Science.gov

Sample records for rad-by-rad bit-by-bit triumph

  1. BIT BY BIT: A Game Simulating Natural Language Processing in Computers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kato, Taichi; Arakawa, Chuichi

    2008-01-01

    BIT BY BIT is an encryption game that is designed to improve students' understanding of natural language processing in computers. Participants encode clear words into binary code using an encryption key and exchange them in the game. BIT BY BIT enables participants who do not understand the concept of binary numbers to perform the process of…

  2. BIT BY BIT: A Game Simulating Natural Language Processing in Computers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kato, Taichi; Arakawa, Chuichi

    2008-01-01

    BIT BY BIT is an encryption game that is designed to improve students' understanding of natural language processing in computers. Participants encode clear words into binary code using an encryption key and exchange them in the game. BIT BY BIT enables participants who do not understand the concept of binary numbers to perform the process of…

  3. Bit-by-bit optical code scrambling technique for secure optical communication.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xu; Gao, Zhensen; Wang, Xuhua; Kataoka, Nobuyuki; Wada, Naoya

    2011-02-14

    We propose and demonstrate a novel bit-by-bit code scrambling technique based on time domain spectral phase encoding/decoding (SPE/SPD) scheme using only a single phase modulator to simultaneously generate and decode the code hopping sequence and DPSK data for secure optical communication application. In the experiment, 2.5-Gb/s DPSK data has been generated, decoded and securely transmitted over 34 km by scrambling five 8-chip, 20-Gchip/s Gold codes with prime-hop patterns. The proposed scheme can rapidly reconfigure the optical code hopping sequence bit-by-bit with the DPSK data, and thus it is very robust to conventional data rate energy detection and DPSK demodulation attack, exhibiting the potential to provide unconditional transmission security and realize even one-time pad.

  4. Rapid programmable/code-length-variable, time-domain bit-by-bit code shifting for high-speed secure optical communication.

    PubMed

    Gao, Zhensen; Dai, Bo; Wang, Xu; Kataoka, Nobuyuki; Wada, Naoya

    2011-05-01

    We propose and experimentally demonstrate a time-domain bit-by-bit code-shifting scheme that can rapidly program ultralong, code-length variable optical code by using only a dispersive element and a high-speed phase modulator for improving information security. The proposed scheme operates in the bit overlap regime and could eliminate the vulnerability of extracting the code by analyzing the fine structure of the time-domain spectral phase encoded signal. It is also intrinsically immune to eavesdropping via conventional power detection and differential-phase-shift-keying (DPSK) demodulation attacks. With this scheme, 10 Gbits/s of return-to-zero-DPSK data secured by bit-by-bit code shifting using up to 1024 chip optical code patterns have been transmitted over 49 km error free. The proposed scheme exhibits the potential for high-data-rate secure optical communication and to realize even one time pad.

  5. Quantum leaps, bit by bit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trabesinger, Andreas

    2017-03-01

    The promises of quantum computation are unique -- and so are the challenges. Progress in physics, mathematics, computer science and engineering have brought quantum computers to a point where they start to challenge their classical counterparts. By Andreas Trabesinger; illustration by Visual Science.

  6. Bit by bit: the Darwinian basis of life.

    PubMed

    Joyce, Gerald F

    2012-01-01

    All known examples of life belong to the same biology, but there is increasing enthusiasm among astronomers, astrobiologists, and synthetic biologists that other forms of life may soon be discovered or synthesized. This enthusiasm should be tempered by the fact that the probability for life to originate is not known. As a guiding principle in parsing potential examples of alternative life, one should ask: How many heritable "bits" of information are involved, and where did they come from? A genetic system that contains more bits than the number that were required to initiate its operation might reasonably be considered a new form of life.

  7. Bit by Bit: Innovating at the Periphery to Extend Harvard's Core

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laserna, Catalina; Leitner, Henry

    2008-01-01

    Faculty instructional time is a critical resource at all universities, but particularly in a major research institution like Harvard. Operating on the periphery of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard's division of Continuing Education is often at a disadvantage when attempting to recruit senior faculty. However, through its distance…

  8. Bit by bit: using design-based research to improve the health literacy of adolescents.

    PubMed

    Subramaniam, Mega; St Jean, Beth; Taylor, Natalie Greene; Kodama, Christie; Follman, Rebecca; Casciotti, Dana

    2015-05-29

    Although a low health literacy level has been found to be among the most powerful predictors of poor health outcomes, there is very little research focused on assessing and improving the health literacy skills of adolescents, particularly those from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds. The vast majority of existing research focuses solely on reading comprehension, despite the fact that health literacy is actually a multifaceted concept, which entails many different types of skills. The aim of this paper is to first mine existing literature to identify the many different skills that have been posited to constitute health literacy, and then, using this collection of skills as an overarching structure, to highlight the challenges that disadvantaged youth participating in our HackHealth after-school program encounter as they identify and articulate their health-related information needs, search for health-related information online, assess the relevance and credibility of this information, and manage and make use of it. We utilized the design-based research method to design, implement, and revise our HackHealth program. To collect data regarding HackHealth participants' health literacy skills and associated challenges, we used a variety of methods, including participant observation, surveys, interviews, focus groups, and logging of Web browser activities. We also collected data through specialized instructional activities and data collection forms that we developed for this purpose. Quantitative and qualitative techniques were used to analyze this data, as well as all of the artifacts that each student produced, including their final projects. We identified the various challenges that the 30 HackHealth participants faced in completing various health-related information activities during the course of the program. Based on these findings, we describe important implications for working with youth from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds, how to assess and improve their health literacy skills, and offer specific recommendations for health literacy instruction aimed at this population. With an increased societal focus on health and a shift from viewing patients as passive recipients of medical care to viewing them as active arbiters of their own health, today's youth need to possess an array of health literacy skills to ensure that they can live long and healthy lives. Working with adolescents to help them develop and practice these skills will also help to break the cycle between poor health literacy and poor health outcomes, thereby reducing health disparities and improving the long-term outlook for the health of our nation.

  9. Bit by Bit: Using Design-Based Research to Improve the Health Literacy of Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    St. Jean, Beth; Taylor, Natalie Greene; Kodama, Christie; Follman, Rebecca; Casciotti, Dana

    2015-01-01

    Background Although a low health literacy level has been found to be among the most powerful predictors of poor health outcomes, there is very little research focused on assessing and improving the health literacy skills of adolescents, particularly those from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds. The vast majority of existing research focuses solely on reading comprehension, despite the fact that health literacy is actually a multifaceted concept, which entails many different types of skills. Objective The aim of this paper is to first mine existing literature to identify the many different skills that have been posited to constitute health literacy, and then, using this collection of skills as an overarching structure, to highlight the challenges that disadvantaged youth participating in our HackHealth after-school program encounter as they identify and articulate their health-related information needs, search for health-related information online, assess the relevance and credibility of this information, and manage and make use of it. Methods We utilized the design-based research method to design, implement, and revise our HackHealth program. To collect data regarding HackHealth participants’ health literacy skills and associated challenges, we used a variety of methods, including participant observation, surveys, interviews, focus groups, and logging of Web browser activities. We also collected data through specialized instructional activities and data collection forms that we developed for this purpose. Quantitative and qualitative techniques were used to analyze this data, as well as all of the artifacts that each student produced, including their final projects. Results We identified the various challenges that the 30 HackHealth participants faced in completing various health-related information activities during the course of the program. Based on these findings, we describe important implications for working with youth from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds, how to assess and improve their health literacy skills, and offer specific recommendations for health literacy instruction aimed at this population. Conclusions With an increased societal focus on health and a shift from viewing patients as passive recipients of medical care to viewing them as active arbiters of their own health, today’s youth need to possess an array of health literacy skills to ensure that they can live long and healthy lives. Working with adolescents to help them develop and practice these skills will also help to break the cycle between poor health literacy and poor health outcomes, thereby reducing health disparities and improving the long-term outlook for the health of our nation. PMID:26025101

  10. We Come to Form Ourselves Bit by Bit: Educating for Citizenship in Post-Conflict Guatemala

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Beth C.

    2016-01-01

    Over the past several decades, the implementation of democratic citizenship education has become a common prescription for the civic reconstruction of post-conflict societies. Across the globe, educational changes are seen as fundamental to the creation of peaceful, tolerant, and democratic civic identities, the key to "social reconstruction,…

  11. We Come to Form Ourselves Bit by Bit: Educating for Citizenship in Post-Conflict Guatemala

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Beth C.

    2016-01-01

    Over the past several decades, the implementation of democratic citizenship education has become a common prescription for the civic reconstruction of post-conflict societies. Across the globe, educational changes are seen as fundamental to the creation of peaceful, tolerant, and democratic civic identities, the key to "social reconstruction,…

  12. Portrait Gallery Illuminates--Grant's Triumphs, Failures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Robert G., Jr.

    The 100th anniversary of Ulysses S. Grant's death was observed on July 23, 1985. The Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery featured an exhibit of Grant portraiture, which covered his life, from its humble beginnings to military and political triumphs and to failures and disappointment. The exhibit included pictures, artifacts, and momentos from…

  13. The triumph of politics over wilderness science

    Treesearch

    Craig W. Allin

    2000-01-01

    The National Wilderness Preservation System reflects the triumph of politics over science. The history of wilderness allocation has reflected political rather than scientific sensibilities. The preeminence of politics over science extends to wilderness management as well and is illustrated here by representative examples from the modern history of Yellowstone National...

  14. Teaching Arturo Ui: Triumph of Whose Will?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhiel, Mary

    1993-01-01

    Describes a unit on teaching Brecht in an introductory literature course, and suggests that students are better able to read and discuss Brecht's Hitler play if they first view and discuss Leni Riefenstahl's film Triumph of the Will. Guidelines are provided on how best to present and explore the two works with students. (LET)

  15. Teaching Arturo Ui: Triumph of Whose Will?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhiel, Mary

    1993-01-01

    Describes a unit on teaching Brecht in an introductory literature course, and suggests that students are better able to read and discuss Brecht's Hitler play if they first view and discuss Leni Riefenstahl's film Triumph of the Will. Guidelines are provided on how best to present and explore the two works with students. (LET)

  16. Trials, tribulations, and triumphs of insider researchers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McBride, S.; Tilley, E. N.; Becker, J.; Orchiston, C.; Johnston, D. M.

    2016-12-01

    Is there merit in "insider" research? An insider researcher, in the social science context, is someone who conducts their research and provides their observations and perspectives on a project, sector or disaster setting which they are intimately familiar with. One strength of insider research is the unique insights and awareness that are gained as a consequence of the experience of working within the research setting. This could also be considered the most significant criticism of insider research, one that is fraught with bias and subjectivity. So, given their potential biases, can an insider develop worthwhile research? The trials and tribulations of an insider are many. Given the insider position, traditional observer empirical research is not ideal, so this research necessitates exploring different research theoretical perspectives, including the use of critical theory and constructivism. Constructivism-based research permits the researcher to use their unique perspectives and knowledge to `construct' knowledge through their research. However, using constructivist theoretical perspectives and methods may be a complex and challenging endeavor for those better acquainted with empirical methods. Further, ethical restrictions can create further complexities to insider research. Compounding the complexities of methodologies and theoretical perspective, an insiders' perspective can be difficult to manage, given their embedded viewpoint, and may include professional and emotional risks for the researcher. Given its many challenges, insider research is not a frequent pathway of academic examination, particularly in emergency management and natural hazards research. Triumphs of insider research endeavors become clear once ways to address methodological and ethical issues are resolved. I will explore these solutions in my presentation. Further, insider researchers laid the foundation for the contemporary emergency management discipline but this research has been largely

  17. Oedipus and the sphinx: triumph and catastrophe.

    PubMed

    Palombo, S R

    1994-01-01

    The downfall of Oedipus in Sophocles' most famous play, Oedipus Tyrannus, is the reversal of his triumphant entry into the city of Thebes 17 years earlier. The oracle at Delphi has told the Thebans that the plague will end only when the murderer of Laius is identified and punished. The unconscious collusion between Oedipus and the Thebans to ignore the unsolved murder breaks down. Told by Teiresias that he is the culprit, Oedipus begins a desperate effort to find evidence to refute this accusation. When other witnesses come forward, his cause is lost. The effect of Oedipus's collusive interaction with the Thebans is balanced in Sophocles' account by the story of the riddle of the Sphinx. The Sphinx is a goddess of discontinuity. She represents the unconscious forces at work both in Oedipus's personal fantasies and in the collective fantasies of the Thebans. The tragedy results from the interaction of these fantasies in the government of the polis. Sophocles' play thus exemplifies the intricate intertwining of the child's innate wishes and the reaction they evoke from the environment during the oedipal period. The neurotic patient's illusion of sexual triumph over his or her father or mother as a child can be best understood through the interaction of these factors.

  18. Bit by Bit or All at Once? Splitting up the Inquiry Task to Promote Children's Scientific Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazonder, Ard W.; Kamp, Ellen

    2012-01-01

    This study examined whether and why assigning children to a segmented inquiry task makes their investigations more productive. Sixty-one upper elementary-school pupils engaged in a simulation-based inquiry assignment either received a multivariable inquiry task (n = 21), a segmented version of this task that addressed the variables in successive…

  19. Bit by Bit: A Series of Trends, Tools, and Initiatives Are Aimed at Improving Electronic Resource Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Electronic resources are more prominent than ever in library collections, yet they resist easy management. A range of tools and cooperative efforts are emerging to improve the management and evaluation of electronic resources. Initiatives are underway to standardize and automate the harvesting of usage statistics and e-journal title and holdings…

  20. Training in Urban Medicine and Public Health: TRIUMPH.

    PubMed

    Haq, Cynthia; Stearns, Marjorie; Brill, John; Crouse, Byron; Foertsch, Julie; Knox, Kjersti; Stearns, Jeffrey; Skochelak, Susan; Golden, Robert N

    2013-03-01

    The number of U.S. medical school graduates who choose to practice in health professional shortage areas (HPSAs) has not kept pace with the needs of society. The University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health has created a new program that prepares medical students to reduce health disparities for urban medically underserved populations in Milwaukee. The authors describe the Training in Urban Medicine and Public Health (TRIUMPH) program and provide early, short-term outcomes. TRIUMPH integrates urban clinical training, community and public health curricula, longitudinal community and public health projects, mentoring, and peer support for select third- and fourth-year medical students. The authors tracked and held focus groups with program participants to assess their knowledge, skills, satisfaction, confidence, and residency matches. The authors surveyed community partners to assess their satisfaction with students and the program. From 2009 to 2012, 53 students enrolled in the program, and 45 have conducted projects with community organizations. Participants increased their knowledge, skills, confidence, and commitment to work with urban medically underserved populations. Compared with local peers, TRIUMPH graduates were more likely to select primary care specialties and residency programs serving urban underserved populations. Community leaders have reported high levels of satisfaction and benefits; their interest in hosting students exceeds program capacity. Early, short-term outcomes confirm that TRIUMPH is achieving its desired goals: attracting and preparing medical students to work with urban underserved communities. The program serves as a model to prepare physicians to meet the needs of urban HPSAs.

  1. 8. VIEW OF 'TRIUMPH' CORN SHELLER (C. O. Bartlett & ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. VIEW OF 'TRIUMPH' CORN SHELLER (C. O. Bartlett & Snow Co., Cleveland), LOCATED IN THE BASEMENT, USED TO REMOVE CORN KENNELS FROM THE COB. Photographer: Louise Taft Cawood, July 1986 - Alexander's Grist Mill, Lock 37 on Ohio & Erie Canal, South of Cleveland, Valley View, Cuyahoga County, OH

  2. The Pitfalls and Triumphs of Launching a Charter School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Linda; Levine, Mark

    1996-01-01

    A principal of a charter school in Colorado Springs, Colorado, recounts the triumphs and pitfalls of the school's first year. The school charter lacked a clear-cut avenue for making changes. Intending to create a parent-run school, the founding board (themselves parents) made drastic curricular changes without consulting other parents. Passionate…

  3. Lifestyle Modification for Resistant Hypertension: The TRIUMPH Randomized Clinical Trial

    PubMed Central

    Blumenthal, James A.; Sherwood, Andrew; Smith, Patrick J.; Mabe, Stephanie; Watkins, Lana; Lin, Pao-Hwa; Craighead, Linda W.; Babyak, Michael; Tyson, Crystal; Young, Kenlyn; Ashworth, Megan; Kraus, William; Liao, Lawrence; Hinderliter, Alan

    2015-01-01

    Background Resistant hypertension (RH) is a growing health burden in this country affecting as many as one in five adults being treated for hypertension. RH is associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality. Strategies to reduce blood pressure in this high risk population are a national priority. Methods TRIUMPH is a single site, prospective, randomized clinical trial (RCT) to evaluate the efficacy of a center-based lifestyle intervention consisting of exercise training, reduced sodium and calorie DASH eating plan, and weight management compared to standardized education and physician advice in treating patients with RH. Patients (N=150) will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive either a 4-month supervised lifestyle intervention delivered in the setting of a cardiac rehabilitation center or to a standardized behavioral counseling session to simulate real-world medical practice. The primary end point is clinic blood pressure; secondary endpoints include ambulatory blood pressure and an array of CVD biomarkers including left ventricular hypertrophy, arterial stiffness, baroreceptor reflex sensitivity, insulin resistance, lipids, sympathetic nervous system activity, and inflammatory markers. Lifestyle habits, blood pressure and CVD risk factors also will be measured at one year follow-up. Conclusions The TRIUMPH randomized clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02342808) is designed to test the efficacy of an intensive, center-based lifestyle intervention compared to a standardized education and physician advice counseling session on blood presssure and CVD biomarkers in patients with RH after 4 months of treatment, and will determine whether lifestyle changes can be maintained for a year. PMID:26542509

  4. Under severe citrus canker and HLB (Huanglongbing) pressure, Triumph and Jackson perform better than Flame and Marsh grapefruit

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Huanglongbing (HLB) and Citrus Canker (CC) threaten the viability of Florida grapefruit production. Triumph (T), reportedly a grapefruit/sweet orange hybrid, is similar to seedy white grapefruit with earlier maturity and lower bitterness. Jackson (J) is a low-seeded budsport of Triumph. Tree health ...

  5. Journey through the Trials and Triumphs of Disability

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    One Woman’s journey through the Trials and Triumphs of Disability, Disabled Peoples International 8th World Assembly 2011 Durban, South Africa, October 10–13, 2011. When embarking on my career as a teacher at a special school in South Africa, I never thought that a motor vehicle accident would place me in the position where my learners with disabilities suddenly saw me as an ally. Little did I realise the chasm that exists between able-bodied people and people with disabilities, or the remarkable role I would find myself in whilst actively addressing disability and Inclusive Education issues. My experiences with disability in South Africa drew encouraging attention from delegates at the Disabled People’s International 8th World Assembly when I shared my story. The resounding positive response affirmed that my experiences are not unique to nationality, gender, race or age, and are typical of the time and country in which I live, where people with disabilities are considered to have little potential, and woman with disabilities are further marginalised. In the infancy of our democracy, we are still in the early days of attending to equity amongst all South Africans. This story comprises both a narrative and a graphic presentation which run parallel, although not always telling an identical story; they complement one another and should be experienced simultaneously. Ultimately, it relates the success that can be achieved by pro-active people with disabilities as members of the South African society within their own spheres of knowledge and skill to change attitudes and practices of people without disabilities in education and local communities. PMID:28729976

  6. "Triumph of the Will": A Limit Case for Effective-Historical Consciousness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartzman, Roy

    A film presented as factual may permit critical responses that question its purported factual objectivity and political neutrality. In class, Hans-Georg Gadamer's concept of effective-historical consciousness can be used to evaluate the allegedly propagandistic messages in Leni Riefenstahl's "Triumph of the Will." Analysis of this 1934…

  7. 77 FR 2278 - Intent To Grant an Exclusive License for a U.S. Army Owned Invention to Triumph Actuation Systems...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Army Intent To Grant an Exclusive License for a U.S. Army Owned Invention to Triumph... to Triumph Actuation Systems--Connecticut, LLC, of Bloomfield, CT in U.S. patent 7,228,779,...

  8. Tapered triumph

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2009-01-01

    German company M2K Laser was the first in the world to successfully commercialize tapered diode lasers, and is currently the only one making gallium antimonide devices. The company's managing director speaks to Nadya Anscombe about its strategy and future.

  9. Case Studies in Context: A Review of Triumphs in Early Autism Treatment, edited by Ennio Cipani

    PubMed Central

    Ingvarsson, Einar T

    2009-01-01

    Triumphs in Early Autism Treatment, edited by Ennio Cipani, describes seven “best-outcome” case studies of early and intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for children with autism, demonstrating the challenges that occur during various stages of treatment. The children whose stories are told in the book achieved normal functioning and lost their diagnosis of autism. Although outcomes are not this dramatic for all children, the book nevertheless serves a useful purpose in drawing attention to the favorable outcomes that some children may reach through EIBI. The book also contains accessible chapters describing the history of behavior analytic interventions for autism, and an overview of the published outcome research that forms part of the evidence base for EIBI.

  10. The Trial Using Motivational Interviewing and Positive Affect and Self-Affirmation in African-Americans with Hypertension (TRIUMPH): from theory to clinical trial implementation.

    PubMed

    Boutin-Foster, Carla; Scott, Ebony; Rodriguez, Anna; Ramos, Rosio; Kanna, Balavenkatesh; Michelen, Walid; Charlson, Mary; Ogedegbe, Gbenga

    2013-05-01

    This paper describes the application of a translational research model in developing The Trial Using Motivational Interviewing and Positive Affect and Self-Affirmation in African-Americans with Hypertension (TRIUMPH), a theoretically-based, randomized controlled trial. TRIUMPH targets blood pressure control among African-Americans with hypertension in a community health center and public hospital setting. TRIUMPH applies positive affect, self-affirmation, and motivational interviewing as strategies to increase medication adherence and blood pressure control. A total of 220 participants were recruited in TRIUMPH and are currently being followed. This paper provides a detailed description of the theoretical framework and study design of TRIUMPH and concludes with a critical reflection of the lessons learned in the process of implementing a health behavior intervention in a community-based setting. TRIUMPH provides a model for incorporating the translational science research paradigm to conducting pragmatic behavioral trials in a real-world setting in a vulnerable population. Lessons learned through interactions with our community partners reinforce the value of community engagement in research.

  11. Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction--Triumph: design and implementation.

    PubMed

    Chapple, C R

    2001-01-01

    Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) are likely to become an increasing burden for health care budgets in the future due to the high prevalence of this condition in the elderly and the ageing of the population. Data on the cost-effectiveness of the available treatment options in order to promote rational management will therefore be crucial. As this information is currently largely lacking, the European Association of Urology (EAU) has endorsed the formation of a Pan-European Expert Panel that has developed the Triumph (TransEuropean Research Into the Use of Management Policies for LUTS suggestive of BPH in Primary Healthcare) project. The Triumph project will evaluate how LUTS suggestive of BPO is currently managed in real life practice in initially 6 European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain and the UK) and how this condition progresses over time in relation to an initial treatment choice. In other words, how many patients remain on their initial therapy, how many switch to another therapy (including surgery) and within which time frame and how many develop serious complications related to BPO such as acute urinary retention. The clinical data will be retrieved from continuous analysis of large computer-based patient files such as the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) in the UK and the Integrated Primary Care Information (IPCI) database in The Netherlands. Furthermore, a cross-sectional, observational survey will gather similar data in a prospective fashion for at least 1 year from approximately 13,000 patients managed by more than 1,000 primary care physicians in all 6 countries. Both newly diagnosed (around 7,500) and existing (around 5,500) LUTS patients will be enrolled. For the existing patients in whom the diagnosis was made in the past (from January 1997 onwards), the relevant retrospective data (up to 3.5 years) on disease progression will also be collected. Finally, the costs

  12. Metal-on-metal surface replacement: a triumph of hope over reason: opposes.

    PubMed

    Su, Edwin P; Su, Sherwin L

    2011-09-09

    Hip resurfacing has been performed for over a decade but still raises controversy as an alternative to traditional total hip arthroplasty (THA). Concerns exist about the potential complications of hip resurfacing, including femoral neck fracture and osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Recently, attention has been given to the metal-on-metal bearing of hip resurfacing with regard to production of metal ions, possible tissue necrosis, and rare instances of metal hypersensitivity. Given the success of the gold-standard THA, it is understandable why some surgeons believe metal-on-metal surface replacement to be "a triumph of hope over reason." However, this article opposes that viewpoint, demonstrating that data exist to justify the practice of preserving bone in younger patients. Hip resurfacing can maintain femoral bone without the expense of removing additional acetabular bone by using modern implants with incremental sizing. Furthermore, many of the problems cited with the bearing couple (such as excess metal production) have been due to poor implant designs, which have now been removed from the market. Finally, we now realize that the metal-on-metal articulation is more sensitive to malposition; thus, good surgical technique and experience can solve many of the problems that have been cited in the past. National registry results confirm that in a select population, hip resurfacing performs comparably to THA, while fulfilling the goal of bone preservation.

  13. The response to the trench diseases in World War I: a triumph of public health science.

    PubMed

    Atenstaedt, R L

    2007-08-01

    The recent 90-year anniversary of the Battle of the Somme presents an opportunity to examine the public health response to the trench diseases, new conditions which arose in the trenches of World War I. Throughout history, there have been two views of epidemic disease: the configurationist and contagionist perspectives. Most doctors responding to the trench diseases, 'contingent-contagionists', combined these two conceptions of disease. Because of the difficulty of finding a causative organism and the absence of effective treatment, the majority view became that these conditions were a product of the trench environment. Configurationism, with its emphasis on environmental and social determinants, seemed to provide the most obvious approaches for tackling the trench diseases. The diseases were effectively controlled using the tools of public health science: sanitary discipline and a battery of measures, such as improving trench construction, improving the diet, providing protective kit, regular bathing and treating lice infestation. The response demonstrates the triumph of public health science over new medical technologies. It also illustrates the importance of considering all the many determinants of health and of close surveillance, discipline and partnership working to counter ill-health. Although technology, training, doctrine and health beliefs change over time, the interaction between disease and environment remains the core challenge to public health practitioners.

  14. Depression Treatment and 1-Year Mortality Following Acute Myocardial Infarction: Insights from the TRIUMPH Registry.

    PubMed

    Smolderen, Kim G; Buchanan, Donna M; Gosch, Kensey; Whooley, Mary A; Chan, Paul S; Vaccarino, Viola; Parashar, Susmita; Shah, Amit J; Ho, P Michael; Spertus, John A

    2017-02-16

    Background -Depression among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is prevalent and associated with an adverse quality of life and prognosis. Despite recommendations from some national organizations to screen for depression, it is unclear whether treatment of depression in patients with AMI is associated with better outcomes. We aimed to determine whether prognosis of patients with treated vs. untreated depression differs. Methods -The TRIUMPH study is an observational multi-center cohort study that enrolled 4,062 patients aged ≥18 years with AMI between April 11, 2005 and December 31, 2008 from 24 US hospitals. Research coordinators administered the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) during the index AMI admission. Depression was defined by a PHQ-9 score of ≥10. Depression was categorized as 'treated' if there was documentation of a discharge diagnosis, medication prescribed for depression, or referral for counseling, and as 'untreated' if none of these three criteria were documented in the medical records despite a PHQ score ≥10. One-year mortality was compared between patients with AMI having: (1) no depression (PHQ-9 <10; reference); (2) treated depression; and (3) untreated depression adjusting for demographics, AMI severity, and clinical factors. Results -Overall, 759 (18.7%) patients met PHQ-9 criteria for depression and 231 (30.4%) were treated. Compared with 3303 patients without depression, the 231 patients with treated depression had 1-year mortality rates that were not different (6.1% vs. 6.7%, adjusted HR=1.12, 95% CI: 0.63-1.99). In contrast, the 528 patients with untreated depression had higher 1-year mortality when compared with patients without depression (10.8% vs. 6.1%, adjusted HR=1.91, 95%CI 1.39-2.62). Conclusions -Although depression in patients with AMI is associated with increased long-term mortality, this association may be confined to patients with untreated and untreated depression.

  15. "I Was Proud of Myself That I Didn't Give up and I Did It": Experiences of Pride and Triumph in Learning Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellocchi, Alberto; Ritchie, Stephen M.

    2015-01-01

    The role that specific emotions, such as pride and triumph, play during instruction in science education is an under researched field of study. Emotions are recognized as central to learning yet little is known about the way in which they are produced in naturalistic settings, how emotions relate to classroom learning during interactions, and what…

  16. "I Was Proud of Myself That I Didn't Give up and I Did It": Experiences of Pride and Triumph in Learning Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellocchi, Alberto; Ritchie, Stephen M.

    2015-01-01

    The role that specific emotions, such as pride and triumph, play during instruction in science education is an under researched field of study. Emotions are recognized as central to learning yet little is known about the way in which they are produced in naturalistic settings, how emotions relate to classroom learning during interactions, and what…

  17. Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction--Triumph: the role of general practice databases.

    PubMed

    Logie, J W; Clifford, G M; Farmer, R D; Meesen, B P

    2001-01-01

    The Triumph project aims to document the current management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in general practice and to assess the effectiveness of the initial treatment options used. The first phase of the project will consider existing data sources in primary care. A patient's medical record will contain most, if not all, clinically relevant information, and databases combining the records from a network of computerised general practices can provide longitudinal data for complete populations, linking prescribing records to clinical information on disease progression and outcomes for individual patients. Database research can provide rapid information and offers the ability to conduct studies on a scale that would previously have been prohibited by both time and expense. Within the Triumph project, the THALES, General Practice Research Database (GPRD) and Integrated Primary Care Information (IPCI) databases are, or will be, used to examine the current management of LUTS/BPH in France, the UK and the Netherlands respectively. Preliminary results from the UK General Practice Research Database (GPRD) showed that LUTS/BPH incidence increased linearly from the ages of 45 to 85 years (r(2) = 0.992) and prevalence increased from 3.5% to 35% for men in their late 40s and 80s respectively. With treatment failure defined as a change to another medical therapy, catheterisation or prostatic surgery, and accounting for age and year variation, patients receiving the older alpha(1)-blockers (indoramin and prazosin) appeared to fail significantly earlier than those receiving finasteride. There was no significant difference between finasteride and the newer alpha(1)-blockers (tamsulosin, alfuzosin, terazosin and doxazosin). Patterns of changes between products from the THALES database in France were broadly similar to those seen in the UK.

  18. The triumph and decline of the "squares": Grumman Aerospace engineers and production workers in the Apollo era, 1957--1973

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onkst, David Hugh

    This dissertation is a social, cultural, and economic history of the men and women of the Grumman Aerospace Company of Bethpage, New York from 1957 through 1973. These "Grummanites" were the engineers and production workers who designed and built the Apollo Lunar Modules that allowed humans to land on the Moon. This study provides unique insights into the impact that the Apollo Program---a large state-initiated and -supported program---had on those "squares," people whom many contemporaries saw as a vital part of mainstream 1960s American society. By the beginning of the Space Age in 1957, Grumman, Long Island's single largest employer, had firmly established a workplace culture of paternalism that Grummanites largely embraced. Company officials believed strongly in worker retention and had established a policy of providing every sort of benefit their employees seemingly desired, including a highly personal and participatory form of management. Many Grummanites had joined the firm during the early years of the Apollo Program because they believed in the promise of permanent employment on exciting projects that would explore the endless frontier of space. But, as many of these mainly self-reliant, individualistic "squares" would bitterly discover, their dedication to Grumman did little to secure their livelihoods during the aerospace industry's early 1970s downsizing; their individual successes were too largely tied to federal spending and declined when Americans grew disenchanted with space exploration. This dissertation demonstrates how the cultural bond of paternalism between aerospace workers and their company unraveled in the 1960s, and then ended in the early 1970s, because of forces within the company, the economy, and the American state. The word "triumph" in this study's title not only applies to Grummanites' triumphs with the Lunar Modules, but also their individual socioeconomic victories. The term "decline" refers to the early 1970s downsizing of more

  19. Utility of a Genetic Risk Score to Predict Recurrent Cardiovascular Events 1 Year After an Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Pooled Analysis of the RISCA, PRAXY, and TRIUMPH Cohorts

    PubMed Central

    Labos, Christopher; Martinez, Sara C.; Leo Wang, Rui Hao; Lenzini, Petra A.; Pilote, Louise; Bogaty, Peter; Brophy, James M.; Engert, James C.; Cresci, Sharon; Thanassoulis, George

    2015-01-01

    Background Limited evidence exists regarding the utility of genetic risk scores (GRS) in predicting recurrent cardiovascular events after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We sought to determine whether a GRS would predict early recurrent cardiovascular events within 1 year of ACS. Methods & Results Participants admitted with acute coronary syndromes from the RISCA, PRAXY, and TRIUMPH cohorts, were genotyped for 30 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) or myocardial infarction (MI) in prior genome wide association studies. A 30 SNP CAD/MI GRS was constructed. The primary endpoint was defined as all-cause mortality, recurrent ACS or cardiac re-hospitalization within 1 year of ACS admission. Results across all cohorts for the 30 SNP CAD/MI GRS were pooled using a random-effects model. There were 1040 patients from the RISCA cohort, 691 patients from the PRAXY cohort, and 1772 patients from the TRIUMPH cohort included in the analysis and 389 occurrences of the primary endpoint of recurrent events at 1-year post-ACS. In unadjusted and fully adjusted analyses, a 30 SNP GRS was not significantly associated with recurrent events (HR per allele 0.97 (95%CI 0.91–1.03) for RISCA, HR 0.99 (95%CI 0.93–1.05) for PRAXY, 0.98 (95%CI 0.94–1.02) for TRIUMPH, and 0.98 (95%CI 0.95–1.01) for the pooled analysis). Addition of this GRS to the GRACE risk model did not significantly improve risk prediction. Conclusion The 30 MI SNP GRS was not associated with recurrent events 1-year post ACS in pooled analyses across cohorts and did not improve risk discrimination or reclassification indices. Our results suggest that the genetic etiology of early events post-ACS may differ from later events. PMID:26232166

  20. Utility of a genetic risk score to predict recurrent cardiovascular events 1 year after an acute coronary syndrome: A pooled analysis of the RISCA, PRAXY, and TRIUMPH cohorts.

    PubMed

    Labos, Christopher; Martinez, Sara C; Leo Wang, Rui Hao; Lenzini, Petra A; Pilote, Louise; Bogaty, Peter; Brophy, James M; Engert, James C; Cresci, Sharon; Thanassoulis, George

    2015-09-01

    Limited evidence exists regarding the utility of genetic risk scores (GRS) in predicting recurrent cardiovascular events after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We sought to determine whether a GRS would predict early recurrent cardiovascular events within 1 year of ACS. Participants admitted with acute coronary syndromes from the RISCA, PRAXY, and TRIUMPH cohorts, were genotyped for 30 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) or myocardial infarction (MI) in prior genome wide association studies. A 30 SNP CAD/MI GRS was constructed. The primary endpoint was defined as all-cause mortality, recurrent ACS or cardiac re-hospitalization within 1 year of ACS admission. Results across all cohorts for the 30 SNP CAD/MI GRS were pooled using a random-effects model. There were 1040 patients from the RISCA cohort, 691 patients from the PRAXY cohort, and 1772 patients from the TRIUMPH cohort included in the analysis and 389 occurrences of the primary endpoint of recurrent events at 1-year post-ACS. In unadjusted and fully adjusted analyses, a 30 SNP GRS was not significantly associated with recurrent events (HR per allele 0.97 (95%CI 0.91-1.03) for RISCA, HR 0.99 (95%CI 0.93-1.05) for PRAXY, 0.98 (95%CI 0.94-1.02) for TRIUMPH, and 0.98 (95%CI 0.95-1.01) for the pooled analysis). Addition of this GRS to the GRACE risk model did not significantly improve risk prediction. The 30 MI SNP GRS was not associated with recurrent events 1-year post ACS in pooled analyses across cohorts and did not improve risk discrimination or reclassification indices. Our results suggest that the genetic etiology of early events post-ACS may differ from later events. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. 2015 Philip S. Portoghese Medicinal Chemistry Lectureship. Curing Hepatitis C Virus Infection with Direct-Acting Antiviral Agents: The Arc of a Medicinal Chemistry Triumph.

    PubMed

    Meanwell, Nicholas A

    2016-08-25

    The development of direct-acting antiviral agents that can cure a chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection after 8-12 weeks of daily, well-tolerated therapy has revolutionized the treatment of this insidious disease. In this article, three of Bristol-Myers Squibb's HCV programs are summarized, each of which produced a clinical candidate: the NS3 protease inhibitor asunaprevir (64), marketed as Sunvepra, the NS5A replication complex inhibitor daclatasvir (117), marketed as Daklinza, and the allosteric NS5B polymerase inhibitor beclabuvir (142), which is in late stage clinical studies. A clinical study with 64 and 117 established for the first time that a chronic HCV infection could be cured by treatment with direct-acting antiviral agents alone in the absence of interferon. The development of small molecule HCV therapeutics, designed by medicinal chemists, has been hailed as "the arc of a medical triumph" but may equally well be described as "the arc of a medicinal chemistry triumph".

  2. Effect of particle size on phytochemical composition and antioxidant properties of two persimmon flours from Diospyros kaki Thunb. vars. 'Rojo Brillante' and 'Triumph' co-products.

    PubMed

    Lucas-González, Raquel; Fernández-López, Juana; Pérez-Álvarez, José Ángel; Viuda-Martos, Manuel

    2017-06-14

    This contribution studies the influence of the particle size of persimmon flours (from two cultivars, 'Rojo Brillante' and 'Triumph') on their primary (sugars and organic acids) and secondary (polyphenols, flavonoids and carotenoids) metabolite content, and also on their antioxidant activity, to assess whether these flours could find applications in the food industry as a potential functional ingredient. The main sugars were fructose and glucose and the principal organic acid was malic acid. The highest content of total phenols, flavonoids and carotenoids was found in flour fractions from cv. 'Rojo Brillante'. The phenol profile determined by HPLC identified six phenolic compounds in both persimmon flours, the most abundant being gallic acid. The greatest ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging capacity and ferric reducing power were found in flour fractions from cv. 'Rojo Brillante'. Although the influence of particle size on all these properties was not always evident, in general, the higher bioactive compound content and antioxidant capacity were in the finest particles. Co-products from cvs. 'Rojo Brillante' and 'Triumph' persimmon juice extraction can be processed to obtain flours rich in sugars, organic acids and bioactive compounds, suggesting their possible use as a functional ingredient (with antioxidant properties) in different food products. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.

  3. Remnant Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Mortality after Acute Myocardial Infarction: Further Evidence for a Hypercholesterolemia Paradox from the TRIUMPH Registry

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Seth S.; Faridi, Kamil F.; Joshi, Parag H.; Blaha, Michael J.; Kulkarni, Krishnaji R.; Khokhar, Arif A.; Maddox, Thomas M.; Havranek, Edward P.; Toth, Peter P.; Tang, Fengming; Spertus, John A.; Jones, Steven R.

