Science.gov

Sample records for psychological postal survey

  1. A Comparison of a Postal Survey and Mixed-Mode Survey Using a Questionnaire on Patients’ Experiences With Breast Care

    PubMed Central

    Hendriks, Michelle; Koopman, Laura; Spreeuwenberg, Peter; Rademakers, Jany

    2011-01-01

    Background The Internet is increasingly considered to be an efficient medium for assessing the quality of health care seen from the patients’ perspective. Potential benefits of Internet surveys such as time efficiency, reduced effort, and lower costs should be balanced against potential weaknesses such as low response rates and accessibility for only a subset of potential participants. Combining an Internet questionnaire with a traditional paper follow-up questionnaire (mixed-mode survey) can possibly compensate for these weaknesses and provide an alternative to a postal survey. Objective To examine whether there are differences between a mixed-mode survey and a postal survey in terms of respondent characteristics, response rate and time, quality of data, costs, and global ratings of health care or health care providers (general practitioner, hospital care in the diagnostic phase, surgeon, nurses, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and hospital care in general). Methods Differences between the two surveys were examined in a sample of breast care patients using the Consumer Quality Index Breast Care questionnaire. We selected 800 breast care patients from the reimbursement files of Dutch health insurance companies. We asked 400 patients to fill out the questionnaire online followed by a paper reminder (mixed-mode survey) and 400 patients, matched by age and gender, received the questionnaire by mail only (postal survey). Both groups received three reminders. Results The respondents to the two surveys did not differ in age, gender, level of education, or self-reported physical and psychological health (all Ps > .05). In the postal survey, the questionnaires were returned 20 days earlier than in the mixed-mode survey (median 12 and 32 days, respectively; P < .001), whereas the response rate did not differ significantly (256/400, 64.0% versus 242/400, 60.5%, respectively; P = .30). The costs were lower for the mixed-mode survey (€2 per questionnaire). Moreover, there were

  2. A comparison of a postal survey and mixed-mode survey using a questionnaire on patients' experiences with breast care.

    PubMed

    Zuidgeest, Marloes; Hendriks, Michelle; Koopman, Laura; Spreeuwenberg, Peter; Rademakers, Jany

    2011-09-27

    The Internet is increasingly considered to be an efficient medium for assessing the quality of health care seen from the patients' perspective. Potential benefits of Internet surveys such as time efficiency, reduced effort, and lower costs should be balanced against potential weaknesses such as low response rates and accessibility for only a subset of potential participants. Combining an Internet questionnaire with a traditional paper follow-up questionnaire (mixed-mode survey) can possibly compensate for these weaknesses and provide an alternative to a postal survey. To examine whether there are differences between a mixed-mode survey and a postal survey in terms of respondent characteristics, response rate and time, quality of data, costs, and global ratings of health care or health care providers (general practitioner, hospital care in the diagnostic phase, surgeon, nurses, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and hospital care in general). Differences between the two surveys were examined in a sample of breast care patients using the Consumer Quality Index Breast Care questionnaire. We selected 800 breast care patients from the reimbursement files of Dutch health insurance companies. We asked 400 patients to fill out the questionnaire online followed by a paper reminder (mixed-mode survey) and 400 patients, matched by age and gender, received the questionnaire by mail only (postal survey). Both groups received three reminders. The respondents to the two surveys did not differ in age, gender, level of education, or self-reported physical and psychological health (all Ps > .05). In the postal survey, the questionnaires were returned 20 days earlier than in the mixed-mode survey (median 12 and 32 days, respectively; P < .001), whereas the response rate did not differ significantly (256/400, 64.0% versus 242/400, 60.5%, respectively; P = .30). The costs were lower for the mixed-mode survey (€2 per questionnaire). Moreover, there were fewer missing items (3.4% versus 4

  3. Postal surveys versus electronic mail surveys. The tortoise and the hare revisited.

    PubMed

    Mavis, B E; Brocato, J J

    1998-09-01

    The advent of computer-based technology has led to a consideration of change in research methods that exploit the advantages of computer-mediated communications. In survey research, electronic mail (e-mail) has anecdotally shown particular promise as a data collection tool. This article compares traditional postal and nontraditional e-mail surveys within the context of a larger listserv evaluation project in terms of overall return rate, distribution of survey returns over time, response to initial and follow-up mailings, representativeness of respondent groups, thoroughness of survey completion, and the likelihood of respondents to include additional written comments. In summary, whereas postal surveys were shown to be superior to e-mail surveys with regard to response rate, all things being equal, the decision of which to use may be situation-specific, dependent on issues such as survey cost, desire for convenience and timeliness in data collection, and need for higher response rates, among others.

  4. A monetary incentive increases postal survey response rates for pharmacists

    PubMed Central

    Paul, C.; Walsh, R.; Tzelepis, F.

    2005-01-01

    Background: Achieving acceptable response rates from health care providers via postal questionnaires is an ongoing challenge. The use of monetary incentives is one of the most effective strategies for increasing response rates. However, the effect and cost of such an incentive on retail pharmacists' response rates has not been well studied. Methods: A sample of 700 pharmacies was selected at random from the electronic Yellow Pages in NSW Australia and mailed a brief survey regarding pharmacotherapies and advice for smoking cessation. Half of the sample was randomly allocated to receive an offer of an US$14 gift voucher. Results: The response rates were 65.9% for the voucher group and 53.5% for the no-voucher group. The odds of response from the voucher group was 1.68 (95%CI = 1.23, 2.30) times greater than for the no-voucher group. The cost per additional respondent was US$67.95. The incentive also reduced follow up costs by 10%. Conclusions: A moderately sized monetary incentive is able to achieve a significant increase in response rates for retail pharmacists, thereby reducing potential bias in the sample. PMID:16286502

  5. Electronic mail was not better than postal mail for surveying residents and faculty.

    PubMed

    Akl, Elie A; Maroun, Nancy; Klocke, Robert A; Montori, Victor; Schünemann, Holger J

    2005-04-01

    To compare response rate, time to response, and data quality of electronic and postal surveys in the setting of postgraduate medical education. A randomized controlled trial in a university-based internal medicine residency program. We randomized 119 residents and 83 faculty to an electronic versus a postal survey with up to two reminders and measured response rate, time to response, and data quality. For residents, the e-survey resulted in a lower response rate than the postal survey (63.3% versus 79.7%; difference -16.3%, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) -32.3% to -0.4%%; P=.049), but a shorter mean response time, by 3.8 days (95% CI 0.2-7.4; P=.042). For faculty, the e-survey did not result in a significantly lower response rate than the postal survey (85.4% vs. 81.0%; difference 4.4%, 95% CI -11.7 to 20.5%; P=.591), but resulted in a shorter average response time, by 8.4 days (95% CI 4.4 to 12.4; P < 0.001). There were no differences in the quality of data or responses to the survey between the two methods. E-surveys were not superior to postal surveys in terms of response rate, but resulted in shorter time to response and equivalent data quality.

  6. GPs' attitudes to personal continuity: findings from everyday practice differ from postal surveys.

    PubMed

    Schers, Henk; Bor, Hans; van den Bosch, Wil; Grol, Richard

    2006-07-01

    We conducted a study in which we measured GPs' attitudes towards personal continuity directly after consultations, and identified which factors predicted its perceived importance. Moreover, we related these data to attitudes as measured by a postal survey. GPs varied considerably in their attitudes towards personal continuity. Continuity was valued for serious and psychosocial issues and also for routine checks for a chronic illness. There was no relation whatsoever between the importance that individual GPs attached to continuity after consultations, and their scores on the postal survey.

  7. Postal surveys: a review of articles published in the Medical Journal of Malaysia between 1991-2000.

    PubMed

    Yeap, J S; Hon, S K; Yeap, J K

    2002-03-01

    Postal surveys are becoming an increasingly popular method of conducting research in Malaysia. However, the response rates from these surveys have not been well studied. All postal surveys published in the Medical Journal of Malaysia between 1991-2000 were therefore reviewed to provide an overview of the response rates that may be expected, and to assess if this is a valid method of conducting research here. The response rates of postal surveys ranged from 30-87.5%. Seven of 13 postal surveys (54%) had a response rate of less than 50% and only 2 of 13 (15.4%) had a response rate of more than 70%, raising doubts on the use of postal surveys as a research tool.

  8. Testing survey methodology to measure patients' experiences and views of the emergency and urgent care system: telephone versus postal survey

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background To address three methodological challenges when attempting to measure patients' experiences and views of a system of inter-related health services rather than a single service: the feasibility of a population survey for identifying system users, the optimal recall period for system use, and the mode of administration which is most feasible and representative in the context of routine measurement of system performance. Methods Postal survey of a random sample of 900 members of the general population and market research telephone survey of quota sample of 1000 members of the general population. Results Response rates to the postal and market research telephone population surveys were 51% (457 out of 893 receiving the questionnaire) and 9% (1014 out of 11924 contactable telephone numbers) respectively. Both surveys were able to identify users of the system in the previous three months: 22% (99/457) of postal and 15% (151/1000) of telephone survey respondents. For both surveys, recall of event occurrence reduced by a half after four weeks. The telephone survey more accurately estimated use of individual services within the system than the postal survey. Experiences and views of events remained reasonably stable over the three month recall time period for both modes of administration. Even though the response rate was lower, the telephone survey was more representative of the population, was faster and cheaper to undertake, and had fewer missing values. Conclusions It is possible to identify users of a health care system using a population survey. A recall period of three months can be used to estimate experiences and views but one month is more accurate for estimating use of the system. A quota sample market research telephone survey gives a low response rate yet is more representative and accurate than a postal survey of a random sample of the population. PMID:20534151

  9. Higher professional education for general practitioners: postal questionnaire survey.

    PubMed

    Smith, L F; Eve, R; Crabtree, R

    2000-04-01

    There is no consensus about whether higher professional education (HPE) is necessary for general practitioners (GPs) to complete their vocational training. To investigate beliefs about the need for HPE, its funding, duration, curriculum, and whether new principals (NPs) are eligible to undertake it. A confidential postal questionnaire was sent to senior partners, GP registrars, NPs, GP trainers, and GP tutors, principally in the old South West region of England, and nationally to other 'academic' GPs. Of 1199 GPs, 750 (62.6%) replied; 561 (79.2%) responders agreed with the principle of HPE for NPs, especially members of the Royal College of General Practitioners and academic GPs; senior partners (SPs) were less likely to agree (all P < 0.001). Of 700 GPs, 331 (50.3%) believed that HPE should last one or two years, 66.4% agreed that NPs should have a major input into the HPE curriculum, and 54.6% agreed that health authorities should be major sources of funding, together with the postgraduate deans (29.9%). GP tutors and trainers should have the main responsibility for teaching HPE. The principal barriers to setting up a HPE course are the financial cost, the time cost, difficulty in changing the status quo, and various practical problems. The facilitatory influences are: the enthusiasm of the NPs and of their clinical colleagues, an appropriate educational environment, a high quality clinical base, and recognition that NPs have specific needs. Of 668 GPs, 89.7% would release NPs if an HPE course were free and locums were paid, although SPs were less likely to agree (P < 0.001); if the HPE course cost the practice money, then only 30.6% would release NPs. If adequately externally funded, then there is widespread support for HPE with most GPs willing to release NPs. NPs and existing GP teachers should decide the curriculum. Its aim should be to provide educational support for NPs during the transition from GP registrar to fully-trained GP principal.

  10. The management of depressive symptoms in patients with COPD: a postal survey of general practitioners.

    PubMed

    Yohannes, Abebaw Mengistu; Hann, Mark; Sibbald, Bonnie

    2011-07-01

    We examined the management of depression by general practitioners (GPs), through the use of case vignettes, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), severe osteoarthritis and depressive symptoms alone. Depression is common in patients with COPD. Untreated depression leads to poor compliance with medical treatment and increases health-care utilisation. We surveyed a random sample of GPs (n = 3956) in England using a postal questionnaire. The questionnaire explored how GPs would approach the management of emotional distress in patients with and without a chronic condition and gauged their views of and experiences with depression in patients with COPD. A total of 864 completed responses were received (22%). In the vignettes, a significantly greater percentage of GPs reported that they would explore or offer the diagnosis of depression in a patient with COPD (95.4%) compared with patients with either severe osteoarthritis (88.3%) or depressive symptoms alone (86.3%). In each case, the vast majority of GPs reported that they would explore a diagnosis of depression using a clinical diagnostic tool. The preferred method of treatment, if offered, in all three cases was a combination of anti-depressant drugs and psychological therapy. GPs endorsed the importance of routinely screening for depression in patients who have COPD and acknowledged that depression impairs patient self-management of COPD.In conclusion, GPs in England were able to diagnose depression from the vignettes and plan appropriate treatment strategies in patients with chronic diseases. This should be complemented with thorough physical examination by GPs to rule out other factors such as the impact of physical illness. GPs believe depression interferes with patient self-management of COPD.

  11. Rates, Delays, and Completeness of General Practitioners' Responses to a Postal Versus Web-Based Survey: A Randomized Trial.

    PubMed

    Sebo, Paul; Maisonneuve, Hubert; Cerutti, Bernard; Fournier, Jean Pascal; Senn, Nicolas; Haller, Dagmar M

    2017-03-22

    Web-based surveys have become a new and popular method for collecting data, but only a few studies have directly compared postal and Web-based surveys among physicians, and none to our knowledge among general practitioners (GPs). Our aim is to compare two modes of survey delivery (postal and Web-based) in terms of participation rates, response times, and completeness of questionnaires in a study assessing GPs' preventive practices. This randomized study was conducted in Western Switzerland (Geneva and Vaud) and in France (Alsace and Pays de la Loire) in 2015. A random selection of community-based GPs (1000 GPs in Switzerland and 2400 GPs in France) were randomly allocated to receive a questionnaire about preventive care activities either by post (n=700 in Switzerland, n=400 in France) or by email (n=300 in Switzerland, n=2000 in France). Reminder messages were sent once in the postal group and twice in the Web-based group. Any GPs practicing only complementary and alternative medicine were excluded from the study. Among the 3400 contacted GPs, 764 (22.47%, 95% CI 21.07%-23.87%) returned the questionnaire. Compared to the postal group, the participation rate in the Web-based group was more than four times lower (246/2300, 10.70% vs 518/1100, 47.09%, P<.001), but median response time was much shorter (1 day vs 1-3 weeks, P<.001) and the number of GPs having fully completed the questionnaire was almost twice as high (157/246, 63.8% vs 179/518, 34.6%, P<.001). Web-based surveys offer many advantages such as reduced response time, higher completeness of data, and large cost savings, but our findings suggest that postal surveys can be still considered for GP research. The use of mixed-mode approaches is probably a good strategy to increase GPs' participation in surveys while reducing costs.

  12. Professional satisfaction of family physicians in Pakistan--results of a cross-sectional postal survey.

    PubMed

    Ashraf, Hiba; Shah, Nasir; Anwer, Fahad; Akhtar, Hina; Abro, Mairaj Anwar; Khan, Asma

    2014-04-01

    To assess the level of professional satisfaction amongst family physicians of Pakistan and to identify the factors associated with professional dissatisfaction. The study was part of a larger national survey for "Status of PostgraduateTraining and Continuing Medical Education of Family Physicians in Pakistan" which was a cross-sectional, postal survey of family physicians conducted over 10 months between November 2009 and September 2010. The main outcome variables were professional satisfaction, as well as reasons for professional satisfaction and dissatisfaction. SPSS 17 was used for data analysis. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with professional dissatisfaction. Of the total 1200 survey forms distributed, 288 (24%) were received back. The mean age of the participants was 37 +/- 9 years with a range between 26 and 72 years. Of the total, 226 (78.5%) were males. Overall, 213 (74%) family physicians were satisfied with their profession. The factors significantly associated with professional dissatisfaction included the participants opinion that they were not respected by the public (OR: 11.6, C.I: 1.9-71.5); as well as regretting being a doctor (OR:62.9, C.I: 8.4-469.8). Most of the family physicians had professional satisfaction, but a minority had regrets about being a doctor and were dissatisfied over how their profession affected their family life. Further research may be needed to study work-life balance amongst family physicians of Pakistan.

  13. Prepayment was superior to postpayment cash incentives in a randomized postal survey among physicians.

    PubMed

    Leung, Gabriel M; Johnston, Janice M; Saing, Hnin; Tin, Keith Y K; Wong, Irene O L; Ho, Lai-Ming

    2004-08-01

    Improving response rates, particularly among physicians, is important to minimize nonresponder bias and increase the effective sample size in epidemiologic research. We conducted a randomized trial to examine the impact of prepayment vs. postpayment incentives on response rates. Self-completion postal questionnaires were mailed to 949 physicians who were respondents to an earlier survey and representative of the general physician population in Hong Kong. These physicians were randomly allocated to receive a HK dollar 20 cash prepayment incentive that accompanied the survey (n=474) or a postpayment reward of the same amount on receipt of the completed questionnaire (n=475). The final prepayment response rate was 82.9%, compared with 72.5% in the postpayment arm (P < .001). Of the eight alternative incentive and follow-up strategies evaluated, three lie on the efficiency frontier (i.e., not dominated), including postpayment with three mailings at HK dollar 42.7, prepayment with three mailings at HK dollar 66.5 and prepayment with three mailings and telephone follow-up at HK dollar 112.1 per responder recruited (US dollar 1=HK dollar 7.8). The findings demonstrate that prepayment cash incentives are superior to postpayment of the equivalent amount in improving response rates among a representative sample of Hong Kong physicians. Further research should concentrate on confirming the generalizability of these findings in other health care occupation groups and settings.

  14. "Do I really want to do this?" Longitudinal cohort study participants' perspectives on postal survey design: a qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Harcombe, Helen; Derrett, Sarah; Herbison, Peter; McBride, David

    2011-01-27

    Randomised controlled trials have investigated aspects of postal survey design yet cannot elaborate on reasons behind participants' decision making and survey behaviour. This paper reports participants' perspectives of the design of, and participation in, a longitudinal postal cohort survey. It describes strengths and weaknesses in study design from the perspectives of study participants and aims to contribute to the: 1) design of future cohort surveys and questionnaires generally and, 2) design of cohort surveys for people with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) specifically. In-depth interviews explored the design of postal surveys previously completed by participants. Interviews used open ended questioning with a topic guide for prompts if areas of interest were not covered spontaneously. Thematic data analysis was undertaken based on the framework method. A second researcher verified all coding. Data from fourteen interviews were analysed within three main themes; participation, survey design and survey content. One of the main findings was the importance of clear communication aimed at the correct audience both when inviting potential participants to take part and within the survey itself. Providing enough information about the study, having a topic of interest and an explanation of likely benefits of the study were important when inviting people to participate. The neutrality of the survey and origination from a reputable source were both important; as was an explanation about why information was being collected within the survey itself. Study findings included participants' impressions when invited to take part, why they participated, the acceptability of follow-up of non-responders and why participants completed the follow-up postal survey. Also discussed were participants' first impression of the survey, its length, presentation and participants' views about specific questions within the survey. Ideas generated in this study provide an insight into

  15. "Do I really want to do this?" Longitudinal cohort study participants' perspectives on postal survey design: a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Randomised controlled trials have investigated aspects of postal survey design yet cannot elaborate on reasons behind participants' decision making and survey behaviour. This paper reports participants' perspectives of the design of, and participation in, a longitudinal postal cohort survey. It describes strengths and weaknesses in study design from the perspectives of study participants and aims to contribute to the: 1) design of future cohort surveys and questionnaires generally and, 2) design of cohort surveys for people with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) specifically. Methods In-depth interviews explored the design of postal surveys previously completed by participants. Interviews used open ended questioning with a topic guide for prompts if areas of interest were not covered spontaneously. Thematic data analysis was undertaken based on the framework method. A second researcher verified all coding. Results Data from fourteen interviews were analysed within three main themes; participation, survey design and survey content. One of the main findings was the importance of clear communication aimed at the correct audience both when inviting potential participants to take part and within the survey itself. Providing enough information about the study, having a topic of interest and an explanation of likely benefits of the study were important when inviting people to participate. The neutrality of the survey and origination from a reputable source were both important; as was an explanation about why information was being collected within the survey itself. Study findings included participants' impressions when invited to take part, why they participated, the acceptability of follow-up of non-responders and why participants completed the follow-up postal survey. Also discussed were participants' first impression of the survey, its length, presentation and participants' views about specific questions within the survey. Conclusions Ideas generated in this

  16. National survey of physicians to determine the effect of unconditional incentives on response rates of physician postal surveys

    PubMed Central

    Abdulaziz, Kasim; Brehaut, Jamie; Taljaard, Monica; Émond, Marcel; Sirois, Marie-Josée; Lee, Jacques S; Wilding, Laura; Perry, Jeffrey J

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Physicians are a commonly targeted group in health research surveys, but their response rates are often relatively low. The goal of this paper was to evaluate the effect of unconditional incentives in the form of a coffee card on physician postal survey response rates. Design Following 13 key informant interviews and eight cognitive interviews a survey questionnaire was developed. Participants A random sample of 534 physicians, stratified by physician group (geriatricians, family physicians, emergency physicians) was selected from a national medical directory. Setting Using computer generated random numbers; half of the physicians in each stratum were allocated to receive a coffee card to a popular national coffee chain together with the first survey mailout. Interventions The intervention was a $10 Tim Hortons gift card given to half of the physicians who were randomly allocated to receive the incentive. Results 265 (57.0%) physicians completed the survey. The response rate was significantly higher in the group allocated to receive the incentive (62.7% vs 51.3% in the control group; p=0.01). Conclusions Our results indicate that an unconditional incentive in the form of a coffee gift card can substantially improve physician response rates. Future research can look at the effect of varying amounts of cash on the gift cards on response rates. PMID:25694460

  17. National survey of physicians to determine the effect of unconditional incentives on response rates of physician postal surveys.

    PubMed

    Abdulaziz, Kasim; Brehaut, Jamie; Taljaard, Monica; Émond, Marcel; Sirois, Marie-Josée; Lee, Jacques S; Wilding, Laura; Perry, Jeffrey J

    2015-02-18

    Physicians are a commonly targeted group in health research surveys, but their response rates are often relatively low. The goal of this paper was to evaluate the effect of unconditional incentives in the form of a coffee card on physician postal survey response rates. Following 13 key informant interviews and eight cognitive interviews a survey questionnaire was developed. A random sample of 534 physicians, stratified by physician group (geriatricians, family physicians, emergency physicians) was selected from a national medical directory. Using computer generated random numbers; half of the physicians in each stratum were allocated to receive a coffee card to a popular national coffee chain together with the first survey mailout. The intervention was a $10 Tim Hortons gift card given to half of the physicians who were randomly allocated to receive the incentive. 265 (57.0%) physicians completed the survey. The response rate was significantly higher in the group allocated to receive the incentive (62.7% vs 51.3% in the control group; p=0.01). Our results indicate that an unconditional incentive in the form of a coffee gift card can substantially improve physician response rates. Future research can look at the effect of varying amounts of cash on the gift cards on response rates. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  18. Pre-notification letter type and response rate to a postal survey among women who have recently given birth.

    PubMed

    Todd, Angela L; Porter, Maree; Williamson, Jennifer L; Patterson, Jillian A; Roberts, Christine L

    2015-12-01

    Surveys are commonly used in health research to assess patient satisfaction with hospital care. Achieving an adequate response rate, in the face of declining trends over time, threatens the quality and reliability of survey results. This paper evaluates a strategy to increase the response rate in a postal satisfaction survey with women who had recently given birth. A sample of 2048 Australian women who had recently given birth at seven maternity units in New South Wales were invited to participate in a postal survey about their recent experiences with maternity care. The study design included a randomised controlled trial that tested two types of pre-notification letter (with or without the option of opting out of the survey). The study also explored the acceptability of a request for consent to link survey data with existing routinely collected health data (omitting the latter data items from the survey reduced survey length and participant burden). This consent was requested of all women. The survey had an overall response rate of 46% (913 completed surveys returned, total sample 1989). Women receiving the pre-notification letter with the option of opting out of the survey were more likely to actively decline to participate than women receiving the letter without this option, although the overall numbers of women declining were small (27 versus 12). Letter type was not significantly associated with the return of a completed survey. Among women who completed the survey, 97% gave consent to link their survey data with existing health data. The two types of pre-notification letters used in our study did not influence the survey response rate. However, seeking consent for record linkage was highly acceptable to women who completed the survey, and represents an important strategy to add to the arsenal for designing and implementing effective surveys. In addition to aspects of survey design, future research should explore how to more effectively influence personal

  19. Barriers to apply cardiovascular prediction rules in primary care: a postal survey

    PubMed Central

    Eichler, Klaus; Zoller, Marco; Tschudi, Peter; Steurer, Johann

    2007-01-01

    Background Although cardiovascular prediction rules are recommended by guidelines to evaluate global cardiovascular risk for primary prevention, they are rarely used in primary care. Little is known about barriers for application. The objective of this study was to evaluate barriers impeding the application of cardiovascular prediction rules in primary prevention. Methods We performed a postal survey among general physicians in two Swiss Cantons by a purpose designed questionnaire. Results 356 of 772 dispatched questionnaires were returned (response rate 49.3%). About three quarters (74%) of general physicians rarely or never use cardiovascular prediction rules. Most often stated barriers to apply prediction rules among rarely- or never-users are doubts concerning over-simplification of risk assessment using these instruments (58%) and potential risk of (medical) over-treatment (54%). 57% report that the numerical information resulting from prediction rules is often not helpful for decision-making in practice. Conclusion If regular application of cardiovascular prediction rules in primary care is in demand additional interventions are needed to increase acceptance of these tools for patient management among general physicians. PMID:17201905

  20. A postal survey of hydrosalpinx management prior to IVF in the United Kingdom.

    PubMed

    Hammadieh, N; Afnan, M; Evans, J; Sharif, K; Amso, N; Olufowobi, O

    2004-04-01

    In the last decade, numerous studies have demonstrated concern about the presence of hydrosalpinx and its management in patients undergoing IVF. We evaluated the current management of hydrosalpinx prior to IVF treatment in the UK. A total of 117 postal survey, anonymous, sealed questionnaires were sent to all IVF centres in the UK, to determine the policy for the management of hydrosalpinx in infertile women prior to IVF treatment. There were 88 (75%) responders, of which 80 (91%) indicated that they discussed the effect of hydrosalpinx on IVF outcome. Ten (12%) units did not recommend treatment of hydrosalpinx prior to IVF treatment, while 30 (36%), 27 (33%) and 16 (19%) recommended treatment weakly, strongly and very strongly respectively. The treatment options offered by clinicians were laparoscopic salpingectomy (75%), open salpingectomy (45%), salpingostomy (40%), proximal tubal occlusion (34%), transvaginal songraphic (TVS) aspiration during oocyte collection (23%) and TVS aspiration before oocyte collection (10%). The frequency of use varied from one option of treatment to another. Only 28% of the responders had a protocol or guidelines for the management of hydrosalpinx. More attention should be given to patients with hydrosalpinx prior to IVF treatment and patients should be counselled about the negative effect of hydrosalpinx on IVF outcome. There is a wide variation in the management of hydrosalpinx prior to IVF treatment in the UK and many treatment options may be questionable, as they are not yet based on evidence.

  1. Emergency nurse practitioner services in major accident and emergency departments: a United Kingdom postal survey.

    PubMed Central

    Tye, C C; Ross, F; Kerry, S M

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To establish the current and predicted distribution of formal emergency nurse practitioner services in major accident and emergency departments in the United Kingdom; to determine organisational variations in service provision, with specific reference to funding, role configuration, training, and scope of clinical activity. METHODS: Postal survey of senior nurses of all major accident and emergency departments in the United Kingdom (n = 293) in May/June 1996. RESULTS: There were 274 replies (94% response rate): 98 departments (36%) provided a formal service; a further 91 departments (33%) reported definite plans to introduce a service by the end of 1996; smaller departments, under 40000 new patient attendances annually, were less likely to provide a service than busier units (p < 0.001, chi2 for trend). Three different methods of making the role operational were identified: dedicated, integrated, and rotational. Only 16 (18%) were able to provide a 24 hour service; 91 departments (93%) employed emergency nurse practitioners who had received specific training, but wide variations in length, content, and academic level were noted; 82 departments (84%) authorised nurse practitioners to order x rays independently, but only 35 (36%) allowed them to interpret radiographs; 67 (68%) permitted "over the counter" drug supplying under local protocol, and 52 (54%), "prescription only" drug supplying from an agreed list. CONCLUSIONS: Formal emergency nurse practitioner services are provided in all parts of the United Kingdom, with predicted figures suggesting a rapidly accelerating upward trend. Wide variations in service organisation, training, and scope of activity are evident. PMID:9475220

  2. Recruitment barriers in a randomized controlled trial from the physicians' perspective – A postal survey

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background The feasibility of randomized trials often depends on successful patient recruitment. Although numerous recruitment barriers have been identified it is unclear which of them complicate recruitment most. Also, most surveys have focused on the patients' perspective of recruitment barriers whereas the perspective of recruiting physicians has received less attention. Therefore, our aim was to conduct a postal survey among recruiting physicians of a multi-center trial to weigh barriers according to their impact on recruitment. Methods We identified any potential recruitment barriers from the literature and from our own experience with a multi-center trial of respiratory rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We developed and pilot-tested a self-administered questionnaire where recruiting physicians were asked to express their agreement with statements about recruitment barriers on a Likert-type scale from 1 (full agreement with statement = very substantial recruitment barrier) to 7 (no agreement with statement = no recruitment barrier). Results 38 of 55 recruiting physicians returned questionnaires (69% response rate), of which 35 could be analyzed (64% useable response rate). Recruiting physicians reported that "time constraints" (median agreement of 3, interquartile range 2–5) had the most negative impact on recruitment followed by "difficulties including identified eligible patients" (median agreement of 5, IQR 3–6). Other barriers such as "trial design barriers", "lack of access to treatment", "individual barriers of recruiting physicians" or "insufficient training of recruiting physicians" were perceived to have little or no impact on patient recruitment. Conclusion Physicians perceived time constraints as the most relevant recruitment barrier in a randomized trial. To overcome recruitment barriers interventions, that are affordable for both industry- and investigator-driven trials, need to be developed and tested in

  3. Rates, Delays, and Completeness of General Practitioners’ Responses to a Postal Versus Web-Based Survey: A Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Maisonneuve, Hubert; Cerutti, Bernard; Fournier, Jean Pascal; Senn, Nicolas; Haller, Dagmar M

    2017-01-01

    Background Web-based surveys have become a new and popular method for collecting data, but only a few studies have directly compared postal and Web-based surveys among physicians, and none to our knowledge among general practitioners (GPs). Objective Our aim is to compare two modes of survey delivery (postal and Web-based) in terms of participation rates, response times, and completeness of questionnaires in a study assessing GPs’ preventive practices. Methods This randomized study was conducted in Western Switzerland (Geneva and Vaud) and in France (Alsace and Pays de la Loire) in 2015. A random selection of community-based GPs (1000 GPs in Switzerland and 2400 GPs in France) were randomly allocated to receive a questionnaire about preventive care activities either by post (n=700 in Switzerland, n=400 in France) or by email (n=300 in Switzerland, n=2000 in France). Reminder messages were sent once in the postal group and twice in the Web-based group. Any GPs practicing only complementary and alternative medicine were excluded from the study. Results Among the 3400 contacted GPs, 764 (22.47%, 95% CI 21.07%-23.87%) returned the questionnaire. Compared to the postal group, the participation rate in the Web-based group was more than four times lower (246/2300, 10.70% vs 518/1100, 47.09%, P<.001), but median response time was much shorter (1 day vs 1-3 weeks, P<.001) and the number of GPs having fully completed the questionnaire was almost twice as high (157/246, 63.8% vs 179/518, 34.6%, P<.001). Conclusions Web-based surveys offer many advantages such as reduced response time, higher completeness of data, and large cost savings, but our findings suggest that postal surveys can be still considered for GP research. The use of mixed-mode approaches is probably a good strategy to increase GPs’ participation in surveys while reducing costs. PMID:28330830

  4. Comparison of response rates and cost-effectiveness for a community-based survey: postal, internet and telephone modes with generic or personalised recruitment approaches

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Epidemiological research often requires collection of data from a representative sample of the community or recruitment of specific groups through broad community approaches. The population coverage of traditional survey methods such as mail-outs to residential addresses, and telephone contact via public directories or random-digit-dialing is declining and survey response rates are falling. There is a need to explore new sampling frames and consider multiple response modes including those offered by changes in telecommunications and internet technology. Methods We evaluated response rates and cost-effectiveness for three modes of survey administration (postal invitation/postal survey, postal invitation/internet survey and postal invitation/telephone survey) and two styles of contact approach (personalised and generic) in a community survey of greywater use. Potential respondents were contacted only once, with no follow up of non-responders. Results The telephone survey produced the highest adjusted response rate (30.2%), followed by the personalised postal survey (10.5%), generic postal survey (7.5%) and then the internet survey (4.7% for the personalised approach and 2.2% for the generic approach). There were some differences in household characteristics and greywater use rates between respondents to different survey modes, and between respondents to personalised and generic approaches. These may be attributable to the differing levels of motivations needed for a response, and varying levels of interest in the survey topic among greywater users and non-users. The generic postal survey had the lowest costs per valid survey received (Australian $22.93), followed by the personalised postal survey ($24.75). Conclusions Our findings suggest that postal surveys currently remain the most economic option for population-based studies, with similar costs for personalised and generic approaches. Internet surveys may be effective for specialised groups where email

  5. Comparison of response rates and cost-effectiveness for a community-based survey: postal, internet and telephone modes with generic or personalised recruitment approaches.

    PubMed

    Sinclair, Martha; O'Toole, Joanne; Malawaraarachchi, Manori; Leder, Karin

    2012-08-31

    Epidemiological research often requires collection of data from a representative sample of the community or recruitment of specific groups through broad community approaches. The population coverage of traditional survey methods such as mail-outs to residential addresses, and telephone contact via public directories or random-digit-dialing is declining and survey response rates are falling. There is a need to explore new sampling frames and consider multiple response modes including those offered by changes in telecommunications and internet technology. We evaluated response rates and cost-effectiveness for three modes of survey administration (postal invitation/postal survey, postal invitation/internet survey and postal invitation/telephone survey) and two styles of contact approach (personalised and generic) in a community survey of greywater use. Potential respondents were contacted only once, with no follow up of non-responders. The telephone survey produced the highest adjusted response rate (30.2%), followed by the personalised postal survey (10.5%), generic postal survey (7.5%) and then the internet survey (4.7% for the personalised approach and 2.2% for the generic approach). There were some differences in household characteristics and greywater use rates between respondents to different survey modes, and between respondents to personalised and generic approaches. These may be attributable to the differing levels of motivations needed for a response, and varying levels of interest in the survey topic among greywater users and non-users. The generic postal survey had the lowest costs per valid survey received (Australian $22.93), followed by the personalised postal survey ($24.75). Our findings suggest that postal surveys currently remain the most economic option for population-based studies, with similar costs for personalised and generic approaches. Internet surveys may be effective for specialised groups where email lists are available for initial contact

  6. Senior house officers in medicine: postal survey of training and work experience.

    PubMed Central

    Baldwin, P. J.; Newton, R. W.; Buckley, G.; Roberts, M. A.; Dodd, M.

