Science.gov

Sample records for procellaria parkinsoni patrol

  1. Black Petrels (Procellaria parkinsoni) Patrol the Ocean Shelf-Break: GPS Tracking of a Vulnerable Procellariiform Seabird

    PubMed Central

    Freeman, Robin; Dennis, Todd; Landers, Todd; Thompson, David; Bell, Elizabeth; Walker, Mike; Guilford, Tim

    2010-01-01

    Background Determining the foraging movements of pelagic seabirds is fundamental for their conservation. However, the vulnerability and elusive lifestyles of these animals have made them notoriously difficult to study. Recent developments in satellite telemetry have enabled tracking of smaller seabirds during foraging excursions. Methodology/Principal Findings Here, we report the first successful precision tracking of a c. 700 g seabird, the vulnerable Black Petrel, Procellaria parkinsoni, foraging at sea during the breeding season, using miniature GPS-logging technology. Employing a combination of high-resolution fixes and low-power duty-cycles, we present data from nine individual foraging excursions tracked during the chick-rearing period in February 2006. Conclusions/Significance We provide a snapshot of the species' foraging range and behaviour in relation to detailed underlying bathymetry off the coast of New Zealand, finding a significant relationship between foraging movements and regions of the shelf-break. We also highlight the potential of more sophisticated analyses to identify behavioural phenomena from position data alone. PMID:20174652

  2. Forest Service patrol captain and patrol commanders report: nationwide study

    Treesearch

    Deborah J. Chavez; Joanne F. Tynon

    2007-01-01

    This is the third in a series of studies to evaluate perceptions of USDA Forest Service law enforcement personnel of the roles, responsibilities, and issues entailed in their jobs. An e-mail survey was administered to the 79 Forest Service patrol captains and patrol commanders (PCs) across the United States. Seventy completed and returned the questionnaire....

  3. DACUM Chart for Patrol Officer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

    This Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) chart lists the duties of patrol officers, along with the knowledge required, the traits and attitudes needed, and the tools and equipment used. Information on law enforcement occupations includes the types of administrative, patrol, law enforcement, community service, and personal development tasks inherent in…

  4. Policewomen on Patrol: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Peter B.; Anderson, Deborah

    The second Policewomen on Patrol Report deals with the patrol work of 86 new female officers of the Metropolitan Police of the District of Columbia and compares them with 86 men over a period of one year. Because there is great diversity of opinion about what constitutes good police performance, a wide variety of performance measurements (surveys,…

  5. Microsensors for border patrol applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Falkofske, Dwight; Krantz, Brian; Shimazu, Ron; Berglund, Victor

    2005-05-01

    A top concern in homeland security efforts is the lack of ability to monitor the thousands of miles of open border with our neighbors. It is not currently feasible to continually monitor the borders for illegal intrusions. The MicroSensor System (MSS) seeks to achieve a low-cost monitoring solution that can be efficiently deployed for border patrol applications. The modifications and issues regarding the unique requirements of this application will be discussed and presented. The MicroSensor System was developed by the Defense Microelectronics Activity (DMEA) for military applications, but border patrol applications, with their unique sensor requirements, demand careful adaptation and modification from the military application. Adaptation of the existing sensor design for border applications has been initiated. Coverage issues, communications needs, and other requirements need to be explored for the border patrol application. Currently, border patrol has a number of deficiencies that can be addressed with a microsensor network. First, a distributed networked sensor field could mitigate the porous border intruder detection problem. Second, a unified database needs to be available to identify aliens attempting to cross into the United States. This database needs to take unique characteristics (e.g. biometrics, fingerprints) recovered from a specialized field unit to reliably identify intruders. Finally, this sensor network needs to provide a communication ability to allow border patrol officers to have quick access to intrusion information as well as equipment tracking and voice communication. MSS already addresses the sensing portion of the solution, including detection of acoustic, infrared, magnetic, and seismic events. MSS also includes a low-power networking protocol to lengthen the battery life. In addition to current military requirements, MSS needs a solar panel solution to extend its battery life to 5 years, and an additional backbone communication link

  6. Patrolling in a Stochastic Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    s = (i,w) to reach state s′ = (j,w′). The expected reward is E[g(s, a, s′)] = δjλj[wj + eij v ], and α(s, s ′) = e−β e(i,j) v accounts for discount...Kenney, Police and Policing: comteporary issues, Praeger, 1989. [2] R. C. Larson, Urban Police Patrol Analysis, The MIT Press, 1972. [3] J

  7. Nonclassical Patrolling Monocyte Function in the Vasculature

    PubMed Central

    Thomas, Graham; Tacke, Robert; Hedrick, Catherine C.

    2015-01-01

    Nonclassical patrolling monocytes are characterized by their unique ability to actively patrol the vascular endothelium under homeostatic and inflammatory conditions. Patrolling monocyte subsets (CX3CR1highLy6C− in mouse, and CX3CR1highCD14dimCD16+ in humans) are distinct from the classical monocyte subsets (CCR2highLy6C+ in mouse, and CCR2highCD14+CD16− in humans) and exhibit unique functions in the vasculature and inflammatory disease. Patrolling monocytes function in a number of disease settings to remove damaged cells and debris from the vasculature, and have been associated with wound healing and the resolution of inflammation in damaged tissues. This review highlights the unique functions of these patrolling monocytes in the vasculature and during inflammation. PMID:25838429

  8. 33 CFR 5.48 - Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign. 5... COAST GUARD AUXILIARY § 5.48 Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign. (a) The Coast Guard Auxiliary Patrol Boat... this part. (b) The field of the Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign is white. A medium blue (Coast Guard blue...

  9. 33 CFR 5.48 - Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign. 5... COAST GUARD AUXILIARY § 5.48 Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign. (a) The Coast Guard Auxiliary Patrol Boat... this part. (b) The field of the Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign is white. A medium blue (Coast Guard blue...

  10. Patrol evaluation research: a multiple-baseline analysis of saturation police patrolling during day and night hours.

    PubMed

    Schnelle, J F; Kirchner, R E; Casey, J D; Uselton, P H; McNees, M P

    1977-01-01

    The effects of a carefully monitored and increased police patrol on the report of crime were examined in four patrol zones. Overall patrol movement was increased to four times normal levels and slow patrol movement (under 20 mph) to around 30 times normal levels for 10 days. The patrol was active in two zones between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. and in the other two zones between 7:00 p.m. and 3:00 a.m. A multiple-baseline design and time-series statistical analyses showed statistically reliable changes in reported levels of Part I crime (such as robbery, burglary, and aggravated assault) during both night patrols, but not in the day patrols. In both night-patrol zones, there were also reliable increases from saturation patrol to postsaturation patrol in report of Part I crime after the night patrol was terminated. Neither of the day patrols showed significant crime report changes on termination. Despite statistically reliable decreases in report of crime during nighttime hours, the value of saturation patrolling as a crime-prevention technique was questioned on cost/benefit grounds.

  11. Patrol evaluation research: a multiple-baseline analysis of saturation police patrolling during day and night hours

    PubMed Central

    Schnelle, John F.; Kirchner, Robert E.; Casey, Joe D.; Uselton, Paul H.; McNees, M. Patrick

    1977-01-01

    The effects of a carefully monitored and increased police patrol on the report of crime were examined in four patrol zones. Overall patrol movement was increased to four times normal levels and slow patrol movement (under 20 mph) to around 30 times normal levels for 10 days. The patrol was active in two zones between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. and in the other two zones between 7:00 p.m. and 3:00 a.m. A multiple-baseline design and time-series statistical analyses showed statistically reliable changes in reported levels of Part I crime (such as robbery, burglary, and aggravated assault) during both night patrols, but not in the day patrols. In both night-patrol zones, there were also reliable increases from saturation patrol to postsaturation patrol in report of Part I crime after the night patrol was terminated. Neither of the day patrols showed significant crime report changes on termination. Despite statistically reliable decreases in report of crime during nighttime hours, the value of saturation patrolling as a crime-prevention technique was questioned on cost/benefit grounds. PMID:16795546

  12. 32 CFR 700.922 - Shore patrol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS The Senior Officer Present Contents... police or other local officials and make such arrangements as may be practicable to aid the patrol in...

  13. 32 CFR 700.922 - Shore patrol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS The Senior Officer Present Contents... police or other local officials and make such arrangements as may be practicable to aid the patrol in...

  14. 32 CFR 700.922 - Shore patrol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS The Senior Officer Present Contents... police or other local officials and make such arrangements as may be practicable to aid the patrol in...

  15. Handheld Assistant for Military and Police Patrols

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    that route. Once the patrol starts, the application tracks the unit s current location and provides real-time information and alerts about areas of...interest along the route. The command post can track the location of all units and deviations from their planned routes are flagged and the command post is alerted .

  16. Security Games Involving Search and Patrolling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-04-28

    Operations Research , two in European Journal of Operational Research , and papers in Management Science, Journal of the Royal Society Interface and...Mathematics of Operations Research . 15. SUBJECT TERMS search games, networks, differential games, operations research , patrolling games, EOARD 16. SECURITY...under the grant, including four in Operations Research , two in European Journal of Operational Research , and papers in Management Science, Journal

  17. Decentralized Patrolling Under Constraints in Dynamic Environments.

    PubMed

    Chen, Shaofei; Wu, Feng; Shen, Lincheng; Chen, Jing; Ramchurn, Sarvapali D

    2015-12-22

    We investigate a decentralized patrolling problem for dynamic environments where information is distributed alongside threats. In this problem, agents obtain information at a location, but may suffer attacks from the threat at that location. In a decentralized fashion, each agent patrols in a designated area of the environment and interacts with a limited number of agents. Therefore, the goal of these agents is to coordinate to gather as much information as possible while limiting the damage incurred. Hence, we model this class of problem as a transition-decoupled partially observable Markov decision process with health constraints. Furthermore, we propose scalable decentralized online algorithms based on Monte Carlo tree search and a factored belief vector. We empirically evaluate our algorithms on decentralized patrolling problems and benchmark them against the state-of-the-art online planning solver. The results show that our approach outperforms the state-of-the-art by more than 56% for six agents patrolling problems and can scale up to 24 agents in reasonable time.

  18. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in fat samples from White-chinned Petrels (Procellaria aequinoctialis) and Spectacled Petrels (P. conspicillata) off southern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Cipro, Caio V Z; Colabuono, Fernanda I; Taniguchi, Satie; Montone, Rosalinda C

    2013-12-15

    Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been gaining much visibility in environmental chemical studies due to their similarity to PCBs and growing reports of harmful effects. The fact that these contaminants have not yet undergone bans or restrictions on the global level underscores the need for data on their occurrence. In the present study, fat samples from 26 White-chinned Petrels (Procellaria aequinoctialis) and 3 Spectacled Petrels (P. conspicillata) collected dead ashore or as bycatch of longline fisheries in southern Brazil were analyzed to determine concentrations of seven congeners (IUPAC #28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154 and 183). Concentrations of ΣPBDEs ranged from not detectable to 72.70 ng g(-1) (wet weight), comparatively lower than concentrations reported for seabird samples in northern hemisphere. The most detected congeners were 153, 154 and 183. This pattern is close to that previously reported for birds of the same group, but not those from the same region. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Hanford Patrol Academy demolition sites closure plan

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-09-30

    The Hanford Site is owned by the U.S. Government and operated by the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office. Westinghouse Hanford Company is a major contractor to the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office and serves as co-operator of the Hanford Patrol Academy Demolition Sites, the unit addressed in this paper. This document consists of a Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Part A Permit Application, Form 3 (Revision 4), and a closure plan for the site. An explanation of the Part A Form 3 submitted with this closure plan is provided at the beginning of the Part A section. This Hanford Patrol Academy Demolition Sites Closure Plan submittal contains information current as of December 15, 1994.

  20. Flying High With Civil Air Patrol: The Sierra Blanca Civil Air Patrol Squadron.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnicom, Gene E.

    The Sierra Blanca Civil Air Patrol (CAP) Cadet Squadron from Mescalero, New Mexico, is a program funded by the tribe and the state of New Mexico for Mescalero Apache youth. The national CAP Cadet Program promotes moral leadership, aerospace education, leadership, and physical fitness; Mescalero cadets have learned self-confidence and leadership…

  1. Flying High With Civil Air Patrol: The Sierra Blanca Civil Air Patrol Squadron.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnicom, Gene E.

    The Sierra Blanca Civil Air Patrol (CAP) Cadet Squadron from Mescalero, New Mexico, is a program funded by the tribe and the state of New Mexico for Mescalero Apache youth. The national CAP Cadet Program promotes moral leadership, aerospace education, leadership, and physical fitness; Mescalero cadets have learned self-confidence and leadership…

  2. Four years of meteor spectra patrol

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harvey, G. A.

    1974-01-01

    The development of the NASA-Langley Research Center meteor spectra patrol is described in general terms. The recording of very faint meteors was made possible by three great strides in optical and photographic technology in the 1960's: (1) the availability of optical-grade fused silica at modest cost, (2) the development of large transmission gratings with high blaze efficiency, and (3) the development of a method for avoiding plate fogging due to background skylight, which consisted of using a photoelectric meteor detector which actuates the spectrograph shutter when a meteor occurs in the field. The classification scheme for meteor spectra developed by Peter M. Millman is described.

  3. Maritime Patrol Aircraft - Operational Versatility from the Sea

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    to be included in future U.S. force structure, let’s not forget the lessons of history. And maritime patrol aircraft are part of that history. END ... NOTES Hallowell-13 1. The term "MPA" in this paper refers to either the P-3 platform or to patrol aviation in general (past or present

  4. Patrolling Monocytes Control Tumor Metastasis to the Lung

    PubMed Central

    Hanna, Richard N.; Cekic, Caglar; Sag, Duygu; Tacke, Robert; Thomas, Graham D.; Nowyhed, Heba; Herrley, Erica; Rasquinha, Nicole; McArdle, Sara; Wu, Runpei; Peluso, Esther; Metzger, Daniel; Ichinose, Hiroshi; Shaked, Iftach; Chodaczek, Grzegorz; Biswas, Subhra K.; Hedrick, Catherine C.

    2016-01-01

    The immune system plays an important role in regulating tumor growth and metastasis. For example, classical monocytes promote tumorigenesis and cancer metastasis; however, how nonclassical “patrolling” monocytes interact with tumors is unknown. Here we show that patrolling monocytes are enriched in the microvasculature of the lung and reduce tumor metastasis to lung in multiple mouse metastatic tumor models. Nr4a1-deficient mice, which specifically lack patrolling monocytes, showed increased lung metastasis in vivo. Transfer of Nr4a1-proficient patrolling monocytes into Nr4a1-deficient mice prevented tumor invasion in lung. Patrolling monocytes established early interactions with metastasizing tumor cells, scavenged tumor material from the lung vasculature and promoted natural killer cell recruitment and activation. Thus, patrolling monocytes contribute to cancer immunosurveillance and may be targets for cancer immunotherapy. PMID:26494174

  5. A Teacher's Guide to School Safety Patrol. Curriculum Services Series No. 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Public Instruction, Harrisburg.

    This teacher's guide to school safety patrols in Pennsylvania is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1, on administration, discusses the philosophy, objectives, personnel, and financial arrangements of a school safety patrol. Chapter 2, on organization, examines the following topics: school patrol function and duties, instruction of the patrol,…

  6. Designing Daily Patrol Routes for Policing Based on ANT Colony Algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, H.; Cheng, T.; Wise, S.

    2015-07-01

    In this paper, we address the problem of planning police patrol routes to regularly cover street segments of high crime density (hotspots) with limited police forces. A good patrolling strategy is required to minimise the average time lag between two consecutive visits to hotspots, as well as coordinating multiple patrollers and imparting unpredictability in patrol routes. Previous studies have designed different police patrol strategies for routing police patrol, but these strategies have difficulty in generalising to real patrolling and meeting various requirements. In this research we develop a new police patrolling strategy based on Bayesian method and ant colony algorithm. In this strategy, virtual marker (pheromone) is laid to mark the visiting history of each crime hotspot, and patrollers continuously decide which hotspot to patrol next based on pheromone level and other variables. Simulation results using real data testifies the effective, scalable, unpredictable and extensible nature of this strategy.

  7. Maritime SOF: Patrol Coastal Ships -- A Vital Asset to the Theater CINC

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    Boat, Coastal PC Patrol Coastal PCC Patrol Craft, Coastal PFP Partnership for Peace PHM Patrol, Hydrofoil , Missile PR Personnel Recovery...open oceans. Through the next decade, with the exception of the Guided Missile, Hydrofoil Patrol Boat (PHM) program,20 patrol craft improvements...3 dual .50 caliber machine gun mounts and a 40MM grenade launcher enables the PC to concentrate considerable firepower very quickly onto a target

  8. Patrol force allocation for law enforcement: An introductory planning guide

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sohn, R. L.; Kennedy, R. D.

    1976-01-01

    Previous and current methods for analyzing police patrol forces are reviewed and discussed. The steps in developing an allocation analysis procedure are defined, including the prediction of the rate of calls for service, determination of the number of patrol units needed, designing sectors, and analyzing dispatch strategies. Existing computer programs used for this purpose are briefly described, and some results of their application are given.

  9. SSL Demonstration: Area Lighting, Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area, AZ

    SciTech Connect

    2015-05-28

    Along the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona, the GATEWAY program conducted a trial demonstration in which the incumbent quartz metal halide area lighting was replaced with LED at three pole locations at the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona. The retrofit was documented to better understand LED technology performance in high-temperature environments. This document is a summary brief of the Phase 1.0 and 1.1 reports previously published on this demonstration.

  10. UK Nova/Supernova Patrol - the first 25 years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hurst, G. M.

    2003-06-01

    The text of the Presidential Address delivered at 23 Savile Row, London W1 on 2002 October 30. The challenge of this Presidential Address is to compress the events of the first 25 years of the UK Nova/Supernova Patrol into a talk lasting for about an hour. When the patrol began as a formal search programme all that time ago, I had no idea just how much would be achieved and I feel quite humble in presenting the results as the coordinator when the real work has been carried out by all those dedicated observers over the years, whether looking for novae with binoculars or those now employing the latest technology to detect extragalactic supernovae. I will describe how and why the patrol started in 1976, including earlier events that persuaded key individuals that the time had come for a team approach to searching for novae. The aims of the patrol will be discussed and how these have changed over the years, which has necessitated some rethinking of the techniques employed. Naturally the patrol discoveries will be discussed in detail, but also the vital follow-up work on novae and supernovae, such as light curve analysis, which can produce valuable scientific information for the professional community. Indeed the patrol's work has generated excellent professional-amateur liaison as each side has helped the other to increase our understanding of these somewhat elusive objects, which suddenly burst into view in the night sky.

  11. How patrollers set foraging direction in harvester ants.

    PubMed

    Greene, Michael J; Gordon, Deborah M

    2007-12-01

    Recruitment to food or nest sites is well known in ants; the recruiting ants lay a chemical trail that other ants follow to the target site, or they walk with other ants to the target site. Here we report that a different process determines foraging direction in the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex barbatus. Each day, the colony chooses from among up to eight distinct foraging trails; colonies use different trails on different days. Here we show that the patrollers regulate the direction taken by foragers each day by depositing Dufour's secretions onto a sector of the nest mound about 20 cm long and leading to the beginning of a foraging trail. The patrollers do not recruit foragers all the way to food sources, which may be up to 20 m away. Fewer foragers traveled along a trail if patrollers had no access to the sector of the nest mound leading to that trail. Adding Dufour's gland extract to patroller-free sectors of the nest mound rescued foraging in that direction, while poison gland extract did not. We also found that in the absence of patrollers, most foragers used the direction they had used on the previous day. Thus, the colony's 30-50 patrollers act as gatekeepers for thousands of foragers and choose a foraging direction, but they do not recruit and lead foragers all the way to a food source.

  12. The Germanium GAlactic Plane Patrol mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tueller, Jack; Gehrels, Neil; Leventhal, Marvin

    1992-01-01

    The goal of the Germanium GAlactic Plane Patrol mission (GGAPP) is to provide a continuous monitor of the Galactic Plane (GP) for variable sources of gamma-ray lines. Potentially interesting sources include black hole candidates, X-ray binary systems, pulsars, gamma-ray bursts, and solar flares. The GGAPP instrument is an array of Ge detectors cooled by a mechanical refrigerator to achieve a spectral resolution of 2 keV at 1 MeV (1/500). A bismuth germanate (BGO) shield will restrict the field-of-view (FOV) to within 20 deg of the GP, and a modulation collimator system will locate strong sources to less than 0.3 deg in galactic longitude, provide a direct means of subtracting background, and mapping the diffuse emission from the GP. The spacecraft will be rotationally stabilized with the spin axis perpendicular to the GP such that the modulator scans in galactic longitude. A HEO or L1 orbit will keep GGAPP far away from the strong background produced by the Earth. GGAPP will provide a natural bridge between GRO and future missions such as INTEGRAL/NAE.

  13. Ski patrollers: Reluctant role models for helmet use

    PubMed Central

    Evans, Bruce; Gervais, Jack T.; Heard, Kennon; Valley, Morgan; Lowenstein, Steven R.

    2009-01-01

    Objective Ski helmets reduce the risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI), but usage rates are low. Ski patrollers could serve as role models for helmet use, but little is known about their practices and beliefs. Design A written survey was distributed to ski patrollers attending continuing education conferences. Questions addressed helmet use rates; prior TBI experiences; perceptions of helmet risks and benefits; and willingness to serve as safety role models for the public. To assess predictors of helmet use, odds ratios were calculated, after adjusting for skiing experience. Subjects Ninety-three ski patrollers participated. Main Outcome Self-reported helmet use of 100% while patrolling. Results Helmet use was 23% (95% CI 15–32%). Common reasons for non-use included impaired hearing (35%) and discomfort (29%). Most patrollers believed helmets prevent injuries (90%; 95% CI 84–96%) and that they are safety role models (92%; 95% CI 86–98%). However, many believed helmets encourage recklessness (39%; 95% CI 29–49%) and increase injury risks (16%; 95% CI 7–25%). Three factors predicted 100% helmet use: perceived protection from exposure (OR = 9.68; 95% CI 3.14–29.82) or cold (OR = 5.68; 95% CI 1.27–25.42); and belief that role modeling is an advantage of helmets (OR = 4.06; 95% CI 1.29–12.83). Patrollers who believed helmets encourage recklessness were 8 times less likely to wear helmets (OR = 0.13; 95% CI 0.03–0.58). Conclusions Ski patrollers know helmets reduce serious injury and believe they are role models for the public, but most do not wear helmets regularly. To increase helmet use, manufacturers should address hearing- and comfort-related factors. Education programs should address the belief that helmets encourage recklessness and stress role modeling as a professional responsibility. PMID:19225971

  14. Ski patrollers: reluctant role models for helmet use.

    PubMed

    Evans, Bruce; Gervais, Jack T; Heard, Kennon; Valley, Morgan; Lowenstein, Steven R

    2009-03-01

    Ski helmets reduce the risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI), but usage rates are low. Ski patrollers could serve as role models for helmet use, but little is known about their practices and beliefs. A written survey was distributed to ski patrollers attending continuing education conferences. The questions addressed included helmet use rates, prior TBI experiences, perceptions of helmet risks and benefits and willingness to serve as safety role models for the public. To assess predictors of helmet use, odds ratios (OR) were calculated, after adjusting for skiing experience. Ninety-three ski patrollers participated and the main outcome was self-reported helmet use of 100% while patrolling. Helmet use was 23% (95% CI 15-32%). Common reasons for non-use included impaired hearing (35%) and discomfort (29%). Most patrollers believed helmets prevent injuries (90%; 95% CI 84-96%) and that they are safety role models (92%; 95% CI 86-98%). However, many believed helmets encourage recklessness (39%; 95% CI 29-49%) and increase injury risks (16%; 95% CI 7-25%). Three factors predicted 100% helmet use: perceived protection from exposure (OR = 9.68; 95% CI 3.14-29.82) or cold (OR = 5.68; 95% CI 1.27-25.42); and belief that role modelling is an advantage of helmets (OR = 4.06; 95% CI 1.29-12.83). Patrollers who believed helmets encourage recklessness were eight times less likely to wear helmets (OR = 0.13; 95% CI 0.03-0.58). Ski patrollers know helmets reduce serious injury and believe they are role models for the public, but most do not wear helmets regularly. To increase helmet use, manufacturers should address hearing- and comfort-related factors. Education programmes should address the belief that helmets encourage recklessness and stress role modelling as a professional responsibility.

  15. Patrol Detection for Replica Attacks on Wireless Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Liang-Min; Shi, Yang

    2011-01-01

    Replica attack is a critical concern in the security of wireless sensor networks. We employ mobile nodes as patrollers to detect replicas distributed in different zones in a network, in which a basic patrol detection protocol and two detection algorithms for stationary and mobile modes are presented. Then we perform security analysis to discuss the defense strategies against the possible attacks on the proposed detection protocol. Moreover, we show the advantages of the proposed protocol by discussing and comparing the communication cost and detection probability with some existing methods. PMID:22163752

  16. Study of ground handling characteristics of a maritime patrol airship

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    Mooring concepts appropriate for maritime patrol airship (MPA) vehicles are investigated. The evolution of ground handling systems and procedures for all airship types is reviewed to ensure that appropriate consideration is given to past experiences. A tri-rotor maritime patrol airship is identified and described. Wind loads on a moored airship and the effects of these loads on vehicle design are analyzed. Several mooring concepts are assessed with respect to the airship design, wind loads, and mooring site considerations. Basing requirements and applicability of expeditionary mooring also are addressed.

  17. Car collisions, physics, and the State Highway Patrol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larabee, David

    2000-09-01

    This paper describes activities which include a demonstration and a presentation by a State Highway Patrol crash reconstructionist. These activities are designed to deepen the traditional momentum-energy unit, offering an application both dramatic and familiar to high school students.

  18. 49 CFR 192.705 - Transmission lines: Patrolling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Transmission lines: Patrolling. 192.705 Section... NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 192.705 Transmission... adjacent to the transmission line right-of-way for indications of leaks, construction activity, and...

  19. 49 CFR 192.705 - Transmission lines: Patrolling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Transmission lines: Patrolling. 192.705 Section... NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 192.705 Transmission... adjacent to the transmission line right-of-way for indications of leaks, construction activity, and...

  20. 49 CFR 192.705 - Transmission lines: Patrolling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Transmission lines: Patrolling. 192.705 Section... NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 192.705 Transmission... adjacent to the transmission line right-of-way for indications of leaks, construction activity, and...

  1. 49 CFR 192.705 - Transmission lines: Patrolling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transmission lines: Patrolling. 192.705 Section... NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 192.705 Transmission... adjacent to the transmission line right-of-way for indications of leaks, construction activity, and...

  2. 49 CFR 192.705 - Transmission lines: Patrolling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Transmission lines: Patrolling. 192.705 Section... NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 192.705 Transmission... adjacent to the transmission line right-of-way for indications of leaks, construction activity, and...

  3. Drawing entitled "Sketch of proposed site for Pine Hills Patrol ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Drawing entitled "Sketch of proposed site for Pine Hills Patrol Station, Cleveland National Forest, San Diego County, California. Surveyed by Norman McClean, U.S.F.S., January, 1934. - Pine Hills Station, Barracks, West Side of Boulder Creek Road at Engineers Road, Julian, San Diego County, CA

  4. 49 CFR 192.721 - Distribution systems: Patrolling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Distribution systems: Patrolling. 192.721 Section 192.721 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS... NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 192.721 Distribution...

  5. Cardiometabolic Health in Submariners Returning from a 3-Month Patrol

    PubMed Central

    Gasier, Heath G.; Young, Colin R.; Gaffney-Stomberg, Erin; McAdams, Douglas C.; Lutz, Laura J.; McClung, James P.

    2016-01-01

    Confined space, limited exercise equipment, rotating shift work and reduced sleep may affect cardiometabolic health in submariners. To test this hypothesis, 53 male U.S. Submariners (20–39 years) were studied before and after a 3-month routine submarine patrol. Measures included anthropometrics, dietary and physical activity, biomarkers of cardiometabolic health, energy and appetite regulation, and inflammation. Before deployment, 62% of submariners had a body fat % (BF%) ≥ 25% (obesity), and of this group, 30% met the criteria for metabolic syndrome. In obese volunteers, insulin, the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), leptin, the leptin/adiponectin ratio, and pro-inflammatory chemokines growth-related oncogene and macrophage-derived chemokine were significantly higher compared to non-obese submariners. Following the patrol, a significant mean reduction in body mass (5%) and fat-mass (11%) occurred in the obese group as a result of reduced energy intake (~2000 kJ) during the patrol; and, independent of group, modest improvements in serum lipids and a mean reduction in interferon γ-induced protein 10 and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 were observed. Since 43% of the submariners remained obese, and 18% continued to meet the criteria for metabolic syndrome following the patrol, the magnitude of weight loss was insufficient to completely abolish metabolic dysfunction. Submergence up to 3-months, however, does not appear to be the cause of obesity, which is similar to that of the general population. PMID:26867201

  6. Multi-Agent Patrolling under Uncertainty and Threats

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Shaofei; Wu, Feng; Shen, Lincheng; Chen, Jing; Ramchurn, Sarvapali D.

    2015-01-01

    We investigate a multi-agent patrolling problem where information is distributed alongside threats in environments with uncertainties. Specifically, the information and threat at each location are independently modelled as multi-state Markov chains, whose states are not observed until the location is visited by an agent. While agents will obtain information at a location, they may also suffer damage from the threat at that location. Therefore, the goal of the agents is to gather as much information as possible while mitigating the damage incurred. To address this challenge, we formulate the single-agent patrolling problem as a Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) and propose a computationally efficient algorithm to solve this model. Building upon this, to compute patrols for multiple agents, the single-agent algorithm is extended for each agent with the aim of maximising its marginal contribution to the team. We empirically evaluate our algorithm on problems of multi-agent patrolling and show that it outperforms a baseline algorithm up to 44% for 10 agents and by 21% for 15 agents in large domains. PMID:26086946

  7. Multi-Agent Patrolling under Uncertainty and Threats.

    PubMed

    Chen, Shaofei; Wu, Feng; Shen, Lincheng; Chen, Jing; Ramchurn, Sarvapali D

    2015-01-01

    We investigate a multi-agent patrolling problem where information is distributed alongside threats in environments with uncertainties. Specifically, the information and threat at each location are independently modelled as multi-state Markov chains, whose states are not observed until the location is visited by an agent. While agents will obtain information at a location, they may also suffer damage from the threat at that location. Therefore, the goal of the agents is to gather as much information as possible while mitigating the damage incurred. To address this challenge, we formulate the single-agent patrolling problem as a Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) and propose a computationally efficient algorithm to solve this model. Building upon this, to compute patrols for multiple agents, the single-agent algorithm is extended for each agent with the aim of maximising its marginal contribution to the team. We empirically evaluate our algorithm on problems of multi-agent patrolling and show that it outperforms a baseline algorithm up to 44% for 10 agents and by 21% for 15 agents in large domains.

  8. Characterization of Solar Eruptions reported by EruptionPatrol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hurlburt, Neal

    2015-04-01

    Observation of the solar atmosphere reveals a wide range of real and apparent motions, from small scale jets and spicules to global-scale coronal mass ejections. Identifying and characterizing these motions are essential to advance our understanding the drivers of space weather. A method for automatically identifying eruptions near the solar surface (either from filaments or otherwise) has recently been developed and integrated into the Heliophysics Events Knowledgebase. Here we report on the EruptionPatrol module for identifying eruptions in data collected by the SDO/AIA instrument and on the characterization and analysis of its output. A cluster analysis on the time periods reported by EruptionPatrol demarcates several large-scale events spanning significant portions of the solar disk with lifetimes of up to six hours.

  9. Space patrol: Variants of the optical barrier scheme

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akhmetshin, R. Z.

    2013-07-01

    Different variants of the space patrol system to be designed for discovering and cataloging space objects hazardous for the Earth have been investigated. The basic idea of this system is to create an optical barrier using the telescopes deployed in a heliocentric orbit. Difficulties (as well as ways of overcoming them) of this program are analyzed, associated with form and position of the orbit of a space object relative to the patrol spacecraft, determination of orbit parameters, and mutual motion of space objects and the telescopes on spacecraft. The barrier's schemes with scanning vertical or horizontal belts are considered. Some examples of observational conditions are presented for space objects crossing the barrier region: angular positions, velocities, distances, and numbers of days during which they are observed in the barrier region. The barrier's characteristics are given for telescopes deployed in the orbits of the Earth and Venus.

  10. Traffic Patrol Service Platform Scheduling and Containment Optimization Strategy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Tiane; Niu, Taiyang; Wan, Baocheng; Li, Jian

    This article is based on the traffic and patrol police service platform settings and scheduling, in order to achieve the main purpose of rapid containment for the suspect in an emergency event. Proposing new boundary definition based on graph theory, using 0-1 programming, Dijkstra algorithm, the shortest path tree (SPT) and some of the related knowledge establish a containment model. Finally, making a combination with a city-specific data and using this model obtain the best containment plan.

  11. The Patrol Coastal Ship: Then, Now, and in the Future.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    history since the colonial era. The origins of SOF are epitomized by such figures as Major Robert Rogers (leader of the New England Companies of...radar 4. Stinger station 11. Sperry RASCAR navigation radar antenna 5. Machine gun pintles 12. Für VISTAR tracking head 6. MK-98 25-mmgun 13. MK-38 25...Patrol Coastal operating equipment nomenclature EQUIPMENT DESIGNATION Surface Search Radar Sperry 2500-314S Navigational Radar Sperry2500M-27X Video

  12. Creating of the permanent space patrol of ionizing solar radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avakyan, Sergey V.; Andreev, Evgenii P.; Afanas'ev, Il'ia M.; Leonov, Nikita B.; Savushkin, Alexander V.; Serova, Alla E.; Voronin, Nikolai A.

    2003-02-01

    One of the gaps of the modern solar-terrestrial physics is an absence of the permanent space monitoring of the soft X-ray and extreme ultraviolet radiation from the full disk of Sun. The permanent Solar Patrol at the main part of the ionizing radiation spectra 0.8-115 (119) nm does not exist. These measurements are very complicated because of the technical and methodological difficulties. In S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute (SOI) the apparatus for the Space Solar Patrol (SSP) has been developed in the period 1996-2002 years which includes multiyear experience of developing such apparatus. The base of this apparatus is the use of unique detectors of ionizing radiation the open secondary electron multipliers, which are “solar blind” to near UV, visible and IR radiations of the Sun, and new methodology of these solar spectrophotometric absolute measurements. There are plans to launch the optical electronic apparatus (OEA) of SSP at the Russian Segment of the International Space Station for experimental operation. The paper presents results on the methodology, creating and laboratory testing of the apparatus for Space Solar Patrol Mission.

  13. Physiological stresses related to hypercapnia during patrols on submarines.

    PubMed

    Schaeffer, K E

    1979-01-01

    Physiological studies on hypercapnic effects carried out on 13 Polaris patrols are summarized. The average CO2 concentrations ranged from 0.7-1% CO2; CO2 was identified as the only environmental contaminant of the submarine atmosphere that has a direct effect on respiration in the concentration range found in the submarine atmosphere. A comparison has been made of physiological effects produced during 42 days of exposure to 1.5% CO2 during laboratory studies (L.S.) with those observed during 50 to 60 days of exposure to 0.7-1% CO2 on patrols (P.S.). A close similarity was found in the effects on respiration and blood electrolytes under both conditions. Respiratory minute volume was elevated by 50-63% because of increased tidal volume. The physiological dead space increased 60%. Vital capacity showed a trend toward a decrease. Studies of acid-base balance carried out during patrols demonstrated cyclic changes in blood pH and bicarbonate; pH and blood bicarbonate fell during the first 17 days of exposure, rose during the subsequent 20 days, and decreased again after 40 days. These cycles cannot be explained on the basis of known renal regulations in CO2-induced acidosis and were not found during exposure to 1.5% CO2. The hypothesis is advanced that these changes in acid-base balance are caused by cycles in CO2 uptake and release in bones. The time constants of the bond CO2 stores fit the observed length of cycles in acid-base balance. Correlation with cycles of calcium metabolism provides further support for this hypothesis. Red cell electrolytes showed similar changes under 1.5% CO2 (L.S.) and 0.7-1% CO2 (P.S.). Red cell sodium increased and potassium decreased. Moreover, red cell calcium also increased under both conditions. The significance of these red cell electrolyte changes in regard to changes in permeability and active transport remains to be clarified. An increased gastric acidity was found during patrol (exposure to 0.8-0.95% CO2). The changes observed

  14. Scavenger Receptor CD36 Directs Nonclassical Monocyte Patrolling Along the Endothelium During Early Atherogenesis.

    PubMed

    Marcovecchio, Paola M; Thomas, Graham D; Mikulski, Zbigniew; Ehinger, Erik; Mueller, Karin A L; Blatchley, Amy; Wu, Runpei; Miller, Yury I; Nguyen, Anh Tram; Taylor, Angela M; McNamara, Coleen A; Ley, Klaus; Hedrick, Catherine C

    2017-09-21

    Nonclassical monocytes (NCM) function to maintain vascular homeostasis by crawling or patrolling along the vessel wall. This subset of monocytes responds to viruses, tumor cells, and other pathogens to aid in protection of the host. In this study, we wished to determine how early atherogenesis impacts NCM patrolling in the vasculature. To study the role of NCM in early atherogenesis, we quantified the patrolling behaviors of NCM in ApoE(-/-) (apolipoprotein E) and C57BL/6J mice fed a Western diet. Using intravital imaging, we found that NCM from Western diet-fed mice display a 4-fold increase in patrolling activity within large peripheral blood vessels. Both human and mouse NCM preferentially engulfed OxLDL (oxidized low-density lipoprotein) in the vasculature, and we observed that OxLDL selectively induced NCM patrolling in vivo. Induction of patrolling during early atherogenesis required scavenger receptor CD36, as CD36(-/-) mice revealed a significant reduction in patrolling activity along the femoral vasculature. Mechanistically, we found that CD36-regulated patrolling was mediated by a SFK (src family kinase) through DAP12 (DNAX activating protein of 12KDa) adaptor protein. Our studies show a novel pathway for induction of NCM patrolling along the vascular wall during early atherogenesis. Mice fed a Western diet showed increased NCM patrolling activity with a concurrent increase in SFK phosphorylation. This patrolling activity was lost in the absence of either CD36 or DAP12. These data suggest that NCM function in an atheroprotective manner through sensing and responding to oxidized lipoprotein moieties via scavenger receptor engagement during early atherogenesis. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  15. Risk analysis of Safety Service Patrol (SSP) systems in Virginia.

