Science.gov

Sample records for radio broadcasting

  1. Radio broadcasting via satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helm, Neil R.; Pritchard, Wilbur L.

    1990-10-01

    Market areas offering potential for future narrowband broadcast satellites are examined, including international public diplomacy, government- and advertising-supported, and business-application usages. Technical issues such as frequency allocation, spacecraft types, transmission parameters, and radio receiver characteristics are outlined. Service and system requirements, advertising revenue, and business communications services are among the economic issues discussed. The institutional framework required to provide an operational radio broadcast service is studied, and new initiatives in direct broadcast audio radio systems, encompassing studies, tests, in-orbit demonstrations of, and proposals for national and international commercial broadcast services are considered.

  2. Educational Broadcasting--Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahamed, Uvais; Grimmett, George

    This manual is intended for those who must conduct educational radio broadcasting training courses in Asia-Pacific countries without the resources of experienced personnel, as well as for individuals to use in self-learning situations. The selection of material has been influenced by the need to use broadcasting resources effectively in programs…

  3. International Radio Broadcasting: Who Listens?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browne, Donald R.

    It is difficult to obtain reliable data on the nature of the audience for international broadcast programs in Asia (e.g., those beamed by the Voice of America or Radio Japan). However, analysis of listener mail and some survey research have provided a fairly clear profile of the audience: young (ages 15-34), well educated, urban, male (but with a…

  4. Direct Broadcast Satellite: Radio Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1992-01-01

    NASA is committed to providing technology development that leads to the introduction of new commercial applications for communications satellites. The Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Program is a joint effort between The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and The United States Information Agency/Voice of America (USIA/VOA) directed at this objective. The purpose of this program is to define the service and develop the technology for a direct-to-listener satellite sound broadcasting system. The DBS-R Program, as structured by NASA and VOA, is now a three-phase program designed to help the U.S. commercial communications satellite and receiver industry bring about this new communications service. Major efforts are being directed towards frequency planning hardware and service development, service demonstration, and experimentation with new satellite and receiver technology.

  5. International shortwave broadcasting and direct broadcast satellites: Voice of America, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Radio Marti

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The resource needs of the international shortwave broadcasting organizations are considered, and the potential of direct broadcast satellites are evaluated. The situation facing international radio broadcasters in terms of resources and needs is discussed, and the use of satellites for direct broadcast into the closed societies that both VOA and RFE/RL strive to reach is evaluated. The creation of Radio Marti, an international broadcaster designed to beam its programming to Cuba, is discussed.

  6. 77 FR 32900 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  7. 77 FR 23203 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, MS

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, MS AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez... Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1....

  8. 75 FR 82279 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations AGENCY: Federal Communications... Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 As stated in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCASTING SERVICES 0 1....

  9. 77 FR 64946 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, Georgia

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, Georgia AGENCY: Federal Communications... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The authority...

  10. 75 FR 41123 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 . Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, OR AGENCY: Federal Communications... Radio, Radio broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The...

  11. 78 FR 36683 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, Mississippi

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, Mississippi AGENCY: Federal Communications... U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal...--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as follows:...

  12. 76 FR 67397 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant... Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1....

  13. 75 FR 63431 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1....

  14. 75 FR 76294 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Fairbanks, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Fairbanks, AK AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 For... follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for Part 73 continues to read...

  15. 77 FR 50630 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  16. 77 FR 64758 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... amends 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for...

  17. 78 FR 266 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications... Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal...--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as follows:...

  18. 77 FR 75946 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 . Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, CO AGENCY: Federal Communications... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant... Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1....

  19. 75 FR 62690 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Grants Pass, Oregon

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Grants Pass, Oregon AGENCY: Federal Communications...(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 For the reasons discussed...--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for Part 73 continues to read as follows:...

  20. 78 FR 4078 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-18

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  1. 77 FR 59882 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The authority...

  2. 77 FR 50053 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Peter H. Doyle, Chief, Audio... amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for...

  3. 75 FR 71044 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Onekama, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Onekama, MI AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Northern Radio of Michigan, Inc., in... CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the...

  4. 78 FR 12622 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-25

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... a first and/or second NCE radio service to 67.5 percent (21,149 persons) of the total population of... 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. ]...

  5. 75 FR 52872 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Blythe, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Blythe, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Prescott Valley Radio Broadcasting... Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio...

  6. 78 FR 42700 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications... broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio Division, Media...

  7. 77 FR 16800 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY AGENCY: Federal Communications... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio...

  8. 77 FR 58800 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Knox City, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Knox City, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. ] List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  9. 76 FR 36384 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Brackettville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... Making proposed the deletion of vacant Channel 234A at Brackettville. See 75 FR 4037, published January... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Brackettville, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications..., see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting....

  10. 78 FR 27342 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Moran, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Moran, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio...

  11. 76 FR 79112 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Milford, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Milford, UT AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio. Federal Communications...--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as follows:...

  12. 78 FR 21337 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART...

  13. 77 FR 62481 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, NM

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, NM AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART...

  14. 78 FR 32 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-02

    ... 27, 2012 decision. See 77 FR 50053, published August 20, 2012. The full text of this Commission... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission.... 8. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications...

  15. 76 FR 69222 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Altamont, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Altamont, OR AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The...

  16. 77 FR 52292 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-29

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  17. 78 FR 61251 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Heber Springs, Arkansas.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Heber Springs, Arkansas. AGENCY: Federal....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART...

  18. 77 FR 25112 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Centerville and Midway, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Centerville and Midway, TX AGENCY: Federal... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio...

  19. 77 FR 43216 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  20. 77 FR 64792 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  1. 78 FR 12010 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pearsall, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pearsall, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  2. Depression Radio Broadcast Dramas in the Canadian History Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chilcoat, George W.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Provides a lesson plan on the Great Depression in which students examine the social, economic, and political events of the period through a study of radio broadcasting. Describes an activity in which students research the era and create a radio broadcast. Outlines activity guidelines, radio language, and evaluation methods. (RW)

  3. Direct broadcast satellite-radio, receiver development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaisnys, A.; Bell, D.; Gevargiz, J.; Golshan, Nasser

    The status of the ongoing Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Receiver Development Task being performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology (JPL) is reported. This work is sponsored by the Voice of America/U.S. Information Agency through an agreement with NASA. The objective of this task is to develop, build, test, and demonstrate a prototype receiver that is compatible with reception of digital audio programs broadcast via satellites. The receiver is being designed to operate under a range of reception conditions, including fixed, portable, and mobile, as well as over a sufficiently wide range of bit rates to accommodate broadcasting systems with different cost/audio quality objectives. While the requirements on the receiver are complex, the eventual goal of the design effort is to make the design compatible with low cost production as a consumer product. One solution may be a basic low cost core design suitable for a majority of reception conditions, with optional enhancements for reception in especially difficult environments. Some of the receiver design parameters were established through analysis, laboratory tests, and a prototype satellite experiment accomplished in late 1991. Many of the necessary design trades will be made during the current simulation effort, while a few of the key design options will be incorporated into the prototype for evaluation during the planned satellite field trials.

  4. Direct broadcast satellite-radio, receiver development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vaisnys, A.; Bell, D.; Gevargiz, J.; Golshan, Nasser

    1993-01-01

    The status of the ongoing Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Receiver Development Task being performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology (JPL) is reported. This work is sponsored by the Voice of America/U.S. Information Agency through an agreement with NASA. The objective of this task is to develop, build, test, and demonstrate a prototype receiver that is compatible with reception of digital audio programs broadcast via satellites. The receiver is being designed to operate under a range of reception conditions, including fixed, portable, and mobile, as well as over a sufficiently wide range of bit rates to accommodate broadcasting systems with different cost/audio quality objectives. While the requirements on the receiver are complex, the eventual goal of the design effort is to make the design compatible with low cost production as a consumer product. One solution may be a basic low cost core design suitable for a majority of reception conditions, with optional enhancements for reception in especially difficult environments. Some of the receiver design parameters were established through analysis, laboratory tests, and a prototype satellite experiment accomplished in late 1991. Many of the necessary design trades will be made during the current simulation effort, while a few of the key design options will be incorporated into the prototype for evaluation during the planned satellite field trials.

  5. Radio Broadcasting for Adult Nonformal Environmental Education in Botswana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyirenda, Juma E.

    1995-01-01

    Radio broadcasting is used in Botswana to inform, teach, and persuade adults about issues in agriculture, health, wildlife, conservation, and other areas. However, open broadcasting is not an effective nonformal education tool. Active and guided group listening to radio enables discussion and feedback. (SK)

  6. Listenership of Radio Agricultural Broadcasts in Southwestern Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emmanuel, Adekoya Adegbenga; Olabode, Badiru Idris

    2012-01-01

    Agricultural broadcasts on radio play a major role in agricultural extension and rural development in Nigeria due to the low ratio of extension agents in relation to the farming population. The broadcasts have been on air for some time and therefore there is a need to investigate their acceptance among the rural dwellers in Southwestern Nigeria.…

  7. Using the Medium to Teach the Medium: Radio Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryland, Edwin H.

    Effective broadcast education should get students to perform professionally in broadcast situations with a minimum of guidance. To do this, class assignments should include either activities similar to commercial work or on-the-job experiences at the campus or local commercial radio stations. The possibilities for such activities and experiences…

  8. 77 FR 38761 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposal rule; dismissal. SUMMARY: The Audio Division dismisses the petition...

  9. 78 FR 42700 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations AGENCY: Federal Communications... the FM Table of Allotments. DATES: Effective July 17, 2013. ADDRESSES: Federal...

  10. 77 FR 76936 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio Division, Media Bureau. For the reasons...

  11. Low Cost Antennas for Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, T. K.; Huang, J.

    1994-01-01

    Two omni-directional and circularly polarized low gain antennas (the crossed drooping dipole and the TM(sub 21) mode circular patch antenna)are developed for direct broadcast satellite radio (DBSR) outdoor mobile terminal applications.

  12. 75 FR 52649 - Radio Broadcasting Services; DeBeque, Colorado

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ... substitution of Channel 247C3 for vacant Channel 275C3 at DeBeque, Colorado. See 75 FR 4036, published January... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 . Radio Broadcasting Services; DeBeque, Colorado AGENCY: Federal Communications... Congressional Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio,...

  13. 77 FR 2242 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  14. 76 FR 79113 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... FM Table of Allotments in MB Docket 05-210 (see 71 FR 76208, published December 20, 2006), but the... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Part 73 Radio. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio Division,...

  15. 76 FR 67375 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations AGENCY: Federal Communications... the new application procedures for radio stations to change their communities of license. However...)(A), because these allotments were previously reported. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73...

  16. 76 FR 49364 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, Madras, and Manzanita, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, Madras, and Manzanita, OR AGENCY: Federal... CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. James D. Bradshaw, Deputy... Communications Commission amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The...

  17. 78 FR 40402 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Roaring Springs, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-05

    ... of Allotments. See 69 FR 29241, published May 21, 2004. However, Channel 249A at Roaring Springs... Table of Allotments and Changes of Community of License in the Radio Broadcast Services, 71 FR 76208... Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Jesus B. Salazar, allots...

  18. 78 FR 73793 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Evart and Ludington, Michigan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ... FR 13125, March 26, 2009. The document solicits comment on whether vacant Channel 274A at Evart... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Evart and Ludington, Michigan AGENCY: Federal... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73...

  19. 75 FR 76294 - Radio Broadcasting Services: Pacific Junction, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... Junction, in overcoming objections raised by the FAA to the activation of this allotment. See 75 FR 30756... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services: Pacific Junction, IA AGENCY: Federal...

  20. 78 FR 11987 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Avalon, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... 67 FR 70018, November 20, 2002, is effective February 21, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For... 67 FR 70018, November 20, 2002. The final rule amended Sec. 73.622(b), Table of Allotments, under... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Avalon, California AGENCY: Federal...

  1. 76 FR 12292 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Kualapuu, HI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Kualapuu, HI AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Kemp Communications, Inc., allots...

  2. 78 FR 25591 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, New Mexico

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, New Mexico AGENCY: Federal Communications... transmission service at Crownpoint, New Mexico. (The symbol `` '' will be used to denote a channel reserved as... under New Mexico, is amended by adding Crownpoint, Channel 297A. BILLING CODE 6712-01-P...

  3. 78 FR 71557 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tohatchi, New Mexico

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-29

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tohatchi, New Mexico AGENCY: Federal Communications... Rules, by allotting FM Channel 268C2, Tohatchi, New Mexico, as a first local service under the Tribal... 0 2. Section 73.202(b), the Table of FM Allotments under New Mexico, is amended by adding...

  4. 78 FR 3877 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ AGENCY: Federal Communications... the Hualapai Tribe, proposing to amend the Table of Allotments by allotting Channel 265A at Peach... second potential service at Peach Springs. Channel 265A can be allotted at Peach Springs, Arizona,...

  5. 75 FR 3694 - Radio Broadcasting Services, Peach Springs, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services, Peach Springs, Arizona AGENCY: Federal Communications... Media Licenses, LLC, proposing the allotment of FM Channel 281C3 at Peach Springs, Arizona. The reference coordinates for Channel 281C3 at Peach Springs are 35-33-46 NL and 113-27-12 WL. DATES:...

  6. 78 FR 27306 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dermott, Arkansas, and Cleveland, Mississippi

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Dermott, Arkansas, and Cleveland, Mississippi AGENCY... Delta Radio Network, LLC, substitutes FM Channel 224A for 289A at Dermott, Arkansas, and substitutes FM... CFR part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez,...

  7. 76 FR 15857 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Early and Lake Brownwood, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Early and Lake Brownwood, TX AGENCY: Federal... the Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List Of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio... CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for Part...

  8. Facilitating disaster preparedness through local radio broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Romo-Murphy, Eila; James, Ross; Adams, Mike

    2011-10-01

    The 2008 Disaster Mitigation Preparedness (DMP) study took place in Aceh province, Indonesia. It sought to help develop radio programmes and messages to increase resilience to disasters. The role of radio was evaluated during and after the 2004 Asian tsunami disaster. The study team interviewed 984 tsunami survivors from nine sub-districts of Banda Aceh, and local nongovernmental organisations convened eight focus groups around the area of Aceh Besar. Six key informant interviews were held with government disaster management agencies. The DMP survey is the first of its kind to interview a representative random sample of Banda Aceh residents. It reveals the importance of community and social networks, during disaster situations, when essential communications are down. A disaster warning information system based on a multi-media approach needs to be developed. The wider community should be involved in the planning, education and training of Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar residents to facilitate appropriate personal and community survival strategies.

  9. 77 FR 66743 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crowell, Knox City, Quanah, and Rule, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... MM Docket No. 00-148 are considered final. See Quanah, Texas, et al, 76 FR 42573, published July 19... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crowell, Knox City, Quanah, and Rule, TX AGENCY... in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa...

  10. Direct broadcast satellite-radio, space-segment/receiver tradeoffs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1993-01-01

    The balance between receiver complexity and the required satellite equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP) for Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) service is addressed. In general the required receiver complexity and cost can be reduced at the expense of higher space-segment cost by allowing a higher satellite EIRP. The tradeoff outcome is sensitive to the total number of anticipated receivers in a given service area, the number of audio programs, and the required audio quality. An understanding of optimum choice of satellite EIRP for DBS-R under various service requirements is a critical issue at this time when International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR) is soliciting input in preparation for the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) planning conference for the service.

  11. The Institutional Context of Industry Consolidation: Radio Broadcasting in the United States, 1920-1934

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lippmann, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    Shortly after the first commercial radio broadcast in 1920, the medium's popularity exploded and the number of stations on the dial grew tremendously. By 1930, however, a mere 10 years after the first radio broadcast occurred, the industry was dominated by large, commercial stations who sold advertising time in a variety of forms and were operated…

  12. Digital Audio Radio Broadcast Systems Laboratory Testing Nearly Complete

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Radio history continues to be made at the NASA Lewis Research Center with the completion of phase one of the digital audio radio (DAR) testing conducted by the Consumer Electronics Group of the Electronic Industries Association. This satellite, satellite/terrestrial, and terrestrial digital technology will open up new audio broadcasting opportunities both domestically and worldwide. It will significantly improve the current quality of amplitude-modulated/frequency-modulated (AM/FM) radio with a new digitally modulated radio signal and will introduce true compact-disc-quality (CD-quality) sound for the first time. Lewis is hosting the laboratory testing of seven proposed digital audio radio systems and modes. Two of the proposed systems operate in two modes each, making a total of nine systems being tested. The nine systems are divided into the following types of transmission: in-band on-channel (IBOC), in-band adjacent-channel (IBAC), and new bands. The laboratory testing was conducted by the Consumer Electronics Group of the Electronic Industries Association. Subjective assessments of the audio recordings for each of the nine systems was conducted by the Communications Research Center in Ottawa, Canada, under contract to the Electronic Industries Association. The Communications Research Center has the only CCIR-qualified (Consultative Committee for International Radio) audio testing facility in North America. The main goals of the U.S. testing process are to (1) provide technical data to the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) so that it can establish a standard for digital audio receivers and transmitters and (2) provide the receiver and transmitter industries with the proper standards upon which to build their equipment. In addition, the data will be forwarded to the International Telecommunications Union to help in the establishment of international standards for digital audio receivers and transmitters, thus allowing U.S. manufacturers to compete in the

  13. [Evaluation of medication advertising broadcast on radio stations].

    PubMed

    Batista, Almária Mariz; Carvalho, Maria Cleide Ribeiro Dantas de

    2013-02-01

    The scope of this paper was to evaluate advertising for medication broadcast on radio stations in Natal, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from April to September 2008 and from April to September 2010. The advertising was recorded and transcribed in order to conduct legal analysis and content analysis based on the precepts of Laurence Bardin. Both the advertising recorded during the first stage (regulated by RDC 102/00) and the second stage (regulated by RDC 96/08) contained some form of legal violation. Content analysis detected practically the same violations in both stages, namely the lack of information regarding adverse effects of the medication, appeal to consumption, exaggeration of efficiency/effectiveness and abusive exploitation of illness. Despite the inclusion of more modern and restrictive legislation, radio advertising continues to violate the law blatantly, committing abuse and disrespecting the population's entitlement to good health. The study reveals the need for medication advertising to be dealt with in a broader context, in other words to be treated as a public health concern. It must take into consideration the socio-historical scenario in which it evolved, since the legislation alone is insufficient to combat abuse committed to the detriment of public health.

  14. [Evaluation of medication advertising broadcast on radio stations].

    PubMed

    Batista, Almária Mariz; Carvalho, Maria Cleide Ribeiro Dantas de

    2013-02-01

    The scope of this paper was to evaluate advertising for medication broadcast on radio stations in Natal, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from April to September 2008 and from April to September 2010. The advertising was recorded and transcribed in order to conduct legal analysis and content analysis based on the precepts of Laurence Bardin. Both the advertising recorded during the first stage (regulated by RDC 102/00) and the second stage (regulated by RDC 96/08) contained some form of legal violation. Content analysis detected practically the same violations in both stages, namely the lack of information regarding adverse effects of the medication, appeal to consumption, exaggeration of efficiency/effectiveness and abusive exploitation of illness. Despite the inclusion of more modern and restrictive legislation, radio advertising continues to violate the law blatantly, committing abuse and disrespecting the population's entitlement to good health. The study reveals the need for medication advertising to be dealt with in a broader context, in other words to be treated as a public health concern. It must take into consideration the socio-historical scenario in which it evolved, since the legislation alone is insufficient to combat abuse committed to the detriment of public health. PMID:23358781

  15. THE EFFECTS ON LEARNING OF STRUCTURAL DRILLS IN SPANISH BROADCAST VIA HIGH FREQUENCY AM RADIO.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    COOK, H. ROBERT

    RADIO BROADCASTS AND PERSONAL RECEIVERS FOR EACH STUDENT WERE USED IN A SPECIALLY ADAPTED SPANISH LANGUAGE PROGRAM. THE BROADCASTS CONSISTED OF SPANISH DRILLS AND A LIMITED AMOUNT OF TEXT MATERIAL PROGRAMED IN A STIMULUS-RESPONSE PATTERN. EACH SET OF DRILLS LASTED AN AVERAGE OF 15 MINUTES AND WAS REPEATED CONTINUOUSLY THROUGHOUT A 15-HOUR…

  16. Sex and Broadcasting; A Handbook on Starting a Radio Station for the Community. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milam, Lorenzo W.

    "Broadcasting as it exists now in the United States is a pitiful, unmitigated whore." That ribald statement indicates the point-of-view and basic theme of this anti-establishment booklet designed to provide the basic information necessary for anyone or any group wanting to gain access to FM radio (primarily the educational broadcasting portion of…

  17. Socio-Economic Aspects of National Communication Systems: III. Radio Broadcasting in Venezuela. Communication and Society, 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capriles, Oswaldo; And Others

    The third in a series that examines the role of radio broadcasting in the process of socioeconomic and cultural change in three countries with different types of broadcasting organization--Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Venezuela--this volume focuses on Venezuela. An overview of radio broadcasting in Venezuela describes various aspects and provides…

  18. Multichannel broadcast based on home channel for cognitive radio sensor networks.

    PubMed

    Zeng, Fanzi; Tang, Yuting; Pu, Jianjie

    2014-01-01

    Considering the limited resources and the dynamic spectrum distribution in the cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSN), a half-duplex Multichannel broadcast protocol for CRSN is presented based on the home channel. This protocol maintains the networks topology only through the home channel, so there is no need for the public channel to transmit the control information and no need for the synchronization. After network initialization, node broadcasts data via home channel in half-duplex transmission way. The simulation results show that, compared with complete broadcast, the proposed protocol effectively reduces broadcast delay and overhead. PMID:25161397

  19. Multichannel broadcast based on home channel for cognitive radio sensor networks.

    PubMed

    Zeng, Fanzi; Tang, Yuting; Pu, Jianjie

    2014-01-01

    Considering the limited resources and the dynamic spectrum distribution in the cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSN), a half-duplex Multichannel broadcast protocol for CRSN is presented based on the home channel. This protocol maintains the networks topology only through the home channel, so there is no need for the public channel to transmit the control information and no need for the synchronization. After network initialization, node broadcasts data via home channel in half-duplex transmission way. The simulation results show that, compared with complete broadcast, the proposed protocol effectively reduces broadcast delay and overhead.

