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Sample records for rankis artjoms lebedevs

  1. Development of the Finite Difference Time Domain Method on a Lebedev Grid for Anisotropic Materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nauta, Marcel D.

    The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method is derived on a Lebedev grid, instead of the standard Yee grid, to better represent the constitutive relations in anisotropic materials. The Lebedev grid extends the Yee grid by approximating Maxwell's equations with tensor constitutive relations using only central differences. A dispersion relation with stability criteria is derived and it is proven that the Lebedev grid has a consistent calculus. An integral derivation of the update equations illustrates how to appropriately excite the grid. This approach is also used to derive the update equations at planar material interfaces and domain edge PEC. Lebedev grid results are compared with analytical and Yee grid solutions using an equal memory comparison. Numerical results show that the Lebedev grid suffers greater dispersion error but better represents material interfaces. Focus is given to generalizing the concepts that make the Yee grid robust for isotropic materials. Keywords: FDTD, anisotropic materials, Lebedev grid, collocated grids.

  2. N.G. Basov and early works on semiconductor lasers at P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute

    SciTech Connect

    Eliseev, P G

    2012-12-31

    A survey is presented of works on creation and investigation of semiconductor lasers during 1957 - 1977 at the P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute. Many of these works were initiated by N.G. Basov, starting from pre-laser time, when N.G. Basov and his coworkers formulated principal conditions of creation of lasers on interband transitions in semiconductors. Main directions of further works were diode lasers based on various materials and structures, their characteristics of output power, high-speed operation and reliability. (special issue devoted to the 90th anniversary of n.g. basov)

  3. "As I deeply understand the importance and greatly admire the poetry of experiment..." (on the eve of P N Lebedev's anniversary)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shcherbakov, R. N.

    2016-02-01

    Whatever we think of the eminent Russian physicist P N Lebedev, whatever our understanding of how his work was affected by circumstances in and outside of Russia, whatever value is placed on the basic elements of his twenty-year career and personal life and of his great successes and, happily, not so great failures, and whatever the stories of his happy times and his countless misfortunes, one thing remains clear — P N Lebedev's skill and talent served well to foster the development of global science and to improve the reputation of Russia as a scientific nation.

  4. CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA: P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS — 75 years(Joint session of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute Research Council and the Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the United Physical Society of the Russian Federation, 6 April 2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mesyats, Gennadii A.; Bolotovskii, Boris M.; Kopaev, Yurii V.; Kardashev, Nikolai S.; Zatsepin, Georgii T.; Roganova, Tat'yana M.; Masalov, Anatolii V.; Gubin, Mikhail A.; Velichansky, Vladimir L.; Dagkesamanskii, Rustam D.

    2009-11-01

    A Joint session of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute Research Council of the Academy of Sciences and the Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the United Physical Society of the Russian Federation was convened on 6 April 2009 to mark the 75th anniversary of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute of the Academy of Sciences (FIAN). The following papers were read to the session: (1) Mesyats G A (P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS) "75 years of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS which traces back its origin to the Physics Room of Peter the Great's Kunstkamera created 225 years ago"; (2) Bolotovskii B M (Division of Theoretical Physics, P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS) "Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation"; (3) Kopaev Yu V (Division of Solid State Physics, P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS) "Toroidal states in crystals"; (4) Kardashev N S (Astro-Cosmic Center of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS) "Science program of the Radioastron mission"; (5) Zatsepin G T (Nuclear Research Institute RAS), Roganova T M (M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, D V Skobeltsyn Nuclear Physics Research Institute) "Cosmic ray studies"; (6) Masalov A V (Optics Division, P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS) "Spectroscopy: from atoms to cosmic objects"; (7) Gubin M A, Velichansky V L (Division of Quantum Radiophysics, P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS) "Small-size optical frequency standards"; (8) Dagkesamanskii R D (Radioastronomical Observatory in Pushchino of the Astro-Cosmic Center of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS) "Prospects for radioastronomical research in Pushchino". Articles written on the basis of these talks are printed in this special issue of Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk (Usp. Fiz. Nauk 179 (11) 1145 - 1256 (2009) [English version: Phys. Usp. 52 (11) (2009] journal. • P N Lebedev Physical Institute RAS: past, present, and future, G A Mesyats Physics-Uspekhi, 2009, Volume 52, Number 11, Pages 1084-1097 • Vavilov

  5. Celebrating 50 years of the laser(Joint scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and of the Scientific Councils of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS and the A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, 21 April 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-01-01

    A joint scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) and the scientific councils of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS and the A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the advent of the laser was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute on 21 April 2010. The following reports were put on the session's agenda posted on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS: (1) Alferov Zh I (A F Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute RAS, St. Petersburg) "Semiconductor heterostructure lasers"; (2) Bagaev S N (Institute of Laser Physics, Siberian Branch, RAS, Novosibirsk) "Ultrahigh-resolution spectra and their fundamental application"; (3) Masalov A V (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Optical Department of the Lebedev Physical Institute: early work on lasers"; (4) Garnov S V, Shcherbakov I A (A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Laser sources of megavolt terahertz pulses"; (5) Sergeev A M, Khazanov E A (Institute of Applied Physics, RAS, Nizhny Novgorod) "Structural functions of a developed turbulence"; (6) Popov Yu M (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "The early history of semiconductor lasers"; (7) Manenkov A A (A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Self-focusing laser pulses: current state and future prospects". The papers written on the basis of reports 3, 4, 6, and 7 are published below. A comprehensive version of report 5 prepared in the form of a review paper is published in this issue of Physics-Uspekhi on p. 9. • Optical Department of the Lebedev Physical Institute: early work on lasers, A V Masalov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 1, Pages 87-91 • Laser methods for generating megavolt terahertz pulses, S V Garnov, I A Shcherbakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 1, Pages 91-96 • The early history of the injection laser, Yu M Popov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011

  6. The 120th anniversary of the birth of Academician D V Skobeltsyn (Joint meeting of the scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Research Councils of the Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and of the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University, 28 November 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2013-04-01

    A joint meeting of the scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) and the Research Councils of the Lebedev Physical Institute of the RAS and of the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University took place at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute of the RAS on 28 November 2012.The following reports were put on the session agenda as posted on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division:1) Mesyats G A (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Opening remarks"; (2) Sadovnichy V A (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Academician D V Skobeltsyn and Moscow State University"; (3) Dalkarov O D (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Cosmic rays studies at FIAN"; (4) Panasyuk M I, Romanovskii E A (Skobteltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Academician D V Skobeltsyn -- the founder of the scientific school of nuclear physics at Moscow State University"; (5) Mikhailin V V (Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Synchrotron and undulator radiations and their application in spectroscopy"; (6) Toptygin I N (St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg) "The Petersburg period in the life of D V Skobeltsyn". Articles based on talks 1, 2, 4-6 are printed below. • Academician D V Skobeltsyn and FIAN, G A Mesyats Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 4, Pages 401-404 • Academician D V Skobeltsyn and Moscow State University, V A Sadovnichy Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 4, Pages 404-406 • Academician D V Skobeltsyn as the founder of the MSU school of nuclear physics, M I Panasyuk, E A Romanovskii Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 4, Pages 406-411 • Synchrotron and undulator radiations and their applications in spectroscopy, V V Mikhailin Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 4, Pages 412-417 • The Petersburg

  7. Revision of the monogenean subfamily Neothoracocotylinae Lebedev, 1969 (Polyopisthocotylea: Thoracocotylidae).

    PubMed

    Hayward, C J; Rohde, K

    1999-11-01

    Members of the subfamily Neothoracocotylinae are gastrocotylinean monogeneans on the gills of scombrid fishes of the genera Scomberomorus and Acanthocybium, and reportedly of a coryphaenid fish belonging to the genus Coryphaena. We revise the diagnosis of the subfamily and its two genera and accept only two species as valid. Neothoracocotyle acanthocybii (Meserve, 1938) Hargis, 1956 is known from Acanthocybium solandri throughout the Pacific Ocean and in the western Atlantic. N. coryphaenae (Yamaguti, 1938) Hargis, 1956, known only from a single specimen and described from Coryphaena hippurus in Japan, is synonymised with N. acanthocybii. The sole member of Scomberocotyle, S. scomberomori (Koratha, 1955) Hargis, 1956, infects five species of Scomberomorus in the eastern Pacific Ocean and the western and castern Atlantic. We record this worm from several new hosts and/or localities, including S. sierra and S. concolor in the eastern Pacific (Mexico to Colombia), S. maculatus and S. cavalla in the western Atlantic (USA to Brazil), and S. tritor in the eastern Atlantic (Sierra Leone to Nigeria). PMID:10629726

  8. Information Telecommunications of Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory, Astro Space Center of Lebedev Physical Institute

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dumsky, V.; Isaev, E. A.; Samodurov, V. A.; Likhachev, S. F.; Shatskaya, M. V.; Kitaeva, M. A.; Zaytcev, A. Yu.; Ovchinnikov, I. L.; Kornilov, V. V.

    Buffer data center was created in the territory of the Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory three years ago. The necessity of its creation was caused by the high requirements to the speed and quality of the transmission large amounts of scientific and telemetry data received by tracking station RT-22 from the space radio telescope of the international project "Radioastron". The transfer of this data is carried out over a long distance over 100 km from the Pushchino to Moscow center of processing and storage ASC FIAN. And now we use the data center as a center of local network of the Observatory.

  9. Climate Verification Using Running Mann Whitney Z Statistics

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A robust method previously used to detect observed intra- to multi-decadal (IMD) climate regimes was adapted to test whether climate models could reproduce IMD variations in U.S. surface temperatures during 1919-2008. This procedure, called the running Mann Whitney Z (MWZ) method, samples data ranki...

  10. Jubilee session of the FIAN and IOFAN Research Councils marking 300 years since the beginning of physical science research in Russia and 80 years of FIAN (28 April 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-12-01

    A joint session of the Research Councils of the Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FIAN) and the Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IOFAN) marking 300 years since the beginning of physical science research in Russia and 80 years of FIAN was held on 28 April 2014 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS).The agenda of the session, announced on the website http://www.lebedev.ru of the Lebedev Physical Institute listed the following reports: Jubilee session (1) Fortov V E, President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, "300 years of physical research in Russia"; (2) Mesyats G A, Director of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, "LPI: past and present"; (3) Shcherbakov I A, Director of the Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, "History of the development of lasers"; (4) Baturin Yu M, Director of the Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology, "'Kunstkamera' and the development of physics in the 18th-20th centuries". Scientific session (5) Kardashev N S (Astro-Cosmic Center, Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS) "Modern cosmic radio astronomy: results and prospects"; (6) Kochiev D G, Shcherbakov I A (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS) "Lasers in medicine"; (7) Kolachevsky N N (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS) "Precision laser spectroscopy in fundamental studies"; (8) Kryukov P G (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS) "Powerful femtosecond lasers"; (9) Pudalov V M (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS) "New high-temperature superconductors: research and prospects"; (10) Demikhov E I (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS) "Magnetic resonance imaging". Videos of the reports are posted on the website www.lebedev.ru/ru/sci-council.html?id=567 of the Lebedev Physical Institute. • Precision laser spectroscopy in fundamental studies, N N Kolachevsky, K Yu Khabarova Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 12, Pages 1230-1238

  11. A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate that the conviction by the Government of Russia of businessman Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Platon Lebedev constitutes a politically motivated case of selective arrest and prosecution that flagrantly undermines the rule of law and independence of the judicial system of Russia.

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. Wicker, Roger F. [R-MS

    2011-02-17

    02/17/2011 Referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. (text of measure as introduced: CR S914-915) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  12. A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate that the trial by the Russian Government of businessmen Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Platon Lebedev constitutes a politically-motivated case of selective arrest and prosecution that serves as a test of the rule of law and independence of the judicial system of Russia.

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Sen. Wicker, Roger F. [R-MS

    2009-06-18

    06/18/2009 Referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. (text of measure as introduced: CR S6817-6818) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  13. Revision of the monogenean subfamily Thoracocotylinae price, 1936 (Polyopisthocotylea: Thoracocotylidae), with the description of a new species of the genus Pseudothoracocotyla Yamaguti, 1963.

    PubMed

    Hayward, C J; Rohde, K

    1999-11-01

    Members of the subfamily Thoracocotylinae are gastrocotylid monogeneans of Spanish mackerels (scombrid fishes of the genus Scomberomorus) from warm to warm-temperate seas around the world. We revise the diagnosis of the subfamily and recognise two genera and three species as valid. The genus Paradawesia Bravo Hollis & Lamothe Argumedo, 1976 is synonymised with Thoracocotyle MacCallum, 1913, and Dawesia Unnithan, 1965 and Methoracocotyle Lebedev, 1984 are synonymised with Pseudothoracocotyla Yamaguti, 1963. Thoracocotyle crocea MacCallum, 1913 (syns T. paradoxica Meserve, 1938 and Paradawesia bychowskyi Bravo Hollis & Lamothe Argumedo, 1976) is recorded from two species of Scomberomorus in the eastern Pacific (California to Peru) and four in the western Atlantic (South Carolina to Brazil). Pseudothoracocotyla ovalis (Tripathi, 1956) Yamaguti, 1963 (new syns Dawesia indica Unnithan, 1965, D. incisa Lebedev, 1970, Methoracocotyle scomberomori (Young, 1968) Lebedev, 1984, M. gigantica (Rohde, 1976) Lebedev, 1984 and Thoracotyle indica (Unnithan, 1965) Murugesh, 1995) is recorded from the gills of seven species of Scomberomorus from the Indo-west Pacific (eastern South Africa north to the Persian Gulf, and east to Fiji). Pseudothoracocotyla whittingtoni n. sp. is described from an eighth Indo-west Pacific scomberomorid, S. munroi, in Australian waters.

  14. Astronomy and Gravity in former USSR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaina, Alex

    2005-09-01

    The proceeding contains recollections from the Meeting "Quantum Gravity", 1987, held in Moscow under the direction by M.A. Markov, V.A. Berezin and V.P. Frolov. A short meeting with A.D. Sakharov and a lunch with Stephen Hawking is recollected too. The seminars in P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute are storied.

  15. In memory of V L Ginzburg (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 27 October 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-06-01

    The scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division (PSD) of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), dedicated to the memory of V L Ginzburg, took place in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS on 27 October 2010.The agenda of the session announced on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division listed the following reports: (1) Mesyats G A (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Introductory word"; (2) Rubakov V A (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Cosmology and the Large Hadron Collider"; (3) Gurevich A V (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow), Zelenyi L M (Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Intense gamma bursts in Earth's atmosphere (TGE) and the mission 'Chibis'"; (4) Vasiliev M A (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Higher-spin theory"; (5) Maksimov E G (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "What is and what is not known about HTSC"; (6) Pudalov V M (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow, and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) "V L Ginzburg and the development of experimental work on high-temperature superconductivity at LPI: 'iron superconductors'". Papers based on talks 2, 4, and 6 are published below.For several reasons, L P Pitaevskii was unable to attend the session. He presented a paper dedicated to the memory of V L Ginzburg, which is published in this issue of Physics-Uspekhi (p. 625). • Cosmology and the Large Hadron Collider, V A Rubakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 6, Pages 633-641 • V L Ginzburg and higher-spin fields, M A Vasiliev Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 6, Pages 641-648 • V L Ginzburg and the development of experimental work on high-temperature superconductivity at LPI: 'iron superconductors', V M Pudalov, O E Omel'yanovskii, E P Khlybov, A V Sadakov, Yu F El'tsev, K V Mitsen, O M Ivanenko, K S Pervakov, D R Gizatulin, A S Usol'tsev, A S Dormidontov, S Yu Gavrilkin, A Yu Tsvetkov, Ya G Ponomarev, S A Kuzmichev, M G Mikheev

  16. Organic photonics and organic optoelectronics (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 30 January 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2013-06-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), "Organic photonics and organic optoelectronics," was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 30 January 2013.The following reports were put on the session agenda as posted on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division:1) Vitukhnovsky A G (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Organic photonics: achievements and setbacks"; (2) Aleshin A N (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Organic optoelectronics based on polymer-inorganic nanoparticle composite materials." Papers written on the basis of the reports are published below. • Organic photonics: achievements and setbacks, A G Vitukhnovsky Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 6, Pages 623-627 • Organic optoelectronics based on polymer - inorganic nanoparticle composite materials, A N Aleshin Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 6, Pages 627-632

  17. ORAL ISSUE OF THE JOURNAL "USPEKHI FIZICHESKIKH NAUK": Special scientific session of the Editorial Board of the journal "Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk" honoring Vitalii Lazarevich Ginzburg on his 90th birthday (3 October 2006)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-04-01

    A Special scientific session of the Editorial Board of the journal Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk (an oral issue of the journal UFN) was held in the Conference Hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow), on 3 October 2006. Several topical physical problems from the list given by Vitalii Lazarevich Ginzburg in his Nobel Lecture (Ginzburg's list) were discussed [in the order of the problems appeared on Ginzburg's list (see p. 332)].

  18. ORAL ISSUE OF THE JOURNAL "USPEKHI FIZICHESKIKH NAUK": Special session of the Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk Editorial Board celebrating the 90th anniversary of the journal(19 November 2008)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginzburg, Vitalii L.; Dremin, Igor M.; Shirkov, Dmitrii V.; Smirnov, Boris M.; Aleksandrov, Evgenii B.; Vershovskii, Anton K.; Maksimov, Evgenii G.; Fortov, Vladimir E.

    2009-06-01

    A special session of the Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk (UFN) Editorial Board (UFN's oral issue) celebrating the 90th anniversary of the journal and the 50th anniversary of its English version (first under the title Soviet Physics-Uspekhi and then under the current title Physics-Uspekhi) took place on November 19, 2008 in the conference hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute (FIAN) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The following reports were presented at the session: (1) Ginzburg V L (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow), Aksent'eva M S (Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, RAS, Moscow) "On the history of UFN (introductory talk)"; (2) Dremin I M (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "The physics of the Large Hadron Collider"; (3) Shirkov D V (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region) "Pair correlations and spontaneous symmetry breaking"; (4) Smirnov B M (Institute for High Temperatures, RAS, Moscow) "Modeling of gas-discharge plasma"; (5) Sadovskii M V (Institute of Electrophysics, RAS Ural Branch, Ekaterinburg) "High-temperature superconductivity in iron-based layered compounds"; (6) Aleksandrov E B (All-Russian Research Center, S I Vavilov State Optical Institute, St. Petersburg) Physical limits in the metrology of a magnetic field by atomic spectroscopy techniques"; (7) Maksimov E G (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Microscopic studies of the nature of the ferroelectric transition"; (8) Fortov V E (Institute for High Energy Density, RAS, Moscow) "Extreme states of matter". Articles based on reports 1-4 and 6-8 are published below in this special issue of the Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk journal devoted to the jubilees of the Russian and English versions of the journal.

  19. View factors of cylindrical spiral surfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebedev, Vladimir A.; Solovjov, Vladimir P.

    2016-03-01

    Analytical expressions are presented for the view factors (radiative configuration factors) associated with the flat right cylindrical spiral surface. Such cylindrical spiral systems are widely applied as electrical resistance heating elements for lighting devices, electronic radio tubes, high-speed gas flow heaters, and other appliances used for scientific, industrial and domestic purposes. Derivation of the view factors is based on the invariant principles and the results presented in Lebedev (2000, 2003,1988) [1-3].

  20. Characterization of Russian ballistic furnace shells, February, 1999, batch

    SciTech Connect

    Fearon, E

    1999-04-02

    This report documents the characterization of the latest batch of shells produced in the Ballistic Furnace System at the Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia, that we received in mid-February, 1999. The batch consisted of three cassettes containing 36 shells in each cassette. An initial sphericity measurement was done, each shell was weighed, and shells were selected that were spherical enough to run on the Sphere Mapper AFM.

  1. Black holes: theory and observations (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 23 December 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-07-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), "Black holes: theory and observations," was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 23 December 2015. The papers collected in this issue were written based on talks given at the session: (1) I D Novikov (Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Astro Space Center, Moscow; The Niels Bohr International Academy, The Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen; National Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Black holes, wormholes, and time machines"; (2) A M Cherepashchuk (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow) "Observing stellar-mass and supermassive black holes"; (3) N S Kardashev (Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Astro Space Center, Moscow) "Millimetron space project: a tool for researching black holes and wormholes." Papers written on the basis of oral presentations 1, 2 are published below. • Observing stellar mass and supermassive black holes, A M Cherepashchuk Physics-Uspekhi, 2016, Volume 59, Number 7, Pages 702–712 • Black holes, wormholes, and time machines, I D Novikov Physics-Uspekhi, 2016, Volume 59, Number 7, Pages 713–715

  2. Commemoration of the 90th anniversary of the birth of Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, 25 May 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2012-02-01

    On 25 May 2011, the scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), devoted to the 90th anniversary of Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov's birthday, was held at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The agenda of the session announced on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the PSD RAS contains the following reports: (1) Mesyats G A (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Introduction. Greetings"; (2) Ritus V I (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "A D Sakharov: personality and fate"; (3) Altshuler B L (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Scientific and public legacy of A D Sakharov today"; (4) Ilkaev R I (Russian Federal Nuclear Center 'All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics', Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region) "The path of a genius: Sakharov at KB-11"; (5) Novikov I D (Astrocosmic Center, Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Wormholes and the multielement Universe"; (6) Azizov E A (National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Tokamaks: 60 years later"; (7) Kardashev N S (Astrocosmic Center, Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Cosmic interferometers"; (8) Lukash V I (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "From the cosmological model to the Hubble flux formation"; (9) Grishchuk L P (Shternberg State Astronomical Institute, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow; School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom) "Cosmological Sakharov oscillations and quantum mechanics of the early Universe". Articles based on reports 2-4, 6, 8, and 9 are published below. The content of report 5 is close to papers "Multicomponent Universe and astrophysics of wormholes" by I D Novikov, N S Kardashev, A A Shatskii [Phys. Usp. 50 965 (2007)] and "Dynamic model of a wormhole and the Multiuniverse model" by A A Shatskii, I D Novikov, N S Kardashev [Phys. Usp. 51 457 (2008)]. The content of report 7 is close to the paper "Radioastron - a radio telescope

  3. Laboratory Studies of Supersonic Magnetized Plasma Jets and Radiative Shocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebedev, Sergey

    2013-06-01

    In this talk I will focus on laboratory plasma experiments producing magnetically driven supersonic plasma jets and on the interaction of these jets with ambient media. The experiments are scalable to astrophysical flows in that the critical dimensionless numbers such as the plasma collisionality, the plasma beta, the Reynolds number and the magnetic Reynolds number are all in the astrophysically appropriate ranges. The experimental results will be compared with computer simulations performed with laboratory plasma codes and with astrophysical codes. In the experiments the jets are driven and collimated by the toroidal magnetic fields and it is found that the level of MHD instabilities in the jets strongly depends on the strength of the field represented by the ratio of the thermal to magnetic field pressures (plasma beta). The experiments show the possibility of formation of episodic outflows, with periodic ejections of magnetic bubbles naturally evolving into a heterogeneous jet propagating inside a channel made of self-collimated magnetic cavities [1,2]. We also found that it is possible to form quasi-laminar jets which are “indirectly” collimated by the toroidal magnetic fields, but this requires the presence of the lower density halo plasma surrounding the central jet [3]. Studies of the radiative shocks formed in the interaction of the supersonic magnetized plasma flows with ambient plasma will be also presented, and the development of cooling instabilities in the post-shock plasma will be discussed. This research was sponsored by EPSRC Grant No. EP/G001324/1 and by the OFES DOE under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-SC-0001063. References 1. A. Ciardi, S.V. Lebedev, A. Frank et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 691: L147-L150 (2009) 2. F.A. Suzuki-Vidal, S.V. Lebedev, S.N. Bland et al., Physics of Plasmas, 17, 112708 (2010). 3. F.A. Suzuki-Vidal, M. Bocchi, S.V. Lebedev et al., Physics of Plasmas, 19, 022708 (2012).

  4. Electrostatic point charge fitting as an inverse problem: Revealing the underlying ill-conditioning

    SciTech Connect

    Ivanov, Maxim V.; Talipov, Marat R.; Timerghazin, Qadir K.

    2015-10-07

    Atom-centered point charge (PC) model of the molecular electrostatics—a major workhorse of the atomistic biomolecular simulations—is usually parameterized by least-squares (LS) fitting of the point charge values to a reference electrostatic potential, a procedure that suffers from numerical instabilities due to the ill-conditioned nature of the LS problem. To reveal the origins of this ill-conditioning, we start with a general treatment of the point charge fitting problem as an inverse problem and construct an analytical model with the point charges spherically arranged according to Lebedev quadrature which is naturally suited for the inverse electrostatic problem. This analytical model is contrasted to the atom-centered point-charge model that can be viewed as an irregular quadrature poorly suited for the problem. This analysis shows that the numerical problems of the point charge fitting are due to the decay of the curvatures corresponding to the eigenvectors of LS sum Hessian matrix. In part, this ill-conditioning is intrinsic to the problem and is related to decreasing electrostatic contribution of the higher multipole moments, that are, in the case of Lebedev grid model, directly associated with the Hessian eigenvectors. For the atom-centered model, this association breaks down beyond the first few eigenvectors related to the high-curvature monopole and dipole terms; this leads to even wider spread-out of the Hessian curvature values. Using these insights, it is possible to alleviate the ill-conditioning of the LS point-charge fitting without introducing external restraints and/or constraints. Also, as the analytical Lebedev grid PC model proposed here can reproduce multipole moments up to a given rank, it may provide a promising alternative to including explicit multipole terms in a force field.

  5. The 100th anniversary of the birth of N E Alekseevskii (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 23 May 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2013-02-01

    The scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) commemorating the 100th anniversary of the birth of RAS Corresponding Member N E Alekseevskii took place on 23 May 2012 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The following reports were put on the session agenda as posted on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Kopaev Yu V (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "About N E Alekseevskii" (2) Brandt N B (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "My teacher Nikolai Evgen'evich Alekseevskii"; (3) Peschansky V G (B I Verkin Physical-Technical Institute of Low Temperatures of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkov, Ukraine) "Galvanomagnetic effects in layered conductors"; (4) Krasnoperov E P (The National Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "First steps of technical superconductivity in the USSR"; (5) Nizhankovsky V I (International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures, Wroclaw, Poland), Tsebro V I (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "History of creation and growth of the International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures".Papers written on the basis of oral presentations 2 - 5 are printed below. • The best years of my life, N B Brandt Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 2, Pages 192-198 • Galvanomagnetic phenomena in layered conductors, V G Peschansky Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 2, Pages 198-201 • At the origins of applied superconductivity, E P Krasnoperov Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 2, Pages 202-204 • International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures: how it was set up and how it evolved, V I Nizhankovskii, V I Tsebro Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 2, Pages 204-210

  6. Modern problems in the physical sciences (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 30 November 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2012-08-01

    On 30 November 2011, a scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The agenda of the session announced on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website www.gpad.ac.ru included the following reports: (1) Ivchenko E L (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin physics in semiconductor nanosystems"; (2) Golub L E (A F Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin transport in heterostructures"; (3) Levchenko A A (Institute of Solid State Physics, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow region) "Capillary turbulence on the surface of quantum liquids"; (4) Babin S A (Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch of the RAS) "New generation modes in fiber lasers"; (5) Kurt V G (Astro-Space Center of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Motion of the Sun through the interstellar medium"; (6) Lukash V N (Astro-Space Center of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Cosmological flow generation in general relativity".Papers written on the basis of oral reports 1-3, 5, and 6 are presented below. • Spin physics in semiconductor nanosystems, E L Ivchenko Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 808-814 • Spin transport in heterostructures, L E Golub Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 814-818 • Kinetic and discrete turbulence on the surface of quantum liquids, L V Abdurakhimov, M Yu Brazhnikov, A A Levchenko, I A Remizov, S V Filatov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 818-825 • Motion of the Sun through the interstellar medium, V G Kurt, E N Mironova Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 825-831 • Generation of cosmological flows in general relativity, V N Lukash, E V Mikheeva, V N Strokov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 8, Pages 831-837

  7. 120th anniversary of the birth of Sergei Ivanovich Vavilov (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 30 March 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-12-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) dedicated to the 120th anniversary of the birth of Sergei Ivanovich Vavilov was held in the Conference Hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 30 March 2011. The following reports were put on the session's agenda posted on the web site www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS: (1) Masalov A V (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "S I Vavilov and nonlinear optics"; (2) Basiev T T (Laser Materials and Technology Research Center, A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Luminescent nanophotonics and high-power lasers"; (3) Vitukhnovsky A G (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Advances in luminescent light sources and displays"; (4) Aleksandrov E B (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Sergei Ivanovich Vavilov and the special theory of relativity"; (5) Bolotovsky B M (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Vavilov-Cherenkov effect"; (6) Vizgin V P (S I Vavilov Institute of the History of Natural Scienses and Technology, RAS, Moscow) "Sergei Ivanovich Vavilov as a historian of science"; (7) Ginzburg A S (Knowledge Society) "Academician S I Vavilov — a devotee of the enlightenment and the first president of the Knowledge Society of the USSR". The papers written on the basis of reports 1-4 and 6 are given below. The main contents of report 5 is reflected in the paper "Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation: its discovery and application" [Usp. Fiz. Nauk 179 1161 (2009); Phys. Usp. 52 1099 (2009)] published earlier by B M Bolotovsky. • S I Vavilov and nonlinear optics, A V Masalov, Z A Chizhikova Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 12, Pages 1257-1262 • Luminescent nanophotonics, fluoride laser ceramics, and crystals, T T Basiev, I T Basieva, M E Doroshenko Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 12, Pages 1262-1268 • Advances in light sources and displays, A G Vitukhnovsky Physics

  8. C*-algebras associated with reversible extensions of logistic maps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwaśniewski, Bartosz K.

