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Sample records for randers county court

  1. 7. Photocopy of map (from Superior Court of Chatham County ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photocopy of map (from Superior Court of Chatham County Land Records, Book 2G, p. 299) John McKinnon (County Surveyor), delineator 11 January 1817 PLAT OF SITE, SHOWING EASTERN PORTION OF BUILDING - William Taylor Store, 204 West Bay Street, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

  2. Los Angeles County drug court programs: initial results.

    PubMed

    Fielding, Jonathan E; Tye, Grace; Ogawa, Patrick L; Imam, Iraj J; Long, Anna M

    2002-10-01

    Los Angeles County established its first drug court program in 1994 in response to escalating criminal activity associated with substance abuse and overcrowded jails. This paper describes results of an evaluation of 803 drug court participants admitted to the program between 1994 and 1997. Of all drug court participants, 76% remained free of any new arrests throughout the one-year followup period, compared to 63% of participants in a drug diversion education program and 49% of the felony defendants not exposed to either program. Of offenders completing the drug court program 80% had no arrests, compared to 67% for non-completers. Drug related re-arrests were significantly lower among drug court graduates (13%) than offenders with no program participation (30%). The study results suggest that drug court participation and graduation decrease the likelihood of repeated arrests, including drug-related arrests. Drug courts represent a promising collaboration between criminal justice and public health agencies.

  3. A Riemannian approach to Randers geodesics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brody, Dorje C.; Gibbons, Gary W.; Meier, David M.

    2016-08-01

    In certain circumstances tools of Riemannian geometry are sufficient to address questions arising in the more general Finslerian context. We show that one such instance presents itself in the characterisation of geodesics in Randers spaces of constant flag curvature. To achieve a simple, Riemannian derivation of this special family of curves, we exploit the connection between Randers spaces and the Zermelo problem of time-optimal navigation in the presence of background fields. The characterisation of geodesics is then proven by generalising an intuitive argument developed recently for the solution of the quantum Zermelo problem.

  4. Compact surfaces of constant Gaussian curvature in Randers manifolds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cui, Ningwei

    2016-08-01

    The flag curvature of a Finsler surface is called the Gaussian curvature in Finsler geometry. In this paper, we characterize the surfaces of constant Gaussian curvature (CGC) in the Randers 3-manifold. Then we give a classification of the orientable closed CGC surfaces in two Randers space forms, which are the non-Euclidean Minkowski-Randers 3-space (K = 0) and the Bao-Shen sphere (K = 1).

  5. Treatment Retention among African Americans in the Dane County Drug Treatment Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Randall T.; Zuelsdorff, Megan; Gassman, Michele

    2009-01-01

    Drug treatment courts (DTCs) provide substance abuse treatment and case management services to offenders with substance use disorders as an alternative to incarceration. Studies indicate that African Americans less frequently complete DTC programming. The current study analyzed data from the Dane County Drug Treatment Court (n = 573). The study…

  6. The causal structure of spacetime is a parameterized Randers geometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skakala, Jozef; Visser, Matt

    2011-03-01

    There is a well-established isomorphism between stationary four-dimensional spacetimes and three-dimensional purely spatial Randers geometries—these Randers geometries being a particular case of the more general class of three-dimensional Finsler geometries. We point out that in stably causal spacetimes, by using the (time-dependent) ADM decomposition, this result can be extended to general non-stationary spacetimes—the causal structure (conformal structure) of the full spacetime is completely encoded in a parameterized (t-dependent) class of Randers spaces, which can then be used to define a Fermat principle, and also to reconstruct the null cones and causal structure.

  7. Drug Court Effectiveness: A Matched Cohort Study in the Dane County Drug Treatment Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Randall

    2011-01-01

    Drug treatment courts (DTCs) are widely viewed as effective diversion programs for drug-involved offenders; however, previous studies frequently used flawed comparison groups. In the current study, the author compared rates of recidivism for drug court participants to rates for a traditionally adjudicated comparison group matched on potentially…

  8. Randers geometry as MOND/dark matter

    SciTech Connect

    Exirifard, Qasem

    2015-11-01

    We consider a deviation of the physical length from the Riemann geometry toward the Randers'. We construct a consistent second-order relativistic theory of gravity that dynamically reduces to the Einstein-Hilbert theory for the strong and Newtonian gravity while its weak gravitational regime reproduces MOND and the gravitational lensing attributed to the dark matter halo. It also naturally accommodates the observed value of the cosmological constant. We show that it predicts a few percent deviation for the post Newtonian parameter γ in a part of the regime that interpolates the Newtonian regime to the MOND regime. The deviation is consistent with the reported observations but can possibly be detected by fine-tuned refinements of the current data or specified future observations.

  9. Female Drug Offenders Reflect on Their Experiences with a County Drug Court Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, James C.; Wolfer, Loreen

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the experiences of a group of female drug offenders who successfully completed a county drug court program in northeast Pennsylvania. Using the constant comparative method, we analyzed interviews with these women for thematic patterns in order to provide an evaluation of this program based on participants' subjective…

  10. Stationary metrics and optical Zermelo-Randers-Finsler geometry

    SciTech Connect

    Gibbons, G. W.; Warnick, C. M.; Herdeiro, C. A. R.; Werner, M. C.

    2009-02-15

    We consider a triality between the Zermelo navigation problem, the geodesic flow on a Finslerian geometry of Randers type, and spacetimes in one dimension higher admitting a timelike conformal Killing vector field. From the latter viewpoint, the data of the Zermelo problem are encoded in a (conformally) Painleve-Gullstrand form of the spacetime metric, whereas the data of the Randers problem are encoded in a stationary generalization of the usual optical metric. We discuss how the spacetime viewpoint gives a simple and physical perspective on various issues, including how Finsler geometries with constant flag curvature always map to conformally flat spacetimes and that the Finsler condition maps to either a causality condition or it breaks down at an ergo surface in the spacetime picture. The gauge equivalence in this network of relations is considered as well as the connection to analogue models and the viewpoint of magnetic flows. We provide a variety of examples.

  11. Treating Substance Abuse Offenders in the Southwestern United States: A Report Evaluating the Long-Term Effectiveness of the Yuma County Adult Drug Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, Sherri; Waters, Thomas Franklin

    2003-01-01

    This report summarizes data gathered from the 64 graduates of the Yuma County Drug Court from 1998 to 2001. Those who agreed to participate were interviewed at 3, 6, 12 and/or 18 months after graduation. Instruments used included the Addiction Severity Index, the CSAT GPRA Client Outcomes Measure for Discretionary Programs and a questionnaire…

  12. Courting the Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosby, Mary Neil

    1989-01-01

    Considers the impact of strong public opinion on the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in "Webster v. Reproductive Health Services." Points out three uses of public opinion in Supreme Court decisions and remarks on the Court's insulation from the public. Concludes that amicus curiae briefs are the one persuasive tool for influencing the Court. (LS)

  13. Enhancing Drug Court Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deschenes, Elizabeth Piper; Ireland, Connie; Kleinpeter, Christine B.

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluates the impact of enhanced drug court services in a large county in Southern California. These enhanced services, including specialty counseling groups, educational/employment resources, and increased Residential Treatment (RT) beds, were designed to increase program retention and successful completion (graduation) of drug court.…

  14. Three Years of Teen Court Offender Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forgays, Deborah Kirby

    2008-01-01

    Since 1983, Teen Courts have offered a judicial alternative for many adolescent offenders. In the first year of the Whatcom County Teen Court Program, a small sample of Teen Court offenders had more favorable outcomes than did Court Diversion offenders. In the current study, the results are based on a three-year sample of 84 Whatcom County…

  15. 18. Historic view of Court Street and Depot Square. Photoengraving ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Historic view of Court Street and Depot Square. Photoengraving from Artwork of Rhode Island (Chicago: W.H. Parish Publishing Co., 1896) view west - Court Street Bridge, Court Street spanning Blackstone River & Truman Drive, Woonsocket, Providence County, RI

  16. Promising practices for delivery of court-supervised substance abuse treatment: Perspectives from six high-performing California counties operating Proposition 36

    PubMed Central

    Evans, Elizabeth; Anglin, M. Douglas; Urada, Darren; Yang, Joy

    2010-01-01

    Operative for nearly a decade, California's voter-initiated Proposition 36 program offers many offenders community-based substance abuse treatment in lieu of likely incarceration. Research has documented program successes and plans for replication have proliferated, yet very little is known about how the Proposition 36 program works or practices for achieving optimal program outcomes. In this article, we identify policies and practices that key stakeholders perceive to be most responsible for the successful delivery of court-supervised substance abuse treatment to offenders under Proposition 36. Data was collected via focus groups conducted with 59 county stakeholders in six high-performing counties during 2009. Discussion was informed by seven empirical indicators of program performance and outcomes and was focused on identifying and describing elements contributing to success. Program success was primarily attributed to four strategies, those that: (1) fostered program engagement, monitored participant progress, and sustained cooperation among participants; (2) cultivated buy-in among key stakeholders; (3) capitalized on the role of the court and the judge; and (4) created a setting which promoted a high-quality treatment system, utilization of existing resources, and broad financial and political support for the program. Goals and practices for implementing each strategy are discussed. Findings provide a “promising practices” resource for Proposition 36 program evaluation and improvement and inform the design and study of other similar types of collaborative justice treatment efforts. PMID:20965568

  17. Youth Court: Advocating for All Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skaruppa, Cindy L.; LeBlanc, Patrice; Lacey, Candace H.

    This paper describes the evaluative research of the Palm Beach County, Florida School Districts Youth Court Trial Program. Youth or teen courts have been implemented as an alternative measure to juvenile courts for handling adolescents who committed delinquent acts, usually for the first time. The purpose of the applied research was to identify…

  18. Appellate Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaneman, Paulette S.; Zupanec, Nancy

    These materials are part of the Project Benchmark series designed to teach secondary students about our legal concepts and systems. This unit focuses on the structure and procedures of the California Supreme Court and the Courts of Appeal. The materials outline the historical development of the appellate courts, jurisdiction, and the appeal…

  19. 1. MARSHALL'S COURT HOUSES (from right to left): No. 403 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. MARSHALL'S COURT HOUSES (from right to left): No. 403 (Samuel Shinn House), No. 405, No. 407 (John Elliott House), No. 409, No. 411 (David Simpson House) - Marshall's Court Area Study, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  20. 4. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, FRONT AND LEFT SIDE, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, FRONT AND LEFT SIDE, LOOKING NORTHWEST. - NIKE Missile Base SL-40, Barracks No. 1, North end of base, southest of Basketball Court & northwest of Barracks No. 2, Hecker, Monroe County, IL

  1. 1. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, FRONT, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, FRONT, LOOKING SOUTHWEST. - NIKE Missile Base SL-40, Barracks No. 1, North end of base, southest of Basketball Court & northwest of Barracks No. 2, Hecker, Monroe County, IL

  2. 1. FACILITY 26, TENNIS AND BASKETBALL COURTS. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. FACILITY 26, TENNIS AND BASKETBALL COURTS. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST TOWARD QUARTERS F. - Chollas Heights Naval Radio Transmitting Facility, Tennis Courts, 6410 Zero Road, San Diego, San Diego County, CA

  3. 2. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, RIGHT SIDE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, RIGHT SIDE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - NIKE Missile Base SL-40, Barracks No. 1, North end of base, southest of Basketball Court & northwest of Barracks No. 2, Hecker, Monroe County, IL

  4. VIEW OF BUILDING 221 (TENNIS COURTS) FROM NORTHEAST CORNER, BUILDING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF BUILDING 221 (TENNIS COURTS) FROM NORTHEAST CORNER, BUILDING 24 IN BACKGROUND, FACING SOUTHWEST - Roosevelt Base, Tennis Courts, Corner of Reeves Avenue & Pennsylvania Street, Long Beach, Los Angeles County, CA

  5. VIEW OF BUILDING 221 (TENNIS COURTS) FROM NORTHWEST CORNER WITH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF BUILDING 221 (TENNIS COURTS) FROM NORTHWEST CORNER WITH BUILDING 23 IN BACKGROUND, FACING SOUTHEAST - Roosevelt Base, Tennis Courts, Corner of Reeves Avenue & Pennsylvania Street, Long Beach, Los Angeles County, CA

  6. 3. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, LEFT SIDE, LOOKING NORTHWEST. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, LEFT SIDE, LOOKING NORTHWEST. - NIKE Missile Base SL-40, Barracks No. 1, North end of base, southest of Basketball Court & northwest of Barracks No. 2, Hecker, Monroe County, IL

  7. 5. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, RIGHT AND REAR SIDES, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. BARRACKS, NEXT TO BASKETBALL COURT, RIGHT AND REAR SIDES, LOOKING EAST. - NIKE Missile Base SL-40, Barracks No. 1, North end of base, southest of Basketball Court & northwest of Barracks No. 2, Hecker, Monroe County, IL

  8. Supreme Court Room (room 573), looking westsouthwest (bearing 250). Not ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Supreme Court Room (room 573), looking west-southwest (bearing 250). Not that missing scones are to be returned and presently obscured ceiling is proposed for restoration. - California State Library & Courts Building, 914 Capitol Mall, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  9. 7. View of south court and driveway toward main entrance; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. View of south court and driveway toward main entrance; and parts of north and south wings of main building; facing east. - Mission Motel, South Court, 9235 MacArthur Boulevard, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  10. WEST TENNIS COURTS AND NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICER'S HOUSING, FROM SOUTH OAKWOOD ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    WEST TENNIS COURTS AND NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICER'S HOUSING, FROM SOUTH OAKWOOD DRIVE - Hamilton Field, Tennis Courts, Escolta Avenue at Sixth Street, & Crescent Drive near South Oakwood Drive, Novato, Marin County, CA

  11. 20. VIEW OF TENNIS COURTS LOOKING SOUTH, WITH CONVERTED BASKETBALL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. VIEW OF TENNIS COURTS LOOKING SOUTH, WITH CONVERTED BASKETBALL COURT IN FOREGROUND. - Loring Air Force Base, Alert Area, Southeastern portion of base, east of southern end of runway, Limestone, Aroostook County, ME

  12. The Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skibine, Alex

    1980-01-01

    Overview of some of the most important Indian court cases of the last decade, including ones regarding treaty rights, tribal jurisdiction and sovereignty, tax jurisdiction, land claims, and hunting and fishing rights. (DS)

  13. 11. SECOND FLOOR INTERIOR, SHOWING EAST BALCONY AND BASKETBALL COURT. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. SECOND FLOOR INTERIOR, SHOWING EAST BALCONY AND BASKETBALL COURT. VIEW TO NORTHEAST. - Fort David A. Russell, Gymnasium, Randall Avenue between Fourth & Fifth Streets, Cheyenne, Laramie County, WY

  14. Statement of American Social Scientists of Research on School Desegregation to the U.S. Supreme Court in "Parents v. Seattle School District" and "Meredith v. Jefferson County"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orfield, Gary; Frankenberg, Erica; Garces, Liliana M.

    2008-01-01

    In June 2006, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review two related cases originating from school districts in Louisville, Kentucky and Seattle, Washington that involved voluntarily adopted racial integration plans. Concerned about the outcome of these cases, 553 social scientists submitted a social science statement to the Supreme Court summarizing…

  15. Enhancing Residential Treatment for Drug Court Participants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koob, Jeff; Brocato, Jo; Kleinpeter, Christine

    2011-01-01

    In this study, the authors describe and evaluate the impact of increased access to residential treatment added to traditional drug court services in Orange County, California, with a goal of increasing program retention, successful completion, and graduation rates for a high-risk drug offender population participating in drug court between January…

  16. The Courts and the Migrants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahood, R. Wayne; Hopf, John

    The study's objectives were to determine how many migratory farm workers were charged with criminal offenses, who they were, and how they were treated in lay courts in Orleans and Steuben Counties (New York) in 1968 and 1969. Lacking comparative data from other jurisdictions, a comparison between migrants and a random sampling of residents in…

  17. 19. Historic view of court house under construction and "Bridgeport ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Historic view of court house under construction and "Bridgeport Railing". Photoengraving from Artwork of Rhode Island (Chicago: W.H. Parish Publishing Co., 1896) view east - Court Street Bridge, Court Street spanning Blackstone River & Truman Drive, Woonsocket, Providence County, RI

  18. People's Court: How a Student-built Web Site Brought the Community and the Courts Together.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starr, Robert C.

    2002-01-01

    Describes how a group of middle-school students in Walled Lake, Michigan, collaborated with a Web development firm and the county information technology department to build a district court Web site (www.52-1districtcourt.com) to provide community access to legal information. Includes such features as a virtual tour of the court, "Ask the Judge,"…

  19. Understanding the Federal Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Administrative Office of the United States Courts, Washington, DC.

    This booklet discusses the workings of the federal courts and supports six law-related lesson plans. It is divided into the following sections: "The Constitution and the Federal Judiciary"; "The Federal Courts in American Government" ("The Federal Courts and Congress"; "The Federal Courts and the Executive Branch"; "The Federal Courts and the…

  20. At the Supreme Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2000-01-01

    States that in the past juvenile courts afforded children with fewer rights than criminal courts accorded to adults accused of the same crimes. Reviews three U.S. Supreme Court cases that affirmed the constitutional rights of juvenile offenders and changed juvenile court proceedings. Discusses whether the juvenile death penalty violates…

  1. "The Equitable Powers of the Judge": The Conflict between No Child Left Behind and Court-Ordered Desegregation in Richmond County, Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeBray, Elizabeth

    2004-01-01

    This article consists of a case study and policy analysis of a conflict between two federal mandates that arose during the initial implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act in 2002 in a southern school system, Richmond County, Georgia. The first part of the article documents the conflict, drawing on primary source documents and interviews…

  2. 15. DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF AUDITORIUM SHOWING BASKETBALL COURT; STAGE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF AUDITORIUM SHOWING BASKETBALL COURT; STAGE IS IN CENTER BACKGROUND. - Bonneville Project, Auditorium, Columbia River, 1 mile Northeast of Exit 40, Interstate 84, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  3. 16. DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF BASKETBALL COURT; DOORS LEADING TO ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF BASKETBALL COURT; DOORS LEADING TO FRONT OF BUILDING ARE IN CENTER BACKGROUND. - Bonneville Project, Auditorium, Columbia River, 1 mile Northeast of Exit 40, Interstate 84, Bonneville, Multnomah County, OR

  4. 14. REAR (EAST SIDE) OF BUILDING SHOWING RECEIVING COURT AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. REAR (EAST SIDE) OF BUILDING SHOWING RECEIVING COURT AND SOUTH SIDE OF FOOD PRESERVATION AND SANITATION LABORATORY, LOOKING WEST-NORTHWEST (Harms) - Dairy Industry Building, Iowa State University campus, Ames, Story County, IA

  5. View of foundation, looking southeast. Note tennis courts in background ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of foundation, looking southeast. Note tennis courts in background facing southeast, see HABS No. CA-2716 - Presidio of San Francisco, Officers' Vehicles Garage, 1055 General Kennedy Avenue, Letterman Hospital Complex, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  6. View of foundation, looking south. Note tennis courts in background ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of foundation, looking south. Note tennis courts in background facing south, see HABS no. CA-2716 - Presidio of San Francisco, Officers' Vehicles Garage, 1055 General Kennedy Avenue, Letterman Hospital Complex, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  7. 21. VIEW OF TENNIS COURTS LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM ROOF OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. VIEW OF TENNIS COURTS LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM ROOF OF BUILDING 8970 (CREW READINESS BUILDING). - Loring Air Force Base, Alert Area, Southeastern portion of base, east of southern end of runway, Limestone, Aroostook County, ME

  8. GENERAL VIEW OF MAIN HOUSE, TENNIS COURTS, SWIMMING POOL, JOE'S ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GENERAL VIEW OF MAIN HOUSE, TENNIS COURTS, SWIMMING POOL, JOE'S CABIN AND BUNKHOUSE (LEFT TO RIGHT); CAMERA FACING SOUTH - Harry Carey Ranch, 28515 San Francisquito Canyon Road, Saugus, Los Angeles County, CA

  9. Circular stair from Parking Overlook to Clay Tennis Courts, Riverside ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Circular stair from Parking Overlook to Clay Tennis Courts, Riverside Park at 96th Street, looking southwest. - Henry Hudson Parkway, Extending 11.2 miles from West 72nd Street to Bronx-Westchester border, New York County, NY

  10. Brick incinerator structure located adjacent to "motor courts." This example ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Brick incinerator structure located adjacent to "motor courts." This example is located between Buildings 26 and 27. Facing northeast - Harbor Hills Housing Project, 26607 Western Avenue, Lomita, Los Angeles County, CA

  11. 54. PAGE TWO OF PLANS FOR EXISTING GRAND CANAL COURT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    54. PAGE TWO OF PLANS FOR EXISTING GRAND CANAL COURT (VIRGINIA COURT) ARCHED PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE OVER CARROLL CANAL Plan Sheet D-26358, Sheet No. 2 of 6 (delineated by Richard G. Carrizosa, January 1978) - Venice Canals, Community of Venice, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  12. 56. PAGE FOUR OF PLANS FOR EXISTING GRAND CANAL COURT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    56. PAGE FOUR OF PLANS FOR EXISTING GRAND CANAL COURT (VIRGINIA COURT) ARCHED PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE OVER CARROLL CANAL Plan Sheet D-26358, Sheet No. 4 of 6 (delineated by William Loo, January 1978) - Venice Canals, Community of Venice, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  13. 55. PAGE THREE OF PLANS FOR EXISTING GRAND CANAL COURT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    55. PAGE THREE OF PLANS FOR EXISTING GRAND CANAL COURT (VIRGINIA COURT) ARCHED PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE OVER CARROLL CANAL Plan Sheet D-26358, Sheet No. 3 of 6 (delineated by William Loo, January 1978) - Venice Canals, Community of Venice, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  14. 57. PAGE FIVE OF PLANS FOR EXISTING GRAND CANAL COURT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    57. PAGE FIVE OF PLANS FOR EXISTING GRAND CANAL COURT (VIRGINIA COURT) ARCHED PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE OVER CARROLL CANAL Plan Sheet D-26358, Sheet No. 5 of 6 (delineated by Richard G. Carrizosa, January 1978) - Venice Canals, Community of Venice, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  15. Court Schools: Embracing a Culture of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Paul A.; Catania, Kathryn; Nofziger, Sam

    2012-01-01

    It is ironic that the population of students on which educators have the most surveillance, either through ubiquitous video cameras or through the vigilant presence of probation officers, have been the most invisible in many educational practices. English learners who are incarcerated youth and attend county court schools throughout California are…

  16. Court Dispositions and Rearrest for Intimate Assault

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wooldredge, John; Thistlethwaite, Amy

    2005-01-01

    Researchers examining court dispositions and domestic violence recidivism have argued that disposition effectiveness varies by offender characteristics. We extended this research with analyses of 3,662 persons arrested for misdemeanor assaults on intimates in Hamilton County, Ohio. The incidence, prevalence, and time to rearrest are examined for…

  17. Small Claims Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKitric, Eloise; Davis, Janet

    The study examined individuals and companies who used small claims courts and the results of decisions reached in small claims cases. A review of studies including an empirical study of two Ohio small claims courts monitored for 12 months made it clear that small claims courts need to be examined to determine if utilization and accessibility to…

  18. Order in the Court!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farbman, Madeline

    2005-01-01

    This fall teachers will have the infrequent, but valuable opportunity to teach children about the Supreme Court and its confirmation process. The appointment of a new Justice lets students witness the Court's role and how the three branches of government work together. Teachers also report that the Court is a favorite topic because children can…

  19. Systematic review of the impact of adult drug treatment courts

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Randall T.

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. correctional system is overburdened by individuals suffering from substance use disorders. These illnesses also exact a heavy toll in individual and public health and well-being. Effective methods for reducing the negative impact of substance use disorders comprise critical concerns for policy makers. Drug court treatment programs (DTCs) are present in over 1800 county, tribal, and territorial jurisdictions in the United States, as an alternative to incarceration for offenders with substance use disorders. This review article summarizes available descriptive information on representative drug treatment court populations, summarizes observational studies of drug court participants, and specifically reviews available experimental effectiveness literature on drug treatment courts. The review concludes by examining limitations of the current literature, challenges to conducting research in drug court samples, and potential future directions for research on drug treatment court interventions. Review of non-experimental and quasi-experimental literature regarding the impact of drug treatment courts point toward benefit vs. traditional adjudication in averting future criminal behavior and in reducing future substance use, at least in the short term. Randomized effectiveness studies of drug treatment courts are scant (three identified in the literature on U.S. adult drug courts), and methodological issues arise in combining their findings. These randomized trials failed to demonstrate consistent effect upon re-arrest rates for drug-involved offenders participating in drug treatment court vs. typical adjudication. The two studies examining reconviction and reincarceration, however, demonstrated reductions for the drug treatment court group vs. those typically adjudicated. PMID:20478542

  20. Court diversion in perspective.

    PubMed

    James, David V

    2006-01-01

    Court diversion schemes have been running for a decade in New Zealand and are increasing in number in Australia. This paper aims to give an international and historical context to these developments, by reference to psychiatric initiatives at courts in the US and in England and Wales. From a review of the specialist literature, an account is given of three forms of psychiatric intervention in courts over the last 90 years: court psychiatric clinics and mental health courts in the US, and court diversion schemes in England and Wales. High levels of psychiatric morbidity among prisoners, coupled with a continuing increase in prisoner numbers, demonstrate the need for systems for dealing with mentally ill people who come before the courts. Court diversion in England and Wales developed as part of a system where the mentally ill who are found guilty are sent to hospital in lieu of any other sentence. Its focus is on a form of psychiatric triage, and its ethos is the health of the patient. Court psychiatric clinics in the US grew up as an alternative to assessment in prison. Their focus has been on full psychiatric evaluation in an insanity and incompetence jurisdiction. The ethos has been that of serving the court. Mental health courts are heavily influenced by ideas of therapeutic jurisprudence, and their emphasis has been on a judge holding minor offenders in community care through the threat of judicial sanction. Experience in England and Wales has shown that court diversion can be a powerful and effective intervention. In order for it to function properly, those running court schemes need direct admission rights to psychiatric beds, both open and locked. Court diversion schemes are best as part of a spectrum of services to police stations, courts and prisons, which involved both general and forensic psychiatrists.

  1. Do Specialty Courts Achieve Better Outcomes for Children in Foster Care than General Courts?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloan, Frank A.; Gifford, Elizabeth J.; Eldred, Lindsey M.; Acquah, Kofi F.; Blevins, Claire E.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study assessed the effects of unified family and drug treatment courts (DTCs) on the resolution of cases involving foster care children and the resulting effects on school performance. Method: The first analytic step was to assess the impacts of presence of unified and DTCs in North Carolina counties on time children spent in…

  2. Supreme Court Preview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents the Supreme Court's preview. As the 2005 term neared its June 30 end date, the Supreme Court, still adjusting to its first membership change in 11 years, had yet to decide dozens of cases that had defied quick resolution throughout the term. But with the last-minute release of seriously fractured decisions in many of the…

  3. Supreme Court Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawke, Catherine

    2011-01-01

    Many commentators have noted that the 2010 Supreme Court term was without the "fireworks" of recent years and, therefore, this year the Court garnered limited media attention and national interest. Contributing to this limited attention was the fact that the term ended with no retirements or looming confirmation battles. In addition, the term's…

  4. Supreme Court Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2008-01-01

    This article looks at various cases of the Supreme Court's most recent term. In contrast to the 2006-2007 term when the Supreme Court was regularly split 5-4, during this last term, the justices have formed surprising coalitions in cases considered highly controversial. For example, it was the so-called liberal bloc's Justice Stevens who wrote the…

  5. The psychiatrist in court.

    PubMed

    Grounds, A

    1985-07-01

    Psychiatric evidence may be required on a variety of issues in different courts. Psychiatrists in court face ethical dilemmas, and psychiatric evidence can be misused. Good preparation for cross-examination and a proper understanding of the limits of professional expertise are needed.

  6. Supreme Court Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Kelley R.

    2009-01-01

    "Chief Justice Flubs Oath." "Justice Ginsburg Has Cancer Surgery." At the start of this year, those were the news headlines about the U.S. Supreme Court. But January 2009 also brought news about key education cases--one resolved and two others on the docket--of which school administrators should take particular note. The Supreme Court updates on…

  7. The Court of Consistency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin

    2003-01-01

    Analyzes "Camlin v. Beecher Community School District (Illinois)," wherein the state appellate court held that the school board violated its own drug policy when it expelled a high school student for allegedly smoking marijuana on a field trip without first offering him an opportunity to enter a drug education program. Court also held that…

  8. Insurers lose court battle

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, A.

    1994-09-28

    Recent court disputes concerning insurance coverage of Superfund costs have resulted in the retrial of a proinsurer ruling on environmental cleanup costs for potentially responsible parties. The court rejected the insurance industry`s pollution exclusion clause by Aetna and two nonchemical companies. Supposedly this is good news for the chemical industry, because there will be more access to insurance money in Superfund cleanups.

  9. Genetics in the courts

    SciTech Connect

    Coyle, Heather; Drell, Dan

    2000-12-01

    Various: (1)TriState 2000 Genetics in the Courts (2) Growing impact of the new genetics on the courts (3)Human testing (4) Legal analysis - in re G.C. (5) Legal analysis - GM ''peanots'', and (6) Legal analysis for State vs Miller

  10. Supreme Court's New Term. Supreme Court Roundup.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the issues addressed in the 2002 U.S. Supreme Court term, such as the First, Fourth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments, cruel and unusual punishment, sex offender registries, fair housing, cross burning, jury selection, affirmative action, abortion protests, and copyrights and the public domain. (CMK)

  11. Implementation of the court visitor program in a clinical nursing curriculum.

    PubMed

    Stowell, Jane M; Pihlak, Mary Rose; Matzke, Amanda; O'Keefe, Mary

    2013-12-01

    The State of Texas has more than 19,000 individuals who lack the physical or mental ability to provide for their need for shelter, financial management, or physical care. These individuals have been designated as wards of the court and placed under guardianship. Texas probate courts appoint individuals known as court visitors to make annual visits to wards of the court to assess their well-being under guardianship. Although the 10 statutory probate courts have court visitor programs, many county courts do not. This article describes the details of a service-learning experience using an online distance educational program to train undergraduate nursing students in a mental health course to become court visitors. This information may be useful to others looking for nontraditional clinical experiences and service-learning opportunities for undergraduate nursing students.

