Science.gov

Sample records for reimbursement incentive

  1. 48 CFR 916.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 916.405 Section 916.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 916.405...

  2. 48 CFR 916.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 916.405 Section 916.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 916.405...

  3. 48 CFR 916.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 916.405 Section 916.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 916.405...

  4. 48 CFR 916.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 916.405 Section 916.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 916.405...

  5. 48 CFR 916.405 - Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost-reimbursement incentive contracts. 916.405 Section 916.405 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 916.405...

  6. Nursing home performance under case-mix reimbursement: responding to heavy-care incentives and market changes.

    PubMed Central

    Davis, M A; Freeman, J W; Kirby, E C

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of case mix-adjusted reimbursement policy and market factors on nursing home performance. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING: Data from Medicaid certification inspection surveys, Medicaid cost reports, and the Kentucky State Center for Health Statistics for the years 1989 and 1991, to examine changes in nursing home performance stemming from the adoption of case mix-adjusted reimbursement in 1990. STUDY DESIGN: In addition to cross-sectional regressions, a first-difference approach to fixed-effects regression analyses was employed to control for facility differences that were essentially fixed during the survey years and to estimate the effects of time-varying predictors on changes in facility expenditures, efficiency, and profitability. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Facilities that increased the proportion of Medicaid residents and eliminated excess capacity experienced higher profitability gains during the beginning phase of case-mix reimbursement. Having a heavy-care resident population was positively related to expenditures prior to reimbursement reform, and it was negatively related to expenditures after the case-mix reimbursement policy was introduced. While facility-level changes in case mix had no reliable influence on costs or profits, nursing homes showing an increased prevalence of poor-quality nursing practices exhibited increases in efficiency and profitability. At the market level, reductions in excess or empty nursing home beds were accompanied by a significant growth in home health services. Moreover, nursing homes located in markets with expanding home health services exhibited higher increases in costs per case-mix unit. CONCLUSIONS: Characteristics of the reimbursement system appear to reward a cost minimization orientation with potentially detrimental effects on quality of care. These effects, exacerbated by a supply-constrained market, may be mitigated by policies that encourage the expansion of home health service

  7. Nursing Home Patient Outcomes: The Results of an Incentive Reimbursement Experiment. Long-Term Care Studies Program Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorburn, Phyllis; Meiners, Mark R.

    A major demonstration and evaluation project was undertaken to study the consequences of using incentive payments to change admission, discharge, and outcome patterns for Medicaid patients in nursing homes. Thirty-six proprietary, Medicaid-certified, skilled nursing homes in San Diego County with a combined Medicaid inpatient census of…

  8. Commentary on the reimbursement paradox.

    PubMed

    Reaven, Nancy L; Rosenbloom, Judy

    2009-07-01

    Reimbursement policies are a critical step in the incorporation of new technologies and therapies into the clinical armamentarium. Reimbursement is an umbrella concept describing the process to manage and pay for healthcare services, including benefit coverage, coding, and payment processes. The technologies and services used in therapeutic temperature management are not directly reimbursed, leading to challenges by hospitals and physicians that the services are too expensive to use. The reimbursement models used in the United States make it increasingly difficult for new technologies and therapies to gain direct reimbursement, part of a strategy by insurers, including Medicare and private insurance companies, to manage access to health care services. Insurers, physicians, hospitals, and other providers face conflicting financial incentives in current reimbursement systems. Aligning the financial incentives underlying reimbursement systems is necessary to adequately support new technologies of merit.

  9. Components of Medicare reimbursement.

    PubMed

    Malatestinic, William; Braun, LeeAnn; Jorgenson, James A; Eskew, Jim

    2003-11-01

    The history of the Medicare reimbursement system, how it works, and issues related to fraud and abuse are discussed. The statutory charge of Medicare is to ensure adequate reimbursement through a Prospective Payment System (PPS) to cover the costs for providing a given service to Medicare beneficiaries. The PPS was introduced as a way to change hospital behavior through financial incentives that encourage cost-efficient management of resources. The system utilizes a rate of payment in which a hospital is paid a fixed amount that is expected to cover the costs of care while treating a typical patient in a particular diagnosis-related group (DRG). The PPS uses DRGs as payment categories and Major Diagnostic Categories (MDCs) for classifying the DRGs into similar groupings. One of the first steps in DRG assignment is identification of the principal diagnosis represented by an International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code. The secondary diagnoses (referred to as complications or comorbidities), presence or absence of surgery, age of the patient, and discharge status are the other pieces of information making up assignment of a specific DRG to a patient. A basic knowledge of the Medicare program will help in the understanding of how hospitals will be reimbursed for patient care, as well as how changes in Medicare payment may affect reimbursement. Medicare is one of the largest health insurance providers in the United States. A basic understanding of the Medicare system will provide valuable insights into Medicare reimbursement and the influence it has on a hospital's bottom line.

  10. Optimal reimbursement health insurance and the theory of Ramsey taxation.

    PubMed

    Besley, T J

    1988-12-01

    This paper explores the trade-off between risk sharing and the incentives to consume increased medical care inherent in reimbursement insurance. The results for the theory of reimbursement insurance are compared with those on Ramsey taxation. It is shown that there is a close formal analogy and interpretations are given.

  11. Vertical integration and optimal reimbursement policy.

    PubMed

    Afendulis, Christopher C; Kessler, Daniel P

    2011-09-01

    Health care providers may vertically integrate not only to facilitate coordination of care, but also for strategic reasons that may not be in patients' best interests. Optimal Medicare reimbursement policy depends upon the extent to which each of these explanations is correct. To investigate, we compare the consequences of the 1997 adoption of prospective payment for skilled nursing facilities (SNF PPS) in geographic areas with high versus low levels of hospital/SNF integration. We find that SNF PPS decreased spending more in high integration areas, with no measurable consequences for patient health outcomes. Our findings suggest that integrated providers should face higher-powered reimbursement incentives, i.e., less cost-sharing. More generally, we conclude that purchasers of health services (and other services subject to agency problems) should consider the organizational form of their suppliers when choosing a reimbursement mechanism.