    2015-01-01

    Background Remnants are partially-hydrolyzed, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins that, like other apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins, are atherogenic. Prior observational studies suggest paradoxically better outcomes in hypercholesterolemic patients who sustain an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), one of several known recurrent risk paradoxes. To date, the association of directly-measured remnant lipoprotein cholesterol (RLP-C) with survival has not been examined after an AMI. Methods We examined 2,465 AMI survivors in TRIUMPH, a prospective, 24-center US study of AMI outcomes. Lipoprotein cholesterol subfractions were directly measured by ultracentrifugation. RLP-C was defined as IDL-C+VLDL3-C. Given a linear relationship between RLP-C and mortality, we examined RLP-C by tertiles and continuously. Cox regression hazard ratios were adjusted for the GRACE score and 23 other co-variates. Results Participants were 58±12 years old (mean±SD) and 68% were men. After 2 years of follow-up, 226 (9%) participants died. The mortality proportion was 12.4% in the lowest tertile of RLP-C (0–15 mg/dL), 8.5% in the middle tertile (16–23 mg/dL), and 6.8% in the highest tertile (24–120 mg/dL) (p<0.001). A one SD increase in RLP-C (11 mg/dL) predicted a 24% lower adjusted risk of 2-year mortality (HR, 0.76; 95% CI 0.64–0.91). Similar results were found for a one SD increase in IDL-C (HR per 8 mg/dL, 0.80; 0.67–0.96), VLDL3-C (HR per 4 mg/dL, 0.74; 0.61–0.89), and VLDL-C (HR per 8 mg/dL, 0.69; 0.55–0.85). Conclusion In conclusion, higher RLP-C levels were associated with lower mortality 2 years after AMI despite rigorous adjustment for known confounders. Unknown protective factors, or a lead-time bias, likely explain the paradox. PMID:26459191

  4. A randomized crossover-design study to investigate the plaque removal efficacy of two power toothbrushes: Philips Sonicare Flexcare and Oral-B Triumph.

    PubMed

    Putt, Mark S; Milleman, Jeffery L; Jenkins, Wendy; Schmitt, Paul; Master, Aditi S; Strate, Joerg

    2008-01-01

    The Sonicare FlexCare and the Oral-B Triumph Professional Care 9000 power toothbrushes were compared in a single-use, examiner-masked, crossover clinical trial. Outcomes were evaluated using the Turesky Modified Quigley-Hein (TMQH) plaque index. Percent reduction in overall plaque score because of toothbrushing was the primary efficacy measure. Subjects were required to have a TMQH score > or = 1.8 at screening after refraining from oral hygiene for 24 hours. The study included three visits. At visit 1, subjects were randomized to one of two treatment sequences, given their first toothbrush and toothpaste, and instructed to use them twice daily for 2 minutes during a 1-week familiarization phase. Before visit 2, subjects again refrained from oral hygiene for 24 hours. At this visit, plaque scores were assessed before and after a 2-minute supervised brushing episode, then the second test product was issued. Familiarization, plaque accumulation, and clinical examinations were the same for both product use periods. Data were analyzed using a linear mixed effects model with subject as a grouping factor. Treatment effects were expressed as mean values and the appropriate 95% confidence intervals (CI). Ninety-six subjects were screened with 93 subjects completing the study. The sample's TMQH score at Visit 1 was 3.18 +/- 0.42 (mean +/- standard deviation [SD]). Full-mouth prebrushing plaque scores were 2.85 +/- 0.49 for FlexCare and 2.94 +/- 0.45 for Triumph. Respective full-mouth reductions in overall plaque score were 38.02% +/- 15.14% and 30.43% +/- 14.05%. The estimated treatment effect, expressed as difference between FlexCare and Triumph in percent plaque index reduction, was 7.59% with a 95% CI from 4.79% to 10.40%. Similar differences were observed for all subregions, including anterior, posterior, interproximal, and interproximal posterior sites. The same protocol design was used at an earlier study in another center. The combined overall treatment effect from

  5. Data Triumph at C.

    PubMed

    Levine, Mark; Violet, Pierre-Christian

    2017-04-10

    Despite historical controversy, pharmacologic ascorbate is emerging as promising cancer therapy via pro-oxidant chemistry. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Schoenfeld et al. describe how intracellular iron pools and reactive oxygen species drive pharmacologic ascorbate's selective toxicity to cancer cells in vitro, in mice, and in humans.

  6. Triumph in Tough Times

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponder, Anne

    2009-01-01

    The downturn in the economy of the author's state, North Carolina, so far is less severe than that of much of the rest of the nation, due to their diversified economy, financial discipline, constitutional mandate for a balanced budget, "rainy day" fund, and many years of consistent investment in higher education. In the University of…

  7. Triumph of the trolley.

    PubMed

    Pearce, Lynne

    Concerned about knee and back injuries, community nurse Linda Harris designed a footbath trolley that allows her to care for patients with leg ulcers without putting herself at risk. Thanks to the height-adjustable trolley, she no longer has to kneel on the floor to wash patients' feet at her leg ulcer clinic.

  8. Reason, Purpose & Triumph

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Lincoln

    2010-01-01

    In this article, part of the Why I Teach essay series, the author shares how he developed his love for teaching and the failures and successes he experienced as a teacher. He used to hate teachers but everything changed when he entered college. He took general education classes and began to notice the difference between the great teachers and the…

  9. Nigeria's Triumph: Dracunculiasis Eradicated

    PubMed Central

    Miri, Emmanuel S.; Hopkins, Donald R.; Ruiz-Tiben, Ernesto; Keana, Adamu S.; Withers, P. Craig; Anagbogu, Ifeoma N.; Sadiq, Lola K.; Kale, Oladele O.; Edungbola, Luke D.; Braide, Eka I.; Ologe, Joshua O.; Ityonzughul, Cephas

    2010-01-01

    This report describes how Nigeria, a country that at one time had the highest number of cases of dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) in the world, reduced the number of cases from more than 653,000 in 1988 to zero in 2009, despite numerous challenges. Village-based volunteers formed the foundation of the program, which used health education, cloth filters, vector control, advocacy for safe water, voluntary isolation of patients, and monitored program interventions and cases reported monthly. Other factors in the program's success were strong governmental support, advocacy by a former head of state of Nigeria, technical and financial assistance by The Carter Center, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United Nations Children's Fund, the World Health Organization, and many other partners and donors. The estimated cost of the Nigerian program during 1988–2009 is $37.5 million, not including funding for water supply projects or salaries of Nigerian governmental workers. PMID:20682859

  10. Protocol for a multicentre study to assess feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness and direct costs of TRIumPH (Treatment and Recovery In PsycHosis): integrated care pathway for psychosis

    PubMed Central

    Rathod, Shanaya; Garner, Christie; Griffiths, Alison; Dimitrov, Borislav D; Newman-Taylor, Katherine; Woodfine, Chris; Hansen, Lars; Tabraham, Paul; Ward, Karen; Asher, Carolyn; Phiri, Peter; Naeem, Farooq; North, Pippa; Munshi, Tariq; Kingdon, David

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Duration of untreated psychosis (time between the onset of symptoms and start of treatment) is considered the strongest predictor of symptom severity and outcome. Integrated care pathways that prescribe timeframes around access and interventions can potentially improve quality of care. Methods and analysis A multicentre mixed methods study to assess feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness and analysis of direct costs of an integrated care pathway for psychosis. A pragmatic, non-randomised, controlled trial design is used to compare the impact of Treatment and Recovery In PsycHosis (TRIumPH; Intervention) by comparison between NHS organisations that adopt TRIumPH and those that continue with care as usual (Control). Quantitative and qualitative methods will be used. We will use routinely collected quantitative data and study-specific questionnaires and focus groups to compare service user outcomes, satisfaction and adherence to intervention between sites that adopt TRIumPH versus sites that continue with usual care pathways. Setting 4 UK Mental health organisations. Two will implement TRIumPH whereas two will continue care as usual. Participants Staff, carers, individuals accepted to early intervention in psychosis teams in participating organisations for the study period. Intervention TRIumPH—Integrated Care Pathway for psychosis that has a holistic approach and prescribes time frames against interventions; developed using intelligence from data; co-produced with patients, carers, clinicians and other stakeholders. Outcomes Feasibility will be assessed through adherence to the process measures. Satisfaction and acceptability will be assessed using questionnaires and focus groups. Effectiveness will be assessed through data collection and evaluation of patient outcomes, including clinical, functional and recovery outcomes, physical health, acute care use. Outcome measures will be assessed at baseline, 12 and 24 months to measure whether there is

  11. News Particle Physics: ATLAS unveils mural at CERN Prize: Corti Trust invites essay entries Astrophysics: CERN holds cosmic-ray conference Researchers in Residence: Lord Winston returns to school Music: ATLAS scientists record physics music Conference: Champagne flows at Reims event Competition: Students triumph at physics olympiad Teaching: Physics proves popular in Japanese schools Forthcoming Events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-01-01

    Particle Physics: ATLAS unveils mural at CERN Prize: Corti Trust invites essay entries Astrophysics: CERN holds cosmic-ray conference Researchers in Residence: Lord Winston returns to school Music: ATLAS scientists record physics music Conference: Champagne flows at Reims event Competition: Students triumph at physics olympiad Teaching: Physics proves popular in Japanese schools Forthcoming Events

  12. [The triumph of China China

    PubMed

    Vannozzi, F.

    2000-01-01

    Malaria and its various remedies were frequently debated by Italian scientists in the 17th and 18th centuries. Physicians of the period discussed the probable origin of the disease, making use of the humoral theory, whilst upholding the efficacy of a new remedy, the bark of the cinchona tree. Knowledge of malaria, the various pathogenetic theories and some quite bizarre therapeutic attempts are amply documented in the medical literature of the age.

  13. Triumph of the Voyager mission

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kerr, R. A.

    1989-01-01

    It had been a long, productive trip. Launched in 1977, the two Voyager spacecraft had visited three giant planets, a dozen major Moons, three ring systems with thousands of rings composed of a myriad of tiny Moonlets. The spacecraft had returned 5 trillion bits of data and over 100,000 photographs. The last encounter in our Solar System by Voyager 2 with Neptune was to be a spectacular finale to the 12-year drama. 

  14. Skylab: Its anguish and triumph - A memoir

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Von Puttkamer, J.

    1982-01-01

    During its ascent to earth orbit, Skylab, launched May 14, 1973, sustained severe damage due to the premature deployment of its micrometeoroid shield. In this paper, a participating engineer describes how a thermal shield repair concept was developed and appropriate hardware was built and tested within 11 days of the mishap, and how the repair concept was sucessfully implemented in space to rescue Skylab.

  15. Ethnic minority psychology: struggles and triumphs.

    PubMed

    Sue, Stanley

    2009-10-01

    This article focuses on my interpretation of the history of ethnic minority psychology, using as a base the presentations of the contributing authors to this special issue of Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. Because each contributing author has focused on a particular ethnic group or a particular aspect of history, my goal is to focus on 3 common issues and problems. First, what are the themes and issues that confronted African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asian Americans, and Latinos? Second, what were characteristics of the ethnic leaders on whose shoulders we now stand? Third, what kinds of relationships existed between members of different ethnic minority groups? Copyright 2009 APA, all rights reserved.

  16. Out of Trauma, Triumph and Courage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Marvalene

    2005-01-01

    When the unfathomable happened to Dillard University and other cherished institutions on the Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005, an act of nature ripped more than 1 million people from their comfort zones and thrust them into the unknown. They still have not had time to fully assess their personal losses, so intent have they been on focusing on their…

  17. Forgiver triumphs in alternating Prisoner's Dilemma.

    PubMed

    Zagorsky, Benjamin M; Reiter, Johannes G; Chatterjee, Krishnendu; Nowak, Martin A

    2013-01-01

    Cooperative behavior, where one individual incurs a cost to help another, is a wide spread phenomenon. Here we study direct reciprocity in the context of the alternating Prisoner's Dilemma. We consider all strategies that can be implemented by one and two-state automata. We calculate the payoff matrix of all pairwise encounters in the presence of noise. We explore deterministic selection dynamics with and without mutation. Using different error rates and payoff values, we observe convergence to a small number of distinct equilibria. Two of them are uncooperative strict Nash equilibria representing always-defect (ALLD) and Grim. The third equilibrium is mixed and represents a cooperative alliance of several strategies, dominated by a strategy which we call Forgiver. Forgiver cooperates whenever the opponent has cooperated; it defects once when the opponent has defected, but subsequently Forgiver attempts to re-establish cooperation even if the opponent has defected again. Forgiver is not an evolutionarily stable strategy, but the alliance, which it rules, is asymptotically stable. For a wide range of parameter values the most commonly observed outcome is convergence to the mixed equilibrium, dominated by Forgiver. Our results show that although forgiving might incur a short-term loss it can lead to a long-term gain. Forgiveness facilitates stable cooperation in the presence of exploitation and noise.

  18. Shared Struggles, Shared Triumphs: Watching Writers Write.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Mark

    When teachers base classroom discussion of literature, particularly poetry, on the authors' manuscripts, notebooks, and letters, they allow students to watch writers write and to appreciate the craft involved in creative writing. Watching the writer at work--examining the drafts and correspondence for such poems as Blake's "London" or Keats'"To…

  19. A television triumph about death and dying.

    PubMed

    Towers, Bernard

    1980-06-01

    Towers reviews Joan Robinson: One Woman's Story, an American documentary film about a terminal cancer patient that was first broadcast by the Public Broadcasting Service on 21 January 1980. The film was made at the instigation of Robinson, a writer and editor, and covers the last twenty-two months of her life from the diagnosis of incurable ovarian cancer to her graveside funeral service. Towers praises the film-makers for their empathetic and sensitive handling of a difficult subject, and recommends that the film be made available for teaching purposes.

  20. Trials and Triumphs of Expanded Extension Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leavengood, Scott; Love, Bob

    1998-01-01

    Oregon extension faced challenges in presenting programs in the wood products industry. Several traditional tactics, revised to suit a new audience, have proved successful: personal coaching, building partnerships, and providing a high level of service. Newer methods, such as database marketing and distance learning, are also proving to be…

  1. WHO celebrates triumph over river blindness.

    PubMed

    Ciment, J

    1999-10-23

    This article reports the success of WHO in eliminating onchocerciasis or river blindness in most of West Africa. The onchocerciasis control program was able to save 100,000 people at immediate risk of contracting the disease and prevented the infection of about 12 million children. About 1.25 million onchocercal infections have been resolved by the program. Moreover, removal of the threat of the disease has allowed people to farm 25 million hectares of fertile land capable of feeding 17 million people annually. The land was previously abandoned due to black fly infestations, the transmission vector of the disease. The control program, which was started 25 years ago, had successfully eliminated the disease after a partnership between the UN agency and Merck, the company that developed ivermectin. Ivermectin is the first drug against river blindness that could be dispensed widely without fear of serious side effects.

  2. Project Physics Text 3, The Triumph of Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

    Mechanical theories are presented in this unit of the Project Physics text for senior high students. Collisions, Newton's laws, isolated systems, and Leibniz' concept are discussed, leading to conservation of mass and momentum. Energy conservation is analyzed in terms of mechanical energy, heat energy, steam engines, Watt's engine, Joule's…

  3. Turmoil and triumph: My years as secretary of state

    SciTech Connect

    Schultz, G.P.

    1993-12-31

    The Reagan administration, or members of it, may have believed their own propaganda about the United States (U.S.) military weakness in 1980 and 1981, but the Soviet leaders never did. Nor did they ever doubt or challenge U.S. deterrence or determination to repel agression against the U.S. or its allies. What was new was a belated recognition by Moscow`s leaders that the Marxist-Lennist world view they had held for 70 years did not accord with reality, and that their combined efforts to apply that pattern for internal development did not accord with the real needs of society. It was a remarkable turn of policy in Reagan`s second term that led to five summit meetings, as many as in the preceding three presidencies, and One-third of all the postwar, Cold War summits. One of the most interesting and valuable contributions of this book is the picture of the inner workings of the Reagan administration, as seen by the secretary of state.

  4. SLE or hypothyroidism: who can triumph in cardiac tamponade?

    PubMed

    Chaudhari, Sameer Sadashiv; Wankhedkar, Kashmira Pramod; Mushiyev, Savi

    2015-03-06

    A 36-year-old Hispanic woman with a history of systemic lupus erythaematosus (SLE) in remission presented with progressive dyspnoea, bilateral leg swelling and increasing fatigue with rapid weight gain over the past few months. Her physical examination showed mildly tender thyromegaly and pericardial rub. Investigations showed new onset marked hypothyroidism as well as an active lupus serology with echocardiogram confirming severe pericardial effusion and a tamponade phenomenon. Urgent pericardiocentesis relieved her acute symptoms, and prompt treatment with thyroxine replacement and immunosuppression for lupus disease was initiated. Pericardial fluid analysis remained negative for any malignancy and/or infection/s. The patient had a gradual and consistent improvement with this treatment. She was discharged and appeared to be clinically stable at subsequent follow-up visits. However, the case remained a diagnostic dilemma over whether the tamponade was being driven by hypothyroidism versus lupus, leaving us with an opportunity to explore further.

  5. Seacole statue is a triumph for hope over hate.

    PubMed

    2016-07-06

    During the RCN congress debate on whether the UK should leave the European Union, prominent college activist Jason Warriner said that nurses would play a vital role in 'healing the nation' after the vote, whatever the outcome. Unfortunately his prophecy has proved to be correct, with the UK being divided in way that few of us have experienced before.

  6. Primary Hepatic Burkitt Lymphoma: A Bizarre Site and Triumph Tale.

    PubMed

    Modi, Gaurang; Madabhavi, Irappa; Patel, Apurva; Revannasiddaiah, Swaroop; Anand, Asha; Panchal, Harsha; Parikh, Sonia; Baldaniya, Krunal

    2015-06-01

    Primary hepatic Burkitt lymphoma (PHBL) is an extremely rare form extra nodal lymphoma and till now only 11 case reports have been found in the literature. We are reporting an adult female with primary hepatic Burkitt's lymphoma, who achieved complete remission after 5 months of combination chemotherapy containing vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, methotrexate, prednisolone and intrathecal chemotherapy. She is under regular follow up at our institute.

  7. Colorectal cancer screening: will non-invasive procedures triumph?

    PubMed

    Church, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    In the US, colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second most deadly. Screening is recommended, not only to reduce mortality, but to prevent cancer by detecting precancerous polyps. Many screening methods are available now, and newer methods based on molecular markers show promise for the future.

  8. The Plus 50 Population in Higher Education: Challenges and Triumphs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Jason

    2016-01-01

    As the economy in the United States continues to emerge from a recession and as jobs become more technologically advanced rendering other jobs obsolete, more and more Americans over the age of 50 are now attending college for a variety of reasons. Around 77% of the so-called Plus 50 students were enrolled in two-year public institutions. Other…

  9. Evidence-based practice: triumph of style over substance?

    PubMed

    Booth, Andrew

    2011-09-01

    This feature examines the success of evidence-based practice (EBP) and the associated Cochrane Collaboration. It seeks to identify critical success factors associated with the way that both initiatives have been marketed. The simplicity of the original message used by each initiative allowed for subsequent assimilation of nuances and variants. Two implications for health librarians are highlighted; recognition that EBP is simply the embodiment of one world view and that many others may make a useful contribution and the need to craft a simple message capturing the unique selling points of the profession. To create a unique contribution health librarians require a detailed picture from market research of user information needs.

  10. Challenges and Triumphs to Genomics-Based Natural Product Discovery

    PubMed Central

    Jensen, Paul R.; Chavarria, Krystle L.; Fenical, William; Moore, Bradley S.; Ziemert, Nadine

    2013-01-01

    Genome sequencing is rapidly changing the field of natural products research by providing opportunities to assess the biosynthetic potential of strains prior to chemical analysis or biological testing. Ready access to sequence data is driving the development of new bioinformatic tools and methods to identify the products of silent or cryptic pathways. While genome mining has fast become a useful approach to natural product discovery, it has also become clear that identifying pathways of interest is much easier than finding the associated products. This has led to bottlenecks in the discovery process that must be overcome for the potential of genomics-based natural product discovery to be fully realized. In this perspective, we address some of these challenges in the context of our work with the marine actinomycete genus Salinispora, which is proving to be a useful model with which to apply genome mining as an approach to natural product discovery. PMID:24104399

  11. Jean Perrin and the triumph of the atomic doctrine.

    PubMed

    Patterson, Gary

    2007-06-01

    One of the central dogmas of modern science is that the world around us can be understood in terms of microscopic chemical entities known as atoms. It may come as a surprise that this notion has only been widely acknowledged since the 1910s. The French physicist Jean Perrin had a hand in many of the key developments that led to the emergence of the atomic doctrine. His life story relates how new technologies were used to 'see' these invisible particles of philosophy and how scientists were able to determine their size and composition. The indivisible atoms of the ancients were replaced by the highly structured elements of chemistry.

  12. Turmoil, Transition - Triumph? The Democratic Revolution in the Philippines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-06-01

    opposition opponent, Mrs. Corazon Aquino. The resulting civil strife threatened peace in the Philippines and posed .significant questions for U.S...victory, a move similarly taken by his opposition opponent, Mrs. Corazon Aquino. The resulting civil strife threatened peace in the Philippines and posed...validate his legitimacy. The opposition scrambled to find a concensus candidate. After several abortive attempts the ticket of Mrs. Corazon Aquino

  13. Lumbar ADR: a triumph of technology over reason?

    PubMed

    Madonia-Barr, Jennifer R

    2007-08-01

    The many unanswered questions surrounding ADR beget the question of whether patients would ultimately be better managed with lumbar fusion surgery or even no surgery at all. Lumbar fusion technology has made advances in recent years with the advent of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and the use of bone morphogenetic proteins. With a TLIF procedure, spine surgeons are able to obtain a 360-degree fusion through a single posterior incision with more predictable long-term results, especially when patients have confounding issues. Although early clinical results show ADR to be a promising alternative to current surgical options, long-term results are needed to adequately assess the procedure's efficacy. There will always be a demand for new technology. Cost, quality, and access are performance benchmarks for hospital survival in the current health care industry. Today's health care environment forces surgeons to be fiscally responsible while still providing the best quality care possible. Therefore, the cost of ADR compared to a traditional pedicle screw instrumentation (about $12,000 per segment vs $3,500 per segment) must be taken into consideration. Is the additional cost of ADR justified when studies so far fail to show a statistically significant difference in long-term outcomes? How do we justify the added cost when conventional lumbar fusion, the gold standard for intractable cases, has more predictable outcomes? Ultimately, ADR may be a more promising alternative to spinal fusion for patients with multilevel DDD (ie, a three-segment lumbar disk replacement) because it can spare disk decompensation of the adjacent segments.

  14. Achieving Self-Regulation: The Trial and Triumph of Adolescence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Barry J.

    Self-regulation consists of the metacognitive processes, behavioral skills, and associated motivational beliefs that underlie youths growing self-confidence and personal resourcefulness in acquiring the skills needed for adulthood. This chapter discusses the role of school organization in the attainment of self-regulation in terms of four levels…

  15. From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster

    SciTech Connect

    2009-10-01

    Fact sheet offering practical information about building energy efficient buildings and using renewable energy. Includes a checklist and resources. Highlights successful projects in Greensburg, Kansas.

  16. Triumphs and Tribulations of WRF-Chem Development and Use

    SciTech Connect

    Gustafson, William I.; Fast, Jerome D.; Easter, Richard C.; Ghan, Steven J.

    2005-06-27

    In order to address scientific questions related to aerosol chemistry and meteorological-aerosol-radiation-cloud feedbacks at the urban to regional scale, scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have made substantial contributions to the chemistry version of the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF-Chem) during the past one and a half years. These contributions include an additional gas-phase chemistry mechanism, a sectional aerosol module, an additional photolysis module, feedbacks between aerosols and radiation, and extending the nesting capability of WRF to include the chemistry scalars. During the development process, a number of limitations in WRF have been identified that complicate adding all the desired chemistry capabilities as originally planned. These issues will be discussed along with changes that have been made to help mitigate some of them. Mechanisms currently in development will also be discussed including a secondary organic aerosol (SOA) mechanism for the sectional aerosol module, aqueous chemistry, and the aerosol indirect effect.

  17. Integrating the Study of the Holocaust: One School's Triumph

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruder, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Integrating the study of the Holocaust into the middle school curriculum is a formidable challenge. This article describes the approach taken by Whitwell Middle School in Tennessee: When teachers found that students were having a difficult time comprehending the number of Jews and others killed by the Nazis, they decided to have the students…

  18. Triumphs Show: Taking Students outside the Classroom "inside" the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osowiecki, Maria; Francis, Robin

    2014-01-01

    Year 9 think they know a lot about the First World War. After all, they read Michael Morpurgo's novel Private Peaceful in their English lessons all the way back in Year 7, they have seen Blackadder so many times they can recite it, and in the centenary year of the war's outbreak, they can hardly avoid it on television. But their view of the war…

  19. Level 5 leadership. The triumph of humility and fierce resolve.

    PubMed

    Collins, J

    2001-01-01

    Boards of directors typically believe that transforming a company from merely good to truly great requires a larger-than-life personality--an egocentric chief to lead the corporate charge. Think "Chainsaw" Al Dunlap or Lee Iacocca. In fact, that's not the case, says author and leadership expert Jim Collins. The essential ingredient for taking a company to greatness is having a "Level 5" leader at the helm--an executive in whom extreme personal humility blends paradoxically with intense professional will. Collins paints a compelling and counter-intuitive portrait of the skills and personality traits necessary for effective leadership. He identifies the characteristics common to Level 5 leaders: humility, will, ferocious resolve, and the tendency to give credit to others while assigning blame to themselves. Collins fleshes out his Level 5 theory by telling colorful tales about 11 such leaders from recent business history. He contrasts the turnaround successes of outwardly humble, even shy, executives like Gillette's Colman M. Mockler and Kimberly-Clark's Darwin E. Smith with those of larger-than-life business leaders like Dunlap and Iacocca, who courted personal celebrity. The jury is still out on how to cultivate Level 5 leaders and whether it's even possible to do so, Collins admits. Some leaders have the Level 5 seed within; some don't. But Collins suggests using the findings from his research to strive for Level 5--for instance, getting the right people on board and creating a culture of discipline. "Our own lives and all that we touch will be better for the effort," he concludes.

  20. The identification of Josef Mengele. A triumph of international cooperation.

    PubMed

    Eckert, W G; Teixeira, W R

    1985-09-01

    In recent weeks, world attention has been focused on the identification of skeletal remains suspected of being those of the most widely sought Nazi war criminal still at large--Josef Mengele. Several important turns in the investigation of his whereabouts led to a small city south of São Paulo, where he had been living until 1979. Mengele was reported to have drowned and to have been buried in a country cemetery near his last residence. The initial processing of the remains was done at the Medicolegal Institute of São Paulo by police officials in consultation with anthropologists and dentists as well as Dr. Wilmes Teixeira of Mogi das Cruzes, a suburb of São Paulo. Dr. Teixeira coordinated the team of authorized international forensic experts officially representing the governments of West Germany and the United States, as well as the Simon Wiesenthal Center of Los Angeles, who joined Brazilian scientists in completing identification. The success of the investigation was due to complete cooperation among members of the team, resulting in verification, within a reasonable scientific certainty, that these were the remains of Josef Mengele.

  1. Is the eradication of tuberculosis 'yesterday's ambition' or 'tomorrow's triumph'?

    PubMed

    Zumla, Alimuddin; Grange, John M

    2010-10-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a serious infectious disease continuing to cause around 1.8 million deaths annually. The great paradox is that despite the availability of effective treatment for the past 60 years, it continues to spread relentlessly, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa due to the fuelling effect of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. It is no longer a medical epidemic, but an epidemic of injustice. Increased political and financial investment by the industrially developed nations, as well as sustained political will in the affected countries, is required to bring TB under control. It is imperative that the control should be linked to that of HIV which is also closely associated with poverty, poor housing and malnutrition. The historical, social, philosophical and political perspectives that may have influenced the failure of TB control are discussed. Once again, therefore, the question is raised--can TB be brought under control?

  2. Saving the Dust Bowl: "Big Hugh" Bennett's Triumph over Tragedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    In the 1930s, years of injudicious cultivation had devastated 100 million acres of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, and New Mexico. This was the Dust Bowl, and it exposed a problem that had silently plagued American agriculture for centuries--soil erosion. Farmers, scientists, and the government alike considered it trivial until Hugh Hammond…

  3. Project Physics Teacher Guide 3, The Triumph of Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

    Teaching procedures of Project Physics Unit 3 are presented to help teachers make effective use of learning materials. Unit contents are discussed in connection with teaching aid perspective, multi-media schedules, schedule blocks, and resource charts. Brief analyses are made for transparencies, 16mm films, and reader articles. Included is…

  4. Triumph of Technology Over Geography - Unlocking the Siberian Maritime Icebox,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-22

    with global political consequences. Such may be the case with the recently completed Siberian gas pipeline to Western. Ejr.p& (5) le e.Ce.,M dZ.’𔃾...increasingly important to the economic development of the Soviet 4* A. in ev riple, the Canadiir Mackenzie River Villey gal- pipeline pro ieO was blocked... pressurized with diesel powered fanS to achieve the capability of lifting and moving large loads. This technique uses only a relatively low footprint

  5. The World Medical Association: can hope triumph over experience?

    PubMed

    Richards, T

    1994-01-22

    The World Medical Association was set up in 1947 in the wake of outrage about war crimes committed by doctors in Hitler's Germany. For nearly 50 years it has lurched from one controversy to another, arguing within itself about its funding, its voting system, and the representativeness and political affiliation of some of its member medical associations. The BMA withdrew from the association in 1984, supporting a breakaway "Toronto" group including Canada, the Scandinavian countries, the Netherlands, Ireland, and Jamaica. All but Britain and Jamaica have now rejoined and membership is growing, but the association is still struggling to gain credibility and clout. After 20 years of part time stewardship the recent appointment of a new full time secretary general has fuelled expectations that internal reforms will be implemented, and the WMA's standing and profile improved.

  6. Profitable failure: antidepressant drugs and the triumph of flawed experiments.

    PubMed

    McGoey, Linsey

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on an analysis of Irving Kirsch and colleagues' controversial 2008 article in "PLoS [Public Library of Science] Magazine" on the efficacy of SSRI antidepressant drugs such as Prozac, I examine flaws within the methodologies of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have made it difficult for regulators, clinicians and patients to determine the therapeutic value of this class of drug. I then argue, drawing analogies to work by Pierre Bourdieu and Michael Power, that it is the very limitations of RCTs -- their inadequacies in producing reliable evidence of clinical effects -- that help to strengthen assumptions of their superiority as methodological tools. Finally, I suggest that the case of RCTs helps to explore the question of why failure is often useful in consolidating the authority of those who have presided over that failure, and why systems widely recognized to be ineffective tend to assume greater authority at the very moment when people speak of their malfunction.

  7. Listening, talking triumph in promoting effective public involvement

    SciTech Connect

    Forrest, C.J.; Michaud, G.R.

    1995-07-01

    When added to situations involving formal Superfund cleanups, RCRA permitting and other environmental issues, it is clear that understanding how to handle community concerns is rapidly becoming a necessity for many businesses. The terms public involvement, public participation and community relations all embody the same concept--establishing a dialogue with members of the public who are affected by environmental permitting, a contaminated site or other environmental issues. The goal of the dialogue is to promote public understanding about a project or issue, and ensure that citizens` concerns are considered and thoroughly addressed. Public concerns often are magnified by lack of information, misinformation or false information about an environmental issue. Failing to acknowledge concerns and provide appropriate information can lead to community resistance. In their extreme forms, such communications failures have slowed or blocked the permitting process, and even halted removal of hazardous wastes from residential and nonresidential areas. Community relations requirements under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, and public participation requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act are intended to promote positive dialogue. In both cases, core activities and their timing are set by regulation.

  8. Resisting Reading Mandates: How To Triumph with the Truth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garan, Elaine M.

    Teachers today are in a stranglehold as a glut of mandates and standards restrict their ability to make decisions in their own classrooms. In many schools, scripted, regimented commercial programs further erode their power to view their students as individuals with unique talents and needs. Even the words they use "to teach" are no…

  9. The Plus 50 Population in Higher Education: Challenges and Triumphs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Jason

    2016-01-01

    As the economy in the United States continues to emerge from a recession and as jobs become more technologically advanced rendering other jobs obsolete, more and more Americans over the age of 50 are now attending college for a variety of reasons. Around 77% of the so-called Plus 50 students were enrolled in two-year public institutions. Other…

  10. Cholera, diarrhea, and oral rehydration therapy: triumph and indictment.

    PubMed

    Guerrant, Richard L; Carneiro-Filho, Benedito A; Dillingham, Rebecca A

    2003-08-01

    Cholera drove the sanitary revolution in the industrialized world in the 19th century and now is driving the development of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in the developing world. Despite the long history of cholera, only in the 1960s and 1970s was ORT fully developed. Scientists described this treatment after the discovery of the intact sodium-glucose intestinal cotransport in patients with cholera. This new understanding sparked clinical studies that revealed the ability of ORT to reduce the mortality associated with acute diarrheal disease. Despite the steady reductions in mortality due to acute dehydrating diarrheal diseases achieved by ORT, the costly morbidity due to these diseases remains, the result of a failure to globalize sanitation and to control the developmental impact of diarrheal diseases and their associated malnutrition. New advances in oral rehydration and nutrition therapy and new methods to recognize its costs are discussed in this review.

  11. Integrating the Study of the Holocaust: One School's Triumph

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruder, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Integrating the study of the Holocaust into the middle school curriculum is a formidable challenge. This article describes the approach taken by Whitwell Middle School in Tennessee: When teachers found that students were having a difficult time comprehending the number of Jews and others killed by the Nazis, they decided to have the students…

  12. The Middle School High Five: Strategies Can Triumph

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Amy

    2005-01-01

    A literacy support teacher leads a district-wide initiative to organize content-area teachers in an effort to help their students become better readers by offering instruction and practice in five reading strategies across the curriculum. At the end of the 10-week program, teachers felt that students' comprehension had improved, and many felt some…

  13. Triumph through Texting: Restoring Learners' Interest in Grammar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedjazi Moghari, Mona; Marandi, S. Susan

    2017-01-01

    It is usually the case that learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) are exposed to language materials in class only, and of course in such a short space of time, they do not always find enough chance to practice English grammar features and become aware of their grammar mistakes. As a potential solution to this problem, the current study…

  14. England's Civic Universities and the Triumph of the Oxbridge Ideal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Sarah V.

    1996-01-01

    Traces the changes in educational philosophy and practices that occurred within England's civic universities. The original intent of the state supported public universities was to provide professional and technical training for the growing middle class. Discusses the reasons that the civics eventually adopted the curriculum of the elite private…

  15. The Rise and Triumph of the White House Photo Opportunity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Streitmatter, Rodger

    1988-01-01

    Measures the news coverage that has resulted from photo opportunities staged by United States presidents who have served since 1960. Finds that photo coverage of presidents in four major newspapers rose sixfold since 1960. (RS)

  16. Triumphs Show: Taking Students outside the Classroom "inside" the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osowiecki, Maria; Francis, Robin

    2014-01-01

    Year 9 think they know a lot about the First World War. After all, they read Michael Morpurgo's novel Private Peaceful in their English lessons all the way back in Year 7, they have seen Blackadder so many times they can recite it, and in the centenary year of the war's outbreak, they can hardly avoid it on television. But their view of the war…

  17. Saving the Dust Bowl: "Big Hugh" Bennett's Triumph over Tragedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    In the 1930s, years of injudicious cultivation had devastated 100 million acres of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, and New Mexico. This was the Dust Bowl, and it exposed a problem that had silently plagued American agriculture for centuries--soil erosion. Farmers, scientists, and the government alike considered it trivial until Hugh Hammond…

  18. Ear candles: a triumph of ignorance over science.

    PubMed

    Ernst, E

    2004-01-01

    Ear candles are hollow tubes coated in wax which are inserted into patients' ears and then lit at the far end. The procedure is used as a complementary therapy for a wide range of conditions. A critical assessment of the evidence shows that its mode of action is implausible and demonstrably wrong. There are no data to suggest that it is effective for any condition. Furthermore, ear candles have been associated with ear injuries. The inescapable conclusion is that ear candles do more harm than good. Their use should be discouraged.

  19. Project Physics Tests 3, The Triumph of Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

    Test items relating to Project Physics Unit 3 are presented in this booklet. Included are 70 multiple-choice and 20 problem-and-essay questions. Concepts of mechanics are examined on energy, momentum, kinetic theory of gases, pulse analyses, "heat death," water waves, power, conservation laws, normal distribution, thermodynamic laws, and…

  20. The World Medical Association: can hope triumph over experience?

    PubMed Central

    Richards, T.

    1994-01-01

    The World Medical Association was set up in 1947 in the wake of outrage about war crimes committed by doctors in Hitler's Germany. For nearly 50 years it has lurched from one controversy to another, arguing within itself about its funding, its voting system, and the representativeness and political affiliation of some of its member medical associations. The BMA withdrew from the association in 1984, supporting a breakaway "Toronto" group including Canada, the Scandinavian countries, the Netherlands, Ireland, and Jamaica. All but Britain and Jamaica have now rejoined and membership is growing, but the association is still struggling to gain credibility and clout. After 20 years of part time stewardship the recent appointment of a new full time secretary general has fuelled expectations that internal reforms will be implemented, and the WMA's standing and profile improved. PMID:8111265

  1. English-Only Triumphs, but the Costs are High.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portes, Alejandro

    2002-01-01

    Explores the issue of English-only versus bilingual education by focusing on whether complete language assimilation is desirable for immigrant children and their families. Discusses the benefits of bilingualism, such as students exhibiting greater self-esteem, the benefits for immigrant families, and advantages for the labor market. Highlights the…

  2. Project Physics Reader 3, The Triumph of Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

    As a supplement to Project Physics Unit 3, a collection of articles is presented in this reader for student browsing. Four excerpts are given under the following headings: On the kinetic theory of gases, Maxwell's Demon, Introduction to Waves, and Scientific Cranks. Five articles are included in terms of energy, barometers, randomness, fiddle…

  3. Vaccinations: A public health triumph and a public relations tragedy.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Robert M

    2012-08-01

    Routine vaccination has been hailed as one of the top public health achievements of the last century. However, despite the reduced number of cases of and deaths from vaccine-preventable diseases such as pertussis and measles, outbreaks continue to occur as more parents fail to adequately vaccinate their children because of misinformation about immunizations. This article describes the challenges of making sure all children in the United States are fully immunized and what physicians need to know to effectively work with parents who may be hesitant to vaccinate their children.

