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Sample records for reform secondary education

  1. Catholic Secondary Schools and the Educational Reform Movement in American Secondary Education. NCEA Special Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Catholic Educational Association, Washington, DC.

    The educational reform of America's secondary schools has been the subject of conferences and documents. The National Catholic Education Association concurs with many of the ideas presented by proponents of this renewal, but the association believes there are omissions in philosophy and proposals espoused by the reformers. In this bulletin,…

  2. The Reform of Secondary Education in Indonesia during the 1990s: Basic Education Expansion and Quality Improvement through Curriculum Decentralization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeom, Min-Ho; Acedo, Clementina; Utomo, Erry

    2002-01-01

    Case study of two main secondary education reforms in Indonesia in the 1990s: Expansion of basic education and the decentralization of curriculum. Discusses the social, political, and economic trends in the 1990s, context of the secondary education reforms, and the rationale for the reforms. Focuses on the curriculum decentralization design and…

  3. Recipients, Agents, or Partners?: The Contradictions of Teacher Participation in Mexican Secondary Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Bradley A.; Blackwood, Janet; Cross, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    The countries of Latin America have been no exception to global calls for educational transformation and teacher professionalization at the secondary level. One of the newest of these reforms is Mexico's Reforma de la Educacion Secundaria (RS) (Reform of Secondary Education), launched in 2006. This article examines portrayals by various actors of…

  4. Piecing a Quilt: Redesigning Secondary Teacher Education in the Context of Statewide Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spalding, Elizabeth; Wilson, Angene; Sandidge, Rosetta

    2000-01-01

    Describes the University of Kentucky's Masters with Initial Certification program, which helps preservice secondary teachers integrate theory and practice during 1 field-based, professional year, integrating diverse components of teacher education. The program developed as a response to the 1990 Kentucky Education Reform Act and a result of a…

  5. Curricular Reforms in Mexico: Challenges for Developing Disciplinary Literacy in Upper Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    López-Bonilla, Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    In this article I present recent educational reforms implemented in Mexico and their implications for literacy instruction; in particular, I analyze changes to upper secondary education that seemingly want to promote the development of "disciplinary competences" among students enrolled in different educational tracks. The debates among…

  6. The Effects of an Upper Secondary Education Reform on the Attainment of Immigrant Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinch, Christian N.; Bratsberg, Bernt; Raaum, Oddbjorn

    2012-01-01

    The national Norwegian school reform of 1994, which gave students statutory rights to at least 3 years of upper secondary education, had a significant impact on educational attainment among immigrant youth. In particular, we find that the immigrant transition rate from compulsory schooling to completion of the first year of upper secondary…

  7. Reconceptualised life skills in secondary education in the African context: Lessons learnt from reforms in Ghana

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akyeampong, Kwame

    2014-04-01

    Early notions of life skills in Africa did not take into account the importance of a flexible and portable set of skills that would enable youth to adapt to changes in the world of work and lay the foundations for productive well-being and behaviour. Rather, life skills education in many secondary education curricula in Africa started with an emphasis on developing specific technical vocational skills considered essential for employability or self-employment. Using Ghana as an example, this paper shows how secondary education curriculum reformers recommended shifts that embraced a new interpretation of life skills focused on 21st-century skills. This gradual move also reflected the difficulty that secondary education in general has had in networking with the world of work to provide work experience that would lead to the development of work-related skills and enhance employability. The author's main argument is that although the reconceptualisation of life skills in secondary education to reflect 21st-century skills is a welcome shift in the African context, this needs to be accompanied by reforms in teacher education. Classroom teaching and learning need to be adapted in a fundamental way in order to ensure that youth fully benefit from the inclusion of 21st-century life skills in secondary education curricula. Such reforms must include pedagogical practices which nurture communication, collaboration, creativity and critical thinking skills.

  8. Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Schools: Perceived Consequences of Secondary Education Reform in Egypt.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Megahed, Nagwa; Ginsburg, Mark

    This study involved focus group interviews with 12 experienced Egyptian teachers working in academic and vocational secondary schools, comparing their perspectives on the implications of a 1999 educational reform which converted many vocational/commercial schools to academic schools and sought to reduce the need for extra-school, private tutoring.…

  9. Aligning Transition Services with Secondary Educational Reform: A Position Statement of the Division on Career Development and Transition.

    PubMed

    Morningstar, Mary E; Bassett, Diane S; Cashman, Joanne; Kochhar-Bryant, Carol; Wehmeyer, Michael L

    2012-12-01

    Society has witnessed significant improvements in the lives of students receiving transition services over the past 30 years. The field of transition has developed an array of evidence-based interventions and promising practices, however, secondary school reform efforts have often overlooked these approaches for youth without disabilities. If we are to see improvements in postsecondary outcomes for all youth, reform efforts must begin with active participation of both general and special educators and critical home, school, and community stakeholders. In the Division on Career Development for Exceptional Individuals' position paper, we discuss the evolution of transition in light of reform efforts in secondary education. We review and identify secondary educational initiatives that embrace transition principles. Finally, recommendations are provided for advancing alignment of transition services with secondary education reforms. PMID:25221733

  10. Reform of Secondary Education in Morocco: Challenges and Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diyen, Hayat

    2004-01-01

    As people embark on a new globalized world, the old formal system of education in the Arab world is facing challenges and dilemmas. How can the new system preserve their Islamic and Arabic culture, while incorporating strategies for a new globalized world? This article tries to answer some of these questions by focusing on Morocco as a case study.…

  11. Reforming New Zealand Secondary Education: The Picot Report and the Road to Radical Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Openshaw, Roger

    2009-01-01

    During the late 1980s, the report "Administering for Excellence" (the Picot Report), and the Labour Government's definitive policy response, "Tomorrow's Schools," ushered in a new era in New Zealand. In what was seen as a decisive stroke, New Zealand's 110 year old three-tiered education system was swept away to be replaced by a two-component…

  12. Resource and Technology: A Beacon for Change in the Reform of Jamaica's Secondary Education System--or a "Pipedream"?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Zellynne

    2012-01-01

    Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T)…

  13. Regulation and Deregulation in Education Policy: New Reforms and School Sports in Swedish Upper Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lund, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    During the 1990s, neoliberal reforms in Sweden increased local school actors' possibilities to develop school profiles regarding both organization and content. This restructuring has increased the total number of school sports programs as well as the possibilities for upper secondary schools and sports clubs to develop elite and amateur…

  14. Smoothing the Secondary-Further Education Interface: Developments in New Zealand Following the National Qualifications Framework Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlaardingerbroek, Barend

    2005-01-01

    The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have enabled the liberalisation of upper secondary school curricula to the point where schools can devise programmes that lead to nationally recognised vocational qualifications. Strategies include close relationships with further education providers whereby instructional materials or direct…

  15. Understanding the Ecologies of Education Reforms: Comparing the Perceptions of Parents and Secondary Teachers and Students in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joong, Yee Han Peter

    2012-01-01

    This study examines how secondary school teachers have implemented educational reforms in China. To examine the implementation process, we conducted teacher, student, and parent surveys. Teachers and students surveys asked questions on how often a teaching or evaluation strategy was used in a given course. The survey concluded that teachers and…

  16. Curriculum, Community, and Urban School Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Barry M.

    2012-01-01

    Barry M. Franklin's new work uses the concept of community as a lens for interpreting urban school reform since 1960. Focusing on the curriculum and employing case studies, he applies the concept to reform initiatives in a number of city school systems. Included are compensatory education, community control, mayoral takeovers, educational…

  17. Liberal Studies Reform in Hong Kong Secondary Education: Contrasting Desirability with Feasibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fok, Ping Kwan

    2016-01-01

    In major curriculum reforms, there are inevitably gaps between design and implementation issues, taking the introduction of liberal studies (LS) into the senior secondary curriculum in Hong Kong as a classic example. The current paper illustrates how the implementation of LS as a compulsory core subject has impacted noticeably on Hong Kong senior…

  18. Curriculum Reform and Restructuring of Senior Secondary Science Education in Hong Kong: Teachers' Perceptions and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeung, Yau-Yuen; Lee, Yeung-Chung; Lam, Irene Chung-Man

    2012-01-01

    With the restructuring of the senior secondary education system in Hong Kong in 2009, the senior secondary curriculum was overhauled substantially by the conversion of the two-year Certificate Level and the two-year Advanced Level to a new three-year senior secondary level. This process entails changes to the contents and organization of various…

  19. Bold Ideas for Secondary School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Santa Ana, Thelma Melendez

    2011-01-01

    Every day, principals across the country are taking courageous action to reform struggling schools and make a difference in students' lives. As the assistant secretary of education for elementary and secondary education, the author has been fortunate to meet with school and district leaders and see some of those transformations firsthand. The…

  20. Reforming Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donmoyer, Robert, Ed.; Merryfield, Merry M., Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This theme issue highlights the diversity of reform initiatives in order to provide a deep understanding of the complexities associated with educational reform in general and the reform of science education in particular. Systemic reform initiatives at the national and state levels along with locally-inspired efforts at reform are outlined.…

  1. What Lessons to Take from Educational Reforms in Asia-Pacific Region? Factors That May Influence the Restructuring of Secondary Education in East Timor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capelo, Ana; Pedrosa, Maria Arminda; Almeida, Patrícia Albergaria

    2013-01-01

    To better understand current curricular reforms in some Asia-Pacific countries that came out of conflict periods, documents and information posted on various national and international agency websites were analysed. In this paper we aimed to (i) present a brief description of the conditions under which new secondary education curricula are being…

  2. Anchors for Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alok, Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Education reforms, considering their significance, deserve better methods than mere "trial and error." This article conceptualizes a network of six anchors for education reforms: education policy, education system, curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, and teacher education. It establishes the futility to reform anchors in isolation and anticipates…

  3. Resource and Technology: A beacon for change in the reform of Jamaica's secondary education system - or a "pipedream"?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jennings, Zellynne

    2012-04-01

    Different strategies are being employed worldwide to prepare school-leavers for the world of work. Central to the Reform of Secondary Education (ROSE) in Jamaica in the 1990s was the achievement of goals of access, equity and quality through the implementation of a common curriculum in all schools. Within this reform, Resource and Technology (R&T) was an innovation designed to develop the creative potential in technology and to transform pedagogical practices from being teacher-centred to being student-centred. This paper examines how teachers and principals involved in the implementation of R&T perceive its attributes, such as need and relevance and observability. The findings reveal how the achievement of goals was frustrated and which challenges the users faced, including a lack of clarity of the means for implementing R&T.

  4. Japanese Secondary English Teachers: Negotiation of Educational Roles in the Face of Curricular Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Donnell, Kevin

    2005-01-01

    Five teachers of English at the secondary level in Japan agreed to participate in this qualitative study that set about uncovering their beliefs about teaching and their current curricular activities. Findings indicate that despite their vastly different workplaces, teacher-participants continue to work in the shadow of an educational system…

  5. Common Pressures, Same Results? Recent Reforms in Professional Standards and Competences in Teacher Education for Secondary Teachers in England, France and Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Page, Tina M.

    2015-01-01

    Over the last decade, the introduction of professional standards and competences in initial teacher education for secondary teachers in England, France and Germany has provided the cornerstone of education reform in all three countries. The precise number and specific content of a measurable set of skills for teachers have offered challenges for…

  6. Explaining Whole System Reform in Small States: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago Secondary Education Modernization Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Lisle, Jerome

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes drivers and impediments to secondary school reform in Trinidad and Tobago during the period from 1999 to 2009. International assessment data suggested limited progress on improving system quality and equity. Several policy levers and barriers have been defined in current system reform theory. However, explanations for the…

  7. Romania: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  8. Turkey: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  9. Russia: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  10. Poland: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  11. Hungary: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  12. Secondary Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Challenge of Growth and Reform. Sustainable Development Department Technical Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolff, Laurence; Castro, Claudio de Moura

    This paper synthesizes the issues, problems, research, and current best practice in secondary education in Latin America and the Caribbean. Overall, Latin America and the Caribbean enroll much lower percentages of school age children in secondary education than the region's chief competitors, and the region's secondary education is inadequate by…

  13. School as an Experimenting Institution: An Approach to the Reform of Secondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Donald P.

    An introduction to a symposium on the development of adolescent schooling is followed by one of several presentations concerning current thinking about the problems involved in developing experimenting schools. The paper elaborates the basic propositions about modernization, the process of school reform seen as a process of social learning, and…

  14. Educational Reform in Louisiana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxcy, Spencer J.; Maxcy, Doreen O.

    1993-01-01

    Although education has appealed to southern governors as a catapult to historical recognition, future governors should consider Louisiana Governor Buddy Roemer's ill-fated educational reform plan for Louisiana State University's College of Education, particularly its teacher evaluation and internship program. Public education seems a low-priority…

  15. Educational Reform in Oklahoma.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butorac, Marylin M.; First, Patricia F.

    1994-01-01

    Oklahoma's answer to the cry for reform and involvement in education emerged as House Bill 1017, a comprehensive $223 million school reform and tax act. This article reviews the HR 1017 story, focusing on its legislative enactment history and offering a content analysis of mandated changes in finance, personnel, governance, student assessment,…

  16. Education Reform and the Academic Performance of Public and Private Secondary School Students in Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wongsurawat, Winai

    2011-01-01

    Taking advantage of newly available data on a standardized national examination for secondary school students in Thailand, this study attempts to explain the variation in the average performance of students using school and local characteristics. Special emphasis is placed on trying to understand the asymmetric success factors of public and…

  17. Educational Outcomes, Policy Reform and Cultural Capital in Italian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polesel, John

    2010-01-01

    Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary…

  18. Setting Things Right? Swedish Upper Secondary School Reform in a 40-Year Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundahl, Lisbeth; Arreman, Inger Erixon; Lundstrom, Ulf; Ronnberg, Linda

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses reforms addressing and affecting the curriculum and organisation of Swedish upper secondary education over 40 years, up to an initiative by the present non-socialist government. The aim is to analyse the current reform of upper secondary education and relate it to previous reforms during a 40-year period in terms of…

  19. The Use and Management of Secondary Teachers' Time after the Education Reform Act 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, R. J.; Neill, S. R. St. J.

    A sample of 348 secondary teachers in England and Wales kept a week's record of their work and completed a questionnaire on time usage. The survey indicated that the total mean time spent on work and work-related activities was 54.4 hours per week. Of this, teachers spent 16.9 hours on teaching, 12.9 hours on preparation, 18.1 hours in…

  20. The Effects of Delaying Tracking in Secondary School: Evidence from the 1999 Education Reform in Poland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jakubowski, Maciej; Patrinos, Harry Anthony; Porta, Emilio Ernesto; Wisniewski, Jerzy

    2016-01-01

    Delaying tracking, extending students' exposure to a general academic education and increasing their time on task on basic competences (reading, mathematics) could improve academic outcomes. To test the hypothesis that delayed vocational streaming improves academic outcomes, this paper analyzes Poland's significant improvements in international…

  1. The Effects of Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasquez-Martinez, Claudio-Rafael; Giron, Graciela; De-La-Luz-Arellano, Ivan; Ayon-Bañuelos, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Educational reform implies questions of social production and of state regulation that are the key words in educational reform, education and educational policies. These reforms are always on the political agenda of countries and involve international organisms, since education is a vehicle of development for social progress. A point of departure…

  2. Educational Reform in Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Nicholas

    1975-01-01

    Recommendations for the reform of the administrative structure, curriculum and methods, and equality of Thailand's educational system are provided. This journal is available from the Unesco Regional Office for Education in Asia, Darakarn Building, 920 Sukhumvit Road, P.O. Box 1425, Bangkok, Thailand.

  3. Authentic Assessment and Student Performance in Inclusive Schools. Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, M. Bruce; Schroeder, Jennifer; Chawszczewski, David

    This research brief explores the extent to which teacher-designed assessments are authentic in inclusive secondary schools and how students with and without disabilities perform on these assessments. Data come from three high schools that are participating in a 5-year national study conducted by the Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform…

  4. Incongruence in Scoring Practices of Answer Scripts and Their Implications: Need for Urgent Examination Reforms in Secondary Pre-Service Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gafoor, K. Abdul; Farooque, T. K. Umer

    2014-01-01

    In view of the strengthening momentum in efforts to reforms in examinations in higher education of India and Kerala in particular, and holding that teacher education is in privileged position to initiate examination reforms in higher education by virtue of its link with both school education and the higher education, this paper focuses attention…

  5. Policy Development and Reform Principles of Basic and Secondary Education in Finland Since 1968. Education Working Paper Series. Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aho, Erkki; Pitkanen, Kari; Sahlberg, Pasi

    2006-01-01

    The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Many factors have contributed to Finland's…

  6. Educator Preparation Reform Act

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Honda, Michael M. [D-CA-17

    2013-05-23

    07/08/2013 Referred to the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  7. Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qi, Jie

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

  8. Aggressive Behaviour Among Swazi Upper Primary and Junior Secondary Students: Implications For Ongoing Educational Reforms Concerning Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundia, Lawrence

    2006-01-01

    Swaziland is planning to introduce inclusive education as part of education for all. The innovation may benefit learners with emotional and behavioural disorders (EBD). A purposive teacher sample (N = 47) was used to generate and identify behavioural problems that are prevalent in Swazi schools. Aggression was one of the many conduct disorders…

  9. Romania: Education Reform Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Bank, Washington, DC.

    Romania, one of the largest but also one of the poorest nations in Eastern Europe, is moving toward a market economy and a pluralistic society. Romania's educational system reflects a failure to appreciate the value of general secondary education over early specialized vocational training. Basic schooling is compulsory through grade eight, but…

  10. The Neo-Liberal Turn in Understanding Teachers' and School Leaders' Work Practices in Curriculum Innovation and Change: A Critical Discourse Analysis of a Newly Proposed Reform Policy in Lower Secondary Education in the Republic of Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmie, Geraldine Mooney

    2014-01-01

    The study in this article involved a critical discourse analysis of five policy documents in relation to a curriculum reform proposed for lower secondary education in the Republic of Ireland. It examined the (re)positioning of governance in relation to curriculum and teacher education. Findings indicate a predominant clinical discourse closely…

  11. Reforming Technical and Technological Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, David N.

    1993-01-01

    Review of technical and technological educational reform in Brazil, Canada, Germany, Great Britain, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Sweden shows that reform takes time to complete effectively, long-term approaches are needed, and reform is linked to industrial development, regional cooperation, and decentralized decision making. (SK)

  12. Teacher Education Reforms in Albania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehead, Joan

    2000-01-01

    Drawing on insights from Albanian teacher educators and government representatives, this paper examines processes of change and types of reform (modernization, structural, and systemic reform) in Albania. It also discusses the initial implementation of one of the reforms, which was directed at the balance and role of school experiences, analyzing…

  13. Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

    2012-01-01

    It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

  14. International Handbook of Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; And Others

    This book provides an overview of education reform in 27 countries. Following the introduction by Peter W. Cookson, Jr., Alan R. Sadovnik, and Susan F. Semel, part 1 offers national case studies of educational reform in the 1980s. Chapters include: (2) "Argentina" (Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (3) "Australia" (Richard Teese); (4) "Brazil" (Robert Cowen…

  15. Reform in Polish Vocational Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wojcicka, Maria

    2004-01-01

    The article presents the essential concept of reforms, implemented in Poland's education system since the early 1990s and some of their outcomes. Special attention is paid to one particular aspect of the reforms, i.e. structural diversification of the system, leading to diversification of education levels and corresponding diplomas. The article…

  16. K-12 Science Education Reform--A Primer for Scientists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moreno, Nancy P.

    1999-01-01

    Presents an overview of current reform efforts in elementary and secondary science education. Discusses teaching strategies that promote scientific literacy, providing science-learning opportunities for all students, new assessment techniques, important aspects of science-teacher education, systemic reform programs sponsored by the National…

  17. Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neophytou, Lefkios

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

  18. Teacher Education Reform. Essay Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner-Khamsi, Gita

    1999-01-01

    Reviews three books that examine teacher-education reform from an international comparative perspective: "The Crisis in Teacher Education: A European Concern," by Anthony Adams and Witold Tulasiewicz; "Global Perspectives on Teacher Education," edited by Colin Brock; and "Learning and Teaching in an International Context: Research, Theory and…

  19. The Policy of Universal Secondary Education: Its Influence on Secondary Schooling in Grenada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Verna

    2014-01-01

    In an era of increasing access to secondary education in the Caribbean, it becomes critical that we understand the effect that Universal Secondary Education (USE) has had on our education systems in order to inform current educational reform efforts and future educational planning. This study explores the experience of the country of Grenada with…

  20. Educational Reform and Teacher Education in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamano, Takashi

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the current state and a challenge faced by teachers and teacher education in Vietnam, and analyzes international aid projects providing support to teacher education there. It is necessary to grasp changes in teacher education in Vietnam in the context of the current comprehensive reform of education, which has been greatly…

  1. Secondary Education Transition Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins.

    The Secondary Education Transition Model project at Colorado State University-Fort Collins represents a local and state commitment to serve students with severe handicaps who are moving into community work and living roles. These comprehensive transition services begin at the secondary education level and extend into the adult service system. The…

  2. Professional Development Design: Embedding Educational Reform in New Zealand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starkey, Louise; Yates, Anne; Meyer, Luanna H.; Hall, Cedric; Taylor, Mike; Stevens, Susan; Toia, Rawiri

    2009-01-01

    Teacher professional development variously supports ongoing skill development, new knowledge, and systems change. In New Zealand, the implementation of major assessment reforms in senior secondary schools provided opportunity to investigate teacher professional development as a function of the particular stage of an educational reform.…

  3. Reforms to Funding Education in Four Canadian Provinces

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcea, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    This article provides an analysis of the features, determinants, and effects of a series of reforms to funding the primary and secondary education systems in Alberta, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba during the past two decades. The principal focus is on the reforms that have shifted the authority for setting property tax mill rates for…

  4. Hearing on Education Reform and Related Issues before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives. One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session (Phoenix, AZ, March 21, 1992).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    This document contains testimonies and prepared statements from a congressional hearing on educational issues held in Arizona. Statements and testimonies address education reform, school financing, equalization, site-based management, federal programs, vocational education, and American Indian education, among other issues. Included are opening…

  5. Education Reform: A Governor's View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riley, Richard W.

    Enactment of South Carolina's Education Improvement Act of 1984 taught several lessons about successful education reform. The law provides for raising student performance by increasing academic standards; strengthening the teaching and testing of basic skills; elevating the teaching profession; improving leadership, management, and fiscal…

  6. Quantum Leap: Vocational Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groves, Cecil L.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses recent technological advances, especially in computers and telecommunications, and their impact on the workplace. Highlights the need for educational reform in vocational/technical programs reflecting a systems-oriented approach rooted in the sciences. Discusses the future role of the private sector in education. (HB)

  7. Norwegian Secondary School Reform: Reflections on a Revolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rust, Val D.

