Science.gov

Sample records for radio broadcasting

  1. Radio broadcasting via satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helm, Neil R.; Pritchard, Wilbur L.

    1990-10-01

    Market areas offering potential for future narrowband broadcast satellites are examined, including international public diplomacy, government- and advertising-supported, and business-application usages. Technical issues such as frequency allocation, spacecraft types, transmission parameters, and radio receiver characteristics are outlined. Service and system requirements, advertising revenue, and business communications services are among the economic issues discussed. The institutional framework required to provide an operational radio broadcast service is studied, and new initiatives in direct broadcast audio radio systems, encompassing studies, tests, in-orbit demonstrations of, and proposals for national and international commercial broadcast services are considered.

  2. Educational Broadcasting--Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahamed, Uvais; Grimmett, George

    This manual is intended for those who must conduct educational radio broadcasting training courses in Asia-Pacific countries without the resources of experienced personnel, as well as for individuals to use in self-learning situations. The selection of material has been influenced by the need to use broadcasting resources effectively in programs…

  3. International Radio Broadcasting: Who Listens?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browne, Donald R.

    It is difficult to obtain reliable data on the nature of the audience for international broadcast programs in Asia (e.g., those beamed by the Voice of America or Radio Japan). However, analysis of listener mail and some survey research have provided a fairly clear profile of the audience: young (ages 15-34), well educated, urban, male (but with a…

  4. Direct Broadcast Satellite: Radio Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1992-01-01

    NASA is committed to providing technology development that leads to the introduction of new commercial applications for communications satellites. The Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Program is a joint effort between The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and The United States Information Agency/Voice of America (USIA/VOA) directed at this objective. The purpose of this program is to define the service and develop the technology for a direct-to-listener satellite sound broadcasting system. The DBS-R Program, as structured by NASA and VOA, is now a three-phase program designed to help the U.S. commercial communications satellite and receiver industry bring about this new communications service. Major efforts are being directed towards frequency planning hardware and service development, service demonstration, and experimentation with new satellite and receiver technology.

  5. Language Choice in Transnational Radio Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Richard E.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the comparative strength of language use as measured by languages used in transnational radio broadcasting. Findings indicate that politics and Christian evangelism are the two major concerns dominating broadcasting and that language selection policy influences political, social, and cultural change. (JMF)

  6. 77 FR 32900 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  7. 78 FR 266 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-03

    ...-270; RM-11676; DA 12-2024] Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  8. 77 FR 64946 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, Georgia

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, Georgia AGENCY: Federal Communications... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The authority...

  9. 77 FR 59882 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The authority...

  10. 75 FR 63431 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1....

  11. 76 FR 67397 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant... Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1....

  12. 78 FR 25591 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, New Mexico

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, New Mexico AGENCY: Federal Communications... Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal...--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for Part 73 continues to read as follows:...

  13. 78 FR 4078 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-18

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  14. 78 FR 26739 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, Arizona AGENCY: Federal Communications... Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez... Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1....

  15. 78 FR 32 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-02

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission.... 8. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission... Federal Communications Commission amends 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0...

  16. 75 FR 76294 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Fairbanks, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Fairbanks, AK AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 For... follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for Part 73 continues to read...

  17. 77 FR 50630 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  18. 75 FR 76293 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ AGENCY: Federal Communications... CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 As stated in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority...

  19. 76 FR 42573 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Oklahoma and Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Oklahoma and Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review filed by Rawhide Radio, LLC, Capstar TX Limited Partnership, Clear Channel Broadcasting...

  20. 75 FR 71044 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Onekama, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Onekama, MI AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Northern Radio of Michigan, Inc., in... CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the...

  1. 75 FR 52649 - Radio Broadcasting Services; DeBeque, Colorado

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 . Radio Broadcasting Services; DeBeque, Colorado AGENCY: Federal Communications... Congressional Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio... follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read...

  2. 78 FR 12622 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-25

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... a first and/or second NCE radio service to 67.5 percent (21,149 persons) of the total population of... 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. ]...

  3. 77 FR 62481 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, NM

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, NM AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART...

  4. 76 FR 69222 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Altamont, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Altamont, OR AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The...

  5. 78 FR 61251 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Heber Springs, Arkansas.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Heber Springs, Arkansas. AGENCY: Federal....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART...

  6. 78 FR 3877 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ AGENCY: Federal Communications... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio...

  7. 76 FR 13579 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications...

  8. 77 FR 52292 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-29

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  9. 78 FR 12010 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pearsall, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pearsall, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  10. 77 FR 43216 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  11. 77 FR 16800 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY AGENCY: Federal Communications... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio...

  12. 78 FR 27342 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Moran, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Moran, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio...

  13. 77 FR 64792 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  14. 77 FR 64758 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications... application for Station KSSI (FM), requesting to upgrade the facilities of the FM station from Channel 274A to... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief,...

  15. 78 FR 37474 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, Colorado

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, Colorado AGENCY: Federal Communications..., allots FM Channel 229C3 as a first local transmission service at Dove Creek, Colorado. Channel 229C3 can... CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Chief,...

  16. 77 FR 50053 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... subsequent order. Accordingly, we are amending the FM Table of Allotments by removing the NCE ``asterisk... 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Peter H. Doyle, Chief,...

  17. 78 FR 25861 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, Arizona AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of The Hualapai Tribe, allots FM....S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting....

  18. Depression Radio Broadcast Dramas in the Canadian History Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chilcoat, George W.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Provides a lesson plan on the Great Depression in which students examine the social, economic, and political events of the period through a study of radio broadcasting. Describes an activity in which students research the era and create a radio broadcast. Outlines activity guidelines, radio language, and evaluation methods. (RW)

  19. Direct broadcast satellite-radio, receiver development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vaisnys, A.; Bell, D.; Gevargiz, J.; Golshan, Nasser

    1993-01-01

    The status of the ongoing Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Receiver Development Task being performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology (JPL) is reported. This work is sponsored by the Voice of America/U.S. Information Agency through an agreement with NASA. The objective of this task is to develop, build, test, and demonstrate a prototype receiver that is compatible with reception of digital audio programs broadcast via satellites. The receiver is being designed to operate under a range of reception conditions, including fixed, portable, and mobile, as well as over a sufficiently wide range of bit rates to accommodate broadcasting systems with different cost/audio quality objectives. While the requirements on the receiver are complex, the eventual goal of the design effort is to make the design compatible with low cost production as a consumer product. One solution may be a basic low cost core design suitable for a majority of reception conditions, with optional enhancements for reception in especially difficult environments. Some of the receiver design parameters were established through analysis, laboratory tests, and a prototype satellite experiment accomplished in late 1991. Many of the necessary design trades will be made during the current simulation effort, while a few of the key design options will be incorporated into the prototype for evaluation during the planned satellite field trials.

  20. 75 FR 17874 - Digital Audio Broadcasting Systems and Their Impact on the Terrestrial Radio Broadcast Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-08

    ... adopts changes in the digital audio broadcasting (DAB) rules to permit FM radio stations to voluntarily... regulatory impediments to FM digital radio's ability to realize its full potential and deliver its promised... of 18 broadcasters that operate over 1200 commercial and noncommercial educational (NCE) FM...

  1. Radio Broadcasts from China. Series 7: Commentary and Cultural Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuo, Joseph C.; And Others

    In the seventh part of an eight-part series of radio broadcasts from the People's Republic of China, transcripts of the broadcasts are presented in Chinese along with glossaries of vocabulary words and questions. The transcripts are intended to be used with cassette tapes of the radio program selections. The series was designed to assist advanced…

  2. 75 FR 52872 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Blythe, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Blythe, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Prescott Valley Radio Broadcasting Company, Inc., substitutes FM Channel 247B for Channel 239B at Blythe, California. Channel 247B can...

  3. Radio Broadcasting for Adult Nonformal Environmental Education in Botswana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyirenda, Juma E.

    1995-01-01

    Radio broadcasting is used in Botswana to inform, teach, and persuade adults about issues in agriculture, health, wildlife, conservation, and other areas. However, open broadcasting is not an effective nonformal education tool. Active and guided group listening to radio enables discussion and feedback. (SK)

  4. 76 FR 70904 - Commission Organization; Practice and Procedure; Radio Broadcast Services; and Experimental Radio...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Parts 0, 1, 73, and 74 Commission Organization; Practice and Procedure; Radio Broadcast Services; and Experimental Radio, Auxiliary, Special Broadcast and Other Program Distributional Services... obsolete. Section 1.805 of the Commission's rules requires common carriers engaged in public radio...

  5. 76 FR 13524 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications... FM Channel 258A at Willow Creek, California. Channel 258A can be allotted at Willow Creek, consistent... Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio...

  6. 78 FR 21337 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... filed by Tejas Broadcasting Ltd., LLP (``Petitioner''), licensee of FM Station KMJR, Channel 252C2, Odem, Texas. Petitioner proposes to amend the FM Table of Allotments by substituting Channel 291A for...

  7. 78 FR 36683 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, Mississippi

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, Mississippi AGENCY: Federal Communications... Broadcasting, allots FM Channel 228A ] as a first local service at Summit, Mississippi. To accommodate that allotment, the Audio Division reclassifies Station WQUE-FM, New Orleans, Louisiana, to specify operation...

  8. 75 FR 41123 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 . Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, OR AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: This document sets forth a proposal to amend the FM Table of... comment on a petition filed by Black Hills Broadcasting, L.P. proposing the allotment of FM Channel...

  9. Listenership of Radio Agricultural Broadcasts in Southwestern Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emmanuel, Adekoya Adegbenga; Olabode, Badiru Idris

    2012-01-01

    Agricultural broadcasts on radio play a major role in agricultural extension and rural development in Nigeria due to the low ratio of extension agents in relation to the farming population. The broadcasts have been on air for some time and therefore there is a need to investigate their acceptance among the rural dwellers in Southwestern Nigeria.…

  10. Using the Medium to Teach the Medium: Radio Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryland, Edwin H.

    Effective broadcast education should get students to perform professionally in broadcast situations with a minimum of guidance. To do this, class assignments should include either activities similar to commercial work or on-the-job experiences at the campus or local commercial radio stations. The possibilities for such activities and experiences…

  11. 77 FR 38761 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposal rule; dismissal. SUMMARY: The Audio Division dismisses the petition...

  12. 78 FR 11987 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Avalon, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Avalon, California AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule; announcement of effective date. SUMMARY: This document announces...

  13. Low Cost Antennas for Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, T. K.; Huang, J.

    1994-01-01

    Two omni-directional and circularly polarized low gain antennas (the crossed drooping dipole and the TM(sub 21) mode circular patch antenna)are developed for direct broadcast satellite radio (DBSR) outdoor mobile terminal applications.

  14. 77 FR 2242 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  15. 76 FR 49364 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, Madras, and Manzanita, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, Madras, and Manzanita, OR AGENCY: Federal... CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. James D. Bradshaw, Deputy... Communications Commission amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The...

  16. 77 FR 58800 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Knox City, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Knox City, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... Allotments by substituting Channel 277A for vacant Channel 291A, at Knox City, Texas. The proposal is part of... at Knox City, Texas, in compliance with the Commission's minimum distance separation requirements...

  17. 76 FR 12292 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Kualapuu, HI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Kualapuu, HI AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Kemp Communications, Inc., allots...

  18. 77 FR 75946 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 . Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, CO AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: This document sets forth a proposal to amend the FM Table of... by Cochise Media Licenses, LLC, proposing to amend the Table of Allotments by allotting FM...

  19. 78 FR 71557 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tohatchi, New Mexico

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-29

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tohatchi, New Mexico AGENCY: Federal Communications... filed by the Navajo Nation to amend the FM Table of Allotments, Section 73.202(b) of the Commission's Rules, by allotting FM Channel 268C2, Tohatchi, New Mexico, as a first local service under the...

  20. 78 FR 73793 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Evart and Ludington, Michigan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Evart and Ludington, Michigan AGENCY: Federal... Lakeshore Licenses, LLC (``Synergy''), licensee of Station WMLQ(FM), Manistee, Michigan, the deletion of vacant FM Channel 274A at Evart, Michigan. The document also proposes the return of Stations...

  1. 76 FR 37049 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Kenneth W. Diebel, licensee of FM Station KGGM, Channel 228A, Delhi, Louisiana, proposing the substitution of FM Channel 228A for vacant FM Channel 230A at Bastrop, Louisiana. The proposed substitution...

  2. 76 FR 79113 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission...''), deletes FM Channel 230A and allots FM Channel 228A at Bastrop, Louisiana. The purpose of the proposed channel substitution is to accommodate Petitioner's pending application to upgrade FM Station KGGM,...

  3. 75 FR 76294 - Radio Broadcasting Services: Pacific Junction, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services: Pacific Junction, IA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The staff deletes FM Channel 299C2 at Pacific Junction, Iowa... landing system configurations and the Commission's spacing requirements Further, there are no other...

  4. 78 FR 42700 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications..., allots FM Channel 291A and deletes FM Channel 252A at Matagorda, Texas. This allotment change is part of a hybrid rule making and FM application proposal. Channel 291A can be allotted at...

  5. 77 FR 76936 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission..., LLC, allots FM Channel 287A and deletes FM Channel 244A at Tignall, Georgia. The allotment change is part of a hybrid rule making and FM application proposal. Channel 287A can be allotted at...

  6. 76 FR 79112 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Milford, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Milford, UT AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final Rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Canyon Media Group, LLC, allots FM Channel 288C and deletes FM Channel 285C at Milford, Utah. The allotment change is part of a hybrid...

  7. 78 FR 42700 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division updates the FM Table of Allotments to reinstate five vacant FM allotments in various communities in Maryland, Oregon, Texas, Virginia, and Wyoming...

  8. 75 FR 3694 - Radio Broadcasting Services, Peach Springs, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services, Peach Springs, Arizona AGENCY: Federal Communications... Media Licenses, LLC, proposing the allotment of FM Channel 281C3 at Peach Springs, Arizona. The...), Cochise Media Licenses, the tentative selectee in Auction 79 and applicant for a new FM station on...

  9. 76 FR 67375 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, on its own motion, updates the FM Table of Allotments to reinstate certain vacant FM allotments. Formerly, the FM Table listed all vacant FM...

  10. 77 FR 23203 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, MS

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, MS AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: This document sets forth a proposal to amend the FM Table of Allotments... Table of Allotments by allotting FM Channel 228A at Summit, Mississippi, as that community's first...

  11. 76 FR 36384 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Brackettville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Brackettville, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... request of RF Services, Inc., licensee of a new FM station at Rocksprings, Texas, that requests the... Rocksprings, to Brackettville, Texas, and modification of the new FM station authorization. See File No....

  12. 78 FR 27306 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dermott, Arkansas, and Cleveland, Mississippi

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Dermott, Arkansas, and Cleveland, Mississippi AGENCY... Delta Radio Network, LLC, substitutes FM Channel 224A for 289A at Dermott, Arkansas, and substitutes FM... CFR part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez,...

  13. 76 FR 15857 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Early and Lake Brownwood, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Early and Lake Brownwood, TX AGENCY: Federal... the Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List Of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio... CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for Part...

  14. Facilitating disaster preparedness through local radio broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Romo-Murphy, Eila; James, Ross; Adams, Mike

    2011-10-01

    The 2008 Disaster Mitigation Preparedness (DMP) study took place in Aceh province, Indonesia. It sought to help develop radio programmes and messages to increase resilience to disasters. The role of radio was evaluated during and after the 2004 Asian tsunami disaster. The study team interviewed 984 tsunami survivors from nine sub-districts of Banda Aceh, and local nongovernmental organisations convened eight focus groups around the area of Aceh Besar. Six key informant interviews were held with government disaster management agencies. The DMP survey is the first of its kind to interview a representative random sample of Banda Aceh residents. It reveals the importance of community and social networks, during disaster situations, when essential communications are down. A disaster warning information system based on a multi-media approach needs to be developed. The wider community should be involved in the planning, education and training of Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar residents to facilitate appropriate personal and community survival strategies.

  15. 76 FR 44279 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Clinchco, VA, and Coal Run, KY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Clinchco, VA, and Coal Run, KY AGENCY: Federal... the Radio Broadcast Services, Report and Order, 71 FR 76208 (December 20, 2006). This document is not...) because no changes are being made to 47 CFR 73.202(b)). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio,...

  16. Utilisation didactique de bulletins d'informations radio (Instructional Use of the Radio News Broadcasts).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lescure, Richard; Pothier, Maguy

    1980-01-01

    Discusses the use of radio news broadcasts as instructional materials, citing some of the advantages they afford the user. Advantages include the homogeneity of mass media language, the frequency of news flashes, and the opportunity for individual work on related newspaper articles. Illustrates steps to move from global to total comprehension.…

  17. Direct broadcast satellite-radio, space-segment/receiver tradeoffs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1993-01-01

    The balance between receiver complexity and the required satellite equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP) for Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) service is addressed. In general the required receiver complexity and cost can be reduced at the expense of higher space-segment cost by allowing a higher satellite EIRP. The tradeoff outcome is sensitive to the total number of anticipated receivers in a given service area, the number of audio programs, and the required audio quality. An understanding of optimum choice of satellite EIRP for DBS-R under various service requirements is a critical issue at this time when International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR) is soliciting input in preparation for the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) planning conference for the service.

  18. Direct broadcast satellite-radio, space-segment/receiver tradeoffs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    The balance between receiver complexity and the required satellite equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP) for Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) service is addressed. In general the required receiver complexity and cost can be reduced at the expense of higher space-segment cost by allowing a higher satellite EIRP. The tradeoff outcome is sensitive to the total number of anticipated receivers in a given service area, the number of audio programs, and the required audio quality. An understanding of optimum choice of satellite EIRP for DBS-R under various service requirements is a critical issue at this time when International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR) is soliciting input in preparation for the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) planning conference for the service.

  19. 75 FR 59645 - Radio Broadcast Services and Multichannel Video and Cable Television Service; Clarification...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Parts 73 and 76 Radio Broadcast Services and Multichannel Video and Cable Television... number of requirements related to Radio Broadcast Services and Multichannel Video and Cable...

  20. Radio Broadcasts from China. Series 1 and 2: News, Cultural Programs and Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuo, Joseph C.; Kosuth, Robert

    In the first two parts of an eight-part series of radio broadcasts from the People's Republic of China, transcripts of the broadcasts are presented in Chinese along with glossaries of vocabulary words and questions for each program. These transcripts are intended to be used with cassette tapes of the radio program selections. The series was…

  1. Radio Broadcasts from China. Series 5 and 6: News, Cultural Programs and Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuo, Joseph C.

    In the fifth and sixth parts of an eight-part series of radio broadcasts from the People's Republic of China, transcripts of the broadcasts are presented in Chinese along with glossaries of vocabulary words and questions for each program. These transcripts are intended to be used with cassette tapes of the radio program selections. The series was…

  2. Radio Broadcasts from China. Series 3 and 4: News, Cultural Programs and Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuo, Joseph C.

    In the third and fourth parts of an eight-part series of radio broadcasts from the People's Republic of China, transcripts of the broadcasts are presented in Chinese along with glossaries of vocabulary words and questions for each program. These transcripts are intended to be used with cassette tapes of the radio program selections. The series was…

  3. 78 FR 16816 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Munds Park, Wickenburg, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-19

    ... filed by Univision Radio License Corporation for an increase in existing service by Station KHOV-FM... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Munds Park... Media Bureau grants a Counterproposal filed by Grenax Broadcasting II, LLC, for a new FM allotment...

  4. The Institutional Context of Industry Consolidation: Radio Broadcasting in the United States, 1920-1934

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lippmann, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    Shortly after the first commercial radio broadcast in 1920, the medium's popularity exploded and the number of stations on the dial grew tremendously. By 1930, however, a mere 10 years after the first radio broadcast occurred, the industry was dominated by large, commercial stations who sold advertising time in a variety of forms and were operated…

  5. Radio News in Thirties America: The Photographic Archives of the Broadcast Pioneers Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culbert, David

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the development and assesses the value of historical works on radio news broadcasts during the 1930s. Examines two photograph collections from the Broadcast Pioneers Library, stating that they are an important resource in radio and television history that can be used for history teaching and research. Presents several of the photographs…

  6. Digital Audio Radio Broadcast Systems Laboratory Testing Nearly Complete

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Radio history continues to be made at the NASA Lewis Research Center with the completion of phase one of the digital audio radio (DAR) testing conducted by the Consumer Electronics Group of the Electronic Industries Association. This satellite, satellite/terrestrial, and terrestrial digital technology will open up new audio broadcasting opportunities both domestically and worldwide. It will significantly improve the current quality of amplitude-modulated/frequency-modulated (AM/FM) radio with a new digitally modulated radio signal and will introduce true compact-disc-quality (CD-quality) sound for the first time. Lewis is hosting the laboratory testing of seven proposed digital audio radio systems and modes. Two of the proposed systems operate in two modes each, making a total of nine systems being tested. The nine systems are divided into the following types of transmission: in-band on-channel (IBOC), in-band adjacent-channel (IBAC), and new bands. The laboratory testing was conducted by the Consumer Electronics Group of the Electronic Industries Association. Subjective assessments of the audio recordings for each of the nine systems was conducted by the Communications Research Center in Ottawa, Canada, under contract to the Electronic Industries Association. The Communications Research Center has the only CCIR-qualified (Consultative Committee for International Radio) audio testing facility in North America. The main goals of the U.S. testing process are to (1) provide technical data to the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) so that it can establish a standard for digital audio receivers and transmitters and (2) provide the receiver and transmitter industries with the proper standards upon which to build their equipment. In addition, the data will be forwarded to the International Telecommunications Union to help in the establishment of international standards for digital audio receivers and transmitters, thus allowing U.S. manufacturers to compete in the

  7. [Evaluation of medication advertising broadcast on radio stations].