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To describe working conditions for senior house officers in medicine in Scotland and to relate these to the quality of clinical training they receive. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire survey. SUBJECTS: All senior house officers in medicine and related specialties in post in Scotland in October 1995 (n = 437); 252 (58%) respondents. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Questionnaires covered hours, working patterns, measures of workload, an attitudes to work scale, and experience of education and training. RESULTS: In the week before the questionnaire, doctors on rotas had worked a mean of 7.4 (95% confidence interval 5.8 to 9.0) hours in excess of their contracts, compared with 3.7 (2.0 to 5.5) hours for those on partial shifts. The most common reason for this was "the needs of the patients or the service." Those on partial shifts reported significantly less continuity of care with patients than those on rotas (Mann-Whitney U test, z = -4.2, P < 0.0001) or full shifts (z = -2.08, P = 0.03). Doctors in general medicine reported significantly higher measures of workload (number of acute admissions, number of times called out, and fewest hours' uninterrupted sleep) than those in subspecialties. Consultants' clinical teaching and style of conducting a ward round were significantly related to factors extracted from the attitudes to work scale. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of senior house officers' training is detrimentally affected by a variety of conditions, especially the need for closer support and supervision, the need for greater feedback, and the lack of time that consultants have to dedicate to clinical training. Efforts should be made to improve these conditions and to reinforce a close working relationship between trainee and supervising consultant. PMID:9116556

  7. Living wills and the Mental Capacity Act: a postal questionnaire survey of UK geriatricians.

    PubMed

    Schiff, Rebekah; Sacares, Peter; Snook, Jane; Rajkumar, Chakravarthi; Bulpitt, Christopher J

    2006-03-01

    To determine geriatricians' experience of and views on living wills, National Health Service Trusts' support of advance end-of-life health care planning and geriatricians' views on related legal changes in the Mental Capacity Act. Anonymous postal questionnaire survey of all 1,426 British Geriatrics Society members in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. A total of 842 (59%) questionnaires were returned. Of 811 geriatricians, 454 (56%) had cared for patients with living wills. Of the 280 who cared for patients when the living will had come into effect, 108 (39%) had changed treatment because of the living will and 84 (78%) of those felt that decisions had been easier to make. Living wills not already in effect made discussions with patients [171 of 178 (96%)] and families [135 of 178 (76%)] easier. Of 779 geriatricians, 713 (92%) saw advantages of older people using living wills; 467 of these also expressed concerns. Only 16 (2%) geriatricians who had concerns said that there were no advantages. A total of 214 (27%) were aware that their Trust had a form to help with discussions about cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Fewer [126 of 781 (16%)] were aware of a Trust policy on living wills. The proposal, in the Mental Capacity Bill, for advance refusals of treatment was supported by 59% (476 of 801), yet the proposal for a lasting power of attorney (LPA) covering health care was only supported by 47% (382 of 806). Many geriatricians have positive experiences of caring for patients with living wills. Despite recognising potential problems, most geriatricians support the use of living wills by older people. However, most believe that their Trust does not have a policy to support advance health care planning. Geriatricians have reservations about LPAs covering health care.

  8. No Increase in Response Rate by Adding a Web Response Option to a Postal Population Survey: A Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Nystad, Wenche; Cappelen, Inger; Bakke, Per

    2007-01-01

    Background There is substantial interest in use of the Internet for surveys, but there have been few health-oriented, large, randomized trials of general population surveys on the Internet. It is unclear whether providing the option to respond via Internet increases the response rate, and to what degree the results will differ. Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in response rate and outcomes in a postal respiratory health survey by adding an optional Web response alternative. Methods This was a randomized trial of a random sample of 4213 permanent residents of Norway, aged 20-40 years. Participants were randomized into a traditional survey arm, where they were asked to return the survey by mail, and an arm where they were also offered the option to respond via a Web form. Results A total of 1928/4213 subjects responded, a response rate of 45.8% across both arms. The total response rate was 44.8% (944/2105) in the postal plus optional Internet response arm and 46.7% (984/2108) in the usual postal survey arm, with no statistically significant difference between the randomized groups (P = .24). In the optional Internet arm, 8.3% (175/2105) of the sample responded using the Internet and 36.5% (769/2105) responded by post. Thus, Internet response was chosen by 18.5% (175/944) of those who replied in the optional Internet arm. In the multivariate analysis, Internet response was associated with being male, frequency and type of Internet access (home users more likely to respond by Internet than work users), and smoking habit, with current smokers being more likely to be Internet responders. 57% preferred postal response (1102/1928), 38% preferred Internet response (733/1928), and 3% preferred telephone interview (54/1928), with no difference between randomization arms (P = .56). But among those who indicated that they preferred the Internet response and who were randomized to the optional Internet arm, only 47% actually chose the Internet response

  9. Public perceptions of drinking water: a postal survey of residents with private water supplies.

    PubMed

    Jones, Andria Q; Dewey, Catherine E; Doré, Kathryn; Majowicz, Shannon E; McEwen, Scott A; David, Waltner-Toews; Eric, Mathews; Carr, Deborah J; Henson, Spencer J

    2006-04-11

    In Canada, the legal responsibility for the condition of private water supplies, including private wells and cisterns, rests with their owners. However, there are reports that Canadians test these water supplies intermittently and that treatment of such water is uncommon. An estimated 45% of all waterborne outbreaks in Canada involve non-municipal systems. An understanding of the perceptions and needs of Canadians served by private water supplies is essential, as it would enable public health professionals to better target public education and drinking water policy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the public perceptions of private water supplies in the City of Hamilton, Ontario (Canada), with the intent of informing public education and outreach strategies within the population. A cross-sectional postal survey of 246 residences with private water supplies was conducted in May 2004. Questions pertained to the perceptions of water quality and alternative water sources, water testing behaviours and the self-identified need for further information. Private wells, cisterns or both, were the source of household water for 71%, 16% and 13% of respondents, respectively. Although respondents rated their water quality highly, 80% also had concerns with its safety. The most common concerns pertained to bacterial and chemical contamination of their water supply and its potential negative effect on health. Approximately 56% and 61% of respondents used in-home treatment devices and bottled water within their homes, respectively, mainly due to perceived improvements in the safety and aesthetic qualities compared to regular tap water. Testing of private water supplies was performed infrequently: 8% of respondents tested at a frequency that meets current provincial guidelines. Two-thirds of respondents wanted more information on various topics related to private water supplies. Flyers and newspapers were the two media reported most likely to be used. Although

  10. Postal survey of approaches to learning among Ontario physicians: implications for continuing medical education

    PubMed Central

    Delva, M Dianne; Kirby, John R; Knapper, Christopher K; Birtwhistle, R V

    2002-01-01

    Objectives To understand the approaches to learning of practising physicians in their workplace and to assess the relation of these approaches to their motivation for, preferred methods of, and perceived barriers to continuing medical education. Design Postal survey of 800 Ontario physicians. Participants 373 physicians who responded. Main outcome measures Correlations of approaches to learning and perceptions of workplace climate with methods, motives, and barriers to continuing medical education. Results Perceived heavy workload was significantly associated with the surface disorganised (r=0.463, P<0.01) and surface rational approach (r=0.135, P<0.05) to learning. The deep approach to learning was significantly correlated with a perception of choice-independence and a supportive-receptive climate at work (r=0.341 and 0.237, P<0.01). Physicians who adopt a deep approach to learning seem to be internally motivated to learn, whereas external motivation is associated with surface approaches to learning. Heavy workload and a surface disorganised approach to learning were correlated with every listed barrier to continuing medical education. The deep approach to learning was associated with independent learning activities and no barriers. Conclusions Perception of the workplace climate affects physicians' approaches to learning at work and their motivation for and perceived barriers to continuing medical education. Younger, rural, family physicians may be most vulnerable to feeling overworked and adopting less effective approaches to learning. Further work is required to determine if changing the workplace environment will help physicians learn more effectively. What is already known on this topicThroughout their careers physicians face enormous challenges in managing the growth of medical knowledgeStudents who perceive choice, independence, and good teaching at university take a deep, integrative approach to learning whereas those who feel overworked or overwhelmed

  11. Career progression and destinations, comparing men and women in the NHS: postal questionnaire surveys

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, Kathryn S; Lambert, Trevor W

    2009-01-01

    Objective To study the career progression of NHS doctors, comparing men and women. Design Postal questionnaire surveys. Participants and setting Graduates of 1977, 1988, and 1993 from all UK medical schools. Results The response rate was 68% (7012/10 344). Within general practice, 97% (1208/1243) of men, 99% (264/267) of women who had always worked full time throughout their career, and 87% (1083/1248) of all women were principals. Median times from qualification to principal status were 5.8 (95% confidence interval 5.6 to 6.0) years for men, 5.6 (5.4 to 5.8) years for women who had worked full time during training, and 6.8 (6.5 to 7.0) years for all women. Of the 1977 and 1988 graduates in hospital practice, 96% (1293/1347) of men were consultants, compared with 92% (276/299) of women who had always worked full time throughout their career and 67% (277/416) of women who had not. Median time to first consultant post was 11.7 (11.5 to 11.9) years for men, 11.3 (11.0 to 11.6) years for women who worked full time during training, and 12.3 (12.0 to 12.6) years for all women. Women who had not always worked full time throughout their career were over-represented in general practice and under-represented in most hospital specialties, substantially so in the surgical specialties and anaesthetics. Women who had always worked full time were under-represented not only in the surgical specialties but also in general practice. Conclusions Women not progressing as far and as fast as men was, generally, a reflection of not having always worked full time rather than their sex. The findings suggest that women do not generally encounter direct discrimination; however, the possibility that indirect discrimination, such as lack of opportunities for part time work, has influenced choice of specialty cannot be ruled out. PMID:19493938

  12. Responsibility for managing musculoskeletal disorders--a cross-sectional postal survey of attitudes.

    PubMed

    Larsson, Maria E H; Nordholm, Lena A

    2008-08-05

    Musculoskeletal disorders are a major burden on individuals, health systems and social care systems and rehabilitation efforts in these disorders are considerable. Self-care is often considered a cost effective treatment alternative owing to limited health care resources. But what are the expectations and attitudes in this question in the general population? The purpose of this study was to describe general attitudes to responsibility for the management of musculoskeletal disorders and to explore associations between attitudes and background variables. A cross-sectional, postal questionnaire survey was carried out with a random sample of a general adult Swedish population of 1770 persons. Sixty-one percent (n = 1082) responded to the questionnaire and was included for the description of general attitudes towards responsibility for the management of musculoskeletal disorders. For the further analyses of associations to background variables 683-693 individuals could be included. Attitudes were measured by the "Attitudes regarding Responsibility for Musculoskeletal disorders" (ARM) instrument, where responsibility is attributed on four dimensions; to myself, as being out of my hands, to employers or to (medical) professionals. Multiple logistic regression was used to explore associations between attitudes to musculoskeletal disorders and the background variables age, sex, education, physical activity, presence of musculoskeletal disorders, sick leave and whether the person had visited a care provider. A majority of participants had internal views, i.e. showed an attitude of taking personal responsibility for musculoskeletal disorders, and did not place responsibility for the management out of their own hands or to employers. However, attributing shared responsibility between self and medical professionals was also found. The main associations found between attitude towards responsibility for musculoskeletal disorders and investigated background variables were that

  13. Care during the third stage of labour: A postal survey of UK midwives and obstetricians

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background There are two approaches to care during the third stage of labour: Active management includes three components: administration of a prophylactic uterotonic drug, cord clamping and controlled cord traction. For physiological care, intervention occurs only if there is clinical need. Evidence to guide care during the third stage is limited and there is variation in recommendations which may contribute to differences in practice. This paper describes current UK practice during the third stage of labour. Methods A postal survey of 2230 fellows and members of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) and 2400 members of the Royal College of Midwives was undertaken. Respondents were asked about care during the third stage of labour, for vaginal and caesarean births and their views on the need for more evidence to guide care in the third stage. The data were analysed in Excel and presented as descriptive statistics. Results 1189 (53%) fellows and members of the RCOG and 1702 (71%) midwives responded, of whom 926 (78%) and 1297 (76%) respectively had conducted or supervised births in the last year. 93% (863/926) of obstetricians and 73% (942/1297) of midwives report 'always or usually' using active management. 66% (611/926) of obstetricians and 33% (430/1297) of midwives give the uterotonic drug with delivery of the anterior shoulder; this was intramuscular Syntometrine® for 79% (728/926) and 86% (1118/1293) respectively. For term births, 74% (682/926) of obstetricians and 41% (526/1297) of midwives clamp the cord within 20 seconds, as do 57% (523/926) and 55% (707/1297) for preterm births. Controlled cord traction was used by 94% of both obstetricians and midwives. For caesarean births, intravenous oxytocin was the uterotonic used by 90% (837/926) of obstetricians; 79% (726/926) clamp the cord within 20 seconds for term births as do 63% (576/926) for preterm births. Physiological management was used 'always or usually' by 2% (21/926) of

  14. Career progression and destinations, comparing men and women in the NHS: postal questionnaire surveys.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Kathryn S; Lambert, Trevor W; Goldacre, Michael J

    2009-06-03

    To study the career progression of NHS doctors, comparing men and women. Postal questionnaire surveys. Participants and setting Graduates of 1977, 1988, and 1993 from all UK medical schools. The response rate was 68% (7012/10 344). Within general practice, 97% (1208/1243) of men, 99% (264/267) of women who had always worked full time throughout their career, and 87% (1083/1248) of all women were principals. Median times from qualification to principal status were 5.8 (95% confidence interval 5.6 to 6.0) years for men, 5.6 (5.4 to 5.8) years for women who had worked full time during training, and 6.8 (6.5 to 7.0) years for all women. Of the 1977 and 1988 graduates in hospital practice, 96% (1293/1347) of men were consultants, compared with 92% (276/299) of women who had always worked full time throughout their career and 67% (277/416) of women who had not. Median time to first consultant post was 11.7 (11.5 to 11.9) years for men, 11.3 (11.0 to 11.6) years for women who worked full time during training, and 12.3 (12.0 to 12.6) years for all women. Women who had not always worked full time throughout their career were over-represented in general practice and under-represented in most hospital specialties, substantially so in the surgical specialties and anaesthetics. Women who had always worked full time were under-represented not only in the surgical specialties but also in general practice. Women not progressing as far and as fast as men was, generally, a reflection of not having always worked full time rather than their sex. The findings suggest that women do not generally encounter direct discrimination; however, the possibility that indirect discrimination, such as lack of opportunities for part time work, has influenced choice of specialty cannot be ruled out.

  15. Adding Postal Follow-Up to a Web-Based Survey of Primary Care and Gastroenterology Clinic Physician Chiefs Improved Response Rates but not Response Quality or Representativeness.

    PubMed

    Partin, Melissa R; Powell, Adam A; Burgess, Diana J; Haggstrom, David A; Gravely, Amy A; Halek, Krysten; Bangerter, Ann; Shaukat, Aasma; Nelson, David B

    2015-09-01

    This study assessed whether postal follow-up to a web-based physician survey improves response rates, response quality, and representativeness. We recruited primary care and gastroenterology chiefs at 125 Veterans Affairs medical facilities to complete a 10-min web-based survey on colorectal cancer screening and diagnostic practices in 2010. We compared response rates, response errors, and representativeness in the primary care and gastroenterology samples before and after adding postal follow-up. Adding postal follow-up increased response rates by 20-25 percentage points; markedly greater increases than predicted from a third e-mail reminder. In the gastroenterology sample, the mean number of response errors made by web responders (0.25) was significantly smaller than the mean number made by postal responders (2.18), and web responders provided significantly longer responses to open-ended questions. There were no significant differences in these outcomes in the primary care sample. Adequate representativeness was achieved before postal follow-up in both samples, as indicated by the lack of significant differences between web responders and the recruitment population on facility characteristics. We conclude adding postal follow-up to this web-based physician leader survey improved response rates but not response quality or representativeness. © The Author(s) 2013.

  16. [Response bias in a population postal survey on Health-Related Quality of Life (sf-12v2)].

    PubMed

    Carpe Carpe, Bienvenida; Hernando Arizaleta, Lauro; Monteagudo Piqueras, Olga; Abellán Perpiñán, José M; Palomar Rodríguez, Joaquín A; Alonso, Jordi

    2014-01-01

    the bias associated with the low response rate may limit the economic advantage of population surveys by mail. The factors associated with non-response were estimated with an emphasis on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). people who had answered to the Health Survey Murcia-2007 2007 (≥ 18 years), realized by telephone, were sent another postal questionnaire four months later. Both evaluations included information about HRQoL: SF-12v2 (by phone) and EQ-5D (postal). A logistic regression was realized to identify baseline factors (sociodemographic factors, health-related behaviors and HRQoL-physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of the SF-12v2) associated with non-response to the postal survey. 2,078 individuals (61.5%) did not answer. Multivariate analysis: non-response was associated with marital status, more likely not to respond if it was not married: widower OR: 2,24; IC95% 0,61/0,88; separate/divorced 1,69; 1,10/2,59-; single 1,53; 1,23/1,90 ) and inversely with age (25-34 years OR: 0,95; IC95% 0,69/1,29; 35-44 years 0,60; 0,43/0,85; 45-54 years 0,42; 0,29/0,60; 55-64 years 0,29; 0,20/0,43; 65-74 years 0,17; 0,11/0,26-;≥75 years 0,15; 0,09/0,23) and educational level (low-OR: 0,65; IC95% 0,48/0,86; intermediate 0,41; 0,30/0,57; high-0,22; 0,16/0,30). It was also associated with HRQoL, but differentially for PCS (those with intermediate scores have less probability of not answering OR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.61/0.88) than for the MCS (the persons in the highest tertile were more likely to not answering 1.47; 1.22/1.78. the HRQoL influences the non- response to the postal surveys, leading to an overrepresentation of individuals with middle physical health and low mental health, which it adds small magnitude bias in the estimation of population HRQoL.

  17. Are people with chronic diseases interested in using telehealth? A cross-sectional postal survey.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Louisa; Thomas, Clare; Gregory, Alison; Yardley, Lucy; O'Cathain, Alicia; Montgomery, Alan A; Salisbury, Chris

    2014-05-08

    There is growing interest in telehealth-the use of technology to support the remote delivery of health care and promote self-management-as a potential alternative to face-to-face care for patients with chronic diseases. However, little is known about what precipitates interest in the use of telehealth among these patients. This survey forms part of a research program to develop and evaluate a telehealth intervention for patients with two exemplar chronic diseases: depression and raised cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The survey was designed to explore the key factors that influence interest in using telehealth in these patient groups. Thirty-four general practices were recruited from two different regions within England. Practice records were searched for patients with (1) depression (aged 18+ years) or (2) 10-year risk of CVD ≥20% and at least one modifiable risk factor (aged 40-74 years). Within each general practice, 54 patients in each chronic disease group were randomly selected to receive a postal questionnaire. Questions assessed five key constructs: sociodemographics, health needs, difficulties accessing health care, technology-related factors (availability, confidence using technology, perceived benefits and drawbacks of telehealth), and satisfaction with prior use of telehealth. Respondents also rated their interest in using different technologies for telehealth (phone, email and Internet, or social media). Relationships between the key constructs and interest in using the three mediums of telehealth were examined using multivariable regression models. Of the 3329 patients who were sent a study questionnaire, 44.40% completed it (872/1740, 50.11% CVD risk; 606/1589, 38.14% depression). Overall, there was moderate interest in using phone-based (854/1423, 60.01%) and email/Internet-based (816/1425, 57.26%) telehealth, but very little interest in social media (243/1430, 16.99%). After adjusting for health needs, access difficulties, technology

  18. Are People With Chronic Diseases Interested in Using Telehealth? A Cross-Sectional Postal Survey

    PubMed Central

    Thomas, Clare; Gregory, Alison; Yardley, Lucy; O'Cathain, Alicia; Montgomery, Alan A; Salisbury, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Background There is growing interest in telehealth—the use of technology to support the remote delivery of health care and promote self-management—as a potential alternative to face-to-face care for patients with chronic diseases. However, little is known about what precipitates interest in the use of telehealth among these patients. Objective This survey forms part of a research program to develop and evaluate a telehealth intervention for patients with two exemplar chronic diseases: depression and raised cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The survey was designed to explore the key factors that influence interest in using telehealth in these patient groups. Methods Thirty-four general practices were recruited from two different regions within England. Practice records were searched for patients with (1) depression (aged 18+ years) or (2) 10-year risk of CVD ≥20% and at least one modifiable risk factor (aged 40-74 years). Within each general practice, 54 patients in each chronic disease group were randomly selected to receive a postal questionnaire. Questions assessed five key constructs: sociodemographics, health needs, difficulties accessing health care, technology-related factors (availability, confidence using technology, perceived benefits and drawbacks of telehealth), and satisfaction with prior use of telehealth. Respondents also rated their interest in using different technologies for telehealth (phone, email and Internet, or social media). Relationships between the key constructs and interest in using the three mediums of telehealth were examined using multivariable regression models. Results Of the 3329 patients who were sent a study questionnaire, 44.40% completed it (872/1740, 50.11% CVD risk; 606/1589, 38.14% depression). Overall, there was moderate interest in using phone-based (854/1423, 60.01%) and email/Internet-based (816/1425, 57.26%) telehealth, but very little interest in social media (243/1430, 16.99%). After adjusting for health needs

  19. A multicentre postal survey investigating the contribution of illness perceptions, coping and optimism to quality of life and mood in adults with muscle disease.

    PubMed

    Graham, Christopher D; Weinman, John; Sadjadi, Reza; Chalder, Trudie; Petty, Richard; Hanna, Mike G; Turner, Chris; Parton, Matt; Maddison, Paul; Radunovic, Aleksandar; Longman, Cheryl; Robb, Yvonne; Bushby, Kate; Hilton-Jones, David; Rose, Michael R

    2014-05-01

    To replicate the finding that illness perceptions influence quality of life in adults with muscle disease and to explore the additional influence of coping and optimism on quality of life and mood. A postal survey including questionnaires recording quality of life, mood, illness perceptions, optimism, coping and functional impairment. National Health Service muscle clinics in the United Kingdom. A convenience sample of adults with muscle disease. Not applicable. Individualised Neuromuscular Quality of Life Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. A total of 226 completed questionnaires were returned. Although functional impairment explained most of the variance in three out of eight quality of life domains, psychological factors explained greater amounts of variance (between 19% and 52% of variance) in all other quality of life domains and in both mood domains (between 45% and 48% of variance). Overall, illness perceptions explained much of the variance in quality of life and mood score (between 5% and 37% of variance), while coping (up to 8% of variance) and optimism (up to 15% of variance) explained smaller amounts of variance. The results confirm that illness perceptions are associated with quality of life in muscle disease and suggest that they also influence mood. The addition of optimism and coping variables into the analysis yielded small increases in the proportions of variance in quality of life and mood which were explained. These results have implications for the composition of future psychological interventions.

  20. Bedside rationing by general practitioners: A postal survey in the Danish public healthcare system

    PubMed Central

    Lauridsen, Sigurd MR; Norup, Michael; Rossel, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Background It is ethically controversial whether medical doctors are morally permitted to ration the care of their patients at the bedside. To explore whether general practitioners in fact do ration in this manner we conducted a study within primary care in the Danish public healthcare system. The purpose of the study was to measure the extent to which general practitioners (GPs) would be willing to factor in cost-quality trade-offs when prescribing medicine, and to discover whether, and if so to what extent, they believe that patients should be informed about this. Methods Postal survey of 600 randomly selected Danish GPs, of which 330 responded to the questionnaire. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 14.0) was used to produce general descriptive statistics. Significance was calculated with the McNemar and the chi-square test. The main outcome measures of the study were twofold: an assessment of the proportion of GPs who, in a mainly hypothetical setting, would consider cost-quality trade-offs relevant to their clinical decision-making given their economic impact on the healthcare system; and a measure of the extent to which they would disclose this information to patients. Results In the hypothetical setting 95% of GPs considered cost-quality trade-offs relevant to their clinical decision-making given the economic impact of such trade-offs on the healthcare system. In all 90% stated that this consideration had been relevant in clinical decision-making within the last month. In the hypothetical setting 55% would inform their patients that they considered a cost-quality trade-off relevant to their clinical decisions given the economic impact of such trade-offs on the healthcare system. The most common reason (68%) given for not wanting to inform patients about this matter was the belief that the information would not prove useful to patients. In the hypothetical setting cost-quality trade-offs were considered relevant significantly more

  1. Postal survey methodology to assess patient satisfaction in a suburban emergency medical services system: an observational study

    PubMed Central

    Bernard, Aaron W; Lindsell, Christopher J; Handel, Daniel A; Collett, Lindsey; Gallo, Paul; Kaiser, Kevin D; Locasto, Donald

    2007-01-01

    Background Patient satisfaction is of growing importance to providers of emergency medical services (EMS). Prior reports of patient satisfaction have frequently used resource-intensive telephone follow-up to assess satisfaction. We determine the feasibility of using a single mailing, anonymous postal survey methodology for collecting patient satisfaction data from a suburban EMS system. Methods Patients transported between January 2001 and December 2004 were mailed a brief satisfaction questionnaire. The questionnaire was printed on a pre-addressed, postage paid postcard and consisted of five questions that used a five-point Likert scale to assess satisfaction with EMS personnel and services provided. Three open-ended questions assessed concerns, the most important service provided, and methods for improving service. Survey response rate was the primary outcome of interest. The Chi-square test was used to compare rates between years. Results The survey required about 6 man hours and cost about $70 per month. Overall response rate was 32.0% (857/2764; 95CI 30.3% – 33.9%). During the first year, response rate was 42.6% (95CI 38.5% – 46.8%), but was significantly lower in subsequent years (29.0% in year 2, 30.8% in year 3, and 27.6% in year 4, p < 0.05). There were 847/851 respondents (99.5%) who were satisfied or very satisfied with their EMS experience. Three patients felt the service was adequate and one was very unsatisfied. Open-ended questions suggested that interpersonal communications were the single most important contributor to patient satisfaction. Patients also reported that response times and technical aspects of care were important to them. Conclusion Postal surveys for assessing patient satisfaction following EMS transport can achieve comparable response rates to similar surveys in other health care settings. Response rates did not decline after the second year of patient surveys, suggesting some stability after the initial year. Interpersonal

  2. Effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on response rate to a complex postal survey: randomised controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Minimising participant non-response in postal surveys helps to maximise the generalisability of the inferences made from the data collected. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of questionnaire length, personalisation and reminder type on postal survey response rate and quality and to compare the cost-effectiveness of the alternative survey strategies. Methods In a pilot study for a population study of travel behaviour, physical activity and the environment, 1000 participants sampled from the UK edited electoral register were randomly allocated using a 2 × 2 factorial design to receive one of four survey packs: a personally addressed long (24 page) questionnaire pack, a personally addressed short (15 page) questionnaire pack, a non-personally addressed long questionnaire pack or a non-personally addressed short questionnaire pack. Those who did not return a questionnaire were stratified by initial randomisation group and further randomised to receive either a full reminder pack or a reminder postcard. The effects of the survey design factors on response were examined using multivariate logistic regression. Results An overall response rate of 17% was achieved. Participants who received the short version of the questionnaire were more likely to respond (OR = 1.48, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.07). In those participants who received a reminder, personalisation of the survey pack and reminder also increased the odds of response (OR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.95). Item non-response was relatively low, but was significantly higher in the long questionnaire than the short (9.8% vs 5.8%; p = .04). The cost per additional usable questionnaire returned of issuing the reminder packs was £23.1 compared with £11.3 for the reminder postcards. Conclusions In contrast to some previous studies of shorter questionnaires, this trial found that shortening a relatively lengthy questionnaire significantly increased the response. Researchers should consider the trade off

  3. Participation bias in postal surveys among older adults: the role played by self-reported health, physical functional decline and frailty.

    PubMed

    Barreto, Philipe de Souto

    2012-01-01

    Postal survey is a simple and efficient way to collect information in large study samples. The purpose of this study was to find out differences between older adults who responded to a postal survey on health outcomes and those who did not, and to examine the importance of frailty, physical functional decline and poor self-reported health in determining non-response. We mailed out a questionnaire on general health twice at a year's interval to 1000 individuals ≥60 years, and members of the medical insurance scheme of the French national education system. At Year1, 535 persons responded to the questionnaire (65% women, 70.9 ± 8.4 years). A year later (Year2), we obtained 384 responses (63.3% women, 70.5 ± 7.8 years). Compared to respondents, non-respondents at Year2 were more frequently categorized as frail, reported more often to be in bad health, and had more physical functional declines. Frailty, physical functional decline and poor self-reported health increased the likelihood of not responding to Year2 questionnaire, with poor self-reported health weakening the association of physical functional decline and non-response. Respondents of this postal survey are fitter and healthier than non-respondents. This participation bias precludes the generalization of postal surveys results. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Angiostrongylus vasorum in Great Britain: a nationwide postal questionnaire survey of veterinary practices.

    PubMed

    Kirk, L; Limon, G; Guitian, F J; Hermosilla, C; Fox, M T

    2014-08-02

    The lungworm, Angiostrongylus vasorum, was first reported in indigenous dogs in southwestern England in 1980 and has since been recorded in Wales, southeastern England and, more recently, in the West Midlands, northern England and Scotland. The nationwide distribution of the parasite was evaluated using a postal questionnaire sent to 3950 small animal practices during 2009. Information was sought on the location of each practice, awareness of the parasite locally, number of cases diagnosed over the past year and whether diagnosis was based on clinical signs alone or supported by additional tests. 1419 practices returned a usable response, the majority being located in a city/town. Nearly one-third of responding practices were aware of the parasite locally, 20.7 per cent had seen at least one confirmed case and 0.3 per cent >20 confirmed cases over the past year. The most widely used tests were faecal examination and any type of imaging. Existing clusters of infection were detected in southeastern England and south Wales; infection was also found to be widespread in central England, though patchy in northern England and Scotland. Using distribution of clinical cases as an indicator of parasite distribution, this study confirmed that A. vasorum has spread beyond traditional UK endemic foci. British Veterinary Association.

  5. Ages and Stages Questionnaires: feasibility of postal surveys for child follow-up.

    PubMed

    Troude, Pénélope; Squires, Jane; L'Hélias, Laurence Foix; Bouyer, Jean; de La Rochebrochard, Elise

    2011-10-01

    The Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ), completed by parents and caregivers, has been shown to be an accurate tool for screening children who need further developmental assessment. To assess the feasibility of using the French Canadian translation of the ASQ in an epidemiological cohort of children from the French general population. Follow-up study by postal questionnaire at 12 and 36 months, using the ASQ. 339 French families recruited at the birth of their child in 2006 in two hospitals in the Paris suburbs. Response rates and French ASQ results at 12 and 36 months. The ASQ was scored as indicated in the manual. A high response rate of 79% was observed at the children's 1st and 3rd birthdays. Parents were enthusiastic about participating; half of them wrote comments on the questionnaires, most of them positive. Low scores at the 12-month assessment were associated with birth characteristics such as prematurity and transfer to the neonatology unit after birth, whereas at 36 months they tended to be associated with both birth and family socio-demographic characteristics. Use of the French ASQ in a research cohort appears feasible as response rates were high. Moreover, known links between child development measured by ASQ and birth and social characteristics were observed. However, further French studies are needed to understand differences observed in 12-month ASQ gross motor scores compared with US norms. For research purposes, further analysis of the ASQ in innovative, quantitative approaches, is needed. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. How well is pelvic inflammatory disease managed in general practice? A postal questionnaire survey

    PubMed Central

    Huengsberg, M.; Ip, C. B.; Radcliffe, K. W.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Many patients with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) present to their general practitioners. Chlamydia trachomatis is the organism most commonly implicated in this condition. This study aims to examine how well PID is managed in the primary care setting and highlight areas for improvement. METHODS: The study was performed by sending postal questionnaires to 180 randomly selected general practitioners in Birmingham. Given the example of a woman presenting clinically with PID, the doctors were asked questions on diagnosis and treatment. To assess factors that may influence the answers, they were also asked about their sex, year of qualification, and postgraduate training. RESULTS: 139 questionnaires (77%) were returned. 91.4% of the respondents feel confident in managing patients with PID, and only 9.3% would usually refer these patients on. However, 54.7% do not perform an endocervical swab for C trachomatis, 37.4% do not include anti-chlamydial antibiotics in their treatment regimen, and 24.5% do not advise sexual partners to be screened. Female doctors, those with higher degrees, or obstetrics and gynaecology experience were more likely to give anti-chlamydial therapy, but no factors of the respondents significantly influenced contact tracing behaviour. CONCLUSIONS: The management of a patient presenting with PID should include investigation for C trachomatis and treatment with an appropriate antibiotic. As PID is often a sexually transmitted disease, contact tracing of sexual partners should be undertaken. The study suggests that a significant proportion of general practitioners would not have offered optimal management to patients with PID. 




 PMID:10195033

  7. Doctors as patients: postal survey examining consultants and general practitioners adherence to guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Forsythe, Malcolm; Calnan, Michael; Wall, Barbara

    1999-01-01

    Objectives To examine the adherence by senior NHS medical staff to the BMA guidelines on the ethical responsibilities of doctors towards themselves and their families. Design Postal semistructured questionnaire. Setting Four randomly selected NHS trusts and three local medical committees in South Thames region. Subjects Consultants and principals in general practice. Main outcome measures Personal use of health services. Results The response rate was 64% (724) for general practitioners and 72% (427) for consultants after three mailings. Most (1106, 96%) respondents were registered with a general practitioner, although little use was made of their services. 159 (26%) general practitioners were registered with a general practitioner in their own practice and 80 (11%) admitted to looking after members of their family. 73 (24%) consultants would never see their general practitioner before obtaining consultant advice. Most consultants and general practitioners admitted to prescribing for themselves and their family. Responses to vignettes for different health problems indicated a general reluctance to take time off, but there were differences between consultants and general practitioners and by sex. Views on improvements needed included the possibility of a “doctor’s doctor,” access to out of area secondary care, an occupational health service for general practitioners, and regular health check ups. Conclusion The guidelines are largely not being followed, perhaps because of the difficulties of obtaining access to general practitioners outside working hours. The occupational health service should be expanded and a general practitioner service for NHS staff piloted. Key messagesSenior doctors are not following the BMA guidelines on looking after their own and their families’ healthThey seem very reluctant to consult their general practitioner They prefer to self treat, carry on working, and consult informallyPotential barriers to access should be removed in order

  8. A nationwide postal questionnaire survey: the presence of airway guidelines in anaesthesia department in Sweden.

    PubMed

    Knudsen, Kati; Pöder, Ulrika; Högman, Marieann; Larsson, Anders; Nilsson, Ulrica

    2014-01-01

    In Sweden, airway guidelines aimed toward improving patient safety have been recommended by the Swedish Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine. Adherence to evidence-based airway guidelines is known to be generally poor in Sweden. The aim of this study was to determine whether airway guidelines are present in Swedish anaesthesia departments. A nationwide postal questionnaire inquiring about the presence of airway guidelines was sent out to directors of Swedish anaesthesia departments (n = 74). The structured questionnaire was based on a review of the Swedish Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care voluntary recommendations of guidelines for airway management. Mean, standard deviation, minimum/maximum, percentage (%) and number of general anaesthesia performed per year as frequency (n), were used to describe, each hospital type (university, county, private). For comparison between hospitals type and available written airway guidelines were cross tabulation used and analysed using Pearson's Chi-Square tests. A p- value of less than 0 .05 was judged significant. In total 68 directors who were responsible for the anaesthesia departments returned the questionnaire, which give a response rate of 92% (n 68 of 74). The presence of guidelines showing an airway algorithm was reported by 68% of the departments; 52% reported having a written patient information card in case of a difficult airway and guidelines for difficult airways, respectively; 43% reported the presence of guidelines for preoperative assessment; 31% had guidelines for Rapid Sequence Intubation; 26% reported criteria for performing an awake intubation; and 21% reported guidelines for awake fibre-optic intubation. A prescription for the registered nurse anaesthetist for performing tracheal intubation was reported by 24%. The most frequently pre-printed preoperative elements in the anaesthesia record form were dental status and head and neck mobility. Despite recommendations from the national

  9. Comparison of early and delayed respondents to a postal health survey: a questionnaire study of personality traits and neuropsychological symptoms.

    PubMed

    Chen, Ruoling; Wei, Li; Syme, Paul D

    2003-01-01

    Delayed response to a mail survey is related to age, lifestyle and socioeconomic status, and may provoke bias in epidemiological study. We investigated whether delayed respondents were associated with their personality traits and neuropsychological symptoms. Two hundred and ninety-eight painters from a Scottish dockyard cohort and their 571 male controls (general subjects) randomly recruited from the local residents completed a questionnaire, which included 24 statements of the Eysenck personality scales and 22 questions of neuropsychological symptoms. There was a similar distribution of delayed response between general subjects and painters, with a total of 55.6% early (returning questionnaires within 4 weeks), 33.4% intermediate (within 8 weeks) and 11.0% late respondents (after 8 weeks). The delayed response was related to only a few individual statements or symptoms, which varied between general subjects and painters. There were no significant differences in scores in statements of personality traits and neuropsychological symptoms among the three respondent groups, except for the late respondents in painters having an increased score of total neuropsychological symptoms at borderline significance. After adjustment for confounding the case-control analysis showed no significant association of the high scores of social conformity, neuroticism and symptoms with a delayed response. This study suggests that response to a postal health survey may not be influenced or biased by personality traits and neuropsychological symptoms.

  10. Peri-implantitis prevalence and treatment in implant-oriented private practices: a cross-sectional postal and Internet survey.

