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Sample records for radford virginia volume

  1. 40 CFR 81.347 - Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Lexington X City of Radford X City of Roanoke X City of Salem X City of Staunton X City of Waynesboro X City... X City of Salem X City of Staunton X City of Waynesboro X City of Winchester X Central Virginia... County Radford Roanoke Roanoke County Rockbridge County Rockingham County Salem Shenandoah...

  2. Geophysical Investigation at Hazardous Waste Management Site 16 Radford Army Ammunition Plant Radford, Virginia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    mission of the contractor operated RAAP is to manufacture a variety of propellants and explosives as directed by the US Army. As a result of these...and valleys. The Valley and Ridge province is comprised of complexly folded and thrust faulted sedimentary rocks ranging in age from Cambrian through...refraction method, energy is imparted into the ground usually by means of explosives or by striking a metal plate on the ground with a sledgehammer to

  3. Obituary: Harrison Edward Radford, 1927-2000

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moran, James Michael; Kirby, Kate Page; Chance, Kelly V.; Brown, Campbell

    2003-12-01

    Harrison Edward ``Harry" Radford, a noted laboratory spectroscopist and pioneer in the application of magnetic resonance techniques to spectroscopy, died on 5 May 2000, after a long battle with amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS). During a 37-year career at the National Bureau of Standards and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Harry measured the frequencies of numerous molecular transitions which aided the emerging field of astrochemistry. Harry was both an excellent theoretician and a preeminently skilled experimentalist. He has several major spectroscopic achievements to his credit. He performed the first study of a short-lived molecular free radical, OH, by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, opening up a huge and important field of research. Together with colleagues he made the first observation of the rotational spectrum of CH by far infrared laser magnetic resonance spectroscopy and extended the technique to other molecules such as CH3O. Harry was born in Peterborough, New Hampshire, on 26 July 1927. He was the son of Harrison Edwin Radford, a roofer, and Dorothy (née Cole) Radford. He dropped out of high school to join the Navy in 1944 as an electronics technician's mate. After his discharge in 1946 he worked in the family construction business for four years as a roofer. In 1950 he entered the University of New Hampshire and graduated four years later, Summa Cum Laude, with a degree in physics. As a graduate student at Yale from 1954 to 1959 he wrote his PhD thesis under the supervision of V.W. Hughes on the microwave Zeeman spectra of oxygen and fluorine where he used the technique of paramagnetic resonance absorption in atomic vapors. In 1954 he married Mildred Spofford. They had three daughters, Susan (born in 1955), Amy (1957), and Sarah (1960). In 1974 he married Alfa Goldthwaithe Morrison, who survived him. From 1959 until 1969 Harry worked at the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology

  4. 40 CFR 81.347 - Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Wythe County X City of Bristol X City of Galax X City of Norton X Valley of Virginia Intrastate AQCR... City of Buena Vista X City of Clifton Forge X City of Covington X City of Harrisonburg X City of Lexington X City of Radford X City of Roanoke X City of Salem X City of Staunton X City of Waynesboro X......

  5. Investigation into the Use of Suppressive Shielding at Radford Army Ammunition Plant TNT Lines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-10-01

    SHIELDING AT RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT TNT LINES by Bruce W. Jezek Manufacturing Technology Directorate October 1975 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY...Headquarters, Edgewood Arsenal Aberdeen Proving Ground , Maryland 21010 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited Disclaimer The...CATALOO NUMBER 4. TITLE fand Subtltta) INVESTIGATION INTO THE USE OF SUPPRESSIVE SHIELDING AT RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT TNT LTNE5 S. TYPE OF

  6. Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-eight. Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

    1981-01-01

    A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Virginia governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

  7. Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifty. West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

    1981-01-01

    A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of West Virginia governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

  8. Philological Papers: Special Issue Devoted to the Teacher in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature and Film. Volume 36. Papers Presented at the West Virginia University's Annual Colloquium (13th, Morgantown, West Virginia, September 29-October 1, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Armand E., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This volume contains papers read at West Virginia University's Colloquium on "The Teacher in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature and Film" including the following 12 articles listed with their authors: "A Second Pair of Eyes: The Editor as Teacher" (Hart L. Wegner); "Don Juan Goes to the Movies" (Armand E.…

  9. The 1979 Southeastern Virginia Urban Plume Study. Volume 1: Description of experiments and selected aircraft data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregory, G. L.; Lee, R. B., III; Mathis, J. J., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    The Southeastern Virginia Urban Plume Study (SEV-UPS) utilizes remote sensors and satellite platforms to monitor the Earth's environment and resources. SEV-UPS focuses on the application of specific remote sensors to the monitoring and study of specific air quality problems. The 1979 SEV-UPS field program was conducted with specific objectives: (1) to provide correlative data to evaluate the Laser Absorption spectrometer ozone remote sensors; (2) to demonstrate the utility of the sensor for the study of urban ozone problems; (3) to provide additional insights into air quality phenomena occuring in Southeastern Virginia; and (4) to compare measurement results of various in situ measurement platforms. The field program included monitoring from 12 surface stations, 4 aircraft, 2 tethered balloons, 2 radiosonde release sites, and numerous surface meteorological observation sites. The aircraft monitored 03, NO, NOX, Bscat, temperature, and dewpoint temperature.

  10. Forest Tree Growth as a Bioindicator of Pollution Abatement Systems at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-14

    U-0Al C 0LIGNAPLTCGICIS P TT IY BLCSUG-EC FS1/ FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYS--ETC(I 𔃾- oa2 JAN 62 J M SKELLY. L W...947! FOREST TREE GROWTH AS A BIOINDICATOR OF POLLUTION ABATEMENT SYSTEMS AT THE RADFORD ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT Accession For FINAL REPORT Dr. John M...test potential bioindicator systems. x The study objectives of this research were: i’l) To determine if the pollution levels alone were responsible

  11. Radford's biproducts and Yetter-Drinfeld modules for monoidal Hom-Hopf algebras

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Ling; Shen, Bingliang

    2014-03-15

    Let (H, α) be a monoidal Hom-bialgebra and (B, β) be a left (H, α)-Hom-module algebra and also a left (H, α)-Hom-comodule coalgebra. Then in this paper, we first introduce the notion of a Hom-smash coproduct, which is a monoidal Hom-coalgebra. Second, we find sufficient and necessary conditions for the Hom-smash product algebra structure and the Hom-smash coproduct coalgebra structure on B ⊗ H to afford B ⊗ H a monoidal Hom-bialgebra structure, generalizing the well-known Radford's biproduct, where the conditions are equivalent to that (B, β) is a bialgebra in the category of Hom-Yetter-Drinfeld modules H/H HYD. Finally, we illustrate the category of Hom-Yetter-Drinfeld modules H/H HYD and prove that the category H/H HYD is a braided monoidal category.

  12. Virginia's Waters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sevebeck, Kathryn P.; And Others

    This booklet describes the water resources in Virginia. Main sections included are: (1) "Introduction" (providing a general overview of the richness and diversity of Virginia's water resources both economic and recreational); (2) "River Basins" (illustrating the area drained by nine rivers and their tributaries); (3)…

  13. CARETS: A prototype regional environmental information system. Volume 7: Land use information and air quality planning. [Norfolk and Portsmouth, Virginia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alexander, R. H. (Principal Investigator); Reed, W. E.; Lewis, J. E.

    1975-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. The pilot air quality system provided data for updating information on the sources of point and area emissions of SO2 and particulate matter affecting the Norfolk-Portsmouth area of Virginia for 1971-72 winter and the annual 1972 period. During the 1971-72 winter, estimated SO2 amounts over an area with a SW-NE axis in the central section of Norfolk exceeded both primary and secondary levels.

  14. 40 CFR 81.347 - Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Lexington X City of Radford X City of Roanoke X City of Salem X City of Staunton X City of Waynesboro X City... Harrisonburg X City of Lexington X City of Radford X City of Roanoke X City of Salem X City of Staunton X City... County Salem Shenandoah County Staunton Warren County Waynesboro Winchester 1 This date is November...

  15. 40 CFR 81.347 - Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Lexington X City of Radford X City of Roanoke X City of Salem X City of Staunton X City of Waynesboro X City... Harrisonburg X City of Lexington X City of Radford X City of Roanoke X City of Salem X City of Staunton X City... County Salem Shenandoah County Staunton Warren County Waynesboro Winchester 1 This date is November...

  16. Application of remotely sensed land-use information to improve estimates of streamflow characteristics, volume 8. [Maryland, Virginia, and Delaware

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pluhowski, E. J. (Principal Investigator)

    1977-01-01

    The author has identified the following significant results. Land use data derived from high altitude photography and satellite imagery were studied for 49 basins in Delaware, and eastern Maryland and Virginia. Applying multiple regression techniques to a network of gaging stations monitoring runoff from 39 of the basins, demonstrated that land use data from high altitude photography provided an effective means of significantly improving estimates of stream flow. Forty stream flow characteristic equations for incorporating remotely sensed land use information, were compared with a control set of equations using map derived land cover. Significant improvement was detected in six equations where level 1 data was added and in five equations where level 2 information was utilized. Only four equations were improved significantly using land use data derived from LANDSAT imagery. Significant losses in accuracy due to the use of remotely sensed land use information were detected only in estimates of flood peaks. Losses in accuracy for flood peaks were probably due to land cover changes associated with temporal differences among the primary land use data sources.

  17. Learning from Experience, Volume 2: Lessons from the U.S. Navy’s Ohio, Seawolf, and Virginia Submarine Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    ballistic missile FY fiscal year Learning from Experience, Volume II GAO Government Accountability Office GFE government-furnished equipment GFI... pedo payload at 50 to allow the submarine to remain in a forward combat area without resupply for an extended period of time. These aggressive

  18. Antidote: Civic Responsibility. Virginia Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phi Alpha Delta Law Fraternity International, Washington, DC.

    Designed for middle school through high school students, this unit contains eight lesson plans that focus on Virginia state law. The state lessons correspond to lessons in the volume, "Antidote: Civic Responsibility. Drug Avoidance Lessons for Middle School & High School Students." Developed to be presented by educators, law student,…

  19. Volcanoes in Virginia!

    ScienceCinema

    Johnson, Elizabeth Baedke [James Madison University

    2016-07-12

    The recent earthquake may have you wondering what other surprises Virginia's geology may hold. Could there be a volcanic eruption in Virginia? Probably not today, but during the Eocene, about 35-48 million years ago, a number of mysterious eruptions occurred in western Virginia. This talk investigates the possible origins of these eruptions, and what they can tell us about the crust and mantle underneath Virginia.

  20. Volcanoes in Virginia!

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, Elizabeth Baedke

    2012-01-24

    The recent earthquake may have you wondering what other surprises Virginia's geology may hold. Could there be a volcanic eruption in Virginia? Probably not today, but during the Eocene, about 35-48 million years ago, a number of mysterious eruptions occurred in western Virginia. This talk investigates the possible origins of these eruptions, and what they can tell us about the crust and mantle underneath Virginia.

  1. Reconstructing School Renovation: A Study of the Renovation of Johnson-Williams Middle School, Berryville, Virginia. Building Blocks to Better Learning Series, Volume Six.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuttle, James B., II

    This document provides a case study of the renovation of Johnson-Williams Middle School in Clarke County, Virginia. Chapter 1, "Planning and Designing a School Renovation," describes considerations for measuring the quality of a school renovation project, including its value to users and its imapct on learning. It summarizes the research…

  2. VCCA Journal: Journal of the Virginia Community Colleges Association; Volume 4, Numbers 1 and 2, Spring/Summer 1989 and Fall/Winter 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurst, Darrell, Ed.; Jobin, Robert, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    The first issue of this semi-annual journal features presentations and papers from the sixth Annual Virginia Community Colleges Association Convention held November 17-18, 1988, including the following: "Community College Mission: An Ideology Out of Balance," by Darrel Clowes and Bernard H. Levin; "The Bottom of the Blind Man's…

  3. Virginia: The Old Dominion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirschenmann, Jean

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author features Virginia, a state of contrasts--from the suburbs of Washington, District of Columbia, in northern Virginia to the Great Dismal Swamp in the south and from the scenic mountaintops in the west to the beachside resorts along its eastern shore. Virginia became a state in 1788, the tenth state to join the Union.…

  4. Nursing in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Council of Higher Education, Richmond.

    Prefacing its comments with an explanatory note concerning the reason for its organization, purpose, and procedure, the Committee utilizes half its report statistically documenting various factors in nursing practice and nursing education in Virginia. The statistics are based on a study, "Nursing and Health Care in Virginia", by Thomas…

  5. Virginia Woolf's "The Legacy."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavine, Ann

    1986-01-01

    Shows how the character Gilbert Clandon from Virginia Woolf's "The Legacy" illustrates one of Woolf's underlying beliefs about fiction--that it should not present reality as absolute and neatly packageable, but rather as subjectively experienced by individuals. (EL)

  6. 40 CFR 81.347 - Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... County X Frederick County X Giles County X Highland County X Montgomery County X Page County X Pulaski... County X Craig County X Floyd County X Frederick County X Giles County X Highland County X Montgomery... Montgomery County Page County Pulaski County Radford Roanoke Roanoke County Rockbridge County...

  7. 40 CFR 81.146 - Valley of Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of..., Harrisonburg, Lexington, Radford, Roanoke, Salem, Staunton, Waynesboro, Winchester....

  8. 40 CFR 81.146 - Valley of Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of..., Harrisonburg, Lexington, Radford, Roanoke, Salem, Staunton, Waynesboro, Winchester....

  9. 40 CFR 81.146 - Valley of Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of..., Harrisonburg, Lexington, Radford, Roanoke, Salem, Staunton, Waynesboro, Winchester....

  10. 40 CFR 81.146 - Valley of Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of..., Harrisonburg, Lexington, Radford, Roanoke, Salem, Staunton, Waynesboro, Winchester....

  11. 40 CFR 81.146 - Valley of Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of..., Harrisonburg, Lexington, Radford, Roanoke, Salem, Staunton, Waynesboro, Winchester....

  12. Virginia VIEW: 1979-1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDaniels, Carl

    1988-01-01

    Describes the evolution of the Virginia Career Information Delivery System, Virginia VIEW (Vital Information for Education and Work), from 1979 to 1987. Plans include a systemwide evaluation, career tabloid, and conversion from microfiche to a hard disk microcomputer. (JOW)

  13. Stateline: Virginia's Excellent Adventure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christie, Kathy

    2004-01-01

    The Virginia General Assembly is concerned that "there remains a significant gap between the best- and poorest-performing schools." Even as it acknowledged that most elementary and secondary schools are meeting academic achievement goals, the Assembly proceeded to request that information be collected on best practices used in…

  14. Virginia Hamilton: Majestic Storyteller.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses Virginia Hamilton's accomplishments as a writer and storyteller for young people. Suggests activities related to Hamilton's books, including reading aloud, watching a biographical videotape, displaying her books in the library or classroom, and visiting children's and young adult author web sites. Provides an annotated bibliography of 20…

  15. Virginia and SREB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) is a nonprofit organization that works collaboratively with Virginia and 15 other member states to improve education at every level--from pre-K to postdoctoral study--through many effective programs and initiatives. SREB's "Challenge to Lead" Goals for Education, which call for the region to…

  16. West Virginia and SREB

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) is a nonprofit organization that works collaboratively with West Virginia and 15 other member states to improve education at every level--from pre-K to postdoctoral study--through many effective programs and initiatives. SREB's "Challenge to Lead" Goals for Education, which call for the region…

  17. Virginia's traffic management system

    SciTech Connect

    Morris, J.; Marber, S. )

    1992-07-01

    This paper reports that Northern Virginia, like most other urban areas, faces the challenge of moving more and more vehicles on roads that are already overloaded. Traffic in Northern Virginia is continually increasing, but the development surrounding Interstate 395, 495, and 66 makes little room available for roadway expansion. Even if land were unlimited, the strict requirement of the Clean Air Act make building roads difficult. This paper reports that ensuring the most efficient use of the interstate highways is the goal of the Virginia Department of Transportation's (VDOT's) traffic management system (TMS). TMS is a computerized highway surveillance and control system that monitors 30 interstate miles on I-395, I-495, and I-66. The system helps squeeze the most use from these interstates by detecting and helping clear accidents or disabled vehicles and by smoothing traffic flow. TMS spots and helps clear an average of two incidents a day and prevents accidents caused by erratic traffic flow from ramps onto the main line. For motorists, these TMS functions translate into decreased travel time, vehicle operating costs, and air pollution. VDOT's TMS is the foundation for the intelligent vehicle-highway systems of tomorrow. It employs several elements that work together to improve traffic flow.

  18. Transportation and general aviation in Virginia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The diversity of Virginia is examined with respect to its transportation facilities and services, the Virginia Air Transportation System Plan, regionalism, and selected case studies of individual facilities.

  19. Metric Education Plan for Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Secondary Education.

    This comprehensive document is the result of statewide planning for the implementation of metric education in Virginia schools. An introduction discusses the rationale, needs, and continuing objectives for metric education. An organizational structure for metric education in Virginia is outlined. Guidelines for administrative planning are…

  20. Global Pursuits: Sunday Morning, Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Arts: The Art Education Magazine for Teachers, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This brief article describes Winslow Homer's oil on canvas painting, "Sunday Morning, Virginia." "Sunday Morning, Virginia" depicts a group of African-Americans learning to read in a slave cabin after the Civil War. A young teacher, wearing a crisp dress and apron, sits surrounded by three children as she teaches them to read…

  1. Charleston folio, West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Campbell, Marius R.

    1901-01-01

    The Charleston quadrangle embraces an area of 938 square miles, extending from latitude 38° on the south to 38°30' to the north, and from longitude 81° 30' on the east to 82° on the west.  The quadrangle is located in the State of West Virginia, including parts of the counties of Kanawha, Boone, Putnam, and Lincoln, and is named from the city of Charleston, which is situated at the junction of Elk and Kanawha rivers, in the north-eastern part of the quadrangle.

  2. Geothermal investigations in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Hendry, R.; Hilfiker, K.; Hodge, D.; Morgan, P.; Swanberg, C.; Shannon, S.S. Jr.

    1982-11-01

    Deep sedimentary basins and warm-spring systems in West Virginia are potential geothermal resources. A temperature gradient map based on 800 bottom-hole temperatures for West Virginia shows that variations of temperature gradient trend northeasterly, parallel to regional structure. Highest temperature gradient values of about 28/sup 0/C/km occur in east-central West Virginia, and the lowest gradients (18/sup 0/C/km) are found over the Rome Trough. Results from ground-water geochemistry indicate that the warm waters circulate in very shallow aquifers and are subject to seasonal temperature fluctuations. Silica heat-flow data in West Virginia vary from about 0.89 to 1.4 HFU and generally increase towards the west. Bouguer, magnetic, and temperature gradient profiles suggest that an ancient rift transects the state and is the site of several deep sedimentary basins.

  3. Virginia Hamilton: Continuing the Conversation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mikkelsen, Nina

    1995-01-01

    Relates the latest installment of a continuing conversation between the author and Virginia Hamilton. Discusses ethnicity and identity, environmental issues, the creative process, and the way heritage, history, and family storytelling affect a writer's work. (RS)

  4. Virginia Henderson: theorist, prophet, poet.

    PubMed

    Fulton, J S

    1987-10-01

    This article addresses the contributions of Virginia Henderson to the metaparadigm of nursing. The focus is discovery. The aesthetic characteristics of her works are highlighted by translating selected thoughts into poetry.

  5. Atmospheric particulate measurements in Norfolk, Virginia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Storey, R. W., Jr.; Sentell, R. J.; Woods, D. C.; Smith, J. R.; Harris, F. S., Jr.

    1975-01-01

    Characterization of atmospheric particulates was conducted at a site near the center of Norfolk, Virginia. Air quality was measured in terms of atmospheric mass loading, particle size distribution, and particulate elemental composition for a period of 2 weeks. The objectives of this study were (1) to establish a mean level of air quality and deviations about this mean, (2) to ascertain diurnal changes or special events in air quality, and (3) to evaluate instrumentation and sampling schedules. Simultaneous measurements were made with the following instruments: a quartz crystal microbalance particulate monitor, a light-scattering multirange particle counter, a high-volume air sampler, and polycarbonate membrane filters. To assess the impact of meteorological conditions on air quality variations, continuous data on temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and wind direction were recorded. Particulate elemental composition was obtained from neutron activation and scanning electron microscopy analyses of polycarbonate membrane filter samples. The measured average mass loading agrees reasonably well with the mass loadings determined by the Virginia State Air Pollution Control Board. There are consistent diurnal increases in atmospheric mass loading in the early morning and a sample time resolution of 1/2 hour seems necessary to detect most of the significant events.

  6. Remining to reclaim abandoned mined lands: Virginia`s initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Zipper, C.E.; Lambert, B.

    1998-12-31

    Abandoned Mined Lands (AML) are lands that were mined prior to implementation of the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) in 1977, but were inadequately reclaimed. Re-mining of AML is being conducted on a routine basis by coal-mining operations in eastern states such as Virginia. Re-mining is a potentially important means of reclaiming AML. However, under current policies, re-mining operations often fail to permit and reclaim priority 1, 2, and 3 AML, especially those areas which present the most severe environmental problems. This paper describes policy issues which affect the potential for AML reclamation by re-mining operations in mountainous mining areas, such as Virginia; efforts underway in Virginia which seek to resolve those issues; and progress achieved to date under that initiative.

  7. The West Virginia Folk Arts Apprenticeship Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Augusta Heritage Center, Elkins, WV.

    This booklet describes an apprenticeship program that encourages and perpetuates West Virginia folk arts. The program is an ongoing project administered by the Augusta Heritage Center located on the campus of Davis and Elkins College in West Virginia. Folk art is the artistic expression of values shared by communities of people. In West Virginia,…

  8. Virginia Commonwealth University: A Sesquicentennial History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dabney, Virginius

    The history of two institutions, the Medical College of Virginia and the Richmond Professional Institute, which came together in 1968 to form Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), is presented. The Medical College of Virginia was established in 1838 (1988 marks VCU's 150th anniversary) as a branch of Hampden-Sydney College, but broke away in…

  9. 77 FR 40793 - West Virginia Regulatory Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-11

    ... Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 30 CFR Part 948 West Virginia Regulatory Program AGENCY: Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM), Interior. ACTION: Interim final rule... Virginia regulatory program (the West Virginia program) under the Surface Mining Control and...

  10. 78 FR 64910 - Virginia Resource Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ... Forest Service Virginia Resource Advisory Committee AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Virginia Resource Advisory Committee will meet in Roanoke, Virginia. The committee... 31, 2014: 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. February 7, 2014: 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. All Resource Advisory...

  11. Virginia Henderson and her timeless writings.

    PubMed

    Halloran, E J

    1996-01-01

    This paper provides a reflection on the written works of Miss Virginia Avenel Henderson. Miss Henderson is a nurse, a scientist, an artist and a quintessential human being--all traits which informed her written output. Nursing practice, research and education were all subjects of her extensive chronicle. The four-volume Nursing Studies Index is her contribution to nursing research. The Index was sandwiched between two revisions of Principles and Practice of Nursing (5th and 6th eds), the placement of which caused the Index to focus on practice and the Principles (6th ed.) to be based on research. The sixth edition of Principles, written with Gladys Nite and 17 contributors, is considered the most important single professional document written in the twentieth century. The book synthesizes nursing practice, education, theory and research in an age when many nurses are challenged by the seeming incongruity in these essential professional functions.

  12. LOGGERHEAD SEA TURTLE LATE NESTING ECOLOGY IN VIRGINIA BEACH, VIRGINIA

    EPA Science Inventory

    T'he.loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta came is the only recurrent nesting species of sea turtle in southeastern Virginia (Lutcavage & Musick, 1985; Dodd, 1988). Inasmuch as the loggerhead is a federally threatened species, the opportunity to gather data on its nesting ecology is imp...

  13. Virginia DECA Handbook for Advisors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

    This handbook provides overall guidelines for the secondary division of the Virginia Association of the Distribtive Education Clubs of America (VA DECA). The handbook was written to clarify and promote the educational value of DECA activities; to outline procedures and provide material for local chapter improvement and development; to provide for…

  14. Virginia DECA Competitive Events Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

    This handbook combines in a single publication several sets of guidelines for separate competitive events sponsored by the Virginia Association of the Distributive Education Clubs of America (VA DECA). The handbook is organized to promote understanding of the relationships between the competitive events held on the national level and those…

  15. Virginia Resolves, 1993-1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrow, S. Rex, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    These two issues of "Virginia Resolves" provide articles of interest to the social studies reader and provides ideas for social studies instruction and curriculum. The fall issue features seven articles: (1) "Death and the Young Child" (Rosanne J. Marek); (2) "Simulations: Bibliography for the Middle and Elementary…

  16. Virginia Woolf: Postmodern Writing Instructor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, Bradley R.

    In her much-quoted statement of principles "A Room of One's Own," Virginia Woolf wishes for "a woman's sentence." In that essay, she doubts that a woman can use the same sentence as a man to write literature, because "the weight, the pace, the stride of a man's mind are too unlike her own for her to lift anything…

  17. Articulating Success in West Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Antoni, Kathy J.; Coulson, Gene

    2008-01-01

    Two years in West Virginia, college filing cabinets were stacked high with articulation agreements. College faculty members were traveling to and from area high schools in an effort to develop and finalize articulation agreements; all part of the process. And to what end? Less than 1 percent of students in the state were taking advantage of the…

  18. The Virginia Home Visiting Consortium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodkin, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    The Virginia Home Visiting Consortium (HVC) is a collaboration of public and private organizations which work to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of home visiting services throughout the state. The HVC identified service needs and gaps and has focused on increasing the interagency state and local partnerships so that resources are…

  19. White sulphur springs, West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Lund, J.W.

    1996-05-01

    A large, historic, health-oriented mineral springs resort, The Greenbrier, occupies 2,600 ha (6,500 acres) in an upland valley of the Allegheny Mountains near the West Virginia-Virginia border in the eastern US Natural mineral water at 17{degree}C (62.5{degree}F) and with a high sulfate content is piped to individual soaking tubs of the mineral-bath wing, where it is heated by electricity to the desired temperature. Tubs are drained and filled after each use, so no chemical treatment is required. Water from a fresh-water spring is piped to an outdoor pool and the Grand Indoor Pool, where it is treated with chlorine and heated by steam. Thus, this mineral spring is not really geothermal, but has a two-century history of use by a spa resort. A chemical analysis of the spring gives a flow of 1.6 L/s (25 gpm) with sulphate 1400 mg/L, bicarbonate 210 mg/L, magnesium 130 mg/L, sodium 22 mg/L, silica 17 mg/L, chloride 17 mg/L, hydrogen sulfide 13 mg/L, potassium 1.2 mg/L and iron 1.1 mg/L (from Springs of West Virginia, West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey, 1986).

  20. Going Global in Arlington, Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miranda, Edgar

    2010-01-01

    In July 2008, the Ashlawn Elementary School in Arlington, Virginia, began the implementation of the Global Citizenship Project, which is designed around the four guiding principles of the Earth Charter: respect and care for the community of life; ecological integrity; social and economic justice; and democracy, nonviolence and peace. The intent of…

  1. Virginia precipitation scatter experiment: Data analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crane, R. K.

    1973-01-01

    Rain scatter and surface rain rate data were obtained from October 3, 1970 to October 2, 1971 using a bistatic radar system and tipping bucket rain gauges located in southeastern Virginia. The data showed that interference may occur between earth and terrestrial stations located within 80 km of each other either by mainlobe-to-mainlobe coupling or sidelobe-to-mainlobe coupling. The data further show that the distributions of scattering cross section per unit volume measured at several heights and estimated from surface rain gauge data were different. The density functions for the scattering cross section per unit volume values measured at a 3 km height and estimated from surface rain rate data were identical only for summer thundershowers. The data showed that the CCIR model used to estimate interference due to rain is inadequate because the cell size and change of scattering cross section per unit volume with height estimates of the model predict transmission loss values that are too low (more interference than will occur).

  2. The cottontail rabbits of Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Llewellyn, L.M.; Handley, C.O.

    1945-01-01

    Five races of cottontail rabbits belonging to three species occur in Virginia. One of them, the Mearns cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus mearnsi), is reported here for the first time. It occurs in six southwestern counties of the state, while the eastern cottontail (S. f. mallurus) occurs in the remainder of the state with the exception of Smith and Fishermans islands off the eastern coast of Cape Charles, where it is replaced by Hitchens cottontail (S. f. hitchensi). The New England cottontail (S. transitionalis) is found on the higher mountain peaks, above 3000 feet, and the swamp rabbit (S. palustris) occurs in the Dismal Swamp region of southeastern Virginia.....The height of the breeding season for the eastern cottontail in Virginia is March and April, but breeding continues through the entire year except in December and January. The average litter size based on embryo counts was 4.7. The sex ratio of 234 specimens from all parts of the state, taken mostly in the December to February period, was 53 males to 47 females. That of a group of 145 rabbits live-trapped at Blacksburg during February and Marchwas 58 males to 42 females. The figures show that males are more active than females during the winter months, and therefore are more easily taken then....In transplanting cottontails from one section of the state to another, it is recommended that only cottontails of the same race as those originally present in the region being restocked be released there....Tularemia is not a common disease among rabbits in Virginia, but the rabbit ticks are often carriers of the disease and may transmit it to rabbits. Rabbit ticks are also found to be carriers of Rocky Mountain fever and American Q. fever. After the ticks drop off the rabbits to hibernate in the ground, which is likely to occur during mid-winter in Virginia, there is relatively little danger of humans contracting tularemia by contact with rabbits. Present laws in Virginia which prohibit rabbit hunting until the

  3. Bathymetric contours of Breckenridge Reservoir, Quantico, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wicklein, S.M.; Lotspeich, R.R.; Banks, R.B.

    2012-01-01

    Breckenridge Reservoir, built in 1938, is fed by Chopawamsic Creek and South Branch Chopawamsic Creek. The Reservoir is a main source of drinking water for the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) Base in Quantico, Virginia. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the USMC, conducted a bathymetric survey of Breckenridge Reservoir in March 2009. The survey was conducted to provide the USMC Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs (NREA) with information regarding reservoir storage capacity and general bathymetric properties. The bathymetric survey can provide a baseline for future work on sediment loads and deposition rates for the reservoir. Bathymetric data were collected using a boat-mounted Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) differential global positioning system (DGPS), echo depth-sounding equipment, and computer software. Data were exported into a geographic information system (GIS) for mapping and calculating area and volume. Reservoir storage volume at the time of the survey was about 22,500,000 cubic feet (517 acre-feet) with a surface area of about 1,820,000 square feet (41.9 acres).

  4. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    SciTech Connect

    Gantt, Lynn

    2011-01-01

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

  5. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    ScienceCinema

    Gantt, Lynn

    2016-07-12

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

  6. 77 FR 13519 - Safety Zone; Virginia Beach Oceanfront Air Show, Atlantic Ocean, Virginia Beach, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Virginia Beach Oceanfront Air Show, Atlantic Ocean, Virginia Beach, VA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY... Virginia Beach, VA. This action is necessary to provide for the safety of life on navigable waters...

  7. 77 FR 27120 - Safety Zone; Virginia Beach Oceanfront Air Show, Atlantic Ocean, Virginia Beach, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Virginia Beach Oceanfront Air Show, Atlantic Ocean, Virginia Beach, VA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The... Beach, VA to support the Virginia Beach Oceanfront Air Show. This action is necessary to provide for...

  8. 75 FR 24757 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00029

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-05

    ... Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-1905-DR), dated 04/27/2010. Incident: Severe Winter Storms and Snowstorms..., Frederick, Fredericksburg City, Greene, Highland, King George, Loudoun, Louisa, Madison, Manassas...

  9. 40 CFR 81.433 - Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Virginia. 81.433 Section 81.433 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF... Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.433 Virginia. Area name Acreage Public Law establishing Federal...

  10. 40 CFR 81.435 - West Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false West Virginia. 81.435 Section 81.435 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF... Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.435 West Virginia. Area name Acreage Public Law establishing...

  11. Telelearning for Extension Agents: The Virginia Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, William F., Jr.

    The creation of the Virginia Tech Teleport Facility and the installation of a nine-meter (diameter) C-Band satellite uplink antenna provided the initial impetus for the Virginia Cooperative Extension Service (VCES) to explore the use of satellite technology for information and program delivery. The $600,000 uplink became operational in September…

  12. Virginia Standards Predated the Common Core Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowledge Quest, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The Virginia Board of Education is committed to the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL) program and opposed to adoption of the newly developed Common Core State Standards as a prerequisite for participation in federal competitive grant and entitlement programs. The Standards of Learning are clear and rigorous and have won the acceptance and trust…

  13. 21 CFR 808.98 - West Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EXEMPTIONS FROM FEDERAL PREEMPTION OF STATE AND LOCAL MEDICAL DEVICE REQUIREMENTS Listing of Specific State and Local Exemptions § 808.98 West Virginia. (a) The following West Virginia medical...

  14. 21 CFR 808.98 - West Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EXEMPTIONS FROM FEDERAL PREEMPTION OF STATE AND LOCAL MEDICAL DEVICE REQUIREMENTS Listing of Specific State and Local Exemptions § 808.98 West Virginia. (a) The following West Virginia medical...

  15. 21 CFR 808.98 - West Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EXEMPTIONS FROM FEDERAL PREEMPTION OF STATE AND LOCAL MEDICAL DEVICE REQUIREMENTS Listing of Specific State and Local Exemptions § 808.98 West Virginia. (a) The following West Virginia medical...

  16. The Virginia Community College Comes of Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hockaday, Jeff; Puyear, Don

    1987-01-01

    In recognition of the twenty-first anniversary of the Virginia Community College System (VCCS), this essay reflects on the history and accomplishments of the system and considers its future as a mature component of Virginia's culture. First, the early years of the VCCS are examined, highlighting initial efforts to deal with the increasing demand…

  17. Virginia's College and Career Readiness Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In 1995, Virginia began a broad educational reform program that resulted in revised, rigorous content standards, the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL), in the content areas of English, mathematics, science, and history and social science. These grade-by-grade and course-based standards were developed over 14 months with revision teams including…

  18. The Virginia Plan for Higher Education--1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Council of Higher Education, Richmond.

