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Sample records for pseudotumor fibroso calcificado

  1. Pseudotumor Cerebri

    MedlinePlus

    ... determining whether this is an effect or a cause of the condition. Risk factors The following factors have been associated with pseudotumor cerebri: Obesity Obesity has been associated with pseudotumor cerebri, which ...

  2. Pseudotumor cerebri

    MedlinePlus

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension; Benign intracranial hypertension ... Ferri FF. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension. In: Ferri FF. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2015 . Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2015:640-641. Pless ML. Pseudotumor cerebri. In: Kliegman ...

  3. Paratesticular Fibrous Pseudotumors

    PubMed Central

    Turkan, Sadi; Kalkan, Mehmet; Ekmekcioglu, Ozan; Haltas, Hacer; Sahin, Coskun

    2016-01-01

    Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumors (PFPs) are rare pathologies with quite wide and variable topographic-morphological features. It is difficult to distinguish PFPs from malignant masses. Treatment can be done by resection of the mass. We reported a young patient’s findings about this rare pathology. PMID:27441080

  4. Splenic inflammatory pseudotumor mimicking angiosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Hsu, Chao-Wen; Lin, Chieh-Hsin; Yang, Tsung-Lung; Chang, Hong-Tai

    2008-11-07

    Splenic tumors are rare. Differentiation of the tumors before operation is of great value regarding the outcome. A case of a 32-year-old man with a splenic inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) mimicking splenic angiosarcoma is described. The tumor was highly suspected of being splenic angiosarcoma based on radiological findings preoperatively. However, after splenectomy, histopathological examinations revealed splenic IPT. Splenic IPT and angiosarcoma are rare and often pose diagnostic difficulties because the clinical and radiological findings are obscure. Due to large differences in prognosis, we briefly reviewed the clinical, radiological, and pathological features of both of the tumors.

  5. Splenic inflammatory pseudotumor mimicking angiosarcoma

    PubMed Central

    Hsu, Chao-Wen; Lin, Chieh-Hsin; Yang, Tsung-Lung; Chang, Hong-Tai

    2008-01-01

    Splenic tumors are rare. Differentiation of the tumors before operation is of great value regarding the outcome. A case of a 32-year-old man with a splenic inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) mimicking splenic angiosarcoma is described. The tumor was highly suspected of being splenic angiosarcoma based on radiological findings preoperatively. However, after splenectomy, histopathological examinations revealed splenic IPT. Splenic IPT and angiosarcoma are rare and often pose diagnostic difficulties because the clinical and radiological findings are obscure. Due to large differences in prognosis, we briefly reviewed the clinical, radiological, and pathological features of both of the tumors. PMID:19009664

  6. [Inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung. Case report].

    PubMed

    Santos, Nelson; Guerra, Miguel; Ferreira, Diva; Leal, Francisco; Miranda, José; Shiang, Teresa; Leal, Francisco; Vouga, Luis

    2007-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung is a rare entity, of unknown etiology and variable clinical evolution. The histological variety of this entity makes the diagnosis difficult, which is generally obtained after surgical removal of the lesion. The authors report the clinical case of a 32 years old woman presenting with hemoptysis and radiologic appearance of aspergilloma. The lesion was surgically removed and the diagnosis of inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung was confirmed by pathologic and immunohistochemical analysis.

  7. Pediatric pseudotumor cerebri (idiopathic intracranial hypertension).

    PubMed

    Lessell, S

    1992-01-01

    This review focuses on the features of pseudotumor cerebri in the pediatric age group. There is no sex predilection in children, and obesity does not appear to be an important factor. Infants and young children may present with irritability, apathy, or somnolence, rather than headache. Dizziness and ataxia may also occur. Papilledema is infrequently noted in pediatric patients if the fontanelles are open or the sutures are split. Pre-adolescents appear more likely than adults or adolescents to have manifestations of their pseudotumor cerebri other than headache and papilledema, including lateral rectus pareses, vertical strabismus, facial paresis, back and neck pain. Among the etiologies that are particularly pertinent to children are tetracycline therapy, malnutrition or renutrition, and the correction of hypothyroidism. Children with pseudotumor cerebri are at risk for visual loss and their visual function must be closely monitored. Surgical intervention is imperative when vision is threatened.

  8. [A new case of pseudotumoral renal tuberculosis].

    PubMed

    Sarf, I; Dahami, Z; Dakir, M; Aboutaeib, R; el Moussaoui, A; Joual, A; El Mrini, M; Meziane, F; Benjelloun, S

    2001-01-01

    The incidence of urogenital tuberculosis is still frequent and constitutes a current public health problem in Morocco, a country in which tuberculosis is endemic. The clinical presentation of this form of the disease may be misleading. The pseudotumoral type of renal tuberculosis is extremely uncommon, and in this study this disease has been described in a young patient. The radiological findings suggested the possibility of this lesion being renal cancer. The preliminary diagnosis was corrected and a definitive diagnosis of pseudotumor was made following pathological examination of the surgically-removed kidney.

  9. Hip Arthroplasty Pseudotumors: Pathogenesis, Imaging, and Clinical Decision Making

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Derik L; Morrison, James J

    2016-01-01

    Pseudotumors are a complication of hip arthroplasty. The goal of this article is to review the clinical presentation, pathogenesis, histology, and the role of diagnostic imaging in clinical decision making for treatment, and surveillance of pseudotumors. We will discuss the multimodal imaging appearances, differential diagnosis, associated complications, treatment, and prognosis of pseudotumors, as an aid to the assessment of orthopedic prostheses at the hip. PMID:27195183

  10. Overweight and Obesity in Pediatric Secondary Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Paley, Grace l.; Sheldon, Claire A.; Burrows, Evanette K.; Chilutti, Marianne R.; Liu, Grant T.; Mccormack, Shana E.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To examine the clinical, demographic, and anthropometric patient characteristics of secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome in children and adolescents based on the recently revised diagnostic criteria. Design Retrospective observational case series. Methods Patients seen at a tertiary children's hospital for pseudotumor cerebri syndrome were classified as having either primary idiopathic (n = 59) or secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (n = 16), as rigorously defined by recently revised diagnostic criteria. Outcomes included body mass index Z-scores (BMI-Z), height and weight Z-scores, demographics, and clinical features at presentation, such as headache, sixth nerve palsy, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure. Results In this cohort, the associated conditions and exposures seen in definite secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome included tetracycline-class antibiotics (n = 11), chronic kidney disease (n = 3), withdrawal from chronic glucocorticoids (n = 1), and lithium (n = 1). Other associations observed in the possible secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome group included Down syndrome, vitamin A derivatives, and growth hormone. In comparison with primary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, definite secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome patients were on average older (15.0 vs 11.6 years; P = .003, Mann-Whitney test). According to US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) classifications, 79% of children with secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome were either overweight or obese (36% overweight [n = 5] and 43% obese [n = 6]), as compared to 32% nationally. Conclusions Even when a potential inciting exposure is identified for pediatric pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, the possible contribution of overweight and obesity should be considered. PMID:25447107

  11. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the parotid gland.

    PubMed

    Barrios-Sánchez, Gracia M; Dean-Ferrer, Alicia; Alamillos-Granados, Francisco J; Ruiz-Masera, Juan José; Zafra-Camacho, Francisco M; García de Marcos, José A; Calderón-Bohórquez, José M

    2005-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor is a term that refers to a reactive pseudoneoplastic disorder that can appear in different locations of the human body. The lung is the most frequently affected organ. The etiology is still unknown. It affects individuals of both sexes and of a wide range of ages. The diagnosis is still difficult and it is based on the histological examination of the lesions composed of four cell-types: histiocytes, myofibroblasts, plasma cells and lymphocytes. With regard to the treatment regimes there is no agreement. Treatment ranges from surgical excision to radiotherapy, chemotherapy or steroids. The purpose of this article is to report one case of inflammatory pseudotumor located in the parotid gland and to make a special point of the difficulty in arriving at a correct diagnosis in order to achieve the most adequate treatment.

  12. Pseudotumoral Behçet's disease.

    PubMed

    Alonso, Sara; Riveros-Frutos, Anne; Martínez-Morillo, Melania; Grau-Ferrer, Laia; Carrato, Cristina; Olivé, Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    Behçet's disease is a systemic vasculitis characterized by the presence of oral and genital ulcers. Neurological involvement or neuro-Behçet is an uncommon manifestation. It manifestation has predominance in the male gender appearing 2 to 4 years after the first clinical manifestation. However, neuro-Behçet disease sometimes occurs with pseudotumoral brain lesions. Herein, we present the cases of two patients diagnosed with neuro-Behçet after detection of pseudotumoral brain lesions. A review of the literature is performed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  13. [Pseudotumoral toxoplasmic cystitis revealing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome].

    PubMed

    Ples, Raluca; Méchaï, Frédéric; Champiat, Bernard; Droupy, Stéphane; Huerre, Michel; Guettier, Catherine; Ferlicot, Sophie

    2011-02-01

    A case of bladder toxoplasmosis in a 57-year-old male Caucasian patient was diagnosed with difficulty due to misleading clinical presentation. The patient presented with pollakiuria and urination burning. Imagery showed pseudotumoral thickening of the vesicle wall. Previously unknown status of HIV infection was found positive through the diagnosis of bladder toxoplasmosis. The patient died rapidly from neurological complications. This is the second published case in which bladder toxoplasmosis reveals an HIV infection.

  14. Pseudotumoral hepatic tuberculosis with pericardial abscess.

    PubMed

    Mutreja, Deepti; Nangia, Rattan; Mishra, Pratibha

    2010-01-01

    We report the postmortem findings in a 28-year-old immunocompetent male patient, a rare case of tuberculous liver abscesses with concomitant pericardial abscess in the absence of pleuropulmonary or splenic involvement, who continued to be a diagnostic dilemma. This case report illustrates the difficulty in reaching the correct diagnosis in case of hepatic masses, which are most often confused with carcinoma of the liver, primary or metastatic and, hence, have been aptly referred to as pseudotumoral hepatic tuberculosis in the past.

  15. Inflammatory pseudotumor of spleen: a case report.

    PubMed

    Ugalde, Paúl; García Bernardo, Carmen; Granero, Pablo; Miyar, Alberto; González, Carmen; González-Pinto, Ignacio; Barneo, Luis; Vazquez, Lino

    2015-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor of spleen is an extremely rare benign condition of uncertain etiology that presents with nonspecific symptoms or as an incidental finding in patients studied by other processes. Since the first description in 1984 by Cotelingam and Jaffe, only 114 cases have been reported. We present a case of a fifty-six years old woman with a splenic injury in ultrasound and computed tomography. The patient undergoes laparoscopic splenectomy and the histologic study of the specimen revealed findings consistent with inflammatory pseudotumor of spleen. This rare entity whose pathogenesis is still unknown, can present with nonspecific symptoms. Radiologic studies may lead the diagnosis being useful CT and MRI. The definitive diagnosis is established with the histological findings, characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells with areas of necrosis and fibrosis. There are multiple differentials diagnoses: metastasis, lymphoma, splenic infarction, hemangiomas, vascular malformations, lymphangioma, plasmacytoma, reactive lymphoid hyperplasia, abscess and infectious granulomatous processes; therefore suspicion of malignant neoplasm must be considered, being indicated splenectomy to confirm the diagnosis. Inflammatory pseudotumor of spleen is a benign disease, in which diagnostic approach must bear in mind the possibility of a malignant lesion. For this reason, the surgical approach is appropriate to confirm the diagnosis and rule out malignancy with histology. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  16. [Pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor: difficulties in diagnosis and prognosis].

    PubMed

    Ayadi-Kaddour, Aïda; Abid, Leïla; Braham, Emna; Saïji, Essia; Ismail, Olfa; Smati, Belhassen; Kilani, Tarek; El Mezni, Faouzi

    2006-03-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumors are uncommon benign lesions of the lung of unknown origin, that may show aggressive behavior. Although pseudotumors constitute less than 1% of all lung tumors, they are reported to be the most common cause of solitary lung masses in children. Complete resection, when possible, is safe and leads to excellent survival. The case presented here highlights difficulties in clinical and histologic diagnosis.

  17. Pseudotumor Cerebri and Implanon: Is Rapid Weight Gain the Trigger?

    PubMed Central

    Kassen, Nirusha; Wells, Cait-lynn; Moodley, Anand

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The relationship between pseudotumor cerebri and contraceptive drugs is controversial. Its association with Implanon, an implantable single-rod contraceptive containing etonogestrel (a progestogen) has not been reported but is the subject of many medico-legal cases. The authors present two case reports of patients using Implanon and who subsequently developed pseudotumor cerebri. Rapid weight gain rather than direct hormonal influence is probably the trigger. Headaches, visual obscurations, and rapid weight gain in patients using Implanon should alert one to the probable diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri. PMID:27928370

  18. Pseudotumor Cerebri and Implanon: Is Rapid Weight Gain the Trigger?

    PubMed

    Kassen, Nirusha; Wells, Cait-Lynn; Moodley, Anand

    2015-12-01

    The relationship between pseudotumor cerebri and contraceptive drugs is controversial. Its association with Implanon, an implantable single-rod contraceptive containing etonogestrel (a progestogen) has not been reported but is the subject of many medico-legal cases. The authors present two case reports of patients using Implanon and who subsequently developed pseudotumor cerebri. Rapid weight gain rather than direct hormonal influence is probably the trigger. Headaches, visual obscurations, and rapid weight gain in patients using Implanon should alert one to the probable diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri.

  19. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the kidney: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Inflammatory pseudotumors, also known as inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors, are uncommon benign tumors of unknown etiology which may develop at several anatomical sites. In the urogenital tract, inflammatory pseudotumor usually affects the urinary bladder or the prostate. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the kidney is very rare. It is considered as a reactive inflammatory lesion that features very good prognosis. Case presentation We present the case of a 57-year-old Moroccan man who presented with a two-month history of gross hematuria and left lumbar pain. Imaging investigations revealed a left kidney mass and pathological examination of the nephrectomy specimen showed an inflammatory pseudotumor. Conclusion As the preoperative definitive diagnosis of such a tumor is not possible, surgery is advised because only pathological examination of the nephrectomy specimen can establish the diagnosis with certainty. From one case report and literature review, the authors suggest a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for the management of this rare tumor. PMID:21864369

  20. [Fibrous pseudotumor of the vaginalis testis: report of a case].

    PubMed

    Joual, A; Rabii, R; Guessous, H; Benjelloun, M; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    2000-06-01

    In this study, the authors have reported a case of a benign fibrous pseudotumor of the tunica vaginalis testis in a 24-year old man who was admitted with a left scrotal mass. Scrotal ultrasound and surgical investigation demonstrated the presence of a left testicular tumor; radical orchiectomy was performed by inguinal route. Microscopic examination revealed a pseudotumor of the testicular tunica vaginalis. As this is an uncommon lesion and preoperative diagnosis is difficult, unnecessary radical orchidectomy is often carried out.

  1. [Hepatic tuberculosis of the pseudotumoral form].

    PubMed

    Diouf, M L; Dia, D; Ka, E H; Diouf, B; Mbengue, M; Moreira-Diop, T

    1999-01-01

    The authors report a case of a 30 years old immunocompetent woman with liver tuberculosis with an unusual pseudotumoral presentation and secondary occurrence of abcedation with cutaneous fistulization. The diagnosis was based on the bacteriological positivity for acido-alcoolo resistant bacillus in pus of the abscess obtained by ponction guided by ultrasonographic examination. The authors emphasize in the differential diagnosis with the other causes of liver abscess (amibiasis and pyogenic microorganisms) and liver carcinoma. They also note the importance of the function guided by ultrasonographic examination permitting histologic and bacte+ériologic study in the diagnosis of this unusual presentation of liver tuberculosis. The patient was treated by antibacillary antibiotics and evacuation function. The prognostic was good with 6 months of follow-up.

  2. Nasal hemophilic pseudotumor in a patient with mild hemophilia A and allergic rhinitis.

    PubMed

    Ogata, Yoshiyasu; Monji, Mikio; Kai, Keita; Matsuo, Muneaki

    2017-02-01

    Hemophilic pseudotumor is a rare complication, even in patients with severe hemophilia. Herein we report on a case of hemophilic pseudotumor in a patient with mild hemophilia A and allergic rhinitis, initially suspected to be a nasal tumor. The pseudotumor was cured by supplementation with recombinant factor VIII concentrates, and medication for allergic rhinitis. Pseudotumor should always be considered in hemophiliac patients, even in those with only mild deficiency of coagulation factors.

  3. MR Imaging of Orbital Inflammatory Pseudotumors with Extraorbital Extension

    PubMed Central

    Jung, So Lyung; Kim, Bum Soo; Ahn, Kook Jin; Kim, Young Joo; Jung, Ae Kyung; Park, Chan Sub; Song, Soon-Young; Park, Noh Hyuck; Kim, Mi Sung

    2005-01-01

    Objective To demonstrate a variety of MR imaging findings of orbital inflammatory pseudotumors with extraorbital extension. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed the MR features of five patients, who were diagnosed clinically and radiologically as having an orbital inflammatory pseudotumor with extraorbital extension. Results The types of orbital pseudotumors were a mass in the orbital apex (n = 3), diffuse form (n = 2), and myositis (n = 1). The extraorbital extension of the orbital pseudotumor passed through the superior orbital fissure in all cases, through the inferior orbital fissure in two cases, and through the optic canal in one case. The orbital lesions extended into the following areas: the cavernous sinus (n = 4), the middle cranial fossa (n = 4), Meckel's cave (n = 2), the petrous apex (n = 2), the clivus (n = 2), the pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal fossa (n = 2), the foramen rotundum (n = 1), the paranasal sinus (n = 1), and the infraorbital foramen (n = 1). On MR imaging, the lesions appeared as an isosignal intensity with gray matter on the T1-weighted images, as a low signal intensity on the T2-weighted images and showed a marked enhancement on the post-gadolinium-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (post-Gd-DTPA) T1-sequences. The symptoms of all of the patients improved when they were given high doses of steroids. Three of the five patients experienced a recurrence. Conclusion MR imaging is useful for demonstrating the presence of a variety of extraorbital extensions of orbital inflammatory pseudotumors. PMID:15968146

  4. Orbital inflammatory pseudotumors: etiology, differential diagnosis, and management.

    PubMed

    Espinoza, Gabriela M

    2010-12-01

    Orbital inflammation is typically an idiopathic process that occasionally may be identified with a specific local or systemic disease as the causative agent. Orbital inflammatory pseudotumor (also known as idiopathic orbital inflammation syndrome, orbital pseudotumor, nonspecific orbital inflammation, and orbital inflammatory syndrome) is defined as an idiopathic tumor-like inflammation consisting of a pleomorphic cellular response and a fibrovascular tissue reaction. Various rheumatologic disorders are associated with orbital inflammation and must be ruled out in cases of orbital inflammatory pseudotumor, including Wegener's granulomatosis, giant cell arteritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, and rheumatoid arthritis. The mainstay of therapy is corticosteroid therapy, although there is an increasing trend toward use of antimetabolites, alkylating agents, cytotoxic agents, and other immunosuppressive agents.

  5. Inflammatory Pseudotumor Originating from the Right Ventricular Outflow Tract

    PubMed Central

    Khalid, Umair; Lakkis, Nasser; Tabbaa, Rashed

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Inflammatory pseudotumor is an uncommon entity, and its cardiac origin is exceedingly rare. Case History. A previously healthy 27-year-old man was found to have a systolic murmur during preemployment screening evaluation. A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed a 4 × 2.5 cm mass originating from the right ventricle (RV) outflow tract extending into the aortic root. A computed tomography guided biopsy confirmed an IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor. Patient was started on oral prednisone with subsequent reduction in mass size. Conclusion. Cardiac inflammatory pseudotumors are markedly rare tumors that should be considered in the differential of intracardiac tumors which otherwise includes cardiac fibromas, myxomas, and sarcomas. PMID:28003915

  6. [Pseudotumorous cardiac infiltration in a patient with acute monoblastic leukemia].

    PubMed

    Orts, M; Ribera, J M; Calatrava, A; Larrouse, E; Catalán, R; Navarro, J T; Millá, F; Feliu, E

    1996-04-13

    Although cardiac infiltration is common in advanced stage of acute leukaemia, it is not usually diagnosed at life and it is extremely rare for it to become pseudotumoral. A 25-years-old patient with an acute monoblastic leukaemia who had a leukaemic infiltration which affected the main part of the left ventricle at the time of diagnosis, is referred. The heart infiltration was detected by a two dimension echocardiography. In spite of a massive infiltration, heart failure was not present and the left ventricle's ejection fraction was 50%. Even though chemotherapy was administered, the patient died four days after diagnosis due to septic shock of respiratory origin. The most relevant autopsy finding was a widespread pseudotumoral infiltration of the left ventricle, the back side of the right ventricle and the interventricular wall. The pseudotumoral infiltration of the heart by acute leukaemia is uncommon and must be differentiated from granulocytic sarcoma. The usefulness of the different diagnostic procedures is discussed.

  7. Pseudotumoral acute cerebellitis associated with mumps infection in a child.

    PubMed

    Ajmi, Houda; Gaha, Mehdi; Mabrouk, Sameh; Hassayoun, Saida; Zouari, Noura; Chemli, Jalel; Abroug, Saoussen

    2017-08-16

    Pseudotumoral cerebellitis in childhood is an uncommon presentation of cerebellitis mimicking a brain tumor. It often follows an inflammatory or infectious event, particularly due to varicella virus. Patients could have a wide clinical spectrum on presentation. Some patients may be asymptomatic or present at most with mild cerebellar signs, whereas others may suffer severe forms with brainstem involvement and severe intracranial hypertension mimicking tumor warranting surgical intervention. Imaging techniques especially multimodal magnetic resonance imaging represent an interesting tool to differentiate between posterior fossa tumors and acute cerebellitis. We describe a case of pseudotumoral cerebellitis in a 6-year-old girl consequent to mumps infection and review the literature on this rare association.

  8. Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor: A case series

    PubMed Central

    Calomeni, Guilherme D.; Ataíde, Elaine B.; Machado, Ricardo R.; Escanhoela, Cecília A.F.; Costa, Larissa B.E.; Boin, Ilka F.F.

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare lesion consisted of inflammatory and myofibroblastic cells. These lesions may be found in different organs. There are less than 300 described cases. PRESENTATION OF CASE Case 1. 64-year-old cirrhotic male with a palpable epigastric mass. CT showed a lesion in liver segments 2 and 3 and left hepatic artery aneurism. Percutaneous embolization and wide spectrum antibiotics were tried, however the lesion grew. Left lateral hepatectomy was performed, and HIPT diagnosed. The patient died due to multiple organ dysfunction. Case 2. 30-year-old male with abdominal pain and fever. CT showed a hepatic hilar lesion. Surgical resection was performed after an ineffectual antibiotic trial, and HIPT was confirmed. The patient is doing well. Case 3. 73-year-old female with abdominal pain and fever. CT showed a 7 cm lesion in the left liver lobe. Unrewarding cancerous screening was performed, and unsuccessful antibiotic course was tried. Resection was performed, and HIPT diagnosed. The patient is doing well. Case 4. 50-year-old cirrhotic male with abdominal pain. CT showed a segment 6 lesion and portal vein thrombosis. Considering cancer as the first hypothesis and the MELD score of 9, segmentectomy was performed. HIPT was the final diagnosis. The patient died due to abdominal sepsis. DISCUSSION HIPT is a lesion with a vast list of differential diagnosis. Antibiotics are the first line of therapy, although surgery is often necessary. Overall prognosis is good, although comorbidities may worsen it. CONCLUSION HIPT is a rare and misleading entity. PMID:23399515

  9. Hepatogastric inflammatory pseudotumor presumably deriving from prior amebic infection.

    PubMed

    Alfieri, Rita; Alaggio, Rita; Ruol, Alberto; Castoro, Carlo; Cagol, Matteo; Michieletto, Silvia; Pomerri, Fabio; Acquaviva, Antonio; Ancona, Ermanno

    2008-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor is a rare entity with a clinical and radiographic presentation that is difficult to differentiate from malignancy. This is a case report of a large hepatogastric inflammatory pseudotumor that presumably developed from a prior amebic pseudocyst. A 14-year-old boy presented with increasing vomiting, epigastric pain, dysphagia, asthenia and weight loss. The clinical history included an amebic infection at the age of 2 months. Instrumental investigations revealed an 8 x 6 cm left subdiaphragmatic mass inseparable from the gastric fundus, which appeared to infiltrate the left hepatic lobe. Surgery disclosed a bulky mass adhering to the gastric fundus and left hepatic lobe that prompted total gastrectomy, resection of the second and third hepatic segments, and Roux-en-Y esophagojejunal loop anastomosis. Histology subsequently confirmed that this was a pseudocyst with a large calcified nucleus surrounded by myofibroblastic proliferation associated with a diffuse lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate affecting the gastric wall and hepatic parenchyma, hence the final diagnosis of inflammatory pseudotumor, presumably in response to a prior amebic pseudocyst. Inflammatory pseudotumor is a rare entity that is seldom found in the stomach. The particular interest of the present case lies in the fact that it developed in the stomach and liver, presumably deriving from a previous amebic pseudocyst.

  10. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver: report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Andreola, S; Cattoretti, G; Lombardi, L; Audisio, R A; Regalia, E; Bosch, J P; Mazzaferro, V; Doci, R

    1990-10-31

    Inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver is a very rare lesion. Herein we describe two cases of this entity which occurred in two women aged 22 and 49 years, respectively. Both cases were considered to be clinically malignant and only the histopathologic examination revealed the non-neoplastic nature of the disease. Ultrastructural and immunohistochemical studies further supported the evidence of a reactive disease.

  11. Pseudotumors and tumors of the temporomandibular joint. A review.

    PubMed

    Poveda-Roda, Rafael; Bagán, José V; Sanchis, José-María; Margaix, María

    2013-05-01

    To review the pseudotumors and tumors of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) published in journals included in Journal Citation Reports (JCR), and to evaluate whether there are clinical and radiological signs capable of differentiating between pseudotumors and tumors and between malignant and benign tumors. A systematic Medline search was made of clinical cases of tumors and pseudotumors of the TMJ covering a 20-year period and published in journals included in JCR. Only cases with histological confirmation were included. A description is provided of the general characteristics of TMJ tumors, with comparison of the clinical, diagnostic, therapeutic and evolutive variables referred to pseudotumors, benign tumors and malignant tumors. We identified 285 TMJ tumors published in 181 articles of 15 journals. The most frequent lesions were pseudotumors (synovial chondromatosis, pigmented villonodular synovitis, eosinophilic granuloma and osteochondroma). The mean age was 42 years and one month ± 16 years and two months. Tumors were more common in females. The mean time from symptoms onset to consultation was 30 months and 8 days ± 41 months and 9 days, and almost 19.6% of the cases initially had been diagnosed and treated as TMJ dysfunction. The most frequent clinical manifestations were pain, swelling and the limitation of joint movements. The most common radiological findings in the case of benign and malignant lesions were radiopacities and radiotransparencies, respectively. No panoramic X-ray alterations were observed in 14.6% of the benign tumors and in 7.7% of the malignant lesions. Surgery was the usual form of treatment. Sequelae were recorded in 18.2% of the cases, with tumor relapse in 9.1%. The four-year survival rate in the case of malignant tumors was 72.2%.

  12. The natural history of inflammatory pseudotumors in asymptomatic patients after metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Almousa, Sulaiman A; Greidanus, Nelson V; Masri, Bassam A; Duncan, Clive P; Garbuz, Donald S

    2013-12-01

    Although pseudotumors have been reported in 32% of asymptomatic metal-on-metal hips, the natural history of asymptomatic pseudotumors is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess changes over time in asymptomatic pseudotumors and the effect of revision on pseudotumor mass. Followup ultrasound was performed a mean of 25.8 months (range, 21-31 months) after the detection of 15 pseudotumors and five isolated fluid collections in a cohort of 20 asymptomatic patients (13 metal-on-metal, three metal-on-polyethylene, and four hip resurfacings) [42]. Changes in pseudotumors and fluid collections size and nature, and serum ion levels were determined. Among the 15 nonrevised patients, pseudotumors increased in size in six (four solid and two cystic) of 10 patients, three of which had clinically important increases (13-148 cm(3); 28-74 cm(3); 47-104 cm(3)). Three pseudotumors (one solid and two cystic) disappeared completely (the largest measured 31 cm(3)). One solid pseudotumor decreased in size (24 to 18 cm(3)). In five revised patients, pseudotumors completely disappeared in four patients. The fifth patient had two masses that decreased from 437 cm(3) to 262 cm(3) and 43 cm(3) to 25 cm(3). All revision patients had a reduction of chromium (40.42 μ/L to 2.69 μ/L) and cobalt ions (54.19 μ/L to 0.64 μ/L). Of five isolated fluid collections, four completely disappeared (two metal-on-metal and two metal-on-polyethylene) and one (metal-on-metal) increased from 26 cm(3) to 136 cm(3). Our observations suggest pseudotumors frequently increase in size in asymptomatic patients with occasional remission of small masses. Revision resulted in remission of pseudotumors.

  13. Multimodal Treatment of Skull Base Inflammatory Pseudotumor: Case Report.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sang Gun; Shin, Il Young; Hwang, Hyung Sik; Choi, Il

    2015-10-01

    lnflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare, non-neoplastic inflammatory process. It is most commonly occurs in the orbit, but extension into brain parenchyma is uncommon. In a confirmed case of IPT, most cases show good improvement with steroid theraphy. A 50-year-old man with progressive left-eye visual disturbance and mass lesion was admitted in a hospital. A left orbital mass biopsy revealed what was highly suspected as an inflammatory pseudotumor. Steroid pulse therapy with dexamethasone, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy with amphotericin B were performed, but they were not effective in improving the condition of the patient. Revision open surgery was then performed. A follow-up brain enhancement computerized tomography showed an enlarged mass volume and hydrocephalus with periventricular enhancement. As an additional procedure, ventriculoperitoneal shunt and tuberculosis medication were administered. About 2 weeks later, clinical symptoms and radiologic findings improved. We present a case of intra-cranial IPT and discuss further treatment methods.

  14. [A Case of Inflammatory Pseudotumor of the Mammary Gland].

    PubMed

    Goto, Wataru; Kashiwagi, Shinichiro; Takada, Koji; Asano, Yuka; Morisaki, Tamami; Takashima, Tsutomu; Noda, Satoru; Onoda, Naoyoshi; Ohsawa, Masahiko; Hirakawa, Kosei; Ohira, Masaichi

    2016-11-01

    A 52-year-old woman visited our hospital with a chief complaint of a mass in the left breast. Palpation revealed a mass approximately 3 cm in diameter located on the outer aspect of the left breast. Breast ultrasound revealed a hypoechoic area with an indistinct border, which suggested breast cancer or mastitis. A needle biopsy revealed no evidence of malignancy, and granulomatous mastitis was diagnosed. Antibiotic therapy showed no improvement; therefore, we began prednisolone treatment for the patient. The mass diameter decreased over the subsequent 5 months after initiating this treatment, and we decreased the dose of prednisolone gradually. At present, when 8 months have elapsed after the diagnosis, the patient is doing well without any aggravation of signs or symptoms. The pathological findings of an inflammatory pseudotumor and granulomatous mastitis is similar, relatively rare benign diseases. As the inflammatory pseudotumor has clinical features resembling those of breast cancer, it is an important clinical entity.

  15. Pseudotumor due to metallosis after total elbow arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Rotini, Roberto; Bettelli, Graziano; Cavaciocchi, Michele; Savarino, Lucia

    2017-01-01

    The incidence of primary total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) in young patients is increasing. The indications for revision surgery are also rising. Here, we report a rare case of pseudotumor detected in a patient 16 years after TEA. Intraoperative findings revealed a necrotic mass characterized by a conspicuous metallosis in the soft tissues around the prosthesis, which caused ulnar nerve dislocation. Due to this anatomical change, a lesion of the nerve was accidentally produced during revision surgery. The case report emphasizes that the indications for elbow replacement, as well as the patient education about the permanent physical limitations, should be carefully considered. Moreover, the high risks of complications related to the revision procedure and pseudotumor removal need to be addressed before surgery. The technique should be done carefully and a preliminary thorough imaging should be performed, since a newly formed mass can cause significant distortion of the anatomy. PMID:28216759

  16. Pseudotumoral form of soft-tissue tuberculosis of the wrist.

    PubMed

    Sbai, Mohamed Ali; Benzarti, Sofien; Msek, Hichem; Boussen, Monia; Khorbi, Adel

    2016-03-01

    Tuberculosis is a major public health problem in developing countries. Hand and wrist is a rare localization for extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, a pseudotumoral form of soft tissue tuberculosis of the wrist is exceptional. We report the case of a 45-year-old male presenting with a painful swelling of the dorsal aspect of the right wrist evolving for six months. Clinical study was evoking a ganglion cyst of the wrist. Intraoperatively a pseudotumoral mass with rice bodies was found, suggesting tuberculous tenosynovitis. The histopathological study revealed caseating giant cell granulomas with epithelioid cells. Cultures on Löwenstein-Jensen medium detected Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Synovectomy with removal of all the rice bodies followed by anti-tuberculous chemotherapy provided uneventful recovery.

  17. Inflammatory pseudotumor: A gallium-avid mobile mesenteric mass

    SciTech Connect

    Auringer, S.T.; Scott, M.D.; Sumner, T.E. )

    1991-08-01

    An 8-yr-old boy with a 1-mo history of culture-negative fever and anemia underwent gallium, ultrasound, and computed tomography studies as part of the evaluation of a fever of unknown origin. These studies revealed a mobile gallium-avid solid abdominal mass subsequently proven to be an inflammatory pseudotumor of the mesentery, a rare benign mass. This report documents the gallium-avid nature of this rare lesion and discusses associated characteristic clinical, pathologic, and radiographic features.

  18. Benign paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor with malignant clinical features.

    PubMed

    Khallouk, Abdelhak; Ahallal, Youness; Tazi, Elmehdi; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Elfassi, Mohammed Jamal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2011-01-01

    Paratesticular tumors are rare intrascrotal masses that grow mainly in structures containing connective tissue around the testis, epididymis, or spermatic cord. We report here on a case of a 55-year-old man with a mass in the hemiscrotum that was found to be a paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor in the orchiectomy specimen pathologic examination. From this case report and literature review, a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy is demonstrated for the management of this uncommon lesion.

  19. Benign Paratesticular Fibrous Pseudotumor With Malignant Clinical Features

    PubMed Central

    Khallouk, Abdelhak; Ahallal, Youness; Tazi, Elmehdi; Tazi, Mohammed Fadl; Elfassi, Mohammed Jamal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

    2011-01-01

    Paratesticular tumors are rare intrascrotal masses that grow mainly in structures containing connective tissue around the testis, epididymis, or spermatic cord. We report here on a case of a 55-year-old man with a mass in the hemiscrotum that was found to be a paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor in the orchiectomy specimen pathologic examination. From this case report and literature review, a diagnostic and therapeutic strategy is demonstrated for the management of this uncommon lesion. PMID:22232570

  20. Splenic Inflammatory Pseudotumor-Like Follicular Dendritic Cell Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Vardas, Konstantinos; Manganas, Dimitrios; Papadimitriou, Georgios; Kalatzis, Vasileios; Kyriakopoulos, Georgios; Chantziara, Maria; Exarhos, Dimitrios; Drakopoulos, Spiros

    2014-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen with expression of follicular dendritic cell markers is an extremely rare lesion with only a few cases reported previously. The present study reports on an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen 10 × 8 × 7 cm in size that was incidentally found in a 61-year-old man and increased gradually in size during a period of 3 months. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a well-circumscribed splenic mass, and abdominal computed tomography confirmed the presence of a well-circumscribed isodense lesion in the splenic hilum with inhomogenous enhancement in the early-phase images and no enhancement on delayed-phase contrast-enhanced images. Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen showed a well-defined isodense tumor on T1-weighted images with mildly increased signal intensity on T2-weighted images, and this is only the second study that provides MRI findings of this entity. The patient underwent an uncomplicated open splenectomy for definitive histologic diagnosis. Under microscopic examination, the lesion was an admixture of lymphocytes, plasma cells and spindle cells. In situ hybridization analysis for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) revealed that most of the spindle cells were positive for EBV, and immunochemistry showed the expression of the follicular dendritic cell markers CD21, CD35 and CD23 within the tumor. The diagnosis of inflammatory pseudotumor-like follicular dendritic cell tumor was established. PMID:25076893

  1. Surfinoma: a case report on a pseudotumor developing after a surfing sports injury.

    PubMed

    Squire, Tim; Sherlock, Matthew; Wilson, Peter; Tan, Beng; Hope, Nigel; Anderson, Suzanne E

    2010-12-01

    We describe an unusual pseudotumor of the upper thorax, axillary, and shoulder girdle region with presentation 4 years after a surfing sports injury. We offer the coined term "Surfinoma" to describe a pseudotumor arising from a penetrating piece of fiberglass surf board, which induced a foreign body reaction.

  2. The Efficacy of Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Orbital Pseudotumor

    SciTech Connect

    Matthiesen, Chance; Bogardus, Carl; Thompson, J. Spencer; Farris, Bradley; Hildebrand, Lloyd; Wilkes, Byron; Syzek, Elizabeth; Algan, Ozer; Ahmad, Salahuddin; Herman, Terence

    2011-04-01

    Purpose: To review institutional outcomes for patients treated with external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for orbital pseudotumor. Methods and Materials: This is a single-institution retrospective review of 20 orbits in 16 patients diagnosed with orbital pseudotumor that received EBRT at the University of Oklahoma, Department of Radiation Oncology. Treated patients had a median follow-up of 16.5 months. Results: Fifteen patients (93.7%) were initially treated with corticosteroids. Eight had recurrence after steroid cessation, six were unable to taper corticosteroids completely or partially, and one experienced progression of symptoms despite corticosteroid therapy. Fourteen patients (87.5%) initially responded to radiotherapy indicated by clinical improvement of preradiation symptoms and/or tapering of corticosteroid dose. Mean EBRT dose was 20 Gy (range, 14-30 Gy). Thirteen patients (81.2%) continued to improve after radiation therapy. Patient outcomes were complete cessation of corticosteroid therapy in nine patients (56.3%) and reduced corticosteroid dose in four patients (25%). Radiotherapy did not achieve long-term control for three patients (18.7%), who still required preradiation corticosteroid dosages. Three patients received retreatment(s) of four orbits, of which two patients achieved long-term symptom control without corticosteroid dependence. One patient received retreatment to an orbit three times, achieving long-term control without corticosteroid dependence. No significant late effects have been observed in retreated patients. Conclusions: Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for acute symptomatic improvement and long-term control of orbital pseudotumor. Orbital retreatment can be of clinical benefit, without apparent increase in morbidity, when initial irradiation fails to achieve complete response.

  3. [Pseudotumoral form of sclerochoroidal tuberculosis: a case report].

    PubMed

    Semlali, S; El-Quassar, A; Atmane, M; Benkirane, N; Chakir, N; El-Hassani, Mr; Benchekroune, N; Berraho-Hamani, A; Jiddane, M

    2004-02-01

    The Authors report the US, CT and MR features of sclerochoroidal tuberculosis simulating a choroidal tumor in a 16 Year old female presenting with acute unilateral visual loss. Fundoscopic examination and fluorescein angiography showed a tumor at the posterior pole of the globe. CT and MRI showed the choroidal process and cerebral lesions suggestive of tuberculomas. The evolution was favorable with antituberculous treatment. Ocular tuberculosis is rare, especially the pseudotumoral form. It can simulate a choroidal tumor. Radiologists should be familiar with this appearance because the lesion is reversible with antituberculous treatment.

  4. Pseudotumor associated with metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Scully, William F; Teeny, Steven M

    2013-05-01

    This case report details the presentation, imaging results, and operative findings of a pseudotumor associated with a press-fit metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (THA). An 80-year-old man presented approximately 7 years after undergoing THA with worsening right groin and lateral hip pain with an associated proximal thigh mass. Physical examination demonstrated a tender, large anterolateral thigh mass that was also evident on metal artifact reduction sequence magnetic resonance imaging.An exploratory operative procedure revealed extensive tissue necrosis involving nearly the entire hip capsule, short external rotators, and tendinous portion of the gluteus medius muscle. In addition, marked surface corrosion was discovered about the taper at the head-neck junction of the prosthetic femoral component and the trunnion within the femoral head. The press-fit THA components were solidly fixed. The metallic head was replaced with a ceramic component, and the polyethylene liner was exchanged. The patient had complete resolution of his preoperative symptoms but had persistent problems with dislocations.Although reports of pseudotumor and local soft tissue reactions associated with metal-on-metal THAs have become increasingly ubiquitous in the literature, similar reports involving metal-on-polyethylene THA implants are less common. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  5. Contrast-enhanced power Doppler US in the diagnosis of renal pseudotumors.

    PubMed

    Ascenti, G; Zimbaro, G; Mazziotti, S; Gaeta, M; Lamberto, S; Scribano, E

    2001-01-01

    The term "pseudotumor" is used to refer to several anatomic variants that can simulate a renal mass, the most frequent of which are hypertrophied column of Bertin, persistence of fetal lobation, and the dromedary or splenic hump. We describe the findings of power Doppler US after the ultrasound contrast agent (Levovist, Schering, Berlin, Germany) administration in 4 patients with a renal focal lesion in whom gray-scale and baseline power Doppler US was not able to certainly differentiate pseudotumor from neoplasm.

  6. Follow-up of patients with pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis: Outcome and surveillance

    PubMed Central

    Téllez-Ávila, Félix Ignacio; Villalobos-Garita, Álvaro; Giovannini, Marc; Chan, Carlos; Hernández-Calleros, Jorge; Uscanga, Luis; Ramírez-Luna, Miguel Ángel

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To follow up patients with pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis (PCP) to assess their outcome and identify an optimal surveillance interval. METHODS: Data obtained prospectively were analyzed in a retrospective manner. Patients with clinical evidence of chronic pancreatitis (abdominal pain in the epigastrium, steatorrhea, and diabetes mellitus), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) criteria > 4, and EUS-fine needle aspiration (FNA) were included. A pseudotumor was defined as a non-neoplastic space-occupying lesion, a cause of chronic pancreatitis that may mimic changes typical of pancreatic cancer on CT or endoscopic ultrasound but without histological evidence. A real tumor was defined as a neoplastic space-occupying lesion because of pancreatic cancer confirmed by histology. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients with chronic pancreatitis were included, 26 (74.2%) of whom were men. Nine (25.7%) patients were diagnosed with pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis and two (2/35; 5.7%) patients with pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer on follow-up. The time between the diagnosis of pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic adenocarcinoma was 35 and 30 d in the two patients. Definitive diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma was made by surgery. In the remaining six patients with pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis, the median of follow-up was 11 mo (range 1-22 mo) and they showed no evidence of malignancy on surveillance. In the follow-up of patients without pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis but with chronic pancreatitis, none were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. According to our data, older patients with chronic pancreatitis are at risk of pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis. CONCLUSION: According to characteristics of patient, detection of PCP should lead a surveillance program for pancreatic cancer with EUS-FNA in < 1 mo or directly to surgical resection. PMID:25024616

  7. Inflammatory pseudo-tumor of the liver: a rare pathological entity

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudo-tumor (IPT) of the liver is a rare benign neoplasm and is often mistaken as a malignant entity. Few cases have been reported in the literature and the precise etiology of inflammatory pseudotumor remains unknown. Patients usually present with fever, abdominal pain and jaundice. The proliferation of spindled myofibroblast cells mixed with variable amounts of reactive inflammatory cells is characteristics of IPT. We reviewed the literature regarding possible etiology for IPT with a possible suggested etiology. PMID:21255461

  8. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the thymus: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    ZHANG, ZHEFENG; JIN, FENG; SUN, LIGUANG; WU, HAO; CHEN, BING; CUI, YOUBIN

    2014-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumors are rare benign tumors consisting of cellular and stromal elements of a localized reactive process. While inflammatory pseudotumors are commonly detected in the lung and occasionally in other organs, only one case of inflammatory pseudotumor of the thymus has been reported in the literature to date. This report presents a 54-year-old male patient with inflammatory pseudotumor of the thymus accompanied by pulmonary inflammation. The patient presented with chest pain and moderate fever for 12 days. Enhanced computed tomography of the thorax revealed an anterior mediastinal solid and cystic mass, which constricted the left brachiocephalic vein accompanied by bilateral lung inflammation and marginal pleural effusion. The patient underwent a median sternotomy for the surgical removal of the mass. Histologically, the resected mass was composed of necrotic and fibrous tissues and inflammatory infiltrates, and the diagnosis was confirmed as an inflammatory pseudotumor of the thymus. The patient’s symptoms were resolved following surgery and the patient remained asymptomatic during the six-month follow-up period. In addition, we reviewed the previous literature and discussed the diagnosis and management of our patient. This report provides further insights into the pathogenesis and underlying mechanisms of inflammatory pseudotumors of the thymus to aid in the diagnosis and development of effective therapies. PMID:24765147

  9. Mycobacterial pseudotumor of the plantar fascia: how common is it?

    PubMed

    Sideras, Panagiotis A; Heiba, Sherif; Machac, Josef; Hechtman, Jaclyn; Vatti, Sridhar

    2013-01-01

    Mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumor (MSCP) is an extremely rare complication of mycobacterial infections. It has been reported to occur in various sites such as skin, lymph nodes, bone marrow, lungs, and spleen. This tumor-like lesion can be confused clinically as well as radiographically with dermatofibroma, nodular fasciitis, xanthogranuloma, and Kaposi's sarcoma. While this lesion is rare and has been previously reported to occur only in superficial skin, we emphasize its consideration and inclusion in the differential diagnoses when a deep soft tissue mass is complicated by symptoms of deep tissue infection secondary to abscess formation in immunocompromised hosts. Here, we present the clinical and radiologic findings of a case of MSCP involving the deep plantar sheaths.

  10. Huge Hepatic Fungal Inflammatory Pseudotumor Misdiagnosed as Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Xian, Meng Fei; Lan, Wen Tong; Huang, Hui; Zeng, Dan; Xu, Zuo Feng

    2017-09-01

    Fungal inflammatory pseudotumor (FIPT) of the liver is a rare disease that may be mistaken for a malignant tumor. It is difficult to diagnose because of its nonspecific clinical and imaging features. We report the case of a 46-year-old Asian man who presented with a mass in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. The patient had undergone transcatheter arterial chemoembolization therapy at another institution 6 months earlier, but the mass had continued to enlarge. He had no history of chronic hepatitis B, and the serum α-fetoprotein was negative. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and computed tomography images were suggestive of hepatocellular carcinoma. However, ultrasound-guided biopsy revealed features of chronic inflammation. The mass was resected and found to be an FIPT. We discuss the details of the case and review related articles.

  11. Inflammatory pseudotumor presenting as fever of unknown origin.

    PubMed

    Fisher, R G; Wright, P F; Johnson, J E

    1995-12-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is an uncommon benign neoplasm of uncertain etiology that classically has been associated with the lung, where it is generally asymptomatic. In recent years, IPT has been increasingly recognized in other sites. Hepatic, abdominal, and pelvic IPTs produce a spectrum of nonspecific symptoms including fever, malaise, anemia, and weight loss. Because prolonged fever is a prominent feature of extrapulmonary IPT, patients with this condition may first come to the attention of specialists in infectious diseases. We describe an illustrative case of pelvic IPT and discuss its presentation, diagnosis, and treatment; we also suggest that infectious disease specialists should be familiar with this entity as a possible diagnosis for patients with fever of unknown origin.

  12. [Pseudotumor cerebri associated with cyclosporin use following renal transplantation].

    PubMed

    Costa, Kellen Micheline A H; Almeida, José Bruno de; Félix, Ricardo Humberto de M; Silva Júnior, Maurício Ferreira da

    2010-03-01

    Pseudotumor cerebri (PC) is a syndrome characterized by the presence of intracranial hypertension (ICH) and no alteration in the ventricular system. Renal transplanted patients seem more susceptible to develop it due to immunosuppressive therapy. Cyclosporin (CsA) is a rare cause of PC, scarcely reported in the literature, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ICH and papilledema in those patients. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy, with a renal allograft for three years, on chronic use of mycophenolate mophetil (MMF), CsA, and low doses of prednisone. The patient presented with headache, vomiting, diplopia, and photophobia. Funduscopy showed bilateral papilledema. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis and imaging tests were normal. After excluding secondary causes, PC was diagnosed based on the chronic use of CsA, which was then replaced by sirolimus. After that, the patient progressively improved, and the papilledema resolved in three months.

  13. Pseudotumor of the omentum with a fishbone nucleus.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Takatsugu; Hirohashi, Kazuhiro; Iwasaki, Hiroto; Kubo, Shoji; Tanaka, Yoshinori; Yamasaki, Keiichi; Koh, Masae; Uenishi, Takahiro; Ogawa, Masao; Sakabe, Katsu; Tanaka, Shogo; Shuto, Taichi; Tanaka, Hiromu

    2007-04-01

    A 23-year-old Japanese man was admitted with a chief complaint of abdominal pain. He was previously healthy, and his past medical history was unremarkable. Local tenderness and rebound tenderness at McBurney's point were elicited. Abdominal roentgenography was non-diagnostic. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a tumor with a central core. Based on a diagnosis of appendicitis with omental inflammation or an omental tumor, laparotomy performed. Intraoperatively, no site of gastrointestinal perforation was detected; however, a 5-cm omental granuloma was identified that proved to have a fishbone nucleus on pathological examination. The postoperative course was uneventful, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and barium enema were unremarkable. A large solitary omental pseudotumor is rare, and the clinical course in this case was atypical compared with the usual course of intestinal perforation by a foreign body and formation of an intra-abdominal granuloma.

  14. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor of pleura: radiologic features in three cases.

    PubMed

    Erasmus, J J; McAdams, H P; Patz, E F; Murray, J G; Pinkard, N B

    1996-01-01

    Our goal was to describe the radiologic features of calcifying fibrous pseudotumor (CEPT) of pleura. Chest radiographs and CT images of three patients, aged 23-34 years, with pathologically proven CFPT of pleura were reviewed with regard to lesion size, location, and appearance. Chest radiographs showed well marginated, noncalcified pleural masses in all cases. Two patients had solitary masses and one had multifocal ipsilateral masses. All masses were located in the inferior aspect of the chest and measured 3-12 cm. All masses were calcified on CT. The calcifications were thick and band-like in two cases and punctate in one. There was no chest wall invasion, pleural effusion, or parenchymal disease. CFPTs of pleura are rare lesions that manifest as calcified pleural masses in young adults.

  15. Pseudotumoral presentation of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation.

    PubMed

    Ronsin, Solène; Deiana, Gianluca; Geraldo, Ana Filipa; Durand-Dubief, Françoise; Thomas-Maisonneuve, Laure; Formaglio, Maïté; Desestret, Virginie; Meyronet, David; Nighoghossian, Norbert; Berthezène, Yves; Honnorat, Jérôme; Ducray, François

    2016-03-08

    To identify the clinical and radiologic features that should raise suspicion for the pseudotumoral presentation of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-I). We retrospectively reviewed the characteristics of 5 newly diagnosed and 23 previously reported patients in whom the CAA-I imaging findings were initially interpreted as CNS neoplasms. Most cases (85%) occurred in patients >60 years old. The clinical characteristics at presentation included subacute cognitive decline (50%), confusion (32%), focal deficits (32%), seizures (25%), and headaches (21%). Brain MRI demonstrated infiltrative white matter lesions that exhibited a loco-regional mass effect without parenchymal enhancement (93%). In general, these findings were interpreted as low-grade glioma or lymphoma. Eighteen patients (64%) underwent a biopsy, which was nondiagnostic in 4 patients (14%), and 6 patients (21%) underwent a surgical resection. The primary reason for the misinterpretation of the imaging findings was the absence of T2*-weighted gradient recalled echo (T2*-GRE) sequences on initial imaging (89%). When subsequently performed (39%), the T2*-GRE sequences demonstrated multiple characteristic cortical and subcortical microhemorrhages in all cases. Perfusion MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), which were performed on a subset of patients, indicated markedly reduced relative cerebral blood flow and a normal metabolic ratio. The identification of one or several nonenhancing space-occupying lesions, especially in elderly patients presenting with cognitive impairment, should raise suspicion for the pseudotumoral presentation of CAA-I and lead to T2*-GRE sequences. Perfusion MRI and MRS appear to be useful techniques for the differential diagnosis of this entity. © 2016 American Academy of Neurology.

  16. Pseudotumoral presentation of cerebral amyloid angiopathy–related inflammation

    PubMed Central

    Ronsin, Solène; Deiana, Gianluca; Geraldo, Ana Filipa; Durand-Dubief, Françoise; Thomas-Maisonneuve, Laure; Formaglio, Maïté; Desestret, Virginie; Meyronet, David; Nighoghossian, Norbert; Berthezène, Yves; Ducray, François

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To identify the clinical and radiologic features that should raise suspicion for the pseudotumoral presentation of cerebral amyloid angiopathy–related inflammation (CAA-I). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the characteristics of 5 newly diagnosed and 23 previously reported patients in whom the CAA-I imaging findings were initially interpreted as CNS neoplasms. Results: Most cases (85%) occurred in patients >60 years old. The clinical characteristics at presentation included subacute cognitive decline (50%), confusion (32%), focal deficits (32%), seizures (25%), and headaches (21%). Brain MRI demonstrated infiltrative white matter lesions that exhibited a loco-regional mass effect without parenchymal enhancement (93%). In general, these findings were interpreted as low-grade glioma or lymphoma. Eighteen patients (64%) underwent a biopsy, which was nondiagnostic in 4 patients (14%), and 6 patients (21%) underwent a surgical resection. The primary reason for the misinterpretation of the imaging findings was the absence of T2*-weighted gradient recalled echo (T2*-GRE) sequences on initial imaging (89%). When subsequently performed (39%), the T2*-GRE sequences demonstrated multiple characteristic cortical and subcortical microhemorrhages in all cases. Perfusion MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), which were performed on a subset of patients, indicated markedly reduced relative cerebral blood flow and a normal metabolic ratio. Conclusion: The identification of one or several nonenhancing space-occupying lesions, especially in elderly patients presenting with cognitive impairment, should raise suspicion for the pseudotumoral presentation of CAA-I and lead to T2*-GRE sequences. Perfusion MRI and MRS appear to be useful techniques for the differential diagnosis of this entity. PMID:26850981

  17. Inflammatory Pseudotumors of the Skull Base: Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Alyono, Jennifer C; Shi, Yangyang; Berry, Gerald J; Recht, Lawrence D; Harsh, Griffith R; Jackler, Robert K; Corrales, C Eduardo

    2015-09-01

    To describe the presentation, treatment, and outcome of inflammatory pseudotumors (IPs) of the skull base. English-language articles in PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE from earliest available through April 2014. Articles were identified using a keyword search for "inflammatory pseudotumor," "inflammatory myofibroblastoma," or "plasma cell granuloma," including a keyword localizing to the skull base. One hundred papers with 157 cases met inclusion criteria. History, tumor site, initial and subsequent treatment, outcomes, and complications were extracted. Student t test, z test, and analysis of variance were used to analyze demographics, symptoms, sites involved, and outcomes. Odds ratios for site versus initial treatment were calculated. At diagnosis, average patient age was 41 years. Approximately 70% of lesions primarily involved the anterior skull base, 29% the lateral skull base, and 1.2% the occiput. The most common initial treatments were steroids (44%), surgery (28%), and surgery with steroids (16%). Anterior lesions were 55.8 times more likely than lateral lesions to be treated initially with steroids (CI, 14.7-212). Seventy-six percent of patients had stable or resolved symptoms after a single course of treatment. Diagnosis of skull base IP requires ruling out other aggressive pathologies, such as malignancy and infection, and maintaining a high index of suspicion. Surgery is favored for lesions that can be removed in toto with minimal morbidity, as well as steroids for those sites where anatomy limits complete resection, such as within the orbit, cavernous sinus, or brain. An option for larger lesions involving vital anatomy is debulking, followed by postoperative steroids.

  18. Prevalence of pseudotumor in asymptomatic patients after metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Williams, Daniel H; Greidanus, Nelson V; Masri, Bassam A; Duncan, Clive P; Garbuz, Donald S

    2011-12-07

    The cause of recently reported pseudotumor formation in patients with metal-on-metal hip replacements is unknown. It has been postulated that there is an association between elevated levels of serum metal ions and pseudotumor formation. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of pseudotumor formation in asymptomatic patients with a metal-on-metal total hip replacement after a minimum duration of follow-up of two years. A secondary purpose was to assess whether a correlation exists between elevated serum metal ion levels and pseudotumor formation. In the present study, the prevalence of pseudotumor formation, as detected with ultrasound, was evaluated for thirty-one asymptomatic patients with a metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty, twenty-four asymptomatic patients with a metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty, and twenty asymptomatic patients with a metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty. Serum levels of cobalt and chromium were measured in the metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty and hip resurfacing arthroplasty groups. Ten patients (32%) in the metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty group had a solid or cystic mass, with another three patients (10%) having a substantial fluid collection. Five patients (25%) in the hip resurfacing arthroplasty group had a solid or cystic mass, with another patient (5%) having a fluid collection. Pseudotumor formation was significantly more frequent in the metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty group compared with the metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty group (p = 0.015). We did not detect a significant correlation between the serum metal ion levels and the size of pseudotumor abnormality. The median serum metal ion level was greater in patients with pseudotumor formation than it was in those without pseudotumor formation, but the difference was not significant. We recommend high-resolution ultrasound surveillance of all asymptomatic patients with a metal-on-metal implant that is known to

  19. Head and neck inflammatory pseudotumor: Case series and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Kansara, Sagar; Bell, Diana; Johnson, Jason; Zafereo, Mark

    2016-12-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor (IP) is an uncommon idiopathic lesion that often imitates malignancy clinically and radiologically. Inflammatory pseudotumors have been found to occur in various sites but rarely in the head and neck. The histopathology, imaging, and treatment of three unique cases of head and neck inflammatory pseudotumors are described in this case series. Patients in Cases 1 and 2 presented with right level II neck mass and left parotid tail mass, respectively. The patient in Case 3 presented with otalgia, jaw pain and trismus, and a left parapharyngeal space mass. The tumors in Cases 1 and 3 significantly decreased in size with tapered courses of oral corticosteroids. The tumor in Case 2 was surgically excised without disease recurrence. Malignancy must be ruled out with incisional or excisional biopsy. Treatment includes surgical excision, oral corticosteroids, or both. The literature shows that radiotherapy and small-molecule inhibitors may be promising alternatives.

  20. [Pseudotumor cerebri secondary to consumption of minocycline in a pediatric patient].

    PubMed

    González Gili, Lucas O; Buffone, Ignacio R; Carrara, Laura E; Coto, María B; Fortunatti, Eliana A; Dejtera, Mabel; García Elliot, María F; Giacone, Alejandra; Luncio, Anabella C; Masnicoff, Sebastián D; Oviedo Crosta, María B; Parroua, Marianela; Romano, Mariana

    2016-04-01

    Pseudotumor cerebri is a syndrome characterized by an elevated intracranial pressure greater than 20 cmH2O with ventricles and cerebrospinal fluid of normal characteristics. Consumption of minocycline have been described among the causes associated with this syndrome. We present a 13-year old female patient with a history of acne treated with minocycline who began with severe headache, diplopia and blurred vision. The diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri was made, indicating the immediate antibiotic suspension and the beginning of the treatment with acetazolamide. Although the pathogenesis of pseudotumor cerebri is not fully known, an association with minocycline has been observed. This antibiotic is often used by health professionals for the management of acne, so it is important to consider its complications before being prescribed.

  1. Management of the hemophilic pseudotumor of the abdomen: A rare pathological entity

    PubMed Central

    López-Gómez, Javier; Contreras, Juan S.; Figueroa-Ruiz, Marco; Servín-Torres, Erick; Velázquez-García, José; Bevia-Pérez, Francisco; Delgadillo-Teyer, Germán

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Hemophilic pseudotumor is a rare complication that occurs in patients with severe hemophilia. Results from multiple episodes of bleeding into the bones and soft tissues. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 31 years old male patient, with severe hemophilia A. Diagnosed with an abdominal tumor 10 years ago during routine screening, that progressively grew to encompass the entire abdominal area, with symptoms of intestinal obstruction. DISCUSSION Hemophilic pseudotumor appears as a painless tumor of slow growth that can compress vital organs producing bone destruction, muscle and skin necrosis. The tumor may have fistulas or break spontaneously. CONCLUSION The abdominal hemophilic pseudotumor is a rare pathological entity, with few reports worldwide, but must be considered in hemophilic patients with a well documented abdominal tumor. PMID:25290383

  2. Retro-Odontoid Pseudotumor without Atlantoaxial Subluxation or Rheumatic Arthritis

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Seung Han; Choi, Hyuk Jin; Cho, Won Ho; Cha, Seung Heon

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of retro-odontoid pseudotumor (ROP) without rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS). A 76-year-old woman presented with paresthesia and weakness of both lower and upper extremities. She had no laboratory or physical findings of RA. Dynamic X-ray showed no AAS and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a retro-odontoid mass compressing the spinal cord. Transdural mass debulking and biopsy were performed via minimal left suboccipital craniectomy and C1 hemilaminectomy. Two months after surgery, her symptoms were aggravated. Follow-up MRI visualized mass re-growth and spinal cord compression due to the mass and AAS. Posterior C1-2 fixation was performed without further decompression. Twelve months after posterior fixation, no symptoms were apparent and follow-up MRI showed complete resolution of the ROP with C1-2 bony fusion. The ROP with C1-2 instability might be completely resolved only C1-2 fusion without decompression. Furthermore, we speculated that osteoarthritis of C1-2 itself causes a partial tear or degradation of the transverse ligament, that induced formation of ROP. PMID:27857933

  3. Cryptococcosis, silicosis, and tuberculous pseudotumor in the same pulmonary lobe*

    PubMed Central

    da Silva, Geruza Alves; Brandão, Daniel Ferracioli; Vianna, Elcio Oliveira; de Sá, João Batista Carlos; Baddini-Martinez, José

    2013-01-01

    Tuberculosis and cryptococcosis are infectious diseases that can result in the formation of single or multiple nodules in immunocompetent patients. Exposure to silica is known to raise the risk of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We report the case of an elderly man with no history of opportunistic infections and no clinical evidence of immunodeficiency but with a six-month history of dry cough and nocturnal wheezing. A chest X-ray revealed a mass measuring 5.0 × 3.5 cm in the right upper lobe. The diagnostic approach of the mass revealed tuberculosis. The histopathological analysis of the surrounding parenchyma reveled silicosis and cryptococcosis. Cryptococcosis was also found in masses identified in the mediastinal lymph nodes. The surgical approach was indicated because of the degree of pleuropulmonary involvement, the inconclusive results obtained with the invasive and noninvasive methods applied, and the possibility of malignancy. This case illustrates the difficulty inherent to the assessment of infectious or inflammatory pulmonary pseudotumors, the differential diagnosis of which occasionally requires a radical surgical approach. Despite the presence of respiratory symptoms for six months, the first chest X-ray was performed only at the end of that period. We discuss the possible pathogenic mechanisms that might have led to the combination of three types of granulomatous lesions in the same lobe, and we emphasize the need for greater awareness of atypical presentations of pulmonary tuberculosis. PMID:24310636

  4. Pseudotumoral encapsulated fat necrosis with diffuse pseudomembranous degeneration.

    PubMed

    Felipo, F; Vaquero, M; del Agua, C

    2004-09-01

    An extraordinary case of encapsulated fat necrosis characterized by its large size, diffuse formation of pseudomembranes, and tendency to recur after excision is reported. A 67-year-old Caucasian woman suffering from morbid obesity was admitted for diagnosis and surgical treatment of a soft tissue mass showing a longest diameter of 14 cm and lying adjacently to the scar from previous appendicectomy. Histopathologic features were consistent with a nodular-cystic encapsulated fat necrosis with diffuse pseudomembranous transformation. Eight months after surgery, a new larger mass (longest diameter of 18 cm) sharing identical histopathologic features appeared in the same location. Encapsulated fat necrosis is a well-defined entity even though several names have been proposed for this condition, including mobile encapsulated lipoma, encapsulated necrosis, or nodular-cystic fat necrosis. Its pathogenesis seems to be related to ischemic changes secondary to previous trauma. It may occasionally show degenerative changes, including dystrophic calcifications and presence of pseudomembranes. To our knowledge, these are the first reported cases of encapsulated fat necrosis presenting as lesions of such size and showing diffuse formation of pseudomembranes; these particular features made diagnosis difficult and led to consideration of a wide range of potential diagnostic possibilities. This case expands the clinico-pathologic spectrum of membranocystic fat necrosis, including the potential ability of this subcutaneous fatty tissue abnormality to recur after surgical excision. Felipo F, Vaquero M, del Agua C. Pseudotumoral encapsulated fat necrosis with diffuse pseudomembranous degeneration.