    2012-10-01

    The construction of reversible extensions of dynamical systems presented in a previous paper by the author and A.V. Lebedev is enhanced, so that it applies to arbitrary mappings (not necessarily with open range). It is based on calculating the maximal ideal space of C*-algebras that extends endomorphisms to partial automorphisms via partial isometric representations, and involves a new set of 'parameters' (the role of parameters is played by chosen sets or ideals). As model examples, we give a thorough description of reversible extensions of logistic maps and a classification of systems associated with compression of unitaries generating homeomorphisms of the circle. Bibliography: 34 titles.

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 102.5MHz Survey (Dagkesamanskii+, 2000)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dagkesamanskii, R. D.; Samodurov, V. A.; Lapaev, K. A.

    2000-08-01

    The results of observations on the Large Phased Array of the Lebedev Physical Institute made as part of a survey of northern sky at 102.5 MHz are reported. Survey source lists for declination ranges 27.5-33.5 deg. and 67.5-70.5 deg. are given, together with their coordinates, flux densities and identifications with 4C objects. In total, there are 920 sources with flux densities S(102.5)>=3.0 Jy in the two zones, which cover over 0.73 steradians. (2 data files).

  10. Controlling plasma channels through ultrashort laser pulse filamentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ionin, Andrey A.; Seleznev, Leonid V.; Sunchugasheva, Elena S.

    2013-10-01

    A review of studies fulfilled at the Lebedev Institute in collaboration with the Moscow State University and Institute of Atmospheric Optics in Tomsk (Siberia) on influence of various characteristics of ultrashort laser pulse on plasma channels formed under its filamentation is presented. Filamentation of high-power laser pulses with wavefront controlled by a deformable mirror, with cross-sections spatially formed by various diaphragms and with different wavelengths was experimentally and numerically studied. An application of plasma channels formed due to filamentation of ultrashort laser pulse including a train of such pulses for triggering and guiding electric discharge is discussed.

  11. C*-algebras associated with reversible extensions of logistic maps

    SciTech Connect

    Kwasniewski, Bartosz K

    2012-10-31

    The construction of reversible extensions of dynamical systems presented in a previous paper by the author and A.V. Lebedev is enhanced, so that it applies to arbitrary mappings (not necessarily with open range). It is based on calculating the maximal ideal space of C*-algebras that extends endomorphisms to partial automorphisms via partial isometric representations, and involves a new set of 'parameters' (the role of parameters is played by chosen sets or ideals). As model examples, we give a thorough description of reversible extensions of logistic maps and a classification of systems associated with compression of unitaries generating homeomorphisms of the circle. Bibliography: 34 titles.

  12. Thermal decomposition of polystyrene in the high temperature fabrication technology of hollow microspheres. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    Dorogotovtsev, V.M.; Akunets, A.A.; Merkuliev, Y.A.; Turivnoy, A.P.; Reibold, R.; Fearon, E.; Cook, R.

    1997-03-26

    The degree and nature of polymer degradation that occurs in the high temperature microshell formation process developed at the Lebedev Physical Institute has been examined experimentally. We find that significant mass degradation occurs during the final stages of shell formation. This manifests itself both in terms of mass loss and molecular weight degradation as measured by gel permeation chromatography. This decrease in the molecular weight may be in part responsible for the relatively fragile nature of the shells produced by this high temperature process. 9 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of X-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15-80 Å

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexandrov, Yu. M.; Eidmann, K.; Fedin, D. A.; Fedorchuk, R. V.; Koshevoi, M. O.; Murashova, V. A.; Rupasov, A. A.; Shikanov, A. S.; Shpol'sky, M. R.; Yakimenko, M. N.

    1991-10-01

    An investigation of the sensitometric characteristics of X-ray films RAR 2497, SB-2, 101-01 (Kodak), D-7 (Agfa-Gevaert) and UFSh-0 (GNIIKhFP) has been carried out. These films are widely used in scientific research with different types of X-ray sources. The investigation was realized with the aid of a transmission grating spectrograph. An S-60 electron accelerator (P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute) was used as the source of X-ray radiation. The characteristic curves for different wavelengths (within the mentioned range) are presented, as well as the spectral dependences of absolute sensitivity and contrast for the tested films.

  14. Grazing-incidence cylindric mirror with multiple reflection for the soft X-ray spectral range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexandrov, Yu. M.; Fedin, D. A.; Fedorchuk, R. V.; Koshevoi, M. O.; Kozhevnikov, I. V.; Murashova, V. A.; Pisarzyk, T.; Rupasov, A. A.; Shikanov, A. S.; Yakimenko, M. N.; Vinogradov, A. V.

    1991-10-01

    New possibilities of the SR beam control are opened with the use of grazing incidence elements based on the "whispering gallery" effect. Experimental investigations of such an X-ray optical element have been performed on the S-60 synchrotron at the Lebedev Institute. By using the absolute spectral characteristics of the X-ray photofilm RAR 2497 (Kodak) and the SR spectral shape we have determined the output-angle integral spectral coefficient of reflection of the studied mirror. A high value of the reflection coefficient makes it possible to use such an X-ray optical element as the effective reflector for soft X-ray beams.

  15. TESIS experiment on XUV imaging spectroscopy of the Sun onboard the CORONAS-PHOTON satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuzin, S. V.; Zhitnik, I. A.; Bogachev, S. A.; Shestov, S. V.; Bugaenko, O. I.; Suhodrev, N. K.; Pertsov, A. A.; Mitrofanov, A. V.; Ignat'ev, A. P.; Slemzin, V. A.

    We present a brief description of new complex of space telescopes and spectrographs, TESIS, which will be placed aboard the CORONAS-PHOTON satellite. The complex is intended for high-resolution imaging observation of full Sun in the coronal spectral lines and in the spectral lines of the solar transition region. TESIS will be launched at the end of 2007 - early of 2008. About 25 % of the daily TESIS images will be free for use and for downloading from the TESIS data center that is planned to open 2 months before the TESIS launching at http://www.tesis.lebedev.ru

  16. Fourth International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Han, D. (Editor); Peng, Kunchi (Editor); Kim, Y. S. (Editor); Manko, V. I. (Editor)

    1996-01-01

    The fourth International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations was held at Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China, on June 5 - 9, 1995. This conference was jointly organized by Shanxi University, the University of Maryland (U.S.A.), and the Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia). The first meeting of this series was called the Workshop on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations, and was held in 1991 at College Park, Maryland. The second and third meetings in this series were hosted in 1992 by the Lebedev Institute in Moscow, and in 1993 by the University of Maryland Baltimore County, respectively. The scientific purpose of this series was initially to discuss squeezed states of light, but in recent years, the scope is becoming broad enough to include studies of uncertainty relations and squeeze transformations in all branches of physics, including, of course, quantum optics and foundations of quantum mechanics. Quantum optics will continue playing the pivotal role in the future, but the future meetings will include all branches of physics where squeeze transformations are basic transformation. This transition took place at the fourth meeting of this series held at Shanxi University in 1995. The fifth meeting in this series will be held in Budapest (Hungary) in 1997, and the principal organizer will be Jozsef Janszky of the Laboratory of Crystal Physics, P.O. Box 132, H-1052. Budapest, Hungary.

  17. Modern problems in the physical sciences (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 23 November 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2012-07-01

    On 23 November 2011, the scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Ionin A A (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "High-power infrared and ultraviolet lasers and their applications"; (2) Romanovskii M Yu (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Laser-induced acceleration of the forbidden captures of orbital electrons by nuclei"; (3) Petrukovich A A (Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Earth's magnetosphere as a plasma laboratory"; (4) Shchur L N (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow region) "Computational physics and the verification of theoretical predictions". Articles written on the base of oral reports 1, 2, and 4 are published below. • High-power IR- and UV-laser systems and their applications, A A Ionin Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 7, Pages 721-728 • Laser radiation enhancement of forbidden orbital electron captures and of neutrinoless double electron captures by nuclei, M Yu Romanovskii Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 7, Pages 728-733 • Computational physics and testing theoretical predictions, L N Shchur Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 7, Pages 733-738

  18. Physiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in biofilms as revealed by transcriptome analysis

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Transcriptome analysis was applied to characterize the physiological activities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa grown for three days in drip-flow biofilm reactors. Conventional applications of transcriptional profiling often compare two paired data sets that differ in a single experimentally controlled variable. In contrast this study obtained the transcriptome of a single biofilm state, ranked transcript signals to make the priorities of the population manifest, and compared ranki ngs for a priori identified physiological marker genes between the biofilm and published data sets. Results Biofilms tolerated exposure to antibiotics, harbored steep oxygen concentration gradients, and exhibited stratified and heterogeneous spatial patterns of protein synthetic activity. Transcriptional profiling was performed and the signal intensity of each transcript was ranked to gain insight into the physiological state of the biofilm population. Similar rankings were obtained from data sets published in the GEO database http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo. By comparing the rank of genes selected as markers for particular physiological activities between the biofilm and comparator data sets, it was possible to infer qualitative features of the physiological state of the biofilm bacteria. These biofilms appeared, from their transcriptome, to be glucose nourished, iron replete, oxygen limited, and growing slowly or exhibiting stationary phase character. Genes associated with elaboration of type IV pili were strongly expressed in the biofilm. The biofilm population did not indicate oxidative stress, homoserine lactone mediated quorum sensing, or activation of efflux pumps. Using correlations with transcript ranks, the average specific growth rate of biofilm cells was estimated to be 0.08 h-1. Conclusions Collectively these data underscore the oxygen-limited, slow-growing nature of the biofilm population and are consistent with antimicrobial tolerance due to low metabolic activity

  19. Surface-wave tomography of Ireland and surroundings using ambient noise and teleseismic data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonadio, Raffaele; Arroucau, Pierre; Lebedev, Sergei; Meier, Thomas; Schaeffer, Andrew; Licciardi, Andrea; Piana Agostinetti, Nicola

    2016-04-01

    Ireland's geology is dominated by northeast-southwest structural trends and suture zones, mostly inferred from geological mapping and a few active source seismic experiments. However, their geometry and extent at depth and their continuity across the Irish Sea are still poorly known. Important questions also remain unanswered regarding the thickness and bulk properties of the sedimentary cover at the regional scale, the deformation and flow of the deep crust during the formation of Ireland, the thickness of Ireland's lithosphere today, and the thermal structure and dynamics of the asthenosphere beneath Ireland. In this work, we take advantage of abundant, newly available broadband data from temporary array deployments and permanent seismic networks in Ireland and Great Britain to produce high-resolution models of seismic velocity structure and anisotropy of the lithosphere. We combine Rayleigh and Love phase velocity measurements from waveform cross-correlation using both ambient noise and teleseismic data in order to produce high-quality dispersion curves for periods ranging from 1 to 300 s. The phase velocity measurement procedures are adapted from Meier et al.[2], Lebedev et al.[1] and Soomro et al.[3] and are automated in order to deal with the large amount of data and ensure consistency and reproducibility. For the nearly 200 stations used in this study, we obtain a very large number of dispersion curves from both ambient noise and teleseimic data. Dispersion measurements are then inverted in a tomographic procedure for surface-wave phase velocity maps in a very broad period range. The maps constrain the 3D seismic-velocity structure of the crust and upper mantle underlying Ireland and the Irish Sea. {9} Lebedev, S., T. Meier, R. D. van der Hilst. Asthenospheric flow and origin of volcanism in the Baikal Rift area, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 249, 415-424, 2006. Meier, T., K. Dietrich, B. Stockhert, H.P. Harjes, One-dimensional models of shear wave velocity for

  20. Global distribution of azimuthal anisotropy within the lithosphere, asthenosphere, and transition zone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaeffer, Andrew; Lebedev, Sergei

    2015-04-01

    We present our new global, azimuthally anisotropic model of the upper mantle, crust, and transition zone. We compare two versions of this new model, the rough SL2013svAr and smooth SL2013svA, which are constrained by a larger, updated waveform fit dataset (>900, 000 vertical component seismogram fits) than that used in the construction of the isotropic model SL2013sv (Schaeffer and Lebedev, 2013). These two anisotropy models are computed using a more precise regularization of anisotropy, which is tuned to honour the both the amplitude and orientation of the anisotropic terms uniformly, including near the poles. Automated, multimode waveform inversion was used to extract structural information from surface and S wave forms, yielding resolving power from the crust down to the transition zone. Our unprecedentedly large waveform dataset, with complementary high-resolution regional array subsets within larger global networks, produces improved resolution of global azimuthal anisotropy patterns. The model also reveals smaller scale patterns of 3D anisotropy variations related to regional lithospheric deformation and mantle flow, in particular in densely sampled regions. In oceanic regions, we examine the strength of azimuthal anisotropy, as a function of depth, spatial position with respect to the spreading ridge, and deviation in fast axis orientation from the current and fossil spreading directions. Furthermore, we explore correlations between anisotropic tomography models and a new reference frame developed such that the net rotation of spreading ridges is minimized (RNR; Becker et al, 2014). In continental regions, azimuthal anisotropy is more complex. Reconciling complementary observations given by shear wave splitting, surface-wave array analysis, and large-scale, global 3D models offers new insights into the mechanisms of continental deformation and the architecture and evolution of the lithosphere. Finally, quantitative comparisons with other recently published

  1. Ultracold atoms and their applications (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 28 October 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-02-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), "Ultracold atoms and their applications", was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 28 October 2015.The papers collected in this issue were written based on talks given at the session:(1) Vishnyakova G A, Golovizin A A, Kalganova E S, Tregubov D O, Khabarova K Yu (Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow region), Sorokin V N, Sukachev D D, Kolachevsky N N (Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) "Ultracold lanthanides: from optical clock to a quantum simulator"; (2) Barmashova T V, Martiyanov K A, Makhalov V B (Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod), Turlapov A V (Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod; Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod) "Fermi liquid to Bose condensate crossover in a two-dimensional ultracold gas experiment"; (3) Taichenachev A V, Yudin V I, Bagayev S N (Institute of Laser Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk; Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk) "Ultraprecise optical frequency standards based on ultracold atoms: state of the art and prospects"; (4) Ryabtsev I I, Beterov I I, Tretyakov D B, Entin V M, Yakshina E A (Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk; Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk) "Spectroscopy of cold rubidium Rydberg atoms for applications in quantum information". • Ultracold lanthanides: from optical clock to a quantum simulator, G A Vishnyakova, A A Golovizin, E S Kalganova, V N Sorokin, D D Sukachev, D O Tregubov, K Yu Khabarova, N N Kolachevsky Physics-Uspekhi, 2016, Volume 59, Number 2, Pages 168-173 • Fermi liquid-to-Bose condensate crossover in a two

  2. Superconductivity in iron-based compounds (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 29 January 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-08-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), entitled 'Superconductivity in iron-based compounds', was held on 29 January 2014 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The agenda of the session, announced on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division listed the following reports: (1) Eremin I M (Institut für Theoretische Physik III, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Deutschland; Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation) "Antiferromagnetism in iron-based superconductors: interaction of the magnetic, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom"; (2) Korshunov M M (Kirenskii Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnoyarsk) "Superconducting state in iron-based materials and spin-fluctuation pairing theory"; (3) Kuzmicheva T E (Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; Lomonosov Moscow State University) "Andreev spectroscopy of iron-based superconductors: temperature dependence of the order parameters and scaling of Δ_L, S with T_C"; (4) Eltsev Yu F (Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) "Synthesis and study of the magnetic and transport properties of iron-based superconductors of the 122 family". Papers written on the basis of oral presentations 1-4 are published below. • Antiferromagnetism in iron-based superconductors: magnetic order in the model of delocalized electrons, I M Eremin Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 8, Pages 807-813 • Superconducting state in iron-based materials and spin-fluctuation pairing theory, M M Korshunov Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 8, Pages 813-819 • Andreev spectroscopy of iron-based superconductors: temperature dependence of the order parameters and scaling of Δ_L, S with T_C, T E Kuzmicheva, S A Kuzmichev, M G Mikheev, Ya G Ponomarev, S N Tchesnokov, V M Pudalov, E P Khlybov, N D Zhigadlo Physics

  3. CALL FOR PAPERS: Optics and squeeze transformations after Einstein

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Young S.; Man'ko, Margarita A.; Planat, Michel

    2004-12-01

    Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics will publish a special issue in connection with the 9th International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations, to be held in Besançon, France, on 2-6 May 2005. In 2005, the physics community celebrates the 100th anniversary of the publication of Einstein’s theories of relativity and quantum physics. To celebrate these great contributions to physics, the conference will include sessions on Einstein’s influence on modern optics and the foundations of quantum mechanics. Conference participants, as well as other researchers working in the field, are invited to submit research papers to this special issue of the journal. The topics to be covered include: • Superposition principle • Squeezed states • Uncertainty relations • Quantum state generation and characterization • Phase space and group representations in quantum physics • Quantum transforms in signal analysis • Information theory and quantum computing • Quantum interference, decoherence and entanglement measure • Quantum chaos and quantum control • Bell inequalities • Nonstationary Casimir effect • Quantum-like and mesoscopic systems Manuscripts should be submitted by 1 August 2005 as the special issue is scheduled for publication in March 2006. All papers will be peer reviewed and the normal refereeing standards of Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics will be maintained. The Editorial Division of IOP Publishing at the P N Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow will oversee editorial procedures in association with the IOP Publishing office in Bristol. There are no page charges for publication. Submissions should preferably be in either standard LaTeX form or Microsoft Word. Advice on publishing your work in the journal, including specific information on figures, tables and references, may be found at www.iop.org/journals/authors. Manuscripts should be submitted by e-mail to the Guest Editors at IOPP@sci.lebedev

  4. CALL FOR PAPERS: Optics and squeeze transformations after Einstein

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Young S.; Man'ko, Margarita A.; Planat, Michel

    2005-01-01

    Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics will publish a special issue in connection with the 9th International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations, to be held in Besançon, France, on 2-6 May 2005. In 2005, the physics community celebrates the 100th anniversary of the publication of Einstein’s theories of relativity and quantum physics. To celebrate these great contributions to physics, the conference will include sessions on Einstein’s influence on modern optics and the foundations of quantum mechanics. Conference participants, as well as other researchers working in the field, are invited to submit research papers to this special issue of the journal. The topics to be covered include: • Superposition principle • Squeezed states • Uncertainty relations • Quantum state generation and characterization • Phase space and group representations in quantum physics • Quantum transforms in signal analysis • Information theory and quantum computing • Quantum interference, decoherence and entanglement measure • Quantum chaos and quantum control • Bell inequalities • Nonstationary Casimir effect • Quantum-like and mesoscopic systems Manuscripts should be submitted by 1 August 2005 as the special issue is scheduled for publication in March 2006. All papers will be peer reviewed and the normal refereeing standards of Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics will be maintained. The Editorial Division of IOP Publishing at the P N Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow will oversee editorial procedures in association with the IOP Publishing office in Bristol. There are no page charges for publication. Submissions should preferably be in either standard LaTeX form or Microsoft Word. Advice on publishing your work in the journal, including specific information on figures, tables and references, may be found at www.iop.org/journals/authors. Manuscripts should be submitted by e-mail to the Guest Editors at IOPP@sci.lebedev

  5. Parameters of the turbulence of the interplanetary plasma derived from scintillation observations of the quasar 3C 48 at the solar-activity minimum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glubokova, S. K.; Tyul'bashev, S. A.; Chashei, I. V.; Shishov, V. I.

    2013-08-01

    Temporal spectra of interplanetary scintillations of the strong radio source 3C 48 based on 111 MHz observations on the Large Scanning Antenna of the Lebedev Physical Institute obtained near the solar-activity minimum are analyzed. Measurements of the temporal spectrum of the scintillations are used to estimate the angular size of the source, the velocity of inhomogeneities, and the power-law index for the spatial spectrum of the turbulence in the interplanetary plasma. The mean angular size of the source is θ 0 = 0.326″ ± 0.016″, and the mean index for the three-dimensional turbulence spectrum is n = 3.7 ± 0.2. There is some evidence that n decreases in the transition from the fast, high-speed to the slow, low-latitude solar wind.

  6. Controlling Plasma Channels through Ultrashort Laser Pulse Filamentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ionin, Andrey; Seleznev, Leonid; Sunchugasheva, Elena

    2013-09-01

    A review of studies fulfilled at the Lebedev Institute in collaboration with the Moscow State University and Institute of Atmospheric Optics in Tomsk on influence of various characteristics of ultrashort laser pulse on plasma channels formed under its filamentation is presented. Filamentation of high-power laser pulses with wavefront controlled by a deformable mirror, with cross-sections spatially formed by various diaphragms and with different wavelengths was experimentally and numerically studied. An application of plasma channels formed due to filamentation of ultrashort laser pulse including a train of such pulses for triggering and guiding long electric discharges is discussed. The research was supported by RFBR Grants 11-02-12061-ofi-m and 11-02-01100, and EOARD Grant 097007 through ISTC Project 4073 P

  7. SASSIM: a method for calculating small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering and the associated molecular envelope from explicit-atom models of solvated proteins.

    PubMed

    Merzel, Franci; Smith, Jeremy C

    2002-02-01

    A method is presented to calculate efficiently small-angle neutron and X-ray solution scattering intensities from explicit-atom models of macromolecules and the surrounding solvent. The method is based on a multipole expansion of the scattering amplitude. It is particularly appropriate for extensive configurational averaging, as is required for calculations based on computer-simulation results. In test calculations, excellent agreement with experiment is found between neutron and X-ray scattering profiles calculated from a molecular-dynamics simulation of lysozyme in water. The question of definition of the protein surface is also addressed. For comparison with the continuum model, an analytical envelope around the protein is defined in terms of spherical harmonics and is calculated using a Lebedev grid. The analytical surface thus defined is shown to reproduce well the scattering profile calculated from the explicit-atom model of the protein.

  8. The RadioAstron Green Bank Earth Station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ford, H. Alyson; Anderson, Robert; Belousov, Konstantin; Brandt, Joseph J.; Ford, John M.; Kanevsky, Boris; Kovalenko, Anatoly; Kovalev, Yuri Y.; Maddalena, Ronald J.; Sergeev, Sergei; Smirnov, Alexander; Watts, Galen; Weadon, Timothy Lee

    2014-07-01

    We present the design, commissioning, and initial results of the Green Bank Earth Station (GBES), a RadioAstron data downlink station located at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Green Bank, West Virginia. The GBES uses the modernized and refurbished NRAO 140ft telescope. Antenna optics were refurbished with new motors and drives fitted to the secondary mirror positioning system, and the deformable subreflector was refurbished with a new digital controller and new actuators. A new monitor and control system was developed for the 140ft and is based on that of the Green Bank Telescope (GBT), allowing satellite tracking via a simple scheduling block. Tools were developed to automate antenna pointing during tracking. Data from the antenna control systems and logs are retained and delivered with the science and telemetry data for processing at the Astro Space Center (ASC) of the Lebedev Physical Institute (LPI) of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the mission control centre, Lavochkin Association.

  9. X-pinch. Part II

    SciTech Connect

    Pikuz, S. A. Shelkovenko, T. A.; Hammer, D. A.

    2015-06-15

    Results of experimental studies of the X-pinch since its invention and implementation in 1982 at the Lebedev Physical Institute are presented. The review consists of two parts. The first part briefly outlines the history of creation and studies of X-pinches, describes the diagnostic techniques and devices developed during these studies, and presents the main results obtained in studying the physical processes occurring in the X-pinch. The second part is devoted to the results of detailed studies of the spatial, temporal, and spectral characteristics of the X-pinch hot spot—the region where the highest plasma parameters are achieved and which is a source of X-ray emission with extreme parameters. Some results of X-pinch simulations are also presented.

  10. CENTER FOR PULSED POWER DRIVEN HIGH ENERGY DENSITY PLASMA STUDIES

    SciTech Connect

    Professor Bruce R. Kusse; Professor David A. Hammer

    2007-04-18

    This annual report summarizes the activities of the Cornell Center for Pulsed-Power-Driven High-Energy-Density Plasma Studies, for the 12-month period October 1, 2005-September 30, 2006. This period corresponds to the first year of the two-year extension (awarded in October, 2005) to the original 3-year NNSA/DOE Cooperative Agreement with Cornell, DE-FC03-02NA00057. As such, the period covered in this report also corresponds to the fourth year of the (now) 5-year term of the Cooperative Agreement. The participants, in addition to Cornell University, include Imperial College, London (IC), the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), the University of Rochester (UR), the Weizmann Institute of Science (WSI), and the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (LPI), Moscow. A listing of all faculty, technical staff and students, both graduate and undergraduate, who participated in Center research activities during the year in question is given in Appendix A.

  11. Challenges in astrophysics (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 25 January 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2012-09-01

    On 25 January 2012, the scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), entitled as "Challenges in astrophysics", was held at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Stepanov A V (Central (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Coronal seismology";2) Yakovlev D G (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, St. Petersburg St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, St. Petersburg) "Superfluid neutron stars".The papers written on the base of the oral reports are published below. • Coronal seismology, A V Stepanov, V V Zaitsev, V M Nakariakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 9, Pages 929-935 • Superfluid neutron stars, P S Shternin, D G Yakovlev Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 9, Pages 935-941

  12. Tokamaks: from A D Sakharov to the present (the 60-year history of tokamaks)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azizov, E. A.

    2012-02-01

    The paper is prepared on the basis of the report presented at the session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) at the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS on 25 May 2011, devoted to the 90-year jubilee of Academician Andrei D Sakharov - the initiator of controlled nuclear fusion research in the USSR. The 60-year history of plasma research work in toroidal devices with a longitudinal magnetic field suggested by Andrei D Sakharov and Igor E Tamm in 1950 for the confinement of fusion plasma and known at present as tokamaks is described in brief. The recent (2006) agreement among Russia, the EU, the USA, Japan, China, the Republic of Korea, and India on the joint construction of the international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER) in France based on the tokamak concept is discussed. Prospects for using the tokamak as a thermonuclear (14 MeV) neutron source are examined.