    Virginia's higher education system is reviewed in a state report that provides mission narratives from each of the Commonwealth's state-supported and independent institutions. After a statewide statistical profile, the following issues are discussed: enrollment issues, the emerging role of Virginia's urban universities, teacher education programs,…

  19. West Virginia: A History for Beginners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John Alexander; Sherwood, Topper, Ed.

    This book on the history of West Virginia emphasizes the differences and similarities among the people inhabiting what is now the state of West Virginia, from prehistoric times to the present. The history focuses on how these people have acted as individuals and in groups such as families, communities, societies, corporations, and government.…

  20. Risk analysis of Safety Service Patrol (SSP) systems in Virginia.

    PubMed

    Dickey, Brett D; Santos, Joost R

    2011-12-01

    The transportation infrastructure is a vital backbone of any regional economy as it supports workforce mobility, tourism, and a host of socioeconomic activities. In this article, we specifically examine the incident management function of the transportation infrastructure. In many metropolitan regions, incident management is handled primarily by safety service patrols (SSPs), which monitor and resolve roadway incidents. In Virginia, SSP allocation across highway networks is based typically on average vehicle speeds and incident volumes. This article implements a probabilistic network model that partitions "business as usual" traffic flow with extreme-event scenarios. Results of simulated network scenarios reveal that flexible SSP configurations can improve incident resolution times relative to predetermined SSP assignments.

  1. National Program of Inspection of Dams. Volume 4. Appendix F. Inventory of Dams in the United States. Section III. Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, Trust Territories, Virgin Islands and Guam.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-05-01

    L LAU LU LU wU LUJ wU .i ’U, Lu Iw U W w w J w j W w LU L L L L U L u LIj LU w w w w u LUJ LU LU wU ui uj 8> L u U u LU Lu Lu LU Lu LU u u LU u LU...INSPECTION OF DAKS VOLUME 4 5/9 APPENDIX F INVENTORY OF D..(U) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS (ARMY) WASHINGTON DC MAY 75 UNCLASSIFIED F/G 13/2 ML...U. w. n. wJ U. IAJ cc Uda - . LAu Ua -j Cc z U r. c m x D V t, U. ft u C ftU- - C -2 J m -j 0 a. 0- 49 zI L L M x T cc XI 9 49 0- U ct X. ct 49 ct a

  2. Geology of Northeastern Hardy County, West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Dean, S.L.; Fisher, R.R. . Dept. of Geology); Kulander, B.R. . Dept. of Geological Sciences); Lessing, P. ); Kurtz, M.P. . Dept. of Geology and Geography); Orzechowski, M.L. )

    1994-03-01

    The Baker, Needmore and Wolf Gap 7.5-minute quadrangles, are located in the Valley and Ridge province of Hardy County, West Virginia. These quadrangles cover the geology of the Cacapon Mountain anticlinorium on the east and the Broadtop synclinorium on the west. Stratigraphically, the Paleozoic section is exposed from the Upper Ordovician Martinsburg Formation to Lower Mississippian Purslane Sandstone. The Cacapon Mountain structure developed by longitudinal ramping from the Lower Cambrian Waynesboro (i.e. Rome) decollement level to the Upper Ordovician Martinsburg detachment horizon. Longitudinal ramping from the Waynesboro to Martinsburg level under Whip Cove anticline (west) along the western flank of Broadtop synclinorium has resulted in the Broadtop overthrust sheet of Jacobeen and Kanes (1974, 1975), which duplicates the Lower Paleozoic section westward to the Bedford syncline. Anderson Ridge anticline in the Cacapon Mountain anticlinorium complex has been redesignated Trout Run anticlinorium because of recent detailed mapping. Short wave length folds developed in the largely incompetent Silurian and Devonian section in the Cacapon Mountain anticlinorium. Also of significance in this structure are extensive thrust faults and back thrusts on Halfmoon Mountain at the northern plunge-out of Trout run anticlinorium. Early layer-parallel shortening values were obtained from fossil deformation and intergranular strain studies, determined by Rf/[O] and Fry analyses of 42 rock samples from the Chemung Formation in the Broadtop synclinorium. Shortening averaged 13%, assuming constant volume.

  3. Coastal storm monitoring in Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wicklein, Shaun M.; Bennett, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Coastal communities in Virginia are prone to flooding, particularly during hurricanes, nor’easters, and other coastal low-pressure systems. These weather systems affect public safety, personal and public property, and valuable infrastructure, such as transportation, water and sewer, and electric-supply networks. Local emergency managers, utility operators, and the public are tasked with making difficult decisions regarding evacuations, road closures, and post-storm recovery efforts as a result of coastal flooding. In coastal Virginia these decisions often are made on the basis of anecdotal knowledge from past events or predictions based on data from monitoring sites located far away from the affected area that may not reflect local conditions. Preventing flood hazards, such as hurricane-induced storm surge, from becoming human disasters requires an understanding of the relative risks that flooding poses to specific communities. The risk to life and property can be very high if decisions about evacuations and road closures are made too late or not at all.

  4. 7 CFR 51.2751 - U.S. Medium Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Medium Virginia. 51.2751 Section 51.2751... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Shelled Virginia Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2751 U.S. Medium Virginia. “U.S. Medium Virginia” consists of shelled Virginia type peanut kernels of similar...

  5. 7 CFR 51.2751 - U.S. Medium Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false U.S. Medium Virginia. 51.2751 Section 51.2751... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Shelled Virginia Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2751 U.S. Medium Virginia. “U.S. Medium Virginia” consists of shelled Virginia type peanut kernels of similar...

  6. 7 CFR 51.2751 - U.S. Medium Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false U.S. Medium Virginia. 51.2751 Section 51.2751... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Shelled Virginia Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2751 U.S. Medium Virginia. “U.S. Medium Virginia” consists of shelled Virginia type peanut kernels of similar...

  7. Assessment of the Impact of Viticulture Extension Programs in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferreira, Gustavo F. C.; Hatch, Tremain; Wolf, Tony K.

    2016-01-01

    The study discussed in this article assessed the impact of Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) on the Virginia wine grape industry. An online survey was developed and administered to members of the Virginia Vineyards Association. The results indicate that the resources and recommendations VCE and Virginia Tech have provided have been beneficial…

  8. 75 FR 70351 - Termination of Environmental Review Process Cities of Chesapeake and Virginia Beach, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ... Virginia Beach, VA AGENCY: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), DOT. ACTION: Termination of environmental... the Cities of Chesapeake and Virginia Beach, Virginia, is terminated. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  9. [Virginia Apgar and her scale].

    PubMed

    van Gijn, Jan; Gijselhart, Joost P

    2012-01-01

    Virginia Apgar (1909-1974), born in New Jersey, managed to continue medical school despite the financial crisis of 1929, continued for a brief time in surgery and subsequently became one of the first specialists in anaesthesiology. In 1949 she was appointed to a professorship, the first woman to reach this rank at Columbia University in New York. She then dedicated herself to obstetric anaesthesiology and devised the well known scale for the initial assessment of newborn babies, according to 5 criteria. From 1959 she worked for the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (now March of Dimes), to expand its activities from prevention of poliomyelitis to other aspects of preventive child care, such as rubella vaccination and testing for rhesus antagonism. She remained single; in her private life she enjoyed fly fishing, took lessons in aviation and was an accomplished violinist.

  10. Mechatronics education at Virginia Tech

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bay, John S.; Saunders, William R.; Reinholtz, Charles F.; Pickett, Peter; Johnston, Lee

    1998-12-01

    The advent of more complex mechatronic systems in industry has introduced new opportunities for entry-level and practicing engineers. Today, a select group of engineers are reaching out to be more knowledgeable in a wide variety of technical areas, both mechanical and electrical. A new curriculum in mechatronics developed at Virginia Tech is starting to bring students from both the mechanical and electrical engineering departments together, providing them wit an integrated perspective on electromechanical technologies and design. The course is cross-listed and team-taught by faculty from both departments. Students from different majors are grouped together throughout the course, each group containing at least one mechanical and one electrical engineering student. This gives group members the ability to learn from one another while working on labs and projects.

  11. DOLLY ANN ROADLESS AREA, VIRGINIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lesure, Frank G.; Jones, Jay G.

    1984-01-01

    Mineral-resource surveys indicate that much of the Dolly Ann Roadless Area, in the George Washington National Forest, Alleghany County, Virginia, has substantiated iron resource potential. Inferred low-grade iron resources occur in folded sedimentary rocks of Paleozoic age. The area has an estimated 540 million long tons of contained iron in hematitic sandstone and 700,000 long tons contained iron in deposits of sandy Limonite. Other mineral resources include various rocks suitable for crushed rock, quartzite suitable for high-silica uses, limestone suitable for agricultural uses, and clay and shale suitable for structural clay products, all of which can be readily obtained outside the wilderness. A potential for natural gas and geothermal energy may exist but cannot be quantified from present knowledge.

  12. Remote sensing in West Virginia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lessing, P.

    1981-01-01

    Low altitude black and white aerial photography is the prinicipal remote sensing tool for geologic investigations in West Virginia, although side looking radar and color infrared photography are also used. The first land use/cover map for the state was produced in color infrared and is being digitized. Linear features in Cabell and Wayne Counties, as revealed by LANDSAT, were evaluated to test the possible correlations with rock fractures and gas production from shales. A LANDSAT linear features map (1:250,000) was prepared for the entire state, also. Presently investigations are being made to understand karst and to predict areas that should not be used for development. Aerial photography and field mapping is being conducted to detect the location and causes of landslides.

  13. Geological mapping in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Dean, S.L. . Dept. of Geology); Kulander, B.R. . Dept. of Geological Sciences); Lessing, P. )

    1992-01-01

    Geological mapping at 1:24,000 scale in the Valley and Ridge province of West Virginia is an ongoing program to up-date 75-year old 1:62,500 scale county geological maps. Large-scale topographic maps, remote-sensing imagery, geophysical data, well-log data, and advances in structural concepts provide information leading to thin-skinned tectonic interpretations. The five maps displayed (22 7.5-minute quadrangles) illustrate the complex deformational styles in the Paleozoic section of the Massanutten/Blue Ridge, Waynesboro, and Martinsburg sheets. Detailed field mapping reveals that many previously mapped anticlines, such as Great North Mountain and Adams run, are complex anticlinoria and that large expanses of Lower Mississippian clastics were overlooked in the Sector and Lost River State Park quadrangles. Furthermore, prevalent thrust and strike-slip faulting in the Cambrian-Ordovician carbonates of the Great Valley and extensive folding, faulting, and pre-fold layer-parallel shortening have occurred in the upper sheet to an extent not previously reported. Finally, imbrication of the underlying Waynesboro sheet forms a duplex that defines major anticlinoria and synclinoria in the Valley and Ridge. Complete maps have proven beneficial to government and the public. Examples are the siting of high-yield water wells, delineation of wellheat protection areas, and providing maps suitable for GIS systems. The maps have also been used to organize regional and local field trips and have served as the basis for the further structural and stratigraphic investigations. The West Virginia Geological Survey places high priority on detailed geological mapping. However, continuation of the program is dependent upon adequate funding.

  14. Rotunda, University of Virginia. Remodeling Portfolio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Progressive Architecture, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The recently completed restoration of Thomas Jefferson's Rotunda at the University of Virginia is criticized as being the result of compromises and, consequently, an amalgam of its three previous designers. (Author/MLF)

  15. 76 FR 72994 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00041

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-28

    ... State of Virginia (FEMA- 4045-DR), dated 11/17/2011. Incident: Remnants of Tropical Storm Lee. Incident... Counties: Alexandria City, Caroline, Essex, Fairfax, King And Queen, King George, Prince...

  16. 77 FR 73510 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00052

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ... State of Virginia (FEMA- 4092-DR), dated 11/26/2012. Incident: Hurricane Sandy Incident Period: 10/26...; Highland; King And Queen; Lancaster; Loudoun; Madison; Manassas City; Mathews; Middlesex;...

  17. Leak Detectives Saving Money, Water in Virginia

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    “Circuit riders” from the Virginia Rural Water Association (VRWA) are traveling to small communities across the Commonwealth using special equipment financed by EPA to locate expensive and wasteful leaks in drinking water distribution systems.

  18. Libraries in Virginia: MedlinePlus

    MedlinePlus

    ... www.healthsystem.virginia.edu/internet/library/portal/consumer/ Falls Church Inova Fairfax Hospital Jacob D. Zylman Health Sciences Library ILL 3300 Gallows Road Falls Church, VA 22042-3300 703-776-3234 http:// ...

  19. The Redesign of Developmental Education in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edgecombe, Nikki

    2016-01-01

    This chapter describes the structure and implementation of a redesign of developmental education in the Virginia Community College System, discusses preliminary descriptive findings from an evaluation of the redesign, and shares lessons for the field.

  20. Libraries in West Virginia: MedlinePlus

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page: https://medlineplus.gov/libraries/westvirginia.html Libraries in West Virginia To use the sharing features ... enable JavaScript. Bridgeport United Hospital Center Health Sciences Library 327 Medical Park Dr Bridgeport, WV 26330 681- ...

  1. Virginia Party Politics and Texas Annexation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-08-04

    undisputed leader of the Richmond Junto .43 The Richmond Junto , a loosely knit alliance of Democratic politicians and prominent members of Virginia...behind the throne.൴ The Junto ensured that Virginia never cast her vote for a Whig presidential candidate.45 In fact, even in 1840 when Whig...state lost, the Junto mouthpiece predicted correctly, albeit with great estimation of their own influence, "We entertain a confident belief that

  2. The Effect of the 45-15 Pilot Program on Community Services in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Robert H.; Anderson, Bruce

    The purpose of this study was to discover the effect of the 45-15 pilot program on youth-oriented community services in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Questionnaires, telephone interviews, mail, and personal interviews were used to collect data from agencies such as parks and recreation, libraries, Little League, churches, scouting groups, music and…

  3. 78 FR 16816 - Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth City...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia..., North Carolina, and to modify its television station, WHRO-TV's license to specify Norfolk,...

  4. 76 FR 54189 - Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth City, NC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-31

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia... Association (``HRETA''), the licensee of noncommercial educational television station WHRO-TV, channel *16... license. There is presently a freeze on the filing of television allotment rulemaking petitions, but...

  5. Virginia Beach Public Library System, Virginia Beach/Oceanfront Branch: A Community Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Carolyn L., Comp.; And Others

    This study provides an overview of the community and the status of the library through an examination of the city of Virginia Beach, including its demography and needs, as well as the history, organization, administration, and financial support of both the Virginia Beach Public Library System and the Oceanfront Branch Library. The information is…

  6. DOLLY SODS WILDERNESS, WEST VIRGINIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Englund, Kenneth J.; Hill, James J.

    1984-01-01

    Coal, the principal mineral resource of the Dolly Sods Wilderness, West Virginia is in at least seven beds of low- to medium-volatile bituminous rank. Of these beds, four are of sufficient thickness, quality, and extent to contain demonstrated coal resources which are estimated to total about 15. 5 million short tons in areas of substantiated coal resource potential. A Small-scale development of the coal resources of the Dolly Sods Wilderness has been by several shallow adits which provided fuel for locomotives during early logging operations and by a one truck mine. All mine entries are now abandoned. Peat, shale, clay, and sandstone, occur in the area but because of remoteness of markets and inaccessability they are not classified as resources in this report. Natural gas may occur in rocks underlying the area, but because of a lack of subsurface information an estimate of resource potential has not been made. No evidence of metallic-mineral resources was found during this investigation.

  7. 23. VIEW NORTHWEST ON VIRGINIA AVENUE AXIS SHOWING NEW JERSEY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. VIEW NORTHWEST ON VIRGINIA AVENUE AXIS SHOWING NEW JERSEY AVENUE OVERPASS AND WASHINGTON MONUMENT. TAKEN FROM UNDERNEATH THE SOUTHEAST/SOUTHWEST FREEWAY. - Virginia Avenue, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  8. 22. VIEW SOUTHWEST ON VIRGINIA AVENUE AXIS SHOWING SOUTH SIDE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. VIEW SOUTHWEST ON VIRGINIA AVENUE AXIS SHOWING SOUTH SIDE OF GARFIELD PARK, NARROW ROADWAY, RAILROAD TRACKS ENTERING THE TUNNEL, AND THE SOUTHEAST/SOUTHWEST FREEWAY. TAKEN FROM THE NEW JERSEY AVENUE OVERPASS. - Virginia Avenue, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  9. 3. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST ON THE VIRGINIA AVENUE AXIS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST ON THE VIRGINIA AVENUE AXIS FROM THE ANACOSTIA RIVER TO THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT. (Photograph enlarged from 4x5 negative.) - Virginia Avenue, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  10. A Survey of Perceptions of the Virginia Tech Tragedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fallahi, Carolyn R.; Austad, Carol Shaw; Fallon, Marianne; Leishman, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    The recent shootings at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute (Virginia Tech) shocked the nation and brought violence on college campuses to the forefront of the nation's attention. We surveyed college students and faculty/staff three weeks after the incident about their perceptions of the Virginia Tech shooting, subsequent media exposure, and school…

  11. West Virginia Interpretive Guide Training: A Collaborative Effort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balcarczyk, Kelly; McKenney, Kathryn; Smaldone, Dave; Arborgast, Doug

    2013-01-01

    West Virginia University's Extension Service partnered with the Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Resources Program to improve guide performance in West Virginia's tourism industry. The result of this partnership is a West Virginia Interpretive Guide Training program aimed at providing low-cost, widely available training to guides throughout the…

  12. 7 CFR 51.2751 - U.S. Medium Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false U.S. Medium Virginia. 51.2751 Section 51.2751 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.2751 U.S. Medium Virginia. “U.S. Medium Virginia” consists of shelled Virginia type peanut...

  13. 7 CFR 51.2751 - U.S. Medium Virginia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false U.S. Medium Virginia. 51.2751 Section 51.2751 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.2751 U.S. Medium Virginia. “U.S. Medium Virginia” consists of shelled Virginia type peanut...

  14. State Education Finance and Governance Profile: West Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orkodashvili, Mariam

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the state education finance and governance profile of West Virginia. West Virginia is the 41st largest state in the United States, with an area of 24,231 square miles. The total population of West Virginia in 2008 was 1,814,468, making it the 37th most populous state in the United States. Current expenditures per pupil are…

  15. View of Tennessee, Virginia, Kentucky border area

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    A near vertical view of the Tennessee, Virginia, Kentucky border area is seen in this Skylab 3 Earth Resources Experiments Package S190-B (five-inch earth terrain camera) photograph taken from the Skylab space station in Earth orbit. The clock is in the most southerly corner of the picture. Interstate 81 under construction extends northeast-southwest across the bottom portion of the photograph. The larger urban area nearest the center of the picture is Kingsport, Tennessee. On the southern side of I-80 and east of Kingsport is the city of Bristol, Tennessee-Virginia. Johnson City, Tennessee is the urban area near the edge of the picture southeast of Kingsport. The Holston RIver, a tributary of the Tennessee River, meanders through the Kingsport area. The characteristic ridge and valley features in the Cumberland Plateau of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia are clearly visible. Forests (dark green) occur on the ridges and clearly outline the folded and faulted rock formations. Agricultur

  16. Outdoor water use and water conservation opportunities in Virginia Beach, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Eggleston, John R.

    2010-01-01

    The amount of seasonal water use is important to the City of Virginia Beach because the primary source of this water is a fragile, shallow aquifer that is the only fresh groundwater source available within the city. Residents in the mostly rural southern half of Virginia Beach rely solely on this aquifer, not only for outdoor water uses but also for indoor domestic uses such as drinking and bathing. Groundwater that is close to the land surface in Virginia Beach is mostly fresh, whereas water 200 feet or more below the land surface is mostly saline and generally too salty to drink or use for irrigating lawns and gardens.

  17. Virginia big-eared bats (Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus) roosting in abandoned coal mines in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, J.B.; Edwards, J.W.; Wood, P.B.

    2005-07-01

    We surveyed bats at 36 abandoned coal mines during summer 2002 and 47 mines during fall 2002 at New River Gorge National River and Gauley River National Recreation Area, WV. During summer, we captured three federally endangered Virginia big-eared bats at two mine entrances, and 25 were captured at 12 mine entrances during fall. These represent the first documented captures of this species at coal mines in West Virginia. Future survey efforts conducted throughout the range of the Virginia big-eared bat should include abandoned coal mines.

  18. The West Virginia mineral lands program: Statewide GIS resource evaluation and assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Neidig, C.A.; Fedorko, N.; Maki, E.; Elmes, G.

    1996-09-01

    In 1995, the West Virginia legislature enacted H.B. 2222 that provided a mandate and funding for a statewide evaluation of mineral resources, specifically coal, to promote a more open and equitable means to assess the taxable value of mineral holdings by West Virginia property owners. Written into the legislation was an appropriation for the initial development of a Geographic Information System (GIS) to integrate the work. Designated as the Mineral Lands Mapping Program, the lead agencies are the VIV Geological and Economic Survey, the WV Department of Tax and Revenue, and the State GIS Technical Support Center at West Virginia University. The complex topography and geology of West Virginia require that large volumes of two- and three-dimensional spatial data be created to support the identification, mapping, and evaluation of coal resources for improved tax assessment of land parcels. The political and economic context of the project, data requirements and sources, inputs and digital conversion procedures, adoption of metadata and data standards, geological base mapping, coal resource modeling methods, tax parcel reconciliation, and integration of the various data sets are all important issues for this program.

  19. Lighting Design and Ordinance Issues in Virginia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ianna, P. A.

    2001-12-01

    Good exterior lighting design practice and lighting ordinances are often in conflict, although both may be intended to reduce light pollution. Ordinance examples include mounting height limitations, spill light limits at property lines, and the occasional truly bizarre and/or unenforceable code provision. An impediment to developing lighting ordinances in the Commonwealth of Virginia is that localities may not enact such ordinances without the express permission of the state legislature. At this writing counties do, but towns and cities do not enjoy such authorization. With continued rapid population growth, preserving the still 'dark' places in Virginia will be a difficult challenge.

  20. Optimal Speed Limits for School Buses on Virginia Highways: A Report to Virginia's Superintendent of Public Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jernigan, Jack D.; Lynn, Cheryl W.

    A study to assess whether the school bus speed limit should be changed in Virginia is described in this report. The relationship between the safety characteristics of Virginia's three-tiered speed limit system and school bus operation is examined to determine the optimal level of safety for school bus travel. Virginia allows the following three…

  1. Massanutten Mountain, Virginia, USA (Anaglyph)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    Massanutten Mountain lies in the Shenandoah Valley of northern Virginia. Rock layers in the mountain are folded downward in an overall 'U' shape (called a syncline) which accounts for its peculiar double ridge shape with a highly elongated valley between. The ridges have formed because they are capped with a sandstone layer which is resistant to weathering and erosion. Limestones and shales are less resistant and form the lowlands and valleys. The north and south forks of the Shenandoah River flank Massanutten Mountain and display unusually pronounced meander patterns. Other layered sedimentary rocks form other ridgeline patterns in the Allegheny Mountains, to the upper left. But the igneous and metamorphic (crystalline) rocks of the Blue Ridge Mountains erode into a very different topographic pattern to the southeast. This small area provides an excellent example rock type, geologic structure, and fluvial (stream) processes all influencing landform development.

    This anaglyph was produced by first shading a preliminary elevation model from data acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. The stereoscopic effect was then created by generating two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and cover the right eye with a blue filter.

    Elevation data used in this image were acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on February 11, 2000. The mission used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, installed additional C

  2. KIDS COUNT in Virginia: 1997 Data Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galano, Joseph; Nezlek, John B.; Wood, Lisa

    This KIDS COUNT data book examines statewide trends in the well-being of Virginia's children. The statistical portrait is based on six general areas of children's well-being: (1) healthy births; (2) children's health; (3) school success; (4) risky behavior; (5) families; and (6) community well-being. Key indicators in these six areas include the…

  3. Retooling Teacher Preparation in West Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manchin, Gayle

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses West Virginia's public schools, and their long struggle with student achievement levels in reading and math. Levels are significantly below the national average and there are poverty-based achievement gaps within the state. In 2013, a cross section of educators and education policy leaders from a range of experiences,…

  4. New Design Feature in Virginia's Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillespie, Monica McTeague

    A study of new design features for public schools was conducted to determine what specific design features were being implemented in Virginia's schools. This report summarizes the major trends in facility design that were discovered in the following areas: safety and security features; classroom space; technology areas; administrative spaces;…

  5. Migrant Farmworkers on Virginia's Eastern Shore.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Richmond.

    The living and working conditions of migrant farmworkers on the Eastern Shore of Virginia have been described as deplorable and possibly the worst in the nation. At the same time, growers in this region have complained of duplication, even triplication, of federal and state regulations designed to improve living and working conditions of these…

  6. 77 FR 31486 - Virginia Regulatory Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-29

    ...-bonding, and availability of records. Virginia intends to revise its program to be consistent with the...), None Self-bonding. (a)(7), (b). Because these changes are minor, we find that they will not make... requirements of SMCRA and the Federal regulations and can be approved. 7. At 4 VAC...

  7. Missing Chapters: West Virginia Women in History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia Women's Commission, Charleston.

    Nine women whose lives have contributed to West Virginia history are profiled in these collected essays. These women have made significant contributions to history as: midwife, physician, journalist, photographer, educator, musician, civic activist, and social reformer. The stereotypical image of a powerless, barefooted, uneducated girl is proven…

  8. Central Virginia Community College 1999 Fact Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hicks, Geoffrey

    The Fact Book is an annual publication of the Office of Research, Assessment and Planning at Central Virginia Community College (CVCC). It includes data and trends from 1994-1998 and is divided into six parts: (1) "The College" includes information on the College Board, institutional history, facilities, mission and goals, revenues and…

  9. Factors Influencing Improved Student Achievement in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linehan, Patrick D.

    2012-01-01

    At the beginning of the last decade, Congress passed and President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2002. Key provisions of this act focused on holding schools accountable to ensure that all students met state established standards. In Virginia, the state Standards of Learning (SOL) assessments form the basis of…

  10. Virginia's Standards Make All Students Stars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thayer, Yvonne

    2000-01-01

    In 1995, the Virginia Board of Education adopted sweeping new Standards of Learning (SOL) outlining minimally accepted K-12 academic-achievement goals. The program has four components: high academic standards, tests to measure student progress, accreditation measures to ensure accountability for student achievement, and annual school-performance…

  11. Virginia's Guide to Workforce Education Program Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This guide, which is intended primarily for adult education practitioners in Virginia, explains the process of developing workplace basic skills programs. Presented first is background information on the guide's development. The following are among the topics discussed in the guide's seven chapters: the need for work force education (changes in…

  12. The West Virginia Health Education Assessment Project.

    PubMed

    Tompkins, Nancy O'Hara; Kamal, Khalid M; Chapman, Don

    2005-08-01

    Well-designed school health education should provide students with the knowledge and skills to prevent the health risk behaviors most responsible for the major causes of morbidity and mortality. This paper reports the methodology and findings of a West Virginia statewide health education assessment initiative and describes how the findings are used to design professional development training for school health educators. Selected response items from the State Collaborative on Assessment and Student Standards, Health Education Assessment Project were used to develop a 40-item assessment instrument for 6 health education content areas. In West Virginia, 51 counties and 242 schools were recruited (county response rate = 93%; school response rate = 53%); 17,549 students were tested in grades 6, 8, and high school health education classes. Mean total scores by grade were 30.61 (grade 6), 26.55 (grade 8), and 26.53 (high school), indicating a slight decline in scores as grade level increased. Females in each grade level scored higher on total Health Education Assessment Project (HEAP) scores and subtest scores than males. The results suggest notable differences across grade levels. High school students failed to meet the standard on any health education content areas, indicating the need for enhanced knowledge and skill development. During professional development training, HEAP scores were examined in the context of results from the West Virginia Youth Risk Behavior Survey to underscore the importance of providing quality skills-based health education in West Virginia schools.

  13. Virginia Woolf: A Bibliography, 1975-1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santora, Joseph C.; Greenstein, Jane L.

    The entries in this bibliography reflect the prolific amount of material by and about Virginia Woolf that was published between 1975 and 1978, including reprints and revised editions of original works, previously unpublished writings, and scholarly criticism. The selections are listed as primary sources and secondary sources. The secondary sources…

  14. Twenty Years of Higher Education in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Gordon K.

    This report on Virginia higher education briefly reviews the impact of economic recession, slashed budgets, increased tuition, and increasing politicization upon the state's higher education system, and then looks ahead to issues critical to the higher education's future in the state. The report proposes action in three areas: (1) adequate funding…

  15. The Virginia Tech Library System (VTLS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGrath, Deborah Hall; Lee, Carl R.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses topics relating to the Virginia Tech Library System: the company (VTLS, Inc.); the software; data structure; cataloging, status, and authority control; circulation; serials control and acquisitions; the online catalog; management reporting; networking; and the operating environment. Sidebars discuss the Vanilla Network; LINNEA--a network…

  16. The West Virginia Health Education Assessment Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tompkins, Nancy O'Hara; Kamal, Khalid M.; Chapman, Don

    2005-01-01

    Well-designed school health education should provide students with the knowledge and skills to prevent the health risk behaviors most responsible for the major causes of morbidity and mortality. This paper reports the methodology and findings of a West Virginia statewide health education assessment initiative and describes how the findings are…

  17. Southwest Virginia Community College Technology Master Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pruett, Teresa

    This document describes Southwest Virginia Community College's (SVCC's) general technology plan. Goals include: (1) connecting all on-campus buildings with a fiber backbone; (2) connecting all user spaces to this backbone with high-speed lines to form an integrated information infrastructure known as SVCCNet; (3) providing workstations for college…

  18. 76 FR 6589 - West Virginia Regulatory Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 30 CFR Part 948 West Virginia Regulatory Program AGENCY: Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Interior. ACTION: Proposed rule; reopening... amendment, the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) characterized the change as...

  19. KIDS COUNT in Virginia, 2001 [Data Book].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Action Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth, Richmond.

    This Kids Count data book details statewide trends in the well-being of Virginia's children. The statistical portrait is based on the following four areas of children's well-being: health and safety; education; family; and economy. Key indicators examined are: (1) prenatal care; (2) low birth weight babies; (3) infant mortality; (4) child abuse or…

  20. Business Plan: The Virginia Space Flight Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reed, Billie M.

    1997-01-01

    The Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority (VCSFA) was established on July 1, 1995 and codified at Sections 9-266.1 et seq., Code of Virginia. It is governed by an eleven person Board of Directors representing industry, state and local government and academia. VCSFA has designated the Center for Commercial Space Infrastructure as its Executive Directorate and Operating Agent. This Business Plan has been developed to provide information to prospective customers, prospective investors, state and federal government agencies, the VCSFA Board and other interested parties regarding development and operation of the Virginia Space Flight Center (VSFC) at Wallops Island. The VSFC is an initiative sponsored by VCSFA to achieve its stated objectives in the areas of economic development and education. Further, development of the VSFC is in keeping with the state's economic goals set forth in Opportunity Virginia, the strategic plan for jobs and prosperity, which are to: (1) Strengthen the rapidly growing aerospace industry in space based services including launch services, remote sensing, satellite manufacturing and telecommunications; and (2) Capitalize on intellectual and technical resources throughout the state and become a leader in the development of advanced technology businesses.

  1. Virginia Vocational Education Reporting System. User's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond.

    This document explains how to complete the following forms that are part of the Vocational Education Reporting System (VERS) in Virginia: (1) Fall Report of Teachers (VERS 5); (2) Secondary Enrollment/Demographic Form (SEDF); (3) Adult Class Enrollment Form (VERS 6); and (4) Disadvantaged/Handicapped Student Identification Data Form (SIDF-D/H).…

  2. 76 FR 72022 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00040

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-21

    ... State of Virginia (FEMA- 4042-DR), dated 11/10/2011. Incident: Earthquake. Incident Period: 08/23/2011 Through 10/25/2011. Effective Date: 11/10/2011. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 01/09/2012... INFORMATION: Notice is hereby given that as a result of the President's major disaster declaration on...

  3. Freedman's Village, Arlington, Virginia: 1863-1900.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shildt, Roberta

    Designed for 7th- and 8th-grade students, the teaching unit demonstrates how blacks lived during and after the Civil War in the first government-provided housing in Freedman's Village. While concerned with local Arlington, Virginia sites and history, the unit provides an illustration of the role of architecture and design on American social…

  4. Virginia KIDS COUNT Data Book, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    This Kids Count data book details statewide trends in the well-being of Virginia's children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators of child well-being in five areas: healthy births, adolescent well-being, health and safety, education, and economic security. Specific indicators examined are: (1) births to single women; (2) early prenatal…

  5. Program Evaluation: The Virginia Community College System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State General Assembly, Richmond. Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission.

    This document contains a performance evaluation of the Virginia Community College System (VCCS), based on data collected by each institution and state agencies, field interviews, original surveys of community college students and staff, and contact with industry. Section I reviews the legislature's intent in establishing the VCCS with regard to…

  6. Virginia Tech State Task Force Reports Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, James T.

    2010-01-01

    An analysis of eleven state task force reports prompted by the tragic nature of the Virginia Tech shooting in 2007 revealed that all shared a primary theme: no "single best way" to protect American college and university campuses yet exists. These documents, individually and collectively, make it clear that contemporary complex learning…

  7. 76 FR 37996 - West Virginia Regulatory Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... Virginia is amending its Code of State Regulations (CSR) to provide for the establishment of a minimum... other things, the establishment of a minimum incremental bonding rate of $10,000 per increment at CSR 38... at CSR 38-2-11.4.a.2. Section 22-3-11(a) of WVSCMRA currently requires mining operators to furnish...

  8. School Violence Case Study at Virginia Tech

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyttle, LeighAnne

    2012-01-01

    On April 16, 2007, Seung Hui Cho, a livid and mentally ill student, shot to death 32 students and faculty of Virginia Tech, wounded many more people, and then killed himself. This incident has impacted college and university campuses nationwide in efforts to seek mentally disturbed students and help them, to have effective emergency teams, as well…

  9. Virginia power thermal-hydraulic methods

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, R.C.; Harrell, J.R.; Basehore, K.L.