  12. Incentives and provider payment methods.

    PubMed

    Barnum, H; Kutzin, J; Saxenian, H

    1995-01-01

    The mode of payment creates powerful incentives affecting provider behavior and the efficiency, equity and quality outcomes of health finance reforms. This article examines provider incentives as well as administrative costs, and institutional conditions for successful implementation associated with provider payment alternatives. The alternatives considered are budget reforms, capitation, fee-for-service, and case-based reimbursement. We conclude that competition, whether through a regulated private sector or within a public system, has the potential to improve the performance of any payment method. All methods generate both adverse and beneficial incentives. Systems with mixed forms of provider payment can provide tradeoffs to offset the disadvantages of individual modes. Low-income countries should avoid complex payment systems requiring higher levels of institutional development.

  13. Incentives for organ donation: some ethical issues.

    PubMed

    Sells, Robert

    2004-01-01

    Objections to commerce in organs has not stopped the spread of such practice around the world. In most countries the gap between supply and demand for organs continues to increase. Kidneys from living donors are considered a valuable addition to the donor pool, and in a more acquisitive world, donor incentives are becoming thinkable, even acceptable. Current incentives for cadaver and living organ donation are reviewed from ethical and legal perspectives. A new principle of reimbursement for the living donor's risk and pain is defined and presented for debate.

  14. Using Incentives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seymour, Kathryn

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the ethical implications of using incentives to encourage and recognise youth participation in research. While the complexity of research projects and the diversity of research subjects necessarily preclude simple solutions, the author argues that social research can successfully and ethically use a mix of extrinsic and…

  15. Recommendations for responding to changes in reimbursement policy.

    PubMed

    Byrnes, John; Fifer, Joe

    2010-01-01

    With profound changes in reimbursement policy on the horizon, organizations are preparing a variety of responses to ensure long-term success. Most are anticipating decreases in reimbursement rates from most payers. Whether due to nonpayment for hospital-acquired complications and infections, reductions due to high readmission rates, or a move toward value-based purchasing and bundled payment models, the impact is predicted to be substantial. Because of these sweeping changes, organizations must quickly prepare a thoughtful, effective response to ensure their financial stability. At the heart of these global changes in reimbursement, including those in the healthcare reform legislation, is a drive toward integration, the formation of integrated delivery systems in response to changing financial incentives. However, the new integrated systems must be not just an assemblage of the required components, but a true functional integration in which patients experience a seamless continuum of care that is highly coordinated, efficient, effective, and accessible. In this article, we'll address changes in reimbursement and recommended responses from three perspectives. First, we offer a three-pronged approach for managing general decreases in reimbursement. Second, we highlight strategies for managing nonpayment for readmissions, focusing on the demonstration project in the state of Michigan, MI STAAR. And finally, we review managing patient care in an environment of bundled payment, including the interventions at the center of the PROMETHEUS demonstration project.

  16. 48 CFR 16.304 - Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... allowable costs to total target costs. Cost-plus-incentive-fee contracts are covered in subpart 16.4... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-incentive-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.304...

  17. 42 CFR 413.177 - Quality incentive program payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE...-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.177 Quality incentive program payment. (a) With respect to renal dialysis services as defined under § 413.171 of this part, in the...

  18. 42 CFR 413.177 - Quality incentive program payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE...-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.177 Quality incentive program payment. (a) With respect to renal dialysis services as defined under § 413.171 of this part, in the...

  19. 42 CFR 413.177 - Quality incentive program payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE...-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.177 Quality incentive program payment. (a) With respect to renal dialysis services as defined under § 413.171 of this part, in the...

  20. 42 CFR 413.177 - Quality incentive program payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE...-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.177 Quality incentive program payment. (a) With respect to renal dialysis services as defined under § 413.171 of this part, in the...

  1. 12 CFR 219.3 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cost reimbursement. 219.3 Section 219.3 Banks...) Reimbursement to Financial Institutions for Providing Financial Records § 219.3 Cost reimbursement. (a) Fees..., or other process shall reimburse the financial institution for reasonably necessary costs...

  2. 7 CFR 1485.18 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... required to use CCC's Internet-based UES system to request reimbursement for eligible MAP expenses. Claims... reimbursement shall be submitted by the MAP Participant's U.S. office to CCC. (c) CCC will not reimburse a claim for less than $10,000, except that CCC will reimburse a final claim for a MAP Participant's...

  3. 23 CFR 140.807 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursable costs. 140.807 Section 140.807 Highways... Highway Agency Audit Expense § 140.807 Reimbursable costs. (a) Federal funds may be used to reimburse an SHA for the following types of project related audit costs: (1) Salaries, wages, and related...

  4. Reimbursement for critical care services in India

    PubMed Central

    Jayaram, Raja; Ramakrishnan, Nagarajan

    2013-01-01

    There are significant variations in critical care practices, costs, and reimbursements in various countries. Of note, there is a paucity of reliable information on remuneration and reimbursement models for intensivists in India. This review article aims to analyze the existing reimbursement models in United States and United Kingdom and propose a frame-work model that may be applicable in India. PMID:23833469

  5. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(19)-1 - Reimbursements under a self-insured medical reimbursement plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursements under a self-insured medical... Reimbursements under a self-insured medical reimbursement plan. Amounts reimbursed to or on behalf of an employee after December 31, 1979, as a medical care reimbursement under a self-insured medical reimbursement...

  6. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(19)-1 - Reimbursements under a self-insured medical reimbursement plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reimbursements under a self-insured medical... Reimbursements under a self-insured medical reimbursement plan. Amounts reimbursed to or on behalf of an employee after December 31, 1979, as a medical care reimbursement under a self-insured medical reimbursement...