    PubMed

    Batista, Almária Mariz; Carvalho, Maria Cleide Ribeiro Dantas de

    2013-02-01

    The scope of this paper was to evaluate advertising for medication broadcast on radio stations in Natal, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from April to September 2008 and from April to September 2010. The advertising was recorded and transcribed in order to conduct legal analysis and content analysis based on the precepts of Laurence Bardin. Both the advertising recorded during the first stage (regulated by RDC 102/00) and the second stage (regulated by RDC 96/08) contained some form of legal violation. Content analysis detected practically the same violations in both stages, namely the lack of information regarding adverse effects of the medication, appeal to consumption, exaggeration of efficiency/effectiveness and abusive exploitation of illness. Despite the inclusion of more modern and restrictive legislation, radio advertising continues to violate the law blatantly, committing abuse and disrespecting the population's entitlement to good health. The study reveals the need for medication advertising to be dealt with in a broader context, in other words to be treated as a public health concern. It must take into consideration the socio-historical scenario in which it evolved, since the legislation alone is insufficient to combat abuse committed to the detriment of public health.

  8. 75 FR 31437 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., BPH-20100406AAZ, From SOUTH BEND, WA, To COSMOPOLIS, WA; MOUNT WILSON FM BROADCASTERS, INC.,...

  9. 75 FR 13761 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... BROADCASTING CORPORATION, Station KFFF-FM, Facility ID 6417, BPH-20100126AGR, From BOONE, IA, To JOHNSTON,...

  10. 78 FR 56170 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Magnolia, Arkansas; and Oil City, Louisiana

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Magnolia, Arkansas; and Oil City, Louisiana AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule; denial of application for review. SUMMARY: In...

  11. Socio-Economic Aspects of National Communication Systems: III. Radio Broadcasting in Venezuela. Communication and Society, 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capriles, Oswaldo; And Others

    The third in a series that examines the role of radio broadcasting in the process of socioeconomic and cultural change in three countries with different types of broadcasting organization--Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Venezuela--this volume focuses on Venezuela. An overview of radio broadcasting in Venezuela describes various aspects and provides…

  12. 78 FR 53054 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Chillicothe, Dublin, Hillsboro, and Marion, Ohio

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Chillicothe, Dublin, Hillsboro, and Marion, Ohio... document denies an Application for Review filed by the Committee for Competitive Columbus Radio... argued that the reallotment to Dublin could not be implemented because it would violate the local...

  13. 78 FR 41062 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change...-20130509ABB, From SMITHS GROVE, KY, To HISEVILLE, KY; HOG RADIO, INC., Station KCYT, Facility ID 51098,...

  14. 76 FR 55388 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-07

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License. AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: CBS Radio East Inc., Station WLZL, Facility ID 72177,...

  15. 78 FR 55075 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-09

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change...-20120731AAA, From CONROE, TX, To BAYTOWN, TX; DALHART RADIO, INC., Station NEW, Facility ID 191569,...

  16. 77 FR 62512 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-15

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License. AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM..., OK; COMMUNITY RADIO PROJECT, Station KZET, Facility ID 173810, BPED-20120914AEF, From CORTEZ, CO,...

  17. 77 FR 38631 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-28

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change...-20120515ABA, From FRANKLIN, LA, To BELLE ROSE, LA; CBS RADIO STATIONS INC., Station WMSF, Facility ID...

  18. 76 FR 14394 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... GREENE, Station KOYD, Facility ID 166015, BMPH-20110128ABF, From GACKLE, ND, To TOWER CITY, ND; RADIO...

  19. 76 FR 65192 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change...., Station NEW, Facility ID 166079, BNPH-20060310AEF, from Burke, SD, to Wagner, SD; Kona Coast Radio,...

  20. 75 FR 6395 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change...-20100126AFU, From MERIDIAN, MS, To DECATUR, MS; AUTAUGAVILLE RADIO, INC., Station WKXN, Facility ID 73194,...

  1. 76 FR 2382 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: Educational Radio for the Public of the New Millennium, Station...

  2. 75 FR 66098 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: GRACE PUBLIC RADIO, Station KFKB, Facility ID 174471,...

  3. 76 FR 31961 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., AZ, To APACHE JUNCTION, AZ; LA NUEVA CADENA RADIO LUZ, INC., Station KLIT, Facility ID 86722,...

  4. 75 FR 1621 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... ELDON, MO, To ST. THOMAS, MO; COX RADIO, INC., Station WALR-FM, Facility ID 48728, BPH-20091124ABA,...

  5. 78 FR 9915 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-12

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., From GOSHEN, AL, To BRANTLEY, AL; AZALEA RADIO CORPORATION, Station NEW, Facility ID 183371,...

  6. 77 FR 8869 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., BMPED-20120131ALI, From RIDGEVILLE, SC, To ST. GEORGE, SC; RADIO LICENSE HOLDING II, LLC, Station...

  7. 77 FR 45352 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change...-20120530AFQ, From ROCKY MOUNT, NC, To ELM CITY, NC; SIERRA RADIO, INC., Station KVXX, Facility ID 31618,...

  8. 76 FR 72705 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-25

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... 90498, BPED-20111103AGS, From LOWELL, IN, To WANATAH, IN; RADIO LICENSE HOLDING CBC, LLC, Station...

  9. 77 FR 24954 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals to Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals to Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... 17227, BPH-20120327ALB, From HUDSON, IA, To EVANSDALE; HOG RADIO, INC., Station KLYR-FM, Facility...

  10. 76 FR 22704 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-22

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., BMPED-20110302ABD, From DANBURY, NC, To MADISON, NC; COX RADIO, INC., Station WHIO-FM, Facility ID...

  11. 77 FR 75434 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-20

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... ABERDEEN, WA; MCC RADIO, LLC, Station KDUX-FM, Facility ID 52676, BPH-20121114AGF, From ABERDEEN, WA,...

  12. 77 FR 66839 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... MCCALL, ID, To HUNTINGTON, OR; GATEWAY RADIO WORKS, INC., Station WKYN, Facility ID 23345,...

  13. 78 FR 69086 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: CBS RADIO ANNAPOLIS LLC, Station WLZL, Facility ID 20983,...

  14. Native Radio Broadcasting in North America: An Overview of Systems in the United States and Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bruce L.; Brigham, Jerry C.

    1992-01-01

    Describes a study that examined the development of Native American (i.e., Indian, Inuit or Eskimo, and Aleut) radio broadcasting in Canada and the United States. Underlying cultural concerns are discussed, funding sources are explored, and further research is suggested. A directory of Native American radio stations in the United States is…

  15. Broadcasting-satellite and fixed-satellite service considerations after the 1979 World Administrative Radio Conference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akima, H.

    1981-04-01

    The revisions of World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC) of the inter-national radio regulations of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) including the international table of frequency allocations are reviewed. The revised Radio Regulations will govern internationally the use of the radiofrequency spectrum and the geostationary satellite orbit for the rest of this century. Restricting its scope to the topics related to the broadcasting satellite and fixed satellite services in ITU Region 2 are reported.

  16. Socio-Economic Aspects of National Communication Systems: II. Radio Broadcasting in Czechoslovakia. Communication and Society, 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunzlova, Alice; Slovak, Leopold

    The second in a series that examines the role of radio broadcasting in the process of socioeconomic and cultural change in three countries with different types of broadcasting organization--Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Venezuela--this volume focuses on Czechoslovakia. It deals with the cultural implications of broadcasting structures and their…

  17. Socio-Economic Aspects of National Communication Systems. I. Radio Broadcasting in Austria. Communication and Society, 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Signitzer, Benno; Luger, Kurt

    The first in a series that examines the role of radio broadcasting in the process of socioeconomic and cultural change in three countries with different types of broadcasting organization--Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Venezuela--this volume focuses on Austria. It deals with the cultural implications of broadcasting structures and their ownership…

  18. Radio Broadcasting; An Introduction to the Sound Medium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilliard, Robert L., Ed.

    Intended as a basic text for the student, teacher, or professional, this book covers several major aspects of broadcasting. The section on programming suggests ways to capture the audience desired by the station. Job functions of studio personnel are explored. Operating and studio facilities, including microphones, tape recorders, records,…

  19. Broadcasting Astronomy: The Stars Meet on the Radio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nobili, L.; Masiero, S.

    2010-06-01

    In this paper we describe our project Tutti Dentro — Le Stelle si incontrano in Radio (Come in everybody! — The Stars meet on the Radio), an Italian radio show about astronomy and space. The format involved celebrities, young astronomers and a network of 95 FM and web radio stations during the period July 2007 - January 2009. We will explore its structure, the language and the strategies adopted, along with the technical equipment and the software for recording sessions and editing. Finally we will describe the response from celebrities, radio stations and listeners. Our results could be a useful reference for those wishing to create similar radio programmes to deliver astronomy to a wider audience.

  20. 77 FR 66743 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crowell, Knox City, Quanah, and Rule, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crowell, Knox City, Quanah, and Rule, TX AGENCY... of Allotments by substituting Channel 293A for vacant Channel 291A at Knox City, Texas; Channel 288C2.... Channel 293A can be allotted to Knox City, Texas at reference coordinates 33-25-55 NL and 99-47-43 WL,...

  1. 76 FR 50732 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., LLC, Station KOMO-FM, Facility ID 51167, BMPH-20110630AGT, From OAKVILLE, WA, To BELFAIR,...

  2. 77 FR 33217 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  3. 75 FR 36393 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  4. 75 FR 74732 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., BPH-20101108AAZ, from Elizabethtown, NC, to Rennert, NC; Entravision Holdings, LLC, Station...

  5. 77 FR 18815 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  6. 75 FR 47596 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-06

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., BMPED- 20100707GWD, From SALIDA, CO, To SNOWMASS VILLAGE, CO; DELTA MEDIA CORPORATION, Station...

  7. 75 FR 20597 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-20

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., From RESERVE, NM, To CONCHO, AZ; DAILEY CORPORATION, Station WETZ-FM, Facility ID 18534,...

  8. 76 FR 7848 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License Correction In notice document 2011-2764 appearing on pages 6788-6789 in the issue of Tuesday, February 8, 2011,...

  9. 77 FR 4817 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  10. 75 FR 51812 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2010-20912] FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM.... SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: BRYAN... STATION, TX; CUMULUS LICENSING LLC, Station KNRQ-FM, Facility ID 12501, BMPH-20100805AKO, From...

  11. Sex and Broadcasting; A Handbook on Starting a Radio Station for the Community. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milam, Lorenzo W.

    "Broadcasting as it exists now in the United States is a pitiful, unmitigated whore." That ribald statement indicates the point-of-view and basic theme of this anti-establishment booklet designed to provide the basic information necessary for anyone or any group wanting to gain access to FM radio (primarily the educational broadcasting…

  12. 77 FR 57086 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License. AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: ALEXANDRA COMMUNICATIONS, INC., Station KRKZ- FM, Facility...

  13. 76 FR 9249 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Enfield, NH; Hartford, VT; Keeseville and Morrisonville, NY; White...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Enfield, NH; Hartford, VT; Keeseville and... reallotting FM Channel 231A to Morrisonville, New York, and reinstating the allotment of Channel 231A at... document also affirms the Report and Order in all other respects. Finally, the document modifies the...

  14. 78 FR 13670 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  15. 75 FR 63475 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., From CRAIGSVILLE, WV, To WEBSTER SPRINGS, WV; ENTRAVISION HOLDINGS, LLC, Station KVVA-FM, Facility...

  16. 78 FR 48625 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Centerville, Lovelady, Midway, and Oakwood, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Centerville, Lovelady, Midway, and Oakwood, Texas... Petition for Rule Making filed by Katherine Pyeatt by allotting alternate FM Channel 251A at Midway, Texas... filed counterproposal in an FM allotment proceeding may be amended to cure a conflict with a...

  17. 76 FR 6788 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-08

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License. AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM...-FM, Facility ID 32386, BPH-20101222ABO, From GREAT FALLS, MT, To HIGHWOOD, MT; THE MONTANA...

  18. Commercial Radio Broadcasts of Propaganda: An Activity for Teaching about World War II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chilcoat, George W.

    1983-01-01

    By using propaganda commercial radio broadcasts which occurred during the Second World War as the basis for classroom activities, teachers can help students capture the emotional drama of various topics of the war, as well as certain themes still applicable in contemporary society, and stimulate student curiosity about the past. (RM)

  19. Localism in Western European Radio Broadcasting: Untangling the Wireless.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCain, Thomas A.; Lowe, G. Ferrell

    1990-01-01

    Provides an overview of the local radio phenomenon in Western European countries. Examines opportunities for access, control, and economic realities for three types of local radio (national, independent, and community), each of which was influenced in some fashion by illegal pirate stations. (KEH)

  20. Radio Frequency Nonionizing Radiation in a Community Exposed to Radio and Television Broadcasting

    PubMed Central

    Burch, James B.; Clark, Maggie; Yost, Michael G.; Fitzpatrick, Cole T.E.; Bachand, Annette M.; Ramaprasad, Jaya; Reif, John S.

    2006-01-01

    Exposure to radio frequency (RF) nonionizing radiation from telecommunications is pervasive in modern society. Elevated disease risks have been observed in some populations exposed to radio and television transmissions, although findings are inconsistent. This study quantified RF exposures among 280 residents living near the broadcasting transmitters for Denver, Colorado. RF power densities outside and inside each residence were obtained, and a global positioning system (GPS) identified geographic coordinates and elevations. A viewshed model within a geographic information system (GIS) characterized the average distance and percentage of transmitters visible from each residence. Data were collected at the beginning and end of a 2.5-day period, and some measurements were repeated 8–29 months later. RF levels logged at 1-min intervals for 2.5 days varied considerably among some homes and were quite similar among others. The greatest differences appeared among homes within 1 km of the transmitters. Overall, there were no differences in mean residential RF levels compared over 2.5 days. However, after a 1- to 2-year follow-up, only 25% of exterior and 38% of interior RF measurements were unchanged. Increasing proximity, elevation, and line-of-sight visibility were each associated with elevated RF exposures. At average distances from > 1–3 km, exterior RF measurements were 13–30 times greater among homes that had > 50% of the transmitters visible compared with homes with ≤ 50% visibility at those distances. This study demonstrated that both spatial and temporal factors contribute to residential RF exposure and that GPS/GIS technologies can improve RF exposure assessment and reduce exposure misclassification. PMID:16451862

  1. Radio frequency nonionizing radiation in a community exposed to radio and television broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Burch, James B; Clark, Maggie; Yost, Michael G; Fitzpatrick, Cole T E; Bachand, Annette M; Ramaprasad, Jaya; Reif, John S

    2006-02-01

    Exposure to radio frequency (RF) nonionizing radiation from telecommunications is pervasive in modern society. Elevated disease risks have been observed in some populations exposed to radio and television transmissions, although findings are inconsistent. This study quantified RF exposures among 280 residents living near the broadcasting transmitters for Denver, Colorado. RF power densities outside and inside each residence were obtained, and a global positioning system (GPS) identified geographic coordinates and elevations. A view-shed model within a geographic information system (GIS) characterized the average distance and percentage of transmitters visible from each residence. Data were collected at the beginning and end of a 2.5-day period, and some measurements were repeated 8-29 months later. RF levels logged at 1-min intervals for 2.5 days varied considerably among some homes and were quite similar among others. The greatest differences appeared among homes within 1 km of the transmitters. Overall, there were no differences in mean residential RF levels compared over 2.5 days. However, after a 1- to 2-year follow-up, only 25% of exterior and 38% of interior RF measurements were unchanged. Increasing proximity, elevation, and line-of-sight visibility were each associated with elevated RF exposures. At average distances from > 1-3 km, exterior RF measurements were 13-30 times greater among homes that had > 50% of the transmitters visible compared with homes with < or = 50% visibility at those distances. This study demonstrated that both spatial and temporal factors contribute to residential RF exposure and that GPS/GIS technologies can improve RF exposure assessment and reduce exposure misclassification.

  2. Empirische Untersuchung zur Effektivitaet von Schulfunksendungen im Englischunterricht (Empirical Investigations of the Effectiveness of School Radio Broadcasting in Teaching English)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waas, Ludwig

    1977-01-01

    Reports on an experiment in school radio broadcasting, in 7th and 8th grade classes in a Munich school. Subsequent tests showed that the use of school broadcasting produced better results in the target area (learning and using polite formulas) than conventional instruction. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  3. Broadcast Services; Evolution of Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    The structure, history, technology and especially regulation of broadcasting in general are summarized in this Federal Communication Commission (FCC) information bulletin. Further specifics of history, technology, structure and regulation are presented for AM radio, FM radio, television, educational broadcasting, and broadcast relay by satellite.…

  4. Pancreatic cancer in broadcast (radio and radar) technicians

    SciTech Connect

    Zaret, M.M. )

    1990-02-26

    Increasingly, the authors have accumulated knowledge demonstrating the potential mutagenic action of nonionizing radiation in humans, from birth defects like Down's syndrome through cancers like leukemia; additionally, viable concepts of etiological mechanisms have been presented. This study adds a new category of mutagenesis, pancreatic cancer in radio and radar repairmen, and provides a rationale for understanding one of the theoretical biochemical pathways. This was achieved by analyzing the unique exposure factors in a small, but select, cluster of pancreatic cancer cases where the occupational history of repeated exposures to radiofrequency irradiation not only occurred, but also was documented to have been at harmful intensities by the additional medical finding of capsular cataract, here serving as a biological dosimeter.

  5. A Broadcast Channel Assignment Mechanism based on The Broadcast Tree for Multi-radio Multi-channel Wireless Mesh Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Yan; Zeng, Yingzhi

    2016-02-01

    This paper proposed a broadcast Channel Assignment Mechanism on base of optimized Broadcast Tree for wireless Mesh network (WMN), which is created by Branch and Bound Method. The simulations show that our algorithm not only reduces the broadcast redundancy but also avoids the potential channel interferences produced by unnecessary relay nodes.

  6. Direct broadcast satellite-radio market, legal, regulatory, and business considerations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sood, Des R.

    1991-01-01

    A Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) System offers the prospect of delivering high quality audio broadcasts to large audiences at costs lower than or comparable to those incurred using the current means of broadcasting. The maturation of mobile communications technologies, and advances in microelectronics and digital signal processing now make it possible to bring this technology to the marketplace. Heightened consumer interest in improved audio quality coupled with the technological and economic feasibility of meeting this demand via DBS-R make it opportune to start planning for implementation of DBS-R Systems. NASA-Lewis and the Voice of America as part of their on-going efforts to improve the quality of international audio broadcasts, have undertaken a number of tasks to more clearly define the technical, marketing, organizational, legal, and regulatory issues underlying implementation of DBS-R Systems. The results and an assessment is presented of the business considerations underlying the construction, launch, and operation of DBS-R Systems.

  7. 47 CFR 73.1206 - Broadcast of telephone conversations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 73.1206 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1206 Broadcast of telephone conversations. Before recording a telephone conversation for broadcast, or broadcasting such a...

  8. Broadcasting of sound radio programmes by satellite direct to portable and vehicle receivers - A proposal for Africa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaplin, J.; Fromm, H.-H.; Rosetti, C.

    1984-03-01

    It is pointed out that sound broadcasting by satellite directly to portable receivers would provide total national coverage and would require zero maintenance. The satellite technology is proven, and the additions necessary to the portable receiver will not add greatly to its cost and complexity. Satellites the size of the ESA L-Sat/Olympus could provide direct broadcast of sound radio at a cost similar to that of ground networks. Large satellites of this type could broadcast 20 channels or more; these could be shared by the various countries of a region. A table is included giving technical data of sound radio broadcasting coverage. The type of modulation is FM; the type of polarization is circular; the carrier deviation is + or - 75 kHz; and the noise bandwidth is 250 kHz.

  9. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite - Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) at 62 deg West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  10. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) satellite at 62 deg. West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  11. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite - Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) satellite at 62 deg West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  12. [Lights and shadows in the radio-television broadcasting on medical informations].