  13. High-cadence observations of CME initiation and plasma dynamics in the corona with TESIS on board CORONAS-Photon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bogachev, Sergey; Kuzin, Sergey; Zhitnik, I. A.; Bugaenko, O. I.; Goncharov, A. L.; Ignatyev, A. P.; Krutov, V. V.; Lomkova, V. M.; Mitrofanov, A. V.; Nasonkina, T. P.; Oparin, S. N.; Petzov, A. A.; Shestov, S. V.; Slemzin, V. A.; Soloviev, V. A.; Suhodrev, N. K.; Shergina, T. A.

    The TESIS is an ensemble of space instruments designed in Lebedev Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences for spectroscopic and imaging investigation of the Sun in EUV and soft X-ray spectral range with high spatial, temporal and spectral resolution. From 2009 January, when TESIS was launched onboard the Coronas-Photon satellite, it provided about 200 000 new images and spectra of the Sun, obtained during one of the deepest solar minimum in last century. Because of the wide field of view (4 solar radii) and high sensitivity, TESIS provided high-quality data on the origin and dynamics of eruptive prominences and CMEs in the low and intermediate solar corona. TESIS is also the first EUV instrument which provided high-cadence observations of coronal bright points and solar spicules with temporal resolution of a few seconds. We present first results of TESIS observations and discuss them from a scientific point of view.

  14. Vitaly Ginzburg and high temperature superconductivity: Personal reminiscences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazin, Igor I.

    2008-01-01

    This article is an attempt to give Western readers, as well as young researchers in Russia, a glance at the atmosphere in one of the leading physics institutions in the USSR from 1977-1988, through the eye of a graduate student and later a posdoc in the theory group led by Vitaly Ginzburg, arguably the most enthusiatic proponent of high-temperature superconductivity before the discovery of Bednorz and Muller. This is a very personal narration, wherein the events of my own life and career are inevitably intertwined with scientific events and with my reminiscences of great Russian physicists whom I had the pleasure to meet with while working in the “High-Temperature Superconductivity Section” at the Lebedev Institute within the aforementioned 12 years.

  15. CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA: Nuclear physics, lasers, and medicine(Scientific session of the General Meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 14 December 2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-09-01

    The scientific session of the General Meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the Conference Hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 14 December 2009. The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the web site www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS: (1) Kotov Yu D (National Research Nuclear University 'Moscow Engineering Physics Institute' (MEPhI), Institute of Astrophysics, Moscow) "High-energy solar flare processes and their investigation onboard Russian satellite missions CORONAS"; (2) Pakhlov P N (Russian Federation State Scientific Center 'Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics,' Moscow) "Exotic charmonium"; (3) Shcherbakov I A (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Laser and plasma technologies in medicine"; (4) Balakin V E (Center for Physics and Technology, Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Protvino, Moscow region) "New-generation equipment and technologies for the ray therapy of oncological diseases using a proton beam"; (5) Kravchuk L V (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Development of nuclear physics medicine at the Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS." Papers based on reports 1, 3, and 5 are published below. The expanded content of the report by Pakhlov is presented in review form in Physics-Uspekhi 53 219 (2010). • High-energy solar flare processes and their investigation onboard Russian satellite missions CORONAS, Yu D Kotov Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 6, Pages 619-631 • Laser physics in medicine, I A Shcherbakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 6, Pages 631-635 • Development of nuclear physics medicine at the Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, L V Kravchuk Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 6, Pages 635-639

  16. Global distribution of azimuthal anisotropy within the upper mantle and the crust

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaeffer, Andrew; Lebedev, Sergei

    2014-05-01

    We present our new global, azimuthally anisotropic model of the upper mantle and the crust. We compare two versions of this new model, the rough SL2013svAr and smooth SL2013svA, which are constrained by a larger, updated waveform fit dataset (>900, 000 vertical component seismogram fits) than that used in the construction of the isotropic model SL2013sv (Schaeffer and Lebedev, 2013). These two anisotropy models are computed using a more precise regularization of anisotropy, which is tuned to honour the both the amplitude and orientation of the anisotropic terms uniformly, including near the poles. Automated, multimode waveform inversion was used to extract structural information from surface and S wave forms, yielding resolving power from the crust down to the transition zone. Our unprecedentedly large waveform dataset, with complementary high-resolution regional arrays in additional to global networks, produces improved resolution of global azimuthal anisotropy patterns. The model also reveals smaller scale patterns of 3D anisotropy variations related to regional lithospheric deformation and mantle flow, in particular in densely sampled regions. In oceanic regions, we examine the strength of azimuthal anisotropy, as a function of depth, spatial position with respect to the spreading ridge, and deviation in fast axis orientation from the current and fossil spreading directions. In continental regions, azimuthal anisotropy is more complex. Reconciling complementary observations given by shear wave splitting, surface-wave array analysis, and large-scale, global 3D models offers new insights into the mechanisms of continental deformation and the architecture and evolution of the lithosphere. Finally, quantitative comparisons with other recently published models demonstrate which features are consistently resolved across the different models, and therefore provide a means to estimate the robustness of anisotropic patterns and amplitudes. Reference: Schaeffer, A. J

  17. Chemocatalytic conversion of ethanol into butadiene and other bulk chemicals.

    PubMed

    Angelici, Carlo; Weckhuysen, Bert M; Bruijnincx, Pieter C A

    2013-09-01

    The development of new and improved processes for the synthesis of bio-based chemicals is one of the scientific challenges of our time. These new discoveries are not only important from an environmental point of view, but also represent an important economic opportunity, provided that the developed processes are selective and efficient. Bioethanol is currently produced from renewable resources in large amounts and, in addition to its use as biofuel, holds considerable promise as a building block for the chemical industry. Indeed, further improvements in production, both in terms of efficiency and feedstock selection, will guarantee availability at competitive prices. The conversion of bioethanol into commodity chemicals, in particular direct 'drop-in' replacements is, therefore, becoming increasingly attractive, provided that the appropriate (catalytic) technology is in place. The production of green and renewable 1,3-butadiene is a clear example of this approach. The Lebedev process for the one-step catalytic conversion of ethanol to butadiene has been known since the 1930s and has been applied on an industrial scale to produce synthetic rubber. Later, the availability of low-cost oil made it more convenient to obtain butadiene from petrochemical sources. The desire to produce bulk chemicals in a sustainable way and the availability of low-cost bioethanol in large volumes has, however, resulted in a renaissance of this old butadiene production process. This paper reviews the catalytic aspects associated with the synthesis of butadiene via the Lebedev process, as well as the production of other, mechanistically related bulk chemicals that can be obtained from (bio)ethanol. PMID:23703747

  18. A High-resolution 3D Geodynamical Model of the Present-day India-Asia Collision System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaus, B.; Baumann, T.

    2015-12-01

    We present a high-resolution, 3D geodynamic model of the present-day India-Asia collision system. The model is separated into multiple tectonic blocks, for which we estimate the first order rheological properties and the impact on the dynamics of the collision system. This is done by performing systematic simulations with different rheologies to minimize the misfit to observational constraints such as the GPS-velocity field. The simulations are performed with the parallel staggered grid FD code LaMEM using a numerical resolution of at least 512x512x256 cells to resolve dynamically important shear zones reasonably well. A fundamental part of this study is the reconstruction of the 3D present-day geometry of Tibet and the adjacent regions. Our interpretations of crust and mantle lithosphere geometry are jointly based on a globally available shear wave tomography (Schaeffer and Lebedev, 2013) and the Crust 1.0 model (Laske et al. http://igppweb.ucsd.edu/~gabi/crust1.html). We regionally refined and modified our interpretations based on seismicity distributions and focal mechanisms and incorporated regional receiver function studies to improve the accuracy of the Moho in particular. Results suggest that we can identify at least one "best-fit" solution in terms of rheological model properties that reproduces the observed velocity field reasonably well, including the strong rotation of the GPS velocity around the eastern syntax of the Himalaya. We also present model co-variances to illustrate the trade-offs between the rheological model parameters, their respective uncertainties, and the model fit. Schaeffer, A.J., Lebedev, S., 2013. Global shear speed structure of the upper mantle and transition zone. Geophysical Journal International 194, 417-449. doi:10.1093/gji/ggt095

  19. CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA Commemoration of the 85th birthday of S I Syrovatskii(Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 May 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-12-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division, Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), was held on 26 May 2010 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The session was devoted to the 85th birthday of S I Syrovatskii. The program announced on the web page of the RAS Physical Sciences Division (www.gpad.ac.ru) contained the following reports: (1) Zelenyi L M (Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Current sheets and reconnection in the geomagnetic tail"; (2) Frank A G (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Dynamics of current sheets as the cause of flare events in magnetized plasmas"; (3) Kuznetsov V D (Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere, and Radio Wave Propagation, RAS, Troitsk, Moscow region) "Space research on the Sun"; (4) Somov B V (Shternberg Astronomical Institute, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Strong shock waves and extreme plasma states"; (5) Zybin K P (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Structure functions for developed turbulence"; (6) Ptuskin V S (Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere, and Radio Wave Propagation, RAS, Troitsk, Moscow region) "The origin of cosmic rays." Papers based on reports 1-4 and 6 are published in what follows. • Metastability of current sheets, L M Zelenyi, A V Artemyev, Kh V Malova, A A Petrukovich, R Nakamura Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 9, Pages 933-941 • Dynamics of current sheets underlying flare-type events in magnetized plasmas, A G Frank Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 9, Pages 941-947 • Space research of the Sun, V D Kuznetsov Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 9, Pages 947-954 • Magnetic reconnection in solar flares, B V Somov Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 9, Pages 954-958 • The origin of cosmic rays, V S Ptuskin Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 9, Pages 958-961

  20. Ultrastrong light fields (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 29 October 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-01-01

    On 29 October 2014, the scientific session "Super strong light fields" of the Physical Sciences Division (PSD), Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), was held at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS.The agenda of the session announced on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the PSD RAS contains the reports: (1) Bychenkov V Yu (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Laser acceleration of ions: New results and prospects for applications"; (2) Kostyukov I Yu (Institute of Applied Physics, RAS, Nizhnii Novgorod) "Plasma methods for electron acceleration: the state of the art and outlook"; (3) Zheltikov A M (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Nonlinear optics of mid-IR ultrashort pulses"; (4) Narozhnyi N B, Fedotov A M (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Nuclear Research University, Moscow) "Quantum electrodynamics cascades in intense laser fields."Papers written on the basis of oral presentations 1-4 are published below. • Laser acceleration of ions: recent results and prospects for applications, V Yu Bychenkov, A V Brantov, E A Govras, V F Kovalev Physics-Uspekhi, 2015, Volume 58, Number 1, Pages 71-81 • Plasma-based methods for electron acceleration: current status and prospects, I Yu Kostyukov, A M Pukhov Physics-Uspekhi, 2015, Volume 58, Number 1, Pages 81-88 • Subterawatt femtosecond pulses in the mid-infrared range: new spatiotemporal dynamics of high-power electromagnetic fields, A V Mitrofanov, D A Sidorov-Biryukov, A A Voronin, A Pugžlys, G Andriukaitis, E A Stepanov, S Ališauskas, T Flöri, A B Fedotov, V Ya Panchenko, A Baltuška, A M Zheltikov Physics-Uspekhi, 2015, Volume 58, Number 1, Pages 89-94 • Quantum-electrodynamic cascades in intense laser fields, N B Narozhny, A M Fedotov Physics-Uspekhi, 2015, Volume 58, Number 1, Pages 95-102

  1. 110th anniversary of the birth of P A Cherenkov (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 December 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-05-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held on 17 December 2014 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, devoted to the 110th anniversary of the birth of Academician P A Cherenkov. The agenda posted on the website of the Physical Sciences Division RAS http://www.gpad.ac.ru comprised the following reports: (1) Bashmakov Yu A (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Prehistory of discovery"; (2) Kadmensky S G (Voronezh State University, Voronezh) "Cherenkov radiation as a serendipity phenomenon"; (3) Denisov S P (Russian Federation State Scientific Center 'Institute for High Energy Physics' of National Research Center 'Kurchatov Institute', Protvino, Moscow region) "Use of Cherenkov counters in accelerator experiments"; (4) Petrukhin A A (National Research Nuclear University 'MEPhI', Moscow) "Cherenkov NEVOD water detector"; (5) Dremin I M (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Cherenkov radiation from gluons in a nuclear medium"; (6) Domogatsky G V (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Cherenkov detectors for high-energy neutrino astrophysics"; (7) Kravchenko E A (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk) "Cherenkov detectors with aerogel radiators"; (8) Malinovski E I (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Cherenkov total absorption spectrometers for high-energy electrons and photons"; (9) Maltseva Yu I (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk) "Distributed beam loss monitor based on the Cherenkov effect in an optical fiber". Papers based on oral reports 1-4, 6-9 are presented below. Some aspects of report 5 can be found in the review by I M Dremin and A V Leonidov published in 2010 in Physics-Uspekhi (Vol. 53, p. 1123). • Cherenkov radiation: from discovery to RICH, Yu A Bashmakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2015, Volume 58, Number 5, Pages 467-471 • Cherenkov radiation as a serendipitous phenomenon, S G Kadmensky Physics

  2. CALL FOR PAPERS: Topical issue on the nonstationary Casimir effect and quantum systems with moving boundaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barton, Gabriel; Dodonov, Victor V.; Man'ko, Vladimir I.

    2004-05-01

    for publication in March 2005 and the deadline for submission of contributions is 1 August 2004. The Editorial Division of Institute of Physics Publishing at the P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow will oversee editorial procedures in association with the main Publishing Office in Bristol. All contributions will be peer-reviewed in accordance with the normal refereeing procedures and standards of Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics. Submissions should preferably be in either standard LaTeX form or Microsoft Word. Advice on publishing your work in the journal may be found at www.iop.org/journals/authors/jopb. There are no page charges for publication. Contributions to the topical issue, quoting `Topical Issue/NCE', should be submitted by e-mail to IOPP@sci.lebedev.ru or as hard copy (enclosing the electronic code) to IOPP Division, P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninskii Prospect 53, Moscow 119991 Russia.

  3. Celebrating 50 years of the laser (Scientific session of the general meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 13 December 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-08-01

    A scientific session of the general meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the creation of lasers was held in the Conference Hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 13 December 2010. The agenda of the session announced on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division listed the following reports: (1) Matveev V A, Bagaev S N Opening speech; (2) Bratman V L, Litvak A G, Suvorov E V (Institute of Applied Physics, RAS, Nizhny Novgorod) "Mastering the terahertz domain: sources and applications"; (3) Balykin V I (Institute of Spectroscopy, RAS, Troitsk, Moscow region) "Ultracold atoms and atom optics"; (4) Ledentsov N N (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "New-generation surface-emitting lasers as the key element of the computer communication era"; (5) Krasil'nik Z F (Institute for the Physics of Microstructures, RAS, Nizhny Novgorod) "Lasers for silicon optoelectronics"; (6) Shalagin A M (Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch, RAS, Novosibirsk) "High-power diode-pumped alkali metal vapor lasers"; (7) Kul'chin Yu N (Institute for Automation and Control Processes, Far Eastern Branch, RAS, Vladivostok) "Photonics of self-organizing biomineral nanostructures"; (8) Kolachevsky N N (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Laser cooling of rare-earth atoms and precision measurements". The papers written on the basis of reports 2-4, 7, and 8 are published below.Because the paper based on report 6 was received by the Editors late, it will be published in the October issue of Physics-Uspekhi together with the material related to the Scientific Session of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS, of 22 December 2010. • Mastering the terahertz domain: sources and applications, V L Bratman, A G Litvak, E V Suvorov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 8, Pages 837-844 • Ultracold atoms and atomic optics, V I Balykin Physics

  4. Econophysics and evolutionary economics (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2 November 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-07-01

    The scientific session "Econophysics and evolutionary economics" of the Division of Physical Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) took place on 2 November 2010 in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. The session agenda announced on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division listed the following reports: (1) Maevsky V I (Institute of Economics, RAS, Moscow) "The transition from simple reproduction to economic growth"; (2) Yudanov A Yu (Financial University of the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow) "Experimental data on the development of fast-growing innovative companies in Russia"; (3) Pospelov I G (Dorodnitsyn Computation Center, RAS, Moscow) "Why is it sometimes possible to successfully model an economy? (4) Chernyavskii D S (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Theoretical economics"; (5) Romanovskii M Yu (Prokhorov Institute of General Physics, RAS, Moscow) "Nonclassical random walks and the phenomenology of fluctuations of the yield of securities in the securities market"; (6) Dubovikov M M, Starchenko N V (INTRAST Management Company, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow) "Fractal analysis of financial time series and the prediction problem"; Papers written on the basis of these reports are published below. • The transition from simple reproduction to economic growth, V I Maevsky, S Yu Malkov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 7, Pages 729-733 • High-growth firms in Russia: experimental data and prospects for the econophysical simulation of economic modernization, A Yu Yudanov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 7, Pages 733-737 • Equilibrium models of economics in the period of a global financial crisis, I G Pospelov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 7, Pages 738-742 • On econophysics and its place in modern theoretical economics, D S Chernavskii, N I Starkov, S Yu Malkov, Yu V Kosse, A V Shcherbakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume

  5. Periodic boundary conditions for QM/MM calculations: Ewald summation for extended Gaussian basis sets

    SciTech Connect

    Holden, Zachary C.; Richard, Ryan M.; Herbert, John M.

    2013-12-28

    An implementation of Ewald summation for use in mixed quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) calculations is presented, which builds upon previous work by others that was limited to semi-empirical electronic structure for the QM region. Unlike previous work, our implementation describes the wave function's periodic images using “ChElPG” atomic charges, which are determined by fitting to the QM electrostatic potential evaluated on a real-space grid. This implementation is stable even for large Gaussian basis sets with diffuse exponents, and is thus appropriate when the QM region is described by a correlated wave function. Derivatives of the ChElPG charges with respect to the QM density matrix are a potentially serious bottleneck in this approach, so we introduce a ChElPG algorithm based on atom-centered Lebedev grids. The ChElPG charges thus obtained exhibit good rotational invariance even for sparse grids, enabling significant cost savings. Detailed analysis of the optimal choice of user-selected Ewald parameters, as well as timing breakdowns, is presented.

  6. Analytical tools in accelerator physics

    SciTech Connect

    Litvinenko, V.N.

    2010-09-01

    This paper is a sub-set of my lectures presented in the Accelerator Physics course (USPAS, Santa Rosa, California, January 14-25, 2008). It is based on my notes I wrote during period from 1976 to 1979 in Novosibirsk. Only few copies (in Russian) were distributed to my colleagues in Novosibirsk Institute of Nuclear Physics. The goal of these notes is a complete description starting from the arbitrary reference orbit, explicit expressions for 4-potential and accelerator Hamiltonian and finishing with parameterization with action and angle variables. To a large degree follow logic developed in Theory of Cyclic Particle Accelerators by A.A.Kolmensky and A.N.Lebedev [Kolomensky], but going beyond the book in a number of directions. One of unusual feature is these notes use of matrix function and Sylvester formula for calculating matrices of arbitrary elements. Teaching the USPAS course motivated me to translate significant part of my notes into the English. I also included some introductory materials following Classical Theory of Fields by L.D. Landau and E.M. Liftsitz [Landau]. A large number of short notes covering various techniques are placed in the Appendices.

  7. Demonstration of Flying Mirror with Improved Efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Pirozhkov, Alexander S.; Kando, Masaki; Fukuda, Yuji; Chen Liming; Daito, Izuru; Ogura, Koichi; Homma, Takayuki; Hayashi, Yukio; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Sagisaka, Akito; Mori, Michiaki; Koga, James K.; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Okada, Hajime; Kawase, Keigo; Kameshima, Takashi; Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Kimura, Toyoaki; Tajima, Toshiki

    2009-07-25

    A strongly nonlinear wake wave driven by an intense laser pulse can act as a partially reflecting relativistic mirror (the flying mirror)[S. V. Bulanov, et al., Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute, No. 6, 9 (1991); S. V. Bulanov, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 085001 (2003)]. Upon reflection from such mirror, a counter-propagating optical-frequency laser pulse is directly converted into high-frequency radiation, with a frequency multiplication factor approx4gamma{sup 2}(the double Doppler effect). We present the results of recent experiment in which the photon number in the reflected radiation was at least several thousand times larger than in our proof-of-principle experiment [M. Kando, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135001 (2007); A. S. Pirozhkov, et al., Phys. Plasmas 14, 123106 (2007)]. The flying mirror holds promise of generating intense coherent ultrashort XUV and x-ray pulses that inherit their temporal shape and polarization from the original optical-frequency (laser) pulses. Furthermore, the reflected radiation bears important information about the reflecting wake wave itself, which can be used for its diagnostics.

  8. Petrology and Geochemistry of Quaternary Mafic Volcanism in the Northern of Lake Van, Eastern Anatolia Collision Zone, Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oyan, Vural; Keskin, Mehmet; Ünal, Esin; Sharkov, Evgenii V.

    2013-04-01

    Quaternary mafic lavas in the north of Lake Van erupted not only from eruption center like Girekol miniature shield volcano but also from N-S (Yüksektepe volcanic field) and E-W (Ormuktepe volcanic field) extending extensional fractures. Literature K/Ar dates (Lebedev et al., 2010) indicate that the basaltic and hawaiitic lavas erupted in a period between 1.08 and 0.36 Ma. These lavas are composed of olivine, plagioclase, augite and titanoaugite crystals and display porphyritic to aphyric textures. Major oxide, trace element and isotopic characteristics of the Quaternary lavas indicate that hawaiitic lavas are the fractionated derivates of a primitive alkali basaltic magma via fractional crystallization combined with assimilation process. Results of our AFC and EC-AFC models imply that alkali basaltic lavas assimilated negligible crustal material (~2%) in contrast to the hawaiitic lavas that experienced crustal contamination between 3% and 10%. LIL and LRE elements of the most primitive lavas display enrichments relative to HFS elements on N- MORB-normalized spidergrams while their lead isotopic ratios exhibit trends heading towards the EM2 type mantle, implying the importance of a distinct subduction component in the source. To evaluate partial melting processes in mantle source region of the Quaternary mafic volcanism, we conducted partial melting models. Results of our models suggest the presence of both garnet and spinel peridotite as the sources material with a partial melting degree ~5 % and mixing of the derivative melts from them in the genesis of the mafic alkaline lavas.

  9. Some features of the vertical ozone distribution from millimeter wave measurements at Pushchino and Onsala observatories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solomonov, S. V.; Kropotkina, E. P.; Lukin, A. N.; Ponomarenko, N. I.; Rozanov, S. B.; Ellder, J.

    1994-01-01

    A number of features of the stratospheric ozone distribution were revealed by joint millimeterwave observations of ozone emission lines at 142,175 and 110,836 GHz carried out during the winter periods of 1988-1989 and 1989-1990 at the Radioastronomical Observatory of the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and at the Onsala Space Observatory of Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. It is shown that vertical ozone variations observed at the two observatories were connected with large scale dynamical processes that occurred in the stratosphere. When the stratosphere was relatively undisturbed the ozone profiles obtained at both observatories were close to the ozone reference model given by Keating and Pitts. There were periods during a stratospheric warming when the ozone content measured at the two observatories in the 25-40 km altitude range was higher by a factor ~ 1.5 than the model values. Dynamical processes in the stratosphere also gave rise to rapid (4 h duration) and large deviations from the model ozone profile. An ozone layer depletion was observed in the 27-55 km altitude range. The observed ozone variations illustrate the sensitivity of the ozone distribution to stratospheric disturbances including stratospheric warmings.

  10. FFAGs: Front-end for neutrino factories and medical accelerators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mori, Yoshiharu

    The idea of Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) accelerator was originated by different people and groups in the early 1950s. It was independently introduced by Ohkawa [Ohkawa (1953)], Symon et al. [Symon et al. (1956)], and Kolomensky [Kolomensky and Lebedev (1966)] when the strong Alternate Gradient (AG) focusing and the phase stability schemes were applied to particle acceleration. The first FFAG electron model was developed in the MURA accelerator project led by Kerst and Cole in the late 1950s. Since then, they have fabricated several electron models in the early 1960s [Symon et al. (1956)]. However, the studies did not lead to a single practical FFAG accelerator for the following 50 years. Because of the difficulties of treating non-linear magnetic field and RF acceleration for non-relativistic particles, the proton FFAG, especially, was not accomplished until recently. In 2000, the FFAG concept was revived with the world's first proton FFAG (POP) which was developed at KEK [Aiba (2000); Mori (1999)]. Since then, in many places [Berg (2004); Johnstone et al. (2004); Mori (2011); Ruggiero (2004); Trbojevic (2004)], FFAGs have been developed and constructed...

  11. Data Processing Center of Radioastron Project: 3 years of operation.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shatskaya, Marina

    ASC DATA PROCESSING CENTER (DPC) of Radioastron Project is a fail-safe complex centralized system of interconnected software/ hardware components along with organizational procedures. Tasks facing of the scientific data processing center are organization of service information exchange, collection of scientific data, storage of all of scientific data, data science oriented processing. DPC takes part in the informational exchange with two tracking stations in Pushchino (Russia) and Green Bank (USA), about 30 ground telescopes, ballistic center, tracking headquarters and session scheduling center. Enormous flows of information go to Astro Space Center. For the inquiring of enormous data volumes we develop specialized network infrastructure, Internet channels and storage. The computer complex has been designed at the Astro Space Center (ASC) of Lebedev Physical Institute and includes: - 800 TB on-line storage, - 2000 TB hard drive archive, - backup system on magnetic tapes (2000 TB); - 24 TB redundant storage at Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory; - Web and FTP servers, - DPC management and data transmission networks. The structure and functions of ASC Data Processing Center are fully adequate to the data processing requirements of the Radioastron Mission and has been successfully confirmed during Fringe Search, Early Science Program and first year of Key Science Program.

  12. Statistics of polymer extensions in turbulent channel flow.

    PubMed

    Bagheri, Faranggis; Mitra, Dhrubaditya; Perlekar, Prasad; Brandt, Luca

    2012-11-01

    We present direct numerical simulations of turbulent channel flow with passive Lagrangian polymers. To understand the polymer behavior we investigate the behavior of infinitesimal line elements and calculate the probability distribution function (PDF) of finite-time Lyapunov exponents and from them the corresponding Cramer's function for the channel flow. We study the statistics of polymer elongation for both the Oldroyd-B model (for Weissenberg number Wi<1) and the FENE model. We use the location of the minima of the Cramer's function to define the Weissenberg number precisely such that we observe coil-stretch transition at Wi ≈1. We find agreement with earlier analytical predictions for PDF of polymer extensions made by Balkovsky, Fouxon, and Lebedev [Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4765 (2000)] for linear polymers (Oldroyd-B model) with Wi <1 and by Chertkov [Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4761 (2000)] for nonlinear FENE-P model of polymers. For Wi >1 (FENE model) the polymer are significantly more stretched near the wall than at the center of the channel where the flow is closer to homogenous isotropic turbulence. Furthermore near the wall the polymers show a strong tendency to orient along the streamwise direction of the flow, but near the center line the statistics of orientation of the polymers is consistent with analogous results obtained recently in homogeneous and isotropic flows.

  13. Investigation of the white light coronal structure during the total solar eclipse on March 29, 2006

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoeva, P.; Stoev, A.; Kuzin, S.; Shopov, Y.; Kiskinova, N.; Stoyanov, N.; Pertsov, A.

    2008-02-01

    Results from photographic observations of the white light solar corona conducted during the total phase of the total solar eclipse on March 29, 2006 in Manavgat, Turkey are shown in this work. Spectroscopic study of the green 530.3 nm line of Fe XIV in the corona of the Sun has also been made. The spectrograph was designed by specialists from the STIL-BAS "Acad. D. Mishev", Stara Zagora Department, Bulgaria; the Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia; and the Yuri Gagarin Public Astronomical Observatory, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria. It has been found that the axis of symmetry of the "helmet"-type streamers is tilted towards the solar equator and the deviations from a radial direction in the western hemisphere are greater than those in the eastern one (21°/8°). The solar corona flattening is [epsilon]=0.098, which corresponds to an intermediate (before the minimum) type of corona. We have obtained that the solar cycle phase is [Phi]=0.17 for the 2006 TSE. White light corona is asymmetric, in contrast to solar corona observed during the August 11, 1999 total solar eclipse.