    1987-01-01

    Virginia Power Company operates two nuclear units at Surry and another pair at North Anna, with rated thermal powers of 2441 and 2893 MW, respectively. In support of the operation of these units, the nuclear safety analysis group is required to perform departure from nucleate boiling ratio (DNBR) calculations. In order to perform DNBR in-house analyses, Virginia Power acquired the COBRA IIIc/MIT thermal-hydraulic (T/H) code in the mid-1970s. The COBRA code is used primarily to evaluate reload core designs. Additional applications include peaking factor evaluation and may include transient reanalysis. More recently, in an effort gain DNBR margin by taking credit for excessive conservatism in the methodology for treating key uncertainties, Virginia Power submitted a topical report that described a proposed statistical combination of those uncertainties. In an alternate approach to gain DNBR margin, Virginia Power submitted a topical report that describes the qualification of the proprietary WRB-1 DNBR correlation in COBRA. These reports have been combined in a recent North Anna submittal. The margin gain was used to support reanalysis of key DNBR events with more conservative assumptions, thus reducing the likelihood of future reload violations. Upon NRC approval, this submittal will greatly streamline the reload verification process, while providing core design flexibility and relaxing operational restrictions for North Anna.

  10. An Overview of Library Networking in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hubbard, William J., Ed.

    Intended to provide background information for a special advisory commission created by the state legislature to study the desirability of a state library networking system, this series of 12 papers prepared by the staff librarians of the Virginia State Library summarizes the workings of various network programs, techniques for implementing them,…

  11. State Education Finance and Governance Profile: Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the state education finance and governance profile of Virginia. The state allocates K-12 education funds on a biennial basis. Supplements and rescissions to the original funding amount are made on an annual basis in order to correct for revenue growth or deficit. The state budget currently provides more than $5 billion to…

  12. The Virginia Plan for Higher Education, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Council of Higher Education, Richmond.

    The Council of Higher Education, in this state-mandated biennial plan, sets four goals for Virginia's state-supported system of higher education to achieve: access, excellence, accountability, and placement among the best systems of higher education in the United States. The plan concentrates on the 84 degree-granting institutions that have been…

  13. University of Virginia Reactor Facility Decommissioning Results

    SciTech Connect

    Ervin, P. F.; Lundberg, L. A.; Benneche, P. E.; Mulder, R. U.; Steva, D. P.

    2003-02-24

    The University of Virginia Reactor Facility started accelerated decommissioning in 2002. The facility consists of two licensed reactors, the CAVALIER and the UVAR. This paper will describe the progress in 2002, remaining efforts and the unique organizational structure of the project team.

  14. KIDS COUNT in Virginia: 1999 Data Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Action Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth, Richmond.

    This Kids Count data book examines statewide trends in the well-being of Virginia's children. The statistical portrait is based on five general areas of children's well being: health, safety, education, families, and economic factors. Key indicators in these five areas include: (1) prenatal care rates; (2) low birthweight; (3) child deaths; (4)…

  15. West Virginia U. Violated Procedures, Panel Says

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fain, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Administrators at West Virginia University violated procedures and displayed poor judgment in their "seriously flawed" response to an inquiry about a high-profile academic transcript, according to a report issued last week by an independent panel. The harshly worded report found that when the "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette" raised…

  16. Apatite fission-track thermochronology of the southern Appalachian Basin: Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Roden, M.K. )

    1991-01-01

    Apatite fission-track apparent ages (246 {plus minus} 37 to 95 {plus minus} 18 Ma) for 26 samples of upper Devonian (Hampshire and Chemung Formations) and middle Devonian age (Tioga Ash Bed) from the southern Appalachian Basin of Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia, along with confined track length distributions for 13 of these samples, suggest that uplift was contemporaneous with Triassic-Jurassic extension along the Atlantic continental margin. Uplift, as measured by apatite fission-track analysis, began earliest in the northwestern section on the Cumberland Plateau at {approximately}225 {plus minus} 25 Ma. This area probably required the least amount of erosional unroofing ({approximately}3.1 km). Samples from the Valley and Ridge Province of northern West Virginia, Virginia, and Maryland yield progressively younger apatite fission-track apparent ages to the east (ranging from 163 {plus minus} 10 to 95 {plus minus} 18 Ma). This is consistent with deeper burial in the eastern Appalachian Basin as indicated by increasing CAI indices and geodynamic modeling. The southwestern Virginia samples yield a mean apatite fission-track apparent age of 176 {plus minus} 11 Ma, which agrees with the Middle Jurassic apatite fission-track ages to the north.

  17. SSN 774 Virginia Class Submarine (SSN 774)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    Selected Acquisition Report (SAR) RCS: DD-A&T(Q&A)823-516 SSN 774 Virginia Class Submarine (SSN 774) As of FY 2017 President’s Budget Defense...Estimate RDT&E - Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation SAR - Selected Acquisition Report SCP - Service Cost Position TBD - To Be Determined TY...including three Extended Drydocking Selected Restricted Availabilities (EDSRAs) and one Depot Maintenance Period (DMP) scheduled and planned

  18. Fort Myer, Virginia: Historic Landscape Inventory.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-06-01

    the Martin Luther King , Jr. Public Library, the Virginia Room of the Arlington Library. Other important sources at Fort Myer itself include the Third...Myer, 1909 ( Martin Luther King , Jr. Library, Washington, DC, Washingtoniana Room). 57 Figure 26. Equestrian excellence at Fort Myer in the 1920s...U.S. Army Posts 1925). 58 Figure 27. The Machine Gun Troop of the Tenth Cavalry on Summerall Field, 1931 ( Martin Luther King , Jr. Library, Washington

  19. Evaluating terrestrial carbon sequestration options for Virginia.

    PubMed

    Galang, Jeffrey S; Zipper, Carl E; Prisley, Stephen P; Galbraith, John M; Donovan, Patricia F

    2007-02-01

    Changes in forest and agricultural land management practices have the potential to increase carbon (C) storage by terrestrial systems, thus offsetting C emissions to the atmosphere from energy production. This study assesses that potential for three terrestrial management practices within the state of Virginia, USA: afforestation of marginal agricultural lands; afforestation of riparian agricultural lands; and changing tillage practices for row crops; each was evaluated on a statewide basis and for seven regions within the state. Lands eligible for each practice were identified, and the C storage potential of each practice on those lands was estimated through a modeling procedure that utilized land-resource characteristics represented in Geographic Information System databases. Marginal agricultural lands' afforestation was found to have the greatest potential (1.4 Tg C yr(-1), on average, over the first 20 years) if applied on all eligible lands, followed by riparian afforestation (0.2 Tg C yr(-1) over 20 years) and tillage conversion (0.1 Tg C yr(-1) over 14 years). The regions with the largest potentials are the Ridge and Valley of western Virginia (due to extensive areas of steep, shallow soils) and in the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain in eastern Virginia (wet soils). Although widespread and rapid implementation of the three modeled practices could be expected to offset only about 3.4% of Virginia's energy-related CO(2) emissions over the following 20 years (equivalent to about 8.5% of a Kyoto Treaty-based target), they could contribute to achievement of C-management goals if implemented along with other mitigation measures.

  20. House dust mites in Williamsburg, Virginia.

    PubMed

    Lassiter, M T; Fashing, N J

    1990-04-01

    House dust allergy is a common medical ailment. It has been well established that mites of the genus Dermatophagoides (house dust mites) are an important source of allergens and that mite counts greater than 300 per gram of dust are associated with symptoms of asthma. A survey of 22 houses in Williamsburg, Virginia, during the month of August revealed that all had mite populations exceeding this number. This may explain in part the high incidence of allergy in the Williamsburg area.

  1. 78 FR 54178 - Virginia: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-03

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 271 Virginia: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program..., Virginia received final authorization to implement its hazardous waste management program effective... the analogous Federal requirements. The Virginia Waste Management Act (VWMA), enacted by the...

  2. 76 FR 64823 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ...; Transportation Conformity Regulations AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Direct final rule...) submitted by the Commonwealth of Virginia. This revision establishes Virginia's transportation conformity... conformity determinations in the Commonwealth of Virginia. EPA is approving these revisions in...

  3. Changing health professions education in West Virginia.

    PubMed

    Carlton, B; Weston, W D

    1997-02-01

    The education of students in medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and dentistry in the seven health professions schools of the University System of West Virginia has undergone remarkable changes since 1991 to become more responsive to community needs. The changes have also enabled the schools to remain in sync with other anticipated changes in health care delivery. A primary care, community-based academic system has been developed, and students, campus-based faculty, community-based field professors, and lay community members collaborate to identify and resolve problems important to the communities located in the 42 counties designated Under-served Health Professions Service areas, and five additional rural counties. The system is governed by a board consisting of a majority of community members not employed by the health care system, and the deans of the seven health professions school; all members function as equals in reaching decisions. In the new system, all health professions students in the University System of West Virginia are required to complete a rural rotation of 12 weeks. The five-years demonstration project that began the new system started in 1991 with four rural sites. By 1996, the system had expanded greatly and consisted of 13 consortia of communities with a total of over 100 rural primary care centers plus several small rural hospitals, public health departments, and other health and social services agencies. The 1996 West Virginia legislature approved funds for the higher education budget that will support and sustain this primary care, community-based academic system.

  4. Peak-flow characteristics of Virginia streams

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Austin, Samuel H.; Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Wiegand, Ute

    2011-01-01

    Peak-flow annual exceedance probabilities, also called probability-percent chance flow estimates, and regional regression equations are provided describing the peak-flow characteristics of Virginia streams. Statistical methods are used to evaluate peak-flow data. Analysis of Virginia peak-flow data collected from 1895 through 2007 is summarized. Methods are provided for estimating unregulated peak flow of gaged and ungaged streams. Station peak-flow characteristics identified by fitting the logarithms of annual peak flows to a Log Pearson Type III frequency distribution yield annual exceedance probabilities of 0.5, 0.4292, 0.2, 0.1, 0.04, 0.02, 0.01, 0.005, and 0.002 for 476 streamgaging stations. Stream basin characteristics computed using spatial data and a geographic information system are used as explanatory variables in regional regression model equations for six physiographic regions to estimate regional annual exceedance probabilities at gaged and ungaged sites. Weighted peak-flow values that combine annual exceedance probabilities computed from gaging station data and from regional regression equations provide improved peak-flow estimates. Text, figures, and lists are provided summarizing selected peak-flow sites, delineated physiographic regions, peak-flow estimates, basin characteristics, regional regression model equations, error estimates, definitions, data sources, and candidate regression model equations. This study supersedes previous studies of peak flows in Virginia.

  5. Idiocy in Virginia, 1616-1860.

    PubMed

    Wickham, Parnel

    2006-01-01

    Like the English, Virginians tended to think that idiocy, a condition analogous to intellectual disability in the twenty-first century, was congenital, untreatable, and incurable, and they adopted legal remedies that corresponded closely to the laws of England. In addition, concepts of idiocy reflected some of the unique aspects of Virginia's social system, which was dominated by a coterie of powerful men. With a need to preserve social order and maintain decorum, the Virginia legislature established in 1769 the Eastern State Hospital to house unruly and objectionable people who were mentally disabled. Although idiots were among the hospital's first patients, they were eventually banished due to their presumed failure to respond to treatment. The social stigma attached to idiocy extended from Virginia's city streets and jails to the private homes of prominent families. Personal reticence regarding shameful family matters hid the identity of people thought to be intellectually disabled. Even Thomas Jefferson, a prolific author, entered only cryptic notes about the limitations of his sister, Elizabeth. In summary, Virginians' response to idiocy suggests a two-tiered approach: public disclosure and disdain of poor and dependent people with intellectual disabilities, and silent avoidance of the problem in prominent families. In both situations, idiocy represented images of shame and humiliation that threatened the social order.

  6. Hydrogeologic framework of the Virginia coastal plain

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Meng, Andrew A.; Harsh, John F.

    1988-01-01

    This report defines the hydrogeologic framework of the Virginia Coastal Plain and is a product of a comprehensive regional study to define the geology, hydrology, and geochemistry of the northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system extending from North Carolina to Long Island, New York. The Virginia Coastal Plain consists of an eastward-thickening wedge of generally unconsolidated, interbedded sands and clays, ranging in age from Early Cretaceous to Holocene. These sediments range in thickness from more than 6,000 feet beneath the northeastern part of the Eastern Shore Peninsula to nearly 0 feet along the Fall Line. Eight confined aquifers, eight confining units, and an uppermost water table aquifer are delineated as the hydrogeologic framework of the Coastal Plain sediments in Virginia. The nine regional aquifers, from oldest to youngest, are lower, middle, and upper Potomac, Brightseat, Aquia, Chickahominy-Piney Point, St. Marys-Choptank, Yorktown-Eastover, and Columbia. The Brightseat is a newly identified and correlated aquifer of early Paleoceneage. This study is one of other, similar studies of the Coastal Plain areas in North Carolina, Maryland-Delaware, New Jersey, and Long Island, New York. These combined studies provide a system of hydrogeologic units that can be identified and correlated throughout the northern Atlantic Coastal Plain. Data for this study were collected and analyzed from October 1979 to May 1983. The nine aquifers and eight confining units are identified and delineated by use of geophysical logs, drillers' information, and stratigraphic and paleontologic data. By correlating geophysical logs with hydrologic, stratigraphic, and paleontologic data throughout the Coastal Plain, a comprehensive multilayered framework of aquifers and confining units, each with distinct lithologic properties, was developed. Cross sections show the stratigraphic relationships of aquifers and confining units in the hydrogeologic framework of the Virginia

  7. Environmental problems in the coastal and wetlands ecosystems of Virginia Beach, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Buzzanell, Peter J.; McGinty, Herbert K.

    1975-01-01

    Many of the city of Virginia Beach's beach stabilization and sewage disposal problems are the result of an inadequate understanding of the physical and biological systems. Influenced by population and economic pressures, natural systems were artificially stabilized by engineering projects that had to be constantly maintained. These same pressures continue to prevail today in spite of a new environmental awareness; changes are occurring very slowly. Furthermore, the lack of adequate sewage disposal facilities and the continued urbanization of inappropriate areas are threatening Virginia Beach's attractiveness as a resort area.

  8. Advancing Virginia: Access, Alignment, Investment. The 2007-13 Strategic Plan for Higher Education in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Council of Higher Education for Virginia, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Despite many accomplishments and a widely-praised system, there remain significant challenges to address in higher education in Virginia: (1) Although the state performs well in six-year graduation rates for bachelor degree programs, graduation rates at specific four-year institutions range from the very high end of the spectrum to the very low;…

  9. West Virginia Digital Learning: Report to the Governor, Legislature, and West Virginia Board of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Accomplishing personalized, deeper learning through anywhere, anytime digital learning requires a redesign of the K-12 education system. This report looks at readiness for digital learning at two levels in West Virginia: the district capacity building to ready the system for digital learning and school implementation of digital learning. The…

  10. Geologic map of the White Hall quadrangle, Frederick County, Virginia, and Berkeley County, West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Doctor, Daniel H.; Orndorff, Randall C.; Parker, Ronald A.; Weary, David J.; Repetski, John E.

    2010-01-01

    The White Hall 7.5-minute quadrangle is located within the Valley and Ridge province of northern Virginia and the eastern panhandle of West Virginia. The quadrangle is one of several being mapped to investigate the geologic framework and groundwater resources of Frederick County, Va., as well as other areas in the northern Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and West Virginia. All exposed bedrock outcrops are clastic and carbonate strata of Paleozoic age ranging from Middle Cambrian to Late Devonian. Surficial materials include unconsolidated alluvium, colluvium, and terrace deposits of Quaternary age, and local paleo-terrace deposits possibly of Tertiary age. The quadrangle lies across the northeast plunge of the Great North Mountain anticlinorium and includes several other regional folds. The North Mountain fault zone cuts through the eastern part of the quadrangle; it is a series of thrust faults generally oriented northeast-southwest that separate the Silurian and Devonian clastic rocks from the Cambrian and Ordovician carbonate rocks and shales. Karst development in the quadrangle occurs in all of the carbonate rocks. Springs occur mainly near or on faults. Sinkholes occur within all of the carbonate rock units, especially where the rocks have undergone locally intensified deformation through folding, faulting, or some combination.

  11. A Virginia Tech MFT Ethics Class Reflects on the Shootings at Virginia Tech

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piercy, Fred; Banker, Jamie; Traylor, Ryan; Krug, Sarah; Castanos, Carolina; Cole, Elise; Ciafardini, Anthony J.; Jordal, Christian; Rodgers, Brandon; Stewart, Shelley; Goodwin, Annabelle

    2008-01-01

    The authors of this article include the professor and most of the students in a doctoral course on marriage and family therapy ethical and professional issues that met the semester that a disturbed student shot and killed 32 Virginia Tech students and faculty before killing himself. In this article, we reflect through short essays on issues…

  12. 77 FR 5400 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Amendments to Virginia's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-03

    ... to Virginia's Regulation Regarding the Sulfur Dioxide National Ambient Air Quality Standard AGENCY... (NAAQS) for sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ). This action is being taken under the Clean Air Act (CAA). DATES..., Incorporation by reference, Sulfur oxides. Dated: January 17, 2012. W.C. Early, Acting Regional...

  13. 76 FR 63859 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Amendments to Virginia's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-14

    ... to Virginia's Regulation Regarding the Sulfur Dioxide National Ambient Air Quality Standard AGENCY... standard (NAAQS) for sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ). This action is being taken under the Clean Air Act (CAA... recordkeeping requirements, Sulfur oxides. Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq. Dated: October 3, 2011. W.C....

  14. Virginia/United States Government Program of Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fairfax County Public Schools, VA. Dept. of Instructional Services.

    This Program of Studies (POS) outlines the Fairfax County (Virginia) instructional program for the subject area of Virginia/United States government. Noting that it has long been recognized since the founding of the nation that the general education of society has, at its core, a "civic mission," the POS aims to educate students about…

  15. Directory of Academic Library Instruction Programs in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newins, Nancy, Ed.

    In January 1989, the Library Instruction Forum of the Virginia Library Association sent a two-page questionnaire to each of the 82 academic libraries in Virginia to obtain information on current bibliographic instruction activities within the state. Designed to encourage cooperative development of new instructional programs and techniques and…

  16. Virginia Tech Weighs Hundreds of Recommendations and Acts on Some

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Karin

    2008-01-01

    Three reports on last April's shootings left Virginia Tech under a mountain of recommendations--roughly 400 in all. So far the university has dealt with some of the most significant ones. Virginia Tech established an emergency-notification system, created a team to assess at-risk students and employees, and hired additional police officers and…

  17. 1. Photocopy of map (from The Virginia Springs, and the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Photocopy of map (from The Virginia Springs, and the Springs of the South and West by Moorman) No date 'MAP OF ROUTES AND DISTANCES TO THE VIRGINIA SPRINGS' - White Sulphur Springs, U.S. Route 60, White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier County, WV

  18. 27 CFR 9.135 - Virginia's Eastern Shore.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... “Virginia's Eastern Shore.” (b) Approved maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of the “Virginia's Eastern Shore” viticultural area are 3 U.S.G.S. Quadrangle (1:250,000 Series) maps. They are... Greenbackville on the Salisbury, MD., U.S.G.S. map; (2) From the beginning point, the boundary follows...

  19. Changing Characteristics of the West Virginia Population: 1940-1970.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Richard D.; Singh, Ram N.

    West Virginia's population history from 1940 to 1970 was traced in this paper. Data were collected to illustrate (1) population size, distribution, and composition for West Virginia and its rural and urban subunits and (2) the changing fertility pattern which occurred during this period. Whenever possible, comparisons between West Virginia…

  20. Connecting the Dots: Lessons from the Virginia Tech Shootings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Gordon K.

    2008-01-01

    The shootings that took place last spring on the campus of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, located in Blacksburg, Virginia, elicited a host of reactions, many deeply emotional. In groups of college and university presidents, the response was generally empathetic. Indeed, they were right to be put on alert by the random and…

  1. West Virginia's Environmental Council: Birth of a Citizen Coalition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wimmer, Mary J.

    1995-01-01

    West Virginia's strong environmental legislation is due to the efforts of the West Virginia Environmental Council. The history of the statewide coalition is presented, as well as organizational aspects that make the council successful, such as loose structure based on consensus, and respect for all the different shades of green comprising the…

  2. State-Wide Pattern of Higher Education in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, James R.

    This report discusses higher education in the State of Virginia as it relates to some economic and social factors, and maps the distribution of colleges and universities in the state. A 2% standard, based on the fact that Virginia has 2.2% of the total national population, is used to measure the state's relationship to the US as a whole. In areas…

  3. College and University Student Migration: The Case of Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lankford, Francis G., Jr.; Taylor, Alton L.

    1971-01-01

    The migration patterns of college and university students in Virginia are described in relation to other states, public and private institutions, male and female students, student educational level, the migration deficit, and future migration patterns. Based on 1968 statistics the out-migration of Virginia students exceeds the in-migration of…

  4. Virginia Board of Education Student Code of Conduct Policy Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Virginia Board of Education's "Student Conduct Policy Guidelines" were first developed in 1994 in response to action by the 1993 General Assembly requiring the Virginia Board of Education to establish such guidelines. In 2004, the "Guidelines" underwent a major revision in response to requirements of § 22.1-279.6. of the…

  5. Virginia Tech Researchers Study Effects of Shootings on Their Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gravois, John

    2008-01-01

    This article reports how researchers at Virginia Tech, working in a variety of disciplines, are studying the long-term effects of the campus killings 10 months ago. After the killings, administrators at Virginia Tech realized that their normal institutional-review process for research proposals was not sufficient to deal with the likely onslaught…

  6. Emancipated Foster Youth's Transition from Care to Virginia Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Shylan E.

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this study was the experience of students who had successfully achieved the transition from foster care to enrollment in Virginia Community Colleges. The following questions guided the inquiry: How do students who are emancipating from foster care describe their transition to enrollment at one of the Virginia Community Colleges? What…

  7. Framework for Education in the Middle School Grades in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond.

    This publication replaces the "Guidelines for Middle Schools in Virginia," which were published in 1978-79. The document describes desirable educational practices for early adolescents. It applies to grades 6, 7, and 8 in all Virginia schools, and contains 22 specific recommendations for implementation. Sections describe the…

  8. 77 FR 1547 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00040

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-10

    ... Only for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA--4042-DR), dated 11/10/2011. Incident: Earthquake. Incident Period: 08/23/2011 through 10/25/2011. Effective Date: 12/28/2011. Physical Loan Application Deadline... Non-Profit organizations in the Commonwealth of Virginia, dated 11/10/2011, is hereby amended...

  9. 77 FR 7229 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00037

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ... Virginia (FEMA-4042-DR), dated 11/04/2011. Incident: Earthquake. Incident Period: 08/23/2011 through 10/25/2011. Effective Date: 02/01/2012. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 03/05/2012. EIDL Loan... disaster declaration for the Commonwealth of Virginia, dated 11/04/2011 is hereby amended to include...

  10. 76 FR 74837 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00040

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-01

    ... Only for the State of Virginia (FEMA-4042-DR), dated 11/10/2011. Incident: Earthquake. Incident Period: 08/23/2011 through 10/25/2011. ] Effective Date: 11/18/2011. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date... non-profit organizations in the State of Virginia, dated 11/10/2011, is hereby amended to include...

  11. 76 FR 78957 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00040

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-20

    ... Only for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA--4042--DR), dated 11/10/2011. Incident: Earthquake. Incident Period: 08/23/2011 through 10/25/2011. Effective Date: 12/06/2011. Physical Loan Application... Private Non-Profit organizations in the Commonwealth of Virginia, dated 11/10/2011, is hereby amended...

  12. Regulations Establishing Standards for Accrediting Public Schools in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of public education in Virginia is to provide children with a quality education giving them opportunities to meet their fullest potential in life. Standards for the accreditation of public schools in Virginia are designed to ensure that an effective educational program is established and maintained in the state public school system.…

  13. Changing Job Skills in Virginia. The Employer's View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Julia H.; Tolson, Donna J.

    This report organizes findings of an exploration of changing job skills in Virginia which combined the points of view of various analysts with information provided by employers. Part One contains some background material: a brief history of occupations in Virginia, a description of recent trends, an explanation of the mechanisms that bring about…

  14. Energy Information Transfer in Virginia. A Planning Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickin, Patricia

    The Virginia Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer was held in Richmond in February 1978 to elicit suggestions on how to make Virginians aware of libraries as sources of energy information and how Virginia libraries can keep their energy materials and reference services up to date. A summary of this planning session and a…

  15. Rickettsia parkeri in Gulf Coast Ticks, Southeastern Virginia, USA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    DE, Nicholson WL, Turner RT. Borrelia burgdorferi in ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) from coastal Virginia. J Med Entomol. 1991;28:668–74. 7. Sonenshine D...Sonenshine DE, Ratzlaff RE, Troyer J, Demmerle S, Demmerle ER, Austin WE, et al. Borrelia burgdorferi in eastern Virginia: compar- ison between a coastal and

  16. Virginia Governor Warner Takes School Lessons to the National Stage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richard, Alan

    2005-01-01

    Debating his Republican opponent for governor of Virginia in October 2001, about all that Mark Warner, a businessman and Democratic Party activist, could muster to say on K-12 education was that history questions on Virginia's standardized tests might need some tweaking. In this article, the author discusses how Warner, now the governor of…

  17. Toward Affordability: Policy Recommendations for Virginia Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Council of Higher Education for Virginia, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In its 2007-13 strategic plan, Advancing Virginia: Access, Alignment, Investment, the State Council highlighted 12 strategic higher education initiatives that it believed were necessary to ensure Virginia's future. Key among these goals was improvement of the affordability of a college education in the Commonwealth. Recent events have reinforced…

  18. Virginia Tech Was Slow to Respond to Gunman, Panel Finds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Karin; Wilson, Robin

    2007-01-01

    This article reports on the findings of the state panel on the Virginia Tech massacre. A state panel that investigated last spring's massacre at Virginia Tech has issued a harshly worded report that says the university erred in the way it handled a mentally disabled student who became a killer and in how it dealt with the immediate aftermath of…

  19. Asiatic clam (Corbicula manilensis) and other foods used by waterfowl in the James River, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Perry, M.C.; Uhler, F.M.

    1981-01-01

    Corbicula manilensis was found in the gizzards of 24 ducks of 5 species taken from the James River, Virginia, between 1973 and 1976. Percent average volume in these species ranged from trace to 6%. This is the first known occurrence of this exotic clam in the food of duck in Chesapeake Bay. A total of 135 other food items was identified from the 116 gizzards of 9 species that were examined. Food that predominated included Cyperus spp., Leersia oryzoides, Polygonum spp., and Zea mays. The great diversity of food consumed in this fresh tidal section of the James River indicates the high value of these wetlands to waterfowl.

  20. Obituary: Jeannette Virginia Lincoln, 1915-2003

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coffey, Helen E.

    2004-12-01

    J. (Jeannette) Virginia Lincoln died on 1 August 2003 of natural causes at age 87. She was a pioneer in space weather forecasting and was instrumental in establishing the World Data Center-A for Solar-Terrestrial Physics (WDC-A for STP) at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC). Lincoln received a U.S. Department of Commerce Gold Medal for Distinguished Service in 1973 for outstanding accomplishments and leadership. She was elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a Fellow of the Society of Women Engineers. A physicist, she served as Division Chief of the Solar-Terrestrial Physics Division (STPD) and Director of WDC-A for STP from 1966 until her retirement in 1980. Virginia was born on Labor Day, 7 September 1915, in Ames, Iowa, to Rush B. Lincoln and Jeannette Bartholomew Lincoln. Her father, Rush B. Lincoln (b. 1881, d. 1977 at age 95), served as a Major General in the U.S. Air Force. He was a direct descendant of the brother of President Abraham Lincoln. Her mother Jeannette Bartholomew Lincoln (d. 1986 at age 104) taught Chemistry at Iowa State University. Her brother, Rush B. Lincoln, Jr. (d. 2002), was five years older. Her grandfather Lincoln fought in the Civil War as a Confederate Captain. Virginia was immersed in military life and continued many contacts and visited military installations throughout her life. Her parents lived with her until their deaths. She enjoyed the perks of being a General's daughter, actively participating in her parent's lives, and served as caregiver in their declining years. Influenced by her Army background, she developed a strong assertive personality and good problem-solving capabilities. She received a bachelor's degree in physics from Wellesley College in 1936 and a master's degree from Iowa State University in 1938. She was an instructor in household equipment at Iowa State from

  1. Seduction and revenge in Virginia Woolf's Orlando.

    PubMed

    McNamara, Susan

    2011-07-01

    Virginia Woolf's Orlando was characterized by Nigel Nicolson as a "charming love letter" to his mother, Vita Sackville-West. The fictional biography was actually an attempt by Woolf to organize herself after the unbearable humiliation of Vita's abandoning her for another woman. In imagining, writing, and publishing Orlando, Woolf turns her despair about Vita's betrayal into a monument of revenge, defending against disorganizing feelings of humiliation, powerlessness, rage, and loss by creating her own scathing portrait of Vita. In the novel, Woolf also intermittently merges herself with Orlando/Vita to create a permanent tie to the woman who--like her mother and sister--excited and rejected her.

  2. Carbofuran affects wildlife on Virginia corn fields

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stinson, E.R.; Hayes, L.E.; Bush, P.B.; White, D.H.

    1994-01-01

    Forty-four Virginia corn fields on 11 farms were searched for evidence of dead or debilitated wildlife following in-furrow application of granular carbofuran (Furadan 15G) during April and May 1991. Evidence of pesticide poisoned wildlife, including dead animals, debilitated animals, feather spots, and fur spots was found on 33 fields on 10 farms. Carcasses of 61 birds, 4 mammals, and 1 reptile were recovered. Anticholinesterase poisoning was confirmed or suspected as the cause of most wildlife deaths based on the circumstances surrounding kills, necropsies of Carcasses, residue analyses, and brain ChE assays.

  3. Developing Nationally Competitive NASA Research Capability in West Virginia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Calzonetti, Frank J.

    1997-01-01

    In May, 1995 West Virginia EPSCOR was awarded $150,000 to support activities to develop research capabilities in West Virginia in support of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). These funds were used to support three projects: 1) Information Processing and the Earth Observing System, directed by Dr. Stuart Tewksbury of West Virginia University; 2) Development of Optical Materials for Atmospheric Sensing Experiments, directed by Dr. Nancy Giles of West Virginia University; and 3) Development of Doppler Global Velocimeter (DGV) for Aeronautical and Combustion Studies, directed by Dr. John Kuhlman of West Virginia University. The funding provides the means to develop capability in each of these areas. This report summarizes the technical accomplishments in each project supported under this award.

  4. The Virginia Plan for Drug-Free Schools. Report to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Crime Commission, Richmond.

    It was requested that the Virginia Crime Commission develop a plan for drug-free schools that could be distributed to Virginia's local education agencies. Meetings were held to examine the key issues relating to developing drug-free environments in the public schools. Four issues were identified as critical to reducing the availability of drugs in…

  5. Contexts and Conditions of Public K-12 Education in Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia: A Descriptive Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jerry

    2010-01-01

    This descriptive report is part of a broader project collecting, organizing, and analyzing multiple sources of data from the four-state REL Appalachia region, comprised of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. The purposes of that broader project are: (1) to increase awareness of and understanding about critical education issues in the…

  6. Silurian and Lower Devonian of southwestern Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Dennison, J.M.

    1984-12-01

    Thermal maturity of the Silurian and Lower Devonian rocks in Virginia west of New River decreases southwestward. Oil and gas shows are reported. The total thickness of Lower Devonian plus Silurian strata ranges from 52 to 1000 ft (16 to 305 m), with a maximum in Buchanan County. Sandstones were derived from sources southeast of the central Appalachian basin, some from lands southeast of the outcrop belt, and some formed by reworking of sandstones within the outcrop areas. Sandstones change northwestward to shales in the Clinch and Rose Hill Formations. In the Middle Silurian and Helderberg Group, sandstones grade northwestward to limestones. Limestones in the Hancock Formation change westward to dolomite. The Onesquethaw Stage is represented by sandstone, chert, and limestone assigned to the Wildcat Valley and Huntersville Formations. In the Middle Silurian (Keefer or Big Six sandstone) and Early Devonian (Wildcat Valley Sandstone), longshore currents carried sand across the southwest end of the basin toward Kentucky. Several regional unconformities are present. These unconformities are mostly related to sea level changes, but some are probably tectonic in origin. Five unconformities are significant: 1) at base of Silurian, 2) at base of upper Helderberg over much of the area, 3) at base of Oriskany Sandstone, 4) at base of Huntersville Formation, and 5) at base of Upper Devonian black shales in extreme western Virginia, where Chattanooga Shale overlies middle Devonian to Middle Silurian strata.

  7. Virginia Woolf, neuroprogression, and bipolar disorder.

    PubMed

    Boeira, Manuela V; Berni, Gabriela de Á; Passos, Ives C; Kauer-Sant'Anna, Márcia; Kapczinski, Flávio

    2017-01-01

    Family history and traumatic experiences are factors linked to bipolar disorder. It is known that the lifetime risk of bipolar disorder in relatives of a bipolar proband are 5-10% for first degree relatives and 40-70% for monozygotic co-twins. It is also known that patients with early childhood trauma present earlier onset of bipolar disorder, increased number of manic episodes, and more suicide attempts. We have recently reported that childhood trauma partly mediates the effect of family history on bipolar disorder diagnosis. In light of these findings from the scientific literature, we reviewed the work of British writer Virginia Woolf, who allegedly suffered from bipolar disorder. Her disorder was strongly related to her family background. Moreover, Virginia Woolf was sexually molested by her half siblings for nine years. Her bipolar disorder symptoms presented a pernicious course, associated with hospitalizations, suicidal behavioral, and functional impairment. The concept of neuroprogression has been used to explain the clinical deterioration that takes places in a subgroup of bipolar disorder patients. The examination of Virgina Woolf's biography and art can provide clinicians with important insights about the course of bipolar disorder.

  8. Monitoring Radio Frequency Interference in Southwest Virginia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rapp, Steve

    2010-01-01

    The radio signals received from astronomical objects are extremely weak. Because of this, radio sources are easily shrouded by interference from devices such as satellites and cell phone towers. Radio astronomy is very susceptible to this radio frequency interference (RFI). Possibly even worse than complete veiling, weaker interfering signals can contaminate the data collected by radio telescopes, possibly leading astronomers to mistaken interpretations. To help promote student awareness of the connection between radio astronomy and RFI, an inquiry-based science curriculum was developed to allow high school students to determine RFI levels in their communities. The Quiet Skies Project_the result of a collaboration between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO)_encourages students to collect and analyze RFI data and develop conclusions as a team. Because the project focuses on electromagnetic radiation, it is appropriate for physics, physical science, chemistry, or general science classes. My class-about 50 students from 15 southwest Virginia high schools-participated in the Quiet Skies Project and were pioneers in the use of the beta version of the Quiet Skies Detector (QSD), which is used to detect RFI. Students have been involved with the project since 2005 and have collected and shared data with NRAO. In analyzing the data they have noted some trends in RFI in Southwest Virginia.