  5. Inflammatory pseudotumors of the liver: experience of 114 cases.

    PubMed

    Yang, Xiaoyu; Zhu, Junjun; Biskup, Ewelina; Cai, Fengfeng; Li, Aijun

    2015-07-01

    Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumors (HIPT) are rare benign neoplasms with unknown etiology and a great potential for mimicry, challenging diagnostics, and treatment features. The aim of the study was to retrospectively analyze the imaging, pathological, and clinical features of HIPT in our large cohort of patients in order to increase the understanding and suggest a scoring system for treatment approaches. Retrospective study analyzed 114 HIPT cases recorded from July 2006 to July 2012, when surgery was performed. Data were compared with chi-square test. In our study population, the mean age was 53.14 ± 10.98 years, with 69 male and 45 female patients. Most presented symptoms were abdominal pain (59/144, 41.0 %), fever (48/114, 42.1 %), abdominal distension (35/144, 24.3 %), and weight loss (12/144, 8.3 %). Laboratory examinations were normal. Sixteen cases were HBsAg positive and 8 had liver cirrhosis. Most of the tumors were located in the right lobe (79/114, 69.3 %), 33 in the left lobe, and 2 in the caudal lobe. Three imaging modalities, such as ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were compared and showed significant differences in sensitivity and sensibility. HIPT diagnostics are challenging, and conservative treatment should be prioritized as soon as the diagnosis is made. CT and MRI seem to have comparable diagnostic sensitivity. We propose a guideline for consideration of operative approach.

  6. Imaging and clinical properties of inflammatory demyelinating pseudotumor in the spinal cord

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Ying; Wang, Min; Liang, Hui; Yu, Quntao; Yan, Zhihui; Kong, Min

    2013-01-01

    Inflammatory demyelinating pseudotumor usually occurs in the brain and rarely occurs in the spinal cord. On imaging, inflammatory demyelinating pseudotumor appears very similar to intramedullary tumors such as gliomas. It is often misdiagnosed as intramedullary tumor and surgically resected. In view of this, the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging manifestations and the pathological fea-tures of 36 cases of inflammatory demyelinating pseudotumor in the spinal cord were retrospec-tively analyzed and summarized. Most of these cases suffered from acute or subacute onset and exhibited a sensorimotor disorder. Among them, six cases were misdiagnosed as having intra-dullary gliomas, and inflammatory demyelinating pseudotumor was only identified and pathologi-cally confirmed after surgical resection. Lesions in the cervical and thoracic spinal cord were com-mon. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed edema and space-occupying lesions to varying grees at the cervical-thoracic junction, with a predominant feature of non-closed rosette-like forcement (open-loop sign). Pathological examination showed perivascular cuffing of predominantly dense lymphocytes, and demyelination was observed in six of the misdiagnosed cases. These re-sults suggest that tumor-like inflammatory demyelinating disease in the spinal cord is a kind of special demyelinating disease that can be categorized as inflammatory pseudotumor. These solitary lesions are easily confused with intramedullary neoplasms. Patchy or non-closed reinforcement (open-ring sign) on magnetic resonance imaging is the predominant property of inflammatory myelinating pseudotumor, and inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination are additional pa-logical properties. PMID:25206559

  7. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the hip: a complication of arthroplasty to be recognized by the radiologist*

    PubMed Central

    Boas, Raquel de Melo Santos Vilas; Madeira, Ivana Andrade; Lopes, Alexia Abuhid; Paiva, Edson Barreto; Rodrigues, André Soares

    2015-01-01

    Soft tissue complications following hip arthroplasty may occur either in cases of total hip arthroplasty or in hip resurfacing, a technique that has become popular in cases involving young patients. Both orthopedic and radiological literatures are now calling attention to these symptomatic periprosthetic soft tissue masses called inflammatory pseudotumors or aseptic lymphocytic vasculites-associated lesions. Pseudotumors are associated with pain, instability, neuropathy, and premature loosening of prosthetic components, frequently requiring early and difficult reoperation. Magnetic resonance imaging plays a relevant role in the evaluation of soft tissue changes in the painful hip after arthroplasty, ranging from early periprosthetic fluid collections to necrosis and more extensive tissue damage. PMID:26543283

  8. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the hip: a complication of arthroplasty to be recognized by the radiologist.

    PubMed

    Boas, Raquel de Melo Santos Vilas; Madeira, Ivana Andrade; Lopes, Alexia Abuhid; Paiva, Edson Barreto; Rodrigues, André Soares

    2015-01-01

    Soft tissue complications following hip arthroplasty may occur either in cases of total hip arthroplasty or in hip resurfacing, a technique that has become popular in cases involving young patients. Both orthopedic and radiological literatures are now calling attention to these symptomatic periprosthetic soft tissue masses called inflammatory pseudotumors or aseptic lymphocytic vasculites-associated lesions. Pseudotumors are associated with pain, instability, neuropathy, and premature loosening of prosthetic components, frequently requiring early and difficult reoperation. Magnetic resonance imaging plays a relevant role in the evaluation of soft tissue changes in the painful hip after arthroplasty, ranging from early periprosthetic fluid collections to necrosis and more extensive tissue damage.

  9. Good sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound for detecting pseudotumors in 83 failed metal-on-metal hip replacements

    PubMed Central

    Lainiala, Olli; Elo, Petra; Reito, Aleksi; Pajamäki, Jorma; Puolakka, Timo; Eskelinen, Antti

    2015-01-01

    Background and purpose Ultrasound is used for imaging of pseudotumors associated with metal-on-metal (MoM) hips. Ultrasound has been compared with magnetic resonance imaging, but to date there have been no studies comparing ultrasound findings and revision findings. Methods We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of preoperative ultrasound for detecting pseudotumors in 82 patients with MoM hip replacement (82 hips). Ultrasound examinations were performed by 1 of 3 musculoskeletal radiologists, and pseudotumors seen by ultrasound were retrospectively classified as fluid-filled, mixed-type, or solid. Findings at revision surgery were retrieved from surgical notes and graded according to the same system as used for ultrasound findings. Results Ultrasound had a sensitivity of 83% (95% CI: 63–93) and a specificity of 92% (CI: 82–96) for detecting trochanteric region pseudotumors, and a sensitivity of 79% (CI: 62–89) and a specificity of 94% (CI: 83–98) for detecting iliopsoas-region pseudotumors. Type misclassification of pseudotumors found at revision occurred in 8 of 23 hips in the trochanteric region and in 19 of 33 hips in the iliopsoas region. Interpretation Despite the discrepancy in type classification between ultrasound and revision findings, the presence of pseudotumors was predicted well with ultrasound in our cohort of failed MoM hip replacements. PMID:25582840

  10. Neuro-Behçet, pseudotumor cerebri and ocular signs: a rare association

    PubMed Central

    Rodrigues, Maria Inês; Loureiro, Cláudia; Geraldo Couceiro, Ana; Reis Ferreira, Cidalina; Monteiro-Grillo, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The central nervous system involvement in Behçet’s disease occurs in 5–30% of cases. The diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri is even rarer (only 22 cases reported worldwide). Purpose: To emphasize the importance of differential diagnosis in a case of pseudotumor cerebri in the context of ocular inflammation. Methods: V.A.V.R., a 31 year old female, was diagnosed with pan-uveitis on the left eye associated with recurrent bipolar aphthosis. During the etiological investigation, there was an onset of a left hemiparesis and facial palsy. Results: The central nervous system (CNS) neuroradiological investigation revealed a space-occupying lesion within the right hemisphere with intense signal enhancement with gadolinium. It globally reached the nucleo-basal structures and induced deviation of the middle structures (including homolateral ventricle). Cytochemical analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was negative for atypical cells. The ophthalmological features regressed with the corticosteroid and immunosuppressive therapy instituted. The final diagnosis was of pseudotumor cerebri in the context of Behçet’s disease. Conclusion: In Behçet’s disease, a cerebral space-occupying lesion should lead to a diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri. The correct diagnosis will determine an appropriate therapy and may prevent an inappropriate neurosurgical approach. The cortico and immunotherapy allowed a substantial regression of the lesion. PMID:27625934

  11. Epstein-Barr virus-positive inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen managed with laparoscopic splenectomy.

    PubMed

    Ise, Norihito; Miyazawa, Hideaki; Satoh, Seiji; Iida, Masatake; Uchinami, Hiroshi; Kume, Makoto; Yoshioka, Masato; Nanjo, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Yuzo

    2008-12-01

    We report a case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive splenic inflammatory pseudotumor treated by laparoscopic splenectomy. A 66-year-old female without symptoms was found to have a solitary, avascular, solid tumor of the spleen by contrast-enhanced computed tomography. The tumor was compatible with a primary tumor of the spleen. A benign splenic tumor was the most likely diagnosis, but malignant lymphoma could not be ruled out because the serum-soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) level was elevated. Laparoscopic splenectomy was performed to enable a definite diagnosis. Removal of the whole spleen without injury was possible. Possible contamination of the extirpation orifice by cancer cells was carefully prevented by enclosing the spleen in a plastic bag. Histopathological examination showed the tumor to be an EBV-positive inflammatory pseudotumor. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second report of an EBV-positive splenic inflammatory pseudotumor with an increased serum sIL-2R level. Although EBV-positive inflammatory pseudotumors have been reported to recur, no sign of recurrence has been detected in the present case in the 17 months following splenectomy.

  12. A rare case of pseudotumor formation associated with methyl methacrylate hypersensitivity in a patient following cemented total knee arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Kenan, Shachar; Kahn, Leonard; Haramati, Noga; Kenan, Samuel

    2016-08-01

    Hypersensitivity to orthopedic implant materials has been well documented with potential catastrophic consequences if not addressed pre-operatively. The spectrum of reactions is wide, from mild non-specific pain with localized erythema to severe periprosthetic inflammatory destruction and pseudotumor formation. It is therefore essential to identify patients who have or are at risk for implant-associated hypersensitivity. Although metal sensitivity is commonly cited as the cause of these reactions, methyl methacrylate (MMA) has rarely been implicated. To the best of our knowledge, methyl methacrylate-associated pseudotumor formation has not yet been described. The following is a case report of a 68-year-old female who, after undergoing a routine cemented right total knee arthroplasty, developed a painless, enlarging mass during a 13-year period. This mass was found to be a pseudotumor in association with methyl methacrylate hypersensitivity. A review of pseudotumor pathogenesis, methyl methacrylate hypersensitivity, and preoperative preventative care is discussed.

  13. Surgical management of pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumors: A single center experience

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor (PIP) is a rare disease. It is still debated whether it represents an inflammatory lesion characterized by uncontrolled cell growth or a true neoplasm. PIP is characterized by a cellular polymorphism. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 8 patients with PIP treated by surgery between 2001 and 2009. Preoperative thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan was performed in all cases. All patients underwent preoperative bronchoscopy with washing and brushing and/or transbronchial biopsy and preoperative cytology examination Results There were 5 men and 3 women, aged between 38 and 69 years (mean of 58 years). 3 patients (37%) were asymptomatic. The others had symptoms characterized by chest pain, shortness of breath and persistent cough or hemoptysis. 5 patients had neutrophilic leucocytosis. CT scan demonstrated solitary nodules (maximum diameter <3 cm) in 5 patients (62%) and lung masses (maximum diameter >3 cm) in 3 patients (37%). In 2 patients there were signs of pleural infiltration. Distant lesions were excluded in all cases. A preoperative histology examination failed to reach a definitive diagnosis in all patients. At surgery, we performed two lobectomies, one segmentectomy and five wedge resections, these being performed with videothoracoscopy (VATS), except for one patient where open surgery was used. Complete tumor resection was obtained in all patients. According to the Matsubara classification, there were 2 cases of organizing pneumonia, 5 cases of fibrous histiocytoma and one case of lymphoplasmacytoma. All patients were discharged alive from hospital between 4 and 7 days after surgery. At follow-up CT scan performed annually (range 11 to 112 months) (mean 58 months), there were no residual lesions, neither local nor distant recurrences. Conclusions PIP is a rare disease. Many synonyms have been used for this disease, usually in relation to the most represented cell type. The true incidence is unclear

  14. Intra-abdominal inflammatory myofibroblastic pseudotumor: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Bronzino, P; Abbo, L; Bagnasco, F; Barisone, P; Dezzani, C; Genovese, A M; Iannucci, P; Ippoliti, M; Sacchi, M; Aimo, I

    2005-10-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic pseudotumors (IPM) are very rare tumor characterized by unpredictable clinical behaviour. They arise in soft tissues of almost every organ and the most common site is the lung. Over 200 cases of inflammatory myofibroblastic pseudotumor of the lung have been described in literature. Intra-abdominal IMP are very rare. We describe a case of intra-abdominal IMP in a boy of 15 years old who presented symptoms and signs of acute appendicitis. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a mass in the peritoneal cavity. The mass was removed. The histologic examination showed that it was an IMP. Surgical treatment was the only therapy. Six months after the surgical operation the patient has no sign of illness.

  15. Computed tomography and ultrasound in the evaluation of orbital infection and pseudotumor

    SciTech Connect

    Harr, D.L.; Quencer, R.M.; Abrams, G.W.

    1982-02-01

    Twenty patients with orbital inflammatory processes were examined with high-resolution computed tomography (CT) and 14 of them were also evaluated with ultrasound (US). In eight cases of orbital infection, six abscesses were localized by CT; US contributed no significant additional information. The 12 cases of orbital pseudotumor could be classified into four forms by CT. US added specificity to the form. In all eight cases of pseudotumor where US was performed, low-reflective echoes were characteristically seen. In addition, edema in the retrobulbar fascia (four cases) was continuous with fluid along the optic nerve sheath (three cases) and muscle enlargement was identified in six cases. These US features were found to be important in the differential diagnosis of intra-orbital masses.

  16. An Inflammatory Pseudotumor Arising from Pterygopalatine Fossa with Invasion to the Maxillary Sinus and Orbital Cavity

    PubMed Central

    Yokoi, Hidenori; Yazawa, Takuya; Matsumoto, Yuma; Ikeda, Tetsuya; Fujiwara, Masachika; Ohkura, Yasuo; Kohno, Naoyuki

    2015-01-01

    We report a patient who had an inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) that invaded to the maxillary sinus and orbital cavity, with the left pterygopalatine fossa as the principal site; this is a very rare case. The patient was an 83-year-old woman who suddenly became aware of impairment in the eyesight and visual field of the left eye. CT images showed a neoplastic lesion that invaded to the maxillary sinus and orbital cavity, with the left pterygopalatine fossa as the principal site, and also showed contrast effects. To obtain a definitive diagnosis from histopathological analysis, the lesion was biopsied, and she was diagnosed as the inflammatory pseudotumor with the immunohistochemical study and multiplex polymerase chain reaction-based clonality assays. The patient had a lymphoid-predominant lesion that responded to radiotherapy but corticosteroids were not effective. It is important to scrutinize the pathology to avoid unnecessary and mutilating surgery. PMID:26167321

  17. Gradual Colonic Impaction of a Chicken Bone Associated with Inflammatory Pseudotumor Formation and Nonocclusive Colon Ischemia

    PubMed Central

    Fosi, Stefania; Bindi, Alessio; De Sanctis, Flavio; Ricciardi, Edoardo; Rossi, Piero; Petrella, Giuseppe; Simonetti, Giovanni

    2014-01-01

    Foreign body (FB) ingestion is a common clinical problem and most FBs pass through the gastrointestinal tract without the need for intervention. A wide spectrum of clinical presentations may be possible and these can be either acute or chronic. We present a case of an 83-year-old woman featuring insidious abdominal discomfort who was hospitalized in our institution due to worsening symptoms. She underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) evaluation which showed the presence of a significant parietal thickening of the transverse and descending colon, a mesenteric loose tissue imbibition, venous engorgement, and no filling defect of visceral arteries, suggesting a condition of nonocclusive colon ischemia. A hyperdense FB was identified in the sigma and was associated with a small pseudotumoral mass. The patient underwent surgical exploration which confirmed the hypoperfusional state of the colon, showing the presence of a chicken bone perforating the sigma and lying in the context of a pseudotumoral mass. Our experience shows how contrast-enhanced CT is feasible and can be strongly recommended as a first-line imaging tool on suspicion of colon ischemia and also how it can easily identify the underlying cause, in our case a FB sealed perforation of the sigma with pseudotumoral mass formation. PMID:24707425

  18. Pseudotumor cerebri in a child treated with acitretin: A rare occurrence

    PubMed Central

    Sarkar, Somenath; Das, Kapildev; Roychoudhury, Soumyajit; Shrimal, Arpit

    2013-01-01

    Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by increased intracranial pressure in absence of any intra-cranial space-occupying lesion. It is mostly due to impairment of drainage of CSF from arachnoid villi. Clinically pseudotumor cerebri presents with headache, diplopia, nausea, vomiting, papilloedema and if treatment is delayed, may lead to blindness. Females of childbearing age group, endocrinal abnormalities and ingestion of certain drugs have been reported to be associated with pseudotumor cerebri. However, it's occurrence in relation to acitretin ingestion has not been reported on pubmed database. Here we present a case where significant temporal association of acitretin intake with PTC was found in a child who was being treated with this medication for recalcitrant pustular psoriasis. The case is reported for its rarity in occurrence and associated significant morbidity including visual loss if not diagnosed and treated immediately. According to Naranjo ADR Causality scale of adverse drug reaction, the association of PTC due to acitretin in our case was probable. PMID:23543097

  19. Tumors and pseudotumors at the temporomandibular joint region in pediatric patients

    PubMed Central

    Wei, Wen-Bin; Chen, Min-Jie; Yang, Chi; Qiu, Yating; Zhou, Qin

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To describe the clinical manifestations and types of, and our surgical experience with, neoplasms in the region of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: From September 1997 to December 2013, a total of 18 patients with neoplasms in the region of the TMJ were treated at our department. They all underwent open surgeries. The clinical manifestations and radiological aspects of all the patients were reviewed. The average follow-up period was 61.8 months with a range of 12-221 months. We reviewed the history, physical examination, images, and related radiological examinations. Results: Of the 18 patients, 14 had benign tumors or pseudotumors, and four had malignant tumors. The ratio of pseudotumor to benign tumor to malignant tumor was 2.5:1:1. Limitations of mouth opening were more likely to occur with malignant tumors, and facial deformity had a higher incidence in benign tumors. Local resection was the first choice for patients with benign tumors or pseudotumors. All patients with malignant tumors underwent whole-tumor resection along the boundary, including the joint capsule, disc, and part of the temporal bone and mandible. During the follow-up period, no tumor reformation or new deformity was detected. Conclusions: In the diagnosis of masses in the TMJ region, CT and MRI play an important role. Surgical removal of the mass with/without joint attachment was sufficient to treat benign and malignant tumors. PMID:26885147

  20. Pediatric soft-tissue tumors and pseudo-tumors: MR imaging features with pathologic correlation: part 1. Imaging approach, pseudotumors, vascular lesions, and adipocytic tumors.

    PubMed

    Navarro, Oscar M; Laffan, Eoghan E; Ngan, Bo-Yee

    2009-01-01

    A wide spectrum of entities may give rise to soft-tissue masses in children, including benign and malignant tumors, pseudotumors, and both neoplastic and nonneoplastic vascular lesions. Because of its excellent tissue contrast, multiplanar capability, and lack of ionizing radiation, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become the modality of choice in the evaluation of deep and large soft-tissue masses in children. In the vast majority of cases, however, accurate interpretation of the MR imaging findings requires correlation with the clinical findings. For example, in most posttraumatic and inflammatory pseudotumors, the clinical history is fundamental to establishing the diagnosis. In the evaluation of periarticular cysts, the location of the mass and its relationship to a joint are crucial for diagnosis, whereas in the evaluation of vascular lesions, including hemangiomas and vascular malformations, clinical findings combined with MR imaging findings are needed for accurate diagnosis in most cases. The identification of fat within adipocytic tumors is useful, but tissue biopsy may be required for final diagnosis. Nevertheless, MR imaging is useful in determining the origin and character of pediatric soft-tissue masses, defining their extent and their relationship to adjacent structures, and performing posttherapy follow-up.

  1. Recurrent pseudotumor cerebri in childhood: a case of neuro-Behçet disease complicated with thrombotic risk factors.

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, Sanem; Serdaroglu, Gul; Unver, Hale; Akcay, Ayfer; Gokben, Sarenur; Tekgul, Hasan

    2011-07-01

    Pseudotumor cerebri with or without venous sinus thrombosis is a rare clinical presentation of Behçet disease in childhood. We present here a case of childhood pseudotumor cerebri without a previous diagnosis of Behçet disease. The detailed history and physical examination of the case led to the diagnosis of neuro-Behçet disease. The investigation of predisposition to thrombosis revealed heterozygous factor V Leiden mutation along with the high lipoprotein(a) level. The symptoms resolved dramatically by treatment with the combination of immunosuppression and anticoagulation with regard to the detected factor V Leiden mutation and high lipoprotein(a) level. After a symptom-free period of 9 months, the cerebral vein thrombosis recurred. We present this case to draw attention to this rare cause of pseudotumor cerebri in childhood and to emphasize the importance of additional thrombotic risk factors regarding the potential recurrence of thrombotic events in Behçet disease.

  2. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver in association with spilled gallstones 3 years after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Kayashima, H; Ikegami, T; Ueo, H; Tsubokawa, N; Matsuura, H; Okamoto, D; Nakashima, A; Okadome, K

    2011-11-01

    We report on a case of a female patient diagnosed with inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver in association with spilled gallstones 3 years after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for calculous acute cholecystitis. She was asymptomatic, but CT revealed an intrahepatic mass and two other extrahepatic masses between the liver and the diaphragm. Furthermore, diffusion-weighted MRI and PET suggested all three lesions could be malignant tumors. As the preoperative diagnosis was intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma with peritoneal disseminations, we performed a posterior segmentectomy of the liver combined with partial resection of the diaphragm. Histological examination showed the intrahepatic tumor was an inflammatory granuloma with abscess formations. There were bilirubin stones between the liver and the diaphragm. Therefore, the tumor was diagnosed as inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver in association with spilled gallstones. In conclusion, the liver tumor emerged after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and may involve inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver in association with spilled gallstones.

  3. Pseudotumors in association with well-functioning metal-on-metal hip prostheses: a case-control study using three-dimensional computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

    PubMed

    Hart, Alister J; Satchithananda, Keshthra; Liddle, Alexander D; Sabah, Shiraz A; McRobbie, Donald; Henckel, Johann; Cobb, Justin P; Skinner, John A; Mitchell, Adam W

    2012-02-15

    Many papers have been published recently on the subject of pseudotumors surrounding metal-on-metal hip resurfacing and replacement prostheses. These pseudotumors are sterile, inflammatory lesions within the periprosthetic tissues and have been variously termed masses, cysts, bursae, collections, or aseptic lymphocyte-dominated vasculitis-associated lesions (ALVAL). The prevalence of pseudotumors in patients with a well-functioning metal-on-metal hip prosthesis is not well known. The purpose of this study was to quantify the prevalence of pseudotumors adjacent to well-functioning and painful metal-on-metal hip prostheses, to characterize these lesions with use of magnetic resonance imaging, and to assess the relationship between their presence and acetabular cup position with use of three-dimensional computed tomography. We performed a case-control study to compare the magnetic resonance imaging findings of patients with a well-functioning unilateral metal-on-metal hip prosthesis and patients with a painful prosthesis (defined by either revision arthroplasty performed because of unexplained pain or an Oxford hip score of <30 of 48 possible points). Thirty patients with a painful hip prosthesis and twenty-eight controls with a well-functioning prosthesis were recruited consecutively. All patients also underwent computed tomography to assess the position of the acetabular component. Thirty-four patients were diagnosed with a pseudotumor. However, the prevalence of pseudotumors in patients with a painful hip (seventeen of thirty, 57%) was not significantly different from the prevalence in the control group (seventeen of twenty-eight, 61%). No objective differences in pseudotumor characteristics between the groups were identified. No clear association between the presence of a pseudotumor and acetabular component position was identified. The Oxford hip score in the group with a painful hip (mean, 20.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 12.7 to 45.8) was poorer than that in

  4. [Pseudo-tumoral lesions of dense conjuntival tissue. Attempt at pathogenic interpretation].

    PubMed

    Bonenfani, J L; Lagacé, R

    1975-01-01

    The histogenesis of pseudotumors of dense connective tissue has been studied. These lesions may be classified as mucoid (synovial cyst and periungueal myxoma), collagenous (desmoid tumor, desmoid fibroblastoma and fibromatosis colli), elastic (elastofibroma dorsi), cellular (fibroblastic: fibromatosis, fasciitis and myositis; histiocytic: giant-cell tumor of tendon sheath, fibrous histiocytoma and atypical fibroxanthoma), metaplastic (ossifying fasciitis, ossifying myositis and juvenile chondroid fibroma) and hamartomatous nature (fibrous hamartoma). It must be emphasized that these lesions show a variable and polymorphouse cellular composition and then can simulate sarcoma.

  5. Pseudotumoral presentation of fungating mycetoma caused by Phaeoacremonium fuscum in a renal transplant patient.

    PubMed

    McGrogan, D; David, M D; Roberts, C; Borman, A M; Nath, J; Inston, N G; Mellor, S

    2015-12-01

    Eumycetoma is an unusual infection in immunocompromised patients outside the tropics, caused by a variety of fungal pathogens. We describe the case of a 51-year-old renal transplant recipient who presented with a large pseudotumoral foot lesion necessitating complete surgical excision of the lesion. Cultures and molecular diagnosis confirmed Phaeoacremonium fuscum. This is the first case, to our knowledge, of fungating mycetoma caused by this fungal species in a solid organ transplant recipient. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Leflunomide in the Treatment of a Pseudotumoral Genital Herpes Simplex Virus Infection in an HIV Patient.

    PubMed

    Roger, Marie R; Anstead, Gregory M

    2017-01-01

    The patient is a 52-year-old African American man with a past medical history of HIV infection (on antiretroviral therapy, CD4 count 399 cells/µL, and undetectable HIV viral load) and recurrent genital herpes. While on valacyclovir, the patient presented with four tumorous lesions on the perineum and scrotum. A biopsy specimen stained positively with HSV-1 and HSV-2 immunostains and displayed a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. The patient received foscarnet and imiquimod for two weeks with minimal improvement. Based on the previous activity of leflunomide, which has both antiviral and immunomodulatory properties, in cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex infections, leflunomide 20 mg orally twice daily was started. The patient received 23 days of foscarnet, 14 days of topical imiquimod, and 11 days of leflunomide with approximately 80% reduction in the size of the perineal lesion. After nine months on leflunomide there was complete regression of the large perineal lesion and only two small ulcerations remained on the scrotum. Pseudotumoral herpes lesions in HIV patients represent an immune reconstitution event and are poorly responsive to the usual anti-herpes agents. This report demonstrates the successful use of leflunomide in the treatment of an HIV patient with pseudotumoral herpes. Thalidomide has also been used with some success.

  7. Leflunomide in the Treatment of a Pseudotumoral Genital Herpes Simplex Virus Infection in an HIV Patient

    PubMed Central

    Roger, Marie R.

    2017-01-01

    The patient is a 52-year-old African American man with a past medical history of HIV infection (on antiretroviral therapy, CD4 count 399 cells/µL, and undetectable HIV viral load) and recurrent genital herpes. While on valacyclovir, the patient presented with four tumorous lesions on the perineum and scrotum. A biopsy specimen stained positively with HSV-1 and HSV-2 immunostains and displayed a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. The patient received foscarnet and imiquimod for two weeks with minimal improvement. Based on the previous activity of leflunomide, which has both antiviral and immunomodulatory properties, in cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex infections, leflunomide 20 mg orally twice daily was started. The patient received 23 days of foscarnet, 14 days of topical imiquimod, and 11 days of leflunomide with approximately 80% reduction in the size of the perineal lesion. After nine months on leflunomide there was complete regression of the large perineal lesion and only two small ulcerations remained on the scrotum. Pseudotumoral herpes lesions in HIV patients represent an immune reconstitution event and are poorly responsive to the usual anti-herpes agents. This report demonstrates the successful use of leflunomide in the treatment of an HIV patient with pseudotumoral herpes. Thalidomide has also been used with some success. PMID:28373917

  8. Pseudotumor of the distal common bile duct at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Justin H.; Coakley, Fergus V; Wang, Zhen J.; Poder, Liina; Webb, Emily; Yeh, Benjamin M.

    2010-01-01

    Background Prior studies have described a pseudocalculus appearance in the distal common bile duct as a normal variant at cholangiography. The objective of this study is to describe the occurrence of pseudotumor in the distal common bile duct at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Methods Nine patients who underwent ERCP between May 2004 and July 2008 were identified as having a transient eccentric mural-based filling defect in the distal common bile duct. A single reader systematically reviewed all studies and recorded the imaging findings. Results The mean diameter of the filling defect was 9 mm (range, 5 to 11). Eight patients had resolution of the filling defect during the same ERCP or on a subsequent ERCP, and in 2 of these patients the inferior border of the filling defect was not well visualized. The other patient underwent surgical resection of a presumed tumor with no evidence of malignancy on surgical pathology. Conclusion An eccentric mural-based filling defect in the distal common bile duct can be artifactual in nature and may reflect transient contraction of the sphincter of Oddi. Recognition of this pseudotumor may help avoid unnecessary surgery. PMID:21724120

  9. Formation of a pseudotumor in total hip arthroplasty using a tribological metal-polyethylene pair.

    PubMed

    Fagotti, Lorenzo; Vicente, José Ricardo Negreiros; Miyahara, Helder Souza; de Oliveira, Pedro Vitoriano; Bernabé, Antônio Carlos; Croci, Alberto Tesconi

    2015-01-01

    The aim here was to report a case of a young adult patient who evolved with tumor formation in the left thigh, 14 years after revision surgery on hip arthroplasty. Davies in 2005 made the first description of this disease in patients undergoing metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty. Over the last decade, however, pseudotumors around metal-on-polyethylene surfaces have become more prevalent. Our patient presented with increased volume of the left thigh 8 years after hip arthroplasty revision surgery. Two years before the arising of the tumor in the thigh, a nodule in the inguinal region was investigated to rule out a malignant neoplastic process, but the results were inconclusive. The main preoperative complaints were pain, functional limitation and marked reduction in the range of motion of the left hip. Plain radiographs showed loosening of acetabular and femoral, and a large mass between the muscle planes was revealed through magnetic resonance imaging of the left thigh. The surgical procedure consisted of resection of the lesion and removal of the components through lateral approach. In respect of total hip arthroplasty, pseudotumors are benign neoplasms in which the bearing surface consists of metal-on-metal, but they can also occur in different tribological pairs, as presented in this case.

  10. Formation of a pseudotumor in total hip arthroplasty using a tribological metal–polyethylene pair☆

    PubMed Central

    Fagotti, Lorenzo; Vicente, José Ricardo Negreiros; Miyahara, Helder Souza; de Oliveira, Pedro Vitoriano; Bernabé, Antônio Carlos; Croci, Alberto Tesconi

    2015-01-01

    The aim here was to report a case of a young adult patient who evolved with tumor formation in the left thigh, 14 years after revision surgery on hip arthroplasty. Davies in 2005 made the first description of this disease in patients undergoing metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty. Over the last decade, however, pseudotumors around metal-on-polyethylene surfaces have become more prevalent. Our patient presented with increased volume of the left thigh 8 years after hip arthroplasty revision surgery. Two years before the arising of the tumor in the thigh, a nodule in the inguinal region was investigated to rule out a malignant neoplastic process, but the results were inconclusive. The main preoperative complaints were pain, functional limitation and marked reduction in the range of motion of the left hip. Plain radiographs showed loosening of acetabular and femoral, and a large mass between the muscle planes was revealed through magnetic resonance imaging of the left thigh. The surgical procedure consisted of resection of the lesion and removal of the components through lateral approach. In respect of total hip arthroplasty, pseudotumors are benign neoplasms in which the bearing surface consists of metal-on-metal, but they can also occur in different tribological pairs, as presented in this case. PMID:27218090

  11. Inflammatory pseudotumor of liver secondary to migrated fishbone - a rare cause with an unusual presentation.

    PubMed

    Srinivasan, Ulagendra Perumal; Duraisamy, Appasamy Benet; Ilango, Sethu; Rathinasamy, Arunachalam; Chandramohan, Servarayan Murugesan

    2013-01-01

    A 35-year-old woman presented with a history of vague epigastric pain which lasted for one day. She had no other gastrointestinal symptoms and had an unremarkable past history and physical examination. An ultrasound scan abdomen showed a 3×3.5 cm mass in the left lobe of liver. A CT scan showed an abnormal hypodense lesion with mild enhancement in the arterial phase, with a central calcification. Complete blood count, liver function test and alpha-fetoprotein were normal. A left lateral segmentectomy was performed after adequate pre-operative assessment. The specimen contained a 3 cm long fishbone. The post-operative period was uneventful. Histopathological examination revealed chronic non-specific inflammation with fibrosis. Inflammatory pseudotumor of liver is a rare benign tumor with uncertain etiopathogenesis. Suggested etiologies include a septic or a viral origin and it can occur after migration of sharp objects, including migrated fishbone. Inflammatory pseudotumor of liver can be a diagnostic challenge and may end up in major resection.

  12. IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor of the renal pelvis involving renal parenchyma, mimicking malignancy.

    PubMed

    Park, Ho Gyun; Kim, Kyoung Min

    2016-01-22

    IgG4-related disease is a recently recognized systemic disease characterized by storiform fibrosis with infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells. In rare incidences, IgG4-related renal disease can present as a solitary mass lesion at renal pelvis and can pose a diagnostic challenge since these lesions mimic malignancy. Herein, we present a rare case of IgG4-related disease presenting as inflammatory pseudotumor lesion, involving the renal pelvis and also neighboring renal parenchyma. A 75-year-old man with no history of IgG4-related disease underwent computed tomography (CT) scan for evaluation of prostatic cancer. The CT scan incidentally revealed a mass lesion located at the right renal pelvis. Radiologic findings were highly suggestive of malignancy. Therefore, the patient underwent right nephroureterectomy. Microscopically, the mass lesion showed storiform fibrosis with diffuse and intense inflammatory cell infiltration. Infiltrating cells were mainly histiocytes and plasma cells. Tubulointerstitium adjacent to the lesion also showed fibrosis with abundant plasmacytic infiltration. Immunohistochemical staining revealed the presence of IgG4-positive plasma cells in both the mass lesion and tubulointerstitium (mean of 94/HPF per field). Considering these findings, we diagnosed the mass lesion as IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor of the renal pelvis. In patients with renal pelvic masses, IgG4-related inflammatory pesudotumor should be considered in the differential diagnosis to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention.

  13. Patient and Radiographic Factors Help to Predict Metal-on-Metal Hip Resurfacings with Evidence of a Pseudotumor.

    PubMed

    Matharu, Gulraj S; Blanshard, Oliver; Dhaliwal, Kawaljit; Judge, Andrew; Murray, David W; Pandit, Hemant G

    2017-02-01

    The role of radiographs in the follow-up of patients with metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MoMHR) implants is unclear. We investigated whether a combination of patient and radiographic factors predicted MoMHRs with evidence of a pseudotumor. We performed a retrospective single-center case-control study of 384 MoMHRs. The pseudotumor group of 130 hips all had evidence of a symptomatic pseudotumor on cross-sectional imaging, with the diagnosis confirmed at revision. The nonpseudotumor group of 254 hips (a subgroup of these hips were previously reported on) all had normal findings on cross-sectional imaging. Radiographs taken immediately prior to revision were assessed in the pseudotumor group and were compared with radiographs taken at the time of normal cross-sectional imaging in the nonpseudotumor group. Two blinded independent observers analyzed the radiographs for signs of failure, with excellent interobserver agreement. Logistic regression modeling identified the patient and radiographic predictors of revision for pseudotumor. Hips with a pseudotumor more commonly had abnormal findings on radiographs compared to hips without a pseudotumor (80.0% compared with 63.4%; p = 0.001). Patient and radiographic factors predictive of revision for pseudotumor in the multivariable model were female sex (odds ratio [OR], 3.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.85 to 5.35; p < 0.001), high inclination (OR, 1.04 per degree; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.07 per degree; p = 0.006), acetabular osteolysis (OR, 5.06; 95% CI, 2.14 to 12.0; p < 0.001), femoral osteolysis (OR, 17.8; 95% CI, 5.09 to 62.2; p < 0.001), and acetabular loosening (OR, 3.35; 95% CI, 1.34 to 8.35; p = 0.009). Factors predictive of not having a pseudotumor were anteversion of ≥5° (5° to <10°: OR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.12 to 0.77; p = 0.012; and ≥10°: OR, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.15 to 0.70; p = 0.004) and heterotopic ossification (OR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.05 to 0.72; p = 0.015). The final multivariable model was well calibrated (p = 0

  14. Indolent lung opacity: Ten years follow-up of pulmonary inflammatory pseudo-tumor

    PubMed Central

    Degheili, Jad A; Kanj, Nadim A; Koubaissi, Salwa A; Nasser, Mouhamad J

    2017-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) has always been considered a diagnostic challenge. Its rarity and resemblance to other more common pathological entities imposes that neither clinical nor radiological characteristics can lead to a definitive diagnosis. The surgical excision of the lesion is the ultimate approach for accurate diagnosis and cure. Moreover the true nature of IPT, its origin as a neoplastic entity or an over-reactive inflammatory reaction to an unknown trigger, has been a long debated matter. Surgery remains the treatment of choice. IPT is mostly an indolent disease with minimal morbidity and mortality. Local invasion and metastasis predict a poor prognosis. We hereby present a unique case of pulmonary IPT that was surgically excised, but recurred contralaterally, shortly thereafter. Despite no medical or surgical treatment for ten years, the lesion has remained stable in size, with neither symptoms nor extra-pulmonary manifestations. PMID:28255550

  15. Accessory spleen appearing as an intrasplenic pseudo-tumoral mass: A rare case report

    PubMed Central

    LÜ, YAN-FENG; HAN, BING-BING; YU, HUA-LONG; CUI, ZHEN-HUA; LI, ZHI-WEN; WANG, JIAN-XIN

    2015-01-01

    The current study presents a rare case of an accessory spleen that manifested as a solid intrasplenic pseudotumor. The affected patient was previously healthy. Upon examination with computed tomography (CT), an ovoid, soft-tissue mass of ~4.1 cm in diameter was found on the upper pole of the spleen. Biochemical indices, such as blood routine and coagulation tests, and tumor marker analysis, revealed no abnormalities. Another CT scan was performed, but this failed to indicate whether the mass was benign or malignant. Therefore, the lesion was resected along with the spleen by laparoscopic surgery. The resected sample was subject to pathological examinations for final validation, and was finally diagnosed as an accessory spleen. The patient was followed up for six months with no signs of recurrence. PMID:26622609

  16. A Supraglottic Pseudotumor in an Immunocompromised Patient with Nephrotic Syndrome, Herpes Zoster, and a Cytomegalovirus Infection

    PubMed Central

    Akimoto, Tetsu; Yamazaki, Tomoyuki; Saito, Osamu; Muto, Shigeaki; Kusano, Eiji; Nagata, Daisuke

    2016-01-01

    Several viral infections may occasionally induce supraglottic mass lesions, resulting in an obstructive airway emergency. We herein report one such case in a 63-year-old male immunocompromised patient with nephrotic syndrome due to membranous nephropathy who also had ophthalmic herpes zoster with a laryngeal mass, which required urgent intubation and mechanical ventilation. The patient was initially treated with acyclovir; however, because a serological analysis revealed a concurrent cytomegalovirus infection, we discontinued the administration of acyclovir and gave priority to the simultaneous treatment of the cytomegalovirus and varicella-zoster virus infections with ganciclovir. The clinical course was favorable, and he was weaned from the ventilator 10 days later when a serial imaging analysis revealed no signs of the supraglottic mass, leading us to conclude that these two viral infections could have additively or synergistically contributed to the development of the local pseudotumor. The diagnostic and therapeutic concerns arising in the current case are also discussed. PMID:27547043

  17. Hypophosphatasia Presenting with Pyridoxine-Responsive Seizures, Hypercalcemia, and Pseudotumor Cerebri: Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Alanay, Yasemin; Alikaşifoğlu, Ayfer; Topçu, Meral; Mornet, Etienne; Özön, Alev; Kandemir, Nurgün

    2012-01-01

    Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an inborn error of metabolism characterized by defective bone mineralization caused by a deficiency in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity due to mutations in the tissue-nonspecific ALP (TNALP) gene. The clinical expression of the disease is variable. Six forms of HPP are identified according to age at presentation and clinical features. Patients with the infantile form are normal at birth. First symptoms appear within the first 6 months of life. Along with skeletal findings, HPP patients may present with hypercalcemia, seizures, pseudotumor cerebri, and pulmonary insufficiency. Seizures in HPP are refractory to conventional antiepileptic drugs, but are responsive to pyridoxine. Herein, we report a case of HPP who presented with pyridoxine-responsive seizures in the early neonatal period and was found to have hypercalcemia, skeletal demineralization and increased intracranial pressure. Key words: Hypophosphatasia, pyridoxine-responsive seizures, bisphosphonates, alkaline phosphatase, bone resorption, hypercalcemia Conflict of interest:None declared. PMID:22394703

  18. Hypophosphatasia presenting with pyridoxine-responsive seizures, hypercalcemia, and pseudotumor cerebri: case report.

    PubMed

    Demirbilek, Hüseyin; Alanay, Yasemin; Alikaşifoğlu, Ayfer; Topçu, Meral; Mornet, Etienne; Gönç, Nazlı; Özön, Alev; Kandemir, Nurgün

    2012-03-01

    Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an inborn error of metabolism characterized by defective bone mineralization caused by a deficiency in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity due to mutations in the tissue-nonspecific ALP (TNALP) gene. The clinical expression of the disease is variable. Six forms of HPP are identified according to age at presentation and clinical features. Patients with the infantile form are normal at birth. First symptoms appear within the first 6 months of life. Along with skeletal findings, HPP patients may present with hypercalcemia, seizures, pseudotumor cerebri, and pulmonary insufficiency. Seizures in HPP are refractory to conventional antiepileptic drugs, but are responsive to pyridoxine. Herein, we report a case of HPP who presented with pyridoxine-responsive seizures in the early neonatal period and was found to have hypercalcemia, skeletal demineralization and increased intracranial pressure.

  19. Lumboatrial shunt in a patient with Crouzon syndrome complicated by pseudotumor cerebri.

    PubMed

    Sankey, Eric W; Khattab, Mohamed H; Elder, Benjamin D; Goodwin, C Rory; Rekate, Harold L; Rigamonti, Daniele

    2015-09-01

    A 25-year-old man with Crouzon syndrome complicated by pseudotumor cerebri and multiple shunt failures presented with progressive back and neck pain, intermittent headaches, and associated vomiting secondary to shunt infection. Due to his previous history of repeated failure of both ventriculoperitoneal and lumboperitoneal (LP) shunting procedures, the decision was made to place a lumboatrial (LA) shunt via an approach through the internal jugular vein. The procedure was uncomplicated and the man's symptoms were relieved. Despite significant improvement, the LA shunt limited his exercise tolerance, and as an avid runner and weight lifter, he requested reconversion back to an LP shunt. At a follow-up of 20months, he continued to do well both clinically and radiographically. This case report summarizes the successful placement and use of an LA shunt for the treatment of intracranial hypertension in the setting of Crouzon syndrome. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  20. Delayed relapse in pseudotumor cerebri due to new stenosis after transverse sinus stenting.

    PubMed

    Winters, Hugh Stephen; Parker, Geoff; Halmagyi, Gabor Michael; Mehta, Ankur; Atkins, Thomas

    2016-10-01

    A patient presented with recurrent severe pseudotumor cerebri (PTC). Transverse sinus stenting is a very effective treatment option, however stenosis and intracranial hypertension can recur. In our patient, stenting initially resulted in resolution of papilloedema. However, after 5 years, a new stenosis developed which required further stenting. This case highlights the fact that, in patients with PTC who undergo transverse sinus stenting, a small proportion require repeat treatment due to formation of a new stenosis, usually adjacent to the existing stent. Patients with severe disease, such as ours, may be at higher risk of recurrence. Regardless of the severity, all patients who undergo stenting should have regular ocular follow-up. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  1. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the colon causing intussusception: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Huang, Yong; Li, Le-Ping; Wang, Jing; Lun, Zeng-Jun; Li, Wei; Yang, Zhen

    2015-01-14

    Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare space-occupying lesion of unknown etiology that can mimic malignancy on clinic-radiological and pathological examination. We describe a rare case of ileocecal intussusception from clinically suspected malignancy of the right colon where the patient underwent right hemicolectomy. Histopathology of the resected specimen confirmed IPT of the colon. This patient was observed to have abnormally elevated total leukocyte count and platelets before and after surgery. In an adult with intussusception associated with an abdominal mass, the possibility of IPT of the colon should be considered. Considering the abnormally high total leukocyte and platelet counts and colonic IPT, it is necessary to prevent postoperative adverse effects due to these changes. Although IPT of the colon is usually a benign process, controversy regarding its management still exists. We consider hemicolectomy as a safe treatment approach for colonic IPT and review the existing literature.

  2. Inflammatory pseudotumor of the colon causing intussusception: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Yong; Li, Le-Ping; Wang, Jing; Lun, Zeng-Jun; Li, Wei; Yang, Zhen

    2015-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare space-occupying lesion of unknown etiology that can mimic malignancy on clinic-radiological and pathological examination. We describe a rare case of ileocecal intussusception from clinically suspected malignancy of the right colon where the patient underwent right hemicolectomy. Histopathology of the resected specimen confirmed IPT of the colon. This patient was observed to have abnormally elevated total leukocyte count and platelets before and after surgery. In an adult with intussusception associated with an abdominal mass, the possibility of IPT of the colon should be considered. Considering the abnormally high total leukocyte and platelet counts and colonic IPT, it is necessary to prevent postoperative adverse effects due to these changes. Although IPT of the colon is usually a benign process, controversy regarding its management still exists. We consider hemicolectomy as a safe treatment approach for colonic IPT and review the existing literature. PMID:25593502

  3. Pseudotumoral form of soft tissue tuberculosis of the hand: six cases.

    PubMed

    Sbai, Mohamed Ali; Benzarti, Sofien; Chalbi, Emna; Msek, Hichem; Khorbi, Adel

    2016-01-01

    Musculoskeletal involvement is not uncommon in extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, but the localization in the soft tissue of the hand is very rare. Diagnosis is much more difficult because of the atypical location and non-specific symptoms. We report 6 cases of pseudotumoral form of soft tissue tuberculosis of the hand treated in our department during the past 12 years. The mean age of the patients was 51 years with extremes of 44 and 63 years. A marked female predominance was observed (sex ratio = 0.2). All patients presented with swelling of the finger, two of which were painful swelling. All long fingers were involved; the thumb was involved in two cases. The histological study after excisional biopsy revealed caseating giant cell granulomas with epitheloid cells confirming the diagnosis. Antibacillary chemotherapy promoted healing and good outcome in our patients.

  4. Radiographic and computed tomographic demonstration of pseudotumor cerebri due to rapid weight gain in a child with pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma

    SciTech Connect

    Berdon, W.E.; Barker, D.H.; Barash, F.S.

    1982-06-01

    Rapid weight gain in a malnourished child can be associated with suture diastasis in the pattern of pseudotumor cerebri; this has been previously reported in deprivational dwarfism and cystic fibrosis. In a child with pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma, skull radiographs and cranial computed tomographic (CT) scans were available prior to a period of rapid weight gain induced by hyperalimentation. Suture diastasis developed and repeat CT scans showed this to be accompanied by smaller ventricles.

  5. [Pulmonar pseudotumor in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Pulmonary cancer and/or GPA? Diagnostic implications of pulmonary nodules].

    PubMed

    Horta-Baas, Gabriel; Meza-Zempoaltecatl, Esteban; Pérez-Cristóbal, Mario; Barile-Fabris, Leonor Adriana

    2016-01-01

    Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis, is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis, which affects small and medium sized blood vessels and is often associated with cytoplasmic anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA). Inflammatory pseudotumor is a rare condition characterized by the appearance of a mass lesion that mimics a malignant tumor both clinically and on imaging studies, but that is thought to have an inflammatory/reactive pathogenesis. We report a patient with a GPA which was originally diagnosed as malignancy.

  6. Pseudoaneurysms Occurring as a Result of Fractures Giving Rise to the Appearance of Pseudotumors: A Short Series

    SciTech Connect

    Farquharson, Finn; Haroon, Athar; Fleet, Mustafa

    2007-09-15

    Pseudoaneurysms are focal enlargements of the vascular lumen due to partial or complete disruption of the arterial wall. These are an uncommon complication of fractures. The presence of a pseudoaneurysm adjacent to a fracture fragment can cause a pressure effect. This pressure not only impairs fracture healing but sometimes can erode the adjacent bone, producing the appearance of a pseudotumor. We present two such cases and discuss the management of these patients.

  7. Combined Vascular and Orthopaedic Approach for a Pseudotumor Causing Deep Vein Thrombosis after Metal-on-Metal Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Abdel-Hamid, Hossam; Miles, Jonathan; Carrington, Richard W J; Hart, Alister; Loh, Alex; Skinner, John A

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacings have been associated with a variety of complications resulting from adverse reaction to metal debris. Pseudotumors have rarely been reported to cause deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Study Design. A case report and a review of the literature. Case Presentation. A 75-year-old female who had left metal-on-metal hip resurfacing 6 years ago presented with left groin pain associated with unilateral lower limb edema and swelling. By duplex and MRI studies, our patient had an extensive soft tissue necrosis associated with a large pelvic mass causing extensive DVT of the lower limb secondary to mechanical compression of the left iliac vein. Results. Our case was initially treated for DVT followed by dual surgical approach. The pseudotumor was excised through a separate iliofemoral approach and revision of the hip implant was undertaken through a posterior approach in the same setting. An inferior vena cava (IVC) filter was inserted to minimise the perioperative risks of handling the iliac veins. Conclusion. A combined approach with vascular surgeons is required. Combined resection of the pseudotumor and revision of the metal bearing surfaces is essential, in order to achieve a good surgical outcome in this rare complication.

  8. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor of pleura. A report of three cases of a newly described entity involving the pleura.

    PubMed

    Pinkard, N B; Wilson, R W; Lawless, N; Dodd, L G; McAdams, H P; Koss, M N; Travis, W D

    1996-02-01

    A newly recognized distinctive fibrous soft tissue lesion called "calcifying fibrous pseudotumor" (CFPT) was recently described in the soft tissues of the extremities, trunk, scrotum, groin, neck, or axilla. To date, CFPT has not been described in the pleura. The authors reviewed the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features of three cases. A 23-year old woman and 34-year old man who presented with chest pain, and a 28-year old woman without chest symptoms were found to have a pleural mass on chest radiographs. Computed tomography (CT) scans of each patient revealed pleural-based nodular masses with central areas of increased attenuation due to calcifications. Each lesions consisted of circumscribed, but unencapsulated masses of hyalinized collagenous fibrotic tissue interspersed with lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates and calcifications, many of which had psammomatous features. The lesions were limited to the pleura and did not involve the underlying lung parenchyma. Electron microscopy in one case showed fibroblasts scattered in dense collagenous tissue. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor is distinct from other pleural lesions such as fibrous tumor of pleura, calcified granulomas, calcified pleural plaques, and chronic fibrous pleuritis as well as intrapulmonary lesions such as hyalinizing granuloma, inflammatory pseudotumor, and amyloid. As in the soft tissues, local excision appears adequate therapy for CFPT of the pleura. If these lesions behave in a similar fashion to CFPT of soft tissues, one might expect a low frequency of local recurrence.

  9. Pseudotumor Cerebri

    MedlinePlus

    ... false brain tumor." It is likely due to high pressure within the skull caused by the buildup or poor absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The disorder is most common in women between the ages of 20 and 50. Symptoms ...

  10. Orbital pseudotumor

    MedlinePlus

    ... Goodlick TA, Kay MD, Glaser JS, Tse DT, Chang WJ. Orbital disease and neuro-ophthalmology. In: Tasman ... 423. Review Date 8/20/2016 Updated by: Franklin W. Lusby, MD, ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La ...

  11. Asymptomatic Pseudotumors in Patients with Taper Corrosion of a Dual-Taper Modular Femoral Stem: MARS-MRI and Metal Ion Study.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Young-Min; Khormaee, Sariah; Liow, Ming Han Lincoln; Tsai, Tsung-Yuan; Freiberg, Andrew A; Rubash, Harry E

    2016-10-19

    Modularity in total hip arthroplasty facilitates intraoperative restoration of patient anatomy. Although dual-taper modular total hip arthroplasty offers potential advantages for optimizing the hip center of rotation, it has been associated with modular taper corrosion. This corrosion has led to adverse local tissue reactions (pseudotumors) at the neck-stem junction and elevated metal-ion levels. However, the occurrence of taper-corrosion-related pseudotumors in patients who remain asymptomatic following total hip arthroplasty with a dual-taper modular femoral stem remains largely unknown. The aims of this study were (1) to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic pseudotumors by utilizing metal artifact reduction sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MARS-MRI) and (2) compare serum metal-ion levels between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with a dual-taper modular stem total hip replacement. We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of 97 consecutive patients who had been treated with a dual-taper modular femoral stem total hip arthroplasty. Eighty-three patients were stratified into symptomatic and asymptomatic groups and evaluated with MARS-MRI, measurement of serum metal-ion levels, and the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) functional hip score. The prevalence of pseudotumors as determined with MARS-MRI was 15% in our asymptomatic patients and 36% in the overall cohort. The median serum cobalt level and cobalt/chromium ratio were significantly higher in patients with a pseudotumor than in those without a pseudotumor (8.0 versus 2.0 μg/L [p = 0.004] and 10.3 versus 2.4 μg/L [p = 0.012], respectively). However, there was no significant difference in the serum cobalt level or cobalt/chromium ratio between symptomatic patients with a pseudotumor and asymptomatic patients with a pseudotumor (7.6 versus 6.2 μg/L [p = 0.37] and 8.3 versus 10.6 μg/L [p = 0.46], respectively). The UCLA scores of asymptomatic patients with a pseudotumor were

  12. Small-intestine pneumocystis jiroveci pseudotumor as an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-presenting illness: report of a case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Yi; Shetty, Jayarama; Pins, Michael R

    2012-09-01

    A Pneumocystis jiroveci infection-associated mass clinically mimicking a malignancy (ie, pseudotumor) is rare and usually occurs in the lung in association with Pneumocystis pneumonia. Pneumocystis jiroveci pseudotumors of the small intestine are extremely rare and represent an unusual form of disseminated P jiroveci infection. We present a case of small-intestine P jiroveci pseudotumor as an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-presenting illness in a patient with coinfection with cytomegalovirus, no pulmonary symptoms, and no known risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus infection. This case reinforces the potential importance of cytomegalovirus coinfection in the disseminated form of Pneumocystis infection and illustrates the importance of an expanded differential diagnosis when confronted with a clinically atypical mass lesion.

  13. Case report: Pseudotumor associated with corrosion of a femoral component with a modular neck and a ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing.

    PubMed

    Messana, Joe; Adelani, Muyibat; Goodman, Stuart B

    2014-01-01

    Pseudotumor is a rare complication that can occur following hip arthroplasty. This complication may present with pain, swelling, and decreased function and may lead to bone and soft-tissue destruction. We report a case of pseudotumor formation resulting from corrosion of a modular neck in a hip replacement with a ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing. The patient underwent successful revision surgery using an extended trochanteric osteotomy, removal of the entire stem, and implantation of a new femoral stem and ceramic-polyethylene bearing without a modular neck.

  14. Use of an Intrathecal Catheter for Analgesia, Anesthesia, and Therapy in an Obstetric Patient with Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Gragasin, Ferrante S; Chiarella, Angelo B

    2016-03-15

    Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) is a rare disorder chiefly observed in obese women of childbearing age. We describe a case of a parturient with PTCS managed successfully with an intrathecal catheter, after inadvertent dural puncture, for labor analgesia, surgical anesthesia, and treatment of headache because of intracranial hypertension during the peripartum period. Prolonged placement of the intrathecal catheter (i.e., >24 hours) may have contributed to the absence of postdural puncture headache symptoms and an uneventful postpartum period. Intrathecal catheter placement may therefore be a viable option in patients with PTCS should inadvertent dural puncture occur.

  15. The Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome: A Unifying Pathophysiological Concept for Patients with Isolated Intracranial Hypertension with Neither Mass Lesion Nor Ventriculomegaly

    PubMed Central

    Halmagyi, G. M.; Ahmed, R. M.; Johnston, I. H.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract In 1991 we proposed that while the syndrome of isolated intracranial hypertension might have many definite and probable causes, it has nonetheless a single unifying pathophysiological mechanism: namely, impairment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reabsorption. For that reason, we also proposed then that it is best described by a single, unifying, inclusive term, namely, pseudotumor cerebri syndrome. Although it appears that there is, as far as nomenclature is concerned, now international agreement, there is as yet no agreement on pathophysiology and classification. Herein we outline our views on these matters and give our reasons. PMID:27928307

  16. Orbital Pseudotumor as a Rare Extrahepatic Manifestation of Hepatitis C Infection

    PubMed Central

    Misselwitz, Benjamin; Epprecht, Jana; Mertens, Joachim; Biedermann, Luc; Scharl, Michael; Haralambieva, Eugenia; Lutterotti, Andreas; Weber, Konrad P.; Müllhaupt, Beat; Chaloupka, Karla

    2016-01-01

    Hepatitis C is frequently accompanied by immune-related extrahepatic manifestations affecting the skin, kidneys, central and peripheral nervous system and exocrine glands. We present the case of a 40-year-old man with left-sided ptosis, exophthalmos and headache. MRI demonstrated left-sided orbital pseudotumor with lacrimal and retro-orbital contrast enhancement extending to the cavernous sinus and the vestibulocochlear nerve. Immunological tests of serum and cerebrospinal fluid identified hepatitis C virus (HCV) as a potential causative agent but did not indicate any additional infectious, malignant or immunological disorder. Hepatological evaluation revealed no signs of advanced liver disease. After initial spontaneous improvement, the patient subsequently developed vestibulocochlear failure with gait disorder, tinnitus and transient left-parietal sensory loss. Lacrimal biopsy demonstrated lymphocytic infiltrate, prompting steroid treatment. After initial improvement, steroids could not be tapered below 40 mg daily for several months due to recurrent symptoms. Twelve months after the initial presentation, the patient's chronic HCV infection was successfully treated with sofosbuvir, simeprevir and ribavirin and he remains now free of symptoms without steroids. In patients with chronic hepatitis C, lymphocytic infiltrate of the salivary and lacrimal glands is a frequent phenomenon. However, the extent of the lymphocytic infiltrate beyond the lacrimal gland to the tip of the orbit, cavernous sinus and vestibulocochlear nerve as in our patient is highly unusual. For all symptomatic extrahepatic manifestations of hepatitis C infection, treatment of HCV as the underlying immune stimulus is recommended, and it helped to control the symptoms in our patient. In addition, long-term follow-up for recurrent lymphocyte infiltrate and development of lymphoma is warranted. PMID:27403111

  17. Tenosynovitis with psammomatous calcification: a poorly recognized pseudotumor related to repetitive tendinous injury.

    PubMed

    Shon, Wonwoo; Folpe, Andrew L

    2010-06-01

    Tenosynovitis with psammomatous calcification, described in 1983 by Gravanis and Gaffney, is a distinctive clinicopathologic variant of "idiopathic calcifying tenosynovitis" or "calcific tendonitis." However, tenosynovitis with psammomatous calcification is poorly recognized by pathologists and for this reason has not been adopted widely as a distinct entity. We present the clinicopathologic features of 6 cases of tenosynovitis with psammomatous calcification. Cases involved the tendons, peritendinous soft tissues, and adjacent synovium of the distal extremities (3 fingers, 2 feet, and 1 carpal tendon) of women who ranged in age from 16 to 83 years (mean 48 y). The lesions presented a painful mass. A history of occupational or sports-related repetitive motion and/or persistent mild trauma was noted in all patients. No patient had a history of hyperphosphatemia. All lesions were treated by surgical excision and described clinically as variably cystic nodules composed of amorphous "cheese-like" debris. Histologically, the lesions were centered in the tendon or peritendinous soft tissue and composed of a mixed (myo) fibroblastic and histiocytic proliferation in association with a degenerating tendinous tissue, which was undergoing dystrophic calcification, with the formation of distinctive psammoma body-like spheroidal bodies. The clinical and morphologic characteristics of tenosynovitis with psammomatous calcification (distal location, absent hyperphosphatemia, and psammomatous calcifications) differ from those of typical idiopathic calcifying tenosynovitis/calcific tendinitis (proximal location and dystrophic tendinous calcification) and tumoral calcinosis (hyperphosphatemia and amorphous soft tissue calcification), and it should be recognized as a distinct clinicopathologic entity. Improved recognition of these unique features by pathologists should allow ready diagnosis of this unusual pseudotumor in most instances.