  14. Copper vapor laser prospects in glaucoma treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nesterov, Arcady P.; Novoderezhkin, Vladimir I.; Egorov, Alexey E.; Shaban, Naim; Ponomarev, Igor V.

    1996-05-01

    New advances of copper vapor laser (CVL-laser) have been studied. Two wavelength radiation of the laser (511 nm and 578 nm) gives deeper permeability into organic tissues. Besides, the short pulse prevents the warm relaxation of small vessels. The technical data of CVL-laser: operating regime -- pulse, pulse duration -- 20 ns, pulse frequency 15000 pulse/sec. The shutter works in intervals from 0.05 to 2.0 sec. The power varies in accordance with wavelength: 511 nm (green) -- 1.5 W, 578 nm (yellow) -- 1, 2 W. The diameter of coagulate may be different: 100, 150, 400, 1000 mkm. We chose CVL-laser 'Femta,' created by P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS, for ophthalmological use. Thirty eight eyes of 37 patients with different types and stages of glaucoma were studied and treated with CVL-laser. The operations of photomydriasis, gonioplasty and trabeculoplasty have been performed. CVL- laser demonstrated efficient application in treatment of interior eye segment of glaucoma patients. The advantages and disadvantages of the CVL-laser application in glaucoma surgery were discussed.

  15. Honoring the 90th birthday of Academician I M Khalatnikov (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 21 October 2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamenshchik, Aleksandr Yu; Pokrovsky, Valery L.; Khriplovich, Iosif B.

    2010-06-01

    21 October 2009, in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, a scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division was held honoring the 90th birthday of Academician I M Khalatnikov. The following talks were given at the session: (1) Andreev A F (Kapitza Institute of Physical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) "Momentum deficit in quantum glasses" (2) Kamenshchik A Yu (Dipartimento di Fisica and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bologna, Italy; Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, Moscow) "The problem of singularities and chaos in cosmology" (3) Pokrovsky V L (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, RAS, Moscow; Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, USA) "I M Khalatnikov's works on scattering of high-energy particles" (4) Khriplovich I B (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk) "Screening and antiscreening of charge in gauge theories." Brief versions of talks 2-4 are given below. • The problem of singularities and chaos in cosmology, A Yu Kamenshchik Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 3, Pages 301-309 • Above the barriers (I M Khalatnikov's works on the scattering of high-energy particles), V L Pokrovsky Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 3, Pages 309-314 • Screening and antiscreening of charge in gauge theories, I B Khriplovich Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 3, Pages 315-316

  16. Results of IPS Observations in the Period Near Solar Activity Minimum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chashei, I. V.; Shishov, V. I.; Tyul'bashev, S. A.; Subaev, I. A.; Oreshko, V. V.

    2013-07-01

    IPS observations with the Big Scanning Array of Lebedev Physical Institute (BSA LPI) radio telescope at the frequency 111 MHz have been monitored since 2006. All the sources, about several hundred daily, with a scintillating flux greater than 0.2 Jy are recorded for 24 hours in the 16 beams of the radio telescope covering a sky strip of 8∘ declination width. We present some results of IPS observations for the recent period of low solar activity considering a statistical ensemble of scintillating radio sources. The dependences of the averaged over ensemble scintillation index on heliocentric distance are considerably weaker than the dependence expected for a spherically symmetric geometry. The difference is especially pronounced in the year 2008 during the very deep solar activity minimum period. These features are explained by the influence of the heliospheric current sheet that is seen as a strong concentration of turbulent solar wind plasma aligned with the solar equatorial plane. A local maximum of the scintillation index is found in the anti-solar direction. Future prospects of IPS observations using BSA LPI are briefly discussed.

  17. Commemoration of the centenary of the birth of Academician V V Migulin (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 28 September 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2012-03-01

    The scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) commemorating the 100th anniversary of the birthday of Academician V V Migulin was held on September 28, 2011 at the conference hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute of the RAS. The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Gulyaev Yu V (V A Kotel'nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics, RAS, Moscow) "Radiophysical methods in biomedical research"; (2) Vyatchanin S P (M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Parametric oscillatory instability in laser gravitational antennas"; (3) Kuznetsov V D (N V Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation, RAS, Troitsk, Moscow region) "Solar-terrestrial physics and its applications". The opening address and articles written on the base of the oral reports 2 and 3 are published below. • Opening address, Yu V Gulyaev Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 3, Pages 301-302 • Parametric oscillatory instability in laser gravitational antennas, S P Vyatchanin Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 3, Pages 302-305 • Solar-terrestrial physics and its applications, V D Kuznetsov Physics-Uspekhi, 2012, Volume 55, Number 3, Pages 305-314

  18. Properties of index transforms in modeling of nanostructures and plasmonic systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Passian, A.; Koucheckian, S.; Yakubovich, S. B.; Thundat, T.

    2010-02-01

    In material structures with nanometer scale curvature or dimensions, electrons may be excited to oscillate in confined spaces. The consequence of such geometric confinement is of great importance in nano-optics and plasmonics. Furthermore, the geometric complexity of the probe-substrate/sample assemblies of many scanning probe microscopy experiments often poses a challenging modeling problem due to the high curvature of the probe apex or sample surface protrusions and indentations. Index transforms such as Mehler-Fock and Kontorovich-Lebedev, where integration occurs over the index of the function rather than over the argument, prove useful in solving the resulting differential equations when modeling optical or electronic response of such problems. By considering the scalar potential distribution of a charged probe in the presence of a dielectric substrate, we discuss certain implications and criteria of the index transform and prove the existence and the inversion theorems for the Mehler-Fock transform of the order m ɛN0. The probe charged to a potential V0, measured at the apex, is modeled, in the noncontact case, as a one-sheeted hyperboloid of revolution, and in the contact case or in the limit of a very sharp probe, as a cone. Using the Mehler-Fock integral transform in the first case, and the Fourier integral transform in the second, we discuss the necessary conditions imposed on the potential distribution on the probe surface.

  19. Astrophysics and astronomy (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 January 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-10-01

    An Astrophysics and Astronomy scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the Conference Hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 26 January 2011. The following reports were put on the session's agenda posted on the web site www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS: (1) Cherepashchuk A M (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Moscow) "Investigation of X-ray sources"; (2) Shustov B M (Institute of Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) "Asteroid and comet hazards: physical and other aspects"; (3) Sazhin M V (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Moscow) "Search for cosmic strings"; (4) Zakharov A F (Russian Federation State Scientific Center 'A I Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics', Moscow) "Exoplanet search using gravitational microlensing". Papers written on the basis of the reports are published below. • Optical investigations of X-ray binary systems, A M Cherepashchuk Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 10, Pages 1061-1067 • Asteroid and comet hazards: the role of physical sciences in solving the problem, B M Shustov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 10, Pages 1068-1071 • Search for cosmic strings using optical and radio astronomy methods, O S Sazhina, M V Sazhin, M Capaccioli, G Longo Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 10, Pages 1072-1077 • Search for exoplanets using gravitational microlensing, A F Zakharov Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 10, Pages 1077-1084

  20. A little something from physics for medicine (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 23 April 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-12-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), entitled "A little something from physics for medicine", was held on 23 April 2014 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The agenda posted on the website of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS, http://www.gpad.ac.ru, included the following reports: (1) Rumyantsev S A (D Rogachev Federal Research and Clinical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Immunology, Moscow) "Translational medicine as a basis of progress in hematology/oncology"; (2) Akulinichev S V (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Promising nuclear medicine research at the INR, RAS"; (3) Nikitin P P (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Biosensorics: new possibilities provided by marker-free optical methods and magnetic nanoparticles for medical diagnostics"; (4) Alimpiev S S, Nikiforov S M, Grechnikov A A (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "New approaches in laser mass-spectrometry of organic objects". The publication of the article based on the oral report No. 2 is presented below. • Promising nuclear medicine research in the Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, V V Akulinichev Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 12, Pages 1239-1243

  1. Properties of Index Transforms in Modeling of Nanostructures and Plasmonic Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Passian, Ali

    2010-01-01

    In material structures with nanometer scale curvature or dimensions electrons may be excited to oscillate in confined spaces. The consequence of such geometric confinement is of great importance in nano-optics and plasmonics. Furthermore, the geometric complexity of the probe-substrate/sample assemblies of many scanning probe microscopy experiments often pose a challenging modeling prob- lem due to the high curvature of the probe apex or sample surface protrusions and indentations. Index transforms such as Mehler-Fock and Kontorovich-Lebedev, where integration occurs over the index of the function rather than over the argument, prove useful in solving the resulting differential equations when modeling optical or electronic response of such problems. By considering the scalar potential distribution of a charged probe in presence of a dielectric substrate, we discuss certain implications and criteria of the index transform and prove the existence and the inversion theorems for the Mehler- Fock transform of the order m ∈ N 0 . The probe charged to a potential V0 , measured at the apex, is modeled, in the non-contact case, as a one-sheeted hyperboloid of revolution, and in the contact case or in the limit of a very sharp probe, as a cone. Using the Mehler-Fock integral transform in the first case, and the Fourier integral transform in the second, we discuss the necessary conditions imposed on the potential distribution on the probe surface.

  2. An optimal scheme for numerical evaluation of Eshelby tensors and its implementation in a MATLAB package for simulating the motion of viscous ellipsoids in slow flows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qu, Mengmeng; Jiang, Dazhi; Lu, Lucy X.

    2016-11-01

    To address the multiscale deformation and fabric development in Earth's ductile lithosphere, micromechanics-based self-consistent homogenization is commonly used to obtain macroscale rheological properties from properties of constituent elements. The homogenization is heavily based on the solution of an Eshelby viscous inclusion in a linear viscous medium and the extension of the solution to nonlinear viscous materials. The homogenization requires repeated numerical evaluation of Eshelby tensors for constituent elements and becomes ever more computationally challenging as the elements are deformed to more elongate or flattened shapes. In this paper, we develop an optimal scheme for evaluating Eshelby tensors, using a combination of a product Gaussian quadrature and the Lebedev quadrature. We first establish, through numerical experiments, an empirical relationship between the inclusion shape and the computational time it takes to evaluate its Eshelby tensors. We then use the relationship to develop an optimal scheme for selecting the most efficient quadrature to obtain the Eshelby tensors. The optimal scheme is applicable to general homogenizations. In this paper, it is implemented in a MATLAB package for investigating the evolution of solitary rigid or deformable inclusions and the development of shape preferred orientations in multi-inclusion systems during deformation. The MATLAB package, upgrading an earlier effort written in MathCad, can be downloaded online.

  3. Nonstandard Yukawa couplings and Higgs portal dark matter

    DOE PAGES

    Bishara, Fady; Brod, Joachim; Uttayarat, Patipan; Zupan, Jure

    2016-01-04

    We study the implications of non-standard Higgs Yukawa couplings to light quarks on Higgs-portal dark matter phenomenology. Saturating the present experimental bounds on up-quark, down-quark, or strange-quark Yukawa couplings, the predicted direct dark matter detection scattering rate can increase by up to four orders of magnitude. The effect on the dark matter annihilation cross-section, on the other hand, is subleading unless the dark matter is very light — a scenario that is already excluded by measurements of the Higgs invisible decay width. We investigate the expected size of corrections in multi-Higgs-doublet models with natural flavor conservation, the type-II two-Higgs-doublet model,more » the Giudice-Lebedev model of light quark masses, minimal flavor violation new physics models, Randall-Sundrum, and composite Higgs models. We find that an enhancement in the dark matter scattering rate of an order of magnitude is possible. In conclusion, we point out that a discovery of Higgs-portal dark matter could lead to interesting bounds on the light-quark Yukawa couplings.« less

  4. Free energy of dipolar hard spheres: The virial expansion under the presence of an external magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elfimova, Ekaterina A.; Karavaeva, Tatyana E.; Ivanov, Alexey O.

    2014-12-01

    A method for calculation of the free energy of dipolar hard spheres under the presence of an applied magnetic field is presented. The method is based on the virial expansion in terms of density as well as the dipolar coupling constant λ, and it uses diagram technique. The formulas and the diagrams, needed to calculate the second B2 and third B3 virial coefficients, are derived up to the order of ˜λ3, and compared to the zero-field case. The formula for B2 is the same as in the zero-field case; the formula for B3, however, is different in an applied field, and a derivation is presented. This is a surprising result which is not emphasized in standard texts, but which has been noticed before in the virial expansion for flexible molecules (Caracciolo et al., 2006; Caracciolo et al., 2008). To verify the correctness of the obtained formulas, B2 and B3 were calculated within the accuracy of λ2, which were applied to initial magnetic susceptibility. The obtained expression fully coincides with the well-known theories (Morozov and Lebedev, 1990; Huke and Lücke, 2000; Ivanov and Kuznetsova, 2001), which used different methods to calculate the initial magnetic susceptibility.

  5. Monitoring of space weather and radioactivity using small airborne platforms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrison, R. Giles; Lidgard, Jeffrey; Aplin, Karen L.; Nicoll, Keri A.

    2013-04-01

    Space Weather is increasingly considered as a hazard to society's technological systems, but the effects of energetic particles within the atmosphere - with a potential implication for climate - also present an area in which new scientific knowledge needs to be developed. Routine measurements of energetic particle fluxes made above the surface have been made by the Lebedev Institute, undertaking continuous balloon-carried measurements since 1957. An underexploited measurement opportunity is presented by the conventional weather balloons (radiosondes) launched regularly globally by meteorological services, which could potentially provide a cost-effective alternative to custom balloon flights, as well as the ability to make measurements of particle fluxes at a wide range of latitudes. This work describes the development of a small disposable ionisation sensor, exploiting the well-known response of inexpensive semiconductor devices (e.g. PIN photodiodes) to ionising radiation. Such a Photodiode Radiation Detector (PRD) is particularly suitable for balloon use, as, unlike previous Geiger tube detector systems, only low bias voltages are required, which simplifies the circuitry required, reduces power consumption and entirely removes any high voltage hazard. In addition to providing count rate information, basic energy spectrum information is in principle available from pulse amplitudes generated. We discuss the evaluation and deployment considerations for the use of a PRD on a standard radiosonde platform, to operate within and alongside the existing operational meteorological requirements.

  6. Features of the absorption of 2-to 40-TeV cosmic-ray hadrons in lead

    SciTech Connect

    Sveshnikova, L. G. Yakovlev, V. I.; Turundaevskii, A. N.; Galkin, V. I.; Nazarov, S. I.; Podorozhnyi, D. M.; Popova, N. S.; Roganova, T. M.

    2006-02-15

    For the first time, experimental data on 2-to 40-TeV hadronic cascades recorded by a lead ionization calorimeter at the Tien-Shan mountain station of the Lebedev Institute of Physics (Moscow) are compared with the results of a present-day simulation based on the GEANT 3.21 code and performed with allowance for the detection procedure. The conclusion that along-flying component appears in high-energy hadronic cascades was drawn previously on the basis of these data. Some special features of the procedure for recording TeV-range hadrons in the calorimeter are considered. It is shown that the averaged hadronic cascades and various features of single cascades having energies below 10 TeV are simulated adequately by using the QGSJET + FLUKA generators of nuclear interactions, but that they are not described by using the GHEISHA generator at lower energies. Some features of the experimentally observed cascades could not be described for cascade energies above 10 TeV.

  7. Deformation of compound shells under action of internal shock wave loading

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chernobryvko, Marina; Kruszka, Leopold; Avramov, Konstantin

    2015-09-01

    The compound shells under the action of internal shock wave loading are considered. The compound shell consists of a thin cylindrical shell and two thin parabolic shells at the edges. The boundary conditions in the shells joints satisfy the equality of displacements. The internal shock wave loading is modelled as the surplus pressure surface. This pressure is a function of the shell coordinates and time. The strain rate deformation of compound shell takes place in both the elastic and in plastic stages. In the elastic stage the equations of the structure motions are obtained by the assumed-modes method, which uses the kinetic and potential energies of the cylindrical and two parabolic shells. The dynamic behaviour of compound shells is treated. In local plastic zones the 3-D thermo-elastic-plastic model is used. The deformations are described by nonlinear model. The stress tensor elements are determined using dynamic deformation theory. The deformation properties of materials are influenced by the strain rate behaviour, the influence of temperature parameters, and the elastic-plastic properties of materials. The dynamic yield point of materials and Pisarenko-Lebedev's criterion of destruction are used. The modified adaptive finite differences method of numerical analysis is suggested for those simulations. The accuracy of the numerical simulation is verified on each temporal step of calculation and in the case of large deformation gradients.

  8. Low-temperature magnetic susceptibility of concentrated ferrofluids: The influence of polydispersity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivanov, Alexey O.; Elfimova, Ekaterina A.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we address the question of theoretical explanation of extremely high low-temperature initial magnetic susceptibility of concentrated ferrofluids. These laboratory synthesized samples [A.F. Pshenichnikov, A.V. Lebedev, J. Chem. Phys. 121(11) (2004) 5455; Colloid J. 67(2) (2005) 189] demonstrated the record-breaking values χ ~ 120 - 150 at temperatures ~ 230-240 K. The existing models predict such high susceptibility only under the assumption of unreasonably large dipolar coupling constant, which is out of the range of applicability. Here we calculate the second virial contribution to susceptibility for polydisperse ferrofluid, modeled by the dipolar hard sphere fluid. In the resulting expression there exists the parameter, which plays a part of dipolar coupling constant and which is defined in a form of double averaging of high powers of particle sizes over the granulometric distribution. For real particle size distribution this effective parameter at least twice exceeds the commonly defined polydisperse dipolar coupling constant. We show that the low-temperature magnetic susceptibility of the record-breaking ferrofluids could be explained theoretically on the basis of the first terms of the polydisperse second virial contribution in combination with the second-order modified mean field model.

  9. Study of Explosive Electron Emission from a Pin Cathode Using High Resolution Point-Projection X-Ray Radiography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pikuz, S. A.; Shelkovenko, T. A.; Hammer, D. A.; Parkevich, E. V.; Tilikin, I. N.; Mingaleev, A. R.; Agafonov, A. V.

    2015-11-01

    Most studies of Explosive Electron Emission (EEE) are based on the idea of cathode flares developing after explosion of metal whiskers (micron scale pins) on the cathode surface. The physical state of the pin material, the spatial structure of the explosion and its origin are still a matter of conjecture. In this work we used high-resolution point projection x-ray radiography to observe micron scale pin explosion in a high-current diode. Pin cathodes made from 10-25 micron Cu or Mo wires were placed in gaps in return current circuits of hybrid X-pinches on the XP and BIN pulsers. Pin lengths were varied over a range 1-4 mm and pin-anode gaps within 0.05-3 mm. The diode current and voltage were measured. In experiments with small pin-anode gap (0.1 - 1 mm) development of an expanded dense core of the pin was observed except the pin tip with length 100-200 microns indicating significant energy deposition in the wire material. In experiments with bigger gaps there was no visible wire core expansion within the spatial resolution of the experimental technique. Work at Cornell was supported by the National Nuclear Security Administration Stewardship Sciences Academic Programs under Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement No. DE-NA0001836 and at the Lebedev Institute by the RSF grant 142200273.

  10. Stop layer: a flow braking mechanism in space and support from a lab experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haerendel, G.; Suttle, L.; Lebedev, S. V.; Swadling, G. F.; Hare, J. D.; Burdiak, G. C.; Bland, S. N.; Chittenden, J. P.; Kalmoni, N.; Frank, A.; Smith, R. A.; Suzuki-Vidal, F.

    2016-06-01

    The paper presents short summaries and a synopsis of two completely independent discoveries of a fast flow braking process, one realized by a laboratory experiment (Lebedev et al 2014 Phys. Plasmas 21 056305), the other by theoretical reasoning stimulated by auroral observation (Haerendel 2015a J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys. 120 1697–714). The first has been described as a magnetically mediated sub-shock forming when a supersonic plasma flow meets a wall. The second tried to describe what happens when a high-beta plasma flow from the central magnetic tail meets the strong near-dipolar field of the magnetosphere. The term stop layer signals that flow momentum and energy are directly coupled to a magnetic perturbation field generated by a Hall current within a layer of the width of c/ω pi and immediately propagated out of the layer by kinetic Alfvén waves. As the laboratory situation is not completely collision-free, energy transfer from ions to electrons and subsequent radiative losses are likely to contribute. A synopsis of the two situations identifies and discusses six points of commonality between the two situations. It is pointed out that the stop layer mechanism can be regarded as a direct reversal of the reconnection process.

  11. CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA Spintronics(Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 3 February 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-10-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held on 3 February 2010 at the Conference Hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS: (1) Ustinov V V (Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch, RAS, Ekaterinburg) "Metallic nanospintronics"; (2) Kusrayev Yu G (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin-related phenomena in semiconductors; physics and applications"; (3) Tarasenko S A (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin photocurrents in semiconductors"; (4) Averkiev N S, Golub L E (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Spin relaxation in quantum semiconductor heterostructures". Papers written on the basis of reports 2-4 are given below. • Spin phenomena in semiconductors: physics and applications, Yu G Kusrayev Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 7, Pages 725-738 • Spin photocurrents in semiconductors, S A Tarasenko Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 7, Pages 739-742 • Spin relaxation anisotropy in two-dimensional semiconductors, N S Averkiev Physics-Uspekhi, 2010, Volume 53, Number 7, Pages 742-745

  12. Accelerated electrons and hard X-ray emission from X-pinches

    SciTech Connect

    Shelkovenko, T. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Mingaleev, A. R.; Agafonov, A. V.; Romanova, V. M.; Ter-Oganes'yan, A. E.; Tkachenko, S. I.; Blesener, I. C.; Mitchell, M. D.; Chandler, K. M.; Kusse, B. R.; Hammer, D. A.

    2008-09-15

    The generation of accelerated electrons in the X-pinch minidiode is studied experimentally. It is well known that the explosion of an X-pinch consisting of two or more wires is accompanied by the formation of a minidiode, in which electrons are accelerated. The subsequent slowing down of electrons in the products of wire explosion causes the generation of hard X-ray (HXR) emission with photon energies higher than 10 keV. In this work, the spatial and temporal characteristics of X-pinch HXR emission are studied, the specific features of HXR generation are discussed, and the capability of applying this radiation to point-projection X-ray imaging of various plasma and biological objects is considered. The parameters of the electron beam produced in the X-pinch are measured using a Faraday cup and X-ray diagnostics. The experiments were performed with the XP generator (550 kA, 100 ns) at Cornell University (United States) and the BIN generator (270 kA, 150 ns) at the Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia).

  13. The EUV-observatory TESIS on board Coronas-Photon: scientific goals and initial plan of observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bogachev, Sergey

    The TESIS a EUV-observatory for solar research from space will be launched in 2008 September on board the satellite Coronas-Photon from cosmodrome Plesetsk. TESIS is a project of Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Science with contribution from Space Research Center of Polish Academy of Science (the spectrometer SphinX). The experiment will focus on quasi-monochromatic imaging of the Sun and XUV spectroscopy of solar plasma. The scientific payload of TESIS contains five instruments: (1) Bragg crystal spectroheliometer for Sun monochromatic imaging in the line MgXII 8.42 A, (2) the normal-incidence Herschelian EUV telescopes with a resolution of 1.7 arc sec operated in lines FeXXII 133 A, FeIX 171 A and HeII 304 A, (3) the EUV imaging spectrometer, (4) the wide-field Ritchey-Chretien coronograph and (5) the X-ray spectrometer SphinX. The TESIS will focus on coordinated study of solar activity from the transition region to the outer corona up to 4 solar radii in wide temperature range from 5*104 to 2*107 K. We describe the scientific goals of the TESIS and its initial plan of observations.

  14. Heating of the quiet solar corona from measurements of the FET/TESIS instrument on-board the KORONAS-FOTON satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rybák, J.; Gömöry, P.; Benz, A.; Bogachev, P.; Brajša, R.

    2010-12-01

    The paper presents the first results of the observations of time evolution of the quiet solar corona brightenings obtained due to very rapid photography of the corona with full-disk EUV telescopes of the FET/TESIS instrument onboard the KORONA FOTON satellite. The measurements were performed simultaneously in the emission of the Fe IX / X 17.1 and Fe VIII 13.1 spectral lines with 10 second temporal cadence and spatial scale of 1.7 arc seconds within one hour. This test observation, carried out on 15 July 2009, was analyzed in order to determine whether this type of observation can be used to identify individual microevents in the solar corona heating that are above the tresholds of spatial and temporal resolutions of the observations of non-active regions in the solar atmosphere. For this purpose, a simple method was used involving cross-correlation of the plasma emission time evolution at different temperatures, each time from observations of identical elements. The results obtained are confronted with the expected observable manifestations of the corona heating via nanoflares. TESIS is a set of instruments for the Sun photography developed in the Lebedev Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences that was launched into orbit in January 2009.

  15. Balloon monitoring of cosmic ray fluxes: galactic and solar cosmic rays in the near-Earth space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bazilevskaya, Galina; Makhmutov, Vladimir; Stozhkov, Yuri; Svirzhevskaya, Albina; Svirzhevsky, Nikolai

    The long-term observations of charged particle fluxes in the atmosphere at the polar and mid latitudes are conducted by the Lebedev Physical Institute since 1957 up to the present time. Meteorological balloons with a Geiger counter telescope are launched several times a week in the Arctic, Antarctic and Moscow regions. Simple instrumentation returns the secondary cosmic ray fluxes at varies altitudes from the ground level up to the 30-35 km. Since the geomagnetic field and the atmosphere act as an energy analyzer it is possible to estimate the intensity of galactic cosmic rays with energy above 100 and 1500 MeV during the whole period of observations and energy spectra of solar cosmic rays (when available) at the atmospheric boundary. We present the particle absolute fluxes and energy spectra, discuss the reliability of the results obtained and compare the results with data of measurements performed by the neutron monitor network and the near-Earth orbit spacecraft. We argue for necessity of the simultaneous ground-based, balloon, and spacecraft measurements of cosmic rays.

  16. CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA: Scientific Session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences dedicated to the centenary of L D Landau's birth (22-23 January 2008)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andreev, A. F.; Kagan, Yu M.; Pitaevskii, L. P.; Khalatnikov, I. M.; Kamenshchik, A. Yu; Ioffe, B. L.; Okun, L. B.; Lipatov, L. N.