    1985-01-01

    Reviews structural reform measures taken by Norway to provide formal equality between vocational and general education. Outlines legal foundations, changes in school enrollment from 1977-78 to 1983-84, admission procedures, and ramifications of these reforms. (NEC)

  8. Peace Education: A Modern Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Ian M.

    Peace education as an educational reform originally responded to international threats of violence and wars. Since the end of the Cold War, peace education has directed its efforts to many different aspects of violence that plague both teachers and students. This paper reports on the efforts of one school district in Milwaukee, Wisconsin to…

  9. Education Reform and Competency-Based Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moon, Yong-lin

    2007-01-01

    The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

  10. The Standardization of American Schooling: Linking Secondary and Higher Education, 1870-1910. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanOverbeke, Marc A.

    2008-01-01

    This book explores the efforts of educational reformers who sought to link secondary and higher education in the decades after 1870. Through various state, regional, and national initiatives, these reformers created a hierarchical system, laid the foundation for a growing standardization in education, and influenced who would have access to…

  11. Scaling up Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaffney, Jon D. H.; Richards, Evan; Kustusch, Mary Bridget; Ding, Lin; Beichner, Robert J.

    2008-01-01

    The SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment for Undergraduate Programs) project was developed to implement reforms designed for small classes into large physics classes. Over 50 schools across the country, ranging from Wake Technical Community College to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), have adopted it for classes of…

  12. Capacity Building: Sustaining Urban Secondary Schools as Resilient Self-Renewing Organizations in the Face of Standardized Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giles, Corrie

    2008-01-01

    Historically, the progressive ideas of innovative schools have influenced the professional practice of North American educators since the latter part of the 19th century. Indeed, since the beginning of an industrial society, and now with the birth of globalization and a knowledge economy, there has been a need for public schools to sustain their…

  13. Current State and Problems of Higher Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salnikov, N.; Burukhin, S.

    2009-01-01

    Higher education in Russia is experiencing changes in curriculum and in the specialization and function of institutions in the search for a better model for a post-Soviet society. The early 1990s saw the start of the reform of the system of education in Russia. However, problems of quality and of continuity with secondary education have still not…

  14. Considerations for Education Reform in British Columbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santos, Ana

    2012-01-01

    Countries around the world refer to twenty-first century education as essential to maintaining personal and national economic advantage and draw on this discourse to advocate for and embark on educational reform. This paper examines issues around education reform, particularly in British Columbia. It argues that reformers should give careful…

  15. Reformation and Resistance in American Nursing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Lucy Heim

    The American Nurses' Association's "First Position on Nursing" (1965), one instance of attempted reformation in American nursing education, recommends that nursing education should take place in institutions of higher education. Failures of this suggested reform seem to relate directly to the reform's incongruence with the continued or increased…

  16. Group Polarization and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, David; Magdaleno, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Although educational leaders may be optimistic about initiating change, lasting reforms are rare. The group polarization literature, although dated, provides an important explanation for a very current problem. The theory holds that when there are differences of opinion to begin with, a counter-conformity effect works among members of groups.…

  17. EIA: Educational Reform or Repression?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monteith, Dianne S.

    A recent study (Cook, 1989) involving 58 randomly selected South Carolina elementary schools indicated that none of these schools could be characterized as having an "open climate." This paper suggests that this situation may have its origins in the educational reform movement of the 1980s, first ignited by the publication of "A Nation at Risk"…

  18. Cultural Narcissism and Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pajak, Edward F.

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Scholars have described American culture in recent decades as narcissistic, manifested by displays of self-absorption tantamount to a pathological syndrome that has reached epidemic proportions. An education reform movement that is highly critical of public schools, teachers, and students has simultaneously emerged, espousing a…

  19. Double-Shift Secondary Schools: Possibilities and Issues. Secondary Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linden, Toby

    The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of…

  20. Secondary Education in Austria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aigner, Helmut

    This booklet provides a brief description of secondary education in Austria. The publication is part of a series that seeks to make the public aware of the education systems and traditions in all signatory states to the European Cultural Convention and to outline the essential problems these systems presently are facing. This short booklet…

  1. Educational Reform and Renewal in Contemporary Spain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brickman, William W.

    This study is one of a series of Office of Education publications on educational developments in other countries. It describes and analyzes in social, economic, and historical context the educational changes mandated in Spain by the Education Reform Law of 1970, one of contemporary Europe's most far-reaching plans for educational reform and…

  2. Upper Secondary School Physical Science Curricula in New Zealand after the National Qualifications Framework Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil

    2007-01-01

    The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact…

  3. Studies of Education Reform: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anson, Ron; Fox, Jim

    1995-01-01

    In 1990, Congress charged OERI with evaluating the nation's school-reform efforts. Representative planners subsequently called for research proposals in systemic reform, school-based management, uses of time, student assessment, curriculum reform, educator professionalism, school-to-work transition, early childhood education, parent and community…

  4. Globalization and Educational Reform in Contemporary Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qi, Jie; Zhang, Sheng Ping

    2008-01-01

    This study explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been taken for granted that the…

  5. The Challenges of Educational Reform in Modern-Day Peru

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Jane; Lammert, Jill

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine a nationwide effort of educational reform in Peru. Specifically, the authors take a close look at the nation's efforts to change secondary education through the implementation of a 2-year postsecondary learning opportunity called the "bachillerato." First, the authors briefly present the contextual…

  6. Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Reform in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ladd, Helen F., Ed.

    Many people believe that future reforms of education should focus on the primary mission of elementary and secondary schools and that these schools must be held more accountable for the academic performance of their students. This book brings together researchers from various disciplines--most notably economics, educational policy and management,…

  7. Utah's Educational Reform Programs, 1991-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

    In November 1983, the Utah Education Reform Steering Committee issued the report "Education in Utah: A Call to Action." To meet Utah's double challenge of rapid growth and quality enhancement, the report stated that Utah needed to: (1) increase the allocation of financial resources to education; (2) demand reforms in many aspects of education; and…

  8. Technological Change & Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, John O.

    This paper discusses technological change and its impact upon society and the educational system. Part I discusses the role of advanced and advancing technologies such as microelectronics and the impact they have had in society and their potential for increasing productivity and economic competitiveness. The section goes on to highlight some of…

  9. Reforming Science and Mathematics Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lagowski, J. J.

    1995-09-01

    Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural areas. The SSI Program departs significantly from past NSF practice in several ways. The funding is for a longer term and is larger in amount, and the NSF is taking a more activist role, seeking to leverage state and private funds and promote the coordination of programs within states. The Initiatives also have a stronger policy orientation than previous NSF programs have had. The NSF strategy is a reflection of the growing and widely held view that meaningful reforms in schools are most likely to be achieved through state initiatives that set clear and ambitious learning goals and standards; align all of the available policy levers in support of reform; stimulate school-level initiatives; and mobilize human and financial resources to support these changes. Two premises underlie systemic reform: (1) all children can meet significantly higher standards if they are asked to do so and given adequate opportunities to master the content, and (2) state and local policy changes can create opportunities by giving schools strong and consistent signals about the changes in practice and performance that are expected. Because this is an enormous investment of Federal resources that is intended to bring about deep, systemic improvement in the nation's ability to teach science and mathematics effectively, the NSF has contracted with a consortium of independent evaluators to conduct a review of the program. The first of the SSI's were funded in 1991, sufficiently long ago to begin to formulate some initial impressions of their impact. Take

  10. Curriculum Reform and the Displacement of Knowledge in Peruvian Rural Secondary Schools: Exploring the Unintended Local Consequences of Global Education Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balarin, Maria; Benavides, Martin

    2010-01-01

    This paper draws attention to processes of policy implementation in developing contexts, and to the unintended consequences of education policies that follow international policy scripts without enough consideration of local histories and cultures. Drawing on a study of teaching practices in Peruvian rural secondary schools after a period of…

  11. "Heavy Fog in the Channel--Continent Cut Off": Reform of Upper-Secondary Education from the Perspective of English Exceptionalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgson, Ann; Spours, Ken

    2014-01-01

    Recent international studies in upper-secondary education (USE) have highlighted the importance and complexities of this phase as it becomes a more universal experience. Here the authors examine recent trends in USE to provide a context for discussion of the English system, which has been moving from a "linked" to a more…

  12. Leadership, Responsibility, and Reform in Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bybee, Rodger W.

    1993-01-01

    Regards leadership as central to the success of the reform movement in science education. Defines leadership and introduces a model of leadership modified from the one developed by Edwin Locke and his associates. Provides an overview of the essential qualities of leadership occurring in science education. Discusses reforming science education and…

  13. Historical Perspectives on the Current Education Reforms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravitch, Diane, Ed.; Vinovskis, Maris, Ed.

    This document contains 14 individual papers by prominent scholars who provide a historical perspective on current educational reforms. The three essays in part 1 examine some of the major changes in educational development and reform. These include: (1) "Antiquarianism and American Education: Assimilation, Adjustment, Access" (Patricia Graham);…

  14. Education Sector Reform: The Ugandan Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penny, Alan; Ward, Michael; Read, Tony; Bines, Hazel

    2008-01-01

    In 1998 the Government of Uganda (GoU) began implementing an ambitious reform programme called the Education Strategic Investment Plan (ESIP) in order to effect Universal Primary Education (UPE). This paper offers a perspective on how the GoU has met the challenge of financing education reform, addressed the need to improve the quality of basic…

  15. General Education Reform: Opportunities for Institutional Alignment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuess, Scott M., Jr.; Mitchell, Nancy D.

    2011-01-01

    General education reform provides strategic opportunities for departments. This article analyzes reform at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, illustrating how departments could use the reform process to clarify their strategic planning, align with institutional goals, and steer the university closer to departmental objectives. (Contains 1 table.)

  16. Being a Player in Teacher Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johns, Jerry L.

    2003-01-01

    Presents a letter to Governors from the president of the International Reading Association addressing an increased discussion about teacher preparation programs and calls for teacher education reform. (SG)

  17. Educational Reform and the Future Direction of Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Pauline

    This paper reviews the major educational reform literature to identify commonalities of ways in which the reform movement is bringing changes to teacher education programs. The literature reviewed includes: (1) "A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform"; (2) "Tomorrow's Teachers: A Report of the Holmes Group"; (3) "A Nation…

  18. What Educational Reform Means: Lessons from Teachers, Research and Policy Working Together for Student Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Airini; McNaughton, Stuart; Langley, John; Sauni, Pale

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes education reform projects designed to bring about major improvements in school and tertiary student outcomes. Individually the projects illustrate characteristics of educational reform in local contexts for primary, secondary and tertiary education. In combination they signal key components essential to getting large scale…

  19. Policy Formation and Implementation in Secondary Education Reform: The Case of Chile at the Turn of the Century. Education Working Paper Series. Number 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Cristian

    2006-01-01

    The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. Throughout the 1990s and into the…

  20. Expectations versus Reality: The Case of Liberal Studies in Hong Kong's New Senior Secondary Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fung, Dennis

    2016-01-01

    This article reports the findings of a five-year longitudinal study investigating the introduction of Liberal Studies in the context of Hong Kong's new senior secondary educational reforms. The aim of this empirical research, which adopted diachronic analysis to allow comparisons over time, was to compare teachers' and students' perceptions of the…

  1. Public Service Reform in Education: Why Is Progress so Slow?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    This case study examines why public-sector reform in education often fails to deliver expected performance gains. Longitudinal evidence from a secondary comprehensive located in a former coalfield is used to identify constraints that frustrate government policies. Although the head and senior staff at Norcross School adopted transformational,…

  2. Reforming Science and Mathematics Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lagowski, J. J.

    1995-09-01

    Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural areas. The SSI Program departs significantly from past NSF practice in several ways. The funding is for a longer term and is larger in amount, and the NSF is taking a more activist role, seeking to leverage state and private funds and promote the coordination of programs within states. The Initiatives also have a stronger policy orientation than previous NSF programs have had. The NSF strategy is a reflection of the growing and widely held view that meaningful reforms in schools are most likely to be achieved through state initiatives that set clear and ambitious learning goals and standards; align all of the available policy levers in support of reform; stimulate school-level initiatives; and mobilize human and financial resources to support these changes. Two premises underlie systemic reform: (1) all children can meet significantly higher standards if they are asked to do so and given adequate opportunities to master the content, and (2) state and local policy changes can create opportunities by giving schools strong and consistent signals about the changes in practice and performance that are expected. Because this is an enormous investment of Federal resources that is intended to bring about deep, systemic improvement in the nation's ability to teach science and mathematics effectively, the NSF has contracted with a consortium of independent evaluators to conduct a review of the program. The first of the SSI's were funded in 1991, sufficiently long ago to begin to formulate some initial impressions of their impact. Take

  3. La Reforme de l'enseignement superieur (Higher Education Reform).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorand, Christian

    1973-01-01

    This article attempts an analysis of the present-day French university system and an assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of the educational reforms which have been instituted since the upheaval of May 1968. Educational legislation relevant to the new directions in the French universities is discussed, as well as the organization of the…

  4. Curriculum Reform: The Crisis in Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guyton, Edith

    1984-01-01

    Education currently faces a crisis in curriculum reform which presents a danger to pedagogical programs. Changes in teacher education programs should be based on research and should be accomplished by a reflective and rational process. Methods of reform are explored. (DF)

  5. Determining Capacity within Systemic Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Century, Jeanne Rose

    The idea of "capacity" is particularly important in the reform of educational systems because the system can be both the initiator and the subject of change. In fact, the requirement for capacity is present at all levels of the system in systemic reform. In educational change, four types of capacity are generally considered: (1) human capacity;…

  6. Technology for Empowering or Subjugating Teachers: Analysis of Ethiopia's Education Reform Discourse Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birbirso, Dereje Tadesse

    2013-01-01

    In the wake of national educational reform, the author discovered a secondary education style where all students were taught through centrally aired TV-lessons beaming from a studio in the capital city. In order to understand the motive behind the reform and its impacts on teaching, the author collected qualitative data for critical analysis.…

  7. Reflections on Athletic Training Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weidner, Thomas G.

    2006-01-01

    Dr. Thomas Weidner is the Director of the Athletic Training Education Program and the Research and Education Laboratory at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. In this article he shares his views on what he has come to learn from being an educator in the current era of athletic training education reform. This manuscript is from the…

  8. Systemic Education Reform. ERIC Digest, Number 90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, James

    Economic forces and educational equity issues have combined to heighten calls for improved education for all students. Systemic reform calls for education to be reconceptualized from the ground up, beginning with the nature of teaching and learning, educational relationships, and school-community relationships. One of the assumptions made by…

  9. Physical Education Curriculum Reform in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yli-Piipari, Sami

    2014-01-01

    The Finnish education system has received worldwide attention due to the top academic performance of Finnish school students. Physical education, as an integral part of the Finnish education curriculum, potentially contributes to the overall success. The purpose of this article is to summarize Finnish physical education reform during the past…

  10. Reel Reform: Documentaries Spur Debate about Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurley, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Three new American documentaries including "Waiting for Superman," "The Lottery, Race to Nowhere" and one British entry, "We are the People We've Been Waiting For," have animated school reform debates. Each of these documentaries seeks to disturb the entrenched thinking by claiming that our educational institutions are suffering from a malaise…

  11. Reforming Higher Education in Eastern Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van de Bunt-Kokhuis, Sylvia G. M.

    1993-01-01

    A discussion of higher education in eastern Europe begins with a description of the major European programs promoting international mobility for students and scholars and then examines reform efforts in the former Soviet Union, Poland, and former East Germany. Critical factors in the success of reforms are outlined. (MSE)

  12. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Latvia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Latvia is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

  13. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Poland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) reform in Poland is one of a series of country reports by the European Training Foundation on the reform process in partner countries. Chapter 1 provides basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes the present situation and recent developments in VET. It covers main features of the…

  14. Redesigning Teacher Salary Systems for Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firestone, William A.

    1994-01-01

    How changes in teacher pay can contribute to systemic educational reform and school restructuring is discussed, focusing on knowledge- and skill-based pay, job enlargement, and collective incentives. These alternatives have the potential to improve teacher motivation and support other reforms. (SLD)

  15. Educational Reform: A Self-Scrutinizing Memoir.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarason, Seymour B.

    In this book, the author candidly confronts errors he made of omission, commission, misplaced emphases, and watering down the depth and scope of his criticisms of the reform arena in his half-century involvement in educational reform. No other major figure in this arena has made public such a searching self-critique. Sharing his thoughts about the…

  16. Educational Reform: The Players and the Politics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farkas, Steve

    Substantive arguments on school reform may be disguising a hidden debate over the process and politics of such reform--a debate over who should be responsible for educating our youth, the parties responsible for the current difficulties, and how severe these difficulties are. This document attempts to identify the attitudes that drive this hidden…

  17. Effects of Educational Reforms on Pre-Post Reform NTE Scores of Physical Education Majors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neal, E. C.; Kirk, Pamela A. Catledge

    After a review of the recommendations of national reform reports in the 1980's concerning teacher education programs and legislation enacted and regulatory systems established in Mississippi to facilitate educational reform and ensure the quality of teacher education major courses, this paper describes a study of the American College Test that…

  18. Education Reform and Students At Risk. Volume I: Findings and Recommendations. Studies of Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossi, Robert J.; Stringfield, Samuel C.

    Despite the widespread attention given to education reform, no substantial knowledge base has existed for identifying and implementing specific effective reforms. This document, the first of three volumes, presents findings of a study that sought to identify the essential mechanics of effective reforms for students at risk. The study also…

  19. Tech Prep and Educational Reform. Reprint Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoerner, James L.

    1991-01-01

    Tech prep is a new initiative that shows great promise for educational reform. However, "tech prep" is not the new name for vocational education. Tech prep is a new program of articulated education involving 2 years of high school and 2 years of postsecondary preparation that includes a common core of mathematics, science, communications, and…

  20. The Far Side of Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    "Teachers are at the far end of educational reform." Apart from students and parents, they are often the very last to be consulted about and connected to agendas of what changes are needed in education, and of how those changes should be managed. Educational change is something that government departments, venture philanthropists,…

  1. Reform of Preservice Teacher Education: Doomed to Failure?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Richard J.; Cruz, Josue, Jr.

    1998-01-01

    Reform of teacher education involves reformulation and reconceptualization, not a simple patch-up. Reform means moving away from the college-of-education, research-driven approach to the closer-to-the-source public schools. Reform-minded people must pursue long-term solutions, concentrate on reforming university-based teacher educators, and…

  2. About Educational Innovations in the Senior Secondary Schools (Gymnasiums). Information Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pyykkonen, Maija-Liisa, Ed.

    Recent reform in Finnish elementary-level schools is affecting secondary and higher education as well. The five articles in this Bulletin describe some of the changes. "The Goals of School Democracy Reform" is a statement of educational goals: a democratic citizenry, educational planning coincident with national goals, the guarantee of democratic…

  3. Reform of general education and vocational training in the U.S.S.R.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spearman, M. L.

    1986-01-01

    Extensive school reform measures were initiated in the U.S.S.R. in 1984. The essence of the reform is to improve the quality of instruction, improve the content of education, strengthen the Marxist-Leninist world view, and ensure that all secondary school graduates master an occupation.

  4. Misrecognition and science education reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandt, Carol B.

    2012-09-01

    In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and Passeron 1977) to open up new ways of thinking about science inquiry and school reform.

  5. Reforma Educativa: Proyecto de Reforma Educativa para Francia (Educational Reform: French Educational Reform Proposals).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langevin, Paul

    This document is a Spanish translation of French educational reform proposals and general educational philosophy. Initial remarks in the document concern educational objectives and general aims of the particular educational levels. Different, possible, educational progressions are considered, and the university system is discussed. Teacher…

  6. Educational Reforms, Cultural Clashes and Classroom Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan; Silver, Rita Elaine

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an ongoing study of educational policy enactment in Singapore lower primary English classrooms. It explores how teachers react to and interpret educational reforms in their classroom practices against a backdrop of traditional cultural values. Using a prescribed coding scheme, the article presents the instructional…

  7. Cooperative Learning for Educational Reform in Armenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hovhannisyan, Aleksan; Sahlberg, Pasi

    2010-01-01

    Armenia is in the midst of major educational reforms in which teacher professional development is a key component. Much of the energy devoted to developing education in Armenia is targeted towards enhancing student-centred teaching, especially cooperative learning. This has become a significant challenge for many schools and teachers as they cope…

  8. On the Reform of Russian Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mironov, V. V.

    2013-01-01

    The "modernization" of Russian education is linked to the functioning of the entire social system of Russia, and reforms are proving difficult and contradictory. The use of the Unified State Examination in Russia, plus participation in the Bologna process, is causing concern about the ability of education to meet the needs of the…

  9. How States Are Reforming Public Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gisi, Lynn Grover

    1985-01-01

    Nearly every state has initiated a comprehensive plan for improving K-12 education. These reforms include new standards for students and schools, stricter requirements for the teaching profession, new sources of funding for education, the strengthening of leadership and management positions, and programs for special student populations. (RM)

  10. Knowledge Regimes and Contradictions in Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aasen, Petter; Prøitz, Tine Sophie; Sandberg, Nina

    2014-01-01

    The article outlines a theoretical framework for understanding education policy and education reforms based on the concept of knowledge regimes. The concept refers to understandings and definitions of governance and procedural aspects, manners of governing and curriculum issues, thus it comprises contents, structures, and processes of education…

  11. Educational Administration Reform in Kentucky: A Beginning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Ernest R.; Lawrence, Paul R.

    Prompted by the national educational reform movement, a Kentucky committee, mandated by the general assembly, called in 1983 for changes in the preparation and certification of school administrators. This study presents a background of the mandates, details of the certification changes, the board of education's study of administrative preparation…

  12. Reforming Science Education. Social Perspectives & Personal Reflections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bybee, Rodger W.

    Science education reform is an ongoing process. In recent years many have begun to look not only to teachers for change, but they are also insisting on the involvement of administrators, parents, community members, and some business organizations to bring about this change. This book presents facts and insights regarding science education reform…

  13. Secondary Education in Malta: Guide to Secondary Education in Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attard, Paul A.; Buhagiar, Andrew J.

    The Maltese islands consist of Malta, Gozo, and Comino and two tiny uninhabited islands, strategically located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. This handbook contains a brief description of secondary education in Malta. Following the introduction, section 1 provides an overview of the mission of the Ministry of Education and Human…

  14. Progress in reforming chemical engineering education.

    PubMed

    Wankat, Phillip C

    2013-01-01

    Three successful historical reforms of chemical engineering education were the triumph of chemical engineering over industrial chemistry, the engineering science revolution, and Engineering Criteria 2000. Current attempts to change teaching methods have relied heavily on dissemination of the results of engineering-education research that show superior student learning with active learning methods. Although slow dissemination of education research results is probably a contributing cause to the slowness of reform, two other causes are likely much more significant. First, teaching is the primary interest of only approximately one-half of engineering faculty. Second, the vast majority of engineering faculty have no training in teaching, but trained professors are on average better teachers. Significant progress in reform will occur if organizations with leverage-National Science Foundation, through CAREER grants, and the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET-use that leverage to require faculty to be trained in pedagogy.