  12. Juveniles in court.

    PubMed

    Soulier, Matthew F; Scott, Charles L

    2010-01-01

    Nineteenth-century American reformers were concerned about the influence of immaturity and development in juvenile offenses. They responded to their delinquent youths through the creation of juvenile courts. This early American juvenile justice system sought to treat children as different from adults and to rehabilitate wayward youths through the state's assumption of a parental role. Although these rehabilitative goals were never fully realized, the field of American child psychiatry was spawned from these efforts on behalf of delinquent youths. Early child psychiatrists began by caring for juvenile offenders. The function of a child psychiatrist with juvenile delinquents expanded beyond strictly rehabilitation, however, as juvenile courts evolved to resemble criminal adult courts-due to landmark Supreme Court decisions and also juvenile legislation between 1966 and 1975. In response to dramatically increased juvenile violence and delinquency rates in the 1980s, juvenile justice became more retributional, and society was forced to confront issues such as capital punishment for juveniles, their transfer to adult courts, and their competency to stand trial. In the modern juvenile court, child psychiatrists are often asked to participate in the consideration of such issues because of their expertise in development. In that context we review the role of psychiatrists in assisting juvenile courts.

  13. Court Ordered Desegregation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reber, Sarah J.

    2005-01-01

    The effect of the court ordered desegregation plans, on trends in segregation and white flight, are estimated. The effect of availability of school districts and other factors on the white flight across districts is also mentioned.

  14. Supreme Court Preview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2007-01-01

    The Supreme Court's preview is presented in this article. During the 2006-07 Supreme Court term, it was the 5-4 decisions that garnered the most attention. Twenty-four of the term's 72 cases were decided by this narrowest of margins--the highest percentage of 5-4 opinions in a decade--even as the share of unanimous opinions fell "below levels seen…

  15. The Mentally Retarded and the Juvenile Court Project CAMIO, Volume 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskins, Jimmy R.; Friel, Charles M.

    Studied was the relationship of the mentally retarded (MR) and the juvenile court through an attempt to determine the incidence of MR juveniles adjudicated by the juvenile court in one metropolitan county in Texas, to determine the attitude of juvenile probation officers toward the MR delinquent, and to determine the availability of community…

  16. The Public Schools and the Challenge of The Supreme Court's Integration Decision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wells, Amy Stuart; Frankenberg, Erica

    2008-01-01

    This past June, a 5-4 majority of the U.S. Supreme Court declared integration plans in Louisville and Seattle unconstitutional because of their focus on race as one factor in assigning students to schools. The Court's ruling in the "Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1" and "Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of…

  17. 82. SOUTH PATIO (COURT) PERGOLA, DRAWING NO. NH16/N12(8) 83. (SOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    82. SOUTH PATIO (COURT) PERGOLA, DRAWING NO. NH16/N1-2(8) 83. (SOUTH COURT) MOVING AND RELOCATING TENTS, TUBERCULAR COTTAGES, P.W. OFFICE AND BOUNDARY FENCE, DRAWING NO. NH16/N9-1(5) - U.S. Naval Hospital, Park Boulevard, Balboa Park, San Diego, San Diego County, CA

  18. 20. Photocopy of photograph (from the Bucks County Historical Society) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Photocopy of photograph (from the Bucks County Historical Society) photographer and date unknown GENERAL VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST - Moravian Pottery & Tile Works, Southwest side of State Route 313 (Swamp Road), Northwest of East Court Street, Doylestown, Bucks County, PA

  19. 27. Photocopy of drawing (original in possession of Allegany County, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    27. Photocopy of drawing (original in possession of Allegany County, Cumberland, MD) FACTORY BUILDING, PLAN OF FLOOR B, 1928, NOTE OPEN COURTS - Kelly-Springfield Tire Plant, Factory Building, 701 Kelly Road, Cumberland, Allegany County, MD

  20. 28. Photocopy of drawing (original in possession of Allegany County, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    28. Photocopy of drawing (original in possession of Allegany County, Cumberland, MD) FACTORY BUILDING, PLAN OF FLOOR B, MACHINERY LAYOUT, 1943, NOTE INFILLED COURTS - Kelly-Springfield Tire Plant, Factory Building, 701 Kelly Road, Cumberland, Allegany County, MD

  1. 25. Photocopy of drawing (original in possession of Allegany County, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Photocopy of drawing (original in possession of Allegany County, Cumberland, MD) COURT 4, SECTION BETWEEN COLS. 51 AND 52, LOOKING NORTH, NOTE MONITOR WINDOW, 1920 - Kelly-Springfield Tire Plant, Factory Building, 701 Kelly Road, Cumberland, Allegany County, MD

  2. 72. Crown Street, Chapel Street, Court Street & Grand Avenue ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    72. Crown Street, Chapel Street, Court Street & Grand Avenue Bridges. New Haven, New Haven Co., CT. Sec. 9108, MP 72.63/. 71/.80/.94. - Northeast Railroad Corridor, Amtrak Route between New York/Connecticut & Connecticut/Rhode Island State Lines, New Haven, New Haven County, CT

  3. The Supreme Court, Affirmative Action, and Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Nell, Robert

    2008-01-01

    The American higher education community found a curious mix of good and bad news in the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling last summer, in "Parents Involved v. Seattle School District and Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education", about the use of race-based policies by public elementary and secondary schools. This article discusses this curious…

  4. 71. Historic American Buildings Survey COURT BETWEEN OWNER'S SUITE AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    71. Historic American Buildings Survey COURT BETWEEN OWNER'S SUITE AND BABY HOUSE PHOTOCOPY OF PLATE FROM IRVIN L. SCOTT, 'MARALAGO', THE AMERICAN ARCHITECT (JUNE 20, 1928), P. 807 - Mar-a-Lago, 1100 South Ocean Boulevard, Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, FL

  5. Florida court asked to decide legality of limiting suits.

    PubMed

    1996-06-14

    The state Supreme Court of Florida will rule on the legitimacy of a statute that restricts the ability of a plaintiff to sue for damages arising from HIV-contaminated blood transfusion. Under the malpractice law, patients have 4 years from the time of injury to file suit. In most HIV and AIDS cases, however, symptoms do not appear within the 4-year period. The Broward County Circuit Court recently dismissed a contaminated blood transfusion suit based on the expiration of the 4-year statute of repose. The Court of Appeals held the trial judge's application of the law correct, but found the statute uniquely unfair and harsh in HIV/AIDS cases. The State Supreme Court has been asked to rule on the issue.

  6. Collaboration of Prevention Science and the Family Court

    PubMed Central

    Knox, Phil; Braver, Sanford L.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes 27 years of collaborative activities between a team of researchers at the Arizona State University Prevention Research Center (ASU PRC) and the Maricopa County Family Court Division of the Superior Court. The complementary goals and expertise of the family court and prevention science are described as providing the foundation in which the missions of each can be advanced through collaborative activities. Four kinds of collaborative activities are described, which are differentiated according to the initiator of the activity and the primary immediate beneficiary. Nineteen separate collaborative activities that were conducted over the 27 years are described. Finally, lessons learned from this long-term collaboration are described including; mutual benefits of each activity, the benefit of complementary perspectives, the cumulative value of collaborations over time, the key role of the local key champion, and the societal benefit from the synergistic roles of university-based research and the family courts. PMID:21814836

  7. Court revises suit arising from false-positive test result.

    PubMed

    1999-02-19

    The Texas Court of Appeals reinstated a portion of a lawsuit filed by [name removed], who was denied life insurance coverage following a false-positive HIV test. [Name removed] was denied coverage without explanation and was notified by the Houston Health Department a few weeks later that he was HIV-positive. He was retested several times, with each test being negative. A Harris County (TX) trial court had ruled a summary judgement against all claims, but the appeals court held that he might have a case based on the State's Deceptive Trade Practices Act. The appeals court did not allow him to recover damages based on negligence, but said that he could proceed with his claim of intentional infliction of emotional distress.

  8. Courts and Kids: Pursuing Educational Equity through the State Courts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rebell, Michael A.

    2009-01-01

    Over the past thirty-five years, federal courts have dramatically retreated from actively promoting school desegregation. In the meantime, state courts have taken up the mantle of promoting the vision of educational equity originally articulated in "Brown v. Board of Education". "Courts and Kids" is the first detailed analysis of why the state…

  9. Supreme Court Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.; Hawke, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Of the three branches of government, the Supreme Court usually receives the least national attention. Not so this year. In addition to another changing of the guard with the retirement of Justice Stevens and the nomination of Elena Kagan, the 2009-2010 term generated a great deal of controversy. And in a number of instances, the public's keen…

  10. Supreme Court Roundup.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses U.S. Supreme Court cases during the 2000-01 term. Focuses on federalism, such as the case Solid Waste Agency v. Army Corps of Engineers, No. 99-1178, and cases related to the U.S. Bill of Rights First Amendment, such as United States and Department of Agriculture v. United Foods, Inc., No. 00-276. (CMK)

  11. Supreme Court Roundup

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2005-01-01

    Reactions to the retirement of Justice Sandra Day O'Connor and debate over the president's replacement nomination, Judge John Roberts, Jr., of the D.C. Circuit, dominated this summer's Supreme Court recess. Subsequently, after Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist's death on September 3, 2005, President Bush nominated Roberts for the chief justice…

  12. Supreme Court Roundup.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on two U.S. Supreme Court cases involving unreasonable searches and seizures: (1) Kyllo v. United States, No. 99-8508; and (2) Indianapolis v. Edmond, No. 99-1030. Includes information about the first case and the basis and decision of the second case. (CMK)

  13. The Supreme Court Speaks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, Albert J.; Coplan, Carol

    1987-01-01

    Reviews recent decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court. The decisions involve student rights, the Gramm-Rudman budget law, homosexuals' right to privacy, the regulation of state primary elections, pregnancy and employment policy, Miranda Rights, and the legality of certain police searches. (JDH)

  14. Supreme Court Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2009-01-01

    By the end of the 2008-2009 term, Justice David Souter's decision to return to New Hampshire and President Obama's nomination of Sonia Sotomayor to replace him on the bench had taken over the Supreme Court news cycle. In the end, the consensus has been that, with the possible exception of criminal justice issues, swapping out Souter for Sotomayor…

  15. Supreme Court Potpourri.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Update on Law-Related Education, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Examines several recent Supreme Court decisions and comments on the implications of those decisions. Looks at powers of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the picketing of private homes, involuntary servitude, alcoholism, displaying of adult literature, attorney advertisements, confronting one's accuser, physician peer review…

  16. Court of Public Opinion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oguntoyinbo, Lekan

    2011-01-01

    It was late on Election Day 2010 and Vander Plaats, a Sioux City, Iowa, businessman and leader of a campaign to oust three Iowa Supreme Court justices, had just gotten word that he and his team had pulled it off. The voters had rejected the three justices up for a retention vote: David Baker, Michael Streit, and Chief Justice Marsha Ternus.…

  17. National Youth Court Guidelines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Godwin, Tracy M.

    Youth courts provide communities with an opportunity to impose immediate consequences for first time youthful offenders, while providing a peer operated disposition mechanism that constructively allows young people to take responsibility, be held accountable, and make amends for violating the law. Dispositions hold youth accountable in part…

  18. The Nature of Co-Occurring Exposure to Violence and of Court Responses to Girls in the Juvenile Justice System.

    PubMed

    Morash, Merry

    2016-07-01

    This article examines the co-occurrence of different types of victimization and violence exposure, and the effects of court interventions for girls in juvenile court. A life history interview methodology was used to collect qualitative data from 27 girls who had penetrated deeply into a treatment-oriented county court system. The study revealed that early abuse and violence in the home made girls vulnerable to later intimate partner violence and sexual assault when they left to avoid continued victimization. Whereas some court interventions helped girls, others revictimized them. Implications for helpful court practices and future research are presented and discussed.

  19. An analysis of successful outcomes and associated contributing factors in veterans' court.

    PubMed

    Johnson, R Scott; Stolar, Andrea G; Wu, Emily; Coonan, Loretta A; Graham, David P

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to examine the extent to which a veteran's propensity for arrest following separation from veterans' court is associated with that veteran's length of stay within the program, type of discharge, or number of judicial sanctions issued. This is a retrospective chart review that focuses on the first 100 participants in the Harris County Veterans' Court Program. After controlling for a number of demographic factors, both arrests during enrollment in the veterans' court program (p = .031) and Factor Score 1 (unsuccessful discharge, fewer months in the veterans' court program, and more months of follow up) (p = .042) were predictive of arrest following separation from the veterans' court program. In addition, a prior diagnosis of opiate misuse was also predictive of arrest following separation (p < .001). Given these findings, veterans' court judges and program administrators might examine ways of continuing enrollment for veterans at highest risk for recidivism.

  20. Supreme Court to hear Florida clinic access case.

    PubMed

    1994-04-15

    On April 27, 1994, the US Supreme Court will review a Florida Supreme Court decision ensuring access to women's health clinics that offer abortion services. In October 1993, the Florida High Court determined that an order issued by Brevard/Seminole County Circuit Judge Robert McGregor that requires anti-abortion protestors to remain 36 feet from the clinic grounds, prohibits approaching any clinic patient within 300 feet of the facility, bars excessive noise during clinic hours, and creates a 300 foot safety zone around the homes of clinic staff was reasonable. Anti-abortion activists had challenged Judge McGregor's injunction, maintaining that it violated their First Amendment rights and was overboard. Days before the Florida High Court ruling, however, the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit had rejected Judge McGregor's injunction as unconstitutional. Although the appeal to the US Supreme Court, Madsen vs Women's Health Center, was filed by anti-abortion activists, pro-choice groups are supporting the review as a means of resolving the confusion created by conflicting state and federal rulings.

  1. Nolley v. County of Erie.

    PubMed

    1991-10-31

    The U.S. District Court, Western District of New York, held that the Erie County Holding Center (ECHC) had violated an HIV-positive inmate's privacy rights under the U.S. Constitution and the New York Public Health Law by placing red stickers on the inmate's paperwork and belongings, and by segregating her from the general inmate population. The court reasoned that, pursuant to the federal Centers for Disease Control's recommendation that corrections staff take HIV precautions with all inmates, the ECHC's treatment constituted an unjustifiable isolation based solely on her HIV status. The court also held that the ECHC further violated the inmate's constitutional rights by denying her access to the law library and to religious services. Although the court found the inmate's incarceration conditions "deplorable," the conditions did not constitute "cruel and unusual punishment." The court also found no federal Rehabilitation Act violation because the ECHC did not receive federal financial assistance.

  2. 27 CFR 71.118 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Court review. 71.118... § 71.118 Court review. If an applicant or respondent files an appeal in Federal court of the... record for submission to the court in accordance with the applicable court rules....

  3. 27 CFR 71.118 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Court review. 71.118... § 71.118 Court review. If an applicant or respondent files an appeal in Federal court of the... record for submission to the court in accordance with the applicable court rules....

  4. An exception to court rule

    SciTech Connect

    Black, B.; Strott, L.

    1995-01-01

    In August, 1994, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit handed down a decision that could make it much easier to challenge Superfund remedies in court. The Superfund law explicitly limits judicial review of removal or remedial actions. There are five exceptions to the above which are described in this paper.

  5. Court Cases about Teacher Insubordination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neal, Cory Shawn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to examine court cases about adverse employment actions against public educators for insubordination, in an effort to understand what courts consider to be "insubordination." This study represents qualitative document-based research that was based upon the analysis of case law. The research sources were…

  6. Supreme Court Term in Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawke, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    One can't have a meaningful discussion about the 2011-2012 U.S. Supreme Court term without mentioning the historic health care challenge. However, even without that headliner, the term was jam-packed with interesting twists and turns. In addition to health care, the Court confronted a number of hot-button issues, including: immigration, the rights…

  7. Drug Courts. Technical Assistance Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Join Together, Boston, MA.

    Drug courts are designed to stop the abuse of alcohol and other drugs and the related criminal activity by offering individuals, whose criminal activity stems from substance abuse, the choice to participate in treatment. In exchange for successful completion of a treatment program, the court has the option of dismissing the original charge,…

  8. Intervention of the Courts in School Finance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hack, Walter G.

    1978-01-01

    The rhythm and intensity of judicial activity, questions and issues adjudicated by the courts, judicial approaches and strategies, and the roles played by the courts are discussed with regard to court intervention in state school finance systems. (DS)

  9. "I Don't See Myself as Prison Material": Motivations for Entering a Rural Drug Court.

    PubMed

    Patten, Ryan; Messer, Sarah; Candela, Kimberlee

    2015-10-01

    Since the inception of drug court in the late 1980s, it has become a widely used alternative to incarcerating drug offenders. Previous research has detailed the effectiveness of programming on recidivism, participants' perceptions of the service delivery model, and cost-effectiveness. The scholarship related to drug offender motivations to participate in drug court has largely discussed family obligations and the sense of loss stemming from drug abuse, and only two studies have discussed the fear of prison as a primary motivator. This research utilized semi-structured interviews with former drug court participants from a rural county in California to ascertain their motivation for engaging in drug court (N = 29). The results show 79% of participants were trying to avoid prison or jail, while 62% were motivated to end the cycle of drug abuse in their lives. The conclusion has policy implications for future drug court design; however, additional research is needed. PMID:24788256

  10. Competency courts: a creative solution for restoring competency to the competency process.

    PubMed

    Finkle, Michael J; Kurth, Russell; Cadle, Christopher; Mullan, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    It is well accepted that jail is a poor setting for treating the acutely mentally ill, yet the number of mentally ill persons in jail has increased such that Los Angeles County Jail and Riker's Island in New York house more mentally ill than any psychiatric hospital. The number of mentally ill persons charged with a crime whose competency to stand trial is in question has also increased dramatically. Inefficiencies within the competency process result in mentally ill persons charged with crimes remaining in jail longer than necessary. One solution is "competency court", a specialty court within a mental health court. The same judges, attorneys, and mental health professionals staff both courts. By combining their Mental Health Court experience, they can work with the mentally ill using their expertise in competency law and processes, and thereby improve the competency process and reduce the unnecessary time that mentally ill persons spend in jail.

  11. "I Don't See Myself as Prison Material": Motivations for Entering a Rural Drug Court.

    PubMed

    Patten, Ryan; Messer, Sarah; Candela, Kimberlee

    2015-10-01

    Since the inception of drug court in the late 1980s, it has become a widely used alternative to incarcerating drug offenders. Previous research has detailed the effectiveness of programming on recidivism, participants' perceptions of the service delivery model, and cost-effectiveness. The scholarship related to drug offender motivations to participate in drug court has largely discussed family obligations and the sense of loss stemming from drug abuse, and only two studies have discussed the fear of prison as a primary motivator. This research utilized semi-structured interviews with former drug court participants from a rural county in California to ascertain their motivation for engaging in drug court (N = 29). The results show 79% of participants were trying to avoid prison or jail, while 62% were motivated to end the cycle of drug abuse in their lives. The conclusion has policy implications for future drug court design; however, additional research is needed.

  12. Southern Stalemate: Five Years without Public Education in Prince Edward County, Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonastia, Christopher

    2012-01-01

    In 1959, Virginia's Prince Edward County closed its public schools rather than obey a court order to desegregate. For five years, black children were left to fend for themselves while the courts decided if the county could continue to deny its citizens public education. Investigating this remarkable and nearly forgotten story of local, state, and…

  13. Jaycee B. v. Superior Court.

    PubMed

    1996-02-01

    California's Court of Appeal directed the family court to determine temporary child support during the dissolution of a marriage prior to the birth of a child with no genetic or gestational relationship to the intended parents. A husband and wife had entered into a gestational surrogacy contract for an embryo created by in vitro fertilization and using donated gametes. The trial court declined to make a temporary child support order because it found that the unborn child was not yet a "child of the marriage" under state law. The Court of Appeal held that it was unnecessary at this point in the litigation to conclusively establish the issue of the husband's parenthood. It was sufficient that the husband admitted signing the agreement which, for all practical purposes, caused the child's conception and that the husband would likely be found to be the child's father. PMID:12041102

  14. "California v. Greenwood" Moot Court Simulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Diana

    1989-01-01

    Provides a moot court activity in which secondary students re-enact the U.S. Supreme Court case "California v. Greenwood," concerning the exclusionary rule and the privacy of a citizen's trash. Students role-play Supreme Court justices and attorneys to gain an understanding of how appellate courts operate. (LS)

  15. 42 CFR 401.152 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Court review. 401.152 Section 401.152 Public Health... GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Confidentiality and Disclosure § 401.152 Court review. Where the... seek court review in the district court of the United States pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(a)(4)(B)....

  16. 42 CFR 401.152 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Court review. 401.152 Section 401.152 Public Health... GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Confidentiality and Disclosure § 401.152 Court review. Where the... seek court review in the district court of the United States pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(a)(4)(B)....

  17. 42 CFR 401.152 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Court review. 401.152 Section 401.152 Public Health... GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Confidentiality and Disclosure § 401.152 Court review. Where the... seek court review in the district court of the United States pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(a)(4)(B)....

  18. 42 CFR 401.152 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Court review. 401.152 Section 401.152 Public Health... GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Confidentiality and Disclosure § 401.152 Court review. Where the... seek court review in the district court of the United States pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552(a)(4)(B)....

  19. The Rehnquist Court Comes of Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, David M.

    1989-01-01

    Analyzes the actions and effects of the U.S. Supreme Court under Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist. Considers Court decisions written in 1988-1989, commenting on the Court's growing self-confidence and strength. Concludes that the Rehnquist Court could be one of the most lasting legacies of the Reagan era. (LS)

  20. Cutting Crime: Drug Courts in Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drug Strategies, Washington, DC.

    Drug courts depart from traditional criminal justice practice by directing nonviolent drug abusing offenders to intensive court-supervised drug treatment instead of to prison. An examination of drug courts is offered in this booklet. The text is based on extensive interviews with judges, prosecutors, public defenders, court administrators, police…

  1. Recent supreme court antitrust rulings in health care.

    PubMed

    Podell, L B

    1983-04-01

    Three recent U.S. Supreme Court antitrust rulings that influence the health-care delivery system are examined. Historically four defenses protected the health-care system from antitrust law. They are the learned-profession exemption, the fact that health-care systems have little effect on interstate commerce, the state-action defense, and the business-of-insurance exemption under the McCarran-Ferguson Act. These defenses and Supreme Court cases that have weakened or eliminated them are described. The cases are Arizona v. Maricopa County Medical Society, Union Labor Life Insurance Co. v. Pireno, and Blue Shield of Virginia v. McCready. Health-care providers will be subject to increased antitrust scrutiny as a result of these cases.

  2. Promises, Promises...Does the Juvenile Court Deliver for Status Offenders?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, David; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Describes a study of the Juvenile Court of Cook County (Illinois), its courtroom practices, and activities outside the courtroom aimed at helping status offenders. Results and recommendations are included. Journal available from National Office for Social Responsibility, 208 North Washington, Alexandria, VA 22314. (CT)

  3. Does Drug Testing Deter Drug Court Participants from Using Drugs or Alcohol?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleinpeter, Christine B.; Brocato, Jo; Koob, Jeffrey J.

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluates 3 drug-testing strategies implemented in 5 different jurisdictions with drug courts in Orange County, California. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the sweat patch acts as a deterrent and under what conditions it can be used to improve outcomes. Results indicated that although the use of the sweat patch did not…

  4. The Supreme Court's Search Ruling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Margie

    The 1971 police search of a newspaper office led to the United States Supreme Court's "Zurcher v The Stanford Daily" decision that newspaper offices can permissibly be searched if it is believed that they contain materials that relate to an ongoing criminal investigation. This decision has been viewed by the press as an attack on First Amendment…

  5. The Camera Comes to Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Floren, Leola

    After the Lindbergh kidnapping trial in 1935, the American Bar Association sought to eliminate electronic equipment from courtroom proceedings. Eventually, all but two states adopted regulations applying that ban to some extent, and a 1965 Supreme Court decision encouraged the banning of television cameras at trials as well. Currently, some states…

  6. 25 CFR 11.908 - Court records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Court records. 11.908 Section 11.908 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.908 Court records. (a) A record of all hearings under §§ 11.900-11.1114 of this...

  7. Transfer of Juvenile Cases to Criminal Court.

    PubMed

    Lee, Soo Jung; Kraus, Louis J

    2016-01-01

    The first juvenile court was founded in 1899 with the focus on rehabilitation of a juvenile offender as opposed to punishment in adult court. Determining culpability and disposition for adolescents has become a source of much discussion. With serious crimes, juvenile delinquents may be transferred from juvenile court to adult criminal court; this practice became more prevalent in the past century. However, growing knowledge of adolescent development has mitigated the culpability of youth offenders and resulted in judicial decisions influential to juvenile dispositions.

  8. The Many Voices of the Burger Court and School Desegregation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudgins, H. C., Jr.

    1978-01-01

    Unlike the Warren Court, the Burger Court has had a lack of unanimity on school desegregation cases and the court has been divided. As a result there is no clear direction evident in the court's decisions. (IRT)

  9. 25 CFR 11.206 - Is the Court of Indian Offenses a court of record?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Is the Court of Indian Offenses a court of record? 11.206 Section 11.206 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Courts of Indian Offenses; Personnel; Administration § 11.206 Is the...

  10. The Burger Court and the Press.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higdon, Philip R.

    This report discusses recent cases involving freedom of the press that have been heard before the Burger court of the United States Supreme Court. The report discerns a trend toward treating the press like an ordinary citizen; this is a reversal of the view of the Warren court that the First Amendment creates special rights for the press so that…

  11. The Courts and the News Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickerell, Albert G.; Lipman, Michel

    This book is intended to provide reporters who cover court proceedings with a basic knowledge of the organization of California's courts and of the procedures they follow. It contains: material about court organization and jurisdiction, pretrial civil procedure, pretrial criminal procedure, and civil and criminal trial procedure; a legal…

  12. 5 CFR 890.107 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Court review. 890.107 Section 890.107... EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS PROGRAM Administration and General Provisions § 890.107 Court review. (a) A suit... the carrier or carrier's subcontractors. The recovery in such a suit shall be limited to a court...

  13. 36 CFR 1150.105 - Court enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Court enforcement. 1150.105... BOARD PRACTICE AND PROCEDURES FOR COMPLIANCE HEARINGS Posthearing Procedures; Decisions § 1150.105 Court... appropriate United States district court to enforce, in whole or in part, any final compliance order....

  14. 46 CFR 327.8 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Court action. 327.8 Section 327.8 Shipping MARITIME....8 Court action. (a) No seamen, having a claim specified in subsections (2) and (3) of section 1(a... representatives shall institute a court action for the enforcement of such claim unless such claim shall have...

  15. 45 CFR 1604.7 - Court appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Court appointments. 1604.7 Section 1604.7 Public... LAW § 1604.7 Court appointments. (a) A recipient's written policies may permit a full-time attorney to accept a court appointment if the director of the recipient or the director's designee determines...

  16. 27 CFR 555.80 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Court review. 555.80... Court review. An applicant, licensee, or permittee may, within 60 days after receipt of the decision of..., file a petition for a judicial review of the decision, with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the...

  17. 27 CFR 555.80 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Court review. 555.80... Court review. An applicant, licensee, or permittee may, within 60 days after receipt of the decision of..., file a petition for a judicial review of the decision, with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the...

  18. 45 CFR 1604.7 - Court appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Court appointments. 1604.7 Section 1604.7 Public... LAW § 1604.7 Court appointments. (a) A recipient's written policies may permit a full-time attorney to accept a court appointment if the director of the recipient or the director's designee determines...

  19. 46 CFR 327.34 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Court action. 327.34 Section 327.34 Shipping MARITIME... AND LITIGATION Admiralty Extension Act Claims; Administrative Action and Litigation § 327.34 Court... under 46 U.S.C. 30101(a) against the Maritime Administration, shall institute a court action against...

  20. 5 CFR 890.107 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Court review. 890.107 Section 890.107... EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS PROGRAM Administration and General Provisions § 890.107 Court review. (a) A suit... the carrier or carrier's subcontractors. The recovery in such a suit shall be limited to a court...

  1. 45 CFR 1604.7 - Court appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Court appointments. 1604.7 Section 1604.7 Public... LAW § 1604.7 Court appointments. (a) A recipient's written policies may permit a full-time attorney to accept a court appointment if the director of the recipient or the director's designee determines...

  2. 36 CFR 1150.105 - Court enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Court enforcement. 1150.105... BOARD PRACTICE AND PROCEDURES FOR COMPLIANCE HEARINGS Posthearing Procedures; Decisions § 1150.105 Court... appropriate United States district court to enforce, in whole or in part, any final compliance order....

  3. 46 CFR 327.8 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Court action. 327.8 Section 327.8 Shipping MARITIME... AND LITIGATION § 327.8 Court action. No seamen, having a claim specified in subsections (2) and (3) of... beneficiaries, or their legal representatives shall institute a court action for the enforcement of such...

  4. 46 CFR 327.8 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Court action. 327.8 Section 327.8 Shipping MARITIME....8 Court action. (a) No seamen, having a claim specified in subsections (2) and (3) of section 1(a... representatives shall institute a court action for the enforcement of such claim unless such claim shall have...

  5. 46 CFR 327.34 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Court action. 327.34 Section 327.34 Shipping MARITIME... AND LITIGATION Admiralty Extension Act Claims; Administrative Action and Litigation § 327.34 Court... under 46 U.S.C. 30101(a) against the Maritime Administration, shall institute a court action against...