  20. Multichannel Broadcast Based on Home Channel for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Fanzi; Tang, Yuting; Pu, Jianjie

    2014-01-01

    Considering the limited resources and the dynamic spectrum distribution in the cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSN), a half-duplex Multichannel broadcast protocol for CRSN is presented based on the home channel. This protocol maintains the networks topology only through the home channel, so there is no need for the public channel to transmit the control information and no need for the synchronization. After network initialization, node broadcasts data via home channel in half-duplex transmission way. The simulation results show that, compared with complete broadcast, the proposed protocol effectively reduces broadcast delay and overhead. PMID:25161397

  1. Radio/TV Programs: A Broadcasters' View. A Pilot Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiser, John C.

    A survey was undertaken to determine the opinion of local broadcasters on the effectiveness of broadcast education to prepare students for jobs in the industry. Based on 55 questionnaires and 21 interviews of station directors and managers, it was determined that the industry preferred college educated employees whose education emphasized public…

  2. 76 FR 55388 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-07

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: CBS Radio East Inc., Station WLZL, Facility ID 72177, BPH-20110812ACL, from Annapolis, MD, to Bowie, MD; Indiana Community Radio Corporation, Station WYER, Facility ID 173401, BPED- 20110705AAO, from Carmi, IL, To Albion, IL; Mount Wilson FM Broadcasters, Inc., Station NEW, Facility ID 183343,......

  3. 75 FR 1621 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... ELDON, MO, To ST. THOMAS, MO; COX RADIO, INC., Station WALR-FM, Facility ID 48728, BPH-20091124ABA,...

  4. Native Radio Broadcasting in North America: An Overview of Systems in the United States and Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bruce L.; Brigham, Jerry C.

    1992-01-01

    Describes a study that examined the development of Native American (i.e., Indian, Inuit or Eskimo, and Aleut) radio broadcasting in Canada and the United States. Underlying cultural concerns are discussed, funding sources are explored, and further research is suggested. A directory of Native American radio stations in the United States is…

  5. Marguerite V. Hood and Music Education Radio Broadcasts in Rural Montana (1937-39)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Shelly

    2005-01-01

    The impact of the radio in the 1930s can be compared to the force of change in people's lives today caused by current technology. Marguerite V. Hood (1903-92), a recognized leader in the music education profession during the 1930s, understood the importance of music education radio broadcasts for rural one-room schools and music education classes.…

  6. Socio-Economic Aspects of National Communication Systems: II. Radio Broadcasting in Czechoslovakia. Communication and Society, 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunzlova, Alice; Slovak, Leopold

    The second in a series that examines the role of radio broadcasting in the process of socioeconomic and cultural change in three countries with different types of broadcasting organization--Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Venezuela--this volume focuses on Czechoslovakia. It deals with the cultural implications of broadcasting structures and their…

  7. 78 FR 26739 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-08

    ... filed by S and H Broadcasting, LLC, proposing the substitution of Channel 228C2 for vacant Channel 286C2... coordinates are 33-36-54 NL and 114-24-14 WL. Channel 228C2 at Ehrenberg is located within 320 kilometers...

  8. Radio Broadcasting; An Introduction to the Sound Medium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilliard, Robert L., Ed.

    Intended as a basic text for the student, teacher, or professional, this book covers several major aspects of broadcasting. The section on programming suggests ways to capture the audience desired by the station. Job functions of studio personnel are explored. Operating and studio facilities, including microphones, tape recorders, records,…

  9. International law gives states right to jam foreign radio broadcasts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Timofeyeva, G.

    1984-02-01

    A series of documents was adopted by the UN and UNESCO emphasizing attention on the need to use the mass information media in the interest of peace, detente, development of international cooperation and against the arms race. The role of jamming foreign broadcasts as an aid to maintaining internal order was discussed.

  10. 78 FR 56170 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Magnolia, Arkansas; and Oil City, Louisiana

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-12

    ..., See 70 FR 19337, April 13, 2005. In the Memorandum Opinion and Order, the Bureau affirmed the grant...-existing Tuck test. See 69 FR 8333, February 24, 2004. On review, the Commission finds that the Bureau did... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Magnolia, Arkansas; and Oil City, Louisiana...

  11. 78 FR 53054 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Chillicothe, Dublin, Hillsboro, and Marion, Ohio

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ... Dublin, Ohio, over the objection of the Committee. See 70 FR 19337 (April 13, 2005). The Committee had... ground, and the Bureau denied the petition in the Memorandum Opinion and Order. See 71 FR 40927 (July 19... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Chillicothe, Dublin, Hillsboro, and Marion,...

  12. 76 FR 31961 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... August 1, 2011. ADDRESSES: Federal Communications Commission, 445 Twelfth Street, SW., Washington,...

  13. 77 FR 33217 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-05

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445 12th Street SW., Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone...

  14. 77 FR 4817 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... and Printing, Inc., 445 12th Street SW., Room CY-B402, Washington, DC, 20554, telephone 1-(800)...

  15. 75 FR 74732 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., BPH-20101108AAZ, from Elizabethtown, NC, to Rennert, NC; Entravision Holdings, LLC, Station...

  16. 75 FR 63475 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change..., From CRAIGSVILLE, WV, To WEBSTER SPRINGS, WV; ENTRAVISION HOLDINGS, LLC, Station KVVA-FM, Facility...

  17. 76 FR 65192 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ... COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change... 1-800-378-3160 or http://www.BCPIWEB.com . Federal Communications Commission. James D....

  18. 77 FR 2242 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg, and Williams, AZ...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 [MB Docket No. 08-85; RM-11427, RM-11517, RM-11518, RM-11519; DA 11- 2059] Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg, and Williams, AZ, and Needles,...

  19. 76 FR 44279 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Clinchco, VA, and Coal Run, KY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ... the Commission's rules. See 72 FR 16315 (April 4, 2007). The staff reversed the Report and Order...), the FM Table of Allotments. See 69 FR 51414 (August 19, 2004). As a result of changes to the... the Radio Broadcast Services, Report and Order, 71 FR 76208 (December 20, 2006). This document is...

  20. 77 FR 66839 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License AGENCY: Federal.../prod/cdbs_pa.htm . A copy of this application may also be purchased from the Commission's...

  1. 77 FR 45352 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal... also be purchased from the Commission's duplicating contractor, Best Copy and Printing, Inc., 445...

  2. 75 FR 36393 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal.../cdbs_pa.htm . A copy of this application may also be purchased from the Commission's...

  3. 76 FR 2382 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: Educational Radio for the Public of the New Millennium, Station WRJI, Facility ID 93884, BPED-20101126AAP, From East Greenwich, RI, to Providence, RI; Franciscan University of Steubenville, Station NEW, Facility ID 171722, BMPED-20101129APH, From Hopedale, OH, To Wintersville, OH; Grace Broadcasting Services,......

  4. 77 FR 16800 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dermott, AR, and Cleveland, MS

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Dermott, AR, and Cleveland, MS AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: This document sets forth a proposal to amend the...

  5. Turning History into a Radio Program: Broadcast Interns and the National Archives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novak, Glenn D.

    Most broadcast educators realize the importance of experiential learning as a tool for preparing students for careers in radio and television. An innovative new program was set up between West Georgia College and the Atlanta Branch of the National Archives. A pilot project involved six teams of two students each in a scriptwriting class. Students…

  6. Localism in Western European Radio Broadcasting: Untangling the Wireless.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCain, Thomas A.; Lowe, G. Ferrell

    1990-01-01

    Provides an overview of the local radio phenomenon in Western European countries. Examines opportunities for access, control, and economic realities for three types of local radio (national, independent, and community), each of which was influenced in some fashion by illegal pirate stations. (KEH)

  7. Radio frequency nonionizing radiation in a community exposed to radio and television broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Burch, James B; Clark, Maggie; Yost, Michael G; Fitzpatrick, Cole T E; Bachand, Annette M; Ramaprasad, Jaya; Reif, John S

    2006-02-01

    Exposure to radio frequency (RF) nonionizing radiation from telecommunications is pervasive in modern society. Elevated disease risks have been observed in some populations exposed to radio and television transmissions, although findings are inconsistent. This study quantified RF exposures among 280 residents living near the broadcasting transmitters for Denver, Colorado. RF power densities outside and inside each residence were obtained, and a global positioning system (GPS) identified geographic coordinates and elevations. A view-shed model within a geographic information system (GIS) characterized the average distance and percentage of transmitters visible from each residence. Data were collected at the beginning and end of a 2.5-day period, and some measurements were repeated 8-29 months later. RF levels logged at 1-min intervals for 2.5 days varied considerably among some homes and were quite similar among others. The greatest differences appeared among homes within 1 km of the transmitters. Overall, there were no differences in mean residential RF levels compared over 2.5 days. However, after a 1- to 2-year follow-up, only 25% of exterior and 38% of interior RF measurements were unchanged. Increasing proximity, elevation, and line-of-sight visibility were each associated with elevated RF exposures. At average distances from > 1-3 km, exterior RF measurements were 13-30 times greater among homes that had > 50% of the transmitters visible compared with homes with < or = 50% visibility at those distances. This study demonstrated that both spatial and temporal factors contribute to residential RF exposure and that GPS/GIS technologies can improve RF exposure assessment and reduce exposure misclassification.

  8. Radio frequency nonionizing radiation in a community exposed to radio and television broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Burch, James B; Clark, Maggie; Yost, Michael G; Fitzpatrick, Cole T E; Bachand, Annette M; Ramaprasad, Jaya; Reif, John S

    2006-02-01

    Exposure to radio frequency (RF) nonionizing radiation from telecommunications is pervasive in modern society. Elevated disease risks have been observed in some populations exposed to radio and television transmissions, although findings are inconsistent. This study quantified RF exposures among 280 residents living near the broadcasting transmitters for Denver, Colorado. RF power densities outside and inside each residence were obtained, and a global positioning system (GPS) identified geographic coordinates and elevations. A view-shed model within a geographic information system (GIS) characterized the average distance and percentage of transmitters visible from each residence. Data were collected at the beginning and end of a 2.5-day period, and some measurements were repeated 8-29 months later. RF levels logged at 1-min intervals for 2.5 days varied considerably among some homes and were quite similar among others. The greatest differences appeared among homes within 1 km of the transmitters. Overall, there were no differences in mean residential RF levels compared over 2.5 days. However, after a 1- to 2-year follow-up, only 25% of exterior and 38% of interior RF measurements were unchanged. Increasing proximity, elevation, and line-of-sight visibility were each associated with elevated RF exposures. At average distances from > 1-3 km, exterior RF measurements were 13-30 times greater among homes that had > 50% of the transmitters visible compared with homes with < or = 50% visibility at those distances. This study demonstrated that both spatial and temporal factors contribute to residential RF exposure and that GPS/GIS technologies can improve RF exposure assessment and reduce exposure misclassification. PMID:16451862

  9. Broadcast Services; Evolution of Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    The structure, history, technology and especially regulation of broadcasting in general are summarized in this Federal Communication Commission (FCC) information bulletin. Further specifics of history, technology, structure and regulation are presented for AM radio, FM radio, television, educational broadcasting, and broadcast relay by satellite.…

  10. Pancreatic cancer in broadcast (radio and radar) technicians

    SciTech Connect

    Zaret, M.M. )

    1990-02-26

    Increasingly, the authors have accumulated knowledge demonstrating the potential mutagenic action of nonionizing radiation in humans, from birth defects like Down's syndrome through cancers like leukemia; additionally, viable concepts of etiological mechanisms have been presented. This study adds a new category of mutagenesis, pancreatic cancer in radio and radar repairmen, and provides a rationale for understanding one of the theoretical biochemical pathways. This was achieved by analyzing the unique exposure factors in a small, but select, cluster of pancreatic cancer cases where the occupational history of repeated exposures to radiofrequency irradiation not only occurred, but also was documented to have been at harmful intensities by the additional medical finding of capsular cataract, here serving as a biological dosimeter.

  11. A Broadcast Channel Assignment Mechanism based on The Broadcast Tree for Multi-radio Multi-channel Wireless Mesh Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Yan; Zeng, Yingzhi

    2016-02-01

    This paper proposed a broadcast Channel Assignment Mechanism on base of optimized Broadcast Tree for wireless Mesh network (WMN), which is created by Branch and Bound Method. The simulations show that our algorithm not only reduces the broadcast redundancy but also avoids the potential channel interferences produced by unnecessary relay nodes.

  12. Direct broadcast satellite-radio market, legal, regulatory, and business considerations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sood, Des R.

    1991-03-01

    A Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) System offers the prospect of delivering high quality audio broadcasts to large audiences at costs lower than or comparable to those incurred using the current means of broadcasting. The maturation of mobile communications technologies, and advances in microelectronics and digital signal processing now make it possible to bring this technology to the marketplace. Heightened consumer interest in improved audio quality coupled with the technological and economic feasibility of meeting this demand via DBS-R make it opportune to start planning for implementation of DBS-R Systems. NASA-Lewis and the Voice of America as part of their on-going efforts to improve the quality of international audio broadcasts, have undertaken a number of tasks to more clearly define the technical, marketing, organizational, legal, and regulatory issues underlying implementation of DBS-R Systems. The results and an assessment is presented of the business considerations underlying the construction, launch, and operation of DBS-R Systems.

  13. Direct broadcast satellite-radio market, legal, regulatory, and business considerations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sood, Des R.

    1991-01-01

    A Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) System offers the prospect of delivering high quality audio broadcasts to large audiences at costs lower than or comparable to those incurred using the current means of broadcasting. The maturation of mobile communications technologies, and advances in microelectronics and digital signal processing now make it possible to bring this technology to the marketplace. Heightened consumer interest in improved audio quality coupled with the technological and economic feasibility of meeting this demand via DBS-R make it opportune to start planning for implementation of DBS-R Systems. NASA-Lewis and the Voice of America as part of their on-going efforts to improve the quality of international audio broadcasts, have undertaken a number of tasks to more clearly define the technical, marketing, organizational, legal, and regulatory issues underlying implementation of DBS-R Systems. The results and an assessment is presented of the business considerations underlying the construction, launch, and operation of DBS-R Systems.

  14. Broadcasting of radio programmes by satellite direct to portable/vehicle receivers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaplin, J.; Fromm, H.-H.; Rosetti, C.

    1984-02-01

    The technical and economic feasibility of direct satellite broadcast of sound radio to portable receivers is evaluated, with a focus on coverage of rural areas in Africa. The need for improved coverage is indicated, and the cost of the terrestrial alternative (a network of solar-powered VHF/FM transmitters) is estimated as about one million dollars/year (spread over 10 yrs) for a country like kenya. The satellite system recommended uses the 0.5-2.0-GHz UHF band, a large satellite with a 10-m-diameter antenna and at least 100-W power (perhaps a multichannel satellite serving several countries or providing both direct-broadcast and trunk-communications functions), and portable or car receivers comprising a standard VHF/FM radio plus a UHF/VHF converter and a printed-Yagi or slot-dipole antenna. It is argued that the satellite system can be economically competitive with the terrestrial network and provide more reliable service. Allocation of orbital positions and frequencies for sond broadcasting is scheduled for consideration at the next WARC, ORB-85 in August 1985.

  15. Public Radio and Television Audiences, Report 1; The Roper Surveys: A CPB (Corporation of Public Broadcasting) Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC. Office of Communication Research.

    This report, one of two investigations into the use of public television and radio requested by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and prepared by their Office of Communication Research, compares the demographic characteristics of the public-television viewer and the public-radio listener. Data gathered in the 1976 Roper Reports, which…

  16. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite - Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) at 62 deg West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  17. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) satellite at 62 deg. West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  18. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite - Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) satellite at 62 deg West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  19. [Lights and shadows in the radio-television broadcasting on medical informations].

    PubMed

    Picardi, Nicola

    2006-01-01

    Some actual difficulties in the medical praxis, arising and growing in the social environment, and well known to the operating physicians and surgeons, should stimulate a careful analysis of the situation in search of the more likely causes and to draw the more suitable remedy. One of them certainly is the constant, and sometimes invading, presence of radio-television broadcasting in the all day life of everybody of more o less deepened programs inherent to themes of health. It is of the utmost importance to think over the topic, especially in order to evaluate the positive and negative aspects of the impact of radio and television media on the sensibility of the patients and in order to reflect on their reactions, and as a reflex on the professional behaviour of the physicians and surgeons, with all the lights and shadows.

  20. [Lights and shadows in the radio-television broadcasting on medical informations].

    PubMed

    Picardi, Nicola

    2006-01-01

    Some actual difficulties in the medical praxis, arising and growing in the social environment, and well known to the operating physicians and surgeons, should stimulate a careful analysis of the situation in search of the more likely causes and to draw the more suitable remedy. One of them certainly is the constant, and sometimes invading, presence of radio-television broadcasting in the all day life of everybody of more o less deepened programs inherent to themes of health. It is of the utmost importance to think over the topic, especially in order to evaluate the positive and negative aspects of the impact of radio and television media on the sensibility of the patients and in order to reflect on their reactions, and as a reflex on the professional behaviour of the physicians and surgeons, with all the lights and shadows. PMID:17343241

  1. Direct broadcast satellite-radio: Portable and mobile reception trade-offs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1991-01-01

    There has been considerable international effort in the areas of system studies, system development, and regulatory work for a Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio (DBS-R). An important milestone will be the 1992 World Radio Administrative Conference (WARC 1992) consideration of frequency allocation in the 500 - 3000 MHz range for such a service. There is an interagency agreement between Voice of America and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for a coordinated program in DBS-R. This program includes seven tasks: systems tradeoff studies, propagation measurements, satellite experiment and demonstration, receiver development, market studies, regulatory studies, and WARC preparations. The findings of ongoing work under the first task, systems tradeoff studies, are discussed. Topics covered include digital bit rate and audio quality, propagation considerations and link margin estimates for portable reception, link margin estimates for mobile reception, coverage, and satellite size and cost estimates for a regional DBS-R coverage example.

  2. [A series of radio broadcasts of the French School Radio devoted to Pharmacy in 1966].

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, Thierry

    2015-03-01

    In December 1966, the French School Radio devoted three of its emissions to Pharmacy. Found in the archives of the National Center for Educational Documentation (CNDP), those short programs resumed life.

  3. 75 FR 13761 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...-20100205ABG, From MERIDIAN, MS, To DECATUR, MS; BRAHMIN BROADCASTING CORPORATION, Station KPAD, Facility ID 166006, BPH-20100127AAK, From WHEATLAND, WY, To RAWLINS, WY; BRAHMIN BROADCASTING CORPORATION,...

  4. 78 FR 73109 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK; Rule and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-05

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK... at De Beque, Colorado; Channel 237C3 at Benjamin, Texas; Channel 261C3 at Cisco, Texas; Channel 288C2..., Channel 237C3; by removing Cisco, Channel 261C3; by removing Channel 288C2 at Rule; and by...

  5. 78 FR 42036 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Port Lions, AK, De Beque, CO, Benjamin, Cisco, Rule, and Shamrock, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Port Lions, AK, De Beque, CO, Benjamin, Cisco, Rule... 237C3; Cisco, Channel 261C3; Rule, Channel 288C2; and Shamrock, Channel 225C2. BILLING CODE 6712-01-P...

  6. 76 FR 62330 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alamo, GA; Alton, MO; Boscobel, WI; Buffalo, OK; Cove, AR; Clayton...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Alamo, GA; Alton, MO; Boscobel, WI; Buffalo, OK; Cove, AR; Clayton, LA; Daisy, AR; Ennis, MT; Erick, OK; Grayville, IL; Harrison, MI; Haworth, OK;...

  7. 77 FR 42672 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... allotted in MM Docket No. 97-34. See Saint Paul, Arkansas, 62 FR 65765, published December 16, 1997... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR;...

  8. Magnetic fields of AM band radio broadcast signals at theRichmond Fiel d Station

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, Alex; Frangos, William

    1998-12-01

    Non-invasive sensing of the shallow subsurface is necessary for detection and delineation of buried hazardous wastes, monitoring of the condition of clay containment caps, and a variety of other purposes. Electromagnetic methods have proven to be effective in environmental site characterization where there is a need for increased resolution in subsurface characterization. Two considerations strongly suggest the use of frequencies between 100 kHz and 100 MHz for such applications: 1) the induction response of many targets is small due to small size, and 2) a need to determine both the electrical conductivity and dielectric permittivity which are related to chemistry and hydrology. Modeling and physical parameter studies confirm that measurements at frequencies between 1 and 100 MHz can resolve variations in subsurface conductivity and permittivity. To provide the necessary technology for shallow subsurface investigations, we propose to exploit the concept of electromagnetic impedance, the ratio of orthogonal horizontal electric and magnetic fields. Prior to assembling the equipment for measuring surface impedance using controlled, local source it was felt prudent to measure the surface impedance of geological materials at the University of California at Berkeley's Richmond Field (RFS) using ambient energy in the broadcast band. As a first step toward this intermediate goal, we have examined and characterized local AM band radio signals in terms of both signal strength and polarization of the magnetic component as received at RFS. In addition, we have established the viability of a commercial radio-frequency magnetic sensor.

  9. 75 FR 20597 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-20

    ... 165378, BPH-20100312AAQ, From MASON, TX, To HUNT, TX; RINCON BROADCASTING LS LLC, Station KIST- FM, Facility ID 31434, BPH-20100301ADV, From SANTA BARBARA, CA, To CARPINTERIA, CA; RINCON BROADCASTING LS...

  10. 77 FR 62512 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-15

    ..., Facility ID 24146, BP-20120921AET, From ST. STEPHEN, SC, To SAINT STEPHEN, SC; OHANA BROADCAST COMPANY LLC... BROADCAST COMPANY LLC, Station KQNG, Facility ID 58938, BP-20120822AAP, From LIHUE, HI, To ELEELE, HI; ROY...

  11. [Exposure to VHF and UHF electromagnetic fields among workers employed in radio and TV broadcast centers. I. Assessment of exposure].