    PubMed

    Schmidlin, Patrick R; Sahrmann, Philipp; Ramel, Christian; Imfeld, Thomas; Müller, Jakob; Roos, Malgorzata; Jung, Ronald E

    2012-01-01

    This survey aimed to estimate the subjective prevalence of peri-implantitis and its management in the private with and without board certified specialization. For this purpose, a cross-sectional postal and internet survey of 521 dentists, representing all members of the Swiss Society of Oral Implantology (SGI) was conducted (year 2010). The questionnaire consisted of four sections assessing 1) general information regarding the practice setting and education, 2) general questions regarding implantation profile and 3) specific questions regarding the prevalence and experience with the management of peri-implantitis. In the fourth section, therapy options of three exemplary cases were assessed. The data were separately evaluated and compared for specialists (S) and n₋specialists (N-S). A total of 253 questionnaires could be included in the present study. The results revealed that specialists placed significantly more implants than non-specialists. The subjective prevalence of cases with peri₋implantitis was 5-6 and 7-9% after 5 and 10 years, respectively. The polled dentists perceived periodontitis (N-S: 72%; S: 80%), smoking (N-S: 71; S: 77%) and bad compliance (S: 53; N-S: 61%) as the most important risk factors for peri-implantitis. Chlorhexidine was the most frequently used antiseptic agent for disinfection. A surgical approach to treat peri-implantitis was reported by more than 80% of all dentists. Specialists used significantly more resective or regenerative approaches than non-specialists.

  11. Should breast reduction surgery be rationed? A comparison of the health status of patients before and after treatment: postal questionnaire survey.

    PubMed Central

    Klassen, A.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Jenkinson, C.; Goodacre, T.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To assess the health status of patients before and after breast reduction surgery and to make comparisons with the health status of women in the general population. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire survey sent to patients before and six months after surgery. SETTING: The three plastic surgery departments in the Oxford Regional Health Authority, during April to August 1993. SUBJECTS: 166 women (over the age of 16 years) referred for breast reduction; scores from the "short form 36" (SF-36) health questionnaire completed by women in the 1991-2 Oxford healthy life survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Health status of breast reduction patients before and after surgery as assessed by the SF-36, the 28 item general health questionnaire, and Rosenberg's self esteem scale; comparisons between the health status of breast reduction patients and that of women in the general population; outcome of surgery as assessed retrospectively by patients. RESULTS: Differences between the health status of breast reduction patients and that of women in the general population were detected by the SF-36 both before and after surgery. Breast reduction surgery produced substantial change in patients' physical, social, and psychological function. The proportion of cases of possible psychiatric morbidity according to the general health questionnaire fell from 41% (22/54) before surgery to 11% (6/54) six months after treatment. Eighty six per cent (50/58) of patients expressed great satisfaction with the surgical result postoperatively. CONCLUSION: The study provides empirical evidence that supports the inclusion of breast reduction surgery in NHS purchasing contracts. PMID:8776311

  12. A nationwide postal questionnaire survey: the presence of airway guidelines in anaesthesia department in Sweden

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background In Sweden, airway guidelines aimed toward improving patient safety have been recommended by the Swedish Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine. Adherence to evidence-based airway guidelines is known to be generally poor in Sweden. The aim of this study was to determine whether airway guidelines are present in Swedish anaesthesia departments. Methods A nationwide postal questionnaire inquiring about the presence of airway guidelines was sent out to directors of Swedish anaesthesia departments (n = 74). The structured questionnaire was based on a review of the Swedish Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care voluntary recommendations of guidelines for airway management. Mean, standard deviation, minimum/maximum, percentage (%) and number of general anaesthesia performed per year as frequency (n), were used to describe, each hospital type (university, county, private). For comparison between hospitals type and available written airway guidelines were cross tabulation used and analysed using Pearson’s Chi-Square tests. A p- value of less than 0 .05 was judged significant. Results In total 68 directors who were responsible for the anaesthesia departments returned the questionnaire, which give a response rate of 92% (n 68 of 74). The presence of guidelines showing an airway algorithm was reported by 68% of the departments; 52% reported having a written patient information card in case of a difficult airway and guidelines for difficult airways, respectively; 43% reported the presence of guidelines for preoperative assessment; 31% had guidelines for Rapid Sequence Intubation; 26% reported criteria for performing an awake intubation; and 21% reported guidelines for awake fibre-optic intubation. A prescription for the registered nurse anaesthetist for performing tracheal intubation was reported by 24%. The most frequently pre-printed preoperative elements in the anaesthesia record form were dental status and head and neck mobility. Conclusions

  13. A Survey of Psychological Support Provision for People with Inflammatory Arthritis in Secondary Care in England

    PubMed Central

    Dures, Emma; Almeida, Celia; Caesley, Judy; Peterson, Alice; Ambler, Nicholas; Morris, Marianne; Pollock, Jon; Hewlett, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    Objectives The consequences of inflammatory arthritis can include depression, anxiety and low mood, reducing patients’ quality of life and increasing pressure on the healthcare system. Treatment guidelines recommend psychological support, but data are lacking on the provision available. Methods A postal survey concerning psychological support provision was sent to rheumatology units in 143 acute trusts across England. Nurses from 73 rheumatology units (51%) responded. Results Overall, 73% rated their unit's psychological support provision as ‘inadequate’ and only 4% rated it as ‘good’. Few units believed that psychological support did not fall within their remit (12%), yet only 8% had a psychologist in the team. Most units (68%) did not routinely screen patients to identify psychological difficulties. Referral to other service providers was reported in 42% of units, with 3% very satisfied with this provision. Within units, services containing elements of psychological support ranged from occupational therapy (81%) to psychology/counselling (14%). Psychological approaches used by team members ranged from shared decision making (77%) to cognitive–behavioural approaches (26%). The current barriers to providing psychological support were lack of clinical time and available training (86% and 74%, respectively), and delivery costs (74%). Future facilitators included management support (74%) and availability of skills training (74%). Conclusions Rheumatology units viewed psychological support provision as part of their remit but rated their overall provision as inadequate, despite some team members using psychological skills. To improve provision, clinicians’ training needs must be addressed and organizational support generated, and further research needs to define adequate psychological support provision from the patient perspective. © 2014 The Authors. Musculoskeletal Care published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. PMID:24753071

  14. General practitioners' conceptions about treatment of depression and factors that may influence their practice in this area. A postal survey

    PubMed Central

    Andersson, Stig J; Troein, Margareta; Lindberg, Gunnar

    2005-01-01

    Background The way GPs work does not appear to be adapted to the needs of depressive patients. Therefore we wanted to examine Swedish GPs' conceptions of depressive disorders and their treatment and GPs' ideas of factors that may influence their manner of work with depressive patients. Methods A postal questionnaire to a stratified sample of 617 Swedish GPs. Results Most respondents assumed antidepressive drugs effective and did not assume that psychotherapy can replace drugs in depression treatment though many of them looked at psychotherapy as an essential complement. Nearly all respondents thought that clinical experiences had great importance in decision situations, but patients' own preferences and official clinical guidelines were also regarded as essential. As influences on their work, almost all surveyed GPs regarded experiences from general practice very important, and a majority also emphasised experiences from private life. Courses arranged by pharmaceutical companies were seen as essential sources of knowledge. A majority thought that psychiatrists did not provide sufficient help, while most respondents perceived they were well backed up by colleagues. Conclusion GPs tend to emphasize experiences, both from clinical work and private life, and overlook influences of collegial dealings and ongoing CME as well as the effects of the pharmaceutical companies' marketing activities. Many GPs appear to need more evidence based knowledge about depressive disorders. Interventions to improve depression management have to be supporting and interactive, and should be combined with organisational reforms to improve co-operation with psychiatrists. PMID:15904500

  15. Six-month prevalence of phobic symptoms in Iceland: an epidemiological postal survey.

    PubMed

    Arnarson, E O; Gudmundsdóttir, A; Boyle, G J

    1998-02-01

    An epidemiological questionnaire survey of the prevalence of the various types of phobias was undertaken among the Icelandic population. Out of 1,000 individuals surveyed, in accord with national census data held in Reykjavík, 775 questionnaires were returned. Results confirmed that among Icelanders, phobic symptoms overall are more prevalent among women than men. Prevalence rates were lower for individuals 45 years or older, suggesting that extinction may occur with ageing. Divorced or separated individuals were most at risk, as were women homemakers, disabled, or unemployed persons. Education was inversely related to the incidence of all types of phobias, with individuals with less than 10 years of education reporting the highest rates of phobia. Most respondents attributed the onset of their phobias to a specific terrifying experience, and in many cases, to observing another person displaying an intense fear reaction in a given situation. Factor analysis of the data indicated that social anxiety phobias accounted for the greatest proportion of variance.

  16. [Current status of non-invasive ventilation in German ICU's -- a postal survey].

    PubMed

    Kumle, B; Haisch, G; Suttner, S W; Piper, S N; Maleck, W; Boldt, J

    2003-01-01

    The status of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in intensive care units (ICU) in Germany was analysed by a national survey. Questionnaires consisting of multiple-choice and short-answer questions were sent to ICUs of university hospitals, hospitals with >1000 beds, with 500 - 1000 beds, and hospitals with <500 beds separated with regard to different specialties (anesthesia ICUs, surgical ICUs, cardiac surgical ICUs, neurosurgical ICUs, internal ICUs, interdiscipline ICUs). Of the 716 questionnaires sent 223 (32 %) were returned and analysed. The use of NIV in all specialties increased during the last 3 years. 14 % of ICUs in some specialties treated more than 30 % of patients with NIV. CPAP (88 %), BIPAP (45 %) and ASB/PSV (48 %) were most frequently used as NIV-strategies. 10 % of all ICUs reported to have experience with proportional assist ventilation. NIV was most frequently used for disease states like COPD (82 %), pneumonia (64 %), pulmonary oedema (50 %), bronchial asthma (35 %) and ALI/ARDS (22 %). The use of NIV was considered when clinical signs of ventilation (93 %) and oxygenation [arterial blood gas analysis (92 %) and oxygen saturation (66 %)] were inadequate. Complications observed during NIV were panic reaction (83 %), ulceration of nose (38 %) and aspiration (14 %). The reasons to reject NIV were (total 13 %): lack of ventilators (64 %), expenditure of personnel (57 %) and risk of the procedure (11 %). 38 % of the ventilators used were older than 5 years. 56 % of the ICUs were content with the equipment for NIV. 76 % of the ICUs were interested to buy new equipment of NIV. 99 % of the survey have declined NIV as an alternative method of ventilation. In summary we found NIV as an accepted additional method of ventilatory support in respiratory failure in German ICUs. We found no significant increase in frequency of NIV in the last three years.

  17. A postal survey of hereditary hemorrhagic telangectasia in the northeast of England

    PubMed Central

    Iqbal, Isma Z.; Puvanendran, Mark; ElBadawey, Mohamed Reda; Carrie, Sean

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to identify the demographics and epistaxis burden of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). A questionnaire was sent to participants with HHT who were recruited from a prospectively maintained respiratory clinic data base in a tertiary hospital. Details on demographics, HHT symptoms, family history, epistaxis severity, and treatment received were recorded. There were 34 of 60 responses (57%). Two responses were from families of the deceased. Of the 32 evaluable patients (men, 14; women 18), the average age was 51 years (range, 23–78 years). The average age of HHT diagnosis was 31 years (range, 3–61 years). The diagnosis of HHT was made by the respiratory team in 13 patients; neurologist (2); ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist (4); general practitioner (5); hematologist (4); gastroenterologist (1); and not mentioned in two patients. Twenty-seven of 32 patients (84%) had a positive family history of HHT. Only 13 patients had formal genetic testing (4 endoglin, 1 activin receptor–like kinase, 8 unknown gene). All patients who presented to the respiratory clinic had a background of epistaxis, which was noted on presentation. The average age at initial epistaxis was 14 years (range, 2–50 years). The frequency of epistaxis was daily 63% (n = 20), weekly 9% (3), monthly 16% (5), and a few times a year 10% (3), and unstated in one patient. Nine of 32 patients (28%) required a transfusion. Six patients thought that they were unable to perform daily activities due to epistaxis. Only 15 of 32 patients (47%) were under the care of an ENT specialist. The treatment plan for epistaxis management was deemed good by 7 patients, adequate in 8, poor in 6, and not stated by 11 patients. In conclusion, this survey is the first to quantify the epistaxis burden within the northeast of England. The management of epistaxis needs specific education and treatment to optimize the quality of life among these patients. PMID:25860167

  18. Awareness of investigations and treatment of faecal incontinence among the general practitioners: a postal questionnaire survey.

    PubMed

    Thekkinkattil, D K; Lim, M; Finan, P J; Sagar, P M; Burke, D

    2008-03-01

    Faecal incontinence is a distressing condition that can result in significant embarrassment and limitation of routine activities. General practitioners (GP) are the primary carers of such patients. There are recent developments in the surgical treatment options for this under-reported condition. Awareness of these changes is required to make the best use of them. To the best knowledge of the authors, no studies have examined the awareness of investigations and treatment options for faecal incontinence amongst GPs. This is the focus of our study. A confidential questionnaire was posted to GPs in the Yorkshire region. The questionnaire was designed to assess: first, the basic knowledge of GPs with regard to prevalence, investigations and treatment modalities of faecal incontinence and secondly, the patterns of consultations and referrals of patients with faecal incontinence. One thousand and one hundred questionnaires were posted. Five hundred and four were returned giving a response rate of 48.5% (n = 504). The prevalence assessed by the GPs is similar to that by population based surveys. Only 32% (n = 162) of GPs were aware of at least one investigation. Similarly only 32% of the GP's were aware of at least one form of surgical treatment. The knowledge of UK centres where these facilities are available was limited (60% not aware). Only one quarter of the GPs referred the patients to the surgical specialties. Surprisingly, there was no significant difference in the level of knowledge of investigation and treatments between the GPs who see patients with faecal incontinence more frequently compared with those who see such patients infrequently (P-values 0.298 and 0.432 respectively). The level of awareness of investigation modalities and treatment options for faecal incontinence is limited among GPs. Knowledge of the existence of diagnostic tests and surgical treatment options for faecal incontinence and the centres with these facilities is needed for the best

  19. 76 FR 49511 - Postal Service Initiative on Retail Postal Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Postal Service Initiative on Retail Postal Locations AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... of the continuation of service at postal retail locations. The procedural schedule included an...

  20. Medical practitioners in outpatient care: who is interested in participating in EBM courses? Results of a representative postal survey in Germany.

    PubMed

    Meyer, Thorsten; Stroebel, Angelika; Raspe, Heiner

    2005-10-01

    We surveyed the attitudes of medical practitioners towards evidence-based medicine (EBM) and characterized those with an interest in participating in EBM courses. A random sample of 900 outpatient care doctors stratified by level and field of specialization was surveyed by means of a postal questionnaire. Importance of knowledge on information management, a positive attitude towards EBM and not yet doing critical appraisal were significant predictors of interest in participating in EBM courses. Low participation rates of outpatient care doctors in EBM courses are not due to attitudinal or general motivational problems. Although possible predictors of interest in participation could be specified, further factors contributing to actual participation need to be identified.

  1. School Psychology in Egypt: Results of the 2008 International School Psychology Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimerson, Shane R.; Alghorani, Mohammad Adnan; Darweish, Abdel-Hameed; Abdelaziz, Mahmoud

    2010-01-01

    The International School Psychology Survey (ISPS) was used to gather information about the characteristics, training, roles, activities, preferences, research interests and the challenges experienced by school psychology specialists in Egypt. To the degree that the data are representative of the school psychology specialists Egypt, it appears that…

  2. School Psychology in Egypt: Results of the 2008 International School Psychology Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimerson, Shane R.; Alghorani, Mohammad Adnan; Darweish, Abdel-Hameed; Abdelaziz, Mahmoud

    2010-01-01

    The International School Psychology Survey (ISPS) was used to gather information about the characteristics, training, roles, activities, preferences, research interests and the challenges experienced by school psychology specialists in Egypt. To the degree that the data are representative of the school psychology specialists Egypt, it appears that…

  3. Who does not participate in a follow-up postal study? a survey of infertile couples treated by in vitro fertilization

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background A good response rate has been considered as a proof of a study’s quality. Decreasing participation and its potential impact on the internal validity of the study are of growing interest. Our objective was to assess factors associated with contact and response to a postal survey in a epidemiological study of the long-term outcome of IVF couples. Methods The DAIFI study is a retrospective cohort including 6,507 couples who began an IVF program in 2000-2002 in one of the eight participating French IVF centers. Medical data on all 6,507 couples were obtained from IVF center databases, and information on long-term outcome was available only for participants in the postal survey (n = 2,321). Logistic regressions were used to assess firstly factors associated with contact and secondly factors associated with response to the postal questionnaire among contacted couples. Results Sixty-two percent of the 6,507 couples were contacted and 58% of these responded to the postal questionnaire. Contacted couples were more likely to have had a child during IVF treatment than non-contactable couples, and the same was true of respondents compared with non-respondents. Demographic and medical characteristics were both associated with probability of contact and probability of response. After adjustment, having a live birth during IVF treatment remained associated with both probabilities, and more strongly with probability of response. Having a child during IVF treatment was a major factor impacting on participation rate. Conclusions Non-response as well as non-contact were linked to the outcome of interest, i.e. long-term parenthood success of infertile couples. Our study illustrates that an a priori hypothesis may be too simplistic and may underestimate potential bias. In the context of growing use of analytical methods that take attrition into account (such as multiple imputation), we need to better understand the mechanisms that underlie attrition in order to choose

  4. Interviewer BMI effects on under- and over-reporting of restrained eating: evidence from a national Dutch face-to-face survey and a postal follow-up.

    PubMed

    Eisinga, Rob; te Grotenhuis, Manfred; Larsen, Junilla K; Pelzer, Ben

    2012-06-01

    To determine the effect of interviewer BMI on self-reported restrained eating in a face-to-face survey and to examine under- and over-reporting using the face-to face study and a postal follow-up. A sample of 1,212 Dutch adults was assigned to 98 interviewers with different BMI who administered an eating questionnaire. To further evaluate misreporting a mail follow-up was conducted among 504 participants. Data were analyzed using two-level hierarchical models. Interviewer BMI had a positive effect on restrained eating. Normal weight and pre-obese interviewers obtained valid responses, underweight interviewers stimulated under-reporting whereas obese interviewers triggered over-reporting. In face-to-face interviews self-reported dietary restraint is distorted by interviewer BMI. This result has implications for public health surveys, the more so given the expanding obesity epidemic.

  5. Taking the Pulse of Undergraduate Health Psychology: A Nationwide Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brack, Amy Badura; Kesitilwe, Kutlo; Ware, Mark E.

    2010-01-01

    We conducted a random national survey of 100 doctoral, 100 comprehensive, and 100 baccalaureate institutions to determine the current state of the undergraduate health psychology course. We found clear evidence of a maturing course with much greater commonality in name (health psychology), theoretical foundation (the biopsychosocial model), and…

  6. The Status of Sport Psychology: A National Survey of Coaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silva, John M., III

    1984-01-01

    Sport psychology has made significant advances in organization and research technology while creating an instrumental and influential subdiscipline of physical education. A survey of high school and college coaches was performed to discover specific areas of sport psychology found to be important and how coaches would like to integrate sport…

  7. Taking the Pulse of Undergraduate Health Psychology: A Nationwide Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brack, Amy Badura; Kesitilwe, Kutlo; Ware, Mark E.

    2010-01-01

    We conducted a random national survey of 100 doctoral, 100 comprehensive, and 100 baccalaureate institutions to determine the current state of the undergraduate health psychology course. We found clear evidence of a maturing course with much greater commonality in name (health psychology), theoretical foundation (the biopsychosocial model), and…

  8. The Teaching of Undergraduate Health Psychology: A National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Panjwani, Aliza A.; Gurung, Regan A. R.; Revenson, Tracey A.

    2017-01-01

    We conducted an online national survey to examine how undergraduate health psychology is taught, offer information about course design and content, and provide a needs analysis. Health psychology instructors (N = 126) answered questions about course format, teaching tools, importance of covering specific topics, and needed resources. A principal…

  9. Educational Psychology in Portugal: Results of the 2013 International School Psychology Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coelho, Vitor Alexandre; Marchante, Marta; Raimundo, Raquel; Jimerson, Shane

    2016-01-01

    This study provides valuable information regarding the characteristics, training, roles, activities, preferences, research interests and challenges reported by 803 Portuguese educational psychologists. The study includes responses to the International School Psychology Survey (ISPS) from educational psychologists across various regions of…

  10. Educational Psychology in Portugal: Results of the 2013 International School Psychology Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coelho, Vitor Alexandre; Marchante, Marta; Raimundo, Raquel; Jimerson, Shane

    2016-01-01

    This study provides valuable information regarding the characteristics, training, roles, activities, preferences, research interests and challenges reported by 803 Portuguese educational psychologists. The study includes responses to the International School Psychology Survey (ISPS) from educational psychologists across various regions of…

  11. Educational Psychology in New Zealand: Results of the 2006 International School Psychology Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimerson, Shane R.; Annan, Jean; Skokut, Mary; Renshaw, Tyler L.

    2009-01-01

    The International School Psychology Survey (ISPS) was used to gather information about New Zealand educational psychologists' characteristics, training, roles, activities, preferences, research interests and the challenges they experienced in their work. The results of this survey were considered in relation to the social and cultural context of…

  12. The feasibility of using a postal survey method to assess the health and development of 7 year old children of different birth weight

    PubMed Central

    Alderdice, F.; Petty, T.; Johnson, A.; Macfarlane, A.

    1998-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of using a postal survey to assess health and development in 7 year old children of different birth weights and to examine the response and any resulting response bias. DESIGN: A multi-stage postal survey, using a sample stratified by birth weight. SETTING: The four counties of Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, and Northamptonshire, which make up the former Oxford NHS Region. SAMPLE: All children born in 1985 to the residents of the former Oxford region who weighed either under 1500 g or over 5000 g at birth and all those with unstated birth weight were included. Samples of approximately 130 live births were randomly selected from each 500 g birth weight band between 1500 g and 5000 g. The total sample size was 1319. METHODS: The children in the sample were identified from birth registration and traced through the National Health Service Central Register (NHSCR). Self administered questionnaires were sent through the relevant Family Health Service Authority (FHSA) and then via the child's general practitioner (GP) to the child's parent(s). When parents' permission was given, self administered questionnaires were also sent to the child's GP and teacher. MAIN RESULTS: Of the 1319 children, 1169 were alive at the age of 7 and were successfully traced. Questionnaires were forwarded by GPs to parents of 1071 children and completed questionnaires were obtained from parents of 805 children. Parents of 753 children gave permission to approach the child's teacher and replies were received for 695. Parents of 770 children gave permission to send a questionnaire to the child's GP and 724 were returned completed. Response bias was assessed for the parents' questionnaire using data recorded about all births at birth registration. Response rates varied by sex of child, social class, and country of birth of the father. In addition, parents with a child with a serious motor or sensory deficit appeared to be more likely to respond

  13. Survey Response Rates and Survey Administration in Counseling and Clinical Psychology: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Horn, Pamela S.; Green, Kathy E.; Martinussen, Monica

    2009-01-01

    This article reports results of a meta-analysis of survey response rates in published research in counseling and clinical psychology over a 20-year span and describes reported survey administration procedures in those fields. Results of 308 survey administrations showed a weighted average response rate of 49.6%. Among possible moderators, response…

  14. A Survey of Psychological Assessment Feedback Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Steven R.; Wiggins, Chauntel M.; Gorske, Tad T.

    2007-01-01

    There have been no previous studies on how often psychologists conduct feedback and whether they view this practice as a useful component of assessment. To explore psychologists' feedback practices and their perception of the effects of feedback on their clients, the authors examined survey data from 719 psychologist members of the International…

  15. A Survey of Psychological Assessment Feedback Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Steven R.; Wiggins, Chauntel M.; Gorske, Tad T.

    2007-01-01

    There have been no previous studies on how often psychologists conduct feedback and whether they view this practice as a useful component of assessment. To explore psychologists' feedback practices and their perception of the effects of feedback on their clients, the authors examined survey data from 719 psychologist members of the International…

  16. Coping strategies, psychological impact and support preferences of men with rheumatoid arthritis: a multicentre survey.

    PubMed

    Flurey, Caroline A; Hewlett, Sarah; Rodham, Karen; White, Alan; Noddings, Robert; Kirwan, John R

    2017-09-21

    To investigate the existence and distribution of two typologies (termed 'Factors') of men with RA identified through our previous Q-methodology study (n=30) in a larger sample of men with RA, and whether differences in psychosocial impact or support preferences exist between the two factors, and between men and women with RA. A postal survey was sent to 620 men with RA from 6 rheumatology units across England, and the support preferences section of the survey was given to 232 women with RA. 295 male patients (47.6%) and 103 female patients (44.4%) responded. Fifteen male participants had missing data, thus 280 were included in the analysis. Of these, 61 (22%) were assigned to Factor A ("accept and adapt"), 120 (35%) were assigned to Factor B ("struggling to match up") and 99 (35%) were unassigned to either factor. The two factors differed significantly with Factor B reporting more severe disease, less effective coping strategies and poorer psychological status. For support, men favoured a question and answer session with a consultant (54%) or specialist nurse (50%), a website for information (69%), a talk from researchers (54%), or a symptom management session (54%). Overall, women reported more interest in support sessions than men, with ≥50% of women reporting interest in nearly every option provided. Some men accept and adapt to their RA, but others (43%) report severe disease, less effective coping and poor psychological status. Men's preferences for support take the practical form, with a focus on expanding their knowledge. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  17. Online Database Use in Psychology: A Survey of Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perdue, Bob; Piotrowski, Chris

    This study examined current information retrieval strategies used by online searchers involved in psychological research. A survey was distributed in fall 1988 to 200 database coordinators at institutions of higher education throughout the United States to obtain information on the databases accessed and use of multi-database options. The response…

  18. Society of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey: Development of Survey Methods, Sample Characteristics, and Lessons Learned

    PubMed Central

    Wysocki, Tim; Brosig, Cheryl L.; Hilliard, Marisa E.

    2016-01-01

    There are few detailed workforce studies of specialty fields within professional psychology, and none have been reported for pediatric psychology since 2006. Availability of such data could facilitate more-informed decision making by students and trainees, psychologists pursuing employment opportunities, and psychologists involved in employment or compensation negotiations. This article describes the work of a task force of the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 54 (Society of Pediatric Psychology) in the design, construction, pretesting, distribution, and data management for the Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) Workforce Survey. The 18-member task force was established to design and implement a workforce survey that balanced needs for breadth, clarity, brevity, and protection of confidentiality. The survey solicits information about demographic characteristics; training, licensure and certifications; employment settings, responsibilities, and productivity metrics; compensation; and employment satisfaction. A survey link was distributed via e-mail to full members of the SPP in June 2015. A total of 404 members (32.3% return rate) completed the survey. This article focuses on the development, methodology, and respondent characteristics for this 1st administration of the workforce survey. Separate articles will report detailed analyses of the survey results such as compensation and work satisfaction. Future distributions of the survey will enable compilation of a longitudinal database to track changes in the profession. SPP members and others may propose additional analyses of these data. This work may provide guidance to other groups of specialized psychologists who may wish to implement similar initiatives. PMID:28066693

  19. Society of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey: Development of Survey Methods, Sample Characteristics, and Lessons Learned.

    PubMed

    Wysocki, Tim; Brosig, Cheryl L; Hilliard, Marisa E

    2016-03-01

    There are few detailed workforce studies of specialty fields within professional psychology, and none have been reported for pediatric psychology since 2006. Availability of such data could facilitate more-informed decision making by students and trainees, psychologists pursuing employment opportunities, and psychologists involved in employment or compensation negotiations. This article describes the work of a task force of the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 54 (Society of Pediatric Psychology) in the design, construction, pretesting, distribution, and data management for the Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) Workforce Survey. The 18-member task force was established to design and implement a workforce survey that balanced needs for breadth, clarity, brevity, and protection of confidentiality. The survey solicits information about demographic characteristics; training, licensure and certifications; employment settings, responsibilities, and productivity metrics; compensation; and employment satisfaction. A survey link was distributed via e-mail to full members of the SPP in June 2015. A total of 404 members (32.3% return rate) completed the survey. This article focuses on the development, methodology, and respondent characteristics for this 1st administration of the workforce survey. Separate articles will report detailed analyses of the survey results such as compensation and work satisfaction. Future distributions of the survey will enable compilation of a longitudinal database to track changes in the profession. SPP members and others may propose additional analyses of these data. This work may provide guidance to other groups of specialized psychologists who may wish to implement similar initiatives.

  20. 39 CFR 762.15 - Postal Service payments not made by disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... postal money order. 762.15 Section 762.15 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS General, Definitions, Issuance § 762.15 Postal Service payments not made by disbursement postal money order. Postal Service...

  1. 39 CFR 762.15 - Postal Service payments not made by disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... postal money order. 762.15 Section 762.15 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS General, Definitions, Issuance § 762.15 Postal Service payments not made by disbursement postal money order. Postal Service...

  2. A postal survey of data in general practice on the prevalence of Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) in patients aged 18-65 in one county in the west of Ireland.

    PubMed

    Finnerty, Fionnuala; Glynn, Liam; Dineen, Brendan; Colfer, Finbarr; Macfarlane, Anne

    2009-05-19

    Very little is known about the prevalence of acquired brain injury (ABI) in Ireland. ABI prevalence has previously been obtained from Belgian general practitioners using a postal survey. We attempted to ascertain the prevalence of ABI in County Mayo through a postal survey of all general practitioners in the county.The specific objectives of this project were to:1. identify whether general practitioners are a. aware of patients with ABI aged 18-65 in their practices b. able to provide prevalence data on ABI in patients aged 18-65 c. able to provide data on age, gender and patient diagnosis 2. analyse prevalence of ABI from any available data from general practitioners. A pilot postal survey was performed initially in order to assess the feasibility of the study. It was established that general practitioners did have the necessary information required to complete the questionnaire. A main postal survey was then undertaken. A postal questionnaire was administered to all general practices in County Mayo in the west of Ireland (n = 59). The response rate was 32.2% (n = 19). General practitioners who replied on behalf of their practice could provide data on patient age, gender and diagnosis. In the nineteen practices, there were 57 patients with ABI. The age-specific prevalence of ABI in the area surveyed was estimated at 183.7 per 100,000. The mean patient population per practice was 2,833 (SD = 950). There were found to be significantly more patients with ABI in rural areas than urban areas (p = 0.006). There were also significant differences in the ages of patients in the different ABI categories. Patients whose ABI was of traumatic origin were significantly younger than those patients with ABI of haemorrhagic origin (p = 0.002). Although this is a small-scale study, we have ascertained that general practitioners do have data on patients with ABI. Also, some prevalence data now exist where none was available before. These can be used to form the basis of a more

  3. Prescribing injectable and oral methadone to opiate addicts: results from the 1995 national postal survey of community pharmacies in England and Wales.

    PubMed Central

    Strang, J.; Sheridan, J.; Barber, N.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To establish the extent of prescribing injectable and oral methadone to opiate addicts and the practice characteristics and dispensing arrangements attached to these prescriptions. DESIGN--National survey of 25% random sample of community (high street) pharmacies through postal questionnaire, with four mailings. SETTING--England and Wales. SUBJECTS--1 in 4 sample of all 10,616 community pharmacies, stratified by family health services authority. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Data were collected on each prescription for controlled drugs currently being dispensed by pharmacies to misusers, describing the drug, form, dose, source (general practice or hospital; and NHS or private), and numbers of dispensing pick ups a week. RESULTS--Methadone was the opiate most commonly dispensed to misusers (96.0% of 3846 opiate prescriptions). 79.6% of methadone prescriptions were for the oral liquid form, 11.0% for tablet, and 9.3% for injectable ampoules. More than one third of all methadone prescriptions were for weekly or fortnightly pick up, with a further third being for daily pick up. Tablets and ampoules were even less likely to be dispensed on a daily basis. Private prescriptions were significantly more likely than NHS ones to be for tablets or ampoules, to be for substantially higher daily doses, and to be collected on a weekly or fortnightly basis. CONCLUSIONS--The distinctively British practice of prescribing injectable methadone was found to be widespread and, contrary to guidance, to be as prevalent in non-specialist as specialist settings. In view of the frequent crushing and injecting of methadone tablets, clearer more authoritative guidance is needed on the contexts in which injectable methadone (tablets as well as ampoules) should be prescribed and on the responsibilities for monitoring and supervision which should be attached. PMID:8704540

  4. Prescribing injectable and oral methadone to opiate addicts: results from the 1995 national postal survey of community pharmacies in England and Wales.

    PubMed

    Strang, J; Sheridan, J; Barber, N

    1996-08-03

    To establish the extent of prescribing injectable and oral methadone to opiate addicts and the practice characteristics and dispensing arrangements attached to these prescriptions. National survey of 25% random sample of community (high street) pharmacies through postal questionnaire, with four mailings. England and Wales. 1 in 4 sample of all 10,616 community pharmacies, stratified by family health services authority. Data were collected on each prescription for controlled drugs currently being dispensed by pharmacies to misusers, describing the drug, form, dose, source (general practice or hospital; and NHS or private), and numbers of dispensing pick ups a week. Methadone was the opiate most commonly dispensed to misusers (96.0% of 3846 opiate prescriptions). 79.6% of methadone prescriptions were for the oral liquid form, 11.0% for tablet, and 9.3% for injectable ampoules. More than one third of all methadone prescriptions were for weekly or fortnightly pick up, with a further third being for daily pick up. Tablets and ampoules were even less likely to be dispensed on a daily basis. Private prescriptions were significantly more likely than NHS ones to be for tablets or ampoules, to be for substantially higher daily doses, and to be collected on a weekly or fortnightly basis. The distinctively British practice of prescribing injectable methadone was found to be widespread and, contrary to guidance, to be as prevalent in non-specialist as specialist settings. In view of the frequent crushing and injecting of methadone tablets, clearer more authoritative guidance is needed on the contexts in which injectable methadone (tablets as well as ampoules) should be prescribed and on the responsibilities for monitoring and supervision which should be attached.

  5. Prevalence, Diagnosis, Perioperative Monitoring and Treatment of Right Ventricular Dysfunction and/or Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Cardiac Surgical Patients in Germany-A Postal Survey.

    PubMed

    Heringlake, Matthias; Schön, Julika; Pliet, Teresa; Haake, Nils; Reinecke, Alexander; Habicher, Marit; Sander, Michael; Markewitz, Andreas; Reuter, Daniel A; Groesdonk, Heinrich Volker; Trummer, Georg; Pilarzyk, Kevin; von der Brelie, Michael; Bein, Berthold; Schirmer, Uwe

    2016-02-24

    Background Sparse data are available on the prevalence of right ventricular dysfunction and/or pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery in Germany as well as on the intensity and modalities used for diagnosis, perioperative monitoring, and treatment of these comorbidities. Methods A postal survey including questions on the prevalence of preoperative right ventricular dysfunction and/or pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients undergoing cardiac surgery in 2009 was sent to 81 German heart centers. Total 47 of 81 (58%) heart centers returned the questionnaires. The centers reported data on 51,095 patients, and 49.8% of the procedures were isolated coronary artery bypass grafting. Results Data on the prevalence of preoperative pulmonary hypertension and/or right ventricular dysfunction were not available in 54% and 64.6% of centers. In the remaining hospitals, 19.5% of patients presented right heart dysfunction and 10% pulmonary arterial hypertension. Preoperative echocardiography was performed in only 45.3% of the coronary artery bypass grafting cases. Preoperative pharmacologic treatment of pulmonary hypertension or right ventricular dysfunction with oral sildenafil, inhaled prostanoids, or nitric oxide was initiated in 71% and 95.7% of the centers, respectively. Intra- and postoperative treatment was most frequently accomplished with phosphodiesterase-III inhibitors. Conclusion The prevalence of preoperative right heart dysfunction and pulmonary arterial hypertension in cardiac surgical patients in Germany seems to be substantial. However, in more than 50% of the patients, no preoperative data on right ventricular function and pulmonary arterial pressure are available. This may lead to underestimation of perioperative risk and inappropriate management of this high-risk population.