    PubMed

    Picardi, Nicola

    2006-01-01

    Some actual difficulties in the medical praxis, arising and growing in the social environment, and well known to the operating physicians and surgeons, should stimulate a careful analysis of the situation in search of the more likely causes and to draw the more suitable remedy. One of them certainly is the constant, and sometimes invading, presence of radio-television broadcasting in the all day life of everybody of more o less deepened programs inherent to themes of health. It is of the utmost importance to think over the topic, especially in order to evaluate the positive and negative aspects of the impact of radio and television media on the sensibility of the patients and in order to reflect on their reactions, and as a reflex on the professional behaviour of the physicians and surgeons, with all the lights and shadows.

  13. Direct broadcast satellite-radio: Portable and mobile reception trade-offs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1991-01-01

    There has been considerable international effort in the areas of system studies, system development, and regulatory work for a Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio (DBS-R). An important milestone will be the 1992 World Radio Administrative Conference (WARC 1992) consideration of frequency allocation in the 500 - 3000 MHz range for such a service. There is an interagency agreement between Voice of America and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for a coordinated program in DBS-R. This program includes seven tasks: systems tradeoff studies, propagation measurements, satellite experiment and demonstration, receiver development, market studies, regulatory studies, and WARC preparations. The findings of ongoing work under the first task, systems tradeoff studies, are discussed. Topics covered include digital bit rate and audio quality, propagation considerations and link margin estimates for portable reception, link margin estimates for mobile reception, coverage, and satellite size and cost estimates for a regional DBS-R coverage example.

  14. [A series of radio broadcasts of the French School Radio devoted to Pharmacy in 1966].

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, Thierry

    2015-03-01

    In December 1966, the French School Radio devoted three of its emissions to Pharmacy. Found in the archives of the National Center for Educational Documentation (CNDP), those short programs resumed life.

  15. Broadcasting in America; Second Edition. A Survey of Television and Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Head, Sydney W.

    The plan of this volume follows that of the first (1956) edition: a section on physical bases of broadcasting, one on the origin and growth of broadcasting, another on the economics of broadcasting, a fourth on the social control of broadcasting, and a final section for an assessment of the effects and influences of broadcasting. Special attention…

  16. 78 FR 73109 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK; Rule and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-05

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK... Commission amends the Table of FM Allotments by removing Channel 221C0 at Port Lions, Alaska; Channel 247C3... two or more FM auctions. No bids were entered for these allotments in Auction 94. It is...

  17. 78 FR 42036 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Port Lions, AK, De Beque, CO, Benjamin, Cisco, Rule, and Shamrock, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Port Lions, AK, De Beque, CO, Benjamin, Cisco, Rule...-held permits that have been offered in two FM auctions. No bids were entered for these allotments in the recently completed FM Auction 94 and these allotments are now considered unsold permits....

  18. 77 FR 42672 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and... allotments from the FM Table, because there were no bona fide expressions of interest filed to retain these... communities for new FM allotments or upgrades of existing stations. We conclude that the deletion of...

  19. Digital Radio Broadcasting using the mixed satellite/terrestrial approach: An application study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Paiement, Richard V.; Voyer, Rene; Prendergast, Doug

    1995-01-01

    Digital radio broadcasting (DRB) is a new service that offers CD quality stereo programs to fixed, portable and mobile receivers. Terrestrial DRB in Canada is considered as a replacement technology for existing AM and FM services, and it is expected to start up in 1996. Canada currently favors Eureka 147 technology operating in the L-band, in the 1452-1492 MHz frequency band allocated during WARC'92 for DRB. Terrestrial DRB delivery is appropriate for small to medium sized service areas, such as cities and their associated suburbs. For larger areas such as provinces, as well as for sparsely populated areas such as the regions in northern Canada, satellite delivery is more appropriate. The mixed approach is based on both satellite and terrestrial broadcasting services using a common frequency band. Spectrum efficiency is achieved through close coordination of both service types, to achieve proper frequency sharing and spectrum re-use. As well, use of a common transmission format by both types of services allows for a common receiver. This mixed satellite/terrestrial approach to DRB is being seriously considered in Canada and in other countries. This paper studies the feasibility of such a mixed satellite/terrestrial DRB system. It looks at possible coverage scenarios for Canada, and at the satellite and receiver technology requirements.

  20. "I Feel Good!" a weekly wellness radio broadcast for elementary school children.

    PubMed

    Morton, Jennifer L

    2008-04-01

    An ideal time to start health promotion education is during the elementary years. However, over the last several years, many elementary schools have eliminated formal health education from their curriculum, subsequently integrating health education components into existing classroom content. The "I Feel Good!" radio broadcast is an innovative health education program that meets the health education standards of the Maine Learning Results. Ten classrooms of students participated in this year-long academic program. Scores from a pretest administered prior to the beginning of the program were compared with posttest health knowledge scores at the end of the program. Data from all classrooms revealed an increase in posttest knowledge. Initiatives such as "I Feel Good!" serve as models for creative health education program development by school nurses.

  1. Radio broadcasting via satellite - Apportionment of frequencies and of the geostationary orbit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sauvet-Goichon, D.

    1984-02-01

    Recent actions of the ITU in regulating the use of the 12-GHz band for radio broadcasting are discussed. The three world regions of the planning scheme are defined, and the decisions of the 1977 WARC are examined. The distribution of frequencies and orbit positions in Region 1 (Europe, Siberia, and Africa) is described in detail and illustrated. In Region 2 (North and South America), an evolutive planning strategy was adopted, with apportionment delayed until an RARC in June, 1983. The proposals advanced by the U.S. (service zones with assigned orbital positions and blocks of frequencies) and by Canada (detailed, flexible assignment planning) at the Regional Planning Conference in 1982 are summarized.

  2. Magnetic fields of AM band radio broadcast signals at theRichmond Fiel d Station

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, Alex; Frangos, William

    1998-12-01

    Non-invasive sensing of the shallow subsurface is necessary for detection and delineation of buried hazardous wastes, monitoring of the condition of clay containment caps, and a variety of other purposes. Electromagnetic methods have proven to be effective in environmental site characterization where there is a need for increased resolution in subsurface characterization. Two considerations strongly suggest the use of frequencies between 100 kHz and 100 MHz for such applications: 1) the induction response of many targets is small due to small size, and 2) a need to determine both the electrical conductivity and dielectric permittivity which are related to chemistry and hydrology. Modeling and physical parameter studies confirm that measurements at frequencies between 1 and 100 MHz can resolve variations in subsurface conductivity and permittivity. To provide the necessary technology for shallow subsurface investigations, we propose to exploit the concept of electromagnetic impedance, the ratio of orthogonal horizontal electric and magnetic fields. Prior to assembling the equipment for measuring surface impedance using controlled, local source it was felt prudent to measure the surface impedance of geological materials at the University of California at Berkeley's Richmond Field (RFS) using ambient energy in the broadcast band. As a first step toward this intermediate goal, we have examined and characterized local AM band radio signals in terms of both signal strength and polarization of the magnetic component as received at RFS. In addition, we have established the viability of a commercial radio-frequency magnetic sensor.

  3. [Exposure to VHF and UHF electromagnetic fields among workers employed in radio and TV broadcast centers. I. Assessment of exposure].

    PubMed

    Zmyślony, M; Aniołczyk, H; Bortkiewicz, A

    2001-01-01

    Nowadays, radio and television have become one of the areas of the human technical activity that develops most rapidly. Also ultra-short waves of VHF (30-300 MHz) and UHF (0.3-3 GHz) bands have proved to be the most important carriers of radio and TV-programs. In Poland, a network of radio and TV broadcast centers (RTCN) with high (over 200 m) masts was set up in the 1960s and 1970s. These centers concentrate the majority of stations broadcasting national and local programs (for areas within the RTCN range). At present, the RTCN established several decades ago are equally important. The assessment of the exposure to electromagnetic fields among workers of multi-program broadcast stations is complicated and feasible only to a certain degree of approximation because of changing conditions of exposure in individual stations during their long history, resulting from the changing numbers and types of transmitters installed. In this work, the method of retrospective estimation of exposure dose is described, and the results of the assessment carried out at three kinds of typical RTCN are discussed. The results of the analysis indicate that the workers of RTCN are exposed primarily to electromagnetic fields of VHF and UHF bands, but this exposure may be considered as admissible, hence it should not exert an adverse effect on the workers' health.

  4. 47 CFR 73.1700 - Broadcast day.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Broadcast day. 73.1700 Section 73.1700 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1700 Broadcast day. The term broadcast day means...

  5. 47 CFR 73.1700 - Broadcast day.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Broadcast day. 73.1700 Section 73.1700 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1700 Broadcast day. The term broadcast day means...

  6. 47 CFR 73.1700 - Broadcast day.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcast day. 73.1700 Section 73.1700 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1700 Broadcast day. The term broadcast day means...

  7. 47 CFR 73.1700 - Broadcast day.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Broadcast day. 73.1700 Section 73.1700 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1700 Broadcast day. The term broadcast day means...

  8. 47 CFR 73.1700 - Broadcast day.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Broadcast day. 73.1700 Section 73.1700 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1700 Broadcast day. The term broadcast day means...

  9. Political Broadcasting on Public Radio and Television Stations: First Amendment Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muchnik, Melvyn M.

    The author discusses the legal and extra-legal restrictions placed on public broadcasting stations, with respect to dissemination of political information. Although public broadcasting systems presumably exist as an alternative medium free of the commercial and time pressures that commercial stations face, the author claims that restrictions on…

  10. Options in Education, Program No. 84, July 4, 1977. The Critics Revisited. Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    The document is a transcript of the radio program, "Options in Education," for the week of July 4, 1977. Broadcast by member stations of the National Public Radio System, the program is an electronic weekly magazine devoted to the coverage of news, features, policy, and people in the field of education. The issues highlighted in this…

  11. Using Language Broadcasts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Brian; Barley, Anthony

    1977-01-01

    Various ways to use foreign language radio broadcasts in comprehension practice, speaking practice, and written work are outlined. BBC and other broadcasts in several languages are listed and annotated as to age level and topics. (CHK)

  12. Robust Radio Broadcast Monitoring Using a Multi-Band Spectral Entropy Signature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camarena-Ibarrola, Antonio; Chávez, Edgar; Tellez, Eric Sadit

    Monitoring media broadcast content has deserved a lot of attention lately from both academy and industry due to the technical challenge involved and its economic importance (e.g. in advertising). The problem pose a unique challenge from the pattern recognition point of view because a very high recognition rate is needed under non ideal conditions. The problem consist in comparing a small audio sequence (the commercial ad) with a large audio stream (the broadcast) searching for matches.

  13. Overview of techniques for mitigation of fading and shadowing in the direct broadcast satellite radio environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bell, David; Gevargiz, John; Vaisnys, Arvydas; Julian, David

    1995-01-01

    The DBS radio propagation environment is divided into three sub-environments, indoor, rural-suburban mobile and urban mobile. Indoor propagation effects are in a large part determined by construction material. Non-metallic materials afford direct, albeit attenuated penetration of the satellite signal with a minimum of multipath signal scattering. Signal penetration into structures using significant metallic materials is often indirect, through openings such as doors and windows and propagation will involve significant multipath components. Even so, delay spread in many situations is on the order of 10's of nanoseconds resulting in relatively flat fading. Thus frequency diversity techniques such as Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) or equalization techniques do not realize their intended performance enhancement. Antenna diversity, directivity and placement are key mitigation techniques for the indoor environment. In the Rural-Suburban mobile environment with elevation angles greater than 20 deg, multipath components from the satellite signal are 15-20 dB below the line-of-sight signal level and often originate from nearby reflectors. Thus shadowing is the dominant signal impairment and fading effects are again found to be relatively flat for a large fading margin. Because receiver motion induces rapid variations in the signal level, temporal diversity techniques such as interleaving, channel coding and retransmission can be used to combat short intermittent fading events. Antenna diversity and directivity techniques are again useful in this environment. Finally, in the Urban mobile environment, slower vehicle speeds and blockage by buildings causes signal fades that are too long and too deep to combat with signal margin or time diversity. Land-based signal boosters are needed to fill in the coverage gaps of the satellite only broadcast scheme. On frequency boosters are suggested to conserve bandwidth yet these

  14. Compatibility of Band 2 broadcast transmissions at frequencies below 105 MHz with private mobile radio in the band 105-108 MHz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Millard, G. H.; Thoday, R. D. C.

    1986-08-01

    Consideration is given to the problems that may arise with the operation of Private Mobile Radio (PMR) receiving base-stations using the frequency band 105 to 108 MHz in proximity to broadcast transmitters in Band 2. The existing criteria for the protection of the Broadcasting Service from land mobile and the protection of PMR from broadcast transmitters are given. Measurements made to assess the characteristics of both broadcast transmitters and PMR base-station receivers provide results for the levels of transmitter sideband noise and spurious emissions, and for the susceptibility of the base-station receivers to adjacent-channel interference. These show that the existing ITU sharing criteria for broadcast and mobile services in closely-spaced frequency bands are necessary but are insufficient to permit co-ordinate planning of these services on a non-interference bases. Results show the importance of taking these factors into account when planning these services.

  15. 47 CFR 73.23 - AM broadcast station applications affected by international agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.23 AM broadcast station... applications that involve conflicts only with the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement (NARBA),...

  16. 47 CFR 73.4170 - Obscene broadcasts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obscene broadcasts. 73.4170 Section 73.4170 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4170 Obscene broadcasts. (a) See Miller v....

  17. 77 FR 2242 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg, and Williams, AZ...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 [MB Docket No. 08-85; RM-11427, RM-11517, RM-11518, RM-11519; DA 11- 2059] Radio... dismisses a Petition for Rule Making filed by Michael Cusinato proposing the allotment of FM Channel 287B1... Radio, Inc. (RM-11517) and Univision Radio License Corporation (RM-11518), which are mutually...

  18. 77 FR 2241 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg, and Williams, AZ...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ..., and Williams, AZ; and Application of Univision Radio License Corporation, KHOV-FM, Wickenburg, AZ... by Rocket Radio, Inc., proposes the allotment of FM Channel 287C2 at Williams, Arizona, as the... and hybrid application, filed by Univision Radio License Corporation, licensee of Station...

  19. A Resource Curriculum in Broadcast Media. Bulletin No. 8025.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herian, Roger; Moen, Mary

    A resource for teachers who design instructional programs in broadcast media, this curriculum guide consists of eight units which deal with the nature of broadcast media, broadcast programming and public interest, broadcast advertising, broadcast regulation, societal effects of broadcasting, broadcasting and future technology, radio broadcasting,…

  20. 78 FR 23565 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-19

    ... KGSF, Facility ID 92987, BPED-20130318AFZ, From GREEN FOREST, AR, To HUNTSVILLE, AR; CARROLL COUNTY..., To GREEN FOREST, AR; FOREVER BROADCASTING, LLC, Station WFGE, Facility ID 1057, BPH-20130325AJI, From... inspection and copying during normal business hours in the Commission's Reference Center, 445 12th Street...

  1. Bilingual Education. Options in Education: Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio. Program No. 98.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    Transcripts of weekly programs broadcast by National Public Radio on bilingual education are presented with Wendy Blair and John Merrow. Contents are as follows: (1) Introduction; (2) "History of Bilingual Education" by Noel Epstein; (3) "Passamaquoddy Language Instruction in Maine" with Wayne Newall, Robert Leavitt, and Anna…

  2. Case studies of pre-engineered and manufactured sound isolation rooms for music practice and radio broadcast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Probst, Ron N.; Rypka, Dann

    2005-09-01

    Pre-engineered and manufactured sound isolation rooms were developed to ensure guaranteed sound isolation while offering the unique ability to be disassembled and relocated without loss of acoustic performance. Case studies of pre-engineered sound isolation rooms used for music practice and various radio broadcast purposes are highlighted. Three prominent universities wrestle with the challenges of growth and expansion while responding to the specialized acoustic requirements of these spaces. Reduced state funding for universities requires close examination of all options while ensuring sound isolation requirements are achieved. Changing curriculum, renovation, and new construction make pre-engineered and manufactured rooms with guaranteed acoustical performance good investments now and for the future. An added benefit is the optional integration of active acoustics to provide simulations of other spaces or venues along with the benefit of sound isolation.

  3. Tune In, Drug Abuse News for Broadcasters About Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD. National Clearinghouse for Drug Abuse Information.

    This is a newsletter for broadcasters, describing drug abuse education campaigns and evaluating radio and television broadcast materials. It is distributed to approximately 5,600 radio and television stations through the cooperation of the National Association of Broadcasters, and is effected through the facilities of the Department of Health,…

  4. 75 FR 8070 - Closed Auction of Broadcast Construction Permits Scheduled for July 20, 2010; Auction 88...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    .... Music Ministries, Inc. Oxford Radio Inc. Peace Broadcasting Network Penn-Jersey Educational Radio Corp... Radio, Incorporated William S. Poorman Willtronics Broadcasting Co. Word Power, Inc. WTCM Radio, Inc. Yampa Valley Broadcasting Inc. Federal Communications Commission. William W. Huber, Associate...

  5. 47 CFR 73.128 - AM stereophonic broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false AM stereophonic broadcasting. 73.128 Section 73.128 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.128 AM stereophonic broadcasting. (a) An Am broadcast...

  6. Worldwide Marine Weather Broadcasts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of the Navy, Washington, DC.

    This publication is a source of marine weather broadcast information in all areas of the world where such service is provided. This publication was designed for the use of U.S. naval and merchant ships. Sections 1 through 4 contain details of radio telegraph, radio telephone, radio facsimile, and radio teleprinter transmissions, respectively. The…

  7. Improving the Capacity of Language Recognition Systems to Handle Rare Languages Using Radio Broadcast Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    the Phase 1 of the project, we have done experiments on Dari, English, French, Hindi , Korean, Mandarin, Spanish and Vietnamese languages, these...until there is a maximum 120 seconds of wide-band segment between them. 4Dari, English, French, Hindi , Korean, Mandarin, Spanish and Vietnamese 16 Table...2.2: Training data in hours after segmentation for each language. Language CallFriend Broadcast Dari/Farsi 21.2 6 English 39.8 6 French 21.5 6 Hindi

  8. The Special Broadcasting Service and Australia's Ethnic Broadcasting Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sklovsky, G.A.

    1979-01-01

    Broadcasting services for non-English speaking peoples in Australia are reviewed both for radio and television. Broadcasting criteria for ethnic groups, funding levels, and current facilities are discussed. (RAO)

  9. MSAT broadcast voice services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, John W.

    1995-01-01

    Later this year the MSAT satellite network will be delivering mobile and remote communications throughout North America. Its services include a family of Broadcast Voice Services, the first of which will be MSAT Dispatch Radio, which will extend the features and functionality of terrestrial Specialized Mobile Radio (SMR) to the entire continent. This paper describes the MSAT Broadcast Voice Services in general, and MSAT Dispatch Radio in particular, and provides examples of commercial and government applications.

  10. Student Attitudes to Radio. I.E.T. Papers on Broadcasting: Number 108.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Duncan H.

    This report describes a study conducted by the Audio-Visual Media Research Group of the Open University to investigate student attitudes, over time, to the value of radio as a course component. Results of a January 1979 survey using a questionnaire are reported with tables and analyzed according to (1) whether a student had access to a VHF radio…

  11. CULTURAL RADIO BROADCASTS, SOME EXPERIENCES. REPORTS AND PAPERS ON MASS COMMUNICATION, NO. 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    CULTURAL RADIO PROGRAM DIRECTORS AND PRODUCERS DESCRIBE THE CULTURAL, ARTISTIC, SCIENTIFIC, EDUCATIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMS AVAILABLE IN THEIR COUNTRIES, EXPLAINING THE VARIOUS ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORKS, THE LISTENING PATTERNS AND TASTES OF THEIR PEOPLE, AND THE PROBLEMS THEY HAVE ENCOUNTERED. THESE INCLUDE PROBLEMS OF MULTIPLE LANGUAGES,…

  12. 47 CFR 74.501 - Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    .... 74.501 Section 74.501 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Aural... transmitter of a broadcasting station other than an international broadcasting station. (b) Aural...

  13. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  14. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  15. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  16. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  17. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  18. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast radio stations using IBOC must transmit at least one over-the-air digital...

  19. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast radio stations using IBOC must transmit at least one over-the-air digital...

  20. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast radio stations using IBOC must transmit at least one over-the-air digital...

  1. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast radio stations using IBOC must transmit at least one over-the-air digital...