  9. 77 FR 44205 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Removal of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-27

    ... Administrative Requirements From the Regulation for the Control of Motor Vehicle Emissions in Northern Virginia... Virginia. This revision removes four internal State administrative requirements from the Virginia SIP regulations for the control of motor vehicle emissions in the Northern Virginia Area. In the Final...

  10. Aquifer-characteristics data for West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kozar, Mark D.; Mathes, Melvin V.

    2001-01-01

    Specific-capacity, storage-coefficient, and specific-yield data for wells in West Virginia were compiled to provide a data set from which transmissivity could be estimated. This data can be used for analytical and mathematical groundwater flow modeling. Analysis of available storage-coefficient and (or) specific-yield data indicates the Ohio River alluvial aquifer has a median specific yield of 0.20, which is characteristic of an unconfined aquifer. The Kanawha River alluvial aquifer has a median specific yield of 0.003, which is characteristic of a semi-confined aquifer. The median storage coefficient of fractured-bedrock aquifers is only 0.007, which is characteristic of confined aquifers. The highest median transmissivity of a specific aquifer in West Virginia occurs in Ohio River alluvium (4,800 ft2/d); the second highest occurs in Kanawha River alluvium (1,600 ft2/d). The lowest median transmissivity (23 ft2/d) is for the McKenzie-Rose Hill-Tuscarora aquifer. Rocks of Cambrian age within the Waynesboro-Tomstown-Harpers-Weverton-Loudon aquifer had a low median transmissivity of only 67 ft2/d. Other aquifers with low transmissivities include the Hampshire Formation, Brallier-Harrell Formations, Mahantango Formations, Oriskany Sandstone, and the Conococheague Formation with median transmissivities of 74, 72, 92, 82, and 92 ft2/d, respectively. All other aquifers within the State had intermediate values of transmissivity (130-920 ft2/d). The highest median transmissivities among bedrock aquifers were those for aquifers within the Pennsylvanian age Pocahontas Formation (1,200 ft2/d) and Pottsville Group (1,300 ft2/d), and the Mississippian age Mauch Chunk Group (1,300 ft2/d). These rocks crop out primarily in the southern part of the State and to a lesser extent within the Valley and Ridge Physiographic Province in West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle. The highest mean annual ground-water recharge rates within West Virginia (24.6 in.) occur within a band that extends

  11. Geology of North Mountain in eastern West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Dean, S.L. . Dept. of Geology); Lessing, P. ); Kulander, B.R. . Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1994-03-01

    The North Mountain fault is one of the largest overthrusts in the folded Appalachian mountain belt and serves as the boundary between the detached Massanutten-Blue Ridge overthrust sheet (i.e. Great Valley and Blue Ridge) and Valley and Ridge fold structures in eastern West Virginia, northwestern Virginia, west-central maryland and south-central Pennsylvania. Past work has shown the sedimentary rock section on North Mountain and immediately west of the North Mountain fault to consist of an overturned sequence of Upper Ordovician to Middle Devonian strata, with a break thrust on the west side of North Mountain, placing Silurian formations against Devonian strata. Recent 1:24,000 scale mapping by the West Virginia Geological Survey has delineated this break thrust and its continuity from Maryland, through West Virginia and into Frederick County, Virginia. This previously unnamed structure, designated Back Creek fault, formed as a footwall splay from the North Mountain fault complex. The structure of North Mountain is a horse, bounded by the North Mountain fault complex in the Great Valley to the east and Back Creek fault on the west side of North Mountain. The overturned stratigraphic sequence on North Mountain reverses dip on the western flank of the mountain just east of Back Creek in Berkeley County, West Virginia, creating Back Creek syncline. This structure is a classic fault propagation fold, formed by the emplacement of North Mountain fault and extending from Maryland into Frederick County, Virginia.

  12. Hardened Water Deluge System for Melt/Pour Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-08-01

    Kingsport , Tennessee 37662 Commander Iowa Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARIO-A 1 Middletown, Iowa 52638 77 DISTRIBUTION LIST (concluded) No...Commander Milan Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARMI-S 1 Milan, Tennessee 38358 Commander Radford Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARRA-IE 2 Radford, Virginia...24141 Commander Badger Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARBA 2 Baraboo, Wisconsin 53913

  13. Analyses and descriptions of geochemical samples, Mountain Lake Wilderness Study Area, Virginia and West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mei, Leung; Fletcher, J.D.; Rait, Norma; Lesure, F.G.

    1978-01-01

    Semiquantitative emission spectrographic analyses for 64 elements on 95 stream sediment and 122 rock samples from Mountain Lake Wilderness Study Area, Giles and Craig Counties, Virginia and Monroe County, West Virginia, are reported here in detail. Locations for all samples are in Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) coordinates. Brief descriptions of rock samples are also included. Rocks analysed are mostly sandstone. Samples of hematitic sandstone of the Rose Hill Formation and limonite-cemented sandstone of the Rocky Gap Sandstone contain high values of iron; these rocks are submarginal iron resources. Some of these iron-rich samples have a little more barium, copper, cobalt, lead, silver, and/or zinc than in average sandstone, but they do not suggest the presence of economic deposits of these metals. A few samples of Tuscarora Quartzite contain moderate amounts of manganese. These are from a submarginal manganese resource. No other obviously anomalous-values related to mineralized rock are present in the data.

  14. Latest Mississippian (Namurian A) nonmarine ostracodes from West Virginia and Virginia.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sohn, I.G.

    1985-01-01

    Nonmarine ostracodes occur as partly exfoliated carapaces and internal molds at the base of the Bramwell Member of the Bluestone Formation, which represents the uppermost Mississippian (Namurian A), stratigraphic subdivision in West Virginia and Virginia. These specimens are important in that they permit the determination of a variety of adductor-muscle-attachment scars. The adductor-muscle-attachment scar patterns illustrated herein for the first time are the oldest recorded in North America for nonmarine ostracodes. The new family Carbonitidae and superfamily Carbonitacea are established on the basis of the pattern of adductor-muscle-attachment scars. The following nonmarine genera in this unit are illustrated in open nomenclature: Carbonita Strand, 1928; Whipplella? Holland, 1934; Gutschickia Scott, 1944; Pruvostina? Scott and Summerson, 1943; Darwinula Brady and Robertson, 1885; and two steinkerns of geisinid ostracodes, 'Pseudo-ornamentation' on molds is illustrated.-Author

  15. Geologic Map of the Frederick 30' x 60' Quadrangle, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Southworth, Scott; Brezinski, David K.; Drake, Avery Ala; Burton, William C.; Orndorff, Randall C.; Froelich, Albert J.; Reddy, James E.; Denenny, Danielle; Daniels, David L.

    2007-01-01

    The Frederick 30? ? 60? quadrangle lies within the Potomac River watershed of the Chesapeake Bay drainage basin. The map area covers parts of Montgomery, Howard, Carroll, Frederick, and Washington Counties in Maryland; Loudoun, Clarke, and Fairfax Counties in Virginia; and Jefferson and Berkeley Counties in West Virginia. Many geologic features (such as faults and folds) are named for geographic features that may or may not be shown on the 1:100,000-scale base map. The geology of the Frederick 30? ? 60? quadrangle, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia, was first mapped on the 32 1:24,000-scale 7.5-minute quadrangle base maps between 1989 and 1994. The geologic data were compiled manually at 1:100,000 scale in 1997 and were digitized between 1998 and 1999. The geologic map and database may be used to support activities such as land-use planning, soil mapping, groundwater availability and quality studies, identifying aggregate resources, and conducting engineering and environmental studies. The map area covers distinct geologic provinces and sections of the central Appalachian region that are defined by unique bedrock and resulting landforms. From west to east, the provinces include the Great Valley section of the Valley and Ridge province, the Blue Ridge province, and the Piedmont province; in the extreme southeastern corner, a small part of the Coastal Plain province is present. The Piedmont province is divided into several sections; from west to east, hey are the Frederick Valley synclinorium, the Culpeper and Gettysburg basins, the Sugarloaf Mountain anticlinorium, the Westminster terrane, and the Potomac terrane. The geology of the Frederick quadrangle is discussed by geologic province and sections; the geologic units within each province are discussed from oldest to youngest. Where applicable, the discussion includes information on tectonic origins. For more information concerning the report, please contact the author.

  16. Low-flow characteristics of Virginia streams

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Austin, Samuel H.; Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Wiegand, Ute

    2011-01-01

    Low-flow annual non-exceedance probabilities (ANEP), called probability-percent chance (P-percent chance) flow estimates, regional regression equations, and transfer methods are provided describing the low-flow characteristics of Virginia streams. Statistical methods are used to evaluate streamflow data. Analysis of Virginia streamflow data collected from 1895 through 2007 is summarized. Methods are provided for estimating low-flow characteristics of gaged and ungaged streams. The 1-, 4-, 7-, and 30-day average streamgaging station low-flow characteristics for 290 long-term, continuous-record, streamgaging stations are determined, adjusted for instances of zero flow using a conditional probability adjustment method, and presented for non-exceedance probabilities of 0.9, 0.8, 0.7, 0.6, 0.5, 0.4, 0.3, 0.2, 0.1, 0.05, 0.02, 0.01, and 0.005. Stream basin characteristics computed using spatial data and a geographic information system are used as explanatory variables in regional regression equations to estimate annual non-exceedance probabilities at gaged and ungaged sites and are summarized for 290 long-term, continuous-record streamgaging stations, 136 short-term, continuous-record streamgaging stations, and 613 partial-record streamgaging stations. Regional regression equations for six physiographic regions use basin characteristics to estimate 1-, 4-, 7-, and 30-day average low-flow annual non-exceedance probabilities at gaged and ungaged sites. Weighted low-flow values that combine computed streamgaging station low-flow characteristics and annual non-exceedance probabilities from regional regression equations provide improved low-flow estimates. Regression equations developed using the Maintenance of Variance with Extension (MOVE.1) method describe the line of organic correlation (LOC) with an appropriate index site for low-flow characteristics at 136 short-term, continuous-record streamgaging stations and 613 partial-record streamgaging stations. Monthly

  17. Cheat Mountain Roadless Area, West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Englund, K.J.; Behum, P.T.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral-resource survey by the USGS and USBM in 1980 determined that coal is the most important mineral resource in the Cheat Mountain Roadless Area, West Virginia. It is tentatively ranked as high-volatile A to medium-volatile bituminous similar to coal in nearby mining areas, and is primarily of coking quality. Demonstrated coal resources are estimated to total about 11.6 million short tons in beds more than 28 in. thick in areas of substantiated resource potential and an additional 32.7 million short tons in beds between 14 and 28 in. thick have been identified. Limestone, shale, clay, and sandstone occur in the area but these commodities are readily available outside the roadless area. Available information suggests little promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral or other energy resources in the area.

  18. Preliminary geothermal investigations in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Hendry, R.; Hilfiker, K.; Hodge, D.; Morgan, P.; Swanberg, C.

    1981-10-01

    Deep sedimentary basins and warm spring systems are potential geothermal resources in West Virginia. A temperature gradient map based on 800 BHT for WV shows that variation of temperature gradients trend NE parallel to regional structure. Highest temperature gradient values of about 28/sup 0/C/km occur in the eastcentral WV and the lowest gradients (18/sup 0/C/km) are found over the Rome trough. Results of groundwater geochemistry indicate that the warm springs circulate in very shallow aquifers and are subject to seasonal temperature fluctuations. Silica heat flow data in WV varies from about .89 to 1.4 HFU and generally increases towards the west. Bouguer, magnetic and temperature gradient profiles suggest that an ancient rift transects the State and is the site of several deep sedimentary basins.

  19. CHEAT MOUNTAIN ROADLESS AREA, WEST VIRGINIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Englund, K.J.; Behum, P.T.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral-resource survey determined that coal is the most important mineral resource in the Cheat Mountain Roadless Area, West Virginia. It is tentatively ranked as high-volatile A to medium-volatile bituminous similar to coal in nearby mining areas, and is primarily of coking quality. Demonstrated coal resources are estimated to total about 11. 6 million short tons in beds more than 28 in. thick in areas of substantiated resource potential and an additional 32. 7 million short tons in beds between 14 and 28 in. thick have been identified. Limestone, shale, clay, and sandstone occur in the area but these commodities are readily available outside the roadless area. Available information suggests little promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral or other energy resources in the area.

  20. CRANBERRY WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, WEST VIRGINIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Meissner, Charles R.; Mory, P.C.

    1984-01-01

    The Cranberry Wilderness Study Area, West Virginia contains a large demonstrated resource of bituminous coal of coking quality. Demonstrated coal resources in beds more than 14 in. thick are about 110 million short tons of which 56. 5 million tons are in beds more than 28 in. thick in areas of substantiated coal resource potential. Other mineral resources in the study area include peat, shale and clay suitable for building brick and lightweight aggregate, sandstone suitable for low-quality glass sand, and sandstone suitable for construction material. These commodities are found in abundance in other areas throughout the State. Study of the drill-hole data did not reveal indications of a potential for oil and gas resources in the study area. Evidence of metallic mineral potential was not found during this investigation.

  1. MILL CREEK WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, VIRGINIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lesure, Frank G.; Williams, Bradford B.

    1984-01-01

    A mineral survey of the Mill Creek Wilderness Study Area, Virginia concluded that the area contains gently folded clastic sedimentary rocks of Paleozoic age that have a substantiated iron resource potential and abundant rock suitable for construction materials. The area has an estimated 360 million long tons of inferred low-grade iron resources in hematitic sandstone that may average as much as 20 percent iron, or 72 million long tons of contained iron. Additional inferred iron resources of limonitic sandstone occurring at the Chestnut Flat iron mines in the southwest end of the area probably amount to less than 100,000 long tons rock containing 20 percent iron, or less than 20,000 long tons of contained iron.

  2. Earthquakes in Virginia and vicinity 1774 - 2004

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Tarr, Arthur C.; Wheeler, Russell L.

    2006-01-01

    This map summarizes two and a third centuries of earthquake activity. The seismic history consists of letters, journals, diaries, and newspaper and scholarly articles that supplement seismograph recordings (seismograms) dating from the early twentieth century to the present. All of the pre-instrumental (historical) earthquakes were large enough to be felt by people or to cause shaking damage to buildings and their contents. Later, widespread use of seismographs meant that tremors too small or distant to be felt could be detected and accurately located. Earthquakes are a legitimate concern in Virginia and parts of adjacent States. Moderate earthquakes cause slight local damage somewhere in the map area about twice a decade on the average. Additionally, many buildings in the map area were constructed before earthquake protection was added to local building codes. The large map shows all historical and instrumentally located earthquakes from 1774 through 2004.

  3. The Virginia Coastal Plain Hydrogeologic Framework

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    McFarland, E. Randolph; Bruce, T. Scott

    2006-01-01

    A refined descriptive hydrogeologic framework of the Coastal Plain of eastern Virginia provides a new perspective on the regional ground-water system by incorporating recent understanding gained by discovery of the Chesapeake Bay impact crater and determination of other geological relations. The seaward-thickening wedge of extensive, eastward-dipping strata of largely unconsolidated sediments is classified into a series of 19 hydrogeologic units, based on interpretations of geophysical logs and allied descriptions and analyses from a regional network of 403 boreholes. Potomac aquifer sediments of Early Cretaceous age form the primary ground-water supply resource. The Potomac aquifer is designated as a single aquifer because the fine-grained interbeds, which are spatially highly variable and inherently discontinuous, are not sufficiently dense across a continuous expanse to act as regional barriers to ground-water flow. Part of the Potomac aquifer in the outer part of the Chesapeake Bay impact crater consists of megablock beds, which are relatively undeformed internally but are bounded by widely separated faults. The Potomac aquifer is entirely truncated across the inner part of the crater. The Potomac confining zone approximates a transition from the Potomac aquifer to overlying hydrogeologic units. New or revised designations of sediments of Late Cretaceous age that are present only south of the James River include the upper Cenomanian confining unit, the Virginia Beach aquifer and confining zone, and the Peedee aquifer and confining zone. The Virginia Beach aquifer is a locally important ground-water supply resource. Sediments of late Paleocene to early Eocene age that compose the Aquia aquifer and overlying Nanjemoy-Marlboro confining unit are truncated along the margin of the Chesapeake Bay impact crater. Sediments of late Eocene age compose three newly designated confining units within the crater, which are from bottom to top, the impact-generated Exmore clast

  4. Insect fauna visiting carrion in Southwest Virginia.

    PubMed

    Tabor, Kimberly L; Fell, Richard D; Brewster, Carlyle C

    2005-05-28

    Successional patterns of insect fauna on pig carcasses were studied in southwest Virginia. The objective was to identify and qualitatively assess the major taxa of forensic importance in this region. Studies were conducted in spring and summer 2001 and 2002, and fall 2002. Over 50 taxa were collected and identified. Phormia regina was the dominant fly species in the spring (>90%) and co-dominant with Phaenicia coeruleiviridis in the summer. Phaenicia sericata, Lucilia illustris, and Calliphora spp. were collected in spring and summer, but less frequently. Eleven species of Sarcophagidae also were collected with Sarcophaga utilis and Helicobia rapax the most common. In the fall, the dominant fly species were Calliphora vomitoria, L. illustris, and P. coeruleiviridis. The primary beetle species collected in spring and summer included three Staphylinidae (Creophilis maxillosus, Platydracus maculosus, and Aleochara lata) and three Silphidae (Oiceoptoma noveboracense, Necrodes surinamensis, and Necrophila americana). No beetles were collected in the fall.

  5. Drainage Areas of Selected Streams in Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hayes, Donald C.; Wiegand, Ute

    2006-01-01

    Drainage areas were determined for more than 1,600 basins in the three major river basins of Virginia -- the North Atlantic Slope, South Atlantic Slope, and Ohio River Basins. Drainage areas range from 0.004 square mile to 7,866 square miles. A geographic information system was used to digitize and store data associated with the drainage basins. Drainage divides were digitized from digital U.S. Geological Survey 7.5-minute, 1:24,000-scale, topographic quadrangles using procedures recommended by the Subcommittee on Hydrology, Federal Interagency River Basin Committee. Digital drainage basins were quality assured, polygons of the closed drainage basins were generated, and drainage areas were computed.

  6. Nebulous networks: Virginia Woolf and popular astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Henry, Holly Grace

    This study investigates Virginia Woolf's fascination with advances in astronomy and telescopic technologies of the 1920s and 30s. Grounded in the cultural studies of science, and the work of theorists such as Donna Haraway and Bruno Latour, the dissertation reconstructs the complex interconnections between Woolf's fiction and prose writing and an explosive popular interest in astronomy and cosmology. Woolf's aesthetic and political practices were shaped by emerging visualization technologies ranging from astronomical telescopes to the hand-held camera. While her writing provides a focus for this investigation, the dissertation offers close readings of fiction and essays by multiple British authors and science writers in the context of these converging phenomena. As a result of glimpsing tiny worlds through her own telescope, Virginia Woolf formulated a global aesthetic and a global politics. Gazing at the moon and stars reminded her that earth is a planet in space, and that earth's inhabitants must rely on this small, fragile globe for their future survival. The opening chapter establishes the cultural context for the study. In 1923, the American astronomer Edwin Hubble determined that the Andromeda galaxy was located far beyond the limits of the Milky Way, then believed to comprise the entire universe. Hubble's radical reconfiguration of the universe contributed to a pervasive sense, in the modern period, of a decentering and re-scaling of humans in the universe. In the chapters that follow, the dissertation offers readings of Woolf's novels and short fiction in relation to her fascination with astronomy and explores how the wildly popular British cosmologist and science writer, Sir James jeans, had a shaping effect on popular culture and on Woolf's narrative practices and pacifist politics. Despite his oblique connections to what became Bloomsbury, jeans and his popular science texts were to play a considerable role in Woolf's formulation of a global aesthetic.

  7. Some green for some green in West Virginia: An overview of the West Virginia Conservation and Preservation Easements Act

    SciTech Connect

    1997-11-01

    The West Virginia Conservation and Preservation Act is a land management device whose time has come in West Virginia. Wise use of this tool by lawyers, property owners and holding entities can help the state to achieve a balance between the wise use of its natural resources and the promotion of tourism. Although not appropriate in every situation where it could potentially be applied, the West Virginia Act is a device by which economic and environmental interests can converge for the benefit of both parties.

  8. RadNet Air Data From Virginia Beach, VA

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This page presents radiation air monitoring and air filter analysis data for Virginia Beach, VA from EPA's RadNet system. RadNet is a nationwide network of monitoring stations that measure radiation in air, drinking water and precipitation.

  9. Optimization Review, Peck Iron and Metal Superfund Site, Portsmouth, Virginia

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The Peck Iron and Metal Superfund Site is a 33-acre property located in Norfolk County, Portsmouth, Virginia. PIM (Figure 1) is the site of a former scrap metal storage and recycling facility that began operation in the 1940s.

  10. The Work of Virginia Satir: Understanding Her Theory and Technique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Michael D.; Martin, Don

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the therapeutic process inherent in the work of Virginia Satir. Major conceptualizations and interventions are explored, including historical background; philosophical assumptions; basic operational principles; therapeutic goals; and basic techniques. (BH)

  11. VocEd Goes Underground in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helgager, David B.

    1979-01-01

    Describes development of a coal mining training curriculum in West Virginia for adults and high school students, as well as programs to retrain people in new equipment repair and in the emergency medical services required by state law. (MF)

  12. 76 FR 3695 - Environmental Impact Statement: Interstate 64 Corridor, Virginia

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-20

    ... Federal Highway Administration Environmental Impact Statement: Interstate 64 Corridor, Virginia AGENCY... Administration is issuing this notice to advise the public of its intent to prepare an Environmental Impact..., Senior Environmental Specialist, Federal Highway Administration, Post Office Box 10249,...

  13. 75 FR 25872 - Virginia; Major Disaster and Related Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... declaration of a major disaster for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-1905-DR), dated April 27, 2010, and..., Greene, Highland, King George, Loudoun, Louisa, Madison, Nelson, Orange, Prince William,...

  14. 76 FR 76172 - Virginia; Major Disaster and Related Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ... declaration of a major disaster for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-4045-DR), dated November 17, 2011, and... disaster: Caroline, Essex, Fairfax, King and Queen, King George, Prince William, and Westmoreland and...

  15. 91. Virginia Route 608 grade separation structure. Detail of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    91. Virginia Route 608 grade separation structure. Detail of the scored wing walls and T beams. Looking southeast. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  16. 96. Virginia Route 89 grade separation structure. This is the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    96. Virginia Route 89 grade separation structure. This is the only double span bridge to cross over the parkway, also crossing chestnut creek. Looking east. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  17. 27 CFR 9.135 - Virginia's Eastern Shore.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (revised 1969). (3) Richmond VA.; MD., 1973. (c) Boundary. The Virginia's Eastern Shore viticultural area..., again following the coastline around Cherrystone Inlet on the Richmond, VA., U.S.G.S. map; (4)...

  18. 27 CFR 9.135 - Virginia's Eastern Shore.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... (revised 1969). (3) Richmond VA.; MD., 1973. (c) Boundary. The Virginia's Eastern Shore viticultural area..., again following the coastline around Cherrystone Inlet on the Richmond, VA., U.S.G.S. map; (4)...

  19. University of Virginia experimental and theoretical high energy physics

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, B.

    1991-01-10

    This report discusses research being done in high energy physics at the University of Virginia in the following areas: charmonium; B mesons decay; B physics at the SCC; and symmetry and field theory. (LSP)

  20. Regional assessment of nonforestry related biomass resources: Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-11-01

    This document is a collection of spreadsheets detailing on a county by county basis the agricultural crop, agricultural wastes, municipal wastes, and industrial wastes of Virginia that are potential biomass energy sources.

  1. Regional assessment of nonforestry related biomass resources: West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-11-01

    This document is a collection of spreadsheets detailing on a county by county basis the agricultural crop, agricultural wastes, municipal wastes, and industrial wastes of West Virginia that are potential biomass energy sources.

  2. Salmonellosis in passerine birds in Maryland and West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Locke, L.N.; Shillinger, R.B.; Jareed, T.

    1973-01-01

    Salmonella typhimurium was responsible for a die-off of evening grosbeaks (Hesperiphona vespertina) at Elkins, West Virginia, and was isolated from a pine siskin (Spinus pinus) collected at the site of a die-off near Baltimore, Maryland.

  3. Distribution of fluoride in ground water of West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mathes, M.V.; Waldron, M.C.

    1993-01-01

    This report describes the results of a study by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey, to evaluate the distribution of fluoride in ground water of West Virginia. Fluoride is a natural chemical constituent in domestic and public water supplies in West Virginia. Fluoride concentrations of about 1.0 milligram per liter in drinking water are beneficial to dental health. Concentrations greater than 2.0 milligrams per liter, however, could harm teeth and bones. Fluoride concentra- tions in ground water of West Virginia range from less than 0.1 to 12 milligrams per liter. Fluoride concentrations that exceed 2.0 milligrams per liter are found in wells drilled to all depths, wells drilled in all topographic settings, and wells drilled into most geologic units. Most fluoride concentrations that exceed 2.0 milligrams per liter are located at sites clustered in the northwestern part of the State.

  4. EPA Issues Report on Virginia Animal Agriculture Programs

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    (PHILADELPHIA - March 16, 2015) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced today it has completed an evaluation of Virginia's animal agriculture programs. The assessment is one of six that the agency is conducting of state animal agriculture

  5. EPA Releases Report on West Virginia Agriculture Programs

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    (PHILADELPHIA - August 31, 2015) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced today it has completed an evaluation of West Virginia's animal agriculture regulations and programs. The assessment, which is one of six that the agency is conductin

  6. 75 FR 35511 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00028

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Virginia Disaster Number VA-00028 AGENCY: Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 3..., is hereby amended to include the following areas as adversely affected by the disaster....

  7. Ohio River Environmental Assessment: Cultural Resources Reconnaissance Report, West Virginia.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-08-01

    Kentucky. Newton, J. H., G . G . Nichols and A. G . Sprankle 1879 History of the Pan-handle; Being Historical Collections of the Counties of Ohio, Brooke...No. 1, pp. 14-20. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Flint, Richard Foster 1971. Glacial and Quaternary Geology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. Ford, J. A...West Virginia. Gillespie, William H. and John A. Clendening 1964. West Virginia Geology, Archeoogy and Pedology, a Bibliography and Index. West

  8. Virginia Water Resources: Utilizing NASA Earth Observations to Monitor the Extent of Harmful Algal Blooms in Virginia Rivers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lubkin, S. H.; Morgan, C.

    2015-12-01

    Harmful algal bloom species have had an increasing ecological impact on the Chesapeake Bay Watershed where they disrupt water chemistry, kill fish and cause human illness. In Virginia, scientists from Virginia Institute of Marine Science and Old Dominion University monitor HABs and their effect on water quality; however, these groups lack a method to monitor HABs in real time. This limits the ability to document associated water quality conditions and predict future blooms. Band reflectance values from Landsat 8 Surface Reflectance data (USGS Earth Explorer) and MODIS Chlorophyll imagery (NOAA CoastWatch) were cross calibrated to create a regression model that calculated concentrations of chlorophyll. Calculations were verified with in situ measurements from the Virginia Estuarine and Coastal Observing System. Imagery produced with the Chlorophyll-A calculation model will allow VIMS and ODU scientists to assess the timing, magnitude, duration and frequency of HABs in Virginia's Chesapeake watershed and to predict the environmental and water quality conditions that favor bloom development.

  9. The Algebra Initiative Colloquium. Volume 2: Working Group Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacampagne, Carole B., Ed.; And Others

    This volume presents recommendations from four working groups at a conference on reform in algebra held in Leesburg, Virginia, December 9-12, 1993. Working Group 1: Creating an Appropriate Algebra Experience for All Grades K-12 Students produced the following papers: (1) "Report" (A. H. Schoenfeld); (2) "Five Questions About Algebra…

  10. The Algebra Initiative Colloquium. Volume 1: Plenary and Reactor Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacampagne, Carole B., Ed.; And Others

    This volume contains the plenary or reactor papers presented at a conference on reform in algebra held in Leesburg, Virginia, December 9-12, 1993. Papers included are: (1) "Introduction" (C. B. Lacampagne); (2) "Summary" (C. B. Lacampagne); (3) "Recommendations" (C. B. Lacampagne); (4) "The Development of Algebra…

  11. Aquifer susceptibility in Virginia, 1998-2000

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nelms, David L.; Harlow,, George E.; Plummer, L. Niel; Busenberg, Eurybiades

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Health, sampled water from 171 wells and springs across the Commonwealth of Virginia between 1998 and 2000 as part of the Virginia Aquifer Susceptibility study. Most of the sites sampled are public water supplies that are part of the comprehensive Source Water Assessment Program for the Commonwealth. The fundamental premise of the study was that the identification of young waters (less than 50 years) by multiple environmental tracers could be used as a guide for classifying aquifers in terms of susceptibility to contamination from near-surface sources. Environmental tracers, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), tritium (3H), and tritium/helium-3 (3H/3He), and carbon isotopes (14C and d13C) were used to determine the age of water discharging from wells and springs. Concentrations of CFCs greater than 5 picograms per kilogram and 3H concentrations greater than 0.6 tritium unit were used as thresholds to indicate that parts of the aquifer sampled have a component of young water and are, therefore, susceptible to near-surface contamination. Concentrations of CFCs exceeded the susceptibility threshold in 22 percent of the wells and in one spring sampled in the Coastal Plain regional aquifer systems. About 74 percent of the samples from wells with the top of the first water zone less than 100 feet below land surface exceeded the threshold values, and water supplies developed in the upper 100 feet of the Coastal Plain are considered to be susceptible to contamination from near-surface sources. The maximum depth to the top of the screened interval for wells that contained CFCs was less than 150 feet. Wells completed in the deep confined aquifers in the Coastal Plain generally contain water older than 1,000 years, as indicated by carbon-14 dating, and are not considered to be susceptible to contamination under natural conditions. All of the water samples from wells

  12. Joint Hampton-Michigan Program for Training Minority and Women Researchers. Volume II of II Volumes. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. School of Education.

    The papers presented in this volume are the team research reports of the Joint Hampton-Michigan Program conducted in 1979-1980 for junior faculty members of the Hampton Institute (Virginia) and graduate students and faculty members of the University of Michigan. The titles of the papers are: (1) Social and Economic Implications of Teacher Training…

  13. Hydrogeology and Ground-Water Flow in the Opequon Creek Watershed area, Virginia and West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kozar, Mark D.; Weary, David J.

    2009-01-01

    Due to increasing population and economic development in the northern Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and West Virginia, water availability has become a primary concern for water-resource managers in the region. To address these issues, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Services and the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection, developed a numerical steady-state simulation of ground-water flow for the 1,013-square-kilometer Opequon Creek watershed area. The model was based on data aggregated for several recently completed and ongoing USGS hydrogeologic investigations conducted in Jefferson, Berkeley, and Morgan Counties in West Virginia and Clarke, Frederick, and Warren Counties in Virginia. A previous detailed hydrogeologic assessment of the watershed area of Hopewell Run (tributary to the Opequon Creek), which includes the USGS Leetown Science Center in Jefferson County, West Virginia, provided key understanding of ground-water flow processes in the aquifer. The ground-water flow model developed for the Opequon Creek watershed area is a steady-state, three-layer representation of ground-water flow in the region. The primary objective of the simulation was to develop water budgets for average and drought hydrologic conditions. The simulation results can provide water managers with preliminary estimates on which water-resource decisions may be based. Results of the ground-water flow simulation of the Opequon Creek watershed area indicate that hydrogeologic concepts developed for the Hopewell Run watershed area can be extrapolated to the larger watershed model. Sensitivity analyses conducted as part of the current modeling effort and geographic information system analyses of spring location and yield reveal that thrust and cross-strike faults and low-permeability bedding, which provide structural and lithologic controls, respectively, on ground-water flow, must be incorporated into the

  14. Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume II. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: regional structure, surface structure, surface fractures, hydrology

    SciTech Connect

    Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

    1980-10-01

    This volume comprises appendices giving regional structure data, surface structure data, surface fracture data, and hydrology data. The fracture data covers oriented Devonian shale cores from West Virginia, Ohio, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. The subsurface structure of the Eastern Kentucky gas field is also covered. (DLC)

  15. Reflection imaging using RVSP processing of aftershock recordings from the August 23, 2011 central Virginia earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quiros, D. A.; Brown, L. D.; Davenport, K.; Han, L.; Hole, J. A.; Chapman, M. C.; Mooney, W. D.; Cabolova, A.

    2012-12-01

    On August 23, 2011, a magnitude Mw 5.6 earthquake occurred in central Virginia and was felt over much of the eastern United States. This event, which had a NE-striking reverse faulting focal mechanism at a hypocentral depth of 6 km, occurred in the previously recognized "Central Virginia Seismic Zone". The likelihood of numerous small and several moderate-sized aftershocks motivated the rapid post-seismic deployment of a high-density seismic array by a team of scientists from Cornell University, Virginia Tech and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Traditional earthquake aftershock deployments consist of a few tens of instruments at nominal distances that are in the order of kilometers. The Aftershock Imaging with Dense Arrays (AIDA) experiment in Virginia represents a prototype effort to field a deployment with hundreds of seismographs at sub-kilometer spacing (Δx ~ 200 m) using technology currently available (Reftek RT125A) from the EarthScope Flexible Array. One of the major expectations associated with such dense arrays was the potential for high resolution imaging of the hypocentral region using direct (refracted) and reflected seismic waves from the aftershock sources. Here we report our efforts to image reflective structures using techniques associated with Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP). VSP is usually associated with recording of surface sources by instruments deployed down a borehole seismic survey or surface recording of sources within the borehole (Reverse VSP). The geometry of VSP surveys (i.e. reverse or regular) often provides better resolution than conventional surface seismic surveys because of the shorter ray paths involved (thus less attenuation) as well more definitive ties to geology encountered in the borehole. The aftershocks of the VA event can be treated as sources in a reverse VSP geometry since they span a range of depths in a relatively small area. We have imaged structure in the hypocentral region by applying VSP processing algorithms

  16. Workforce Development and West Virginia: The West Virginia University Approach. Presented to the West Virginia Legislature Joint Education Committee, September 14, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardesty, David C., Jr.