  18. Pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor and IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor: a diagnostic dilemma.

    PubMed

    Bhagat, Priyanka; Bal, Amanjit; Das, Ashim; Singh, Navneet; Singh, Harkant

    2013-12-01

    IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) share morphological features like a prominent fibroblastic/myofibroblastic proliferation and the presence of inflammatory cells. Since IPT is managed conservatively and IMT is treated by surgical excision, it is important to differentiate these two lesions. The aim of this study is to highlight morphological and immunohistochemical features that distinguish IPT and IMT. Clinicopathological characteristics of cases diagnosed as pulmonary IPT or IMT from 1997 to 2013 were reviewed. The histological features were studied on hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections. Immunohistochemistry was done for IgG, IgG4, ALK-1, SMA, desmin, and CD34 for classification into IPT and IMT. Of the ten patients, seven were male and the age ranged from 4 to 58 years. The tumor size ranged from 1.5 to 4.0 cm in diameter. Histologically, proliferation of bland-looking spindle cells along with fibrosis and an inflammatory infiltrate comprising of lymphocytes and plasma cells were the common morphological features of both lesions. The spindle cell proliferation was more marked in IMT whereas lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate was more prominent in IPT. Obstructive phlebitis was observed only in cases of IPT. IgG4 expression was noted in IPT, and the number of IgG4-positive plasma cells and the ratio of IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cells were significantly lower in IMT than in IgG4-related IPT. Expression of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) was observed only in IMT, but not in IgG4-related IPT. The proportion of proliferating spindle cells, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, obstructive phlebitis, IgG4+ plasma cells and the ratio of IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cells, and ALK expression are helpful in differentiating these morphologically similar but biologically different lesions, which require different treatment modalities.

  19. Immunoglobulin G4-associated inflammatory pseudotumor of urinary bladder: a case report.

    PubMed

    Park, Sanghui; Ro, Jae Y; Lee, Dong Hyeon; Choi, Sun Young; Koo, Heasoo

    2013-12-01

    A previously healthy 72-year old woman was admitted with a chief complaint of gross hematuria and fecaluria for 4 months. On initial computed tomographic examination, a lobulated shaped intravesical protruding mass with adhesion to the sigmoid colon was identified. Under a clinical diagnosis of bladder cancer with vesicosigmoid fistula vs sigmoid colon cancer with vesicosigmoid fistula, a frozen section evaluation of the bladder mass was performed to determine the origin of the tumor. Because the frozen section diagnosis of the bladder mass was an inflammatory origin, a partial cystectomy with segmental resection of the adherent sigmoid colon was elected. The microscopic examination of the partial resection of the urinary bladder revealed suburothelial inflammatory mass lesion, involving the entire wall of bladder with extension to the sigmoid colon, which was composed of spindle cells without significant atypia admixed with many lymphocytes, plasma cells, and some scattered eosinophils. Chronic inflammation around nerve bundles, sclerotic fibrosis, and prominent lymphoid follicles with plasma cells were the main features of the mass. No urothelial dysplasia or malignancy was seen. An average of 57 plasma cells per 1 high-power field was immunoreactive for immunoglobulin (Ig) G4 with IgG4/IgG ratio of more than 40%, a diagnostic feature of IgG4-associated inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT), arising in the bladder with the secondary involvement of the sigmoid colon. Recent studies reported many IPTs associated with IgG4 in other locations; however, to the best of our knowledge, IgG4-associated IPT in the urinary bladder has not been reported. We describe herein the first case of IgG4-associated IPT, lymphoplasmacytic type in the urinary bladder.

  20. Oral fluoroquinolones and risk of secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome: Nested case-control study.

    PubMed

    Sodhi, Mohit; Sheldon, Claire A; Carleton, Bruce; Etminan, Mahyar

    2017-08-22

    To quantify the risk of secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) with fluoroquinolones. A case-control study of people 15-60 years of age from the LifeLink Database (QuintilesIMS, Parsippany, NJ) was conducted. Cases had the first ICD-9-CM code for benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) as well as having received a procedure code for an MRI or CT scan and a lumbar puncture within 15 days or 30 days of the BIH code. For each case, 10 controls were selected using density-based sampling. Current users of fluoroquinolones received a prescription within 15 days or 30 days of the date of the diagnosis. For the sensitivity analysis, risk periods for 30 and 60 days were also examined. Adjusted rate ratios (RRs) were computed from a conditional logistic regression model. From a cohort of 6,110,723 people, there were 339 cases of PTCS and 3,390 corresponding controls. In the primary analysis, the adjusted RR for current users of fluoroquinolones for both the 15-day and 30-day definitions were 5.67 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.72-11.83) and 4.15 (95% CI 2.29-7.50), respectively. The risk with tetracycline antibiotics was also increased, with RRs for 15 and 30 days of current use of 2.68 (0.89-8.11) and 3.64 (1.67-7.91), respectively. Our study suggests an increase in the risk of PTCS with current users of fluoroquinolones. Although this adverse event is rare, patients who experience symptoms of raised intracranial pressure including headaches, tinnitus, and double vision while taking fluoroquinolones should seek medical attention. © 2017 American Academy of Neurology.

  1. Orbital pseudotumor can be a localized form of granulomatosis with polyangiitis as revealed by gene expression profiling.

    PubMed

    Rosenbaum, James T; Choi, Dongseok; Wilson, David J; Grossniklaus, Hans E; Harrington, Christina A; Sibley, Cailin H; Dailey, Roger A; Ng, John D; Steele, Eric A; Czyz, Craig N; Foster, Jill A; Tse, David; Alabiad, Chris; Dubovy, Sander; Parekh, Prashant K; Harris, Gerald J; Kazim, Michael; Patel, Payal J; White, Valerie A; Dolman, Peter J; Korn, Bobby S; Kikkawa, Don O; Edward, Deepak P; Alkatan, Hind M; al-Hussain, Hailah; Yeatts, R Patrick; Selva, Dinesh; Stauffer, Patrick; Planck, Stephen R

    2015-10-01

    Biopsies and ANCA testing for limited forms of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) are frequently non-diagnostic. We characterized gene expression in GPA and other causes of orbital inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that a sub-set of patients with non-specific orbital inflammation (NSOI, also known as pseudotumor) mimics a limited form of GPA. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded orbital biopsies were obtained from controls (n=20) and patients with GPA (n=6), NSOI (n=25), sarcoidosis (n=7), or thyroid eye disease (TED) (n=20) and were divided into discovery and validation sets. Transcripts in the tissues were quantified using Affymetrix U133 Plus 2.0 microarrays. Distinct gene expression profiles for controls and subjects with GPA, TED, or sarcoidosis were evident by principal coordinate analyses. Compared with healthy controls, 285 probe sets had elevated signals in subjects with GPA and 1472 were decreased (>1.5-fold difference, false discovery rate adjusted p<0.05). The immunoglobulin family of genes had the most dramatic increase in expression. Although gene expression in GPA could be readily distinguished from gene expression in TED, sarcoidosis, or controls, a comparison of gene expression in GPA versus NSOI found no statistically significant differences. Thus, forms of orbital inflammation can be distinguished based on gene expression. NSOI/pseudotumor is heterogeneous but often may be an unrecognized, localized form of GPA.

  2. Jugular Foramen Collision Tumor (Schwannoma and Plasma Cell Pseudotumor), a Probable IgG4-Related Disease: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Bakhit, Mudathir S; Fujii, Masazumi; Jinguji, Shinya; Sato, Taku; Sakuma, Jun; Saito, Kiyoshi

    2017-04-06

    Lower cranial nerve sheath tumors are relatively rare, and cases of schwannoma collision tumors have rarely been reported, with most of the reported cases describing schwannoma and meningioma collision tumors. We report a very rare case of a cerebellopontine angle collision tumor of the 9(th) cranial nerve schwannoma with an IgG4 plasma cell pseudotumor. IgG4 plasma cell pseudotumors comprise a group of diseases called IgG4-related diseases (IgG4-RDs). These diseases usually affect organs such as the pancreas and salivary gland. Few cases of nervous system IgG4-RDs have been reported. Under intraoperative microscopy, the tumor in our case did not appear different from usual cases of schwannoma, but histopathology showed significant infiltration of IgG4 plasma cells. IgG4-RDs have a distinctive histopathological pattern; however, their pathophysiology remains unclear. Special attention must be paid to the diagnosis of such diseases because they mimic other diseases and can be missed.

  3. No association between pseudotumors, high serum metal-ion levels and metal hypersensitivity in large-head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty at 5-7-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Hjorth, Mette Holm; Stilling, Maiken; Soballe, Kjeld; Bolvig, Lars Hans; Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan; Mechlenburg, Inger; Jakobsen, Stig Storgaard

    2016-01-01

    The relationship between metal wear debris, pseudotumor formation and metal hypersensitivity is complex and not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of pseudotumor formation in a consecutive series of metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to investigate its relationship to serum metal-ion levels and hypersensitivity to metal. Forty-one patients (31 males), mean age 52 (28-68) years, with a total of 49 large-head MoM THA participated in a 5-7-year follow-up study. Patients underwent ultrasonography, serum metal-ion concentrations were measured, metal allergy and atopic dermatitis were evaluated, and the questionnaires of the Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Harris Hip Score (HHS) and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) were completed. Pseudotumors were found in eight patients, but they were asymptomatic and their serum metal-ion levels were similar to those observed in patients with no pseudotumors (p > 0.36). The capsule-stem distance of mean 8.6 mm (SD 3.82, 95% CI: 5.40-11.79) was wider (p = 0.02) in patients with pseudotumours than in patients without pseudotumors of mean 5.6 mm (SD 2.89, 95% CI: 4.68-6.58). Positive patch test reactions were seen in three patients. Higher serum metal-ion levels of chromium and cobalt were significantly correlated with steeper cup inclination and smaller femoral head sizes, and were associated with female gender (p < 0.04). We found no association between pseudotumor formation, serum metal-ion levels, metal patch test reactivity, and atopic dermatitis. However, clinicians should be aware of asymptomatic pseudotumors, and we advise further exploration into the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of pseudotumors.

  4. Pseudotumoral hemicerebellitis as a mimicker of Lhermitte-Duclos disease in children: does neuroimaging help to differentiate them?

    PubMed

    Bosemani, Thangamadhan; Steinlin, Maja; Toelle, Sandra P; Beck, Jürgen; Boltshauser, Eugen; Huisman, Thierry A G M; Poretti, Andrea

    2016-05-01

    The clinical presentation and neuroimaging findings of children with pseudotumoral hemicerebellitis (PTHC) and Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) may be very similar. The differentiation between these entities, however, is important because their management and prognosis are different. We report on three children with PTHC. For all three children, in the acute situation, the differentiation between PTHC and LDD was challenging. A review of the literature shows that a detailed evaluation of conventional and neuroimaging data may help to differentiate between these two entities. A striated folial pattern, brainstem involvement, and prominent veins surrounding the thickened cerebellar foliae on susceptibility weighted imaging favor LDD, while post-contrast enhancement and an increased choline peak on (1)H-Magnetic resonance spectroscopy suggest PTHC.

  5. IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor of the kidney mimicking renal cell carcinoma: A case report.

    PubMed

    Cai, Y I; Li, Han-Zhong; Zhang, Yu-Shi

    2016-05-01

    IgG4-related disease is a recently recognized clinical entity. It is characterized by diffuse organ swelling or mass formation, a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4-positive plasma cells with fibrosis and typically an increased serum IgG4 concentration, which may affect various organs. An 80-year-old woman with an otherwise unremarkable previous medical history was revealed to have a renal mass that was indicative of renal malignant carcinoma, for which a radical nephrectomy was performed. The mass was diagnosed as an IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor, which was histopathologically confirmed. The patient is currently well without evidence of IgG4-related disease at 3 months post-surgery, and did not require any additional therapy.

  6. Cytopathology of a primary follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of the liver of the inflammatory pseudotumor-like type.

    PubMed

    Granados, Rosario; Aramburu, José Antonio; Rodríguez, José María; Nieto, María Antonia

    2008-01-01

    Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is an exceedingly uncommon tumor of lymph nodes and extranodal tissues. The inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT)-like variant of FDC sarcoma of intraabdominal location is considered a separate entity, with different clinical and pathological features than those of the classic FDC tumor. There have been only 12 cytological reports of FDC sarcomas in the literature. Two of them were metastases to the liver and, like our case, had features of IPT. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and imprint and scrape cytology from the surgically excised tumor here reported revealed spindle tumor cells with moderate pleomorphism, nuclear grooves, prominent nucleoli, and cytoplasmic processes, admixed with inflammatory cells. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first cytology report of a primary hepatic FDC tumor. The cytological findings permit the recognition of this tumor. However, confirmation by inmunohistochemistry (IHQ) is mandatory for a definitive diagnosis.

  7. Association of Clinical Response and Long-term Outcome Among Patients With Biopsied Orbital Pseudotumor Receiving Modern Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Prabhu, Roshan S.; Kandula, Shravan; Liebman, Lang; Wojno, Ted H.; Hayek, Brent; Hall, William A.; Shu, Hui-Kuo; Crocker, Ian

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate institutional outcomes for patients treated with modern radiation therapy (RT) for biopsied orbital pseudotumor (OP). Methods and Materials: Twenty patients (26 affected orbits) with OP were treated with RT between January 2002 and December 2011. All patients underwent biopsy with histopathologic exclusion of other disease processes. Sixteen patients (80%) were treated with intensity modulated RT, 3 (15%) with opposed lateral beams, and 1 (5%) with electrons. Median RT dose was 27 Gy (range 25.2-30.6 Gy). Response to RT was evaluated at 4 months post-RT. Partial response (PR) was defined as improvement in orbital symptoms without an increase in steroid dose. Complete response (CR) 1 and CR 2 were defined as complete resolution of orbital symptoms with reduction in steroid dose (CR 1) or complete tapering of steroids (CR 2). The median follow-up period was 18.6 months (range 4-81.6 months). Results: Seventeen patients (85%) demonstrated response to RT, with 7 (35%), 1 (5%), and 9 (45%) achieving a PR, CR 1, and CR 2, respectively. Of the 17 patients who had ≥PR at 4 months post-RT, 6 (35%) experienced recurrence of symptoms. Age (>46 years vs ≤46 years, P=.04) and clinical response to RT (CR 2 vs CR 1/PR, P=.05) were significantly associated with pseudotumor recurrence. Long-term complications were seen in 7 patients (35%), including 4 with cataract formation, 1 with chronic dry eye, 1 with enophthalmos, and 1 with keratopathy. Conclusions: RT is an effective treatment for improving symptoms and tapering steroids in patients with a biopsy supported diagnosis of OP. Older age and complete response to RT were associated with a significantly reduced probability of symptom recurrence. The observed late complications may be related to RT, chronic use of steroids/immunosuppressants, medical comorbidities, or combination of factors.

  8. Factitial soft tissue pseudotumor due to injection of anabolic steroids: a report of 3 cases in 2 patients.

    PubMed

    Weinreb, Ilan; Goldblum, John R; Rubin, Brian P

    2010-03-01

    Traumatically induced inflammation or reactive processes are a relatively well-known phenomenon in both skin and soft tissue. These include panniculitides, fat necrosis, nodular fasciitis, and nonspecific fibrosis. Occasionally, traumatic reactions can be associated with factitial injury due to self-induced blunt trauma or injection of chemical agents. Factitial pseudotumors of soft tissue mimicking neoplasms and occurring in deep-seated locations are rare and not well recognized. We have had the opportunity to review a handful of cases over the years of soft tissue pseudotumors caused by self injection of steroids for the purposes of bodybuilding. Three of these cases in 2 patients are presented here. One patient developed a deep lateral thigh mass that was radiologically suspicious for sarcoma but upon core biopsy was found to be a lipogranulomatous reaction. The second patient had 2 masses occurring in the upper and lower extremity with an interval of 1 year between the two. This patient had both masses resected. The first had the appearance of a giant cell tumor with no immediately discernible foreign material. The second mass was initially presumed to be a metastasis from the upper extremity tumor and showed similar areas to the first specimen; however, it also had areas of obvious reactive features with foreign material. These features were found in the first tumor as well upon retrospective review. Both patients admitted to self injection of anabolic steroids after further history was sought by the clinicians. Deep soft tissue pseudosarcomas caused by injection of steroids are not well documented, and patient's reluctance to provide this information leads to difficulty in arriving at a correct diagnosis. Recognition of this possibility is important in avoiding incorrect diagnoses and unnecessary treatments.

  9. A 17-year-old male with pseudotumor cerebri secondary to performance-enhancing steroids triggering venous thrombosis in the brain.

    PubMed

    DeSena, Allen D; Weimer, Stephen

    2009-03-01

    This article is a case report of a 17-year-old male who presented with a headache and blurry vision. He subsequently was noted to have papilledema on a fundoscopic examination and an initial normal magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography of his head; his condition was, therefore, diagnosed as pseudotumor cerebri. A subsequent magnetic resonance venography of his head revealed venous thrombosis, and other investigations revealed an elevated factor VIII level as well as a mutation at the MTHFR locus, consistent with an elevated risk for hypercoagulability. In addition, he admitted to steroid usage for purposes of performance enhancement in baseball. The patient's condition eventually improved with acetazolamide and serial lumbar punctures. Steroids have been linked to predisposition to hypercoagulable states, but there are no reports identified by these authors that link performance-enhancing steroids with pseudotumor cerebri as a result of a coagulation dyscrasia.

  10. Pseudo-tumor of the scrotum, a rare clinical presentation of dirofilariasis: a report of two autochtonous cases due to Dirofilaria repens

    PubMed Central

    Leccia, Nathalie; Patouraux, Stephanie; Carpentier, Xavier; Boissy, Christian; Giudice, Pascal Del; Parks, Scott; Michiels, Jean François; Ambrosetti1,5, Damien

    2012-01-01

    In Europe, human dirofilariasis refers to a group of autochtonous parasitic infections caused by tissue nematodes of the genus Dirofilaria, responsible for two distinct clinical presentations: Dirofilaria immitis usually presenting as pulmonary lesions and Dirofilaria repens as subcutaneous nodules. Rare in humans, genital involvement manifests itself as pseudotumor nodules affecting the scrotum, epididymis, or spermatic cord. We report on two cases of Dirofilaria repens infections, involving the spermatic cord and epididymis. PMID:23182143

  11. Case report of anti-transcription intermediary factor-1-γ/α antibody-positive dermatomyositis associated with gastric cancer and immunoglobulin G4-positive pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor.

    PubMed

    Ito, Kotaro; Imafuku, Shinichi; Hamaguchi, Yasuhito; Fujimoto, Manabu; Nakayama, Juichiro

    2013-07-01

    Dermatomyositis is a rare connective tissue disease often associated with internal malignancy and interstitial pneumonitis. Serologically, various auto-antibodies (Ab) are associated with dermatomyositis. Anti-transcription intermediary factor-1-γ/α (TIF-1-γ/α) Ab was recently identified as an auto-Ab and was observed mostly in cancer-associated dermatomyositis. IgG4-related disease is a newly described entity characterized by increased serum IgG4 levels and IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration with fibrosis in organs such as the pancreas and parotid gland. IgG4-related disease also includes inflammatory pseudotumors in various organs. We report herein a 59-year-old Japanese man who had dermatomyositis complicated with a gastric cancer and an IgG4-related pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor. He manifested typical classical Gottron's papules on the fingers, V-sign erythema on the chest, flagellate erythema on the back, nail fold bleeding and facial erythema. Serum levels of anti-TIF-1-γ/α Ab were positive as assessed by immunoprecipitation assay. He also had bilateral swelling of the parotid gland, and an excised specimen of the lung showed inflammatory pseudotumor with IgG4-positive plasma cells. As far as we know, this case is the first to report the association of IgG4-related disease and TIF-1-γ/α-positive dermatomyositis. Further accumulation of such cases is required to elucidate the mechanism of this association.

  12. Pseudotumor Cerebri in a Child with Idiopathic Growth Hormone Insufficiency Two Months after Initiation of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Loukianou, Eleni; Tasiopoulou, Anastasia; Demosthenous, Constantinos; Brouzas, Dimitrios

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To report a rare case of pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) in a child two months after receiving treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) and to emphasize the need of close collaboration between ophthalmologists and pediatric endocrinologists in monitoring children receiving rhGH. Methods. A 12-year-old boy with congenital hypothyroidism started treatment with rhGH on a dose of 1,5 mg/daily IM (4.5 IU daily). Eight weeks later, he was complaining of severe headache without any other accompanying symptoms. The child was further investigated with computed tomography scan and lumbar puncture. Results. Computed tomography scan showed normal ventricular size and lumbar puncture revealed an elevated opening pressure of 360 mm H2O. RhGH was discontinued and acetazolamide 250 mg per os twice daily was initiated. Eight weeks later, the papilledema was resolved. Conclusions. There appears to be a causal relationship between the initiation of treatment with rhGH and the development of PTC. All children receiving rhGH should have a complete ophthalmological examination if they report headache or visual disturbances shortly after the treatment. Discontinuation of rhGH and initiation of treatment with acetazolamide may be needed and regular follow-up examinations by an ophthalmologist should be recommended. PMID:26966604

  13. An integrated mechanism of pediatric pseudotumor cerebri syndrome: evidence of bioenergetic and hormonal regulation of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics

    PubMed Central

    Sheldon, Claire A.; Kwon, Young Joon; Liu, Grant T.; McCormack, Shana E.

    2015-01-01

    Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) is defined by the presence of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) in the setting of normal brain parenchyma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Headache, vision changes, and papilledema are common presenting features. Up to 10% of appropriately treated patients may experience permanent visual loss. The mechanism(s) underlying PTCS is unknown. PTCS occurs in association with a variety of conditions, including kidney disease, obesity, and adrenal insufficiency, suggesting endocrine and/or metabolic derangements may occur. Recent studies suggest that fluid and electrolyte balance in renal epithelia is regulated by a complex interaction of metabolic and hormonal factors; these cells share many of the same features as the choroid plexus cells in the central nervous system (CNS) responsible for regulation of CSF dynamics. Thus, we posit that similar factors may influence CSF dynamics in both types of fluid-sensitive tissues. Specifically, we hypothesize that, in patients with PTCS, mitochondrial metabolites (glutamate, succinate) and steroid hormones (cortisol, aldosterone) regulate CSF production and/or absorption. In this integrated mechanism review, we consider the clinical and molecular evidence for each metabolite and hormone in turn. We illustrate how related intracellular signaling cascades may converge in the choroid plexus, drawing on evidence from functionally similar tissues. PMID:25420176

  14. Macular thickness measurements with frequency domain-OCT for quantification of axonal loss in chronic papilledema from pseudotumor cerebri syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Monteiro, M L R; Afonso, C L

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the ability of frequency domain-optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT)-measured macular thickness parameters to differentiate between eyes with resolved chronic papilledema and healthy eyes and to evaluate the correlation between FD-OCT measures and visual field (VF) loss on standard automated perimetry (SAP). Methods Fifty-two eyes from 29 patients suffering from pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTC) and 62 eyes from 31 normal controls underwent FD-OCT scanning and ophthalmic evaluation including VF with SAP. All patients had previously been submitted to treatment of PTC and had clinically resolved papilledema and stable VF for at least 6 months before the study. Macular and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measurements were determined for both groups. Comparisons were made using Generalized Estimated Equations. Correlations between FD-OCT and VF measurements were verified. Results In eyes with resolved papilledema, the macular thickness parameters corresponding to the inner and outer superior, temporal, inferior and nasal segments, average macular thickness and most RNFL thickness measurements were significantly reduced when compared with controls. The discrimination ability was similar for macular thickness measurements and RNFL thickness measurements. Both sets of OCT measurements correlated well with VF sensitivity loss. Conclusions Eyes with resolved chronic papilledema show a significant reduction in macular thickness, which is well correlated with the severity of VF loss. Macular thickness measurements can potentially be used to estimate and monitor the amount of ganglion cell loss in eyes with papilledema from patients with PTC. PMID:24406417

  15. Gluteal muscle fatty atrophy is not associated with elevated blood metal ions or pseudotumors in patients with a unilateral metal-on-metal hip replacement

    PubMed Central

    Reito, Aleksi; Elo, Petra; Nieminen, Jyrki; Puolakka, Timo; Eskelinen, Antti

    2016-01-01

    Background and purpose There are no international guidelines to define adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD). Muscle fatty atrophy has been reported to be common in patients with failing metal-on-metal (MoM) hip replacements. We assessed whether gluteal muscle fatty atrophy is associated with elevated blood metal ion levels and pseudotumors. Patients and methods 263 consecutive patients with unilateral ASR XL total hip replacement using a posterior approach and with an unoperated contralateral hip were included in the study. All patients had undergone a standard screening program at our institution, including MRI and blood metal ion measurement. Muscle fatty atrophy was graded as being absent, mild, moderate, or severe in each of the gluteal muscles. Results The prevalance of moderate-to-severe gluteal muscle atrophy was low (12% for gluteus minimus, 10% for gluteus medius, and 2% for gluteus maximus). Muscle atrophy was neither associated with elevated blood metal ion levels (> 5 ppb) nor with the presence of a clear (solid- or mixed-type) pseudotumor seen in MRI. A combination of moderate-to-severe atrophy in MRI, elevated blood metal ion levels, and MRI-confirmed mixed or solid pseudotumor was rare. Multivariable regression revealed that “preoperative diagnosis other than osteoarthrosis” was the strongest predictor of the presence of fatty atrophy. Interpretation Gluteal muscle atrophy may be a clinically significant finding with influence on hip muscle strength in patients with MoM hip replacement. However, our results suggest that gluteal muscle atrophy seen in MRI is not associated with either the presence or severity of ARMD, at least not in patients who have been operated on using the posterior approach. PMID:26427902

  16. Narrowing of Meckel's cave and cavernous sinus and enlargement of the optic nerve sheath in Pseudotumor Cerebri.

    PubMed

    Degnan, Andrew Joseph; Levy, Lucien M

    2011-01-01

    Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is a clinical entity of uncertain etiology associated with several subtle findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including posterior flattening of the globes, enlargement of the optic nerve sheath (ONS), empty sella sign. We aimed to characterize the incidence of and significance of 2 novel MRI findings: narrowing of Meckel's cave and of cavernous sinus. Forty-six patients with a condition diagnosed as PTC based on clinical history were retrospectively reviewed, and their MRI studies were assessed for previously reported imaging findings associated with PTC. The maximal diameters of the cavernous sinuses, Meckel's caves, and ONSs were measured along with those of age-matched controls on axial T2-weighted images. The Meckel's caves and cavernous sinuses are significantly (P < 0.01) narrowed in patients (mean diameters: 0.41 and 0.25 cm) versus controls (0.54 and 0.36 cm), respectively. The ONS was enlarged in patients with a mean diameter of 0.65 cm versus 0.54 cm (P < 0.01). Meckel's cave narrowing and ONS enlargement seem to be better indicators of PTC than cavernous sinus narrowing, with sensitivities of 78.3% and 86.9% and specificities of 84.8% and 76.1% versus 60.9% and 76.1%, respectively. This finding of narrowed Meckel's caves in PTC may be clinically useful as a novel imaging finding seen on routine MRI studies. Optic nerve sheath enlargement is also confirmed as an important finding in PTC.

  17. Immunoglobulin G4-related epidural inflammatory pseudotumor presenting with pulmonary complications and spinal cord compression: case report.

    PubMed

    Rumalla, Kavelin; Smith, Kyle A; Arnold, Paul M

    2017-03-17

    Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently defined condition characterized by inflammatory tumefactive lesions in various organ systems. IgG4-RD is a clinical and radiological diagnosis of exclusion and requires the presence of specific histopathological criteria for diagnosis. A 50-year-old man presented to an outside hospital with a 3-month history of progressively worsening back pain and symptoms of pleurisy, nasal crusting, and hematochezia. Radiological workup revealed an epidural-paraspinal mass with displacement of the spinal cord, destruction of the T5-6 vertebrae, and extension into the right lung. Biopsy sampling and subsequent histopathological analysis revealed dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate with an increased number of IgG4-positive plasma cells and a storiform pattern of fibrosis. With strong histopathological evidence of IgG4-RD, the patient was started on a regimen of prednisone. Further testing ruled out malignant neoplasm, infectious etiologies, and other autoimmune diseases. Two weeks later, the patient presented with acute-onset paraplegia due to spinal cord compression. The patient underwent decompression laminectomy of T5-6, posterior instrumented fusion of T2-8, and debulking of the epidural-paraspinal mass. After the continued administration of glucocorticosteroids, the patient improved remarkably to near-normal strength in the lower extremities and sensory function 6 months after surgery. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of IgG4-related epidural inflammatory pseudotumor and spinal cord compression in the United States. This case highlights the importance of early administration of glucocorticosteroids, which were essential to preventing further progression and preventing relapse. IgG4-RD evaluation is important after other diseases in the differential diagnosis are ruled out.

  18. A case of IgG4-related hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor replaced by an abscess after steroid treatment.

    PubMed

    Shibata, Masayuki; Matsubayashi, Hiroyuki; Aramaki, Tsuyoshi; Uesaka, Katsuhiko; Tsutsumi, Naoyuki; Sasaki, Keiko; Ono, Hiroyuki

    2016-08-02

    Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare disease which often mimics a malignant tumor and is therefore often misdiagnosed and surgically resected. Recently, a concept of IgG4-related diseases (IgG4-RD) has been proposed that is becoming widely recognized and includes IgG4-related hepatic IPT. Corticosteroids are widely accepted as the standard treatment. A 72-year-old Japanese man, who had been followed for ten years after surgery and chemotherapy for treatment of hilar and lower bile duct cancers, developed intermittent fever and abdominal pain and visited this hospital. Blood examinations revealed an inflammatory reaction, worsened glucose intolerance, and an increased level of serum IgG4 (137 mg/dL). Computed tomography (CT) revealed a 5 cm-sized mass in hepatic segment 7. Because of his cancer history, not only was a benign mass suspected, but there was also the possibility of a recurrent biliary malignancy. Liver biopsy was performed and the histology met the criteria for IgG4-related IPT. Corticosteroid therapy was initiated and his symptoms quickly resolved. However, two months later, a repeat CT demonstrated that the hepatic mass had been replaced by an abscess. The abscess was initially refractory, despite tapering corticosteroid treatment, controlling diabetes by intensive insulin therapy, administration of antibiotics, and percutaneous abscess drainage. Finally, after six months, the condition resolved. The diagnosis of hepatic IPT is sometimes difficult. To differentiate it from a malignant tumor, histological examination is necessary. Although corticosteroids are recognized as the standard therapy, unexpected and critical complications can develop in cases of IgG4-related hepatic IPT.

  19. A Rare presentation of neurobrucellosis in a child with Recurrent transient ischemic attacks and pseudotumor cerebri (A case report and review of literature)

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Brucellosis is a multi-system infectious disease that presents with various manifestations and complications. Neurobrucellosis is an uncommon but serious presentation of brucellosis that can be seen in all stages of the disease. High index of suspicion, especially in endemic areas is essential to prevent morbidity from this disease. The case was an 11- year -old female patient who was admitted with a severe headache that was worsening over a period of 2 months. The day after each attack, she experienced transient right hemiparesia that was lasting less than one hour (TIA) as well as blurred vision and bilateral papilledema. Laboratory findings revealed serum agglutination Wright test positive at 1/320 and 2ME test positive at 1/160. A lumbar puncture showed a clear CSF with increased opening pressure (32 cmH2O), CSF examination was within normal range (pseudotumor cerebri).To our knowledge, there has been no report for recurrent TIA in pediatric neurobrucellosis in the base of pseudotumor cerebri. In endemic areas like Iran, unexplained neurological signs or symptoms should be evaluated for brucellosis. PMID:24949055

  20. A Rare presentation of neurobrucellosis in a child with Recurrent transient ischemic attacks and pseudotumor cerebri (A case report and review of literature).

    PubMed

    2014-01-01

    Brucellosis is a multi-system infectious disease that presents with various manifestations and complications. Neurobrucellosis is an uncommon but serious presentation of brucellosis that can be seen in all stages of the disease. High index of suspicion, especially in endemic areas is essential to prevent morbidity from this disease. The case was an 11- year -old female patient who was admitted with a severe headache that was worsening over a period of 2 months. The day after each attack, she experienced transient right hemiparesia that was lasting less than one hour (TIA) as well as blurred vision and bilateral papilledema. Laboratory findings revealed serum agglutination Wright test positive at 1/320 and 2ME test positive at 1/160. A lumbar puncture showed a clear CSF with increased opening pressure (32 cmH2O), CSF examination was within normal range (pseudotumor cerebri).To our knowledge, there has been no report for recurrent TIA in pediatric neurobrucellosis in the base of pseudotumor cerebri. In endemic areas like Iran, unexplained neurological signs or symptoms should be evaluated for brucellosis.

  1. Pseudotumors of the placenta.

    PubMed

    Bruner, Evelyn T

    2016-01-01

    The placenta is one of the most common gross pathology specimens encountered by surgical pathologists, yet primary tumors are exceptionally rare and even rarer are entities with the potential to mimic malignancy. There are many nonneoplasticmass forming lesions in the placenta that are important to be aware of as many of these can be associated with adverse outcomes in the mother and fetus. Also important are entities which may be observed microscopically in the placenta and potentially confused as a malignancy. Knowledge of these potential pitfalls is essential to avoid making an incorrect diagnosis and causing undue alarm.

  2. [Pseudotumoral allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis].

    PubMed

    Otero González, I; Montero Martínez, C; Blanco Aparicio, M; Valiño López, P; Verea Hernando, H

    2000-06-01

    Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) develops as the result of a hypersensitivity reaction to fungi of the genus Aspergillus. Clinical and radiological presentation can be atypical, requiring a high degree of suspicion on the part of the physician who treats such patients. We report the cases of two patients with APBA in whom the form of presentation--with few asthma symptoms, images showing lobar atelectasia and hilar adenopathy--led to an initial suspicion of lung cancer.

  3. Tubo-Ovarian Abscess (with/without Pseudotumor Area) Mimicking Ovarian Malignancy: Role of Diffusion-Weighted MR Imaging with Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Values

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Tingting; Li, Wenhua; Wu, Xiangru; Yin, Bing; Chu, Caiting; Ding, Ming; Cui, Yanfen

    2016-01-01

    Objective To assess the added value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values compared to MRI, for characterizing the tubo-ovarian abscesses (TOA) mimicking ovarian malignancy. Materials and Methods Patients with TOA (or ovarian abscess alone; n = 34) or ovarian malignancy (n = 35) who underwent DWI and MRI were retrospectively reviewed. The signal intensity of cystic and solid component of TOAs and ovarian malignant tumors on DWI and the corresponding ADC values were evaluated, as well as clinical characteristics, morphological features, MRI findings were comparatively analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis based on logistic regression was applied to identify different imaging characteristics between the two patient groups and assess the predictive value of combination diagnosis with area under the curve (AUC) analysis. Results The mean ADC value of the cystic component in TOA was significantly lower than in malignant tumors (1.04 ± 0 .41 × 10−3 mm2/s vs. 2.42 ± 0.38 × 10−3 mm2/s; p < 0.001). The mean ADC value of the enhanced solid component in 26 TOAs was 1.43 ± 0.16×10−3mm2/s, and 46.2% (12 TOAs; pseudotumor areas) showed significantly higher signal intensity on DW-MRI than in ovarian malignancy (mean ADC value 1.44 ± 0.20×10−3 mm2/s vs.1.18 ± 0.36 × 10−3 mm2/s; p = 0.043). The combination diagnosis of ADC value and dilated tubal structure achieved the best AUC of 0.996. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of MRI vs. DWI with ADC values for predicting TOA were 47.1%, 91.4%, 84.2%, 64%, and 69.6% vs. 100%, 97.1%, 97.1%, 100%, and 98.6%, respectively. Conclusions DW-MRI is superior to MRI in the assessment of TOA mimicking ovarian malignancy, and the ADC values aid in discriminating the pseudotumor area of TOA from the solid portion of ovarian malignancy. PMID:26894926

  4. Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (Pseudotumor Cerebri)

    MedlinePlus

    ... is suspected, an ophthalmologist usually examines the optic nerve for swelling (papilledema) and the visual field (if possible) for defects. If MRI is unremarkable, a lumbar puncture (spinal tap) is performed to determine the ...

  5. Sarcoidosis presenting as orbital pseudotumor.

    PubMed

    Kobak, S; Topaloglu, A; Öncel, G; Karaarslan, A

    2015-09-16

    Sarcoidosis is a systemic multiorgan disorder of unknown etiology characterized by a non-caseating granuloma reaction. Ocular involvement has been reported in 25-60% of the patients. Seven percent of the patients with sarcoidosis may first see an ophthalmologist due to ocular complaints. This report aims to present our diagnostic and treatment approach to a female patient with significant unilateral lacrimal gland swelling and musculoskeletal involvement, who was diagnosed with sarcoidosis on the basis of tests and histological studies.

  6. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension: pseudotumor cerebri.

    PubMed

    Kosmorsky, Gregory S

    2014-02-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is most often diagnosed in young obese females of childbearing years. The diagnosis is made based on the modified Dandy criteria and the exclusion of alternate causes of raised intracranial pressure. The focus of this review is to provide an overview of the diagnosis and treatment options for patients with IIH. There are long-term consequences for patients experiencing IIH, with visual loss being the most serious. We conclude that the diagnosis of IIH is not usually difficult. An ophthalmologic examination is essential in patients with IIH to monitor visual function. A neurologist or neurosurgeon may be needed at some point for medical and/or surgical intervention. © 2014 American Headache Society.

  7. [Pseudotumor form of urinary tuberculosis].

    PubMed

    Rabii, Redouane; Moufid, Kamal; Joual, Abdenbi; Maani, Ahmed; Bennani, Saad; el Mrini, Mohamed

    2002-12-01

    Urogenital tuberculosis is an increasingly frequent serious disease. The diagnosis is often delayed due to the marked clinical polymorphism, leading to serious sequelae. The diagnosis of typical forms is easy, but some forms are misleading and can lead to an incorrect diagnosis. The authors report a pseudoneoplastic form of urogenital tuberculosis in a young patient that was initially diagnosed as lymphoma. In the light of this case and a review of the literature, the authors emphasize the diagnostic difficulties of these forms and the treatment modalities.

  8. A Rare Case of Epstein-Barr Virus Negative Inflammatory Pseudotumor-like Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma Presenting as a Solitary Colonic Mass in a 53-Year-Old Woman; Case Report and Review of Literature.

    PubMed

    Kazemimood, Rossana; Saei Hamedani, Farid; Sharif, Asma; Gaitonde, Sujata; Wiley, Elizabeth; Giulianotti, Pier Cristoforo; Groth, John Vincent

    2016-06-13

    Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is a rare neoplasm that occurs predominantly in lymph nodes. One third of FDC sarcomas happens in extranodal sites. There are 2 morphologic variants of this tumor: conventional and inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT)-like. IPT-like FDC sarcomas are reported mostly in females and usually involve the spleen and liver. In all cases of IPT-like FDC sarcoma the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was positive by in situ hybridization except one instance. We report a case of 53-year-old woman who presented with abdominal discomfort. Colonoscopy identified a sessile polypoid mass. Microscopically, there was a prominent lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. Interspersed among the reactive lymphoid cells were large, pleomorphic stromal cells with marked atypia, irregular and multilobed nuclei, and hyperchromatic smudged chromatin. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated the atypical stromal cells to be strongly positive for CD10 and D2-40, but negative for CD21, CD23, Clusterin, and epidermal growth factor receptor. EBV-encoded mRNA was negative. A diagnosis of IPT-like FDC sarcoma was rendered. To our knowledge, this is the second case of EBV-negative IPT-like FDC sarcoma reported so far in the literature.

  9. Pseudotumoral form of cerebral Schistosomiasis Mansoni

    PubMed Central

    Romero, FR; Zanini, MA; Ducati, LG; Gabarra, RC; Haddad, GR; de Souza, V

    2012-01-01

    The authors report a case of 36-year-old woman presented with epileptic seizures and headaches. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an enhancing lesion with surrounding edema and mild mass effect in the left frontal lobe. Stereotactic brain biopsy demonstrated intraparenchymal granulomas surrounding S. mansoni eggs. Praziquantel was started (60mg/kg of body weight, in a single dose), followed by Prednisone (80mg/day) for seven days to treat the cerebral edema. The patient’s symptoms resolved following medical treatment and the follow-up MRI yielded normal findings. PMID:24960795

  10. [Cerebral actinomycosis pseudotumor: a case report].

    PubMed

    Battikh, R; M'Sadek, F; Bougrine, F; Madhi, W; Ben Abdelhafidh, N; Bouziani, A; Yedeas, M; Othmani, S

    2011-03-01

    Cerebral actinomycosis is rare and difficult to diagnose. We report a case of a 45-year-old man hospitalized for seizures associated with fever and left hemiparesis. The white cell count and C-reactive protein were elevated. HIV serology was negative. Blood cultures remained sterile. The CT scan revealed hyperdense nodular lesions in the occipital area, with annular contrast uptake and peripheral edema causing a mass effect, suggestive of brain metastasis. The pathology examination of a surgical specimen disclosed cerebral actinomycosis. A dental origin of the infection was suspected. Hemiparesis remained after a 12-month antibiotic regimen associated with dental care and short-term corticosteroid therapy. Actinomycosis should be discussed as a possible diagnosis for all cerebral lesions, particularly in patients with a potential dental infection. Histology is required for positive diagnosis. Antibiotic therapy alone is generally sufficient; surgery is often performed for diagnostic purposes. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  11. Pseudotumoral tuberculous ureteritis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Tuberculosis is still endemic in Morocco and the urogenital form is common. This form is characterized by clinical polymorphism. However, the isolated ureteric form is very rare. The differential diagnosis might be raised in tumoral cases while undertaking surgical excision which is the realistic choice. Hence, we report an isolated ureteric tuberculosis case, and we discuss the clinical, imaging, diagnostic and therapeutical features. Case presentation A 30-year-old Moroccan man consulted us for left back pain associated with urinary frequency and a few macroscopic episodes of hematuria for the past six months. A computed tomography urography revealed a left hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to focal wall thickening of the left lumbar ureter. Hence, we had diagnosed a ureteral tumor. However, a clinical examination showed irritative voiding symptoms and epididymal disorders associated with prostate infection suggesting a Koch’s bacillus assessment of the patient’s urine of which the results proved strongly positive. The treatment consisted of establishing a double-J ureteric stent to drain the left kidney, followed by antituberculous antibiotics. Conclusion Urogenital tuberculosis is common in endemic countries, however isolated ureter affection is rare. It is important to consider a ureteral tuberculosis diagnosis whenever ureteral thickening is revealed in a patient living in a country in which tuberculosis is endemic. PMID:23414595

  12. [Giant inflammatory pseudotumor of the cranial base].

    PubMed

    Carrasco-Moro, Rodrigo; Martínez-San Millán, Juan; Pian, Héctor

    The inflammatory pseudotumour (IPT) is a non-neoplastic entity of unknown origin, and is characterised by a proliferation of connective tissue and a polyclonal inflammatory infiltrate. Central nervous system involvement is uncommon, and usually represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge even for the experienced clinician. This reports deals with the case of a 56year-old woman diagnosed with a giant, infiltrating mass centred in the left cavernous sinus, who had a rapid clinical and radiological response to steroid therapy. Biopsy specimens were diagnostic for IPT. The progression of a small orbital residual lesion was detected after steroid withdrawal. Treatment with cyclophosphamide induced a complete response that remains stable after six years of follow-up. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  13. Pseudotumor of temporomandibular joint: destructive calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate arthropathy.

    PubMed

    Pritzker, K P; Phillips, H; Luk, S C; Koven, I H; Kiss, A; Houpt, J B

    1976-03-01

    The clinical and pathological features of a tumor of the temporamandibular joint occurring in a 55 year old man, and subsequently identified as a calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) arthropathy, are reported. Crystalline deposits were identified by compensated light microscopy and confirmed with X-ray diffraction, transmission, and scanning electron microscopy. The relationship of this unique case to other clinical presentations of CPPD deposition disease and the implications of the histological features to the pathogenesis of pseudogout are discussed. This case demonstrates that CPPD arthropathy should be included in the differential diagnosis of an arthrosis or of a tumor involving the temporomandibular joint.

  14. Adrenal pseudotumors on CT due to dilated portosystemic veins

    SciTech Connect

    Mitty, H.M.; Cohen, B.A.; Sprayregen, S.; Schwartz, K.

    1983-10-01

    The adrenal and periadrenal venous systems are part of the portosystemic collateral pathways that may enlarge in portal hypertension. The cross-sectional image of the resulting enlarged venous channels may simulate an adrenal msss. Three examples of such computed tomographic (CT) scans are presented with selective venographic correlation. Patients with portal hypertension and suspected adrenal pathology may require enhanced or dynamic CT scans.

  15. Pseudotumor Cerebriasa Rare Side Effect of Intrathecal Cytarabine

    PubMed Central

    Alraqibah, Elias A.

    2015-01-01

    Pseudotumorcerebri (PTC), also known as idiopathic increase in intracranial pressure, is associated with several conditions and as a side effect of many medications. We are reporting a case of a PTC caused by intrathecal cytarabine as a rare side effect of this medication. PMID:26309439

  16. Primary bone tumors and pseudotumors of the lumbosacral spine.

    PubMed

    Leone, A; Costantini, A; Guglielmi, G; Settecasi, C; Priolo, F

    2000-01-01

    Primary tumors of the spine are relatively infrequent lesions compared with metastatic disease, multiple myeloma, and lymphoma which are the more frequent neoplasms of the spine and usually manifest with multifocal lesions and thus pose little diagnostic dilemma. However, in the presence of a solitary spinal lesion, the more uncommon primary tumors of the spine represent an important group of entities for diagnostic consideration. The most common benign and malignant primary tumors of the spine are enostosis, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, giant cell tumor, aneurysmal bone cyst, osteochondroma, chordoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumor, and osteosarcoma. The imaging features of these lesions are often characteristic. Radiologists should be aware of the appearance of these unusual tumors in order to provide a complete differential diagnosis.

  17. Amylose primitive médiastinale d'aspect pseudotumoral

    PubMed Central

    Mahfoudhi, Madiha; Mamlouk, Habiba; Turki, Sami; Kheder, Adel

    2015-01-01

    L'amylose primitive médiastinale isolée est rare et de diagnostic difficile. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient âgé de 41 ans ayant présenté une dyspnée et des crachats hémoptoïques. A l'examen physique il n'avait pas d'hypotension orthostatique. Les aires ganglionnaires périphériques étaient libres. La tomodensitométrie thoracique a objectivé un magma d'adénopathies médiastinales réalisant une masse de 45 mm x 60 mm. L'examen anatomopathologique d'une biopsie ganglionnaire guidée par médiastinoscopie a conclut a une amylose médiastinale de type AL. Il n'avait pas d'autres localisations amyloïdes. Un myélome multiple a été éliminé. Le diagnostic d'amylose primitive médiastinale de type AL a été retenu. Le traitement s'est basé sur des cures de Melphalan-prednisone. La chirurgie était évitée vu le risque hémorragique élevé. L’évolution était marquée par l'amélioration de la dyspnée, la disparition de l'hémoptysie et la diminution de la taille de la masse ganglionnaire devenant 25 mm x 20 mm. PMID:26308913

  18. Inflammatory pseudotumor in a cat with cutaneous mycobacteriosis.

    PubMed

    Miller, M A; Fales, W H; McCracken, W S; O'Bryan, M A; Jarnagin, J J; Payeur, J B

    1999-03-01

    A 5-year-old, castrated male, domestic Shorthair Cat had an ulcerated mass with fistulous tracts on the left hind paw. Homogeneous tan tissue diffusely infiltrated the dermis and subcutis of the paw and extended proximally so that, short of amputation, complete excision was not feasible. Biopsy specimens consisted of granulation tissue with marked proliferation of spindle cells. Neutrophils and histiocytic cells were scattered among the spindle cells. The histiocytic cells had abundant foamy or vacuolated cytoplasm, but features of granulomatous inflammation, such as epithelioid macrophages or granuloma formation, were not observed. The initial impression was inflammatory granulation tissue, but the degree of fibroplasia prompted inclusion of fibrosarcoma in the differential diagnosis. Cutaneous mycobacteriosis was diagnosed when numerous acid-fast bacteria were identified with Kinyoun's stain; Mycobacterium avium was subsequently cultured. The cat was euthanatized because of lack of response to enrofloxacin therapy. At necropsy, lesions were localized to the hind limb. Not only is mycobacteriosis an uncommon cause of cutaneous masses in cats, but this case was unusual because of the lack of granuloma formation and the similarity of the mass to a spindle cell tumor.

  19. Ulnar nerve compression in Guyon's canal caused by a pseudotumor of the pisiform.

    PubMed

    Antuña, S A; Gutierrez, C F; Paz Jimenez, J

    1995-01-01

    A rare case of ulnar nerve compression at the wrist by a hypertrophic pisiform is reported. The patient was treated with pisiform bone excision, and this resulted in complete relief of symptoms with no functional deficit.

  20. Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Unilateral Orbital Lymphoma and Orbital Pseudo-Tumors: A Planning Study

    SciTech Connect

    Chino, Kazumi Tanyi, James A.; Stea, Baldassarre

    2009-04-01

    Orbital lymphoma and Grave's ophthalmopathy (GO) are successfully treated with radiation therapy. The lenses are blocked to prevent cataract formation. However, blocking of the lens by traditional methods can be difficult for tumors located anteriorly and extending into the retrobulbar space. We present a series of 3 patients with orbital lymphoma and 1 with GO treated with stereotactic intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to spare normal structures, including the lens. Three patients with orbital lymphomas and 1 with unilateral GO were treated with IMRT using a linac with stereotactic capabilities. Avoidance structures included the ipsilateral lens and globe, the contralateral lens and globe, the chiasm, and the brainstem. Two patients with orbital lymphoma were treated with 24 Gy in 12 fractions, and 1 patient was treated with 30.6 Gy in 17 fractions. The patient with GO was treated with 20 Gy in 10 fractions. The dosimetry was analyzed to determine the dose to normal tissues. Patient follow-up varies between 8 and 24 months. The mean minimal dose to the ipsilateral lens was 13.6% of the total dose, the mean maximal dose was 33.5%, and the mean median dose was 19.3%. The mean median dose to the contralateral eye was 1.1% of the total dose. The mean median dose to the chiasm was 14.9% of the total dose. The mean median dose to the brainstem was 1.9% of the total dose. No cataracts or other complications were noted in the 4 patients treated with this technique so far. IMRT gives a more conformal treatment to the orbital contents while sparing normal tissues such as the ipsilateral lens and adjacent critical structures. This should result in fewer complications such as cataracts.

  1. [An enzootic with pseudo-tumoral manifestations in Vipera lebetina in captivity].

    PubMed

    Fontan, R; Sansonnens, R; Rioche, M; Ben Zakour, L; Bel Hadj, A

    1978-01-01

    The authors report the clinical and epizootic evolution of an epizooty, characterized by pseudo-tumours, observed on some vipers (Vipera lebetina) maintained in captivity at the "institut Pasteur de Tunis". The disease was characterized by 2.3 cm size nodules, scattered under the skin or into splanchnic cavities. These ones, spherical and well capsuled, were formed by a mass of clear rounded cells (histiocytes or monocytes), the necrotic central area of which contained innumerable bacteria. Several reviewed works show that this appearance of chronic abcess is a common and univocal reaction to various pathogenic factors, such as bacteria and parasites. As to etiology, the authors have doubt about the pathological role of the germs which they have identified (Salmonella and other anterobacteria) because these latter belong to the normal microbial flora of snakes and are, in the present case, probably occasional infective agents only.

  2. Management Scheme for Cerebral Wegener Granulomatosis: An Unusual Pseudotumoral Skull Base Pathology.

    PubMed

    Bernat, Anne Laure; Lefevre, Etienne; Sène, Damien; Herman, Philippe; Biassette, Homa Adle; Froelich, Sébastien

    2016-12-01

    Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener disease) is a rare antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive vasculitis that seldom involves brain and meninges. We present a case of a 35-year-old woman with granulomatosis with polyangiitis involving the brain and the meninges. The histologic diagnosis required a complete resection of the lesion. Despite the possibility of postoperative wound infection, surgery was mandatory to ascertain the diagnostic and to treat locally.

  3. Back pain caused by a pseudo-tumorous vertebral collapse: atypical presentation of primary vertebral hydatidosis

    PubMed Central

    Mrabet, D; Rekik, S; Khiari, H; Mizouni, H; Meddeb, N; Cheour, I; Elleuch, M; Mnif, E; Mrabet, A; Sahli, H; Sellami, S

    2011-01-01

    Hydatidosis, also known as echinococcosis, is a rare but serious parasitic disease in endemic areas. Primary spinal location is extremely rare. This case report describes a rare instance of hydatid cyst that caused severe and progressive low-back pain and neurologic dysfunction. Spine MRI showed a unique vertebral collapse of Th12 body with multicystic lesions filling the spinal canal. In addition, hydatidosis serodiagnostic test was positive at 1/725. Treatment depended on the actual surgical removal of the cysts. Surgery consisted in excision and extirpation of the cysts, associated with decompressive laminectomy. The diagnosis was confirmed on the basis of histological results. No coincidental hydatid visceral involvement was found. Antihelminthic drugs (Albendazole) were promptly given before surgery for a long period. The outcome was satisfactorily marked by total regression of the motor deficit and sphincter disorders. PMID:22699469

  4. Factors associated with multiple recurrences of nonspecific orbital inflammation aka orbital pseudotumor.

    PubMed

    Braich, Puneet S; Kuriakose, Robin K; Khokhar, Naveen S; Donaldson, Jared C; McCulley, Timothy J

    2017-06-20

    To assess clinical characteristics of patients at risk for recurrent nonspecific orbital inflammation (NSOI). This was a retrospective comparison study with a 24-month follow-up, in a clinic-based population in rural India. The medical records at two eye care centers were searched from March 2001-2014. A total of 153 patients with recurrent NSOI, 107 of whom had a single recurrence (Group 1) and 46 of whom had multiple recurrences (Group 2). Clinical and demographic data were compared between both groups. Comparisons of mean values were done with multiple 2-tailed independent T tests, and differences in proportions were compared using Chi-squared tests. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to determine which factors were predictive of patients having multiple recurrences. Several factors were independently related to multiple recurrences (P < 0.05 for all): age ≤16 years (2.5 OR, 95% CI 1.3-3.6), bilateral disease (3.2 OR 95% CI 1.4-5.1), presence of optic disc edema or T-sign on B-scan ultrasonography (3.9 OR 95% CI 1.8-6.2), sclerosing variant (8.5 OR 95% CI 5.4-11.3), corticosteroid taper <4 weeks long (2.8 OR 95% CI 1.1-4.2), autoimmune disease among 1st degree relatives (2.2 OR 95% CI 1.2-3.3). In patients with recurrent disease, the interval between the initial episode and the first recurrence was predictive of further recurrences: ≤3 months (3.2 OR, 95% CI 2.0-4.5) and ≥12 months (0.21 OR, 95% CI 0.01-0.39). Younger patients and those with bilateral disease are more apt to have recurrences of NSOI. Other factors that increase the risk of multiple recurrences include a T-sign, optic disc edema, poor initial response to steroids, a sclerosing variant, a recurrence within 3 months, and those who underwent a rapid steroid taper.

  5. Pseudotumoral Form of Neuroschistosomiasis: Report of Three Cases in Ganzi, China

    PubMed Central

    Wan, Heng; Masataka, Hayashi; Zhang, Li-Ping; Zheng, De-Fu

    2012-01-01

    The authors report three rare cases of neuroschistosomiasis lacking extracranial involvement. No parasitic eggs were detected in the stool with the Kato–Katz thick smear methods. Computed tomography of the brains showed hypodense signals, and magnetic resonance imaging showed isointense signals on T1-weighted images, hyperintense signals on T2-weighted images, and intensely enhancing nodules in the brain after intravenous administration of gadolinium. High-grade gliomas were suspected, and operations or radiosurgery was performed. Cerebral schistosomiasis was confirmed in all cases by biopsy of the brain lesions, revealing granulomas containing embedded Schistosoma japonicum eggs. All cases were definitively diagnosed as brain schistosomiasis japonica. Praziquantel and corticosteroids were administered, and the prognoses were good for all case patients. Although the aforementioned pattern of imaging examinations is not present in all cases of neuroschistosomiasis, a diagnosis of neuroschistosomiasis should be considered when this pattern of imaging is observed; cerebrospinal fluid serological exams are also recommended. PMID:22302862

  6. [Cholesterol granuloma in paranasal sinus. An unfrequent pseudotumor in maxillary sinuses].

    PubMed

    García de Hombre, Alina María; Pérez Peñate, Armando

    2005-01-01

    The cholesterol granuloma is well known in the middle ear, in the mastoid antrum and the air cells of temporal bone, mostly related to a chronic infectious process. There are other localizations such as the pleura, lung, pericardium, kidneys, arterial wall, nerves, brain, testicles, lymphatic ganglion and in the paranasals sinuses. Its localization in the mediofacial area is very unfrequent, having only been described 44 cases up to the year 2002. We present a 42 year-old patient, who required surgical treatment because of a increase in the volume of area her left facial of one month's old. It resulted to be secundary to an expansion of the maxilar sinus, such as seen on the computerized tomography carried out on the patient. The diagnosis was cholesterol granuloma, performed, through the anatomo-pathology study. We review the litterature on this subject and analyse the possible etiologic cause of this lesion, its clinic, diagnostic methodology and treatment.

  7. Reactive Nodular Fibrous Pseudotumor Presenting as a Huge Intra abdominal Mass after Abdominal Surgery: a Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Ciftci, Birgul; Vardar, Enver; Tasli, Funda; Yakan, Savas; Top, Erdinc; Yildirim, Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    Although the majority of mesenchymal lesions of the gastrointestinal tract are neoplastic in nature, but nonneoplastic reactive processes may also involve the gastrointestinal tract and mesentery. Some more aggressive neoplasms located in same area, such as fibromatosis or gastrointestinal stromal tumors may be cause of diagnostic confusion. Reactive nodular fibrous pseudo tumor (RNFP) of the gastrointestinal tract and mesentery is a recently recognized entity. Here we present one such lesion in 71 years-old- man with a history of abdominal surgery. The tumor was firm, tan–white colored, ranged in size 19.5 cm in greatest dimension, and was grossly well circumscribed. Histologically it is composed of spindle-shaped cells resembling fibroblasts arranged haphazardly or in intersecting fascicles, embedded in a collagen-rich stroma with sparse intralesional lymphoid cells frequently arranged in aggregates. We present a case of this entity have largest tumor and also due to the rarity. PMID:26351476

  8. Pseudotumors due to IgG4 immune-complex tubulointerstitial nephritis associated with autoimmune pancreatocentric disease.

    PubMed

    Cornell, Lynn D; Chicano, Sonia L; Deshpande, Vikram; Collins, A Bernard; Selig, Martin K; Lauwers, Gregory Y; Barisoni, Laura; Colvin, Robert B

    2007-10-01

    Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a mass-forming chronic fibroinflammatory condition centered on the pancreatobiliary system and characterized by predominant immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-positive plasma cells. Recent reports have brought to light the multiorgan involvement of this disease. We describe a series of 5 cases of tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) associated with AIP and characterize the clinical, pathologic, ultrastructural, and immunopathologic features of TIN. The specimens consisted of 4 biopsies and 1 nephrectomy. The average patient age was 64 years (range 45 to 78) and the male to female ratio was 4:1. All had histologic and/or clinical and radiographic evidence of AIP, mass-forming sclerosing cholangitis, or both. The clinical impression in 4 patients was a renal mass or vasculitis. Two patients had renal insufficiency. Histologic preparations revealed a dense tubulointerstitial lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. Eosinophils were often numerous. Tubulitis and tubular injury were present, along with tubular atrophy with focally thickened tubular basement membranes (TBMs). The histologic appearance ranged from a cellular, inflammatory pattern without tubular atrophy to a striking expansive interstitial fibrosis with tubular destruction. The nephrectomy specimen demonstrated a masslike nodular pattern of inflammation with normal renal tissue elsewhere. Glomeruli were uninvolved. By immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence, numerous plasma cells in the infiltrate were positive for IgG4. TBM granular IgG deposits, predominantly of the IgG4 subclass, were detected in 4 of 5 cases by either immunofluorescence or immunohistochemistry. By electron microscopy, corresponding amorphous electron-dense deposits were present in the TBM in these cases. This type of TIN, typically characterized by a masslike lesion consisting of a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate with eosinophils and prominent IgG4-positive plasma cells and immune-complex deposits in the TBM, may be part of a systemic IgG4-related disease, which we term "IgG4-associated immune complex Multiorgan Autoimmune Disease" (IMAD).

  9. Pseudotumoral amyloidosis of beta 2-microglobulin origin in the buttock of a patient receiving long term haemodialysis.

    PubMed Central

    Fernández-Alonso, J; Rios-Camacho, C; Valenzuela-Castaño, A; Rocha-Castilla, J L

    1993-01-01

    A 52 year old man who had been receiving haemodialysis for 13 years, with a history of renal tuberculosis, right ischial tuberculous osteomyelitis, and dialysis arthropathy, developed a soft tissue tumour in his left buttock. Histological analysis, immunohistological staining, and electron microscopic examination of the surgically removed tumour showed massive deposits of beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-M) amyloid. This case shows the expanding clinical spectrum of this type of amyloidosis, and it is suggested that amyloid infiltration should be considered in the differential diagnosis of gluteal tumours in these patients. Images PMID:8408708

  10. Resin-Induced Colonic Pseudotumor: Rare Complication from Chronic Use of Potassium Binders in a Hemodialysis Patient

    PubMed Central

    Bui, Mary; Chou, Shyan-Yih; Faubert, Pierre; Loarte, Pablo; Cohen, Ronny

    2016-01-01

    Potassium-binding resins are widely used in the treatment of hyperkalemia, mostly in the acute setting. Gastrointestinal adverse events, although reported, are not frequently seen due to its short course of use. This report describes a case involving an end-stage renal disease patient on hemodialysis who developed a colonic mass after being on sodium polystyrene sulfonate chronically for persistent hyperkalemia. Gastrointestinal symptoms developed late during the treatment rather than early as reported previously in the literature. This mass was mistaken for a carcinomatous lesion, which initiated an extensive work-up as well as hospitalization that nearly resulted in a subtotal colectomy. PMID:27034861

  11. Adrenal pseudomasses due to varices: angiographic-CT-MRI-pathologic correlations

    SciTech Connect

    Brady, T.M.; Gross, B.H.; Glazer, G.M. Williams, D.M.

