surface involvement of high-grade serous adenocarcinoma. The left fallopian tube was macroscopically unremarkable but contained a 5.0 mm focus of high-grade serous adenocarcinoma in the distal part, with adjacent serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma. Conclusion. As the fallopian tube has recently been proposed to be an origin for a majority of pelvic or ovarian high-grade serous adenocarcinomas, tubal carcinoma may be the origin for ovarian carcinosarcomas through an epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The coexistence of ovarian carcinosarcoma and teratoma in the present case should represent a collision tumor. PMID:27807494

  14. The first case of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma in Korea: a case report.

    PubMed

    Min, Byung Wook; Kim, Jong Man; Um, Jun Won; Lee, Eung Seok; Son, Gil Soo; Kim, Seung Joo; Moon, Hong Young

    2004-12-01

    Primary mucinous cystic cystadenomas of the retroperitoneum are very rarely encountered, and there have been only about 30 cases reported in the literature. The histogenesis of primary mucinous cystadenomas is unclear. Most authors suggested that it develops through mucinous metaplasia in a pre-existing mesothelium-lined cyst. Complete surgical excision is the only treatment and it is required for the final diagnosis and cure. We present here a case report of a 38-year-old Korean woman with primary retroperitoneal cystadenoma. It was a thin-walled, multilocular cyst with a dominant loculus that measured 10.0 x 7.5 x 5.5 cm3 in size, and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first such case to be reported in in Korea.

  15. An endodermal sinus tumor arising from a mature cystic teratoma in the retroperitoneum in a child: is a mature teratoma a premalignant condition?

    PubMed

    Ohno, Y; Kanematsu, T

    1998-10-01

    We herein report an 18-month-old girl who presented with a retroperitoneal mature teratoma that later developed into an endodermal sinus tumor. Her symptoms included an expanding abdominal girth. The serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein were moderately elevated. The excised specimen was a benign mature cystic retroperitoneal teratoma measuring 18 x 11 x 8 cm in size. A hemorrhagic focus measuring 4 cm in diameter was present, which proved to be the focus of an endodermal sinus tumor histologically. The retroperitoneal mature teratoma observed in this case showed malignant germ-cell differentiation. The above case is thought to be extremely rare, but these findings also suggest the possibility of a mature teratoma presenting as a premalignant condition. The sequence of "mature teratoma--germ-cell malignancy" is thus considered to represent a new potential pattern of early phase of carcinogenesis in teratomas.

  16. A case of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma arising from the retropancreatic area.

    PubMed

    Nam, Yoon Jeong; Kim, Tae Nyeun; Kim, Kook Hyun; Gu, Min Geun; Lee, Jae Young

    2014-03-25

    Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma is an extremely uncommon tumor, even though mucinous cystadenoma often develops in the ovary and less frequently in the pancreas. A 21-year-old female was admitted to our hospital due to severe abdominal pain. A well-demarcated, oval shaped cystic tumor at the retropancreatic area with displacement of the pancreas and surrounding major vessels was observed on CT and MRI. Exploratory laparotomy was performed, and complete excision of the entire cyst was performed without complication. The pathologic finding was consistent with primary retropancreatic mucinous cystadenoma. To the best of our knowledge, this report is the first to describe a case of retropancreatic mucinous cystadenoma arising from the retropancreatic area in Korea.

  17. Intraoperative electron-beam therapy for primary and recurrent retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcoma

    SciTech Connect

    Krempien, Robert . E-mail: robert_krempien@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Roeder, Falk; Oertel, Susanne; Weitz, Juergen; Hensley, Frank W.; Timke, Carmen; Funk, Angela; Lindel, Katja; Harms, Wolfgang; Buchler, Markus W.; Debus, Juergen; Treiber, Martina

    2006-07-01

    Purpose: This study assesses the long-term outcome of patients with retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcomas treated by maximal resection in combination with intraoperative electron-beam therapy (IOERT) and postoperative external-beam radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: From 1991 to 2004, 67 patients were treated with curative intent for primary (n = 26) or recurrent (n = 41) retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcoma. All patients underwent maximal resection in combination with IOERT (mean dose, 15 Gy), 45 patients underwent additional postoperative EBRT, and 20 patients were previously irradiated. Results: The 5-year actuarial overall survival (OS), disease-free survival, local control (LC), and freedom from metastatic disease of all patients was 64%, 28%, 40%, and 50%, respectively. The 5-year LC inside the IOERT field was 72%. For patients who completed IOERT and EBRT after R0-resection 5-year and 10-year OS was 80%, and 5-year and 10-year LC was 100%. Only 1 of the 21 patients after R0-resection and only 8 of 34 patients after R1-resection compared with 9 of 12 patients after R2-resection experienced inside IOERT-field relapse. Grade II or higher late complications were seen in 21% of the patients, but only 2 patients required surgical intervention because of late complications. Conclusion: In selected patients, IOERT results in excellent local control and survival, with acceptable morbidity.

  18. Retroperitoneal primary mucinous adenocarcinoma with a mural nodule of anaplastic tumor: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Mikami, Mikio; Tei, Chisei; Takehara, Kyoko; Komiyama, Shinichi; Suzuki, Atsushi; Hirose, Takanori

    2003-04-01

    A 38-year-old female presented with a lower abdominal mass. During the operation the mass was found to be retroperitoneal and was excised. Gross examination revealed a mucin-containing cystic lesion with a mural nodule. On microscopic examination, the cystic areas were lined by an invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma and the nodule was composed of an anaplastic sarcomatoid tumor that was immunoreactive for cytokeratin. This present case is the 21st example of a retroperitoneal primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma and the fourth with a mural nodule. Three of four cases with a mural nodule, including our case, had a rapidly fatal outcome.

  19. Mutations of the KIT gene and loss of heterozygosity of the PTEN region in a primary malignant melanoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.

    PubMed

    Tate, Genshu; Tajiri, Takuma; Suzuki, Takao; Mitsuya, Toshiyuki

    2009-04-01

    A tumor suppressor gene at 10q23.3, designated PTEN, encoding a dual-specificity phosphatase with lipid and protein phosphatase activity, has been shown to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of a variety of human cancers. A frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 10q is found in melanoma; however, little is known about the role of PTEN in the pathogenesis of a primary malignant melanoma derived from ovarian mature cystic teratoma, which is an extremely rare melanoma. This study examined the genetic alterations involved in the mitogen-activated protein kinase and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase pathways in an ovarian malignant melanoma. A LOH analysis revealed hemizygous deletion around and in the PTEN gene not only in the ovarian melanoma but also in a mature cystic teratoma. Another case of ovarian mature cystic teratomas in the absence of melanoma also showed allelic loss of the PTEN region. To date, mutations of BRAF, NRAS, and KIT genes have been reported in malignant melanomas. In the present study, D816H and K558E mutations of the KIT gene were revealed in the melanoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma, but not in a mature cystic teratoma. No mutations of the BRAF and NRAS genes were found in the melanoma. These results indicate that LOH of the PTEN region is one of the molecular alterations of an ovarian mature cystic teratoma and a KIT mutation is an additional promotional event associated with the oncogenesis of a melanoma arising from an ovarian mature cystic teratoma.

  20. Cross-sectional Imaging Features of Primary Retroperitoneal Tumors and Their Subsequent Treatment.

    PubMed

    Acar, Turker; Harman, Mustafa; Guneyli, Serkan; Gemici, Kazim; Efe, Duran; Guler, Ibrahim; Yildiz, Melda

    2015-01-01

    Basically malignant tumors in the retroperitoneal region arise from a heterogeneous group of tissues: mesodermal, neurogenic, germ cell, and lymphoid. Although rare, benign tumors and cystic masses can be also encountered in retroperitoneal space. Developments in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have contributed to both diagnosis and staging of the retroperitoneal tumors. High spatial resolution and superiority in calcification make CT indispensable; on the other hand, MRI has a better soft-tissue contrast resolution which is essential for the assessment of vascular invasion and tissue characterization. The aim of this article is to review the CT and MRI features of retroperitoneal tumors and their subsequent management. PMID:25973288

  1. “Looks Can Be Deceiving”: Adrenal Teratoma Causing Diagnostic Difficulty

    PubMed Central

    Nadeem, Mehwash; Ather, Muhammad Hammad; Sulaiman, M. Nasir

    2015-01-01

    Teratomas are unusual tumours that derived from totipotent cells with their origin from more than one or usually all three germ cells. Here authors are presenting a case of primary retroperitoneal tumour that is a rare clinical entity. A 19-year-old male presented with right lumbar pain and was found to have complex cyst with large calcification in right adrenal gland on imaging. Intraoperatively, he was found to have a solid mass with areas of soft consistency, which was excised en bloc. On gross examination, the cyst contained pieces of bone, few teeth, and hairs entangled in mucinous material. On histological evaluation, it was confirmed to be mature teratoma arising from the right adrenal gland. He made uneventful recovery and was kept well on annual follow-up. PMID:26788398

  2. Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma Arising in a Lymph Node Metastasis of a Testicular Teratoma: A Very Rare Occurrence.

    PubMed

    Ozturk Sari, Sule; Ozluk, Yasemin; Taskin, Orhun Cig; Polat, Beldan; Ozturk, Ilker; Ekenel, Meltem; Kilicaslan, Isin; Bilgic, Bilge

    2016-08-01

    We present a case of a teratoma with somatic type malignancy (TSM) in the form of papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) within supraclavicular and retroperitoneal lymph node metastases of a testicular pure teratoma. Resection of both masses revealed a teratoma without any other germ cell tumor component. A papillary carcinoma component was also detected intermingled with the teratomatous elements. The carcinoma cells displayed eosinophilic cytoplasm and prominent nucleoli. Groups of foamy histiocytes in the fibrovascular cores was a striking finding that brought pRCC to mind. Immunoreactivity for CK7, PAX8, AMACR, CD10, napsin, and vimentin along with morphologic findings confirmed renal cell differentiation. No radiological evidence of a primary renal cell carcinoma was found in the kidney. Consequently, pRCC arising in a teratoma was diagnosed. TSM is described as teratoma with a malignant component that is typically encountered in other organs and tissues. TSM in the form of pRCC is an extremely rare entity. Our case is the second example of a testicular germ cell tumor metastasis with a somatic malignancy in the form of pRCC. In conclusion, carcinomas of renal cell differentiation should be kept in mind as a rare form of TSM, especially in metastatic germ cell tumors. PMID:26936856

  3. [Multiple retroperitoneal and mediastinal lymph cysts in primary ectatic lymph vessels].

    PubMed

    Graf, D; Pfister, J; Streuli, H K

    1993-09-01

    A unique case of a large retroperitoneal and multiple mediastinal lymphcysts is presented. Cystic abdominal tumors of lymphatic origin are very rare. Usually single cases or small numbers have been reported in the international literature. The aetiology, clinical findings and therapy of these lesions are discussed.

  4. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma with a sarcoma-like mural nodule: an immunohistochemical study with histogenetic considerations and literature review.

    PubMed

    Demirel, Dilaver; Gun, Ismet; Kucukodaci, Zafer; Balta, Ahmet Ziya; Ramzy, Ibrahim

    2013-01-01

    Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenomas (PRMCs) are extremely rare tumors and their association with sarcoma-like mural nodules (SLMNs) has not been described thoroughly. The aim of this study is to characterize the gross and microscopic features and the immunohistochemical profile of the first case of PRMC with SLMN and to discuss the differential diagnosis of SLMNs. The literature related to primary retroperitoneal mucinous tumors is reviewed in an attempt to clarify the histogenesis of the epithelial and sarcomatoid components of the associated mural nodules. A 34-yr-old woman presented with a 14-cm retroperitoneal cystic lesion with a 6-cm mural nodule. An immunohistochemical study with a panel of 19 antibodies and a histochemical study for mucin stains were performed. The epithelial component of the PRMC showed positive staining for cytokeratin (CK) 7, CK AE1/3, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, and calretinin. The neoplasm was not immunoreactive for CK 20, CK 5/6, and the other antibodies used in this study. In addition, it stained positively for mucin by mucicarmine, periodic acid-Schiff, and Alcian blue. The stromal cells of the cyst showed estrogen receptor positivity. SLMN cells were negative for all CKs and other epithelial markers used in the study, but they showed diffuse positive staining for vimentin and CD68, and positive staining for Ki-67 was demonstrated in 25% of these cells. The immunohistochemical and histochemical profiles of PRMC were similar to those of ovarian mucinous neoplasms and the mesothelium. The formation of SLMNs seems to be related to subepithelial hemorrhage and some reactive epithelial changes near the mural nodules. The specific immunohistochemical and morphologic features of SLMNs are helpful in differentiating them from malignant mural nodules, including true sarcomas, osteoclast-rich undifferentiated carcinomas, and carcinosarcomas. Such a differentiation is critical in view of its significant

  5. Retroperitoneal schwannoma.

    PubMed

    Takatera, H; Takiuchi, H; Namiki, M; Takaha, M; Ohnishi, S; Sonoda, T

    1986-12-01

    A case of retroperitoneal benign schwannoma is presented; in addition, 133 cases of retroperitoneal schwannoma reported in Japanese literature are studied. In our series 66 per cent of the cases were found to be cystic. Therefore, the cystic change may be one of the preoperative features of schwannomas, because other types of retroperitoneal tumor do not frequently form cysts. Furthermore, the necessity of postoperative electron microscopy for accurate histologic diagnosis is discussed.

  6. Prostatic tissue in testicular teratoma. A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study.

    PubMed

    Roma, Andres A; Humphrey, Peter A

    2013-02-01

    The presence of prostatic differentiation as part of teratoma is very unusual and has been reported less than 20 times in the literature; however, all but 1 case were described in ovarian teratomas. We reviewed 45 specimens of germ cell tumors with teratoma component in postpuberal male patients. Original hematoxylin and eosin review failed to identify glands morphologically consistent with prostatic differentiation. Immunohistochemical stains performed on 10 specimens from 10 patients with small glandular and/or tubular structures revealed 1 case with glands positive for prostatic-specific antigen, prostatic-specific acid phosphatase, and prostein/P501S, whereas high-molecular-weight cytokeratin and p63 highlighted only basal cells. The glands were irregular in size and shape and contained mostly cuboidal to columnar luminal-type cells with occasional basal-type cells. Re-review of all the specimens revealed a second block from the same testis as well as 1 retroperitoneal lymph node with metastatic teratoma in the same patient, also immunohistochemically confirmed. These glands were seen in a smooth muscle stromal background, adjacent to classic gastrointestinal and tracheobronchial teratoma components. Our findings show immunohistochemically confirmed prostatic differentiation in 2 specimens from 1 patient with teratoma. This study raises the possibility that prostatic differentiation, difficult to recognize on morphology alone, might not be that unusual and that immunostains can help detect it over the several different epithelial components of teratoma.

  7. Intramedullary mature teratoma of the conus medullaris

    PubMed Central

    Oktay, Kadir; Cetinalp, Nuri Eralp; Ozsoy, Kerem Mazhar; Olguner, Semih Kivanc; Sarac, Mustafa Emre; Vural, Sakir Berat

    2016-01-01

    Teratoma is a tumor that derivatives from all three primitive germ layers and spinal intramedullary teratomas are very rare lesions. The primary treatment modality for these tumors is surgical resection, and total resection should be the aim. However, subtotal resection is a valid alternative to prevent traumatizing adjacent functional neural tissue. In this report, we presented a case of a 12-year-old male patient with spinal teratoma of the conus medullaris. We describe the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of this rare disease. PMID:27114670

  8. Intramedullary mature teratoma of the conus medullaris.

    PubMed

    Oktay, Kadir; Cetinalp, Nuri Eralp; Ozsoy, Kerem Mazhar; Olguner, Semih Kivanc; Sarac, Mustafa Emre; Vural, Sakir Berat

    2016-01-01

    Teratoma is a tumor that derivatives from all three primitive germ layers and spinal intramedullary teratomas are very rare lesions. The primary treatment modality for these tumors is surgical resection, and total resection should be the aim. However, subtotal resection is a valid alternative to prevent traumatizing adjacent functional neural tissue. In this report, we presented a case of a 12-year-old male patient with spinal teratoma of the conus medullaris. We describe the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of this rare disease.

  9. Primary central nervous system teratoma with sarcomatous transformation in a young girl: Report of a rare case

    PubMed Central

    Mandal, Gautam Kumar; Das, Indranil; Paul, Rahul; Mustafi, Saunak Mitra

    2016-01-01

    A 13-year-old girl presented with chief complaints of severe headache and vomiting followed by hemiparesis. Radiological examination suggested a space occupying lesion in the right parietal lobe. Craniotomy and debulking of the tumor mass were done. Histopathological and subsequent immunohistochemical examination showed a tumor composed of fascicle of atypical spindle cells which revealed reactivity to vimentin with interspersed areas of well-differentiated cartilage tissue. Hence, the diagnosis of teratoma with sarcomatous transformation was given. Detailed discussion including review of literature has been made regarding different aspect of the tumor. PMID:27695574

  10. Primary central nervous system teratoma with sarcomatous transformation in a young girl: Report of a rare case

    PubMed Central

    Mandal, Gautam Kumar; Das, Indranil; Paul, Rahul; Mustafi, Saunak Mitra

    2016-01-01

    A 13-year-old girl presented with chief complaints of severe headache and vomiting followed by hemiparesis. Radiological examination suggested a space occupying lesion in the right parietal lobe. Craniotomy and debulking of the tumor mass were done. Histopathological and subsequent immunohistochemical examination showed a tumor composed of fascicle of atypical spindle cells which revealed reactivity to vimentin with interspersed areas of well-differentiated cartilage tissue. Hence, the diagnosis of teratoma with sarcomatous transformation was given. Detailed discussion including review of literature has been made regarding different aspect of the tumor.

  11. Rare synchronous primary large B-cell gastric lymphoma and huge retroperitoneal liposarcoma with inguinal hernia in chronic hepatitis B patient

    PubMed Central

    Ghimire, P.; Wu, G.Y.; Zhu, L.

    2011-01-01

    Multiple primary neoplasms with synchronous or metachronous presentation are rare, although the incidence has recently increased because of several factors. We present the case of a 53-year-old patient with chronic hepatitis B who presented with abdominal mass, mild abdominal pain, and inguinal hernia. Computed tomography imaging demonstrated diffuse thickening of the gastric antral wall, together with a huge heterogeneous abdominal mass with predominant fat attenuation with septa that showed mild enhancement on contrast-enhanced scans. Distal gastrectomy and wide resection of the retroperitoneal mass was performed. Pathology exam led to a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell gastric lymphoma with retroperitoneal liposarcoma. This is a rare case of a primary gastric lymphoma with another primary (sarcomatous) malignancy occurring synchronously in same patient. PMID:21505587

  12. [Retroperitoneal pathology].

    PubMed

    Zuluaga Gómez, A; Jiménez Verdejo, A

    2002-01-01

    The retroperitoneum is one of the most complex regions of human anatomy as it contains a variety organs and structures from different systems, in particular those belonging to the urinary and digestive tracts and the vascular systems. The emergence of different diagnostic imaging techniques has made easier to study the retroperitoneum. Thanks to ultrasonography, computerised tomography and magnetic resonance the assessment of retroperitoneal conditions has taken a great leap forwards permitting the anatomical connections and characteristics of the structures in this region to be reliably established. Owing to the location in the retroperitoneal space of the different organs of the digestive tract and the vascular system, a multidisciplinary approach is required involving the different surgical specialties. The urologist performs a large proportion of his surgical activity in this region and must, therefore, have a good knowledge of the different retroperitoneal organs belonging to the urinary tract and also the connections between these and other organs and structures of the retroperitoneal region.

  13. Sacrococcygeal dermoids and teratomas: historical review.

    PubMed

    Pantoja, E; Rodriguez-Ibanez, I

    1976-09-01

    Palpable rectally, when not externally visible, sacrococcygeal teratomas have been recognized since antiquity, but their histologic segregation from other sacrococcygeal masses lagged into the twentieth century. That these tumors are potentially malignant, and that the incidence of this complication increases with age during infancy, was realized early this century, but it is only in the last two decades that the importance of (1) early surgery, (2) excision of the coccyx, and (3) a combined abdominosacral approach for lesions with retroperitoneal extension has been realized.

  14. Retroperitoneal dermoid presenting as an infected pancreatic cyst.

    PubMed

    Dewar, G; Arnold, M; Li, A K

    1990-06-01

    Bacteroides fragilis infection of a juxtapancreatic benign cystic retroperitoneal teratoma in a 28 year old Chinese male is reported. Preliminary drainage was followed by excision. The radiological and pathological findings of this rare tumour are reported with emphasis on the differential diagnosis which includes inflammatory and neoplastic pancreatic cysts.

  15. Adrenal gland teratoma in a 40-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Shrestha, M K; Lalchan, S

    2010-09-01

    Teratoma is a germ-cell tumor that commonly affects the gonads. Extragondal teratoma is a rare entity. Teratoma in the region of adrenal gland is a rare and uncommon retroperitoneal tumor; only few cases have been reported. This case report describes such a tumor in a 40-year-old-woman who presented with multiple vague complaints. Ultrasonography of the abdomen showed a mixed echogenic mass with areas of calcification in right suprarenal region and a lymph nodal mass in the right renal hilar region. Computed tomography showed a mass containing fat, calcification and soft tissue component in right supra-renal region indenting the superior pole of kidney. Intraoperatively a supra-renal tumor was found within in a pseudocapsule that covered most of the tumor with a part of duodenum fixed to the mass.

  16. Retroperitoneal lymphangioma.

    PubMed

    Cherk, Martin; Nikfarjam, Mehrdad; Christophi, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    Lymphangiomas are rare cystic tumours that may present as cystic masses in the retroperitoneum. Retroperitoneal lymphangiomas account for approximately 1% of all lymphangiomas. Confusion with other cystic tumours of the retroperitoneum including those arising from the liver, kidney and pancreas is common. A case of a retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma occurring in a 41-year-old woman raising interesting diagnostic and management issues is reported. The patient presented with vague abdominal pain and persistent nausea. Radiological imaging demonstrated a large multiloculated thin-walled cyst involving the upper retroperitoneum. Surgical resection was complete, revealing a benign cavernous lymphangioma. The patient made a complete recovery and was disease-free 30 months postoperatively.

  17. Retroperitoneal Sarcomas.

    PubMed

    Porpiglia, Andrea S; Reddy, Sanjay S; Farma, Jeffrey M

    2016-10-01

    Retroperitoneal sarcomas are rare tumors, representing only 15% of all sarcomas. The mainstay of therapy is surgical resection with negative margins. However, this is challenging because of the late presentation of many of these tumors and involvement with adjacent structures. Decisions on radiation therapy and chemotherapy should be made in a multidisciplinary setting at a tertiary referral center.

  18. Teratomas: a multimodality review.

    PubMed

    Peterson, Christine M; Buckley, Celine; Holley, Susan; Menias, Christine O

    2012-01-01

    Germ cell tumors (GCTs) may occur in both children and adults and include a broad array of histologic subtypes, such as teratoma, seminoma (known as dysgerminoma in the ovary and germinoma in the pineal gland), choriocarcinoma, yolk sac tumor, embryonal cell carcinoma, and mixed GCT. In adults, GCTs occur most commonly in the gonads. In children, sacrococcygeal tumors predominate. Teratomas are a common form of GCT. They are defined histologically as containing tissues derived from all 3 germ cell layers: ectoderm, mesoderm (most teratomas contain fat, an imaging hallmark, which is a mesodermal derivative), and endoderm. Teratomas are also classified as mature or immature, depending on the degree of differentiation of its components, and in adults, immature tumors are more likely to exhibit malignant behavior. PMID:23009771

  19. Retroperitoneal Cyst: An Uncommon Presentation of Filariasis.

    PubMed

    Ganesan, Senthil; Galodha, Saurabh; Saxena, Rajan

    2015-01-01

    Primary retroperitoneal parasitic cysts are rare. Here we report about a middle aged male patient from rural north India with a recent onset of central abdominal retroperitoneal lump, pain, and fever. After surgical resection due to diagnostic uncertainty, at histopathology, it turned out be a filarial cyst. After receiving a course of diethylcarbamazine, the patient is asymptomatic at 4 months' follow-up.

  20. Rare Skin Adnexal and Melanocytic Tumors Arising in Ovarian Mature Cystic Teratomas: A Report of 3 Cases and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Moulla, Alexandra A; Magdy, Nesreen; Francis, Nicholas; Taube, Janis; Ronnett, Brigitte M; El-Bahrawy, Mona

    2016-09-01

    Mature teratoma of the ovary is the most common primary ovarian tumor accounting for 15% (10%-20%) of all ovarian neoplasms. Skin and skin adnexal structures are the most common elements identified in mature teratomas. Benign and malignant skin tumors can arise in ovarian teratomas, the most common being epithelial tumors. Melanocytic and adnexal tumors developing in a teratoma are rare and can be easily overlooked. We report 3 cases and review melanocytic and skin adnexal tumors encountered in ovarian teratomas.

  1. A rare case of combined placental site trophoblastic tumour with mature cystic teratoma and mixed germ cell tumour in the testis.

    PubMed

    Leow, Wei Qiang; Loh, Hwai Liang Alwin; Lee, Lui Shiong; Goh, Chin Hong Ronald

    2015-08-01

    A 20-year-old male presented with persistent right testicular pain. Following ultrasound detection of testicular nodules and biopsy for intraoperative consultation which yielded germ cell tumour, he underwent radical orchidectomy. A predominantly whitish cyst and a lobulated, variegated nodule were identified. Histology showed a mature cystic teratoma with a focus of infiltrative epithelioid cells containing eosinophilic cytoplasm and pleomorphic nuclei, invading ectatic vessel wall associated with fibrinoid change. These cells were positive for cytokeratin, human placental lactogen and inhibin, while negative for Melan-A, p63 and alpha-fetoprotein, consistent with placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT). The variegated nodule was a mixed germ cell tumour composed of embryonal carcinoma and immature teratoma. Aside from choriocarcinoma, primary trophoblastic tumors such as PSTT, which are derived from intermediate trophoblasts, are extremely rare in the testis. Aside from a case of pure testicular PSTT, 2 other cases have been described in association with germ cell tumour, of which one is a mature teratoma with PSTT that demonstrated gain of chromosome 12p. The other presented with PSTT in retroperitoneal recurrence of a testicular mixed germ cell tumour. We discussed the features of this tumour in the testis and important differentials in its diagnosis.

  2. Large retroperitoneal cysts in children and adolescents.

    PubMed

    McClellan, D S; Brasch, J; Rifkin, H

    1981-12-01

    Retroperitoneal cysts may be divided into those of urogenital origin: pronephric, mesonephric, metanephric and müllerian; mesocolic; teratoma; lymphatic; parasitic, and traumatic blood cysts. Müllerian cysts are thought to originate from the specialized mesothelial cells of the genital ridge and present as fimbrial cysts or broad ligament wolffian cysts. Symptoms may be absent, or the result of pressure or displacement of an organ. Diagnosis is made by x-ray studies, sonographic evaluation and, frequently, at operation. We report a case of a 14-pound cyst arising from the right broad ligament and partially obstructing the right ureter that was removed surgically.

  3. Coexistent mesenteric and ovarian mature cystic teratomas: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lee, D H

    2016-01-01

    This report describes the first documented case of coexistent mesenteric and gonadal teratomas in an adult female patient. Physical examination of a 51-year-old Korean woman referred for treatment of abdominal distension and pain revealed two masses in both the right upper abdomen and in the right pelvic region. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis showed the presence of well-defined, complex, fat-dense mass lesions in the upper abdomen and pelvic cavity. A large cystic mass located in the retroperitoneal space extending from the mesenteric border at the level of the transverse colon, and a goose-egg sized right ovarian mass were founded on exploratory laparotomy. The entire abdominal tumor was excised and total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. Examination of the macroscopic and microscopic findings led to diagnosis of mature cystic teratomas of the ovary and the mesentery. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. PMID:27352571

  4. Gluteal teratoma: A rare site of extragonadal teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Dutta, Hemonta Kr.; Borah, Pronami; Baruah, Mauchumi

    2016-01-01

    Extragonadal teratomas are rarely encountered in infants and children. These tumors are reported in retroperitoneum, floor of the mouth, mediastinum, craniofacial region or even in the solid organs of the body. Most of the gluteal teratomas reported in the literature are in fact, lateralized sacrococcygeal teratomas. We are reporting a case of unilateral big gluteal teratoma in a 6-year-old girl. The tumor did not have any connection with the sacrum or coccyx and was successfully removed. Histology showed well-differentiated bowel as well as fetiform structures.

  5. Gluteal teratoma: A rare site of extragonadal teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Dutta, Hemonta Kr.; Borah, Pronami; Baruah, Mauchumi

    2016-01-01

    Extragonadal teratomas are rarely encountered in infants and children. These tumors are reported in retroperitoneum, floor of the mouth, mediastinum, craniofacial region or even in the solid organs of the body. Most of the gluteal teratomas reported in the literature are in fact, lateralized sacrococcygeal teratomas. We are reporting a case of unilateral big gluteal teratoma in a 6-year-old girl. The tumor did not have any connection with the sacrum or coccyx and was successfully removed. Histology showed well-differentiated bowel as well as fetiform structures. PMID:27695210

  6. Case 231: Retroperitoneal Adrenal Teratoma Presenting as Trichoptysis.

    PubMed

    Bhatia, Vikas; Sharma, Sanjiv; Sood, Shikha; Mardi, Kavita; Venkat, Bargawee

    2016-07-01

    History A 24-year-old woman from a rural village presented with vague left hypochondrium pain and a cough for the past 2 years. She had a history of occasionally expectorating hairlike strands with her cough. Because the patient was from a rural area, she first consulted with the village priest, as she presumed her illness to be some supernatural phenomenon. The priest advised her to collect the strands for religious rituals ( Fig 1 ). She collected these strands for some time; however, because her cough worsened, she visited the hospital. General physical examination findings were within normal limits. On palpation, there was evidence of a vague lump in the left hypochondrial region. At ultrasonography (US) (images not shown), a large mass with heterogeneous echotexture was seen in the left suprarenal region; cystic areas and calcification were present. Chest radiography (images not shown) revealed bronchiectatic changes, with consolidation in the left lower zone. Results of a blood examination, including assessment of renal function, liver function, and complete blood count, were within normal limits. Unenhanced and contrast material-enhanced computed tomography (CT) images of the chest and abdomen were obtained. PMID:27322977

  7. Association of endodermal sinus tumour, testicular teratoma and alpha1-fetoprotein.

    PubMed

    Gariépy, G; Lafortune, M; Poisson, R

    1976-08-01

    An endodermal sinus tumour in the retroperitoneal region was associated with the presence of alpha1-fetoprotein (AFP) in the patient's serum. At autopsy a simple cystic teratoma of the right testicle was also found. The association of these two tumours has been reported before. The classification of these malignant germ-cell tumours and an understanding of their evolution may be aided by the discovery that AFP is often found in the patient's serum.

  8. [Isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst. CT study. Apropos of a case].

    PubMed

    Ménor Serrano, F; Marti-Bonmati, L; Garcia Aguayo, F; Gordo Roman, G; Ballesta Cunat, A

    1987-03-01

    A 30 year old patient with isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst was the first case of this type to be studied by CT scanning. Isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst is defined as any zone of hydatidosis occurring in the fatty tissue of the spaces lying behind posterior parietal peritoneum, without any parasitic foci in other organs. Differential diagnosis from other primary retroperitoneal cysts has been improved by the availability of modern imaging procedures: ultrasonography and CT scan.

  9. Genetics Home Reference: retroperitoneal fibrosis

    MedlinePlus

    ... Understand Genetics Home Health Conditions retroperitoneal fibrosis retroperitoneal fibrosis Enable Javascript to view the expand/collapse boxes. Download PDF Open All Close All Description Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a disorder in which inflammation and extensive ...

  10. Sacrococcygeal Teratoma associated with Trisomy 13

    PubMed Central

    Köksal, Nilgün; Özkan, Hilal; Karakaya, Sabahattin; Akgül, Ahsen Karagözlü

    2016-01-01

    Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is rarely associated with syndromes. We report a female newborn with a prenatal diagnosis of small sacrococcygeal teratoma and postnatally diagnosed as having trisomy 13. The sacrococcygeal teratoma was excised. It was reported as mature teratoma. The child succumbed to sepsis postoperatively. PMID:27398323

  11. Sacrococcygeal Teratoma associated with Trisomy 13.

    PubMed

    Dorum, Bayram Ali; Köksal, Nilgün; Özkan, Hilal; Karakaya, Sabahattin; Akgül, Ahsen Karagözlü

    2016-01-01

    Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is rarely associated with syndromes. We report a female newborn with a prenatal diagnosis of small sacrococcygeal teratoma and postnatally diagnosed as having trisomy 13. The sacrococcygeal teratoma was excised. It was reported as mature teratoma. The child succumbed to sepsis postoperatively. PMID:27398323

  12. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyelolithotomy.

    PubMed

    Gaur, D D; Agarwal, D K; Purohit, K C; Darshane, A S

    1994-04-01

    Retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyelolithotomy was successful in 5 of 8 patients using the recently described balloon technique of retroperitoneal laparoscopy. All patients were considered for this new minimally invasive procedure only on economic grounds. However, with improved technique and instrumentation, the retroperitoneal laparoscopic approach could become a practical alternative for the management of patients with medium sized pelvic stones not amenable to extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy nor ideally suitable for percutaneous nephrolithotomy, or when both of these facilities are not available. PMID:8126827

  13. Laparoscopic excision of an infected "egg-shelled" retroperitoneal pseudocyst.

    PubMed

    Palanivelu, Chinnusamy; Rangarajan, Muthukumaran; Senthilkumar, Rangaswamy; Madhankumar, Madhupalayam Velusamy; Annapoorni, Shankar

    2008-12-01

    Primary retroperitoneal pseudocysts are rare entities. Though laparoscopic approach has been described in their treatment, open surgical excision is still the mainstay of treatment for these lesions. We present a case of infected retroperitoneal pseudocyst and its successful laparoscopic excision. The patient was an 80-year old female. Contrast enhanced CT scan of the abdomen and ultrasonography confirmed a large retroperitoneal cyst. Laparoscopic resection was accomplished after puncturing and decompressing the cyst. There were no complications or conversion. The operating time was 176 minutes. The patient was discharged 3 days after surgery. Histopathology revealed a pseudocyst. Retroperitoneal pseudocysts can be resected laparoscopically with careful and meticulous laparoscopic dissection, utilizing the advantages of laparoscopy.

  14. Comparison of perioperative radiation therapy and surgery versus surgery alone in 204 patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcoma: a retrospective two-institution study

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, Kaitlyn J.; Yoon, Sam S.; Kuk, Deborah; Qin, Li-Xuan; Dukleska, Katerina; Chang, Kevin K.; Chen, Yen-Lin; Delaney, Thomas F.; Brennan, Murray F.; Singer, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare outcomes of patients with retroperitoneal or pelvic sarcoma (RPPS) treated with versus without perioperative radiation therapy (RT). Summary Background Data Radiation therapy for RPPS is controversial, and few studies have compared outcomes with and without RT. Methods Prospectively-maintained databases were reviewed to retrospectively compare patients with primary RPPS treated during 2003-2011. Multivariate Cox regression models were used to assess associations with the primary endpoints: local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). Results At one institution 172 patients were treated with surgery alone while at another institution 32 patients were treated with surgery and perioperative proton beam RT or intensity-modulated RT with or without intraoperative RT. The groups were similar in age, tumor size, grade, and margin status (all p>0.08). The RT group had a higher percentage of pelvic tumors (p=0.03) and a different distribution of histologies (p=0.04). Perioperative morbidity was higher in the RT group (44% vs 16% of patients; p=0.004). After a median follow-up of 39 months, 5-year LRFS was 91% (95% CI, 79-100%) in the RT group and 65% (57-74%) in the surgery only group (p=0.02). On multivariate analysis, RT was associated with better LRFS (hazard ratio 0.26; p=0.03). Five-year DSS was 93% (95% CI, 82-100%) in the RT group and 85% (78-92%) in the surgery-only group (p=0.3). Conclusions The addition of advanced-modality RT to surgery for primary RPPS was associated with improved LRFS, although this did not translate into significantly better DSS. This treatment strategy warrants further investigation in a randomized trial. PMID:26061213

  15. Retroperitoneal and mesenteric cysts.

    PubMed

    Alwan, M H; Eid, A S; Alsharif, I M

    1999-03-01

    Retroperitoneal and mesenteric cysts are rare abdominal tumours. This report is a presentation of three cases. One patient had large retroperitoneal cyst which was accidentally discovered, another patient had mesenteric cyst presenting with abdominal pain, and the third patient had emergency admission due to infection of a large mesenteric cyst. The literature on this condition is reviewed.

  16. Calcified retroperitoneal fibroma.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, G; Bertagni, A; Montesano, G; Soda, G; Baiocchini, A; Melis, M; Vietri, F

    1997-01-01

    A case of 31-year-old male with a retroperitoneal tumor is described. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a left para-aortic calcific mass, adjacent to the left lobe of the liver and to the upper pole of the left kidney. A CT-scan of the abdomen showed the mass to originate from the left adrenal gland. At operation, a large, retroperitoneal mass, adherent to the left kidney and the spleen, but not infiltrating, was excised. Histologically the tumor was diagnosed as a calcified osteo-producing fibroma. Benign retroperitoneal tumors represent about 25% of all retroperitoneal neoplasm. This reported case represents a retroperitoneal tumor of slow growth and benign clinical course whose characteristic consists of the heavy calcifications which are normally absent in a fibroma type mass.

  17. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking adrenal tumour in an adult: is differential diagnosis truly possible?

    PubMed

    Onol, F F; Baytekin, F; Dikbas, O; Ergönenç, T; Tanidir, Y

    2009-02-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are developmental abnormalities of the primitive foregut resulting from aberrant budding from the ventral diverticulum. A retroperitoneal position for a bronchial cyst is extremely unusual and should be differentiated from other neoplastic lesions. Although histologically they can be differentiated from other lesions, bronchial cysts may show various pathological patterns of differentiation that may cause confusion in differentiating them from cystic teratomas. This is a case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst featuring uncommon histological findings, which raises the question whether these benign lesions can always be accurately differentiated from teratomatoid cystic neoplasms.

  18. Sacrococcygeal teratoma: case report.

    PubMed

    Molina Vital, Ricardo; de Santiago Valenzuela, José Martín; de Lira Barraza, Roberto Carlos

    2015-05-12

    We present a male newborn child with a sacrococcygeal mass who was sent to clinic 46 of the Mexican Social Security Institute located in Gomez Palacio, Durango, Mexico for pediatric/neonatal surgical resolution. The mass was detected on gestation week 24 in the sacrococcygeal area and was initially interpreted as a myelomeningocele. On gestation week 32, the mass had grown, so the diagnosis of cystic hygroma was posed. The child was born at 38 weeks of gestational age with a large tumor in the sacrococcygeal area. Images were obtained, and tumor resection was performed without complications. Pathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of sacrococcygeal teratoma. The postoperative course was uneventful and there were no further complications.

  19. Malignant thyroid teratoma: report of an aggressive tumor in a 64-year-old man.

    PubMed

    Vilallonga, R; Zafon, C; Ruiz-Marcellan, C; Obiols, G; Fort, J M; Baena, J A; Villanueva, B; Garcia, A; Sobrinho-Simões, M

    2013-09-01

    Malignant teratoma of the thyroid is a rare and aggressive tumor, frequent in children than in adults. Histologically, thyroid teratomas usually show a predominance of a neuroectodermal component. Mature cartilage and bone may be present. We present the case of primary malignant teratoma of the thyroid in a 64-year-old man. Histologically, the tumor displayed a predominant neuroectodermal component. The diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. The patient underwent a radical thyroidectomy with central neck dissection as primary treatment and radioiodine treatment afterwards. The patient had local and distant recurrence. A second surgery was performed with poor results and the patient died 3 months afterwards.

  20. [Retroperitoneal chylous cyst].

    PubMed

    Klingenberg, C; Johansen, T E

    1993-11-10

    In pathology, cysts of the retroperitoneum are usually classified together with omental and mesenteric cysts. Because of risk of complications and malignancy these cysts should be extirpated. The frequency of complications and recurrence after surgery is significantly higher for retroperitoneal cysts than for the other types mentioned above. We describe a patient with a retroperitoneal chylous cyst of three litres. Correct diagnosis was made by CT-scan and chemical analysis of cyst fluid prior to surgery. The cyst was removed completely using an intercostal, retroperitoneal approach. The postoperative course was uneventful, and no evidence of recurrence was found after six months.

  1. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a rare cause of a mass in the adrenal region.

    PubMed

    Haddadin, W J; Reid, R; Jindal, R M

    2001-10-01

    This report documents a bronchogenic cyst presenting as an adrenal tumour in a 51 year old man with persistent epigastric pain. The cyst is regarded as a developmental abnormality of the primitive foregut, which typically occurs in the chest. Subdiaphragmatic, and retroperitoneal locations in particular, are unusual. The differential diagnosis of a bronchogenic cyst in the retroperitoneum includes cystic teratoma, bronchopulmonary sequestration, cysts of urothelial and mullerian origin, and other foregut cysts.

  2. Extragenitourinary retroperitoneal primary hydatid cyst: a rare cause of bilateral lower ureteric obstruction and unilateral limb edema.

    PubMed

    Goel, Amit; Tiwari, Punit; Sharma, Pramod Kumar; Kumar, Suresh; Kundu, Anup Kumar

    2013-09-01

    Hydatid cyst is an endemic disease in our country. Most commonly, it occurs in the liver and lungs. Bilateral hydroureteronephrosis is one of the rare presentations of hydatid disease. Herein, we are reporting an unusual case of hydatid disease where the primary mode of presentation was external iliac vein compression with chronic renal failure because of bilateral ureteric involvement. The patient was treated with bilateral double-J stenting to improve the renal function and operated later for removal of hydatid cyst under albendazole drug treatment.

  3. Mesenteric and retroperitoneal cysts.

    PubMed

    Kurtz, R J; Heimann, T M; Holt, J; Beck, A R

    1986-01-01

    Mesenteric and retroperitoneal cysts are rare intra-abdominal tumors. Ten new patients are presented as well as 152 other cases reported in the English literature. These 162 cases were then analyzed for significant trends. Patients under 10 years of age were significantly different from the older group with respect to a shorter duration of symptoms, a higher number of patients requiring an emergency operation, a lower number of recurrences and the location of the cyst. Patients with retroperitoneal cysts were more likely to have incomplete excision of the cyst and therefore had a higher incidence of recurrence. They also required marsupialization more often. Retroperitoneal cysts should be considered a different entity from mesenteric cysts even though they present clinically in a similar fashion. The outcome of surgical treatment is less satisfactory in patients with retroperitoneal cysts.

  4. [Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst treated by laparoscopic surgery].

    PubMed

    Rud, O; May, M; Brookman-Amissah, S; Moersler, J; Greiner, A; Gilfrich, C

    2010-03-01

    The diagnosis of primary retroperitoneal cystic tumors is very infrequent in surgical pathology. We report the case of a 51-year-old woman presenting with an incidental left-sided retroperitoneal mass (32 x 24 mm in diameter) suspected of being an adrenal tumor. Intraoperatively the tumor was identified as a cystic lesion filled with mucous secretion and laparoscopically completely resected. The diagnosis was histopathologically confirmed as a bronchogenic cyst. In this article the laparoscopic removal of such a rare benign congenital aberration resulting from an abnormal budding of the tracheobronchial tree is presented.

  5. [Giant retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma].

    PubMed

    Sarf, Ismail; el Mejjad, Amine; Badre, Latifa; Mani, Ahmed; Aboutaieb, Rachid; Meziane, Fethi

    2003-06-01

    The authors report a new case of retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma in an 18-year-old girl presenting with abdominal mass and lumbosciatica. The diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumour was based on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment consisted of complete resection of the tumour. The postoperative course was favourable with no recurrence after one year of follow-up. The authors discuss the diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic aspects of this disease.

  6. Laparoscopic retroperitoneal renal cystectomy.

    PubMed

    Munch, L C; Gill, I S; McRoberts, J W

    1994-01-01

    Laparoscopic manipulation of retroperitoneal organs is usually performed by the transperitoneal approach primarily because of the ease of access by way of the pneumoperitoneum. However, difficulty in adequately accessing structures that are surrounded by bowel, liver, spleen or postoperative adhesions makes this approach suboptimal in certain cases. We describe the use of the retroperitoneal laparoscopic approach to the upper pole of a kidney for marsupialization of a symptomatic, recurrent, complex renal cyst. An algorithm for current management of symptomatic renal cysts is discussed.

  7. Spontaneous retroperitoneal haemorrhage in a young adult

    PubMed Central

    Baksi, Aditya; Gupta, Shahana; Ray, Udipta; Ghosh, Shibajyoti

    2014-01-01

    We report a rare case of a primary adrenal cortical malignancy presenting with spontaneous retroperitoneal haemorrhage in a young adult. To the best of our knowledge, this is the thirteenth such case to be reported in the English literature. PMID:24658522

  8. Intradural teratoma in a neonate with meningomyelocele

    PubMed Central

    Pandey, Anand; Gopal, Saroj Chooramani; Kumar, Vijayendra; Gangopadhyay, Ajay Narayan; Sharma, Shiv Prasad

    2016-01-01

    Meningomyelocele is a common congenital problem. The teratoma is a neoplasm composed of tissues foreign to the part in which they arise. An intradural teratoma within a meningomyelocele is a very rare association. We report a case of intradural teratoma with a brief review of the relevant literature. PMID:27366286

  9. Cervical teratoma in a dog.

    PubMed

    Lambrechts, N E; Pearson, J

    2001-03-01

    A young adult boxer dog was examined for a painless swelling in the left cranial cervical area that was refractory to antibiotic therapy. Ultrasound examination revealed a hypoechoic mass abutting the rostrolateral aspect of the left mandibular salivary gland. The cystic mass was excised and was found to extend through the capsule of the salivary gland and appeared to be confluent with the glandular tissue at this point. Histopathological examination of the excised tissue demonstrated tissue from all 3 germinal layers. There was no indication of malignancy and the mass was diagnosed as a benign cervical teratoma. Hypotheses regarding the origin of teratomas in general are discussed and the origin of the teratoma in this case is suggested.

  10. Retroperitoneal lymphocele formation after selective laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node sampling.

    PubMed

    Goh, M; Kantoff, P; Kavoussi, L R

    1994-06-01

    Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node sampling is being evaluated at several institutions as a minimally invasive alternative to evaluate pathologically retroperitoneal lymph nodes in cases of clinical stage A testis tumor. We report on the development of a symptomatic lymphocele after selective laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node sampling.