  15. Progress in reforming chemical engineering education.

    PubMed

    Wankat, Phillip C

    2013-01-01

    Three successful historical reforms of chemical engineering education were the triumph of chemical engineering over industrial chemistry, the engineering science revolution, and Engineering Criteria 2000. Current attempts to change teaching methods have relied heavily on dissemination of the results of engineering-education research that show superior student learning with active learning methods. Although slow dissemination of education research results is probably a contributing cause to the slowness of reform, two other causes are likely much more significant. First, teaching is the primary interest of only approximately one-half of engineering faculty. Second, the vast majority of engineering faculty have no training in teaching, but trained professors are on average better teachers. Significant progress in reform will occur if organizations with leverage-National Science Foundation, through CAREER grants, and the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET-use that leverage to require faculty to be trained in pedagogy. PMID:23394171

  16. Refocusing medical education reform: beyond the how.

    PubMed

    Salmon, Marla; Williams, David; Rhee, Kyu

    2015-02-01

    Integration of the basic and clinical sciences has been at the heart of medical education reform efforts for nearly a century. Neither the rate nor magnitude of actual progress suggests that reform is anywhere near completion, which presents a challenge to educators to seek ways to overcome significant obstacles to change. Robin Hopkins and colleagues, authors of the Perspective in this issue of Academic Medicine that has prompted this invited Commentary, are among those proposing interesting and useful answers to why integration has not been better achieved. This Commentary affirms the importance of finding better ways to accomplish curricular reform, while contending that real curricular reform must move well beyond the integration of basic and clinical sciences. Drawing from the 2014 report of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Commission to Build a Healthier America, the authors cite evidence of significant disparities and growing health challenges facing Americans today. They discuss three key recommendations from the report: attending to early childhood experiences, providing healthy choices within communities, and, particularly, rethinking the education of health professionals. Next, the authors detail the implications of these recommendations for medical education, stressing both the urgency and importance of moving to adopt these as directions for real reform that will address today's health care challenges. PMID:25140530

  17. Traversing the educational ladder: Perspectives on science curriculum reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salyer, Barbara Ann

    1998-12-01

    The purpose of this interpretive study was to unravel some of the complexity of science curriculum reform by tracing the natural history of the initiation of planned change viewed from the perspectives of practitioners and policymakers. The study captures the experiences, beliefs, and perceptions of key stakeholders in one school district in Texas and in the state education agency as they encounter, negotiate, and work with a radically different approach to the secondary science curriculum. Incorporating ideas from national reform efforts, such as Project 2061 and Scope, Sequence, and Coordination of Secondary School Science, the new approach called Coordinated Thematic Science (CTS) would offer a four-year course of study in grades seven through ten, integrating the major science disciplines with a thematic approach. Three sources of data were collected, described, and analyzed in the study: in-depth interviews, document analyses, and field notes. Nine factors related to the initiation and implementation of change, derived inductively from the data, were identified and described for each of the participants from the different stakeholder groups studied. These groups included middle school science teachers, high school science teachers, middle school principals, district office staff members, and state education agency staff members. Results are presented both in the form of descriptive text and in data displays constructed around the nine key factors for each stakeholder group. The results are interpreted against the historical account of the origins and development of CTS and related to the literature on educational change. Stakeholder perspectives on the reform were complex and often idiosyncratic. Two factors, belief that the curriculum needs to be reformed and beliefs about the effects of the proposed reform on students, showed the widest variations in perceptions across the five stakeholder groups. Teachers' personal concerns about their science backgrounds

  18. Tax Reform and Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franck, Gail

    1987-01-01

    The effect of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 on college and university revenues and expenditures is reviewed. Institutional revenues are derived primarily from five sources: tuition, charitable contributions, debt financing, endowment income, and governmental appropriations. The effect of the new law on family and student income, savings, student…

  19. Reforming the Educational Administration Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miklos, Erwin

    This paper discusses the conceptual reform of university-based graduate level administrator preparation programs. The functionalist, interpretative, and critical approaches to social science have important implications for the study of motivation, decision-making, communication and leadership. Interpretative and critical approaches must be woven…

  20. Misrecognition and Science Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandt, Carol B.

    2012-01-01

    In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…

  1. [Secondary Career Education Activities: Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford City Schools, VA.

    The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

  2. Improving Citizenship Education: Secondary Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Edwin L., Ed.

    Designed to enrich secondary level social studies education, this manual provides teaching strategies and units on local, state, and federal government; global education; law and individual rights; and citizenship skills. Teaching strategies include case studies, using community resources, using the newspaper, quantitative inquiry, simulation…

  3. Secondary School Design: Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education and Science, London (England).

    Current trends in physical education in secondary schools in England are analysed in relation to the design of indoor physical education facilities. Spaces needed for the study of movement in dance and modern gymnastics are outlined; and the indoor provisions necessary for games, athletics, contests, and swimming are discussed, with comments on…

  4. Minimum Competency in Secondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Landsheere, Viviane

    1987-01-01

    Discusses issues related to the movement toward minimum competency in secondary education. Addresses the problem of defining minimum competency and the dangers of imposed standardization. Identifies three conceptualizations of minimum competency as: (1) the narrowly educational standpoint, (2) the concern with functional literacy, and (3) a more…

  5. [Secondary Career Education Activities: Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford City Schools, VA.

    The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

  6. On Educational Reform in Peru

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bondy, August Salazar

    1972-01-01

    The new concept of education in Peru implies a lifelong educational process, provides for communication between education institutions and programs, the family and the community, and for the involvement of everybody. (JB)

  7. From Olympics to Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christie, Kathy

    2003-01-01

    Discusses Utah's competency-based education bill (S.B. 154). Includes graduation requirements, role of local boards, task force charge, alternative teacher certification, state education summit, state board of education role in the bill's implementation. (PKP)

  8. Reviews of National Policies for Education: Educational Reforms in Sweden.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    This report examines the successes and problems of educational reforms in Sweden. Examiners from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) collected data and information for the report from published and unpublished documents and from a two-week tour of the country. The reforms are judged by three main objectives: equality;…

  9. Global Citizenship and National (Re)formations: Analysis of Citizenship Education Reform in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel, Laura C.

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, many European education systems have embarked on a process of education policy and curriculum reform related to citizenship education. This article explores citizenship education reform in the context of Spain. It considers how and to what extent Spain's 2006 citizenship education addressed issues of national and global…

  10. The 1987 Junior secondary-school Reform in Ghana: Vocational or Pre-vocational in nature?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osei, George M.

    2004-11-01

    The secondary-education system in Ghana was reorganised in the early 1980s. The present study addresses one part of this reform: the attempt to introduce a more vocationally oriented curriculum in junior secondary schools. The findings on which this study is based are drawn from interviews at several levels as well as from documentary analysis and case studies. It is shown how planned changes were not clearly conceptualised and how a serious lack of communication has continued to exist between the various elements of the education system. Classroom observation also reveals that the ideas originally laid out in the National Education Policy - such as integrated approaches to subject matter, student involvement, and problem-oriented teaching methods -- have not been effectively implemented by teachers.

  11. Education Reform and the Quality of Kindergartens in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

    2010-01-01

    The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan--the implementation of public kindergartens--and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of…

  12. Educational Reform and Curriculum Implementation in England: An Historical Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldrich, Richard

    This paper provides a historical perspective on the implementation of educational reform by the Thatcher government in England. Since 1979, and particularly since the Education Reform Act of 1988, the state educational system in England has undergone massive reform in the form of a national curriculum, increased school-based management, and the…

  13. The Progress of Globalization and Educational Reforms in East Asia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shimbo, Atsuko

    2009-01-01

    The symposium entitled "Social Changes in East Asia and Educational reforms: China, Korea, and Singapore" suggested that these countries are carrying out rather drastic educational reforms in the context of rapid social changes. The knowledge gained from the symposium also has important suggestions for Japanese educational reform. In addition, as…

  14. Technology and Reform-Based Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dani, Danielle E.; Koenig, Kathleen M.

    2008-01-01

    Current reforms in science education call for the integration of digital technologies into science teaching, advocating that students learn science content and processes through technology. In this article, we provide practical examples, situated within the literature, of how digital technologies can be used to support the development and…

  15. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Bulgaria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) in Bulgaria consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on Bulgaria. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET, and legislative…

  16. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Hungary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) in Hungary consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on Hungary. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET, and legislative…

  17. Vocational Education and Training Reform in Slovenia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) in Slovenia consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on the country. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET, and legislative…

  18. Education Reform Sparks Teacher Protest in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Bradley A.

    2014-01-01

    The current tumult in the Mexican education arena has deep roots in politics and tradition, but it is latter-day global competition and international measures of student performance that are driving reform efforts. Teacher strikes and demonstrations are not new in Mexico, but issues raised by today's protesting teachers represent a…

  19. Higher Education and University Reform in Brazil.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Da Silva, Jadiel Vieira

    Certain aspects of three stages of development of the Brazilian higher education system are analyzed. The first stage starts in 1931 with the enactment of the so-called "Statutes of the Brazilian Universities." The beginning of the second stage is marked by the 1961 Law of Guidelines and Fundamentals that intended to reform the entire educational…

  20. Tax Reform 1975: Issues Facing Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinbach, Sheldon Elliot

    Voluntary support has been a major factor in the financing of American higher education since colonial times. Yet several recent proposals intended as tax reform measures threaten to reduce voluntary donations at a time when the nation's postsecondary institutions are in the throes of financial distress. The income tax proposals that would have an…

  1. Good Discipline: Legislation for Education Reform. Appendices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Losen, Daniel J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the appendices included in the "Good Discipline: Legislation for Education Reform" report. Appended are: (1) Federal Data Requirements; (2) Maryland State Law Requiring Positive Behavioral Interventions and Support Program when suspension rates exceed a certain level; (3) The Act's provisions focused on training and development…

  2. Districts as Institutional Actors in Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rorrer, Andrea K.; Skrla, Linda; Scheurich, James Joseph

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Intermittent attention to the district as the unit of study has left a void in our understanding of the complexities associated with the ability of district-level leaders to contribute to successful, systemic educational reform. In this article, the authors address this void by providing a narrative synthesis of previous findings,…

  3. Political Transformations and Higher Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozma, Tamas

    2008-01-01

    The Bologna process is a comprehensive concept for European higher education reforms of the 20th and 21st centuries. However, it means something else in Central European countries than it does in the rest of Europe. It has been combined in Central Europe with a major social change referred to as the "political transformation" (Johnson 1996).…

  4. Educational Reforms that Foster Ecological Intelligence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, C. A.

    2010-01-01

    There are powerful forces of resistance that must be acknowledged when introducing educational reforms that foster ecological intelligence. The foremost source of resistance is the paradigm gap that now separates generations. That is, the vast majority of university professors, classroom teachers--and thus the general public that has been educated…

  5. The British Experience of Reform in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnes, Geraint

    1996-01-01

    The nature and impact of reforms since 1988 in British education, both compulsory and postsecondary, are examined, focusing on changes in organizational structure and financing mechanisms. The success of these changes in meeting their objectives is assessed, and unresolved issues are identified. (MSE)

  6. Beginning Teachers' Responses to Education Reform Agendas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adoniou, Misty

    2016-01-01

    National education reform agendas are increasingly prevalent in school systems around the world. Whilst we have a substantial body of research exploring the ways in which schools manage change agendas, there is less discussion of the impacts these agendas may have on beginning teachers and their retention in the profession. Here I report on a…

  7. Make Something Happen. Hispanics and Urban High School Reform. Volume II. Report of the National Commission on Secondary Education for Hispanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hispanic Policy Development Project, Inc., New York, NY.

    This is the second volume of the report of the National Commission on Secondary Schooling for Hispanics. There are three main sections. The first contains a comparative, demographic analysis of the United States Hispanic population, the total United States population, and the White and Black populations. It documents the relative size and growth…

  8. Shaping Educational Policy in Maryland: Teacher Education Reform and Beyond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinkle, Dennis E.; Proffitt, Thomas D.; Pilato, Virginia H.; Rosenthal, Michael

    Maryland's teacher education reform began in 1991, when the Maryland Higher Education Council (MHEC) charged a task force with recommending a comprehensive approach to educating teachers that combined a solid foundation in academic preparation with promising developments in professional practice. The task force report recommended a 4+1 model for…

  9. La reforma educativa y las reformas a la administracion (Educational Reform and Reforms in Educational Administration).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El Maestro, Mexico, 1971

    1971-01-01

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1500 words) summarizing a report presented to the Eighth National Plenary Assembly of the National Technical Council for Education by the Mexican Academy of Education, a private association of teachers. It recommended the adoption of four basic educational administrative reforms by the…

  10. Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2012-01-01

    Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

  11. International Perspectives on Education and Society. Volume 4, Educational Reform in International Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rust, Val D., Ed.; Yogev, Abraham, Ed.

    National educational reform must be interpreted from a broader sociopolitical vantage point. Following the introduction, "The Change Process and Educational Reform" by Val D. Rust, the four papers in part 1 are devoted primarily to conceptual issues related to educational reform. They include: (1) "Problems of Educational Reforms in a Changing…

  12. The Heart of the Matter: Teacher Educators and Teacher Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Ardra L., Ed.; Elijah, Rosebud, Ed.; Knowles, J. Gary, Ed.

    This collection of papers examines the role of teacher educators in teacher education reform. Part 1, "The Reform Context," includes the first chapter: (1) "Setting and Defining the Context" (J. Gary Knowles and Ardra L. Cole). Part 2, "Self-Study as Teacher Education Reform," includes chapters 2-6: (2) "Reforming Teacher Education through…

  13. Education Reform as it Relates to Science Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elliott, R. J.

    2005-05-01

    Four decades of educational reform efforts from the nineteen sixties have not significantly improved our schools. It is believed that in the equation of educational reform, leadership and power in educational reform have mitigated against educational reform through the misapplicaiton of examination and accountability. A major subset of the field on public administration is accountability. Accountability is widely used in government although the concept is loosely defined. Most often it is used to express public frustration, to call for control, and to transmit a range of political agendas. Any accountability framework originates from the American model of shared powers between independent governmental bodies. It allows for institutions to depend on and accommodate other institutions. Accountability assumes that individuals or agencies may hold accountable for their performance. This assumes that there is a unidirectional flow of power and influence between a controlling partner and a controlled partner. This assumption is false. Individual administrators are exposed to the authority and persuasion within a democratic framework. Educators are also confronted with control mechanisms that are rooted in the organizational and professional standards and disciplinary standards regardless of whether any democratic controls are evoked. Accountability relationships have the potential to become quite complicated. Performance evaluation is significant to every accountability relationship. In the public sector, the citizens hold government accountable and the idea of performance evaluation is relative at best, however, in education the use of examination for accountability allows for the misapplication of the exam and affects education reform in negative ways.

  14. Reforming Doctoral Education in Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitusikova, Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    Doctoral education in Europe has been undergoing a major transformation in the last decade. This transformation has occurred in response to several challenges: the changing nature of the labor market in the globalized economy; the European Union's common agenda in research and education, which seeks to make Europe the most competitive…

  15. Music Education, Reformative and Aestheticization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koopman, Constantijn

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the phenomena of performativity and aestheticization and their implications for education. The forces of performativity pose a threat to music and the other arts, even though some advocators try to justify music education by appealing to their alleged performative results. At first sight, aestheticization seems to accord much…

  16. Secondary Physical Education Instructional Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

    Designed for use as a teaching aid only, this instructional guide provides secondary physical education teachers with a basis and direction for realizing those instructional objectives concerned with the development of motor skills and physical fitness. The content of the bulletin reflects an increased emphasis on individualization and student…

  17. The Ozone Project. Secondary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saugier, Philippe

    This document describes the development of theme-based projects within a European co-operative environmental education framework at the secondary school level. The participation of 15 students from 9 different European countries in one such project is described. Students are involved with the publication of articles based on firsthand observations…

  18. Finnish Higher Education Reforms: Responding to Globalization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tjeldvoll, Arild

    2009-01-01

    The international academic success of Finnish secondary schooling in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the triumph of the Finnish technology company NOKIA have stimulated national ambitions to improve higher education institutions in Finland. Because secondary schooling and technology in Finland receive world recognition,…

  19. Systemic Reform: Defining Education in the '90s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasser, Judith Davidson

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on systemic reform with regard to standards and equity. Emphasizes the places of technology and curriculum in this reform. Concludes that bringing together different players in the educational system to help change practice and support new educational goals is a common goal of many reform efforts. (ASK)

  20. Organizational and Individual Responses to Educational Reforms in Alberta.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Judith Ellen

    Alberta's (Canada) recent educational reforms exhibit the characteristic elements of new public management (NPM), an international government reform trend that has emerged and grown over the past two decades. This paper describes a study undertaken to explore the impacts of the educational reforms on schools, including the behavior of school staff…

  1. Teachers' Sense of Self amid Adaptation to Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van den Berg, G.; Schulze, S.

    2014-01-01

    Education has been subject to a process of continuous educational reforms. The aim of this study was to explore teachers' abilities to adapt to these reforms and to find out how this process of continual reform related to their identities as teachers. The study used a narrative research approach. The data for this research were based on the…

  2. Swedish Educational Policy and Reforms--Intention versus Reality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odin, Bjorn

    1987-01-01

    Swedish school reform since the 1970s has involved a shift in policy and underlying values throughout the entire implementation process. Educational reform has broken into loosely connected fragments with relevant reform makers at all educational levels. Despite a newly decentralized process, observed changes are not really structural. Includes…

  3. Crafting an Education Reform Agenda through Economic Stimulus Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonnell, Lorraine M.; Weatherford, M. Stephen

    2011-01-01

    The economic stimulus enacted during President Obama's initial weeks included a down payment on his ambitious education reform agenda. By combining short-term policy with reform, the strategy gained his administration three advantages: a discretionary funding source with little Congressional scrutiny; flexibility in pursuing education reform goals…

  4. The Educational Reform Bandwagon: Is It Really a Runaway Train?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanigan, J. L.; And Others

    The reform bandwagon has brought about a glut of legislation under the term "education reform." Efforts to define this term have been unsatisfactory. A study by Flanigan et al. attempted to define the term education reform, but it discovered that each state had developed its own definition and program. This finding was a result of a survey sent to…

  5. Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotberg, Iris C., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    In Balancing Change and Tradition in Global Education Reform, Rotberg brings together examples of current education reforms in sixteen countries, written by "insiders". This book goes beyond myths and stereotypes and describes the difficult trade-offs countries make as they attempt to implement reforms in the context of societal and global change.…

  6. The impact of educational reform and categorization of scientific journals and scientists on physics in Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Božić, Mirjana; Davidović, Milena; Kapor, Agneš; Knežević, Dragica; Pavkov-Hrvojević, Milica; Puač, Nevena; Savić, Ilija; Stojanović, Maja; Marković-Topalović, Tatjana

    2013-03-01

    The trend of the increasing participation and importance of female physicists in Serbia continues. Many women have taken leading position in research and faculty governance and are contributing significantly to educational reform and the improvement of physics education in the primary and secondary schools.

  7. DBER and STEM Education Reform: Are We up to the Challenge?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talanquer, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    The extent and quality of Discipline-Based Education Research (DBER) at the post-secondary level have grown substantially in recent years. Associated research findings are central to current reform efforts to transform science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education in colleges and universities across the United States. The increased…

  8. Soviet Industrial Strategy and Reforms in Vocational Education, 1984-88: Policy Implications and Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sowtis, Dennis

    1991-01-01

    In 1984, Soviet educational reforms increased the number of vocational secondary schools, introduced pupils to vocational education at an earlier age, and strengthened vertical integration between local enterprises and schools. Unintended consequences may be occupational rigidity, course offerings based on obsolete manpower needs, and…

  9. Gender, School Management and Educational Reforms: A Case Study of a Primary School in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Anita Kit-wa

    2004-01-01

    Across the globe, many countries have incorporated new managerialism and marketization to reform their education systems. Feminist studies have already pointed out that these changes are gendered and masculinized and have documented their impacts on women teachers in secondary, higher and further education. Yet interestingly, while primary…

  10. The Cultural Politics of Constructivist Pedagogies: Teacher Education Reform in the United Republic of Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vavrus, Frances

    2009-01-01

    This article examines recent educational reforms in Tanzania by looking at the cultural politics of pedagogical change in secondary and teacher education. It presents an ethnography of a teachers college founded on the principles of social constructivism in a country where formalistic, teacher-centered pedagogy is the norm. Using data collected…

  11. Children of Reform: The Impact of High-Stakes Education Reform on Preservice Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Christopher Pierce

    2010-01-01

    High-stakes standards-based accountability reforms are changing teacher education. A key set of participants in this process who have been affected by these reforms are the teacher candidates. Many were educated almost entirely in high-stakes education systems. Yet, little is known about how their experiences as students affect their conceptions…

  12. Transforming Teacher Education to Reform America's P-20 Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Futrell, Mary Hatwood

    2010-01-01

    Moving beyond "reform", teacher education programs need to be "transformed" to better prepare teachers, school counselors, and administrators to teach, guide, and lead in this complex society. Educators must have the skills, knowledge, and commitment to be part of the leadership team that assumes the responsibility for carrying the mantra of the…

  13. Exploring Secondary Science Teachers' Perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Chun-Yen; Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Yang, Fang-Ying

    2009-01-01

    The educational reform movement since the 1990s has led the secondary earth science curriculum in Taiwan into a stage of reshaping. The present study investigated secondary earth science teachers' perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education (GESE). The GESE should express the statements of philosophy and purpose toward which educators…

  14. Beginning Together: Reforming Schools by Investing in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, Michael J.; Kaufman, Sherelyn R.; Nelson, Elizabeth C.

    2015-01-01

    The most productive way to reform education would be to invest in effective early childhood education programs. Such an investment would produce remarkable educational, social, and economic benefits. It would also transcend the current divisive debates about education reform by uniting advocates with different perspectives on issues of funding,…

  15. Jordanian Chemistry Teachers' Views on Teaching Practices and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Amoush, Siham A.; Markic, Silvija; Eilks, Ingo

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluates experienced teachers' views of chemistry teaching and learning and educational reform in Jordan. The main focus is an investigation of applied teaching practices in chemistry education, including educators' perception of the intentions and effects of ongoing educational reforms. The study is based on semi-structured interviews…

  16. Education Reform Legislation in the UK: A Summary. Mendip Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graystone, J. A.