    PubMed

    Dickey, Brett D; Santos, Joost R

    2011-12-01

    The transportation infrastructure is a vital backbone of any regional economy as it supports workforce mobility, tourism, and a host of socioeconomic activities. In this article, we specifically examine the incident management function of the transportation infrastructure. In many metropolitan regions, incident management is handled primarily by safety service patrols (SSPs), which monitor and resolve roadway incidents. In Virginia, SSP allocation across highway networks is based typically on average vehicle speeds and incident volumes. This article implements a probabilistic network model that partitions "business as usual" traffic flow with extreme-event scenarios. Results of simulated network scenarios reveal that flexible SSP configurations can improve incident resolution times relative to predetermined SSP assignments.

  16. Balancing Play, Meaning and Reality: The Design Philosophy of LEVEE PATROLLER

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harteveld, Casper; Guimaraes, Rui; Mayer, Igor S.; Bidarra, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    Most serious games have been developed without a proper and comprehensive design theory. To contribute to the development of such a theory, this article presents the underlying design philosophy of LEVEE PATROLLER, a game to train levee patrollers in the Netherlands. This philosophy stipulates that the design of a digital serious game is a…

  17. Women on Patrol: A Pilot Study of Police Performance in New York City.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sichel, Joyce L.; And Others

    The patrol performance of forty-one female police officers was compared to that of forty-one male police officers in New York City in 1975/1976; the males and females were matched by length of time on force, patrol experience, and type of precinct. Direct observation by police and civilian personnel was the principal research method. The findings…

  18. Balancing Play, Meaning and Reality: The Design Philosophy of LEVEE PATROLLER

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harteveld, Casper; Guimaraes, Rui; Mayer, Igor S.; Bidarra, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    Most serious games have been developed without a proper and comprehensive design theory. To contribute to the development of such a theory, this article presents the underlying design philosophy of LEVEE PATROLLER, a game to train levee patrollers in the Netherlands. This philosophy stipulates that the design of a digital serious game is a…

  19. 33 CFR 100.40 - Patrol of the regatta or marine parade.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Patrol of the regatta or marine... SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.40 Patrol of the regatta or marine parade. (a) The Commander of a Coast Guard District in which a regatta or marine parade is to...

  20. 33 CFR 100.40 - Patrol of the regatta or marine parade.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Patrol of the regatta or marine... SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.40 Patrol of the regatta or marine parade. (a) The Commander of a Coast Guard District in which a regatta or marine parade is to...

  1. 33 CFR 100.40 - Patrol of the regatta or marine parade.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Patrol of the regatta or marine... SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.40 Patrol of the regatta or marine parade. (a) The Commander of a Coast Guard District in which a regatta or marine parade is to...

  2. 76 FR 41260 - Supplemental Funding for the Senior Medicare Patrol (SMP) Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration on Aging Supplemental Funding for the Senior Medicare Patrol (SMP) Program... provide supplemental grant funds for the support of the Senior Medicare Patrol (SMP) program. The goal of...: Supplemental funding to provide expanded support for the SMP program network. C. Amount of the Award: $178,000...

  3. 46 CFR 193.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol...) OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 193.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  4. 46 CFR 95.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol... AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 95.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  5. 46 CFR 193.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol...) OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 193.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  6. 46 CFR 95.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol... AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 95.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  7. 46 CFR 95.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol... AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 95.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  8. 46 CFR 193.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol...) OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 193.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  9. 46 CFR 95.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol... AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 95.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  10. 46 CFR 193.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol...) OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 193.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  11. 46 CFR 193.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol...) OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Detecting and Extinguishing Equipment, Where Required § 193.05-1 Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems. (a) Fire detecting, manual...

  12. Angels of the Night: Evening and Night Patrols for Homebound Elders in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malmberg, Bo; Ernsth, Marie; Larsson, Birgitta; Zarit, Steven H.

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the work of evening and night home care patrols in Swedish old-age care by examining how staff members view their work and the specific work content. Design and Methods: The authors developed two questionnaires: one that was to be answered jointly by the patrol teams, and one to be completed by…

  13. GATEWAY Demonstrations: Trial Demonstration of Area Lighting Retrofit, Yuma Border Patrol, Yuma, Arizona

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkerson, A. M.; McCullough, J. J.

    2014-12-31

    Along the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona, the GATEWAY program conducted a trial demonstration in which the incumbent quartz metal halide area lighting was replaced with LED at three pole locations at the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona. The retrofit was documented to better understand LED technology performance in high-temperature environments.

  14. The All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae CV Patrol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davis, Alexandra Bianca; Shappee, Benjamin John; Archer Shappee, Bartlett; ASAS-SN

    2015-01-01

    Even in the modern era, only human eyes scan the entire optical sky for the violent, variable, and transient events that shape our universe. The "All Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae" (ASAS-SN or "Assassin") is changing this by monitoring the extra-galactic sky down to V~17 mag every 2-3 days using multiple telescopes, hosted by Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, in the northern and southern hemispheres. By far the most common events observed by ASAS-SN are the Galactic transients. Since April 2013 ASAS-SN has identified over 180 new cataclysmic variable stars and announced over 260 new outbursts of known CVs. To make our data available to the CV community in 'real time', we have launched an automated 'CV Patrol' to monitor known CVs for outbursts as a useful tool for both professional and amateurs astronomers. It is a long term goal of ASAS-SN to make all our data public in real-time, and this patrol will serve as a framework for future ASAS-SN data releases.

  15. Qualified rescue by ski patrols -- safety for the skier.

    PubMed

    Küpper, T; Steffgen, J; Gore, C; Perren, B; Zahnd, P; Gore, R

    2002-10-01

    This study aims to determine whether the training of ski-patrol teams is still adequate in view of a marked change in injury patterns. All accidents which occurred during two winter seasons (n = 579, 583 patients) in the Oberwallis ski area in Switzerland are analysed retrospectively. As the analysis of the accidents' data are similar to other studies and first aid training is standardised throughout Switzerland, the results of this study can be viewed as representative for other areas of Switzerland. The generally high level of training is reflected by the accuracy of "on-scene" diagnoses: 77.5 % were "correct", 12 % "mainly correct". In the remainder, the most frequent problems were underestimation or failure of recognition of multiple injuries (n = 25), head injury (n = 10), injuries to the trunk (n = 9) and to the spine (n = 7). Special emphasis on these topics during the training of ski patrols should result in the further improvement in on-scene first aid and rescue.

  16. Hanford patrol firing range complex safety assessment document

    SciTech Connect

    BENDIXSEN, R.B.

    2001-09-19

    The Hanford Patrol conducts firearms training at the Hanford Patrol Training Academy located on the Hanford Site. The firearms safety training program is a requirement mandated by DOE 0 440.1A. The Order has been issued to provide standards and procedures for the safe use of firearms by DOE and contractor personnel involved in performing DOE activities at DOE installations. Additionally, DOE 0 440.1A requires that a safety analysis be prepared on the facilities and the operations of each live-fire range. Armed protective forces are required at those DOE Security areas that represent a target for radiological or toxicological sabotage (DOE Order 473.2, Protective Force Program). Hanford Patrol personnel are required to be proficient in the basic tactics necessary to engage and neutralize armed adversaries (DOE Manual 473.2-2). In particular, Special Response Teams (SRTs) must be able to operate as mobile, disciplined response teams in order to engage and defeat adversaries with advanced capabilities. The TTF will provide the necessary facilities to support this mandated training and periodic requalification of Security Police Officer III personnel onsite, reducing the costs associated with frequent travel to an offsite facility. The TTF is designed to simulate the structure of a facility or office building. The facility will be used by selected personnel in safely developing and maintaining precision shooting and tactical movement skills through the firing of live ammunition within a discriminatory target environment. This assessment is qualitative and focuses on the established controls that ensure the safe operation of the TTF. These controls include (1) design features of the TTF; (2 ) policies; (3) procedures; (4) training, qualification, and certification requirements; and (5) management oversight. This qualitative approach is consistent with safety analyses conducted for similar facilities at the DOE Central Training Academy (Kolman 1989, A Selective Safety

  17. Endothelial Protective Monocyte Patrolling in Large Arteries Intensified by Western Diet and Atherosclerosis.

    PubMed

    Quintar, Amado; McArdle, Sara; Wolf, Dennis; Marki, Alex; Ehinger, Erik; Vassallo, Melanie; Miller, Jacqueline F; Mikulski, Zbigniew; Ley, Klaus; Buscher, Konrad

    2017-03-16

    Rationale: Non-classical mouse monocyte (CX3CR1(high), Ly-6C(low)) patrolling along the vessels of the microcirculation is critical for endothelial homeostasis and inflammation. Due to technical challenges it is currently not established how patrolling occurs in large arteries. Objective: This study was undertaken to elucidate the molecular, migratory and functional phenotype of patrolling monocytes in the high shear and pulsatile environment of large arteries in healthy, hyperlipidemic and atherosclerotic conditions. Methods and Results: Applying a new method for stable, long-term two-photon intravital microscopy of unrestrained large arteries in live CX3CR1-GFP mice, we show that non-classical monocytes patrol inside healthy carotid arteries at a velocity of 36 μm/min, three times faster than in microvessels. The tracks are less straight but lead preferentially downstream. The number of patrolling monocytes is increased 9-fold by feeding wildtype mice a western diet or by applying topical TLR7/8 agonists. A similar increase is seen in CX3CR1(+/GFP)/apoE(-/-) mice on chow diet, with a further 2-3-fold increase on western diet (22-fold over healthy). In plaque conditions, monocytes are readily captured onto the endothelium from free flow. Stable patrolling is unaffected in CX3CR1-deficient mice and involves the contribution of LFA-1 and α4 integrins. The endothelial damage in atherosclerotic carotid arteries was assessed by electron microscopy and correlates with the number of intraluminal patrollers. Abolishing patrolling monocytes in Nr4a1(-/-) apoE(-/-) mice leads to pronounced endothelial apoptosis. Conclusions: Arterial patrolling is a prominent new feature of non-classical monocytes with unique molecular and kinetic properties. It is highly upregulated in hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis in an CX3CR1-independent fashion, and plays a potential role in endothelial protection.

  18. Endothelial Protective Monocyte Patrolling in Large Arteries Intensified by Western Diet and Atherosclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Quintar, Amado; McArdle, Sara; Wolf, Dennis; Marki, Alex; Ehinger, Erik; Vassallo, Melanie; Miller, Jacqueline; Mikulski, Zbigniew; Ley, Klaus

    2017-01-01

    Rationale: Nonclassical mouse monocyte (CX3CR1high, Ly-6Clow) patrolling along the vessels of the microcirculation is critical for endothelial homeostasis and inflammation. Because of technical challenges, it is currently not established how patrolling occurs in large arteries. Objective: This study was undertaken to elucidate the molecular, migratory, and functional phenotypes of patrolling monocytes in the high shear and pulsatile environment of large arteries in healthy, hyperlipidemic, and atherosclerotic conditions. Methods and Results: Applying a new method for stable, long-term 2-photon intravital microscopy of unrestrained large arteries in live CX3CR1-GFP (green fluorescent protein) mice, we show that nonclassical monocytes patrol inside healthy carotid arteries at a velocity of 36 μm/min, 3× faster than in microvessels. The tracks are less straight but lead preferentially downstream. The number of patrolling monocytes is increased 9-fold by feeding wild-type mice a Western diet or by applying topical TLR7/8 (Toll-like receptor) agonists. A similar increase is seen in CX3CR1+/GFP/apoE−/− mice on chow diet, with a further 2- to 3-fold increase on Western diet (22-fold over healthy). In plaque conditions, monocytes are readily captured onto the endothelium from free flow. Stable patrolling is unaffected in CX3CR1-deficient mice and involves the contribution of LFA-1 (lymphocyte-associated antigen 1) and α4 integrins. The endothelial damage in atherosclerotic carotid arteries was assessed by electron microscopy and correlates with the number of intraluminal patrollers. Abolishing patrolling monocytes in Nr4a1−/− apoE−/− mice leads to pronounced endothelial apoptosis. Conclusions: Arterial patrolling is a prominent new feature of nonclassical monocytes with unique molecular and kinetic properties. It is highly upregulated in hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis in a CX3CR1-independent fashion and plays a potential role in endothelial protection

  19. Asymmetric Preswirl Stator Design for U.S. Coast Guard Island Class Patrol Boats

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-01

    Preswirl Stator Design for U.S. Coast Guard Island Class Patrol Boats By 0 0. Cfj Stephen K. Neely Benjamin Y-H. Chen E- 0 f)O Approved for public...Classiicaitn) Asymmetric Preswirl Stator Design for U.S. Coast Guard Island Class Patrol Boats 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Stephen K. Neely and Benjamin Y-H. Chen...preswirl stator for the U.S. Coast Guard Island Class patrol boats. The purpose of the stator is to eliminate a cavitation erosion problem for the

  20. Dynamic, cooperative multi-robot patrolling with a team of UAVs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pippin, Charles E.; Christensen, Henrik; Weiss, Lora

    2013-05-01

    The multi-robot patrolling task has practical relevance in surveillance, search and rescue, and security appli- cations. In this task, a team of robots must repeatedly visit areas in the environment, minimizing the time in-between visits to each. A team of robots can perform this task efficiently; however, challenges remain related to team formation and task assignment. This paper presents an approach for monitoring patrolling performance and dynamically adjusting the task assignment function based on observations of teammate performance. Experimental results are presented from realistic simulations of a cooperative patrolling scenario, using a team of UAVs.

  1. Patrolling monocytes control tumor metastasis to the lung.

    PubMed

    Hanna, Richard N; Cekic, Caglar; Sag, Duygu; Tacke, Robert; Thomas, Graham D; Nowyhed, Heba; Herrley, Erica; Rasquinha, Nicole; McArdle, Sara; Wu, Runpei; Peluso, Esther; Metzger, Daniel; Ichinose, Hiroshi; Shaked, Iftach; Chodaczek, Grzegorz; Biswas, Subhra K; Hedrick, Catherine C

    2015-11-20

    The immune system plays an important role in regulating tumor growth and metastasis. Classical monocytes promote tumorigenesis and cancer metastasis, but how nonclassical "patrolling" monocytes (PMo) interact with tumors is unknown. Here we show that PMo are enriched in the microvasculature of the lung and reduce tumor metastasis to lung in multiple mouse metastatic tumor models. Nr4a1-deficient mice, which specifically lack PMo, showed increased lung metastasis in vivo. Transfer of Nr4a1-proficient PMo into Nr4a1-deficient mice prevented tumor invasion in the lung. PMo established early interactions with metastasizing tumor cells, scavenged tumor material from the lung vasculature, and promoted natural killer cell recruitment and activation. Thus, PMo contribute to cancer immunosurveillance and may be targets for cancer immunotherapy. Copyright © 2015, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  2. Data Reduction Algorithm for Optical Wide Field Patrol (OWL)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, S.; Park, Y.; Yim, H.; Jo, J.; Moon, H.; Bae, Y.; Lim, Y.; Choi, J.; Choi, Y.; Park, J.; Son, J.

    2014-09-01

    OWL (Optical Wide-field Patrol) has a detector system which has the chopper which consists of 4 blades in front of the CCD camera to acquire efficiently the position and time information of moving objects such as artificial satellites. Using this system, it is possible to get more position data by splitting the streaks of the moving object into many pieces with fast rotating blades during tracking. At the same time, the time data of the rotating chopper can be acquired by the time tagger connected to the photo diode. In order to derive the orbits of the targets, we need a sequential data reduction procedure including the calculation of WCS (World Coordinate System) solution to transform the positions into equatorial coordinate systems, and the combination of the time data from the time tagger and the position data. We present such a data reduction procedure and the preliminary results after applying this procedure to the observation images.

  3. An Analysis of Eruptions Detected by the LMSAL Eruption Patrol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hurlburt, N. E.; Higgins, P. A.; Jaffey, S.

    2014-12-01

    Observations of the solar atmosphere reveals a wide range of real and apparent motions, from small scale jets and spicules to global-scale coronal mass ejections. Identifying and characterizing these motions are essential to advance our understanding the drivers of space weather. Automated and visual identifications are used in identifying CMEs. To date, the precursors to these — eruptions near the solar surface — have been identified primarily by visual inspection. Here we report on an analysis of the eruptions detected by the Eruption Patrol, a data mining module designed to automatically identify eruptions from data collected by Solar Dynamics Observatory's Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (SDO/AIA). We describe the module and use it both to explore relations with other solar events recorded in the Heliophysics Event Knowledgebase and to identify and access data collected by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) and Solar Optical Telescope (SOT) on Hinode for further analysis.

  4. Port and harbor patrol car loaded Xenon search light

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amoh, Hiroshi; Takenami, Takashi

    2005-05-01

    The container ship yard is brighten by the lighting, but after Sunset of the sea side is dark during a crescent. On the sea side lighting, we propose to use to patrol car loaded Xenon search light. Generally, the Pacific Ocean of a surface of the sea swimming fishes such as Samma (Mackerel pike) likes strong visible light as a Xenon search light beam. In the feeling of the human eyes and brains with a strong visible light beam such as Xenon search light, the reaction is divided two kind of types, to avoid reaction's humans have a feeling that bad conscience, and no reaction's humans tend to have a feeling of good mind. For the black painted unmanned objects of visible watching is needed as possible as strong visible light beam of the Xenon search light. The optical system of the Xenon search light consists of a Xenon lamp, a parabolic mirror and the filters.

  5. Forensic science information needs of patrol officers: The perceptions of the patrol officers, their supervisors and administrators, detectives, and crime scene technicians

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aydogdu, Eyup

    Thanks to the rapid developments in science and technology in recent decades, especially in the past two decades, forensic sciences have been making invaluable contributions to criminal justice systems. With scientific evaluation of physical evidence, policing has become more effective in fighting crime and criminals. On the other hand, law enforcement personnel have made mistakes during the detection, protection, collection, and evaluation of physical evidence. Law enforcement personnel, especially patrol officers, have been criticized for ignoring or overlooking physical evidence at crime scenes. This study, conducted in a large American police department, was aimed to determine the perceptions of patrol officers, their supervisors and administrators, detectives, and crime scene technicians about the forensic science needs of patrol officers. The results showed no statistically significant difference among the perceptions of the said groups. More than half of the respondents perceived that 14 out of 16 areas of knowledge were important for patrol officers to have: crime scene documentation, evidence collection, interviewing techniques, firearm evidence, latent and fingerprint evidence, blood evidence, death investigation information, DNA evidence, document evidence, electronically recorded evidence, trace evidence, biological fluid evidence, arson and explosive evidence, and impression evidence. Less than half of the respondents perceived forensic entomology and plant evidence as important for patrol officers.

  6. Spanish Coastal Patrol Ships for Argentina and Mexico (Guardacostas Espanoles para Argentina y Mejico),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-22

    IN TRANS ATION ~TITLE: .SPANISH COASTAL PATROL SHIPS FOR ARGENTINA AND MEXICO GUARDACOSTAS EFPANOLES PARA ARGENTINA Y MEJICO AUTHOR: M; RAMIREZ...SHIPS FOR ARGENTINA AND MEXICO [Ramirez Gabarrus, M.; Guardacostas espaioles para Argentina y Mejico; Tecnologia Militar, No. 4, 1983; pP. 50, 53-54... Mexico , Mr. Alvarez de Vayo, signed a contract with the Mexican War Minister, General Cardenas, to build a series of 10 coastal patrol boats and five

  7. Ecology rather than psychology explains co-occurrence of predation and border patrols in male chimpanzees

    PubMed Central

    Gilby, Ian C.; Wilson, Michael L.; Pusey, Anne E.

    2014-01-01

    The intense arousal and excitement shown by adult male chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes, during territorial attacks on other chimpanzees and predation upon monkeys suggest that similar psychological mechanisms may be involved. Specifically, it has been proposed that hunting behaviour in chimpanzees evolved from intraspecies aggression. Over 32 years, chimpanzees at Gombe National Park, Tanzania were significantly more likely to engage in a territorial border patrol on days when they hunted red colobus monkeys (Procolobus spp.), and vice versa, even after statistically controlling for male chimpanzee party size. We test the hypothesis that this correlation arises because hunting and patrolling are components of a specieslevel aggressive behavioural syndrome; specifically that predation arose as a by-product of territorial aggression in this species. However, hunting was equally likely to occur after a patrol and/or an intergroup interaction as it was before, and the occurrence of an intergroup interaction in which the chimpanzees approached strangers did not increase subsequent hunting probability. We also reject the hypothesis that hunting and patrolling reflect an individual-level behavioural syndrome. We identified two ‘impact hunters’ whose presence increased hunting probability. Similarly, there were also three ‘impact patrollers’, who increased the likelihood that a visit to the periphery of the community range resulted in a patrol. While this discovery has important implications for our understanding of the proximate causes of cooperation, it does not explain the temporal correlation between patrolling and hunting, since no males had such an impact in both contexts. Instead, the data suggest that the correlation arose because patrols typically involved males travelling long distances, which increased the probability of encountering prey. Additionally, parties that travelled to the periphery were more likely to encounter colobus in woodland, where hunts

  8. The civil air patrol ARCHER hyperspectral sensor system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevenson, Brian; O'Connor, Rory; Kendall, William; Stocker, Alan; Schaff, William; Holasek, Rick; Even, Detlev; Alexa, Drew; Salvador, John; Eismann, Michael; Mack, Robert; Kee, Pat; Harris, Steve; Karch, Barry; Kershenstein, John

    2005-05-01

    The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is procuring Airborne Real-time Cueing Hyperspectral Enhanced Reconnaissance (ARCHER) systems to increase their search-and-rescue mission capability. These systems are being installed on a fleet of Gippsland GA-8 aircraft, and will position CAP to gain realworld mission experience with the application of hyperspectral sensor and processing technology to search and rescue. The ARCHER system design, data processing, and operational concept leverage several years of investment in hyperspectral technology research and airborne system demonstration programs by the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). Each ARCHER system consists of a NovaSol-designed, pushbroom, visible/near-infrared (VNIR) hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensor, a co-boresighted visible panchromatic high-resolution imaging (HRI) sensor, and a CMIGITS-III GPS/INS unit in an integrated sensor assembly mounted inside the GA-8 cabin. ARCHER incorporates an on-board data processing system developed by Space Computer Corporation (SCC) to perform numerous real-time processing functions including data acquisition and recording, raw data correction, target detection, cueing and chipping, precision image geo-registration, and display and dissemination of image products and target cue information. A ground processing station is provided for post-flight data playback and analysis. This paper describes the requirements and architecture of the ARCHER system, including design, components, software, interfaces, and displays. Key sensor performance characteristics and real-time data processing features are discussed in detail. The use of the system for detecting and geo-locating ground targets in real-time is demonstrated using test data collected in Southern California in the fall of 2004.

  9. Aligning policing and public health promotion: Insights from the world of foot patrol

    PubMed Central

    Wood, Jennifer D.; Taylor, Caitlin J.; Groff, Elizabeth R.; Ratcliffe, Jerry H.

    2013-01-01

    Foot patrol work is rarely described in relation to public health, even though police routinely encounter health risk behaviors and environments. Through a qualitative study of foot patrol policing in violent ‘hotspots’ of Philadelphia, we explore some prospects and challenges associated with bridging security and public health considerations in law enforcement. Noting existing efforts to help advance police officer knowledge of, and attitudes toward health vulnerabilities, we incorporate perspectives from environmental criminology to help advance this bridging agenda. Extending the notion of capable guardianship to understand foot patrol work, we suggest that the way forward for theory, policy and practice is not solely to rely on changing officer culture and behavior, but rather to advance a wider agenda for enhancing collective guardianship, and especially ‘place management’ for harm reduction in the city. PMID:26085825

  10. Aligning policing and public health promotion: Insights from the world of foot patrol.

    PubMed

    Wood, Jennifer D; Taylor, Caitlin J; Groff, Elizabeth R; Ratcliffe, Jerry H

    2015-05-01

    Foot patrol work is rarely described in relation to public health, even though police routinely encounter health risk behaviors and environments. Through a qualitative study of foot patrol policing in violent 'hotspots' of Philadelphia, we explore some prospects and challenges associated with bridging security and public health considerations in law enforcement. Noting existing efforts to help advance police officer knowledge of, and attitudes toward health vulnerabilities, we incorporate perspectives from environmental criminology to help advance this bridging agenda. Extending the notion of capable guardianship to understand foot patrol work, we suggest that the way forward for theory, policy and practice is not solely to rely on changing officer culture and behavior, but rather to advance a wider agenda for enhancing collective guardianship, and especially 'place management' for harm reduction in the city.

  11. Clustering Analysis of OFFICER'S Behaviours in London Police Foot Patrol Activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, J.; Cheng, T.

    2015-07-01

    In this small paper we aim at presenting a framework of conceptual representation and clustering analysis of police officers' patrol pattern obtained from mining their raw movement trajectory data. This have been achieved by a model developed to accounts for the spatio-temporal dynamics human movements by incorporating both the behaviour features of the travellers and the semantic meaning of the environment they are moving in. Hence, the similarity metric of traveller behaviours is jointly defined according to the stay time allocation in each Spatio-temporal region of interests (ST-ROI) to support clustering analysis of patrol behaviours. The proposed framework enables the analysis of behaviour and preferences on higher level based on raw moment trajectories. The model is firstly applied to police patrol data provided by the Metropolitan Police and will be tested by other type of dataset afterwards.

  12. Morbidity rates on Vanguard Class submarines during nuclear deterrent patrol: a retrospective review over 13 years.

    PubMed

    O'Shea, M K; Scutt, M J

    2009-01-01

    The submarines responsible for the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent have carried a junior doctor as their medical officer since the program's inception. The Vanguard Class of submarine carries approximately 150 men and deploys for about 3 months at a time. One of the central tenets of submarine operations is to remain undetected and as such the submarine will only surface in an emergency, which may include the evacuation of casualties. The prime reason for carriage of a medical officer is to mitigate against the need to evacuate personnel for medical reasons. We examined the medical section of the patrol reports submitted upon completion of each patrol over a 13 year period to determine both the rates of medical and dental attendance onboard and also the occurrence of potential medical threats to patrol integrity. The most common reasons for attendance were dermatological and musculoskeletal, consistent with previous studies of this population and working environment. There were few dental cases due to the high rates of dental fitness in the pre-sailing crews. Patrol threatening cases occurred at a rate of approximately 1 per 3 patrols, with acute appendicitis being the most common presentation. This progressed to evacuation at a rate of 1 per 15 patrols, with the successful onboard management in 79% of cases. The junior doctor onboard has limited monitoring equipment and formulary, no diagnostic equipment, basic surgical equipment and no opportunity to seek senior advice, and is therefore reliant on clinical judgement. Despite the limitations placed on the doctor on board these submarines they have proven to be effective in reducing the rate of medical evacuation.

  13. Patrol car and agent tracking/suspect tagging and tracking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilkins, Steven C.

    1997-01-01

    Emerging technologies in the field of law enforcement are providing today's law enforcement personnel with the advantage of an innovative and faster means of providing safety and service to the public. The use of open such technology, the Automatic Vehicle Locator (AVL) tracking device, is fast becoming a commonplace and cost-effective solution for agencies to efficiently command and control their 'officer' assets. Through the use of AVL's global positioning satellite-based system, the response time of law enforcement is greatly enhanced by permitting a dispatcher to visually identify and assign the officer closest to the location of an accident or incident. The system is effective in reducing delays due to highway blockages, improving the level of protection to the motoring public, and promoting the flow of traffic on busy freeways. Likewise, an officer or agent in distress can be assured that a dispatcher will be constantly aware of his or her location in the field. In the 1990's the demands on law enforcement agencies have grown tremendously. this is due primarily to population increases, limited funding or resources, and increases in drug, property and violent crimes. Frequently, the automobile is used for escape after the commission of these crimes. This often results in high speed pursuits involving law enforcement agencies. In California, by statute, the California Highway Patrol is the central repository for data regarding all pursuits involving state and local law enforcement agencies. Statistics show that more than 10 percent of pursuits result in injuries to the violator and/or innocent bystanders. Most pursuits last less than 10 minutes, and the AVL system provides a tremendous advantage to law enforcement's ability to immediately deploy and direct units into pursuits for rapid closure of the incident. AVL systems not only reduce the risk of personal injury by minimizing public exposure to the unsafe incident, but also enhance officer safety during the

  14. 33 CFR 100.40 - Patrol of the regatta or marine parade.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.40 Patrol of the regatta or... held may detail, if he or she deems the needs of safety require, one or more Coast Guard vessels to... governing a regatta or marine parade provided such vessel or vessels have been placed at the disposition...

  15. 33 CFR 100.40 - Patrol of the regatta or marine parade.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... SECURITY REGATTAS AND MARINE PARADES SAFETY OF LIFE ON NAVIGABLE WATERS § 100.40 Patrol of the regatta or... held may detail, if he or she deems the needs of safety require, one or more Coast Guard vessels to... governing a regatta or marine parade provided such vessel or vessels have been placed at the disposition...

  16. EXPOSURE TO PARTICULATE MATTER, VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, AND OTHER AIR POLLUTANTS INSIDE PATROL CARS

    EPA Science Inventory

    People driving in a vehicle might receive an enhanced dose of mobile source pollutants that are considered a potential risk for cardiovascular diseases. The exposure to components of air pollution in highway patrol vehicles, at an ambient, and a roadside location was determined d...

  17. U.S. border patrol potential applications of internetted unattended ground sensors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eaton, Wilbur W., Jr.; Schatzmann, Larry A.

    1997-07-01

    The U.S. Border Patrol monitors the traffic on the Mexican/U.S. Border, the Canadian/U.S. Border and along some coastal areas. Measures have been taken to reduce or eliminate illegal immigration and smuggling. An automated border surveillance sub-system based on the DARPA Internetted Unattended Ground Sensors Program is discussed.

  18. EXPOSURE TO PARTICULATE MATTER, VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, AND OTHER AIR POLLUTANTS INSIDE PATROL CARS

    EPA Science Inventory

    People driving in a vehicle might receive an enhanced dose of mobile source pollutants that are considered a potential risk for cardiovascular diseases. The exposure to components of air pollution in highway patrol vehicles, at an ambient, and a roadside location was determined d...

  19. Recruitment of renal transplant patients into patrolling police roles using orthotic shields

    PubMed Central

    Levene, Sara; Levene, Charlotte Amy; Makanjuola, David; Rajakariar, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    Renal allografts are transplanted to an anatomically unnatural site where they are exposed to trauma, and may fail if damaged. Individuals with renal allografts have been excluded from patrolling police roles as these often necessitate confrontation. We describe two patients with renal allografts who have been recruited by the Metropolitan Police Service, using bespoke orthotic shields to protect the grafts. PMID:24879727

  20. Seasonal influence over serum and urine metabolic markers in submariners during prolonged patrols

    PubMed Central

    Holy, Xavier; Bégot, Laurent; Renault, Sylvie; Butigieg, Xavier; André, Catherine; Bonneau, Dominique; Savourey, Gustave; Collombet, Jean-Marc

    2015-01-01

    Within the framework of earlier publications, we have consistently dedicated our investigations to eliciting the effects of both seasonal vitamin D deficiency and submarine-induced hypercapnia on serum parameters for acid–base balance and bone metabolism in submariners over a 2-month winter (WP) or summer (SP) patrols. The latest findings reported herein, contribute further evidence with regard to overall physiological regulations in the same submariner populations that underwent past scrutiny. Hence, urine and blood samples were collected in WP and SP submariners at control prepatrol time as well as on submarine patrol days 20, 41, and 58. Several urine and serum metabolic markers were quantified, namely, deoxypyridinoline (DPD), lactate, albumin, creatinine, nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), and ionized sodium (Na+) or potassium (K+), with a view to assessing bone, muscle, liver, or kidney metabolisms. We evidenced bone metabolism alteration (urine DPD, calcium, and phosphorus) previously recorded in submarine crewmembers under prolonged patrols. We also highlighted transitory modifications in liver metabolism (serum albumin) occurring within the first 20 days of submersion. We further evidenced changes in submariners’ renal physiology (serum creatinine) throughout the entire patrol time span. Measurements of ionic homeostasis (serum Na+ and K+) displayed potential seasonal impact over active ionic pumps in submariners. Finally, there is some evidence that submersion provides beneficial conditions prone to fend off seasonal lactic acidosis (serum lactate) detected in WP submariners. PMID:26265754

  1. Tracking Object Existence From an Autonomous Patrol Vehicle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolf, Michael; Scharenbroich, Lucas

    2011-01-01

    An autonomous vehicle patrols a large region, during which an algorithm receives measurements of detected potential objects within its sensor range. The goal of the algorithm is to track all objects in the region over time. This problem differs from traditional multi-target tracking scenarios because the region of interest is much larger than the sensor range and relies on the movement of the sensor through this region for coverage. The goal is to know whether anything has changed between visits to the same location. In particular, two kinds of alert conditions must be detected: (1) a previously detected object has disappeared and (2) a new object has appeared in a location already checked. For the time an object is within sensor range, the object can be assumed to remain stationary, changing position only between visits. The problem is difficult because the upstream object detection processing is likely to make many errors, resulting in heavy clutter (false positives) and missed detections (false negatives), and because only noisy, bearings-only measurements are available. This work has three main goals: (1) Associate incoming measurements with known objects or mark them as new objects or false positives, as appropriate. For this, a multiple hypothesis tracker was adapted to this scenario. (2) Localize the objects using multiple bearings-only measurements to provide estimates of global position (e.g., latitude and longitude). A nonlinear Kalman filter extension provides these 2D position estimates using the 1D measurements. (3) Calculate the probability that a suspected object truly exists (in the estimated position), and determine whether alert conditions have been triggered (for new objects or disappeared objects). The concept of a probability of existence was created, and a new Bayesian method for updating this probability at each time step was developed. A probabilistic multiple hypothesis approach is chosen because of its superiority in handling the

  2. Risk factors for dermatitis in submariners during a submerged patrol: an observational cohort study

    PubMed Central

    O'Shea, Matthew K; Fallowfield, Joanne L; Lindsay, Michael; Gunner, Frances; Wyllie, David H

    2016-01-01

    Objective The aim of this pilot study was to determine risk factors, including Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage, for dermatitis in submariners during a submarine patrol. Participants and methods 36 submariners undertaking a submerged 6-week patrol participated in the study. Severity of dermatitis and its impact was assessed using visual analogue scales and questionnaires at baseline and weekly throughout the patrol. S. aureus carriage levels in submariners were determined by nasal swabbing at baseline and shortly before disembarking the submarine. Occurrence of any skin or soft tissue infections (SSTI) were reported to the medical officer and swabs of the area were taken for subsequent analysis. Results S. aureus carriers were significantly more likely than non-carriers to have previously received treatment for a cutaneous abscess (39% vs 5%, OR=13 (95% CI 1.3 to 130)) with a trend to being submariners longer (p=0.051). Skin scores at baseline and on patrol were not significantly associated with carriage status. Higher dermatitis scores were observed in those who had been submariners longer (p=0.045). Smoking and allergies were not found to be linked to carriage status or skin health score in this cohort. Conclusions This small pilot study investigates S. aureus carriage status and skin health in submariners. Length of submarine service but not S. aureus carriage was identified as a risk factor for worsening skin health in this small cohort during a 6-week patrol. This does not support S. aureus decolonisation to improve skin health in this population. Further investigation into causes of dermatitis in submariners is required. This data supports a better understanding of the potential impact of exposure to environmental factors that could affect skin health in submariners. PMID:27256090

  3. Patrolling monocytes promote intravascular neutrophil activation and glomerular injury in the acutely inflamed glomerulus

    PubMed Central

    Finsterbusch, Michaela; Hall, Pam; Li, Anqi; Devi, Sapna; Westhorpe, Clare L. V.; Kitching, A. Richard

    2016-01-01

    Nonclassical monocytes undergo intravascular patrolling in blood vessels, positioning them ideally to coordinate responses to inflammatory stimuli. Under some circumstances, the actions of monocytes have been shown to involve promotion of neutrophil recruitment. However, the mechanisms whereby patrolling monocytes control the actions of neutrophils in the circulation are unclear. Here, we examined the contributions of monocytes to antibody- and neutrophil-dependent inflammation in a model of in situ immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis. Multiphoton and spinning disk confocal intravital microscopy revealed that monocytes patrol both uninflamed and inflamed glomeruli using β2 and α4 integrins and CX3CR1. Monocyte depletion reduced glomerular injury, demonstrating that these cells promote inappropriate inflammation in this setting. Monocyte depletion also resulted in reductions in neutrophil recruitment and dwell time in glomerular capillaries and in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by neutrophils, suggesting a role for cross-talk between monocytes and neutrophils in induction of glomerulonephritis. Consistent with this hypothesis, patrolling monocytes and neutrophils underwent prolonged interactions in glomerular capillaries, with the duration of these interactions increasing during inflammation. Moreover, neutrophils that interacted with monocytes showed increased retention and a greater propensity for ROS generation in the glomerulus. Also, renal patrolling monocytes, but not neutrophils, produced TNF during inflammation, and TNF inhibition reduced neutrophil dwell time and ROS production, as well as renal injury. These findings show that monocytes and neutrophils undergo interactions within the glomerular microvasculature. Moreover, evidence indicates that, in response to an inflammatory stimulus, these interactions allow monocytes to promote neutrophil recruitment and activation within the glomerular microvasculature, leading to neutrophil

  4. Study on the submarine tracking method of anti-submarine patrol aircraft using passive omni-directional sonobuoys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xinwei; Wang, Jianguo; Men, Jinzhu

    2017-09-01

    According to submarine tracking problem of the anti-submarine patrol aircraft(ASPA) using passive omnidirectional sonobuoy, the paper discusses on the layout of sonobuoy for tracking submarine, studies on the method of sonobuoy for tracking submarine, and analysis of the whole process of tracking submarine for anti-submarine patrol aircraft using sonobuoys. The papers also take the simulation analysis for 5 kinds of tracking index, and gives out the result as the chart or table, and provides the reference for the research of following submarine for anti submarine patrol aircraft.