    PubMed

    Zmyślony, M; Aniołczyk, H; Bortkiewicz, A

    2001-01-01

    Nowadays, radio and television have become one of the areas of the human technical activity that develops most rapidly. Also ultra-short waves of VHF (30-300 MHz) and UHF (0.3-3 GHz) bands have proved to be the most important carriers of radio and TV-programs. In Poland, a network of radio and TV broadcast centers (RTCN) with high (over 200 m) masts was set up in the 1960s and 1970s. These centers concentrate the majority of stations broadcasting national and local programs (for areas within the RTCN range). At present, the RTCN established several decades ago are equally important. The assessment of the exposure to electromagnetic fields among workers of multi-program broadcast stations is complicated and feasible only to a certain degree of approximation because of changing conditions of exposure in individual stations during their long history, resulting from the changing numbers and types of transmitters installed. In this work, the method of retrospective estimation of exposure dose is described, and the results of the assessment carried out at three kinds of typical RTCN are discussed. The results of the analysis indicate that the workers of RTCN are exposed primarily to electromagnetic fields of VHF and UHF bands, but this exposure may be considered as admissible, hence it should not exert an adverse effect on the workers' health. PMID:11828845

  12. Novel hysteretic noisy chaotic neural network for broadcast scheduling problems in packet radio networks.

    PubMed

    Sun, Ming; Zhao, Lin; Cao, Wei; Xu, Yaoqun; Dai, Xuefeng; Wang, Xiaoxu

    2010-09-01

    Noisy chaotic neural network (NCNN), which can exhibit stochastic chaotic simulated annealing (SCSA), has been proven to be a powerful tool in solving combinatorial optimization problems. In order to retain the excellent optimization property of SCSA and improve the optimization performance of the NCNN using hysteretic dynamics without increasing network parameters, we first construct an equivalent model of the NCNN and then control noises in the equivalent model to propose a novel hysteretic noisy chaotic neural network (HNCNN). Compared with the NCNN, the proposed HNCNN can exhibit both SCSA and hysteretic dynamics without introducing extra system parameters, and can increase the effective convergence toward optimal or near-optimal solutions at higher noise levels. Broadcast scheduling problem (BSP) in packet radio networks (PRNs) is to design an optimal time-division multiple-access (TDMA) frame structure with minimal frame length, maximal channel utilization, and minimal average time delay. In this paper, the proposed HNCNN is applied to solve BSP in PRNs to demonstrate its performance. Simulation results show that the proposed HNCNN with higher noise amplitudes is more likely to find an optimal or near-optimal TDMA frame structure with a minimal average time delay than previous algorithms.

  13. 47 CFR 73.1700 - Broadcast day.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcast day. 73.1700 Section 73.1700 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1700 Broadcast day. The term broadcast day means...

  14. Using Language Broadcasts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Brian; Barley, Anthony

    1977-01-01

    Various ways to use foreign language radio broadcasts in comprehension practice, speaking practice, and written work are outlined. BBC and other broadcasts in several languages are listed and annotated as to age level and topics. (CHK)

  15. Options in Education, Program No. 84, July 4, 1977. The Critics Revisited. Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    The document is a transcript of the radio program, "Options in Education," for the week of July 4, 1977. Broadcast by member stations of the National Public Radio System, the program is an electronic weekly magazine devoted to the coverage of news, features, policy, and people in the field of education. The issues highlighted in this program…

  16. 75 FR 66098 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ..., From WHEATLAND, WY, To THE BUTTES, WY; NETWORK OF GLORY, INC., Station WJGS, Facility ID 172173, BMPED..., Facility ID 60099, BPH-20101004ACN, From WESTERVILLE, OH, To RIVERLEA, OH; SAN JOAQUIN BROADCASTING...

  17. Robust Radio Broadcast Monitoring Using a Multi-Band Spectral Entropy Signature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camarena-Ibarrola, Antonio; Chávez, Edgar; Tellez, Eric Sadit

    Monitoring media broadcast content has deserved a lot of attention lately from both academy and industry due to the technical challenge involved and its economic importance (e.g. in advertising). The problem pose a unique challenge from the pattern recognition point of view because a very high recognition rate is needed under non ideal conditions. The problem consist in comparing a small audio sequence (the commercial ad) with a large audio stream (the broadcast) searching for matches.

  18. Overview of techniques for mitigation of fading and shadowing in the direct broadcast satellite radio environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bell, David; Gevargiz, John; Vaisnys, Arvydas; Julian, David

    1995-01-01

    The DBS radio propagation environment is divided into three sub-environments, indoor, rural-suburban mobile and urban mobile. Indoor propagation effects are in a large part determined by construction material. Non-metallic materials afford direct, albeit attenuated penetration of the satellite signal with a minimum of multipath signal scattering. Signal penetration into structures using significant metallic materials is often indirect, through openings such as doors and windows and propagation will involve significant multipath components. Even so, delay spread in many situations is on the order of 10's of nanoseconds resulting in relatively flat fading. Thus frequency diversity techniques such as Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) or equalization techniques do not realize their intended performance enhancement. Antenna diversity, directivity and placement are key mitigation techniques for the indoor environment. In the Rural-Suburban mobile environment with elevation angles greater than 20 deg, multipath components from the satellite signal are 15-20 dB below the line-of-sight signal level and often originate from nearby reflectors. Thus shadowing is the dominant signal impairment and fading effects are again found to be relatively flat for a large fading margin. Because receiver motion induces rapid variations in the signal level, temporal diversity techniques such as interleaving, channel coding and retransmission can be used to combat short intermittent fading events. Antenna diversity and directivity techniques are again useful in this environment. Finally, in the Urban mobile environment, slower vehicle speeds and blockage by buildings causes signal fades that are too long and too deep to combat with signal margin or time diversity. Land-based signal boosters are needed to fill in the coverage gaps of the satellite only broadcast scheme. On frequency boosters are suggested to conserve bandwidth yet these

  19. 47 CFR 73.1217 - Broadcast hoaxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcast hoaxes. 73.1217 Section 73.1217 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1217 Broadcast hoaxes. No licensee or permittee of...

  20. The Broadcast Blitz Against Revisionism: Radio and the Chinese Cultural Revolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffer, Thomas W.; Rayburn, J. D., II

    1977-01-01

    Reviews the planned content of radio programs in China from 1967 through 1974, in order to provide insights into the Chinese Cultural Revolution and into the use of radio in promoting a "Maoist China." (GW)

  1. A Resource Curriculum in Broadcast Media. Bulletin No. 8025.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herian, Roger; Moen, Mary

    A resource for teachers who design instructional programs in broadcast media, this curriculum guide consists of eight units which deal with the nature of broadcast media, broadcast programming and public interest, broadcast advertising, broadcast regulation, societal effects of broadcasting, broadcasting and future technology, radio broadcasting,…

  2. 77 FR 2241 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg, and Williams, AZ...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ..., and Williams, AZ; and Application of Univision Radio License Corporation, KHOV-FM, Wickenburg, AZ... by Rocket Radio, Inc., proposes the allotment of FM Channel 287C2 at Williams, Arizona, as the..., to facilitate the Williams allotment, we issue an Order to Show Cause to Univision Radio...

  3. Educational Broadcasts of NHK.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japan Broadcasting Co., Tokyo

    Presented is an overview of the full range of educational and cultural broadcasts offered by Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK). NHK, or the Japan Broadcasting Company, is the only public service broadcasting organization in Japan. It produces instructional programs from the kindergarten level to high school via its television and radio network. These…

  4. 75 FR 31437 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: CEDAR COVE BROADCASTING, INC., Station KGQD, Facility ID 175363, BMPED-20100510ABP, From FRASER, CO, To SILVERTHORNE, CO; CHURCH PLANTERS OF AMERICA, Station NEW, Facility ID 173562, BMPED-20100426ADA, From DANBURY, NC, To MADISON, NC; ENTERPRISE COPORATION OF THE DELTA, Station NEW, Facility ID 175323,......

  5. 77 FR 57086 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: ALEXANDRA COMMUNICATIONS, INC., Station KRKZ- FM, Facility ID 189499, BPH-20120725AHL, From NETARTS, OR, To CHINOOK, WA; ALEXANDRA COMMUNICATIONS, INC., Station KTIL, Facility ID 50554, BMP-20120725AHO, From TILLAMOOK, OR, To NETARTS, OR; BIRACH BROADCASTING CORPORATION, Station NEW, Facility ID 136069, BMP-......

  6. 76 FR 72705 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-25

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: DOUGLAS BROADCASTING, INC., Station KLNQ, Facility ID161152, BMP-20111107ALX, From CASPER, WY, To EVANSVILLE, WY; HISPANIC TARGET MEDIA INC., Station NEW, Facility ID 183311, BNPH- 20091019ADD, From KERNVILLE, CA, To RIDGECREST, CA; OLIVET NAZARENE UNIVERSITY, Station WTMK, Facility ID 90498,......

  7. 78 FR 13670 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: DAIJ MEDIA, LLC, Station KJOZ, Facility ID 20625, BP-20120731AAA, From CONROE, TX, To BAYTOWN, TX; GREAT SOUTH WIRELESS, LLC, Station WZZN, Facility ID 5885, BPH-20130207ABP, From UNION GROVE, AL, To TRIANA, AL; REED BROADCASTING, LLC, Station WRAB, Facility ID 2552, BP-20130207ABK, From ARAB, AL, To UNION......

  8. The Indiana Report: What 320 Broadcasters Think About Radio and TV Academic Programs in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wible, Darrell E.

    A survey was conducted of 70 Indiana radio and television station managers and 250 college-educated employees of their choosing to assess views on quality of academic programs in radio and television. Questionnaires were distributed and personal visits made to more than 50 stations. Questions and responses were grouped under three headings: Part 1…

  9. Case studies of pre-engineered and manufactured sound isolation rooms for music practice and radio broadcast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Probst, Ron N.; Rypka, Dann

    2005-09-01

    Pre-engineered and manufactured sound isolation rooms were developed to ensure guaranteed sound isolation while offering the unique ability to be disassembled and relocated without loss of acoustic performance. Case studies of pre-engineered sound isolation rooms used for music practice and various radio broadcast purposes are highlighted. Three prominent universities wrestle with the challenges of growth and expansion while responding to the specialized acoustic requirements of these spaces. Reduced state funding for universities requires close examination of all options while ensuring sound isolation requirements are achieved. Changing curriculum, renovation, and new construction make pre-engineered and manufactured rooms with guaranteed acoustical performance good investments now and for the future. An added benefit is the optional integration of active acoustics to provide simulations of other spaces or venues along with the benefit of sound isolation.

  10. 47 CFR 73.128 - AM stereophonic broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false AM stereophonic broadcasting. 73.128 Section 73.128 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.128 AM stereophonic broadcasting. (a) An Am broadcast...

  11. 47 CFR 73.128 - AM stereophonic broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false AM stereophonic broadcasting. 73.128 Section 73.128 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.128 AM stereophonic broadcasting. (a) An Am broadcast...

  12. 47 CFR 73.128 - AM stereophonic broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false AM stereophonic broadcasting. 73.128 Section 73.128 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.128 AM stereophonic broadcasting. (a) An Am broadcast...

  13. Worldwide Marine Weather Broadcasts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of the Navy, Washington, DC.

    This publication is a source of marine weather broadcast information in all areas of the world where such service is provided. This publication was designed for the use of U.S. naval and merchant ships. Sections 1 through 4 contain details of radio telegraph, radio telephone, radio facsimile, and radio teleprinter transmissions, respectively. The…

  14. Technology Evaluation of Programmable Communicating Thermostats with Radio Broadcast Data System Communications

    SciTech Connect

    Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth

    2008-10-31

    Programmable Communicating Thermostats are thermostats that can be programmed by the user to respond to signals indicating a grid-level system emergency or pricing event. The California Energy Commission is considering standards that would include a requirement for Programmable Communicating Thermostats in residential and small commercial applications. The current specification for Programmable Communicating Thermostats requires Radio Data System communications to Programmable Communicating Thermostats. This study tested the signal strength and reliability of Radio Data System signals at 40 customer sites within the Sacramento Municipal Utility District, which is serviced by 17 radio stations that already transmit Radio Data System signals. The study also tested the functionality of a commercially available Programmable Communicating Thermostat for compliance with California Energy Commission design standards. Test results demonstrated that Radio Data System is capable of reliably sending price and emergency signals. This study also provides evidence that existing Programmable Communicating Thermostats, on receiving a Radio Data System pricing or event signal, are capable of automatically increasing set points to a customer-determined or utility-determined level, thus providing air-conditioning demand response within seconds or just a few (less than 5) minutes.

  15. The Special Broadcasting Service and Australia's Ethnic Broadcasting Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sklovsky, G.A.

    1979-01-01

    Broadcasting services for non-English speaking peoples in Australia are reviewed both for radio and television. Broadcasting criteria for ethnic groups, funding levels, and current facilities are discussed. (RAO)

  16. 47 CFR 74.101 - Experimental broadcast station.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Experimental broadcast station. 74.101 Section 74.101 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES...

  17. MSAT broadcast voice services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, John W.

    1995-01-01

    Later this year the MSAT satellite network will be delivering mobile and remote communications throughout North America. Its services include a family of Broadcast Voice Services, the first of which will be MSAT Dispatch Radio, which will extend the features and functionality of terrestrial Specialized Mobile Radio (SMR) to the entire continent. This paper describes the MSAT Broadcast Voice Services in general, and MSAT Dispatch Radio in particular, and provides examples of commercial and government applications.

  18. 78 FR 39584 - Domestic Requests for Broadcasting Board of Governors Program Materials

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-02

    ....); The Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 1465 et seq.); or The Television Broadcasting to Cuba... of Cuba Broadcasting for broadcast-quality copies of TV or Radio Marti program materials. ] Sec....

  19. 77 FR 24954 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals to Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: DIVINE WORD COMMUNICATIONS, Station WDLG, Facility ID 86328, BPED-20120313AEE, From THOMASVILLE, AL, To GROVE HILL; FIFE COMMUNICATION COMPANY, L.C., Station KCVM, Facility ID 17227, BPH-20120327ALB, From HUDSON, IA, To EVANSDALE; HOG RADIO, INC., Station KLYR-FM, Facility ID 22057, BPH-20120208ADK, From......

  20. 77 FR 38631 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-28

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: AGNUS DEI COMMUNICATIONS, INC., Station NEW, Facility ID 190433, BNPH-20120529AKN, From MISSION, SD, To MURDO, SD; ALEX MEDIA, INC., Station NEW, Facility ID 190402, BNPH-20120515ABA, From FRANKLIN, LA, To BELLE ROSE, LA; CBS RADIO STATIONS INC., Station WMSF, Facility ID 29567, BPH-20120529AKO, From WEST......

  1. 77 FR 8869 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ..., BMPED-20120131ALI, From RIDGEVILLE, SC, To ST. GEORGE, SC; RADIO LICENSE HOLDING II, LLC, Station WYAY...., Washington, DC 20554. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tung Bui, 202-418-2700. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The... the Commission's Reference Center, 445 12th Street SW., Washington, DC 20554 or electronically via...

  2. CULTURAL RADIO BROADCASTS, SOME EXPERIENCES. REPORTS AND PAPERS ON MASS COMMUNICATION, NO. 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    CULTURAL RADIO PROGRAM DIRECTORS AND PRODUCERS DESCRIBE THE CULTURAL, ARTISTIC, SCIENTIFIC, EDUCATIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMS AVAILABLE IN THEIR COUNTRIES, EXPLAINING THE VARIOUS ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORKS, THE LISTENING PATTERNS AND TASTES OF THEIR PEOPLE, AND THE PROBLEMS THEY HAVE ENCOUNTERED. THESE INCLUDE PROBLEMS OF MULTIPLE LANGUAGES,…

  3. Ted Malone: Broadcast Interpretationist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, J. S.

    One of the few broadcast interpretationists recorded in the history of radio, Frank Alden Russell--whose Ted Malone programs spanned three decades on local stations and national networks--perhaps best represents both the initiation and prime of broadcast interpretation. Born in 1908, Russell became interested in oral performance when he was…

  4. The Broadcast Media & Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spangenberg, Gail

    1986-01-01

    Project Literacy U.S. (PLUS) combines national network television and radio broadcasts with community action, alerting the public to the urgency of the adult illiteracy problem and helping to mobilize efforts to deal with it in towns and cities across the United States. All 525 affiliate and member stations of the American Broadcasting Company…

  5. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  6. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  7. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  8. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  9. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  10. 47 CFR 73.1206 - Broadcast of telephone conversations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcast of telephone conversations. 73.1206 Section 73.1206 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1206 Broadcast of...

  11. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast radio stations using IBOC must transmit at least one over-the-air digital...

  12. 47 CFR 73.1692 - Broadcast station construction near or installation on an AM broadcast tower.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcast station construction near or installation on an AM broadcast tower. 73.1692 Section 73.1692 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All...

  13. Poor Reception for Broadcast Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlisle, Robert D. B.

    1976-01-01

    Noting reports of 17,251 college juniors and seniors majoring in radio-television broadcasting and only 141,500 employees now working in the field, the author discusses the causes and implications including the value of the radio-TV degree and the cost of broadcast education. (JT)

  14. Public Broadcasting: A Status Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Record, 1981

    1981-01-01

    A potent education force recounts its growth and development amid fiscal and administrative uncertainty. Data identify funding sources for radio and television and illustrate the growth of radio and television broadcasting. The report indicates that 94 percent of all public television stations broadcast some instructional/educational programs.…

  15. Broadcast Services. Information Bulletin No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    Radio and television broadcasting is authorized and regulated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Following a brief description of the development of broadcasting, broadcast regulations, and the Commission, this report examines various aspects of the subject pertaining to the fairness doctrine, political broadcasting, advertising, sale…

  16. Live from Westminster: Broadcasting the British Parliament.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Peter Hardiman

    1978-01-01

    Describes live radio broadcasting from the chambers of the British Parliament. After 55 years of campaigning by broadcasters and Members of Parliament, and following experimental broadcasting by the BBC and Independent Local Radio, service was installed in April 1978. Initial experimentation, current procedures, and implications for television…

  17. Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields from broadcast transmitters and risk of childhood cancer: a census-based cohort study.

    PubMed

    Hauri, Dimitri D; Spycher, Ben; Huss, Anke; Zimmermann, Frank; Grotzer, Michael; von der Weid, Nicolas; Spoerri, Adrian; Kuehni, Claudia E; Röösli, Martin

    2014-04-01

    We investigated the association between exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) from broadcast transmitters and childhood cancer. First, we conducted a time-to-event analysis including children under age 16 years living in Switzerland on December 5, 2000. Follow-up lasted until December 31, 2008. Second, all children living in Switzerland for some time between 1985 and 2008 were included in an incidence density cohort. RF-EMF exposure from broadcast transmitters was modeled. Based on 997 cancer cases, adjusted hazard ratios in the time-to-event analysis for the highest exposure category (>0.2 V/m) as compared with the reference category (<0.05 V/m) were 1.03 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.74, 1.43) for all cancers, 0.55 (95% CI: 0.26, 1.19) for childhood leukemia, and 1.68 (95% CI: 0.98, 2.91) for childhood central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Results of the incidence density analysis, based on 4,246 cancer cases, were similar for all types of cancer and leukemia but did not indicate a CNS tumor risk (incidence rate ratio = 1.03, 95% CI: 0.73, 1.46). This large census-based cohort study did not suggest an association between predicted RF-EMF exposure from broadcasting and childhood leukemia. Results for CNS tumors were less consistent, but the most comprehensive analysis did not suggest an association.

  18. 47 CFR 73.3573 - Processing FM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Processing FM broadcast station applications. 73.3573 Section 73.3573 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.3573...

  19. 47 CFR 73.1660 - Acceptability of broadcast transmitters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Acceptability of broadcast transmitters. 73.1660 Section 73.1660 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1660 Acceptability...

  20. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011 Section 73.6011 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV...

  1. 47 CFR 73.4102 - FAA communications, broadcast of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FAA communications, broadcast of. 73.4102 Section 73.4102 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4102 FAA...

  2. 47 CFR 73.1211 - Broadcast of lottery information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Broadcast of lottery information. 73.1211... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1211 Broadcast of lottery... paragraph (c) of this section, shall broadcast any advertisement of or information concerning any...

  3. 47 CFR 73.1211 - Broadcast of lottery information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Broadcast of lottery information. 73.1211... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1211 Broadcast of lottery... paragraph (c) of this section, shall broadcast any advertisement of or information concerning any...

  4. 47 CFR 73.1211 - Broadcast of lottery information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Broadcast of lottery information. 73.1211... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1211 Broadcast of lottery... paragraph (c) of this section, shall broadcast any advertisement of or information concerning any...

  5. 47 CFR 73.1211 - Broadcast of lottery information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcast of lottery information. 73.1211... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1211 Broadcast of lottery... paragraph (c) of this section, shall broadcast any advertisement of or information concerning any...

  6. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  7. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  8. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  9. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  10. Broadcasting Stations of the World; Part I. Amplitude Modulation Broadcasting Stations According to Country and City.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This first part of "Broadcasting Stations of the World", which lists all reported radio broadcasting and television stations, with the exception of those in the United States which broadcast on domestic channels, covers amplitude modulation broadcasting stations. Information is indexed alphabetically by country and city. Within a city, stations…

  11. Broadcasting Stations of the World; Part II. Amplitude Modulation Broadcasting Stations According to Frequency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This second part of "Broadcasting Stations of the World", which lists all reported radio broadcasting and television stations with the exception of those in the United States which broadcast on domestic channels, covers amplitude modulation broadcasting stations according to frequency in ascending order. Information included covers call letters,…

  12. Broadcasting Stations of the World; Part III. Frequency Modulation Broadcasting Stations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This third part of "Broadcasting Stations of the World", which lists all reported radio broadcasting and television stations, with the exception of those in the United States which broadcast on domestic channels, covers frequency modulation broadcasting stations. It contains two sections: one indexed alphabetically by country and city, and the…

  13. Broadcasting: Does It Belong in the Department of Speech? Traditional Concepts in Speech and Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Robert J.