  7. 26 CFR 31.3401(a)(19)-1 - Reimbursements under a self-insured medical reimbursement plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reimbursements under a self-insured medical... Reimbursements under a self-insured medical reimbursement plan. Amounts reimbursed to or on behalf of an employee after December 31, 1979, as a medical care reimbursement under a self-insured medical reimbursement...

  8. TRICARE reimbursement revisions. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2012-06-27

    This final rule provides several necessary revisions to the regulation in order for TRICARE to be consistent with Medicare. These revisions affect: Hospice periods of care; reimbursement of physician assistants and assistant-at-surgery claims; and diagnosis-related group values, removing references to specific numeric diagnosis-related group values and replacing them with their narrative description.

  9. 77 FR 67449 - Medicare Program; End-Stage Renal Disease Prospective Payment System, Quality Incentive Program...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ...This final rule updates and makes revisions to the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) prospective payment system (PPS) for calendar year (CY) 2013. This rule also sets forth requirements for the ESRD quality incentive program (QIP), including for payment year (PY) 2015 and beyond. In addition, this rule implements changes to bad debt reimbursement for all Medicare providers, suppliers, and other......

  10. What explains DRG upcoding in neonatology? The roles of financial incentives and infant health.

    PubMed

    Jürges, Hendrik; Köberlein, Juliane

    2015-09-01

    We use the introduction of diagnosis related groups (DRGs) in German neonatology to study the determinants of upcoding. Since 2003, reimbursement is based inter alia on birth weight, with substantial discontinuities at eight thresholds. These discontinuities create incentives to upcode preterm infants into classes of lower birth weight. Using data from the German birth statistics 1996-2010 and German hospital data from 2006 to 2011, we show that (1) since the introduction of DRGs, hospitals have upcoded at least 12,000 preterm infants and gained additional reimbursement in excess of 100 million Euro; (2) upcoding rates are systematically higher at thresholds with larger reimbursement hikes and in hospitals that subsequently treat preterm infants, i.e. where the gains accrue; (3) upcoding is systematically linked with newborn health conditional on birth weight. Doctors and midwives respond to financial incentives by not upcoding newborns with low survival probabilities, and by upcoding infants with higher expected treatment costs.

  11. Administrative and policy issues in reimbursement for nursing home capital investment.

    PubMed

    Boerstler, H; Carlough, T; Schlenker, R E

    1991-01-01

    The way in which states reimburse for nursing home capital costs can create incentives for nursing home owners to use the home primarily as a vehicle for real estate speculation, with potentially adverse consequences for patient care. In order to help promote and control the stability, adequacy, and quality of capital investment in long-term care, an increasing number of states are using a fair-rental approach for calculating capital reimbursement. In this article we compare the fair-rental approach with traditional cost-based capital reimbursement in terms of administration and policy. We discuss issues of concern to the state (cost and reimbursement design options) and the investor (after-tax cash flows, rate of return, etc.). Our analysis suggests that fair-rental systems may be superior to traditional cost-based reimbursement in promoting and controlling industry stability, while at the same time providing an adequate return to investors, without incurring long-term increases in the costs of administering programs.

  12. Pricing and reimbursement of orphan drugs: the need for more transparency.

    PubMed

    Simoens, Steven

    2011-06-17

    Pricing and reimbursement of orphan drugs are an issue of high priority for policy makers, legislators, health care professionals, industry leaders, academics and patients. This study aims to conduct a literature review to provide insight into the drivers of orphan drug pricing and reimbursement. Although orphan drug pricing follows the same economic logic as drug pricing in general, the monopolistic power of orphan drugs results in high prices: a) orphan drugs benefit from a period of marketing exclusivity; b) few alternative health technologies are available; c) third-party payers and patients have limited negotiating power; d) manufacturers attempt to maximise orphan drug prices within the constraints of domestic pricing and reimbursement policies; and e) substantial R&D costs need to be recouped from a small number of patients. Although these conditions apply to some orphan drugs, they do not apply to all orphan drugs. Indeed, the small number of patients treated with an orphan drug and the limited economic viability of orphan drugs can be questioned in a number of cases. Additionally, manufacturers have an incentive to game the system by artificially creating monopolistic market conditions. Given their high price for an often modest effectiveness, orphan drugs are unlikely to provide value for money. However, additional criteria are used to inform reimbursement decisions in some countries. These criteria may include: the seriousness of the disease; the availability of other therapies to treat the disease; and the cost to the patient if the medicine is not reimbursed. Therefore, the maximum cost per unit of outcome that a health care payer is willing to pay for a drug could be set higher for orphan drugs to which society attaches a high social value. There is a need for a transparent and evidence-based approach towards orphan drug pricing and reimbursement. Such an approach should be targeted at demonstrating the relative effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and

  13. Comparison of pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement systems in Turkey and certain EU countries.

    PubMed

    Atikeler, Enver Kagan; Özçelikay, Gulbin

    2016-01-01

    Recently, the need for health care services has increased gradually and the limitations in sources allocated for this area have been recognized. Moving from this fact, it has gained a supreme importance to determine what health programs or technologies will be given priority. According to Danzon (Reference pricing: theory and evidence, reference pricing and pharmaceutical policy: perspectives on economics and innovation, springer, New York, pp 86-126, 2001), arrangements towards controlling the expenses through price and profit controls, reimbursement methods and incentives have recently gained wide currency. This present study examines; along with the current situation in Turkey, pharmaceutical pricing methods, reimbursement methods and basic health indicators, within the scope of changing pharmaceutical policies, in Turkey, the EU countries which Turkey takes as reference and the United Kingdom, the implementations of which are of utmost importance for other countries. Upon the research conducted, it was detected that the pharmaceutical pricing in Turkey has been performed on the basis of the reference pricing system that takes Italy, Portugal, Spain, Greece and France as reference. The regulations regarding the reimbursement process are determined by SSI. For Turkey's case; pricing and reimbursement system has been changed numerous times and the discount rates has incrementally risen. In pricing, on the other hand, during this period companies faced with difficulties in economic terms because of the fact that price discount of high rates are implemented over the reference price and that the European currency of Euro is determined as 70% of previous year average Euro sales rate which is 2,1166 for the year 2016. Each country has specific regulations and pricing and reimbursement policies of medicines based on economic situation, reimbursement methods and market size. The aim of pricing and reimbursement systems are reaching more efficient and sustainable

  14. Evolving telehealth reimbursement in Australia.

    PubMed

    Bursell, S-E; Zang, S; Keech, A C; Jenkins, A J

    2016-08-01

    Video-based consultation is the only telehealth service reimbursed by the Medicare Benefits Schedule in Australia, but the uptake of telehealth is still low and inconsistent. There is a clear need for the development of appropriate medical evidence to support implementation of telehealth services. With the ubiquitous use of mobile phones, mobile health becomes important in facilitating health services and impacting clinical outcomes anywhere.