    This report highlights the services and programs for workforce development that are available through West Virginia University's (WVU) statewide network of schools, colleges, regional campuses, extension offices, and research units, but does not include four-year undergraduate or graduate programs. Specific sections address the following services,…

  17. 76 FR 68698 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revision to Nitrogen...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-07

    ...- 9487-7] Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revision to Nitrogen... Commonwealth of Virginia that revises regulatory language that inadvertently ended its nitrogen oxides (NO...

  18. 76 FR 78335 - North Carolina & Virginia Railroad Company, LLC, Chesapeake & Albemarle Railroad Division-Lease...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ... Surface Transportation Board North Carolina & Virginia Railroad Company, LLC, Chesapeake & Albemarle Railroad Division--Lease Amendment Exemption--Norfolk Southern Railway Company North Carolina & Virginia Railroad, LLC, Chesapeake & Albemarle Railroad Division (NCVR), a Class III carrier, has filed a...

  19. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of the Residential Provisions of the 2015 IECC for West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Mendon, Vrushali V.; Zhao, Mingjie; Taylor, Zachary T.; Poehlman, Eric A.

    2016-02-15

    The 2015 IECC provides cost-effective savings for residential buildings in West Virginia. Moving to the 2015 IECC from the 2009 IECC base code is cost-effective for residential buildings in all climate zones in West Virginia.

  20. Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of the Residential Provisions of the 2015 IECC for Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Mendon, Vrushali V.; Zhao, Mingjie; Taylor, Zachary T.; Poehlman, Eric A.

    2016-02-15

    The 2015 IECC provides cost-effective savings for residential buildings in Virginia. Moving to the 2015 IECC from the 2012 IECC base code is cost-effective for residential buildings in all climate zones in Virginia.

  1. 76 FR 77182 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; General Conformity...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-12

    ... Conformity Requirements for Federal Agencies Applicable to Federal Actions AGENCY: Environmental Protection... adopted by Virginia for the purpose of incorporating Federal general conformity requirements revisions... approving Virginia's general conformity SIP revision and if that provision may be severed from the...

  2. 78 FR 19421 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-01

    ...; Transportation Conformity Regulations AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Direct final rule...) submitted by the Commonwealth of Virginia. This revision amends Virginia's transportation conformity requirements in order to be consistent with EPA's revised transportation conformity requirements. EPA...

  3. E3 Success Story - E3 Southwest Virginia: Economy, Energy and the Environment

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    E3 Southwest Virginia supports sustainable manufacturing in 17 counties in southwest Virginia. The MTC provides manufacturers with assessments of production processes to reduce their energy consumption and drive innovation.

  4. Summary of West Virginia Water-Resource Data through September 2008

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Evaldi, R.D.; Ward, S.M.; White, J.S.

    2009-01-01

    1960 were published annually under the title Surface-Water Supply of the United States, Parts 6A and 6B. For the 1961 through 1970 water years, the data were published in two 5-year reports. Data on chemical quality, temperature, and suspended sediment for the 1941 through 1970 water years were published annually under the title Quality of Surface Water of the United States, and water levels for the 1935 through 1974 water years were published under the title Ground-Water Levels in the United States. Many of the above mentioned Water-Supply Papers are available at the USGS Publications Warehouse (http://pubs.er.usgs.gov), and most of the others may be found in the collections of large libraries or may be purchased from the U.S. Geological Survey, Books and Open-File Reports, Federal Center, Box 25425, Denver, Colorado 80225. Annual reports on hydrologic data are published by the Geological Survey for all states, and each has an identification number consisting of the two-letter state abbreviation, the last two digits of the water year, and the volume number. For example, the 2005 water year report for West Virginia is identified as U.S. Geological Survey Water-Data Report WV-05-01. Water-Data Reports for West Virginia for 2001-2005 are available online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/wdr/#WV. Water-Data Reports for water years prior to 2006 are for sale in paper copy or microfiche by the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, Virginia 22161. Since the 2006 water year, the report is published online only and is available at http://wdr.water.usgs.gov/. When substantial errors in published records are discovered, the records are revised. Such revisions are routine and are made to records regardless of the age of the original records. Revisions have been made for many stations for which data are published in this report. The USGS National Water Information System always contains the most recent data revisions. For critical a

  5. West Virginia Diesel Study, CRADA MC96-034, Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    M. Gautam

    1998-08-05

    The global objective of the recently completed Phase 1 of the West Virginia Diesel Study, at West Virginia University, was to evaluate mass emission rates of exhaust emissions from diesel powered equipment specified by the West Virginia Diesel Equipment Commission. The experimental data generated in this study has been utilized by the West Virginia Diesel Equipment Commission to promulgate initial rules, requirements and standards governing the operation of diesel equipment in underground coal mines.

  6. Flash flood awareness in southwest Virginia.

    PubMed

    Knocke, Ethan T; Kolivras, Korine N

    2007-02-01

    Flash floods are one of the most dangerous weather-related natural disasters in the world. These events develop less than six hours after a rainfall event and create hazardous situations for people and extensive damage to property. It is critical for flash flood conditions to be warned of in a timely manner to minimize impacts. There is currently a knowledge gap between flood experts and the general public about the level of perceived risk that the latter has toward the powerful flood waters and how events should be warned of, which affects the communication capabilities and efficiency of the warning process. Prior research has addressed risk perception of natural disasters, but there is little emphasis on flash floods within flood-prone regions of the United States. This research utilizes an online survey of 300 respondents to determine the current state of flash flood awareness and preparation in southwest Virginia. Analysis of trends involved the use of chi-squared tests (chi2) and simple frequency and percentage calculations. Results reveal that a knowledge base of flash floods does exist, but is not advanced enough for proper awareness. Young adults have a lower understanding and are not as concerned about flood impacts. Increased exposure and perceived risk play a key role in shaping the way a person approaches flash floods. People do monitor flood events, but they are unaware of essential guidance and communication mechanisms. Finally, results suggest that the current method of warning about flash floods is not provided at an appropriate level of detail for effective communication.

  7. Space Radar Image of Hampton Roads, Virginia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    This radar image shows the Hampton Roads, Virginia region, where the James River (upper left center) flows into the Chesapeake Bay. The city of Norfolk is the bright area on the peninsula in the lower center. Norfolk is home to a large naval base, part of which can be seen as the bright white port facilities near the center of the image. The cities of Hampton and Newport News occupy the peninsula in the upper right of the image. The dark blue areas on this peninsula are the runways of Langley Air Force Base, which also houses NASA's Langley Research Center. Forested areas, including suburbs, appear as green on the image. Cities appear as green, white and orange. The purple areas along the shorelines are wetlands; blue areas are cleared for agricultural use. Faint ship wakes can be seen in the water behind ships entering and leaving Hampton Roads. Scientists are using radar images like this one to study delicate coastal environments and the effects of urbanization and other human activities on the ecosystem and landscape. The image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture (SIR-C/X-SAR) imaging radar when it flew aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on October 5, 1994. The image is centered at 36.9 degrees north latitude, 76.4 degrees west longitude. North is towards the upper right. The area shown is 37 kilometers by 29 kilometers (23 miles by 18 miles). Colors are assigned to different frequencies and polarizations of the radar as follows: red is L-band horizontally transmitted, horizontally received; green is L-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received; blue is C-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's ongoing Mission to Planet Earth program.

  8. 3D imaging of crustal structure under the Piedmont province in central Virginia, from reflection RVSP processing of aftershock recordings from the August 23, 2011 Virginia earthquake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quiros, D. A.; Brown, L. D.; Cabolova, A.; Davenport, K. K.; Hole, J. A.; Mooney, W. D.

    2013-12-01

    Aftershocks from the magnitude Mw 5.8 August 23, 2011, central Virginia earthquake were recorded using an unusually dense array of seismometers in what has been termed an AIDA (Aftershock Imaging with Dense Arrays) deployment. Over 200 stations were deployed in the epicentral region of this event to a) more precisely determine hypocentral locations, b) more accurately define velocity structure in the aftershock zone, c) characterize propagation characteristics of the crust in the area, and d) image geologic structures in the hypocentral volume with reflection techniques using aftershocks as sources. The AIDA-Virginia experiment successfully recorded a large number of aftershocks from which local tomographic velocity estimates and accurate hypocentral locations were obtained. These results facilitated the use of aftershocks as sources for reflection imaging. In this study we demonstrate how earthquake sources recorded by surface arrays can be treated using the imaging techniques associated with Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP), in particular a variant known as Reverse VSP (RVSP). The central VSP processing algorithms used for this study are VSP normal moveout (VSPnmo) and VSP-to-Common Reflection Point (CRP). Applying these techniques to individual aftershocks from the Virginia experiment results in 3D reflection images of structural complexity in the immediate vicinity of the aftershocks. The most prominent feature observed on these 3D images is a strong moderately east-dipping reflector at a depth of approximately 6 to 8 km that directly underlies, and is continuous beneath, the more steeply dipping aftershock zone. We interpret this reflector as part of a complex imbricate thrust sequence associated with Paleozoic convergence during the Appalachian orogeny. Its apparent continuity beneath the fault zone implied by the aftershock's hypocenters suggests that this inferred fault zone has little or no cumulative offset, supporting the speculation that this event

  9. 77 FR 10423 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West Virginia's Ambient Air Quality Standards AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... Virginia's Legislative Rule regarding ambient air quality standards (45CSR8- Ambient Air Quality...

  10. 77 FR 56125 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-12

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West Virginia's Ambient Air Quality Standards AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... West Virginia's Legislative Rule regarding ambient air quality standards (45 CSR 8-- Ambient...

  11. 77 FR 65490 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Fredericksburg 8-Hour...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia... Virginia's State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the Virginia Department of Environmental... model (MOVES2010a). The revised MVEBs continue to demonstrate maintenance of the 1997 8-hour...

  12. 78 FR 14022 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reinstatement of Removal of the Virginia Northern...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-04

    ...; Reinstatement of Removal of the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel From the List of Endangered and Threatened... reinstating the removal of the Virginia northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus) from the List of... November 13, 2012, this rule again removes the Virginia northern flying squirrel from the List...

  13. 40 CFR 81.144 - Northeastern Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Air Quality Control Regions § 81.144 Northeastern Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The Northeastern Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region consists of the territorial area encompassed by the... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Northeastern Virginia Intrastate...

  14. Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holian, Laura; Mokher, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Using data from the National Student Clearinghouse and the Virginia Department of Education, this report examines college enrollment rates overall and by student academic and demographic characteristics for the Virginia public high school class of 2008. College enrollment is an issue of national concern. And many states, including Virginia, use…

  15. Political Life in Eighteenth-Century Virginia. Essays from Colonial Williamsburg. The Foundations of America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Jack P.

    This book explores the history of the Virginia colony from the early 18th century to the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Virginia, the oldest and most prosperous of Great Britain's North American colonies, assumed a leading role in the political life of the colonies. Some in 17th century Virginia had seen political…

  16. 76 FR 9351 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From West Virginia Center for Patient Safety

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ... Virginia State Medical. Association (WVSMA), of its status as a Patient Safety Organization (PSO). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005 (Patient Safety Act), Public Law 109-41, 42 U.S.C. 299b... Patient Safety, a component entity of West Virginia Hospital Association, West Virginia Medical...

  17. 76 FR 52275 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revisions to Clean Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-22

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revisions... Commonwealth of Virginia. The revision, which amends the Virginia Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) trading...-OAR-2011-0195. All documents in the docket are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov Web...

  18. Governor Moore Discusses Past and Present Changes in the Region and in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appalachia, 1986

    1986-01-01

    West Virginia Governor Arch Moore discusses past and present changes in the Appalachian Region and in West Virginia spurred by the Appalachian Regional Commission. Changes in West Virginia's tax structure, job creation, economic diversification, and public energy facilities are noted as efforts to prepare for the future. (NEC)

  19. Ground-water concerns for the Eastern Shore, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Richardson, D.L.

    1993-01-01

    The Eastern Shore of Virginia is a peninsula that is surrounded on three sides by salty water and has no major fresh surface-water sources; groundwater provides the sole freshwater supply. Beginning in about 1965, increases in groundwater withdrawals for agricultural, commercial, urban, and industrial uses have caused water-level declines and have created cone-like depressions in the water-level surface around major pumping centers near the Towns of Accomac, Cape Charles, Cheriton, Chincoteague, Exmore, and Hallwood, Virginia. Increased water withdrawals could adversely affect the supply of fresh groundwater on the Eastern Shore. In 1992, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality and the counties of Accomack and Northampton, completed a comprehensive study of the groundwater resources of the Eastern Shore. This report highlights the major results of that study. (USGS)

  20. Simulated changes in water levels caused bypotential changes in pumping from shallow aquifersof Virginia Beach, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Smith, Barry S.

    2005-01-01

    A steady-state ground-water flow model of the southern watersheds of Virginia Beach, Virginia, was refined and used to simulate changes in aquifer water levels caused by potential changes in pumping in the Transition Area of Virginia Beach, Va., a 20-square mile planning zone that runs through the middle of the city. Cessation of dewatering at borrow pits, pumping to irrigate a golf course, pumping to irrigate lawns of a hypothetical neighborhood, and pumping to irrigate both the golf course and lawns of the hypothetical neighborhood were simulated. Simulated recoveries from cessation of dewatering of borrow pits were generally restricted to the immediate area of the pits. The simulated recoveries averaged about 20 feet (ft) near the center of the cells representing the active areas of the pits and 2 ft at the cells representing the extent of the pits. At a golf course, 4 hypothetical wells pumping 300,000 gallons per day (gal/d) from the Yorktown sand aquifer resulted in drawdowns averaging 10 ft in the pumping cells and 1 ft at a distance of 1.2 miles (mi) from the center of the pumping cells. The extent of the 1-ft drawdown was virtually the same as that simulated previously and reported in a permit application for the golf course. Simulated pumping of 150,000 gal/d from 4 cells in the confined sand aquifer representing a 40-acre neighborhood resulted in drawdowns averaging 7 ft in the pumping cells and 1 ft at a distance of 0.8 mi from the center of the cells. Simulated pumping of 300,000 gal/d from the same 4 cells resulted in drawdowns averaging 15 ft in the pumping cells and 1 ft at a distance of 1.4 mi from the center of the cells. Simulated pumping of 150,000 gal/d at the golf course and another 150,000 gal/d in the hypothetical neighborhood resulted in drawdowns that averaged 5 ft around the cells representing the golf course wells spaced 1,300 ft apart and 7 ft around the contiguous cells representing the 40-acre neighborhood. A drawdown of 1 ft

  1. Amoco-US Environmental Protection Agency, pollution prevention project, Yorktown, Virginia: Executive summary (revised May 1992)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-01

    The volume summarizes results and policy alternatives identified during a 2-year pollution prevention study of Amoco Oil Company's Yorktown Virginia Refinery, jointly sponsored as a cooperative effort of Amoco Corporation and the United States Environmental Protection Agency. A significant finding of the study was that at the facility, current and expected environmental regulatory requirements can be achieved for 20-25% of the cost of current mandated approaches. Major recommendations are: (1) Government and industry need to explore opportunities to produce better environmental results more cost effectively; (2) The authors need to improve environmental release data collection, analysis, and management; (3) EPA should provide incentives for conducting facility-wide assessments and developing multi-media release reduction strategies; (4) The authors should encourage additional public-private partnerships on environmental management issues; (5) EPA and the petroleum industry should conduct research on the potential health and ecological effects of VOCs.

  2. Mental health system transformation after the Virginia Tech tragedy.

    PubMed

    Bonnie, Richard J; Reinhard, James S; Hamilton, Phillip; McGarvey, Elizabeth L

    2009-01-01

    On 16 April 2007, a deeply disturbed Virginia Tech student murdered thirty-two fellow students and faculty and then shot himself. Less than one year later, the Virginia legislature improved the emergency evaluation process, modified the criteria for involuntary commitment, tightened procedures for mandatory outpatient treatment, and increased state funding for community mental health services. The unanswered question, however, is whether the necessary political momentum can be sustained for the long-term investment in community services and the fundamental legal changes needed to transform a system focused on managing access to scarce hospital beds to a community-based system of accessible voluntary services.

  3. Pawpaw-Hancock folio, Maryland-West Virginia-Pennsylvania

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stose, G.W.; Swartz, C. K.

    1912-01-01

    The Pawpaw and Hancock quadrangles embrace parts of eastern West Virginia, western Maryland, and southern Pennsylvania between parallels 39° 30' abd 39° 45' and meridians 78° and 78° 30', and contain 460 square miles.  (See fig. 1.)  Parts of eight counties are included in the area, Morgan, Berkeley, and Hampshire in West Virginia, Washington and Allegany in Maryland, and Bedford, Fulton, and Franklin in Pennsylvania.  Hancock, Md., the the largest town in the area, Pawpaw, Great Cacapon, and Berkeley Springs, W. Va., being next in importance.

  4. Conceptual hydrogeologic framework of the shallow aquifer system at Virginia Beach, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Smith, Barry S.; Harlow,, George E.

    2002-01-01

    The hydrogeologic framework of the shallow aquifer system at Virginia Beach was revised to provide a better understanding of the distribution of fresh ground water, its potential use, and its susceptibility to contamination. The revised conceptual framework is based primarily on analyses of continuous cores and downhole geophysical logs collected at 7 sites to depths of approximately 200 ft.The shallow aquifer system at Virginia Beach is composed of the Columbia aquifer, the Yorktown confining unit, and the Yorktown-East-over aquifer. The shallow aquifer system is separated from deeper units by the continuous St. Marys confining unit.The Columbia aquifer is defined as the predominantly sandy surficial deposits above the Yorktown confining unit. The Yorktown confining unit is composed of a series of very fine sandy to silty clay units of various colors at or near the top of the Yorktown Formation. The Yorktown confining unit varies in thickness and in composition, but on a regional scale is a leaky confining unit. The Yorktown-Eastover aquifer is defined as the predominantly sandy deposits of the Yorktown Formation and the upper part of the Eastover Formation above the confining clays of the St. Marys Formation. The limited areal extent of highly permeable deposits containing freshwater in the Yorktown-Eastover aquifer precludes the installation of highly productive freshwater wells over most of the city. Some deposits of biofragmental sand or shell hashes in the Yorktown-Eastover aquifer can support high-capacity wells.A water sample was collected from each of 10 wells installed at 5 of the 7 core sites to determine the basic chemistry of the aquifer system. One shallow well and one deep well was installed at each site. Concentrations of chloride were higher in the water from the deeper well at each site. Concentrations of dissolved iron in all of the water samples were higher than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Secondary Drinking Water Regulations

  5. Personnel Development. A Plan to Produce and Distribute an Instructional Package for Teaching the Concepts of Competency-Based Instruction in Home Economics Pre-service Teacher Education Programs. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.

    Described in this final report is the development of a plan to produce and distribute an instructional package for teaching the concepts of competency-based instruction in home economics pre-service education programs in the state of Virginia. Nine Virginia Universities (Virginia Polytechnic Institution and State University, Radford College, James…

  6. West Virginia's Byrd Institute: Teaching Factory for New Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casto, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The Robert C. Byrd Institute for Advanced Flexible Manufacturing Systems at Marshall University (Huntington, West Virginia) is part of a nationwide network of teaching factories where manufacturers can learn new, more competitive production technologies. The institute has helped several local manufacturing companies develop computer programs to…

  7. Shell Games. VORTEX: Virginia's Oyster Reef Teaching EXperience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harding, Juliana M.; Mann, Roger; Clark, Vicki P.

    This document introduces Virginia's Oyster Reef Teaching EXperience (VORTEX), which is an interdisciplinary program focusing on the importance of oyster reef communities in the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. The VORTEX program uses field and laboratory experiences supported by multimedia instruction. This document presents an overview on the biology of…

  8. Project WET: Facilitator Handbook for Implementation of Activities in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sevebeck, Kathryn P.

    This handbook features ideas for implementing Project WET activities in Virginia. Project WET activities are designed for a variety of educational programs and can be used to complement existing curricula while addressing curricular objectives and educational standards nationwide. Activities include: (1) "Life Systems"; (2)…

  9. Virginia's Link to Education about Forestry (LEAF) Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munsell, John F.; Gagnon, Jennifer L.; Barrett, Scott; Powell, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    Virginia's LEAF Program incorporates educational opportunities with heritage experiences and technology to advance forestry education in the Commonwealth. Statewide heritage-based outdoor classrooms use an integrated outdoor learning system to provide both formal and informal education. Online learning modules are coupled with the classrooms to…

  10. Theatre Arts Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Theatre Arts Standards of Learning identify the essential content and skills required in the theatre arts curriculum for the middle school and core high school courses in Virginia's public schools. The standards are designed to be cumulative and progress in complexity by course from the middle school through the secondary level. Throughout…

  11. West Virginia University's Health Sciences and Technology Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chester, Ann; Dooley, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the Health Sciences and Technology Academy, an outreach and engagement program by West Virginia University to encourage higher education faculty members and administrators, public school teachers, and community leaders to assume the responsibility of mentoring high school students. The primary goal is to increase the college…

  12. 'Fishing' for Alternatives to Mountaintop Mining in Southern West Virginia

    EPA Science Inventory

    Mountaintop removal mining (MTR) is a major industry in southern West Virginia with many detrimental effects for small to mid-sized streams, and interest in alternative, sustainable industries is on the rise. As a first step in a larger effort to assess the value of sport fisheri...

  13. Virginia Community College System Presidential Salary Study, April 1, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ernst, Richard J.

    In April 1996, the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) conducted a study to compare salaries for VCCS presidents to those for presidents of similar institutions across the nation. Data were obtained from a 1995-96 Administrative Compensation Survey conducted by the College and University Personnel Association (CUPA), a separate questionnaire…

  14. Virginia Space Grant Consortium Upper Atmospheric Payload Balloon System (Vps)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marz, Bryan E.; Ash, Robert L.

    1996-01-01

    This document provides a summary of the launch and post-launch activities of Virginia Space Grant Consortium Upper Atmospheric Payload Balloon System, V(ps). It is a comprehensive overview covering launch activities, post-launch activities, experimental results, and future flight recommendations.

  15. Evaluation of Public Fundamental Schools in Hampton, Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Larry J.; McBee, Janice K.

    Findings are presented which provide information about the extent to which fundamental schools (learning in a highly structured setting with instructional emphasis placed on "basic" subjects) at the elementary and junior high school levels in a large school system in Virginia have achieved their objectives. In this report, four schools…

  16. Precambrian from basement well in Mingo County, West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Heald, M.T.

    1981-04-01

    The Precambrian core from a basement test well in Mingo County, West Virginia, is granodiorite with minor quartz monzonite and tonalite. The potassium-argon method indicates a date of 939 +- 34 m.y. The core shows local shearing; microveins of sericite, orthoclase, and calcite indicate hydrothermal activity. 3 figures.

  17. Reform, Resistance, . . . Retreat? The Predictable Politics of Accountability in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M.

    2002-01-01

    In the 1990s, Virginia launched one of the nation's most ambitious standards-based reform efforts. Encouraged by a budding national accountability movement and motivated by conservative distrust of the public school establishment, state officials sought to clarify what students needed to know and to hold students and educators accountable for…

  18. Linking the Virginia SOL Assessments to NWEA MAP Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Evaluation Association, 2016

    2016-01-01

    Northwest Evaluation Association™ (NWEA™) is committed to providing partners with useful tools to help make inferences from the Measures of Academic Progress® (MAP®) interim assessment scores. Recently, NWEA completed a concordance study to connect the scales of the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL) reading and math tests with those of the MAP…

  19. Tragedy at Virginia Tech: Trauma and Its Aftermath

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynn, Christopher; Heitzmann, Dennis

    2008-01-01

    While college campuses are relatively safe environments, the promise of safety and security on campus was shattered by a single gunman on April 16, 2007. Seung-Hui Cho, a senior at Virginia Tech, shot 49 students and faculty, killing 32, before killing himself. The authors are psychologists and directors of university counseling centers; they…

  20. New plant bug (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae) records for West Virginia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Thirty-two species of Miridae are recorded for the first time from West Virginia. With an additional six species reported in the literature and two subsequent synonymies since the 1983 “Annotated List...” by Wheeler, Mason, and Henry, 284 species of Miridae are now known from the state. The new rec...

  1. Virginia's College and Career Ready Mathematics Performance Expectations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The Mathematics Performance Expectations (MPE) define the content and level of achievement students must reach to be academically prepared for success in entry-level, credit-bearing mathematics courses in college or career training. They were developed through a process that involved faculty from Virginia's two- and four-year colleges and…

  2. Directory of Academic Library Instruction Programs in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prince, William W., Ed.

    This directory of academic library instruction programs in Virginia reflects data compiled from 82 academic libraries that responded to a questionnaire sent out in August 1977. The institution libraries are listed with addresses, the name(s) of contact person(s), and a telephone number. The survey results are organized by the format and the type…

  3. Study of Life Themes in Charlotte Bronte and Virginia Woolf.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanTassel-Baska, Joyce

    1995-01-01

    This article explores the inner and outer forces that energized the lives of Charlotte Bronte and Virginia Woolf and influenced their talent development. Similarities in their lives, including adversity, autodidactism, practice of the writing craft, search for a mother figure, influence of place, loneliness, emotional support, and a philosophy of…

  4. Humor As a Weapon in Virginia Woolf's "Orlando."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hackett, Robin

    Virginia Woolf's "Orlando" is an excellent example of mock biography to use in literature classes concerned with analyzing literary genres. Woolf used humor to undermine some conventions of the genre of biography and to reform biography into a shape adequate to express the life of Vita Sackville-West. An ordinary biography most likely…

  5. Bearing Witness to Differends: Virginia Woolf and Postmodern Composition Pedagogies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Lisa L.

    Borrowing from Heidegger and following Pamela Caughie and Victor Vitanza, the work of Virginia Woolf can be linked to composition pedagogies to ask: "What are composition instructors still not thinking in relation to the postmodern?" An answer may be found through postmodern rereadings of Woolf's "A Room of One's Own" and…

  6. Black Leadership and Outside Allies in Virginia Freedom Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonastia, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    In July 1963, students from Queens College (QC) and a group of New York City teachers traveled to Prince Edward County (PEC), Virginia, to teach local black youth in Freedom Schools. The county had eliminated public education four years earlier to avoid a desegregation order. PEC Freedom Schools represented the first major effort to recruit an…

  7. Toward the Independent Self: A Conversation with Virginia Varga.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Joy

    1993-01-01

    Interviews Virginia Varga, Montessori teacher trainer and initiator of the first Montessori toddler program in the country. Discusses her childhood, how she became involved in Montessori, the benefits of the toddler program in terms of the child developing a sense of independence, and what Ms. Varga thinks the future holds for Montessori…

  8. Report on Virginia Tech Shootings Urges Clarification of Privacy Laws

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Karin

    2007-01-01

    Educators, mental-health officials, and law-enforcement officers often do not share information about troubled students because they are confused by what they can disclose under complex and overlapping privacy laws, according to a report on the Virginia Tech shootings. Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales and two other Bush cabinet secretaries…

  9. Automated Water Chemistry Control at University of Virginia Pools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krone, Dan

    1997-01-01

    Describes the technologically advanced aquatic and fitness center at the University of Virginia. Discusses the imprecise water chemistry control at the former facility and its intensive monitoring requirements. Details the new chemistry control standards initiated in the new center, which ensure constant chlorine and pH levels. (RJM)

  10. Higher Education, Globalization and Economic Development in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Council of Higher Education for Virginia, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In early 2009, the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV) initiated an effort to assess the status of the Commonwealth's international education programs. A survey was distributed to the public and private institutions, focusing on critical aspects of contemporary international education programs as identified by an ad hoc group of…

  11. Piedmont Virginia Community College Management Information Book, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piedmont Virginia Community Coll., Charlottesville, VA. Office of Institutional Research and Planning.

    This is the 14th PVCC Management Information handbook. Piedmont Virginia Community College (PVCC) is a two-year, state-supported college whose region includes Albemarle, Fluvanna, Greene, Louisa, and Nelson counties, as well as the northern half of Buckingham County and the city of Charlottesville. PVCC's unduplicated annual headcount for 2001-02…

  12. 77 FR 26321 - Virginia Electric and Power Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-03

    ... caused by an earthquake centered in Mineral, Virginia, approximately 10 miles from North Anna 1 and 2... tripped on ``negative flux rate'' rather than on loss of offsite power. (2) Subsequent to the earthquake... motion experienced at, and damage sustained to, North Anna 1 and 2, due to the earthquake of August...

  13. Determinants of Crime in Virginia: An Empirical Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ali, Abdiweli M.; Peek, Willam

    2009-01-01

    This paper is an empirical analysis of the determinants of crime in Virginia. Over a dozen explanatory variables that current literature suggests as important determinants of crime are collected. The data is from 1970 to 2000. These include economic, fiscal, demographic, political, and social variables. The regression results indicate that crime…

  14. Captain John Smith and the Enterprise of Virginia: Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schick, James B. M.

    1986-01-01

    This article describes the modern-day equivalent prices of items Captain John Smith required for colonists traveling from England to Virginia in 1624. Includes information on wages and cost of living in 1624 and today in the United States. Concludes that the colonists paid a high price for traveling to the New World. (JDH)

  15. Condition of Research at Virginia Colleges & Universities. A SCHEV Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sebring, Amy; Nardo, G. Paul

    To help facilitate focused and deliberate action, this report contains a current baseline assessment of the condition of research at colleges and universities in Virginia. The report brings together key sets of national data on research into one convenient place. It also provide a collection of many of the primary indicators used to assess how…

  16. Six-Year Educational Technology Plan for Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Technology.

    The Six-Year Educational Technology Plan for Virginia places emphasis on constructing and retrofitting schools for local and wide area networking; utilizing current and newer technologies in curriculum, instruction, and school management; providing training and technical assistance to all educators; and expanding access to effective teaching and…

  17. Physics in Virginia: The State of the State's Public Undergraduate and Graduate Physics Programs. A Report by the Virginia Task Force on Physics. Presented to Virginia's Colleges and Universities and the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Council of Higher Education, Richmond.

    This report, presented in nine parts, contains an executive summary and recommendations, historical background, the national context, a description of physics programs in Virginia for physics majors and those in other majors, a description of students' experiences in physics programs including alumni, an explanation of distribution of faculty…

  18. The Impact of Virginia's Career Information Delivery System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snipes, Juanita K.; McDaniels, Carl

    1984-01-01

    Reported the impact of Virginia's Vital Information for Education and Work (VIEW) System, which is modeled on the Michigan Occupational Information System (MOIS). Suggested that a statewide career information delivery system could serve as an impetus for generating excitement and new activities in local guidance programs. (LLL)

  19. National Environmental/Energy Workforce Assessment for West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Field Research Center Inc., Iowa City, IA.

    This report presents existing workforce levels, training programs and career potentials and develops staffing level projections (1976-1982) based on available information for the State of West Virginia. The study concerns itself with the environmental pollution control areas of air, noise, potable water, pesticides, radiation, solid waste,…

  20. National Environmental/Energy Workforce Assessment for Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Field Research Center Inc., Iowa City, IA.

    This report presents existing workforce levels, training programs and career potentials and develops staffing level projections (1976-1982) based on available information for the State of Virginia. The study concerns itself with the environmental pollution control areas of air, noise, potable water, pesticides, radiation, solid waste, wastewater,…

  1. 72. The Virginia Route 8 grade separation structure at Tuggle ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    72. The Virginia Route 8 grade separation structure at Tuggle Gap, built in 1954, is an example of a rigid frame structure built to pass over a secondary road. Notice the interior abutment wall has not been faced with stone. Looking to the north-northwest. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  2. 90. Virginia Route 608 grade separation structure. Built in 1966, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    90. Virginia Route 608 grade separation structure. Built in 1966, this concrete slab structure is typical of several with scored wing walls. These were only used on secondary state roads. View to the south. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  3. Selections from the ABC 2009 Annual Convention, Portsmouth, Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whalen, D. Joel

    2010-01-01

    The "My Favorite Assignment" Session at the 2009 Association for Business Communication (ABC) annual convention in Portsmouth, Virginia, featured over a dozen teachers sharing pedagogical innovations in a fast-paced, 4-minute format designed by Dan Dietrich. The wide variety of ideas and techniques presented makes these sessions popular…

  4. Virginia Western Community College's Health Technology Admissions Evaluation System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston, Charles A.; Sellers, Harry

    Due to factors such as high enrollment demands, limited institutional space, and high program costs, certain admissions requirements in the guidance/selection of students for health technology programs at Virginia Western Community College (VWCC) have become necessary. A Health Technology Admissions Evaluation System was created to develop and…

  5. DIOXINS AND ENDOMETRIOSIS: COHORT STUDY OF WOMEN IN WEST VIRGINIA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Kanawha Valley of West Virginia has a history of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin contamination (dioxin, TCDD). The bulk of the dioxin found in this area appears to be derived from the production of 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) and the disposal of associated wa...

  6. West Virginia Department of Education Governor's Summer Youth Enhancement Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDaniel, Charles, Jr.; Davis, Alta

    The West Virginia Department of Education created and implemented a computer-assisted summer remediation program for Job Training Partnership Act-eligible students who were academically deficient. The curriculum had four components: mathematics computation, reading comprehension, personal guidance, and career exploration. Sites in 12 county school…

  7. Virginia Offshore Wind Cost Reduction Through Innovation Study (VOWCRIS) (Poster)

    SciTech Connect

    Maples, B.; Campbell, J.; Arora, D.

    2014-10-01

    The VOWCRIS project is an integrated systems approach to the feasibility-level design, performance, and cost-of-energy estimate for a notional 600-megawatt offshore wind project using site characteristics that apply to the Wind Energy Areas of Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina.