    1985-08-01

    Periadrenal and adrenal portosystemic collaterals are a recently reported cause of adrenal pseudotumor on computed tomography (CT). Nine patients with this left adrenal pseudotumor illustrate its typical position and appearance on CT, angiography, CT-angiography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The anatomic basis for variceal adrenal pseudotumors is the left inferior phrenic vein, which passes immediately anterior to the left adrenal gland and which serves as a collateral pathway from splenic to left renal vein in portal hypertension. Thus, unlike previously described adrenal pseudotumors, these venous collaterals are not anatomically distinguishable from the adrenal gland on CT. Bolus dynamic CT is usually diagnostic, but in equivocal cases, MRI may prove useful.

  12. Ultrasound findings in asymptomatic patients with modular metal on metal total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Frisch, Nicholas B; Wessell, Nolan M; Taliaferro, Kevin; Van Holsbeeck, Marnix; Silverton, Craig D

    2017-05-01

    The use of metal-on-metal and modular total hip arthroplasty is associated with potentially serious local and systemic complications. The primary aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of a pseudotumor in asymptomatic patients with a particular metal-on-metal hip prosthesis after a minimum follow-up of 5 years using ultrasound evaluation. A secondary purpose was to identify associations between the presence of pseudotumor and serum metal ion levels following implantation. We prospectively evaluated data collected from 36 asymptomatic patients who underwent implantation of a Profemur Z metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty from January 2004 to January 2010. Serum metal ion levels were collected in 2012 and 2015. Hip ultrasounds were performed in 2015. Pseudotumors were found in 7/36 patients (19.4%). The average pseudotumor size measured 38.2 cm(3) (range 7.35 cm(3)-130.81 cm(3)). Elevated metal ion levels were found in all patients at all time points. No statistical correlation was found between the presence of pseudotumor and patient age, age of the implant, component design, and any of the serum metal ion levels or ratios. One in every five asymptomatic patients with metal-on-metal implants was found to have a periarticular pseudotumor. There was no dose-dependent relationship found between elevated serum metal ion levels and the development of a pseudotumor. Our findings suggest that in patients with known elevated metal ion levels, continued monitoring of ion levels may not be a reliable predictor of pseudotumor formation, and ultrasound surveillance can and should be routinely used to document the presence and progression of pseudotumor.

  13. Dacryoadenitis

    MedlinePlus

    ... often due to noninfectious inflammatory disorders. Examples include sarcoidosis , thyroid eye disease, and orbital pseudotumor . ... from dacryoadenitis. For more serious causes, such as sarcoidosis, the outlook depends on the disease that caused ...

  14. Rare Presentation of Genitourinary Tuberculosis Masquerading as Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Histopathological Surprise

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Santosh; Shankaregowda, Sriharsha Ajjoor; Choudhary, Gautam Ram; Singla, Karun

    2014-01-01

    Genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB) is a rare extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (TB). Various forms of presentation are described and in most cases the disease results in calcification, atrophy, or necrosis of the renal parenchyma. The kidney is not generally palpable except in cases of hydronephrosis due to an upper ureteric stricture. We present a case of GUTB presenting as inflammatory pseudotumor. This case was initially diagnosed as renal malignancy and managed accordingly. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of pseudotumoral renal TB. PMID:24991477

  15. A comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of MARS MRI and ultrasound of the painful metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Siddiqui, Imran A; Sabah, Shiraz A; Satchithananda, Keshthra; Lim, Adrian K; Cro, Suzie; Henckel, Johann; Skinner, John A

    2014-01-01

    Background and purpose Metal artifact reduction sequence (MARS) MRI and ultrasound scanning (USS) can both be used to detect pseudotumors, abductor muscle atrophy, and tendinous pathology in patients with painful metal-on-metal (MOM) hip arthroplasty. We wanted to determine the diagnostic test characteristics of USS using MARS MRI as a reference for detection of pseudotumors and muscle atrophy. Patients and methods We performed a prospective cohort study to compare MARS MRI and USS findings in 19 consecutive patients with unilateral MOM hips. Protocolized USS was performed by consultant musculoskeletal radiologists who were blinded regarding clinical details. Reports were independently compared with MARS MRI, the imaging gold standard, to calculate predictive values. Results The prevalence of pseudotumors on MARS MRI was 68% (95% CI: 43–87) and on USS it was 53% (CI: 29–76). The sensitivity of USS in detecting pseudotumors was 69% (CI 39–91) and the specificity was 83% (CI: 36–97). The sensitivity of detection of abductor muscle atrophy was 47% (CI: 24–71). In addition, joint effusion was detected in 10 cases by USS and none were seen by MARS MRI. Interpretation We found a poor agreement between USS and MARS MRI. USS was inferior to MARS MRI for detection of pseudotumors and muscle atrophy, but it was superior for detection of joint effusion and tendinous pathologies. MARS MRI is more advantageous than USS for practical reasons, including preoperative planning and longitudinal comparison. PMID:24694273

  16. FIGHTING MULTIPLE DRUG RESISTANCE: EFFECTS OF UV-ACTIVATED CHLORPROMAZINE ON RABBIT'S EYE PSEUDOTUMOURS.

    PubMed

    Pirvulescu, Ruxandra Angela; Cherecheanu, Alina Popa; Romanitan, Mihaela Oana; Dascalu, Ana Maria; Alexandrescu, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    Multiple drug resistance requires a flexible approach to find medicines able to overcome it. One method could be the exposure of existing medicines to UV laser beams to generate active photoproducts against bacteria and/or malignant tumors. The interaction of Chlorpromazine (CPZ) (irradiated with 266 nm pulsed laser beams) was studied at concentrations of 10 mg/ml and 20 mg/ ml in ultrapure water, with pseudotumors of rabbits eyes. The use of CPZ water solution exposed to 266 nm in the treatment of pseudotumor tissues produced on rabbit eyes showed that treatment results depend on initial (before irradiation) CPZ concentration and exposure time. At this stage, one could not specify which out of the generated photoproducts, individual or as a group, was/were efficient in pseudotumor cure but overall effects were observable. Application of CPZ irradiated solutions on rabbit eyes pseudotumors seemed to produce a faster recovery of tissues with respect to control, untreated eyes. Histologic findings in the treated tissues showed a good anti-inflammatory response. The results obtained open perspectives to fight MDR and/or development of pseudotumoral processes with substances that were not initially made for this purpose (non-antibiotics, for instance).

  17. Pseudotumour Cerebri Presentation in a Child Under the Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonist Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Gül, Ülkü; Kaçar Bayram, Ayşe; Kendirci, Mustafa; Hatipoğlu, Nihal; Okdemir, Deniz; Gümüş, Hakan; Kurtoğlu, Selim

    2016-01-01

    Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues are common treatment option in central precocious puberty in childhood as well as in endometriosis, infertility, and prostate cancer in adults. Pseudotumor cerebri is a rare side effect observed in adults. We present the case of a girl with precocious puberty treated with triptorelin acetate who developed pseudotumor cerebri after the 4th dose. She had headaches, and her blood pressure was detected to be above the 99 percentile. There were no causes underlying of hypertension such as cardiac, renal, or endocrine. Neurological examination was normal except bilateral papilledema. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging was normal. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure was elevated. Triptorelin therapy was ceased and acetazolamide was applied; CSF pressure returned to normal. We observed pseudotumor cerebri after precocious puberty treatment, a finding for the first time ever seen in childhood. PMID:27087351

  18. Primary varicella infection presenting with headache and elevated intracranial pressure.

    PubMed

    Gilad, Oded; Shefer-Averbuch, Noa; Garty, Ben Zion

    2015-05-01

    Primary varicella infection may be associated with neurologic complications, such as cerebritis and meningoencephalitis. Several cases of varicella infection with elevated intracranial pressure have been reported. We describe a 13-year-old immunocompetent girl who presented with a clinical picture of headaches and elevated intracranial pressure as the only manifestation of primary varicella zoster infection. The working diagnosis at first was pseudotumor cerebri based on complaints of headache of 2 weeks' duration, in addition to vomiting and papilledema, without fever or skin eruption. On lumbar puncture, opening pressure was 420 mmH2O, but mild pleocytosis and mildly elevated protein level ruled out the diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri. Our patient had no history of previous varicella infection, and she did not receive the varicella zoster vaccine. Serology tests, done on admission and repeated 2 months later, suggested primary varicella infection. The literature on varicella infection associated with pseudotumor cerebri or elevated intracranial pressure is reviewed.

  19. Inflammatory pseudotumour of the spleen associated with splenic tuberculosis

    PubMed Central

    Prieto-Nieto, Maria Isabel; Pérez-Robledo, Juan Pedro; Díaz-San Andrés, Beatriz; Nistal, Manuel; Rodríguez-Montes, José Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) of the spleen is an uncommon entity with an uncertain aetiology. Inflammatory pseudotumors present diagnostic difficulties because the clinical and radiological findings tend to suggest a malignancy. The symptoms include weight loss, fever, and abdominal pain. Most cases of splenic IPT present solitary relatively large well circumscribed masses on imaging. The diagnosis in the majority of the cases is made after histopathologic study of splenectomy specimens. The IPTs that occur in the spleen and liver are typically associated with Epstein-Barr virus. Thirty-seven percent of all new cases of active tuberculosis infection are extrapulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculous lymphadenitis the most commonly occurring form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. We report the case of an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen associated with splenic tuberculous lymphadenitis in a 50-year-old female patient who was preoperatively diagnosed with a malignant spleen tumour based on her history of breast of carcinoma. PMID:25548610

  20. Cross-sectional imaging of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties

    PubMed Central

    Robinson, Elizabeth; Henckel, Johann; Sabah, Shiraz; Satchithananda, Keshthra; Skinner, John; Hart, Alister

    2014-01-01

    Background and purpose — Metal artifact reduction sequence (MARS) MRI is widely advocated for surveillance of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties (MOM-HAs). However, its use is limited by susceptibility artifact at the prosthesis-bone interface, local availability, patient compliance, and cost (Hayter et al. 2011a). We wanted to determine whether CT is a suitable substitute for MARS MRI in evaluation of the painful MOM-HA. Patients and methods — 50 MOM-HA patients (30 female) with unexplained painful prostheses underwent MARS MRI and CT imaging. 2 observers who were blind regarding the clinical data objectively reported the following outcomes: soft tissue lesions (pseudotumors), muscle atrophy, and acetabular and femoral osteolysis. Diagnostic test characteristics were calculated. Results — Pseudotumor was diagnosed in 25 of 50 hips by MARS MRI and in 11 of 50 by CT. Pseudotumors were classified as type 1 (n = 2), type 2A (n = 17), type 2B (n = 4), and type 3 (n = 2) by MARS MRI. CT did not permit pseudotumor classification. The sensitivity of CT for diagnosis of pseudotumor was 44% (95% CI: 25–65). CT had “slight” agreement with MARS MRI for quantification of muscle atrophy (κ = 0.23, CI: 0.16–0.29; p < 0.01). Osteolysis was identified in 15 of 50 patients by CT. 4 of these lesions were identified by MARS MRI. Interpretation — CT was found to be superior to MRI for detection of osteolysis adjacent to MOM-HA, and should be incorporated into diagnostic algorithms. CT was unable to classify and failed to detect many pseudotumors, and it was unreliable for assessment of muscle atrophy. Where MARS MRI is contraindicated or unavailable, CT would be an unsuitable substitute and other modalities such as ultrasound should be considered PMID:25267500

  1. Cross-sectional imaging of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties. Can we substitute MARS MRI with CT?

    PubMed

    Robinson, Elizabeth; Henckel, Johann; Sabah, Shiraz; Satchithananda, Keshthra; Skinner, John; Hart, Alister

    2014-12-01

    Metal artifact reduction sequence (MARS) MRI is widely advocated for surveillance of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties (MOM-HAs). However, its use is limited by susceptibility artifact at the prosthesis-bone interface, local availability, patient compliance, and cost (Hayter et al. 2011a). We wanted to determine whether CT is a suitable substitute for MARS MRI in evaluation of the painful MOM-HA. 50 MOM-HA patients (30 female) with unexplained painful prostheses underwent MARS MRI and CT imaging. 2 observers who were blind regarding the clinical data objectively reported the following outcomes: soft tissue lesions (pseudotumors), muscle atrophy, and acetabular and femoral osteolysis. Diagnostic test characteristics were calculated. Pseudotumor was diagnosed in 25 of 50 hips by MARS MRI and in 11 of 50 by CT. Pseudotumors were classified as type 1 (n=2), type 2A (n=17), type 2B (n=4), and type 3 (n=2) by MARS MRI. CT did not permit pseudotumor classification. The sensitivity of CT for diagnosis of pseudotumor was 44% (95% CI: 25-65). CT had "slight" agreement with MARS MRI for quantification of muscle atrophy (κ=0.23, CI: 0.16-0.29; p<0.01). Osteolysis was identified in 15 of 50 patients by CT. 4 of these lesions were identified by MARS MRI. CT was found to be superior to MRI for detection of osteolysis adjacent to MOM-HA, and should be incorporated into diagnostic algorithms. CT was unable to classify and failed to detect many pseudotumors, and it was unreliable for assessment of muscle atrophy. Where MARS MRI is contraindicated or unavailable, CT would be an unsuitable substitute and other modalities such as ultrasound should be considered.

  2. Pseudoneoplastic lesions of the testis and paratesticular structures

    PubMed Central

    Mikuz, G.; Boccon-Gibod, L.; Trias, I.; Arce, Y.; Montironi, R.; Egevad, L.; Scarpelli, M.; Lopez-Beltran, A.

    2007-01-01

    Pseudotumors or tumor-like proliferations (non-neoplastic masses) and benign mimickers (non-neoplastic cellular proliferations) are rare in the testis and paratesticular structures. Clinically, these lesions (cysts, ectopic tissues, and vascular, inflammatory, or hyperplastic lesions) are of great interest for the reason that, because of the topography, they may be relevant as differential diagnoses. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the pseudoneoplasic entities arising in the testis and paratesticular structures; emphasis is placed on how the practicing pathologist may distinguish benign mimickers and pseudotumors from true neoplasia. These lesions can be classified as macroscopic or microscopic mimickers of neoplasia. PMID:17805564

  3. Multifocal fibrosclerosis with intracranial pachymeningitis.

    PubMed

    Kitano, A; Shimomura, T; Okada, A; Takahashi, K

    1995-04-01

    A 29-year-old woman with a 4-year history of multifocal fibrosclerosis showed unique neurologic complications. Episcleritis, orbital pseudotumor, and eosinophilic phlegmon preceded intracranial inflammatory pachymeningitis. The pachymeningitis was associated with disturbance of the visual field, incomplete Gerstmann's syndrome, and pseudotumor cerebri. T2-weighted magnetic resonance images revealed a high signal intensity lesion in the left temporal and occipital lobes, and gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted images revealed the enhancement of the thickened left tentorial leaf. The laboratory data suggested that the etiology might be autoimmunological. The disease and MRI abnormalities improved following administration of corticosteroids.

  4. The excessively small ventricle on computed axial tomography of the brain.

    PubMed

    Hahn, F J; Schapiro, R L

    1976-01-01

    Computed axial tomography has made it possible to observe excessively small ventricles in a variety of disorders of the CNS. This finding is presumably due to non-specific and diffuse swelling of brain parenchyma, and is illustrated in cases of trauma, neoplasm, encephalitis, pseudotumor cerebri, metabolic disorder, and probable dilantin effect. It is likely that other causes will be encountered in the future.

  5. Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis: a rare cause of digestive hemorrhage.

    PubMed

    Scheiwe, C; Muller, A; Rocas, D; Cotte, E

    2014-02-01

    Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis is a rare affection with non-specific symptoms. It is essential to differentiate it from gall bladder adenocarcinoma. Presentation signs include hemorrhage or fistula. This report concerns a patient with pseudotumoral xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis who presented with gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

  6. Women in the Military: Pregnancy, Command Climate, Organizational Behavior, and Outcomes. Part II

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-09-01

    severe preeclampsia 29) RJFD 30) gest. Diabetes Al 31) maternal adrenal insufficiency 32) anemia 33) hep A, B carrier 34) obesity 35) D&C (retained...pseudotumor-cerebri 19) twin gest 20) severe preeclampsia 21) IUJFD 22) maternal adrenal insufficiency 23) anemia 24) hep A, B carrier 25) obesity 26) D&C

  7. Impact of Disordered Eating and Psychological Functioning on Overweight Adolescents Participating in a Placebo-Controlled Medication and Behavioral Weight Loss Trial

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-23

    repeated respiratory disruptions during sleep, pseudotumor cerebri, which is elevated intracranial pressure in the absence of an actual tumor, and... hypertension (elevated blood pressure), and abnormal glucose tolerance (blunted insulin response), (Dietz, 1998), are more common among overweight...Tershakovec, Weller, & Gallagher, 1994). Among adolescents who self-reported internalizing and externalizing behavioral symptoms , when BMI and body weight

  8. Keratoglobus.

    PubMed

    Cameron, J A

    1993-03-01

    Twelve adult patients with keratoglobus are described. Associated ocular conditions included orbital pseudotumor, vernal keratoconjunctivitis in three patients, chronic marginal blepharitis with chronic eye rubbing, and glaucoma after penetrating keratoplasty surgery. Hydrops occurred in 19 of the 21 eyes with keratoglobus. Surgical procedures to treat keratoglobus included large-diameter lamellar and penetrating keratoplasty, and limbus-to-limbus epikeratoplasty.

  9. [A cause of palatal necrosis not to ignore].

    PubMed

    Boulagnon, Camille; Kovacs, Ovidiu-Bujor; Patey, Martine

    2015-04-01

    We report a case of pseudotumoral nasal septum and hard palate perforation in a 42-years-old man. The diagnosis retained after differential diagnosis exclusion was necrotic midfacial lesion due to chronic inhalation of cocaine. This condition can mimic vasculitis, primary tumors and granulomatous infections. Differential diagnosis and pathophysiology of this condition will be discussed in this anatomo-clinical case.

  10. [Colonic amoebiasis simulating a cecal tumor: case report].

    PubMed

    Ayari, H; Rebii, S; Ghariani, W; Daghfous, A; Hasni, R; Rehaiem, R; Rezgui-Marhoul, L; Zoghlami, A

    2013-01-01

    Colonic ameboma is a rare inflammatory pseudo-tumor of the colon that can mimic cancer development. This case was located in the cecum and appeared malignant from a macroscopic view. Accordingly a right hemicolectomy was performed, followed by an end-to-side ileocolic anastomosis. The pathology study enabled us to correct the diagnosis and affirm its amebic origin.

  11. Exuberant local tissue reaction to intramuscular injection of nandrolone decanoate (Deca-Durabolin)--a steroid compound in a sesame seed oil base--mimicking soft tissue malignant tumors: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Khankhanian, N K; Hammers, Y A; Kowalski, P

    1992-12-01

    We present an unusual pseudotumor that formed in reaction to self-administered intramuscular injections of an anabolic steroid, nandrolone decanoate (Deca-Durabolin) in a young soldier. The histopathologic features which closely mimicked several malignant neoplasms could have led to an incorrect diagnosis of malignancy and unnecessary extensive surgery. To our knowledge, this phenomenon has not been previously reported.

  12. [Solitary fibrous hemangiopericytoma of atypical location: importance of immunohistochemical study].

    PubMed

    Soriano-Hernández, María Isabel; Husein-ElAhmed, Husein; Ruíz-Molina, Inmaculada

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: el tumor fibroso solitario es un tumor poco común. Anteriormente se suponía que afectaba sólo la cavidad torácica, en especial la pleura; posteriormente, se relacionó con otras membranas serosas y se observó en diversas localizaciones extraserosas, entre ellas la piel. El conocimiento de este tumor, junto con el aspecto histológico característico y el patrón de expresión inmunohistoquímica con intensa positividad para CD34 permiten que cada vez se diagnostique con mayor frecuencia. Caso clínico: se comunica el caso de un varón de 43 años de edad con un nódulo indoloro en el pulpejo del primer dedo izquierdo, que sugería clínicamente un melanoma nodular o granuloma piógeno. Mediante biopsia excisional y estudio inmunohistoquímico se diagnosticó como tumor fibroso solitario. Discusión: hasta la fecha se han publicado 11 casos de tumores fibrosos solitarios cutáneos, localizados en cabeza, mejilla, muslo, pecho, espalda y vestíbulo nasal. El caso que se comunica constituye la primera lesión de estas características que afecta la mano. El diagnóstico clínico diferencial del tumor fibroso solitario incluye otros tumores como: melanoma nodular, granuloma piógeno, tumor de células gigantes tenosinovial, fibroma y tumor de vaina de nervio periférico benigno. En cuanto a la histología, se planteó el diagnóstico diferencial con otras neoplasias que también expresan CD34. Conclusiones: el tumor fibroso solitario deriva de células mesenquimatosas y expresa CD34, lo que explica su aparición en cualquier localización, como en este caso, que fue en el pulpejo del quinto dedo.

  13. A delayed teflonoma of the neck simulating a thyroid neoplasm.

    PubMed

    Wassef, M; Achouche, J; Guichard, J P; Tran Ba Huy, P

    1994-01-01

    Pseudotumoral granulomatous foreign body reaction to Teflon particles is a rare complication of intracordal Teflon paste injection for unilateral vocal cord paralysis. We report a case of pseudotumor of the thyroid area, which appeared 3 years after intracordal Teflon paste injection and presented as a cold thyroid nodule. At frozen section examination the presence of a giant-cell foreign body granuloma containing numerous refringent particles suggested a 'teflonoma'. The diagnosis was confirmed on permanent sections, after comparison of the intratissular particles with fresh Teflon paste, under conventional and polarized light. The histological and ultrastructural features of the lesion are presented and attention is drawn to the long delay between initial Teflon injection and the clinical manifestation of the lesion.

  14. [Enterobiasis of the female pelvi-genital tract: a report of three cases].

    PubMed

    Khabir, A; Makni, S; Khmiri, H; Gheriani, M; Rekik, S; Boudawara, T S

    2005-04-01

    Ectopic localization of oxyuriasis is rare and frequently does not cause clinical problems. It has been reported in the vagina, endometrium, fallopian tube, peritoneal surface and ovary; In these localizations it often causes pseudo-tumoral granulomas. The aim of our study was to describe etiopathogenic and clinical criteria of this rare pathology. We report one case of endometrial enterobiasis which developed in a 28-year-old women and two cases of tubo-ovarian pseudotumoral abscesses containing the ova of enterobius which appeared as a latero-uterin mass in women aged 28 and 38 years. Enterobius vermicularis may cause tubo-ovarian abscess formation with necrotizing epitheloid granulomas mimicking tumors. Antihelminth therapies are successful.

  15. [Destructive spondylopathy in the dialysis patient. The diagnostic role of magnetic resonance].

    PubMed

    Corinaldesi, A; Zompatori, M; Pisi, P; Ambrosetto, P; Canini, R; Mosconi, G; Rimondi, M R; Orlandi, P E

    1992-09-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was employed to study 7 long-term hemodialysis patients affected with destructive amyloid spondyloarthropathy. In the appropriate clinical setting, MRI proved to be more useful than conventional radiography or CT and more definitive in excluding infections. Indeed, MRI can replace more invasive procedures in making the correct diagnosis. Different than what is reported in literature, a high incidence of odontoid lesions (C2) was observed in our series, with extraosseous and extradural deposits of soft tissue masses (amyloid pseudotumors), subluxation, odontoid invagination and medullary compression. Bone lesions, involved disks and amyloid pseudotumors typically exhibited low-intensity signal on both T1- and T2-weighted sequences and no enhancement following Gd-DTPA injection. The use of MRI is thus suggested, especially at cervical level, also in case of relatively mild symptoms.

  16. Sclerosing Lesions of the Orbit: A Review.

    PubMed

    Lokdarshi, Gautam; Pushker, Neelam; Bajaj, Mandeep S

    2015-01-01

    Orbital sclerosing inflammation is a distinct group of pathologies characterized by indolent growth with minimal or no signs of inflammation. However, contrary to earlier classifications, it should not be considered a chronic stage of acute inflammation. Although rare, orbital IgG4-related disease has been associated with systemic sclerosing pseudotumor-like lesions. Possible mechanisms include autoimmune and IgG4 related defective clonal proliferation. Currently, there is no specific treatment protocol for IgG4-related disease although the response to low dose steroid provides a good response as compared to non-IgG4 sclerosing pseudotumor. Specific sclerosing inflammations (e.g. Wegener's disease, sarcoidosis, Sjogren's syndrome) and neoplasms (lymphoma, metastatic breast carcinoma) should be ruled out before considering idiopathic sclerosing inflammation as a diagnosis.

  17. Unusual Presentation of Lacrimal Gland Pleomorphic Adenoma.

    PubMed

    Pokhrel, S M; Badu, B P; Lavaju, P; Shrestha, B G; Pant, A R; Agarwal, M

    2014-01-01

    The pleomorphic adenoma of lacrimal gland presents as a painless, progressive, slowly growing supero-temporal swelling with variable proptosis. This tumor is usually found in adults and extremely rare in teenage. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy with pleomorphic adenoma of lacrimal gland which mimicked pseudotumor of orbit due to its presentation as an orbital inflammatory disease and the age distribution. Neuroimaging also suggested pseudotumor and oral steroid was started. But, there was no improvement on steroids and ultrasound guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) was performed which suggested Pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland. En-bloc excision of the mass through antero-lateral orbitotomy was done with satisfactory final outcome The histopathological evaluation was consistent with pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland.

  18. Computed tomographic analysis of deformity and dimensional changes in the eyeball

    SciTech Connect

    Osborne, D.R.; Foulks, G.N.

    1984-12-01

    Computed tomography (CT) was performed in 40 patients with a confirmed ophthalmic diagnosis and a change in the dimensions or configuration of the eyeball. Abnormalities studied included coloboma, microphthalmus, buphthalmos, axial myopia, macrophthalmus, phthisis bulbi, trauma, neoplasm, posterior staphyloma, granuloma, pseudotumor, and surgicalscleral banding for retinal detachment. CT findings could be grouped into three categories depending upon whether the eye was small, large, or normal in size, with the findings in each group allowing distinction of most disease processes.

  19. Multi-Sensor Fused Interrogation of Brain to Determine ICP Level

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-08-01

    monitoring has the potential to guide treatment decisions regarding hydrocephalus , brain tumor or idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri...is quite consistent with the frequency shift predictions for ICP increase with hydrocephalus . For moderate pressure increases (of the type expected... hydrocephalus range (gamma > 0.25)is there a measurable drop in frequency. On the other hand, at the dominant resonance of the individual, no matter where

  20. Treatment of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis with voriconazole and miltefosine in an immunocompetent soldier.

    PubMed

    Webster, Duncan; Umar, Imran; Umar, Imram; Kolyvas, George; Bilbao, Juan; Guiot, Marie-Christine; Duplisea, Kevin; Qvarnstrom, Yvonne; Visvesvara, Govinda S

    2012-10-01

    A 38-year-old male immunocompetent soldier developed generalized seizures. He underwent surgical debulking and a progressive demyelinating pseudotumor was identified. Serology and molecular testing confirmed a diagnosis of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba sp. in this immunocompetent male. The patient was treated with oral voriconazole and miltefosine with Acanthamoeba titers returning to control levels and serial imaging demonstrating resolution of the residual lesion.

  1. Localized eosinophilic myositis of the masseter muscle associated with actinomycosis.

    PubMed

    Aufdemorte, T B; Huntington, H W; Ripley, J F; Ramzy, I

    1983-03-01

    A case of eosinophilic myositis of the masseter associated with pseudotumor and trismus is presented. Extensive eosinophilic infiltrates of the masseter are rarely observed in the absence of parasitic infection or the hypereosinophilic syndrome. This case is reported because of the rarity of the phenomenon and its importance to the surgeon from the standpoint of differential diagnosis and treatment. The pathogenesis of the condition and its relation to other lesions of muscle associated with eosinophilic infiltration are discussed.

  2. Treatment of Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis with Voriconazole and Miltefosine in an Immunocompetent Soldier

    PubMed Central

    Webster, Duncan; Umar, Imram; Kolyvas, George; Bilbao, Juan; Guiot, Marie-Christine; Duplisea, Kevin; Qvarnstrom, Yvonne; Visvesvara, Govinda S.

    2012-01-01

    A 38-year-old male immunocompetent soldier developed generalized seizures. He underwent surgical debulking and a progressive demyelinating pseudotumor was identified. Serology and molecular testing confirmed a diagnosis of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba sp. in this immunocompetent male. The patient was treated with oral voriconazole and miltefosine with Acanthamoeba titers returning to control levels and serial imaging demonstrating resolution of the residual lesion. PMID:22869634

  3. Gastric ulcer penetrating to liver diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Kayacetin, Ertugrul; Kayacetin, Serra

    2004-01-01

    Liver penetration is a rare but serious complication of peptic ulcer disease. Usually the diagnosis is made by operation or autopsy. Clinical and laboratory data were no specific. A 64-year-old man was admitted with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Hepatic penetration was diagnosed as the cause of bleeding. Endoscopy showed a large gastric ulcer with a pseudotumoral mass protruding from the ulcer bed. Definitive diagnosis was established by endoscopic biopsies of the ulcer base. PMID:15188520

  4. Sclerosing Orbital Inflammation Caused by Leishmania braziliensis.

    PubMed

    Cruz, Antonio Augusto V; Alves-Ferreira, Eliza V C; Milbratz-Moré, Gherusa; Chahud, Fernando; Ruy, Patricia C; Duarte, Maria Irma Seixas; Cruz, Angela Kaysel

    2017-01-11

    Orbital biopsy of nonspecific orbital inflammation, commonly referred to as "orbital pseudotumor," typically shows a combination of polyclonal lymphocytes, plasmocytes, leukocytes, macrophages, and variable degrees of collagen deposition. Herein, we report a patient with a positive history of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis who presented with an orbital mass with a histological profile of idiopathic orbital inflammation. Immunohistochemical and molecular analysis of the orbital specimens demonstrated that the orbital inflammation was associated with the presence of antigens of Leishmania braziliensis and DNA from the parasite.

  5. TUMORS OF THE PATELLA: THE EXPERIENCE OF INSTITUTE OF ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY AT UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL

    PubMed Central

    BAPTISTA, ANDRÉ MATHIAS; SARGENTINI, SYLVIO CESAR; ZUMÁRRAGA, JUAN PABLO; CAMARGO, ANDRÉ FERRARI DE FRANÇA; CAMARGO, OLAVO PIRES DE

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: To obtain epidemiological data from the tumors of the patella diagnosed and treated at the Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo (IOT-HC-FMUSP) between 1998 and 2015. Methods: Series of cases with retrospective evaluation of patients diagnosed with tumors located in the patella. The data was obtained from the records and patients' charts at the Department of Pathology of IOT-HC-FMUSP. Results: A total of 2220 medical records from patients with anatomopathological reports were included in the study. Only eight (0.3%) patients had patellar tumors. We found that six (75%) of these were benign, one (12.5%) was a pseudotumoral lesions and one (12.5%) was reported as malignant. Among benign tumors, the giant cell tumor (GCT) was the most frequently reported corresponding to 50% of the cases. Hemagioendothelioma was the only case of malignant tumor in this series. As for the pseudotumoral lesions, we found a brown tumor. Conclusion: From the data obtained retrospectively in a 17 year time frame, in a service that treats benign, malignant and pseudotumoral bone lesions, we conclude that our casuistry in patellar tumors is similar to that reported in scientific literature, where benign tumors are predominant in a 7:1 ratio over malignant tumors, being a rare location of appearance, with the GCT as the most common diagnosis . Level of Evidence IV, Case Series. PMID:27217817

  6. TUMORS OF THE PATELLA: THE EXPERIENCE OF INSTITUTE OF ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY AT UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL.

    PubMed

    Baptista, André Mathias; Sargentini, Sylvio Cesar; Zumárraga, Juan Pablo; Camargo, André Ferrari De França; Camargo, Olavo Pires De

    2016-01-01

    To obtain epidemiological data from the tumors of the patella diagnosed and treated at the Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo (IOT-HC-FMUSP) between 1998 and 2015. Series of cases with retrospective evaluation of patients diagnosed with tumors located in the patella. The data was obtained from the records and patients' charts at the Department of Pathology of IOT-HC-FMUSP. A total of 2220 medical records from patients with anatomopathological reports were included in the study. Only eight (0.3%) patients had patellar tumors. We found that six (75%) of these were benign, one (12.5%) was a pseudotumoral lesions and one (12.5%) was reported as malignant. Among benign tumors, the giant cell tumor (GCT) was the most frequently reported corresponding to 50% of the cases. Hemagioendothelioma was the only case of malignant tumor in this series. As for the pseudotumoral lesions, we found a brown tumor. From the data obtained retrospectively in a 17 year time frame, in a service that treats benign, malignant and pseudotumoral bone lesions, we conclude that our casuistry in patellar tumors is similar to that reported in scientific literature, where benign tumors are predominant in a 7:1 ratio over malignant tumors, being a rare location of appearance, with the GCT as the most common diagnosis . Level of Evidence IV, Case Series.

  7. [Indications and technique for transconjunctival optic nerve sheath fenestration : Video article].

    PubMed

    Lagrèze, W A; Gross, N; Biermann, J; Joachimsen, L

    2017-09-13

    Placement of a ventricular shunt is the primary surgical procedure for lowering intracranial pressure in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome; however, if ophthalmological symptoms prevail over neurological symptoms or if there are no neurological symptoms at all, optic nerve sheath fenestration may be a valuable option for relief of pressure on the retrobulbar optic nerve when papilledema caused by pseudotumor cerebri syndrome threatens vision despite previous conservative measures. This review covers the indications, technique and results of optic nerve sheath fenestration compared to competing procedures based on a systematic literature search, analysis of own cases and a documentation of the surgical technique. After performing a medial transconjunctival orbitotomy the medial rectus muscle tendon is temporarily detached and the eye abducted by traction sutures. Using confocal illumination under a surgical microscope, the optic nerve can be visualized using orbital spatulas and the sheath can be punctured with a microscalpel. A video of this operation is available online. Transconjunctival optic nerve sheath fenestration is a relatively safe method to reduce the rate of visual loss in pseudotumor cerebri syndrome. In selected cases it can be a useful alternative to ventriculoperitoneal/atrial shunts or venous stents.

  8. Revision of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty in a tertiary center: a prospective study of 39 hips with between 1 and 4 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Liddle, Alexander D; Satchithananda, Keshtra; Henckel, Johann; Sabah, Shiraz A; Vipulendran, Karuniyan V; Lewis, Angus; Skinner, John A; Mitchell, Adam W M; Hart, Alister J

    2013-06-01

    Operative findings during revision of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty (MOMHA) vary widely and can involve massive soft tissue and bone disruption. As a result, planning of theater time and resources is difficult, surgery is challenging, and outcomes are often poor. We describe our experience with revision of MOMHA and provide recommendations for management. We present the findings and outcomes of 39 consecutive MOMHAs (in 35 patients) revised in a tertiary unit (median follow-up time 30 (12-54) months). The patients underwent a preoperative work-up including CT, metal artifact reduction sequence (MARS) MRI, and blood metal ion levels. We determined 5 categories of failure. 8 of 39 hips had conventional failure mechanisms including infection and impingement. Of the other 31 hips, 14 showed synovitis without significant disruption of soft tissue; 6 had a cystic pseudotumor with significant soft tissue disruption; 7 had significant osteolysis; and 4 had a solid pseudotumor. Each category of failure had specific surgical hazards that could be addressed preoperatively. There were 2 reoperations and 1 patient (2 hips) died of an unrelated cause. Median Oxford hip score (OHS) was 37 (9-48); median change (ΔOHS) was 17 (-10 to 41) points. ΔOHS was similar in all groups-except those patients with solid pseudotumors and those revised to metal-on-metal bearings, who fared worse. Planning in revision MOMHA is aided by knowledge of the different categories of failure to enable choice of appropriate personnel, theater time, and equipment. With this knowledge, satisfactory outcomes can be achieved in revision of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty.

  9. Muscle atrophy and metal-on-metal hip implants

    PubMed Central

    Berber, Reshid; Khoo, Michael; Cook, Erica; Guppy, Andrew; Hua, Jia; Miles, Jonathan; Carrington, Richard; Skinner, John; Hart, Alister

    2015-01-01

    Background and purpose Muscle atrophy is seen in patients with metal-on-metal (MOM) hip implants, probably because of inflammatory destruction of the musculo-tendon junction. However, like pseudotumors, it is unclear when atrophy occurs and whether it progresses with time. Our objective was to determine whether muscle atrophy associated with MOM hip implants progresses with time. Patients and methods We retrospectively reviewed 74 hips in 56 patients (32 of them women) using serial MRI. Median age was 59 (23–83) years. The median time post-implantation was 83 (35–142) months, and the median interval between scans was 11 months. Hip muscles were scored using the Pfirrmann system. The mean scores for muscle atrophy were compared between the first and second MRI scans. Blood cobalt and chromium concentrations were determined. Results The median blood cobalt was 6.84 (0.24–90) ppb and median chromium level was 4.42 (0.20–45) ppb. The median Oxford hip score was 34 (5–48). The change in the gluteus minimus mean atrophy score between first and second MRI was 0.12 (p = 0.002). Mean change in the gluteus medius posterior portion (unaffected by surgical approach) was 0.08 (p = 0.01) and mean change in the inferior portion was 0.10 (p = 0.05). Mean pseudotumor grade increased by 0.18 (p = 0.02). Interpretation Worsening muscle atrophy and worsening pseudotumor grade occur over a 1-year period in a substantial proportion of patients with MOM hip implants. Serial MRI helps to identify those patients who are at risk of developing worsening soft-tissue pathology. These patients should be considered for revision surgery before irreversible muscle destruction occurs. PMID:25588091

  10. Augmented reality in a tumor resection model.

    PubMed

    Chauvet, Pauline; Collins, Toby; Debize, Clement; Novais-Gameiro, Lorraine; Pereira, Bruno; Bartoli, Adrien; Canis, Michel; Bourdel, Nicolas

    2017-08-15

    Augmented Reality (AR) guidance is a technology that allows a surgeon to see sub-surface structures, by overlaying pre-operative imaging data on a live laparoscopic video. Our objectives were to evaluate a state-of-the-art AR guidance system in a tumor surgical resection model, comparing the accuracy of the resection with and without the system. Our system has three phases. Phase 1: using the MRI images, the kidney's and pseudotumor's surfaces are segmented to construct a 3D model. Phase 2: the intra-operative 3D model of the kidney is computed. Phase 3: the pre-operative and intra-operative models are registered, and the laparoscopic view is augmented with the pre-operative data. We performed a prospective experimental study on ex vivo porcine kidneys. Alginate was injected into the parenchyma to create pseudotumors measuring 4-10 mm. The kidneys were then analyzed by MRI. Next, the kidneys were placed into pelvictrainers, and the pseudotumors were laparoscopically resected. The AR guidance system allows the surgeon to see tumors and margins using classical laparoscopic instruments, and a classical screen. The resection margins were measured microscopically to evaluate the accuracy of resection. Ninety tumors were segmented: 28 were used to optimize the AR software, and 62 were used to randomly compare surgical resection: 29 tumors were resected using AR and 33 without AR. The analysis of our pathological results showed 4 failures (tumor with positive margins) (13.8%) in the AR group, and 10 (30.3%) in the Non-AR group. There was no complete miss in the AR group, while there were 4 complete misses in the non-AR group. In total, 14 (42.4%) tumors were completely missed or had a positive margin in the non-AR group. Our AR system enhances the accuracy of surgical resection, particularly for small tumors. Crucial information such as resection margins and vascularization could also be displayed.

  11. The Inflammatory Phenotype in Failed Metal-On-Metal Hip Arthroplasty Correlates with Blood Metal Concentrations

    PubMed Central

    Paukkeri, Erja-Leena; Korhonen, Riku; Hämäläinen, Mari; Pesu, Marko; Eskelinen, Antti; Moilanen, Teemu; Moilanen, Eeva

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Hip arthroplasty is the standard treatment of a painful hip destruction. The use of modern metal-on-metal (MOM) bearing surfaces gained popularity in total hip arthroplasties during the last decade. Recently, worrisome failures due to adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD), including pseudotumor response, have been widely reported. However, the pathogenesis of this reaction remains poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ARMD response by flow cytometry approach. Methods Sixteen patients with a failed Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) hip prosthesis were included in the study. Samples of pseudotumor tissues collected during revision surgery were degraded by enzyme digestion and cells were typed by flow cytometry. Whole blood chromium and cobalt concentrations were analyzed with mass spectrometry before revision surgery. Results Flow cytometry analysis showed that the peri-implant pseudotumor tissue expressed two principal phenotypes, namely macrophage-dominated and T-lymphocyte-dominated response; the average portions being 54% (macrophages) and 25% (T-lymphocytes) in macrophage-dominated inflammation and 20% (macrophages) and 54% (T-lymphocytes) in T-lymphocyte-dominated response. The percentages of B-lymphocytes and granulocytes were lower in both phenotypes. Interestingly, the levels of blood chromium and cobalt were significantly higher in patients with macrophage-dominated response. Conclusions The results suggest that the adverse tissue reactions induced by MOM wear particles contain heterogeneous pathogeneses and that the metal levels are an important factor in the determination of the inflammatory phenotype. The present results support the hypothesis that higher metal levels cause cytotoxicity and tissue injury and macrophages are recruited to clear the necrotic debris. On the other hand, the adverse response developed in association with lower metal levels is T-lymphocyte-dominated and is likely to reflect

  12. Intracranial hypertension: An unusual presentation of mucormycosis in a kidney transplant recipient.

    PubMed

    Jha, R; Gude, D; Chennamsetty, S; Kotari, H

    2013-03-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), once called pseudotumor cerebri, presents with nonspecific signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and papilledema, and is associated with high risk of loss of vision. Zygomycosis is a rare but serious fungal infection seen occasionally among renal transplant recipients in the late transplant period with high mortality risk. Early diagnosis coupled with multidisciplinary care can salvage the patient from the risk of death. We present an unusual case of adult renal transplant recipient with IIH followed by rhinocerebral zygomycosis secondary to amplified immunosuppression that was managed successfully.

  13. Intracranial hypertension: An unusual presentation of mucormycosis in a kidney transplant recipient

    PubMed Central

    Jha, R.; Gude, D.; Chennamsetty, S.; Kotari, H.

    2013-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), once called pseudotumor cerebri, presents with nonspecific signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and papilledema, and is associated with high risk of loss of vision. Zygomycosis is a rare but serious fungal infection seen occasionally among renal transplant recipients in the late transplant period with high mortality risk. Early diagnosis coupled with multidisciplinary care can salvage the patient from the risk of death. We present an unusual case of adult renal transplant recipient with IIH followed by rhinocerebral zygomycosis secondary to amplified immunosuppression that was managed successfully. PMID:23716920

  14. Gastric Volvulus Following Left Pneumonectomy in an Adolescent Patient

    PubMed Central

    Farber, Benjamin A.; Lim, Irene Isabel P.; Murphy, Jennifer M.; Price, Anita P.; Abramson, Sara J.; La Quaglia, Michael P.

    2015-01-01

    Gastric volvulus is a rare post-pneumonectomy complication. Although it has been described previously, published cases are limited to an older patient population. We report the youngest case of postpneumonectomy gastric volvulus to date, occurring in an 18-year-old male with a history of inflammatory myofibroblastic pseudotumor who underwent left intrapericardial pneumonectomy, and presented 13 years later with chronic intermittent mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus. While postpneumonectomy gastric volvulus is a rare occurrence, it should remain in the differential diagnosis in postoperative thoracic surgical patients presenting with chest pain. PMID:26504742

  15. Infections of the cerebellum.

    PubMed

    Pruitt, Amy A

    2014-11-01

    Although the cerebellum can be affected by any infection that also involves other parts of the brain parenchyma, cerebrospinal fluid, or nerve roots, a limited range of infections targets cerebellar structures preferentially. Thus, a primarily cerebellar syndrome narrows infectious differential diagnostic considerations. The differential diagnosis of rapidly evolving cerebellar signs suggesting infection includes prescription or illicit drug intoxications or adverse reactions, inflammatory pseudotumor, paraneoplastic processes, and acute postinfectious cerebellitis. This article discusses the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of viral, bacterial, fungal, and prion pathogens affecting the cerebellum in patterns predictable by pace of illness and by involved neuroanatomic structures.

  16. [Idiopathic intracranial hypertension].

    PubMed

    Bäuerle, J; Egger, K; Harloff, A

    2017-02-01

    This review describes the clinical findings as well as thes diagnostic and therapeutic options for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri). Furthermore, the pathophysiological concepts are discussed. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is characterized by signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure with no established pathogenesis. Common symptoms include headaches, visual loss and pulsatile tinnitus. Treatment has two major goals: the alleviation of headaches and the preservation of vision. Weight loss and acetazolamide are the cornerstones in the treatment of the disorder. Drainage of cerebrospinal fluid, optic nerve sheath fenestration and stent angioplasty of a sinus stenosis can be employed in severe cases.

  17. Intradiploic dermoid cyst: a rare cause of intracranial hypertension.

    PubMed

    Hashemi, Seyed Mahmood Ramak; Hedayat, Mostafa Raei; Alghasi, Mohsen

    2014-06-01

    In this study, we report a rare case of intradiploic dermoid cyst in a patient who developed rapid symptoms of intracranial hypertension (ICH) that mimicked Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome clinically. A 25-year-old female presented with a history of headache, nausea, vertigo and blurred vision in the past 4 months. Images revealed a small supratentorial extradural intradiploic tumor. A midline occipital craniotomy was performed and total removal of the dermoid cyst was accomplished. Present case demonstrated that dermoid cysts can be considered an exceptionally rare basic cause of ICH.

  18. Ileal inflammatory fibroid polyp causing chronic ileocolic intussusception and mimicking cecal carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Gara, Naveen; Falzarano, John S; Limm, Whitney ML; Namiki, Thomas S; Tom, Laurie KS

    2009-01-01

    Inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is a rare, idiopathic pseudotumorous lesion of the gastrointestinal tract. While mostly reported as solitary gastric lesions, multiple cases of small bowel IFPs are also reported. It is a documented cause of intussusception in adults. In the case reports of ileal inflammatory fibroid polyps with intussusception, an emergent presentation with small bowel obstruction has been most often described. Here we depict a case of ileal inflammatory fibroid polyp presenting with chronic intermittent ileocolic intussusception, anemia and weight loss with an endoscopic appearance mimicking necrotic cecal carcinoma. PMID:21160780

  19. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: report of two pediatric cases.

    PubMed

    Fangusaro, J; Klopfenstein, K; Groner, J; Hammond, S; Altura, R A

    2004-01-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are benign neoplasms histologically composed of lymphocytes, histiocytes, macrophages, foam cells, and plasma cells among a spindle-shaped stroma. Their etiology and potential for metastatic spread is controversial. Numerous predisposing factors have been suggested, including preceding infections, radiotherapy, and local trauma. We present two cases of pseudotumors that developed in children following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. These are the first cases after hematopoietic transplant reported in the literature. As these neoplasms are difficult to diagnose and are often confused with highly aggressive tumors, our cases demonstrate that a high index of suspicion for such lesions must be maintained when evaluating masses in post transplant patients.

  20. [Thoracic tumor-like fungal mycetoma: interest of large surgery with terbinafine].

    PubMed

    Diatta, B A; Ndiaye, M; Sarr, L; Diatta, B J M; Gueye, A B; Diop, A; Bangoura, M; Diouf, A B; Djioumoi, H; Hakim, H; Diallo, M; Sané, A D; Dieng, M T; Kane, A

    2014-12-01

    Fungal mycetoma are inflammatory pseudo-tumors of subcutaneous tissues and possibly bones due to exogenous fungi. They have a chronic course, often poly-fistulated with an emission of fungal grains. We report the case of a 65-year-old farmer with a thoracic fungal mycetoma discovered incidentally, associated with bone involvement. The diagnosis was confirmed by the positive culture to Madurella mycetomatis. The outcome was favorable with terbinafine 1g per day for 12 months associated with complete excision of oncologic type followed by a skin graft. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. [Analysis of 18 Tunisian cases of mycetoma at the Sousse hospital (1974-2010)].

    PubMed

    Aounallah, A; Boussofara, L; Ben Saïd, Z; Ghariani, N; Saidi, W; Denguezli, M; Belajouza, C; Nouira, R

    2013-02-01

    Mycetoma are inflammatory pseudotumors, due to infection by bacterial (Actinomycetoma) or fungal (Eumycetoma) agent. A retrospective study was conducted during 34 years. Our aim was to study epidemiologic, clinic, therapeutic and microbiologic characteristics. Eighteen patients were assessed. Sex-ratio H/F was 2. The mean age was 43.6 years. Principal localization was the feet. Our study was characterized by majority of actinomycetoma found in 15 cases (Actinomadura madurae in 14 cases and Nocardia sp. in one case). Eumycetoma were diagnosed in 3 cases (Madurella mycetomatis in two cases and Pseudallesheria in one case). All patients received medical treatment associated with surgical treatment in 11 cases.

  2. Acute Traumatic Tear of Latissimus Dorsi Muscle in an Elite Track Athlete

    PubMed Central

    Çelebi, Mehmet Mesut; Ergen, Emin; Üstüner, Evren

    2013-01-01

    Soft tissue injuries constitute 30-50% of all sports related injuries; however, injury to the latissimus dorsi muscle is quite rare with only a few cases reported in the literature. Herein, we describe an acute traumatic tear of the latissimus dorsi muscle in an elite track athlete, which has not been reported in the track and field sports before. The injury was caused by forceful resisted arm adduction that took place at hurdling and starting from the block. A pseudotumor appearance in the axillary region was misdiagnosed as a mass. The diagnosis was made by ultrasound alone and the patient was managed conservatively. PMID:24765503

  3. Acute traumatic tear of latissimus dorsi muscle in an elite track athlete.

    PubMed

    Celebi, Mehmet Mesut; Ergen, Emin; Ustüner, Evren

    2013-08-02

    Soft tissue injuries constitute 30-50% of all sports related injuries; however, injury to the latissimus dorsi muscle is quite rare with only a few cases reported in the literature. Herein, we describe an acute traumatic tear of the latissimus dorsi muscle in an elite track athlete, which has not been reported in the track and field sports before. The injury was caused by forceful resisted arm adduction that took place at hurdling and starting from the block. A pseudotumor appearance in the axillary region was misdiagnosed as a mass. The diagnosis was made by ultrasound alone and the patient was managed conservatively.

  4. Midline brain-in-brain malformation associated with bilateral perirolandic cortical abnormalities: an image review of this rare disorder.

    PubMed

    da Rocha, Antonio José; Santana, Pedro José; Maia, Antonio Carlos Martins

    2012-12-01

    A midline brain-in-brain malformation was recently reported, but appropriate classification of this malformation remains uncertain. We describe a child with a complex brain malformation that was not restricted to the midline structures, enlarging the neuroanatomical spectrum of this pseudotumoral midline dysplasia associated with corpus callosum dysgenesis, azygos anterior cerebral artery, absent septum pellucidum and bilateral perirolandic cortical abnormalities. The spectrum of fusion of the cerebral hemispheres and associated brain hemispherical abnormalities is not completely understood. Our data are in line with previous arguments that this malformation could be an additional variant in the spectrum of holoprosencephaly.

  5. Tumor formation in Hoffa's infrapatellar fat: Case report.

    PubMed

    Mozella, Alan de Paula; da Silveira Moller, João Victor; de Araújo Barros Cobra, Hugo Alexandre

    2015-01-01

    Although tumors or pseudotumoral lesions are rare in the infrapatellar fat, they may affect it. Osteochondroma is the commonest benign bone tumor. However, extraskeletal presentations are rare. There are three extraskeletal variants of osteochondroma: synovial chondromatosis, para-articular chondroma and soft-tissue chondroma. We present a case of a single intra-articular lesion in the area of Hoffa's fat, in a 78-year-old female patient with a complaint of progressive knee pain associated with severe arthrosis. From the clinical and radiological findings, the diagnosis was para-articular osteochondroma. However, the histopathological findings, after excision of the lesion, showed that this was synovial chondromatosis secondary to osteoarthrosis.

  6. A Laparoscopic Technique for Retrieval and Prevention of Migration of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Tubing

    PubMed Central

    Klee, Vanessa M.; Zimmerman, Richard S.; Harold, Kristi L.

    2009-01-01

    A 31-year-old female with a history of pseudotumor cerebri presented with headache and abdominal discomfort after placement of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. The VP shunt was placed after prior failure and revision of a lumbar peritoneal shunt. Computed tomography demonstrated shunt migration into the subcutaneous tissue. Laparoscopy was used to reposition the VP shunt, directing the shunt toward the pelvis. The patient presented for further evaluation one month later, at which point the shunt was shown to have migrated into the subcutaneous tissue once again. Laparoscopy was again used to reposition the shunt and affix it to the abdominal wall by using polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) mesh. PMID:19366553

  7. Indium-111 WBC scan in acute toxic centrilobular hepatic necrosis

    SciTech Connect

    Davidson, R.M.; Dhekne, R.D.; Moore, W.H. )

    1989-12-01

    In this case of prolonged fever and abnormal liver functions, dual tracer scintigraphy with In-111 WBCs and Tc-99m SC led to a biopsy-proven diagnosis of severe acute toxic hepatitis (hepatocellular necrosis). Correlation of the Tc-99m SC scan findings with those previously reported for pseudotumors of the liver is discussed. A pseudonormal scan pattern is described for the In-111 WBC scintigraphy. Discordance between In-111 WBC and Tc-99m SC scintigraphy in this clinical setting should raise the possibility of hepatic necrosis as a diagnostic alternative to hepatic abscess.

  8. Diplopia: What to Double Check in Radiographic Imaging of Double Vision.

    PubMed

    Kirsch, Claudia F E; Black, Karen

    2017-01-01

    When patients see double with both eyes open, known as "binocular diplopia," this may be a harbinger of underlying life-threatening causes. This article presents pertinent anatomy, critical abnormality, and radiographic features that should be double checked for in diplopia. Key areas requiring a double check using the acronym VISION include Vascular, Infectious and Inflammatory, the Scalp for giant cell arteritis, Sphenoid and Skull base in trauma, Increased intracranial pressure (pseudotumor cerebri), Onset of new headaches or psychosis, and Neoplasm. This article reviews the pertinent abnormalities and radiographic imaging critical to assess in patients with diplopia.

  9. Bilateral Meckel's cave amyloidoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Gültaşli, N; van den Hauwe, L; Bruneau, M; D'Haene, N; Delpierre, I; Balériaux, D

    2012-05-01

    Primary solitary amyloidoma of Meckel's cave is rare, and a bilateral location is even more rare. To the best of our knowledge, only 12 cases in the literature have described such a primary lesion, including one case of bilateral involvement of Meckel's cave. We report here on the case of a 57-year-old woman presenting with pseudotumor masses involving both Meckel's caves and responsible for trigeminal neuropathy. The final diagnosis of amyloidoma was made on the basis of histological examination of surgical biopsy specimens.

  10. [Lymph node myofibroblastoma: report of a submandibular case with peculiar morphologic and immunohistochemical characteristics].

    PubMed

    Ambrosiani, L; Bellone, S; Cecchetti, G; Ceretti, E; Messa, E; Tavani, E

    1994-10-01

    The Authors describe a case of intranodal myofibroblastoma presenting in the submandibular region as a firm, indolent and freely mobile rounded nodule of about 3 cm. in diameter. The nature of this uncommon benign lesion is discussed. The observed histological features are partly different from the cases originally described. A proliferation of moderately pleomorphic spindle cells, which are vimentin and muscle specific actin positive, occupies a large part of a lymph node, sharply separated from the normal tissue. The so called "amianthoid fibres" are however absent and the inflammatory cells are almost exclusively eosinophils, mainly localized at the border between the lesion and the residual lymph node. Some spindle cells also show an unexplained positivity for the S-100 protein. In addition, extranodal extension of inflammation with few spindle cells is present. Such a complex picture has many features in common with the inflammatory pseudotumor of lymph node, another benign cause of lymphadenopathy. For this reason, the Authors suggest the possibility that myofibroblastoma is not a true neoplasm, but, together with the inflammatory pseudotumor, a peculiar type or a different stage of an abnormal lymph node reactivity.

  11. [Intrathoracic-mediastinal myofibroblastic tumor. Report and experience of one case].

    PubMed

    Hernández-Ascencio, Julio Abraham; Rios-Cruz, Daniel; Grube-Pagola, Peter; Gómez-Calzada, Juan Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    Inflammatory pseudotumor is a little known and uncommon condition. The debate continues whether it represents an inflammatory lesion or is a true neoplasm. It is considered a reactive process usually characterized by irregular growth of inflammatory cells. It has been described at various sites, the most common being the lung. The aim of this report is to emphasize the difficulty in the initial diagnosis. We present the case of a 56-year-old male who reports an 8-month history of dry cough, dyspnea, fatigue, weakness and weight loss of 20 kg. We performed two biopsies, one positive for malignancy without response to medical treatment and the second reporting chronic granulomatous inflammation. The patient underwent sternotomy, revealing a tumor of 20 × 17 × 10 cm, weighing approximately 2 kg. The tumor was dependent on the anterior mediastinum surrounding large vessels, and venous brachiocephalic, pericardium and both pleuras with firm adhesions to the right lung. Pathological report was as follows: inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with positive immunohistochemistry for CD20 and CD3. Postoperative course was satisfactory and 1 year after surgery there was no evidence of recurrence. Inflammatory pseudotumor is a benign neoplasm of unknown origin with a chronic course. It can simulate a malignant tumor, causing constitutional manifestations, airway obstruction, cardiac alterations or other symptoms according to their location. Diagnosis is based on radiological features and direct biopsy. Treatment of choice is complete resection of the tumor with a favorable long-term outcome.

  12. Vaginal extrusion of a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt catheter in an adult

    PubMed Central

    Bonfield, Christopher M.; Weiner, Gregory M.; Bradley, Megan S.; Engh, Johnathan A.

    2015-01-01

    Ventriculo-peritoneal shunts (VPS) are commonly used in the treatment of various neurosurgical conditions, including hydrocephalus and pseudotumor cerebri. We report only the second case of vaginal extrusion of a VPS catheter in an adult, and the first case with a modern VPS silastic peritoneal catheter. A 45-year-old female with a history of VPS for pseudotumor cerebri, Behcet's syndrome, and hysterectomy presented to our institution with the chief complaint of tubing protruding from her vagina after urination. On gynecologic examination, the patient was found to have approximately 15 cm of VPS catheter protruding from her vaginal apex. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen and shunt X-ray series demonstrated no breaks in the tubing, but also confirmed the finding of the VPS catheter extruding through the vaginal cuff into the vagina. The patient had the VPS removed and an external ventricular drain was placed for temporary cerebrospinal fluid diversion. Ventricular catheter cultures were positive for diphtheroids. After an appropriate course of antibiotics, a contralateral ventriculo-pleural shunt was placed one week later. Although vary rare, vaginal extrusion can occur in adults, even with modern VPS catheters. PMID:25552862

  13. Abdominal inflammatory masses mimicking neoplasia in children-experience of two centers.

    PubMed

    Czauderna, Piotr; Schaarschmidt, Klaus; Komasara, Leszek; Harms, Dieter; Lempe, Michael; Vorpahl, Klaus; Szumera, Malgorzata; Balanda, Alicja

    2005-05-01

    Despite progress in modern imaging, some inflammatory masses are difficult to distinguish clinically from neoplastic processes. In such cases the pathology report has a great distinctive value, but even then the final diagnosis may be difficult to reach. Eight patients with abdominal tumors of inflammatory origin were treated in two institutions, the Department of Pediatric Surgery of the Medical University of Gdansk, Poland, and Helios Center of Pediatric Surgery in Berlin, Germany, during the last 10 years. Four tumors were located in the pelvis, two in the liver, and two in the colonic mesentery. Five of them were inflammatory pseudotumors (two subclassified as inflammatory fibrosarcoma), one had nonspecific inflammatory changes, one was diagnosed as idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis, and one was diagnosed as bacillary angiomatosis. All patients underwent surgical tumor biopsy, excisional in four and incisional in four. All but two children underwent macroscopically complete tumor excision (four primarily, two secondarily). In one case the tumor resolved with antibiotherapy. Surgery in retroperitoneal masses was often extensive and associated with significant complications because of invasive tumor growth. In conclusion, intraabdominal inflammatory lesions may closely mimic neoplasia in children. Clinical doubts result in repeated biopsies, and for this reason excisional biopsy should be preferred. In some cases, when excisional biopsy is not feasible due to invasive growth of the tumor, delayed complete mass excision should follow, despite occasional significant morbidity. The etiology and exact nature of inflammatory pseudotumors are still obscure, and it is unknown whether they represent inflammatory lesions or true neoplasia.

  14. Clinical and Wear Analyses of 9 Large Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Prostheses

    PubMed Central

    Mathijssen, N. M. C.; Witt, F.; Morlock, M. M.; Vehmeijer, S. B. W.

    2016-01-01

    Background Metal-on-Metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties (THA) are associated with pseudotumor formation and high revision rates. This prospective study analysed the clinical and wear analyses of 9 large Metal-on-Metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties (THA) to understand the underlying mechanisms of failure. The MoM bearings were revised for multiple reasons; the main reason was pseudotumor formation. Materials and Methods From 2006 till 2010 the Reinier de Graaf Hospital implanted 160 large head M2a-Magnum™ (Biomet Inc. Warsaw, Indiana, USA) THAs in 150 patients. The first year, 9 bearings were revised and analysed at the Biomechanics Section, Hamburg University of Technology, Germany. We performed clinical (Harris Hip Score, radiographic analysis, blood cobalt and chromium) and wear analysis (implant, tissue and fluid) of the 9 bearings. Since this study did not fall under the scope of the Medical Research Involving Human Subjects Act in The Netherlands, no ethical approval was necessary. In this prospective study all patient details were anonymized by the corresponding author, all other authors were blinded during the research and wear analyses. Patients with bilateral MoM implants were excluded. Results The 9 bearings had a median (IQR) survival of 41.0 (25) months in situ. From these bearings, three showed no noticeable wear. The median (IQR) head wear volume was 3.2 (3.6) mm3 and maximum wear depth 0.02 (0.02) mm. For the cup the median (IQR) wear volume was 0.23 (0.3) mm3 with a maximum wear depth of 0.03 (0.05) mm. Conclusion An early identification of parameters related to failure of the MoM THA, such as pain, decreased range of motion, radiographic changes and high levels of blood cobalt and chromium is of great importance for patient’s quality of life. Especially now patients and surgeons face the long term effects of all these bearings still in situ. This study reports the clinical and wear analyses of 9 MoM THA. In the majority of this group the

  15. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of inguinal lymph nodes, simulating lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Gandhi, Akansha; Malhotra, Kiran Preet; Sharma, Sonal

    2015-01-01

    Multiple enlarged lymph nodes in an elderly female patient can have varied etiologies as well as histologic pictures. We are presenting the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with inguinal lymphadenopathy with fever, which was clinically misconstrued as lymphoma. Cytology could not exclude a lymphoma. Histology led to the unusual diagnosis of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of lymph node in this case. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the lymph node is a rare, distinctive reactive proliferative pattern in the lymph node which involves proliferation of the connective tissue elements of the lymph node, admixed with lymphocytes, plasma cells, eosinophils, and histiocytes. Multiple etiologic agents have been suggested in existing literature. Despite extensive search, no definite attributable cause could be sought. It is now widely accepted that inflammatory pseudotumor of the lymph node is a non-neoplastic proliferation which has a benign clinical course and excellent prognosis after surgical resection.