  2. Public Broadcasting: A Status Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Record, 1981

    1981-01-01

    A potent education force recounts its growth and development amid fiscal and administrative uncertainty. Data identify funding sources for radio and television and illustrate the growth of radio and television broadcasting. The report indicates that 94 percent of all public television stations broadcast some instructional/educational programs.…

  3. Poor Reception for Broadcast Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlisle, Robert D. B.

    1976-01-01

    Noting reports of 17,251 college juniors and seniors majoring in radio-television broadcasting and only 141,500 employees now working in the field, the author discusses the causes and implications including the value of the radio-TV degree and the cost of broadcast education. (JT)

  4. Broadcast Services. Information Bulletin No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    Radio and television broadcasting is authorized and regulated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Following a brief description of the development of broadcasting, broadcast regulations, and the Commission, this report examines various aspects of the subject pertaining to the fairness doctrine, political broadcasting, advertising, sale…

  5. Live from Westminster: Broadcasting the British Parliament.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Peter Hardiman

    1978-01-01

    Describes live radio broadcasting from the chambers of the British Parliament. After 55 years of campaigning by broadcasters and Members of Parliament, and following experimental broadcasting by the BBC and Independent Local Radio, service was installed in April 1978. Initial experimentation, current procedures, and implications for television…

  6. Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields from broadcast transmitters and risk of childhood cancer: a census-based cohort study.

    PubMed

    Hauri, Dimitri D; Spycher, Ben; Huss, Anke; Zimmermann, Frank; Grotzer, Michael; von der Weid, Nicolas; Spoerri, Adrian; Kuehni, Claudia E; Röösli, Martin

    2014-04-01

    We investigated the association between exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) from broadcast transmitters and childhood cancer. First, we conducted a time-to-event analysis including children under age 16 years living in Switzerland on December 5, 2000. Follow-up lasted until December 31, 2008. Second, all children living in Switzerland for some time between 1985 and 2008 were included in an incidence density cohort. RF-EMF exposure from broadcast transmitters was modeled. Based on 997 cancer cases, adjusted hazard ratios in the time-to-event analysis for the highest exposure category (>0.2 V/m) as compared with the reference category (<0.05 V/m) were 1.03 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.74, 1.43) for all cancers, 0.55 (95% CI: 0.26, 1.19) for childhood leukemia, and 1.68 (95% CI: 0.98, 2.91) for childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Results of the incidence density analysis, based on 4,246 cancer cases, were similar for all types of cancer and leukemia but did not indicate a CNS tumor risk (incidence rate ratio = 1.03, 95% CI: 0.73, 1.46). This large census-based cohort study did not suggest an association between predicted RF-EMF exposure from broadcasting and childhood leukemia. Results for CNS tumors were less consistent, but the most comprehensive analysis did not suggest an association.

  7. 47 CFR 73.24 - Broadcast facilities; showing required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Broadcast facilities; showing required. 73.24... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.24 Broadcast facilities; showing required. An authorization for a new AM broadcast station or increase in facilities of an existing station will be...

  8. 47 CFR 73.624 - Digital television broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Digital television broadcast stations. 73.624... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73.624 Digital television broadcast stations. (a) Digital television (“DTV”) broadcast stations are assigned channels 6 MHz wide....

  9. 47 CFR 73.624 - Digital television broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Digital television broadcast stations. 73.624... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73.624 Digital television broadcast stations. (a) Digital television (“DTV”) broadcast stations are assigned channels 6 MHz wide....

  10. 47 CFR 73.624 - Digital television broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Digital television broadcast stations. 73.624... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73.624 Digital television broadcast stations. (a) Digital television (“DTV”) broadcast stations are assigned channels 6 MHz wide....

  11. Broadcasting Stations of the World; Part II. Amplitude Modulation Broadcasting Stations According to Frequency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This second part of "Broadcasting Stations of the World", which lists all reported radio broadcasting and television stations with the exception of those in the United States which broadcast on domestic channels, covers amplitude modulation broadcasting stations according to frequency in ascending order. Information included covers call letters,…

  12. Broadcasting Stations of the World; Part III. Frequency Modulation Broadcasting Stations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This third part of "Broadcasting Stations of the World", which lists all reported radio broadcasting and television stations, with the exception of those in the United States which broadcast on domestic channels, covers frequency modulation broadcasting stations. It contains two sections: one indexed alphabetically by country and city, and the…

  13. Broadcasting Stations of the World; Part I. Amplitude Modulation Broadcasting Stations According to Country and City.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This first part of "Broadcasting Stations of the World", which lists all reported radio broadcasting and television stations, with the exception of those in the United States which broadcast on domestic channels, covers amplitude modulation broadcasting stations. Information is indexed alphabetically by country and city. Within a city, stations…

  14. Broadcasting: Does It Belong in the Department of Speech? Traditional Concepts in Speech and Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Robert J.

    Educational institutions were among the pioneers in the development of radio broadcasting. By 1938, over 300 colleges reported offering at least one course in radio. In more recent times the surveys compiled by Harold Niven for the "Journal of Broadcasting" show a continued interest in broadcasting courses. The trend is toward Communications or…

  15. An evaluation of exposure metrics in an epidemiologic study on radio and television broadcast transmitters and the risk of childhood leukemia.

    PubMed

    Schmiedel, Sven; Brüggemeyer, Hauke; Philipp, Johannes; Wendler, Jost; Merzenich, Hiltrud; Schüz, Joachim

    2009-02-01

    Electric field strength values calculated by wave propagation modeling were applied as an exposure metric in a case-control study conducted in Germany to investigate a possible association between radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) emitted from television and radio broadcast transmitters and the risk of childhood leukemia. To validate this approach it was examined at 850 measurement sites whether calculated RF-EMF are an improvement to an exposure proxy based on distance from the place of residence to a transmitter. Further, the agreement between measured and calculated RF-EMF was explored. For dichotomization at the 90% quantiles of the exposure distributions it was found that distance agreed less with measured RF-EMF (Kappa coefficient: 0.55) than did calculated RF-EMF (Kappa coefficient: 0.74). Distance was a good exposure proxy for a single transmitter only which uses the frequency bands of amplitude modulated radio, whereas it appeared to be of limited informative value in studies involving several transmitters, particularly if these are operating in different frequency bands. The analysis of the agreement between calculated RF-EMF and measured RF-EMF showed a sensitivity of 76.6% and a specificity of 97.4%, leading to an exposure misclassification that still allows one to detect a true odds ratio as low as 1.4 with a statistical power of >80% at a two-sided significance level of 5% in a study with 2,000 cases and 6,000 controls. Thus, calculated RF-EMF is confirmed to be an appropriate exposure metric in large-scale epidemiological studies on broadcast transmitters.

  16. Health Education by Open Broadcast.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ICIT Report, 1976

    1976-01-01

    This issue focuses on uses and techniques of radio for educational purposes in developing nations. Two health education projects are described which are utilizing open broadcasting to attract a mass audience of listeners not committed to a structured radio education program. Kenya's Swahili language radio serial, "Giving Birth and Caring for your…

  17. Options in Education. Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio. Program #92-#96. Portrait of American Adolescence, Part 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Public Radio, Washington, DC.

    These five booklets present the program transcripts of a weekly series broadcast by member stations of National Public Radio. A wide variety of participants express their views on various aspects of the adolescent experience. Kenneth Keniston, Urie Bronfenbrenner and Margaret Mead are among those participating as well as teenagers themselves. The…

  18. Broadcasting in an On-Demand World Creating Community Radio in the Era of Podcasting and Webcasting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Baoill, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    This project examines the impact that internet-based distribution technologies, in particular webcasting and podcasting, are having on the community radio sector in the United States. Through interviews with sector participants, the impact of this changing technological environment on the role of community radio is identified. Internet-based…

  19. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels. The FM broadcast band consists of that portion of the radio frequency spectrum between 88 MHz and... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast...

  20. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels. The FM broadcast band consists of that portion of the radio frequency spectrum between 88 MHz and... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast...

  1. Some Publishing Opportunities in Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellmore, R. Terry

    This compilation of broadcast journals and periodicals is a result of a questionnaire survey which attempted to determine the extent and nature of articles published by journals or periodicals which relate to radio and television broadcasting. The 109 responses, as well as the 19 returned by the post office and the 27 non-responses are listed by…

  2. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801...

  3. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801...

  4. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801...

  5. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801 Broadcast....201Numerical definition of FM broadcast channels. Section 73.220Restrictions on use of channels. Section 73... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station...

  6. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801 Broadcast....201Numerical definition of FM broadcast channels. Section 73.220Restrictions on use of channels. Section 73... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station...

  7. 47 CFR 74.1204 - Protection of FM broadcast, FM Translator and LP100 stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... translator or an FM booster station that is 53 or 54 channels removed from an FM radio broadcast station will... radio broadcast station equivalents. FM radio broadcast station equivalents will be determined in... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection of FM broadcast, FM Translator...

  8. 47 CFR 74.1204 - Protection of FM broadcast, FM Translator and LP100 stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... translator or an FM booster station that is 53 or 54 channels removed from an FM radio broadcast station will... radio broadcast station equivalents. FM radio broadcast station equivalents will be determined in... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection of FM broadcast, FM Translator...

  9. Computers in Public Broadcasting: Who, What, Where.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yousuf, M. Osman

    This handbook offers guidance to public broadcasting managers on computer acquisition and development activities. Based on a 1981 survey of planned and current computer uses conducted by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) Information Clearinghouse, computer systems in public radio and television broadcasting stations are listed by…

  10. Southeast Asian Broadcasting: The Emergence of Thailand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anatol, Karl W.; Bittner, John R.

    The historical development and evolution of broadcasting in Thailand, from its beginning in 1919, is narrated. Governmental control of broadcasting is discussed briefly, and the development of Southeast Asia's first television station, Thai Television Channel 4, is also surveyed. Today, radio broadcasting in Thailand utilizes A.M., F.M., and F.M.…

  11. Radio and Television in Literacy. A Survey of the Use of the Broadcasting Media in Combating Illiteracy among Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maddison, John

    Information obtained in a survey of the uses of radio and television in connection with literacy work in 40 countries of the world is presented. Much of the information consists of replies to Unesco questionnaires on the subject. The countries surveyed were: Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Ethiopia, Gabon,…

  12. Broadcasting and Government; Responsibilities and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emery, Walter B.

    The role of governmental agencies in the control of wire and radio communication, especially broadcasting, is explained. A major portion of the book concerns the broadcast spectrum, its character and utility for communications, and the technical rules which govern the allocation of radio frequencies and their use by various classes of stations,…

  13. Broadcasting Development and Research in Kenya.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coldevin, G. O.

    1980-01-01

    Describes the development and use of educational broadcasting, notably radio, in Kenya since its independence. Published and unpublished reports, a 1978 survey, numerous interviews with educational radio and television officials, mass media seminars, and field visits to schools and broadcast facilities are used to analyze the major projects. (CHC)

  14. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  15. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  16. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  17. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  18. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  19. VHF Interferometry System for Detecting Anomalous Propagation of FM Radio Broadcasting Wave Related to Earthquake and its Preliminary Result

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohno, Nozomi; Tone, Yuka; Hattori, Katsumi; Yamamoto, Isao; Shimakura, Shin; Takano, Toshiaki

    Earthquake-related anomalous electromagnetic phenomena have been reported in various frequency ranges in a few decades. Investigation on the anomalous propagation of VHF transmitter waves is one of promising approaches on the short-term prediction and crustal activity monitoring. The anomalous propagation is considered to be generated by disturbances of the atmosphere above the epicenter or along the propagation path prior to large earthquakes. Consequently, over-horizontal propagation has been received. A recent study shows that the appearance of anomalies was significantly enhanced within 5 days before earthquakes with M ≥ 4.8. However, there is no information on the scattered place, that is, the direction of wave arrival. Therefore, a simple interferometer system for VHF radio wave to identify the position between space-time of earthquake-related atmospheric disturbances has been developed and installed at Chiba University. In this paper, we will show you the developed interferometer system and results of fundamental tests to evaluate the performance of developed and installed interferometer at Chiba. In addition, facts on invisible propagation of VHF radio wave obtained from 1-year continuous measurement at Chiba are described in this paper. Those are possible radio duct propagations and possible earthquake-related anomalous propagations.

  20. Case Studies in Broadcast Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Howard W.

    This collection of case studies, based on factual situations which have challenged broadcast managers in recent years, is designed to stimulate thinking about and solving of "real world" problems in commercial radio and television operations. Topics of a serious, long-run nature include enlarging the radio audience; station revenue and economy;…

  1. Daily hay fever forecast in the Netherlands. Radio broadcasting of the expected influence of the weather or subjective complaints of hay fever sufferers.

    PubMed

    Spieksma, F T

    1980-10-01

    The literature on local pollen counts and their significance for hay fever is reviewed and a system for forecasting hay fever is described. Such forecasts have been broadcast by radio in The Netherlands since 1977. The hay fever forecast takes the form of a prognosis (in terms of three grades) of the influence of the expected whether situation on tomorrow's course of the subjective complaints of hay fever sufferers. It is not a forecast of the pollen count. When the subjective complaints of about 150 hay fever patients were used as reference for evaluation, the forecasts proved to have been correct in 72, 85, and 88% of the cases in 1977, 1978, and 1979, respectively. The practical usefulness and the limitations of the system are briefly discussed, with emphasis on the principle that not the local pollen count but the weather should be taken as the main determinative factor for the expected subjective experiences in a group of hay fever sufferers in a certain region.

  2. A Comparison of Four Western Russian-Language Broadcasters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliver, James H.

    1977-01-01

    Content analysis of broadcasts by Voice of America, Radio Liberty, the British Broadcasting Corporation, and Deutche Welle to the Soviet Union revealed differences in political environments and purposes of sponsoring nations. (KS)

  3. 47 CFR 73.871 - Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.871 Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) New and major change applications may be amended without... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amendment of LPFM broadcast...

  4. 47 CFR 73.870 - Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.870 Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) A minor change for an LP100 station authorized under this... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Processing of LPFM broadcast...

  5. 47 CFR 73.871 - Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.871 Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) New and major change applications may be amended without... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Amendment of LPFM broadcast...

  6. 47 CFR 73.870 - Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.870 Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) A minor change for an LPFM station authorized under this... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Processing of LPFM broadcast...

  7. 47 CFR 73.870 - Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.870 Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) A minor change for an LPFM station authorized under this... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Processing of LPFM broadcast...

  8. 47 CFR 73.870 - Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.870 Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) A minor change for an LP100 station authorized under this... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Processing of LPFM broadcast...

  9. 47 CFR 73.871 - Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.871 Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) New and major change applications may be amended without... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Amendment of LPFM broadcast...

  10. 47 CFR 73.870 - Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.870 Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) A minor change for an LP100 station authorized under this... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Processing of LPFM broadcast...

  11. 47 CFR 73.871 - Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.871 Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) New and major change applications may be amended without... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Amendment of LPFM broadcast...

  12. 47 CFR 73.871 - Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.871 Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications. (a) New and major change applications may be amended without... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Amendment of LPFM broadcast...

  13. 47 CFR 73.9001 - Redistribution control of digital television broadcasts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Redistribution control of digital television broadcasts. 73.9001 Section 73.9001 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control §...

  14. 47 CFR 73.6016 - Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6016 Section 73.6016 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6016...

  15. 47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... television stations. 73.6026 Section 73.6026 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations. The following rules are applicable to Class...

  16. 47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... television stations. 73.6026 Section 73.6026 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations. The following rules are applicable to Class...

  17. 47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... television stations. 73.6026 Section 73.6026 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations. The following rules are applicable to Class...

  18. 47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... television stations. 73.6026 Section 73.6026 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations. The following rules are applicable to Class...

  19. 47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... television stations. 73.6026 Section 73.6026 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations. The following rules are applicable to Class...

  20. 47 CFR 73.6016 - Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Digital Class A TV station protection of TV...) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6016 Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations. Digital Class A TV stations must...

  1. 47 CFR 73.6016 - Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Digital Class A TV station protection of TV...) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6016 Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations. Digital Class A TV stations must...

  2. 47 CFR 73.6016 - Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Digital Class A TV station protection of TV...) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6016 Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations. Digital Class A TV stations must...

  3. 47 CFR 73.6016 - Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Digital Class A TV station protection of TV...) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6016 Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations. Digital Class A TV stations must...

  4. Absence of chronic effect of exposure to short-wave radio broadcast signal on salivary melatonin concentrations in dairy cattle.

    PubMed

    Stärk, K D; Krebs, T; Altpeter, E; Manz, B; Griot, C; Abelin, T

    1997-05-01

    A pilot study was conducted to investigate the influence of electromagnetic fields in the short-wave range (3-30 MHz) radio transmitter signals on salivary melatonin concentration in dairy cattle. The hypothesis to be tested was whether EMF exposure would lower salivary melatonin concentrations, and whether removal of the EMF source would be followed by higher concentration levels. For this pilot study, a controlled intervention trial was designed. Two commercial dairy herds at two farms were compared, one located at a distance of 500 m (exposed), the other at a distance of 4,000 m (unexposed) from the transmitter. At each farm, five cows were monitored with respect to their salivary melatonin concentrations over a period of ten consecutive days. Saliva samples were collected at two-hour intervals during the dark phase of the night. As an additional intervention, the short-wave transmitter was switched off during three of the ten days (off phase). The samples were analyzed using a radioimmunoassay. The average nightly field strength readings were 21-fold greater on the exposed farm (1.59 mA/m) than on the control farm (0.076 mA/m). The mean values of the two initial nights did not show a statistically significant difference between exposed and unexposed cows. Therefore, a chronic melatonin reduction effect seemed unlikely. However, on the first night of re-exposure after the transmitter had been off for three days, the difference in salivary melatonin concentration between the two farms (3.89 pg/ml, CI: 2.04, 7.41) was statistically significant, indicating a two- to seven-fold increase of melatonin concentration. Thus, a delayed acute effect of EMF on melatonin concentration cannot completely be excluded. However, results should be interpreted with caution and further trials are required in order to confirm the results.

  5. Digital audio and video broadcasting by satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshino, Takehiko

    In parallel with the progress of the practical use of satellite broadcasting and Hi-Vision or high-definition television technologies, research activities are also in progress to replace the conventional analog broadcasting services with a digital version. What we call 'digitalization' is not a mere technical matter but an important subject which will help promote multichannel or multimedia applications and, accordingly, can change the old concept of mass media, such as television or radio. NHK Science and Technical Research Laboratories has promoted studies of digital bandwidth compression, transmission, and application techniques. The following topics are covered: the trend of digital broadcasting; features of Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB); compression encoding and transmission; transmission bit rate in 12 GHz band; number of digital TV transmission channels; multichannel pulse code modulation (PCM) audio broadcasting system via communication satellite; digital Hi-Vision broadcasting; and development of digital audio broadcasting (DAB) for mobile reception in Japan.

  6. Making Waves: Pirate Radio and Popular Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Steve

    The history of pirate radio--radio broadcasts offered by unlicensed broadcasters as alternatives to licensed, commercial radio programming--is difficult to trace, both in America and the United Kingdom (UK) since mention of pirate broadcasts of a less-then-thrilling nature are rarely found. Also, until 1927, the U.S. government did not formally…

  7. Changing Public Interest Values in Broadcast Deregulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virts, Paul H.

    Because the Federal Communication Commission's (FCC) decision to deregulate commercial radio has created great controversy over what constitutes "public interest" in broadcast deregulation, this paper provides a brief historical analysis of the bases for defining the public interest standard in broadcast regulation and examines the use…

  8. National Policies towards Broadcasting in Tanzania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samwilu-Mwaffisi, M.

    The main thesis of this paper, which uses Tanzania's broadcasting system--Radio Tanzania Dar Es Salaam (RTD)--as a case study, is that media systems reflect the political and economic systems of the nation within which they operate subject to certain constraints. This discussion includes: (1) the history of the country's broadcasting policy before…

  9. Status Report of Public Broadcasting, 1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, S. Young

    The third in a series of reports since 1973, this overview of the growth of public broadcasting includes finance, public radio and television programming, national interconnection and instructional services, audience, and employment. It details the current status and major trends in the respective areas of public broadcasting in order to provide a…

  10. Augmenting the DGPS Broadcast with Emergency Information

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    integrity of the GPS . This communications system works by digitally modulating radio signals broadcast from a network of marine radio beacons...occupies minimal bandwidth relative to the bit rate. The U.S. Coast Guard has pioneered the use of MSK modulation for sending GPS correction...Augmenting the DGPS Broadcast with Emergency Information Richard J. Hartnett, Peter F. Swaszek, and Keith C. Gross ABSTRACT Differential GPS , or DGPS

  11. Broadcasting Stations of the World; Part IV. Television Stations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This fourth part of "Broadcasting Stations of the World", which lists all reported radio broadcasting and television stations, with the exception of those in the United States which broadcast on domestic channels, covers television stations. Two sections are provided: one indexed alphabetically by country and city, and the other indexed by…

  12. 47 CFR 74.102 - Uses of experimental broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Uses of experimental broadcast stations. 74.102 Section 74.102 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... and advancement of new broadcast technology, equipment, systems or services which are more...