    Educational institutions were among the pioneers in the development of radio broadcasting. By 1938, over 300 colleges reported offering at least one course in radio. In more recent times the surveys compiled by Harold Niven for the "Journal of Broadcasting" show a continued interest in broadcasting courses. The trend is toward Communications or…

  14. Health Education by Open Broadcast.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ICIT Report, 1976

    1976-01-01

    This issue focuses on uses and techniques of radio for educational purposes in developing nations. Two health education projects are described which are utilizing open broadcasting to attract a mass audience of listeners not committed to a structured radio education program. Kenya's Swahili language radio serial, "Giving Birth and Caring for your…

  15. Broadcasting in an On-Demand World Creating Community Radio in the Era of Podcasting and Webcasting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Baoill, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    This project examines the impact that internet-based distribution technologies, in particular webcasting and podcasting, are having on the community radio sector in the United States. Through interviews with sector participants, the impact of this changing technological environment on the role of community radio is identified. Internet-based…

  16. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  17. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  18. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  19. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  20. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  1. 47 CFR 73.23 - AM broadcast station applications affected by international agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false AM broadcast station applications affected by international agreements. 73.23 Section 73.23 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.23 AM broadcast...

  2. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels. The FM broadcast band consists of that portion of the radio frequency spectrum between 88 MHz...

  3. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels. The FM broadcast band consists of that portion of the radio frequency spectrum between 88 MHz...

  4. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels. The FM broadcast band consists of that portion of the radio frequency spectrum between 88 MHz...

  5. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels. The FM broadcast band consists of that portion of the radio frequency spectrum between 88 MHz...

  6. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels. The FM broadcast band consists of that portion of the radio frequency spectrum between 88 MHz...

  7. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801...

  8. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801...

  9. Computers in Public Broadcasting: Who, What, Where.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yousuf, M. Osman

    This handbook offers guidance to public broadcasting managers on computer acquisition and development activities. Based on a 1981 survey of planned and current computer uses conducted by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) Information Clearinghouse, computer systems in public radio and television broadcasting stations are listed by…

  10. Cross-Cultural Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contreras, Eduardo; And Others

    New broadcasting technologies have extended the possibility of distributing radio and television programs over extensive areas encompassing different countries and peoples of different cultures and languages. This raises problems of program content and format as well as legal and political questions relating to trans-national information flow.…

  11. Audio podcasts in practical courses in biochemistry – cost-efficient e-learning in a well-proven format from radio broadcasting

    PubMed Central

    Münch-Harrach, Dieter; Kothe, Christian; Hampe, Wolfgang

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Audio podcasts are an e-learning format that may help to motivate students to deal with the contents of medical education more intensely. We adopted a well-proven format from radio broadcasting, the radio documentary, to direct the listeners’ attention to information about practical courses in biochemistry over a period of 20 minutes at most. Information, original sounds, and a specific atmosphere allow listeners to perceive the contents intensely. Method: In order to organise the production of the podcast as cost-efficient and least time-consuming as possible, a student, a teacher, a clinician, and a technical assistant compile the core themes of their respective text blocks in an editorial conference first. After that, the speakers can elaborate on and record their blocks independently. Coordination is widely handled by the student. At two points of time, the podcasts were evaluated by the medical students by means of a questionnaire. Results: With little cost and time expenses, eight podcasts were produced. They have been used by the students extensively and have also been evaluated very positively by non-student listeners. For long-term usage, a regular reference to the podcast offer is required in the courses. Conclusion: Involving students, successful podcasts can be produced to support classroom teaching with little expenses and contribute to the external presentation of the medical faculty. PMID:24282447

  12. Broadcast Stylebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Press International, New York, NY.

    This booklet deals with the unique problem of writing and preparing news for the electronic media where it will be presented orally. The contents of this monograph include "The United Press International Broadcast Newswire,""The United Press International Audio Network,""Broadcast Writing,""Accuracy,""Broadcast Style,""Mechanics of Style,""Words…

  13. Radio and Television in Literacy. A Survey of the Use of the Broadcasting Media in Combating Illiteracy among Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maddison, John

    Information obtained in a survey of the uses of radio and television in connection with literacy work in 40 countries of the world is presented. Much of the information consists of replies to Unesco questionnaires on the subject. The countries surveyed were: Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Ethiopia, Gabon,…

  14. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  15. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  16. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  17. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  18. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  19. The Role of Educational Broadcasts in Japanese Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akiyama, Takashiro; Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

    School broadcasting has a relatively long history in Japan. Radio programs intended for school use were inaugurated by NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) in 1935, and school television broadcasting began in 1953. As of April 1983, the NHK sends 13 hours and 50 minutes of radio programs and 33 hours and 30 minutes of television programs per week,…

  20. 47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving... COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL...

  1. 47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving... COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL...

  2. 47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving... COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL...

  3. 47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving... COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL...

  4. Radio wave.

    PubMed

    Elkin, V

    1992-01-01

    In developing countries with high rates of poverty and illiteracy, radio is emerging as an excellent medium for delivering information on health issues, family planning, nutrition, and agricultural development. Since radio does not require wired electricity, it can reach remote rural populations. Surveys have found that between 50-75% of poor rural households in developing countries own radios, and the majority listen to educational radio at least once a week. A program that reaches the urban poor outside of Lima, Peru, has been instrumental in controlling the spread of cholera. A Bolivian station broadcasts 8 hours of literacy, health, agricultural, and cultural programming a day to an audience of more than 2 million Aymara Indians. Small village radio stations with a broadcast range of 15 miles can be established for under US$400 and can generally achieve sustainability through local fundraising events such as raffles. In many cases, listeners have become broadcasters at their local radio stations.

  5. 47 CFR 73.3571 - Processing of AM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Processing of AM broadcast station applications. 73.3571 Section 73.3571 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.3571...

  6. 47 CFR 73.3574 - Processing of international broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Processing of international broadcast station applications. 73.3574 Section 73.3574 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.3574...

  7. 47 CFR 73.37 - Applications for broadcast facilities, showing required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applications for broadcast facilities, showing required. 73.37 Section 73.37 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.37 Applications for...

  8. 47 CFR 74.6 - Licensing of broadcast auxiliary and low power auxiliary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Licensing of broadcast auxiliary and low power...) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES General; Rules Applicable to All Services in Part 74 § 74.6 Licensing of broadcast auxiliary...

  9. 47 CFR 73.871 - Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amendment of LPFM broadcast station applications. 73.871 Section 73.871 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.871 Amendment...

  10. 47 CFR 73.9001 - Redistribution control of digital television broadcasts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Redistribution control of digital television... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control § 73.9001 Redistribution control of digital television broadcasts. Licensees of TV broadcast stations may utilize...

  11. 47 CFR 73.6016 - Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Digital Class A TV station protection of TV...) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6016 Digital Class A TV station protection of TV broadcast stations. Digital Class A TV stations must...

  12. Digital audio and video broadcasting by satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshino, Takehiko

    In parallel with the progress of the practical use of satellite broadcasting and Hi-Vision or high-definition television technologies, research activities are also in progress to replace the conventional analog broadcasting services with a digital version. What we call 'digitalization' is not a mere technical matter but an important subject which will help promote multichannel or multimedia applications and, accordingly, can change the old concept of mass media, such as television or radio. NHK Science and Technical Research Laboratories has promoted studies of digital bandwidth compression, transmission, and application techniques. The following topics are covered: the trend of digital broadcasting; features of Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB); compression encoding and transmission; transmission bit rate in 12 GHz band; number of digital TV transmission channels; multichannel pulse code modulation (PCM) audio broadcasting system via communication satellite; digital Hi-Vision broadcasting; and development of digital audio broadcasting (DAB) for mobile reception in Japan.

  13. Public Broadcasting Environment Center. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    Created in 1970 to apply the capabilities of public broadcasting to the challenge of environmental education, the Public Broadcasting Environment Center (PBEC) has completed its first planning phase. Goals and objectives have been determined; strategies for action have been envisoned; radio and television programs have been planned; manpower…

  14. Making Waves: Pirate Radio and Popular Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Steve

    The history of pirate radio--radio broadcasts offered by unlicensed broadcasters as alternatives to licensed, commercial radio programming--is difficult to trace, both in America and the United Kingdom (UK) since mention of pirate broadcasts of a less-then-thrilling nature are rarely found. Also, until 1927, the U.S. government did not formally…

  15. Broadcasting Stations of the World; Part IV. Television Stations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This fourth part of "Broadcasting Stations of the World", which lists all reported radio broadcasting and television stations, with the exception of those in the United States which broadcast on domestic channels, covers television stations. Two sections are provided: one indexed alphabetically by country and city, and the other indexed by…

  16. 47 CFR 74.102 - Uses of experimental broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Uses of experimental broadcast stations. 74.102 Section 74.102 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... and advancement of new broadcast technology, equipment, systems or services which are more...

  17. 47 CFR 74.102 - Uses of experimental broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Uses of experimental broadcast stations. 74.102 Section 74.102 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... and advancement of new broadcast technology, equipment, systems or services which are more...

  18. 47 CFR 74.21 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 74.21 Section 74.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... Applicable to All Services in Part 74 § 74.21 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency...

  19. 47 CFR 5.219 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 5.219 Section 5.219 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL EXPERIMENTAL RADIO SERVICE Broadcast Experimental Licenses § 5.219 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency where...

  20. 47 CFR 74.21 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 74.21 Section 74.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... Applicable to All Services in Part 74 § 74.21 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency...

  1. 47 CFR 5.219 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 5.219 Section 5.219 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL EXPERIMENTAL RADIO SERVICE Broadcast Experimental Licenses § 5.219 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency where...

  2. 47 CFR 74.21 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 74.21 Section 74.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... Applicable to All Services in Part 74 § 74.21 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency...

  3. 47 CFR 74.21 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 74.21 Section 74.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... Applicable to All Services in Part 74 § 74.21 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency...

  4. 47 CFR 74.21 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 74.21 Section 74.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... Applicable to All Services in Part 74 § 74.21 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency...

  5. The Role of Educational Broadcasts in Japanese Schools. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

    This report describes the significant role which the Japan Broadcasting Corporation's (NHK) educational broadcasts play within the Japanese education system. It begins by presenting an overview of the Japanese educational system and the fundamental characteristics of school broadcasting via both television and radio. The increase in the number of…

  6. 47 CFR 74.705 - TV broadcast analog station protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false TV broadcast analog station protection. 74.705... EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Low Power TV, TV Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.705 TV broadcast analog station protection. (a) The TV...

  7. 47 CFR 74.705 - TV broadcast analog station protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false TV broadcast analog station protection. 74.705... EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Low Power TV, TV Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.705 TV broadcast analog station protection. (a) The TV...

  8. 47 CFR 74.102 - Uses of experimental broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Uses of experimental broadcast stations. 74.102 Section 74.102 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... or require other modes of transmission than can be accomplished by using a licensed broadcast...

  9. 46 CFR 121.506 - Emergency broadcast placard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Emergency broadcast placard. 121.506 Section 121.506... MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Radio § 121.506 Emergency broadcast placard. A durable placard must be posted next to all radiotelephone installations with the emergency broadcast instructions and...

  10. 46 CFR 184.506 - Emergency broadcast placard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Emergency broadcast placard. 184.506 Section 184.506... TONS) VESSEL CONTROL AND MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT Radio § 184.506 Emergency broadcast... broadcast instructions and information, specific to the individual vessel....

  11. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  12. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  13. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  14. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  15. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  16. Broadcasts for Schools: The Under-Used Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shorrocks, Alec

    1980-01-01

    Notes common problems in using audiovisual aids in the classroom but points out that television and radio are undervalued and underused educational resources. Discusses British Broadcasting Corporation television and radio programs that would be valuable in teaching English. (GT)

  17. Direct/community broadcast projects using space satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frutkin, A. W.

    1975-01-01

    A review is presented of direct/community broadcast projects which are currently in preparation in India, Canada, and Japan. It is shown that the satellite broadcast experiments involved are conducted for practical domestic reasons. The broadcast activities in all three projects will not reach other countries' TV receivers unless those countries take deliberate steps to enable themselves to receive such broadcasts. It is pointed out that for technological reasons problems of intrusion and interference connected with the use of satellites in broadcast operations may be much easier to handle than similar problems related to conventional radio broadcasting.

  18. Radios in the Classroom: Curriculum Integration and Communication Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ninno, Anton

    2000-01-01

    Describes radio applications for education and summarizes radio activities for elementary and secondary school classrooms. Discusses teaching the history of radio communications; AM-FM radio; international shortwave broadcasts; NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) weather service broadcasts; scanner radios; and amateur radios.…

  19. Broadcast Operator Handbook. Radiotelephone 3rd Class Operators' Permit. Broadcast Endorsement. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1976

    Intended to serve as a practical study guide for those applicants interested in obtaining the Radiotelephone Third Class Operator Permit with the endorsement to operate broadcast radio stations, this manual is also designed to be helpful as a concise reference for those operators already active in the field of broadcasting. Chapters 1 and 2 are…

  20. The Role of Educational Broadcasts in Japanese Schools. 2nd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akiyama, Takashiro; Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

    School broadcasting has a relatively long history in Japan. Radio programs intended for school use were inaugurated by NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) in 1935, and school television broadcasting began in 1953. As of April 1986, the NHK sends 7 hours and 30 minutes of radio programs and 32 hours and 15 minutes of television programs per week,…

  1. Satellite sound broadcast research aspect in CRL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hase, Yoshihiro; Kondo, Kimio; Ohmori, Shingo

    1990-01-01

    Researches on Satellite Sound Broadcasting Services (SSBS) have become active in the past few years. Activities of the Consultative Committee for International Radio (CCIR) and the World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC), especially about digital systems proposed in the CCIR report, are briefly reviewed. The Communications Research Laboratory (CRL) future plan of SSBS research, stressing propagation rather than communications aspects, is described.

  2. Radio Programme Production; A Manual For Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspinall, Richard

    This manual for training broadcast personnel covers the following topics: a brief discussion of the history and nature of radio broadcasting, technical facilities of the broadcasting studio, production of various types of radio programs, and staff development and training. The section on production deals with producing and writing for the…

  3. Teaching Mass Communication: Into the Industry: The Student as Broadcasting Consultant

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balon, Robert E.

    1978-01-01

    Describes an undergraduate applied media research course which emphasizes student broadcaster contacts prior to graduation to familiarize students with 'real-life' broadcast functions in a commercial radio station. (MH)

  4. Satellite sound broadcasting system, portable reception

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser; Vaisnys, Arvydas

    1990-01-01

    Studies are underway at JPL in the emerging area of Satellite Sound Broadcast Service (SSBS) for direct reception by low cost portable, semi portable, mobile and fixed radio receivers. This paper addresses the portable reception of digital broadcasting of monophonic audio with source material band limited to 5 KHz (source audio comparable to commercial AM broadcasting). The proposed system provides transmission robustness, uniformity of performance over the coverage area and excellent frequency reuse. Propagation problems associated with indoor portable reception are considered in detail and innovative antenna concepts are suggested to mitigate these problems. It is shown that, with the marriage of proper technologies a single medium power satellite can provide substantial direct satellite audio broadcast capability to CONUS in UHF or L Bands, for high quality portable indoor reception by low cost radio receivers.

  5. 47 CFR 74.690 - Transition of the 1990-2025 MHz band from the Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies. 74.690 Section 74.690 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST... of the 1990-2025 MHz band from the Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies. (a)...

  6. 47 CFR 74.690 - Transition of the 1990-2025 MHz band from the Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies. 74.690 Section 74.690 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST... of the 1990-2025 MHz band from the Broadcast Auxiliary Service to emerging technologies. (a)...

  7. Broadcast satellite service: The international dimension

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Samara, Noah

    1991-01-01

    The dawn of the 1990's has witnessed the birth of a new satellite service - satellite sound broadcasting. This new service is characterized by digital transmission at data rates up to 256 kb/s from satellites in geostationary orbit to small, low-cost, mobile and portable receivers. The satellite sound broadcasting service is a logical step beyond navigation satellite service, such as that provided by the GPS Navstar system. The mass market appeal of satellite sound broadcasting in the area of lightsat technology and low-cost digital radios has greatly facilitated the financing of this type of space service.

  8. Report on Self-Regulation by the Broadcasting and Advertising Industries for the Elimination of Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Broadcast Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission, Ottawa (Ontario).

    The Task Force on Sex-Role Stereotyping was established in 1979 by the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). Comprised of members of the broadcasting industry, the task force included the Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB), the advertising industry, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), public members,…

  9. Testing & Research, Part I. Options in Education: Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio. Program No. 78.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    Several program transcripts on educational testing from the National Public Radio series, Options in Education, are included in this pamphlet. In "The I.Q. Controversy," Ned Block discusses culturally biased standardized tests. Dr. Harold Hodgkinson, former Director of the National Institute of Education, and Noel Epstein, Education Editor of the…

  10. Adult Radio: A Community Service and Continuing Education Project through Broadcast Utilization (Title 1 of the Higher Education Act of 1965). Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morehead State Univ., KY.

    During the period July 1, 1968-July 15, 1969, WMKY-FM, the student radio station at Morehead State University, undertook a research project under the financing of Title I of the Higher Education Act of 1965 to provide special programming for the senior citizens within their listening area and evaluate the response to their programs. First, the…

  11. Options in Education. Program No. 87. Sex and Sexism in Education: Part 1. Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Public Radio, Washington, DC.

    This booklet is a transcription of a program from the radio series, "Options in Education." It is Part 1 of a two-part series dealing with sexism in education. It deals with the problems of women in higher education, including sex discrimination in administrative jobs, salary inequities, math and other traditionally masculine subjects. A number of…

  12. School Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: An Exploratory History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crook, David

    2007-01-01

    In the United Kingdom, television for schools is 50 years old in 2007. The anniversary provides a reason to undertake an exploratory history of school broadcasting, an area that has received very little attention from historians of British education. The first part of this article examines the origins of school radio broadcasting, focusing…

  13. Worldwide Educational Broadcasting: Diversity and Challenge in a New Era.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

    1991-01-01

    This paper analyzes the state of the world's educational broadcasting community following the rapid changes in the 1980s. The future prospects of educational television and radio broadcasting are discussed based on a summary of the Worldwide Survey of 48 foreign countries which was conducted in 1989, and a review of the presentations given by…

  14. Beyond LEGOs: Building Blocks of Broadcast Studios in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sconyers, AllyeB G.; Mayol, Matthew R.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the typical spaces found in a school communications department, such as a classroom/laboratory, and offline production, online production, and radio and TV broadcast studios. Briefly describes design requirements for such spaces. (EV)

  15. Educational Broadcasts of NHK. (Special Issue of NHK Today and Tomorrow).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japanese National Commission for UNESCO, Tokyo.

    Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK--Japan Broadcasting Company) is the only public service broadcasting organization in Japan. It is financed entirely with receivers' fees paid by television and radio set owners. NHK conducts a variety of educational broadcast activities. Two services provided by NHK are the Gauken senior high school correspondence program…

  16. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed to... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  17. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed to... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  18. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed to... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  19. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed to... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  20. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed to... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  1. The Use of Computers in Broadcast Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singleton, Timothy J.

    Speech communication and journalism instructors should be aware of how computers are used in the mass media and what role computer systems can play in broadcast education. Many radio and television stations commonly use computers for accounting and business functions, and they are beginning to expand their computer operations to program logs and…

  2. Broadcast Journalism; An Introduction to News Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Mark W.

    The important features of writing news for radio and television are covered in this book. Ways to write colorful, accurate, and timely stories are explained with the emphasis on the differences between broadcast and newspaper stories. Other subjects treated are sources of news (including explanations of how the Associated Press copy works and how…

  3. Antennas For Receiving Signals Broadcast Via Satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, Te-Kao; Huang, John

    1996-01-01

    Four different antennas designed for use in receiving radio AM and FM signals broadcast via Earth-orbiting satellites at carrier frequency of 2.05 GHz in right-hand circular polarization. Antennas small, lightweight, inexpensive units with low-to-medium-gain, quasi-omnidirectional radiation patterns. Designed for outdoor and indoor uses.

  4. Broadcasting Student Internships: Put Them in Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ware, P. Dale

    A written broadcasting internship contract has proved to serve the best interests of the intern, the school, and the radio or television station. Among other things, such a contract can specify the commitments of the intern and the advisors, the hours and times of station work, the academic credit to be earned, and the learning experiences to be…

  5. Broadcasting in Mexico.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Noriega, Luis Antonio; Leach, Frances

    This monograph traces the growth of Mexico's broadcasting services against the background of that country's geographical, cultural, demographic, economic, and political structures. Specific areas dealt with within the six chapters of the monograph are: (1) the national environment for broadcasting; (2) the advent and development of broadcasting in…

  6. Audio direct broadcast satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, J. E.

    1983-05-01

    Satellite sound broadcasting is, as the name implies, the use of satellite techniques and technology to broadcast directly from space to low-cost, consumer-quality receivers the types of sound programs commonly received in the AM and FM broadcast bands. It would be a ubiquitous service available to the general public in the home, in the car, and out in the open.

  7. Audio direct broadcast satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, J. E.

    1983-01-01

    Satellite sound broadcasting is, as the name implies, the use of satellite techniques and technology to broadcast directly from space to low-cost, consumer-quality receivers the types of sound programs commonly received in the AM and FM broadcast bands. It would be a ubiquitous service available to the general public in the home, in the car, and out in the open.

  8. 47 CFR 73.1208 - Broadcast of taped, filmed, or recorded material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the public. For television stations, the announcement may be made visually or aurally. (b) Taped, filmed, or recorded announcements which are of a commercial, promotional or public service nature need... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1208...

  9. 47 CFR 73.1208 - Broadcast of taped, filmed, or recorded material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... the public. For television stations, the announcement may be made visually or aurally. (b) Taped, filmed, or recorded announcements which are of a commercial, promotional or public service nature need... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1208...

  10. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to..., such as the position of ice and derelicts, defects, and changes to aids to navigation, and drifting mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  11. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to..., such as the position of ice and derelicts, defects, and changes to aids to navigation, and drifting mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  12. The Status of Broadcast Education in Institutions of Higher Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmore, Garland C.

    1983-01-01

    Surveyed different departments that offer undergraduate degrees in radio-television-film. Compared (1) philosophies; (2) semester hours offered and required in radio-television-film; (3) faculty qualifications; (4) dollars invested in equipment and training facilities; and (5) student enrollment degree data. Departments included broadcasting,…

  13. Educational Electronic Information Dissemination and Broadcast Services: History, Current Infrastructure and Public Broadcasting Requirements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Jai P.; Morgan, Robert P.