  15. Reimbursement for Continuous Glucose Monitoring

    PubMed Central

    DeVries, J. Hans

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems have been available for more than 15 years by now. However, market uptake is relatively low in most countries; in other words, relatively few patients with diabetes use CGM systems regularly. One major reason for the reluctance of patients to use CGM systems is the costs associated (i.e., in most countries no reimbursement is provided by the health insurance companies). In case reimbursement is in place, like in the United States, only certain patient groups get reimbursement that fulfills strict indications. This situation is somewhat surprising in view of the mounting evidence for benefits of CGM usage from clinical trials: most meta-analyses of these trials consistently show a clinically relevant improvement of glucose control associated with a reduction in hypoglycemic events. More recent trials with CGM systems with an improved CGM technology showed even more impressive benefits, especially if CGM systems are used in different combinations with an insulin pump (e.g., with automated bolus calculators and low glucose suspend features). Nevertheless, sufficient evidence is not available for all patient groups, and more data on cost–efficacy are needed. In addition, good data from real-world studies/registers documenting the benefits of CGM usage under daily life conditions would be of help to convince healthcare systems to cover the costs of CGM systems. In view of the ongoing improvements in established needle-type CGM systems, the fact that new CGM technology will come to the market soon (e.g., implantable sensors), that CGM-like systems are quite successfully at least in certain markets (like the flash glucose monitoring systems), and that the first artificial pancreas systems will come to the market in the next few years, there is a need to make sure that this major improvement in diabetes therapy becomes more widely available for patients with diabetes, for which better reimbursement is essential. PMID

  16. Photovoltaic Incentive Design Handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Hoff, T. E.

    2006-12-01

    Investments in customer-owned grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) energy systems are growing at a steady pace. This is due, in part, to the availability of attractive economic incentives offered by public state agencies and utilities. In the United States, these incentives have largely been upfront lump payments tied to the system capacity rating. While capacity-based ''buydowns'' have stimulated the domestic PV market, they have been criticized for subsidizing systems with potentially poor energy performance. As a result, the industry has been forced to consider alternative incentive structures, particularly ones that pay based on long-term measured performance. The industry, however, lacks consensus in the debate over the tradeoffs between upfront incentive payments versus longer-term payments for energy delivery. This handbook is designed for agencies and utilities that offer or intend to offer incentive programs for customer-owned PV systems. Its purpose is to help select, design, and implement incentive programs that best meet programmatic goals. The handbook begins with a discussion of the various available incentive structures and then provides qualitative and quantitative tools necessary to design the most appropriate incentive structure. It concludes with program administration considerations.

  17. Crime and Economic Incentives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machin, Stephen; Meghir, Costas

    2004-01-01

    The role that economic incentives play in determining crime rates is explored. A number of experiments were carried out with different wage measures and the result that incentives were the most important factor was reinforced by the strong impact of crime of deterrence measures and of a measure of the returns to crime.

  18. Incentives from Curriculum Tracking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koerselman, Kristian

    2013-01-01

    Curriculum tracking creates incentives in the years before its start, and we should therefore expect test scores to be higher during those years. I find robust evidence for incentive effects of tracking in the UK based on the UK comprehensive school reform. Results from the Swedish comprehensive school reform are inconclusive. Internationally, I…

  19. 75 FR 82029 - Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ...; Sequence 6] Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide Policy...) 2011 Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates. SUMMARY: The General Services Administration's (GSA) annual privately owned vehicle (POV) mileage reimbursement rate reviews have resulted in...

  20. 77 FR 22786 - Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ... ADMINISTRATION Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide Policy (OGP...) 2012 Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates. SUMMARY: The General Services Administration's (GSA) special review of privately owned vehicle (POV) mileage reimbursement rates has resulted...

  1. 77 FR 76487 - Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-28

    ...; Sequence 6] Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide Policy...) 2013 Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates. SUMMARY: The General Services Administration's annual privately owned vehicle (POV) mileage reimbursement rate reviews have resulted in new...

  2. Reimbursements for telehealth services are likely to be lower than non-telehealth services in the United States.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Fernando A; Rampa, Sankeerth; Trout, Kate E; Stimpson, Jim P

    2016-06-03

    Telehealth technologies promise to increase access to care, particularly in underserved communities. However, little is known about how private payer reimbursements vary between telehealth and non-telehealth services. We use the largest private claims database in the United States provided by the Health Care Cost Institute to identify telehealth claims and compare average reimbursements to non-telehealth claims. We find average reimbursements for telehealth services are significantly lower than those for non-telehealth for seven of the ten most common services. For example, telehealth reimbursements for office visits for evaluation and management of established patients with low complexity were 30% lower than the corresponding non-telehealth service. Reimbursements by clinical diagnosis code also tended to be lower for telehealth than non-telehealth claims. Widespread adoption of telehealth may be hampered by lower reimbursements for telehealth services relative to face-to-face services. This may result in lower incentives for providers to invest in telehealth technologies that do not result in significant cost savings to their practice, even if telehealth improves patient outcomes.

  3. Using an incentive spirometer

    MedlinePlus

    do Nascimento Jr P, Módolo NSP, Andrade S, et al. Incentive spirometry for prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications in upper abdominal surgery. Cochrane Database Sys Rev . Published online February 8, ...