  5. Police evaluation research: an experimental and cost-benefit analysis of a helicopter patrol in a high crime area1

    PubMed Central

    Schnelle, John F.; Kirchner, Robert E.; Macrae, John W.; McNees, M. Patrick; Eck, Richard H.; Snodgrass, Stana; Casey, Joe D.; Uselton, Paul H.

    1978-01-01

    The significance of a helicopter patrol procedure directed toward prevention of home burglaries was evaluated from experimental and cost-benefit perspectives. The helicopter patrolled one city zone from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. for two 12-day periods. Each 12-day period was separated by a baseline period in which only normal patrol-car levels were maintained. Significantly reduced burglary levels during the intervention periods, compared to baseline periods, documented the experimental significance of the helicopter procedure. The cash costs of implementing the patrol procedure were compared to two estimates of the resulting cash benefits. This latter cost-benefit analysis was supplemented by a discussion of the intangible costs and benefits of the helicopter procedure. Taken together, these analyses documented that the marginal costs of the helicopter intervention were exceeded by all estimates of benefits. PMID:16795578

  6. GATEWAY Demonstrations: LED System Performance in a Trial Installation--Two Years Later, Yuma Border Patrol, Yuma, Arizona

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkerson, Andrea M.; Sullivan, Gregory P.; Davis, Robert G.

    2016-04-01

    Along the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona, the GATEWAY program conducted a trial demonstration in which the incumbent quartz metal halide area lighting was replaced with LED at three pole locations at the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona. The retrofit was documented to better understand LED technology performance in high-temperature environments. This report follows the GATEWAY Yuma Phase 1.1 Report and reflects LED system results documented two years after the demonstration began.

  7. GATEWAY Demonstrations: LED System Performance in a Trial Installation--One Year Later, Yuma Border Patrol, Yuma, Arizona

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkerson, A. M.; Davis, R. G.

    2015-04-01

    Along the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona, the GATEWAY program conducted a trial demonstration in which the incumbent quartz metal halide area lighting was replaced with LED at three pole locations at the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona. The retrofit was documented to better understand LED technology performance in high-temperature environments. This report follows the GATEWAY Yuma Phase 1.0 Report and reflects LED system results documented one year after the demonstration began.

  8. Trial Demonstration of Area Lighting Retrofit: Yuma Border Patrol, Yuma Arizona

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkerson, Andrea M.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.

    2014-12-01

    The Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area is a high flux lighting application in a high temperature environment, presenting a formidable challenge for light-emitting diodes (LEDs). This retrofit is an Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE project under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program. If high flux LED technology performs well in a region with high ambient temperature and solar radiation, it can perform well in most outdoor environments. The design process for the Yuma retrofit has already provided valuable knowledge to CBP and DOE. The LED lighting system selected for the retrofit is expected to reduce energy consumption 69% compared to the incumbent quartz metal halide (QMH) lighting system. If the LED lighting system is installed, GATEWAY will continue to document and disseminate information regarding the installation and long-term performance so that others may also gain valuable knowledge from the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area lighting retrofit.

  9. The acquisition radar’s detect annulus model of anti-submarine patrol aircraft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jianguo; Yao, Keming; Wang, Xinwei; Men, Jinzhu

    2017-06-01

    Aiming at solving the problem of anti-submarine patrol aircraft(ASPA) detecting different sea-surface and aerial objects, based on the operation performance of acquisition radar, the paper puts forward the concept of detect annulus and establishes the corresponding model, and it gives the manner and method of ASPA detected objects. Through simulation and calculation, it discusses the different pattern of optical axis angle of depression and flight altitude from the width of detect annulus. The paper also provides the basis for the best optical axis angle of depression and flight altitude to meet the operational requirements. At last, the searching method of anti-submarine patrol aircraft using acquisition radar is put forward.

  10. Army Support to the United States Border Patrol in the 21st Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-19

    the AC can leverage military capabilities to mitigate border security challenges. 5 He did this as precautionary measure after Mexican President...the 21ST century. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Border Security, Mexico , Canada, United States Border Patrol (USBP), Customs and Border Protection (CBP...border security. USBP works in a complex operating environment where the agency remains undermanned securing the border of the United States and Mexico

  11. Metabolic Heal and Energy Expenditure Estimates of Border Patrol Personnel Obtained using the Factorial Method

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    mechanical 20% for human movement. It was found that BP personnel expended approximately 1750 +/- 540 kcal during their work day which would result in an...heat production estimated assuming mechanical efficiency of 20% for human movement. Results: Border Patrol personnel expended approximately 1750...MET, would equate to them expending 80 kcal for that hour. To calculate metabolic heat production, a mechanical efficiency of muscular work of 20

  12. Recruitment of renal transplant patients into patrolling police roles using orthotic shields.

    PubMed

    Levene, Sara; Levene, Charlotte Amy; Makanjuola, David; Rajakariar, Ravi

    2014-05-30

    Renal allografts are transplanted to an anatomically unnatural site where they are exposed to trauma, and may fail if damaged. Individuals with renal allografts have been excluded from patrolling police roles as these often necessitate confrontation. We describe two patients with renal allografts who have been recruited by the Metropolitan Police Service, using bespoke orthotic shields to protect the grafts. 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  13. RxPATROL: a Web-based tool for combating pharmacy theft.

    PubMed

    Smith, Meredith Y; Graham, J Aaron; Haddox, J David; Steffey, Amy

    2009-01-01

    To report the incidence of pharmacy-related burglaries and robberies and characteristics of pharmacies where such crimes have occurred using recent data from Rx Pattern Analysis Tracking Robberies & Other Losses (RxPATROL), a national Web-based information clearinghouse on pharmacy-related theft of prescription medications and over-the-counter products. Descriptive, nonexperimental study. United States between 2005 and 2006. Not applicable. Not applicable. Number of pharmacy theft reports received; incident type, date, and location; point of entry; and pharmacy security features. Between 2005 and 2006, 202 pharmacy burglary and 299 pharmacy robbery reports from 45 different states were filed with RxPATROL. More than 70% of pharmacies reporting such crimes lacked a security camera. Among those reporting a burglary, 60% lacked dead bolt locks, a solid exterior door, a motion detector device, or a safe or vault for storage of controlled substances. Burglars most often obtained access to the pharmacy via the front door. RxPATROL is a Web-based tool that can assist pharmacies and law enforcement in collaborating more effectively to combat and prevent pharmacy-related crimes.

  14. Predictors of patrol officer interest in cybercrime training and investigation in selected United States police departments.

    PubMed

    Holt, Thomas J; Bossler, Adam M

    2012-09-01

    Cybercrime has created substantial challenges for law enforcement, particularly at the local level. Most scholars and police administrators believe that patrol officers need to become more effective first responders to cybercrime calls. The evidence illustrates, however, that many patrol officers are neither adequately prepared nor strongly interested in taking an active role in addressing cybercrime at the local level. This study, therefore, examined the factors that predicted patrol officer interest in cybercrime training and investigations in two southeastern U.S. cities. The study specifically examined the relationship between demographics, cybercrime exposure, computer training, computer proficiency, Internet and cybercrime perceptions, and views on policing cybercrime with officer interest in cybercrime investigation training and conducting cybercrime investigations in the future. Officer views on policing cybercrime, particularly whether they valued cybercrime investigations and believed that cybercrime would dramatically change policing, along with their computer skills, were the strongest predictors of interest in cybercrime efforts. Officers who had received previous computer training were less interested in additional training and conducting investigations. These findings support the argument that more command and departmental meetings focusing on the value of investigating these types of crime need to be held in order to increase officer interest.

  15. Comparing the characteristics of snowboarders injured in a terrain park who present to the ski patrol, the emergency department or both.

    PubMed

    Russell, Kelly; Meeuwisse, Willem; Nettel-Aguirre, Alberto; Emery, Carolyn A; Wishart, Jillian; Romanow, Nicole T R; Rowe, Brian H; Goulet, Claude; Hagel, Brent E

    2014-01-01

    Ski patrol report forms are a common data source in ski/snowboard research, but it is unclear if those who only present to the emergency department (ED) are systematically different from those who see the ski patrol. To determine the proportion and characteristics of injured snowboarders who bypass the ski patrol before presenting to the ED, three groups of injured snowboarders were compared: presented to the ED only, ski patrol only and ski patrol and ED. Data were collected from ski patrol Accident Report Forms (ARFs), ED medical records and telephone interviews. There were 333 injured snowboarders (ED only: 34, ski patrol only: 107, both: 192). Ability, time of day, snow conditions or drugs/alcohol predicted ED only presentation. Concussions (RRR: 4.66; 95% CI: 1.83, 11.90), sprains/strains (RRR: 4.22; 95% CI: 1.87, 9.49), head/neck (RRR: 2.90; 95% CI: 1.48, 5.78), trunk (RRR: 4.17; 95% CI: 1.92, 9.09) or lower extremity (RRR: 3.65; 95% CI: 1.32, 10.07) injuries were significantly more likely to present to ski patrol only versus ski patrol and ED. In conclusion, snowboarders who presented to the ED only had similar injuries as those who presented to both.

  16. Integrating mobile GIS, real-time D-GPS, and high-resolution satellite imagery for land use patrolling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Zhu; Chen, Xianwei; Liu, Guoxiang; Chen, Tao; Meng, Yanzi; Jiang, Lianjiang; Wang, Mei

    2009-06-01

    The illegal use of lands has come to impose a serious threat to land resources protection and land use plan implementation in China. Land use patrolling has long been proven to be an effective means for detection, investigation and prevention of illegal land use. However, land use patrolling performed in the traditional way is laborious and cumbersome. Central and regional government authorities are both seeking high-technology solution to enhance this job. In an effort to satisfy such requirements, we have designed and implemented an integrated system of mobile GIS, D-GPS and wireless Internet to assist land use patrolling and investigation. Details of this system are presented in this paper, including those of the system architecture, the field work-assisting subsystem, the Internet-based D-GPS subsystem ... etc. The main finding is that such technology is indispensable for land use patrolling and similar tasks. It can dramatically promote the patrolling or field work efficiency and tightly connect field and office staff to better perform the mission. Problems encountered in building the system are also discussed.

  17. CCN1/CYR61-mediated meticulous patrolling by Ly6Clow monocytes fuels vascular inflammation

    PubMed Central

    Imhof, Beat A.; Jemelin, Stephane; Ballet, Romain; Vesin, Christian; Schapira, Marco; Karaca, Melis; Emre, Yalin

    2016-01-01

    Inflammation is characterized by the recruitment of leukocytes from the bloodstream. The rapid arrival of neutrophils is followed by a wave of inflammatory lymphocyte antigen 6 complex (Ly6C)-positive monocytes. In contrast Ly6Clow monocytes survey the endothelium in the steady state, but their role in inflammation is still unclear. Here, using confocal intravital microscopy, we show that upon Toll-like receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8)-mediated inflammation of mesenteric veins, platelet activation drives the rapid mobilization of Ly6Clow monocytes to the luminal side of the endothelium. After repeatedly interacting with platelets, Ly6Clow monocytes commit to a meticulous patrolling of the endothelial wall and orchestrate the subsequent arrival and extravasation of neutrophils through the production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. At a molecular level, we show that cysteine-rich protein 61 (CYR61)/CYR61 connective tissue growth factor nephroblastoma overexpressed 1 (CCN1) protein is released by activated platelets and enables the recruitment of Ly6Clow monocytes upon vascular inflammation. In addition endothelium-bound CCN1 sustains the adequate patrolling of Ly6Clow monocytes both in the steady state and under inflammatory conditions. Blocking CCN1 or platelets with specific antibodies impaired the early arrival of Ly6Clow monocytes and abolished the recruitment of neutrophils. These results refine the leukocyte recruitment cascade model by introducing endothelium-bound CCN1 as an inflammation mediator and by demonstrating a role for platelets and patrolling Ly6Clow monocytes in acute vascular inflammation. PMID:27482114

  18. CCN1/CYR61-mediated meticulous patrolling by Ly6Clow monocytes fuels vascular inflammation.

    PubMed

    Imhof, Beat A; Jemelin, Stephane; Ballet, Romain; Vesin, Christian; Schapira, Marco; Karaca, Melis; Emre, Yalin

    2016-08-16

    Inflammation is characterized by the recruitment of leukocytes from the bloodstream. The rapid arrival of neutrophils is followed by a wave of inflammatory lymphocyte antigen 6 complex (Ly6C)-positive monocytes. In contrast Ly6C(low) monocytes survey the endothelium in the steady state, but their role in inflammation is still unclear. Here, using confocal intravital microscopy, we show that upon Toll-like receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8)-mediated inflammation of mesenteric veins, platelet activation drives the rapid mobilization of Ly6C(low) monocytes to the luminal side of the endothelium. After repeatedly interacting with platelets, Ly6C(low) monocytes commit to a meticulous patrolling of the endothelial wall and orchestrate the subsequent arrival and extravasation of neutrophils through the production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. At a molecular level, we show that cysteine-rich protein 61 (CYR61)/CYR61 connective tissue growth factor nephroblastoma overexpressed 1 (CCN1) protein is released by activated platelets and enables the recruitment of Ly6C(low) monocytes upon vascular inflammation. In addition endothelium-bound CCN1 sustains the adequate patrolling of Ly6C(low) monocytes both in the steady state and under inflammatory conditions. Blocking CCN1 or platelets with specific antibodies impaired the early arrival of Ly6C(low) monocytes and abolished the recruitment of neutrophils. These results refine the leukocyte recruitment cascade model by introducing endothelium-bound CCN1 as an inflammation mediator and by demonstrating a role for platelets and patrolling Ly6C(low) monocytes in acute vascular inflammation.

  19. The efficacy of vitamin D supplementation during a prolonged submarine patrol.

    PubMed

    Gasier, Heath G; Gaffney-Stomberg, Erin; Young, Colin R; McAdams, Douglas C; Lutz, Laura J; McClung, James P

    2014-09-01

    Submariners spend prolonged periods submerged without sunlight exposure and may benefit from vitamin D supplementation to maintain vitamin D status. The primary objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of daily vitamin D supplementation on maintenance of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) during a 3-month submarine patrol. Submariners were randomly divided into three groups: placebo (n = 16), 1,000 IU/day (n = 20), or 2,000 IU/day (n = 17). Anthropometrics, self-reported dietary calcium and vitamin D intake, serum markers of vitamin D and bone metabolism, and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) parameters of the tibia were determined before and after the patrol. Prior to departure, 49 % of the subjects were vitamin D insufficient (<50 nmol/L). Following the patrol, 25(OH)D increased in all groups (p < 0.001): 3.3 ± 13.1 (placebo), 4.6 ± 11.3 (1,000 IU/day), and 13 ± 14 nmol/L (2,000 IU/day). The changes in 25(OH)D levels were dependent upon the baseline concentration of 25(OH)D and body mass (p < 0.001). Osteocalcin increased by 38 % (p < 0.01), and pQCT analyses revealed small, yet significant increases in indices of tibial structure and strength (p < 0.05) that were independent of supplementation. These data suggest that vitamin D status was low prior to the patrol, and the subsequent changes in vitamin D status were dependent on the baseline 25(OH)D levels and body mass. Furthermore, short-term skeletal health does not appear to be negatively affected by 3 months of submergence in spite of a suboptimal response to vitamin D supplementation.

  20. Report of the International Ice Patrol Services in the North Atlantic Ocean, Season of 1985

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-03-17

    regulations 5-8. This service was March until its end on 29 August initiated shortly after the sinking 1985. Commander Norman C. of the RMS TITANIC on April 15...distrbutlon. Dudngthe 1985 seaon, hownln l- Ice Patrol wconnalmnce was conducted by U. S. Coe Guard -C-130 2 Summary of Operations, 1985 From 14 March to...34’ 4631. 20W Basd on thistrip regularMA13 120 104 17 25 deployments started on12 March MY11 120 14 440 ..ti1e~eenpnign ~ *. ......* 62$ 8 2W7 247 14

  1. A method of face detection with deep models for patrol videos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Baozhi; Zhu, Ming

    2015-07-01

    Common face detection methods may fail in videos captured by patrol cars for the low resolution and uncooperative situation. We proposed a method to handle this problem with a parts-based deep model. Different parts of human bodies are detected for improving the accuracy of face detection in this method. A deep neural network is used for combining the detections of different parts. Experiments were conducted on two different datasets. The results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms existing common face detection methods.

  2. A structural analysis of an ocean going patrol boat subjected to planning loads

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, James H.; Lafreniere, Robert; Stoodt, Robert; Wiedenheft, John

    1987-01-01

    A static structural analysis of an ocean going patrol vessel subjected to hydrodynamic planning loads is discussed. The analysis required the development of a detailed model that included hull plating, five structural bulkheads, longitudinal and transverse stiffners, and a coarse representation of the superstructure. The finite element model was developed from fabrication drawings using the Navy computer aided design system. Various stress and displacement contours are shown for the entire hull. Because several critical areas appeared to be overstressed, these areas were remeshed for detail and are presented for completeness.

  3. Managing risk at the Tucson Sector of the U.S. Border Patrol.

    PubMed

    Levine, E S; Waters, Julie F

    2013-07-01

    This article describes a risk analysis used to inform resource allocation at the Tucson Sector of the U.S. Border Patrol, the busiest sector for alien and drug trafficking along the Southwest land border with Mexico. The model and methodology that underlie this analysis are generally applicable to many resource allocation decisions regarding the management of frequently occurring hazards, decisions regularly made by officials at all levels of the homeland security enterprise. The analysis was executed by agents without previous risk expertise working under a short time frame, and the findings from the analysis were used to inform several resource allocation decisions.

  4. Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) Concept Formulation. Allison PD370-40. T701 Derivative Turboprop Engine.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-02-01

    7 A0-AO93 277 GENERAL MOTORS CORP INDIANAPOLIS IN DETROIT DIESEL A-ETC F/6_21/5 MARITIME PATROL AIRCRAFT (MPA) CONCEPT FORMULATION. ALLISON P03...PROJECT. TASK Detroit Diesel Allison AREA & WORKC UNIT NUMBERS t Division of General Motors Corporation, Box 8 4 65152NAO3P-O3PA/O0lE/7W0880-O0l...weight - 6.0% of dry gearbox weight 6 raw 4AV m f) - 4. O~) lblt Diesel Allison OGvkiaon of General Motors Corporation Indianapolis. Indiana 46206 IV

  5. Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) Concept Formulation. Allison Pd370-37.T701 Derivative Turboprop Engine.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-02-01

    ADA093 276 GENERAL MOTORS CORP INDIANAPOLIS IN DETROIT DIESEL A-ETC FIG 21/5 MARITIME PATROL AIRCRAFT CMPA3 CONCEPT FORMULATION. ALLISON PD3-ETC(U...Allison AREA A WORK UNIT NUMBERS Division of General Motors Corporation, Box 894 65152NA03P-03PA/001E/7".�-001 Indianapolis, IN 46206 / Work Unit X...strut and shaft weight - 6.4% of dry gearbox weight. 2.. 5 Roj i a ----vmlf IJ~-.~~,-~ SI. (,)_Detroit Diesel Allison Division of General Motors Corporation

  6. Wilderness rescue and border enforcement along the Arizona Mexico border--the Border Patrol Search, Trauma and Rescue Unit.

    PubMed

    Keim, Samuel M; Reiser, Frank; Shetty, Sheetal; Ranger-Moore, James

    2009-01-01

    To introduce and describe the US Border Patrol (USBP) Tucson Sector Border Patrol Search, Trauma and Rescue Unit (BORSTAR) and to analyze whether the frequency of its activities were associated with the amount of total border patrol law enforcement activities in the area. Descriptive and nonparametric analysis was conducted on data that were obtained on total USBP apprehensions of undocumented immigrants and BORSTAR activities for a consecutive 3-year period. From October 2004 to September 2007 over 1 million apprehensions occurred within the Tucson Sector. During this time, a large number of search, rescue, and medical intervention events occurred. However, only a weak association was found between the frequency of apprehensions and BORSTAR activities. The BORSTAR unit of the Tucson Sector commonly encounters harsh conditions and provides search, rescue, and medical interventions to undocumented immigrants. The frequency of BORSTAR activities is not strongly associated with the volume of USBP law enforcement activities.

  7. PRELIMINARY FINDINGS ON THE ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL CAR-RELATED OCCUPATIONAL PM AND AIR TOXIC EXPOSURE TO PATROL TROOPERS (COPP STUDY)

    EPA Science Inventory

    In-vehicle, roadside and community-based measurements of particulate matter (PM) and select air toxics were measured as part of a study involving patrol cars from the North Carolina Highway Patrol. One goal of this study was to characterize PM and related air pollutant concentra...

  8. PRELIMINARY FINDINGS ON THE ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL CAR-RELATED OCCUPATIONAL PM AND AIR TOXIC EXPOSURE TO PATROL TROOPERS (COPP STUDY)

    EPA Science Inventory

    In-vehicle, roadside and community-based measurements of particulate matter (PM) and select air toxics were measured as part of a study involving patrol cars from the North Carolina Highway Patrol. One goal of this study was to characterize PM and related air pollutant concentra...

  9. An analysis of arthropod interceptions by APHIS-PPQ and Customs and Border Patrol in Puerto Rico

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine (APHIS-PPQ) and Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) inspect traffic entering the United States for arthropods that pose a threat to national agriculture and/or ecosystems. We analyzed interceptions made by these agencies in Puer...

  10. CHANGES IN HEART RATE VARIABILITY AND LUNG FUNCTION OBSERVED IN NC PATROL TROOPERS EXPOSED TO PM AND AIR TOXICS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Changes in Heart Rate Variability and Lung Function in NC Patrol Troopers exposed to PM and Air Toxics

    Michael Riediker1, Wayne E Cascio1, Robert B Devlin2, Thomas Griggs1&4, Margaret Herbst1, Ronald W Williams3, Steve P McCorquodale4, Philip A Bromberg1
    1) University o...

  11. CHANGES IN HEART RATE VARIABILITY AND LUNG FUNCTION OBSERVED IN NC PATROL TROOPERS EXPOSED TO PM AND AIR TOXICS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Changes in Heart Rate Variability and Lung Function in NC Patrol Troopers exposed to PM and Air Toxics

    Michael Riediker1, Wayne E Cascio1, Robert B Devlin2, Thomas Griggs1&4, Margaret Herbst1, Ronald W Williams3, Steve P McCorquodale4, Philip A Bromberg1
    1) University o...

  12. Earth Patrol.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menoche, Terri; And Others

    This guide contains a series of lessons for elementary school students covering environmental issues including waste reduction and recycling, decomposition and composting, landfills, natural resources, energy sources and conservation, and water quality. The lessons include an objective, background information, method, and activities for…

  13. Observations of the geomagnetic field by Polar Patrol Balloon (PPB) experiment in Antarctica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toyama, Fumio; Fujii, Ryoichi; Ejiri, Masaki; Yajima, Nobuyuki

    1993-02-01

    Two scientific balloon experiments of the Polar Patrol Balloon (PPB) project were performed by the 32nd Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition in December 1990 to January 1991. Proton precession magnetometers were used to measure the total intensity of the geomagnetic field for studying the underground magnetic structure by detecting magnetic anomalies and geomagnetic variations like pulsations. The first balloon (PPB-1) showed a trajectory through the center of the Magnetic South Pole with a circumpolar trajectory. The total intensity of the geomagnetic field as obtained by the ARGOS data transmission system every 30 s with an accuracy of 1 nT during the flight of 22 days. A new proton precession magnetometer system that had a wide dynamical measurement range for the PPB observation was developed. This paper reports magnetometry, data processing system, and some preliminary results.

  14. The Civil Air Patrol's role in medical countermeasure distribution in Michigan.

    PubMed

    Hankinson, Jennifer Lixey; Chamberlain, Kerry; Doctor, Suzanne M; Macqueen, Mary

    2011-12-01

    Michigan's unique geological features and highly variable climatic conditions make distribution of medical countermeasures during a public health emergency situation very challenging. To enhance distribution during these situations, the Civil Air Patrol (CAP) has agreed to support the state of Michigan by transporting life-saving medical countermeasures to remote areas of the state. The Michigan Strategic National Stockpile (MISNS) program has successfully developed, exercised, and enhanced its partnership with the CAP to include distribution of federally provided Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) assets. The CAP has proven to be a reliable and valuable partner, as well as a cost-effective and time-efficient means of transporting vital resources during a public health emergency.

  15. Imparting protean behavior to mobile robots accomplishing patrolling tasks in the presence of adversaries.

    PubMed

    Curiac, Daniel-Ioan; Volosencu, Constantin

    2015-10-08

    Providing unpredictable trajectories for patrol robots is essential when coping with adversaries. In order to solve this problem we developed an effective approach based on the known protean behavior of individual prey animals-random zig-zag movement. The proposed bio-inspired method modifies the normal robot's path by incorporating sudden and irregular direction changes without jeopardizing the robot's mission. Such a tactic is aimed to confuse the enemy (e.g. a sniper), offering less time to acquire and retain sight alignment and sight picture. This idea is implemented by simulating a series of fictive-temporary obstacles that will randomly appear in the robot's field of view, deceiving the obstacle avoiding mechanism to react. The new general methodology is particularized by using the Arnold's cat map to obtain the timely random appearance and disappearance of the fictive obstacles. The viability of the proposed method is confirmed through an extensive simulation case study.

  16. Maritime Patrol Aircraft Engine Study P&WA Derivative Engines. Volume II. Performance Data.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-04-30

    U) APR 79 R C NEWELL. P W HERRICK N62269-78C-0GIG UNCLASSIFIED PWA -FR-10966B/C"VOL-2 NAC-79132-60-VOL-2 NL mmEhE mhm 111 1 4;.c~ 111128 12.5 IIIIIII...MARITIME PATROL AIRCRAFT ENGINE STUDT PIWA DERIVATIVE ENGINES. --EC(U) APR 79 R C NEWELL. P W HERRICK N62269-78-C-010 UNCLASSIFIED PWA -FR-10966B/C-VOL-2 NADC...0.80 823. n. 524 -165. 51.3 5.8 1635. MAX .LIft 5.000. 0.85 6289 o 0.333 249. 125.3 17.*6 2535. MAX CKUISE 45000. 0.85 5629. 0.331 150.. 11,.6 16.3

  17. An ergonomic evaluation of city police officers: an analysis of perceived discomfort within patrol duties.

    PubMed

    Cardoso, Michelle; Girouard, Michelle; Callaghan, Jack P; Albert, Wayne J

    2016-11-28

    The purpose of this study was to assess the perceived discomfort of patrol officers related to equipment and vehicle design and whether there were discomfort differences between day and night shifts. A total of 16 participants were recruited (10 males, 6 females) from a local police force to participate for one full day shift and one full night shift. A series of questionnaires were administered to acquire information regarding comfort with specific car features and occupational gear, body part discomfort and health and lifestyle. The discomfort questionnaires were administered three times during each shift to monitor discomfort progression within a shift. Although there were no significant discomfort differences reported between the day and night shifts, perceived discomfort was identified for specific equipment, vehicle design and vehicle configuration, within each 12-h shift.

  18. The Civil Air Patrol's Role in Medical Countermeasure Distribution in Michigan

    PubMed Central

    Hankinson, Jennifer Lixey; Doctor, Suzanne M.; Macqueen, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Michigan's unique geological features and highly variable climatic conditions make distribution of medical countermeasures during a public health emergency situation very challenging. To enhance distribution during these situations, the Civil Air Patrol (CAP) has agreed to support the state of Michigan by transporting life-saving medical countermeasures to remote areas of the state. The Michigan Strategic National Stockpile (MISNS) program has successfully developed, exercised, and enhanced its partnership with the CAP to include distribution of federally provided Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) assets. The CAP has proven to be a reliable and valuable partner, as well as a cost-effective and time-efficient means of transporting vital resources during a public health emergency. PMID:22060035

  19. LED system performance in a trial installation - one year later: Yuma border patrol, Yuma, Arizona

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkerson, Andrea M.; Davis, Robert G.

    2015-04-01

    The Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area is a high temperature and high solar radiation environment, providing an opportunity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to study thermal effects on outdoor light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires outside of the testing laboratory. Six LED luminaires were installed on three poles on the U.S.- Mexico border in February 2014 as part of a trial installation, which was detailed in a prior GATEWAY report.1 The initial trial installation was intended as a short - term test of six luminaires installed on three poles before proceeding with the complete installation of over 400 luminaires. Unexpected delays in the full installation have prevented the detailed evaluations initially planned, but the six installed LED luminaires continue to be monitored, and over the past year illuminance measurements were recorded initially in February 2014 and again in September 2014 at about 2500 hours of operation and in March 2015 at about 5000 hours of operation.

  20. High Cadence Digital Full Disk Hα Patrol Device at Kanzelhöhe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Otruba, W.

    1999-09-01

    The need for monitoring the sun in the prominent Hα-line is evident. For a long time this recording was done on photographic film at Kanzelhöhe Solar Observatory. Now with the evolution of CCDs and digital mass storage devices it is possible and even more economical to do this job digitally. A 1kx1k CCD camera and a standard frame grabbing system on a conventional PC are attached to the established Kanzelhöhe Patrol Instrument with a narrow band Hα filter. At the present state a very simple frame selection mechanism is installed to improve the image quality. The data are archived on CDs. The development of a standard image processing and evaluation system is in progress. Low cadence synoptic images are currently fed into the SOHO synoptic database. Instant data access from the Kanzelhöhe database via WWW is planned.

  1. IMPROVEMENT OF BUSINESS EFFICIENCY USING A MULTI-AGENT SIMULATION FOR HIGHWAY PATROL ON URBAN EXPRESSWAY

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okamoto, Taro; Taniguchi, Eiichi; Yamada, Tadashi

    In Japan, the network of urban expressway has been expanding with the development of urban areas. However, the patrol systems in the urban expressway has not been operated on the basis of scientific evidence, but of conformity and experience. It is therefore crucial to efficiently operate such systems, not only to facilitate the rapid recovery of decreased expressway functionality, but also to acquire the income that supports the operation of privatized expressway companies. Therefore, we develop a multiagent simulation model consisting of the decision-making of four agents, including expressway company, highway patol company, road network users and road authority. These agents determines their schemes depending on their profit obtained. Results of the simulation identyfies the schemes that could offer the profits to the expressway companies in terms of the convenience of the users and the improvement of their operation.

  2. The Development of the Control System for the Automated Patrol Telescope.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Payne, Paul Wilfrid

    A Baker-Nunn Satellite Tracking Camera has been modified to undertake contemporary astronomical survey and patrol projects. The f/1 camera now has a CCD at the focus with a field of 1.2 by 0.9 degrees, with a pixel resolution of 9 arc seconds. The mount has been reconfigured into an equatorial, with new bearings and a friction drive on the right ascension axis. The camera is now called the Automated Patrol Telescope (A.P.T.). This thesis describes the servo control system which was developed to control the motion of the telescope. A digital servo control system was developed incorporating three 6502 microprocessors. Two digital controllers were constructed which interface to a host Apple IIe. Each controller drives a D.C. printed armature motor which is coupled to the axes of the telescope mount through reduction gears. The position and velocity of the telescope are sensed through an incremental encoder on the shaft of each motor. The thesis describes the development of the control algorithm and its performance. Nonlinear friction within the drive mechanism led to the implementation of a velocity PID control algorithm with gain scheduling. The control system is responsible for pointing, tracking and autoguiding the telescope. Each utility can be initiated through the Apple IIe keyboard or remotely via a GPIB link. The results of an initial pointing test are presented. The pointing algorithm compensates for the effects introduced by the nonperpendicularities between the axes of the mount, polar misalignment, and atmospheric refraction. Modelling of the telescope and mount improved the pointing accuracy from 746 to 168 arc second. The thesis discusses possible causes as to why further improvement was not achieved. The tracking and autoguiding responses of the telescope are presented. The tracking accuracy during autoguiding is 0.22 arc seconds. A systematic error of 0.56 arc seconds is also present. The source of this systematic error is explained and a solution is

  3. Validation Studies of the Numerical Tool PANSHIP for Predicting the Calm Water Resistance of the Armidale Class Patrol Boat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    at calm water line (m) U Ship speed (m/s) V Displaced volume (m3) V Speed (m/sec) Vk Speed (knots) Pd Developed power at propeller/engine (W...UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Validation Studies of the Numerical Tool PANSHIP for Predicting the Calm Water Resistance of the Armidale Class...reported previously that DSTO has undertaken a series of calm water resistance scaled model tests on the Armidale Class Patrol Boat (ACPB). In

  4. Prolonged mounted patrolling is a risk factor for developing knee pain in Danish military personnel deployed to the Helmand Province.

    PubMed

    Lundin, Christina Rydahl; Houe, T; Sevelsted, A; Nissen, L

    2016-10-01

    Non-battle injuries have been the leading cause of medical evacuation in the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. This study investigates the hypothesis, that the occurrence of knee problems could be associated with mounted patrolling in armoured vehicles independent of other risk factors. Retrospective questionnaire-based cohort study of Danish soldiers deployed to Afghanistan during 1 February-31 July 2013. 307 soldiers included. Response rate 70%. 33% reported knee pain. Significant association between knee pain and time spent weekly on mounted patrols (OR 1.23, CI 1.07 to 1.41, p=0.003). Controlled for confounders age, body mass index and duration of military employment (OR 1.22, CI 1.06 to 1.41, p=0.006). Adjusted for confounders and all other risk factors (OR 1.25, CI 1.07 to 1.48, p=0.007). The main finding in a subset of the 33% with knee pain: Significant association between more severe knee problems with Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score below 400 and time spent weekly on mounted patrols (OR 1.49, CI 1.17 to 1.56, p=0.002). A major concern regarding knee problems among Danish deployed military personnel is identified. The risk of suffering from knee problems and the severity of symptoms increase with the amount of time spent inside a vehicle on mounted patrols. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  5. Tissue-resident memory CD8+ T cells continuously patrol skin epithelia to quickly recognize local antigen.

    PubMed

    Ariotti, Silvia; Beltman, Joost B; Chodaczek, Grzegorz; Hoekstra, Mirjam E; van Beek, Anna E; Gomez-Eerland, Raquel; Ritsma, Laila; van Rheenen, Jacco; Marée, Athanasius F M; Zal, Tomasz; de Boer, Rob J; Haanen, John B A G; Schumacher, Ton N

    2012-11-27

    Recent work has demonstrated that following the clearance of infection a stable population of memory T cells remains present in peripheral organs and contributes to the control of secondary infections. However, little is known about how tissue-resident memory T cells behave in situ and how they encounter newly infected target cells. Here we demonstrate that antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells that remain in skin following herpes simplex virus infection show a steady-state crawling behavior in between keratinocytes. Spatially explicit simulations of the migration of these tissue-resident memory T cells indicate that the migratory dendritic behavior of these cells allows the detection of antigen-expressing target cells in physiologically relevant time frames of minutes to hours. Furthermore, we provide direct evidence for the identification of rare antigen-expressing epithelial cells by skin-patrolling memory T cells in vivo. These data demonstrate the existence of skin patrol by memory T cells and reveal the value of this patrol in the rapid detection of renewed infections at a previously infected site.

  6. Tissue-resident memory CD8+ T cells continuously patrol skin epithelia to quickly recognize local antigen

    PubMed Central

    Ariotti, Silvia; Beltman, Joost B.; Chodaczek, Grzegorz; Hoekstra, Mirjam E.; van Beek, Anna E.; Gomez-Eerland, Raquel; Ritsma, Laila; van Rheenen, Jacco; Marée, Athanasius F. M.; Zal, Tomasz; de Boer, Rob J.; Haanen, John B. A. G.; Schumacher, Ton N.

    2012-01-01

    Recent work has demonstrated that following the clearance of infection a stable population of memory T cells remains present in peripheral organs and contributes to the control of secondary infections. However, little is known about how tissue-resident memory T cells behave in situ and how they encounter newly infected target cells. Here we demonstrate that antigen-specific CD8+ T cells that remain in skin following herpes simplex virus infection show a steady-state crawling behavior in between keratinocytes. Spatially explicit simulations of the migration of these tissue-resident memory T cells indicate that the migratory dendritic behavior of these cells allows the detection of antigen-expressing target cells in physiologically relevant time frames of minutes to hours. Furthermore, we provide direct evidence for the identification of rare antigen-expressing epithelial cells by skin-patrolling memory T cells in vivo. These data demonstrate the existence of skin patrol by memory T cells and reveal the value of this patrol in the rapid detection of renewed infections at a previously infected site. PMID:23150545

  7. Structures of twilight patrol in the "Churyumov's Unified network" to ensure continuous monitoring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Churyumov, K. I.; Steklov, A. F.; Vidmachenko, A. P.; Dashkiev, G. N.; Steklov, E. A.; Slipchenko, A. S.; Romaniuk, Ya. O.; Nevodovskyi, P. V.