  11. Retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst.

    PubMed

    Lo, Yu-Shing; Wang, Jyh-Seng; Yu, Chia-Cheng; Chou, Chung-Ping; Chen, Chia-Jung; Lin, Shong-Ling; Lee, Mang-Gang; Kuo, Yau-Chang; Tseng, Hui-Hwa

    2004-09-01

    Enteric duplication cysts (EDCs) can occur in any portion of the alimentary tract, but are most commonly associated with the small bowel and esophagus. Retroperitoneal location is really unusual. This 19-year-old female was in excellent health, but a week's abdominal pain made her search for a doctor's help. After the detailed examination, surgical intervention was performed under the impression of cystic tumor of the retroperitoneum. A retroperitoneal cystic tumor, 13.0 x 8.0 x 3.5 cm in size, without any communication with the alimentary tract was noted during the operation. Finally, EDC was diagnosed after the pathologic examination of this resected cystic lesion. To our knowledge, there have been only 6 reported cases of EDC of the retroperitoneum in the English literature. This report concerns the seventh case of retroperitoneal EDC, in an adolescent, with different clinical presentation and histopathologic findings from the previous ones.

  12. Growing Teratoma Syndrome Secondary to Ovarian Giant Immature Teratoma in an Adolescent Girl

    PubMed Central

    Li, Song; Liu, Zhenzhen; Dong, Chengyong; Long, Fei; Liu, Qinlong; Sun, Deguang; Gao, Zhenming; Wang, Liming

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Growing teratoma syndrome (GTS) is a rare clinical entity first described by Logothetis et al in 1982. Although it is unusual for GTS to be located in the ovary, this report is of a case of an adolescent girl who underwent a complete surgical resection of the mass. Histopathology confirmed only an immature teratoma had originated from the ovary and so she received adjuvant chemotherapy with blemycin, etopside, and cisplatin over 4 cycles. Results from an abdominal enhanced CT (computed tomography) 9 years later revealed a giant mass had compressed adjacent tissues and organs. Laparotomy was performed and a postoperative histopathology showed the presence of a mature teratoma, and so the diagnosis of ovarian GTS was made. One hundred one cases of ovarian GTS from English literature published between 1977 and 2015 were collected and respectively analyzed in large samples for the first time. The median age of diagnosis with primary immature teratoma was 22 years (range 4–48 years, n = 56). GTS originating from the right ovary accounted for 57% (27/47, n = 47) whereas the left contained 43% (20/47, n = 47). Median primary tumor size was 18.7 cm (range 6–45 cm, n = 28) and median subsequent tumor size was 8.6 cm (range 1–25 cm, n = 25). From the primary treatment to the diagnosis of ovarian GTS, median tumor growth speed was 0.94 cm/month (range 0.3–4.3 cm/month, n = 21). Median time interval was 26.6 months (range 1–264 months, n = 41). According to these findings, 5 patients did have a pregnancy during the time interval between primary disease and GTS, making our patient the first case of having a pregnancy following the diagnosis of ovarian GTS. Because of its high recurrence and insensitiveness to chemotherapy, complete surgical resection is the preferred treatment and fertility-sparing surgery should be considered for women of child-bearing age. Anyhow GTS of the ovary has an excellent prognosis. Patients with GTS had

  13. [Retroperitoneal germ cell tumor].

    PubMed

    Borrell Palanca, A; García Garzón, J; Villamón Fort, R; Domenech Pérez, C; Martínez Lorente, A; Gunthner, S; García Sisamón, F

    1999-03-01

    We report a case of retroperitoneal extragonadal germ-cell tumor in an 17 years old patient who presented with aedema and pain in left inferior extremity asociated with hemopthysis caused by pulmonar metastasis, who was treated with chemotherapy and resection of residual mass and pulmonary nodes. Dyagnosis was stableshed by fine neadle aspiration biopsy of the wass. We comment on the difficult of stableshing differential dyagnosis between retroperitoneal extragonadal germ-cell tumor and metastasis of a testicular tumor. Dyagnosis is stableshed by the finding of a histologically malignant germ-cell tumor with normal testis. We considered physical examination and ecographyc exploration enough for a correct dyagnosis.

  14. [Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst].

    PubMed

    Piton, Nicolas; Gobet, Françoise; Werquin, Claire; Landréat, Antoine; Lefebvre, Hervé; Pfister, Christian; Sabourin, Jean-Christophe

    2012-08-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are benign lesions, which are usually described at the chest level. We present here a case report of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. A 77-year-old man presented with a left retroperitoneal tumor discovered by scanner. There was no endocrine disruption. Excision of the lesion was performed and final diagnosis was a bronchogenic cyst. Current widespread use of modern radiology enables increased discovery of such "incidentalomes". In the future, pathologists will be routinely faced with this type of diagnosis, which up to now has been described as exceptional.

  15. Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma.

    PubMed

    Nuzzo, G; Lemmo, G; Marrocco-Trischitta, M M; Boldrini, G; Giovannini, I

    1996-03-01

    Two cases of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma (CL) are presented; the current literature on this rare, benign neoplasm of the lymphatic system is reviewed. This tumor consists of various numbers of cyst-like cavities filled with a serous, serosanguineous or chylous fluid. The histogenesis of CL is still uncertain. Most commonly CL occurs in the neck and in the axillary region, whereas it is rare in the retroperitoneum. Although retroperitoneal CL is a benign lesion, it may cause significant morbidity due to its large size, and its often invasive character with a strong tendency to secondary infection. The treatment of choice is surgical excision.

  16. Essential steps in the performance of safe retroperitoneal aortic surgery.

    PubMed

    Conway, K; Williams, I M

    2016-10-01

    Endovascular stent grafting has become the primary modality when assessing patients for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The traditional open approach is transperitoneal (TP) but many suggest the retroperitoneal method (RP) has significant benefits. Retroperitoneal aortic surgery may be unfamiliar to many surgeons as they have been trained in the TP approach. This paper provides specific tips for the critical steps of this approach enabling it to be performed with ease and minimal morbidity. PMID:26211699

  17. Essential steps in the performance of safe retroperitoneal aortic surgery.

    PubMed

    Conway, K; Williams, I M

    2016-10-01

    Endovascular stent grafting has become the primary modality when assessing patients for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The traditional open approach is transperitoneal (TP) but many suggest the retroperitoneal method (RP) has significant benefits. Retroperitoneal aortic surgery may be unfamiliar to many surgeons as they have been trained in the TP approach. This paper provides specific tips for the critical steps of this approach enabling it to be performed with ease and minimal morbidity.

  18. [The diagnosis and immediate treatment results in retroperitoneal tumors].

    PubMed

    Ivanov, S; Karanov, S; Kurtev, P

    1989-01-01

    Immediate results of treatment of 20 patients with primary retroperitoneal tumors treated over a period of 5 years (1980-1985) at the Research Institute of Oncology in Sofia are reported. Attempt is made for anamnestic analysis, aimed at elucidating the semiotics of the disease. Analysis of the diagnostic methods serves to give recommendations for "first-rate" diagnostic procedure--computer tomography when a retroperitoneal tumor is suspected. Complex therapeutic approach consisting of radical operation and adjuvant radiation treatment is advised.

  19. Surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneal spaces, Part V: Surgical applications and complications.

    PubMed

    Mirilas, Petros; Skandalakis, John E

    2010-04-01

    Knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneum is crucial for surgery of the retroperitoneal organs. Surgery is essential for treatment of retroperitoneal pathologies. The list of these diseases is extensive and comprises acute and chronic inflammatory processes (abscess, injury, hematoma, idiopathic fibrosis), metastatic neoplasms, and primary neoplasms from fibroadipose tissue, connective tissue, smooth and striated muscle, vascular tissue, somatic and sympathetic nervous tissue, extraadrenal chromaffin tissue, and lymphatic tissue. The retroperitoneum can be approached and explored by several routes, including the transperitoneal route and the extraperitoneal route. The retroperitoneal approach to the iliac fossa is used for ectopic renal transplantation. Safe and reliable primary retroperitoneal access can be performed for laparoscopic exploration. The anatomic complications of retroperitoneal surgery are the complications of the organs located in several compartments of the retroperitoneal space. Complications may arise from incisions to the somatic wall, somatic nerves, blood and lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, visceral autonomous plexuses, and neighboring splanchna.

  20. Retroperitoneal fibrosis and scleroderma.

    PubMed Central

    Mansell, M. A.; Watts, R. W.

    1980-01-01

    The association of retroperitoneal fibrosis and systemic sclerosis is reported from a patient positive for the HLA-B27 antigen. This appears to be the first report of such an association. Pathological features common to the 2 syndromes are discussed and the literature is reviewed. PMID:7220411

  1. [Pediatric retroperitoneal tumors].

    PubMed

    Benicio dos Santos, I; Benicio dos Santos, M

    1980-01-01

    The author has based his work "Retroperitoneals tumors in infancy and childhood" in 65 cases observed at "Hospital Martagao Gesteira", Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. 32 of the retroperitoneals tumors, either intrarenals or extrarenals, observed in infancy and childhood were Wilm's tumor, 22 neuroblastoma, 5 hydronephrosis, 2 multicystic kidney, 1 policystic kidney, 2 pancreatic cyst and 1 biliar cyst. Wilm's tumor had the highest incidence - 32 cases (49,2%); neuroblastoma was in the second place in incidence - 22 (33,8%) of the 65 cases of retroperitoneals tumors studied, were neuroblastoma. As registered by the author in previous paper, the neuroblastoma, on contrary of what is established in the specialized literature, not was: the most frequent abdominal tumors, in infancy and childhood, neither it was also the abdominal pediatric tumor which could match Wilm's tumor in incidence. The plain X ray film of the abdomen, the Excretory Urography, the Cavography and Arteriography, the Radiological Examination of the Stomach and Duodenum, of the Small Intestine and the Colons, contribute in a very important way to establish the topography (retro or intraperitoneal) of the pediatric abdominal tumors. The author emphasizes that the plain X ray film of the abdomen supply important elements for the conclusion concerning the localization of abdominal tumors, from the observation of a simple criterion - the retroperitoneals tumors obliterate the border of kidney, because they are placed in the same plan of the kidney, data which is not pointed out sufficiently by the authors who have studied the subject.

  2. Multisystem manifestations of benign ovarian teratomas.

    PubMed

    Murdoch, William; Sadoski, Jill; Rosin, Frederick C

    2014-01-01

    A 26-year-old woman presented with acute onset of right-sided pelvic pain and had a medical history significant for migraine headaches and polycystic ovarian disease. Ultrasonography demonstrated bilateral ovarian tumors, and the patient underwent laparoscopic removal of bilateral cystic teratomas. A literature review focused on similar presentations of teratomas revealed isolated cases of migraines and polycystic ovarian disease associated with teratomas and an increased risk for ovarian torsion. Our patient experienced complete resolution of her acute abdominal pain, as well as her long-standing headaches and hormonal symptoms, after removal of the teratomas.

  3. Report of a case: Retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma with rapid progression

    PubMed Central

    Kamiyama, Hirohiko; Shimazu, Ai; Makino, Yurika; Ichikawa, Ryosuke; Hobo, Takahiro; Arima, Shuei; Nohara, Shigeo; Sugiyama, Yuji; Okumura, Masafumi; Takei, Masahiko; Miura, Hiroyoshi; Namekata, Koji; Tsumura, Hidenori; Okada, Motoi; Takase, Masaru; Matsumoto, Fumio

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Retroperitoneal mucinous cystic neoplasms are uncommon, and little is known about the etiology of the disease. Malignant forms of these are extremely rare. Here, we report a case of primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (PRMC), which demonstrated unexpectedly aggressive progression despite finding only a limited area of adenocarcinoma. Presentation of case A 62-year-old woman with a complaint of abdominal discomfort was admitted to the hospital. Abdominal CT and MRI showed multiple large retroperitoneal cysts dislocating the right kidney nearly to the center of the abdomen. Transabdominal resection of the cysts was performed. Those cysts contained 1100 ml of mucinous fluids in total. Cytological examination of those fluids revealed no malignant cells. The cyst wall was lined with mucinous epithelial cells, and contained some ovarian-type stroma. Also, there was a focal area of adenocarcinoma in the cyst wall, and the lesion was diagnosed as primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. Eight months later, the patient developed lumbar bone metastasis. Chemotherapy with S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine, and docetaxel had been begun immediately; however, the disease had rapidly spread in the retroperitoneum. Eventually, the patient died of the disease 15 months after surgery. Discussion Retroperitoneal mucinous cystic neoplasms are considered to be metaplasia of embryonal coelomic epithelium. Complete excision without rupture is essential. However, variance of biological aggressiveness might exist in PRMCs. Conclusion Retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma is a rare tumor, and it is urgently necessary to elucidate the etiology of an effective therapy for the disease. PMID:25884614

  4. [Diagnostic-therapeutic approach for retroperitoneal tumors].

    PubMed

    Cariati, A

    1993-12-01

    After a careful review of the Literature, diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for Primary Retroperitoneal Tumours (PRT) are reported. The Author analyzes the experience of the Institute of Clinica Chirurgica "R" (Chief: Prof. E. Tosatti) as well as that of Anatomia Chirurgica (Chief: Prof. E. Cariati),--University of Genoa--in the management of PRT, stressing the importance of preoperative staging for a correct surgical approach.

  5. Different transformation of mature teratoma in a patient with mixed germ cell tumor of the testis.

    PubMed

    Fujimura, Testuya; Yamada, Yuta; Nasu, Michiyo; Hamasaki, Kimihisa; Minowada, Shigeru; Kitamura, Tadaichi

    2005-06-01

    A 44-year-old male was referred with a left supraclavicular lymphadenopathy. A biopsy of the lymph node showed metastatic embryonal carcinoma. Tumor markers were present at high levels: alpha-fetoprotein 253.9 ng/mL, beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin 62 ng/mL. Computed tomography (CT) showed retroperitoneal adenopathy. High orchiectomy was done. The patient was treated with three cycles of etoposide plus cisplatin, achieved normalization of the serum tumor markers and underwent retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. Pathological findings of multiple lymph nodes showed teratomatous glands without viable cells. At follow-ups performed every 3 months, tumor markers remained within normal limits and no evidence of recurrence was observed. Eight years after first admission a CT scan revealed a cystic tumor 1 cm in diameter in the para-aortic region. The cystic tumor continued to slowly grow, expanding by 1 cm in diameter per year without elevation of tumor markers. The para-aortic tumor had grown to 4 cm in diameter and a left supraclavicular lymphadennopathy recurred. A resection of the supraclavicular cystic tumor showed mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, but a cystic tumor in the para-aortic region revealed mature teratoma. Here we report a case of mature teratoma with metastases at supraclavicular and para-aortic lymph nodes which had different transformations in spite of both regions consisting of cystic tumors.

  6. Laparoscopic excision of retroperitoneal tumors: technique and review of the laparoscopic experience.

    PubMed

    Cadeddu, M O; Mamazza, J; Schlachta, C M; Seshadri, P A; Poulin, E C

    2001-04-01

    A technique for laparoscopic excision of benign retroperitoneal tumors, including a teratoma and two cystic lesions, is described. Laparoscopic resection of a 12-cm retroperitoneal teratoma was accomplished with the patient in the left lateral decubitus position. Medial mobilization of the ascending colon and the duodenum was required for access to the lesion. Resections of two cystic lesions (measuring 20 cm and 12 cm) were performed with the patients in the lithotomy position. The colon required medial mobilization in both cases to gain access to the cysts. Once the cysts were dissected from surrounding structures, they were punctured, and the aspirated fluid was sent for cytologic analysis. There were no complications or conversions. Mean operating time was 122 minutes (range, 80-190). Patients were discharged 1 day after surgery, requiring only nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for analgesia. Retroperitoneal tumors can be resected laparoscopically with careful preoperative investigation and meticulous laparoscopic technique. A major advantage of laparoscopic resections is that the patient recovers rapidly with minimal morbidity.

  7. [Retroperitoneal and mesenteric cysts].

    PubMed

    Vasilev, N; Kirov, G; Avramov, T

    1990-01-01

    Experience is recorded with the diagnosis and successful surgical treatment of 5 patients with retroperitoneal and mesenterial cysts. According to available data in the literature, one patients with retroperitoneal or mesenteric cyst falls among an average of 34,000-105,000 in-lying patients. Basic symptom on physical examination was a palpable tumor mass in the abdomen. In recent years correct preoperative diagnosis of these diseases has been established in 85-95 per cent of the cases with the help of echography and computer tomography. The surgical approach was determined from the possibility for total or partial removal of the cyst, which was sometimes accompanied by partial or total removal of abdominal organs involved in the pathologic process.

  8. Retroperitoneal unilateral ileofemoral thromboendarterectomy.

    PubMed

    Brown, L L; Kartchner, M M

    1986-04-01

    This clinical series of 145 operative procedures is presented to demonstrate that an aggressive approach in the management of ileofemoral arterial insufficiency utilizing a retroperitoneal approach for thromboendarterectomy is useful and appropriate. Considering the overall risk factors associated with this patient population, we have demonstrated that this method is well tolerated as supported by the low morbidity and mortality figures presented. The native vascular tree has been preserved, and excellent early and long-term revascularization goals have been obtained.

  9. Retroperitoneal neurogenous choristoma.

    PubMed

    Wan, J; Ritchey, M L; Muraszko, K; Bloom, D A

    1992-12-01

    A 6-year-old girl with urinary complaints underwent ultrasonography, which revealed a retroperitoneal cystic mass adjacent to the left kidney. Computerized tomography did not demonstrate whether the mass was an adrenal cyst or a duplicated upper pole segment. Exploration revealed a neurogenous choristoma, which is a collection of histologically normal tissue that is ectopically situated. We believe that this is the first report of this rare entity occurring in the retroperitoneum.

  10. Retroperitoneal foregut cyst.

    PubMed

    Kajiya, Y; Nakajo, M; Ichinari, N; Yamazumi, K; Otuji, T; Tanaka, T

    1997-01-01

    A foregut cyst is formed as a result of abnormal budding and pinching of the tracheobronchial tree when bronchial buds develop to form the primitive respiratory tree. Foregut cysts are clinically classified as bronchogenic, esophageal, enterogastric, or ciliated hepatic. We present a foregut cyst that occurred in the retroperitoneum and was difficult to distinguish from other retroperitoneal cystic mass lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging was useful in revealing the cyst's continuity to adjacent organs.

  11. [A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst].

    PubMed

    Colović, R; Radovanović, N; Micev, M; Colović, N; Stojković, M

    2001-01-01

    Bronchogenic cyst is a rare congenital (developmental) anomaly. It is usually asymptomatic but its enlargement and localization may cause serious symptoms. Exact preoperative diagnosis is rarely established. As a rule, it is established during histological examination of the resected specimen. We present a patient with a subdiaphragmatic retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in whom exact diagnosis was documented by histological examination of excised cyst. To our knowledge this is the third such case ever reported.

  12. [Retroperitoneal liposarcoma. Two cases].

    PubMed

    Bennani, S; Debbagh, A; Louahlia, S; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1995-01-01

    Concerning two cases of liposarcomas developing in the retroperitoneal space, the characteristics of these rare tumors are reviewed. They are the most frequent mesenchymal tumors. Often, they are uncovered by palpable abdominal mass or when they compress adjoining organs. Computed tomography has proved valuable in the diagnosis of these lesions. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice. Recurrences are frequent and prognosis is poor. PMID:7486852

  13. Extragonadal teratoma in a domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo domestica).

    PubMed

    Paździor, Katarzyna; Szweda, Magdalena; Otrocka-Domagała, Iwona; Rotkiewicz, Tadeusz

    2012-01-01

    This is the first report of a primary, spontaneous and, most probably, congenital teratoma in a domestic turkey, localized in front of the left eyeball. The unique localization allowed surgical excision of the tumour. The histopathological examination revealed that the tumour included structures derived from all three germ cell layers: ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm (e.g. cartilaginous, osseous, haematopoietic, fibrous, nervous, glandular, squamous epithelial and smooth muscle tissues). The presence of epithelial cells as well as smooth muscle cells was confirmed using anti-cytokeratin and anti-desmin antibodies, respectively. The proliferative activity of the tumour cells was confirmed using proliferating cell nuclear antigen immunostaining. The other cases of teratoma in wild and domestic birds are reviewed briefly.

  14. Histologic grade and karyotype of immature teratoma of the ovary.

    PubMed

    Ihara, T; Ohama, K; Satoh, H; Fujii, T; Nomura, K; Fujiwara, A

    1984-12-15

    Seven cases of ovarian "pure" immature teratoma were encountered in patients 10 to 38 years of age, six cases being in Stage Ia and one case in Stage IIc. The primary tumors and recurrent growth observed in one case were histologically graded from 0 to 3 according to the criteria of Norris et al. Karyotypes of the tumors and the patients were determined using culture and banding techniques. The only nonsurviving case was in Stage IIc. Four primary tumors belonging to grades 0, 1, and 2 showed a normal 46,XX female karyotype and the patients are alive and healthy. Three grade 3 tumors showed various types of karyotype abnormalities (48,XX,+14,+21; 47,XX,+20; 47,XXX). One patient died, one is alive after experiencing a recurrent tumor, and one has only been followed for 22 months. All seven patients had a normal 46,XX female chromosome constitution. Evidence to date indicates that karyotype of ovarian immature teratoma is either normal female 46,XX or a slight deviation from normal. It is postulated that in ovarian immature teratoma normal 46,XX karyotype is an indicator of favorable prognosis, whereas deviations in karyotype suggest a possibility of poor prognosis. PMID:6498772

  15. Ovarian germ cell tumors with rhabdomyosarcomatous components and later development of growing teratoma syndrome: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Development of a sarcomatous component in a germ cell tumor is an uncommon phenomenon. Most cases reported have a grim prognosis. Growing teratoma syndrome is also an uncommon phenomenon and occurs in approximately 2% to 7% of non seminomatous germ cell tumors and should be treated surgically. Case presentation We report the case of a 12-year-old Asian girl with an ovarian mixed germ cell tumor containing a rhabdomyosarcomatous component. She was treated with a germ cell tumor chemotherapy regimen and rhabdomyosarcoma-specific chemotherapy. Towards the end of her treatment, she developed a retroperitoneal mass that was increasing in size. It was completely resected, revealing a mature teratoma, consistent with growing teratoma syndrome. She is still in complete remission approximately three years after presentation. Conclusion The presence of rhabdomyosarcoma in a germ cell tumor should be treated by a combined chemotherapy regimen (for germ cell tumor and rhabdomyosarcoma). In addition, development of a mass during or after therapy with normal serum markers should raise the possibility of growing teratoma syndrome that should be treated surgically. PMID:22248255

  16. Bronchogenic cysts in retroperitoneal region.

    PubMed

    Cai, Yunnan; Guo, Zonghua; Cai, Qiliang; Dai, Shipeng; Gao, Weimin; Niu, Yuanjie; Li, Gang; Zhang, Ye

    2013-02-01

    Bronchogenic cyst is a relatively rare abnormality that develop from the accessory lung buds of the foregut. The cyst is regarded as a congenital developmental abnormality. Occurence in the retroperitoneal presentation is rare. Here, we present two patients who had an incidentally discovered retroperitoneal mass which were revealed to be bronchogenic cysts after surgical extirpation.

  17. Neurocutaneous syndromes and retroperitoneal tumors.

    PubMed

    Rossi, R; Libertino, J A; Dowd, J B; Braasch, J W

    1979-03-01

    A patient with multiple basal cell carcinoma syndrome, a symptom complex characteristized by nevoid basal cell carcinomas of the skin, jaw cysts, skeletal abnormalities, and hyporesponsiveness to parathormone is presented. In addition, the patient had a retroperitoneal lymphagiomyoma, a hamartomatous lesion, causing ureteral obstruction. The association of neuroectodermic syndromes and retroperitoneal and intra-abdominal tumors is reviewed.

  18. An egg shell-like retroperitoneal pseudocyst.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhao-Lun; Li, Hong-Liang; Chen, Hai-Weng; Gan, Wei-Ming

    2011-09-01

    Retroperitoneal pseudocysts are rare entities. Egg shell-like calcified retroperitoneal pseudocyst is rarer. We report a 75-year-old woman with an egg shell-like calcified retroperitoneal pseudocyst. Subsequently, the calcified pseudocyst was dissected and excised completely through laparoscopy via a retroperitoneal approach.

  19. Congenital Nasopharyngeal Teratoma in a Neonate

    PubMed Central

    Mirshemirani, Alireza; Khaleghnejad, Ahmad; Mohajerzadeh, Leila; Samsami, Majid; Hasas-yeganeh, Shaghayegh

    2011-01-01

    Background Congenital germ cell tumors are uncommon. The most common site of teratoma is in the sacrococcygeal region. Teratoma arising from the head and neck comprises less than 10% of reported cases and of these, nasopharyngeal lesions are rare. Teratomas are generally benign, and have a well recognized clinical and histopathological entity. We present a case of nasopharyngeal teratoma (NPT) associated with a wide cleft palate. Case Presentation A 20 day old female neonate with a teratoma of the nasopharyngeal area, and wide cleft palate was referred to our center. The protruded mass which measured 6×4×3cm, was of soft consistency, blocked the airway, and prevented oral feeding. Preoperative evaluation and imaging was performed and mass was excised 2 days after admission. Pathology revealed a well-differentiated mature solid teratoma (hairy polyp). The patient had no complication in the post-operative period. Cleft palate was surgically repaired when 2 years old. She is now a six year old girl with normal development. Conclusion Congenital nasopharyngeal teratomas are usually benign. Surgery is the treatment of choice, and should be undertaken on an urgent basis, especially in a patient who presents with signs and symptoms of airway obstruction. PMID:23056797

  20. Retroperitoneal mesenteric cysts.

    PubMed

    Katsohis, C D; Papapolichroniadis, C; Nenopoulou, H; Aletras, H A

    1989-01-01

    Retroperitoneal cysts are most commonly found in relation to the small bowel but may be found in the mesentery of the colon or in the omentum. Only a few hundred cases have been reported. In the present analysis four more cases are reported and the pertinent literature is reviewed. The diagnosis is made by clinical suspicion, barium meal and/or enema, sonography and axial computerized tomography. Treatment of choice is by enucleation of the cyst, if possible. Morbidity and mortality should be very low, because of recent advances in surgery and intensive care of the patient.

  1. Endoscopic Retroperitoneal Adrenalectomy for Adrenal Metastases

    PubMed Central

    Simutis, Gintaras; Lengvenis, Givi; Beiša, Virgilijus; Strupas, Kęstutis

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate whether retroperitoneal approach for adrenalectomy is a safe and effective treatment for adrenal metastases (AM). Methods. From June 2004 to January 2014, nine consecutive patients with AM were treated with endoscopic retroperitoneal adrenalectomy (ERA). A retrospective study was conducted, and clinical data, tumor characteristics, and oncologic outcomes were acquired and analyzed. Results. Renal cancer was the primary site of malignancy in 44.4% of cases. The mean operative time was 132 ± 10.4 min. There were 5 synchronous and 4 metachronous AM. One patient required conversion to transperitoneal laparoscopic procedure. No mortality or perioperative complications were observed. The median overall survival was 11 months (range: 2–42 months). Survival rates of 50% and 25% were identified at 1 and 3 years, respectively. At the end of the study, 4 patients were alive with a mean observed follow-up of 20 months. No patients presented with local tumor relapse or port-site metastases. Conclusions. This study shows that ERA is a safe and effective procedure for resection of AM and advances the surgical treatment of adrenal disease. The use of the retroperitoneal approach for adrenal tumors less than 6 cm can provide very favorable surgical outcomes. PMID:25276132

  2. [Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma].

    PubMed

    Waisberg, J; Pezzolo, S; Henrique, A C; Kerr, L M; Speranzini, M B

    1999-01-01

    The lymphangioma is a rare disease, more frequently reported in children and just occasionally in the adult patient. The lymphangioma is considered a benign neoplasm of embryonic origin of the lymphatic vessels. Its habitual location is in the cervical and axillary area; it is rarely found in the abdominal cavity and exceptionally in the retroperitonio. In this latter location, the lesion habitually is asymptomatic. The clinical diagnosis of the retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma is not often due to its rarity and the absence of clinical expression. The size of the lesion is more important than its location to the symptomatology development. The findings of the abdominal ultrasonography and computerized tomography of the abdomen usually show a cystic lesion and its location. The treatment is surgical and it consists of the resection of the cyst or group of cysts once the liquid accumulation in its interior may be responsible for the development of some important complications of this disease. The cure is obtained when the lesion is completely resected also with the resection of eventual adhesive structures. The relapse may take place when the resection is incomplete. A case of retroperitoneal lymphangioma in a female adult patient as incidental finding of abdominal ultra-sonography is described. It is discussed the clinical picture, the radiologic diagnosis, the treatment and the prognostic of this unusual disease.

  3. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery for a mesenteric teratoma.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Yusuke; Koyama, Shinsuke; Shiki, Yasuhiko

    2014-01-01

    Mature cystic teratomas are benign neoplasms of germ cell tumors that occur most frequently in gonadal sites. The tumors usually contain 2 or 3 well-differentiated elements of endodermal, ectodermal, and mesodermal origin. Although relatively uncommon, teratomas can be composed of mature tissue originating from only 1 germ cell layer. This is known as a monodermal teratoma. Extragonadal teratomas, especially mesenteric teratomas, are extremely rare. Currently, only 21 cases of mesenteric teratoma have been described in the English literature. Mesenteric teratomas are rarely diagnosed preoperatively because pathological examination is necessary to make a definitive diagnosis. We herein report a rare case of mesenteric monodermal teratoma and review the literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of mesenteric teratoma treated with hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery. PMID:24680163

  4. Persistent elevation of CA 19-9 levels in a patient with an extended retroperitoneal dermoid.

    PubMed

    Micke, O; Schafer, U; Willich, N

    1999-01-01

    CA 19-9 has been established as sensitive tumor marker in a variety of malignant diseases, especially in carcinomas of the exocrine pancreas. The specificity of CA 19-9 is limited by many benign diseases causing abnormal values. A case of a patient with a retroperitoneal dermoid showing high serum levels of CA 19-9 will be described. The patient suffered from a large retroperitoneal mass (7 x 6 x 9 cm). A CT-guided fine needle biopsy of the tumor was performed and the histology was compatible with a benign dermoid. The CT-scans of the abdomen showed also the typical features of a dermoid. Tumor markers and lab counts stayed in the normal range except CA 19-9, which was constantly elevated with value between 131 and 329 U/ml. A benign or malignant disorder was excluded. An immunoscintigraphy and a SPECT with a I-131-labeled monoclonal antibody against CA 19-9 revealed the retroperitoneal mass as the source of the CA 19-9 elevation. This is the first case described in English scientific literature of a retroperitoneal dermoid (benign teratoma) as a source of a persistently elevated level of CA 19-9.

  5. Successful enucleation of retroperitoneal cyst.

    PubMed

    Singal, Rikki; Gupta, Samita; Singh, Bir

    2012-01-01

    Retroperitoneal mesenteric cyst is a rare entity among the other mesenteric cysts and intra-abdominal tumours. A 42-year-old woman reported with pain abdomen off and on since one month. There were no other complaints. On ultrasonography a mesenteric cyst was diagnosed. Surgery was planned which revealed a retroperitoneal mesenteric cyst. Enucleation of the cyst was done. In follow-up of 6 months patient is asymptomatic. We are reporting a rarely reported retroperitoneal mesenteric cyst in the mesentery of the descending colon or sigmoid.

  6. Teratoma of the mediastinum: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction This case report illustrates a rare case of teratoma of the mediastinum which was continuous to the pericardium and caused extrinsic compression to the right atrium. Case presentation A 22-year-old Caucasian man with no complaints or comorbid conditions presented to our hospital with obliteration of the right cardiophrenic sinus by a mass. A non-invasive investigation demonstrated a tumoral mass which was continuous to the pericardium and caused extrinsic compression to the right atrium. The clinical suspicion was a pericardial or bronchogenic cyst. Surgical and anatomopathologic findings led to the diagnosis of a mature cystic teratoma with atrophic thymic tissue at the external teratoma surface. Conclusion We present an original report of a mature teratoma causing obliteration of the right cardiophrenic sinus with extrinsic heart compression. The diagnosis of this tumor is very difficult through non-invasive investigation. PMID:21599893

  7. Imaging of uncommon retroperitoneal masses.

    PubMed

    Rajiah, Prabhakar; Sinha, Rakesh; Cuevas, Carlos; Dubinsky, Theodore J; Bush, William H; Kolokythas, Orpheus

    2011-01-01

    Retroperitoneal masses not arising from major solid organs are uncommon. Although there is no simple method of classifying retroperitoneal masses, a reasonable approach is to consider the masses as predominantly solid or cystic and to subdivide these into neoplastic and nonneoplastic masses. Because the treatment options vary, it is useful to be able to differentiate these masses by using imaging criteria. Although the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal masses can be narrowed down to a certain extent on the basis of imaging characteristics, patterns of involvement, and demographics, there is still a considerable overlap of imaging findings for these masses, and histologic examination is often required for definitive diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging play an important role in characterization and in the assessment of the extent of the disease and involvement of adjacent and distant structures. Familiarity with the CT and MR imaging features of various retroperitoneal masses will facilitate accurate diagnosis and staging for aggressive lesions.

  8. Mature Teratoma of the Petrous Bone with Extension into the Cerebellopontine Angle: Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Nickalus; Klimo, Paul; Harreld, Julie; Armstrong, Gregory T.; Michael, L. Madison

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Intracranial teratomas in children involving lateral structures such as the petrous portion of the temporal bone are very uncommon. The authors report a case of a petrous teratoma with significant extension into the cerebellopontine angle with brainstem compression. Case Report An 11-year-old girl presented left-sided facial weakness. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a multiloculated lesion expanding the labyrinthine structures in the left petrous temporal bone including the vestibule, semicircular canals, and cochlea, with extension to the left cerebellopontine angle via the expanded left internal auditory canal. The tumor was resected via a transtemporal approach with no evidence of recurrence at nearly 2 years. Conclusion Complete resection should be the primary treatment for these tumors to minimize the risk of recurrence. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report of a mature teratoma originating in the petrous bone with extension into the cerebellopontine angle. PMID:24294566

  9. A rare presentation of a huge mature mediastinal teratoma with right lung cavitation

    PubMed Central

    Pattnaik, Manoj Kumar; Majhi, Paresh Chandra; Nayak, Anil Kumar; Senapati, Debadutta

    2014-01-01

    A school-going child presented with fever and productive cough for a short period, which after laboratory and radiological survey was diagnosed as mediastinal teratoma with lung cavitation. Preoperatively the exact cause of lung pathology could not be established, although more common causes prevalent in this zone such as, tuberculosis and lung abscess were excluded. Surgical treatment was planned and excision of the mediastinal mass with segmentectomy of the right-upper lobe carried out through median sternotomy. Mature teratoma is the most common primary germ cell tumour of the mediastinum accounting for 60–70% of all mediastinal germ cell tumours. On very rare occasions it involves the adjacent lung, usually the left lung, producing secondary changes inviting suspicion of a separate lung pathology. Here we present a rare case of a huge mature mediastinal teratoma with secondary right lung cavitation. PMID:24842359

  10. Effective treatment for malignant mediastinal teratoma.

    PubMed

    Parker, D; Holford, C P; Begent, R H; Newlands, E S; Rustin, G J; Makey, A R; Bagshawe, K D

    1983-12-01

    Primary malignant mediastinal teratoma is a rare tumour previously regarded as inevitably fatal. In a series of eight male patients with a mean age of 24 years five remain alive and well. All patients showed raised serum concentrations of human chorionic gonadotrophin or alpha fetoprotein. The patients were treated with intermittent combination chemotherapy that included cisplatin. Six patients responded to chemotherapy with a fall in human chorionic gonadotrophin or alpha fetoprotein to near normal levels and they then had radical excision of the remaining tumour. Living malignant tumour was found in four of the specimens and these patients received postoperative chemotherapy. One patient died after eight months and the remaining five patients are alive and well 13-136 months after the start of treatment. The two patients who did not undergo surgery died at one month and 15 months. Intermittent combination chemotherapy and carefully timed radical excision of these tumours would appear to have produced better results than have been reported in other series.

  11. Effective treatment for malignant mediastinal teratoma.

    PubMed Central

    Parker, D; Holford, C P; Begent, R H; Newlands, E S; Rustin, G J; Makey, A R; Bagshawe, K D

    1983-01-01

    Primary malignant mediastinal teratoma is a rare tumour previously regarded as inevitably fatal. In a series of eight male patients with a mean age of 24 years five remain alive and well. All patients showed raised serum concentrations of human chorionic gonadotrophin or alpha fetoprotein. The patients were treated with intermittent combination chemotherapy that included cisplatin. Six patients responded to chemotherapy with a fall in human chorionic gonadotrophin or alpha fetoprotein to near normal levels and they then had radical excision of the remaining tumour. Living malignant tumour was found in four of the specimens and these patients received postoperative chemotherapy. One patient died after eight months and the remaining five patients are alive and well 13-136 months after the start of treatment. The two patients who did not undergo surgery died at one month and 15 months. Intermittent combination chemotherapy and carefully timed radical excision of these tumours would appear to have produced better results than have been reported in other series. Images PMID:6198739

  12. [Retroperitoneal cystic mesothelioma and lymphangioma].

    PubMed

    Segura Martín, M; Lorenzo Romero, J G; Hernández Millán, I; Pastor Guzmán, J M; Salinas Sánchez, A S; Ruiz Mondéjar, R; Virseda Rodríguez, J A

    1998-03-01

    Retroperitoneal cysts are uncommon entities of difficult diagnosis because of their insidious symptomatology. Urinary apparatus involvement is quite often the mode of presentation and the reason for calling on the urologist. The origin of many of these retroperitoneal cysts remains practically unknown. Surgery with exeresis is the choice management method. Follow-up is necessary for cystic mesothelioma because of the highly frequent relapses. The outlook of hormonal conservative therapy for relapses appears as a future alternative to treatment.

  13. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst.

    PubMed

    Brient, C; Muller, C; Cassagneau, P; Taieb, D; Sebag, F; Henry, J-F

    2012-10-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are benign congenital malformations usually. A retroperitoneal location is extremely uncommon. We reported a case of bronchogenic cyst occurred in the retroperitoneum in a 60-year-old patient. An abdominal CT for a prostatic adenocarcinoma staging has reported this incidental lesion. Biological, radiological and histological assessment confirmed the bronchogenic cyst diagnosis. The treatment of choice for most authors is surgical excision. However, because of a low malignant transformation risk, we have chosen a follow-up with abdominal computerized tomography every 6 months. During 3 years, biological and radiological assessments have shown a stable lesion. Therefore, it seems reasonable to propose a simple radiological monitoring for bronchogenic cysts in selected patients.

  14. [Giant retroperitoneal hydatid cyst].

    PubMed

    Massoud, W; Saheb, N; Iliescu, B; Kreitmann, L; Chabenne, J; Campeggi, A; Molinie, V; Baumert, H

    2009-06-01

    Hydatidosis is an endemic, widely distributed anthropozoonosis, which involves the liver, lung and other organs [Int J Urol 13 (2006) 76-9]. We reported the case of a large retroperitoneal hydatid cyst, which is a rare situation [Hepatogastroenterology 48 (2001) 1037-9; Int Urol Nephrol 32 (2000) 41-6; J Urol (Paris) 94 (1988) 445-8]. Diagnosis was suspected with blood tests and radiological examinations. A wide incision in the right iliac fossa (such in renal graft) was performed. The cyst wall was excised partially. Before, during and following the operation, the patient was given albendazole tablets (15mg/kg per day) for 3 weeks (1 week before and 2 weeks after the surgery) with blood count and liver enzyme monitorization. Especially in the endemic areas, hydatid cyst should be remembered when evaluating cystic masses in the retroperitoneum. It can be treated successfully with surgery.

  15. [Ureterohydronephrosis secondary to a cyst of retroperitoneal mesentery].

    PubMed

    Vicente Prados, F J; Martínez Morcillo, A; Tallada Buñuel, M; Cózar Olmo, J M; Espejo Maldonado, E; Pedrajas de Torres, G

    1998-02-01

    Retroperitoneal primary cysts are rare clinical entities. A contribution is made of one case presenting this condition with repercussion on the excretory route. Ultrasound and computerized axial tomography studies suggest the diagnosis but this is confirmed through laparotomy. Choice treatment is enucleation, typically easy because of the minimal adherence to surrounding structures. Recurrence is rare and malignancy practically non-existent.

  16. Retroperitoneal cystic neuroendocrine tumor. A case report.

    PubMed

    Scapinello, A; D'Amore, E S; Cavazzana, A O; Gramegna, V; Ninfo, V

    1995-10-01

    A 21 cm retroperitoneal cystic mass was excised from a 71 year old woman. The cyst was filled with a hemorrhagic fluid and contained a 5 cm parietal hemorrhagic nodule. On histology, the nodule was composed of a uniform population of round cells arranged in trabeculae and nests. The neoplastic cells were immunoreactive to cytokeratin, EMA, NSE, chromogranin A, pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and Gastrin (G). Ultrastructural observation of neurosecretory granules confirmed the neuroendocrine nature of the tumor. No other lesions were detected and a diagnosis of primary epithelial neuroendocrine tumor was rendered. The histogenesis of the tumor including the possibility of a paraganglionic origin is discussed.

  17. Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation for Treatment of Recurrent Retroperitoneal Liposarcoma

    SciTech Connect

    Keil, Sebastian Bruners, Philipp; Brehmer, Bernhard; Mahnken, Andreas Horst

    2008-07-15

    Percutaneous CT-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is becoming more and more established in the treatment of various neoplasms, including retroperitoneal tumors of the kidneys and the adrenal glands. We report the case of RFA in a patient suffering from the third relapse of a retroperitoneal liposarcoma in the left psoas muscle. After repeated surgical resection and supportive radiation therapy of a primary retroperitoneal liposarcoma and two surgically treated recurrences, including replacement of the ureter by a fraction of the ileum, there was no option for further surgery. Thus, we considered RFA as the most suitable treatment option. Monopolar RFA was performed in a single session with a 2-cm umbrella-shaped LeVeen probe. During a 27-month follow-up period the patient remained free of tumor.

  18. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: laparoscopic treatment.

    PubMed

    Ishizuka, O; Misawa, K; Nakazawa, M; Nishizawa, O

    2004-01-01

    Subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cysts are rare, and those located retroperitoneally are exceptional. We describe a retroperitoneal cyst presenting as an asymptomatic adrenal mass which was treated with laparoscopic surgery with three trocars.

  19. Symptomatic retroperitoneal cyst: a diagnostic challenge.

    PubMed

    Renzulli, Pietro; Candinas, Daniel

    2009-03-01

    Retroperitoneal cystic masses pose an important diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Simple drainage, internal or external, is usually not sufficient. We report a case of a large symptomatic retroperitoneal cyst and its management.

  20. Atypical Teratomas of the Pineal

    PubMed Central

    Lewis, I.; Baxter, D. W.; Stratford, J. G.

    1963-01-01

    Atypical teratomas of the pineal were studied pathologically and clinically, and five illustrative cases are described. The results of three postmortem examinations are available, while two of the patients are living, one leading a normal life. Pathological verification revealed that two had suprasellar “ectopic” pinealomas. One neoplasm was located in the pineal (collicular) region. The histology of the tumours was identical, consisting of small cells resembling lymphocytes and large cells with prominent nucleoli and mitoses. This feature plus the midline location led to adoption of the term “atypical teratoma”. Patients with collicular pinealomas presented with headache, vomiting, papilledema, Parinaud's syndrome and, rarely, nystagmus retractorius. Diabetes insipidus, visual difficulty and hypopituitarism were characteristic features in those with suprasellar neoplasms. Treatment of collicular pinealoma has consisted of the use of a palliative shunt followed by a course of radiation. Chiasmal decompression and radiation have produced favourable results in patients with suprasellar pinealoma. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Fig. 3Fig. 4Fig. 5Fig. 6Fig. 7Fig. 8Fig. 9Fig. 10Fig. 11Fig. 12 PMID:20327617

  1. Computed tomography of pseudocysts in retroperitoneal fibrosis.

    PubMed

    Feldberg, M A; van Waes, P F

    1987-01-01

    Two cases of pseudocysts associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis and ureteral obstruction are described. Chemical analysis in the first case identified the retroperitoneal cyst as chylous in origin. In the second case the cystic area within the retroperitoneal fibrosis disappeared following treatment with steroids.

  2. Glioblastoma arising within a mediastinal mature teratoma.

    PubMed

    Liu, Liping; Jentoft, Mark E; Boland, Jennifer M

    2016-10-01

    Herein we present the case of a 42-year-old man who presented with an anterior mediastinal mass, which was found to represent a mature teratoma. Within it, there was a secondary somatic malignant glial neoplasm with mitotic activity and necrosis, compatible with glioblastoma. He experienced early local recurrence and lymph node metastasis, but is alive and well 3 1/2 years after diagnosis. Neither the teratoma nor the glioblastoma components had abnormalities of chromosome 12, which may implicate that this teratoma was more closely related to those arising along the midline of infants and children (type I germ cell tumor) than to the typically malignant testicular examples, which often contain mixed germ cell elements (type II germ cell tumor). PMID:27327191

  3. Retroperitoneal, mesenteric, and omental cysts.

    PubMed

    Vanek, V W; Phillips, A K

    1984-07-01

    Retroperitoneal, mesenteric, and omental cysts are rare abdominal tumors occurring in approximately one of 105,000 hospitalized patients. These cysts have a similar pathogenesis that primarily may be ectopic lymphatic tissue. Retroperitoneal and mesenteric cysts can occur anywhere in the area between the duodenum and rectum but are most common in the small-bowel mesentery, especially the ileum. They can appear as chronic abdominal pain, a painless abdominal mass, or acute abdomen. The most common physical finding of a retroperitoneal or mesenteric cyst is a compressible abdominal mass, movable transversely but not longitudinally; omental cysts are freely movable. Diagnostic aids include abdominal computed tomography and ultrasound. The upper gastro-intestinal (GI) tract series, barium enema examination, and intravenous pyelogram exclude GI and genitourinary cysts and tumors. Treatment of choice is enucleation; resection of the adjacent bowel may occasionally be necessary. Morbidity and mortality should be very low because of modern surgical techniques and follow-up procedures.