  6. 46 CFR 327.8 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Court action. 327.8 Section 327.8 Shipping MARITIME... AND LITIGATION § 327.8 Court action. No seamen, having a claim specified in subsections (2) and (3) of... beneficiaries, or their legal representatives shall institute a court action for the enforcement of such...

  7. 36 CFR 1150.105 - Court enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Court enforcement. 1150.105... BOARD PRACTICE AND PROCEDURES FOR COMPLIANCE HEARINGS Posthearing Procedures; Decisions § 1150.105 Court... appropriate United States district court to enforce, in whole or in part, any final compliance order....

  8. 45 CFR 1604.7 - Court appointments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Court appointments. 1604.7 Section 1604.7 Public... LAW § 1604.7 Court appointments. (a) A recipient's written policies may permit a full-time attorney to accept a court appointment if the director of the recipient or the director's designee determines...

  9. 36 CFR 1150.105 - Court enforcement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Court enforcement. 1150.105... BOARD PRACTICE AND PROCEDURES FOR COMPLIANCE HEARINGS Posthearing Procedures; Decisions § 1150.105 Court... appropriate United States district court to enforce, in whole or in part, any final compliance order....

  10. The Court in the Homeric Epos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loginov, Alexandr

    2016-01-01

    The research investigates the court system in Homeric Greece. This period was characterized by a declining culture and scarce works that described those times. Hence, the court procedures of those times remains understudied; therefore, the purpose of this research is to reconstruct theoretically the court procedure in Homeric Greece. Homer's and…

  11. 27 CFR 555.80 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Court review. 555.80... Court review. An applicant, licensee, or permittee may, within 60 days after receipt of the decision of..., file a petition for a judicial review of the decision, with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the...

  12. 27 CFR 555.80 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Court review. 555.80... Court review. An applicant, licensee, or permittee may, within 60 days after receipt of the decision of..., file a petition for a judicial review of the decision, with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the...

  13. 27 CFR 71.118 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Court review. 71.118... OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURES AND PRACTICES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Review § 71.118 Court review. If an applicant or respondent files an appeal in Federal court of...

  14. The Milwaukee story: a public hospital's resistance to the Supreme Court abortion rulings.

    PubMed

    Ambrose, L

    1975-08-01

    A pregnancy was terminated at Milwaukee County General Hospital on March 12, 1975, 2 years after the Supreme Court decision on abortion and almost 8 months after a federal judge directly ordered the hospital to provide abortion services. In order for that abortion to be performed, there had to be Supreme Court action, extensive litigation in lower corts, related actions in state courts, supplementary court orders, and threatened fines and citations for contempt of court for principal hospital and county officials. Yet, the basic issues of this controversy continue. The test of a public hospital's responsibility to provide abortion services offers a case study of the way in which leadership decisions, community pressures, personal beliefs, and professional predispositions can intefere with implementation of the Supreme Court's standards on abortion rights. The hospital's rule 26(b) allows abortion only when pregnancy continuation is life-threatening to the mother. Following the Supreme Court decision, the medical staff of Milwaukee County General supported changing this aborion policy, but the director of the obstetrics and gynecology department strongly opposed any policy change. Among the tactics used to maintian the policy was the claim that there was no doctor at the hospital willing to perform an abortion along with the prohibition of payment of county funds for abortions at either the public hospital or at private hospitals by the County Board of Supervisors. It also appears that religious principles might be at work in influencing public policy decisions. Until 1967 the hospital was part of Marquette University, a private Catholic institution, and the corporation counsel representing the county is known for his opposition to abortion. To a certain extent the obstructionist attitudes that are prevalent reveal the "right to life" element at work in Milwaukee. There is no indication that Milwaukee citizens are uniformly opposed to abortion despite the rhetoric

  15. The Milwaukee story: a public hospital's resistance to the Supreme Court abortion rulings.

    PubMed

    Ambrose, L

    1975-08-01

    A pregnancy was terminated at Milwaukee County General Hospital on March 12, 1975, 2 years after the Supreme Court decision on abortion and almost 8 months after a federal judge directly ordered the hospital to provide abortion services. In order for that abortion to be performed, there had to be Supreme Court action, extensive litigation in lower corts, related actions in state courts, supplementary court orders, and threatened fines and citations for contempt of court for principal hospital and county officials. Yet, the basic issues of this controversy continue. The test of a public hospital's responsibility to provide abortion services offers a case study of the way in which leadership decisions, community pressures, personal beliefs, and professional predispositions can intefere with implementation of the Supreme Court's standards on abortion rights. The hospital's rule 26(b) allows abortion only when pregnancy continuation is life-threatening to the mother. Following the Supreme Court decision, the medical staff of Milwaukee County General supported changing this aborion policy, but the director of the obstetrics and gynecology department strongly opposed any policy change. Among the tactics used to maintian the policy was the claim that there was no doctor at the hospital willing to perform an abortion along with the prohibition of payment of county funds for abortions at either the public hospital or at private hospitals by the County Board of Supervisors. It also appears that religious principles might be at work in influencing public policy decisions. Until 1967 the hospital was part of Marquette University, a private Catholic institution, and the corporation counsel representing the county is known for his opposition to abortion. To a certain extent the obstructionist attitudes that are prevalent reveal the "right to life" element at work in Milwaukee. There is no indication that Milwaukee citizens are uniformly opposed to abortion despite the rhetoric

  16. Supreme Court rejects challenge to FACE.

    PubMed

    1996-10-25

    On October 7, the US Supreme Court declined to hear Skott vs. US, a case challenging the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE). The 1994 law makes it a federal crime to use or attempt to use force, threat of force, or physical obstruction to injure, intimidate, or interfere with reproductive health care providers and their patients. The case came to the High Court after the US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit overturned an earlier district court ruling and upheld the constitutionality of the federal statute in December 1995. Six Wisconsin anti-choice protestors, who had been arrested in September 1994 after participating in a blockade of a Milwaukee women's health facility, had successfully petitioned the US District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin to dismiss criminal charges based on FACE. While the district court held that Congress had no authority under the Commerce Clause or under the Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution to enact FACE, the appellate panel found that the lower court had not given sufficient consideration to congressional findings that the activities restricted by FACE substantially affect interstate commerce and are subject to the regulatory power of Congress. FACE has been upheld by the US Courts of Appeal for the Fourth, Eighth, and Eleventh Circuits and eleven federal district courts. Two district courts have found the law invalid. This marks the third time the High Court has refused to hear a challenge to the law.

  17. Supreme Court rejects challenge to FACE.

    PubMed

    1996-10-25

    On October 7, the US Supreme Court declined to hear Skott vs. US, a case challenging the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE). The 1994 law makes it a federal crime to use or attempt to use force, threat of force, or physical obstruction to injure, intimidate, or interfere with reproductive health care providers and their patients. The case came to the High Court after the US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit overturned an earlier district court ruling and upheld the constitutionality of the federal statute in December 1995. Six Wisconsin anti-choice protestors, who had been arrested in September 1994 after participating in a blockade of a Milwaukee women's health facility, had successfully petitioned the US District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin to dismiss criminal charges based on FACE. While the district court held that Congress had no authority under the Commerce Clause or under the Fourteenth Amendment of the US Constitution to enact FACE, the appellate panel found that the lower court had not given sufficient consideration to congressional findings that the activities restricted by FACE substantially affect interstate commerce and are subject to the regulatory power of Congress. FACE has been upheld by the US Courts of Appeal for the Fourth, Eighth, and Eleventh Circuits and eleven federal district courts. Two district courts have found the law invalid. This marks the third time the High Court has refused to hear a challenge to the law. PMID:12320456

  18. Minnesota court overturns ban on Medicaid coverage for abortion.

    PubMed

    1994-06-24

    Hennipin County District Court Judge William Posten issued a decision on June 16 striking down Minnesota's near ban on abortion coverage for low-income women. Ruling in Women of the State of Minnesota vs. Haas-Steffen, Judge Posten found that the state Constitution's rights of privacy and equality are more protective of women's reproductive choices than the corresponding federal rights. Holding that "the state's selective funding of childbirth over abortion impinges on an indigent woman's fundamental right to decide for herself whether to continue or terminate her pregnancy," the state district court permanently enjoined enforcement of the measure. Minnesota must now cover all medically necessary abortions for women receiving Medicaid. For more than 15 years, the statutes and regulations invalidated by Judge Posten have limited abortion coverage to cases of life endangerment or reported rape or incest. State officials have indicated that they will seek a stay and expedited review of Judge Posten's decision from the Minnesota Supreme Court. Filed on March 8, 1993, the Minnesota case is one of 5 such lawsuits brought by CRLP. Last December, in a similar case, the West Virginia Supreme Court struck down that state's ban on Medicaid coverage for abortions. Similar CRLP cases are still pending in Florida, Texas, and Montana. Plaintiffs--a class of Minnesota Medicaid-eligible women seeking abortions, Dr. Jane Hodgson, Pro-Choice Resources, Women's Health Center, Midwest Health Center for Women, and Meadowbrook Women's Clinic, on behalf of themselves and the women they serve--are represented by CRLP's Simon Heller, Janet Benshoof, and Lenora Lapidus, along with Minnesota attorney Linda Ojala.

  19. Assessing the long-term impact of drug court participation on recidivism with generalized estimating equations.

    PubMed

    Krebs, Christopher P; Lindquist, Christine H; Koetse, Willem; Lattimore, Pamela K

    2007-11-01

    Drug courts are one of the most common strategies for dealing with the large proportion of criminal offenders who are drug-involved, yet methodological limitations limit the conclusions that can be drawn from many existing evaluations of their effectiveness. The current study examined the long-term impact of drug court participation compared to regular probation on the recidivism of 475 drug-involved offenders under supervision in Hillsborough County, Florida. Using a combination of self-reported data (collected through in-person interviews at baseline, i.e., the beginning of supervision) and administrative records, the study employed a repeated measures framework (examining five 6-month time periods from baseline to 30 months post-baseline) and generalized estimating equations to compare the likelihood of being arrested between drug court participants and a matched sample of comparison offenders. The results indicate that participation in drug court was associated with a significant decrease in the likelihood of being arrested in the 12-18 months post-baseline time period. Although the drug court effect was somewhat delayed (it was not significant prior to 12 months) and short-lived (it was not significant after 18 months), the fact that significant program effects were observed during a time period that coincides with the conclusion of drug court participation for graduates and a time period well beyond initial program exposure, suggests that drug court participants are more likely than comparable offenders not exposed to drug court to remain arrest free when no longer under community supervision.

  20. Speech Cases Turned Aside by High Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Mark

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Supreme Court declined without comment to take up two major appeals involving student free-speech rights on the Internet. One appeal encompassed two cases decided in favor of students last June by the full U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit, in Philadelphia. The other appeal stemmed from a decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for…

  1. The psychiatric expert in court.

    PubMed

    Kenny, A

    1984-05-01

    The law about expert evidence is unsatisfactory: it gives scope for the expert to usurp the role of judge, jury and parliament; it brings the professions of the experts into disrepute; and it sets juries the impossible task of sorting pseudo sciences from genuine ones. The law should be reformed by changing statutes which force expert witnesses to testify beyond their science, by taking the provision of expert evidence out of the adversarial context, and by removing from the courts the decision whether a nascent discipline is or is not a science.

  2. 5 CFR 838.806 - Amended court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amended court orders. 838.806 Section 838... (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Requirements for Court Orders Awarding Former Spouse Survivor Annuities § 838.806 Amended court orders. (a) A court order awarding a former spouse...

  3. 5 CFR 838.806 - Amended court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amended court orders. 838.806 Section 838... (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Requirements for Court Orders Awarding Former Spouse Survivor Annuities § 838.806 Amended court orders. (a) A court order awarding a former spouse...

  4. 5 CFR 838.806 - Amended court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amended court orders. 838.806 Section 838... (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Requirements for Court Orders Awarding Former Spouse Survivor Annuities § 838.806 Amended court orders. (a) A court order awarding a former spouse...

  5. 19 CFR 176.31 - Reliquidation following decision of court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reliquidation following decision of court. 176.31...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEEDINGS IN THE COURT OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE Procedure Following Court Decision § 176.31 Reliquidation following decision of court. (a) Decision of U.S. Court...

  6. 19 CFR 176.31 - Reliquidation following decision of court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reliquidation following decision of court. 176.31...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEEDINGS IN THE COURT OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE Procedure Following Court Decision § 176.31 Reliquidation following decision of court. (a) Decision of U.S. Court...

  7. 5 CFR 838.122 - State courts' responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false State courts' responsibilities. 838.122... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Generally Division of Responsibilities § 838.122 State courts' responsibilities. State courts are responsible for— (a) Providing...

  8. 19 CFR 176.31 - Reliquidation following decision of court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reliquidation following decision of court. 176.31...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEEDINGS IN THE COURT OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE Procedure Following Court Decision § 176.31 Reliquidation following decision of court. (a) Decision of U.S. Court...

  9. 5 CFR 838.122 - State courts' responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State courts' responsibilities. 838.122... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Generally Division of Responsibilities § 838.122 State courts' responsibilities. State courts are responsible for— (a) Providing...

  10. 5 CFR 838.122 - State courts' responsibilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false State courts' responsibilities. 838.122... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Generally Division of Responsibilities § 838.122 State courts' responsibilities. State courts are responsible for— (a) Providing...

  11. An Exploration of Treatment and Supervision Intensity among Drug Court and Non-Drug Court Participants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindquist, Christine H.; Krebs, Christopher P.; Warner, Tara D.; Lattimore, Pamela K.

    2009-01-01

    Evidence is accumulating that drug court programs appear effective in reducing the substance use and recidivism of drug-involved offenders. As there is no single drug court model, programs vary from site to site and the extent to which individual programs are fully implemented is not well documented. The extent to which drug court programs deliver…

  12. Update on the Courts. The U.S. Supreme Court: 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Update on Law-Related Education, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Provides an overview of some of the decisions made by the Supreme Court in 1996. Includes a brief profile of the court, a graphic display illustrating its role in the federal court system, the number of signed opinions by each justice, and a profile of chief justice William H. Rehnquist. (MJP)

  13. The Supreme Court confronts AIDS.

    PubMed

    1998-04-17

    The U.S. Supreme Court is taking up its first HIV case, [name removed] vs. [Name removed], which could have a huge impact on the definition of disabilities and on how the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is interpreted in future court cases. A summary of the major points of the case and speculation on how each individual justice can be expected to rule on the issue are discussed. In recent oral arguments, each side was limited to a half hour to present their case and respond to questions from the judges, who are grappling with the definition of a major life activity. In the initial case, a dentist, Dr. [name removed], refused treatments in his office for [name removed], who is HIV-positive. [Name removed] responded by charging that she had been discriminated against under the ADA. Statements and positions from a number of parties are presented, including those who filed amicus briefs in the case. The issue of implications for public health policy is included. The Justice Department's lawyer, Lawrence G. Wallace, presented the government's interests at the oral arguments, and there was some question that his performance was detrimental to the case. PMID:11365301

  14. N.C. Supreme Court upholds exclusion of HIV in jury selection.

    PubMed

    1995-09-01

    The North Carolina Supreme Court sustained the first-degree murder conviction of a defendant found guilty of the murder and mutilation of an HIV-positive gay man. The defense counsel asked for a new trial because the county judge, who convicted the defendant but disagreed with the death penalty recommendation made by the prosecution, prevented the defense from questioning potential jurors about their attitudes towards AIDS. The judge also denied the prosecutors' request to have evidence of the victim's homosexuality and HIV status excluded from the trial. However, the judge did bar questioning of prospective jurors about their attitudes towards AIDS, unless a potential juror raised the issue during jury selection process. The Supreme Court ruled that the defense failed to prove that the county judge's decision had any impact on the trial's outcome.

  15. State court finds Michigan mandatory delay law unconstitutional.

    PubMed

    1994-07-22

    On July 15 (1994), Wayne County Circuit Court Judge John Murphy struck down Michigan's 1993 law requiring women seeking abortions to delay 24 hours after receiving state-mandated information. Finding that the Michigan Constitution encompasses a right to privacy, which includes the right to choose abortion, Judge Murphy invalidated the never-enforced law by applying "strict scrutiny"--the judicial standard used to review restrictions on fundamental rights. Although Roe v. Wade established strict scrutiny as the test for evaluating abortion restrictions, the US Supreme Court revised that standard as a matter of federal law when it adopted the less protective "undue burden" standard in Planned Parenthood v. Carey. As a result, the state constitutional right to privacy recognized by Judge Murphy is more protective of childbearing decisions than the corresponding federal right. Judge Murphy further found that the mandatory delay law violates a state constitutional prohibition on unfunded mandates because, while local health departments would be required to distribute the state-printed materials, the legislature did not appropriate monies to cover the costs of this added responsibility. Michigan officials have indicated that they will appeal the decision in Mahaffey v. Attorney General of Michigan, which is 1 of 2 lawsuits that were filed on March 10 against the mandatory delay law. Plaintiffs in the state case--a local health department official and 3 physicians--are represented by the ACLU of Michigan. CRLP attorneys represent more than 2 dozen reproductive health care providers who filed the other challenge, Northland Family Planning Inc. v. Engler, in federal court and obtained a temporary stay of the law. During 4 days of trial beginning on June 20, CRLP presented witnesses who testifed that the mandatory delay law would impose an undue burden on women seeking abortions in Michigan. As a result of Judge Murphy's ruling, CRLP federal case will be put on hold. However

  16. Court Cases Involving Contracts for School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, L. Hank

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to analyze trends in the United States regarding contract disputes that exist in school districts. Court cases were identified at the state and federal level to determine the outcomes and the fact patterns of contract disputes. To gain the knowledge of how courts handle cases of contractual breach, contracts…

  17. Educational Policy-Making by the Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rezny, Arthur A.

    This paper addresses itself to the question of whether the courts determine educational policy, confining its discussion to three court cases. The cases focus on academic freedom and the authority to dismiss, the rights of an individual to discuss in public the injustice of his transfer, and reverse discrimination. (Author/JF)

  18. Kentucky's Unified Court of Justice. Teachers' Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort. Div. of Program Development.

    Resource materials and learning activities to help secondary students in Kentucky learn about their state's court system are provided. The guide begins by providing a history of the Kentucky Court of Justice. Discussed are the qualification of judges, the Retirement and Removal Commission, the Judicial Nominating Commission, and juries. Background…

  19. The Supreme Court as a Small Group.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownlee, Don

    The application of small group interaction and decision making assessment methods has demonstrated many of the interpersonal preferences, understandings, and attitudes of the Supreme Court. Six terms of the Supreme Court, from October 1969 through October 1974 were chosen for evaluation. Only those cases in which the formal opinion of the Court…

  20. Supreme Court Biographies as a Classroom Resource

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, John Paul

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author goes beyond Supreme Court decisions to investigate the upbringing and personalities of three Supreme Court justices who left their mark on history: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Thurgood Marshall, and Sandra Day O'Connor. His interviews with their biographers, G. Edward White for Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Juan Williams…

  1. The Roberts Court and Academic Freedom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahdert, Mark C.

    2007-01-01

    Since President Bush named Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. and Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr. to the Supreme Court, speculation has run high as to where the new court may be headed. Citing three recent cases ("Morse v. Frederick", "Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights, Inc." and "Garcetti v. Ceballos"), Rahdert expresses concern…

  2. Desegregation Dead? Not in This Court Decision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sneed, Maree

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the interpretations of the court's ruling in "Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District 1." The decision handed down June 28, the last day of the Supreme Court's term, does not prohibit school districts from voluntarily integrating schools as long as the school district meets certain legal…

  3. The Supreme Court in the Culture Wars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rabkin, Jeremy

    1996-01-01

    Argues that the U.S. Supreme Court has been an active and liberally biased participant in the U.S. culture war. Historical evidence is presented, including areas of tuition tax credit and segregated private schools, abortion and the Right-to-Life movement, and prayer in public schools. The author discusses how the Supreme Court has strengthened…

  4. The Rehnquist Court and the Tenth Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemerinsky, Erwin

    1995-01-01

    Examines several recent decisions of the more conservative and constructionist Rehnquist Supreme Court. Discusses those judgements that challenge the regulatory power of the federal government. In separate cases concerning mandatory retirement of state judges and regulating toxic waste clean-up, the high court ruled in favor of state control. (MJP)

  5. Court Seen Balky on Religion Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Mark

    2010-01-01

    When Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. reached his fifth anniversary on the U.S. Supreme Court in late September, observers took note of the court's rightward shift during his tenure in a number of areas, including corporate spending on federal elections and the ways school districts may consider race in assigning students. But at least one…

  6. What Happens to Mental Health Court Noncompleters?

    PubMed

    Ray, Bradley; Hood, Brittany J; Canada, Kelli E

    2015-01-01

    Mental health court (MHC) research consistently finds that defendants who successfully complete and graduate from the court are less likely to recidivate than those who do not. However, research has not assessed what happens to these noncompleters once they are sent back to traditional court. Using follow-up data on six years of noncompleters from pre-adjudication MHC, we examine what happens to these defendants in traditional court. Findings suggest that 63.7% of defendants' charges were dismissed, 21.0% received probation, and 15.3% were sentenced to incarceration. We examine the time to disposition and differences in defendant characteristics and disposition outcome as well as the relationship between disposition and subsequent recidivism. Results suggest that more severe punishments in traditional court are associated with recidivism. Logistic regression analysis shows that defendants whose charges were dismissed in traditional court were less likely to recidivate than those who were sentenced to probation or incarceration. Our findings highlight the need for future MHC evaluations to consider traditional court outcomes and support trends towards post-adjudication courts.

  7. 28 CFR 902.7 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Court action. 902.7 Section 902.7 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION PROCEDURES § 902.7 Court action. Pursuant to Section (c) of Article XI of the Compact, a decision by...

  8. 28 CFR 902.7 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Court action. 902.7 Section 902.7 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION PROCEDURES § 902.7 Court action. Pursuant to Section (c) of Article XI of the Compact, a decision by...

  9. 28 CFR 902.7 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Court action. 902.7 Section 902.7 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION PROCEDURES § 902.7 Court action. Pursuant to Section (c) of Article XI of the Compact, a decision by...

  10. 28 CFR 902.7 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Court action. 902.7 Section 902.7 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION PROCEDURES § 902.7 Court action. Pursuant to Section (c) of Article XI of the Compact, a decision by...

  11. 28 CFR 902.7 - Court action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Court action. 902.7 Section 902.7 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION PROCEDURES § 902.7 Court action. Pursuant to Section (c) of Article XI of the Compact, a decision by...

  12. The Supreme Court of the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Supreme Court of the U. S., Washington, DC.

    This booklet describes the history, procedures, and the courthouse, plus offering a brief vita for each justice. The pamphlet explains the role of the Supreme Court as the constitutional interpretor and applicator of the United States governmental system, recounting a history of the development of that role. The organization of the court is…

  13. 42 CFR 401.152 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Court review. 401.152 Section 401.152 Public Health... GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Confidentiality and Disclosure § 401.152 Court review. Where the Administrator upon review affirms the denial of a request for records, in whole or in part, the requester...

  14. Buyer's Guide for Tennis Court Construction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United States Tennis Court & Track Builders Association.

    This booklet examines seven planning and decision-making tips for investing in and building tennis courts that can prolong court life and get the most from the investment. It examines defining needs, developing a budget, considering the use of a consultant, choosing a site, choosing a surface and developing working specifications, making specific…

  15. Juvenile Drug Courts and Teen Substance Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butts, Jeffrey A., Ed.; Roman, John, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Juvenile justice officials across the United States are embracing a new method of dealing with adolescent substance abuse. Importing a popular innovation from adult courts, state and local governments have started hundreds of specialized drug courts to provide judicial supervision and coordinate substance abuse treatment for drug-involved…

  16. Court Showdown over Florida Vouchers Nears

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richard, Alan

    2005-01-01

    This article reports on a nationally-watched case by educators and families which is scheduled to be heard by the Florida Supreme Court. The court is to decide whether Opportunity Scholarships, available to students enrolled in Florida's persistently lowest-rated public schools, run afoul of a prohibition on using public money in religious…

  17. The Equal Access Act: Recent Court Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bjorklun, Eugene C.

    1989-01-01

    Examines court decisions which led to the passage of the Equal Access Act of 1984. Although the act was designed to clarify the issue over the legality of permitting religious clubs to meet on school property, it may have created more confusion. Concludes that the Supreme Court may have to decide the issue. (SLM)

  18. [Andreas Vesalius in the Spanish Court].

    PubMed

    Izumi, Hyonosuke

    2004-12-01

    After the publication of "Fabrica," Andreas Vesalius entered the Spanish court and became a court physician to Charles the Fifth, Holy Roman Emperor, and then to Philip the Second, Spanish king. The author studied this process and its historical background. The ancestors of Vesalius had close relations with the Hapsburgs and the dukes of BUrgundy, and served them as court physician or a court pharmacist. Vesalius was born in Brussels, obtained his degree at the University of Padua, Italy, became professor of anatomy and surgery there, and published "Tabulae Anatomicae Sex" and "Fabrica."In the ear of the Spanish court, the treatments of Henry the Second, French king, and of Don Carlos, Spanish crown prince, are famous among Vesalius' medical contributions. In the year of his resignation, Charles the Fifth conferred the title of count palatine on Vesalius. PMID:15818875

  19. [Andreas Vesalius in the Spanish Court].

    PubMed

    Izumi, Hyonosuke

    2004-12-01

    After the publication of "Fabrica," Andreas Vesalius entered the Spanish court and became a court physician to Charles the Fifth, Holy Roman Emperor, and then to Philip the Second, Spanish king. The author studied this process and its historical background. The ancestors of Vesalius had close relations with the Hapsburgs and the dukes of BUrgundy, and served them as court physician or a court pharmacist. Vesalius was born in Brussels, obtained his degree at the University of Padua, Italy, became professor of anatomy and surgery there, and published "Tabulae Anatomicae Sex" and "Fabrica."In the ear of the Spanish court, the treatments of Henry the Second, French king, and of Don Carlos, Spanish crown prince, are famous among Vesalius' medical contributions. In the year of his resignation, Charles the Fifth conferred the title of count palatine on Vesalius.

  20. The Courts, Public Health, and Legal Preparedness

    PubMed Central

    Stier, Daniel D.; Nicks, Diane; Cowan, Gregory J.

    2007-01-01

    The judicial branch’s key roles, as guardian of civil liberties and protector of the rule of law, can be acutely relevant during public health emergencies when courts may need to issue orders authorizing actions to protect public health or restraining public health actions that are determined to unduly interfere with civil rights. Legal preparedness for public health emergencies, therefore, necessitates an understanding of the court system and how courts are involved in public health issues. In this article we briefly describe the court system and then focus on what public health practitioners need to know about the judicial system in a public health emergency, including the courts’ roles and the consequent need to keep courts open during emergencies. PMID:17413084

  1. Postpartum psychosis and the courts.

    PubMed

    Nau, Melissa L; McNiel, Dale E; Binder, Renée L

    2012-01-01

    Although mental state defenses frequently are raised in cases of infanticide, legal criteria for these defenses vary across jurisdictions. We reviewed outcomes of such cases in states using M'Naughten or model penal code (MPC) standards for insanity, and the factors considered by the courts in reaching these decisions. LexisNexis and Westlaw searches were conducted of case law, legal precedent, and law review articles related to infanticide. Google and other Internet search engines were used to identify unpublished cases. Despite the differing legal standards for insanity among states, the outcomes of infanticide cases do not appear to be dependent solely on which standard is used. The presence of psychosis was important in the successful mental state defenses. This case series suggests that states that use the stricter M'Naughten standard have not been less likely than states with an MPC standard to adjudicate women who have committed infanticide as not guilty by reason of insanity.

  2. Correlates of Competency to Stand Trial Among Youths Admitted to a Juvenile Mental Health Court.

    PubMed

    Bath, Eraka; Reba-Harrelson, Lauren; Peace, Robyn; Shen, Jie; Liu, Honghu

    2015-09-01

    Competency to stand trial (CST) assessment of juvenile offenders is a relatively recent phenomenon, as are juvenile mental health courts. Factors associated with youths' ability to participate in legal proceedings are not well understood, regardless of the court venue. Using a sample of 324 juveniles participating in the Los Angeles County Juvenile Mental Health Court (LAJMHC), we sought to explore the relationships of age, mental health diagnosis, and history of mental health treatment to CST status. Results suggest youths under the age of 15 were significantly more likely to have been found incompetent to stand trial (IST) when compared with older youths (p = .007). Youths with a diagnosis of a pervasive developmental disorder or intellectual disability were also more likely to be found IST than those without these diagnoses (p = .02 and p = .0001, respectively). Conversely, participants aged 16 or 17 years and diagnosed with a mood, substance abuse, or psychotic disorder were more likely to be found CST than those without these diagnoses (p < .0001, p = .035, and p = .0064, respectively). Participants with a history of psychotherapy or psychotropic medication were more likely to be found CST than were those without any treatment history (p < .0001). Further research on factors that affect CST status in juveniles who participate in mental health courts may be particularly salient to improve understanding of specific treatment and rehabilitative needs of youthful offenders, and to inform approaches to competency attainment and recidivism prevention services, both within these specialty courts and in juvenile proceedings in general.