    This memorandum describes the results of a study on electronic educational information dissemination and broadcast services in the United States. Included are detailed discussions of the historical development and current infrastructure (both in terms of organization and physical plant) of the following services: educational radio and television…

  14. Workplace Training at SBS Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simons, Lynette

    2001-01-01

    Notes that at Australia's Special Broadcasting Services Radio, workplace training is an essential requirement for on-air staff but a degree in journalism or communications is an enormous advantage. Describes several in-house accredited competency-based modules in journalism and broadcasting. (RS)

  15. Policies for regulation of direct broadcast satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Setzer, F. O.; Franca, B. A.; Cornell, N. W.

    1980-09-01

    The potential market for satellite to home television broadcasting was examined and recommendations were made to the FCC concerning appropriate regulatory policies for direct broadcast satellites (DBS) for the period following the 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference (RARC). It is concluded that many substitutes for DBS will be available in the market for subscription video programming. Either conventional broadcast regulation, which assumes scarcity of channels, nor common carrier regulation, which assumes monopoly power will be appropriate. The report recommends several functions the Commission should perform because of its spectrum allocation responsibilities, but recommends that the Commission make no rules concerning compatibility, signal quality, ownership of receiving equipment, program content, prices, service offerings, or control of channels.

  16. Incorporating the Campus Radio Station into Your Emergency Communications Plan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Thomas C.

    2008-01-01

    Radio stations have been a mainstay of American life since the 1920s. Broadcasting primarily over AM and FM frequencies, American radio stations have been used to provide entertainment, news, weather, and advertising to the public. Beginning in 1963 and continuing until 1997, local radio stations were part of the Emergency Broadcast System (EBS)…

  17. National Workplace Literacy Program. Garment-Related Bilingual (English and Chinese) Broadcast Lessons. Book 1 and 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Ha Yin

    A compilation of transcripts of 100 bilingual English/Chinese broadcast lessons for workers in the garment industry is presented. The lessons are part of the New York Chinatown Manpower Project's Workplace Literacy Program. With the support of the Sino Radio Broadcast Corporation, the lessons are broadcast daily in the morning and again after the…

  18. Satellite broadcasting - Capabilities for public service

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marsten, R. B.

    1975-01-01

    Satellite broadcast services to support health-care and educational transmissions must work with small, low-cost terminals in allocated radio-frequency bands. The ATS-6 spacecraft has successfully demonstrated such capability in the bands of non-technical users. It supports interactive television broadcasting to simple, low-cost terminals in a nationwide series of experiments in the delivery of health-care and educational services. ATS-6 achieves this capability with a very large antenna and moderate transmitter power. The coverage limitations inherent in this approach will be overcome by the joint U.S.-Canadian Communications Technology Satellite to be launched in December 1975. The CTS will demonstrate broadcast capability with new, high-power technology in a newly-allocated radio-frequency band. This will make it possible to use smaller antennas, greatly enlarging the area coverage available to the many nontechnical experimenters using CTS for their own needs. A practical application of these technologies is now in development for operational broadcasting services in Japan.

  19. Milestones in Broadcasting: Antennas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Media in Education and Development, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Briefly describes the development of antennas in the prebroadcast era (elevated antenna, selectivity to prevent interference between stations, birth of diplex, directional properties, support structures), as well as technological developments used in long-, medium-, and short-wave broadcasting, VHF/FM and television broadcasting, and satellite…

  20. German Broadcasting Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Richard J.

    1978-01-01

    Describes the Federal Republic of Germany's broadcast system, which is divided into nine regional broadcast stations. User sponsored on a non-voluntary basis, the two TV networks, ARD and Z DF, provide competition for one another while supplementing the third channel's educational programming. (RAO)

  1. Television Broadcasting and Ethics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harriott, J. F. X., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Topics in this special journal issue are research suggesting television encourages higher behavior standards among children; processes British broadcasters use to decide what to show or not to show on television; the role of broadcasting in nonformal adult education; the influence of international television; and neglected issues regarding…

  2. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  3. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  4. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  5. Receiver for digital radio broadcasting via satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Degraaf, C. R.

    1984-10-01

    Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) demodulators were investigated; a differential-coherent demodulator (with delay-line) for a 20.48 Mbit/sec and 118 MHz medium frequency was developed. A modified professional coherent demodulator (With Costas-loop carrier wave regaining) (CD), was compared with the DQPSK. At the cost of higher circuit complexity and more adjustings, the CD shows better performances; both demodulators show deviation values 2dB. Applied bit error detection and correction methods were investigated and decoding tables were developed. In cases of high system reserves (e.g., central antenna installations of TV-receiver installations) the cheaper DQPSK is recommended. A prefabricated delay-line (and medium frequency filter) in surface acoustic wave technique is recommended to avoid complicated adjusting procedures.

  6. Children's Stories through the Air: Librarian-Broadcasters, 1922-1941

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Cindy C.

    2012-01-01

    Children's librarians were active radio broadcasters as early as 1922, when American commercial radio was just beginning. As they utilized the new technology of radio to promote reading, literature and outreach, they transferred techniques and materials already familiar from their work in neighborhood libraries. This article documents children's…

  7. Television Broadcasting for Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Geoffrey

    1973-01-01

    An outline of the BBC's provision of television for British schools describing the constitution and function of the School Broadcasting Council and the role of the BBC School Television Department. (Author)

  8. Short-Wave Radio: An Aid to Language Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lutcavage, Charles P.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses use of short-wave radio broadcasts as method for expanding students' appreciation of practical advantages of language learning. Suggests use of news broadcasts and gives guidelines for using broadcasts such as level of aural comprehension in class. (Author/BK)

  9. Children, Radio and Television--Now and in the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Von Feilitzen, Cecilia; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Describes aspects of television and radio broadcasting in Sweden. Particular attention is given to children's programs, children's viewing patterns, the influence of TV on children, and how to improve the quality of radio and television programs. (Author/SS)

  10. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  11. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  12. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  13. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  14. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  15. The Right Not to Hear as a Rationale for Broadcast Regulation: A Review and an Appraisal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glasser, Theodore L.; Jassem, Harvey C.

    "FCC v. Pacifica Foundation," a 1978 case involving a radio broadcast considered to be indecent, was the first United States Supreme Court litigation using the right of privacy, or the right not to hear, as a rationale for broadcast regulation of programing. The issue of pornography best illustrates the judiciary's understanding of the conflict…

  16. The Effects of Cross-Cultural Broadcasting. A Study Prepared for UNESCO.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Contreras, Eduardo; And Others

    The Institute for Communication Research at Stanford University collected and synthesized existing data on cross-cultural broadcasting throughout the world. In their report, details are provided about four types of effects resulting from cross-cultural broadcasting: (1) cultural effects with emphasis on the trend of research in radio, television,…

  17. Broadcast Evaluation Report Number Four: Industrial Chemistry Component 524: TV7 R3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, Margaret

    The Institute of Educational Technology of the British Open University evaluated an Open University broadcast course in the chemistry of carbon compounds. Industrial chemistry was a separate but parallel component of the course which was presented by television and radio broadcast. Questionnaires, telephone interviews, and group discussions were…

  18. 15 CFR 2301.4 - Types of projects and broadcast priorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Information NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PUBLIC... radio or television broadcast stations, new cable systems, or first public telecommunications service to existing cable systems, provided that such projects include local origination capacity. (ii) Priority...

  19. A Radio Station Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geva, Edna

    2002-01-01

    Describes a radio program in an English-as-a-Foreign-Language classroom in Israel. Classrooms of English students listen carefully to daily broadcasts, waiting to solve the brain teaser. Personal messages and catchy music follow the program. The project has encouraged students to use English actively and purposefully. Evaluation of the broadcasts…

  20. Public Radio Programming Content by Category, Fiscal Year 1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendel, Robin; And Others

    Part of a series of statistical surveys on public broadcasting based on data supplied by public television and Corporation for Public Broadcasting qualified public radio stations, this report provides details of public radio program content for fiscal year 1982. The chapters include information on the following: (1) definitions and categories; (2)…

  1. Satellite sound broadcasting system study: Mobile considerations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1990-01-01

    Discussed here is the mobile reception part of a study to investigate a satellite sound broadcast system in the UHF or L bands. Existing propagation and reception measurements are used with proper interpretation to evaluate the signaling, coding, and diversity alternatives suitable for the system. Signal attenuation in streets shadowed by buildings appear to be around 29 db, considerably higher than the 10 db adopted by CCIR. With the marriage of proper technologies, an LMSS class satellite can provide substantial direct satellite audio broadcast capability in UHF or L bands for high quality mobile and portable indoor reception by low cost radio receivers. This scheme requires terrestrial repeaters for satisfactory mobile reception in urban areas. A specialized bandwidth efficient spread spectrum signalling technique is particularly suitable for the terrestrial repeaters.

  2. Direct Broadcast Satellites: An Interview with Hartford Gunn.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library Hi Tech, 1984

    1984-01-01

    In this interview with Hartford Gunn, Vice-President of Program Development for Satellite Television Corporation (STC), the concept of direct broadcast by satellite (DBS) is explored. Allocation of radio frequencies, services provided by DBS network, home installation and purchase of dish antenna, and comparison of DBS with cable television are…

  3. Humor as a Presentational Device in Broadcast Public Service Announcements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, D. J.

    On a daily basis, American television and radio audiences are subjected to a stream of broadcast Public Service Announcements (PSAs), each promoting "some kind of social or economic action deemed beneficial" (Stridsberg, 1977). Often, these announcements employ humor as a presentational device to help stimulate the behavioral change needed to…

  4. Campaign Policies, Broadcasters, and the Presidential Election of 1924.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benjamin, Louise M.

    The policies initiated by broadcasters for campaign coverage during the 1924 presidential election influenced the treatment of political candidates on the air and helped set the stage for inclusion of the equal opportunities clause in the Radio Act of 1927. AT&T, RCA, and General Electric formed policies to treat candidates fairly in allocating…

  5. Legal Problems in Broadcasting: Identification and Analysis of Selected Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toohey, Daniel W.; And Others

    This book is designed as an introduction and reference to broadcast law for commercial and noncommercial station managers and staff, college students of radio and television, and general readers. It is divided into two sections, "Freedom of Expression and Related Issues" and "Business Aspects of Programming." The first section contains seven…

  6. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... programming stream at no direct charge to listeners. In addition, a broadcast radio station must simulcast its analog audio programming on one of its digital audio programming streams. The DAB audio programming stream that is provided pursuant to this paragraph must be at least comparable in sound quality to...

  7. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... programming stream at no direct charge to listeners. In addition, a broadcast radio station must simulcast its analog audio programming on one of its digital audio programming streams. The DAB audio programming stream that is provided pursuant to this paragraph must be at least comparable in sound quality to...

  8. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... programming stream at no direct charge to listeners. In addition, a broadcast radio station must simulcast its analog audio programming on one of its digital audio programming streams. The DAB audio programming stream that is provided pursuant to this paragraph must be at least comparable in sound quality to...

  9. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... programming stream at no direct charge to listeners. In addition, a broadcast radio station must simulcast its analog audio programming on one of its digital audio programming streams. The DAB audio programming stream that is provided pursuant to this paragraph must be at least comparable in sound quality to...

  10. The quandry of benchmarking broadcasts

    SciTech Connect

    Karonis, N T; Supinski, B R

    1999-02-05

    A message passing library's implementation of broadcast communication can significantly affect the performance of applications built with that library. In order to choose between similar implementations or to evaluate available libraries, accurate measurements of broadcast performance are required. As we demonstrate, existing methods for measuring broadcast performance are either inaccurate or inadequate. Fortunately, we have designed an accurate method for measuring broadcast performance. Measuring broadcast performance is not simple. Simply sending one broadcast after another allows them to proceed through the network concurrently, thus resulting in accurate per broadcast timings. Existing methods either fail to eliminate this pipelining effect or eliminate it by introducing overheads that are as difficult to measure as the performance of the broadcast itself. Our method introduces a measurable overhead to eliminate the pipelining effect.

  11. Public Broadcasting: The Invisible Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagdikian, Ben H.

    1975-01-01

    A noted journalist and critic examines why broadcasters are conditioned to accept the reality of what American broadcasting is, and therefore many have lost the vision of what it could be. (Author/HB)

  12. Direct Broadcasting Satellites in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maeda, Jiro

    The development and use of broadcasting satellites in Japan are discussed in this paper. The paper describes the medium-scale experimental broadcasting satellite, YURI, launched by NASA in 1978, and reports that experiments with YURI in the areas of basic technologies in the broadcasting satellite system, experiments on satellite control…

  13. Generalized no-broadcasting theorem.

    PubMed

    Barnum, Howard; Barrett, Jonathan; Leifer, Matthew; Wilce, Alexander

    2007-12-14

    We prove a generalized version of the no-broadcasting theorem, applicable to essentially any nonclassical finite-dimensional probabilistic model satisfying a no-signaling criterion, including ones with "superquantum" correlations. A strengthened version of the quantum no-broadcasting theorem follows, and its proof is significantly simpler than existing proofs of the no-broadcasting theorem.

  14. Radio coverage statistics.

    PubMed

    Lynn, W

    1984-01-01

    The Clearinghouse on Development Communication surveyed 135 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, North and South America, for U.S.A.I.D., to determine the number of radio and television broadcast stations and receivers. Some of the data were obtained from the World Factbook, the World Radio and TV Handbook, and the World Radio and T.V. Facts and Figures, from 1979 to 1981. In those countries where stations are privately owned, audience surveys are often available. In 2 out of 3 developing countries, however, stations are government owned, and no such information is available. Numbers of receivers can sometimes be ascertained from receiver license applications. There is a need for more complete information on broadcast demographics, listening and viewing patterns by the community of world development program personnel.

  15. Racial Justice in Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Church of Christ, New York, NY.

    In response to allegations of blacks that broadcasting stations, especially in the South, discriminate against their interests, the Office of Communications of the United Church of Christ undertook a two-year project (1968-70) to combat discriminatory practices. The project attacked two widespread practices: non-employment or under-employment of…

  16. CATV and the Broadcasters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanagan, Bill

    Competition between cable television systems (CATV) and regular broadcast stations concerns pay-TV and distant signal importation. The pay-TV that CATV provides competes with the networks by "siphoning" away sports and feature films, while the distant signals that CATV imports to a local market "fragment" the local audience and thus reduce the…

  17. The FCC and Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    This report outlines the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) regulatory authority over the licensing and operation of commercial, educational, and public broadcasting in the United States. Also described are rules and regulations governing the program content and advertising, in relation to the fairness doctrine, free speech, and public…

  18. A Profile of Independent Local Radio (Commercial Radio in Great Britain).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sidel, M. Kent

    Commercial and noncommercial radio in the United States and Great Britain have followed opposite paths of development. Unlike the United States, where commercial radio was the historical cornerstone of the broadcasting system, the Independent Local Radio (ILR) of Britain is the newcomer into an environment heavy with the heritage of the…

  19. Obstacles to broadcasting for national integration in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Amienyi, O P

    1989-01-01

    In Nigeria, the media is the major government vehicle to achieve national integration. The problems arise from the approximately 250 ethnic groups speaking many languages. Television and radio have caused disintegration by emphasizing alienation and polarization rather than unity. With more than 178 languages there are major problems for radio and television. The government leaders have promoted a strong interest in creating a unified society through broadcasting, but at the same time have allowed media managers to operate towards goals of ethnic protection. Religion is also a factor that hinders broadcasting for national unity, since there are Hausa and Muslim in the north, Catholic in the south-east, and in the south-west there are many African ethnic religions. More than 60% of the local programming on television is keyed to local religious subjects. Illiteracy is also a problem in the use of broadcasting in the goal of national integration. Only through education of a socially conscious people can the religious fanaticism, ethnocentrism, and tribalism be overcome to form a united nation. Broadcasting can play an important role consistent with the needs of society as a whole. Managers in broadcasting must be well educated, well trained and understand the needs and ambitions of society. They need to support these needs and ambitions, and be constructively critical when necessary for the betterment of society.

  20. Obstacles to broadcasting for national integration in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Amienyi, O P

    1989-01-01

    In Nigeria, the media is the major government vehicle to achieve national integration. The problems arise from the approximately 250 ethnic groups speaking many languages. Television and radio have caused disintegration by emphasizing alienation and polarization rather than unity. With more than 178 languages there are major problems for radio and television. The government leaders have promoted a strong interest in creating a unified society through broadcasting, but at the same time have allowed media managers to operate towards goals of ethnic protection. Religion is also a factor that hinders broadcasting for national unity, since there are Hausa and Muslim in the north, Catholic in the south-east, and in the south-west there are many African ethnic religions. More than 60% of the local programming on television is keyed to local religious subjects. Illiteracy is also a problem in the use of broadcasting in the goal of national integration. Only through education of a socially conscious people can the religious fanaticism, ethnocentrism, and tribalism be overcome to form a united nation. Broadcasting can play an important role consistent with the needs of society as a whole. Managers in broadcasting must be well educated, well trained and understand the needs and ambitions of society. They need to support these needs and ambitions, and be constructively critical when necessary for the betterment of society. PMID:12316205

  1. Broadcast media and the dissemination of weather information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Byrnes, J.

    1973-01-01

    Although television is the public's most preferred source of weather information, it fails to provide weather reports to those groups who seek the information early in the day and during the day. The result is that many people most often use radio as a source of information, yet preferring the medium of television. The public actively seeks weather information from both radio and TV stations, usually seeking information on current conditions and short range forecasts. forecasts. Nearly all broadcast stations surveyed were eager to air severe weather bulletins quickly and often. Interest in Nowcasting was high among radio and TV broadcasters, with a significant portion indicating a willingness to pay something for the service. However, interest among TV stations in increasing the number of daily reports was small.

  2. Can broadcasting make a difference?

    PubMed

    Lozare, B V

    1989-01-01

    Communication has untapped potential as a catalyst for community power in developing countries. Greater clarity is needed, however, on the channels of communication that will best integrate the contributions of diverse private and public agencies to meeting development needs. Also needed is a greater emphasis on strategic rather than technical aspects of communication. Most studies of communication have focused on the individual radio listener or television viewer, thereby ignoring the influence of broader forces. A concern for psychological determinants of decision making has led to a neglect of systemic factors. Another major error has been the failure to design longitudinal studies, or at least to collect information at 2 points in time. All of these observations point to a need to study power (economic, political, and social) as a crucial variable in understanding development. Moreover, there is a need for more attention to the role and impact of broadcasting on conflict management--an approach that requires abandoning traditional consensus models of communication. Yet another problem has been blind acceptance of the assumption that development communication and development support communication are unitary concepts that are universally applicable in all countries, all social and cultural contexts, and all development conditions. This unitary approach leads to the false conclusion that there is a grand model of development, and all communication personnel have to do is to see how radio and television fit into this conceptual framework. Finally, there has been a failure to appreciate fully the magnitude of poverty. If true development (defined as the capability of a people to go from where they are to where they want to be) is to occur, these strategic issues must be given serious attention.

  3. Can broadcasting make a difference?

    PubMed

    Lozare, B V

    1989-01-01

    Communication has untapped potential as a catalyst for community power in developing countries. Greater clarity is needed, however, on the channels of communication that will best integrate the contributions of diverse private and public agencies to meeting development needs. Also needed is a greater emphasis on strategic rather than technical aspects of communication. Most studies of communication have focused on the individual radio listener or television viewer, thereby ignoring the influence of broader forces. A concern for psychological determinants of decision making has led to a neglect of systemic factors. Another major error has been the failure to design longitudinal studies, or at least to collect information at 2 points in time. All of these observations point to a need to study power (economic, political, and social) as a crucial variable in understanding development. Moreover, there is a need for more attention to the role and impact of broadcasting on conflict management--an approach that requires abandoning traditional consensus models of communication. Yet another problem has been blind acceptance of the assumption that development communication and development support communication are unitary concepts that are universally applicable in all countries, all social and cultural contexts, and all development conditions. This unitary approach leads to the false conclusion that there is a grand model of development, and all communication personnel have to do is to see how radio and television fit into this conceptual framework. Finally, there has been a failure to appreciate fully the magnitude of poverty. If true development (defined as the capability of a people to go from where they are to where they want to be) is to occur, these strategic issues must be given serious attention. PMID:12282455

  4. Reliable broadcast protocols

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joseph, T. A.; Birman, Kenneth P.

    1989-01-01

    A number of broadcast protocols that are reliable subject to a variety of ordering and delivery guarantees are considered. Developing applications that are distributed over a number of sites and/or must tolerate the failures of some of them becomes a considerably simpler task when such protocols are available for communication. Without such protocols the kinds of distributed applications that can reasonably be built will have a very limited scope. As the trend towards distribution and decentralization continues, it will not be surprising if reliable broadcast protocols have the same role in distributed operating systems of the future that message passing mechanisms have in the operating systems of today. On the other hand, the problems of engineering such a system remain large. For example, deciding which protocol is the most appropriate to use in a certain situation or how to balance the latency-communication-storage costs is not an easy question.

  5. Cross-band broadcasting

    SciTech Connect

    Bynum, Leo; Gramann, Mark R.; Bacon, Larry D.

    2015-06-23

    A radio communications device has a modulator that modulates each of a number of different carrier signals with the same message. A combiner combines the modulated carrier signals into a single combined output signal. A radio transmitter receives the single combined output signal and in response simultaneously transmits the modulated carrier signals over the air. Other embodiments are also described.

  6. The Radio Language Arts Project: adapting the radio mathematics model.

    PubMed

    Christensen, P R

    1985-01-01

    Kenya's Radio Language Arts Project, directed by the Academy for Educational Development in cooperation with the Kenya Institute of Education in 1980-85, sought to teach English to rural school children in grades 1-3 through use of an intensive, radio-based instructional system. Daily 1/2 hour lessons are broadcast throughout the school year and supported by teachers and print materials. The project further was aimed at testing the feasibility of adaptation of the successful Nicaraguan Radio Math Project to a new subject area. Difficulties were encountered in articulating a language curriculum with the precision required for a media-based instructional system. Also a challenge was defining the acceptable regional standard for pronunciation and grammar; British English was finally selected. An important modification of the Radio Math model concerned the role of the teacher. While Radio Math sought to reduce the teacher's responsibilities during the broadcast, Radio Language Arts teachers played an important instructional role during the English lesson broadcasts by providing translation and checks on work. Evaluations of the Radio language Arts Project suggest significant gains in speaking, listening, and reading skills as well as high levels of satisfaction on the part of parents and teachers.