  16. Jejunal intussusception caused by a huge Vanek's tumor: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Neishaboori, Hassan; Emadian, Omid

    2013-01-01

    Inflammatory fibroid polyp (known also as Vanek's tumor) is a type of localized, non-neoplastic inflammatory pseudotumor or inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor that occurs most commonly in the stomach but also in the small and large bowel. It is a documented cause of intussusception in adults. We report a case of a 40-year-old woman who presented with severe, postprandial abdominal pain followed by projectile vomiting over a period of three days. Ultrasonography demonstrated a solid and echogenic mass surrounded by the typical mural layers of an invaginated jejunum. She underwent urgent laparotomy and resection of an 18 cm tumor from the distal jejunum. The immuno-histopathological diagnosis after segmental jejunal resection was a jejunal inflammatory fibroid polyp. Although inflammatory fibroid polyps are seen very rarely in adults, they are among the probable diagnoses that should be considered in obstructive tumors of the small bowel causing intussusceptions. PMID:24834274

  17. [Magnetic resonance neurography for the identification of pudendal neuralgia].

    PubMed

    Cejas, Claudia P; Bordegaray, Susana; Stefanoff, Nadia I; Rollán, Cecilia; Escobar, Inés T; Consigliere Rodríguez, Pablo

    2017-01-01

    The pudendal nerve entrapment is an entity understudied by diagnosis imaging. Various causes are recognized in relation to difficult labors, rectal, perineal, urological and gynecological surgery, pelvic trauma fracture, bones tumors and compression by tumors or pelvic pseudotumors. Pudendal neuropathy should be clinically suspected, and confirmed by different methods such as electrofisiological testing: evoked potentials, terminal motor latency test and electromyogram, neuronal block and magnetic resonance imaging. The radiologist should be acquainted with the complex anatomy of the pelvic floor, particularly on the path of pudendal nerve studied by magnetic resonance imaging. High resolution magnetic resonance neurography should be used as a complementary diagnostic study along with clinical and electrophysiological examinations in patients with suspected pudendal nerve neuralgia.

  18. Simulated pituitary apoplexy: report of an unusual case due to hemorrhage into hypothalamic astrocytoma.

    PubMed

    Glew, W B

    1977-02-01

    An unusual case of acute bilateral loss of vision simulating pituitary apoplexy but due instead to a fatal hemorrhage into a hypothalamic glioma is reported. The clinician dealing with abrupt loss of vision must promptly rule out ocular and orbital causes and then proceed immediately to a consideration of the variety of intracranial lesions which may cause sudden visual loss. Uihlein and Rucker have listed them in descending order of frequency: pituitary adenoma, tumors of the optic nerve and chiasm, supraclinoid aneurysm, parasellar lesion, thrombosis of the carotid artery, hydrocephalus of the third ventricle, chiasmal arachnoiditis, fracture of the anterior cranial fossa, basofrontal tumor of the skull, and pseudotumor cerebri. Neurologic, ophthalmologic, and neuroradiologic evaluations should be obtained without delay and will usually define the lesion and point to the appropriate treatment.

  19. Sensitivity improvement of Cerenkov luminescence endoscope with terbium doped Gd{sub 2}O{sub 2}S nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Cao, Xin; Chen, Xueli E-mail: jimleung@mail.xidian.edu.cn; Cao, Xu; Zhan, Yonghua; Liang, Jimin E-mail: jimleung@mail.xidian.edu.cn; Kang, Fei; Wang, Jing; Wu, Kaichun

    2015-05-25

    Our previous study showed a great attenuation for the Cerenkov luminescence endoscope (CLE), resulting in relatively low detection sensitivity of radiotracers. Here, a kind of radioluminescence nanoparticles (RLNPs), terbium doped Gd{sub 2}O{sub 2}S was mixed with the radionuclide {sup 68}Ga to enhance the intensity of emitted luminescence, which finally improved the detection sensitivity of the CLE by using the radioluminescence imaging technique. With the in vitro and in vivo pseudotumor experiments, we showed that the use of RLNPs mixed with the radionuclide {sup 68}Ga enabled superior sensitivity compared with the radionuclide {sup 68}Ga only, with 50-fold improvement on detection sensitivity, which guaranteed meeting the demands of the clinical diagnosis of gastrointestinal tract tumors.

  20. [The effect of smoking and forced use of the voice to development of the vocal polyps].

    PubMed

    Gnjatic, M; Stankovic, P; Djukić, V

    2009-01-01

    Dysphonia is often caused by polyps which are benign changes of pseudotumors. With their presence they are hampering with glotis oclusion. Laryngomicroscopy of general and endotracheal anaesthesia has been preformed on all of the patients. Microsurgical technique has been used to remove the polyps. Bioptic material was analyzed in pathophysiological laboratory of clinic of pathology in Banjaluka. All of the results were presented through tables and graphic representations. Frequency of polyps through age and sex groups, along with the examination of ethyological factors in emergence of polyps of vocal cords. Results are in accordance with the results of other authors who were involved in similar problematics. Through analysis of our data we percieve that the abuse of voice is part of ethiological factors that lead not only to emergence of vocal fold lesions but aswell as other benign changes.

  1. The catecholamines up (Catsup) protein of Drosophila melanogaster functions as a negative regulator of tyrosine hydroxylase activity.

    PubMed Central

    Stathakis, D G; Burton, D Y; McIvor, W E; Krishnakumar, S; Wright, T R; O'Donnell, J M

    1999-01-01

    We report the genetic, phenotypic, and biochemical analyses of Catecholamines up (Catsup), a gene that encodes a negative regulator of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity. Mutations within this locus are semidominant lethals of variable penetrance that result in three broad, overlapping effective lethal phases (ELPs), indicating that the Catsup gene product is essential throughout development. Mutants from each ELP exhibit either cuticle defects or catecholamine-related abnormalities, such as melanotic salivary glands or pseudotumors. Additionally, Catsup mutants have significantly elevated TH activity that may arise from a post-translational modification of the enzyme. The hyperactivation of TH in Catsup mutants results in abnormally high levels of catecholamines, which can account for the lethality, visible phenotypes, and female sterility observed in these mutants. We propose that Catsup is a component of a novel system that downregulates TH activity, making Catsup the fourth locus found within the Dopa decarboxylase (Ddc) gene cluster that functions in catecholamine metabolism. PMID:10471719

  2. Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor: Rare Manifestation in Face.

    PubMed

    da Silva, William Phillip Pereira; Zavarez, Larissa Balbo; Zanferrari, Fernando Luiz; Schussel, Juliana Lucena; Faverani, Leonardo Pérez; Jung, Juliana Elizabeth; Sassi, Laurindo Moacir

    2017-10-11

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, also known as inflammatory pseudotumor and plasma cell granuloma, is a tumor that occurs most often in the lungs, abdomen, skin, soft tissue, genital system, and mediastinal. Before surgery, the diagnosis is difficult to establish because of its diverse manifestations. In the head and neck, manifestation is rare and may occur in the upper respiratory tract, soft tissues, orbits, and skull base. This article aims to report a rare manifestation of the disease in the face, highlighting the importance of a correct diagnosis to determine the most appropriate form of treatment, in male patient, leucoderma, 22 years old, with complain of a painless unilateral growth in the left cheek, beginning 2 months before and with progressive growth.

  3. A case of Mikulicz's disease complicated by malignant lymphoma: a postmortem histopathological finding.

    PubMed

    Uehara, Takeshi; Ikeda, Shu-ichi; Hamano, Hideaki; Kawa, Shigeyuki; Moteki, Hideaki; Matsuda, Kazuyuki; Kaneko, Yasunori; Hara, Eiji

    2012-01-01

    A 66-year-old Japanese man with an 11-year history of Mikulicz's disease (MD) received continuous corticosteroid administration. At age 58, a left renal pelvic mass was identified and diagnosed as an IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor. The patient underwent an operation to remove the tumor. Subsequently, he contracted repeated pulmonary infections and eventually died of severe gastrointestinal bleeding. Autopsy revealed systemic lymph node swelling and infiltration in some organs, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was diagnosed. These findings suggest that an IgG4-related disease can be causally related to the development of malignant lymphoma through the occurrence of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma.

  4. Neuro-ophthalmology and neuro-otology update.

    PubMed

    Gold, Daniel R; Zee, David S

    2015-12-01

    This review summarizes topical papers from the fields of neuro-ophthalmology and neuro-otology published from August 2013 to February 2015. The main findings are: (1) diagnostic criteria for pseudotumor cerebri have been updated, and the Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment Trial evaluated the efficacy of acetazolamide in patients with mild vision loss, (2) categorization of vestibular disorders through history and ocular motor examination is particularly important in the acute vestibular syndrome, where timely distinction between a central or peripheral localization is essential, (3) the newly described "sagging eye syndrome" provides a mechanical explanation for an isolated esodeviation that increases at distance in the aging population and (4) eye movement recordings better define how cerebellar dysfunction and/or sixth nerve palsy may play a role in other patients with esodeviations that increase at distance.

  5. Cerebrospinal Fluid Mechanics and Its Coupling to Cerebrovascular Dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linninger, Andreas A.; Tangen, Kevin; Hsu, Chih-Yang; Frim, David

    2016-01-01

    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is not stagnant but displays fascinating oscillatory flow patterns inside the ventricular system and reversing fluid exchange between the cranial vault and spinal compartment. This review provides an overview of the current knowledge of pulsatile CSF motion. Observations contradicting classical views about its bulk production and clearance are highlighted. A clinical account of diseases of abnormal CSF flow dynamics, including hydrocephalus, syringomyelia, Chiari malformation type 1, and pseudotumor cerebri, is also given. We survey medical imaging modalities used to observe intracranial dynamics in vivo. Additionally, we assess the state of the art in predictive models of CSF dynamics. The discussion addresses open questions regarding CSF dynamics as they relate to the understanding and management of diseases.

  6. [Basilar ectasia and stroke: clinical aspects of 21 cases].

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, R de M; Cardeal, J O; Lima, J G

    1997-09-01

    Ectasia of the basilar artery (EB) occurs when its diameter is greater than normal along all or part of its course, and/or when it is abnormally tortuous. EB may cause cranial nerve dysfunction, ischemic stroke or subarachnoid hemorrhage, pseudotumor or hydrocephalus. We tried to describe cases of stroke associated with EB, analyze its frequency, clinical aspects, and the mechanisms involved in different forms of its presentation. We found 21 patients with stroke and EB. The association between EB and stroke was more prevalent in males over the age of fifty. Main symptoms were hemiparesia, cranial nerves dysfunction, and cerebellar ataxia. Cerebral infarcts associated with EB were due to different mechanisms: arterial thrombosis, artery-to-artery embolism, mass effect with angulation and obstruction of the vertebral and basilar branches.

  7. Laryngeal Granuloma – Benefit in Treatment with Zinc Supplementation?

    PubMed Central

    Djukić, Vojko; Krejović-Trivić, Sanja; Vukašinović, Milan; Trivić, Aleksandar; Pavlović, Bojan; Milovanović, Aleksandar; Milovanović, Jovica

    2015-01-01

    Summary Laryngeal granulomas present as contact and postintubation ulcers and granulomas. Essentially, a contact granuloma is a pseudotumor of the lateral wall of the posterior glottis. The most common etiological factor is voice abuse, with predisponing factors such as reflux disease. Postintubation ulcers and granulomas, although of different etiology, according to all the other traits belong to this clinical entity. The therapy of choice is conservative treatment. Surgical laser excision is indicated for resistant cases and those whose size is causing respiratory distress. Treatment of laryngeal granulomas with zinc supplementation is reported in the literature as one of the forms of conservative treatment, and we wanted to consider it in this review. Zinc is an essential mineral that plays a vital role in many biochemical reactions and is considered very important for wound healing. PMID:28356836

  8. Protective effects of Zn(2+) against cobalt nanoparticles and cobalt chloride-induced cytotoxicity of RAW 264.7cells via ROS pathway.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Hai; Liu, Yake; Hong, Hongxiang; Wang, Wei; Liu, Fan

    2017-04-29

    Recent concerns have emerged surrounding the toxicity that cobalt may represent when used in MOM implants. Owing to corrosion and wear of MOM implants, the subsequent released cobalt nanoparticles (CoNPs) or Co ions (Co(2+)) can cause adverse reactions, such as the generation of pseudotumors, extensive necrosis, early osteolysis, and implants failure. The present study confirmed that CoNPs and Co(2+) can induce dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity with increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Additionally, using metallothionein (MT), a heavy metal-binding protein, the present study assessed the protective effects of Zn(2+) against CoNPs and Co(2+)-induced cytotoxicity of RAW 264.7 cells through ROS pathway. Further studies are needed to explore the underlying protective mechanisms in vitro. However, the current findings indicate that the ROS pathway may be a potential target for therapeutic interventions. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  9. Diagnosis of colonic amebiasis and coexisting signet-ring cell carcinoma in intestinal biopsy.

    PubMed

    Grosse, Alexandra

    2016-09-28

    Amebiasis is uncommon in developed countries. Several case reports in the literature emphasize that both the presenting symptoms and the radiological findings of colonic amebiasis closely resemble more common conditions, such as idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease and gastro-intestinal malignancy. We describe a unique case of colonic amebiasis (amebomas) coexisting with signet-ring cell carcinoma of the ileocecal valve, the cecum and the appendix. Endoscopically, the ulcerated tumor was indistinguishable from the ulcerations and pseudotumors (amebomas) detected in the ascending colon. Histological examination of biopsy specimens revealed the pathognomonic features of protozoa with ingested erythrocytes in combination with signet-ring cell infiltration. The author concludes that amebiasis may not only mimic carcinoma but, rarely, may coexist with carcinoma in the same patient. Clinicians and pathologists should be aware of this possibility in order not to delay diagnosis and treatment of malignant disease.

  10. [Hemophilia.

    PubMed

    Amador-Medina, Lauro Fabián; Vargas-Ruiz, Angel Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    Hemophilia is a genetic disease in which the clinical manifestation is mainly the presence of hemorrhage. There are two known types of hemophilia: hemophilia A and B, which have a deficiency of factor VIII or IX clotting, respectively. The intensity of bleeding in hemophilia depends on the plasma levels of factor VIII or IX and has traditionally been classified as mild (> 5 % activity), moderate (1-5 % activity) and severe (< 1 % activity). In laboratory tests, isolated prolongation of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) can be found, but it is necessary to determine the plasma levels of factor VIII or IX to establish the diagnosis of hemophilia A or B. The treating of this disease involves replacing exogenous factor VIII or IX concentrates. Gene therapy could be an option in the future to achieve the cure of the disease. Complications of hemophilia are the risk of transfusion-associated infections, pseudotumor hemophilic, hemophilic arthropathy and the presence of serum inhibitors.

  11. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the distal bile duct associated with lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis. Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Martín Malagón, Antonio; López-Tomassetti Fernández, Eudaldo; Arteaga González, Iván; Carrillo Pallarés, Angel; Díaz Luis, Hermogenes

    2006-01-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) or inflammatory pseudotumor has been described in various organs such as the liver, intestinal tract, spleen, kidney, bladder, lung, peritoneum and heart. However, its appearance in the periampullary region is uncommon and has rarely been reported in the literature. It is characterized histologically by myofibroblastic cell proliferation together with a mixed inflammatory infiltrate that clinically and radiologically mimics a malignant tumor. We report a case of IMT located in the distal common bile duct of a 51-year-old woman. She underwent Whipple resection with the initial diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma; the pathologic diagnosis of the tumor was IMT of the distal bile duct associated with lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis. Referring to previously reported cases, suspected diagnosis of a malignant tumor made surgical excision the primary choice for symptom relief and in order to obtain a definitive diagnosis. IMT relationship with lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis is discussed.

  12. Eumycetoma of the foot caused by Exophiala jeanselmei in a Guinean woman.

    PubMed

    Desoubeaux, G; Millon, A; Freychet, B; de Muret, A; Garcia-Hermoso, D; Bailly, E; Rosset, P; Chandenier, J; Bernard, L

    2013-09-01

    Eumycetomas are chronic infectious entities characterized by presence of mycotic grains in (sub-)cutaneous tissues, after accidental inoculation of an exogenous filamentous fungus in the skin. The lesions evolve towards painless pseudotumor of the soft parts. We report the original case of a Guinean woman exhibiting eumycetoma of the right foot. Both laboratory tests identified a dematiaceous fungus, Exophiala jeanselmei, as the responsible infectious agent. A medical treatment with voriconazole alone was sufficient to notice a substantial clinical improvement. This finding is unusual as E. jeanselmei is uncommon in Guinea-Conakry, and as optimal treatment rather associate antifungal azoles and surgical excision. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  13. Gouty os trigonum tarsi: case report.

    PubMed

    Lai, P L; Yang, W E; Chen, W J; Lin, P Y

    1998-12-01

    Os trigonum tarsi is found in 7% of the world adult population. However, it rarely causes symptoms. The majority of patients with os trigonum tarsi are found incidentally. This condition is often found in ballet dancers, javelin throwers and soccer players. It rarely produces symptoms in normally active adults. The etiology of os trigonum syndrome is impingement of an unfused ossicle or a fractured posterior lateral tubercle of talus over the posterior rim of tibial plafond. We present a case of os trigonum syndrome in a young man. His posterior heel pain was due to tophaceous gout around the os trigonum tarsi, instead of the common pathogenesis of repeated hyperflexion of the ankle joint. Pictures of the specimen showed marked giant cell reaction which resulted in pseudotumor formation. We reviewed the clinical characteristics of os trigonum tarsi and gout and present the treatment of our patient.

  14. [Benign pleural pathology of asbestos].

    PubMed

    Chailleux, E; Rembeaux, A; de Lajartre, A Y; Delumeau, J

    1988-01-01

    The most frequent benign lesions of the pleura created by asbestos are fibro-hyaline plaques, i.e. thick areas of collagen located on the parietal pleura and gradually becoming calcified. Less common is benign pleural effusion the cause of which is not always easy to determine. To these must be added an extensive pleural fibrosis with functional repercussions that are not negligible, and round pseudotumoral atelectasias. These pleural asbestos-induced lesions are often observed after a low intensity exposure, but they appear as a rule after more than 20 years of latency. While they betray a previous exposure to asbestos, they also raise the problem of possible asbestos-induced lung cancer and mesothelioma.

  15. A Morphological Approach to the Diagnosis of Protozoal Infections of the Central Nervous System

    PubMed Central

    Chimelli, Leila

    2011-01-01

    Protozoal infections, though endemic to certain regions, can be seen all around the world, because of the increase in travel and migration. In addition, immunosuppression associated with various conditions, particularly with HIV infection, favors the occurrence of more severe manifestations and failure to respond to treatments. The CNS may be the only affected system; when not, it is often the most severely affected. Despite information obtained from clinical, laboratory, and imaging procedures that help to narrow the differential diagnosis of intracranial infections, there are cases that need confirmation with biopsy or autopsy. Predominant presentations are meningoencephalitis (trypanosomiasis), encephalopathy (cerebral malaria), or as single or multiple pseudotumoral enhancing lesions (toxoplasmosis, reactivated Chagas' disease). The immune reconstitution disease, resulting from enhancement of pathogen-specific immune responses after HAART, has altered the typical presentation of toxoplasmosis and microsporidiosis. In this paper, a morphological approach for the diagnosis of protozoal infections affecting the CNS (amoebiasis, cerebral malaria, toxoplasmosis, trypanosomiasis, and microsporidiosis) is presented. PMID:21785681

  16. [Development of the lung cancer diagnostic system].

    PubMed

    Lv, You-Jiang; Yu, Shou-Yi

    2009-07-01

    To develop a lung cancer diagnosis system. A retrospective analysis was conducted in 1883 patients with primary lung cancer or benign pulmonary diseases (pneumonia, tuberculosis, or pneumonia pseudotumor). SPSS11.5 software was used for data processing. For the relevant factors, a non-factor Logistic regression analysis was used followed by establishment of the regression model. Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 system development platform and VB.Net corresponding language were used to develop the lung cancer diagnosis system. The non-factor multi-factor regression model showed a goodness-of-fit (R2) of the model of 0.806, with a diagnostic accuracy for benign lung diseases of 92.8%, a diagnostic accuracy for lung cancer of 89.0%, and an overall accuracy of 90.8%. The model system for early clinical diagnosis of lung cancer has been established.

  17. [Neuromuscular choristoma].

    PubMed

    Vajtai, I; Varga, Z; Hackel, J

    1999-08-01

    Neuromuscular choristomas are malformative pseudotumoral masses composed of striated muscle and peripheral nerves. This rare condition almost exclusively affects large nerve trunks of infants and young children, and may cause neurologic deficits of variable severity. We report a case of neuromuscular choristoma identified in the lumbosacral lipoma of a 4-month-old boy. The lesion was characterized by an organoid association of myogenic and neurogenic elements reminiscent of neuromuscular units. Myosin immunophenotyping revealed disordered groups of type-I and type-II extrafusal myofibers. There was no immunoreactivity for smooth muscle specific alpha actin. Most participating axons were of the large myelinated type. Pathogenetic theories of neuromuscular choristoma involve aberrant migration of developing peripheral nerves, dysgenesis of muscle spindles, as well as mesenchymal differentiation of the primitive neuroectoderm. Neuromuscular choristomas arising in connection with congenital lipomas may derive from a dysembryogenic process of stem cells of the caudal neural tube.

  18. Focal myositis presenting with radial nerve palsy.

    PubMed

    Alzagatiti, B I; Bertorini, T E; Horner, L H; Maccarino, V S; O'Brien, T

    1999-07-01

    Focal myositis is a rare inflammatory pseudotumor of skeletal muscle which usually has a benign course. We report a 56-year-old woman with a painful mass in the left arm with a radial nerve palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the left arm showed a mass in the triceps muscle that was suggestive of a soft-tissue sarcoma. Electromyography showed a severe radial neuropathy involving both motor and sensory axons. An open biopsy showed focal myositis. Treatment with corticosteroids resulted in complete disappearance of the mass clinically and by MRI, without recurrence for more than 2 years. Radial nerve function also recovered completely. As a treatable cause of focal neuropathy, focal myositis should be included in the differential diagnosis of a muscle mass. Copyright 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  19. Single-stage nonintubated uniportal thoracoscopic resection of synchronous bilateral pulmonary nodules after coil labeling

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Miao; Wang, Tao; Zhang, You-Wei; Wu, Wen-Bin; Wang, Heng; Xu, Rong-Hua

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: Preoperative localization of small pulmonary nodules is essential for precise resection, besides, the optimal treatment for pulmonary nodules is controversial and the prognosis without surgery is uncertain. Patient concerns: Herein we present a patient with compromised pulmonary function harboring synchronous triple ground-glass nodules located separately in different pulmonary lobes. Diagnoses: The pathological diagnosis of the nodules were chronic inflammation, inflammatory pseudotumor and atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, respectively. Interventions: The patient underwent single-stage, non-intubated thoracoscopic pulmonary wedge resection after computed tomography-guided coil labeling of the nodules. Outcomes: The postoperative recovery was encouragingly fast without obvious complications. Lessons: Non-intubated thoracoscopic pulmonary wedge resection is feasible for patients with compromised lung function, meanwhile, preoperative coil labeling of small nodules is reliable. PMID:28328859

  20. [Neuroimaging of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in the central nervous system of children].

    PubMed

    De La Hoz Polo, M; Rebollo Polo, M; Fons Estupiña, C; Muchart López, J; Cruz Martinez, O

    2015-01-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease characterized by the accumulation within tissues of anomalous dendritic cells similar to Langerhans cells. The clinical presentation varies, ranging from the appearance of a single bone lesion to multisystemic involvement. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement, manifesting as diabetes insipidus secondary to pituitary involvement, has been known since the original description of the disease. Two types of CNS lesions are currently differentiated. The first, pseudotumoral lesions with infiltration by Langerhans cells, most commonly manifests as pituitary infiltration. The second, described more recently, consists of neurodegenerative lesions of the CNS associated with neurologic deterioration. This second type of lesion constitutes a complication of the disease; however, there is no consensus about the cause of this complication. Our objective was to describe the radiologic manifestations of LCH in the CNS in pediatric patients. Copyright © 2013 SERAM. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  1. Intensity Enhanced Cerenkov Luminescence Imaging Using Terbium-Doped Gd2O2S Microparticles.

    PubMed

    Cao, Xin; Chen, Xueli; Kang, Fei; Zhan, Yonghua; Cao, Xu; Wang, Jing; Liang, Jimin; Tian, Jie

    2015-06-10

    Weak intensity and poor penetration depth are two big obstacles toward clinical use of Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI). In this proof-of-concept study, we overcame these limitations by using lanthanides-based radioluminescent microparticles (RLMPs), called terbium doped Gd2O2S. The characterization experiment showed that the emission excited by Cerenkov luminescence can be neglected whereas the spectrum experiment demonstrated that the RLMPs can actually be excited by γ-rays. A series of in vitro experiments demonstrated that RLMPs significantly improve the intensity and the penetration capacity of CLI, which has been extended to as deep as 15 mm. In vivo pseudotumor study further prove the huge potential of this enhancement strategy for Cerenkov luminescence imaging in living animal studies.

  2. Computed tomography of temporal bone pneumatization. 1. Normal pattern and morphology

    SciTech Connect

    Virapongse, C.; Sarwar, M.; Bhimani, S.; Sasaki, C.; Shapiro, R.

    1985-09-01

    The pneumatization of 141 normal temporal bones on computed tomography (CT) was evaluated in 100 patients. Because of the controversy surrounding the sclerotic squamomastoid (mastoid), temporal bones with this finding were discarded. A CT index of pneumatization was based on the pneumatized area and the number of cells seen within a representative scanning section. Results suggest that squamomastoid pneumatization follows the classic normal distribution and does not correlate with age, gender, or laterality. A high degree of symmetry was found in 41 patients who had both ears examined. Air-cell configuration was variable. Air-cell size tended to increase progressively from the mastoid antrum. The scutum pseudotumor appearance caused by incomplete pneumatization was seen frequently, and should not be mistaken for mastoiditis or an osteoma. Thick sections producing partial-volume effect may also produce this spurious finding. Therefore, when searching for mucosal thickening due to mastoiditis, large air cells should preferably be analyzed.

  3. Knee bone tumors: findings on conventional radiology*

    PubMed Central

    Andrade Neto, Francisco; Teixeira, Manuel Joaquim Diógenes; Araújo, Leonardo Heráclio do Carmo; Ponte, Carlos Eduardo Barbosa

    2016-01-01

    The knee is a common site for bone tumors, whether clinically painful or not. Conventional radiology has been established as the first line of investigation in patients with knee pain and can reveal lesions that often generate questions not only for the generalist physician but also for the radiologist or general orthopedist. History, image examination, and histopathological analysis compose the essential tripod of the diagnosis of bone tumors, and conventional radiology is an essential diagnostic tool in patients with knee pain. This pictorial essay proposes to depict the main conventional radiography findings of the most common bone tumors around the knee, including benign and malignant tumors, as well as pseudo-tumors. PMID:27403019

  4. Neoplastic meningitis as the presentation of occult primitive neuroectodermal tumors.

    PubMed

    Jennings, M T; Slatkin, N; D'Angelo, M; Ketonen, L; Johnson, M D; Rosenblum, M; Creasy, J; Tulipan, N; Walker, R

    1993-10-01

    Seven children and young adults initially presented with subacute meningitis and/or increased intracranial pressure. The diagnosis of neoplastic meningitis secondary to a primitive neuroectodermal neoplasm was delayed by the absence of an obvious primary tumor. The neuroradiologic appearance was that of a basimeningeal infiltrative process, complicated by communicating hydrocephalus or "pseudotumor cerebri." Myelography was important in the diagnosis of disseminated meningeal malignancy in four cases. Cerebrospinal fluid cytologic diagnosis was insensitive but ultimately confirmed in five cases. All seven patients experienced progressive disease despite neuraxis radiotherapy and intensive chemotherapy; six have died. Systemic dissemination to bone and/or peritoneum occurred in three patients while on therapy. In two, a primary parenchymal brain or spinal cord tumor could not be identified at postmortem examination. The presentation of a primitive neuroectodermal tumor as subacute meningitis without an evident primary tumor heralds an aggressive and refractory neoplasm.

  5. Intraosseous epidermoid cyst of the distal phalanx reconstructed with synthetic bone graft.

    PubMed

    Sasaki, Hiromi; Nagano, Satoshi; Shimada, Hirofumi; Nakashima, Takayuki; Yokouchi, Masahiro; Ishidou, Yasuhiro; Setoguchi, Takao; Komiya, Setsuro

    2017-01-01

    Intraosseous epidermoid cysts are exceedingly rare. Known as pseudotumors, not true neoplasms, intraosseous epidermoid cysts usually involve the phalanges, the skull, and the toes. Intraosseous epidermoid cysts typically present as destructive osteolytic lesions on X-ray, mimicking malignant bone tumors. Here, we present two cases of an intraosseous epidermoid cyst in the distal phalanx treated with curettage and synthetic bone graft, followed by a review of the relevant literature. In both cases, the patient presented with a painful enlargement of the fingertip following a minor trauma. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated lesions involving the distal phalanx that had a low signal on T1-weighted imaging (WI) and a high intensity on T2-WI. In both cases, the lesions were not enhanced by gadolinium. Good remodeling and functional recoveries were obtained. For physically active patients with substantial bone defects, synthetic bone graft may be recommended.

  6. The effect of obesity surgery on obesity comorbidity.

    PubMed

    Bouldin, Marshall J; Ross, Leigh Ann; Sumrall, Caryl D; Loustalot, Fleetwood V; Low, Annette K; Land, Kelly K

    2006-04-01

    Obesity is epidemic in the modern world. It is becoming increasingly clear that obesity is a major cause of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and renal disease, as well as a host of other comorbidities. There are at present no generally effective long-term medical therapies for obesity. Surgical therapy for morbid obesity is not only effective in producing long-term weight loss but is also effective in ameliorating or resolving several of the most significant complications of obesity, including diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea, gastroesophageal reflux disease, degenerative joint disease, venous stasis, pseudotumor cerebri, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, urinary incontinence, fertility problems, and others. The degree of benefit and the rates of morbidity and mortality of the various surgical procedures vary according to the procedure.

  7. Tumor formation in Hoffa's infrapatellar fat: Case report☆

    PubMed Central

    Mozella, Alan de Paula; da Silveira Moller, João Victor; de Araújo Barros Cobra, Hugo Alexandre

    2015-01-01

    Although tumors or pseudotumoral lesions are rare in the infrapatellar fat, they may affect it. Osteochondroma is the commonest benign bone tumor. However, extraskeletal presentations are rare. There are three extraskeletal variants of osteochondroma: synovial chondromatosis, para-articular chondroma and soft-tissue chondroma. We present a case of a single intra-articular lesion in the area of Hoffa's fat, in a 78-year-old female patient with a complaint of progressive knee pain associated with severe arthrosis. From the clinical and radiological findings, the diagnosis was para-articular osteochondroma. However, the histopathological findings, after excision of the lesion, showed that this was synovial chondromatosis secondary to osteoarthrosis. PMID:26229902

  8. [CT and MRI of hip arthroplasty].

    PubMed

    Agten, C A; Sutter, R; Pfirrmann, C W A

    2014-07-01

    Metal-induced artifacts impair image quality of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with hip prostheses. Due to new developments in metal artifact reduction both methods can now be used for evaluation of a painful hip prosthesis. Iterative reconstruction algorithms and dual-energy scans are among the newer CT techniques for artifact reduction, while slice-encoding for metal artifact correction (SEMAC) and multi-acquisition variable-resonance image combination (MAVRIC) have introduced substantial improvements for MRI. Loosening of the hip prosthesis, osteolysis from small wear particles and pseudotumors in metal-on-metal prostheses are specific pathologies in patients with total hip arthroplasty. Other causes of painful hip prostheses are infections, fractures, tendinopathies, tendon ruptures, muscle and nerve alterations and heterotopic ossifications.

  9. A CASE OF PROBABLE NEUROSARCOIDOSIS PRESENTING AS UNILATERAL OPHTHALMOPLEGIA.

    PubMed

    Jovićević, Mirjana; Žarkov, Marija; Žikić, Tamara Rabi; Kozić, Duško; Rajić, Sonja; Panić, Dušica Simić

    2015-09-01

    Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown etiology, characterized by the presence of noncaseating epithelioid granulomas and accumulation of T lymphocytes and mononuclear phagocytes, which damages the normal structure of tissues. Isolated form of neurosarcoidosis is very rare and difficult to diagnose and requires histologic confirmation of noncaseating granulomas in the nervous tissue. We report a case of a 55-year-old female who had probable isolated neurosarcoidosis based on magnetic resonance imaging findings of relapsing pachymeningitis with an inflammatory process in the apex of the right orbit and pseudotumor inflammation of the superior and lateral recti of the right eye. Diagnosis was further verified by positive response to dual corticosteroid and immunosuppressive therapy. Our case demonstrates the importance of considering isolated neurosarcoidosis as a potential underlying etiology of painful ophthalmoplegia, even without systemic manifestation of the disease.

  10. Pseudoneoplasms in ectothermic animals.

    PubMed

    Harshbarger, J C

    1984-05-01

    Gross and cytologic similarities between certain non-neoplastic conditions and neoplasms in lower animals including fish, amphibians, and reptiles have invited misinterpretations and contested interpretations. Major categories of pseudo-neoplasms, illustrated by specific examples from material accessioned into the Registry of Tumors in Lower Animals, include infections by foreign organisms which resemble host cells (algal protothecosis and amebic pseudotumors); unusual normal conditions [giant islets of endocrine pancreas (Brockmann bodies) in liver, atypical sites of hematopoietic tissue]; nonparasitic hyperplasia (goiter, ectopic thyroid, erythroblastic proliferation suggestive of pernicious anemia, adenofibrosis); parasite-induced hyperplasia (trematode-induced fibrosis, ciliate-induced monocytic leukocytosis, trematode-induced melanosis, glochidiosis); dysmorphogenesis (teratoid anomalies); virus-induced hypertrophy (lymphocystis); and reactive lesions (metaplasia, regeneration, inflammation).

  11. Correlation of corrosion and biomechanics in the retrieval of a single modular neck total hip arthroplasty design: modular neck total hip arthroplasty system.

    PubMed

    Lanting, Brent A; Teeter, Matthew G; Vasarhelyi, Edward M; Ivanov, Todor G; Howard, James L; Naudie, Douglas D R

    2015-01-01

    Increased modularity of total hip arthroplasty components has occurred, with theoretical advantages and disadvantages. Recent literature indicates the potential for elevated revision rates of modular neck systems and the potential for local pseudotumor and metallosis formation at the modular neck/stem site. Retrieval analysis of one modular neck implant design including SEM (SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY) assessment was done and correlated with FEA (finite element analysis) as well as clinical features of patient demographics, implant and laboratory analysis. Correlation of the consistent corrosion locations to FEA indicates that the material and design features of this system may result in a biomechanical reason for failure. The stem aspect of the modular neck/stem junction may be at particular risk.

  12. Neurological Manifestations in Familial Mediterranean Fever: Results of 22 Children from a Reference Center in Kayseri, an Urban Area in Central Anatolia, Turkey.

    PubMed

    Canpolat, Mehmet; Gumus, Hakan; Gunduz, Zubeyde; Dusunsel, Ruhan; Kumandas, Sefer; Bayram, Ayşe Kaçar; Yel, Sibel; Poyrazoglu, Hatice Gamze; Yilmaz, Kenan; Doganay, Selim; Yikilmaz, Ali; Dundar, Munis; Per, Huseyin

    2017-04-01

    Background Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an inherited inflammatory disorder characterized by attacks of fever with polyserositis. Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate pediatric patients with FMF who had central nervous system (CNS) findings. Materials and Methods Our medical records database for 2003 to 2014 was screened retrospectively. In total, 104 patients with FMF were identified, 22 of whom had undergone neurological examination for CNS symptoms. Results Neurological findings included headache in 16 patients (72.7%), epilepsy in 6 patients (27.3%), pseudotumor cerebri in 2 patients (9.1%), multiple sclerosis in 1 patient (4.5%), and tremor in 1 patient (4.5%). The most common MEFV gene mutation was homozygous M694V (40.9%). Conclusions Patients with FMF can present with various CNS manifestations. Further studies that include large populations are needed to elucidate the neurological manifestations of FMF. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  13. [Mediastinal adenopathy disclosing Castleman's disease. Apropos of a case].

    PubMed

    Dansin, E; Wallaert, B; Tonnel, A B; Gosselin, B; Sault, M C

    1991-01-01

    Castleman's disease or pseudo-tumoral lymphoid hyperplasia is a rare entity. We report a case of Castleman's tumour in the antero-superior mediastinum which was revealed by a radiological examination in a young woman of 26. We also report immunohistochemical studies. There are two clinical presentations of Castleman's disease; a localised form (mediastinal or extrathoracic) and the multicentric variety. The localised form may be asymptomatic or can be accompanied by general features of inflammatory disease. Surgical excision of these localised forms both confirms the diagnosis and assures a cure. The multicentric variety has various clinical peculiarities (the patients are older and/or immunosuppressed and suffering from multiple enlarged glands also in the viscera) and the disease in above all progressive. There are associations with Kaposi sarcoma and lymphoproliferative complications are described in this multicentric form and their prognosis remains poor.

  14. Obesity: genetic, molecular, and environmental aspects.

    PubMed

    Barness, Lewis A; Opitz, John M; Gilbert-Barness, Enid

    2007-12-15

    Obesity has emerged as one of the most serious public health concerns in the 21st century. Obese children tend to become obese adults. The dramatic rise in pediatric obesity closely parallels the rapid increase in the prevalence of adult obesity. As overweight children become adults they face the multitude of health problems associated with obesity at younger ages. The morbidity and mortality associated with obesity continue to increase. Obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable death. Complications of obesity include cardiovascular risks, hypertension, dyslipidemia, endothelial dysfunction, type 2 diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance, acanthosis nigricans, hepatic steatosis, premature puberty, hypogonadism and polycystic ovary syndrome, obstructive sleep disorder, orthopedic complications, cholelithiasis and pseudotumor cerebri. Genetic and molecular and environmental factors play an important role in the assessment and management of obesity.

  15. Clinical utility of curcumin extract.

    PubMed

    Asher, Gary N; Spelman, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    Turmeric root has been used medicinally in China and India for thousands of years. The active components are thought to be the curcuminoids, primarily curcumin, which is commonly available worldwide as a standardized extract. This article reviews the pharmacology of curcuminoids, their use and efficacy, potential adverse effects, and dosage and standardization. Preclinical studies point to mechanisms of action that are predominantly anti-inflammatory and antineoplastic, while early human clinical trials suggest beneficial effects for dyspepsia, peptic ulcer, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, uveitis, orbital pseudotumor, and pancreatic cancer. Curcumin is well-tolerated; the most common side effects are nausea and diarrhea. Theoretical interactions exist due to purported effects on metabolic enzymes and transport proteins, but clinical reports do not support any meaningful interactions. Nonetheless, caution, especially with chemotherapy agents, is advised. Late-phase clinical trials are still needed to confirm most beneficial effects.

  16. Groin pain after metal-on-metal hip resurfacing prosthesis

    PubMed Central

    Delgado-Sevillano, Ramon; de la Flor-García, Maria Rodríguez

    2014-01-01

    Total hip replacement continues to be a widely successful operation, but persistent groin pain following a metal-on-metal hip resurfacing remains a problem for some patients. The concern regarding the safety and efficacy of metal-on-metal total hip replacements has been rising. We present the case of a 47-year-old man with groin pain after metal-on-metal hip resurfacing. We observed high metal ion levels detected in blood analytical studies and a pseudotumor in magnetic resonance imaging. Our patient was treated with a revision surgery. The progressive elevation of blood and urine metal levels in the presence of periarticular cysts and/or groin pain is a complication of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty and needs revision surgery. PMID:27489648

  17. Zika Virus Meningoencephalitis in an Immunocompromised Patient.

    PubMed

    Schwartzmann, Pedro V; Ramalho, Leandra N Z; Neder, Luciano; Vilar, Fernando C; Ayub-Ferreira, Sílvia M; Romeiro, Marília F; Takayanagui, Osvaldo M; Dos Santos, Antonio C; Schmidt, André; Figueiredo, Luiz T M; Arena, Ross; Simões, Marcus V

    2017-03-01

    The World Health Organization considers the Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the Americas a global public health emergency. The neurologic complications due to ZIKV infection comprise microcephaly, meningoencephalitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. We describe a fatal case of an adult patient receiving an immunosuppressive regimen following heart transplant. The patient was admitted with acute neurologic impairment and experienced progressive hemodynamic instability and mental deterioration that finally culminated in death. At autopsy, a pseudotumoral form of ZIKV meningoencephalitis was confirmed. Zika virus infection was documented by reverse trancriptase-polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence and electron microscopy of the brain parenchyma and cerebral spinal fluid. The sequencing of the viral genome in this patient confirmed a Brazilian ZIKV strain. In this case, central nervous system involvement and ZIKV propagation to other organs in a disseminated pattern is quite similar to that observed in other fatal Flaviviridae viral infections.

  18. Corrosion of the Head-Stem Taper Junction-Are We on the Verge of an Epidemic?: Review Article.

    PubMed

    Morlock, Michael; Bünte, Dennis; Gührs, Julian; Bishop, Nicholas

    2017-02-01

    The modular head taper junction has contributed to the success of total hip arthroplasty (THA) greatly. Taper corrosion and wear problems reported for large and extra-large metal-on-metal bearings as well as for bi-modular THA stems have cast doubt on the benefit of the taper interface. Presently, corrosion problems are being reported for nearly all kinds of artificial hip joints incorporating metal heads, questioning taper connections in general. This study aimed to review the mechanical and electrochemical relationships that may lead to taper corrosion, which have been reported more commonly in recent literature, and to also review the contribution of patient characteristics and surgical techniques involved in taper assembly that may contribute to the problem. The search criteria "(corrosion) AND (hip arthroplasty) AND (taper OR trunnion)" and "(hip arthroplasty) AND ((pseudotumor) OR (pseudo-tumor))" in PubMed and the JAAOS were used for the literature search. In addition, the arthroplasty registers were considered. Most studies acknowledge the multifactorial nature of the problem but concentrate their analysis on taper and implant design aspects, since this is the only factor that can be easily quantified. The sometimes conflicting results in the literature could be due to the fact that the other two decisive factors are not sufficiently considered: the loading situation in the patient and the assembly situation by the surgeon. All three factors together determine the fate of a taper junction in THA. There is no single reason as a main cause for taper corrosion. The combined "outcome" of these three factors has to be in a "safe range" to achieve a successful long-term taper fixation. No, this is not the beginning of an epidemic. It is rather the consequence of disregarding known mechanical and electrochemical relationships, which in combination have recently caused a more frequent occurrence-and mainly reporting-of corrosion issues.

  19. Selected neurologic complications of pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Fox, M W; Harms, R W; Davis, D H

    1990-12-01

    Many neurologic disorders, such as eclampsia, pseudotumor cerebri, stroke, obstetric nerve palsies, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pituitary tumors, and choriocarcinoma, can develop in the pregnant patient. Maternal mortality from eclampsia, which ranges from 0 to 14%, can be due to intracerebral hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, disseminated intravascular coagulation, abruptio placentae, or failure of the liver or kidneys. Associated fetal mortality ranges from 10 to 28% and is directly related to decreased placental perfusion. Pseudotumor cerebri can be associated with serious visual complications; thus, the therapeutic goal is to prevent loss of vision. The risk of stroke in the pregnant patient is 13 times the risk in the nonpregnant patient of the same age. The major causes of stroke in pregnant patients are arterial occlusion and cerebral venous thrombosis. Lumbar disk prolapse is common in pregnant patients, and lumbosacral plexus injuries can occur during labor or delivery. In addition, peripheral nerve compression or entrapment syndromes are thought to be caused by the retention of fluid during pregnancy. The incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage during pregnancy is 1 in every 10,000 patients, a rate 5 times higher than in nonpregnant women. Because of a proliferation of prolactin-secreting cells, the pituitary gland can enlarge dramatically during pregnancy, a change that can disclose a previously unknown tumor or cause a known pituitary tumor to become symptomatic. The incidence of choriocarcinoma is 1 in 50,000 full-term pregnancies but 1 in 30 molar pregnancies. This malignant tumor has a high rate of cerebral metastatic lesions. In addition to these disorders that develop during pregnancy, the pregnant state can affect numerous preexisting neurologic conditions, including epilepsy, headaches, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, spinal cord injury, and brain tumors. We discuss advice for patients with such conditions who wish to become pregnant, recommendations

  20. The Cerebral Surfactant System and Its Alteration in Hydrocephalic Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Friedrich, Benjamin; Bernhard, Matthias K.; Gebauer, Corinna; Dieckow, Julia; Gawlitza, Matthias; Pirlich, Mandy; Saur, Dorothee; Bräuer, Lars; Bechmann, Ingo; Hoffmann, Karl-Titus; Mahr, Cynthia V.; Nestler, Ulf; Preuß, Matthias

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Pulmonary Surfactant reduces surface tension in the terminal airways thus facilitating breathing and contributes to host’s innate immunity. Surfactant Proteins (SP) A, B, C and D were recently identified as inherent proteins of the CNS. Aim of the study was to investigate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) SP levels in hydrocephalus patients compared to normal subjects. Patients and Methods CSF SP A-D levels were quantified using commercially available ELISA kits in 126 patients (0–84 years, mean 39 years). 60 patients without CNS pathologies served as a control group. Hydrocephalus patients were separated in aqueductal stenosis (AQS, n = 24), acute hydrocephalus without aqueductal stenosis (acute HC w/o AQS, n = 16) and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH, n = 20). Furthermore, six patients with pseudotumor cerebri were investigated. Results SP A—D are present under physiological conditions in human CSF. SP-A is elevated in diseases accompanied by ventricular enlargement (AQS, acute HC w/o AQS) in a significant manner (0.67, 1.21 vs 0.38 ng/ml in control, p<0.001). SP-C is also elevated in hydrocephalic conditions (AQS, acute HC w/o AQS; 0.87, 1.71 vs. 0.48 ng/ml in controls, p<0.001) and in Pseudotumor cerebri (1.26 vs. 0.48 ng/ml in controls, p<0.01). SP-B and SP-D did not show significant alterations. Conclusion The present study confirms the presence of SPs in human CSF. There are significant changes of SP-A and SP-C levels in diseases affecting brain water circulation and elevation of intracranial pressure. Cause of the alterations, underlying regulatory mechanisms, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic consequences of cerebral SP’s requires further thorough investigations. PMID:27656877

  1. CSF neopterin level as a diagnostic marker in primary central nervous system lymphoma

    PubMed Central

    Viaccoz, Aurélien; Ducray, François; Tholance, Yannick; Barcelos, Gleicy Keli; Thomas-Maisonneuve, Laure; Ghesquières, Hervé; Meyronet, David; Quadrio, Isabelle; Cartalat-Carel, Stéphanie; Louis-Tisserand, Guy; Jouanneau, Emmanuel; Guyotat, Jacques; Honnorat, Jérôme; Perret-Liaudet, Armand

    2015-01-01

    Background The diagnosis of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) can be challenging. PCNSL lesions are frequently located deep within the brain, and performing a cerebral biopsy is not always feasible. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of CSF neopterin, a marker of neuroinflammation, in immunocompetent patients with suspected PCNSL. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the characteristics of 124 patients with brain tumor (n = 82) or an inflammatory CNS disorder (n = 42) in whom CSF neopterin levels were assessed. Twenty-eight patients had PCNSL, 54 patients had another type of brain tumor (glioma n = 36, metastasis n = 13, other n = 5), and 13 patients had a pseudotumoral inflammatory brain lesion. Results CSF neopterin levels were significantly higher in the patients with PCNSL than in those with other brain tumors (41.8 vs 5.1 nmol/L, P < .001), those with pseudotumoral inflammatory brain lesions (41.8 vs 4.3 nmol/L, P < .001), and those with nontumefactive inflammatory CNS disorders (41.8 vs 3.8 nmol/L, P < .001). In the 95 patients with space-occupying brain lesions, at a cutoff of 10 nmol/L, the sensitivity of this approach was 96% and the specificity was 93% for the diagnosis of PCNSL. The positive and negative predictive values were 84% and 98%, respectively. Conclusion Assessing CSF neopterin levels in patients with a suspected brain tumor might be helpful for the positive and differential diagnosis of PCNSL. A prospective study is warranted to confirm these results. PMID:26014047

  2. CSF neopterin level as a diagnostic marker in primary central nervous system lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Viaccoz, Aurélien; Ducray, François; Tholance, Yannick; Barcelos, Gleicy Keli; Thomas-Maisonneuve, Laure; Ghesquières, Hervé; Meyronet, David; Quadrio, Isabelle; Cartalat-Carel, Stéphanie; Louis-Tisserand, Guy; Jouanneau, Emmanuel; Guyotat, Jacques; Honnorat, Jérôme; Perret-Liaudet, Armand

    2015-11-01

    The diagnosis of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) can be challenging. PCNSL lesions are frequently located deep within the brain, and performing a cerebral biopsy is not always feasible. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of CSF neopterin, a marker of neuroinflammation, in immunocompetent patients with suspected PCNSL. We retrospectively reviewed the characteristics of 124 patients with brain tumor (n = 82) or an inflammatory CNS disorder (n = 42) in whom CSF neopterin levels were assessed. Twenty-eight patients had PCNSL, 54 patients had another type of brain tumor (glioma n = 36, metastasis n = 13, other n = 5), and 13 patients had a pseudotumoral inflammatory brain lesion. CSF neopterin levels were significantly higher in the patients with PCNSL than in those with other brain tumors (41.8 vs 5.1 nmol/L, P < .001), those with pseudotumoral inflammatory brain lesions (41.8 vs 4.3 nmol/L, P < .001), and those with nontumefactive inflammatory CNS disorders (41.8 vs 3.8 nmol/L, P < .001). In the 95 patients with space-occupying brain lesions, at a cutoff of 10 nmol/L, the sensitivity of this approach was 96% and the specificity was 93% for the diagnosis of PCNSL. The positive and negative predictive values were 84% and 98%, respectively. Assessing CSF neopterin levels in patients with a suspected brain tumor might be helpful for the positive and differential diagnosis of PCNSL. A prospective study is warranted to confirm these results. © The Author(s) 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Neuro-Oncology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. Elevation of circulating HLA DR+ CD8+ T-cells and correlation with chromium and cobalt concentrations 6 years after metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background and purpose Following metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty (THA), immunological reactions including changes in lymphocyte populations, aseptic loosening, and lymphocytic pseudotumors occur. We hypothesized that changes in lymphocyte subpopulations would be associated with elevated metal ion concentrations. Methods A randomized trial involving 85 patients matched for age and sex and randomized to receiving metal-on-metal (n = 41) or metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (n = 44) was conducted. 36 patients were eligible for follow-up after mean 7 (6–8) years. Concentrations of chromium and cobalt were analyzed by high-resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Leukocyte subpopulations and immunoglobulins in patient blood were measured using standard laboratory methods. Results Patients with a metal-on-metal hip had higher serum concentrations of chromium (1.05 vs. 0.36 μg/L; p < 0.001) and cobalt (0.86 vs. 0.24 μg/L; p < 0.001) than those with metal-on-polyethylene. The percentage of HLA DR+ CD8+ T-cells was higher in the metal-on-metal group (10.6 vs. 6.7%; p = 0.03) and correlated positively with chromium and cobalt concentrations in patient blood (Pearson's correlation coefficient: 0.39, p = 0.02; 0.36, p = 0.03, respectively). The percentage of B-cells was lower in the metal-on-metal group (p = 0.01). The two groups were similar with respect to immunoglobulin concentrations and Harris hip scores, and there were no radiographic signs of loosening. Interpretation We conclude that immunological alterations appear to be associated with increased cobalt and chromium concentrations. It is tempting to speculate that HLA DR+ CD8+ T-cells are involved in the pathogenesis of allergic reactions, implant loosening, and lymphocytic pseudotumors. PMID:21189110

  4. Cannon Ball Diagnosis and Management in a Flight Attendant Candidate.

    PubMed

    Zerrik, Meryem; Echchachoui, Houda; Iloughmane, Zakaria; El'mhadi, Choukri; Elkhader, Salaheddine; Benaissa, Laila; Chemsi, Mohamed

    2017-10-01

    ''Cannon ball'' opacities on chest X-rays are a common manifestation of hematogenous dissemination of a malignant tumor in the lungs. They indicate an advanced stage of disease with a very grim prognosis in terms of cure and survival. In aerospace medicine, this aspect means the patient is unfit for flight duties. Nonmetastatic etiologies of pulmonary nodules are rare. We report a case of cannon ball opacities discovered fortuitously during an admission visit. A 23-yr-old flight attendant candidate came to the Aeromedical Expertise Center of the Military Hospital in Rabat for medical evaluation. He had no previous medical comorbidities and was asymptomatic. The physical examination was unremarkable. Chest X-ray revealed multiple poorly defined pulmonary nodular opacities, without mediastinal widening. After excluding other possibilities, such as infection or malignancy, the diagnosis of a pseudotumoral form of thoracic sarcoidosis was established by clinical and radiological findings, supported by histopathologic analysis. The pseudotumoral form of sarcoidosis is rare. It is usually seen in young people who are asymptomatic. Chest X-ray shows bilateral nodular opacities of different sizes. CT scan shows snowballs, which may or may not manifest with air bronchogram or mediastinal lymph nodes. Laboratory investigations are nonspecific. Pulmonary functions are normal or may show a restrictive pattern. Evolution is spontaneously favorable and does not require any treatment in asymptomatic patients. Aeromedical fitness in sarcoidosis disease depends on several conditions. This observation affirms the benefit of routine chest X-ray during medical evaulations to detect possible entities that may endanger flight safety.Zerrik M, Echchachoui H, Iloughmane Z, El'mhadi C, Elkhader S, Benaissa L, Chemsi M. Cannon ball diagnosis and management in a flight attendant candidate. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(10):958-961.

  5. Uncommon liver tumors

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Chia-Hung; Chiu, Nai-Chi; Yeh, Yi-Chen; Kuo, Yu; Yu, Sz-Shian; Weng, Ching-Yao; Liu, Chien-An; Chou, Yi-Hong; Chiou, Yi-You

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Beside hepatocellular carcinoma, metastasis, and cholangiocarcinoma, the imaging findings of other relatively uncommon hepatic lesions are less discussed in the literature. Imaging diagnosis of these lesions is a daily challenge. In this article, we review the imaging characteristics of these neoplasms. Methods: From January 2003 to December 2014, 4746 patients underwent liver biopsy or hepatic surgical resection in our hospital. We reviewed the pathological database retrospectively. Imaging of these lesions was reviewed. Results: Imaging findings of uncommon hepatic lesions vary. We discuss the typical imaging characteristics with literature review. Clinical and pathological correlations are also described. Primary hepatic lymphoma consists only of 1% of the extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and is defined as the one involving only the liver and perihepatic lymph nodes within 6 months after diagnosis. Combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) shares some overlapping imaging characteristics with both HCC and cholangiocarcinoma because of being an admixture of them. Angiosarcoma is the most common hepatic mesenchymal tumor and is hypervascular in nature. Inflammatory pseudotumor is often heterogeneous on ultrasonography and with enhanced septations and rims in the portovenous phase after contrast medium. Angiomyolipoma (AML) typically presents with macroscopic fat components with low signal on fat-saturated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and presence of drainage vessels. Intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) is thought of as a counterpart to the pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. Most of the IPNBs secrete mucin and cause disproportional dilatation of the bile ducts. Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) contains proteinaceous and colloidal components without ductal communication and characterizes with hyperintensity on T1-weighted imaging. Other extremely rare lesions, including epithelioid

  6. Structural and Topographic Dynamics of Pulmonary Histopathology and Local Cytokine Profiles in Paracoccidioides brasiliensis Conidia-Infected Mice

    PubMed Central

    Cruz, Oswaldo G.; Restrepo, Angela; Cano, Luz Elena; Lenzi, Henrique Leonel

    2011-01-01

    Background Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), an endemic systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb), usually results in severe lung damage in patients. Methods and Findings Considering the difficulties to sequentially study the infection in humans, this work was done in mice inoculated intranasally with infective Pb-conidia. Lungs of control and Pb-infected mice were studied after 2-hours, 4, 8, 12 and 16-weeks post-infection (p.i) in order to define histopathologic patterns of pulmonary lesions, multiplex-cytokine profiles and their dynamics during the course of this mycosis. Besides the nodular/granulomatous lesions previously informed, results revealed additional non-formerly described lung abnormalities, such as periarterial sheath inflammation and pseudotumoral masses. The following chronologic stages occurring during the course of the experimental infection were defined: Stage one (2-hours p.i): mild septal infiltration composed by neutrophils and macrophages accompanied by an intense “cytokine burst” represented by significant increases in IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL12p70, IL-13, IL-17, Eotaxin, G-CSF, MCP1, MIP1α, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, MIP1β and TNFα levels. Stage two (4-weeks p.i): presence of nodules, evidence of incipient periarterial- and intense but disperse parenchymal- inflammation, abnormalities that continued to be accompanied by hyper-secretion of those cytokines and chemokines mentioned in the first stage of infection. Stages three and four (8 and 12-weeks p.i.): fungal proliferation, inflammation and collagenesis reached their highest intensity with particular involvement of the periarterial space. Paradoxically, lung cytokines and chemokines were down-regulated with significant decreases in IL-2,IL-3,IL-5,IL-9,IL-13,IL-15,GM-CSF,IFN-γ,MIP1β and TNFα. Stage five (16-weeks p.i.): inflammation decreased becoming limited to the pseudotumoral masses and was accompanied by a “silent” cytokine response

  7. Robust augmented reality registration method for localization of solid organs' tumors using CT-derived virtual biomechanical model and fluorescent fiducials.

    PubMed

    Kong, Seong-Ho; Haouchine, Nazim; Soares, Renato; Klymchenko, Andrey; Andreiuk, Bohdan; Marques, Bruno; Shabat, Galyna; Piechaud, Thierry; Diana, Michele; Cotin, Stéphane; Marescaux, Jacques

    2017-07-01

    Augmented reality (AR) is the fusion of computer-generated and real-time images. AR can be used in surgery as a navigation tool, by creating a patient-specific virtual model through 3D software manipulation of DICOM imaging (e.g., CT scan). The virtual model can be superimposed to real-time images enabling transparency visualization of internal anatomy and accurate localization of tumors. However, the 3D model is rigid and does not take into account inner structures' deformations. We present a concept of automated AR registration, while the organs undergo deformation during surgical manipulation, based on finite element modeling (FEM) coupled with optical imaging of fluorescent surface fiducials. Two 10 × 1 mm wires (pseudo-tumors) and six 10 × 0.9 mm fluorescent fiducials were placed in ex vivo porcine kidneys (n = 10). Biomechanical FEM-based models were generated from CT scan. Kidneys were deformed and the shape changes were identified by tracking the fiducials, using a near-infrared optical system. The changes were registered automatically with the virtual model, which was deformed accordingly. Accuracy of prediction of pseudo-tumors' location was evaluated with a CT scan in the deformed status (ground truth). In vivo: fluorescent fiducials were inserted under ultrasound guidance in the kidney of one pig, followed by a CT scan. The FEM-based virtual model was superimposed on laparoscopic images by automatic registration of the fiducials. Biomechanical models were successfully generated and accurately superimposed on optical images. The mean measured distance between the estimated tumor by biomechanical propagation and the scanned tumor (ground truth) was 0.84 ± 0.42 mm. All fiducials were successfully placed in in vivo kidney and well visualized in near-infrared mode enabling accurate automatic registration of the virtual model on the laparoscopic images. Our preliminary experiments showed the potential of a biomechanical model with fluorescent

  8. [Clinicopathologic study of intraabdominal extranodal follicular dendritic cell sarcoma].