  8. Marketing Plan 1983-1984. Northern Virginia Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilhelmi, Charlotte; And Others

    A 1983-84 marketing plan is presented for Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC), which is designed to maximize the effective use of shrinking resources to meet the needs of the college's clientele. After introductory material discusses the problems and challenges facing NVCC and the role of marketing in understanding the environment in which…

  9. Middle School Students' Perceived Access to Cigarettes in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Speizer, Ilene S.; Bean, Melanie K.; Obando, Patricia; Fries, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To examine correlates of perceived access to cigarettes at home, school, and the store among youth. Methods: Virginia middle school youth were surveyed before beginning tobacco prevention programs. Multivariate analyses examined household smoking, peer smoking, and perceived community tobacco use for their relationship to perceived…

  10. AMHCA and VMHCA Members in Private Practice in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seligman, Linda; Whitely, Nancy

    1983-01-01

    Surveyed 58 Virginia mental health counselors in private practice to examine working hours, fees, and the nature of their practices. Results showed most respondents had only a part time private practice and were employed elsewhere as well. The bulk of their counseling consisted of individual and family counseling. (JAC)

  11. Profile of State High School Exit Exam Policies. Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center on Education Policy, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This individual profile provides information on Virginia's high school exit exam standards and policies. Some of the categories presented include: (1) State exit exam policy; (2) Type of Test; (3) Purpose; (4) Major changes in exit exam policy since the 2009-10 school year for financial reasons; (5) Subjects tested on exam; (6) Grade exam first…

  12. Educational Quality, Outcomes Assessment, and Policy Change: The Virginia Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culver, Steve

    2010-01-01

    The higher education system in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States provides a case model for how discussions regarding educational quality and assessment of that quality have affected institutions' policy decisions and implementation. Using Levin's (1998) policy analysis framework, this essay explores how assessment of student…

  13. Principal Quality, ISLLC Standards, and Student Achievement: A Virginia Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owings, William A.; Kaplan, Leslie S.; Nunnery, John

    2005-01-01

    A significant relationship exists between principals' quality at certain grade levels and student achievement on the Virginia Standards of Learning tests. A statewide study finds principals rated higher on school leadership as measured by an Interstate School Leadership Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) Standards rubric. These schools have higher…

  14. Going the Last Mile: Connecting Virginia's Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hengehold, Larry

    2001-01-01

    Reports that Virginia's community colleges have joined the partnership to establish a statewide Internet2 (I2) next-generation network. I2 will provide enough bandwidth capacity to allow robust distance education initiatives and a converged network--which implies that voice, data, and video traffic is carried over one physical structure--and to…

  15. Varsity Hall: The Infirmary at the University of Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christmas, William A.; Turner, James C.

    2008-01-01

    In the past 5 years, an important treasure for the field of college health was rediscovered and has been completely renovated. It is the original student infirmary, now called Varsity Hall, at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. Varsity Hall is a significant rediscovery for those who are interested in the history of college health. This…

  16. 78 FR 2708 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00052

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Virginia Disaster Number VA-00052 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 1... completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and Disbursement...

  17. The Virginia Geocoin Adventure: An Experiential Geospatial Learning Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Laura; McGee, John; Campbell, James; Hays, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Geospatial technologies have become increasingly prevalent across our society. Educators at all levels have expressed a need for additional resources that can be easily adopted to support geospatial literacy and state standards of learning, while enhancing the overall learning experience. The Virginia Geocoin Adventure supports the needs of 4-H…

  18. The Differential Effects of Preschool: Evidence from Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Francis L.; Invernizzi, Marcia A.; Drake, E. Allison

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the differential and persistent effects of a state-funded pre-K program, the Virginia Preschool Initiative (VPI). We analyzed data from a cohort of over 60,000 students nested in approximately 1000 schools from the beginning of kindergarten to the end of first grade using two-level hierarchical logistic regression models.…

  19. EAARL coastal topography-Virginia, post-Nor'Ida, 2009

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bonisteel-Cormier, J.M.; Nayegandhi, Amar; Fredericks, Xan; Klipp, E.S.; Nagle, D.B.; Vivekanandan, Saisudha; Wright, C.W.; Sallenger, A.H.; Brock, J.C.

    2011-01-01

    This DVD contains lidar-derived first-surface (FS) and bare-earth (BE) topography GIS datasets of a portion of the Virginia coastline beachface. These datasets were acquired post-Nor'Ida on November 27, 2009, November 29, 2009, and December 1, 2009.

  20. EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS IN VIRGINIA FOR FIELDS RELATED TO HEALTH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCGLOTHLIN, WILLIAM J.

    FOR EACH OF 18 HEALTH RELATED OCCUPATIONS, THE REPORT IDENTIFIES MAJOR NEEDS, OUTLINES THE RELEVANT EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM, AND RECOMMENDS ACTION. COMMENTS GO BEYOND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS ALONE, FOR IN SOME FIELDS THE PROBLEM FOR VIRGINIA IS NOT HOW TO EDUCATE MORE STUDENTS BUT HOW TO RETAIN MORE GRADUATES IN THE STATE. THE STUDY COMMITTEE RECOMMENDS…

  1. 77 FR 51100 - Virginia Disaster No. VA-00048

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-23

    ... ADMINISTRATION Virginia Disaster No. VA-00048 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 1.... ADDRESSES: Submit completed loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and..., Office of Disaster Assistance, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street, SW., Suite...

  2. Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook. Standards, Criteria and Guidelines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Soil and Water Conservation Commission, Richmond, VA.

    Guidelines and technical standards for development of local erosion and sediment control programs and conservation standards to meet the goals established by the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control law are presented in this handbook. Part I defines natural and manmade erosion, sedimentation, and the hazards of uncontrolled wear and damage to the…

  3. Phase II Assessment; Richmond Virginia Career Opportunities Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bessent, Hattie; Cage, B. N.

    The Career Opportunities Program (COP) in Richmond, Virginia, which trained teachers from disadvantaged areas to return to the classrooms in these areas, was assessed. Fifty COP aides and 50 control students were administered opinionnaires, semantic differentials, and How I See Myself Self Concept Scale, and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Five…

  4. West Virginia Women Business Owners: Current Study and Trends Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holup, Linda L.; FitzGerald, Kathleen M.

    This report profiles current West Virginia women business owners and notes significant trends in the last eight years. It highlights a subgroup of women business owners, specifically low income, single women with children. These survey areas are discussed: industry sector, type of ownership, reasons for going/not going into business, planning…

  5. Virginia Community Colleges in the Eighties. [Proceedings of a Conference.] (Blacksburg, Virginia, September 22-23, 1980).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Johnnie R., Ed.; Clowes, Darrel A., Ed.

    Major issues likely to affect the community colleges in Virginia in the 1980s are highlighted in this conference proceedings. First, panel presentations by Gordon K. Davies, J. Wade Gilley, James H. Hinson, Jr., and Joseph Fordyce address the role of the State Council in Higher Education and its perspectives on the coming decade, legislative and…

  6. 76 FR 6638 - Virginia Electric and Power Company D/B/A/ Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... North Anna Power Station (NAPS) site located in Louisa County, Virginia. The NAPS property is located on..., Unit 3, would be located adjacent to the existing NAPS Units 1 and 2. Dominion's revision to its COL... operating a new unit at the NAPS site and identify the significant issues arising from the change in...

  7. Population Change in West Virginia 1950-1970. West Virginia University Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station Bulletin 658.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sizer, Leonard M.

    Growth patterns of the national economy during the 1950's and 1960's have not been shared by the state of West Virginia; towns and rural areas have lost population and job opportunities have declined. The switch to petroleum products and advanced mining technology displaced many coal mine workers. A national food surplus and the difficulty in…

  8. Autism in Virginia: A Statewide Study. Summary. [and] A Study of Statewide Services for Persons with Autism in Virginia. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bauserman, Deborah; And Others

    The two documents combined here both pertain to the same 18 month study of autism in the state of Virginia. "Autism in Virginia" is a six page summary of the 250 page final report; it is intended for parents and professionals needing to get at the highlights of the larger document. The final report presents detailed findings from a study…

  9. Refocusing Higher Education in Virginia: A Presentation to Members of the Chichester Commission on the Future of Higher Education in Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewberry, Sidney O.; Jennelle, Ernest M.

    This report presents a perspective and analysis of the current state and future direction of the state higher education system in Virginia and recommends a comprehensive legislative package that will ensure the quality and economic viability of Virginia's system into the next century. Concerns about educational quality and state commitment to…

  10. Encyclopedia of Explosives and Related Items. Volume 8

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-01-01

    Virginia 22151 1-800-553-6847 USA only 703-605-6000 www.ntis.gov/FCPC The contents of these volumes are UNCLASSIFIED The distribution of these volumes is...change in editorial policy which is reflected in the contents of Volume 8. There has been a marked de-emphasis on the inclusion of organic "parent...34optional" p L43-R, fifth paragraph (Ref 29, p 344) instead of (Ref 30, p 344) IV TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Preface

  11. Hydrogeology and water quality of the Leetown area, West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kozar, Mark D.; McCoy, Kurt J.; Weary, David J.; Field, Malcolm S.; Pierce, Herbert A.; Schill, William Bane; Young, John A.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey’s Leetown Science Center and the co-located U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture both depend on large volumes of cold clean ground water to support research operations at their facilities. Currently, ground-water demands are provided by three springs and two standby production wells used to augment supplies during periods of low spring flow. Future expansion of research operations at the Leetown Science Center is dependent on assessing the availability and quality of water to the facilities and in locating prospective sites for additional wells to augment existing water supplies. The hydrogeology of the Leetown area, West Virginia, is a structurally complex karst aquifer. Although the aquifer is a karst system, it is not typical of most highly cavernous karst systems, but is dominated by broad areas of fractured rock drained by a relatively small number of solution conduits. Characterization of the aquifer by use of fluorometric tracer tests, a common approach in most karst terranes, therefore only partly defines the hydrogeologic setting of the area. In order to fully assess the hydrogeology and water quality in the vicinity of Leetown, a multi-disciplinary approach that included both fractured rock and karst research components was needed. The U.S. Geological Survey developed this multi-disciplinary research effort to include geologic, hydrologic, geophysical, geographic, water-quality, and microbiological investigations in order to fully characterize the hydrogeology and water quality of the Leetown area, West Virginia. Detailed geologic and karst mapping provided the framework on which hydrologic investigations were based. Fracture trace and lineament analysis helped locate potential water-bearing fractures and guided installation of monitoring wells. Monitoring wells were drilled for borehole geophysical surveys, water-quality sampling, water-level measurements, and aquifer tests to

  12. Chemical composition of streams during low flow; Fairfax County, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Larson, J.D.

    1978-01-01

    Water samples were collected and stream discharges were measured at 49 sites in Fairfax County, Virginia during a period of low flow in August 1977. In addition, pesticide and metal content of residue on stream-bottom sediments from several major streams in the county were analysed. Waters from the streams in Fairfax County have generally good chemical quality during low flow. One stream in Vienna, Virginia has a high sodium chloride content, suggesting an upstream discharge of salty water. Higher concentrations of dissolved, solids reflect both the effects of geology and urbanization. Streams draining Triassic rocks in the western section of the county are characterized by the greatest natural concentration of dissolved minerals in the water. The concentrations of pesticide and metal residue associated with bottom sediments suggest a low level of pollution in the streams. One site in western Fairfax County contained above-normal levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) in the stream sediments.

  13. Solar space and water heating system installed at Charlottesville, Virginia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    The solar energy system located at David C. Wilson Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Charlottesville, Virginia, is described. The solar energy system consists of 88 single glazed, Sunworks 'Solector' copper base plate collector modules, hot water coils in the hot air ducts, a Domestic Hot Water (DHW) preheat tank, a 3,000 gallon concrete urethane insulated storage tank and other miscellaneous components. Extracts from the site files, specifications, drawings, installation, operation and maintenance instructions are included.

  14. Remote Research Mentoring of Virginia High School Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corby, Joanna; Dirienzo, W. J.; Beaton, R.; Pennucci, T.; Zasowski, G.

    2013-01-01

    Graduate students at the University of Virginia (UVa) are volunteering as research advisors on astronomy projects for Virginia's science and technology high schools. In previous years, we have worked with more than a dozen students through a research class at Central Virginia Governor's School in Lynchburg to develop an astronomy research curriculum that teaches background concepts and terminology, guides students in data analysis, and prepares them to present material in poster and oral forums. In our fourth year of operation, we are continuing to work with Central Virginia Governor's School and adapting the research curriculum to an independent course at Roanoke Valley Governor's School in Roanoke. Because both schools are far from UVa in Charlottesville, the program operates remotely; graduate advisors and high school students interact through "virtual" means, establishing a successful framework for meaningful remote mentoring. In the current year, six students will complete projects on astrophysical topics including megamasers, astrochemistry, and pulsars using data taken by the Green Bank Telescope (GBT). Students at Roanoke Valley were directly trained on the GBT as part of a separate outreach program called the Pulsar Search Collaboratory, and all six students will receive hands-on experience in handling GBT data. The current projects are components of larger research efforts by graduate student and professional level researchers, so that the projects contribute to high-level projects only possible with the GBT. This stands as a rare outreach program that uses the principle of “deliberative practice” to train high school students in the development of skills that are crucial to success in science. Furthermore, it provides graduate students with an opportunity to plan and advise research projects, developing a skill set that is required in more advanced academic positions. Our poster discusses the implementation of our online curriculum in two distinct

  15. Solar space and water heating system installed at Charlottesville, Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Greer, Charles R.

    1980-09-01

    The solar energy system located at David C. Wilson Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Charlottesville, Virginia, consists of 88 single glazed, Sunworks Solector copper base plate collector modules; hot water coils in the hot air ducts; a domestic hot water (DHW) preheat tank; a 3,000 gallon concrete urethane-insulated storage tank and other miscellaneous components. This report includes extracts from the site files, specifications, drawings, installation, operation and maintenance instructions.

  16. Argus Energy WV, LLC wins 2007 Wetlands West Virginia Award

    SciTech Connect

    2007-07-15

    Argus Energy's Kiah Creek Operation has received the 2007 Wetlands West Virginia Award presented by the West Virginian Coal Association. The operation was originally a 1267 acre underground mine in the Coalburg seam. Underground mining commenced in 2000 until the end of 2003 with more than two million tons of coal being produced. The creation of the wetlands was achieved during the operations. 8 photos.

  17. 19. Virginia Route 605 grade separation structure. This reinforced concrete ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Virginia Route 605 grade separation structure. This reinforced concrete rigid frame structure. This reinforced concrete rigid frame structure was built in 1950. It is an example of the most common ornament used on the parkway where the headwall, wingwalls, and railing is faced rusticated stone, but not the interior abutment walls and the bottom of the arch are plain concrete. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  18. Fossils from bore holes on the Eastern Shore Peninsula, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Todd, Ruth; Gardner, Julia A.; Sohn, I.G.

    1955-01-01

    This report lists Foraminifera, Mollusca, and Ostracoda in five bore holes that penetrated a maximum of 445 feet of section in sediments of Pleistocene and Miocene age, and discusses the paleoecologic and stratigraphic significance of the fossils. It includes the contents of references 6, 16, and 18 of Virginia Division of Geology Mineral Resources Circular No. 2, dealing with the geology and groundwater resources of the Eastern Shore peninsula.

  19. 52. Virginia Route 666. This single span structure, built in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    52. Virginia Route 666. This single span structure, built in 1962, is an example of a spandrel arch grade separation structure with a roman arch over a state secondary road. The bridge is constructed of reinforced concrete, backfilled with earth and has a thick stone veneer. Looking east-northeast at elevation. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  20. 55. Virginia Route 688 grade separation structure. This structure, built ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    55. Virginia Route 688 grade separation structure. This structure, built in 1960, is an example of several concrete box culverts built primarily in the late 1950's and early 1960's. They are simply plain concrete with now ornamentation. These structures were used only on lesser used secondary paved roads or dirt roads. View is looking south. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  1. Virginia Union University STEM Education for Pre Service Educators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frink, K.; Rasheed, A.; Crawford, P.; Stewart, K.

    2014-12-01

    The collaboration focuses on the preparation of the next generation of pre service educators to address the pedagogy of climate change educators. With an emphasis on how to address climate change at faith base institutions in the demographic of Minority Serving Institutions. Through partnership with NASA, ECSU, UNH, VUU and other partnering institutions and or agencies this presentation will present on best practices and lessons learned on the campus of Virginia Union University.

  2. Holocene submergence of the Eastern Shore of Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Newman, W.S.; Rusnak, G.A.

    1965-01-01

    Radiocarbon ages of basal peats 4500 years old or younger and the thickness of salt-marsh peat in the lagoon east of Wachapreague, Virginia, are nearly the same as those of equivalent samples from New Jersey and Cape Cod. This suggests that these coasts have had similar submergence histories. Data obtained from the coasts of Connecticut and northeastern Massachusetts indicate that the Atlantic coast of the United States has been differentially warped during the later Holocene.

  3. Biological Pilot Plant Study at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-10-01

    for the rotating biological disc studies consisted of water dry waste, pretreated NG-1 or NG-2 wastes, fire water and a small amount of settled sew...age. THe fire water , which is simply filtered river water used for fire protection, and the water dry waste were blended to achieve a COD of...consisted of water dry waste, NG-I or NG-2 wastes, fire water and at times a small amount of settled sewage. Because of the extreme variations in

  4. Insulation of Nitrocellulose Boiling Tubs at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-03-01

    Manufactured oy Pittsburg-Corning. 1 nW I. Zero permeability per ASTM C355 2. Low thermal expansion 3. High relative compressive strength 4. Lightweight 5...were used, one for steam flow between 0 and 680 kg/hr ( 0 lb and 1501) [b/hr), arid a second one for flows between b80 kg and 3402 kg/hr (1500 lb and...less than 96 0 C. At other times the autocontrol sensor had the steam valve open when the manual sensor showed more than 96 0 C. The single sensor

  5. Removal of DNT from Wastewaters at Radford Army Ammunition Plant

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-31

    toxic. Microbial degradation was further evaluated using industrial seed comprised of four bacterial genera (Acinetobacter, Alcaligenes ...Flavobacterium, and Pseudomonas ) and one yeast (Rhodotorula) for comparison to municipal seed. A Warburg respirometer was utilized according to the Umbreit (1972

  6. The (Im)possibility of the Project: Radford Address

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Bill

    2010-01-01

    In this address, the author engages both with the possibility "and" the impossibility of the educational project--and suggests something of what it means to say this. His presentation is specifically addressed to the theme of the (im)possibility of the educational project. He draws from philosophy, literature, psychoanalysis and history,…

  7. Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-26

    U.S. Nuclear Weapons: Changes in Policy and Force Structure, by Amy F. Woolf . . Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement...CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement...REPORT DATE 26 MAY 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack

  8. Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement...DATE 01 MAR 2012 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2012 to 00-00-2012 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement Congressional Research

  9. Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-30

    CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement...30 JUL 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine...Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement Congressional Research Service

  10. Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-28

    CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement...DATE 28 SEP 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement Congressional Research

  11. Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-21

    CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement...DATE 21 APR 2011 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement Congressional Research Service

  12. Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-08

    Changes in Policy and Force Structure, by Amy F. Woolf . . Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement Congressional Research...CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement...REPORT DATE 08 JUL 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack

  13. Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-12

    CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement...DATE 12 APR 2011 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement Congressional Research Service

  14. First collection of rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Cyprinidae), in the New River, West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Easton, R.S.; Orth, D.J.; Burkhead, N.M.

    1993-01-01

    We collected the first rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Cyprinidae), from the New (Kanawha) River drainage, West Virginia. The rudd has now been reported from 12 states (Arkansas, Kansas, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Missouri, New York, Oklahoma, Virginia, Wisconsin, and West Virginia) and several major river systems. The rapid spread of the rudd has apparently been facilitated by bait dealers. Despite its widespread distribution, there have been no investigations of potential interactions with native aquatic fauna.

  15. Physicians' perceptions of doctor shopping in West Virginia.

    PubMed

    Shaffer, E Gail; Moss, Alvin H

    2010-01-01

    Prescription drug abuse and diversion continue to be serious problems in West Virginia and nationwide. Doctor shopping (visiting multiple doctors in a short time frame with the intent to deceive them to obtain controlled substances) is illegal and one way that patients gain access to prescription drugs. We surveyed West Virginia physicians in emergency medicine, family medicine, and internal medicine to determine their experience with and attitudes toward doctor shopping, and to assess attitudes toward proposed legislation to protect physicians who report doctor shoppers to law enforcement officials. Of 452 physicians surveyed, 258 responded (57%). Emergency medicine physicians had the highest response rate (61%) and most frequent encounters (once a week or more often) with doctor shoppers compared to family medicine and internal medicine physicians (88% vs 25% vs 14%, P < .001). Eighty-one percent of physicians reported using the West Virginia Board of Pharmacy Controlled Substances Monitoring Program website, but only 22 percent presently report doctor shoppers. If the law protected them, 85 percent of all physicians reported they would be likely to report doctor shoppers.

  16. The 2011 Virginia earthquake: What are scientists learning?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horton, J. Wright, Jr.; Williams, Robert A.

    2012-08-01

    Nearly 1 year ago, on 23 August, tens of millions of people in the eastern United States and southeastern Canada were startled in the middle of their workday (1:51 P.M. local time) by the sudden onset of moderate to strong ground shaking from a rare magnitude (M) 5.8 earthquake in central Virginia. Treating the shaking as if it were a fire drill, millions of workers in Washington, D. C., New York City, and other eastern cities hurriedly exited their buildings, exposing themselves to potentially greater danger from falling bricks and glass; "drop, cover, and hold" would have been a better response. Fortunately, the strong shaking stopped after about 5 seconds and did not cause widespread severe damage or serious injuries. The central Virginia earthquake, among the largest on the eastern seaboard during the approximately 400-year historic record, occurred as the result of reverse slip on a previously unrecognized north-to-northeast striking fault within the Central Virginia seismic zone (CVSZ) (Figure 1a). Many old faults are mapped in the CVSZ, yet no individual strands were previously confirmed to be active. However, persistent low-level seismicity has been observed during historical times, and instrumental recordings since about 1970 detect ongoing distributed seismicity within the CVSZ [Bollinger and Hopper, 1971], which has been identified by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as an area of elevated earthquake hazard since 1976 [Algermissen and Perkins, 1976].

  17. Erosional and Depositional Aspects of Hurricane Camille in Virginia, 1969

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Williams, Garnett P.; Guy, Harold P.

    1973-01-01

    Probably the worst natural disaster in central Virginia's recorded history was the flood resuiting from an 8-hour deluge of about 28 inches (710 mm) of rain on the night of August 19-20, 1969. This study examines some of the intensive sediment erosion and deposition that resulted from the storm and flood. Most of the 150 people whom the flood killed in this mountainous area died from broken bones and other blunt-force injuries, rather than by drowning. The transport of sediment and other debris by the water therefore was very significant in loss of life and in property damage. Erosion resulted mainly from debris avalanches down the mountain-sides and channel scour along streams and head-water tributaries. Total amounts of sediment yield from certain mountainous areas in Nelson County were about 3.2-4.6 million cubic feet per square mile, probably the equivalent of several thousand years of normal denudation. Characteristics of the debris avalanches were that (1) they usually followed pre-existing depressions on hillsides and occurred on slopes greater than 35 percent, (2) the upslope tip of the avalanche scar tended to be located at the steepest part of the hillside, where the convex slope merged with the concave or planar zone immediately below, (3) hillsides facing north, northeast and east were more susceptible to avalanching than slopes facing other directions, and (4) debris-avalanches caused rapid and devastating surges of water and sediment in the mountain-stream channels. Such surges in some instances temporarily blocked the channel flow upstream. Slightly more than half of the total sediment contributed to the stream system was from erosion of stream channels. Channel erosion was very irregularly distributed; some ravines 10-20 feet wide and 5-10 feet deep were scoured in places which formerly had only a very small channel, whereas other channels only a few hundred yards away experienced little or no channel erosion. By the use of figures for the total

  18. Preliminary assessment report for Virginia Army National Guard Army Aviation Support Facility, Richmond International Airport, Installation 51230, Sandston, Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Dennis, C.B.

    1993-09-01

    This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Virginia Army National Guard (VaARNG) property in Sandston, Virginia. The Army Aviation Support Facility (AASF) is contiguous with the Richmond International Airport. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The PA is designed to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment. The AASF, originally constructed as an active Air Force interceptor base, provides maintenance support for VaARNG aircraft. Hazardous materials used and stored at the facility include JP-4 jet fuel, diesel fuel, gasoline, liquid propane gas, heating oil, and motor oil.

  19. 76 FR 13569 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revisions to the Open...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... to the Open Burning Regulations AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule... Commonwealth of Virginia. The revisions recodify the open burning regulations which are currently in...

  20. Thinning response of a white pine stand on a reclaimed surface mine in southwestern Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Casselman, C.N.; Fox, T.R.; Burger, J.A.

    2007-03-15

    White pine (Pinus strobus L) is planted extensively following reclamation of surface-mined land in the eastern coalfields. Little information exists on the productive potential of forests growing on reclaimed mined land and the response of these forests to intermediate stand treatments such as thinning. A thinning study was established in a 17-year-old white pine stand growing on a reclaimed surface mine in Vise County in southwest Virginia. A random complete block design was used to evaluate the growth response 9 growing seasons after thinning, when the stand was 26 years old. Stand parameters were projected to age 30 using a stand table projection. Site index of the stand was found to be 105 ft of a base age of 50 years. Thinning increased the diameter growth of the residual trees to 0.3 in. year{sup -1} compared with 0.2 in. year{sup -1} for the unthinned treatment; however, at age 26, there was no difference in volume or value per acre, When projected to age 30, the unthinned treatment had a volume of 6,530 ft(3) ac{sup -1} but was only worth $3,564 ac{sup -1}, whereas the thinned treatment was projected to have 6,654 ft{sup 3} ac{sup -1}, which was worth $4,559 ac{sup -1} due to a larger percentage of the volume in saw timber size classes. These results indicate that commercial forestry is a viable alternative for reclamation of surface-mined lands and that stands growing on reclaimed mined land can respond well to intermediate stand treatments.

  1. A Study of Tracking and Ability Grouping in Mathematics and Science Courses in Virginia's Secondary Schools. House Document No. 58. Report of the Department of Education to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond.

    This study was conducted to determine the status of tracking and ability grouping for mathematics and science courses in the public secondary schools of Virginia as required by the General Assembly of Virginia. Guided by Virginia's standards for accrediting public schools that deal with instructional programs, the study team sought to determine if…

  2. State Oversight of Commercial Driver-Training Schools in Virginia. House Document No. 5. Report of the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State General Assembly, Richmond. Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission.

    In 1998, Virginia's Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission (JLARC) was directed to evaluate the effectiveness of the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicle's (DMV's) oversight of commercial driver training schools (CDTS) in Virginia. The evaluation included the following research activities: mail surveys of DMV CDTS oversight staff and CDTS…

  3. 77 FR 76415 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Redesignation of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-28

    ...; Redesignation of the West Virginia Portion of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 1997 Annual Fine Particulate... Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP) requested that the West Virginia portion of the Huntington- Ashland, WV-KY-OH fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) nonattainment area (``Huntington-Ashland Area''...

  4. 78 FR 41187 - Driver Qualifications: Skill Performance Evaluation; Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Driver Qualifications: Skill Performance Evaluation; Virginia...), on behalf of truck and bus drivers who are licensed in the Commonwealth of Virginia and need a Skill...: You may submit comments bearing the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) number FMCSA-2013-0147...

  5. A Statewide Examination of College Access Services and Resources in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alleman, Nathan F.; Stimpson, Racheal L.; Holly, L. Neal

    2009-01-01

    In the summer of 2008, the Commonwealth of Virginia was awarded a $1.1 million grant from the U. S. Department of Education. The College Access Challenge Grant Program (CACGP) is coordinated through the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV). The focus of the grant is to increase student access to postsecondary education,…

  6. 77 FR 65493 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West Virginia's Ambient Air Quality Standards AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... Legislative Rule, 45 CSR 8- Ambient Air Quality Standards. The amendments change the effective date of...

  7. 78 FR 63878 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revised Ambient Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revised Ambient Air Quality Standards for Fine Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... Commonwealth of Virginia State Implementation Plan (SIP). The revisions add ambient air quality standards...

  8. 77 FR 65520 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-29

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West Virginia's Ambient Air Quality Standards AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... CSR 8--Ambient Air Quality Standards. In the Final Rules section of this Federal Register, EPA...

  9. 78 FR 63933 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revised Ambient Air...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revised Ambient Air Quality Standards for Fine Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... submitted by the Commonwealth of Virginia adding ambient air quality standards and associated...

  10. 76 FR 33193 - Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-08

    ... Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State.... ACTION: Notice of Availability of proposed changes in the Virginia NRCS State Technical Guide for review... changes must be made in the NRCS State Technical Guide specifically in practice standards: 351, Water...

  11. 75 FR 33761 - Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-15

    ... Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State.... ACTION: Notice of availability of proposed changes in the Virginia NRCS State Technical Guide for review... changes must be made in the NRCS State Technical Guide specifically in practice standards: 366,...

  12. 75 FR 62759 - Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ... Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State.... ACTION: Notice of Availability of proposed changes in the Virginia NRCS State Technical Guide for review... changes must be made in the NRCS State Technical Guide specifically in practice standards: 362,...

  13. Sanitary Survey of the Schools of Orange County, Virginia. Report of an Investigation by the Virginia State Board of Health, the Department of Education of the University of Virginia, and the Virginia State Department of Education. Bulletin, 1914, No. 17. Whole Number 590

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flannagan, Roy K.

    1914-01-01

    In January, 1913, Ennion U. William, M. D., commissioner of health of Virginia; Hon. Joseph D. Eggleston, retiring superintendent of public instruction; R. C. Stearns, his successor; and W. H. Heck, Ph. D., professor of education in the University of Virginia, projected an intensive survey of the white and colored schools and school children of…

  14. Security on Virginia's Campuses. Report of the State Council of Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Council of Higher Education, Richmond.

    This report is in response to a Virginia state legislature mandate of a study of security on the campuses of Virginia public institutions of higher education. The study scope included institutional characteristics, security department characteristics, personnel and training, information about relations on and off campus, needs and concerns of the…

  15. Emerging from Resistance: The Origins of the Virginia Technical College System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodges, Richard Allen

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore factors leading to the founding of the Virginia Technical College System (VTCS). These factors are observed primarily within the timeframe of 1954-1966. The Virginia Community College System (VCCS) evolved from the Technical College System, and began in 1964. Classes started at the first technical colleges…

  16. 78 FR 31840 - Safety Zone; USO Patriotic Festival Air Show, Atlantic Ocean; Virginia Beach, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-28

    ... Ocean; Virginia Beach, VA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast... Beach, VA. This action is necessary to provide for the safety of life on navigable waters during the USO... Concerts Entertainment, Inc. will host an air show event over the Atlantic Ocean in Virginia Beach, VA....

  17. The Virginia Survey. Results from a Statewide Survey on Higher Education and Environmental Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilley, J. Wade; Dietz, Thomas

    The study described in this report was designed to measure the attitudes of Virginians towards higher education in Virginia and towards some environmental problems facing the Commonwealth. The survey questioned 517 Virginia citizens over age 18 whose households were chosen through random-digit-telephone dialing. Among the findings of the survey…

  18. Comparison of Virginia's 2009 Mathematics Standards of Learning with the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This first draft of the "Comparison of Virginia's 2009 Mathematics Standards of Learning (SOL) with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Mathematics" provides a side-by-side overview demonstrating how the 2009 Mathematics SOL are aligned to the CCSS. The comparison was made using Virginia's complete standards program for supporting…

  19. VA State Profile. Virginia: Standards of Learning (SOL) End-of-Course Exams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides information about Virginia's Standards of Learning (SOL) End-of-Course Exams. The purpose of the end-of-course assessments is to measure the achievement of students on the Standards of Learning adopted by the Virginia Board of Education for specific high school courses, and to ensure that students graduating from Virginia…

  20. Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn. Teaching with Historic Places.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Mary; Wilson, Sara

    This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file, "University of Virginia Historic District," and other primary and secondary materials about Thomas Jefferson and the ctreation of the University of Virginia. Thomas Jefferson did not begin the effort of designing the University of Virginia…

  1. 76 FR 36471 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Adoption of the Revised...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... of the Revised Nitrogen Dioxide Standard AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION... the Commonwealth of Virginia for the purpose of adding the new 1-hour nitrogen dioxide (NO 2... Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Adoption of the Revised Nitrogen Dioxide...

  2. A Descriptive Study of Response to Intervention (RTI) Implementation at the Elementary Level in West Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Sarah L.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe levels of RTI implementation in West Virginia elementary schools. Little is known about the national efforts that states are collectively undertaking to scale up implementation of RTI (Hoover, Baca, Wexler-Love, & Saenz, 2008). West Virginia's elementary schools were required by state policy to…

  3. We're Still Here: Contemporary Virginia Indians Tell Their Stories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waugaman, Sandra F.; Moretti-Langholtz, Danielle

    Except for discussions of the early colonial period, the American Indians of Virginia are invisible in history textbooks, leading many people to assume that the state's Indian population vanished long ago. This book shares the unique stories of some of Virginia's Indian people, providing an insight into the history, education, and cultural…

  4. Miles to Go: A Report on School Segregation in Virginia, 1989-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2013-01-01

    Virginia has a long and complicated history with school desegregation efforts. It is a state that can lay claim both to advancing the goals of "Brown v. Board of Education" and to impeding them. Over the years, this history has helped shape contemporary patterns of school segregation across Virginia and in her major metropolitan areas.…

  5. Findings from the 2012 West Virginia Online Writing Scoring Comparability Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hixson, Nate; Rhudy, Vaughn

    2013-01-01

    Student responses to the West Virginia Educational Standards Test (WESTEST) 2 Online Writing Assessment are scored by a computer-scoring engine. The scoring method is not widely understood among educators, and there exists a misperception that it is not comparable to hand scoring. To address these issues, the West Virginia Department of Education…

  6. 76 FR 4537 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Adoption of the Revised...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-26

    ...EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the Commonwealth of Virginia State Implementation Plan (SIP). The revisions add the primary and secondary lead standards of 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter ([mu]g/m\\3\\), related reference conditions, and update the list of appendices under ``Documents Incorporated by Reference.'' Virginia's SIP revisions for the national ambient air......

  7. 77 FR 513 - Virginia; Amendment No. 4 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-05

    ... Legal Services; 97.034, Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA); 97.046, Fire Management Assistance Grant... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Virginia; Amendment No. 4 to Notice of a Major Disaster... notice of a major disaster declaration for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-4042-DR), dated November...