  4. SLE or hypothyroidism: who can triumph in cardiac tamponade?

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhari, Sameer Sadashiv; Wankhedkar, Kashmira Pramod; Mushiyev, Savi

    2015-01-01

    A 36-year-old Hispanic woman with a history of systemic lupus erythaematosus (SLE) in remission presented with progressive dyspnoea, bilateral leg swelling and increasing fatigue with rapid weight gain over the past few months. Her physical examination showed mildly tender thyromegaly and pericardial rub. Investigations showed new onset marked hypothyroidism as well as an active lupus serology with echocardiogram confirming severe pericardial effusion and a tamponade phenomenon. Urgent pericardiocentesis relieved her acute symptoms, and prompt treatment with thyroxine replacement and immunosuppression for lupus disease was initiated. Pericardial fluid analysis remained negative for any malignancy and/or infection/s. The patient had a gradual and consistent improvement with this treatment. She was discharged and appeared to be clinically stable at subsequent follow-up visits. However, the case remained a diagnostic dilemma over whether the tamponade was being driven by hypothyroidism versus lupus, leaving us with an opportunity to explore further. PMID:25750217

  5. Trial, Error, Triumph: A College Rethinks Its Core Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan-Fleming, Mary Kay; Klabunde, Michael; Zane, Cynthia

    2005-01-01

    Promoting student learning can be difficult, even at a liberal arts and sciences college where faculty members are passionate about it. The authors have experienced these challenges at the College of Mount St. Joseph in the last five years as they have moved collegewide efforts more intentionally toward facilitation of learning. The College of…

  6. Project Physics Handbook 3, The Triumph of Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

    Ten experiments and 27 activities are presented in this handbook. The experiments are related to collisions, energy conservation, speed measurements, thermometry, calorimetry, gas properties, wave motions, and acoustic problems. The activities are concerned with stroboscopic photographs in collision, elastic impact, mass conservation, exchange of…

  7. American style or Turkish chair: the triumph of bodily comfort.

    PubMed

    Çevik, Gülen

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the reciprocal influence of Ottoman Turkish and American interiors in the development of seating furniture. Seating furniture is unique because it involves a direct and physical interaction between the piece of furniture and the body, while at the same time it is part of a public space where social interactions occur. I will argue that the interactions between the Ottoman Turks and Americans are reflected in the way these traditions modified their seating furniture as they sought to mediate cultural, political and social differences between them. The concept of bodily comfort will serve as a common thread in understanding the origin of the expression "American style" (Amerikan stili or Amerikan tarzı) in modern Turkish language, the "Turkish chairs" in Victorian America in the late nineteenth century and the English language use of words such as sofa, ottoman and divan.

  8. Serial Concatenated Trellis Coded Modulation with Iterative Decoding: Design and Performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benedetto, S.; Divsalar, D.; Montorsi, G.; Pollara, F.

    1997-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a novel method to design serial concatenation of an outer convolutional code with an inner trellis code with multi-level amplitude/phase modulations and a suitable bit-by-bit iterative decoding structure.

  9. The Triumph and Tragedies of Japanese Women in America: A View across Four Generations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sakamoto, Taylor

    2007-01-01

    The author lives in a place filled with opportunities for girls like her. She is fortunate to attend school and enjoy activities like other young ladies. Her third- and fourth-generation parents encouraged her to attend Japanese Cultural School to learn about her heritage and to be proud of being Japanese-American. Her life has been filled with…

  10. The promotion and marketing of oxycontin: commercial triumph, public health tragedy.

    PubMed

    Van Zee, Art

    2009-02-01

    I focus on issues surrounding the promotion and marketing of controlled drugs and their regulatory oversight. Compared with noncontrolled drugs, controlled drugs, with their potential for abuse and diversion, pose different public health risks when they are overpromoted and highly prescribed. An in-depth analysis of the promotion and marketing of OxyContin illustrates some of the associated issues. Modifications of the promotion and marketing of controlled drugs by the pharmaceutical industry and an enhanced capacity of the Food and Drug Administration to regulate and monitor such promotion can have a positive impact on the public health.

  11. Challenges, Frustrations and Triumphs of Remixing an Open Source Game Engine for Educational Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stowell, Timothy; Shelton, Brett E.

    2008-01-01

    The use, reuse, and remixing of commercial games has influenced the field of educational gaming. Part of this influence is felt though a number of popular game engines whose code has been released for the creation of games by other groups. This paper follows one group's progress of using the open-source and highly successful commercial game engine…

  12. Human Error and the International Space Station: Challenges and Triumphs in Science Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harris, Samantha S.; Simpson, Beau C.

    2016-01-01

    Any system with a human component is inherently risky. Studies in human factors and psychology have repeatedly shown that human operators will inevitably make errors, regardless of how well they are trained. Onboard the International Space Station (ISS) where crew time is arguably the most valuable resource, errors by the crew or ground operators can be costly to critical science objectives. Operations experts at the ISS Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC), located at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, have learned that from payload concept development through execution, there are countless opportunities to introduce errors that can potentially result in costly losses of crew time and science. To effectively address this challenge, we must approach the design, testing, and operation processes with two specific goals in mind. First, a systematic approach to error and human centered design methodology should be implemented to minimize opportunities for user error. Second, we must assume that human errors will be made and enable rapid identification and recoverability when they occur. While a systematic approach and human centered development process can go a long way toward eliminating error, the complete exclusion of operator error is not a reasonable expectation. The ISS environment in particular poses challenging conditions, especially for flight controllers and astronauts. Operating a scientific laboratory 250 miles above the Earth is a complicated and dangerous task with high stakes and a steep learning curve. While human error is a reality that may never be fully eliminated, smart implementation of carefully chosen tools and techniques can go a long way toward minimizing risk and increasing the efficiency of NASA's space science operations.

  13. African-American Firsts. Famous, Little-Known and Unsung Triumphs of Blacks in America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Joan; Claytor, Constance

    Stories of more than 400 "firsts" by African Americans, break-through achievements in a variety of fields, are told in question-and-answer form ("Who was the first African American to ...?"). These are stories of people who were forced to contend with racism, directly or indirectly, in their struggle towards goals that require…

  14. Russian war surgery in 1812: 200 years since Russia's war triumph.

    PubMed

    Boсkeria, Leo A; Glyantsev, Sergey P; Kolesnikov, Yan G

    2012-01-01

    Specific wounds inflicted on soldiers and officers of the Russian Army by French firearms and cold weapon and wound treatment by Russian surgeons during 1812 Napoleon's invasion (better known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812) are discussed. An inference is made that the then surgical treatment was not only administered at a high level but was also versatile and efficient and thus could make a certain contribution to the victory of the Russian arms.

  15. Social Determinants and Disparities in Health: Their Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ultimate Triumph(?) in Health Policy.

    PubMed

    House, James S

    2016-08-01

    David Mechanic has been a principal founder of modern sociological and social science approaches to health, especially in relation to health policy. These approaches have since the 1950s and 1960s resurrected ideas that had currency in the mid-nineteenth century but seemed crucified, dead, and buried by the rise of modern biomedicine from the mid-nineteenth century through the mid-twentieth century. Problems and lacunae in purely biomedical approaches to health in the later twentieth century, along with developments of new biopsychosocial approaches to health, have spawned a return toward ideas of Rudolf Virchow and mid-nineteenth-century social medicine that social determinants and disparities are major drivers of population health. Since individual health and population health constitute the major determinants of health care utilization and expenditures, social determinants and disparities in health are arguably the foundation of a new "demand-side" health policy that can resolve America's paradoxical health policy crisis of spending increasingly more than any nation on health care and insurance yet achieving increasingly worsening health outcomes relative to virtually all developed countries and some developing ones as well, something that current "supply-side" health policy, including Obamacare, cannot do, important as it is for expanding access to health insurance and care.

  16. Triumph and adversity: Exploring the complexities of consumer storytelling in mental health nursing education.

    PubMed

    Happell, Brenda; Bennetts, Wanda

    2016-12-01

    Consumer participation in the education of health professionals is increasing, particularly in mental health nursing education and storytelling remains the most frequent approach to consumer involvement. The use of story has tended to be accepted as a legitimate educational tool with limited critique or consideration of its potential consequences presented within the academic literature. A qualitative exploratory research study was undertaken with mental health nurse academics (n = 34) and consumer educators and academics (n = 12), to investigate the perceptions and experiences of mental health nurses and consumers regarding the involvement of consumers in mental health nursing education. Data were analysed thematically. Story was a major theme to emerge from consumer participants and received some attention from nurse academics. Consumers and nurses both referred to the power of story to convey the human experience of mental illness diagnosis and service use; and the vulnerability that can result from storytelling. Consumers also described: story as expectation; preparation and support; and the politics of story. All participants supported the value of storytelling in mental health nursing education. Consumers had considered the complexities in far greater detail. The ongoing value of story as an educational technique requires further research. Equally important is considering a broader range of educational roles for mental health consumers.

  17. The Triumph and Tragedies of Japanese Women in America: A View across Four Generations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sakamoto, Taylor

    2007-01-01

    The author lives in a place filled with opportunities for girls like her. She is fortunate to attend school and enjoy activities like other young ladies. Her third- and fourth-generation parents encouraged her to attend Japanese Cultural School to learn about her heritage and to be proud of being Japanese-American. Her life has been filled with…

  18. The HgF2 Ionic Switch: A Triumph of Electrostatics against Relativistic Odds.

    PubMed

    Donald, Kelling J; Kretz, William J; Omorodion, Oluwarotimi

    2015-11-16

    A remarkable transition in the chemical bonding in (HgF2)n clusters as a function of n is identified and characterized. HgF2 is a fascinating material. Certain significant consequences of relativistic effects on the structure of the HgF2 molecule, dimer, and trimer disappear in the extended solid. Relativistic effects in Hg ensure that HgX2 molecules (X≡F, Cl, Br, and I) are linear, rigid, and form weakly bound dimers and trimers held together by weak electrostatic and van der Waals-type forces (unlike ZnX2 and CdX2 systems in which the intermonomer contacts are strong polar covalent bonds). For HgF2, the location and nature of an apparent transition from weak interactions in the smallest (HgF2)n clusters to ionic bonding in the (fluorite) HgF2 extended solid has remained a mystery. Computational evidence obtained at the M06-2X, B97D3, and MP2 levels of theory and reported herein indicate that polar covalent bonding in (HgF2)n begins as early as n=5. For n=2 through to n=13, the transition or switch from weak (primarily dipole-dipole-type) intermonomer interactions to a preference for polar covalent bonding occurs within the range 5

  19. Anatomy of a Municipal Triumph: New York City's Upsurge in Life Expectancy.

    PubMed

    Preston, Samuel H; Elo, Irma T

    2014-03-01

    Over the period 1990-2010, the increase in life expectancy for males in New York City was 6.0 years greater than for males in the United States. The female relative gain was 3.9 years. Male relative gains were larger because of extremely rapid reductions in mortality from HIV/AIDS and homicide, declines that reflect effective municipal policies and programs. Declines in drug- and alcohol-related deaths also played a significant role in New York City's advance, but every major cause of death contributed to its relative improvement. By 2010, New York City had a life expectancy that was 1.9 years greater than that of the US. This difference is attributable to the high representation of immigrants in New York's population. Immigrants to New York City, and to the United States, have life expectancies that are among the highest in the world. The fact that 38 percent of New York's population consists of immigrants, compared to only 14 percent in the United States, accounts for New York's exceptional standing in life expectancy in 2010. In fact, US-born New Yorkers have a life expectancy below that of the United States itself.

  20. Post Civil War African American History: Brief Periods of Triumph, and Then Despair.

    PubMed

    Graff, Gilda

    2016-01-01

    During Reconstruction, which is often called the most progressive period in American history, African Americans made great strides. By 1868 African American men constituted a majority of registered voters in South Carolina and Mississippi, and by 1870 eighty-five percent of Mississippi's black jurors could read and write. However, Reconstruction was followed by approximately one hundred years of Jim Crow laws, lynching, disenfranchisement, sharecropping, unequal educational resources, terrorism, racial caricatures, and convict leasing. The Civil Rights Revolution finally ended that period of despair, but the era of mass incarceration can be understood as a reaction to the Civil Rights Movement. This article attempts to understand the persistence of racism in the United States from slavery's end until the present.

  1. Trait selection in potatoes: trials, tribulations, and triumphs - inside the mind of the researcher

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Cultivated potato is an intensively managed vegetable crop. It requires a great deal of input to obtain a crop that is suitable for fresh market or storage. There are myriad ways potato could be improved to reduce input costs, increase yield, and improve marketability. While it would be ideal to dev...

  2. I Thought You Were One of Us! Triumphs and Crisis When Teaching Your Own

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heer, Kal

    2015-01-01

    Authoritative knowledge produced by white acacemics has forged much of the cannon in educational research. Recently, scholars of color, have been asserting their unique positionalities to conduct research and teach among their own communities. As a result they have provided a challenge to normative privilege whiteness in education. Claims of…

  3. The triumph of good over evil: protection by the sickle gene against malaria.

    PubMed

    Bunn, H Franklin

    2013-01-03

    The mechanisms underlying Plasmodium falciparum resistance in persons with sickle trait have been under active investigation for more than a half century. This Perspective reviews progress in solving this challenging problem, including recent studies that have exploited the genomics and proteomics of the parasite. The formation of Hb S polymer in the parasitized AS RBC leads to impaired parasite growth and development along with enhanced clearance from the circulation and reduced deposition in deep postcapillary vascular beds. Enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species in sickled AS RBCs is a pathogenetic feature shared by parasitized thalassemic and G6PD-deficient RBCs, triggering abnormal topology of the RBC plasma membrane with decreased and disordered display of PfEMP-1, a P falciparum adhesion protein critical for endothelial adherence. A mouse model of Hb S confers host tolerance to P berghei, through inhibition of pathogenic CD8(+) T cells and induction of heme oxygenase-1. An additional and apparently independent mode of protection is provided by the selective expression in AS RBCs of 2 species of microRNA that integrate into P falciparum mRNAs and inhibit translation and parasite growth.

  4. Tips for Tdap triumph: implementing a statewide law in an urban school district.

    PubMed

    Boyer-Chu, Lynda

    2013-05-01

    This article describes the implementation of a multi-grade immunization mandate and general strategies that can facilitate implementation. The experience is that of an urban school district in implementing California Assembly Bill 354 (AB 354), which mandated pertussis vaccination for adolescents in 7th through 12th grades by the first day of school in 2011. AB 354 provided hardly a year's notice in obligating health departments to increase access to vaccinations and the school districts in collecting proof of vaccination of students enrolled in six sequential grade levels. Key strategies in achieving compliance with adolescent vaccination mandates include the following: creating a task force that facilitates open and regular communication within the school district and with counterparts at the health department; having, in leadership positions, a high-level school administrator and a school nurse; ensuring that exclusions are effectively publicized and implemented; assuring that the database system allows school staff to generate real-time reports to monitor progress; providing all families with easy and low-cost access to immunizations while focusing on students who might be more vulnerable; and using traditional and electronic media to publicize the new requirement.

  5. Using Neural Progenitor Cells in High-Throughput Screens for Developmental Neurotoxicants: Triumphs and Tragedies

    EPA Science Inventory

    Current protocols for developmental neurotoxicity testing are insufficient to test thousands of commercial chemicals. Thus, development of highthroughput screens (HTS) to detect and prioritize chemicals that may cause developmental neurotoxicity is needed to improve protection of...

  6. Aging: the triumph of humanity-are we prepared to face the challenge?

    PubMed

    Singh, Zile

    2012-01-01

    Advances in medicine have increased the life expectancy resulting in an increase in the geriatric population all over the world, and their proportion will only continue to rise in the coming years. It is known that the elderly bear a significant burden of morbidity, which is why health systems globally spearheaded by the WHO are waking up to the need for better geriatric health services. This includes India, whose health system continues to grapple with the health challenges of communicable and noncommunicable diseases. This article enumerates the various government policies and programs, constitutional and legal provisions available for the care of the elderly, and concludes that they are grossly inadequate to deal with the various physical, psychological, and emotional needs of the aging population. Mainstreaming of geriatric health to address the health needs of the elderly at all levels of health care, both in the public and the private sectors, giving due importance to multidimensional rehabilitative services and terminal care, involving NGOs and voluntary organizations, and stepping up social security in old age are the recommended measures for improving geriatric health in India.

  7. When the Foundations Faculty Design Teacher Education: A Narrative of Triumphs and Tensions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Galen, Jane; Navarro, Janet

    2001-01-01

    Traces the development, by foundations faculty, of a Master of Education program, based in social foundations content and knowledge, discussing successes, tensions, and dilemmas they faced and explaining how foundational perspectives shaped the content of the curriculum they developed and how their perspectives illuminated the processes by which…

  8. The post-cold war settlement in Europe: A triumph of arms control

    SciTech Connect

    Mandelbaum, M.

    1997-03-01

    {open_quotes}The military capabilities of the countries of Europe are also less threatening now than in the past, and this has been accomplished by arms control.{close_quotes} The author argues that there is a new security order in place in Europe, one that differs from the two most familiar ways of organizing security: balance-of-power politics and world government. Balance-of-power politics has been the source of such stability as Europe has enjoyed for most of its recorded history, including during the Cold War years. World government is a utopian dream that has been envisioned and advocated but never implemented, and that might not be a source of celebration if it were implemented, which it almost surely will not be. The theme of The Dawn of Peace in Europe is that, in the wake of the Cold War, Europe has established a third method for achieving security, called common security and that owes something to the concept of cooperative security that was developed at the Brookings Institution. Within this common security regime, Europe is still made up of soverign states. There is no supranational authority. The states of Europe are still armed. But peace in Europe does not depend-as it has for most of Europe`s recorded history-on a finely balanced hostility between and among the most powerful European nations. The new common security order has dramatically reduced both the incentives and the capabilities for war.

  9. Triumphs Show: Getting Year 10 beyond Trivial Judgements of "Bias": Towards Victory in "That" Battle …

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinks, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Back in 1993 and 2000, Lang and LeCocq, respectively, in their reactions against reductive and de-contextualised forms of "source work", pointed out that all sources do hold value in some way, even, and often especially, in those aspects that might be deemed "biased". The author's Year 10s' difficulty in shaking off a…

  10. The Chennai Declaration: India's landmark national commitment to antibiotic stewardship demonstrates that 'truth alone triumphs'.

    PubMed

    Holmes, A H; Sharland, M

    2013-07-01

    A joint meeting of the medical societies in India took place in Chennai in August 2012, giving rise to national recommendations and an action plan to address the challenge of antimicrobial resistance in India. The 'Chennai Declaration', published in November 2012, has a pragmatic achievable plan and represents a bold national commitment to antibiotic stewardship and infection control across India. The global importance of implementing such an antibiotic policy as a national strategy needs to be recognized and supported internationally.

  11. Flat-panel electronic displays: a triumph of physics, chemistry and engineering.

    PubMed

    Hilsum, Cyril

    2010-03-13

    This paper describes the history and science behind the development of modern flat-panel displays, and assesses future trends. Electronic displays are an important feature of modern life. For many years the cathode ray tube, an engineering marvel, was universal, but its shape was cumbersome and its operating voltage too high. The need for a flat-panel display, working at a low voltage, became imperative, and much research has been applied to this need. Any versatile flat-panel display will exploit an electro-optical effect, a transparent conductor and an addressing system to deliver data locally. The first need is to convert an electrical signal into a visible change. Two methods are available, the first giving emission of light, the second modulating ambient illumination. The most useful light-emitting media are semiconductors, historically exploiting III-V or II-VI compounds, but more recently organic or polymer semiconductors. Another possible effect uses gas plasma discharges. The modulating, or subtractive, effects that have been studied include liquid crystals, electrophoresis, electrowetting and electrochromism. A transparent conductor makes it possible to apply a voltage to an extended area while observing the results. The design is a compromise, since the free electrons that carry current also absorb light. The first materials used were metals, but some semiconductors, when heavily doped, give a better balance, with high transmission for a low resistance. Delivering data unambiguously to a million or so picture elements across the display area is no easy task. The preferred solution is an amorphous silicon thin-film transistor deposited at each cross-point in an X-Y matrix. Success in these endeavours has led to many applications for flat-panel displays, including television, flexible displays, electronic paper, electronic books and advertising signs.

  12. The Triumph of the Industrial-Consumer Paradigm and English as the Global Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spring, Joel

    2007-01-01

    This article considers the role of English as the global language within the industrial-consumer paradigm. In the 21st century, the English language plays a different function in the global economy than it did during the 19th century when it was used as an instrument of cultural imperialism. Today, English serves as a vehicle for participation in…

  13. Flat-panel electronic displays: a triumph of physics, chemistry and engineering

    PubMed Central

    Hilsum, Cyril

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the history and science behind the development of modern flat-panel displays, and assesses future trends. Electronic displays are an important feature of modern life. For many years the cathode ray tube, an engineering marvel, was universal, but its shape was cumbersome and its operating voltage too high. The need for a flat-panel display, working at a low voltage, became imperative, and much research has been applied to this need. Any versatile flat-panel display will exploit an electro-optical effect, a transparent conductor and an addressing system to deliver data locally. The first need is to convert an electrical signal into a visible change. Two methods are available, the first giving emission of light, the second modulating ambient illumination. The most useful light-emitting media are semiconductors, historically exploiting III–V or II–VI compounds, but more recently organic or polymer semiconductors. Another possible effect uses gas plasma discharges. The modulating, or subtractive, effects that have been studied include liquid crystals, electrophoresis, electrowetting and electrochromism. A transparent conductor makes it possible to apply a voltage to an extended area while observing the results. The design is a compromise, since the free electrons that carry current also absorb light. The first materials used were metals, but some semiconductors, when heavily doped, give a better balance, with high transmission for a low resistance. Delivering data unambiguously to a million or so picture elements across the display area is no easy task. The preferred solution is an amorphous silicon thin-film transistor deposited at each cross-point in an X–Y matrix. Success in these endeavours has led to many applications for flat-panel displays, including television, flexible displays, electronic paper, electronic books and advertising signs. PMID:20123746

  14. The evolution of three decades of antiretroviral therapy: challenges, triumphs and the promise of the future

    PubMed Central

    Tseng, Alice; Seet, Jason; Phillips, Elizabeth J

    2015-01-01

    The evolution of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment has improved our understanding and management of complex pharmacological issues that have driven improved outcomes and quality of life of the HIV-infected patient. These issues include adherence, long- and short-term toxicities, pharmacoenhancement, pharmacogenomics, therapeutic drug monitoring, differential penetration of drugs into sanctuary sites, such as the central nervous system, genital tract and small bowel, and drug–drug and drug–food interactions related to cytochrome P450 drug-metabolizing enzymes, uridine diphosphate glucuronyltransferases and drug transporters, to name a few. There is future promise, as an increased understanding of the immunopathogenesis of HIV and global public health initiatives are driving novel treatment approaches with goals to prevent, control and, ultimately, eradicate HIV. PMID:24730660

  15. From Tragedy to Triumph: Rebuilding Greensburg, Kansas To Be a 100% Renewable Energy City; Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Pless, S.; Billman, L.; Wallach, D.

    2010-08-01

    On May 4, 2007, Greensburg, Kansas, was hit by a 1.7-mile wide tornado with 200 mph-plus wind speeds. This tornado destroyed or severely damaged 90% of Greensburg?s structures. We discuss the progress made in rebuilding Greensburg, with a focus on the built environment and on meeting Greensburg?s goal of 100% renewable energy, 100% of the time. We also discuss key disaster recovery efforts that enabled Greensburg to reach this goal. Key strategies included a Sustainable Comprehensive Master Plan, an ordinance resolving that city-owned buildings achieve LEED Platinum and 42% energy savings, a strong focus on rebuilding 'right' with an integrated design process, attracting significant and sustained technical experts and national media attention, and linking renewable and energy efficiency technologies to business development. After three years, more than half the homes that have been rebuilt are rated at an average of 40% energy savings. All significant commercial buildings, including the school, hospital, banks, courthouse, and retail buildings, have been rebuilt to LEED Gold and Platinum standards and exceed 40% savings, with many exceeding 50% savings. Greensburg recently constructed a 12.5-MW community wind farm to provide all the remaining energy needed for its energy-efficient buildings and homes.

  16. 3-D field computation: The near-triumph of commerical codes

    SciTech Connect

    Turner, L.R.

    1995-07-01

    In recent years, more and more of those who design and analyze magnets and other devices are using commercial codes rather than developing their own. This paper considers the commercial codes and the features available with them. Other recent trends with 3-D field computation include parallel computation and visualization methods such as virtual reality systems.

  17. The costs and benefits of writing, talking, and thinking about life's triumphs and defeats.

    PubMed

    Lyubomirsky, Sonja; Sousa, Lorie; Dickerhoof, Rene

    2006-04-01

    Three studies considered the consequences of writing, talking, and thinking about significant events. In Studies 1 and 2, students wrote, talked into a tape recorder, or thought privately about their worst (N = 96) or happiest experience (N = 111) for 15 min each during 3 consecutive days. In Study 3 (N = 112), students wrote or thought about their happiest day; half systematically analyzed, and half repetitively replayed this day. Well-being and health measures were administered before each study's manipulation and 4 weeks after. As predicted, in Study 1, participants who processed a negative experience through writing or talking reported improved life satisfaction and enhanced mental and physical health relative to those who thought about it. The reverse effect for life satisfaction was observed in Study 2, which focused on positive experiences. Study 3 examined possible mechanisms underlying these effects. Students who wrote about their happiest moments--especially when analyzing them--experienced reduced well-being and physical health relative to those who replayed these moments. Results are discussed in light of current understanding of the effects of processing life events.

  18. From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Buildings after Disaster, EERE (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-10-01

    Fact sheet offering practical information about building energy efficient buildings and using renewable energy. Includes a checklist and resources. Highlights successful projects in Greensburg, Kansas.

  19. A Place on the Team: The Triumph and Tragedy of Title IX

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suggs, Welch

    2006-01-01

    "A Place on the Team" is the inside story of how Title IX revolutionized American sports. The federal law guaranteeing women's rights in education, Title IX opened gymnasiums and playing fields to millions of young women previously locked out. Journalist Welch Suggs chronicles both the law's successes and failures-the exciting…

  20. Benefits of voluntary industry standards: The triumph of experience over regulation

    SciTech Connect

    O`Leary, J.T.

    1996-12-31

    Voluntary international standards for mining machinery may gradually replace many national regulations. The days of establishing voluntary standards nation by nation, inhibiting the important flow of international trade, could be numbered. This does not mean that nations will cease domestic regulatory activities within their boundaries, but rulemaking will pay considerable attention to voluntary international standards and will likely strive for compatibility with voluntary international standards. International standards setting bodies are developing standards for machine safety. When these standards are complete and adopted, some nations will require machinery to comport with them. International commerce in products that do not conform to these voluntary international standards may be discouraged.

  1. The Triumph of Religious Education for Citizenship in English Schools, 1935-1949

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freathy, Rob

    2008-01-01

    The failure of the Association for Education in Citizenship to gain official support for the secular and pedagogically progressive forms of education for citizenship that its founder members endorsed has previously been explained by the political impotence of the association's founder members and the professional conservatism of the educational…

  2. The Triumph of the Industrial-Consumer Paradigm and English as the Global Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spring, Joel

    2007-01-01

    This article considers the role of English as the global language within the industrial-consumer paradigm. In the 21st century, the English language plays a different function in the global economy than it did during the 19th century when it was used as an instrument of cultural imperialism. Today, English serves as a vehicle for participation in…

  3. The triumph and tragedy of James Baxler Bean, MD, DDS (1834-1870).

    PubMed

    Christen, Arden G; Christen, Joan A

    2003-03-01

    In 1863, James Baxter Bean, a Southern physician and dentist, invented the interdental splint. This device was used to treat hundreds of Confederate soldiers who had received gun shot-related facial and jaw injuries during the Civil War. Made of vulcanized India-rubber, the splint provided a dramatic breakthrough in the treatment of maxillofacial wounds. In an Atlanta, Georgia hospital, Dr. Bean utilized his invention by establishing the first ward devoted exclusively to the treatment of jaw fractures. He also invented an apparatus that manufactured and administered nitrous oxide. Additionally, Bean's groundwork in casting aluminum as a denture base material led to Taggart's later invention (in 1907) of the casting machine. After the Civil War, Dr. Bean became a highly successful dentist, practicing in Baltimore, Maryland. In the fall of 1870, at age 36, Bean, representing the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., traveled to Europe to gather geological specimens. A short time after arriving, Bean decided to climb Mont Blanc with ten other men. The entire group perished in a raging 8-day snow storm on the mountain peak. This tragedy, a compelling drama, is legendary in the annals of mountaineering history. After Dr. Bean's passing, his wife lost her sanity and subsequently died. Later, the death of the couple's only child, Chapin, sadly ended the family line. Although his life was cut short, Bean's contributions to dentistry have been significant and far-reaching.

  4. The Triumph of the Market and the Decline of Liberal Education: Implications for Civic Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roosevelt, Grace

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to argue that the growing commercialization of education and the simultaneous decline of what has traditionally been called "liberal education" will limit the range of political discourse and thus have negative effects on civic life. In a context driven mainly by the profit motive, not-for-profit…

  5. Using Neural Progenitor Cells in High-Throughput Screens for Developmental Neurotoxicants: Triumphs and Tragedies

    EPA Science Inventory

    Current protocols for developmental neurotoxicity testing are insufficient to test thousands of commercial chemicals. Thus, development of highthroughput screens (HTS) to detect and prioritize chemicals that may cause developmental neurotoxicity is needed to improve protection of...

  6. The Mental Health Care Act No 17 - South Africa. Trials and triumphs: 2002-2012.

    PubMed

    Ramlall, S

    2012-11-01

    The Mental Health Care Act 17 of 2002 (MHCA) was promulgated in 2004. It has been hailed as one of the most progressive pieces of mental health legislation. A true measure of its merit is the degree to which it has transformed mental health services and in particular improved the quality of care. This paper will describe the impact of the Act on mental health care service delivery in the country. Literature pertaining to the MHCA published from 2006-2012, a report compiled by the South African Society of Psychiatrists and the results of a national survey conducted among Heads of Departments of Psychiatry, Mental Health Review Boards and Provincial Directors of Mental Health was reviewed. The MHCA has been successful in shifting the emphasis of care from psychiatric institutions to general hospitals. However, the integration of services has been hampered by infrastructure constraints and shortages of mental health personnel. It has been less successful in integrating mental health care into primary health services where the focus remains largely on the pharmacological maintenance treatment of the chronically mentally ill. Little attention has been given to the health promotion, disease prevention and rehabilitation aspects of care. Mental health review boards contend with limited resources, administrative challenges and limited political support. Isolated pockets of success characterised the implementation of the MHCA across the country. Greater investment of resources is needed to ensure the comprehensive implementation of the Act.

  7. From Tragedy to Triumph: Counselor as Companion on the Hero's Journey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halstead, Richard W.

    2000-01-01

    A counselor discusses his experiences while working with a male client on a "hero's journey," or the path to self-realization. The author explains how he grappled with what his role, as counselor, should be in this process. He concludes that he should act as the "hero's travel guide," someone who makes the clients' path shorter, smoother, or less…

  8. In Their Own Words: Researchers' Stories of Challenges and Triumphs in Data Management and Sharing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rebich Hespanha, S.; Menz, S. M.

    2013-12-01

    As data-intensive computational analysis has become more pervasive in the Earth and environmental sciences, the need for adopting new ways to organize, manage, and preserve data has become increasingly apparent. As more and more data are collected, the benefits (or potential benefits) of sharing and re-using these data become ever more obvious. Technically-inclined disciplinary scientists, informaticians, and advocates of open science have already begun working together to develop tools and best practices that help to pave the way for a new era in data management and sharing. In spite of these innovative (and mostly technical) advances, researchers who wish to effectively manage and re-use data, or who are obligated by funding requirements to do so, still face many challenges. Here we report on the DataONE Data Stories project, which is focused on collecting researchers' stories about conflicts and successes that they have encountered when managing data and making efforts to share or re-use data. We highlight the types of events and situations that commonly lead to conflict or obstacles for the researchers we have interviewed. We emphasize in particular those difficulties for which no adequate technical solutions currently exist, or for which technical solutions do not seem to be appropriate, in the hope that our analysis of these stories will stimulate dialogue about the kinds of technical, social, and cultural solutions most needed to accelerate growth in better data management and sharing. Finally, we provide examples of how we have incorporated some of the researchers' data stories into the DataONE data management curriculum in order to support higher levels of engagement with the material and foster discussion among researchers about the complexities of the challenges they will likely encounter as they explore the world of data stewardship and reuse.

  9. The Rise, Fall and Subsequent Triumph of Thalidomide: Lessons Learned in Drug Development

    PubMed Central

    Rehman, Waqas; Arfons, Lisa M.; Lazarus, Hillard M.

    2011-01-01

    Perhaps no other drug in modern medicine rivals the dramatic revitalization of thalidomide. Originally marketed as a sedative, thalidomide gained immense popularity worldwide among pregnant women because of its effective anti-emetic properties in morning sickness. Mounting evidence of human teratogenicity marked a dramatic fall from grace and led to widespread social, legal and economic ramifications. Despite its tragic past thalidomide emerged several decades later as a novel and highly effective agent in the treatment of various inflammatory and malignant diseases. In 2006 thalidomide completed its remarkable renaissance becoming the first new agent in over a decade to gain approval for the treatment of plasma cell myeloma. The catastrophic collapse yet subsequent revival of thalidomide provides important lessons in drug development. Never entirely abandoned by the medical community, thalidomide resurfaced as an important drug once the mechanisms of action were further studied and better understood. Ongoing research and development of related drugs such as lenalidomide now represent a class of irreplaceable drugs in hematological malignancies. Further, the tragedies associated with this agent stimulated the legislation which revamped the FDA regulatory process, expanded patient informed consent procedures and mandated more transparency from drug manufacturers. Finally, we review recent clinical trials summarizing selected medical indications for thalidomide with an emphasis on hematologic malignancies. Herein, we provide a historic perspective regarding the up-and-down development of thalidomide. Using PubMed databases we conducted searches using thalidomide and associated keywords highlighting pharmacology, mechanisms of action, and clinical uses. PMID:23556097

  10. Pioglitazone (Actos) and bladder cancer: Legal system triumphs over the evidence.

    PubMed

    Davidson, Mayer B

    2016-08-01

    In preclinical studies, pioglitazone was associated with bladder cancer in male rats (but not in female rats, mice dogs or monkeys). Because of this association, the Federal Drug Administration requested a large 10year epidemiological study to evaluate whether there was an association between bladder cancer and exposure to pioglitazone in patients. A 5-year interim report published in 2011 showed no significant association between ever vs never exposure to the drug but a significant association in patients exposed to pioglitazone for >2years. Importantly, the final 10year report did not confirm the 5year interim report finding no association between bladder cancer and pioglitazone, even after >4years of exposure to the drug. However, as would be expected, following the 5-year interim report, many epidemiological studies were carried out and civil litigation lawsuits began to be filed. Of the 23 epidemiological studies that have been published to date, 18 showed no association between bladder cancer and pioglitazone (5 with a combination of rosiglitazone and pioglitazone). Of the five that did show a significant association with pioglitazone, three could not be confirmed in the same population and in one of them there were significantly more risk factors for bladder cancer in the patients exposed to pioglitazone. In the fourth one, a significant association became non-significant when patients >79years were included. In the fifth one, detection bias was a major flaw. Currently, >11,000 legal cases have been filed, many of which claim emotional distress due to the fear of bladder cancer. To limit their legal costs, the pharmaceutical company has established a 2.4 billion dollar settlement pool. So much for evidence-based medicine. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Managing sudden oak death on federal lands in southwest Oregon: triumphs and challenges

    Treesearch

    Ellen Michaels Goheen

    2017-01-01

    Since 2001, approximately 5,350 acres of tanoak forests in Curry County, Oregon have been treated to eradicate Phytophthora ramorum and slow the spread of sudden oak death. Over 1,300 of these acres are on lands administered by the USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM CB), Coos Bay District and the USDA Forest Service, Rogue River-Siskiyou...

  12. The Triumph of Religious Education for Citizenship in English Schools, 1935-1949

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freathy, Rob

    2008-01-01

    The failure of the Association for Education in Citizenship to gain official support for the secular and pedagogically progressive forms of education for citizenship that its founder members endorsed has previously been explained by the political impotence of the association's founder members and the professional conservatism of the educational…

  13. The Court That Devoured the Fourth Amendment: The Triumph of an Inconsistent Exclusionary Doctrine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkoff, John M.

    1979-01-01

    Highlights some areas of Fourth Amendment doctrinal inconsistencies in Supreme Court decisions and recommends how these inconsistencies can and should be resolved. Available from School of Law, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403. (Author/IRT)

  14. Fighting the "Damnable Triumph" of Feminism: Battles between Teachers' Unions in Interwar Britain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Dolly Smith

    2007-01-01

    The interwar decades saw a bitter recruiting war between the NUT (National Union of Teachers), the National Union of Women Teachers (NUWT), and the National Association of Schoolmasters (NAS), which like the NUWT broke away from the NUT in the early 1920s. The NAS opposed the NUT's official policy shift to support equal pay for male and female…

  15. Triumph or Triage? The World Food Problem in Geographical Perspective. Resource Paper No. 75-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, C. Gregory; Wilcox, R. Paul

    Emphasizing a problem-solving perspective, the document investigates the world food scene. Simply defined, the world food problem is the apparent inability of the world's people to feed themselves adequately and consistently. Intended for use by college level geography instructors as they develop courses on human uses of the environment, the…

  16. Digging for answers, smelling a hint of success and tasting triumph

    PubMed Central

    Noel, Joseph P

    2010-01-01

    The C12 ‘earthy’ odorant geosmin is derived from the C15 metabolite farnesyl diphosphate. Metabolic transformation now seems to be catalyzed by a bifunctional protein having two operatively independent sesquiterpene synthase domains. The domains are catalytically linked through the passive diffusion of a C15 alcohol product of the N-terminal catalytic domain to the C-terminal catalytic domain for the final steps of geosmin formation. PMID:17948014

  17. A Triumph of Hope over Reason? Aid Accords and Education Policy in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colclough, Christopher; Webb, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Despite a long history of post-independence aid to education, Kenya's relationships with overseas donors have, until recently, been markedly fractious. Donors' concerns about transparency and corruption, in the context of a political regime which became increasingly authoritarian, led to sharp reductions in aid to Kenyan education during the…

  18. Surviving the Crossfire: Walla Walla's Mentoring Program Helps Neophytes Triumph over the Challenges of Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linik, Joyce Riha

    2001-01-01

    In Walla Walla (Washington), an award-winning teacher mentoring program has boosted the new-teacher retention rate to 93 percent. With state funding, the program assigns each new teacher a "peer coach" and a "peer mentor," then provides training and support for all concerned. The program has become a good recruitment and…

  19. From Tragedy to Triumph - Rebuilding Green Homes after Disaster (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-04-01

    Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Fact Sheets, No. 1. Series to include practical, useful info to help people change their behavior around energy usage and "greenness". Greensburg is hanging its future on sustainable development; these fact sheet sheets should help citizens understand what they can do to be a part of that focus. Fact Sheets cover: saving energy and water, using renewable energy (particular interest in small wind), driving "green", general sustainability, living green.