  7. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... may perform published nondramatic musical compositions subject to the following schedule of...

  8. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... may perform published nondramatic musical compositions subject to the following schedule of...

  9. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... may perform published nondramatic musical compositions subject to the following schedule of...

  10. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... may perform published nondramatic musical compositions subject to the following schedule of...

  11. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges, universities... may perform published nondramatic musical compositions subject to the following schedule of...

  12. Scholarly but Relevant: A Comparison of Topic Frequency between "Journalism Quarterly,""Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media," and RTNDA "Communicator."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozmun, David

    A study compared the topics addressed in a professional trade publication, the RTNDA (Radio and Television News Directors Association) "Communicator," with topics specifically addressing broadcast news in the scholarly journals "Journalism Quarterly" and "Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media." The purpose of the research was to help…

  13. Enhancing Community Knowledge and Health Behaviors to Eliminate Blinding Trachoma in Mali Using Radio Messaging as a Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bamani, Sanoussi; Toubali, Emily; Diarra, Sadio; Goita, Seydou; Berte, Zana; Coulibaly, Famolo; Sangare, Hama; Tuinsma, Marjon; Zhang, Yaobi; Dembele, Benoit; Melvin, Palesa; MacArthur, Chad

    2013-01-01

    The National Blindness Prevention Program in Mali has broadcast messages on the radio about trachoma as part of the country's trachoma elimination strategy since 2008. In 2011, a radio impact survey using multi-stage cluster sampling was conducted in the regions of Kayes and Segou to assess radio listening habits, coverage of the broadcasts,…

  14. 37 CFR 381.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  15. 37 CFR 381.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  16. 37 CFR 381.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  17. 37 CFR 381.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions... copyrighted musical compositions, including performances by noncommercial radio stations, shall apply in...

  18. Broadcast Education: Fighting the Trade School Image.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamalipour, Yahya R.

    A number of misconceptions exist concerning broadcast education. Professional broadcasters often complain that broadcast students receive too little "hands-on" training, while academicians decry current broadcasting programs which do not challenge the students intellectually. In addition, broadcast students have their own set of expectations based…

  19. Health Education by Radio: A Zambian Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitanda, Rackson

    Zambia's Health Education News radio program, which was launched in 1982, features 15-minute broadcasts in English and several local languages. The primary objectives of the radio program are to encourage individuals to attend various health clinics and get their children immunized, teach communities to value their health, make people accept…

  20. Curricular Dimensions of Broadcast Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orlik, Peter B., Ed.

    The 14 course outlines in this paper represent the culmination of a 2-year project by the Broadcast Education Association's Courses and Curricula Committee. They were selected for outlining based upon either the frequency with which they were included in the curriculum of institutions offering comprehensive programs in broadcast education or the…

  1. Sexuality, Television and Broadcast Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Melvin S.

    This monograph provides a rationale for contemporary guidelines for the television and broadcast network management of sexual content in proposed progam materials. Beginning with a brief outline of the professional practices and responsibilities of broadcast standards editors, it then explores the relationships between sexual development,…

  2. Reactive broadcasting protocol for video on demand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paris, Jehan-Francois; Carter, Steven W.; Long, Darrell D. E.

    1999-12-01

    We propose a reactive broadcasting protocol that addresses the problem of distributing moderately popular videos in a more efficient fashion. Like all efficient broadcasting protocols, reactive broadcasting assumes that the customer set-top box has enough local storage to store at least one half of each video being watched. Unlike other broadcasting protocols, reactive broadcasting only broadcasts the later portions of each video. the initial segment of each video is distributed on demand using a stream tapping protocol. Our simulations show that reactive broadcasting outperforms both conventional broadcasting protocols and pure stream tapping for a wide range of video request rates.

  3. Commercial satellite broadcasting for Europe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forrest, J. R.

    1988-12-01

    A review is presented of the current television broadcasting situation in European countries, which involves a varied mix of terrestrial VHF or UHF systems and cable networks. A small market has emerged in Europe for receivers using the low-power telecommunications satellite transmission between the program providers and cable network companies. This is expected to change with the launch of medium-power pan-European telecommunication satellites (e.g. ASTRA, EUTELSAT II), which are now directly addressing the market of home reception. DBS (direct broadcast satellite) in the UK, using the D-MAC transmission standard, will offer three additional television channels, data broadcasting services, and a planned evolution to compatible forms of wide-screen, high-definition television. Comments are given on receiver and conditional access system standardization. Some views are expressed on satellite broadcasting as part of an overall broadcasting framework for the future.

  4. Synchronizing carrier frequencies of co-channel amplitude-modulated broadcast

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2007-05-15

    Systems and methods are described for carrier-frequency synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a reference signal receiver; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  5. Carrier-frequency synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2003-05-13

    Systems and methods are described for carrier-frequency synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a reference signal receiver; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  6. Broadcasting but not receiving: density dependence considerations for SETI signals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Reginald D.

    2009-04-01

    This paper develops a detailed quantitative model which uses the Drake equation and an assumption of an average maximum radio broadcasting distance by an communicative civilization. Using this basis, it estimates the minimum civilization density for contact between two civilizations to be probable in a given volume of space under certain conditions, the amount of time it would take for a first contact, and the question of whether reciprocal contact is possible.

  7. Shortwave Radio: A Tool for Integrating the Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Irvin L.

    Because of their geographical isolation from major population centers, many of the islands of Micronesia are without live television or daily newspapers. However, the skies of the Pacific are alive with radio broadcasts that can be received with shortwave radios. This presentation explains the nature of shortwave radio and describes how teachers…

  8. Producing Interactive Educational Radio Programs for Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yuzer, T. Volkan; Kurubacak, Gulsun

    2004-01-01

    It is not surprising that the interactivity affects radio and its applications. Besides, after radio began its first broadcasting, new inventions affected its development two ways: 1) the first one was the technological developments of sciences. For instance, the invention of transistors made it possible to create very small radio machines, and…

  9. DBS Radio: Deathstar or Dud? Info. Packets No. 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pizzi, Skip

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has been progressing over the past 5 years toward the institution of Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio (DBS-R) which would institute a new type of radio service. The FCC refers to the service as Satellite DARS (Digital Audio Radio Service), and it would provide reliable, high-fidelity satellite-delivered…

  10. A Simple Radio Receiver Aids Understanding of Wireless Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Straulino, S.; Orlando, A.

    2012-01-01

    The basic theory of radio broadcasting is discussed from an experimental point of view. First, concepts like wave modulation and tuning are explained with the use of instruments in the physics laboratory. Then, a very basic radio receiver is described and assembled, whose most important feature, like in the old "crystal radios", is the absence of…

  11. The Role of Radio in the Canadian North -- The Far North.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Heather E.

    1977-01-01

    Describes the radio system in the Canadian North and efforts that have been made to use radio to provide a mixture of relevant national, regional, and local information. Also reports the results of a survey on the use of Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Northern shortwave broadcasts. (JMF)

  12. Satellite sound broadcast propagation measurements and system impairments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vogel, Wolfhard J.; Torrence, Geoffrey W.; Golshan, Nasser

    1992-01-01

    An evaluation of the operational characteristics of indoor portable reception of satellite sound reception has identified the nature of UHF and L-band signals' penetration loss in the cases of buildings having intricate spectral and spatial signal structures. These propagation impairments must be mitigated by resort to a combination of link margin, diversity techniques, and/or the efforts of a listener to place the radio (or its antenna) in an advantageous location. Attention is given to cost/performance tradeoffs for a mix of these measures, with a view to Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio system design.

  13. Literacy in Tunisia: Educational Radio and Television for Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tahar, El Arbi

    1971-01-01

    The national campaign for literacy in Tunisia provides television broadcasts completed by radio programs. Adults listening to the broadcasts belong to organized centers, with qualified instructors, to semi-organized centers in the hands of national organizations, or to family centers providing instructional materials. (EB)

  14. Optimal broadcasting of mixed states

    SciTech Connect

    Dang Guifang; Fan Heng

    2007-08-15

    The N to M (M{>=}N) universal quantum broadcasting of mixed states {rho}{sup xN} is proposed for a qubit system. The broadcasting of mixed states is universal and optimal in the sense that the shrinking factor is independent of the input state and achieves the upper bound. The quantum broadcasting of mixed qubits is a generalization of the universal quantum cloning machine for identical pure input states. A pure state decomposition of the identical mixed qubits {rho}{sup xN} is obtained.

  15. A direct broadcast satellite-audio experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaisnys, Arvydas; Abbe, Brian; Motamedi, Masoud

    1992-03-01

    System studies have been carried out over the past three years at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) on digital audio broadcasting (DAB) via satellite. The thrust of the work to date has been on designing power and bandwidth efficient systems capable of providing reliable service to fixed, mobile, and portable radios. It is very difficult to predict performance in an environment which produces random periods of signal blockage, such as encountered in mobile reception where a vehicle can quickly move from one type of terrain to another. For this reason, some signal blockage mitigation techniques were built into an experimental DAB system and a satellite experiment was conducted to obtain both qualitative and quantitative measures of performance in a range of reception environments. This paper presents results from the experiment and some conclusions on the effectiveness of these blockage mitigation techniques.

  16. A direct broadcast satellite-audio experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vaisnys, Arvydas; Abbe, Brian; Motamedi, Masoud

    1992-01-01

    System studies have been carried out over the past three years at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) on digital audio broadcasting (DAB) via satellite. The thrust of the work to date has been on designing power and bandwidth efficient systems capable of providing reliable service to fixed, mobile, and portable radios. It is very difficult to predict performance in an environment which produces random periods of signal blockage, such as encountered in mobile reception where a vehicle can quickly move from one type of terrain to another. For this reason, some signal blockage mitigation techniques were built into an experimental DAB system and a satellite experiment was conducted to obtain both qualitative and quantitative measures of performance in a range of reception environments. This paper presents results from the experiment and some conclusions on the effectiveness of these blockage mitigation techniques.

  17. FM echolocating bats shift frequencies to avoid broadcast-echo ambiguity in clutter.

    PubMed

    Hiryu, Shizuko; Bates, Mary E; Simmons, James A; Riquimaroux, Hiroshi

    2010-04-13

    Sonar broadcasts are followed by echoes at different delays from objects at different distances. When broadcasts are emitted rapidly in cluttered surroundings, echo streams from successive broadcasts overlap and cause ambiguity in matching echoes to corresponding broadcasts. To identify reactions to ambiguity in clutter, echolocating bats that emit multiple-harmonic FM sounds were trained to fly into a dense, extended array of obstacles (multiple rows of vertically hanging chains) while the sonar sounds the bat emitted were recorded with a miniature radio microphone carried by the bat. Flight paths were reconstructed from thermal-infrared video recordings. Successive rows of chains extended more than 6 m in depth, so each broadcast was followed by a series of echoes from multiple rows of chains that lasted up to 40 ms. Bats emitted sounds in pairs ("strobe groups") at short (20-40 ms) interpulse intervals (IPIs) alternating with longer IPIs (>50 ms). For many short IPIs, the stream of echoes from the first broadcast was still arriving when the second broadcast was emitted. This overlap caused ambiguity about matching echoes with broadcasts. Bats shifted frequencies of the first sound in each strobe group upward and the second sound downward by 3-6 kHz. When overlap and ambiguity ceased, frequency shifts ceased also. Frequency differences were small compared with the total broadcast band, which was 75-80 kHz wide, but the harmonic structure of echoes enhances the differences in spectrograms. Bats could use time-frequency comparisons of echoes with broadcasts to assign echoes to the corresponding broadcasts and thus avoid ambiguity.

  18. Recent and Proposed Changes in Broadcasting Structures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Himmelweit, Hilde T.; And Others

    These three reports describe recent and proposed changes to broadcasting structures in Great Britain, the Arab states, and Sweden. The Annan Committee on the Future of British Broadcasting reports developments in British broadcasting since 1960, changes proposed by the committee, and the reaction of the broadcast industry to those proposals. A…

  19. Radio Galaxies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downes, Ann

    1986-01-01

    Provides background information on radio galaxies. Topic areas addressed include: what produces the radio emission; radio telescopes; locating radio galaxies; how distances to radio galaxies are found; physics of radio galaxies; computer simulations of radio galaxies; and the evolution of radio galaxies with cosmic time. (JN)

  20. 47 CFR 73.1692 - Broadcast station construction near or installation on an AM broadcast tower.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... installation on an AM broadcast tower. 73.1692 Section 73.1692 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS... Stations § 73.1692 Broadcast station construction near or installation on an AM broadcast tower. Where a broadcast licensee or permittee proposes to mount a broadcast antenna on an AM station tower, or...

  1. Wireless data transmission through in-band on-channel digital audio broadcasting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vigil, A. J.

    1995-12-01

    USA Digital Radio (USADR) is finalizing the development of new state-of-the-art formats for in-band on-channel (IBOC) delivery of digital audio broadcasting (DAB). USADR's IBOC DAB systems are designed for top-notch digital audio delivery as well as enhanced ancillary data transmission capabilities. USADR's AM and FM IBOC DAB systems employ MUSICAMR source encoding as well as innovative modulation techniques which address the various radio channel impairments characteristic of AM and FM band propagation. The USADR IBOC DAB systems are designed to be backwards compatible with conventional AM and FM broadcasting for a seamless and cost-effective transition to DAB.

  2. Broadcast normalization in systolic design

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, F.C. ); Wu, I.C. )

    1988-11-01

    When a sequential algorithm is directly mapped into an array of processing elements, quite likely data broadcasts are required and their source places vary during the computation. The authors introduce a normalization method to fix the positions of the broadcast sources so that the derived design can be further transformed by retimings into a systolic array. The authors' method is fully illustrated in designing systolic arrays for enumeration sort, solving simultaneous linear equations, and computing transitive closure.

  3. Radio-Frequency Electronics, Circuits and Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hagen, Jon B.

    This accessible and comprehensive book provides an introduction to the basic concepts and key circuits of radio frequency systems, covering fundamental principles which apply to all radio devices, from wireless data transceivers on semiconductor chips to high-power broadcast transmitters. Topics covered include filters, amplifiers, oscillators, modulators, low-noise amplifiers, phase-locked loops, and transformers. Applications of radio frequency systems are described in such areas as communications, radio and television broadcasting, radar, and radio astronomy. The book contains many exercises, and assumes only a knowledge of elementary electronics and circuit analysis. It will be an ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in electrical engineering, as well as an invaluable reference for researchers and professional engineers in this area, or for those moving into the field of wireless communications.

  4. Array processor with multiple broadcasting

    SciTech Connect

    Kumar, V.K.P.; Raghavendra, C.S.

    1987-04-01

    In this paper the authors consider a generalized broadcasting feature for mesh connected computers (MCCs) which consists of N = N/sup 1/2/ x N/sup 1/2/ processors with broadcasting features in each row and each column. This multiple broadcast allows parallel data transfers within rows and columns of processors. The proposed architecture is suited for solution of problems in linear algebra, image processing, computational geometry, and numerical computations. They develop parallel algorithms for many problems in these areas for example, they can find max in O(N/sup 1/6/), median in O(N/sup 1/6/(log N)/sup 2/3/), convex polygon of a digitized picture in O(N/sup 1/6/), and nearest neighbor in O(N/sup 1/6/), while these problems need ..cap omega..(N/sup 1/3/) on a 2-MCC with single broadcast. The authors also derive bounds on the speedups obtainable with broadcasting.

  5. Solar-photovoltaic power for broadcasting stations: an economic analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Nichols, B.E.; Katzman, M.T.

    1982-08-01

    An economic analysis of the profitability for broadcasting stations of replacing conventional electricity with on-site solar photovoltaic power systems has been undertaken. Technological characteristics of these power systems are presented along with the economic assumptions necessary for their evaluation. Time of initial profitability, time of optimal investment, optimum system capacity, and impact of tax incentivs on profitability are analyzed for several locations in the country representative of the range of insolation conditions. The analyses indicate that photovoltaic power systems are expected, if cost predictions are met, to prove profitable for the broadcasting market in the Southwest by the early 1980s, in the South by the mid-1980s and in the Northeast by the late 1980s. The study was performed in 1979 and was used o help design an experimental PV power system for a radio station in Ohio, which was installed in that year and has operated successfully ever since.

  6. Direct broadcast satellite-audio, portable and mobile reception tradeoffs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports on the findings of a systems tradeoffs study on direct broadcast satellite-radio (DBS-R). Based on emerging advanced subband and transform audio coding systems, four ranges of bit rates: 16-32 kbps, 48-64 kbps, 96-128 kbps and 196-256 kbps are identified for DBS-R. The corresponding grades of audio quality will be subjectively comparable to AM broadcasting, monophonic FM, stereophonic FM, and CD quality audio, respectively. The satellite EIRP's needed for mobile DBS-R reception in suburban areas are sufficient for portable reception in most single family houses when allowance is made for the higher G/T of portable table-top receivers. As an example, the variation of the space segment cost as a function of frequency, audio quality, coverage capacity, and beam size is explored for a typical DBS-R system.

  7. The Use of the Cypriot-Greek Dialect in the Commercials of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavlou, Pavlos Y.

    A study investigated the use of the Cypriot Greek dialect (CG) in radio commercials of the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) over a period of ten years. CG, the language of everyday interaction in Cypriot villages, is distinguished from the other language variety commonly used, one closer to standard modern Greek. Analysis of the radio…

  8. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... blanketing interference. Section 73.322FM stereophonic sound transmission standards. Section 73... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... of taped, filmed, or recorded material. Section 73.1210TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in...

  9. Partnerships for Free Choice Learning: Public Libraries, Museums, and Public Broadcasters Working Together.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Chris; Manjarrez, Carlos A.

    This study explores partnerships among cultural and educational institutions engaged in informal lifelong learning, focusing on public libraries, museums, public radio, and public television. Data come from surveys of adults; surveys of library, museum, and public broadcast station executives and staff; and field investigations in seven urban…

  10. The Effect of Transmission Times on Students' Use of OU Broadcasts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grundin, Hans U.

    This paper presents the results of analyses of viewing and listening rates observed in 1974, 1976, and 1977 surveys of student use of Open University broadcasting in conjunction with data regarding transmission times and number of television or radio programs per course. In this analysis, nine different transmission time categories are identified,…

  11. Planeta Vivo Radio: a 365 chapter story between science and radio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calvo, David; Villalba, Eustaquio; Rodríguez, Fátima; Álvarez, Domingo; Pérez, Nemesio M.

    2016-04-01

    PLANETA VIVO RADIO (http://www.planetavivoradio.es/) is a joint effort of the Spanish National Public Radio in the Canary Islands (RNE-Canarias) and Instituto Volcanológico de Canarias (INVOLCAN) to broadcast scientific and technological advances related to Earth Sciences and the Earth Planet. This initiative was born in a very special year, 2008, the International Year of the Planet Earth, and is actually co-financed by the Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Tenerife (PCTT) and co-financed by the PROCIVMAC project. This 50 minutes weekly radio program broadcast scientists' interviews and scientific/technological reports related to the state of the art of several topics of scientific and social interest in addition to a weekly report of natural hazards that have occurred in the Earth Planet during the last week turning "PLANETAVIVORADIO" as a milestone of the Earth Sciences for the society. Since that moment, Planeta Vivo Radio has been broadcasted through 365 weeks in a continuous way. Several modifications have been added to the program, being divided today into eight different parts, a mix with interviews, reports, ephemerals, bios, agenda and the review to the most prominent natural hazards occurring through the last seven days. Since October 2015, Planeta Vivo Radio is the longest science radio program ever broadcasted in the Canary Islands.

  12. Les emissions de radio et de television en langue francaise pour l'enseignement du francais et pour la diffusion de la culture francaise (French Language Radio and Television Broadcasts for French Language Instruction and for the Diffusion of the French Culture).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thureau, Josiane; Koesten, Leo

    1980-01-01

    Provides a listing of radio and television programs that teach French language and civilization, the result of two worldwide surveys, one conducted by "Le Francais dans le Monde," the other by the French Foreign Affairs Ministry. The programs are listed alphabetically by country and accompanied by a brief description. (MES)

  13. Design considerations for EOS direct broadcast

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vermillion, Charles H.; Chan, Paul H.

    1991-01-01

    The critical issues associated with EOS direct broadcast are investigated, and design approaches are recommended for the EOS direct broadcast transmission and ground receiving. In particular, the discussion covers the choice of data subsets for direct broadcast; the mode of transmission; impact of power, mass, and cost; design of ground stations; and the feasibility of on-board processing for direct broadcast. Data acquisition considerations for stations with data rates of 100 and 10 Mbps are examined.

  14. A New Look at the Broadcast Curricula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, Charles F.

    The author reviews the development of broadcast education and its current status, and then discusses some of the dissatisfactions that educators, broadcasters, and students have with the present broadcast curricula. He feels that communications departments should offer programs that serve all college students, not merely those who are interested…

  15. Counterads: Broadcasting and the First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meeske, Milan D.

    The author claims that one of the results of the pressure put on broadcasting to increase its availability as a discussion forum is the development of "counteradvertising," editorial advertising that involves the broadcasting of opinion on controversial issues. This is an outgrowth of the FCC ruling that broadcasters provide free time for…

  16. Copyright Considerations in Educational Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aleinikoff, Eugene N.

    The discussion of copyright law presented here begins with a summary of a few basic aspects of American copyright law. It then goes on to discuss the particular application of this law to educational broadcasting by explaining first copyright law itself and then the historical doctrine of "fair use". "Fair use" is not mentioned in the copyright…

  17. Broadcast control of air traffic

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Litchford, G. B.

    1972-01-01

    The development of a system of broadcast control for improved flight safety and air traffic control is discussed. The system provides a balance of equality between improved cockpit guidance and control capability and ground control in order to provide the pilot with a greater degree of participation. The manner in which the system is operated and the equipment required for safe operation are examined.

  18. Learning English Language by Radio in Primary Schools in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odera, Florence Y.