  4. 23 CFR 140.505 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursable costs. 140.505 Section 140.505 Highways... Administrative Settlement Costs-Contract Claims § 140.505 Reimbursable costs. (a) Federal funds may participate in administrative settlement costs which are: (1) Incurred after notice of claim, (2)...

  5. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section 37.46... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA General Administration § 37.46 Cost reimbursement. (a) Each applicant for... actual costs incurred, including, but not limited to, its direct costs and indirect costs as...

  6. 14 CFR 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.803 Section 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for...) Standard flight price. During this phase, customers covered by subpart 1214.1 or subpart 1214.2...

  7. 14 CFR 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.803 Section 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for...) Standard flight price. During this phase, customers covered by subpart 1214.1 or subpart 1214.2...

  8. 14 CFR 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. 1214.803 Section 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for...) Standard flight price. During this phase, customers covered by subpart 1214.1 or subpart 1214.2...

  9. 14 CFR 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Reimbursement policy. 1214.803 Section 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement for...) Standard flight price. During this phase, customers covered by subpart 1214.1 or subpart 1214.2...

  10. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION OF THE COASTAL PLAIN, ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA General Administration § 37.46 Cost reimbursement. (a) Each applicant for... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section...

  11. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION OF THE COASTAL PLAIN, ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA General Administration § 37.46 Cost reimbursement. (a) Each applicant for... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section...

  12. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION OF THE COASTAL PLAIN, ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA General Administration § 37.46 Cost reimbursement. (a) Each applicant for... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section...

  13. 50 CFR 37.46 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION OF THE COASTAL PLAIN, ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA General Administration § 37.46 Cost reimbursement. (a) Each applicant for... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost reimbursement. 37.46 Section...

  14. 12 CFR 607.9 - Reimbursable billings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reimbursable billings. 607.9 Section 607.9 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ASSESSMENT AND APPORTIONMENT OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES § 607.9 Reimbursable billings. The FCA shall bill the amounts due for services to...

  15. 12 CFR 607.9 - Reimbursable billings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursable billings. 607.9 Section 607.9 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ASSESSMENT AND APPORTIONMENT OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES § 607.9 Reimbursable billings. The FCA shall bill the amounts due for services to...

  16. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... remedial action at the active thorium processing site shall be limited to costs incurred for...

  17. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... remedial action at the active thorium processing site shall be limited to costs incurred for...

  18. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... remedial action at the active thorium processing site shall be limited to costs incurred for...

  19. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... remedial action at the active thorium processing site shall be limited to costs incurred for...

  20. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.10 Reimbursement procedures. (a... by FNS, the Claim for Reimbursement for any month shall include only milk served in that month...

  1. 7 CFR 215.8 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.8 Reimbursement payments. (a) (b)(1) The rate of reimbursement per half-pint of milk purchased and (i) served in nonpricing...

  2. 7 CFR 215.8 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.8 Reimbursement payments. (a) (b)(1) The rate of reimbursement per half-pint of milk purchased and (i) served in nonpricing...

  3. 7 CFR 215.8 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.8 Reimbursement payments. (a) (b)(1) The rate of reimbursement per half-pint of milk purchased and (i) served in nonpricing...

  4. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.10 Reimbursement procedures. (a... by FNS, the Claim for Reimbursement for any month shall include only milk served in that month...

  5. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.10 Reimbursement procedures. (a... by FNS, the Claim for Reimbursement for any month shall include only milk served in that month...

  6. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.10 Reimbursement procedures. (a... by FNS, the Claim for Reimbursement for any month shall include only milk served in that month...

  7. 7 CFR 215.10 - Reimbursement procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.10 Reimbursement procedures. (a... by FNS, the Claim for Reimbursement for any month shall include only milk served in that month...

  8. 7 CFR 215.8 - Reimbursement payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.8 Reimbursement payments. (a) (b)(1) The rate of reimbursement per half-pint of milk purchased and (i) served in nonpricing...

  9. 12 CFR 219.3 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... preparing financial records for shipment. Search and processing costs shall not cover analysis of material... PROVIDING FINANCIAL RECORDS; RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN FINANCIAL RECORDS (REGULATION S) Reimbursement to Financial Institutions for Providing Financial Records § 219.3 Cost reimbursement. (a)...

  10. 10 CFR 765.11 - Reimbursable costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursable costs. 765.11 Section 765.11 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING... remedial action at the active thorium processing site shall be limited to costs incurred for...

  11. Innovation in Workforce Incentives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-13

    Performance • Superior weapon systems • Cost, Schedule, Performance challenges • Acquisition Improvement & Workforce Incentives • Academic ...statistical difference but both showed a 22% improvement in performance Academic Research on Incentives • Mark Huselid in The Impact of Human Resource...5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Defense Acquisition University ,9820 Belvoir Road ,Fort Belvoir,VA,22060 8

  12. Fertility incentives and disincentives.

    PubMed

    Financioglu, N

    1984-06-01

    Some 40 countries use some form of incentives and disincentives in support of population policies, about half with the aim of reducing fertility and half with the aim of increasing it. These schemes range from limitations on tax and family allowances or maternity benefits after a given family size has been reached to payments to acceptors of fertility control methods. Some schemes aim to eliminate or reduce the cost and inconvenience people may face in achieving their fertility preferences, whereas others contain an element of deterrence. It is difficult to isolate and measure the impact of incentives on fertility from the effects of other factors such as family planning service availability or modernization. Studies in pronatalist countries suggest that incentive schemes produce short-term fertility increases without a change in average family size. Monetary incentives must be constantly increased to keep pace with inflation, placing a heavy burden on government budgets. Administrative capacity to operate the scheme is critical in terms of both manpower and efficient systems for record keeping, monitoring, and close supervision to prevent abuse. There is also considerable debate on the moral and ethical implications of incentives and disincentives as policy tools. Incentives offered for the acceptance of a particular fertility control method potentially contravene the principle of voluntary and informed consent. In addition, the relative value of the reward is greater for those in the lower income groups. The discriminatory nature of certain types of incentives and disincentives is illustrated by measures introduced in Singapore that give highest priority in school enrollment to the children of highly educated mothers with 2-3 children. This ruling is expected to further intensify the controversy surrounding incentive and disincentive schemes.