    2016-10-01

    calibrating control of facts and traces of all kinds of dangerous invasions. 3. Twilight patrol of "Churyumov Unified Network" and the study of invasions of fragments of cometary nuclei in the Earth's atmosphere. The costs of the study of the comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko 67P and its nuclei, on all mission of Rosetta-Philae, amounted to about EUR 2 billion [6]. Its results have significantly improved our understanding of the physics of cometary phenomena have further exacerbated problems of asteroid and comet hazard. In 2016, astronomers a lot of effort and time allocated for study of the disintegration of cometary nucleus of Ikeya - Murakami (P / 2010 V1) at least 17 of fragments. The authors have created a twilight patrol of "United Network Churyumov" to implement of daytime and twilight observations

  8. Patrol of the short wavelength activity and flares of Sun as star

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Afanasiev, I.; Avakyan, S.; Leonov, N.; Serova, A.; Voronin, N.

    Monitoring of the spectral range which most affects solar-terrestrial relationship - soft X-ray and extreme UV-radiations allows to solve ? problem of solar activity influence on all aspects of the Sun - Earth ties and to select the most important precursors of solar flares and the solar events related with a flare (such as proton events, high-velocity plasma streams in the solar wind, shock waves, coronal mass ejection and, the most important, the beginning of principal magnetic storms). Solar activity is constantly monitored at present (in the USA) only in two sections of the spectrum of ionizing radiation: <0.8 nm and >115 (119) nm. However, so far there has been no monitoring of the flux in the most geoeffective region of the spectrum (0.8-115 nm) from the entire disk of the sun; this region completely monitors the main part of the ionosphere of the earth and the ionosphere of the other planets of the solar system, including the formation and status of the main ionospheric maxima. This occurs solely because of technical and methodological difficulties in performing the measurements and calibration in this spectral range on spacecraft, because it is necessity to use only windowless optics. At the present the solar the optical - electronic equipment (OEE) is testing and there are plans to launch OEE of Space Solar Patrol (SSP) consisting of solar radiometers and spectrometers at the Russian Module of the International Space Station. So the solving the problem of the permanent monitoring-patrol of ionizing radiation from the full disk of the Sun appears in the main tasks of fundamental scientific studies in space. The results of this monitoring can be contribution in development of simultaneous studies in several sciences, such as: - solar astrophysics (state of all solar atmospheric regions), - meteorology, physics of atmosphere (the influence of solar activity on global changes, climate and weather including the effects of atmo s pheric electricity), - aeronomy

  9. Development of a Data Reduction algorithm for Optical Wide Field Patrol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Sun-youp; Keum, Kang-Hoon; Lee, Seong-Whan; Jin, Ho; Park, Yung-Sik; Hong-Suh; Jo, Jung Hyun; Moon, Hong-Kyu; Bae, Young-Ho; Choi, Jin; Choi, Young-Jun; Park, Jang-Hyun; Lee, Jung-Ho

    2013-09-01

    The detector subsystem of the Optical Wide-field Patrol (OWL) network efficiently acquires the position and time information of moving objects such as artificial satellites through its chopper system, which consists of 4 blades in front of the CCD camera. Using this system, it is possible to get more position data with the same exposure time by changing the streaks of the moving objects into many pieces with the fast rotating blades during sidereal tracking. At the same time, the time data from the rotating chopper can be acquired by the time tagger connected to the photo diode. To analyze the orbits of the targets detected in the image data of such a system, a sequential procedure of determining the positions of separated streak lines was developed that involved calculating the World Coordinate System (WCS) solution to transform the positions into equatorial coordinate systems, and finally combining the time log records from the time tagger with the transformed position data. We introduce this procedure and the preliminary results of the application of this procedure to the test observation images.

  10. Intravital live cell triggered imaging system reveals monocyte patrolling and macrophage migration in atherosclerotic arteries

    PubMed Central

    McArdle, Sara; Chodaczek, Grzegorz; Ray, Nilanjan; Ley, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Intravital multiphoton imaging of arteries is technically challenging because the artery expands with every heartbeat, causing severe motion artifacts. To study leukocyte activity in atherosclerosis, we developed the intravital live cell triggered imaging system (ILTIS). This system implements cardiac triggered acquisition as well as frame selection and image registration algorithms to produce stable movies of myeloid cell movement in atherosclerotic arteries in live mice. To minimize tissue damage, no mechanical stabilization is used and the artery is allowed to expand freely. ILTIS performs multicolor high frame-rate two-dimensional imaging and full-thickness three-dimensional imaging of beating arteries in live mice. The external carotid artery and its branches (superior thyroid and ascending pharyngeal arteries) were developed as a surgically accessible and reliable model of atherosclerosis. We use ILTIS to demonstrate Cx3cr1GFP monocytes patrolling the lumen of atherosclerotic arteries. Additionally, we developed a new reporter mouse (Apoe−/−Cx3cr1GFP/+Cd11cYFP) to image GFP+ and GFP+YFP+ macrophages “dancing on the spot” and YFP+ macrophages migrating within intimal plaque. ILTIS will be helpful to answer pertinent open questions in the field, including monocyte recruitment and transmigration, macrophage and dendritic cell activity, and motion of other immune cells. PMID:25710308

  11. Toward a sensor-based threat warning system for patrols in MOUT scenarios

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Metzler, Jürgen; Willersinn, Dieter

    2007-04-01

    Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) require the capability to perceive and to analyse the situation around a patrol in order to recognize potential threats. Human operators can only observe a limited field of regard. Sensors can enhance the field of regard up to 360°, but then the amount of data cannot be fully exploited by a human operator any more. For this reason an intelligent assistance system is required that monitors the circumference of a moving platform and warns the driver of a threatening situation. One first processing step of such a system is the recognition of humans. There are numerous approaches to the detection of humans, mainly from stationary cameras. Moving cameras play a role in the field of pedestrian protection from a moving road vehicle. There are two principal differences to this latter application domain. Firstly, the threat in a MOUT scenario potentially arises from humans in the scene. Secondly, not only the trajectories of individual humans are relevant, but also the motion and the behavior of groups of humans. As a first step towards an assistance system that automatically warns drivers in a MOUT scenario, we implemented an approach to the detection of humans in video images and applied them to a relevant set of image sequences taken in a MOUT scenario. In the paper we assess the obtained results and outline further research activities.

  12. Feeding the wavefront sensors of LINC-NIRVANA: the dedicated Patrol Camera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lorenzetti, Dario; D'Alessio, Francesco; Li Causi, Gianluca; Vitali, Fabrizio; Centrone, Mauro; Speziali, Roberto; Diolaiti, Emiliano; Farinato, Jacopo; Ragazzoni, Roberto; Bertram, Thomas; Briegel, Florian; De Bonis, Fulvio; Gässler, Wolfgang; Herbst, Tom; Kürster, Martin; Rohloff, Ralf-Rainer

    2010-07-01

    LINC-NIRVANA is the IR Fizeau interferometric imager that will be installed within a couple of years on the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) in Arizona. Here we present a particular sub-system, the so-called Patrol Camera (PC), which has been now completed, along with the results of the laboratory tests. It images (in the range 600-900 nm) the same 2 arcmin FoV seen by the Medium-High Wavefront Sensor (MHWS), adequately sampled to provide the MHWS star enlargers with the positions of the FoV stars with an accuracy of 0.1 arcsec. To this aim a diffraction-limited performance is not required, while a distortion free focal plane is needed to provide a suitable astrometric output. Two identical systems have been realized, one for each single arm, which corresponds to each single telescope. We give here the details concerning the optical and mechanical layout, as well as the CCD and the control system. The interfaces (mainly software procedures) with LINC-NIRVANA (L-N) are also presented.

  13. Intravital live cell triggered imaging system reveals monocyte patrolling and macrophage migration in atherosclerotic arteries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McArdle, Sara; Chodaczek, Grzegorz; Ray, Nilanjan; Ley, Klaus

    2015-02-01

    Intravital multiphoton imaging of arteries is technically challenging because the artery expands with every heartbeat, causing severe motion artifacts. To study leukocyte activity in atherosclerosis, we developed the intravital live cell triggered imaging system (ILTIS). This system implements cardiac triggered acquisition as well as frame selection and image registration algorithms to produce stable movies of myeloid cell movement in atherosclerotic arteries in live mice. To minimize tissue damage, no mechanical stabilization is used and the artery is allowed to expand freely. ILTIS performs multicolor high frame-rate two-dimensional imaging and full-thickness three-dimensional imaging of beating arteries in live mice. The external carotid artery and its branches (superior thyroid and ascending pharyngeal arteries) were developed as a surgically accessible and reliable model of atherosclerosis. We use ILTIS to demonstrate Cx3cr1GFP monocytes patrolling the lumen of atherosclerotic arteries. Additionally, we developed a new reporter mouse (Apoe-/-Cx3cr1GFP/+Cd11cYFP) to image GFP+ and GFP+YFP+ macrophages "dancing on the spot" and YFP+ macrophages migrating within intimal plaque. ILTIS will be helpful to answer pertinent open questions in the field, including monocyte recruitment and transmigration, macrophage and dendritic cell activity, and motion of other immune cells.

  14. Proto-Type Development of Optical Wide-field Patrol Network and Test Observation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, J.; Choi, Y.; Jo, J.; Moon, H.; Yim, H.; Park, Y.; Hae, Y.; Park, S.; Choi, J.; Son, J.

    2014-09-01

    We present a prototype system developed for optical satellite tracking and its early test observation results. The main objective of the OWL (Optical Wide-field patroL) network is to get orbital information for Korean domestic satellites using optical means only and to maintain their orbital elements. The network is composed of 5 small wide-field telescopes deployed over the world. Each observing station is operated in fully robotic manner from receiving observation schedule to reporting the result, and controlled by the headquarter located in Daejeon, Korea, where orbit calculation and observation strategy will be determined. We developed a compact telescope system for robotic observation and easy maintenance. The telescope is 0.5m of aperture diameter with Rechey-Cretian configuration and its field of view is 1.1 deg. It is equipped with 4K CCD with 9um pixel size, and its pixel scale is 1.2 arcsec/pixel. A chopper wheel with variable speed is adopted to get more points in a single shot. The CCD camera and all the rotating parts (chopper wheel, de-rotator, and filter wheel) are integrated into one compact component called a wheel station. Each observing station is equipped with a fully automatic dome and heavy duty environment monitoring system. We could get an image every 20 seconds and up to ~100 trail points in a single exposure. Each point is time-tagged by ~1/1000 second precision. For one of best cases, we could estimate satellite position with RMS ~ 0.5km accuracy in the along-track with only 4 exposures (~100 points). The first system was installed at the Mongolian site after completing verification test at the testbed site in Daejeon, Korea. The second and third system will be installed in the end of this year.

  15. ELF/VLF Wave Observation by Polar Patrol Balloon Experiment in 2003

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamagishi, H.; Miyake, T.; Okada, T.; Kadokura, A.; Ebihara, Y.; Yamagami, T.; Saito, Y.; Namiki, M.; Matsuzaka, Y.; Nakagawa, M.

    Polar Patrol Balloon PPB No 8 and 10 were launched from Antarctic Syowa Station in January 2003 Two balloons equipped with identical instruments for auroral study accomplished halfway round the Antarctic continent in two weeks Distance between the two balloons increased from 100 to 700 km during the flight ELF VLF wave instrument onboard the balloon utilized wires surrounding the balloon body as loop antennas and observed wave magnetic field in 0 2 Hz sim 36 kHz band in three different ways WFC waveform capture observed waveform in 0 2 sim 4 Hz MCA multi-channel analyzer observed wave intensities at 0 3 0 6 1 2 and 2 4 kHz SFA sweep frequency analyzer observed wave intensities at 5 10 20 and 36 kHz Time accuracy between the two balloons was kept within 1 ms using GPS receivers Observed data were directly transferred to Japan via Iridium telephone data link During the first half of the flight the balloons moved from auroral to sub-auroral zone and the geomagnetic activity was quiet In the second half of the flight the balloons moved from sub-auroral zone to mid-latitudes and the geomagnetic activity was very active WFC observed strong several tens of pT bursty fluctuations followed by damping oscillations lasting for sim 30s Similar bursty waveform was observed at Syowa Station However one-to-one correspondence was not found between the two balloons and the ground station MCA observed ELF hiss polar chorus and auroral hiss during most of the flights Time variations of the emissions were very similar between the

  16. Injury Prevention for Ski-Area Employees: A Physiological Assessment of Lift Operators, Instructors, and Patrollers

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background. Momentary lapses in concentration contribute to workplace accidents. Given that blood glucose (BG) and hydration levels have been shown to affect vigilance, this study proposed to investigate these parameters and functional movement patterns of ski-resort workers and to determine whether an educational program to stabilize BG and hydration and encourage joint stability had an effect in decreasing occupational injuries. Methods. Seventy-five instructors, patrollers and, lift-operators at five snowsport resorts were evaluated for BG, vigilance, workload, dietary/hydration practices, and functional-movement patterns. Injury rates were tabulated before and after an educational program for nutrition and functional-movement awareness and compared to other resorts. Results. Workers showed poor stability at the lumbar spine, knee, and shoulder. BG levels were normal but variable (%CV = 14 ± 6). Diets were high in sugar and fat and low in water and many nutrients. Medical Aid and Lost Time claims declined significantly by 65.1 ± 20.0% (confidence interval −90.0% ≤μ ≤ −40.2%) in resorts that used the educational program whereas four control resorts not using the program experienced increases of 33.4 ± 42.9% (confidence interval −19.7% ≤μ ≤ −86.7%; F[2,12] = 21.35, P < 0.0001 ) over the same season. Conclusion. Provision of snowsport resort workers with educational programs encouraging hydration, diet to stabilize BG, and functional-movement awareness was effective in reducing worksite injuries in this population. PMID:23998119

  17. Design and performance of the Civil Air Patrol ARCHER hyperspectral processing system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevenson, Brian; O'Connor, Rory; Kendall, William; Stocker, Alan; Schaff, William; Alexa, Drew; Salvador, John; Eismann, Michael; Barnard, Kenneth; Kershenstein, John

    2005-06-01

    The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is procuring Airborne Real-time Cueing Hyperspectral Enhanced Reconnaissance (ARCHER) systems to increase their search-and-rescue mission capability. These systems are being installed on a fleet of Gippsland GA-8 aircraft, and will position CAP to gain realworld mission experience with the application of hyperspectral sensor and processing technology to search and rescue. The ARCHER system design, data processing, and operational concept leverage several years of investment in hyperspectral technology research and airborne system demonstration programs by the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL). Each ARCHER system consists of a NovaSol-designed, pushbroom, visible/near-infrared (VNIR) hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensor, a co-boresighted visible panchromatic high-resolution imaging (HRI) sensor, and a CMIGITS-III GPS/INS unit in an integrated sensor assembly mounted inside the GA-8 cabin. ARCHER incorporates an on-board data processing system developed by Space Computer Corporation (SCC) to perform numerous real-time processing functions including data acquisition and recording, raw data correction, target detection, cueing and chipping, precision image geo-registration, and display and dissemination of image products and target cue information. A ground processing station is provided for post-flight data playback and analysis. This paper describes the requirements and architecture of the ARCHER system, with emphasis on data processor design, components, software, interfaces, and displays. Key sensor performance characteristics and real-time data processing features are discussed. The use of the system for detecting and geo-locating ground targets in real-time is demonstrated using test data collected in Southern California in the fall of 2004.

  18. Analysis of health data from 10 years of Polaris submarine patrols.

    PubMed

    Tansey, W A; Wilson, J M; Schaefer, K E

    1979-01-01

    Medical reports from 885 Fleet Ballistic Missile (FBM) submarine patrols (7,650,000 man-days) were analyzed. The data were categorized and compared with data obtained by medical personnel from surface fleet personnel (1,215,918 man-days) during a continuous 7--8 months' deployment of surface vessels in 1973. Surface fleet personnel had a higher illness rate in the categories of respiratory, traumatic, gastrointestinal, dermal, infections, and miscellaneous illness, and a lower rate in genitourinary, systemic (including mononucleosis), cranial, and neuropsychiatric illness compared to submarine personnel. Because of improved atmosphere control, a sharp decline in the level of submarine contaminants occurred between 1965--67. Reports from the 1968--73 period showed a decrease in: 1) respiratory; 2) ear, nose, and throat; 3) gastrointestinal; 4) cardiovascular; 5) urologic; and 6) general medical illness categories; the number of general surgery, orthopedics, dental, and eye illness cases was not affected. Neurologic and psychiatric disease showed the only increases in incidence for this period. The overall decrease in illness can be attributed mainly to the fall in the incidence of respiratory disease, known to be affected by reduced air pollution, and the decline in gastrointestinal illness. This decline occurred in a period during which the incidence of both classes of illness went up in the general population, according to the Health Interview Survey published by DHEW. The improvement of atmosphere control in submarines caused a substantial reduction in contaminants (a decline in tobacco smoking also occurred in this period), which led to a decrease in incidence of illness, particularly respiratory disease. No direct causal relationship between reduction in air pollution and reduction in the incidence of disease could be proven within the framework of this study, however.

  19. Allometric Scaling of Patrolling Rate and Nest Volume in Constrictotermes cyphergaster Termites: Hints on the Settlement of Inquilines

    PubMed Central

    DeSouza, Og; Araújo, Ana Paula Albano; Florencio, Daniela Faria; Rosa, Cassiano Sousa; Marins, Alessandra; Costa, Diogo Andrade; Rodrigues, Vinicius Barros; Cristaldo, Paulo Fellipe

    2016-01-01

    Structural and functional traits of organisms are known to be related to the size of individuals and to the size of their colonies when they belong to one. Among such traits, propensity to inquilinism in termites is known to relate positively to colony size. Larger termitaria hold larger diversity of facultative inquilines than smaller nests, whereas obligate inquilines seem unable to settle in nests smaller than a threshold volume. Respective underlying mechanisms, however, remain hypothetical. Here we test one of such hypotheses, namely, that nest defence correlates negatively to nest volume in Constrictotermes cyphergaster termites (Termitidae: Nasutitermitinae). As a surrogate to defence, we used ‘patrolling rate’, i.e., the number of termite individuals attending per unit time an experimentally damaged spot on the outer wall of their termitaria. We found that patrolling rate decayed allometrically with increasing nest size. Conspicuously higher patrolling rates occurred in smaller nests, while conspicuously lower rates occurred in larger nests presenting volumes in the vicinity of the threshold value for the establishment of inquilinism. This could be proven adaptive for the host and guest. At younger nest age, host colonies are smaller and presumably more vulnerable and unstable. Enhanced defence rates may, hence, prevent eventual risks to hosts from inquilinism at the same time that it prevents inquilines to settle in a still unstable nest. Conversely, when colonies grow and maturate enough to stand threats, they would invest in priorities other than active defence, opening an opportunity for inquilines to settle in nests which are more suitable or less risky. Under this two-fold process, cohabitation between host and inquiline could readily stabilize. PMID:26808197

  20. Yuma Border Patrol Area Lighting Retrofit LED System Performance in a Trial Installation – Two Years Later

    SciTech Connect

    Wilkerson, Andrea M.; Sullivan, Gregory P.; Davis, Robert G.

    2016-05-21

    Documentation of the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area lighting LED trial demonstration continues to provide a better understanding of LED technology performance in a high ambient temperature and high solar radiation environment. Measured data at the project site showed illuminances changing more rapidly than anticipated. As previously predicted, the causes for these observed changes are mostly if not completely explained by dirt accumulation. The laboratory measurements showed not only the effect of dirt on lumen output, but also on the distribution of light exiting the luminaire.

  1. Participation in workplace design with reference to low back pain: a case for the improvement of the police patrol car.

    PubMed

    Kuorinka, I; Côté, M M; Baril, R; Geoffrion, R; Giguère, D; Dalzell, M A; Larue, C

    1994-07-01

    Thirty Canadian police officers, divided into six groups, participated in the redesign of the interior of the patrol car. Three of the groups consisted of individuals having a history of low back disease. The effect of participating in a design process on the characteristics of the final design and on the perception of the low back pain was studied in a semi-experimental setting. The participants developed a strong commitment to the participatory design process, which was reflected in their productions. The differences between participants with and without a history of a low back disease was not marked. The former tended to stress posture-related elements in their analysis and design.

  2. CHANGES IN LUNG FUNCTION OBSERVED IN A STUDY OF PM AND AIR TOXICS EXPOSURE TO NC HIGHWAY PATROL TROOPERS (COPP-STUDY)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Introduction: Car emissions have been identified as a major source of respirable particles. Individuals whose jobs involve being on the road, such as patrol troopers, may be exposed to high cencentrations of toxic air pollutants from vehicle emissions. This exposure might a...

  3. CHANGES IN LUNG FUNCTION OBSERVED IN A STUDY OF PM AND AIR TOXICS EXPOSURE TO NC HIGHWAY PATROL TROOPERS (COPP-STUDY)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Introduction: Car emissions have been identified as a major source of respirable particles. Individuals whose jobs involve being on the road, such as patrol troopers, may be exposed to high cencentrations of toxic air pollutants from vehicle emissions. This exposure might a...

  4. Effects of Patrol Operation on Hydration Status and Autonomic Modulation of Heart Rate of Brazilian Peacekeepers in Haiti.

    PubMed

    Duarte, Antonio F A; Morgado, Jairo J M

    2015-11-01

    The stress of operational missions may challenge the maintenance of body homeostasis, affecting soldiers' cardiac autonomic control, promoting dehydration, and compromising performance. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effects of peacekeeper patrol operation in Haiti on soldiers' hydration status and cardiac autonomic modulation, and to determine whether fluctuations in autonomic modulation were associated with changes in hydration status, energy expenditure (EE), and aerobic fitness (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max). A group of 20 soldiers (23.5 ± 4.7 years; V[Combining Dot Above]O2max 52.9 ± 4.5 ml·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹) completed an operational patrol mission with a mean duration of 160.6 ± 28.6 minutes. Before (Pre) and after (Post) the operation, the soldiers' body masses (BMs) were measured and 5-minute heart rate interbeat (R-R) intervals were recorded at rest to estimate heart rate variability (low-frequency [LF] and high-frequency [HF] power, and sympathovagal balance [LF/HF]). During the mission, EE was estimated using heart rate (HR) monitors. Changes from Pre to Post in BM (%BM loss) and LF/HF (ΔLF/HF) were used to evaluate the soldiers' dehydration levels and autonomic modulation, respectively. The mean EE was 711.0 ± 208.7 kcal. From pre to post, increases (p < 0.01) were noted in LF normalized units (n.u.) and LF/HF and decreases (p < 0.01) were noted in BM, R-R interval, and HF n.u. The variation in ΔLF/HF correlated with EE (r = 0.49; p = 0.02), V[Combining Dot Above]O2max (r = -0.42; p = 0.05), and %BM loss (r = 0.53; p = 0.02). The results demonstrated that an operational peacekeeper patrol with an approximate duration of 160 minutes promoted both dehydration and an imbalance in the autonomic modulation of soldiers' HR. The reduction in sympathovagal balance correlated with EE, dehydration, and aerobic conditioning.

  5. Phototherapy and orange-tinted goggles for night-shift adaptation of police officers on patrol.

    PubMed

    Boivin, Diane B; Boudreau, Philippe; Tremblay, Geneviève M

    2012-06-01

    The aim of the present combined field and laboratory study was to assess circadian entrainment in two groups of police officers working seven consecutive 8/8.5-h night shifts as part of a rotating schedule. Eight full-time police officers on patrol (mean age ± SD: 29.8 ± 6.5 yrs) were provided an intervention consisting of intermittent exposure to wide-spectrum bright light at night, orange-tinted goggles at sunrise, and maintenance of a regular sleep/darkness episode in the day. Orange-tinted goggles have been shown to block the melatonin-suppressing effect of light significantly more than neutral gray density goggles. Nine control group police officers (mean age ± SD: 30.3 ± 4.1 yrs) working the same schedule were enrolled. Police officers were studied before, after (in the laboratory), and during (ambulatory) a series of seven consecutive nights. Urine samples were collected at wake time and bedtime throughout the week of night work and during laboratory visits (1 × /3 h) preceding and following the work week to measure urinary 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (UaMT6s) excretion rate. Subjective alertness was assessed at the start, middle, and end of night shifts. A 10-min psychomotor vigilance task was performed at the start and end of each shift. Both laboratory visits consisted of two 8-h sleep episodes based on the prior schedule. Saliva samples were collected 2 × /h during waking episodes to assay their melatonin content. Subjective alertness (3 × /h) and performance (1 × /2 h) were assessed during wake periods in the laboratory. A mixed linear model was used to analyze the progression of UaMt6s excreted during daytime sleep episodes at home, as well as psychomotor performance and subjective alertness during night shifts. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (factors: laboratory visit and group) were used to compare peak salivary melatonin and UaMT6s excretion rate in the laboratory. In both groups of police officers, the excretion rate of UaMT6s at home was

  6. A Validation of the Proposed Royal Australian Navy Standard Work Week and Naval Management Diary Using a Simulated Crew of an Armidale Class Patrol Boat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    Turner, Cleary, & Warren, 2013) under realistic shipboard working conditions . Grech et al. note that “the final crew 3 configuration ultimately...environments provide unique “stressor complexes” that contribute to mental and physical fatigue through working conditions , motion, extreme...PROPOSED ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY STANDARD WORK WEEK AND NAVAL MANAGEMENT DIARY USING A SIMULATED CREW OF AN ARMIDALE CLASS PATROL BOAT by

  7. Maritime Concept Development Approach for a Force Protection In-Harbour Transit of a Canadian Patrol Frigate. Concept Screening and Selection for the MCD&E Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    Defence R&D Canada – Atlantic DEFENCE DÉFENSE & Maritime Concept Development Approach for a Force Protection In-Harbour Transit of a Canadian Patrol...Desired – Examine voter consensus ( Schools of Thought/Clustering) – Attempt to achieve better alternatives , greater consensus • Adjust as required...Defence Research and Development Canada Recherche et développement pour la défense Canada Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704

  8. Swimming between the flags: a preliminary exploration of the influences on Australians' intentions to swim between the flags at patrolled beaches.

    PubMed

    White, Katherine M; Hyde, Melissa K

    2010-11-01

    Swimming at patrolled beaches reduces the likelihood of drownings and near-drownings. The present study tested the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), with the addition of risk perceptions, in predicting people's intentions to swim between the flags at patrolled beaches. We examined also the predictors of people's willingness to swim [1] up to 10 m and [2] more than 10 m outside of the patrol flags. Participants (N=526) completed measures of attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control (PBC), intentions/willingness, and both objective and subjective risk perceptions. Two weeks later, a sub-sample of participants reported on their beach swimming behaviour for the previous fortnight. Attitude and subjective norm predicted intentions to swim between and willingness to swim outside of the flags. Age and PBC influenced willingness to swim beyond the flags. Objective risk predicted willingness to swim beyond the flags (both distances) while subjective risk predicted willingness to swim up to 10 m outside the flags. People's intentions to swim between the flags were correlated with their behaviour at follow-up. This study provides a preliminary investigation into an important safety behaviour and identifies factors to target when promoting safe swimming behaviours to prevent drowning deaths on Australian beaches.

  9. Development of a Reduction Algorithm of GEO Satellite Optical Observation Data for Optical Wide Field Patrol (OWL)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Sun-youp; Choi, Jin; Jo, Jung Hyun; Son, Ju Young; Park, Yung-Sik; Yim, Hong-Suh; Moon, Hong-Kyu; Bae, Young-Ho; Choi, Young-Jun; Park, Jang-Hyun

    2015-09-01

    An algorithm to automatically extract coordinate and time information from optical observation data of geostationary orbit satellites (GEO satellites) or geosynchronous orbit satellites (GOS satellites) is developed. The optical wide-field patrol system is capable of automatic observation using a pre-arranged schedule. Therefore, if this type of automatic analysis algorithm is available, daily unmanned monitoring of GEO satellites can be possible. For data acquisition for development, the COMS1 satellite was observed with 1-s exposure time and 1-m interval. The images were grouped and processed in terms of ¡°action¡±, and each action was composed of six or nine successive images. First, a reference image with the best quality in one action was selected. Next, the rest of the images in the action were geometrically transformed to fit in the horizontal coordinate system (expressed in azimuthal angle and elevation) of the reference image. Then, these images were median-combined to retain only the possible non-moving GEO candidates. By reverting the coordinate transformation of the positions of these GEO satellite candidates, the final coordinates could be calculated.

  10. Development of a Data Reduction Algorithm for Optical Wide Field Patrol (OWL) II: Improving Measurement of Lengths of Detected Streaks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Sun-Youp; Choi, Jin; Roh, Dong-Goo; Park, Maru; Jo, Jung Hyun; Yim, Hong-Suh; Park, Young-Sik; Bae, Young-Ho; Park, Jang-Hyun; Moon, Hong-Kyu; Choi, Young-Jun; Cho, Sungki; Choi, Eun-Jung

    2016-09-01

    As described in the previous paper (Park et al. 2013), the detector subsystem of optical wide-field patrol (OWL) provides many observational data points of a single artificial satellite or space debris in the form of small streaks, using a chopper system and a time tagger. The position and the corresponding time data are matched assuming that the length of a streak on the CCD frame is proportional to the time duration of the exposure during which the chopper blades do not obscure the CCD window. In the previous study, however, the length was measured using the diagonal of the rectangle of the image area containing the streak; the results were quite ambiguous and inaccurate, allowing possible matching error of positions and time data. Furthermore, because only one (position, time) data point is created from one streak, the efficiency of the observation decreases. To define the length of a streak correctly, it is important to locate the endpoints of a streak. In this paper, a method using a differential convolution mask pattern is tested. This method can be used to obtain the positions where the pixel values are changed sharply. These endpoints can be regarded as directly detected positional data, and the number of data points is doubled by this result.

  11. Trichuris suis induces human non-classical patrolling monocytes via the mannose receptor and PKC: implications for multiple sclerosis.

    PubMed

    Kooij, Gijs; Braster, Rens; Koning, Jasper J; Laan, Lisa C; van Vliet, Sandra J; Los, Tamara; Eveleens, Anne Marieke; van der Pol, Susanne M A; Förster-Waldl, Elisabeth; Boztug, Kaan; Belot, Alexandre; Szilagyi, Katka; van den Berg, Timo K; van Buul, Jaap D; van Egmond, Marjolein; de Vries, Helga E; Cummings, Richard D; Dijkstra, Christine D; van Die, Irma

    2015-07-25

    The inverse correlation between prevalence of auto-immune disorders like the chronic neuro-inflammatory disease multiple sclerosis (MS) and the occurrence of helminth (worm) infections, suggests that the helminth-trained immune system is protective against auto-immunity. As monocytes are regarded as crucial players in the pathogenesis of auto-immune diseases, we explored the hypothesis that these innate effector cells are prime targets for helminths to exert their immunomodulatory effects. Here we show that soluble products of the porcine nematode Trichuris suis (TsSP) are potent in changing the phenotype and function of human monocytes by skewing classical monocytes into anti-inflammatory patrolling cells, which exhibit reduced trans-endothelial migration capacity in an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier. Mechanistically, we identified the mannose receptor as the TsSP-interacting monocyte receptor and we revealed that specific downstream signalling occurs via protein kinase C (PKC), and in particular PKCδ. This study provides comprehensive mechanistic insight into helminth-induced immunomodulation, which can be therapeutically exploited to combat various auto-immune disorders.

  12. Observation of ozone and aerosols in the Antarctic ozone hole of 1991 under the Polar Patrol Balloon (PPB) Project. Preliminary result

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hayashi, Masahiko; Murata, Isao; Iwasaka, Yasunobu; Kondo, Yutaka; Kanzawa, Hiroshi

    1994-01-01

    We present preliminary results for the PPB (Polar Patrol Balloon) experiment. The balloon was launched at 07:55 UT on 23 September and dropped at 21 UT on 28 September 1991. During the period, ozone and aerosol concentrations were measured correspondingly along the track. During the Lagrangian type observation, drastic change of ozone concentration in 'same air mass' and positive correlation between ozone concentration and sulfate aerosol amount were obtained at the level within 80-78 hPa. During the descent motion at 80 deg S active PSC's (type-1 and -2) were observed from 200 hPa to 80 hPa.

  13. Border Patrol: Insights into the Unique Role of Perlecan/Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycan2 at Cell and Tissue Borders

    PubMed Central

    Farach-Carson, Mary C.; Warren, Curtis R.; Harrington, Daniel A.; Carson, Daniel D.

    2013-01-01

    suggested, to that of a critical agent for establishing and patrolling tissue borders in complex tissues in metazoans. We also propose that understanding these unique functions of the individual portions of the perlecan molecule can provide new insights and tools for engineering of complex multi-layered tissues including providing the necessary cues for establishing neotissue borders. PMID:24001398

  14. Border patrol: insights into the unique role of perlecan/heparan sulfate proteoglycan 2 at cell and tissue borders.

    PubMed

    Farach-Carson, Mary C; Warren, Curtis R; Harrington, Daniel A; Carson, Daniel D

    2014-02-01

    suggested, to that of a critical agent for establishing and patrolling tissue borders in complex tissues in metazoans. We also propose that understanding these unique functions of the individual portions of the perlecan molecule can provide new insights and tools for engineering of complex multi-layered tissues including providing the necessary cues for establishing neotissue borders.

  15. Endothelial mitochondrial ROS, un-coupled from ATP synthesis, determine both physiological endothelial activation for recruitment of patrolling cells, and pathological recruitment of inflammatory cells

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xinyuan; Fang, Pu; Yang, William Y.; Chan, Kylie; Lavallee, Muriel; Xu, Keman; Gao, Tracy; Wang, Hong; Yang, Xiaofeng

    2016-01-01

    Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) are signaling molecules, which drive inflammatory cytokine production and T cell activation. In addition, cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and autoimmune diseases all share common feature of increased mtROS level. Both mtROS and ATP are produced as a result of electron transport chain activity, but it remains enigmatic whether mtROS could be generated independently from ATP synthesis. A recent study shed light to this important question and found that during endothelial cell (EC) activation, mtROS could be upregulated in a proton leak-coupled, but ATP synthesis-uncoupled manner. As a result, EC could upregulate mtROS production for physiological EC activation without compromising mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP generation, and consequently without causing mitochondrial damage and EC death. Thus, a novel pathophysiological role of proton leak in driving mtROS production was uncovered for low grade physiological EC activation, patrolling immunosurveillance cell trans-endothelial migration and other signaling events without compromising cellular survival. This new working model explains how mtROS could be increasingly generated independently from ATP synthesis and endothelial damage/death. Mapping the connections between mitochondrial metabolism, physiological EC activation, patrolling cell migration and pathological inflammation is significant towards the development of novel therapies for inflammatory diseases and cancers. PMID:27925481

  16. Mitochondrial ROS, uncoupled from ATP synthesis, determine endothelial activation for both physiological recruitment of patrolling cells and pathological recruitment of inflammatory cells.

    PubMed

    Li, Xinyuan; Fang, Pu; Yang, William Y; Chan, Kylie; Lavallee, Muriel; Xu, Keman; Gao, Tracy; Wang, Hong; Yang, Xiaofeng

    2017-03-01

    Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) are signaling molecules, which drive inflammatory cytokine production and T cell activation. In addition, cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and autoimmune diseases all share a common feature of increased mtROS level. Both mtROS and ATP are produced as a result of electron transport chain activity, but it remains enigmatic whether mtROS could be generated independently from ATP synthesis. A recent study shed light on this important question and found that, during endothelial cell (EC) activation, mtROS could be upregulated in a proton leak-coupled, but ATP synthesis-uncoupled manner. As a result, EC could upregulate mtROS production for physiological EC activation without compromising mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP generation, and consequently without causing mitochondrial damage and EC death. Thus, a novel pathophysiological role of proton leak in driving mtROS production was uncovered for low grade EC activation, patrolling immunosurveillance cell trans-endothelial migration and other signaling events without compromising cellular survival. This new working model explains how mtROS could be increasingly generated independently from ATP synthesis and endothelial damage or death. Mapping the connections among mitochondrial metabolism, physiological EC activation, patrolling cell migration, and pathological inflammation is significant towards the development of novel therapies for inflammatory diseases and cancers.

  17. Police Patrol Game Kit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Todd, Ed.

    A packet of game materials, designed to help young people better understand what the law is, what the police officer's duties are, and what pressures and fears the police officers experience daily, is presented. The game, designed for a group of 20 to 35 students, contains: Teacher's Manual, Attitude Survey Master, Observer Evaluation Master,…

  18. Arctic Patrol Vessel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    ice removal techniques require constant care to prevent dangerous situations from arising. A new technique for combating topside icing uses small ...load displacement of 6,482 long tons and a top speed of 20 knots. The ship is outfitted with towed array sonar, surface/air radar, and small ...APV is a Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull (SWATH) ship with a full load displacement of 6,482 long tons and a top speed of 20 knots. To accomplish

  19. Green Arctic Patrol Vessel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    IFF 25 m gun system, 12.7 mm Heavy Machine Gun Aircraft/Vehicles Carried Two Helicopters; one Lynx carried initially, NH90 from 2009 4 SOF RHIBs (12 m...light of this. 2.2.2 Combat Systems A 57 mm Mk3 naval gun and mounts for .50 caliber machine guns will provide close in weapon support for the...Speed Endurance Modular Systems and Capabilities UUV Bluefin 21 4.93 0.53 750 kg 4,500 m 25 hours Side scan sonar, multibeam

  20. Green Arctic Patrol Vessel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-01

    heat for the turbine cycle, linking the pair in a symbiotic relationship with a low environmental impact. The SOFC can “never be considered simply...468,000 517,000 725,000 0.0 6.6 10 ≥ 10-50 μm Ind/ml 500 2,300 480 0.2 0.2 10 E-coli bacteria Cfu/100 ml 3.4x106 3.2x106 5,300 0.3 10.0 250 Table

  1. The effect of police cruiser restraint cage configuration on shoulder discomfort, muscular demands, upper limb postures, and task performance during simulated police patrol.