    This paper summarizes the major pieces of education legislation passed in 1988 and 1989 in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland. The Education Reform Act 1988, the Education Reform (Northern Ireland) Order 1989, and the Self-Governing Schools Etc. (Scotland) Act 1989 will all transform education in the 1990s. In all countries, the prime…

  17. Civic Education Reform in the Context of Transition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalous, Jaroslav

    Defining civic education reform in the Czech Republic since 1989 in terms of its post-communist transition, this paper contends that the breadth, depth, and range of educational reforms proposed or already adopted in Central and Eastern European societies is extensive, involving most areas of education (curricula, educational legislation,…

  18. Teacher Educators and Indigenous Language Rights Reform in Southern Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, Paul Edward

    2012-01-01

    Nations throughout the world have increasingly looked at teacher education policy as a vehicle for reform of both the educational system and the society at large, and teacher quality is often positively associated with the quality of the overall educational system. Although such reforms often target pre-service teacher education, little is known…

  19. Legal Education Reform: Modest Suggestions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Alan

    2001-01-01

    Based on harsh criticism of legal education by students, offers suggestions for improvement that do not require additional time for law studies, will increase the exposure of students both to law as practice and to law as an intellectual discipline, and involve no greater burden on law schools. A main suggestion involves elimination of teaching…

  20. Educational Finance Reform in Wyoming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neely, Robert O.; Basom, Margaret R.

    This paper provides a history and analysis of educational finance in Wyoming. It offers a summary of the funding model that is currently in place and that has been challenged in court--the fourth such challenge in the past 30 years. The article focuses on the current litigation. It discusses the funding formula that was adopted by the state…

  1. Wyoming's "Education Reform & Cost Study."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Joseph B.

    A history of education in the state of Wyoming, along with a description of recent legislative initiatives, are presented in this paper. It opens with statewide reorganizations begun in the 1960s that unified school districts and equalized property valuation. A decade later a court order ruled the system inequitable and new laws provided for a…

  2. Educational Reform Agenda and Partnerships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corrigan, Dean C.; Mobley, William H.

    Major factors contributing to the crisis in United States education are summarized, including poverty, changes in the American family, child abuse, changes in the ethnic composition of schools, increasing global competition, decline in traditional student performance measures, crisis in mathematics and science, shortages of teachers, shift in the…

  3. Education Reform Is at Risk.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Heyward

    1986-01-01

    Addresses South Carolina's Educational Improvement Act of 1984, at risk in the context of four considerations: (1) the seduction of test scores; (2) the issue of teacher pay, particularly incentive pay; (3) the real tasks of intervention; and (4) the expectations of leadership. (JK)

  4. Zakon za srednoto obrazovanie (Secondary Education Act).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1971

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of the Macedonian Secondary Education Act of 1970. Secondary Education is an integral part of the consolidated system of education and training. All citizens have an equal right to acquire the knowledge and skills they need in any type of secondary level institution.…

  5. Problems in the Reform of Educational Finance: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sale, Tim; Levin, Benjamin

    1991-01-01

    It is argued that educational finance reform proposals have emphasized the elements of a desirable financial system too greatly, while downplaying the constraints facing educational change. These constraints are illustrated in the case study of educational reform in Manitoba, which has about 60 school divisions and districts. (SLD)

  6. Higher Education Reform in Russia: Democratization or Bureaucratization?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Panfilova, T. V.

    2011-01-01

    Recent reforms have increased the level of administrative oversight, and also of interference of the structure and content of university education in Russia. This is leading to a weakening of Russian higher education. In this article, the author talks about the reform of the system of higher education in Russia and the bureaucratization of higher…

  7. Steady Work. Policy, Practice, and the Reform of American Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmore, Richard F.; McLaughlin, Milbrey Wallin

    This report analyzes the relationship between educational policymaking and educational practice in schools and classrooms by drawing lessons from recent attempts to reform schools with policy. Educational reform operates on the following loosely connected levels: (1) policy; (2) administration; and (3) practice. Policy can set the conditions for…

  8. Making Education Reform Happen: Is There an "Asian" Way?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallinger, Philip

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a descriptive analysis of education reform in selected Southeast Asian nations between 1995 and 2007. It reports the results of a purposive survey of elite informants comprising scholars and educational leaders involved in education reform in Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. The paper addresses two main…

  9. Applying Concepts of Critical Pedagogy to Qatar's Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romanowski, Michael H.; Amatullah, Tasneem

    2016-01-01

    Qatar is in the midst of a systemic education reform, Education For a New Era, steered by RAND's (a nonprofit research organization) analysis and report of Qatar's Educational system. Driven by a neoliberal agenda, the reform includes international curricula, curriculum standards, teacher licensure, and professional standards for school leaders…

  10. School Finance Reform, Educational Adequacy, and Urban Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Addonizio, Michael F.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses state efforts to link education reform with educational adequacy. Describes four approaches for investigating this linkage: statistical modeling, empirical observation, professional judgment, and whole-school design. Investigates educational adequacy in Michigan's school-finance reform efforts by examining urban school districts. Finds…

  11. China's Higher Education Reform 1998-2003: A Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lixu, Li

    2004-01-01

    Profoundly important and unprecedented changes have taken place in China's higher education since 1998, when Zhu Rongji Administration (1998-2003) decided to carry out a new round of educational reform. These changes include some breakthroughs in macro administrative system reform, growth in the total amount of educational expenditure, the…

  12. John Stuart Mill on Freedom, Education, and Social Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carbone, Peter F.

    1983-01-01

    Examines the social philosophy of John Stuart Mill, emphasizing his views on freedom, education, and social reform. Considers Mill's individualism and reformism, the conflict between freedom and control that characterizes his work, and the importance of freedom and education. Suggests caution in drawing educational implications from his work. (DAB)

  13. Coding as a Trojan Horse for Mathematics Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadanidis, George

    2015-01-01

    The history of mathematics educational reform is replete with innovations taken up enthusiastically by early adopters without significant transfer to other classrooms. This paper explores the coupling of coding and mathematics education to create the possibility that coding may serve as a Trojan Horse for mathematics education reform. That is,…

  14. Ghetto Schooling: A Political Economy of Urban Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anyon, Jean

    This book is based on a study of a 4-year reform effort in the Newark (New Jersey) public schools. The discussion focuses on an elementary school as it attempted reform in an effort that was ultimately unsuccessful. Part I opens the discussion of the effects of social class and race on educational reform. To see why inner city schools have not…

  15. Reforming the Madrassah System of Education in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inamullah, Hafiz Muhammad; Hifazatullah, Hafiz; Sarwar, Muhammad; Khan, Naeemullah; Sultan, Khalid

    2010-01-01

    The unfortunate attacks of 9/11 forced the government to reform madrassah education programs. The aim of this article is to discuss the reform and its results and points of view, as well as the reaction of the Islamic seminaries toward these madrassah reforms.

  16. The New Technology and Educational Reform: Guidelines for School Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Mark; Karr-Kidwell, PJ

    This paper presents the results of a literature review on educational methodology reforms. The first section discusses five factors in broad-based school reforms: change theory; organizational theory; state/national politics; local politics/governance; and leadership theory. Five types of reforms for school-wide success are described in the second…

  17. Quality Education: School Reform for the New American Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Porro, Jeffrey D.

    The reform of schools and the modernization of workplaces are inextricably linked. Finding common ground begins with a realization that educators have a tripartite mission to teach students to be good neighbors, involved citizens, and qualified workers. Unless the reform of schools and reform of workplaces proceed at the same pace, a mismatch is…

  18. Technical, Political and Cultural Barriers to Science Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Carla C.

    2007-01-01

    Administrative support is essential for reform efforts to take place at the building and district level. This study explored barriers teachers encountered while implementing science education reform and the impact those barriers had on change in instructional practices and reform. Findings in this study reveal that support from administration is…

  19. Hong Kong Educational Reforms in the Last Decade: Reform Syndrome and New Developments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Yin Cheong

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to analyse the reform syndrome, bottle-neck effects and their impacts on teachers and school education in the last ten years and highlight the direction of new developments. Design/methodology/approach: The paper examines educational reforms in Hong Kong in the last decade. Findings: Echoing the international trends of…

  20. Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training

    PubMed Central

    Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

    2011-01-01

    Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results suggest that welfare reform reduced enrollment in full-time vocational education and had no significant effects on part-time vocational education or participation in other types of work-related courses, though there appears to be considerable heterogeneity across states with respect to the strictness of educational policy and the strength of work incentives under welfare reform. In addition, we find evidence of heterogeneous effects by prior educational attainment. We find no evidence that the previously-observed negative effects of welfare reform on formal education (including college enrollment), which we replicated in this study, have been offset by increases in vocational education and training. PMID:22125356

  1. Learning Critical Thinking in Saudi Arabia: Student Perceptions of Secondary Pre-Service Teacher Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allamnakhrah, Alhasan

    2013-01-01

    Saudi scholars have been agitating for education reforms to incorporate critical thinking in education programs. This paper is a qualitative case study undertaken at King Abdul Aziz University and Arab Open University and examines students' perception of learning critical thinking in secondary pre-service teacher education programs in Saudi…

  2. Workforce 2000: Implications for the Refocusing of Secondary Vocational Education for Tomorrow's Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preston, John H.

    Three trends in the United States have implications for the redirection of secondary vocational education--the educational reform movement, the projected work force in the year 2000, and the population to be served in the next decade. Emerging is increasing support for the concept that education is not just important to the nation's economic…

  3. Civic Education in the Czech Republic: Curriculum Reform for Democratic Citizenship. Evaluator's Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torney-Purta, Judith

    This report evaluates a project undertaken in the Czech Republic to create lesson scenarios to revise the existing social studies curricular framework for the third form of secondary school (ages 17-18) with special reference to the overarching objectives for civic education reform started in 1989. These objectives included the elimination of…

  4. Referencing and Borrowing from Other Systems: The Hong Kong Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forestier, Katherine; Adamson, Bob; Han, Christine; Morris, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Background: This paper analyses the role of, and approach to, policy referencing and borrowing in Hong Kong's recent reforms that culminated in the creation of its New Academic Structure and the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education. Main argument: It argues that Hong Kong has gone further than most jurisdictions not just in responding to…

  5. Decentralization and Structural Change in Secondary Education in Argentina: The Case of the Province of Buenos Aires

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acedo, Clementina; Gorostiaga, Jorge M.; Senen-Gonzalez, Silvia

    2007-01-01

    Over the past decade, Argentina created and implemented a compulsory lower-secondary education level, within an ambitious educational reform programme. This article addresses the reform at the national level, diverse provincial responses, and the particular way that the powerful province of Buenos Aires appropriated the structural change. The…

  6. "Raising Standards"& Deepening Inequality: Selection, League Tables, and Reform in Multiethnic Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillborn, David; Youdell, Deborah

    Although education in England is dominated by the rhetoric of "standards," this paper attempts to show that the overall shape and drive of English education reform has remained largely consistent. The annually published School Performance Tables continue to be assigned a special place in the reforms, as a means to and as an index of raising…

  7. Honors Education and the Prospects for Academic Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennison, George M.

    2008-01-01

    Honors education has the potential to serve as the foundation for reform of undergraduate education. Calls for reform during the last three decades have not resulted in change, in large measure because of the failure to engage the faculty and students in the effort. While prescriptions for change have abounded, conditions on campus and within…

  8. Get Over It! Education Reform Is Dead. Now What?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Caren

    This book shares what one educator learned as a teacher and administrator in public and private schools and business, examining where the country is in the process of reforming public education and suggesting that it is tired out from so many reform efforts. It notes that new programs often suffocate under the latest federal, state, or district…

  9. Philanthropy and Educational Reform during the Great Depression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watras, Joseph

    2005-01-01

    The author discusses philanthropy and educational reform from the Great Depression to the present, contrasting the views of that time to "Making It Count" (Chester E. Finn, Jr. and Kelly Amis, 2001.) Although Finn and Amis presented their suggestions as advancing democracy, they thought that educational reform took place best when elite groups…

  10. "Doi Moi" (Renovation) and Higher Education Reform in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thanh, Pham Thi Hong

    2011-01-01

    Vietnam has experienced significant social, economic, political, and educational changes during the last two decades since the "Doi Moi" policy was implemented. To respond to new requirements required by the global economy, Vietnamese education has undergone remarkable reforms. This article critically examines these reforms in three areas:…

  11. Current Reform Efforts in Mathematics Education. ERIC/CSMEE Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Thomas G.

    The current reform effort in mathematics education has its roots in the decade of the 1980's and the national reports that focused attention on an impending crisis in education, particularly in mathematics and science. Within this context, dozens of individual reform efforts have been initiated in recent years. Many have focused on the development…

  12. Beyond Gifted Education: Building a Shared Agenda for School Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sapon-Shevin, Mara

    1996-01-01

    This discussion of the relationship of gifted education programs to broader school reform efforts focuses on negative effects of gifted programs on schools at large; issues in the reexamination of the gifted construct; and suggestions to avoid positioning school reform advocates, gifted education proponents, and full inclusion supporters in…

  13. Traditions of Reform in U.S. Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeichner, Kenneth M.; Liston, Daniel P.

    Four traditions of reform in 20th century U.S. teacher education are described: academic, social efficiency, developmentalist, and social reconstructionist. Each tradition is illustrated with examples from both early and contemporary teacher education programs. Following the presentation of the reform traditions, the heuristic value of the…

  14. Rethinking the Role of Leadership in General Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gano-Phillips, Susan; Barnett, Robert W.; Kelsch, Anne; Hawthorne, Joan; Mitchell, Nancy D.; Jonson, Jessica

    2011-01-01

    This article addresses the importance of leadership in general education reform, using three case studies. We argue that campus leadership that fosters collaboration, trust, and a sense of stewardship among constituents is more likely to be successful in the challenging task of substantially reforming general education curricula.

  15. Law & School Reform: Six Strategies for Promoting Educational Equity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heubert, Jay P., Ed.

    This book describes the growing involvement of lawyers in America's public schools in the past half century. It discusses comparatively what leading educators and lawyers believe to be the most important law-driven school reforms and examines these reform efforts from the perspectives of law, education, research, and practice. It also considers…

  16. Reforming U.S. Teacher Education in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Franklin

    In the spirit of educational reform efforts, public schools have national goals for the first time and are under pressure to adopt a national curriculum, national testing, and parental choice of schools. School reform depends on upgrading teacher education. Only a more carefully recruited, better prepared, and more professionally rewarded teaching…

  17. Globalization and the Reform of Faculties of Education in Egypt: The Roles of Individual and Organizational, National and International Actors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsburg, Mark; Megahed, Nagwa

    2011-01-01

    In this manuscript we examine an example of globalization--the international organization-aided reform of faculties of education in Egypt. We first sketch the historical context during which secondary and primary-level teacher education became a part of Egyptian higher education. Then we draw on extensive documentary analysis and our own roles as…

  18. Baltimore City Community College: A Long Way To Go. Two Years Yield Few Meaningful Reforms, Underscore Deep-Seated Challenges Facing Baltimore City Residents' Largest Provider of Post-Secondary Education. The Abell Report. Volume 17 No.2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abell Foundation, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) represents the only chance for many Baltimore City residents to obtain a post-secondary education, find a job with a career path, and earn a sufficient income to support a family. BCCC is also a critical linchpin in Baltimore's ability to build a competitive workforce. Yet the college, with 7,300 credit…

  19. Baltimore City Community College: A Long Way to Go. Two Years Yield Few Meaningful Reforms, Underscore Deep-Seated Challenges Facing City Residents' Largest Provider of Post-Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abell Foundation, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Baltimore City Community College (BCCC) represents the only chance for many Baltimore City residents to obtain a post-secondary education, find a job with a career path, and earn a sufficient income to support a family. BCCC is also a critical linchpin in Baltimore's ability to build a competitive workforce. Yet the college, with 7,300 credit…

  20. Reforming Higher Education in "Transition": Between National and International Reform Initiatives--The Case of Slovenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zgaga, Pavel; Miklavic, Klemen

    2011-01-01

    The article analyzes the last two decades of higher education reforms in Slovenia. During the "period of transition," they were led by national as well as international initiatives. At an early stage, the national initiatives were mainly based on criticisms of the last reform made by the former regime, although the generation of new ideas and…

  1. Michigan School Finance Reform. Analysis of the Enacted School Finance/Education Reform Package. Issue Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Towne, George; And Others

    In March 1994, Michigan voters approved a ballot proposal that used a mixture of state and local taxes to fund the K-12 educational system. This document presents a comprehensive review of the issues affected by the reform. The enacted K-12 school-finance reform package made a major change in the way state aid was distributed to local school…

  2. Implementing and Supporting Earth Science Curriculum Reform in Secondary Schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, M. J.

    2003-12-01

    The American Geological Institute has been actively involved in developing earth science curricula for more thanm 40 years through programs like Earth Science Sourcebook and the Earth Science Curriculum Project. Recently, the AGI was funded by the National Science Foundation to develop curriculum for secondary school (grades 6-12) that would address the Earth science and inquiry content standards of the National Science Education Standards. The EarthComm (high school) and Investigating Earth Systems (middle school) curriculum programs were developed through funding from the National Science Foundation and corporate sponsors of the AGI Foundation, and published for the 2002-2003 schol year. The AGI is now actively involved in developing and refining systems for supporting the professional development of teachers who implement EarthComm and Investigating Earth Systems. The paper presentation will outline how AGI is supporting teachers through a combination of web-based programs, teacher workshops, and DVD and video materials.

  3. Goals of Universal Basic and Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Joel E.

    2006-01-01

    This essay discusses educational goals for universal basic and secondary education. It suggests some of the difficulties that may explain the great diversity of educational goals. The purposes of this essay are to (1) stimulate attention to educational goals on the part of individuals, families, educational professionals, community leaders in…

  4. Osnovi polojenia na reformata v obrasovatelnata sistema na Narodna republika Bulgaria (Basic Provisions of the Reform of the Public Education System in the People's Republic of Bulgaria).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulgarian Communist Party, Sofia.

    This document is an English language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of the reform provisions of the Bulgarian education system as formulated by the Bulgarian Communist Party in 1969. These reforms include the following items: access to compulsory secondary education for all; enrollment of all six-year olds; teachers to be specialized from…

  5. Community Organizing as an Education Reform Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renee, Michelle; McAlister, Sara

    2011-01-01

    Community organizing for school reform offers an urgently needed alternative to traditional approaches to school change. Many current reforms fail to thrive due to lack of trust, understanding, or cultural relevance to the community being targeted. The high turnover of reformers (superintendents, principals, or outside organizations) in high-need…

  6. Exploring the Congruence between the Lesotho Junior Secondary Geography Curriculum and Environmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raselimo, Mohaeka; Irwin, Pat; Wilmot, Di

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we analyse the Lesotho junior secondary geography curriculum document with the purpose of exploring the congruence between geography and environmental education. The study is based on a curriculum reform process introduced by the Lesotho Environmental Education Support Project (LEESP) in 2001. we draw theoretical insights from…

  7. A Way Forward: A Progressive Vision for Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, Jeremy; Brown, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    Congress has the opportunity to move forward on education reform by reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA, to ensure all children achieve their greatest potential. Unfortunately, it has yet to find the will to do so, to the detriment of American students and schools. ESEA is the largest and most significant federal…

  8. Austerity, Ontario and Post-Secondary Education: The Case of "Canada's Capital University"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fanelli, Carlo; Meades, James

    2011-01-01

    As austerity measures intensify around the world, the axe has come down particularly hard on post-secondary education (PSE). So-called education "reform" has shown itself to be a lightning rod for confrontation. In order to deal with unprecedented government budget shortfalls, caused, it must be recalled, by the lead agents of the capitalist class…

  9. Preparing Secondary Special Educators: Four Collaborative Initiatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Kate D.; Carpenter, Laura Bowden; Dyal, Allen; Austin, Sheila; Shumack, Kellie

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to share the results of multiphase initiatives funded by four separate grants. The projects were designed to improve and enhance collaborative teaching at the secondary level. Each project provided opportunities for increased collaboration between special education faculty, secondary education faculty, and…

  10. Secondary General Education Teachers' Attitudes toward Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Valerie A.

    2014-01-01

    Since the inception of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, educators have struggled with including students with disabilities in the general education classroom with their nondisabled peers. The inclusion educational model was utilized in this study to explore secondary teachers' attitudes toward inclusive educational…

  11. The Politics of Basic Education Reform in Brazil.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plank, David N.

    1990-01-01

    Resumption of democratic politics in Brazil has had mixed consequences for basic education. Although the "Education for All" program aims to improve access to basic education for poor children, politically powerful groups oppose reallocation of resources at their expense and ensure that educational reform remains rhetoric. Contains 85 references.…

  12. Zimbabwe's Public Education System Reforms: Successes and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanyongo, Gibbs Y.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss Zimbabwe's public education system. First, the article provides a brief look at pre-independence education in Zimbabwe. Second, it discusses some of the reforms that took place in the Zimbabwe education system following independence. Third, it looks at the current structure of Zimbabwe's education system…

  13. Special Education: Does It Fit with Standards-Based Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kysilko, David, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This issue focuses on how special education fits into standards-based reform and contains the following featured articles: (1) A New Vision for Special Education Accountability (Martha L. Thurlow and Jane L. Krentz) charts the change in special education accountability as it moves from the old focus on Individualized Education Program teams; (2)…

  14. Educational Reform, Inequality and the Structure of Higher Education in New Zealand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strathdee, Rob

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews and critically evaluates recent reforms in higher education in New Zealand. It assesses the impact of the reforms on the social status of higher education and their impact on the reproduction of inequality. To help theorise possible forms of social inclusion and exclusion that might result from the reforms, the paper draws upon…

  15. Key Factors Associated with the Effective Implementation and Impact of California's Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, David D.

    This study focused on the implementation of "top-down" California state-initiated reform in secondary schools and the impact of that process on several outcomes: student academic achievement and the capacity of the organization to carry out ongoing reform. The research was part of a broader study of secondary school reform and how the reforms led…

  16. Reforms of Educational Efficiency and Quality in Developing Countries: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddell, Abby Rubin

    1998-01-01

    Distinguishes between the different 'themes' of educational reform in developing countries over the past 30 years: (1) planning/management and efficiency reforms; (2) quality reforms; and (3) curricular reforms. Discusses planning/management and efficiency reforms and quality reforms in detail. Provides references. (CMK)

  17. Who's Who in a Growing Education Reform Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Policy Innovators in Education Network, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Education reform advocacy organizations have been working at the state-level for more than twenty-five years, but the last decade has seen a significant increase in their number and in the intensity of their focus and methods. It's no coincidence that as reform organizations proliferate the movement accelerates: the mission of such organizations…

  18. The Possibility of Reform: Micropolitics in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haag, Susan; Smith, Mary Lee

    2002-01-01

    Examined the restructuring of an institution of higher education's teacher preparation program and assessed the possibility for systemic reform from a perspective based on micropolitics. Results from various sources, including 23 interviews, show fundamental differences in the images of the program and reform efforts among five constituencies,…

  19. Benchmarking Exponential Growth of Educational Reform: The Sustainability Index

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Ray

    2009-01-01

    After decades of reform efforts in public school systems in the United States, there is minimal student achievement progress to measure. This article addresses the ongoing challenges and complexities of the sustainability of educational reform through a review of the literature and the proposal of a Sustainability Index as a metric to benchmark…

  20. Improving Finance for Qatari Education Reform. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guarino, Cassandra M.; Galama, Titus; Constant, Louay; Gonzalez, Gabriella; Tanner, Jeffery C.; Goldman, Charles A.