  3. Correlates of Competency to Stand Trial Among Youths Admitted to a Juvenile Mental Health Court.

    PubMed

    Bath, Eraka; Reba-Harrelson, Lauren; Peace, Robyn; Shen, Jie; Liu, Honghu

    2015-09-01

    Competency to stand trial (CST) assessment of juvenile offenders is a relatively recent phenomenon, as are juvenile mental health courts. Factors associated with youths' ability to participate in legal proceedings are not well understood, regardless of the court venue. Using a sample of 324 juveniles participating in the Los Angeles County Juvenile Mental Health Court (LAJMHC), we sought to explore the relationships of age, mental health diagnosis, and history of mental health treatment to CST status. Results suggest youths under the age of 15 were significantly more likely to have been found incompetent to stand trial (IST) when compared with older youths (p = .007). Youths with a diagnosis of a pervasive developmental disorder or intellectual disability were also more likely to be found IST than those without these diagnoses (p = .02 and p = .0001, respectively). Conversely, participants aged 16 or 17 years and diagnosed with a mood, substance abuse, or psychotic disorder were more likely to be found CST than those without these diagnoses (p < .0001, p = .035, and p = .0064, respectively). Participants with a history of psychotherapy or psychotropic medication were more likely to be found CST than were those without any treatment history (p < .0001). Further research on factors that affect CST status in juveniles who participate in mental health courts may be particularly salient to improve understanding of specific treatment and rehabilitative needs of youthful offenders, and to inform approaches to competency attainment and recidivism prevention services, both within these specialty courts and in juvenile proceedings in general. PMID:26438811

  4. The Supreme Court upholds parental notice requirements.

    PubMed

    1990-01-01

    On June 25, 1990 the US Supreme Court ruled in 2 cases concerned with the constitutionally of 2 state law that required parental notification of minors seeking an abortion. In Hodgson v Minnesota the Court ruled that states may not require 2 parent notification. They can however require that both biological parents be notified if a judicial bypass is provided for minors wishing to keep the matter private. In Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health the Court upheld a 1 parent notification law which included a judicial bypass clause. The Court however did refuse to decide whether the state must provide the bypass option it is mandates 1 parent notification. In the Hodgson case the courts opinion stated that the state did not have the right to require that family members talk to each other. Also the Court upheld that states may require a 48-hour waiting period between notification and the procedure to give parents time to provide medical records and to check the doctor's competency. In Ohio the court ruled that states do not have to guarantee absolute anonymity of the minor as long as they make a reasonable effort to keep her name from beginning public. The Court also ruled that states can require a minor to provide "clear and compelling" evidence, the most difficult legal standard of proof, when she is petitioning the court that she is sufficiently mature to consent to the procedure or that parental notification is not in her best interest. Also, the Court ruled that the state may require doctors to notify the parents personally concerning the procedure.

  5. No Soldier Left Behind: The Veterans Court Solution.

    PubMed

    Lucas, Paul A; Hanrahan, Kathleen J

    2016-01-01

    This paper concerns one of the newer iterations of problem-solving courts: veterans treatment courts. We trace the history of problem solving court implementation and explore the functioning of an established veterans court. The focus of this exploratory, qualitative study is the courthouse workgroup and their interactions both within the veterans court and with more traditional criminal courts and criminal justice agencies. We summarize the literature on problem solving courts and the experience, insights and suggestions of the members of the court we examined.

  6. The Supreme Court confronts AIDS: expanded coverage.

    PubMed

    1998-07-24

    The United States Supreme Court ruled that people with HIV infection may be covered under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), even if they are symptom free. In [name removed] v. [Name removed] sued Dr. [name removed] for discrimination. [Name removed] refused to fill a cavity for [name removed], who is HIV-positive, unless the procedure was performed at a local hospital where he felt there would be better infection-control procedures. The First Circuit Court ruled that [name removed] did not present sufficient evidence showing that HIV transmission was riskier in a dental setting versus a hospital setting. [Name removed] then appealed to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled on June 25, 1998 that [name removed] was protected from discrimination under the ADA's definition of disability, due to her decision to not have children because of her HIV status. Therefore, [name removed]'s decision to not fill the cavity could be considered discrimination. The Supreme Court's decision allows for a broader interpretation of the ADA in future court cases, which may prove beneficial for other HIV positive people or for people suffering from various life threatening diseases. Other possibilities of how HIV might affect major life activities, and as a result, be covered under the ADA are discussed. Positive and negative comments regarding the Supreme Court's decision are also included. PMID:11365574

  7. Physiological, perceptual, and technical responses to on-court tennis training on hard and clay courts.

    PubMed

    Reid, Machar M; Duffield, Rob; Minett, Geoffrey M; Sibte, Narelle; Murphy, Alistair P; Baker, John

    2013-06-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of court surface (clay vs. hard court) on technical, physiological, and perceptual responses to on-court tennis training. Four high-performance junior male players performed 2 identical training sessions on hard and clay courts, respectively. Sessions included both physical conditioning and technical elements as led by the coach. Each session was filmed for later notational analysis of stroke count and error rates. Furthermore, players wore a global positioning satellite device to measure distance covered during each session, while heart rate, countermovement jump distance, and capillary blood measures of metabolites were measured before, during, and after each session. Additionally, a respective coach and athlete rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured after each session. Total duration and distance covered during each session were comparable (p > 0.05; d < 0.20). Although forehand and backhands stroke volume did not differ between sessions (p > 0.05; d < 0.30), large effects for increased unforced and forced errors were present on the hard court (p > 0.05; d > 0.90). Furthermore, large effects for increased heart rate, blood lactate, and RPE values were evident on clay compared with hard courts (p > 0.05; d > 0.90). Additionally, although player and coach RPE on hard courts were similar, there were large effects for coaches to underrate the RPE of players on clay courts (p > 0.05; d > 0.90). In conclusion, training on clay courts results in trends for increased heart rate, lactate, and RPE values, suggesting that sessions on clay courts tend towards higher physiological and perceptual loads than hard courts. Furthermore, coaches seem effective at rating player RPE on hard courts but may underrate the perceived exertion of sessions on clay courts.

  8. Offshore Oil: Supreme Court Ruling Intensified Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science, 1975

    1975-01-01

    Reports on a Supreme Court ruling giving the federal government jurisdiction over substantial areas of the outer continental shelf (OCS) which opens the door for a federal program of OCS leasing. (GS)

  9. The Supreme Court V. Retarded Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biklen, Douglas

    1981-01-01

    The author examines the Supreme Court decisions regarding the rights of retarded children not to be institutionalized and rights of retarded people to have aggressive medical treatment that will help prolong their lives. (SB)

  10. 29 CFR 1608.8 - Adherence to court order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.8 Adherence to court order. Parties are entitled to rely on orders of courts of competent jurisdiction. If adherence to an Order of a United States District Court or other court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered by consent...

  11. 29 CFR 1608.8 - Adherence to court order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.8 Adherence to court order. Parties are entitled to rely on orders of courts of competent jurisdiction. If adherence to an Order of a United States District Court or other court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered by consent...

  12. 29 CFR 1608.8 - Adherence to court order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.8 Adherence to court order. Parties are entitled to rely on orders of courts of competent jurisdiction. If adherence to an Order of a United States District Court or other court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered by consent...

  13. 29 CFR 1608.8 - Adherence to court order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.8 Adherence to court order. Parties are entitled to rely on orders of courts of competent jurisdiction. If adherence to an Order of a United States District Court or other court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered by consent...

  14. 29 CFR 1608.8 - Adherence to court order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... APPROPRIATE UNDER TITLE VII OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, AS AMENDED § 1608.8 Adherence to court order. Parties are entitled to rely on orders of courts of competent jurisdiction. If adherence to an Order of a United States District Court or other court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered by consent...

  15. Learning by Trial and Error: A Case for Moot Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, J. Lon; Skaggs, Neil T.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the use of active learning within economics focusing on moot courts. Explains how moot courts fit into economics and presents examples of how moot courts can be used within law and economics, history of economic thought, and environmental economics courses. Highlights student perceptions of moot courts. Includes a bibliography. (CMK)

  16. 25 CFR 11.901 - The children's court established.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false The children's court established. 11.901 Section 11.901... LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.901 The children's court established. When conducting proceedings under §§ 11.900-11.1114 of this part, the Court of Indian Offenses shall be known as the...

  17. 25 CFR 11.901 - The children's court established.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false The children's court established. 11.901 Section 11.901... LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.901 The children's court established. When conducting proceedings under §§ 11.900-11.1114 of this part, the Court of Indian Offenses shall be known as the...

  18. 25 CFR 11.901 - The children's court established.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false The children's court established. 11.901 Section 11.901... LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.901 The children's court established. When conducting proceedings under §§ 11.900-11.1114 of this part, the Court of Indian Offenses shall be known as the...

  19. 25 CFR 11.901 - The children's court established.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false The children's court established. 11.901 Section 11.901... LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.901 The children's court established. When conducting proceedings under §§ 11.900-11.1114 of this part, the Court of Indian Offenses shall be known as the...

  20. 25 CFR 11.901 - The children's court established.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true The children's court established. 11.901 Section 11.901... LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.901 The children's court established. When conducting proceedings under §§ 11.900-11.1114 of this part, the Court of Indian Offenses shall be known as the...

  1. 32 CFR 935.61 - Wake Island Court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Wake Island Court. 935.61 Section 935.61... REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.61 Wake Island Court. (a) The trial judicial authority for Wake Island is vested in the Wake Island Court. (b) The Wake Island Court consists of one or more...

  2. 32 CFR 935.61 - Wake Island Court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Wake Island Court. 935.61 Section 935.61... REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.61 Wake Island Court. (a) The trial judicial authority for Wake Island is vested in the Wake Island Court. (b) The Wake Island Court consists of one or more...

  3. 32 CFR 935.61 - Wake Island Court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Wake Island Court. 935.61 Section 935.61... REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.61 Wake Island Court. (a) The trial judicial authority for Wake Island is vested in the Wake Island Court. (b) The Wake Island Court consists of one or more...

  4. 32 CFR 935.61 - Wake Island Court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Wake Island Court. 935.61 Section 935.61... REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.61 Wake Island Court. (a) The trial judicial authority for Wake Island is vested in the Wake Island Court. (b) The Wake Island Court consists of one or more...

  5. 32 CFR 935.61 - Wake Island Court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wake Island Court. 935.61 Section 935.61... REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Judiciary § 935.61 Wake Island Court. (a) The trial judicial authority for Wake Island is vested in the Wake Island Court. (b) The Wake Island Court consists of one or more...

  6. 5 CFR 838.1016 - Receipt of multiple court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Receipt of multiple court orders. 838... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1016 Receipt of multiple court orders. In the event that OPM receives two or...

  7. 5 CFR 838.1014 - Guidelines on interpreting court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Guidelines on interpreting court orders... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1014 Guidelines on interpreting court orders. As circumstances...

  8. 25 CFR 11.912 - Contempt of court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Contempt of court. 11.912 Section 11.912 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.912 Contempt of court. Any willful disobedience or interference...

  9. 5 CFR 838.1004 - Qualifying court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Qualifying court orders. 838.1004 Section... (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1004 Qualifying court orders. (a) A former spouse is entitled to a portion of an...

  10. 5 CFR 838.1016 - Receipt of multiple court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Receipt of multiple court orders. 838... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1016 Receipt of multiple court orders. In the event that OPM receives two or...

  11. 5 CFR 838.1004 - Qualifying court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Qualifying court orders. 838.1004 Section... (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1004 Qualifying court orders. (a) A former spouse is entitled to a portion of an...

  12. 5 CFR 838.1004 - Qualifying court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Qualifying court orders. 838.1004 Section... (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1004 Qualifying court orders. (a) A former spouse is entitled to a portion of an...

  13. 5 CFR 838.1014 - Guidelines on interpreting court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Guidelines on interpreting court orders... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1014 Guidelines on interpreting court orders. As circumstances...

  14. 42 CFR 405.730 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with the provisions of section 205(g) of the Act. The filing procedure is set forth at 20 CFR 422... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Court review. 405.730 Section 405.730 Public Health... Court review. (a) To the extent authorized by sections 1869, 1876(c)(5)(B), and 1879(d) of the Act,...

  15. 42 CFR 405.730 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... accordance with the provisions of section 205(g) of the Act. The filing procedure is set forth at 20 CFR 422... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Court review. 405.730 Section 405.730 Public Health... Court review. (a) To the extent authorized by sections 1869, 1876(c)(5)(B), and 1879(d) of the Act,...

  16. Court reaffirms Roe but upholds restrictions.

    PubMed

    1992-01-01

    By a 5-4 margin, the U.S. Supreme Court reaffirmed on June 29, 1992, "the essential holding in Roe v. Wade" that prior to fetal viability, a woman has a constitutional right to obtain an abortion. After viability, a state may prohibit abortion, but only if it provides exceptions for endangerment to the woman's life or health. The Court said that both the intimate nature of the decision to terminate a pregnancy and the Court's obligation to follow precedent required it to uphold Roe's central holding. At the same time, however, the Court discarded Roe's trimester framework that severely restricted a state's power to regulate abortion in the early stages of pregnancy, saying that the trimester framework "undervalues" the state's interest in potential life, which exists throughout pregnancy. The Court also adopted a more lenient standard for analyzing the constitutionality of abortion restrictions than was permitted under Roe. It said a state may regulate abortion throughout pregnancy, as long as it does not impose an "undue burden" on a woman's right to terminate her pregnancy. The Court defined "undue burden" as a regulation that "has the purpose or effect of placing a substantial obstacle in the path of a woman seeking an abortion of a nonviable fetus." Under Roe, the right to abortion was deemed "fundamental" and could not be restricted unless the state could show a "compelling" interest in doing so.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  17. Vulnerable populations: drug court program clients.

    PubMed

    Speck, Patricia M; Connor, Pamela D; Hartig, Margaret T; Cunningham, Patricia D; Fleming, Belinda

    2008-09-01

    Substance abuse and addiction are chronic conditions characterized by an inability to control one's urge to use mood- or mind-altering drugs. Recognition of the association between addictions and crime to support the addiction, along with the relapsing nature of addictions, presents treatment and management challenges for clinicians and frustration for patients and their families. Pressures to reduce the burgeoning jail population have resulted in collaboration between the treatment community and the court--a diversion program called drug court. This article reviews the drug court programs, the clients, and the processes of accountability that direct the progress toward sobriety in the drug court clients. It also argues that the drug court clients have unique health needs requiring interventions best suited for the recovering addict enrolled in a diversion program within the criminal justice system. Nurses have the ability to influence these systems and provide safety-net clinics to drug court clients through outreach, case finding, and culturally and linguistically appropriate care that can ultimately help this population to reach a higher level of wellness.

  18. The Warren Court and the Burger Court: Some Comparisons of Education-Related Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faber, Charles F.

    1981-01-01

    Compares the records of the Warren Court and the Burger Court on education-related cases concerning religion and the schools, teachers' loyalty, due process and racial segregation, freedom of expression, civil rights, and equal protection under the law. Reports the voting record of individual justices. (Author/MLF)

  19. Do DWI Courts Work? An Empirical Evaluation of a Texas DWI Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanaugh, Michael R.; Franklin, Travis W.

    2012-01-01

    Driving while intoxicated (DWI) courts have recently gained traction as a potential solution to the problem of repeat DWI offending. Unfortunately, there are only a handful of peer-reviewed studies that have examined their effectiveness. Thus, the current study compared DWI court graduates to a group of similar offenders who completed probation.…

  20. Systematic review of the impact of adult drug-treatment courts.

    PubMed

    Brown, Randall T

    2010-06-01

    The U.S. correctional system is overburdened with individuals suffering from substance use disorders. These illnesses also exact a heavy toll on individual and public health and well-being. Effective methods for reducing the negative impact of substance use disorders comprise critical concerns for policy makers. Drug treatment court (DTC) programs are present in more than 1800 county, tribal, and territorial jurisdictions in the United States as an alternative to incarceration for offenders with substance use disorders. This review article summarizes the available descriptive information on representative DTC populations and the observational studies of drug court participants, and it specifically reviews the available experimental effectiveness literature on DTCs. The review concludes by examining the limitations of the current literature, challenges to conducting research in drug court samples, and potential future directions for research on DTC interventions. A review of nonexperimental and quasi-experimental literature regarding the impact of DTCs points toward benefit versus traditional adjudication in averting future criminal behavior and in reducing future substance use, at least in the short term. Randomized effectiveness studies of DTCs are scant (3 were identified in the literature on U.S. adult drug courts), and methodological issues develop in combining their findings. These randomized trials failed to demonstrate a consistent effect on rearrest rates for drug-involved offenders participating in DTC versus typical adjudication. The 2 studies examining reconviction and reincarceration, however, demonstrated reductions for the DTC group versus those typically adjudicated.

  1. Observations of reintegrative shaming in a mental health court.

    PubMed

    Ray, Bradley; Dollar, Cindy Brooks; Thames, Kelly M

    2011-01-01

    This study compares the use of stigmatizing and reintegrative shame - as specified in Braithwaite's Crime, shame and reintegration (1989) - across traditional criminal court and mental health court settings. Items from the Global Observational Ratings Instrument were used to gather data on 87 traditional court cases and 91 mental health court cases, presided over by five different judges. The observational items capture three constructs: respect, disapproval, and forgiveness, as they apply to Braithwaite's theory. We present means tests to examine differences in shaming between court types and judges. Findings show that the mental health court is more likely to use reintegrative shaming and show respect and forgiveness for offenders, and less likely to show disapproval. Similarly, judges who preside in both court types are significantly more likely to practice reintegrative shaming in the mental health court context. We further explore these findings using field notes and illustrate those components of a mental health court that are conducive to reintegrative shaming.

  2. Understanding success and nonsuccess in the drug court.

    PubMed

    Fulkerson, Andrew; Keena, Linda D; O'Brien, Erin

    2013-10-01

    The drug court was developed as a response to the ineffectiveness of the traditional criminal justice response to addiction. It has grown from 1 Miami court in 1989 to more than 2,100 drug court programs across the United States in 2011. The drug court has been described as a restorative or community justice intervention that can benefit the offender, direct and indirect victims, and the community as a whole through its combination of treatment, intensive supervision, and regular court appearances. Although the number of qualitative drug court studies has increased in recent years, there are few studies that compare those who successfully complete the drug court program with those who do not complete. This article is a qualitative study of drug court participants in an Arkansas drug court program. The article compares and contrasts the perceptions of those graduated from the program with those who were terminated from the program.

  3. Supreme Court refuses to review clinic access law; Second Appeals Court upholds statute.

    PubMed

    1995-06-30

    On June 19, the US Supreme Court refused to review "Woodall v. Reno," a challenge to the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE) filed in Virginia by an anti-choice individual. FACE prohibits the use of force, threat of force, or physical obstruction to intentionally injure, intimidate, or interfere with anyone providing or obtaining reproductive health services. By denying the petition for "certiorari," the High Court let stand the US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit decision in February. In that ruling, the midlevel federal court affirmed a lower court's dismissal of two of the eight anti-choice lawsuits challenging FACE, "Woodall v. Reno" and "American Life League v. Reno," which were consolidated by the appeals panel. Although plaintiffs in the first case filed a request for review by the High Court within days of the appellate court ruling, plaintiffs in the latter case waited until May to do so. The Department of Justice, which is defending the federal statute, and CRLP and the NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund, who are intervening on behalf of women and health care providers, will file their opposition to the review by July 26. The Justices will then decide to hear the case. On June 23, a three-judge panel for the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit affirmed a lower court's decision to dismiss "Cheffer v. Reno," a facial challenge by Florida anti-choice activists seeking to invalidate FACE. The appeals court had ruled the law did not infringe on First Amendment rights, and the panel rejected the argument that Congress had exceeded its authority under the Commerce Clause of the US Constitution by finding that the measure "protects and regulates commercial enterprises." The appeals court accepted an "amicus" brief filed by CRLP and NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund on behalf of the National Abortion Federation, the National Organization of Women, physicians, and women's health clinics, but denied their request to intervene in the

  4. Court-authorised deprivation of liberty.

    PubMed

    Griffith, Richard

    2015-01-01

    The United Kingdom Supreme Court judgment in Cheshire West and Chester Council v P in 2014 introduced a more inclusive 'acid test' for determining the objective element of a deprivation of liberty in cases concerning people who lack decision-making capacity. The case made clear that adults and young people who lack capacity could be deprived of their liberty in care settings other than hospitals and care homes, including the person's own home. A deprivation of liberty that occurs in a setting other than a hospital or care home must be authorised by a Court. This article explains the revised process for applying for Court authorisation of a deprivation of liberty where it occurs in supported living, Shared Lives placements or the incapable person's own home.

  5. Memory disorders in the law courts.

    PubMed

    Kopelman, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This paper reviews the ways in which memory disorders and memory distortions arise in the criminal courts. Amnesia for offences is considered in terms of automatisms, alcohol, and crimes of passion. False memories arise in false confessions, allegations of false memory for child sexual abuse, and, just occasionally, with respect to delusional memories. More generally, memory and neuropsychiatric disorders may have implications at each stage of the legal process (fitness to plead, the insanity defence, cases of automatism, diminished responsibility, and at sentencing). However, patients with memory and neuropsychiatric disorders remain very vulnerable within legal and court processes. PMID:23492890

  6. Superfund awakes in state supreme courts

    SciTech Connect

    Sutherland, D.

    1998-01-01

    Superfund, often referred to as a sleeping giant, is waking up in state courts with rulings the insurance industry is on the hook for a large share of the nation`s environmental cleanup. While Congress has been quagmired in legislative reauthorization attempts, 40% of the state supreme courts (20 states) have passed laws favoring policyholders of comprehensive general liability insurance (CGL) to be compensated for their cleanup and litigation costs. These rulings vary in terms from state to state, but their collective action is giving the insurance industry grave concerns because of the increase in settlements with CGL policyholders.

  7. Memory disorders in the law courts.

    PubMed

    Kopelman, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This paper reviews the ways in which memory disorders and memory distortions arise in the criminal courts. Amnesia for offences is considered in terms of automatisms, alcohol, and crimes of passion. False memories arise in false confessions, allegations of false memory for child sexual abuse, and, just occasionally, with respect to delusional memories. More generally, memory and neuropsychiatric disorders may have implications at each stage of the legal process (fitness to plead, the insanity defence, cases of automatism, diminished responsibility, and at sentencing). However, patients with memory and neuropsychiatric disorders remain very vulnerable within legal and court processes.

  8. Hanau licenses voided by German state court

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    On July 21, the Higher Administrative Court in the German state of Hesse declared illegal three of the first four partial construction licenses for the plutonium section of the Siemens fuel fabrication complex at Hanau. The licenses were issued in the late 1980s by the former Christian Democrat administration of Hesse, but final licensing of the plant - now 90 percent complete - has been held up by the Social Democrat/Green Party coalition government that is now in power. The court ruling came as a result of four cases, and a so-called urgent application, initiated by antinuclear groups in the area.

  9. Erotized, AIDS-HIV Information in Court: A Study in State Censorship, Cultural Resistance, and First Amendment Issues Affecting Information Delivery in Information Centers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukenbill, W. Bernard

    This study analyzes court records of a county-level trial in Austin, Texas, in which erotized AIDS-HIV safer-sex information shown on a public access cable television program was claimed by the State of Texas to be obscene. This trial raised questions regarding such issues as: free access to information, especially through new technological…

  10. Concordance Between Self-Reported Maltreatment and Court Records of Abuse or Neglect Among High-Risk Youths

    PubMed Central

    Swahn, Monica H.; Whitaker, Daniel J.; Pippen, Courtney B.; Leeb, Rebecca T.; Teplin, Linda A.; Abram, Karen M.; McClelland, Gary M.

    2006-01-01

    Objectives. We examined the concordance between measures of self-reported maltreatment and court records of abuse or neglect in a sample of detained youths. Methods. Data were collected by the Northwestern Juvenile Project and include interviews from 1829 youths aged 10–18 years. Participants were newly detained youths in the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Illinois between 1995 and 1998. Self-reported cases of child maltreatment were compared with court records of abuse or neglect in the Cook County judicial system. Results. We found that among detained youths, 16.6% of those who reported any maltreatment, 22.2% of those who reported the highest level of maltreatment, and 25.1% of those who reported that they required medical treatment as a result of maltreatment had a court record of abuse or neglect. Among those with any self-reported maltreatment, girls (vs boys) and African Americans (vs Whites) were more likely to have a court record (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=2.18; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.53, 3.09; and AOR=2.12; 95% CI=1.23, 3.63, respectively). Conclusions. Official records seriously underestimate the prevalence of maltreatment, which indicates that multiple data sources are needed to document the true prevalence of maltreatment. PMID:17008582

  11. Specialty courts: Who's in and are they working?

    PubMed

    Morgan, Robert D; Mitchell, Sean M; Thoen, Megan A; Campion, Kelsey; Bolaños, Angelea D; Sustaíta, Michael A; Henderson, Steven

    2016-08-01

    The effectiveness of specialty courts has been well established in the literature; however, previous studies have not taken into account referral biases that may exist based on offenders' race, socioeconomic status (SES), attorney status, and so forth. The current study hypothesized that (a) Participants who are racially diverse, of lower SES, and represented by privately retained attorneys would be referred less frequently to specialty courts, and (b) Participants in specialty courts would evidence reductions in missed court appointments and failed urinary analyses (UAs) compared with peers not enrolled in specialty courts. Participants (N = 274) were probationers who were involved in 1 of 3 specialty court programs (i.e., drug, driving while intoxicated [DWI], or reentry courts) or a matched sample of probationers not in specialty court services. Results indicated that, in general and with few exceptions, specialty courts did not have differential referral rates based on offender demographics including race, ethnicity, SES, or attorney status (court appointed vs. privately retained). Results examining the effectiveness of the specialty courts were mixed. Participants in the in-prison treatment program reentry court missed a greater proportion of scheduled court meetings than did their matched sample counterparts; however, the other specialty court programs did not significantly differ from their matched-sample counterparts. Participants in the DWI court had a significantly smaller proportion of UA failures to total UAs than did their matched sample peers; however, the drug court and reentry court programs did not significantly differ from their matched sample counterparts. Implications, future directions, and limitations are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27504644

  12. Does gender matter? Exploring mental health recovery court legal and health outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Kothari, Catherine L; Butkiewicz, Robert; Williams, Emily R; Jacobson, Caron; Morse, Diane S; Cerulli, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    Background Based upon therapeutic justice principles, mental health courts use legal leverage to improve access and compliance to treatment for defendants who are mentally ill. Justice-involved women have a higher prevalence of mental illness than men, and it plays a greater role in their criminal behavior. Despite this, studies examining whether women respond differently than men to mental health courts are lacking. Study goals were to examine gender-related differences in mental health court participation, and in criminal justice, psychiatric and health-related outcomes. Methods This study utilized a quasi-experimental pre-posttest design without a control group. The data were abstracted from administrative records of Kalamazoo Community Mental Health and Substance Abuse agency, the county jail and both county hospitals, 2008 through 2011. Generalized estimating equation regression was used to assess gender-differences in pre-post program outcomes (jail days, psychiatric and medical hospitalization days, emergency department visits) for the 30 women and 63 men with a final mental health court disposition. Results Program-eligible females were more likely than males to become enrolled in mental health court. Otherwise they were similar on all measured program-participation characteristics: treatment compliance, WRAP participation and graduation rate. All participants showed significant reductions in emergency department visits, but women-completers had significantly steeper drops than males: from 6.7 emergency department visits to 1.3 for women, and from 4.1 to 2.4 for men. A similar gender pattern emerged with medical-hospitalization-days: from 2.2 medical hospital days down to 0.1 for women, and from 0.9 days up to 1.8 for men. While women had fewer psychiatric hospitalization days than men regardless of program involvement (2.5 and 4.6, respectively), both genders experienced fewer days after MHRC compared to before. Women and men showed equal gains from

  13. Supreme Court Upholds Religious Liberty: Educational Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mawdsley, Ralph D.; Russo, Charles J.

    1994-01-01

    Reviews a set of Supreme Court rulings that may dramatically alter the landscape of First Amendment jurisprudence: "Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah"; "Jones v. Clear Creek Independent School District"; "Lambs Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District"; and Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District." Discusses…

  14. Supreme Court in Review--1996-97.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gregory, Gwendolyn H.

    1997-01-01

    In 1996 and 1997, the Supreme Court declared five acts of Congress to be unconstitutional. An overview of these decisions is offered in this article. It opens with a discussion of those acts that violated the First Amendment. These decisions dealt with the constitutionality of Arizona's "official English" statute; the Communications Decency Act,…

  15. 78 FR 14017 - Courts of Indian Offenses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-04

    ... American Tribal Governments,'' Executive Order 13175 (59 FR 22951, November 6, 2000), and 512 DM 2, we have... are Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians and the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe. The tribes to be removed from... known as CFR Courts): The Seneca-Cayuga Tribe and the Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians. This...

  16. Court Interpreting: The Anatomy of a Profession.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Jongh, Elena M.

    For both translators and interpreters, language proficiency is only the starting point for professional work. The equivalence of both meaning and style are necessary for faithful translation. The legal interpreter or translator must understand the complex characteristics and style of legal language. Court interpreting is a relatively young…

  17. The Burger Court in Factorial Space.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Thomas A.

    The attitudes of Supreme Court justices toward freedom of the press and ways in which their voting patterns affect the press were investigated in a study involving an examination of 235 nonunanimous decisions (G-cases), 199 nonunanimous civil liberties cases (C-cases), and 23 nonunanimous freedom of the press cases (P-cases) decided by the Burger…

  18. 31 CFR 225.11 - Courts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Courts. 225.11 Section 225.11 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE ACCEPTANCE OF BONDS SECURED BY GOVERNMENT OBLIGATIONS...

  19. 31 CFR 225.11 - Courts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Courts. 225.11 Section 225.11 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE ACCEPTANCE OF BONDS SECURED BY GOVERNMENT OBLIGATIONS...

  20. 31 CFR 225.11 - Courts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Courts. 225.11 Section 225.11 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE ACCEPTANCE OF BONDS SECURED BY GOVERNMENT OBLIGATIONS...

  1. 31 CFR 225.11 - Courts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Courts. 225.11 Section 225.11 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE FISCAL SERVICE ACCEPTANCE OF BONDS SECURED BY GOVERNMENT OBLIGATIONS...

  2. 31 CFR 225.11 - Courts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Courts. 225.11 Section 225.11 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE ACCEPTANCE OF BONDS SECURED BY GOVERNMENT OBLIGATIONS...