    PubMed

    McKinnon, Colin D; Amy, Samantha A; Callaghan, Jack P; Dickerson, Clark R

    2014-11-01

    Advances in police-specific technology have led to changes in work layout and physical occupational demands of mobile police officers. This study investigated the influence of police cruiser compartment configuration on perceived discomfort, muscle activation, shoulder kinematics, and typing performance during simulated police patrol. Participants completed a one-hour session including simulated driving and 2-min typing trials in a standard compartment configuration with a fixed mobile data terminal (MDT) location (ST), and in a modified compartment configuration with an MDT in front of the user and a rearward translated seat (MOD). The MOD configuration resulted in reductions of 55-65% in perceived shoulder discomfort, up to 3.4% MVC in shoulder muscle demands, and more neutral humeral orientations (shoulder elevation reduced by 13-25°). These improvements associated with the MOD configuration may have ergonomic implications for future police car designs, particularly as new technology is introduced in the mobile environment and advanced solutions are sought.

  2. Study of a Variable Star Discovered with the 0.5-M F/1 Baker-nunn Patrol Camera of the RAO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lenhardt, Tyler; Williams, M.; Milone, E.; Langill, P.

    2006-06-01

    At the Rothney Astrophysical Observatory (RAO) of the University of Calgary, the Baker-Nunn Patrol Camera (BNPC) has discovered dozens of variable stars. Follow-up observations on RAOVS001-000107, a close binary system, were carried out using the 0.4-m telescope at the RAO. Whereas the BNPC is limited to a single passband ( RJ) the 0.4-m telescope provides observations in UBVRI passbands, fills in gaps in the BNPC light curve, and provides higher-resolution images. The measured light curve will be analyzed with a version of the Wilson-Devinney program (WD2006) developed by J. Kallrath and EM to attempt to determine as many of this stellar systems' fundamental properties. RAOVS001-000107 was discovered by MW, who developed the pipeline process to carry out image processing, identify variables, and produce preliminary light curves. The field of the camera is 19 square degrees.The BNPC was developed under a provincial research infrastructure improvement grant from the Alberta Science Research Authority to EM and A. Hildebrand, with major contributions from several partners and other agencies. The FLI CCD has been available by special arrangement with Peter Brown, UWO. This work has been funded in part with Canadian NSERC grants to EM and a federal SCPP grant, for which TL is appreciative.

  3. Orbit Determination of KOMPSAT-1 and Cryosat-2 Satellites Using Optical Wide-field Patrol Network (OWL-Net) Data with Batch Least Squares Filter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Eunji; Park, Sang-Young; Shin, Bumjoon; Cho, Sungki; Choi, Eun-Jung; Jo, Junghyun; Park, Jang-Hyun

    2017-03-01

    The optical wide-field patrol network (OWL-Net) is a Korean optical surveillance system that tracks and monitors domestic satellites. In this study, a batch least squares algorithm was developed for optical measurements and verified by Monte Carlo simulation and covariance analysis. Potential error sources of OWL-Net, such as noise, bias, and clock errors, were analyzed. There is a linear relation between the estimation accuracy and the noise level, and the accuracy significantly depends on the declination bias. In addition, the time-tagging error significantly degrades the observation accuracy, while the time-synchronization offset corresponds to the orbital motion. The Cartesian state vector and measurement bias were determined using the OWL-Net tracking data of the KOMPSAT-1 and Cryosat-2 satellites. The comparison with known orbital information based on two-line elements (TLE) and the consolidated prediction format (CPF) shows that the orbit determination accuracy is similar to that of TLE. Furthermore, the precision and accuracy of OWL-Net observation data were determined to be tens of arcsec and sub-degree level, respectively.

  4. Applying the LANL Statistical Pattern Recognition Paradigm for Structural Health Monitoring to Data from a Surface-Effect Fast Patrol Boat

    SciTech Connect

    Hoon Sohn; Charles Farrar; Norman Hunter; Keith Worden

    2001-01-01

    This report summarizes the analysis of fiber-optic strain gauge data obtained from a surface-effect fast patrol boat being studied by the staff at the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment (NDRE) in Norway and the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in Washington D.C. Data from two different structural conditions were provided to the staff at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The problem was then approached from a statistical pattern recognition paradigm. This paradigm can be described as a four-part process: (1) operational evaluation, (2) data acquisition & cleansing, (3) feature extraction and data reduction, and (4) statistical model development for feature discrimination. Given that the first two portions of this paradigm were mostly completed by the NDRE and NRL staff, this study focused on data normalization, feature extraction, and statistical modeling for feature discrimination. The feature extraction process began by looking at relatively simple statistics of the signals and progressed to using the residual errors from auto-regressive (AR) models fit to the measured data as the damage-sensitive features. Data normalization proved to be the most challenging portion of this investigation. A novel approach to data normalization, where the residual errors in the AR model are considered to be an unmeasured input and an auto-regressive model with exogenous inputs (ARX) is then fit to portions of the data exhibiting similar waveforms, was successfully applied to this problem. With this normalization procedure, a clear distinction between the two different structural conditions was obtained. A false-positive study was also run, and the procedure developed herein did not yield any false-positive indications of damage. Finally, the results must be qualified by the fact that this procedure has only been applied to very limited data samples. A more complete analysis of additional data taken under various operational and environmental conditions as well as other

  5. The role of a space patrol of solar X-ray radiation in the provisioning of the safety of orbital and interplanetary manned space flights

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avakyan, S. V.; Kovalenok, V. V.; Savinykh, V. P.; Ivanchenkov, A. S.; Voronin, N. A.; Trchounian, A.; Baranova, L. A.

    2015-04-01

    In interplanetary flight, after large solar flares, cosmonauts are subjected to the action of energetic solar protons and electrons. These energetic particles have an especially strong effect during extravehicular activity or (in the future) during residence on the surface of Mars, when they spend an extended time there. Such particles reach the orbits of the Earth and of Mars with a delay of several hours relative to solar X-rays and UV radiation. Therefore, there is always time to predict their appearance, in particular, by means of an X-ray-UV radiometer from the apparatus complex of the Space Solar Patrol (SSP) that is being developed by the co-authors of this paper. The paper discusses the far unexplored biophysical problem of manned flight to Mars, scheduled for the next decade. In long-term manned space flights on the orbital stations "Salyut" Soviet cosmonaut crews from three of the co-authors (cosmonauts V.V. Kovalenok, A.S. Ivanchenkov, and V.P. Savinykh) had repeatedly observed the effect of certain geophysical conditions on the psychological state of each crew. These effects coincide with the increased intensity of global illumination in the upper ionosphere space on flight altitudes (300-360 km). It is important that during all of these periods, most of the geomagnetic pulsations were completely absent. Possible ways to study the synergistic effects of the simultaneous absence of the geomagnetic field, the magnetic pulsations and the microwave radiation of the terrestrial ionosphere are considered for a flight to Mars.

  6. Maritime Patrol Airship Concept Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-11-16

    apply vernier speed ad-The new Aerospace/ Rockets Division completed tests justments and orient propellants in the fuel tanks.on a rocket engine which...and storing high energy fuels , Bell holds a unique position in the field of prepackaged liquid rocket propulsion. In these systems rocket thrusters and...synthetic fuel . Bell Aerospace engineers are applying rocket technology - injection and mixirg of fuels ; c.," ialysis and contiol of chemical reactions

  7. Maritime Patrol Airship Study (MPAS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-19

    loads are supported along and across the envelope by catenary curtains which are attached to hard points in the car by suspension cables. At gea level the...operating and maintenance costs, actual personnel cost, overhead and administrative costs, and depreciation costs 6 8 , calculated for each hour of use of...by 1.25 to account for overhead and administrative ex- penses. Using this approach, the following costs are obtained for the standard rate of the

  8. Cervical Spine Alignment in Helmeted Skiers and Snowboarders With Suspected Head and Neck Injuries: Comparison of Lateral C-spine Radiographs Before and After Helmet Removal and Implications for Ski Patrol Transport.

    PubMed

    Murray, Jared; Rust, David A

    2017-09-01

    Current protocols for spine immobilization of the injured skier/snowboarder have not been scientifically validated. Observing changes in spine alignment during common rescue scenarios will help strengthen recommendations for rescue guidelines. Twenty-eight healthy volunteers (18 men, 10 women) age 47±17 (range 20-73) (mean ±SD with range) underwent a mock rescue in which candidate patrollers completing an Outdoor Emergency Care course performed spine immobilization and back boarding in 3 scenarios: 1) Ski helmet on, no c-collar; 2) helmet on, with c-collar; and 3) helmet removed, with c-collar. After each scenario, a lateral radiograph was taken of the cervical spine to observe for changes in alignment. Compared with the control group (helmet on, no collar), we observed 9 degrees of increased overall (occiput-C7) cervical extension in the helmet on, with collar group (P < .001), and 17 degrees in the helmet off, with collar group (P < .001). There was increased extension at the occiput-C2 intersegment in the helmet on, with collar group (9 degrees, P < .001) and at both the occiput-C2 (9 degrees, P < .001) and C2-C7 (8 degrees, P < .001) intersegments in the helmet off, with collar group. Ski helmet removal and c-collar application each leads to increased extension of the cervical spine. In the absence of other clinical factors, our recommendation is that helmets should be left in place and c-collars not routinely applied during ski patrol rescue. Copyright © 2017 Wilderness Medical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Ingestion of marine debris by the White-chinned Petrel (Procellaria aequinoctialis): Is it increasing over time off southern Brazil?

    PubMed

    Petry, Maria V; Benemann, Victória R F

    2017-04-15

    Seabirds are amongst the most affected organisms by plastic pollution worldwide. Ingestion of marine debris has been reported in at least 122 species, and owing to the increasing global production and persistence of these anthropogenic materials within the marine environment, it is expected to be a growing problem to the marine fauna. Here we report evidence of an increasing frequency in marine debris ingestion and a decrease in the amount of plastic pellets ingested by White-chinned Petrels attending south Brazilian waters during the last three decades. Future studies comprising large temporal scales and large sample sizes are needed to better understand the trends of marine debris ingestion by seabirds. We expect our findings to highlight the need for prevention policies and mitigation measures to reduce the amount of solid litter in the oceans. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. The classical CD14⁺⁺ CD16⁻ monocytes, but not the patrolling CD14⁺ CD16⁺ monocytes, promote Th17 responses to Candida albicans.

    PubMed

    Smeekens, Sanne P; van de Veerdonk, Frank L; Joosten, Leo A B; Jacobs, Liesbeth; Jansen, Trees; Williams, David L; van der Meer, Jos W M; Kullberg, Bart Jan; Netea, Mihai G

    2011-10-01

    In the present study, we investigated the functional differences between cluster of differentiation (CD)14(++) CD16(-) and CD14(+) CD16(+) monocytes during anti-Candida host defense. CD14(++) CD16(-) are the "classical" monocytes and represent the majority of circulating monocytes in humans, while CD14(+) CD16(+) monocytes patrol the vasculature for maintenance of tissue integrity and repair. Both monocyte subsets inhibited the germination of live Candida albicans, and there was no difference in their capacity to phagocytose and kill Candida. Although production of IL-6 and IL-10 induced by C. albicans was found to be similar between monocyte subsets, IL-1β and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production was higher in CD14(++) CD16(-) compared with CD14(+) CD16(+) monocytes. In line with the increased production of IL-1β and PGE2, central mediators for inducing Th17 responses, CD14(++) CD16(-) monocytes induced greater Th17 responses upon stimulation with heat-killed C. albicans yeast. The percentage of cells that expressed mannose receptor (MR) was higher in the CD14(++) CD16(-) monocyte subset, and MR-specific stimulation induced higher Th17 responses only in co-cultures of CD14(++) CD16(-) monocytes and CD4 lymphocytes. In conclusion, both monocyte subsets have potent innate antifungal properties, but only CD14(++) CD16(-) monocytes are capable of inducing a potent Th17 response to C. albicans, an important component of antifungal host defense.

  11. Patrolling the Sky at Long Wavelengths

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, Gregory B.; Obenberger, K.; Hartman, J.; LWA Collaboration

    2013-01-01

    The first station of the Long Wavelength Array, “LWA1”, is located near the center of the Very Large Array in central New Mexico and has recently begun scientific operations as a stand-alone instrument with collecting area roughly equivalent to a 100m dish. The LWA1 images the sky in near-real-time using the “transient buffer - narrowband” (TBN) system which is operational with 258 dipoles, and a bandwidth of 70 kHz. This bandwidth can be placed at any frequency between 5 and 88 MHz. Near-real-time reduction of the data is accomplished by a dedicated cluster in the electronics shelter of the array. The LWA1 can also form up to 4 beams on the sky simultaneously with 16 MHz bandwidth in each of two tunings and full polarization which can provide higher senstivity for follow-up observations. Here we report on detection limits for prompt emission from approximately 30 Gamma-Ray Bursts at frequencies between 30 and 80 MHz. We also report on a number of bright transients of short duration that were detected in the course of searching the error-boxes of GRBs. Support for operations and continuing development of the LWA1 is provided by the National Science Foundation under grant AST-1139974 of the University Radio Observatory program.

  12. Border Patrol Pay Reform Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Chaffetz, Jason [R-UT-3

    2013-11-13

    House - 11/13/2013 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see S.1691, which became Public Law 113-277 on 12/18/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  13. Civil Air Patrol and Aerospace Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorenson, John V.

    1972-01-01

    Aerospace education is a branch of general education concerned with communicating knowledge, imparting skills, and developing attitudes necessary to interpret aerospace activities and the total impact of air and space vehicles upon society. (Author)

  14. You and the Civil Air Patrol.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    AMELIA EARHART AWARD - RUNNING TIME ONE MINUTE 30 SECONDS NARRATOR: Phase 111, or the Leadership Phase of the cadet program consists of four achievements...ACHIEVEMENTS -... WHEN COMPLETED MITCHELL AWARD/CADET FLIGHT OFFICEP --- LEADERSHIP - 4 ACHIEVEMENTS WHEN COMPLETED AMELIA EARHART AWARD/CADET CAPTAAN...expected to either plan, execute or assist in the execution of these requirements. Upon completion of Phase III, the cadet is awarded the Amelia

  15. Border Patrol Pay Reform Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Chaffetz, Jason [R-UT-3

    2013-11-13

    11/13/2013 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see S.1691, which became Public Law 113-277 on 12/18/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  16. Border Patrol Pay Reform Act of 2013

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Chaffetz, Jason [R-UT-3

    2013-11-13

    11/13/2013 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see S.1691, which became Public Law 113-277 on 12/18/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  17. Civil Air Patrol and Aerospace Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorenson, John V.

    1972-01-01

    Aerospace education is a branch of general education concerned with communicating knowledge, imparting skills, and developing attitudes necessary to interpret aerospace activities and the total impact of air and space vehicles upon society. (Author)

  18. Prototype air bag restraint for use in patrol vehicles

    SciTech Connect

    Marts, D.J.; Barker, S.G.

    1995-03-01

    An air bag has been designed and laboratory tested for use in existing police vehicles that will restrain a person if he or she becomes violent. The device will prevent self-injury and protect the vehicle and officer. The device does not pose a suffocation hazard and can be quickly and easily inflated or deflated by the officer from the front seat. The device is ready for field testing.

  19. A Program for Scheduling a Patrol Air Wing Training Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-01

    techniques can be 7 found in production scheduling. Production-oriented techniques have limited application beyond a production setting . General scheduling...time of two to three weeks. The NTPI lasts two working days. The squadron is inspected to ensure compliance with the regulations set forth by the...earmark(vp47,ewm,[15,oct,1985]). The Training Officer uses a similar flag when he initially sets up his scheduling chart by marking the latest date each

  20. 46 CFR 78.30-10 - Supervised patrol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... sleeping accommodations and machinery spaces and similar spaces where a regular watch is maintained. (c... placed over the securing screws in order to leave evidence of removal or tampering. (d) Clocks or...

  1. 46 CFR 78.30-10 - Supervised patrol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... sleeping accommodations and machinery spaces and similar spaces where a regular watch is maintained. (c... placed over the securing screws in order to leave evidence of removal or tampering. (d) Clocks or...

  2. 46 CFR 78.30-10 - Supervised patrol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... sleeping accommodations and machinery spaces and similar spaces where a regular watch is maintained. (c... placed over the securing screws in order to leave evidence of removal or tampering. (d) Clocks or...

  3. A "cohesive moral community" is already patrolling behavioral science.

    PubMed

    Ainslie, George

    2015-01-01

    Authors of non-liberal proposals experience more collegial objections than others do. These objections are often couched as criticism of determinism, reductionism, or methodological individualism, but from a scientific viewpoint such criticism could be easily answered. Underneath it is a wish to harness scientific belief in service of positive social values, at the cost of reducing objectivity.

  4. Armidale Class Patrol Boat: Torsionmeter Removal and Reinstallation Procedure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    Pack stator and associated tooling into pelican case, ready for transport/storage. 4.2 Rotor Guard Installation • Disassemble yellow rotor...Accessories To make the removal and reinstallation easier, it is recommended that the following accessories are also available: • Pelican case with

  5. Solar Patrol Polarization Telescopes at 45 and 90 GHz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valio, A.; Kaufmann, P.; Gimenez de Castro, C. G.; Raulin, J.-P.; Fernandes, L. O.; Marun, A.

    2012-12-01

    The spectra of solar flares provide important information about the physics involved in the flaring process. Presently, however, there is a large frequency gap at radio frequencies between 20 and 200 GHz. Unfortunately, this gap hinders the determination of important flare parameters such as: (i) the frequency of the peak of the spectra, or turnover frequency, which yields the magnetic field intensity in the flaring source and electron density; (ii) the optically thin frequency slope, that is related to the accelerated electrons with a power-law energy distribution, allowing information about the acceleration mechanism; (iii) and other physical parameters such as source size and inhomogeneities that may also be estimated from spectra with complete spectral coverage. Recently a new spectral component at high frequencies was discovered with fluxes increasing above 200 GHz, distinct from the traditional microwave component, with peak frequencies at about 10 GHz. To elucidate the nature of both components and fully characterize the spectra of solar flares, we analyze new observations at the intermediate frequencies obtained by two antennas with receivers at 45 and 90 GHz, capable of measuring circular polarization. The telescope, installed at CASLEO Observatory (Argentina), is described in detail. We also analyze the observations of the flares it has already detected, including their spectra especially when data at 212 and 405 GHz from the Solar Submillimeter Telescope (SST), located at the same site, is available.

  6. Civil Air Patrol Homeland Security Support Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Dent, Charles W. [R-PA-15

    2009-03-19

    03/24/2009 Referred to the Subcommittee on Emergency Communications, Preparedness, and Response. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. Physiological Stresses Related to Hypercapnia during Patrols on Submarines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-12-01

    Acid-base balance, CO., storage, and calcium homeostasis | I am trying to show that this delayed renal response in low level chronic hypercapnia is 1...constants of the bone C02 stores fit the observed length of cycles in acid-base balance. Correlation with cycles of calcium metabolism provides...and potassium decreased. Moreover, red cell calcium also increased under both conditions. The signifi- cance of these red cell electrolyte changes

  8. Hub and Spoke Logistics for Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    expeditionary power projection as being flexible, scalable, and responsive. This figure also displays the routine operations (RO) tree with branches as...either hubs or spokes. The depicted transition phase shows the crossover from RO to major combat operations (MCO). Within the MCO tree are...shuttle for each time step. Locations labeled with the “BG” suffix are customers, thus their available amounts of each commodity decrease after each

  9. Integrated Design of Semi-Displacement Patrol Crafts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-01

    deck may be reduced to the thickness given for forecastle and poop sides at the forward and after ends, respectively. 5.7 Forecastle and Poop Side...L + 30.8) + 0.006s mm t = 0.00045(L + 103.3) + 0.006s in. 5.7.2 Poop Side Plating The thickness, t, of the plating is to be not less than that

  10. 33 CFR 5.48 - Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ensign is authorized to be flown on all Auxiliary Operational Facility vessels under orders. The penalty for the unauthorized flying of any ensign, flag or pennant of the Auxiliary is set forth in § 5.67...

  11. 33 CFR 5.48 - Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ensign is authorized to be flown on all Auxiliary Operational Facility vessels under orders. The penalty for the unauthorized flying of any ensign, flag or pennant of the Auxiliary is set forth in § 5.67...

  12. 33 CFR 5.48 - Auxiliary Patrol Boat ensign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ensign is authorized to be flown on all Auxiliary Operational Facility vessels under orders. The penalty for the unauthorized flying of any ensign, flag or pennant of the Auxiliary is set forth in § 5.67...

  13. 49 CFR 192.721 - Distribution systems: Patrolling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... NATURAL AND OTHER GAS BY PIPELINE: MINIMUM FEDERAL SAFETY STANDARDS Maintenance § 192.721 Distribution... conditions which could cause failure or leakage, and the consequent hazards to public safety. (b) Mains in...

  14. Comparing Military Retirement to the California Highway Patrol Pension Plan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    early retirement list were granted their request based upon seniority (USD(P&R), 2011). 2. 1900–1937 Overpopulation of the Navy’s senior officer ranks...retirement authority across all branches of service (USD(P&R), 2011). After World War II, the Navy faced the same overpopulation of the officer ranks

  15. Arctic Ship Design Impacts: Green Arctic Patrol Vessel (GAPV) Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    The USN and USCG have recently published Arctic operational strategies to reflect requirements for a US maritime surface and air presence in the...against threats and survey the Arctic environment during self-sustained extended deployments. Condition Extreme Level Air Temperature -40 ° C Ice...Communications Antennae System ASW: UUVs, towed array Air Complement 2 x MH-60R Helicopters 3 x MQ-8B Fire Scout VTUAVs Small Craft Complement

  16. Twin-Rotor Patrol Airship Flying Model Design Rationale

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    MONITORING AGENCY NAME & ’ADORES(f d•llffewent from Contriollin# Ofifer) IS, SECURITY CL.ASS. (at this ve .0d6 ) Unclassified TDiCL.A-SsIPrlCA1ION...experimental data on the controllability of tilt-rotor airships operating near neutral buoyancy, a 32-foot long 1/10 scale flying model is bein...foot long 1/10 scale flying model is being developed using two cuntrarotating tilt-rotors representing those on the NASA/Bell XV-15 research aircraft

  17. Civil Air Patrol Homeland Security Support Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Dent, Charles W. [R-PA-15

    2009-03-19

    03/24/2009 Referred to the Subcommittee on Emergency Communications, Preparedness, and Response. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  18. Employment of Personnel at the Tucson Border Patrol Station

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-06-09

    good reason for the reduction of teams. With an eight to twelve-person team, “a two- pizza rule,”83 there’s more trust vs. larger teams, where distrust...Bezo’s theory that a team fed with two pizzas is the right size. 84 Ibid. 85 Ibid. 86 Ibid. 25 influences, affect the team’s performance.87 The

  19. Beyond Fashion Patrol: School Uniforms in the Middle Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kommer, David

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the benefits of school uniforms in fulfilling the educational objectives of middle school reform. Considers the role of uniforms in establishing student affiliation with the school and in adolescent development. Describes the development of a uniform program and notes issues of cost and legality. (JPB)

  20. Optimal Patrol to Detect Attacks at Dispersed Heterogeneous Locations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Assistant Professor of Professor of Systems Engineering Applied Mathematics Javier P. Salmeron Associate Professor of Operations Research Approved by...partitions of a set N , where |N | = n, into k non-empty blocks is denoted by the Stirling numbers of the second kind. These values are expressed as S(n, k...A formula for computing Stirling numbers of the second kind is (Bóna 2011) S(n, k) = 1 k! k∑ i=0 (−1)i ( k i ) (k − i)n. Consider as an example the

  1. Civil Air Patrol Homeland Security Support Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Dent, Charles W. [R-PA-15

    2009-03-19

    House - 03/24/2009 Referred to the Subcommittee on Emergency Communications, Preparedness, and Response. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  2. High Seas Buffer: The Taiwan Patrol Force, 1950-1979

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-01

    and sea throughout the Taiwan Strait region to make sure that any PLA- organized concentra- tion of junks would be discovered early on. Once the PRC...NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval War College...Center for Naval Warfare Studies,686 Cushing Road,Newport,RI,02841 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND

  3. Complement and IL-22: partnering up for border patrol.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Hidekazu; Kemper, Claudia

    2014-10-16

    Intestinal pathobionts that escape into the periphery can cause serious morbidity and death. In this issue of Immunity, Hasegawa et al. (2014) show that the host's protective measures against such events include interleukin-22-driven systemic elimination of pathobionts via complement regulation.

  4. Securing the Borders: Creation of the Border Patrol Auxiliary

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-05

    leaders claim to have tipped agents to thousands of apprehensions, many agents feel the volunteers are more of a hindrance than a help due to poor...parallel the agent force, each sector and station would have an auxiliary leader to manage recruiting, training, equipping and scheduling for the local...should be developed to stress three key program characteristics: 1. Each tier-two member is a fully trained federal law enforcement officer 2

  5. The Universidad Complutense of Madrid meteor and fireball patrol station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zamorano, J.; Gallego, J.; Ocaña, F.; Sanchez de Miguel, A.; Izquierdo, J.; Manjavacas, E.; Ponce, R.; Garcia, L.; Saez, G.; Ramirez, P.

    2011-11-01

    The Universidad Complutense of Madrid (UCM) has recently installed a high sensitivity video system to detect meteors. It is intended to study the entry in our atmosphere of interplanetary particles of mass greater than a gram. The station, not fully equipped yet, is a node of the national Spanish Fireball Network (SPMN) and includes cameras located at the Astronomical Observatory (Physics building) and others distributed around. The system has been automated to detect and record meteors only when the atmospheric conditions are good enough. Undergraduate and graduate physics students have collaborated to develop, install and test the system. Detections which are bright enough to drop a meteorite are analyzed using double station observations with the cameras of the SPMN nodes around Spain to determine their atmospheric paths, origin and landing area.

  6. 46 CFR 78.30-10 - Supervised patrol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... spaces required by paragraph (b) of this section. The number and location of recording stations, the... shall apply to all vessels on an international voyage, and to all other vessels having berthed or... sleeping accommodations and machinery spaces and similar spaces where a regular watch is maintained. (c...

  7. 46 CFR 78.30-10 - Supervised patrol.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... spaces required by paragraph (b) of this section. The number and location of recording stations, the... shall apply to all vessels on an international voyage, and to all other vessels having berthed or... sleeping accommodations and machinery spaces and similar spaces where a regular watch is maintained. (c...

  8. Border Security: The Role of the U.S. Border Patrol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-10

    ADDRESS(ES) David D. Acker Library and Knowledge Repository Defense Acquisition University Fort Belvoir, VA 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9 ...immigration in order to detect, deter, and apprehend aliens attempting to cross the border between official points of entry. Post 9 /11, the USBP...Successful Illegal Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Multiple Correlations

  9. Calm Water Resistance of a 1:25 Scale Model of the Armidale Class Patrol Boat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-01

    2768 ABSTRACT DSTO has recently joined the International collaborative consortium FAST3.JIP with the aim to develop a numerical capability for the...TR- 2768 Contents ACRONYMS 1. INTRODUCTION...27 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED DSTO-TR- 2768

  10. Report of the International Ice Patrol in the North Atlantic. 1987 Season Bulletin Number 73

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    Oil Industry 9 35 24 8 4 80 4.2 Lighthouse/Shore 0 0 1 0 0 1 0.1 DOD Sources 0 14 53 34 0 101 5.3 Other 0 4 1 0 3 8 0.4 Total 139 628 606 223 313 1909...GORTHON SWEDEN 3 AFRICAN EVERGREEN LIBERIA 1 AFRICAN GARDENIA LIBERIA 10 AGIATHALASSINI PANAMA 1 2 AIFANOURIOS LIBERIA 17 AKRANES ICELAND 1 ALBERRY SAUDI...fronts over the period of one, CTD station spacing was 18 The drifts of satellite-tracked the SLAR surveys Is essential km (10 nm) and XBT casts were

  11. A preliminary design proposal for a maritime patrol strike aircraft: MPS-2000 Condor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The four member graduate design team assembled to submit a proposal for the 1993/1994 RFP at the University of Kansas has designed a four seat, variable swept wing, twin turbofan aircraft with STOL capabilities. The aircraft is named the MPS-2000 Condor and is capable of carrying air-to-surface or air-to-air weapon systems along with attack and surveillance radar and IRF systems. The aircraft has a cruise range of 800 nautical miles, a loiter of 4 hours, and a dash speed of 500 kts.

  12. Intelligence-Driven Border Security: A Promethean View of U.S. Border Patrol Intelligence Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    USBPINTEL-19 USBP has a very limited ability to exploit crime scene evidence ( fingerprints , fiber analysis, DNA , etc.) 15- USBPINTEL-20 BPAs have a...USBP has a very limited ability to exploit crime scene evidence ( fingerprints , fiber analysis, DNA , etc.) Processing & Exploitation USBP has a

  13. Education Requirements of Command Positions in the U.S. Border Patrol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    50 David L. Carter, Allen D. Sapp , and Darrel W. Stephens, “Higher Education as a Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (BFQQ) for Police: A... Sapp . “Effect of Higher Education on Police Liability: Implications for Police Personnel Policy.” American Journal of Police 8 (1989): 153–166...support for insularity. Kappaler, V. E., Allen D. Sapp , and David L. Carter. “Police Officer Higher Education, Citizen Complaints, and Departmental

  14. A Seakeeping Performance and Affordability Tradeoff Study for the Coast Guard Offshore Patrol Cutter

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    form was chosen, a method for creating variations that exhibit the desired characteristics was developed and nine unique hulls were produced to cover... hull as the parent hull form . The next step in creating the hull variants was to develop a method for systematically varying hulls to encompass...on seakeeping and a method for creating different unique hulls was developed . The factors were chosen from design ratios because they are solution

  15. Operation Noble Eagle and the Use of Combat Air Patrols for Homeland Defense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    aviation security , together with the absence of terrorist attacks on the homeland and of no actionable intelligence indicating an imminent air threat in America. The following sub-areas were researched to help evaluate and recommend changes to the current ONE CAP policy: the history of air defense in America; U.S. air defense mistakes on 9/11 and the evolution of ONE; improvements in the intelligence community and aviation security since 9/11; specific threats to aviation and the risk of another 9/11-style attack in the United States; and the cost and

  16. Environmental Support to Amphibious Craft, Patrol Boats, and Coastal Ships: An Annotated Bibliography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-05

    Marshall D. and Eileen P. Kennelly, 1995. Water Mobility Environmental Support for the Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle ( AAAV ), Vol. 1: Surf...G., Marshall D. Earle, Dennis C. Herringshaw, Shane M. Mayfield, and C. Reid Nichols. METOC Conditions affecting AAAV Ship-To-Objective Maneuver: A...C. Reid, Marshall D. Earle, Jack G. McDermid, and Kim A. Kohler. Key Issues in Environmental Support to the Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle ( AAAV

  17. U.S. Coast Guard Patrol Boat (WPB) Planning Hull Feasibility Study.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    F Galley 1050 F 500 F M.Iain Machinery 4U F Dusign Temperature Cooling Heating Sea Water 850 F 280 F Otitside Air 900 F db, 810 F wb 100 F The...of air instead of water . This allows for a soaller tank tin that required for water flush systems. Sanitation drainage piping and ar idditional...holding tank would be necessary for the waste water generated ,ri rnj lathing, cooking, etc. Potable Water System The potable water system will consist of a

  18. U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Procurement Lessons Impacts on the Offshore Patrol Cutter Program Affordability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    for the later design team to most effectively complete the functional allocation to design specifications” (p. 54). The technical authority validates...to berth and support the additional personnel. This trade-off has the smallest impact on overall cost. Table 7. Personnel Trade-Off # of

  19. Conceptual Design of a Stand-Off Weapon for Maritime Patrol Aircraft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-01

    Exported Soviet Arms in Dollars [Ref. 6:p. 22] DOLLARS RECEIVED COUNTRY 5 TO 10 BILLION CUBA LIBYA SYRIA IRAQ 1 TO 5 BILLION ALGERIA IRAN 100 MILLION TO 1...FOXTROT IRAN 5 TOT 13 TOT 0 90% SAAM 90% COMBATTANTE SYRIA 2 TOT 27 TOT 0 100% PETYA 44% OSA ALGERIA 3 TOT 12 TOT 2 TOT 100% KONI 92% OSA 100% ROMEO...seeker’s sensitivity independent of detector material or receiver bandwidth [Ref. 27]. If a Mercury-Cadmium-Telluride photovoltaic detector [Ref. 27:p. 2.67

  20. Decision Processes in Simulation-Based Training for ISAF Vehicle Patrols

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-01

    ADA564696. Human Modelling for Military Application (Applications militaires de la modelisation humaine). RTO-MP-HFM-202 14. ABSTRACT Gaining...Simulation Training supporting Military Operational Processes, PhD Thesis , School of Computing, Blekinge Institute of Technology (BTH), Sweden

  1. 78 FR 21610 - Expansion Funds for the Support of the Senior Medicare Patrol (SMP) Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Community Living Expansion Funds for the Support of the Senior... Administration for Community Living is announcing the availability of expansion funds for the support of the..., train, and support the SMP volunteer network. In addition, this funding opportunity will increase...

  2. Effect of 18-h Watch Schedules on Circadian Cycles of Physiological Functions during Submarine Patrols

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-10-01

    la degradation des cycles circadiens sous ces conditions. La duree moyenne du sommeil est diminue vers la fin du service. cycles circadiens service...en sous-marin horaire de 18 heures sommeil REFERENCES Andrezsyuk, H. I. 1968. Effects of different work and rest routines on subjects kept in

  3. Report of the International Ice Patrol Services in the North Atlantic Ocean, Season of 1982.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-02-28

    Japan ............................... 2 K ara ................................ F inland ............................. 10 Karina...Liberia...................................... 2 Nobilis ........................... Panama............... 6 Nordhelm

  4. Planet Patrol. An Environmental Unit on Solid Waste Solutions for Grades 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Procter and Gamble Educational Services, Cincinnati, OH.

    This classroom unit was developed for use in grades 4-6 to help teach the concept of solid waste management. The teacher's guide provides an overview of the issue of solid waste disposal, a description of government, industry, and consumer roles in resolving the solid waste issue, and four lessons involving sanitary landfills, the reduction of…

  5. 46 CFR 95.05-1 - Fire detecting, manual alarm, and supervised patrol systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... provided a smoke detecting or other suitable type fire detecting system. (c) Enclosed spaces which are “specially suitable for vehicles” shall be fitted with an approved fire or smoke detecting system....

  6. U.S. Coast Guard Patrol Boat (WPB) Hydrofoil Feasibility Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    hydrofoil at a full load weight of 137 L.tons satisfies the 5-day DSCG aission requireaent at a 30-knot foilbome cruise speed and a 12 knot...provide hydrofoil design inforaation idiich satisfies the require­ aents stated by the USCG in the MIPk. The DSCG sponsor is LCOR Peter Boyd. a- ^ if ■ f

  7. Remote and automatic small-scale observatories: experience with an all-sky fireball patrol camera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bettonvil, Felix C. M.

    2014-07-01

    This paper describes the design of a remote, automatic all-sky camera for capturing bright meteor trails based on a DSLR camera combined with Liquid Crystal shutter technology for angular velocity measurement. Design, performance and first results are discussed, as well the up scaling towards a large autonomous network for accurate fireball orbit determination and meteorite recovery.

  8. Report of the International Ice Patrol in the North Atlantic. Bulletin Number 77

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    GERMANY 1 EAL RUBY LIBERIA 5 EDWARD CORNWALLIS CANADA 2 EL PIONERO COLUMBIA 1 ELBE ORE LIBERIA 1 ELIKON BAHAMAS 1 ELISABETH CYPRUS 2 2 ELSAM JYLLAND...2 KAMTIN UNITED KINGDOM 5 8 KAPETAN ANDREAS G CYPRUS 1 1 KASABA BRIDGE CYPRUS 1 KATSURAGI MARU JAPAN 4 KEEWATIN CANADA 1 KEIFU MARU JAPAN 1

  9. Border patrol: regulation of immunity, inflammation and tissue homeostasis at barrier surfaces by IL-22.

    PubMed

    Sonnenberg, Gregory F; Fouser, Lynette A; Artis, David

    2011-05-01

    The maintenance of barrier function at exposed surfaces of the mammalian body is essential for limiting exposure to environmental stimuli, preventing systemic dissemination of commensal and pathogenic microbes and retaining normal homeostasis of the entire body. Indeed, dysregulated barrier function is associated with many infectious and inflammatory diseases, including psoriasis, influenza, inflammatory bowel disease and human immunodeficiency virus, which collectively afflict millions of people worldwide. Studies have shown that interleukin 22 (IL-22) is expressed at barrier surfaces and that its expression is dysregulated in certain human diseases, which suggests a critical role in the maintenance of normal barrier homeostasis. Consistent with that, studies of mouse model systems have identified a critical role for signaling by IL-22 through its receptor (IL-22R) in the promotion of antimicrobial immunity, inflammation and tissue repair at barrier surfaces. In this review we will discuss how the expression of IL-22 and IL-22R is regulated, the functions of the IL-22-IL-22R pathway in regulating immunity, inflammation and tissue homeostasis, and the therapeutic potential of targeting this pathway in human disease.

  10. Analysis of Health Data from Ten Years of Polaris Submarine Patrols

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-01-01

    respiratory Acute bronchitis Pneumothorax^ Pleurisy -^^0 Pleurcdynia §£;■ Asthma ^’^S- Asthmatic: bronchi? Lung infiltrates Total CT...52 281 28 105 80 386 Upper respiratory infection 30 67 13 20 43 87 Acute bronchitis 26 73 10 34 36 107 Pneumothorax 7 39 4 30 11 69 Pleurisy 3 12

  11. Ship Response Capability Models for Counter-Piracy Patrols in the Gulf of Aden

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    exhibit one of six possible readiness states that can fit into one of four categories 8: (a) All helicopters at high alert level ( HHH ) (b) Two...Coordinated 30 min Uncoordinated 30 min Coordinated Figure 16: Effect of helicopter readiness on response capabilities. configurations HHH , HHL and HLH

  12. Unmanned ground vehicles and EO-IR sensors for border patrol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bell, Robert A.