  20. "Managing" the poor: neoliberalism, Medicaid HMOs and the triumph of consumerism among the poor.

    PubMed

    Maskovsky, J

    2000-10-01

    In order to explore the contradictions of neoliberal health policy, this article examines Medicaid managed care in Philadelphia. At the federal and state levels, government is increasingly promoting private-sector market-based strategies over policies formerly associated with the welfare state, arguing that the former are the most effective means of achieving economic growth and guaranteeing social welfare. A prime example of this shift, Medicaid managed care is a policy by which states contract with private-sector health maintenance organizations to provide health coverage to the poor. Drawing on ethnographic and historical data, this paper shows how Pennsylvania's Medicaid managed care program has created access barriers for poor Philadelphians. It also illustrates how ideologies that justify this policy shift serve to mask its detrimental effects on the poor. By contrasting the state's consumerist model with one group's protest efforts, this article calls into question the neoliberal ideology that undergirds health and welfare "reform."

  1. Artistic Triumph or Multicultural Failure?: Multiple Perspectives on a "Multicultural" Award-Winning Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smolkin, Laura B.; Suina, Joseph H.

    1997-01-01

    Explores the responses of a range of adults (all five Pueblo Indians) to one children's book, "Arrow to the Sun," based on a Pueblo Indian tale and written by a non-Indian. Discusses concerns for accuracy, authenticity, and sensitivity. Finds widely differing responses to the book among Eastern and Western Pueblo members. Reconsiders pedagogies,…

  2. A Triumph of Hope over Reason? Aid Accords and Education Policy in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colclough, Christopher; Webb, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Despite a long history of post-independence aid to education, Kenya's relationships with overseas donors have, until recently, been markedly fractious. Donors' concerns about transparency and corruption, in the context of a political regime which became increasingly authoritarian, led to sharp reductions in aid to Kenyan education during the…

  3. A Place on the Team: The Triumph and Tragedy of Title IX

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suggs, Welch

    2006-01-01

    "A Place on the Team" is the inside story of how Title IX revolutionized American sports. The federal law guaranteeing women's rights in education, Title IX opened gymnasiums and playing fields to millions of young women previously locked out. Journalist Welch Suggs chronicles both the law's successes and failures-the exciting…

  4. The triumph of the null hypothesis: epidemiology in an age of change

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Summary The recent confusion concerning the relation between hormone replacement therapy and cardiovascular disease has stirred a new wave of debate about the value and future of epidemiology. Opponents of epidemiology suggest an ever-diminishing role in an age of small risks and complex diseases, yet proponents are not in consensus about how to adapt their discipline to the challenges associated with ageing societies and changing disease patterns. While epidemiology is likely to be increasingly called upon to make sense of the risks involved with these changes, wading into this era with a mindset and tools that were derived from epidemiology's ‘golden era’ of tackling major risk factors, has created more confusion than understanding. Increasingly, we need to downsize epidemiology to what is testable, measurable, and relevant, based on robust methodology and public health rationale. Applying an evolutionary perspective, that views health problems of modernity as a manifestation of the mismatch between our ancient genes and hi-tech lifestyles, can provide guidance for a 21st century research agenda. PMID:19091776

  5. Triumphs Show: Getting Year 10 beyond Trivial Judgements of "Bias": Towards Victory in "That" Battle …

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinks, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Back in 1993 and 2000, Lang and LeCocq, respectively, in their reactions against reductive and de-contextualised forms of "source work", pointed out that all sources do hold value in some way, even, and often especially, in those aspects that might be deemed "biased". The author's Year 10s' difficulty in shaking off a certain…

  6. Development of a nurse practice arrangement in rural Appalachia: triumphs and challenges.

    PubMed

    McDaniel, Janet; Strauss, Sarah S

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the development of a nurse practice arrangement for delivery of health services via a mobile health clinic to an underserved, rural Appalachian community in southwestern Virginia. Faculty, students, and staff worked with nontraditional community partners to develop case management strategies for diverse populations of Appalachian and Hispanic clients. The roles of students, faculty, and staff and the successes and obstacles in delivering health services through a university-based outreach program are discussed.

  7. Piecing Together the Roman Empire: A Story of Discovery and Triumph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richmond, Julie A.; And Others

    This story, written by middle school students and their teacher at Kingsbury School in Michigan, concerns the Ancient Roman Empire and is designed to be used to teach other middle school students. The story depicts a quest to reconstruct the Roman Empire from its beginnings as Ancient Italy, as a republic in the sixth century B.C., to the height…

  8. Piecing Together the Roman Empire: A Story of Discovery and Triumph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richmond, Julie A.; And Others

    This story, written by middle school students and their teacher at Kingsbury School in Michigan, concerns the Ancient Roman Empire and is designed to be used to teach other middle school students. The story depicts a quest to reconstruct the Roman Empire from its beginnings as Ancient Italy, as a republic in the sixth century B.C., to the height…

  9. Experiences of Secondary Hispanic Immigrant Students: Their Stories of Challenge and Triumph

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCartney, Cynthia; Harris, Sandra; Farrow, Vicky

    2012-01-01

    Secondary Hispanic immigrant students have many struggles and barriers to overcome. This qualitative study investigated the experiences of 10 secondary immigrant Hispanic students, all non-English speakers, as they lived and attended high school in the United States. Narrative techniques were used to explore the challenges they faced in culture,…

  10. Infectious diseases during the Civil War: the triumph of the "Third Army".

    PubMed

    Sartin, J S

    1993-04-01

    The American Civil War represents a landmark in military and medical history as the last large-scale conflict fought without knowledge of the germ theory of disease. Unsound hygiene, dietary deficiencies, and battle wounds set the stage for epidemic infection, while inadequate information about disease causation greatly hampered disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Pneumonia, typhoid, diarrhea/dysentery, and malaria were the predominant illnesses. Altogether, two-thirds of the approximately 660,000 deaths of soldiers were caused by uncontrolled infectious diseases, and epidemics played a major role in halting several major campaigns. These delays, coming at a crucial point early in the war, prolonged the fighting by as much as 2 years.

  11. Towards a Reassessment and a Realignment of Higher Education: The Triumph of the Technocrat?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Keith

    1992-01-01

    Common issues in a review of seven books related to changes in higher education were: expansions, growth, and diversity in 1960s and 1970s; convergence between technological and general academic institutions in the 1970s; institutional autonomy and the role of the state in the 1980s; and governmental pressure to conform to a commercial model of…

  12. Anatomy of a Municipal Triumph: New York City's Upsurge in Life Expectancy

    PubMed Central

    Preston, Samuel H.; Elo, Irma T.

    2014-01-01

    Over the period 1990–2010, the increase in life expectancy for males in New York City was 6.0 years greater than for males in the United States. The female relative gain was 3.9 years. Male relative gains were larger because of extremely rapid reductions in mortality from HIV/AIDS and homicide, declines that reflect effective municipal policies and programs. Declines in drug- and alcohol-related deaths also played a significant role in New York City's advance, but every major cause of death contributed to its relative improvement. By 2010, New York City had a life expectancy that was 1.9 years greater than that of the US. This difference is attributable to the high representation of immigrants in New York's population. Immigrants to New York City, and to the United States, have life expectancies that are among the highest in the world. The fact that 38 percent of New York's population consists of immigrants, compared to only 14 percent in the United States, accounts for New York's exceptional standing in life expectancy in 2010. In fact, US-born New Yorkers have a life expectancy below that of the United States itself. PMID:25843989

  13. Canada in the 21st Century - Triumph or Tragedy? The Front Line.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilgour, David

    1996-01-01

    Argues that new patterns of trade and production combined with an emphasis on a knowledge-based economy/society make it imperative that Canada upgrade its educational system. Specifically notes that several growing and dominant industries (microelectronics, biotechnology, telecommunications) require a high-tech skilled labor force. (MJP)

  14. Fighting the "Damnable Triumph" of Feminism: Battles between Teachers' Unions in Interwar Britain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Dolly Smith

    2007-01-01

    The interwar decades saw a bitter recruiting war between the NUT (National Union of Teachers), the National Union of Women Teachers (NUWT), and the National Association of Schoolmasters (NAS), which like the NUWT broke away from the NUT in the early 1920s. The NAS opposed the NUT's official policy shift to support equal pay for male and female…

  15. Managed care's reconstruction of human existence: the triumph of technical reason.

    PubMed

    Phillips, James

    2002-01-01

    To achieve its goals of managing and restricting access to psychiatric care, managed care organizations rely on an instrument, the outpatient treatment report, that carries significant implications about how they view psychiatric patients and psychiatric care. In addition to involving ethical transgressions such as violation of patient confidentiality, denial of access to care, spurious use of concepts like quality of care, and harassment of practitioners, the managed care approach also depends on an overly technical, instrumental interpretation of human beings and psychiatric treatment. It is this grounding of managed care in technical reason that I will explore in this study. I begin with a review of a typical outpatient treatment report and show how, with its dependence on the DSM-IV, on behavioral symptoms and patient 'functioning', on the biomedical model of psychiatric illness, and on gross quantitative measures, the report results in a crude, skeletonized view of the human being as a congeries of behavioral symptoms and functions. I then develop the managed care construal of human existence further by showing its grounding in technical reason, exploring the latter in its modern embodiment and deriving it and its opposite, practical reason, from Aristotle's distinction between technical and practical reason, techne and phronesis. In this analysis of the role of technical reason in managed care, I point out that managed care did not have to develop its rationale de novo but could rather lift its arguments, e.g. the biomedical model, from contemporary psychiatry and simply apply them in a restrictive manner. Finally, I conclude this study by arguing for psychiatry's status as a discipline of practical knowledge.

  16. Geography via the Overhead Projector: Do It This Way, 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Best, Thomas D.

    This booklet is designed to assist teachers in their use of overhead projectors when teaching geography. With the overhead technique, relationships among patterns can be suggested bit by bit on inexpensive, easily prepared overlays that are projected to sizes appropriate for a particular instructional situation. A general discussion of the…

  17. Even during Hiring Freezes, Many Colleges Stick with Sustainability Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2009-01-01

    Michael J. O'Connor, the physical-plant director at Appalachian State University, is watching his staff shrink bit by bit. When people leave, he's not rehiring. There is one exception to his staffing plan, however. Despite the economic duress, he is conducting a national search for a sustainability director. The university has ambitious…

  18. Even during Hiring Freezes, Many Colleges Stick with Sustainability Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Scott

    2009-01-01

    Michael J. O'Connor, the physical-plant director at Appalachian State University, is watching his staff shrink bit by bit. When people leave, he's not rehiring. There is one exception to his staffing plan, however. Despite the economic duress, he is conducting a national search for a sustainability director. The university has ambitious…

  19. Program Converts VAX Floating-Point Data To UNIX

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alves, Marcos; Chapman, Bruce; Chu, Eugene

    1996-01-01

    VAX Floating Point to Host Floating Point Conversion (VAXFC) software converts non-ASCII files to unformatted floating-point representation of UNIX machine. This is done by reading bytes bit by bit, converting them to floating-point numbers, then writing results to another file. Useful when data files created by VAX computer must be used on other machines. Written in C language.

  20. Program Converts VAX Floating-Point Data To UNIX

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alves, Marcos; Chapman, Bruce; Chu, Eugene

    1996-01-01

    VAX Floating Point to Host Floating Point Conversion (VAXFC) software converts non-ASCII files to unformatted floating-point representation of UNIX machine. This is done by reading bytes bit by bit, converting them to floating-point numbers, then writing results to another file. Useful when data files created by VAX computer must be used on other machines. Written in C language.

  1. Triumph of the Heart - The Story of Statins Jack Li Jie Triumph of the Heart - The Story of Statins 218pp Oxford University Press 9780195323573 0195323572 [Formula: see text].

    PubMed

    2010-11-03

    Statins have helped to control high cholesterol, one of the three major risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Jie Jack Li, a medicinal chemist at Pfizer Global Research and Development, offers a fascinating pharmaceutical account of the history of statins, from initial discovery and animal and clinical trials to large-scale manufacturing and marketing.

  2. Images of Struggle and Triumph: Using Picture Books to Teach about the Civil Rights Movement in the Secondary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Karen H.; Sheffield, Caroline C.; Ford, Martha B.; Cruz, Barbara C.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes four picture books ("Mississippi Morning" written by Ruth Vander Zee, "Dad, Jackie, and Me" written by Myron Uhlberg, "Freedom on the Menu" written by Carole Boston Weatherford, and "A Sweet Smell of Roses" written by Angela Johnson) that provide a concise (yet nuanced) chronicle of the civil rights movement--from the Jim…

  3. The trials, tribulations, and triumphs of black faculty in the math and science pipeline: A life history approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Lisa D.

    2000-12-01

    This study explores the career progression and life history of black mathematicians and scientists who teach on university faculties in the United States. It investigates the following questions: Why are there so few black mathematicians and scientists in colleges and universities in the United States? What is the experience of black students who express an interest in science and math? What barriers do black scientists and mathematicians face as they move through school towards their career in higher education? What factors facilitate their success? The current literature shows that there are few women and minorities teaching or working in math and science compared to white men, although reasons for this underrepresentation are still not well understood. I explored this phenomenon by conducting two sets of in-depth interviews with twelve black faculty, six women, six men, from both historically black and predominantly white higher educational institutions in the United States. My interviews were based upon a life history approach that identified the participants' perceptions of the barriers and obstacles, as well as the supports and facilitators encountered in their schooling and career progression. The findings from the study show the importance of a strong family, community, and teacher support for the participants throughout their schooling. Support systems continued to be important in their faculty positions. These support systems include extended family members, teachers, community members, supervisors, and classmates, who serve as role models and mentors. The life study interviews provide striking evidence of the discrimination, isolation, and harassment due to race and gender experienced by black male and female mathematicians and scientists. The racial discrimination and the compounding effect of racism and sexism play out differently for the male and female participants in this study. This study suggests directions for future research on the experiences of young black students who are currently in the math and science educational pipeline. It also offers recommendations for ways in which parents, teachers, administrators, faculty, advisors, and government officials can enhance the educational experiences of black students who express interest and have skills in math and science.

  4. Under severe HLB and citrus canker pressure, 'Triumph' and 'Jackson' perform better than 'Flame' and 'Marsh' grapefruit

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Huanglongbing (HLB) and Citrus Canker (CC) threaten the viability of Florida grapefruit production. ‘Triumph’ (T), reportedly a grapefruit/sweet orange hybrid, is similar to seedy white grapefruit with earlier maturity and lower bitterness. ‘Jackson’ (J) is a low-seeded budsport of ‘Triumph’. Tree h...

  5. S. Burt Wolbach, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and blood-sucking arthropods: triumph of an early investigative pathologist.

    PubMed

    Musser, James M

    2013-02-01

    In a series of four articles published between 1916 and 1919 in The Journal of Medical Research, precursor to The American Journal of Pathology, the investigative pathologist S. Burt Wolbach unambiguously showed that Rocky Mountain spotted fever has a tick-borne mode of transmission, the causative agent replicates intracellularly, and the disease is fundamentally a vasculitis. Although underappreciated, Wolbach's tour-de-force work epitomized investigative pathology. These four articles should be mandatory reading for young investigators and are recommended also to seasoned investigators who seek reinvigoration in the beauty in their craft.

  6. Love is the triumph of the imagination: Daydreams about significant others are associated with increased happiness, love and connection.

    PubMed

    Poerio, Giulia L; Totterdell, Peter; Emerson, Lisa-Marie; Miles, Eleanor

    2015-05-01

    Social relationships and interactions contribute to daily emotional well-being. The emotional benefits that come from engaging with others are known to arise from real events, but do they also come from the imagination during daydreaming activity? Using experience sampling methodology with 101 participants, we obtained 371 reports of naturally occurring daydreams with social and non-social content and self-reported feelings before and after daydreaming. Social, but not non-social, daydreams were associated with increased happiness, love and connection and this effect was not solely attributable to the emotional content of the daydreams. These effects were only present when participants were lacking in these feelings before daydreaming and when the daydream involved imagining others with whom the daydreamer had a high quality relationship. Findings are consistent with the idea that social daydreams may function to regulate emotion: imagining close others may serve the current emotional needs of daydreamers by increasing positive feelings towards themselves and others.

  7. "A triumph of brains over brute": women and science at the Horticultural College, Swanley, 1890-1910.

    PubMed

    Opitz, Donald L

    2013-03-01

    The founding of Britain's first horticultural college in 1889 advanced a scientific and coeducational response to three troubling national concerns: a major agricultural depression; the economic distress of single, unemployed women; and imperatives to develop the colonies. Buoyed by the technical instruction and women's movements, the Horticultural College and Produce Company, Limited, at Swanley, Kent, crystallized a transformation in the horticultural profession in which new science-based, formalized study threatened an earlier emphasis on practical apprenticeship training, with the effect of opening male-dominated trades to women practitioners. By 1903, the college closed its doors to male students, and new pathways were forged for women students interested in pursuing further scientific study. Resistance to the Horticultural College's model of science-based women's horticultural education positioned science and women as contested subjects throughout this period of horticulture's expansion in the academy.

  8. The Acquisition of Cultural Competence: A Phenomenological Inquiry Highlighting the Processes, Challenges and Triumphs of Counselor Education Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Douglas L.

    2012-01-01

    Although research has effectively isolated and identified the key characteristics of a culturally competent counselor, there are few studies regarding the acquisition of these characteristics. To close the gap between theory and practice, studies are needed researching the emergence and, acquisition of these characteristics. This study explores…

  9. New-onset atrial fibrillation after acute myocardial infarction and its relation to admission biomarkers (from the TRIUMPH registry).

    PubMed

    Parashar, Susmita; Kella, Danesh; Reid, Kimberly J; Spertus, John A; Tang, Fengming; Langberg, Jonathan; Vaccarino, Viola; Kontos, Michael C; Lopes, Renato D; Lloyd, Michael S

    2013-11-01

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an independent predictor of mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We analyzed the relation between biomarkers linked to myocardial stretch (NT-pro-brain natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]), myocardial damage (Troponin-T [TnT]), and inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP]) and new-onset AF during AMI to identify patients at high risk for AF. In a prospective multicenter registry of AMI patients (from the Translational Research Investigating Underlying disparities in recovery from acute Myocardial infarction: Patients' Health status registry), we measured NT-proBNP, TnT, and hs-CRP in patients without a history of AF (n = 2,370). New-onset AF was defined as AF that occurred during the index hospitalization. Hierarchical multivariate logistic regression models were used to determine the association of biomarkers with new-onset AF, after adjusting for other covariates. New-onset AF was documented in 114 patients with AMI (4.8%; mean age 58 years; 32% women). For each twofold increase in NT-proBNP, there was an 18% increase in the rate of AF (odds ratio [OR] 1.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03 to 1.35; p <0.02). Similarly, for every twofold increase in hs-CRP, there was a 15% increase in the rate of AF (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.30; p = 0.02). TnT was not independently associated with new-onset AF (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.07; p = 0.3). NT-proBNP and hs-CRP were independently associated with new in-hospital AF after MI, in both men and women, irrespective of race. Our study suggests that markers of myocardial stretch and inflammation, but not the amount of myocardial necrosis, are important determinants of AF in the setting of AMI.

  10. News from Front (of the Solar System): the problem with Mercury, the Vulcan hypothesis, and General Relativity's first astronomical triumph

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheehan, William

    2016-01-01

    The discovery of the outer planet Neptune in 1846, based on the calculated position published by Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier, has been hailed as the "zenith of Newtonian mechanics." An attempt by Le Verrier to further extend the dominion of Newton's gravitational theory to the innermost known planet of the Solar System, Mercury, seemingly came to grief with the discovery of a small unexplained discrepancy in the precession of the perihelion of Mercury, whose value was later calculated as 43".0 per century. Le Verrier proposed that it could be explained on the basis of Newtonian theory by assuming the existence of an intra-mercurial planet ("Vulcan") or ring of debris. Efforts to confirm this hypothesis, culminating in high drama on the plains of the western United States at the great North American solar eclipse of July 1878, proved futile; by 1908, W. W. Campbell and C.D. Perrine of Lick Observatory, who had carried out exhaustive photographic searches at three eclipses (1901, 1905, and 1908) could declare that Vulcan did not exist. The theoretical problem it was invoked to explain remained until November 1915, when Albert Einstein used the recently discovered generally covariant gravitational equations to put the problem to rest. "Perihelion motions explained quantitatively … you will be astonished," he wrote to his friend Michael Besso.

  11. Detection of HLA Antibodies in Organ Transplant Recipients – Triumphs and Challenges of the Solid Phase Bead Assay

    PubMed Central

    Tait, Brian D.

    2016-01-01

    This review outlines the development of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody detection assays and their use in organ transplantation in both antibody screening and crossmatching. The development of sensitive solid phase assays such as the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique, and in particular the bead-based technology has revolutionized this field over the last 10–15 years. This revolution however has created a new paradigm in clinical decision making with respect to the detection of low level pretransplant HLA sensitization and its clinical relevance. The relative sensitivities of the assays used are discussed and the relevance of conflicting inter-assay results. Each assay has its advantages and disadvantages and these are discussed. Over the last decade, the bead-based assay utilizing the Luminex® fluorocytometer instrument has become established as the “gold standard” for HLA antibody testing. However, there are still unresolved issues surrounding this technique, such as the presence of denatured HLA molecules on the beads which reveal cryptic epitopes and the issue of appropriate fluorescence cut off values for positivity. The assay has been modified to detect complement binding (CB) in addition to non-complement binding (NCB) HLA antibodies although the clinical relevance of the CB and NCB IgG isotypes is not fully resolved. The increase sensitivity of the Luminex® bead assay over the complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatch has permitted the concept of the “virtual crossmatch” whereby the crossmatch is predicted to a high degree of accuracy based on the HLA antibody specificities detected by the solid phase assay. Dialog between clinicians and laboratory staff on an individual patient basis is essential for correct clinical decision making based on HLA antibody results obtained by the various techniques. PMID:28018342

  12. Remnant Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Mortality After Acute Myocardial Infarction: Further Evidence for a Hypercholesterolemia Paradox From the TRIUMPH Registry.

    PubMed

    Martin, Seth S; Faridi, Kamil F; Joshi, Parag H; Blaha, Michael J; Kulkarni, Krishnaji R; Khokhar, Arif A; Maddox, Thomas M; Havranek, Edward P; Toth, Peter P; Tang, Fengming; Spertus, John A; Jones, Steven R

    2015-11-01

    Remnants are partially hydrolyzed, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins that, like other apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins, are atherogenic. Prior observational studies suggest paradoxically better outcomes in hypercholesterolemic patients who sustain an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), one of several known recurrent risk paradoxes. To date, the association of directly measured remnant lipoprotein cholesterol (RLP-C) with survival after an AMI has not been examined. Higher RLP-C levels may be paradoxically associated with lower mortality. We examined 2465 AMI survivors in a prospective, 24-center US study of AMI outcomes. Lipoprotein cholesterol subfractions were directly measured by ultracentrifugation. RLP-C was defined as intermediate-density lipoprotein cholesterol (IDL-C) + very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol subfraction 3 (VLDL3 -C). Given a linear relationship between RLP-C and mortality, we examined RLP-C by tertiles and continuously. Cox regression hazard ratios (HRs) were adjusted for the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score and 23 other covariates. Participants were age 58 ± 12 years (mean ± SD), and 68% were men. After 2 years of follow-up, 226 (9%) participants died. The mortality proportion was 12.4% in the lowest tertile of RLP-C (0-15 mg/dL), 8.5% in the middle tertile (16-23 mg/dL), and 6.8% in the highest tertile (24-120 mg/dL; P < 0.001). A 1-SD increase in RLP-C (11 mg/dL) predicted a 24% lower adjusted risk of 2-year mortality (HR: 0.76, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.64-0.91). Similar results were found for a 1-SD increase in IDL-C (HR per 8 mg/dL: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.67-0.96), VLDL3 -C (HR per 4 mg/dL: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.61-0.89), and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C; HR per 8 mg/dL: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.55-0.85). Higher RLP-C levels were associated with lower mortality 2 years after AMI despite rigorous adjustment for known confounders. Unknown protective factors or a lead-time bias likely explains the paradox. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Images of Struggle and Triumph: Using Picture Books to Teach about the Civil Rights Movement in the Secondary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Karen H.; Sheffield, Caroline C.; Ford, Martha B.; Cruz, Barbara C.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes four picture books ("Mississippi Morning" written by Ruth Vander Zee, "Dad, Jackie, and Me" written by Myron Uhlberg, "Freedom on the Menu" written by Carole Boston Weatherford, and "A Sweet Smell of Roses" written by Angela Johnson) that provide a concise (yet nuanced) chronicle of the civil rights movement--from the Jim…

  14. Triumph or Tragedy: Comparing Student Engagement Levels of Members of Greek-Letter Organizations and Other Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayek, John C.; Carini, Robert M.; O'Day, Patrick T.; Kuh, George D.

    2002-01-01

    This study compared the levels of student engagement between fraternity and sorority members and other undergraduate students. After controls, Greek members appeared to be equally and sometimes more engaged in academically challenging tasks, active learning, student-faculty interaction, community service, diversity, satisfaction, and on learning…

  15. Trouble and Triumph: German Life-Turkish Tradition in Renan Demirkan's "Schwarzer Tee mit drei Stuck Zucker"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebert, Reika

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores Demirkan's narrative strategies in "Schwarzer Tee mit drei Stuck Zucker" to negotiate issues of a life between two cultures and traditions. Based on Bhabha's insights that mainstream culture needs intellectual and artistic infusion from the margins of a society in order to remain vital; and that cultural production…

  16. Overcoming dendritic cell tardiness to triumph over IL-13 receptor: a strategy for the development of effective pediatric vaccines.

    PubMed

    Hoeman, Christine; Dhakal, Mermagya; Zaghouani, Habib

    2010-06-01

    Neonatal exposure to antigen gives rise to a primary response comprising both T helper 1 (Th1) and T helper 2 (Th2) lymphocytes. However, re-encounter with the same antigen yields an indubitably biased response with minimal Th1 but excessive Th2 cells. Since Th1 cells combat microbes while Th2 cells react to allergens, the neonate faces susceptibility to both microbial infections and allergic reactions. The Th1/Th2 imbalance of neonatal immunity stems from a delayed maturation of dendritic cells that yields limited IL-12 cytokine during the neonatal stage. Th1 cells developing under these circumstances up-regulate the IL-13Ralpha1 chain that physically associates with the IL-4Ralpha chain, forming a potentially hazardous heteroreceptor. During re-challenge with antigen, IL-4 from Th2 cells utilizes the heteroreceptor to signal the death of Th1 cells, leading to the Th2 bias of neonatal immunity. Our view to overcome Th1 deficiency is to supplement neonatal immunizations with toll-like receptor ligands that could stimulate maturation of dendritic cells and augment IL-12 production to counter IL-13Ralpha1 up-regulation. This regimen would yield Th1 cells devoid of the heteroreceptor and resistant to IL-4-induced apoptosis. Accordingly, the neonate would have balanced Th1/Th2 immunity and withstand both microbes and allergens. Such approaches could open new avenues for better pediatric vaccines and allergy therapies.

  17. The Dewey School as Triumph, Tragedy, and Misunderstood: Exploring the Myths and Historiography of the University of Chicago Laboratory School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fallace, Thomas; Fantozzi, Victoria

    2017-01-01

    Background/Context: Over the last century, perhaps no school in American history has been studied more than John Dewey's Laboratory School at the University of Chicago (1896-1904). Scholars have published dozens of articles, books, essays, and assessments of a school that existed for only seven and a half years. Purpose/Objective/Research…

  18. Bridge of Signs: Can Sign Language Empower Non-Deaf Children to Triumph over Their Communication Disabilities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toth, Anne

    2009-01-01

    This pilot research project examined the use of sign language as a communication bridge for non-Deaf children between the ages of 0-6 years who had been diagnosed with, or whose communication difficulties suggested, the presence of such disorders as Autism, Down Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), and/or learning disabilities.…

  19. Inspiration in the harness of daily labor. Darwin, botany, and the triumph of evolution, 1859-1868.

    PubMed

    Bellon, Richard

    2011-09-01

    Charles Darwin hoped that a large body of working naturalists would embrace evolution after the Origin of Species appeared in late 1859. He was disappointed. His evolutionary ideas at first made painfully little progress in the scientific community. But by 1863 the tide had turned dramatically, and within five years evolution became scientific orthodoxy in Britain. The Origin's reception followed this peculiar trajectory because Darwin had not initially tied its theory to productive original scientific investigation, which left him vulnerable to charges of reckless speculation. The debate changed with his successful application of evolution to original problems, most notably orchid fertilization, the subject of a well-received book in 1862. Most of Darwin's colleagues found the argument of the Origin convincing when they realized that it functioned productively in the day-to-day work of science-and not before. The conceptual force of the Origin, however outwardly persuasive, acquired full scientific legitimacy only when placed "in the harness of daily labour".

  20. Lessons learned from undertaking community-based participatory research dissertations: the trials and triumphs of two junior health scholars.

    PubMed

    Khobzi, Nooshin; Flicker, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    For graduate students addressing health issues pertinent to marginalized communities, community-based participatory research (CBPR) methods may be an appropriate mode of inquiry. Although there are a number of useful guides on conducting traditional doctoral dissertations (TDD), there is a paucity of similar resources for students engaged in CBPR. Drawing on our own experiences, we aimed to describe the key lessons learned from doing participatory doctoral research. Furthermore, this paper outlines 6 suggestions for those who may be considering or already conducting a CBPR dissertation. Suggestions are derived from elements of the CBPR process that were employed in our own projects. Upon reflection on our experiences conducting CBPR dissertations, we identified 4 lessons learned: (1) to understand the differences between TDDs and the CBPR approach; (2) to be aware of and able to clearly articulate the advantages of CBPR doctoral dissertations; (3) to acknowledge and plan for the possible challenges of CBPR doctoral research; and (4) to recognize aspects of the CBPR process that contribute to the successful completion of doctoral projects. This paper provides an additional resource for doctoral students, based on our own experiences working on CBPR projects. Despite many of the obstacles and challenges, we found the process of engaging in CBPR dissertations deeply rewarding, and hope that our experiences are useful to others.

  1. The Tragedy and Triumph of Minamata: A Paradigm for Understanding Ecological, Human-Environment and Culture-Technology Interactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allchin, Douglas

    1999-01-01

    Contends that the example of mercury poisoning in Minamata, Japan can be used as a paradigm for teaching ecology and science-and-society issues. Discusses the history and science of the pollution and poisoning, and considers the social and cultural consequences of the incident, some aspects of causation and responsibility, and some aspects of…

  2. Bridge of Signs: Can Sign Language Empower Non-Deaf Children to Triumph over Their Communication Disabilities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toth, Anne

    2009-01-01

    This pilot research project examined the use of sign language as a communication bridge for non-Deaf children between the ages of 0-6 years who had been diagnosed with, or whose communication difficulties suggested, the presence of such disorders as Autism, Down Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), and/or learning disabilities.…

  3. John Collins Warren and his act of conscience: a brief narrative of the trial and triumph of a great surgeon.

    PubMed Central

    Moore, F D

    1999-01-01

    On examination of the correspondence among the principals involved, as well as the original patent application being prepared by Morton, it has become possible to reconstruct some of the remarkable details attending the first use of ether anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hos pital in the autumn of 1846. At the time that Warren invited Morton to demonstrate the use of his "ethereal vapor" for anesthesia in a minor operation on Oct. 16, 1846, the exact chemical composition of the agent used was being held secret by Morton; Warren was clearly disturbed by this unethical use of a secret "nostrum." When the time arrived 3 weeks later for its possible use for a serious "capital" operation, Warren employed a simple stratagem of public confrontation to discover from Morton the true nature of the substance to be used. On being informed that it was pure unadulterated sulfuric ether, not some mysterious new discovery labeled "Letheon," Warren gave approval for its first use in a "capital" operation (low thigh amputation) on Nov. 7, 1846. Despite this revelation to the immediate participants, a veil of secrecy continued to surround the substance for many months, an anomalous situation evidently traceable to Morton's desire for personal reward from the discovery. It was this matter of secrecy, rather than priority for its discovery, that surrounded the early use of ether anesthesia with controversy and recrimination both in this country and abroad. Images Figure 2. PMID:10024099

  4. Sunday Sport Comes to Pennsylvania: Professional Baseball and Football Triumph over the Commonwealth's Archaic Blue Laws, 1919-1933.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jable, J. Thomas

    Following World War I, many Americans plunged into sport, and found the Sabbath a convenient and popular day for engaging in sporting events, especially since Sunday activities had become commonplace during the War and acceptable in many areas. However, when Pennsylvanians turned to sport on the Sabbath, they were confronted by the state's archaic…

  5. 77 FR 14015 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ..., Tennessee, to acquire control of Triumph Bancshares, Inc., Germantown, Tennessee, and thereby indirectly acquire control of Triumph Bank, Memphis Tennessee. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve...

  6. Satellite Communication Hardware Emulation System (SCHES)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaplan, Ted

    1993-01-01

    Satellite Communication Hardware Emulator System (SCHES) is a powerful simulator that emulates the hardware used in TDRSS links. SCHES is a true bit-by-bit simulator that models communications hardware accurately enough to be used as a verification mechanism for actual hardware tests on user spacecraft. As a credit to its modular design, SCHES is easily configurable to model any user satellite communication link, though some development may be required to tailor existing software to user specific hardware.

  7. Achieving the Holevo bound via a bisection decoding protocol

    SciTech Connect

    Rosati, Matteo; Giovannetti, Vittorio

    2016-06-15

    We present a new decoding protocol to realize transmission of classical information through a quantum channel at asymptotically maximum capacity, achieving the Holevo bound and thus the optimal communication rate. At variance with previous proposals, our scheme recovers the message bit by bit, making use of a series of “yes-no” measurements, organized in bisection fashion, thus determining which codeword was sent in log{sub 2} N steps, N being the number of codewords.

  8. Structure of arylamine N-acetyltransferase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis determined by cross-seeding with the homologous protein from M. marinum: triumph over adversity.

    PubMed

    Abuhammad, Areej; Lowe, Edward D; McDonough, Michael A; Shaw Stewart, Patrick D; Kolek, Stefan A; Sim, Edith; Garman, Elspeth F

    2013-08-01

    Arylamine N-acetyltransferase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TBNAT) plays an important role in the intracellular survival of the microorganism inside macrophages. Medicinal chemistry efforts to optimize inhibitors of the TBNAT enzyme have been hampered by the lack of a three-dimensional structure of the enzyme. In this paper, the first structure of TBNAT, determined using a lone crystal produced using cross-seeding with the homologous protein from M. marinum, is reported. Despite the similarity between the two enzymes (74% sequence identity), they show distinct physical and biochemical characteristics. The structure elegantly reveals the characteristic features of the protein surface as well as details of the active site of TBNAT relevant to drug-discovery efforts. The crystallographic analysis of the diffraction data presented many challenges, since the crystal was twinned and the habit possessed pseudo-translational symmetry.

  9. Multiple differences between patients who initiate fish oil supplementation post-myocardial infarction and those who do not: the TRIUMPH Study.

    PubMed

    Harris, William S; Kennedy, K F; Maddox, T M; Kutty, S; Spertus, J A

    2016-01-01

    The utility of fish oil supplements (FOS) in patients who survive an acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains controversial, with randomized trials showing less benefit than observational studies would suggest. The differences in the characteristics of MI patients who use FOS in routine clinical care are unknown but may help explain this discrepancy. We used data from a 24-site registry study in which extensive information was available on 4340 MI patients at admission and 1, 6, and 12 months postdischarge. After excluding those using FOS at admission (n = 651), those who died before the 1-month follow-up visit (n = 63), and those with missing data at 1 month (n = 1228), 2398 remained. Of them, 377 (16%) started FOS within 1 month of their MI. We analyzed 53 patient characteristics associated with FOS use. We observed differences (P < .001) in 20 demographic, socioeconomic, treatment, disease severity, and health status domains. The FOS users were more likely than nonusers to be white, married, financially secure, highly educated, and eating fish. They also had a higher ejection fraction at discharge, were more likely to have had in-hospital percutaneous coronary interventions, and were more likely to have participated in cardiac rehabilitation programs. The FOS users were less likely to have a history of diabetes, alcohol abuse, stroke, MI, and angina. In conclusion, post-MI patients who initiate FOS within 1 month of discharge in routine clinical practice differ substantially from those who do not. These differences are strongly associated with a better post-MI prognosis and may illuminate several sources of unmeasured confounding in observational studies.

  10. The Modern Cochlear Implant: A Triumph of Biomedical Engineering and the First Substantial Restoration of Human Sense Using a Medical Intervention.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Blake S

    2017-01-01

    Even as recently as the mid-1980s, many experts in otology and auditory science thought that restoration of useful hearing with crude and pervasive electrical stimulation of the cochlea was a fool's dream. The esteemed Prof. Rainer Klinke from Frankfurt (Figure 1) was among the chorus of critics, asserting in 1978 that "from a physiological point of view, cochlear implants will not work." Many others made similar categorical statements.

  11. [The Triumph of "Stupidity" : Deep Blue`s Victory over Garri Kasparov. The Controversy about its Impact on Artficial Intelligence Research].

    PubMed

    Heßler, Martina

    2017-04-07

    The competition between the chess computer Deep Blue and the former chess world champion Garri Kasparov in 1997 was a spectacle staged for the media. However, the chess game, like other games, was also a test field for artificial intelligence research. On the one hand Deep Blue's victory was called a "milestone" for AI research, on the other hand, a dead end, since the superiority of the chess computer was based on pure computing power and had nothing to do with "real" AI.The article questions the premises of these different interpretations and maps Deep Blue and its way of playing chess into the history of AI. This also requires an analysis of the underlying concepts of thinking. Finally, the essay calls for assuming different "ways of thinking" for man and computer. Instead of fundamental discussions of concepts of thinking, we should ask about the consequences of the human-machine division of labor.

  12. After the triumph of cardiovascular medicine over acute myocardial infarction at the end of the 20th Century. -Can we predict the onset of acute coronary syndrome? (Con)-.

    PubMed

    Kihara, Yasuki

    2011-01-01

    Predicting acute cardiovascular ischemic events is a crucial and urgent issue in the current cardiovascular field. An enormous effort to develop methodologies to achieve this purpose is being undertaken in cardiovascular institutes worldwide. However, currently, there is no established method of determining acute cardiovascular ischemic events in advance. This article reviews the latest progress on understanding how these events occur and how they can be detected. This goal represents a great dream that has realistic expectations.

  13. The Market Triumph of Ecotourism: An Economic Investigation of the Private and Social Benefits of Competing Land Uses in the Peruvian Amazon

    PubMed Central

    Kirkby, Christopher A.; Giudice-Granados, Renzo; Day, Brett; Turner, Kerry; Velarde-Andrade, Luz Marina; Dueñas-Dueñas, Agusto; Lara-Rivas, Juan Carlos; Yu, Douglas W.