  3. Professors' Freedoms under Assault in the Courts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Recent court rulings have challenged the long-held concept of academic freedom for faculty members. As an associate professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, Kevin J. Renken says he felt obliged to speak out about his belief that administrators there were mishandling a National Science Foundation grant to him…

  4. Forecasting Enrollments during Court-Ordered Desegregation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Peter A.

    This paper considers the distinctive issues demographers face when they must forecast enrollments in a context of court-ordered desegregation. Specifically, it examines whether magnet schools strengthen a district's overall attractiveness to enrollees from outside, or whether they only siphon students away from other nonmagnet schools within the…

  5. Evolution, Creationism, and the Courts: 20 Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Randy; Miksch, Karen L.

    2003-01-01

    The teaching of evolution and creationism is controversial to many people in the United States. Knowledge of the many important court-decisions about the teaching of evolution and creationism in the United States can be used not only to resist anti-evolution activities of creationists, but also to help teachers address questions about the teaching…

  6. 27 CFR 71.118 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Court review. 71.118 Section 71.118 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURES AND PRACTICES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS...

  7. Court decision dropping toxic substance rules stands

    SciTech Connect

    Bryant, C.R.

    1993-06-01

    In a somewhat surprising move, the U.S. Department of Labor has decided not to appeal a court decision essentially dropping regulations established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for about 400 hazardous substances. The decision leaves unregulated or subject to reduced standards substances that range from carbon monoxide to perchloroethylene. The Labor Department had until March 22, 1993, to appeal the court decision. On July 8, 1992, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit overturned OSHA's final Air Contaminants Standard, which was promulgated in 1989. The standard established permissible exposure limits (PELs) for 428 toxic substances. In AFL-CIO vs. OSHA, the Court ruled that OSHA failed to make a separate scientific case for evaluating health risks of each chemical. Because of the decision not to appeal, PELs for more than half of the substances regulated by OSHA now are removed from the books or revert to the voluntary industry standards adopted by OSHA in 1970 and in force prior to the 1989 final rule.

  8. Court Decisions and the Social Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Frank M., Jr.

    1975-01-01

    Federal judge discusses role of federal courts in implementing laws concerning welfare of citizens; especially helping delivery of social services in state, mental and penal institutions. Gives various examples of real cases to illustrate his argument. Appeals to people working in social services to do their duty conscientiously. Based on speech…

  9. Avoiding the Court of First Resort.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Dennis Dailey

    1981-01-01

    Many people in our society turn to courts for the resolution of every problem. By delegating to judges the authority to declare our legal rights we diminish our individual and collective liberties. This trend of legalism can have important consequences for school administrators. Rather than resist or evade the law, school officials can obviate…

  10. 42 CFR 405.857 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... provisions of section 205(g) of the Act. The filing procedure is set forth in 20 CFR 422.210. (b) Prohibition... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Court review. 405.857 Section 405.857 Public Health... HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED Appeals Under the Medicare Part B Program § 405.857...

  11. 42 CFR 405.857 - Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... provisions of section 205(g) of the Act. The filing procedure is set forth in 20 CFR 422.210. (b) Prohibition... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Court review. 405.857 Section 405.857 Public Health... HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED Appeals Under the Medicare Part B Program § 405.857...

  12. Swan Song for the Burger Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayman, Robert L., Jr.; Ramarui, Cornelis O.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews a collection of decisions rendered by the Burger Court during its waning months. The decisions involve (1) criminal procedures, (2) racial bias in jury selection, (3) search and seizure, and (4) the exclusion of jurors who have reservations about the death penalty. (JDH)

  13. Sensational Roots: The Police Court Heritage.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francke, Warren

    Part of a broader inquiry into "Investigative Exposure in the Nineteenth Century: The Journalistic Heritage of the Muckrakers," this study traces the evolving reportorial techniques and literary style that gave journalism its form--a form combining strengths and flaws, freedom and inhibitions. Before nineteenth century police court reporting was…

  14. NFHS Court and Field Diagram Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillis, John, Ed.

    This guide contains a comprehensive collection of diagrams and specifications of playing fields and courts used in interscholastic and recreational sports, along with information on how to set up various formats of tournament drawings, how to compute golf handicaps, and how to convert metric-to-English distances. Lists are provided of national…

  15. 78 FR 49120 - Courts of Indian Offenses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-13

    ... with a request for comment at 78 FR 14017. We stated in the interim final rule that we would review any... the interim final rule. Therefore, the interim rule published March 3, 2013, at 78 FR 14017, is... Bureau of Indian Affairs 25 CFR Part 11 RIN 1076-AF16 Courts of Indian Offenses AGENCY: Bureau of...

  16. Repairers must relabel instruments, court rules.

    PubMed

    2002-08-01

    A federal appeals court decided that repair companies must be sure that endoscopic instruments they have worked on, especially those they have drastically altered, must be clearly identified as such. In some cases, that could mean that the original manufacturer's name must be removed, or the repairer's name added to the device's label. PMID:12232895

  17. Higher Education Discrimination and the Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanderWaerdt, Lois

    1981-01-01

    In past cases involving sex or racial discrimination in faculty employment, the courts have imposed less stringent standards on institutions of higher education than on employers in industry or the professions. Recent decisions indicate that stricter judicial requirements are now being extended to colleges and universities. (Author/RW)

  18. Expert scientific evidence in the Israeli court.

    PubMed

    Sahar, A

    2007-06-01

    Most judges, by the very nature of their educational background, are less than sufficiently prepared for the task to fully comprehend the problems in disputes concerning scientific subjects. Judicial cognizance in such matters gives no support. The judge has no recourse but to rely on Expert Evidence. However, such evidence, especially in the adversarial system, requires the ability to evaluate it. Back to square one? Almost. The Israeli court borrowed, and followed for many years, the American solution - the Frye Principle (Frye v. United States, 54 App.D.C. at 47, 293 F. 1013 (1923) 1014) - "the thing from which the deduction is made must be sufficiently established to have gained general acceptance in the particular field in which it belongs " - meaning that an Expert's view is held as true if proven that it had been held by "the scientific community." This solution presented an almost insurmountable problem for novel scientific ideas. The were also exceptions - several Israeli Courts made the rather difficult task of examining the Experts' "working papers", i.e. the "crude" data on which he based his deductions. The model of such effort seems to be the English decision, by Stuart-Smith LJ in Loveday v Renton and Wellcome Foundation Ltd. ( (QBD) 1 Med Law Review, 1990:117). Seventy years after Frye the U.S. Supreme Court reviewed the subject of evaluation of scientific evidence. The new requirements were "... (1) ... whether the theory or technique can be and has been tested; (2) ... whether the theory or technique has been subjected to peer review ... (3) ... the known or potential rate of error of[the] technique; (4) [no requirement of] a particular degree of acceptance of the theory or technique within that [scientific] community, ... and (5) the inquiry is a flexible one, and the focus must be solely on principles and methodology, not on the conclusions that such principles and methodology generate ". Namely - the Judge, guided by intelligence and logic, is

  19. Abortion 1982: the Supreme Court once again.

    PubMed

    Healey, J M

    1982-11-01

    Clearly, abortion in the US continues to be a major medico-legal issue which will not go away. 5 major abortion cases are scheduled for review by the US Supreme Court during its 1982-83 term. Taken together, these 5 cases challenge several of the key conclusions of the Court's review of the abortion question. The primary focus of the cases is the state's power to regulate the abortion decision during the 1st and 2nd trimester of the pregnancy. 2 cases involve ordinances passed by the City of Akron regulating access to abortion in areas such as consent and notification requirements and the location of abortions after the 1st trimester. 2 of the cases involve a Missouri statute also dealing with the requirement that abortions after the 1st trimester be performed in a hospital. The final case involves a Virginia criminal prosecution of a physician accused of violating the state's requirement of in-hospital performance of a 2nd trimester abortion. In the case of Roe v. Wade, the Court had established the "trimester trilogy" governing state regulation of the abortion procedure. For the stage of the pregnancy prior to the end of the 1st trimester, the Court held that the abortion decision and its effectuation must be left to the medical judgment of the pregnant women's attending physician. For the stage of the pregnancy subsequent to the end of the 1st trimester, the Court ruled that the state may promote its interest in the health of the mother by regulating the abortion procedure in ways reasonably related to maternal health. For the stage of pregnancy subsequent to viability, the state may promote its interest in the potentiality of human life by regulation, even prohibiting abortion, except where it is necessary to preserve the mother's life or health. These 5 cases challenge the role of the Court in determining the scope of appropriate state regulation at various stages of the pregnancy. Suffering a loss of prestige in the 10 years since the Roe v. Wade and Doe v

  20. Brief History of Moot Court: Britain and U.S.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rachid, Mohamed; Knerr, Charles R.

    This document presents a history of moot court, defined as a mock court where hypothetical cases are tried for the training of law students. The first recorded reference to a moot court was in the year 997, and moots were common at the Inns of Court and Chancery in 14th century England. In 18th century England there were 4 greater Inns of Court…

  1. Two Models of the Supreme Court in School Politics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Geel, Tyll

    This chapter suggests that a court of review, such as the United State Supreme Court, might follow either of two judicial strategies, based on a model of restraint or a model of activism. Following a discussion of these two models, the author assesses the work of the U.S. Supreme Court during the tenure of Chief Justices Warren and Burger in light…

  2. Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 7: Traffic Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    Volume 7 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) focuses on traffic courts, their purpose and objectives. Federal authority in the area of traffic courts are described. Program development and operations (a study of courts trying traffic cases, a…

  3. Court Interpreters and Translators: Developing Ethical and Professional Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Funston, Richard

    Changing needs in the courtroom have raised questions about the need for standards in court interpreter qualifications. In California, no formal training or familiarity with the legal system is required for certification, which is done entirely by language testing. The fact that often court interpreters are officers of the court may be…

  4. Leading Court Decision Pertinent to Public School Desegregation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.

    This document comprises eight federal court decisions pertinent to public school desegregation: (1) "Brown v. Board of Education," 347 U.S. 483 (1954); Mr. Chief Justice Warren delivered the opinion of the Supreme Court; (2) "Bolling v. Sharpe," 374 U.S. 497 (1954); Mr. Chief Justice Warren delivered the opinion of the Supreme Court; (3) "Brown v.…

  5. Sexual Equality and the Family in the Supreme Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morton, F. L.

    This paper traces and analyzes the development of the Supreme Court's work in the area of sexual equality, with particular emphasis on the family dimension of this issue. The Court is criticized for both the legal and policy inadequacies of its recent decisions. It is argued that the Court has failed to use a consistent, principled standard by…

  6. 5 CFR 1653.3 - Processing retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Processing retirement benefits court orders. 1653.3 Section 1653.3 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  7. 5 CFR 1653.2 - Qualifying retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Qualifying retirement benefits court orders. 1653.2 Section 1653.2 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  8. 5 CFR 1653.2 - Qualifying retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Qualifying retirement benefits court orders. 1653.2 Section 1653.2 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  9. 5 CFR 1653.3 - Processing retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Processing retirement benefits court orders. 1653.3 Section 1653.3 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  10. 5 CFR 1653.2 - Qualifying retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Qualifying retirement benefits court orders. 1653.2 Section 1653.2 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  11. 32 CFR 700.1101 - Demand for court-martial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Demand for court-martial. 700.1101 Section 700... Standards of Conduct § 700.1101 Demand for court-martial. Except as otherwise provided in the Uniform Code of Military Justice, no person in the naval service may demand a court martial either on him...

  12. 5 CFR 1653.2 - Qualifying retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Qualifying retirement benefits court orders. 1653.2 Section 1653.2 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  13. 5 CFR 1653.2 - Qualifying retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Qualifying retirement benefits court orders. 1653.2 Section 1653.2 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  14. 5 CFR 1653.3 - Processing retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Processing retirement benefits court orders. 1653.3 Section 1653.3 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  15. 5 CFR 1653.3 - Processing retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Processing retirement benefits court orders. 1653.3 Section 1653.3 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD COURT ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders §...

  16. 16 CFR 1502.44 - Review by the courts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Review by the courts. 1502.44 Section 1502... REGULATIONS PROCEDURES FOR FORMAL EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Judicial Review § 1502.44 Review by the courts... from a court for a stay of the Commission's action pending judicial review, a participant shall...

  17. 20 CFR 416.1485 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 416.1485... Determinations and Decisions Court Remand Cases § 416.1485 Application of circuit court law. The procedures which follow apply to administrative determinations or decisions on claims involving the application of...

  18. 20 CFR 416.1485 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 416.1485... Determinations and Decisions Court Remand Cases § 416.1485 Application of circuit court law. The procedures which follow apply to administrative determinations or decisions on claims involving the application of...

  19. 20 CFR 404.985 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 404.985... and Decisions Court Remand Cases § 404.985 Application of circuit court law. The procedures which follow apply to administrative determinations or decisions on claims involving the application of...

  20. 20 CFR 404.985 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 404.985... and Decisions Court Remand Cases § 404.985 Application of circuit court law. The procedures which follow apply to administrative determinations or decisions on claims involving the application of...

  1. 20 CFR 404.985 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 404.985... and Decisions Court Remand Cases § 404.985 Application of circuit court law. The procedures which follow apply to administrative determinations or decisions on claims involving the application of...

  2. 20 CFR 416.1485 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 416.1485... Determinations and Decisions Court Remand Cases § 416.1485 Application of circuit court law. The procedures which follow apply to administrative determinations or decisions on claims involving the application of...

  3. Youth Court: A National Movement. Technical Assistance Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nessel, Paula A.

    Youth courts spread rapidly around the country in the 1990s, sharing important goals with law-related education (LRE), including a strong potential to improve the citizenship skills of young people. Youth court is a general term describing courts that involve young people in the sentencing of their peers. This technical bulletin provides an…

  4. High School Food Courts: A New Evolution in Student Dining.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beach, George

    2000-01-01

    Discusses how traditional high school cafeterias have changed in recent years into food courts and dining areas usually found in shopping malls. Areas examined include food court design, traffic patterns, safety and after-hours usage, and kitchens and serving areas. How one school district turned its food court system into a successful…

  5. 20 CFR 404.985 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 404.985... and Decisions Court Remand Cases § 404.985 Application of circuit court law. The procedures which follow apply to administrative determinations or decisions on claims involving the application of...

  6. Abortion foes get turn to ask Supreme Court for constitutional protection.

    PubMed

    Denniston, L

    1994-04-28

    judge's order. Clinic lawyer, Talbot D'Alemberte, president of Florida State University and former president of the American Bar Association, will argue that the issue is about intimidation. The Clinton administration's Solicitor General Drew S. Days III will support Seminole County Circuit Court Judge Robert S. McGregor's decision limiting protester activity.

  7. Abortion foes get turn to ask Supreme Court for constitutional protection.

    PubMed

    Denniston, L

    1994-04-28

    judge's order. Clinic lawyer, Talbot D'Alemberte, president of Florida State University and former president of the American Bar Association, will argue that the issue is about intimidation. The Clinton administration's Solicitor General Drew S. Days III will support Seminole County Circuit Court Judge Robert S. McGregor's decision limiting protester activity. PMID:12287661

  8. Supreme Court decisions on mental health: a review.

    PubMed

    Weiner, B A

    1982-06-01

    Since the late 1960s mental health advocates have filed numerous lawsuits against mental health institutions in an effort to narrow the standards for civil commitment, improve the care of patients, and define patients' rights. While many of the lawsuits were successful in attaining these goals at the district and appellate court levels, review by the Supreme Court generally has resulted in decisions blunting the lower court rulings. The high court has rejected broadly worded lower court decisions on commitment laws, standards of proof in commitment hearings, and patients' rights. The court also has upheld the traditional reliance on decision-making by medical professionals. The author describes a number of these cases and their decisions and concludes that cases now before the Supreme Court very likely will result in decisions that strike a balance between the needs of the patients and those of treatment staff.

  9. Experience with family drug courts in three cities.

    PubMed

    Haack, Mary; Alemi, Farrokh; Nemes, Susanna; Cohen, Jeri B

    2004-12-01

    The purpose of the study was to describe the following components of specialized Family Drug Courts: (1) children under court supervision; (2) parent(s) named in the petition; (3) services provided and court actions taken; and (4) relapse rates. Data were collected from the court records of 65 families in three courts in Florida, Kansas, and New York. Courts differed in type of clients, sanctions used, and length of time required between drug testing. Drug testing frequency varied depending on the parent's recovery and cooperation. Test results indicated a decline in drug use in the first four months and an increased risk for relapse between the 15th and 19th weeks. Specialized Family Drug Courts show promise for an improved way to address child abuse and neglect involving parental substance use. They can also provide a unique clinical training experience for health professionals.

  10. Barriers to addressing substance abuse in domestic violence court.

    PubMed

    Riger, Stephanie; Bennett, Larry W; Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig

    2014-03-01

    Substance abuse commonly co-occurs with intimate partner violence among both perpetrators and survivors. Specialized courts that focus on intimate partner violence provide a unique opportunity to address both problems simultaneously, but research has yet to identify whether this happens. In this qualitative study of a domestic violence court in a large midwestern metropolitan area, key informants were interviewed to understand how the Court treats substance abuse. Results indicate that substance abuse typically is not identified among perpetrators or survivors going through the Court unless it is mentioned in a police report. Barriers to such identification are the organization of the Court, bounded definition of actors' roles in the Court, limited resources, and negative attitudes towards survivors. These results suggest that specialized courts that attend to only one problem may overlook the possibility of addressing issues that commonly co-occur.

  11. The current approach of the courts.

    PubMed

    Skene, Loane

    2014-01-01

    The approach of the courts when considering proprietary ('ownership') interests in human bodily material has been pragmatic and piecemeal. The general principle was initially that such material is not legally 'property' that can be 'owned', but courts have recognised many exceptions. In determining disputes between individuals in particular cases, they have stated principles that are often inconsistent with those stated in other cases with different facts. Later judges have been constrained by these decisions, especially when made at appellate level. They can distinguish the facts of one case from another to achieve a different outcome, but they cannot state new principles to be applied more widely to promote consistency. This requires the will of Parliament and legislation to introduce new principles. Experience to date suggests that such legislation will need to be wide-ranging and complex, with different principles for different circumstances. There will not be one area of law that answers all the issues that arise. PMID:23427217

  12. Court finds implied power to order refunds

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-02-01

    The Oregon Court of Appeals has ruled that the state Public Utility Commission may require refunds of excess revenues collected under temporary rates that are subsequently found illegal, and that such refunds do not violate the rule against retroactive ratemaking. The case involved a 1989 order directing Pacific Northwest Bell Telephone Co. to refund a $10 million over-collection to customers. The Commission had defended its authority to force refunds of interim rates. The appeals court rejected the Commission's rationale, but upheld the refund order. It explained that Pacific Northwest was not entitled to keep excess revenues collected under an interim rate schedule that did not comply with its authorized revenue level. One judge dissented.

  13. Procedural justice and the judge-probationer relationship in a co-occurring disorders court.

    PubMed

    Mahoney, Myesa Knox

    2014-01-01

    Although a considerable amount of research has been conducted on treatment-based courts, there is little quantitative evidence that describes the relationship between the judge and the probationer. The present study examines perceptions of the judge-probationer relationship (JPR), procedural justice, and outcome satisfaction within a co-occurring disorders court (CODC) in Orange County, California. Based on interview and survey data from a sample of probationers within the CODC (n=24), this article argues that perceptions of procedural justice are linked to perceptions of relationship quality between the judge and probationer. Analysis of the data found that probationers in the CODC have very positive views of their relationships with the judge, and elements of relationship quality are significantly linked with perceptions of procedural justice. Procedural justice is also a predictor of satisfaction with outcome in this sample. The results show promise that procedural justice and the quality of the judge-probationer relationship can positively affect probationers with co-occurring disorders in specialty courts.

  14. Home Court Is Where the Heart Is

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Eric

    2009-01-01

    Home-court advantage is considered as the edge that sports teams seem to gain when they play in their own arenas. Exactly why it happens, though, is a long-enduring mystery. It is a long-enduring puzzle that psychologists and coaches are at a loss to explain. Fans who paint their faces, taunt their opponents, and scream their throats raw may think…

  15. Perceived deterrence and outcomes in drug court.

    PubMed

    Marlowe, Douglas B; Festinger, David S; Foltz, Carol; Lee, Patricia A; Patapis, Nicholas S

    2005-01-01

    According to perceived-deterrence theory, the likelihood that an offender will engage in drug use or illegal activity is influenced by the perceived certainty of being detected for infractions or recognized for accomplishments, the perceived certainty of receiving sanctions for infractions or rewards for accomplishments, and the anticipated magnitude of the sanctions and rewards. This study evaluated drug court participants' perceived deterrence at monthly intervals during their enrollment in drug court. Exploratory cluster analysis (N=255) on the longitudinal scores yielded five subtypes of drug offenders characterized either by consistently elevated perceived-deterrence scores, consistently moderate scores, consistently low scores, increasing scores, or decreasing scores. The best outcomes were associated with consistently elevated scores, whereas the worst outcomes were associated with scores that declined over time as the participants became accustomed to the program. The clusters also differed in predicted directions on demographic variables. The correlational design does not permit inferences of causality; however, the results lend credence to perceived deterrence as a potential explanatory mechanism for the effects of drug courts.

  16. Courts and health care rationing: the case of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court.

    PubMed

    Wang, Daniel W L

    2013-01-01

    The recognition that access to health care is a constitutional right in Brazil has resulted in a situation in which citizens denied treatments by the public health care system have brought lawsuits against health authorities, claiming that their right to health was violated. This litigation forces the courts to decide between a patient-centred and a population-centred approach to public health - a choice that forces the courts to assess health care rationing decisions. This article analyses the judgments of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court in right to health cases, arguing that the Court's recent decisions have been contrary to their long-standing stance against rationing. In 2009, the Court organized a public hearing to discuss this topic with civil society and established criteria to determine when rationing would be legal. However, I argue that these criteria for health care rationing do not adequately address the most difficult health care distribution dilemmas. They force the health care system to keep their rationing criteria implicit and make population-centred concerns secondary to individual-centred ones.

  17. Preparing Children for Court: Effects of a Model Court Education Program on Children's Anticipatory Anxiety.

    PubMed

    Nathanson, Rebecca; Saywitz, Karen J

    2015-08-01

    The current study examined whether a pretrial preparation program, consisting of legal knowledge education, stress inoculation training, and a mock trial, is associated with decreased anticipatory anxiety of child witnesses. One hundred and ninety-three 4- to 17-year-olds who were awaiting impending legal proceedings attended Kids' Court School in Las Vegas, NV, one to two weeks before their court appearances. Participants completed a measure of anticipatory court-related anxiety before and after the intervention. As predicted, children's anticipatory anxiety decreased significantly from pretest to posttest. Results demonstrate the promise of a brief, unbiased, standardized program for reducing system-induced stress on child witnesses, while maintaining the integrity of the legal process. This study serves as a springboard to guide future research, practice, policy, and implementation on a larger scale.

  18. Psychiatric Disorders Among Detained Youths: A Comparison of Youths Processed in Juvenile Court and Adult Criminal Court

    PubMed Central

    Washburn, Jason; Teplin, Linda; Voss, Laurie; Simon, Clarissa; Abram, Karen; McClelland, Gary

    2009-01-01

    Objective To compare the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in youths processed in adult criminal court with youths processed in the juvenile court. Methods Participants were a stratified random sample of 1829 youths (10–18 years of age) arrested and detained in Chicago, IL. Data on 1715 youths (13–18 years of age) from version 2.3 of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children are presented, including 1440 youths processed in juvenile court and 275 youths processed in adult criminal court. Results Among youths processed in the adult criminal court, 66% had at least one psychiatric disorder and 43% had two or more types of disorders. Prevalence rates and the number of comorbid types of disorders were not significantly different between youths processed in adult criminal court and those processed in the juvenile court. Among youths processed in adult criminal court, those sentenced to prison had significantly greater odds of having disruptive behavior, substance use, or comorbid affective and anxiety disorders than those receiving a less severe sentence. Males, African Americans, Hispanics, and older youths had greater odds of being processed in adult criminal court than females, non-Hispanic whites, and younger youths, even after controlling for felony-level violent crime. Conclusions Community and correctional systems must be prepared to provide psychiatric services to youths transferred to adult criminal court, and especially to youths sentenced to prison. Psychiatric service providers must also consider the disproportionate representation of racial/ethnic minorities in the transfer process when developing and implementing services. PMID:18757588

  19. Property Assessment by Machine; A Case Study of the Application of Data Processing to Real Estate Assessments in a Kentucky County. Bureau of School Service Bulletin, Vol. 46, No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redman, John C.; Middleton, James W.

    In 1965 the Court of Appeals of Kentucky ruled that all property should be assessed at 100 percent of fair market value. In compliance with the court decision, the county assessors began reassessing properties in January 1966. A great controversy arose over the new assessment procedures and problems. This study evaluates the results of the 1966…

  20. HIV/STI Risk Behavior of Drug Court Participants.

    PubMed

    Robertson, Angela A; St Lawrence, Janet S; McCluskey, D Lee

    2012-07-01

    Drug abusing offenders have high rates of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). To date, the HIV/STI prevention needs of offenders in drug court programs have been ignored. This multi-method study employed interviews to assess drug court professionals' perceptions of the need for an HIV risk reduction intervention to be integrated into the services provided to drug court participants. Then, surveys were completed by 235 drug court participants to assess whether their sexual risk behaviors affirmed the need for such an intervention. The survey also assessed demographic characteristics, drug use prior to program entry, HIV knowledge, and condom attitudes. The relationship between duration in the drug court program and sexual risk behavior was also examined. Implications for the development and delivery of HIV risk reduction interventions within drug court programs are discussed.

  1. Supreme court of Canada's "Beautiful Mind" case.

    PubMed

    Gray, John E; O'Reilly, Richard L

    2009-01-01

    The Supreme Court of Canada's (SCC) first case involving capacity and the refusal of involuntary psychiatric treatment involved a self described "professor" who had been referred to as "Canada's Beautiful Mind". He had been found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for uttering death threats. While considered incapable of making a treatment decision by psychiatrists and a review board, three levels of court, including the SCC, found him to be capable. "Professor" Starson therefore continued to refuse treatment for his psychosis and spent over seven years detained because he refused the treatment required to become well enough to be released. This refusal of treatment is permitted under Ontario law, although it is not permitted in some other Canadian provinces, and in many other countries. This article describes Starson's situation, Ontario's law with respect to consent to treatment and relevant Canadian constitutional and criminal law. It provides an analysis of the Consent and Capacity Board decision and the court appeals. Implications from Starson's case are analyzed in relation to what happened to Starson, human rights and comparative law pertaining to involuntary patients' refusal of treatment, especially their relevance to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and laws in some other countries. Many Canadian and foreign jurisdictions where laws apparently accord with human rights codes do not allow a person to refuse the treatment required to restore their liberty. We conclude that a law that allows a person with a mental illness to be incarcerated indefinitely in a "hospital" because needed psychiatric treatment cannot, by law, be provided is not justifiable in a caring democratic jurisdiction.

  2. Use of court records for supplementing occupational disease surveillance.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, E; Landrigan, P

    1987-11-01

    To conduct surveillance of occupationally related health events, the New Hampshire Division of Public Health Services analyzes death certificates and workers' compensation claims. In an effort to bolster these limited data sources, a previously unrecognized data-set comprised of court records was explored. Court records obtained from the Federal District Court proved to be a readily accessible and detailed source of information for identifying suspected cases of asbestos-related disease and potential sources of asbestos exposure.

  3. Use of court records for supplementing occupational disease surveillance.

    PubMed Central

    Schwartz, E; Landrigan, P

    1987-01-01

    To conduct surveillance of occupationally related health events, the New Hampshire Division of Public Health Services analyzes death certificates and workers' compensation claims. In an effort to bolster these limited data sources, a previously unrecognized data-set comprised of court records was explored. Court records obtained from the Federal District Court proved to be a readily accessible and detailed source of information for identifying suspected cases of asbestos-related disease and potential sources of asbestos exposure. PMID:2959164

  4. Gene splicers square off in patent courts.

    PubMed

    Fox, J L

    1984-05-11

    Staff morale and billions in potential profits are riding on the outcomes of current patent disputes within the biotechnology industry. Fox reports on the participants and products involved in six actions, some over substances that are still being tested. Companies often use these legal contests to gain an edge on the competition; some firms without the resources to wage long court cases will go under or be bought out, while others will be forced to disclose research secrets to defend themselves against charges of patent infringement. Given the nature of the genetic engineering industry, patent battles are expected for years to come. PMID:6200939

  5. Clinton asks court to rule against assisted suicide.

    PubMed

    1996-11-29

    The U.S. Supreme Court has been urged by the Clinton Administration to overturn two appeals court rulings that bar States from enforcing laws that prohibit doctor-assisted suicide. Solicitor General Walter Dellinger asked the court to reverse rulings by the 2nd and 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals blocking New York and Washington States from arresting doctors who hasten the death of patients. In both cases, the plaintiff included people with AIDS and their caregivers. President Clinton previously stated that he opposes euthanasia. AIDS policy advocates generally support legalizing assisted suicide and were disappointed in the administration's involvement in these cases.

  6. A second Federal Court rejects ban on assisted suicide.

    PubMed

    1996-04-19

    The Second U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals overturned a state law that makes physician-assisted suicide illegal in New York, Connecticut, Vermont, and Puerto Rico. The ruling is much narrower than the Ninth Circuit Court's decision, which struck down a Washington state law banning assisted suicide. The attorney generals in both New York and Washington plan to appeal these rulings to the U.S. Supreme Court. Two of the three terminally ill plaintiffs in the Second Circuit Court's jurisdiction had AIDS. PMID:11363293

  7. Jaffee v. Redmond: making the courts a tool of injustice?

    PubMed

    Chan, K W

    1997-01-01

    In July, 1996, the United States Supreme Court held in Jaffee v. Redmond that statements made to a psychotherapist are privileged communications in a federal action. Prior to Jaffee, the federal courts were not in agreement as to whether this privilege existed. The majority found strong public and private interests that were furthered by recognition of the privilege. The minority, however, reasoned that the "occasional injustices" due to the exclusion of evidence made the courts a tool of injustice. Although the privilege is now recognized in federal courts, its contours and exceptions remain to be decided on a case by case basis.