    2007-04-01

    Unmanned ground vehicle technology with integrated EO-IR Sensors and payloads play a key role in border surveillance and security. In recent years, unmanned ground vehicle such as iRobot's PackBot have been a critical tool in providing situational awareness to combat terrorist operations around the world. There is increased recognition of the importance of unmanned ground vehicles with sensor suites as a force multiplication for the infantry and special forces units in future combat or reconnaissance missions and perimeter and border security and first responders. They function as the "eyes, ears, and hands" of the unit and can be remotely deployed without placing the observer's unit in harm's way in risky environments. Evolving unmanned ground vehicle technology produces significantly lighter, more maneuverable, greater endurance UGVs with improved EO, IR and other sensors for reconnaissance, surveillance and situational awareness. They dramatically reduce the risk for soldiers in MOUT operations, relay evidence of booby traps, hidden enemy, and other dangers in caves, tunnels, buildings, vehicles and other areas where the soldier(s) may be at risk. They have expanded mobility in debris fields, stairs, and rugged terrain with IR and visible video and audio links. New sensor technology enables new tactics to be developed and tethers allow secure operation. These UGVs are extremely rugged withstanding the harshest military use. They have high reliability as demonstrated in operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. They are easy to operate with a short set-up time and battery change out time of less than one minute.

  13. Guidelines for Patrol Personnel. Criminal Justice Research. Prevention and Control of Collective Violence, Volume V.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callahan, W. Thomas; Knoblauch, Richard L.

    The objective of this study is to provide local law enforcement agencies with guidelines for the collection and dissemination of elements of information required for sound decision making in response to the threat or actual initiation of collective violence. Informal, semi-structured interviews in fourteen selected cities and six State police…

  14. Guidelines for the Patrol Commander. Criminal Justice Research. Prevention and Control of Collective Violence, Volume IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callahan, W. Thomas; Knoblauch, Richard L.

    The objective of this study is to provide local law enforcement agencies with guidelines for the collection and dissemination of elements of information required for sound decision making in response to the threat or actual initiation of collective violence. Informal, semi-structured interviews in fourteen selected cities and six State police…

  15. Border Security: The Role of the U.S. Border Patrol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-30

    consular officers.49 The program ran through September 2004 and was estimated to cost $13 million, which covered airfare to Mexico City or Guadalajara and...bus transport from there to the aliens’ hometowns. 50 The first repatriation flight landed on July 12, 2004, in Guadalajara and had 138 migrants on

  16. Border Security: The Role of the U.S. Border Patrol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-03

    covered airfare to Mexico City or Guadalajara and bus transport from there to the aliens’ hometowns. 49 The first repatriation flight landed on July 12...2004, in Guadalajara and had 138 migrants on board.50 The program was renewed each year from FY2004 through FY2009, U.S. and Mexican officials have

  17. Border Security: The Role of the U.S. Border Patrol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-11-20

    estimated to cost $13 million, which covered airfare to Mexico City or Guadalajara and bus transport from there to the aliens’ hometowns. 45 The...first repatriation flight landed on July 12, 2004, in Guadalajara and had 138 migrants on board.46 The program has been renewed each year for the past

  18. Border Security: The Role of the U.S. Border Patrol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-11

    million, which covered airfare to Mexico City or Guadalajara and bus transport from there to the aliens’ hometowns. 51 The first repatriation flight...landed on July 12, 2004, in Guadalajara and had 138 migrants on board.52 The program was renewed each year from FY2004 through FY2009, U.S. and Mexican

  19. Does the Fast Patrol Boat Have a Future in the Navy?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    sufficient to sustain its force structure was in Fiscal Year 1992 ( Towell 2002, 540). Even in the Bush administration’s dramatically increased Fiscal Year...National Defense University Press. Freedberg, Sydney J. 2001. Under Rumsfield, the navy is well, at sea. National Journal, 14 July, 1. Gandis, Terry J...2001b. U.S. Navy’s new vision to stress homeland security, plan overhauls 1995 guidance. Defense News, 3 December, 3. Towell , Pat. 2002

  20. Report of the International Ice Patrol in the North Atlantic. 1989 Season Bulletin Number 75

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    broadcasts to warn mariners of the limits of all known ice. Vice Admiral J. C. Irwin was Commander, Atlantic Area until March 31, 1989, and Vice Admiral H...B. Thorsen was Commander, Atlantic Area, from March 31, 1989, to the end of the 1989 ice year. CDR S. R. Osmer was Commander, International Ice...Canada’s iceberg flights and cur- and Anderson (1985) describe the opened on 1 March . From this date tailment of offshore oil industry op- lIP drift model

  1. Report of the International Ice Patrol Service in the North Atlantic Ocean, Season of 1980.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-03-18

    OON Labrador. Temperatures were slightly below nor- and up to 100 miles offshore of the Avalon Penin- mal for Newfoundland and Labrador during sula...higher than nor- 48-OON during April, with 21 bergs and growlers to mal (figure (35)), with a prevailing southwesterly the north of the Grand Banks...Prince Ed- mal for the region during August, while precipita- ward Island. Nine bergs were reported south of tion was near normal. Occasional berg

  2. The Mobilization of Effort: Sergeants, Patrol Officers, and Productivity in an American Agency.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-02-01

    the precinct captain complaining about the sergeant’s notorious "mandatory car stop" policies. After the sergeant’s words about "those fucking fools...internal investigations by 16 telling IID to "not go after my men" or to " fuck off" have a formidable ally and guardian. Of course, the price officers...sector covering a small, almost rural, lightly populated region where it was thought only the " fuck -ups were assigned -- an assignment from which it

  3. Report of the International Ice Patrol in the North Atlantic. 1986 Season Bulletin Number 72

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    from the of the island rather than over it. pack ice. Labrador (Goose Bay ) was at or above normal tempera- June: A more southerly flow over ture and...with precipitation below normal in July: Labrador and Newfound- Goose Bay and Gander and land were cut off from their normal above normal in St. John’s...received moist marine flow bringing above normal precipita- from the Gulf of St. Lawrence tion, while Labrador had a west- while Gander and Goose Bay

  4. 77 FR 58837 - CarePatrol, Inc.; Analysis of Proposed Consent Order To Aid Public Comment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... that your comment does not include any sensitive personal information, like anyone's Social Security... representations that it or its franchisees provide placement services through a network of officers, agents...

  5. Analysis as border patrol: chemists along the boundary between pure food and real adulteration.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Benjamin R

    2011-06-01

    A disputed butter competition in Pennsylvania in 1895 brought the cultural, environmental, and scientific character of the Era of Adulteration to the fore. The incident put a spotlight on the confusing character of adulteration and the increasingly prominent role of chemical analysts in arbitrating that confusion. This article uses the case to explore the role scientific analysts played on the border between pure food products and adulterated ones, arguing that the scientists fighting adulteration gained credibility within a cultural environment where trust and confidence were problematic and an agricultural environment where spatial connections between producers and consumers were difficult to see. They were not just detectors of chemical impurities, but participants in a vital cultural arbitration. Characterizing them for their cultural role helps demonstrate that their practices and identity were (and remain) relevant for more than just detection and eradication, then and in the future.

  6. The Politics of Legislative Evaluations: Fire-Alarm and Police Patrol as Oversight Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wohlstetter, Priscilla

    1990-01-01

    Means by which state legislatures practice evaluation are examined by analyzing oversight strategies for monitoring recent educational reforms in Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania. Focus is on the inextricable link between politics and oversight; the oversight strategy and methods for policy evaluation are largely…

  7. Identifying Aircraft and Personnel Needs to Meet On-station Patrol Requirements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-17

    result, the nature of the problem is closer to that of personnel scheduling, specifically nurse scheduling (Bertsimas and Tsitsiklis 1997; Ferrand et al...schedule for an aircraft fleet by staggering several single aircraft schedules, as in the nurse scheduling problem (Bertsimas and Tsitsiklis 1997; Ferrand...main eability model tful results for ences ertsimas D and assachusetts. urke, E., De C Nurse Roster P17 ity of maintain a repeating 2 e

  8. A Descriptive Study of the Problem-Solving Styles of Traditional Patrol and Neighborhood Police Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzjarrell, Shauna L.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research has indicated that when individuals recognize and gain understanding of their own problem-solving style preferences, personal learning and group performance can be enhanced (Treffinger, Selby, Isaksen, & Crumel, 2007, "An Introduction to Problem-Solving Style"). Further, adult learning theory suggests adults prefer a…

  9. Ship Motion Measurements made on an Attack Class Patrol Boat (HMAS BOMBARD)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-11-01

    acceleration and waveheight. An analytical method of obtaining the spectrum of the rate of change of a function given its spectrum is derived. This resulting...transformation is used to obtain the spectrum of the rate of change of vertical acceleration which is an important quantity in seakeeping and motion

  10. Analyzing the Surface Warfare Operational Effectiveness of an Offshore Patrol Vessel using Agent Based Modeling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    Plot ................................................................45 Figure 17. OSN Model Partition Tree Plot (1st Split ...Model Partition Tree Plot (2nd Split ) .......................................................48 Figure 20. OSN Model Actual by Predicted Plot (Gun...Absent & SSM 1 Equipped) ......49 Figure 21. OSN Model Partition Tree Plot ( Splits 1- 4) ...................................................50 Figure 22

  11. Planet Patrol. An Educational Unit on Solid Waste Solutions for Grades 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shively, Patti J.; And Others

    This educational unit on solid waste solutions is intended to convey to students an understanding of the four methods of solid waste handling, in priority order, as recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency: (1) reduction in the volume of waste produced; (2) recycling and composting; (3) waste combustion, i.e., incineration of waste; and…

  12. Comparison of Experimental and Computational Ship Air Wakes for YP Class Patrol Craft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Chesapeake Bay , which allows for the collection of data over a wide range of wind conditions. Additionally, a scale model of the modified YP has...on the modified YP is being conducted in the Chesapeake Bay , which allows for the collection of data over a wide range of wind conditions...As of the submission of this paper, 14 underway test periods in the Chesapeake Bay have been completed. Additionally, midshipmen interns have

  13. Planet Patrol. An Educational Unit on Solid Waste Solutions for Grades 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shively, Patti J.; And Others

    This educational unit on solid waste solutions is intended to convey to students an understanding of the four methods of solid waste handling, in priority order, as recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency: (1) reduction in the volume of waste produced; (2) recycling and composting; (3) waste combustion, i.e., incineration of waste; and…

  14. The Infiltration of Patrols by Means of Ram-Air Parachutes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-06-10

    and difficult. He must first volunteer for this trairnng and then successfully complete a difficult physical fitness test before being accepted into...higher forward speed and Increased glide capability than the standard military parachute have provided the technology for testing this stand-off theory...essentially opened the door for more testing and improvements. However, the Para-Foil and other early high glide parachutes possessed some disadvantages when

  15. Simulation of a dead reckoning embedded system security patrol robot for deployment inside structures and buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tickle, Andrew J.; Meng, Yan; Smith, Jeremy S.

    2010-10-01

    Dead Reckoning (DR) is the process of estimating a robot's current position based upon a previously determined position, and advancing that position based upon known speed and direction over time. It is therefore a simple way for an autonomous mobile robot to navigation within a known environment such as a building where measurements have been taken and a predetermined route planned based upon which doors (or areas) the robot would have enough force to enter. Discussed here is the design of a DR navigation system in Altera's DSP Builder graphical design process. The wheel circumference to the step size of stepper motor used to drive the robot are related and so this ratio can be easily changed to easily accommodate changes to the physical design of a robot with minimal changes to the software. The robot calculates its position in relation to the DR map by means of the number of revolutions of the wheels via odometry, in this situation there is no assumed wheel slippage that would induce an accumulative error in the system overtime. The navigation works by using a series of counters, each corresponding to a measurement taken from the environment, and are controlled by a master counter to trigger the correct counter at the appropriate time given the position of robot in the DR map. Each counter has extra safeguards built into them on their enables and outputs to ensure they only count at the correct time and to avoid clashes within the system. The accuracy of the navigation is discussed after the virtual route is plotted in MATLAB as a visual record in addition to how feedback loops, identification of known objects (such as fire safety doors that it would navigate through), and visual object avoidance could later be added to augment the system. The advantages of such a system are that it has the potential to upload different DR maps so that the end robot for can be used in new environments easily.

  16. Sustainable Group Sizes for Multi-Agent Search-and-Patrol Teams

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 (a) JCT ISR EAD (b) Fig. 1. In (a), the pride structure is shown; males (triangles...application of our work is determining the sustainable sizes for the US Navy suppression of enemy Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188...combat teams (labeled JCT ) provide security for surveillance teams (labeled ISR) that are searching for vehicles (labeled EAD). air defenses (SEAD

  17. A Descriptive Study of the Problem-Solving Styles of Traditional Patrol and Neighborhood Police Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzjarrell, Shauna L.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research has indicated that when individuals recognize and gain understanding of their own problem-solving style preferences, personal learning and group performance can be enhanced (Treffinger, Selby, Isaksen, & Crumel, 2007, "An Introduction to Problem-Solving Style"). Further, adult learning theory suggests adults prefer a…

  18. A Meta-Analysis Of Corrosion Studies for Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft (MPRA)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    corrosion treatment and prevention is detrimental in the consumption of manpower and resources, is a high readiness degrader, and diverts funding that...could be used for future programs. Corrosion treatment and prevention processes of the past may not be environmentally acceptable today. This study...man-hour reduction studies are needed to optimize a balance between corrosion prevention and treatment cost and man-hours. One recommendation is to

  19. Military Counterdrug Patrols Along the Southwest Border: A Bridge too Far.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    44. Ibid, 11-19. 45. Ibid, 30-31. 46. Lujan , Thomas R. the Army," Parameters 47. Sanchez, Peter M., "The ’Drug War’: The U.S. Military and...Mission: The Drug War," The Washington Post, 29 November 1996, sec PA30. 56. Lujan , 83. 57. The Office of the National Drug Control Policy, General...Fineman, Mark and Craig Pyes. "Drug Smugglers Winning War on Rio Grande." Arizona Republic, 14 July 1996: 9. Garcia , James E. "Mexico Drug

  20. Sleep and Modeled Performance of Arctic Patrollers during Operation Nunalivut 2010

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    Approved by Stephen Boyne Head, Individual Behaviour and Performance Section Approved for release by Dr. Stergios Stergiopoulos Acting...scientist with the US Army, is employed by SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation) and Johns Hopkins University and is currently under...show rank, e.g. Maj. John E. Doe.) Michel A. Paul; Fethi Bouak 5. DATE OF PUBLICATION (Month and year of publication of document.) September 2011 6a

  1. An Assessment of Some Watch Schedule Variants Used in Cdn Patrol Frigates: OP Nanook 2011

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    Original signed by Stephen Boyne Stephen Boyne Section Head, Individiual Behavior and Performance Approved for release by Original sighed by Joseph V...with the US Army, is employed by SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation) and Johns Hopkins University and is currently under contract to

  2. Maritime Patrol Innovation: USN PBY Catalina Squadrons in the Pacific Area of Operations, 1941-1945

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-15

    of compromise. Two examples of progress were the cantilevered wing and retractable wing floats. The cantilevered wing placed aerodynamic loads on...planes at the time and they both produced dramatic increases in aerodynamic efficiency and corresponding increases in speed and range. 9 Hollenbach...Hollenbach 10 search boxes and how frequently the PBYs revisited them. Figure 3 depicts the enormous amount of ocean the PBYs covered at the time. The

  3. Development of Maritime Patrol Aviation in the Interwar Period, 1918-1941

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    tank and berthing for officers and enlisted men. The squadron then transferred to San Pedro to test the mobility of the unit. The aircraft dropped...makeshift tender Shawmut. Built as a mine-laying vessel she had limited berthing , speed, and space for aviation maintenance shops. These drawbacks...interwar auxiliaries) but also the tenders Aroostook and Gannet had inadequate berthing space and facilities to support seaplane operations with the

  4. The U.S. Navy, the Neutrality Patrol, and Atlantic Fleet Escort Operations, 1939-1941

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-13

    United States ninety-nine year leases on bases in Newfoundland, Bermuda, the Bahamas, Jamaica, Antigua, St. Lucia, Trinidad, and British Guiana . One day...depth charges used in prosecuting attacks. Six to seven was standard throughout 1940, but HMS Highlander deviated from this policy on 30 October 1940...after an unsuccessful attack with a six-charge pattern, the Highlander circled again and dropped fourteen charges in the vicinity of the U- I 188 boat

  5. Feasibility and Requirements Analysis of MIS for Operational Patrol Squadrons in the United States Navy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-12-01

    up to 63 users simultaneously processing data using the BASIC-PLUS, COBOL, BASIC-PLUS-2, FORTRAN IV, APL, or RPG 11 language processors. The ATSS...is another required feature of the DBMS. 50 l - (3) Copi ers. The com.-. LE. s :eqi-ed ,aust ie able to support ANSI COBOL as the primary language and... Aquisition of ADPE, 14. Dye, Cyril, Naval Audit Service, Capital Region, Phone Conversation, 14 October 1981. 168 15. Chief cf Naval Operations

  6. To award a Congressional Gold Medal to the World War II members of the Civil Air Patrol.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. McCaul, Michael T. [R-TX-10

    2013-02-15

    02/15/2013 Referred to House Administration (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see S.309, which became Public Law 113-108 on 5/30/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. Exploiting OSPaN (Optical Solar Patrol Network) Data to Understand Large-Scale Solar Eruptions Impacting Space Weather

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-28

    Moreton, 1960; Athay & Moreton, 1961), represent the “skirt” of a coronal shock wave as it sweeps across the chromosphere , resulting in an initial...about how the magnetic disturbance represented by newly emerging flux ‘propagates’ to a filament? Does it take a shortest path to the chromospheric

  8. To award a Congressional Gold Medal to the World War II members of the Civil Air Patrol.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. McCaul, Michael T. [R-TX-10

    2013-02-15

    02/15/2013 Referred to House Administration (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see S.309, which became Public Law 113-108 on 5/30/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  9. Modeling the U.S. Border Patrol Tucson Sector for the Deployment and Operations of Border Security Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    resources. A. DEFINITION OF TERMS For purposes of this thesis, the definition established by the 1983 La Paz Agreement between the U.S. and...14 La Paz Agreement defined the border region as 100 km north and 100 km south of the U.S.-Mexico International...border. See “La Paz Agreement,” Text of the La Paz Agreement, including Annex I-V. http://yosemite.epa.gov/oia/MexUSA.nsf/La+ Paz +Agreement+-+Web

  10. A bill to award a Congressional Gold Medal to the World War II members of the Civil Air Patrol.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Harkin, Tom [D-IA

    2010-04-21

    Senate - 04/21/2010 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  11. To award a Congressional Gold Medal to the World War II members of the Civil Air Patrol.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. McCaul, Michael T. [R-TX-10

    2013-02-15

    House - 02/15/2013 Referred to House Administration (All Actions) Notes: For further action, see S.309, which became Public Law 113-108 on 5/30/2014. Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  12. Females roam while males patrol: divergence in breeding season movements of pack-ice polar bears (Ursus maritimus).

    PubMed

    Laidre, Kristin L; Born, Erik W; Gurarie, Eliezer; Wiig, Øystein; Dietz, Rune; Stern, Harry

    2013-02-07

    Intraspecific differences in movement behaviour reflect different tactics used by individuals or sexes to favour strategies that maximize fitness. We report movement data collected from n = 23 adult male polar bears with novel ear-attached transmitters in two separate pack ice subpopulations over five breeding seasons. We compared movements with n = 26 concurrently tagged adult females, and analysed velocities, movement tortuosity, range sizes and habitat selection with respect to sex, reproductive status and body mass. There were no differences in 4-day displacements or sea ice habitat selection for sex or population. By contrast, adult females in all years and both populations had significantly more linear movements and significantly larger breeding range sizes than males. We hypothesized that differences were related to encounter rates, and used observed movement metrics to parametrize a simulation model of male-male and male-female encounter. The simulation showed that the more tortuous movement of males leads to significantly longer times to male-male encounter, while having little impact on male-female encounter. By contrast, linear movements of females are consistent with a prioritized search for sparsely distributed prey. These results suggest a possible mechanism for explaining the smaller breeding range sizes of some solitary male carnivores compared to females.

  13. Use of a Computer-Aided Diagnosis System Aboard Patrolling FBM Submarines: Initial At-Sea Trials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-04-29

    required a narcotic analgesic and the corpsmen was considering a diagnosis of small bowel obstruction , Datasheets, computer, printouts...analgesic on one occasion. The corpsman’s initial diagnosis was "possible small bowel obstruction ", a condition which could require surgery and...a 46% chance of appendicitis, 30% NSAP, and 22% small bowel obstruction . This was done the first day right after I gave him the Dukolax. Q

  14. U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Procurement Lessons Impacts on the Offshore Patrol Cutter (OPC) Program Affordability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    and design constraints necessary for the later design team to most effectively complete the functional allocation to design specifications” (p...in cost. The small increase in cost is related to the space footprint required to berth and support the additional personnel. This trade-off has

  15. Results of a Feasibility Study on Sensor Data Fusion for the CP-140 Aurora Maritime Patrol Aircraft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-02-01

    all services, (2) establish a forum for the exchange of research and technology , and (3) develop models , terminology and a taxonomy of the areas of...is proposed with recoverable steps where different level of fusion sophistication can be implemented based on the availability of the technology and...of the technology and the actual status of the sensors on the aircraft. The results presented in this report will be used to derive reasonable and

  16. PM2.5 EXPOSURE CHANGES HEART RATE VARIABILITY (HRV) AND BLOOD PARAMETERS IN STATE HIGHWAY PATROL TROOPERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Epidemiological studies show an association between ambient particulate matter PM and cardiovascular mortality. Panel and controlled exposure studies report PM-associated changes in HRV and blood factors involved in clotting and inflammation. We investigated the effects of in-veh...

  17. THE ASSOCIATION OF EXPOSURE TO PARTICULATE MATTER AND RELATED AIR POLLUTANTS WITH SPECIFIC HEALTH EFFECTS IN HEALTHY HIGHWAY PATROL OFFICERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Estimated exposures to ambient respirable particulate matter (PM) and related co-pollutants have been statistically associated with mortality and morbidity in epidemiological studies conducted throughout the world. Although some subpopulations (e.g., asthmatics; elderly, pulmonar...

  18. The National Security Mission of the U.S. Border Patrol: A Question of Collective Bargaining Exemption

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    until the mid-term elections where the Republicans gained a majority in the Senate did the Act receive passage in both chambers . Interestingly, the...These victories provided sufficient numbers in both chambers of Congress for passage of the Act in November of 2002. The Act (figure 2) as passed...

  19. Females roam while males patrol: divergence in breeding season movements of pack-ice polar bears (Ursus maritimus)

    PubMed Central

    Laidre, Kristin L.; Born, Erik W.; Gurarie, Eliezer; Wiig, Øystein; Dietz, Rune; Stern, Harry

    2013-01-01

    Intraspecific differences in movement behaviour reflect different tactics used by individuals or sexes to favour strategies that maximize fitness. We report movement data collected from n = 23 adult male polar bears with novel ear-attached transmitters in two separate pack ice subpopulations over five breeding seasons. We compared movements with n = 26 concurrently tagged adult females, and analysed velocities, movement tortuosity, range sizes and habitat selection with respect to sex, reproductive status and body mass. There were no differences in 4-day displacements or sea ice habitat selection for sex or population. By contrast, adult females in all years and both populations had significantly more linear movements and significantly larger breeding range sizes than males. We hypothesized that differences were related to encounter rates, and used observed movement metrics to parametrize a simulation model of male–male and male–female encounter. The simulation showed that the more tortuous movement of males leads to significantly longer times to male–male encounter, while having little impact on male–female encounter. By contrast, linear movements of females are consistent with a prioritized search for sparsely distributed prey. These results suggest a possible mechanism for explaining the smaller breeding range sizes of some solitary male carnivores compared to females. PMID:23222446

  20. An Analysis of the Development and Effectiveness of the United States Border Patrol Strategic Plans, 1994-2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-13

    Marijuana Seizures by Fiscal Year (lbs) .................84 Table 7. USBP Southwest Border Heroin Seizures by Fiscal Year (lbs) ......................85......by fiscal year regarding apprehensions of Aliens from Special Interest Countries (ASIC), marijuana seizures, and heroin seizures, smuggling costs

  1. Identification and Quantitation of the Microbiological Flora of the Food Packet, Long Range Patrol under Simulated Field Conditions,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    MILITARY RATIONS, *MICROORGANISMS), (* FOOD , *BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINATION), DETECTION, IDENTIFICATION, STORAGE, PROCESSING, FREEZE DRYING, MICROCOCCUS, STREPTOCOCCUS, YEASTS, MOLDS(ORGANISMS), TEMPERATURE, HIGH ALTITUDE

  2. Coast Guard Patrol Boat Operations in the Arabian Gulf: The Way Forward in the Post-Operation Iraqi Freedom Era

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-07

    knowledge from the theater. Additionally, I would like to thank Dr. Charles D. McKenna, Dean of Academics at the Marine Corps University, Command and...Finally, and most importantly, I am forever indebted to my wife Sharon, who put up with my procrastination and prolonged grumpiness during my...worldwide scale . Lieutenant Thomas stated, "Often times, the countries within the region are more interested in working/training with the U.S. Coast

  3. Track Spacing for An Archimedes Spiral Search by a Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) in Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    search in a datum search problem was studied. To find a recommended track spacing, three analytical approaches were explored. Each of three analytical...approaches has its own strengths and weaknesses. This analysis combined three analytical functions into a single parameterized expression. To find the

  4. Effect of Prolonged Exposure to Elevated Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide Levels on Red Blood Cell Parameters during Submarine Patrols

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-12-01

    rise in Hb, Hct. and red cells, to compensate for the anoxic stress induced by higher carboxyhemoglobin levels (HbCO). Inhalation of CO2 in higher...expected to cause an equilibrium value of 8-50% carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO). Under these conditions, Schulte (1961) did not find any gross changes in...according to Stewart (1974). Carboxyhemoglobin levels of 1-5% cause an increased blood Cow to vital organs, which compensates for the loss of oxygen

  5. U.S. Border Patrol OCONUS: Possible Contributions to the Whole of Government Approach to Stability Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-11

    over thirty thousand troops to the U.S. and Mexico international border. This effort proved successful and America’s borders remained stable.36 Many...worked in six man teams in order to train the Honduran Border Police (Policia De Fronteras ). PAIC Sullivan’s experience in Honduras was similar to...agency forces on the Guatemala and Mexico international border. This mission was also funded and coordinated by DOS. 104 During his deployment

  6. A Grid/Group Study of Gender Perceptions of the Culture of the Oklahoma Civil Air Patrol

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wardlaw, Kelly Ann

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe member perceptions of the culture of the Oklahoma CAP using an online version of the Douglas Grid/Group typology. This study further described and compared differences in how men and women in the organization view its culture. All senior members of the Oklahoma CAP with a valid email address on file…

  7. Action and Rhetoric in Seattle's Freedom Patrols: A Study of Protest Activity by a Local Social Movement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Larry S.

    This paper provides a rhetorical analysis of a protest action, namely, the mobilization and action of black citizens in Seattle, Washington, in reaction to the 1965 shooting of a black man (Robert L. Reese) by a local police officer. A description of actions during this time, as reported by two Seattle newspapers, is provided. An extrinsic…

  8. THE ASSOCIATION OF EXPOSURE TO PARTICULATE MATTER AND RELATED AIR POLLUTANTS WITH SPECIFIC HEALTH EFFECTS IN HEALTHY HIGHWAY PATROL OFFICERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Estimated exposures to ambient respirable particulate matter (PM) and related co-pollutants have been statistically associated with mortality and morbidity in epidemiological studies conducted throughout the world. Although some subpopulations (e.g., asthmatics; elderly, pulmonar...

  9. Identification of Weather Deck Runoff Discharge Constituents Onboard a U.S. Coast Guard Island Class (WPB) Patrol Boat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    c Equipment: Installation of containment enclosure around the gasoline rack located on the fantail to mitigate possible deck runoff due to...valves maintained: The WPB has two fueling stations, one port side and one starboard side. The stations share a common piping and stowage system, with

  10. Analysis, Fabrication, and Testing of a Composite Bladed Propeller for a Naval Academy Yard Patrol (YP) Craft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-06

    determine fiber orientation and strength characteristics. A full-scale mold plug was created using stereolithography. Finally, the carbon/epoxy...blades were laid up in this mold . The YP craft was selected as the test platform as it: 1) has two propellers (in the event of failure); and 2) is used...characteristics. A full-scale mold plug was created using stereolithography. Finally, the carbon/epoxy blades were laid up in this mold . The YP

  11. A Grid/Group Study of Gender Perceptions of the Culture of the Oklahoma Civil Air Patrol

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wardlaw, Kelly Ann

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe member perceptions of the culture of the Oklahoma CAP using an online version of the Douglas Grid/Group typology. This study further described and compared differences in how men and women in the organization view its culture. All senior members of the Oklahoma CAP with a valid email address on file…

  12. PM2.5 EXPOSURE CHANGES HEART RATE VARIABILITY (HRV) AND BLOOD PARAMETERS IN STATE HIGHWAY PATROL TROOPERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Epidemiological studies show an association between ambient particulate matter PM and cardiovascular mortality. Panel and controlled exposure studies report PM-associated changes in HRV and blood factors involved in clotting and inflammation. We investigated the effects of in-veh...

  13. Crossing Guards: A Safety Patrol Program at a Residential School for Students Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired. Practice Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Besden, Cheryl; Crow, Nita; Delgado Greenberg, Maya; Finkelstein, Gerri; Shrieves, Gary; Vickroy, Marcia

    2005-01-01

    In 2001, the California School for the Blind (CSB) was faced with a dilemma. The dropoff point for the day buses had to be changed. The new route to the only logical location for this change sent the buses through a driveway where residential students crossed to travel between the school and the dormitories. Some staff members wanted to eliminate…

  14. Trajectory analysis of Polar Patrol Balloon (PPB) flights in the stratosphere over Antarctica in summer and spring: A preliminary result

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kanzawa, Hiroshi; Fujii, Ryoichi; Yamazaki, Koji; Yamanaka, Manabu D.

    1994-01-01

    Actual trajectories of two PPB's which flew in the Antarctic stratosphere in austral summer and spring are compared with those calculated based on objective analysis data of Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). The differences between the actual and calculated trajectories are discussed to check reliability of the JMA objective analysis data for the stratosphere, and to detect subsynoptic scale variability due to gravity waves and others.

  15. Requirements Capture and Design Issues for a Real-Time Decision Support System for the Canadian Patrol Frigate

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-03-01

    Making Evaluation Facility for Tactical Teams DF DFRM DMSS DND DNR DoD DRDB DRE DREO DREV DSAM ECM EM CON ESM EWS HCI ID IEEE IFF...entities will include jammers, chaff or flare rockets, rubber ducks , and active decoys. Target entities will include aicraft and anti-ship missiles with...deploying softkill weapon systems, such as jammers, chaff or flare rockets, rubber ducks , and active decoys, to defend the ship will be conducted. This

  16. The Relationship of Diet to the Performance of the Combat Soldier. Minimal Calorie Intake during Combat Patrols in a Hot Humid Environment (Panama)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-10-01

    NRC allowances (18). The niacin intakes were below the NRC daily allowances, whether reported in mg/lOon kcal or in mg/day. The magnesium intake for...3.27 ± 0.27 Niacin , mg 1.35 ± 0.30 2.20 ± 0.16 2.73 ± 0.12 32.9 ± 1.62 Sodium, mrn 552 ± 57 774 ± 157 1324 ± 178 3796 ± 540 Potassiun, mg 1894 ± 174

  17. Code Optimization and Hierarchical Scheduling Techniques for Implementing the Commander Patrol Wing Ten, Moffett Field, California (Compatwing Ten) Training Schedule on Microcomputers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-06-01

    squadron must make up any of the training evolutions that must be accomplished prior to deployment. B. TRAINING EVENT DESCRIPTION There are seven...The program used in LCDR Hutson’s prototype was used here, modified by adding successor rules to permit scheduling up to three ready alerts per squadron...schedule up to three ready-alerts periods per squadron. Routines have also been added to convert the readyevents that contain daynumbers1 as start and

  18. Congratulating the Sailors of the United States Submarine Force upon the completion of 1,000 Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) deterrent patrols.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Dicks, Norman D. [D-WA-6

    2009-05-20

    Senate - 12/03/2009 Received in the Senate and referred to the Committee on Armed Services. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  19. A resolution congratulating the Sailors of the United States Submarine Force upon the completion of 4,000 ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) deterrent patrols.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Cantwell, Maria [D-WA

    2014-09-18

    Senate - 09/18/2014 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  20. Analysis and Comparison of DoDAF and Zachman Frameworks for Use as the Architecture for the United States Coast Guard’s Patrol Costal (WPC)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    serve to lead to the completion of the project. This thesis did not consider various frameworks such as the TOGAF or DoD Enterprise Architecture 2...One question that will be answered in this thesis is “what is an ‘ Enterprise Architecture Framework’.” Enterprise is defined as ‘a project or...employed the use of enterprise architecture frameworks which can be described as a comprehensive framework, a set of operational guideline and rules to

  1. Synoptic and fast events on the sun according to observations at the center and wings of the Ca II K line at the Kislovodsk Mountain station patrol telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tlatov, A. G.; Dormidontov, D. V.; Kirpichev, R. V.; Pashchenko, M. P.; Shramko, A. D.

    2015-12-01

    Observations performed at the solar telescope-spectroheliograph, which has continuously automatically operated at MAS MAO RAS, were analyzed. Measurements of the activity index in the Ca II K line, which were performed according to the program of synoptic observations, are presented. The development of the solar flares observed at the center and on the wings of the Ca II K line was compared with observations in the X-ray and radio bands. It was shown that the time variations in the intensity in the 1-8 Å range according to the Geostationary Orbiting Environmental Satellites' (GOES) data and in the Ca II K line are close to each other and that the total X-ray flux and Ca II K intensity amplitude substantially correlate during the entire flare.

  2. A resolution congratulating the Sailors of the United States Submarine Force upon the completion of 4,000 ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) deterrent patrols.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Cantwell, Maria [D-WA

    2014-09-18

    09/18/2014 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  3. Training for a New Weapon System: Proposals for Introducing a New Maritime Patrol Aircraft Weapon System to the Operational Active and Reserve Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-20

    submarines however. detection of te sources is Tsucn more aiffgicult. SianificantC improvements in auieting and tne variaoiiit/ ot sauna sources...acoustic systems and two enlisted aircrewmen operating the non-acoustic systems (including radar, forward looking infrared , magnetic anomai, detect...responsible for eauipment operation and analysis of data from the P-3 radar, two ESM systems, an infrared detection set, a magnetic anomaly detaction

  4. Personnel and Equipment Design Concept for a Maritime Patrol Airship (Non-Rigid) to Conduct Search, Anti-Submarine Warfare, and Airborne Mine Countermeasures Missions.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-12-01

    Clock DSRV (16) NAVSAT SURFACE SHIP (17) OMEGA - P-3 (18) AN/ARN-83 Direction Finder Set P-3 (19) AN/ARN-52(V) Tacan Navigation Set P-3 Object...U s4 4) 4 ) V 4 I 4 0a) 41 -𔃾-’a) ~ 0 a) . 114 r a) 14i a) *- C’, C14 D (D CD CD CDCD CDCD CDz z z z z z z H H H H H " H H H 0 0 00 00 00 0 r- z z...displayed at each satellite pass (weight not available). (17) OMEGA . Omega navigation set AN/ARN-99CV) processes transmitted omega signals, providing the

  5. MARITIME Patrol Aircraft Engine Study, General Electric Derivative Engines. Volume II. Appendix A - Performance Data - GE27/T3 Study at Turboprop.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-04-30

    Re H: Davis N62269-78-C-0414 RE.Warren 9.TI FOAfOf;CVOjt NAME AND ADDRESS 10 . PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT. TASK c Company U~f~gM NIT NUMBERS Aircraft...1979 NavalAir evelpmen Cener 1. NUMBER OF PAGES Warminster, Pennsylvania 18974 80 14. MONITORING AGENCY NAME 6. AOORESS(II differe.,I Innn Caoni,. 10 -11...A IGE 27/T3 STUDY Al RAM RECOVERY zl, CUSTOMER BLEED =0. POWER EXTRACTION =Q Case No. Alt. Mo Day_ Power Setfings 1-6 0 0 STD Max, IRIR MC Part Power

  6. A Capability-Based Approach to Analyzing the Effectiveness and Robustness of an Offshore Patrol Vessel in the Search and Rescue Mission

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    this analysis is the JMP software package. JMP is a computer program first developed by John Sall , which allows complex statistical analyses. The...even the most complex problems (Jones & Sall , 2011). 30 A. ANALYSIS 1: THE FULL FACTOR METAMODEL The first thing that would be interesting to look...www.dtic.mil/dpmo/laws_directives/documents/dodd_3003_01.pdf Jones, B., & Sall , J. (2011). JMP discovery software. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews

  7. Patrolling your blind spots: introspection and public catharsis in a medical school faculty development course to reduce unconscious bias in medicine.