    2011-01-01

    Radio is one of the most affordable educational technologies available for the use in education and development in developing countries. This article explores the use of school radio broadcast to assist teachers and pupils to learn and improve English language both written and spoken in Kenyan primary schools. English language occupies a central…

  19. Eleanor Roosevelt: First Lady as Radio Pioneer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beasley, Maurine H.; Belgrade, Paul

    Eleanor Roosevelt's commercial radio broadcasts during her White House years (1933-1945) were significant for three reasons. First, she was one of the few women who performed as a news commentator during this period. Her ability to pursue such a career owed much to her position as First Lady and represented the merging of the roles of celebrity…

  20. Shortwave Radio and the Second Language Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wipf, Joseph A.

    1984-01-01

    As the emphasis on global education continues to grow, students and teachers who are serious about hearing a second language on a routine basis should consider the acquisition of a shortwave radio. Broadcasts, edited with care and used creatively, have the potential of filling learner needs at various levels of instruction. (SL)

  1. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  2. "At 75 You Don't Expect to Become a Radio Star"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanistreet, Paul

    2011-01-01

    When 75-year-old Margaret Corston saw a poster in her local library advertising a course in basic radio broadcasting skills, she little thought that some 18 months later she would be hosting her own weekly show, with thousands of listeners, on community radio. From small beginnings--her first course was called "First Steps in Radio"--she began to…

  3. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  4. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  5. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  6. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  7. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  8. A Study of Public Radio Stations' Educational Services, 1978-79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    This second national survey of public radio stations' involvement in educational services to schools, colleges, and universities was conducted by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) for use by individual public radio stations, educational agencies, and other organizations interested and involved in planning public radio's services to…

  9. LBRIG Newsletter [Newsletter of the Language by Radio Interest Group]. Vol. 2, Nos. 1-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garfinkel, Alan, Ed.; And Others

    Volume 2 of the Language by Radio Interest Group (LBRIG) Newsletter consists of news items, short articles, general information, and opinions on the subject of language learning by radio. The first number in the volume contains the following feature articles: "Radio and Communicative Competence," by Kimball L. Robinson; "Shortwave Broadcast and…

  10. Starship Earth: A Model for Advising Environmental Discussions on College Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosengrant, Kim

    Because college radio offers a less structured environment, a natural habitat is created which provides for broadcasting experimental shows such as Starship Earth, an environmental radio show on East Stroudsburg University's (Pennsylvania) college radio station, WESS 90.3 FM. Environmental problems, issues, and solutions are discussed on the show.…

  11. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  12. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  13. Midwest Radio Survey: Management Identification of Vocational Needs and Perceptions of Entry-Level Skills and Long-Term Success Characteristics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parcells, Frank E.

    To help with the curriculum development of college broadcasting programs, a survey was administered to 375 radio station managers in major, medium, and small midwest markets. Designed to establish the vocational needs of radio stations, determine and prioritize entry level broadcasting skills, and identify characteristics of success for long-term…

  14. Status of women in Nigerian broadcasting media: a case for representation and upward mobility.

    PubMed

    Pate, U A

    1994-06-01

    Questionnaires completed by 45 female employees from 8 broadcast stations in Nigeria revealed that, despite some growth in female employment in areas such as programming, the status of women in this sector reproduces women's subordinate status in the broader society. For every 1 woman employed in the state radio stations and state and federal television stations represented in the survey, there were 7 male employees. Although the 3 states covered have an aggregate population of 4.3 million women, only 231 represent them in broadcasting. Moreover, female journalists are concentrated in the lowest status positions and tend to be relegated to coverage of women's and social issues rather than news and current affairs. Respondents cited the following factors as responsible for the low representation of women in broadcasting: cultural factors (20 respondents), a late start (15), male chauvinism (5), and a lack of dedication (5). At the same time, 40 of the 45 respondents indicated they believed women have equal opportunities to men in the broadcast media, given ability and perseverance, and 35 ranked the prospects for the next generation of female journalists as wide open. Greater visibility of female broadcasters in the higher ranks of the industry and in news-oriented reporting positions is essential to undercut stereotypes of women as wives and mothers only. Urged is a conscious effort on the part of the Nigerian broadcasting industry to attract more women to the field and provide them with the training needed to career advancement.

  15. Status of women in Nigerian broadcasting media: a case for representation and upward mobility.

    PubMed

    Pate, U A

    1994-06-01

    Questionnaires completed by 45 female employees from 8 broadcast stations in Nigeria revealed that, despite some growth in female employment in areas such as programming, the status of women in this sector reproduces women's subordinate status in the broader society. For every 1 woman employed in the state radio stations and state and federal television stations represented in the survey, there were 7 male employees. Although the 3 states covered have an aggregate population of 4.3 million women, only 231 represent them in broadcasting. Moreover, female journalists are concentrated in the lowest status positions and tend to be relegated to coverage of women's and social issues rather than news and current affairs. Respondents cited the following factors as responsible for the low representation of women in broadcasting: cultural factors (20 respondents), a late start (15), male chauvinism (5), and a lack of dedication (5). At the same time, 40 of the 45 respondents indicated they believed women have equal opportunities to men in the broadcast media, given ability and perseverance, and 35 ranked the prospects for the next generation of female journalists as wide open. Greater visibility of female broadcasters in the higher ranks of the industry and in news-oriented reporting positions is essential to undercut stereotypes of women as wives and mothers only. Urged is a conscious effort on the part of the Nigerian broadcasting industry to attract more women to the field and provide them with the training needed to career advancement. PMID:12287746

  16. Carrier phase synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2011-02-01

    Systems and methods are described for carrier phase synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing the phase of a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with the phase of a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a receiver to detect the phase of a reference signal; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal-phase receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a phase-controlled radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  17. Carrier phase synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F [Loudon, TN; Moore, James A [Powell, TN

    2009-09-08

    Systems and methods are described for carrier phase synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing the phase of a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with the phase of a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a receiver to detect the phase of a reference signal; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal-phase receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a phase-controlled radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  18. Reliable broadcast in hypercube multicomputers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramanathan, P.; Shin, Kang G.

    1988-01-01

    A simple algorithm for broadcasting in a hypercube multicomputer containing faulty nodes/links is proposed. The algorithm delivers multiple copies of the broadcast message through disjoint paths to all the modes in the system. Its salient feature is that the delivery of the multiple copies is transparent to the processes receiving the message and does not require the processes to know the identity of the faulty processors. The processes on nonfaulty nodes that receive the message identify the original message from the multiple copies using some scheme appropriate for the fault model used. The algorithm completes in n + 1 steps if each node can simultaneously use all of its outgoing links. If each node cannot use more than one outgoing link at a time, then the algorithm requires 2n steps.

  19. The RadioSat (sm) network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noreen, Gary K.

    1991-01-01

    The RadioSat network under development by radio Satellite Corporation will use mobile satellite (MSAT) technology to provide diverse personal communications, broadcast, and navigation services. The network will support these services simultaneously for integrated mobile radios throughout Canada and the United States. The RadioSat network takes advantage of several technological breakthroughs, all coming to fruition by the time the first MSAT satellite is launched in 1994. The most important of these breakthroughs is the enormous radiated power of each MSAT spacecraft - orders of magnitude greater than the radiated power of previous L-band spacecraft. Another important breakthrough is the development of advanced digital audio compression algorithms, enabling the transmission of broadcast quality music at moderate data rates. Finally, continuing dramatic increases in VLSI capabilities permit the production of complex, multi-function mobile satellite radios in very large quantities at prices little more than those of conventional car radios. In addition to performance breakthroughs and their economic implications to RadioSat, the design of the RadioSat network is reviewed.

  20. The RadioSat (sm) network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noreen, Gary K.

    1991-09-01

    The RadioSat network under development by radio Satellite Corporation will use mobile satellite (MSAT) technology to provide diverse personal communications, broadcast, and navigation services. The network will support these services simultaneously for integrated mobile radios throughout Canada and the United States. The RadioSat network takes advantage of several technological breakthroughs, all coming to fruition by the time the first MSAT satellite is launched in 1994. The most important of these breakthroughs is the enormous radiated power of each MSAT spacecraft - orders of magnitude greater than the radiated power of previous L-band spacecraft. Another important breakthrough is the development of advanced digital audio compression algorithms, enabling the transmission of broadcast quality music at moderate data rates. Finally, continuing dramatic increases in VLSI capabilities permit the production of complex, multi-function mobile satellite radios in very large quantities at prices little more than those of conventional car radios. In addition to performance breakthroughs and their economic implications to RadioSat, the design of the RadioSat network is reviewed.

  1. Back to College. Transcript of Program Scheduled for Broadcast for the Week of September 27, 1976. Program No. 46. Options in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    "Options in Education" is a weekly radio magazine covering news, features, policy, and people in the field of education produced by National Public Radio and the Institute for Educational Leadership. This broadcast presents Geoffrey Blodgett discussing students' heroes, villains, and ideals; Rose Tobin on student mood at Berkeley; and Phil Berger…

  2. 75 FR 17874 - Digital Audio Broadcasting Systems and Their Impact on the Terrestrial Radio Broadcast Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-08

    ... Related Documents In the First Report and Order in MM Docket No. 99-325 (See 67 FR 78193, December 12..., and Public Notice DA 09-1127 on May 22, 2009 (See 74 FR 27985, June 12, 2009). Over 60 parties filed... collection requirement(s) adopted in this document (See 75 FR 10266, March 5, 2010). The requirement(s)...

  3. Live Radio Networking for Educational Stations: NAEB Seminar (University of Wisconsin, July 17-21, 1960).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Betty, Ed.; And Others

    A National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB) seminar reviewed the development of regional live educational networking and the prospect of a national network to broadcast programs of educational, cultural, and informational interest. Of the 137 operating NAEB radio stations, contributing to the insufficient news communication resources…

  4. Radio for formal education and for development communication.

    PubMed

    Jamison, D T

    1978-09-01

    A substantial body of literature documents the successful use of open radio broadcasting, radio campaigns, and radio-listening groups in nonformal education and other aspects of development communication. The 4 alternative strategies for using radio in formal education -- using radio to enrich learning, direct instruction, extending in-school education, and distance learning -- need to be assessed in terms of users' needs. The use of radio to enrich in-school education holds little promise for major improvements, but the potential for the use of radio in direct instruction in 1 or more subjects is promising and presents a strong challenge to educators. Case studies of 2 Mexican projects to extend school in order to expand the rural population's access to information and schools were disappointing. Both projects showed that radio could teach about as effectively as traditional elementary school teachers, but neither expanded beyond the pilot stage. Better financing and a firmer government commitment might have made a difference. The use of radio in formal education as a component of a distance-learning system has been successful in Kenya and the Dominican Republic, among other places. The best use of open broadcast is to transmit an interesting message; the most appropriate use of listening-group strategies -- radio schools, farm forums, and radio animation -- are to promote more complex and longterm changes. Communication planners need to be aware that radio can be used in numerous ways in response to a variety of goals. 4 projects are reviewed to illustrate instances in which radio has realized its goals with special success -- the Kenyan health broadcasts, the radio program that used nutrition "ads," the Guatemalan agricultural information programs, and the Tanzania radio campaigns. These projects show that the development goals being promoted and the special characteristics of the project determine the strategy, its effects, and its transferability.

  5. 76 FR 42573 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Oklahoma and Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... proceeding proposed the allotment of a new FM channel at Quanah, Texas. See 65 FR 53689 (September 5, 2000... not contested by the Joint Petitioners. See 68 FR 26557 (May 16, 2003). The Joint Petitioners seek... it the subject of a separate Notice of Proposed Rule Making. See 69 FR 29242 (May 21, 2004)....

  6. 77 FR 58799 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Roaring Springs, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... Longitude. Channel 249C3 can be allotted at Roaring Springs, Texas, in compliance with the Commission's... Roaring Springs, at 33-57-55 North Latitude and 100-47-36 West Longitude. See Supplementary...

  7. 75 FR 80013 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Jewett, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-21

    .... 10-65, RM-10595, adopted December 1, 2010, and released December 3, 2010. The full text of this... Information Center, Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text...

  8. 75 FR 76293 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... November 19, 2010. The full text of this Commission decision is available for inspection and copying during...-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text of this decision also may be purchased from...

  9. 78 FR 37474 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, Colorado

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ..., adopted February 28, 2013, and released March 1, 2013. The full text of this Commission decision is..., 445 12th Street SW., Room CY- A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text of this decision also...

  10. 76 FR 43933 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Markham, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-22

    ..., adopted June 27, 2011, and released June 28, 2011. The full text of this Commission decision is available..., Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text of this...

  11. 78 FR 25861 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-03

    ... Order, MB Docket No. 12-374, adopted March 1, 2013, and released March 1, 2013. The full text of this... Information Center, Portals II, 445 12th Street SW., Room CY- A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text...

  12. 75 FR 71411 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Silverpeak, NV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... Docket No. 08-197, adopted November 3, 2010, and released November 5, 2010. The full text of this... complete text of this decision also may be purchased from the Commission's duplicating contractor,...

  13. 76 FR 13579 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... filed by Charles Crawford, proposing the substitution of Channel 282A for vacant Channel 232A at... FCC, interested parties should serve the petitioner as follows: Charles Crawford, 2215 Cedar Springs... requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13. In addition, therefore, it...

  14. 76 FR 37049 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ...-210. See 71 FR 76208, published December 20, 2006. Channel 230A was originally added to the FM Table of Allotments in MM Docket No. 99-141. See 66 FR 18734, published April 11, 2001. In this regard... Kenneth W. Diebel, licensee of FM Station KGGM, Channel 228A, Delhi, Louisiana, proposing the...

  15. 76 FR 13524 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ...The Audio Division, at the request of Miriam Media, Inc., allots FM Channel 258A at Willow Creek, California. Channel 258A can be allotted at Willow Creek, consistent with the minimum distance separation requirements of the Commission's rules, at coordinates 40- 57-29 NL and 123-42-23 WL, with a site restriction of 6.7 km (4.2 miles) west of the community See SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...

  16. Low Cost Antennas for Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, T-K.

    1994-01-01

    This paper describes the low cost antennas developed at JPL. They are the drooping dipole and the TM subscript 21 mode cicular patch antennas for mobile platforms as well as the medium gain antenna for indoor environments.

  17. S-DARS broadcast from inclined, elliptical orbits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briskman, Robert D.; Prevaux, Robert J.

    2004-04-01

    The first Sirius spacecraft was launched on July 1, 2000. Exactly 5 months later, on December 1, the third spacecraft was launched, completing the three satellite S-DARS (Satellite Digital Audio Radio Service) constellation. The three satellites are deployed in inclined, elliptical, geosynchronous orbits, which allow seamless broadcast coverage to mobile users in the contiguous US. Terrestrial broadcast repeaters provide service in urban cores. The system is in operation, providing the first ever S-DARS service. The constellation design results in satellite ground tracks over North America with two satellites always above the equator. High elevation look angles from the mobile ground terminals to the satellites minimize performance degradation due to blockage, foliage attenuation and multi-path. The spacecraft were built by Space Systems/Loral using the 1300 bus modified for operation in high inclination orbits. Each spacecraft was launched using a dedicated Russian Proton booster. The satellite payload is a bent pipe repeater using 7.1 GHz for the uplink and 2.3 GHz for the broadcast transmission. The repeater high-power amplification stage consists of 32 Traveling Wave Tube Amplifiers phase combined to yield a total radio frequency output power of nearly 4 kW at saturated operation. The satellite antennas are mechanically steered to maintain the transmit beam centered on the Contiguous United States and the receive beam centered on the uplink earth station located in Vernon Valley, New Jersey. The satellite payload design and performance are described. The principal spacecraft bus systems are described with emphasis on improvements made for operation in the inclined, elliptical geosynchronous orbits.

  18. [The end of an era. Fourteen radio sketches for the Pink Pills].

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, Thierry

    2015-12-01

    Those sketches, restaured by the French "Institut national de l'audiovisuel", are transcribed and analyzed for the first time. They was probably broadcasted during the summer of 1939 by the private station Radio Gard Nîmes.

  19. [The end of an era. Fourteen radio sketches for the Pink Pills].

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, Thierry

    2015-12-01

    Those sketches, restaured by the French "Institut national de l'audiovisuel", are transcribed and analyzed for the first time. They was probably broadcasted during the summer of 1939 by the private station Radio Gard Nîmes. PMID:26827549

  20. Radio, Television and Film: The State of Study in the 1980s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomery, Douglas

    1985-01-01

    Analyzes two influential basic textbooks in the study of radio-television-film (RTVF): "Broadcasting in America" and "Film Art: An Introduction." Comments on how the RTVF organization impacts graduate education. (PD)

  1. 37 CFR 381.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 381.2 Section 381.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY... WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 381.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational broadcast...

  2. 37 CFR 381.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 381.2 Section 381.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY... WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 381.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational broadcast...

  3. 37 CFR 381.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 381.2 Section 381.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY... WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 381.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational broadcast...

  4. 37 CFR 381.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 381.2 Section 381.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY... WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 381.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational broadcast...

  5. 37 CFR 381.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 381.2 Section 381.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT ROYALTY BOARD, LIBRARY... WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 381.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational broadcast...

  6. Professionalism in Broadcasting in Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Rita Cruise

    1977-01-01

    Examines the modes of professionalism and organizational structure in broadcasting and investigates how these modes transfer from industrialized nations to developing countries such as Algeria and Senegal. (MH)

  7. Radio Journalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bittner, John R.; Bittner, Denise A.

    This book, a how-to-do-it guide for the novice and the professional alike, deals with several aspects of radio journalism: producing documentaries, preparing and announcing radio news, ethics and responsibility, regulation of radio journalism, and careers. It traces the history and growth of radio news, shows its impact on the public, and…

  8. MPEG-21 in broadcasting: the novel digital broadcast item model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lugmayr, Artur R.; Touimi, Abdellatif B.; Kaneko, Itaru; Kim, Jong-Nam; Alberti, Claudio; Yona, Sadigurschi; Kim, Jaejoon; Andrade, Maria Teresa; Kalli, Seppo

    2004-05-01

    The MPEG experts are currently developing the MPEG-21 set of standards and this includes a framework and specifications for digital rights management (DRM), delivery of quality of services (QoS) over heterogeneous networks and terminals, packaging of multimedia content and other things essential for the infrastructural aspects of multimedia content distribution. Considerable research effort is being applied to these new developments and the capabilities of MPEG-21 technologies to address specific application areas are being investigated. One such application area is broadcasting, in particular the development of digital TV and its services. In more practical terms, digital TV addresses networking, events, channels, services, programs, signaling, encoding, bandwidth, conditional access, subscription, advertisements and interactivity. MPEG-21 provides an excellent framework of standards to be applied in digital TV applications. Within the scope of this research work we describe a new model based on MPEG-21 and its relevance to digital TV: the digital broadcast item model (DBIM). The goal of the DBIM is to elaborate the potential of MPEG-21 for digital TV applications. Within this paper we focus on a general description of the DBIM, quality of service (QoS) management and metadata filtering, digital rights management and also present use-cases and scenarios where the DBIM"s role is explored in detail.

  9. Surgical education through video broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Nagengast, Eric S; Ramos, Margarita S; Sarma, Hiteswar; Deshpande, Gaurav; Hatcher, Kristin; Magee, William P; Campbell, Alex

    2014-09-01

    Surgical training is facing new obstacles. As advancements in medicine are made, surgeons are expected to know more and to be able to perform more procedures. In the western world, increasing restrictions on residency work hours are adding a new hurdle to surgical training. In low-resource settings, a low attending-to-resident ratio results in limited operative experience for residents. Advances in telemedicine may offer new methods for surgical training. In this article, the authors share their unique experience using live video broadcasting of surgery for educational purposes at a comprehensive cleft care center in Guwahati, India.

  10. Watershed Education for Broadcast Meteorologists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lamos, J. P.; Sliter, D.; Espinoza, S.; Spangler, T. C.

    2006-12-01

    The National Environmental Education and Training Organization (NEETF) published a report in 2005 that summarized the findings of ten years of NEETF and Roper Research. The report stated, "Our years of data from Roper surveys show a persistent pattern of environmental ignorance even among the most educated and influential members of society." Market research has also shown that 80% of television viewers list the weather as the primary reason for watching the local news. Broadcast meteorologists, with a broader understanding of environmental and related sciences have an opportunity to use their weathercasts to inform the public about the environment and the factors that influence environmental health. As "station scientists," broadcast meteorologists can use the weather, and people's connection to it, to broaden their understanding of the environment they live in. Weather and watershed conditions associated with flooding and drought have major human and environmental impacts. Increasing the awareness of the general public about basic aspects of the hydrologic landscape can be an important part of mitigating the adverse effects of too much or too little precipitation, and of protecting the environment as well. The concept of a watershed as a person's natural neighborhood is a very important one for understanding hydrologic and environmental issues. Everyone lives in a watershed, and the health of a watershed is the result of the interplay between weather and human activity. This paper describes an online course to give broadcast meteorologists a basic understanding of watersheds and how watersheds are impacted by weather. It discusses how to convey watershed science to a media- savvy audience as well as how to model the communication of watershed and hydrologic concepts to the public. The course uses a narrative, story-like style to present its content. It is organized into six short units of instruction, each approximately 20 minutes in duration. Each unit is

  11. Cable Television and Satellite Broadcasting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackburn, J. F.

    1990-05-01

    Sponsored by the Financial Times, this 2-day conference was the eighth in the annual series. This particular conference marks the end of the first year of the Sky Television network's operation in the U.K. The conference was held just before British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB) goes into operation. With speakers from the U.K., the U.S., France, Japan, and the Netherlands, attendance exceeded all previous conferences. The 400 participants came mainly from the U.K., but also represented were France, the Netherlands, U.S., Australia, Spain, Norway, Canada, Switzerland, Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Finland, Monaco, Belgium, South Africa, Italy, Luxembourg, Irish Republic, and Malta.

  12. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... things, AM radio, FM radio, amateur (“HAM”) radio, Citizen's Band (CB) radio, and Digital Audio Radio... Commission's contract copy center, and the Commission decisions will be available on the Internet....

  13. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... things, AM radio, FM radio, amateur (“HAM”) radio, Citizen's Band (CB) radio, and Digital Audio Radio... Commission's contract copy center, and the Commission decisions will be available on the Internet....