  13. 47 CFR 15.117 - TV broadcast receivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false TV broadcast receivers. 15.117 Section 15.117 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Unintentional Radiators § 15.117 TV broadcast receivers. (a) All TV broadcast receivers shipped in interstate commerce or...

  14. 47 CFR 15.117 - TV broadcast receivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false TV broadcast receivers. 15.117 Section 15.117 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Unintentional Radiators § 15.117 TV broadcast receivers. (a) All TV broadcast receivers shipped in interstate commerce or...

  15. 47 CFR 15.117 - TV broadcast receivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false TV broadcast receivers. 15.117 Section 15.117 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Unintentional Radiators § 15.117 TV broadcast receivers. (a) All TV broadcast receivers shipped in interstate commerce or...

  16. 47 CFR 15.117 - TV broadcast receivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false TV broadcast receivers. 15.117 Section 15.117 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Unintentional Radiators § 15.117 TV broadcast receivers. (a) All TV broadcast receivers shipped in interstate commerce or...

  17. 47 CFR 15.117 - TV broadcast receivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false TV broadcast receivers. 15.117 Section 15.117 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Unintentional Radiators § 15.117 TV broadcast receivers. (a) All TV broadcast receivers shipped in interstate commerce or...

  18. 47 CFR 74.21 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 74.21 Section 74.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... Applicable to All Services in Part 74 § 74.21 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency...

  19. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  20. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  1. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  2. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  3. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  4. Broadcasts for Schools: The Under-Used Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shorrocks, Alec

    1980-01-01

    Notes common problems in using audiovisual aids in the classroom but points out that television and radio are undervalued and underused educational resources. Discusses British Broadcasting Corporation television and radio programs that would be valuable in teaching English. (GT)

  5. Rehabilitation Broadcasts for Rural Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mental Health Centre, Peshawar (Pakistan).

    The document presents a series of 14 scripts focusing on families with disabled children, written in English for radio broadcast in translation to rural village areas in Pakistan. Intended to educate the public concerning disabilities and how families can help their handicapped children participate as fully as possible in community life, the…

  6. Emergency Broadcast System Based On GIS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Junfeng, Kang; Baoyu, Wang; Xueying, Jiang; Xiaosheng, Liu

    2017-02-01

    Nowadays, disaster occurs more and more frequently, which brings huge losses to the society. Presented a GIS based emergency broadcast system (GIS-EBS), to provide rapid, accurate information to the public, can reduce the people’s losses maximum. Different from the traditional radio data system (RDS), by adding broadcasting terminal control instruction on the FM signal, GIS-EBS extended the RDS protocol, which can control each radio terminal’s state. And through the extended RDS protocol, GIS-EBS can broadcast and release the emergency information to the right place and the people most in need in the shortest time.

  7. Direct/community broadcast projects using space satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frutkin, A. W.

    1975-01-01

    A review is presented of direct/community broadcast projects which are currently in preparation in India, Canada, and Japan. It is shown that the satellite broadcast experiments involved are conducted for practical domestic reasons. The broadcast activities in all three projects will not reach other countries' TV receivers unless those countries take deliberate steps to enable themselves to receive such broadcasts. It is pointed out that for technological reasons problems of intrusion and interference connected with the use of satellites in broadcast operations may be much easier to handle than similar problems related to conventional radio broadcasting.

  8. Broadcast Stylebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Press International, New York, NY.

    This booklet deals with the unique problem of writing and preparing news for the electronic media where it will be presented orally. The contents of this monograph include "The United Press International Broadcast Newswire,""The United Press International Audio Network,""Broadcast…

  9. Radios in the Classroom: Curriculum Integration and Communication Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ninno, Anton

    2000-01-01

    Describes radio applications for education and summarizes radio activities for elementary and secondary school classrooms. Discusses teaching the history of radio communications; AM-FM radio; international shortwave broadcasts; NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) weather service broadcasts; scanner radios; and amateur radios.…

  10. Broadcast Operator Handbook. Radiotelephone 3rd Class Operators' Permit. Broadcast Endorsement. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1976

    Intended to serve as a practical study guide for those applicants interested in obtaining the Radiotelephone Third Class Operator Permit with the endorsement to operate broadcast radio stations, this manual is also designed to be helpful as a concise reference for those operators already active in the field of broadcasting. Chapters 1 and 2 are…

  11. 47 CFR 73.21 - Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.21 Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations. (a) Clear channel. A clear channel is one on which stations are assigned to serve wide...

  12. 47 CFR 73.21 - Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.21 Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations. (a) Clear channel. A clear channel is one on which stations are assigned to serve wide...

  13. 47 CFR 73.21 - Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.21 Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations. (a) Clear channel. A clear channel is one on which stations are assigned to serve wide...

  14. 47 CFR 73.3580 - Local public notice of filing of broadcast applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... announcement, except that statements indicating there is a public inspection file at the station containing the... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Local public notice of filing of broadcast... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.3580...

  15. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  16. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  17. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  18. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  19. 47 CFR 74.1205 - Protection of channel 6 TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES FM Broadcast Translator Stations and FM Broadcast Booster Stations § 74.1205 Protection of channel... permits for new or modified facilities for a noncommercial educational FM translator station on...

  20. 47 CFR 74.1205 - Protection of channel 6 TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES FM Broadcast Translator Stations and FM Broadcast Booster Stations § 74.1205 Protection of channel... permits for new or modified facilities for a noncommercial educational FM translator station on...

  1. ABibliography of Doctoral Dissertations in Television and Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparks, Kenneth R., Comp.

    The third edition of this bibliography of doctoral dissertations in television and radio lists over 900 titles reported through June of 1970. The dissertations have been grouped into categories such as commercial broadcasting; educational broadcasting; broadcasting and government; broadcasting, politics, and controversial issues; broadcasting as…

  2. Radio Programme Production; A Manual For Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspinall, Richard

    This manual for training broadcast personnel covers the following topics: a brief discussion of the history and nature of radio broadcasting, technical facilities of the broadcasting studio, production of various types of radio programs, and staff development and training. The section on production deals with producing and writing for the…

  3. Teaching Mass Communication: Into the Industry: The Student as Broadcasting Consultant

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balon, Robert E.

    1978-01-01

    Describes an undergraduate applied media research course which emphasizes student broadcaster contacts prior to graduation to familiarize students with 'real-life' broadcast functions in a commercial radio station. (MH)

  4. 47 CFR 74.690 - Transition of the 1990-2025 MHz band from the Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies. 74.690 Section 74.690 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST... of the 1990-2025 MHz band from the Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies. (a)...

  5. Satellite sound broadcasting system, portable reception

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser; Vaisnys, Arvydas

    1990-01-01

    Studies are underway at JPL in the emerging area of Satellite Sound Broadcast Service (SSBS) for direct reception by low cost portable, semi portable, mobile and fixed radio receivers. This paper addresses the portable reception of digital broadcasting of monophonic audio with source material band limited to 5 KHz (source audio comparable to commercial AM broadcasting). The proposed system provides transmission robustness, uniformity of performance over the coverage area and excellent frequency reuse. Propagation problems associated with indoor portable reception are considered in detail and innovative antenna concepts are suggested to mitigate these problems. It is shown that, with the marriage of proper technologies a single medium power satellite can provide substantial direct satellite audio broadcast capability to CONUS in UHF or L Bands, for high quality portable indoor reception by low cost radio receivers.

  6. Broadcast satellite service: The international dimension

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Samara, Noah

    1991-01-01

    The dawn of the 1990's has witnessed the birth of a new satellite service - satellite sound broadcasting. This new service is characterized by digital transmission at data rates up to 256 kb/s from satellites in geostationary orbit to small, low-cost, mobile and portable receivers. The satellite sound broadcasting service is a logical step beyond navigation satellite service, such as that provided by the GPS Navstar system. The mass market appeal of satellite sound broadcasting in the area of lightsat technology and low-cost digital radios has greatly facilitated the financing of this type of space service.

  7. The Radio Phenomenon in Italy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faenza, Roberto

    One in a series of studies of experiments in new audiovisual techniques in Europe and the situations in some member countries, this paper traces the development of radio in Italy. Opposing views about radio broadcasting (public monopoly vs. freedom of broadcasting) are examined, and the various political and legal aspects of communications in…

  8. Nutrition broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Hyland, K M

    1980-02-01

    The use of radio by the dietitians of the Whittington Hospital and their guest speakers to advise and educate hospital patients on varying aspects of human nutrition, reaching a much larger section of the local population than they could in their usual work, is described.

  9. Instructional Radio: So Good but So Neglected.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forsythe, Richard O.

    1979-01-01

    Issues related to the use of radio broadcasting for instructional purposes (such as two-way radio network conferences among doctors) and effectiveness, cost factors, and policy decisions within broadcasting are explored. Suggestions for implementing an instructional program on a school radio station are presented. (PHR)

  10. Options in Education: Program No. 88. Sex and Sexism in Education, Part II. Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Public Radio, Washington, DC.

    This booklet is a transcription of a program from the radio series, "Options in Education." It is part 2 of a two-part series dealing with sexism in education. It deals with sex discrimination in various aspects of public education, including textbooks, teacher promotion, sports programs and children's literature. There is also a…

  11. Comparison of Two History Instruction Methods: Radio Broadcasting and Visual Aids Versus Individualized Instruction with Audio-Visual Aids. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banister, Richard E.

    Two American history courses taught by different multimedia methods were compared. Each course was semi-automated in order to free the instructor's time for question and answer periods. One experimental group of junior college students took the course using FM radio, an illustrated syllabus, and student response sheets. Another group took the same…

  12. Adult Radio: A Community Service and Continuing Education Project through Broadcast Utilization (Title 1 of the Higher Education Act of 1965). Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morehead State Univ., KY.

    During the period July 1, 1968-July 15, 1969, WMKY-FM, the student radio station at Morehead State University, undertook a research project under the financing of Title I of the Higher Education Act of 1965 to provide special programming for the senior citizens within their listening area and evaluate the response to their programs. First, the…

  13. Testing & Research, Part I. Options in Education: Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio. Program No. 78.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    Several program transcripts on educational testing from the National Public Radio series, Options in Education, are included in this pamphlet. In "The I.Q. Controversy," Ned Block discusses culturally biased standardized tests. Dr. Harold Hodgkinson, former Director of the National Institute of Education, and Noel Epstein, Education Editor of the…

  14. Worldwide Educational Broadcasting: Diversity and Challenge in a New Era.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

    1991-01-01

    This paper analyzes the state of the world's educational broadcasting community following the rapid changes in the 1980s. The future prospects of educational television and radio broadcasting are discussed based on a summary of the Worldwide Survey of 48 foreign countries which was conducted in 1989, and a review of the presentations given by…

  15. Agricultural Market News Programming of Wisconsin Broadcast Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Douglas K.

    Seventy-seven percent of Wisconsin's AM stations, 57 percent of FM stations, and 38 percent of television stations broadcast agricultural market news. Most stations devote less than 30 minutes daily to the market reports, which are usually broadcast twice daily, five days a week. Radio market reports are in the early morning and noon hour periods,…

  16. Telling a Good Story: Origins of Broadcast Drama Criticism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Kay D.

    To gain insight into how critical standards for broadcast drama evolved with time, this paper examines the critical response to the development of broadcast drama in the first two decades of radio (1920-1940), as reported in the periodical press. The paper is based on two underlying assumptions: (1) that the stories a society tells are indicative…

  17. School Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: An Exploratory History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crook, David

    2007-01-01

    In the United Kingdom, television for schools is 50 years old in 2007. The anniversary provides a reason to undertake an exploratory history of school broadcasting, an area that has received very little attention from historians of British education. The first part of this article examines the origins of school radio broadcasting, focusing…

  18. A Three-nation Comparative Analysis of Broadcast Curricula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Seok; Wolfe, Arnold S.; Kang, Jong G.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the radio-television, or broadcast, curricula of colleges and universities in the United States, Britain, and Korea in order to discover how these curricula are configured and how they resemble and differ from one another. Attempts to trace the philosophical roots, history, and status of broadcast education in the three nations.…

  19. Beyond LEGOs: Building Blocks of Broadcast Studios in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sconyers, AllyeB G.; Mayol, Matthew R.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the typical spaces found in a school communications department, such as a classroom/laboratory, and offline production, online production, and radio and TV broadcast studios. Briefly describes design requirements for such spaces. (EV)

  20. Farm broadcasters call for regional network.

    PubMed

    1989-03-01

    The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) laid the groundwork for a 5 day symposium on farm broadcasting in Bangkok in November 1988. ESCAP Executive Secretary S.A.M.S. Kibria discussed in his statement the idea of a regional rural broadcasting network for Asia and the Pacific. Several other pertinent points stated the following: Government funding was needed to support rural broadcasting; special funding and attention needs to be devoted to disadvantaged groups and marginal farmers; broadcasting should play a more significant role in South Pacific islands where it would not educate but also bring the people together. It was suggested that a proposed training manual for basic radio operation be printed in the local languages. Since 1980, there have 14 seminar-training programs held throughout Asia and the Pacific. Workshops open dialogue on ways to coordinate government support and rural interests in radio programming. As well, rural broadcasters learn how to sharpen their skills and keep audiences interested. Correctly implemented and adequately funded, agricultural broadcast programs could improve the lives of millions in the Pacific and Asia.

  1. Memo to All Young People Interested in Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    Unlicensed radio operation may interfere with regular broadcast reception and radio communication for safety services. In this bulletin, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) advises teenagers not to violate the law, but to pursue their interest in radio broadcast by joining the Amateur Radio Service or qualifying for a commercial permit.…

  2. Educational Broadcasts of NHK. Special Issue of NHK Today and Tomorrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japan Broadcasting Co., Tokyo

    An overview of the full range of educational broadcasts offered by Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK) is presented. Nippon Hoso Kyokai, which translates to English as Japan Broadcasting Company, is the only public service broadcasting organization in Japan; it operates two AM radio networks, one FM network, and two television networks and is completely…

  3. Frequency planning issues for direct broadcasting satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reinhart, E. E.

    In 1963, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) defined the 'broadcasting satellite service' (BSS), taking into account the possibility of broadcasting directly from satellites to low-cost receiving terminals at individual homes or to more costly terminals at community centers. A World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC) was held in 1977 to carry out planning for the BSS band near 12 GHz. However, the countries of Region 2 (the Americas and Greenland) decided to postpone international BSS planning to a Regional Administrative Radio Conference (RARC) which was held in 1983. Meanwhile, in 1980, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) began to develop domestic policies and procedures for the BSS. These policies and procedures were published in 1982. The present paper is concerned with the Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) frequency planning issues, taking into account the agreements and decisions made by WARC-77, RARC-83, and the FCC.

  4. Broadcast Journalism; An Introduction to News Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Mark W.

    The important features of writing news for radio and television are covered in this book. Ways to write colorful, accurate, and timely stories are explained with the emphasis on the differences between broadcast and newspaper stories. Other subjects treated are sources of news (including explanations of how the Associated Press copy works and how…

  5. Broadcasting Student Internships: Put Them in Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ware, P. Dale

    A written broadcasting internship contract has proved to serve the best interests of the intern, the school, and the radio or television station. Among other things, such a contract can specify the commitments of the intern and the advisors, the hours and times of station work, the academic credit to be earned, and the learning experiences to be…

  6. Third Class Broadcast Operator Permit Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    The study guide contains reference material necessary for the applicant preparing to take the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) examination for a Radiotelephone Third Class Operator Permit with the endorsement to operate certain AM and FM broadcast radio stations. To obtain a permit, the applicant must successfully complete examination…

  7. How To Apply For a Broadcast Station.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    Procedures for receiving permission from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for authority to construct a radio or television broadcast station are outlined. Instructions for selecting a facility, applying for a construction permit, and giving local notice of intentions are included, along with sections on the hearing procedure,…

  8. World Radio and TV Handbook. A Complete Directory of International Radio and Television. Twenty-Seventh Edition. 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frost, J. M., Ed.

    This handbook provides detailed information about broadcasting and international broadcasting organization. It lists Esperanto programs, English language news programs from foreign countries, religious broadcasting organizations, and gives hints to improve broadcast reception. The main entry section gives a detailed description of radio stations…

  9. 78 FR 69629 - Revitalization of the AM Radio Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-20

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Revitalization of the AM Radio Service AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... broadcast radio service, and to ease regulatory burdens on existing AM broadcasters. The Commission also solicits further comments and suggestions designed to foster the revitalization of the AM broadcast...

  10. 78 FR 70499 - An Inquiry Into the Commission's Policies and Rules Regarding AM Radio Service Directional...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-26

    ... AM Radio Service Directional Antenna Performance Verification AGENCY: Federal Communications... Broadcast Station Antenna Patterns * * * * * Federal Communications Commission. Marlene H. Dortch,...

  11. Broadcasting in Mexico.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Noriega, Luis Antonio; Leach, Frances

    This monograph traces the growth of Mexico's broadcasting services against the background of that country's geographical, cultural, demographic, economic, and political structures. Specific areas dealt with within the six chapters of the monograph are: (1) the national environment for broadcasting; (2) the advent and development of broadcasting in…

  12. Theme Issue: European Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howkins, John, Ed.

    1977-01-01

    In this document separate articles deal with the following topics: recommendations for future British broadcasting policies that recently were proposed to the British Parliament by the Committee on the Future of Broadcasting; specific media goals set by the Swedish Committee on Broadcasting; communications policy making in Austria; a new…

  13. Educational Radio: Directions in the Pacific.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reddy, Sachida

    1986-01-01

    This personal perspective on developments in educational radio broadcasting in some small island nations of the South Pacific discusses radio as a powerful teaching aid, curriculum development, educational communicators, printed support materials, costs, facilities duplication, and future trends. (MBR)

  14. 47 CFR 73.1208 - Broadcast of taped, filmed, or recorded material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the public. For television stations, the announcement may be made visually or aurally. (b) Taped, filmed, or recorded announcements which are of a commercial, promotional or public service nature need... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1208...

  15. 47 CFR 73.1208 - Broadcast of taped, filmed, or recorded material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the public. For television stations, the announcement may be made visually or aurally. (b) Taped, filmed, or recorded announcements which are of a commercial, promotional or public service nature need... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1208...

  16. Writing On Air: Television, Radio, and the Classroom (Symposium).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Travis E.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Argues that students' writing can usefully be published in the form of broadcasting through radio and television. Provides the responses of four practicing English teachers who explain how they have succeeded in having students prepare written materials for broadcast. (HB)

  17. Educative Activities of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the National Film Board of Canada. New Technologies in Canadian Education Series. Paper 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swan, Susan

    The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) is Canada's publicly-owned broadcast network that provides programming to both English and French national television and AM/FM radio networks. While the CBC was not designed to fill a formal education role in Canada, it does broadcast informative radio and television programs on a complete range of…

  18. The Status of Broadcast Education in Institutions of Higher Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmore, Garland C.

    1983-01-01

    Surveyed different departments that offer undergraduate degrees in radio-television-film. Compared (1) philosophies; (2) semester hours offered and required in radio-television-film; (3) faculty qualifications; (4) dollars invested in equipment and training facilities; and (5) student enrollment degree data. Departments included broadcasting,…

  19. Workplace Training at SBS Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simons, Lynette

    2001-01-01

    Notes that at Australia's Special Broadcasting Services Radio, workplace training is an essential requirement for on-air staff but a degree in journalism or communications is an enormous advantage. Describes several in-house accredited competency-based modules in journalism and broadcasting. (RS)

  20. Incorporating the Campus Radio Station into Your Emergency Communications Plan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Thomas C.

    2008-01-01

    Radio stations have been a mainstay of American life since the 1920s. Broadcasting primarily over AM and FM frequencies, American radio stations have been used to provide entertainment, news, weather, and advertising to the public. Beginning in 1963 and continuing until 1997, local radio stations were part of the Emergency Broadcast System (EBS)…

  1. Policies for regulation of direct broadcast satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Setzer, F. O.; Franca, B. A.; Cornell, N. W.

    1980-09-01

    The potential market for satellite to home television broadcasting was examined and recommendations were made to the FCC concerning appropriate regulatory policies for direct broadcast satellites (DBS) for the period following the 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference (RARC). It is concluded that many substitutes for DBS will be available in the market for subscription video programming. Either conventional broadcast regulation, which assumes scarcity of channels, nor common carrier regulation, which assumes monopoly power will be appropriate. The report recommends several functions the Commission should perform because of its spectrum allocation responsibilities, but recommends that the Commission make no rules concerning compatibility, signal quality, ownership of receiving equipment, program content, prices, service offerings, or control of channels.

  2. National Workplace Literacy Program. Garment-Related Bilingual (English and Chinese) Broadcast Lessons. Book 1 and 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Ha Yin

    A compilation of transcripts of 100 bilingual English/Chinese broadcast lessons for workers in the garment industry is presented. The lessons are part of the New York Chinatown Manpower Project's Workplace Literacy Program. With the support of the Sino Radio Broadcast Corporation, the lessons are broadcast daily in the morning and again after the…

  3. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to...