  13. Ethics, economics, and physician reimbursement.

    PubMed

    Baily, Mary Ann

    2004-09-01

    There has been much debate among health care professionals over how physicians should be paid for their services. This paper addresses the topic through an economic and ethical analysis. It starts from the premise that fairness and cost effectiveness should be the goals of a good physician reimbursement system. Using the goals of fairness and cost effectiveness as measures, it examines the current market model. Finding that the current model provides neither fairness nor cost effectiveness, the paper compares the structure of the physician services market to the assumptions made by economists in the idealized market model. Two major imperfections are found in the former. These imperfections are an asymmetry in information between patient and physician, and the uneven and unpredictable distribution of health needs. These two imperfections are examined in light of the goals set out in the beginning of the paper. The paper finds that, given the imperfections, physician reimbursement as it currently exists is incompatible with the goals of fairness and cost effectiveness. In conclusion, several recommendations are made, most significantly a broadening of the interpretation of physician agency, i.e., physician as "agent," and the switch from a fee-for-service physician payment system to a salaried medical practice.

  14. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  15. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  16. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  17. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  18. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  19. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  20. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  1. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  2. 10 CFR 765.10 - Eligibility for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Eligibility for reimbursement. 765.10 Section 765.10 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Reimbursement Criteria § 765.10 Eligibility for reimbursement. (a) Any licensee of an...

  3. 10 CFR 765.32 - Reimbursement of excess funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement of excess funds. 765.32 Section 765.32 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Additional Reimbursement Procedures § 765.32 Reimbursement of excess funds. (a) No...

  4. 78 FR 46502 - Reimbursed Entertainment Expenses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-01

    ... regulations regarding the exception to the deduction limitations on certain expenditures paid or incurred... limitations for certain expenditures paid or incurred under reimbursement or other expense allowance... expenditure for entertainment, amusement, recreation, food, or beverages made by one person in...

  5. Incentive Funding Meets Incentive-Based Budgeting: Can They Coexist?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lang, Daniel W.

    2016-01-01

    Two major developments in the financial management of higher education have occurred more or less contemporaneously: incentive or performance funding on the part of government and incentive-based budgeting on the part of institutions. Both are based on fiscal incentives. Despite their several inherent and interconnected similarities, incentive…

  6. Cooperative Performance Incentive Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raham, Helen

    2000-01-01

    Discusses what is known about cooperative performance incentive (CPI) plans, which are award programs that offer teachers and other school staff pay bonuses for achievement of specific schoolwide educational objectives. The paper describes and compares existing CPI models worldwide, analyzes their impact on student learning and school practices,…

  7. Innovative Instructional Incentive Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banashak, Joan M.

    The Innovative Instructional Incentive Plan represents a set of goals and action strategies for implementing the school improvement plan of the Fairway Elementary School in Miramar, Florida, where instructional time was being lost due to disruptive student behavior, and where behavioral infractions were not always dealt with quickly or…

  8. Incentives for health.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Peter; Harrison, Oliver; Cooper, Cary; Jané-Llopis, Eva

    2011-08-01

    This article discusses incentives to help make healthy choices the easy choices for individuals, operating at the levels of the individual, producers and service providers, and governments. Whereas paying individuals directly to be healthier seems to have a limited effect, offering financial incentives through health insurance improves health. Changing the environment to make healthier choices more accessible acts as an incentive to improve health. Employers can provide incentives to improve the health of their employees. Producers and service providers can take voluntary action to make their products less harmful, and they can be nudged into marketing healthier products within a regulatory environment. International agreements and monitoring systems can incentivize governments to do more for health. Lessons from climate change adaptation suggest that multilevel governance and policy integration are greater obstacles to policy change and implementation than knowing what has to be done. Policy change and implementation are triggered by many drivers, many of which are side effects of other policy pressures rather than of the direct policy goal itself. Effective action to reduce noncommunicable diseases will require leveraging social networks into a new ways of thinking about health; making better health prestigious and aspirational, and giving health and wellness a brand that encourages positive behavior change.

  9. Incentives for Recruiters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-09-01

    promotions, with prizes for the kids: anything from football ti’kets to trips to Disneyland ." [Ref. 10:p. 68] Any publisher who wants a successful...such as a trip to Disneyland . The latter focuses more on providing an 29 incentive to the carrier to get a certain number of new customers in a short

  10. The Challenges and Opportunities Associated with Reimbursement for Obesity Pharmacotherapy in the USA.

    PubMed

    Baum, Charles; Andino, Katherine; Wittbrodt, Eric; Stewart, Shelley; Szymanski, Keith; Turpin, Robin

    2015-07-01

    Obesity has become a serious public health problem that has stimulated primordial and primary prevention efforts, and a triad of management options (lifestyle, pharmacotherapy, and surgical interventions). A growing body of evidence supports the need for a multi-pronged, clinic-based approach that leverages the synergy between pharmaceutical and lifestyle modification. Recent US policy changes-namely, the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act coupled with recognition of obesity as a disease by the American Medical Association-suggest that financial incentives and attitudes towards obesity management are changing. This paradigm shift has implications for current and future obesity pharmacotherapy. However, barriers to pharmacotherapy utilization include patient and physician perceptions of modest efficacy, historical safety issues, regulatory obstacles, and lack of reimbursement. The shifting attitudes and challenges associated not only with a multi-payer system, but also the lack of clearly defined cross-payer reimbursement strategies, prompted a survey to determine coverage for obesity treatment. Participants indicated that federal/state mandates and growth of quality-driven healthcare initiatives will eventually drive wider pharmacotherapy reimbursement within 1-5 years. There are signs that federal/state programs are already moving towards reimbursement by improving quality measures to track obesity outcomes and reduce costs. Future research on clinical and economic outcomes of combination weight-management programs coupled with innovative approaches (e.g., eHealth) in the real-world setting that demonstrate value to patients, healthcare providers, payers, and employers will help reshape obesity management by reducing barriers and broadening reimbursement coverage for anti-obesity pharmacotherapy.