    2008-06-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences dedicated to the centenary of L D Landau's birth was held in the Conference Hall of the Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, on 22 and 23 January 2008. An Opening Address by A F Andreev and the following reports were presented at the session: (1) Andreev A F (Kapitza Institute of Physical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences) "Supersolidity of quantum glasses" (2) Kagan Yu M (Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Moscow) "Formation kinetics of the Bose condensate and long-range order"; (3) Pitaevskii L P (Kapitza Institute of Physical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences; Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Trento and BDC Center, Trento, Italy) "Superfluid Fermi liquid in a unitary regime"; (4) Lebedev V V (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region) "Kolmogorov, Landau, and the modern theory of turbulence"; (5) Khalatnikov I M (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow), Kamenshchik A Yu (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; Dipartimento di Fisica and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bologna, Italy) "Lev Landau and the problem of singularities in cosmology"; (6) Ioffe B L (Russian State Scientific Center Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow) "Axial anomaly in quantum electro- and chromodynamics and the structure of the vacuum in quantum chromodynamics"; (7) Okun L B (Russian State Scientific Center Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow) "The theory of relativity and the Pythagorean theorem"; (8) Lipatov L N (St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, St. Petersburg) "Bjorken and Regge asymptotics of scattering amplitudes in QCD and in supersymmetric gauge models." A brief presentation of the Opening Address by A F Andreev and reports 2

  17. What's new in magnetism (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 27 May 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-10-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), "What's new in magnetism?", was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 27 May 2015.The papers collected in this issue were written based on talks given at the session: (1) Kalashnikova A M, Pisarev R V (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg), Kimel A V (Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Molecules and Materials, The Netherlands; Moscow State Technical University of Radio Engineering, Electronics and Automation, Moscow) "Ultrafast optomagnetism"; (2) Pyatakov A P, Sergeev A S, Nikolaeva E P, Kosykh T B, Nikolaev A V (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow), Zvezdin K A (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow; Kintech Laboratory Ltd, Moscow), Zvezdin A K (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow; Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Micromagnetism and topological defects in magnetoelectric media"; (3) Mukhin A A, Kuzmenko A M, Ivanov V Yu (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow), Pimenov A V, Shuvaev A M, Dziom V E (Institute of Solid State Physics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria) "Dynamic magnetoelectric phenomena within electromagnons in rare-earth borate multiferroics"; (4) Nikitov S A (Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, RAS, Moscow; Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow region; Chernyshevskii Saratov State University, Saratov), Kalyabin D V, Osokin S A (Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, RAS, Moscow; Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow region), Lisenkov I V (Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, RAS, Moscow; Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow region; Oakland University, Rochester, USA), Slavin A N (Oakland University, Rochester, USA), Barabanenkov

  18. Physical and technological issues of KrF laser drivers for inertial fusion energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zvorykin, V. D.; Arlantsev, S. V.; Bakaev, V. G.; Gaynutdinov, R. V.; Levchenko, A. O.; Molchanov, A. G.; Sagitov, S. I.; Sergeev, A. P.; Sergeev, P. B.; Stavrovskii, D. B.; Ustinovskii, N. N.; Zayarnyi, D. A.

    2006-06-01

    Physics and technology of Krypton Fluoride (KrF) laser have been studied experimentally and theoretically to improve its efficiency and to increase a lifetime, and thus to verify the challenge of KrF laser for Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE). Experiments were performed with e-beam-pumped multistage 100-J output energy GARPUN KrF laser facility and 200-A/cm2 current density EL-1 electron gun, both operating at P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute. They formed the database for verification of numerical codes capable to predict IFE-scale KrF drivers. Monte Carlo code was developed to calculate e-beam energy deposition inside GARPUN laser chamber while a quasistationary numerical KrF laser code based on generalized “forward back” multi-direction approximation for radiation transfer equation was used to describe amplification of nanosecond pulses and amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). Long-lived absorption in UV optical materials induced by fast electrons and bremsstrahlung X-ray radiation was measured at EL-1 electron gun with total fluence of ionizing radiation up to 20.6 kJ/cm2. Using these data together with measurements and scaling of bremsstrahlung X-ray yield, we can predict that the most stable windows of IFE-scale KrF laser driver would be able to withstand no less than 2× 106 shots. Fluorine-resistant coatings onto fused silica windows of KrF laser were developed and demonstrated damage thresholds as high as 29 J/cm2 in test experiments with large 13× 13-mm uniformly irradiated spot.

  19. From the history of physics (Scientific session of the General Meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 17 December 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2013-05-01

    A scientific session of the General Meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS on 17 December 2012.The following reports were put on the session's agenda posted on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Dianov E M (Fiber Optics Research Center, RAS, Moscow) "On the threshold of a peta era"; (2) Zabrodskii A G (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Scientists' contribution to the great victory in WWII using the example of the Leningrad (now A F Ioffe) Physical Technical Institute"; (3) Ilkaev R I (Russian Federal Nuclear Center --- All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics, Sarov) "Major stages of the Soviet Atomic Project"; (4) Cherepashchuk A M (Sternberg State Astronomical Institute of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "History of the Astronomy history ". Papers written on the basis of the reports are published below. • On the Threshold of Peta-era, E M Dianov Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 5, Pages 486-492 • Scientists' contribution to the Great Victory in WWII on the example of the Leningrad (now A F Ioffe) Physical Technical Institute, A G Zabrodskii Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 5, Pages 493-502 • Major stages of the Atomic Project, R I Ilkaev Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 5, Pages 502-509 • History of the Universe History, A M Cherepashchuk Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 5, Pages 509-530

  20. Nepheline crystallization in boron-rich alumino-silicate glasses as investigated by multi-nuclear NMR, Raman, & Mössbauer spectroscopies

    SciTech Connect

    Mccloy, John S.; Washton, Nancy M.; Gassman, Paul L.; Marcial, Jose; Weaver, Jamie L.; Kukkadapu, Ravi K.

    2015-02-01

    A spectroscopic study was conducted on 6 complex simulant nuclear waste glasses using multi-nuclear NMR, Raman and Mössbauer spectroscopies to explore the role of glass-forming elements Si, Al, B, along with Na and Fe and to understand their connectivity with the goal of understanding melt structure precursors to deleterious feldspathoid nepheline-like crystals formation. NMR showed the appearance of two sites for Al, Si, and Na in the samples which crystallized significant amounts of nepheline, and B speciation changed, typically resulting in more B(IV) after nepheline crystallization. Raman spectroscopy suggested a major part of the glass structure is composed of metaborate chains or rings, thus significant numbers of non-bridging oxygens and a separation of the borate from the alumino-silicate network. Mössbauer combined with Fe redox chemical measurements showed that Fe plays a minor role in these glasses, mostly as Fe3+, but that iron oxide spinel forms with nepheline in all cases. Models of the glass network, speciation of B, and allocation of non-bridging oxygens were computed. The Yun-Dell-Bray model failed to predict the observed high concentration of NBO necessary to explain the metaborate features in the Raman spectra, and it largely over-estimated B(IV) fraction. The model assuming Na-Al-Si moieties and using experimental B(IV) fraction predicted a large amount of NBO consistent with Raman spectra. An alternative notation for appreciating the glass network is suggested and then used to investigate the changes the glass due to crystallization of sodium nepheline and the residual glass network. From a theoretical standpoint, it may be preferred to picture nuclear waste glasses by the Lebedev theory of glass structure where “microcrystallites” of ordered nuclei (or embryos) exist in the matrix of more disordered glass.

  1. Accurate small and wide angle x-ray scattering profiles from atomic models of proteins and nucleic acids

    SciTech Connect

    Nguyen, Hung T.; Pabit, Suzette A.; Meisburger, Steve P.; Pollack, Lois; Case, David A.

    2014-12-14

    A new method is introduced to compute X-ray solution scattering profiles from atomic models of macromolecules. The three-dimensional version of the Reference Interaction Site Model (RISM) from liquid-state statistical mechanics is employed to compute the solvent distribution around the solute, including both water and ions. X-ray scattering profiles are computed from this distribution together with the solute geometry. We describe an efficient procedure for performing this calculation employing a Lebedev grid for the angular averaging. The intensity profiles (which involve no adjustable parameters) match experiment and molecular dynamics simulations up to wide angle for two proteins (lysozyme and myoglobin) in water, as well as the small-angle profiles for a dozen biomolecules taken from the BioIsis.net database. The RISM model is especially well-suited for studies of nucleic acids in salt solution. Use of fiber-diffraction models for the structure of duplex DNA in solution yields close agreement with the observed scattering profiles in both the small and wide angle scattering (SAXS and WAXS) regimes. In addition, computed profiles of anomalous SAXS signals (for Rb{sup +} and Sr{sup 2+}) emphasize the ionic contribution to scattering and are in reasonable agreement with experiment. In cases where an absolute calibration of the experimental data at q = 0 is available, one can extract a count of the excess number of waters and ions; computed values depend on the closure that is assumed in the solution of the Ornstein–Zernike equations, with results from the Kovalenko–Hirata closure being closest to experiment for the cases studied here.

  2. Scientific session of the General meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (7 December 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-05-01

    A scientific session of the General meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS on 7 December 2015. The papers collected in this issue were written based on talks given at the session (the program of the session is available on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website http://www.gpad.ac.ru). (1) Loshchenov V B (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Pharmacodynamics of a nanophotosensitizer under irradiation by an electromagnetic field: from THz to Cherenkov radiation"; (2) Zhuikov B L (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Successes and problems in the development of medical radioisotope production in Russia"; (3) Tikhonov Yu A (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk) "Applying nuclear physics methods in healthcare"; (4) Turchin I V (Institute of Applied Physics, RAS, Nizhny Novgorod) "Methods of biomedical optical imaging: from subcellular structures to tissues and organs"; (5) Breus T K, Petrukovich A A (Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow), Binhi V N (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow; Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Magnetic factor in solar-terrestrial relations and its impact on the human body: physical problems and prospects for research"; (6) Makarov D I (Special Astrophysical Observatory, RAS, Nizhnii Arkhyz, Zelenchukskii region, Karachai-Cherkessian Republic) "Studying the Local University". Papers based on oral reports 2, 4, and 5 are presented below. • Successes and problems in the development of medical radioisotope production in Russia, B L Zhuikov Physics-Uspekhi, 2016, Volume 59, Number 5, Pages 481-486 • Methods of biomedical optical imaging: from subcellular structures to tissues and organs, I V Turchin Physics-Uspekhi, 2016, Volume 59, Number 5, Pages 487-501 • Magnetic factor in solar-terrestrial relations and its impact on the human body: physical problems and

  3. Observations of airglow during injections of exhaust streams of ``Progress'' orbital maneuvering subsystem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beletsky, Alexandr; Mikhalev, Alexander; Khakhinov, Vitaly; Lebedev, Valentin

    Observations of airglow during injections of exhaust streams of “Progress” orbital maneuvering subsystem A. Mikhalev, V. Khakhinov, A. Beletsky, V. Lebedev Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (ISTP SB RAS) 664033, Lermontov str. 126a, p/o Box 291, Irkutsk, Russia ABSTRACT The effect of increasing the intensity of airglow emissions associated with spacecraft engines exhaust to the atmosphere is well-known. We carried out the "Radar-Progress" active space experiment for studying the ionosphere on April 17 2013. The exhaust products of orbital maneuvering subsystem engines of transport spacecraft “Progress” were used as a source of ionosphere disturbances. The engines run from 13:24:37 to 13:24:46 UT. The "Progress" orbit altitude was 412 km. We carried out observations of nightglow in the several spectral lines. The all-sky camera was used for obtaining spatial distribution of the 630 nm emission intensity. An increase in the emission intensity in the area of "Progress" track was observed after starting the engines. According to preliminary estimates, the rate of the glow expansion at the orbit altitude during first 60 seconds after the start was ~ 7 km/c along the orbit and ~ 3.5 km/s across the orbit. The observed glow area reached the largest size of ~ 350 km along the orbit and ~ 250 km across the orbit 120-150 s after start. The study has been supported by the grant 13-05-00456-a and 13-02-00957-a of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and RF President Grant of Public Support for RF Leading Scientific Schools (NSh-2942.2014.5).

  4. Terahertz photometers to observe solar flares from space (SOLAR-T project)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaufmann, Pierre; Raulin, Jean-Pierre

    The space experiment SOLAR-T designed to observe solar flares at THz frequencies was completed. We present the concept, fabrication and performance of a double THz photometers system. An innovative optical setup allows observations of the full solar disk and the detection of small burst transients at the same time. It is the first detecting system conceived to observe solar flare THz emissions on board of stratospheric balloons. The system has been integrated to data acquisition and telemetry modules for this application. SOLAR-T uses two Golay cell detectors preceded by low-pass filters made of rough surface primary mirrors and membranes, 3 and 7 THz band-pass filters, and choppers. Its photometers can detect small solar bursts (tens of solar flux units) with sub second time resolution. One artificial Sun setup was developed to simulate actual observations. Tests comprised the whole system performance, on ambient and low pressure and temperature conditions. It is intended to provide data on the still unrevealed spectral shape of the mysterious THz solar flares emissions. The experiment is planned to be on board of two long-duration stratospheric balloon flights over Antarctica and Russia in 2014-2016. The SOLAR-T development, fabrication and tests has been accomplished by engineering and research teams from Mackenzie, Unicamp and Bernard Lyot Solar Observatory; Propertech Ltda.; Neuron Ltda.; and Samsung, Brazil; Tydex LCC, Russia; CONICET, Argentina; the stratospheric balloon missions will be carried in cooperation with teams from University of California, Berkeley, USA (flight over Antarctica), and Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia (flight over Russia).

  5. Velior Petrovich

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ness, Norman

    Dr. Velior Petrovich Shabansky, aged 58, the head of the Laboratory of Cosmic Electrodynamics, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, suddenly passed away on November 16, 1985, of a heart attack. He was one of the founders of theoretical ideas in physics of interplanetary and near-earth space. Shabansky obtained his education at the Moscow State University and joined the P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., as a postgraduate. He obtained his Candidate's Degree in theory of conductivity of metals in strong electric fields, with V. L. Ginsburg as his advisor, in 1954. During 1954-1958, Shabansky continued investigation of nonlinear properties of plasma in metals. For the next 2 years, he worked at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory. Shabansky left the Crimean Observatory to go to the Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, where he investigated the earth's radiation belts, the plasma of the earth's magnetosphere, finished his doctoral dissertation, and received his degree in 1966. From 1966, he headed the Laboratory of Cosmic Electrodynamics, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University. He is best known to the scientific community in the Soviet Union as chief of the Seminar on Cosmic Electrodynamics. Shabansky elaborated a special course of lectures on space physics that has been delivered for many years at the Physical Faculty, Moscow State University. He taught a large number of Soviet physicists, experts in cosmic electrodynamics. An enthusiastic, talented, and many-sided personality, he carried away everybody who knew him. He was known to the U.S. space physics community because of his own work, because of the work of his colleagues and students, a n d because of his infectious and spirited personality. Having died an untimely death, he left a deeply mourning widow and a 23-year-old son. Friends and colleagues will keep the bright image of Dr. Shabansky in their memory forever.

  6. X-pinch. Part I

    SciTech Connect

    Pikuz, S. A. Shelkovenko, T. A.; Hammer, D. A.

    2015-04-15

    Results of experimental studies of the X-pinch since its invention and implementation in 1982 at the Lebedev Physical Institute are presented. The concept of the X-pinch arose in the course of innovative experiments on studying the generation of hot dense plasma in nanosecond Z-pinches. The main idea was to localize the region occupied by the plasma and stabilize the moment of its formation. This was achieved by using a load in the form of crossed wires. The resulting plasma object turned out to be so interesting that a new scientific direction appeared in plasma physics. At present, studies in this direction are being performed in many laboratories worldwide. The term X-pinch became conventional, and sections devoted to its study are always present at plasma conferences. X-pinch is not only a very interesting scientific object, but also a unique source of X-ray emission with extreme parameters. The use of X-pinches for point-projection X-ray radiography of high-energy-density objects provided many new experimental results. In some cases, the concepts of the processes occurring in matter upon fast energy deposition changed dramatically. The review consists of two parts. The first part briefly outlines the history of creation and studies of X-pinches, describes the diagnostic techniques and devices developed during these studies, and presents the main results obtained in studying the physical processes occurring in the X-pinch. The second part is devoted to the results of detailed studies of the X-pinch hot spot—the region where the highest plasma parameters are achieved and which is a source of X-ray emission with extreme parameters. Some results of X-pinch simulations are also presented.

  7. Accurate small and wide angle x-ray scattering profiles from atomic models of proteins and nucleic acids.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Hung T; Pabit, Suzette A; Meisburger, Steve P; Pollack, Lois; Case, David A

    2014-12-14

    A new method is introduced to compute X-ray solution scattering profiles from atomic models of macromolecules. The three-dimensional version of the Reference Interaction Site Model (RISM) from liquid-state statistical mechanics is employed to compute the solvent distribution around the solute, including both water and ions. X-ray scattering profiles are computed from this distribution together with the solute geometry. We describe an efficient procedure for performing this calculation employing a Lebedev grid for the angular averaging. The intensity profiles (which involve no adjustable parameters) match experiment and molecular dynamics simulations up to wide angle for two proteins (lysozyme and myoglobin) in water, as well as the small-angle profiles for a dozen biomolecules taken from the BioIsis.net database. The RISM model is especially well-suited for studies of nucleic acids in salt solution. Use of fiber-diffraction models for the structure of duplex DNA in solution yields close agreement with the observed scattering profiles in both the small and wide angle scattering (SAXS and WAXS) regimes. In addition, computed profiles of anomalous SAXS signals (for Rb(+) and Sr(2+)) emphasize the ionic contribution to scattering and are in reasonable agreement with experiment. In cases where an absolute calibration of the experimental data at q = 0 is available, one can extract a count of the excess number of waters and ions; computed values depend on the closure that is assumed in the solution of the Ornstein-Zernike equations, with results from the Kovalenko-Hirata closure being closest to experiment for the cases studied here.

  8. Discrete variable representation in electronic structure theory: quadrature grids for least-squares tensor hypercontraction.

    PubMed

    Parrish, Robert M; Hohenstein, Edward G; Martínez, Todd J; Sherrill, C David

    2013-05-21

    We investigate the application of molecular quadratures obtained from either standard Becke-type grids or discrete variable representation (DVR) techniques to the recently developed least-squares tensor hypercontraction (LS-THC) representation of the electron repulsion integral (ERI) tensor. LS-THC uses least-squares fitting to renormalize a two-sided pseudospectral decomposition of the ERI, over a physical-space quadrature grid. While this procedure is technically applicable with any choice of grid, the best efficiency is obtained when the quadrature is tuned to accurately reproduce the overlap metric for quadratic products of the primary orbital basis. Properly selected Becke DFT grids can roughly attain this property. Additionally, we provide algorithms for adopting the DVR techniques of the dynamics community to produce two different classes of grids which approximately attain this property. The simplest algorithm is radial discrete variable representation (R-DVR), which diagonalizes the finite auxiliary-basis representation of the radial coordinate for each atom, and then combines Lebedev-Laikov spherical quadratures and Becke atomic partitioning to produce the full molecular quadrature grid. The other algorithm is full discrete variable representation (F-DVR), which uses approximate simultaneous diagonalization of the finite auxiliary-basis representation of the full position operator to produce non-direct-product quadrature grids. The qualitative features of all three grid classes are discussed, and then the relative efficiencies of these grids are compared in the context of LS-THC-DF-MP2. Coarse Becke grids are found to give essentially the same accuracy and efficiency as R-DVR grids; however, the latter are built from explicit knowledge of the basis set and may guide future development of atom-centered grids. F-DVR is found to provide reasonable accuracy with markedly fewer points than either Becke or R-DVR schemes.

  9. Accurate small and wide angle x-ray scattering profiles from atomic models of proteins and nucleic acids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nguyen, Hung T.; Pabit, Suzette A.; Meisburger, Steve P.; Pollack, Lois; Case, David A.

    2014-12-01

    A new method is introduced to compute X-ray solution scattering profiles from atomic models of macromolecules. The three-dimensional version of the Reference Interaction Site Model (RISM) from liquid-state statistical mechanics is employed to compute the solvent distribution around the solute, including both water and ions. X-ray scattering profiles are computed from this distribution together with the solute geometry. We describe an efficient procedure for performing this calculation employing a Lebedev grid for the angular averaging. The intensity profiles (which involve no adjustable parameters) match experiment and molecular dynamics simulations up to wide angle for two proteins (lysozyme and myoglobin) in water, as well as the small-angle profiles for a dozen biomolecules taken from the BioIsis.net database. The RISM model is especially well-suited for studies of nucleic acids in salt solution. Use of fiber-diffraction models for the structure of duplex DNA in solution yields close agreement with the observed scattering profiles in both the small and wide angle scattering (SAXS and WAXS) regimes. In addition, computed profiles of anomalous SAXS signals (for Rb+ and Sr2+) emphasize the ionic contribution to scattering and are in reasonable agreement with experiment. In cases where an absolute calibration of the experimental data at q = 0 is available, one can extract a count of the excess number of waters and ions; computed values depend on the closure that is assumed in the solution of the Ornstein-Zernike equations, with results from the Kovalenko-Hirata closure being closest to experiment for the cases studied here.

  10. X-pinch. Part I

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pikuz, S. A.; Shelkovenko, T. A.; Hammer, D. A.

    2015-04-01

    Results of experimental studies of the X-pinch since its invention and implementation in 1982 at the Lebedev Physical Institute are presented. The concept of the X-pinch arose in the course of innovative experiments on studying the generation of hot dense plasma in nanosecond Z-pinches. The main idea was to localize the region occupied by the plasma and stabilize the moment of its formation. This was achieved by using a load in the form of crossed wires. The resulting plasma object turned out to be so interesting that a new scientific direction appeared in plasma physics. At present, studies in this direction are being performed in many laboratories worldwide. The term X-pinch became conventional, and sections devoted to its study are always present at plasma conferences. X-pinch is not only a very interesting scientific object, but also a unique source of X-ray emission with extreme parameters. The use of X-pinches for point-projection X-ray radiography of high-energy-density objects provided many new experimental results. In some cases, the concepts of the processes occurring in matter upon fast energy deposition changed dramatically. The review consists of two parts. The first part briefly outlines the history of creation and studies of X-pinches, describes the diagnostic techniques and devices developed during these studies, and presents the main results obtained in studying the physical processes occurring in the X-pinch. The second part is devoted to the results of detailed studies of the X-pinch hot spot—the region where the highest plasma parameters are achieved and which is a source of X-ray emission with extreme parameters. Some results of X-pinch simulations are also presented.

  11. Discrete variable representation in electronic structure theory: quadrature grids for least-squares tensor hypercontraction.

    PubMed

    Parrish, Robert M; Hohenstein, Edward G; Martínez, Todd J; Sherrill, C David

    2013-05-21

    We investigate the application of molecular quadratures obtained from either standard Becke-type grids or discrete variable representation (DVR) techniques to the recently developed least-squares tensor hypercontraction (LS-THC) representation of the electron repulsion integral (ERI) tensor. LS-THC uses least-squares fitting to renormalize a two-sided pseudospectral decomposition of the ERI, over a physical-space quadrature grid. While this procedure is technically applicable with any choice of grid, the best efficiency is obtained when the quadrature is tuned to accurately reproduce the overlap metric for quadratic products of the primary orbital basis. Properly selected Becke DFT grids can roughly attain this property. Additionally, we provide algorithms for adopting the DVR techniques of the dynamics community to produce two different classes of grids which approximately attain this property. The simplest algorithm is radial discrete variable representation (R-DVR), which diagonalizes the finite auxiliary-basis representation of the radial coordinate for each atom, and then combines Lebedev-Laikov spherical quadratures and Becke atomic partitioning to produce the full molecular quadrature grid. The other algorithm is full discrete variable representation (F-DVR), which uses approximate simultaneous diagonalization of the finite auxiliary-basis representation of the full position operator to produce non-direct-product quadrature grids. The qualitative features of all three grid classes are discussed, and then the relative efficiencies of these grids are compared in the context of LS-THC-DF-MP2. Coarse Becke grids are found to give essentially the same accuracy and efficiency as R-DVR grids; however, the latter are built from explicit knowledge of the basis set and may guide future development of atom-centered grids. F-DVR is found to provide reasonable accuracy with markedly fewer points than either Becke or R-DVR schemes. PMID:23697409

  12. Astrophysically relevant radiatively cooled hypersonic bow shocks in nested wire arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ampleford, David

    2009-11-01

    We have performed laboratory experiments which introduce obstructions into hypersonic plasma flows to study the formation of shocks. Astrophysical observations have demonstrated many examples of equivalent radiatively cooled bow shocks, for example the head of protostellar jets or supernova remnants passing through the interstellar medium or between discrete clumps in jets. Wire array z-pinches allow us to study quasi-planar radiatively cooled flows in the laboratory. The early stage of a wire array z-pinch implosion consists of a steady flow of the wire material towards the axis. Given a high rate of radiative cooling, these flows reach high sonic- Mach numbers, typically up to 5. The 2D nature of this configuration allows the insertion of obstacles into the flow, such as a concentric ``inner'' wire array, as has previously been studied for ICF research. Here we study the application of such a nested array to laboratory astrophysics where the inner wires act as obstructions perpendicular to the flow, and induce bow shocks. By varying the wire array material (W/Al), the significance of radiative cooling on these shocks can be controlled, and is shown to change the shock opening angle. As multiple obstructions are present, the experiments show the interaction of multiple bow shocks. It is also possible to introduce a magnetic field around the static object, increasing the opening angle of the shocks. Further experiments can be designed to control the flow density, magnetic field structure and obstruction locations. In collaboration with: S.V. Lebedev, M.E. Cuneo, C.A. Jennings, S.N. Bland, J.P. Chittenden, A. Ciardi, G.N. Hall, S.C. Bott, M. Sherlock, A. Frank, E. Blackman

  13. SOLAR-T: terahertz photometers to observe solar flare emission on stratospheric balloon flights

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaufmann, P.; Abrantes, A.; Bortolucci, E. C.; Correia, E.; Diniz, J. A.; Fernandez, G.; Fernandes, L. O. T.; Giménez de Castro, C. G.; Godoy, R.; Hurford, G.; Kudaka, A. S.; Lebedev, M.; Lin, R. P.; Machado, N.; Makhmutov, V. S.; Marcon, R.; Marun, A.; Nicolaev, V. A.; Pereyra, P.; Raulin, J.-P.; da Silva, C. M.; Shih, A.; Stozhkov, Y. I.; Swart, J. W.; Timofeevsky, A. V.; Valio, A.; Villela, T.; Zakia, M. B.

    2012-09-01

    A new solar flare spectral component has been found with intensities increasing for larger sub-THz frequencies, spectrally separated from the well known microwaves component, bringing challenging constraints for interpretation. Higher THz frequencies observations are needed to understand the nature of the mechanisms occurring in flares. A twofrequency THz photometer system was developed to observe outside the terrestrial atmosphere on stratospheric balloons or satellites, or at exceptionally transparent ground stations. 76 mm diameter telescopes were designed to observe the whole solar disk detecting small relative changes in input temperature caused by flares at localized positions at 3 and 7 THz. Golay cell detectors are preceded by low-pass filters to suppress visible and near IR radiation, band-pass filters, and choppers. It can detect temperature variations smaller than 1 K with time resolution of a fraction of a second, corresponding to small burst intensities. The telescopes are being assembled in a thermal controlled box to which a data conditioning and acquisition unit is coupled. While all observations are stored on board, a telemetry system will forward solar activity compact data to the ground station. The experiment is planned to fly on board of long-duration stratospheric balloon flights some time in 2013-2015. One will be coupled to the GRIPS gamma-ray experiment in cooperation with University of California, Berkeley, USA. One engineering flight will be flown in the USA, and a 2 weeks flight is planned over Antarctica in southern hemisphere summer. Another long duration stratospheric balloon flight over Russia (one week) is planned in cooperation with the Lebedev Physics Institute, Moscow, in northern hemisphere summer.

  14. Living systems in hypomagnetic conditions of Space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trukhanov, Kirill; Gurieva, Tamara; Dadasheva, Olga; Spassky, Andrey; Lebedev, Viktor; Kruglov, Oleg

    Living Systems in Hypomagnetic Conditions of Space Trukhanov К. A.1, Guryeva T.S.1, Dadasheva О.А.1, Spassky А.V.2, Lebedev V.М.2, Kruglov О.S.1 1 SSC RF - Institute of bio-medical problems RAS, Moscow 2 Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow When working at a long-term lunar base, at stations in the near-moon space and during interplanetary missions cosmonauts will be continuously exposed to an entirely new environmental factor - hypomagnetic conditions (HMC). Interplanetary magnetic field and the field on the Lunar surface is three-five orders of magnitude below the usual geomagnetic field (GMF). It is well known that exposure to even a slightly decreased GMF adversely affect human and other living systems. Nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular systems and blood are considered to be the most sensitive to reduced GMF. There are some data in literature about the significant vulnerability of developing organism to the HMC. In this paper we present the results of further studies on the impact of the HMC on the embryogenesis of the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica), including the works performed as the development of studies reported at the conferences COSPAR 37 and COSPAR 39. Duration of quail embryos exposure to different values of attenuation HMC (till thousandfold and more) came up to 18 days. It is shown that the prolonged exposure to the HMC heightens the adverse effects on embryogenesis. The background of alternating electromagnetic fields of the systems and equipment will exist at the habitable base or on the board of the spacecraft. The results of studies on the combined effects of HMC and weak alternating magnetic fields are also presented.