    PubMed

    Tu, Xiao-yu; Sheng, Wei-qi; Lu, Hong-fen; Wang, Jian

    2007-10-01

    To study the clinicopathologic features and immunophenotype of intraabdominal extranodal follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) and the relationship with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The clinical and histologic features of 4 cases of FDCS were evaluated. Immunohistochemical study was performed using standard EnVision method for CD21, CD23, CD35, S-100 protein, CD68, HLA-DR, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen, desmin, CD34 and CD117. In-situ hybridization for EBV-encoded RNA (EBER) was carried out in 2 cases. The age of patients ranged from 28 to 63 years (mean=42 years). The male-to-female ratio was 3:1. The clinical presentation was abdominal discomfort, pain or mass. Radiologic examination revealed concurrent lesions in stomach and left lobe of liver in 1 patient, while non-specific intraabdominal masses were detected in the remaining cases (in which the tumor was later found to be located in the appendix, mesentery of jejunum and omentum). Two cases were misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumor before operation. Grossly, the tumors appeared as large solid nodules, with a mean diameter of 10.8 cm. Three of the cases showed areas of necrosis. Histologically, there were plump spindle, ovoid to epithelioid cells associated with scattered multinucleated giant cells. The tumor cells were arranged mostly in storiform pattern, whorls, fascicles or solid sheets. Lymphocytic infiltrates with perivascular cuffing were noted in all cases, resulting in a distinctive biphasic pattern. Two tumors showed significant cytologic atypia, with mitotic figures (including atypical mitotic figures) readily demonstrated. The remaining case (occurring in liver) was composed of scattered large atypical cells embedded in a dense inflammatory background, mimicking inflammatory pseudotumor. Immunohistochemical study showed that all cases were positive for CD21, CD23 and vimentin. There was focal expression of CD35, S-100 protein, CD68, HLA-DR and epithelial membrane antigen. The

  9. Pulmonary Abnormalities in Mice with Paracoccidioidomycosis: A Sequential Study Comparing High Resolution Computed Tomography and Pathologic Findings

    PubMed Central

    Hidalgo, José Miguel; de Oliveira Pascarelli, Bernardo Miguel; Patiño, Jairo Hernando; Lenzi, Henrique Leonel; Restrepo, Angela; Cano, Luz Elena

    2010-01-01

    Background Human paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is an endemic fungal disease of pulmonary origin. Follow-up of pulmonary lesions by image studies in an experimental model of PCM has not been previously attempted. This study focuses on defining patterns, topography and intensity of lung lesions in experimentally infected PCM mice by means of a comparative analysis between High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) and histopathologic parameters. Methodology Male BALB/c mice were intranasally inoculated with 3×106 Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb) conidia (n = 50) or PBS (n = 50). HRCT was done every four weeks to determine pulmonary lesions, quantify lung density, reconstruct and quantify lung air structure. Lungs were also analyzed by histopathology and histomorphometry. Results Three different patterns of lesions were evidenced by HRCT and histopathology, as follows: nodular-diffuse, confluent and pseudo-tumoral. The lesions were mainly located around the hilus and affected more frequently the left lung. At the 4th week post-challenge HRCT showed that 80% of the Pb-infected mice had peri-bronchial consolidations associated with a significant increase in upper lung density when compared with controls, (−263±25 vs. −422±10 HU, p<0.001). After the 8th and 12th weeks, consolidation had progressed involving also the middle regions. Histopathology revealed that consolidation as assessed by HRCT was equivalent histologically to a confluent granulomatous reaction, while nodules corresponded to individual compact granulomas. At the 16th week of infection, confluent granulomas formed pseudotumoral masses that obstructed large bronchi. Discrete focal fibrosis was visible gradually around granulomas, but this finding was only evident by histopathology. Conclusions/Significance This study demonstrated that conventional HRCT is a useful tool for evaluation and quantification of pulmonary damage occurring in experimental mouse PCM. The experimental design used

  10. Multilevel brown tumors of the spine in a patient with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Salamone, Daniela; Muresan, Simona; Muresan, Mircea; Neagoe, Radu

    2016-03-31

    Il tumore bruno è una forma estrema dell’osteite fibroso- cistica, che rappresenta una complicazione grave della forma avanzata di iperparatitroidismo primitivo o secondario. Può indorgere nel caso che si sviluppino elevati livelli di paratormone, come si verifica nell’iperparatiroidismo primitivo e secondario con una frequenza rispettivamente del 3-4% e del 1,5-13% , e colpisce per lo più l’età giovanile. Gli Autori presentano il caso di una donna di 45 anni in trattamento dialitico da molto tempo, che presentava un iperparatiroidismo grave. I principali sintomi clinici erano rappresentati da dolori cervicali, dolori al tratto toraco-lombare dorsale, e debolezza ad entrambi gli arti inferiori. La TC ha messo in evidenza la presenza di tumori bruni a livello delle vertebre cervicali, toraciche e lombari. Dopo un parziale successo al trattamento per due anni con Cinacalcet si è verificato un deterioramento dell’iperparatiroidismo secondario (ipercalcemia ed iperfosfatemia) ed è stata indicata ed eseguita la paratidoidectomia con autotrapianto, cui ha fatto seguito un risultato postoperatorio positivo. In conclusione l’iperparatiroidismo secondario può comportare lo sviluppo di lesioni osteolitiche ossee indicate come “tumori bruni”. Se il trattamento medico fallisce, l’unico rimedio alla progressione della patologia è rappresentato dalla paratiroidectomia con autotrapianto. Dopo revisione della abbondante letteratura in lingua Inglese (fino a marzo 2015) si rilevano 24 casi di tumori bruni sintomatici a livello vertebrale. A conoscenza degli Autori questo è il primo caso che descrive una diffusione vertebrale a più livelli, ed il primo che segnala una localizzazione al tratto vertebrale cervicale.

  11. [A case of mediastinum actinomycosis by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans].

    PubMed

    Razafimanjato, N N M; Portela, A M; Radu, D M; Guiraudet, P; Destable, M D; Seguin, A; Martinod, E

    2016-12-01

    The actinomycosis is a suppurative infection due to an anaerobic and microaerophillic bacteria called actinomyces. Only few case reports are described for the mediastinal locations of this rare entity. We report a new case of inflammatory pseudotumor in the mediastinum due to Aggregatibacte actinomycetemcomitans revealed by hemoptysis. The mediastinoscopy procedure with biopsy was needed to confirm the definitive bacteriological diagnosis by a positive culture. During the postoperative course, a cutaneous fistula was found which had a favourable evolution after appropriate antibiotherapy. Through this case report, the authors insist upon the importance of considering the diagnosis of mediastinal actinomycosis when facing non-specfic mediastinal mass symptoms and also about the interest of systematic bacterioscopic examination and histopathologic examination on nodes' biopsies to avoid to be lost on pathology of mediastinal tumor or tuberculosis. In practise, we caution the non-expert during biopsies because of this lesion's invasive characteristic especially in the confined space of the mediastinum. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. IgG4-related disease manifesting as an acute gastric-pericardial fistula.

    PubMed

    Frydman, James; Grunner, Shahar; Kluger, Yoram

    2014-11-28

    IgG4-related disease is a recently recognized entity linked initially to autoimmune pancreatitis and has been subsequently described in nearly every organ system. Men over the age of 50 represent the most affected demographic group and a comprehensive set of diagnostic criteria has been developed to aid treating clinicians. Though elevated levels of IgG4 in the serum are suggestive of the disease, definitive diagnosis is made on histopathology. Treatment is tailored to the clinical presentation with corticosteroid therapy known to have proven efficacy. Gastric manifestations of the IgG4-related disease primarily come in two varieties, notably chronic ulceration or pseudotumor formation. Autoimmune pancreatitis conveys increased risk for IgG4-related disease of the stomach, which is independent of Helicobacter pylori status. In this case report, we present an acute gastric-pericardial fistula secondary to IgG4-related disease that required urgent operative management. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the medical literature describing this complication of IgG4-related disease.

  13. IgG4-related lung disease: a case series of 6 patients and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Keenan, Joseph C; Miller, Elizabeth; Jessurun, Jose; Allen, Tadashi; Kim, Hyun Joo

    2016-01-18

    IgG4 related disease has been recently proposed as a unifying term for a group of inflammatory conditions previously referred to by a plethora of other names. The common denominator for these entities is the histopathologic finding of lymphocytic infiltrates rich in IgG4 producing plasma cells, often accompanied by storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis. Many medical conditions have been attributed to IgG4-related disease,but few reports of IgG4-related lung disease have been published, and it remains a rare condition about which little is known. In this report, we describe the clinical and pathologic features of six patients with IgG4-related disease of the lung. Patients were followed 1-5 years following their diagnosis. We describe unique features of IgG4-related lung disease, including one patient who presented with alveolar hemorrhage and a positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody and two patients whose disease improved after treatment with mycophenylate mofetil. Two patients presented with pulmonary pseudotumor. We conclude that the clinical presentation of IgG4-related lung disease varies widely, and histopathology remains the key to diagnosis.

  14. [Cytomegalovirus-induced colitis in HIV infection. Considerations on its diagnosis, treatment and complications].

    PubMed

    Sousa, A E; Lucas, M; Palhano, M J; de Deus, J; Damião, J; Victorino, R M

    1995-04-01

    The diagnosis of cytomegalovirus intestinal disease in patients with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection frequently raises diagnostic problems in view of the absence of definite pathological, serological or virological markers of active CMV infection. We describe the case of a 47-year-old man with a CMV colitis which illustrates several diagnostic and therapeutic problems and that was complicated by an intestinal perforation. We emphasize that in HIV+ patients with chronic diarrhea, the presence of abdominal pain should suggest the possibility of a CMV colitis and that in such cases a colonoscopy with biopsies of the right colon should be performed, in view of the higher frequency of the typical histopathological changes at this level. On the other hand, this case presented a marked thickening of the colon wall, simulating pseudotumoral images on CAT scans, as recently described in literature. The therapeutic possibilities as well as the complications of CMV colitis are discussed in the context of the occurrence of an ileal perforation, which represents the first report of this complication in Portuguese literature and which had the particularity of having a long survival after surgery in comparison with the previous cases described in international literature.

  15. Delayed Presentation of Sciatic Nerve Injury after Total Hip Arthroplasty: Neurosurgical Considerations, Diagnosis, and Management

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Linda W.; Veeravagu, Anand; Azad, Tej D.; Harraher, Ciara; Ratliff, John K.

    2016-01-01

    Background  Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an established treatment for end-stage arthritis, congenital deformity, and trauma with good long-term clinical and functional outcomes. Delayed sciatic nerve injury is a rare complication after THA that requires prompt diagnosis and management. Methods  We present a case of sciatic nerve motor and sensory deficit in a 52-year-old patient 2 years after index left THA. Electromyography (EMG) results and imaging with radiographs and CT of the affected hip demonstrated an aberrant acetabular cup screw in the posterior-inferior quadrant adjacent to the sciatic nerve. Case Description  The patient underwent surgical exploration that revealed injury to the peroneal division of the sciatic nerve due to direct injury from screw impingement. A literature review identified 11 patients with late-onset neuropathy after THA. Ten patients underwent surgical exploration and pain often resolved after surgery with 56% of patients recovering sensory function and 25% experiencing full recovery of motor function. Conclusions  Delayed neuropathy of the sciatic nerve is a rare complication after THA that is most often due to hardware irritation, component failure, or wear-related pseudotumor formation. Operative intervention is often pursued to explore and directly visualize the nerve with limited results in the literature showing modest relief of pain and sensory symptoms and poor restoration of motor function. PMID:27602309

  16. Peno-scrotal limphedema with giant hydrocele - surgical treatment particularities

    PubMed Central

    Mischianu, Dan; Florescu, Ioan; Madan, Victor; Iatagan, Cristian; Bratu, Ovidiu; Oporan, Anca; Giublea, C

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: The necessity for complex and multidisciplinary approach of “border” surgical pathology has unanimously been agreed upon for such a long period of time, its advantages becoming even more obvious in rare, particular cases. Patients and methods: We report the case of a 39 year-old man diagnosed with lymphangiomatosis back in his childhood. He is admitted with a giant pseudotumoral scrotal mass presenting an important scrotal enlargement (40/35 cm). Physical examination, blood tests, ultrasound, IVP, abdominal and chest CT, psychiatric and plastic surgery evaluation established the diagnosis: peno-scrotal lymphedema with gigantic hydrocele and depressive disorder. Taking into account the important enlargement of the scrotum associated with the alteration of the local skin, we decided to form a mixed surgical team: urology - plastic and reconstructive surgery. We performed bilateral surgical therapy of hydrocele with partial excision and eversion of sac edges, excision of peno-scrotal skin and subcutaneous tissue surplus. At the end we made a reconstruction by using a partial-thickness graft from the normal skin of the left thigh. Results: Spinal anaesthesia was sufficient in order to perform a qualitative complex surgery. Intra and postoperative course was uneventful with minimal blood loss. Conclusion: Rare cases like this one clearly reveal the advantages of a multidisciplinary surgical team by combining usual surgical procedures from different specialities that could lead to spectacular results. PMID:20108494

  17. Internal Carotid Artery Blister-Like Aneurysm Caused by Aspergillus – Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Ogawa, Masaki; Sakurai, Keita; Kawaguchi, Takatsune; Naiki-Ito, Aya; Nakagawa, Motoo; Okita, Kenji; Matsukawa, Noriyuki; Shibamoto, Yuta

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Blister-like aneurysm of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) is a well-documented cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Generally, this type of aneurysm is associated with various conditions such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and ICA dissection. Although Aspergillus is the most common organism causing intracranial fungal aneurysmal formation, there is no report of a blister-like aneurysm caused by Aspergillus infection. Case Report An 83-year-old man received corticosteroid pulse therapy followed by oral steroid therapy for an inflammatory pseudotumor of the clivus. Two months later, the patient was transported to an emergency department due to the diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage, classified as Fisher group 4. Subsequent 3D computed tomography angiogram revealed a blister-like aneurysm at the superior wall of the left ICA. Six days later, the patient died of subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by the left ICA aneurysm rerupture. Autopsy revealed proliferation of Aspergillus hyphae in the wall of the aneurysm. Notably, that change was present more densely in the inner membrane than in the outer one. Thus, it was considered that Aspergillus hyphae caused infectious aneurysm formation in the left ICA via hematogenous seeding rather than direct invasion. Conclusions The blister-like aneurysm is a rare but important cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. This case report documents another cause of blister-like aneurysms, that is an infectious aneurysm associated with Aspergillus infection. PMID:25848441

  18. IgG4-related hypophysitis presenting as a pituitary adenoma with systemic disease.

    PubMed

    Hsing, Ming-Tai; Hsu, Hui-Ting; Cheng, Chun-Yuan; Chen, Chien-Min

    2013-04-01

    Hypophysitis is a rare inflammatory disorder that can mimic a pituitary tumor clinically or radiologically. Furthermore, immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related systemic disease is only a just recently characterized disorder. It can manifest as a systemic disease involving multiple organs, including the pancreas, salivary glands, lungs, liver, bile duct, gallbladder, kidneys, and retroperitoneum. It is characterized by a high serum level of IgG4 clinically and dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with sclerosis and phlebitis histologically. Herein, we report the case of a man 66 years of age who presented with nausea, vomiting, and poor appetite with a body weight loss of 4 kg. Image study revealed a pituitary infundibulum mass, right-posterior mediastinal and paraspinal masses, as well as infiltrating masses in bilateral kidneys. Therefore, he received a thoracoscopic biopsy for the right-posterior mediastinal and paraspinal masses and a pathologic examination reported an IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor. Then, transsphenoidal removal of the infundibulum mass was performed. Histologically, the infundibulum mass represented a IgG4-related hypophysitis manifested as an infiltration of plasma cells, lymphocytes, histiocytes, and some eosinophils with a fair number of IgG4-immunoreactive plasma cells. After the operation was complete, the patient took 5 mg of prednisolone every 2 days for 3 months. A follow-up computed tomography scan revealed improvement of the infiltrating masses in the bilateral kidneys.

  19. [IgG4-related systemic disease/systemic IgG4-related disease].

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Motohisa; Takahashi, Hiroki; Shinomura, Yasuhisa

    2010-05-01

    IgG4-related systemic disease/systemic IgG4-related disease has been established as a new systemic disease entity. It is characterized by high serum IgG4 concentrations and abundant IgG4-bearing plasma cell infiltration in the involved organs. The chronic inflammation can attack lacrimal glands, salivary glands, the thyroid, lung, pancreas, kidney, and prostate. The concept includes Mikulicz's disease, Riedel's thyroiditis, pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary pseudotumor, autoimmune pancreatitis, a part of tubulointerstitial nephritis, and chronic prostatitis. It is important to note that these lesions can occur at different times and sites. So, it is necessary to reconfirm the disease definition and entity in each specialized field. The diagnosis of this disease is confirmed by the above serological and histopathological characteristics. There are clinical diagnostic criteria of Mikulicz's disease (the Japanese Medical Society for Sjögren's Syndrome) and autoimmune pancreatitis (the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, and the Japan Pancreas Society). They are convenient and useful. Glucocorticoid improves the physical abnormalities, and the initial dose of prednisolone is 30 mg/day, tapered in 5-mg reductions every two weeks. Nevertheless, there are some cases unable to achieve complete remission.

  20. Comparison of Ocular Outcomes in Two 14-Day Bed Rest Studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cromwell, Ronita L.; Zanello, S. B.; Yarbough, P. O.; Tabbi, G.; Vizzeri, G.

    2012-01-01

    Reports of astronauts' visual changes have raised concern about ocular health during long-duration spaceflight. Some of these findings include globe flattening with hyperopic shifts, choroidal folds, optic disc edema, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickening, and cotton wool spots. While the etiology remains unknown, it is hypothesized that, in predisposed individuals, hypertension in the brain may follow cephalad fluid shifts during spaceflight. This possible mechanism of ocular changes may also apply to analogous cases of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) or pseudotumor cerebri on Earth patients. Head-down t ilt (HDT) bed rest is a spaceflight analog that induces cephalad fluid shifts. Previous studies of the HDT position demonstrated body fluid shifts associated with changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) but the conditions of bed rest varied among experiments, making it difficult to compare data and draw conclusions. For these reasons, vision evaluation of bed rest subjects was implemented for NASA bed rest studies since 2010, in an attempt to monitor vision health in subjects subjected to bed rest. Vision monitoring is thus currently performed in all NASA-conducted bed rest campaigns

  1. [Do polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) deposits still occur in internal organs at the turn of the millennium? Observations on three patients from the former USSR].

    PubMed

    Mohr, W; Endres-Klein, R

    2002-09-01

    PVP had been used as a plasma expander following the end of world war II up to relatively recently but after its intracellular storage became known, it was withdrawn from use. Nevertheless, it was used as a retarding agent for subcutaneous and intramuscular administration of drugs until the 1980s and as a consequence pseudotumors have been observed. Three patients from the former USSR are described with PVP storage in the gastric and duodenal mucosa as well as in lymph nodes. The reason for the administration in these patients and the substances applied remain obscure. It is known that PVP infusions are still performed in Taiwan and that it was also injected intraarticularly as an artificial joint lubricant in Russia in the early 1990s. Because cells with intracytoplasmic deposits of PVP can be misdiagnosed as tumor cells and for reasons of general health - "la maladie polyvinylique" [1] may develop - it is still necessary to retain knowledge of the histology of cellular PVP storage.

  2. Neuro-ophthalmology of orbital disease.

    PubMed

    Rose, Geoffrey E; Verity, David H

    2011-01-01

    In this chapter the presentation and management of common orbital diseases are discussed. An accurate clinical history and assessment are essential, with computed tomography being the imaging of choice. Magnetic resonance imaging provides detail of intrinsic optic nerve disease and orbital apical or intracranial pathology, and ultrasonography is valuable in assessing anterior orbital masses, in particular vascular lesions. Inflammatory lesions require a tissue biopsy before immunosuppression is instituted. Exceptions to this principle are scleritis, myositis, thyroid eye disease, and characteristic orbital apex syndrome, in which delay in immune suppression may jeopardize visual outcome. The term "orbital pseudotumor" is now obsolete. The management of active thyroid eye disease includes immunosuppression and low-dose orbital radiotherapy. Urgent orbital decompression is indicated in the presence of nonresponsive optic neuropathy, and inactive disease is managed by decompression for exophthalmos, and correction of muscle imbalance and lid retraction. Subacute lacrimal gland inflammation, unresponsive to a few weeks of nonsteroidal treatment, may be due to underlying carcinoma and a specialist opinion should be sought without delay. Pleomorphic adenoma, with typical features on imaging, should always be excised intact to avoid subsequent pervasive malignant disease. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. [Frequency and distribution of oral lesions in elderly patients].

    PubMed

    Crivelli, M R; Domínguez, F V; Adler, I L; Keszler, A

    1990-01-01

    In this study the relative frequency of oral lesions was evaluated in a group of 526 patients, 55 years old or elder. Clinical and pathological data were obtained from 244 patients who attended to a clinic of Medical and Social Assistance Program (PAMI) ad from 282 cases registered in the files of the Surgical Pathology Laboratory F.O.U.B.A. (LAP) since 1984 to 1986. The mean age of the groups was 63 years old. The most frequency lesions were the pseudotumors (44.6%) in LAP and (17.2%) in PAMI; premalignant lesions were (20.5%) in LAP, while in PAMI (2.4%). The cysts in LAP found (15.6%) in PAMI were (2.4%). The groups of PAMI showed (90%) of Candidiasis. Traumatic ulcer (30.7%) and afthae (28.8%). In LAP were (4.6%) the traumatic ulcer. The malignant tumors the most frequency was carcinoma espinocelular (8.16%) LAP and (6.56%) PAMI. It was remarkable that stomatodine as represented in PAMI (72.2%) and Candidiasis were (90%). Candidiasis were 90% of the specific inflammations. Results suggest that oral mobility in elderly patients correlates with the findings in this type of social assisted groups. The figures of the importance of methodical collaboration of Stomatologists and Oral Pathologists for differential diagnosis.

  4. A case of idiopathic intracranial hypertension associated with PCOS.

    PubMed

    Lee, Y J; Jeong, J E; Joo, J K; Lee, K S

    2015-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a rare neurologic disorder. It is also known as pseudotumor cerebri. The incidence of IIH is one to two per 100,000 population annually. The higher incidence is in obese women from 15 to 44 years. The main symptoms are headache and visual loss. It mostly affects women of childbearing age who are overweight or obese. There are many theories of pathogenesis of IIH, but precise pathogenesis is unknown. One of the causes of IIH is intracranial venous sinus thrombosis. It can cause increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure by obstruction of venous outflow and blocking of CSF absorption. In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients, thrombogenic tendency is increased due to increased aromatization of testosterone to estradiol which could induce estrogen-mediated thrombophilia. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with PCOS stigma who presented with a severe headache and papilledema. These symptoms were not improved by standard medical therapy of IIH and PCOS, but improved after laparoscopic ovarian drilling. The authors report it with a review of the literature.

  5. [Pancreatic ascariasis mimicking a pancreatic tumor].

    PubMed

    Casado Maestre, María Dolores; Alamo Martínez, José María; Segura Sampedro, Juan José; Gómez Bravo, Miguel Ángel; Padillo Ruiz, Francisco Javier; Durán Izquierdo, Elena; Gavilán Carrasco, Francisco

    2011-01-01

    Ascaris lumbricoides infection in Spain is anecdotal and is usually associated with travel to areas with high endemicity such as India and South America. Biliopancreatic disease caused by this parasite is both rare and one of the most feared complications. There are few publications in the literature about pancreatic involvement in ascariasis. We describe a case of pancreatic ascariasis diagnosed after a pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed for a suspected pancreatic adenocarcinoma. A 58-year-old man consulted for longstanding abdominal pain and diarrhea. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance scans, endoscopy, and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle cytology were performed. The pathological diagnosis was moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head. Cephalic pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. The postoperative course was favorable. A pancreatic fistula type B (ISGPF classification) developed and was resolved with conservative treatment. Analysis of the surgical specimen revealed the presence of a pancreatic pseudotumor due to Ascaris lumbricoides. After these findings, treatment was completed with oral albendazole. Pancreatic ascariasis in our environment is unusual, but should be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors and inflammatory processes of the pancreas. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  6. Modified PAIR Technique for Percutaneous Treatment of High-Risk Hydatid Cysts

    SciTech Connect

    Gabal, Abdelwahab M.; Khawaja, Fazal I.; Mohammad, Ghanem A.

    2005-04-15

    Purpose: This paper presents a modification of the known method for percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst, the PAIR technique. It aimed to achieve safe aspiration of large symptomatic cysts and cysts with a danger of impending rupture. Methods: We designed a coaxial catheter system to achieve concomitant evacuation of cyst contents while infusing scolicidal agent. Hypertonic saline is used to wash out cyst contents and to kill protoscolices. This was followed by injection of a sclerosant (ethyl alcohol 95%) into the residual cyst cavity to prevent formation of a cyst collection after the procedure. Seventeen cysts in 14 patients were successfully aspirated. Follow-up plain radiographs, ultrasonography and CT were performed weekly in the first 4 weeks and then at 3, 6 and 12 months for all patients. Seven patients (9 drained cysts) were followed up for 2 years and 1 patient for 3 years. Results: All cysts were successfully aspirated. The following morphologic changes were noticed: a gradual decrease in cyst size (17 cysts, 100%), thickening and irregularity of the cyst wall due to separation of endocyst from pericyst (7 cysts, 41%), development of a heterogeneous appearance of the cyst components (8 cysts, 47%) and development of pseudotumor (2 cysts, 12%). None of the treated cysts disappeared completely. No significant procedure-related complications were encountered. Conclusion: This modified PAIR technique is a reliable method for percutaneous treatment of risky and symptomatic hydatid cysts.

  7. Modified PAIR Technique for Percutaneous Treatment of High-Risk Hydatid Cysts

    SciTech Connect

    Gabal, Abdelwahab M. Khawaja, Fazal I.; Mohammad, Ghanem A.

    2005-04-15

    Purpose. This paper presents a modification of the known method for percutaneous treatment of hydatid cyst, the PAIR technique. It aimed to achieve safe aspiration of large symptomatic cysts and cysts with a danger of impending rupture. Methods. We designed a coaxial catheter system to achieve concomitant evacuation of cyst contents while infusing scolicidal agent. Hypertonic saline is used to wash out cyst contents and to kill protoscolices. This was followed by injection of a sclerosant (ethyl alcohol 95%) into the residual cyst cavity to prevent formation of a cyst collection after the procedure. Seventeen cysts in 14 patients were successfully aspirated. Follow-up plain radiographs, ultrasonography and CT were performed weekly in the first 4 weeks and then at 3, 6 and 12 months for all patients. Seven patients (9 drained cysts) were followed up for 2 years and 1 patient for 3 years. Results. All cysts were successfully aspirated. The following morphologic changes were noticed: a gradual decrease in cyst size (17 cysts, 100%), thickening and irregularity of the cyst wall due to separation of endocyst from pericyst (7 cysts, 41%), development of a heterogeneous appearance of the cyst components (8 cysts, 47%) and development of pseudotumor (2 cysts, 12%). None of the treated cysts disappeared completely. No significant procedure-related complications were encountered. Conclusion. This modified PAIR technique is a reliable method for percutaneous treatment of risky and symptomatic hydatid cysts.

  8. Edge loading has a paradoxical effect on wear in metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasties.

    PubMed

    Harris, William H

    2012-11-01

    Edge wear is an adverse factor that can negatively impact certain THAs. In some metal-on-metal THAs, it can lead to adverse tissue reactions including aseptic lymphocytic vasculitis-associated lesions and even to pseudotumor formation. In some ceramic-on-ceramic THAs, it can lead to squeaking and/or stripe wear. Edge wear in metal-on-metal and ceramic-on-ceramic THAs can also be associated with accelerated wear across the articulation of these joints. I asked: Does edge wear occur in metal-on-polyethylene (MOP) articulations? And if so, does it increase joint wear? I examined the evidence in the literature for edge wear occurring in MOP THA and then assessed the evidence in the literature for data supporting the concept that edge wear in MOP hips could accelerate wear across the articulation over time. Extensive data in the literature confirm edge wear is common in MOP THA. Surprisingly, the evidence does not support that it accelerates wear across the articulation. In fact, substantial data support the concept that it does not. These observations suggest, in terms of edge wear accelerating overall wear, MOP articulation may have a privileged position compared to hard-on-hard THA articulations.

  9. Concurrent Angioplasty Balloon Placement for Stent Delivery through Jugular Venous Bulb for Treating Cerebral Venous Sinus Stenosis. Technical Report.

    PubMed

    Qureshi, Adnan I; Khan, Asif A; Capistrant, Rachel; Qureshi, Mushtaq H; Xie, Kevin; Suri, M Fareed K

    2016-10-01

    To report upon technique of concurrent placement of angioplasty balloon at the internal jugular vein and sigmoid venous sinus junction to facilitate stent delivery in two patients in whom stent delivery past the jugular bulb was not possible. A 21-year-old woman and a 41-year-old woman with worsening headaches, visual obscuration or diplopia were treated for pseudotumor cerebri associated with transverse venous stenosis. Both patients had undergone primary angioplasty, which resulted in improvement in clinical symptoms followed by the recurrence of symptoms with restenosis at the site of angioplasty. After multiple attempts at stent delivery through jugular venous bulb were unsuccessful, a second guide catheter was placed in the ipsilateral internal jugular vein through contralateral femoral venous approach. A 6 mm × 20 mm (left) or 5 × 15 mm (right) angioplasty balloon was placed across the internal jugular vein and sigmoid sinus junction and partially inflated until the inflation and relative straightening of the junction was observed. In both patients, the internal jugular vein and sigmoid sinus junction was successfully traversed by the stent delivery system in a parallel alignment to inflated balloon. Balloon mounted stent was deployed at the site of restenosis with near complete resolution of lumen narrowing delivery and improvement in clinical symptoms. We report a technique for realignment and diameter change with concurrent placement and partial inflation of angioplasty balloon at the jugular venous bulb to facilitate stent delivery into the sigmoid and transverse venous sinuses in circumstances where multiple attempts at stent delivery are unsuccessful.

  10. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Man, Bik Ling; Mok, Chi Chiu; Fu, Yat Pang

    2014-06-01

    Herein we summarize the clinical presentation, treatment and outcome of neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We performed a systematic review of the neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of SLE reported in the English literature from 1970 to 2010 by a Medline search. The prevalence of neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations is 3.6% in adult and 1.6% in childhood SLE patients. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of SLE are highly variable, with the commonest presentation being optic neuritis, followed by myasthenia gravis, visual field defects and pseudotumor cerebri. The underlying pathology was thought to be either SLE activity or its vascular complications. Most neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of SLE are responsive to high-dose glucocorticoids. Anticoagulation is indicated when there is concomitant antiphospholipid syndrome. SLE-related neuromyelitis optica is often refractory to treatment and 92% of patients require multiple immunosuppressive protocols. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of SLE are uncommon but heterogeneous. The prognosis of neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations in SLE is generally good because of their rapid response to glucocorticoids. Relapses of these manifestations may be reduced by the use of maintenance immunosuppression. Cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, plasmapheresis, intravenous immunoglobulin and rituximab can be considered in glucocorticoid-dependent or refractory cases. Anticoagulation is indicated when there is concomitant antiphospholipid syndrome.

  11. Crystal-associated synovitis- ultrasonographic feature and clinical correlation.

    PubMed

    Fodor, Danela; Albu, Adriana; Gherman, Claudia

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe the ultrasonographic findings in rheumatologic pathology due to crystal deposition. There are four main types of crystals involved: monosodium urate, calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate, basic calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite), and calcium oxalate. In gout the joint fluid is anechoic only at the first gouty attack; afterwards the synovium begins to proliferate. Double contuour sign, a focal or diffuse enhancement of the superficial margin of the articular cartilage is a specific finding. Bursitis has chronic features from the beginning. The ultrasonographic aspect of tophi depends on their age and size (at first small, hypoechoic and homogenous nodules, then echoic with hyperechoic edges and finally pseudotumoral, inhomogeneous). The depositions in the superficial layer are hyperechoic, well delimited only in the absence of inflammatory reaction. The depositions at the entheseal level are leading to the gouty enthesopathy. In knee involvement irregularities of the anterior surface of patella are found. In chondrocalcinosis the most important ultrasonographic signs are the thin hyperechoic band, parallel to the surface of the hyaline cartilage and the punctuated pattern of the fibrocartilage. In hydroxyapatite associated disease, calcifications are frequent in the shoulder or in the great trochanter of the hip, with aspects depending of the calcification phase. Milwakee shoulder is an advanced form of this pathology, associated with rotator cuff arthropathy. Oxalate crystal deposition disease is seen rarely, in patients with primary hyperoxaluria and in patients with end-stage renal disease. Therefore ultrasonography is useful in characterize the articular and juxta-articular alterations in crystal related diseases.

  12. Targeting the Fas/FasL system in Rheumatoid Arthritis therapy: Promising or risky?

    PubMed

    Calmon-Hamaty, Flavia; Audo, Rachel; Combe, Bernard; Morel, Jacques; Hahne, Michael

    2015-10-01

    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting synovial joints. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α is a key component of RA pathogenesis and blocking this cytokine is the most common strategy to treat the disease. Though TNFα blockers are very efficient, one third of the RA patients are unresponsive or present side effects. Therefore, the development of novel therapeutic approaches is required. RA pathogenesis is characterized by the hyperplasia of the synovium, closely associated to the pseudo-tumoral expansion of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), which invade and destroy the joint structure. Hence, depletion of RA FLS has been proposed as an alternative therapeutic strategy. The TNF family member Fas ligand (FasL) was reported to trigger apoptosis in FLS of arthritic joints by binding to its receptor Fas and therefore suggested as a promising candidate for targeting the hyperplastic synovial tissue. However, this cytokine is pleiotropic and recent data from the literature indicate that Fas activation might have a disease-promoting role in RA by promoting cell proliferation. Therefore, a FasL-based therapy for RA requires careful evaluation before being applied. In this review we aim to overview what is known about the apoptotic and non-apoptotic effects of Fas/FasL system and discuss its relevance in RA.

  13. Discovery of a Cell: Reflections on the Checkered History of Intermediate Trophoblast and Update on its Nature and Pathologic Manifestations

    PubMed Central

    Kurman, Robert J.; Shih, Ie-Ming

    2015-01-01

    Summary In 1976, a series of 12 cases describing a lesion that had previously not been well characterized was reported as “trophoblastic pseudotumor of the uterus.” Up until that time rare reports of the lesion had classified it most often as an unusual type of sarcoma associated with pregnancy. All patients in that series were alive and well except for one who died from complications of a uterine perforation occurring at the time of a diagnostic curettage. Thus, it appeared to be a benign neoplasm but subsequently it was found that some exhibited malignant behavior and the tumor was renamed “placental site trophoblastic tumor.” A variety of observations pointed to an origin in a distinctive cell of the placental site, designated “intermediate trophoblast,” which physiologically is seen in the normal implantation site. Subsequently, another subset of intermediate trophoblast cells originating from the chorion laeve have been shown to give rise to the placental site nodule/plaque, a well-circumscribed and usually microscopic incidental finding as well as the epithelioid trophoblastic tumor, its putative malignant counterpart. The initial description of “trophoblastic pseudotumor” opened a new area of research which brought to bear immunohistochemical and molecular genetic analyses that eventually has led to new insights in the diverse morphologic changes occurring in early placentation and also led to the development of a new classification of trophoblastic tumors and tumor-like lesions. PMID:24901393

  14. Percutaneous CT-guided biopsy of the spine: results of 430 biopsies

    PubMed Central

    Rimondi, Eugenio; Errani, Costantino; Bianchi, Giuseppe; Casadei, Roberto; Alberghini, Marco; Malaguti, Maria Cristina; Rossi, Giuseppe; Durante, Stefano; Mercuri, Mario

    2008-01-01

    Biopsies of lesions in the spine are often challenging procedures with significant risk of complications. CT-guided needle biopsies could lower these risks but uncertainties still exist about the diagnostic accuracy. Aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided needle biopsies for bone lesions of the spine. We retrieved the results of 430 core needle biopsies carried out over the past fifteen years at the authors’ institute and examined the results obtained. Of the 430 biopsies performed, in 401 cases the right diagnosis was made with the first CT-guided needle biopsy (93.3% accuracy rate). Highest accuracy rates were obtained in primary and secondary malignant lesions. Most false negative results were found in cervical lesions and in benign, pseudotumoral, inflammatory, and systemic pathologies. There were only 9 complications (5 transient paresis, 4 haematomas that resolved spontaneously) that had no influence on the treatment strategy, nor on the patient’s outcome. In conclusion we can assert that this technique is reliable and safe and should be considered the gold standard in biopsies of the spine. PMID:18463900

  15. Massive localized lymphedema of the male external genitalia: a clinicopathologic study of 6 cases.

    PubMed

    Lee, Stephen; Han, Jeong S; Ross, Hillary M; Epstein, Jonathan I

    2013-02-01

    Massive localized lymphedema is a reactive pseudotumor strongly associated with obesity. The tumor most commonly presents as pendulous masses in the lower limbs with only 3 reported cases involving external male genitalia. In this study, we report an additional 6 cases localized to the external male genitalia. The cases were retrospectively identified from the surgical pathology database of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. All 6 patients were obese (5 presented with diffuse scrotal edema and 1 with a penile mass). In all cases, the clinical impression was of a benign chronic process developing over 3 months to 1 year. All 3 cases from outside institutions were referred with benign pathologic diagnoses. The lesions ranged in size from 4 to 55 cm. Microscopically, all cases exhibited stromal fibrosis and edema, multinucleated stromal cells, perivascular chronic inflammation, and lymphangiectasia. Entrapped fat was a minor feature and seen in only 3 cases. Variable hyperplasia and hypertrophy of dartos muscle were noted in 6 lesions. Three cases showed prominent microvascular proliferation around the edge of individual dartos muscle bundles. In summary, diagnosis of massive localized lymphedema requires appropriate correlation between clinical and microscopic findings. Lesions in the male external genitalia share many microscopic findings with massive localized lymphedema at other sites, although entrapped adipose tissue is not prominent. Additional, although not specific, findings include variably hyperplastic and hypertrophic dartos muscle and capillary neoangiogenesis at the interface between smooth muscle bundles and stroma.

  16. Side effects and potential risk factors of botulinum toxin type A intramuscular injections in knee flexion contractures of hemophiliacs.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez-Merchan, E Carlos; De la Corte-Rodriguez, Hortensia

    2017-07-01

    Knee flexion contracture (KFC) is a common complication of recurrent hemarthrosis in children and young adults with hemophilia. If the KFC is not prevented (by means of primary prophylaxis) and treated properly and early (be means of physical medicine and rehabilitation), it will become fixed. Areas covered: The aim of this article is to review the potential role of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) intramuscular injections for the treatment of KFC in people with hemophilia (PWH). Expert commentary: Although two recent reports have mentioned the benefits of intramuscular injections of BTX-A in PWH with KFC, the data are still scant and too preliminary. The use of intramuscular injections of BTX-A in PWH today should not be recommended until more case studies/small series (ideally well-designed clinical trials) fully demonstrate that this is safe and effective. The risks of intramuscular injections to a hemophilia patient cannot be underestimated (iatrogenic muscle hematomas and pseudotumors). This paper calls the attention of hemophilia treaters on the potential risks of this apparently interesting technique. The current use of BTX-A intramuscular injections in KFC of PWH could make no sense. Raising false expectations in these patients should be avoided.

  17. Tumor immunity within the central nervous system stimulated by recombinant Listeria monocytogenes vaccination.

    PubMed

    Liau, Linda M; Jensen, Eric R; Kremen, Thomas J; Odesa, Sylvia K; Sykes, Steven N; Soung, Michael C; Miller, Jeff F; Bronstein, Jeff M

    2002-04-15

    Tumors arising within the central nervous system (CNS) present the immune system with a challenging target, given the heterogeneous nature of these neoplasms and their location within an "immunologically privileged" site. We used the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus nucleoprotein (LCMV-NP) as a pseudotumor antigen to investigate recombinant Listeria monocytogenes as a tumor vaccine against s.c. and intracerebral challenges with a NP-expressing glioma, 9L-NP. Using Fischer 344 rats, we demonstrate that vaccination with recombinant L. monocytogenes-NP stimulates protection against s.c., but not intracerebral, 9L-NP tumor challenge in an antigen-specific, CD8(+) T-cell-dependent manner. After s.c. tumor rejection, enhanced antitumor immunity is achieved via epitope spreading that permits complete resistance against lethal intracerebral challenge with 9L-NP and with the untransfected parental 9L tumor. Unlike the CD8(+)-dependent immune responses against s.c. 9L-NP tumors, this expanded intracerebral immunity against endogenous tumor-associated antigens is dependent on both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the mechanisms of tumor immunity within the brain are different from those elicited against non-CNS tumors. Furthermore, vaccination approaches exploiting the concept of epitope spreading may enhance the efficacy of antitumor immune responses within the immunologically privileged CNS, potentially mediating tumor cell killing through both CD4(+)- and CD8(+)-dependent effector pathways.

  18. Trypanosoma cruzi Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis in a Venezuelan HIV+-AIDS Patient: Pathological Diagnosis Confirmed by PCR Using Formalin-Fixed- and Paraffin-Embedded-Tissues

    PubMed Central

    Rossi Spadafora, Marcello Salvatore; Céspedes, Ghislaine; Romero, Sandra; Fuentes, Isabel; Boada-Sucre, Alpidio A.; Cañavate, Carmen; Flores-Chávez, María

    2014-01-01

    Coinfections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and infectious agents have been recognized since the early 90s. In the central nervous system (CNS) of HIV+ patients, parasitic protozoans like Toxoplasma gondii have been described as responsible for the space occupying lesions (SOL) developed. However, the involvement of Trypanosoma cruzi is also described but appears to be less frequent in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and transplant recipients, associated with necrotizing myocarditis and neurological symptoms related to the occurrence of necrotizing pseudotumoral encephalitis (NPE) and meningoencephalitis (NME). The present work aims to present a Venezuelan case of NME associated with the coinfection of HIV and a T. cruzi-like trypanosomatid as well as its evolution and diagnosis by histopathological techniques, electron microscopy, and PCR methods using formalin-fixed- (FF-) and paraffin-embedded- (PE-) tissues. Postmortem cytological studies of leptomeninges imprints reveal the presence of trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma sp. Histopathological and electron microscopy studies allowed us to identify an amastigote stage and to reject the involvement of other opportunistic microorganisms as the etiological agent of the SOL. The definitive confirmation of T. cruzi as the etiological agent was achieved by PCR suggesting that the NME by T. cruzi was due to a reactivation of Chagas' disease. PMID:25763312

  19. Ultrasound guidance for distal insertion of ventriculo-atrial shunt catheters: technical note.

    PubMed

    Sheth, Sameer A; McGirt, Matthew; Woodworth, Graeme; Wang, Paul; Rigamonti, Daniele

    2009-04-01

    Ventriculo-atrial (VA) shunts are often used for CSF diversion in situations involving abdominal pathology that preclude the use of ventriculo-peritoneal shunts. Distal (venous) catheters of VA shunts have historically been inserted using a cut-down on the internal jugular vein (IJV). Less invasive placement of atrial catheters may minimize operative times and attenuate post-operative incisional discomfort. We describe a method for atrial catheter placement using ultrasound guidance to visualize the IJV and facilitate percutaneous venous puncture in 17 adult patients (23 total insertions) undergoing treatment for hydrocephalus or pseudotumor cerebri. The IJV and carotid artery were visualized by ultrasound in 23 (100%) cases. Venous penetration and successful atrial catheter placement was achieved on the first attempt in 23 (100%) cases. Pneumothorax, carotid artery puncture or need for venous cut-down occurred in no cases. The utilization of ultrasound guidance for distal VA shunt catheter insertion may increase comfort with this procedure and ultimately decrease complication rate and operative time.

  20. [Review of ear and nose and throat involvement in IgG4-RD].

    PubMed

    Tao, Xiaofeng; Liu, Chang; Song, Bo

    2015-11-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized disease entity. IgG4-RD is characterized by a single or multiple masses in one or more organs; a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate with a high percentage of plasma cells within the lesion staining for IgG4; a peculiar pattern of fibrosis known as "storiform" fibrosis; and elevated serum IgG4 concentrations. IgG4-RD can occur in various organs, including pancreas, kidneys, lungs, retroperitoneum, and prostate gland. The head and neck involvements of IgG4-RD have been chiefly described in Mikulicz disease (MD), Küttner's tumor, orbital? inflammatory pseudotumor, and idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) previously. Recent studies reported that IgG4-RD could also involve ear, nose and throat. Here we reviewed the literatures about ear, nose and throat involvement by IgG4-RD, in order to provide some theoretical bases for the diagnosis and treatment of IgG4-RD.

  1. Rare diagnosis of IgG4-related systemic disease by lip biopsy in an international Sjögren syndrome registry.

    PubMed

    Baer, Alan N; Gourin, Christine G; Westra, William H; Cox, Darren P; Greenspan, John S; Daniels, Troy E

    2013-03-01

    IgG4-related disease has been recently defined as a distinct clinic-pathologic entity, characterized by dense IgG-4 plasmacytic infiltration of diverse organs, fibrosis, and tumefactive lesions. Salivary and lacrimal glands are a target of this disease and, when affected, may clinically resemble Küttner tumor, Mikulicz disease, or orbital inflammatory pseudotumor. In some patients, the disease is systemic, with metachronous involvement of multiple organs, including the pancreas, aorta, kidneys, and biliary tract. We report a 66-year-old man who presented with salivary gland enlargement and severe salivary hypofunction and was diagnosed with IgG4-related disease on the basis of a labial salivary gland biopsy. Additional features of his illness included a marked peripheral eosinophilia, obstructive pulmonary disease, and lymphoplasmacytic aortitis. He was evaluated in the context of a research registry for Sjögren syndrome and was the only 1 of 2594 registrants with minor salivary gland histopathologic findings supportive of this diagnosis.

  2. Pathophysiology of increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure associated to brain arteriovenous malformations: The hydraulic hypothesis

    PubMed Central

    Rossitti, Sandro

    2013-01-01

    Background: Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) produce circulatory and functional disturbances in adjacent as well as in remote areas of the brain, but their physiological effect on the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure is not well known. Methods: The hypothesis of an intrinsic disease mechanism leading to increased CSF pressure in all patients with brain AVM is outlined, based on a theory of hemodynamic control of intracranial pressure that asserts that CSF pressure is a fraction of the systemic arterial pressure as predicted by a two-resistor series circuit hydraulic model. The resistors are the arteriolar resistance (that is regulated by vasomotor tonus), and the venous resistance (which is mechanically passive as a Starling resistor). This theory is discussed and compared with the knowledge accumulated by now on intravasal pressures and CSF pressure measured in patients with brain AVM. Results: The theory provides a basis for understanding the occurrence of pseudotumor cerebri syndrome in patients with nonhemorrhagic brain AVMs, for the occurrence of local mass effect and brain edema bordering unruptured AVMs, and for the development of hydrocephalus in patients with unruptured AVMs. The theory also contributes to a better appreciation of the pathophysiology of dural arteriovenous fistulas, of vein of Galen aneurismal malformation, and of autoregulation-related disorders in AVM patients. Conclusions: The hydraulic hypothesis provides a comprehensive frame to understand brain AVM hemodynamics and its effect on the CSF dynamics. PMID:23607064

  3. Intraorbital foreign bodies--5 own cases and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Markowski, Jarosław; Dziubdziela, Włodzimierz; Gierek, Tatiana; Witkowska, Małgorzata; Mrukwa-Kominek, Ewa; Niedzielska, Iwona; Paluch, Jarosław

    2012-01-01

    Five patients were surgically treated for intraorbital foreign body: a 14-year-old girl had a door glass splinter, a 23-year-old man a metallic foreign body--gunshot pellet, a 55-year-old man a splinter from a metallic bar, a 48-year-old patient the splinters of circular saw and 61-year-old man with shot. Two foreign bodies were removed using the Krönlein-Reese-Berk lateral orbitotomy, two others by Sewell medial orbitotomy and one with superior orbitotomy of Dandy-Naffziger. Radiographs and CT scans were used to identify and localize intraorbital foreign bodies. In one case we found coexistence foreign body (shot) and tumor--inflammation pseudotumor of the orbita. It is possible, that in this case long-time occupy foreign body in the orbita was a cause of that tumor. All foreign bodies were successfully removed, and postoperative course was uneventful. The Krönlein-Reese-Berk orbitotomy provides a satisfactory access to the lateral and posterior orbit, which is of particular importance in the case of a deeply penetrating foreign body (metallic or glass). Surgical removal of intraorbital foreign bodies is a classic example of an interdisciplinary therapeutic approach. Best outcome is usually a result of a team of an ophtalmologist, ENT surgeon, maxillary surgeon and possibly also neurosurgeon performing the operation.

  4. Bariatric Surgery: Risks and Rewards

    PubMed Central

    Pories, Walter J.

    2008-01-01

    Context: Over 23 million Americans are afflicted with severe obesity, i.e. their body mass index (in kilograms per square meter) values exceed 35. Of even greater concern is the association of the adiposity with comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiopulmonary failure, asthma, pseudotumor cerebri, infertility, and crippling arthritis. Objective: Diets, exercise, behavioral modification, and drugs are not effective in these individuals. This article examines the effect of surgery on the control of the weight and the comorbidities, as well as the safety of these operations. Interventions: Although the article focuses on the outcomes of the three most commonly performed operations, i.e. adjustable gastric banding, the gastric bypass, and the biliopancreatic bypass with duodenal switch, it aims for perspective with the inclusion of abandoned and current investigational procedures, a review of the complications, and an emphasis on the appropriate selection of patients. Positions: Ample evidence, including controlled randomized studies, now document that bariatric surgery produces durable weight loss exceeding 100 lb (46 kg), full and long-term remission of type 2 diabetes in over 80% with salutary effects on the other comorbidities as well with significant reductions in all-cause mortality. Although the severely obese present with serious surgical risks, bariatric surgery is performed safely with a 0.35% 90-d mortality in Centers of Excellence throughout the United States—similar to the complication rates after cholecystectomy. Conclusions: Until better approaches become available, bariatric surgery is the therapy of choice for patients with severe obesity. PMID:18987275

  5. Diplopia, Convergent Strabismus, and Eye Abduction Palsy in a 12-Year-Old Boy with Autoimmune Thyroiditis

    PubMed Central

    Pinto, Maria do Carmo; Limbert, Catarina; Lopes, Lurdes

    2016-01-01

    Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is defined by clinical criteria of increased intracranial pressure, elevated intracranial pressure with normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) composition, and exclusion of other causes such tumors, vascular abnormalities, or infections. The association of PTC with levothyroxine (LT4) has been reported. A 12-year-old boy has been followed up for autoimmune thyroiditis under LT4. Family history was irrelevant for endocrine or autoimmune diseases. A TSH level of 4.43 μUI/mL (0.39–3.10) motivated a LT4 adjustment from 75 to 88 μg/day. Five weeks later, he developed horizontal diplopia, convergent strabismus with left eye abduction palsy, and papilledema. Laboratorial evaluation revealed elevated free thyroxine level (1.05 ng/dL [0.65–1.01]) and low TSH, without other alterations. Lumbar puncture was performed and CSF opening pressure was 24 cm H2O with normal composition. Blood and CSF cultures were sterile. Brain MRI was normal. LT4 was temporarily discontinued and progressive improvement was observed, with a normal fundoscopy at day 10 and reversion of diplopia one month later. LT4 was restarted at lower dose and gradually titrated. The boy is currently asymptomatic. This case discloses the potential role of LT4 in inducing PTC. Despite its rarity and unclear association, PTC must be seen as a potential complication of LT4, after excluding all other intracranial hypertension causes. PMID:27379191

  6. Immunoglobulin G4-related ophthalmic disease presenting as uveitis.

    PubMed

    Prayson, Richard A

    2015-11-01

    This report documents a 47-year-old man who presented with back pain, uveitis and an elevated Westergren sedimentation rate. On biopsy, a paraspinal lesion showed a nonspecific chronic inflammatory cell infiltrate. The eye symptoms, after initially responding to immunosuppressive therapy, worsened and progressed to pain, resulting in an extirpation of the right eye. The histopathology of the excised eye showed an inflammatory pseudotumor marked by a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, areas of fibrosis, rare evidence of obliterative phlebitis and, focally, over 20 Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-positive staining cells per high power microscopic field. IgG4-related ophthalmic disease is a relatively rare inflammatory lesion involving the eye and periorbital region. It is defined by a marked lymphoplasmacytic cell infiltrate, fibrosis obliterative phlebitis and increased IgG4 immunostaining (at least 10 cells per high power microscopic field in excised tissue). The entity is not unique to the eye, and has been described in other organs including the brain, endocrine organs, liver and kidney. The clinical presentation is often related to the location of the inflammatory infiltrates, and treatment involves the use of corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive agents. It is important to recognize IgG4-related ophthalmic disease because the condition appears to put patients at increased risk of developing lymphoma.

  7. IgG4-related sialadenitis and Sjögren's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Fragoulis, G E; Zampeli, E; Moutsopoulos, H M

    2017-03-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) has emerged as a new entity in the last decade. It comprises numerous conditions previously thought to be unrelated. Macroscopically, these diseases cause diffuse organ swelling and formation of pseudotumorous masses. Histopathologically, they are characterized by a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate with increased IgG4+ plasma cells and storiform fibrosis. Despite rapid progress within the last years, our knowledge on these conditions is still fragmented. To date, more than forty organs have been reported to be included in IgG4-RD, and salivary gland involvement is amongst the most common organs affected [IgG4-related sialadenitis (IgG4-RS)]. Interestingly, IgG4-RS shares commonalities with Sjögren's syndrome (SS), like glandular enlargement, sicca symptoms, arthralgias, hypergammaglobulinemia, hypocomplementemia, and circulating antinuclear antibodies. Nonetheless, they differ in that the incidence of anti-Ro and anti-La reactivity is not frequently found in patients with IgG4-RS, their salivary glands are infiltrated by a large number of IgG4+ plasma cells and IgG4-RS symptoms respond promptly to steroids. The aim of this review was to describe the clinical, serological, histopathological and pathophysiological aspects of IgG4-RS in the context of IgG4-RD and highlight the differences between IgG4-RS and SS.

  8. The Pathology of IgG4-Related Disease in the Bile Duct and Pancreas.

    PubMed

    Zen, Yoh

    2016-08-01

    Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) in the pancreatobiliary system manifests as sclerosing cholangitis (SC), hepatic inflammatory pseudotumors, and type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). The pathology of IgG4-RD involves an inflammatory process and fibrogenic pathway, the combination of which damages the affected organs. Fibroinflammatory injury is characterized by three microscopic findings: a diffuse lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4-positive plasma cells, obliterative phlebitis, and storiform fibrosis. Although the diagnosis of IgG4-related pancreatocholangitis is relatively straightforward in surgical specimens, the current clinical requirement is to diagnose patients using biopsy samples, which remains challenging. Histological differential diagnoses include primary SC, follicular cholangitis/pancreatitis, SC with granulocytic epithelial lesions, and type 2 AIP. Although the massive infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells is a histological hallmark of IgG4-RD, many other immune cells (e.g., Th2 lymphocytes, regulatory T cells, and M2 macrophages) appear to be strongly involved in orchestral immune reactions.

  9. L'actinomycose cervico-faciale: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Badre, Bouchra; Essaadi, Mustapha; El Arabi, Samira

    2013-01-01

    L'actinomycose est une infection spécifique rare, non contagieuse. Elle se localise dans la région des maxillaires, avec une évolution chronique. Le germe le plus souvent incriminé est Maroc. Nous rapportons le cas d'un enfant âgé de 5 ans, qui a présenté des processus suppuratifs chroniques en rapport avec une actinomycose sous mandibulaire gauche. Le diagnostic de certitude a été porté par l'examen histopathologique. Le traitement de cette infection est chirurgical avec drainage et curetage des lésions, associé à une antibiothérapie à forte dose et à durée prolongée. L'actinomycose peut simuler n'importe quelle affection de la sphère ORL, elle peut prendre en particulier un aspect pseudotumoral égarant de ce fait son diagnostic. Une sensibilisation des médecins à cette pathologie s'impose, pour un diagnostic précoce dont dépend le pronostic. PMID:23785552

  10. Ileocecal resection for massive rectal bleeding due to Yersinia enterocolitica: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Azghari, Ilham; Bargach, Aicha; Billah, Nabil Moatassim; Essaoudi, Mohamed Amine; Jahid, Ahmed; Kabbaj, Nawal

    2016-01-19

    Massive gastrointestinal bleeding is an emergency that can sometimes require immediate surgery. We report the first case, to the best of our knowledge, of massive rectal bleeding due to Yersinia enterocolitica, requiring ileocecal resection. A 41-year-old North African woman was admitted to our emergency department for massive rectal bleeding. She had a history of an iron deficiency anemia of unknown cause, and diarrhea 2 months before the admission. On admission to our emergency unit, she was in a state of hemodynamic collapse. An examination showed discolored conjunctivas, massive rectal bleeding with clots and no abdominal pain. The first medical treatment included the use of noradrenaline. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed and did not show any lesions. Computed tomography of her abdomen showed significant and hypervascular wall thickening of her terminal ileum suggestive of a tumor. Because her massive rectal bleeding worsened and her collapse persisted, an exploratory laparotomy and ileocecal resection were immediately performed on the patient. Histopathological analysis showed enteritis caused by Yersinia enterocolitica. Her outcome was favorable. Enteritis due to Yersinia enterocolitica can take a pseudotumoral form and mislead the diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding.

  11. Efficiency of the confocal method of laser endomicroscopy in complex diagnoses of diseases of common bile duct

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anaskin, S. G.; Panchenkov, D. N.; Chertyuk, V. B.; Sazonov, D. V.; Zabozlayev, F. G.; Danilevskaya, O. V.; Mokshina, N. V.; Korniletsky, I. D.

    2017-01-01

    One of the more frequent manifestations of diseases of the bile ducts are its’ strictures or stenoses that could be of either malignant or benign nature. Current methods of diagnosing this pathology include computer tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, these methods are not always informative, which makes this a current and topical problem. A fundamentally new method that broadens the capabilities of ERCP when diagnosing diseases of the bile duct accompanied by the development of strictures or stenoses is probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE). The method is based on the principle of confocal fluorescence microscopy. The most elaborate complications arise with the presence of the pre-existing pancreatobiliary pathology: pseudotumoral chronic pancreatitis, acute cholangitis, etc. Early stage cholangiocarcinoma diagnosis can be difficult (and not always possible) even with the help of modern research methods. For the timely diagnostic it is advantageous to conduct pCLE and targeted biopsy of the zone with most manifested changes. In all instances, the first use of the pCLE method for diagnostic purposes allowed us to clarify and correctly verify the diagnosis. When concerning the diseases of the bile duct, the modern stage of pCLE development can be of critical importance when other methods are not effective.

  12. Enhancement of Cerenkov Luminescence Imaging by Dual Excitation of Er3+, Yb3+-Doped Rare-Earth Microparticles

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Feng; Feng, Ailing; Zhao, Ying; Lu, Tianjian; Yang, Weidong; Wang, Zhe; Lin, Min; Wang, Jing

    2013-01-01

    Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) has been successfully utilized in various fields of preclinical studies; however, CLI is challenging due to its weak luminescent intensity and insufficient penetration capability. Here, we report the design and synthesis of a type of rare-earth microparticles (REMPs), which can be dually excited by Cerenkov luminescence (CL) resulting from the decay of radionuclides to enhance CLI in terms of intensity and penetration. Methods: Yb3+- and Er3+- codoped hexagonal NaYF4 hollow microtubes were synthesized via a hydrothermal route. The phase, morphology, and emission spectrum were confirmed for these REMPs by power X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and spectrophotometry, respectively. A commercial CCD camera equipped with a series of optical filters was employed to quantify the intensity and spectrum of CLI from radionuclides. The enhancement of penetration was investigated by imaging studies of nylon phantoms and nude mouse pseudotumor models. Results: the REMPs could be dually excited by CL at the wavelengths of 520 and 980 nm, and the emission peaks overlaid at 660 nm. This strategy approximately doubled the overall detectable intensity of CLI and extended its maximum penetration in nylon phantoms from 5 to 15 mm. The penetration study in living animals yielded similar results. Conclusions: this study demonstrated that CL can dually excite REMPs and that the overlaid emissions in the range of 660 nm could significantly enhance the penetration and intensity of CL. The proposed enhanced CLI strategy may have promising applications in the future. PMID:24205030

  13. Comparison of Whole-Blood Metal Ion Levels Among Four Types of Large-Head, Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty Implants: A Concise Follow-up, at Five Years, of a Previous Report.

    PubMed

    Hutt, Jonathan; Lavigne, Martin; Lungu, Eugen; Belzile, Etienne; Morin, François; Vendittoli, Pascal-André

    2016-02-17

    Few studies of total hip arthroplasty (THA) implants with a large-diameter femoral head and metal-on-metal design have directly compared the progression of metal ion levels over time and the relationship to complications. As we previously reported, 144 patients received one of four types of large-diameter-head, metal-on-metal THA designs (Durom, Birmingham, ASR XL, or Magnum implants). Cobalt, chromium, and titanium ion levels were measured over five years. We compared ion levels and clinical results over time. The Durom group showed the highest levels of cobalt (p ≤ 0.002) and titanium ions (p ≤ 0.03). Both the Durom and Birmingham groups demonstrated significant ongoing cobalt increases up to five years. Eight patients (seven with a Durom implant and one with a Birmingham implant) developed adverse local tissue reaction. Six Durom implants and one Birmingham implant required revision, with one pseudotumor under surveillance at the time of the most recent follow-up. We found that ion generation and related complications varied among designs. More concerning was that, for some designs, ion levels continued to increase. Coupling a cobalt-chromium adapter sleeve to an unmodified titanium femoral trunnion along with a large metal-on-metal bearing may explain the poor performances of two of the designs in the current study.

  14. Fish tumors and ecological surveillance: A cautionary example from Port Phillip Bay

    SciTech Connect

    Hard, G.C. )

    1988-10-01

    Interest in the development of strategies using faunal populations for monitoring chemical contamination of the environment was promoted, in part, by earlier investigations of skin lesions that were mistakenly diagnosed as epidermal papillomas in flatfish from Pacific coastal waters of the northern hemisphere. A survey aimed at exploring chemical pollution effects was also undertaken in the southern hemisphere in Port Phillip Bay, Australia, where over 15,000 fish, involving ten mainly bottom-feeding species, were sampled. Only two cases of true neoplasia (both in the sand flathead) were found, but there was a high prevalence of cancer-like growths in certain species of leatherjacket and a low prevalence in spiky globe fish. Morphological analysis proved these to be subacute inflammatory or chronic granulomatous reactions possibly due to parasitic infestation. These findings were discussed in relation to recent work that shows the epidermal papilloma to be a pseudotumor, and the propensity for fish to develop exuberant inflammatory responses to exogenous stimuli which mimic neoplasia.

  15. Inflammatory fibroid polyp: a rare benign tumor of the alimentary tract in children presenting as intussusception-case report and review of literature.

    PubMed

    Siminas, Sotirios; Qasem, Eyas; Shukla, Rajeev; Turnock, Richard

    2014-06-01

    Inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) represents a rare cause of gastrointestinal polypoid disease in childhood. Τhe lesion has been described by various names beyond the currently accepted term, including "Vanek's tumour," eosinophilic or submucosal granuloma, gastric fibroma with eosinophilic infiltration, inflammatory pseudotumor, and hemangiopericytoma. The etiopathogenesis and origin of the mesenchymal spindle-shaped cells that comprise the polyp remains enigmatic. Recent studies have shown familial occurrence, expression of platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFRA) and oncogenic PDGFRA mutations in the majority of lesions, suggestive of a neoplastic nature. We present a rare case of a 10-year-old boy with an IFP of the terminal ileum, who presented acutely with intussusception and was treated with a right hemicolectomy. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient has been asymptomatic during follow-up. Histopathology and immunohistochemical analysis excluded inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (negative for Alk1, desmin, smooth muscle actin [SMA]), gastrointerstinal stromal tumors (GIST) (negative for CD117) and schwannoma (negative for S100). The lesion was positive for CD34 and faintly for vimentin. Despite the classification of IFPs as a mesenchymal benign neoplasm, in the vast majority of cases, surgical excision alone was curative, and no reports exist of a malignant transformation. A cautious approach with periodic surveillance of the affected children seems reasonable though.