    2010-01-01

    Annual revenue flow to developing countries for ecotourism (or nature-based tourism) could be as large as US$ 210×1012, providing an enormous financial incentive against habitat loss and exploitation. However, is ecotourism the most privately and/or socially valuable use of rainforest land? The question is rarely answered because the relevant data, estimates of profits and fixed costs, are rarely available. We present a social cost-benefit analysis of land use in an ecotourism cluster in the Tambopata region of Amazonian Peru. The net present value of ecotourism-controlled land is given by the producer surplus (profits plus fixed costs of ecotourism lodges): US$ 1,158 ha−1, which is higher than all currently practiced alternatives, including unsustainable logging, ranching, and agriculture. To our knowledge, this is the first sector-wide study of profitability and producer surplus in a developing-country ecotourism sector and the first to compare against equivalent measures for a spectrum of alternative uses. We also find that ecotourism-controlled land sequesters between 5.3 to 8.7 million tons of above-ground carbon, which is equivalent to between 3000–5000 years of carbon emissions from the domestic component of air and surface travel between the gateway city of Cusco and the lodges, at 2005 emission rates. Ecotourism in Tambopata has successfully monetized the hedonic value of wild nature in Amazonian Peru, and justifies the maintenance of intact rainforest over all alternative uses on narrow economic grounds alone. PMID:20927377

  14. Triumphs Show: What Makes Art History? Year 7 Exploit the Resources of the Victoria and Albert Museum's Medieval Gallery to Create and Curate Their Own Answer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copsey, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    What do 14 Year 7 students, an art teacher, a history teacher and the Victoria and Albert Museum have in common? They are all part of the "Stronger Together" Museum Champion project run by The Langley Academy and the River & Rowing Museum and supported by Arts Council England, designed to engage students, teachers and museum staff…

  15. The central role of arterial retention of cholesterol-rich apolipoprotein-B-containing lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis: a triumph of simplicity.

    PubMed

    Borén, Jan; Williams, Kevin Jon

    2016-10-01

    Today, it is no longer a hypothesis, but an established fact, that increased plasma concentrations of cholesterol-rich apolipoprotein-B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins are causatively linked to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and that lowering plasma LDL concentrations reduces cardiovascular events in humans. Here, we review evidence behind this assertion, with an emphasis on recent studies supporting the 'response-to-retention' model - namely, that the key initiating event in atherogenesis is the retention, or trapping, of cholesterol-rich apoB-containing lipoproteins within the arterial wall. New clinical trials have shown that ezetimibe and anti-PCSK9 antibodies - both nonstatins - lower ASCVD events, and they do so to the same extent as would be expected from comparable plasma LDL lowering by a statin. These studies demonstrate beyond any doubt the causal role of apoB-containing lipoproteins in atherogenesis. In addition, recent laboratory experimentation and human Mendelian randomization studies have revealed novel information about the critical role of apoB-containing lipoproteins in atherogenesis. New information has also emerged on mechanisms for the accumulation in plasma of harmful cholesterol-rich and triglyceride-rich apoB-containing remnant lipoproteins in states of overnutrition. Like LDL, these harmful cholesterol-rich and triglyceride-rich apoB-containing remnant lipoprotein remnants become retained and modified within the arterial wall, causing atherosclerosis. LDL and other cholesterol-rich, apoB-containing lipoproteins, once they become retained and modified within the arterial wall, cause atherosclerosis. This simple, robust pathophysiologic understanding may finally allow us to eradicate ASCVD, the leading killer in the world.

  16. Photoacoustic, Photothermal, and Diffusion-Wave Sciences in the Twenty-First Century: Triumphs of the Past Set the Trends for the Future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandelis, Andreas

    2012-11-01

    A handful of early breakthroughs in photoacoustic science and engineering since its modern-day (scientific) renaissance in the 1970s has defined directions in the development of the photoacoustic, photothermal, and diffusion-wave fields in the past 40 years that have shaped modern day developments and have led to an impressive range of vibrant and unique technologies in the third millennium (technological renaissance). A power-point presentation on the ICPPP-16 opening plenary talk focuses on the historical roots of what I perceive to be some of today's most successful and unique technologies, while readily acknowledging the impossibility to be all inclusive. It can be found under the url: http://cadift.mie.utoronto.ca/History_of_Photoacoustics-Photothermics.ppt. The thematic areas in question include historical reviews selected among the following topics: Piezoelectric photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) which, along with early gas-phase PA spectroscopic studies of biomaterials such as blood haemoglobin and progress in the physics of photon diffusion waves, has led to the modern-day explosion in biomedical photoacoustic imaging technologies with future trends for photoacoustic and ultrasound co-registered imagers; Thermoreflectance, piezoelectric, and gas-phase PA imaging of semiconductors which, along with developments in photocarrier diffusion wave physics, led to photocarrier radiometry, nanolayer diagnostics, carrierographic imaging of optoelectronic materials, and devices with industrial trends in solar cell inspection and control; Photoacoustic gas-phase and infrared radiometric probing and scanning imaging NDE which led to lock-in thermography and have spawned industrial and biomedical technologies; Thermal-wave interferometry and the quest for thermal coherence which led to thermal-wave cavities, the thermal-wave radar, and derivative depth profiling technologies, and, very recently, thermal coherence tomography. This review is meant to be a growing public record of work in progress, with new materials in the given thematic areas and other thematic areas being added as more information on the rich history of the field becomes available. Direct inputs to the author by the broader photoacoustic, photothermal, and diffusion-wave community are solicited and strongly encouraged to ensure that all landmark and seminal work that shaped the state of the science and art in the field receives fair and deserving exposure and the historical review becomes truly representative and comprehensive.

  17. Hale’s Handful Up from the Ashes. The Forging of the Seventh Air Force from the Ashes of Pearl Harbor to the Triumph of VJ-day

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-07-01

    consisting of a seven thousand foot runway (with steel matting), dispersal ability for 78 fighters and 24 heavy bombers, and third-level maintenance...to Seventh Air Force P-47s and Navy TBF Avengers, Sev- enth Air Force B-25s were given a rare opportunity in the Central Pacific to fly missions for...artillery gunfire was halted for an hour as 125 P-47s, B-25s, and TBFs pounded the restricted area with 69 tons of bombs. 126 Prisoners of war later

  18. Triumph of hope over experience: learning from interventions to reduce avoidable hospital admissions identified through an Academic Health and Social Care Network

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Internationally health services are facing increasing demands due to new and more expensive health technologies and treatments, coupled with the needs of an ageing population. Reducing avoidable use of expensive secondary care services, especially high cost admissions where no procedure is carried out, has become a focus for the commissioners of healthcare. Method We set out to identify, evaluate and share learning about interventions to reduce avoidable hospital admission across a regional Academic Health and Social Care Network (AHSN). We conducted a service evaluation identifying initiatives that had taken place across the AHSN. This comprised a literature review, case studies, and two workshops. Results We identified three types of intervention: pre-hospital; within the emergency department (ED); and post-admission evaluation of appropriateness. Pre-hospital interventions included the use of predictive modelling tools (PARR – Patients at risk of readmission and ACG – Adjusted Clinical Groups) sometimes supported by community matrons or virtual wards. GP-advisers and outreach nurses were employed within the ED. The principal post-hoc interventions were the audit of records in primary care or the application of the Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol (AEP) within the admission ward. Overall there was a shortage of independent evaluation and limited evidence that each intervention had an impact on rates of admission. Conclusions Despite the frequency and cost of emergency admission there has been little independent evaluation of interventions to reduce avoidable admission. Commissioners of healthcare should consider interventions at all stages of the admission pathway, including regular audit, to ensure admission thresholds don’t change. PMID:22682525

  19. Triumphs Show: What Makes Art History? Year 7 Exploit the Resources of the Victoria and Albert Museum's Medieval Gallery to Create and Curate Their Own Answer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copsey, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    What do 14 Year 7 students, an art teacher, a history teacher and the Victoria and Albert Museum have in common? They are all part of the "Stronger Together" Museum Champion project run by The Langley Academy and the River & Rowing Museum and supported by Arts Council England, designed to engage students, teachers and museum staff…

  20. "Akeelah and the Bee": Inspirational Story of African-American Intellect and Triumph or Racist Rhetoric Served Up on Another Platter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pimentel, Charise; Sawyer, Cathleen

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors look into the inspirational movie, "Akeelah and the Bee," a film about an African-American who goes against all odds to achieve success in grand proportions. Described as an "inspirational family film" and a "successful feel-good movie" (Turan, 2006), "Akeelah and the Bee" proved inspirational to many viewers, as it…

  1. Tomorrow's Families: Triumph of the Individual or Sharing the Caring? (Les familles de demain: Triomphe de l'individu ou partage des soins a donner?).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theilheimer, Ish, Ed.

    1993-01-01

    This theme issue of the Canadian newsletter "Transitions" in both English and French explores the question of the future of families in a period of broken marriages, difficult times, and an obsession with individual success and materialism. "Families of the Future: New Ways to Do the Same Old Things," summarizes the findings of…

  2. What can triumphs and tribulations from drug research in Alzheimer's disease tell us about the development of psychotropic drugs in general?

    PubMed

    Becker, Robert E; Seeman, Mary V; Greig, Nigel H; Lahiri, Debomoy K

    2015-08-01

    Drug development for psychiatric disorders has almost ground to a halt. Some newer drugs are better tolerated or safer than older ones, but none is more effective. Years of failure in preventing or delaying the onset of illness, ameliorating symptoms, lowering suicide rates, or improving quality of life has put the commercial investments that had previously funded drug development at risk. To promote the development of psychiatric drugs with greater efficacy, we need to improve the way we bring potentially beneficial drugs to market. We need to acknowledge, as has been done in other specialties, that people differ in their response to drugs. Psychiatric drug research needs to be grounded in a better understanding of molecular brain mechanisms, neural circuits, and their relations to clinical disease. With this understanding, drugs need to be more precisely directed at specific brain targets. In psychiatric drug development, government, industry, regulatory bodies, and academia should realign to ensure medical science is used in the best interests of patients.

  3. What can triumphs and tribulations from Alzheimer’s disease drug research tell us about the development of psychotropic drugs in general?

    PubMed Central

    Becker, Robert E.; Seeman, Mary V.; Greig, Nigel H.; Lahiri, Debomoy K

    2016-01-01

    Summary Drug development for psychiatric disorders has virtually ground to a halt. Some recent drugs are better tolerated and others safer than earlier ones, but they are no more effective. Years of failure in preventing or delaying onset of illness, in ameliorating symptoms, in lowering suicide rates, in improving quality of life, have put at risk the commercial investments that have, in the past, funded the various stages of drug development. To promote the development of drugs with greater efficacy, psychiatry needs to improve the way it brings potentially helpful drugs to market. Psychiatry needs to learn from other fields that human beings differ in their response to drugs. Psychiatric drug research needs to be grounded in a better understanding of molecular brain mechanisms, neural circuits, and their relationships to clinical diseases. Using this understanding, drugs need to be more precisely directed at specific brain targets. In psychiatric drug development, government, industry, regulators and academia must realign to meet medicine’s responsibilities and use science in the best interests of patients. PMID:26249306

  4. "Akeelah and the Bee": Inspirational Story of African-American Intellect and Triumph or Racist Rhetoric Served Up on Another Platter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pimentel, Charise; Sawyer, Cathleen

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors look into the inspirational movie, "Akeelah and the Bee," a film about an African-American who goes against all odds to achieve success in grand proportions. Described as an "inspirational family film" and a "successful feel-good movie" (Turan, 2006), "Akeelah and the Bee" proved inspirational to many viewers, as it…

  5. The market triumph of ecotourism: an economic investigation of the private and social benefits of competing land uses in the Peruvian Amazon.

    PubMed

    Kirkby, Christopher A; Giudice-Granados, Renzo; Day, Brett; Turner, Kerry; Velarde-Andrade, Luz Marina; Dueñas-Dueñas, Agusto; Lara-Rivas, Juan Carlos; Yu, Douglas W

    2010-09-29

    Annual revenue flow to developing countries for ecotourism (or nature-based tourism) could be as large as US$ 210×10(12), providing an enormous financial incentive against habitat loss and exploitation. However, is ecotourism the most privately and/or socially valuable use of rainforest land? The question is rarely answered because the relevant data, estimates of profits and fixed costs, are rarely available. We present a social cost-benefit analysis of land use in an ecotourism cluster in the Tambopata region of Amazonian Peru. The net present value of ecotourism-controlled land is given by the producer surplus (profits plus fixed costs of ecotourism lodges): US$ 1,158 ha(-1), which is higher than all currently practiced alternatives, including unsustainable logging, ranching, and agriculture. To our knowledge, this is the first sector-wide study of profitability and producer surplus in a developing-country ecotourism sector and the first to compare against equivalent measures for a spectrum of alternative uses. We also find that ecotourism-controlled land sequesters between 5.3 to 8.7 million tons of above-ground carbon, which is equivalent to between 3000-5000 years of carbon emissions from the domestic component of air and surface travel between the gateway city of Cusco and the lodges, at 2005 emission rates. Ecotourism in Tambopata has successfully monetized the hedonic value of wild nature in Amazonian Peru, and justifies the maintenance of intact rainforest over all alternative uses on narrow economic grounds alone.

  6. Magnetization Reversal and Magnetic Anisotropy of Fe, Ni and Co Nanowires in Nanoporous Alumina Membranes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    anisotropy, which is well-known for hcp -Co with an easy axis perpendicular to the long axis of the wire, can be found in pores with a rather large...predominates. In smaller pores hcp -Co is substituted bit by bit by fcc-Co which does not show a significant magnetocrystalline anisotropy. Therefore, Co wires...wires a mixture of fcc-Co and hcp -Co can be found. The amount of fcc-Co increases if the pore diameter decreases [1,2]. Fcc-Co, however, does not show

  7. Satellite communications application to Pacific countries above Ku band

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Iida, Takashi

    1992-01-01

    An application of satellite communications above the Ku band to the Pacific region is described, focusing on: (1) Lightsat system and (2) a high capacity satellite system. A small geostationary satellite system using Ku band for the Federated States of Micronesia is shown as an example. A concept of multi-gigabits/second high capacity communications system using two satellites in the Ka band is described. The onboard bit-by-bit processing is very useful in the low link margin environment due to rain attenuation. These topics were obtained by the Asia Pacific Telecommunications Study granted by NASA conducted by the University of Colorado at Boulder.

  8. Non-Earth-centric life detection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Conrad, P. G.; Nealson, K. H.

    2000-01-01

    Our hope is that life will, bit by bit, reveal the clues that will allow us to piece together enough evidence to recognize it whenever and however it presents itself. Indisputable evidence is measurable, statistically meaningful and independent of the nature of the life it defines. That the evidence for life be measurable is a fundamental requirement of the scientific method, as is the requirement for statistical significance, and this quantitation is what enables us to differentiate the measurable criteria of candidate biosignatures from a background (host environment).

  9. Bit error rate measurement above and below bit rate tracking threshold

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kobayaski, H. S.; Fowler, J.; Kurple, W. (Inventor)

    1978-01-01

    Bit error rate is measured by sending a pseudo-random noise (PRN) code test signal simulating digital data through digital equipment to be tested. An incoming signal representing the response of the equipment being tested, together with any added noise, is received and tracked by being compared with a locally generated PRN code. Once the locally generated PRN code matches the incoming signal a tracking lock is obtained. The incoming signal is then integrated and compared bit-by-bit against the locally generated PRN code and differences between bits being compared are counted as bit errors.

  10. Satellite communications application to Pacific countries above Ku band

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iida, Takashi

    1992-08-01

    An application of satellite communications above the Ku band to the Pacific region is described, focusing on: (1) Lightsat system and (2) a high capacity satellite system. A small geostationary satellite system using Ku band for the Federated States of Micronesia is shown as an example. A concept of multi-gigabits/second high capacity communications system using two satellites in the Ka band is described. The onboard bit-by-bit processing is very useful in the low link margin environment due to rain attenuation. These topics were obtained by the Asia Pacific Telecommunications Study granted by NASA conducted by the University of Colorado at Boulder.

  11. Binary tree-based low power state assignment algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kajstura, Krzysztof; Kania, Dariusz

    2016-12-01

    A new low power state assignment algorithm is proposed in this paper. The essence of new coding is dividing all the states into subsets, which are sequentially assigned to the individual bits of code. This type of decomposition encoding, in which the coding is done bit by bit, retains the flexibility of assigning code words from the beginning to the end of the encoding process. The results of the experiments confirm efficiency of the proposed algorithm in comparison with the state assignment algorithms that have already been developed.

  12. Method of parallel switching of optical channels

    SciTech Connect

    Kompanets, I N; Neevina, T A; Kompanets, S I

    2012-12-31

    The possibility of creating parallel-type switches for N Multiplication-Sign N optical waveguide channel communication is studied. A method based on bit-by-bit channel addressing is proposed and one of its possible implementations using the photorefractive effect in the waveguide material is considered. The method is modelled by the example of switching of 8 Multiplication-Sign 8 channels, controlled by reconfigurable matrix of light signals. (special issue devoted to the 90th anniversary of n.g. basov)

  13. Non-Earth-centric life detection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Conrad, P. G.; Nealson, K. H.

    2000-01-01

    Our hope is that life will, bit by bit, reveal the clues that will allow us to piece together enough evidence to recognize it whenever and however it presents itself. Indisputable evidence is measurable, statistically meaningful and independent of the nature of the life it defines. That the evidence for life be measurable is a fundamental requirement of the scientific method, as is the requirement for statistical significance, and this quantitation is what enables us to differentiate the measurable criteria of candidate biosignatures from a background (host environment).

  14. 77 FR 285 - Notice of Proposals To Engage in or To Acquire Companies Engaged in Permissible Nonbanking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ... 75201-2272: 1. Triumph Consolidated Cos., LLC, Dallas, Texas, to engage de novo through the establishment of Triumph CRA Holdings, LLC, Dallas, Texas, as a nonbanking subsidiary in lending activities...

  15. 75 FR 38813 - Granting of Request for Early Termination of the Waiting Period Under the Premerger Notification...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-06

    ... Cosmetics, Ltd. 20100680 G Shield Topco S.a.r.l. G Sophos plc. G Sophos plc. 21-MAY-10 20100568 G Triumph... III, L.P. G Triumph Group, Inc. G Triumph Group, Inc. 20100620 G AMC Entertainment Holdings Inc....

  16. 76 FR 62391 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions and Deletions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ..., Overglove, Straw colored, Size 9'' NSN: 6515-00-NIB-0749--Gloves, Surgical, Powder-free, Triumph LT, White, Size 5.5'' NSN: 6515-00-NIB-0750--Gloves, Surgical, Powder-free, Triumph LT, White, Size 6'' NSN: 6515-00-NIB-0751--Gloves, Surgical, Powder-free, Triumph LT, White, Size 6.5'' NSN:...

  17. 78 FR 72554 - Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-03

    ... publications listed in this AD as of January 7, 2014. ADDRESSES: For Gulfstream, Triumph Aerostructures, and... fuel boost pumps can be conclusively determined from that review. (1) Triumph Aerostructures Service... specified in paragraphs (h)(1) and (h)(2) of this AD (for Model GV-SP airplanes). (1) Triumph...

  18. 77 FR 75908 - Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... Federal holidays. For Gulfstream, Triumph Aerostructures, and GE Aviation service information identified... the following service information: Triumph Service Bulletin SB-TAGV/GVSP-28-JG0162, dated August 30... determined from that review. (1) Triumph Service Bulletin SB-TAGV/GVSP-28-JG0162, dated August 30, 2011....

  19. 76 FR 82279 - Procurement List; Additions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-30

    ...: 6515-00-NIB-0749--Gloves, Surgical, Powder-free, Triumph LT, White, Size 5.5''. NSN: 6515-00-NIB-0750--Gloves, Surgical, Powder-free, Triumph LT, White, Size 6''. NSN: 6515-00-NIB-0751--Gloves, Surgical, Powder-free, Triumph LT, White, Size 6.5''. NSN: 6515-00-NIB-0752--Gloves, Surgical, Powder-free,...

  20. A 12-bit, 1 MS/s SAR-ADC for a CZT-based multi-channel gamma-ray imager using a new digital calibration method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, W.; Wei, T.; Yang, L.; Hu, Y.

    2016-03-01

    The successive approximation register-analog to digital converter (SAR-ADC) is widely used in the CdZnTe-based gamma-ray imager because of its outstanding characteristics of low power consumption, relatively high resolution, and small die size. This study proposes a digital bit-by-bit calibration method using an input ramp signal to further improve the conversion precision and power consumption of an SAR-ADC. The proposed method is based on the sub-radix-2 redundant architecture and the perturbation technique. The proposed calibration algorithm is simpler, more stable, and faster than traditional approaches. The prototype chip of the 12-bit, 1 MS/s radiation-hardened SAR-ADC has been designed and fabricated using the TSMC 0.35 μm 2P4M CMOS process. This SAR-ADC consumes 3 mW power and occupies a core area of 856× 802μm2. The digital bit-by-bit calibration algorithm is implemented via MATLAB for testing flexibility. The effective number of bits for this digitally calibrated SAR-ADC reaches 11.77 bits. The converter exhibits high conversion precision, low power consumption, and radiation-hardened design. Therefore, this SAR-ADC is suitable for multi-channel gamma-ray imager applications.

  1. A new paradigm for reproducing and analyzing N-body simulations of planetary systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rein, Hanno; Tamayo, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    The reproducibility of experiments is one of the main principles of the scientific method. However, numerical N-body experiments, especially those of planetary systems, are currently not reproducible. In the most optimistic scenario, they can only be replicated in an approximate or statistical sense. Even if authors share their full source code and initial conditions, differences in compilers, libraries, operating systems or hardware often lead to qualitatively different results. We provide a new set of easy-to-use, open-source tools that address the above issues, allowing for exact (bit-by-bit) reproducibility of N-body experiments. In addition to generating completely reproducible integrations, we show that our framework also offers novel and innovative ways to analyze these simulations. As an example, we present a high-accuracy integration of the Solar System spanning 10 Gyrs, requiring several weeks to run on a modern CPU. In our framework we can not only easily access simulation data at predefined intervals for which we save snapshots, but at any time during the integration. We achieve this by integrating an on-demand reconstructed simulation forward in time from the nearest snapshot. This allows us to extract arbitrary quantities at any point in the saved simulation exactly (bit-by-bit), and within seconds rather than weeks. We believe that the tools we present in this paper offer a new paradigm for how N-body simulations are run, analyzed, and shared across the community.

  2. A new paradigm for reproducing and analyzing N-body simulations of planetary systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rein, Hanno; Tamayo, Daniel

    2017-05-01

    The reproducibility of experiments is one of the main principles of the scientific method. However, numerical N-body experiments, especially those of planetary systems, are currently not reproducible. In the most optimistic scenario, they can only be replicated in an approximate or statistical sense. Even if authors share their full source code and initial conditions, differences in compilers, libraries, operating systems or hardware often lead to qualitatively different results. We provide a new set of easy-to-use, open-source tools that address the above issues, allowing for exact (bit-by-bit) reproducibility of N-body experiments. In addition to generating completely reproducible integrations, we show that our framework also offers novel and innovative ways to analyse these simulations. As an example, we present a high-accuracy integration of the Solar system spanning 10 Gyr, requiring several weeks to run on a modern CPU. In our framework, we can not only easily access simulation data at predefined intervals for which we save snapshots, but at any time during the integration. We achieve this by integrating an on-demand reconstructed simulation forward in time from the nearest snapshot. This allows us to extract arbitrary quantities at any point in the saved simulation exactly (bit-by-bit), and within seconds rather than weeks. We believe that the tools we present in this paper offer a new paradigm for how N-body simulations are run, analysed and shared across the community.

  3. Tragedy, transformation, and triumph: comparing the factors and forces that led to the adoption of the 1860 Adulteration Act in England and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act in the United States.

    PubMed

    London, Jillian

    2014-01-01

    The 1860 Adulteration Act in England and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act in the United States were two of the earliest pieces of legislation to provide generalized regulation of food and drugs on a national scale. While significant scholarly attention has been given to explaining the factors and forces that led to the passage of each Act independent of the other, few books or articles have directly compared the similar individuals and events that led to the adoption of both Acts. This paper attempts to fill that gap. Through a comparative examination, this paper reveals that four main components were key to the national pure food and drug movements in both countries: individuals who crusaded for national adulteration legislation; tragedies that shocked the public into calling for reform; press and publicity that was willing and able to bring the evils of adulteration to the forefront of the public mind; and a transformation of the social, political, and economic systems, which created atmospheres conducive to reform. This paper aims to shed new light on the 1860 Adulteration Act and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act--two acts that derive their importance not just from the effect that they directly had on the regulation of food and drugs but also as some of the earliest examples of western governments coming to recognize the need for national regulation to protect the public from harm and coming to embrace their changing role as spearheads of modern regulatory states.

  4. Genetics and Mapping of Seedling Resistance to Ug99 Stem Rust in the Winter Wheat Cultivar Triumph 64 and Differentiation of SrTmp, SrCad, and Sr42

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Stem rust, caused by the fungus Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici Eriks. & E. Henn. (Pgt), is an important disease of wheat that can be controlled by deploying effective stem rust resistance (Sr) genes. The emergence of virulent Pgt races in Africa, namely Ug99 and its variants, has stimulated the se...

  5. A resolution celebrating the life and achievements of Lena Mary Calhoun Horne and honoring her for her triumphs against racial discrimination and her steadfast commitment to the civil rights of all people.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Gillibrand, Kirsten E. [D-NY

    2010-05-14

    Senate - 05/14/2010 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  6. A resolution celebrating the life and achievements of Lena Mary Calhoun Horne and honoring her for her triumphs against racial discrimination and her steadfast commitment to the civil rights of all people.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Gillibrand, Kirsten E. [D-NY

    2010-05-14

    05/14/2010 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (consideration: CR S3790-3792; text as passed Senate: CR S3791-3792; text of measure as introduced: CR S3786) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. A resolution celebrating the life and achievements of Lena Mary Calhoun Horne and honoring her for her triumphs against racial discrimination and her steadfast commitment to the civil rights of all people.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Gillibrand, Kirsten E. [D-NY

    2010-05-14

    05/14/2010 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Agreed to in SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  8. Fifth Air Force Light and Medium Bomber Operations During 1942 and 1943: Building Doctrine and Forces That Triumphed in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea and the Wewak Raid

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-05-01

    Major Paul I. ( Pappy ) Gunn, went to work modifying their A- 20s. 10 To increase the range, two 450-gallon fuel tanks were installed in the...mechanized forces, personnel and animals--perfect for the jungle targets of New Guinea.46 When the parafrags arrived in late August, Pappy Gunn once again...put on by the A-20s, Kenney directed Pappy Gunn to go to work on the B-25s. His original request was formidable: I sent word to...pull the

  9. Security for a Smarter Planet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagaratnam, Nataraj

    Bit by bit, our planet is getting smarter. By this, we mean the systems that run, the way we live and work as a society. Three things have brought this about - the world is becoming instrumented, interconnected and intelligent. Given the planet is becoming instrumented and interconnected, this opens up more risks that need to be managed. Escalating security and privacy concerns along with a renewed focus on organizational oversight are driving governance, risk management and compliance (GRC) to the forefront of the business. Compliance regulations have increasingly played a larger role by attempting to establish processes and controls that mitigate the internal and external risks organizations have today. To effectively meet the requirements of GRC, companies must prove that they have strong and consistent controls over who has access to critical applications and data.

  10. MAC, A System for Automatically IPR Identification, Collection and Distribution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Serrão, Carlos

    Controlling Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in the Digital World is a very hard challenge. The facility to create multiple bit-by-bit identical copies from original IPR works creates the opportunities for digital piracy. One of the most affected industries by this fact is the Music Industry. The Music Industry has supported huge losses during the last few years due to this fact. Moreover, this fact is also affecting the way that music rights collecting and distributing societies are operating to assure a correct music IPR identification, collection and distribution. In this article a system for automating this IPR identification, collection and distribution is presented and described. This system makes usage of advanced automatic audio identification system based on audio fingerprinting technology. This paper will present the details of the system and present a use-case scenario where this system is being used.

  11. Initialize and Weak-Program Erasing Scheme for High-Performance and High-Reliability Ferroelectric NAND Flash Solid-State Drive

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyaji, Kousuke; Yajima, Ryoji; Hatanaka, Teruyoshi; Takahashi, Mitsue; Sakai, Shigeki; Takeuchi, Ken

    Initialize and weak-program erasing scheme is proposed to achieve high-performance and high-reliability Ferroelectric (Fe-) NAND flash solid-state drive (SSD). Bit-by-bit erase VTH control is achieved by the proposed erasing scheme and history effects in Fe-NAND is also suppressed. History effects change the future erase VTH shift characteristics by the past program voltage. The proposed erasing scheme decreases VTH shift variation due to history effects from ±40% to ±2% and the erase VTH distribution width is reduced from over 0.4V to 0.045V. As a result, the read and VPASS disturbance decrease by 42% and 37%, respectively. The proposed erasing scheme is immune to VTH variations and voltage stress. The proposed erasing scheme also suppresses the power and bandwidth degradation of SSD.

  12. Micromagnetic simulation of domain wall propagation along meandering magnetic strip with spatially modulated material parameters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Z.; Tanaka, T.; Matsuyama, K.

    2017-05-01

    Feasibility of two-dimensional propagation of the domain wall (DW) was investigated by micromagnetic simulations. Successful bit-by-bit propagation of the DW was demonstrated in a designed meandering magnetic strip with periodic material parameter modulation, used as DW pinning sites (PSs). The DW was successively shifted along the straight part and around the corner with a spin polarized current pulses with 1 ns-width, 3 ns-interval and same amplitude. A practical current amplitude margin (30 % of mid value) was achieved by analyzing the energy landscape around the meandering corner and optimizing the location of the PSs, which energy barrier height assures a thermal stability criterion (>60 kBT).

  13. High-capacity reversible watermarking for 2D vector data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voigt, Michael; Yang, Bian; Busch, Christoph

    2005-03-01

    This paper describes an efficient and high-capacity reversible 2-D vector data embedding method, which provides a promising solution to GIS (geographic information system) data hiding and authentication applications with a high requirement of fidelity or bit-by-bit exactness of the original 2-D vector data (point coordinates). All proposed methods are performed in the DCT-domain. For the realization of this task a bit-shift scheme is applied and a distortion limited scheme is used to guarantee a maximal deviation between the original map and the modified one. To achieve more capacity we combine the bit-shifting scheme with our former one which makes use of the strong correlation between geographic data.

  14. Computer program CORDET. [computerized simulation of digital phase-lock loop for Omega navigation receiver

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Palkovic, R. A.

    1974-01-01

    A FORTRAN 4 computer program provides convenient simulation of an all-digital phase-lock loop (DPLL). The DPLL forms the heart of the Omega navigation receiver prototype. Through the DPLL, the phase of the 10.2 KHz Omega signal is estimated when the true signal phase is contaminated with noise. This investigation has provided a convenient means of evaluating loop performance in a variety of noise environments, and has proved to be a useful tool for evaluating design changes. The goals of the simulation are to: (1) analyze the circuit on a bit-by-bit level in order to evaluate the overall design; (2) see easily the effects of proposed design changes prior to actual breadboarding; and (3) determine the optimum integration time for the DPLL in an environment typical of general aviation conditions.

  15. To Wage Peace Vigorously The North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s Imperative To Intervene In Ukraine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    Daniel F. Baltrusaitis and Mark E. Duckenfield, “Operation Unified Protector: Triumph or Warning Sign?” Baltic Security and Defence Review, Vol 14, Issue...Daniel F. and Mark E. Duckenfield. “Operation Unified Protector: Triumph or Warning Sign?” Baltic Security and Defence Review, Vol 14, Issue 2

  16. Churchill, The Victorian Man of Action

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-01

    such heroes as Bulldog Drum- mond and Major-General Richard Hannay. And in 1917, Conan Doyle ended His Last Bow, the final volume of Sherlock Holmes...60. Winston S. Churchill, The Second World War, Vol 6, Triumph and Tragedy (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1953), p. 15. 61. Arthur Bryant, Triumph in

  17. Stealing Innocence: Youth, Corporate Power, and the Politics of Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giroux, Henry A.

    This book looks at the way corporate cultures is encroaching on children's lives. It explores three myths prevalent in society: (1) that the triumph of democracy is equal to the triumph of the market; (2) that children are unaffected by power and politics; and (3) that teaching and learning are no longer linked to improving the world. The book…

  18. Stealing Innocence: Youth, Corporate Power, and the Politics of Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giroux, Henry A.

    This book looks at the way corporate cultures is encroaching on children's lives. It explores three myths prevalent in society: (1) that the triumph of democracy is equal to the triumph of the market; (2) that children are unaffected by power and politics; and (3) that teaching and learning are no longer linked to improving the world. The book…

  19. More White Supremacy? "The Lord of the Rings" as Pro-American Imperialism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knaus, Christopher

    2005-01-01

    "The Lord of the Rings" continues Hollywood's recurrent theme of good triumphing over evil. The viewer is supposed to identify with the heroes, whiteness, and goodness, which of course triumphs over evil and blackness. Although the cast is made up almost entirely of White people, people also do not question this narrative of White supremacy. To…

  20. More White Supremacy? "The Lord of the Rings" as Pro-American Imperialism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knaus, Christopher

    2005-01-01

    "The Lord of the Rings" continues Hollywood's recurrent theme of good triumphing over evil. The viewer is supposed to identify with the heroes, whiteness, and goodness, which of course triumphs over evil and blackness. Although the cast is made up almost entirely of White people, people also do not question this narrative of White supremacy. To…

  1. What is the future of peer review? Why is there fraud in science? Is plagiarism out of control? Why do scientists do bad things? Is it all a case of:“All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing?”

    PubMed Central

    Triggle, Chris R; Triggle, David J

    2007-01-01

    Peer review is an essential component of the process that is universally applied prior to the acceptance of a manuscript, grant or other scholarly work. Most of us willingly accept the responsibilities that come with being a reviewer but how comfortable are we with the process? Peer review is open to abuse but how should it be policed and can it be improved? A bad peer review process can inadvertently ruin an individual’s career, but are there penalties for policing a reviewer who deliberately sabotages a manuscript or grant? Science has received an increasingly tainted name because of recent high profile cases of alleged scientific misconduct. Once considered the results of work stress or a temporary mental health problem, scientific misconduct is increasingly being reported and proved to be a repeat offence. How should scientific misconduct be handled—is it a criminal offence and subject to national or international law? Similarly plagiarism is an ever-increasing concern whether at the level of the student or a university president. Are the existing laws tough enough? These issues, with appropriate examples, are dealt with in this review. PMID:17583174

  2. What is the future of peer review? Why is there fraud in science? Is plagiarism out of control? Why do scientists do bad things? Is it all a case of: "all that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing"?

    PubMed

    Triggle, Chris R; Triggle, David J

    2007-01-01

    Peer review is an essential component of the process that is universally applied prior to the acceptance of a manuscript, grant or other scholarly work. Most of us willingly accept the responsibilities that come with being a reviewer but how comfortable are we with the process? Peer review is open to abuse but how should it be policed and can it be improved? A bad peer review process can inadvertently ruin an individual's career, but are there penalties for policing a reviewer who deliberately sabotages a manuscript or grant? Science has received an increasingly tainted name because of recent high profile cases of alleged scientific misconduct. Once considered the results of work stress or a temporary mental health problem, scientific misconduct is increasingly being reported and proved to be a repeat offence. How should scientific misconduct be handled--is it a criminal offence and subject to national or international law? Similarly plagiarism is an ever-increasing concern whether at the level of the student or a university president. Are the existing laws tough enough? These issues, with appropriate examples, are dealt with in this review.

  3. Research Issues Underlying the Four-Lab Study: Integrated Disinfection Byproducts Mixtures Research

    EPA Science Inventory

    Chemical disinfection of drinking water is a major public health triumph of the 20th century, resulting in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality from waterborne diseases. Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) are chemicals formed by the reaction of oxidizing disinfectants wi...

  4. 3 CFR 8371 - Proclamation 8371 of May 4, 2009. Older Americans Month, 2009

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Older Americans have carried our Nation through great challenges and triumphs. They have enriched our... Month. I invite Americans of all ages; representatives of government at all levels; businesses...

  5. 3 CFR 8534 - Proclamation 8534 of June 10, 2010. King Kamehameha Day, 2010

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... culture. The Hawaiian narrative is one of both profound triumph and, sadly, deep injustice. It is the... opportunities we all have to grow and learn from one another as we carry our Nation toward a brighter day....

  6. Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad: A Drama Workshop for Junior High and High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tabone, Carmine; Albrecht, Robert

    2000-01-01

    Claims drama in the classroom offers teachers an opportunity to "bring to life" the challenges and triumphs of African Americans. Describes a drama workshop based on the story of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. (NH)

  7. Standing Up for Scope.

    PubMed

    Berlin, Joey

    2017-01-01

    The Texas Medical Association triumphed when a Travis County district court sided with medicine in a lawsuit against the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners over its granting chiropractors the authority to perform certain diagnostic tests.

  8. Axiomatics of Geometry in School and in Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeitler, Herbert

    1990-01-01

    Geometric axioms are discussed in terms of philosophy, history, refinements, and basic concepts. The triumphs and limitations of the formalism theory are included. Described is the status of high school geometry internationally. (KR)

  9. Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad: A Drama Workshop for Junior High and High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tabone, Carmine; Albrecht, Robert

    2000-01-01

    Claims drama in the classroom offers teachers an opportunity to "bring to life" the challenges and triumphs of African Americans. Describes a drama workshop based on the story of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. (NH)

  10. Research Issues Underlying the Four-Lab Study: Integrated Disinfection Byproducts Mixtures Research

    EPA Science Inventory

    Chemical disinfection of drinking water is a major public health triumph of the 20th century, resulting in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality from waterborne diseases. Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) are chemicals formed by the reaction of oxidizing disinfectants wi...

  11. A novel optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter for 25-Gbps burst-mode optical packets.

    PubMed

    Ibrahim, Salah; Ishikawa, Hiroshi; Nakahara, Tatsushi; Takahashi, Ryo

    2014-01-13

    A new optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter (SPC) has been developed to interface 25-Gbps asynchronous optical packets to CMOS circuitry. Other than all previous optoelectronic SPCs that are limited to single-shot operation and hence that can only be used for packet label processing, the SPC presented here can operate repeatedly with a period of as low as 640 ps to perform 1:16 conversion for an entire burst-mode 25-Gbps optical packet. The new SPC adopts a shared-trigger configuration and hence a single device can either convert a single packet or dual packets simultaneously. In this paper, the design and operation of the new SPC is explained after reviewing the fundamentals of performing bit-by-bit serial-to-parallel conversion by using HEMT-arrays and MSM-PDs. The response of the fabricated SPC device is presented and explained, together with the experimental work done to demonstrate 1:16 dual packet conversion at 25 Gbps.