  8. The future of the juvenile court: promising new directions.

    PubMed

    Edwards, L P

    1996-01-01

    The juvenile court of the future will be a viable, but changed, institution largely because of society's need to hold parents accountable for their children's well-being and youths accountable for their actions. The author describes three current trends in juvenile court which will continue to impact the court in the future. First, more jurisdictions will refine and streamline their court structures, either through better coordination or by creating unified family courts. This will result in better handling and supervision of multiple cases involving the same family. Second, the use of a wide variety of alternative dispute resolution techniques will grow, and the court will assume a monitoring and oversight function over these mediated agreements. Third, private and voluntary efforts will be utilized to assist the court in providing services to children and families, as well as to mobilize community-wide efforts on behalf of children. Ideally, the juvenile court of the future will place itself squarely in the community and work with others concerned about the well-being of children and families to provide an appropriate and meaningful response to each child who comes within the court's purview. PMID:9117359

  9. Court overturns ruling on housing of homeless with HIV.

    PubMed

    1996-09-01

    The New York Court of Appeals struck down a lower court finding that New York City's shelter program for the homeless with HIV failed to promise minimum protection against tuberculosis (TB). A class action led by [name removed] claimed that people who do not fit the Federal definition of AIDS are placed in a segregated, dormitory-like area of city shelters. They share common eating and bathroom facilities. The Supreme Court's Appellate Division concluded that this arrangement was improper because it failed to protect people with HIV against the danger of contracting TB. The Court of Appeals unanimously reversed the decision. PMID:11363779

  10. Youth Courts and Their Educational Value: An Examination of Youth Courts in Chester, Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Michael H.; Gold, Eva; Peralta, Renata

    2013-01-01

    The Stoneleigh Foundation of Philadelphia has historically focused its strategic investments on improving outcomes for youth involved or at risk of involvement in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems. Stoneleigh began its support for youth courts by providing a fellowship award from 2009 to 2011 to public interest lawyer Gregory Volz to…

  11. The Court Impact Scale: a tool for evaluating IPV victims' experience in court.

    PubMed

    Cattaneo, Lauren Bennett; Dunn, Jessica L; Chapman, Aliya R

    2013-03-01

    The court system is a central part of the societal response to intimate partner violence (IPV), and is a frequently used source of help for victims. The concept of therapeutic jurisprudence suggests that the court should be evaluated not just for its potential effect on recidivism, but for its impact on the well-being of all those who participate in it, and IPV scholars suggest that empowerment is a key component of any therapeutic intervention for victims. Research in these areas is limited by the lack of a standard method for examining victim experience in the court system. This article describes the development and piloting of a 23-item measure designed to address this gap. The pilot sample included 157 victims of IPV seeking civil protection orders (CPOs). Exploratory factor analysis yielded 5 factors: Negative Impact, Positive Impact, Fear, Validation, and Network Impact. Validation was most strongly correlated with global satisfaction with the court process. Implications and applications for work in therapeutic jurisprudence and empowerment are discussed.

  12. The Warren Court and the Public Schools. An Analysis of Landmark Supreme Court Decisions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudgins, H. C., Jr.

    This book offers a coordinated coverage of decisions relating to education rendered by the U.S. Supreme Court during the tenure of Chief Justice Earl Warren. Each case related to a particular topic is analyzed, and the case findings on the more specific aspects of the issues involved are coordinated. Issues covered are religion, segregation, and…

  13. Court outcomes for clients referred to a community mental health court liaison service.

    PubMed

    Sly, Ketrina A; Sharples, John; Lewin, Terry J; Bench, Christopher J

    2009-01-01

    Court liaison and diversion services come in a variety of forms, but the similarities and differences between these services are not well characterized. Findings from a six-year audit of the Newcastle (Australia) Mental Health Court Liaison (MHCL) service are reported, including client characteristics, offence and service contact profiles, court outcomes, and interrelationships among these variables. During the audit period, there were 2383 service episodes by 1858 clients (1478 males, 380 females). Drug and alcohol disorders (40.9%) and psychotic disorders (17.0%) were the most prevalent mental health problems, while assault (23.1%), theft (23.1%), offences against justice procedures (15.4%), driving offences (13.4%) and malicious damage to property (8.3%) were the most frequently recorded charges. Among service episodes with a finalized court outcome, 70.0% involved a punishment (bond: 49.5%; jail term: 29.7%). Females were less likely to be punished, but more likely to have their case dismissed under sections of the relevant Act that required further assessment and monitoring. Being married, or having an adjustment or drug and alcohol disorder, were also associated with an increased likelihood of punishment, while clients with a psychotic or bipolar disorder were less likely to be punished. Among clients who were punished, those referred from inpatient mental health services were more likely to receive a non-jail punishment, while unemployed clients were more likely to be jailed. A substantial proportion of clients had court outcomes that required an ongoing involvement with local mental health services. By being part of community mental health services, our MHCL service is able to work efficiently and effectively with the criminal justice system, while facilitating ready access to existing mental health services and continuation of care.

  14. 25 CFR 11.200 - What is the composition of the Court of Indian Offenses?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What is the composition of the Court of Indian Offenses... COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Courts of Indian Offenses; Personnel; Administration § 11.200 What is the composition of the Court of Indian Offenses? (a) Each court shall be composed of...

  15. 25 CFR 11.202 - How is a magistrate of the Court of Indian Offenses removed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How is a magistrate of the Court of Indian Offenses... COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Courts of Indian Offenses; Personnel; Administration § 11.202 How is a magistrate of the Court of Indian Offenses removed? Any magistrate of a Court...

  16. 25 CFR 11.202 - How is a magistrate of the Court of Indian Offenses removed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true How is a magistrate of the Court of Indian Offenses... COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Courts of Indian Offenses; Personnel; Administration § 11.202 How is a magistrate of the Court of Indian Offenses removed? Any magistrate of a Court...

  17. Money Matters: Cost-Effectiveness of Juvenile Drug Court with and without Evidence-Based Treatments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheidow, Ashli J.; Jayawardhana, Jayani; Bradford, W. David; Henggeler, Scott W.; Shapiro, Steven B.

    2012-01-01

    The 12-month cost-effectiveness of juvenile drug court and evidence-based treatments within court were compared with traditional Family Court for 128 substance-abusing/dependent juvenile offenders participating in a 4-condition randomized trial. Intervention conditions included Family Court with community services (FC), Drug Court with community…

  18. 25 CFR 11.200 - What is the composition of the Court of Indian Offenses?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What is the composition of the Court of Indian Offenses... COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Courts of Indian Offenses; Personnel; Administration § 11.200 What is the composition of the Court of Indian Offenses? (a) Each court shall be composed of...

  19. Obamacare's (3) Day(s) in Court.

    PubMed

    Moncrieff, Abigail R

    2012-06-01

    Before the oral arguments in late March, the vast majority of legal scholars felt confident that the Supreme Court of the United States would uphold the individual mandate against the constitutional challenge that 26 states have levied against it. Since the oral arguments, that confidence has been severely shaken. This article asks why legal scholars were so confident before the argument and what has made us so concerned since the argument. The article posits that certain fundamental characteristics of health insurance, particularly its unusual role in steering health-care consumption decisions, which distinguishes health insurance from standard kinds of indemnity insurance, should make the constitutional question easy, but the Obama Administration's legal team was understandably hesitant to highlight those unique characteristics in its arguments. Because the Supreme Court justices seemed not to understand the uniqueness of health insurance without the government's help and because the justices seemed unusually willing to adopt a new constitutional constraint in this case, the individual mandate appears to be in far greater jeopardy than we legal scholars anticipated.

  20. South African court rejects country's new constitution.

    PubMed

    1996-09-20

    Fundamental principles designed to ensure that South Africa's new constitution upholds a wide range of individual rights and freedoms and establishes a responsive government with a balanced separation of powers, including recognition of the role of traditional tribal leadership, were adopted into the current interim constitution shortly before the 1994 free elections which brought Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress to power. In a judgement issued on September 6, 1996, South Africa's Constitutional Court rejected the country's new draft constitution, arguing that it failed to meet the standards of nine of the 34 principles established at the Kempton Park negotiations. The Constitutional Assembly is comprised of a joint meeting of the National Assembly and Senate. One of the court's major objections to the constitution concerned the proposed structure of rule, which was seen to give inadequate power to South Africa's nine provinces as compared with the national government. However, the bill of rights was almost entirely upheld. The bill would create a favorable environment for legalized abortion and guarantee a universal right of access to health care, including reproductive health services

  1. Indian Supreme Court demands cleaner blood supply.

    PubMed

    Kumar, S

    1996-01-13

    The government of India recently admitted in parliament that 25% of the country's blood banks remain unlicensed. The Supreme Court has directed the government to establish a National Council for Blood Transfusion in an attempt to curb malpractice, malfunctioning, and corruption in the national blood banking system, and to ensure a safe blood supply. Furthermore, the Court advised the government to enact separate legislation for regulating the collection, processing, storage, distribution, and transportation of blood and the operation of blood banks. Legal action will be taken if any blood banks remain ill equipped or unlicensed after the period of one year. Agencies have been directed to take steps to eliminate professional blood selling within two years. They have also been asked to ensure that there are trained drug inspectors to check upon the banks. To boost funding for the councils, the government has been advised to allow 100% exemption upon income tax to those who donate money to the organizations. The Director General of Health Services has been asked to submit a report on action taken by July 16, 1996, to ensure compliance.

  2. Why Will Students Take You to Court?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delon, Floyd G.

    Directed at school officials, this paper describes selected civil cases filed against schools since 1976. Cases concerning handicapped students constitute most of such cases; those cited deal with discipline (S-1 v. Turlington) and appropriate residential placement (Hine v. Pitt County Board of Education) of a handicapped child. Discipline cases…

  3. Supreme Court Holds That Contagious Diseases Are Handicaps.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flygare, Thomas J.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a complex case involving termination of a third-grade teacher with recurrent tuberculosis. The United States Supreme Court upheld a circuit court's ruling that the teacher's condition satisfied section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act protecting handicapped persons against discrimination. Since contagiousness was not addressed, the…

  4. High Court's TB Ruling Probably Applies to AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sendor, Benjamin

    1987-01-01

    Discusses a United States Supreme Court decision upholding Section 504 protection for an elementary school teacher fired due to recurrent tuberculosis. The school board may need to make reasonable accommodation for employees handicapped by contagious diseases. The Court might also interpret Section 504 as covering AIDS carriers. (MLH)

  5. The Equal Protection Clause, School Integration, and the Burger Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Frank

    The history of cases before the United States Supreme Court in which minorities have sought relief from discriminatory state laws under the "equal protection clause" of the Fourteenth Amendment (and the "due process clause" of the Fifth Amendment for federal action) suggests that court action in this area has changed over time. Not only has court…

  6. The Federalization of Libel by Two Supreme Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, F. Dennis

    A study examined the quantity and quality of libel decisions of the Warren and Burger Supreme Courts to determine how changes in libel law came about, how individual justices voted on libel compared to other issues of freedom of expression, and how permanent constitutional libel rules will be as the more conservative Rehnquist Supreme Court takes…

  7. High Court Upholds State's Bar on Aid to Theology Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrie, Caroline

    2004-01-01

    This article reports the 7-2 ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court upholding a Washington state scholarship program that denies aid to theology majors. Disappointing proponents of tuition aid for students in religious schools, the court held that Washington state was well within its rights to exclude students' training for the ministry from its Promise…

  8. 28 CFR 513.33 - Production of records in court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Production of records in court. 513.33 Section 513.33 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION ACCESS TO RECORDS Release of Information General Provisions and Procedures § 513.33 Production of records in court. Bureau records...

  9. What They Learn in Court: Student Observations of Legal Proceedings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callaghan, Elizabeth

    2005-01-01

    Court ethnography assignments provide a wonderful way to teach observation skills in an unfamiliar legal setting. Most people obtain their knowledge of legal proceedings from television or movies and students are no exception. But teachers can teach students to closely examine court process and legal behavior in a sophisticated way by assigning…

  10. Individual Factors Predicting Mental Health Court Diversion Outcome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verhaaff, Ashley; Scott, Hannah

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study examined which individual factors predict mental health court diversion outcome among a sample of persons with mental illness participating in a postcharge diversion program. Method: The study employed secondary analysis of existing program records for 419 persons with mental illness in a court diversion program. Results:…

  11. Volunteer Programs in Courts: Collected Papers on Productive Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.

    This publication is designed to provide court systems with a manual that presents collected papers detailing major program areas in utilizing volunteers. This manual is in a line of development which tries to establish a how-to-do-it body of special knowledge for courts. This body of knowledge has been built up by 8 years of experience in…

  12. Establishment Clause Case Reveals Flaws in the Court System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flygare, Thomas J.

    1986-01-01

    Blasts the supreme court of Washington State for its inappropriate treatment of Larry Witters, a legally blind student denied state vocational rehabilitation funds because his intended Bible studies program supposedly violated the First Amendment's establishment clause. Even a United States Supreme Court reversal failed to end Witter's…

  13. 22 CFR 19.6-4 - Date of court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Department if it is issued more than 12 months after the divorce becomes final. A court order adjusting the... order issued within 12 months after a divorce becomes final directing payment of a pension to a former... month in which the divorce becomes final if so specified by the court. In such event, the...

  14. 22 CFR 19.6 - Court orders and divorce decrees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Court orders and divorce decrees. 19.6 Section 19.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL BENEFITS FOR SPOUSES AND FORMER SPOUSES OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.6 Court orders and divorce decrees....

  15. 22 CFR 19.6-1 - Orders by a court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... between a participant and a former spouse, and pursuant to any court decree of divorce, legal separation... decree of divorce, legal separation, or annulment, that any payment from the Fund which would otherwise... this section even though a divorce decree issued by such court may be a basis for pro rata...

  16. We the Students: Supreme Court Cases for and about Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raskin, Jamin B.

    This casebook intends to show young people that their rights, their way of life, and indeed sometimes their very life, can depend on one remarkable document, the Constitution of the United States. The casebook is about the United States Constitution and how the Supreme Court and lower courts have interpreted it to govern the lives of U.S. public…

  17. Miami Drug Court Gives Drug Defendants a Second Chance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Peter; Newlyn, Andrea K.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the Diversion and Drug Treatment program, known as "Drug Court," in Miami (Florida) in which nonviolent drug offenders have prosecution of their cases deferred while they participate in a court-ordered drug-rehabilitation program. Those who successfully complete the program have their cases dismissed. Whereas typical recidivism rates for…

  18. Free Expression: The First Five Years of the Rehnquist Court.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, F. Dennis

    1992-01-01

    States that, during its first five years, the Rehnquist Court was supportive of free expression issues. Contends that in later years a different picture emerges. Asserts that this drop in support, caused by the retirement of justices carried over from the Berger Court, gives rise to concerns about the future of free expression rights. (PRA)

  19. 38 CFR 3.214 - Court decisions; unremarried surviving spouses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...; unremarried surviving spouses. 3.214 Section 3.214 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF... Requirements § 3.214 Court decisions; unremarried surviving spouses. Effective July 15, 1958, a decision rendered by a Federal court in an action to which the United States was a party holding that a...

  20. Robust camera calibration for sport videos using court models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farin, Dirk; Krabbe, Susanne; de With, Peter H. N.; Effelsberg, Wolfgang

    2003-12-01

    We propose an automatic camera calibration algorithm for court sports. The obtained camera calibration parameters are required for applications that need to convert positions in the video frame to real-world coordinates or vice versa. Our algorithm uses a model of the arrangement of court lines for calibration. Since the court model can be specified by the user, the algorithm can be applied to a variety of different sports. The algorithm starts with a model initialization step which locates the court in the image without any user assistance or a-priori knowledge about the most probable position. Image pixels are classified as court line pixels if they pass several tests including color and local texture constraints. A Hough transform is applied to extract line elements, forming a set of court line candidates. The subsequent combinatorial search establishes correspondences between lines in the input image and lines from the court model. For the succeeding input frames, an abbreviated calibration algorithm is used, which predicts the camera parameters for the new image and optimizes the parameters using a gradient-descent algorithm. We have conducted experiments on a variety of sport videos (tennis, volleyball, and goal area sequences of soccer games). Video scenes with considerable difficulties were selected to test the robustness of the algorithm. Results show that the algorithm is very robust to occlusions, partial court views, bad lighting conditions, or shadows.

  1. Smells Like Teen Spirit: Evaluating a Midwestern Teen Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norris, Michael; Twill, Sarah; Kim, Chigon

    2011-01-01

    Teen courts have grown rapidly in the United States despite little evidence of their effectiveness. A survival analysis of 635 teen court and 186 regular diversion participants showed no significant differences in recidivism, although program completers were half as likely to reoffend as noncompleters. Older offenders survived significantly better…

  2. 22 CFR 19.6-4 - Date of court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Department if it is issued more than 12 months after the divorce becomes final. A court order adjusting the... order issued within 12 months after a divorce becomes final directing payment of a pension to a former... month in which the divorce becomes final if so specified by the court. In such event, the...

  3. 22 CFR 19.6 - Court orders and divorce decrees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Court orders and divorce decrees. 19.6 Section 19.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL BENEFITS FOR SPOUSES AND FORMER SPOUSES OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.6 Court orders and divorce decrees....

  4. 22 CFR 19.6-4 - Date of court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Department if it is issued more than 12 months after the divorce becomes final. A court order adjusting the... order issued within 12 months after a divorce becomes final directing payment of a pension to a former... month in which the divorce becomes final if so specified by the court. In such event, the...

  5. 22 CFR 19.6 - Court orders and divorce decrees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Court orders and divorce decrees. 19.6 Section 19.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL BENEFITS FOR SPOUSES AND FORMER SPOUSES OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.6 Court orders and divorce decrees....

  6. 22 CFR 19.6 - Court orders and divorce decrees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Court orders and divorce decrees. 19.6 Section 19.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL BENEFITS FOR SPOUSES AND FORMER SPOUSES OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.6 Court orders and divorce decrees....

  7. 22 CFR 19.6-1 - Orders by a court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... between a participant and a former spouse, and pursuant to any court decree of divorce, legal separation... decree of divorce, legal separation, or annulment, that any payment from the Fund which would otherwise... this section even though a divorce decree issued by such court may be a basis for pro rata...

  8. 22 CFR 19.6-4 - Date of court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Department if it is issued more than 12 months after the divorce becomes final. A court order adjusting the... order issued within 12 months after a divorce becomes final directing payment of a pension to a former... month in which the divorce becomes final if so specified by the court. In such event, the...

  9. 22 CFR 19.6 - Court orders and divorce decrees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Court orders and divorce decrees. 19.6 Section 19.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PERSONNEL BENEFITS FOR SPOUSES AND FORMER SPOUSES OF PARTICIPANTS IN THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM § 19.6 Court orders and divorce decrees....

  10. 22 CFR 19.6-4 - Date of court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Department if it is issued more than 12 months after the divorce becomes final. A court order adjusting the... order issued within 12 months after a divorce becomes final directing payment of a pension to a former... month in which the divorce becomes final if so specified by the court. In such event, the...

  11. 22 CFR 19.6-1 - Orders by a court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... between a participant and a former spouse, and pursuant to any court decree of divorce, legal separation... decree of divorce, legal separation, or annulment, that any payment from the Fund which would otherwise... this section even though a divorce decree issued by such court may be a basis for pro rata...

  12. 22 CFR 19.6-1 - Orders by a court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... between a participant and a former spouse, and pursuant to any court decree of divorce, legal separation... decree of divorce, legal separation, or annulment, that any payment from the Fund which would otherwise... this section even though a divorce decree issued by such court may be a basis for pro rata...

  13. 22 CFR 19.6-1 - Orders by a court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... between a participant and a former spouse, and pursuant to any court decree of divorce, legal separation... decree of divorce, legal separation, or annulment, that any payment from the Fund which would otherwise... this section even though a divorce decree issued by such court may be a basis for pro rata...

  14. 26 CFR 1.6015-7 - Tax Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Tax Court review. 1.6015-7 Section 1.6015-7 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax Returns Or Statements § 1.6015-7 Tax Court review. (a) In...

  15. 26 CFR 1.6015-7 - Tax Court review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Tax Court review. 1.6015-7 Section 1.6015-7 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax Returns Or Statements § 1.6015-7 Tax Court review. (a) In...

  16. HIV/STI Risk Behavior of Drug Court Participants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Angela A.; St. Lawrence, Janet S.; McCluskey, D. Lee

    2012-01-01

    Drug abusing offenders have high rates of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). To date, the HIV/STI prevention needs of offenders in drug court programs have been ignored. This multi-method study employed interviews to assess drug court professionals' perceptions of the need for an HIV risk reduction intervention to be integrated…

  17. Employment and Training for Court-Involved Youth. Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Home Builders Inst., Washington, DC.

    This report contains a compendium of the opinions and concerns of a task force that researched current conditions that affect court-involved youth and identifies the most promising strategies for connecting court-involved youth to the labor market. The report includes three introductory chapters, four chapters related to task force discussion…

  18. K-12 Implications Seen in Some Cases before High Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Arizona's variation on government vouchers for religious schools and California's prohibition on the sale of violent video games to minors present the top two cases with implications for education in the U.S. Supreme Court term that formally begins Oct. 4. New Justice Elena Kagan brings to the court extensive education policy experience as a…

  19. 77 FR 64853 - Manual for Courts-Martial; Proposed Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ...The Department of Defense is proposing changes to the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States (2012 ed.) (MCM). The proposed changes concern the rules of procedure and evidence and the punitive articles applicable in trials by courts-martial. These proposed changes have not been coordinated within the Department of Defense under DoD Directive 5500.1, ``Preparation, Processing and Coordinating......

  20. Perceived Masculinity Predicts U.S. Supreme Court Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies suggest a significant role of language in the court room, yet none has identified a definitive correlation between vocal characteristics and court outcomes. This paper demonstrates that voice-based snap judgments based solely on the introductory sentence of lawyers arguing in front of the Supreme Court of the United States predict outcomes in the Court. In this study, participants rated the opening statement of male advocates arguing before the Supreme Court between 1998 and 2012 in terms of masculinity, attractiveness, confidence, intelligence, trustworthiness, and aggressiveness. We found significant correlation between vocal characteristics and court outcomes and the correlation is specific to perceived masculinity even when judgment of masculinity is based only on less than three seconds of exposure to a lawyer’s speech sample. Specifically, male advocates are more likely to win when they are perceived as less masculine. No other personality dimension predicts court outcomes. While this study does not aim to establish any causal connections, our findings suggest that vocal characteristics may be relevant in even as solemn a setting as the Supreme Court of the United States. PMID:27737008

  1. Symptoms of depression and successful drug court completion.

    PubMed

    Mendoza, Natasha S; Trinidad, Jonathan R; Nochajski, Thomas H; Farrell, Mark C

    2013-12-01

    The majority of drug abusing offenders who need substance abuse treatment do not receive it. Although interventions like drug court increase the probability of offender success, little is known about how co-occurring psychological symptoms impact drug court treatment outcomes. Based on previous research, we hypothesized that co-occurring psychological symptoms would have a significant relationship with successful drug court completion. Using a sample of suburban drug court enrollees (n = 122), multivariate logistic regression was conducted with successful drug court completion as the outcome variable. Predictor variables included symptom counts of depression, post-traumatic stress, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, psychosis, generalized anxiety, and social phobia. Results indicated that participants with fewer symptoms of depression were more likely to successfully complete drug court than participants with more symptoms. The present study extends previous research by demonstrating that symptoms of depression are related to poorer outcomes for drug court enrollees. Accordingly, drug courts need to address participants' symptoms of depression to maximize success.

  2. Domestic Violence and Dependency Courts: The "Greenbook" Demonstration Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, Neena M.; Silverman, Jerry; Wang, Kathleen; Janczewski, Colleen

    2008-01-01

    This field study reports on a cross-site evaluation of dependency courts in communities receiving federal funding to implement the "Greenbook" initiative, a multisite demonstration for community improvement of coordinated responses to families victimized by domestic violence and child maltreatment. This article focuses on the dependency court,…

  3. 19 CFR 162.49 - Forfeiture by court decree.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Forfeiture by court decree. 162.49 Section 162.49... court decree. (a) Report to the U.S. attorney or the Department of Justice if the penalty was assessed... claimant desires to file a bond for the release of seized property which is the subject of a...

  4. Abused and Neglected Children in Court: Knowledge and Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Block, Stephanie D.; Oran, Howard; Oran, Diane; Baumrind, Nikki; Goodman, Gail S.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: After maltreated children are taken into protective custody, dependency courts determine the children's placements. Many, if not most, maltreated children never attend their dependency court hearings. We had the rare opportunity to interview children in a jurisdiction where children regularly attend their detention hearings in…

  5. Court chaplaincy and spiritual care in australia: an exploratory study.

    PubMed

    Carey, Lindsay B

    2015-06-01

    This paper summarizes an exploratory study undertaken to consider the work of Australian chaplaincy personnel ministering to people proceeding through emotionally challenging judicial court proceedings. This qualitative research (a first among Australian court chaplains) was not concerned with specific court procedures per se, but predominantly about the perspectives of chaplains concerning their professional contribution and issues they experienced while trying to assist people struggling with court processes. Data from a single focus group indicated that court chaplains were striving to fulfill religious and spiritual duties according to national and international standards. Given various frustrations identified by chaplain participants, which either impeded or thwarted their professional role as chaplains, a number of improvements were subsequently identified in order to develop the efficiency and effectiveness of court chaplaincy and thus maximize the benefits of spiritual and pastoral care to people in court. Implications of this exploratory study relate not only to court chaplaincy but also to ecclesiastical organizations, governments and the need of support for further research to be conducted.

  6. 20 CFR 405.515 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 405.515 Section 405.515 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Judicial Review § 405.515 Application of circuit court law. We...

  7. 20 CFR 405.515 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 405.515 Section 405.515 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Judicial Review § 405.515 Application of circuit court law. We...

  8. 20 CFR 405.515 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 405.515 Section 405.515 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Judicial Review § 405.515 Application of circuit court law. We...

  9. 21 CFR 10.60 - Referral by court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... applies when a Federal, State, or local court holds in abeyance, or refers to the Commissioner, any matter... promptly agree or decline to accept a court referral. Whenever feasible in light of agency priorities and resources, the Commissioner shall agree to accept a referral and shall proceed to determine the...

  10. 21 CFR 10.60 - Referral by court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... applies when a Federal, State, or local court holds in abeyance, or refers to the Commissioner, any matter... promptly agree or decline to accept a court referral. Whenever feasible in light of agency priorities and resources, the Commissioner shall agree to accept a referral and shall proceed to determine the...

  11. 21 CFR 10.60 - Referral by court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... applies when a Federal, State, or local court holds in abeyance, or refers to the Commissioner, any matter... promptly agree or decline to accept a court referral. Whenever feasible in light of agency priorities and resources, the Commissioner shall agree to accept a referral and shall proceed to determine the...

  12. Saskatchewan Court of Appeal: marriage commissioners cannot discriminate.

    PubMed

    Petersen, Cynthia; Davies, Christine

    2011-04-01

    The Saskatchewan Court of Appeal has ruled that proposed legislation allowing marriage commissioners to refuse to solemnize same-sex marriages based on religious objections would violate the equality rights of gays and lesbians under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Charter). The Court expressed its opinion in a Reference involving proposed amendments to the Marriage Act.

  13. 21 CFR 10.60 - Referral by court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Referral by court. 10.60 Section 10.60 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES General Administrative Procedures § 10.60 Referral by court. (a) This...

  14. Equal Justice Under Law: The Supreme Court in American Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrell, Mary Ann

    The document describes the establishment, development, procedures, and some landmark cases of the U.S. Supreme Court. The objective is to explore the history of the court and to explain its role in the American system of government. The booklet is presented in four chapters. The first chapter, entitled "A Heritage of Law," offers judicial…

  15. How Will the U.S. Supreme Court Decide?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Joseph E.

    2002-01-01

    The U.S. Supreme Court is less visible to students than either Congress or the president. The Court's rulings on cases, however, are as influential on everyday life and on the political system as any bill passed by Congress or signed into law by the president. "Brown v. Board of Education," "Roe v. Wade," and "Bush v. Gore" testify to that…

  16. Matching Judicial Supervision to Clients' Risk Status in Drug Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marlowe, Douglas B.; Festinger, David S.; Lee, Patricia A.; Dugosh, Karen L.; Benasutti, Kathleen M.

    2006-01-01

    This article reports outcomes from a program of experimental research evaluating the risk principle in drug courts. Prior studies revealed that participants who were high risk and had (a) antisocial personality disorder or (b) a prior history of drug abuse treatment performed better in drug court when scheduled to attend biweekly judicial status…

  17. Supreme Court declines to hear California clinic injunction challenge.

    PubMed

    1997-03-21

    On March 17, the United States Supreme Court refused to review "Williams v. Planned Parenthood Shasta-Diablo," a case which challenges a California state court order that requires anti-abortion protestors to remain across the street from a Vallejo clinic. The case first reached the High Court in October 1994, after the California Supreme Court upheld the injunction, and was sent back because of a decision four months earlier in "Madsen v. Women's Health Center," which found that an injunction creating a 36-foot buffer zone around a Florida clinic was constitutional. In July 1995, the California High Court again ruled in favor of the order. Justices Clarence Thomas, Anthony Kennedy, and Antonin Scalia dissented, stating that the Supreme Court should have accepted the case and reversed the state court's decision. Judge Scalia, basing his judgement on a portion of "Madsen" which describes a 300-foot "no-approach" zone around the Florida clinic as an unacceptable restriction on free expression, insisted that the evidence failed to show that the Vallejo protesters were obstructive enough to warrant government interference. Preventing stress and anxiety in patients, a central consideration for the California courts, was not a sufficient reason.