  15. Discrete variable representation in electronic structure theory: Quadrature grids for least-squares tensor hypercontraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parrish, Robert M.; Hohenstein, Edward G.; Martínez, Todd J.; Sherrill, C. David

    2013-05-01

    We investigate the application of molecular quadratures obtained from either standard Becke-type grids or discrete variable representation (DVR) techniques to the recently developed least-squares tensor hypercontraction (LS-THC) representation of the electron repulsion integral (ERI) tensor. LS-THC uses least-squares fitting to renormalize a two-sided pseudospectral decomposition of the ERI, over a physical-space quadrature grid. While this procedure is technically applicable with any choice of grid, the best efficiency is obtained when the quadrature is tuned to accurately reproduce the overlap metric for quadratic products of the primary orbital basis. Properly selected Becke DFT grids can roughly attain this property. Additionally, we provide algorithms for adopting the DVR techniques of the dynamics community to produce two different classes of grids which approximately attain this property. The simplest algorithm is radial discrete variable representation (R-DVR), which diagonalizes the finite auxiliary-basis representation of the radial coordinate for each atom, and then combines Lebedev-Laikov spherical quadratures and Becke atomic partitioning to produce the full molecular quadrature grid. The other algorithm is full discrete variable representation (F-DVR), which uses approximate simultaneous diagonalization of the finite auxiliary-basis representation of the full position operator to produce non-direct-product quadrature grids. The qualitative features of all three grid classes are discussed, and then the relative efficiencies of these grids are compared in the context of LS-THC-DF-MP2. Coarse Becke grids are found to give essentially the same accuracy and efficiency as R-DVR grids; however, the latter are built from explicit knowledge of the basis set and may guide future development of atom-centered grids. F-DVR is found to provide reasonable accuracy with markedly fewer points than either Becke or R-DVR schemes.

  16. Scientific session of the General meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (7 December 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2016-05-01

    A scientific session of the General meeting of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS on 7 December 2015. The papers collected in this issue were written based on talks given at the session (the program of the session is available on the RAS Physical Sciences Division website http://www.gpad.ac.ru). (1) Loshchenov V B (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Pharmacodynamics of a nanophotosensitizer under irradiation by an electromagnetic field: from THz to Cherenkov radiation"; (2) Zhuikov B L (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Successes and problems in the development of medical radioisotope production in Russia"; (3) Tikhonov Yu A (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk) "Applying nuclear physics methods in healthcare"; (4) Turchin I V (Institute of Applied Physics, RAS, Nizhny Novgorod) "Methods of biomedical optical imaging: from subcellular structures to tissues and organs"; (5) Breus T K, Petrukovich A A (Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow), Binhi V N (Prokhorov General Physics Institute, RAS, Moscow; Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Magnetic factor in solar-terrestrial relations and its impact on the human body: physical problems and prospects for research"; (6) Makarov D I (Special Astrophysical Observatory, RAS, Nizhnii Arkhyz, Zelenchukskii region, Karachai-Cherkessian Republic) "Studying the Local University". Papers based on oral reports 2, 4, and 5 are presented below. • Successes and problems in the development of medical radioisotope production in Russia, B L Zhuikov Physics-Uspekhi, 2016, Volume 59, Number 5, Pages 481–486 • Methods of biomedical optical imaging: from subcellular structures to tissues and organs, I V Turchin Physics-Uspekhi, 2016, Volume 59, Number 5, Pages 487–501 • Magnetic factor in solar-terrestrial relations and its impact on the human body: physical problems

  17. Influence of fluids on the elastic properties of sedimentary rocks at high pressure and temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebedev, E.

    2009-04-01

    At present the principal information about the structural and material composition of the Earth's interior is derived from seismic measurements. However, the interpretation of the elastic wave velocity data in terms of distribution of the material and structural composition with depth is still difficult especially in the presence of fluids. Water and mineralized fluids in the crust have essential influence on elastic wave velocities in rocks and melts. A description of methods is given in the investigation (Lebedev, Burkhardt et al., 1996). The increase of elastic wave velocity in sandstone at the temperature range 150-400˚ C in presence of alkaline fluid was explained by reaction connected with partial dehydration of kaolinite and formation of mica. The increase of elastic P- wave velocity of sandstone at temperatures of 525-640oC in presence of neutral and acid fluids is explained by reaction of silicification (the formation of amorphous silica in intergranular space of rock between crystals of quartz). Silicification is process connected with partial melting, cementation of rock, transformation of rock's microstructure and increase of density. Silicification is connected with a change of the seismic velocities in the Earth's interior. Geophysical investigations revealed the existence of zones in the Earth's middle and upper crust with anomalous seismic velocities. The nature of these zones is still under debate, although there are some indications that they might be correlated with change of microstructure, porosity, permeability and with the presence of fluids. In this study high temperature centrifuge was also used. These studies can contribute to the petrophysical and geochemical interpretation of seismic measurements.

  18. Physics at the Large Hadron Collider. Higgs boson (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 February 2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-09-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) "Physics at the Large Hadron Collider. Higgs boson" was held in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, on 26 February 2014. The agenda of the session, announced on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS, listed the following reports: (1) Boos E E (Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Standard Model and predictions for the Higgs boson"; (2) Zaytsev A M (National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Moscow) "ATLAS experiment. The Higgs boson and the Standard Model"; (3) Lanyov A V (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region) "CMS collaboration results: Higgs boson and search for new physics"; (4) Kazakov D I (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow region) "The Higgs boson has been found: what is next?" Papers written on the basis of oral reports 1, 3, and 4 are published below. An extensive review of the topic in item 2 will be published in an upcoming issue of Physics-Uspekhi. • Standard Model and predictions for the Higgs boson, E E Boos Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 9, Pages 912-923 • CMS collaboration results: Higgs boson and search for new physics, A V Lanyov Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 9, Pages 923-930 • The Higgs boson is found: what is next?, D I Kazakov Physics-Uspekhi, 2014, Volume 57, Number 9, Pages 930-942

  19. TESIS experiment on EUV imaging spectroscopy of the Sun

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuzin, S. V.; Bogachev, S. A.; Zhitnik, I. A.; Pertsov, A. A.; Ignatiev, A. P.; Mitrofanov, A. M.; Slemzin, V. A.; Shestov, S. V.; Sukhodrev, N. K.; Bugaenko, O. I.

    2009-03-01

    TESIS is a set of solar imaging instruments in development by the Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Science, to be launched aboard the Russian spacecraft CORONAS-PHOTON in December 2008. The main goal of TESIS is to provide complex observations of solar active phenomena from the transition region to the inner and outer solar corona with high spatial, spectral and temporal resolution in the EUV and Soft X-ray spectral bands. TESIS includes five unique space instruments: the MgXII Imaging Spectroheliometer (MISH) with spherical bent crystal mirror, for observations of the Sun in the monochromatic MgXII 8.42 Å line; the EUV Spectoheliometer (EUSH) with grazing incidence difraction grating, for the registration of the full solar disc in monochromatic lines of the spectral band 280-330 Å; two Full-disk EUV Telescopes (FET) with multilayer mirrors covering the band 130-136 and 290-320 Å; and the Solar EUV Coronagraph (SEC), based on the Ritchey-Chretien scheme, to observe the inner and outer solar corona from 0.2 to 4 solar radii in spectral band 290-320 Å. TESIS experiment will start at the rising phase of the 24th cycle of solar activity. With the advanced capabilities of its instruments, TESIS will help better understand the physics of solar flares and high-energy phenomena and provide new data on parameters of solar plasma in the temperature range 10-10K. This paper gives a brief description of the experiment, its equipment, and its scientific objectives.

  20. Sixth International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Han, D. (Editor); Kim, Y. S. (Editor); Solimento, S. (Editor)

    2000-01-01

    These proceedings contain contributions from about 200 participants to the 6th International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations (ICSSUR'99) held in Naples May 24-29, 1999, and organized jointly by the University of Naples "Federico II," the University of Maryland at College Park, and the Lebedev Institute, Moscow. This was the sixth of a series of very successful meetings started in 1990 at the College Park Campus of the University of Maryland. The other meetings in the series were held in Moscow (1992), Baltimore (1993), Taiyuan P.R.C. (1995) and Balatonfuered, Hungary (1997). The present one was held at the campus Monte Sant'Angelo of the University "Federico II" of Naples. The meeting sought to provide a forum for updating and reviewing a wide range of quantum optics disciplines, including device developments and applications, and related areas of quantum measurements and quantum noise. Over the years, the ICSSUR Conference evolved from a meeting on quantum measurement sector of quantum optics, to a wide range of quantum optics themes, including multifacet aspects of generation, measurement, and applications of nonclassical light (squeezed and Schrodinger cat radiation fields, etc.), and encompassing several related areas, ranging from quantum measurement to quantum noise. ICSSUR'99 brought together about 250 people active in the field of quantum optics, with special emphasis on nonclassical light sources and related areas. The Conference was organized in 8 Sections: Squeezed states and uncertainty relations; Harmonic oscillators and squeeze transformations; Methods of quantum interference and correlations; Quantum measurements; Generation and characterisation of non-classical light; Quantum noise; Quantum communication and information; and Quantum-like systems.

  1. The Role of Neutrals in H-mode Pedestal Formation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Groebner, R. J.

    2001-10-01

    Systematic experiments show that atomic physics is a major factor in determining the edge density scale length in DIII-D H-mode discharges. These experiments have been performed to study the physics that sets the height of the H-mode pressure pedestal. Although the pressure gradient of the pedestal is consistent with limits expected from MHD stability,(J.R. Ferron, Phys. Plasmas 7), 1976 (2000). an understanding of the physics that controls the width of this high gradient region remains elusive. However, both numerical(F.L. Hinton and G.M. Staebler, Phys. Fluids B 5), 1281 (1993). and analytic(V.B. Lebedev and P.H. Diamond, Phys. Plasmas 4), 1087 (1997). models of transport barriers suggest that the neutral penetration length is an important scale length for setting the width of the barrier. DIII-D experiments have been conducted to see if the width of the edge density profile in H-mode can be explained by neutral fueling. Data have been compared to predictions of a simple analytic model for the shape of the edge density profile.(M.A. Mahdavi et al., to appear in Nucl. Fusion.) The experimental data exhibit several features predicted by this model: 1) The edge density profile has a hyperbolic tangent shape in L-mode and H-mode plasmas; 2) The density scale length (width) is predicted within 50% or better for a wide range of data; 3) The density scale length decreases as the pedestal density increases. Preliminary evidence shows that at high density, the width of the electron temperature barrier is larger than that of the density barrier, indicating that additional physics controls the temperature barrier.

  2. Experiments for observation of the total solar eclipse on July 22, 2009, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoeva, Penka; Stoev, Alexey; Kuzin, Sergey; Stoyanov, Nikolay; Pertsov, Andrey

    Scientific expedition for observation of the July 22, 2009 total solar eclipse was organized by the Solar-Terrestrial Influences Institute, BAS and the Yuri Gagarin Public Astronomical Observatory, and displaced near the observing station of the Shanghai Observatory, which belongs to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and is very close to the central line of the eclipse. The following experiments were conducted: 1. Determination of the absolute intensity of the red coronal line FeX 6374A with a spectro-grph mounted together with a 130/2000 Macsutov -Cassegrain telescope with a 20mm eyelense. The spectrogrph is designed and developed by specialists from Solar-Terrestrial Influences In-stitute, Stara Zagora Department, Bulgaria, Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia and Yuri Gagarin Public Astronomical Observatory, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria, in the frames of the Bulgarian-Russian project of joint scientific research "CORONA". The aim of the experiment is to obtain images of the inner corona in the visible region of the spectrum simultaneously with images in the X ray region from the THESIS telescope on CORONAS -PHOTON helio-spheric satellite (launched in January 2009). This gives the unique possibility of determining the distribution of the light emission of the plasma with the temperature (detailed diagnostics of the thermal and nonthermal heating of the solar corona). 2. Investigation of the white-light corona from photographs with 250 mm and 2000mm objec-tives. 3. Investigation of the response of the Earth's atmosphere during the particular sircumstances in which solar light is totally being blocked by the Moon. Atmospheric temperature and pressure rapidly change during total solar eclipses which produce meteorological anomalies typical in this kind of phenomena. That is why the basic climatic parameters have to be measured with high sensitive meteorological instruments. Conducting measurements of the temperature of the soil and the air at three different levels

  3. CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA: Nanoplasmonics and metamaterials(Scientific session of the Division of Physical Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, 27 April 2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tikhodeev, Sergei G.; Shubina, Tat'yana V.; Ivanov, Sergei V.; Toropov, Aleksei A.; Kop'ev, Petr S.; Kurin, Vladislav V.; Lagarkov, Andrei N.; Sarychev, Andrei K.; Gippius, Nikolai A.

    2009-09-01

    On 27 April 2009, in the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, a scientific session of the Division of Physical Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences devoted to the problem of nanoplasmonics and metamaterials took place. The following reports were presented at the session: (1) Tikhodeev S G, Gippius N A (Prokhorov Institute of General Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) "Plasmon-polariton effects in nanostructured metal-dielectric photonic crystals and metamaterials"; (2) Shubina T V, Ivanov S V, Toropov A A, Kop'ev P S (Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg) "Plasmon effects in In(Ga)N-based nanostructures"; (3) Kurin V V (Institute of Physics of Microstructures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnii Novgorod) "Resonance scattering of light in nanostructured metallic and ferromagnetic films"; (4) Lagarkov A N , Sarychev A K (Institute of Theoretical and Applied Electrodynamics, Joint Institute of High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) "Active optical metamaterials"; (5) Gippius N A, Tikhodeev S G (Prokhorov Institute of General Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow) "Application of the scattering matrix method for calculating the optical properties of metamaterials." Summaries of reports 1-3 and 5 and of an article written on the basis of report 4 are given below. • Plasmon-polariton effects in nanostructured metal-dielectric photonic crystals and metamaterials, S G Tikhodeev, N A Gippius Physics-Uspekhi, 2009, Volume 52, Number 9, Pages 945-949 • Plasmon effects in In(Ga)N-based nanostructures, T V Shubina, S V Ivanov, A A Toropov, P S Kop'ev Physics-Uspekhi, 2009, Volume 52, Number 9, Pages 949-953 • Resonance scattering of light in nanostructured metallic and ferromagnetic films, V V Kurin Physics-Uspekhi, 2009, Volume 52, Number 9, Pages 953-959 • Superresolution and enhancement in metamaterials, A N Lagarkov, A K Sarychev, V N

  4. Effects of Magnetic and Non-Magnetic Impurities in MgB2: A Point-Contact Study of Single Crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daghero, D.

    2007-03-01

    We studied the effects of chemical substitutions, either magnetic (Mn) or non-magnetic (Al, C), on the energy gaps of MgB2 by means of directional point-contact spectroscopy (PCS) in state-of-the-art single crystals. Here we discuss two noticeable cases, i.e. Mg1-xMnxB2 crystals with x up to 0.015, and Mg1-xAlxB2 crystals with x up to 0.32. In both cases, we used a pressure-less PCS technique in which a thin Au wire is put in contact with the side surface of the crystal by means of a small drop of Ag paint. The gaps δσ and δπ were obtained through a two-band Blonder-Tinkham-Klapwijk (BTK) fit of the Andreev-reflection conductance curves of the resulting contacts. Both in Mn- and Al-doped MgB2, the gaps decrease on decreasing the critical temperature of the contacts, Tc^A (at which the Andreev-reflection structures disappear), but remain clearly distinct down to Tc^A˜10 K. Once analysed within the two-band Eliashberg theory, the δσ and δπ vs. Tc^A curves give information about the effects of Mn and Al substitutions on the different scattering channels (interband and intraband, magnetic or non-magnetic). It turns out that the main effect of Mn is to increase the spin-flip scattering within the σ band (with smaller contributions from either the π-π or the σ-π channels), as also confirmed by first-principle bandstructure calculations. In the case of Al, the band-filling effect is largely dominant. An increase in non-magnetic interband scattering is possible, but small enough not to give rise to gap merging. In collaboration with G.A. Ummarino, A. Calzolari, M. Tortello, D. Delaude, R.S. Gonnelli, Dipartimento di Fisica and CNISM, Politecnico di Torino, Italy; V.A. Stepanov, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russia; N.D. Zhigadlo, J. Karpinski, Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETHZ, Zurich, Switzerland; and S. Massidda, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitàdi Cagliari, Italy.

  5. Seismic Tomography of the Continental United States from a Joint Inversion of Surface Waves and Body Waves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golos, E. M.; Yao, H.; Zhang, H.; Fang, H.; Burdick, S.; Schaeffer, A. J.; Vernon, F.; Lebedev, S.; van der Hilst, R. D.

    2015-12-01

    We present a model of seismic velocity anomalies for the entire continental United States—coast to coast, surface to lower mantle—using a joint body wave-surface wave inversion. This technique (Zhang et al., 2014), performed on a global adaptively-spaced grid, exploits the good vertical resolution at shallow depths of surface wave data, and the sampling of the deep mantle by teleseismic body (P and S) waves. The resultant model has better resolution at all depths than either method alone, enabling evaluation of interactions between lithospheric and mantle processes. We utilize the depth-dependence of surface wave sensitivity kernels to express surface wave phase velocity data directly in terms of spatial velocity structure (Fang et al., 2015). The data used are Rayleigh wave phase velocities from earthquakes and ambient noise (Schaeffer and Lebedev, 2013; Ekström, 2014) and S phase travel times from USArray, measured at the Array National Facility (ANF). We include a suite of synthetic tests to verify the performance of the inversion and compare it to results from traditional tomographic methods. We also use P arrivals and the influence of Vp on Rayleigh wave propagation speed to generate a preliminary model of Vp variations, independent from but consistent with the Vs model. Our model corroborates the well-established pattern of slow anomalies in the western US, especially in the Basin and Range and Rio Grande Rift regions. New details emerge in the eastern US, thanks to increasing data from the region. A distinction is observed between widespread fast lithospheric anomalies, associated with stable cratonic material, and deeper fast features, associated with the remnants of the Farallon Plate. It has been proposed that these fragments, near the mantle transition zones, still affect mantle dynamics (Forte et al., 2007), so better resolution of these anomalies is an important advancement. In addition, slower velocities are observed beneath the Appalachians and

  6. Special data base of Informational - Computational System 'INM RAS - Black Sea' for solving inverse and data assimilation problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zakharova, Natalia; Piskovatsky, Nicolay; Gusev, Anatoly

    2014-05-01

    Development of Informational-Computational Systems (ICS) for data assimilation procedures is one of multidisciplinary problems. To study and solve these problems one needs to apply modern results from different disciplines and recent developments in: mathematical modeling; theory of adjoint equations and optimal control; inverse problems; numerical methods theory; numerical algebra and scientific computing. The above problems are studied in the Institute of Numerical Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Science (INM RAS) in ICS for personal computers. In this work the results on the Special data base development for ICS "INM RAS - Black Sea" are presented. In the presentation the input information for ICS is discussed, some special data processing procedures are described. In this work the results of forecast using ICS "INM RAS - Black Sea" with operational observation data assimilation are presented. This study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project No 13-01-00753) and by Presidium Program of Russian Academy of Sciences (project P-23 "Black sea as an imitational ocean model"). References 1. V.I. Agoshkov, M.V. Assovskii, S.A. Lebedev, Numerical simulation of Black Sea hydrothermodynamics taking into account tide-forming forces. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling (2012) 27, No.1, pp. 5-31. 2. E.I. Parmuzin, V.I. Agoshkov, Numerical solution of the variational assimilation problem for sea surface temperature in the model of the Black Sea dynamics. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling (2012) 27, No.1, pp. 69-94. 3. V.B. Zalesny, N.A. Diansky, V.V. Fomin, S.N. Moshonkin, S.G. Demyshev, Numerical model of the circulation of Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling (2012) 27, No.1, pp. 95-111. 4. Agoshkov V.I.,Assovsky M.B., Giniatulin S. V., Zakharova N.B., Kuimov G.V., Parmuzin E.I., Fomin V.V. Informational Computational system of variational assimilation of observation data "INM RAS - Black sea"// Ecological

  7. EDITORIAL: Cluster issue on microplasmas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chao, Chih C.; Liao, Jiunn-Der; Chang, Juu-En

    2008-10-01

    Ever since the first Workshop on Microplasmas, held in Japan in 2003, plasma scientists and engineers worldwide have been meeting approximately every 18 months to exchange and discuss the results of scientific research and technical applications of this unique type of plasma. Microplasmas are generally described as stable plasmas confined to spatial dimensions below about 1 mm that can be operated at pressures up to and exceeding atmospheric pressure. By their nature, this presents a wide range of opportunities and many advantages in practical applications, just a few examples being low energy consumption, small size, flexibility of use and ease of assembly into a user-friendly package. Nevertheless, there still remain several unanswered basic science questions and a largely untapped potential for environmental, biomedical and industrial applications. The fourth International Workshop on Microplasmas, held during 28-31 October 2007 in Tainan, Taiwan, continued the trend of previous Workshops with an orientation towards industrial and environmental applications. Many high-quality papers on microplasmas and microdischarges were presented and selected full papers were submitted to Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics for assessment by the editors and reviewers in accordance with the usual standards of quality and novelty. This Cluster Issue contains twelve accepted papers, covering four categories: fundamentals and basics, and environmental, biomedical and industrial applications. Fundamentals and basics includes coverage of the physics and microstructure of electrode discharge (Yu A Lebedev et al), the characteristics of low current discharge (Z Lj Petrović et al), plasma ignition (R Gesche et al), novel optical diagnostics (Schulz-von der Gathen et al), plasma generation and micronozzle flow (T Takahashi et al) and the relation between RF-power and atomic oxygen density distribution (N Knake et al). Environmental applications are represented by vapour

  8. Automated inter-station phase velocity measurements across the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Sharkawy, Amr; Weidle, Christian; Christiano, Luigia; Soomro, Riaz; Lebedev, Sergi; Meier, Thomas

    2016-04-01

    presented here. For selected inter-station paths, inversions for the 1D path-average S-wave velocity structure are shown. Our broadband surface wave measurements, utilizing the dense sampling of the area with newly available data, can offer important new insights into the structure and evolution of the lithosphere beneath the entire region. Key words: Surface waves, Fundamental modes, Dispersion Curves, Inversion, 1D Models. Reference: Soomro, R.A., C. Weidle, L. Cristiano, S. Lebedev, T. Meier. Phase velocities of Rayleigh and Love waves in central and northern Europe from automated, broadband, inter-station measurements, Geophys. J. Int., 204, 517-534, 2016.

  9. Variational data assimilation system "INM RAS - Black Sea"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parmuzin, Eugene; Agoshkov, Valery; Assovskiy, Maksim; Giniatulin, Sergey; Zakharova, Natalia; Kuimov, Grigory; Fomin, Vladimir

    2013-04-01

    Development of Informational-Computational Systems (ICS) for Data Assimilation Procedures is one of multidisciplinary problems. To study and solve these problems one needs to apply modern results from different disciplines and recent developments in: mathematical modeling; theory of adjoint equations and optimal control; inverse problems; numerical methods theory; numerical algebra and scientific computing. The problems discussed above are studied in the Institute of Numerical Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Science (INM RAS) in ICS for Personal Computers (PC). Special problems and questions arise while effective ICS versions for PC are being developed. These problems and questions can be solved with applying modern methods of numerical mathematics and by solving "parallelism problem" using OpenMP technology and special linear algebra packages. In this work the results on the ICS development for PC-ICS "INM RAS - Black Sea" are presented. In the work the following problems and questions are discussed: practical problems that can be studied by ICS; parallelism problems and their solutions with applying of OpenMP technology and the linear algebra packages used in ICS "INM - Black Sea"; Interface of ICS. The results of ICS "INM RAS - Black Sea" testing are presented. Efficiency of technologies and methods applied are discussed. The work was supported by RFBR, grants No. 13-01-00753, 13-05-00715 and by The Ministry of education and science of Russian Federation, project 8291, project 11.519.11.1005 References: [1] V.I. Agoshkov, M.V. Assovskii, S.A. Lebedev, Numerical simulation of Black Sea hydrothermodynamics taking into account tide-forming forces. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling (2012) 27, No.1, 5-31 [2] E.I. Parmuzin, V.I. Agoshkov, Numerical solution of the variational assimilation problem for sea surface temperature in the model of the Black Sea dynamics. Russ. J. Numer. Anal. Math. Modelling (2012) 27, No.1, 69-94 [3] V.B. Zalesny, N.A. Diansky, V

  10. Density Structure of the Upper Mantle in the Middle East and Surroundings: Interaction of Diverse Tectonic Processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaban, M. K.; El Khrepy, S.; Al-Arifi, N. S.

    2015-12-01

    The Middle East is a very complex region combining several tectonic regimes, which are linked together. Density heterogeneity of the upper mantle, which is related to temperature and compositional variations, is one of the principal factors governing tectonic processes. Therefore, a comprehensive density model of the upper mantle is a key for understanding of these processes. Here we use seismic, gravity and tomography data to construct a 3D density model of the lithosphere and upper mantle and to identify main factors responsible for density variations. At the first stage we use a recent crustal model (Stolk et al., 2013) to estimate gravity effect of the crust and to remove it from the observed fields. As a result, the residual mantle gravity anomalies and residual topography are calculated. In addition we remove the impact of deep density variations below 325 km as estimated by a recent instantaneous dynamic model of the mantle (Kaban et al., 2014). We invert the residual fields jointly with seismic tomography data to image density distribution within the crust and upper mantle. The inversion technique accounts for the fact that the residual gravity and residual topography are controlled by the same factors but in a different way, e.g. depending on depth and wavelength. This provides a possibility for remarkably better vertical resolution of the resulting density model. As the initial approximation, we employ the seismic tomography model of Schaeffer and Lebedev (2013). Velocity variations are converted to density by applying mineral physics constrains. This model is adjusted in the inversion to fit both residual mantle gravity and topography. The obtained density variations are very significant; their amplitude somewhere exceeds 60 kg/m3 relative to a reference model. The most pronounced decrease of the mantle density corresponds to the Gulf of Aden spreading axis, the Red sea and the Afar zone. The maximum density of the upper mantle is associated with the

  11. Ten Years Timing of Millisecond Pulsars at Kalyazin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ilyasov, Yu. P.; Oreshko, V. V.

    2006-08-01

    Precise timing of millisecond binary pulsars has been started at Kalyazin radio astronomical observatory since 1995. (Tver' region, Russia). Binary pulsars: J0613-02, J1020+10, J1640+22, J1643-12, J1713+07, J2145-07 and isolated millisecond pulsar B1937+21 have been included among the Kalayazin Pulsar Timing Array (KPTA). The Backer's pulsar B1937+21 is being monitored at Kalyazin observatory (0.6 GHz) and Kashima space research centre of the National Institute of Communication Technology (NICT, Japan) (2.2 GHz) simultaneously from 1996, as well. .At Kalyazin pulsars are observed at 0.6 GHz by a full steerable 64-m dish radio telescope RT-64 of the Special Research Bureau of the Moscow Power Engineering Institute. Filter-bank receiver of PRAO Lebedev Physical Institute is used for observations in two circular polarizations by 80 channels per each. Bandwidth per channel is 40 kHz, so total band is 3.2 MHz and time resolution is about 10 μs per channel. Now a perfect data base of pulses Time of Arrival (TOA) are collected with refer to the Solar system barycenter for about 10 years period. Main aim is: a) to study Pulsar Time and to establish a long-term standard of time based on pulsars ensemble as space long life clock alternative to atomic standards; b) to detect gravitational waves extremely low frequency belong to the Gravity Wave Background - GWB. After ten years monitoring of B1937+21 its timing noise is looking as "white phase noise" with RMS about 1.8 μs.( Fractional instability is about 6.10^-15). After these data and timing results of binary pulsar J1640+22 gravitational natural GWB upper limit should be reduced till to less than Ω[g]h^2 <10^-7-10^ -9 . Secular changes of DM toward millisecond pulsar B1937+21 was revealed after long time two frequency timing observations (Kalyazin -0,6 and Kashima -2.3).