    2009-01-01

    Qatar's education reform, which included implementation of a new finance system, appears to be providing schools with adequate funding but is still struggling with issues of transparency and swift policy shifts that have been difficult to accommodate. [For full report, "Developing a School Finance System for K-12 Reform in Qatar", see ED504832.

  1. Facing the Challenges of Educational Reform in the Arab World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karami Akkary, Rima

    2014-01-01

    This paper pinpoints and discusses key aspects of the current approaches to school reform in the Arab world against the backdrop of what is accepted as the best practice in the international literature on effective school reform and educational change. The main goal of the paper is to highlight deeply ingrained assumptions and practices that are…

  2. Turning Lightning into Electricity: Organizing Parents for Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Andrew P.

    2014-01-01

    Families are the primary clients of public schools, but they are one of many constituencies who have a say in how schools actually operate. In all the technocratic fervor around "education reform"--the broad effort to implement standards and accountability, reform teacher tenure and evaluation, and increase parental choice--it is easy to…

  3. Contesting Reform: Bernstein's Pedagogic Device and Madrasah Education in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Charlene

    2010-01-01

    This paper highlights the active role played by various pedagogic agents in contesting the state educational reforms for madrasahs in Singapore. Drawing upon Basil Bernstein's pedagogic device, the paper identifies tensions and challenges that arise from the attempts by the state to implement curriculum reforms. The paper contends that the stakes…

  4. Education Reform and the Limits of Policy: Lessons from Michigan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Addonizio, Michael F.; Kearney, C. Philip

    2012-01-01

    During the last 20 years, the United States has experienced more attempts at education reform than at any other time in its history. Efforts to reform financing, the assessment of student performance, accountability and equity, and school choice have all been implemented--with varying levels of success. Michael F. Addonizio and C. Philip Kearney…

  5. Traditions of Reform in U.S. Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeichner, Kenneth M.; Liston, Daniel P.

    1990-01-01

    Describes four traditions of reform in twentieth-century U.S. teacher education: academic, social efficiency, developmentalist, and social reconstructionist. Each tradition is illustrated with examples from contemporary and earlier programs. It is argued that this framework of reform traditions can help clarify differences among ideas and…

  6. Changing Our Schools: Implementing Successful Educational Reform. Lessons in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Council on Learning, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Large-scale educational reform--systemic approaches to changing the way schools operate--helps to meet students' learning needs more effectively. These approaches focus on reorganizing entire school systems, rather than implementing individual school-improvement initiatives. Such reforms require a significant investment of resources and--if…

  7. Curriculum Reform in Higher Education: A Contested Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shay, Suellen

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on the theoretical and analytical tools from the sociology of education, in particular the work of Basil Bernstein and Karl Maton, the paper explores the tensions within curriculum reform discourses and how these tensions play out in different global contexts. The analysis focuses on two curriculum reform policies--Hong Kong and South…

  8. Australian Curriculum Reform II: Health and Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one…

  9. Historically Black Colleges and Universities in Teacher Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dilworth, Mary E.

    2012-01-01

    As for all teacher education programs, historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have been subject to a host of policy mandates for reform over the past three decades. As a group their approach to these changes has differed from those of majority institutions and their voice in the policy reform dialogue has been muted or absent. This…

  10. Educational Reform or National Survival: Take Your Pick.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiter, Carl

    In response to the Holmes and Carnegie reports that call for educational reforms in the teaching profession, this paper argues that the financial support for these future reforms will be diverted to fund the research to combat the emerging national crises that ultimately will threaten national security. Describing the emerging crises in this paper…

  11. The Politics of Privatisation, Decentralisation and Education Reform in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ornelas, Carlos

    2004-01-01

    Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling…

  12. Beyond the "Decorated Landscapes" of Educational Reform: Toward Landscapes of Pluralism in Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Michael P.; Bentley, Michael L.

    2007-01-01

    Perhaps, we are at the fork in the road when it is imperative that we consider whether the pursuit of pluralism in science education is a worthwhile endeavor in light of recent educational reforms that seem to decorate the true aim of education. The "decorated landscapes" of educational reform concentrate on economic growth and do little to…

  13. Current Developments in School Education in Turkey: Education "Reforms" and Teacher Trade Union Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buyruk, Halil

    2015-01-01

    Education "reforms"' have been accelerated in the last decade in Turkey. Teachers, as the main actors of the education system, have developed a variety of responses to the reforms implemented in the field of education, both individually and collectively. They give directions to the change process in education by means of their trade…

  14. Structural Dynamics of Education Reforms and Quality of Primary Education in Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyenje, Aida

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines Uganda's recent undertaking to reform her Primary School education System with a focus on the effect of structural dynamics of education reforms and the quality of primary education. Structural dynamics in the context of this study is in reference to the organizational composition of the education system at the government,…

  15. Education's New Paint Job: Reforms at a Glance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walton, Susan

    1984-01-01

    Teachers must be aware of how the movement for educational reform will change the structure of their jobs. Major areas of concern are teacher certification, salaries, merit pay, standards, curricula, and length of school day. (DF)

  16. A Review of Higher Education Reform in Modern Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyon, Paul

    2001-01-01

    Looks at the present higher education reform movement in Japan and its history extending back approximately 30 years. Offers some suggestions as to what more can be done to alleviate many problems still inherent in the system. (EV)

  17. The History of Secondary Education in History of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCulloch, Gary

    2012-01-01

    "History of Education" has published a steady stream of papers on the history of secondary education over the first 40 years of its existence. This corpus of research has been generated in the context of renewed interest in the history of secondary education that has been stimulated by developments in social and historical inquiry as well as by…

  18. Higher Education & School Reform. Jossey-Bass Education Series. Jossey-Bass Higher Education and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Timpane, P. Michael, Ed.; White, Lori S., Ed.

    This book provides a comprehensive review of the critical relationship between higher education institutions and K-12 schools, including an examination of higher education's role in implementing systemic school reform. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction: Higher Education and School Reform--A Missing Voice" (P. Michael Timpane and Lori S. White);…

  19. On Quality Education Reform in International Trade Major

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Jing; Xiao, Jing

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the existing problems of quality education of specialization of international trade in current colleges and universities of China, and then propose several pieces of corresponding suggestion on educational reform. According to the characteristics of college and university education, we shall emphasize on the…

  20. Teacher Perceptions of Bologna Reforms in Armenian Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karakhanyan, Susanna; Van Veen, Klaas; Bergen, Theo

    2012-01-01

    The perceptions of the implementation of the Bologna reforms in Armenian higher education were examined in a questionnaire study with 279 university teachers, revealing how eight leading higher education institutions have adapted to the political directive to create alignment with the Bologna principles. The literature on educational change is…

  1. Inclusion or Selection? The 14+ Education and Training Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitchener, David

    2008-01-01

    This article provides a chronologically presented overview of policy reforms designed to enhance skill levels via education and training for school-age learners attending post-compulsory education institutions. It is argued that the catalyst for the creation of vocational diplomas is economic rather than educationally based, arising from the…

  2. Reforming Education: The Emerging Systemic Approach. Fourteenth Annual Yearbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Stephen L.; Berne, Robert

    This book, the 14th yearbook of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA), provides a review and appraisal of the "educational perestroika" that has occurred over the past decade, both in the United States and in other developed countries. Rather than assessing the outcomes of a decade of educational reform, it examines the present and…

  3. Jordan Reforms Public Education to Compete in a Global Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Paul W.

    2009-01-01

    The King of Jordan's vision for education is resulting in innovative projects for the country. King Abdullah II wants Jordan to develop its human resources through public education to equip the workforce with skills for the future. From King Abdullah II's vision, the Education Reform for a Knowledge Economy (ERfKE) project implemented by the…

  4. Corporate Education Reform and the Rise of State Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, P. L.

    2013-01-01

    The election of Barack Obama appeared to signal a shift in U.S. policy toward the Left, particularly since Obama has been framed as a "socialist," but the education discourse and policy pursued under Obama and voiced by Secretary of Education Arne Duncan has shown that education reform remains in the midst of a powerful corporate model. This essay…

  5. Higher Education Reform in Taiwan and Its Implications on Equality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    I-ru, Chen Dorothy

    2012-01-01

    As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and…

  6. Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New, William

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

  7. Television and Educational Reform in the Ivory Coast.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaye, Tony

    1978-01-01

    To achieve a basic and common level of primary education, the Ivory Coast has developed a program of teaching pupils via television and related materials. Out-of-school education for adults, curriculum innovations, and continuous inservice training for teachers are additional elements of the educational reform. (JMD)

  8. Educational Administration: Reform PDQ or RIP. A UCEA Occasional Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Daniel E.

    This lecture addresses the conditions of educational administration as a profession, drawing on the speaker's experience in evaluating 37 colleges of education. The thesis is that a radical reform movement in the profession of educational administration is essential to the survival of the profession. Accordingly, the present condition of…

  9. The Reform Movement and the Quiet Crisis in Gifted Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renzulli, Joseph S.; Reis, Sally M.

    1991-01-01

    Gifted education faces a quiet crisis as reform movements focus on cosmetic administrative changes in school organization and management rather than interaction among teachers, students, and the material to be learned. Two goals of American education are presented: providing the best possible education to promising students and improving the…

  10. Negotiating for Change: Women's Movements and Education Reform in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Shu-Ching

    2011-01-01

    The dramatic changes during the past 20 years in Taiwan offer a good example of how gender policy in education is facilitated by a combination of interrelated economic, political and social forces. Taiwan's policy on gender education emerged from the interaction of state, education, academic and non-academic feminist positions in reforms. This…

  11. Policy Reform: Testing Times for Teacher Education in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Tanya; Knipe, Sally

    2016-01-01

    In Australia as well as elsewhere, initial teacher education has become centre stage to a political agenda that calls for global competitiveness in the knowledge economy. The common problem cited has been declining educational standards linked with the quality of teaching and teacher education. The avalanche of review and policy reform has exposed…

  12. Foundation for the Future: OECS Education Reform Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, St. Lucia.

    This document, developed by the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) working group in 1991, presents recommendations for educational reform for OECS region. The plan was derived through analysis of the educational systems of the sub-region, interaction with chief education officers of OECS countries, national and subregional…

  13. Reform of Higher Education in Russia: Habitus Conflict

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babintsev, Valentin P.; Sapryka, Viktor ?.; Serkina, Yana I.; Ushamirskaya, Galina F.

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses changes that actually occur in the Russian Higher Education in the process of reform. The thesis that the functioning of the educational system increasingly detects formal rationality, not focused on the senses, and their imitation. It is noted that the Russian system of higher education refers to a specific type, which can…

  14. Special Education Funding Reform: A Review of Impact Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigafoos, Jeff; Moore, Dennis; Brown, Don; Green, Vanessa A.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Lancioni, Giulio E.

    2010-01-01

    Various models for funding special education services have been described in the literature. This paper aims at moving the debate concerning special education funding reform beyond the descriptive level by reviewing studies that investigated the impact of various models for funding special education. Systematic searches were conducted of ERIC and…

  15. Adult Jewish Education and Participation among Reform Jewish Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mareschal, Teresa L.

    2012-01-01

    The history of adult Jewish education is rich and is replete with learning opportunities for Jewish adults, and Jewish women are active participants in adult Jewish education. In this chapter, the author examines Reform Jewish women's motivations to participate in adult Jewish education. First, she provides a historical overview of Judaism and…

  16. What Governors Need To Know about Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higginbotham, Marla, Ed.

    This book offers 24 perspectives from educators, students, advocates, journalists, policymakers, and citizens on education reform and the importance of improving America's schools and school systems. Articles include the following: (1) "What Only a Governor Can Do" (Lamar Alexander); (2) "Governors and the National Education Goals" (Carroll A.…

  17. Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nussbaum, Martha C.

    This book addresses the need for higher education to create a community of critical thinkers. It suggests that contemporary curricular reform is already producing citizens of the world as it advocates diversity and multicultural education. The central argument is a defense of the "new education," and is rooted in the ideal of the citizen who…

  18. Education and the community in the Peruvian educational reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malpica, Carlos

    1980-09-01

    The reform of Peruvian education initiated in 1972 was based on new concepts, postulated new policies and proposed to convert the old school system into a new educational system in accordance with the revolutionary process begun in 1968. The principles of permanent education, education in the community and the educating community inspired an ambitious educational model on a national scale, to organise community education nuclei (NECs) of a local dimension, in which a dynamic social education of a participatory and self-managerial character could be created. This process of nuclearisation, which has historical antecedents going back to the social, economic and political organisation of the Incan Empire, and was revived in the twentieth century by the creation of the famous Warisata School in Bolivia, has now undergone nine years of valuable experience in Peru, attempting to develop an efficient alternative to the old school model which originated before the Christian era. The community/education dialectic has suffered a profound change in Peru in the last ten years and the experience, whether of obstacles and limitations, appears to be valuable and irreversible. The non-statist, non-bureaucratic, non-party and non-private solution that was pursued by the Peruvian Revolution in the field of education is very attractive and could interest other countries of the region which, during the last 30 years have applied the nuclearisation model, as well as other countries in Latin America or other regions who have recently either initiated or considered it. This article presents the experience, relates it to its historical antecedents, gives some information on evaluation studies in progress and traces some perspectives or projections for educational nuclearisation.

  19. Reformed undergraduate instruction and its subsequent impact on secondary school teaching practice and student achievement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adamson, Scott L.; Banks, Debra; Burtch, Mark; Cox, Frank, III; Judson, Eugene; Turley, Jeffery B.; Benford, Russell; Lawson, Anton E.

    2003-12-01

    The Arizona Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers (ACEPT) Program is one of several reform efforts supported by the National Science Foundation. The primary ACEPT reform mechanism has been month-long summer workshops in which university and community college science and mathematics faculty learn about instructional reforms and then attempt to apply them in their courses. Previous ACEPT evaluation efforts suggest that, when implemented, the reforms boost undergraduate student achievement. The initial purpose of the present study was to discover whether enrollment of preservice teachers in one or more of these reformed undergraduate courses is linked to the way they teach after they graduate and become in-service teachers. Assuming that a link is found, a second purpose was to discover whether the presumed positive effect is in turn linked to their students' achievement. In short, the answer appears to be yes, at least among the biology teachers and students surveyed. Compared with controls, the biology teachers who had enrolled in one or more ACEPT reformed course during their teacher preparation program demonstrated significantly higher scores on the measure of reformed instruction and their students demonstrated significantly higher achievement in terms of scientific reasoning, nature of science, and biology concepts. These results support the hypothesis that teachers teach as they have been taught. Furthermore, it appears that instructional reform in teacher preparation programs including both methods and major's courses can improve secondary school student achievement.

  20. After Access: Canadian Education and Copyright Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geist, Michael

    2006-01-01

    With the dramatic growth of the Internet in the 1990s, the Canadian government developed a well-regarded strategy for addressing the emerging issues posed by the "information highway." The strategy featured legal reforms to address privacy and e-commerce, administrative reforms for the government online initiative, and connectivity programs such…

  1. Cyril Norwood and the Ideal of Secondary Education. Secondary Education in a Changing World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCulloch, Gary

    2007-01-01

    Tracing the life of Sir Cyril Norwood, one of England's most prominent and influential educators, this book investigates the historical development of secondary education in England and Wales during the early twentieth century. During this time, an enduring ideal of secondary education associated with Sir Cyril Norwood became dominant. This was…

  2. Reforming Science Education: Part II. Utilizing Kieran Egan's Educational Metatheory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schulz, Roland M.

    2009-04-01

    This paper is the second of two parts and continues the conversation which had called for a shift in the conceptual focus of science education towards philosophy of education, with the requirement to develop a discipline-specific “philosophy” of science education. In Part I, conflicting conceptions of science literacy were identified with disparate “visions” tied to competing research programs as well as school-based curricular paradigms. The impasse in the goals of science education and thereto, the contending views of science literacy, were themselves associated with three underlying fundamental aims of education (knowledge-itself; personal development; socialization) which, it was argued, usually undercut the potential of each other. During periods of “crisis-talk” and throughout science educational history these three aims have repeatedly attempted to assert themselves. The inability of science education research to affect long-term change in classrooms was correlated not only to the failure to reach a consensus on the aims (due to competing programs and to the educational ideologies of their social groups), but especially to the failure of developing true educational theories (largely neglected since Hirst). Such theories, especially metatheories, could serve to reinforce science education’s growing sense of academic autonomy and independence from socio-economic demands. In Part II, I offer as a suggestion Egan’s cultural-linguistic theory as a metatheory to help resolve the impasse. I hope to make reformers familiar with his important ideas in general, and more specifically, to show how they can complement HPS rationales and reinforce the work of those researchers who have emphasized the value of narrative in learning science.

  3. Exploring Motivational Factors for Educational Reform: Do International Comparisons Dictate Educational Policy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stachelek, AJ

    2010-01-01

    In mathematics education, utilizing international comparisons to support implementation of educational reforms has become increasingly common. With the advent of "Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study" (TIMSS), educational reform seems to have transitioned to a reactionary process rather than a calculated adaptation of…

  4. Effects of Welfare Reform on Education Acquisition of Adult Women

    PubMed Central

    Dave, Dhaval M.; Corman, Hope; Reichman, Nancy E.

    2013-01-01

    Education beyond traditional ages for schooling is an important source of human capital acquisition among adult women. Welfare reform, which began in the early 1990s and culminated in the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996, promoted work rather than education acquisition for this group. Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, we undertake a comprehensive study of the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s education acquisition. We first estimate effects of welfare reform on high school drop-out of teenage girls, both to improve upon past research on this issue and to explore compositional changes that may be relevant for our primary analyses of the effects of welfare reform on education acquisition among adult women. We find that welfare reform significantly reduced the probability that teens from disadvantaged families dropped out of high school, by about 15%. We then estimate the effects of welfare reform on adult women’s school enrollment and conduct numerous specification checks, investigate compositional selection and policy endogeneity, explore lagged effects, stratify by TANF work incentives and education policies, consider alternative comparison groups, and explore the mediating role of work. We find robust and convincing evidence that welfare reform significantly decreased the probability of college enrollment among adult women at risk of welfare receipt, by at least 20%. It also appears to have decreased the probability of high school enrollment among this group, on the same order of magnitude. Future research is needed to determine the extent to which this behavioral change translates to future economic outcomes. PMID:23504449

  5. "Back to the Future" in a Ukrainian Manner: Examining the Impact of the Contradictory 2001 and 2010 Education Reforms on Ukrainian Schools and Science Subjects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fomichova, Kseniya; Kazama, Futaba; Misonou, Taku

    2014-01-01

    This study analyses and evaluates the impact of two recent (2001 and 2010) education reforms on Ukrainian secondary schools, and, in particular, on science subjects (physics, chemistry, biology and Earth science), in terms of the structural, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the reformed disciplines. It also examines societal…

  6. Understanding the Significance of Context: A Framework to Examine Equity and Reform in Secondary Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rousseau, Celia K.; Powell, Angiline

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to outline a framework that can be used to examine issues of equity and mathematics reform. Adapted from an opportunity-to-learn framework proposed by Tate (2004), this model includes factors related to time, quality, and design. This framework is applied to the cases of two secondary mathematics teachers to…

  7. Swedish Educational Reforms--Women's Life Stories--What Can They Tell about a Rational Reform Era?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elgqvist-Saltzman, Inga

    The IOR project (Idea and reality underlying educational reforms of higher education) used women's life stories as case studies to help understand the reforms of higher education during an expansive, "rational" planning period. The project gathered data from 300 women who returned questionnaires. A central topic in the IOR-questionnaires was the…

  8. Educational Reform in Japan and Its Influence on Teachers' Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hooghart, Anne M.

    2006-01-01

    The 2002 restructuring of the national curriculum in all Japanese public elementary and secondary schools includes a reduction and reallocation of instructional hours, and the addition of a new "integrated studies" course, with an emphasis on more individualized, cross-curricular thematic projects. This reform comes at a time when a stagnant…

  9. LPN-BSN: education for a reformed health care system.

    PubMed

    Redmond, G M

    1997-03-01

    Nursing practice has experienced a paradigm shift in health care delivery from hospitals to community-based models of health care. Nursing education must respond to accommodate the shift through curriculum reform. This article discusses a LPN-BSN program to promote educational mobility for LPNs while educating them for a reformed health care system. The needs assessment and curriculum implementation are discussed. Student comments and experiences are included throughout. Student academic support and recruiting which addresses the special needs of the LPN-BSN student are also described. The evaluation of the project thus far indicates student success. PMID:9067870

  10. Compulsory schooling reforms, education and mortality in twentieth century Europe.

    PubMed

    Gathmann, Christina; Jürges, Hendrik; Reinhold, Steffen

    2015-02-01

    Education yields substantial non-monetary benefits, but the size of these gains is still debated. Previous studies report causal effects of education and compulsory schooling on mortality ranging anywhere from zero to large and negative. Using data from 18 compulsory schooling reforms implemented in Europe during the twentieth century, we quantify the average mortality gain and explore its dispersion across gender, time and countries. We find that more education yields small mortality reductions in the short- and long-run for men. In contrast, women seem to experience no mortality reductions from compulsory schooling reforms. PMID:24560098

  11. Compulsory schooling reforms, education and mortality in twentieth century Europe.

    PubMed

    Gathmann, Christina; Jürges, Hendrik; Reinhold, Steffen

    2015-02-01

    Education yields substantial non-monetary benefits, but the size of these gains is still debated. Previous studies report causal effects of education and compulsory schooling on mortality ranging anywhere from zero to large and negative. Using data from 18 compulsory schooling reforms implemented in Europe during the twentieth century, we quantify the average mortality gain and explore its dispersion across gender, time and countries. We find that more education yields small mortality reductions in the short- and long-run for men. In contrast, women seem to experience no mortality reductions from compulsory schooling reforms.

  12. A Profession in Transition: Educational Policy and Secondary School Teaching in England in the 1980s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poppleton, Pam; Riseborough, George

    1990-01-01

    Reports survey findings on job satisfaction and other work attitudes among 686 secondary teachers in northern England. Compares results to those from four other countries. Provides background on the British teacher's changing role in light of radical educational reforms and teacher labor disputes in the 1980s. Contains 27 references. (SV)

  13. Career Maturity: A Priority for Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Manuel Alvarez

    2008-01-01

    This study reviews the current state of career maturity in secondary education--a period of education which is critical for development of this construct, when students are faced with ongoing academic and occupational decisions over the course of their studies. This paper is organized in three parts: first we focus on the concept, models,…

  14. Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

  15. Post-Secondary Expectations and Educational Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sciarra, Daniel T.; Ambrosino, Katherine E.