  6. Self-reported competence, attitude and approach of physicians towards patients with dementia in ambulatory care: Results of a postal survey

    PubMed Central

    Kaduszkiewicz, Hanna; Wiese, Birgitt; van den Bussche, Hendrik

    2008-01-01

    Background Caring for patients with dementia is a demanding task. Little is known as to whether physicians feel competent enough to perform this task or whether a lack of self-perceived competence influences attitudes and professional approach. Even less is known with respect to potential differences between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interrelationship between the self-perceived competence, attitude and professional approach of physicians in ambulatory care in Germany. A further aim was to compare GPs and specialists with regard to differences in these areas. Methods A standardised postal survey was sent to 389 GPs and 239 neurologists and psychiatrists in six metropolitan areas in Germany. The 49-item questionnaire consisted of attitudinal statements to be rated on a Likert-type scale. Return rates were 54 percent for GPs and 40 percent for specialists. Statistical methods used to analyze data included correlation analysis, cluster analysis and ordinal regression analysis. Results No differences were found between GPs and specialists with regard to their general attitude towards caring for patients with dementia. Approximately 15 percent of both disciplines showed a clearly negative attitude. Self-reported competence was strongly associated with general attitude. In particular among GPs, and less so among specialists, a strong positive association was found between self-reported competence, general attitude and professional approach (e.g. early detection, active case finding and cooperation with caregivers). Differences between GPs and specialists were smaller than expected and appear to predominantly reflect task differences within the German health care system. Conclusion Training opportunities which enable in particular GPs to enhance not only their competence but also their general attitude towards dementia care would appear to be beneficial and might carry positive consequences for patients

  7. What Parents of Children Who Have Received Emergency Care Think about Deferring Consent in Randomised Trials of Emergency Treatments: Postal Survey

    PubMed Central

    Gamble, Carrol; Nadel, Simon; Snape, Dee; McKay, Andrew; Hickey, Helen; Williamson, Paula; Glennie, Linda; Snowdon, Claire; Young, Bridget

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate parents’ views about deferred consent to inform management of trial disclosure after a child’s death. Methods A postal questionnaire survey was sent to members of the Meningitis Research Foundation UK charity, whose child had suffered from bacterial meningitis or meningococcal septicaemia within the previous 5 years. Main outcome measures were acceptability of deferred consent; timing of requesting consent; and the management of disclosure of the trial after a child’s death. Results 220 families were sent questionnaires of whom 63 (29%) were bereaved. 68 families responded (31%), of whom 19 (28%) were bereaved. The majority (67%) was willing for their child to be involved in the trial without the trial being explained to them beforehand; 70% wanted to be informed about the trial as soon as their child’s condition had stabilised. In the event of a child’s death before the trial could be discussed the majority of bereaved parents (66% 12/18) anticipated wanting to be told about the trial at some time. This compared with 37% (18/49) of non-bereaved families (p = 0.06). Parents’ free text responses indicated that the word ‘trial’ held strongly negative connotations. A few parents regarded gaps in the evidence base about emergency treatments as indicating staff lacked expertise to care for a critically ill child. Bereaved parents’ free text responses indicated the importance of individualised management of disclosure about a trial following a child’s death. Discussion Deferred consent is acceptable to the majority of respondents. Parents whose children had recovered differed in their views compared to bereaved parents. Most bereaved parents would want to be informed about the trial in the aftermath of a child’s death, although a minority strongly opposed such disclosure. Distinction should be drawn between the views of bereaved and non-bereaved parents when considering the acceptability of different consent processes

  8. Changing profile of joint disorders with age: findings from a postal survey of the population of Calderdale, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

    PubMed Central

    Badley, E M; Tennant, A

    1992-01-01

    A survey of the age-sex specific prevalence of joint problems in a population and associated features such as disablement and use of treatment was carried out in 1986 in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom. A postal questionnaire was sent to 25,168 households; 87% were returned, representing households containing 42,826 people aged 16 years and over. Positive answers to a question about pain, swelling, or stiffness in the joints, neck, or back were given by 10,246 subjects, 24% of the population aged 16 years and older, of whom 6181 (60.3%) were women. The rate of reporting of joint problems increased markedly with age, from 5% for subjects aged 16-24 years to 54% for those aged 85 years and older. The joint sites most often reported as affected were the knee and the back, with a frequency in the population of about 10%. The increase in joint problems with age was accompanied by an increase in reported morning stiffness of more than half an hour, taking drugs, and disability, but not in reporting seeing a specialist for these conditions. Of those aged 85 years and older who reported joint problems, most also had difficulty or dependence in activities of daily living. The increasing prevalence of joint problems with age has implications for the provision of care, both in the community and in hospitals, especially in view of the aging of the population as a whole. The planning of health services for those with rheumatic disorders needs to take into account the high incidence of joint problems in the population. PMID:1533506

  9. Provision of emergency contraception in general practice and confidentiality for the under 16's: results of a postal survey by general practitioners in Avon.

    PubMed

    Graham, A; Moore, L; Sharp, D

    2001-10-01

    To describe the provision of emergency contraception and confidentiality for the under 16's by general practitioners (GPs) in Avon, in order to inform the development of a health promotion intervention in schools in Avon. Confidential postal questionnaire survey. All principals in general practice in Avon Health Authority, South West England. Five hundred and eighty general practice principals were sent the questionnaire. Four hundred and eighty-six (84%) principals in general practice responded to the questionnaire. Only three (0.6%) GPs did not provide hormonal emergency contraception. Nearly half (232, 47.7%) would fit the intrauterine device (IUD) as emergency contraception. Fitting an IUD was associated with female gender of the GP (OR = 2.34, 95% CI 1.53-3.71), and whether the GP had a family planning qualification (OR = 4.55, 95% CI 2.41-8.60). Three hundred and fifty-two (72%) respondents would provide emergency contraception on a Sunday if requested to do so by a 14-year-old who reported having had unprotected sex the night before. Practice nurses in 26 (5%) of the respondent's practices were available to provide advice and tablets for patients requesting hormonal emergency contraception. However, 74 (21%) respondents employed a family planning trained practice nurse who was not involved in any way in the provision of emergency contraception. Practice nurses remain an under used resource in this area. Our findings suggest that most GPs provide hormonal emergency contraception. Only eight (1.6%) of respondents would need to ask for parental consent prior to providing hormonal emergency contraception to a 14-year old-girl. Young people need to be informed of GPs widespread adherence to current confidentiality guidelines.

  10. Characteristics of service users and provider organisations associated with experience of out of hours general practitioner care in England: population based cross sectional postal questionnaire survey

    PubMed Central

    Abel, Gary; Lyratzopoulos, Georgios; Elliott, Marc N; Richards, Suzanne; Barry, Heather E; Roland, Martin; Campbell, John L

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the experience of users of out of hours general practitioner services in England, UK. Design Population based cross sectional postal questionnaire survey. Setting General Practice Patient Survey 2012-13. Main outcome measures Potential associations between sociodemographic factors (including ethnicity and ability to take time away from work during working hours to attend a healthcare consultation) and provider organisation type (not for profit, NHS, or commercial) and service users’ experience of out of hours care (timeliness, confidence and trust in the out of hours clinician, and overall experience of the service), rated on a scale of 0-100. Which sociodemographic/provider characteristics were associated with service users’ experience, the extent to which any observed differences could be because of clustering of service users of a particular sociodemographic group within poorer scoring providers, and the extent to which observed differences in experience varied across types of provider. Results The overall response rate was 35%; 971 232/2 750 000 patients returned surveys. Data from 902 170 individual service users were mapped through their registered practice to one of 86 providers of out of hours GP care with known organisation type. Commercial providers of out of hours GP care were associated with poorer reports of overall experience of care, with a mean difference of −3.13 (95% confidence interval −4.96 to −1.30) compared with not for profit providers. Asian service users reported lower scores for all three experience outcomes than white service users (mean difference for overall experience of care −3.62, −4.36 to −2.89), as did service users who were unable to take time away from work compared with service users who did not work (mean difference for overall experience of care −4.73, −5.29 to −4.17). Conclusions Commercial providers of out of hours GP care were associated with poorer experience of care

  11. 39 CFR 762.26 - Postal facilities not to cash disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Postal facilities not to cash disbursement postal money orders. 762.26 Section 762.26 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements,...

  12. 39 CFR 762.15 - Postal Service payments not made by disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Postal Service payments not made by disbursement postal money order. 762.15 Section 762.15 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS General, Definitions,...

  13. Psychological problems in children with hemiplegia: a European multicentre survey.

    PubMed

    Parkes, J; White-Koning, M; McCullough, N; Colver, A

    2009-06-01

    To describe the prevalence and determinants of psychological problems in European children with hemiplegia. Cross-sectional survey. Home visits in nine European regions by research associates who administered standard questionnaires to parents. 279 children with hemiplegia aged 8-12 years were recruited from population-based case registers. Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire comprising emotion, conduct, hyperactivity, peer problems and prosocial domains. An "impact score" (IS) measures the social and psychological impact of the child's difficulties. Children with hemiplegia had higher mean scores on the total difficulties score (TDS) compared with a normative sample (p<0.001). 48% and 57% of children, respectively, had borderline-abnormal TDS and IS. Significant, independent associations were observed between intellectual impairment and an increased risk for hyperactivity (odds ratio; OR 8.4, 95% CI 3.4 to 20.8), peer problems (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.7 to 5.5), psychological and social impact (OR 3.0, 95% CI 1.6 to 5.6) when children with an intellectual quotient (IQ) <50 were compared with those with an IQ >70. Boys had an increased risk for conduct (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.7) and hyperactivity disorders (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.4 to 4.6). Poor self-esteem was associated with an increased risk for peer problems (OR 5.8, 95% CI 2.5 to 13.4) and poor prosocial skills (OR 7.5, 95% CI 2.4 to 23.2) compared with those with high self-esteem. Other determinants of psychological adjustment were impaired communication, severe pain and living with a single parent. Many of the psychological problems identified are amenable to treatment. Special attention should be given to those at highest risk of developing psychological difficulties.

  14. 76 FR 47275 - Postal Service Initiative on Retail Postal Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ... post offices, opening or closing of those facilities, and improving customer experience. Id. Witness...\\ Id. at 17-18. Finally, the testimony explains how the Postal Service's new rules work ] and how they... Postal Service's request raises important issues. Given the Postal Service's financial position, the...

  15. 76 FR 11532 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This document addresses a recent Postal Service filing concerning an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS...

  16. 75 FR 18244 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Contracts. The Postal Service contemporaneously filed a contract related to the proposed new product...

  17. 39 CFR 762.26 - Postal facilities not to cash disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... money orders. 762.26 Section 762.26 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.26 Postal facilities not...

  18. 39 CFR 762.26 - Postal facilities not to cash disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... money orders. 762.26 Section 762.26 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.26 Postal facilities not...

  19. Postal cancellation from spaceport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The John F. Kennedy Space Center, in cooperation with the United States Postal Service, is offering a cancellation service to interested philatelists for the space flight programs at Kennedy.Philatelists who wish to avail themselves of this service may do so by following the procedures outlined below: Specify the event for which you wish this service. There is a limit of five covers per customer per event.

  20. Undergraduate Psychological Writing: A Best Practices Guide and National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishak, Shaziela; Salter, Nicholas P.

    2017-01-01

    There is no comprehensive guide for teaching psychological writing, and little is known about how often instructors teach the topic. We present a best practices guide for teaching psychological writing beyond just American Psychological Association style, discuss psychology-specific writing assignments, and examine psychological writing…

  1. Undergraduate Psychological Writing: A Best Practices Guide and National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishak, Shaziela; Salter, Nicholas P.

    2017-01-01

    There is no comprehensive guide for teaching psychological writing, and little is known about how often instructors teach the topic. We present a best practices guide for teaching psychological writing beyond just American Psychological Association style, discuss psychology-specific writing assignments, and examine psychological writing…

  2. Graduate Education in Gerontological Psychology: Results of a Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Storandt, Martha

    1977-01-01

    A questionnaire concerning graduate offerings in psychology of aging was mailed to 238 departments of psychology throughout the United States. Of the 191 responses, 16 departments were found to offer a formal program of graduate study in gerontological psychology. Presented at the American Psychological Association meeting, Washington, September,…

  3. 39 CFR 255.9 - Other postal regulations; authority of postal managers and employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... managers and employees. 255.9 Section 255.9 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND... ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.9 Other postal regulations; authority of postal managers and... repeal, modify, or amend any other postal regulation, to authorize any postal manager or employee to...

  4. 39 CFR 255.9 - Other postal regulations; authority of postal managers and employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... managers and employees. 255.9 Section 255.9 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND... ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 255.9 Other postal regulations; authority of postal managers and... repeal, modify, or amend any other postal regulation, to authorize any postal manager or employee to...

  5. 78 FR 37246 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice SUMMARY: The Commission is... the introductory (``Whereas'') paragraphs of the Agreement; revisions to existing articles; and new...

  6. 77 FR 2676 - Competitive Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-19

    ... Postal Service an artificial competitive advantage. The Commission gave considerable weight to the... 39 CFR Part 3015 Competitive Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: The Commission is initiating a review to determine whether competitive...

  7. 78 FR 79710 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-31

    ...] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... the introductory paragraphs of the Agreement; revisions to numerous existing articles; and new...

  8. 39 CFR 761.6 - Delivery of Postal Service securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Delivery of Postal Service securities. 761.6 Section 761.6 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURES § 761.6 Delivery of Postal Service securities. A Reserve Bank which has received Postal Service...

  9. A National Survey of School Psychological Services for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, Connie Brecht; Beverly-Johnson, Sharon

    1993-01-01

    This survey updated a 1974 survey of psychological services provided for students with deafness and hearing impairments. The survey covered job responsibilities, preparation, case load, assessment procedures and instruments used, and communication resources and difficulties in assessment. The 371 school psychologists responding reported that their…

  10. Prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms six months after bacterial gastroenteritis and risk factors for development of the irritable bowel syndrome: postal survey of patients.

    PubMed Central

    Neal, K. R.; Hebden, J.; Spiller, R.

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms six months after bacterial gastroenteritis and determine risk factors and associations with postdysenteric symptoms. DESIGN: Postal questionnaire. SETTING: Nottingham Health Authority. SUBJECTS: 544 people with microbiologically confirmed bacterial gastroenteritis between July 1994 and December 1994. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms and relative risks for development of the irritable bowel syndrome and self reported altered bowel habit. RESULTS: A quarter of subjects reported persistence of altered bowel habit six months after an episode of infective gastroenteritis. Increasing duration of diarrhoea, younger age, and female sex increased this risk, whereas vomiting as part of the illness reduced the risk. One in 14 developed the irritable bowel syndrome with an increased risk seen in women (relative risk 3.4: 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 9.8) and with duration of diarrhoea (6.5; 1.3 to 34 for 15-21 days). CONCLUSIONS: Persistence of bowel symptoms commonly occurs after bacterial gastroenteritis and is responsible for considerable morbidity and health care costs. PMID:9080994

  11. 75 FR 80857 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...). The Postal Service contemporaneously filed a contract related to the proposed new product pursuant to...

  12. 75 FR 9005 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... incidental differences. Id. at 6. The Postal Service contends that its filings demonstrate that this new GEPS...

  13. 78 FR 39783 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-02

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a new product to the competitive product list. This...-54. The Postal Service contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new...

  14. 78 FR 76333 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing requesting an amendment to Priority Mail Contract 29. This notice...

  15. 75 FR 80860 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...). The Postal Service contemporaneously filed a contract related to the proposed new product pursuant to...

  16. 78 FR 76334 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing requesting an amendment to Parcel Select Contract 6. This notice...

  17. 75 FR 67148 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is.... at 4. The Postal Service concludes that its filings demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 3 contracts...

  18. 78 FR 29784 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning the addition of Global Expedited Package Services 3...

  19. 76 FR 9055 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... new requirement. \\1\\ Notice of the United States Postal Service of Classification Change Related to...

  20. 77 FR 50729 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request for two related changes to the product lists. The changes...

  1. 75 FR 44029 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-27

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... the new contract to begin August 1, 2010. In support of its Notice, the Postal Service filed five... Postal Service also contends that its filings demonstrate that the new GEPS 3 contract complies with the...

  2. 78 FR 77172 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning a contract with Canada for the delivery of inbound...

  3. 76 FR 593 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a Global Expedited Package Services 3 contract to...

  4. 75 FR 44138 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION 30 CFR Part 3020 New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Commission is updating postal product lists. This action reflects the disposition of recent...

  5. 75 FR 28076 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ... New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add new Global Expedited Package Services 2 products to.... The Postal Service contends that its filings demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 2 contracts...

  6. 75 FR 80859 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...). The Postal Service contemporaneously filed a contract related to the proposed new product pursuant to...

  7. 75 FR 17175 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is.... The Postal Service contends that its filings demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 2 contracts comply...

  8. 75 FR 65533 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission... Postal Service contemporaneously filed a contract related to the proposed new product pursuant to 39 U.S...

  9. 76 FR 49798 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is.... CP2010-36.'' Id. The Postal Service concludes that its filing demonstrates that the new GREP contract...

  10. 75 FR 66677 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION 39 CFR Part 3020 New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Commission is updating the postal product lists. This action reflects the disposition of...

  11. 75 FR 67146 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... 4. The Postal Service concludes that its filings demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 3 contracts...

  12. 75 FR 22633 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission.... The Postal Service contends that its filings demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 2 contracts comply...

  13. 76 FR 67496 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to enter into an additional Inbound Competitive Multi...

  14. 75 FR 53353 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The Commission is... Agreements with Foreign Postal Operators be added as a new product to the competitive product list. Id. at 8...

  15. 77 FR 1089 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a Global Direct Contracts 1 contract to the...

  16. 76 FR 394 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a Global Direct Contracts 1 contract to the...

  17. 78 FR 42566 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...; and new, deleted, and renumbered articles. Id. at 3-7. The Postal Service states that these...

  18. 77 FR 58185 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a Global Expedited Package Services contract to the...

  19. 77 FR 42341 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add Every Door Direct Mail-Retail (EDDM-R) to the...

  20. 75 FR 53216 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION 39 CFR Part 3020 New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Commission is updating the postal product lists. This action reflects the disposition of...

  1. 76 FR 22739 - Postal Service Market Test

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-22

    ... Postal Service Market Test AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service proposal to conduct a limited market test involving a... test of an experimental market dominant product identified as Mail Works Guarantee.\\1\\ The Postal...

  2. 75 FR 27375 - Postal Rate Case Management

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Postal Rate Case Management AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is seeking comments relevant to management of an anticipated exigent postal rate case. It has...

  3. Quality Assurance in Psychology Programmes across Europe: Survey and Reflections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marques, J. Frederico

    2013-01-01

    The present article examines how different institutions that offer psychology study cycles across Europe have adopted quality principles and have taken up particular quality assurance initiatives to raise standards and enhance quality. Thirty-eight different institutions from 32 countries who were members of a European psychology network responded…

  4. Quality Assurance in Psychology Programmes across Europe: Survey and Reflections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marques, J. Frederico

    2013-01-01

    The present article examines how different institutions that offer psychology study cycles across Europe have adopted quality principles and have taken up particular quality assurance initiatives to raise standards and enhance quality. Thirty-eight different institutions from 32 countries who were members of a European psychology network responded…

  5. Men in Academic School Psychology: A National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque; Palomares, Ronald S.; Eckert, Tanya L.

    2012-01-01

    There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of men employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain male school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress, and to compare…

  6. Men in Academic School Psychology: A National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque; Palomares, Ronald S.; Eckert, Tanya L.

    2012-01-01

    There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of men employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain male school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress, and to compare…

  7. Barriers to Implementing Treatment Integrity Procedures in School Psychology Research: Survey of Treatment Outcome Researchers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanetti, Lisa M. Hagermoser; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.

    2012-01-01

    Treatment integrity data are essential to drawing valid conclusions in treatment outcome studies. Such data, however, are not always included in peer-reviewed research articles in school psychology or related fields. To gain a better understanding of why treatment integrity data are lacking in the school psychology research, we surveyed the…

  8. Barriers to Implementing Treatment Integrity Procedures in School Psychology Research: Survey of Treatment Outcome Researchers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanetti, Lisa M. Hagermoser; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.

    2012-01-01

    Treatment integrity data are essential to drawing valid conclusions in treatment outcome studies. Such data, however, are not always included in peer-reviewed research articles in school psychology or related fields. To gain a better understanding of why treatment integrity data are lacking in the school psychology research, we surveyed the…

  9. A National Survey of American Higher Education Capstone Practices in Sociology and Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauhart, Robert C.; Grahe, Jon E.

    2012-01-01

    Previous research on capstones in sociology and psychology has suggested that there is a typical capstone experience required by three quarters of all four-year colleges and universities in the United States. This article reports results from a national survey that confirm that sociology and psychology capstone courses conform generally to a…

  10. Social Networking in School Psychology Training Programs: A Survey of Faculty and Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pham, Andy V.; Goforth, Anisa N.; Segool, Natasha; Burt, Isaac

    2014-01-01

    The increasing use of social networking sites has become an emerging focus in school psychology training, policy, and research. The purpose of the current study is to present data from a survey on social networking among faculty and graduate students in school psychology training programs. A total of 110 faculty and 112 graduate students in school…

  11. A Survey of Graduate Training Programs and Coursework in Forensic Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burl, Jeffrey; Shah, Sanjay; Filone, Sarah; Foster, Elizabeth; DeMatteo, David

    2012-01-01

    An increasing number of graduate programs are available to students interested in the study of forensic psychology. The growth of forensic training opportunities is reflective of the wider development of forensic psychology as a discrete specialty area. An Internet-based survey was conducted to provide descriptive information to academic advisors…

  12. Doctoral Training in the Psychology of Adult Development and Aging: 1993-1994. Survey Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everhart, D. Erik; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Survey responses from 268 of 444 doctoral programs in adult development/aging and 81 of 145 in clinical psychology show a slight decline in the former. There are fewer teaching assitantships and more internships and practicums; 8% of clinical psychology programs offer a specialization in clinical geropsychology. (SK)

  13. A Survey of Graduate Training Programs and Coursework in Forensic Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burl, Jeffrey; Shah, Sanjay; Filone, Sarah; Foster, Elizabeth; DeMatteo, David

    2012-01-01

    An increasing number of graduate programs are available to students interested in the study of forensic psychology. The growth of forensic training opportunities is reflective of the wider development of forensic psychology as a discrete specialty area. An Internet-based survey was conducted to provide descriptive information to academic advisors…

  14. General practitioners using complementary and alternative medicine differ from general practitioners using conventional medicine in their view of the risks of electromagnetic fields: a postal survey from Germany.

    PubMed

    Kowall, Bernd; Breckenkamp, Jürgen; Berg-Beckhoff, Gabriele

    2015-01-01

    General practitioners (GPs) play a key role in consulting patients worried about health effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF). We compared GPs using conventional medicine (COM) with GPs using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) concerning their perception of EMF risks. Moreover, we assessed whether the kind of alternative medicine has an influence on the results. A total of 2795 GPs drawn randomly from lists of German GPs were sent an either long or short self-administered postal questionnaire on EMF-related topics. Adjusted logistic regression models were fitted to assess the association of an education in alternative medicine with various aspects of perceiving EMF risks. Concern about EMF, misconceptions about EMF, and distrust toward scientific organizations are more prevalent in CAM-GPs. CAM-GPs more often falsely believed that mobile phone use can lead to head warming of more than 1°C (odds ratio [OR] = 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.5-3.3), more often distrusted the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.4-3.6), were more often concerned about mobile phone base stations (OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.6-3.6), more often attributed own health complaints to EMF (OR = 3.2, 95% CI = 1.8-5.6), and more often reported at least 1 EMF consultation (OR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.6-3.9). GPs using homeopathy perceived EMF as more risky than GPs using acupuncture or naturopathic treatment. Concern about common EMF sources is highly prevalent among German GPs. CAM-GPs perceive stronger associations between EMF and health problems than COM-GPs. There is a need for evidence-based information about EMF risks for GPs and particularly for CAM-GPs. This is the precondition that GPs can inform patients about EMF and health in line with current scientific knowledge. © The Author(s) 2014.

  15. A nationwide postal survey on the perception of Malaysian public healthcare providers on family medicine specialists' (PERMFAMS) clinical performance, professional attitudes and research visibility.

    PubMed

    Chew, Boon-How; Yasin, Mazapuspavina Md; Cheong, Ai-Theng; Rashid, Mohd-Radzniwan A; Hamzah, Zuhra; Ismail, Mastura; Ali, Norsiah; Bashah, Baizury; Mohd-Salleh, Noridah

    2015-01-01

    Perception of healthcare providers who worked with family medicine specialists (FMSs) could translate into the effectiveness of primary healthcare delivery in daily practices. This study examined perceptions of public healthcare providers/professionals (PHCPs) on FMSs at public health clinics throughout Malaysia. This was a cross-sectional study in 2012-2013 using postal method targeting PHCPs from three categories of health facilities, namely health clinics, health offices and hospitals. A structured questionnaire was developed to assess PHCP's perception of FMS's clinical competency, safety practice, ethical and professional values, and research involvement. It consists of 37 items with Likert scale of strongly disagree (a score of 1) to strongly agree (a score of 5). Interaction and independent effect of the independent variables were tested and adjusted means score were reported. The participants' response rate was 58.0% (780/1345) with almost equal proportion from each of the three public healthcare facilities. There were more positive perceptions than negative among the PHCPs. FMSs were perceived to provide effective and safe treatment to their patients equally disregards of patient's social background. However, there were some concerns of FMSs not doing home visits, not seeing walk-in patients, had long appointment time, not active in scientific research, writing and publication. There were significant differences in perception based on a respondent's health care facility (p < 0.0001) and frequency of encounter (p < 0.0001). PHCPs had overall positive perceptions on FMSs across all the domains investigated. PHCPs from different health care facilities and frequency of encounter with FMSs had different perception. Practicing FMSs could improve on the critical service areas that were perceived to be important but lacking. FMSs might need further support in conducting research and writing for publication.

  16. Arabic-speaking migrants’ attitudes, opinions, preferences and past experiences concerning the use of interpreters in healthcare: a postal cross-sectional survey

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Good communication is an important prerequisite for equal treatment in a healthcare encounter. One way to overcome language barriers when patients and healthcare staff do not share the same language is to use a professional interpreter. Few previous studies have been found investigating the use of interpreters, and just one previous study from the perspective of European migrants, which showed that they perceived interpreters as a communication aid and a guide in the healthcare system as regards information and practical matters. No previous study has gathered quantitative information to focus on non-European migrants’ attitudes to the use of interpreters in healthcare encounters. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate Arabic-speaking individuals’ attitudes, opinions, preferences and past experiences concerning the use of interpreters in healthcare in order to: (i) understand how persons’ expectations and concerns regarding interpreters may vary, both within and across cultural/linguistic populations; (ii) understand the consequences of diverse opinions/expectations for planning responsive services; and (iii) confirm findings from previous qualitative studies. Method A postal cross-sectional study using a structured self-administered 51-item questionnaire was used to describe and document aspects of Arabic-speaking individuals’ attitudes to the use of interpreters in healthcare. The sample of 53 Arabic-speaking migrants was recruited from three different places. Participants were mostly born in Iraq and had a high level of education and were almost equally divided between genders. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics. Results The main findings were that most of the participants perceived the interpreter’s role as being a communication aid and a practical aid, interpreting literally and objectively. Trust in the professional interpreter was related to qualification as an interpreter and personal contact with face

  17. Scanning for satisfaction or digging for dismay? Comparing findings from a postal survey with those from a focus group-study.

    PubMed

    Carlsen, Benedicte; Glenton, Claire

    2012-09-03

    Despite growing support for mixed methods approaches we still have little systematic knowledge about the consequences of combining surveys and focus groups. While the methodological aspects of questionnaire surveys have been researched extensively, the characteristics of focus group methodology are understudied. We suggest and discuss whether the focus group setting, as compared to questionnaire surveys, encourages participants to exaggerate views in a negative direction. Based on an example from our own research, where we conducted a survey as a follow up of a focus group study, and with reference to theoretical approaches and empirical evidence from the literature concerning survey respondent behaviour and small group dynamics, we discuss the possibility that a discrepancy in findings between the focus groups and the questionnaire reflects characteristics of the two different research methods. In contrast to the survey, the focus group study indicated that doctors were generally negative to clinical guidelines. We were not convinced that this difference in results was due to methodological flaws in either of the studies, and discuss instead how this difference may have been the result of a general methodological phenomenon. Based on studies of how survey questionnaires influence responses, it appears reasonable to claim that surveys are more likely to find exaggerated positive views. Conversely, there are some indications in the literature that focus groups may result in complaints and overly negative attitudes, but this is still an open question. We suggest that while problematic issues tend to be under-communicated in questionnaire surveys, they may be overstated in focus groups.We argue for the importance of increasing our understanding of focus group methodology, for example by reporting interesting discrepancies in mixed methods studies. In addition, more experimental research on focus groups should be conducted to advance the methodology and to test our

  18. Scanning for satisfaction or digging for dismay? Comparing findings from a postal survey with those from a focus group-study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Despite growing support for mixed methods approaches we still have little systematic knowledge about the consequences of combining surveys and focus groups. While the methodological aspects of questionnaire surveys have been researched extensively, the characteristics of focus group methodology are understudied. We suggest and discuss whether the focus group setting, as compared to questionnaire surveys, encourages participants to exaggerate views in a negative direction. Discussion Based on an example from our own research, where we conducted a survey as a follow up of a focus group study, and with reference to theoretical approaches and empirical evidence from the literature concerning survey respondent behaviour and small group dynamics, we discuss the possibility that a discrepancy in findings between the focus groups and the questionnaire reflects characteristics of the two different research methods. In contrast to the survey, the focus group study indicated that doctors were generally negative to clinical guidelines. We were not convinced that this difference in results was due to methodological flaws in either of the studies, and discuss instead how this difference may have been the result of a general methodological phenomenon. Summary Based on studies of how survey questionnaires influence responses, it appears reasonable to claim that surveys are more likely to find exaggerated positive views. Conversely, there are some indications in the literature that focus groups may result in complaints and overly negative attitudes, but this is still an open question. We suggest that while problematic issues tend to be under-communicated in questionnaire surveys, they may be overstated in focus groups. We argue for the importance of increasing our understanding of focus group methodology, for example by reporting interesting discrepancies in mixed methods studies. In addition, more experimental research on focus groups should be conducted to advance the

  19. Evaluation of Psychological Measures Used in the Health Examination Survey of Children Ages 6-11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sells, S. B.

    In this report the psychological procedures used in the Health Examination Survey conducted between June 1963 and December 1965 for children ages 6 through 11 are critically evaluated. In his analysis, the author combines his own professional competence with the information obtained in an extensive survey of literature pertaining to the four…

  20. Stress, Positive Psychology and the National Student Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Chris

    2012-01-01

    The aim was to explore the predictive ability of sources of stress and a range of dispositional and coping behaviours on student satisfaction and motivation. Most research exploring sources of stress and coping in students construes stress as psychological distress, with little attempt to consider positive experiences of stress. A questionnaire…

  1. Teaching Psychology of Women: A Survey of Instructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matlin, Margaret W.

    1989-01-01

    Examines characteristics of people who teach courses in psychology of women, characteristics of their institutions, characteristics of the course itself, and the instructors' reactions to the course. Findings indicate great variance in training of instructors and great enjoyment in teaching these courses. (Author/JS)

  2. The Legal Content of School Psychology Journals: A Systematic Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaheer, Imad; Zirkel, Perry A.

    2014-01-01

    The many challenges that school psychologists face inevitably include legal issues. In light of the agreement between the two primary professional organizations for school psychologists that understanding of law is a critical competency, this study analyzed the extent of law-based articles in leading school psychology journal articles published…

  3. The Legal Content of School Psychology Journals: A Systematic Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaheer, Imad; Zirkel, Perry A.

    2014-01-01

    The many challenges that school psychologists face inevitably include legal issues. In light of the agreement between the two primary professional organizations for school psychologists that understanding of law is a critical competency, this study analyzed the extent of law-based articles in leading school psychology journal articles published…

  4. Prevalence and determinants of cannabinoid prescription for the management of chronic noncancer pain: a postal survey of physicians in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec

    PubMed Central

    St-Amant, Huguette; Ware, Mark A.; Julien, Nancy

    2015-01-01

    Background Few studies have been conducted to explore physicians’ prescription practices and attitudes toward the use of cannabinoids in Canada.We measured the prevalence and identified determinants of cannabinoid prescription for the management of chronic noncancer pain among physicians in southwestern Quebec. Methods In February 2013, we conducted a postal survey using a modified Dillman method that involved physicians practising in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec. We used multivariate logistic regression models to identify determinants of cannabinoid prescription. Results A total of 166 physicians of 318 practising in the region participated in the survey (response rate 52.2%). The prevalence of cannabinoid prescription was 27.3% (45/165) for any indication and 23.0% (38/165) for the management of chronic noncancer pain; 91.1% (41/45) of the physicians prescribed cannabinoids to 5 or fewer patients. Of the 38 physicians who prescribed cannabinoids for chronic noncancer pain, 35 (92.1%) prescribed nabilone, 7 (18.4%) medical marijuana and 2 (5.3%) nabiximols. The principal determinant of cannabinoid prescription was the physician’s level of comfort with prescribing cannabinoids (adjusted odds ratio 1.25, 95% confidence interval 1.01–1.55, per 1-point increase in comfort level measured on 10-point scale). Respondents reported that continuing medical education (CME) activities could increase their comfort level. They also indicated a need for guidelines or algorithms that included cannabinoid use as well as more studies about the efficacy and safety of cannabinoids for the management of chronic noncancer pain. Interpretation We found that cannabinoids were not often prescribed for the management of chronic noncancer pain and that survey respondents were not comfortable with prescribing this drug class. This degree of discomfort could be addressed by CME activities, more effective dissemination of guidelines and more evidence regarding cannabinoid

  5. 77 FR 37077 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    .... 1369] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission... new product. Id., Attachment B. The instant contract has been assigned Docket No. CP2012-33. Request...

  6. 76 FR 11823 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-03

    ... New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: This notice... and adding a new product to the competitive product list. This notice identifies preliminary... a new product, provisionally titled Lightweight Commercial Parcels, to the competitive product list...

  7. 75 FR 61785 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ...; Order No. 548] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... that each of the new GEPS 3 contracts complies with the requirements of 39 U.S.C. 3633 and is...

  8. 32 CFR 700.812 - Postal matters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Postal matters. 700.812 Section 700.812 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... Officers in General § 700.812 Postal matters. Commanding officers shall ensure that mail and postal...

  9. 32 CFR 700.812 - Postal matters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Postal matters. 700.812 Section 700.812 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... Officers in General § 700.812 Postal matters. Commanding officers shall ensure that mail and postal...

  10. 32 CFR 700.812 - Postal matters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Postal matters. 700.812 Section 700.812 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... Officers in General § 700.812 Postal matters. Commanding officers shall ensure that mail and postal...

  11. 32 CFR 700.812 - Postal matters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Postal matters. 700.812 Section 700.812 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... Officers in General § 700.812 Postal matters. Commanding officers shall ensure that mail and postal...

  12. 32 CFR 700.812 - Postal matters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Postal matters. 700.812 Section 700.812 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... Officers in General § 700.812 Postal matters. Commanding officers shall ensure that mail and postal...

  13. 76 FR 7883 - Postal Service Rate Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... rate adjustment.\\1\\ The Notice concerns the inbound portion of a bilateral agreement with HongKong Post... upon the Postal Service obtaining all regulatory approvals and notifying HongKong Post that all such... Agreement (CPG) Agreement. The Postal Service and HongKong Post, the postal operator for Hong Kong, are...

  14. 78 FR 65014 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Postal Service contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product under 39 U...: Attachment A--a redacted copy of Governors' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a...

  15. 76 FR 592 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... that the new GREP contract complies with the requirements of 39 U.S.C. 3633 and is functionally...

  16. 75 FR 65531 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... new product pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. The contract has been assigned Docket...

  17. 75 FR 14475 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contends that its filings demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 2 contracts comply with the requirements of...

  18. 75 FR 44292 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contract related to the proposed new product pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. The...

  19. 77 FR 27491 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... profitable new mail; will enhance the financial position of the Postal Service; will increase mail volume... Mail. Id. at 4. To be eligible for the contract prices, Valassis must initiate new shared saturation...

  20. 78 FR 47431 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-05

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is.... Ordering Paragraphs I. Introduction On July 26, 2013, the Postal Service filed a request to create a new... Mailer from the market dominant product list; and (2) add the new Round-Trip Mailer product to the...