  18. 5 CFR 1653.3 - Processing retirement benefits court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., a court order must be written in English or be accompanied by a certified English translation and... ORDERS AND LEGAL PROCESSES AFFECTING THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN ACCOUNTS Retirement Benefits Court Orders § 1653... terminated, and the account will be unfrozen, if both parties submit to the TSP a written request for such...

  19. 20 CFR 405.515 - Application of circuit court law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 405.515 Section 405.515 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Judicial Review § 405.515 Application of circuit court law. We...

  20. USTC & TBA Guidelines for Tennis Court & Running Track Construction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United States Tennis Court & Track Builders Association.

    Guidelines are presented on tennis court and track and field construction that reflect the latest developments in construction technology, methodology, and practice. Based on contributions from experienced certified tennis court and track builders, material suppliers and design professionals, this manual examines each of the critical areas of…

  1. Educational Beliefs of Supreme Court Justices in the 1980s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyman, Ronald T.

    The educational beliefs of Supreme Court Justices in the 1980s are examined, i.e., the explicitly stated beliefs, rather than any inferred beliefs based on legal decisions. In particular, the focus is on beliefs expressed only in the major Court opinions rendered in the 1980s. Issues discussed include the definition of education, its relation to…

  2. Basic Business and Economics: Are You Teaching about Small Claims Courts?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tichenor, Scott

    1980-01-01

    The basics of small claims courts are explained, along with teaching strategies for teaching about small claims courts. These include teacher presentations, guest speakers, class trips to small claims courts, and mock hearings held by students. (CT)

  3. "Shelby County v. Holder": What It Means for the Voting Rights Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwinn, Steven D.

    2013-01-01

    This summer, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in "Shelby County v. Holder" that Congress had exceeded its Fifteenth Amendment enforcement authority when it reauthorized a part of the Voting Rights Act (a coverage formula) that forced places with a history of discrimination to get federal approval before making changes to their election laws.…

  4. 77 FR 10617 - CSX Transportation, Inc.-Abandonment Exemption-in Vermillion County, IL.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ... Surface Transportation Board CSX Transportation, Inc.--Abandonment Exemption--in Vermillion County, IL... either is pending with the Surface Transportation Board (Board) or with any U.S. District Court or has... requests for public use conditions under 49 CFR 1152.28 must be filed by March 13, 2012, with the...

  5. Court upholds law allowing testing of rape defendants.

    PubMed

    1996-05-17

    The Appellate Division of a New Jersey Superior Court ruled that two statutes allowing sexual assault victims to require their assailants to undergo HIV-antibody testing are constitutional. This decision marks the first time the Fourth Amendment has been addressed by a New Jersey appeals court. In 1995, three teenage boys sexually assaulted a 10-year-old mentally retarded girl. Her guardians moved to have the boys tested for HIV. Superior Court Judge, Jose L. Fuentes, initially concluded that such testing would constitute an intrusion on the defendants' search and seizure rights without reassuring the victim of her own HIV status. The three-judge panel of the New Jersey Appeals Court overturned the decision, explaining that the victim's rights outweigh the assailants' right to Fourth Amendment protection. Courts in California, Illinois, and Washington have upheld mandatory testing in cases of criminal assault. PMID:11363467

  6. MYRIAD VOICES AGAINST GENE PATENTS IN THE HIGH COURT.

    PubMed

    McCallum, Lucas; Faunce, Thomas

    2015-12-01

    The Australian High Court's recent landmark decision in D'Arcy v Myriad Genetics Inc overturned the decision by the Federal Court in Cancer Voices Australia v Myriad Genetics Inc regarding patenting of genetic material. The Federal Court had found that isolated DNA and RNA can constitute a patentable invention under s 18(1)(a) of the Patents Act 1990 (Cth). The decision by the High Court unanimously reversed this and declared it was appropriate to look to the policy implications at the heart of the legal question: are genes a category of things that can be patented? This column critically examines the implications of the High Court decision for both research and public health in Australia.

  7. Enrollment in mental health courts: voluntariness, knowingness, and adjudicative competence.

    PubMed

    Redlich, Allison D; Hoover, Steven; Summers, Alicia; Steadman, Henry J

    2010-04-01

    Mental health courts (MHCs) are rapidly expanding as a form of diversion from jails and prisons for persons with mental illness charged with crimes. Although intended to be voluntary, little is known about this aspect of the courts. We examined perceptions of voluntariness, and levels of knowingness and legal competence among 200 newly enrolled clients of MHCs at two courts. Although most clients claimed to have chosen to enroll, at the same time, most claimed not to have been told the court was voluntary or told of the requirements prior to entering. The majority knew the "basics" of the courts, but fewer knew more nuanced information. A minority also were found to have impairments in legal competence. Implications are discussed.

  8. Ontario court affirms that medical marijuana regulations are unconstitutional.

    PubMed

    Cruess, Gordon

    2003-12-01

    On 7 October 2003, the Ontario Court of Appeal upheld the Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision in Hitzig, which found that the Marihuana Medical Access Regulations (MMAR) represented an unconstitutional barrier to accessing a legal supply of marijuana for persons with a recognized medical need. The Court of Appeal tailored its remedial order by striking down the second specialist test required for certain applicants, and eliminating the unconstitutional eligibility and supply provisions, rather than declaring unconstitutional the entire MMAR as the lower court had done. The court's declaration was made effective immediately, in order to maintain the prohibition for non-medicinal possession of marijuana under section 4 of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA), and to constitutionalize the medical exemption for marijuana possession created under the MMAR. PMID:15108659

  9. "I did what?" Zolpidem and the courts.

    PubMed

    Daley, Christopher; McNiel, Dale E; Binder, Renée L

    2011-01-01

    Zolpidem is a widely prescribed nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic medication available in the United States since 1992. Attention has been drawn recently to its potential to cause sleep-related, complex behaviors such as sleepwalking and sleep driving. These automatic behaviors have led to a deluge of legal claims. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first review in the forensic literature of the legal ramifications of zolpidem. In this article, the medical literature will be reviewed to explore the current understanding of zolpidem's specific psychopharmacology. Case law will be explored to determine how the courts have handled the claims surrounding sleep-related, complex behaviors alleged to be caused by zolpidem. Finally, a summary of recommendations will be provided for forensic psychiatrists who are asked to be experts in these cases. PMID:22159981

  10. Ethanol mandate thrown out by appeals court

    SciTech Connect

    Begley, R.

    1995-05-10

    In a victory for the oil industry, a federal appeals court has overturned EPA`s mandate for ethanol use in reformulated gasoline (REG), saying the agency lacks authority to require 30% of the oxygenate market be reserved for ethanol. EPA says the ruling does not prevent ethanols use in RFG - {open_quotes}It only says that EPA cannot dictate the recipe.{close_quotes} Charles DiBona, president of the American Petroleum Institute (API), says {open_quotes}API and its member companies are not opposed to the use of ethanol as an oxygenate. We oppose this illegal mandate.{close_quotes} Urvan Sternfels, president of the National Petroleum Refiners Association, says, {open_quotes}Mandating market shares for any product is unsound economic policy.{close_quotes} The two trade groups led the legal battle against the ethanol requirement.

  11. Courts' misplaced confidence in psychiatric diagnoses.

    PubMed

    Mellsop, Graham W; Fraser, Debra; Tapsell, Rees; Menkes, David B

    2011-01-01

    In considering psychiatric evidence, criminal justice systems make considerable use of labels from official psychiatric classificatory systems. There are legislated requirements for psychological and/or behavioural phenomena to be addressed in legal tests, however medico-legal use of the current categorical diagnostic frameworks which are increasingly complex is difficult to justify. The lack of validity in large domains of the present classificatory systems is now more openly acknowledged, prompting a critical rethink. Illustrative examples include post-traumatic stress disorder, various personality disorders, and dissociative identity disorder. It follows that the Courts' faith in the present categorical classifications (e.g., DSMIV and ICD10) is misplaced and may be ultimately unhelpful to the administration of justice.

  12. The mating dance in cleanup recoveries: How to court responsible parties and in what court to do it

    SciTech Connect

    Meyer, G.A.

    1996-12-31

    CERCLA is not the only grounds for recovery in environmental contamination cases. Common law and RCRA claims are attractive, especially when petroleum contamination is at issue. Attention is focused on the following: threshold decisions (litigate or negotiate); forum issues (federal or state court); claims in state court; and different types of damages and recovery.

  13. 45 CFR 303.73 - Applications to use the courts of the United States to enforce court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applications to use the courts of the United States to enforce court orders. 303.73 Section 303.73 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  14. DRAFT LANDSAT DATA MOSAIC: MONTGOMERY COUNTY, TEXAS; HARRIS COUNTY, TEXAS; FORT BEND COUNTY, TEXAS; BRAZORIA COUNTY, TEXAS; GALVESTON COUNTY, TEXAS

    EPA Science Inventory

    This is a draft Landsat Data Mosaic, which contains remote sensing information for Montgomery County, Texas Harris County, Texas Fort Bend County, Texas Brazoria County, Texas Galveston County, and Texas Imagery dates on the following dates: October 6, 1999 and September 29, 200...

  15. Examining the Relationships between Family Drug Court Program Compliance and Child Welfare Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Child, Holly; McIntyre, Dara

    2015-01-01

    Although the evidence is accumulating to substantiate the successes of Family Drug Courts (FDC), there is little research on the relationship between parent compliance and successful reunification of children with their parent(s). This study looked at data from 206 families participating in a FDC in Sacramento County, California. Four compliance measures were examined individually and collectively, after controlling for participant characteristics, using logistic regression models to determine how FDC participation benchmarks impact child reunification. This study found the best predictors of reunification was participation in support group meetings and negative tests for substance use. These findings indicate that initiatives designed to address the needs of families affected by child maltreatment and substance use should take into account and support engagement in informal, community-based activities as well as formal, clinically focused interventions. PMID:26827465

  16. Examining the Relationships between Family Drug Court Program Compliance and Child Welfare Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Child, Holly; McIntyre, Dara

    2015-01-01

    Although the evidence is accumulating to substantiate the successes of Family Drug Courts (FDC), there is little research on the relationship between parent compliance and successful reunification of children with their parent(s). This study looked at data from 206 families participating in a FDC in Sacramento County, California. Four compliance measures were examined individually and collectively, after controlling for participant characteristics, using logistic regression models to determine how FDC participation benchmarks impact child reunification. This study found the best predictors of reunification was participation in support group meetings and negative tests for substance use. These findings indicate that initiatives designed to address the needs of families affected by child maltreatment and substance use should take into account and support engagement in informal, community-based activities as well as formal, clinically focused interventions.

  17. Federal court rules on Hyde Amendment in Michigan case.

    PubMed

    1994-07-22

    In a ruling issued on July 18 (1994), the US District Court for the Western District of Michigan found that the state's near ban on abortion coverage under Medicaid violates federal law because it is more restrictive than the current version of the federal Hyde Amendment. Chief Judge Benjamin F. Gibson ordered Michigan to cover abortions in cases of rape and incest, even though a 1988 law adopted by a voter initiative and upheld in 1992 by the state Supreme Court prohibits public funding except in cases of life endangerment. Last October, Congress approved the fiscal year 1994 Medicaid budget and slightly expanded abortion coverage to include funding for abortions in cases of rape and incest, as well as life endangerment. Summit Medical Center v. Smith, a CRLP lawsuit that was consolidated with Planned Parenthood v. Engler, was the second case this year in which a federal court ruled on state obligations under current Medicaid law. In early May, in a similar CRLP case, US District Court Judge Edward Nottingham enjoined enforcement of an amendment to the Colorado Constitution on the same grounds (see RFN III/9). On June 1, a trial court judge ordered Montana to comply with the Hyde Amendment in an CRLP suit; a federal district court in Montana came to the same conclusion on June 20 in a case filed by Planned Parenthood. CRLP suits in federal court against states for non-compliance are still pending in Arkansas, Louisiana, North Dakota, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania.

  18. Public Health and Law Collaboration: The Philadelphia Lead Court Study

    PubMed Central

    Gracely, Ed; Pan, Sarah; Cummings, Curtis; Palermo, Peter; Gould, George

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. We determined whether Philadelphia Lead Court is effective in enforcing lead hazard remediation in the homes of children with elevated blood lead levels. Methods. We created a deidentified data set for properties with an initial failed home inspection (IFHI) for lead hazards from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2008, and compared compliance rates within the first year and time to compliance for lead hazard remediation between 1998 and 2002 (precourt period) and between 2003 and 2008 (court period). We evaluated predictors of time to compliance. Results. Within 1 year of the IFHI, 6.6% of the precourt and 76.8% of the court cases achieved compliance (P < .001) for the 3764 homes with data. Four years after the IFHI, 18% had attained compliance in the precourt period compared with 83.1% for the court period (P < .001). A proportional hazard analysis found that compliance was 8 times more likely in the court than the precourt period (P < .001). Conclusions. Lead court was more effective than precourt enforcement strategies. Most properties were remediated within 1 year of the IFHI, and time to compliance was significantly reduced. This model court could be replicated in other cities with similar enforcement problems. PMID:23678927

  19. The Supreme Court, the commerce clause, and natural resources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matthews, Olen Paul

    1988-07-01

    The Supreme Court's interpretation of the commerce clause controls the balance of power between state and federal governments in the United States. An understanding of the relationship between the different government levels is essential for resource managers concerned with resource and environmental issues. This study examines selected Supreme Court decisions between 1976 and 1988 to answer three questions raised by the commerce clause: (1) Is the regulated item an article of commerce? (2) Do state laws burden interstate commerce? (3) Is federal commerce regulation limited? The balance of power among the justices and the commerce clause theories affecting the federal role in resource management are also examined. Since ratification of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has continuously increased federal power, but states have power to act independently as long as contradictory federal laws do not exist and state law does not impermissively affect commerce. If Congress regulates an individual's use of resources, their power is unquestioned. Future Court decisions will not significantly reduce the federal role in resource management even if the Court's membership changes. Even the supporters of states' rights on the Court realize increased federal power is a necessary part of the country's evolution. The purpose of the commerce clause is to create a national economic unit with free location principles. The Court supports this purpose today and will in the future.

  20. An Analysis of Sanctions and Respective Psychiatric Diagnoses in Veterans' Court.

    PubMed

    Johnson, R Scott; Graham, David P; Sikes, Kristi; Nelsen, Andrea; Stolar, Andrea

    2015-06-01

    This descriptive analysis is an examination of the extent to which a veteran's mental health diagnosis or the initial criminal charge committed before program enrollment relate to a greater propensity for sanctions, harsher sanctions, higher rates of relapse on substances, or overall program compliance. This is a retrospective descriptive analysis that focuses on those participants in the Harris County (Texas) Veterans' Court Program from June 2010 through April 2012 for whom the court had issued sanctions. The most clinically relevant association (p = .014) was found between veterans with substance use relapse and subsequent discharge from the program. Furthermore, the following four infractions were associated with a subsequent jail sanction: unexcused absence (p = .014), failure to complete a task (p = .010), substance use relapse (p = .001), and missing a hearing (p = .012). Given these findings, veterans with relapses in substance use during the course of the program are at greatest risk of noncompletion of the program and may represent a subpopulation of veterans who require greater or different types of assistance.

  1. Statistical Mechanics of the US Supreme Court

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Edward D.; Broedersz, Chase P.; Bialek, William

    2015-07-01

    We build simple models for the distribution of voting patterns in a group, using the Supreme Court of the United States as an example. The maximum entropy model consistent with the observed pairwise correlations among justices' votes, an Ising spin glass, agrees quantitatively with the data. While all correlations (perhaps surprisingly) are positive, the effective pairwise interactions in the spin glass model have both signs, recovering the intuition that ideologically opposite justices negatively influence each another. Despite the competing interactions, a strong tendency toward unanimity emerges from the model, organizing the voting patterns in a relatively simple "energy landscape." Besides unanimity, other energy minima in this landscape, or maxima in probability, correspond to prototypical voting states, such as the ideological split or a tightly correlated, conservative core. The model correctly predicts the correlation of justices with the majority and gives us a measure of their influence on the majority decision. These results suggest that simple models, grounded in statistical physics, can capture essential features of collective decision making quantitatively, even in a complex political context.

  2. Green justice: The environment and the courts

    SciTech Connect

    Hoban, T.M.; Brooks, R.O.

    1987-01-01

    This book introduces the interrelationship of the legal system and the environment. Students are confronted with key environmental law cases and asked to determine for themselves how the cases should have been decided. Broad questions are raised: What is the capacity of the courts to make fair judgments in cases involving complex scientific issues. Does the adversarial system on which our legal system is based, work at all when the issues involve multiple points of view. The authors' liberal arts approach leads to a wide spectrum of related topics: the history of the common law, the political science of administrative agencies, the philosophy of new rights for nonhumans, our obligation to future generations, and the ecology of species extinction. The struggle to spell out answers to questions such as the constitutional right to a decent environment and the placing of nature in public trust is revealed in the judicial opinions that form the centerpiece of this text. Explanatory introductions make the cases intelligible to beginners, and the accompanying study questions help both faculty and students link the cases to broader issues and to the relevant literature. The text is appropriate for under-graduate courses in environmental law and environmental policy, as well as for nonlaw graduate courses in planning or public administration.

  3. Your business in court: 2009-2010.

    PubMed

    Reiss, John B; Hall, Christopher R; Wartman, Gregory J

    2011-01-01

    During this period, FDA focused considerable effort on its transparency initiative, which is likely to continue into the coming year, as well as continuing to ramp up its enforcement activities, as we predicted last year. The scope of the agency's ability to pre-empt state laws in product liability litigation involving pharmaceutical products still is developing post-Levine, and we are likely to see new decisions in the coming year. Fraud and abuse enforcement still is a major factor facing the industry, with the added threat of personal exposure to criminal sentences, fines and debarment from participation in federal and state programs under the Responsible Corporate Officer doctrine, or under the authorities exercised by the Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General. Consequently, it is increasingly important that senior corporate officers ensure active oversight of an effective compliance program which should mitigate these risks. The Federal Trade Commission continues to battle consumer fraud, particularly respecting weight loss programs, and it appears to be fighting a losing battle in its effort to prevent "reverse" payments to generic manufacturers by Innovator Manufacturers to delay the introduction of generics to the market. The Securities and Exchange Commission continues to be actively enforcing the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. The Supreme Court gave shareholders more leeway in bringing stockholder suits in situations where a company conceals information that, if revealed, could have a negative effect on stock prices.

  4. Statistical Mechanics of US Supreme Court

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Edward; Broedersz, Chase; Bialek, William; Biophysics Theory Group Team

    2014-03-01

    We build simple models for the distribution of voting patterns in a group, using the Supreme Court of the United States as an example. The least structured, or maximum entropy, model that is consistent with the observed pairwise correlations among justices' votes is equivalent to an Ising spin glass. While all correlations (perhaps surprisingly) are positive, the effective pairwise interactions in the spin glass model have both signs, recovering some of our intuition that justices on opposite sides of the ideological spectrum should have a negative influence on one another. Despite the competing interactions, a strong tendency toward unanimity emerges from the model, and this agrees quantitatively with the data. The model shows that voting patterns are organized in a relatively simple ``energy landscape,'' correctly predicts the extent to which each justice is correlated with the majority, and gives us a measure of the influence that justices exert on one another. These results suggest that simple models, grounded in statistical physics, can capture essential features of collective decision making quantitatively, even in a complex political context. Funded by National Science Foundation Grants PHY-0957573 and CCF-0939370, WM Keck Foundation, Lewis-Sigler Fellowship, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, and Winston Foundation.

  5. Your business in court: 2009-2010.

    PubMed

    Reiss, John B; Hall, Christopher R; Wartman, Gregory J

    2011-01-01

    During this period, FDA focused considerable effort on its transparency initiative, which is likely to continue into the coming year, as well as continuing to ramp up its enforcement activities, as we predicted last year. The scope of the agency's ability to pre-empt state laws in product liability litigation involving pharmaceutical products still is developing post-Levine, and we are likely to see new decisions in the coming year. Fraud and abuse enforcement still is a major factor facing the industry, with the added threat of personal exposure to criminal sentences, fines and debarment from participation in federal and state programs under the Responsible Corporate Officer doctrine, or under the authorities exercised by the Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General. Consequently, it is increasingly important that senior corporate officers ensure active oversight of an effective compliance program which should mitigate these risks. The Federal Trade Commission continues to battle consumer fraud, particularly respecting weight loss programs, and it appears to be fighting a losing battle in its effort to prevent "reverse" payments to generic manufacturers by Innovator Manufacturers to delay the introduction of generics to the market. The Securities and Exchange Commission continues to be actively enforcing the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. The Supreme Court gave shareholders more leeway in bringing stockholder suits in situations where a company conceals information that, if revealed, could have a negative effect on stock prices. PMID:24505838

  6. The Supreme Court, liberty, and abortion.

    PubMed

    Annas, G J

    1992-08-27

    While the issue of abortion has fueled a great deal of personal and political debate and controversy in the US, few have actually read the Supreme Court's rulings on Roe v. Wade and Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, which are central to the debate. This essay summarizes both rulings, examines the difference between the 2, and discusses implications for medical practice. Casey is important to states, physicians, and patients. Of central import is the ruling's restriction against states to outlaw abortion before viability. Other measures are, however, included which will complicate record keeping and securing consent. Restrictions against and/or steps required by the physician practicing abortion may also spread to apply to other medical procedures. The essay considers the future of Roe v. Wade. Whether or not a Freedom of Choice Act is ultimately passed in Congress, abortion will continue to divide large segments of the American population. Anti-abortionists will continue to attempt to overthrow women's right of free choice to abortion.

  7. Victims' voices and victims' choices in three IPV courts.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Kristin L

    2015-01-01

    Critics of mandatory interventions for intimate partner violence (IPV) propose that the justice system disempowers victims by denying them voice and choice in legal proceedings. This exploratory study examines this claim through observations of three criminal courts. Findings show that victims are offered voice and a degree of choice in only one of the three courts. Court procedures that enhance victim voice and choice include a specialized IPV court, victim advocates trained in victims' rights issues, and a lead judge who models respectful treatment of victims. The author proposes that voice and choice are distinct aspects of victim empowerment and that the provision of voice may have benefits to IPV victims that are distinct from the benefits of choice.

  8. 75 FR 41279 - Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts AGENCY: United States Sentencing Commission. ACTION.... ADDRESSES: Send comments to: United States Sentencing Commission, One Columbus Circle, NE., Suite...

  9. 76 FR 38460 - Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts AGENCY: United States Sentencing Commission. ACTION... the Practitioners Advisory Group are expiring as of October 2011, the United States...

  10. The Supreme Court Smorgasbord of Educational Policy Choices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menacker, Julius

    1982-01-01

    Reviews U.S. Supreme Court decisions on the relationship of church and religion to public education and on due process in student discipline and control. Points out the diversity of judicial principles and positions established by these decisions. (RW)

  11. The New 2001-2002 Term. Supreme Court Roundup.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Charles F.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the issues addressed during the 2001-2002 term of the U.S. Supreme Court, which convened on October 1, 2001: (1) school vouchers; (2) affirmative action; (3) online pornography; and (4) the death penalty. (CMK)

  12. The Courts and the Child. Who Speaks for Youth?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sch Libr J, 1970

    1970-01-01

    Excerpts from the Supreme Court decision in Tinker vs. Des Moines Independent School District, protecting pupils' rights under the First and Fourteenth Amendments to express their political views peacefully. The implications for freedom of selection in libraries are noted. (JS)

  13. US Supreme Court decisions, expert testimony, and implant dentistry.

    PubMed

    Flanagan, Dennis

    2002-01-01

    There have been 3 US Supreme Court decisions in the last 8 years that have established new rules of admissibility of expert witness testimony. These will have great bearing on the practice of oral implantology now and in the future.

  14. 5 CFR 838.134 - Receipt of multiple court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) When the court orders relate to two or more individuals (former spouses or child abuse creditors), the..., separated spouse, or child abuse creditor the one issued last will be honored. (b)(1) Except as provided...

  15. 77 FR 31071 - Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts AGENCY: United States Sentencing Commission. ACTION.... ADDRESSES: Send applications to: United States Sentencing Commission, One Columbus Circle NE., Suite...

  16. 77 FR 31070 - Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts AGENCY: United States Sentencing Commission. ACTION... the Practitioners Advisory Group are expiring as of October 2012, the United States...

  17. 78 FR 36641 - Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts AGENCY: United States Sentencing Commission. ACTION... the Practitioners Advisory Group are expiring as of October 2013, the United States...

  18. 5 CFR 838.134 - Receipt of multiple court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...) When the court orders relate to two or more individuals (former spouses or child abuse creditors), the..., separated spouse, or child abuse creditor the one issued last will be honored. (b)(1) Except as provided...

  19. 5 CFR 838.134 - Receipt of multiple court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...) When the court orders relate to two or more individuals (former spouses or child abuse creditors), the..., separated spouse, or child abuse creditor the one issued last will be honored. (b)(1) Except as provided...

  20. 5 CFR 838.134 - Receipt of multiple court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...) When the court orders relate to two or more individuals (former spouses or child abuse creditors), the..., separated spouse, or child abuse creditor the one issued last will be honored. (b)(1) Except as provided...

  1. 5 CFR 838.134 - Receipt of multiple court orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) When the court orders relate to two or more individuals (former spouses or child abuse creditors), the..., separated spouse, or child abuse creditor the one issued last will be honored. (b)(1) Except as provided...

  2. Will the Supreme Court finally eliminate ERISA preemption?

    PubMed

    Trueman, David L

    2004-01-01

    David Trueman's article reviews the history of ERISA preemption by analyzing seminal Supreme Court cases and predicts the future of ERISA preemption in his analysis of recent federal case law. Traditionally, the ability to hold a managed care entity responsible for its actions has been hampered by a strict interpretation of the preemption clauses of ERISA but as the Supreme Court's jurisprudence has evolved and loosened, several federal courts have allowed suits against managed care companies to go forward. Conflict among the federal circuits has arisen and the Supreme Court has granted certiorari to two cases from Texas in order to clarify ERISA preemption. Mr. Trueman discusses the future of ERISA preemption in light of these decisions.

  3. High court says exposure without consent is a crime.

    PubMed

    1998-09-18

    The Canadian Supreme Court held that HIV-positive people can be subjected to criminal prosecution for exposing their sex partners to HIV, if the sex partners did not know that the other was HIV-positive. The partner does not need to become infected to establish the existence of significant risk. Based on this conclusion, the Supreme Court of Canada granted a new trial of [name removed] on two counts of aggravated assault. [Name removed] had originally been acquitted of the charges by a trial court. The Supreme Court also suggested that if the use of a condom is shown to reduce the risk of infection, then a defendant may argue that it is not necessary to disclose a person's HIV status when condoms are used.

  4. The 1990-91 Term of the Supreme Court and Its Impact on Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatel, David; Brannan, Patricia A.

    1992-01-01

    This bulletin reviews the 1990-91 term of the U.S. Supreme Court in terms of its impact on public schools, finding that the Court tended to decline to review decisions by lower courts that gave school districts discretion to resolve questions of student and employee rights. Court opinions that were handed down are discussed, and the impact of…

  5. 5 CFR 838.236 - Court orders barring payment of annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Court orders barring payment of annuities... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Procedures for Processing Court Orders Affecting Employee Annuities Payment Procedures § 838.236 Court orders barring payment...

  6. The Effectiveness of Idaho DUI and Misdemeanor/DUI Courts: Outcome Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ronan, Scott M.; Collins, Peter A.; Rosky, Jeffrey W.

    2009-01-01

    As DUI Courts continue to expand through the United States, research needs to match the growth to inform administrators and the public on the effectiveness of these courts. The current study found that participation in a DUI or Misdemeanor/DUI Drug Court (23%) reduced recidivism compared to a comparison group (37%) with court filing records that…

  7. 25 CFR 11.907 - Transfer to Court of Indian Offenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Transfer to Court of Indian Offenses. 11.907 Section 11.907 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Children's Court § 11.907 Transfer to Court of Indian Offenses. (a)...

  8. 19 CFR 175.31 - Publication of notice of court decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Publication of notice of court decision. 175.31...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PETITIONS BY DOMESTIC INTERESTED PARTIES Procedure Following Court Decision § 175.31 Publication of notice of court decision. Notice of a decision of the Court...

  9. 25 CFR 11.201 - How are magistrates for the Court of Indian Offenses appointed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true How are magistrates for the Court of Indian Offenses... COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Courts of Indian Offenses; Personnel; Administration § 11.201 How are magistrates for the Court of Indian Offenses appointed? (a) Each magistrate shall...

  10. 5 CFR 838.1010 - Court orders or decrees preventing payment of lump sums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Court orders or decrees preventing... (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1010 Court orders or decrees preventing payment of...

  11. Defendants with Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health Diagnoses: Faring in a Mental Health Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, M. M.; Griggs, M.; Dykens, E. M.; Hodapp, R. M.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Begun in the late 1990s, mental health courts are specialty criminal courts developed to address the needs of persons with mental illness. Methods: As many persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) may overlap in the mental health court system, we used mental health court records to examine the phenomenology and outcomes of 224…

  12. Balancing Act: The Adaptation of Traditional Judicial Roles in Reentry Court

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Caitlin J.

    2012-01-01

    While research has confirmed their role adaptation and importance in reducing recidivism in drug courts, little research has documented the role of the judge in reentry courts. Based on interviews with participants and the workgroup, court observations, and a document analysis, this study revealed that judges in a federal reentry court program…

  13. 5 CFR 838.236 - Court orders barring payment of annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Court orders barring payment of annuities... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Procedures for Processing Court Orders Affecting Employee Annuities Payment Procedures § 838.236 Court orders barring payment...