  12. 3D structural model of the North Alpine Foreland Basin, Bavarian Part

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Przybycin, Anna M.; Scheck-Wenderoth, Magdalena; Schneider, Michael

    2013-04-01

    under the Alps. Comparing it to recently published LABs (e.g. Legendre et al. 2012) a good match can be noticed concerning the overall depth trend. References Birner, Mayr, Thomas, Schneider, Baumann & Winkler (2011) "Hydrochemistry and evolution of deep groundwaters in the Malm aquifer in the Bavarian part of the South German Molasse Basin"; Zeitschrift Geologischer Wissenschaften 39 (3/4) Legendre, Meier, Lebedev, Friedrich and Viereck-Götte (2012) "A shear wave velocity ,odel oft he European upper mantle from automated inversion of seismic shear and surface waveforms", Geophysical Journal International 191, 282-304 Lüschen, Borrini, Gebrande, Lammerer, Millahn, Neubauer, Nicolich (2006) "TRANSALP - deep crustal Vibroseis and explosive seismic profiling in the Eastern Alps", Tectonophysics 414

  13. On searching applicants for mechanism of solar-lithosphere relations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kairatkyzy, Dina; Andreyev, Alexey; Zhumabayeva, Saltanat; Seraliyev, Alibek

    2016-04-01

    It is actively discussed at present a question on possible influence of solar activity (high-speed solar wind streams bearing the "frozen" magnetic field lines of the Sun) on the stress status of the lithosphere and, consequently, on the Earth's seismic activity (e.g. Zhang, 1998, Acta Seismologica Sinica; Khachikyan et al., EGU2016-2754-1; IUGG2015-3132). There are at least two ideas on possible applicants for physical mechanism of solar-lithosphere relations: (i) - the muons of cosmic rays, which can penetrate the Earth's crust to a depth of at least the first ten kilometers and in tense seismic environment generate nuclear-electromagnetic cascade which energy can be a trigger of earthquake (Tsarev and Chechin, 1988, Preprint № 179, Physical Institute after Lebedev, Moscow); (ii) - the geomagnetic storms (Sobolev et al., 1998, Physics of the Earth #7) when the high-frequency oscillations of the geomagnetic field during the main phase of the storm generate significant induction currents which electric energy entering into the crust can be converted into mechanical energy increasing the stress status of the lithosphere (Sobolev and Demin, Mechano-electric phenomena into the Earth. M . Nauka. 1980). Besides this, among the possible cosmogenic factors changing the stress state of the lithosphere, could be the variation of the angular velocity of rotation of the Earth (e.g. Bostrom, 2000. Tectonic consequence of the Earth's Rotation), if it depends on solar activity variations. More of 50 years ago, Munk and Donald (The Rotation of the Earth, Cambrige University Press, 1960) suggested that the interaction between solar wind and geomagnetic field would probably influence the short period variation of angular velocity of the Earth. In this work, we check up this suggestion on the base of very precise data on the length of day (LOD) from 1986 to the present, which are presented by the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS). Using the methods

  14. Observations of late-type variable stars in the water-vapor radio line. The supergiant VX Sagittarii

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pashchenko, M. I.; Rudnitskii, G. M.

    1999-05-01

    Observations of the circumstellar maser emission of the M supergiant VX Sgr in the water-vapor line at 1.35 cm are presented. The observations were carried out from 1981-1998 (JD 2 444 655-2 450 966) on the 22-m radio telescope of the Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory of the Astro Space Center of the Lebedev Institute of Physics. Throughout the 17 years of the observations, there were two groups of emission features in the H2O-line profile, which originate in the two oppositely directed lobes of a bipolar outflow from the star. A redistribution of the integrated flux F_int between the two groups of features was noted: in 1981-1987, the group with negative velocities (V_LSR < V_*, where V_* is the stellar velocity) dominated; starting from 1993, F_int for the features with V_LSR > V_* slightly exceeded that for features with V_LSR < V_*. This redistribution of F_int in the H2O-line profile may be associated with a change in the dominant direction for the bipolar outflow due to restructuring of the overall dipolar magnetic field of VX Sgr. A model for the VX Sgr H2O maser source with a circumstellar disk and bipolar outflow in two cones with half-opening angle theta ~ 60deg is discussed. The axis of the bipolar outflow also forms an angle i ~ 60deg to the line of sight. The estimated bipolar-outflow expansion velocity V_0 in the H2O-maser region (R = (1.5-5) x 10^15 cm) is ~10 km/s. The variability of the H2O maser is correlated with the visual light curve of VX Sgr. However, the phase delay delta phi of the F_int(H2O) variations relative to the optical variations changed form 0 to ~1 stellar period (P = 732d) over the time covered by the maser observations. If the variability of the H2O-maser source is the result of periodic impacts of shock waves driven by stellar pulsations, the travel time for the shock from the photosphere to the inner boundary of the H2O maser shell may be as long as (10-15)P.

  15. PREFACE: Third International Workshop & Summer School on Plasma Physics 2008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benova, E.; Dias, F. M.; Lebedev, Yu

    2010-01-01

    participants who sent their manuscripts and passed through the (sometimes heavy and troublesome) refereeing and editing procedure and our referees for their patience and considerable effort to improve the manuscripts. We greatly appreciate the financial support from the sponsors: the Department for Language Teaching and International Students at the University of Sofia, the Austrian Science and Research Liason Offices and the Bulgarian Nuclear Society. We would like to express our gratitude to the invited lecturers who were willing to pay the participation fee. In this way, in addition to the intellectual support they provided by means of their excellent lectures, they also supported the school financially. E Benova, F M Dias and Yu Lebedev

  16. TeV AGN Observation by SHALON: Far Quasars 1739+522 (z=1.375) and 3C454.3 (z=0.859) in Comparision with MKN421 and MKN 501

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinitsyna, V. G.; Arsov, T. P.; Borisov, S. S.; Malyshko, A. A.; Musin, F. I.; Nikolsky, S. I.; Sinitsyna, V. Y.; Platonov, G. F.

    2006-01-01

    The cosmological processes connecting matter structure physics with its superdense quasistable state in the active galactic nuclei will be observed only by the energy spectra of their electromagnetic radiation and may be in future by the high-energy neutrino flux. So the possibilities of the experimental studying of the concrete stellar object properties and processes are expanding. The greater place in modern physics and astrophysics is acquired by researches of galactic and metagalactic objects, where the proton and nucleus acceleration processes, accompanying with generation of not dissipated by magnetic fields of Universe gamma-quanta and neutrinos, will be realized. These researches are carried out by SHALON mirror telescope on the Tien-Shan high mountainous station. Created in Lebedev Physical Institute and installed 1991-1992 years in Alatoo mountains at 3338m high, the SHALON mirror telescope with matrix of 144 PMT and full angle of > 8°during 1992-2004 years was used for observation of metagalactic sources: Mkn421, Mkn501, NGC1275, 3c454.3, 1739+522 and galactic sources: Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, Tycho's SNR, Geminga, 2129+47XR. The new metagalactic sources of gamma-quanta with energy more than 0.8TeV are detected. It is the Seyfert galaxy NGC1275 with flux of (0.78 ± 0.13) • 10-12cm-2s-1, as well active galactic nuclei 3c454.3 and 1739+522 (z=0.859 and z=1.375) with flux of (0.43 ± 0.13) • 10-12cm-2s-1 and (0.53 ± 0.10) • 10-12cm-2s-1 accordingly. The most far metagalactic source 1739+522 with red shift of z=1.375, is also most powerful. But the spectral distribution of emitting gamma-quanta differs from average on other known metagalactic sources F(>E)˜E: Mkn 421 (z=0.031) k=-1.53±0.41; Mkn 501 (z=0.034) k=-1.89±0.11 and for far sources - 3c454.3 (z=0.859) k=-1.20±0.17; 1739+522 (z=1.375) k=-1.10±0.06. Thus, the energy spectrum of Mkn421, Mkn501 quasars at range 1012 1013 eV differs from spectra of 1739+522 and 3c454.3 far quasars that don

  17. EDITORIAL: The 18th Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics The 18th Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sánchez-Soto, Luis L.; Man'ko, Margarita A.

    2012-02-01

    decided that Physica Scripta could offer a poster prize (200 euros + certificate) for young scientists (less than 30 years old) at the annual CEWQO conference. A panel of experts was formed to judge the posters which included Apostol Vourdas, University of Bradford, UK (Chairman), Alberto Ibort, University Carlos III of Madrid, Spain, Andrei Klimov, University of Guadalajara, Mexico, Margarita A Man'ko, P N Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia and Antonino Messina, University of Palermo, Italy. The poster ''How can we check the uncertainty relation?'' by Vladimir Chernega, PhD student of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, won the prize. The 19th Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics will be held in Sinaia, Romania on 2-6 July 2012. It will be chaired by Professor Aurelian Isar from the Horia Hulubei National Institute for Research and Development in Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest.

  18. PREFACE: International Workshop '60 Years of the Casimir Effect'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barton, Gabriel; Carugno, Giovanni; Dodonov, Victor; Man'ko, Margarita

    2009-07-01

    consists of work devoted to the current status of the theory and measurements related to Casimir forces. Readers must be warned that some topics in this field of research remain controversial (especially the dependence on temperature): they can and do generate debates that sometimes become quite heated. These controversies are reflected in the papers. We believe that at present it is not the business of conference organisers to adjudicate such issues, and hope that detailed expositions of different approaches and different points of view will help readers to formulate their own, and will eventually lead to a better understanding of the problems and of the solutions proposed. The other three groups contain contributions bearing on (1) topics related to causes and consequences of Casimir effects in quantum field theory and gravitation; (2) the so-called dynamical (or nonstationary) Casimir effect and motion-induced radiation, (3) some new manifestations and applications of the Casimir effect. We are grateful to the authors for making their papers so interesting; to the referees for their careful reading of the initial versions, and for their many helpful comments and suggestions; to the Institute of Physics for its kindness in offering to publish these Proceedings in Journal of Physics: Conference Series; and to the Institute of Physics office at the Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow for essential help in the preparation of this volume. On behalf of the participants of the workshop, we thank the direction and staff of the ICCMP for their splendid organization of the event. Finally we acknowledge the support of the Brazilian scientific funding agencies FAP-DF and CNPQ, which covered the local and travel expenses of many participants. The Editors Gabriel Barton (University of Sussex, Brighton, UK) Giovanni Carugno (INFN - Sezione di Padova, Italy) Victor Dodonov (University of Brasilia, Brazil) Margarita Man'ko (Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia) Workshop

  19. PREFACE: 30th EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koch, R.; Lebedev, S.

    2003-12-01

    The 30th EPS Conference on Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics took place in St Petersburg, Russian Federation, on 7th--11th July 2003. It was jointly organized by the Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, the St Petersburg State Polytechnical University and Technical University Applied Physics Ltd, on behalf of the Plasma Physics Division of the European Physical Society (EPS). The members of the local organizing committee were drawn from these institutions: B Kuteev, Chair, Polytechnical University S Lebedev, Vice-Chair, Ioffe Institute A Lebedev, Scientific Secretary, Ioffe Institute V Bakharev, TUAP Ltd V Grigor'yants, Ioffe Institute V Sergeev, Polytechnical University N Zhubr, Ioffe Institute Over the years, the annual conference of the Plasma Physics Division of the European Physical Society has widened its scope. Contributions to the present conference covered widely diversified fields of plasma physics, ranging from magnetic and inertial fusion to low temperature plasmas. Plasma sizes under investigation ranged from tiny to astronomical. The topics covered during the conference were distributed over the following categories: tokamaks, stellarators, high intensity laser produced plasmas and inertial confinement, alternative magnetic confinement, plasma edge physics, plasma heating and current drive, diagnostics, basic plasma physics, astrophysical and geophysical plasmas and low temperature plasmas. The scientific programme and paper selection were the responsibility of the Programme Committee appointed by the Board of the EPS Plasma Physics Division. The committee was composed of: R Koch, Chairman, ERM/KMS Brussels, Belgium E Ascasibar, CIEMAT Madrid, Spain S Atzeni, Università di Roma, Italy G Bonhomme, LPMI Nancy, France C Chiuderi, Università di Firenze, Italy B Kuteev, St Petersburg State Polytechnical,University, Russian Federation M Mauel, Contact person APS-DPP, Columbia University New York, USA R A Pitts, EPFL/CRPP Lausanne, Switzerland R Salomaa

  20. Applications of High Intensity Proton Accelerators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raja, Rajendran; Mishra, Shekhar

    2010-06-01

    Superconducting radiofrequency linac development at Fermilab / S. D. Holmes -- Rare muon decay experiments / Y. Kuno -- Rare kaon decays / D. Bryman -- Muon collider / R. B. Palmer -- Neutrino factories / S. Geer -- ADS and its potential / J.-P. Revol -- ADS history in the USA / R. L. Sheffield and E. J. Pitcher -- Accelerator driven transmutation of waste: high power accelerator for the European ADS demonstrator / J. L. Biarrotte and T. Junquera -- Myrrha, technology development for the realisation of ADS in EU: current status & prospects for realisation / R. Fernandez ... [et al.] -- High intensity proton beam production with cyclotrons / J. Grillenberger and M. Seidel -- FFAG for high intensity proton accelerator / Y. Mori -- Kaon yields for 2 to 8 GeV proton beams / K. K. Gudima, N. V. Mokhov and S. I. Striganov -- Pion yield studies for proton driver beams of 2-8 GeV kinetic energy for stopped muon and low-energy muon decay experiments / S. I. Striganov -- J-Parc accelerator status and future plans / H. Kobayashi -- Simulation and verification of DPA in materials / N. V. Mokhov, I. L. Rakhno and S. I. Striganov -- Performance and operational experience of the CNGS facility / E. Gschwendtner -- Particle physics enabled with super-conducting RF technology - summary of working group 1 / D. Jaffe and R. Tschirhart -- Proton beam requirements for a neutrino factory and muon collider / M. S. Zisman -- Proton bunching options / R. B. Palmer -- CW SRF H linac as a proton driver for muon colliders and neutrino factories / M. Popovic, C. M. Ankenbrandt and R. P. Johnson -- Rapid cycling synchrotron option for Project X / W. Chou -- Linac-based proton driver for a neutrino factory / R. Garoby ... [et al.] -- Pion production for neutrino factories and muon colliders / N. V. Mokhov ... [et al.] -- Proton bunch compression strategies / V. Lebedev -- Accelerator test facility for muon collider and neutrino factory R&D / V. Shiltsev -- The superconducting RF linac for muon

  1. CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA: Commemoration of the centenary of the birth of Academician L A Artsimovich(Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 February 2009; Joint session of the Research Council of the Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Rosatom State Corporation, 18 March 2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khalatnikov, Isaak M.; Fortov, Vladimir E.; Makarov, Aleksandr A.; Fridman, Aleksei M.; Martynenko, Yurii V.

    2009-12-01

    The scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) devoted to the centenary of the birth of Academician L A Artsimovich was held on 18 February 2009 in the conference hall of the P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The following reports were presented at the session: (1) Khalatnikov I M (L D Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, RAS, Chernogolovka, Moscow region) "Nonaccidental coincidences (Lev Andreevich Artsimovich)"; (2) Pashinin P P (A M Prokhorov Institute of General Physics, RAS, Moscow) "L A Artsimovich and inertial thermonuclear fusion"; (3) Fortov V E (Institute of Thermophysics of Extreme States of the Joint Institute for High Temperatures, RAS, Moscow) "High-power shock waves and extreme states of plasma"; (4) Fridman A M (Institute of Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) "Prediction and discovery of ultrastrong hydrodynamic instabilities caused by a velocity jump: theory and experiment"; (5) Smirnov V P (Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Retracing Artsimovich's path to the thermonuclear source of energy". On 18 March 2009, a joint session of the Learned Council of the Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (RNTsKI in Russ. abbr.), the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Rosatom State Corporation took place at RNTsKI; the session was devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician L A Artsimovich. The following talks were presented at the session: (1) Velikhov E P (Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Academician L A Artsimovich—the founder of our field of science and industry"; (2) Smirnov V P (Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow) "Retracing Artsimovich's path to the thermonuclear source of energy"; (3) Boyarchuk A A (Division of General Physics and Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) "L A Artsimovich and astronomy"; (4) Martynenko Yu V (Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Moscow

  2. Commemoration of the centenary of the birth of Academician S N Vernov(Joint scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Department of Physics of M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, 16 June 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-02-01

    On 16 June 2010, a joint scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Joint Physical Society of the Russian Federation, Scientific Council of the Department of Physics of Moscow State University (MSU), Scientific Council of the MSU SINP, RAS Council on Space Research, Coordination Scientific and Technical Council of the Federal Space Agency, RAS Scientific Council on the Integrated Problem of Cosmic Rays and RAS Scientific Council on Physics of Solar-Terrestrial Relations took place at the R V Khokhlov central physics auditorium of the MSU Department of Physics. The session was devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician Sergei Nikolaevich Vernov.The agenda of the session announced on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division listed the following reports:Ryazhskaya O G (RAS Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow) "Opening address"; (1) Matveev V A (RAS Physical Sciences Division, Moscow) "A few words about S N Vernov" (2) Sadovnichy V A (M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "S N Vernov as a scientist at Moscow State University"; (3) Trukhin V I (M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "S N Vernov as a professor in the MSU Department of Physics"; (4) Panasyuk M I (D V Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of M V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Cosmic ray astrophysics before and after 1957"; (5) Dergachev V A (RAS A F Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg) "S N Vernov and space physics: Apatity-Leningrad, 1968-1983"; (6) Stozhkov Yu I ( P N Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow) "S N Vernov and ground-breaking studies of cosmic rays in the stratosphere"; (7) Berezhko E G, Krymsky G F (Yu G Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aeronomy of the SB RAS Yakutsk Scientific Center, Yakutsk) "S N Vernov and cosmic ray research in Yakutia".Texts of the articles based on the reports presented are printed below. • Opening address, O

  3. Celebrating the 65th anniversary of the Russian Federal Nuclear Center — All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 6 October 2010)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2011-04-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) took place on 6 October 2010 in the Conference Hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS (FIAN) on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of founding of the Russian Federal Nuclear Center — All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF).The agenda of the session announced on the website www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division listed the following reports: (1) Ilkaev R I (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region). Opening remarks "On the fundamental physics research programs at RFNC-VNIIEF" (2) Mikhailov A L (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region) "Hydrodynamic instabilities in various media"; (3) Trunin R F (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region) "Study of extreme states of metals using shock waves"; (4) Ivanovskii A V (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region) "Explosive magnetic energy generators and their application in research"; (5) Podurets A M (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region) "X-ray studies of the structure of matter in shock waves"; (6) Garanin S G (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region) "High-power lasers in studies of the physics of hot, dense plasma and thermonuclear fusion"; (7) Selemir V D (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region) "Physics research in ultrahigh magnetic fields"; (8) Mkhitar'yan L S (RFNC-VNIIEF, Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region) "Gasdynamic thermonuclear fusion."Articles based on reports 1-7 are published below. An extended version of report 3 written as a review paper will be published in a later issue of Physics-Uspekhi. • Fundamental physics research at the All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics, R I Ilkaev Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 4, Pages 387-392 • Hydrodynamic instabilities, A L Mikhailov, N V Nevmerzhitskii, V A Raevskii Physics-Uspekhi, 2011, Volume 54, Number 4, Pages 392-397 • Extreme states of metals: investigation using shock

  4. CONFERENCES AND SYMPOSIA: Seventy years of the Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Waves Propagation (IZMIRAN) (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 25 November 2009)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-08-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IZMIRAN) (Troitsk, Moscow region) was held in the conference hall of IZMIRAN on 25 November 2009. The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the web site www.gpad.ac.ru of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS: (1) Gurevich A V (Lebedev Physical Institute RAS, Moscow) "The role of cosmic rays and runaway electron breakdown in atmospheric lightning discharges"; (2) Aleksandrov E B (Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, St. Petersburg) "Advances in quantum magnetometry for geomagnetic research"; (3) Dorman L I (IZMIRAN, Troitsk, Moscow region, CR & SWC, Israel) "Cosmic ray variations and space weather"; (4) Mareev E A (Institute of Applied Physics, RAS, Nizhnii Novgorod) "Global electric circuit research: achievements and prospects"; (5) Tereshchenko E D, Safargaleev V V (Polar Geophysical Institute, Kola Research Center, RAS, Murmansk) "Geophysical research in Spitsbergen Archipelago: status and prospects"; (6) Gulyaev Yu V, Armand N A, Efimov A I, Matyugov S S, Pavelyev A G, Savich N A, Samoznaev L N, Smirnov V V, Yakovlev O I (Kotel'nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics RAS, Fryazino Branch, Fryazino, Moscow region) "Results of solar wind and planetary ionosphere research using radiophysical methods"; (7) Kunitsyn V E (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow) "Satellite radio probing and the radio tomography of the ionosphere"; (8) Kuznetsov V D (IZMIRAN, Troitsk, Moscow region) "Space Research at the Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, Russian Academy of Sciences." Papers based on reports 2-8 are published below. The main contents of report 1 are reproduced in A V Gurevich's review, "Nonlinear effects in the ionosphere" [Phys. Usp. 50

  5. The subglacial Lake Vostok (East Antarctica) surface snow is Earth-bound DNA (and dust)-free

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bulat, S.; Marie, D.; Bulat, E.; Alekhina, I.; Petit, J.-R.

    2012-09-01

    The objective was to assess the microbial cell abundance in the surface snow in Central East Antarctica and the fate of microbial genomic DNA during summer short-time exposure to surface climatic (and radiation) conditions at Vostok using flow cytometry and DNA-based methods. The surface snow (until 4m deep) was collected as clean as possible in the vicinity of the Vostok station (3 sites - courtesy of A Ekaykin and ASC Lebedev Physical Iinstitute RAS) and towards the Progress station (4 more sites with one just 29km from the coast - courtesy of A Ekaykin and S Popov) in specially decontaminated plastic crates or containers of various volumes (up to 75 kg of snow). All subsequent snow treatment manipulations (melting, concentrating, genomic DNA extraction, primary PCR set up) were performed in clean room laboratory facilities (LGGE, UJF-CNRS, Grenoble, France). Cell concentrations were determined on meltwater aliquots prepared under clean room conditions using flow cytofluorometry (Biostation, Roscoff, France). The highly concentrated meltwater (until 10000 times down) was used to extract gDNA which were subjected to bacterial 16S rRNA genes amplification in PCR and sequencing. The gDNA of a complex mesophile microbial community for exposure trials were also prepared and put onto a filter under strict clean room conditions. The filters were got exposed open to solar radiation and surface temperature at Vostok during January for various time duration periods (from 25 to 1 day). As a result no microbial cells were confidently detected in surface snow samples differed by sampling sites and people asked to collect as well. Complementary the mineral dust particle abundance did not exceed 16 mkg per liter with the particle size mode about 2.5 mkm as shown using Coulter counter. Preliminary amongst the microparticles no unusual findings (e.g. spherules of cosmic origin) were observed by shape and element composition using electron scanning microscopy. The gDNA studies

  6. EDITORIAL: Semiconductor lasers: the first fifty years Semiconductor lasers: the first fifty years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calvez, S.; Adams, M. J.

    2012-09-01

    achievements in the June 1987 Special Issue of IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics. The Millennium Issue of IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics presented a further set of articles on historical aspects of the subject as well as a 'snapshot' of current research in June 2000. It is not the intention here to duplicate any of this historical material that is already available, but rather to complement it with personal recollections from researchers who were involved in laser development in the USA, France, Russia and the UK. Hence, in addition to fascinating accounts of the discovery of the theoretical condition for stimulated emission from semiconductors and of the pioneering work at IBM, there are two complementary views of the laser research at the Lebedev Institute, and personal insights into the developments at STL and at Bell Laboratories. These are followed by an account of the scientific and technological connections between the early pioneering breakthroughs and the commercialisation of semiconductor laser products. Turning to the papers from today's researchers, there is coverage of many of the current 'hot' topics including quantum cascade lasers, mid-infrared lasers, high-power lasers, the exciting developments in understanding and exploiting the nonlinear dynamics of lasers, and photonic integrated circuits with extremely high communication data capacity, as well as reports of recent progress on laser materials such as dilute nitrides and bismides, photonic crystals, quantum dots and organic semiconductors. Thanks are due to Jarlath McKenna for sterling support from IOP Publishing and to Peter Blood for instigating this Special Issue and inviting us to serve as Guest Editors.

  7. PREFACE: Particles and Fields: Classical and Quantum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asorey, M.; Clemente-Gallardo, J.; Marmo, G.

    2007-07-01

    , Germany) G. F. Dell Antonio (Universitá di Roma La Sapienza, Italy) A. Galindo (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain) S. L. Glashow (Boston University, USA) A. M. Gleeson (University of Texas, Austin, USA) C. R. Hagen (Rochester University, NY, USA) J. Klauder (University of Florida, Gainesville, USA) A. Kossakowski (University of Torun, Poland) V.I. Manko (Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia) G. Marmo (Universitá Federico II di Napoli e INFN Sezione di Napoli, Italy) N. Mukunda (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India) J. V. Narlikar (Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune, India) J. Nilsson (University of Goteborg, Sweden) S. Okubo (Rochester University, NY, USA) T. Regge (Politecnico di Torino, Italy) W. Schleich (University of Ulm, Germany) M. Scully (Texas A& M University, USA) S. Weinberg (University of Texas, Austin, USA)

    Local Organizing Committee

  8. 100th anniversary of the birth of I Ya Pomeranchuk (Extended session of the all-institute seminar at the Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 5 - 6 June 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-02-01

    On 5 - 6 June 2013, an extended session of the all-institute seminar was held at the Russian Federation State Scientific Center 'Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics' (ITEP). It was devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician Isaak Yakovlevich Pomeranchuk, the founder of the Theory Department of ITEP. The announced agenda of the session on the ITEP website http://www.itep.ru/rus/Pomeranchuk100.html contained the following reports: (1) Gershtein S S (SRC 'Institute for High Energy Physics', Protvino, Moscow region) "I Ya Pomeranchuk and the large accelerator";(2) Keldysh L V (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS (FIAN), Moscow) "Dynamic tunneling";(3) Vaks V G (National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (NRC KI), Moscow) "Brief reminiscences";(4) Smilga A V (Laboratoire Physique Subatomique et des technologies associées, Université de Nantes, France) "Vacuum structure in 3D supersymmetric gauge theories";(5) Khriplovich I B (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk) "Gravitational four-fermion interaction and early Universe dynamics";(6) Dremin I M (FIAN, Moscow) "Elastic scattering of hadrons";(7) Belavin A A (Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, RAS, Moscow) "Correlators in minimal string models";(8) Voloshin M B (Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, USA) "Exotic quarkonium";(9) Nekrasov N A (Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHES), France) "BPS/CFT correspondence";(10) Zarembo K (Uppsala Universitet, Sweden) "Exact results in supersymmetric theories and AdS/CFT correspondence";(11) Gorsky A S (ITEP, Moscow) "Baryon as a dyon instanton";(12) Blinnikov S I (ITEP, Moscow) "Mirror substance and other models for dark matter";(13) Rubakov V A (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Test-tube Universe";(14) Kancheli O V (ITEP, Moscow) "50 years of reggistics";(15) Shevchenko V I (NRC KI) "In search of the chiral magnetic effect";(16) Kirilin V P (ITEP, Moscow) "Anomalies and

  9. Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Portree, David S. F.; Trevino, Robert C.