  1. 75 FR 26812 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-12

    ... [Federal Register Volume 75, Number 91 (Wednesday, May 12, 2010)] [Notices] [Page 26812] [FR Doc No: 2010-11246] POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket No. CP2010-47; Order No. 454] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently...

  2. 78 FR 70084 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... (Request). The Postal Service contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new... Governors' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract...

  3. 76 FR 395 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contract related to the proposed new product. Request, Attachment B. The contract has been assigned Docket...

  4. 75 FR 67147 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... demonstrate that the new GREP contract complies with the requirements of 39 U.S.C. 3633 and is functionally...

  5. 75 FR 57087 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... that this new GEPS 3 contract complies with the requirements of 39 U.S.C. 3633 and is functionally...

  6. 75 FR 51505 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... new product pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. The contract has been assigned Docket...

  7. 78 FR 76863 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... (Order No. 956). \\5\\ See, e.g., in Article 1, the addition of two new purposes for the Agreement, and in...

  8. 75 FR 1280 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-11

    ... 39 CFR Part 3020 New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY... dominant and competitive products is also consistent with new requirements in the law. DATES: Effective... Analysis V. Ordering Paragraphs I. Introduction The Postal Service seeks to add a new product identified as...

  9. 75 FR 80858 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Service contemporaneously filed a contract related to the proposed new product pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3632...

  10. 75 FR 54401 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... that each of the new GEPS 3 contracts complies with the requirements of 39 U.S.C. 3633 and is...

  11. 77 FR 304 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id. Attachment B. The instant contract...

  12. 75 FR 65532 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... new product pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. The contract has been assigned Docket...

  13. 75 FR 65676 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 3 contracts complies with the requirements of 39 U.S.C. 3633 and is...

  14. 75 FR 57995 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Service concludes that its filings demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 3 contracts complies with the...

  15. 75 FR 3988 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... 39 CFR Part 3020 New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY.... Commission Analysis V. Ordering Paragraphs I. Introduction The Postal Service seeks to add a new product.... Additionally, UPU members may qualify for ``bonuses'' to their new base rate if they provide certain value...

  16. 78 FR 35650 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... articles, and new annexes, but asserts that these differences do not detract from a finding of functional...

  17. 75 FR 57303 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... demonstrate that each of the new GEPS 3 contracts complies with the requirements of 39 U.S.C. 3633 and is...

  18. 75 FR 8758 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contends that its filings demonstrate that this new GEPS 2 contract is established in compliance with the...

  19. 78 FR 30940 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...). The Postal Service contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product... follows: Attachment A--a redacted copy of Governors' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product...

  20. 75 FR 65675 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-26

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... competitive product list. It is also noticing a contemporaneous Postal Service notice that new rates for... contemporaneously filed notice pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5 that new rates for inbound Express...

  1. 78 FR 77508 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is.... 09-15; Attachment 3--a redacted copy of the new rates; and Attachment 4--a copy of the certification... referenced Governors' Decision, the new rates and related financial information. Id. at 3. The Postal Service...

  2. 78 FR 63519 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... redacted contract related to the proposed new product. Id. Attachment B. The instant contract has been...

  3. 75 FR 35102 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ... New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add new Global Expedited Package Services 2 products to... Service also contends that its filing demonstrates that each of the new GEPS 2 contracts complies with the...

  4. 75 FR 45175 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add two additional Global Expedited Package Services 3 contracts to the competitive product list. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with the filing...

  5. 75 FR 25303 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-07

    ...] New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service filing to add new Global Expedited Packages Services 2 products to the Competitive Product List. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with the filing. DATES...

  6. 75 FR 19434 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ... Clarification and Adding Global Expedited Package Services 2 to the Competitive Product List, August 28, 2009... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a Global Expedited Package Services 2 (GEPS 2...

  7. 75 FR 72845 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-26

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add five Global Expedited Package Services 3 contracts to the competitive product list. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with the filing...

  8. 75 FR 69715 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-15

    ... Global Expedited Package Services 2 to the Competitive Product List, August 28, 2009 (Order No. 290). The...; Order No. 582] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add five additional Global Expedited...

  9. 75 FR 30868 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-02

    ... Clarification and Adding Global Expedited Package Services 2 to the Competitive Product List, August 28, 2009... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service Request to add a Global Expedited Package Services Contracts 2...

  10. 78 FR 40777 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-08

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning the addition of Global Expedited Package Services (GEPS) 3 negotiated service agreement to the competitive product list. This notice informs the public of...

  11. 75 FR 12805 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... Clarification and Adding Global Expedited Package Services 2 to the Competitive Product List, August 28, 2009... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to include a new contract within the existing Global...

  12. 75 FR 27843 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ...] New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service filing to add new Global Expedited Package Services 2 products to the Competitive Product List. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with the filing...

  13. 75 FR 42171 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-20

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a Global Expedited Package Services 2 (GEPS 2) contract to the existing GEPS 2 product. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with this filing...

  14. 75 FR 39992 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-13

    ... New Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add two additional Global Expedited Package Services 2 (GEPS 2) contracts to the Competitive Product List. This notice addresses procedural steps associated...

  15. 75 FR 7296 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-18

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a Global Expedited Package Services 2 contract to the Competitive Product List. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with this filing...

  16. 75 FR 65386 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-22

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add another Global Expedited Package Services 3 (MC2010-28) contract to the competitive product list. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with...

  17. 75 FR 880 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-06

    ... should be included within the Global Direct Contracts 1 product. Id. at 2. \\1\\Notice of United States... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ] ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a Global Direct Contracts 1 agreement to the...

  18. 78 FR 37851 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning the addition of Global Expedited Package Services 3 Contract to the competitive product list. This notice informs the public of the filing, invites public...

  19. 75 FR 45174 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ... Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add six Global Expedited Package Services 3 (GEPS 3) contracts to the competitive product list. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with the filing...

  20. 75 FR 16526 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add additional Global Expedited Package Services 2 (GEPS 2) contracts to the Competitive Product List. This notice addresses procedural steps associated...

  1. 75 FR 53002 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... GEPS 3 product. \\1\\ Notice of United States Postal Service of Filing Six Functionally Equivalent Global... and Adding Global Expedited Package Services 2 to the Competitive Product List, August 28, 2009 (Order... Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing...

  2. 75 FR 47033 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-04

    ... Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add six Global Expedited Package Services 3 contracts to the competitive product list. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with the filing. DATES...

  3. 75 FR 44993 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-30

    ... Postal Service seeks to add a new product, Global Plus 2A, to the competitive product list and to that... baseline contracts for the Global Plus 2 Contracts product.\\4\\ It requests that the instant contracts be..., Order No. 493] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The...

  4. 76 FR 80412 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-23

    ... [Federal Register Volume 76, Number 247 (Friday, December 23, 2011)] [Notices] [Pages 80412-80413] [FR Doc No: 2011-32900] POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Docket No. CP2012-4; Order No. 1057] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a...

  5. 77 FR 76571 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-28

    ... [Federal Register Volume 77, Number 249 (Friday, December 28, 2012)] [Notices] [Pages 76571-76572] [FR Doc No: 2012-31174] POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket No. MC2013-25 and CP2013-33; Order No. 1589] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The...

  6. 76 FR 25381 - Postal Service Market Test

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-04

    ... Postal Service Market Test AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission... Logistics experimental market test, pending Commission action on anticipated request for permanent status... Postal Service moved to temporarily extend its Collaborative Logistics market test under 39 U.S.C. 3641(d...

  7. 75 FR 39710 - Postal Classification Change

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-12

    ... Postal Classification Change AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning two classification changes to... filed a notice pursuant to 39 CFR 3020.90 and 3020.91 concerning two classification changes to...

  8. 78 FR 59382 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-26

    ... COMMISSION New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add a new product to the competitive product... contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product. Id. Attachment B. The...

  9. 77 FR 60727 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 20 to the... Postal Service filed a formal request and associated supporting information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 20 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class...

  10. 77 FR 60725 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 16 to the... Postal Service filed a formal request and associated supporting information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 16 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class...

  11. 77 FR 51583 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-24

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 15 to the... Postal Service filed a formal request and associated supporting information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 15 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class...

  12. 77 FR 60729 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 17 to the... Postal Service filed a formal request and associated supporting information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 17 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class...

  13. 77 FR 60726 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 19 to the... Postal Service filed a formal request and associated supporting information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 19 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class...

  14. 77 FR 60728 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 18 to the... Postal Service filed a formal request and associated supporting information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 18 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class...

  15. Comparison between cancer specialists and general physicians regarding the education of nurse practitioners in Japan: a postal survey of the Japanese Society of Clinical Oncology.

    PubMed

    Ishida, Yasushi; Hatao, Masahiko; Fukushima, Osamu; Mori, Michiko; Isozaki, Fumiko; Okuyama, Asako

    2013-10-01

    Japanese physicians' attitudes regarding the education of nurse practitioners (NPs) are not well described. A survey was mailed to 1,094 board members of the Japanese Society of Clinical Oncology (JSCO) and the Japanese Primary Care Association (JPCA), and the directors of the clinical training program for physicians. The physicians of JSCO were classified as the cancer specialist group, and both the board members of JPCA and the directors of the clinical training program for physicians constituted the general physician group. We compared the responses of cancer specialists and general physicians. The survey response rate was 25.9% (69 of 266) in the cancer specialist group and 19.4% (161 of 828) in the general physician group. The median age of respondents was 53 and 55 years, respectively, of which 84 and 79%, respectively, were men. We found that the percentages of respondents who considered NP education necessary were almost identical in the 2 groups (r = 0.898, p < 0.0001). Education items considered necessary for NPs by >80% respondents in both groups included many symptoms, emergency management, basic procedures, general screening, palliative care including management against adverse effects, health education, and communication. More cancer specialists than general physicians (p < 0.01) expected NPs to be educated in multidisciplinary practice and palliative care, including management against adverse effects. Our study suggests that cancer specialists expect NPs to provide symptom management and psychosocial support, clarify information, provide education, and work as a member of a multidisciplinary team.

  16. 39 CFR 221.1 - The United States Postal Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false The United States Postal Service. 221.1 Section 221.1 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 221.1 The United States Postal Service. The United States Postal Service was established as...

  17. 39 CFR 221.1 - The United States Postal Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false The United States Postal Service. 221.1 Section 221.1 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 221.1 The United States Postal Service. The United States Postal Service was established as...

  18. 39 CFR 221.1 - The United States Postal Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false The United States Postal Service. 221.1 Section 221.1 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 221.1 The United States Postal Service. The United States Postal Service was established as...

  19. 39 CFR 601.104 - Postal purchasing authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Postal purchasing authority. 601.104 Section 601.104 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FOR THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE... in writing local buying authority throughout the Postal Service. ...

  20. 39 CFR 3001.117 - Posting of documents by Postal Service for inspection by affected postal patrons.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Posting of documents by Postal Service for inspection by affected postal patrons. 3001.117 Section 3001.117 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION... Close or Consolidate Post Offices § 3001.117 Posting of documents by Postal Service for inspection...

  1. Whose Hands Ply the Strands? Survey of Eastern Michigan University Psychology Faculty regarding Faculty and Librarian Roles in Nurturing Psychology Information Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanger, Keith

    2012-01-01

    The Association of College and Research Libraries developed information literacy standards and associated performance indicators for undergraduate psychology students. A survey of tenure-track faculty members and full-time lecturers in the Psychology Department at Eastern Michigan University was conducted to discover how those professors viewed…

  2. Serious Psychological Distress Among African Americans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, Robert Joseph; Nguyen, Ann W.; Chatters, Linda M.

    2015-01-01

    Despite their low social standing, there remains a paucity of research on psychological distress among African Americans. We use data from the 2001–2003 National Survey of American Life to explore a wide array of social and economic predictors of psychological distress among African American adults ages 18 and older, including previous incarceration, history of welfare receipt, and having a family member who is either currently incarcerated or homeless. Younger age, lower income, lower educational attainment, and lower self-rated health and childhood health are associated with higher levels of psychological distress among African Americans. We also find a strong association between higher levels of material hardship, previous incarceration history, and the presence of a family member who is either incarcerated or homeless and higher levels of psychological distress. The findings highlight the importance of considering unique types of social disadvantage experienced by African Americans living in a highly stratified society. PMID:27499562

  3. Serious Psychological Distress Among African Americans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life.

    PubMed

    Mouzon, Dawne M; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Nguyen, Ann W; Chatters, Linda M

    2016-08-01

    Despite their low social standing, there remains a paucity of research on psychological distress among African Americans. We use data from the 2001-2003 National Survey of American Life to explore a wide array of social and economic predictors of psychological distress among African American adults ages 18 and older, including previous incarceration, history of welfare receipt, and having a family member who is either currently incarcerated or homeless. Younger age, lower income, lower educational attainment, and lower self-rated health and childhood health are associated with higher levels of psychological distress among African Americans. We also find a strong association between higher levels of material hardship, previous incarceration history, and the presence of a family member who is either incarcerated or homeless and higher levels of psychological distress. The findings highlight the importance of considering unique types of social disadvantage experienced by African Americans living in a highly stratified society.

  4. Relationship between the OASIS-2 Aptitude Survey and Grades in College English and Psychology Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Edward M.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Administered OASIS-2 Aptitude Survey to 36 rising high school seniors who were taking college classes in English and psychology as part of summer program designed to encourage interest in college. Found statistically significant relationships between grades in both classes and general and verbal aptitude measures on OASIS-2. (Author/NB)

  5. Psychological Dimensions Associated with Suicidal Ideation and Attempts in the National Comorbidity Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Brian J.; Enns, Murray W.; Clara, Ian P.

    2004-01-01

    Three important psychological dimensions in the suicide literature (neuroticism, self-criticism, and hopelessness) were examined in relation to suicidal ideation and attempts in the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey (Kessler et al., 1994; n = 5,877), after first controlling for the effects of previously identified sociodemographic and psychiatric…

  6. The Roles, Functions and Implications of Assistants in Scottish Educational Psychology Services, a National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collyer, Sam

    2012-01-01

    An exploratory survey of Assistants in Scottish educational psychology services (EPSs) was undertaken, guided by four questions: Who are Assistants? Why are they employed/not employed? What do Assistants do? How are Assistants supported and supervised? Twenty-one Assistants and 15 managers were interviewed. It was found that Assistants worked…

  7. The Roles, Functions and Implications of Assistants in Scottish Educational Psychology Services, a National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collyer, Sam

    2012-01-01

    An exploratory survey of Assistants in Scottish educational psychology services (EPSs) was undertaken, guided by four questions: Who are Assistants? Why are they employed/not employed? What do Assistants do? How are Assistants supported and supervised? Twenty-one Assistants and 15 managers were interviewed. It was found that Assistants worked…

  8. Psychological Dimensions Associated with Suicidal Ideation and Attempts in the National Comorbidity Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Brian J.; Enns, Murray W.; Clara, Ian P.

    2004-01-01

    Three important psychological dimensions in the suicide literature (neuroticism, self-criticism, and hopelessness) were examined in relation to suicidal ideation and attempts in the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey (Kessler et al., 1994; n = 5,877), after first controlling for the effects of previously identified sociodemographic and psychiatric…

  9. A Survey of Canadian Early Childhood Educators' Psychological Wellbeing at Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Royer, Nicole; Moreau, Claire

    2016-01-01

    The study aims to describe early childhood educators' psychological wellbeing at work in terms of their interpersonal fit, thriving, feeling of competency, perceived recognition and desire for involvement. The study approach draws links between perceptions of autonomy at work and wellbeing. The analysis examines the results of a survey conducted…

  10. The International School Psychology Survey. Data from Australia, China, Germany, Italy and Russia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimerson, Shane R.; Graydon, Kelly; Yuen, Mantak; Lam, Shui-Fong; Thurm, Jorg-Michael; Klueva, Nadejda; Coyne, Julia H.; Loprete, Louis; Phillips, Jim

    2006-01-01

    Using the International School Psychology Survey (ISPS) this study aims to advance our knowledge of the characteristics, training, roles and responsibilities, challenges and research interests of school psychologists around the world. Data are presented from five countries; Australia, China (Hong Kong), Germany, Italy and Russia. The ISPS…

  11. The International School Psychology Survey: Data from Georgia, Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimerson, Shane R.; Graydon, Kelly; Skokut, Mary; Alghorani, Mohammad Adnan; Kanjaradze, Anna; Forster, Jurg

    2008-01-01

    Using the International School Psychology Survey (ISPS), this study aims to advance our knowledge of the characteristics, training, roles and responsibilities, challenges and research interests of school psychologists around the world by comparing recent international data. The current study contributes valuable information regarding the…

  12. Cross-Gender Mentorship in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Programs: An Exploratory Survey Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harden, Sherry L.; Clark, Richard A.; Johnson, W. Brad; Larson, Joshua

    2009-01-01

    The mentorship experiences of recent clinical psychology doctorates reporting a primary mentor in graduate school were assessed by means of a survey. Among 518 responding psychologists, male graduates were significantly more likely to have a same-gender mentor, and female graduates were more likely to report receiving support from mentors of both…

  13. Statistics in the Workplace: A Survey of Use by Recent Graduates with Higher Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harraway, John A.; Barker, Richard J.

    2005-01-01

    A postal survey was conducted regarding statistical techniques, research methods and software used in the workplace by 913 graduates with PhD and Masters degrees in the biological sciences, psychology, business, economics, and statistics. The study identified gaps between topics and techniques learned at university and those used in the workplace,…

  14. Statistics in the Workplace: A Survey of Use by Recent Graduates with Higher Degrees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harraway, John A.; Barker, Richard J.

    2005-01-01

    A postal survey was conducted regarding statistical techniques, research methods and software used in the workplace by 913 graduates with PhD and Masters degrees in the biological sciences, psychology, business, economics, and statistics. The study identified gaps between topics and techniques learned at university and those used in the workplace,…

  15. Military Psychology.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY , COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS....MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS

  16. Society of Pediatric Psychology Workforce Survey: Factors Related to Compensation of Pediatric Psychologists.

    PubMed

    Brosig, Cheryl L; Hilliard, Marisa E; Williams, Andre; Armstrong, F Daniel; Christidis, Peggy; Kichler, Jessica; Pendley, Jennifer Shroff; Stamm, Karen E; Wysocki, Tim

    2017-05-01

    To summarize compensation results from the 2015 Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) Workforce Survey and identify factors related to compensation of pediatric psychologists. All full members of SPP ( n  = 1,314) received the online Workforce Survey; 404 (32%) were returned with usable data. The survey assessed salary, benefits, and other income sources. The relationship between demographic and employment-related factors and overall compensation was explored.   Academic rank, level of administrative responsibility, and cost of living index of employment location were associated with compensation. Compensation did not vary by gender; however, women were disproportionately represented at the assistant and associate professor level. Compensation of pediatric psychologists is related to multiple factors. Longitudinal administration of the Workforce Survey is needed to determine changes in compensation and career advancement for this profession over time. Strategies to increase the response rate of future Workforce Surveys are discussed.

  17. Will Genetic Testing for Complex Diseases Increase Motivation to Quit Smoking? Anticipated Reactions in a Survey of Smokers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanderson, Saskia C.; Wardle, Jane

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to improve understanding of smokers' potential reactions to genetic testing for smoking-related diseases. One thousand twenty-four respondents completed a postal survey; 186 were smokers. Questions addressed anticipated psychological and behavioral reactions to genetic test results using hypothetical scenarios. Of…

  18. Will Genetic Testing for Complex Diseases Increase Motivation to Quit Smoking? Anticipated Reactions in a Survey of Smokers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanderson, Saskia C.; Wardle, Jane

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to improve understanding of smokers' potential reactions to genetic testing for smoking-related diseases. One thousand twenty-four respondents completed a postal survey; 186 were smokers. Questions addressed anticipated psychological and behavioral reactions to genetic test results using hypothetical scenarios. Of…

  19. 39 CFR 761.6 - Delivery of Postal Service securities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Delivery of Postal Service securities. 761.6... POSTAL MONEY ORDERS BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURES § 761.6 Delivery of Postal Service securities. A Reserve Bank... obligations under this part by the delivery of Postal Service securities in definitive form to its...

  20. 39 CFR 3055.91 - Consumer access to postal services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Consumer access to postal services. 3055.91 Section 3055.91 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Reporting of Customer Satisfaction § 3055.91 Consumer access to postal services. (a)...

  1. 39 CFR 3055.91 - Consumer access to postal services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Consumer access to postal services. 3055.91 Section 3055.91 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Reporting of Customer Satisfaction § 3055.91 Consumer access to postal services. (a)...

  2. 39 CFR 3055.91 - Consumer access to postal services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Consumer access to postal services. 3055.91 Section 3055.91 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Reporting of Customer Satisfaction § 3055.91 Consumer access to postal services. (a)...

  3. 39 CFR 3055.91 - Consumer access to postal services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Consumer access to postal services. 3055.91 Section 3055.91 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL SERVICE PERFORMANCE AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION REPORTING Reporting of Customer Satisfaction § 3055.91 Consumer access to postal services. (a)...

  4. 76 FR 55619 - Performance Measurement for Special Postal Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-08

    .... Calamoneri, Managing Counsel, Corporate & Postal Business Law, United States Postal Service to Shoshana M..., Managing Counsel, Corporate & Postal Business Law, United States Postal Service. III. Background of Postal... Enhancement Act (PAEA), Public Law 109-435, 120 Stat. 3198 (2006). The proposed rules described herein...

  5. 39 CFR 601.104 - Postal purchasing authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ....104 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FOR THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE... authority. Only the Postmaster General/CEO; the Postal Service's vice president, Supply Management... matters. The Postal Service's vice president, Supply Management, or his or her designee, may also...

  6. 39 CFR 601.104 - Postal purchasing authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ....104 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FOR THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE... authority. Only the Postmaster General/CEO; the Postal Service's vice president, Supply Management... matters. The Postal Service's vice president, Supply Management, or his or her designee, may also...

  7. 39 CFR 222.1 - Authority to administer postal affairs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Authority to administer postal affairs. 222.1 Section 222.1 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION DELEGATIONS OF AUTHORITY § 222.1 Authority to administer postal affairs. (a) The Postmaster General. The postmaster...

  8. 39 CFR 222.1 - Authority to administer postal affairs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Authority to administer postal affairs. 222.1 Section 222.1 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION DELEGATIONS OF AUTHORITY § 222.1 Authority to administer postal affairs. (a) The Postmaster General. The postmaster...

  9. Future directions in clinical child and adolescent psychology: a Delphi survey.

    PubMed

    James, Rochelle L; Roberts, Michael C

    2009-10-01

    This study sought to identify the future directions in three domains: clinical practice, research, and training of clinical child and adolescent psychologists in the upcoming decade. Doctoral-level active members in the field were surveyed via a two-round Delphi survey (45 in round 1; 35 in round 2). Evidence-based practice received the greatest consensus by the participants and highest rank in each of the three domains. Other highly ranked clinical practice directions included prevention and early diagnosis and treatment, and clinical services for specific psychological problems. Research directions focused on biological and social factors interactions in the etiology and treatment and specific child and adolescent disorders. In the training domain, major directions included the pursuit of specialty training in child and adolescent psychology and training emphasizing the biological basis of behavior. Implications of these future directions are discussed.

  10. Psychological distress and its correlates among dental students: a survey of 17 Colombian dental schools

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Links between the demanding nature of studies in the health sciences, students’ personality traits and psychological distress have been well-established. While considerable amount of work has been done in medicine, evidence from the dental education arena is sparse and data from Latin America are lacking. The authors conducted a large-scale investigation of psychological distress among dental students in Colombia and sought to determine its curriculum and student-level correlates. Methods The Spanish version of the Derogatis’ Symptoms Checklist Revised (SCL-90-R) was administered to all students officially registered and attending classes or clinics in 17 dental schools in 4 geographic districts of Colombia between January and April 2012. Additional information was collected on participants’ socio-demographic information and first career choice, as well as school’s characteristics such as class size. The Global Severity Index (GSI) score, a measure of overall psychological distress, served as the primary analytical endpoint. Analyses relied on multilevel mixed-effects linear and log-binomial regression, accounting for study design and sample characteristics. Results A total of 5700 dental students completed the survey, a response rate of 67%. Pronounced gradients were noted in the association between socio-economic status and psychological distress, with students in higher strata reporting fewer problems. After adjustment for all important covariates, there was an evident pattern of increasing psychological distress corresponding to the transition from the didactic, to the preclinical and clinical phases of training, with few differences between male and female students. Independent of other factors, reliance on own funds for education and having dentistry as the first career choice were associated with lower psychological distress. Conclusions Levels of psychological distress correlated with students’ socio-economic and study

  11. A survey of sports medicine physicians regarding psychological issues in patient-athletes.

    PubMed

    Mann, Barton J; Grana, William A; Indelicato, Peter A; O'Neill, Daniel F; George, Steven Z

    2007-12-01

    To determine the extent to which sports medicine physicians encounter and discuss psychological issues among athletes they treat and to evaluate physicians' perceptions of the availability and efficacy of sport psychologists and other mental health resources. Cross-sectional study. A survey was sent via e-mail to all physician members of 4 prominent sports medicine professional associations: the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, American College of Sports Medicine, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, and American Osteopathic Academy of Sports Medicine. The extent to which respondents discuss psychological issues with athletes varied by subspecialty and by specific issues assessed. Fears about reinjury, fears related to surgery, and lack of patience with recovery/rehabilitation were the 3 most common injury-related topics discussed with patient-athletes. The 3 most common non-injury-related topics discussed were stress/pressure, anxiety, and burnout. Family practitioners were more likely to discuss injury-related psychological issues than were orthopaedic surgeons. Orthopaedic surgeons reported the lowest frequencies of discussing non-injury-related psychological issues. Only 19% of all respondents indicated there were adequate numbers of sport psychologists and other mental health professionals in their geographical area to treat the needs of athletes. Three quarters of respondents reported they rarely or never referred athletes to sport psychologists for injury-related issues, and two thirds indicated they rarely or never referred athletes to sport psychologists for non-injury-related problems. Respondents rated sport psychologists and athletic trainers/physical therapists to be moderately effective in working with athletes regarding psychological problems. Sports medicine physicians frequently encounter psychological issues with patient-athletes. There is a need for tools to facilitate assessment of these problems as well as greater

  12. Screening for vulnerability to psychological disorders in the military: an historical survey.

    PubMed

    Jones, E; Hyams, K C; Wessely, S

    2003-01-01

    To evaluate attempts in the military to screen for vulnerability to psychological disorders from World War I to the present. An extensive literature review was conducted by hand-searching leading medical and psychological journals relating to World Wars I and II. Recent publications were surveyed electronically and UK archives investigated for British applications. Despite the optimism shown in World War I and the concerted efforts of World War II, follow-up studies showed that screening programmes did not succeed in reducing the incidence of psychological casualties. Furthermore, they had a counter-productive effect on manpower, often rejecting men who would have made good soldiers. Continued experimentation with screening methods for psychiatric vulnerability failed to yield convincing results during the post-war period. Although well-measured variables, such as intelligence, have been shown to predict success in training and aptitude, no instrument has yet been identified which can accurately assess psychological vulnerability. Previous attempts have failed because of false-positives, false-negatives and reluctance in the target population because of stigma. Early findings suggest that psychological surveillance, if not screening, may yield valuable results when applied to military populations exposed to stress.

  13. Physical Violence and Psychological Aggression towards Children: Five-Year Trends in Practices and Attitudes from Two Population Surveys

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clement, Marie-Eve; Chamberland, Claire

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To present prevalence rates of child psychological aggression and physical violence from a population survey conducted in 2004 and to compare the rates with the rates obtained in the 1999 edition of the survey. Methods: The survey used a randomly generated telephone number methodology. Interviews were conducted using a computer-assisted…

  14. 78 FR 65016 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... related to the proposed new product. Id. Attachment B. The instant contract has been assigned Docket No...: Attachment A--a redacted copy of Governors' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a...

  15. 78 FR 76332 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-17

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product. Id. Attachment B. The instant... the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; Attachment C--proposed changes to the...

  16. 75 FR 79054 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Service seeks to add a new product Global Plus 2B Contracts, to the competitive product list and to that... new `baseline' agreements for consideration of future functional analyses of the Global Plus 2B...

  17. 77 FR 305 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... well as a new GEPS-NPR 3 model contract and accompanying financial model that differ from the GEPS-NPR... to the proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id. Attachment B. The...

  18. 78 FR 36795 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice SUMMARY: The Commission is... contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39... Governors' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract...

  19. 78 FR 59733 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-27

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...) has filed a request to add a new product, Private Address Forwarding (PAF) service, to the market... identification, request that mail addressed to a PAF ID that they control be forwarded to a new destination...

  20. 78 FR 963 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-07

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Mail International (PMI), and Global Express Guaranteed (GXG), as well as the creation of a new GEPS... proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id. Attachment 4. The instant contract...

  1. 78 FR 76334 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-17

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product. Id. Attachment B. The instant... the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; Attachment C--proposed changes to the...

  2. 77 FR 70491 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... redacted contract related to the proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id...' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; Attachment C...

  3. 77 FR 47885 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-10

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... redacted contract related to the proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id...' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; ] Attachment...

  4. 78 FR 63520 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-24

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Contracts 3 product to the competitive product list and the inclusion of a related agreement within the new... 1-2. The instant dockets address a new GREP Contracts ] 3 product and a new baseline agreement. Id...

  5. 75 FR 79053 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Service seeks to add Global Plus 1B as a new product, to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Request has... instant contracts be considered ``the new `baseline' contracts for future functional equivalency analyses...

  6. 78 FR 59734 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-27

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product. Id. Attachment B. The instant... the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; Attachment C--proposed changes to the...

  7. 77 FR 70488 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... redacted contract related to the proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id...' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; Attachment C...

  8. 77 FR 70490 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... redacted contract related to the proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id...' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; Attachment C...

  9. 77 FR 70489 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-26

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... redacted contract related to the proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id...' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; Attachment C...

  10. 78 FR 79022 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... proposed new product under 39 U.S.C. 3632(b)(3) and 39 CFR 3015.5. Id. Attachment B. The instant contract... attachments as follows: Attachment A--a redacted copy of Governors' Decision No. 11-6, authorizing the new...

  11. 78 FR 65015 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ... New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product. Id. Attachment B. The instant... the new product; Attachment B--a redacted copy of the contract; Attachment C--proposed changes to the...

  12. 75 FR 30869 - New Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-02

    ..., Order Granting Clarification and Adding Global Expedited Package Services 2 to the Competitive Product... [Docket Nos. CP2010-54, CP2010-55, CP2010-56, CP2010-57 and CP2010-58; Order No. 466] New Postal Products...-filed Postal Service Request to add five additional Global Expedited Package Services Contracts 2...

  13. 77 FR 1957 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ... noticing a recently filed Postal Service request to add Global Plus 2C Contracts to the competitive product..., consisting of two Global Plus 2C agreements, to the competitive products list.\\1\\ The new product covers...\\ Request of the United States Postal Service to Add Global Plus 2C to the Competitive Products List and...

  14. 77 FR 61307 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-09

    ... ACR. Id. Proposal Nine: Modify First-Class Mail, Standard Mail, and Periodicals Flats Cost Models. The Postal Service proposes to make eight modifications to the Periodicals Flats model. The Postal Service... modifications are straightforward. Others, however, involve significant changes, particularly for Periodicals...

  15. 75 FR 40853 - Postal Rate Changes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ... stating that the concept it has followed involves the identification of available price caps by class, the... 10. According to the Postal Service, this methodology could be viewed as an exercise in borrowing... proposed methodology, the Postal Service states that the percentage changes by class implicit in its...

  16. 75 FR 7634 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-22

    ... in the customer identity. Id. The Postal Service represents that prices and classifications ``not of... been assigned Docket Nos. CP2010-21 and CP2010-22. The Postal Service uses IBRS contracts for customers that sell lightweight articles to foreign consumers and desire to offer their customers a way to...

  17. 78 FR 79023 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... supporting information to add Priority Mail Contract 73 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal... Product List and Notice of Filing (Under Seal) of Unredacted Governors' Decision, Contract, and Supporting.... CP2014-15. Request. To support its Request, the Postal Service filed six attachments as follows...

  18. 75 FR 7951 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ...: The Commission is adding Express Mail Contract 8 to the Competitive Product List. This action is consistent with a postal reform law. Republication of the Product Lists is also consistent with a statutory... Postal Service seeks to add a new product identified as Express Mail Contract 8 to the Competitive...

  19. 76 FR 53981 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-30

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to enter into an additional agreement under the ``Inbound... Inbound Competitive Multi-Service Agreements with Foreign Postal Operators 1 agreement.\\1\\ The Notice concerns the inbound portion of a Multi- Product Bilateral Agreement with China Post Group (China Post...

  20. 77 FR 36585 - Postal Rate Changes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-19

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service notice of rate and changes affecting Inbound Air Parcel Post at... rates not of general applicability for Inbound Air Parcel Post at Universal Postal Union (UPU) rates.\\1... inbound parcels eligible to receive transportation by air, as opposed to surface. Id., Attachment 1 at...

  1. 76 FR 53983 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-30

    ... Norway Post Agreement) under the ``Inbound Competitive Multi-Service Agreements with Foreign Postal..., pursuant to 39 CFR 3015.5, that it has entered into an additional Inbound Competitive Multi-Service... inbound competitive services with Posten Norge AS (Norway Post Agreement) that the Postal Service seeks...

  2. 75 FR 52786 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add Inbound Market Dominant Multi-Service Agreements... CFR 3010.40 et seq. and 3020.30 et seq. to add Inbound Market Dominant Multi-Service Agreements with... Request has been assigned Docket No. MC2010-35. \\1\\ Request of United States Postal Service to Add...

  3. 75 FR 5236 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-02

    ... inbound market dominant services. This action is consistent with a postal reform law. Republication of the... Inbound Market Dominant Services to the Market Dominant Product List. For the reasons discussed below, the... Canada Post-United States Postal Service Contractual Bilateral Agreement for Inbound Market...

  4. 76 FR 1200 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-07

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add Priority Mail Contract 34 to the competitive... 34 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ Priority Mail contracts enable the Postal Service to provide... Priority Mail Contract 34 is a competitive product ``not of general applicability'' within the meaning...

  5. 76 FR 66766 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-27

    ... noticing a recently filed Postal Service request to include a bilateral agreement with Australia Post in... Corporation (Australia Post), which it seeks to include in the Inbound Market Dominant Multi-Service Agreements with Foreign Postal Operators 1 product.\\1\\ The Australia Post Agreement establishes new rates...

  6. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-06

    ... customers that sell lightweight articles to foreign consumers and want to offer those consumers a method of...; and the original Governors' Decision No. 08-24 addressing IBRS contracts and related material. Id... versions of the material in Attachments 1 through 3. Postal Service representations. The Postal Service...

  7. 78 FR 70970 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ... noticing recent Postal Service filings requesting the addition of Priority Mail Contract 68 to the... Contract 68 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that Priority Mail Contract 68... Service to Add Priority Mail Contract 68 to Competitive Product List and Notice of Filing (Under Seal)...

  8. 75 FR 166 - Postal Product Price Changes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-04

    ... recently-filed Postal Service request to change prices for a Global Plus 2 contract. This notice provides...). \\1\\ Notice of United States Postal Service of Change in Prices in Accordance with Order No. 216... requirements of a competitive rate change set forth in 39 CFR 3015.5. Because the basis for the price change...

  9. 75 FR 166 - Postal Product Price Changes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-04

    ... recently-filed Postal Service request to change prices for a Global Plus 2 contract. This notice provides... 3). \\1\\ Notice of United States Postal Service of Change in Prices in Accordance with Order No. 216... requirements of a competitive rate change set forth in 39 CFR 3015.5. Because the basis for the price change...

  10. 77 FR 67840 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-14

    ... noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning the addition of First-Class Package Service Contract 26... First-Class Package Service Contract 26 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 26 is a competitive product ``not of general applicability...

  11. 77 FR 65588 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 21 to the... information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 21 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 21 is a competitive product ``not of general...

  12. 77 FR 76095 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 34 to the... information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 34 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 34 is a competitive product ``not of general...

  13. 77 FR 76093 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 33 to the... information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 33 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 33 is a competitive product ``not of general...

  14. 77 FR 76092 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 31 to the... information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 31 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The ] Postal Service asserts that First-Class Package Service Contract 31 is a competitive product ``not of general...