  11. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... submission may be eligible for a one-time payment of research and development costs and reimbursement of... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Research and development reimbursement, maintenance... Submission of Policies, Provisions of Policies and Rates of Premium § 400.712 Research and...

  12. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... estimated amount of the total cost for reimbursement of research and development costs and maintenance costs...) To be considered for reimbursement of: (1) Research and development costs, the total of the amount... be purchased by producers; (2) Maintenance costs, the total of the amount requested, and...

  13. Are Small Reimbursement Changes Enough to Change Cancer Care? Reimbursement Variation in Prostate Cancer Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Ronald C.; Dusetzina, Stacie B.; Wheeler, Stephanie B.; Jackson, George L.; Nielsen, Matthew E.; Carpenter, William R.; Weinberger, Morris

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services recently initiated small reimbursement adjustments to improve the value of care delivered under fee-for-service. To estimate the degree to which reimbursement influences physician decision making, we examined utilization of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists among urologists as Part B drug reimbursement varied in a fee-for-service environment. Methods: We analyzed treatment patterns of urologists treating 15,128 men included in SEER-linked Medicare claims who were diagnosed with localized prostate cancer between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2003. We calculated a reimbursement generosity index to measure differences in GnRH agonist reimbursement among regional Medicare carriers and over time. We used multilevel analysis to control for patient and provider characteristics. Results: Among urologists treating early-stage and lower grade prostate cancer, variation in reimbursement was not associated with overuse of GnRH agonists from 2000 to 2003, a period of guideline stability (odds ratio, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.99 to 1.00). Conclusion: Small differences in androgen-deprivation therapy reimbursement generosity were not associated with differential use. Fee-for-service reimbursement changes currently being implemented to improve quality in fee-for-service Medicare may not affect patterns of cancer care. PMID:26957641

  14. Incentives, health promotion and equality.

    PubMed

    Voigt, Kristin

    2012-07-01

    The use of incentives to encourage individuals to adopt 'healthier' behaviours is an increasingly popular instrument in health policy. Much of the literature has been critical of 'negative' incentives, often due to concerns about equality; 'positive' incentives, however, have largely been welcomed as an instrument for the improvement of population health and possibly the reduction of health inequalities. The aim of this paper is to provide a more systematic assessment of the use of incentives from the perspective of equality. The paper begins with an overview of existing and proposed incentive schemes. I then suggest that the distinction between 'positive' and 'negative' incentives - or 'carrots' and 'sticks' - is of limited use in distinguishing those incentive schemes that raise concerns of equality from those that do not. The paper assesses incentive schemes with respect to two important considerations of equality: equality of access and equality of outcomes. While our assessment of incentive schemes will, ultimately, depend on various empirical facts, the paper aims to advance the debate by identifying some of the empirical questions we need to ask. The paper concludes by considering a number of trade-offs and caveats relevant to the assessment of incentive schemes.

  15. Institutional incentives for altruism: gifting blood in China

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background In mainland China, the motivation behind voluntary blood donation is a relatively new and understudied behavior. In recent times provincial governments in China have implemented various institutional incentive measures. However, little is known regarding the effectiveness of such measures. This qualitative study investigated the nature and outcomes of some identified institutionalized mechanisms, in particular how these were created and distributed in the form of incentives for voluntary blood donation. Methods Participatory observations were conducted at two blood donation stations and four blood collecting vehicles in Changsha city, China. In-depth interviews were conducted with 17 staff and 58 blood donors at the aforementioned venues from May to October 2008 in Changsha. Results Thematic analysis revealed the operation of four primary type incentives: policy-driven, symbolic, information feedback and role models, which constituted the system of institutional incentives. The current blood reimbursement system was not the primary motivation for blood donation; instead this system was a subtheme of future assurance for emergency blood needs. It was evident that symbolic incentives stressed the meaning and value of blood donation. Furthermore, post-donation information services and the inherent mechanisms of communication, enhanced by some public role models, served to draw the public to donate blood. Conclusions At the institutional level, blood donation was not only informed by altruism, but also carried a system of benefit and reward for the donors and their family members. We would recommend that such arrangements, if accommodated effectively into China’s health promotion strategies, would increase the likelihood of blood donation. PMID:23721212

  16. Medicaid reimbursement, prenatal care and infant health.

    PubMed

    Sonchak, Lyudmyla

    2015-12-01

    This paper evaluates the impact of state-level Medicaid reimbursement rates for obstetric care on prenatal care utilization across demographic groups. It also uses these rates as an instrumental variable to assess the importance of prenatal care on birth weight. The analysis is conducted using a unique dataset of Medicaid reimbursement rates and 2001-2010 Vital Statistics Natality data. Conditional on county fixed effects, the study finds a modest, but statistically significant positive relationship between Medicaid reimbursement rates and the number of prenatal visits obtained by pregnant women. Additionally, higher rates are associated with an increase in the probability of obtaining adequate care, as well as a reduction in the incidence of going without any prenatal care. However, the effect of an additional prenatal visit on birth weight is virtually zero for black disadvantaged mothers, while an additional visit yields a substantial increase in birth weight of over 20 g for white disadvantaged mothers.