    PubMed

    Hannah, Seth Donal; Carpenter-Song, Elizabeth

    2013-06-01

    Cultural competence education has been criticized for excessively focusing on the culture of patients while ignoring how the culture of medical institutions and individual providers contribute to health disparities. Many educators are now focusing on the role of bias in medical encounters and searching for strategies to reduce its negative impact on patients. These bias-reduction efforts have often been met with resistance from those who are offended by the notion that "they" are part of the problem. This article examines a faculty development course offered to medical school faculty that seeks to reduce bias in a way that avoids this problem. Informed by recent social-psychological research on bias, the course focuses on forms of bias that operate below the level of conscious awareness. With a pedagogical strategy promoting self-awareness and introspection, instructors encourage participants to discover their own unconscious biases in the hopes that they will become less biased in the future. By focusing on hidden forms of bias that everyone shares, they hope to create a "safe-space" where individuals can discuss shameful past experiences without fear of blame or criticism. Drawing on participant-observation in all course sessions and eight in-depth interviews, this article examines the experiences and reactions of instructors and participants to this type of approach. We "lift the hood" and closely examine the philosophy and strategy of course founders, the motivations of the participants, and the experience of and reaction to the specific pedagogical techniques employed. We find that their safe-space strategy was moderately successful, largely due to the voluntary structure of the course, which ensured ample interest among participants, and their carefully designed interactive exercises featuring intimate small group discussions. However, this success comes at the expense of considering the multidimensional sources of bias. The specific focus on introspection implies that prior ignorance, not active malice, is responsible for biased actions. In this way, the individual perpetrators of bias escape blame for their actions while the underlying causes of their behavior go unexplored or unaccounted for.

  8. A resolution congratulating the Sailors of the United States Submarine Force upon the completion of 4,000 ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) deterrent patrols.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Sen. Cantwell, Maria [D-WA

    2014-09-18

    09/18/2014 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (consideration: CR S5880; text as passed Senate: CR S5799) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  9. An assessment of oceanic seabird abundance and distribution off the southern Brazilian coast using observations obtained during deep-water fishing operations.

    PubMed

    Branco, J O; Fracasso, H A A; Pérez, J A A; Rodrigues-Filho, J L

    2014-08-01

    The use of discarded fish over baited hooks used in longline fishery, and fish caught in gillnets, as a food source for gulls, albatrosses and petrels has been intensively studied in northern and southern oceans. This study describes the occurrence and abundance of seabirds observed from 20 foreign vessels which operated during the period between July 2001 and May 2005, off the southeastern and southern Brazilian coast. A total of 353,557 seabirds were observed; comprising eight families and 28 species. The most abundant species was Procellaria conspicillata followed by Daption capense, Puffinus gravis, Thalassarche melanophrys and Oceanites oceanicus. Ten species of seabirds (392 individual birds) were incidentally captured in gillnets; and 122 birds (9 species) by longline hooks, with P. gravis, D. capense and Procellaria aequinoctialis having the largest capture rates.

  10. Tone-activated, remote, alert communication system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baker, C. D.; Couvillon, L. A.; Hubbard, W. P.; Kollar, F. J.; Postal, R. B.; Tegnelia, C. R.

    1971-01-01

    Pocket sized transmitter, frequency modulated by crystal derived tones, with integral loop antenna provides police with easy operating alert signal communicator which uses patrol car radio to relay signal. Communication channels are time shared by several patrol units.

  11. 32 CFR 644.371 - Contracting for care and custody.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... contracting for such services which include watchman, patrol and protective services, attention is invited to... not to organizations which are organizations to render watchman, patrol or protective services and do...

  12. China in Nigeria

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-02

    Bibliography 28 iii List of Illustrations Figure Title Page 1. Nigerian Offshore Patrol Vessel 24 2. China’s Petroleum Imports from Africa and...procurement budget ambitiously provides $42 million for two 1,800 ton offshore patrol vessels, see Figure 1, as well as $13 million for 12 smaller...patrol craft. China Shipbuilding and Offshore International Limited will build the offshore patrol vessels with 50% of the second vessel to be built

  13. 76 FR 40743 - Notice of Realty Action: Recreation and Public Purposes Act Classification of Public Lands in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-11

    ... (WYDOT) proposes to use the land for a Highway Patrol shooting range. DATES: Interested parties may... Patrol shooting range. Additional detailed information pertaining to this application, plan of... suitability of the land for a Highway Patrol shooting range. Classification comments are restricted to...

  14. Ukrainian Naval Reform: Required for Survival

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    Krivak II Frigate 1 Krivak I Frigate 1 Foxtrot Patrol Submarine 1 Grisha V Corvette 3 Grisha III Corvette 1 Grisha II Corvette 2 Petya III Training...Ship 1 Petya II Corvette 1 Molnaya-M Missile boats 2 Matka Missile boats 4 Pauk I Patrol boats 3 Yurka Patrol Minesweeper 2 Ropucha I Landing Ship Tank

  15. A bill to direct the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on the use of Civil Air Patrol personnel and resources to support homeland security missions, and for other purposes.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Harkin, Tom [D-IA

    2009-03-25

    03/25/2009 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  16. To direct the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on the use of Civil Air Patrol personnel and resources to support homeland security missions, and for other purposes.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Dent, Charles W. [R-PA-15

    2009-02-25

    05/13/2009 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  17. A bill to direct the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on the use of Civil Air Patrol personnel and resources to support homeland security missions, and for other purposes.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Harkin, Tom [D-IA

    2009-03-25

    Senate - 03/25/2009 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  18. To direct the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on the use of Civil Air Patrol personnel and resources to support homeland security missions, and for other purposes.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Dent, Charles W. [R-PA-15

    2009-02-25

    Senate - 05/13/2009 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  19. To direct the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on the use of Civil Air Patrol personnel and resources to support homeland security missions, and for other purposes.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Dent, Charles W. [R-PA-15

    2009-02-25

    05/13/2009 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  20. A bill to direct the Comptroller General of the United States to conduct a study on the use of Civil Air Patrol personnel and resources to support homeland security missions, and for other purposes.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Harkin, Tom [D-IA

    2009-03-25

    03/25/2009 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  1. An examination of the relationship between workload and fatigue within and across consecutive days of work: is the relationship static or dynamic?

    PubMed

    Grech, Michelle R; Neal, Andrew; Yeo, Gillian; Smith, Simon; Humphreys, Michael

    2009-07-01

    Cognitive-energetical theories of information processing were used to generate predictions regarding the relationship between perceived workload and fatigue within and across consecutive days of work. Repeated measures were taken aboard a naval vessel from a sample of 20 Navy patrol vessel crew members during nonroutine and routine patrols. The hypotheses were tested through growth curve modeling. There was a nonmonotonic relationship between workload and fatigue in the routine patrol; moderate workload was associated with the lowest fatigue. The relationship between workload and fatigue changed over consecutive days in the nonroutine patrol. At the beginning of the patrol, low workload was associated with fatigue. At the end of the patrol, high workload was associated with fatigue. These results suggest that the optimal level of workload can change over time and thus have implications for the management of fatigue, particularly where prolonged operations are involved. (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved.

  2. Analysis Methods and Models for Small Unit Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    Contact-patrol Conduct a counter attack Patrol to locate mines and explosives Conduct a counter strike Social Patrol Establish reinforcements Inspect...is often very difficult, particularly with social or behavioural phenomena. Other times it is desirable to contrast and compare two or more...16/22 extrapolation will yield incorrect results. In another example, the results of studies of socially correct behaviour in Afghanistan are not

  3. Defense and Homeland Security Applications of Multi-Agent Simulations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    green alert (the normal posture), the force deployment in the operational area consists of the following: • One HURACAN -class missile ship, SAAR 4.5...HAWKEYE AEW aircraft. • Presence of the AVIOCAR MPA. • Aerial patrol by aircraft, type REDIGO, or heli- copter, MI-17. • Patrol area of a HURACAN ...role as the HAWKEYE AEW aircraft, but with less range in its surveillance radar) be present in the area. • The patrol area of the HURACAN ship is not

  4. 8 CFR 238.1 - Proceedings under section 238(b) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... EXPEDITED REMOVAL OF AGGRAVATED FELONS § 238.1 Proceedings under section 238(b) of the Act. (a) Definitions. As used in this part the term: Deciding Service officer means a district director, chief patrol agent, or another immigration officer designated by a district director, chief patrol agent, the...

  5. 8 CFR 238.1 - Proceedings under section 238(b) of the Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... EXPEDITED REMOVAL OF AGGRAVATED FELONS § 238.1 Proceedings under section 238(b) of the Act. (a) Definitions. As used in this part the term: Deciding Service officer means a district director, chief patrol agent, or another immigration officer designated by a district director, chief patrol agent, the...

  6. The first seven UK supernova discoveries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hewitt, N.

    2000-04-01

    This paper outlines the early history of amateur patrolling for supernovae from the United Kingdom, describes the methods employed by the patrollers, and provides a detailed description in the words of the observers of the first seven successful discoveries, made between 1996 October and 1998 April.

  7. 33 CFR 165.T11-0551 - Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Sailing Events. 165.T11-0551 Section 165.T11-0551 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT... § 165.T11-0551 Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events. (a) Definitions—(1) America's Cup Racing... 34th America's Cup sailing events. (2) Patrol Commander. As used in this section, “Patrol Commander”...

  8. Cyber-Cops: Angels on the Net.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educom Review, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Curtis Sliwa, founder of the Guardian Angels citizens' safety patrol, discusses the development of the Cyber Angels, an online citizens' patrol group that monitors Internet communication. Cyber Angels voluntarily look for and report any illegal activity conducted over the Internet, such as pyramid scams, transmission of stolen credit card and…

  9. Using satellite communications for a mobile computer network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wyman, Douglas J.

    1993-01-01

    The topics discussed include the following: patrol car automation, mobile computer network, network requirements, network design overview, MCN mobile network software, MCN hub operation, mobile satellite software, hub satellite software, the benefits of patrol car automation, the benefits of satellite mobile computing, and national law enforcement satellite.

  10. KITAE II: Knowledge Development in Battlespace Helmand

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    BATTLESPACE IS THE KNOWLEDGE BASE HUMINT 1 SIGINT1 OSINT BIO IMINT 1 SIGINT 2 PATROLS HUMINT 2 REACHBACK IMINT 2 Sources OTHER… Actionable Assets Organic...BATTLESPACE IS THE KNOWLEDGE BASE HUMINT 1 SIGINT1 OSINT BIO IMINT 1 SIGINT 2 PATROLS HUMINT 2 REACHBACK IMINT 2 Sources OTHER… Actionable Assets Organic

  11. Cyber-Cops: Angels on the Net.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educom Review, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Curtis Sliwa, founder of the Guardian Angels citizens' safety patrol, discusses the development of the Cyber Angels, an online citizens' patrol group that monitors Internet communication. Cyber Angels voluntarily look for and report any illegal activity conducted over the Internet, such as pyramid scams, transmission of stolen credit card and…

  12. 33 CFR 334.190 - Chesapeake Bay, in vicinity of Bloodsworth Island, MD, U.S. Navy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Bloodsworth Island, Pone Island, Northeast Island, Adams Island, or any Patuxent River Naval Air Station... air search of the entire area will be made for the purpose of locating and warning all craft and... patrol vessels. The patrol vessels will ensure safe separation between all non-participant vessels and...

  13. 33 CFR 334.190 - Chesapeake Bay, in vicinity of Bloodsworth Island, MD, U.S. Navy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Bloodsworth Island, Pone Island, Northeast Island, Adams Island, or any Patuxent River Naval Air Station... air search of the entire area will be made for the purpose of locating and warning all craft and... patrol vessels. The patrol vessels will ensure safe separation between all non-participant vessels and...

  14. Flower-visiting behavior of male bees is triggered by nectar-feeding insects.

    PubMed

    Sugiura, Shinji; Abe, Tetsuto; Yamaura, Yuichi; Makino, Shun'ichi

    2007-08-01

    Bees are important pollinators for many flowering plants. Female bees are thought to be more effective pollinators than male bees because they carry much more pollen than males. Males of some solitary bee species are known to patrol near flowers that females visit. Because patrolling males visit flowers to mate or defend their territories, they may function as pollinators. However, the significance of patrolling males to pollination has not been studied. We studied males of a solitary bee, Heriades fulvohispidus (Megachilidae), patrolling near flowers and visiting flowers that attracted nectar-feeding insects, including conspecifics, on the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands. To test the hypothesis that patrolling male bees may function as pollen vectors, we compared the frequency of visits by H. fulvohispidus to flowers of an endemic plant, Schima mertensiana (Theaceae); comparisons were made among flowers with a dead H. fulvohispidus, a dead beetle, a piece of plastic, and nothing (control flowers). Patrolling H. fulvohispidus more frequently visited flowers with a dead conspecific, a dead beetle, or a piece of plastic than the control flowers. Our experiment demonstrates that nectar-feeding insects (including conspecifics and other insects) enhance the flower-visiting frequency of patrolling H. fulvohispidus males on S. mertensiana flowers. Furthermore, we observed S. mertensiana pollen on patrolling males as well as females, suggesting that male bees may also function as pollen vectors.

  15. A Generation of Peace in the Sinai

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-17

    ready to roll across at any time. Egypt’s interest lay in its sovereignty; the Sinai had been a part of Egypt since the time of the Pharaohs .”39 The UNEF...of rotary wing aircraft; France supplies and operates one fixed wing aircraft; Italy supplies and mans three coastal patrol boats to patrol the Straits

  16. In depth review of the 1979 AIAA Lighter-Than-Air Systems Technology Conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ardema, M. D.

    1979-01-01

    The lighter than air (LTA) systems technology conference is reviewed. Highlights of the conference were: (1) the interest shown in patrol and surveillance airships, particularly for coastal patrol missions; (2) the session devoted to overviews of foreign activity; and (3) heavy lift and long range transport aircraft design considerations.

  17. Melting in the Arctic: Preparing Now for Possibilities in the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-04

    shipping, exploration, research, tourism, military patrols, and unfortunately the potential for conflict. So far, climate change , diplomacy, and economic...presence such as shipping, exploration, research, tourism, military patrols, and unfortunately the potential for conflict. So far, climate change ...conflict. So far, climate change , diplomacy, and economic factors have been the major driving factors in shaping this area of the

  18. 33 CFR 100.150 - Special Local Regulations; Marine Events in the Coast Guard Sector New York Captain of the Port...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... at: http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/. The Sector New York Marine Events schedule can also be viewed electronically at http://www.homeport.uscg.mil/newyork. Although listed in the Code of Federal Regulations.... (2) Official Patrol Vessels. Official patrol vessels may consist of any Coast Guard, Coast Guard...

  19. PAC-TAC. Police and Citizens-Together Against Crime. Experimental Action Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rochester Univ., NY. Management Research Center.

    This report describes an experimental program in which civilians and police officers work as two-person teams, patrolling fixed "beat" areas in selected urban neighborhoods. These teams work in responding to service calls, aiding regular mobile patrols in their duties, deterring criminal activity and civilian victimization, and…

  20. Melting in the Arctic: Preparing Now for Possibilities in the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-04

    shipping, exploration, research, tourism, military patrols, and unfortunately the potential for conflict. So far, climate change , diplomacy, and economic...presence such as shipping, exploration, research, tourism, military patrols, and unfortunately the potential for conflict. So far, climate change ...conflict. So far, climate change , diplomacy, and economic factors have been the major driving factors in shaping this area of the

  1. Shipboard and Ground Troop Casualty Rates among Navy and Marine Corps Personnel during World War II Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-08-01

    range of ships (major combatants, patrol craft, submarines, minecraft , landing craft, auxiliary vessels) critical to successful naval engagements. Figure... minecraft , and patrol craft. These vessels are generally small, with minrimnl rrpw rcmn1pmpntf. vieldina high rates of casualties when hit. Fuel oil

  2. Forward . . . From the Start: The U.S. Navy & Homeland Defense: 1775-2003

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-02-01

    increasing numbers of patrol craft and land-based blimps and patrol planes off American coasts and forward.36 The central U.S. Navy operational approach to...Navy; Captain Patrick Roth, U.S. Navy (Retired); Alexia Suma; and Daniel Swartz.

  3. Joint Terminal Attack Controller, A Primary MOS For The Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-07

    can be traced back to the Vietnam Conflict. These small patrols, teams dubbed “ Stingray ,” could consist of five to eighteen members, depending on...instructors in an accredited schoolhouse. 6 War, Major G.R. Martin states, “Many Stingray patrols were inserted by helicopter, then moved

  4. Flower-visiting behavior of male bees is triggered by nectar-feeding insects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sugiura, Shinji; Abe, Tetsuto; Yamaura, Yuichi; Makino, Shun'ichi

    2007-08-01

    Bees are important pollinators for many flowering plants. Female bees are thought to be more effective pollinators than male bees because they carry much more pollen than males. Males of some solitary bee species are known to patrol near flowers that females visit. Because patrolling males visit flowers to mate or defend their territories, they may function as pollinators. However, the significance of patrolling males to pollination has not been studied. We studied males of a solitary bee, Heriades fulvohispidus (Megachilidae), patrolling near flowers and visiting flowers that attracted nectar-feeding insects, including conspecifics, on the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands. To test the hypothesis that patrolling male bees may function as pollen vectors, we compared the frequency of visits by H. fulvohispidus to flowers of an endemic plant, Schima mertensiana (Theaceae); comparisons were made among flowers with a dead H. fulvohispidus, a dead beetle, a piece of plastic, and nothing (control flowers). Patrolling H. fulvohispidus more frequently visited flowers with a dead conspecific, a dead beetle, or a piece of plastic than the control flowers. Our experiment demonstrates that nectar-feeding insects (including conspecifics and other insects) enhance the flower-visiting frequency of patrolling H. fulvohispidus males on S. mertensiana flowers. Furthermore, we observed S. mertensiana pollen on patrolling males as well as females, suggesting that male bees may also function as pollen vectors.

  5. Phylogeography and taxonomy of White-chinned and Spectacled Petrels.

    PubMed

    Mareile Techow, N M S; Ryan, Peter G; O'Ryan, Colleen

    2009-07-01

    The genus Procellaria traditionally consists of four species, two restricted to New Zealand and two widespread in the Southern Ocean. All four are threatened because of incidental mortality on longlines and other fishing gear. The White-chinned Petrel P. aequinoctialis is the seabird killed in largest numbers by fisheries in the Southern Ocean. A spectacled form recently has been elevated to species status, Spectacled Petrel P. conspicillata, based on differences in morphometrics, vocalisations and breeding phenology. Cytochrome b sequences support species status for the Spectacled Petrel and show that the White-chinned Petrel has two regional populations, one around New Zealand and one throughout the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. White-chinned and Spectacled Petrels segregated approximately 0.90 million years ago by allopatric fragmentation, and the two populations within White-chinned Petrels diverged approximately 0.35 million years ago. Climate changes and corresponding changes in ocean currents are most likely responsible for these patterns.

  6. Selection for protection in an ant–plant mutualism: host sanctions, host modularity, and the principal–agent game

    PubMed Central

    Edwards, David P; Hassall, Mark; Sutherland, William J; Yu, Douglas W

    2005-01-01

    Retaliation against cheaters can prevent the breakdown of cooperation. Here we ask whether the ant–plant Cordia nodosa is able to apply retaliatory sanctions against its ant symbiont Allomerus octoarticulatus, which patrols new shoots to prevent herbivory. We test the hypothesis that the modular design of C. nodosa physiologically ties the growth of housing (stem swellings known as domatia) to the successful development of the attached leaves. We experimentally simulated herbivory by cutting leaves from patrolled shoots and found that the domatia on such ‘cheated’ shoots suffered higher mortality and lower growth than did controls, evidence for a host sanction. On the other hand, patrolling is costly to the ant, and experiment shows that non-patrollers run a low risk of being sanctioned because most leaves (and the attached domatia) escape heavy herbivory even when patrollers are absent. This suggests that cheaters might enjoy a higher fitness than do mutualists, despite sanctions, but we find that patrolling provides a net fecundity benefit when the colony and plant exceed a minimum size, which requires sustained ant investment in patrolling. These results map directly onto the principal–agent (P–A) game from economics, which we suggest can be used as a framework for studying stability in mutualisms, where high sampling costs and cheating do not allow market effects to select for mutual benefits. PMID:16537131

  7. Studies on the microbial flora in the air of submarines and the nasopharyngeal flora of the crew

    PubMed Central

    Morris, J. E. W.; Fallon, R. J.

    1973-01-01

    Airborne bacteria surveys in nuclear submarines show that the total microbial load was maintained at satisfactorily low levels during prolonged patrols despite factors which were expected to increase this form of pollution. The isolation rates of Staphylococcus aureus and Neisseria meningitidis from nasal and nasopharyngeal swabs respectively, together with the serum antibody titres to Mycoplasma pneumoniae, before and after patrols suggested that the transmission of these organisms between individuals was not much increased by patrol conditions. The finding of higher numbers of airborne gram-negative rods and bodily contamination by enterobacteria is frequently reported in submersibles but does not appear to cause major outbreaks of illness in nuclear submarine crews. PMID:4149069

  8. Application of ant colony algorithm in path planning of the data center room robot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yong; Ma, Jianming; Wang, Ying

    2017-05-01

    According to the Internet Data Center (IDC) room patrol robot as the background, the robot in the search path of autonomous obstacle avoidance and path planning ability, worked out in advance of the robot room patrol mission. The simulation experimental results show that the improved ant colony algorithm for IDC room patrol robot obstacle avoidance planning, makes the robot along an optimal or suboptimal and safe obstacle avoidance path to reach the target point to complete the task. To prove the feasibility of the method.

  9. Studies on the microbial flora in the air of submarines and the nasopharyngeal flora of the crew.

    PubMed

    Morris, J E; Fallon, R J

    1973-12-01

    Airborne bacteria surveys in nuclear submarines show that the total microbial load was maintained at satisfactorily low levels during prolonged patrols despite factors which were expected to increase this form of pollution.The isolation rates of Staphylococcus aureus and Neisseria meningitidis from nasal and nasopharyngeal swabs respectively, together with the serum antibody titres to Mycoplasma pneumoniae, before and after patrols suggested that the transmission of these organisms between individuals was not much increased by patrol conditions. The finding of higher numbers of airborne gram-negative rods and bodily contamination by enterobacteria is frequently reported in submersibles but does not appear to cause major outbreaks of illness in nuclear submarine crews.

  10. Why is the Littoral Combat Ship Required?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    WWII, 3) Patrol-Combatant-Missile ( Hydrofoil ) or PHM’s of the 1980’s, and 4) Patrol Coastal (PC) boats of the 1990’s. These examples provide...vessels attacked a larger warship, they were heavily outgunned. Most gunboats only carried one to two small caliber guns of which the largest size was...ocean warfare against the Soviet threat made them expendable. Patrol-Combatant-Missile ( Hydrofoil ) or PHM. In the 1970’s, the United States and her

  11. 27. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #301, power supply assembly ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    27. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #301, power supply assembly - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  12. 24 CFR 761.21 - Plan requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... intervention, drug treatment, tenant patrols, and physical improvements. The plan under this section serves as... requirements of this section before grant funds are distributed. HUD will review the submitted plans for a...

  13. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 623 - Explanation of Terms

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... functions. Youth groups. Youth groups are groups such as the Boy Scouts of America; Girl Scouts of the United States of America; Civil Air Patrol; Camp Fire Girls, Incorporated; The Boy's Club of...

  14. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 623 - Explanation of Terms

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... functions. Youth groups. Youth groups are groups such as the Boy Scouts of America; Girl Scouts of the United States of America; Civil Air Patrol; Camp Fire Girls, Incorporated; The Boy's Club of...

  15. 47 CFR 0.431 - The FCC service frequency lists.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., except the following: Aircraft, amateur, personal (except General Mobile Radio Service), Civil Air Patrol..., D.C., in the Office of Engineering and Technology. Copies may be purchased from the...

  16. View from southwest to northeast of PAR site fresh water ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View from southwest to northeast of PAR site fresh water pump house - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Fresh Water Pump House, In Limited Access Area, on Patrol Road next to Open Storage Reservoir No. 736, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  17. 33 CFR 334.1170 - San Pablo Bay, Calif.; gunnery range, Naval Inshore Operations Training Center, Mare Island...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE... issued by the U.S. Coast Guard and the area will be patrolled by boat and searched by radar to insure...

  18. 33 CFR 334.1170 - San Pablo Bay, Calif.; gunnery range, Naval Inshore Operations Training Center, Mare Island...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE... issued by the U.S. Coast Guard and the area will be patrolled by boat and searched by radar to insure...

  19. 33 CFR 334.1170 - San Pablo Bay, Calif.; gunnery range, Naval Inshore Operations Training Center, Mare Island...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE... issued by the U.S. Coast Guard and the area will be patrolled by boat and searched by radar to insure...

  20. 33 CFR 334.1170 - San Pablo Bay, Calif.; gunnery range, Naval Inshore Operations Training Center, Mare Island...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE... issued by the U.S. Coast Guard and the area will be patrolled by boat and searched by radar to insure...

  1. 33 CFR 334.1170 - San Pablo Bay, Calif.; gunnery range, Naval Inshore Operations Training Center, Mare Island...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE... issued by the U.S. Coast Guard and the area will be patrolled by boat and searched by radar to insure...

  2. 78 FR 42051 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... boundaries and territorial areas encompassing the Saudi Arabian coastline. The purchase of Mark V patrol... intruders in Saudi territorial seas, and recognized economic exclusion zones. Saudi Arabia will have...

  3. A Parallel Study between the Resource Typing as Outlined in the American NIMS Document and the Levels of Service Required of the Police Forces of Quebec

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    Aviation Administration FLIR Forward Looking Infrared GPS Global Positioning System IA Inspection Authorization IFR /VFR Instrument Flight Rules/Visual...enforcement Aviation (helicopters - patrol & surveillance) ------------------------------------ 9 3. Law enforcement observation Aircraft (fixed-wing...based planning ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 62 ANNEX 9

  4. Allocation of Emergency Units: Response Areas,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    The average travel time for emergency units such as fire engines, ambulances, and police patrol cars, which respond to spatially distributed...areas so as to reduce average travel time and also reduce the imbalance of workload among units.

  5. 21. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #200, electrical equipment room ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #200, electrical equipment room - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  6. 35. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #325, showing hard disc ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    35. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #325, showing hard disc drive - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  7. 32. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #318, closeup of rack ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    32. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #318, close-up of rack showing logic chassis - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  8. 24. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #203, communications room ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #203, communications room - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  9. 22. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #201, phase shifter service ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #201, phase shifter service platform (level two) - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  10. Remote launch operations building, showing diesel exhaust (left) and intake ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Remote launch operations building, showing diesel exhaust (left) and intake (right) shafts, and tunnel entrance on the far right - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Remote Launch Operations Building, Near Service Road exit from Patrol Road, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  11. 11. View toward southwest, northeast oblique of perimeter acquisition radar ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. View toward southwest, northeast oblique of perimeter acquisition radar building showing - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  12. 34. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #325, tape handler room ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    34. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #325, tape handler room - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  13. 23. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #202, mechanical equipment room ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #202, mechanical equipment room no. 2 - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  14. 36. Perimeter acquisition radar building, phase shifter service platform; level ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    36. Perimeter acquisition radar building, phase shifter service platform; level three - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  15. 58. Cutaway profile drawing of the perimeter acquisition radar ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    58. Cutaway profile drawing of the perimeter acquisition radar - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  16. 24. LOOKING NORTHWEST AT SOUTHEAST FACE OF SEAPLANE HANGAR (BLDG ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. LOOKING NORTHWEST AT SOUTHEAST FACE OF SEAPLANE HANGAR (BLDG 1) COMPLETED STEEL FRAMEWORK. NEUTRALITY PATROL HANGAR (BLDG. 2) VISIBLE ON LEFT. USN PHOTO, OCTOBER 24, 1940. - Quonset Point Naval Air Station, Roger Williams Way, North Kingstown, Washington County, RI

  17. Physics Involved in Air Search and Rescue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egler, Robert A.

    1994-01-01

    Describes how a simple radio homing device can be used to allow students to participate in a search and rescue mission similar to that which the Civil Air Patrol engages in when locating planes that have crashed. (ZWH)

  18. Supernova frequency estimates

    SciTech Connect

    Tsvetkov, D.Y.

    1983-01-01

    Estimates of the frequency of type I and II supernovae occurring in galaxies of different types are derived from observational material acquired by the supernova patrol of the Shternberg Astronomical Institute.

  19. Cancer Vaccines

    MedlinePlus

    ... many tasks required to protect the body against disease-causing microbes and abnormal cells. Some types of leukocytes patrol the circulatory system , seeking foreign invaders and diseased, damaged, or dead ...

  20. 33 CFR 334.230 - Potomac River.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... large or small caliber guns and projectiles, aerial bombing, use of directed energy, and operating... directed to the patrol boat. (iii) Due to hazards of unexploded ordnance, no person or craft in the...

  1. 28. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #302, signal process and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    28. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #302, signal process and analog receiver room - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  2. 20 CFR 1002.62 - Does USERRA cover a member of the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a “uniformed service” for... Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Civil Air Patrol, and the Coast Guard Auxiliary is not protected by...

  3. 20 CFR 1002.62 - Does USERRA cover a member of the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a “uniformed service” for... Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Civil Air Patrol, and the Coast Guard Auxiliary is not protected by...

  4. 20 CFR 1002.62 - Does USERRA cover a member of the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a “uniformed service” for... Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Civil Air Patrol, and the Coast Guard Auxiliary is not protected by...

  5. 33 CFR 100.1105 - San Francisco Bay Navy Fleetweek Parade of Ships and Blue Angels Demonstration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) Effective Periods. This section is effective during the U.S. Navy/City of San Francisco Fleetweek Parade of... Guard Patrol Commander is empowered to forbid and control the movement of all vessels in the regulated...

  6. 33 CFR 100.1105 - San Francisco Bay Navy Fleetweek Parade of Ships and Blue Angels Demonstration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Effective Periods. This section is effective during the U.S. Navy/City of San Francisco Fleetweek Parade of... Francisco, California. The Coast Guard Patrol Commander is empowered to forbid and control the movement of...

  7. 33 CFR 100.1105 - San Francisco Bay Navy Fleetweek Parade of Ships and Blue Angels Demonstration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) Effective Periods. This section is effective during the U.S. Navy/City of San Francisco Fleetweek Parade of... Francisco, California. The Coast Guard Patrol Commander is empowered to forbid and control the movement of...

  8. 33 CFR 100.1105 - San Francisco Bay Navy Fleetweek Parade of Ships and Blue Angels Demonstration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) Effective Periods. This section is effective during the U.S. Navy/City of San Francisco Fleetweek Parade of... Guard Patrol Commander is empowered to forbid and control the movement of all vessels in the regulated...

  9. Stealing inside after Dark.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Herk, Aritha

    1990-01-01

    Drawing on works of literary theory and postmodern fiction, discusses the relationship between reader, writer, and text. Examines the boundaries and frontiers that writers patrol and readers inhabit as they live out their personal lives with texts. (DMM)

  10. Biological Therapies for Cancer

    MedlinePlus

    ... Some white blood cells, including macrophages and natural killer cells , patrol the body, seeking out foreign invaders ... activating certain white blood cells, such as natural killer cells and dendritic cells ( 3 ). INF-alfa may ...

  11. 33 CFR 88.12 - Public safety activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... alternately flashing red and yellow light signal. This identification light signal must be located so that it... activities include but are not limited to patrolling marine parades, regattas, or special water...

  12. 33 CFR 88.12 - Public safety activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... alternately flashing red and yellow light signal. This identification light signal must be located so that it... activities include but are not limited to patrolling marine parades, regattas, or special water...

  13. 33 CFR 88.12 - Public safety activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... alternately flashing red and yellow light signal. This identification light signal must be located so that it... activities include but are not limited to patrolling marine parades, regattas, or special water...

  14. 47 CFR 0.431 - The FCC service frequency lists.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., except the following: Aircraft, amateur, personal (except General Mobile Radio Service), Civil Air Patrol..., D.C., in the Office of Engineering and Technology. Copies may be purchased from the Commission's...

  15. Physics Involved in Air Search and Rescue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egler, Robert A.

    1994-01-01

    Describes how a simple radio homing device can be used to allow students to participate in a search and rescue mission similar to that which the Civil Air Patrol engages in when locating planes that have crashed. (ZWH)

  16. 14. Inner double blast door entrance to perimeter acquisition radar ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Inner double blast door entrance to perimeter acquisition radar building security area - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  17. 5. View toward west, east face ("B" wall) of perimeter ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. View toward west, east face ("B" wall) of perimeter acquisition radar building - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  18. 30. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #318, showing radar control. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #318, showing radar control. Console and line printers - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  19. 75 FR 26877 - Peace Officers Memorial Day and Police Week, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-12

    ... neighborhoods safe, enforce our laws, and respond in times of crisis. These men and women sustain peace and... Times Square. From combating terror and staking out criminals to patrolling our highways, peace officers...

  20. Bajocian ammonoids from Pumani River area (Ayacucho, Peru): Palaeobiogeographical and palaeoenvironmental implications for the Arequipa Basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernandez-Lopez, Sixto; Carlotto, Victor; Giraldo, Edwin; Chacaltana, Cesar

    2014-01-01

    Deposits of the Socosani Formation in the Pucayacu and Pumani sections (Ayacucho Department, Peru), along several kilometres, have yielded Upper Bajocian ammonoid fossil-assemblages characterized by the occurrence of juvenile individuals belonging to endemic or pandemic genera, such as Megasphaeroceras and Spiroceras respectively. In addition, certain Bajocian genera relatively common in the Mediterranean-Caucasian Subrealm, but very scarce in the Eastern Pacific Subrealm, such as the strigoceratid Cadomoceras and the phylloceratid Adabofoloceras, occur in this area. According to the taphonomic, palaeoecological and palaeobiogeographical evidence from the Pumani River area, the maximum deepening, relative sea-level rise and oceanic accessibility of a Bajocian-Bathonian, second-order, transgressive/regressive facies cycle in the marine Arequipa Basin were reached during the Late Bajocian Niortense Biochron. However, synsedimentary regional tectonics in the Pumani River area disturbed this general deepening/shallowing cycle of the Arequipa Basin, particularly during the Late Bajocian post-Niortense time-interval of the Garantiana and Parkinsoni biochrons.

  1. Military Police: Assisting in Securing the United States Southern Border

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-12

    illegal immigrants being caught declining. In fact, the Department of Homeland Security currently reports that Customs and Border Patrol (CBP...illegal immigrants clearly indicates near freedom of access to the U.S. from Mexico. In today’s environment of transnational terrorism that is simply...primarily tries to accomplish this through the Customs and Border Patrol (CBP), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the Transportation Security

  2. A Centralized Source of Information for the Military Working Dog Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-01

    specialized tasks relating to law enforcement or physical security operations. These include scout, sentry, patrol, tracker, narcotic, contraband...together in performing law enforcement and/or physical security duties (Ibid: 2). 5entr Dag - A MWD trained to assist in providing tactical or non...28-36; Thorton). Patrol D% - A MWD that is the most versatile single-purpose asset available. This dog can expand law enforcement capabilities and

  3. The Hammer and the Anvil: The Need for A Comprehensive Southwest Border Security Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-02

    1 Blas Nunez-Neto, Border Security: The Role of the U.S. Border Patrol, (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service...Data, FY 1999 to FY 2009, (Washington, DC: U.S. Border Patrol, 2009); Jennifer Lake, Blas Nunez-Neto, and Allison Siskin, Border Security Backgrounder...60 U.S. House of Representatives, Cargo Security at Land Ports of Entry: Are We Meeting The Challenge?, 2. 61 Blas Nunez-Neto, Border

  4. Computer-aided dispatching system design specification

    SciTech Connect

    Briggs, M.G.

    1997-12-16

    This document defines the performance requirements for a graphic display dispatching system to support Hanford Patrol Operations Center. This document reflects the as-built requirements for the system that was delivered by GTE Northwest, Inc. This system provided a commercial off-the-shelf computer-aided dispatching system and alarm monitoring system currently in operations at the Hanford Patrol Operations Center, Building 2721E. This system also provides alarm back-up capability for the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP).

  5. What do Afghans Want from the Police? Views from Helmand Province

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    figures Figure 1. Police in Garm Ser district bazaar, February 2011 8 Figure 2. Police checkpoint along a main road through Garm Ser...weapons, or drugs. As "patrol bases," these positions also provide the police with staging grounds for conducting police patrols. Figure 2. Police ... checkpoint along a main road through Carm Ser district, February 201 T ;-TTT*J a. Photo by Patricio Asfura-Heim, CNA The public’s perception of police

  6. Forest research notes, Pacific Northwest Forest Experiment Station, No. 34, August 15, 1946.

    Treesearch

    William G. Morris; Thornton T. Munger; Harold A. Rapraeger; Leo A. Isaac

    1946-01-01

    With the recent use of airplane patrol to discover fires it has become important to review what is known about the visibility of smoke and to study any new theories or applications of present knowledge that are suggested, Airplane patrol is expensive on an hourly basis, The time available for the observer to see a smoke before he has passed too far beyond it is short....