  4. Retroperitoneal cysts: a case report.

    PubMed

    Pace, Gianna; Galatioto Paradiso, Giuseppe; Galassi, Paolo; Vicentini, Carlo

    2006-03-01

    Retroperitoneal cysts are rare lesions, variable from asymptomatic cases with incidental discovery to case with acute or chronic abdominal discomfort. A 50-year-old female after a car crash refered chronic abdominal pain. An X-ray revealed the presence of sternal and multiple costal fractures. Abdominal ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) lead to the discovery of a retroperitoneal cyst too. As the patient was well after fractures solution, we decided to control the cyst in the time. In symptomatic cases surgery is the treatment of choice. The advent of laparoscopic surgery allows resection of these cysts to be achieved without full laparotomy.

  5. Retroperitoneal cystic masses: CT, clinical, and pathologic findings and literature review.

    PubMed

    Yang, Dal Mo; Jung, Dong Hae; Kim, Hana; Kang, Jee Hee; Kim, Sun Ho; Kim, Ji Hye; Hwang, Hee Young

    2004-01-01

    Cystic lesions of the retroperitoneum can be classified as either neoplastic or nonneoplastic. Neoplastic lesions include cystic lymphangioma, mucinous cystadenoma, cystic teratoma, cystic mesothelioma, müllerian cyst, epidermoid cyst, tailgut cyst, bronchogenic cyst, cystic change in solid neoplasms, pseudomyxoma retroperitonei, and perianal mucinous carcinoma. Nonneoplastic lesions include pancreatic pseudocyst, nonpancreatic pseudocyst, lymphocele, urinoma, and hematoma. Because the clinical implications of and therapeutic strategies for retroperitoneal cystic masses vary depending on the cause, the ability to noninvasively differentiate between masses is important. Although there is substantial overlap of computed tomographic (CT) findings in various retroperitoneal cysts, some CT features, along with clinical characteristics, may suggest a specific diagnosis. CT may provide important information regarding lesion location, size, and shape; the presence and thickness of a wall; the presence of septa, calcifications, or fat; and involvement of adjacent structures. The most important clinical parameters include patient gender, age, symptoms, and clinical history. Familiarity with the CT and clinical features of various retroperitoneal cystic masses facilitates accurate diagnosis and treatment.

  6. Ovarian teratoma and endometritis in a mare

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    Abstract An 8-year-old Arabian mare was admitted for a large ovarian anovulatory follicle. A clinical diagnosis of ovarian tumor and endometritis was established. Histological examinations revealed an ovarian teratoma and a grade II endometritis. Three months after unilateral ovariectomy, the mare was confirmed pregnant and eventually gave birth uneventfully. PMID:16363331

  7. Elevated serum tumor markers in patients with testicular cancer after induction chemotherapy due to a reservoir of markers in cystic differentiated mature teratoma.

    PubMed

    van der Gaast, A; Hoekstra, J W; Croles, J J; Splinter, T A

    1991-04-01

    Elevated serum tumor markers in patients with testicular cancer after induction chemotherapy indicate in most instances the presence of residual malignant disease. We describe 2 patients with elevated tumor markers after chemotherapy and before retroperitoneal lymph node dissection who did not prove to have residual malignant disease but cystic differentiated mature teratoma with a high content of alpha-fetoprotein and beta-human chorionic gonadotropin, respectively, in the cysts. It is postulated that leakage of the contents of these cysts to the plasma compartment was responsible for maintaining elevated serum tumor marker levels. Recognition of such entities is of consequence since unnecessary salvage chemotherapy in these patients may be avoided.

  8. Combined mediastinal and retroperitoneal fibrosis

    PubMed Central

    Salmon, H. W.

    1968-01-01

    A case of combined idiopathic mediastinal fibrosis and retroperitoneal fibrosis is described. It is possibly the twelfth case to be reported during life. A review of the literature reveals the `ubiquity' of localized collagenosis and the trend of opinion as regards aetiology and treatment. Images PMID:5654073

  9. Retroperitoneal malignant cyst. Case report.

    PubMed

    Melén, K; Sandermann, J; Stubberöd, A; Boiesen, P

    1991-10-01

    Forty years after removal of a benign mucinous cyst from the left retroperitoneal space, a malignant cyst with both sarcomatous and carcinomatous components was removed from the same site in a 75-year-old woman. Within 6 months the lesion recurred as a carcinoma penetrating the left colon and the abdominal wall.

  10. Retroperitoneal lymphangioma. A case report.

    PubMed

    Wang, H H; Li, S G; Chang, S Y; Ma, C P

    1989-06-01

    Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomas are rare benign tumours. Ultrasonography, computed tomography, lymphography or fine-needle percutaneous aspiration may be used to make the diagnosis pre-operatively. Complete excision of the cyst without rupture is the preferred treatment. However, in complicated cases a conservative surgical approach is mandatory.

  11. Prognostic Significance of Retroperitoneal Lymphadenectomy, Preoperative Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio in Primary Fallopian Tube Carcinoma: A Multicenter Study

    PubMed Central

    Gungorduk, Kemal; Ertas, Ibrahim E.; Ozdemir, Aykut; Akkaya, Emrah; Telli, Elcin; Taskin, Salih; Gokcu, Mehmet; Guzel, Ahmet Baris; Oge, Tufan; Akman, Levent; Toptas, Tayfun; Solmaz, Ulas; Dogan, Askın; Terek, Mustafa Cosan; Sanci, Muzaffer; Ozsaran, Aydin; Simsek, Tayyup; Vardar, Mehmet Ali; Yalcin, Omer Tarik; Ozalp, Sinan; Yildirim, Yusuf; Ortac, Firat

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic role of preoperative neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and the need for para-aortic lymphadectomy in patients with primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC). Materials and Methods Ninety-one patients with a diagnosis of PFTC were identified through the gynecologic oncology service database of six academic centers. Clinicopathological, surgical, and complete blood count data were collected. Results In univariate analysis, advanced stage, suboptimal surgery, and NLR > 2.7 were significant prognostic factors for progression-free survival, whereas in multivariate analysis, only advanced stage and suboptimal surgery were significant. In addition, in univariate analysis, cancer antigen 125 ≥ 35 U/mL, ascites, advanced stage, suboptimal surgery, NLR > 2.7, PLR > 233.3, platelet count ≥ 400,000 cells/mm3, staging type, and histological subtype were significant prognostic factors for overall survival (OS); however, in multivariate analysis, only advanced stage, suboptimal surgery, NLR > 2.7, and staging type were significant. Inclusion of pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy in surgery showed significant association with longer OS, with a mean and median OS of 42.0 months and 35.5 months (range, 22 to 78 months), respectively, vs. 33.5 months and 27.5 months (range, 14 to 76 months), respectively, for patients who underwent surgery without para-aortic lymphadenectomy (hazard ratio, 3.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 5.7; p=0.002). Conclusion NLR (in both univariate and multivariate analysis) and PLR (only in univariate analysis) were prognostic factors in PFTC. NLR and PLR are inexpensive and easy tests to perform. In addition, patients with PFTC who underwent bilateral pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy had longer OS. PMID:25622588

  12. [Clinical study of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for patients with advanced germ cell tumors].

    PubMed

    Okamura, K; Yuba, H; Nishimura, T; Mizutani, K; Takashi, M; Gotoh, M; Ono, Y; Ohshima, S

    1999-02-01

    We performed retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) on 14 patients (IIA: 1, IIB: 4, IIIA: 3, IIIB2: 2, IIIC: 4) with testicular and one with retroperitoneal germ cell tumor at the Nagoya University Hospital between 1986 and 1997. According to the international germ cell consensus classification, 4 patients were classified as "good-prognosis", three as "intermediate-prognosis" and eight as "poor-prognosis". RPLND was performed on 12 patients with the tumor marker levels normalized preoperatively and on three without the marker normalization. The mean surgical time was 510 (195-1, 125) minutes and the mean bleeding volume was 3,806 (100-12,598) g. The surgical time and bleeding volume were correlated with the size of the tumor in the body axis. Intraoperative complications occurred in 5 (33%) out of 15 patients: injury of renal artery (2), renal vein (1), ureter (1) and common iliac artery (2). Postoperative complications occurred in 2 patients: ileus (2) and lower extremity edema resulting from resection of the inferior vena cava (1) and would dehiscence (1). Of the 8 patients whose completely resected retroperitoneal tumors were necrosis/fibrosis or teratoma (psCR), 6 achieved survival with no evidence of disease (NED). Among 4 patients, whose tumor was not completely resected but pathologically diagnosed as necrosis/fibrosis or teratoma (pCR), NED without recurrence was achieved in 2 and also in one with resection of relapsed teratoma 2.5 years after RPLND. All three patients with cancer tissues pathologically retained in the resected tumors (sCR or psIR), consequently died of the disease. In six patients with relapse, the initial sign was elevation of the tumor marker levels, which was noted more than 30 days postoperatively in 2 patients with psCR and 7 to 15 days in 4 patients without psCR. We believe that RPLND is needed to examine the pathology and to predict the prognosis of the poor-risk patients with NSGCT. Careful dissection of vessels is needed to

  13. Retroperitoneal Endodermal Sinus Tumor Patient with Palliative Care Needs

    PubMed Central

    Kashyap, Surbhi

    2016-01-01

    This article is a case reflection of a personal encounter on the palliative care treatment required after the removal of a complicated case of a primary extra-gonadal retro-peritoneal endodermal sinus tumor (yolk sac tumor). This reflection is from the perspective of a recently graduated MD student who spent one month with an Indian pain management and palliative care team at the Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital (IRCH), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi PMID:26962288

  14. In Vivo Generation of Neural Stem Cells Through Teratoma Formation.

    PubMed

    Hong, Yean Ju; Kim, Jong Soo; Choi, Hyun Woo; Song, Hyuk; Park, Chankyu; Do, Jeong Tae

    2016-09-01

    Pluripotent stem cells have the potential to differentiate into all cell types of the body in vitro through embryoid body formation or in vivo through teratoma formation. In this study, we attempted to generate in vivo neural stem cells (NSCs) differentiated through teratoma formation using Olig2-GFP transgenic embryonic stem cells (ESCs). After 4 to 6 weeks of injection with Olig2-GFP transgenic ESCs, Olig2-GFP(+) NSCs were identified in teratomas formed in immunodeficient mice. Interestingly, 4-week-old teratomas contained higher percentage of Olig2-GFP(+) cells (∼11%) than 6-week-old teratomas (∼3%). These in vivo-derived NSCs expressed common NSC markers (Nestin and Sox2) and differentiated into terminal neuronal and glial lineages. These results suggest that pure NSC populations exhibiting properties similar to those of brain-derived NSCs can be established through teratoma formation. PMID:27439546

  15. Successful Surgical Treatment of Mature Teratoma Arising From the Sella

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yaxiong; Zhang, Yuekang; Xu, Jianguo; Chen, Ni

    2015-01-01

    Mature teratoma of the pituitary-hypothalamic region is rarely reported in the literature. In this article, we present a 13-year-old girl with clinical and radiological findings that were initially considered as germinoma. However, histological examinations disclosed a mature teratoma. This case highlights that the radiation-induced cerebral edema caused acute hydrocephalus. The mature teratoma is not radiosensitive, and the most appropriate treatment is direct surgery. PMID:25436031

  16. Mature posterior fossa teratoma mimicking infratentorial meningioma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Coulibaly, O; El Kacemi, I; Fatemi, N; Gana, R; Saïdi, A; Maaqili, R; Jiddane, M; Bellakhdar, F

    2012-02-01

    Intracranial teratomas are congenital neoplasms mostly diagnosed in the pediatric hood and usually involve supratentorial midline structures. These teratomas, especially those involving the posterior fossa are an uncommon and representing less than 0.5% of all intracranial tumors. We report a case of mature posterior fossa teratoma in an adult patient diagnosed in the 4th decade of life. This lesion was taken for a huge infratentorial meningioma.

  17. Giant Retroperitoneal Lipoma in an Infant

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Lipomas can occur almost anywhere in the body, but retroperitoneal lipomas are extremely rare. They are slowly growing benign tumors and can attain an enormous size due to silent course of the disease. Total excision of the mass is the treatment of choice and is curative for benign retroperitoneal lipomas. We treated an 11-month-old female patient with giant retroperitoneal lipomas by surgical excision. Histopathology confirmed it as fibrolipoma. PMID:25374800

  18. CELL SURFACE ANTIGENS OF A MOUSE TESTICULAR TERATOMA

    PubMed Central

    Gooding, Linda R.; Edidin, Michael

    1974-01-01

    Rabbit antisera to a mouse testicular teratoma, absorbed with normal mouse tissues, react by immunofluorescence with plasma membrane antigens of a variety of transplantable mouse tumor cells and transformed fibroblast cell lines including Clone 1D, SV-40-3T3, and 3T12. Trypsin treatment of cells of "normal" lines, 3T3 and FR-SV-3T3, uncovers reactivity on these as well. Early passage mouse embryo fibroblast cell cultures do not react even after trypsinization. By cross-absorbtion studies, the anti-teratoma serum appears to react with an antigen common to most tumor cells investigated thus far. When this antigen on Clone 1D cells is "capped," H-2 antigens collect with the teratoma antigens in the cap indicating a physical association between the molecules. Molecules specified by both the H-2D and H-2K regions are bound to the teratoma antigens in the Clone 1D plasma membrane. This antigen is also found in soluble tumor cell fractions where it is believed to be free of H-2. A second cell surface antigen defined by anti-teratoma serum is expressed only by hepatoma and teratoma itself. This second antigen is apparently a secretory product of teratoma cells. A third surface antigen defined by anti-teratoma serum appears to be specific for the teratoma. PMID:4365513

  19. Sonographic features of retroperitoneal neurilemoma.

    PubMed

    Kuo, C H; Changchien, C S

    1993-06-01

    Seven cases of retroperitoneal neurilemoma confirmed by histology had an ultrasound examination. There were 5 women and 2 men with a mean age of 55. Most of the cases (5/7) had a palpable mass clinically. Of the 7 cases, 4 had a mass with cystic degeneration and internal echoes on sonogram, consistent with the macroscopic findings of tumors. The internal echoes represented blood clots and residual tissue (or septa) in cyst. Of the remaining 3 cases, one showed a confluent lobulated mass, the second had a solitary homogeneous mass with small cysts, and the third one, which was the smallest (4 cm x 4 cm x 6 cm), had a hypoechoic and homogeneous pattern. The sonograms of all 7 cases were consistent with the macroscopic features of the tumors. The sonographic pattern of tumor parenchyma is either homogenously hyperechoic or hypoechoic. Because of the cystic degeneration, hemorrhage, and residual tissue of retroperitoneal neurilemoma, the sonographic pattern was variable.

  20. Intra-retroperitoneal duplication cyst.

    PubMed

    Ma, Juine-Yih; Lin, Yu-Cheng; Tseng, Sheng-Hong; Lai, Tsung-Hsein; Chen, Yun

    2004-11-01

    Duplication cyst occupying the retro- and intra-peritoneal space is a rare condition. We describe a case of duplication cyst in a 13-year-old girl who presented with abdominal pain, vomiting, and a lower abdominal mass. Plain abdominal X-ray films revealed local ileus over the lower abdomen. Ultrasonography revealed 2 double-layered cystic masses over the lower abdomen with a suspicious communicating tract. Mild hydropelvis of the right kidney was also noted. Abdominal computed tomography revealed 2 cystic lesions. One was located at the pelvic cavity just above the urinary bladder and the other was in the left retroperitoneal space. Laparotomy revealed a dumbbell-shaped intra-retroperitoneal duplication cyst with a small communicating tract. The cyst was excised without disturbing bowel continuity and the vascular supply. The patient was doing well at 1-year follow-up.

  1. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: MRI findings.

    PubMed

    Castro, R; Oliveira, M I; Fernandes, T; Madureira, A J

    2013-01-01

    The authors describe a case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in a 36-year-old female. She presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. An MRI scan revealed an 8 cm cystic lesion in the left upper retroperitoneum, with intermediate signal on T2-weighted images, high signal on T1 weighted images, and lack of internal enhancement after gadolinium. After laparoscopic excision, the histology findings were compatible with a bronchogenic cyst, which is extremely uncommon in the retroperitoneum.

  2. Ultrasound findings in retroperitoneal lymphangiomyomatosis.

    PubMed

    Di Matteo, A M; Luisetti, M; Brunetti, E; Filice, C

    1990-01-01

    A 44-year old female patient with pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis was examined by standard abdominal sonography. A wide involvement of the retroperitoneal lymph nodes and vessels was found. The relevant sonographic features were enlarged lymph nodes, and multiple anechoic structures, irregular in shape, thin-walled, with intraluminal septa. The findings, which resembled active cysts or liquid-filled bowels, were diagnosed as multiple ectasic lymphatic vessels.

  3. Surgical management of primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Singh, Hardev; Walia, Darshanjit Singh; Samra, Navdeep Singh; Kaur, Sarbarinder; Gill, Daljit Singh; Mahna, Vijay Kumar

    2005-06-01

    Hydatid disease is caused by the cystic stage of infestation by Echinococcus granulosus. Most hydatid cysts occur in the liver followed in frequency by the lung but no site is immune. Hydatid disease of the retroperitoneum is a rare condition. A case study is described here of a 30-year-old female with diagnosis of hydatid cyst of retroperitoneum which was treated surgically.

  4. Prenatal sonographic detection of nasopharyngeal teratoma.

    PubMed

    Sağol, S; Itil, I M; Ozsaran, A; Oztekin, K; Ozbek, S S

    1999-10-01

    We present the case of a 34-year-old pregnant woman who had an elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein level and sonographic findings of a semisolid mass protruding from the fetus's oral cavity. The large, heterogeneous mass filled the oropharynx and nasopharynx. Abnormal Doppler waveforms were detected in the umbilical artery of the fetus, who died in utero. Postmortem examination revealed a nasopharyngeal teratoma. PMID:10477890

  5. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic bilateral lumbar sympathectomy.

    PubMed

    Segers, B; Himpens, J; Barroy, J P

    2007-06-01

    The first retroperitoneal lumbar sympathectomy was performed in 1924 by Julio Diez. The classic procedure for sympathectomy is open surgery. We report a unilateral laparoscopic retroperitoneal approach to perform bilateral lumbar sympathectomy. This approach was performed for a 43-year-old man with distal arterial occlusive disease and no indication for direct revascularization. His predominant symptoms were intermittent claudication at 100 metres and cold legs. The patient was placed in a left lateral decubitus position. The optical system was placed first in an intra-abdominal position to check that the trocars were well positioned in the retroperitoneal space. The dissection of retroperitoneum was performed by CO2 insufflation. The inferior vena cava was reclined and the right sympathetic chain was individualized. Two ganglia (L3-L4) were removed by bipolar electro-coagulation. The aorta was isolated on a vessel loop and careful anterior traction allowed a retro-aortic pre-vertebral approach between the lumbar vessels. The left sympathetic chain was dissected. Two ganglia (L3-L4) were removed by bipolar electro-coagulation. PMID:17685269

  6. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic bilateral lumbar sympathectomy.

    PubMed

    Segers, B; Himpens, J; Barroy, J P

    2007-06-01

    The first retroperitoneal lumbar sympathectomy was performed in 1924 by Julio Diez. The classic procedure for sympathectomy is open surgery. We report a unilateral laparoscopic retroperitoneal approach to perform bilateral lumbar sympathectomy. This approach was performed for a 43-year-old man with distal arterial occlusive disease and no indication for direct revascularization. His predominant symptoms were intermittent claudication at 100 metres and cold legs. The patient was placed in a left lateral decubitus position. The optical system was placed first in an intra-abdominal position to check that the trocars were well positioned in the retroperitoneal space. The dissection of retroperitoneum was performed by CO2 insufflation. The inferior vena cava was reclined and the right sympathetic chain was individualized. Two ganglia (L3-L4) were removed by bipolar electro-coagulation. The aorta was isolated on a vessel loop and careful anterior traction allowed a retro-aortic pre-vertebral approach between the lumbar vessels. The left sympathetic chain was dissected. Two ganglia (L3-L4) were removed by bipolar electro-coagulation.

  7. Retroperitoneal lymphangioleiomyomatosis associated with endosalpingiosis.

    PubMed

    Fukunaga, Masaharu; Mistuda, Aki; Shibuya, Kazuhiro; Honda, Yoshiko; Shimada, Nagato; Koike, Junichi; Sugimoto, Motonobu

    2007-12-01

    A case of retroperitoneal lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) arising from endosalpingiosis is described. A 25-year-old woman with no history of tuberous sclerosis or hormonal therapy presented with a painless, palpable abdominal mass. Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging studies of the abdomen demonstrated a 4 cm cystic mass in the retroperitoneum. Macroscopically, the excised retroperitoneal cyst was multilocular and measured 4.0 x 3.5 x 3.5 cm. Histologically, the lesion demonstrated three components. The first comprised multiple cysts or glands lined by columnar epithelial cells with cilia. The second component was a condensation of small stromal cells immediately subjacent to the cystic epithelium or glands. The third component was a thick exterior wall composed of plump spindle cells with clear to palely eosinophilic cytoplasm in a fascicular pattern, and slit-like vascular spaces, resembling LAM. Immunohistochemically, the epithelium and glands were positive for cytokeratin 7. The stromal cells were positive for vimentin and CD10. The cells of the LMA-like component showed positive staining for HMB45, alpha-smooth muscle actin, muscle actin and h-caldesmon. The lesion, LAM arising from endosalpingiosis, represents a distinctive pathologic entity that should be recognized and studied further. This type of lesion should be included in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions.

  8. Immature mediastinal teratoma with unusual histopathology

    PubMed Central

    Mustafa, Osama M.; Mohammed, Shamayel F.; Aljubran, Ali; Saleh, Waleed N.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Germ cell tumors (GCTs) represent a well-recognized group of heterogeneous neoplasms with diverse clinical, histopathological, diagnostic, and prognostic characteristics. We present a rare case of a locally aggressive, chemotherapy-resistant immature mediastinal teratoma with a peculiar histological finding of a multilineage somatic-type malignant degeneration. A 21-year-old male patient presented with a 3-week history of persistent, blood-tinged productive cough and shortness of breath. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest showed a heterogeneous mass occupying the right hemithorax and abutting on adjacent structures. CT-guided biopsy was consistent with immature teratoma. Combination chemotherapy with bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin was initiated, albeit without success; the mass showed interval progression in size, and surgical resection through clamshell incision was performed. Histological assessment of the resected mass confirmed the diagnosis of immature teratoma and revealed an extensive multilineage malignant differentiation into sarcomatous, carcinomatous, and melanomatous components. The patient underwent an uneventful recovery but presented 2 months later with extensive liver and bone melanomatous metastases. In this report, relevant findings from the literature are also highlighted. Despite being exceptionally rare, such tumors carry poor prognosis. Understanding the clinicopathological characteristics and biological behavior of such tumors may provide an insight into interventions tailored to improve the otherwise dismal disease outlook. PMID:27367976

  9. [Mediastinal cystic teratoma. Review of two cases].

    PubMed

    Fuenmayor-M, Carmen Elena; García-R, Maryori; Gómez, Denis; Quintiliani-Gamboa, María; Altamiranda, Cleyzer

    2007-12-01

    Extragonadal teratomas are more frequent in the mediastinum and sacrococcygeal region. In this work, two cases of mature mediastinal teratoma, that simulated infection processes are reported. These cases appeared during the last semester of the year 2000 and represent the casuistry of the University Hospital of The Andes (IAHULA) between 1996 and 2005. Two patients, one ten-year-old and the other eight-month-old were admitted at the hospital with a diagnosis of bronchopneumonia and pulmonary abscess with clinical manifestations of cough, dyspnea and chest pain. During surgery, a multicystic tumor composed of fat, sebaceous and mucinous materials, hair, mineralized elements and blood was found in both cases. A histological examination revealed the presence of neoplastic cells derived from more than one germinal strata. Teratomas are infrequent, but the diagnosis must be considered in children with respiratory symptoms. A full histological examination was required to reach a definitive diagnosis. The histological diagnosis was easily performed by conventional light microscopic examination. No additional techniques were necessary. Surgical resection should thus be the first choice for treatment. Four years later, there is no evidence of tumor recurrence. PMID:18271395

  10. A Review of the Literature on Extrarenal Retroperitoneal Angiomyolipoma

    PubMed Central

    Venyo, Anthony Kodzo-Grey

    2016-01-01

    Background. Extrarenal retroperitoneal angiomyolipomas are rare. Aim. To review the literature. Results. Angiomyolipomas, previously classified as hamartomas, are now classified as benign tumours. Thirty cases of primary retroperitoneal angiomyolipomas have been reported. Diagnosis of the disease upon is based radiological and pathological findings of triphasic features of (a) fat and (b) blood vessels and myoid tissue. Immunohistochemistry tends to be positive for HMB45, MART1, HHF35, calponin, NKI-C3, and CD117. The lesion is common in women. Treatment options have included the following: (a) radical surgical excision of the lesion with renal sparing surgery or radical nephrectomy in cases where malignant tumours could not be excluded and (b) selective embolization of the lesion alone or prior to surgical excision. One case of retroperitoneal angiomyolipoma was reported in a patient 15 years after undergoing radical nephrectomy for angiomyolipoma of kidney and two cases of distant metastases of angiomyolipoma have been reported following radical resection of the tumour. Conclusions. With the report of two cases of metastases ensuing surgical resection of the primary lesions there is need for academic pathologists to debate and review angiomyolipomas to decide whether to reclassify angiomyolipomas as slow-growing malignant tumours or whether the reported cases of metastases were de novo tumours or metastatic lesions. PMID:26989509

  11. [Retroperitoneal hydatid cyst: a common disease in a rare location].

    PubMed

    Subercaseaux V, Stephanie; Besa C, Cecilia; Burdiles O, Alvaro; Huete G, Alvaro; Contreras O, Oscar

    2010-12-01

    Echinococcal disease remains a major problem within some endemic areas. We report a case of a single primary echinococcal cyst located in the retroperitoneal space. A 54-year-old woman, born in a rural area of southern Chile, was admitted with a 3-month history of right hip pain and painful swelling of the gluteal region. Hidatid disease was confirmed with serologic test, radiological examinations and histo-pathology. There were no cysts in any other location. A percutaneous drainage was performed and antihelminthics were administered for 12 weeks and is now being closely followed up, with good response to therapy. Especially in the endemic areas hydatid cyst should be considered when evaluating retroperitoneal cystic masses.

  12. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: CT and MR imaging.

    PubMed

    Murakami, R; Machida, M; Kobayashi, Y; Ogura, J; Ichikawa, T; Kumazaki, T

    2000-01-01

    Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts are extremely rare congenital anomalies that represent malformations of the embryonic foregut and are morphologically expressed as maldevelopments of the respiratory system. Because of the low prevalence of these tumors, their imaging features have seldom been described. We present the computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings of a case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst.

  13. Retroperitoneal fat necrosis producing ureteral obstruction.

    PubMed

    Ross, J S; Prout, G R

    1976-05-01

    We present 3 cases of a rare syndrome of extrinsic ureteral obstruction produced by retroperitoneal fat necrosis and compare the medical records and histopathology to 19 cases of classic idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis. Clinical similarities include average age of onset in the fourth and fifth decades, male preponderance, abdominal or back pain as the presenting symptom, elevation of the blood urea concentration prior to diagnosis and tendency toward bilateral involvement. Histologically, the 2 conditions were different. Retroperitoneal fat necrosis is characterized by coalescence of fat cells into fat cysts bordered by foreign body giant cell granulomas, foam cells, light chronic inflammatory infiltrate and unimpressive fibrosis. The microscopic pathology of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis is dominated by densely collagenized fibrous tissue of varying cellularity without evidence of fat necrosis. Of the 3 cases of retroperitoneal fat necrosis 2 featured prior ischiorectal abscesses and this is considered in a discussion of the etiology of this unusual cause of ureteral compression.

  14. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking pancreatic cystic lesion.

    PubMed

    Wang, Shin-E; Tsai, Yi-Fang; Su, Cheng-Hsi; Shyr, Yi-Ming; Lee, Rheun-Chuan; Tsai, Wan-Chen; Li, Fen-Yau; Chen, Tien-Hua; Wu, Chew-Wun; Lui, Wing-Yiu

    2006-11-01

    Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst is detected extremely rarely and often masquerades as other diseases. Here, we report 2 cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking pancreatic mucinous tumor. Histologically, both cysts were composed of ciliated respiratory-like epithelium with abundant mucin content, smooth muscle bundles and mature cartilage, compatible with the diagnosis of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. In addition to these 2 cases, another 42 retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts reported in the English literature were collected for review and analysis. Twelve (28%) were located over the peripancreatic area. Just over half (51%) of them were asymptomatic. No accurate preoperative diagnosis could be made for any of the lesions. About a third (33.3%) of the peripancreatic retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts masqueraded as pancreatic cystic lesions.

  15. Cutaneous scalp metastases from retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Baltz, Rebekah G; Kaley, Jennifer R; Hull, Cheryl A; Gardner, Jerad M

    2014-08-01

    A 71-year-old woman presented with five scalp nodules that were clinically suspicious for pilar cysts. Histopathologic examination showed a proliferation of mitotically active pleomorphic spindle cells arranged into intersecting fascicles in the dermis and subcutis. Tumor cells displayed deeply eosinophilic cytoplasm and expressed desmin but were negative for S100 protein by immunohistochemistry. Before 10 years, the patient was diagnosed with high-grade retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma and underwent resection with intraoperative radiation. Metastatic disease involving the lungs, liver and soft tissue developed, requiring treatment with resections, radiation and chemotherapy. Owing to the presentation of multiple scalp nodules with microscopic features of leiomyosarcoma in conjunction with the clinical history of retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma, a diagnosis of metastatic leiomyosarcoma was made. Scalp metastasis from retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma is extremely rare and portends a poor prognosis. To our knowledge, only two other cases have been reported in the English literature, and a further search discovered only nine additional cases of scalp metastasis from soft tissue leiomyosarcoma of any non-gynecologic anatomic site. This case highlights the striking microscopic similarity between primary cutaneous and metastatic leiomyosarcoma and illustrates the necessity of adequate clinical information and an appropriate index of suspicion in excluding the possibility of cutaneous metastases of leiomyosarcoma from somatic soft tissue.

  16. Retroperitoneal Leiomyosarcoma Associated with an Elevated β-HCG Serum Level Mimicking Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Gaertner, Hans-Juergen; Manseck, Andreas; Oehlschlaeger, Sven; Wirth, Manfred P.

    2000-01-01

    Patient. A 65-year-old man was admitted with a large primary retroperitoneal tumor and an increased β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) serum level. A germ cell tumor was suspected; however, a computed tomography-guided biopsy failed to enable tumor classification. After two courses of chemotherapy, the β-HCG serum level had returned to the normal level and a diagnostic laparotomy with incisional biopsy was performed. The immunohistochemical examination of the specimen identified the tumor as a retroperitoneal pleomorphic leiomyosarcoma. Discussion. Tumor markers play only a marginal role in the work-up of patients with soft tissue sarcomas. In men with suspected retroperitoneal sarcomas, however, the determination of germ cell tumor markers occasionally enables a preoperative distinguishing of primary retroperitoneal germ cell tumors with considerable consequences for management. In this setting, a retroperitoneal tumor associated with a moderately elevated β-HCG is a diagnostic dilemma, and surgeons should be aware of the pitfall of a β-HCG-producing leiomyosarcoma in the differential diagnosis. PMID:18521299

  17. Mini-access for retroperitoneal laparoscopy.

    PubMed

    Gaur, D D; Gopichand, M; Dubey, M; Jhunjhunwala, V

    2002-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility of primary mini-access to the retroperitoneal space to perform certain retroperitoneoscopic procedures in which an enlarged port is not required for extraction of the specimen. Mini-laparoscopy or needlescopic laparoscopy has been performed in the past via the transperitoneal route, but this has not yet been reported for a retroperitoneoscopic procedure. Through a 5-mm primary access and 3- or 5-mm secondary ports, retroperitoneoscopic surgery was performed in seven adults for ureterolithotomy, renal biopsy, simple nephrectomy, nephropexy, cyst decortication, or drainage of a subphrenic abscess. The access technique used was a mini-version of a previously described percutaneous access technique with some modifications. The retroperitoneoscopic procedure was successful in all seven patients, and no complications developed. The operative time, blood loss, analgesic intake, and length of hospital stay were comparable with those of a standard retroperitoneoscopic procedure. However, the cosmetic results were better. Mini-retroperitoneoscopy is feasible and is a better alternative for patients in whom the whole procedure can be performed through 5-mm or smaller ports.

  18. Primary carcinoid tumors of the testis: a clinicopathologic study of 29 cases.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wenle P; Guo, Charles; Berney, Daniel M; Ulbright, Thomas M; Ubright, Thomas M; Hansel, Donna E; Shen, Rulong; Ali, Tehmina; Epstein, Jonathan I

    2010-04-01

    Testicular carcinoid tumors are rare with only limited studies. We identified 29 primary testicular carcinoid cases from 7 academic institutions. Patients ranged in age from 12 to 65 years old (mean 36). The most common presenting symptom was the sole finding of either a testicular mass or swelling seen in 15/24 cases with available information. The next most common mode of presentation was as an incidental finding seen in 6 cases. Two patients had carcinoid syndrome including diarrhea, hot flashes, and palpitations. Nineteen were pure carcinoid tumors, 3 were associated with cystic teratoma, 2 with cysts lacking epithelial lining, 4 with epidermoid cyst, and 1 with dermoid cyst. The mean size was 2.5 cm. All 29 primary carcinoids lacked associated intratubular germ cell neoplasia, unclassified type. Mitotic figures were rare in primary carcinoid tumors with only 3 cases showing more than 2 per 10 HPF; necrosis was found in only 1 case. Random scattered mild to moderate nuclear atypia was seen in 12/29 cases. Of the 28 cases found premortem, treatment included focal excision in 3 patients and radical orchiectomy in 25 patients. Follow-up, available in 24 cases, ranged from 1 to 228 months (mean 52.7 mo); of the 20 patients with testicular typical carcinoid tumors found premortem, all were alive at last follow-up without recurrences or metastases. Of the 4 patients with a primary atypical carcinoid tumor, 1 at the time of diagnosis had retroperitoneal and lung metastases who after chemotherapy underwent resection of the retroperitoneal tumor showing metastatic yolk sac tumor and embryonal carcinoma. After resection, serum AFP levels remained elevated and the patient is scheduled for salvage chemotherapy and bone marrow transplant. The other 2 patients with atypical carcinoid and follow-up had no evidence of disease at 68 and 114 months. Most primary carcinoid tumors of the testis have a benign clinical course even if associated with epidermoid/dermoid cysts, or

  19. [Retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor: a case report].

    PubMed

    Nukui, Akinori; Ochi, Masanori; Suzuki, Kazumi; Yuzawa, Masayuki; Morita, Tatsuo

    2009-08-01

    A 63-year-old man with a retroperitoneal tumor found incidentally was referred to our hospital. Computed tomography showed a tumor ventrally adjacent to urinary bladder and prostate. Pathological examination of retroperitoneal tumor specimens obtained by percutaneous needle biopsy revealed hypercellularity of spindle cells positive for CD 34. Under the suspicion of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) or stromal tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP), we performed en bloc resection of tumor, urinary bladder and prostate because tumor was firmly fixed to urinary bladder and prostate. The final diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumor was SFT because pathological findings of the surgical specimen were the same as those of the biopsy specimens.

  20. Benign retroperitoneal cyst of Mullerian type.

    PubMed

    Yohendran, Jay; Dias, Maxwell M; Eckstein, Robert; Wilson, Tim

    2004-10-01

    Retroperitoneal cysts are rare, usually asymptomatic, lesions. We present the case of a 42-year-old woman with an asymptomatic abdominal mass. The mass excised at our district hospital was found in the retroperitoneum. Histologically, the cyst was lined with benign Mullerian-type epithelium. The classification, aetiology and clinical manifestations of retroperitoneal cysts are discussed. Retroperitoneal cysts present as an acute abdomen in only a minority of cases. Ultrasound is the most reliable test for their detection, usually followed by computed tomography and/or an upper gastrointestinal series. Optimally, these cysts should be completely excised.

  1. [A case report of retroperitoneal malignant schwannoma].

    PubMed

    Okamura, K; Ito, K; Aota, Y; Suzuki, Y; Shimoji, T

    1984-08-01

    A case of retroperitoneal malignant schwannoma is reported. The patient was a 66-years-old man who was referred to our clinic because of an abdominal lump. CT scan and renal arteriography pointed out right renal cyst, but the tumor was separate from the right kidney at operation. Pathological diagnosis of this retroperitoneal tumor was malignant schwannoma. After 10 months he developed local recurrence and had transabdominal excision. He has been doing well 12 months after the second operation. Thirty-one cases of retroperitoneal malignant schwannoma in Japan are reviewed.

  2. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report.

    PubMed

    Mirsadeghi, Ali; Farrokhi, Farid; Fazli-Shahri, Azadeh; Gholipour, Bahareh

    2014-01-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are among developmental disorders of the primitive foregut which are typically found above the diaphragm. Bronchial cysts discovered in the abdominal cavity or retroperitoneum are extremely rare. We present a rare case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst which was incidentally detected after a wrestling injury in a 23-year-old man who had a negative medical history. Although initial imaging studies suggested an adrenal tumor, histopathological analysis provided a definite diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst. Though rare, bronchogenic cysts must be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions. This is the first case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst reported in Iran.

  3. Thyroid Storm and Incidental Anterior Mediastinal Teratoma: Coincidence or Correlation?

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Cheng-An; Chen, Wei-Ta; Cheng, Ho-Shun; Chung, Cheng-Chih; Chen, Yu-Ju; Hsieh, Ming-Hsiung

    2013-01-01

    Teratoma is a rare cause of thyrotoxicosis. Among the different types of teratoma, struma ovarii is the main type which contains thyroid tissue. There is no evidence in the literature that would indicate mediasternal teratoma would also lead to thyrotoxicosis or thyroid storm. Herein we report a 37-year-old woman who suffered from palpitation. Her chest X-ray showed a mass lesion at the left hilum, and chest computed tomography scan yielded a suspicion of pericardial cyst. Thereafter, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed, and thymic cyst was diagnosed during the operation. However, subsequent pathological studies confirmed a diagnosis of mature cystic teratoma. A thyroid function test demonstrating hyperthyroidism was completed prior to the patient’s operation, and thyroid storm was diagnosed by clinical presentation. The patient’s symptoms did not improve after the operation until we added beta blocker and anti-thyroid agents. Therefore, was the presence of thyroid storm and anterior mediastinal teratoma coincident or correlative in this case? The special stain of teratoma tissues did not reveal any thyroid tissues. In conclusion, thyroid storm and anterior mediastinal teratoma in our case occurred coincidentally. However, a survey of possible hyperthyroidism in patients with anterior mediastinal tumor before operation is critical to avoid perioperative complications. PMID:27122746

  4. Congenital facial teratoma in a neonate: Surgical management and outcome.

    PubMed

    Kekre, Geeta; Gupta, Abhaya; Kothari, Paras; Dikshit, Vishesh; Patil, Prashant; Deshmukh, Shahji; Kulkarni, Apoorva; Deshpande, Aditi

    2016-01-01

    Teratomas are among the most common tumors of childhood, but craniofacial teratomas are rare. They can be diagnosed antenatally. Craniofacial teratomas may cause airway obstruction in the newborn. We present a case of a newborn male child who was diagnosed to have a facial tumor in the 8(th) month of gestation. He was delivered normally and had no respiratory or feeding difficulties. He was also found to have a cleft palate. Serum alpha fetoprotein levels were normal. He underwent excision on day of life 9. At 11 months follow-up, he is well with no evidence of recurrence and good functional outcome. PMID:27563624

  5. Radiofrequency coblation of congenital nasopharyngeal teratoma: a novel technique.

    PubMed

    Hwang, Sang Yun; Jefferson, Niall; Mohorikar, Alok; Jacobson, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Congenital nasopharyngeal teratomas are rare tumours that pose difficulties in diagnosis and surgical management. We report the first use of radiofrequency coblation in the management of such tumours. Case Report. A premature baby with a perinatal diagnosis of a large, obstructing nasooropharyngeal mass was referred to the ENT service for further investigations and management. The initial biopsy was suggestive of a neuroblastoma, but the tumour demonstrated rapid growth despite appropriate chemotherapy. In a novel use of radiofrequency coblation, the nasooropharyngeal mass was completely excised, with the final histopathology revealing a congenital nasopharyngeal teratoma. Conclusion. We report the first use of radiofrequency coblation to excise a congenital nasopharyngeal teratoma and discuss its advantages.

  6. Ectopic Teeth in Ovarian Teratoma: A Rare Appearance

    PubMed Central

    Ingale, Yashwant; Shankar, Akhil A.; Routray, Samapika; Agrawal, Manoj; Kadam, Ajit; Patil, Tushar

    2013-01-01

    Teratoma consists of tissues derived from all the three germ layers, and there may be presence of appendages as a representation of these germ layers as well. Teratomas of the ovary are known to occur in a fairly large number of women. These may be present clinically at a much later stage, permitting a limited treatment plan. Newer diagnostic techniques are always welcome in identifying these lesions. This case report discusses the case of a 40-year-old woman with a large teratoma in the right ovary and its diagnostic and surgical modalities. PMID:24187632

  7. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in a young adult.

    PubMed

    Resl, M; Navrátil, P; Krajina, A

    1996-01-01

    Abdominal sonography performed in a 21-year-old man for suspected hepatopathy revealed a pathological lesion within the retroperitoneal space. Morphological examination showed an unusual mode of presentation of an asymptomatic bronchogenic cyst.

  8. Computed tomography of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomas.

    PubMed

    Munechika, H; Honda, M; Kushihashi, T; Koizumi, K; Gokan, T

    1987-01-01

    The CT features of retroperitoneal lymphangiomas are unilocular or multilocular cysts in the retroperitoneum and slightly and uniformly thickened wall that enhances following contrast medium administration. Three cases are reported.

  9. Recurrent retroperitoneal extra-GIST with rhabdomyosarcomatous and chondrosarcomatous differentiations: a rare case and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Pengcheng; Fei, Yan; Wang, Yue’e; Ao, Qilin; Wang, Guoping

    2015-01-01

    Selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) targeting KIT and PDGFRA is the frontline therapy for metastatic and unresectable GIST patients. Some initially responsive patients experience tumor progress because of secondary drug resistance, and some cases can develop heterogeneous differentiation. Here we report a rare case of recurrent retroperitoneal extra-GIST with rhabdomyosarcomatous and chondrosarcomatous differentiation with TKI therapy after surgical tumorectomy. Histology, immunohistochemistry, and mutational analysis were performed on primary and recurrent samples. The current case represents the first report of a recurrent retroperitoneal extra-GIST harboring mixed morphologic phenotypes of rhabdomyosarcoma and chondrosarsoma after TKI treatment. The dual differentiation can represent diagnostic pitfall. PMID:26464733

  10. A retroperitoneal cyst with unusual urinary histogenesis: clinical and immunomorphological characteristics.

    PubMed

    Branca, Giovanni; Ieni, Antonio; Barresi, Valeria; Versaci, Antonino

    2010-01-01

    Primary retroperitoneal cysts are rare benign lesions which often present as an incidental radiological finding and also cause abdominal symptoms. A 47-year-old woman was admitted to the surgery unit because of right-sided abdominal pain. Computed tomographic scan investigation confirmed a circumscribed, oval, dishomogeneous mass in the right anterior pararenal space. The final diagnosis was obtained after laparotomy excision and pathological evaluation. Immunohistochemical profile was characterized by positive expression of epithelial cystic cells for CKAE1/AE3, CK7, CK8, and CK18, with EMA sustaining the diagnosis of a benign retroperitoneal cyst of urinary system origin.

  11. [Minimally invasive adrenalectomy: transperitoneal vs. retroperitoneal approach].

    PubMed

    Ramacciato, Giovanni; Nigri, Giuseppe; Di Santo, Vincenzo; Piccoli, Michaela; Pansadoro, Vito; Buniva, Paolo; Bellagamba, Riccardo; Cescon, Matteo; Ercolani, Giorgio; Cucchetti, Alessandro; Lauro, Augusto; Del Gaudio, Massimo; Ravaioli, Matteo; Valabrega, Stefano; D'Angelo, Francesco; Aurello, Paolo; Stigliano, Antonio; Toscano, Vincenzo; Melotti, Gianluigi

    2008-01-01

    Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is now regarded as the procedure of choice for most adrenal glands presenting surgical pathology. The primary adrenal-specific contraindication to laparoscopic adrenalectomy today is the presence of a large adrenal mass with evidence of local infiltration or venous invasion. We used our multicentre experience to compare the transperitoneal (TLA) and retroperitoneal (RLA) minimally invasive approaches. In our study we found statistically significant differences between RLA and TLA in terms of duration of surgery (148 minuti vs. 112; p < 0.005), intra-operative blood loss (439 cc vs 333 p < 0.005; p < 0.005) and time of first oral intake (1.2 +/- 0.5 days vs 1.8 +/- 1.08 days; p < 0.005). The RLA approach is preferable in cases of previous abdominal surgery, but its learning curve is extremely steep. TLA access needs a less demanding learning curve and tends to be faster than RLA, where the working area is penalised by limited manoeuvring space. There is no clear preference between TLA and RLA in the literature. However, the experience of the surgeon still remains the most important variable when choosing between the two approaches.

  12. Isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst invading splenic hilum.

    PubMed

    Ozturk, Safak; Unver, Mutlu; Kibar Ozturk, Burcin; Kebapci, Eyup; Bozbiyik, Osman; Erol, Varlık; Zalluhoglu, Nihat; Olmez, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Hydatid disease (HD) is an infestation that is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. The liver is affected in approximately two-thirds of patients, the lungs in 25%, and other organs in a small proportion. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst is extremely rare. The most common complaint is abdominal pain; however, the clinical features of HD may be generally dependent on the location of the cyst. Case Presentation. A 43-year-old female was admitted with the complaint of abdominal pain. Her physical examination was normal. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a 17 × 11 cm cystic lesion, with a thick and smooth wall that is located among the left liver lobe, diaphragm, spleen, tail of the pancreas, and transverse colon and invading the splenic hilum. Total cystectomy and splenectomy were performed. Pathological examination was reported as cyst hydatid. Discussion. Cysts in the peritoneal cavity are mainly the result of the spontaneous or traumatic rupture of concomitant hepatic cysts or surgical inoculation of a hepatic cyst. Serological tests contribute to diagnosis. In symptomatic and large hydatid peritoneal cysts, surgical resection is the only curative treatment. Total cystectomy is the gold standard. Albendazole or praziquantel is indicated for inoperable and disseminated cases. Percutaneous aspiration, injection, and reaspiration (PAIR) technique is another nonsurgical option.