    2011-01-01

    This study utilized student, teacher, and parent expectations during high school to analyze their predictive effect on post-secondary education status two years after scheduled graduation. The sample included 5,353 students, parents and teachers who participated in the Educational Longitudinal Study (ELS; 2002-2006). The researchers analyzed data…

  16. Secondary Vocational Education and the National Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magisos, Joel H.; And Others

    This collection comprises five papers that were prepared in response to the recent series of national reports criticizing American secondary education. In "A General Overview," Joel H. Magisos uses previous analyses and syntheses of the recommendations contained in the group of national studies to draw implications for vocational education.…

  17. Ideas for Secondary School Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barry, Patricia E., Ed.

    This book contains descriptions of secondary school physical education programs. The programs described fall into the following categories: (1) career/leadership programs, (2) contract/individualized instruction programs, (3) elective physical education programs, (4) motivational programs, (5) outdoor/environmental programs, (6)…

  18. Science Achievement of Secondary Agricultural Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Sara Vicky

    2012-01-01

    The purposes of this quantitative descriptive and correlational study were to describe the science achievements of secondary agricultural education students and determine if the number of agricultural education courses passed, FFA involvement, and SAE participation would statistically significantly improve students' performance on science…

  19. Health Education for Special Children: Secondary TMR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brundage, Elvira; And Others

    Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for trainable mentally handicapped children at the secondary level. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education…

  20. Informatics Education in Italian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellettini, Carlo; Lonati, Violetta; Malchiodi, Dario; Monga, Mattia; Morpurgo, Anna; Torelli, Mauro; Zecca, Luisa

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the state of informatics education in the Italian secondary schools, highlighting how the learning objectives set up by the Ministry of Education are difficult to meet, due to the fact that the subject is often taught by teachers not holding an informatics degree, the lack of suitable teaching material and the expectations…

  1. Gender Disparities in Secondary Education in Bangladesh

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huq, Molla; Rahman, Pk Md. Motiur

    2008-01-01

    Enrolment and success rates are very crucial for any educational system in the world but they are more important for the developing countries like Bangladesh. Gender differences in enrolment and success rates are also emerging issues. This study investigated the enrolment and success rate's status in secondary educational system of Bangladesh…

  2. Preparing Future Secondary Computer Science Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ajwa, Iyad

    2007-01-01

    Although nearly every college offers a major in computer science, many computer science teachers at the secondary level have received little formal training. This paper presents details of a project that could make a significant contribution to national efforts to improve computer science education by combining teacher education and professional…

  3. Education Reform When Nations Undergo Radical Political and Social Transformation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Belle, Thomas J.; Ward, Christopher R.

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes the relationship between radical social transformation and educational reform in Algeria, China, Cuba, Ethiopia, Iran, Mozambique, and Nicaragua. Examines seven policy areas before and after transformation: centralized control, access to education, tracking, curriculum, personnel, language of instruction, and literacy. (28 references) (SV)

  4. New Public Management in Educational Reform in Norway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solhaug, Trond

    2011-01-01

    The article focuses on the similarities and differences in using new public management (NPM) administrative arrangements in educational policy as they have been presented in the educational reform process carried out this millennium by two governments in Norway: the Centre-Conservative government and the current Red-Green coalition government.…

  5. How We Might Achieve the Radical Reform of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M.

    1993-01-01

    Special education faces three tasks created by pressures toward change: (1) keeping the issue of physical place in perspective, (2) choosing idea over image, and (3) avoiding fanaticism. Achievement of substantive reform calls for disaggregating special education populations, elaborating conceptual foundations, and strengthening the empirical…

  6. Reforming the Higher Education System in Iraq: Internationalization via Decentralization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Janabi, Sufyan T. Faraj; Anderson, David

    2011-01-01

    In countries where higher education has largely been a state function, conservative bureaucracies are viewed as impediments to necessary development and change. Virtually everywhere, voices are raised to demand necessary reforms yet, in spite of these apparently common challenges, it remains true that policy-related education issues are framed by…

  7. Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Jay

    2007-01-01

    This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called "eco-progressivism." The intersections between ecology and education can…

  8. Built for Teachers: How the "Blueprint for Reform" Empowers Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Secretary of Education, Anne Duncan, has met with thousands of teachers and heard their fears and concerns. Teachers are asking: Are these reforms the Next Big Thing, here today but gone tomorrow? Will they focus on testing in a way that further narrows the curriculum and denies students the great education that we seek to bring? Could we lose our…

  9. Knuckling Under? School Superintendents and Accountability-Based Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feuerstein, Abe

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this article is to explore the various ways that superintendents have responded to accountability-based educational reform efforts such as No Child Left Behind, the factors that have influenced their responses, and the implications of these responses for current and future educational leaders. With respect to the first issue, empirical…

  10. Healthy Competition and Unsound Comparison: Reforming Educational Competition in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Søren

    2015-01-01

    It is frequently claimed that the "competition state" responds to external competition by making competition increasingly central to its internal processes as well. This article discusses education reform in Singapore as departing from the opposite position. In Singapore "excessive" competition in education is now targeted by…

  11. South African Curriculum Reform: Education for Active Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Juliana; Arendse, Agnetha

    2016-01-01

    The changing societal context in South Africa (SA) has necessitated curriculum reform to deal with the challenges of education, from apartheid to democracy, with the aim of promoting active citizenship education. The aim of the paper is thus to illuminate to what extent the Grade 11 Life Orientation (LO) curriculum prepares learners for active…

  12. Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levitt, Roberta

    2008-01-01

    Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers,…

  13. New Directions in Education? A Critique of Contemporary Policy Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skourdoumbis, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    This paper draws on facets of Foucault's theoretical resources to critique current education policy reform from within the Australian State of Victoria, namely the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development's (DEECD) discussion paper "New directions for school leadership and the teaching profession." Implicit in the reform…

  14. Influence of Social Reform Ideologies on Industrial/Technology Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ireh, Maduakolam

    2016-01-01

    The founding of industrial/technology education in Ameria represents the convergence of many influences dating back to the pre-industrial revolution era. Social reform movement, one of these influences, set out to change conditions considered to be causes of poverty and other social problems through active engagements in political, educational,…

  15. Higher Education Reforms and Unintended Consequences: A Research Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krücken, Georg

    2014-01-01

    Higher education in Europe has undergone remarkable transformations over the last two decades. Germany is a very interesting case in point here. While the country was labeled as a laggard in the process, over the last decade the pace of higher education reforms in Germany has grown considerably. This paper will focus on the by now visible effects…

  16. Teacher Education in Bhutan: Highlights and Challenges for Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanBalkom, W. Duffie; Sherman, Ann

    2010-01-01

    Bhutan is embarking on a comprehensive education reform process, with teachers and teacher education at the centre of a number of initiatives. This study describes the current state of affairs based on interviews with key informants and semi-structured focus groups in Bhutan. Several major themes emerged, including issues of quality of students…

  17. China's Educational Reform during the Cultural Revolution: A Postmodern Critique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wan, Guofang

    This paper analyzes the educational reforms and drastic curriculum changes occurring in China during the Cultural Revolution (1966-76) in light of postmodern theory. The document examines personal educational experiences in China during that time in light of critical pedagogy and postmodern theories of curriculum development. The paper asserts…

  18. School Districts: The Missing Link in Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannaway, Jane

    This paper examines systematic ways in which school districts differ and the implications of these differences for how schools work and for the implementation of reform proposals. Data from the California State Department of Education and Florida State Department of Education were analyzed to examine the effect of organizational and resource…

  19. Not Lost in Translation: Reforming Higher Education in Russia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gounko, Tatiana; Smale, William

    2006-01-01

    This article focuses on the latest developments in higher educational policy in the Russian Federation and the influence of international organizations such as the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on these policies and education reforms. This article's primary purpose is to explore how the newly…

  20. Reforming Higher Education Systems: Some Lessons to Guide Policy Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisemon, Thomas Owen; Holm-Nielsen, Lauritz

    1995-01-01

    Experiences of different countries in establishing mechanisms to coordinate development of higher education systems, diversify institutional financing, and increase efficiency of public investments are examined. Attention is drawn to the need for effective policy structures to manage higher education, link reform costs to benefits, acknowledge…

  1. Reforming Teaching Globally. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatto, Maria Teresa, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This book seeks to raise the discussion of globalisation's effects on teacher education, development and work, and its reforms and institutions, to a more theoretical and analytical level, and to provide specific examples in the comparative tradition to illustrate teacher policy in the context of education systems' widespread variability and…

  2. The Consortium for Higher Education Tax Reform Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Postsecondary and Economic Success, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This White Paper presents the work of the Consortium for Higher Education Tax Reform, a partnership funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation as part of the second phase of its Reimagining Aid Design and Delivery (RADD) initiative. Consortium partners are the Center for Postsecondary and Economic Success at CLASP, the Education Trust, New…

  3. The Keys to Effective Schools: Educational Reform as Continuous Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawley, Willis D., Ed.

    Educational researchers and policy analysts concur increasingly that the organizational design and culture of schools can either enhance or hinder the effectiveness of school reform efforts. This book offers a series of essays that may help parents, educators, and policymakers understand and solve school organizational problems that get in the way…

  4. Educational Reform with Television: The El Salvador Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayo, John K.; And Others

    A detailed report describes the planning, development, operation, results, and problems of an experiment in instructional television in El Salvador. Unlike other developing countries, El Salvador conceived of educational television as an integral component of national educational reform, embracing curriculum revision, teacher training, and new…

  5. Tax Reform and Individual Giving to Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Auten, Gerald E.; Rudney, Gabriel G.

    1986-01-01

    Higher education benefits from several United States tax law provisions, including deductibility of charitable contributions. Recent tax reform proposals could increase would-be donors' net cost by reducing tax incentives. This paper links lower tax rates to a significant future reduction in educational philanthropy. (18 references) (MLH)

  6. Spotlight of a Century of Educational Reform in England.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Thomas B.

    During the past 100 years, there has been an evolution in publicly funded education in England. This report provides a historical perspective for recent reforms and spotlights three related areas. The first section describes the early 19th-century Newcastle Commission's efforts to design a system of sound and cheap elementary education for…

  7. Cultural Flashpoint: The Politics of Teacher Education Reform in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conway, Paul F.

    2013-01-01

    The publication of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 (Cosgrove et al., 2010; Perkins et al., 2010) reading literacy results heralded a crisis of confidence in educational standards in Ireland. This article examines the national and international context of teacher education reform and the politics of the policy…

  8. The State Data Analysis Gap: A Threat to Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheeky, Art

    2011-01-01

    Ever since the 2001 passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), states have faced a federal mandate to improve their ability to collect and analyze education data for the purpose of tracking and reporting the progress of their education reform efforts. With the assistance of federal funds, virtually all of the states are developing…

  9. The Reform of Higher Education: A College Instructor's Opinion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shpak, L. L.

    2006-01-01

    This article deals with a college instructor's opinion in the reform of higher education in Russia. The author discusses failures in the functioning of the system of higher education. First, the system fell into an "institutional trap," as characterized by Russian Academy of Sciences Academician V.M. Polterovich. Another was the new rules of…

  10. Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sattler, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

  11. Reform of Technical-Vocational Education in Indonesia and Malaysia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, David N.

    1991-01-01

    Examines the growth and reform of technical-vocational education and training in two South-East Asian Ministers of Education Organisation (SEAMEO) member nations: Indonesia and Malaysia. Traces similarities and differences between the two systems, which will be extended to other SEAMEO member states by the new SEAMEO Regional Centre for Vocational…

  12. The Challenges of Social Studies Educators for Effective Teacher Preparation and Implementation of the Universal Basic Education Programme in Nigerian Junior Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meziobi, D. I.; Oyeoku, E. K.; Ezegbe, B. N.

    2012-01-01

    The UBE (universal basic education) is one of the laudable reforms in education in Nigeria, which is implemented through social studies instruction. This study investigated social studies teachers' capability for effective implementation of the UBE in junior secondary schools in Orlu education zone of Imo State of Nigeria. The study is a survey…

  13. Comprehensive School Reform and Achievement: A Meta-Analysis. Educator's Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (NJ3), 2008

    2008-01-01

    Which comprehensive school reform programs have been proven to help elementary and secondary students achieve? To find out, this review summarizes evidence on comprehensive school reform (CSR) models in elementary and secondary schools. Comprehensive school reform models are programs used schoolwide to improve student achievement. They typically…

  14. Management of Educational Reforms in Sri Lanka. Experiments and Innovations in Education No. 25. An International Bureau of Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ariyadasa, K. D.

    This is one of six studies that describe the different aspects of education in Sri Lanka and how they were affected by the major educational reforms of 1972. This particular booklet discusses educational management and how it has changed in response to the 1972 reforms. Individual chapters focus in turn on the historical background of education in…

  15. General Education Reform as Organizational Change: The Importance of Integrating Cultural and Structural Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Awbrey, Susan M.

    2005-01-01

    General education reform is one of the most difficult challenges facing higher education institutions because general education is embedded in organizational culture. This paper examines the reform of general education as a process of organizational change and illustrates how deeper, more sustainable reform may be achieved by integrating cultural…

  16. Understanding Educational Reform in Global Context: Economy, Ideology, and the State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsburg, Mark B., Ed.

    This book presents a set of national case studies on educational reform of higher education that views reform as processes of ideological and social struggles. The titles and authors are as follows: "Educational Reform: Social Struggles, the State and the World Economic System" (Mark B. Ginsburg, et al.); "Restructuring Education and the State in…

  17. Career and Technical Education Reforms and Comprehensive School Reforms in High Schools: Their Impact on Education Outcomes for At-Risk Youth. The Highlight Zone: Research @ Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castellano, Marisa; Stringfield, Samuel; Stone, James R., III

    The impact of career and technical education (CTE) reforms and comprehensive school reforms in high schools on education outcomes for at-risk youth was examined in a review of research on current reforms. The review identified a series of individual, family and home, school, and community factors that can place students at risk of failing to…

  18. Implementing a reform-oriented pedagogy: challenges for novice secondary mathematics teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lewis, Gary M.

    2014-06-01

    Novice secondary mathematics teachers attempting teaching consonant with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (1991, 2007) Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics experience many stresses related to their attempts at student-centered instruction; prominent among those were novices' challenges when orchestrating whole-class mathematical discussions with students taking a central, substantive role. During such discussions, students offer conjectures, ideas, and solutions and use mathematical argumentation and verification processes. Such teaching can create uncertainty and stress as teachers occupy a revised teaching role. They avoid evaluating student ideas during class; instead, they ask questions to move students' thinking forward, pose problems that deepen students' mathematical understanding, and choose between competing directions the discussion may take. Ultimately, teachers decide whether to continue pursuing such teaching goals or revert back to more familiar, teacher-centered methods. Supportive networks showed promise at helping novices navigate their first few years of teaching; organized networks helped novices meet their teaching goals while limiting the impact of their challenges on their well-being and teaching goals. The results of this study may inform teacher educators, administrators, and colleagues on how to support novices in pursuing teaching better aligned with novices' teaching ideals and reformer's visions.

  19. Secondary Education in India: Development Policies, Programmes and Challenges. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 63

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biswal, K.

    2011-01-01

    The paper aims to provide an overview of secondary education in India with focus on the development trajectory currently pursued in the sub-sector. The paper reviews current status, development policies, approaches and reform programmes. While discussing the tremendous progress made in enhancing secondary schooling opportunities in India during…

  20. The Impact of a Unified Curriculum and Qualifications System: The Higher Still Reform of Post-16 Education in Scotland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raffe, David; Howieson, Cathy; Tinklin, Teresa

    2007-01-01

    There is a cross-national trend towards unified curriculum and qualifications frameworks in upper secondary education, but such reforms face epistemological, political and institutional barriers and "unification" remains a contested issue in many countries, including England. This article examines the experience of the Scottish Higher Still…

  1. The National In-Service Courses for Science Teachers and Their Effect on Educational Reform in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Alejandra; Flores, Fernando; Gallegos, Leticia

    2005-01-01

    The educational system in Mexico has undergone important changes in recent decades. One of the most important took place in 1993, when the compulsory character of secondary school (ages 12-15) was established. National In-service Courses (NICs) were established as a way to bring curricular changes proposed in the reform near to the teachers. The…

  2. The Change in Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions of Critical Thinking after 15 Years of Educational Reform in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Innabi, Hanan; El Sheikh, Omar

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates how mathematics secondary schools' teachers in Jordan perceive critical thinking and compares teachers' perceptions before and after educational reform. Data were collected from 12 schools twice: in 1988 and in 2004 by interviewing 47 Mathematics teachers. The interview included questions related to teachers' understanding…

  3. The Early Childhood and Elementary Education Continuum: Constructing an Understanding of P-3 as State-Level Policy Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauerz, Kristie Anne

    2009-01-01

    State-level policy attention to young children's early learning opportunities burgeons; a sense of urgency exists to identify reform agendas that are both effective and sustainable. "P-3" often is used as the term for the first level of a seamless P-20 system that stretches from early childhood through post-secondary education. While it is…

  4. Why Can't Ohio Equitably Fund Public Education? Education Reform Stifling Equitable Education Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Carlee Escue

    2015-01-01

    Ohio has a long history of school funding inequity. This manuscript provides a brief history of Ohio education funding, the equity and adequacy concerns. Education reform efforts have been expanding while the appropriate management of the funding mechanism has been underfunded or entirely ignored. The researcher examines the negative impact of…

  5. Becoming Good American Schools: The Struggle for Civic Virtue in Education Reform. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakes, Jeannie; Quartz, Karen Hunter; Ryan, Steve; Lipton, Martin

    Education reform based on technical and rational processes often short-circuits reform because it is uncontentious, abstract, and provides educators with no legitimate ways to question the marketplace values and policies that drive much contemporary school reform. The perspective referred to as "betterment" is an alternative reform that stresses…

  6. Politics, Modernisation and Educational Reform in Russia: From Past to Present. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, David, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    The chapters in this volume give an account of the process of modernisation and educational reform in Russia, variously considering the cultural and political dilemmas provoked by democratisation, the structural and policy challenges associated with the reform of higher and vocational education, and the deep divisions exposed as socio-cultural…

  7. The Evolution of Educational Reform in Thailand: The Thai Educational Paradox

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Gerald W.; Bi, Hui

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze critically the evolution of educational reform in Thailand. Three major phases are identified. The special focus of the paper is an assessment of the third reform which began with the passage of the Office of the National Education Commission (ONEC) (2002). Design/methodology/approach: The…

  8. High School Diversification against Educational Equality: A Critical Analysis of Neoliberal Education Reform in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Jeongran

    2011-01-01

    Recent reforms of high school education in Korea have focused on transforming the uniform and standardized system into a deregulated and diversified system that has an emphasis on school choice and competition. Situating the high school diversification policy in the context of the recent controversy of the neoliberal educational reform, this study…

  9. Physical Education Teachers and Their Attitudes toward Change: Implementation of the New Horizon Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zach, Sima; Inglis, Varda

    2013-01-01

    The New Horizon ("Ofek Hadash" in Hebrew) educational reform agreement was signed between the Israeli government and the Teachers' Union in 2008. The purposes of the educational reform document were (a) to improve students' achievements, (b) to provide fair recompense to teachers, and (c) to strengthen teachers' status in…

  10. Tobephobia Experienced by Teachers in Secondary Schools: An Exploratory Study Focusing on Curriculum Reform in the Nelson Mandela Metropole

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, P.

    2011-01-01

    Because of its history from apartheid to democracy, the aspiration to reform schools is a recurrent theme in South African education. Efforts to reform education in schools based on the outcomes-based education (OBE) curriculum approach created major challenges for policy makers in South Africa. The purpose of this exploratory research was…

  11. Wisconsin's Elementary-Secondary School Finance Reform Legislation: Assembly Substitute Amendment 1 to 1973 Assembly Bill 300.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchmiller, Archie A.

    This paper traces the development of school finance reform pressures in Wisconsin from pressure in 1967 for property tax reform to 1973 legislative reform proposals. The 1973 proposal is designed to provide further equalization of educational opportunity to all Wisconsin students and to guarantee adequate financial resources to provide these…

  12. Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

    2012-01-01

    The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

  13. Science education reforms in the UK.

    PubMed

    2012-10-01

    As children return to school at the end of the summer in the UK, planned reforms aim to increase their science and maths literacy. A comprehensive foundation in these essential subjects is necessary to ensure that the UK remains at the forefront of science and technology for decades to come.

  14. Transcendentalism and the Promise of Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pemberton, Janette E.

    The philosophy of Transcendentalism developed in the early nineteenth century among such thinkers as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, and Caleb Sprague Henry. Transcendentalism emphasized the need for social reform that would lead the individual to self-reliance, and education…

  15. The Socialist Market Economy and Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yixian, Li

    2006-01-01

    The [Chinese Communist] Party's Fourteenth Congress unequivocally confirmed the building of a socialist market system. The Third Plenary Session of the Party's Twelfth Congress in 1984 propounding the market led to economic reforms and the advancing of the theory of a socialist market economy. It constitutes a deepened understanding of the…

  16. The Coalition's Higher Education Reforms in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    The Coalition Government of Conservatives and Liberal Democrats in office from 2010 until 2015 sharply increased the maximum tuition fees for UK and EU undergraduates at English universities to £9,000. Although this is often portrayed as a radical change, it is argued that the reform was an evolution rather than a revolution. Common pessimistic…

  17. Charter Schools: Education Reform or Business?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2011-01-01

    As charter schools multiply, public school teachers and administrators need to understand the policy landscape in which charters are skimming money from their traditional local public schools, making scarce resources even scarcer. In this essay, the author discusses a related phenomenon that is part of some school reform plans--the reconstitution…

  18. Places of change: special education's power and identity in an era of educational reform.

    PubMed

    Kauffman, J M

    1994-12-01

    Special education is in danger of disintegration due to (a) justified criticisms of implementational failures, and (b) unjustified criticisms from reformers and detractors, mostly having to do with its conceptualization and the separate placement of some students with disabilities. Needed reforms in special education include (a) constructing defensible rival philosophies, (b) improving the preparation and support of special education teachers, and (c) putting educational methods on a sound scientific footing.