  8. Quality Child Care in Virginia. Critical Issues in Child Care. White Paper 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Suzanne Clark; Baratka, Talley V.; Wood, Lisa

    This paper on child care is one of four to be published by the Action Alliance for Virginia's Children. The papers are based on the most comprehensive data available on child care in Virginia, recent scholarly research from both social science and neuroscience, and the best judgment of leading professionals in the fields of education and child…

  9. 75 FR 6305 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Removal of NOX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ... Plan (SIP). The revision removes West Virginia's nitrogen oxides (NO X ) SIP Call rules. EPA is... trading program by including them in regulation 45CSR40--Control of Ozone Season Nitrogen Oxide Emissions to Mitigate Interstate Transport of Ozone and Nitrogen Oxides CAIR. In addition, West Virginia...

  10. Persecution and Acceptance: The Strange History of Discrimination against Married Women Teachers in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Robert J.

    1997-01-01

    In 1911, West Virginia teacher Hallie James was fired because she married. In 1914, the West Virginia Supreme Court ruled that marriage was not grounds for her contract revocation. Nevertheless, school boards continued to enforce policies discriminating against married women until 1943, and similar policies concerning pregnancy were enforced well…

  11. EPA Awards Grant to Virginia Tech for Water Sampling in Flint

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    FLINT, MICH. -- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency today announced an $80,000 grant to Virginia Tech University which will fund sampling to measure lead levels in Flint's drinking water. Beginning this week, Virginia Tech researchers will work with resid

  12. Emerging Workforce Trends and Issues Impacting the Virginia Community College System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landon, Mary Greer

    2009-01-01

    The mission of the Virginia Community College workforce development leaders is to expand their training and development services to new and emerging high growth occupational areas in support of Virginia's economic growth and changing workforce needs in each of their regions. This research was designed to identify: high demand occupational skill…

  13. West Virginia State College (1891-1991): From the Grove to the Stars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Withrow, Dolly

    This book provides a history of West Virginia State College, and also contains stories about the people who have been influential in the college's development and who, in some way, altered its historical course. The first nine chapters discuss the college's inception as the West Virginia Colored Institute and the development of the school through…

  14. Alcohol, Drugs, and Links to Sexual Risk Behaviors among a Sample of Virginia College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enyeart Smith, Theresa M.; Wessel, Maria T.

    2011-01-01

    This project was significant in that it administered the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS), a health risk assessment, to a sample of students at three public universities in Virginia. Virginia was never included in the original or subsequent nationwide assessments using this instrument. This health risk assessment is…

  15. Implementation of an Innovative Design: Restructuring the Virginia Department of Education. Policy Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pitt, Elizabeth L.

    This paper describes the restructuring of the Virginia Department of Education, a process that began in 1990. Data were obtained from four sources: (1) Virginia Department of Education documents; (2) a prerestructuring study conducted by Price Waterhouse in 1989; (3) an evaluative report undertaken by the Joint Legislative Audit and Review…

  16. Virginia Higher Education/The 1974 General Assembly. A Summary of Legislation and Appropriations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musick, Mark D.; Cribbs, Jeffrey S.

    This document summarizes higher education bills and appropriations to higher education approved by the 1974 General Assembly of Virginia. For bills passed affecting sections of the Code of Virginia, the Code sections are identified so the full text of the legislation may be read. Resolutions do not affect Code sections and do not appear in the…

  17. Alcohol-Related Vehicular Death Rates for College Students in the Commonwealth of Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, James; Bauerle, Jennifer; Keller, Adrienne

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Determine rate of college student alcohol-related vehicular traffic fatalities in Virginia during 2007. Participants: Undergraduates at colleges and universities in Virginia. Methods: Institutions with membership in the American College Health Association were invited to participate in a survey. Data collected from institutional reports…

  18. The Erosion of State Funding for Virginia's Public Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Council of Higher Education for Virginia, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In Virginia, sufficient state support is essential to the vitality of the state's network of public higher education institutions as it currently exists. Unfortunately, a crisis in the funding of Virginia's public higher education system has been evolving over the last two decades. Between 1992 and 2010, general fund appropriations to public…

  19. Retention, Attrition, and Mobility among Teachers and Administrators in West Virginia. REL 2016-161

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lochmiller, Chad R.; Adachi, Eishi; Chesnut, Colleen E.; Johnson, Jerry

    2016-01-01

    Members of the West Virginia School Leadership Research Alliance partnered with Regional Educational Laboratory Appalachia to study the average retention, attrition, and mobility rates among teachers and administrators in the West Virginia public school system. There is increasing evidence nationwide that low teacher and administrator retention…

  20. Checks and Balances at Work: The Restructuring of Virginia's Public Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Couturier, Lara K.

    2006-01-01

    The nation's higher education community is watching, waiting with anticipation to see the outcome of Virginia's 2005 Restructured Higher Education Financial and Administrative Operations Act (Restructuring Act), which amounts to a significant renegotiation of the relationship between the Commonwealth of Virginia and its renowned public colleges…

  1. Migrant Education. Third Annual Regional Workshop (Virginia Beach, Va., March 5-9, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nachman, Cynthia P., Comp.

    The Third Annual Regional Workshop on Migrant Education was held on March 5-9, 1972 in Virginia Beach, Virginia. This conference was for migrant educators from the Eastern Stream states extending from the Gulf of Mexico north to New England. Over 480 participants met, coordinating their ideas and experiences to create a better world for the…

  2. Tuition and Fees at Virginia's State-Supported Colleges and Universities, 2010-11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zheng, Yan; Hix, Dan

    2010-01-01

    The Commonwealth of Virginia, like the rest of the nation, has endured the effects of an historical economic recession for the past three years. While Virginia is perhaps no longer in recession, the still fragile economy is a major cause for concern. Shrinking tax revenues and the need to balance the state's budget led the 2010 General Assembly to…

  3. West Virginia KIDS COUNT Data Book: 2000 County Profiles of Child Well-Being.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folden, Pam, Ed.

    This ninth annual KIDS COUNT data book examines statewide and county trends in the well-being of West Virginia's children. Following a summary of overall findings, including the decline since 1980 in the West Virginia child population, the bulk of the report presents the state's statistical portrait, based on 12 indicators of well-being: (1)…

  4. Virginia Annual Report. Discipline, Crime, and Violence: School Year 2003-2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Code of Virginia requires school divisions statewide to submit data annually to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence. Incidents reported include those that occurred on school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored activity. The federal Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994 (GFSA, Sec.…

  5. Reaping the Return on Agricultural Research and Education in Virginia. Information Series 93-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, George W.; Paczkowski, Remi

    This report focuses upon the economic and other contributions that agricultural research and education have made to Virginia over the past 40 years. Agricultural research, extension, and classroom instruction contribute in the following ways to Virginia's citizens: increased supplies and reduced costs, improved competitiveness, multiplier effects…

  6. Vision 2015: The West Virginia Science and Technology Strategic Plan. Progress Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission, 2014

    2014-01-01

    In 2005, West Virginia science and education leaders developed a strategic plan entitled: "Vision 2015: The West Virginia Science and Technology Strategic Plan." The plan is comprised of five (5) target areas for infrastructure development, with 14 goals for action by designated leaders from higher education, state government, and…

  7. A Voice for White Society: The Role of "The Virginia Gazette" during School Integration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Paul

    The limited coverage of blacks in "The Virginia Gazette" during integration marked a symbolic step toward greater, or equal inclusion of black society in the newspaper but proved far from fulfilling the newspaper's role as a community newspaper. Personal interaction between blacks and whites in Williamsburg (Virginia) did not occur very…

  8. Developing a Culture of Writing at Virginia State University: A New Writing Emphasis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Freddy L.

    2009-01-01

    Beginning in the fall of 2008 (and continuing through the spring of 2013), Virginia State University, America's first fully state supported four-year institution of higher learning for Blacks and one of two land-grant institutions in the Commonwealth of Virginia, launched a comprehensive and ambitious program to develop a culture of writing (and…

  9. The Cultural Legacies of Slavery in Virginia: Advancing Geo-Literacy in an Interdisciplinary Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, John C.; Mazzocca, Ann E.; Goetz, Evan; Gibson, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    In this special section of "The Geography Teacher" the authors report on two Virginia Geographic Alliance-sponsored workshops that they convened during the spring semester of 2014. The central objective of these workshops was to bring pre-service education students in Virginia together with social studies teachers from around the state…

  10. 77 FR 63736 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Prevention of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-17

    ... * * *. Therefore EPA cannot approve the West Virginia Infrastructure SIP regarding the PSD elements for PM 2.5... stating that: ``EPA must disapprove the PSD elements of the Infrastructure SIPs for failure to include the.... Subpart XX--West Virginia 0 2. In Sec. 52.2520, 0 a. The table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising...

  11. Wing Infrastructure Development Outlook (WINDO) Plan. Environmental Assessment: Langley Air Force Base, Virginia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-01

    stormwater, provide habitat, and naturally control shoreline and stream bank erosion . These areas are usually characterized by poorly-drained soils...other standard construction practices would be initiated in accordance with the requirements contained in the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control ...and other construction practices would be initiated in accordance with the requirements contained in the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control

  12. Teaching at the Interface: Curriculum and Pedagogy in a Teachers' Institute on Virginia Indian History and Cultures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heuvel, Lisa L.

    2011-01-01

    In the 1990s, as Virginia Indians faced the 2007 quadracentennial of Jamestown's founding, they initiated plans to publicly correct inaccuracies and omissions embedded in the historical narrative. The Beyond Jamestown: Virginia Indians Past and Present Teachers' Institute was one such initiative through the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities'…

  13. Closing the Achievement Gap Report for 21st Century Learners in West Virginia. Third Edition, 2009-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Diana L., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the "Closing the Achievement Gap for 21st Century Learners in West Virginia (CAG)" report, 3rd edition, is to update West Virginia educators to the status and improvement of student achievement in West Virginia which may then be utilized as a basis for determining future educational decisions. In order to enhance the quality…

  14. Ticks and spotted fever group rickettsiae of southeastern Virginia.

    PubMed

    Nadolny, Robyn M; Wright, Chelsea L; Sonenshine, Daniel E; Hynes, Wayne L; Gaff, Holly D

    2014-02-01

    The incidence of tick-borne rickettsial disease in the southeastern United States has been rising steadily through the past decade, and the range expansions of tick species and tick-borne infectious agents, new and old, has resulted in an unprecedented mix of vectors and pathogens. The results of an ongoing 4-year surveillance project describe the relative abundance of questing tick populations in southeastern Virginia. Since 2009, more than 66,000 questing ticks of 7 species have been collected from vegetation in a variety of habitats, with Amblyomma americanum constituting over 95% of ticks collected. Other species represented included Ixodes scapularis, Dermacentor variabilis, Amblyomma maculatum, Ixodes affinis, Haemaphysalis leporispalustris, and Ixodes brunneus. We found that 26.9-54.9% of A. americanum ticks tested were positive for Rickettsia amblyommii, a non-pathogenic symbiont of this tick species. We also found no evidence of R. rickettsii in D. variabilis ticks, although they did show low infection rates of R. montanensis (1.5-2.0%). Rickettsia parkeri and Candidatus R. andeanae were found in 41.8-55.7% and 0-1.5% A. maculatum ticks, respectively. The rate of R. parkeri in A. maculatum ticks is among the highest in the literature and has increased in the 2 years since R. parkeri and A. maculatum were first reported in southeastern Virginia. We conclude that tick populations in southeastern Virginia have recently undergone dramatic changes in species and abundance and that these populations support a variety of rickettsial agents with the potential for increased risk to human health.

  15. Dendroclimatic estimates of a drought index for northern Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Puckett, Larry J.

    1981-01-01

    A 230-year record of the Palmer drought-severity index (PDSI) was estimated for northern Virginia from variations in widths of tree rings. Increment cores were extracted from eastern hemlock, Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr., at three locations in northern Virginia. Measurements of annual growth increments were made and converted to standardized indices of growth. A response function was derived for hemlock to determine the growth-climate relationship. Growth was positively correlated with precipitation and negatively correlated with temperature during the May-July growing season. Combined standardized indices of growth were calibrated with the July PDSI. Growth accounted for 20-30 percent of the PDSI variance. Further regressions using factor scores of combined tree growth indices resulted in a small but significant improvement. Greatest improvement was made by using factor scores of growth indices of individual trees, thereby accounting for 64 percent of the July PDSI variance in the regression. Comparison of the results with a 241-year reconstruction from New York showed good agreement between low-frequency climatic trends. Analysis of the estimated Central Mountain climatic division of Virginia PDSI record indicated that, relative to the long-term record (1746-1975), dry years have occurred in disproportionally larger numbers during the last half of the 19th century and the mid-20th century. This trend appears reversed for the last half of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century. Although these results are considered first-generation products, they are encouraging, suggesting that once additional tree-ring chronologies are constructed and techniques are refined, it will be possible to obtain more accurate estimates of prior climatic conditions in the mid-Atlantic region.

  16. An Allocation of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources to Gauley River National Recreation Area and New River Gorge National River, West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Crovelli, Robert A.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Milici, Robert C.

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey estimated volumes of undiscovered oil and gas resources that may underlie Gauley River National Recreation Area and New River Gorge National River in West Virginia. Using the results of an assessment of undiscovered resources from ten assessment units in the Appalachian Basin Province that include these land parcels, the USGS allocated 2.9 billion cubic feet of gas, 1.6 thousand barrels of oil, and 45 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids to part of Gauley River National Recreation Area, and 39 billion cubic feet of gas, 24 thousand barrels of oil, and 644 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids to New River Gorge National River. These allocated volumes of undiscovered resources represent potential volumes in undiscovered fields.

  17. The vicissitudes of mourning. Virginia Woolf and To the Lighthouse.

    PubMed

    Dalsimer, K

    1994-01-01

    We know from Virginia Woolf's diaries and letters that she intended the novel To the Lighthouse to be autobiographical. In a memoir written toward the end of her life, she stated that in writing the novel she had "ceased to be obsessed" by her mother, who had died when Woolf was a girl of thirteen. This paper explores the evolving relationship of a grown daughter with a mother long dead and the ways in which the writing of the novel both reflected and altered that internal relationship.

  18. 20% Wind by 2030: Overcoming the Challenges in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Patrick Mann; Christine Risch

    2012-02-15

    Final Report for '20% Wind by 2030: Overcoming the Challenges in West Virginia'. The objective of this project was to examine the obstacles and constraints to the development of wind energy in West Virginia as well as the obstacles and constraints to the achievement of the national goal of 20% wind by 2030. For the portion contracted with WVU, there were four tasks in this examination of obstacles and constraints. Task 1 involved the establishment of a Wind Resource Council. Task 2 involved conducting limited research activities. These activities involved an ongoing review of wind energy documents including documents regarding the potential for wind farms being located on reclaimed surface mining sites as well as other brownfield sites. The Principal Investigator also examined the results of the Marshall University SODAR assessment of the potential for placing wind farms on reclaimed surface mining sites. Task 3 involved the conducting of outreach activities. These activities involved working with the members of the Wind Resource Council, the staff of the Regional Wind Energy Institute, and the staff of Penn Future. This task also involved the examination of the importance of transmission for wind energy development. The Principal Investigator kept informed as to transmission developments in the Eastern United States. The Principal Investigator coordinated outreach activities with the activities at the Center for Business and Economic Research at Marshall University. Task 4 involved providing technical assistance. This task involved the provision of information to various parties interested in wind energy development. The Principal Investigator was available to answer requests from interested parties regarding in formation regarding both utility scale as well as small wind development in West Virginia. Most of the information requested regarded either the permitting process for wind facilities of various sizes in the state or information regarding the wind

  19. Besnoitia darlingi infection in a Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana).

    PubMed

    Shaw, Shannon; Grasperge, Britton; Nevarez, Javier; Reed, Scott; Long, Lauren; Rademacher, Nathalie; Sánchez-Migallón Guzmán, David

    2009-03-01

    This is a case report of natural infection with Besnoitia darlingi in a Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) in Louisiana. Clinical pathologic data included a severe nonregenerative anemia, inflammatory leukogram, increased hepatocellular leakage enzymes, renal azotemia, hyperkalemia, hypoglycemia, hypoalbuminemia, and proteinuria. Tissue cysts containing bradyzoites were found in the majority of organs, especially the skin, mucous membranes, kidneys, adrenals, lungs, and heart. Images of the bradyzoites obtained by transmission electron microscopy were consistent with the previously described ultrastructure of Besnoitia darlingi. This opossum also suffered from an open phalangeal fracture and concurrent gastrointestinal parasites. Histopathologic findings included a glomerulonephritis and hepatic necrosis.

  20. Water resources management plan, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rice, Karen C.; Moberg, Roger M.; Allen, Kristen G.; Vana-Miller, David

    2003-01-01

    Richmond National Battlefield Park (Richmond NBP) consists of 1,366 acres in 11 geographically separate units that are located primarily east, northeast, and southeast of the city of Richmond, Virginia. This Water Resources Management Plan addresses nine of the units: Beaver Dam Creek, Chickahominy Bluff, Cold Harbor (including the Garthright House), Drewry’s Bluff, Fort Harrison, Gaines’ Mill, and Glendale and Malvern Hill. The units are in the Atlantic Coastal Plain Physiographic Province between the James and York rivers. The small streams that drain each of the units are tributaries of either the Chickahominy River or James River and ultimately contribute to the Chesapeake Bay.

  1. The Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library: resource for nurse administrators.

    PubMed

    Graves, J R

    1997-01-01

    This article describes the major knowledge resource of the Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library, The Registry of Nursing. The first part of this article examines informatics issues and is accompanied by examples of retrieval from a typical bibliographic database and a retrieval from the Registry of Nursing Research using case mix, both as a subject heading and as a research variable. The second part of the article examines the interaction of informatics and technology used in the Registry and presents some other Library resources.

  2. Ground-water flow and saline water in the shallow aquifer system of the southern watersheds of Virginia Beach, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Smith, Barry S.

    2003-01-01

    Population and tourism continues to grow in Virginia Beach, Virginia, but the supply of freshwater is limited. A pipeline from Lake Gaston supplies water for northern Virginia Beach, but ground water is widely used to water lawns in the north, and most southern areas of the city rely solely on ground water. Water from depths greater than 60 meters generally is too saline to drink. Concentrations of chloride, iron, and manganese exceed drinking-water standards in some areas. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the city of Virginia Beach, Department of Public Utilities, investigated the shallow aquifer system of the southern watersheds to determine the distribution of fresh ground water, its potential uses, and its susceptibility to contamination. Aquifers and confining units of the southern watersheds were delineated and chloride concentrations in the aquifers and confining units were contoured. A ground-water-flow and solute-transport model of the shallow aquifer system reached steady state with regard to measured chloride concentrations after 31,550 years of freshwater recharge. Model simulations indicate that if freshwater is found in permeable sediments of the Yorktown-Eastover aquifer, such a well field could supply freshwater, possibly for decades, but eventually the water would become more saline. The rate of saline-water intrusion toward the well field would depend on the rate of pumping, aquifer properties, and on the proximity of the well field to saline water sources. The steady-state, ground-water-flow model also was used to simulate drawdowns around two hypothetical well fields and drawdowns around two hypothetical open-pit mines. The chloride concentrations simulated in the model did not approximate the measured concentrations for some wells, indicating sites where local hydrogeologic units or unit properties do not conform to the simple hydrogeology of the model. The Columbia aquifer, the Yorktown confining unit, and the Yorktown

  3. Evolution of water chemistry during Marcellus Shale gas development: A case study in West Virginia.

    PubMed

    Ziemkiewicz, Paul F; Thomas He, Y

    2015-09-01

    Hydraulic fracturing (HF) has been used with horizontal drilling to extract gas and natural gas liquids from source rock such as the Marcellus Shale in the Appalachian Basin. Horizontal drilling and HF generates large volumes of waste water known as flowback. While inorganic ion chemistry has been well characterized, and the general increase in concentration through the flowback is widely recognized, the literature contains little information relative to organic compounds and radionuclides. This study examined the chemical evolution of liquid process and waste streams (including makeup water, HF fluids, and flowback) in four Marcellus Shale gas well sites in north central West Virginia. Concentrations of organic and inorganic constituents and radioactive isotopes were measured to determine changes in waste water chemistry during shale gas development. We found that additives used in fracturing fluid may contribute to some of the constituents (e.g., Fe) found in flowback, but they appear to play a minor role. Time sequence samples collected during flowback indicated increasing concentrations of organic, inorganic and radioactive constituents. Nearly all constituents were found in much higher concentrations in flowback water than in injected HF fluids suggesting that the bulk of constituents originate in the Marcellus Shale formation rather than in the formulation of the injected HF fluids. Liquid wastes such as flowback and produced water, are largely recycled for subsequent fracturing operations. These practices limit environmental exposure to flowback.

  4. Atmospheric wet deposition of trace elements to a suburban environment, Reston, Virginia, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Conko, Kathryn M.; Rice, Karen C.; Kennedy, Margaret M.

    2004-01-01

    Wet deposition from a suburban area in Reston, Virginia was collected during 1998 and analyzed to assess the anion and trace-element concentrations and depositions. Suburban Reston, approximately 26 km west of Washington, DC, is densely populated and heavily developed. Wet deposition was collected bi-weekly in an automated collector using trace-element clean sampling and analytical techniques. The annual volume-weighted concentrations of As, Cd, and Pb were similar to those previously reported for a remote site on Catoctin Mt., Maryland (70 km northwest), which indicated a regional signal for these elements. The concentrations and depositions of Cu and Zn at the suburban site were nearly double those at remote sites because of the influence of local vehicular traffic. The 1998 average annual wet deposition (μg m−2 yr−1) was calculated for Al (52,000), As (94), Cd (54), Cr (160), Cu (700), Fe (23,000), Mn (2000), Ni (240), Pb (440), V (430), and Zn (4100). The average annual wet deposition (meq m−2 yr−1) was calculated for H+ (74), Cl− (8.5), NO3− (33), and SO42− (70). Analysis of digested total trace-element concentrations in a subset of samples showed that the refractory elements in suburban precipitation comprised a larger portion of the total deposition of trace elements than in remote areas.

  5. Coalbed methane potential in the Appalachian states of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, Ohio, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee; an overview

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lyons, Paul C.

    1996-01-01

    This report focuses on the coalbed methane (CBM) potential of the central Appalachian basin (Virginia, eastern Kentucky, southern West Virginia, and Tennessee) and the northern Appalachian basin (Pennsylvania, northern West Virginia, Maryland, and Ohio). As of April 1996, there were about 800 wells producing CBM in the central and northern Appalachian basin. For the Appalchian basin as a whole (including the Cahaba coal field, Alabama, and excluding the Black Warrior Basin, Alabama), the total CBM production for 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995, is here estimated at 7.77, 21.51, 29.99, and 32 billion cubic feet (Bcf), respectively. These production data compare with 91.38, 104.70, 110.70, and 112.11 Bcf, respectively, for the same years for the Black Warrior Basin, which is the second largest CBM producing basin in the United States. For 1992-1995, 92-95% of central and northern Appalachian CBM production came from southwestern Virginia, which has by far the largest CBM production the Appalachian states, exclusive of Alabama. For 1994, the average daily production of CBM wells in Virginia was 119.6 Mcf/day, which is about two to four times the average daily production rates for many of the CBM wells in the northern Appalachian basin. For 1992-1995, there is a clear increase in the percentage of CBM being produced in the central and northern Appalachian basin as compared with the Black Warrior Basin. In 1992, this percentage was 8% of the combined central and northern Appalachian and Black Warrior Basin CBM production as compared with 22% in 1995. These trends imply that the Appalachian states, except for Alabama and Virginia, are in their infancy with respect to CBM production. Total in place CBM resources in the central and northern Appalachian basin have been variously estimated at 66-76 trillion cubic feet (Tcf), of which an estimated 14.55 Tcf (3.07 Tcf for central Appalachian basin and 11.48 Tcf for northern Appalachian basin) is technically recoverable according to

  6. Foundation Report on Stonewall Jackson Dam, West Fork River Basin, Weston, West Virginia. Volume 1.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-21

    ci last ucvate 05/01𔄂t I E C 1e I d raPe T,.oe Width Ce; 1 CFJ haracter 25 - LOCHTION Character 25 " STATION Character Iv 4 r",PELEV Numeric 7 H E r...I __ 9 7 9.b parting, shalv :am. gr., v/scat. cisc. no d’s. otm fHe EMG PORN 18 36 EPVOI DITIONS API O3LOLIETE STONECAL 1AKO DAE 220 MAR7 STNWLLJCSO

  7. The 1979 Southeastern Virginia Urban Plume Study. Volume 2: Data listings for NASA Cessna aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregory, G. L.; Lee, R. B., III; Mathis, J. J., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    The data reported are these measured onboard the NASA Langley chartered Cessna aircraft. Data include ozone, nitrogen oxides, light scattering coefficient, temperature, dewpoint, and aircraft altitude.

  8. Methods for estimating drought streamflow probabilities for Virginia streams

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Austin, Samuel H.

    2014-01-01

    Maximum likelihood logistic regression model equations used to estimate drought flow probabilities for Virginia streams are presented for 259 hydrologic basins in Virginia. Winter streamflows were used to estimate the likelihood of streamflows during the subsequent drought-prone summer months. The maximum likelihood logistic regression models identify probable streamflows from 5 to 8 months in advance. More than 5 million streamflow daily values collected over the period of record (January 1, 1900 through May 16, 2012) were compiled and analyzed over a minimum 10-year (maximum 112-year) period of record. The analysis yielded the 46,704 equations with statistically significant fit statistics and parameter ranges published in two tables in this report. These model equations produce summer month (July, August, and September) drought flow threshold probabilities as a function of streamflows during the previous winter months (November, December, January, and February). Example calculations are provided, demonstrating how to use the equations to estimate probable streamflows as much as 8 months in advance.

  9. Acquisition parameters for shallow seismic data in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, S.T.

    1988-08-01

    Tests of the Bison Instruments' Elastic Wave Generator (EWG) and Bison Instruments' Geopro 12-channel seismograph have been conducted in northern Lewis County, West Virginia. The seismic source used in these tests was an accelerated weight-drop mechanism (elastic wave generator) mounted on a light-weight trailer. The series of tests conducted near Weston, West Virginia, includes several types of walkaway noise tests as well as the acquisition of several common offset seismic profiles. The seismic data gathered in the study area have been analyzed for frequency content and other waveform attributes. The bandwidth of data gathered in the study area depends on the type of geophones used, as well as the analog filters that can be invoked in the seismograph. In general, frequency content ranges from 10 to 110 Hz, although the use of geophone arrays and different types of geophones modifies the amplitude of various frequencies. Forward modeling of a complete subsurface stratigraphic cross section, using program AIMS, has been compared with the seismic data. The match of the actual seismic data and the synthetic seismograms from the forward modeling procedure is good for strata of the Pennsylvanian System. However, portions of the seismic trace resulting from reflections in the Greenbrier Limestone are considered to be anomalous due to the somewhat atypical transition of facies in the overlying Little Lime.

  10. West Virginia physicians: cardiovascular risk factors, lifestyles and prescribing habits.

    PubMed

    Gault, R; Yeater, R A; Ullrich, I H

    1994-09-01

    Physicians educate their patients by direct teaching and by serving as a role model. Through the use of questionnaires, we evaluated the degree to which physicians in West Virginia participate in these activities. Thirty-five percent of the 2,404 licensed physicians in the state returned completed questionnaires. Although 90% prescribed appropriate diets and recommended exercise for their patients, the physicians who responded were often less likely to follow their own advice. Twenty percent of the male physicians and 13% of the female doctors were obese; 30% had LDL cholesterol levels over 130 mg./dl.; 13% had HDL cholesterol values of less than 35 mg./dl.; and 8% had triglycerides over 250 mg./dl. Participation in regular exercise (30 minutes three times per week) was reported by 48% of the male physicians and 47% of the female physicians. Eight percent of the men were smokers, as were 1.9% of the females. These results suggest that the role model aspect of patient education may need to be improved among some West Virginia physicians. It is an inexpensive method of directing attention to lifestyle in order to decrease preventable disorders such as coronary artery disease, obesity, diabetes, and hypertension.

  11. GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems at Virginia Tech

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, Douglas

    2011-09-30

    The Virginia Tech GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems (CAFCS) achieved the following objectives in support of the domestic automotive industry: Expanded and updated fuel cell and vehicle technologies education programs; Conducted industry directed research in three thrust areas development and characterization of materials for PEM fuel cells; performance and durability modeling for PEM fuel cells; and fuel cell systems design and optimization, including hybrid and plug-in hybrid fuel cell vehicles; Developed MS and Ph.D. engineers and scientists who are pursuing careers related to fuel cells and automotive applications; Published research results that provide industry with new knowledge which contributes to the advancement of fuel cell and vehicle systems commercialization. With support from the Dept. of Energy, the CAFCS upgraded existing graduate course offerings; introduced a hands-on laboratory component that make use of Virginia Tech's comprehensive laboratory facilities, funded 15 GATE Fellowships over a five year period; and expanded our program of industry interaction to improve student awareness of challenges and opportunities in the automotive industry. GATE Center graduate students have a state-of-the-art research experience preparing them for a career to contribute to the advancement fuel cell and vehicle technologies.

  12. Low-flow characteristics of streams West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Friel, E.A.; Embree, W.N.; Jack, A.R.; Atkins, J.T.

    1989-01-01

    Low-flow characteristics of selected streams in West Virginia were determined at continuous-record and partial-record sites. Daily discharges at 100 continuous-record gaging stations on unregulated streams were used to compute selected low-flow frequency values. Estimates of low-flow frequency values at 296 partial-record sites (ones having only discharge measurements) were made using the relation defined by concurrent flows with a continuous-record station. Low-flow characteristics at continuous-record stations were related to drainage area and a variability index to produce equations which can be used to estimate low-flow characteristics at ungaged sites in West Virginia. The State was divided into two hydrologic regions. Drainage area and a streamflow-variability index were determined to be the most significant. The streamflow variability index was computed from duration curves and was used to account for the integrated effects of geology and other hydrologic characteristics. The standard error of estimate for the 7-day low flow with a 2-year recurrence interval is 43% for Region 1 and 57% for Region 2. The standard error of estimate for the 7-day low flow with a 10-year recurrence interval is 82% for Region 1 and 83% for Region 2. (USGS)

  13. Virginia Regional Seismic Network. Final report (1986--1992)

    SciTech Connect

    Bollinger, G.A.; Sibol, M.S.; Chapman, M.C.; Snoke, J.A.

    1993-07-01

    In 1986, the Virginia Regional Seismic Network was one of the few fully calibrated digital seismic networks in the United States. Continued operation has resulted in the archival of signals from 2,000+ local, regional and teleseismic sources. Seismotectonic studies of the central Virginia seismic zone showed the activity in the western part to be related to a large antiformal structure while seismicity in the eastern portion is associated spatially with dike swarms. The eastern Tennessee seismic zone extends over a 300x50 km area and is the result of a compressive stress field acting at the intersection between two large crustal blocks. Hydroseismicity, which proposes a significant role for meteoric water in intraplate seismogenesis, found support in the observation of common cyclicities between streamflow and earthquake strain data. Seismic hazard studies have provided the following results: (1) Damage areas in the eastern United States are three to five times larger than those observed in the west. (2) Judged solely on the basis of cataloged earthquake recurrence rates, the next major shock in the southeast region will probably occur outside the Charleston, South Carolina area. (3) Investigations yielded necessary hazard parameters (for example, maximum magnitudes) for several sites in the southeast. Basic to these investigations was the development and maintenance of several seismological data bases.

  14. Lagrangian circulation study near Cape Henry, Virginia. [Chesapeake Bay

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, R. E.

    1981-01-01

    A study of the circulation near Cape Henry, Virginia, was made using surface and seabed drifters and radar tracked surface buoys coupled to subsurface drag plates. Drifter releases were conducted on a line normal to the beach just south of Cape Henry. Surface drifter recoveries were few; wind effects were strongly noted. Seabed drifter recoveries all exhibited onshore motion into Chesapeake Bay. Strong winds also affected seabed recoveries, tending to move them farther before recovery. Buoy trajectories in the vicinity of Cape Henry appeared to be of an irrotational nature, showing a clockwise rotary tide motion. Nearest the cape, the buoy motion elongated to almost parallel depth contours around the cape. Buoy motion under the action of strong winds showed that currents to at least the depth of the drag plates substantially are altered from those of low wind conditions near the Bay mouth. Only partial evidence could be found to support the presence of a clockwise nontidal eddy at Virginia Beach, south of Cape Henry.

  15. Distribution and conservation standing of West Virginia crayfishes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Loughman, Zachary J.; Welsh, Stuart

    2010-01-01

    The diversity of crayfishes in West Virginia represents a transition between the species-rich southern Appalachian faunas and the depauperate crayfish diversity in the northeastern United States. Currently, 22 described species occur in the state, of which 6 are given S1 status, and 3 are introduced species. One species, Orconectes limosus (Spinycheek Crayfish) is considered extirpated within the past decade. Imperiled species include Cambarus veteranus (Big Sandy Crayfish),Cambarus elkensis (Elk River Crayfish), Cambarus longulus (Atlantic Slope Crayfish), andCambarus nerterius (Greenbrier Cave Crayfish). Three species—O. virilis (Virile Crayfish),Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish), and Procambarus zonangulus (Southern White River Crawfish)—have introduced populations within the state. Procambarus acutus (White River Crawfish) occurs in bottomland forest along the Ohio River floodplain, and is considered native. Several undescribed taxa have been identified and currently are being described. A statewide survey was initiated in 2007 to document the current distribution and conservation status of crayfishes in West Virginia.

  16. Advancing Careers in Information Science and Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanton, Wilbur W.; Templeton, Dennie E.; Chase, Joe D.; Rose, Melinda; Eaton, Carlotta

    2005-01-01

    The authors discuss the joining of 12 Virginia community colleges from the Appalachian region of southwestern Virginia with Radford University to form the Regional Technology Education Consortium (RTEC), a three-year project funded by the National Science Foundation Advanced Technological Education program and designed to develop articulation…

  17. Soil biochemical properties after six years in amended brown and gray mine soils in West Virginia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, C.; Sexstone, A.; Skousen, J.