  13. Retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Isse, Kumiko; Harada, Kenichi; Suzuki, Yasuo; Ishiguro, Kaname; Sasaki, Masatoshi; Kajiura, Shinya; Nakanuma, Yasuni

    2004-02-01

    Primary retroperitoneal cystic tumor is extremely rare, and its histogenesis and biological behavior remain speculative. Two surgical cases of retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma (Case 1, an 18-year-old woman; and Case 2, an 85-year-old woman) are reported. The cystadenomas in these cases were mainly lined by a monolayer of columnar or thin flat cells. Case 1 was positive for mucin and epithelial membrane antigen, whereas Case 2 was positive for a mesothelial marker (calretinin). Ciliated epithelium was also interspersed in Case 2. Some parts showed papillary projections, resembling well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma. Within the cyst walls of both cases, ovarian-like stroma that was positive for both estrogen and progesterone receptors was found. Interestingly, focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver was also detected in Case 1. We believe the retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma might have arisen from the peritoneum via mucinous epithelial metaplasia with a phenotype of extragenital Mullerian system.

  14. Mediastinal mature teratoma in a child- A case report.

    PubMed

    Liew, W X; Lam, H Y; Narasimman, S; Navarasi, S; Mohd Hamzah, K

    2016-02-01

    Mediastinal teratoma is an infrequent germ cell tumour and comprises of 1 to 5% of all mediastinal tumours. We report a case of mediastinal mature teratoma in a 12 year old boy who presented to us with persistent non-productive cough, fever and dyspnoea for the past 7 months. Computed tomographic scan of thorax revealed a large anterior mediastinal mass measuring 11.2x9.9x14cm with calcification within. He subsequently underwent a median sternotomy with left subcostal extension (L-incision) and excision of tumour. Histopathology of the tumour revealed a mature cystic teratoma. We would like to report a case of successful surgical management of a large mediastinal mature teratoma in a child. PMID:27130743

  15. Immature Gastric Teratoma in a Newborn: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Sanjay; Yadav, Hemant; Rattan, Kamal Nain; Srivastava, Divya; Chandana, Abha; Prakash, Sant

    2016-01-01

    A case of immature gastric teratoma in a neonate is being reported here. The neonate was presented with abdominal mass and distension and managed with excision of mass; the patient is doing fine postoperatively. PMID:27123405

  16. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst presenting as adrenal tumor in adult successfully treated with retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Chung, Jae Min; Jung, Min Jung; Lee, Wan; Choi, Seong

    2009-02-01

    A bronchogenic cyst in the retroperitoneum is rare in adults. A 41-year-old woman presented with an incidental left retroperitoneal mass that was suspicious for an adrenal tumor. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic excision and complete resection were performed. The pathologic examination confirmed a bronchogenic cyst in the retroperitoneum. We present the case with review of the relevant published data.

  17. Reconsidering pluripotency tests: do we still need teratoma assays?

    PubMed

    Buta, Christiane; David, Robert; Dressel, Ralf; Emgård, Mia; Fuchs, Christiane; Gross, Ulrike; Healy, Lyn; Hescheler, Jürgen; Kolar, Roman; Martin, Ulrich; Mikkers, Harald; Müller, Franz-Josef; Schneider, Rebekka K; Seiler, Andrea E M; Spielmann, Horst; Weitzer, Georg

    2013-07-01

    The induction of teratoma in mice by the transplantation of stem cells into extra-uterine sites has been used as a read-out for cellular pluripotency since the initial description of this phenomenon in 1954. Since then, the teratoma assay has remained the assay of choice to demonstrate pluripotency, gaining prominence during the recent hype surrounding human stem cell research. However, the scientific significance of the teratoma assay has been debated due to the fact that transplanted cells are exposed to a non-physiological environment. Since many mice are used for a result that is heavily questioned, it is time to reconsider the teratoma assay from an ethical point of view. Candidate alternatives to the teratoma assay comprise the directed differentiation of pluripotent stem cells into organotypic cells, differentiation of cells in embryoid bodies, the analysis of pluripotency-associated biomarkers with high correlation to the teratoma forming potential of stem cells, predictive epigenetic footprints, or a combination of these technologies. Each of these assays is capable of addressing one or more aspects of pluripotency, however it is essential that these assays are validated to provide an accepted robust, reproducible alternative. In particular, the rapidly expanding number of human induced pluripotent stem cell lines, requires the development of simple, affordable standardized in vitro and in silico assays to reduce the number of animal experiments performed.

  18. Surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneal spaces, Part IV: retroperitoneal nerves.

    PubMed

    Mirilas, Petros; Skandalakis, John E

    2010-03-01

    We present surgicoanatomical topographic relations of nerves and plexuses in the retroperitoneal space: 1) six named parietal nerves, branches of the lumbar plexus: iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal, genitofemoral, lateral femoral cutaneous, obturator, femoral. 2) The sacral plexus is formed by the lumbosacral trunk, ventral rami of S1-S3, and part of S4; the remainder of S4 joining the coccygeal plexus. From this plexus originate the superior gluteal nerve, which passes backward through the greater sciatic foramen above the piriformis muscle; the inferior gluteal nerve also courses through the greater sciatic foramen, but below the piriformis; 3) sympathetic trunks: right and left lumbar sympathetic trunks, which comprise four interconnected ganglia, and the pelvic chains; 4) greater, lesser, and least thoracic splanchnic nerves (sympathetic), which pass the diaphragm and join celiac ganglia; 5) four lumbar splanchnic nerves (sympathetic), which arise from lumbar sympathetic ganglia; 6) pelvic splanchnic nerves (nervi erigentes), providing parasympathetic innervation to the descending colon and pelvic splanchna; and 7) autonomic (prevertebral) plexuses, formed by the vagus nerves, splanchnic nerves, and ganglia (celiac, superior mesenteric, aorticorenal). They include sympathetic, parasympathetic, and sensory (mainly pain) fibers. The autonomic plexuses comprise named parts: aortic, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric, superior hypogastric, and inferior hypogastric (hypogastric nerves).

  19. [A case of retroperitoneal venous aneurysm].

    PubMed

    Tsujimura, A; Nishimura, K; Matsumiya, K; Oka, T; Takaha, M; Arima, R; Kurata, A

    1992-09-01

    A case of retroperitoneal venous aneurysm is reported. A 73-year-old woman was referred to us with the chief complaint of left abdominal mass. A giant abdominal mass was palpable and diagnostic imaging examination including ultrasound tomography, excretory pyelography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and angiography revealed a giant cystic mass encircled by calcification in the left retroperitoneal space. Operation for this cystic mass was performed under the preoperative diagnosis of a giant left renal cyst. During operation the mass was located between the left kidney and the left adrenal gland. Because it was difficult to separate the mass from the left kidney the mass was removed with the left kidney. The extirpated tumor measured 15.5 x 15.0 x 9.5 cm and contained old blood clots and red-yellow colored fluid. A histological examination revealed that the tumor wall was composed of smooth muscle and elastic fibers. Therefore, pathological diagnosis was retroperitoneal venous aneurysm. Retroperitoneal venous aneurysm is very rare. To our knowledge, this is the 8th case of retroperitoneal venous aneurysm reported in Japan.

  20. Pelvic Retroperitoneal Cellular Leiomyoma: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Tantitamit, Tanitra; Hamontri, Suttha; Rangsiratanakul, Likit; Suksamarnwong, Maysita

    2015-10-01

    Leiomyomas are common benign gynecological tumors and usually arise in the uterus. The retroperitoneal cellular leiomyoma, one of the unusual manifestations, is a rare tumor. Diagnosis and treatment are challenges. We report a case of 65-year-old women presented with an asymptomatic mass beneath the right posterior vaginal mucosa. CT imaging revealed heterogeneous mass 6 cm in the pelvic cavity abutted lower segment of uterus, cervix, and vagina. The provisional diagnosis was subserosal cervical leiomyoma. She underwent exploratory laparotomy. Intra-operative, a normal size uterus was found separately from retroperitoneal pelvic mass at the level of internal os. Histological report confirmed cellular leiomyoma later Total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingoophorectomy and completely excision of tumor were achieved with good outcome. Our patient represents the rare case of retroperitoneal cellular leiomyoma, which is hardly identified from internal examination and preoperative imaging. Surgical removal is essential for pathological diagnosis and treatment. PMID:26817226

  1. Retroperitoneal lymphocele after abdominal aortic surgery.

    PubMed

    Garrett, H E; Richardson, J W; Howard, H S; Garrett, H E

    1989-09-01

    Lymphoceles may occur as a result of lymphatic injury during abdominal aortic surgery. These lymphatic collections may occur as a retroperitoneal mass or as groin lymphoceles. Four cases are presented in which persistent retroperitoneal lymphoceles were discovered 2 to 8 years after surgery. Reexploration of the groin and repeated aspirations of lymphatic fluid failed to control the drainage. Reexploration of the retroperitoneum documented lymphatic injury, which was controlled by ligation of the lymphatics with suture. A review of the literature discloses five similar reported cases of retroperitoneal lymphocele and 12 cases of chylous ascites after abdominal aortic surgery. Clearly, avoiding lymphatic injury or immediate repair of any lymphatic injuries will prevent this problem. Once a persistent lymphocele has developed, aspiration will establish the diagnosis. Our experience would suggest that reexploration of the retroperitoneum is required to control the drainage and to prevent possible graft infection.

  2. [Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report].

    PubMed

    Takahashi, Norio; Murakami, Husao; Umeda, Hiroyuki; Haga, Nobuhiro; Kameoka, Hiroshi; Shishido, Keiichi; Yamaguchi, Osamu

    2002-05-01

    A rare case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst is presented. A 50-year-old man was referred to our hospital for an investigation of a retroperitoneal mass. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a retroperitoneal mass, about 4 cm in diameter, adjacent to the left kidney and spleen. On the basis of these imaging modalities, a definitive diagnosis of this mass could not be made. So, resection of the mass was performed. The removed mass was an unilocular cyst and filled with mucinous fluid. Histopathologically, the cyst wall was composed of a fibrovascular connective tissue containing mucus-secreting glands and cartilages and was lined by ciliated pseudostratified columnar epitherium. Thus, a diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst was made. Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital anomalies of the primitive foregut and usually develop in the mediastinum and lung.

  3. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, S P; Tseng, H H; Huang, J K

    1997-05-01

    Only a few subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cysts are described, and their occurrence in the retroperitoneum is extremely rare. So far, only a few cases have been reported in the English-language literature. The pathogenesis is caused by the pinching off of irregular lung budding of the primitive ventral foregut, with aberrant migration into the abdomen before fusion of the diaphragm during embryonal development. A unique case with clinical, radiographic, surgical finding is presented. Final pathological findings confirmed the diagnosis of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst without other associated congenital anomalies. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst, although rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis in the retroperitoneal mass. This rare case is described and the relevant literature, reviewed.

  4. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage secondary to subcapsular renal hematoma: MRI findings.

    PubMed

    Balci, N C; Sirvanci, M; Tüfek, I; Onat, L; Duran, C

    2001-10-01

    Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a rare intraabdominal bleeding. In this report we present a case of a nontraumatic retroperitoneal hemorrhage secondary to spontaneous subcapsular renal hematoma. A 54-year-old patient who was under warfarin therapy, developed subcapsular right renal hematoma. Subcapsular and retroperitoneal hemorrhage were low signal on T1- and T2-weighted images consistent with acute stage of blood. The source of subcapsular hematoma was shown to be the rupture of hemorrhagic renal cyst on MRI. Extension of hemorrhage into the retroperitoneal space anterior to right psoas muscle was also successfully shown on MRI. Patient underwent nephrectomy and retroperitoneal blood was evacuated.

  5. Port-site metastasis as a primary complication following retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical resection of renal pelvis carcinoma or nephron-sparing surgery: A report of three cases and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    WANG, NING; WANG, KAI; ZHONG, DACHUAN; LIU, XIA; SUN, JI; LIN, LIANXIANG; GE, LINNA; YANG, BO

    2016-01-01

    The present study reports the clinical data of two patients with renal pelvis carcinoma and one patient with renal carcinoma who developed port-site metastasis following retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery. The current study aimed to identify the cause and prognosis of the occurrence of port-site metastasis subsequent to laparoscopic radical resection of renal pelvis carcinoma and nephron-sparing surgery. Post-operative pathology confirmed the presence of high-grade urothelial cell carcinoma in two patients and Fuhrman grade 3 renal clear cell carcinoma in one patient. Port-site metastasis was initially detected 1–7 months post-surgery. The two patients with renal pelvis carcinoma succumbed to the disease 2 and 4 months following the identification of the port-site metastasis, respectively, whereas the patient with renal carcinoma survived with no disease progression during the targeted therapy period. The occurrence of port-site metastasis may be attributed to systemic and local factors. Measures to reduce the development of this complication include strict compliance with the operating guidelines for tumor surgery, avoidance of air leakage at the port-site, complete removal of the specimen with an impermeable bag, irrigation of the laparoscopic instruments and incisional wound with povidone-iodine when necessary, and enhancement of the body's immunity. Close post-operative follow-up observation for signs of recurrence or metastasis is essential, and systemic chemotherapy may be required in patients with high-grade renal pelvis carcinoma and renal carcinoma in order to prolong life expectancy. PMID:27313720

  6. The teratoma assay: an in vivo assessment of pluripotency.

    PubMed

    Wesselschmidt, Robin L

    2011-01-01

    A teratoma is a nonmalignant tumor comprised of a disorganized mixture of cells and small foci of tissue comprised of cells from all three of the embryonic germ-layers. By definition, a cell is pluripotent if it can differentiate into cells derived from all three of the embryonic germ-layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. In the teratoma assay, putative pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are implanted into an immune-compromised mouse where they may proliferate and differentiate to form a teratoma. The PSCs grow at the implantation site supported by a complex mixture of factors from the local milieu, as well as circulating factors that are vital components of normal mammalian physiology. After a predetermined time of 6-12 weeks or when the tumor has reached sufficient size, it is removed and subjected to histopathological analysis. The teratoma may be further processed by immunocytochemistry and gene expression profiling. This chapter describes methods to generate teratomas through the implantation of putative PSC lines in the SCID mouse. Implantation at the following sites is described: (1) intramuscular, (2) subcutaneous, (3) under the testis capsule, and (4) under the kidney capsule. PMID:21822879

  7. Adult cervical intramedullary teratoma: first reported immature case.

    PubMed

    Moon, Hong Joo; Shin, Bong-Kyung; Kim, Joo Han; Kim, Jong-Hyun; Kwon, Taek-Hyun; Chung, Hung-Seob; Park, Youn-Kwan

    2010-08-01

    Intramedullary teratomas, particularly adult cervicothoracic lesions, are extremely rare. Up to now only 6 cases of intramedullary cervical teratomas have been reported in adults, and all of these were histologically mature. The authors present the case of a 35-year-old man with progressive myelopathic symptoms who was admitted through an outpatient clinic and was surgically treated. The characteristics, diagnosis, epidemiology, and treatment of cervical intramedullary teratomas in adults are also reviewed. Postoperative MR imaging showed that the tumor had been near totally removed, and severely adherent tissue remained ventrocranially with tiny focal enhancement on follow-up MR imaging. Pathological examinations revealed immature teratoma without any malignant component. Adjuvant therapy was not performed. Although no change in neurological findings and symptoms was apparent postoperatively, lesion regrowth was demonstrated on MR imaging 4 months after surgery. At 8 months postoperatively, myelopathic symptoms had developed and a huge intramedullary tumor recurred according to MR imaging. This case is the seventh reported instance of intramedullary cervical teratoma in an adult, and the first case report of the immature type with malignant features.

  8. Fibromatosis--a rare retroperitoneal tumour.

    PubMed

    Uranüs, S; Beham, A; Stenzl, W

    1990-01-01

    A case of retroperitoneal fibromatosis in a 28-year-old white male is presented. The soft tissue tumor, with a weight of 8000 g, was resected by laparotomy. Because of adhesions to the ascending colon and the right ureter, a hemicolectomy and partial resection of the right ureter had to be performed additionally. Intraabdominal fibromatoses are very infrequent tumorous lesions of the connective tissue, occurring retroperitoneally only in isolated cases. Their etiology is presumed to be a hereditary or gene-associated defect in the regulation of connective tissue growth. In addition, trauma and hormonal influences often appear as inductive cofactors.

  9. Cystic retroperitoneal lymphangioma in infants and children.

    PubMed

    Leonidas, J C; Brill, P W; Bhan, I; Smith, T H

    1978-04-01

    Retroperitoneal lymphangiomas are uncommon benign tumors usually presenting in early life. They may cause significant pressure on adjacent structures, most often with superior and medial displacement of the kidney and medial deviation of the ureter. Relative radiolucency on total body opacification during excretory urography, and features of a cystic structure on ultrasonography and computed tomography should further suggest the possibility of a retroperitoneal lymphangioma. Vascular stretching and displacement without neovascularity on angiography and contrast entry into the cysts on lower extremity lymphography are additional features, but such procedures are usually unnecessary.

  10. [A case of retroperitoneal venous aneurysm].

    PubMed

    Maeda, S; Tamaki, M; Yamamoto, N; Takeda, A; Kuriyama, M; Kawada, Y; Mizoguchi, Y; Kasahara, M

    1991-01-01

    Venous aneurysm is a rare entity and the disease occurring in the retroperitoneal space has been reported in only 4 cases. Therefore, the fifth case of retroperitoneal venous aneurysm on the literature was described. A 59-year-old male was referred to our clinic because of painless large mass in the left abdomen. Computed tomography, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic mass at the perinephric space. The resected cyst contained yellow-grayish fluid. The cyst wall was microscopically formed of 4 layers; blood and cholesterin, hyaline, muscle and collagen from the inner to outer side. He is well without any trouble after the operation.

  11. [Splenoportography in pancreatic tumors and retroperitoneal neoplasms].

    PubMed

    Roshchektaev, N V

    1975-01-01

    Along with other methods of investigation splenoportography was performed in 29 patients with tumors and in 2 patients with cystic affection of the pancreas. Moreover, in 5 cases splenoportography was performed due to a suspicion to pancreatic tumor, and also in 6 patients with retroperitoneal tumors and in 7-with renal tumors. In all these patients with pancreatic tumors splenoportograms have shown changes on the part of a splenoportal trunk, which corresponded to the localization and degree of spread of a tumor in most cases. Splenoportography is felt to be rational in retroperitoneal tumors. In such cases splenoportography would contribute to a detailed determination of tumor localization and its relation with the liver.

  12. Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection after prior open retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy and chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Lima, Guilherme C; Kohanim, Sahar; Rais-Bahrami, Soroush; Kavoussi, Louis R

    2005-12-01

    Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for testicular cancer is a challenging surgical procedure. Several factors can increase the difficulty, including prior chemotherapy or open surgery. We present a case of a laparoscopic "redo" postchemotherapy nodal dissection to treat a residual retroperitoneal mass in a patient with non-seminomatous germ cell tumor. This approach allowed rapid recovery, and at 2.5 years after surgery no evidence of tumor recurrence was seen.

  13. [Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with a small ganglioneuroma].

    PubMed

    Marucci, G; Collina, G

    2006-02-01

    A case of ganglioneuroma arising within a cystic mature teratoma of the ovary in a 34-year-old woman is reported. Patient underwent right adnexectomy. The ovary was completely replaced by a bilocular cystic lesion, measuring 8 cm in diameter and filled with adipose tissue and pilosebaceous material. Microscopically the cyst was composed by a mature cystic teratoma containing skin with dermal appendages, fatty tissue and bronchial epithelium. Furthermore a nodule (0.5 cm in size) composed of mature ganglion cells, axons and Schwann cells, was identified. Ganglion cells were positive for NSE and synaptophysin, while Schwann cells stained positively with S100 protein and GFAP. To the best of our knowledgment this is the first reported cases of ganglioneuroma arisen within a cystic mature teratoma of the ovary.

  14. Radiofrequency Coblation of Congenital Nasopharyngeal Teratoma: A Novel Technique

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Sang Yun; Jefferson, Niall; Mohorikar, Alok; Jacobson, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Congenital nasopharyngeal teratomas are rare tumours that pose difficulties in diagnosis and surgical management. We report the first use of radiofrequency coblation in the management of such tumours. Case Report. A premature baby with a perinatal diagnosis of a large, obstructing nasooropharyngeal mass was referred to the ENT service for further investigations and management. The initial biopsy was suggestive of a neuroblastoma, but the tumour demonstrated rapid growth despite appropriate chemotherapy. In a novel use of radiofrequency coblation, the nasooropharyngeal mass was completely excised, with the final histopathology revealing a congenital nasopharyngeal teratoma. Conclusion. We report the first use of radiofrequency coblation to excise a congenital nasopharyngeal teratoma and discuss its advantages. PMID:25685579

  15. [Extrarenal Retroperitoneal Angiomyolipoma Masquerading as Retroperitoneal Liposarcoma : A Report of Two Cases].

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Ryohei; Inoue, Takamitsu; Numakura, Kazuyuki; Tsuruta, Hiroshi; Maeno, Atsushi; Saito, Mitsuru; Narita, Shintaro; Tsuchiya, Norihiko; Satoh, Shigeru; Habuchi, Tomonori

    2016-06-01

    We report two patients with extrarenal retroperitoneal angiomyolipoma masquerading as perinephric liposarcoma. Patient 1 : A 66-year-old man was diagnosed with a retroperitoneal tumor near the right renal hilum on an abdominal computed tomography (CT) performed before surgery for gastric cancer. A diagnosis of extrarenal retroperitoneal angiomyolipoma was made on the basis of negative uptake of fluorine- 18 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET)/CT. However, because the tumor was found to have gradually enlarged at 18 months afterward, he underwent resection of the extrarenal fat tissue together with the right kidney. Patient 2 : A 56-year-old man underwent abdominal ultrasound during a periodic medical examination, which revealed a right retroperitoneal tumor. Because of the findings in the contrast-enhanced CT and positive uptake of 18F-FDG PET/CT, he underwent resection of the extrarenal fat tissue together with the right kidney. The pathological examination of the two tumors confirmed extrarenal angiomyolipoma. The differential diagnosis of extrarenal retroperitoneal angiomyolipoma from retroperitoneal liposarcoma is difficult even with the use of 18F-FDG PET/CT. PMID:27452495

  16. Conus Medullaris Teratoma with Utilization of Fiber Tractography: Case Report.

    PubMed

    Alkherayf, Fahad; Arab, Abdullah Faisal; Tsai, Eve

    2015-07-01

    Objective Conus medullaris teratomas are very rare tumors. Traditional preoperative diagnosis depended on the findings from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Tractography is a novel technique that has recently been utilized to diagnose spinal cord lesions. This case report shows that fiber tractography has great potential in preoperative diagnosis and postoperative follow-up of teratomas of the conus medullaris. Methods A 50-year-old man with a conus medullaris teratoma underwent tractography with the aim of visualizing the tumor in relation to the white matter tracts. The patient underwent a T12-L2 laminectomy, and the lesion was resected. The histopathology diagnosis was of a mature teratoma. Study Design Case report. Results Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography provide more details about the white matter tracts in relation to space-occupying lesions that may be more sensitive than conventional MRI and have recently been utilized in spinal cord lesions. Fiber tracking has the ability to visualize the integrity of the white matter tracts at the level of the conus medullaris in relation to the lesion. The tracts appeared to be displaced by the lesion at the conus medullaris. Tractography also showed no white matter tracts within the lesion. Such findings are consistent with the characteristics of a benign lesion. Exploiting tractography in this case was helpful in predicting the nature of the lesion preoperatively and in planning the surgical intervention. Conclusions Conus medullaris teratomas mostly affect adults. Patients generally present with a long history of clinical symptoms prior to diagnosis. Surgery is required for diagnosis, and the goal should be complete tumor excision without sacrificing any neurologic functions. The use of DTI and tractography, in addition to conventional MRI, has the potential to be very valuable for the diagnosis, surgical planning, and follow-up of patients with conus medullaris teratomas.

  17. Post-chemotherapy robotic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RRPLND) in testicular cancer.

    PubMed

    Kamel, Mohamed H; Jackson, C Mark; Moore, John T; Heshmat, Samy M; Bissada, Nabil K

    2012-12-01

    We report here on the safety and feasibility of using robotic surgery for the excision of residual retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis in patients with non-seminomatous germ cell testicular tumors (NSGCT) post-chemotherapy (PC). Two men (age 20 and 21 years, respectively) with residual PC retroperitoneal disease underwent robotic assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RRPLND). The primary testicular tumor was on the right testicle in one patient and on the left testicle in the other patient. Both patients had a history of testicular NSGCT and bulky retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis and had received chemotherapy. The technique, feasibility, and safety of the RRPLND procedure are reported. RRPLND was safely accomplished in both patients. A right-side approach was performed in one patient; a left-side approach was utilized in the other patient. In both patients, the field of dissection was an ipsilateral template for lymph node dissection, including excision of the residual mass. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were encountered. Pathology showed mature teratomatous elements in both patients. We demonstrate here the safety and feasibility of performing template RRPLND in patients with PC residual masses. Further reports are needed to compare this procedure to its other approaches, namely, standard open and laparoscopic RPLND. PMID:27628479

  18. A Giant Retroperitoneal Lymphangioma: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Hubli, Prabhu; Sachin, Basavaraju M

    2016-01-01

    Lymphangioma is a congenital lesion of childhood. They usually present in head and neck region. Intra-abdominal lymphangioma in an adult is a rare lesion which poses diagnostic difficulty. Although asymptomatic, they may present with an acute abdomen. Here, we report a rare case of huge asymptomatic retro-peritoneal lymphangioma who underwent complete surgical excision with an uneventful postoperative period.

  19. A Giant Retroperitoneal Lymphangioma: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Hubli, Prabhu; Rohith, Muddasetty; Sachin, Basavaraju M

    2016-07-01

    Lymphangioma is a congenital lesion of childhood. They usually present in head and neck region. Intra-abdominal lymphangioma in an adult is a rare lesion which poses diagnostic difficulty. Although asymptomatic, they may present with an acute abdomen. Here, we report a rare case of huge asymptomatic retro-peritoneal lymphangioma who underwent complete surgical excision with an uneventful postoperative period. PMID:27630902

  20. A Giant Retroperitoneal Lymphangioma: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Hubli, Prabhu; Sachin, Basavaraju M

    2016-01-01

    Lymphangioma is a congenital lesion of childhood. They usually present in head and neck region. Intra-abdominal lymphangioma in an adult is a rare lesion which poses diagnostic difficulty. Although asymptomatic, they may present with an acute abdomen. Here, we report a rare case of huge asymptomatic retro-peritoneal lymphangioma who underwent complete surgical excision with an uneventful postoperative period. PMID:27630902

  1. Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage from Adrenal Artery Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Gonzalez Valverde, F.M. Balsalobre, M.; Torregrosa, N.; Molto, M.; Gomez Ramos, M.J.; Vazquez Rojas, J.L.

    2007-04-15

    Spontaneous adrenal hemorrhage is a very rare but serious disorder of the adrenal gland that can require emergent treatment. We report on a 42-year-old man who underwent selective angiography for diagnosis and treatment of retroperitoneal hemorrhage from small adrenal artery aneurysm. This case gives further details about the value of transluminal artery embolization in the management of visceral aneurysm rupture.

  2. Giant retroperitoneal cyst in an adult male.

    PubMed

    Egawa, S; Satoh, T; Suyama, K; Uchida, T; Iwabuchi, K; Koshiba, K

    1996-07-01

    This paper presents a case of a symptomatic giant retroperitoneal cyst in an adult male. The unilocular cyst was excised successfully with resolution of the attendant symptoms. Histological findings of the cyst wall suggested a lymphangiomatous etiology. Any good risk patient found to harbor such a cyst should undergo complete excision in view of the potential for the development of symptoms and complications.

  3. [Computer tomography of retroperitoneal trauma (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Fischedick, A R; Müller, R P; Kramps, H; Cramer, B

    1982-01-01

    Computer tomography changes after retroperitoneal trauma are described on the basis of 19 patients seen by the authors. It appears that this method is superior to conventional techniques, both as a screening method and for carrying out follow-ups. The indications for angiography are thereby reduced.

  4. A Giant Retroperitoneal Lymphangioma: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Hubli, Prabhu; Rohith, Muddasetty; Sachin, Basavaraju M

    2016-07-01

    Lymphangioma is a congenital lesion of childhood. They usually present in head and neck region. Intra-abdominal lymphangioma in an adult is a rare lesion which poses diagnostic difficulty. Although asymptomatic, they may present with an acute abdomen. Here, we report a rare case of huge asymptomatic retro-peritoneal lymphangioma who underwent complete surgical excision with an uneventful postoperative period.

  5. [A case of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma].

    PubMed

    Perini, F; Metelli, F; Bazzana, M

    1979-06-30

    A case of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma in a 62-yr-old woman presented as symptom-free abdominal swelling. The intraoperative diagnosis was confirmed histologically. Radical management consisted of stripping of the cyst from its adjacent structures. The postoperative course was uneventful.

  6. [Lymphangioadenography in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors].

    PubMed

    Galaĭko, G M

    1975-10-01

    A method of direct lymphangioadenography was employed in 18 patients with abdominal tumors of obscure origin. These were as follows: lymphogranuloma, splenic lymphosarcoma, tumors of the stomach, kidney, pancreas both benign and malignant, retroperitoneal cysts, fibroma, malignant periganglioma. Roentgenological symptoms of abdominal tumors of various localization are reported.

  7. [A case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst].

    PubMed

    Kondo, Hideaki; Fujimoto, Kiyohide; Aoki, Katsuya; Cho, Masaki; Hirao, Yoshihiko; Natsume, Osamu

    2005-01-01

    A 59-year-old hypertensive man was referred to our hospital with a retroperitoneal cystic tumor, measuring 6 cm in diameter that was detected by an ultrasound examination during routine check-up 2 years before coming to our department. During the 2-year follow-up, the cystic tumor gradually increased in size. The patient also became hypertensive with slightly elevated urine levels of noradrenaline and dopamine, while the plasma catecholamines and their metabolites in the urine were within the normal range. Computed tomographic scanning and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a dumbbell-shaped retroperitoneal cyst with dense fluid, measuring 7 x 3.5 x 3 cm in diameter, in the left supra-adrenal and sub-diaphragmatic regions. He underwent extirpation of the cystic tumor with suspicion of adrenal endocrine cystic tumor. The histopathological diagnosis was a bronchogenic cyst, which is an extremely rare developmental anomaly in the retroperitoneal space. We herein report this rare case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst and present a brief review of the previously reported 30 Japanese cases.

  8. A Huge Mature Cystic Teratoma in a Nulliparous Patient

    PubMed Central

    Gunduz, Melih; Pata, Ozlem; Unlu, Cihat

    2015-01-01

    Here we report a case of a giant mature cystic teratoma of the ovary in a 38-year-old nullipaous woman. The patient presented with abdominal distension and abdominal pain. Laparotomy and cystectomy yielded satisfactory results. Histologic evaluation confirmed a benign cystic teratoma of the ovary. The patient underwent surgery for rupture of corpus luteum six years ago and no gross lesion was seen at the operation. This case demonstrates that dermoid cysts can grow to enormous sizes within a short duration. PMID:26500962

  9. Conservative surgical treatment for a giant thoracoabdominal benign teratoma.

    PubMed

    Catania, A; D'Andrea, V; Panzironi, G; Biancari, F; De Antoni, E

    1997-06-01

    The authors describe an adult patient with a giant, cystic teratoma (33 x 22 x 18 cm) involving the posterior mediastinum and retroperitoneum. A conservative surgical approach consisting of a partial endocystectomy plus injections of tetracycline into the residual cavity, was performed. Two months after surgery, a CT scan showed a 6 x 5 x 3 cm residual cyst. The authors believe that the excision of the inner surface of the cystic lesion and the intracystic administration of tetracycline, may successfully prevent the accumulation of fluid which is the main cause of the progressive enlargement of such benign cystic teratomas.

  10. Parkinsonism as an unusual presenting symptom of pineal gland teratoma.

    PubMed

    Dolendo, Mae Concepcion J; Lin, Tan Poh; Tat, Ong Hian; Chong, Quah Thuan; Timothy, Lee Kam Yiu

    2003-04-01

    We report a case of a 14-year-old Chinese boy with immature teratoma of the pineal gland who manifested with parkinsonism. Diagnostic evaluation revealed hydrocephalus and an immature teratoma of the pineal gland extending to the thalamus. An urgent ventriculoperitoneal shunt was inserted, and chemotherapy was given to reduce the tumor size. The tumor was completely excised 2 months after diagnosis with improvement of clinical signs and symptoms. His symptoms recurred 3 months later with sudden onset of obtundation, tremors, cogwheel rigidity, and marked bradykinesia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a small enhancing lesion in the pineal region and progressive hydrocephalus on serial studies. He was treated with carbidopa/levodopa and amantadine, but marked improvement was only observed after reprogramming his VP shunt. Features consistent with the growing teratoma syndrome were noted during this period. These were progressive pineal gland tumor enlargement documented on MRI without increase in previously elevated alpha-fetoprotein levels. The tumor continued to enlarge despite gamma knife radiosurgery. Secondary parkinsonism is a rare presentation of pineal gland tumors and has not been reported in association with the growing teratoma syndrome.

  11. Intracranial teratoma in children: the role of chromosome 21 trisomy.

    PubMed

    Ferraz, Sabrine Teixeira; Valera, Elvis Terci; Brassesco, María Sol; Santos de Oliveira, Ricardo; Carlos dos Santos, Antonio; Saggioro, Fabiano Pinto; Neder, Luciano; Scrideli, Carlos Alberto; Tone, Luiz Gonzaga

    2014-04-01

    Teratomas are very rare intracranial tumors and cytogenetic information on this group remains rare. We report a case of a mature teratoma with abnormal +21 trisomy in tumor karyotype ocurring in a non-Down syndrome(DS) infant. Additionally, the evidence for the contribution of chromosome 21 trisomy in this neoplasia are briefly reviewed. The 6-month-old male baby presented with a posterior fossa tumor. Histological evaluation of tumor specimen showed a mature teratoma composed of fully differentiated ectodermal, mesodermal and endodermal components. Although somatic karyotyping of the index case was normal, composite tumor karyotype depicted 47,XY,+21[6]/46,XY[6]. Besides previous reports of children with DS and intracranial teratomas, this is the first report to describe the occurrence of an isolated chromosome 21 trisomy within the tumor of a non-DS child. The participation of chromosome 21 in this rare pediatric tumor, either somatic or restricted to tumor specimen,may deserve special interest and further investigation. PMID:24812702

  12. Bilateral metastatic spread of testicular teratoma to mandibular condyles.

    PubMed

    Porter, S R; Chaudhry, Z; Griffiths, M J; Scully, C; Kabala, J; Whipp, E

    1996-09-01

    The clinical and radiological features of a patient with metastatic spread of testicular teratoma to both mandibular condyles are presented. It is suggested that in patients with known systemic malignancy, a local metastatic deposit should be considered as a possible cause of unexplained pain in the temporomandibular joints.

  13. Response of differentiated but not anaplastic teratoma to interferon.

    PubMed Central

    Rustin, G. J.; Kaye, S. B.; Williams, C. J.; Newlands, E. S.; Bagshawe, K. D.; Toy, J. L.

    1984-01-01

    A Phase 2 trial was conducted using intramuscular lymphoblastoid interferon (IFN, Wellcome Research Laboratories), 4 MU per day, in 10 patients with chemotherapy-resistant teratomas. There was stabilisation of disease in 2 patients both of whom were in retrospect considered to have had differentiated teratoma at the time of IFN administration. There was progression of presumed active anaplastic germ cell tumour in 8 patients. One of these patients, a 15-year-old boy with biopsy proven differentiated teratoma has received 2 courses of lymphoblastoid IFN and 1 course of recombinant leukocyte A IFN (Roche Products Ltd.) lasting 5 1/2, 8 and 8+ months respectively. He has had a mixed response in his differentiated tumour which on each occasion has been maintained for the duration that he received IFN. Rising HCG levels during his second course of interferon required additional cytotoxic chemotherapy. Lymphoblastoid IFN does not appear to be active against anaplastic germ cell tumours but both lymphoblastoid and recombinant leukocyte A IFN may be useful in the treatment of unresectable differentiated teratoma. Images Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:6498061

  14. Clinical evolution of cystic teratoma during treatment with combination chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Taylor, H G; Tell, D T; Skoog, S J; McLeod, D G

    1986-09-01

    Progressive, cystic tumor enlargement in the abdomen developed in a patient with teratocarcinoma during treatment with systemic chemotherapy. Tumor markers were elevated in the cyst fluid and negative in serum. Further, the patient underwent a successful surgical debulking of large amounts of cystic teratoma.

  15. Laparoscopic removal of a benign pelvic retroperitoneal dermoid cyst.

    PubMed

    Sharpe, L A; Van Oppen, D J

    1995-02-01

    Retroperitoneal tumors are rare, often malignant, and difficult to diagnose. Surgical removal is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We believe this to be the first report of laparoscopic removal of a benign pelvic retroperitoneal dermoid cyst from the right pararectal and presacral areas. Iatrogenic enterocele was prevented by laparoscopic suturing and knot tying to perform a modified McCall culdoplasty. The excellent outcome of this case suggests that laparoscopic management should be considered for carefully selected benign retroperitoneal tumors.

  16. [A case of bronchogenic cyst treated as retroperitoneal tumor].

    PubMed

    Matsuzaki, Kyosuke; Okumi, Masayoshi; Yoshida, Yasuyuki; Yoshioka, Iwao; Tsujimura, Akira; Nonomura, Norio

    2013-11-01

    A 66-year-old man presented with a retroperitoneal mass found in a routine medical examination. He had no complaints and no medical history. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a cystic mass in the retroperitoneal space, attached to the left crus of the diaphragm, 5.5 cm in size. Retroperitoneal cystic tumor was diagnosed, and transperitoneal tumor resection was performed. Pathological findings revealed a cyst wall lined with ciliated epithelium and cartilage, diagnosed as a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. The patient was in good health at 12 months after the surgery with no evidence of recurrence.

  17. Infected retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma masquerading as psoas abscess.

    PubMed

    Pratap, Akshay; Tiwari, Awadhesh; Sah, Birendra Prasad; Sinha, Arvind Kumar; Shakya, Vikal Chandra; Niels, Koopmans G

    2008-01-01

    A 2-year-old male is described who presented with fever, fixed flexion deformity of the right hip and a tender mass in the right iliac fossa. A clinical diagnosis of psoas abscess was made. Abdominal ultrasound was suggestive of an echogenic retroperitoneal cyst but could not accurately determine the nature of the cyst. A contrast CT scan showed a retroperitoneal cyst. At laparotomy, a large retroperitoneal cyst containing turbid fluid was found and was excised completely. Histopathological examination was suggestive of cystic lymphangioma. Clinical presentation of retroperitoneal lymphangioma may be variable and misleading, therefore complex imaging studies are necessary in the evaluation of this condition.

  18. Case of retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Yamashita, Shinichi; Tochigi, Tatsuo; Kawamura, Sadafumi; Aoki, Hiroshi; Tateno, Hiroo; Kuwahara, Masaaki

    2007-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the retroperitoneal space is rare. We report a case of retroperitoneal tumor, diagnosed as SFT. A 69-year-old woman presented with right lower abdominal swelling, and was referred to our hospital with suspicion of right renal tumor. Abdominal ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT) showed a mass (about 15 x 14 x 10 cm) in the right abdomen. The tumor was thought to be right renal rumor, and right radical nephrectomy was performed. In the excised specimen the tumor was not connected to gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum, or right kidney. The histological and immunohistochemical examination of the specimen revealed SFT. The tumor has malignant potential with partially increased mitotic activity and cellularity in the histological examination. The patient is healthy and without evidence of recurrence or metastasis 26 months from surgery.

  19. [Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: Report of one case].

    PubMed

    Orellana, Franco; Cárdenas, Rubén; Manríquez, María Eugenia; Ríos, Horacio; Suárez, Leopoldo; Videla, Domingo

    2007-07-01

    Retroperitoneal cystic tumors are uncommon. More than two thirds are malignant. Benign lesions include lipomas and leiomyomas, among others. Bronchogenic cysts are congenital anomalies that result from an abnormal budding of the primitive foregut, and are most commonly found in the mediastinum. Occasionally they can be seen in the skin, subcutaneous tissue, in the pre-sternal and pericardial areas, but those located under the diaphragm are extremely rare. We report a 24 year-old female who consulted for abdominal pain. An abdominal ultrasound disclosed a retroperitoneal cystic lesion, that was confirmed with a CAT scan. The patient was operated, finding a cyst that was adhered to the pancreas. A distal pancreatectomy and cyst excision were done. The pathological examination of the lesion showed a bronchogenic cyst. The patient was discharged ten days after surgery.

  20. Isolated renal and retroperitoneal hydatid cysts.

    PubMed

    Tan, M O; Emir, L; Germiyanoğlu, C; Uygur, C; Altuğ, U; Erol, D

    2000-01-01

    Four patients (3 male, 1 female) with isolated renal and 1 female patient with isolated retroperitoneal cysts were reviewed. The mean age of the patients was 46 (25-64). The most common presenting symptom was pain. Two cases were discovered incidentally by the observance of renal calcification on abdominal x-ray. Indirect hemagglutination test was positive in all cases but eosinophilia was present only in 1 (20%) case. Nephrectomy was performed to 1 patient who presented with hydaturia and had a large communicating cyst involving most of the kidney. Total cystectomy was performed in other renal cysts. Total cystectomy with wide excision of the involved muscle was performed to the retroperitoneal hydatid cyst. Patients were followed by an average of 23.8 (9-50) months with indirect hemagglutination test and USG. No evidence for recurrence was found up to date.

  1. Retroperitoneal Ancient Schwannoma: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Çalişkan, Selahattin; Gümrükçü, Gülistan; Kaya, Cevdet

    2015-01-01

    Schwannomas are extremely rare tumors that are composed of Schwann cells. Retroperitoneal localization comprises 0.7% to 2.6% of all schwannomas. Patients usually present with nonspecific symptoms. There are no pathognomonic features on radiologic evaluation. Preoperative biopsy is not recommended because of complication risks; however, surgery is necessary for diagnosis and treatment. Although most schwannomas are benign tumors, those that are associated with von Recklinghausen disease are malignant. Schwannomas exhibit regions of high and low cellularity, termed Antoni A and Antoni B areas, with a diffuse positivity of S100 protein on pathologic evaluation. If there are degenerative changes, such as cyst formation, hemorrhage, calcification, and hyalinization, these tumors are termed ancient schwannomas. We present a case of retroperitoneal ancient schwannoma.

  2. Endoscopic management of a retroperitoneal hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Chowbey, Pradeep K; Wadhwa, Atul; Shah, Sumeet; Sharma, Anil; Khullar, Rajesh; Soni, Vandana; Baijal, Manish

    2004-08-01

    Hydatid cyst is a significant health problem in endemic regions. Although progress has been made in medical treatment and interventional radiology techniques, surgery is currently the treatment of choice. The hydatid cysts are known to occur at several unusual sites in the body. With increasing experience in laparoscopy and retroperitoneoscopy, attempts have been made to offer the advantages of minimal access procedures to hydatid disease patients. We present a case report of such a patient whose retroperitoneal hydatid cyst was removed endoscopically.

  3. Pseudocyst formation in retroperitoneal fibrosis relapse.

    PubMed

    Jansen, I; Hendriksz, T R; Van Bommel, E F H

    2010-06-01

    We describe a 45-year-old male patient with recurrent retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF), in whom a pseudocyst in the peri-aortic fibrotic mantle was diagnosed. Without any intervention other than oral treatment with tamoxifen, the pseudocyst showed significant regression. Although rare, pseudocyst formation may sometimes appear in RPF and may mimic other benign and malignant conditions. This is the first paper to describe pseudocyst formation in an RPF relapse.

  4. Retroperitoneal endoscopic debridement for infected peripancreatic necrosis.

    PubMed

    Seifert, H; Wehrmann, T; Schmitt, T; Zeuzem, S; Caspary, W F

    2000-08-19

    Standard management of infected peripancreatic necrosis consists of open surgical debridement and lavage--a traumatic intervention with substantial morbidity and mortality. As an alternative and novel approach with minimum invasiveness, we present fenestration of the gastric wall and debridement of infected necrosis by direct retroperitoneal endoscopy. In three patients, this strategy led to rapid clinical improvement and no serious complications. Transgastric endoscopic therapy may be a less traumatic alternative to surgery and should be further assessed in prospective studies.

  5. Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis associated with retroperitoneal lymphangioleiomyomas.

    PubMed

    Oikonomou, Anastasia; Tzouvelekis, Argyris; Zezos, Petros; Bouros, Demostehenes; Prassopoulos, Panos

    2012-01-01

    A 36-year-old woman presented with worsening symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, low fever, dyspnoea on exertion and bilateral leg during the last 2 months. Chest radiograph showed mild diffuse reticular pattern with preserved lung volumes. Lung high resolution CT disclosed multiple thin-walled lung cysts throughout the lungs bilaterally with no zonal predominance and with normal intervening parenchyma and abdominal CT revealed bilateral retrocrural and retroperitoneal hypodense masses. Imaging findings were consistent with lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

  6. [Giant retroperitoneal mesenteric cyst presenting as dyspepsia].

    PubMed

    Rosón Rodríguez, Pedro J; Asensio, Antonio Del Fresno; Quintero Barranco, Belén

    2010-01-01

    Dyspepsia is a frequent cause of referral to gastroenterology units. After appropriate investigations, many patients receive a diagnosis of functional disorders, although dyspepsia can have an organic basis. We present the case of a woman with typical symptoms of dyspepsia, which were initially mild. After appropriate investigations, the patient was diagnosed with a giant retroperitoneal tumor. We discuss the diagnostic approach to this entity and review the literature on the topic.

  7. [Spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma: a case report].

    PubMed

    Tosato, F; Palermo, S; Carnevale, L; Paolini, A

    2000-01-01

    The A.A. present a case report of retroperitoneal spontaneous hematoma and put in evidence the difficulties in making an etiopathogenetic diagnosis of spontaneous renal cyst rupture. The patient was a 72 years old man admitted to the hospital in emergency for a painful ipogastric syntomatology and biliary vomit. The ecography showed a distanced gallbladder and the endoscopy evidenced a duodenal stenosis with compression of the gastric posterior wall, so that we were initially directed towards a pancreatic tumor even if the modest increase of the serum bilirubinemy and mostly the fact that direct component was almost normal, gave us strong doubts. The spiral TC gave finally the diagnosis of retroperitoneal hematoma and the presence of a bilateral polycystic kidney with several subcapsular cyst, let us suggest, as well as the anamnestic report of a physical stress, a renal origin of the bleeding. A wild literature review did not evidence other similar cases, but the ecclusion of other possible causes of retroperitoneal hematoma, suggested this conclusion.