  4. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to...

  5. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to...

  6. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to...

  7. Satellite broadcasting - Capabilities for public service

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marsten, R. B.

    1975-01-01

    Satellite broadcast services to support health-care and educational transmissions must work with small, low-cost terminals in allocated radio-frequency bands. The ATS-6 spacecraft has successfully demonstrated such capability in the bands of non-technical users. It supports interactive television broadcasting to simple, low-cost terminals in a nationwide series of experiments in the delivery of health-care and educational services. ATS-6 achieves this capability with a very large antenna and moderate transmitter power. The coverage limitations inherent in this approach will be overcome by the joint U.S.-Canadian Communications Technology Satellite to be launched in December 1975. The CTS will demonstrate broadcast capability with new, high-power technology in a newly-allocated radio-frequency band. This will make it possible to use smaller antennas, greatly enlarging the area coverage available to the many nontechnical experimenters using CTS for their own needs. A practical application of these technologies is now in development for operational broadcasting services in Japan.

  8. Milestones in Broadcasting: Antennas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Media in Education and Development, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Briefly describes the development of antennas in the prebroadcast era (elevated antenna, selectivity to prevent interference between stations, birth of diplex, directional properties, support structures), as well as technological developments used in long-, medium-, and short-wave broadcasting, VHF/FM and television broadcasting, and satellite…

  9. German Broadcasting Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Richard J.

    1978-01-01

    Describes the Federal Republic of Germany's broadcast system, which is divided into nine regional broadcast stations. User sponsored on a non-voluntary basis, the two TV networks, ARD and Z DF, provide competition for one another while supplementing the third channel's educational programming. (RAO)

  10. 1972 Broadcasting Yearbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broadcasting Publications, Inc., Washington, DC.

    The 1972 broadcasting yearbook provides complete information about the broadcast industry. An opening section offers a television (TV) directory, various TV statistics, such as demographics, distributions, sales, and rankings, which can be used for market strategies, and other useful information for those involved in communications. A section on…

  11. The Complete Broadcaster

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeiss, Anthony

    1974-01-01

    A broadcast technology program at Vincennes University is described in terms of its growth in the last ten years, how its curriculum has developed, its new and improved facilities, and its employment opportunities. In the past four years this junior college program has had over 180 broadcast majors. (DS)

  12. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  13. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  14. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  15. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  16. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  17. Short-Wave Radio: An Aid to Language Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lutcavage, Charles P.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses use of short-wave radio broadcasts as method for expanding students' appreciation of practical advantages of language learning. Suggests use of news broadcasts and gives guidelines for using broadcasts such as level of aural comprehension in class. (Author/BK)

  18. Children's Stories through the Air: Librarian-Broadcasters, 1922-1941

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Cindy C.

    2012-01-01

    Children's librarians were active radio broadcasters as early as 1922, when American commercial radio was just beginning. As they utilized the new technology of radio to promote reading, literature and outreach, they transferred techniques and materials already familiar from their work in neighborhood libraries. This article documents children's…

  19. Children, Radio and Television--Now and in the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Von Feilitzen, Cecilia; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Describes aspects of television and radio broadcasting in Sweden. Particular attention is given to children's programs, children's viewing patterns, the influence of TV on children, and how to improve the quality of radio and television programs. (Author/SS)

  20. Allocations by the 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heyward, Ann O.

    1992-01-01

    An overview of the 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference is presented with viewgraphs. Allocations of radio frequency spectrum are addressed. Mobile satellite service, broadcast satellite service, and uplink power control beacons are also addressed.

  1. Professional data broadcasting: The new wave in pan-European information services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castell, Stephen

    1989-05-01

    The background to and principles of data broadcasting are described. A review of customer usage of BBC Datacast in the U.K. is presented. Future developments are discussed, including the expansion of data broadcasting activities onto other transmission media including radio, cable and satellite channels, and the introduction of hybrid applications involving the interface of data broadcasting with traditional PTO and value-added networks. The European and international implications are reviewed together with a commentary on regulatory and legal considerations.

  2. Global Broadcast Service (GBS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    as to be unusable by smaller and more mobile units. To this end, GBS currently uses broadcast payloads on two Ultra-High Frequency Follow-On ( UFO ...operational on UFO satellites 8, 9, 10. - Full Satellite Broadcast Manager capability. - Field 20% of JPO Receive Suites (19 units). - Personnel training...capabilities. - Augment UFO GBS with leased commercial satellite services to cover gaps over CONUS. - Demonstrate smart push and user pull capability

  3. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  4. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  5. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  6. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  7. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  8. The Right Not to Hear as a Rationale for Broadcast Regulation: A Review and an Appraisal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glasser, Theodore L.; Jassem, Harvey C.

    "FCC v. Pacifica Foundation," a 1978 case involving a radio broadcast considered to be indecent, was the first United States Supreme Court litigation using the right of privacy, or the right not to hear, as a rationale for broadcast regulation of programing. The issue of pornography best illustrates the judiciary's understanding of the…

  9. Oral Interpretation and Broadcasting at Individual Events Tournaments: An Interdisciplinary Tournament Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Harold L.

    Since the American Forensic Association has sanctioned recording individual events competition, it might be in the interest of competition to combine oral interpretation and radio/television broadcast competition into simultaneous competition. Voice development is a goal shared by oral interpretation and broadcasting, so oral interpretation…

  10. The Effects of Cross-Cultural Broadcasting. A Study Prepared for UNESCO.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contreras, Eduardo; And Others

    The Institute for Communication Research at Stanford University collected and synthesized existing data on cross-cultural broadcasting throughout the world. In their report, details are provided about four types of effects resulting from cross-cultural broadcasting: (1) cultural effects with emphasis on the trend of research in radio, television,…

  11. 78 FR 67025 - Domestic Requests for Broadcasting Board of Governors Program Materials

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... Broadcasting, Foreign relations, News media, Public affairs, Radio, Recordings, Smith-Mundt, Television... America Office of Public Relations for broadcast- quality copies of Voice of America program materials... established procedures for the BBG to respond to domestic requests from members of the public,...

  12. Politics and Radio in the 1924 Campaign.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkman, Dave

    1987-01-01

    Discusses the relation between radio broadcasting and politics in the 1924 presidential campaign, focusing on newspaper and magazine coverage. Notes radio's influence on candidate image, the aspect of censorship, and the use of radio during the campaign and after the election. (MM)

  13. Choosing Equipment and Setting Policies in Radio and Television Labs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Mary Strom

    To assist broadcast educators who frequently find themselves short on information when they make arguments for equipment purchases or advocate policies for radio or television labs, a survey was conducted of educators at 278 schools with broadcast programs. Replies were received from 108 educators in radio programs and 112 in television programs.…

  14. Satellite sound broadcasting system study: Mobile considerations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1990-01-01

    Discussed here is the mobile reception part of a study to investigate a satellite sound broadcast system in the UHF or L bands. Existing propagation and reception measurements are used with proper interpretation to evaluate the signaling, coding, and diversity alternatives suitable for the system. Signal attenuation in streets shadowed by buildings appear to be around 29 db, considerably higher than the 10 db adopted by CCIR. With the marriage of proper technologies, an LMSS class satellite can provide substantial direct satellite audio broadcast capability in UHF or L bands for high quality mobile and portable indoor reception by low cost radio receivers. This scheme requires terrestrial repeaters for satisfactory mobile reception in urban areas. A specialized bandwidth efficient spread spectrum signalling technique is particularly suitable for the terrestrial repeaters.

  15. Radio and Television in the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, James E., Ed.

    1966-01-01

    The articles, in this issue, by more than 40 authors, are divided into five parts: the first two parts provide an historical perspective of radio and television (both commercial and educational) and a basis for judging the impact of broadcasting on society; the third part concerns the teaching of broadcasting in the school and the uses of radio…

  16. Direct Broadcast Satellites: An Interview with Hartford Gunn.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library Hi Tech, 1984

    1984-01-01

    In this interview with Hartford Gunn, Vice-President of Program Development for Satellite Television Corporation (STC), the concept of direct broadcast by satellite (DBS) is explored. Allocation of radio frequencies, services provided by DBS network, home installation and purchase of dish antenna, and comparison of DBS with cable television are…

  17. Sharing between the broadcasting-satellites and other services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gould, R. G.

    The broadcasting-satellite service shares its frequency allocations with other space and terrestrial radiocommunication services. This paper describes these sharing situations; the resulting possibilities for interference; and lists the applicable ITU radio regulations or relevant CCIR reports that set forth sharing criteria or interference limits.

  18. Humor as a Presentational Device in Broadcast Public Service Announcements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, D. J.

    On a daily basis, American television and radio audiences are subjected to a stream of broadcast Public Service Announcements (PSAs), each promoting "some kind of social or economic action deemed beneficial" (Stridsberg, 1977). Often, these announcements employ humor as a presentational device to help stimulate the behavioral change…

  19. Dual Audio TV Instruction: A Mass Broadcast Simulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borton, Terry; And Others

    Intended as a method of increasing children's learning from commercial television by providing supplementary educational commentary on a simultaneous radio broadcast, this study was designed to explore the potential of dual audio instruction as a mass educational system by determining the medium's practicality, the rate of voluntary usage, the…

  20. 77 FR 73461 - Commission Seeks Comment on Broadcast Ownership Report

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ... concerning ownership of commercial television, radio, Class A television, and low-power television stations... the Media Bureau's recently released report on the ownership of commercial broadcast stations, which provides detailed information by race, ethnicity, and gender concerning ownership of commercial...

  1. Corporation for Public Broadcasting: Mission and Goals, Tasks and Responsibilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    This brochure contains two statements adopted by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), one outlining the Corporation's mission and goals, and the other outlining its tasks and responsibilities. The mission of the CPB is to take the lead in developing a uniquely American non-commercial public radio and television system that will inform,…

  2. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... programming stream at no direct charge to listeners. In addition, a broadcast radio station must simulcast its analog audio programming on one of its digital audio programming streams. The DAB audio programming... analog programming service currently provided to listeners. (b) Emergency information. The...

  3. Campaign Policies, Broadcasters, and the Presidential Election of 1924.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benjamin, Louise M.

    The policies initiated by broadcasters for campaign coverage during the 1924 presidential election influenced the treatment of political candidates on the air and helped set the stage for inclusion of the equal opportunities clause in the Radio Act of 1927. AT&T, RCA, and General Electric formed policies to treat candidates fairly in…

  4. Legal Problems in Broadcasting: Identification and Analysis of Selected Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toohey, Daniel W.; And Others

    This book is designed as an introduction and reference to broadcast law for commercial and noncommercial station managers and staff, college students of radio and television, and general readers. It is divided into two sections, "Freedom of Expression and Related Issues" and "Business Aspects of Programming." The first section contains seven…

  5. Radio coverage statistics.

    PubMed

    Lynn, W

    1984-01-01

    The Clearinghouse on Development Communication surveyed 135 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, North and South America, for U.S.A.I.D., to determine the number of radio and television broadcast stations and receivers. Some of the data were obtained from the World Factbook, the World Radio and TV Handbook, and the World Radio and T.V. Facts and Figures, from 1979 to 1981. In those countries where stations are privately owned, audience surveys are often available. In 2 out of 3 developing countries, however, stations are government owned, and no such information is available. Numbers of receivers can sometimes be ascertained from receiver license applications. There is a need for more complete information on broadcast demographics, listening and viewing patterns by the community of world development program personnel.

  6. Some Aspects of Educational Broadcasting in Sweden. A Report of a One-Week Study Visit. IET Papers on Broadcasting No. 94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, A. W.

    This report on the organization, development, and dissemination of educational and commercial radio and television programs by the Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company includes some of the research being done at the Open University. A planned reorganization of Sveriges Radio into two separate television channels and several channels for local…

  7. Generalized no-broadcasting theorem.

    PubMed

    Barnum, Howard; Barrett, Jonathan; Leifer, Matthew; Wilce, Alexander

    2007-12-14

    We prove a generalized version of the no-broadcasting theorem, applicable to essentially any nonclassical finite-dimensional probabilistic model satisfying a no-signaling criterion, including ones with "superquantum" correlations. A strengthened version of the quantum no-broadcasting theorem follows, and its proof is significantly simpler than existing proofs of the no-broadcasting theorem.

  8. Direct Broadcasting Satellites in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maeda, Jiro

    The development and use of broadcasting satellites in Japan are discussed in this paper. The paper describes the medium-scale experimental broadcasting satellite, YURI, launched by NASA in 1978, and reports that experiments with YURI in the areas of basic technologies in the broadcasting satellite system, experiments on satellite control…

  9. Generalized No-Broadcasting Theorem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barnum, Howard; Barrett, Jonathan; Leifer, Matthew; Wilce, Alexander

    2007-12-01

    We prove a generalized version of the no-broadcasting theorem, applicable to essentially any nonclassical finite-dimensional probabilistic model satisfying a no-signaling criterion, including ones with “superquantum” correlations. A strengthened version of the quantum no-broadcasting theorem follows, and its proof is significantly simpler than existing proofs of the no-broadcasting theorem.

  10. A Profile of Independent Local Radio (Commercial Radio in Great Britain).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sidel, M. Kent

    Commercial and noncommercial radio in the United States and Great Britain have followed opposite paths of development. Unlike the United States, where commercial radio was the historical cornerstone of the broadcasting system, the Independent Local Radio (ILR) of Britain is the newcomer into an environment heavy with the heritage of the…

  11. The FCC and Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    This report outlines the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) regulatory authority over the licensing and operation of commercial, educational, and public broadcasting in the United States. Also described are rules and regulations governing the program content and advertising, in relation to the fairness doctrine, free speech, and public…

  12. Racial Justice in Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Church of Christ, New York, NY.

    In response to allegations of blacks that broadcasting stations, especially in the South, discriminate against their interests, the Office of Communications of the United Church of Christ undertook a two-year project (1968-70) to combat discriminatory practices. The project attacked two widespread practices: non-employment or under-employment of…

  13. Obstacles to broadcasting for national integration in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Amienyi, O P

    1989-01-01

    In Nigeria, the media is the major government vehicle to achieve national integration. The problems arise from the approximately 250 ethnic groups speaking many languages. Television and radio have caused disintegration by emphasizing alienation and polarization rather than unity. With more than 178 languages there are major problems for radio and television. The government leaders have promoted a strong interest in creating a unified society through broadcasting, but at the same time have allowed media managers to operate towards goals of ethnic protection. Religion is also a factor that hinders broadcasting for national unity, since there are Hausa and Muslim in the north, Catholic in the south-east, and in the south-west there are many African ethnic religions. More than 60% of the local programming on television is keyed to local religious subjects. Illiteracy is also a problem in the use of broadcasting in the goal of national integration. Only through education of a socially conscious people can the religious fanaticism, ethnocentrism, and tribalism be overcome to form a united nation. Broadcasting can play an important role consistent with the needs of society as a whole. Managers in broadcasting must be well educated, well trained and understand the needs and ambitions of society. They need to support these needs and ambitions, and be constructively critical when necessary for the betterment of society.

  14. Broadcast media and the dissemination of weather information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Byrnes, J.

    1973-01-01

    Although television is the public's most preferred source of weather information, it fails to provide weather reports to those groups who seek the information early in the day and during the day. The result is that many people most often use radio as a source of information, yet preferring the medium of television. The public actively seeks weather information from both radio and TV stations, usually seeking information on current conditions and short range forecasts. forecasts. Nearly all broadcast stations surveyed were eager to air severe weather bulletins quickly and often. Interest in Nowcasting was high among radio and TV broadcasters, with a significant portion indicating a willingness to pay something for the service. However, interest among TV stations in increasing the number of daily reports was small.

  15. Can broadcasting make a difference?

    PubMed

    Lozare, B V

    1989-01-01

    Communication has untapped potential as a catalyst for community power in developing countries. Greater clarity is needed, however, on the channels of communication that will best integrate the contributions of diverse private and public agencies to meeting development needs. Also needed is a greater emphasis on strategic rather than technical aspects of communication. Most studies of communication have focused on the individual radio listener or television viewer, thereby ignoring the influence of broader forces. A concern for psychological determinants of decision making has led to a neglect of systemic factors. Another major error has been the failure to design longitudinal studies, or at least to collect information at 2 points in time. All of these observations point to a need to study power (economic, political, and social) as a crucial variable in understanding development. Moreover, there is a need for more attention to the role and impact of broadcasting on conflict management--an approach that requires abandoning traditional consensus models of communication. Yet another problem has been blind acceptance of the assumption that development communication and development support communication are unitary concepts that are universally applicable in all countries, all social and cultural contexts, and all development conditions. This unitary approach leads to the false conclusion that there is a grand model of development, and all communication personnel have to do is to see how radio and television fit into this conceptual framework. Finally, there has been a failure to appreciate fully the magnitude of poverty. If true development (defined as the capability of a people to go from where they are to where they want to be) is to occur, these strategic issues must be given serious attention.

  16. The Radio Language Arts Project: adapting the radio mathematics model.

    PubMed

    Christensen, P R

    1985-01-01

    Kenya's Radio Language Arts Project, directed by the Academy for Educational Development in cooperation with the Kenya Institute of Education in 1980-85, sought to teach English to rural school children in grades 1-3 through use of an intensive, radio-based instructional system. Daily 1/2 hour lessons are broadcast throughout the school year and supported by teachers and print materials. The project further was aimed at testing the feasibility of adaptation of the successful Nicaraguan Radio Math Project to a new subject area. Difficulties were encountered in articulating a language curriculum with the precision required for a media-based instructional system. Also a challenge was defining the acceptable regional standard for pronunciation and grammar; British English was finally selected. An important modification of the Radio Math model concerned the role of the teacher. While Radio Math sought to reduce the teacher's responsibilities during the broadcast, Radio Language Arts teachers played an important instructional role during the English lesson broadcasts by providing translation and checks on work. Evaluations of the Radio language Arts Project suggest significant gains in speaking, listening, and reading skills as well as high levels of satisfaction on the part of parents and teachers.

  17. Reliable broadcast protocols

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joseph, T. A.; Birman, Kenneth P.

    1989-01-01

    A number of broadcast protocols that are reliable subject to a variety of ordering and delivery guarantees are considered. Developing applications that are distributed over a number of sites and/or must tolerate the failures of some of them becomes a considerably simpler task when such protocols are available for communication. Without such protocols the kinds of distributed applications that can reasonably be built will have a very limited scope. As the trend towards distribution and decentralization continues, it will not be surprising if reliable broadcast protocols have the same role in distributed operating systems of the future that message passing mechanisms have in the operating systems of today. On the other hand, the problems of engineering such a system remain large. For example, deciding which protocol is the most appropriate to use in a certain situation or how to balance the latency-communication-storage costs is not an easy question.

  18. Pipelines and Dead Ends: Jobs Held by Minorities and Women in Broadcast News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Vernon A.

    Because of the problem of lack of progress by minorities and women in the newsrooms of television and radio stations, a survey investigated the types of positions held by minority and non-minority men and women in broadcast news. Subjects, 730 news directors from non-satellite commercial TV stations and commercial radio stations, answered…

  19. Cross-band broadcasting

    DOEpatents

    Bynum, Leo; Gramann, Mark R.; Bacon, Larry D.

    2015-06-23

    A radio communications device has a modulator that modulates each of a number of different carrier signals with the same message. A combiner combines the modulated carrier signals into a single combined output signal. A radio transmitter receives the single combined output signal and in response simultaneously transmits the modulated carrier signals over the air. Other embodiments are also described.

  20. The International Telecommunication Union and broadcasting from satellites - A brief review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siocos, C. A.

    1985-01-01

    The International Telecommunication Convention, revised by ITU plenipotentiary conferences, represents a treaty-like agreement. The organs of the ITU which affect directly the broadcasting-satellite service (BSS) are, mainly, the administrative radio conferences, the International Frequency Registration Board (IFRB), and the International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR). ITU administrative radio conferences and the BSS are considered along with the role of the IFRB, the CCIR involvement in the BSS, and the impact of ITU activities on national Direct Broadcast Satellites (DBS) systems. A description is given of the ITU mechanisms for studying and then adopting plans and regulations for the BSS by means of international cooperation and consensus.

  1. Enhancing Community Knowledge and Health Behaviors to Eliminate Blinding Trachoma in Mali Using Radio Messaging as a Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bamani, Sanoussi; Toubali, Emily; Diarra, Sadio; Goita, Seydou; Berte, Zana; Coulibaly, Famolo; Sangare, Hama; Tuinsma, Marjon; Zhang, Yaobi; Dembele, Benoit; Melvin, Palesa; MacArthur, Chad

    2013-01-01

    The National Blindness Prevention Program in Mali has broadcast messages on the radio about trachoma as part of the country's trachoma elimination strategy since 2008. In 2011, a radio impact survey using multi-stage cluster sampling was conducted in the regions of Kayes and Segou to assess radio listening habits, coverage of the broadcasts,…

  2. Scholarly but Relevant: A Comparison of Topic Frequency between "Journalism Quarterly,""Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media," and RTNDA "Communicator."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozmun, David

    A study compared the topics addressed in a professional trade publication, the RTNDA (Radio and Television News Directors Association) "Communicator," with topics specifically addressing broadcast news in the scholarly journals "Journalism Quarterly" and "Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media." The purpose of…

  3. Radio Electioneering in the American Presidential Campaigns of 1932 and 1936.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicolaides, Becky M.