  16. Spontaneous globe luxation in iatrogenic Cushing syndrome.

    PubMed

    Ortega-Evangelio, Leticia; Navarrete-Sanchis, Javier; Williams, Basil K; Tomas-Torrent, Juan Miguel

    2015-10-01

    We report a rare case of spontaneous eyeball luxation associated with exophthalmos due to iatrogenic Cushing syndrome (CS). The normalization of serum hormones led to the regression of the picture. A 64-year-old man presented with spontaneous globe luxation of the left eye after a 6-month history of bilateral, painless, and slowly progressive exophthalmos. The patient had been receiving weekly infusions of methylprednisone over the previous 6 months. His best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at presentation was 20/40 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. The patient demonstrated full extraocular motility. The intraocular pressure (IOP) was elevated in the right eye (24 mHg) and normal in the left eye (18 mmHg). Exophthalmometry demonstrated bilateral proptosis with measurements of 27 mm in the right eye and 28 mm in the left eye. Computed tomography scan of the brain and orbits revealed increased orbital and cervical fat. Clinical, radiographic and serologic findings ruled out potential diagnoses including orbital metastasis, thyroid orbitopathy, carotid-cavernous fistula, and idiopathic orbital pseudotumor. Clinical suspicion of iatrogenic CS was high, and additional serologic testing confirmed the diagnosis. Exophthalmos is an uncommon sign of CS, but to our knowledge, this is the first reported case of spontaneous globe luxation secondary to CS. In our case, normalization of cortisol was sufficient to resolve the clinical symptoms and eliminated the need for surgical intervention such as orbital decompression surgery.

  17. Real-time contrast enhanced ultrasound imaging of focal splenic lesions.

    PubMed

    Li, Wei; Liu, Guangjian; Wang, Wei; Wang, Zhu; Huang, Yang; Xu, ZuoFeng; Xie, XiaoYan; Lu, MingDe

    2014-04-01

    To investigate the imaging features of focal splenic lesions (FSLs) on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). Thirty two patients with FSLs proved by pathology were retrospectively analyzed. CEUS was performed using intravenous bolus injection of 2.4 ml sulfur hexafluoride-filled microbubble contrast agent and real time scanning. There were hemangioma (n=7), lymphoma (n=8), true cyst (n=3), infarction (n=4), hematolymphangioma (n=2), metastasis tumor (n=2), and one for each of the following entities extramedullary hemopoiesis, hamartoma, tuberculosis, Langerhans' cell histiocytosis, inflammatory pseudotumor and myxofibrosarcoma. Among 21 benign lesions, 4 infarctions and 3 cysts presented non-enhancement throughout CEUS scanning, and the other 14 lesions displayed various enhancement levels with 6 (42.9%) hyper-enhancement, 2 (14.3%) iso-enhancement and 6 (42.9%) hypo-enhancement in arterial phase and 11 (78.6%) hypo-enhancement, 1 (7.1%) iso-enhancement and 2 (14.3%) hyper-enhancement in late phase, respectively. The enhancement pattern included 9 (64.3%) homogeneous, 4 (28.6%) heterogeneous and 1 (7.1%) rim-like enhancement. As for the malignant FSLs, all the lesions became completely or extensively hypo-enhancement during the late phase no matter their vascularity during arterial phase. The CEUS features reported in this series may enrich the knowledge for CEUS characterization of FSLs. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. The transconjunctival approach a minimally invasive approach to various kinds of retrobulbar tumors.

    PubMed

    Park, Sung Jin; Yang, Jae Wook

    2013-11-01

    Orbital tumors, particularly those within the retrobulbar space, were approached by maxillofacial, ophthalmic, and neurological surgeons. Less traumatic approaches in this functionally and cosmetically important region are desirable. We describe another method to remove orbital tumor in the retrobulbar space by a transconjunctival approach with lateral canthotomy and transient extraocular muscle severing without lateral orbitotomy. We report 5 retrobulbar tumors operated with a transconjunctival approach, 2 of which were intraconal. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans were used to determine precise location of the retrobulbar tumor. Retrobulbar tumors could be removed successfully through a transconjunctival approach. Three pleomorphic adenomas, 1 carvenous hemangioma, and 1 pseudotumor were the pathologic findings encountered. These patients were free from visible scars, proptosis, and any other noticeable complications at last follow-up, 6 months after surgery. The transconjunctival approach, which involves lateral canthotomy and transient extraocular muscle severing without lateral orbitotomy, is an unconventional procedure for retrobulbar tumor and results in a successful outcome. The indications for this approach depend on the size, location, and nature of the tumor. In this regard, contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans give useful information for planning operative strategy.

  19. Fracture of the Modular Neck in Total Hip Arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Hernandez, A.; Gargallo-Margarit, A.; Barro, V.; Gallardo-Calero, I.; Sallent, A.

    2015-01-01

    Modularity of the components in total hip arthroplasty has had an increase in popularity in the last decades. We present the case of a 53-year-old man with a history of avascular necrosis of the femoral head due to a hypophyseal adenoma. A total hip modular arthroplasty was implanted. Three and a half years after the surgery the patient attended the emergency room due to acute left hip pain with no prior traumatism. Radiological examination confirmed a fracture of the modular neck. A revision surgery was performed finding an important pseudotumoral well-organized periprosthetic tissue reaction. Through an extended trochanteric osteotomy the femoral component was removed, and a straight-stem revision prosthesis implanted. There are several potential advantages when using modularity in total hip arthroplasty that surgeons may benefit from, but complications have arisen and must be addressed. Various circumstances such as large femoral head with a long varus neck, corrosion, patient's BMI, and activity level may participate in creating the necessary environment for fatigue failure of the implant. PMID:26266069

  20. Venous endothelial injury in central nervous system diseases

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    The role of the venous system in the pathogenesis of inflammatory neurological/neurodegenerative diseases remains largely unknown and underinvestigated. Aside from cerebral venous infarcts, thromboembolic events, and cerebrovascular bleeding, several inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), and optic neuritis, appear to be associated with venous vascular dysfunction, and the neuropathologic hallmark of these diseases is a perivenous, rather than arterial, lesion. Such findings raise fundamental questions about the nature of these diseases, such as the reasons why their pathognomonic lesions do not develop around the arteries and what exactly are the roles of cerebral venous inflammation in their pathogenesis. Apart from this inflammatory-based view, a new hypothesis with more focus on the hemodynamic features of the cerebral and extracerebral venous system suggests that MS pathophysiology might be associated with the venous system that drains the CNS. Such a hypothesis, if proven correct, opens new therapeutic windows in MS and other neuroinflammatory diseases. Here, we present a comprehensive review of the pathophysiology of MS, ADEM, pseudotumor cerebri, and optic neuritis, with an emphasis on the roles of venous vascular system programming and dysfunction in their pathogenesis. We consider the fundamental differences between arterial and venous endothelium, their dissimilar responses to inflammation, and the potential theoretical contributions of venous insufficiency in the pathogenesis of neurovascular diseases. PMID:24228622

  1. Mycetoma or synovial sarcoma? A case report with review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Jimenez, A Louis; Salvo, Nichol L

    2011-01-01

    Mycetoma, also commonly referred to as Madura foot, is statistically rare in the United States. However, it is endemic to other parts of the world. It is a pseudotumor characterized by a triad of tumefaction, draining sinuses, and grains. Two types exist, with each caused by different groups of organisms that require different treatment approaches. Therefore, the exact diagnosis and culture of the organism is vital to successful treatment outcomes. Synovial sarcoma, in contrast, is a malignancy much more commonly seen in the United States. It is characterized by a well-circumscribed, often palpable, mass that is usually well delineated on magnetic resonance imaging. It has characteristic histologic and genetic features that help distinguish it from other soft tissue masses. We present a case of a soft tissue mass diagnosed in the United States. The patient had several clinical and radiographic features of synovial sarcoma but the histologic outcome was mycetoma. The case is followed by a review of the published data. Copyright © 2011 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Internal carotid artery blister-like aneurysm caused by Aspergillus - case report.

    PubMed

    Ogawa, Masaki; Sakurai, Keita; Kawaguchi, Takatsune; Naiki-Ito, Aya; Nakagawa, Motoo; Okita, Kenji; Matsukawa, Noriyuki; Shibamoto, Yuta

    2015-01-01

    Blister-like aneurysm of the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) is a well-documented cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Generally, this type of aneurysm is associated with various conditions such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and ICA dissection. Although Aspergillus is the most common organism causing intracranial fungal aneurysmal formation, there is no report of a blister-like aneurysm caused by Aspergillus infection. An 83-year-old man received corticosteroid pulse therapy followed by oral steroid therapy for an inflammatory pseudotumor of the clivus. Two months later, the patient was transported to an emergency department due to the diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage, classified as Fisher group 4. Subsequent 3D computed tomography angiogram revealed a blister-like aneurysm at the superior wall of the left ICA. Six days later, the patient died of subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by the left ICA aneurysm rerupture. Autopsy revealed proliferation of Aspergillus hyphae in the wall of the aneurysm. Notably, that change was present more densely in the inner membrane than in the outer one. Thus, it was considered that Aspergillus hyphae caused infectious aneurysm formation in the left ICA via hematogenous seeding rather than direct invasion. The blister-like aneurysm is a rare but important cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. This case report documents another cause of blister-like aneurysms, that is an infectious aneurysm associated with Aspergillus infection.

  3. Feline restrictive orbital myofibroblastic sarcoma in a cat – Cross sectional imaging (MRI & CT) appearance, treatment and outcome

    PubMed Central

    Thomasy, Sara M.; Cissell, Derek D.; Arzi, Boaz; Vilches-Moure, Jose G.; Lo, Winnie Y.; Wisner, Erik R.; Dubielzig, Richard R.; Maggs, David J.

    2012-01-01

    Case Description A 16-year-old spayed female cat evaluated for lagophthalmos and chronic exposure keratitis in both eyes. Clinical Findings Ophthalmic examination revealed upper and lower eyelid entropion of the left eye (OS) and markedly decreased retropulsion, restricted eye movement, marked episcleral congestion, and severe keratitis of both eyes (OU). Magnetic resonance imaging of both orbits revealed extensive, irregular, contrast-enhancing tissue without evidence of osteolysis considered compatible with diffuse inflammatory tissue. Feline herpesvirus DNA was not detected in conjunctival samples. Treatment and Outcome Partial temporary tarsorrhaphies were placed OU and the cat was treated with topically administered erythromycin ointment OU, orally administered famciclovir and prednisolone, and sublingually administered buprenorphine. Little improvement was noted after 2 weeks. Six weeks after presentation, a left exenteration was performed and histopathology was consistent with idiopathic sclerosing orbital pseudotumor (ISOP). Ten weeks after presentation, the patient presented for weight loss and jaw pain. Computed tomography demonstrated disease progression in the right orbit and the patient was euthanized. Histopathology of the decalcified skull revealed an aggressive and highly infiltrative mass involving the right orbit with extension to the maxilla, hard palate, nasal cavity and gingiva most consistent with feline restrictive orbital myofibroblastic sarcoma (FROMS). Clinical Relevance Clinical data from this patient support the reclassification of ISOP as FROMS. MRI and CT may provide supportive evidence for FROMS but histopathology is necessary for definitive diagnosis. Aggressive and early surgical treatment, including bilateral exenteration, with adjunctive radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy should be considered for patients with FROMS. PMID:23281709

  4. CT Colonography with Computer-aided Detection: Recognizing the Causes of False-Positive Reader Results

    PubMed Central

    Dachman, Abraham H.; Wroblewski, Kristen; Vannier, Michael W.; Horne, John M.

    2014-01-01

    Computed tomography (CT) colonography is a screening modality used to detect colonic polyps before they progress to colorectal cancer. Computer-aided detection (CAD) is designed to decrease errors of detection by finding and displaying polyp candidates for evaluation by the reader. CT colonography CAD false-positive results are common and have numerous causes. The relative frequency of CAD false-positive results and their effect on reader performance on the basis of a 19-reader, 100-case trial shows that the vast majority of CAD false-positive results were dismissed by readers. Many CAD false-positive results are easily disregarded, including those that result from coarse mucosa, reconstruction, peristalsis, motion, streak artifacts, diverticulum, rectal tubes, and lipomas. CAD false-positive results caused by haustral folds, extracolonic candidates, diminutive lesions (<6 mm), anal papillae, internal hemorrhoids, varices, extrinsic compression, and flexural pseudotumors are almost always recognized and disregarded. The ileocecal valve and tagged stool are common sources of CAD false-positive results associated with reader false-positive results. Nondismissable CAD soft-tissue polyp candidates larger than 6 mm are another common cause of reader false-positive results that may lead to further evaluation with follow-up CT colonography or optical colonoscopy. Strategies for correctly evaluating CAD polyp candidates are important to avoid pitfalls from common sources of CAD false-positive results. ©RSNA, 2014 PMID:25384290

  5. Trypanosoma cruzi necrotizing meningoencephalitis in a Venezuelan HIV⁺-AIDS patient: pathological diagnosis confirmed by PCR using formalin-fixed- and paraffin-embedded-tissues.

    PubMed

    Rossi Spadafora, Marcello Salvatore; Céspedes, Ghislaine; Romero, Sandra; Fuentes, Isabel; Boada-Sucre, Alpidio A; Cañavate, Carmen; Flores-Chávez, María

    2014-01-01

    Coinfections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and infectious agents have been recognized since the early 90s. In the central nervous system (CNS) of HIV(+) patients, parasitic protozoans like Toxoplasma gondii have been described as responsible for the space occupying lesions (SOL) developed. However, the involvement of Trypanosoma cruzi is also described but appears to be less frequent in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and transplant recipients, associated with necrotizing myocarditis and neurological symptoms related to the occurrence of necrotizing pseudotumoral encephalitis (NPE) and meningoencephalitis (NME). The present work aims to present a Venezuelan case of NME associated with the coinfection of HIV and a T. cruzi-like trypanosomatid as well as its evolution and diagnosis by histopathological techniques, electron microscopy, and PCR methods using formalin-fixed- (FF-) and paraffin-embedded- (PE-) tissues. Postmortem cytological studies of leptomeninges imprints reveal the presence of trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma sp. Histopathological and electron microscopy studies allowed us to identify an amastigote stage and to reject the involvement of other opportunistic microorganisms as the etiological agent of the SOL. The definitive confirmation of T. cruzi as the etiological agent was achieved by PCR suggesting that the NME by T. cruzi was due to a reactivation of Chagas' disease.

  6. Menstrual concerns and intrauterine contraception among adolescent bariatric surgery patients.

    PubMed

    Hillman, Jennifer B; Miller, Rachel J; Inge, Thomas H

    2011-04-01

    Adolescent obesity has dramatically increased in recent decades, and along with that so have other medical comorbidities, such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and pseudotumor cerebri. Obesity and related comorbidites may be contraindications to hormonal contraception, making contraception counseling of morbidly obese adolescents more challenging. Obese adolescent females seeking bariatric surgery need effective contraception in the postoperative period. This study is designed to determine the acceptance rate of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) and describe common menstrual problems in obese adolescent bariatric surgery patients. This is a historic cohort study of adolescent females who underwent bariatric surgery over a 2-year period at a tertiary referral center for pediatric obesity. Data were systematically abstracted. The percent of patients with menstrual problems and the acceptance rate for the levonorgestrel-releasing IUD were determined. Twenty-five adolescents met inclusion criteria. The mean age was 17.4 years (standard deviation [SD] 2.6), and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 51.4 (SD 6.3) kg/m(2). Eighty-four percent were white. Twenty-eight percent had menorrhagia, 32% had oligomenorrhea, 40% had dysmenorrhea, and 36% had PCOS. Ninety-two percent (23 of 25) underwent IUD placement. There was a high prevalence of menstrual problems among this sample of severely obese adolescent females. The majority accepted the IUD, indicating it is a viable option among this population.

  7. Role of endoscopic ultrasound in the molecular diagnosis of pancreatic cancer

    PubMed Central

    Bournet, Barbara; Gayral, Marion; Torrisani, Jérôme; Selves, Janick; Cordelier, Pierre; Buscail, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma remains one of the most deadly types of tumor. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is a safe, cost-effective, and accurate technique for evaluating and staging pancreatic tumors. However, EUS-FNA may be inconclusive or doubtful in up to 20% of cases. This review underlines the clinical interest of the molecular analysis of samples obtained by EUS-FNA in assessing diagnosis or prognosis of pancreatic cancer, especially in locally advanced tumors. On EUS-FNA materials DNA, mRNA and miRNA can be extracted, amplified, quantified and subjected to methylation assay. Kras mutation assay, improves diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. When facing to clinical and radiological presentations of pseudo-tumorous chronic pancreatitis, wild-type Kras is evocative of benignity. Conversely, in front of a pancreatic mass suspected of malignancy, a mutated Kras is highly evocative of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. This strategy can reduce false-negative diagnoses, avoids the delay of making decisions and reduces loss of surgical resectability. Similar approaches are conducted using analysis of miRNA expression as well as Mucin or markers of invasion (S100P, S100A6, PLAT or PLAU). Beyond the diagnosis approach, the prediction of response to treatment can be also investigated form biomarkers expression within EUS-FNA materials. PMID:25152579

  8. Arthroplasty in Femoral Head Osteonecrosis

    PubMed Central

    Nam, Dong Cheol; Jung, Kwangyoung

    2014-01-01

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a destructive joint disease requiring early hip arthroplasty. The polyethylene-metal design using a 22-mm femoral head component, introduced by Charnley in 1950, has been widely used for over half a century. Since then, different materials with the capacity to minimize friction between bearing surfaces and various cement or cementless insert fixations have been developed. Although the outcome of second and third generation designs using better bearing materials and technologies has been favorable, less favorable results are seen with total hip arthroplasty in young patients with osteonecrosis. Selection of appropriate materials for hip arthroplasty is important for any potential revisions that might become inevitable due to the limited durability of a prosthetic hip joint. Alternative hip arthroplasties, which include hemiresurfacing arthroplasty and bipolar hemiarthroplasty, have not been found to have acceptable outcomes. Metal-on-metal resurfacing has recently been suggested as a feasible option for young patients with extra physical demands; however, concerns about complications such as hypersensitivity reaction or pseudotumor formation on metal bearings have emerged. To ensure successful long-term outcomes in hip arthroplasty, factors such as insert stabilization and surfaces with less friction are essential. Understanding these aspects in arthroplasty is important to selection of proper materials and to making appropriate decisions for patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head. PMID:27536561

  9. High Re-Operation Rates Using Conserve Metal-On-Metal Total Hip Articulations

    PubMed Central

    Mogensen, S.L.; Jakobsen, T.; Christoffersen, H.; Krarup, N.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Metal-on-metal hip articulations have been intensely debated after reports of adverse reactions and high failure rates. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the implant of a metal-on.metal total hip articulation (MOM THA) from a single manufacture in a two-center study. Materials and Methods: 108 CONSERVE® MOM THA were implanted in 92 patients between November 2005 and December 2010. Patients had at time of retrospective evaluation their journals reviewed for re-operations and adverse reactions. Results: 20 hips were re-operated (18.4%) at a mean follow up of 53 months. 4 pseudotumors were diagnosed at time of follow up but no substantiated link was made between adverse reactions and re-operations. Conclusion: The high re-operation rates found in this study raised concern about the usage of the MOM THA and subsequently lead to the termination of implantation of this MOM THA at the two orthopaedic departments. PMID:27099640

  10. [American histoplasmosis: clinicopathological features in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. A report of two cases of infection by Histoplasma capsulatum on Reunion Island].

    PubMed

    Fernandez, C; Gazaille, V; Werbrouck-Chiraux, A; Belmonte, O; Sultan-Bichat, N; Agape, P; Chretien, F; Schlossmacher, P

    2014-05-01

    Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum. It shows pulmonary or multivisceral involvement. Infective spores are inhaled from soils that contain bat or bird guano. The clinical picture depends on the intensity of the exposure and the immune status of the host. We report two cases of histoplasmosis that reflect its variability in clinical and histopathological expression: a pseudo-tumoral nodular form or histoplasmoma in a pauci-symptomatic immunocompetent patient and a disseminated form with severe respiratory and mucocutaneous involvement in an immunocompromised patient. The histoplasmoma presented as a spiculated, hypermetabolic, solitary pulmonary nodule. Histopathological examination showed well-formed epithelioid granulomas with caseous central necrosis containing numerous histoplasma yeasts. In the patient with disseminated infection, the diagnosis was confirmed by seeing yeast forms in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and skin biopsy. These patients are the second and third cases of histoplasmosis reported on Reunion Island. Both had traveled in endemic areas several years previously. The most likely pathophysiological mechanism is the reactivation of an old latent infection. There is, therefore, no argument at present in favor of the presence of contaminated soils on Reunion Island. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  11. [About a case of calcifying fibrous tumor of the pleura].

    PubMed

    Rocas, Delphine; Thivolet-Béjui, Françoise; Tronc, François; Chalabreysse, Lara

    2015-12-01

    Calcifying fibrous tumor is a rare soft tissue benign tumor (OMS 2002). Some pleural localisations are described, which affect slightly older individuals than the other soft tissue forms. The calcifying fibrous tumor is included in the 2004 World Health Organization classification of pleural tumors. A pleural tumor located in the right inferior pulmonary lobe is diagnosed in a 59-year-old man. This pleural tumor is macroscopically well-circumscribed. Histologically, the rare spindle tumoral cells are located between bundles of a collagenous tissue, sometimes hyalinized, with psammomatous or dystrophic calcifications. The tumoral cells have a fibrohistiocytic origin. They stain positively for antibodies against vimentin, factor XIIIa, CD68, CD163, CD34. Antibodies against smooth muscle actin, desmin, PS100, ALK1 and EBV are negative. Main differencial diagnoses are other benign pleural tumors (solitary fibrous tumor, inflammatory myofibroblastique tumor), some malignant tumors (desmoplastic malignant pleural mesothelioma) and pleural pseudotumors (calcified pleural plaques, chronic fibrous pleuritis, amylose, hyalinizing granuloma). Our case is the 15th pleural calcifying fibrous tumor being reported. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Tumefactive multiple sclerosis requiring emergency craniotomy: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Munarriz, Pablo M; Castaño-Leon, Ana M; Martinez-Perez, Rafael; Hernandez-Lain, Aurelio; Ramos, Ana; Lagares, Alfonso

    2013-01-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, characterized by focal neurological dysfunction with a relapsing and remitting course. Tumor-like presentation of MS (or "tumefactive"/"pseudotumoral" presentation) has been described before with a certain frequency; it consists of a large single plaque (>2cm) with presence of edema and mass effect and it is hard to distinguish from a brain tumor. However, we present a very rare case of a 53-year-old woman with a right temporal mass that turned out to be a MS plaque, who deteriorated within hours (brain herniation with loss of consciousness and unilateral mydriasis) and required an emergency craniotomy. We also present a review of the literature. It appears that only 4 cases of emergency craniotomy/craniectomy required in a patient with a tumor-like MS plaque have been reported before. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  13. Alzheimer's disease: Elevated pigment epithelium-derived factor in the cerebrospinal fluid is mostly of systemic origin.

    PubMed

    Lang, Veronika; Zille, Marietta; Infante-Duarte, Carmen; Jarius, Sven; Jahn, Holger; Paul, Friedemann; Ruprecht, Klemens; Pina, Ana Luisa

    2017-04-15

    Pigment-epithelium derived factor (PEDF) is a neurotrophic factor with neuroprotective, anti-tumorigenic, and anti-angiogenic effects. Elevated levels of PEDF have previously been proposed as a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker for Alzheimer's disease. However, the origin of PEDF in CSF, i.e. whether it is derived from the brain or from the systemic circulation, and the specificity of this finding hitherto remained unclear. Here, we analyzed levels of PEDF in paired CSF and serum samples by ELISA in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD, n=12), frontotemporal dementia (FTD, n=6), vascular dementia (n=4), bacterial meningitis (n=8), multiple sclerosis (n=32), pseudotumor cerebri (n=36), and diverse non-inflammatory neurological diseases (n=19). We established CSF/serum quotient diagrams to determine the fraction of intrathecally synthesized PEDF in CSF. We found that PEDF is significantly increased in CSF of patients with AD, FTD, and bacterial meningitis. Remarkably, PEDF concentrations were also significantly elevated in serum of patients with AD. CSF/serum quotient diagrams demonstrated that elevated PEDF concentrations in CSF of patients with AD are mostly due to elevated PEDF concentrations in serum. These findings underscore the importance of relating concentrations of proteins in CSF to their respective concentrations in serum to avoid erroneous interpretations of increased protein concentrations in lumbar CSF.

  14. Enhancement of Cerenkov luminescence imaging by dual excitation of Er(3+),Yb(3+)-doped rare-earth microparticles.

    PubMed

    Ma, Xiaowei; Kang, Fei; Xu, Feng; Feng, Ailing; Zhao, Ying; Lu, Tianjian; Yang, Weidong; Wang, Zhe; Lin, Min; Wang, Jing

    2013-01-01

    Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI) has been successfully utilized in various fields of preclinical studies; however, CLI is challenging due to its weak luminescent intensity and insufficient penetration capability. Here, we report the design and synthesis of a type of rare-earth microparticles (REMPs), which can be dually excited by Cerenkov luminescence (CL) resulting from the decay of radionuclides to enhance CLI in terms of intensity and penetration. Yb(3+)- and Er(3+)- codoped hexagonal NaYF4 hollow microtubes were synthesized via a hydrothermal route. The phase, morphology, and emission spectrum were confirmed for these REMPs by power X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and spectrophotometry, respectively. A commercial CCD camera equipped with a series of optical filters was employed to quantify the intensity and spectrum of CLI from radionuclides. The enhancement of penetration was investigated by imaging studies of nylon phantoms and nude mouse pseudotumor models. the REMPs could be dually excited by CL at the wavelengths of 520 and 980 nm, and the emission peaks overlaid at 660 nm. This strategy approximately doubled the overall detectable intensity of CLI and extended its maximum penetration in nylon phantoms from 5 to 15 mm. The penetration study in living animals yielded similar results. this study demonstrated that CL can dually excite REMPs and that the overlaid emissions in the range of 660 nm could significantly enhance the penetration and intensity of CL. The proposed enhanced CLI strategy may have promising applications in the future.

  15. Isolated Extranodal Natural Killer T-Cell Lymphoma of the Orbit in a Young Patient: Complete Regression with the SMILE Regimen

    PubMed Central

    Meel, Rachna; Dhiman, Rebika; Wadhwani, Meenakshi; Kashyap, Seema; Sharma, Sanjay; Gogia, Ajay

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Natural killer T-cell lymphoma (NKTL) is a highly malignant tumor that typically arises in the nose and/or paranasal sinuses. Isolated orbital involvement by NKTL is extremely rare, and only few case reports exist in the literature. Herein, we report a case of primary orbital NKTL in a young patient who showed very good response to chemotherapy with the SMILE regimen. Methods A 28-year-old healthy female presented to us with epiphora and fullness of the lower eyelid. She had previously been diagnosed as orbital pseudotumor and was prescribed oral steroids. However, there was no response to the treatment. She also had a history of recurrent sinusitis. An incision biopsy revealed NKTL. A systemic workup did not reveal any other site of involvement. The patient received 6 cycles of chemotherapy (SMILE) and external beam radiotherapy. Results The tumor showed complete regression after 2 cycles of chemotherapy. The patient is disease free at 24 months of follow-up. Conclusion Reported median survival for primary orbital NKTL is extremely poor. This is perhaps the first report of a primary orbital NKTL demonstrating a remarkable treatment response to a newer chemotherapy regimen (SMILE) in combination with radiotherapy.

  16. In Vivo Imaging of Local Gene Expression Induced by Magnetic Hyperthermia

    PubMed Central

    Sandre, Olivier; Genevois, Coralie; Garaio, Eneko; Adumeau, Laurent; Mornet, Stéphane; Couillaud, Franck

    2017-01-01

    The present work aims to demonstrate that colloidal dispersions of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles stabilized with dextran macromolecules placed in an alternating magnetic field can not only produce heat, but also that these particles could be used in vivo for local and noninvasive deposition of a thermal dose sufficient to trigger thermo-induced gene expression. Iron oxide nanoparticles were first characterized in vitro on a bio-inspired setup, and then they were assayed in vivo using a transgenic mouse strain expressing the luciferase reporter gene under transcriptional control of a thermosensitive promoter. Iron oxide nanoparticles dispersions were applied topically on the mouse skin or injected subcutaneously with Matrigel™ to generate so-called pseudotumors. Temperature was monitored continuously with a feedback loop to control the power of the magnetic field generator and to avoid overheating. Thermo-induced luciferase expression was followed by bioluminescence imaging 6 h after heating. We showed that dextran-coated magnetic iron oxide nanoparticle dispersions were able to induce in vivo mild hyperthermia compatible with thermo-induced gene expression in surrounding tissues and without impairing cell viability. These data open new therapeutic perspectives for using mild magnetic hyperthermia as noninvasive modulation of tumor microenvironment by local thermo-induced gene expression or drug release. PMID:28208731

  17. Diagnostic features of feline restrictive orbital myofibroblastic sarcoma.

    PubMed

    Bell, C M; Schwarz, T; Dubielzig, R R

    2011-05-01

    A progressive debilitating disease of the orbit and adjacent connective tissues of cats has historically been called feline orbital pseudotumor. The authors reviewed clinical, histopathologic, and diagnostic imaging features of this disease in 12 cases from the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin. The cats' ages ranged from 7 to 16 years (mean, 10.8 years). All cats had a history of severely restricted mobility of the globe and eyelids with secondary corneal disease. Eleven cats (92%) had concurrent involvement of the contralateral eye and/or the oral cavity. Diffuse scleral or episcleral thickening was seen with computed tomography in all clinically affected eyes. Histologically, an insidious infiltration of neoplastic spindle cells in the orbit, eyelids, and periorbital skin and soft tissues, with collagen deposition and a few perivascular lymphocytes, led to entrapment and restricted mobility of the eyelids and orbital tissues. The tumor failed to form a discrete mass, and it spread along fascial planes to the contralateral orbit and eyelids and/or the lips and oral cavity. In all tested cases (n = 10), neoplastic cells were immunohistochemically positive for vimentin, S100 protein, and smooth muscle actin. The authors adopted the term feline restrictive orbital myofibroblastic sarcoma to reflect the restricted mobility of the eyelids and globe and the imaging and histologic features of an invasive yet low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma.

  18. Tumefactive Fibroinflammatory Lesion: A Diagnostic Dilemma

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Promil; Sen, Rajeev; Sharma, Nisha; Bhargava, Shilpi; Singh, Virender

    2017-01-01

    Tumefactive fibroinflammatory lesions (TFLs) are rare idiopathic benign fibrosclerosing lesions that clinically simulate a malignancy. TFLs are seen more frequently in males between 10 and 74 years of age. The usual site of involvement is the head and neck region, but rarely the extremities may be involved. Coexisting fibrosclerotic processes have been reported including retroperitoneal fibrosis, sclerosing cholangitis, sclerosing mediastinal fibrosis, and orbital pseudotumors. The etiology of this poorly understood entity remains unknown. Possible suggestions include exaggerated responses or autoimmune reactions to any chronic infection. The clinical and radiological appearance of TFLs is that of malignancy, but histopathology reveals them to be a benign process broadly classified under non-neoplastic, fibroinflammatory proliferations. The treatment strategies for these lesions are not well defined and variable and include steroids, surgery, and radiotherapy either alone or in combination. TFLs, albeit not fatal, have a high recurrence rate; patients should, therefore, be kept on long-term follow-up. We describe a young female patient presenting with a rapidly developing cheek swelling, which was diagnosed histopathologically as a TFLs. PMID:28360448

  19. RNAi Trigger Delivery into Anopheles gambiae Pupae.

    PubMed

    Regna, Kimberly; Harrison, Rachel M; Heyse, Shannon A; Chiles, Thomas C; Michel, Kristin; Muskavitch, Marc A T

    2016-03-08

    RNA interference (RNAi), a naturally occurring phenomenon in eukaryotic organisms, is an extremely valuable tool that can be utilized in the laboratory for functional genomic studies. The ability to knockdown individual genes selectively via this reverse genetic technique has allowed many researchers to rapidly uncover the biological roles of numerous genes within many organisms, by evaluation of loss-of-function phenotypes. In the major human malaria vector Anopheles gambiae, the predominant method used to reduce the function of targeted genes involves injection of double-stranded (dsRNA) into the hemocoel of the adult mosquito. While this method has been successful, gene knockdown in adults excludes the functional assessment of genes that are expressed and potentially play roles during pre-adult stages, as well as genes that are expressed in limited numbers of cells in adult mosquitoes. We describe a method for the injection of Serine Protease Inhibitor 2 (SRPN2) dsRNA during the early pupal stage and validate SRPN2 protein knockdown by observing decreased target protein levels and the formation of melanotic pseudo-tumors in SRPN2 knockdown adult mosquitoes. This evident phenotype has been described previously for adult stage knockdown of SRPN2 function, and we have recapitulated this adult phenotype by SRPN2 knockdown initiated during pupal development. When used in conjunction with a dye-labeled dsRNA solution, this technique enables easy visualization by simple light microscopy of injection quality and distribution of dsRNA in the hemocoel.

  20. Optical coherence tomography: another useful tool in a neuro-ophthalmologist's armamentarium.

    PubMed

    Subei, Adnan M; Eggenberger, Eric R

    2009-11-01

    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) affords clinicians the ability to quantify the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), which is useful in managing diseases of the optic nerve. The purpose of this review is to coalesce the current literature on the use of OCT in neuro-ophthalmology to enhance its use in clinical practice. OCT's advancement into spectral domain refined its ability to measure the RNFL by increasing scanner speed. Although OCT was shown to be superior to other instruments in measuring the RNFL in certain conditions, it lacks laser polarimetry's ability to detect microtubule changes. Moreover, OCT's measurements cannot be used interchangeably with other instruments' assessments of the RNFL. OCT has been studied in several neuro-ophthalmic conditions, including anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, optic neuritis/multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, pseudotumor cerebri, migraine, optic nerve head drusen, compressive optic neuropathy, and Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy. OCT's wide use in evaluating the optic nerve and the visual system has revolutionized our assessment, management, research, and understanding of neuro-ophthalmic diseases.

  1. [Etiopathogenesis and treatment of breast capsular contracture].

    PubMed

    Pereira Leite, Luis; Correia Sá, Inês; Marques, Marisa

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: A contractura capsular é a complicação crónica mais frequente da mamoplastia de aumento com próteses mamárias e a principal causa de insatisfação da doente e do cirurgião plástico. A cápsula mamária consiste num tecido fibroso que circunda a prótese e que pode contrair, alterando a forma e a consistência da mama. No estádio mais avançado é acompanhada de deformidade acentuada, rigidez e dor, tendo indicação para tratamento cirúrgico.Material e Métodos: Foram revistos todos os artigos indexados na PubMed através da pesquisa ‘capsular contracture’ (2000 - Janeiro 2012), dos quais foram inseridos os artigos de maior interesse em termos de etiologia, profilaxia e tratamento. Artigos referenciados em publicações relevantes foram também analisados.Resultados: Tudo indica que a sua etiologia é multifactorial; a etiopatogenia da contractura capsular mamária continua a ser alvo de múltipla investigação pré-clínica. Vários são os estudos realizados de forma a prevenir a ocorrência de contractura capsular e, embora os resultados sejam promissores, pouco está definido em termos da sua aplicação na prática clínica. Relativamente ao tratamento a capsulectomia/capsulotomia continua a ser o gold-standard, no entanto o futuro poderá passar por técnicas não invasivas, pelo menos em estádios mais leves da doença.Conclusão: Apesar das técnicas cirúrgicas e a qualidade das próteses mamárias terem vindo a melhorar drasticamente nos últimos anos, a contractura capsular mamária mantém-se uma complicação real, com incidência elevada e que continua a afectar milhares de mulheres no mundo.

  2. High blood metal ion levels in 19 of 22 patients with metal-on-metal hinge knee replacements

    PubMed Central

    Laitinen, Minna; Nieminen, Jyrki; Reito, Aleksi; Pakarinen, Toni-Karri; Suomalainen, Piia; Pamilo, Konsta; Parkkinen, Jyrki; Lont, Tonis; Eskelinen, Antti

    2017-01-01

    Background and purpose There has been increasing alarm regarding metal-on-metal (MoM) joint replacements leading to elevated levels of metal ions and adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMDs). There is little information available concerning the prevalence of and risk factors for these adverse reactions, except with MoM hip joint replacements. We determined the levels of metal ions in blood and the rate of revision due to ARMDs in patients treated with MoM hinge total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Patients and methods 22 patients with TKAs and MoM hinge connecting mechanisms were studied for whole-blood chromium and cobalt levels at 6 months, 1 year, and/or ≥2 years after surgery. Possible ARMDs were investigated by MRI. 12 patients with TKAs and metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) connecting mechanisms served as controls. Results The cobalt levels were over 5 ppb in 19 of the 22 patients in the MoM group and in 1 of the 12 patients in the MoP group. The chromium levels were over 5 ppb in 11 of the 22 patients in the MoM group and in none of the 12 patients in the MoP group. Pseudotumors were operated in 4 of the 22 patients in the MoM group and in none of the patients in the MoP group. Interpretation Our results clearly show that the MoM hinge TKA carries a high risk of increased levels of systemic metal ions and also local ARMD, leading to complicated knee revisions. We therefore discourage the use of MoM hinge TKA. PMID:28122467

  3. Treatable high homocysteine alone or in concert with five other thrombophilias in 1014 patients with thrombotic events.

    PubMed

    Glueck, Charles J; Smith, Domonique; Gandhi, Niral; Hemachandra, Kailash; Shah, Parth; Wang, Ping

    2015-10-01

    In 1014 patients with thrombotic events, we determined how often treatable high serum homocysteine alone, or in concert with five other thrombophilias, was associated with thrombotic events. We studied 1014 outpatients sequentially referred for evaluation of thrombotic events, all having six measures of thrombophilia--three PCR (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T-A1298C, factor V Leiden G506A, prothrombin G20210A), and three serologic (factors VIII, XI, homocysteine). Of the 1014 patients, 198 (20%) had atherothrombosis, 199 (20%) ocular vascular thrombosis, 211 (21%) osteonecrosis, 180 (18%) pseudotumor cerebri, and 123 (12%) recurrent miscarriage. In 434 of 1014 (43%) patients, all six thrombophilic measures were normal. High homocysteine, present in 126 of 1014 patients (12.4%), was the sole thrombophilia in 50 (5%), accompanied only by methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase homozygosity-compound heterozygosity in 22 (2.2%), and accompanied by other thrombophilias in 54 (5%). Patients were more likely than 110 healthy controls to have high homocysteine (12 vs. 5%; P = 0.02) and high factor VIII (21 vs. 7%; P = 0.0003). On treatment for a median of 18 months with L-methyl folate (5 mg), vitamin B6 (100 mg), and vitamin B12 (2 mg/day), in 74 homocysteinemic patients, median homocysteine fell from 15.6 to 10.0 μmol/l (P < 0.0001), and in 56 (76%), homocysteine fell to normal on treatment. When homocysteinemia was the sole thrombophilia, normalization of homocysteine was accompanied by freedom from new thrombotic events in 38 of 41 patients (93%). In evaluation of 1014 patients with thrombotic events, 126 (12%) had treatable high serum homocysteine, and in 50 (5%), high homocysteine was the sole treatable thrombophilia.

  4. Self-injection of household cleaning detergents into a ventriculoperitoneal shunt reservoir during a suicide attempt: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Signorelli, Jason W; Osbun, Joshua W; Arias, Eric J; Reynolds, Lauren C; Chyatte, Douglas; Reynolds, Matthew R

    2016-09-01

    Self-injection of household cleaning detergents (more specifically, commercial toilet bowl cleaner) into the reservoir of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) has never been reported in the neurosurgical literature. A right-handed 41-year-old female with a past medical history significant for bipolar depression (with multiple prior hospital admissions for suicide attempts) and pseudotumor cerebri (status-post VPS placement from a right frontal approach) successfully injected ∼5 ml of toilet bowl cleaner into her ventricular shunt reservoir during a suicide attempt. She was found unresponsive by a family member 48 h after this event and presented to our hospital in moribund neurological condition (bilaterally fixed and dilated pupils with decerebrate posturing). Head computed tomography (CT) demonstrated marked ventriculomegaly. She was taken emergently to the operating room for placement of a left frontal ventriculostomy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sampled intraoperatively showed numerous Gram-positive cocci (later determined to be Staphylococcus epidermidis). For this reason, her right-sided shunt system was also removed in its entirety. She was treated with broad-spectrum intravenous and intraventricular antibiotics for her bacterial ventriculitis and her CSF was aggressively drained to treat her hydrocephalus. Once her infection had resolved, the shunt was replaced (using a right parietal approach) and she went on to make an excellent neurological recovery. Here, the authors present the case of a patient who self-injected household cleaning detergents into her VPS reservoir-and, likely, the ventricular system-during a suicide attempt and subsequently developed hydrocephalus and ventriculitis. Following this infrequent clinical scenario, consideration should be given to temporary ventriculostomy placement and shunt removal. Moreover, in patients with a known history of psychiatric co-morbidities-and particularly those patients with prior suicide attempts

  5. Factors associated with retro-odontoid soft-tissue thickness in rheumatoid arthritis.

    PubMed

    Dohzono, Sho; Suzuki, Akinobu; Koike, Tatsuya; Takahashi, Shinji; Yamada, Kentaro; Yasuda, Hiroyuki; Nakamura, Hiroaki

    2016-11-01

    OBJECTIVE Increasing soft-tissue mass posterior to the odontoid process causes spinal cord compression. Retro-odontoid pseudotumors are considered to be associated with atlantoaxial instability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the exact mechanism by which these lesions develop has not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships between retro-odontoid soft-tissue (ROST) thickness and radiological findings or clinical data in patients with RA. METHODS A total of 201 patients with RA who had been followed up at the outpatient clinic of the authors' institution were enrolled in this study. ROST thickness was evaluated on midsagittal T1-weighted MRI. The correlations between ROST thickness and radiographic findings or clinical data on RA were examined. The independent factors related to ROST thickness were analyzed using stepwise multiple regression analysis. RESULTS The average thickness of ROST was 3.0 ± 1.4 mm. ROST thickness showed an inverse correlation with disease duration (r = -0.329, p < 0.01), Steinbrocker stage (r = -0.284, p < 0.01), the atlantodental interval (ADI) in the neutral position (r = -0.326, p < 0.01), the ADI in the flexion position (r = -0.383, p < 0.01), and the ADI in the extension position (r = -0.240, p < 0.01). On stepwise multiple regression analysis, ADI in the flexion position and Steinbrocker stage were independent factors associated with ROST thickness. CONCLUSIONS Although the correlations were not strong, ROST thickness in patients with RA was inversely correlated with ADI and Steinbrocker stage. In other words, ROST thickness tends to be smaller as atlantoaxial instability and peripheral joint destruction worsen. Clinical trial registration no.: UMIN000000980 (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry).

  6. Radiation dose to the lens and cataract formation

    SciTech Connect

    Henk, J.M.; Whitelocke, R.A.F.; Warrington, A.P.; Bessell, E.M. )

    1993-04-02

    The purpose of this work was to determine the radiation tolerance of the lens of the eye and the incidence of radiation-induced lens changes in patients treated by fractionated supervoltage radiation therapy for orbital tumors. Forty patients treated for orbital lymphoma and pseudotumor with tumor doses of 20--40 Gy were studied. The lens was partly shielded using lead cylinders in most cases. The dose to the germinative zone of the lens was estimated by measurements in a tissue equivalent phantom using both film densitometry and thermoluminescent dosimetry. Opthalmological examination was performed at 6 monthly intervals after treatment. The lead shield was found to reduce the dose to the germinative zone of the lens to between 36--50% of the tumor dose for Cobalt beam therapy, and to between 11--18% for 5 MeV x-rays. Consequently, the lens doses were in the range 4.5--30 Gy in 10--20 fractions. Lens opacities first appeared from between 3 and 9 years after irradiation. Impairment of visual acuity ensued in 74% of the patients who developed lens opacities. The incidence of lens changes was strongly dose-related. None was seen after doses of 5 Gy or lower, whereas doses of 16.5 Gy or higher were all followed by lens opacities which impaired visual acuity. The largest number of patients received a maximum lens dose of 15 Gy; in this group the actuarial incidence of lens opacities at 8 years was 57% with visual impairment in 38%. The adult lens can tolerate a total dose of 5 Gy during a fractionated course of supervoltage radiation therapy without showing any changes. Doses of 16.5 Gy or higher will almost invariably lead to visual impairment. The dose which causes a 50% probability of visual impairment is approximately 15 Gy. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  7. IgG4-related cardiovascular disease. The emerging role of cardiovascular imaging.

    PubMed

    Mavrogeni, Sophie; Markousis-Mavrogenis, George; Kolovou, Genovefa

    2017-01-01

    Immunoglobulin 4-related disease (IgG4-related disease) is a systemic inflammatory disease that presents with increases of serum IgG4. It may affect various systems, including the cardiovascular (CV) system. Assessment of serum IgG4 levels and involved organ biopsy are necessary for diagnosis. IgG4-related disease is characterized by fibrosclerosis, lymphocytic infiltration and presence of IgG4-positive plasma cells. The disease usually responds to treatment with corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressive medication. CV involvement may manifest as cardiac pseudotumors, inflammatory periaortitis, coronary arteritis and/or pericarditis. IgG4-related cardiovascular disorders can severely affect patient prognosis. Various imaging techniques, including echocardiography, Computed Tomography (CT), 18FDG-PET, Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) and cardiac catheterisation, have been successfully used for early disease detection and follow-up. Echocardiography and vascular ultrasound are the most commonly used non-invasive, non-radiating imaging techniques for the evaluation of IgG4-related CV disease. Periaortitis/periarteritis can be also assessed by CT, showing a soft tissue thickening around arteries. Coronary artery aneurysms can be easily diagnosed by coronary CT. In case of active periarterial or coronary artery inflammation, 18FDG-PET will show FDG uptake at the area of the lesion. CMR, due to its capability to perform function and tissue characterisation, can offer an integrated imaging of aorta, coronary arteries and the heart, assessment of disease acuity, extent of fibrosis and guide further treatment. However, multimodality imaging may be necessary for assessment of disease activity and fibrosis extent in those cases with multifocal CV involvement.

  8. Myocardial ischemia as presenting manifestation of IgG4-related disease: a case-based review.

    PubMed

    Delgado-García, Guillermo; Sánchez-Salazar, Sergio; Rendón-Ramírez, Erick; Castro-Medina, Mario; Sáenz-Ibarra, Bárbara; Barboza-Quintana, Álvaro; Loredo-Alanis, María Azalea; Hernández-Barajas, David; Galarza-Delgado, Dionicio

    2016-11-01

    Coronary involvement in IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) has been scarcely reported, and myocardial ischemia as its presenting feature is even rarer. Here, we describe an additional case with novel and relevant observations. The patient was a previously healthy, middle-aged woman who presented to the clinic with new-onset typical angina. One tumefactive lesion encasing the left anterior descending artery was found during her workup. The most common underlying malignancies with secondary cardiac involvement were rationally ruled out. Symptoms persisted despite medical treatment, and she was therefore referred to surgery. Tumor excision was successfully performed, and she received coronary bypass grafting. IgG4-related coronary arteritis with pseudotumor formation was subsequently diagnosed following the comprehensive diagnostic criteria. This condition was clinically classified as active and circulating plasmablasts were found to be increased (5480/mL), even when these were determined 38 days after surgery. A PET/CT revealed an additional hypermetabolic lymph node. She was therefore treated with rituximab as induction therapy (two 1000 mg doses, administered 15 days apart). Three months later, her disease remained clinically inactive. Circulating plasmablasts were repeated and these had dropped to 0/mL. We thereafter review the current and pertinent literature on the topic, emphasizing the previous cases with similar presenting features (n = 7). We lastly suggest that IgG4-RD should be part of the differential diagnosis of any patient with tumefactive lesions surrounding the coronary arteries, since it can initially presented as sudden cardiac death.

  9. Clinicoradiological appraisal of ‘paraduodenal pancreatitis’: Pancreatitis outside the pancreas!

    PubMed Central

    Arora, Ankur; Rajesh, S; Mukund, Amar; Patidar, Yashwant; Thapar, Shalini; Arora, Asit; Bhatia, Vikram

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Paraduodenal pancreatitis (PP) is a unique form of focal chronic pancreatitis that selectively involves the duodenum and aberrant pancreatic tissue located near the minor papilla (beyond the pancreas proper). The pseudotumoral nature of the disease often generates considerable clinical quandary and patient apprehension, and therefore merits a better understanding. The present study appraises the clinicoradiological manifestations of PP in 33 patients. Materials and Methods: Clinical, laboratory, and radiological manifestations of 33 patients of PP treated in gastroenterology/hepatology and hepato-pancreatico-biliary surgery units during June 2010-August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: All patients were young to middle-aged men (100%) with history of alcohol abuse (93.9%) and/or smoking (42.4%), who presented either with acute or gradually worsening abdominal pain (90.9%). Pancreatic enzymes and serum tumor markers remained normal or were mildly/transiently elevated. Cystic variant was detected in 57.6% (solid in 42.4%); the disease remained confined to the groove/duodenum (pure form) in 45.4%. Medial duodenal wall thickening with increased enhancement was seen in 87.87 and 81.81%, respectively, and duodenal/paraduodenal cysts were seen in 78.78%. Pancreatic calcifications and biliary stricture were seen 27.3% patients. Peripancreatic arteries were neither infiltrated nor encased. Conclusion: PP has a discrete predilection for middle-aged men with history of longstanding alcohol abuse and/or smoking. Distinguishing imaging findings include thickening of the pancreatic side of duodenum exhibiting increased enhancement with intramural/paraduodenal cysts. This may be accompanied by plate-like scar tissue in the groove region, which may simulate groove pancreatic carcinoma. However, as opposed to carcinoma, the peripancreatic arteries are neither infiltrated nor encased, rather are medially displaced. PMID:26288527

  10. Use of lumboperitoneal shunts with the Strata NSC valve: a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Toma, Ahmed K; Dherijha, Muhammad; Kitchen, Neil D; Watkins, Laurence D

    2010-12-01

    The lumboperitoneal (LP) shunt with the adjustable PS Medical Strata NSC LP valve and small lumen peritoneal catheter was introduced in the authors' unit in 2007. The object of this study was to audit the unit's experience with this new shunt system. The authors performed a retrospective review of the clinical records of patients who underwent Strata NSC LP shunt insertion. Demographic and clinical data as well as information about complications and revisions were reported. Between August 2007 and November 2009, 20 patients underwent placement of an LP shunt with an adjustable Strata NSC valve and small lumen peritoneal catheter at the authors' institution. Their mean age was 40.3 years and the mean duration of follow-up was 12 months. Preoperatively, 18 patients had headache and 15 patients had visual signs and symptoms. Fourteen of the 18 patients with preoperative headache did not complain of headache postoperatively, and 4 had headache that was found not to be related to shunt function. Two of the patients with preoperative visual complaints had ongoing visual problems postoperatively. None of the patients had infection or subdural hematoma. The only overdrainage symptoms occurred in association with spontaneous readjustment of the valve and resolved when the valve was reset. Thirteen patients (65%) did not require shunt revision. Seven patients (35%) required 13 shunt exploration or revision procedures, mainly due to distal obstruction. Placement of an LP shunt failed to completely resolve the raised intracranial pressure problem in 2 patients. The use of the Strata NSC valve and small lumen peritoneal catheter is effective in treating pseudotumor cerebri and is beneficial in terms of markedly reducing overdrainage complications compared with other reported series of cases in which an LP shunt has been placed. However, the use of the Strata NSC valve and small lumen peritoneal catheter did not have a marked impact on other causes of shunt failure, particularly

  11. Biotherapies in inflammatory ocular disorders: Interferons, immunoglobulins, monoclonal antibodies.

    PubMed

    Saadoun, D; Bodaghi, B; Bienvenu, B; Wechsler, B; Sene, D; Trad, S; Abad, S; Cacoub, P; Kodjikian, L; Sève, P

    2013-05-01

    Biotherapies used in clinical practice for the treatment of ophthalmologic manifestations of systemic diseases include interferons (IFN), intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) and monoclonal antibodies (anti-TNF, anakinra, tocilizumab and rituximab). Several open prospective studies have shown the effectiveness of IFN-α (78 to 98% complete remission) for the treatment of severe uveitis in Behcet's disease. IFN is capable of inducing prolonged remission and continued after his arrest, in 20-40% of patients. Side effects (flu-like, psychological effects) limit its use in practice. Anti-TNFα (infliximab and adalimumab) represents an attractive alternative therapeutic in severe uveitis refractory to immunosuppressants, especially in Behcet's disease. They are almost always (>90% of cases) and rapidly effective but their action is often suspensive. Anti-TNFα requires an extended prescription or takes over from another immunosuppressant once ocular inflammation has been controlled. IVIG are used for the treatment of Kawasaki disease and Birdshot disease. Several open or retrospective studies showed their effectiveness for the treatment of severe and refractory cicatricial pemphigoid. Tolerance of IVIG is good but their efficacy is transient. Rituximab showed an efficacy in few observations of various inflammatory eye diseases (uveitis, scleritis and idiopathic inflammatory pseudo-tumors or associated with granulomatosis with polyangiitis) and cicatricial pemphigoid. The risk of infection associated with this biotherapy limits its use in refractory diseases to conventional therapy. Anakinra (a soluble antagonist of IL-1R) showed interesting results in terms of efficiency in one small open study in Behcet's disease. Its safety profile is good and with a quick action that could be interesting for the treatment of severe uveitis.

  12. Spontaneous regression of retro-odontoid post traumatic cicatrix following occipitocervical fixation

    PubMed Central

    Sinha, Priyank; Lee, Ming-Te; Panbehchi, Sasan; Saxena, Ankur; Pal, Debasish

    2017-01-01

    This case report describes a patient who presented with myelopathy secondary to a large retro-odontoid post traumatic cicatrix. The objective of this study was to discuss the clinical presentation, pathogenesis, imaging, and surgical management of pseudoarthrosis tissue mass associated with odontoid nonunion. Atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) has been widely reported in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. AAS leads to repeated cycles of partial tear and repair of ligaments around the altantoaxial complex, resulting in the formation of periodontoid mass (pseudotumor). It is thought that formation of retro-odontoid post traumatic mass (cicatrix), in certain cases of odontoid fracture, is because of similar pathology. This is a retrospective review of case note. Here, the patient underwent posterior decompression through a C1–C2 laminectomy and occipitocervical (C0–C4) fusion with instrumentation, which resulted in dramatic improvement in his symptoms and spontaneous regression of retro-odontoid post traumatic cicatrix. We have described an interesting and a rare case of a large pseudoarthrosis tissue mass associated with odontoid nonunion, which regressed following stand-alone posterior instrumentation. To the best of our knowledge, only a handful of such cases of spontaneous regression of retro-odontoid post traumatic cicatrix following occipitocervical fixation have been described in literature, and our case adds to the growing list of such cases and may help in understanding the natural history of the disease process one day. Although rare, post traumatic cicatrix should be considered as a differential diagnosis of enhancing retro-odontoid mass, especially if there is any history of cervical spine trauma.

  13. [Design of an unconventional interlocked hip arthroplasty system (RIMAG) from Mexican femoral measurement].

    PubMed

    Martínez, Genaro Rico; Domínguez, Víctor H; Muller, José Antonio; Cedillo, Ernesto A Delgado; Roa, Josué Antonio Miranda; Montoya, Roberto C

    2008-01-01

    The need in resolving massive bone losses in hip region caused by tumors, infections, trauma or failed arthroplasties in 17 years of the Bone Tumors Department of the National Rehabilitation Institute, Mexico City, and data obtained from different studies: 1) Biomechanic study of an unconventional hip arthroplasty system, 2) Tridimensional model of a human femur by the finite element method, 3) Biomechanical analysis of a system bone-implant for reconstruction of the proximal third of the femur by the finite element method, 4) Incidence of tumor and pseudotumor bone and soft tissue lesions of the hip, generated the project of designing an unconventional interlocked hip arthroplasty system for femur reconstruction. Two processes were done for adequate manufacturing and dimensioning: Anthropomorphometric study of Mexican femora; 2) Design of an unconventional hip arthroplasty system with the following characteristics: first, the arthroplasty system is constituted by an intramedullar stem, is fixated to femur with interlocking screws, this fixation method was inspired from the design of intramedullar nails of Dr. Fernando Colchero Rosas. The system has a second fixation system in the femur cut region, resolved by a fenestrated support introduced in the cortical wall. Once data was processed, the need for manufacturing 2 models was determined: 1) One for the proximal 11 cm of the femur and 2) other for the 12 distal cm. The height of interlocking screws, 2 models of intracortical proximal support (one fixated and one fixable with an expansible screw), were designed. Diameter, length of the stems, size of spacers and supports were determined for adequate interlocking fixation. We designed the instruments for assembling, impaction and orientation of the arthroplasty system. The system was presented to the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property, at March 15, 1996 and the patent was conceded April 19, 2007 (#245717).

  14. Primary ophthalmic rhabdomyosarcoma in 33 patients.

    PubMed Central

    Shields, C L; Shields, J A; Honavar, S G; Demirci, H

    2001-01-01

    PURPOSE: To review the findings, management, and outcome in 33 cases of primary ophthalmic rhabdomyosarcoma. METHODS: The records of 33 consecutive patients from a single ocular oncology center were analyzed retrospectively for outcomes of final visual acuity, local recurrence, and distant metastasis. RESULTS: Rhabdomyosarcoma was primarily located in the orbit m 25 cases (76%), conjunctiva in 4 (12%), eyelid in 1 (3%), and uveal tract in 3 (9%). Findings had been present for a mean of 5 weeks and included proptosis in 10 patients (30%), eyelid swelling in 7 (21%), and blepharoptosis in 6 (18%). The initial diagnoses before referral to us included primarily rhabdomyosarcoma in 8 cases (24%), conjunctivitis in 5 (15%), cellulitis in 5 (15%), and pseudotumor in 4 (12%). Tumors were classified according to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group staging and treatment protocols as group I in 4 cases (12%), group II in 12 (36%), group III in 16 (48%), and group IV in 1 case (3%). Treatment included surgical debulking, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Local tumor recurrence was detected in 6 patients (18%), lymph node spread in 2 (6%), and distant metastasis in 2 (6%). Long-term visual outcome of the 28 patients who maintained their globe was 20/20 to 20/40 in 11 patients (39%), 20/50 to 20/100 in 5 (18%), and 20/200 or worse in 12 (43%). Mean follow-up was 8.3 years; tumor-related death occurred in 1 patients (3%). CONCLUSIONS: Rhabdomyosarcoma can present in the orbit, eyelid, conjunctiva, and uveal tract. Following treatment, local tumor recurrence occurs in 18% of cases, metastasis in 6%, and death in 3%. PMID:11797301

  15. Epidemiology of adult-onset hydrocephalus: institutional experience with 2001 patients.

    PubMed

    Bir, Shyamal C; Patra, Devi Prasad; Maiti, Tanmoy K; Sun, Hai; Guthikonda, Bharat; Notarianni, Christina; Nanda, Anil

    2016-09-01

    OBJECTIVE Adult-onset hydrocephalus is not commonly discussed in the literature, especially regarding its demographic distribution. In contrast to pediatric hydrocephalus, which is related to a primary CSF pathway defect, its development in adults is often secondary to other pathologies. In this study, the authors investigated the epidemiology of adult-onset hydrocephalus as it pertains to different etiologies and in reference to age, sex, and race distributions. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical notes of 2001 patients with adult-onset hydrocephalus who presented to Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center within a 25-year span. Significant differences between the groups were analyzed by a chi-square test; p < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS The overall mean (± SEM) incidence of adult hydrocephalus in this population was 77 ± 30 per year, with a significant increase in incidence in the past decade (55 ± 3 [1990-2003] vs 102 ± 6 [2004-2015]; p < 0.0001). Hydrocephalus in a majority of the patients had a vascular etiology (45.5%) or was a result of a tumor (30.2%). The incidence of hydrocephalus in different age groups varied according to various pathologies. The incidence was significantly higher in males with normal-pressure hydrocephalus (p = 0.03) or head injury (p = 0.01) and higher in females with pseudotumor cerebri (p < 0.0001). In addition, the overall incidence of hydrocephalus was significantly higher in Caucasian patients (p = 0.0002) than in those of any other race. CONCLUSIONS Knowledge of the demographic variations in adult-onset hydrocephalus is helpful in achieving better risk stratification and better managing the disease in patients. For general applicability, these results should be validated in a large-scale meta-analysis based on a national population database.

  16. Risk of Cerebral Embolization with Caseous Calcification of the Mitral Annulus: Review Article

    PubMed Central

    Dietl, Charles A.; Hawthorn, Christopher M.; Raizada, Veena

    2016-01-01

    Background: Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is believed to have a benign prognosis. Several authors have recommended conservative management in asymptomatic patients. However, the prevalence of cerebrovascular events (CVE) in patients with CCMA has never been evaluated before. The aims of this study are to investigate whether patients with CCMA are at increased risk of cerebral embolization, and to determine whether elective surgical resection of CCMA should be considered to prevent a cardioembolic stroke. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was obtained from MEDLINE via PubMed.gov, ScienceDirect.com, and Google Scholar using the following search queries: caseous calcification of the mitral annulus, intracardiac pseudotumor, mitral annular calcification, and cardioembolic stroke. Results: From our initial search that yielded 1,502 articles, we identified a total of 130 patients with CCMA reported in 86 publications. Literature review revealed that the prevalence of CVE associated with CCMA is 19.2% (25 of 130) which is significantly higher than the prevalence of CVE reported with mitral annular calcification (MAC), 11.8% (214 of 1818) (range 4.8% to 24.1%) (P = 0.01796) (odds ratio = 1.78; 0.95 confidence interval = 1.1278 – 2.8239). Only four of 25 (16.0%) patients with CCMA who suffered a CVE had history of atrial fibrillation (AF). Conclusion: Based on our review, it would be reasonable to consider elective surgical resection of CCMA in asymptomatic patients who are good surgical candidates, because patients with CCMA may be at increased risk of embolic strokes, which are unrelated to AF. PMID:27990181

  17. Endoscopic-approach development for minimally invasive orbital surgery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joos, Karen; Shah, Rohan; Shen, Jin

    2007-02-01

    Purpose: Orbital tumors and pseudotumor cerebri are sometimes treated with surgical approaches. Our previous studies suggest that potentially endoscopy may be useful for minimally invasive orbital surgery. This study proposed to improve the approach technique for accessing the posterior orbital space via endoscopy, as well as assess visibility improvements with CO II insufflation to posterior orbital tissues. Methods: An inferior transconjunctival approach accessed the posterior orbital space in non-survival pigs. Various guidance tubes were compared to assess ability to guide the endoscope to the posterior orbit with the greatest ease and visibility. FEL energy application (6.1 μm, 2.7 +/- 0.5 mJ, 30 Hz, delivered via glass-hollow waveguide) was attempted via endoscopy. The effect of CO II gas insufflation was assessed by analyzing visibility of the stuctures before and after CO II application. Results: The posterior orbit was accessed via endoscopy in all except the first attempted eye. A beveled transparent butyrate tube provided the best guidance for the endoscope and an opaque metal tube provided the worst guidance. The optic nerve was encountered and FEL energy was applied with the butyrate tube in 8 orbits. Visibility was adequate without CO II insufflation, and did not improve with CO II. Conclusions: The posterior orbit was successfully accessed using endoscopy. The optic nerve was exposed and treated with FEL energy. CO II insufflation did not further enhance visibility in this study. Application of endoscopy for posterior orbital procedures is feasible, but extreme surgical care is required and further study with human cadaveric eyes is needed.