  14. 5 CFR 838.1010 - Court orders or decrees preventing payment of lump sums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Court orders or decrees preventing... (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1010 Court orders or decrees preventing payment of...

  15. 25 CFR 11.201 - How are magistrates for the Court of Indian Offenses appointed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How are magistrates for the Court of Indian Offenses... COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Courts of Indian Offenses; Personnel; Administration § 11.201 How are magistrates for the Court of Indian Offenses appointed? (a) Each magistrate shall...

  16. 5 CFR 838.1010 - Court orders or decrees preventing payment of lump sums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Court orders or decrees preventing... (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Affecting Civil Service Retirement Benefits § 838.1010 Court orders or decrees preventing payment of...

  17. 25 CFR 11.209 - How does the Court of Indian Offenses dispose of fines?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How does the Court of Indian Offenses dispose of fines... COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Courts of Indian Offenses; Personnel; Administration § 11.209 How does the Court of Indian Offenses dispose of fines? All money fines imposed for...

  18. 5 CFR 838.236 - Court orders barring payment of annuities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Court orders barring payment of annuities... SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Procedures for Processing Court Orders Affecting Employee Annuities Payment Procedures § 838.236 Court orders barring payment...

  19. The Timing and Accumulation of Judicial Sanctions among Drug Court Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McRee, Nick; Drapela, Laurie A.

    2012-01-01

    Judicial sanctions are used by drug courts to encourage clients to comply with program requirements. However, few studies have explored the application of sanctions in drug courts or the relationship between sanctions and drug court graduation. This article reports the results of a study of sanctions as applied in a drug court in southwest…

  20. From the Bench -- Juvenile Courts: How and Why They Have Changed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Nuys, Heather; Blitzman, Jay; Hibbler, William; Wakefield, Dana

    2000-01-01

    Offers four judges' perspectives on the various changes in the juvenile court system focusing on the increased violence among juveniles as having the greatest effect on the courts; includes issues such as juveniles being tried in adult courts, the need to improve juvenile courts, and the role of public interest. (CMK)

  1. Indian Courts and the Future. Report of the NAICJA Long Range Planning Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National American Indian Court Judges Association.

    In 1976 the National American Indian Court Judges Association was awarded a one year contract to study Indian court systems, identify their main strengths and weaknesses, develop a set of model standards, name four model courts with whom to test the model standards, and propose a five year plan of support for Indian courts. Written materials…

  2. How to Read a U.S. Supreme Court Opinion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middleton, Tiffany

    2013-01-01

    Reading U.S. Supreme Court opinions can be intimidating. Yet, in the digital age, it has never been easier to access them. The average opinion is about 4,750 words, and is one of approximately 75 issued by the Court each year. It might be reassuring to know that opinions contain similar parts and tend to follow a similar format. There are also…

  3. Violence or discipline? Working with multicultural court-ordered clients.

    PubMed

    Waldman, F

    1999-10-01

    Therapists working with court-ordered clients from cultures differing from the mainstream face challenging issues of compulsory therapy in the context of cultural diversity. This article reviews the literature on court-ordered and multicultural counseling, highlighting central elements of both. It then suggests guidelines that blend these elements. The author illustrates how using these guidelines can enable therapists to engage these clients in the therapeutic process and focus on culture as the context for change. PMID:10553563

  4. Hydrology and Ecology Go to Court

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wise, W. R.; Crisman, T. L.

    2009-04-01

    The authors were involved in a high profile case in the United States District Court involving Lake Okeechobee and the Everglades Agricultural Area in the State of Florida. One of the central issues of the case rested on a theory that all navigable waters of the United States comprised one "unitary" water body, and as such, transfer of water from one navigable water to another did not require any permitting action. Should this theory have prevailed, great precedent would be set regarding inter-basin transfer of volumes of water capable of significantly impact to the ecologic structure and function of all involved basins. Furthermore, the impact would certainly have had demographic implications of great significance. We were asked to serve as an expert witnesses in the case charged with developing a strategy to demonstrate that three large irrigation canals were "meaningfully hydrologically distinct" (language from the U.S. Supreme Court opinion on a related case) from Lake Okeechobee, the second largest freshwater lake wholly in the continental U.S. Although a totally hydrologic approach could have been taken easily, it was thought better for the legal team to include an aquatic ecologic perspective, a true example of the linkage of the two disciplines into ecohydrology. Together, an argument was crafted to explain to the judge how, in fact, the waters could in no way be "unitary" in character and that they were "meaningfully hydrologically distinct." The fundamentals of the arguments rested on well known and established principles of physics, chemistry, and biology. It was incumbent upon the authors to educate the judge on how to think about hydrologic and ecologic principles. Issues of interest to the judge included a forensic assessment of the hydrologic and ecologic regime of the lake and the original Everglades system when the State of Florida first joined the U.S. While there are anecdotal archives that describe some elements of the system, there are few

  5. Lac Courte Oreilles Energy Analysis Project

    SciTech Connect

    Leslie Isham; Denise Johnson

    2009-04-01

    The Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe applied for first step funding in 2007 and was awarded in October of that year. We wanted to perform an audit to begin fulfilling two commitments we made to our membership and resolutions that we adopted. One was the Kyoto Protocol and reduce our carbon emissions by 25% and to produce 25% of our energy by sustainable means. To complete these goals we needed to begin with first assessing what our carbon emissions are and begin taking the steps to conserve on the energy we currently use. The First Step Grant gave us the opportunity to do this. Upon funding the Energy Project was formed under the umbrella of the LCO Public Works Department and Denise Johnson was hired as the coordinator. She quickly began fulfilling the objectives of the project. Denise began by contact the LCO College and hiring interns who were able to go to each Tribal entity and perform line logging to read and document the energy used for each electrical appliance. Data was also gathered for one full year from each entity for all their utility bills (gasoline, electric, natural gas, fuel oil, etc.). Relationships were formed with the Green Team and other Green Committees in the area that could assist us in this undertaking. The Energy Task Force was of great assistance as well recommending other committees and guidance to completing our project. The data was gathered, compiled and placed into spreadsheets that would be understandable for anyone who didn't have a background in Renewable Resources. While gathering the data Denise was also looking for ways to conserve energy usage, policies changes to implement and any possible viable renewable energy resources. Changes in the social behaviors of our members and employees will require further education by workshops, energy fairs, etc.. This will be looked into and done in coordination with our schools. The renewable resources seem most feasible are wind resources as well as Bio Mass both of which need further assessment

  6. [The court on tubal sterilization in 1985].

    PubMed

    Soutoul, J H; Pierre, F

    1985-01-01

    The gynaecologist and the surgeon undertake unknown risks because the law as far as sterilisation is concerned is poor in case history and for this reason more to be feared. There is, apart from Penal Code 309-310-316 on voluntary infliction of injury, on mutilation and on castration and on procedures that are sometimes dangerous to body and soul, silence in the low. This may appear to be favourable to the performance of male or female sterilisation for medical and social reasons. This approach clarifies the question of sterilisation which is more useful at a time when there is an increase in attempts to sue doctors for indemnity; and it is possible to fear that there will be an increase in cases of such legal action, because of the increase in the number of case histories that are referred for expert medical opinions in gynaecology and obstetrics, in case law and for the civil courts. It is not denied that there has been a tacit agreement to give indications for sterilisation during operations, and that this has been respected by the law because the medico-social situation of the patients is a very special one. On the other hand it is wise, and it will prevent medico-legal risks in cases where tubal or vas sterilisation has been carried out, if there are full medical and surgical notes prepared with detailed information and informed consent often given by the patient in writing and sometimes later, if necessary, the preparation of full defensive explanations of why the procedure was carried out. Paradoxically, this operation is not strictly legal in spite of the vague outlines of the concessions that have been made by the Conseil National de l'Ordre and by the National Academy of Medicine, whose attitude is still a very theoretical one. This is also the case with the European Commission, whose deliberations are so far no better than those that apply to French law.

  7. Long-term recidivism of mental health court defendants.

    PubMed

    Ray, Bradley

    2014-01-01

    The first MHC was established in 1997 and now, over 15years later, there are over 300 mental health courts in the United States. In a relatively short time these courts have become an established criminal justice intervention for persons with a mental illness. However, few studies have looked at the long-term outcomes of MHCs on criminal recidivism. Of the studies evaluating the impact of MHCs on criminal recidivism, most follow defendants after entry into the court during their participation, and only a few have followed defendants after court exit for periods of one or two years. This study follows MHC defendants for a minimum of five years to examine recidivism post-exit with particular attention to MHC completion's effect. Findings show that 53.9% of all MHC defendants were rearrested in the follow-up and averaged 15months to rearrest. Defendants who completed MHC were significantly less likely to be rearrested (39.6% vs. 74.8%), and went longer before recidivating (17.15months vs. 12.27months) than those who did not complete. This study suggests that MHCs can reduce criminal recidivism among offenders with mental illness and that this effect is sustained for several years after defendants are no longer under the court's supervision.

  8. Psychiatric court reports in Iceland 1970-1982.

    PubMed

    Gudjonsson, G H; Petursson, H

    1984-07-01

    This paper looks closely at psychiatric court reports in criminal cases in Iceland. Psychiatric court reports are in the great majority of cases requested by the State Criminal Investigation Police (SCIP) on behalf of the court in major criminal cases (e.g. homicide, sexual offences, arson, physical assault). Reports are very rarely requested by the defence. During the 13-year period 1970-1982 there were 97 requests for psychiatric reports by the police/court (i.e. an annual rate of about 7.5 reports). About two-thirds of the defendants were found to have some psychiatric abnormality, although only a minority (8%) were considered criminally insane at the time of the offence. Psychiatric reports were most often requested to assess criminal responsibility, and, to a much lesser extent, sentencing issues. Psychiatric experts almost never have to present their evidence in person in court, nor are they cross-examined on their evidence. This paper discusses some of the strengths and limitations of psychiatric evidence in Iceland, and the need for an organized forensic service.

  9. Is tobacco a drug? Administrative agencies as common law courts.

    PubMed

    Sunstein, C R

    1998-04-01

    Professor Cass Sunstein argues that the FDA has the authority to regulate tobacco products. He considers the text of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, which supports the FDA assertion, and the context of its enactment, which argues against the FDA. He resolves the tension between text and context in favor of FDA jurisdiction by turning to the emerging role of administrative agencies. In modern government, he contends, administrative agencies have become America's common law courts, with the power to adapt statutory regimes to new facts and new values when the underlying statute is ambiguous. Professor Sunstein's Article, like the other pieces in this volume, was written after the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina decided Coyne Beahm v. FDA, but before a three judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit reversed that decision in Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. FDA. In Coyne Beahm, the District Court held that the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act authorized the FDA to regulate tobacco products, but not tobacco advertising. The Fourth Circuit rejected the District Court's jurisdictional ruling and invalidated the FDA's regulations in their entirety. The Clinton Administration has since requested an en banc rehearing before the Fourth Circuit. PMID:10557544

  10. Court Reconstruction for Camera Calibration in Broadcast Basketball Videos.

    PubMed

    Wen, Pei-Chih; Cheng, Wei-Chih; Wang, Yu-Shuen; Chu, Hung-Kuo; Tang, Nick C; Liao, Hong-Yuan Mark

    2016-05-01

    We introduce a technique of calibrating camera motions in basketball videos. Our method particularly transforms player positions to standard basketball court coordinates and enables applications such as tactical analysis and semantic basketball video retrieval. To achieve a robust calibration, we reconstruct the panoramic basketball court from a video, followed by warping the panoramic court to a standard one. As opposed to previous approaches, which individually detect the court lines and corners of each video frame, our technique considers all video frames simultaneously to achieve calibration; hence, it is robust to illumination changes and player occlusions. To demonstrate the feasibility of our technique, we present a stroke-based system that allows users to retrieve basketball videos. Our system tracks player trajectories from broadcast basketball videos. It then rectifies the trajectories to a standard basketball court by using our camera calibration method. Consequently, users can apply stroke queries to indicate how the players move in gameplay during retrieval. The main advantage of this interface is an explicit query of basketball videos so that unwanted outcomes can be prevented. We show the results in Figs. 1, 7, 9, 10 and our accompanying video to exhibit the feasibility of our technique.

  11. Court Reconstruction for Camera Calibration in Broadcast Basketball Videos.

    PubMed

    Wen, Pei-Chih; Cheng, Wei-Chih; Wang, Yu-Shuen; Chu, Hung-Kuo; Tang, Nick C; Liao, Hong-Yuan Mark

    2016-05-01

    We introduce a technique of calibrating camera motions in basketball videos. Our method particularly transforms player positions to standard basketball court coordinates and enables applications such as tactical analysis and semantic basketball video retrieval. To achieve a robust calibration, we reconstruct the panoramic basketball court from a video, followed by warping the panoramic court to a standard one. As opposed to previous approaches, which individually detect the court lines and corners of each video frame, our technique considers all video frames simultaneously to achieve calibration; hence, it is robust to illumination changes and player occlusions. To demonstrate the feasibility of our technique, we present a stroke-based system that allows users to retrieve basketball videos. Our system tracks player trajectories from broadcast basketball videos. It then rectifies the trajectories to a standard basketball court by using our camera calibration method. Consequently, users can apply stroke queries to indicate how the players move in gameplay during retrieval. The main advantage of this interface is an explicit query of basketball videos so that unwanted outcomes can be prevented. We show the results in Figs. 1, 7, 9, 10 and our accompanying video to exhibit the feasibility of our technique. PMID:27504515

  12. In the Circuit Court of Jasper County, Missouri probate division at Carthage.

    PubMed

    1991-01-01

    Petitioners Lester and Joyce Cruzan were authorized to cause the removal of nutrition and hydration from their daughter and ward, Nancy Beth Cruzan. [Nancy Cruzan died on 26 December 1990, twelve days after her feeding tube was removed].

  13. Sleepwalking disorder and mens rea: a review and case report. Maricopa County Superior Court.

    PubMed

    Thomas, T N

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines complications of sleepwalking disorder (DSM-IV 307.46), an arousal disorder or parasomnia, in relationship to mens rea, or culpable mental state necessary to a finding of criminal responsibility. The legal history of criminal intent and insanity is reviewed. A case of indecent exposure is discussed in a man with a history of closed head injuries and sleepwalking disorder who was found standing naked in the middle of a busy urban thoroughfare in the wee hours of the morning and arrested. On psychiatric evaluation, the defendant was found to have a long-standing sleepwalking disorder. At trial, scientific literature and psychiatric expert testimony concerning sleepwalking disorder was presented. The psychiatrist opined that the defendant was probably sleepwalking at the time of the alleged offense. No rebuttal testimony was offered by the prosecution. The jury found the man not guilty. The author surveys the legal history of sleepwalking disorder and compares this example with others in which uncontrolled behavior during sleep has resulted in harm to the patient or to others. Clinical and forensic implications of the disorder are reviewed. The parasomnias' impact on forensic practice should be systematically studied. Intervention strategies should be refined and implemented.

  14. Supreme Court leaves intact ruling permitting AIDS caps.

    PubMed

    2000-01-21

    The U.S. Supreme Court let stand a ruling that allows insurance companies to cap AIDS-related benefits. The justices declined to hear an appeal in the case brought against Mutual of Omaha Insurance Company by two policy holders who said they received inferior coverage as a direct result of their HIV infection. The men sued under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The insurance company attorney said the Supreme Court did not hear the case because there is no real split in the circuit courts at appeal on the issue; 8 of 13 have held that coverage limits do not violate the ADA. Most insurance companies do not cap benefits for specific illnesses because there is no business justification and the caps open them up to lawsuits.

  15. Will the UK Supreme Court allow assisted dying?

    PubMed

    Griffith, Richard

    MPs overwhelmingly voted against passing the Assisted Dying Bill into law in September 2015. The Bill was defeated by a majority of 212, despite the heartfelt pleas of many MPs to pass it into law. The size of the defeat means that it is unlikely that Parliament will consider a similar law for many years. Yet many considered the Bill their last opportunity to make assisted dying lawful. There is, however, one further possible way assisted dying could become lawful in the UK--and that would be where the Supreme Court allowed it. In this article, the author reviews the Supreme Court's decision in R (on the application of Nicklinson v Ministry of Justice [2014] and considers how likely it is that the Supreme Court will now sanction assisted dying following Parliament's refusal to enact an assisted dying law. PMID:26500128

  16. Predicting drug court treatment completion using the MMPI-2-RF.

    PubMed

    Mattson, Curtis; Powers, Bradley; Halfaker, Dale; Akeson, Steven; Ben-Porath, Yossef

    2012-12-01

    We examined the ability of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008) substantive scales to predict Drug Court treatment completion in a sample of individuals identified as being at risk for failure to complete the program. Higher scores on MMPI-2-RF scales Behavior/Externalizing Dysfunction, Antisocial Behavior, Aberrant Experiences, Juvenile Conduct Problems, Aggression, and Disconstraint-Revised were associated with increased risk for failure to complete treatment. These results are consistent with previous findings (O'Reilly, 2007; Sellbom, Ben-Porath, Baum, Erez, & Gregory, 2008) regarding treatment completion. Gender was also found to be associated with treatment completion, with females being more likely to complete the Drug Court program than males. Zero-order correlations and relative risk analyses indicated that the MMPI-2-RF can provide useful information regarding risk factors for failure to complete Drug Court treatment. Limitations and future directions are discussed.

  17. California court to rule on insurer's denial of AIDS benefits.

    PubMed

    1999-04-16

    California Insurance Commissioner Chuck Quakenbush is asking the California Supreme Court to overturn a lower court ruling that bars policyholders from receiving disability payments because of AIDS. The State Court of Appeals ruled that Paul Revere Life Insurance Co. could deny coverage to [name removed] because his HIV infection amounted to a pre-existing condition. [Name removed] applied for the policy in 1988. He paid premiums for 5 years, longer than the 2 years the company had to confirm his medical condition. When he became unable to work because of AIDS, he applied for disability. The Commissioner says the intent behind the incontestability clause is to protect consumers from having claims denied after 2 years because of pre-existing conditions. One of [name removed]'s lawyers noted that the company's practice of offering insurance without any medical qualifications is not in line with industry standards. No date has been scheduled for oral arguments in the case.

  18. [Court statements by psychiatrists and the information about the victim].

    PubMed

    Ciszewski, L

    1994-01-01

    The author examined 90 psychiatry court statements of individuals suspected of battering the women with whom they were cohabiting. The goal of the study was to assess to what extent psychiatry court experts were interested in the victim involved, and whether they considered the victim's possible influence on the offender's mental state at the time of the crime. The number and scope of the information about the victim as contained in the court statements have also been assessed. Moreover, the source of the victim data was scrutinised. It turned out that there were very few trace and random pieces of information concerning the victim. Only in two cases fact that the impact of the victim had an effect on the mental state of the offender was taken into consideration. The author suggests that experts should explore the possible influence of the victim on the mental state of the offender at least in cases of evident victim-offender interaction.

  19. North Carolina court affirms conviction of HIV-positive rapist.

    PubMed

    1999-03-01

    The North Carolina Court of Appeals upheld the conviction of [name removed] [name removed], convicted of raping a 12-year-old girl. The defense had claimed that in admitting testimony about [name removed]'s AIDS diagnosis, the court prejudiced the jury against [name removed] was sentenced to 35 to 42.75 years in prison on the rape charge, and 22 to 32 months for an indecent liberties charge. Because of [name removed]'s HIV infection, indictments were made against him for attempted murder and assault with a deadly weapon. Those charges were dropped during the trial. The Court of Appeals refused to look into the case because the argument made in the appeal differed from the argument made at the original trial. The girl involved in the case received AZT prophylaxis following the rape and has not tested positive. PMID:11366398

  20. Will the UK Supreme Court allow assisted dying?

    PubMed

    Griffith, Richard

    MPs overwhelmingly voted against passing the Assisted Dying Bill into law in September 2015. The Bill was defeated by a majority of 212, despite the heartfelt pleas of many MPs to pass it into law. The size of the defeat means that it is unlikely that Parliament will consider a similar law for many years. Yet many considered the Bill their last opportunity to make assisted dying lawful. There is, however, one further possible way assisted dying could become lawful in the UK--and that would be where the Supreme Court allowed it. In this article, the author reviews the Supreme Court's decision in R (on the application of Nicklinson v Ministry of Justice [2014] and considers how likely it is that the Supreme Court will now sanction assisted dying following Parliament's refusal to enact an assisted dying law.

  1. Outcomes among drug court participants: does drug of choice matter?

    PubMed

    Shaffer, Deborah Koetzle; Hartman, Jennifer L; Listwan, Shelley Johnson; Howell, Terra; Latessa, Edward J

    2011-02-01

    The link between drug and alcohol abuse and criminal behavior is clearly illustrated in the literature. The options of how to respond to these offenders, however, has widely fluctuated over time. Currently, many states have reconsidered their "get tough" approach to one that is more rehabilitative in nature. One particular community-based intervention that has gained in popularity is the drug court model. The literature on drug courts is generally supportive; however, there is a need to examine effectiveness by target population. The purpose of this study is to explore recidivism rates of drug court clients by drug of choice. Using a 2-year follow-up period, this study finds that drug of choice does not significantly influence either successful graduation or arrest. Policy implications are discussed.

  2. Abortion and the law: the Supreme Court, privacy, and abortion.

    PubMed

    Marsh, F H

    1997-01-01

    This article examines the impact of the continuing politicization of the abortion issue in the US on the rights of women and on the emerging concept of fetal rights. The introduction 1) attributes the "final and total politicization" of a woman's right to control her reproduction to the "undue burden" standard introduced by the Supreme Court in its 1992 Casey decision and 2) claims that, if unchecked, the concept of fetal rights may give the state's interest in protecting potential life supremacy over women's rights. The next section presents an in-depth discussion of the politicization of the right to abortion that covers such topics as how the courts before Casey became the forum for debating abortion policy, how the "undue burden" standard fails to set definite parameters of acceptable state behavior, how the Casey decision in effect abandons the trimester-based framework of reference provided in Roe vs. Wade, how Casey allows states to subtly coerce women seeking abortions, how the Casey decision failed to reduce the intense politicization of abortion, and how the court failed to protect individual rights to health care and abortion funding from states. Part 3 of the article begins its exploration of the concept of "fetal rights" with a sketch of the history of this concept in the US courts starting in 1884 when damages for miscarriage were denied. Ways in which fetal rights compete with the rights of a pregnant woman are described, the Supreme Court is blamed for allowing states to develop this concept, and issues of patient confidentiality versus reporting requirements are considered. It is concluded that the Supreme Court will have to act to limit fetal rights.

  3. Air Force court affirms assault conviction of major.

    PubMed

    1996-03-01

    The Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals upheld the conviction and sentencing of [name removed], who had vaginal intercourse with two women without warning them that he was HIV-positive. [Name removed] was ordered not to engage in sexual intercourse unless he first informed his partner that he was infected. He was also ordered to use condoms. According to the court martial, both of these orders were disobeyed. Both women have tested negative for HIV antibodies. On appeal, [name removed] argued that evidence was insufficient to establish that he posed a risk of transmitting the virus. The three-judge appeals panel found in favor of the Air Force. PMID:11363419

  4. [Faulty implants: the court of appeal has ruled surgeon's responsibility].

    PubMed

    Theissen, A; Pujol, N; Catineau, J; Niccolai, P; Carles, M

    2013-08-01

    It is in this atmosphere fuelled by the recent scandal of the PIP implants that the final court of appeal has given a judgment on July 12, 2012 which reorients the debate. While patients seeked a shared responsibility between the provider of the implants and the surgeon, in this case of faulty testicular implants, the final court of appeal just ruled out the responsibility of the surgeon. But this jurisprudence can only be applied to private law, i.e. for private healthcare whereas lawsuits filed against public hospitals depend on a different legal liability system.

  5. Senators seek to reverse Supreme Court on disability rights.

    PubMed

    1998-09-18

    U.S. Senators Thurmond and Helms are seeking to undo the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling that requires State and local prisons to offer inmates the services that are mandated by Federal disability-rights laws. Their proposed legislation, called S.2266, would exempt State and local prisons from the public accommodations requirements contained in the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Rehabilitation Act. The Senators believe that if the Court's ruling is not amended, prisoners will file endless lawsuits to seek special privileges, which would drag Federal judges into the particulars of running State and local prisons.

  6. Accidents in Malaysian construction industry: statistical data and court cases.

    PubMed

    Chong, Heap Yih; Low, Thuan Siang

    2014-01-01

    Safety and health issues remain critical to the construction industry due to its working environment and the complexity of working practises. This research attempts to adopt 2 research approaches using statistical data and court cases to address and identify the causes and behavior underlying construction safety and health issues in Malaysia. Factual data on the period of 2000-2009 were retrieved to identify the causes and agents that contributed to health issues. Moreover, court cases were tabulated and analyzed to identify legal patterns of parties involved in construction site accidents. Approaches of this research produced consistent results and highlighted a significant reduction in the rate of accidents per construction project in Malaysia.

  7. Court upholds blood bank in dispute over expert proof.

    PubMed

    1998-10-16

    A Colorado appeals court upheld summary judgment for a blood bank that was sued by a transfusion recipient who contracted HIV. [Name removed] presented no admissible proof that she would have escaped HIV infection if the Belle Bonfils Memorial Blood Center had used a method that required freezing and retesting the blood. [Name removed] provided an expert witness, but the witness's testimony failed to explain how the process could be used in blood banks nationally without crippling the industry. The court found that it would be impractical for a blood bank to freeze and retest all blood products.

  8. Length of Time to Resolve Criminal Charges of Child Sexual Abuse: A Three-County Case Study.

    PubMed

    Walsh, Wendy A; Lippert, Tonya; Edelson, Meredyth Goldberg; Jones, Lisa M

    2015-08-01

    The present study sought to examine the court culture of three Oregon counties and their timelines for resolving felony child sexual abuse cases. Specifically, we examined (a) case outcomes, churning (i.e., the extent to which four court events were rescheduled), the length of time to reach a criminal case resolution, and how this length of time compared to that for felonies generally; (b) whether mandatory minimum sentences affected resolution timeliness; and (c) key stakeholders' perceptions about their local court culture. Data included retrospective case-file abstraction (N = 532) on all felony child sex crimes for a 2-year period and interviews with legal professionals (N = 23). Across all three counties, a minority of child sexual abuse cases (18% to 47%) were resolved within the target timeframe of 4 months. In contrast, most felonies (65% to 77%) were resolved within this timeframe. The rescheduling of trials and the requirement of mandatory minimum sentences for some felony child sexual abuse crimes increased the time until case resolution. Results suggest that court cultures that are hierarchical and cooperative may lead to longer case resolution times than court cultures that are self-managing or autonomous. Implications of these results and other results are discussed. PMID:26206709

  9. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - Recommended Language for Court Orders Dividing Employee Annuities

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Pt. 838, Subpt. F, App. A Appendix A to Subpart F of Part 838—Recommended Language for Court Orders... the former spouse's entitlement. The court order may contain a formula that has the effect of...

  10. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - Recommended Language for Court Orders Dividing Employee Annuities

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Pt. 838, Subpt. F, App. A Appendix A to Subpart F of Part 838—Recommended Language for Court Orders... the former spouse's entitlement. The court order may contain a formula that has the effect of...

  11. 5 CFR Appendix A to Subpart F of... - Recommended Language for Court Orders Dividing Employee Annuities

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Pt. 838, Subpt. F, App. A Appendix A to Subpart F of Part 838—Recommended Language for Court Orders... the former spouse's entitlement. The court order may contain a formula that has the effect of...

  12. India: High Court rules mandatory death penalty for drug crimes unconstitutional.

    PubMed

    Golichenko

    2011-10-01

    On 16 June 2011, the Bombay High Court issued a judgment that overturned the law providing for a mandatory death penalty for certain drug crimes, becoming the first court in the world to do so. PMID:22165278

  13. Open Court Reading[c]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2012

    2012-01-01

    "Open Court Reading"[c] is a core reading program for grades K-6 developed by SRA/McGraw-Hill that is designed to teach decoding, comprehension, inquiry, and writing in a logical progression. Part 1 of each unit, Preparing to Read, focuses on phonemic awareness, sounds and letters, phonics, fluency, and word knowledge. Part 2, Reading and…

  14. How the Courts Deal with Bullying in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamantes, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    School officials have a difficult time dealing with cases of bullying. Often, it is one student's word against another. Also, many victims of bullying are reluctant to report instances for fear of retribution. As in sexual harassment cases, school officials need to be seen doing something about the problem. Courts view indifference to these…

  15. 28 CFR 513.33 - Production of records in court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... forth in 28 CFR part 16, subpart B. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Production of records in court. 513.33 Section 513.33 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT...

  16. 28 CFR 513.33 - Production of records in court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... forth in 28 CFR part 16, subpart B. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Production of records in court. 513.33 Section 513.33 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT...

  17. 28 CFR 513.33 - Production of records in court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... forth in 28 CFR part 16, subpart B. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Production of records in court. 513.33 Section 513.33 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT...

  18. 28 CFR 513.33 - Production of records in court.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... forth in 28 CFR part 16, subpart B. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Production of records in court. 513.33 Section 513.33 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT...

  19. Court Decisions Specific to Public School Responses to Student Concussions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2016-01-01

    This article provides an up-to-date and comprehensive canvassing of the judicial case law concerning the responses to students with concussions in the public school context. The two categories of court decisions are (a) those concerning continued participation in interscholastic athletics, referred to under the rubric of "return to play"…

  20. The Supreme Court on Education.Five Defining Cases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Permuth, Steve; Mawdsley, Ralph D.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses five landmark Supreme Court rulings that continue to affect the daily operations of public schools regarding equality ("Brown v Board of Education"), students' freedom of expression ("Tinker v. De Moines,""Bethel v. Fraser," and "Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier"), and preservation of due process ("Goss v. Lopez"). (MLH)