  15. 77 FR 65590 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 22 to the... information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 22 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 22 is a competitive product ``not of general...

  16. 77 FR 65588 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 24 to the... information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 24 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 24 is a competitive product ``not of general...

  17. 77 FR 66191 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-02

    ... noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning the addition of First-Class Package Service Contract 25... First-Class Package Service Contract 25 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 25 is a competitive product ``not of general applicability...

  18. 77 FR 24996 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 1 to the... associated supporting information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 1 to the Competitive Product List.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 1 is ``a competitive...

  19. 77 FR 76094 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 32 to the... information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 32 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 32 is a competitive product ``not of general...

  20. 77 FR 65589 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add First-Class Package Service Contract 23 to the... information to add First-Class Package Service Contract 23 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that First- Class Package Service Contract 23 is a competitive product ``not of general...

  1. Diabetes MILES--Australia (management and impact for long-term empowerment and success): methods and sample characteristics of a national survey of the psychological aspects of living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in Australian adults

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Successful management of diabetes requires attention to the behavioural, psychological and social aspects of this progressive condition. The Diabetes MILES (Management and Impact for Long-term Empowerment and Success) Study is an international collaborative. Diabetes MILES--Australia, the first Diabetes MILES initiative to be undertaken, was a national survey of adults living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in Australia. The aim of this study was to gather data that will provide insights into how Australians manage their diabetes, the support they receive and the impact of diabetes on their lives, as well as to use the data to validate new diabetes outcome measures. Methods/design The survey was designed to include a core set of self-report measures, as well as modules specific to diabetes type or management regimens. Other measures or items were included in only half of the surveys. Cognitive debriefing interviews with 20 participants ensured the survey content was relevant and easily understood. In July 2011, the survey was posted to 15,000 adults (aged 18-70 years) with type 1 or type 2 diabetes selected randomly from the National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS) database. An online version of the survey was advertised nationally. A total of 3,338 eligible Australians took part; most (70.4%) completed the postal survey. Respondents of both diabetes types and genders, and of all ages, were adequately represented in both the postal and online survey sub-samples. More people with type 2 diabetes than type 1 diabetes took part in Diabetes MILES--Australia (58.8% versus 41.2%). Most respondents spoke English as their main language, were married/in a de facto relationship, had at least a high school education, were occupied in paid work, had an annual household income > $AUS40,000, and lived in metropolitan areas. Discussion A potential limitation of the study is the under-representation of respondents from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds

  2. Psychological distress and the perception of radiation risks: the Fukushima health management survey

    PubMed Central

    Yabe, Hirooki; Yasumura, Seiji; Ohira, Tetsuya; Niwa, Shin-Ichi; Ohtsuru, Akira; Mashiko, Hirobumi; Maeda, Masaharu; Abe, Masafumi

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Objective To assess relationships between the perception of radiation risks and psychological distress among evacuees from the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster. Methods We analysed cross-sectional data from a survey of evacuees conducted in 2012. Psychological distress was classified as present or absent based on the K6 scale. Respondents recorded their views about the health risks of exposure to ionizing radiation, including immediate, delayed and genetic (inherited) health effects, on a four-point Likert scale. We examined associations between psychological distress and risk perception in logistic regression models. Age, gender, educational attainment, history of mental illness and the consequences of the disaster for employment and living conditions were potential confounders. Findings Out of the 180 604 people who received the questionnaire, we included 59 807 responses in our sample. There were 8717 respondents reporting psychological distress. Respondents who believed that radiation exposure was very likely to cause health effects were significantly more likely to be psychologically distressed than other respondents: odds ratio (OR) 1.64 (99.9% confidence interval, CI: 1.42–1.89) for immediate effects; OR: 1.48 (99.9% CI: 1.32–1.67) for delayed effects and OR: 2.17 (99.9% CI: 1.94–2.42) for genetic (inherited) effects. Similar results were obtained after controlling for individual characteristics and disaster-related stressors. Conclusion Among evacuees of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, concern about radiation risks was associated with psychological distress. PMID:26478623

  3. Neighborhood and postal worker characteristics associated with dog bites in postal workers of the Brazilian National Postal Service in Curitiba.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Eduardo Alexandre; Manosso, Rose Maria; Braune, Gisela; Marcenovicz, Priscila Cavalheiro; Kuritza, Leandro Nagae; Ventura, Henrique Larsen Brunow; Paploski, Igor Adolfo Dexheimer; Kikuti, Mariana; Biondo, Alexander Welker

    2013-05-01

    Dog bites are the third most common cause of absenteeism among postal workers of the Brazilian National Postal Service in Southern Brazil, with an average off-work time of approximately two days for each biting episode. The objective of this study was to evaluate the neighborhood characteristics involving dog bites that occurred during work time in postal workers, its impact on work and consequent preventive alternatives. A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study was designed for all Curitiba postal workers. Data were descriptively analyzed and the hypothesis of correlation between median monthly income, population density and occurrence of dog bites was tested. A total of 34.9% of the postal workers answered the questionnaire and 64.6% of them had been bitten while working. The odds of bites occurring in a neighborhood increase by 1.035 times for every increase in one unit in the population density and decrease by 0.998 times for every increase of US$ 1.00 in the neighborhood median monthly income of the head of the family. The occurrence of dog bites among postal workers in Curitiba is related to income and population density and prevention strategies should address mailbox position and adequate fencing to provide protection for postal workers.

  4. 39 CFR 255.8 - Access to postal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... DISABILITIES TO POSTAL SERVICE PROGRAMS, ACTIVITIES, FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY... general public; (iv) The anticipated useful life of the modification to the Postal Service; (v) Any...

  5. 39 CFR 255.8 - Access to postal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... DISABILITIES TO POSTAL SERVICE PROGRAMS, ACTIVITIES, FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY... general public; (iv) The anticipated useful life of the modification to the Postal Service; (v) Any...

  6. 39 CFR 255.8 - Access to postal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... DISABILITIES TO POSTAL SERVICE PROGRAMS, ACTIVITIES, FACILITIES, AND ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY... general public; (iv) The anticipated useful life of the modification to the Postal Service; (v) Any...

  7. Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  8. Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  9. Job control, psychological demand, and farmworker health: evidence from the national agricultural workers survey.

    PubMed

    Grzywacz, Joseph G; Alterman, Toni; Gabbard, Susan; Shen, Rui; Nakamoto, Jorge; Carroll, Daniel J; Muntaner, Carles

    2014-01-01

    Improve understanding of the potential occupational health impact of how agricultural jobs are organized. Exposure to low job control, high psychological demands, and high job strain were hypothesized to have greater risk for poor self-rated physical health and elevated depressive symptoms. Cross-sectional data (N = 3691) obtained using the Work Organization and Psychosocial Factors module of the US National Agricultural Workers Survey fielded in 2009-2010. More than one fifth (22.4%) of farmworkers reported fair/poor health, and 8.7% reported elevated depressive symptoms. High psychological demand was associated with increased risk of fair/poor health (odds ratio, 1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 2.2) and elevated depressive symptoms (odds ratio, 2.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.9 to 3.8). The organization of work in field agriculture may pose risks for poor occupational health outcomes among a vulnerable worker population.

  10. Death and dying course offerings in psychology: a survey of nine Midwestern states.

    PubMed

    Eckerd, Lizabeth M

    2009-09-01

    The certainty of facing death and bereavement and the complex personal and societal issues involved argue for the importance of death education. The current study addresses a gap in knowledge by beginning to assess the extent of dying, death, and bereavement (DD&B) course offerings by U.S. psychology departments. This article reports on data collected from an initial survey of psychology departments in nine Midwestern states. Approximately 20% of respondents have offered a DD&B course in the last 5 years. Reasons for lack of DD&B courses include faculty and curriculum issues, as well as DD&B topics being covered elsewhere. These issues are discussed, and data are compared with DD&B course coverage in health-related fields.

  11. [(Neuro)psychological Rehabilitation after Stroke: a National Survey of Structures and Practice in Inpatient and Outpatient Neurological Rehabilitation].

    PubMed

    Kampling, H; Reese, C; Mittag, O

    2015-10-01

    Structures and practice of psychological units in neurological rehabilitation centres treating post-stroke patients are described. A nationwide survey of psychological services in neurological rehabilitation centres was conducted. Psychologist-patient ratios differed greatly among rehabilitation centres. Post-stroke patients showed a variety of complex problems. Psychological interventions mainly comprised diagnostic evaluation as well as individual interventions and cognitive training. The complex and manifold problems of patients in neurological rehabilitation require a comprehensive knowledge of (neuro)psychological functioning. In order to support appropriate and individual treatment decisions, practice guidelines for psychological interventions in the rehabilitation of post-stroke patients are necessary. The present survey constitutes the basis for developing such practice guidelines. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  12. Psychological distress, burnout and personality traits in Dutch anaesthesiologists: A survey.

    PubMed

    van der Wal, Raymond A B; Bucx, Martin J L; Hendriks, Jan C M; Scheffer, Gert-Jan; Prins, Judith B

    2016-03-01

    The practice of anaesthesia comes with stress. If the demands of a stressful job exceed the resources of an individual, that person may develop burnout. Burnout poses a threat to the mental and physical health of the anaesthesiologist and therefore also to patient safety. Individual differences in stress appraisal (perceived demands) are an important factor in the risk of developing burnout. To explore this possible relationship, we assessed the prevalence of psychological distress and burnout in the Dutch anaesthesiologist population and investigated the influence of personality traits. Survey study. Data were collected in the Netherlands from July 2012 until December 2012. We sent electronic surveys to all 1955 practising resident and consultant members of the Dutch Anaesthesia Society. Of these, 655 (33.5%) were returned and could be used for analysis. Psychological distress, burnout and general personality traits were assessed using validated Dutch versions of the General Health Questionnaire (cut-off point ≥2), the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Big Five Inventory. Sociodemographic variables and personality traits were entered into regression models as predictors for burnout and psychological distress. Respectively, psychological distress and burnout were prevalent in 39.4 and 18% of all respondents. The prevalence of burnout was significantly different in resident and consultant anaesthesiologists: 11.3% vs. 19.8% (χ 5.4; P < 0.02). The most important personality trait influencing psychological distress and burnout was neuroticism: adjusted odds ratio 6.22 (95% confidence interval 4.35 to 8.90) and 6.40 (95% confidence interval 3.98 to 10.3), respectively. The results of this study show that psychological distress and burnout have a high prevalence in residents and consultant anaesthesiologists and that both are strongly related to personality traits, especially the trait of neuroticism. This suggests that strategies to address the problem of

  13. 75 FR 3383 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ...The Commission is adding Express Mail Contract 7 to the Competitive Product List. This action is consistent with a postal reform law. Republication of the lists of market dominant and competitive products is also consistent with statutory requirements.

  14. Fair and Equitable Postal Service Access Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Moore, Gwen [D-WI-4

    2011-09-15

    House - 10/03/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  15. 78 FR 26405 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-06

    ... costs and assumptions, pricing formulas, information relevant to the customer's mailing profile, and cost coverage projections. Id. The Postal Service asks the Commission to protect customer-identifying... portions of the Governors' Decision, contract, customer-identifying information, and related...

  16. 78 FR 43246 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ..., underlying costs and assumptions, pricing formulas, information relevant to the customer's mailing profile, and cost coverage projections. Id. The Postal Service asks the Commission to protect customer... redacted portions of the Governors' Decision, contract, customer-identifying information, and...

  17. Fair and Equitable Postal Service Access Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Moore, Gwen [D-WI-4

    2011-09-15

    10/03/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  18. Fair and Equitable Postal Service Access Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Moore, Gwen [D-WI-4

    2011-09-15

    10/03/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  19. 77 FR 4376 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-27

    ...The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add Priority Mail Contract 38 to the competitive product list. This notice addresses procedural steps associated with the filing.

  20. 76 FR 54510 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-01

    ... ``International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3'' product offering. This document invites... into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal... International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, August 19,...

  1. 77 FR 63898 - New Postal Product; Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-17

    ... New Postal Product; Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that Express Mail & Priority Mail Contract 11 is a... Postal Service contemporaneously filed a redacted contract related to the proposed new product under 39...

  2. 77 FR 63899 - New Postal Product; Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-17

    ... New Postal Product; Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is establishing a docket to consider the Postal Service's request to add Priority... list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that Priority Mail Contract 44 is a competitive product ``not...

  3. 75 FR 17789 - Nationwide Change in Frequency of Postal Delivery

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Nationwide Change in Frequency of Postal Delivery AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Postal Service has requested an advisory opinion from the Commission on a proposed nationwide...

  4. Survey of pediatric hospitals' preparation programs: evidence of the impact of health psychology research.

    PubMed

    O'Byrne, K K; Peterson, L; Saldana, L

    1997-03-01

    A survey of all 123 nonchronic-care pediatric hospitals in the United States revealed that 75% of hospitals responding had greatly increased the use of effective medical procedure preparation technologies, such as filmed modeling and coping skills instruction, in comparison to the last survey. Respondent characteristics such as position (e.g., nurse, child life worker, physician), degree (e.g., RN, MA, PhD), and length of time in the position failed to predict the type of techniques selected, but higher respondent knowledge and more psychological sources of preparation information did predict the use of preparation techniques used for drawing blood that experts rated as more effective. Challenges for more effective dissemination of research in the future are considered, as is the need for increased study of research-implementation links.

  5. [Case report of an attitude survey contributing to the improvement of psychological problems in an organization].

    PubMed

    Takahara, Ryuji

    2010-01-01

    When using attitude surveys to improve the psychological problems in an organization, its main objective is to provide material for organizational decision-making by exploring the necessity of countermeasures; and if countermeasures are necessary, the objective is to illustrate the factors behind the issues quantitatively. In this case study, we attempted to clarify the necessity of the organization to address the psychological problems its members carried; In order to find effective countermeasures, an attitude survey was performed. The questionnaire consisted of general survey items and items uniquely prepared for the organization. Based on the results of the questionnaire, countermeasures were proposed. After the proposed countermeasures were implemented, a follow-up investigation was conducted to evaluate the effect. Acting upon a request from a labor union, we conducted interviews at a regional plant of a major manufacturing company where many employees carry out strenuous tasks and sick leave due to mental illness is a frequent occurrence. Then, a questionnaire-based survey that reflected the results of the interviews was performed. Analyses of variance of the general survey items showed that the mental health and morale of the union members were significantly poor. Also, a comparison of structure of consciousness using a multi-group structural equation analysis and a comparison with the survey items uniquely prepared for the organization indicated that a dehumanizing workload and a negative environment created by the high turnover rate and confusion in the chain of command had alienated the employees. These results were reported to the management by the union and they jointly implemented some countermeasures. A year later, a second survey that included items that reflected the countermeasures taken by the organization was conducted. Analyses of variance showed a significant improvement in the results, and multi-regression analysis using the aggregated data

  6. GPs' mental wellbeing and psychological resources: a cross-sectional survey.

    PubMed

    Murray, Marylou Anna; Cardwell, Chris; Donnelly, Michael

    2017-08-01

    The negative impact of work has been the traditional focus of GP surveys. We know little about GP positive mental health and psychological resources. To profile and contextualise GP positive mental health and personal psychological resources. Cross-sectional survey of GPs working in Northern Ireland (NI). A questionnaire comprising the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) and measures of resilience, optimism, self-efficacy, and hope, and sociodemographic information was posted to 400 GPs randomly selected from a publicly available GP register. The response rate was 55% (n = 221 out of 400). Mean value for GP wellbeing (WEMWBS) was 50.2 (standard deviation [SD] 8) compared to UK vets 48.8 (SD 9), UK teachers 47.2 (SD 9), and the population of NI 50.8 (SD 9). After adjustment for confounding, mean WEMWBS was 2.4 units (95% CI = 0.02 to 4.7) higher in female GPs than males (P = 0.05), and 4.0 units (95% CI = 0.8 to 7.3) higher in GPs ≥55 years than GPs ≤44 years (P = 0.02). Optimism was 1.1 units higher in female GPs than male GPs (95% CI = 0.1 to 2.0), and 1.56 units higher in GPs ≥55 years (95% CI = 0.2 to 2.9) than in those ≤44 years. Hope was 3 units higher in GPs ≥55 years (95% CI = 0.4 to 5.7) than in those aged 45-54 years. Correlation between WEMWBS and psychological resources was highest with hope (r = 0.65, P < 0.001). GPs have levels of positive mental health that are comparable to the local population and better than other occupational groups, such as vets and teachers. Male and younger GPs may have most to gain from wellbeing interventions. © British Journal of General Practice 2017.

  7. Experiences of Psychological Distress and Sources of Stress and Support During Medical Training: a Survey of Medical Students.

    PubMed

    Matheson, Katherine M; Barrett, Tessa; Landine, Jeff; McLuckie, Alan; Soh, Nerissa Li-Weh; Walter, Garry

    2016-02-01

    The authors examine the prevalence of psychological distress, the stressors experienced, and the supports used by medical students and residents during their medical training at a Canadian university. This study used an online survey that included a standardized instrument to evaluate psychological distress (Kessler-10) and Likert-based survey items that examined stress levels related to family relationships, living accommodations, commuting, finances, and program requirements. Depressive symptoms, substance use, and suicidal ideation were also measured, as were supports accessed (e.g., counseling) and students' perceptions of the overall supportiveness of the university. Non-parametric descriptive statistics were used to examine the prevalence of psychological distress, sources of stress, and supports accessed. Surveys were received from 381 students (37% response). Most students (60%) reported normal levels of psychological distress on the K10 (M = 19.5, SD = 6.25), and a subgroup reported high to very high levels of psychological distress. A small number also reported substance use, symptoms of depression, and/or suicidal ideation. These results indicate that students experience psychological distress from a number of stressors and suggest that medical schools should act as key partners in supporting student well-being by promoting self-care, educating students on the risks of burnout, and developing programs to support at-risk students.

  8. A European hospital survey to determine the extent of psychological services offered to patients with severe burns.

    PubMed

    Van Loey, N E; Faber, A W; Taal, L A

    2001-02-01

    Analogous to a hospital survey in North America (the US and Canada) a survey in Europe was performed to determine the extent of psychological services offered in burn units. The questionnaire used to acquire this information was exactly the same in both continents. One hundred and seventy questionnaires and self-addressed stamped envelopes were sent to the medical manager of the European burn units with the request to pass the questionnaire to the person who provides psychological care to patients in the burn units. The questionnaire was translated into four other languages. Response was 103 (62.8%). The questions posed inquired after what percentage of patients received psychological testing, psychological therapy, displayed symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress, what percentage is given referral and if emotional follow-up is arranged. Also questions about whether staff members of the burn unit displayed symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress were enclosed. Results indicated that few burn units in Europe provide formal psychological testing for their patients and in half of the European hospitals, less than 20% of the patients receive psychological therapy or counselling during their stay in the hospital. Aftercare services are also capable of improvement. Compared with North America, Europe provided less psychological services. No statistical differences were found between countries within Europe.

  9. Study of return rate and return time of undeliverable postal letters.

    PubMed

    Schmidt-Pokrzywniak, Andrea; Stang, Andreas

    2010-07-01

    Postal questionnaires are widely used to collect data in health research and epidemiologic studies. One problem related to mail surveys is the availability of an up-to-date and accurate list of people in the population from which to draw the sample for the survey. For the identification of incorrect postal addresses it is important that all incorrectly addressed mails are returned as undeliverable. This study examines the proportion of unreturned postal letters that were sent to incorrect addresses. We sent 339 letters to existing addresses throughout Germany, but used fictional names name of persons. Three hundred and three letters (98.2%) were returned as undeliverable. The return rates only slightly differed by layout of the envelopes, region and deliverer.

  10. 39 CFR 762.44 - Receipt or recovery of original disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Receipt or recovery of original disbursement postal money order. 762.44 Section 762.44 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes...

  11. 39 CFR 762.44 - Receipt or recovery of original disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... postal money order. 762.44 Section 762.44 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes for Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated, and Defaced Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.44 Receipt or...

  12. Survey of bariatric surgical patients' experiences with behavioral and psychological services.

    PubMed

    Peacock, Jessica C; Zizzi, Sam J

    2012-01-01

    Bariatric surgery continues to grow in popularity as a treatment of obesity; however, weight regain and noncompliance with behavioral recommendations remain an issue. Little is known about the type and frequency of services completed by bariatric patients and their satisfaction with these services. However, preliminary research has shown that the use of behavioral and psychological services is less common after surgery. We assessed the behavioral and psychological services completed by bariatric patients before and after surgery, patient satisfaction with the surgery and services, and the relationship between the completed services and the outcomes. The participants were solicited for participation using an on-line support Web site dedicated to obesity and bariatrics. A convenience sample of 380 subjects were included in the present study. They completed an Internet-based survey that assessed the psychological, dietary, exercise, and lifestyle services completed before and after surgery, their satisfaction with these services, and their weight loss outcomes. Overall, the participants reported completing more services before surgery. After surgery, the most frequently reported services completed were support groups and dietary consultation. More than one half of the participants did not meet with either a mental health professional or an exercise professional after surgery. The participants expressed high satisfaction with their surgery and services, with exercise services receiving the lowest satisfaction rating. A statistically significant relationship was found between the total number of postoperative psychological and behavioral services completed and a greater percentage of excess weight lost. The t tests showed that participants who completed group exercise sessions and nutritional consultation after surgery lost more weight than did those who did not complete these services. The participants in the present sample reported completing few behavioral and

  13. Evaluating a primary care psychology service in Ireland: a survey of stakeholders and psychologists.

    PubMed

    Corcoran, Mark; Byrne, Michael

    2017-05-01

    Primary care psychology services (PCPS) represent an important resource in meeting the various health needs of our communities. This study evaluated the PCPS in a two-county area within the Republic of Ireland. The objectives were to (i) examine the viewpoints of the service for both psychologists and stakeholders (healthcare professionals only) and (ii) examine the enactment of the stepped care model of service provision. Separate surveys were sent to primary care psychologists (n = 8), general practitioners (GPs; n = 69) and other stakeholders in the two counties. GPs and stakeholders were required to rate the current PCPS. The GP survey specifically examined referrals to the PCPS and service configuration, while the stakeholder survey also requested suggestions for future service provision. Psychologists were required to provide information regarding their workload, time spent on certain tasks and productivity ideas. Referral numbers, waiting lists and waiting times were also obtained. All 8 psychologists, 23 GPs (33% response rate) and 37 stakeholders (unknown response rate) responded. GPs and stakeholders reported access to the PCPS as a primary concern, with waiting times of up to 80 weeks in some areas. Service provision to children and adults was uneven between counties. A stepped care model of service provision was not observed. Access can be improved by further implementation of a stepped care service, developing a high-throughput service for adults (based on a stepped care model), and employing a single waiting list for each county to ensure equal access.

  14. Social and Psychological Predictors of Initial Cigarette Smoking Experience: A Survey in Male College Students.

    PubMed

    Menati, Walieh; Nazarzadeh, Milad; Bidel, Zeinab; Würtz, Morten; Menati, Rostam; Hemati, Rohollah; Yaghoubi, Maryam; Zareimanesh, Elham; Mohammadi, Mohammad Sabour; Akhlaghi Ardekani, Farzad; Tazval, Jafar; Delpisheh, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Knowledge about social and psychological risk factors for initial cigarette smoking experience (ICSE) is sparse. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of ICSE and to examine the psychological and social factors related to ICSE. In a cross-sectional survey, 1,511 male college students were recruited using multistage sampling techniques from four universities located within the city of Ilam, Iran. Self-administered multiple-choice questionnaires were distributed to students from March to June 2013. Risk factors for ICSE were evaluated using logistic regression models. Participants were 22.3 ± 2.4 years of age. ICSE prevalence was 30.6%. In multivariable adjusted analysis, risk taking behavior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.11-2.33), perceived peer smoking prevalence (OR = 2.48; 95% CI = 1.03-5.97), positive thoughts about smoking (OR = 1.06; 95% CI = 1.02-1.10), high self-efficacy (OR = 0.95, 95% CI [0.93, 0.98]), presence in smokers' gathering (OR = 4.45; 95% CI = 2.88-6.81), comity of smokers (OR = 2.56; 95% CI = 1.66, 3.92), very hard access to cigarettes (OR = 2.20; 95% CI = 1.16-4.16), close friends' medium reaction toward smoking (OR = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.02-1.88), and sporting activity (OR = 0.74; 95% CI = 0.56-0.98) were significantly associated with ICSE. This study identified that a combination of psychological and social variables account for up to 78% of the probability of ICSE. The most important protective factor against ICSE was physical activity, whereas the most important risk factor for ICSE was frequent gathering in the presence of smokers. © The Author(s) 2014.

  15. Investigating the proxy effect and the saliency principle in household based postal questionnaires.

    PubMed Central

    Tennant, A; Badley, E M; Sullivan, M

    1991-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to investigate two possible sources of bias inherent in using a household based postal questionnaire, the "proxy effect", inaccurate reporting about characteristics of others, and the "saliency principle", reporting of only the most salient features. This is of importance in surveys concerned with screening the population to identify individuals with certain characteristics, and so possibly relying on one member of the household to reply on behalf of all others. DESIGN AND SETTING--A two stage survey of disablement in the population was undertaken. A first phase postal questionnaire was sent to 25,168 households in Calderdale, West Yorkshire, England, to ascertain the prevalence of physical disability and of troubles with the joints. The second phase comprised in depth interviews with a sample of individuals identified in the first phase as being disabled. RESPONDENTS--A total of 21,889 postal questionnaires were returned (87%) representing households containing 42,826 people aged 16 years and over. A disproportionately stratified random sample of 950 respondents reporting disability was taken in the second phase. Of these 891 were still available, and 838 (94%) were interviewed. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--The postal questionnaire found that almost 29% of those who lived "alone" (without another adult) reported some level of disability, compared to only 10% of those who lived with others. The difference remained significant after standardisation. This apparent underreporting or "proxy effect" was present for reporting about disability overall, but not for severe disability (dependence on help of others), which suggests the operation of the "saliency principle". Reporting on joint troubles appeared to be affected by the proxy effect both for any joint problems, and when more than five joints were affected. Analysis of a small set of postal questionnaires from respondents who reported joint problems only at interview and where we

  16. The Effort and Reward of Teaching Medical Psychology in Germany: an Online Survey.

    PubMed

    Kendel, Friederike; Rockenbauch, Katrin; Deubner, Rolf; Philipp, Swetlana; Fabry, Götz

    2016-01-01

    Background: The increasing significance of university teaching also leads to higher demands for academic teachers. Against this background this study inquires how teachers in the field of medical pychology experience and evaluate their various activities and how their efforts on the one hand and gratifications on the other hand relate to each other (as conceptualized by the effort-reward-imbalance, ERI). Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in 2012 among the academic staff of departments of medical psychology in Germany. The questionnaire was answered by 188 participants (return rate: 39.2%), of whom 62% were women. Work stress was measured according to Siegrist's effort-reward-imbalance (ERI) model. Further questions referred to the distribution of academic activities and meaningfulness. Results: Among all participants, 67.3% were satisfied with the portion of their workload devoted to teaching, while 63% wanted more time for research. The ERI-coefficient was on average M=0.76 (SD=0.45), thus indicating a shift towards reward. There were no associations with gender, age, or fixed-term work contracts. Meaningfulness was associated negatively with the ERI (r=-.21, p=.012), and positively with overcommitment (r=.52, p<.001) and the desire for less administrative tasks (r=.24, p=.017). Conclusions: Teaching medical psychology is evaluated as positive and meaningful by a majority of respondents. In general, the rewarding aspects seem to outweigh the stressful factors. Thus, teaching might be a protective factor with regard to coping with work related burden.

  17. Doctoral Training in Statistics, Measurement, and Methodology in Psychology: Replication and Extension of Aiken, West, Sechrest, and Reno's (1990) Survey of PhD Programs in North America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aiken, Leona S.; West, Stephen G.; Millsap, Roger E.

    2008-01-01

    In a survey of all PhD programs in psychology in the United States and Canada, the authors documented the quantitative methodology curriculum (statistics, measurement, and research design) to examine the extent to which innovations in quantitative methodology have diffused into the training of PhDs in psychology. In all, 201 psychology PhD…

  18. Doctoral Training in Statistics, Measurement, and Methodology in Psychology: Replication and Extension of Aiken, West, Sechrest, and Reno's (1990) Survey of PhD Programs in North America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aiken, Leona S.; West, Stephen G.; Millsap, Roger E.

    2008-01-01

    In a survey of all PhD programs in psychology in the United States and Canada, the authors documented the quantitative methodology curriculum (statistics, measurement, and research design) to examine the extent to which innovations in quantitative methodology have diffused into the training of PhDs in psychology. In all, 201 psychology PhD…

  19. Employability of Psychology Graduates and Their Job Satisfaction in Turkey: An Online Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sümer, Nebi; Helvaci, Elif; Misirlisoy, Mine

    2013-01-01

    The interest in studying psychology has dramatically increased in the recent decades in Turkey. However, only 60% of psychology graduates work in jobs related to psychology. Moreover, there is no data on employability and job distribution of psychology graduates or on their job satisfaction. In the current study, the authors' first aim was to…

  20. Employability of Psychology Graduates and Their Job Satisfaction in Turkey: An Online Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sümer, Nebi; Helvaci, Elif; Misirlisoy, Mine

    2013-01-01

    The interest in studying psychology has dramatically increased in the recent decades in Turkey. However, only 60% of psychology graduates work in jobs related to psychology. Moreover, there is no data on employability and job distribution of psychology graduates or on their job satisfaction. In the current study, the authors' first aim was to…

  1. 75 FR 16837 - Public Review of Draft United States Thoroughfare, Landmark, and Postal Address Data Standard

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... exchange, and data quality. The Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA), in conjunction... Address Data Standard AGENCY: Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. ACTION: Notice; request for comments on draft United States Thoroughfare, Landmark, and Postal Address Data Standard...

  2. American Academy of School Psychology Survey on the Independent Educational Evaluation for a Specific Learning Disability: Results and Discussion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schrank, Fredrick A.; Miller, Jeffrey A.; Caterino, Linda C.; Desrochers, John

    2006-01-01

    This article reviews the results of a survey of the Fellows of the American Academy of School Psychology (Academy; AASP) regarding the independent educational evaluation (IEE) for a specific learning disability (SLD). Academy Fellows were asked about important components of the IEE, desirable evaluator qualifications, and recommended criteria for…

  3. Ensemble: a web-based system for psychology survey and experiment management.

    PubMed

    Tomic, Stefan T; Janata, Petr

    2007-08-01

    We provide a description of Ensemble, a suite of Web-integrated modules for managing and analyzing data associated with psychology experiments in a small research lab. The system delivers interfaces via a Web browser for creating and presenting simple surveys without the need to author Web pages and with little or no programming effort. The surveys may be extended by selecting and presenting auditory and/or visual stimuli with MATLAB and Flash to enable a wide range of psychophysical and cognitive experiments which do not require the recording of precise reaction times. Additionally, one is provided with the ability to administer and present experiments remotely. The software technologies employed by the various modules of Ensemble are MySQL, PHP, MATLAB, and Flash. The code for Ensemble is open source and available to the public, so that its functions can be readily extended by users. We describe the architecture of the system, the functionality of each module, and provide basic examples of the interfaces.

  4. Non-specific psychological distress, smoking status and smoking cessation: United States National Health Interview Survey 2005

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background It is well established that smoking rates in people with common mental disorders such as anxiety or depressive disorders are much higher than in people without mental disorders. It is less clear whether people with these mental disorders want to quit smoking, attempt to quit smoking or successfully quit smoking at the same rate as people without such disorders. Methods We used data from the 2005 Cancer Control Supplement to the United States National Health Interview Survey to explore the relationship between psychological distress as measured using the K6 scale and smoking cessation, by comparing current smokers who had tried unsuccessfully to quit in the previous 12 months to people able to quit for at least 7 to 24 months prior to the survey. We also used data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing to examine the relationship between psychological distress (K6) scores and duration of mental illness. Results The majority of people with high K6 psychological distress scores also meet diagnostic criteria for mental disorders, and over 90% of these people had first onset of mental disorder more than 2 years prior to the survey. We found that people with high levels of non-specific psychological distress were more likely to be current smokers. They were as likely as people with low levels of psychological distress to report wanting to quit smoking, trying to quit smoking, and to have used smoking cessation aids. However, they were significantly less likely to have quit smoking. Conclusions The strong association between K6 psychological distress scores and mental disorders of long duration suggests that the K6 measure is a useful proxy for ongoing mental health problems. As people with anxiety and depressive disorders make up a large proportion of adult smokers in the US, attention to the role of these disorders in smoking behaviours may be a useful area of further investigation for tobacco control. PMID:21513510

  5. 39 CFR 211.2 - Regulations of the Postal Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... bylaws of the Board of Governors; (2) The Mailing Standards of the United States Postal Service, Domestic Mail Manual; the Postal Operations Manual; the Administrative Support Manual; the Employee and...

  6. 76 FR 67500 - Postal Service Price Adjustment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    .... The Postal Service notes, among other things, that prices for Nonautomation Presort and Mixed ADC... parcels offerings to address the different needs of fulfillment parcels and marketing parcels. Id. at 19.... at 19-20. It also involves eliminating the NFMs category and replacing it with a new...

  7. 75 FR 78915 - Conduct on Postal Property

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ... in 39 CFR 232.1. 1. Paragraph (f) Gambling: The prohibition of lottery ticket sales contains an... Conduct on postal property. * * * * * (f) Gambling. Participating in games for money or other personal property, the operation of gambling devices, the conduct of a lottery or pool, or the selling or purchasing...

  8. 76 FR 13242 - Change in Postal Prices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-10

    ... Contents I. Introduction II. Notice of Filings III. Ordering Paragraphs I. Introduction On March 1, 2011... Showcase box is a Postal Service-branded parcel box designed to contain product samples and other... Showcase boxes previously prohibited under the agreement as long as those boxes meet specific...

  9. 75 FR 43581 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-26

    ... Paragraphs I. Introduction The Postal Service seeks to add a new product, Global Plus 1A, to the competitive... the Global Plus 1 Contracts product.\\5\\ It requests that the instant contracts be considered ``the new... add Global Plus 1A Contracts to the competitive product list. Id. II. Notice of Filing The Commission...

  10. 75 FR 471 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-05

    ... Global Direct Contracts 1 to the Competitive Products List, December 23, 2009 (Notice). \\2\\ Governors... should be included in the Global Direct Contracts product on the Competitive Product List.\\4\\ The Postal... Global Direct Contracts 1 be added to the Competitive Product List, particularly as future Global Direct...

  11. 75 FR 45176 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ... filed six attachments as follows: Attachment A--a redacted copy of the Governor's Decision No. 09-6... electronically via the Commission's Filing Online system at http://www.prc.gov . Commenters who cannot submit... to 39 U.S.C. 3642 and 39 CFR 3020.30 et seq., the Postal Service filed a formal request...

  12. 75 FR 44819 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-29

    ... filed six attachments as follows: Attachment A--a redacted copy of the Governor's Decision No. 09-6... via the Commission's Filing Online system at http://www.prc.gov . Commenters who cannot submit their... to 39 U.S.C. 3642 and 39 CFR 3020.30 et seq., the Postal Service filed a formal request...

  13. 75 FR 34074 - Postal Pricing Methods

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ... volume-based discount provision of the Capital One NSA using the analysis of Capital One witness Elliot.\\6\\ Elliot's analysis applied price elasticities from the Postal Service's demand model to the... applied an elasticity-based approach similar to that of witness Elliot for estimating the effect of...

  14. 75 FR 6108 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ... reform law. Republication of the lists of market dominant and competitive products is also consistent....sharfman@prc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Regulatory History, 74 FR 65169 (December 9, 2009). Table of... Inbound Parcel Post and Xpresspost-USA from Canada. The Postal Service acknowledges an existing bilateral...

  15. 75 FR 7201 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-18

    ... changes in a postal reform law. Republication of the lists of market dominant and competitive products is...-6820 or stephen.sharfman@prc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Regulatory History, 74 FR 31374 (July 1... Surface Parcel post at Non-UPU Rates and Xpresspost-USA) International Money Transfer Service...

  16. 76 FR 47615 - Postal Rate Changes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ....\\1\\ The Postal Service incorporates by reference a listing of countries in each pricing tier and the... Docket Nos. MC2009- 10, CP2009-12 and CP2009-57. Id. at 2 and n.4. The following four documents...