  18. A rare case of fever of unknown origin: inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the liver. Case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Kruth, Jens; Michaely, Henrik; Trunk, Markus; Niedergethmann, Marco; Rupf, Ann-Katrin; Krämer, Bernhard K; Göttmann, Uwe

    2012-12-01

    We present the case of a rare cause of fever of unknown origin (FUO). FUO is challenging for patients as well as for physicians as there are more than 200 differential diagnoses of FUO (1,2). Pointing out a diagnosis often requires numerous noninvasive and invasive procedures that sometimes even fail to explain the fever. Our patient was admitted twice to our hospital due to remitting fever rising up to 40 degrees C without any subjective discomfort. At the first presentation no clinical focus could be identified. This included the examination of multiple blood and urine cultures, serology, autoimmune serology, transesophageal echocardiography, CT-scan of the lung and the abdomen, and bone scintigraphy. Elevated C-reactive protein (268 mg/l) decreased spontaneously and fever disappeared after 4 weeks. However, the patient was re-admitted 4 months later with identical symptoms. Multiple blood and urine cultures, serology, bone marrow examination, CT-scan of the lung and the abdomen, esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy and colonoscopy still showed no pathological findings. MRI-scan of the abdomen identified a liver tumor of 3.3 cm in diameter in segment 6 without typical signs of an adenoma, focal nodular hyperplasia or hepatocellular carcinoma. Biopsy of the suspect liver lesion revealed an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (inflammatory pseudotumor). After surgical resection of the tumor elevated inflammation markers as C-reactive protein normalized and fever disappeared. One year after surgery no more episodes of fever re-occurred. An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the liver can be a rare cause of fever of unknown origin. MRI-scan can be an additional imaging tool to identify previously not recognized liver tumors.

  19. A pilot study evaluating real-time shear wave ultrasound elastography of miscellaneous non-nodal neck masses in a routine head and neck ultrasound clinic.

    PubMed

    Bhatia, Kunwar S S; Yuen, Edmund H Y; Cho, Carmen C M; Tong, Cina S L; Lee, Yolanda Y P; Ahuja, Anil T

    2012-06-01

    A pilot study was performed to evaluate shear wave ultrasound elastography (SWE) for miscellaneous non-nodal/salivary/thyroid neck lesions. Forty-six lesions undergoing conventional sonography also underwent SWE. Elastic moduli from the stiffest areas in lesions were correlated with diagnosis. Forty lesions were benign (9 lipomas, 8 lymphatic/venous vascular malformations, 7 thyroglossal duct cysts, 4 branchial cleft cysts, 4 abscesses/phlegmons, 3 neurogenic tumors and 1 each of paraganglioma, sebaceous cyst, pseudotumor, hypertrophic scar, ranula) and 6 were malignant (1 malignant fibrous histiocytoma, 2 primary squamous cell carcinomas and 3 intramuscular metastases [2 squamous cell carcinomas, 1 malignant melanoma]).Median stiffness of malignant lesions (226.4 kPa, range 55.6 to 300.0) was higher than benign lesions (28.3 kPa, range 4.0 to 300.0) (p < 0.001). SWE cut-off with highest accuracy (174.4 kPa) achieved 83.3% sensitivity and 97.5% specificity, and the cut-off with 100% sensitivity (55.6 kPa) achieved 75% specificity. All malignant lesions were suspected on conventional sonography. The preliminary data indicate that SWE is feasible for miscellaneous neck lesions. SWE would not have altered management in terms of detecting undisclosed malignancies, although as a quantitative technique, it may increase the diagnostic confidence of less experienced operators performing head and neck ultrasound. Copyright © 2012 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Technetium tc 99m-labeled red blood cells in the preoperative diagnosis of cavernous hemangioma and other vascular orbital tumors.

    PubMed

    Polito, Ennio; Burroni, Luca; Pichierri, Patrizia; Loffredo, Antonio; Vattimo, Angelo G

    2005-12-01

    To evaluate technetium Tc 99m (99mTc) red blood cell scintigraphy as a diagnostic tool for orbital cavernous hemangioma and to differentiate between orbital masses on the basis of their vascularization. We performed 99mTc red blood cell scintigraphy on 23 patients (8 female and 15 male; mean age, 47 years) affected by an orbital mass previously revealed with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and suggesting cavernous hemangioma. In our diagnosis, we considered the orbital increase delayed uptake with the typical scintigraphic pattern known as perfusion blood pool mismatch. The patients underwent biopsy or surgical treatment with transconjunctival cryosurgical extraction when possible. Single-photon emission tomography (SPET) showed intense focal uptake in the orbit corresponding to radiologic findings in 11 patients who underwent surgical treatment and pathologic evaluation (9 cavernous hemangiomas, 1 hemangiopericytoma, and 1 lymphangioma). Clinical or histologic examination of the remaining 22 patients revealed the presence of 5 lymphoid pseudotumors, 2 lymphomas, 2 pleomorphic adenomas of the lacrimal gland, 1 astrocytoma, 1 ophthalmic vein thrombosis, and 1 orbital varix. The confirmation of the preoperative diagnosis by 99mTc red blood cell scintigraphy shows that this technique is a reliable tool for differentiating cavernous hemangiomas from other orbital masses (sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 86%) when ultrasound, CT, and MRI are not diagnostic. Unfortunately, 99mTc red blood cell scintigraphy results were positive in 1 patient with hemangiopericytoma and 1 patient with lymphangioma, which showed increased uptake in the lesion on SPET images because of the vascular nature of these tumors. Therefore, in these cases, the SPET images have to be integrated with data regarding clinical preoperative evaluation and CT scans or MRI studies. On the basis of our study, a complete diagnostic picture, CT scans or MRI studies, and

  1. Best Practice Updates for Pediatric/Adolescent Weight Loss Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Pratt, Janey S.A.; Lenders, Carine M.; Dionne, Emily A.; Hoppin, Alison G.; Hsu, George L.K.; Inge, Thomas H.; Lawlor, David F.; Marino, Margaret F.; Meyers, Alan F.; Rosenblum, Jennifer L.; Sanchez, Vivian M.

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study is to update evidence-based best practice guidelines for pediatric/adolescent weight loss surgery (WLS). We performed a systematic search of English-language literature on WLS and pediatric, adolescent, gastric bypass, laparoscopic gastric banding, and extreme obesity published between April 2004 and May 2007 in PubMed, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library. Keywords were used to narrow the search for a selective review of abstracts, retrieval of full articles, and grading of evidence according to systems used in established evidence-based models. In light of evidence on the natural history of obesity and on outcomes of WLS in adolescents, guidelines for surgical treatment of obesity in this age group need to be updated. We recommend modification of selection criteria to include adolescents with BMI ≥ 35 and specific obesity-related comorbidities for which there is clear evidence of important short-term morbidity (i.e., type 2 diabetes, severe steatohepatitis, pseudotumor cerebri, and moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea). In addition, WLS should be considered for adolescents with extreme obesity (BMI ≥ 40) and other comorbidities associated with long-term risks. We identified >1,085 papers; 186 of the most relevant were reviewed in detail. Regular updates of evidence-based recommendations for best practices in pediatric/adolescent WLS are required to address advances in technology and the growing evidence base in pediatric WLS. Key considerations in patient safety include carefully designed criteria for patient selection, multidisciplinary evaluation, choice of appropriate procedure, thorough screening and management of comorbidities, optimization of long-term compliance, and age-appropriate fully informed consent. PMID:19396070

  2. A Comparative Study of Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumors and Tumefactive IgG4-related Inflammatory Lesions: the Relevance of IgG4 Plasma Cells.

    PubMed

    Chougule, Abhijit; Bal, Amanjit; Das, Ashim; Agarwal, Ritesh; Singh, Navneet; Rao, Katragadda L N

    IgG4-related disease is a recently recognized systemic condition characterized by tumefactive lesions at various sites. Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT), a tumefactive mass lesion with an unknown etiology, belongs to the spectrum of IgG4-related disease. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT), previously considered under the umbrella of IPT, is now classified as a clonal neoplasm. Previously, both the terms were used interchangeably, because of overlapping morphologic features. This study was carried out to compare the morphologic and the immunohistochemical features of these entities and to study the role of IgG4 in their pathogenesis. Thirty-nine cases comprising of IMT (n=18) and IPT (n=21) were retrieved, and their clinical, morphologic, and immunohistochemical features were studied. IMT was more common in children as compared with IPT. IMT cases showed the proliferation of myofibroblastic cells accompanied by a variable inflammatory infiltrate, whereas IPT cases showed predominantly stromal fibrosis and a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate with a subset of cases showing a storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase-1 (ALK-1) was positive in 12 of the 18 (66.7%) IMT cases, whereas none of the IPT cases showed ALK-1 immunoreactivity. IPT cases showed significantly increased IgG4+ plasma cells (mean, 127.8/high-power fields vs. 17.8/high-power fields) and a higher IgG4/IgG ratio (mean, 48.2% vs. 10.7%) as compared with IMT. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was positive for ALK rearrangement in 6 of the 9 IMT cases tested. In conclusion, most of the IPT cases can be considered as IgG4 related on the basis of their histopathologic features and immunohistochemistry criteria. However, IMT represents a myofibroblastic neoplasm with ALK-1 overexpression and is clearly not IgG4 related.

  3. Therapeutic roles of curcumin: lessons learned from clinical trials.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Subash C; Patchva, Sridevi; Aggarwal, Bharat B

    2013-01-01

    Extensive research over the past half century has shown that curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a component of the golden spice turmeric (Curcuma longa), can modulate multiple cell signaling pathways. Extensive clinical trials over the past quarter century have addressed the pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of this nutraceutical against numerous diseases in humans. Some promising effects have been observed in patients with various pro-inflammatory diseases including cancer, cardiovascular disease, arthritis, uveitis, ulcerative proctitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel disease, tropical pancreatitis, peptic ulcer, gastric ulcer, idiopathic orbital inflammatory pseudotumor, oral lichen planus, gastric inflammation, vitiligo, psoriasis, acute coronary syndrome, atherosclerosis, diabetes, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic microangiopathy, lupus nephritis, renal conditions, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, β-thalassemia, biliary dyskinesia, Dejerine-Sottas disease, cholecystitis, and chronic bacterial prostatitis. Curcumin has also shown protection against hepatic conditions, chronic arsenic exposure, and alcohol intoxication. Dose-escalating studies have indicated the safety of curcumin at doses as high as 12 g/day over 3 months. Curcumin's pleiotropic activities emanate from its ability to modulate numerous signaling molecules such as pro-inflammatory cytokines, apoptotic proteins, NF-κB, cyclooxygenase-2, 5-LOX, STAT3, C-reactive protein, prostaglandin E(2), prostate-specific antigen, adhesion molecules, phosphorylase kinase, transforming growth factor-β, triglyceride, ET-1, creatinine, HO-1, AST, and ALT in human participants. In clinical trials, curcumin has been used either alone or in combination with other agents. Various formulations of curcumin, including nanoparticles, liposomal encapsulation, emulsions, capsules, tablets, and powder, have been examined. In this review, we discuss in detail the various human diseases in which the

  4. Idiopathic inflammatory-demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system.

    PubMed

    Cañellas, A Rovira; Gols, A Rovira; Izquierdo, J Río; Subirana, M Tintoré; Gairin, X Montalban

    2007-05-01

    Idiopathic inflammatory-demyelinating diseases (IIDDs) include a broad spectrum of central nervous system disorders that can usually be differentiated on the basis of clinical, imaging, laboratory and pathological findings. However, there can be a considerable overlap between at least some of these disorders, leading to misdiagnoses or diagnostic uncertainty. The relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) are the most common IIDDs. Other MS phenotypes include those with a progressive course from onset (primary progressive and progressive relapsing) or with a benign course continuing for years after onset (benign MS). Uncommon forms of IIDDs can be classified clinically into: (1) fulminant or acute IIDDs, such as the Marburg variant of MS, Baló's concentric sclerosis, Schilder's disease, and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis; (2) monosymptomatic IIDDs, such as those involving the spinal cord (transverse myelitis), optic nerve (optic neuritis) or brainstem and cerebellum; and (3) IIDDs with a restricted topographical distribution, including Devic's neuromyelitis optica, recurrent optic neuritis and relapsing transverse myelitis. Other forms of IIDD, which are classified clinically and radiologically as pseudotumoral, can have different forms of presentation and clinical courses. Although some of these uncommon IIDDs are variants of MS, others probably correspond to different entities. MR imaging of the brain and spine is the imaging technique of choice for diagnosing these disorders, and together with the clinical and laboratory findings can accurately classify them. Precise classification of these disorders may have relevant prognostic and treatment implications, and might be helpful in distinguishing them from tumoral or infectious lesions, avoiding unnecessary aggressive diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

  5. MR Imaging with Metal-suppression Sequences for Evaluation of Total Joint Arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Talbot, Brett S; Weinberg, Eric P

    2016-01-01

    Metallic artifact at orthopedic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging continues to be an important problem, particularly in the realm of total joint arthroplasty. Complications often follow total joint arthroplasty and can be expected for a small percentage of all implanted devices. Postoperative complications involve not only osseous structures but also adjacent soft tissues-a highly problematic area at MR imaging because of artifacts from metallic prostheses. Without special considerations, susceptibility artifacts from ferromagnetic implants can unacceptably degrade image quality. Common artifacts include in-plane distortions (signal loss and signal pileup), poor or absent fat suppression, geometric distortion, and through-section distortion. Basic methods to reduce metallic artifacts include use of spin-echo or fast spin-echo sequences with long echo train lengths, short inversion time inversion-recovery (STIR) sequences for fat suppression, a high bandwidth, thin section selection, and an increased matrix. With care and attention to the alloy type (eg, titanium, cobalt-chromium, stainless steel), orientation of the implant, and magnetic field strength, as well as use of proprietary and nonproprietary metal-suppression techniques, previously nondiagnostic studies can yield key diagnostic information. Specifically, sequences such as the metal artifact reduction sequence (MARS), WARP (Siemens Healthcare, Munich, Germany), slice encoding for metal artifact correction (SEMAC), and multiacquisition with variable-resonance image combination (MAVRIC) can be optimized to reveal pathologic conditions previously hidden by periprosthetic artifacts. Complications of total joint arthroplasty that can be evaluated by using MR imaging with metal-suppression sequences include pseudotumoral conditions such as metallosis and particle disease, infection, aseptic prosthesis loosening, tendon injury, and muscle injury. ©RSNA, 2015.

  6. [Fusariosis diagnosed in the laboratory of an UH in Tunisia: epidemiological, clinical and mycological study].

    PubMed

    Néji, S; Trabelsi, H; Cheikhrouhou, F; Sellami, H; Guidara, R; Trigui, A; Feki, J; Boudaya, S; Turki, H; Makni, F; Ayadi, A

    2013-06-01

    The genus Fusarium, initially known for its important agro-economic impact, is more and more often implicated in human pathology. In fact, multiples allergic, toxic and infectious manifestations are more reported in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. The objective of our study was to analyse the epidemiological, mycological and clinical features of fusariosis reported in our CHU. Eighty-seven cases of Fusarium infections were collected: 34 cases of onychomycosis (39%), 26 cases of intertrigos (30%), 25 cases of keratomycosis (29%), one case of atypical invasive fusariosis due to Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) and one case of localized gingivolabial fusariosis due to Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) in a patient with leukemia in phase of deep bone marrow aplasia, whose outcome was favorable after exiting of aplasia period and a treatment by amphotericine B. The case of pseudotumoral cutaneous fusariosis to F. oxysporum complicated with osteolysis and septic arthritis occurred in a pregnant woman without any immune deficit. The evolution was fatal in spite of prescription of multiple systemic antifungals. Concerning keratomycosis, Fusarium was the first agent responsible for these infections (43%). The corneal traumatism was found in 37.5% of cases and FSSC was the most isolated (72%). For superficial dermatomycosis, Fusarium was the third agent of onychomycosis in molds (25%). The most isolated species were FSSC (68%) and FOSC (20%). The intertrigo frequency was 0.07% and they were mostly caused by FSSC (84%) and FOSC (16%). Fusarium is an important cause of mold infections in our region. So, the species identification is useful because some species are resistant to the most common systemic antifungal agents. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Thoracotomies in children.

    PubMed

    Findik, Gokturk; Gezer, Suat; Sirmali, Mehmet; Turut, Hasan; Aydogdu, Koray; Tastepe, Irfan; Karaoglanoglu, Nurettin; Kaya, Sadi

    2008-06-01

    Thoracotomies in children have been less extensively studied, as the incidence of diseases necessitating thoracotomies is low in the pediatric age group. This study reviews childhood thoracic diseases, thoracotomy approaches, indications, and complications. Surgical procedures and complications of a total of 196 children below 16 years of age who underwent thoracotomy for various reasons at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, between January 2000 and December 2004, were reviewed in this study. Out of the 196 patients, 77 were female (39%) and 119 (61%) were male. The most commonly encountered indications for surgery were hydatid cyst (35%), bronchiectasis (25%), chronic nonspecific pleuritis (13%), chest wall deformities (10%), and mediastinal cystic formations and masses (10%). The other indications included tuberculosis (3%), aspergilloma (0.5%), fibrohyalinized cyst (0.5%), resection of trachea (0.5%), bronchogenic cyst (0.5%), inflammatory pseudo-tumor (0.5%), sequestration (1%), lipoblastoma (0.5%), and eosinophilic granuloma (1%). Out of the 196 patients, 176 underwent lateral thoracotomy and 20 patients with a chest wall deformity underwent midsternal incision. Complications were seen in 35 patients (18%): atelectasia and secretory retention (54%), wound infection (17%), hemorrhage (3%), chylothorax (3%), intrathoracic space (3%), and postoperative extended air leakage (20%). The mean hospital stay was 15 days and we did not encounter any mortality. The physiology and anatomy of the respiratory system and especially the respiratory control mechanism in pediatric patients vary from those of the adults, resulting in a more morbid course after thoracic surgery in children. Despite severe postoperative pain, posterolateral thoracotomy is the preferred approach in adults because of an advanced intrathoracic exposure and easy manipulation. On the other hand, lower pain threshold and the

  8. The normal and variant clinical anatomy of the sensory supply of the orbit.

    PubMed

    Voirol, Jenna R; Vilensky, Joel A

    2014-03-01

    Orbital and retro-orbital pain are relatively common clinical conditions that are associated with such disorders as trigeminal, lacrimal, and ciliary neuralgia, cluster headaches, paroxysmal hemicrania, inflammatory orbital pseudotumor, trochleitis, and herpetic neuralgia ophthalmicus, thus making the nerves supplying the orbit of great clinical importance. Surprisingly, how pain from this region reaches conscious levels is enigmatic. Classically, it has been assumed that pain reaches the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve (V1 ) and travels to the descending spinal trigeminal nucleus. However, exactly where the receptors for orbital pain are located and how impulses reach V1 is speculative. In this project, we reviewed all of the reported connections between the orbital nerves and V1 in order to understand how pain from this region is transmitted to the brain. We found reported neural connections to exist between cranial nerve (CN) V1 and CNs III, IV, and VI within the orbit, as well as direct neural branches to extra-ocular muscles from the nasociliary, frontal, and supraorbital nerves. We also found reported neural connections to exist between the presumed carotid plexus and CN VI and CN V1 , CN VI and CN V1 and V2 , and between CN V1 and CN III, all within the cavernous sinus. Whether or not these connections are sympathetic or sensory or some combination of both connections remains unclear. An understanding of the variability and frequency of these neural connections could lead to safer surgical procedures of the orbit and effective treatments for patients with orbital pain.

  9. [Orbital tumors treated at the University Hospital Otolaryngology Clinic in Kraków between 1997 and 2011].

    PubMed

    Wróbel, Agnieszka; Składzień, Jacek; Gawlik, Jolanta; Oleś, Krzysztof; Szaleniec, Joanna; Leszczyńska, Joanna; Bojanowska, Emilia

    2013-01-01

    The main aim of the study was to establish the frequency of orbital tumor occurrence in the patients of the University Hospital Otolaryngology Clinic in Kraków as well as to analyze the clinical features, location in the orbit and to identify the group of patients with the highest risk of orbital tumor. The authors retrospectively analyzed 46 patients (29 women and 17 men) between the ages of 23 and 87. This group of patients was compared to a group of 80 patients who were surgically treated at the same clinic 10 years ago and to a group of 70 patients treated 15 years ago. We established that the tumors localized in the orbit were mainly benign. A variety of histological types of tumors arises in the orbit but it was significant that inflammatory pseudotumors were the most common cases in all three groups of patients treated in our clinic now, about 10 and about 15 years ago. Referring to the group of patients at the highest risk, we established that orbital tumors are definitely most common in women than men. It has turned out to be statistically significant that benign tumors were most common in younger patients and malignant in older people. That suggests the conclusion that being female is a risk factor for orbital tumors and age is a risk factor for them being malignant. Comparing different approaches for the resection of orbital tumors, we established that the lateral orbitotomy provides access to orbital tumors in the most common locations (intraconal and in the top corner of the orbit). Malignant and extensive tumors have to be treated by orbital exenteration.

  10. Elevated intracranial pressure and reversible eye-tracking changes detected while viewing a film clip.

    PubMed

    Kolecki, Radek; Dammavalam, Vikalpa; Bin Zahid, Abdullah; Hubbard, Molly; Choudhry, Osamah; Reyes, Marleen; Han, ByoungJun; Wang, Tom; Papas, Paraskevi Vivian; Adem, Aylin; North, Emily; Gilbertson, David T; Kondziolka, Douglas; Huang, Jason H; Huang, Paul P; Samadani, Uzma

    2017-06-02

    OBJECTIVE The precise threshold differentiating normal and elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is variable among individuals. In the context of several pathophysiological conditions, elevated ICP leads to abnormalities in global cerebral functioning and impacts the function of cranial nerves (CNs), either or both of which may contribute to ocular dysmotility. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of elevated ICP on eye-tracking performed while patients were watching a short film clip. METHODS Awake patients requiring placement of an ICP monitor for clinical purposes underwent eye tracking while watching a 220-second continuously playing video moving around the perimeter of a viewing monitor. Pupil position was recorded at 500 Hz and metrics associated with each eye individually and both eyes together were calculated. Linear regression with generalized estimating equations was performed to test the association of eye-tracking metrics with changes in ICP. RESULTS Eye tracking was performed at ICP levels ranging from -3 to 30 mm Hg in 23 patients (12 women, 11 men, mean age 46.8 years) on 55 separate occasions. Eye-tracking measures correlating with CN function linearly decreased with increasing ICP (p < 0.001). Measures for CN VI were most prominently affected. The area under the curve (AUC) for eye-tracking metrics to discriminate between ICP < 12 and ≥ 12 mm Hg was 0.798. To discriminate an ICP < 15 from ≥ 15 mm Hg the AUC was 0.833, and to discriminate ICP < 20 from ≥ 20 mm Hg the AUC was 0.889. CONCLUSIONS Increasingly elevated ICP was associated with increasingly abnormal eye tracking detected while patients were watching a short film clip. These results suggest that eye tracking may be used as a noninvasive, automatable means to quantitate the physiological impact of elevated ICP, which has clinical application for assessment of shunt malfunction, pseudotumor cerebri, concussion, and prevention of second-impact syndrome.

  11. IgG4-Related Disease: Results From a Multicenter Spanish Registry

    PubMed Central

    Fernández-Codina, Andreu; Martínez-Valle, Fernando; Pinilla, Blanca; López, Cristina; DeTorres, Inés; Solans-Laqué, Roser; Fraile-Rodríguez, Guadalupe; Casanovas-Martínez, Arnau; López-Dupla, Miguel; Robles-Marhuenda, Ángel; Barragán-González, María Jesús; Cid, Maria Cinta; Prieto-González, Sergio; Brito-Zerón, Pilar; Cruces-Moreno, María Teresa; Fonseca-Aizpuru, Eva; López-Torres, Manuel; Gil, Judith; Núñez-Fernández, Manuel Jesús; Pardos-Gea, José; Salvador-Cervelló, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    Abstract IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare entity consisting of inflammation and fibrosis that has been described in multiple organs. Concrete diagnostic criteria have been established recently and there is a lack of large series of patients. To describe the clinical presentation, histopathological characteristics, treatment and evolution of a series of IgG4-RD Spanish patients. A retrospective multicenter study was performed. Twelve hospitals across Spain included patients meeting the current 2012 consensus criteria on IgG4-RD diagnosis. Fifty-five patients were included in the study, 38 of whom (69.1%) were male. Median age at diagnosis was 53 years. Thirty (54.5%) patients were included in the Histologically Highly Suggestive IgG4-RD group and 25 (45.5%) in the probable IgG4-RD group. Twenty-six (47.3%) patients had more than 1 organ affected at presentation. The most frequently affected organs were: retroperitoneum, orbital pseudotumor, pancreas, salivary and lachrymal glands, and maxillary sinuses. Corticosteroids were the mainstay of treatment (46 patients, 83.6%). Eighteen patients (32.7%) required additional immunosuppressive agents. Twenty-four (43.6%) patients achieved a complete response and 26 (43.7%) presented a partial response (<50% of regression) after 22 months of follow-up. No deaths were attributed directly to IgG4-RD and malignancy was infrequent. This is the largest IgG4-RD series reported in Europe. Patients were middle-aged males, with histologically probable IgG4-RD. The systemic form of the disease was frequent, involving mainly sites of the head and abdomen. Corticosteroids were an effective first line treatment, sometimes combined with immunosuppressive agents. Neither fatalities nor malignancies were attributed to IgG4-RD. PMID:26266361

  12. Management of incidental renal masses: Time to consider contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.

    PubMed

    Di Vece, Francesca; Tombesi, Paola; Ermili, Francesca; Sartori, Sergio

    2016-02-01

    Proliferation of imaging studies for different clinical purposes and continuous improvement of imaging technology have led to an increasing number of incidental findings of renal masses. It is estimated that over 50% of patients older than 50 years have at least one renal mass. The majority of incidental renal masses are simple cysts that can be easily diagnosed by conventional ultrasonography. However, some incidental renal masses are not simple cysts, and differentiation between benign and malignant entities requires further imaging modalities. In the past, multiphase contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were considered the primary imaging modalities used to characterize and stage complex cystic and solid renal lesions. Currently, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography represents a novel alternative to contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography employs microbubble contrast agents that allow the study of different enhancement phases of the kidney without risk of nephrotoxicity and radiation exposure. The diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the characterization of complex renal cysts is comparable to that of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and several studies have demonstrated its reliability also in identifying solid lesions such as pseudotumors, typical angiomyolipomas, and clear cell renal carcinomas. Considering the high incidence of incidental renal masses and the need for rapid and reliable diagnosis, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography could be proposed as the first step in the diagnostic work-up of renal masses because of its safety and cost effectiveness. In this paper, we propose a diagnostic algorithm for the characterization of cystic and solid renal masses.

  13. An Automated, Gravity-driven CSF Drainage System Decreases Complications and Lowers Costs

    PubMed Central

    Lieberson, Robert E; Meyer, William; Trang, Tung

    2017-01-01

    Background: FlowSafeTM (BeckerSmith Medical, Irvine, CA, USA) is a novel, robotic, external lumbar drainage (ELD) system, which was designed to control cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage, reduce complications, and decrease treatment costs. Methods: Forty-seven consecutive neurosurgical patients requiring ELD were treated using the FlowSafe system. Results: In 39 of 40 patients with traumatic and surgical dural openings, potential CSF leaks were avoided. In seven patients with suspected normal pressure hydrocephalus, post-infectious ventriculomegaly, or pseudotumor cerebrum, we were able to assess the likelihood of improvement with shunting. The system, therefore, produced what we considered to be the “desired result” in 46 of 47 patients (98%). Our one treatment failure (2%) involved a patient with unrecognized hydrocephalus who, following a Chiari repair with a dural patch graft, was drained for six days. A persistent CSF leak eventually required a reoperation. Two patients (4%) described low-pressure headaches during treatment. Both responded to temporarily suspending or reducing the drainage rate. We saw no complications. Required nursing interventions were minimal.  Conclusions: The FlowSafe system was safe and effective. In our experience, there were fewer complications compared to currently available ELD systems. The FlowSafe was well tolerated by our patients. The near elimination of nursing interventions should allow lumbar drainage to be delivered in less costly, non-intensive care unit settings. Larger trials will be needed. PMID:28331772

  14. Expanding the Phenotypic and Genotypic Landscape of Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 1.

    PubMed

    Orlova, Elizaveta M; Sozaeva, Leila S; Kareva, Maria A; Oftedal, Bergithe E; Wolff, Anette S B; Breivik, Lars; Zakharova, Ekaterina Y; Ivanova, Olga N; Kämpe, Olle; Dedov, Ivan I; Knappskog, Per M; Peterkova, Valentina A; Husebye, Eystein S

    2017-09-01

    Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1) is a rare monogenic autoimmune disease caused by mutations in the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene and characterized by chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, hypoparathyroidism, and primary adrenal insufficiency. Comprehensive characterizations of large patient cohorts are rare. To perform an extensive clinical, immunological, and genetic characterization of a large nationwide Russian APS-1 cohort. Clinical components were mapped by systematic investigations, sera were screened for autoantibodies associated with APS-1, and AIRE mutations were characterized by Sanger sequencing. We identified 112 patients with APS-1, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the largest cohort described to date. Careful phenotyping revealed several additional and uncommon phenotypes such as cerebellar ataxia with pseudotumor, ptosis, and retinitis pigmentosa. Neutralizing autoantibodies to interferon-ω were found in all patients except for one. The major Finnish mutation c.769C>T (p.R257*) was the most frequent and was present in 72% of the alleles. Altogether, 19 different mutations were found, of which 9 were unknown: c.38T>C (p.L13P), c.173C>T (p.A58V), c.280C>T (p.Q94*), c.554C>G (p.S185*), c.661A>T (p.K221*), c.821del (p.Gly274Afs*104), c.1195G>C (p.A399P), c.1302C>A (p.C434*), and c.1497del (p.A500Pfs*21). The spectrum of phenotypes and AIRE mutation in APS-1 has been expanded. The Finnish major mutation is the most common mutation in Russia and is almost as common as in Finland. Assay of interferon antibodies is a robust screening tool for APS-1.

  15. Haemophilia A in a patient with testicular feminization.

    PubMed

    Andrejev, N J; Korenevskaya, M I; Rutberg, R A; Dukarevitch, M Z; Pokrovskiy, P I; Tokarev, N Y

    1975-04-30

    A case of typical haemophilia A in phenotypically "hairless" women aged 18 with complete testicular feminization (primary amenorrhea, absence of palpated gonads, negative sex chromatin, fluorescence of Y chromosome in interphase nuclei, caryotype 46, XY by common and fluorescent methods) is reported in this paper. Both diseases are of familial character with transmission through female line. The propositus' father did not suffer from haemophilia. Signs of Morris syndrome (delay of menses, absence of secondary hair) are present in the propositus' mother and sister. The propositus' niece, the daughter of her sister, also suffered from testicular feminization, but without any haemophilia, probably due to the crossing-over. The analysis of the pedigree gives no information in favour of sex-linked or autosome-dominant sex limited inheritance of testicular feminization. Haemophilia A in the propositus is characterized by the very low factor-VIII level-1.66%, and typical joints bleedings since 3 years. At the age of 18 the patient had major surgery for a haemophilic thigh pseudotumor. There was rapid consolidation of the fracture and contracture was erradicated. In spite of severe factor VIII deficiency the course of haemophilia in the propositus is clinically milder than in male haemophiliacs in her family and in the general population. The similar findings were reviewed in literature including the case of hemyzygous haemophilia with testicular feminization and described women-homozygotes. The suggestion is made that the course of haemophilia in the propositus is affected by the female phenotype. The psychologica status of the patient and the possibility of professional rehabilitation by surgical treatment is discussed. The need for detailed cytogenetical examination of the persons with "female" haemophilia or the other sex-linked diseases to establish the correct diagnosis and for exclusion of the possible mosaicism is discussed.

  16. Schloffer's tumor: Case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Yazyi, Federico J.; Canullan, Carlos M.; Baglietto, Nicolas F.; Klappenbach, Roberto F.; Alonso Quintas, Facundo; Alvarez Rodriguez, Juan; Chiappetta Porras, Luis T.

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION The so-called Schloffer tumor (ST) is a rare inflammatory pseudotumor. It usually appears several years after abdominal surgery or trauma. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 32-year-old man was referred to our hospital complaining of a painful mass in the left hypochondrium, postprandial distension and a weight loss of about 14 kg. He had had a left inguinal hernioplasty without mesh the previous year. Ultrasonography of the abdomen showed a 2 cm × 2 cm hypoechoic lesion in contact with the abdominal wall. Computerized tomography of the abdomen showed a heterogeneous mass in the great omentum. Laparoscopic exploration revealed an omental mass firmly attached to the abdominal wall. A great deal of purulent fluid spread during the procedure. Due to the difficult exploration, the procedure converted to hand assisted laparoscopy. We find an omental tumor involving the stomach and the transverse colon. Inside the mass there were purulent material and non-absorbable sutures. A drain was left inside the cavity of the abscess. Histological examination showed chronic inflammation. DISCUSSION ST characteristically presents a central chronic abscess containing non-absorbable sutures. It has been described after appendectomy, hernioplasty, hysterectomy, gastrectomy or colonic resections. Although benign, its progressive growth and infiltrating behavior resemble malignant tumors. CONCLUSION We suggest that a mini-invasive approach should always be performed. The interesting thing about this case is the appearance of the tumor in a place far away from the previous surgical site. A simple drainage and removal of suture material solves the problem of these patients. PMID:25437684

  17. Concurrent Angioplasty Balloon Placement for Stent Delivery through Jugular Venous Bulb for Treating Cerebral Venous Sinus Stenosis. Technical Report

    PubMed Central

    Qureshi, Adnan I.; Khan, Asif A.; Capistrant, Rachel; Qureshi, Mushtaq H.; Xie, Kevin; Suri, M. Fareed K.

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To report upon technique of concurrent placement of angioplasty balloon at the internal jugular vein and sigmoid venous sinus junction to facilitate stent delivery in two patients in whom stent delivery past the jugular bulb was not possible. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 21-year-old woman and a 41-year-old woman with worsening headaches, visual obscuration or diplopia were treated for pseudotumor cerebri associated with transverse venous stenosis. Both patients had undergone primary angioplasty, which resulted in improvement in clinical symptoms followed by the recurrence of symptoms with restenosis at the site of angioplasty. INTERVENTION After multiple attempts at stent delivery through jugular venous bulb were unsuccessful, a second guide catheter was placed in the ipsilateral internal jugular vein through contralateral femoral venous approach. A 6 mm × 20 mm (left) or 5 × 15 mm (right) angioplasty balloon was placed across the internal jugular vein and sigmoid sinus junction and partially inflated until the inflation and relative straightening of the junction was observed. In both patients, the internal jugular vein and sigmoid sinus junction was successfully traversed by the stent delivery system in a parallel alignment to inflated balloon. Balloon mounted stent was deployed at the site of restenosis with near complete resolution of lumen narrowing delivery and improvement in clinical symptoms. CONCLUSION We report a technique for realignment and diameter change with concurrent placement and partial inflation of angioplasty balloon at the jugular venous bulb to facilitate stent delivery into the sigmoid and transverse venous sinuses in circumstances where multiple attempts at stent delivery are unsuccessful. PMID:27829971

  18. Melena as presentation of primary small intestine inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in an adult woman. A case report.

    PubMed

    Alloni, Rossana; Ancona, Gianluca; Gallo, Ida; Crescenzi, Anna; Coppola, Roberto

    2015-07-29

    È il caso di una paziente di 32 anni affetta da Miofibroblastoma non noto, trasferita da altra struttura sanitaria presso il nostro reparto perché affetta da melena da fonte non determinata. All’anamnesi risultava un precedente ricovero in altro Pronto Soccorso per un quadro clinico caratterizzato da dispnea, cefalea, tachicardia e astenia profonda., oltre a profonda anemia (Hg 5.8 g/dl). La gastroscopia non aveva evidenziato alcun motivo di sanguinamento e l’ecografia addomino-pelvica era risultata negativa. Dopo ripetute emotrasfusioni la tentata rettosigmoidoscopia era stata interrotto per intolleranza della paziente. Una volta stabilizzata si era proceduto al trasferimento presso la nostra struttura, e qui alla Risonanza Magnetica dell’addome veniva evidenziato, un ispessimento parietale esteso per 8 cm a del digiuno medio distale, in corrispondenza del fianco destro, antero – lateralmente al duodeno, ed adiacente ad esso una formazione ipervascolare solida di 20 mm. In prima ipotesi poteva trattarsi di un tratto invaginato del piccolo intestino con all’apice una lesione parietale solida, verosimile causa del sanguinamento. Persistendo il quadro anemico e avendo localizzato una lesione sospetta, la paziente è stata sottoposta ad intervento chirurgico, che portava alla conferma dell’esistenza di una lesione nodulare parietale del piccolo intestino, per cui si procedeva ad una sua resezione segmentaria comprendente la suddetta massa, sottoponendo il pezzo operatorio ad esame istologico definitivo. L’anatomo-patologo formulava la diagnosi isto-immunologica di pseudotumore infiammatorio (c.d. Tumore miofibroblastico infiammatorio) responsabile di invaginazione digiuno-digiunale. I margini di resezione risultavano indenni. Dimessa dopo un decorso postoperatorio senza complicanze, al follow-up di 6 mesi non si è ripresentato alcun sintomo di nuovo sanguinamento. Il sanguinamento della neoformazione responsabile della melena da fonte ignota era

  19. [Diagnostic value of liver imaging reporting and data system MRI on primary hepatocellular carcinoma].

    PubMed

    Zhao, Wei; Li, Wenzheng; Yi, Xiaoping; Pei, Yigang; Liu, Hui; Zhang, Liqing; Liu, Huaping

    2016-04-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic value of liver imaging reporting and classification criteria of data system (LI-RADS) MRI on primary hepatic carcinoma (HCC).
 The MRI images of 100 patients (72 patients with HCC, 4 with regenerative nodules, 13 with hemangioma, 4 with liver cyst, 3 with Liver abscess, 2 with inflammatory pseudotumor, 1 with hepatic arteriovenous fistula, 1 with Limitations of steatosis) with liver disease were collected in Xiangya Hospital from January, 2014 to January, 2015. All patients were at the risk of HCC. The images were reviewed according to the LI-RADS categorization by American College of Radiology (ACR) under a condition of blindness to the pathological data. The sensitivity, specificity and the area under the ROC curve in the diagnosis of HCC with the LI-RADS categorization were calculated by three associate professors from the Department of Radiology, Xiangya Hospital.
 The area under the ROC curve was 0.925 in the 100 patients with HCC. Of the 100 pathologically confirmed patients, 20 cases were LR1 and LR2. However, the post-operation pathological examination showed benign tumor (negative predictive value was 100%). There were 25 HCC in 31 cases of LR3, 27 HCC in 29 cases of LR4 (positive predictive value was 93.1%). All of 20 cases of LR5 were HCC (positive predictive value was 100%). If LR1 and LR2 were considered negative, and LR3, 4, 5 were positive, then the sensitivity, the specificity and the area under the ROC curve was 100%, 71.4% and 0.925, respectively. If LR1, 2 and 3 were considered negative and LR4 and LR5 were positive, the sensitivity, the specificity and the area under the ROC curve was 100%, 90.9% and 0.974, respectively.
 The MRI LI-RADS categorization is highly sensitive and specific in the diagnosis of HCC, which can improve the diagnostic accuracy.

  20. IgG4-related Orbital Disease and Its Mimics in a Western Population.

    PubMed

    Ferry, Judith A; Klepeis, Veronica; Sohani, Aliyah R; Harris, Nancy Lee; Preffer, Frederic I; Stone, John H; Grove, Arthur; Deshpande, Vikram

    2015-12-01

    Although chronic inflammatory disorders of the ocular adnexa are relatively common, their pathogenesis is in many cases poorly understood. Recent investigation suggests that many cases of sclerosing orbital inflammation are a manifestation of IgG4-related disease; however, most patients reported have been Asian, and it is not clear whether the results of studies from the Far East can be reliably extrapolated to draw conclusions about Western patients. We evaluated 38 cases previously diagnosed as orbital inflammatory pseudotumor or chronic dacryoadenitis to determine whether our cases fulfill the criteria for IgG4-RD (IgG4-related dacryoadenitis when involving the lacrimal gland, and IgG4-related sclerosing orbital inflammation when involving orbital soft tissue). Fifteen patients had IgG4-related dacryoadenitis or orbital inflammation. These patients included 9 men and 6 women, aged 24 to 77 years (median, 64 y). Lesions involved orbital soft tissue (8 cases), lacrimal gland (6 cases), and canthus (1 case). In 1 case, focal in situ follicular neoplasia was seen in a background of IgG4-RD. In another case, a clonal IGH gene rearrangement was detected. Four patients with IgG4-RD had evidence of IgG4-RD in other anatomic sites. Five patients, 1 man and 4 women, aged 26 to 74 years (median 50 y) had orbital lesions (2 involving lacrimal gland, 3 involving soft tissue) suspicious for, but not diagnostic of, IgG4-RD. Of 16 patients with IgG4-RD or probable IgG4-RD with information available regarding the course of their disease, 11 patients experienced recurrent or persistent orbital disease. However, no patient developed lymphoma, and no patient died of complications of IgG4-RD. Eighteen patients had lesions not representing IgG4-RD. They included 6 male and 12 female individuals aged 6 to 77 years (median, 47 y). These patients had a variety of diseases, including granulomatosis with polyangiitis (3 cases), Rosai-Dorfman disease (1 case), nonspecific chronic

  1. [What do orthopedic surgeons need to know from radiologists?].

    PubMed

    Portabella, F; Pablos, O; Agulló, J L

    2012-09-01

    The diagnosis of tumors and pseudotumors depends on three pillars: the clinician, the radiologist, and the pathologist. The first two can establish a presumptive diagnosis on the basis of the clinical presentation and findings on complementary tests, whereas the pathologist will have to reach the definitive diagnosis after analyzing the biopsy specimens. Obviously, the clinician and radiologist should reach a consensus regarding the diagnostic orientation; however, for this to happen there must be a relationship between the two professionals and they must work together for the benefit of the patient. Orthopedic surgeons, like any other group of specialists, would like to have radiologists working in their own center who are dedicated to the organ/system they treat, in this case the locomotor apparatus, and who can provide them with their opinion about the different images obtained. This point is very important and especially so for tumors, because this type of disease is uncommon and few specialists are dedicated to it. For this reason, when faced with a lesion that has the characteristics of a tumor, orthopedic surgeons would like radiologists to give the most accurate description of the images as possible, defining the characteristics of benignity or malignancy of the process as well as indicating the risk of fracture in a metastatic lesion. On the other hand, orthopedic surgeons would ask for a clear and comprehensible description of the images obtained in complementary tests, because orthopedic surgeons have less experience in this type of images and they are often difficult to interpret. Another aspect that is often mentioned in discussions among orthopedic surgeons is the importance of having a radiology department that performs interventional procedures. Radiologists that perform interventional procedures can facilitate our work very much, both in the diagnosis and in the treatment of certain bone tumors. Finally, we would like to stress the importance of

  2. Laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery for gastric submucosal tumors

    PubMed Central

    Kang, Wei-Ming; Yu, Jian-Chun; Ma, Zhi-Qiang; Zhao, Zi-Ran; Meng, Qing-Bin; Ye, Xin

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To assess the feasibility, safety, and advantages of minimally invasive laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) for gastric submucosal tumors (SMT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 101 consecutive patients, who had undergone partial, proximal, or distal gastrectomy using LECS for gastric SMT at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June 2006 to April 2013. All patients were followed up by visit or telephone. Clinical data, surgical approach, pathological features such as the size, location, and pathological type of each tumor; and follow-up results were analyzed. The feasibility, safety and effectiveness of LECS for gastric SMT were evaluated, especially for patients with tumors located near the cardia or pylorus. RESULTS: The 101 patients included 43 (42.6%) men and 58 (57.4%) women, with mean age of 51.2 ± 13.1 years (range, 14-76 years). The most common symptom was belching. Almost all (n = 97) patients underwent surgery with preservation of the cardia and pylorus, with the other four patients undergoing proximal or distal gastrectomy. The mean distance from the lesion to the cardia or pylorus was 3.4 ± 1.3 cm, and the minimum distance from the tumor edge to the cardia was 1.5 cm. Tumor pathology included gastrointestinal stromal tumor in 78 patients, leiomyoma in 13, carcinoid tumors in three, ectopic pancreas in three, lipoma in two, glomus tumor in one, and inflammatory pseudotumor in one. Tumor size ranged from 1 to 8.2 cm, with 65 (64.4%) lesions < 2 cm, 32 (31.7%) > 2 cm, and four > 5 cm. Sixty-six lesions (65.3%) were located in the fundus, 21 (20.8%) in the body, 10 (9.9%) in the antrum, three (3.0%) in the cardia, and one (1.0%) in the pylorus. During a median follow-up of 28 mo (range, 1-69 mo), none of these patients experienced recurrence or metastasis. The three patients who underwent proximal gastrectomy experienced symptoms of regurgitation and belching. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery is

  3. Recurrent orbital space-occupying lesions: a clinicopathologic study of 253 cases

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Weiqiang; Hei, Yan

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinical features, histopathologic classification and frequencies of various types of recurrent orbital space-occupying lesions. Methods A retrospective study was carried out in 253 consecutive patients with recurrent orbital space-occupying lesions treated by surgical excision in the Institute of Orbital Diseases, the General Hospital of the Armed Police Force from January 2009 to December 2010. Results The patients included 123 males and 130 females aged 2 to 78 years (mean, 36.2 years), and the last recurrence interval after operation ranged from 1 month to 40 years (median, 4.75 years). Of all the cases, 159 (62.8%), 65 (25.7%), 20 (7.9%), 8 (3.2%) and 1 (0.4%) had previously experienced once, twice, three, four and six times of surgeries, respectively. Among them, 29 (11.5%) cases had recurred 3 times or over, and 37 (14.6%) cases got recurrence in 10 or more years postoperatively. Most of the patients with local recurrence presented with various clinical manifestations, while 31 (12.3%) cases were symptom-free. Two hundred and thirty-one (91.3%) cases underwent surgical removal of the recurrent orbital lesions, and another 22 (8.7%) cases had to receive the exenteration of orbit. Categories of these recurrent orbital lesions after operation were as follows: lacrimal gland tumors, 65 (25.7%) cases; vasogenic diseases, 54 (21.3%) cases; neurogenic tumors, 42 (16.6%) cases; secondary tumors, 24 (9.5%) cases; orbital inflammation, 21 (8.3%) cases; myogenic tumors, 14 (5.5%) cases; fibrous and adipose tumors, 12 (4.7%) cases; lympho-hematopoietic tumors, 7 (2.8%) cases; bone or cartilage tumors, 7 (2.8%) cases; orbital cysts, 6 (2.4%) cases; and indefinitely differentiated tumor, 1 (0.4%) case. The 10 top histopathologic diagnoses were lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma, hemangiolymphangioma, lacrimal gland adenoid cystic carcinoma, meningioma, inflammatory pseudotumor, neurofibroma, sebaceous gland carcinoma, vascular malformation

  4. Do survival rate and serum ion concentrations 10 years after metal-on-metal hip resurfacing provide evidence for continued use?

    PubMed

    Hartmann, Albrecht; Lützner, Jörg; Kirschner, Stephan; Witzleb, Wolf-Christoph; Günther, Klaus-Peter

    2012-11-01

    Owing to concerns attributable to problems associated with metal-on-metal bearing surfaces, current evidence for the use of hip resurfacing is unclear. Survival rates reported from registries and individual studies are controversial and the limited long-term studies do not conclusively allow one to judge whether hip resurfacing is still a reasonable alternative to conventional THA. We asked whether the long-term survival rate of hip resurfacing is comparable to that of conventional THA and certain factors can be identified that influence serum ion concentration 10 years postoperatively. We specifically assessed (1) the 10-year survivorship in the whole cohort and in male and female patients, (2) serum concentrations of metal ions in patients with hip resurfacing who had not undergone revision surgery, and (3) potential influencing factors on the serum ion concentration. We retrospectively reviewed our first 95 patients who had 100 hip resurfacings performed from 1998 to 2001. The median age of the patients at surgery was 52 years (range, 28-69 years); 49% were men. We assessed the survival rate (revision for any reason as the end point), radiographic changes, and serum ion concentrations for cobalt, chromium, and molybdenum. The correlations between serum ion concentration and patient-related factors (age, sex, BMI, activity) and implant-related factors (implant size, cup inclination, stem-shaft angle) were investigated. The minimum followup was 9.3 years (mean, 10 years; range, 9.3-10.5 years). The 10-year survivorship was 88% for the total cohort. The overall survival rate was greater in men (93%) than in women (84%). Median serum ion levels were 1.9 μg/L for chromium, 1.3 μg/L for cobalt, and 1.6 μg/L for molybdenum. Radiolucent lines around acetabular implants were observed in 4% and femoral neck thinning in 5%. Although our overall failure rate was greater than anticipated, the relatively low serum ion levels and no revisions for pseudotumors in young male

  5. [Laryngeal tuberculosis: considerations on the most recent clinical and epidemiological data and presentation of a case report].

    PubMed

    Galletti, F; Freni, F; Bucolo, S; Spanò, F; Gambadoro, O; Pispica, L; Torre, V

    2000-06-01

    morphological aspects of tubercular laryngitis have changed significantly from what they were before chemotherapy and the most common clinical form is pseudotumoral tuberculosis. This form requires a differential diagnosis to distinguish it from neoplasms because they present a similar objective picture and have no signs of simultaneous or previous pulmonary involvement.

  6. Multispectral 3D phase-encoded turbo spin-echo for imaging near metal: Limitations and possibilities demonstrated by simulations and phantom experiments.

    PubMed

    van Gorp, Jetse S; Nizak, Razmara; Bouwman, Job G; Saris, Daniël B F; Seevinck, Peter R

    2017-01-25

    detection of inflammation or (pseudo-)tumors in locations close to the implant.

  7. A comparison of lumboperitoneal and ventriculoperitoneal shunting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension: an analysis of economic impact and complications using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

    PubMed

    Menger, Richard P; Connor, David E; Thakur, Jai Deep; Sonig, Ashish; Smith, Elainea; Guthikonda, Bharat; Nanda, Anil

    2014-11-01

    Complications following lumboperitoneal (LP) shunting have been reported in 18% to 85% of cases. The need for multiple revision surgeries, development of iatrogenic Chiari malformation, and frequent wound complications have prompted many to abandon this procedure altogether for the treatment of idiopathic benign intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri), in favor of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting. A direct comparison of the complication rates and health care charges between first-choice LP versus VP shunting is presented. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database was queried for all patients with the diagnosis of benign intracranial hypertension (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code 348.2) from 2005 to 2009. These data were stratified by operative intervention, with demographic and hospitalization charge data generated for each. A weighted sample of 4480 patients was identified as having the diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), with 2505 undergoing first-time VP shunt placement and 1754 undergoing initial LP shunt placement. Revision surgery occurred in 3.9% of admissions (n = 98) for VP shunts and in 7.0% of admissions (n = 123) for LP shunts (p < 0.0001). Ventriculoperitoneal shunts were placed at teaching institutions in 83.8% of cases, compared with only 77.3% of first-time LP shunts (p < 0.0001). Mean hospital length of stay (LOS) significantly differed between primary VP (3 days) and primary LP shunt procedures (4 days, p < 0.0001). The summed charges for the revisions of 92 VP shunts ($3,453,956) and those of the 6 VP shunt removals ($272,484) totaled $3,726,352 over 5 years for the study population. The summed charges for revision of 70 LP shunts ($2,229,430) and those of the 53 LP shunt removals ($3,125,569) totaled $5,408,679 over 5 years for the study population. The presented results appear to call into question the selection of LP shunt placement as primary treatment for IIH, as this procedure is

  8. A challenging diagnosis of late-onset tumefactive multiple sclerosis associated to cervicodorsal syringomyelia: doubtful CT, MRI, and bioptic findings

    PubMed Central

    Conforti, Renata; Capasso, Raffaella; Galasso, Rosario; Cirillo, Mario; Taglialatela, Gemma; Galasso, Luigi

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: Tumefactive multiple sclerosis (MS) is an unusual variant of demyelinating disease characterized by lesions with pseudotumoral appearance on radiological imaging mimicking other space-occupying lesions, such as neoplasms, infections, and infarction. Especially when the patient's medical history is incompatible with MS, the differential diagnosis between these lesions constitutes a diagnostic challenge often requiring histological investigation. An older age at onset makes distinguishing tumefactive demyelinating lesion (TDL) from tumors even more challenging. Methods: We report a case of brain TDL as the initial manifestation of late-onset MS associated with cervico-dorsal syringomyelia. A 66-year-old Caucasian woman with a 15-day history headache was referred to our hospital because of the acute onset of paraphasia. She suffered from noncommunicating syringomyelia associated to basilar impression and she reported a 10-year history of burning dysesthesia of the left side of the chest extended to the internipple line level. Results: Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations revealed a left frontal lesion with features suspicious for a tumor. Given the degree of overlap with other pathologic processes, CT and MRI findings failed to provide an unambiguous diagnosis; furthermore, because of the negative cerebrospinal fluid analysis for oligoclonal bands, the absence of other lesions, and the heightened suspicion of neoplasia, the clinicians opted to perform a stereotactic biopsy. Brain specimen analysis did not exclude the possibility of perilesional reactive gliosis and the patient, receiving anitiedemigen therapy, was monthly followed up. In the meanwhile, the second histological opinion of the brain specimen described the absence of pleomorphic glial cells indicating a tumor. These findings were interpreted as destructive inflammatory demyelinating disease and according to the evolution of MRI lesion burden, MS

  9. Drugs affecting the eye.

    PubMed

    Taylor, F

    1985-08-01

    cataract suspected to be induced by allopurinol; numerous additional cases have been reported to the registry since. Phenothiazine, with an estimated 3% incidence of side effects, appears to be safer than other antipsychotic drugs, but the rate of ocular effects increases with the duration of therapy. Thioridazine and chlorpromazine are known to cause lens deposits and pigmentary retinopathy. There is a significantly high prevalence of thrombophlebitis and pseudotumor cerebri among women who use OCs and thrombotic retinal vascular disease, such as retinal vein occulsion, might be linked with them. It also is probable that, because of altered hydration of the cornea, there is a decreased tolerance to contact lenses.

  10. The utility of neuroimaging in the evaluation of children with migraine or chronic daily headache who have normal neurological examinations.

    PubMed

    Lewis, D W; Dorbad, D

    2000-09-01

    To assess the utility of neuroimaging in the evaluation of children presenting with two of the most common forms of headache, migraine and chronic daily headache, and to determine the utility and pathological yield of neuroimaging in specific headache syndromes in children whose neurological examinations are normal. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients coded for headache (ICD 784) in the Pediatric Neurology Clinic at Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters between 1997 and 1999. The age range considered was between 6 and 18 years. The study focused on the two most common types of headache, uncomplicated migraine and chronic daily headache. Only patients with normal physical and neurological examinations were considered in this analysis. Three hundred two patients were coded for headache within the defined age group. One hundred seven (35.4%) patients fulfilled IHS-R criteria as having uncomplicated migraine with a normal examination, and 30 (9.9%) patients fulfilled criteria for chronic daily headache. Twenty-nine (9.6%) patients presented with migrainelike symptoms, and 6 (2.0%) presented with chronic daily symptoms, but had neurological abnormalities present on examination. The remainder of the patients with headache had the following etiologies: 50 (16.6%) with secondary headache, 22 (7.3%) with complicated migraine, 20 (6.6%) with posttraumatic headache, 13 (4.3%) with seizure-related headache, 11 (3.6%) with brain tumors, 10 (3.3%) with tension-type headache, and 4 (1.3%) with pseudotumor cerebri. Of the 107 patients with migraine, 42 (39.3%) received CT scans; 2 (4.8%) of which were considered "abnormal." One of the abnormalities was an arachnoid cyst and the other was a dilated Virchow-Robin space. Twelve (11.2%) patients with migraine received an MRI, 2 (16.7%) of which were considered abnormal. Both of the abnormal findings were Chiari type I malformations. Of the 30 patients with chronic daily headache, 17 (56.7%) received CT

  11. Revision of Metal-on-metal Hip Prostheses Results in Marked Reduction of Blood Cobalt and Chromium Ion Concentrations.

    PubMed

    Lainiala, Olli; Reito, Aleksi; Elo, Petra; Pajamäki, Jorma; Puolakka, Timo; Eskelinen, Antti

    2015-07-01

    High revision rates attributable to adverse reactions to metal debris have been reported for total hip arthroplasties (THAs) with metal-on-metal implants and hip resurfacings. The effect of revision on blood metal ion levels is described only in small series, the clinical results of revisions have been contradictory, and concerns regarding component loosening have been presented. We asked: (1) Did revision surgery result in a reduction to normal for whole blood cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr) levels (2) What changes to the Oxford Hip Score were observed after revision of these hips with metal-on-metal implants? (3) Were there radiologic signs of component loosening observed on 1-year followup radiographs? Between September 2010 and April 2013, 154 patients (166 hips) who had THAs with implantation of the Articular Surface Replacement (ASR™) system and 44 patients (49 hips) who had hip resurfacings of the ASR™ implant underwent revision surgery for adverse reactions to metal debris at our institution, after recall of these components in August 2010. General indications for revision of these implants included a symptomatic hip and/or a predominantly solid pseudotumor seen on cross-sectional imaging. Since recall, patients were systematically followed after revision with Oxford Hip Score questionnaires, blood Co and Cr measurements (analyzed from whole blood with dynamic reaction-cell inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry), and plain radiographs at 2 and 12 months after revision surgery, and thereafter at 2-year intervals. Preoperative and 1-year postoperative blood Co and Cr values were available for 93% (185 of 198 patients), Oxford Hip Score for 76% (151 of 198 patients), and plain radiographs for all patients. Whole-blood levels of Co decreased below the 7 ppb cut-off value in all patients with revision of unilateral THA or resurfacing, however, blood Cr levels remained elevated in four of 90 patients (4%) in the unilateral THA group and four of 34

  12. Age-related changes in bone architecture.

    PubMed

    Giordano, Vincenzo; Franco, José Sérgio; Koch, Hilton Augusto; Labronici, Pedro José; Pires, Robinson Esteves S; Amaral, Ney Pecegueiro DO

    2016-01-01

    morfométricas de biópsias ósseas da região anterior da crista ilíaca de pacientes de diferentes faixas etárias. foram estudadas 30 amostras de osso da crista ilíaca, utilizando-se microscopia óptica de campo claro. As amostras foram divididas pela faixa etária dos doadores em três grupos: Grupo 1 (n = 10), indivíduos com idade entre 25 e 39 anos; Grupo 2 (n = 10), indivíduos com idade entre 40 e 64 anos; Grupo 3 (n = 10), indivíduos com idade igual ou superior a 65 anos. As amostras foram separadas aleatoriamente em dois conjuntos com 15 peças. No primeiro segmento do estudo (n = 15), foi avaliada histologicamente a propriedade osteogênica do enxerto, através da análise da reserva celular no periósteo, do número de osteócitos nas lacunas e da quantidade de canais de Havers e de Volkmann. No segundo segmento do estudo (n = 15), investigou-se morfologicamente a propriedade osteocondutora do enxerto, através da quantificação da rede trabecular (Vv) e da área trabecular (Sv). histologicamente, observou-se que ocorre degeneração do tecido ósseo com a idade, caracterizada pelo adelgaçamento do periósteo, com substituição gradual da camada osteogênica por tecido fibroso, pequena quantidade de canais de Havers e de Volkmann, osteoplastos vazios e trabéculas finas de osso esponjoso, permitindo amplo espaço medular, em geral ocupado por células lipídicas e adipócitos. Morfologicamente, com relação à quantificação da rede trabecular (Vv), foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os Grupos 1 e 3 e entre os Grupos 2 e 3, com redução da rede trabecular de cerca de 45% no idoso acima de 65 anos de idade; não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os Grupos 1 e 2. Não foi observada diferença estatística entre os grupos quanto à Sv. os achados do presente experimento sugerem que nos indivíduos idosos (acima de 65 anos de idade), a propriedade osteogênica do enxerto ósseo autólogo diminui e a

  13. Recurrent headache as the main symptom of acquired cerebral toxoplasmosis in nonhuman immunodeficiency virus-infected subjects with no lymphadenopathy: the parasite may be responsible for the neurogenic inflammation postulated as a cause of different types of headaches.

    PubMed

    Prandota, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) activity reported in atopic than in nonatopic individuals, and an important role that IDO and tryptophan degradation pathways plays in both, the host resistance to T. gondii infection and its reactivation. Analysis of literature information on the subjects with different types of headaches caused by foods, medications, and other substances, may suggest that their clinical symptoms and changes in laboratory data result at least in part from interference of these factors with dietary tryptophan biotransformation pathways. Several of these agents caused headache attacks through enhancing NO production via the conversion of arginine to citrulline and NO by the inducible nitric oxide synthase enzyme, which results in the high-output pathway of NO synthesis. This increased production of NO is, however, quickly down-regulated by NO itself because this biomolecule can directly inactivate NOS, may inhibit Ia expression on IFN-gamma-activated macrophages, which would limit antigen-presenting capability, and block T-cell proliferation, thus decreasing the antitoxoplasmatic activity. Moreover, NO inhibits IDO activity, thereby suppressing kynurenine formation, and at least one member of the kynurenine pathway, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, has been shown to inhibit NOS enzyme activity, the expression of NOS mRNA, and activation of the inflammatory transcription factor, nuclear factor-kB. In addition, the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10, TGF-beta, and a cytokine known as macrophage deactivating factor, have been shown to directly modulate NO production, sometimes expressing synergistic activity. On the other hand, IL-4 and TGF-beta can suppress IDO activity in some cells, for example human monocytes and fibroblasts, which is consistent with metabolic pathways controlled by IDO being a significant contributor to the proinflammatory system. Also, it seems that idiopathic intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri, and aseptic meningitis, induced