  8. [Laparoscopic extirpation of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst].

    PubMed

    Akos, Molnár Béla; Péter, Kaliszky; Edina, Nagy; János, Horányi; Eszter, Székely

    2006-02-01

    The retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst is an extremely rare anomaly. During the examination of an 18-year-old female patient due to her extreme thinness, the abdominal ultrasound and later the CT indicated as an accidental finding--a left side adrenal/suprarenal adenoma, which turned out to be hormonally inactive. But while we were doing a laparoscopic surgical intervention we found a 6-8-cm cyst in the retroperitoneum, between the greater curvature and the spleen. It contained light grey, mucinous liquid. The left suprarenal gland had normal size and appearance. During the microscopic examination the removed terime showed cystic structures, which were covered inside with multilayer ciliated columnar epithelium, mucous excretory glands, a whole layer of connective/interstitial and smooth muscle tissue. Neither cartilage, nor gastrointestinal epithelium was found. Only a few publications have reported about retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst so far. These lesions occur very rarely at the greater curvature. Although this alteration is really unusual, bronchogenic cysts have to be expected in the differential diagnostics of the retroperitoneal tumors.

  9. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst with malignant change.

    PubMed

    Sullivan, S M; Okada, S; Kudo, M; Ebihara, Y

    1999-04-01

    A unique case of adenocarcinoma arising in a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst is presented. A 55-year-old woman presented with lower abdominal discomfort. Computed tomography revealed a retroperitoneal cystic mass attached to the ascending colon. The resected cyst was unilocular and filled with milky white mucus and hemorrhagic debris. Histologically, most of the cyst wall was of well-differentiated papillary adenocarcinoma with no cyst wall invasion. Other small areas of the cyst were lined with variably atypical dysplastic/metaplastic cuboidal to pseudostratified columnar epithelium. The cyst wall was mostly hyalinized, but there was apparent thickened subepithelial basement membrane, elastosis, and a single layer of smooth muscle that suggested bronchial wall structures. A mucin staining study with O-acylated sialic acid, which is used for the demonstration of gastrointestinal, cholecystic and uterine cervical mucins, was negative for the mucin-producing epithelial cells of the cyst. Thus, to our knowledge, this is the first reported case of adenocarcinoma arising in a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst.

  10. Characterization of the model for experimental testicular teratoma in 129/SvJ-mice

    PubMed Central

    Sundström, J; Pelliniemi, L J; Kuopio, T; Veräjänkorva, E; Fröjdman, K; Harley, V; Salminen, E; Pöllänen, P

    1999-01-01

    An animal model of experimental testicular teratoma has been established to study how a teratoma affects the host testis and how the host testis reacts against the teratoma. 129/SvJ-mice were used as experimental animals. To induce the experimental testicular teratoma, male gonadal ridges from 12-day-old 129/SvJ-mouse fetuses were grafted into the testes of adult mice for 1–12 weeks. The developing tumour was analysed by light and electron microscopy and by immunocytochemical localization of transcription factors SOX9 and c-kit, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and type IV collagen. Testicular teratoma was observed in 36 out of 124 testes with implanted fetal gonadal ridges (frequency 29%). One spontaneous testicular teratoma was observed in this material from 70 male mice (1.5%). One week after implantation intracordal clusters of cells were seen in embryonic testicular cords of the graft as the first sign of testicular teratomas. Four weeks after implantation the embryonic testicular cords had totally disappeared from grafts with teratomas, and the tumour tissue had enlarged the testis and invaded the interstitium of the host testis. It consisted of solitary pieces of immature cartilage as well as of glial cells and of primitive neuroepithelium. Six to eight weeks after implantation the tumour tissue had expanded so that the enlarged testis could be detected by macroscopic enlargement of the scrotum. The testicular tissue of the host had practically disappeared, and only solitary disrupted seminiferous tubules of the host were seen surrounding the teratoma. Neuroepithelial structures of some teratomas cultured for 8 weeks had cells with a granular nucleus as a sign of obvious apoptosis. Eleven to 12 weeks after implantation the growth of the teratoma had stopped, and the histology corresponded to that of a mature cystic teratoma. GFAP, SOX9 and type IV collagen were strongly positive in some parts of the tumours cultured for 4 and 8 weeks, while only

  11. Traumatic Rupture of A Posterior Mediastinal Teratoma following Motor-Vehicle Accident.

    PubMed

    Bell, Christopher; Domingo, Fernando; Miller, Ashley D; Smith, Jeremiah S; Headrick, James R

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of a posterior mediastinal mature cystic teratoma with rupture secondary to blunt chest trauma in a 20-year-old male involved in a motor-vehicle accident. Initial treatment was guided by Advanced Trauma Life Support and a tube thoracostomy was performed for presumed hemothorax. The heterogeneous collection within the thoracic cavity was discovered to be the result of a ruptured cystic mass. Pathologic findings confirmed the mass consistent with a mature cystic teratoma. As mediastinal teratomas are most commonly described arising from the anterior mediastinum, the posterior location of the teratoma described in this report is exceedingly rare. PMID:27660731

  12. Traumatic Rupture of A Posterior Mediastinal Teratoma following Motor-Vehicle Accident

    PubMed Central

    Bell, Christopher; Domingo, Fernando; Smith, Jeremiah S.; Headrick, James R.

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of a posterior mediastinal mature cystic teratoma with rupture secondary to blunt chest trauma in a 20-year-old male involved in a motor-vehicle accident. Initial treatment was guided by Advanced Trauma Life Support and a tube thoracostomy was performed for presumed hemothorax. The heterogeneous collection within the thoracic cavity was discovered to be the result of a ruptured cystic mass. Pathologic findings confirmed the mass consistent with a mature cystic teratoma. As mediastinal teratomas are most commonly described arising from the anterior mediastinum, the posterior location of the teratoma described in this report is exceedingly rare. PMID:27660731

  13. Retroperitoneal abscesses in two western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla).

    PubMed

    Hahn, Alicia; D'Agostino, Jennifer; Cole, Gretchen A; Raines, Jan

    2014-03-01

    This report describes two cases of retroperitoneal abscesses in female western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Clinical symptoms included perivulvar discharge, lameness, hindlimb paresis, and general malaise. Retroperitoneal abscesses should be considered as part of a complete differential list in female gorillas with similar clinical signs.

  14. [A case of serous cyst of the retroperitoneal space].

    PubMed

    Nishizawa, K; Murakami, Y; Okada, K; Matsushita, K; Kawamura, N

    1983-03-01

    There have been very few reports on retroperitoneal serous cysts and only 23 cases have been reported in Japan. We report a case of a 47-year-old woman who presented with the complaint of dull pain in her lower abdomen. After careful examination, she was diagnosed to have retroperitoneal serous cyst.

  15. [Benign non-organ-related diseases of the retroperitoneal space].

    PubMed

    Szolar, D H; Uggowitzer, M M; Kammerhuber, F H; Schreyer, H H

    1997-08-01

    Because of the anatomic localisation of the retroperitoneal space, the detection and elucidation of pathology in the retroperitoneum calls for clinical acumen and the utilisation of imaging techniques. During the past two decades, efforts spearheaded by the work of M. A. Meyers led to an enhanced understanding of retroperitoneal anatomy and pathology. Conventional radiographic techniques are often incapable of detecting and/or characterising retroperitoneal abnormalities. Sonography may be limited by patient-dependent-factors. CT is unaffected by bowel gas and provides discrete cross-sectional images of the organs, fascial planes and retroperitoneal compartments, making it an ideal tool for assessment of retroperitoneal disease. In clinically stable patients MRT may be a useful modality for providing helpful and additional information in characterising retroperitoneal abnormalities. In this review article the diagnostic possibilities of benign not organ-related diseases of the retroperitoneum are described. This is intended to give the reader an insight into the etiology and distribution patterns of retroperitoneal fluid and gas collections as well as into diagnosis and differential diagnosis of benign retroperitoneal diseases. The diagnostic impact of the different imaging modalities is discussed.

  16. Case report: prenatally detected dumdbell-shaped retroperitoneal duplication cyst.

    PubMed

    May, D A; Spottswood, S E; Ridick-Young, M; Nwomeh, B C

    2000-10-01

    Enteric duplication cysts are infrequently located in the retroperitoneum. Such cysts are typically spherical or ovoid. We report a retroperitoneal duplication cyst with extension across the abdominal midline in a previously unreported dumbbell configuration. This is the third reported case of prenatally detected retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst.

  17. Massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage owing to a ruptured adrenal cyst.

    PubMed

    Pasciak, R M; Cook, W A

    1988-01-01

    We report a rare case of massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage owing to rupture of an adrenal cyst after blunt abdominal trauma. A large retroperitoneal hematoma was evacuated and subtotal adrenalectomy was performed. Convalescence was uneventful. Histology revealed an endothelial-lined adrenal cyst suggesting a vascular or lymphatic etiology.

  18. A bronchogenic cyst, presenting as a retroperitoneal cystic mass.

    PubMed

    Govaerts, Kim; Van Eyken, Peter; Verswijvel, Geert; Van der Speeten, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are mostly benign, congenital abnormalities originating from the remnants of the primitive foregut. A retroperitoneal location is rare. Due to the mostly asymptomatic behavior and the historical confusion regarding histology, an exact prevalence is not known. We present here a case report of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. A literature review was performed for cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts written in English. Anatomopathological criteria for inclusion were pseudo stratified, ciliated, columnar epithelium together with the presence of at least one of the following: cartilage, smooth muscle or seromucous glands. In addition, the embryology, pathogenesis, radiological, clinical and suggested treatment modalities are reviewed. We report the surgical excision of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst that presented as a non-functioning left adrenal mass. Our review of literature revealed only 62 potential cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts. After applying the strict anatomopathological criteria, only 30 cases of true retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts could be identified. Retroperitoneal location of a bronchogenic cyst is rare. Despite the rarity of this pathologic entity, bronchogenic cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions. Only histology can confirm definitive diagnosis. Surgery remains the recommended treatment of choice.

  19. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst presenting as an adrenal mass.

    PubMed

    Foerster, H M; Sengupta, E E; Montag, A G; Kaplan, E L

    1991-10-01

    Subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cysts are rare, and those located retroperitoneally are exceptional. A review of the English-language literature revealed only three reported cases. We describe an additional case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst that presented uniquely as a symptomatic adrenal mass and discuss the cases of subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cysts reported in the English-language literature.

  20. A laparoscopic method for excision of large retroperitoneal paraovarian cysts.

    PubMed

    Herbert, C M; Segars, J H; Hill, G A

    1990-01-01

    Large retroperitoneal paraovarian cysts often present in reproductive-age women as an adnexal mass, with the appearance of a simple cyst on ultrasound. This report describes a laparoscopic method for removal of large paraovarian retroperitoneal cysts. Use of this technique permits successful removal of these cysts while avoiding laparotomy.

  1. Bronchogenic cyst. A rare differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors.

    PubMed

    Reichelt, O; Grieser, T; Wunderlich, H; Möller, A; Schubert, J

    2000-01-01

    Subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cysts are rare, and those located retroperitoneally are exceptional. A review of the English-language literature revealed only 16 reported cases. We describe an additional case of a retroperitoneal cyst presenting as an asymptomatic adrenal mass and discuss clinical, radiographic, surgical and pathological findings as well as its embryological background.

  2. A bronchogenic cyst, presenting as a retroperitoneal cystic mass

    PubMed Central

    Govaerts, Kim; Van Eyken, Peter; Verswijvel, Geert; Van der Speeten, Kurt

    2012-01-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are mostly benign, congenital abnormalities originating from the remnants of the primitive foregut. A retroperitoneal location is rare. Due to the mostly asymptomatic behavior and the historical confusion regarding histology, an exact prevalence is not known. We present here a case report of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. A literature review was performed for cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts written in English. Anatomopathological criteria for inclusion were pseudo stratified, ciliated, columnar epithelium together with the presence of at least one of the following: cartilage, smooth muscle or seromucous glands. In addition, the embryology, pathogenesis, radiological, clinical and suggested treatment modalities are reviewed. We report the surgical excision of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst that presented as a non-functioning left adrenal mass. Our review of literature revealed only 62 potential cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts. After applying the strict anatomopathological criteria, only 30 cases of true retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts could be identified. Retroperitoneal location of a bronchogenic cyst is rare. Despite the rarity of this pathologic entity, bronchogenic cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions. Only histology can confirm definitive diagnosis. Surgery remains the recommended treatment of choice. PMID:22532911

  3. Warm antibody autoimmune haemolytic anaemia associated with ovarian teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Raimundo, Pedro Oliveira; Coelho, Susana; Cabeleira, Alexandra; Dias, Luis; Gonçalves, Manuela; Almeida, Julio

    2010-01-01

    The ovarian cystic teratoma is a rare cause of autoimmune haemolytic anaemia by warm antibodies, resistant to corticotherapy, with few case reports published in the medical literature. We present a case of a 45-year-old woman admitted to hospital due to general weakness. Laboratory studies revealed macrocytic anaemia, biochemical parameters of haemolysis and peripheral spherocytosis. The direct Coombs test was positive. Viral serologies, anti-nuclear antibodies, anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies and β2-microglobulin were negative. CT scan of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis showed a heterogeneous right anexial lesion. The patient was treated with corticotherapy without improvement of anaemia. Regression of extra-vascular haemolysis and normalisation of haemoglobin was obtained only after laparoscopic splenectomy and right ooforectomy, and the histopathology of the right anexial mass revealed a cystic teratoma. Previously published cases controlled the haemolysis by surgically removing the lesion associated with splenectomy. PMID:22750920

  4. [Isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst. Apropos of 4 cases].

    PubMed

    el Ouakdi, M; Ben Fadhel, S; Ayed, M; Zmerli, S

    1988-01-01

    The isolated retroperitoneal cyst is rare. The hydatid cyst grow behind the posterior parietal peritoneum and have no connection with organs normally located within that space and lying next to them. Out of the 31 retroperitoneal tumors files collected over a five-year period, 25 are authentic primitive retroperitoneal tumors and 6 retroperitoneal hydatid cysts; 4 of which are isolated retroperitoneal localisations (neither pelvic subperitoneal localisation, nor multiple hydatic localisation are covered in this work). The abdominal mass is the most frequent sign, unfrequently concomitant with compressive syndrome. Diagnosis is based on urographic and echographic data. These data enabled a diagnosis to be reached in two cases and helped the diagnosis in one case. Surgery is the only treatment.

  5. Multimodality Local Therapy for Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

    SciTech Connect

    Paryani, Nitesh N.; Zlotecki, Robert A.; Swanson, Erika L.; Morris, Christopher G.; Grobmyer, Stephen R.; Hochwald, Steven N.; Marcus, Robert B.; Indelicato, Daniel J.

    2012-03-01

    Purpose: Soft-tissue sarcomas of the retroperitoneum are rare tumors comprising less than 1% of all malignancies. Although surgery continues as the mainstay of treatment, the large size of these tumors coupled with their proximity to critical structures make resection with wide margins difficult to achieve. The role and timing of radiotherapy are controversial. This study updates our institutional experience using multimodality local therapy for resectable retroperitoneal sarcoma and identifies prognostic factors impacting disease control and survival. Methods and Materials: Between 1974 and 2007, 58 patients with nonmetastatic retroperitoneal sarcoma were treated with surgery and radiation at University of Florida. The median age at radiotherapy was 57 years old (range, 18-80 years). Forty-two patients received preoperative radiotherapy and 16 received postoperative radiotherapy. Nineteen patients received 1.8 Gy once daily and 39 patients received 1.2 Gy twice daily. Variables analyzed for prognostic value included age, grade, kidney involvement, histology, de novo versus recurrent presentation, tumor diameter, margin status, radiotherapy sequencing (preoperative vs. postoperative), total radiation dose, fractionation scheme, and treatment era. Results: The 5-year overall survival, cause-specific survival, and local control rates were 49%, 58%, and 62%, respectively. Nearly two-thirds of disease failures involved a component of local progression. On multivariate analysis, only margin status was significantly associated with improved 5-year local control (85%, negative margins; 63%, microscopic positive margins; 0%, gross positive margins; p < 0.0001) and 5-year overall survival (64%, negative margins; 56%, microscopic positive margins; 13%, gross positive margins; p = 0.0012). Thirty-one Grade 3 or greater toxicities were observed in 22 patients, including two treatment-related deaths (3%). Conclusion: For retroperitoneal sarcoma, local control remains a

  6. Retroperitoneal pulmonary choristoma in a newborn calf.

    PubMed

    Bassi, Patrizia; Gentile, Arcangelo; Militerno, Gianfranco

    2010-11-01

    A newborn male Romagnola calf, who had died a few hours after birth, was submitted for postmortem examination. Necropsy revealed a 23 cm × 22 cm × 5 cm, pale pink, lobulated, elastic, partially fluctuant mass that protruded from the dorsal retroperitoneal space into the abdominal cavity, extending from the diaphragm to the left kidney. The mass consisted of mature pulmonary tissue and was consistent with a pulmonary choristoma. The gross and microscopic appearance of this rare tumor-like congenital lesion and the possible pathogenesis are discussed.

  7. Retroperitoneal Sarcoma: Fact, Opinion, and Controversy.

    PubMed

    Gladdy, Rebecca A; Gupta, Abha; Catton, Charles N

    2016-10-01

    After diagnosis of retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS), detailed imaging and multidisciplinary discussion should guide treatment including surgical resection and in select cases, neoadjuvant therapy. Local recurrence is common in RPS and is associated with grade, histologic subtype, completeness of resection, and size. As guidelines to standardize RPS patient management emerge, expert pathologic assessment and management in centers of excellence are benchmarks of quality of care. The efficacy of current chemotherapy is limited and there is a critical need to understand the molecular basis of sarcoma so that new drug therapies are developed. Multicenter clinical trials are needed to limit opinion and controversy in this complex and challenging disease. PMID:27591493

  8. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage from a ruptured hypernephroma.

    PubMed

    Trivedi, R; Levy, M; Ibrahim, I; Bonacarti, A

    1979-01-01

    The clinical presentation and roentgenographic findings of renal cell carcinoma have been consistently variable. These patients can appear with flank pain mimicking ureteral colic, flank tumors, or symptomatic metastasis [1]. Systemic cardiac manifestations including cardiomegaly with congestive heart failure due to arteriovenous fistula formation have been reported [2] Roentgenographic findings may show the tumor to be either vascular or avascular. It may present as a spontaneous perforation of the pelvic ureteral system which is demonstrated by intravenous pyelography (3). In this article, we describe a case of hypernephroma in a cyst wall causing severe spontaneous hemorrhage in the retroperitoneal space resulting in a state of hypovolemic shock.

  9. Retroperitoneal alimentary tract duplications detected in utero.

    PubMed

    Duncan, B W; Adzick, N S; Eraklis, A

    1992-09-01

    The prenatal diagnosis of numerous congenital anomalies has become routine. The prenatal diagnosis of cystic lesions of the retroperitoneum can be due to a variety of renal, gastrointestinal, or adrenal lesions. This finding demands aggressive postnatal follow-up to rule out the possibility of cystic adrenal neuroblastoma. We report the first cases of retroperitoneal cystic masses diagnosed in utero that ultimately proved to be enteric duplications. Therefore, the differential diagnosis of cystic masses of the retroperitoneum found prenatally should be expanded to include enteric duplication cysts.

  10. Unusual uptake of radioiodine in a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in a patient with thyroid carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Xue; Zeng, Hao; Gong, Jing; Huang, Rui

    2015-05-01

    The incidence of retroperitoneal bronchial cyst is rare and is unusual to be visualized on I scan. We report a 52-year-old man who received I therapy for papillary thyroid cancer. The postablation whole-body scan revealed increased radioiodine activity in the left abdomen. SPECT/CT localized this activity from a soft tissue mass in the retroperitoneal space. A retroperitoneal tumor was considered, and retroperitoneal laparoscopic tumor resection was performed. Pathologic examination confirmed a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst.

  11. Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Haematoma due to Polyarteritis Nodosa: Report of a Case and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Simsek, Emrah; Yilmaz, Hasan; Teke, Kerem; Uslubas, Ali Kemal; Yuksekkaya, Mustafa

    2016-01-01

    Retroperitoneal haematoma is a rare clinical entity with variable etiology. It can happen spontaneously, without any obvious precipitating factors, the so-called spontaneous retroperitoneal haematoma. There is no general consensus as to the best management plan for patients with retroperitoneal haematoma. Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare cause of retroperitoneal haematoma. Here we report relationship between PAN and retroperitoneal haematoma and treatment approaches. However, an accepted and clearly defined treatment has not been established due to its rarity. PMID:26885433

  12. Retroperitoneal Biloma due to Spontaneous Perforation of the Left Hepatic Duct

    PubMed Central

    Ishii, Kenjiro; Matsuo, Kazuhiro; Seki, Hiroaki; Yasui, Nobutaka; Sakata, Michio; Shimada, Akihiko; Matsumoto, Hidetoshi

    2016-01-01

    Patient: Male, 82 Final Diagnosis: Retroperitoneal biloma due to spontaneous perforation of the left hepatic duct Symptoms: Abdominal pain • high fever Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Emergent operation Specialty: Gastroenterology and Hepatology Objective: Rare disease Background: Spontaneous perforation of the bile duct in adults is very rare, particularly in cases accompanied by retroperitoneal biloma. We report a patient with retroperitoneal biloma due to a spontaneous perforation of the left hepatic duct. Case Report: An 82-year-old man was admitted to our institution with abdominal pain and a high fever. He had tenderness at the epi-mesogastrium. Computed tomography showed several stones in the gall bladder and common bile duct (CBD) and a few ascites. A substantial amount of fluid had collected from the dorsal stratum of the duodenum and pancreas head to the right paracolic gutter and anterior side of the right iliopsoas. Laboratory examination revealed a high inflammation score. He underwent emergent laparotomy. Biliary fluid was revealed after the mobilization of the pancreas head, duodenum, and right side of the colon. Bile duct perforation was suspected. Therefore, we exfoliated the dorsal side of the CBD to the cranial side, and intraoperative cholangiography was performed. However, the perforation site could not be detected. Cholecystectomy and choledocholithotomy were performed. A retrograde transhepatic biliary drainage tube was inserted, and primary closure of the CBD incision site was achieved. Postoperative cholangiography revealed leakage from the left hepatic duct near the caudate branch. Conclusions: There are a few reports of spontaneous bile duct perforation cases in the literature, particularly on infants or children with congenital anomalies, but it is rare in adults. It usually causes bile peritonitis, although bile duct perforation should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spontaneous retroperitoneal fluid collection in

  13. Congenital Giant Teratoma Arising from the Hard Palate: A Rare Clinical Presentation

    PubMed Central

    Veligandla, Indira; Lakshmi, A.R.Vijaya; Pandey, Vanita

    2016-01-01

    Teratomas are rare tumours which originate from all 3 germs cell layers namely endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm, with varying proportions of each component. The most common site of teratoma is in the sacro-coccygeal region. Teratomas are generally benign and have well appreciable clinical and histopathological features. Incidence of congenital teratoma is 1 in 4000. In head and neck region congenital teratomas usually associated with other anomalies like cystic hygroma and cleft palate with an incidence of 1 in 400. The approximately reported incidence of palatal teratoma is 1 in 35000 to 40000 live-births. Upper airway difficulty causes anticipated functional problems at hypopharynx. The prognosis of palatal teratoma mostly depends on the risk and extent of neonatal respiratory distress. We present a rare case of congenital teratoma arising from the hard palate in a new born girl. The outcome in this case was bad due to the large mass causing respiratory difficulty and bleeding from the ruptured cystic areas leading to hypovolemic shock. After two hours of delivery, baby expired. PMID:27630855

  14. Congenital Giant Teratoma Arising from the Hard Palate: A Rare Clinical Presentation.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Kandukuri Mahesh; Veligandla, Indira; Lakshmi, A R Vijaya; Pandey, Vanita

    2016-07-01

    Teratomas are rare tumours which originate from all 3 germs cell layers namely endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm, with varying proportions of each component. The most common site of teratoma is in the sacro-coccygeal region. Teratomas are generally benign and have well appreciable clinical and histopathological features. Incidence of congenital teratoma is 1 in 4000. In head and neck region congenital teratomas usually associated with other anomalies like cystic hygroma and cleft palate with an incidence of 1 in 400. The approximately reported incidence of palatal teratoma is 1 in 35000 to 40000 live-births. Upper airway difficulty causes anticipated functional problems at hypopharynx. The prognosis of palatal teratoma mostly depends on the risk and extent of neonatal respiratory distress. We present a rare case of congenital teratoma arising from the hard palate in a new born girl. The outcome in this case was bad due to the large mass causing respiratory difficulty and bleeding from the ruptured cystic areas leading to hypovolemic shock. After two hours of delivery, baby expired. PMID:27630855

  15. Congenital Giant Teratoma Arising from the Hard Palate: A Rare Clinical Presentation

    PubMed Central

    Veligandla, Indira; Lakshmi, A.R.Vijaya; Pandey, Vanita

    2016-01-01

    Teratomas are rare tumours which originate from all 3 germs cell layers namely endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm, with varying proportions of each component. The most common site of teratoma is in the sacro-coccygeal region. Teratomas are generally benign and have well appreciable clinical and histopathological features. Incidence of congenital teratoma is 1 in 4000. In head and neck region congenital teratomas usually associated with other anomalies like cystic hygroma and cleft palate with an incidence of 1 in 400. The approximately reported incidence of palatal teratoma is 1 in 35000 to 40000 live-births. Upper airway difficulty causes anticipated functional problems at hypopharynx. The prognosis of palatal teratoma mostly depends on the risk and extent of neonatal respiratory distress. We present a rare case of congenital teratoma arising from the hard palate in a new born girl. The outcome in this case was bad due to the large mass causing respiratory difficulty and bleeding from the ruptured cystic areas leading to hypovolemic shock. After two hours of delivery, baby expired.

  16. Genetics and biology of human ovarian teratomas. I. Cytogenetic analysis and mechanism of origin.

    PubMed

    Surti, U; Hoffner, L; Chakravarti, A; Ferrell, R E

    1990-10-01

    One hundred and two benign, mature ovarian teratomas and two immature, malignant teratomas were karyotyped and scored for centromeric heteromorphisms as part of an ongoing project to determine the chromosomal karyotype and the genetic origin of ovarian teratomas and to assess their utility for gene-centromere mapping. Karyotypic analysis of the benign cases revealed 95 46,XX teratomas and 7 chromosomally abnormal teratomas (47,XXX, 47,XX,+8 [two cases], 47,XX,+15, 48,XX,+7,+12 91,XXXX,-13 [mosaic], 47,XX,-15,+21,+mar). Our study reports on the first cases of tetraploidy and structural rearrangement in benign ovarian teratomas. The two immature cases had modal chromosome numbers of 78 and 49. Centromeric heteromorphisms that were heterozygous in the host were homozygous in 65.2% (n = 58) of the benign teratomas and heterozygous in the remaining 34.8% (n = 31). Chromosome 13 heteromorphisms were the most informative, with 72.7% heterozygosity in hosts. The cytogenetic data indicate that 65% of teratomas are derived from a single germ cell after meiosis I and failure of meiosis II (type II) or endoreduplication of a mature ovum (type III); 35% arise by failure of meiosis I (type I) or mitotic division of premeiotic germ cells (type IV). PMID:2220805

  17. A large retroperitoneal malignant solitary fibrous tumor.

    PubMed

    Yoh, Tomoaki; Sata, Ritsuko; Kobayashi, Atsushi; Wada, Seidai; Nakamura, Yuya; Kato, Tatsushi; Nakayama, Hiroyuki; Okamura, Ryuji

    2014-01-01

    We report on a large, retroperitoneal, malignant, solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) with high proliferation activity. A 43-year-old man was admitted to our department complaining of a palpable mass. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a large retroperitoneal tumor occupying the entire abdominal cavity. A laparotomy was performed for diagnosis and treatment, which revealed a tumor in the retroperitoneum but with no invasion to the surrounding organs, thereby allowing safe macroscopic excision. Histologically, the tumor was composed of spindle-shaped cells with patternless pattern and a hemangiopericytomatous appearance. Moreover, immunohistochemical staining was positive for CD34, vimentin, Bcl-2, and CD99 and negative for desmin, S-100p, and smooth muscle actin (AMA). The tumor exhibited high cellularity, moderate mitotic activity, pleomorphism, necrosis, and hemorrhagic changes. In addition, the Ki-67 labeling index was 37%. These findings confirmed the diagnosis of malignant SFT with high proliferation activity. Subsequently, adjuvant doxorubicin plus ifosfamide chemotherapy was performed. No signs of recurrence were observed 12 months after the surgery.

  18. [A case of retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumor].

    PubMed

    Anchi, Takashi; Tamura, Kenji; Inoue, Keiji; Fukata, Satoshi; Nishikawa, Hiroshi; Moriki, Toshiaki; Shuin, Taro

    2009-07-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a common neoplasm of the pleura and rarely arises from the retroperitoneal space. We report a case of retroperitoneal SFT. A 54-year-old woman was admitted to the department of dermatology in our hospital for examination and treatment of malignant melanoma of the right lower leg. Computerized tomography (CT) showed the left adrenal mass measuring 6.0 x 4.5 x 10 cm. Because the tumor was thought to be left adrenal tumor or left adrenal metastasis of the malignant melanoma, she admitted to our department. Left radical adrenalectomy was performed. The histological examination of the specimen revealed that the spindle or oval cells proliferated patternless with hyalinized collagen cells and there were few mitotic figures. The tumor was not connected to the adrenal gland. The immunohistochemical examination showed that the tumor cells were diffusely positive for CD34, bcl-2 and vimentin. According to these findings, we diagnosed SFT arising from the retroperitoneum. At 5 years follow up she had no evidence of local recurrence and no distant metastasis.

  19. A congenital true teratoma with cleft lip, palate, and columellar sinus.

    PubMed

    Işken, Tonguç; Alagöz, M Sahin; Günlemez, Ayla; Unal, Ciğdem; Sen, Cenk; Onyedi, Murat; Işil, Eda; Izmirli, Hakki; Yücel, Ergin

    2007-09-01

    Teratomas, the most common extragonadal germ cell tumor of childhood, involve at least two of the ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal layers. Of the teratomas seen in the first 2 months of life, 82% are sacrococcygeal. The head and neck region is the second most common location for teratomas in early infancy, accounting for five (14%) of those cases. We describe a female neonate with a teratoma of the nasopharyngeal area, bilateral cleft palate/lip, and columellar sinus pathologies. The mass, which was 8 x 5 x 7 cm and soft in consistency, blocked the airway and prevented oral feeding. On macroscopic examination of the excised mass, there was a notable typical cilia arrangement and lower eyelid appearance. The patient, who was diagnosed with a well-differentiated teratoma after the pathologic examination, did not have any complications in the postoperative period.

  20. Retroperitoneal Laparoscopic Pyelolithotomy in an Ectopic Pelvic Kidney

    PubMed Central

    Cirakoglu, Abdullah; Ozer, Serafettin

    2012-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyelolithotomy was performed in an ectopic pelvic kidney with renal pelvis calculi. Methods and Results: Laparoscopic pyelolithotomy was successfully performed in an ectopic pelvic kidney by using the retroperitoneal route. The total operation time was 130 minutes, and the estimated blood loss was <50mL. The patient was discharged on the second postoperative day without any complications. Conclusion: Laparoscopic pyelolithotomy is an effective treatment option for management of stones in the pelvis of an ectopic pelvic kidney. The retroperitoneal route may help to avoid intraoperative and postoperative complications. PMID:23477189

  1. Large Mature Cystic Teratoma of the Third Ventricle in Infancy: A Case Report and Review of Literatures

    PubMed Central

    Ha, Byeong Jin; Cheong, Jin Hwan

    2016-01-01

    Teratomas of the central nervous system are rare and are frequently found in children and young adults. Cystic teratomas found in infancy is a well-recognized but infrequent entity. Intracranial teratomas,like teratomas in general, tend to arise from midline structures such as the pineal gland, but has rarely been found in the third ventricle. We report a rare case of a 6-month-old infant with a mature cystic teratoma of the third ventricle with a review of literatures PMID:27195263

  2. Surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneal spaces, Part III: Retroperitoneal blood vessels and lymphatics.

    PubMed

    Mirilas, Petros; Skandalakis, John E

    2010-02-01

    In this article, we discuss the surgical anatomy of the blood vessels and the lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes found in the retroperitoneum. Retroperitoneal blood vessels include the aorta and all its branches--parietal and visceral--from the diaphragm to the pelvis, and the inferior vena cava and its tributaries. The retroperitoneal lymphatics form a very rich and extensive chain. As a general rule, lymphatics follow the arteries and named lymph nodes are found at the root of the arteries. Retroperitoneal nodes of the abdomen comprise the inferior diaphragmatic nodes and the lumbar nodes. The latter are classified as left lumbar (aortic), intermediate (interaorticovenous), and right lumbar (caval). These nodes surround the aorta and the inferior vena cava. Around the aorta lie the paraortic nodes, preaortic nodes (include celiac, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric nodes collecting lymph from the splanchna supplied by the homonymous arteries), and retroaortic nodes. Similarly, around the vena cava lie the paracaval, precaval, and retrocaval nodes. Pelvic nodes include the common iliac, external and internal iliac, obturator, and sacral nodes.

  3. Intractable yawning associated with mature teratoma of the supramedial cerebellum.

    PubMed

    Saura, Hiroaki; Beppu, Takaaki; Matsuura, Hideki; Asahi, Shigeki; Uesugi, Noriyuki; Sasaki, Makoto; Ogasawara, Kuniaki

    2014-08-01

    Yawning occurs in various conditions such as hypoxia, epilepsy, and sleep disorders including sleep apnea. Intractable yawning associated with a brain tumor has been rarely reported. A 19-year-old woman presented with intractable yawning. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a tumor in the supramedial cerebellum that compressed the dorsal side of the midbrain and upper pons. After subtotal removal of the tumor, the yawning completely disappeared. Postoperative MRI showed resolution of compression of the brainstem. The tumor was histologically diagnosed as a mature teratoma. The present case suggested that the intractable yawning resulted from the tumor compressing the dorsal side of the junction between the midbrain and pons.

  4. A Massive Intratumoral Aneurysmal Vessel in a Retroperitoneal Lipoblastoma.

    PubMed

    Moon, Suk-Bae

    2015-12-01

    Lipoblastoma is a benign tumor and usually does not require radical operation for complete excision. We describe here a case of a retroperitoneal lipoblastoma with a massive intratumoral aneurysmal vessel.

  5. Vascular stenosis with retroperitoneal rhabdomyosarcoma in a child: Case report

    SciTech Connect

    Bakody, P.J.; Stanley, P.

    1983-08-01

    Discovery on angiography of arterial stenosis in an 11-month-old girl with a retroperitoneal mass led to a preoperative diagnosis of neuroblastoma. Surgery revealed a rhabdomyosarcoma. The arteriographic appearance in both tumors may be identical.

  6. Hemoperitoneum in a peritoneal dialysis patient from a retroperitoneal source.

    PubMed

    Balsera, Cristina; Guest, Steven

    2013-01-01

    Hemoperitoneum in peritoneal dialysis patients is a known but infrequent complication. Hemoperitoneum is more frequent in women because of its association with a variety of gynecologic presentations such as reflux menstruation, ovulation, endometrial tissue implants within the peritoneal cavity (endometriosis), and bleeding follicular cysts. Other intraperitoneal causes of hemoperitoneum include minor catheter or abdominal trauma, vascular anomalies, or hepatic or splenic cysts. Less frequently encountered is a presentation of hemoperitoneum from a retroperitoneal source. These presentations result either from peritoneal inflammation and subsequent peritoneal bleeding or retroperitoneal cavity pathology rupturing into the peritoneal cavity. Here, we present the case of a peritoneal dialysis patient presenting with hemoperitoneum several days after undergoing cardiac catheterization. The catheterization was complicated by a large retroperitoneal hematoma. Details of the case are reported, and other retroperitoneal causes of hemoperitoneum are reviewed.

  7. A patient with combined mediastinal, mesenteric and retroperitoneal fibrosis.

    PubMed

    Graal, M B; Lustermans, F A

    1994-06-01

    We report a patient with combined mediastinal, mesenteric and retroperitoneal fibrosis who first presented with signs of a superior vena cava syndrome. She was successfully treated with corticosteroids. The aetiology, clinical picture, and possible therapy of idiopathic fibrosclerosis are discussed.

  8. [A case of retroperitoneal schwannoma of the vagus nerve].

    PubMed

    Yoo, Byoung Kwan; Yoo, Kyo Sang; Park, Chul Sung; Lee, Jung Wha; Yoo, Ji Youn; Moon, Joon Ho; Jung, Jae One; Kim, Jong Pyo; Kim, Kyoung Oh; Park, Cheol Hee; Hahn, Tae Ho; Park, Sang Hoon; Kim, Jong Hyeok; Min, Soo Kee; Yang, Dae Hyun; Park, Choong Kee

    2005-10-01

    Schwannomas are benign nerve sheath tumors that originate from any anatomical site. Most schwannomas occur in the head, neck or limbs, but rarely occur in the retroperitoneal space. Furthermore, the schwannoma originating from the vagus nerve of retroperitoneal space is much rare. We experienced a case of retroperitoneal schwannoma of the vagus nerve. A 34-year-old male was referred to our hospital for the evaluation of abdominal mass on ultrasonography. Endoscopic examination revealed submucosal tumor-like lesion on high body of the stomach. Computed tomography (CT) revealed that the stomach was compressed by a solid tumor in the retroperitoneum. On exploratory laparotomy, this mass turned out to be a baseball sized mass in the retroperitoneal space. The mass was excised in an encapsulated state. Histological examination with immunohistochemical stains revealed a schwannoma of the vagus nerve.

  9. [Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma. Preoperative diagnosis. Apropos of a case].

    PubMed

    Guérin, E; Babin, C; Moulle, P; Barret, F

    1987-11-01

    Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma is an uncommon tumor. One case is reported, with surgical confirmation. Authors point out the diagnostic value of ultrasonography and computed tomography in the pre-operative diagnosis.

  10. [A case of retroperitoneal serous cyst with ossification].

    PubMed

    Chihara, Yoshitomo; Horikawa, Naoki; Hayashi, Yoshiki; Fujimoto, Kiyohide; Hosokawa, Yukinari; Hirao, Yoshihiko

    2002-05-01

    A 36-year-old woman came to our hospital complaining of right flank pain. Computed tomographic (CT) scanning showed a cystic mass, 6 x 9 cm in size, including homogeneous low-density fluid contents, in the right retroperitoneal space. The cyst wall showed partly high-density epithelium, but there was no contrast enhancement. A 7.5 x 12 cm retroperitoneal cyst was easily removed with yellow serous fluid in it. Cytological examination showed no malignant cells in this fluid. The origin of the cyst was unknown. The histopathological diagnosis was retroperitoneal serous cyst with focal ossification in the lining epithelium. Here we report this rare case of retroperitoneal serous cyst and briefly discuss 57 cases reported in Japan.

  11. Retroperitoneal gastric duplication cyst: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Pachl, Max; Patel, Kamlesh; Bowen, Claire; Parikh, Dakshesh

    2012-01-01

    A rare case of retroperitoneal gastric duplication is reported and discussed. An intra-abdominal cyst was detected at 31 weeks gestation and was followed up prenatally as a left sided duplex kidney. Post-natal ultrasound however, showed a normal kidney, but a cyst with features of enteric duplication in the left upper quadrant adjacent and compressing the kidney. Surgery was carried out during infancy and a retroperitoneal cyst was excised that contained heterotrophic gastric mucosa.

  12. Adrenal and pancreatic presentation of subdiaphragmatic retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts.

    PubMed

    El Youssef, Raphael; Fleseriu, Maria; Sheppard, Brett C

    2010-03-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are aberrations of normal development throughout the embryonic foregut; abdominal or retroperitoneal presentations are rare. They will often present a diagnostic dilemma because their appearance can mimic other, more common diagnoses. The initial work-up, differential diagnosis, management, and follow-up may present clinical challenges. We present 1 case of an adrenal lesion and 1 case of a pancreatic lesion that were revealed to be retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts after surgical extirpation.

  13. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst masquerading clinically and radiologically as a phaeochromocytoma.

    PubMed

    Doggett, R S; Carty, S E; Clarke, M R

    1997-07-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are relatively rare congenital anomalies that represent malformations of the embryonic foregut and are morphologically expressed as maldevelopments of the respiratory system. Anatomically, they can be positioned at any location along the central axis of the respiratory system, but are more commonly discovered in the thorax. Infradiaphragmatic bronchogenic cysts are rare and retroperitoneal ones distinctly unusual. We report a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst clinically masquerading as a phaeochromocytoma.

  14. Developmental retroperitoneal cysts of the pelvis. A review.

    PubMed

    Ravo, B; Metwally, N; Pai, P B; Ger, R

    1987-07-01

    Retroperitoneal cysts have been classified into traumatic, infective, degenerative, neoplastic, and developmental, according to their origin. This paper focuses on the developmental variety of retroperitoneal pelvic cysts, particularly those of mesothelial, mesonephric, or paramesonephric origin. Their clinical presentations depend on their location; they may be mesenteric, parovarian, or vaginal. The pathogenesis and embryologic, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects are reviewed and a case report is presented.

  15. Chronic Low Back Pain due to Retroperitoneal Cystic Lymphangioma.

    PubMed

    Fattahi, Asieh Sadat; Maddah, Godratollah; Motamedolshariati, Mohammad; Ghiasi-Moghadam, Taghi

    2014-03-01

    Abdominal cystic lymphangioma is a rare benign neoplasm. Less than 1% of lymphangiomas is in the retroperitoneum. Lymphangioma is mostly asymptomatic. Chronic symptoms were reported in retroperitoneal type more than others. Acute symptoms due to complications like infection, cyst rupture or hemorrhage may occur. We report an 18-years-old girl with low back pain from 6 months ago with huge pelvic mass and diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma.

  16. Measurement of Visceral Fat: Should We Include Retroperitoneal Fat?

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Chung-Yi; Hsieh, Hung-Ren; Ma, Wen-Ya; Lin, Mao-Shin; Liu, Pi-Hua; Shih, Shyang-Rong; Liou, Jyh-Ming; Chuang, Lee-Ming; Chen, Ming-Fong; Lin, Jou-Wei; Wei, Jung-Nan; Li, Hung-Yuan

    2014-01-01

    Objective Whether retroperitoneal fat should be included in the measurement of visceral fat remains controversial. We compared the relationships of fat areas in peritoneal, retroperitoneal, and subcutaneous compartments to metabolic syndrome, adipokines, and incident hypertension and diabetes. Methods We enrolled 432 adult participants (153 men and 279 women) in a community-based cohort study. Computed tomography at the umbilicus level was used to measure the fat areas. Results Retroperitoneal fat correlated significantly with metabolic syndrome (adjusted odds ratio (OR), 5.651, p<0.05) and the number of metabolic abnormalities (p<0.05). Retroperitoneal fat area was significantly associated with blood pressure, plasma glycemic indices, lipid profile, C-reactive protein, adiponectin (r = −0.244, P<0.05), and leptin (r = 0.323, p<0.05), but not plasma renin or aldosterone concentrations. During the 2.94±0.84 years of follow-up, 32 participants developed incident hypertension. Retroperitoneal fat area (hazard ration (HR) 1.62, p = 0.003) and peritoneal fat area (HR 1.62, p = 0.009), but not subcutaneous fat area (p = 0.14) were associated with incident hypertension. Neither retroperitoneal fat area, peritoneal fat area, nor subcutaneous fat areas was associated with incident diabetes after adjustment. Conclusions Retroperitoneal fat is similar to peritoneal fat, but differs from subcutaneous fat, in terms of its relationship with metabolic syndrome and incident hypertension. Retroperitoneal fat area should be included in the measurement of visceral fat for cardio-metabolic studies in human. PMID:25401949

  17. An unusual presentation of a retroperitoneal cyst.

    PubMed

    Sarkar, Debashis; Gulur, Dev; Patel, Snehal; Nambirajan, Thiagarajan

    2014-01-01

    A 34-year-old woman presented to the surgical assessment unit with severe right loin to groin pain. An ultrasound scan of the abdomen revealed a complex cyst in the right iliac fossa and a subsequent CT scan revealed a 7.5 cm retroperitoneal cystic lesion below the lower pole of the right kidney. The patient also had MRI of the kidneys, which confirmed the finding. The image showed the cyst was not attached to the kidneys and was clearly separate. She underwent a laparoscopic excision of the cyst. Histopathology revealed a cyst lined by a single layer of mucinous epithelium of endocervical type with foci of calcification and hyalinisation on the wall. The cyst was thought to be a benign cyst of Mullerian origin.

  18. [Retroperitoneal hydatidosis secondary to hepatic hydatid cyst].

    PubMed

    Vizcaychipi, Katherina A; Sosa, Sonia; Camicia, Federico; Santillán, Graciela; Casalins, María; Nigro, María Del Carmen

    2012-01-01

    Hydatid disease is a worldwide zoonosis. It is caused by a parasitic platyhelminth of the genus Echinococcus. We present a patient with a fluctuating lumbar tumor in the retroperitoneal space, secondary to a hepatic cyst. the initial diagnosis was made by identification of rostellar hooks from protoscoleces in the fluid aspirated from the abscess. We herein describe the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment of this unusual case and conclude that the development of an accurate diagnosis requires a proper analysis of the patient's epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, imaging studies and laboratory tests. a multidisciplinary approach and differential diagnosis is paramount to be able to establish a cause of the disease to deliver appropriate treatment.

  19. Retroperitoneal Bronchogenic Cyst Originating from Diaphragmatic Crura.

    PubMed

    Herek, Duygu; Erbiş, Halil; Kocyigit, Ali; Yagci, Ahmet Baki

    2015-12-01

    Bronchogenic cyst is a benign lesion which is commonly seen in the posterior mediastinum. Diaphragmatic origin in retroperitoneum is an unusual location for a bronchogenic cyst. Cross-sectional imaging modalities describe the origin and content of the cyst evidently. Magnetic resonance (MR) images of a 42-year-old male patient who attended ER with back pain revealed a huge retroperitoneal complicated bronchogenic cyst arising from the diaphragm and surrounding the abdominal aorta anteriorly. Bronchogenic cysts in the retroperitoneum rarely originate from the diaphragm and should be kept in mind in the differential diagnoses of abdominal cystic lesions. MR imaging (MRI) is superior to other imaging techniques such as computerized tomography (CT) in detecting the origin and content of these cystic lesions.