    1988-01-01

    Presents a study which focuses on the use of network radio in the presidential campaigns of 1932 and 1936. Discusses the use of performance skills and sales techniques in broadcasts made by the Democrats and Republicans over the two major networks: the Columbia Broadcasting System and the National Broadcasting System. Examines how radio…

  4. Spreading the word by radio.

    PubMed

    1994-08-01

    A reporter for Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) interviews a woman from the Miao ethnic minority in China working as a midwife for a worldwide radio program to be aired on NHK's Radio Japan. The program, for broadcast in August [1994], is one of a five-part series on population issues and the family to be broadcast worldwide from August to December. Made with collaboration from JOICFP, the series features activities of JOICFP's Integrated Project in China in the first program and in Tanzania in the third program. The series, entitled 5.7 Billion Population Challenge--A Family Point of View, was planned to mark the UN International Conference on Population and Development to be held in Cairo, Egypt, in September, and the International Year of the Family.

  5. National College Radio Study: Audience Research and National Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sauls, Samuel J.

    A study profiled college radio stations and explored the feasibility of a college radio network. A mail survey was sent in April 1995 to 1,469 college radio stations (including broadcast stations, carrier current stations, closed-circuit campus stations, radiating cable FM, and cable television access stations). A total of 228 surveys were…

  6. DBS Radio: Deathstar or Dud? Info. Packets No. 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pizzi, Skip

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has been progressing over the past 5 years toward the institution of Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio (DBS-R) which would institute a new type of radio service. The FCC refers to the service as Satellite DARS (Digital Audio Radio Service), and it would provide reliable, high-fidelity satellite-delivered…

  7. A Simple Radio Receiver Aids Understanding of Wireless Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Straulino, S.; Orlando, A.

    2012-01-01

    The basic theory of radio broadcasting is discussed from an experimental point of view. First, concepts like wave modulation and tuning are explained with the use of instruments in the physics laboratory. Then, a very basic radio receiver is described and assembled, whose most important feature, like in the old "crystal radios", is the absence of…

  8. Shortwave Radio: A Tool for Integrating the Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Irvin L.

    Because of their geographical isolation from major population centers, many of the islands of Micronesia are without live television or daily newspapers. However, the skies of the Pacific are alive with radio broadcasts that can be received with shortwave radios. This presentation explains the nature of shortwave radio and describes how teachers…

  9. Producing Interactive Educational Radio Programs for Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yuzer, T. Volkan; Kurubacak, Gulsun

    2004-01-01

    It is not surprising that the interactivity affects radio and its applications. Besides, after radio began its first broadcasting, new inventions affected its development two ways: 1) the first one was the technological developments of sciences. For instance, the invention of transistors made it possible to create very small radio machines, and…

  10. Sexuality, Television and Broadcast Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Melvin S.

    This monograph provides a rationale for contemporary guidelines for the television and broadcast network management of sexual content in proposed progam materials. Beginning with a brief outline of the professional practices and responsibilities of broadcast standards editors, it then explores the relationships between sexual development,…

  11. Curricular Dimensions of Broadcast Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orlik, Peter B., Ed.

    The 14 course outlines in this paper represent the culmination of a 2-year project by the Broadcast Education Association's Courses and Curricula Committee. They were selected for outlining based upon either the frequency with which they were included in the curriculum of institutions offering comprehensive programs in broadcast education or the…

  12. Carrier-frequency synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2003-05-13

    Systems and methods are described for carrier-frequency synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a reference signal receiver; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  13. Synchronizing carrier frequencies of co-channel amplitude-modulated broadcast

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2007-05-15

    Systems and methods are described for carrier-frequency synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a reference signal receiver; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  14. Commercial satellite broadcasting for Europe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forrest, J. R.

    1988-12-01

    A review is presented of the current television broadcasting situation in European countries, which involves a varied mix of terrestrial VHF or UHF systems and cable networks. A small market has emerged in Europe for receivers using the low-power telecommunications satellite transmission between the program providers and cable network companies. This is expected to change with the launch of medium-power pan-European telecommunication satellites (e.g. ASTRA, EUTELSAT II), which are now directly addressing the market of home reception. DBS (direct broadcast satellite) in the UK, using the D-MAC transmission standard, will offer three additional television channels, data broadcasting services, and a planned evolution to compatible forms of wide-screen, high-definition television. Comments are given on receiver and conditional access system standardization. Some views are expressed on satellite broadcasting as part of an overall broadcasting framework for the future.

  15. Broadcasting but not receiving: density dependence considerations for SETI signals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Reginald D.

    2009-04-01

    This paper develops a detailed quantitative model which uses the Drake equation and an assumption of an average maximum radio broadcasting distance by an communicative civilization. Using this basis, it estimates the minimum civilization density for contact between two civilizations to be probable in a given volume of space under certain conditions, the amount of time it would take for a first contact, and the question of whether reciprocal contact is possible.

  16. Radio Galaxies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downes, Ann

    1986-01-01

    Provides background information on radio galaxies. Topic areas addressed include: what produces the radio emission; radio telescopes; locating radio galaxies; how distances to radio galaxies are found; physics of radio galaxies; computer simulations of radio galaxies; and the evolution of radio galaxies with cosmic time. (JN)

  17. An overview and guide: planning instructional radio.

    PubMed

    Imhoof, M

    1984-03-01

    Successful instructional radio projects require both comprehensive and complex planning. The instructional radio planning team needs to have knowledge and capabilities in several technical, social, and educational areas. Among other skills, the team must understand radio, curriculum design, the subject matter being taught, research and evaluation, and the environment in which the project operates. Once a basic approach to educational planning has been selected and broad educational goals set, radio may be selected as a cost effective means of achieving some of the goals. Assuming radio is a wise choice, there are still several factors which must be analyzed by a team member who is a radio specialist. The most obvious consideration is the inventory and evaluation of the facilities: studios; broadcast, recording, and transmission equipment; classroom radios; and so on. Capabilities of broadcast personnel are another consideration. Initial radio lessons need to teach the learners how to listen to the radio if they have no previous experience with institutional radio broadcasts. A captive, inschool audience ready to listen to radio instructions requires a different use of the medium than a noncaptive audience. With the noncaptive audience, the educational broadcaster must compete with entertaining choices from other media and popular activities and pastimes of the community. The most complex knowledge and analysis required in planning instructional radio concerns the relationship of the content to the medium. Environmental factors are important in planning educational programs. The physical environment may present several constraints on the learning experience and the use of radio. The most obvious is the effect of climate and terrain on the quality of radio reception. The physical environment is easily studied through experience in the target area, but this knowledge plays a significant role in designing effective learning materials for specific learners. Social

  18. Global Broadcast Service (GBS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    EVM - Earned Value Management FOC - Full Operational Capability FMS - Foreign Military Sales FRP - Full Rate Production FY - Fiscal Year FYDP - Future...Appn BA PE Navy 1109 04 0206313M Line Item Name 4633 Radio Systems (Shared) Navy 1810 02 0303109N Line Item Name 3215 Satellite

  19. Optimal broadcasting of mixed states

    SciTech Connect

    Dang Guifang; Fan Heng

    2007-08-15

    The N to M (M{>=}N) universal quantum broadcasting of mixed states {rho}{sup xN} is proposed for a qubit system. The broadcasting of mixed states is universal and optimal in the sense that the shrinking factor is independent of the input state and achieves the upper bound. The quantum broadcasting of mixed qubits is a generalization of the universal quantum cloning machine for identical pure input states. A pure state decomposition of the identical mixed qubits {rho}{sup xN} is obtained.

  20. FM echolocating bats shift frequencies to avoid broadcast-echo ambiguity in clutter.

    PubMed

    Hiryu, Shizuko; Bates, Mary E; Simmons, James A; Riquimaroux, Hiroshi

    2010-04-13

    Sonar broadcasts are followed by echoes at different delays from objects at different distances. When broadcasts are emitted rapidly in cluttered surroundings, echo streams from successive broadcasts overlap and cause ambiguity in matching echoes to corresponding broadcasts. To identify reactions to ambiguity in clutter, echolocating bats that emit multiple-harmonic FM sounds were trained to fly into a dense, extended array of obstacles (multiple rows of vertically hanging chains) while the sonar sounds the bat emitted were recorded with a miniature radio microphone carried by the bat. Flight paths were reconstructed from thermal-infrared video recordings. Successive rows of chains extended more than 6 m in depth, so each broadcast was followed by a series of echoes from multiple rows of chains that lasted up to 40 ms. Bats emitted sounds in pairs ("strobe groups") at short (20-40 ms) interpulse intervals (IPIs) alternating with longer IPIs (>50 ms). For many short IPIs, the stream of echoes from the first broadcast was still arriving when the second broadcast was emitted. This overlap caused ambiguity about matching echoes with broadcasts. Bats shifted frequencies of the first sound in each strobe group upward and the second sound downward by 3-6 kHz. When overlap and ambiguity ceased, frequency shifts ceased also. Frequency differences were small compared with the total broadcast band, which was 75-80 kHz wide, but the harmonic structure of echoes enhances the differences in spectrograms. Bats could use time-frequency comparisons of echoes with broadcasts to assign echoes to the corresponding broadcasts and thus avoid ambiguity.

  1. Recent and Proposed Changes in Broadcasting Structures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Himmelweit, Hilde T.; And Others

    These three reports describe recent and proposed changes to broadcasting structures in Great Britain, the Arab states, and Sweden. The Annan Committee on the Future of British Broadcasting reports developments in British broadcasting since 1960, changes proposed by the committee, and the reaction of the broadcast industry to those proposals. A…

  2. The throughput of packet broadcasting channels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abramson, N.

    1977-01-01

    A unified presentation of packet broadcasting theory is presented. Section II introduces the theory of packet broadcasting data networks. Section III provides some theoretical results on the performance of a packet broadcasting network when users have a variety of data rates. Section IV deals with packet broadcasting networks distributed in space, and in Section V some properties of power-limited packet broadcasting channels are derived, showing that the throughput of such channels can approach that of equivalent point-to-point channels.

  3. Direct broadcast satellite technical issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McManamon, P. M.

    The satellites discussed here are those that have been proposed for operation in the 12.2-12.7 GHz band in the U.S. to provide domestic services. Technical issues are summarized which will influence policy, regulatory practices, and decisions bearing on domestic and international sharing. Technical approaches are presented for the efficient use of the orbit to be used by direct broadcast satellites for the Broadcasting-Satellite Service.

  4. 1967-1968 WNYE FM Radio Manual. 1967-1968 Series, Curriculum Bulletin Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

    WNYE-TV (UHF Channel 25) and WNYE-FM (91.5 m.c., 20,000 watts) broadcast instructional television and radio programs to New York City schools. The radio series were presented during school hours between Oct. 9, 1967 and May 31, 1968, with audience ranging from kindergarten to grade 12. The Manual describes radio broadcasts in general listening,…

  5. Planeta Vivo Radio: a 365 chapter story between science and radio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calvo, David; Villalba, Eustaquio; Rodríguez, Fátima; Álvarez, Domingo; Pérez, Nemesio M.

    2016-04-01

    PLANETA VIVO RADIO (http://www.planetavivoradio.es/) is a joint effort of the Spanish National Public Radio in the Canary Islands (RNE-Canarias) and Instituto Volcanológico de Canarias (INVOLCAN) to broadcast scientific and technological advances related to Earth Sciences and the Earth Planet. This initiative was born in a very special year, 2008, the International Year of the Planet Earth, and is actually co-financed by the Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Tenerife (PCTT) and co-financed by the PROCIVMAC project. This 50 minutes weekly radio program broadcast scientists' interviews and scientific/technological reports related to the state of the art of several topics of scientific and social interest in addition to a weekly report of natural hazards that have occurred in the Earth Planet during the last week turning "PLANETAVIVORADIO" as a milestone of the Earth Sciences for the society. Since that moment, Planeta Vivo Radio has been broadcasted through 365 weeks in a continuous way. Several modifications have been added to the program, being divided today into eight different parts, a mix with interviews, reports, ephemerals, bios, agenda and the review to the most prominent natural hazards occurring through the last seven days. Since October 2015, Planeta Vivo Radio is the longest science radio program ever broadcasted in the Canary Islands.

  6. Direct broadcast satellite-audio, portable and mobile reception tradeoffs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1992-03-01

    This paper reports on the findings of a systems tradeoffs study on direct broadcast satellite-radio (DBS-R). Based on emerging advanced subband and transform audio coding systems, four ranges of bit rates: 16-32 kbps, 48-64 kbps, 96-128 kbps and 196-256 kbps are identified for DBS-R. The corresponding grades of audio quality will be subjectively comparable to AM broadcasting, monophonic FM, stereophonic FM, and CD quality audio, respectively. The satellite EIRP's needed for mobile DBS-R reception in suburban areas are sufficient for portable reception in most single family houses when allowance is made for the higher G/T of portable table-top receivers. As an example, the variation of the space segment cost as a function of frequency, audio quality, coverage capacity, and beam size is explored for a typical DBS-R system.

  7. The Use of the Cypriot-Greek Dialect in the Commercials of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavlou, Pavlos Y.

    A study investigated the use of the Cypriot Greek dialect (CG) in radio commercials of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) over a period of ten years. CG, the language of everyday interaction in Cypriot villages, is distinguished from the other language variety commonly used, one closer to standard modern Greek. Analysis of the radio…

  8. CPB and the Public Interest. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting 1976 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    The mission of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) is to take the lead in helping develop a uniquely American non-commercial public radio-television system that will inform, enlighten, entertain, and enrich the lives of people. In their annual report for fiscal year 1976, CPB lists as its activities: (1) a satellite interconnection plan…

  9. Dual Audio Television; an Experiment in Saturday Morning Broadcast and a Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borton, Terry; And Others

    The Philadelphia City Schools engaged in a four-year program to develop and test dual audio television, a way to help children learn more from the massive amounts of time they spend watching commercial television. The format consisted of an instructional radio broadcast which accompanied popular television shows and attempted to clarify and…

  10. Digital Audio Application to Short Wave Broadcasting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, Edward Y.

    1997-01-01

    Digital audio is becoming prevalent not only in consumer electornics, but also in different broadcasting media. Terrestrial analog audio broadcasting in the AM and FM bands will be eventually be replaced by digital systems.

  11. 47 CFR 73.1217 - Broadcast hoaxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... punishment by law. A “catastrophe” is a disaster or imminent disaster involving violent or sudden event... broadcast station shall broadcast false information concerning a crime or a catastrophe if: (a) The...

  12. 47 CFR 73.1217 - Broadcast hoaxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... punishment by law. A “catastrophe” is a disaster or imminent disaster involving violent or sudden event... broadcast station shall broadcast false information concerning a crime or a catastrophe if: (a) The...

  13. 47 CFR 73.1217 - Broadcast hoaxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... punishment by law. A “catastrophe” is a disaster or imminent disaster involving violent or sudden event... broadcast station shall broadcast false information concerning a crime or a catastrophe if: (a) The...

  14. Graduate Programs in Broadcasting: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Raymond L.; Copeland, Gary A.

    1985-01-01

    Reports results of a survey of graduate education in broadcast programs. Notes (1) a trend toward merging communication areas at the graduate level and (2) a clear identification of broadcasting as a discipline. (PD)

  15. The Role of Radio in the Rwandan Genocide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kellow, Christine L.; Steeves, H. Leslie

    1998-01-01

    Examines and interprets the role of the government-controlled radio-television station in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Considers historical and political contexts of the genocide and analyzes excerpts from radio broadcasts and observational accounts. Interprets, via several strands of communication, scholarship related to collective reaction effects…

  16. A Local Radio Strategy for Nigeria: Part 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moemeka, Andrew A.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses some of the problems associated with implementing a local radio station, and indicates that the local radio strategy for rural community education should be based on full scale coordination and cooperation among broadcasting, government departments, and voluntary agencies responsible for rural education and development. (Author/JEG)

  17. Learning English Language by Radio in Primary Schools in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odera, Florence Y.

    2011-01-01

    Radio is one of the most affordable educational technologies available for the use in education and development in developing countries. This article explores the use of school radio broadcast to assist teachers and pupils to learn and improve English language both written and spoken in Kenyan primary schools. English language occupies a central…

  18. College Radio Hits the Big Time in the Music Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Elizabeth

    1989-01-01

    In the last decade, college radio has begun to play music too experimental for commercial radio, and people searching for innovative or controversial music are tuning into college stations. The music industry has welcomed the student broadcasters, many of whom enter the profession after college. (MSE)

  19. Rehabilitation Broadcasts to Rural Villages. [Draft].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, M.

    The scripts are intended for broadcasting in translation to villages in Pakistan to raise awareness about disabilities and to provide practical advice to parents of disabled children. The initial broadcast emphasizes the essential humanity of all disabled persons, while subsequent broadcasts address issues in raising children with mental…

  20. Counterads: Broadcasting and the First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meeske, Milan D.

    The author claims that one of the results of the pressure put on broadcasting to increase its availability as a discussion forum is the development of "counteradvertising," editorial advertising that involves the broadcasting of opinion on controversial issues. This is an outgrowth of the FCC ruling that broadcasters provide free time…

  1. Cable Television and Satellite Broadcasting

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-05-31

    a TV set from manufacturer A of the interconnection agreement negotiated with Mer- can talk to a VCR from manufacturer B and a compact cury or...Broadcasting Structure for the Next Decade, sion of cable’s unique programing. The expansion began Madame Catherine Tasca, Ministre Delegue Charge de with

  2. Broadcast control of air traffic

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Litchford, G. B.

    1972-01-01

    The development of a system of broadcast control for improved flight safety and air traffic control is discussed. The system provides a balance of equality between improved cockpit guidance and control capability and ground control in order to provide the pilot with a greater degree of participation. The manner in which the system is operated and the equipment required for safe operation are examined.

  3. Eleanor Roosevelt: First Lady as Radio Pioneer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beasley, Maurine H.; Belgrade, Paul

    Eleanor Roosevelt's commercial radio broadcasts during her White House years (1933-1945) were significant for three reasons. First, she was one of the few women who performed as a news commentator during this period. Her ability to pursue such a career owed much to her position as First Lady and represented the merging of the roles of celebrity…

  4. Language Arts Project: Radio Program Production.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staskal, Doreen

    A project in which student groups create a 10-minute radio broadcast consisting of a song, commercials, a news report, and a commentary is presented. The purpose of the project is to teach students to be selective media users while also teaching reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. The teacher introduction offers suggestions for…

  5. A Study of Public Radio Stations' Educational Services, 1978-79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    This second national survey of public radio stations' involvement in educational services to schools, colleges, and universities was conducted by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) for use by individual public radio stations, educational agencies, and other organizations interested and involved in planning public radio's services to…

  6. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  7. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  8. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  9. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  10. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  11. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  12. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  13. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  14. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  15. "At 75 You Don't Expect to Become a Radio Star"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanistreet, Paul

    2011-01-01

    When 75-year-old Margaret Corston saw a poster in her local library advertising a course in basic radio broadcasting skills, she little thought that some 18 months later she would be hosting her own weekly show, with thousands of listeners, on community radio. From small beginnings--her first course was called "First Steps in Radio"--she began to…

  16. Starship Earth: A Model for Advising Environmental Discussions on College Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosengrant, Kim

    Because college radio offers a less structured environment, a natural habitat is created which provides for broadcasting experimental shows such as Starship Earth, an environmental radio show on East Stroudsburg University's (Pennsylvania) college radio station, WESS 90.3 FM. Environmental problems, issues, and solutions are discussed on the show.…

  17. Midwest Radio Survey: Management Identification of Vocational Needs and Perceptions of Entry-Level Skills and Long-Term Success Characteristics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parcells, Frank E.