  19. HEALTH EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PAGE, RAY

    A DIVIDED CURRICULUM OF LESSON PLANS FOR GRADES 7, 8, 9, THEN GRADES 10, 11, 12 WAS DESIGNED. BOTH GROUPS COVER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, BODY CARE AND GROOMING, DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION, NUTRITION, MENTAL HEALTH, FAMILY LIFE, FIRST AID AND SAFETY, CONSUMER HEALTH, COMMUNITY HEALTH, AND COMMUNICABLE AND NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES. SCHOOL HEALTH…

  20. The Small State, Markets and Tertiary Education Reform in a Globalised Knowledge Economy: Decoding Policy Texts in Botswana's Tertiary Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polelo, Mompati Mino

    2009-01-01

    A number of global discourses have gained currency in national education policies. The need to reform education systems is coated in economic terms, the rationale of which is efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Education is assigned the task of producing a competitive workforce in the global market. In these reforms, education is…

  1. Reform-based science teaching: A mixed-methods approach to explaining variation in secondary science teacher practice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jetty, Lauren E.

    The purpose of this two-phase, sequential explanatory mixed-methods study was to understand and explain the variation seen in secondary science teachers' enactment of reform-based instructional practices. Utilizing teacher socialization theory, this mixed-methods analysis was conducted to determine the relative influence of secondary science teachers' characteristics, backgrounds and experiences across their teacher development to explain the range of teaching practices exhibited by graduates from three reform-oriented teacher preparation programs. Data for this study were obtained from the Investigating the Meaningfulness of Preservice Programs Across the Continuum of Teaching (IMPPACT) Project, a multi-university, longitudinal study funded by NSF. In the first quantitative phase of the study, data for the sample (N=120) were collected from three surveys from the IMPPACT Project database. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to examine the separate as well as the combined influence of factors such as teachers' personal and professional background characteristics, beliefs about reform-based science teaching, feelings of preparedness to teach science, school context, school culture and climate of professional learning, and influences of the policy environment on the teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. Findings indicate three blocks of variables, professional background, beliefs/efficacy, and local school context added significant contribution to explaining nearly 38% of the variation in secondary science teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices. The five variables that significantly contributed to explaining variation in teachers' use of reform-based instructional practices in the full model were, university of teacher preparation, sense of preparation for teaching science, the quality of professional development, science content focused professional, and the perceived level of professional autonomy. Using the results

  2. Chinese Vocational Education: Borrowing and Reforming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Lei; Jiang, Dayuan

    2013-01-01

    In July 2010 in Beijing, Lei Wang interviewed Professor Dayuan Jiang, Research Fellow at the Ministry of Education's Central Institute for Vocational and Technical Education about how China has drawn from foreign vocational education models and China's own innovation process. Jiang pointed out that Germany's educational philosophy…

  3. A Century of Educational Reform in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis-Friedmann, Deborah

    1986-01-01

    Reviews three books on education in China: "Educational and Social Change in China: The Beginnings of the Modern Era" (Borthwick, 1983), "Education and Popular Literacy in Ch'ing China" (Rawski, 1979), and "Education under Mao: Class and Competition in Canton Schools, 1960-1980" (Unger, 1982). (JDH)

  4. Reforming Lives? Progressivism, Leadership, and Educational Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Jane; Goodman, Joyce

    2001-01-01

    Discusses principles and educational change practices that led to educational progressivism in the second half of the twentieth century. Highlights elements of change and action expounded by educators who presented papers at the 2000 History of Education Society Conference (Birmingham, Alabama). (MER)

  5. The Public Understanding of Assessment in Educational Reform in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookhart, Susan M.

    2013-01-01

    The United States education system depends on legislation and funding at the federal, state and local levels. Public understanding of assessment therefore is important to educational reform in the USA. Educational reformers often invoke assessment information as a reason for reform, typically by citing unacceptable achievement on some measure or…

  6. State Laws Regarding Education Reform, Assessment, and Accountability in Washington State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergeson, Terry; Kanikeberg, Ken; Butts, Robert

    This document combines in one place the provisions of Washington State law that provide the legal framework for "education reform." Due to the nature in which Washington State laws are "codified" in statute and to the comprehensiveness of education reform, the laws regarding education reform are scattered throughout the Revised Code of Washington.…

  7. Basic Education Curriculum Reform in Rural China: Achievements, Problems, and Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jiayi; Zhao, Zhichun

    2011-01-01

    The latest wave of basic education curriculum reform, carried out over the past ten years, has achieved significant results and promoted the development of rural education. There are still some problems in the reform of basic education in rural areas, however, such as a serious shortage of funds for rural school curriculum reform, the continuing…

  8. New Directions for Technological and Vocational Education Reform in Taiwan, Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Robert T. Y.

    Changes caused by technology, economy, society, and education have necessitated reform of technological and vocational education (TVE) in Taiwan. Recommended reforms are as follows: relaxing educational regulations, accepting every student into higher education, streamlining channels to higher education, raising educational quality, and creating a…

  9. Secondary Education in Poland. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piwowarski, Rafal

    This publication contains a brief description of secondary education in Poland. The first section provides an overview of the societal and political context in which the educational system exists. The second section discusses current educational issues, including policy formation, finance, the school role in the community, administration and…

  10. Computing Activities in Secondary Education. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bukoski, William J.; Korotkin, Arthur L.

    As a followup to a 1969 study, called Project CASE, a survey was initiated to determine to what extent computers are used in secondary public schools, and to discern to what extent computers affect the quality of education. Some 5,580 randomly selected schools were questioned about their use of computers; commercial computer manufacturers were…

  11. The Magazine Medium in Secondary School Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prince, Melvin; Haas, Diane

    To investigate the role and future prospects of magazine use in secondary education, a questionnaire was given to junior and senior high school teachers. Some 1,200 of the teachers in 20 out of 44 designated metropolitan areas answered questions about their classroom use of magazines as well as other media. About 70% of all the respondents used…

  12. Symposium: Language Assessment in Standards-Based Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menken, Kate; Hudson, Thom; Leung, Constant

    2014-01-01

    This symposium article, to which three authors contribute distinct parts, presents the rationale for standards-based language assessment and examines both the uses and misuses of language assessments in English-speaking countries that are engaged in standards-based education reform. Specifically, they focus on the assessment of emergent bilinguals…

  13. Reformation of the Macedonian Teacher Education Programme, 1999-2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarkson, Jean

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: This paper considers the theme of reform and change during the restructuring of the Macedonian Teacher Education programme at the University of Skopje, undertaken by a Tempus Phare project during 1999-2001. Background: The project was commissioned by the European Union following a report by Bethall (1997), a consultant on Teacher…

  14. The Common Core "State" Standards: The Arts and Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wexler, Alice

    2014-01-01

    In this commentary, Alice Wexler notes that as the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) become reality, teachers have reason for concern. She contends that this reform to public education has consequently marginalized the arts and exacerbated the inequities of people in poverty and those with disabilities. Teachers, principals and, ultimately,…

  15. Multiple Intelligences, Educational Reform, and a Successful Career

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Wu-Tien

    2004-01-01

    This article addresses the meaning and application of multiple intelligences theory in Taiwan in the light of educational reform. Specifically, a 4-year joint research project (1999-2003) titled The Development of Multiple Talents (DMT), sponsored by the National Science Council, R.O.C. (Taiwan), will be introduced. A 3-dimensional construct is…

  16. Funding Impediments to Education Reform in West Virginia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meckley, Richard

    1986-01-01

    Prospects for financing educational reform in West Virginia are grim. Added to the state's high unemployment rate are the following problems: declining sales, income, and property tax revenues and erosion of federal support due to Gramm-Rudman-Hollings. Residents have set other priorities for public funding. Includes five references. (MLH)

  17. Production Functions Revisited in the Context of Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacPhail-Wilcox, Bettye; King, Richard A.

    1986-01-01

    Educational reform depends more on clearly defined missions and operational efficiency than on improved teacher quality. This article defines adequacy, equality, equity, and efficiency; examines numerous production function studies of teacher characteristics and policy and administrative structures; and summarizes seven policy implications.…

  18. Vocational Education and Training Reform in the Czech Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) in the Czech Republic consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on the Czech Republic. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET,…

  19. Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galway, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

  20. The Impact of Ecological Factors on Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Michael

    This study investigated the ecological factors that affect structural school reform implementation in Israel. The sample used was the whole student population that appeared in the 1972 census. By raising educational achievement levels, restructuring the learning sequence, and rezoning ethnically and economically segregated areas to promote…

  1. Education Reform in Bolivia: Transitions towards Which Future?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arrueta, Jose Antonio; Avery, Helen

    2012-01-01

    This article concerns the impact of educational reforms on young people in Bolivian society as they transition into adulthood, against the backdrop of globalisation and far-reaching structural changes. Ethnicity and cultural capital are linked in complex ways with social stratification in Bolivia. In a pluricultural society, the language of…

  2. Teacher Agency in Educational Reform: Lessons from Social Networks Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Datnow, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a context for understanding how social networks among teachers support or constrain school improvement in terms of instructional practice, professional development, and educational reform. It comments on the articles in this special issue, summarizing their contributions to the field. This analysis reveals several important…

  3. Place Matters: Mathematics Education Reform in Urban Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rousseau Anderson, Celia

    2014-01-01

    While mathematics education research has often focused at the level of the classroom (Rousseau Anderson & Tate, 2008), there are emerging calls for attention to shift from individual classrooms to consider the process of reform at the school or district level. Investigating the role of the institution and conditions of the organization becomes…

  4. Twenty Years in the Vineyards of Higher Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balch, Stephen H.

    2007-01-01

    In pausing to reflect on twenty years service tending the fragile vineyards of higher education reform as president and one of the founders of the National Association of Scholars, Stephen H. Balch stops to toast his hardy fellow vintners. Dr. Balch raises a weary but wiser glass to those who across the years and in many states have braved harsh…

  5. What Education Reformers Should Do about Collective Bargaining

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenthal, Daniel M.

    2014-01-01

    Restrictions on collective bargaining are spreading. But while reformers are right to question current labor practices in education, they're wrong to believe that bargaining prohibitions will solve the problems. A smarter approach would begin by putting down the sledgehammer wielded in Wisconsin and picking up a scalpel by pushing for laws…

  6. Ten Years of Silver Bullets: Dissenting Thoughts on Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Wade A.

    2000-01-01

    Countless good ideas, research, and reforms (silver bullets) have yielded only modest improvement, suggesting problems of research (dogma, design, duration, and domain) and problems of distribution--expanded teacher responsibility. This article recommends revamping teacher education, remediating or firing incompetent teachers, and reducing class…

  7. Reform in Teacher Education through the CLAD/BCLAD Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barreto, Ramona Maile

    1997-01-01

    Analyzes obstacles facing multicultural/bilingual teacher education reform in the context of California's Crosscultural Language and Academic Development (CLAD) or Bilingual Crosscultural Language and Academic Development (BCLAD) programs, which try to translate theoretical frameworks concerned with cultural difference into credentialing policy.…

  8. Educational Reforms Can Reproduce Societal Inequities: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheurich, James Joseph; Imber, Michael

    1991-01-01

    Reports a case study illustrating how one school district's reform efforts replicate the unequal distribution of knowledge, power, and resources by race and class that occurs in society. Discusses three dominant patterns in education organizational change theory (functionalism, culturalism, and critical theory) and suggests more equitable paths to…

  9. No We Won't! Teachers' Resistance to Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkovich, Izhak

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Teachers' resistance to educational reform has been explored, with special attention given to the reasons driving opposition and the resistance practices employed inside school walls. These studies have not, however, examined the agenda setting strategy employed by teachers opposing new policy on the national level, nor has any extensive…

  10. School Leadership and Three Waves of Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Yin Cheong

    2003-01-01

    This paper aims to report how school leadership is challenged by the three waves of education reform and development in Hong Kong. Since the 1970s, school leaders in the first wave were mainly concerned with achievement of the planned goals through improvement of teaching and learning. In the 1990s, school leaders of the second wave often focused…

  11. Continuing Challenges and Potential for Collaborative Approaches to Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodilly, Susan J.; Karam, Rita; Orr, Nate

    2011-01-01

    The Ford Foundation began the Collaborating for Education Reform Initiative (CERI) in 1997-1998 by issuing grants and providing grantees with funds, guidance, and technical assistance to develop collaboratives and carry out activities to improve teaching and learning. CERI's collaborative activities were directed at three possible community…

  12. Rethinking the World Bank Agenda for Chinese Higher Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Jinyuan

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the way in which the World Bank has worked effectively with China in higher education. It investigates whether or not the cooperation between the two has changed in line with their changing relationship. More specifically, it discusses whether the World Bank's China agenda reflects the reform package of…

  13. The "Third Sector" and Education Reform: Some Metaphors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Bob

    1990-01-01

    Because their resources are inadequate, philanthropic foundations cannot bring about educational reform by themselves. Foundations are best when serving as midwives, parking garages, conversations pits, burning glasses (to focus thought), levers, and lighthouse tenders. The American people are responsible for acting voluntarily to support public…

  14. Bourdieu, Department Chairs and the Reform of Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melville, Wayne; Hardy, Ian; Bartley, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    Using the insights of the French sociologist, Pierre Bourdieu, this article considers the role of the science department chair in the reform of school science education. Using Bourdieu's "thinking tools" of "field", "habitus" and "capital", we case study the work of two teachers who both actively pursue the teaching and learning of science as…

  15. Educational Reform and the Transformation of Southern Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mungazi, Dickson A.; Walker, L. Kay

    The purpose of this study is to furnish evidence supporting the conclusion that the thrust for the transformation of southern Africa, that region of Africa south of the equator, cannot be initiated without responding to the need for fundamental educational reform. In this study, transformation is defined as basic change in the structure of…

  16. Productive Learning: Science, Art, and Einstein's Relativity in Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glazek, Stanislaw D.; Sarason, Seymour B.

    2006-01-01

    Why do people, college-bound or even in college, stay away in droves from courses in science, especially physics? Why do people know so little about the significance of Einstein's contributions which require dramatic changes in how we understand ourselves, our world, and the entire universe? Why have educational reforms failed? In this book, two…

  17. Academic Management and Administration System Reform in Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xianming, Xiang

    2006-01-01

    Reforms in colleges and universities should promote the humanistic character of higher education--rather than simply serve for pure economic production--but also observe the sacred mission of transmitting and creating culture and knowledge, with these two possessing momentous differences. These then demand rationality in academic management to…

  18. Multilateral Agencies and Higher Education Reform in Latin America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez-Gomez, Roberto; Alcantara, Armando

    2001-01-01

    Using recent policy proposals, including joint efforts, by four multilateral agencies--two international in scope (UNESCO, World Bank) and two regional (Economic Commission for Latin America, Interamerican Development Bank)--discusses agencies' position on higher education reform in Latin America. Examines each agency's focus and identifies…

  19. Education and Empire: Democratic Reform in the Arab World?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herrera, Linda

    2008-01-01

    Democracy and related concepts--human rights, active learning, civic participation, gender empowerment, and global citizenship--have become the international policy mantras of the post-Cold War era, or what many have labeled a neoimperial order. These bedrock principles of global educational reforms are supposed to contribute to processes of…

  20. EFL and Educational Reform: Content-Based Instruction in Argentina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snow, Marguerite Ann; Cortes, Viviana; Pron, Alejandra V.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses initial experiences with content-based instruction in Argentina. The new approach was precipitated in part by educational reform. Suggests that the dramatic shift from a grammar-based approach to a communicative approach, and the use of language as a tool for instruction may become overwhelming for most teachers. (Author/VWL)

  1. National Assessment and the Opportunity to Learn in Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Conrad Wesley, Jr.; Mereku, Kofi D.; Amedahe, Francis K.; Etsey, Kofui; Adu, John

    2013-01-01

    Over two decades, national assessments in Ghana have revealed generally poor performances across curriculum-based tests for primary school (Grades 1-6). Various reform agendas have been applied to the education system, sometimes with isolated success, but the overall performances remained stable and low. Surveying teacher mentors in schools…

  2. Cooperative Test Construction: The Last Temptation of Educational Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharifi Ashtiani, Nahid; Babaii, Esmat

    2007-01-01

    For decades traditional methods of testing have been criticized for saying relatively little reliably about students' ability as well as causing anxiety, which can negatively affect students' recall of learned information. The reform movement with its innovative approaches focusing on learner-centered education perceives assessment as an…

  3. Reforms, Leadership and Quality Management in Greek Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papadimitriou, Antigoni

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed…

  4. U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

  5. Emergent Evaluation and Educational Reforms in Latin America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinic, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this chapter is to characterize educational reforms in Latin America over the last 25 years, and the way they reflect the role, method, and use of evaluation processes. The main theoretical and methodological tensions that are created by the development of evaluations will be reviewed, concluding with the identification of some of the…

  6. A Union of Professionals: Labor Relations and Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerchner, Charles Taylor; Koppich, Julia E.

    This book examines the changing role of teacher unions in the educational reform movement. It contains nine case studies of unions across the United States that are forging new, collaborative relationships with management in a reconceptualization of "professional unionism." Chapters include: (1) "Building the Airplane While It's Rolling Down the…

  7. The Culture of Education Policy Making: Curriculum Reform in Shanghai

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the culture of education policy making in Shanghai using the conceptual tool of a "global assemblage". A global assemblage is essentially a collection of ideas and practices that arise from the interplay between a global form and situated sociocultural elements. Focusing on the global form of curriculum reform, this paper…

  8. Educational Reforms in Morocco: Evolution and Current Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Llorent-Bedmar, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    Since 1956, the year in Morocco achieved independence, until now, the school system has been the subject of many discussions and controversies in the most varied areas of the country. We provide data on the educational situation. We analyze the reforms from a critical perspective, ending with final proposals. He underlined that the sector was…

  9. Music Education Curriculum and Social Change: A Study of Popular Music in Secondary Schools in Beijing, China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Wai-Chung

    2014-01-01

    In Chinese society over the last two decades, modernisation and globalisation, together with the transition to a market economy, have created new imperatives and challenges for the school music curriculum. As a result, the 2011 reform of the Curriculum Standards for Primary Education and Junior Secondary Education marks the first time that the…

  10. Curriculum reform in baccalaureate nursing education: review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Forbes, Maryann O; Hickey, Mary T

    2009-01-01

    The debate surrounding the need for reform in nursing education has been heard for well over a decade. Recently, deficiencies in the quality of patient care, as well as patient safety issues, have led to calls for change in health professions education by nursing organizations and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The rationale and scope of any proposed curricular revision or changes in teaching practices must be firmly grounded in a comprehensive review of the literature and based on current research findings. This article synthesizes the recent literature related to curriculum reform and innovation in nursing education. Four themes were identified in the literature: incorporating safety and quality in nursing education, re-designing conceptual frameworks, strategies to address content laden curricula, and teaching using alternative pedagogies. Synthesis of the recent literature in the field will assist faculty who are beginning the curriculum evaluation and revision process in their own schools.

  11. Bourdieu, Department Chairs and the Reform of Science Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melville, Wayne; Hardy, Ian; Bartley, Anthony

    2011-11-01

    Using the insights of the French sociologist, Pierre Bourdieu, this article considers the role of the science department chair in the reform of school science education. Using Bourdieu's 'thinking tools' of 'field', 'habitus' and 'capital', we case study the work of two teachers who both actively pursue the teaching and learning of science as inquiry. One teacher, Dan, has been a department chair since 2000, and has actively encouraged his department to embrace science as inquiry. The other teacher, Leslie, worked for one year in Dan's department before being transferred to another school where science teaching continues to be more traditional. Our work suggests that there are three crucial considerations for chairs seeking to lead the reform of science teaching within their department. The first of these is the development of a reform-minded habitus, as this appears to be foundational to the capital that can be expended in the leadership of reform. The second is an understanding of how to wield power and position in the promotion of reform. The third is the capacity to operate simultaneously and strategically within, and across, two fields; the departmental field and the larger science education field. This involves downplaying administrative logics, and foregrounding more inquiry-focused logics as a vehicle to challenge traditional science-teaching dispositions-the latter being typically dominated by concerns about curriculum 'coverage'.

  12. Synthesis of Findings from 15?years of Educational Reform in Thailand: Lessons on Leading Educational Change in East Asia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallinger, Philip; Bryant, Darren A.

    2013-01-01

    The past two decades have been a period of active education reform throughout much of the world, and East Asia is no exception. This paper synthesizes findings from a series of empirical studies of educational reform in Thailand where an ambitious educational reform law was adopted in 1999. The purpose is to identify lessons learned about…

  13. John Dewey--Philosopher and Educational Reformer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talebi, Kandan

    2015-01-01

    John Dewey was an American philosopher and educator, founder of the philosophical movement known as pragmatism, a pioneer in functional psychology, and a leader of the progressive movement in education in the United States.

  14. Parental education and child health: evidence from a schooling reform.

    PubMed

    Lindeboom, Maarten; Llena-Nozal, Ana; van der Klaauw, Bas

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of parental education on child health outcomes. To identify the causal effect we explore exogenous variation in parental education induced by a schooling reform in 1947, which raised the minimum school leaving age in the UK. Findings based on data from the National Child Development Study suggest that increasing the school leaving age by 1 year had little effect on the health of their offspring. Schooling did however improve economic opportunities by reducing financial difficulties among households.

  15. Should Reformers Support Education Savings Accounts?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ladner, Matthew; Smith, Nelson

    2016-01-01

    In this article, "Education Next" talks with Matthew Ladner and Nelson Smith on the topic of Education Savings Accounts (ESAs). ESAs apply the logic of school choice to the ever-expanding realm of education offerings. Rather than simply empowering families to select the school of their choice, ESAs provide families with most or all of…

  16. Papers on Educational Reform, Volume IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

    The following nine papers were presented to the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board Meeting, 1974. In "National Assessment of Educational Progress" J. Stanley Ahmann provides an overview of assessment aims, construction, and results. Jacques Barzun discusses the history of educational theory in "The Use of Tradition in Educational Disputes". In…

  17. Reforming Teacher Education for Online Pedagogy Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheg, Abigail G.

    2014-01-01

    Online education is a long-term goal at most higher-education institutions in the United States, but very few faculty members have sufficient training or knowledge of online pedagogy. As a result, students are not receiving the highest quality education, and institutions are struggling with student retention and the improvement of their distance…

  18. Higher Education Reform in Brazil: Reinforcing Marketization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Siqueira, Angela C.

    2009-01-01

    Higher education in Brazil began based on institutions organized as isolated establishments, and mostly privately owned. Nonetheless, public institutions created as universities and developing research activities and other services became the desired ideal for higher education. The first educational institutions in Brazil were created in the…

  19. Papers on Education Reform, Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

    The following ten papers were presented to the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board in 1971. "Where Educational Nonsense Comes From" by Jacques Barzun focuses on education as the removal of ignorance. "The Importance of Teaching Poetry" by Cleanth Brooks discusses the powers of poetry in the instruction of yound children. In "Educating the…

  20. Stories of Reform in Science Education: Commentary on Opp(reg)ressive Policies and Tempered Radicals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tytler, Russell

    2010-01-01

    This response to the two papers (by Rodriguez and Carlone et al.) on science education reform acknowledges first the coherence of the arguments presented around four reform narratives; that of the process of becoming science-enthusiastic, the nature of beliefs of science reform teachers, the barriers to reform, and the institutional expressions of…

  1. Sociocultural Origins of Turkish Educational Reforms and Ideological Origins of Late Ottoman Intellectuals (1908-1930)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunduz, Mustafa

    2009-01-01

    The modern Turkish state and society have been greatly influenced by reforms of the education system. Second Constitutional Period reforms can be viewed as the preparatory stage of Republican reforms and a time when many of the later reforms were planned and given limited application. In this way both periods contributed to the foundation of…

  2. Finding Meaningful Roles for Scientists in science Education Reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evans, Brenda

    Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.