  14. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... things, AM radio, FM radio, amateur (“HAM”) radio, Citizen's Band (CB) radio, and Digital Audio Radio... Commission's contract copy center, and the Commission decisions will be available on the Internet....

  15. Moral Education. Options in Education, Transcript for Program Scheduled for Broadcast the Week of September 13 [1976], Program No. 44.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    Teaching about moral issues is discussed in this transcript of "Options in Education," an electronic weekly magazine. Directed toward educators and students, the program covers news, features, policy, and people in the field of education and is available for broadcasting to member stations of National Public Radio. Seventeen montages deal with…

  16. Enhancing the Electronic Sandbox: A Plan for Improving the Educational Value of Student-Operated Radio Stations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompsen, Philip A.

    Many colleges and universities have student-operated radio stations, but in some instances these stations have deteriorated, becoming "electronic sandboxes" where students "play radio." This paper suggests that the educational value of student-operated radio stations can and should be improved. The broadcast industry traditionally has a low…

  17. Final Report: The self Reliance Foundation and Hispanic Radio Network Collaborative, September 30, 1995 - January 31, 1998

    SciTech Connect

    Multedo, Molly

    1998-09-30

    The Self Reliance Foundation, through its production subcontractor, Hispanic Radio Network, produced daily 1-3 minute radio capsules on science, education, and the environment. The programs were broadcast on over 100 U.S. Spanish-language radio stations from 1995-1998, reaching 2 million weekly listeners.

  18. Must-Carry and Public Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davenport, Elizabeth K.

    Because of the United States Court of Appeal's ruling ("Quincy Cable TV vs. Federal Communications Commission") that government regulation of what cable television stations can broadcast violates their First Amendment rights, a number of consequences have arisen concerning what cable stations are required to broadcast (must-carry rules), and how…

  19. 1976: A Strategy for Political Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cater, Douglass

    A conference of public broadcasters sponsored by the Aspen Institute discussed the role of noncommercial television in informing the public on political issues and covering political campaigns. The topics of discussion included: (1) governmental restrictions of public broadcasting, (2) governmental subsidies of political candidates, (3)…

  20. Management Theories and Broadcasting: A Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, J. Robert; Hindmarsh, Wayne A.

    Today's contemporary management and motivation theories, as applied to the business of broadcasting, are the focus of the first section of this paper. It deals with the kinds and reactions of employees in broadcasting stations in relation to 11 motivational theories: (1) Theories X and Y, (2) Immaturity-Maturity Theory, (3) V Theory, (4) Z Theory,…

  1. Personal Broadcasting: Applications in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Patricia D.

    2007-01-01

    Personal Broadcasting, which includes podcasting, vodcasting, phonecasting, Webcasting, blogging, and wikis, is one of the emerging technologies that will have a significant effect on education within the next five years. This article describes the techniques used in personal broadcasting, describes how they are being used in higher education,…

  2. State Skill Standards: Digital Video & Broadcast Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bullard, Susan; Tanner, Robin; Reedy, Brian; Grabavoi, Daphne; Ertman, James; Olson, Mark; Vaughan, Karen; Espinola, Ron

    2007-01-01

    The standards in this document are for digital video and broadcast production programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. Digital Video and Broadcast Production is a program that consists of the initial fundamentals and sequential courses that prepare…

  3. Television broadcast from space systems: Technology, costs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cuccia, C. L.

    1981-01-01

    Broadcast satellite systems are described. The technologies which are unique to both high power broadcast satellites and small TV receive-only earth terminals are also described. A cost assessment of both space and earth segments is included and appendices present both a computer model for satellite cost and the pertinent reported experience with the Japanese BSE.

  4. University Broadcast Laboratories: Cost, Upkeep, Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gotsch, Constance M.

    Broadcast program directors from 157 colleges and universities responded to a survey to determine how schools outfit, maintain, upgrade, and fund audio and video broadcast labs and how many students use them. Among the results indicated by the respondents are the following: (1) approximately half reported affiliation with either a closed-circuit…

  5. Perceptions of Advertising Influence on Broadcast News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Hubert W.; Barnes, Beth E.

    2001-01-01

    Finds that while students (studying broadcast journalism or advertising) and practitioners (station news directors and agency media directors) were in agreement on the majority of opinion statements discussing advertising's influence on broadcast news content, except students were less bothered by advertising's influence on news content than were…

  6. Statistical Trends in Broadcasting. Ninth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair (John) and Co., New York, NY.

    A review of trends in broadcasting and an overall economic profile of the broadcasting industry for 1972, with projections for 1973, are given by a collection of tables and graphs. The first portion presents data on total advertising expenditures and trends, along with information on the gross national product and personal consumption spending.…

  7. Broadcast Media in Breton: Dawn at Last?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moal, Stefan

    2000-01-01

    Discusses to what extent the broadcast media in the Breton language has acted as a vital link to language maintenance in Brittany. Highlights the background context of the Breton language, reasons for its decline, and what the broadcast media can do to help reverse language shift. (Author/VWL)

  8. Transmitter microdischarges in communications and broadcast Satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briskman, Robert D.; Kaliski, Michael A. R.

    2016-09-01

    Most commercial communications and broadcast satellites operating at microwave radio frequencies use traveling wave tube amplifiers (TWTAs) as high power transmitters. Since TWTAs work at high voltages, it is not uncommon to experience micro-discharges, especially early in life. This observation led to the introduction of an autonomous restart function in the companion high voltage power supply (the electronic power conditioner or EPC) of the TWTA as a safety feature. A microdischarge with enough energy above a threshold would lead to a momentary removal of high voltages, followed by an automatic restart, which is usually sufficient to allow the microdischarge event to clear with minimal loss of RF transmission. In most cases the energy involved in the microdischarge is low enough that the removal of high voltages is not required and the event may go undetected. However, an unusual signature was first noted in early 1997 on a Ku-band satellite transmitter, where the characteristics of the microdischarge event were such that the control anode voltage dropped below nominal and typically recovered over a 20 min period. Such microdischarge events became known as the "20 min Effect" which has since been observed over subsequent years on other Ku-band TWTAs, as well as on Ka-band and S-band satellite TWTA transmitters in numerous satellites. This paper summarizes the in-orbit data on such microdischarges as well as the believed cause. In addition, the paper includes results from three S-band TWTAs which have operated on life test for many years. Due to ease of their monitoring instrumentation as contrast to monitoring microdischarges on orbiting operational satellites via telemetry, new data have been accumulated on this effect. The data substantiate the previous findings that microdischarges do not significantly affect satellite operation or their transmissions nor diminish the TWTAs performance, including long lifetime.

  9. Mesh-connected computers with broadcasting

    SciTech Connect

    Stout, Q.F.

    1983-09-01

    The effects of augmenting an arbitrary mesh-connected computer with a second communication system, called broadcasting, are considered. In broadcasting, a processor sends a value to all the other processors simultaneously, taking unit time, with the restriction that only one broadcast occurs at any one time. It is shown that this significantly decreases the time to do sample problems such as semigroup calculations or finding the median, but it cannot significantly improve sorting. For example, in a one-dimensional mesh-connected computer without broadcasting, if there are >n> numbers, each stored separately in consecutive processors, then theta(>n>) time is needed to find their minimum, find their median, or sort them, while with broadcasting, this can be done in theta(>n>/sup 1/2/), theta((>n> log >n>) /sup 1/2/), and theta(>n>) ti respectively. 33 references.

  10. Random broadcast on random geometric graphs

    SciTech Connect

    Bradonjic, Milan; Elsasser, Robert; Friedrich, Tobias

    2009-01-01

    In this work, we consider the random broadcast time on random geometric graphs (RGGs). The classic random broadcast model, also known as push algorithm, is defined as: starting with one informed node, in each succeeding round every informed node chooses one of its neighbors uniformly at random and informs it. We consider the random broadcast time on RGGs, when with high probability: (i) RGG is connected, (ii) when there exists the giant component in RGG. We show that the random broadcast time is bounded by {Omicron}({radical} n + diam(component)), where diam(component) is a diameter of the entire graph, or the giant component, for the regimes (i), or (ii), respectively. In other words, for both regimes, we derive the broadcast time to be {Theta}(diam(G)), which is asymptotically optimal.

  11. Broadcasting environmental knowledge: Open University & BBC collaborations serving massive global audiences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandon, M. A.; Smith, J.; Garrow, K. H.; Law, A.

    2013-12-01

    The UK Open University has a long history of working with broadcast media - indeed before it first formed over 40 years ago it was proposed to be a "University of the Air ". Originally the University made its own television programmes that were directly connected with teaching. They were usually recordings of academics giving lectures that were broadcast late at night. Over recent times we have moved into developing co-productions with mainstream broadcast media specifically designed to be of general educational interest to UK and worldwide audiences. These include both high impact one-off programmes such as Are we changing planet Earth?, multiple international award winning series such as Frozen Planet, and World Service radio such as Earth Reporters. These programmes have had global audiences; in some cases of tens of millions. Whilst we have only worked using clear scientific evidence and expertise, we have co-produced media which small sections of the general public could consider controversial. For example, in Are we changing planet Earth? the case was presented pre IPCC AR4 for anthropogenic climate change. The final episode of Frozen Planet "On thin ice" presented evidence of how the polar climate is changing and likely future global impacts. It created a large and occasionally hostile international media impact long before broadcast. This continued after broadcast in some media but we believe it stopped because the science presented was robust within the current literature. Based around broadcasting, we used a communication strategy based on our personal experience over the last decade along with our institutional experience going back 40 years. For example our outreach include social media, newspapers, radio and podcasts to speak about underpinning science. We use Twitter during actual broadcasts to circulate links to journal articles and provide context around the science presented on screen. Backed up by a large public outreach campaign at science fairs

  12. Broadcasting of quantum correlations: Possibilities and impossibilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chatterjee, Sourav; Sazim, Sk; Chakrabarty, Indranil

    2016-04-01

    In this work, we extensively study the problem of broadcasting of quantum correlations (QCs). This includes broadcasting of quantum entanglement as well as correlations that go beyond the notion of entanglement (QCsbE). It is quite well known from the "no-broadcasting theorem" that perfect broadcasting of QCs is not possible. However, it does not rule out the possibility of partial broadcasting of QCs where we can get lesser correlated states from a given correlated state. In order to have a holistic view of broadcasting, we investigate this problem by starting with a most general representation of two qubit mixed states in terms of the Bloch vectors. As a cloning transformation we have used universal symmetric optimal Buzek-Hillery (BH) cloner both locally and nonlocally. Unlike entanglement, we find that it is impossible to broadcast QCsbE optimally. Lastly, we generalize these results for any symmetric or asymmetric cloning machines as well. This result brings out a fundamental difference between the correlations defined from the perspective of entanglement and the correlations measure which claims to go beyond entanglement.

  13. Broadcasting on linear arrays and meshes

    SciTech Connect

    Seidel, S.R. . Dept. of Computer Science)

    1993-03-01

    The well known spanning binomial tree broadcast algorithm is generalized to obtain several new broadcast algorithms for linear arrays and meshes. These generalizations take advantage of bidirectional communication, the connectivity of two-dimensional meshes, and the difference between node-to-network and network-to-network bandwidth. It is shown how these algorithms can be further generalized so that any node can be the source of the broadcast message. A partitioning scheme is given that allows these algorithms to be used on linear arrays and meshes of any size. One of these algorithms, the bidirectional spanning tree broadcast, always has lower cost than the recursive halving broadcast for linear arrays. All of these algorithms offer significant performance improvements over the basic spanning tree broadcast. These algorithms do not rely on a knowledge of machine dependent constants for network bandwidth and latency, so their performance is not as sensitive to changes in machine characteristics as that of hybrid and pipelined algorithms. Performance measurements are given for some of these broadcast algorithms on the Intel Delta mesh.

  14. World Administrative Radio Conference. Issues for US International Spectrum Policy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1991-11-01

    U.S. preparations for the 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference to be held in Spain, February 1992 are examined. WARC-92 will attempt to reassign radio frequencies internationally in order to take advantage of new radio-based technologies and applications, such as digital audio broadcasting, high definition television, and personal communications services, while still accommodating the needs of existing users and services. The impacts of the realignment will be felt throughout the U.S. economy and around the world, and the agreements reached at WARC-92 will influence the development of radio-based systems and services well into the next century.

  15. WIND/WAVES observations of man-made radio transmissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaiser, M. L.; Desch, M. D.; Bougeret, J.-L.; Manning, R.; Meetre, C. A.

    The WAVES radio and plasma wave instrument on the Wind spacecraft, launched on November 1, 1994, has detected copious shortwave radio transmissions from broadcast stations on Earth. WAVES can easily detect signals consisting of only a few kW of transmitted power, suggesting that useful ionospheric propagation research can be accomplished with very modest equipment. We also conclude that the terrestrial radio spectrum is quite “non natural” so that any extraterrestrial radio astronomer should easily deduce that Earth is populated with a civilization with technical capabilities.

  16. The state of broadcast meteorology in the United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trobec, J.

    2010-09-01

    According to a 2010 study by the Radio, Television Digital News Association, there are 762 television stations in the U.S. producing local news (and presumably weather) content. Those stations reported staff reductions of 400 news department jobs in 2009, following a cut of 1,200 local news jobs in 2008. Even as the number of news employees declined, local stations increased the amount of local news programming from an average of 4.7 hours to 5.0 hours per weekday in the past year. The phrase "doing more with less" has become a common theme in television newsrooms. Broadcasting economics have also impacted the approximately 2,200 weather presenters on local television stations. Several high-profile, on-air meteorologists have lost their jobs. The workload of weather presenters is evolving as television stations extend their reach beyond broadcasting — to the internet, and wireless (e.g. cellular telephone) delivery of information. Technological advancements have improved televised severe weather coverage. The number of amateur storm chasers possessing video streaming equipment has grown signicantly, and social networks such as Twitter have become a useful source of weather reports from the public.

  17. A transportable satellite earth station for television outside broadcast contributions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scott, J. M. C.

    1983-07-01

    In connection with the availability of communications satellites in Europe, the feasibility was considered of using satellites as a means of providing television outside broadcast sound and vision contribution circuits. The feasibility of designing a practical transportable satellite ground station was explored. It was finally decided to employ a two-axle trailer towed by a standard radio-link vehicle. The dish antenna is mounted on a turntable on the trailer. Attention is given to details concerning the design features, aspects of acceptance testing, and questions of operational experience. It is hoped to provide with the aid of the terminal circuits which would be impossible in the case of a use of conventional terrestrial links.

  18. 37 CFR 253.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 253.2 Section 253.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights U.S. COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF... CONNECTION WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 253.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational...

  19. 37 CFR 253.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 253.2 Section 253.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF... CONNECTION WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 253.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational...

  20. 37 CFR 253.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 253.2 Section 253.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF... CONNECTION WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 253.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational...

  1. 37 CFR 253.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 253.2 Section 253.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF... CONNECTION WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 253.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational...

  2. 75 FR 9859 - Television Broadcasting Services; Beaumont, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-04

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Beaumont, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... Freedom Broadcasting of Texas (``Freedom Broadcasting''), the licensee of KFDM(TV), channel 21, Beaumont, Texas. Freedom Broadcasting requests ] the substitution of channel 25 for channel 21 at Beaumont....

  3. 37 CFR 253.2 - Definition of public broadcasting entity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... broadcasting entity. 253.2 Section 253.2 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF... CONNECTION WITH NONCOMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING § 253.2 Definition of public broadcasting entity. As used in this part, the term public broadcasting entity means a noncommercial educational...

  4. A note on the wide-band Gaussian broadcast channel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mceliece, Robert J.; Swanson, Laif

    1987-01-01

    The observations of Posner (1983) that on a wideband Gaussian broadcast channel ordinary time-shared coding performs almost as well as broadcast coding are investigated. A quantitative version of Posner's results is derived. A numerical example comparing the performance of broadcast coding and time-shared coding for a Gaussian broadcast channel model is presented.

  5. Student Educational Radio: Village Extension. Project S.E.R.V.E.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillingham City School District, AK.

    Dillingham High School, through Project SERVE (Student Education Radio: Village Extension), intends to bring 25 rural schools and villages in the Bristol Bay area of Alaska together utilizing educational radio. The objectives of the three-year project are to: (1) increase the number of graduating students choosing broadcasting as a vocation by…

  6. "Adventures in Science": Casting Scientifically Talented Youth as National Resources on American Radio, 1942-1958

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terzian, Sevan G.

    2008-01-01

    From 1942 to 1958, a national weekly programme on CBS radio and presented by Science Service, Inc. devoted 37 of its broadcasts to profiling American high school students' achievements in science talent searches, clubs and fairs. These "Adventures in Science" radio programmes cast scientifically talented youth as potential contributors to national…

  7. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards §...

  8. Financial Statistics of CPB-Qualified Public Radio Stations: Fiscal Year 1970.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedone, Ronald J.; And Others

    Financial statistics for fiscal year 1970 are reported for 91 public radio stations which meet the requirements for CPB (Corporation for Public Broadcasting) general support grants. The statistics are for the aggregate United States, classified by geographic regions and types of licensees. Total income for radio operations for the fiscal year…

  9. "Gee Whiz!" and "Aw Nuts!": Radio and Newspaper Coverage of Baseball in the 1920's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Towers, Wayne M.

    During the 1920s professional baseball emerged as both a mass sport and a mass media-reported sport. This emergence was accompanied by evolution and change in both radio broadcasting and newspaper sports writing. Live coverage of sporting events, particularly baseball's World Series, provided a part of radio's growth process that affected the…

  10. "A Godlike Presence": The Impact of Radio on the 1920s and 1930s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tom

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the influence of radio on the social history of the United States between the world wars. Describes early broadcast programing as a mix of culture, education, information, and some entertainment. Addresses the role of radio in the Depression and through the beginnings of World War II in Europe. (DK)

  11. Transformation of broadcasting into pipelining. Research report

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, Y.; Delosme, J.M.

    1987-06-01

    A characteristic shared by many computation-intensive algorithms is the repeated usage of a few data values in a sequence of computations. An efficient parallel implementation of these data dependences often requires the simultaneous transfer, or broadcasting, of the data values to all the processors that need them. Unfortunately, direct realization of this broadcasting operation on VLSI processor arrays, especially on systolic arrays, usually results in severe performance degradation. A technique for decomposing broadcasting dependences into propagation dependences at the algorithm level is presented in this paper. Such propagation dependences, when physically realized, result in pipelining. The determination of a feasible propagation scheme is formulated as a linear algebra problem. It is proven that all broadcastings can be decomposed into propagations, and a systematic method for finding such decompositions is proposed.

  12. Political Broadcast Advertising and Primary Election Voting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanat, John

    1974-01-01

    Results of a research project which hypothisized that: Other things being equal, the heavier a candidate's usage of broadcast advertising in a primary election campaign, the greater will be his share of the votes in the election. (Author/HB)

  13. Concert Programming: Tips from the Broadcasting Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinney, Guy

    1978-01-01

    The author explains how music broadcasters codify musical selections by mood, tempo, and instrumentation, then arrange a sequence designed to maintain audience interest with a variety of listening experiences. Similar techniques are suggested for planning school concerts. (SJL)

  14. 8 CFR 204.13 - How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth preference special... Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth...

  15. 8 CFR 204.13 - How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth preference special... Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth...

  16. 8 CFR 204.13 - How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth preference special... Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth...

  17. 8 CFR 204.13 - How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth preference special... Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth...

  18. A content analysis of health-related advertisements in Islamic Republic of Iran broadcasting (IRIB)

    PubMed Central

    Etemad, Koorosh; Ebrahimi, Parvin; Azimi, Hassan; Lotfi, Mansoureh; Nojomi, Marzieh

    2016-01-01

    Background: Media advertisements especially radio and TV are one of the most important and effective ways for health promotion and consumption of healthy productions worldwide. Ministry of Health and some other ministries in Iran agreed to control and restrict the advertising of unhealthy products and services. Therefore, adequate supervision and monitoring should be done in this field. A content analysis of Health-related Advertisements was done in Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) Methods: This study was a cross-sectional research and collecting of data was carried out in 2012. Ten selected TV and radio channels were recorded from 6 a.m. to 12 p.m. for two successive months in the special weekdays. Broadcasted advertisements data were extracted by the trained observers according to a checklist and analyzed using SPSS 18 software and described with descriptive statistics. Results: The percentage of different types of advertising were including 73.9% unrelated to health, 21.9% harmless health related, 2.9% less healthy, 1.3% harmful or harmful with a probability of abuse. Non-harmful to health advertisements included 95.86% of total advertisements out of ten TV and radio channels; and the remained advertisements (4.14%) were related to the harmful, less healthy foodstuff and detrimental services and products. Also, 0.8% of the advertisements were shown during children programs. Conclusion: The main findings of the current study revealed that majority of the advertisements of Islamic Republic Broadcasting were unrelated to health. It seems advertising of harmful for health in IRIB was less than 5%, and the levels of these type ads were less than the other countries. Even so, the policymakers need to pass and enforce some executive and governing law for the prevention of broadcasting unhealthy advertisements to increase the society health level and prevent the diseases resulted from unhealthy products causing the considerable damages in a long time. PMID

  19. A note on the wideband Gaussian broadcast channel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mceliece, R. J.; Posner, E. C.; Swanson, L.

    1986-01-01

    It is well known that for the Gaussian broadcast channel, timeshared coding is not as efficient as more sophisticated broadcast coding strategies. However, the relative advantage of broadcast coding over timeshared coding is shown to be small if the signal-to-noise ratios of both receivers are small. One surprising consequence of this is that for the wideband Gaussian broadcast channel, which is defined, broadcast coding offers no advantage over timeshared coding at all, and so timeshared coding is optimal.

  20. Structure of quantum and broadcasting nonlocal correlations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saha, Debashis; Pawłowski, Marcin

    2015-12-01

    The multipartite setting offers much more complexity of nonlocality than the bipartite one. We analyze the structure of tripartite nonlocal correlations by proposing inequalities satisfied by each of type bilocal, broadcasting, and quantum but violated by the other two. One of the inequalities satisfied by broadcasting correlations is generalized for multipartite systems. The study of its quantum mechanical violation reveals that Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-like states exhibit new, powerful correlations.