  12. A simulation analysis of phase processing circuitry in the Ohio University Omega receiver prototype

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Palkovic, R. A.

    1975-01-01

    A FORTRAN IV simulation study of the all-digital phase-processing circuitry is described. A digital phase-lock loop (DPLL) forms the heart of the Omega navigation receiver prototype, and through the DPLL, the phase of the 10.2 KHz Omega signal was estimated when the true signal phase is contaminated with noise. The DPLL uses a frequency synthesizer as the reference oscillator. The synthesizer is composed of synchronous rate multipliers (SRM's) driven by a temperature-compensated crystal oscillator, and the use of the SRM's in this application introduces phase jitter which degrades system performance. Simulation of the frequency synthesizer discussed was to analyze the circuits on a bit-by-bit level in order to evaluate the overall design, to see easily the effects of proposed design changes prior to actual breadboarding, to determine the optimum integration time for the DPLL in an environment typical of general aviation conditions, and to quantify the phase error introduced by the SRM synthesizer and examine its effect on the system.

  13. PolyCheck: Dynamic Verification of Iteration Space Transformations on Affine Programs

    SciTech Connect

    Bao, Wenlei; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Pouchet, Louis-noel; Rastello, Fabrice; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

    2016-01-11

    High-level compiler transformations, especially loop transformations, are widely recognized as critical optimizations to restructure programs to improve data locality and expose parallelism. Guaranteeing the correctness of program transformations is essential, and to date three main approaches have been developed: proof of equivalence of affine programs, matching the execution traces of programs, and checking bit-by-bit equivalence of the outputs of the programs. Each technique suffers from limitations in either the kind of transformations supported, space complexity, or the sensitivity to the testing dataset. In this paper, we take a novel approach addressing all three limitations to provide an automatic bug checker to verify any iteration reordering transformations on affine programs, including non-affine transformations, with space consumption proportional to the original program data, and robust to arbitrary datasets of a given size. We achieve this by exploiting the structure of affine program control- and data-flow to generate at compile-time lightweight checker code to be executed within the transformed program. Experimental results assess the correctness and effectiveness of our method, and its increased coverage over previous approaches.

  14. Least Reliable Bits Coding (LRBC) for high data rate satellite communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vanderaar, Mark; Wagner, Paul; Budinger, James

    1992-02-01

    An analysis and discussion of a bandwidth efficient multi-level/multi-stage block coded modulation technique called Least Reliable Bits Coding (LRBC) is presented. LRBC uses simple multi-level component codes that provide increased error protection on increasingly unreliable modulated bits in order to maintain an overall high code rate that increases spectral efficiency. Further, soft-decision multi-stage decoding is used to make decisions on unprotected bits through corrections made on more protected bits. Using analytical expressions and tight performance bounds it is shown that LRBC can achieve increased spectral efficiency and maintain equivalent or better power efficiency compared to that of Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK). Bit error rates (BER) vs. channel bit energy with Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) are given for a set of LRB Reed-Solomon (RS) encoded 8PSK modulation formats with an ensemble rate of 8/9. All formats exhibit a spectral efficiency of 2.67 = (log2(8))(8/9) information bps/Hz. Bit by bit coded and uncoded error probabilities with soft-decision information are determined. These are traded with with code rate to determine parameters that achieve good performance. The relative simplicity of Galois field algebra vs. the Viterbi algorithm and the availability of high speed commercial Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) for block codes indicates that LRBC using block codes is a desirable method for high data rate implementations.

  15. Maximum-Entropy Inference with a Programmable Annealer.

    PubMed

    Chancellor, Nicholas; Szoke, Szilard; Vinci, Walter; Aeppli, Gabriel; Warburton, Paul A

    2016-03-03

    Optimisation problems typically involve finding the ground state (i.e. the minimum energy configuration) of a cost function with respect to many variables. If the variables are corrupted by noise then this maximises the likelihood that the solution is correct. The maximum entropy solution on the other hand takes the form of a Boltzmann distribution over the ground and excited states of the cost function to correct for noise. Here we use a programmable annealer for the information decoding problem which we simulate as a random Ising model in a field. We show experimentally that finite temperature maximum entropy decoding can give slightly better bit-error-rates than the maximum likelihood approach, confirming that useful information can be extracted from the excited states of the annealer. Furthermore we introduce a bit-by-bit analytical method which is agnostic to the specific application and use it to show that the annealer samples from a highly Boltzmann-like distribution. Machines of this kind are therefore candidates for use in a variety of machine learning applications which exploit maximum entropy inference, including language processing and image recognition.

  16. Target azimuth estimation for automatic tracking in range-gated imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Yinan; Wang, Xinwei; Zhou, Yan

    2012-11-01

    Target tracking is of great importance in imaging system, which can be applied in surveillance, as well as salvage and rescue where 3D spatial coordinates are used to locate the target. Range-gated imaging system is capable of acquiring range information of targets. However, azimuth is also necessary to provide the spatial coordinates to achieve target tracking. This paper presents a target azimuth estimation method for range-gated imaging system, aiming at obtaining essential information for vision-based automatic tracking. Due to the noise and low contrast of range-gated image, median filter and histogram equalization are used. Then the Otsu method is performed to make the segmentation of target and background. After segmentation, morphologic transformation methods will be taken in order to delete false targets. With pixels of target extracted from the image, the centoid will be derived. Next the pinhole camera model is applied to work out the azimuth coordinate. Since the focus length of camera is needed in the formula, an NC (Numerical Control) zoom module is developed. In this module, a sliding potentiometer is connected to the focus motor in camera, which serves as a feedback of the focus. To read the focus length and control the focus motor, an MCU (with AD converter) is used. Once the target azimuth information is obtained, the pan-tilt control unit can track the target bit by bit automatically.

  17. Maximum-Entropy Inference with a Programmable Annealer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chancellor, Nicholas; Szoke, Szilard; Vinci, Walter; Aeppli, Gabriel; Warburton, Paul A.

    2016-03-01

    Optimisation problems typically involve finding the ground state (i.e. the minimum energy configuration) of a cost function with respect to many variables. If the variables are corrupted by noise then this maximises the likelihood that the solution is correct. The maximum entropy solution on the other hand takes the form of a Boltzmann distribution over the ground and excited states of the cost function to correct for noise. Here we use a programmable annealer for the information decoding problem which we simulate as a random Ising model in a field. We show experimentally that finite temperature maximum entropy decoding can give slightly better bit-error-rates than the maximum likelihood approach, confirming that useful information can be extracted from the excited states of the annealer. Furthermore we introduce a bit-by-bit analytical method which is agnostic to the specific application and use it to show that the annealer samples from a highly Boltzmann-like distribution. Machines of this kind are therefore candidates for use in a variety of machine learning applications which exploit maximum entropy inference, including language processing and image recognition.

  18. Geometrically robust image watermarking by sector-shaped partitioning of geometric-invariant regions.

    PubMed

    Tian, Huawei; Zhao, Yao; Ni, Rongrong; Cao, Gang

    2009-11-23

    In a feature-based geometrically robust watermarking system, it is a challenging task to detect geometric-invariant regions (GIRs) which can survive a broad range of image processing operations. Instead of commonly used Harris detector or Mexican hat wavelet method, a more robust corner detector named multi-scale curvature product (MSCP) is adopted to extract salient features in this paper. Based on such features, disk-like GIRs are found, which consists of three steps. First, robust edge contours are extracted. Then, MSCP is utilized to detect the centers for GIRs. Third, the characteristic scale selection is performed to calculate the radius of each GIR. A novel sector-shaped partitioning method for the GIRs is designed, which can divide a GIR into several sector discs with the help of the most important corner (MIC). The watermark message is then embedded bit by bit in each sector by using Quantization Index Modulation (QIM). The GIRs and the divided sector discs are invariant to geometric transforms, so the watermarking method inherently has high robustness against geometric attacks. Experimental results show that the scheme has a better robustness against various image processing operations including common processing attacks, affine transforms, cropping, and random bending attack (RBA) than the previous approaches.

  19. Ultra-Fast Timing and the Application of High Energy Physics Technologies to Biomedical Imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Chin-Tu; Kao, Chien-Min; Xie, Quigguo; Frisch, Henry; Heinz, Mary; Sanders, Harold; Tang, Fukung; Anderson, John; Byrum, Karen; Drake, Gary; Heartly, Camden; Le Dû, Patrick; Royon, Christophe; Genat, Jean François; Va'Vra, Jerry

    2008-06-01

    We propose to apply the ultra fast Time Of Flight technique (TOF) developed for High Energy Physics (HEP) particle detectors to biomedical imaging. The similarity of the problem in the two fields as well as the remarkable opportunities in biomedical imaging to use technologies developed in HEP have the potential to make major advances in the medical world, in particular for Positron Emission Tomography (PET). We will describe and present some preliminary results of the development of a new complete read-out chain able to manage signals from various types of modern photo detectors (MCP, APD, SiPM). This innovative architecture is made of a fast front-end electronics ASIC with novel Digital Signal Processing (DSP) concepts able to reach the Pico-second timing resolution, a time-to-digital converter, a pipelined digital readout and an integrated trigger/filter with real-time data treatment and display. In parallel with the hardware development, we have begun a systematic program to simulate system characteristics from the initial particle interaction to the final digital data, including a bit-by-bit mapping of the front end/data acquisition system. The introduction of these techniques and tools, common in HEP, has the potential to make improvement to biomedical imaging systems.

  20. Maximum-Entropy Inference with a Programmable Annealer

    PubMed Central

    Chancellor, Nicholas; Szoke, Szilard; Vinci, Walter; Aeppli, Gabriel; Warburton, Paul A.

    2016-01-01

    Optimisation problems typically involve finding the ground state (i.e. the minimum energy configuration) of a cost function with respect to many variables. If the variables are corrupted by noise then this maximises the likelihood that the solution is correct. The maximum entropy solution on the other hand takes the form of a Boltzmann distribution over the ground and excited states of the cost function to correct for noise. Here we use a programmable annealer for the information decoding problem which we simulate as a random Ising model in a field. We show experimentally that finite temperature maximum entropy decoding can give slightly better bit-error-rates than the maximum likelihood approach, confirming that useful information can be extracted from the excited states of the annealer. Furthermore we introduce a bit-by-bit analytical method which is agnostic to the specific application and use it to show that the annealer samples from a highly Boltzmann-like distribution. Machines of this kind are therefore candidates for use in a variety of machine learning applications which exploit maximum entropy inference, including language processing and image recognition. PMID:26936311

  1. Convergent Migration Renders TRAPPIST-1 Long-lived

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tamayo, Daniel; Rein, Hanno; Petrovich, Cristobal; Murray, Norman

    2017-05-01

    TRAPPIST-1 is a late M-dwarf orbited by seven Earth-sized planets with orbital period ratios near a chain of mean motion resonances. Due to uncertain system parameters, most orbital configurations drawn from the inferred posterior distribution are unstable on short timescales of ˜0.5 Myr, even when including the eccentricity damping effect of tides. By contrast, we show that most physically plausible resonant configurations generated through disk migration are stable even without tidal dissipation on timescales of at least 50 Myr (1010 orbits), an increase of at least two orders of magnitude. This result, together with the remarkable chain of period ratios in the system, provide strong evidence for convergent migration naturally emplacing the system near an equilibrium configuration forced by the resonant chain. We provide an openly available database of physically plausible initial conditions for TRAPPIST-1 generated through parameterized planet-disk interactions, as well as bit-by-bit reproducible N-body integrations over 109-1010 orbits.

  2. Audio Steganography with Embedded Text

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teck Jian, Chua; Chai Wen, Chuah; Rahman, Nurul Hidayah Binti Ab.; Hamid, Isredza Rahmi Binti A.

    2017-08-01

    Audio steganography is about hiding the secret message into the audio. It is a technique uses to secure the transmission of secret information or hide their existence. It also may provide confidentiality to secret message if the message is encrypted. To date most of the steganography software such as Mp3Stego and DeepSound use block cipher such as Advanced Encryption Standard or Data Encryption Standard to encrypt the secret message. It is a good practice for security. However, the encrypted message may become too long to embed in audio and cause distortion of cover audio if the secret message is too long. Hence, there is a need to encrypt the message with stream cipher before embedding the message into the audio. This is because stream cipher provides bit by bit encryption meanwhile block cipher provide a fixed length of bits encryption which result a longer output compare to stream cipher. Hence, an audio steganography with embedding text with Rivest Cipher 4 encryption cipher is design, develop and test in this project.

  3. Fully Exploiting the Potential of the Periodic Table through Pattern Recognition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schultz, Emeric

    2005-11-01

    This article describes an approach to learning chemical concepts that uses simple rules and pattern recognition to make the formulas of the oxides and hydrides of selected elements in the periodic table. The concepts that emerge from these exercises include: (i) how and why we write formulas as we do; (ii) the greatest and smallest values for oxidation numbers for important elements; (iii) the electronegativity scale; (iv) the acidic or basic characteristics of oxides depending on the formula and its location in the periodic table. This method involves a step-by-step progression in the student's ability to write formulas and balance equations without requiring a previous knowledge of chemical species or charge. Exceptions discovered in obtaining patterns are used to develop additional concepts as well as to discover regions of the table in which exceptions may be expected. This approach stresses finding commonalities rather than differences. This approach contrasts to current ways of presenting foundational materials in which, subject material is presented without regard to a rational development and in which exceptions abound. The current approach, in the author's opinion, sets the student on the path of learning chemistry bit by bit instead of in a holistic fashion.

  4. Least Reliable Bits Coding (LRBC) for high data rate satellite communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vanderaar, Mark; Wagner, Paul; Budinger, James

    1992-01-01

    An analysis and discussion of a bandwidth efficient multi-level/multi-stage block coded modulation technique called Least Reliable Bits Coding (LRBC) is presented. LRBC uses simple multi-level component codes that provide increased error protection on increasingly unreliable modulated bits in order to maintain an overall high code rate that increases spectral efficiency. Further, soft-decision multi-stage decoding is used to make decisions on unprotected bits through corrections made on more protected bits. Using analytical expressions and tight performance bounds it is shown that LRBC can achieve increased spectral efficiency and maintain equivalent or better power efficiency compared to that of Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK). Bit error rates (BER) vs. channel bit energy with Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) are given for a set of LRB Reed-Solomon (RS) encoded 8PSK modulation formats with an ensemble rate of 8/9. All formats exhibit a spectral efficiency of 2.67 = (log2(8))(8/9) information bps/Hz. Bit by bit coded and uncoded error probabilities with soft-decision information are determined. These are traded with with code rate to determine parameters that achieve good performance. The relative simplicity of Galois field algebra vs. the Viterbi algorithm and the availability of high speed commercial Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) for block codes indicates that LRBC using block codes is a desirable method for high data rate implementations.

  5. Biological neural networks as model systems for designing future parallel processing computers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ross, Muriel D.

    1991-01-01

    One of the more interesting debates of the present day centers on whether human intelligence can be simulated by computer. The author works under the premise that neurons individually are not smart at all. Rather, they are physical units which are impinged upon continuously by other matter that influences the direction of voltage shifts across the units membranes. It is only the action of a great many neurons, billions in the case of the human nervous system, that intelligent behavior emerges. What is required to understand even the simplest neural system is painstaking analysis, bit by bit, of the architecture and the physiological functioning of its various parts. The biological neural network studied, the vestibular utricular and saccular maculas of the inner ear, are among the most simple of the mammalian neural networks to understand and model. While there is still a long way to go to understand even this most simple neural network in sufficient detail for extrapolation to computers and robots, a start was made. Moreover, the insights obtained and the technologies developed help advance the understanding of the more complex neural networks that underlie human intelligence.

  6. Study report on laser storage and retrieval of image data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Becker, C. H.

    1976-01-01

    The theoretical foundation is presented for a system of real-time nonphotographic and nonmagnetic digital laser storage and retrieval of image data. The system utilizes diffraction-limited laser focusing upon thin metal films, melting elementary holes in the metal films in laser focus. The metal films are encapsulated in rotating flexible mylar discs which act as the permanent storage carries. Equal sized holes encompass two dimensional digital ensembles of information bits which are time-sequentially (bit by bit) stored and retrieved. The bits possess the smallest possible size, defined by the Rayleigh criterion of coherent physical optics. Space and time invariant reflective read-out of laser discs with a small laser, provides access to the stored digital information. By eliminating photographic and magnetic data processing, which characterize the previous state of the art, photographic grain, diffusion, and gamma-distortion do not exist. Similarly, magnetic domain structures, magnetic gaps, and magnetic read-out are absent with a digital laser disc system.

  7. The UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights: protecting future generations and the quest for a global consensus.

    PubMed

    Salako, Solomon E

    2008-12-01

    Since the coining of the term 'ectogenesis' by Haldane in 1924, we have witnessed sensational biotechnological triumphs such as in vitro fertilisation, the cloning of "Dolly" the sheep, and the publication of the human genetic code. These triumphs mix benefits with portents in one seamless package. The object of this article is to assess critically the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. It is argued that the Declaration is not a suitable international instrument for regulating biotechnology and protecting future generations. Finally, the feasibility of a legally binding international instrument based on a global consensus is evaluated.

  8. Polymethylmethacrylate membrane with a series of serendipity.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Yoshitada

    2011-01-01

    Forty years have passed since the polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) membrane was first developed. This article reviews its history and explains its longevity. The membrane was developed through application of a stereocomplex phenomenon that is observed upon mixture of isotactic and syndiotactic PMMA polymers. Filtryzer(TM) B1 and B2 were approved in Japan in 1977. B1 was the pioneer high-performance membrane model and B2 was a model that simulated a low-flux cellulosic membrane. The development of B1 led to the development of the dialysis machine with an ultrafiltration rate (UFR)-controlling function because the UFR of B1 was too high to control using transmembrane pressure control. B1 was used not only as a dialyzer but also as a hemodiafilter by combination with a UFR controller. Biocompatibility of the dialysis membrane, complement activation and/or transient leukopenia was studied with B2. Cooperative studies between Niigata University and Toray resulted in Gejyo's finding regarding the harmfulness of β(2)-microglobulin (BMG). Long-term follow-up of patients dialyzed using the BK membrane revealed that plasma BMG levels were significantly low and that the occurrence ratio of carpal tunnel syndrome was suppressed. These results were obtained by the adsorptive removal of BMG onto a PMMA membrane. Several papers have discussed new aspects in succession mainly based on clinical experiences that were not aimed at a development stage, i.e. they were kinds of serendipity. For the BK-F membrane with the largest pore size, this includes anemia and removal or modification of furancarboxylic acid, homocysteine, pentosidine and soluble CD40. For the BG membrane with a slightly anionic component, this includes pruritus and removal of free immunoglobulin light chains. Even patients' prognoses may be modified by the use of PMMA membrane. The mechanisms of these findings have been clarified bit by bit and the membrane will further open new frontiers in dialysis treatment.

  9. Wavelength techniques for digital holographic memories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lande, David

    Holographic storage is a technique to store and retrieve information spread out in a volume, in contrast to current optical devices which store information locally on a surface. It provides for parallel page-by-page recording and readout of data instead of the usual serial, bit-by-bit, technique, and offers much higher diffraction-limited capacity. Success in the development of a competitive holographic storage device then depends on its cost, compactness and reliability. Since the first digital demonstrations, considerable effort by various groups has been spent in the development of high performance, practical holographic systems. This thesis presents several contributions toward this goal, suitable for holographic storage in lithium niobate and other applicable media. An intuitive explanation of volume holography is given, and Fourier analysis is used to derive the diffraction- limited capacity of digital storage in the form of elementary refractive index gratings. The physics of photorefractive materials, which are commonly used in holographic recording, is then presented, along with an established phenomenological model for grating formation. Following an analysis of imaging and multiplexing, a completely automated storage system implementing wavelength-multiplexed holography is described and evaluated, highlighting the feasibility of systems with fewer optical and mechanical components. The volatility of information in photorefractive media is then addressed by a demonstration of optical fixing, a technique based on two-photon recording mechanisms. Such an all-optical technique removes the need for heating elements, high voltages, or other post-processing elements currently used in non-volatile systems. Two-photon recording is also used to modulate, or apodize, the amplitude of volume gratings within the crystal bulk, providing a flexible technique to reduce cross-talk noise between stored pages and optimize the system capacity. Finally, simulations of

  10. Flow Redistribution Between Legs and Brain During STS 93 Re-Entry and Landing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Arbeille, P.; Meck, J.; Porcher, M.; Benavides, E.; Martin, D. S.; South, D. A.; Ribeiro, C.; Westover, A.

    2003-01-01

    The objective was to quantify bit by bit the arterial hemodynamic response to the successive acceleration induced fluid shifts during re-entry and landing. Method: The astronaut instrumented himself with a flat Doppler probe fixed on the skin, a blood pressure arm cuff, and 3 ECG electrodes. The ICMS (integrated cardiovascular monitoring system, 15x15x25 cu cm, battery powered) designed to monitor Blood pressure, ECG, cerebral and femoral flows was fixed below the astronaut sit in the middeck. Recordings started 5 minutes before de-orbiting (TIG) and stopped 5 min after wheels stop. Results. During re-entry blood pressure increased by 20% at TIG, and then by 25 to 30% during the highest Gz accelerations (approx 1 S g ) . The cerebral flow remained decreased by 10 to 15% below inflight value all during the Entry and landing phases. Conversely the femoral flow increased at TIG and entry ( + l0 to 20%), recovered at 0.lg, and then decreased in proportion with the Gz acceleration (-10% to -40% from 0.5g to 1.5g). The reduction in Femoral flow was associated with an opposite variation in lower limb vascular resistance. Consequently the cerebral flow/femoral flow ratio decreased at TIG and entry (-20%), and then increased according to the Gz acceleration level ( + l0 to +40% from 0.5 to 1.5g). Conclusion: During orthostatic tests (Stand LBNP tests) the cerebral to femoral flow ratio allowed to quantify the efficiency of the flow redistribution between these 2 areas and predicted orthostatic intolerance. In the present case the astronaut was found orthostatically tolerant at postflight tilt tests, but we suggest that during re-entry this parameter could predict the occurrence of syncope in severely disadapted astronauts.

  11. Flow Redistribution Between Legs and Brain During STS 93 Re-Entry and Landing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Arbeille, P.; Meck, J.; Porcher, M.; Benavides, E.; Martin, D. S.; South, D. A.; Ribeiro, C.; Westover, A.

    2003-01-01

    The objective was to quantify bit by bit the arterial hemodynamic response to the successive acceleration induced fluid shifts during re-entry and landing. Method: The astronaut instrumented himself with a flat Doppler probe fixed on the skin, a blood pressure arm cuff, and 3 ECG electrodes. The ICMS (integrated cardiovascular monitoring system, 15x15x25 cu cm, battery powered) designed to monitor Blood pressure, ECG, cerebral and femoral flows was fixed below the astronaut sit in the middeck. Recordings started 5 minutes before de-orbiting (TIG) and stopped 5 min after wheels stop. Results. During re-entry blood pressure increased by 20% at TIG, and then by 25 to 30% during the highest Gz accelerations (approx 1 S g ) . The cerebral flow remained decreased by 10 to 15% below inflight value all during the Entry and landing phases. Conversely the femoral flow increased at TIG and entry ( + l0 to 20%), recovered at 0.lg, and then decreased in proportion with the Gz acceleration (-10% to -40% from 0.5g to 1.5g). The reduction in Femoral flow was associated with an opposite variation in lower limb vascular resistance. Consequently the cerebral flow/femoral flow ratio decreased at TIG and entry (-20%), and then increased according to the Gz acceleration level ( + l0 to +40% from 0.5 to 1.5g). Conclusion: During orthostatic tests (Stand LBNP tests) the cerebral to femoral flow ratio allowed to quantify the efficiency of the flow redistribution between these 2 areas and predicted orthostatic intolerance. In the present case the astronaut was found orthostatically tolerant at postflight tilt tests, but we suggest that during re-entry this parameter could predict the occurrence of syncope in severely disadapted astronauts.

  12. RSFQ logic devices; non-linear properties and experimental investigations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mygind, Jesper

    1998-05-01

    Rapid Single Flux Quantum (RSFQ) logic has a great potential as fast digital and high frequency analog electronics. Several Logic/Memory base elements and integrated sub-systems in the RSFQ family have been devised and tested since the pioneering work in the mid 1980s by K. K. Likharev's group at Moscow State University [1,2]. It is argumented why the RSFQ digital circuits are superior to the voltage state family circuits, which were utilised in the first development of Josephson logic. Also the parameter space for operation of the 1-D RSFQ transmission line is discussed. Presently most RSFQ circuits are made with low-Tc superconductors using the now mature whole-wafer NbAlOxNb technology, which allows for large and densely packed integrated circuits. Recently, a few operational high-Tc RSFQ circuits have been reported. An important development within the last two years is the advent of general-purpose on-chip bit-by-bit verification test systems. Timing of RSFQ circuits and a few recent RSFQ "highlights" are briefly mentioned. Basically the RSFQ technology appears "ready" for widespread industrial use. One of the key components is the RSFQ transmission line, which can both generate and transmit SFQ pulses. In order to demonstrate the importance of the fluxon dynamics we discuss a new phenomenon observed in a parallel array of identical junctions. Steps with extremely low differential resistance in the I-V characteristic are found to be due to the self-induced magnetic field produced by the edge current fed to the array. The underlying mechanism is that the nonuniform field divides the moving fluxon into "domains" covering several (unit) cells. The experimental/numerical results illustrate practical and may be more fundamental limits to RSFQ electronics.

  13. [Population education].

    PubMed

    Niang, M

    1992-12-01

    Africa has the highest population growth rate in the world (3%). It has 650 million people (about 900 million in 2000). Rapid population growth has serious consequences which, if not addressed, will be disastrous. This worrisome situation has led some governments to adopt demographic policies to slow down population growth. The UN Economic, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) recommends that schools provide population education. Various population conferences have popularized population education in schools among African countries. UNESCO began its regional program on population education in Africa in 1969. National family life and population education (FL/PE) projects have increased from 4 in 1970 to 32 in 1990 (17 in French- and Portuguese-speaking Africa and 5 in English-speaking Africa). These projects teach students about the links between demographic problems and socioeconomic factors and contemporary culture. They aim for total development of the individual and improvement of the quality of life for the individual, family, and community. Topics covered in FL/PE are birth rate; fertility; health; and maternal, infant, and child mortality; unwanted pregnancy; illegal abortion; sexually transmitted diseases; rural-urban migration; and urbanization. Benin introduced FL/PE at all levels of its education system while Senegal, Guinea, Mauritania, and Zaire introduced it to only the primary and secondary school levels. Some countries teach FL/PE as one discipline while most countries (e.g., Senegal) have integrated it into other disciplines (e.g., geography). FL/PE should begin in primary schools because they have the most students and prepare students for middle schools, which provide FL/PE. Elementary education in Senegal is being overhauled to introduce current major problems bit by bit. Senegal also wants to incorporate FL/PE into literacy and adult education programs. Integration of FL/PE into other disciplines should be encouraged.

  14. The Conundrums of the University's Ideological Battlegrounds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Stephen J.

    2016-01-01

    The lively experiment that "is" the college and university in America is characterized by sustained struggles and tempered triumphs that have both undergirded and challenged the fundamental foundation of the academy. Large questions shape the framework of the academy in America. These include: ideological and political correctness, the…

  15. Lessons and Conclusions on the Execution of IFOR Operations and Prospects for a Future Combined Security System: The Peace and Stability of Europe after IFOR

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-11-01

    London: Pinter Publishers, 1992. ________. Triumph of the Lack of Will: International Diplomacy and the Yugoslav War New York: Columbia University...Operation: Progress toward the Dayton Agreement’s Goals -- an Update : Statement of Harold J. Johnson, Associate Director, International Relations and

  16. Using Autobiography as a Vehicle to Study the Cultural Foundations of Twentieth Century African-American Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilton, Louis R., III

    2004-01-01

    In using the autobiographies of African-Americans as a heuristic, educators are provided with a context to view African-American educational history. The autobiographies of African-Americans tell stories of triumph over adversity as also revealed in Melba Beals' autobiography, "Warriors Don't Cry," a recount of the struggle to integrate…

  17. The Best of the Literacy Beat 1988-1989. The Best of the Literacy Beat 1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Writers Association, Washington, DC.

    This document is a set of two volumes that contain prize-winning newspaper articles and summaries of radio and television shows selected as part of the Media Resource Project on Literacy. Items in the 1988-89 book include the following: "Why Daddy Can't Read" (Sally L. Gilman); "The Triumph of Jimmy Sanchez" (Sandra Macias); "Illiteracy:…

  18. Erotic Love and the Development of Proto-Capitalist Ideology in Early Modern Comedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damsen, Silver

    2009-01-01

    My dissertation, "Erotic Love and the Development of Proto-Capitalist Ideology in Early Modern Comedy" demonstrates how increased crown authority, and an expanded market combine with the mixed agency of the romantic comedy daughter to further encourage early modern economic growth. The triumph of rebelling daughter over blocking father has…

  19. DISINFECTION BYPRODUCTS: THE NEXT GENERATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Disinfection of drinking water is rightly hailed as a major public health triumph of the 20th Century. Before widespread disinfection of drinking water in the U.S. and Europe, millions of people died from infectious waterborne diseases, such as typhoid and cholera. The microbia...

  20. "Ternura y tenacidad": "Testimonios" of Latina School Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Melissa A.; Marquez, Jocabed; Cantú, Yvette; Rocha, Patricia A.

    2016-01-01

    This study utilized "testimonio" as method to unearth the voices of four Latina school leaders from the southern region of the U.S. to shed light on their experiences, including triumphs and struggles, in navigating their career trajectories. The "testimonios" revealed distinctions as well as commonalities among the Latina…

  1. The CASSINI Ka-band gravitational wave experiments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tinto, M.

    2001-01-01

    The detection of gravitational radiation is one of the most challenging efforts in the physics of this century. A successful observation will not only represent a great triumph in experimental physics, but will also provide a new observational tool for obtaining better and deeper understanding about its sources, as well as a unique test of the proposed relativistic theories of gravity.

  2. What Gets a Cell Excited? Kinky Curves

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, Alan R.

    2014-01-01

    Hodgkin and Huxley's (5) revealing the origins of cellular excitability is one of the great triumphs of physiology. In an extraordinarily deft series of papers, they were able to measure the essential electrical characteristics of neurons and synthesize them into a quantitative model that accounts for the excitability of neurons and other…

  3. Evapotranspiration of irrigated sunflower in a semi-arid environment

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is an alternative crop for the Southern High Plains typically produced under dryland; however irrigation offers greater potential for enhanced productivity and quality. Sunflower [cv, S 672 NuSun (Triumph Dwarf)] was grown in 2009 at Bushland, Texas, on two 4.2 ha fiel...

  4. Hubble 2008: Science Year in Review

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2009-01-01

    Hubbles remarkable mission has now spanned 18 years. During that time, it has been at the nexus of perhaps the most exciting period of discovery in the history of astronomy. Simultaneously, Hubble has offered up some of the most daunting engineering challenges to humans working in space, and success in meeting those challenges has been among NASAs greatest triumphs.

  5. The Innovative Economy: Synergistic Partnerships, Workforce Demands, and Global Competition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrell, Dennis F.

    2007-01-01

    This article depicts the dual triumphs achieved by York Technical College and business/industry in creating a win-win solution to address workforce needs and shortages. The unique approach to partnership described is called "The Innovative Economy." It allows local companies and the college to maximize assets by providing exemplary showrooms with…

  6. The Power of Four (the 4-Lab Study): ORD’s Integrated Disinfection By-Products Mixtures Research Project

    EPA Science Inventory

    Chemical disinfection of water, a major public health triumph of the 20th century, has resulted in dramatic decreases in morbidity and mortality from water-borne disease. The intended result of chemical disinfection of drinking water is reduction of microbial contamination; the u...

  7. Bumpy Journeys: A Young Chinese Adolescent's Transitional Schooling across Two Sociocultural Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Wen

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative case study explores one young adolescent's transitional schooling from an American context to a Chinese context. Although the student was bilingual and bicultural, she experiences multiple struggles, triumphs, and dilemmas across the two educational settings. These findings have implications for those adolescents and parents who…

  8. Science under duress

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-11-01

    In the first half of the 20th century, devotion to Marx's "one science" contributed to the deaths of millions of ordinary Russians. How this happened is the subject of Stalin and the Scientists: a History of Triumph and Tragedy by Simon Ings.

  9. Democratic Education through the Eyes of the Poor: Appraising the Post-Apartheid Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Msila, Vuyisile

    2013-01-01

    Arguably, one of the major achievements in the 1990s in South Africa was the final toppling of apartheid government and the triumph of democracy over the unjust and unequal past legislation. Since then schools are some of the institutions that have infused democracy ideals into their policies, curriculum and other aspects of school life. The…

  10. Stories from Hopescapes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Violet J.

    2011-01-01

    Author Virginia Hamilton had the gift of creating lyrical phrases that captured the complexities of life. Among her most notable phrase is the idea of the "hopescape," the metaphoric description of the pains and joys, triumphs and defeats, longing, and dreams that make us human. The publication of an edited volume that compiles a sampling of…

  11. Finnish Higher Education Reforms: Responding to Globalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tjeldvoll, Arild

    2009-01-01

    The international academic success of Finnish secondary schooling in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the triumph of the Finnish technology company NOKIA have stimulated national ambitions to improve higher education institutions in Finland. Because secondary schooling and technology in Finland receive world recognition,…

  12. Academic Studies, Science, and Democracy: Conceptions of Subject Matter from Harris to Thorndike

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watras, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    When Ellen Condliffe Lagemann described what she called the troubling history of education research, she claimed that, in the early years of the twentieth century, Edward Lee Thorndike's narrow model of science replaced John Dewey's more open ideas. According to Lagemann, sexism was an important reason for Thorndike's triumph. In describing the…

  13. Six Principles of Undergraduate Learning: The Not-So-Easy Road to Writing and Committing to Them

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Sharon J.; Banta, Trudy W.; Evenbeck, Scott E.

    2006-01-01

    Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) has joined campuses across the nation in identifying and assessing student learning outcomes. With its 20 schools, diverse populations, and multiple goals, how this urban institution managed to organize much of its work around six learning principles is a tale of both caution and triumph.…

  14. Women as Leaders in Education: Succeeding Despite Inequity, Discrimination, and Other Challenges. Women and Careers in Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Jennifer L., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    This up-to-date, candid examination of women's careers in education and leadership in education describes the pitfalls, triumphs, and future promise of female leaders in education. Despite the gains women have made in higher education over the past few decades, and an increasing number of well-qualified female candidates, they are still…

  15. DISINFECTION BYPRODUCTS: THE NEXT GENERATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Disinfection of drinking water is rightly hailed as a major public health triumph of the 20th Century. Before widespread disinfection of drinking water in the U.S. and Europe, millions of people died from infectious waterborne diseases, such as typhoid and cholera. The microbia...

  16. Family Connections: When the Personal Parent-Professional Partnership Is in Your Own Head

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Amy E.

    2013-01-01

    As an early childhood professional, this author spent the first 17 years of her career as an advocate for children and their families. With an advanced degree in early childhood special education, she learned about the pitfalls and triumphs of special education. After leaving the classroom and entering the world of academia in teacher education,…

  17. The Next Generation of Disinfection By-Products

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the 20th century. Millions of people worldwide receive quality drinking water every day from their public water systems. However, chemical disinfection has also produced an unintended health ...

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF A RESEARCH STRATEGY FOR INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY-BASED TOXICOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION BYPRODUCTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Chemical disinfection of water is a major public health triumph of the 20th century. Dramatic decreases in both morbidity and mortality of waterborne diseases are a direct result of water disinfection. With these important public health benefits comes low-level, chronic exposure ...

  19. Does Watching Help? In Search of the Theory of Change for Education Monitoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Post, David

    2015-01-01

    In 2015 Education for All (EFA), concludes its 25-year cycle, and the Global Monitoring Report (GMR) publishes its final assessment of triumph and defeat in reaching the six EFA goals. Before the United Nations adopts new Sustainable Development Goals, it is essential to consider the underlying theories of monitoring. This essay addresses two…

  20. The Conundrums of the University's Ideological Battlegrounds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Stephen J.

    2016-01-01

    The lively experiment that "is" the college and university in America is characterized by sustained struggles and tempered triumphs that have both undergirded and challenged the fundamental foundation of the academy. Large questions shape the framework of the academy in America. These include: ideological and political correctness, the…

  1. The Perception of Women Contending for First Place in the Information Technology World: A Qualitative Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claggett, Gwendolyn P.

    2016-01-01

    Gender differences have impacted the leadership IT (information technology) environment for decades. Research continues to study the barriers and triumphs women endure within the technical leadership world. Over the past decade, women have strived ahead by ignoring the gender negativity and taken a permanent position in the IT leadership role. The…

  2. Into the Community and Not on the Shelf: Learning to Develop a Meaningful HIV/AIDS Curriculum for Multiple Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Tasha

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the process involved in creating a community-based training curriculum designed to build capacity and foster new knowledge in support of HIV/AIDS education. Highlighted are the challenges and triumphs incurred while working with community and academic partners to ensure the production of an adaptable curriculum designed to…

  3. Disinfection By-Products and Drinking Water Treatment

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the 20th century. Before its widespread use, millions of people died from waterborne diseases. Now, people in developed nations receive quality drinking water every day from their public wa...

  4. The "Saggi" and Practical Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melville, Wayne

    2013-01-01

    The "Saggi di naturali esperienze" was published in 1667 by one of the earliest scientific societies, the Accademia del Cimento. The book was a triumph for the ruling Medici family of Florence, and the commitment of the Accademia to experimentation helped the "Saggi" become the "laboratory manual" of the 18th century.…

  5. Disinfection By-Products: Formation and Occurrence in Drinking Water

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the twentieth century. Millions of people worldwide receive quality drinking water every day from their public water systems. However, chemical disinfection has also produced an unintended he...

  6. Consuming Prose: The Delectable Rhetoric of Food Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, Lynn Z.

    2008-01-01

    Food writing, like cooking, offers control over at least a small slice of an otherwise refractory world. As practiced by writers so good that whether they can cook or not is beside the point, food writing is most often upbeat and nurturing, providing successes and triumphs--modest and major--for readers to feast on, with occasional glimpses of…

  7. DEVELOPMENT OF A RESEARCH STRATEGY FOR INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY-BASED-TOXICOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL EVALUATION OF COMPLEX MIXTURES OF DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION BYPRODUCTS

    EPA Science Inventory


    Chemical disinfection of water is a major public health triumph of the 20th century. Dramatic decreases in both morbidity and mortality of water-borne diseases are a direct result of water disinfection. With these important public health benefits comes low-level, chronic ex...