  20. An unusual presentation of a retroperitoneal cyst

    PubMed Central

    Sarkar, Debashis; Gulur, Dev; Patel, Snehal; Nambirajan, Thiagarajan

    2014-01-01

    A 34-year-old woman presented to the surgical assessment unit with severe right loin to groin pain. An ultrasound scan of the abdomen revealed a complex cyst in the right iliac fossa and a subsequent CT scan revealed a 7.5 cm retroperitoneal cystic lesion below the lower pole of the right kidney. The patient also had MRI of the kidneys, which confirmed the finding. The image showed the cyst was not attached to the kidneys and was clearly separate. She underwent a laparoscopic excision of the cyst. Histopathology revealed a cyst lined by a single layer of mucinous epithelium of endocervical type with foci of calcification and hyalinisation on the wall. The cyst was thought to be a benign cyst of Mullerian origin. PMID:25368127

  1. Retroperitoneoscopic resection of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts.

    PubMed

    McCrystal, David J; Borzi, Peter A J

    2002-09-01

    Two children aged 8 and 15 years underwent excision of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts (RBC) via a posterior retroperitoneoscopic approach (RPA). The operative technique and efficacy of this approach are reviewed. One lesion was symptomatic, while the other was an incidental finding on abdominal ultrasound. Operating times were 45 and 55 min. One patient was discharged on the day of surgery, the other on the 1st postoperative day. Both returned to normal physical activities within 1 week of surgery. No complication occurred in either case. To our knowledge, this is the first description in the literature of excision of this rare lesion via a RPA. We conclude that this is a safe method for resection of RBCs that offers several potential advantages compared with the open technique.

  2. Laparoscopic observation of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma.

    PubMed

    Takeuchi, Y; Fujinami, S; Kitagawa, S; Shiro, T; Fujii, T; Fukui, Y; Kawashima, Y; Kubota, Y; Shiozaki, Y; Inoue, K

    1994-01-01

    A case of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma observed laparoscopically is reported. In a 60 year old asymptomatic male patient, an 8 cm multi-loculated cystic lesion was detected incidentally near the splenic hilum with ultrasonography. Endosonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed the lesion with thin wall and clear fluid. Laparoscopy showed a thin-walled cyst with smooth surface, and straw-coloured clear fluid was observed through the wall. These findings suggested benign aetiology, and seemed to be characteristic of cystic lymphangioma. The tumour was resected, and microscopic examination showed proliferated lymph channels intespersed by lymph follicles. Diagnosis of cystic lymphangioma was established. Laparoscopy seems a useful pre-operative method.

  3. Retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma without histological atypias.

    PubMed

    Laky, D; Penciu, M; Rădulescu, D

    1993-01-01

    A case of a 36-year-old woman suspected of hepatic hydatid cyst with dyseptic symptoms, hepatomegalia, profound pains in the right hypochondrium is presented. During the operation a 15/12/17 cm well-incapsulated tumour is extirpated. The tumour stretched from the upper right renal pole behind the right hepatic lobe as far as the diaphragm and while sectioning it was grey and orange. Histopathologically we found a fibrous histiocytoma with zones of storiform fascicular pattern alternating with areas of histocytic cells with vacuolar-foamy cytoplasm, rich in lipids and without atypias or mitoses. We report the frequency, histological aspects of the fibrous histiocytomas as well as some particularities of their retroperitoneal location.

  4. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report.

    PubMed

    Ingu, Akira; Watanabe, Atsushi; Ichimiya, Yasunori; Saito, Tatsuya; Abe, Tomio

    2002-04-01

    A 46-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of progressive left-arm numbness. A cyst below the left hemidiaphragm was discovered incidentally when a CT scan was performed to examine the thymus for a suspected tumor. A thymic mass was found. MRI indicated that the cyst contained proteinaceous fluid. The thymoma was approached through a median sternotomy and resected, but the cyst was found to be infradiaphragmatic. A separate, left paraspinal incision was made to access the retroperitoneum, and the cyst was resected. Histologic examination showed that the cyst was bronchogenic in origin. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts are very rare, and only four cases have been reported in the English-language literature.

  5. Contemporary Management of Retroperitoneal Soft Tissue Sarcomas.

    PubMed

    Olimpiadi, Yuliya; Song, Suisui; Hu, James S; Matcuk, George R; Chopra, Shefali; Eisenberg, Burton L; Sener, Stephen F; Tseng, William W

    2015-08-01

    Management of retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcomas (RP STS) can be very challenging. In contrast to the more common extremity STS, the two predominant histologic subtypes encountered in the retroperitoneum are well-differentiated/dedifferentiated liposarcoma and leiomyosarcoma. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment for RP STS. Preoperative planning and anticipation of the need for resection of adjacent organs/structures are critical. The extent of surgery, including the role of compartmental resection, is still controversial. Radiation therapy may be an important adjunct to surgery to provide locoregional disease control; this is currently being evaluated in the preoperative setting in the EORTC STRASS trial. Systemic therapy, tailored to the specific histologic subtype, may also be of benefit for the management of RP STS. Further investigation of novel therapies (e.g., targeted therapies, immunotherapy) is needed. Overall, multi-institutional collaboration is important moving forward, to continue to better understand and optimize management of this disease.

  6. Ovarian Mature Cystic Teratoma: Challenges of Surgical Management.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Abha; Ewies, Ayman A A

    2016-01-01

    Although ovarian mature cystic teratomas are the commonest adnexal masses occurring in premenopausal women, there are many challenges faced by gynecologists on deciding upon the best surgical management. There is uncertainty, lack of consensus, and variation in surgical practices. This paper critically analyzes various surgical approaches and techniques used to treat these cysts in an attempt to outline a unified guidance. MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched in January 2015 with no date limit using the key words "ovarian teratoma" and "ovarian dermoid." The search was limited to articles in English language, humans, and female. The two authors conducted the search independently. The laparoscopic approach is generally considered to be the gold standard for the management. Oophorectomy should be the standard operation except in younger women with a single small cyst. The risk of chemical peritonitis after contents spillage is extremely rare and can certainly be overcome with thorough peritoneal lavage using warmed fluid. There is a place for surveillance in some selected cases. PMID:27110246

  7. Multi-stage resection and repair for the treatment of adult giant sacrococcygeal teratoma: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    SHENG, QIN-SONG; XU, XIANG-MING; CHENG, XIAO-BIN; WANG, WEI-BING; CHEN, WEN-BIN; LIN, JIAN-JIANG; XU, JIA-HE

    2015-01-01

    Sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) is a sacrococcygeal neoplasm derived from more than one primitive germ layer and is only occasionally encountered in adults. The primary treatment for all primary SCTs is surgical excision. The present study reports the case of a giant SCT in a middle-aged female with a history lasting >3 decades. Multi-staged surgical treatment was performed, including ileostomy plus tumor excision, four debridement plus flap repair procedures, and closure of the ileostomy. Follow-up showed improved quality of life without evidence of local recurrence after resection. The study also presents a brief overview of the relevant literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of multi-staged surgical treatment for giant SCT in an adult patient. PMID:26171044

  8. Paraneoplastic syndromes revealing ovarian teratoma in young and menopausal women: report of two cases

    PubMed Central

    Boujoual, Majdouline; Hakimi, Ihsan; Kassidi, Farid; Akhoudad, Youssef; Sahel, Nawal; Rkiouak, Adil; Allaoui, Mohamed; Chahdi, Hafsa; Oukabli, Mohamed; Kouach, Jaouad; Moussaoui, Driss Rahali; Dehayni, Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    Paraneoplastic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of clinical and biological manifestations caused by underling neoplasms. They can reveal ovarian teratoma which express neuroendocrine proteins, or contain mature or immature neural tissue inducing an autoimmune response. The etiological investigation is then crucial to early identification of the tumor in order to optimize the prognosis and to limit neurological sequelae. In case of ovarian teratoma, management is essentially based on surgical resection sometimes associated with immunotherapie. We report two new cases of ovarian teratoma revealed by paraneoplastic syndromes in young and menopausal woman. PMID:27795759

  9. Spontaneous regression of a cystic retroperitoneal tumour in young women postpartum. Report of two cases.

    PubMed

    de Zeeuw, Sharonne; Schouten van der Velden, Arjan P; Eggink, Alex J; Strijk, Simon; Wobbes, Theo

    2011-01-01

    Retroperitoneal cystic tumours are rarely found, and of these, the most common lesion is a cystic lymphangioma. We present two postpartum patients with a cystic retroperitoneal tumour which showed spontaneous regression and a review of the literature.

  10. Oral Teratoma with a Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor Component: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Tayaar, Amsavardani; Adirajaiah, Sahana; Kulandswamy, Gopalkrishnan

    2011-01-01

    Teratomas are tumors of germ cell derivation consist of tissues derived from all the three germ cell layers. They comprise the most common extragonadal germ cell tumors (EGCT) in childhood. EGCTs of head and neck region account for only 5% of all benign and malignant germ cell tumors and for 6% of all teratomas. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) arising from germ cell tumor is a distinct entity. It develops from the malignant transformation of teratomas along ectodermal lines. This paper presents a rare case of oral teratoma in a 6-year-old male who reported with pain and swelling in the right upper back teeth region of jaw. Under light microscopy, mature and immature structures representatives of trilineage derivatives were appreciated. Sheets of small round cells showing vague rosette and membranous positivity to CD-99 directed us to consider the above diagnosis.

  11. Situs inversus totalis with a mature teratoma of the posterior mediastinum: A case report

    PubMed Central

    QI, YU; ZHANG, CHUNYANG; LIU, DONGLEI; YANG, YANG; ZHAO, SONG

    2016-01-01

    Situs inversus totalis is an unusual disease with a low incidence. The co-existence of situs inversus totalis with a teratoma is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, there is no data on the association between situs inversus totalis and teratoma in the literature. The present study therefore describes the first such case in a 23-year-old female. The patient presented with intermittent chest tightness, which had lasted for ~3 years. Following radiological examination, the patient was diagnosed with situs inversus totalis and a mature teratoma in the posterior mediastinum. Surgical resection was performed to remove the teratoma and the patient subsequently made a full recovery. Follow-up X-ray and computed tomography examinations were performed 6 months after surgery, which revealed no disease recurrence. PMID:26893706

  12. Cloacal Exstrophy with Mature Teratoma: A Rare Association in a Neonate

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Prashant Sadashiv; Kothari, Paras; Gupta, Abhaya; Gupta, Rahul; kekre, Geeta; Dikshit, Vishesh; Kamble, Ravi

    2016-01-01

    Cloacal exstrophy is a very rare and complex malformation. We report a neonate of cloacal exstrophy with mature teratoma presenting as a component of exstrophy. To our knowledge this has not been reported in the literature. PMID:27123401

  13. Benign cystic teratoma of the parotid salivary gland: report of the first case in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Ayudhya, N S; Parichatikanond, P; Chinda, K

    1991-10-01

    An extremely rare case of benign cystic teratoma of the parotid salivary gland is presented with a review of the literature. It was found in a 35-year-old Thai woman farmer who had had a history of a movable mass at the left parotid gland region for about 20 years. The microscopic examination revealed benign cystic teratoma of the parotid salivary gland. There is only one reported case in the literature, so, this is the second reported case.

  14. Retroperitoneal robotic renal surgery: technique and early results.

    PubMed

    Patel, Manish N; Kaul, Sanjeev A; Laungani, Rajesh; Eun, Daniel; Bhandari, Mahendra; Menon, Mani; Rogers, Craig G

    2009-03-01

    We describe a robotic retroperitoneal approach to renal surgery, optimized in porcine and cadaveric models, and applied to human patients. A retroperitoneal approach for robotic kidney surgery was developed in nonsurvival porcine and a fresh cadaver models, and then utilized in ten patients (three partial nephrectomy, three radical nephrectomy, two simple nephrectomy, one pyeloplasty, one cryoablation). Retroperitoneal access was successfully achieved for robotic renal procedures in six pigs and a human cadaver. Ten human patients (mean age 56 years, range 36-72 years) then underwent a successful retroperitoneal approach for robotic renal surgery. Mean console time was 166 (120-300) min. Mean blood loss was 82 (50-100) ml and average hospital stay was 2.6 (1-5) days. Pathology demonstrated clear cell renal cell carcinoma (four), papillary renal cell carcinoma (two), and xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (two). One patient with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis required open conversion for failure to progress due to dense adhesions. A retroperitoneal approach is a safe and feasible alternative to a transperitoneal approach for robotic renal surgery, including radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, pyeloplasty, and cryoablation. PMID:27628446

  15. Retroperitoneal Pyelolithotomy for Management of Renal Calculi

    PubMed Central

    Suryavanshi, Manav; Lal, Pawan; Singh, Lakvinder; Ramteke, V. K.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: We evaluated the role of retroperitoneoscopic pyelolithotomy in the management of renal calculi. Methods: Fifty-six cases (male, 27; female, 29) of solitary or multiple renal calculi were evaluated in the study. There were 46 patients with a single calculus, 4 patients with a staghorn calculus, and 6 with a caliceal calculus. Retroperitoneoscopic pyelolithotomy was carried out after creating a retroperitoneal space with the balloon dissection method. Pneumoretroperitoneum was maintained by carbon dioxide insufflation. Results: Stone clearance was achieved in all cases barring 2 cases of caliceal calculi that were converted to the open procedure. The postoperative hospital stay averaged 4 days. Patients were ambulatory within 24 hours and back to work within 7 days on average. Complications encountered were peritoneal rent, subcutaneous emphysema, and superficial wound infection. The postoperative analgesic requirement averaged 100 mg of diclofenac (2 tablets). Conclusions: Retroperitoneoscopic pyelolithotomy is a safe, simple, and effective minimally invasive procedure and is a feasible option that can be recommended for management of renal calculi. PMID:15791981

  16. [Giant retroperitoneal cystic mass: appendiceal mucocele].

    PubMed

    Rodríguez Alonso, A; Suárez Pascual, G; Bonelli Martín, C; González Blanco, A; Lorenzo Franco, J; Cuerpo Pérez, M A; Nogueira Carballedo, C; Alvarez Fernández, J C; Nieto García, J

    2004-04-01

    Appendiceal mucocele is a term used to describe the dilatation of the vermiform appendix produced by an intraluminal accumulation of mucus. Four pathological processes have been described that may lead to an appendiceal mucocele: obturation of cecoappendiceal communication, mucosal hyperplasia, mucinous cystadenoma and mucinous cystoadenocarcinoma. The most frequent is mucinous cystadenoma, seen in 50% of appendiceal mucoceles. 6% of patients with appendiceal mucocele develop peritoneal pseudomixoma, possibly through dissemination of the epithelial cells into the abdominal cavity. Preoperative diagnosis of the lesion is particularly important in order to deal with it carefully during surgery. CT scan is the most precise radiological exploration, although there are no pathognomonic signs of mucocele. Typical CT finding of a mucocele is a well-defined cystic mass that compresses the cecum without any peripheral inflammatory reaction, and with low levels of attenuation that vary between water and soft tissue density. We present a case of an appendiceal mucocele caused by a mucinous cystadenoma clinically presented as a giant retroperitoneal mass. Diagnosis was postoperatively made, after pathological study of the surgical sample.

  17. Intracranial growing teratoma syndrome: clinical characteristics and treatment strategy.

    PubMed

    Kim, Chae-Yong; Choi, Jung-Won; Lee, Ji Yeon; Kim, Seung-Ki; Wang, Kyu-Chang; Park, Sung-Hye; Choe, Gheeyoung; Ahn, Hyo Seop; Kim, Il-Han; Cho, Byung-Kyu

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluated the clinical and radiological characteristics, as well as the treatment outcomes, for the rare phenomenon known as intracranial growing teratoma syndrome (iGTS). One hundred seventy patients diagnosed with intracranial germ cell tumours (GCT) between 1997 and 2008 were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. Thorough reviews of medical records, brain magnetic resonance images (MRI), pathological findings and tumour markers [alpha-fetoprotein (αFP) and beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (βHCG)] were performed to identify the incidence of iGTS cases and to clarify their clinical characteristics. Eleven out of the 170 intracranial GCT patients (6.5%) were identified as having iGTS. All instances of iGTS originated from non-germinomatous GCT (NGGCT), with incidence rate of 21% (11/52). Six iGTS cases developed from mixed GCTs, four from immature teratomas (ITs) and one from yolk sac tumour. All 11 iGTS patients showed honeycomb-shaped multi-cystic growth patterns on MRI, which is a typical characteristic of iGTS. Surgical excision was performed in all patients, and complete excision was possible in nine patients. Eight of them are alive with no evidence of recurrence; however, two patients who had residual masses died owing to progression of iGTS. Early recognition and suspicion of iGTS, during or after adjuvant therapy of NGGCT, is crucial to ensure that surgical intervention can be performed in a timely manner. Early radical excision may be the treatment of choice for better iGTS prognosis. PMID:20532955

  18. A Case of Extragonadal Teratoma in the Pouch of Douglas and Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Kakuda, Mamoru; Matsuzaki, Shinya; Kobayashi, Eiji; Yoshino, Kiyoshi; Morii, Eiichi; Kimura, Tadashi

    2015-01-01

    Mature cystic teratoma is a germ cell tumor of the ovaries and is often observed in clinical practice. However, extragonadal teratomas are rare tumors and have been reported outside the ovaries, (e.g., in the greater omentum). The mechanism underlying the development of extragonadal teratomas remains unknown. We encountered a case of extragonadal teratoma in the pouch of Douglas that appeared to be a parasitic dermoid cyst. From our experience and the literature review, we discuss the potential mechanism leading to the development of extragonadal teratomas. A 41-year-old nonpregnant woman was referred to our department due to myoma and anemia. A 4-cm asymptomatic mass in the pouch of Douglas was observed, and the patient was diagnosed with ovarian mature cystic teratoma. She underwent laparoscopic surgery, and intraoperative findings revealed that the fallopian tube was injured and torn, and a residual small ovary was observed in the left side of the ovary. A tumor measuring approximately 4 cm observed in the pouch of Douglas was extracted without rupturing. The tumor was diagnosed as a parasitic dermoid cyst by macroscopic and histopathological findings. Auto-amputation could be the underlying mechanism that leads to an isolated parasitic dermoid cyst in the pouch of Douglas.

  19. The distinction of bronchogenic cyst from metastatic testicular teratoma: a light microscopic and immunohistochemical study.

    PubMed

    Roma, Andres; Varsegi, Mary; Magi-Galluzzi, Cristina; Ulbright, Thomas; Zhou, Ming

    2008-08-01

    Bronchogenic cyst (BC), a rare developmental abnormality of the primitive foregut and usually found above the diaphragm, can occur in the retroperitoneum and other unusual locations where distinction from metastatic teratoma is essential. We studied 22 BCs and 34 teratomas metastatic to the retroperitoneum in men. Of 22 BCs, 17 (77%) showed well or moderate architectural differentiation toward normal tracheobronchial structures, whereas none of the teratomas did. In addition, 20 (91%) of the BCs had respiratory-type epithelium and none had enteric-type epithelium. Immature elements, atypia, and tumor necrosis were absent in BCs. All BCs expressed cytokeratin (CK) 7, and none expressed CDX-2 in immunohistochemical analysis. Teratomas had mixed enteric and respiratory-type epithelium. The majority of the glands were positive for CK7 (33 [97%]), CK20 (34 [100%]), CDX-2 (34 [100%]), and thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1 (17 [50%]). Coexpression of CDX-2 and TTF-1 was found in 11 teratomas (32%) but none of the BCs. BCs can be reliably distinguished from teratomas based on the gross, histologic, and immunohistochemical features.

  20. Oligodendroglioma arising in a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in a child.

    PubMed

    Büyükka Bay, Sema; Corapcioglu, Funda; Kavurt, Sumru; Müezzinoğlu, Bahar; Anik, Yonca; Tugay, Melih

    2010-11-01

    In childhood mature cystic teratomas are the most common type of ovarian germ cell tumors. Tumors of neuroepithelial origin are extremely rare in mature teratomas. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report oligodendroglioma arising in a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in children. A 13-year-old girl presented with a history of pelvic pain for 2 months. An ultrasound examination showed a monolateral multicystic, calcific ovarian mass, measuring approximately 6 x 5 cm, arising in the left over and adnexia, suggesting a teratoma. An exploratorative laparotomy and ooferectomy were performed. On histopatological examination, various samples from cystic areas had mature tissues from all 3 germ cell layers, including skin, bone, bronchial structures, and cerebellum. Sections from solid areas showed uniform population of monotonous, rounded cells with indistinct cytoplasm and having perinuclear halo (fried-egg appearance) on a fibrillary, neuropilic background. Microcalcifications as calcospherites were noted in the stroma. Based on the typical morphological features, the cased was diagnosed as mature cystic teratoma with low-grade oligodendroglioma. To the authors' knowledge, there are a few reports in the literature of an oligodendroglioma arising in an ovarian teratoma in adults and this presented patient is the first case in childhood.

  1. Laparotomized Direct Puncture for Embolization of a Retroperitoneal Arteriovenous Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Inagawa, Shoichi; Unno, Naoki; Yamashita, Shuhei; Tanaka, Hiroki; Sakahara, Harumi

    2010-02-15

    A 28-year-old woman was referred to our institution with hope for another child after having an abortion several months previously to avoid a potential risk of catastrophic hemorrhage from a retroperitoneal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with enlarged and twisted draining veins in the pelvis. Multiple branches coming from the right lumbar arteries and the right iliac arteries fed fistulae converging on an enlarged venous pouch anterior to the psoas major muscle in the right retroperitoneal space. It seemed impossible to achieve complete occlusion of the lesion in a single session by either transarterial or transvenous approach. A laparotomy and direct puncture of the enlarged draining vein immediately downstream of the venous pouch was performed and embolization was done with n-butyl cyanoacrylate and the aid of coils. Complete occlusion of the retroperitoneal AVF was achieved and confirmed in control angiography 5 months later.

  2. [Retroperitoneal diseases and geriatric-gynecologic laparatomy (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Jaluvka, V

    1976-05-01

    24 cases are described in which retroperitoneal processes were operated on for primarily gynecologic reasons in women of at least 60 years of age. They include 6 sarcomas, 3 neurinomas, 1 cyst, 1 fibroma, 1 lipoma, 1 congenital sacciform kidney, 1 hydronephrosis, 3 pancreatic carcinomas, 2 renal carcinomas, 1 ureteral cyst and 4 metastases of various malignomas. These cases were gathered in 18 West Berlin Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology during a 10-year period. The post-operative mortality rate was 37.5% (9 deaths); this is probably due to the relatively low incidence of symptoms and signs associated with retroperitoneal diseases and their anatomical localization. Finally, new procedures for the diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors are indicated.

  3. Retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma can mimic a hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Erbay, Gurcan; Ulusan, Serife; Koc, Zafer; Canpolat, Emine Tuba; Calıskan, Kenan

    2011-01-01

    Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is the second most common soft-tissue sarcoma in adults. After the extremities, the retroperitoneal space is the second most common site of this tumor. A 50-year-old man presented with a right retroperitoneal, thick-walled, cystic multilocular mass measuring 10 × 10 cm that was thought to be a type CE 5 hydatid cyst preoperatively. However, the postoperative histopathology did not agree with the radiological findings and instead showed a malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The computed tomography and ultrasound/Doppler ultrasound findings of this retroperitoneal mass mimicked a type CE 5 hydatid cyst. We present this case because the surgical management of these two lesions differs and misdiagnosis can be problematic.

  4. Laparoscopic management of large retroperitoneal lymphoceles complicating aortic surgery.

    PubMed

    Blessios, G A; Rokkas, C K; Neulander, O; Panoussopoulos, D

    2002-01-01

    Retroperitoneal lymphocele is a rare but debilitating complication of aortic replacement with synthetic graft. The only effective treatment reported to date is surgical reexploration and ligation of leaking lymphatics. This report illustrates the successful management of two patients with large retroperitoneal lymphoceles formed after aortic surgery using laparoscopic techniques. The available literature is reviewed. Laparoscopic fenestration of the lymphocele and laparoscopically assisted ligation of the leaking lymphatics combined with internal drainage resulted in long-term relief of compression symptoms, as observed, respectively, over the 5-year and 3-month follow-up periods. Percutaneous catheter drainage before laparoscopic management was unsuccessful in both cases. In addition, the unique presentation of a large retroperitoneal lymphocele with intestinal obstruction is reported, and currently available treatment options are discussed.

  5. A retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking a pancreatic or adrenal mass.

    PubMed

    Runge, Tina; Blank, Annika; Schäfer, Stephan C; Candinas, Daniel; Gloor, Beat; Angst, Eliane

    2013-01-01

    Retroperitoneal location of bronchogenic cysts is extremely rare. Most commonly they are encountered in the posterior mediastinum. Bronchogenic cysts arise from developmental aberrations of the tracheobronchial tree in the early embryologic period. We report a 42-year-old female patient with a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in the left adrenal region. She was admitted to our hospital with epigastric pain and subsequently underwent CT of the abdomen. The examination revealed a mass related to the left adrenal gland. Endocrine tests for adrenal hypersecretion were negative. Because of the uncertain entity, laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed. Pathological examination revealed a bronchogenic cyst in proximity to an inconspicuous left adrenal gland. Although very rare, bronchogenic cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions and surgical resection pursued for symptom resolution and to establish a definitive histology.

  6. [Bronchogenic cyst as a rare differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumor].

    PubMed

    Wirbel, R J; Uhlig, U; Kiffner, E M; Berger, K

    1993-12-01

    A retroperitoneal tumor originating from a bronchogenic cyst is an extreme rarity. We report the sixth case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in an asymptomatic 38-year-old man who was initially admitted to hospital due to elective herniotomy of a right-sided inguinal hernia. Excluding symptomatic hernia by preoperative, routine-ultrasound we detected left-sided adrenal tumor mass. Computerized tomography and inconspicuous hormone-analysis completed preoperative evaluation. A tumor with 3 cm in diameter above the left adrenal gland, partly solid, partly cystic could be removed by laparotomy incision without complications. Final pathology confirmed diagnosis of a bronchogenic, dysontogenic cyst. Although rare, these cysts should be considered in differential-diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors.

  7. [A case of retroperitoneal serous cyst resected by laparoscopic surgery].

    PubMed

    Izaki, Hirofumi; Takahashi, Masayuki; Yuasa, Akihito; Fukawa, Tomoya; Koizumi, Takahiro; Yamaguchi, Kunihisa; Yamamoto, Yasuyo; Taue, Ryuichi; Nakatsuji, Hiroyoshi; Kishimoto, Tomoteru; Fukumori, Tomoharu; Kanayama, Hiro-Omi; Bando, Yoshimi; Kusuhara, Yoshito

    2009-11-01

    A 40-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of pain extending from the left lateral abdomen to the left inferior limb. The abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed an 8x7x12 cm retroperitoneal serous cystic mass. The serum carcinoembryogenic antigen (CEA) level was slightly elevated to 2.7 ng/ml. Therefore, we suspected it to be malignant, and we performed laparoscopic resection carefully. The retroperitoneal cyst was not adherent to the surrounding tissues and was easily dissected and removed under laparoscopy. Carbohydrale antigen (CA)19-9, CA125 and CEA levels in the fluid were elevated, but a cytology of the fluid was negative and no malignant sign was seen in the cyst wall. To our knowledge, this is the second reported case of retroperitoneal serous cyst resected by laparoscopic surgery in the Japanese literature.

  8. Spilled gallstones mimicking a retroperitoneal sarcoma following laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Kim, Bum-Soo; Joo, Sun-Hyung; Kim, Hyun-Cheol

    2016-05-01

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become a standard treatment of symptomatic gallstone disease. Although spilled gallstones are considered harmless, unretrieved gallstones can result in intra-abdominal abscess. We report a case of abscess formation due to spilled gallstones after laparoscopic cholecystectomy mimicking a retroperitoneal sarcoma on radiologic imaging. A 59-year-old male with a surgical history of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy complicated by gallstones spillage presented with a 1 mo history of constant right-sided abdominal pain and tenderness. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a retroperitoneal sarcoma at the sub-hepatic space. On open exploration a 5 cm × 5 cm retroperitoneal mass was excised. The mass contained purulent material and gallstones. Final pathology revealed abscess formation and foreign body granuloma. Vigilance concerning the possibility of lost gallstones during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is important. If possible, every spilled gallstone during surgery should be retrieved to prevent this rare complication. PMID:27158213

  9. A Retroperitoneal Bronchogenic Cyst Mimicking a Pancreatic or Adrenal Mass

    PubMed Central

    Runge, Tina; Blank, Annika; Schäfer, Stephan C.; Candinas, Daniel; Gloor, Beat; Angst, Eliane

    2013-01-01

    Retroperitoneal location of bronchogenic cysts is extremely rare. Most commonly they are encountered in the posterior mediastinum. Bronchogenic cysts arise from developmental aberrations of the tracheobronchial tree in the early embryologic period. We report a 42-year-old female patient with a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in the left adrenal region. She was admitted to our hospital with epigastric pain and subsequently underwent CT of the abdomen. The examination revealed a mass related to the left adrenal gland. Endocrine tests for adrenal hypersecretion were negative. Because of the uncertain entity, laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed. Pathological examination revealed a bronchogenic cyst in proximity to an inconspicuous left adrenal gland. Although very rare, bronchogenic cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions and surgical resection pursued for symptom resolution and to establish a definitive histology. PMID:24403880

  10. Laparoscopic ureterolithotomy; which is better: Transperitoneal or retroperitoneal approach?

    PubMed Central

    Khalil, Mostafa; Omar, Rabea; Abdel-baky, Shabieb; Mohey, Ahmed; Sebaey, Ahmed

    2015-01-01

    Objective This was a prospective study to compare the outcome of laparoscopic transperitoneal ureterolithotomy (LTU) with laparoscopic retroperitoneal ureterolithotomy (LRU) as a primary treatment for a large stone in the proximal ureter. Material and methods A total of 24 patients with a solitary, large (>1.5 cm), and impacted stone in the proximal ureter was selected and randomly divided into two groups. The first group included 13 patients who were treated by LTU, and the second group included 11 patients who were treated by LRU. Patient demographics and stone characteristics as well as the operative and postoperative data of both groups were compared and statistically analyzed. Results There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding patient demographics and stone characteristics. The mean operative time was significantly shorter in the LTU group than in the LRU group [116.2±21.8 min vs 137.3±17.9 min, respectively (p=0.02)]. The mean time to oral intake was significantly longer in the LTU group than in the LRU group [21.2±4.9 h vs 15.5±2.8 h, respectively (p=0.002)]. There was significant higher rate (27.3%) of changing to open surgery in LRU (p=0.04). The stone-free rate was significantly higher in the LTU group than in the LRU group [100% vs. 72.8%, respectively (p=0.03)]. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the mean blood loss, mean hospital stay, mean analgesia dose, blood transfusion rate, postoperative fever, and stone migration during surgery. Conclusion Both approaches of laparoscopic ureterolithotomy are effective in treating large impacted stones in the proximal ureter. LTU has significantly shorter operative time and lower rate of open conversion but has a significantly longer time to oral intake. PMID:26623147

  11. Congenital cheek teratoma with temporo-mandibular joint ankylosis managed with ultra-thin silicone sheet interpositional arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Bhatnagar, Ankur; Verma, Vinay Kumar; Purohit, Vishal

    2013-01-01

    Primary cheek teratomas are rare with < 5 reported cases. None had associated temporo mandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA). The fundamental aim in the treatment of TMJA is the successful surgical resection of ankylotic bone, prevention of recurrence, and aesthetic improvement by ensuring functional occlusion. Early treatment is necessary to promote proper growth and function of mandible and to facilitate the positive psychological development of child. Inter-positional arthroplasty with ultra-thin silicone sheet was performed. Advantages include short operative time, less foreign material in the joint space leading to negligible foreign body reactions and least chances of implant extrusion. Instead of excising a large bony segment, a thin silicone sheet was interposed and then sutured ensuring preservation of mandibular height. Aggressive post-operative physiotherapy with custom made dynamic jaw exerciser was used to prevent recurrence.

  12. Congenital cheek teratoma with temporo-mandibular joint ankylosis managed with ultra-thin silicone sheet interpositional arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Bhatnagar, Ankur; Verma, Vinay Kumar; Purohit, Vishal

    2013-01-01

    Primary cheek teratomas are rare with < 5 reported cases. None had associated temporo mandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA). The fundamental aim in the treatment of TMJA is the successful surgical resection of ankylotic bone, prevention of recurrence, and aesthetic improvement by ensuring functional occlusion. Early treatment is necessary to promote proper growth and function of mandible and to facilitate the positive psychological development of child. Inter-positional arthroplasty with ultra-thin silicone sheet was performed. Advantages include short operative time, less foreign material in the joint space leading to negligible foreign body reactions and least chances of implant extrusion. Instead of excising a large bony segment, a thin silicone sheet was interposed and then sutured ensuring preservation of mandibular height. Aggressive post-operative physiotherapy with custom made dynamic jaw exerciser was used to prevent recurrence. PMID:24163567

  13. Giant Pelvic Retroperitoneal Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Fdili Alaoui, F. Z.; Oussaden, A.; Bouguern, H.; El Fatemi, H.; Melhouf, M. A.; Amarti, A.; Ait Taleb, K.

    2012-01-01

    Epidermoid cyst is a frequent benign cutaneous tumor. The pelvic localization does not occur very often. The literature that taps into such cases is very limited in scope. Here is a report of a 27-year-old woman with a giant pelvic retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst. The use of ultrasound exploration and computed tomography has indicated ovarian origins. The surgery also revealed a retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst, uterus and ovaries were all intact. The evacuation of a cyst was found to contain lamellas of keratin. Histology permitted us to confirm the diagnosis. The patient was faring well after two years of followup. PMID:23150734

  14. Giant pelvic retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst: a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Fdili Alaoui, F Z; Oussaden, A; Bouguern, H; El Fatemi, H; Melhouf, M A; Amarti, A; Ait Taleb, K

    2012-01-01

    Epidermoid cyst is a frequent benign cutaneous tumor. The pelvic localization does not occur very often. The literature that taps into such cases is very limited in scope. Here is a report of a 27-year-old woman with a giant pelvic retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst. The use of ultrasound exploration and computed tomography has indicated ovarian origins. The surgery also revealed a retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst, uterus and ovaries were all intact. The evacuation of a cyst was found to contain lamellas of keratin. Histology permitted us to confirm the diagnosis. The patient was faring well after two years of followup. PMID:23150734

  15. The Evolution and Technique of Nerve-Sparing Retroperitoneal Lymphadenectomy.

    PubMed

    Masterson, Timothy A; Cary, Clint; Rice, Kevin R; Foster, Richard S

    2015-08-01

    The evolution of retroperitoneal lymph node dissection technique and associated template modifications for nonseminomatous germ cell tumors have resulted in significant improvement in the long-term morbidity. Through the preservation of sympathetic nerves via exclusion from or prospective identification within the boundaries of resection, maintenance and recovery of antegrade ejaculation are achieved. Nerve-sparing strategies in early-stage disease are feasible in most patients. Postchemotherapy, select patients can be considered for nerve preservation. This article describes the anatomic and physiologic basis for, indications and technical aspects of, and functional and oncologic outcomes reported after nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy in testicular cancer. PMID:26216818

  16. [Retroperitoneal hematoma secondary to traumatic rupture of the psoas muscle].

    PubMed

    Arrizabalaga, M; Benítez, J; Gallardo, C; Garrido, R; Casanueva, T

    1990-01-01

    Rupturing of the psoas muscle by closed injury as a result of the formation of a retroperitoneal hematoma is a very uncommon pathological entity, which may rise problems of differential diagnosis with kidney lesions. Supplementary explorations do not always clear up diagnostic doubts, and it is surgery, if indicated, that confirms the picture. We present a case of retroperitoneal hematoma of traumatic origin in a one-kidney ipsilateral patient, in whom the abdominal CAT revealed affection of the renal capsule associated with rupture of teh psoas. In the surgery carried out due to formation of an abscess in the hematoma we verified that the kidney was undamaged.

  17. [A case of retroperitoneal lymphangioma successfully treated by pancreatoduodenectomy].

    PubMed

    Kurokawa, Y; Kamiya, J; Kirioka, T; Kajita, M; Maeda, M; Nakamura, T; Akiyama, S

    1987-02-01

    A rare case of retroperitoneal lymphangioma in 44-year-old male complaining of high fever and right hypochondralgia is reported. Retroperitoneal malignant tumor was suspected preoperatively, and pancreatoduodenectomy was performed because the tumor infiltrated to duodenum and head of the pancreas. Histopathological examination revealed that the tumor was lymphangioma infiltrating to the duodenum. There are two types of lymphangioma, solitary lymphatic cyst and true proliferating lymphangioma and in this case, the tumor is diagnosed as true proliferating lymphangioma which is cavernous and infiltrating.

  18. Laparoscopic resection of a retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma in an adult.

    PubMed

    Kasza, Jason; Brody, Fredrick J; Khambaty, Fatima; Vaziri, Khashayar; Wallace, Brian

    2010-06-01

    Cystic lymphangiomas are rare, benign anomalies of the lymphatic system. More than 95% of cystic lymphangiomas occur in the head, neck, and axilla with only 1% in the retroperitoneum. Most of these cases are diagnosed by the second year of life with only a handful of adult cases. Once a symptomatic cystic lesion of the abdomen or retroperitoneum is diagnosed, treatment usually consists of surgical excision. Traditionally, surgery requires a laparotomy. This paper describes a patient with a retroperitoneal cyst who underwent a successful laparoscopic resection. The etiology and management of adult retroperitoneal cysts are reviewed as well.

  19. [A case of hamartoma of the retroperitoneal space].

    PubMed

    Gobara, M; Suzuki, Y; Okano, M; Muranaka, K; Shimizu, Y; Kawada, Y

    1988-02-01

    A case of hamartoma of the retroperitoneal space in a 59-year-old woman is reported. Excretory urography, computed tomography and adrenal angiography revealed a tumor with multiple calcification in the left retroperitoneal space. The tumor measuring 6.5 by 3.5 cm, and weighing 30 gm, was removed operatively. Removed specimen consisted of many cysts of various sizes containing mucous fluid and multiple small stones. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of a tubular structure lined by ciliated, epithelium-like tissue of the respiratory system or that of Fallopian tube. These tubules were occasionally dilated cystically. No atypical cells were found. The postoperative course was uneventful.

  20. Laparoscopic excision of a retroperitoneal lymphatic malformation in a newborn.

    PubMed

    Solari, Valeria; Mullassery, Dhanya; Lansdale, Nick; Jesudason, Edwin C

    2011-02-01

    Abdominal lymphatic malformations may be challenging to eradicate. Retroperitoneal lesions may more difficult to resect than mesenteric ones; however, the latter may predispose to intestinal volvulus, leading to calls for their prompt excision. Such lesions identified perinatally may pose particular challenges: in one case, respiratory failure caused by abdominal distension required emergency drainage followed by later laparoscopic excision; laparoscopy has also been used promptly to diagnose and resect neonatal mesenteric lymphatic malformations with their inherent volvulus risk. We illustrate that even if neonatal laparoscopy identifies a retroperitoneal rather than mesenteric lymphatic malformation, curative endosurgical excision remains feasible.

  1. Rupture of retroperitoneal hydatid cyst into the abdominal aorta.

    PubMed

    Hadjiat, N; Graba, A; Mansouri, H

    1987-05-01

    We report the case of a retroperitoneal hydatid cyst ruptured into the infrarenal abdominal aorta. Initial treatment consisted of marsupialization of the cyst with patch angioplasty of the aorta. Formation of a false aneurysm led to reoperation for placement of an aortobifemoral bypass, but the patient died postoperatively. In spite of the exceptional character of this location, diagnosis should be suggested routinely in endemic areas when a retroperitoneal mass is discovered. Treatment should be either in situ prosthetic replacement or extra-anatomic exclusion bypass.

  2. Retroperitoneal perirenal pseudocyst in a Massese breed ram.

    PubMed

    Mutinelli, Franco; Vascellari, Marta; Schiavon, Eliana

    2005-05-01

    The macroscopic and microscopic features of a retroperitoneal perirenal pseudocyst in a 12-month-old ram without impairment of renal function are described. In humans and animals, uriniferous pseudocysts may be of traumatic origin, resulting from rupture of kidney, renal pelvis, or ureter, or congenital. Lymphatic pseudocysts may develop secondary to inflammatory obstruction of the hilar lymphatics after perinephritis or renal transplantation. In this case, histologic characteristics of the pseudocyst wall were suggestive of development from the parietal peritoneal layer encapsulating the kidney. This is the first case of retroperitoneal perirenal pseudocyst in a sheep.

  3. Retroperitoneal approach for lumbar lateral meningocele--case report.

    PubMed

    Miyata, M; Yamasaki, S; Yoshida, T; Matsubara, M; Okamura, M; Hirayama, A; Tamaki, N

    1995-12-01

    A 29-year-old female with neurofibromatosis presented with a right lumbar lateral meningocele. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a huge right retroperitoneal cyst expanding anterolaterally and displacing the right kidney. CT following myelography disclosed the cyst expanding through a wide defect of the right pedicles of the T-12 and L-1 vertebrae. The cyst was resected through a retroperitoneal approach with right flank oblique incision. Postoperatively, cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred, which improved after lumboperitoneal shunt. Careful screening for lateral meningocele, including the lumbar region, should be undertaken in a patient with neurofibromatosis who presents with vertebral anomalies.

  4. Simultaneous right retroperitoneal schwannoma and left renal hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Kamalati, Ali; Tabrizchi, Hamid

    2013-01-01

    Retroperitoneal schwannomas are quite rare tumors. Isolated renal hydatid cyst is also rare, and it forms 2-4% of hydatid disease. Because of their infrequent occurrence, nonspecific signs and symptoms, and lack of distinguishing radiologic features, we report herein a case of right retroperitoneal mass in a 26-year-old woman which was found to be benign schwannoma following a percutaneous core needle biopsy and a large cortical cyst in the lower pole of the left kidney which was diagnosed as isolated renal hydatid cyst following exploration.

  5. Giant pelvic retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst: a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Fdili Alaoui, F Z; Oussaden, A; Bouguern, H; El Fatemi, H; Melhouf, M A; Amarti, A; Ait Taleb, K

    2012-01-01

    Epidermoid cyst is a frequent benign cutaneous tumor. The pelvic localization does not occur very often. The literature that taps into such cases is very limited in scope. Here is a report of a 27-year-old woman with a giant pelvic retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst. The use of ultrasound exploration and computed tomography has indicated ovarian origins. The surgery also revealed a retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst, uterus and ovaries were all intact. The evacuation of a cyst was found to contain lamellas of keratin. Histology permitted us to confirm the diagnosis. The patient was faring well after two years of followup.

  6. Pulmonary sequestration presenting as retroperitoneal cyst: case report.

    PubMed

    Armatys, Sandra A; Cheng, Liang; Gardner, Thomas A; Sundaram, Chandru P

    2005-10-01

    A 21-year-old woman presented with flank pain, and an abdominal and pelvic CT scan demonstrated a left 7.4-cm simple cyst superior to the left kidney. She underwent laparoscopic cyst decortication complicated by a diaphragmatic injury and pneumothorax. The final pathology report described a retroperitoneal pulmonary sequestration (RPS). Urologists need to consider RPS in the differential diagnosis of a retroperitoneal cyst because of the associated morbidity of hemorrhage during surgical excision. With the widespread use abdominal imaging techniques, more cases of RPS are likely to be identified and referred for laparoscopic management.

  7. Retroperitoneal decortication of simple renal cysts vs decortication with wadding using perirenal fat tissue: results of a prospective randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Porpiglia, Francesco; Fiori, Cristian; Billia, Michele; Renard, Julien; Di Stasio, Andrea; Vaccino, Davide; Bertolo, Riccardo; Scarpa, Roberto Mario

    2009-06-01

    OBJECTIVES To evaluate, in a pilot prospective randomized trial, the safety, effectiveness and radiological recurrence of retroperitoneal renal cyst decortication compared with retroperitoneal decortication with wadding using perirenal pedicled fat tissue. PATIENTS AND METHODS From March 2004 to December 2007, 40 patients with simple renal cysts were enrolled and randomized; 22 (group A) had a simple retroperitoneal decortication (SRD) and 18 (group B) a decortication with wadding of the cyst using perirenal fat tissue (RDCW). The following variables were recorded: age, gender, side, size on ultrasonography/computed tomography (CT), location, operative duration, blood loss, complications, pathology, presence or absence of flank pain, hypertension, urinary tract compression or urinary infection. The primary endpoint of this trial was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of both treatments. Secondary endpoints were safety and pain, hypertension and the resolution of urinary tract obstruction. RESULTS In all, 40 cysts were treated; there were no bilateral cysts. The mean (sd) size on CT was 11.9 (1.84) cm in group A and 12.8 (1.25) cm in group B (P = 0.1). All the procedures were completed laparoscopically and no conversion was necessary. There were no intraoperative complications. The mean (range) hospital stay was 3.4 (3-6) days. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups for all variables assessed. There was a radiological recurrence in three patients (14%) in group A, but none in group B (all successful). CONCLUSION To be completely successful, with maximum safety and to prevent recurrences in the treatment of renal cysts, RCDW is recommended when a retroperitoneal approach is chosen, especially if the cyst is located anteriorly. When symptom relief is considered, RCDW duplicates the results obtained with SRD.

  8. A retroperitoneal neuroendocrine tumor in ectopic pancreatic tissue.

    PubMed

    Okasha, Hussein Hassan; Al-Bassiouni, Fahim; El-Ela, Monir Abo; Al-Gemeie, Emad Hamza; Ezzat, Reem

    2013-07-01

    Ectopic pancreas is the relatively uncommon presence of pancreatic tissue outside the normal location of the pancreas. We report a case of abdominal pain due to retroperitoneal neuroendocrine tumor arising from heterotopic pancreatic tissue between the duodenal wall and the head of the pancreas. Patient underwent surgical enucleation of the tumor.