    To help with the curriculum development of college broadcasting programs, a survey was administered to 375 radio station managers in major, medium, and small midwest markets. Designed to establish the vocational needs of radio stations, determine and prioritize entry level broadcasting skills, and identify characteristics of success for long-term…

  18. Radiofrequency Exposure Amongst Employees of Mobile Network Operators and Broadcasters.

    PubMed

    Litchfield, Ian; van Tongeren, Martie; Sorahan, Tom

    2016-10-13

    Little is known about personal exposure to radiofrequency (RF) fields amongst employees in the telecommunications industry responsible for installing and maintaining transmitters. IARC classified RF exposure as a possible carcinogen, although evidence from occupational studies was judged to be inadequate. Hence, there is a need for improved evidence of any potentially adverse health effects amongst the workforce occupationally exposed to RF radiation. In this study, results are presented from an exposure survey using data from personal monitors used by employees in the broadcasting and telecommunication industries of the UK. These data were supplemented by spot measurements using broadband survey metres and information on daily work activities provided by employee questionnaires. The sets of real-time personal data were categorised by four types of site determined by the highest powered antenna present (high, medium or low power and ground-level sites). For measurements gathered at each type of site, the root mean square and a series of box plots were produced. Results from the daily activities diaries suggested that riggers working for radio and television broadcasters were exposed to much longer periods as compared to colleagues working for mobile operators. Combining the results from the measurements and daily activity diaries clearly demonstrate that exposures were highest for riggers working for broadcasting sites. This study demonstrates that it is feasible to carry out exposure surveys within these populations that will provide reliable estimates of exposure that can be used for epidemiological studies of occupational groups exposed to RF fields.

  19. Status of women in Nigerian broadcasting media: a case for representation and upward mobility.

    PubMed

    Pate, U A

    1994-06-01

    Questionnaires completed by 45 female employees from 8 broadcast stations in Nigeria revealed that, despite some growth in female employment in areas such as programming, the status of women in this sector reproduces women's subordinate status in the broader society. For every 1 woman employed in the state radio stations and state and federal television stations represented in the survey, there were 7 male employees. Although the 3 states covered have an aggregate population of 4.3 million women, only 231 represent them in broadcasting. Moreover, female journalists are concentrated in the lowest status positions and tend to be relegated to coverage of women's and social issues rather than news and current affairs. Respondents cited the following factors as responsible for the low representation of women in broadcasting: cultural factors (20 respondents), a late start (15), male chauvinism (5), and a lack of dedication (5). At the same time, 40 of the 45 respondents indicated they believed women have equal opportunities to men in the broadcast media, given ability and perseverance, and 35 ranked the prospects for the next generation of female journalists as wide open. Greater visibility of female broadcasters in the higher ranks of the industry and in news-oriented reporting positions is essential to undercut stereotypes of women as wives and mothers only. Urged is a conscious effort on the part of the Nigerian broadcasting industry to attract more women to the field and provide them with the training needed to career advancement.

  20. The RadioSat (sm) network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noreen, Gary K.

    1991-01-01

    The RadioSat network under development by radio Satellite Corporation will use mobile satellite (MSAT) technology to provide diverse personal communications, broadcast, and navigation services. The network will support these services simultaneously for integrated mobile radios throughout Canada and the United States. The RadioSat network takes advantage of several technological breakthroughs, all coming to fruition by the time the first MSAT satellite is launched in 1994. The most important of these breakthroughs is the enormous radiated power of each MSAT spacecraft - orders of magnitude greater than the radiated power of previous L-band spacecraft. Another important breakthrough is the development of advanced digital audio compression algorithms, enabling the transmission of broadcast quality music at moderate data rates. Finally, continuing dramatic increases in VLSI capabilities permit the production of complex, multi-function mobile satellite radios in very large quantities at prices little more than those of conventional car radios. In addition to performance breakthroughs and their economic implications to RadioSat, the design of the RadioSat network is reviewed.

  1. Radio for formal education and for development communication.

    PubMed

    Jamison, D T

    1978-09-01

    A substantial body of literature documents the successful use of open radio broadcasting, radio campaigns, and radio-listening groups in nonformal education and other aspects of development communication. The 4 alternative strategies for using radio in formal education -- using radio to enrich learning, direct instruction, extending in-school education, and distance learning -- need to be assessed in terms of users' needs. The use of radio to enrich in-school education holds little promise for major improvements, but the potential for the use of radio in direct instruction in 1 or more subjects is promising and presents a strong challenge to educators. Case studies of 2 Mexican projects to extend school in order to expand the rural population's access to information and schools were disappointing. Both projects showed that radio could teach about as effectively as traditional elementary school teachers, but neither expanded beyond the pilot stage. Better financing and a firmer government commitment might have made a difference. The use of radio in formal education as a component of a distance-learning system has been successful in Kenya and the Dominican Republic, among other places. The best use of open broadcast is to transmit an interesting message; the most appropriate use of listening-group strategies -- radio schools, farm forums, and radio animation -- are to promote more complex and longterm changes. Communication planners need to be aware that radio can be used in numerous ways in response to a variety of goals. 4 projects are reviewed to illustrate instances in which radio has realized its goals with special success -- the Kenyan health broadcasts, the radio program that used nutrition "ads," the Guatemalan agricultural information programs, and the Tanzania radio campaigns. These projects show that the development goals being promoted and the special characteristics of the project determine the strategy, its effects, and its transferability.

  2. Carrier phase synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2011-02-01

    Systems and methods are described for carrier phase synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing the phase of a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with the phase of a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a receiver to detect the phase of a reference signal; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal-phase receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a phase-controlled radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  3. Carrier phase synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F [Loudon, TN; Moore, James A [Powell, TN

    2009-09-08

    Systems and methods are described for carrier phase synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing the phase of a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with the phase of a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a receiver to detect the phase of a reference signal; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal-phase receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a phase-controlled radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  4. 78 FR 66288 - An Inquiry Into the Commission's Policies and Rules Regarding AM Radio Service Directional...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-05

    ...-800-378-3160. This document is available in alternative formats (computer diskette, large print, audio... ad hoc technical group of radio broadcasters, equipment manufacturers, and broadcast consulting... multiple towers, which may be several hundred meters apart. The relatively large spacing...

  5. From Class D to LPFM: The High-Powered Politics of Low-Power Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stavitsky, Alan G.; Avery, Robert K.; Vanhala, Helena

    2001-01-01

    Considers how the most heated broadcasting issue of the year 2000 was the fight over low-power FM radio. Notes that the rise and fall of the proposed service reflected the state of the art in telecommunication policymaking. Notes that public broadcasters were caught in the middle of the low power debate. (SG)

  6. Tuning In to Navajo: The Role of Radio in Native Language Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Leighton C.

    Since 1986, KTNN Radio (tribally owned) has broadcast Navajo-language programming to the entire Navajo Nation. Its large broadcast range and position as the "Voice of the Navajo Nation" gives KTNN the "symbolic" power to affect linguistic change, as well as the unenviable position of being held to a high language standard although no such…

  7. Tuning Out Education: The Cooperation Doctrine in Radio, 1922-38.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leach, Eugene E.

    1983-01-01

    During the first two decades of radio broadcasting in the United States, commercial broadcasters persuaded federal regulators, much of the public, and many educators that there was little need for independent noncommercial stations. Educational programming could be entrusted to "cooperation" between commercial hosts and guest educators.…

  8. Live Radio Networking for Educational Stations: NAEB Seminar (University of Wisconsin, July 17-21, 1960).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Betty, Ed.; And Others

    A National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB) seminar reviewed the development of regional live educational networking and the prospect of a national network to broadcast programs of educational, cultural, and informational interest. Of the 137 operating NAEB radio stations, contributing to the insufficient news communication resources…

  9. Ein Rundfunkkurs fuer Russisch - Klasse 8 (Radio course in Russian, Course 8)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holjewilken, Gudrun

    1974-01-01

    Information is presented regarding the radio course, beginning in the school year 1974-1975, of 9 broadcasts on Lessons 2 through 10 of the textbook: aims, methodological design, topics, action frames, activity of the individual broadcasts. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  10. 76 FR 43933 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Markham, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-22

    ..., adopted June 27, 2011, and released June 28, 2011. The full text of this Commission decision is available..., Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text of this...

  11. 75 FR 71411 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Silverpeak, NV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... Docket No. 08-197, adopted November 3, 2010, and released November 5, 2010. The full text of this... complete text of this decision also may be purchased from the Commission's duplicating contractor,...

  12. 75 FR 80013 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Jewett, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-21

    .... 10-65, RM-10595, adopted December 1, 2010, and released December 3, 2010. The full text of this... Information Center, Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text...

  13. 75 FR 62690 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Grants Pass, Oregon

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ..., adopted September 24, 2010, and released September 27, 2010. The full text of this Commission decision is..., Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text of this...

  14. 75 FR 82279 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ..., and Channel *260A at Fountain Green, Utah. DATES: Effective December 30, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... amendments are necessary to reflect that Channel 272A at Homer, Louisiana, and Channel 260A at Fountain Green... inspection and copying during regular business hours at the FCC Reference Information Center, Portals II,...

  15. 78 FR 40402 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Roaring Springs, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-05

    ... separation requirements of the Commission's rules, at coordinates 33-59-36 NL and 100-52-10 WL, with a site..., consistent with the minimum distance separation requirements of the Commission's rules, at coordinates...

  16. 77 FR 25112 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Centerville and Midway, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... distance separation requirements of the Rules with a site restriction 7.6 kilometers (4.7 miles) northwest... separation requirement of the Rules with a site restriction 10.6 kilometers (6.6 miles) northwest...

  17. 77 FR 58799 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Roaring Springs, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... Springs, Texas, in compliance with the Commission's minimum distance separation requirements with a site... minimum distance separation requirements with a site restriction of 9.4 km (5.8 miles) northeast...

  18. Survey of man-made electrical noise affecting radio broadcasting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bisignani, W. T.; Garner, W. B.

    1969-01-01

    Survey, consisting of limited noise measurements, was made to augment and verify existing data at HF and VHF and to obtain basic data at UHF. Exact frequencies were determined by the absence of intentionally generated signals around three selected frequencies.

  19. Back to College. Transcript of Program Scheduled for Broadcast for the Week of September 27, 1976. Program No. 46. Options in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    "Options in Education" is a weekly radio magazine covering news, features, policy, and people in the field of education produced by National Public Radio and the Institute for Educational Leadership. This broadcast presents Geoffrey Blodgett discussing students' heroes, villains, and ideals; Rose Tobin on student mood at Berkeley; and…

  20. [The end of an era. Fourteen radio sketches for the Pink Pills].

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, Thierry

    2015-12-01

    Those sketches, restaured by the French "Institut national de l'audiovisuel", are transcribed and analyzed for the first time. They was probably broadcasted during the summer of 1939 by the private station Radio Gard Nîmes.

  1. Science on Film, Radio, and Television in the People's Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirsch, Jeffrey W.

    1981-01-01

    Presents a report on broadcast media popularization of science in the People's Republic of China. Personal observations are recorded about the present quality and future directions of Chinese science communication via films, radio, and television. (CS)

  2. A National Survey of Faculty Salaries in Radio-Television-Film.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmore, Garland C.

    1983-01-01

    Reported average salary, by rank and years of teaching experience, for full-time faculty teaching radio-television-film in five types of departments: broadcasting, communication, journalism, mass media, and speech. (PD)

  3. Radio, Television and Film: The State of Study in the 1980s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomery, Douglas

    1985-01-01

    Analyzes two influential basic textbooks in the study of radio-television-film (RTVF): "Broadcasting in America" and "Film Art: An Introduction." Comments on how the RTVF organization impacts graduate education. (PD)

  4. NASA and CD Radio's TDRSS industrial test program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Briskman, Robert D.; Hollansworth, James E.

    1995-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has embarked on a joint test program with CD Radio Inc. The program will demonstrate spatial diversity techniques in support of industrial development of a new satellite direct broadcast national radio service called Satellite Radio. Satellite Radio will operate in the FCC approved frequency band 2310-2360 MHz which is close to NASA's Tracking and Data Relay System (TDRSS) satellites' high power transmit frequency near 2110 MHz. The cooperative test program in which NASA provides use of a TDRSS satellite and CD Radio provides the measurement equipped vehicle is described as well as its current status. Some initial measurement data are presented.

  5. 37 CFR 381.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 381.2 Section 381.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY... WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 381.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational broadcast...

  6. Radio and distance learning in Pakistan.

    PubMed

    Abbas, R

    1987-01-01

    Radio is a powerful communication vehicle in Pakistan able to reach 3/4 of urban and 2/3 of rural households. Until 1974, most radio broadcasts of the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation, a state monopoly, were in the categories of music, drama, and features; news and current affairs; and religious broadcasts. The Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), a distance learning educational institution, was established through an act of the Pakistan Parliament in 1974 and is the only institution in the country to use radio broadcasts for its curriculum. Also established in 1974 within the AIOU was the Institute of Educational Technology (IET). The IET channels the transmission and flow of well-designed educational messages and lessons from the teachers to the students by employing distance teaching methodology that seeks to reinforce students' weekly lessons. IET closely integrates its activities within the University's academic departments. IET staff members not only participate in the development of course curriculum and syllabi, but also help to identify course content needing reinforcement through radio. While the teachers at AIOU convert the course curricula into distance-learning self-study activity-oriented correspondence texts, IET producers transcribe these scripts into actual production scripts. Feedback from students and findings of the University's Research and Statistical Cell are used to make revisions in the scripts. The AIOU enrolls an average of 100,000 students each year. Expansion is being limited only by the costs of purchasing time from the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (Rs 2000 for a 15-minute lesson) and the availability of appropriate time slots.

  7. Professionalism in Broadcasting in Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Rita Cruise

    1977-01-01

    Examines the modes of professionalism and organizational structure in broadcasting and investigates how these modes transfer from industrialized nations to developing countries such as Algeria and Senegal. (MH)

  8. MPEG-21 in broadcasting: the novel digital broadcast item model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lugmayr, Artur R.; Touimi, Abdellatif B.; Kaneko, Itaru; Kim, Jong-Nam; Alberti, Claudio; Yona, Sadigurschi; Kim, Jaejoon; Andrade, Maria Teresa; Kalli, Seppo

    2004-05-01

    The MPEG experts are currently developing the MPEG-21 set of standards and this includes a framework and specifications for digital rights management (DRM), delivery of quality of services (QoS) over heterogeneous networks and terminals, packaging of multimedia content and other things essential for the infrastructural aspects of multimedia content distribution. Considerable research effort is being applied to these new developments and the capabilities of MPEG-21 technologies to address specific application areas are being investigated. One such application area is broadcasting, in particular the development of digital TV and its services. In more practical terms, digital TV addresses networking, events, channels, services, programs, signaling, encoding, bandwidth, conditional access, subscription, advertisements and interactivity. MPEG-21 provides an excellent framework of standards to be applied in digital TV applications. Within the scope of this research work we describe a new model based on MPEG-21 and its relevance to digital TV: the digital broadcast item model (DBIM). The goal of the DBIM is to elaborate the potential of MPEG-21 for digital TV applications. Within this paper we focus on a general description of the DBIM, quality of service (QoS) management and metadata filtering, digital rights management and also present use-cases and scenarios where the DBIM"s role is explored in detail.

  9. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... a fixed customer location. Fixed wireless signals do not include, among other things, AM radio, FM radio, amateur (“HAM”) radio, Citizen's Band (CB) radio, and Digital Audio Radio Service (DARS)...

  10. Surgical education through video broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Nagengast, Eric S; Ramos, Margarita S; Sarma, Hiteswar; Deshpande, Gaurav; Hatcher, Kristin; Magee, William P; Campbell, Alex

    2014-09-01

    Surgical training is facing new obstacles. As advancements in medicine are made, surgeons are expected to know more and to be able to perform more procedures. In the western world, increasing restrictions on residency work hours are adding a new hurdle to surgical training. In low-resource settings, a low attending-to-resident ratio results in limited operative experience for residents. Advances in telemedicine may offer new methods for surgical training. In this article, the authors share their unique experience using live video broadcasting of surgery for educational purposes at a comprehensive cleft care center in Guwahati, India.

  11. Watershed Education for Broadcast Meteorologists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lamos, J. P.; Sliter, D.; Espinoza, S.; Spangler, T. C.

    2006-12-01

    The National Environmental Education and Training Organization (NEETF) published a report in 2005 that summarized the findings of ten years of NEETF and Roper Research. The report stated, "Our years of data from Roper surveys show a persistent pattern of environmental ignorance even among the most educated and influential members of society." Market research has also shown that 80% of television viewers list the weather as the primary reason for watching the local news. Broadcast meteorologists, with a broader understanding of environmental and related sciences have an opportunity to use their weathercasts to inform the public about the environment and the factors that influence environmental health. As "station scientists," broadcast meteorologists can use the weather, and people's connection to it, to broaden their understanding of the environment they live in. Weather and watershed conditions associated with flooding and drought have major human and environmental impacts. Increasing the awareness of the general public about basic aspects of the hydrologic landscape can be an important part of mitigating the adverse effects of too much or too little precipitation, and of protecting the environment as well. The concept of a watershed as a person's natural neighborhood is a very important one for understanding hydrologic and environmental issues. Everyone lives in a watershed, and the health of a watershed is the result of the interplay between weather and human activity. This paper describes an online course to give broadcast meteorologists a basic understanding of watersheds and how watersheds are impacted by weather. It discusses how to convey watershed science to a media- savvy audience as well as how to model the communication of watershed and hydrologic concepts to the public. The course uses a narrative, story-like style to present its content. It is organized into six short units of instruction, each approximately 20 minutes in duration. Each unit is

  12. AIDS radio triggers.

    PubMed

    Elias, A M

    1991-07-01

    In April 1991, the Ethnic Communities' Council of NSW was granted funding under the Community AIDS Prevention and Education Program through the Department of Community Services and Health, to produce a series of 6x50 second AIDS radio triggers with a 10-second tag line for further information. The triggers are designed to disseminate culturally-sensitive information about HIV/AIDS in English, Italian, Greek, Spanish, Khmer, Turkish, Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian, Arabic, Cantonese, and Vietnamese, with the goal of increasing awareness and decreasing the degree of misinformation about HIV/AIDS among people of non-English-speaking backgrounds through radio and sound. The 6 triggers cover the denial that AIDS exists in the community, beliefs that words and feelings do not protect one from catching HIV, encouraging friends to be compassionate, compassion within the family, AIDS information for a young audience, and the provision of accurate and honest information on HIV/AIDS. The triggers are slated to be completed by the end of July 1991 and will be broadcast on all possible community, ethnic, and commercial radio networks across Australia. They will be available upon request in composite form with an information kit for use by health care professionals and community workers.

  13. 77 FR 20555 - Implementation of the Local Community Radio Act of 2010; Revision of Service and Eligibility...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-05

    ... existing FM radio service,'' the Commission adopted separation requirements for LPFM stations operating on... channel FM station that broadcasts a radio reading service via a subcarrier frequency. 14. The Commission..., while the Commission did not delete the protections specific to FM stations providing radio...

  14. The Electronic Church Debate in Historical Perspective: An Analysis of the Split between Ecumenical and Evangelical/Independent Religious Broadcasters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virts, Paul H.

    The majority of critics of religious broadcasting, the so-called "electronic church," are members of the "liberal" or ecumenical Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish groups. In a historical context, however, these critics, along with the major radio and television networks, are as responsible for the electronic church as are the…

  15. Moral Education. Options in Education, Transcript for Program Scheduled for Broadcast the Week of September 13 [1976], Program No. 44.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    Teaching about moral issues is discussed in this transcript of "Options in Education," an electronic weekly magazine. Directed toward educators and students, the program covers news, features, policy, and people in the field of education and is available for broadcasting to member stations of National Public Radio. Seventeen montages…

  16. The Quasi Nongovernmental Organization in Public Broadcasting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grossman, Michael B.

    1969-01-01

    "Educational broadcasting faces a problem of remaining autonomous under increased governmental support through the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Dr. Grossman draws parallels between what is happening in ETV and the history of autonomy and constituency in the schools and universities. (Editor)

  17. Must-Carry and Public Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davenport, Elizabeth K.

    Because of the United States Court of Appeal's ruling ("Quincy Cable TV vs. Federal Communications Commission") that government regulation of what cable television stations can broadcast violates their First Amendment rights, a number of consequences have arisen concerning what cable stations are required to broadcast (must-carry rules),…

  18. Statistical Trends in Broadcasting. Ninth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair (John) and Co., New York, NY.

    A review of trends in broadcasting and an overall economic profile of the broadcasting industry for 1972, with projections for 1973, are given by a collection of tables and graphs. The first portion presents data on total advertising expenditures and trends, along with information on the gross national product and personal consumption spending.…

  19. Personal Broadcasting: Applications in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Patricia D.

    2007-01-01

    Personal Broadcasting, which includes podcasting, vodcasting, phonecasting, Webcasting, blogging, and wikis, is one of the emerging technologies that will have a significant effect on education within the next five years. This article describes the techniques used in personal broadcasting, describes how they are being used in higher education,…

  20. Information Technology and an Educational Broadcasting Database.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAleese, R.; Duncan, E. B.

    1985-01-01

    Explains the link between educational broadcasting and information technology. Some aspects of knowledge organization for information retrieval are explored and illustrated with reference to the University of Aberdeen's Educational Broadcasting Database. A pilot exercise includes communication of user-selected data from the database to…