    1997-01-01

    display the large num- ber of flights in which EVA played a role. This approach also makes apparent significant EVA gaps, for example, the U.S. gap between 1985 and 1991 following the Challenger accident. This NASA History Monograph is an edited extract from an extensive EVA Chronology and Reference Book being produced by the EVA Project Office, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas. The larger work will be published as part of the NASA Formal Series in 1998. The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance rendered by Max Ary, Ashot Bakunts, Gert-Jan Bartelds, Frank Cepollina, Andrew Chaikin, Phillip Clark, Richard Fullerton, Steven Glenn, Linda Godwin, Jennifer Green, Greg Harris, Clifford Hess, Jeffrey Hoffman, David Homan, Steven Hopkins, Nicholas Johnson, Eric Jones, Neville Kidger, Joseph Kosmo, Alexei Lebedev, Mark Lee, James LeBlanc, Dmitri Leshchenskii, Jerry Linenger, Igor Lissov, James McBarron, Clay McCullough, Joseph McMann, Story Musgrave, Dennis Newkirk, James Oberg, Joel Powell, Lee Saegesser, Andy Salmon, Glen Swanson, Joseph Tatarewicz, Kathy Thornton, Chris Vandenberg, Charles Vick, Bert Vis, David Woods, Mike Wright, John Young, and Keith Zimmerman. Special thanks to Laurie Buchanan, John Charles, Janet Kovacevich, Joseph Loftus, Sue McDonald, Martha Munies, Colleen Rapp, and Jerry Ross. Any errors remain the responsibility of the authors.

  10. EDITORIAL: Squeezed states and uncertainty relations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jauregue-Renaud, Rocio; Kim, Young S.; Man'ko, Margarita A.; Moya-Cessa, Hector

    2004-06-01

    This special issue of Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics is composed mainly of extended versions of talks and papers presented at the Eighth International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations held in Puebla, Mexico on 9-13 June 2003. The Conference was hosted by Instituto de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica, and the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. This series of meetings began at the University of Maryland, College Park, USA, in March 1991. The second and third workshops were organized by the Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow, Russia, in 1992 and by the University of Maryland Baltimore County, USA, in 1993, respectively. Afterwards, it was decided that the workshop series should be held every two years. Thus the fourth meeting took place at the University of Shanxi in China and was supported by the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). The next three meetings in 1997, 1999 and 2001 were held in Lake Balatonfüred, Hungary, in Naples, Italy, and in Boston, USA, respectively. All of them were sponsored by IUPAP. The ninth workshop will take place in Besançon, France, in 2005. The conference has now become one of the major international meetings on quantum optics and the foundations of quantum mechanics, where most of the active research groups throughout the world present their new results. Accordingly this conference has been able to align itself to the current trend in quantum optics and quantum mechanics. The Puebla meeting covered most extensively the following areas: quantum measurements, quantum computing and information theory, trapped atoms and degenerate gases, and the generation and characterization of quantum states of light. The meeting also covered squeeze-like transformations in areas other than quantum optics, such as atomic physics, nuclear physics, statistical physics and relativity, as well as optical devices. There were many new participants at this meeting, particularly

  11. Seismic signature of crustal magma and fluid from deep seismic sounding data across Tengchong volcanic area

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, Z. M.; Zhang, Z. Z.; Wang, C. Y.; Klemperer, S. L.

    2012-04-01

    . There are typical tectonic and deep origin mechanisms for the moderate-strong earthquakes nearby SP Tuantian, and precaution should be added on this area in case of the potential earthquake. Our fusion image also clearly revealed that there exist two remarkable positions on the Moho discontinuity through which the heat from the upper mantle was transmitted upward, and this is attributed to the widely distributed hot material within the crust and upper mantle. We acknowledge the financial support of the Ministry of Land and Resources of China (SinoProbe-02-02), and the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 41074033 and No. 40830315). Key Words: Seismic Signature, Magma, Tengchong Volcanic Area, Deep Seismic Sounding, Seismic Attribute Fusion Li, Chang, van der Hilst, D., Meltzer, A.S., Engdahl, E.R., 2008. Subduction of the Indian lithosphere beneath the Tibetan Plateau and Burma. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 274. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.016. Lebedev, S., van der Hilst, R.D., 2008. Global upper-mantle tomography with the automated multi-mode surface and S waveforms. Geophys. J. Int. 173 (2), 505-518. Wang C.Y. and Huangfu G.. 2004. Crustal structure in Tengchong Volcano-Geothermal Area, western Yunnan, China. Tectonophysics, 380: 69-87.

  12. PREFACE: 11th IAEA Technical Meeting on H-mode Physics and Transport Barriers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takizuka, Tomonori

    2008-07-01

    Takizuka (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan: Chair) R J Groebner (General Atomics, USA) T S Hahm (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, USA) A E Hubbard (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, USA) K Ida (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) S V Lebedev (Ioffe Institute, Russia) G Saibene (EFDA CSU Garching, Germany) W Suttrop (Max-Plank-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany) Additional information about this meeting (H-mode-TM-11) is available in its homepage http://www-jt60.naka.jaea.go.jp/h-mode-tm-11/. List of Participants N Aiba (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) T Akiyama (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) N Asakura (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) L G Askinazi (Ioffe Institute, Russia) M N A Beurskens (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) J D Callen (University of Wisconsin, USA) T Cho (University of Tsukuba, Japan) P C DeVries (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) X T Ding (Southwestern Institute of Physics, China) E J Doyle (University of California, Los Angels, USA) A Fukuyama (Kyoto University, Japan) P Gohil (General Atomics, USA) R J Groebner (General Atomics, USA) T S Hahm (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, USA) N Hayashi (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) Y Higashiyama (Nagoya University, Japan) Y Higashizono (University of Tsukuba, Japan) M Hirata (University of Tsukuba, Japan) G T Hoang (Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion Controle, France) G M D Hogeweij (FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, The Netherlands) M Honda (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) L D Horton (Max-Plank-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany) W A Houlberg (ITER Organization) A E Hubbard (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, USA) J W Hughes (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, USA) M Ichimura (University of Tsukuba, Japan) K Ida (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) T Ido (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) T Imai (University of Tsukuba, Japan) F Imbeaux (Association Euratom-CEA sur la Fusion Controle, France) A Itakura

  13. 100th anniversary of the birth of I Ya Pomeranchuk (Extended session of the all-institute seminar at the Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 5 - 6 June 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-02-01

    On 5 - 6 June 2013, an extended session of the all-institute seminar was held at the Russian Federation State Scientific Center 'Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics' (ITEP). It was devoted to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician Isaak Yakovlevich Pomeranchuk, the founder of the Theory Department of ITEP. The announced agenda of the session on the ITEP website http://www.itep.ru/rus/Pomeranchuk100.html contained the following reports: (1) Gershtein S S (SRC 'Institute for High Energy Physics', Protvino, Moscow region) "I Ya Pomeranchuk and the large accelerator";(2) Keldysh L V (Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS (FIAN), Moscow) "Dynamic tunneling";(3) Vaks V G (National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (NRC KI), Moscow) "Brief reminiscences";(4) Smilga A V (Laboratoire Physique Subatomique et des technologies associées, Université de Nantes, France) "Vacuum structure in 3D supersymmetric gauge theories";(5) Khriplovich I B (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk) "Gravitational four-fermion interaction and early Universe dynamics";(6) Dremin I M (FIAN, Moscow) "Elastic scattering of hadrons";(7) Belavin A A (Landau Institute of Theoretical Physics, RAS, Moscow) "Correlators in minimal string models";(8) Voloshin M B (Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, USA) "Exotic quarkonium";(9) Nekrasov N A (Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHES), France) "BPS/CFT correspondence";(10) Zarembo K (Uppsala Universitet, Sweden) "Exact results in supersymmetric theories and AdS/CFT correspondence";(11) Gorsky A S (ITEP, Moscow) "Baryon as a dyon instanton";(12) Blinnikov S I (ITEP, Moscow) "Mirror substance and other models for dark matter";(13) Rubakov V A (Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow) "Test-tube Universe";(14) Kancheli O V (ITEP, Moscow) "50 years of reggistics";(15) Shevchenko V I (NRC KI) "In search of the chiral magnetic effect";(16) Kirilin V P (ITEP, Moscow) "Anomalies and

  14. Effect of crustal heterogeneities and effective rock strength on the formation of HP and UHP rocks.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reuber, Georg; Kaus, Boris; Schmalholz, Stefan; White, Richard

    2015-04-01

    next step, we performed several hundred numerical simulations to understand the effects of km-scale heterogeneities and material parameters on pressure magnitudes, using a model setup that is otherwise very similar to the one of Li et al. (2010). Results show that significant non-lithostatic pressures occur if (lower) crustal rocks are dry or if km-scale (nappe-sized) heterogeneities with dryer rocks are present within the crust. Overpressure magnitudes can be up to 1 GPa or 100% and in some cases rock assemblages are temporarily in the coesite stability field at a depth of only 40 km, followed by rapid exhumation to the surface. Tectonic overpressures can vary strongly in magnitude versus time, but peak pressures are present sufficiently long for metamorphic reactions to occur. The presence of heterogeneities can affect the crustal-scaled deformation pattern, and the effective friction angle of crustal-scale rocks (or the dryness of these rocks) is a key parameter that determines the magnitude of non-lithostatic pressures. Our results thus reconcile previous findings and highlight the importance of having an accurate knowledge of the fluid-pressure, initial crustal structure and rock composition during continental collision. If rocks are dry by the time they enter a subduction zone, or are stronger/dryer than surrounding rocks, they are likely to develop significantly higher pressures than nearby rocks. This might explain the puzzling observation that some nappes have very high peak pressures, while juxtaposed nappes have much lower values, without clear structural evidence for deep burial and exhumation along a subduction channel of the high-pressure nappe. Our models might also give a partial explanation of why the reported timescales for high and ultra-high pressure stages of peak metamorphism are often very short. References: Burov, E., Francois, T., Agard, P., Le Pourhiet, L., Meyer, B., Tirel, C., Lebedev, S., Yamato, P., Brun, J.-P., 2014. Tectonophysics

  15. EDITORIAL: Inertial Fusion State of the Art---A Collection of Overview and Technical Papers from IFSA2003

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hogan, W. J.

    2004-12-01

    -rays. Peyrusse et al examine atomic physics and radiative processes in hot dense plasmas. Koenig et al examine ways to simulate planetary physics processes using high pressures generated in laser driven shocks. Non-laser approaches to inertial fusion were also fully represented at IFSA2003. The paper by Lebedev et al shows important physics developments in Z-pinch plasmas. Sharp et al present chamber transport modelling for heavy ion fusion drivers. Technology development studies were also well represented at IFSA2003. There was a special session on facility and driver developments that contained several papers. Presented here are the papers by Miller et al on the NIF, Danson et al on the Vulcan petawatt facility, and Myers et al on KrF lasers for IFE. A paper by Goodin et al shows progress in finding cost effective target manufacturing methods for IFE. Finally, there were many papers at IFSA2003 that focused upon the very promising but more immature field of fast ignition. Barty et al give an overview of the development issues for short pulse lasers that will be essential if fast ignition is to become mainstream. A paper by Kodama et al looks at target physics using cone focus targets. Fast ignition lasers and innovative target physics within this concept were a `hot topic' at IFSA2003. The IFSA conferences have become the principal forum for the exchange of research results in inertial fusion and high energy and density science. There is a unique blend of science and technology. All fields of inertial fusion are represented. This special issue is a snapshot and a cross-section of the field at this time. We hope the reader is encouraged to look into more of the papers in areas that interest them. References [1] Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications: State of the Art 2003 ed B. Hammel, D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyer-ter-Vehn and H. Azechi American Nuclear Society (July 2004) These IFSA2003 proceedings may be purchased on-line at http://www.ans.org.

  16. Adaptive re-tracking algorithm for retrieval of water level variations and wave heights from satellite altimetry data for middle-sized inland water bodies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Troitskaya, Yuliya; Lebedev, Sergey; Soustova, Irina; Rybushkina, Galina; Papko, Vladislav; Baidakov, Georgy; Panyutin, Andrey

    . [6] S.A. Lebedev, and A.G. Kostianoy, Satellite Altimetry of the Caspian Sea. Moscow : MORE, [in Russian], 2005. [7] P. A. M. Berry et al., “Global inland water monitoring from multi-mission altimetry”, Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 32, pp. L16401, 2005. [8] S. Calmant, and F. Seyler, “Continental surface waters from satellite altimetry,” Geosciences C.R., vol. 338, pp. 1113-1122, 2006. [9] C. H. Davis, “A robust threshold retracking algorithm for measuring ice sheet surface elevation change from satellite radar altimeters,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 35, pp. 974-979, 1997. [10] X. Deng, and W. E. Featherstone, “A coastal retracking system for satellite radar altimeter waveforms: Application to ERS-2 around Australia,” J. Geophys. Res., vol. 111, pp. C06012, 2006. [11] J. Guo et al., “Lake level variations monitored with satellite altimetry waveform retracking,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Appl. Earth Obs., vol. 2(2), pp. 80-86, 2009. [12] Mercier F., Rosmorduc V., Carrere L., Thibaut P., Coastal and Hydrology Altimetry product (PISTACH) handbook. Version 1.0. 2010. [13] Yu.Troitskaya et al., “Satellite altimetry of inland water bodies,” Water Resources, vol. 39(2), pp.184-199, 2012. [14] Yu.Troitskaya et al., “Adaptive retracking of Jason-1 altimetry data for inland waters: the example of the Gorky Reservoir”, Int. J. Rem. Sens., vol. 33, pp. 7559-7578, 2012. [15] Yu.Troitskaya et al., , "Adaptive retracking of Jason-1,2 satellite altimetry data for the Volga river reservoirs ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Appl. Earth Obs., issue 99, 2013, doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2013.2267092.

  17. EDITORIAL: Squeeze transformation and optics after Einstein

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Young S.; Man'ko, Margarita A.; Planat, Michel

    2005-12-01

    With this special issue, Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics contributes to the celebration of the World Year of Physics held in recognition of five brilliant papers written by Albert Einstein in 1905. There is no need to explain to the readers of this journal the content and importance of these papers, which are cornerstones of modern physics. The 51 contributions in this special issue represent current trends in quantum optics —100 years after the concept of light quanta was introduced. At first glance, in his famous papers of 1905, Einstein treated quite independent subjects—special relativity, the nature and statistical properties of light, electrodynamics of moving bodies and Brownian motion. We now know that all these phenomena are deeply related, and these relations are clearly shown in many papers in this issue. Most of the papers are based on the talks and poster contributions from participants of the 9th International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations (ICSSUR'05), which took place in Besançon, France, 2-6 May, 2005. This was the continuation of a series of meetings, originating with the first workshops organized by Professor Y S Kim at the University of Maryland, College Park, USA, in 1991 and by Professor V I Man'ko at the Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow in 1992. One of the main topics of ICSSUR'05 and this special issue is the theory and applications of squeezed states and their generalizations. At first glance, one could think that this subject has no relation to Einstein's papers. However, this is not true: the theory of squeezed states is deeply related to special relativity, as far as it is based on the representations of the Lorentz group (see the paper by Kim Y S and Noz M E, S458-S467), which also links the current concepts of entanglement and decoherence with Lorentz-covariance. Besides, studies of the different quantum states of light imply, after all, the study of photon (or photo

  18. The 13th International Workshop on H-mode Physics and Transport Barriers (Oxford, UK, 2011) The 13th International Workshop on H-mode Physics and Transport Barriers (Oxford, UK, 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saibene, G.

    2012-11-01

    as to stimulate and lead the open discussion. Poster sessions were also organized to present specialist papers and provide a venue for continued discussion. The topics selected for this edition of the workshop were: 1. Integrated plasma scenarios for ITER and a reactor: experimental and theoretical studies, including the self-stabilizing transport approach. 2. Edge transport barrier control and plasma performance: physics of 3D stochastic magnetic fields for ELM suppression. 3. H-mode transition physics and H-mode pedestal structure: pedestal dynamics near transitions and requirements for high-confinement access and sustainment. 4. Energetic particle driven instabilities and related physics: H-mode and the transport barrier. 5. Role of and evidence for non-diffusive particle and toroidal momentum transport and impact of fuelling: experiments, theory and modelling. 6. Long-range correlation of plasma turbulence and interaction between edge and core transport. The choice of topics, and the amount of progress in the understanding of the complexity of transport barriers physics reflect the drive in the fusion community towards the preparation for the ITER tokamak operation. More than 100 scientists (including students) attended the three-day workshop, coming from all over the world to present their newest results, discuss with colleagues and enjoy the atmosphere of the beautiful Lady Margaret Hall. The preparation work of the International Advisory Committee (G. Saibene (EU - Chair), R. Groebner (US), T. S Hahm (KO), A. Hubbard (US), K. Ida (Japan), S. Lebedev (RF), N. Oyama (Japan), E Wolfrum (EU)) has been rewarded by the enthusiastic participation of scientists, experimentalist, modellers and theoreticians, and by the high level of the scientific discussion throughout the workshop, during lunch breaks and even at the conference dinner. The Committee is also grateful to EFDA for the support in the organization of the workshop and to the Local Organizing Committee (E

  19. EDITORIAL: CAMOP: Quantum Non-Stationary Systems CAMOP: Quantum Non-Stationary Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dodonov, Victor V.; Man'ko, Margarita A.

    2010-09-01

    QED. Another rapidly growing research field (although its origin can be traced to the beginning of the 1980s) is the quantum control of evolution at the microscopic level. These examples show that quantum non-stationary systems continue to be a living and very interesting part of quantum physics, uniting researchers from many different areas. Thus it is no mere chance that several special scientific meetings devoted to these topics have been organized recently. One was the international seminar 'Time-Dependent Phenomena in Quantum Mechanics' organized by Manfred Kleber and Tobias Kramer in 2007 at Blaubeuren, Germany. The proceedings of that event were published in 2008 as volume 99 of Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Another recent meeting was the International Workshop on Quantum Non-Stationary Systems, held on 19-23 October 2009 at the International Center for Condensed Matter Physics (ICCMP) in Brasilia, Brazil. It was organized and directed by Victor Dodonov (Institute of Physics, University of Brasilia, Brazil), Vladimir Man'ko (P N Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia) and Salomon Mizrahi (Physics Department, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Brazil). This event was accompanied by a satellite workshop 'Quantum Dynamics in Optics and Matter', organized by Salomon Mizrahi and Victor Dodonov on 25-26 October 2009 at the Physics Department of the Federal University of Sao Carlos, Brazil. These two workshops, supported by the Brazilian federal agencies CAPES and CNPq and the local agencies FAP-DF and FAPESP, were attended by more than 120 participants from 16 countries. Almost 50 invited talks and 20 poster presentations covered a wide area of research in quantum mechanics, quantum optics and quantum information. This special issue of CAMOP/Physica Scripta contains contributions presented by some invited speakers and participants of the workshop in Brasilia. Although they do not cover all of the wide spectrum of problems related to quantum non

  20. PREFACE Turbulent Mixing and Beyond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Gauthier, Serge; Niemela, Joseph J.

    2010-12-01

    for Theoretical Physics, Russia) E Bodenschatz (Max Plank Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Germany) F Cattaneo (University of Chicago, USA) P Cvitanović (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA) S Cowley (Imperial College, UK) S Dalziel (DAMTP, University of Cambridge, UK) W S Don (Brown University, USA) R Ecke (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) H J Fernando (Arizona State University, USA) I Foster (University of Chicago, USA) S Gauthier (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) G A Glatzmaier (University of California at Santa Cruz, USA) J Glimm (State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA) W A Goddard III (California Institute of Technology, USA) J Jimenez (Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain) L P Kadanoff (The University of Chicago, USA) D Q Lamb (The University of Chicago, USA) D P Lathrop (University of Maryland, USA) S Lebedev (Imperial College, UK) P Manneville (École Polytechnique, France) D I Meiron (California Institute of Technology, USA) P Moin (Stanford University, USA) A Nepomnyashchy (Technion, Israel) J Niemela (International Center for Theoretical Physics, Italy) K Nishihara (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) S S Orlov (Stanford University, USA) S A Orszag (Yale University, USA) E Ott (University of Maryland, USA) N Peters (RWTH Aachen University, Germany) S B Pope (Cornell, USA) A Pouquet (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, USA) B A Remington (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA) R Rosner (Argonne National Laboratory and University of Chicago, USA) A J Schmitt (Naval Research Laboratory, USA) C -W Shu (Brown University, USA) K R Sreenivasan (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Italy) E Tadmor (University of Maryland, USA) Y C F Thio (US Department of Energy) A L Velikovich (Naval Research Laboratory, USA) V Yakhot (Boston University, USA) P K Yeung (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA) F A Williams (University of California at San Diego, USA) E Zweibel (University of Wisconsin

    1. PREFACE: Particles and Fields: Classical and Quantum

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Asorey, M.; Clemente-Gallardo, J.; Marmo, G.

      2007-07-01

      , Germany)

    M. Asorey (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain)
    G. F. Dell Antonio (Universitá di Roma La Sapienza, Italy)
    A. Galindo (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain)
    S. L. Glashow (Boston University, USA)
    A. M. Gleeson (University of Texas, Austin, USA)
    C. R. Hagen (Rochester University, NY, USA)
    J. Klauder (University of Florida, Gainesville, USA)
    A. Kossakowski (University of Torun, Poland)
    V.I. Manko (Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia)
    G. Marmo (Universitá Federico II di Napoli e INFN Sezione di Napoli, Italy)
    N. Mukunda (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India)
    J. V. Narlikar (Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune, India)
    J. Nilsson (University of Goteborg, Sweden)
    S. Okubo (Rochester University, NY, USA)
    T. Regge (Politecnico di Torino, Italy)
    W. Schleich (University of Ulm, Germany)
    M. Scully (Texas A& M University, USA)
    S. Weinberg (University of Texas, Austin, USA)

    Local Organizing Committee

    M. Asorey (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain)
    L. J. Boya (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain). Co-Chair
    J. F. Cariñena (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain)
    J. Clemente-Gallardo (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain)
    F. Falceto (Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain)
    G. Marmo (Universitá Federico II di Napoli e INFN Sezione di Napoli, Italy) Co-Chair
    G. Morandi (Universitá di Bologna, Italy)

    Participants

    ACHARYA, Raghunath: Arizona State University, USA
    AGUADO, Miguel M.: Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, Garching, Germany
    ASOREY, Manuel: Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain

  21. Geodynamic and Magmatic Evolution of the Eastern Anatolian-Arabian Collision Zone, Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keskin, Mehmet

    2014-05-01

    alkaline lavas in the region at around 10 Ma (e.g. tephrites and alkaline basalts in the N of Lake Van) can be interpreted as the indication of the formation of the slab-window beneath the region due to tearing of the slab. I also argue that spatial and temporal presence of a variable subduction signature can be linked to the persistent dehydration from the deep lying slab below the region. Melting models indicate that there is a temporal change in source characteristics across the collision zone from a garnet-dominated deeper mantle-source during the Miocene to a spinel-dominated shallower source during the Quaternary. I argue that this notable change can either be linked to the derivation of variable fractions of magmas from a newly formed lithospheric mantle by cooling of the asthenosphere along the contacts with the crust (i.e. reformation of lithospheric mantle), or to the mineral phase transformations in the mantle from garnet to spinel in response to decompression. AFC and EC-AFC models reveal that the importance of the AFC process decreased broadly in time while each volcano experienced a unique replenishment and fractionation history in the crustal magma chambers. REFERENCES Faccenna, C., Becker, T.W., Jolivet, L. and Keskin, M. (2013). Mantle convection in the Middle East: Reconciling Afar upwelling, Arabia indentation and Aegean trench rollback, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 375, 254-269, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.05.043 Keskin, M. (2003).Magma generation by slab steepening and breakoff beneath a subduction-accretion complex: An alternative model for collision-related volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey, Geophysical Research Letters, 30(24). 8046, doi:10.1029/2003GL018019 Keskin M., Chugaev A.V., Lebedev V.A., Sharkov E.V., Oyan V. and Kavak O. (2012). The Geochronology and Origin of Mantle Sources for Late Cenozoic Intraplate Volcanism in the Frontal Part of the Arabian Plate in the Karacada Neovolcanic Area of Turkey. Part 2. The Results of Geochemical

  22. PREFACE: Turbulent Mixing and Beyond Turbulent Mixing and Beyond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Gauthier, Serge; Rosner, Robert

    2008-10-01

    ) Institute for Laser Engineering (ILE), Osaka, Japan (Division Head: Dr K Nishihara) Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), Chicago, USA (College of Science and Letters, Department of Applied Mathematics: Dr S I Abarji) and thanks them for making this event possible. The Organizing Committee appreciates the assistance of Suzie Radosic (administrator and assistant, ICTP) Daniil Ilyin (web-master, Chicago) Elena Magnus (assistant, Chicago) We express our gratitude for the help with the Conference Program to the members of the Scientific Advisory Committee S I Abarzhi (The University of Chicago, Illinois Institute of Technology, USA) G Ahlers (University of California at Santa Barbara, USA) M J Andrews (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Texas A & M University, USA) S I Anisimov (Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russia) E Bodenschatz (Max Plank Institute, Gottingen, Germany) S Dalziel (DAMTP, University of Cambridge, UK) R Ecke (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) H J Fernando (Arizona State University, USA) S Gauthier (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) G A Glatzmaier (University of California at Santa Cruz, USA) W A Goddard III (California Institute of Technology, USA) L P Kadanoff (The University of Chicago, USA) D Q Lamb (The University of Chicago, USA) D P Lathrop (University of Maryland, USA) S Lebedev (Imperial College, UK) P Manneville (Ecole Polytechnique, France) D I Meiron (California Institute of Technology, USA) H Nagib (Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, USA) J Niemela (International Center for Theoretical Physics, Italy) K Nishihara (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) S A Orszag (Yale University, USA) E Ott (University of Maryland, USA) N Peters (RWTS, Aachen, Germany) S B Pope (Cornell, USA) B A Remington (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA) R Rosner (Argonne National Laboratory and The University of Chicago, USA) A Schmidt (Naval Research Laboratory, USA) K R Sreenivasan (International Centre for Theoretical Physics

  23. 3rd International Conference on Turbulent Mixing and Beyond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Gauthier, Serge; Keane, Christopher J.; Niemela, Joseph J.

    2013-07-01

    , USA) • J Glimm (State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA) • W A Goddard III (California Institute of Technology, USA) • F Grinstein (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) • J Jimenez (Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain) • L P Kadanoff (The University of Chicago, USA) • D Q Lamb (The University of Chicago, USA) • D P Lathrop (University of Maryland, USA) • S Lebedev (Imperial College, UK) • P Manneville (Ecole Polytechnique, France) • D I Meiron (California Institute of Technology, USA) • P Moin (Stanford University, USA) • A Nepomnyashchy (Technion, Israel) • J Niemela (International Center for Theoretical Physics, Italy) • K Nishihara (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka, Japan) • S S Orlov (Physical Optics Corporation, USA) • N Peters (RWTS, Aachen, Germany) • S B Pope (Cornell, USA) • A Pouquet (University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, USA) • B A Remington (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA) • R R Rosales (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA) • R Rosner (Argonne National Laboratory and University of Chicago, USA) • A J Schmitt (Naval Research Laboratory, USA) • C-W Shu (Brown University, USA) • K R Sreenivasan (New York University, USA) • E Tadmor (University of Maryland, USA) • A L Velikovich (Naval Research Laboratory, USA) • V Yakhot (Boston University, USA) • P K Yeung (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA) • F A Williams (University of California at San Diego, USA) • E Zweibel (University of Wisconsin, USA) We deeply appreciate the work of the Members of Steering Committee for Financial Support: • Snezhana I Abarzhi (University of Chicago, USA) • Serge Gauthier (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) • Joseph J Niemela (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Italy) • Walter Gekelman (University of California, Los Angeles, USA) We thank the members of the Committee for the award 'Turbulent Mixing and Beyond for Youth': • Boris Galperin