  8. Ayn Rand: Effective Educational Leadership Traits Compared to Selfishness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Barbara A.; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2009-01-01

    A man's self-interest cannot be determined by blind desires or random whims, feelings, urges, or wishes. His interest must be discovered and achieved by the guidance of rational principles that he chooses for himself. This selfishness is man's way to individual triumph over hardships. It is a virtue. Man must be guided by his own independent…

  9. An Australian Science Curriculum: Competition, Advances and Retreats

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aubusson, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Science schooling enjoys high status. Scientific capability is perceived as critical in underpinning economic success in advanced societies. Science achievement, at all levels, has become a global competition in which nations want to be seen to triumph. Governments periodically pay close attention to science education with a view to ensuring it…

  10. Bringing It All Back Home: An Innovative Approach to the Provision of Tailored Education and Training for Young People--The Experience of the Adult Better Learning and Education (ABLE) 18-21 Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craddock, Fergus

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to give a brief overview of the context to the Adult Better Learning and Education (ABLE) 18-21 programme and the objectives which the programme aimed to fulfil in light of the challenges facing early school leavers. The article will also document the triumphs and challenges experienced by the participants when returning…

  11. The Next Generation of Drinking Water Disinfection By-Products

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the 20th century. Millions of people worldwide receive quality drinking water every day from their public water systems. However, chemical disinfection has also produced an unintended healt...

  12. Classic and Modern Propaganda in Documentary Film: Teaching the Psychology of Persuasion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Kevin E.

    2008-01-01

    Primary source material found in documentary film has the potential to richly inform college teaching. This article describes using 2 historically significant documentary-style films to teach concepts in the psychology of persuasion. Exemplary clips taken from "Triumph of the Will" (Riefenstahl, 1935) and "Fahrenheit 9/11" (Moore, 2004)…

  13. Mass Spectrometry Identification of Toxicologically Important Drinking Water Disinfection By-Products

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the 20th century. Before its widespread use, millions of people died from waterborne diseases. Now, people in developed nations receive quality drinking water every day from their public wate...

  14. The Role of an African American Principal in an Urban Information Technology High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gooden, Mark A.

    2005-01-01

    The research reported here is the result of an exploration of the challenges and triumphs of an African American secondary principal who used a culture-specific leadership style in his quest to raise the standards at an information technology high school. This case study of the principal explores his combining of the elements of traditional…

  15. Teaching Dance to Deaf Students: A Case Study in Cape Coast, Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hampton, Tarin T. D.

    2013-01-01

    This article focuses on the challenges and triumphs of teachers who guide students with visual and auditory impairments to learn about and experience African-based dance as part of a healthy, active lifestyle. The teachers share insights they have gained in developing best practices by capturing the inherent nature of dance as kinesthetic…

  16. Vaccination Policies Fall on Schools' Shoulders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2007-01-01

    Vaccines are one of the triumphs of modern medicine, relegating many once-fearsome diseases to the history books. Denying access to school has long been the best way to ensure that children get vaccinated, but carrying out any change in immunization policy means a lot of work for school officials. This article discusses the unity of several…

  17. Beyond Learning Literacy at School: One Chinese Adolescent's Educational Journey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Wen

    2009-01-01

    Drawing on a variety of qualitative data, this case study explored one Chinese adolescent's decade-long educational journey at various American schools. The findings reveal academic triumphs, familial conflicts, and developmental dilemmas experienced by the student and the family across different sociocultural spaces. This research has…

  18. Get the Federal Government out of Education? That Wasn't the Founding Fathers' Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Jack

    2011-01-01

    With the triumph of Tea Party candidates and other conservatives in 2010, many in the new Congress are pressing to get the federal government out of education. Eliminating or curtailing federal involvement in education would be a wrong-headed, simplistic move for several reasons: (1) It ignores the nation's history; (2) It would erode the state…

  19. Yes, No, or Maybe? Transitions in Chilean Society in Pablo Larraín's "No"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Alexis

    2015-01-01

    Pablo Larraín's film "No" (2012) has been widely viewed and reviewed both at home in Chile and internationally. Some reviewers have focused on the film's representation of the triumph of hope and optimism over tyranny. Others have criticized the film's historical inaccuracy, citing a list of details that the film either got wrong or left…

  20. Nation-Building Modeling and Resource Allocation Via Dynamic Programming

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    disappointments, not their triumphs [73] Pei and Kasper 1.1 Motivation In the history of the United States (US) there have been over 200 instances where...Additional objective functions which may include violence or other enemy ac - tions. • Heuristics to better approximate cost–to–go function. • Explore other

  1. Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Theater for U.S. and Partner Nation Special Operations Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-01

    interests and principles in the NSS 2010. The U.S. will logically have an interest in preserving what U.S. policymakers view as a triumph of American...this plan. Cambodia, one of China’s few friends in the region, chaired ASEAN during 2012. Acced - ing to China’s wishes, Cambodia used its position in

  2. Reawaken the American Spirit of Innovation in Your Organization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    ability to create new solutions to triumph over these difficult issues are essen- tial to America’s future security requirements and prosperity...his “The Accidental Creative” podcast, 26 September 2013, http://www.accidentalcreative.com/podcasts / ac -podcast-65-process-vs-product/. 22. Dan Roam

  3. 77 FR 26643 - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... Washington, D.C., an enduring symbol of the friendship shared between the United States and Japan and a... centuries of trial and triumph, let us ] rededicate ourselves to making our Nation a place that welcomes the... 4, 2012 Part IV The President Proclamation 8806--Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage...

  4. Understanding Propaganda: The Epistemic Merit Model and its Application to Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Sheryl Tuttle

    2002-01-01

    Pablo Picasso's "Guernica," Francisco de Goya's "Fifth of May," Eugene Delacroix's "Liberty Leading the People," George Orwell's "Road to Wigan Pier," Leni Riefenstahl's "Triumph of the Will," and D. W. Griffith's "Birth of a Nation," are all examples of expressly political art. Historically some art has been not only an object of aesthetic…

  5. Unfencing the Range: History, Identity, Property, and Apocalypse in "Lame Deer Seeker of Visions."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanborn, Geoff

    1990-01-01

    Seemingly chaotic to Western eyes, John Lame Deer's autobiography has a meaningful structure based on Lakota numerology and oral tradition. The book explores conflicts between White and Indian conceptions of identity and property, and sees itself as an instrument in the apocalyptic triumph of Indian spirituality over White greed. (SV)

  6. Murals as Monuments: Students' Ideas about Depictions of Civilization in British Columbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seixas, Peter; Clark, Penney

    2004-01-01

    Around the world people confront monuments that celebrate historical origins, movements, heroes, and triumphs no longer seen as worthy of celebration. While an analysis of these "lieux de memoire" themselves can reveal historical consciousness, the sites become particularly interesting at the moment when they inspire debate, namely, when…

  7. A Toxicological Perspective on Disinfection ByProducts

    EPA Science Inventory

    Disinfection of water is essential for reduction of microbes harmful to human health and chemical disinfection is considered one of the major public health triumphs of the 20th Century. An unintended consequence of disinfection with oxidizing chemicals is formation of disinfectio...

  8. Liberating the Enlightenment: How a Transformed Relationship with Animals Can Help Us Transcend Modernity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Cassandra D.

    2003-01-01

    The Enlightenment rejection of the Cartesian mechanistic understanding of animals was accompanied by a (re)new(ed) anti-cruelty sentiment. Compassion, however, fell victim to the triumph of reason leading Western culture toward an era of cruelty to animals on an unprecedented scale. What was absent in Enlightenment thought, even among proponents…

  9. Evolution of United States Military Landmine Doctrine and Employment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    end of the war, destroying nearly all documents. In his book Infernal Machines: The Story of Confederate Submarine and Mine Warfare, Milton F. Perry......Geoffrey. The Cambridge Illustrated History of Warfare: The Triumph of the West. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Perry, Milton F

  10. Vignettes from the Field: Stories from Four New Minority Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stallworth, B. Joyce

    The four narratives presented in this paper represent the classroom triumphs and tribulations of four beginning minority teachers. The vignettes are part of a larger case study investigating the specific socialization experiences of these new teachers, graduates of the Peabody College (Tennessee) Internship/Induction Program, an alternative…

  11. Reconciling Memories of Internment Camp Experiences During WWII in Children's and Young Adult Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glasgow, Jacqueline N.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the uprooting of Japanese Americans during World War II as portrayed in children's/young adult literature. Discovers the triumph of the spirit of the survivors and replaces suppressed images with empowering ones. Considers stories and narratives in literature as a resource through which readers might shape their understanding of the…

  12. Operations Odyssey Dawn and Unified Protector: Another Win for Warden s Theory

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-04

    the aircraft aimed at armoured vehicles just outside Benghazi. At night, US Navy ships and Royal Navy submarine HMS Triumph launched 112 Tomahawk...John Warden and the Renaissance of American Air Power (Washington, DC: Potomac Books Inc ., 2007), 19. 11 Ibid, 20. 4...warning is that interdiction missions should not be attempted without air superiority, except under unusual circumstances. A possible compromise is

  13. Understanding Richard Wright's "Black Boy": A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felgar, Robert

    In "Black Boy," Richard Wright triumphs over an ugly, racist world by fashioning an inspiring, powerful, beautiful, and fictionalized autobiography. To help students understand and appreciate his story in the cultural, political, racial, social, and literary contexts of its time, this casebook provides primary historical documents,…

  14. Unfencing the Range: History, Identity, Property, and Apocalypse in "Lame Deer Seeker of Visions."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanborn, Geoff

    1990-01-01

    Seemingly chaotic to Western eyes, John Lame Deer's autobiography has a meaningful structure based on Lakota numerology and oral tradition. The book explores conflicts between White and Indian conceptions of identity and property, and sees itself as an instrument in the apocalyptic triumph of Indian spirituality over White greed. (SV)

  15. Universal Newborn Screening and Adverse Medical Outcomes: A Historical Note

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brosco, Jeffrey P.; Seider, Michael I.; Dunn, Angela C.

    2006-01-01

    Universal newborn screening programs for metabolic disorders are typically described as a triumph of medicine and public policy in the US over the last 50 years. Advances in science and technology, including the Human Genome Project, offer the opportunity to expand universal newborn screening programs to include many additional metabolic and…

  16. Regional Organizations and Opportunity in Nigeria

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-02

    tab_Bud_Planned&tabI D=tab_sct_Peace_Planned. 80 Faith Karimi and Katarina Hoije, “International Leaders Push for Military Intervention in Mali...of the AU: The Hurdles and the Triumphs." New African 519 (July 2012): 10-14. Accessed 15 September 2012. ProQuest. Karimi , Faith, and Katarina

  17. The Next Generation of Disinfection By-Products

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the 20th century. Millions of people worldwide receive quality drinking water every day from their public water systems. However, chemical disinfection has also produced an unintended health ...

  18. Early Childhood Development in South Africa--Progress Since the End of Apartheid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atmore, Eric

    2013-01-01

    In April 1994, South Africa held its historic first democratic election. The African National Congress overwhelmingly triumphed and Nelson Mandela became the first president of a free and democratic South Africa. In this review, the situation of South Africa's young children under apartheid and the context of young children in South Africa in 2012…

  19. Hubble 2008: Science Year in Review

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2009-01-01

    Hubbles remarkable mission has now spanned 18 years. During that time, it has been at the nexus of perhaps the most exciting period of discovery in the history of astronomy. Simultaneously, Hubble has offered up some of the most daunting engineering challenges to humans working in space, and success in meeting those challenges has been among NASAs greatest triumphs.

  20. God's Turnstile: The Work of John Wheeler and Stephen Hawking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Overbye, Dennis

    1991-01-01

    Presents an excerpt from the book entitled "Lonely Hearts of the Cosmos." Provides narration of behind-the-scenes events in the lives, the scientific debates, and the intellectual triumphs of the two physicists responsible for inventing the concept of the black hole. (JJK)

  1. Rings: Five Passions in World Art. Multicultural Curriculum Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA.

    This curriculum handbook uses a discipline based art education (DBAE) approach, and includes lessons appropriate for use with students in grades 3-12. Five units address themes of universally experienced emotions: love, anguish, awe, triumph, and joy. Art exemplars are draw from among the international cultures represented in the High Museum of…

  2. Encountering Mortality: A Decade Later, the Pedagogical Necessity of "Six Feet Under"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petitfils, Brad

    2016-01-01

    In today's society, where the Promethean project of mastering the universe seems to guide the scientific community to its last moment of triumph--human immortality--young people seem to lack curricular opportunities to engage with mortality. This is not surprising, as the legacy of psychology, as far back as the times of Freud and Jung, exposes a…

  3. Finding Meaning in PDS Stories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breault, Rick A.

    2010-01-01

    The Professional Development School (PDS) literature is filled with the stuff of good storytelling--archetypes of an ancient profession, struggles of marginalized individuals against powerful structures, personal triumphs, and devotion to a quest. However, much of the writing about PDS experiences that could be considered storytelling tends to…

  4. Universal Newborn Screening and Adverse Medical Outcomes: A Historical Note

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brosco, Jeffrey P.; Seider, Michael I.; Dunn, Angela C.

    2006-01-01

    Universal newborn screening programs for metabolic disorders are typically described as a triumph of medicine and public policy in the US over the last 50 years. Advances in science and technology, including the Human Genome Project, offer the opportunity to expand universal newborn screening programs to include many additional metabolic and…

  5. Get the Federal Government out of Education? That Wasn't the Founding Fathers' Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Jack

    2011-01-01

    With the triumph of Tea Party candidates and other conservatives in 2010, many in the new Congress are pressing to get the federal government out of education. Eliminating or curtailing federal involvement in education would be a wrong-headed, simplistic move for several reasons: (1) It ignores the nation's history; (2) It would erode the state…

  6. Erotic Love and the Development of Proto-Capitalist Ideology in Early Modern Comedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damsen, Silver

    2009-01-01

    My dissertation, "Erotic Love and the Development of Proto-Capitalist Ideology in Early Modern Comedy" demonstrates how increased crown authority, and an expanded market combine with the mixed agency of the romantic comedy daughter to further encourage early modern economic growth. The triumph of rebelling daughter over blocking father has…

  7. USSR Report, Military Affairs, No. 1806.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-10-24

    34There’s not a civilian enterprise in the vicinity where people from our unit would not work. One can see them anywhere—both in the confectionary ...navy is a triumph for the labors of our peo- ple and a product of the selfless efforts of our scientists, designers, engineers and workers. The

  8. Classic and Modern Propaganda in Documentary Film: Teaching the Psychology of Persuasion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Kevin E.

    2008-01-01

    Primary source material found in documentary film has the potential to richly inform college teaching. This article describes using 2 historically significant documentary-style films to teach concepts in the psychology of persuasion. Exemplary clips taken from "Triumph of the Will" (Riefenstahl, 1935) and "Fahrenheit 9/11" (Moore, 2004)…

  9. American Album: 200 Years of Constitutional Democracy. Law in U.S. History. Law in Social Studies Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suter, Coral; Croddy, Marshall

    This book explores the lives of people who have shaped the laws and legal system of the United States and describes their impact on the U.S. Constitution. The new government's beginnings are examined in unit 1, through the pitfalls and triumphs of the First Continental Congress. The role of John Marshall, the First Chief Justice of the Supreme…

  10. Consuming Prose: The Delectable Rhetoric of Food Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloom, Lynn Z.

    2008-01-01

    Food writing, like cooking, offers control over at least a small slice of an otherwise refractory world. As practiced by writers so good that whether they can cook or not is beside the point, food writing is most often upbeat and nurturing, providing successes and triumphs--modest and major--for readers to feast on, with occasional glimpses of…

  11. Let Freedom Ring! Bulletin, 1937, No. 32

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calhoun, Harold G.; Calhoun, Dorothy; Hatch, Roy W.; Cohen, Philip H.; Schramm, Rudolf

    1937-01-01

    This volume of "Let Freedom Ring!" contains the scripts of the 13 national broadcasts of the radio series of that name presented in the spring of 1937 over the national network of the Columbia Broadcast System. In "Let Freedom Ring!" you will find the courage, the struggle, the triumph of men and women who fought to win and safeguard liberties…

  12. Teaching Dance to Deaf Students: A Case Study in Cape Coast, Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hampton, Tarin T. D.

    2013-01-01

    This article focuses on the challenges and triumphs of teachers who guide students with visual and auditory impairments to learn about and experience African-based dance as part of a healthy, active lifestyle. The teachers share insights they have gained in developing best practices by capturing the inherent nature of dance as kinesthetic…

  13. Western Hemisphere Conference on Persons with Disabilities. Conference Proceedings (Washington, D.C., March 14-18, 1993) = Conferencia Hemisferica Occidental sobre Personas con Discapacidades. Actas de la Conferencia. (Washington, D.C., 14 al 18 de Marzo de 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, Jerry D., Ed.; And Others

    This document presents the proceedings of a conference which brought together delegates and First Ladies representing western hemisphere nations to address needs and issues affecting people with disabilities in the Americas. It presents the texts of two keynote addresses: "Small Triumphs, Big Victories: A Global View of Persons with…

  14. Overcoming Modern-Postmodern Dichotomies: Some Possible Benefits for the Counselling Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bekerman, Zvi; Tatar, Moshe

    2005-01-01

    The rhetorical/discursive turn, in its multiple disciplinary masks, is here to stay. Even psychology is giving in to its charm. The Sophists can smile again, the agora is back, and the solipsistic self is in retreat. Dialogical, narrative, and cultural psychologies, as well as the counselling profession, triumph the return of the social, the…

  15. Resilient School Leaders: Strategies for Turning Adversity into Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Jerry L.; Kelleher, Paul

    2005-01-01

    Getting fired, dealing with bitter disputes, having your competence or integrity challenged--these are experiences that educators have all the time. But what's the difference between educators who triumph over adversity versus those who succumb? Blending sage wisdom and research with real stories from educators, this book introduces you to three…

  16. It's a Gift: "Ray," "The Incredibles" and Lives of Greatness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2005-01-01

    The American biopic is an expression of distinctively American culture. Its story elements mirror the ideologies of mainstream America. The crucial ingredient in a biopic or a cartoon classic is the triumph of an indomitable struggler in circumstances that crush everyone else. "Ray" is an example of the biopic in its strongest and most affecting…

  17. The Courage of Their Convictions: Empowering Voices of Girls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Will, Katherine

    1994-01-01

    Reviews childhood trauma/abuse experienced by Maya Angelou and discusses how Angelou survived and triumphed over these experiences. Relates Angelou's story to moral developmental theory for women proposed by Carol Gilligan, focusing on Gilligan's metaphor of having a "voice." (NB)

  18. U.S. EPA’s Four Lab Study: Integrated Assessment of Complex Disinfection Byproduct Mixtures - Slides

    EPA Science Inventory

    Chemical disinfection of drinking water is considered one of the major public health triumphs of the 20th century, as it reduces concentrations of potentially pathogenic microorganisms resulting in corresponding decreases in morbidity and mortality from water-borne diseases. An ...

  19. U.S. EPA’s Four Lab Study: Integrated Assessment of Complex Disinfection Byproduct Mixtures - Abstract

    EPA Science Inventory

    Chemical disinfection of drinking water is considered one of the major public health triumphs of the 20th century, as it reduces concentrations of potentially pathogenic microorganisms resulting in corresponding decreases in morbidity and mortality from water-borne diseases. An ...

  20. "Ternura y tenacidad": "Testimonios" of Latina School Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Melissa A.; Marquez, Jocabed; Cantú, Yvette; Rocha, Patricia A.

    2016-01-01

    This study utilized "testimonio" as method to unearth the voices of four Latina school leaders from the southern region of the U.S. to shed light on their experiences, including triumphs and struggles, in navigating their career trajectories. The "testimonios" revealed distinctions as well as commonalities among the Latina…

  1. The Machine in the Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gay, Ruth

    1979-01-01

    From the library's viewpoint, collection growth and the need to frequently update index terms make automation almost inevitable. But this triumph of technology over print is hard on scholars, who find microforms and printouts difficult to read and who cannot browse a database like a shelf or card catalog. (SJL)

  2. To Defend the Atlantic Home

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-02

    This victory symbolized the triumphs of the ideals of the French Revolution. Ironically, Hegel’s ideas were borrowed by Karl Marx to support his...Russia runs from Danzig, or perhaps Stettin, to Trieste. x" The fact that Karl Marx made this statement in 1853 does not invalidate it, either as an

  3. The Perception of Women Contending for First Place in the Information Technology World: A Qualitative Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claggett, Gwendolyn P.

    2016-01-01

    Gender differences have impacted the leadership IT (information technology) environment for decades. Research continues to study the barriers and triumphs women endure within the technical leadership world. Over the past decade, women have strived ahead by ignoring the gender negativity and taken a permanent position in the IT leadership role. The…

  4. The "Saggi" and Practical Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melville, Wayne

    2013-01-01

    The "Saggi di naturali esperienze" was published in 1667 by one of the earliest scientific societies, the Accademia del Cimento. The book was a triumph for the ruling Medici family of Florence, and the commitment of the Accademia to experimentation helped the "Saggi" become the "laboratory manual" of the 18th century.…

  5. Liberation Therapeutics: Consciousness Raising as a Problem.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lasch-Quinn, Elisabeth

    2002-01-01

    Questions the content and form of consciousness raising as a mode of purveying knowledge or bringing about change by considering its emergence in the civil rights movement. Examines such books as "Black Rage" (William Grierand Price Cobbs), "Triumph of the Therapeutic" (Philip Reiff), "Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or…

  6. Toward a Theater of Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silvera, Frank

    1969-01-01

    Praises the humanitarian value of a James Baldwin play, which pleads for compassion and understanding of another man's (here, the Negro's) point of view, trials and triumphs as a human being, and search to find meaning in the human predicament. (KG)

  7. Understanding Richard Wright's "Black Boy": A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felgar, Robert

    In "Black Boy," Richard Wright triumphs over an ugly, racist world by fashioning an inspiring, powerful, beautiful, and fictionalized autobiography. To help students understand and appreciate his story in the cultural, political, racial, social, and literary contexts of its time, this casebook provides primary historical documents,…

  8. 3 CFR 8914 - Proclamation 8914 of December 6, 2012. National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, 2012

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... devastating attacks ever to befall the American people. In less than 2 hours, the bombs that rained on Pearl... determination of our people—we will gain the inevitable triumph.” Millions stood up and shipped out to meet that... honor of those American patriots who died as a result of their service at Pearl Harbor. IN WITNESS...

  9. [Odontology and the beginning of cartesianism (1673--1650) (Rene Descartes)].

    PubMed

    Gysel, C

    1979-01-01

    In the seventeenth century the universities of the Netherlands underwent the influence of Descartes in all the faculties. In medicine three periods can be distinguished: in the first, pathology and therapy are still galenic; the second, by the application of the cartesian method, triumphs in physiology; and the third, corrected by the views of Newton is integrated in a moderate biomechanism.

  10. The Operational Planning Factors of Culture and Religion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Yugoslavian Inferno , (New York: Continuum Publishing Company, 1994), 229. 33 Ralph Peters, Fighting for the Futures: Will America Triumph...Strategic Studies Institute, U. S. Army War College, 1998. Mojzes, Paul, Yugoslavian Inferno , New York: Continuum Publishing, 1994. Nardin, Terry, The

  11. Early Entrance to College: Students' Stories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula

    1998-01-01

    Presents essays that describe the fears, anxieties, hopes, problems, and triumphs of 11 students who chose to go to college early. Difficulties faced included initial academic failures due to immaturity and a lack of well-developed study skills; however, overall achievement was high and the experience was perceived as positive. (CR)

  12. Our "Wild Patience": Our Energetic Deeds, Our Energizing Future. Working Paper No. 158.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stimpson, Catharine R.

    The Wellesley College Center for Research on Women represents a triumph of women's studies. Women's studies have sought a particular ethic, valuing the moral equality of those who seek education and of those who offer it. Women's studies have sought to alter institutions so that they embody such an ethic and to change the consciousness of both…

  13. Car Wrecks, Baseball Caps, and Man-to-Man Defense: The Personal Narratives of Adolescent Males.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tobin, Lad

    1996-01-01

    Scrutinizes the author's response to a seemingly stereotypical male narrative written by a student fitting the disruptive macho male stereotype. Examines how teachers respond to stereotypical male narratives of conquest and individualist triumph, and whether their responses to such essays are not conditioned by their responses to the authors. (TB)

  14. Air and Space Power Journal. Volume 20, Number 4, Winter 2006

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too...from the new.” Ibid. 25. Jesus of Nazareth, quoted in Luke 5:31 (New American Standard Version). Never tell people how to do things. Tell them what

  15. Using the GRAPES OF WRATH in the History Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Randy

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that literary fiction may be used to enhance students' understanding of an historical period. Demonstrates how Steinbeck's GRAPES OF WRATH may be used to convey the human side of problems, sufferings, and triumphs that the United States experienced during the Great Depression. (JDH)

  16. The Hard and Stubborn Life of Vaclav Havel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skvorecky, Josef

    1990-01-01

    Profiles Czechoslovakia's new president and his country's history. Describes Havel's role in the 50-year fight against communism and the eventual triumph of democracy. Includes a timeline and excerpts from Havel's inaugural address. Instructional materials consist of classroom discussion questions, activities, and readings for teachers. (JS)

  17. Finnish Higher Education Reforms: Responding to Globalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tjeldvoll, Arild

    2009-01-01

    The international academic success of Finnish secondary schooling in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the triumph of the Finnish technology company NOKIA have stimulated national ambitions to improve higher education institutions in Finland. Because secondary schooling and technology in Finland receive world recognition,…

  18. Encountering Mortality: A Decade Later, the Pedagogical Necessity of "Six Feet Under"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petitfils, Brad

    2016-01-01

    In today's society, where the Promethean project of mastering the universe seems to guide the scientific community to its last moment of triumph--human immortality--young people seem to lack curricular opportunities to engage with mortality. This is not surprising, as the legacy of psychology, as far back as the times of Freud and Jung, exposes a…

  19. Yes, No, or Maybe? Transitions in Chilean Society in Pablo Larraín's "No"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Alexis

    2015-01-01

    Pablo Larraín's film "No" (2012) has been widely viewed and reviewed both at home in Chile and internationally. Some reviewers have focused on the film's representation of the triumph of hope and optimism over tyranny. Others have criticized the film's historical inaccuracy, citing a list of details that the film either got wrong or left…

  20. Early Childhood Development in South Africa--Progress Since the End of Apartheid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atmore, Eric

    2013-01-01

    In April 1994, South Africa held its historic first democratic election. The African National Congress overwhelmingly triumphed and Nelson Mandela became the first president of a free and democratic South Africa. In this review, the situation of South Africa's young children under apartheid and the context of young children in South Africa in 2012…

  1. 77 FR 33597 - Great Outdoors Month, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-07

    ... Documents#0;#0; ] Proclamation 8833 of June 1, 2012 Great Outdoors Month, 2012 By the President of the..., trials, and triumphs. During Great Outdoors Month, we celebrate our long legacy of environmental... Outdoors Month is a time for all Americans to share in the natural splendor of which we are all...

  2. "The Brain within Its Groove": Language and Struggling Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Mers, Kathleen D.

    2010-01-01

    Words are the foundation of literacy. Words can express, in part, the joys, loves, triumphs, and sorrows of life. One person's thoughts, expressed through words, can powerfully influence and inspire audiences or readers and long outlive their author. But not everyone is enamored of words. For some students, words are a kind of torture. For them…

  3. Women as Leaders in Education: Succeeding Despite Inequity, Discrimination, and Other Challenges. Women and Careers in Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Jennifer L., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    This up-to-date, candid examination of women's careers in education and leadership in education describes the pitfalls, triumphs, and future promise of female leaders in education. Despite the gains women have made in higher education over the past few decades, and an increasing number of well-qualified female candidates, they are still…

  4. Eculizumab, a terminal complement inhibitor, improves anaemia in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria.

    PubMed

    Schubert, Jörg; Hillmen, Peter; Röth, Alexander; Young, Neal S; Elebute, Modupe O; Szer, Jeffrey; Gianfaldoni, Giacomo; Socié, Gérard; Browne, Paul; Geller, Robert; Rother, Russell P; Muus, Petra

    2008-06-01

    In paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH), chronic destruction of PNH red blood cells (RBCs) by complement leads to anaemia and other serious morbidities. Eculizumab inhibits terminal complement-mediated PNH RBC destruction by targeting C5. In the phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled, TRIUMPH study, eculizumab reduced haemolysis, stabilized haemoglobin levels, reduced transfusion requirements and improved fatigue in patients with PNH. Herein, we explored the effects of eculizumab on measures of anaemia in patients from the TRIUMPH study and the open-label SHEPHERD study, a more heterogeneous population. Eculizumab reduced haemolysis regardless of pretreatment transfusion requirements and regardless of whether or not patients became transfusion-dependent during treatment (P < 0.001). Reduction in haemolysis was associated with increased PNH RBC counts (P < 0.001) while reticulocyte counts remained elevated. Eculizumab-treated patients demonstrated significantly higher levels of haemoglobin as compared with placebo in TRIUMPH and relative to baseline levels in SHEPHERD (P < 0.001 for each study). Eculizumab lowered transfusion requirement across multiple pretreatment transfusion strata and eliminated transfusion support in a majority of both TRIUMPH and SHEPHERD patients (P < 0.001). Patients who required some transfusion support during treatment with eculizumab showed a reduction in haemolysis and transfusion requirements and an improvement in fatigue. Eculizumab reduces haemolysis and improves anaemia and fatigue, regardless of transfusion requirements.

  5. Vaccination Policies Fall on Schools' Shoulders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2007-01-01

    Vaccines are one of the triumphs of modern medicine, relegating many once-fearsome diseases to the history books. Denying access to school has long been the best way to ensure that children get vaccinated, but carrying out any change in immunization policy means a lot of work for school officials. This article discusses the unity of several…

  6. "The Brain within Its Groove": Language and Struggling Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Mers, Kathleen D.

    2010-01-01

    Words are the foundation of literacy. Words can express, in part, the joys, loves, triumphs, and sorrows of life. One person's thoughts, expressed through words, can powerfully influence and inspire audiences or readers and long outlive their author. But not everyone is enamored of words. For some students, words are a kind of torture. For them…

  7. A Toxicological Perspective on Disinfection ByProducts

    EPA Science Inventory

    Disinfection of water is essential for reduction of microbes harmful to human health and chemical disinfection is considered one of the major public health triumphs of the 20th Century. An unintended consequence of disinfection with oxidizing chemicals is formation of disinfectio...

  8. Into the Community and Not on the Shelf: Learning to Develop a Meaningful HIV/AIDS Curriculum for Multiple Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Tasha

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the process involved in creating a community-based training curriculum designed to build capacity and foster new knowledge in support of HIV/AIDS education. Highlighted are the challenges and triumphs incurred while working with community and academic partners to ensure the production of an adaptable curriculum designed to…

  9. Tom Friedman on Education in the "Flat World"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Administrator, 2008

    2008-01-01

    In his best-selling book, "The World Is Flat," Thomas Friedman describes that the real world is becoming "flat." He describes how 10 forces are "flattening" the 21st century--making it easier for people in India, China and around the world to compete with Americans and others who had triumphed the century before. This article presents an interview…

  10. Disinfection By-Products: Formation and Occurrence in Drinking Water

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the twentieth century. Millions of people worldwide receive quality drinking water every day from their public water systems. However, chemical disinfection has also produced an unintended he...

  11. Book Essay: Does the Public Need To Understand Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Robert L.

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the books "Science, Money, and Politics: Political Triumph and Ethical Erosion" (D. Greenberg) and "Science, Truth, and Democracy" (P. Kitcher). Discusses the role that informal science media and institutions should have in developing science literacy among students and the general public. (DLH)

  12. An Australian Science Curriculum: Competition, Advances and Retreats

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aubusson, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Science schooling enjoys high status. Scientific capability is perceived as critical in underpinning economic success in advanced societies. Science achievement, at all levels, has become a global competition in which nations want to be seen to triumph. Governments periodically pay close attention to science education with a view to ensuring it…

  13. Tom Friedman on Education in the "Flat World"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Administrator, 2008

    2008-01-01

    In his best-selling book, "The World Is Flat," Thomas Friedman describes that the real world is becoming "flat." He describes how 10 forces are "flattening" the 21st century--making it easier for people in India, China and around the world to compete with Americans and others who had triumphed the century before. This article presents an interview…

  14. Transition Brief: Policy Recommendations on Preparing Americans for the Global Skills Race

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The central economic competitiveness issue for the Obama administration is creating an aligned, 21st century public education system that prepares students,workers and citizens to triumph in the global skills race. On Jan. 20, 2009, the Obama administration will take command of the White House facing unprecedented challenges to the U.S. economy…

  15. It's a Gift: "Ray," "The Incredibles" and Lives of Greatness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2005-01-01

    The American biopic is an expression of distinctively American culture. Its story elements mirror the ideologies of mainstream America. The crucial ingredient in a biopic or a cartoon classic is the triumph of an indomitable struggler in circumstances that crush everyone else. "Ray" is an example of the biopic in its strongest and most affecting…

  16. Violence, Democracy and Education: An Analytical Framework. LCSHD Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salmi, Jamil

    How can the triumph of Western liberalism be reconciled with the pictures of chaos, war, crime, terror, and poverty which continue to appear in the daily news? Does violence coexist, in a significant fashion, with capitalism and democracy? What role does education play in this context? In addressing these questions, this paper presents a framework…

  17. What Gets a Cell Excited? Kinky Curves

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, Alan R.

    2014-01-01

    Hodgkin and Huxley's (5) revealing the origins of cellular excitability is one of the great triumphs of physiology. In an extraordinarily deft series of papers, they were able to measure the essential electrical characteristics of neurons and synthesize them into a quantitative model that accounts for the excitability of neurons and other…

  18. God's Turnstile: The Work of John Wheeler and Stephen Hawking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Overbye, Dennis

    1991-01-01

    Presents an excerpt from the book entitled "Lonely Hearts of the Cosmos." Provides narration of behind-the-scenes events in the lives, the scientific debates, and the intellectual triumphs of the two physicists responsible for inventing the concept of the black hole. (JJK)

  19. The Power of Four (the 4-Lab Study): ORD’s Integrated Disinfection By-Products Mixtures Research Project

    EPA Science Inventory

    Chemical disinfection of water, a major public health triumph of the 20th century, has resulted in dramatic decreases in morbidity and mortality from water-borne disease. The intended result of chemical disinfection of drinking water is reduction of microbial contamination; the u...

  20. What’s Wrong with the Wound Ballistics Literature, and Why

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-07-01

    ballistics shifted from sound scientific method to spectacular cinematography --a triumph of highI technology over common sense. Unfortunately, a...817. 34. Gill W, Long WB III: Shock Trauma Manual . Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1978, p 35. 35. Rybeck B: Missile wounding and hemodynamic effects

  1. Bernie's Odyssey: Denver Nuggets' General Manager Bernie Bickerstaff's Basketball Roots in Harlan County, Ky.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Glenn

    1992-01-01

    Bernie Bickerstaff discusses how growing up as an African-American athlete in rural Kentucky prepared him to become the general manager of the Denver Nuggets. Triumphing over the area's racial segregation, poverty, and mining perils gave him a sense of strength that enabled him to overcome barriers in advancing his career. (LP)

  2. Liberating the Enlightenment: How a Transformed Relationship with Animals Can Help Us Transcend Modernity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Cassandra D.

    2003-01-01

    The Enlightenment rejection of the Cartesian mechanistic understanding of animals was accompanied by a (re)new(ed) anti-cruelty sentiment. Compassion, however, fell victim to the triumph of reason leading Western culture toward an era of cruelty to animals on an unprecedented scale. What was absent in Enlightenment thought, even among proponents…

  3. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume III. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    As part of a five-volume series written at a reading level for grades five to six and as a tribute to the contributions Asian Americans have made to the United States, this volume presents biographical sketches of Asian Americans who can serve as role models for today's youth. The profiles in the series show the triumph of the human spirit. Volume…

  4. Using Autobiography as a Vehicle to Study the Cultural Foundations of Twentieth Century African-American Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilton, Louis R., III

    2004-01-01

    In using the autobiographies of African-Americans as a heuristic, educators are provided with a context to view African-American educational history. The autobiographies of African-Americans tell stories of triumph over adversity as also revealed in Melba Beals' autobiography, "Warriors Don't Cry," a recount of the struggle to integrate…

  5. Using the GRAPES OF WRATH in the History Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Randy

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that literary fiction may be used to enhance students' understanding of an historical period. Demonstrates how Steinbeck's GRAPES OF WRATH may be used to convey the human side of problems, sufferings, and triumphs that the United States experienced during the Great Depression. (JDH)

  6. Family Connections: When the Personal Parent-Professional Partnership Is in Your Own Head

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Amy E.

    2013-01-01

    As an early childhood professional, this author spent the first 17 years of her career as an advocate for children and their families. With an advanced degree in early childhood special education, she learned about the pitfalls and triumphs of special education. After leaving the classroom and entering the world of academia in teacher education,…

  7. The Best of the Literacy Beat 1988-1989. The Best of the Literacy Beat 1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Writers Association, Washington, DC.

    This document is a set of two volumes that contain prize-winning newspaper articles and summaries of radio and television shows selected as part of the Media Resource Project on Literacy. Items in the 1988-89 book include the following: "Why Daddy Can't Read" (Sally L. Gilman); "The Triumph of Jimmy Sanchez" (Sandra Macias); "Illiteracy:…

  8. The Social-Ecological Ideal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaidamak, A.; Tiittanen, T.

    1992-01-01

    Argues that it is essential for preschool education to explore environmental and ecological values. Discusses cognitive development of socio-ecological knowledge at three age levels. Asserts that folk tales provide good examples of ecological values because beauty usually triumphs over ugliness and good over evil. (CFR)

  9. The Valley Forge Encampment: Epic on the Schuylkill.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trussell, John B. B., Jr.

    Valley Forge, outside Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), has long been recognized as the site of a great victory of the human spirit. Eleven thousand men including Blacks and Indians resided there during the winter of 1777-78 and triumphed over cold, starvation, nakedness, disease, and uncertainty. The encampment site was unprepared for the tattered,…

  10. Liberation Therapeutics: Consciousness Raising as a Problem.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lasch-Quinn, Elisabeth

    2002-01-01

    Questions the content and form of consciousness raising as a mode of purveying knowledge or bringing about change by considering its emergence in the civil rights movement. Examines such books as "Black Rage" (William Grierand Price Cobbs), "Triumph of the Therapeutic" (Philip Reiff), "Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or…

  11. The Valley Forge Encampment: Epic on the Schuylkill.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trussell, John B. B., Jr.

    Valley Forge, outside Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), has long been recognized as the site of a great victory of the human spirit. Eleven thousand men including Blacks and Indians resided there during the winter of 1777-78 and triumphed over cold, starvation, nakedness, disease, and uncertainty. The encampment site was unprepared for the tattered,…

  12. Disinfection By-Products and Drinking Water Treatment

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the 20th century. Before its widespread use, millions of people died from waterborne diseases. Now, people in developed nations receive quality drinking water every day from their public wa...