  17. 78 FR 13713 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... customer's mailing profile, and cost coverage projections. Id. The Postal Service asks the Commission to protect customer-identifying information from public disclosure indefinitely. Id. at 7. II. Notice of... maintains that the redacted portions of the Governors' Decision, contract, customer-identifying...

  18. 77 FR 39747 - Changes in Postal Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-05

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2012-16434] POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket No. MC2012-30; Order No. 1386] Changes in... views electronically should contact the person identified in FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT by... Rate Envelope option in the EMI product category. Notice at 1. The stated purpose of the change is...

  19. 78 FR 13714 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning the addition of Priority Mail Contract 55 to the... Mail Contract 55 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ It asserts that Priority Mail Contract 55 is a... Priority Mail Contract 55 to Competitive Product List and Notice of Filing (Under Seal) of Unredacted...

  20. 75 FR 12445 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-16

    ...: The Commission is adding International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 2 to the Competitive Product List. This action is consistent with a postal reform law. Republication of the Market... product identified as International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 2 to the...

  1. Hydrogen-fueled postal vehicle performance evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hall, R. A.

    1979-01-01

    Fuel consumption, range, and emissions data were obtained while operating a hydrogen-fueled postal delivery vehicle over a defined Postal Service Driving Cycle and the 1975 Urban Driving Cycle. The vehicle's fuel consumption was 0.366 pounds of hydrogen per mile over the postal driving cycle and 0.22 pounds of hydrogen per mile over the urban driving cycle. These data correspond to 6.2 and 10.6 mpg equivalent gasoline mileage for the two driving cycles, respectively. The vehicle's range was 24.2 miles while being operated on the postal driving cycle. Vehicle emissions were measured over the urban driving cycle. HC and CO emissions were quite low, as would be expected. The oxides of nitrogen were found to be 4.86 gm/mi, a value which is well above the current Federal and California standards. Vehicle limitations discussed include excessive engine flashbacks, inadequate acceleration capability the engine air/fuel ratio, the water injection systems, and the cab temperature. Other concerns are safety considerations, iron-titanium hydride observed in the fuel system, evidence of water in the engine rocker cover, and the vehicle maintenance required during the evaluation.

  2. A High Technology Military Postal Service.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Mail to military personnel overseas is delivered essentially in the same way it was during World War I. The use of electronic mail has been growing...in private industry and the United States Postal Service recently began an international application of electronic mail . The new technology offers

  3. 76 FR 10410 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-24

    ... Justification, Jo Ann Miller, former Director, Global Business Development, asserts that the services to be... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to add International Business Reply Service (IBRS... International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 to the competitive product list...

  4. 76 FR 80985 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to enter into an outstanding International Business Reply..., pursuant to 39 CFR 3015.5, of contingency prices under an outstanding International Business Reply Service... under Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 1...

  5. 75 FR 11452 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... objectives and factors: Objective No. 1 (maximization of incentives to reduce costs and increase efficiency... (the degree of mail preparation by mailers for delivery into the postal system and its effect on cost reduction); and Factor No. 12 (the need to increase efficiency, reduce costs, and maintain high quality...

  6. 78 FR 4478 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-22

    ... cost and market characteristics. Id. at 4. It notes that the pricing formula and classification... noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an additional Global Plus 2C contract. This notice... notice announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 2C contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The...

  7. 78 FR 33451 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-04

    ... Supporting Justification, Frank Cebello, Executive Director, Global Business Management, asserts that the... and medium-size businesses. Request at 5. Governors' Decision No. 10-1 established prices and...' Decision No. 11-6 authorizes Postal Service management to prepare and present to the Commission...

  8. 75 FR 45174 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-02

    ..., rate schedules, a management analysis, and certification that prices satisfy applicable pricing criteria. Attachment 3 is a Statement of Justification by the Executive Director, Global Business Management. Attachment 4 is a representative agreement between the Postal Service and a customer of...

  9. The Effort and Reward of Teaching Medical Psychology in Germany: an Online Survey

    PubMed Central

    Kendel, Friederike; Rockenbauch, Katrin; Deubner, Rolf; Philipp, Swetlana; Fabry, Götz

    2016-01-01

    Background: The increasing significance of university teaching also leads to higher demands for academic teachers. Against this background this study inquires how teachers in the field of medical pychology experience and evaluate their various activities and how their efforts on the one hand and gratifications on the other hand relate to each other (as conceptualized by the effort-reward-imbalance, ERI). Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in 2012 among the academic staff of departments of medical psychology in Germany. The questionnaire was answered by 188 participants (return rate: 39.2%), of whom 62% were women. Work stress was measured according to Siegrist’s effort–reward-imbalance (ERI) model. Further questions referred to the distribution of academic activities and meaningfulness. Results: Among all participants, 67.3% were satisfied with the portion of their workload devoted to teaching, while 63% wanted more time for research. The ERI-coefficient was on average M=0.76 (SD=0.45), thus indicating a shift towards reward. There were no associations with gender, age, or fixed-term work contracts. Meaningfulness was associated negatively with the ERI (r=-.21, p=.012), and positively with overcommitment (r=.52, p<.001) and the desire for less administrative tasks (r=.24, p=.017). Conclusions: Teaching medical psychology is evaluated as positive and meaningful by a majority of respondents. In general, the rewarding aspects seem to outweigh the stressful factors. Thus, teaching might be a protective factor with regard to coping with work related burden. PMID:27990472

  10. 78 FR 12108 - New Postal Product; Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... New Postal Product; Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an amendment to the existing Express Mail & Priority Mail Contract 11 Negotiated Service Agreement. This notice informs the public...

  11. 78 FR 12801 - New Postal Product; Negotiated Service Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-25

    ... New Postal Product; Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... Parcel Return Service Contract 3 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that Parcel Return Service Contract 3 is a competitive product ``not of general applicability'' within...

  12. 76 FR 12141 - New Postal Product and New Price Category

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ... New Postal Product and New Price Category AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... Services to the competitive product list. The Postal Service also states that it has established a new... new product to the competitive product list and concurrently establish a new price category under that...

  13. 77 FR 10033 - Advisory Committee International Postal and Delivery Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-21

    ... Committee International Postal and Delivery Services AGENCY: Department of State. ACTION: Notice; FACA... Postal and Delivery Services. This Committee has been formed in fulfillment of the provisions of the 2006... related to international postal and delivery services of interest to Advisory Committee members and...

  14. 39 CFR 1.1 - Establishment of the U.S. Postal Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Establishment of the U.S. Postal Service. 1.1 Section 1.1 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL POLICY (ARTICLE I) § 1.1 Establishment of the U.S. Postal Service. The U.S. Postal Service...

  15. 39 CFR 1.1 - Establishment of the U.S. Postal Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Establishment of the U.S. Postal Service. 1.1 Section 1.1 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL POLICY (ARTICLE I) § 1.1 Establishment of the U.S. Postal Service. The U.S. Postal Service...

  16. Prevalence and impact of musculoskeletal disorders in New Zealand nurses, postal workers and office workers.

    PubMed

    Harcombe, Helen; McBride, David; Derrett, Sarah; Gray, Andrew

    2009-10-01

    To describe the prevalence, characteristics and impact of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in New Zealand nurses, postal workers and office workers. A postal survey asked participants about MSDs, (low back, neck, shoulder, elbow, wrist/hand or knee pain lasting longer than one day), and demographic, physical and psychosocial factors. Nurses were randomly selected from the Nursing Council database, postal workers from their employer's database and office workers from the 2005 electoral roll. The response rate of potentially eligible participants was 58% (n=443). Participants were aged 20-59 years; 86% were female. Over the 12 months prior to the survey 88% of respondents had at least one MSD lasting longer than a day and 72% reported an MSD present for at least seven days. Of the 1,003 MSDs reported, 18% required time off work and 24% required modified work duties. In the month prior to the survey 17% of MSDs made functional tasks difficult or impossible. Low back, neck and shoulder pain prevalence did not differ by occupation. Postal workers had the highest prevalence of elbow and wrist/hand pain; nurses of knee pain. The high prevalence of MSDs among these workers indicates that they are indeed in 'at risk' occupations. In each occupational group MSDs encompass a range of anatomical sites, however the overall pattern of MSDs differs by occupation. MSDs have a significant impact on activities at work and home. Primary and secondary prevention strategies should encompass a range of anatomical sites and specifically target different occupational groups.

  17. School Psychology in Canada: A Survey of Roles and Functions, Challenges and Aspirations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Jason J.; Hindes, Yvonne L.; Saklofske, Donald H.

    2009-01-01

    School psychology in Canada has evolved in recent years from being comprised mainly of "testers" to being regarded as an important partner in promoting the psychological and educational needs of children and supporting the mandates of our educational systems. As well, school psychology is now recognized as an area of specialization…

  18. School Psychology in Canada: A Survey of Roles and Functions, Challenges and Aspirations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Jason J.; Hindes, Yvonne L.; Saklofske, Donald H.

    2009-01-01

    School psychology in Canada has evolved in recent years from being comprised mainly of "testers" to being regarded as an important partner in promoting the psychological and educational needs of children and supporting the mandates of our educational systems. As well, school psychology is now recognized as an area of specialization…

  19. Italian School Psychology as Perceived by Italian School Psychologists: The Results of a National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trombetta, Carlo; Alessandri, Guido; Coyne, Julia

    2008-01-01

    International research in school psychology has suggested that Italy is among the remaining nations that have not generated systematic inquiry to clarify the practice of psychology in its schools. Italian school psychology has long been presumed to be nonexistent due to historical factors hindering its development and lack of local research…

  20. The impact of structural empowerment and psychological capital on competence among Chinese baccalaureate nursing students: A questionnaire survey.

    PubMed

    Liao, Rui-xue; Liu, Yan-hui

    2016-01-01

    Competence in nursing has been increasingly addressed. However, studies from the international literature have demonstrated that graduate nurses are not ready and they are not competent to provide safe and effective nursing care. Therefore, it is important to assess nursing students' competence and to explore the relevant factors for improving nursing students' competence and the quality of nursing care. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of structural empowerment (an environmental resource) and psychological capital (an intrapersonal resource) on baccalaureate nursing students' competence. The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey. A total of 300 senior baccalaureate nursing students in China practicing in five major tertiary teaching hospitals were invited to participate in the current survey. A total of 286 students completed the survey and were evaluated statistically. Thus, the response rate was 95.3%. The results of the study indicate that nursing students have medium-high levels of competence, and medium-high levels of structural empowerment and psychological capital. Students with perceived higher levels of structure empowerment and psychological capital were more likely to achieve higher levels of competence. Structural empowerment and psychological capital were significantly and positively correlated with students' competence. The findings implicate that nursing managers and educators should not only promote interventions to enhance competence of baccalaureate nursing students but also focus on creating a supportive clinical learning environment and strengthen their positive intrapersonal resource. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. 39 CFR 762.25 - Reclamation of amounts of paid disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reclamation of amounts of paid disbursement postal money orders. 762.25 Section 762.25 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT..., Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.25 Reclamation of amounts of...

  2. 39 CFR 762.25 - Reclamation of amounts of paid disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reclamation of amounts of paid disbursement postal money orders. 762.25 Section 762.25 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT..., Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.25 Reclamation of amounts of...

  3. 39 CFR 447.52 - Holding of State or local office by Postal Service employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Holding of State or local office by Postal Service employees. 447.52 Section 447.52 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PERSONNEL RULES OF CONDUCT FOR POSTAL EMPLOYEES Participation in Community Affairs § 447.52 Holding of State or local office by Postal...

  4. 39 CFR 762.31 - Disbursement postal money orders issued to deceased payees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disbursement postal money orders issued to... OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.31 Disbursement postal...

  5. 39 CFR 762.30 - Disbursement postal money orders issued to incompetent payees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disbursement postal money orders issued to... OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.30 Disbursement postal...

  6. 39 CFR 762.29 - Endorsement of disbursement postal money orders by payees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Endorsement of disbursement postal money orders by...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.29 Endorsement of disbursement postal...

  7. 39 CFR 762.14 - Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders may be issued.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders... OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS General, Definitions, Issuance § 762.14 Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders may be issued. Disbursement Postal...

  8. 39 CFR 762.29 - Endorsement of disbursement postal money orders by payees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Endorsement of disbursement postal money orders by...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.29 Endorsement of disbursement postal...

  9. 39 CFR 762.30 - Disbursement postal money orders issued to incompetent payees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Disbursement postal money orders issued to... OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.30 Disbursement postal...

  10. 39 CFR 762.25 - Reclamation of amounts of paid disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... money orders. 762.25 Section 762.25 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.25 Reclamation of amounts...

  11. 39 CFR 762.14 - Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders may be issued.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders... OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS General, Definitions, Issuance § 762.14 Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders may be issued. Disbursement Postal...

  12. 39 CFR 762.14 - Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders may be issued.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders... OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS General, Definitions, Issuance § 762.14 Amounts for which disbursement postal money orders may be issued. Disbursement Postal...

  13. 39 CFR 762.25 - Reclamation of amounts of paid disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... money orders. 762.25 Section 762.25 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.25 Reclamation of amounts...

  14. 39 CFR 762.29 - Endorsement of disbursement postal money orders by payees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Endorsement of disbursement postal money orders by...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.29 Endorsement of disbursement postal...

  15. Postal Service in Colonial America: A Bibliography of Material in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries, National Postal Museum Branch.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carr, Timothy, Comp.; Shumate, Debra, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography of materials in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries, National Postal Museum Branch, is intended to promote the study of Colonial American postal service in the library. It focuses on postal service in the European settlements that became the United States. The first section lists 38 books, and the second sections…

  16. Application of summative content analysis to a postal questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Griffiths, Thomas Howard

    2016-01-01

    Content analysis of replies to closed questions in questionnaires can be undertaken to understand remarks that may explain the responses, provide illustrative examples of issues raised in the questionnaire, define new issues or issues of importance that were not covered in the questionnaire and inform the design of new questions in future surveys. To discuss the usefulness of summative content analysis to free text in postal questionnaires. Content analysis provides useful comparative insights between two respondent groups in the case example provided. Five themes emerged: poor understanding of the concept of 'patient lateral transfer work technique' and the direct instrument nursing observation (DINO) instrument's key directions; outcomes of patient transfer; positive responses; manual handling risk; and poor translation into English of DINO. Respondents need an opportunity to clarify their responses to questionnaires using free text, to provide insight into their understanding of the question being asked, understanding of the concept or construct being discussed, and data triangulation through the confirmation of item responses and free-text comments. Responses to questions in a postal questionnaire and the opportunity for free-text commentary by respondents enable the identification of hidden meanings behind tickbox responses to questions.

  17. Associations between Psychological Distress and Body Mass Index among Law Enforcement Officers: The National Health Interview Survey 2004-2010

    PubMed Central

    Charles, Luenda E; Burchfiel, Cecil M; Andrew, Michael E; Ma, Claudia; Bang, Ki Moon; Violanti, John M

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the association between psychological distress and obesity among law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the United States. Methods Self-reported data on psychological distress based on six key questions were obtained from LEOs who participated in the National Health Interview Survey (2004-2010). We used Prochaska's cut-point of a Kessler 6 score ≥ 5 for moderate/high mental distress in our analysis. Mean levels of body mass index (BMI) were compared across three levels of psychological distress. Results The average age of LEOs (n = 929) was 39.3 years; 25% were female. Overall, 8.1% of LEOs had moderate or high psychological distress; 37.5% were obese (BMI ≥ 30). Mean BMI increased with increasing psychological distress (no distress, BMI = 27.2 kg/m2; mild distress, 27.6 kg/m2; and moderate/high distress, 33.1 kg/m2; p = 0.016) after adjustment for age, race, income, and education level among female officers only. Physical activity modified the association between psychological distress and BMI but only among male LEOs (interaction p = 0.002). Among male LEOs reporting low physical activity, psychological distress was positively associated with BMI (30.3 kg/m2 for no distress, 30.7 for mild distress, 31.8 for moderate/high distress; p = 0.179) after adjustment, but not significantly. This association was not significant among males reporting high physical activity. Conclusion Mean BMI significantly increased as psychological distress increased among female LEOs. A longitudinal study design may reveal the directionality of this association as well as the potential role that physical activity might play in this association. PMID:23515237

  18. Perceptions of stress among students participating in psychology research: a canadian survey.

    PubMed

    Flagel, David C; Best, Lisa A; Hunter, Aren C

    2007-09-01

    IT HAS BEEN SHOWN THAT PROPERLY conducted interviews in sensitive clinical contexts are negligibly stressful. The present study sought to extend these results and determine the perception of stress by research participants in nonclinical settings. Students enrolled in first year psychology courses typically have the option to receive class credit for research participation in studies assumed to pose minimal risk to participants. The perceptions of 101 student volunteers were examined to determine if they felt that research participation was stressful and, if so, what components of the process caused their stress. Participants completed a short survey indicating the reasons they served as research participants and the degree to which participation was stressful. They indicated that research participation was a valuable learning experience and the majority felt no stress associated with participation. Stress was reported by some due to concerns about confidentiality and evaluation by others of their personal performance. In addition, the majority of students reported having no knowledge of the ethical review process that preceded their participation. It is suggested that students should be informed of the ethical review process.

  19. Psychological and organizational impact of bullying over and above negative affectivity: a survey of two nursing contexts.

    PubMed

    Rodwell, John; Demir, Defne; Steane, Peter

    2013-06-01

    Limited research exists on the impact of bullying across psychological and/or organizationally orientated outcomes for nurses working within different nursing contexts. Research that has explored these outcomes has not considered the potential confounding effects of negative affectivity (NA). This study's aim was to examine the extent hospital and aged care nurses are impacted by bullying on these outcomes, while considering NA. A total of 267 hospital nurses/midwives and 168 aged care nurses from an Australian healthcare organization responded to a survey. The results revealed hospital nurses/midwives who experienced bullying reported higher levels of psychological distress, as well as lower commitment and job satisfaction levels. Aged care nurses who experienced bullying reported lower levels of well-being and commitment. NA was a significant covariate for most analyses. Thus, nurses across these contexts are affected by bullying in relation to psychological and organizational-orientated outcomes over and above the effects of NA, particularly for commitment.

  20. Nationwide firefighter survey: the prevalence of lower back pain and its related psychological factors among Korean firefighters.

    PubMed

    Kim, Min Gi; Seo, Ju-Il; Kim, KyooSang; Ahn, Yeon-Soon

    2016-09-02

    The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of lower back pain (LBP) and clarify the effect of work-related psychological factors on LBP. Nationwide survey data collected from male Korean firefighters (FIFS) were used. To identify the risk factors (work-related psychological factors such as job stress and depression) affecting LBP, the χ(2) test and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. The prevalence of LBP was 19.3% and was highest in the emergency medical service (31.8%) part of FF job types. Within job stress, an uncomfortable physical environment, high mental job demand and organizational injustice were associated with LBP. However, inadequate social support inversely associated with LBP. Depression and high-risk alcohol drinking were related to LBP. LBP was closely related to job stress, depression and alcohol intake. Proper interventions of psychological factors should therefore be addressed to control LBP in FIFS.

  1. [Ambulatory care of patients with asthma in Germany and disease management program for asthma from the view of statutory health insured patients. A postal survey of statutory health insured patients].

    PubMed

    Bücker, B; Löscher, S; Schürer, C; Schaper, K; Abholz, H-H; Wilm, S

    2015-03-01

    In spite of a decline in mortality due to asthma in Germany various studies point towards deficits in asthma care. Our investigation should collect data about ambulatory care from the view of statutory health insured patients (SHI), who participate in the disease management program asthma (DMP-P) or do not (NP). Primary question was, if there is a difference between asthma control. Secondary questions referred to process parameters. The postal inquiry was conducted in 2010 with 8000 randomly selected members of a SHI company with asthma (4000 DMP-P and 4000 NP). The descriptive evaluation of categorical items was performed with cross-tables. The absolute risk reduction (ARR) and 97.5 %-confidence interval (CI; multiple level 5 %) was used to evaluate the primary question. Secondary questions were analysed by ARR and 95 %-CI. The response rate of the questionnaire accounted for 31.1 % (2565). 49.2 % of all respondents lived with an uncontrolled asthma with no differences between DMP-P and NP (ARR -2.7 %, 97.5 %-CI -7.9 -2.4 %). Results did not alter after adjustment for sex and age. The secondary questions revealed significant differences (DMP-P vs. NP) in participation in asthma trainings 50.6 vs. 32.3 %, use of a peak-flow-meter 49.3 vs. 25.3 % and asthma action plan within reach 21.7 vs. 11.0 %. Half of all respondents lives selfreported - even in the DMP-group - with an uncontrolled asthma. Process parameters showed better results in the DMP-group. It can be considered, that the DMP has its desired effect on patient-centered care, but does not lead to a better therapeutic outcome. Explanations can only be assumed: insufficient impact of the process parameters on the outcome, patient behavior, that minimizes a possible effect, or selection effects, if patients, who were more sick and at the same time more motivated, were mainly included in the DMP. These aspects should be addressed in studies with a prospective design. © Georg Thieme

  2. Psychological distress, optimism and general health in breast cancer survivors: a data linkage study using the Scottish Health Survey.

    PubMed

    Leung, Janni; Atherton, Iain; Kyle, Richard G; Hubbard, Gill; McLaughlin, Deirdre

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the association between optimism and psychological distress in women with breast cancer after taking into account their self-rated general health. Data were aggregated from the Scottish Health Survey (2008 to 2011) to derive a nationally representative sample of 12,255 women (11,960 cancer-free controls, and 295 breast cancer cases identified from linked cancer registry data). The explanatory variables were optimism and general health, and the outcome variable was symptoms of psychological distress. Logistic regression analyses were conducted, with optimism entered in step 1 and general health entered in step 2. In an unadjusted model, higher levels of optimism were associated with lower odds of psychological distress in both the control group (OR = 0. 57, 95 % CI = 0.51-0.60) and breast cancer group (OR = 0. 64, 95 % CI = 0.47-0.88). However, in a model adjusting for general health, optimism was associated with lower odds of psychological distress only in the control group (OR = 0.50, 95 % CI = 0.44-0.57), but not significantly in the breast cancer group (OR = 1.15, 95 % CI = 0.32-4.11). In the breast cancer group, poor general health was a stronger associate of psychological distress (OR = 4. 98, 95 % CI = 1.32-18.75). Results were consistent after adjusting for age, years since breast cancer diagnosis, survey year, socioeconomic status, education, marital status, body mass index, smoking status, and alcohol consumption. This research confirms the value of multicomponent supportive care interventions for women with breast cancer. Specifically, it suggests that following breast cancer diagnosis, health care professionals need to provide advice and signpost to services that assist women to maintain or improve both their psychological and general health.

  3. 78 FR 40203 - New Postal Product

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ... Rate Boxes--Non-Published Rates (PMI RRB-NPR) to the competitive product list.\\1\\ It provides a related... pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3642 and 39 CFR 3020 et seq. Id. at 1. The Postal Service describes PMI RRB-NPR as a... postage for PMI RRB on an annualized basis. Id. at 4. Certain requirements attach if customers use a...

  4. Imprisoned by Empathy: Familial Incarceration and Psychological Distress among African American Men in the National Survey of American Life.

    PubMed

    Brown, Tony N; Bell, Mary Laske; Patterson, Evelyn J

    2016-06-01

    The stress process model predicts that current incarceration of a family member should damage the health status of the inmate's relatives. We address this prediction with data from the National Survey of American Life, focusing exclusively on African American men (n = 1,168). In survey-adjusted generalized linear models, we find that familial incarceration increases psychological distress, but its effect attenuates ostensibly after controlling for other chronic strains. Familial incarceration remains statistically insignificant with the introduction of mastery and family emotional support and their respective interactions with familial incarceration. However, a statistical interaction between familial incarceration and former incarceration reveals that levels of psychological distress are significantly higher among never-incarcerated respondents whose family members are incarcerated but significantly lower among formerly incarcerated respondents whose family members are incarcerated. We conclude that familial incarceration's influence on black men's mental health status may be more complex than extant theory predicts.

  5. [Reactive changes in psychological condition and behaviour in children of parents with cancer--results of an epidemiological survey].

    PubMed

    Bergelt, Corinna; Ernst, Johanna Christine; Beierlein, Volker; Inhestern, Laura; Holes, Sarah; Möller, Birgit; Romer, Georg; Koch, Uwe

    2012-01-01

    Children of cancer patients are at risk for developing psychological symptoms. The parental appraisal of the child's psychological condition is a key variable for the utilization of child-centred psychosocial services. This study aimed at the systematic analysis of parental appraisals of changes in the emotional condition or behaviour of their children. We conducted an epidemiologic survey with a sample size of 1,809 patients with different cancer diagnoses, giving information about 2,581 children aged 21 years or younger at time of diagnosis. Quantitative information on children's distress during the disease and on changes in psychological condition or behaviour and qualitative information on the kind of changes were analysed. About half of the children were considered to be psychologically strongly affected during the disease. For about 25 % negative changes in psychological condition or behaviour are reported, positive changes are reported for 20 % of the children. Negative changes are most frequently described in young children (up to five years), positive changes are most frequently described in young adults (18 to 21 years). The results indicate that from the cancer parent's view many children are substantially distressed. Thus, the implementation of additional preventive psychosocial services seems reasonable and necessary.

  6. Psychological distress after cancer cure: a survey of 459 Hodgkin's disease survivors.

    PubMed Central

    Loge, J. H.; Abrahamsen, A. F.; Ekeberg, O.; Hannisdal, E.; Kaasa, S.

    1997-01-01

    To assess the levels of psychological distress and identify predictors of anxiety/depression caseness after cancer cure, a national population of 557 Hodgkin's disease (HD) survivors was surveyed. The respondents [204 women, 255 men, mean age 44 years (SD = 12)] returned a mailed questionnaire including The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Disease and treatment variables were based on the hospital records. A total of 27% had caseness scores (anxiety, 14.5%; depression, 4%; anxiety and depression, 8.5%). In a multiple logistic regression analysis, anxiety caseness was predicted by low educational status [OR (odds ratio) = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.02-4.22], observational period 7 years or longer (7-10 years: OR = 3.07, 95% CI = 1.26-7.47), combined irradiation and chemotherapy treatment (OR = 2.77, 95% CI = 1.17-6.54) and psychiatric symptoms before HD (OR = 2.55, 95% CI = 1.40-4.65) or during treatment (OR = 3.51, 95% CI = 2.08-5.90). Depression caseness was predicted by age (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.00-1.06) and psychiatric symptoms before HD (OR = 5.1, 95% CI = 2.55-10.31) Anxiety cases are more prevalent than in the general Norwegian population, and were found to be most common 7-10 years after treatment. The most intensive treatment was associated with increased risk for anxiety caseness. The subjects experienced distress during treatment precedes difficulties in long-term adjustment. Focusing on these predictors during treatment and follow-up controls may improve long-term outcome. PMID:9310248

  7. A Survey of Master's-Level Psychology Programs: Admissions Criteria and Program Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briihl, Deborah S.; Wasieleski, David T.

    2004-01-01

    This study summarizes the admission and program characteristics of American master's-level graduate programs housed in psychology departments. Individual programs (N = 253) from 163 colleges and universities provided data, including the use of grade point average, Graduate Record Exam scores, and other tests (Psychology Graduate Record Exam,…

  8. A Survey of Master's-Level Psychology Programs: Admissions Criteria and Program Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briihl, Deborah S.; Wasieleski, David T.

    2004-01-01

    This study summarizes the admission and program characteristics of American master's-level graduate programs housed in psychology departments. Individual programs (N = 253) from 163 colleges and universities provided data, including the use of grade point average, Graduate Record Exam scores, and other tests (Psychology Graduate Record Exam,…

  9. Unemployment and psychological distress one year after childbirth in France.

    PubMed

    Saurel-Cubizolles, M J; Romito, P; Ancel, P Y; Lelong, N

    2000-03-01

    To analyse the relation between unemployment and the psychological distress of mothers one year after childbirth. Multicentric survey concerning births occurring between September 1993 and July 1994. In France: two maternity units in the Parisian area and one in Champagne-Ardennes, in the east of France, comprising both urban and rural areas. Primipara and secondipara women were interviewed three times: at birth by a face to face interview, five months and 12 months after the birth, by postal questionnaires, with a 83% response rate for the two postal questionnaires. The analysis includes 632 women who answered all three stages of the survey. Psychological distress was mainly assessed one year after birth by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. After adjustment for unwanted pregnancy, marital conflicts, marital status, hospitalisation of the baby during the last year, lack of confiding relationship, depressive or anxious troubles before pregnancy, age, educational level and parity, unemployed women had an excess of psychological distress compared with employed women (OR = 1.87; 95% CI = 1.12, 3.13). The ratios for housewives were very close to those of employed women. Among the unemployed women, 60% had recently been without a job, since a few months before or after the birth. An excess of psychological distress among unemployed compared with employed women was observed in all social groups defined by the current or last occupation, but with various extents. Psychological distress was specially linked to the employment status in the group of women with the more qualified occupations. Even after a birth, when women are very much involved in their maternal role, those seeking a job have worse mental health than those in a stable situation, either employed or housewives. In France, the unemployment rate among young women is high. It is specially important that social regulations protecting employment during and after pregnancy are adequately applied. Employers

  10. Does active commuting improve psychological wellbeing? Longitudinal evidence from eighteen waves of the British Household Panel Survey.

    PubMed

    Martin, Adam; Goryakin, Yevgeniy; Suhrcke, Marc

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between active travel and psychological wellbeing. This study used data on 17,985 adult commuters in eighteen waves of the British Household Panel Survey (1991/2-2008/9). Fixed effects regression models were used to investigate how (i.) travel mode choice, (ii.) commuting time, and (iii.) switching to active travel impacted on overall psychological wellbeing and how (iv.) travel mode choice impacted on specific psychological symptoms included in the General Health Questionnaire. After accounting for changes in individual-level socioeconomic characteristics and potential confounding variables relating to work, residence and health, significant associations were observed between overall psychological wellbeing (on a 36-point Likert scale) and (i.) active travel (0.185, 95% CI: 0.048 to 0.321) and public transport (0.195, 95% CI: 0.035 to 0.355) when compared to car travel, (ii.) time spent (per 10minute change) walking (0.083, 95% CI: 0.003 to 0.163) and driving (-0.033, 95% CI: -0.064 to -0.001), and (iii.) switching from car travel to active travel (0.479, 95% CI: 0.199 to 0.758). Active travel was also associated with reductions in the odds of experiencing two specific psychological symptoms when compared to car travel. The positive psychological wellbeing effects identified in this study should be considered in cost-benefit assessments of interventions seeking to promote active travel. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  11. Does active commuting improve psychological wellbeing? Longitudinal evidence from eighteen waves of the British Household Panel Survey

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Adam; Goryakin, Yevgeniy; Suhrcke, Marc

    2014-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between active travel and psychological wellbeing. Method This study used data on 17,985 adult commuters in eighteen waves of the British Household Panel Survey (1991/2–2008/9). Fixed effects regression models were used to investigate how (i.) travel mode choice, (ii.) commuting time, and (iii.) switching to active travel impacted on overall psychological wellbeing and how (iv.) travel mode choice impacted on specific psychological symptoms included in the General Health Questionnaire. Results After accounting for changes in individual-level socioeconomic characteristics and potential confounding variables relating to work, residence and health, significant associations were observed between overall psychological wellbeing (on a 36-point Likert scale) and (i.) active travel (0.185, 95% CI: 0.048 to 0.321) and public transport (0.195, 95% CI: 0.035 to 0.355) when compared to car travel, (ii.) time spent (per 10 minute change) walking (0.083, 95% CI: 0.003 to 0.163) and driving (− 0.033, 95% CI: − 0.064 to − 0.001), and (iii.) switching from car travel to active travel (0.479, 95% CI: 0.199 to 0.758). Active travel was also associated with reductions in the odds of experiencing two specific psychological symptoms when compared to car travel. Conclusion The positive psychological wellbeing effects identified in this study should be considered in cost–benefit assessments of interventions seeking to promote active travel. PMID:25152507

  12. Application of Information Science in Postal Services, Telecommunications, and Management,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-10-27

    RD-A122 Oil APPLICATION OF INFORMATION SCIENCE IN POSTAL SERVICES i/i TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND MANAGEMENT(U) FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON...6hTWOJL GMIAU Or STAWSOI - 1963 -A FTD-ID(RS)T-1322-82 FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIVISION APPLICATION OF INFORMATION SCIENCE IN POSTAL SERVICES...82 EDITED TRANSLATION FTD-ID(RS)T-1322-82 27 October 1982 MICROFICHE NR: FTD-82-C-001369 APPLICATION OF INFORMATION SCIENCE IN POSTAL SERVICES

  13. Same-sex legal marriage and psychological well-being: findings from the California Health Interview Survey.

    PubMed

    Wight, Richard G; Leblanc, Allen J; Lee Badgett, M V

    2013-02-01

    We examined whether same-sex marriage was associated with nonspecific psychological distress among self-identified lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults, and whether it had the potential to offset mental health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons and heterosexuals. Population-based data (weighted) were from the 2009 adult (aged 18-70 years) California Health Interview Survey. Within-group analysis of lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons included 1166 individuals (weighted proportion = 3.15%); within-group heterosexual analysis included 35 608 individuals (weighted proportion = 96.58%); and pooled analysis of lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons and heterosexuals included 36 774 individuals. Same-sex married lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons were significantly less distressed than lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons not in a legally recognized relationship; married heterosexuals were significantly less distressed than nonmarried heterosexuals. In adjusted pairwise comparisons, married heterosexuals had the lowest psychological distress, and lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons who were not in legalized relationships had the highest psychological distress (P < .001). Psychological distress was not significantly distinguishable among same-sex married lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons, lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons in registered domestic partnerships, and heterosexuals. Being in a legally recognized same-sex relationship, marriage in particular, appeared to diminish mental health differentials between heterosexuals and lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. Researchers must continue to examine potential health benefits of same-sex marriage, which is at least in part a public health issue.

  14. Specialty satisfaction, positive psychological capital, and nursing professional values in nursing students: A cross-sectional survey.

    PubMed

    Woo, Chung Hee; Park, Ju Young

    2017-10-01

    Ideally, college majors should be chosen to achieve self-realization and correspond to self-concept. However, some students select a major based on extrinsic factors, rather than aptitude or interests, because of a lack of employment opportunities. If they have negative college experiences with an unsatisfactory major, they might not engage fully in their occupation following graduation. This study aimed to identify factors affecting specialty satisfaction in preclinical practice nursing-college students. A cross-sectional descriptive survey. A nonprobability convenience sample of 312 nursing-college students at colleges in Deajeon City, South Korea. The survey questionnaire was distributed to those who agreed to participate. Freshmen and sophomore nursing students (n=312). Participants were 312 students at colleges in Deajeon City. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data, which were analyzed using SPSS/WIN. Positive psychological capital and nursing professional values were positively correlated with specialty satisfaction. Significant predictors for specialty satisfaction included hope and optimism (as components of positive psychological capital), the roles of nursing service and originality of nursing (as nursing professional values), and aptitude/interests and job value (as motives for selecting a major). The findings suggested that nursing students' specialty satisfaction was partially linked to positive psychological capital and professional values. Therefore, the promotion of positive factors should be useful in enhancing specialty satisfaction in preclinical-practice nursing-college students. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. How do social activities mitigate informal caregivers' psychological distress? Evidence from a nine-year panel survey in Japan.

    PubMed

    Oshio, Takashi; Kan, Mari

    2016-08-22

    It is well known that informal caregiving negatively affects caregivers' mental health, while social activities improve mental health outcomes among middle-aged and elderly individuals. The goal of the present study was to examine how participation in social activities affected the trajectory of an informal caregiver's psychological distress. We used the data from a nationwide nine-wave panel survey of the middle-aged individuals (aged 50-59 years at baseline) in Japan conducted in 2005-13 (N = 24,193 individuals;12,352 women and 11,841 men), mainly focusing on the respondents beginning to provide informal caregiving during the survey period. We employed linear mixed-effects models to explain how the trajectory of psychological distress, measured by Kessler 6 (K6) scores, was associated with caregiving commencement and duration, as well as social activity participation. Participation in social activities was associated with mitigated K6 scores at caregiving commencement by 66.2 and 58.2 % for women and men, respectively. After caregiving started, participation in social activities reduced the average rise in K6 scores, per year, by 65.6 and 89.6 % for women and men, respectively. We observed similar results when focusing on participation before caregiving commencement to avoid endogeneity problems. Results suggest that participation in social activities can alleviate caregivers' psychological distress. Policy measures to support social activities are recommended for the health and well-being of current and potential caregivers.