  9. Rare Case of Retroperitoneal Lipomatosis in an Indian Woman

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Saurabh S; Shah, Vaibhav R; Choudhary, Vivek A

    2016-01-01

    Retroperitoneal lipomatosis is a rare but distinct clinicopathological entity characterized by non encapsulated lipoma development in the retroperitoneum. Presenting complaints in the early stages are vague, and patients with retroperitoneal lipomatosis are often misdiagnosed because considerable abnormality is not detected by abdomino-pelvic sonography. However, because of the progressive nature of this lesion, most patients eventually present with varying degrees of urinary outflow obstruction and end stage renal disease, or bladder malignancies in few cases. Here we report a case of a 35-year-old Indian woman presenting with complaints of diffuse lumps in the abdomen and constipation. Based on the findings of the imaging [sonography and computed tomography (CT) scan] studies, benign retroperitoneal lipomatosis was preopreratively diagnosed and a confirmatory exploratory laprotomy was performed. Furthermore, we discuss the imaging findings obtained using various radiological modalities such as plain radiographs, intravenous urography, barium enema, sonography, CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We also discuss the etiopathogenesis, demographics, and various differential diagnoses of retroperitoneal lipomatosis. PMID:27200169

  10. Refining the laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer.

    PubMed

    Romero, Frederico R; Wagner, Andrew; Brito, Fabio A; Muntener, Michael; Lima, Guilherme C; Kavoussi, Louis R

    2006-01-01

    Since its initial description, the laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection has evolved considerably, from a purely diagnostic tool performed to stage germ cell testicular cancer to a therapeutic operation that fully duplicates the open technique. Herein, we describe the current technique employed at our institution, along with illustrations of all surgical steps, and delineate the refinements of the technique over time.

  11. Isolated retroperitoneal intradiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst. A case report.

    PubMed

    Hoang, C; Aubriot, M H; Totobenazara, J L; Chigot, J P; Menegaux, F; Le Charpentier, Y

    1999-01-01

    Isolated retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts are extremely rare. We report a case which was intradiaphragmatic intimately associated with the musculature of the left crus diaphragmatic and unconnected with any other structures. Ultrasound and computed tomography findings were consistent with a pancreatic or an adrenal mass. Pathology confirmed a bronchogenic cyst. The outcome is favourable and the overall prognosis is good.

  12. [Retroperitoneal cyst: a little known internal medicine problem].

    PubMed

    Ramadori, G; Rumpelt, H J; Keidl, E; Dormeyer, H H; Rothmund, M; Hütteroth, T; Meyer zum Büschenfelde, K H

    1984-11-01

    Retroperitoneal cysts are often a differential diagnostic problem. The diagnosis is not infrequently made only by laparotomy. Our experience with a 33 year old patient with pain localized in the left upper part of the abdomen and "cyst of the spleen" confirms this rule. The diagnosis of a lymphatic cyst of the retroperitoneum was made after the surgical enucleation.

  13. [Spontaneous massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage from an adrenal gland cyst].

    PubMed

    Colović, R; Havelka, M; Ostojić, S; Kovacević, N; Lotina, S; Barisić, G; Colić, M

    Adrenal cyst are rare disease. Bleeding, particularly massive, from these cysts is even rarer. The cyst causing spontaneous massive retroperitoneal bleeding in a 17 year old girl is presented. Adrenalectomy was successfully carried out. The patient stayed symptom free so far.

  14. Retroperitoneal foregut duplication cyst presenting as an adrenal mass.

    PubMed

    Terry, N Elizabeth; Senkowski, Christopher K; Check, William; Brower, Steven T

    2007-01-01

    A 75 year-old woman presented to the authors' institution with abdominal pain and early satiety. An adrenal mass was found on CT scanning. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed, and the patient was found to have a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst adherent to the adrenal gland. The workup of an adrenal mass is discussed as well as the pathophysiology of bronchogenic cysts.

  15. Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma: a diagnostic and surgical challenge.

    PubMed

    Gümüştaş, Oguzhan Güven; Sanal, Murat; Güner, Osman; Tümay, Volkan

    2013-01-01

    A lymphangioma is a benign proliferation of lymph vessels, producing fluid-filled cysts that result from a blockage of the lymphatic system. The incidence of abdominal lymphangiomas is unknown; however they account for from 3% to 9.2% of all pediatric lymphangiomas, with retroperitoneal lymphangioma representing less than 1% of abdominal lymphangiomas. Due to rarity, preoperative diagnosis is often difficult.

  16. Retroperitoneal cyst and congenital absence of ipsilateral kidney.

    PubMed

    Hodgins, T E; Hancock, R A

    1976-12-01

    The case report of a patient in whom a cystic retroperitoneal mass and the congenital absence of the ipsilateral kidney, ureter, ureteral orifice, and trigone is presented. The embryology and literature are noted. We can find only 2 similar cases in the literature.

  17. [Isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst. Apropos of a case].

    PubMed

    Ouadfel, J; Assem, A; Errougani, A; Jalil, A; Belkacem, R; Balafrej, S

    1990-01-01

    This is a report of a rarely observed localisation of hydatid cyst: the retroperitoneal space. The hypotheses of pathogenesis advanced are reviewed and the interest of intravenous urography and ultrasonography in the diagnosis is emphasized. Surgery the only treatment, consists of partial resection of the cyst.

  18. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst mimicking hydatid liver: a case report.

    PubMed

    Parray, Fazl Q; Sherwani, Afak Yusuf; Dangroo, Sajad Ahmad; Bisati, Rafia Aziz; Malik, Nighat Shaffi

    2012-01-01

    Bronchogenic cysts frequently occur in the mediastinum. They may be rarely encountered in the abdomen and retroperitoneum. Bronchogenic cysts can in fact mimic hydatid cysts. We report a case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst below the right hemidiaphragm mimicking a hydatid cyst of the liver in a 30-year-old female.

  19. Lymphangiovenous malformation--a rare cause of giant retroperitoneal cyst.

    PubMed

    Ibrarullah, M D; Saxena, R; Sikora, S S; Haque, I; Choudhury, G; Gupta, R

    1993-12-01

    A giant retroperitoneal cyst manifesting as congenital inguino-scrotal swelling to begin with, is reported. The abdominal swelling became clinically obvious at the age of five years because of rapid enlargement over a period of one month. A multiloculated cyst was revealed on preoperative ultrasonography. Intracystic hemorrhage necessitated emergency surgical exploration and excision. Histology of the cyst revealed lymph-angio-venous malformation.

  20. Recurrent retroperitoneal mesenteric cyst. A case report and review.

    PubMed

    Chirathivat, S; Shermeta, D

    1979-04-15

    A mesenteric cyst is an uncommon cause of a palpable abdominal mass. A correct preoperative diagnosis can be made by the combined use of radiographic and sonographic examinations in conjunction with the clinical features. A patient with a retroperitoneal cyst extending into the leaves of the mesentery is presented. The cyst recurred 4 years after surgery.

  1. Retroperitoneal oncocytoma: case report and review of the imaging features.

    PubMed

    Roy, A A; Jameson, C; Christmas, T J; Aslam Sohaib, S

    2011-08-01

    Oncocytomas are uncommon tumours that occur in a number of specific anatomical locations within the head, neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis. When occurring in the retroperitoneum, oncocytomas almost always arise from either the kidney or adrenal gland. With this case we present the imaging findings of an exceptionally rare retroperitoneal oncocytoma whose site of origin is neither the kidney nor adrenal gland.

  2. A Retroperitoneal Neuroendocrine Tumor in Ectopic Pancreatic Tissue

    PubMed Central

    Okasha, Hussein Hassan; Al-Bassiouni, Fahim; El-Ela, Monir Abo; Al-Gemeie, Emad Hamza; Ezzat, Reem

    2013-01-01

    Ectopic pancreas is the relatively uncommon presence of pancreatic tissue outside the normal location of the pancreas. We report a case of abdominal pain due to retroperitoneal neuroendocrine tumor arising from heterotopic pancreatic tissue between the duodenal wall and the head of the pancreas. Patient underwent surgical enucleation of the tumor. PMID:24949389

  3. A rare adolescent case of female pseudohermaphroditism with adrenocortical carcinoma and synchronous teratoma.

    PubMed

    He, Xiao-Feng; Peng, Xing-Chen; Qiu, Meng

    2013-07-01

    A patient with female pseudohermaphroditism is chromosomally and gonadally a female individual but has male or ambiguous external genitalia. In this paper, we report a 12-year-old Chinese girl who was diagnosed with female pseudohermaphroditism characterized by clitoridauxe, hirsutism, acne, hypertension, and karyotype 46 XX. Computed tomography scan revealed a huge left abdominal mass with distant metastases to bilateral lungs and a concomitant pelvic teratoma. Because the left abdominal mass was unresectable, the patient underwent a biopsy of the abdominal mass and a radical resection of the pelvic teratoma. Histopathology confirmed that the left abdominal mass was an adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and the pelvic teratoma was a mature cystic teratoma originating from the left ovary. After surgery, the patient received a transcatheter arterial chemoembolization of ACC, combined with 2 g mitotane daily for systemic treatment. It was a pity that she died 8 months later after diagnosis. So far, as we know, the simultaneous occurrence of pseudohermaphroditism, ACC, and ovarian teratomas has not been reported in the literatures before.

  4. Endometriosis coexisting with mature cystic teratoma in the same ovary and ectopic pregnancy of left fallopian tube: a rare coexistence.

    PubMed

    Chae, Heesuk; Rheu, Chulhee

    2015-05-01

    A coexistence of endometriosis and mature cystic teratoma in the same ovary is a rare occurrence although such tumors of ovaries are said to be common in the reproductive age group. We report a case of fimbrial ectopic pregnancy combined with simultaneous ipsilateral ovarian presentation of endometriosis and mature teratoma.

  5. Ovarian Mature Cystic Teratoma: Challenges of Surgical Management

    PubMed Central

    Sinha, Abha; Ewies, Ayman A. A.

    2016-01-01

    Although ovarian mature cystic teratomas are the commonest adnexal masses occurring in premenopausal women, there are many challenges faced by gynecologists on deciding upon the best surgical management. There is uncertainty, lack of consensus, and variation in surgical practices. This paper critically analyzes various surgical approaches and techniques used to treat these cysts in an attempt to outline a unified guidance. MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched in January 2015 with no date limit using the key words “ovarian teratoma” and “ovarian dermoid.” The search was limited to articles in English language, humans, and female. The two authors conducted the search independently. The laparoscopic approach is generally considered to be the gold standard for the management. Oophorectomy should be the standard operation except in younger women with a single small cyst. The risk of chemical peritonitis after contents spillage is extremely rare and can certainly be overcome with thorough peritoneal lavage using warmed fluid. There is a place for surveillance in some selected cases. PMID:27110246

  6. Post-chemotherapy lymph node histology in radiologically normal patients with metastatic nonseminomatous testicular cancer.

    PubMed

    Fosså, S D; Ous, S; Lien, H H; Stenwig, A E

    1989-03-01

    A total of 37 patients with initially advanced metastatic nonseminomatous testicular cancer underwent retroperitoneal lymph node dissection after cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. Abdominal computerized tomography was negative at retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy (lymph nodes not exceeding 10 mm. in the transverse computerized tomography plane). Complete necrosis and fibrosis were found in 25 patients. In 11 patients the retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy specimen showed a mature teratoma. Residual vital malignant tumor was observed in 1 patient. Neither the initial size of the retroperitoneal mass nor the histological status of the primary tumor was predictive of the histological findings in the retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy specimen. The high frequency of mature teratoma raises the question whether omitting post-chemotherapy surgery is a safe routine policy in patients with negative computerized tomography, especially if long-term followup is not feasible. We recommend a post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal operation as routine treatment even in patients with negative computerized tomography.

  7. Coexistence of spinal teratoma of the conus medullaris and arteriovenous malformation in an adult: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yu, Jinlu; Qu, Li Mei; Li, Ye; Huang, Haiyan

    2012-01-01

    The coexistence of spinal teratoma of the conus medullaris and arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is exceptional, which has not been reported previously in the literature. The precise mechanism of the coexistence of these conditions is not known, however, the dysembryonic origin of spinal cord teratoma and AVM seems to play a part in this process. A 34-year-old male patient was admitted with lower back pain, bilateral lower extremity numbness and weakness, and sexual disturbance. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an AVM extended cranially from the top of a heterogeneous expansile lesion of the conus medullaris. Surgical exploration and histopathological examination revealed a mature teratoma associated with the AVM. A literature review supported the dysembryonic origin of spinal cord teratomas and AVMs. This unique case may provide insight into the etiopathogenesis of the coexistence of spinal teratoma of the conus medullaris and AVM.

  8. Photodynamic Approach for Teratoma-Free Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapy Using CDy1 and Visible Light

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Pluripotent stem cells (PSC) are promising resources for regeneration therapy, but teratoma formation is one of the critical problems for safe clinical application. After differentiation, the precise detection and subsequent elimination of undifferentiated PSC is essential for teratoma-free stem cell therapy, but a practical procedure is yet to be developed. CDy1, a PSC specific fluorescent probe, was investigated for the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and demonstrated to induce selective death of PSC upon visible light irradiation. Importantly, the CDy1 and/or light irradiation did not negatively affect differentiated endothelial cells. The photodynamic treatment of PSC with CDy1 and visible light irradiation confirmed the inhibition of teratoma formation in mice, and suggests a promising new approach to safe PSC-based cell therapy. PMID:27725957

  9. Type IV Sacrococcygeal Teratoma Displacing the Urinary Bladder: Unique Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    PubMed Central

    Eftekharzadeh, Sahar; Keihani, Sorena; Fareghi, Mehdi; Alamsahebpour, Alireza; Kajbafzadeh, Abdol-Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    Type IV sacrococcygeal teratoma is a rare pediatric tumor that is confined to the presacral area with no external component. The signs and symptoms often arise due to mass effect and compression of adjacent organs. Urinary retention is an uncommon presenting symptom in these patients. A wide spectrum of imaging findings may be encountered in cases with sacrococcygeal teratoma because of variability of tumor size and components. We hereby present a unique magnetic resonance urography finding in a type IV sacrococcygeal teratoma which caused bladder displacement. A meticulous and complete resection of tumor with special attention to the pelvic plexus led to preservation of normal voiding function and normal bowel function in this patient. PMID:27413571

  10. Mediastinal mature teratoma with rupture into pleural cavity due to blunt trauma.

    PubMed

    Miyazawa, Masahisa; Yoshida, Kazuo; Komatsu, Kazunori; Kobayashi, Nobutaka; Haba, Yoshiaki

    2012-03-01

    We report a rare case of mediastinal mature teratoma with rupture due to blunt trauma. A 15-year-old boy had received a strong head-butt in the left upper chest wall and was admitted with the sudden onset of left-sided severe chest pain and dyspnea. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan on admission revealed a heterogeneous mass lesion in the anterior mediastinum. The contrast-enhanced CT scans obtained 2 days after admission showed not only mediastinal mass lesion but also left pleural effusion. On the radiologic finding at 5 months later, the lesion became larger and was thought to be a typical mediastinal mature teratoma. The patient underwent extirpation of the tumor. Microscopically, the tumor was typically composed of adult-type tissues and was confirmed to be mature teratoma.

  11. Identical Allelic Losses in Mature Teratoma and Other Histologic Components of Malignant Mixed Germ Cell Tumors of the Testis

    PubMed Central

    Kernek, Kevin M.; Ulbright, Thomas M.; Zhang, Shaobo; Billings, Steven D.; Cummings, Oscar W.; Henley, John D.; Michael, Helen; Brunelli, Matteo; Martignoni, Guido; Foster, Richard S.; Eble, John N.; Cheng, Liang

    2003-01-01

    Teratomas of the testis in post-pubertal patients are histologically diverse tumors that often coexist with other types of germ cell tumors. Using laser capture microdissection and loss of heterozygosity analysis, we investigated the clonality of mature teratoma and its relationship to other components of malignant mixed germ cell tumors to gain potential insight into the histogenetic relationship of teratoma with other germ cell tumor components. All 16 patients had mature teratoma as one component of their mixed germ cell tumors. The other histological subtypes included immature teratoma, seminoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, and choriocarcinoma. Laser-assisted microdissection was performed on the formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. Polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify genomic DNA at specific loci on chromosome 1p36.2 (D1S508), 2q22–32 (D2S156), 9p21–22 (D9S162), 11p13 (D11S903), 12q22–23 (D12S1051), and 18q21 (D18S46). Fourteen of 16 (88%) cases showed allelic loss in one or more components of the mixed germ cell tumors. Fourteen of 16 mature teratomas showed allelic loss in at least one of six microsatellite polymorphic markers analyzed. The frequency of allelic loss in mature teratoma was 50% (7 of 14) with D1S508, 33% (5 of 15) with D2S156, 58% (7 of 12) with D9S162, 43% (6 of 14) with D11S903, 20% (3 of 15) with D12S1051, and 33% (5 of 15) with D18S46. Completely concordant allelic loss patterns between mature teratoma and all of the other germ cell tumor components were seen in 10 of 14 tumors in which mature teratoma showed loss of heterozygosity. Our data support the common clonal origin of mature teratoma with other components of malignant mixed germ cell tumors of the testis. PMID:14633619

  12. Teratoma formation of human embryonic stem cells in three-dimensional perfusion culture bioreactors.

    PubMed

    Stachelscheid, H; Wulf-Goldenberg, A; Eckert, K; Jensen, J; Edsbagge, J; Björquist, P; Rivero, M; Strehl, R; Jozefczuk, J; Prigione, A; Adjaye, J; Urbaniak, T; Bussmann, P; Zeilinger, K; Gerlach, J C

    2013-09-01

    Teratoma formation in mice is today the most stringent test for pluripotency that is available for human pluripotent cells, as chimera formation and tetraploid complementation cannot be performed with human cells. The teratoma assay could also be applied for assessing the safety of human pluripotent cell-derived cell populations intended for therapeutic applications. In our study we examined the spontaneous differentiation behaviour of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) in a perfused 3D multi-compartment bioreactor system and compared it with differentiation of hESCs and human induced pluripotent cells (hiPSCs) cultured in vitro as embryoid bodies and in vivo in an experimental mouse model of teratoma formation. Results from biochemical, histological/immunohistological and ultrastuctural analyses revealed that hESCs cultured in bioreactors formed tissue-like structures containing derivatives of all three germ layers. Comparison with embryoid bodies and the teratomas revealed a high degree of similarity of the tissues formed in the bioreactor to these in the teratomas at the histological as well as transcriptional level, as detected by comparative whole-genome RNA expression profiling. The 3D culture system represents a novel in vitro model that permits stable long-term cultivation, spontaneous multi-lineage differentiation and tissue formation of pluripotent cells that is comparable to in vivo differentiation. Such a model is of interest, e.g. for the development of novel cell differentiation strategies. In addition, the 3D in vitro model could be used for teratoma studies and pluripotency assays in a fully defined, controlled environment, alternatively to in vivo mouse models.

  13. Solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney with massive retroperitoneal recurrence. A case presentation.

    PubMed

    Sfoungaristos, S; Papatheodorou, M; Kavouras, A; Perimenis, P

    2012-01-01

    Solitary fibrous tumor is an unusual spindle cell neoplasm that usually occurs in the pleura but has also been described in other sites. Renal presentation is rare and only 38 cases of SFT of the kidney have been described until now. Up to 90% of the tumors have benign characteristics. Local retroperitoneal recurrence is extremely rare. We report a case of a large malignant solitary fibrous tumor recurrence after the surgical excision of the primary tumor. Histological examination of the specimen confirmed the diagnosis by revealing highly positive reaction of the neoplasmatic cells for vimentin, CD34, bcl-2 and moderately positive for actin. The rate of Ki67 lied between 2-7%. No adjuvant therapy was given to the patient and he is disease-free with no imaging findings of recurrence or metastasis 9 months after the re-operation.

  14. Simultaneous Renal Cell Carcinoma and Giant Retroperitoneal Liposarcoma Involving Small Intestine

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Background. The concomitant occurrence of a renal cell carcinoma and retroperitoneal sarcoma is extremely rare with only few cases being reported. Methods. We present a case of simultaneous renal cell carcinoma and exceptionally large size retroperitoneal sarcoma involving small intestine. Surgical resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma and simultaneous right nephrectomy were performed. Results. Patient developed recurrent and metastatic disease and underwent debulking surgery following by chemotherapy. Despite aggressive behavior of the retroperitoneal sarcomas, patient is currently (7 years after simultaneous resection and nephrectomy) recurrence-free. Conclusions. Complete surgical resection is the mainstay of therapy for both renal cell carcinoma and retroperitoneal sarcoma. We present a case of simultaneous renal cell carcinoma and exceptionally large size retroperitoneal sarcoma. Debulking surgery and chemotherapy were helpful in our case. PMID:27595033

  15. Simultaneous Renal Cell Carcinoma and Giant Retroperitoneal Liposarcoma Involving Small Intestine.

    PubMed

    Reznichenko, Aleksandr A

    2016-01-01

    Background. The concomitant occurrence of a renal cell carcinoma and retroperitoneal sarcoma is extremely rare with only few cases being reported. Methods. We present a case of simultaneous renal cell carcinoma and exceptionally large size retroperitoneal sarcoma involving small intestine. Surgical resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma and simultaneous right nephrectomy were performed. Results. Patient developed recurrent and metastatic disease and underwent debulking surgery following by chemotherapy. Despite aggressive behavior of the retroperitoneal sarcomas, patient is currently (7 years after simultaneous resection and nephrectomy) recurrence-free. Conclusions. Complete surgical resection is the mainstay of therapy for both renal cell carcinoma and retroperitoneal sarcoma. We present a case of simultaneous renal cell carcinoma and exceptionally large size retroperitoneal sarcoma. Debulking surgery and chemotherapy were helpful in our case. PMID:27595033

  16. Synchronous epidermoid cyst and mature teratoma of the testis: an unusual association.

    PubMed

    Huyghe, Eric; Mazerolles, Catherine; Moran, Cesar; Khedis, Mehdi; Khoury, Elias; Nohra, Joe; Soulié, Michel; Plante, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    We describe here the first case of a synchronous epidermoid cyst and mature teratoma of the testis occurring in a young man presenting a with bilateral testicular tumor. After a clinical, biological and ultrasound evaluation, testis-sparing surgery was performed on the left testis and a total orchiectomy on the right side in accordance with oncological principles. Histopathological examination revealed a simple epidermoid cyst on the left side and a mature teratoma on the right side, following Price's criteria. No metastasis was detected, and the patient was closely followed. The patient remains disease-free and has normal postoperative testosterone levels 3 years after the surgery.

  17. Mature teratoma of the temporal bone in 3.5-month-old baby girl.

    PubMed

    Alqurashi, Alshema; Bakry, Essa; Straube, Marta; Rickert, Christian H; Mir-Salim, Parwis

    2015-01-01

    Mature teratoma is a benign germ cell tumor rarely located in the temporal bone. We are reporting a case of a mature teratoma of the temporal bone in a healthy borne 3.5-month-old baby girl with a 2-day suggestive history of otitis media and polypoidal mass expulsing from the external auditory canal of the left ear. A definitive diagnosis is made after complete excision and histological examination of the tissue. Total surgical excision of the tumor is the treatment of choice. PMID:25945275

  18. Teratomas from pluripotent stem cells: A clinical hurdle.

    PubMed

    Fong, Chui-Yee; Gauthaman, Kalamegam; Bongso, Ariff

    2010-11-01

    Although basic research on human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) at the laboratory bench has progressed with enviable speed there has been little head way in terms of its clinical application. A look at the Internet however shows several stem cell clinics worldwide offering direct transplantation of undifferentiated hESCs to patients for the cure of a variety of diseases before bona fide evidence-based results can be demonstrated from large controlled studies. This raises concern because reliable protocols have to be first developed to resolve the three major hurdles delaying clinical trials such as inadequate cell numbers, immunorejection and tumorigenesis. Cell expansion methods using bioreactors, rotary culture and mitotic agents have now been developed to generate stem cell derivatives in large numbers. The problem of immunorejection can now be overcome with the development of indirect and direct reprogramming protocols to personalize tissues to patients (human induced pluripotent stem cells, hiPSCs; nuclear transfer stem cells, NTSCs; induced neuronal cells, iN). However, hESC, hiPSC, and NTSCs being pluripotent have the disadvantage of teratoma formation in vivo which has to be carefully addressed so as to provide safe stem cell based therapies to the patient. This review addresses the issue of tumorigenesis and discusses approaches by which this concern may be overcome and at the same time emphasizes the need to concurrently explore alternative stem cell sources that do not confer the disadvantages of pluripotency but are widely multipotent so as to yield safe desirable tissues for clinical application as soon as possible. PMID:20665544

  19. Primary hydatid cyst of the retroperitoneum.

    PubMed

    Sall, Ibrahima; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; El Kaoui, Hakim; Bouchentouf, Sidi Mohammed; El Hjouji, Abderrahmane; El Fahssi, Mohammed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Zentar, Aziz; Sair, Khalid

    2010-02-01

    Retroperitoneal contamination may occur during the natural history of hydatid disease. Primary hydatid cyst of the retroperitoneum is extremely rare. The authors report a case of a giant retroperitoneal hydatid cyst. Clinicians and surgeons must be aware of this possibility and follow a policy of nonsystematic puncture of an abdominal cyst and avoid spillage during surgery. Symptoms are related to the size, location, or ensuing complications of a cyst. Its occurrence should be strongly suspected ahead of any abdominal cyst, especially in an endemic area, where it may act as a parasite. Total and careful surgical excision is the gold-standard therapy.

  20. [A method for retroperitoneoscopy in surgery on the the organs of the retroperitoneal space].

    PubMed

    Kurbatov, D G; Rublevskiĭ, V P

    1998-01-01

    828 patients were operated on the retroperitoneal organs since 1985 using a retroperitoneoscope. A total of 836 surgical interventions were performed. A cut of 3.0-3.5 cm long was made to revise the kidney and ureter, retroperitoneal part of the colon, tail of the pancreas, retroperitoneal vessels and lymph nodes via lumbocostal and inguinal approaches. A new intercostal (ribs X-XI) approach is proposed. Most of the patients had urolithiasis, pyoinflammatory lesions, renal cysts, varicocele, obstructive uropathies. Complications developed in 1.7% of cases. Retroperitoneoscopy is a method of choice in diagnosis and treatment of retroperitoneal diseases.

  1. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic management of a lymphocele after abdominal aortic surgery: a case report.

    PubMed

    Uchinami, Masaru; Morioka, Koichi; Doi, Koji; Nakamura, Tomoaki; Yoshida, Makoto; Tanaka, Kuniyoshi

    2005-09-01

    A retroperitoneal lymphocele is a rare complication of abdominal aortic surgery. We present a case of 77-year-old man who developed a retroperitoneal lymphocele 14 days after undergoing graft replacement for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Paracentesis showed a white and turbid fluid that was determined to be chyle. Conservative therapy, including percutaneous drainage, fasting, and total parenteral nutrition, was unsuccessful. Retroperitoneal laparoscopic ligation of the leaking lymphatics was performed on postoperative day 33. The postoperative course was satisfactory. The laparoscopic approach to retroperitoneal lymphocele treatment after abdominal aortic repair is a safe and minimally invasive therapeutic method.

  2. [Retroperitoneal adrenal subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst: apropos of a case and review of the literature].

    PubMed

    Bochereau, G; Mauchien, C; Magois, C; Buzelin, J M

    1996-01-01

    The authors report a case of retroperitoneal subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst. The embryological and histological features of the cyst are discussed, together with the diagnostic and therapeutic modalities.

  3. Retroperitoneal Biloma Secondary to Operative Common Bile Duct Injury

    PubMed Central

    Čólović, Radoje; Perišić-Savić, Mirjana

    1991-01-01

    Encapsulated collections of bile (“biloma”) may be a sequela of liver trauma, operative injury or disease. Such collections may be intrahepatic or extrahepatic and usually in the supramesocolic compartment of the abdomen. This is a report of a retroperitoneal biloma, an entity that has been reported only twice to date but this is the first secondary to an operative common bile duct lesion. Evacuation of the biloma and reconstruction of the associated biliary stricture were successfully carried out. The patient remains sympton free with normal clinical and laboratory data more than 14 months after surgery. Operative common bile duct (CBD) injury may be followed by a number of complications. To our knowledge retroperitoneal biloma secondary to a CBD lesion has not been previously reported. PMID:2043516

  4. Retroperitoneal fibrosis in three siblings with the sickle cell trait

    PubMed Central

    Phills, James A.; Geggie, Peter; Hidvegi, Robert I.; Oliva, Luis A.

    1973-01-01

    Three West-Indian black siblings with the sickle cell trait developed retroperitoneal fibrosis, a previously unreported association. Other well known renal manifestations associated with the sickle cell trait were also present in some of these cases and included renal medullary necrosis and spontaneous hematuria. It is postulated that the sickling of the erythrocytes in the periureteral vessels resulted in thrombosis, ischemia, reactive scarring and progressive fibrosis indistinguishable from the known histological picture of retroperitoneal fibrosis. The finding of fibrin thrombi in the small veins of the fibrotic tissue of one of these patients would support this explanation. ImagesFIG. 1AFIG. 1BFIG. 2FIG. 3AFIG. 3BFIG. 4AFIG. 4BFIG. 4C PMID:4699274

  5. A case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst treated by laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Minei, Sadatsugu; Igarashi, Tomohiro; Hirano, Daisaku

    2007-03-01

    We describe herein a rare case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery. A 39-year-old man with low-grade fever was referred to our hospital because of suspicion of an adrenal tumor. Abdominal computerized tomography (CT) and ultrasonography revealed a homogenous solid mass, 35 x 30 mm in diameter, in the left suprarenal region. Laboratory studies showed that the levels of adrenal hormones were normal except for the white blood cell count of 9,700/microL and C-reactive protein of 1.7 mg/dl. We diagnosed it as a non-functioning adrenocortical adenoma or an adrenal cyst. However, one year later he underwent laparoscopic surgery because the mass had gradually increased by 10 mm and the low-grade fever persisted. Pathological evaluation of the surgical specimens established the diagnosis of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. The low-grade fever disappeared after the surgery.

  6. [Aspergillosis located on polycystic kidney treated with retroperitoneal nephrectomy].

    PubMed

    Rabii, R; Hoznek, A; Salomon, L; Bourg, S; Chopin, D K; Abbou, C C

    2001-03-01

    We reported an uncommon case of 40 years old man, cardiac transplant recipient with chronic renal faillure who consulted for infected left polycystic renal. The serum creatinine level was 750 mmol/L, and urine culture isolated a E. Ecol germe. The abdominopelvic computed tomography showed a bilateral large polycystic renal cortex and suspected the infected cyst in lower pole of left kidney. The retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed confirming a renal invasive aspergillosa. About this case we should have a high index of suspicion for fungal aetiology in kidney infection in transplant patients and the management of non functioning infected polycystic kidney can use laparoscopic retroperitoneal nephrectomy. This approach can offers a minimal morbidity and alternative to open surgery.

  7. The rationale for surgical treatment of mesenteric and retroperitoneal cysts.

    PubMed

    Burkett, J S; Pickleman, J

    1994-06-01

    Mesenteric and retroperitoneal cysts are rare, usually asymptomatic lesions. Because of this, several recommendations in the literature caution against operative therapy in the absence of symptoms. During a recent 10 year period, six patients presented to our hospital with symptomatic mesenteric or retroperitoneal cysts; two of these patients were septic and had infection within the cyst. All six patients underwent excision with complete resolution of symptoms and no morbidity. With the advent of frequent abdominal CT scanning for a variety of reasons, it is likely that more of these lesions will be noted in the future. In view of the potential for development of symptoms and complications, we feel that any good risk patient found to harbor such a cyst should undergo complete excision.

  8. [The changes of intraabdominal pressure in patients with retroperitoneal bleeding].

    PubMed

    Smoliar, A N; Abakumov, M M

    2012-01-01

    The linear dependence of the intraabdominal pressure and the volume of retroperitoneal bleeding was revealed in 34 patients with the aortic aneurism rupture. In patients with the blunt abdominal trauma, treated conservatively and laparotomized (each group consisted of 26 patients), the intraabdominal pressure is higher in the operated group during the first day after the operation. The main factors of the intraabdominal hypertension seem to be shock and massive infusion and transfusion therapy. PMID:22951607

  9. Retroperitoneal Liposarcoma: Current Insights in Diagnosis and Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Matthyssens, Lucas E.; Creytens, David; Ceelen, Wim P.

    2015-01-01

    Retroperitoneal liposarcoma (RLS) is a rare, biologically heterogeneous tumor that present considerable challenges due to its size and deep location. As a consequence, the majority of patients with high-grade RLS will develop locally recurrent disease following surgery, and this constitutes the cause of death in most patients. Here, we review current insights and controversies regarding histology, molecular biology, extent of surgery, (neo)adjuvant treatment, and systemic treatment including novel targeted agents in RLS. PMID:25713799

  10. Pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma and retroperitoneal fibrosis in an adolescent.

    PubMed

    Young, Adam S; Binkovitz, Larry A; Adler, Brent H; Nicol, Kathleen K; Rennebohm, Robert M

    2007-01-01

    We describe a 15-year-old boy who developed pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma (PHG) and retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF). His PHG and RPF were not associated with histoplasmosis or tuberculosis and appeared to represent idiopathic autoimmune phenomena. This is the first reported case of PHG in a pediatric patient and the fourth reported co-occurrence of PHG and RPF. The use of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the diagnostic and follow-up evaluation of PHG is reported. PMID:17061085

  11. Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma: a rare presentation in childhood, treated laparoscopically.

    PubMed

    Singh, Rashmi R; Govindarajan, Krishna K; Bowen, Claire; Chandran, Harish

    2009-04-01

    Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma is a rare benign lesion of childhood. A 15-year-old girl underwent laparoscopic excision of such a cyst. On histopathological examination, the resection was complete. She had an uneventful recovery and remains asymptomatic. We report this in view of the rarity of this condition and also the unusual presentation of this case. Complete surgical excision via laparoscopy is a feasible option.

  12. High retroperitoneal lymphocele: unusual clinical presentation and diagnosis by ultrasonography.

    PubMed

    Fried, A M; Williams, C B; Litvak, A S

    1980-04-01

    A case of a mid lumbar lymphocele secondary to retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for testicular carcinoma is described. The clinical picture was unusual and confusing in that the symptoms were gastrointestinal in nature. Ultrasound provided the diagnosis and guidance for aspiration. Although the most common operative source of lymphocele formation appears to be the pelvic lymphatics similar collections may arise from para-aortic and renal hilar dissections and produce unusual manifestations. Ultrasound is of established value in such cases.

  13. Allantoic remnants presenting as a giant retroperitoneal cyst.

    PubMed

    Antic, S; Petrovic, J; Barisic, G; Dimitrijevic, I; Micev, M; Krivokapic, Z

    2007-01-01

    Urachal anomalies are usually found in early childhood or just after birth. These usually involve patent ductus urachus, urachal cyst, umbilical-urachal sinus or vesicourachal diverticulum. Very rarely are urachal anomalies found in adults, usully as an infected urachal cyst. We are presenting a case of surgically removed giant urachal retroperitoneal cyst that was found by chance during the abdominal ultrasound examination of a 22 year old man who was initially treated for idiopathic hypertension.

  14. [Lymphatic cyst of the retroperitoneal space (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    De Blasi, P; Scavelli, V; Martino, D

    1979-10-01

    The authors describe an enormous lymphatic cyst, occupying cephalad and of the retroperitoneal space on the left side, half of it filled with a liquid collection and the other half being solid, displacing and compressing the stomach, spleen, and left kidney and adrenal gland (the later showing evidence of athrophy as a result of compression), Witlial, the patient had no subjective complaints and gave no objective signs of illness beyond the mere evidence of a space-occupying mass.

  15. [Thoracic and retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomyomatosis. Value of lymphography].

    PubMed

    Caron-Poitreau, C; Racineux, J L; Raimbault, J P; Dauver, A

    1979-01-01

    Standard radiological examinations in a woman of 40 years of age with a pneumothorax and chylothorax revealed the presence of a posterior mediastinal mass compressing the oesophagus, and an interstitial syndrome. Retroperitoneal and mediastinal cystic lymphangiomas were found on lymphography. These findings are in accordance with the lymphangiomyomatosis described by Cornog and Enterline in 1966. The similarity between this disease and tuberculous sclerosis is underlined in present-day publications.

  16. [Isolated retrovesical and retroperitoneal hydatid cysts. 5 case reports].

    PubMed

    Bennani, S; el Mrini, M; Raji, A; Méziane, F; Benjelloun, S

    1992-01-01

    In the light of five cases of isolated retrovesical and retroperitoneal hydatid cysts, the characteristics of these rare locations are reviewed and the hypotheses of pathogenesis are discussed. An abdominal or abdomino-pelvic mass is the most frequent sign. Ultrasonography and computed tomography are valuable in the diagnosis of these lesions. Partial cysto-pericystectomy via an extraperitoneal approach is the treatment of choice for these hydatid cysts.

  17. [Isolated retrovesical and retroperitoneal hydatid cysts. 5 case reports].

    PubMed

    Bennani, S; el Mrini, M; Raji, A; Méziane, F; Benjelloun, S

    1992-01-01

    In the light of five cases of isolated retrovesical and retroperitoneal hydatid cysts, the characteristics of these rare locations are reviewed and the hypotheses of pathogenesis are discussed. An abdominal or abdomino-pelvic mass is the most frequent sign. Ultrasonography and computed tomography are valuable in the diagnosis of these lesions. Partial cysto-pericystectomy via an extraperitoneal approach is the treatment of choice for these hydatid cysts. PMID:1489169

  18. Retroperitoneal Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma: Imaging Findings and Transarterial Chemoembolization

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang Huojun Yang Jijin Lu Jianping; Sheng Jin; Yuan Min; Jiang Xu; Li Yuxiao; Gupta, Sanjay

    2010-04-15

    Extraskeletal osteosarcoma (EOS) is an uncommon and usually highly aggressive mesenchymal tumor. Retroperitoneal extraskeletal osteosarma (REOS) is exceedingly rare. Due to the rare nature of the disease, both the diagnosis and the management of REOS can be challenging. We present the clinical history, CT findings, angiographic manifestations, and use of transarterial chemoembolization for treatment in a case of REOS. To our knowledge, the angiographic features of and attempt at transarterial treatment of REOS have not been reported in the literature.

  19. Role of the inositol polyphosphate-4-phosphatase type II Inpp4b in the generation of ovarian teratomas

    PubMed Central

    Balakrishnan, Ashwini; Chaillet, J. Richard

    2012-01-01

    Teratomas are a unique class of tumors composed of ecto- meso- and endodermal tissues, all foreign to the site of origin. In humans, the most common teratoma is the ovarian teratoma. Not much is known about the molecular and genetic etiologies of these tumors. Female carriers of the Tgkd transgene are highly susceptible to developing teratomas. Ovaries of Tgkd/+ hemizygous female mice exhibit defects in luteinization, with numerous corpora lutea, some of which contain central trapped, fully-grown oocytes. Genetically, Tgkd teratomas originate from mature oocytes that have completed meiosis I, suggesting that Tgkd teratomas originate from these trapped oocytes. The insertion of Tgkd 3′ of the Inpp4b gene is associated with decreased expression of Inpp4b and changes in intracellular PI3 Kinase/AKT signaling in follicular granulosa cells. Because Inpp4b is not expressed in fully-grown wild-type or Tgkd oocytes, these findings suggest that hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT pathway caused by the decrease in INPP4B in granulosa cells promotes an ovarian environment defective in folliculogenesis and conducive to teratoma formation. PMID:23078915

  20. OpenTein: a database of digital whole-slide images of stem cell-derived teratomas.

    PubMed

    Park, Sung-Joon; Komiyama, Yusuke; Suemori, Hirofumi; Umezawa, Akihiro; Nakai, Kenta

    2016-01-01

    Human stem cells are promising sources for regenerative therapy. To ensure safety of future therapeutic applications, the differentiation potency of stem cells has to be tested and be widely opened to the public. The potency is generally assessed by teratoma formation comprising differentiated cells from all three germ layers, and the teratomas can be inspected through high-quality digital images. The teratoma assay, however, lacks consistency in transplantation protocols and even in interpretation, which needs community-based efforts for improving the assay quality. Here, we have developed a novel database OpenTein (Open Teratoma Investigation, http://opentein.hgc.jp/) to archive and freely distribute high-resolution whole-slide images and relevant records. OpenTein has been designed as a searchable, zoomable and annotatable web-based repository system. We have deposited 468 images of teratomas derived by our transplantation of human stem cells, and users can freely access and process such digital teratoma images. Approximately, the current version of OpenTein responds within 11.2 min for processing 2.03 gigapixel teratoma images. Our system offers valuable tools and resources in the new era of stem cell biology.

  1. OpenTein: a database of digital whole-slide images of stem cell-derived teratomas.

    PubMed

    Park, Sung-Joon; Komiyama, Yusuke; Suemori, Hirofumi; Umezawa, Akihiro; Nakai, Kenta

    2016-01-01

    Human stem cells are promising sources for regenerative therapy. To ensure safety of future therapeutic applications, the differentiation potency of stem cells has to be tested and be widely opened to the public. The potency is generally assessed by teratoma formation comprising differentiated cells from all three germ layers, and the teratomas can be inspected through high-quality digital images. The teratoma assay, however, lacks consistency in transplantation protocols and even in interpretation, which needs community-based efforts for improving the assay quality. Here, we have developed a novel database OpenTein (Open Teratoma Investigation, http://opentein.hgc.jp/) to archive and freely distribute high-resolution whole-slide images and relevant records. OpenTein has been designed as a searchable, zoomable and annotatable web-based repository system. We have deposited 468 images of teratomas derived by our transplantation of human stem cells, and users can freely access and process such digital teratoma images. Approximately, the current version of OpenTein responds within 11.2 min for processing 2.03 gigapixel teratoma images. Our system offers valuable tools and resources in the new era of stem cell biology. PMID:26496950

  2. A rare case of mature teratoma. Has FDG PET/CT a role to play?

    PubMed

    Mohapatra, Tushar; Arora, Abhishek; Srikant, K; Snehalata; Kumar, Nandish

    2011-04-01

    Authors describe a very rare case of mature teratoma with malignant transformation, preoperatively suggested by FDG PET/CT study. So the role of CT component in elucidating three embryonal components and hypermetabolism evident on PET part suggesting possible malignant transformation makes PET/CT a valuable modality in evaluation of these rare tumors.

  3. Sebaceous carcinoma arising in benign cystic teratoma of the ovary. Case report.

    PubMed

    Betta, P G; Cosimi, M F

    1984-01-01

    A case of sebaceous carcinoma in a benign cystic teratoma of the ovary is reported. Histogenesis is from adnexal sebaceous glands. Sebaceous metaplasia of either a squamous cell carcinoma or a salivary-gland malignant variant are excluded on histological ground.

  4. Benign sacrococcygeal teratoma incidentally found on routine scoliosis radiographs in a 12-year-old female: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Cunningham, Kelly M.; Chavhan, Govind B.; Ainsworth, Kelly E.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To describe the imaging characteristics of sacrococcygeal teratomas and to review appropriate diagnostic evaluation and management. Clinical Features: 12-year-old otherwise healthy, asymptomatic female with an incidental pelvic mass found on routine scoliosis radiographs. Intervention and Outcome: The pelvic mass was further evaluated by MRI and CT scan. Management consisted of successful surgical resection with no postoperative complications. Pathology confirmed a mature, benign, sacrococcygeal teratoma. Conclusions: Chiropractors manage patients with scoliosis, which may include radiographic surveillance. Familiarity with the radiographic features of masses such as sacrococcygeal teratomas is important for prompt diagnosis and management. PMID:27069263

  5. Primary Malignant Mixed Germ Cell Tumour with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Mandible; A Rare Entity

    PubMed Central

    Paul, Arun; Parmar, Harshad; Chacko, Rabin

    2015-01-01

    Germ cell Tumours (GCT) are neoplasm derived from germ cells. GCT usually occurs inside the gonads. Extragonadal GCT’s are rare. Most common GCT associated with head and neck region are the teratomas. Of the few teratomas found in the head and neck, malignant transformation of a teratomatous element is very uncommon, and primary bone involvement within the head and neck is even rare. We present a case of primary malignant mixed germ cell Tumour involving the mandible, the present case presented malignant transformation of the epithelial component showing foci of squamous cell carcinoma within the GCT. PMID:26266228

  6. [Ultrasonic and computerized tomographic examinations in the diagnosis of suppurative-inflammatory diseases of organs of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space].

    PubMed

    Portnoĭ, L M; Arablinskiĭ, A V

    1993-01-01

    Comprehensive ultrasonic and x-ray computer-aided tomographic (RCAT) examinations were carried out in 97 patients with 120 pyo-inflammatory foci in the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space. On the whole the sensitivity of ultrasonic examinations was 68%, that of RCAT 88%. RCAT was superior to ultrasonic examinations in the diagnosis of extra-organic (inter-intestinal, subdiaphragm, etc.) involvement, pancreonecrosis, and splenic abscesses. The advantages of this method were not so evident in the detection of liver and kidney abscesses and of gauze postoperative foreign bodies. Potentialities of an ultrasonic method were somewhat superior in localization of a pathologic focus in the pancreas in differentiation from a common cyst. Ultrasonic examinations should be widely used as a primary method and should to a certain measure determine the necessity of RCAT use in the diagnosis of pyo-inflammatory diseases of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space organs.

  7. Hypopituitarism due to lymphocytic hypophysitis in a patient with retroperitoneal fibrosis.

    PubMed Central

    Alvarez, A.; Cordido, F.; Sacristán, F.

    1997-01-01

    We present a 78-year-old woman with clinical acute hypopituitarism in whom pathologic findings showed lymphocytic hypophysitis and retroperitoneal fibrosis. Lymphocytic hypophysitis should be included in the differential diagnosis of hypopituitarism at any age. The association with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis suggest an autoimmune origin for this entity. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:9519190

  8. [Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomas in adults: four case reports and review of the literature].

    PubMed

    Tohmé, Cyril; Ata, Toufic; Ghorra, Claude; Noun, Roger; Abboud, Bassam; Sarkis, Riad

    2008-01-01

    Retroperitoneal location of cystic lymphangiomas in adult patients is rare. Their clinical presentation is not specific. Magnetic resonance imaging is the best radiological exam for the diagnosis. These tumors must be distinguished from mesenteric cysts which are more frequent and can degenerate. The authors report four cases of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma with a literature review.

  9. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a rare case showing the characteristic imaging feature of milk of calcium.

    PubMed

    Hisatomi, E; Miyajima, K; Yasumori, K; Okamura, H; Nonaka, M; Watanabe, J; Muranaka, T; Mori, H

    2003-01-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital anomalies of the primitive foregut that are usually found above the diaphragm, and a retroperitoneal location is extremely unusual. Due to the low prevalence of these pathologies, their imaging features have seldom been described. We report a rare case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst showing characteristic imaging features of milk of calcium on plain abdominal radiography and computed tomography.