  13. Understanding Propaganda: The Epistemic Merit Model and its Application to Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Sheryl Tuttle

    2002-01-01

    Pablo Picasso's "Guernica," Francisco de Goya's "Fifth of May," Eugene Delacroix's "Liberty Leading the People," George Orwell's "Road to Wigan Pier," Leni Riefenstahl's "Triumph of the Will," and D. W. Griffith's "Birth of a Nation," are all examples of expressly political art. Historically some art has been not only an object of aesthetic…

  14. The Courage of Their Convictions: Empowering Voices of Girls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Will, Katherine

    1994-01-01

    Reviews childhood trauma/abuse experienced by Maya Angelou and discusses how Angelou survived and triumphed over these experiences. Relates Angelou's story to moral developmental theory for women proposed by Carol Gilligan, focusing on Gilligan's metaphor of having a "voice." (NB)

  15. The Next Generation of Drinking Water Disinfection By-Products

    EPA Science Inventory

    The disinfection of drinking water has been rightly hailed as a public health triumph of the 20th century. Millions of people worldwide receive quality drinking water every day from their public water systems. However, chemical disinfection has also produced an unintended healt...

  16. Real time, TV-based, point-image quantizer and sorter

    DOEpatents

    Case, Arthur L.; Davidson, Jackson B.

    1976-01-01

    A device is provided for improving the vertical resolution in a television-based, two-dimensional readout for radiation detection systems such as are used to determine the location of light or nuclear radiation impinging a target area viewed by a television camera, where it is desired to store the data indicative of the centroid location of such images. In the example embodiment, impinging nuclear radiation detected in the form of a scintillation occurring in a crystal is stored as a charge image on a television camera tube target. The target is scanned in a raster and the image position is stored according to a corresponding vertical scan number and horizontal position number along the scan. To determine the centroid location of an image that may overlap a number of horizontal scan lines along the vertical axis of the raster, digital logic circuits are provided with at least four series-connected shift registers, each having 512 bit positions according to a selected 512 horizontal increment of resolutions along a scan line. The registers are shifted by clock pulses at a rate of 512 pulses per scan line. When an image or portion thereof is detected along a scan, its horizontal center location is determined and the present front bit is set in the first shift register and shifted through the registers one at a time for each horizontal scan. Each register is compared bit-by-bit with the preceding register to detect coincident set bit positions until the last scan line detecting a portion of the image is determined. Depending on the number of shift registers through which the first detection of the image is shifted, circuitry is provided to store the vertical center position of the event according to the number of shift registers through which the first detection of the event is shifted. Interpolation circuitry is provided to determine if the event centroid is between adjacent scan lines and stored in a vertical address accordingly. The horizontal location of the event

  17. The burn disease: a disease of great value in the cultural heritage of plastic surgery.

    PubMed

    Mazzoleni, F

    2014-06-30

    in the practice of his profession while "listening and reading" everything that has happened to him during his work as a plastic surgeon over half a century. These opinions formed bit by bit; only now am I attempting to verify and justify them, intentionally seeking the bibliographic testimony and opinions of others.

  18. The burn disease: a disease of great value in the cultural heritage of plastic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Mazzoleni, F.

    2014-01-01

    opinions” that the author has had in the practice of his profession while “listening and reading” everything that has happened to him during his work as a plastic surgeon over half a century. These opinions formed bit by bit; only now am I attempting to verify and justify them, intentionally seeking the bibliographic testimony and opinions of others. PMID:26170778

  19. The Role of Union Logistics in the Carolina Campaign of 1865

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-05-31

    vicinity of the railroad bridge over the Neuse River . Sherman addressed matters related to transportation priorities, specifically rail and wagons were...the Savannah, the swamps of the Combahee and Edisto, the high hills and rocks of the Santee, the flat quagmires of the Pedee and Cape Fear Rivers were...logistics triumph. Sherman’s movement through the Carolinas required his army to cross nine major rivers and numerous swollen streams, tributaries, and

  20. Fast Tracks to Intelligence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calvin, W. H.

    It is often assumed that the evolution of intelligence is inevitable, given the self-organizing seen in dissapative systems and the gradual shaping-up of Darwinism. While compound-interest reasoning suggests that small advantages will eventually triumph, eventually may be a very long time: there are few examples of rapid brain growth, suggesting that "smarter-is-better" is not a potent force for evolution.

  1. The Effect of a Soap Film on a Catenary: Measurement of Surface Tension from the Triangular Configuration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behroozi, F.; Behroozi, P. S.

    2011-01-01

    A chain assumes the well-known shape known as a catenary when it hangs loosely from two points in a gravitational field. The correct solution of the catenary was one of the early triumphs of the newly invented calculus of variations at the end of the 17th century. Here we revisit the catenary and show that, for a chain hanging from a horizontal…

  2. Migrating to 9.1 -- Why Not...How Hard Could It Be?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Little, Keith; Miller, Carole; Schwindt, Paul; Zimmerman, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    With 19+ Million documents in the 8.0 Vault. the decision was to migrate only selected top-level Documents, Drawings, Models and Assemblies to Kennedy Space Center's Brand-Spankin-New 9.1 Windchill system. Come with us as we detail our journey. We'll share our triumphs. tools, and approaches, as well as our challenges (and a surprise or two) discovered on the trip.

  3. Safety and Mission Assurance: A NASA Perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Higginbotham, Scott A.

    2016-01-01

    Manned spaceflight is an incredibly complex and inherently risky human endeavor. As the result of the lessons learned through years of triumph and tragedy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has embraced a comprehensive and integrated approach to the challenge of ensuring safety and mission success. This presentation will provide an overview of some of the techniques employed in this effort, with a focus on the processing operations performed at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).

  4. Russia and the Caspian Sea: Projecting Power or Competing for Influence?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    country. Ac - cording to the U.S. Energy Information Agency (EIA), around 80 percent of the country’s total natural gas reserves are found in just...commercial, considerations, but the European Union (EU) appeared determined to drive it forward. The BTC was a triumph of politics over commercial...Kazakh border guards killed a suspected Russian poacher during an anti-poaching operation in the Caspian. Ac - cording to reports, eight small

  5. Application of Inkjet-Printing Technology to Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    triumph of physics, chemistry and engineering”. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences...the ‘area function’. Assuming the area function Ac (d) can be obtained by calibration measurement from a standard sample experimentally, the contact...area A is given as: A = Ac (hc) (2.19) The hardness can be obtained from the contact area: H = Pmax A (2.20) The elastic modulus E is related to the

  6. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, World Economy & International Relations, No. 6, June 1988

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Smith, a boy from Georgia, invested his entire savings—$12,000—in stock in the summer of 1987 in the hope, having become rich, of buying a house...tunity to have our due say in defense of peace and justice on Earth. The millennial anniversary of the baptism of Rus will, we hope, be a triumph...of humble rejoicing in the boundlessness of the spiritual resources of our people and the pricelessness of the millennial treasures of national

  7. Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Braden, Antony; Contreras, Adelso

    2009-10-01

    This project will briefly tell the story of one of the 20^th century's most prominent astronomers, who through perseverance triumphed at the center of astrophysics. It also tells the story of the rough times in which Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin lived in as women then were held to much lower standards than they are today and endured unjust conditions. It also provides an analysis of the evolution of the astrophysics of stellar composition over a lengthy and prosperous career.

  8. What now, Asclepius? Lessons from Olympus.

    PubMed

    Moore, M R

    1996-10-01

    Asclepius, the Greek and Roman god of healing, is called before a council of gods on Mount Olympus to account for the shortcomings of his mortal descendants, the present day physicians. Accusations by the gods and Asclepius' defense and explanation bring the gods an understanding of human history and what physicians must become if humanity is to triumph over disease. Asclepius hopes the modern medical profession will understand also.

  9. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    media , and religious freedom ; • Tailoring assistance and training of military forces to support civilian control of the military and military...struggle, similar to what our country faced in the early years of the Cold War. The 20th century witnessed the triumph of freedom over the threats of... in democracies. The United States Government will work to advance human dignity in word and deed, speaking out for freedom

  10. KC-46 Tanker Aircraft: Program Generally Stable but Improvements in Managing Schedule Are Needed

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-27

    Electro-hydraulic servo valves, actuators , stabilize trim controls, leading edge slat actuator , inboard/outboard leading edge rotary actuators ...nacelle components to include inlet, fan cowl and core cowl; fixed fan duct; fixed leading edge Triumph Group Inc. (Berwyn, Pa.) Horizontal stabilizer ...aircraft refuel using the “hose and drogue.” The “hose and drogue” system involves a long, flexible refueling hose stabilized by a drogue (a small

  11. Back to the Future: The Role of the Founding Fathers in Shaping the New World Order

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    subconscious accumulate a junk heap of unwarranted conclusions, false generalizations, undefined contradictions, undigested slogans, unidentified wishes...Scientific Revolutions The United States is like a gifted adolescent passing from the trials and triumphs of youth to the more difficult times of young...withholding food and other supplies. This was the one doctrinaire and impractical measure of his career, and it proved a miserable failure. The Embargo

  12. Teaching To Learn: Reflections on Risk-Taking. Bill Harp Professional Teachers Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cusack, Margaret S.

    This book is a discussion of teaching as learning--rooted in the author's personal history as a teacher and learner, and offered as one story among many to help other teachers ask questions about their own practice. The book is not intended to be a manual or a step-by-step guide for use in the classroom. Instead, it emphasizes the triumphs that…

  13. The Effect of a Soap Film on a Catenary: Measurement of Surface Tension from the Triangular Configuration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behroozi, F.; Behroozi, P. S.

    2011-01-01

    A chain assumes the well-known shape known as a catenary when it hangs loosely from two points in a gravitational field. The correct solution of the catenary was one of the early triumphs of the newly invented calculus of variations at the end of the 17th century. Here we revisit the catenary and show that, for a chain hanging from a horizontal…

  14. From Seige to Surgical: The Evolution Of Urban Combat From World War II To The Present And Its Effect on Current Doctrine.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    up of thick stone structures with cellars. Throughout its history , space in Aachen was at a premium so buildings had been constructed with...Army in World War II, The War in the Pacific: Triumph in the Philippines (Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History , Department of the...Campaign (Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History , Department of the Army, 1984), 307. 2 Ibid., 307. 3 Ibid., 29. 4 Charles Whiting

  15. Development of a Metabolically Active, Non-Replicating Sporozoite Vaccine to Prevent Plasmodium falciparum Malaria

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    induce greater than 90o/o protection. All available with different transmission intensities and seasonality will assess data indicate that greater...maturity (replication deficient at the liver stages), or mature liver National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, Small Business stages that...Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health 2002. 14. Barquet N, Domingo P. Smallpox: the triumph over the most

  16. The Civil War: Black American Contributions to Union Intelligence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-01

    Arizona, on 30 June 1995. Tubman �s Triumphs Harriet Tubman , another black woman involved in intelligence col lection for the Union, is much more famous for...raiding party up the Harriet Tubman From Great Negroes Past and Present, Volume 1, by Russell L. Adams, African American Images, Chicago, Illinois...developed an interest in the Union flag-signal system, and he learned all he could about it. The intelligence Harriet Tubman and her spy organization

  17. Riffing on the universe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cox, Trevor

    2016-05-01

    Music and physics might seem like polar opposites, one having great emotional potency and the other being a cerebral subject of equations, theories and deductions. Both, however, benefit from improvisers - people who stand on the shoulders of giants, taking earlier triumphs and building on them to create something new. For me, analogies like these, which draw parallels between physicists and jazz musicians, are the most fascinating revelations in Stephon Alexander's book The Jazz of Physics.

  18. Teaching To Learn: Reflections on Risk-Taking. Bill Harp Professional Teachers Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cusack, Margaret S.

    This book is a discussion of teaching as learning--rooted in the author's personal history as a teacher and learner, and offered as one story among many to help other teachers ask questions about their own practice. The book is not intended to be a manual or a step-by-step guide for use in the classroom. Instead, it emphasizes the triumphs that…

  19. Situational Ignorance; The UN and Security Sector Development in Timor-Leste

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    regular and special forces using modern US weapons and aircraft.40 FALINTIL’s first commander, Nicolau Lobato ,41 Xanana Gusmão became the commander...line FRETILIN aligning with Minister of Interior Rogerio Lobato , while President Gusmão retained the allegiance of senior F-FDTL personnel. was...and recognized that 40 Ballard, Triumph of Self-Determination, 10. 41 Lobato is a Timorese folk hero. He was the elder brother of Rogerio Lobato

  20. The history of liposuction.

    PubMed

    Ahern, Ryan William

    2009-12-01

    This article aims to familiarize the reader with the history of liposuction. The author documents the landmark events and characters in the development of this revolutionary and widely known procedure. Included is a historical discussion of the obstacles and the triumphs the practitioners and the procedure itself has seen, as well as a review of relevant scientific data placed in its appropriate historical context up through modern day.

  1. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 82, Number 1, January-February 1939

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1939-02-01

    YOll :t ::: order, you have but ONE letter to :t+ + ~ write . If a change of address becomes :t + ~~ necessary, ONE letter does the trick. t ::: ONE...mountaineer. MURAT 1 " You bave /10 aide of tbe rank of colo- nel," tbe Gascon pronounced, and slapped bis cbest IIntil ever)’tbing jangled. "[ will...borne. Thanks be to you , soldiers! Your victories presage more splendid triumphs still. But, soldiers, you have accomplished nothing, since so much

  2. Reflections on Behavior Analysis and Evolutionary Biology: A Selective Review of Evolution Since Darwin—The First 150 Years. Edited by M. A. Bell, D. J. Futuyama, W. F. Eanes, & J. S. Levinton

    PubMed Central

    Donahoe, John W

    2012-01-01

    This review focuses on parallels between the selectionist sciences of evolutionary biology and behavior analysis. In selectionism, complex phenomena are interpreted as the cumulative products of relatively simple processes acting over time—natural selection in evolutionary biology and reinforcement in behavior analysis. Because evolutionary biology is the more mature science, an examination of the factors that led to the triumph of natural selection provides clues whereby reinforcement may achieve a similar fate in the science of behavior.

  3. Tuberculosis Drug Development: History and Evolution of the Mechanism-Based Paradigm.

    PubMed

    Chakraborty, Sumit; Rhee, Kyu Y

    2015-04-15

    Modern tuberculosis (TB) chemotherapy is widely viewed as a crowning triumph of anti-infectives research. However, only one new TB drug has entered clinical practice in the past 40 years while drug resistance threatens to further destabilize the pandemic. Here, we review a brief history of TB drug development, focusing on the evolution of mechanism(s)-of-action studies and key conceptual barriers to rational, mechanism-based drugs. Copyright © 2015 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press; all rights reserved.

  4. Sub-Saharan Africa Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-11-29

    14 Increase in National Petroleum Consumption Reported (Leke Salau; SUNDAY TRIUMPH, 20 Oct 85) . 15 Government Oil Subsidy Figures (DAILY...8217.•••> Jö Submarine for Navy Planned in Near Future (DAILY TIMES, 22 Oct 85) • • • • • Jy Briefs 40 Oil Tanker Commxssioned ^n New...general increase in May over the April level. According to current issue of the monthly "Nigerian Petroleum News," consumption of fuel oil rose from

  5. Do infants discriminate non-linguistic vocal expressions of positive emotions?

    PubMed

    Soderstrom, Melanie; Reimchen, Melissa; Sauter, Disa; Morgan, James L

    2017-02-01

    Adults are highly proficient in understanding emotional signals from both facial and vocal cues, including when communicating across cultural boundaries. However, the developmental origin of this ability is poorly understood, and in particular, little is known about the ontogeny of differentiation of signals with the same valence. The studies reported here employed a habituation paradigm to test whether preverbal infants discriminate between non-linguistic vocal expressions of relief and triumph. Infants as young as 6 months who had habituated to relief or triumph showed significant discrimination of relief and triumph tokens at test (i.e. greater recovery to the unhabituated stimulus type), when exposed to tokens from a single individual (Study 1). Infants habituated to expressions from multiple individuals showed less consistent discrimination in that consistent discrimination was only found when infants were habituated to relief tokens (Study 2). Further, infants tested with tokens from individuals from different cultures showed dishabituation only when habituated to relief tokens and only at 10-12 months (Study 3). These findings suggest that discrimination between positive emotional expressions develops early and is modulated by learning. Further, infants' categorical representations of emotional expressions, like those of speech sounds, are influenced by speaker-specific information.

  6. [How to dose correctly? An overview of debates in the United States, Great Britain and Germany (1830s to 1970s)].

    PubMed

    Mildenberger, Florian G

    2015-01-01

    The dispute over low and high potencies is no longer current in today's homeopathy, but from the 1830s to the 1960s it played a major role in scientific discourse. The devotees of high potencies claimed to be the only true Hahnemannians, while their antagonists tried to practise a scientific, modernized homeopathy. The former ultimately triumphed in Britain, the U.S. and Germany, but this happened on quite different routes in each of these countries. As well as Hahnemann, other scholars, such as Constantin Hering, James T. Kent and Karl Koetschau, played important roles in the international disputes.

  7. Blood Doping: Results and Consequences From the Laboratory and the Field.

    PubMed

    Eichner, E R

    1987-01-01

    In brief: Just as Roman gladiators drank the blood of foes to gain strength, modern Olympians have infused the blood of friends as well as their own to gain endurance. Blood doping, which tainted the triumphs of the 1984 US Olympic cyclists, has at last been banned. This literature review defines blood doping, discusses its use and rationale, and presents some of the research findings. The conclusion is that blood doping, properly performed, works in the laboratory, but there is insufficient evidence to show conclusively that it works in the field.

  8. Reed-Solomon Codes and the Exploration of the Solar System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McEliece, R. J.; Swanson, L.

    1994-01-01

    The exploration of the solar system by unmanned spacecraft is one of the triumph of the 20th century. The dramatic photographs of Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune transmitted by spacecraft with romantic names like Mariner, Voyager, Viking, etc. over distances of hundreds of millions, even billions, of miles, have made these planets, which were previously known to us only as fuzzy telescopic images in textbooks, as real to us in the 1990's as, say, the Himalayas, the Sahara Desert, or Antarctica.

  9. Yang-Mills theories at high energy accelerators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sterman, George

    2016-03-01

    I will begin with a brief review of the triumph of Yang-Mills theory at particle accelerators, a development that began some years after their historic paper. This story reached a culmination, or at least local extremum, with the discovery at the Large Hadron Collider of a Higgs-like scalar boson in 2012. The talk then proceeds to a slightly more technical level, discussing how we derive predictions from the gauge field theories of the Standard Model and its extensions for use at high energy accelerators.

  10. Hubble Space Telescope - Scientific, Technological and Social Contributions to the Public Discourse on Science

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wiseman, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    The Hubble Space Telescope has unified the world with a sense of awe and wonder for 2 I years and is currently more scientifically powerful than ever. I will present highlights of discoveries made with the Hubble Space Telescope, including details of planetary weather, star formation, extra-solar planets, colliding galaxies, and a universe expanding with the acceleration of dark energy. I will also present the unique technical challenges and triumphs of this phenomenal observatory, and discuss how our discoveries in the cosmos affect our sense of human unity, significance, and wonder.

  11. Strategic Forum. Number 287, May 2014. Strategy and Force Planning in a Time of Austerity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    technology and ac - quisition and trades size for high-end capability: ◆◆ The Army would be reduced from the 490,000 currently planned to between 380,000...and 450,000 Ac - tive-duty Soldiers for the future force. ◆◆ The Navy would be reduced from 11 carriers to 8 or 9 carriers. ◆◆ The Marine Corps would be...Greenspan Commission and the Social Security Reforms of 1983,” in Triumphs and Tragedies of the Modern Presidency: Seventy-Six Case Studies in

  12. Strategic Forum. Number 285, January 2014. The Flawed Strategic Debate on Syria

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    in Nicaragua in 1979 before the triumph of the Sandinistas became a foregone conclu- sion. Ignoring warnings from Venezuelan President Car- los...substantive U.S. ac - tion against Asad may agitate Russia, but the likely result of that will be pressure from Russia on Asad to cut a deal, not for Russia to...prolonga- tion of the slow-rolling disaster in Syria. A reasoned and well-informed debate should lead either to forceful ac - tion against Asad and his

  13. Islam: Ideology and Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    new paradigm for rule on the Caliphs. The triumph of the Abbasids moved the center of gravity of the new empire to the east. The Abbasids lost ...is often lost when discussions focus on terrorism and Islamic radicalism. The concept of tawhid, whether it is the oneness of God or of the...enslave; and that every mussulman who was slain in this warfare was sure to go to paradise . Of course, the envoy was willing to forgo the “right and the

  14. S. M. Tanatar and His Contribution to the Field of Thermal Rearrangements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birladeanu, Ludmila

    1998-05-01

    Thermal rearrangements constitute an important chapter in organic chemistry. Surprisingly, the name of its discoverer remains unknown. The present article is meant to remedy this situation by describing some of the work of the 19th century Russian chemist S. M. Tanatar (1849 - 1917) who, based on the thermochemical data provided by Berthelot, envisaged the possibility of transforming cyclopropane into propene under the influence of heat alone. At the time this was a very bold assumption, not shared by anyone in the chemical community. Tanatar's experimental results confirming his hypothesis were immediately challenged; but he found the courage to persevere and finally triumphed against tremendous odds.

  15. The second Jurassic dinosaur rush and the dawn of dinomania.

    PubMed

    Brinkman, Paul D

    2010-09-01

    During the second Jurassic dinosaur rush museum paleontologists raced to display the world's first mounted sauropod dinosaur. The American Museum of Natural History triumphed in 1905 when its Brontosaurus debuted before an admiring crowd of wealthy New Yorkers. The Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, the Field Columbian Museum in Chicago and other institutions were quick to follow with their own sauropod displays. Thereafter, dinomania spread far and wide, and big, showpiece dinosaurs became a museum staple. This brief but intensely competitive period of acquisitiveness fostered important Jurassic dinosaur revisions and crucial innovations in paleontological field and lab techniques.

  16. [Hatred and change of love into hatred from the psychiatric nosological aspect (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Dietrich, H

    1976-09-10

    Pathological hatred affects belong to the paranoic reactions, paranoic developments and paranoid psychoses. The normal hatred affect helps as a means to the end of removing the object of hatred. The passion of hatred is an affect swinging between a feeling of triumph and a feeling of impotence and the cardinal symptom of a paranoic neurotic development. Hatred becomes monomania when the affect degenerates maniacally (e. g. queruousness) or perversely (e. g. misogyny). In catathymic mania, hatred is projected on to the "pursuer". The metamorphosis of love into hatred is historically and dynamically behind all normal and pathological manifestations of hatred.

  17. ORAL ISSUE OF THE JOURNAL "USPEKHI FIZICHESKIKH NAUK": Sixty years of broken symmetries in quantum physics (from the Bogoliubov theory of superfluidity to the Standard Model)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shirkov, Dmitrii V.

    2009-06-01

    This is a retrospective historical review of the ideas that led to the concept of the spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB), the issue that has been implemented in quantum field theory in the form of the Higgs mechanism. The key stages covered include: the Bogoliubov microscopic theory of superfluidity (1946); the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-Bogoliubov microscopic theory of superconductivity (1957); superconductivity as superfluidity of Cooper pairs (Bogoliubov, 1958); the extension of the SSB concept to simple quantum field models (early 1960s); triumph of the Higgs model in electroweak theory (early 1980s). The role and status of the Higgs mechanism in the current Standard Model are discussed.

  18. Supply of medicines: paternalism, autonomy and reality.

    PubMed

    Prayle, D; Brazier, M

    1998-04-01

    Radical changes are taking place in the United Kingdom in relation to the classification of, and access to, medicines. More and more medicines are being made available over the counter both in local pharmacies and in supermarkets. The provision of more open access to medicines may be hailed as a triumph for patient autonomy. This paper examines whether such a claim is real or illusory. It explores the ethical and legal implications of deregulating medicines. Do patients benefit? What is the impact on pharmacists? Are the true beneficiaries of change largely the pharmaceutical industries?

  19. Forensic psychiatry and the birth of the criminal insane asylum in modern Italy.

    PubMed

    Gibson, Mary

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the creation of the criminal insane asylum in Italy between unification in 1861 and World War I. The establishment of criminal insane asylums was a triumph of the positivist criminology of Cesare Lombroso, who advocated for an institution to intern insane criminals in his classic work, Criminal Man (1876). As a context for the analysis of the birth of the criminal insane asylum in Italy, this essay also outlines the history of the insanity plea in Italian criminal law and the young discipline of psychiatry during the fifty years after Italian unification. © 2013.

  20. Supply of medicines: paternalism, autonomy and reality.

    PubMed Central

    Prayle, D; Brazier, M

    1998-01-01

    Radical changes are taking place in the United Kingdom in relation to the classification of, and access to, medicines. More and more medicines are being made available over the counter both in local pharmacies and in supermarkets. The provision of more open access to medicines may be hailed as a triumph for patient autonomy. This paper examines whether such a claim is real or illusory. It explores the ethical and legal implications of deregulating medicines. Do patients benefit? What is the impact on pharmacists? Are the true beneficiaries of change largely the pharmaceutical industries? PMID:9602995

  1. Mathematical universality and direct applicability of evolutionary games. Comment on "Universal scaling for the dilemma strength in evolutionary games", by Z. Wang et al.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arranz, Jordi; Traulsen, Arne

    2015-09-01

    The application of classical game theory to biological sciences allowed researchers to successfully approach problems in theoretical and evolutionary biology in a novel manner [1]. Among those, the evolution of cooperation is the most popular application of evolutionary game theory. The evolution of cooperation is traditionally modeled through games, in particular social dilemmas. These depict situations, in which the interest of an individual is in conflict with the interest of the group, thus games offer an ideal ground to study how cooperation can emerge in the face of natural selection, where individual advantage triumphs over group benefits.

  2. Outing the costs of civil deference to the military.

    PubMed

    Hillman, Elizabeth L

    2013-01-01

    Placing the costs and process of repeal into the framework of U.S. civil governance and military power reveals the faltering state of civilian control over, and understanding of, contemporary military institutions. The excessive delays, repetitive studies, and lack of judicial oversight that characterized the process of repeal expose a military unmoored from the constitutional and democratic constraints of civilian control. The end of Don't Ask, Don't Tell is more than a civil rights triumph. It is also a lesson in the steep costs and troubling consequences of excessive civilian deference to the armed forces.

  3. West Europe Report No. 2157.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-13

    34with the exception of one fellow and a girl who acted as leaders." So there is not really any feeling of triumph at the Quai d’Orsay, where they...built-in contradictions both in ends and means. If oil prices continue to fall back to a more normal level, say $20-25 a barrel, it will be difficult...to a "deliberate policy for reducing consumption and purchasing power." Bornard feels that maintaining purchasing power is justified as long as the

  4. West Europe Report No. 2157

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-13

    exception of one fellow and a girl who acted as leaders." So there is not really any feeling of triumph at the Quai d’Orsay, where they are aware of...contradictions both in ends and means. If oil prices continue to fall back to a more normal level, say $20-25 a barrel, it will be difficult and debatable to...policy for reducing consumption and purchasing power." Bornard feels that maintaining purchasing power is justified as long as the gross domes- tic

  5. Further thoughts on agrarian capitalism: a reply to Albritton.

    PubMed

    Zmolek, M

    2001-01-01

    In response to Albritton [2000], who asserts that the central dynamic of capitalism's genesis was putting-out manufacturing, I provide a sketch of the processes of agrarian capitalism. The elaboration of the common law in the Middle Ages enabled widespread conversion to leaseholds after the plague. An increasingly privatized system of land ownership resulted from the enclosure movement in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and the upheavals of the seventeenth century represented the triumph of the enclosers. The rise of cottage industry in the eighteenth century was supported by a systematic effort at improving agricultural productivity. By the Industrial Revolution, the principle of individual control over production had long been established.

  6. Community College's CAN do Research A Decade of Eclipse Expeditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saken, Jon M.

    2006-12-01

    Gale force winds, ravenous Tsetse flies and duct-tape equipment repairs. Now that's science! This talk will describe the triumphs and disasters over almost a decade of world-wide astronomical expeditions involving community college students, faculty and K-12 teachers chasing one of nature's most spectacular shows a total solar eclipse. The impact of this kind of field science on the participants and the wider community, along with other lessons learned along the way, will also be discussed, as we present ideas to encourage others to join in the fun.

  7. Experimental Semiconductor Physics: The Will to Contribute to the Country’s Economic Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vigil Santos, Elena

    During the second half of the 1960s the Physics School staff increased sharply. Before this, it had experienced near depletion due to the emigration of many of its members shortly after the triumph of the Revolution. This renaissance took place thanks to the incorporation of the first physicists to graduate from the Physics School itself, and to the return of those who had graduated abroad, mainly from the former Soviet Union. This group of young physicists—with a heavy schedule of teaching duties in spite of their lack of experience—gave strong support to the development of physics in Cuba.

  8. [The idea of a healthy city and the advertising of Malaga].

    PubMed

    Castellanos, J

    1998-01-01

    Malaga was advertised as a therapeutic place for tuberculosis since the central years of the 19th century. However, this offering of Malaga as a health resort was opposed by certain foreign authors, who pointed to its exceedingly poor sanitary conditions and its high mortality rates. The need for urban hygiene became stronger due to the social variety of the urban structure and the economic turn-of-the-century failure, and helped to the triumph of the idea of social regeneration through the implementation of sanitation.

  9. Environmental hazards and public health: lessons for the practice of medicine and for public policy

    SciTech Connect

    Wedeen, R.P.; Sheehan, H.E. )

    1992-01-01

    The separation of occupational and environmental disease from the mainstream of medical practice has deep roots in the culture of the profession. Medical practice centered on individual patient care as nineteenth-century science yielded the therapeutic triumphs of the twentieth century. Social issues seemed remote to medical practitioners as the rewards of scientifically based therapies upstaged the unglamorous aspects of preventive medicine. Public health was left to politicians and bureaucrats. Victorian ambivalence toward the less successful members of society reinforced the isolation of medicine from public policy. As a consequence, physicians are largely ignored in contemporary debates about environmental hazards, to the detriment of both society and the profession.

  10. Linguistic analysis of verbal and non-verbal communication in the operating room.

    PubMed

    Moore, Alison; Butt, David; Ellis-Clarke, Jodie; Cartmill, John

    2010-12-01

    Surgery can be a triumph of co-operation, the procedure evolving as a result of joint action between multiple participants. The communication that mediates the joint action of surgery is conveyed by verbal but particularly by non-verbal signals. Competing priorities superimposed by surgical learning must also be negotiated within this context and this paper draws on techniques of systemic functional linguistics to observe and analyse the flow of information during such a phase of surgery. © 2010 The Authors. ANZ Journal of Surgery © 2010 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  11. Robinson Crusoe: the fate of the British Ulysses.

    PubMed

    Pimentel, Juan

    2010-03-01

    If travel has been one of the leitmotifs of Western imagination, Robinson Crusoe has certainly been one of its foremost incarnations. This British Ulysses foretold the global village, but also its problems. He predicted the end of distance, but also the triumph of isolation and anaesthetized loneliness. This paper provides an overview of the connections between Defoe's narrative and the new science and explores two versions of the story by two contemporary writers, Julio Cortazar and John Maxwell Coetzee. 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Harbin consensus conference and quality of infertility trials: reflections of a scientist on the Italian experience

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    During the days August 22–24, 2013 has been held in Harbin (China) an International Consensus Conference aimed to improve the quality and the reporting of the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in infertility and subfertility field. I, as Italian scientist with experience in clinical infertility trials, was invited to have a speech on the Italian experience in RCTs, with particular regard for the surgical trials. Considerations on this subject were particularly interesting to highlight pitfalls and triumphs of research in Italy. PMID:24257071

  13. Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Development of the Olefin Metathesis Method in Organic Synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casey, Charles P.

    2006-02-01

    The 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Yves Chauvin of the Institut Français du Pétrole, Robert H. Grubbs of CalTech, and Richard R. Schrock of MIT "for development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis". The discoveries of the laureates provided a chemical reaction now used daily in the chemical industry for the efficient and more environmentally friendly production of important pharmaceuticals, fuels, synthetic fibers, and many other products. This article tells the story of how olefin metathesis became a truly useful synthetic transformation and a triumph for mechanistic chemistry, and illustrates the importance of fundamental research. See JCE Featured Molecules .

  14. How sex became gender.

    PubMed

    Nye, Robert A

    2010-01-01

    This article argues that "sex" which had been commonly assumed in the West to refer to a permanent set of biological and behavioural traits particular to men and women, is gradually being replaced in general usage by "gender." Though feminist theorists attempted to attach a constructivist meaning to gender, a generation of developmental theorists, clinicians and analysts has imbued the term with the determinism and biological qualities formerly ascribed to "sex." The triumph of this materialist conception of gender is not assured, but it threatens our ability to think about gender identity as a historically-constructed category.

  15. Megatrends for the information age.

    PubMed Central

    Aburdene, P

    1994-01-01

    The 1990s are a decade characterized by change. Technological advances and health care reform are changing the demand for and provision of biomedical information, while political, economic, and social change are transforming the larger environment. There are four important megatrends shaping the global future: the new world order, the renaissance of the arts, the triumph of the individual, and the decade of women in leadership. Preparing to take advantage of the opportunities created by these changes is essential for organizations to survive and for individuals to become leaders. PMID:8136755

  16. Fractals and the birth of Gothic: reflections on the biologic basis of creativity.

    PubMed

    Goldberger, A L

    1996-05-01

    The birth of Gothic, one of the great triumphs of human spiritual and artistic expression, would appear to be a topic remote from the enterprise of contemporary neurobiology. The intent of this brief essay is to explore the possibility that this singular architectural movement may have important implications for understanding the nonlinear dynamics of the brain. We explore the hypothesis that the Gothic cathedral, with its porous, scale-free structures, may represent an externalization of the fractal properties of our physiology in general, and of our neural architectures and neuro-dynamics, in particular.

  17. Ground deformation cycles participating with sub-Plinian, Vulcanian eruptions, and a magma effusive stage at Kirishima volcanoes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takeo, M.; Maehara, Y.; Ohminato, T.; Ichihara, M.; Oikawa, J.

    2012-12-01

    /or deflation steps associated with a volcanic glow or a phreatomagmatic eruption which occurred before the Vulcanian eruption. The time sequences of preceding inflations were progressively complicated through the frequent Vulcanian eruptions, and finally, deflation steps participating with a volcanic glow and a phreatomagmatic eruption were appeared during the preceding inflation periods of two Vulcanian eruptions on 7 February 2011. The progressive change of time sequences suggests that strength heterogeneity of filled magma had been gotten larger bit by bit through the repeating Vulcanian eruptions. In spite of the complicated time sequences of preceding inflations, we reveal the clear linearity with the constant gradient of 0.45 between the logarithm of preceding durations versus the elapsed time counting on the date time scale form the reference date of each sub-stage. These observations are consistently interpreted based on the concepts that a Vulcanian eruption is induced by a sudden fracturing of strongest magma frame due to overpressure caused by magma degassing, and amount of degassing from magma decline exponentially with progress of time.

  18. Writers, Athletes and Engineers Learn by Doing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narayanan, M.

    2009-12-01

    provided evidence-based reasoning and critical thinking. 6. He/She has suggested a time-line for completing the assignment. 7. The person has completed the required process in the alloted time-line. In this presentation the author stresses the importance of writing assignments in engineering disciplines. References: Barr, R. B., & Tagg, J. (1995, November/December). From teaching to learning: A new paradigm for undergraduate education. Change: The Magazine of Higher Education, 13-24. Cox, M. D., Grasha, A., & Richlin, L. (1997, March). Town meeting. Between teaching model and learning model: Adapting and adopting bit by bit. Paper presented at the ninth annual Lilly Conference on College and University Teaching - West, Lake Arrowhead, CA. Narayanan, Mysore (2009). Assessment Based on the principles of Theodore Marchese. ASEE 116th Annual Conference and Exposition, Austin, TX. June 14-17, 2009. Paper # AC 2009-1532. Saxe, S. (1990, June). Peer influence and learning. Training and Development Journal, 42 (6), 50-53. Senge, P. M. (1990). The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization. New York: Currency Doubleday.

  19. Importance of Technical Writing in Engineering Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narayanan, M.

    2010-12-01

    ., Grasha, A., & Richlin, L. (1997, March). Town meeting. Between teaching model and learning model: Adapting and adopting bit by bit. Paper presented at the ninth annual Lilly Conference on College and University Teaching - West, Lake Arrowhead, CA. Narayanan, Mysore (2009). Assessment Based on the principles of Theodore Marchese. ASEE 116th Annual Conference and Exposition, Austin, TX. June 14-17, 2009. Paper # AC 2009-1532. Saxe, S. (1990, June). Peer influence and learning. Training and Development Journal, 42 (6), 50-53. Senge, P. M. (1990). The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization. New York: Currency Doubleday. Sims, R. R. (1992, Fall). Developing the learning climate in public sector training programs. Public Personnel Management, 21 (3), 335-346. Kosakowski, John, (1998). The Benefits of Information Technology. ERIC Digests; Technology Integration; Technology Role, ED0-IR-98-04 Chaika, Gloria (2000), Encourage Student Writing: Published on the Web, Education World http://www.education-world.com/a_tech/tech042.shtml

  20. Radiation from an accelerating neutral body: The case of rotation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yarman, Tolga; Arik, Metin; Kholmetskii, Alexander L.

    2013-11-01

    When an object is bound at rest to an attractional field, its rest mass (owing to the law of energy conservation, including the mass and energy equivalence of the Special Theory of Relativity) must decrease. The mass deficiency coming into play indicates a corresponding rest energy discharge. Thus, bringing an object to a rotational motion means that the energy transferred for this purpose serves to extract just as much rest mass (or similarly "rest energy", were the speed of light in empty space taken to be unity) out of it. Here, it is shown that during angular acceleration, photons of fundamental energy are emitted, while the object is kept on being delivered to a more and more intense rotational accelerational field, being the instantaneous angular velocity of the rotating object. This fundamental energy, as seen, does not depend on anything else (such as the mass or charge of the object), and it is in harmony with Bohr's Principle of Correspondence. This means at the same time, that emission will be achieved, as long as the angular velocity keeps on increasing, and will cease right after the object reaches a stationary rotational motion (a constant centrifugal acceleration), but if the object were brought to rotation in vacuum with no friction. By the same token, one can affirm that even the rotation at a macroscopic level is quantized, and can only take on "given angular velocities" (which can only be increased, bit by bit). The rate of emission of photons of concern is, on the other hand, proportional to the angular acceleration of the object, similarly to the derivative of the tangential acceleration with respect to time. It is thus constant for a "constant angular acceleration", although the energy of the emitted photons will increase with increasing , until the rotation reaches a stationary level, after which we expect no emission --let us stress-- if the object is in rotation in vacuum, along with no whatsoever friction (such as the case of a rotating