  16. 39 CFR 778.10 - How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 778.10 Section 778.10 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE... Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  17. 39 CFR 762.27 - Processing of disbursement postal money orders by Federal Reserve Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Federal Reserve Banks. 762.27 Section 762.27 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE... disbursement postal money orders by Federal Reserve Banks. In accordance with an agreement between the Postal Service and the Federal Reserve Banks as depositaries and fiscal agents of the United States,...

  18. 39 CFR 762.27 - Processing of disbursement postal money orders by Federal Reserve Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Federal Reserve Banks. 762.27 Section 762.27 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE... disbursement postal money orders by Federal Reserve Banks. In accordance with an agreement between the Postal Service and the Federal Reserve Banks as depositaries and fiscal agents of the United States,...

  19. 39 CFR 762.27 - Processing of disbursement postal money orders by Federal Reserve Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Federal Reserve Banks. 762.27 Section 762.27 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE... disbursement postal money orders by Federal Reserve Banks. In accordance with an agreement between the Postal Service and the Federal Reserve Banks as depositaries and fiscal agents of the United States,...

  20. 39 CFR 762.28 - Release of original disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Release of original disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.28 Release of original disbursement...

  1. 39 CFR 762.43 - Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes for Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated, and Defaced Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.43 Issuance of substitute disbursement...

  2. 39 CFR 762.27 - Processing of disbursement postal money orders by Federal Reserve Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Processing of disbursement postal money orders by... DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.27 Processing...

  3. 39 CFR 762.43 - Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes for Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated, and Defaced Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.43 Issuance of substitute disbursement...

  4. 39 CFR 762.28 - Release of original disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Release of original disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.28 Release of original disbursement...

  5. 39 CFR 762.43 - Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes for Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated, and Defaced Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.43 Issuance of substitute disbursement...

  6. 39 CFR 762.43 - Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes for Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated, and Defaced Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.43 Issuance of substitute disbursement...

  7. 39 CFR 762.28 - Release of original disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Release of original disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.28 Release of original disbursement...

  8. 39 CFR 762.43 - Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Issuance of substitute disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes for Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated, and Defaced Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.43 Issuance of substitute disbursement...

  9. 39 CFR 762.27 - Processing of disbursement postal money orders by Federal Reserve Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Processing of disbursement postal money orders by... DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.27 Processing...

  10. 39 CFR 762.28 - Release of original disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Release of original disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.28 Release of original disbursement...

  11. 39 CFR 762.28 - Release of original disbursement postal money orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Release of original disbursement postal money...; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Endorsements, Payment, Guaranties, Warranties and Processing of Disbursement Postal Money Orders § 762.28 Release of original disbursement...

  12. 39 CFR 235.1 - Postal Service to the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Postal Service to the Armed Forces. 235.1 Section... LIAISON § 235.1 Postal Service to the Armed Forces. (a) Publication 38, Postal Agreement with the... Armed Forces. (b) The Chief Inspector is responsible for military liaison. (c) Postal inspectors provide...

  13. 39 CFR 235.1 - Postal Service to the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Postal Service to the Armed Forces. 235.1 Section... LIAISON § 235.1 Postal Service to the Armed Forces. (a) Publication 38, Postal Agreement with the... Armed Forces. (b) The Chief Inspector is responsible for military liaison. (c) Postal inspectors provide...

  14. 39 CFR 235.1 - Postal Service to the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Postal Service to the Armed Forces. 235.1 Section... LIAISON § 235.1 Postal Service to the Armed Forces. (a) Publication 38, Postal Agreement with the... Armed Forces. (b) The Chief Inspector is responsible for military liaison. (c) Postal inspectors...

  15. 39 CFR 235.1 - Postal Service to the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Postal Service to the Armed Forces. 235.1 Section... LIAISON § 235.1 Postal Service to the Armed Forces. (a) Publication 38, Postal Agreement with the... Armed Forces. (b) The Chief Inspector is responsible for military liaison. (c) Postal inspectors...

  16. 39 CFR 235.1 - Postal Service to the Armed Forces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Postal Service to the Armed Forces. 235.1 Section... LIAISON § 235.1 Postal Service to the Armed Forces. (a) Publication 38, Postal Agreement with the... Armed Forces. (b) The Chief Inspector is responsible for military liaison. (c) Postal inspectors...

  17. Survey of editors and reviewers of high-impact psychology journals: statistical and research design problems in submitted manuscripts.

    PubMed

    Harris, Alex; Reeder, Rachelle; Hyun, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    The authors surveyed 21 editors and reviewers from major psychology journals to identify and describe the statistical and design errors they encounter most often and to get their advice regarding prevention of these problems. Content analysis of the text responses revealed themes in 3 major areas: (a) problems with research design and reporting (e.g., lack of an a priori power analysis, lack of congruence between research questions and study design/analysis, failure to adequately describe statistical procedures); (b) inappropriate data analysis (e.g., improper use of analysis of variance, too many statistical tests without adjustments, inadequate strategy for addressing missing data); and (c) misinterpretation of results. If researchers attended to these common methodological and analytic issues, the scientific quality of manuscripts submitted to high-impact psychology journals might be significantly improved.

  18. Patient experiences at diagnosis and psychological well-being in prostate cancer: A Finnish national survey.

    PubMed

    Lehto, Ulla-Sisko; Helander, Sanni; Taari, Kimmo; Aromaa, Arpo

    2015-06-01

    Most cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed at an early stage, and men live for many years after diagnosis. Thus, their well-being and quality of life are of great importance. This study investigated patient experiences and psychological well-being in a Finnish national sample of prostate cancer patients who received various types of treatment. In a national sample (50%) of prostate cancer patients diagnosed in Finland in 2004, information was collected on the patients' experiences at diagnosis and choice of treatment (e.g. treatment selection, patient satisfaction with care and information, psychological reactions). In 2009, participants were asked about their experiences, and psychological well-being (psychological symptoms, satisfaction with life) was measured. In total, 1239 completed questionnaires (73%) were accepted for the study. Differences between treatments and predictors of psychological well-being were investigated using descriptive statistics and regression analysis. Half of the respondents were satisfied with the care and information they received about the cancer and side effects of treatment. Experiences and psychological well-being were most positive among patients who received brachytherapy and poorest among patients who received hormonal therapy. Patients who underwent prostatectomy or brachytherapy were most likely to have been involved in treatment selection. Negative experiences, such as learning of the diagnosis in an impersonal way and dissatisfaction with the information and care received, were predictive of poorer well-being. Unmet supportive care and informational needs were common. Experiences and well-being varied between treatments. Patients tended to prefer prostatectomy and brachytherapy. Unmet needs, which would probably be reduced by improvements in care, appear to have a long-lasting impact on patients' psychological well-being. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Risk of psychological ill health and methods of organisational downsizing: a cross-sectional survey in four European countries.

    PubMed

    Andreeva, Elena; Brenner, M Harvey; Theorell, Töres; Goldberg, Marcel

    2017-09-29

    The manner in which organizational downsizing is implemented can make a substantial difference as to whether the exposed workers will suffer from psychological ill health. Surprisingly, little research has directly investigated this issue. We examined the likelihood of psychological ill health associated with strategic and reactive downsizing. A cross-sectional survey included 1456 respondents from France, Sweden, Hungary and the United Kingdom: 681 employees in stable workplaces (reference group) and 775 workers from downsized companies. Reactive downsizing was exemplified by the exposures to compulsory redundancies of medium to large scale resulting in job loss or surviving a layoff while staying employed in downsized organizations. The workforce exposed to strategic downsizing was represented by surplus employees who were internally redeployed and supported through their career change process within a policy context of "no compulsory redundancy". Symptoms of anxiety, depression and emotional exhaustion were assessed in telephone interviews with brief subscales from Hospital Anxiety Scale (HADS-A), Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-CD6) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS). Data were analyzed using logistic regression. We observed no increased risk of psychological ill health in the case of strategic downsizing. The number of significant associations with psychological ill health was the largest for the large-scale reactive downsizing: surviving a layoff was consistently associated with all three outcome measures; returning to work after the job loss experience was related to anxiety and depression, while persons still unemployed at interview had elevated odds of anxiety. After reactive medium-scale downsizing, unemployment at interview was the only exposure associated with anxiety and depression. The manner in which organizational downsizing is implemented can be important for the psychological wellbeing of workers. If downsizing is unavoidable, it should be

  20. How did we learn best? A retrospective survey of clinical psychology training in the United Kingdom.

    PubMed

    Nel, Pieter W; Pezzolesi, Cinzia; Stott, Dave J

    2012-09-01

    This U.K.-based study aimed to investigate qualified clinical psychologists' perceptions of the value and usefulness of the learning activities experienced during their training in clinical psychology. Members (N = 357) of the Division of Clinical Psychology of the British Psychological Society (BPS) completed a self-report questionnaire about their training as clinical psychologists. The results indicate that most clinical psychologists believe that they learnt mainly through doing and by observing others' clinical practice. They also highlight the importance of the learning relationship and the value of personal therapy for learning. The findings point to the need for more training of trainers, especially clinical supervisors. They also draw attention to the need for more research to establish which learning activities contribute most / least to trainees' developing competence. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. 76 FR 51311 - Administrative Practice and Procedure, Postal Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-18

    ...'' link in the banner at the top of the Commission's Web site ( http://www.prc.gov ) or by directly accessing the Commission's Filing Online system at https://www.prc.gov/prc-pages/filing-online/login.aspx... request to the Postal Service to develop language describing individual products.\\1\\ The Postal...

  2. 12 CFR 7.1010 - Postal service by national bank.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... and operate a postal substation on banking premises and receive income from it. The services performed by the substation are those permitted under applicable rules of the United States Postal Service and... advertise, develop, and extend the services of the substation for the purpose of attracting customers to the...

  3. 77 FR 20656 - Postal Service Classification and Price Adjustments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-05

    ... Postal Service Classification and Price Adjustments AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... announcing its intent to implement Picture Permit Imprint Indicia as price categories for First-Class Mail... and price adjustment will permit certain images, such as corporate or product logos, to be placed in...

  4. 76 FR 9381 - Change in Contractual Priority Mail Postal Prices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ... Change in Contractual Priority Mail Postal Prices AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... contractual Priority Mail prices. This document provides public notice of the changes and addresses related... of a change in prices pursuant to an amendment to Priority Mail Contract 7.\\1\\ The Notice includes...

  5. 78 FR 51678 - Market Tests of Experimental Postal Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-21

    ... 39 CFR Parts 3001 and 3035 Market Tests of Experimental Postal Products AGENCY: Postal Regulatory... Service filings concerning market tests of experimental products. The proposed rules address the contents of market test filings, describe how the filings will be reviewed, and discuss related matters. The...

  6. Pilot assessment and survey of Syrian refugees' psychological stress and openness to referral for telepsychiatry (PASSPORT Study).

    PubMed

    Jefee-Bahloul, Hussam; Moustafa, Moustafa K; Shebl, Fatma M; Barkil-Oteo, Andres

    2014-10-01

    Given the scarcity of mental health resources available for refugees in areas of conflict, it is imperative to investigate interventions that would be accepted by the refugees. In this study we surveyed 354 Syrian refugees using the HADStress screening tool and asked about their openness to referral to psychiatry and telepsychiatry. Of the surveyed sample, 41.8% had scores on HADStress that correlate to posttraumatic stress disorder. However, only 34% of the whole sample reported a perceived need to see a psychiatrist, and of those only 45% were open to telepsychiatry. Women, those who were bilingual, and those with positive HADStress status were less likely to accept telepsychiatry; however, this finding did not reach statistical significance. This study reports a partial acceptance of Syrian refugees for telepsychiatric services despite the high prevalence of psychological stress.

  7. U.S. Geological Survey scientific activities in the exploration of Antarctica: 1946-2006 record of personnel in Antarctica and their postal cachets: U.S. Navy (1946-48, 1954-60), International Geophysical Year (1957-58), and USGS (1960-2006)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Meunier, Tony K.; Williams, Richard S.; Ferrigno, Jane G.

    2007-01-01

    Antarctica, a vast region encompassing 13.2 million km2 (5.1 million mi2), is considered to be one of the most important scientific laboratories on Earth. During the past 60 years, the USGS, in collaboration and with logistical support from the National Science Foundation's Office of Polar Programs, has sent 325 USGS scientists to Antarctica to work on a wide range of projects: 169 personnel from the NMD (mostly aerial photography, surveying, and geodesy, primarily used for the modern mapping of Antarctica), 138 personnel from the GD (mostly geophysical and geological studies onshore and offshore), 15 personnel from the WRD (mostly hydrological/glaciological studies in the McMurdo Dry Valleys), 2 personnel from the BRD (microbiological studies in the McMurdo Dry Valleys), and 1 person from the Director's Office (P. Patrick Leahy, Acting Director, 2005–06 austral field season). Three GD scientists and three NMD scientists have carried out field work in Antarctica 9 or more times: John C. Behrendt (15), who started in 1956–57 and published two memoirs (Behrendt, 1998, 2005), Arthur B. Ford (10), who started in 1960–61, and Gary D. Clow (9), who started in 1985–86; Larry D. Hothem (12), who began as a winter-over geodesist at Mawson Station in 1968–69, and Jerry L. Mullins (12), who started in 1982–83 and followed in the legendary footsteps of his NMD predecessor, William R. MacDonald (9), who started in 1960–61 and supervised the acquisition of more than 1,000,000 square miles of aerial photography of Antarctica. This report provides a record as complete as possible, of USGS and non-USGS collaborating personnel in Antarctica from 1946–2006, the geographic locations of their work, and their scientific/engineering disciplines represented. Postal cachets for each year follow the table of personnel and scientific activities in the exploration of Antarctica during those 60 years. To commemorate special events and projects in Antarctica, it became an

  8. Death and Dying Course Offerings in Psychology: A Survey of Nine Midwestern States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eckerd, Lizabeth M.

    2009-01-01

    The certainty of facing death and bereavement and the complex personal and societal issues involved argue for the importance of death education. The current study addresses a gap in knowledge by beginning to assess the extent of dying, death, and bereavement (DD&B) course offerings by U.S. psychology departments. This article reports on data…

  9. Same-Sex Legal Marriage and Psychological Well-Being: Findings From the California Health Interview Survey

    PubMed Central

    LeBlanc, Allen J.; Lee Badgett, M. V.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. We examined whether same-sex marriage was associated with nonspecific psychological distress among self-identified lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults, and whether it had the potential to offset mental health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons and heterosexuals. Methods. Population-based data (weighted) were from the 2009 adult (aged 18–70 years) California Health Interview Survey. Within-group analysis of lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons included 1166 individuals (weighted proportion = 3.15%); within-group heterosexual analysis included 35 608 individuals (weighted proportion = 96.58%); and pooled analysis of lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons and heterosexuals included 36 774 individuals. Results. Same-sex married lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons were significantly less distressed than lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons not in a legally recognized relationship; married heterosexuals were significantly less distressed than nonmarried heterosexuals. In adjusted pairwise comparisons, married heterosexuals had the lowest psychological distress, and lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons who were not in legalized relationships had the highest psychological distress (P < .001). Psychological distress was not significantly distinguishable among same-sex married lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons, lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons in registered domestic partnerships, and heterosexuals. Conclusions. Being in a legally recognized same-sex relationship, marriage in particular, appeared to diminish mental health differentials between heterosexuals and lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. Researchers must continue to examine potential health benefits of same-sex marriage, which is at least in part a public health issue. PMID:23237155

  10. Validation of the 10-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.

    PubMed

    Bougie, Evelyne; Arim, Rubab G; Kohen, Dafna E; Findlay, Leanne C

    2016-01-20

    The 10-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) is a short measure of non-specific psychological distress, which has been shown to be a sensitive screen for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for anxiety and mood disorders. The scale has yet to be validated as a measure of psychological distress for Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Using the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS), this study examined the psychometric properties of the K10 for First Nations people living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit aged 15 or older. The factor structure and internal consistency of the K10 were examined via confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha, respectively. Descriptive statistics by sex, education, household income, and age group were provided for the scale. K10 construct validity was further assessed by examining associations with mental health variables in the 2012 APS: self-rated mental health, self-reported diagnosed mood and anxiety disorders, and self-reported suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. A unidimensional "Distress" model with correlated errors was a good fit to the data. Cronbach's alpha values were satisfactory. K10 mean scores were positively skewed, with most respondents reporting few or no distress symptoms. Females and respondents with lower education and household income levels had significantly higher distress. Respondents aged 55 or older had significantly lower distress than their younger counterparts. K10 mean scores were significantly higher for respondents who reported poor mental health, a diagnosed mood disorder, a diagnosed anxiety disorder, or suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Results were consistent across all three Aboriginal groups. Based on the 2012 APS, the total score of the K10 appears to be psychometrically sound for use as a broad measure of non-specific psychological distress for First Nations people living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit.

  11. Information and Communication Technologies to Promote Social and Psychological Well-Being in the Air Force: A 2012 Survey of Airmen

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    survey; and offers recommendations for Air Force policy and practice . The research reported here was commissioned by the Air Force Office of the...Psychological Well-Being Differ Among Different Groups of Airmen? There were few consistent demographic differences of statistical and practical significance...recommendations for Air Force policy and practice . Organization of This Report Chapter Two describes the survey methodology—how the survey instrument

  12. Sexual dysfunctions and psychological disorders associated with type IIIa chronic prostatitis: a clinical survey in China.

    PubMed

    Mo, Mu-Qiong; Long, Ling-Li; Xie, Wen-Lin; Chen, Sai; Zhang, Wen-Hui; Luo, Can-Qiao; Deng, Li-Wen

    2014-12-01

    Chronic prostatitis (CP) is a frequent prostate-related complaint, impacts negatively on quality of life and is mostly of unclear etiology. Increasing attention has been paid to the prevalence of sexual dysfunctions in CP patients; however, the impact of specific types of CP and the correlation of sexual dysfunctions with psychological disorders associated with CP are not well understood. Type IIIa CP is characterized by chronic pelvic pain, urination symptoms and white blood cells in expressed prostatic secretion, but free of bacterial infection. A population of 600 type IIIa CP patients were randomly selected and 40 normal man were included as the control group. Queries were conducted by urologists. The National Institute of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI), the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) and the Symptom Checklist 90-R were used to evaluate the symptoms and severity of prostatitis, erectile dysfunctions and psychological problems, respectively. Scores of ejaculatory pain and premature ejaculation were also collected. Our study revealed that sexual dysfunctions are frequently associated with this specific type of CP. The prevalence of erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation and ejaculatory pain was 19, 30 and 30 %, respectively. A variety of psychological problems exist among type IIIa CP patients, including depression, anxiety, somatization, obsessive-compulsive and interpersonal sensitivity. In particular, the severity of erectile dysfunctions, but not premature ejaculation and ejaculatory pain, correlated significantly with depression and anxiety. Our data indicate that a moderate level of sexual dysfunctions exists among the type IIIa CP patients, and highlight the association of depression and anxiety with erectile dysfunction in CP patients, suggestting that special attention should be paid to these psychological issues in clinical treatments of the prostatitis symptoms and the associated erectile dysfunctions.

  13. Predictors of severe psychological distress trajectory after nuclear disaster: evidence from the Fukushima Health Management Survey

    PubMed Central

    Oe, Misari; Maeda, Masaharu; Nagai, Masato; Yasumura, Seiji; Yabe, Hirooki; Suzuki, Yuriko; Harigane, Mayumi; Ohira, Tetsuya; Abe, Masafumi

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, which occurred after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in March 2011, may have a considerable long-term impact on the lives of area residents. The aims of this study were to determine the trajectories of psychological distress using 3-year consecutive data, and to find predictive factors of severe distress that may also prove useful for public health intervention. Methods Data were obtained on 12 371 residents who were registered in the municipalities categorised as complete evacuation areas for 3 years after the disaster and who completed an assessment in each of the 3 years. Results Using group-based trajectory modelling, we identified four trajectory patterns distinguished by the levels of psychological distress, which gradually improved over time in all trajectories. Subjective sleep insufficiency, problem drinking, poor social support and perception of radiation risk 3 years after the accident were associated with the severity of psychological distress, according to the multivariate analysis. Conclusions The identified factors may be useful for community-based mental healthcare over the long term following a nuclear disaster. PMID:27798033

  14. 39 CFR 761.8 - Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities; payment of interest, payment at maturity or upon...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities... POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURES § 761.8 Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities; payment of interest, payment at maturity or...

  15. 39 CFR 762.42 - Request for substitute disbursement postal money orders; requirements for undertaking of indemnity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Request for substitute disbursement postal money... POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes for Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated, and Defaced Disbursement...

  16. 39 CFR 762.42 - Request for substitute disbursement postal money orders; requirements for undertaking of indemnity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Request for substitute disbursement postal money... POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS Issuance of Substitutes for Lost, Destroyed, Mutilated, and Defaced Disbursement...

  17. 39 CFR 761.8 - Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities; payment of interest, payment at maturity or upon...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities... POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURES § 761.8 Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities; payment of interest, payment at maturity or upon...

  18. 39 CFR 761.8 - Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities; payment of interest, payment at maturity or upon...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities... POSTAL SERVICE POSTAL SERVICE DEBT OBLIGATIONS; DISBURSEMENT POSTAL MONEY ORDERS BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURES § 761.8 Servicing book-entry Postal Service securities; payment of interest, payment at maturity or upon...

  19. Graduate Socialization in the Responsible Conduct of Research: A National Survey on the Research Ethics Training Experiences of Psychology Doctoral Students.

    PubMed

    Fisher, Celia B; Fried, Adam L; Feldman, Lindsay G

    2009-11-01

    Little is known about the mechanisms by which psychology graduate programs transmit responsible conduct of research (RCR) values. A national sample of 968 current students and recent graduates of mission-diverse doctoral psychology programs, completed a web-based survey on their research ethics challenges, perceptions of RCR mentoring and department climate, their ability to conduct research responsibility, and whether they believed psychology as a discipline promotes scientific integrity. Research experience, mentor RCR instruction and modeling, and department RCR policies predicted student RCR preparedness. Mentor RCR instruction, department RCR policies, and faculty modeling of RCR behaviors predicted confidence in the RCR integrity of the discipline. Implications for training are discussed.

  20. Physical and Psychological Well-being of University Students: Survey of Eleven Faculties in Egypt

    PubMed Central

    El Ansari, Walid; Labeeb, Shokria; Moseley, Lawrence; Kotb, Safaa; El-Houfy, Amira

    2013-01-01

    Background: We examined perceived health status and physical and psychological well-being of 3,271 undergraduate students attending eleven faculties in a university in Egypt. Methods: During 2009-2010, participants completed a self-administered questionnaire that gathered socio-demographic, physical and psychological health data. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from students’ measured height and weight. Differences across these variables were computed by gender and participating faculties. Results: Whilst more females watched and rated their health favorably, they were more likely to feel psychosomatic/physical health problems, to have seen a medical practitioner or been ill that they had to stay in bed. Females were consistently more likely to feel burdened overall, and across several aspects apart from financial problems. Less females had ‘normal’ BMI, were satisfied with current weight, perceived their body image as ‘just right’, or were not worried about their shape. More males rated their quality of life favorably. About 25% of males and 32% of females were either overweight/obese. Exams, presentations, and the lack of time for studies were the frequently-reported burdens. Comparisons of health/well-being indicators across the participating faculties suggested some evidence of ‘clustering’: Favorable indicators would cluster at some faculties; and conversely, less favorable variables would cluster at other faculties. Conclusions: Generally, the levels of some health complaints and psychological problems/burdens are higher than in other countries. Increased vigilance of university administrators and leaders to monitoring the health and well-being of their students, as well as their health needs is required if policy makers are to operate from a valid evidence base platform. Given cultural factors prevalent in the Eastern Mediterranean region generally, female students might require particular attention. The clustering effects suggest the need

  1. Cultural bases of images of causation in psychological disorder: a Colombian survey.

    PubMed

    Micklin, M; Leon, C A

    1978-01-01

    This study examines the influence of participation in differing socio-cultural contexts on beliefs about the causes of psychological disorder. Data were obtained through interviews with 794 laymen and 333 health workers, all residing in a single Colombian city. Results indicate an emphasis on organic causes among lay respondents and nearly equal emphasis on organic and social causes among medical-paramedical personnel. Futher variations are evident, between as well as within the two samples, when background characteristics are considered. Differences in these images of causation are explained in terms of the socio-cultural organization of Colombian society as well as that of the medical occupational subculture.

  2. Relatives' perception of stressors and psychological outcomes - Results from a survey study.

    PubMed

    Matt, Bastian; Schwarzkopf, Daniel; Reinhart, Konrad; König, Christian; Hartog, Christiane S

    2017-06-01

    To identify relevant stressors or resources of relatives of critically ill patients and explore their relationship with psychological outcomes. Prospective mixed-method study performed in 4 multidisciplinary ICUs of an urban academic hospital. Main relatives of consecutive patients with severe sepsis were questioned after 90days by structured interview. Quantitative data included demographic characteristics, ICU experience, Impact-of-Event Scale (posttraumatic stress) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS); answers to open questions about stressors and resources were transcribed verbatim and analyzed by thematic analysis. 143/205 (70%) relatives participated. Satisfaction with communication and care was high. Experiencing a stressor predicted posttraumatic stress (p=0.014) and anxiety (p=0.019) after 90days. Most common stressors were feelings of helplessness and uncertainty. The perception of being overburdened in the ICU predicted posttraumatic stress, anxiety and depression (all p≤0.001); In addition, patient's death or survival with significant deterioration in quality of life compared to status before admission predicted depression (p=0.016). Our study confirmed a high prevalence of PICS-F among relatives of critically ill patients. Feeling overburdened and experiencing acute stressors may be related to negative psychological outcomes. In future, vulnerable relatives might be identified by a single-item screening tool on feeling overburdened. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Psychological morbidity of farmers and non-farming population: results from a UK survey.

    PubMed

    Hounsome, Barry; Edwards, Rhiannon T; Hounsome, Natalia; Edwards-Jones, Gareth

    2012-08-01

    The relatively high rate of suicide among UK farmers suggests that they may suffer greater mental health problems than the general population. This paper provides a comparison of the psychological morbidity of farmers and their partners/spouses with non-farmers. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was administered using face-to-face interviews with 784 attendees of agricultural shows in the UK. Results show that GHQ-12 scores for farmers and their partners/spouses were significantly higher (P < 0.001) than those for the non-farming population, indicating higher psychological morbidity among farmer families. Approximately 35% of farmers had scores 12 and higher (recommended cut-off for psychiatric disorders), compared to 27% of non-farmers. Within the farmers group, male respondents, those aged from 45 to 64, self-employed or not in paid employment, having a non-supervisory position and living in a rural area were characterized by higher mean GHQ-12 scores compared to correspondent subgroups from the non-farming population.

  4. Reform the Postal Service for the 21st Century Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Connolly, Gerald E. [D-VA-11

    2011-03-30

    04/01/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  5. 39 CFR 601.104 - Postal purchasing authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS OTHER THAN PATENTS PURCHASING OF PROPERTY AND SERVICES § 601.104 Postal purchasing..., or terminating any contract regarding the acquisition of property, services, and related...

  6. Reform the Postal Service for the 21st Century Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Connolly, Gerald E. [D-VA-11

    2011-03-30

    04/01/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. Reform the Postal Service for the 21st Century Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Connolly, Gerald E. [D-VA-11

    2011-03-30

    House - 04/01/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  8. 75 FR 10843 - Special Summer Postal Rate Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-09

    ... threshold is the amount of Standard Mail for each participating company sent through the Permit(s) or Ghost... foster relationships with existing and new patrons with limited investment, and the Postal Service,...

  9. 39 CFR 3060.43 - Annual transfer from competitive products fund to Postal Service fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Annual transfer from competitive products fund to... transfer from competitive products fund to Postal Service fund. (a) The Postal Service must on an annual... Products Fund to the Postal Service Fund. (b) If the assumed taxable income from competitive products for...

  10. 76 FR 37660 - Rules of Practice Before the Postal Service Board of Contract Appeals

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-28

    ... 955 Rules of Practice Before the Postal Service Board of Contract Appeals AGENCY: Postal Service. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Postal Service is revising portions of the rules of practice before the.... Executive Summary The rules of practice in proceedings before the Postal Service Board of Contract Appeals...

  11. 39 CFR 281.2 - Action required by processing postal officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... center director of customer services at the office of mailing. The notification should include, but not... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Action required by processing postal officials. 281.2 Section 281.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION FIRM...

  12. 39 CFR 281.2 - Action required by processing postal officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... center director of customer services at the office of mailing. The notification should include, but not... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Action required by processing postal officials. 281.2 Section 281.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION FIRM...

  13. 39 CFR 281.2 - Action required by processing postal officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... center director of customer services at the office of mailing. The notification should include, but not... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Action required by processing postal officials. 281.2 Section 281.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION...

  14. 39 CFR 281.2 - Action required by processing postal officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... center director of customer services at the office of mailing. The notification should include, but not... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Action required by processing postal officials. 281.2 Section 281.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION...

  15. 39 CFR 281.2 - Action required by processing postal officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... center director of customer services at the office of mailing. The notification should include, but not... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Action required by processing postal officials. 281.2 Section 281.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION...

  16. Psychosocial work conditions, unemployment and self-reported psychological health: a population-based study.

    PubMed

    Lindström, Martin

    2005-10-01

    To investigate the association between psychosocial conditions at work, unemployment and self-reported psychological health. A cross-sectional postal questionnaire for the 2000 public health survey in Scania was administered to both working and unemployed people aged 18-64 years. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between psychosocial factors at work/unemployment and self-reported psychological health (General Health Questionnaire 12). Psychosocial conditions at work were classified according to the Karasek-Theorell demand-control/decision latitudes into relaxed, active, passive and job strain. The multivariate analyses included age, country of origin, education, economic stress and social participation. A total of 5180 people returned their questionnaire, giving a participation rate of 59%. Fifteen per cent of men and 20% of women reported poor psychological health. Those with high demands and high control (active category), those with high demands and low control (job strain category) and the unemployed had significantly higher odds ratios of poor psychological health compared to those with low demands and high control (relaxed category). Those with low demands and low control (passive category) did not differ significantly from the relaxed category. The associations remained in the multivariate analyses. The study found that certain psychosocial work factors are associated with higher levels of self-reported psychological ill-health and illustrates the great importance of psychosocial conditions in determining psychological health at the population level. As found elsewhere, being unemployed was an even stronger predictor of psychological ill-health.

  17. International questionnaire postal response rate: an experiment comparing no return postage to provision of International Postage Vouchers--"Coupon-Réponse International".

    PubMed

    Carling, Cheryl

    2004-07-06

    Previous studies of methods to increase response rates on international postal surveys did not include providing return postage. We provided International Postage Vouchers--"Coupon-Réponse International" to cover this. The objective of this study was to see if these International Postage Vouchers had an effect on response rates. Between-groups, randomized, after-only. There was no difference in response rates between the group that received International Postage Vouchers and the group that did not. (p = 0.23). International Postage Vouchers--"Coupon-Réponse International" have no effect on response rates for international postal surveys.

  18. Unemployment and psychological distress one year after childbirth in France

    PubMed Central

    Saurel-Cubizolles, M.; Romito, P.; Ancel, P.; Lelong, N.

    2000-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE—To analyse the relation between unemployment and the psychological distress of mothers one year after childbirth.
DESIGN—Multicentric survey concerning births occurring between September 1993 and July 1994.
SETTING—In France: two maternity units in the Parisian area and one in Champagne-Ardennes, in the east of France, comprising both urban and rural areas.
PARTICIPANTS—Primipara and secondipara women were interviewed three times: at birth by a face to face interview, five months and 12 months after the birth, by postal questionnaires, with a 83% response rate for the two postal questionnaires. The analysis includes 632 women who answered all three stages of the survey.
MEASUREMENTS—Psychological distress was mainly assessed one year after birth by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire.
RESULTS—After adjustment for unwanted pregnancy, marital conflicts, marital status, hospitalisation of the baby during the last year, lack of confiding relationship, depressive or anxious troubles before pregnancy, age, educational level and parity, unemployed women had an excess of psychological distress compared with employed women (OR = 1.87; 95%CI = 1.12, 3.13). The ratios for housewives were very close to those of employed women. Among the unemployed women, 60% had recently been without a job, since a few months before or after the birth. An excess of psychological distress among unemployed compared with employed women was observed in all social groups defined by the current or last occupation, but with various extents. Psychological distress was specially linked to the employment status in the group of women with the more qualified occupations.
CONCLUSION—Even after a birth, when women are very much involved in their maternal role, those seeking a job have worse mental health than those in a stable situation, either employed or housewives. In France, the unemployment rate among young women is high. It is specially important

  19. Does Psychological Safety Impact the Clinical Learning Environment for Resident Physicians? Results From the VA's Learners' Perceptions Survey.

    PubMed

    Torralba, Karina D; Loo, Lawrence K; Byrne, John M; Baz, Samuel; Cannon, Grant W; Keitz, Sheri A; Wicker, Annie B; Henley, Steven S; Kashner, T Michael

    2016-12-01

    Psychological safety (PS) is the perception that it is safe to take interpersonal risks in the work environment. In teaching hospitals, PS may influence the clinical learning environment for trainees. We assessed whether resident physicians believe they are psychologically safe, and if PS is associated with how they rate satisfaction with their clinical learning experience. Data were extracted from the Learners' Perceptions Survey (LPS) of residents who rotated through a Department of Veterans Affairs health care facility for academic years 2011-2014. Predictors of PS and its association with resident satisfaction were adjusted to account for confounding and response rate biases using generalized linear models. The 13 044 respondents who completed the LPS (30% response rate) were comparable to nonpediatric, non-obstetrics-gynecology residents enrolled in US residency programs. Among respondents, 11 599 (89%) agreed that ". . . members of the clinical team of which I was part are able to bring up problems and tough issues." Residents were more likely to report PS if they were male, were in a less complex clinical facility, in an other medicine or psychiatry specialty, or cared for patients who were aged, had multiple illnesses, or had social supports. Nonpsychiatric residents felt safer when treating patients with no concurrent mental health diagnoses. PS was strongly associated with how residents rated their satisfaction across 4 domains of their clinical learning experience (P < .001). PS appears to be an important factor in resident satisfaction across 4 domains that evaluators of graduate medical education programs should consider when assessing clinical learning experiences.

  20. Physical after-effects of colposcopy and related procedures, and their inter-relationship with psychological distress: a longitudinal survey.

    PubMed

    O'Connor, M; O'Brien, K; Waller, J; Gallagher, P; D'Arcy, T; Flannelly, G; Martin, C M; McRae, J; Prendiville, W; Ruttle, C; White, C; Pilkington, L; O'Leary, J J; Sharp, L

    2017-08-01

    To estimate prevalence of post-colposcopy physical after-effects and investigate associations between these and subsequent psychological distress. Longitudinal survey. Two hospital-based colposcopy clinics. Women with abnormal cytology who underwent colposcopy (±related procedures). Questionnaires were mailed to women 4, 8 and 12 months post-colposcopy. Details of physical after-effects (pain, bleeding and discharge) experienced post-colposcopy were collected at 4 months. Colposcopy-specific distress was measured using the Process Outcome-Specific Measure at all time-points. Linear mixed-effects regression was used to identify associations between physical after-effects and distress over 12 months, adjusting for socio-demographic and clinical variables. Prevalence of post-colposcopy physical after-effects. Associations between the presence of any physical after-effects, awareness of after-effects, and number of after-effects and distress. Five-hundred and eighty-four women were recruited (response rate = 73, 59 and 52% at 4, 8 and 12 months, respectively). Eighty-two percent of women reported one or more physical after-effect(s). Multiple physical after-effects were common (two after-effects = 25%; three after-effects = 25%). Psychological distress scores declined significantly over time. In adjusted analyses, women who experienced all three physical after-effects had on average a 4.58 (95% CI: 1.10-8.05) higher distress scored than those who experienced no after-effects. Women who were unaware of the possibility of experiencing after-effects scored significantly higher for distress during follow-up. The prevalence of physical after-effects of colposcopy and related procedures is high. The novel findings of inter-relationships between awareness of the possibility of after-effects and experiencing multiple after-effects, and post-colposcopy distress may be relevant to the development of interventions to alleviate post-colposcopy distress. Experiencing multiple