  10. Robot-assisted laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in clinical stage II testicular cancer.

    PubMed

    Annerstedt, Magnus; Gudjonsson, Sigurdur; Wullt, Björn; Uvelius, Bengt

    2008-09-01

    Robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissections were performed in three patients after chemotherapy for clinical stage II testicular cancer. Although our experience is still limited, we think that the outcomes of the cases suggest a role for robot-assisted surgery in selected cases undergoing post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. PMID:27628259

  11. Retroperitoneal fibrosis: case series of five patients and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Shiber, Shacahf; Eliakim-Raz, Noa; Yair, Molad

    2016-01-01

    Chronic periaortitis (CP) is an umbrella term used to describe a group of nosologically allied conditions that include idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (Ormond's disease), inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm, and perianeurysmal retroperitoneal fibrosis. Retroperitoneal fibrosis encompasses a range of diseases characterized by the presence of a fibro-inflammatory tissue, which usually surrounds the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries and extends into the retroperitoneum to envelop neighboring structures-ureters. Retroperitoneal fibrosis is generally idiopathic, but can also be secondary to the use of certain drugs, malignant diseases, infections, and surgery. Here we describe a 5 years follow-up (2006-2011) of 5 patients admitted to our hospital with symptoms, laboratory, imaging and pathologic finding compatible with retroperitoneal fibrosis. We review our clinical course of our patient with respect to the literature.

  12. Retroperitoneal fibrosis: case series of five patients and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Shiber, Shacahf; Eliakim-Raz, Noa; Yair, Molad

    2016-01-01

    Chronic periaortitis (CP) is an umbrella term used to describe a group of nosologically allied conditions that include idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (Ormond's disease), inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm, and perianeurysmal retroperitoneal fibrosis. Retroperitoneal fibrosis encompasses a range of diseases characterized by the presence of a fibro-inflammatory tissue, which usually surrounds the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries and extends into the retroperitoneum to envelop neighboring structures-ureters. Retroperitoneal fibrosis is generally idiopathic, but can also be secondary to the use of certain drugs, malignant diseases, infections, and surgery. Here we describe a 5 years follow-up (2006-2011) of 5 patients admitted to our hospital with symptoms, laboratory, imaging and pathologic finding compatible with retroperitoneal fibrosis. We review our clinical course of our patient with respect to the literature. PMID:27267521

  13. Laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for a patient with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis: A case report.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Ryo; Kameyama, Hitoshi; Shioi, Ikuma; Ikeda, Yoshiyuki; Hatakeyama, Satoru; Maruta, Tomoaki; Tsukahara, Akihiro; Tanaka, Norio; Shimoda, Satoshi; Wakai, Toshifumi

    2016-08-01

    A 62-year-old man with abdominal pain and lumbago was admitted to our hospital. Blood examination revealed renal insufficiency, and CT revealed retroperitoneal fibrosis causing bilateral hydrocele and ureteral compression. A colonoscopy was performed to rule out secondary retroperitoneal fibrosis due to malignancies, and this imaging revealed an ascending colon cancer. Laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with lymphadenectomy and retroperitoneal biopsy were performed. The retroperitoneum was filled with hard, white fibrous tissue, which made it difficult to mobilize the right mesocolon from the retroperitoneum. Devascularization performed before mobilization allowed for a safe and oncologically feasible procedure. Histologically, there were no malignant cells in the retroperitoneal tissue. The patient has been without colon cancer reoccurrence for 4 years. When the surgical challenges that distinguish these patients from ordinary cases are recognized preoperatively, laparoscopic colectomy may be a feasible option for patients with colorectal cancer with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis.

  14. Giant cystic leiomyoma of the uterus occupying the retroperitoneal space.

    PubMed

    Funaki, Kaoru; Fukunishi, Hidenobu; Tsuji, Yoshihiko; Maeda, Tetsuo; Takahashi, Takuya

    2013-12-01

    A 31-year-old nulliparous woman visited our hospital complaining of abdominal distension. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a 40 × 40 × 30-cm, multilocular cystic mass extending from the upper abdomen to the pelvis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a cystic tumor that was hypointense on T1-weighted images and was heterogeneously hyperintense on T2-weighted images. The final diagnosis was an 8 kg leiomyoma with cystic degeneration. Uterine leiomyomas are common benign tumors in females of reproductive age. However, subserosal leiomyomas with complete cystic degeneration of the retroperitoneal space are rare, and they are difficult to accurately diagnosis without pathological examination.

  15. [A case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst treated by laparoscopic surgery].

    PubMed

    Kohno, Mitsuru; Namura, Kazuhiro; Fujikawa, Atsushi; Sawada, Takuto; Oota, Jun-ichi; Moriyama, Masatoshi

    2013-06-01

    A 51-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of continuing back pain for 2 weeks. Computed tomography revealed a mass 30x40 mm in diameter adjacent to the left adrenal gland. We performed laparoscopic surgery in order to relieve the symptoms and make a diagnosis. Because there was adhesion between the mass and gastric wall, the mass was resected together with the gastric wall. Histopathological findings revealed the cyst with ciliated columunar epithelium and the final diagnosis was retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. There was no evidence of malignancy and the back pain disappeared.

  16. [Hibernoma: brown fat retroperitoneal tumor. Report of a pediatric case].

    PubMed

    Collado, Laura; Sierre, Sergio; Bosalec, Andrea; Lipsich, José

    2011-12-01

    Hibernoma is a rare benign tumor of soft tissue, composed of brown fat. This tissue is predominant in hibernating animals and hence its name. Because of its rarity in Pediatrics and difficult diagnosis, we report a 3 month-old patient with a diagnosis consistent with an abdominal tumor. Ultrasound and computed tomography exams showed an infiltrative retroperitoneal tumor, with hypervascular and lipomatous features. After tumor excision, histopathological exam confirmed the diagnosis of hibernoma or brown fat tumor. This presentation describes the characteristics of this type of tumor, rare in children, and reviews the fatty tumors, according to their frequency in pediatric patients.

  17. [Cystic neoformations of the retroperitoneal space (4 case reports)].

    PubMed

    Danieli, D; Serio, G; Tenchini, P; Iacono, C; Benetti, R; Nifosí, F; Mongelli, D; Marini, F

    1983-04-01

    Based on the study of four cases of retroperitoneal cysts, the complex histopathogenesis of these neoplasms - the clinical diagnosis of which has recorded substantial progress thanks to the use of the computed tomography - has been analyzed. The practice of exeresis, though comparatively simple and radical in most cases (as recorded in 3 out of the 4 cases reported) owing to the little adhesions of these neoplasms to the contiguous anatomical formations and also to their histological benignity, may, in some instances, present such unexpected difficulties due to the expansion in volume and the complex and delicate anatomical connections, that palliative operations have to be opted for.

  18. Retroperitoneal abscess: a rare localization of tubercular infection.

    PubMed

    Karoui, Sami; Bibani, Norsaf; Ouaz, Afef; Serghini, Meriem; Chebbi, Faouzi; Nouira, Kais; Chelly, Ines; Boubaker, Jalel; Ben Safta, Zoubeir; Menif, Emna; Zitouna, Moncef; Filali, Azza

    2010-01-01

    Incidence of tuberculosis infection has considerably increased during the past 20 years due to the HIV pandemic and continues to be one of the most prevalent and deadly infections worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis lacks specific clinical manifestation and can mimic many diseases. It can invade neighbouring tissue and form a big cyst with manifesting clinical symptoms. We describe a rare case of 31-year-old immunocompetent man affected by a retroperitoneal abscess secondary to tubercular infection. Exploratory laparotomy and histopathological examinations of tissue were required for achieving diagnosis of tuberculosis. No pulmonary or spinal involvement was identified. The patient was successfully treated with standard four-drug antitubercular therapy.

  19. [A case of retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma of borderline malignancy].

    PubMed

    Nagata, J; Yamauchi, M; Terabe, K; Watanabe, T; Ichihara, H; Takagi, H; Nakashima, N

    1987-04-01

    Surgical experience of a rare case of malignant retroperitoneal cyst is reported. A 41-year-old female was admitted on Feb. 26, 1986, complaining of left lower abdominal tumor and mild abdominal pain. She underwent complete removal of an abdominal tumor located at the left flank lateral to the sigmoid colon on March 5. The tumor was well encapsulated, cystic and oval, 12 X 10 X 9 cm in size. Histologic feature of the tumor is classified as mucinous cystadenoma of low grade malignancy by WHO classification.

  20. Retroperitoneal multilocular bronchogenic cyst adjacent to adrenal gland.

    PubMed

    Yang, S W; Linton, J A; Ryu, S J; Shin, D H; Park, C S

    1999-10-01

    Bronchogenic cysts are generally found in the mediastinum, particularly posterior to the carina, but they rarely occur in such unusual sites as the skin, subcutaneous tissue, pericardium, and even the retroperitoneum. A 30-year-old Korean man underwent surgery to remove a cystic adrenal mass incidentally discovered during routine physical checkup. At surgery, it proved to be a multilocular cyst located in the retroperitoneum adjacent to the left adrenal gland. Microscopically, the cyst was lined by respiratory epithelium over connective tissue with submucous glands, cartilage and smooth muscle, thereby histologically confirming bronchogenic cyst. This is the first reported case of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in an adult without other congenital anomalies in Korea.

  1. [Isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst. Apropos of 2 new cases].

    PubMed

    Amar, J; Garnier, J; Faraj, A; Taobane, H; Aovame, H; Oukheira, H; Moulay, I

    1983-01-01

    Hydatid disease in endemic countries is common but an isolated retroperitoneal localisation is rare. After a review of the aetiopathogenesis and clinical aspects, the authors express the opinion that safe, rapid and reliable technique of echotomography is the key investigation in obtaining a positive diagnosis. In terms of its course, the histopathological appearances are those of a locally malignant tumour which as a preferential and severe effect on renal function. Surgery is the only valid method for eradication of the parasite and freeing the urinary tract.

  2. Identification and surgical management of cystic retroperitoneal lymphangioma in children.

    PubMed

    Waldhausen, J H; Holterman, M J; Tapper, D

    1996-04-01

    Retroperitoneal lymphangiomas are rare, benign cystic structures that are best evaluated with computed tomography and ultrasound. Preoperative diagnosis is often difficult, in part because there is little to distinguish them from other cystic masses and because the lesion is often not considered on the differential diagnosis. Surgery may be required as both a diagnostic and therapeutic measure. The cysts may be asymptomatic for years and then present because of compression of surrounding structures or pain. The treatment is as complete surgical excision as is possible. Bowel cleansing should be done preoperatively. The long-term results are excellent when total excision or near-total excision with marsupialization is accomplished.

  3. [Importance of tomodensitometry in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors].

    PubMed

    Braedel, H U; Schindlec, E; Rzehak, L

    1983-01-01

    3 patients are presented who were admitted with the suspected urographic diagnosis of a "retroperitoneal tumor". A battery of additional investigations had not led to a definite diagnosis in the patients with an aortic aneurysm, a large dermoid cyst and a small bowel sarcoma infiltrating into the retroperitoneum. Among the 3 cases, only the dermoid cyst, could not be recognized angiographically. CT, however, provided the correct diagnosis in all 3 patients. Only one additional barium study in a patient with a small bowel sarcoma was necessary for further confirmation of the diagnosis.

  4. Possible Role of Hormones in Treatment of Metastatic Testicular Teratomas: Tumour Regression with Medroxyprogesterone Acetate

    PubMed Central

    Bloom, H. J. G.; Hendry, W. F.

    1973-01-01

    Three patients in a consecutive series of 16 cases of metastatic mallgnant teratoma testis have shown well-marked tumour regression during hormone treatment. In two cases multiple lung metastases had previously failed to respond to actinomycin D therapy, and following treatment with medroxyprogesterone acetate one patient had well-marked selective tumour regression for nine months while the other is alive, well, and free from disease at seven years. The third case was treated with a combination of actinomycin D and medroxyprogesterone acetate and is alive and disease-free at two years. Attention is drawn to this preliminary study in the hope of stimulating interest in the possible value of hormones, either alone or combined with chemotherapy and irradiation, in the treatment of metastatic testicular teratoma. Multicentre prospective clinical trials are now needed if knowledge is to be advanced in this field. ImagesFIG. 1FIG. 2FIG. 3FIG. 6FIG. 7FIG. 8 PMID:4726928

  5. Management of Giant Cervical Teratoma with Intracranial Extension Diagnosed in Utero

    PubMed Central

    Thawani, Jayesh P.; Randazzo, Michael J.; Singh, Nickpreet; Pisapia, Jared M.; Abdullah, Kalil G.; Storm, Phillip B.

    2016-01-01

    Cervical teratomas are rare germ cell tumors affecting the fetus that are associated with significant morbidity and mortality due to an increased risk of airway obstruction at delivery. These tumors can commonly produce polyhydramnios that results from the fetus' impaired ability to swallow amniotic fluid. Improved rates of prenatal diagnosis through comprehensive evaluations and imaging have dramatically impacted the perinatal management of infants with this condition. Here, we report a patient diagnosed with polyhydramnios whose fetus was discovered to have a giant cervical teratoma on imaging studies. The child underwent surgical resection after having the airway secured under the uteroplacental support as part of an ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure performed at 37 weeks. The following gross pathological and magnetic resonance images demonstrate this condition and its currently accepted treatment. PMID:27468407

  6. A Novel Treatment-Responsive Encephalitis with Frequent Opsoclonus and Teratoma

    PubMed Central

    Armangue, Thaís; Titulaer, Maarten J.; Sabater, Lidia; Pardo-Moreno, Javier; Gresa-Arribas, Nuria; Barbero-Bordallo, Natalia; Kelley, Gordon R.; Kyung-Ha, Noh; Takeda, Akitoshi; Nagao, Takahiro; Takahashi, Yukitoshi; Lizcano, Angélica; Carr, Aisling S.; Graus, Francesc; Dalmau, Josep

    2016-01-01

    Among 249 patients with teratoma-associated encephalitis, 211 had N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antibodies and 38 were negative for these antibodies. Whereas antibody-positive patients rarely developed prominent brainstem–cerebellar symptoms, 22 (58%) antibody-negative patients developed a brainstem–cerebellar syndrome, which in 45% occurred with opsoclonus. The median age of these patients was 28.5 years (range = 12–41), 91% were women, and 74% had full recovery after therapy and tumor resection. These findings uncover a novel phenotype of paraneoplastic opsoclonus that until recently was likely considered idiopathic or postinfectious. The triad of young age (teenager to young adult), systemic teratoma, and high response to treatment characterize this novel brain-stem–cerebellar syndrome. PMID:23613036

  7. Management of Giant Cervical Teratoma with Intracranial Extension Diagnosed in Utero.

    PubMed

    Thawani, Jayesh P; Randazzo, Michael J; Singh, Nickpreet; Pisapia, Jared M; Abdullah, Kalil G; Storm, Phillip B

    2016-07-01

    Cervical teratomas are rare germ cell tumors affecting the fetus that are associated with significant morbidity and mortality due to an increased risk of airway obstruction at delivery. These tumors can commonly produce polyhydramnios that results from the fetus' impaired ability to swallow amniotic fluid. Improved rates of prenatal diagnosis through comprehensive evaluations and imaging have dramatically impacted the perinatal management of infants with this condition. Here, we report a patient diagnosed with polyhydramnios whose fetus was discovered to have a giant cervical teratoma on imaging studies. The child underwent surgical resection after having the airway secured under the uteroplacental support as part of an ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure performed at 37 weeks. The following gross pathological and magnetic resonance images demonstrate this condition and its currently accepted treatment. PMID:27468407

  8. Retroperitoneal perforation of the duodenum from biliary stent erosion.

    PubMed

    Miller, George; Yim, Duke; Macari, Michael; Harris, Marsha; Shamamian, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Endoscopically placed biliary stents have supplanted surgical decompression as the preferred treatment option for patients with obstructive jaundice from advanced pancreatic cancer. An unusual complication of indewelling biliary stents is duodenal perforation into the retroperitoneum. We describe the case of a patient with end-stage pancreatic cancer who presented with an acute abdomen from erosion of a previously placed bile duct stent through the wall of the second portion of the duodenum. Although our patient presented with advanced symptoms, clinical presentations can vary from mild abdominal discomfort and general malaise to overt septic shock. Definitive diagnosis is best made with computed tomography (CT) imaging, which can detect traces of retroperitoneal air and fluid. Treatment options vary from nonoperative management with antibiotics, bowel rest, and parenteral alimentation in the most stable patients to definitive surgery with complete diversion of gastric contents and biliary flow from the affected area in patients with clinical symptoms or radiologic evidence suggesting extensive contamination. Complications of management can include duodenal fistulization, residual retroperitoneal or intrabdominal abscess, and ongoing sepsis. This report highlights the salient issues in the presentation, diagnosis, and modern management of patients with this rare complication of indwelling biliary stents.

  9. Heterotopic gastrointestinal mucosa and pancreatic tissue in a retroperitoneal tumor.

    PubMed

    Hashimoto, Naoki; Hakamada, Kenichi; Narumi, Shunji; Totsuka, Eishi; Aoki, Kazunori; Kamata, Yoshimasa; Sasaki, Mutsuo

    2006-01-01

    We believe that this is the first report of a retroperitoneal tumor consisting of heterotopic gastrointestinal mucosa and pancreatic tissue. The patient was a 19-year-old woman with the chief complaint being occasional back pain. Abdominal computerized tomography demonstrated a 3.1 x 2.5 x 3.2-cm low-density solid and cystic lesion adjoining the left renal vein between the aorta and inferior vena cava. Angiography revealed that the inferior vena cava was displaced by the hypovascular tumor. The retroperitoneal lesion was diagnosed preoperatively as a benign tumor such as a neurogenic neoplasm or lymphangioma. At laparotomy, a cystic tumor was found, which existed behind the inferior vena cava and renal vessels, and contained reddish-brown fluid, suggesting hemorrhage in the past. The cut surface of the tumor showed a unilocular cyst with partially hypertrophic wall. Histopathological examination revealed a cystic tumor lined with heterotopic gastric and duodenal mucosa, with pancreatic tissue in the muscularis propria. In addition, evidence of bleeding from the gastric mucosa was observed in the cystic tumor. External secretion from these tissues could have triggered the hemorrhage and expanded the tumor, possibly resulting in the back pain.

  10. Immunohistochemical analysis of retroperitoneal Müllerian cyst.

    PubMed

    Konishi, Eiichi; Nakashima, Yasuaki; Iwasaki, Takeki

    2003-02-01

    Retroperitoneal cysts are uncommon diseases, and benign nonneoplastic Müllerian cysts are extremely rare among the known cases. We report a case of a 35-year-old woman with a retroperitoneal Müllerian cyst with the tubal type of epithelium. The patient presented with a large (20 cm in diameter), palpable abdominal mass. This multilocular cystic mass was resected from the retroperitoneum between the descending colon and the left renal fascia. Histologically, it was lined by monolayered low-cuboidal to columnar cells without atypia that resembled tubal epithelium, including cilia. Loose fibrous tissue and incomplete smooth muscle bundles were identified beneath the epithelium of the lining. Immunohistochemical tests showed that the lining cells were strongly positive for cytokeratins (CKs) (polyclonal, 7, 18, CAM 5.2, AE1/AE3), epithelial membrane antigen, cancer antigen 125, progesterone receptor, and estrogen receptor. The lining cells were also occasionally weakly positive for CK5/6. They tested negative for CK20, carcinoembryonic antigen, calretinin, and CD 10.

  11. Ovary-preserving tumorectomy for immature teratoma in an adolescent--case report.

    PubMed

    Djukic, M; Stankovic, Z; Vasiljevic, M; Vranes, B; Savic, D; Djuricic, S

    2014-01-01

    The authors present a case of a 14-year-old premenarchal girl with a large solid tumor of the left ovary. The rim of normal ovarian tissue was visible around the tumor on ultrasonography scan. Although the levels of two tumor markers, LDH and CA125, were elevated, the authors performed an organ-sparing tumorectomy. The final pathology report revealed foci of immature neural tissue, with a final diagnosis immature teratoma Stage Ia. PMID:24772930

  12. Cystic teratoma mimicking recurrent pleural effusion, complicated by Mycobacterium abscessus infection

    PubMed Central

    Mohd Radzi, Adli Azam; Bakar, Nor Salmah; Mohd Khalid, Mohd Shukry; Ismail, Ahmad Izuanuddin; Abdul Rani, Mohamed Fauzi

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Teratomas of anterior mediastinum are rare. They are often slow growing, asymptomatic, and detected incidentally on chest imaging. Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) is an acid‐fast bacillus that is classified as a pathogenic “rapid growing” non‐tuberculous mycobacteria. It is an uncommon cause of human pathology, which may cause skin and soft tissue infection after skin injury following inoculation, minor trauma, and surgery. Here, we present an unusual case of benign cystic teratoma mimicking recurrent pleural effusion, which was subsequently complicated by M. abscessus infection following thoracotomy. Cystic teratoma is rare, but it needs to be considered whenever clinical and investigative work‐up fails to provide a convincing diagnosis. A combined clinical, radiological, surgical, and histopathological assessment is important to arrive at the correct diagnosis. Rapidly growing mycobacteria needs to be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with non‐resolving infected post‐thoracotomy wound and who do not respond to broad‐spectrum antibiotics. PMID:27516884

  13. Carcinoid tumor arising in a mature cystic teratoma: A case report

    PubMed Central

    TOSUNER, ZEYNEP; SÖNMEZ, FATMA CAVİDE; ARICI, DİLEK SEMA; DANSUK, RAMAZAN

    2015-01-01

    Mature cystic teratomas are common benign tumors of the ovary. The most common form of malignant transformation is squamous cell carcinoma, however, malignant transformation is rarely observed and cases are usually asymptomatic. Carcinoid tumors are rare tumors of the neuroendocrine system. A number of the carcinoids result in clinical syndromes due to the secretion of vasoactive substances produced by the tumor. A 75-year-old woman suffering from groin pain was admitted to the Faculty of Medicine at Bezmialem Vakıf University (Istanbul, Turkey). An adnexal mass was detected during the physical examination. Magnetic resonance imaging scans exhibited an 8×7-cm mass in the right ovary. Surgical excision of the mass was performed and histopathological examination revealed a mature cystic teratoma with three germ layers. An area consisting of nests and trabeculae was evident in the cyst wall. The pathological diagnosis was of an insular and trabecular variant of carcinoid tumor arising in a mature cystic teratoma. The patient did not present with carcinoid syndrome, and no recurrence was observed after 11 months of follow-up examinations. PMID:26137048

  14. Suprasellar Mature Cystic Teratoma: An Unusual Location for an Uncommon Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Sweiss, Raed B.; Sweiss, Fadi B.; Dalvin, Lauren; Siddiqi, Javed

    2013-01-01

    Intracranial germ cell tumors are uncommon and account for only 0.3–3.4% of all intracranial tumors. Teratomas are a subset of these neoplasms, and their finding in brain structures is exceptionally rare, and occurrence within the skull base is quite novel. The authors report the case of a 57-year-old male patient who presented with vision changes, incontinence, ataxia, and altered mental status of 1 week's duration. Imaging revealed a large intrasellar mass with suprasellar extension, involvement of the ventricular system, and marked hydrocephalus with the enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. The patient underwent a pterional craniotomy/transsylvian approach for resection of the mass. Postoperative histological examination of the resected mass was confirmatory for a mature cystic teratoma. This was followed by radiotherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, and adjuvant radiotherapy. At the most recent followup, approximately 4 years later, the patient is doing well with improved vision since the operation. This report highlights our experience with a teratoma in a very unusual location, and we review the relevant literature. PMID:24198987

  15. Cystic teratoma mimicking recurrent pleural effusion, complicated by Mycobacterium abscessus infection.

    PubMed

    Mohd Esa, Nurul Yaqeen; Mohd Radzi, Adli Azam; Bakar, Nor Salmah; Mohd Khalid, Mohd Shukry; Ismail, Ahmad Izuanuddin; Abdul Rani, Mohamed Fauzi

    2016-05-01

    Teratomas of anterior mediastinum are rare. They are often slow growing, asymptomatic, and detected incidentally on chest imaging. Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) is an acid-fast bacillus that is classified as a pathogenic "rapid growing" non-tuberculous mycobacteria. It is an uncommon cause of human pathology, which may cause skin and soft tissue infection after skin injury following inoculation, minor trauma, and surgery. Here, we present an unusual case of benign cystic teratoma mimicking recurrent pleural effusion, which was subsequently complicated by M. abscessus infection following thoracotomy. Cystic teratoma is rare, but it needs to be considered whenever clinical and investigative work-up fails to provide a convincing diagnosis. A combined clinical, radiological, surgical, and histopathological assessment is important to arrive at the correct diagnosis. Rapidly growing mycobacteria needs to be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with non-resolving infected post-thoracotomy wound and who do not respond to broad-spectrum antibiotics. PMID:27516884

  16. Mature Ovarian Teratoma with Carcinoid Tumor in a 28-Year-Old Patient

    PubMed Central

    Petousis, Stamatios; Kalogiannidis, Ioannis; Margioula-Siarkou, Chrysoula; Traianos, Alexandros; Miliaras, Dimosthenis; Kamparoudis, Apostolos; Mamopoulos, Apostolos; Rousso, David

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Coexistence of carcinoid tumor inside a mature cystic teratoma is an extremely rare phenomenon, especially in young women. We present the case of a 28-year-old woman diagnosed with a right ovarian carcinoid and treated uneventfully with conservative surgical approach. Case Report. A 28-year-old woman, gravid 0, parity 0, presented to our department for her annual gynecological examination and Pap smear test. During her examination, a mobile cystic mass was detected in the right lower abdomen. Ultrasound indicated a right ovarian mass 10.5 × 6.3 cm, confirmed by CT scan. Further investigation revealed AFP levels (1539 ng/mL). The ovarian mass was excised by laparoscopy, leaving intact the remaining right ovary. Frozen sections showed a mature cystic teratoma. However, paraffin sections revealed the presence of a small carcinoid within the teratoma's gastric-type mucosa. The patient was set to a close followup. Nine months postoperatively, ultrasound pelvis imaging and CT scan of the abdomen as well as serum tumor markers have shown no evidence of recurrence disease. Conclusion. Despite the weak evidence, fertility spare surgical approach for women wanting to preserve their genital tract might be a reasonable option. PMID:23984130

  17. Repair of Ischemic Injury by Pluripotent Stem Cell Based Cell Therapy without Teratoma through Selective Photosensitivity.

    PubMed

    Cho, Seung-Ju; Kim, So-Yeon; Jeong, Ho-Chang; Cheong, Hyeonsik; Kim, Doseok; Park, Soon-Jung; Choi, Jong-Jin; Kim, Hyongbum; Chung, Hyung-Min; Moon, Sung-Hwan; Cha, Hyuk-Jin

    2015-12-01

    Stem-toxic small molecules have been developed to induce selective cell death of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) to lower the risk of teratoma formation. However, despite their high efficacies, chemical-based approaches may carry unexpected toxicities on specific differentiated cell types. Herein, we took advantage of KillerRed (KR) as a suicide gene, to selectively induce phototoxicity using visible light via the production of reactive oxygen species. PSCs in an undifferentiated state that exclusively expressed KR (KR-PSCs) were eliminated by a single exposure to visible light. This highly selective cell death in KR-PSCs was exploited to successfully inhibit teratoma formation. In particular, endothelial cells from KR-mPSCs remained fully functional in vitro and sufficient to repair ischemic injury in vivo regardless of light exposure, suggesting that a genetic approach in which KR is expressed in a tightly controlled manner would be a viable strategy to inhibit teratoma formation for future safe PSC-based therapies.

  18. Bronchogenic cyst mimicking an adrenal mass in the retroperitoneal region: report of a rare case.

    PubMed

    Bulut, Gulay; Bulut, Mehmet Deniz; Bahadır, Inci; Kotan, Çetin

    2015-01-01

    We report the surgical excision of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst that presented as a nonfunctioning left adrenal mass in a 25-year-old woman with continuous pain in the left flank. Preoperative biochemical testing confirmed that the mass was nonfunctional. Bronchogenic cysts are mostly benign congenital abnormalities that originate from the remnants of the primitive foregut and typically occur in the lung. Subdiaphragmatic and especially, retroperitoneal locations are rare. Despite the rarity of this pathologic entity, bronchogenic cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions. Diagnosis must be definitively confirmed by histology.

  19. A Case of Laparoscopic Excision of a Huge Retroperitoneal Cystic Lymphangioma

    PubMed Central

    Yagihashi, Yusuke; Kato, Keiji; Nagahama, Kanji; Yamamoto, Masakazu; Kanamaru, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma is a rare benign tumor. Most patients eventually experience some symptoms that necessitate therapeutic intervention. Excision is the treatment of choice, and some cases of laparoscopic resection have been reported. We report another case of a huge retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma that was successfully excised laparoscopically with the SAND balloon catheter. Large cystic lymphangioma was downsized by puncturing and aspirated with the SAND balloon catheter. Laparoscopic surgical technique should be considered for treatment of selected cystic lesions of retroperitoneal origin. PMID:22606623

  20. Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma section imaging in two cases, and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Feldberg, M A; Hendriks, A V; Van Leeuwen, M S; Witkamp, T D; Obertop, H

    1990-03-01

    Two patients with retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma are reported with a review of the medical literature. In one, the patient was asymptomatic from the lesion but had a computed tomography (CT) and an ultrasound to evaluate the extent of disease with a known carcinoma of the colon. The second patient presented with an acute abdominal pain requiring surgical management. CT on this patient showed multiple cystlike cavities filled with fluid, in a retroperitoneal location. The preoperative diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma was confirmed at surgery. Magnetic resonance (MR) performed on the second patient gave better delineation of craniocaudal extent and showed one of the cysts to have probable hemorrhage.

  1. Intra-operative haemodynamic volatility in a patient undergoing retroperitoneal cyst excision.

    PubMed

    Tantry, Thrivikrama Padur; Shenoy, Sunil P; Shetty, Pramal; Adappa, Karunakara K

    2012-03-01

    Excision of a suspected retroperitoneal, duodenal duplication cyst was performed in a pre-operatively normotensive patient under combined epidural and general anaesthesia. Intraoperatively, the cystic tumour was discovered to be a retroperitoneal mass, free from duodenal or adrenal origin. Development of severe arrhythmias, ST segment changes and hypertensive spikes during cyst handling and dissection suggested the possibility of a catecholamine-secreting tumour. These were managed effectively with pharmacological agents. Subsequently, histopathology of the specimen revealed a paraganglioma. Vasoactive tumour has to be suspected in every patient undergoing anaesthesia for retroperitoneal cystic lesion.

  2. Intra-operative haemodynamic volatility in a patient undergoing retroperitoneal cyst excision

    PubMed Central

    Tantry, Thrivikrama Padur; Shenoy, Sunil P; Shetty, Pramal; Adappa, Karunakara K

    2012-01-01

    Excision of a suspected retroperitoneal, duodenal duplication cyst was performed in a pre-operatively normotensive patient under combined epidural and general anaesthesia. Intraoperatively, the cystic tumour was discovered to be a retroperitoneal mass, free from duodenal or adrenal origin. Development of severe arrhythmias, ST segment changes and hypertensive spikes during cyst handling and dissection suggested the possibility of a catecholamine-secreting tumour. These were managed effectively with pharmacological agents. Subsequently, histopathology of the specimen revealed a paraganglioma. Vasoactive tumour has to be suspected in every patient undergoing anaesthesia for retroperitoneal cystic lesion. PMID:22701212

  3. A retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst communicating with the right upper ureter in an infant.

    PubMed

    Bal, Harshjeet Singh; Kisku, Sundeep; Sen, Sudipta; Masih, Dipti

    2014-01-01

    We report an extremely rare case of isolated retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst with gastric mucosa causing haematuria and dysuria by communicating with the urinary system. A 9-month-old male child was admitted to our hospital with persistent haematuria, dysuria and anaemia. Investigations revealed a retroperitoneal cyst abutting the hydronephrotic non-functioning right kidney. At surgery an isolated retroperitoneal cyst communicating with the right pelviureteric junction was found. The kidney and associated cyst were excised. Histology of the cystic lesion revealed an enteric duplication cyst lined by ectopic gastric mucosa. Isolated retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst communicating with the urinary tract has not been previously reported in the English literature. We propose that acid secretion into the right renal system was the cause of the haematuria-dysuria syndrome which promptly resolved postoperatively. PMID:24813198

  4. A retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst communicating with the right upper ureter in an infant

    PubMed Central

    Bal, Harshjeet Singh; Kisku, Sundeep; Sen, Sudipta; Masih, Dipti

    2014-01-01

    We report an extremely rare case of isolated retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst with gastric mucosa causing haematuria and dysuria by communicating with the urinary system. A 9-month-old male child was admitted to our hospital with persistent haematuria, dysuria and anaemia. Investigations revealed a retroperitoneal cyst abutting the hydronephrotic non-functioning right kidney. At surgery an isolated retroperitoneal cyst communicating with the right pelviureteric junction was found. The kidney and associated cyst were excised. Histology of the cystic lesion revealed an enteric duplication cyst lined by ectopic gastric mucosa. Isolated retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst communicating with the urinary tract has not been previously reported in the English literature. We propose that acid secretion into the right renal system was the cause of the haematuria–dysuria syndrome which promptly resolved postoperatively. PMID:24813198

  5. Organ Preservation in a Case of Retroperitoneal Ganglioneuroma: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    The retroperitoneum is a closed space harbouring vital organs including the great vessels, kidneys and adrenal glands, ureters, and the ascending and descending colon. Surgical management of retroperitoneal pathologies may need multiorgan resection in order to achieve complete surgical resection while preservation of surrounding organs should be attempted, especially in case of benign tumors. We present a case of 15-year-old girl with an 11 × 6 × 5 cm retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma displacing the right kidney, renal vein, and ureter and abutting the IVC which was excised in toto preserving the right kidney and ureter with careful dissection around the great vessels. We also attempt to review the various surgical options available while dealing with these benign retroperitoneal tumors which are often detected incidentally and usually surround important retroperitoneal organs and vessels.

  6. Organ Preservation in a Case of Retroperitoneal Ganglioneuroma: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    The retroperitoneum is a closed space harbouring vital organs including the great vessels, kidneys and adrenal glands, ureters, and the ascending and descending colon. Surgical management of retroperitoneal pathologies may need multiorgan resection in order to achieve complete surgical resection while preservation of surrounding organs should be attempted, especially in case of benign tumors. We present a case of 15-year-old girl with an 11 × 6 × 5 cm retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma displacing the right kidney, renal vein, and ureter and abutting the IVC which was excised in toto preserving the right kidney and ureter with careful dissection around the great vessels. We also attempt to review the various surgical options available while dealing with these benign retroperitoneal tumors which are often detected incidentally and usually surround important retroperitoneal organs and vessels. PMID:27668117

  7. A retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst communicating with the right upper ureter in an infant.

    PubMed

    Bal, Harshjeet Singh; Kisku, Sundeep; Sen, Sudipta; Masih, Dipti

    2014-01-01

    We report an extremely rare case of isolated retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst with gastric mucosa causing haematuria and dysuria by communicating with the urinary system. A 9-month-old male child was admitted to our hospital with persistent haematuria, dysuria and anaemia. Investigations revealed a retroperitoneal cyst abutting the hydronephrotic non-functioning right kidney. At surgery an isolated retroperitoneal cyst communicating with the right pelviureteric junction was found. The kidney and associated cyst were excised. Histology of the cystic lesion revealed an enteric duplication cyst lined by ectopic gastric mucosa. Isolated retroperitoneal enteric duplication cyst communicating with the urinary tract has not been previously reported in the English literature. We propose that acid secretion into the right renal system was the cause of the haematuria-dysuria syndrome which promptly resolved postoperatively.

  8. Organ Preservation in a Case of Retroperitoneal Ganglioneuroma: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Santosh; Singh, Shivanshu; Chandna, Abhishek

    2016-01-01

    The retroperitoneum is a closed space harbouring vital organs including the great vessels, kidneys and adrenal glands, ureters, and the ascending and descending colon. Surgical management of retroperitoneal pathologies may need multiorgan resection in order to achieve complete surgical resection while preservation of surrounding organs should be attempted, especially in case of benign tumors. We present a case of 15-year-old girl with an 11 × 6 × 5 cm retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma displacing the right kidney, renal vein, and ureter and abutting the IVC which was excised in toto preserving the right kidney and ureter with careful dissection around the great vessels. We also attempt to review the various surgical options available while dealing with these benign retroperitoneal tumors which are often detected incidentally and usually surround important retroperitoneal organs and vessels. PMID:27668117

  9. Retroperitoneal multiple lymphangioma with differential cyst contents causing hydronephrosis and biliary dilatation.

    PubMed

    Adachi, S; Maruyama, T; Suetomi, T; Morishita, Y; Otsuka, M; Todoroki, T; Fukao, K

    2001-01-01

    We report a 40-year-old woman with retroperitoneal multiple cystic lymphangioma. Multiple cystic lesions were found on both sides of the aorta in the retroperitoneal and right pelvic spaces. These thin-walled cysts gradually increased in size leading to left hydronephrosis and dilatation of the common bile duct with cholecystitis, requiring resection. Analysis of cystic contents revealed differences between the cysts. The right cyst contained high concentrations of amylase, 3429 U/L, while the left cyst contained high concentrations of triglyceride, 470 mg/dL. No reports of patients with idiopathic retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma have described differences in cystic contents. Differences in cystic contents according to tumor location strongly suggest that the cause of retroperitoneal lymphangioma is a developmental malformation in which lymphangiectasia follows the failure of developing lymphatic tissue to establish normal communication with the remainder of the lymphatic system.

  10. Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma in an adult: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Bhavsar, Tapan; Saeed-Vafa, Daryoush; Harbison, Sean; Inniss, Susan

    2010-12-15

    Lymphangiomas are rare benign cystic tumors of the lymphatic system. Retroperitoneal lymphangiomas account for 1% of all lymphangiomas, and approximately 186 cases have been reported. They may clinically present as a palpable abdominal mass and can cause diagnostic dilemmas with other retroperitoneal cystic tumors, including those arising from the liver, kidney and pancreas. This report describes the rare case of a cystic retroperitoneal lymphangioma in a 54-year-old male patient. The lymphangioma had progressed to the point of inducing clinical symptoms of abdominal distention, abdominal pain, anorexia, fever, nausea and diarrhea. Radiological imaging revealed a large multiloculated cystic abdominal mass with enhancing septations involving the upper retroperitoneum and extending into the pelvis. Surgical removal of the cyst was accomplished without incident. A benign cystic retroperitoneal lymphangioma was diagnosed on histology and confirmed with immunohistochemical stains.

  11. [Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report and review of the literature].

    PubMed

    Mosca, Donatella; Piccagliani, Leonardo; De Bernardinis, Giancarlo

    2006-01-01

    This unusual clinical case adds itself to the limited list of existing reports of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts in the international literature. It emphasizes the difficulties encountered in making a preoperative diagnosis, since these lesions can be described as both solid and cystic masses. A 69-year-old man underwent surgery to remove an expanding mass diagnosed as originating in the adrenal gland and discovered during clinical investigation for other indications. The lesion was excised only after adrenalectomy whereupon its cystic nature was revealed. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts, though rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal expanding lesions, especially in the presence of cystic tumours of the left adrenal region. This is the first case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst reported in an adult in Italy.

  12. Comparison of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Serum Biomarkers for Detection of Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Teratomas

    PubMed Central

    Riegler, Johannes; Ebert, Antje; Qin, Xulei; Shen, Qi; Wang, Mouer; Ameen, Mohamed; Kodo, Kazuki; Ong, Sang-Ging; Lee, Won Hee; Lee, Grace; Neofytou, Evgenios; Gold, Joseph D.; Connolly, Andrew J.; Wu, Joseph C.

    2016-01-01

    Summary The use of cells derived from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) for regenerative therapies confers a considerable risk for neoplastic growth and teratoma formation. Preclinical and clinical assessment of such therapies will require suitable monitoring strategies to understand and mitigate these risks. Here we generated human-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), selected clones that continued to express reprogramming factors after differentiation into cardiomyocytes, and transplanted these cardiomyocytes into immunocompromised rat hearts post-myocardial infarction. We compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cardiac ultrasound, and serum biomarkers for their ability to delineate teratoma formation and growth. MRI enabled the detection of teratomas with a volume >8 mm3. A combination of three plasma biomarkers (CEA, AFP, and HCG) was able to detect teratomas with a volume >17 mm3 and with a sensitivity of more than 87%. Based on our findings, a combination of serum biomarkers with MRI screening may offer the highest sensitivity for teratoma detection and tracking. PMID:26777057

  13. Retroperitoneal Haematom due to Spontaneous Rupture and Haemorrhage of Adrenal Cyst Presenting with Grey Turner's Sign.

    PubMed

    Sonmez, Bedriye Muge; Yilmaz, Fevzi; Özkan, Fevzi Bircan; Ongar, Murat; Özturk, Derya; Cesur, Fatma

    2015-07-01

    Spontaneous retroperitoneal haemorrhage is a rare entity and a potentially life-threatening condition. A 41-year-old woman presented to our emergency department with left flank pain and dysuria. Her physical examination disclosed left abdominal and costovertebral angle tenderness, left flank ecchymosis (Grey Turner sign). Abdominal computerised tomography revealed spontaneous retroperitoneal haemorrhage. She was discharged after 10 days with recommendation of urology follow-up.

  14. Complete Resolution of Retroperitoneal Lymphangioma with a Single Trial of OK-432 in an Infant.

    PubMed

    Olivieri, Claudio; Nanni, Lorenzo; De Gaetano, Anna Maria; Manganaro, Lucia; Pintus, Claudio

    2016-06-01

    Retroperitoneal lymphangioma is extremely rare. Although these neoplasms are benign, they can grow progressively with subsequent compression and infiltration of the adjacent structures. Surgical excision is demanding when the lesion surrounds vital structures and it is generally fraught with a high recurrence and morbidity rate. We report the case of a huge retroperitoneal lymphangioma in a newborn treated successfully with intracystic injection of OK-432.

  15. [Retroperitoneal lymphocele: a rarely reported complication of abdominal aortic surgery. Apropos of a case].

    PubMed

    Paule, A M; Le Dreff, P; Nonent, M; Braesco, J; Le Guyader, J; Bellet, M

    1994-01-01

    The authors present a case of a retroperitoneal lymphocele following prosthetic reconstruction of the abdominal aorta followed by a discussion about the principal differential diagnosis of a retroperitoneal collection following surgery on abdominal aorta. To date, only ten cases have been reported in this post-operative; it is probably a more frequent complication; the radiologist must play a major role both in the detection and the treatment of such collections.

  16. [Differential diagnosis of tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and retroperitoneal space from abdominal aortic aneurysms].

    PubMed

    Tsakadze, L O

    1981-01-01

    Aneurysm of the abdominal aorta is often erroneously identified as a gastrointestinal or retroperitoneal tumor of cyst. Out of 54 cases of this disease, 22 patients had undergone long-term examinations at various hospitals, oncological establishments included, while exploratory laparatomy had been carried out in 9 patients. The symptoms of aneurysm are described and compared with those of said tumors. Diagnostic procedures for identification of aneurysm and differentiation from gastrointestinal and retroperitoneal tumors and cysts are discussed.

  17. [Ultrasonographic diagnosis of the retroperitoneal space. A case history series and some selected clinical cases].

    PubMed

    Monaci, R; Rondine, P P; Morandini, M; Meoni, S; Cecchin, A

    1989-04-01

    A personal series and some clinical cases of pathology of the retroperitoneal space observed by ultrasonography during routine and emergency investigations are reported. Although the limitations of this diagnosis compared to the more recent image techniques (CT and NMR) are recognised, it is still considered an indispensable first level diagnosis in this extensive pathology (in terms of site, type and extent) of retroperitoneally located organs, tissues and systems.

  18. Retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma surgically removed six times using a harmonic scalpel.

    PubMed

    Maruta, F; Sugiyama, A; Murakami, T; Murakami, M; Ikeno, T; Shimizu, F; Ishida, K; Matsushita, K; Ota, H; Kawasaki, S

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes a patient with retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma who underwent surgical removal of the tumor 6 times. It is difficult to remove locally recurrent retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma many times by repeat surgery, since the tumor tends to adhere tightly to the surrounding scar tissue. In the 5th and 6th operations we conducted on the patient, a harmonic scalpel was useful for separating the tumor from the scar tissue at the previous surgical site.

  19. Retroperitoneal spinal extradural arachnoid cyst combined with congenital hemivertebrae.

    PubMed

    Park, Se-Hwan; Kuh, Sung-Uk; Lim, Beom Jin

    2012-09-01

    Spinal extradural arachnoid cysts usually cause symptoms related to spinal cord or nerve root compression. Here, we report an atypical presentation of a spinal extradural arachnoid cyst combined with congenital hemivertebra which was presented as a retroperitoneal mass that exerted mass effects to the abdominal organs. On image studies, the communication between the cystic pedicle and the spinal arachnoid space was indistinct. Based on our experience and the literature of the pathogenesis, we planned anterior approach for removal of the arachnoid cyst in order to focus on mass removal rather than ligation of the fistulous channel. In our estimation this was feasible considering radiologic findings and also essential for the symptom relief. The cyst was totally removed with the clogged 'thecal sac-side' end of the cystic pedicle. The patient was free of abdominal discomfort by one month after the surgery.

  20. Differentiating retroperitoneal liposarcoma tumors with optical coherence tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lev, Dina; Baranov, Stepan A.; Carbajal, Esteban F.; Young, Eric D.; Pollock, Raphael E.; Larin, Kirill V.

    2011-03-01

    Liposarcoma (LS) is a rare and heterogeneous group of malignant mesenchymal neoplasms exhibiting characteristics of adipocytic differentiation. Currently, radical surgical resection represents the most effective and widely used therapy for patients with abdominal/retroperitoneal LS, but the presence of contiguous essential organs, such as the kidney, pancreas, spleen, adrenal glands, esophagus or colon, as well as often reoccurrence of LS in A/RP calls for the enhancement of surgical techniques to minimize resection and avoid LS reoccurrences. Difficulty in detecting the margins of neoplasms due to their affinity to healthy fat tissue accounts for the high reoccurrence of LS within A/RP. Nowadays, the microscopic detection of margins is possible only by use of biopsy, and the minimization of surgical resection of healthy tissues is challenging. In this presentation we'll demonstrate the initial OCT results for the imaging and distinction of LS and normal human fat tissues and clear detection of tumor boundaries.