  7. Analysis of Radiation Exposure for Additional Naval Personnel at Operation CASTLE-Supplemental Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-10-01

    between 0735 and 0833 hours on 1 April, prior to resuming its ASW patrols around that atoll. The ship conducted three such patrols on 1 , 9, and 10...Information is estimated to average 1 hour per reomons, Including the time for reviewimng 1 .uction . serching existing data sources. gathering and...Proect (0704-01 8. Washgton. OC 20503. 1 . AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED 911001 Technical _ 890424-891120 4

  8. Field Evaluation of Six Protective Coatings Applied to T56 Turbines after 1500 Hours Engine Use

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-01

    Six Coating Systems On First-stage Gas Turbine Blades In The Engines of a Long-Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft ", Surface and Coating Technology, 36...based coatings. They were applied to the first-stage turbine blades in the engines of two long range maritime patrol aircraft operated by the Royal...incorrect. These differently coated turbine - blades have in fact seen 1500 hours service in a T56 engine . The title and further reference in the text should

  9. Field Artillery in Military Operations Other Than War: An Overview of the US Experience

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Cold War, US policy makers and military strategists came to perceive Soviet and, after 1949, Chinese communist expansion as the principal threat to...would patrol the countryside , find the enemy (ranging anywhere between a two-man patrol to a VC regiment), disengage, and call in air, naval, and...Massing Fires and Reinventing the Wheel, Korean War Anthology (Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute, 2003). 35. This brief look at US

  10. Arizona Law Enforcement Biometrics Identification and Information Sharing Technology Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    accurate systems were from NEC of Japan, SAGEM of France and Cogent, an American company (Bulman, 2004). The performance of these three systems was...into a docking station attached to a laptop in a patrol car or a docking station attached to a PC at a remote location. The image can also be...transmitted using Bluetooth communications to the laptop in the patrol car. Figure 1 illustrates how images are transmitted and information received by an

  11. Porpoises Among the Whales: Small Navies in Asia and the Pacific

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-03-01

    Maverick 14 miles 300 lbs. 800+ mph Air-to-surface vessels) may decide the outcome. (U.S.) Military analysts generally maintain Silkworm 59-93 miles...Sarawak with Malaysia,* and, despite the fact into the newly formed Malaysian federation. that the two countries are ASEAN ISee also Morgan and Fryer 1985...4its constabulary and coastal-defense Fast-attack hydrofoils 5 6 Large patrol craft 18 1 roles. The Malaysian navy is only Coastal patrol craft 18

  12. Iran’s Naval Forces: From Guerilla Warfare to a Modern Naval Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Readiness 20 Patrols 20 Exercises 21 Training 21 Dispersals 21 Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) 22 IRGCN Small Boat Tactics 22 Small...power and prestige of the Shah’s Iran. Today, it consists mainly of older, mid-sized naval combatants, such as corvettes and missile-equipped patrol...Khomeini’s base of revolutionaries turned paramilitary internal security force-to take on a larger role in the country’s defense. In addition to the original

  13. Western European and NATO Navies, 1981.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-07-01

    calls for a force of 25 frigates, 6 diesel submarines, 15 minehunters, 16 inshore minesweepers, 21 long-range maritime patrol aircraft, and 40 Lynx ...II long-range maritime patrol aircraft (the first of which was delivered in November 1981) and 24 Lynx helicopters (with more to be ordered). These...Olmikes, Bradford and Petersen, Charles C., "Iarltli 421-439 Factors Mfecting Iberian Security,". (Pactores tr~timos Dje *Northwestern University

  14. Search for time-correlated optical flashes of GRO-detected gamma-ray bursts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Greiner, J.; Wenzel, W.; Hudec, R.; Moskalenko, E. I.; Fishman, G. J.; Kouveliotou, C.; Meegan, C. A.; Paciesas, W. S.; Wilson, R. B.

    1992-01-01

    This status report presents some details on the project 'Search for time-correlated optical counterparts of gamma-ray bursters'. The photographic sky patrol of the three observatories Sonneberg (FRG), Ondrejov (CSFR), and Odessa (USSR) is used to look for patrol plates which have been exposed simultaneously with a gamma-ray burst detected by GRO. Our expectations and the very first results are presented.

  15. Simultaneous optical/gamma ray observations of GRB's

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kouveliotou, C.; Fishman, G. J.; Meegan, C. A.; Paciesas, W. S.; Wilson, R. B.; Greiner, J.; Wenzel, W.; Hudec, R.; Pravec, P.; Rezek, T.

    1992-01-01

    The photographic sky patrols of the Observatories Sonneberg (FRG), Ondrejov (CSFR), Odessa (Ukraine) are used to look for patrol plates which were exposed simultaneously with a gamma-ray burst (GRB) detected by gamma ray observations. The results for the first year of data are presented. For several GRB plates which contain the GRB location, and the exposure time of which contains the time of the GRB are presented. The results of the research for optical flashes on these simultaneous plates are discussed.

  16. Western European and NATO Navies, 1980.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-08-01

    unambiguously relegated to auxiliary or subsidiary service. The survey is conducted in geographical order from the north west- - 2 - ward around Europe to the...the years its inventory of large frigates has dropped from 5 to 2 (which re- cently completed a mid-life overhaul), backed up by 3 to 4 patrol...three Oberon -class submarines. Cana- da has begun taking delivery of 18 Aurora maritime patrol aircraft (a variant of the U.S. P-3) to replace her

  17. The impact of armed conflict on protected-area efficacy in Central Africa.

    PubMed

    de Merode, Emmanuel; Smith, Kes Hillman; Homewood, Katherine; Pettifor, Richard; Rowcliffe, Marcus; Cowlishaw, Guy

    2007-06-22

    What determines the vulnerability of protected areas, a fundamental component of biodiversity conservation, to political instability and warfare? We investigated the efficacy of park protection at Garamba National Park (Democratic Republic of Congo) before, during and after a period of armed conflict. Previous analysis has shown that bushmeat hunting in the park increased fivefold during the conflict, but then declined, in conjunction with changes in the sociopolitical structures (social institutions) that controlled the local bushmeat trade. We used park patrol records to investigate whether these changes were facilitated by a disruption to anti-poaching patrols. Contrary to expectation, anti-poaching patrols remained frequent during the conflict (as bushmeat offtake increased) and decreased afterwards (when bushmeat hunting also declined). These results indicate that bushmeat extraction was determined primarily by the social institutions. Although we found a demonstrable effect of anti-poaching patrols on hunting pressure, even a fourfold increase in patrol frequency would have been insufficient to cope with wartime poaching levels. Thus, anti-poaching patrols alone may not always be the most cost-effective means of managing protected areas, and protected-area efficacy might be enhanced by also working with those institutions that already play a role in regulating local natural-resource use.

  18. Global information sampling in the honey bee

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Brian R.

    2008-06-01

    Central to the question of task allocation in social insects is how workers acquire information. Patrolling is a curious behavior in which bees meander over the face of the comb inspecting cells. Several authors have suggested it allows bees to collect global information, but this has never been formally evaluated. This study explores this hypothesis by answering three questions. First, do bees gather information in a consistent manner as they patrol? Second, do they move far enough to get a sense of task demand in distant areas of the nest? And third, is patrolling a commonly performed task? Focal animal observations were used to address the first two predictions, while a scan sampling study was used to address the third. The results were affirmative for each question. While patrolling, workers collected information by performing periodic clusters of cell inspections. Patrolling bees not only traveled far enough to frequently change work zone; they often visited every part of the nest. Finally, the majority of the bees in the middle-age caste were shown to move throughout the nest over the course of a few hours in a manner suggestive of patrolling. Global information collection is contrary to much current theory, which assumes that workers respond to local information only. This study thus highlights the nonmutually exclusive nature of various information collection regimes in social insects.

  19. Wildlife laws monitoring as an adaptive management tool in protected area management in Ghana: a case of Kakum Conservation Area.

    PubMed

    Wiafe, Edward Debrah

    2016-01-01

    The wildlife laws of Ghana alienated the rural communities from forests and material well-being depended upon for their livelihood and this manifests itself in the progressive conflict between the park patrol staff and poachers from the fringes of the protected areas. The main aim of this study was to determine the impact of quantification of patrol efforts on indicators of illegal hunting activities that occur in rainforest protected areas, as a result of monitoring patrol operations and modifying the original plan. The specific objectives were to determine the optimal patrol efforts necessary to reduce illegal wildlife use to minimal; and the influence of the rainfall and seasonal activities on illegal wildlife use. The results indicated that as the patrol efforts increased the encounter with illegal wildlife use also increased until a certain point that the encounter rates started decreasing. Neither rainfall nor seasonal activities influenced the illegal activities and the patrol efforts. The protection staff of rainforest protected areas would work effectively to bring down illegal wildlife off-take to the barest minimum if monitored, quantified and provide feed-back. Illegal wildlife off-take can also be reduced by the protection staff if the original plans are made flexible to be adjusted. Recommendations for further studies have been made.

  20. Male mate location behaviour and encounter sites in a community of tropical butterflies: taxonomic and site associations and distinctions.

    PubMed

    Tiple, Ashish D; Padwad, Sonali V; Dapporto, Leonardo; Dennis, Roger L H

    2010-12-01

    Male mate location behaviour and encounter sites have been studied in 72 butterfly species at Nagpur, India, and related to taxonomy, morphology, habitat and population parameters. Species can be placed in three broad classes of mate location behaviour: invariant patrolling, invariant perching, and perch-patrol, the latter associated with increasing site fidelity, territorial defence and male assemblages. Significant taxonomic differences occur, closely related species tending to share mate location behaviours. Morphological differences are found with heavier and larger butterflies displaying greater site fidelity and territorial defence, and differences occur between individuals of species which both perch and patrol. Invariant patrolling is particularly associated with tracks through vegetation, host planttrack distributions, and high female to male numbers observed on transects; invariant perching is linked more to edge features than patrolling, and to lower population counts on transects. Species which perch-patrol, defend territories and establish male assemblages are associated with more complex vegetation structures, and have encounter sites at vegetation edges, landforms and predictable resource (host plant) concentrations. Attention is drawn to the importance of distinctive mate encounter sites for the conservation of butterfly species' habitats.

  1. The Uses and Impacts of Mobile Computing Technology in Hot Spots Policing.

    PubMed

    Koper, Christopher S; Lum, Cynthia; Hibdon, Julie

    2015-12-01

    Recent technological advances have much potential for improving police performance, but there has been little research testing whether they have made police more effective in reducing crime. To study the uses and crime control impacts of mobile computing technology in the context of geographically focused "hot spots" patrols. An experiment was conducted using 18 crime hot spots in a suburban jurisdiction. Nine of these locations were randomly selected to receive additional patrols over 11 weeks. Researchers studied officers' use of mobile information technology (IT) during the patrols using activity logs and interviews. Nonrandomized subgroup and multivariate analyses were employed to determine if and how the effects of the patrols varied based on these patterns. Officers used mobile computing technology primarily for surveillance and enforcement (e.g., checking automobile license plates and running checks on people during traffic stops and field interviews), and they noted both advantages and disadvantages to its use. Officers did not often use technology for strategic problem-solving and crime prevention. Given sufficient (but modest) dosages, the extra patrols reduced crime at the hot spots, but this effect was smaller in places where officers made greater use of technology. Basic applications of mobile computing may have little if any direct, measurable impact on officers' ability to reduce crime in the field. Greater training and emphasis on strategic uses of IT for problem-solving and crime prevention, and greater attention to its behavioral effects on officers, might enhance its application for crime reduction. © The Author(s) 2016.

  2. Enterococcus species diversity in fecal samples of wild marine species as determined by real-time PCR.

    PubMed

    Medeiros, Aline Weber; Blaese Amorim, Derek; Tavares, Maurício; de Moura, Tiane Martin; Franco, Ana Claudia; d'Azevedo, Pedro Alves; Frazzon, Jeverson; Frazzon, Ana Paula Guedes

    2017-02-01

    Analyses using culture-independent molecular techniques have improved our understanding of microbial composition. The aim of this work was to identify and quantify enterococci in fecal samples of wild marine species using real-time quantitative PCR. Seven Enterococcus species were examined in fecal DNA of South American fur seals (Arctocephalus australis), Subantarctic fur seals (Arctocephalus tropicalis), green turtles (Chelonia mydas), Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus), snowy-crowned tern (Sterna trudeaui), white-backed stilt (Himantopus melanurus), white-chinned petrels (Procellaria aequinoctialis), red knot (Calidris canutus), and black-browed albatross (Thalassarche melanophris). All Enterococcus species evaluated were detected in all fecal samples of wild marine species, with a concentration ranging between 10(6) and 10(12) copies/ng of total DNA. Differences in the enterococci distribution were observed. Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus mundtii were most abundant in marine mammals. Enterococcus faecalis was frequent in green turtle, Magellanic penguin, snowy-crowned tern, red knot, and black-browed albatross. Enterococcus hirae and Enterococcus gallinarum showed elevated occurrence in white-backed stilt, and Enterococcus faecium in white-chinned petrel. This study showed highest diversity of enterococci in feces of wild marine species than currently available data, and reinforced the use of culture-independent analysis to help us to enhance our understanding of enterococci in gastrointestinal tracts of wild marine species.

  3. Seabirds indicate changes in the composition of plastic litter in the Atlantic and south-western Indian Oceans.

    PubMed

    Ryan, Peter G

    2008-08-01

    I compare plastic ingested by five species of seabirds sampled in the 1980s and again in 1999-2006. The numbers of ingested plastic particles have not changed significantly, but the proportion of virgin pellets has decreased 44-79% in all five species: great shearwater Puffinus gravis, white-chinned petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis, broad-billed prion Pachyptila vittata, white-faced storm petrel Pelagodroma marina and white-bellied storm petrel Fregetta grallaria. The populations sampled range widely in the South Atlantic and western Indian Oceans. The most marked reduction occurred in great shearwaters, where the average number of pellets per bird decreased from 10.5 to 1.6. This species migrates between the South and North Atlantic each year. Similar decreases in virgin pellets have been recorded in short-tailed shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris in the Pacific Ocean and northern fulmars Fulmarus glacialis in the North Sea. More data are needed on the relationship between plastic loads in seabirds and the density of plastic at sea in their foraging areas, but the consistent decrease in pellets in birds suggests there has been a global change in the composition of small plastic debris at sea over the last two decades.

  4. Occurrence of Anisakis (Nematoda: Anisakidae) larvae in unusual hosts in Southern hemisphere.

    PubMed

    Shamsi, Shokoofeh; Briand, Marine J; Justine, Jean-Lou

    2017-08-07

    Nematodes belonging to the genus Anisakis are important parasites due to their abundance in seafood and health impacts on humans. In the present study Anisakis larvae were found in a number of uncommon hosts including the Grey petrel, Procellaria cinerea, the Little penguin, Eudyptula minor, Blue-lipped sea krait, Laticauda laticaudata and Spinner shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna. Morphological examination showed nematodes in these animals are Anisakis larval type I. Genetic characterisation suggested that the larva from one Grey petrel was Anisakis berlandi, whereas the other larvae from the second Grey petrel and from the little penguin were Anisakis pegreffii. A number of larvae found in Blue-lipped sea krait and Spinner shark were identified as Anisakis typica. This is the first report of infective stage of Anisakis larvae parasitising hosts other than teleost fish. Understanding of the extent of infection and the pathogenicity of anisakid nematodes in hosts found in the present study is important in the conservation studies and management plans of these hosts. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Bio-inspired group modeling and analysis for intruder detection in mobile sensor/robotic networks.

    PubMed

    Fu, Bo; Xiao, Yang; Liang, Xiannuan; Philip Chen, C L

    2015-01-01

    Although previous bio-inspired models have concentrated on invertebrates (such as ants), mammals such as primates with higher cognitive function are valuable for modeling the increasingly complex problems in engineering. Understanding primates' social and communication systems, and applying what is learned from them to engineering domains is likely to inspire solutions to a number of problems. This paper presents a novel bio-inspired approach to determine group size by researching and simulating primate society. Group size does matter for both primate society and digital entities. It is difficult to determine how to group mobile sensors/robots that patrol in a large area when many factors are considered such as patrol efficiency, wireless interference, coverage, inter/intragroup communications, etc. This paper presents a simulation-based theoretical study on patrolling strategies for robot groups with the comparison of large and small groups through simulations and theoretical results.

  6. An overview of the “Positive Action for Today's Health” (PATH) trial for increasing walking in low income, ethnic minority communities

    PubMed Central

    Wilson, Dawn K.; Trumpeter, Nevelyn N.; St. George, Sara M.; Coulon, Sandra M.; Griffin, Sarah; Van Horn, M. Lee; Lawman, Hannah G.; Wandersman, Abe; Egan, Brent; Forthofer, Melinda; Goodlett, Benjamin D.; Kitzman-Ulrich, Heather; Gadson, Barney

    2012-01-01

    Background Ethnic minorities and lower-income adults have among the highest rates of obesity and lowest levels of regular physical activity (PA). The Positive Action for Today's Health (PATH) trial compares three communities that are randomly assigned to different levels of an environmental intervention to improve safety and access for walking in low income communities. Design and setting Three communities matched on census tract information (crime, PA, ethnic minorities, and income) were randomized to receive either: an intervention that combines a police-patrolled-walking program with social marketing strategies to promote PA, a police-patrolled-walking only intervention, or no-walking intervention (general health education only). Measures include PA (7-day accelerometer estimates), body composition, blood pressure, psychosocial measures, and perceptions of safety and access for PA at baseline, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Intervention The police-patrolled walking plus social marketing intervention targets increasing safety (training community leaders as walking captains, hiring off-duty police officers to patrol the walking trail, and containing stray dogs), increasing access for PA (marking a walking route), and utilizes a social marketing campaign that targets psychosocial and environmental mediators for increasing PA. Main hypotheses/outcomes It is hypothesized that the police-patrolled walking plus social marketing intervention will result in greater increases in moderate-to-vigorous PA as compared to the police-patrolled-walking only or the general health intervention after 12 months and that this effect will be maintained at 18 and 24 months. Conclusions Implications of this community-based trial are discussed. PMID:20801233

  7. Calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus metabolism, and parathyroid-calcitonin function during prolonged exposure to elevated CO2 concentrations on submarines.

    PubMed

    Messier, A A; Heyder, E; Braithwaite, W R; McCluggage, C; Peck, A; Schaefer, K E

    1979-01-01

    Studies of calcium and phosphorus metabolism and acid-base balance were carried out on three Fleet Ballistic Missile (FBM) submarines during prolonged exposure to elevated concentrations of CO2. The average CO2 concentration in the submarine atmosphere during patrols ranged from 0.85% to 1% CO2. In the three studies, in which 9--15 subjects participated, the urinary excretion of calcium and phosphate fell during the first three weeks to a level commensurate with a decrease in plasma calcium and increase in phosphorus. In the fourth week of one patrol, a marked increase was found in urinary calcium excretion, associated with a rise in blood PCO2 and bicarbonate. Urinary calcium excretion decreased again during the 5th to 8th week, with a secondary decrease in blood pH and plasma calcium. During the third patrol, the time course of acid-base changes corresponded well with that found during the second patrol. There was a trend toward an increase in plasma calcium between the fourth and fifth week commensurate with the transient rise in pH and bicarbonate. Plasma parathyroid and calcitonin hormone activities were measured in two patrols and no significant changes were found. Hydroxyproline excretion decreased in the three-week study and remained unchanged in the second patrol, which lasted 57 days. It is suggested that during prolonged exposure to low levels of CO2 (up to 1% CO2), calcium metabolism is controlled by the uptake and release of CO2 in the bones. The resulting phases in bone buffering, rather than renal regulation, determine acid-base balance.

  8. Special report. Some new approaches to hospital parking security--Part II.

    PubMed

    1995-11-01

    In Part I, in the October 1995 issue, we reported on some new developments that were already in use or had promising applications for hospital parking security. These included radio frequency access control systems and mounted horse patrols. In this part, we'll give you details on the use of bicycle patrols. We'll review some federal recommendations for parking security for buildings of all sizes that followed the Oklahoma City bombing. And we'll give details on how a leading parking management company that operates over 30 hospital parking facilities works together with hospital security to maximize both people and asset protection.

  9. Fundamental advancements of the future.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Winblade, R. L.

    1972-01-01

    General aviation encompasses all aviation except air carrier and military. This includes a broad spectrum of aircraft types ranging from amateur-built aircraft to jet transports, and includes missions such as transportation of people and freight, firefighting, power line patrol, agricultural, racing, and police patrol. The time span from discovery to broad utilization is such that for the next decade the majority of the innovations that will show up in the general aviation fleet will be derived from today's research efforts. A second area that has high potential is the modification of technology developments for military and transport aircraft to the needs of general aviation requirements of cost, complexity, and reliability.

  10. Assessment of an Emerging Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ardema, Mark D.

    1979-01-01

    The AIAA's 1979 Lighter-Than-Air (LTA) Systems Technology Conference--the third of the series--was held July 11-13 in Palo Alto, Calif. Highlights of the conference proved to be strong interest in patrol and surveillance airships, particularly for coastal patrol missions, the session devoted to overviews of foreign activity, the luncheon address by Morris B. Jobe, president of Goodyear Aerospace, coincident remarks by RAdm. Manning of the Coast Guard R&D Office and RAdm Seiberlich of the Navy, and presence of the Goodyear advertising airship Columbia.

  11. Integrated Defense: Lessons Learned from Joint Base Balad

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    Lt Col) ESFG STAFF CEM (CMSgt) CD (Lt Col) S1 S2 S3 S4 S1 S2 S3 S4 ECP FPP A1 JISE-B (A2) JDOC (A3) A4 A5 A6 Defense Flightline Security C-RAM Battery...BSZ or host nation partners (IA/IP). Fourth, after approval of the force protection patrol officer in charge ( FPP /OIC), the planning/building stages...begin for the CONOPS. The FPP /OIC, patrol master, and mission planning cell (MPC) begin constructing the mission CONOPS four days out. Squad

  12. JPRS Report, West Europe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-16

    Reported Papandreou Plan for U.S. Bases’ Future 29 JPRS-WER-88-029 16 JUNE 1988 2 SPAIN 29 Spain To Build Patrol Boats for Morocco 29 New...to their family home in Seville rather than his office at Moncloa in Madrid). His popu- larity has ebbed the most, with a rating of only 3.72...who in large measure determine their country’s foreign policy. 13041/06662 SPAIN Spain To Build Patrol Boats for Morocco 35480082a Madrid CAMBIO

  13. Scheduling Coast Guard District Cutters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-09-01

    2G, B-2NY, B-2SAR, C); t - week the cutter assumes the patrol status. COSTO - cost of scheduling cutter i to patrol k; ( 1 if ship i is available for...29262a tII 1 ’• l1 1i ,1111’Iii 1 l l H I ,,,,,,,•~II ,, I.,,,.,,_ I 111 ............ ll Unclassified SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE REPORT...Postgraduate School (If applicable) Naval Postgraduate School 1 55 6c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 7b. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) Monterey

  14. Sealane Defense: An Emerging Role for the JMSDF?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-09-01

    Patrol/ASW Bear F Kashin DDG 4 aircraft May Kotlin DDG 2 Mail 120 Kotlin DD Hormone A Skory DD 10 Haze A Tanker/Recon/ BadgerShips (40) Grisha ’FL 40...Soviet Union. 20 In March of 1980, six Soviet naval vessels and an icebreaker transited the Soya Strait and across the frozen Sea of Okhotsk. As the first...the cooperation of the United States and South Korea, this strait could be controlled using mines and coastal patrols. Control of the Soya (LaPerouse

  15. Assessment of an Emerging Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ardema, Mark D.

    1979-01-01

    The AIAA's 1979 Lighter-Than-Air (LTA) Systems Technology Conference--the third of the series--was held July 11-13 in Palo Alto, Calif. Highlights of the conference proved to be strong interest in patrol and surveillance airships, particularly for coastal patrol missions, the session devoted to overviews of foreign activity, the luncheon address by Morris B. Jobe, president of Goodyear Aerospace, coincident remarks by RAdm. Manning of the Coast Guard R&D Office and RAdm Seiberlich of the Navy, and presence of the Goodyear advertising airship Columbia.

  16. Operation Borderstar Field Evaluation of the Ration, Lightweight, 30-Day

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-05-01

    Cinnamon Blueberry Pecan Chocolate Chip Chocolate Halva Chocolate Bar* Patrols 7.2 (1.7) 7.6 (1.1) 8.0 (1.0) 8.3 (1.3) 6.2 (2,0) 6.9 (2.0...Escalloped Potatoes Beef £1 Vegetables Chicken a la King Dessert Bars Oatmeal Granola Fig Bar Chocolate Pudding Vanilla Pudding Beverages...Orange Beverage Beef Jerky Pepperoni Chocolate Bar Patrols Command & Control/Radio Corabined 5.8 (0.9) 6.S (1.2) 6.1 (1.1) 6.4 (1.7) 6.2 (1.9

  17. On the Optimal Detection of an Underwater Intruder in a Channel using Unmanned Underwater Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-14

    the motion of the patrollers using ordinary differential equations . This formu- lation leads to an optimal control problem with solution trajectories...or, as ∆t tends to zero, by solving the parameterized differential equation dpk(y, t) dt = −pk(y, t)rk(x̂k(t), y, t), pk(y, 0) = 1, (3) with solution...by their dynamics, in differential equation form, and available control action. Thus we assume that the positions of the patrollers are states of a

  18. 9. View toward northeast, southwest oblique of perimeter acquisition radar ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. View toward northeast, southwest oblique of perimeter acquisition radar building showing, from left to right, fuel oil pump station, cooling towers, power plant, and diesel intake/exhaust - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  19. 8. View toward northeast, southwest oblique of perimeter acquisition radar ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. View toward northeast, southwest oblique of perimeter acquisition radar building showing accessway #101 leading into par power plant from service road B in foreground - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  20. Failure to Launch?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asquith, Christina

    2006-01-01

    When reporters from the Arabic news channel Aljazeera International traveled on assignment to Crosby, North Dakota, they did not receive a warm welcome from locals. Instead, someone called the sheriff, who then reported possible terrorist activity to the U.S. Border Patrol. After a brief interrogation, agents confirmed that they were American…

  1. The snowmobile

    Treesearch

    John W. Hetherington

    1971-01-01

    As use of the snowmobile has increased - nearly 1 1/2 million now in use - the development and maintenance of snowmobile use areas has become a concern. A study made by Bombardier, Ltd., calls attention to safety problems, costs, trail design and maintenance, sign systems, rules and aids for snowmobilers, safety patrols and other services, and safeguards for the...

  2. Learned Tactics for Asset Allocation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    function is analogous to a symmetric chemical gradient. Each 4 such component function also creates a novel geomet- ric coordinate frame within which...ment, 1990. [36] A. Marino, L. Parker , G. Antonelli, and F. Cac- cavale. Behavioral control for multi-robot perimeter patrol: A finite state automata

  3. 33 CFR 104.285 - Security measures for monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) Assigning additional personnel as security lookouts; (5) Coordinating with boat patrols, when provided; and...) Preparing for underwater inspection of the hull; and (7) Initiating measures, including the slow revolution of the vessel's propellers, if practicable, to deter underwater access to the hull of the vessel. ...

  4. 33 CFR 104.285 - Security measures for monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) Assigning additional personnel as security lookouts; (5) Coordinating with boat patrols, when provided; and...) Preparing for underwater inspection of the hull; and (7) Initiating measures, including the slow revolution of the vessel's propellers, if practicable, to deter underwater access to the hull of the vessel. ...

  5. 33 CFR 104.285 - Security measures for monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) Assigning additional personnel as security lookouts; (5) Coordinating with boat patrols, when provided; and...) Preparing for underwater inspection of the hull; and (7) Initiating measures, including the slow revolution of the vessel's propellers, if practicable, to deter underwater access to the hull of the vessel. ...

  6. 33 CFR 104.285 - Security measures for monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) Assigning additional personnel as security lookouts; (5) Coordinating with boat patrols, when provided; and...) Preparing for underwater inspection of the hull; and (7) Initiating measures, including the slow revolution of the vessel's propellers, if practicable, to deter underwater access to the hull of the vessel. ...

  7. 33 CFR 104.285 - Security measures for monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) Assigning additional personnel as security lookouts; (5) Coordinating with boat patrols, when provided; and...) Preparing for underwater inspection of the hull; and (7) Initiating measures, including the slow revolution of the vessel's propellers, if practicable, to deter underwater access to the hull of the vessel. ...

  8. Semiannual Report to the Congress. April 1, 2012 - September 30, 2012

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    disabled and three personnel wounded in action. The clearance patrol collected and packaged the IED rem - nants and transferred them to the Afghani...mission, investigating such crimes as terrorism, espionage and computer intrusion . In the combating terrorism arena, NCIS provides both offensive and

  9. Applying the Theory and Techniques of Situational Criminology to Counterinsurgency Operations: Reducing Insurgency Through Situational Prevention

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    absence of a capable guardian to prevent the crime. Routine activity theory always assumes a likely offender exists, and focuses on targets, guardianship ... Guardianship Deterrence Patrolling , Take Routine Precautions 2. Assist Natural Surveillance Lighting, Defensible Space Design, Hotline...situational prevention to reduce gang violence.46 At the time OCDS was conducted, many criminologists and law enforcement officials doubted that

  10. Crash Injury Management for Traffic Law Enforcement Officers; Emergency Medical Services; Course Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleven, Arlene M.

    The course guide has been prepared to aid in planning and conducting a training program in emergency medical care for first responders to traffic accidents (expected to be patrolling law enforcement officers). This document contains a detailed description of the training program; suggestions for course planning including class size, scheduling…

  11. United States Coast Guard 2010 Posture Statement: With 2011 Budget in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    Patrol Forces South West Asia) in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom in FY 2009. Additionally, MK1 Roberts has been a Boarding Team Member for ten ...recently selected as the Coast Guard recipient for the United Service Organizations ( USO ) Military Leadership Award, which was given to one female

  12. Characterization of the Steady Wave Field of the High Speed Transom Stern Ship - Model 5365 Hull Form

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWCCD.) The R/ V Athena is a converted PG-84 Asheville-class patrol gunboat. Measurements of the free-surface were made...12 Part 3: W ave Cuts and V isual Characterization ......................................................... 13 R E S U L T S...20 V id e o ............................................................................................................................. 2 2 CON CLU

  13. Downside Seen in Rush to Hire School-Based Police

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Nirvi

    2013-01-01

    With nightmare visions of a gunman stalking school halls, districts often rush to hire police officers to patrol their campuses after news of a school shooting. Critics of that impulsive response, which has been in high gear nationwide since the Sandy Hook Elementary School shootings in December, acknowledge the concern for student and staff…

  14. 33 CFR 127.711 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Communications. 127.711 Section... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Security § 127.711 Communications. The marine transfer area for LNG must have a means of direct communications between the security patrol and other...

  15. 32 CFR 631.12 - Objectives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Objectives. 631.12 Section 631.12 National...-Installation Operations (Military Patrols and Investigative Activities) and Policy § 631.12 Objectives. The primary objectives of off-installation operations are to— (a) Render assistance and provide information...

  16. Grass Woman Stories. Blackfeet Heritage Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ground, Mary

    During her lifetime Mary Ground, whose Indian name is Grass Woman, has experienced extreme changes in the life of Blackfeet Indians. Born in 1883, she remembers the travois and teepee days as well as the change to reservation life when the reservation was a fenced compound patrolled by the U.S. military. She has seen the decline in the use of…

  17. 33 CFR 100.114 - Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... First Coast Guard District. 100.114 Section 100.114 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District. (a) Regulated area. That area of navigable waters... during the effective period of regulation unless authorized by the Coast Guard patrol commander. (2...

  18. 33 CFR 100.801 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Eighth Coast Guard District. 100.801 Section 100.801 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District. The following regulations apply to the marine... application each year in accordance with 33 CFR 100.15. (a) The Coast Guard may patrol the event area under...

  19. 33 CFR 100.114 - Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... First Coast Guard District. 100.114 Section 100.114 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District. (a) Regulated area. That area of navigable waters... during the effective period of regulation unless authorized by the Coast Guard patrol commander. (2...

  20. 33 CFR 100.114 - Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... First Coast Guard District. 100.114 Section 100.114 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... Fireworks displays within the First Coast Guard District. (a) Regulated area. That area of navigable waters... during the effective period of regulation unless authorized by the Coast Guard patrol commander. (2...

  1. 33 CFR 100.801 - Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Eighth Coast Guard District. 100.801 Section 100.801 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... Annual Marine Events in the Eighth Coast Guard District. The following regulations apply to the marine... application each year in accordance with 33 CFR 100.15. (a) The Coast Guard may patrol the event area under...

  2. Sassafrass conducts an underway refueling operation with the U.S. Coast ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Sassafrass conducts an underway refueling operation with the U.S. Coast Guard patrol boat Kiska. The large fuel capacity of the 180s was sometimes used to extend the range of other U.S. Coast Guard assets - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter SASSAFRASS, Marianas Section, Victor Wharf, Agana Heights, Guam, GU

  3. "Ohio 4-H CARTEENS": Peer Intervention Safety Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cropper, Rebecca J.

    1999-01-01

    Ohio 4-H's CARTEENS seeks to reduce juvenile traffic violations in a program designed and presented by teen peer educators with guidance and technical assistance from the state highway patrol. Teens examined court data to determine content, which includes defensive driving, rural road safety, and dealing with peer pressure. (SK)

  4. The Battle for Leyte Gulf. October 1944. Strategical and Tactical Analysis. Volume V. Battle of Surigao Strait October 24th-25th

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1958-01-01

    Liloan Bay to obtain medical aid for\\ wounded man; and the Limasawa PT’s continued to patrol with PT 190 to the Westward of Li-aao- sawa Island and PT...DESDIV 21 Commander Ishii , Hisashi DD’s WAKABA (F), HATSUSH IMC, HATSUHARU CRIDIV 16 less KITAGAMIk Vice Admiral Sakonju, Naomasa CA AOBA** Captain

  5. Project 1946: Phase II

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    5 Referring to the purchase of eight Soviet OSA-Class fast-attack patrol boats. The P-15 Termit ...1977. The HY-2 Haiying (CSS-C-2 Silkworm) is the Chinese version of the Soviet-manufactured P-15 Termit (SS-N-2 Styx) anti-ship missile adapted for

  6. The Impact of Wildland and Structure Fire Smoke on Ambient Pollution Levels in Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada

    EPA Science Inventory

    An unprecedented wildfire impacted the northern Alberta city of Fort McMurray in May 2016 causing a mandatory evacuation of all residents and resulted in the loss of over 2,400 homes and businesses. An estimated two hectare wildfire was first discovered on May 1 by a fire patrol...

  7. Recovery Act Weekly Video: Upper ALE Building Demolition

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    CH2MHILL Plateau Remediation Company demolition of 6652C Space Science Laboratory. The largest building atop Rattlesnake Mountain, the laboratory served as a nightly radar patrol center as well as a barracks. The Recovery Act funded project is helping reduce the site footprint.

  8. 13. Outer blast door #BD4A/#101 in open positions at entrance ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Outer blast door #BD4A/#101 in open positions at entrance of perimeter acquisition radar building - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  9. 16. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #102, electrical equipment room; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Perimeter acquisition radar building room #102, electrical equipment room; the prime power distribution system. Excellent example of endulum-types shock isolation. The grey cabinet and barrel assemble is part of the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) retrofill project - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  10. Squeal Those Tires! Automobile-Accident Reconstruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caples, Linda Griffin

    1992-01-01

    Methods use to reconstruct traffic accidents provide settings for real life applications for students in precalculus, mathematical analysis, or trigonometry. Described is the investigation of an accident in conjunction with the local Highway Patrol Academy integrating physics, vector, and trigonometry. Class findings were compared with those of…

  11. 33 CFR 334.140 - Chesapeake Bay; U.S. Army Proving Ground Reservation, Aberdeen, Md.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., the patrol boat may operate a distinctive rotating blue and red light, public address system, sound a..., eel pot, crab pot, and all other types of nets fastened by means of poles, stakes, weights, or anchors. Permits to fish and crab within the restricted waters of Aberdeen Proving Ground may be obtained...

  12. 33 CFR 334.140 - Chesapeake Bay; U.S. Army Proving Ground Reservation, Aberdeen, Md.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., the patrol boat may operate a distinctive rotating blue and red light, public address system, sound a..., eel pot, crab pot, and all other types of nets fastened by means of poles, stakes, weights, or anchors. Permits to fish and crab within the restricted waters of Aberdeen Proving Ground may be obtained...

  13. 32 CFR 2001.92 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... security controls sufficient to deter and detect unauthorized entry and movement within the facility..., use of an Intrusion Detection System (IDS), random guard patrols throughout the facility during nonworking hours, closed circuit video monitoring or other safeguards that mitigate the vulnerability of...

  14. 32 CFR 2001.92 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... security controls sufficient to deter and detect unauthorized entry and movement within the facility..., use of an Intrusion Detection System (IDS), random guard patrols throughout the facility during nonworking hours, closed circuit video monitoring or other safeguards that mitigate the vulnerability of...

  15. 32 CFR 2001.92 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... security controls sufficient to deter and detect unauthorized entry and movement within the facility..., use of an Intrusion Detection System (IDS), random guard patrols throughout the facility during nonworking hours, closed circuit video monitoring or other safeguards that mitigate the vulnerability of...

  16. 42. Perimeter acquisition radar building plaque, commemorating parransferral from U.S. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    42. Perimeter acquisition radar building plaque, commemorating parransferral from U.S. Army ballistic missile defense organization to U.S. Air Force aerospace defense command (dated 1 October 1977) - Stanley R. Mickelsen Safeguard Complex, Perimeter Acquisition Radar Building, Limited Access Area, between Limited Access Patrol Road & Service Road A, Nekoma, Cavalier County, ND

  17. USSOCOM Support for Counter Narcotics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-21

    the identified drug runners are caught. Along the same lines, hundreds of National Guardsmen, including Army Special Forces, assisted border patrol...Role in Drug War." Army Times, 13 June 1989, p. 10. Kaplan, John. "Taking Drugs Seriosly." The Public Interest, Summer 1988, No. 92, pp. 32-50. Maze

  18. Downside Seen in Rush to Hire School-Based Police

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Nirvi

    2013-01-01

    With nightmare visions of a gunman stalking school halls, districts often rush to hire police officers to patrol their campuses after news of a school shooting. Critics of that impulsive response, which has been in high gear nationwide since the Sandy Hook Elementary School shootings in December, acknowledge the concern for student and staff…

  19. 78 FR 28167 - Special Local Regulation, Cruce a Nado Internacional de la Bahia de Ponce Puerto Rico, Bahia de...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ... Puerto Rico, a swimming event. The event is scheduled to take place on Sunday, September 1, 2013... navigable waters of the United States during the event. The special local regulation establishes a swim area, where all persons and vessels, except those participating in the race or vessels patrolling the swim...

  20. Application of Remotely Piloted Vehicle (RPV) in monitoring and detecting watershed land use change and problem areas

    Treesearch

    Long-Ming Huang

    2000-01-01

    Improper cultivation of steep mountainous areas in Taiwan contributes to serious erosion and landslides. Regular patrol, detection, and administration of these problem areas has been an extremely difficult due to the steep and dangerous terrain of many of the forested watersheds in Taiwan. A remotely piloted vehicle (RPV) has been developed for various civil and...