  3. Problems of reforming educational systems in post-communist countries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pastuović, Nikola

    1993-09-01

    The main problems of educational reform in post-communist countries are identified, by use of an interactive model of education and developmental dimensions of society. The relation of implicit and explicit educational goals and characteristics of a society is reviewed, and a typology of the relations between political and economic state regulation on the one side, and the structure of educational goals on the other is suggested. It is established that the so-called"socialist pedagogy" decreases the transparency of educational goals and obstructs a systematic analysis of education. The role of education in the transition policy of post-communist countries in discussed, with a special emphasis on economic and political reforms, and ideological changes. It is concluded that the Europeanization of education in Eastern European countries will be impeded because of the stalemate in the transformation of ownership and political modernization, as well as ideological conservatism. The educational effects of European cooperation in the economic recovery of the East are to be expected in the areas of standardization and unification of education, while the effects in the internalization of modern values and attitudes are expected to be much less prominent.

  4. The Education Reform Movement and Its Critics: Implications for Arts Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddell, Janice Bergmann

    1988-01-01

    Suggests the 1980s education reform movement created a climate that was benefited for arts education. Argues that the arts education community should use commitment to excellence as a means to achieve comprehensive and sequential curriculum. Criticizes the notion that education should build skepticism of, rather than appreciation for, excellence.…

  5. National Issues in Education: Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, John F., Ed.

    The articles in this book examine the prominent elements of the Improving America's Schools Act, including the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). They describe how the large federal aid-to-education programs were brought into accord with the new agreement contained in Goals 2000. The book begins with a preface by…

  6. A Complete Education: Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    To help achieve President Obama's stated goal of ensuring that all students will be able to contribute as citizens in the U.S. democracy and to thrive in a global economy, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA").…

  7. [Secondary Career Education Activities: Health and Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford City Schools, VA.

    The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

  8. Selected Science Educational Outcomes as a Function of South Dakota Educational Reform Policies 1995-2004

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsu, T.; Tien, K. C.

    2005-05-01

    This research investigates selected South Dakota science educational outcomes as a function of selected educational reform policies. In the state of South Dakota, echoing divergent reform initiatives from "A Nation at Risk" to "No Child Left Behind," new guidelines and requirements have been instituted. Yet, very little effort has been made to assess the progress of these educational changes. In this study, selected educational outcomes-SAT8/9/10 scores-as a function of selected South Dakota educational reform policies were examined. School districts, ranked in the top and bottom five percent of socioeconomic status (SES) in the state, were selected for analysis. Comparison on student's science educational outcomes was also be made between the two major ethnic populations-Caucasians and Native Americans. All research questions were stated in the null form for hypothesis for statistical testing. Critical t was the statistic technique used to test the hypotheses. The findings revealed that the selected reform policies in South Dakota appeared to assist students from the higher socioeconomic backgrounds to perform better than pupils from the lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The academic performance for the ethnic and social class minorities remained unchanged within the study timeline for reform. Examined from the prism of Michael Apple's critical theory, the selected South Dakota reform policies have paid little attention to the issues of social equality. Continuing and collective efforts to promote equitable reform policies for enhancing the learning experience of all children in South Dakota seem necessary.

  9. The Recent Reform of Teacher Education in Japan: Politics, Education, and Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takakura, Sho

    1993-01-01

    Three issues related to Japan's recent passage of an amendment designed to reform two teacher education regulations are discussed: (1) circumstances surrounding implementation of the amendment; (2) essential points of the amendment; and (3) some controversial issues that emerged from consideration of the amendment in the national legislature. (IAH)

  10. Modernising Education: New Public Management Reform in the Norwegian Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Møller, Jorunn; Skedsmo, Guri

    2013-01-01

    Since the end of the 1980s, the Norwegian education system has gone through major reform, influenced largely by new managerialist ideas. Strategies to renew the public sector were promoted as the new public management (NPM). This paper investigates the way ideas connected to NPM reforms have been introduced and interpreted in the Norwegian…

  11. Educational Leaders' Reports of Priorities and Activities in Selected Areas of Teacher Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guyton, Edith; Antonelli, George

    1987-01-01

    A survey was made of members of the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education regarding curriculum and program structure changes in response to major reform reports. The 441 respondents rated the priority placed on and the extent to which 17 reform activities were being conducted at their institutions. (Author/MT)

  12. Instructors' Perceptions of the Bologna Model of Higher Education Reform in Cameroon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mngo, Zachary Y.

    2011-01-01

    Problem Statement. The literature on education in Cameroon suggests that there is a deep-rooted history of resistance to educational reform and harmonization both at the K12 and higher education levels. Attempts by political and educational leaders to reform and harmonize the two very distinct systems of education, inherited from former colonizers…

  13. The Reception of the Educational Decentralization and Curricular Reform among the Hungarian Teachers from Romania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Péter, Lilla

    2008-01-01

    Choosing of the theme was determined by the Central-Eastern European educational reforms, the role of the educators in the process of changing in the educational system and the enlargement of the social demands towards the schools. The aim of our the research is on the connection between the educational reforms and the educators. Partly, it is due…

  14. The "Hollywoodization" of Education Reform in "Won't Back Down"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goering, Christian Z.; Witte, Shelbie; Jennings Davis, Jennifer; Ward, Peggy; Flammang, Brandon; Gerhardson, Ashley

    2015-01-01

    What happens when forces attempting to privatize education create and produce a Hollywood film with an education reform plot line? This essay explores "Won't Back Down" through cultural studies and progressive education lenses in an effort to unveil misrepresentations of education and education reform. Drawing on scholarship in these…

  15. Getting "beyond the barriers" in reforming osteopathic medical education.

    PubMed

    Gimpel, John R

    2007-07-01

    As the healthcare needs of the United States change, some leaders at colleges of osteopathic medicine and osteopathic graduate medical education programs have embraced one very important and timeless goal: to prepare future physicians to meet society's health needs. These medical educators have made significant strides toward moving "beyond the barriers" to effect curricular reform and quality improvement at their institutions. Some of the barriers to osteopathic medical education reform are addressed in this article, which recommends allowing curricular evolution and faculty development; expanding clinical learning and teaching; breaking down departmental walls; integrating osteopathic principles and practice; reevaluating admission requirements of colleges of osteopathic medicine; and eradicating the unspoken and, ironically, often detrimental culture of medicine, which can be contrary to compassionate patient care and healing.

  16. Central Asian republics: a case study for medical education reform.

    PubMed

    Conaboy, Kathleen A; Nugmanova, Zhamilya; Yeguebaeva, Saltanat; Jaeger, Frances; Daugherty, Robert M

    2005-01-01

    Social, political, and economic changes in the former Soviet Union precipitated both the collapse of a once-centralized medical education system in the region and the development of individual models in its place. In the context of rapid globalization and international concerns about health, this development of "nation-based" models for the structure, content, language, and duration of instruction generated concerns about regional accreditation; workforce planning; student qualifications; residency training; continuing education; and infrastructure, such as access to literature, an adequate clinical training base, and links to certification and licensure. The World Health Organization acknowledges that the development of human resources for health is a complex and key element in reforming health systems. In Central Asia, international donor agencies facilitated the development of a regional council of rectors and a partnership consortium of medical academies as reform vehicles. International medical education organizations provide counsel and share their organizations' models, greatly facilitating the reform progress. The groups work to address both the political and regulatory environment and the professional and academic environment that affect the quality of medical schools. The council of rectors is establishing credibility as a regional nongovernmental organization that can advise governments about workforce planning, budgeting, admissions policies, accreditation, and licensure. The group sponsors faculty development workshops, bringing together regional educators around educational and institutional issues of mutual concern. Partnership academies collaborate to develop institutional and individual professional capacity, focusing on standardized evaluation, structure and content of the curriculum, pedagogy, and leadership development.

  17. The rhetoric of science education reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cobern, William W.

    2000-11-01

    Leon Lederman's Project ARISE promotes a "physics first" reorganization of the secondary science curriculum. As a Nobel laureate in physics, his ideas have attracted considerable attention. Issues outside of physics, however, that Lederman does not appear ready to acknowledge will limit the impact Lederman hopes to achieve.

  18. Education Reform in Slovenia and Ukraine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutar, Sonja; Kotenko, Kateryna; Lohvynenko, Tetyana; Moyer, Joan

    2003-01-01

    Assessed the challenges faced by teacher educators from Slovenia and Ukraine as they implemented the Step by Step (SBS) initiative. Gathered information from Master Teacher Trainers about participation in educating preschool and primary children in a SBS program. Garnered important information concerning progress toward a more democratic approach…

  19. Reform of Teacher Education in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shi, Xiaoguang; Englert, Peter A. J.

    2008-01-01

    For more than 20 years the People's Republic of China has engaged in a significant transformation of its economy and social institutions, including its education system. This article provides a general picture of what changes have taken place in Chinese teacher education at a time of rapid transition from central control to devolved and…

  20. Diversity, Equity and Community in Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keith, Novella Z.

    Educational equity demands are progressively being framed in terms of multiculturalism and diversity within the educational process. This change of focus means that strategies aiming to secure rights should make room for others that emphasize the building of relationships, mutual knowledge, and community. For schools in poor, inner-city…

  1. Knee-Jerk Formalism: Reforming American Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossides, Daniel W.

    2004-01-01

    This study argues that significant improvements in education can be made only if there are drastic improvements in the life circumstances of America's lower classes. Improving the life circumstances of the lower classes also means providing their schools with the resources they need. And not least in this new outlook on education is the need to…

  2. The Progress of Education Reform 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

    This fourth annual report by the Education Commission of the States (ECS) examines the status of efforts to improve the public education system. Nine sections provide overviews of major trends in policy and practice: (1) "Standards, Assessment and Accountability" explores the transition over the last decade toward a standards-based system by…

  3. Fueling Educational Reform: The HHMI Professors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barkanic, Stephen

    2002-01-01

    The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) believes that fundamental change is possible in the tradition-bound world of college and university science education and recently announced new grants to empower individual scientist-educators--the HHMI Professors--to develop innovative approaches for changing the way they teach biology to…

  4. Globalization and Educational Reform: The Challenges Ahead

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tierney, William G.

    2004-01-01

    This article addresses three goals that pertain to globalization and its impact on public policy in general and Hispanic higher education in particular. First, the author defines globalization as it relates to education. Then, he considers what globalization suggests with regard to the public good. Finally, four implications are suggested about…

  5. Qualitative Reforms in Indian Tertiary Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rizvi, Afroz Haider

    2016-01-01

    At one end, we are grappling with quantity i.e. enrollment but on the other hand the most serious concern is quality and relevance of higher education imparted to student. In terms of quality, the biggest lacuna in the system of higher education is mismatch between the need of society and what the students are taught in classrooms. Our…

  6. The Newsroom's View of Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrilli, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Cheating is rampant, national test scores are abysmal, school policy is set in Washington, and teacher tenure is on its last legs. That's the image of American education implied by the 250-odd education stories published by leading news organizations last year. In this article, the author takes a closer look. (Contains 1 figure.)

  7. Current Reform in Higher Education in Bahrain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saif, Philip S.

    Higher education in Bahrain and background information on this Arab Gulf country are considered. Bahrain, similar to other Gulf States, depended heavily on expatriates as teachers, most of whom were from Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon. Bahraini students have pursued college studies in other countries. Higher education in the country started as separate…

  8. The Public Mind: Views of Pennsylvania Citizens. Smoking, Education, Tax Reform, Crime Control, Welfare Reform, Health Care Reform. Report No. 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mansfield Univ., PA. Rural Services Inst.

    The sixth annual survey conducted by the Rural Services Institute examined the opinions of Pennsylvania residents on crime control, welfare reform, smoking, and education reform proposals. Sixty percent of respondents believed that the most urgent issue facing Pennsylvania was violent crime and strongly supported measures to reduce the…

  9. Taking Human Capital Investment Seriously: Reflections on Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Trivina

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the 2002 Junior College/Upper Secondary Review in Singapore in the context of the nation-state's commitment to human capital investment. It discusses how these changes have led to a radically altered upper secondary educational landscape through the implementation of the Integrated Programme, the establishment of Specialized…

  10. Spaces of Contest for Religious Education Reform in Comparative Perspectives: Scotland and Malawi as Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matemba, Yonah

    2013-01-01

    Educational reforms, particularly in a contested subject such as Religious Education (RE), have unsettled boundaries principally because actors demand or expect different outcomes of these reforms. In the cases of Scotland and Malawi the present paper examines how different stakeholders have engaged with RE reforms. It thus ascertains whether, if…

  11. China's Basic Education Reform: An Account of an International Collaborative Research and Development Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Janette; Kang, Changyun; Mitchell, Ian; Erickson, Gaalen

    2009-01-01

    The current round of basic education curriculum reform in China is considered by many to be the most radical and wide-reaching. However, very little is known about education reform at the school level. Here we document and discuss some of the challenges and opportunities that the reform programme is providing for teachers and schools. We describe…

  12. Educational Reform in China: Tensions in National Policy and Local Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yujin; Dunne, Mairead

    2009-01-01

    In the post-Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through…

  13. Teacher Education Reform and Subaltern Voices: From Politica to Practica in Bolivia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delany-Barmann, Gloria

    2010-01-01

    In 1994, the National Educational Reform in Bolivia instituted reforms that called for a model of education that held at its center the knowledge and languages of Indigenous people. The types of change called for by the reforms in Bolivia signify major transformations in teacher preparation practices and a concerted emphasis on training in…

  14. Down by the Riverside: A CRT Perspective on Education Reform in Two River Cities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Celia Rousseau; Dixson, Adrienne D.

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the authors utilize core ideas from Critical Race Theory (CRT) to examine the nature of education reform in two river cities. Similar to other cases of education reform in urban districts, the reforms in the two focal cities reflect at least four characteristics in common: (1) a form of portfolio management; (2) the growth of…

  15. Literature Review on Improving Secondary Vocational Education Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Education and Work Program.

    The current demand for educational excellence is an outgrowth of recent national reports criticizing secondary education. This push for academic excellence also affects vocational education outcomes. A growing consensus seems to be emerging that at the secondary level (1) vocational education should be integrated with academic education, (2)…

  16. Renovation and Reform in Dominican Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pimentel, Josefina

    2002-01-01

    Explores the role of higher education in the Dominican Republic and the need to mesh the mission of the university; the specific needs of its social, economic, and cultural environment; and the characteristics of a rapidly changing world. (EV)

  17. The Simplest and Hardest of Education Reforms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Nancy

    1989-01-01

    Emphasizes the call for excellence in education. Discusses the topic from the perspectives of teachers, parents, taxpayers, artists, and students. Concludes that the schools are making positive steps toward a systematic study of the arts and humanities. (GG)

  18. Particle Physics Outreach to Secondary Education

    SciTech Connect

    Bardeen, Marjorie G.; Johansson, K.Erik; Young, M.Jean

    2011-11-21

    This review summarizes exemplary secondary education and outreach programs of the particle physics community. We examine programs from the following areas: research experiences, high-energy physics data for students, informal learning for students, instructional resources, and professional development. We report findings about these programs' impact on students and teachers and provide suggestions for practices that create effective programs from those findings. We also include some methods for assessing programs.

  19. Secondary Education in Albania. Guide to Secondary Education in Europe Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pango, Ylli

    This publication describes general conditions and problems affecting secondary education in Albania. Section 1 highlights the political, socioeconomic, and educational context of the country. Since World War II, Albania has experienced an increase in the number of students that was not matched by qualitative improvement necessary in a democractic…

  20. Reform in a Fragmented System: Higher Education in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Temple, Paul

    2002-01-01

    Analyzes issues of fragmentation and reform in Bosnia-Herzegovina's higher education system, suggesting that a better appreciation of traditional university structures, rather than just Anglo-American central management, is important in achieving effective reform. (EV)

  1. The WELL Strategy. Workforce Education & Lifelong Learning for Education and Economic Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Diego Community Coll. District, CA.

    National concerns linking education and economic development have been stated in "America 2000: An Education Strategy." The America 2000 strategy represents the direction to educational and economic reform in a metaphor of four trains leaving a station on four parallel tracks. However, this misses the point that the tracks are actually related.…

  2. Professional Development for Special Education Reform: Rearticulating the Experiences of Urban Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naraian, Srikala; Oyler, Celia

    2014-01-01

    As urban districts undertake special education reform initiatives to move toward inclusive schooling arrangements, educators are challenged to reflect critically on their practices to support greater participation of all students, including those with disabilities. The authors describe the narratives of three educators who participated in a…

  3. Reform of the Educational Finance System as the Foundation of Compulsory Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suetomi, Kaori; Murray, Nadezhda

    2014-01-01

    The conditions required for a reform of the educational finance system as the foundation of compulsory education are 1) devolution to schools and introduction of national standards in order to deal with "individual equality" while compensating for the insufficiency of "aspectual equality," and 2) dealing with educational needs…

  4. Educational Reform at the State Level: The Politics and Problems of Implementation. Education Policy Perspective Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madsen, Jean

    This book provides insights into how one state department of education perceived its role in the interpretation and implementation of educational reform legislation. It is based on the experiences of a former state department of education employee and her coworker, who were hired to administer three new programs to increase teacher retention--a…

  5. Public and Private in South Korea's Education Reform Vocabulary: An Evolving Statist Culture of Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Ki Su

    2004-01-01

    Statism is a political economy that prevails in many East Asian countries. This paper explores its negative role in South Korea's education reform since the restoration of civilian democracy in 1993. It takes note of South Koreans' aberrant use of the terms "public education" and "private education" and the frame of reference for policy discourses…

  6. Must They Wait Another Generation? Hispanics and Secondary School Reform. ERIC/CUE Diversity Series Number 93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valdivieso, Rafael

    The National Commission on Secondary Schooling for Hispanics (NCSSH) has found that secondary schooling for most Hispanics is not preparing them to assume productive and satisfying adult lives. This paper discusses whether the current or proposed reforms and strategies are meeting, or can meet, the needs and potential of Hispanic youth. It is…

  7. Teacher Participation in School Government: A Central Element in Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epp, Juanita Ross

    The demand for educational reform has reopened several debates concerning fundamental aspects of education. Three of these debates--the goals of education, school governance structures, and the locus of control for reform--are linked to teacher participation. This paper suggests that education's goals could best be addressed by action research…

  8. The Challenge to Change: Reforming Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brand, Myles

    1993-01-01

    Conditions have changed dramatically for higher education in recent years. Each sector faces necessary change. Faculty must better balance demands of research and teaching. Students must take more personal responsibility for learning. Administrators need to lead in development of innovative approaches to teaching/learning and to improved cost…

  9. Driven by History: Mathematics Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Permuth, Steve; Dalzell, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    The advancement of modern societies is fueled by mathematics, and mathematics education provides the foundation upon which future scientists and engineers will build. Society dictates how mathematics will be taught through the development and implementation of mathematics standards. When examining the progression of these standards, it is…

  10. Education and Training under Welfare Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Marie

    1998-01-01

    Some welfare experts and policymakers advocate providing education and training to prepare welfare recipients for jobs that will eventually help them leave poverty (the "work first" approach), whereas others advocate placing welfare recipients in jobs immediately whenever possible. Although the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity…

  11. Reforms in Higher Education Disappoint Eastern Europeans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bollag, Burton

    1999-01-01

    Reviews changes in higher education in Eastern Europe since the fall of communism and finds less than expected change, although enrollment has increased and there is minimal government interference. Obstacles to change include lack of quality controls, falling financial support, and emigration of scholars to other countries or business fields. (DB)

  12. Education Reform and Content: The Long View

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hirsch, Eric Donald, Jr.

    2005-01-01

    Longitudinal analysis of early childhood education, such as that in Project Follow Through, shows the superiority of explicit skill instruction for the acquisition of basic reading skills. But these early gains do not eventuate in significant progress in reading achievement in later grades, especially among disadvantaged youth. This is not for…

  13. Cultural Scripts Resist Reforms in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huma, Afshan

    2016-01-01

    As a part of a huge intervention in teacher education programs in Pakistan the author had a firsthand experience of how the "habits of mind" hinder in changing the practices and cultures of teachers and institutions respectively. It has been a part of traditional teaching in Pakistan that only one text book is followed by teachers and…

  14. Rethinking Democratic Education: The Politics of Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner, David M.

    This book argues that democratic education should equip citizens to be "the measure of all things." The volume contends that the voices of society should develop the skills of questioning, criticizing, and reconstructing the language of the day in order to dissect the rhetoric of politics, economy, and culture. But the volume asserts that these…

  15. Virtual Learning: Embracing True Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pohl, Robert

    2009-01-01

    Communication, commerce, and social patterns have changed dramatically during the past 25 years, and technology has played a major role in these transformations. Yet, one product of technology that schools have not embraced is virtual learning. For technology to play a substantive role in education, an alternative K-12 model must be established…

  16. A Vision: Professional Technical Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    In this position statement, professional technical education is defined as a blend of technology, work skills, and academic subjects to prepare all students for a lifetime of successful learning, working, and living. This document presents a call to action, a framework for action, and a list of the participants and resources for such action,…

  17. International Development Models for Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummings, William K.; Williams, James

    2005-01-01

    Over the last half century of educational development, six distinctive administrative models have emerged: (1) neo-colonial, (2) centralised, (3) decentralised-regionalisation, (4) decentralised-sectoral, (5) community-based, and (6) transformative models. The origins, strengths, and weaknesses of the respective models are reviewed and compared.…

  18. Should Parents Get Involved in Educational Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blodget, Alden S.

    2012-01-01

    People tend to do things because that's how they have always done them or because that's the way others have done them. Schools are no different. The rigid factory model of education--a conveyor belt that moves children through a standard curriculum of books and lessons in a strict sequence--assumes that all brains are basically the same. They…

  19. Voices on Choice: The Education Reform Debate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billingsley, K. L., Ed.

    This collection presents a sampling of opinions of both proponents and opponents in the school choice debate from a variety of professional perspectives, including academics, bureaucrats, politicians, union leaders, economists, lawyers, parents, and activists. The following essays are included: (1) "School Choice Promotes Educational Excellence in…

  20. Market-Based Reforms in Urban Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ladd, Helen F.

    This paper is for policymakers, advocates, and analysts who understand that the issues surrounding the introduction of more market-based mechanisms into education are complex and who accept the view that evidence is useful in sorting out the issues. It uses the market framework of demand, supply, and market pricing to organize the extensive but…