    2015-06-01

    Surface coal mining in the eastern USA disturbs hundreds of hectares of land every year and removes valuable and ecologically diverse eastern deciduous forests. Reclamation involves restoring the landscape to approximate original contour, replacing the topsoil, and revegetating the site with trees and herbaceous species to a designated post-mining land use. Re-establishing an ecosystem of ecological and economic value as well as restoring soil quality on disturbed sites are the goals of land reclamation, and microbial properties of mine soils can be indicators of restoration success. Reforestation plots were constructed in 2007 using weathered brown sandstone or unweathered gray sandstone as topsoil substitutes to evaluate tree growth and soil properties at Arch Coal's Birch River Mine in West Virginia, USA. All plots were planted with 12 hardwood tree species and subplots were hydroseeded with an herbaceous seed mix and fertilizer. After six years, average tree volume index was nearly ten times greater for trees grown in brown (3853 cm3) compared to gray mine soils (407 cm3). Average pH of brown mine soils increased from 4.7 to 5.0, while gray mine soils declined from 7.9 to 7.0. Hydroseeding doubled tree volume index and ground cover on both mine soils. Hydroseeding doubled microbial biomass carbon (MBC) on brown mine soils (8.7 vs. 17.5 mg kg-1), but showed no effect on gray (13.3 vs. 12.8 mg kg-1). Hydroseeding also increased the ratio of MBC to soil organic C in both soils and more than tripled the ratio for potentially mineralizable nitrogen (PMN) to total N. Brown mine soils were a better growth medium than gray mine soils and hydroseeding was an important component of reclamation due to improved biochemical properties and microbial activity in mine soils.

  18. Prevalence of IgG Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in Veterinary and Undergraduate Students at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia.

    PubMed

    Rosypal, A C; Houk, A E; Zajac, A M; Lindsay, D S

    2015-11-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is a globally distributed parasitic protozoan that infects humans and other warm-blooded vertebrates. Felids are the only definitive host for T. gondii, and they excrete oocysts in their faeces. The national prevalence in humans is declining in the United States. This zoonotic organism is of particular interest due to its importance in pregnant women, in individuals with altered immune systems, and in reactivated ocular infections. Exposure to the parasite in humans is usually associated with consumption of raw or undercooked meat or by accidental ingestion of oocysts. It was hypothesized that veterinary students would have a greater chance at exposure to the parasite than an average population of undergraduate students due to increased contact with cats who are infected. A commercially available ELISA was used to examine serum samples from 336 students (252 veterinary students and 84 undergraduate students) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University and the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine for serum IgG antibodies to T. gondii antigen. The prevalence of T. gondii in these subjects was 5.6% in veterinary school students (n = 252) and 2.4% in undergraduates (n = 84). There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in the prevalence of T. gondii antibodies in veterinary versus undergraduate students. The overall prevalence of 4.8% in all students in this study reflects the continuing decline of antibodies to T. gondii in humans in the United States.

  19. Assessment of contamination from arsenical pesticide use on orchards in the Great Valley region, Virginia and West Virginia, USA.

    PubMed

    Robinson, Gilpin R; Larkins, Peter; Boughton, Carol J; Reed, Bradley W; Sibrell, Philip L

    2007-01-01

    Lead arsenate pesticides were widely used in apple orchards from 1925 to 1955. Soils from historic orchards in four counties in Virginia and West Virginia contained elevated concentrations of As and Pb, consistent with an arsenical pesticide source. Arsenic concentrations in approximately 50% of the orchard site soils and approximately 1% of reference site soils exceed the USEPA Preliminary Remediation Goal (PRG) screening guideline of 22 mg kg(-1) for As in residential soil, defined on the basis of combined chronic exposure risk. Approximately 5% of orchard site soils exceed the USEPA PRG for Pb of 400 mg kg(-1) in residential soil; no reference site soils sampled exceed this value. A variety of statistical methods were used to characterize the occurrence, distribution, and dispersion of arsenical pesticide residues in soils, stream sediments, and ground waters relative to landscape features and likely background conditions. Concentrations of Zn, Pb, and Cu were most strongly associated with high developed land density and population density, whereas elevated concentrations of As were weakly correlated with high orchard density, consistent with a pesticide residue source. Arsenic concentrations in ground water wells in the region are generally <0.005 mg L(-1). There was no spatial association between As concentrations in ground water and proximity to orchards. Arsenic had limited mobility into ground water from surface soils contaminated with arsenical pesticide residues at concentrations typically found in orchards.

  20. Assessment of contamination from arsenical pesticide use on orchards in the great valley region, Virginia and West Virginia, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Robinson, G.R.; Larkin, S.P.; Boughton, C.J.; Reed, B.W.; Sibrell, P.L.

    2007-01-01

    Lead arsenate pesticides were widely used in apple orchards from 1925 to 1955. Soils from historic orchards in four counties in Virginia and West Virginia contained elevated concentrations of As and Pb, consistent with an arsenical pesticide source. Arsenic concentrations in approximately 50% of the orchard site soils and approximately 1% of reference site soils exceed the USEPA Preliminary Remediation Goal (PRG) screening guideline of 22 mg kg-1 for As in residential soi, defined on the basis of combined chronic exposure risk. Approximately 5% of orchard site soils exceed the USEPA PRG for Pb of 400 mg kg-1 in residential soil; no reference site soils sampled exceed this value. A variety of statistical methods were used to characterize the occurrence, distribution, and dispersion of arsenical pesticide residues in soils, stream sediments, and ground waters relative to landscape features and likely background conditions. Concentrations of Zn, Pb, and Cu were most strongly associated with high developed land density and population density, whereas elevated concentrations of As were weakly correlated with high orchard density, consistent with a pesticide residue source. Arsenic concentrations in ground water wells in the region are generally <0.005 mg L-1. There was no spatial association between As concentrations in ground water and proximity to orchards. Arsenic had limited mobility into ground water from surface soils contaminated with arsenical pesticide residues at concentrations typically found in orchards. ?? ASA, CSSA, SSSA.

  1. Shore erosion as a sediment source to the tidal Potomac River, Maryland and Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Miller, Andrew J.

    1987-01-01

    The shoreline of the tidal Potomac River attained its present form as a result of the Holocene episode of sea-level rise; the drowned margins of the system are modified by wave activity in the shore zone and by slope processes on banks steepened by basal-wave erosion. Shore erosion leaves residual sand and gravel in shallow water and transports silt and clay offshore to form a measurable component of the suspended-sediment load of the tidal Potomac River. Erosion rates were measured by comparing digitized historical shoreline maps and modern maps, and by comparing stereopairs of aerial photographs taken at different points in time, with the aid of an interactive computer-graphics system and a digitizing stereoplotter. Cartographic comparisons encompassed 90 percent of the study reach and spanned periods of 38 to 109 years, with most measurements spanning at least 84 years. Photogrammetric comparisons encompassed 49 percent of the study reach and spanned 16 to 40 years. Field monitoring of erosion rates and processes at two sites, Swan Point Neck, Maryland, and Mason Neck, Virginia, spanned periods of 10 to 18 months. Estimated average recession rates of shoreline in the estuary, based on cartographic and photogrammetric measurements, were 0.42 to 0.52 meter per annum (Virginia shore) and 0.31 to 0.41 meter per annum (Maryland shore). Average recession rates of shoreline in the tidal river and transition zone were close to 0.15 meter per annum. Estimated average volume-erosion rates along the estuary were 1.20 to 1.87 cubic meters per meter of shoreline per annum (Virginia shore) and 0.56 to 0.73 cubic meter per meter of shoreline per annum (Maryland shore); estimated average volume-erosion rates along the shores of the tidal river and transition zone were 0.55 to 0.74 cubic meter per meter of shoreline per annum. Estimated total sediment contributed to the tidal Potomac River by shore erosion was 0.375 x 10 6 to 0.565 x 10 6 metric tons per annum; of this, the

  2. Reducing combined sewer overflows by using outlet controls for Green Stormwater Infrastructure: Case study in Richmond, Virginia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lucas, William C.; Sample, David J.

    2015-01-01

    Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are a major problem in many cities. This paper assesses two Low Impact Development (LID) Green Stormwater Infrastructure (GSI) alternatives applied within a 7.05 ha catchment of the Shockoe Creek tributary of the James River in Richmond, Virginia. The LID alternatives were the "Green-Free" (typical free discharge underdrains) and the "Green-Control" (underdrains with flow controlled outlets). These alternatives were compared to two non-LID alternatives: "Existing" (existing conditions) and "Gray" (tunnel storage). A normal year scenario with average rainfall depths and intensities was compared to a scenario with anticipated higher intensity rainfall due to climate change (CC). In the normal year, the Green-Control alternative performed substantially better than both the Green-Free and the Gray alternatives in terms of volume control. However it experienced slightly more CSO events than Grey. The relative performance of both green alternatives improved with the CC climate year, indicating that GSI is more resilient than gray infrastructure. In particular, Green-Control exhibited much better performance. While the gray infrastructure solution reduced CSOs to the fewest number of occurrences, the smallest overflow volumes, lowest peak flows and the most resilient system was obtained by the Green-Control alternative. Since CSO volume is strongly related to the negative ecological impacts from overflows, and CSO occurrences are not, GSI provides a more sustainable solution than gray. These results find that hydraulic control of discharges should be the preferred option when considering GSI in CSO mitigation.

  3. Hazard Analysis of Pollution Abatement Techniques. Volume I

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-06-01

    events as per 385-22). During the course of this contract, the molecular sieve process to be studied was changed and rotary kiln incinerator at Radford...TNT ).itrator molecular sieve process . Consequently, tail-gas from the nitric acid plant was analyzed in this study. The rotary kiln in- cinerator was...of Results for each System a. Carbon Adsorption of TNT Pink Water - The analysis of the seven principal process units in the carbon adsorption system

  4. Creating an environment for caring using lean principles of the Virginia Mason Production System.

    PubMed

    Nelson-Peterson, Dana L; Leppa, Carol J

    2007-06-01

    As healthcare leaders search for viable options to cut costs, increase efficiencies, and improve the product that they offer to customers, many are looking at different business models to adopt. At the same time, an aging workforce of nurses feel the pressure of being overworked and understaffed, resulting in both decreased job and patient satisfaction. Virginia Mason Medical Center in Seattle, Wash, has implemented the Virginia Mason Production System, using proven concepts adapted from the Toyota Production System that effectively eliminate "muda" or waste, in workplace processes. The authors discuss the application of the Virginia Mason Production System and how it has resulted in increased time for nurses to care for their patients.

  5. Infection of spotted salamanders (Ambystoma maculatum) with Ichthyophonus-like organisms in Virginia.

    PubMed

    Ware, Joy L; Viverette, Cathy; Kleopfer, John D; Pletcher, Leeanna; Massey, Davis; Wright, Anne

    2008-01-01

    Ichthyophonus-like organisms were found in two free-ranging adult spotted salamanders (Ambystoma maculatum) captured within two different vernal ponds in the Virginia Commonwealth University Rice Center for Environmental Life Sciences in Charles City County, Virginia. Histopathologic examination of necropsied specimens revealed large spores, often enclosed by granulomas. These enclosed spores resembled those caused by the fish pathogen Ichthyophonus hoeferi. One salamander displayed an externally visible large swelling beneath the jaws. The other lacked macroscopic abnormalities, but histologic sections of ventral muscle revealed early-stage Ichthyophonus-like organisms and minimal granulomatous reactions. This is the first report of Ichthyophonus-like infection of Ambystoma maculatum in Virginia.

  6. Ground Water Atlas of the United States: Segment 11, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Trapp, Henry; Horn, Marilee A.

    1997-01-01

    Segment 11 consists of the States of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, West Virginia, and the Commonwealths of Pennsylvania and Virginia. All but West Virginia border on the Atlantic Ocean or tidewater. Pennsylvania also borders on Lake Erie. Small parts of northwestern and north-central Pennsylvania drain to Lake Erie and Lake Ontario; the rest of the segment drains either to the Atlantic Ocean or the Gulf of Mexico. Major rivers include the Hudson, the Delaware, the Susquehanna, the Potomac, the Rappahannock, the James, the Chowan, the Neuse, the Tar, the Cape Fear, and the Yadkin-Peedee, all of which drain into the Atlantic Ocean, and the Ohio and its tributaries, which drain to the Gulf of Mexico. Although rivers are important sources of water supply for many cities, such as Trenton, N.J.; Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pa.; Baltimore, Md.; Washington, D.C.; Richmond, Va.; and Raleigh, N.C., one-fourth of the population, particularly the people who live on the Coastal Plain, depends on ground water for supply. Such cities as Camden, N.J.; Dover, Del.; Salisbury and Annapolis, Md.; Parkersburg and Weirton, W.Va.; Norfolk, Va.; and New Bern and Kinston, N.C., use ground water as a source of public supply. All the water in Segment 11 originates as precipitation. Average annual precipitation ranges from less than 36 inches in parts of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia to more than 80 inches in parts of southwestern North Carolina (fig. 1). In general, precipitation is greatest in mountainous areas (because water tends to condense from moisture-laden air masses as the air passes over the higher altitudes) and near the coast, where water vapor that has been evaporated from the ocean is picked up by onshore winds and falls as precipitation when it reaches the shoreline. Some of the precipitation returns to the atmosphere by evapotranspiration (evaporation plus transpiration by plants), but much of it either flows overland into streams as

  7. Salt transport in a tidal canal, West Neck Creek, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bales, Jerad D.; Skrobialowski, Stanley C.; ,

    1993-01-01

    Flow and stability were monitored during 1989-92 in West Neck Creek, Virginia, which provides a direct hydraulic connection between the saline waters of Chesapeake Bay and the relatively fresh waters of Currituck Sound, North Carolina. Flow in the tidal creek was to the south 64 percent of the time, but 80 percent of the southward flows were less than 40 cubic feet per second. The highest flows were associated with rain storms. Salinity ranged from 0.1 parts per thousand to 24.5 per thousand, and the highest salinities were observed during periods of sustained, strong northerly winds. Salt loads ranged from 302 tons per day to the north to 4,500 tons per day to the south.

  8. The 2011 Virginia earthquake: what are scientists learning?

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Horton, J. Wright; Williams, Robert A.

    2012-01-01

    Nearly 1 year ago, on 23 August, tens of millions of people in the eastern United States and southeastern Canada were startled in the middle of their workday (1:51 P.M. local time) by the sudden onset of moderate to strong ground shaking from a rare magnitude (M) 5.8 earthquake in central Virginia. Treating the shaking as if it were a fire drill, millions of workers in Washington, D. C., New York City, and other eastern cities hurriedly exited their buildings, exposing themselves to potentially greater danger from falling bricks and glass; “drop, cover, and hold” would have been a better response. Fortunately, the strong shaking stopped after about 5 seconds and did not cause widespread severe damage or serious injuries.

  9. Monitoring water quality from LANDSAT. [satellite observation of Virginia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barker, J. L.

    1975-01-01

    Water quality monitoring possibilities from LANDSAT were demonstrated both for direct readings of reflectances from the water and indirect monitoring of changes in use of land surrounding Swift Creek Reservoir in a joint project with the Virginia State Water Control Board and NASA. Film products were shown to have insufficient resolution and all work was done by digitally processing computer compatible tapes. Land cover maps of the 18,000 hectare Swift Creek Reservoir watershed, prepared for two dates in 1974, are shown. A significant decrease in the pine cover was observed in a 740 hectare construction site within the watershed. A measure of the accuracy of classification was obtained by comparing the LANDSAT results with visual classification at five sites on a U-2 photograph. Such changes in land cover can alert personnel to watch for potential changes in water quality.

  10. RAMSEYS DRAFT WILDERNESS STUDY AREA AND ADDITION, VIRGINIA.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lesure, Frank G.; Mory, Peter C.

    1984-01-01

    Mineral-resource surveys of the Ramseys Draft Wilderness Study Area and adjoining roadless area addition in George Washington National Forest in the western valley and ridge province, Augusta and Highland Counties, Virginia, were done. The surveys outlined three small areas containing anomalous amounts of copper, lead, and zinc related to stratabound red-bed copper mineralization, but these occurrences are not large and are not considered as having mineral-resource potential. The area contains abundant sandstone suitable for construction materials and shale suitable for making brick, tile, and other low-grade ceramic products, but these commodities occur in abundance outside the wilderness study area. Structural conditions are probably favorable for the accumulation of natural gas, but exploratory drilling has not been done sufficiently near the area to evaluate the gas potential.

  11. Status of fresh water mussel research in Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Neves, R.J.

    1983-10-01

    In addition to the previously described mussel research projects in Virginia, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) has undertaken a wide-ranging Cumberlandian Mollusc Conservation Program to (a) accumulate information on the present distribution, life histories, and ecological requirements of the Cumberlandian mussel fauna and (b) conserve or increase populations of these species in the Tennessee River drainage. This TVA program has contributed greatly toward a better understanding of species status, water quality problems, and research needs for this unique faunal group. The attention currently being given to fresh water mussels in the upper Tennessee River system is unprecedented, and participating State and Federal agencies are to be commended for supporting conservation activities far beyond what is legally required. The success of a mollusk conservation effort will depend on public awareness, not of mussels in and for themselves but as indicators of riverine degradation and its effect on environmental health and recreational opportunities for man.

  12. Nonfatal logging-related injuries in West Virginia.

    PubMed

    Helmkamp, J C; Derk, S J

    1999-11-01

    A survey was conducted via mail among West Virginia certified loggers to determine the number of nonfatal, logging-related injuries received during the past 12 months that required medical attention or restricted job ability. Loggers were asked to describe injuries, safety training, and protective equipment use. Thirty percent (546/1816) responded to the survey, and 9% (42/481) of those directly involved in logging operations reported injuries. Leading cause of injury was being struck by a falling tree or limb (29%); leading body parts injured were the leg/knee/hip (31%); and the most common type of injury was bruising (43%). Seventy-six percent of the injured sought medical treatment. A majority reported using some type of protective equipment including hard hats, safety shoes, and goggles. Loggers reported that training in the proper use of equipment and machinery; use of a safety plan, acting on worker suggestions, and landing talks might improve safety.

  13. Prescription drug abuse among prisoners in rural Southwestern Virginia.

    PubMed

    Wunsch, Martha J; Nakamoto, Kent; Goswami, Anil; Schnoll, Sidney H

    2007-01-01

    Non-medical use of prescription medications is on the rise across the U.S., particularly in rural areas. In this study of 233 prisoners and probationers in southwestern Virginia, we add to an emerging profile of individuals abusing prescription medications. In this retrospective review of 2000-2004 augmented Addiction Severity Index data, those abusing prescription medications reported increased illicit drug and alcohol abuse, poly-drug abuse, psychiatric problems, and arrests for property crimes. Forty percent reported abuse of OxyContin, a drug implicated in a number of deaths in this region. Compared to non-users, OxyContin users were younger, more likely to be female, and more likely to abuse benzodiazepines, methadone, cocaine, and heroin. Longevity of abuse of these other drugs belies suggestions that OxyContin was acting as a "gateway" drug leading naïve users into addiction and risk of death.

  14. U.S. hydropower resource assessment for Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Conner, A.M.; Francfort, J.E.

    1997-12-01

    In June 1989, the US Department of Energy initiated the development of a National Energy Strategy to identify the energy resources available to support the expanding demand for energy in the US. Public hearings conducted as part of the strategy development process indicated that undeveloped hydropower resources were not well defined. As a result, the Department of Energy established an interagency Hydropower Resource Assessment Team to ascertain the undeveloped hydropower potential. In connection with these efforts by the Department of Energy, the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory designed the Hydropower Evaluation Software (HES), which has been used to perform a resource assessment of the undeveloped conventional hydropower potential in over 30 states. This report presents the results of the hydropower resource assessment for the State of Virginia. Undeveloped pumped storage hydropower potential is not included.

  15. Feeding flights of nesting wading birds at a Virginia colony

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Erwin, R.M.

    1984-01-01

    Feeding flights of Snowy Egrets (Egretta thula), Tricolored Herons (E. tricolor), Little Blue Herons (E. caerulea), and Cattle Egrets (Bubulcus ibis) were monitored at a small nesting colony near Chincoteague, Virginia during late May and June 1979. All four species varied their flight directions over a series of days. Cattle Egrets oriented in a different direction (toward uplands) from the other three wetland-feeding species, which oriented toward Spartina marsh areas. None of the species showed a tendency to form groups while departing from or arriving at the colony. Tide level had little influence on flight directions used. Comparisons are made between these results and those from a similar study in coastal North Carolina.

  16. CONSOL Energy invests in West Virginia CTL plant

    SciTech Connect

    2008-10-15

    Working with Synthesis Energy Systems (SES), America's leading bituminous coal producer assists with the engineering design package for a coal gasification and liquefaction plant to be located near Benwood in West Virginia. Coal will be converted to syngas using SES's proprietary U-GAS technology. The syngas is expected to be used to produce about 720,000 metric tons per year of methanol. The U-GAS technology is licensed from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The article explains how the GTI gasification process works. It is based on a surge-stage fluidised bed for production of low-to-medium calorific value synthesis gas from a variety of feedstocks, including coal. 2 figs.

  17. Solar and air lumber drying during winter in Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    de S. Oliveira, L.C.; Skaar, C.; Wengert, E.M.

    1982-01-01

    A greenhouse-type solar lumber dryer with a transparent south wall and transparent 45 degrees sloped roof was used to dry 4/4 oak lumber in the winter in Virginia. A pile of end-matched samples was also air-dried during the same time period. The solar-dried lumber reached 20 percent moisture content (MC) in 80 days and 6 percent MC in 125 days; the air-dried pile reached 20 percent MC in 105 days and 14 percent MC in 162 days. Solar-dried lumber at 6 percent MC was without end checks and free of casehardening stresses. In order to permit comparisons of this dryer with other dryers or after modification of the existing dryer, a method of calculating an efficiency factor using standard meteorological data is explained. (Refs. 17).

  18. Late Cenozoic Reverse Faulting in the Fall Zone, Southeastern Virginia.

    PubMed

    Berquist Jr; Bailey

    1999-11-01

    A set of en-echelon reverse faults cut Paleozoic metamorphosed igneous rocks of the Piedmont and overlying late Cenozoic sediments at the Old Hickory Heavy Mineral Deposit in the Fall Zone of southeastern Virginia. Diorite of the eastern Slate Belt was faulted over nearshore to shore-face deposits of the Pliocene Yorktown Formation. These NW-SE-striking faults experienced oblique dip-slip movement with a maximum displacement of up to 6 m on individual faults. Faults tip out along strike and are overlain by distinct cobble beds, suggesting that sediment deposition and faulting were contemporaneous. Deformation at Old Hickory may have been formed by reactivation of existing Paleozoic structures under a regionally extensive compressional stress field parallel to the modern one.

  19. Southeastern Virginia Urban Plume Study design considerations and measurement results

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcdougal, D. S.; Gregory, G. L.

    1980-01-01

    The Southeastern Virginia Urban Plume Study is intended to provide a testing ground for NASA remote sensors designed for urban and regional scale monitoring of air quality phenomena. The air quality experiments it has conducted have incorporated surface, airborne, sonde and balloon platforms which measured air quality and meteorology parameters, with emphasis on photochemically produced O3 and its primary precursors upwind, above, and downwind of the Hampton Roads area urban complex. The results from three years of experiments have shown that such different meteorological conditions as blue/broken skies, high/moderate temperatures and low/high winds have a direct impact on the degree of downwind aging of the summer urban O3 airmass. In 1979, the urban plume was traced at aging times of 0.5, 1.5, and 5 hr.

  20. Small Wind Electric Systems: A Virginia Consumer's Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2007-01-01

    Small Wind Electric Systems: A Virginia Consumer's Guide provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and economics. Topics include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy. In addition, the cover of the guide contains a list of contacts for more information.

  1. U.S. hydropower resource assessment for West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Conner, A.M.; Francfort, J.E.

    1998-02-01

    The US Department of Energy is developing an estimate of the undeveloped hydropower potential in the US. The Hydropower Evaluation Software (HES) is a computer model that was developed by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory for this purpose. HES measures the undeveloped hydropower resources available in the US, using uniform criteria for measurement. The software was developed and tested using hydropower information and data provided by the Southwestern Power Administration. It is a menu-driven program that allows the personal computer user to assign environmental attributes to potential hydropower sites, calculate development suitability factors for each site based on the environmental attributes present, and generate reports based on these suitability factors. This report describes the resource assessment results for the State of West Virginia.

  2. Seismogenic structures in the central Virginia seismic zone

    SciTech Connect

    Coruh, C.; Bollinger, G.A.; Costain, J.K.

    1988-08-01

    A correlation between earthquake hypocenters and seismic reflection data in central Virginia has become apparent on an automatic line drawing (ALD) display of seismic reflection data. With the reprocessed Virginia I-64 reflection Vibroseis data extended to 14 s, reflectors are imaged from the lower crust as well as from the upper crust. Specifically, the improved resolution and data quality of ALDs have produced an image of an antiformal structure bounded by mid-crustal reflections on the bottom and by major thrusts at the top. The reflections that define the roof of the antiform are most prominent from about 6 s (18 km) on the east near Richmond under the Coastal Plain sediments, to 1-1.3 s (3-4 km) between Richmond and Charlottesville, and to 3.5 s (10.5 km) on the west. Seismic signatures that can be followed downward from the surface between Charlottesville and Richmond appear to be truncated at the roof of the antiform. The dominant reflections that define the roof correlate with the seismic signature of the transported Taconic suture on the west flank and mylonites on the east flank. The distribution of hypocenters in the area shows an excellent correlation with the westward-dipping reflections that form the roof of the antiform on its western flank. Earthquake activity in this locale may be related to reactivation of the thrusts defining the roof and/or faults above the antiformal structure; however, distribution of the easternmost and deepest set of hypocenters appears to be related to an extensive near-vertical diabase dike swarm of Mesozoic age.

  3. The Shapley Program 1985 - 1990: The Virginia Years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tolbert, C. R.

    1998-05-01

    The Shapley Program moved to the University of Virginia from the University of Delaware in the summer of 1985. Prior to moving to Charlottesville the program had been run by Harry Shipman. 1985 - 1986 was the year of Comet Halley, and it was also the year that the program reached its peak of visits made by the astronomical community. We scheduled 135 visits that year. Luckily, I was new on the job and didn't realize the effort that would be involved in coordinating that many visiting astronomers. One way or the other we got through the "big" year and, after consultation with the Council, established a maximum number of visits to be scheduled per year at 80. We maintained that number every year through the Virginia period. It was during this time that the office purchased its first computer and computerized the mailing list. We sent brochures to some 2,000 plus colleges and junior colleges throughout the US, Canada and Mexico. (regrettably, we never received a request form a Mexican school.) The fee charged to the school for each visit was \\75 per visit in the beginning and rose to \\200 per school by the end of the period. The rest of the costs of the program were borne by the Shapley Endowment Fund and the AAS Education Office. We waived the fee from a number of schools on request. In addition to being a Shapley Lecturer myself, I had the great pleasure during this period of receiving the many compliments about the program. There is no question that the Shapley Visiting Lectureships Program provides an excellent service to small colleges in both the US and Canada. Based on the reports of our success, the American Physical Society re-instituted their lecture program as did the American Optical Society.

  4. Geologic Map of the Stafford Quadrangle, Stafford County, Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mixon, Robert B.; Pavlides, Louis; Horton, J. Wright; Powars, David S.; Schindler, J. Stephen

    2005-01-01

    Introduction The Stafford 7.5-minute quadrangle, comprising approximately 55 square miles (142.5 square kilometers) of northeastern Virginia, is about 40 miles (mi) south of Washington, D.C. The region's main north-south transportation corridor, which connects Washington, D.C., and Richmond, Va., consists of Interstate 95, U.S. Highway 1, and the heavily used CSX and Amtrak railroads. Although the northern and eastern parts of the Stafford quadrangle have undergone extensive suburban development, the remainder of the area is still dominantly rural in character. The town of Stafford is the county seat. The Stafford 7.5-minute quadrangle is located in the Fredericksburg 30'x60' quadrangle, where information on the regional stratigraphy and structure is available from Mixon and others' (2000) geologic map and multichapter explanatory text. In addition to straddling the 'Fall Zone' boundary between the Appalachian Piedmont and the Atlantic Coastal Plain provinces, this quadrangle contains the best preserved and best studied segment of the Stafford fault system, an important example of late Cenozoic faulting in eastern North America (Mixon and Newell, 1977). This 1:24,000-scale geologic map provides a detailed framework for interpreting and integrating topical studies of that fault system. Our geologic map integrates more than two decades of intermittent geologic mapping and related investigations by the authors in this part of the Virginia Coastal Plain. Earlier mapping in the Piedmont by Pavlides (1995) has been revised by additional detailed mapping in selected areas, particularly near Abel Lake and Smith Lake, and by field evaluation of selected contact relations.

  5. The Role of Community Colleges in Training Arborists To Care for Virginia's Urban Forests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Joseph

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the importance of urban forests and the urban forestry (arboculture) career study certificate program at Blue Ridge Community College in Virginia, which begins in fall 2002. (Contains 19 references.) (NB)

  6. Comments Received on Proposed Additions to West Virginia's 2014 List of Impaired Waters

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Comments submitted from the public during the public comment period for EPA's partial approval-partial disapproval and proposed additions to West Virginia's 2014 Section 303(d) List of Impaired Waters.

  7. 77 FR 6814 - Virginia; Amendment No. 5 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-09

    ... notice of a major disaster declaration for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-4042-DR), dated November 4... in his declaration of November 4, 2011. Albemarle and King George Counties for Individual...

  8. 75 FR 35827 - Virginia; Amendment No. 4 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ... notice of a major disaster declaration for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-1874-DR), dated February 16... declaration of February 16, 2010. King George County for Public Assistance. Culpeper and King George...

  9. 76 FR 58290 - Virginia; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... notice of a major disaster declaration for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-4024-DR), dated September 3..., Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Henrico, King George, King and Queen, King William, Mathews, Northumberland,...

  10. 75 FR 62759 - Notice of Proposed Change to Section IV of the Virginia State Technical Guide

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ...: 314, Brush Management, 324, Deep Tillage, 330, Contour Farming, 332, Contour Buffer Strips, 344... standards will be made available upon written request to the address shown above or on the Virginia NRCS...

  11. Description and evaluation of the information transfer workshop series "Coal hydrology in Virginia"

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hufschmidt, Peter W.

    1984-01-01

    A series of workshops was conducted in September, 1982, by staff of the Virginia Office, Mid-Atlantic District of the U.S.-Geological Survey for the benefit of coal operators, consultants, and resource managers in the coal-producing area of southwest Virginia. The purpose of the workshop series was to present hydrologic information and data by the U.S. Geological Survey collected during four years of study of the. coal hydrology of Virginia. The workshop series was held one day a week for three weeks at two locations within southwest Virginia in order to reduce travel time and overnight travel costs for participants. Results of an independently conducted questionnaire indicate the series was a success. The report summarizes the workshop preparation, organization, and presentation, and gives general conclusions and suggestions for those interested in conducting workshops.

  12. 54. Virginia Route 615/Norfolk Southern Railroad. This example of a ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    54. Virginia Route 615/Norfolk Southern Railroad. This example of a prestressed concrete girder grade separation structure was built in 1959. View to the west. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

  13. 78 FR 56151 - Safety Zone, North Atlantic Ocean; Virginia Beach, VA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-12

    ... offshore between 17th and 31st Streets of Virginia Beach, VA. The fireworks debris fallout area will extend... site and fallout area and is expected to have no impact on the water or environment. This zone...

  14. FRIDAY: EPA Administrator to Attend the Virginia Coastal Policy Centers Climate Change Conference

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    WASHINGTON - Tomorrow, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Gina McCarthy will be the luncheon speaker at the William ' Mary Law School's Virginia Coastal Policy Center third annual climate change conference, Show Me the Mon

  15. TODAY: EPA Administrator to Attend the Virginia Coastal Policy Centers Climate Change Conference

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    WASHINGTON - Today, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Gina McCarthy will be the luncheon speaker at the William ' Mary Law School's Virginia Coastal Policy Center third annual climate change conference, Show Me the Money:

  16. 78 FR 19434 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Transportation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-01

    ...; Transportation Conformity Regulations AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule... incorporate Federal revisions to transportation conformity requirements. In the Final Rules section of this... Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Transportation Conformity Regulations,'' that is located in...

  17. Frequency of serial sexual homicide victimization in Virginia for a ten-year period.

    PubMed

    McNamara, James J; Morton, Robert J

    2004-05-01

    The frequency of serial sexual murder has been widely discussed, and estimates of the number of victims in the United States range from 500 to 6000 per year. This study attempted to quantify the number of serial sexual murder victims in Virginia for a ten-year period. Multiple sources of data were utilized, including Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) case files, FBI's Violent Criminal Apprehension Program (ViCAP) reports, Virginia State Police ViCAP reports, Virginia Homicide Investigators Association, and the Virginia Division of Forensic Science DNA database, to effectively cull out all the known serial sexual murder victims for the given time period. Review of these records revealed a total of 28 victims of serial sexual murder, compared with a total of 5183 murder victims for the same ten-year period. The frequency of serial sexual victimization was 0.5% of all homicides for the given period. These results highlight the unusual frequency of serial sexual murder.

  18. 76 FR 55541 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia: Kentucky; Ohio...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-07

    ...-Ashland Area is comprised of Cabell and Wayne Counties in their entireties and a portion of Mason County... portion of Mason County (Graham Tax District) in West Virginia; Boyd County in its entirety and a...

  19. Energy Efficiency of the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2004-11-30

    The West Virginia State Building Code contains two options for energy efficiency requirements in one- and two-family dwellings. One is the International Code Council?s (ICC) 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) (ICC 1999a,b) (87-4-4.1.6). The second is an exception (replacement) for Chapter 11 of the ICC International Residential Code (IRC) (87-4-4.1.7). The West Virginia Energy Efficiency Program, West Virginia Development Office, has asked the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to compare the energy use resulting from the application of the 2000 IECC code and the IRC code, as amended by West Virginia. The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) compared the energy use from compliance with the 2000 IECC to the exception to Chapter 11 of the IRC known as the ''Alternate Energy Code''.

  20. 76 FR 43230 - Outer Continental Shelf Air Regulations Consistency Update for Virginia

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 55 Outer Continental Shelf Air Regulations Consistency Update for Virginia AGENCY... Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Air Regulations. Requirements applying to OCS sources located within...