  17. A performance-based incentive program for influenza immunization in the elderly.

    PubMed

    Kouides, R W; Lewis, B; Bennett, N M; Bell, K M; Barker, W H; Black, E R; Cappuccio, J D; Raubertas, R F; LaForce, F M

    1993-01-01

    Our objective was to implement and evaluate performance-based reimbursement for influenza immunization of the elderly in physician offices. We performed a community-based quasi-experiment with historic and concurrent comparisons, using primary care physician offices in Monroe County, New York. Participants in the intervention group included 53 primary care physicians admitting to one hospital, and the comparison group included 82 primary care physicians admitting to other hospitals. All physicians participated in a Medicare-sponsored demonstration to increase influenza immunization rates, and, during the 1990-1991 immunization season, used a target-based poster to track immunization rates. Physicians in the intervention group were enrolled in a performance-based financial incentive program that rewarded immunization rates above 70%. A survey concerning influenza immunization practices and opinions was sent to all physicians. The average physician-specific immunization rate in the incentive group was 73.1% versus 55.7% in the comparison practices (P < .001). Eligibility for incentives, practice size, sex of physician, medical specialty, reminder postcards, and practice populations including medically indigent patients were associated with immunization level. Controlling for the above variables, we completed a regression analysis showing that eligibility for the incentive was still significant (P = .003). The survey responses were not predictive of performance or significantly different between the two groups, except for the negative influence of sending postcards. This study in a community setting suggests that linking reimbursement to performance may be a successful strategy to increase influenza immunization levels for the elderly.

  18. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.20... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  19. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.20... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  20. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.20... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  1. Payment systems and incentives in dentistry.

    PubMed

    Grytten, Jostein

    2016-11-03

    In this commentary, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the following incentive-based remuneration systems in dentistry: fee-for-service remuneration, per capita remuneration, a mixed payment system (a combination of fee-for-service remuneration and per capita remuneration) and pay-for-performance. The two latter schemes are fairly new in dentistry. Fee-for-service payments secure high quality, but lead to increased costs, probably due to supplier-induced demand. Per capita payments secure effectiveness, but may lead to under-treatment and patient selection. A mixed payment scheme produces results somewhere between over- and under-treatment. The prospective component (the per capita payment) promotes efficiency, while the retrospective component (the fee-for-service payment) secures high quality of the care that is provided. A pay-for-performance payment scheme is specifically designed towards improvements in dental health. This is done by linking provider reimbursements directly to performance indicators measuring dental health outcomes and quality of the services. Experience from general health services is that pay-for-performance payment has not been very successful. This is due to significant design and implementation obstacles and lack of provider acceptance. A major criticism of all the incentive-based remuneration schemes is that they may undermine the dentists' intrinsic motivation for performing a task. This is a crowding-out effect, which is particularly strong when monetary incentives are introduced for care that is cognitively demanding and complex, for example as in dentistry. One way in which intrinsic motivation may not be undermined is to introduce a fixed salary component into the remuneration scheme. Dentists would then be able to choose their type of contract according to their abilities and their preferences for nonmonetary rewards as opposed to monetary rewards. If a fixed salary component cannot be introduced into the remuneration

  2. Do religious nonprofit and for-profit organizations respond differently to financial incentives? The hospice industry.

    PubMed

    Lindrooth, Richard C; Weisbrod, Burton A

    2007-03-01

    We study how for-profit and religious nonprofit hospices respond to an exogenous Medicare reimbursement incentive that encourages maximization of patient length of stay. Hospices have the incentive to selectively admit patients with longer expected lengths of stay, and admit patients sooner after a hospital discharge. We find that for-profit hospices are significantly less likely to admit patients with shorter, less profitable, expected lengths of stay. We do not find any difference in the timing of admission by ownership. Incentives for efficiency could be strengthened by a Medicare pricing system that replaced the current flat per diem payment with one that reflected the high costs at the beginning and end of hospice stay and the lower costs in between.

  3. Adopting electronic medical records: what do the new federal incentives mean to your individual physician practice?

    PubMed

    Neclerio, John M; Cheney, Kathleen; Goldman, C Mitchell; Clark, Lisa W

    2009-01-01

    Under President Obama's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the federal government is offering incentives to physicians to adopt electronic health records. The goal is to improve quality of care and constrain costs. Higher incentive payments are available for those physicians who act quickly to meet the government's standards. Physicians who practice in "health professional shortage areas" and who serve mainly Medicaid recipients may qualify for additional incentives. Although compliance is "voluntary, "physicians who have not met the standards by 2015 will face reductions in their Medicare reimbursements unless they can show a significant hardship. Physicians can get started by contacting hospitals with which they are affiliated and professional associations to find out what vendors are being used in their service area. Agreements for electronic health records should be reviewed carefully to ensure that physicians' interests are protected.

  4. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Section 765.20 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM... Department's evaluation of all claims for reimbursement submitted by a licensee. (c) Each submitted claim... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  5. 10 CFR 765.20 - Procedures for submitting reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Section 765.20 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REIMBURSEMENT FOR COSTS OF REMEDIAL ACTION AT ACTIVE URANIUM... Department's evaluation of all claims for reimbursement submitted by a licensee. (c) Each submitted claim... reimbursement ceiling for any active uranium or thorium processing site; (5) Any revision in the per dry...

  6. 7 CFR 1150.138 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1150.138 Section 1150... Promotion and Research Order National Dairy Promotion and Research Board § 1150.138 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for...

  7. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are reimbursable. Reimbursable travel expenses include the ordinary expenses of public or private transportation as well...

  8. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are reimbursable. Reimbursable travel expenses include the ordinary expenses of public or private transportation as well...

  9. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are reimbursable. Reimbursable travel expenses include the ordinary expenses of public or private transportation as well...

  10. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 416... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1498 What travel expenses are reimbursable. Reimbursable travel expenses include the ordinary expenses of public or private transportation as well...

  11. 76 FR 63844 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Lodging Reimbursement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-14

    ...] RIN 3090-AJ22 Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Lodging Reimbursement AGENCY: General Services... Travel Regulation (FTR) regarding reimbursement of lodging per diem expenses while on temporary duty travel (TDY). This final rule specifically states GSA's policy in regards to reimbursement for...

  12. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  13. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  14. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  15. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  16. 28 CFR 94.23 - Amount of reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Amount of reimbursement. 94.23 Section 94.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIME VICTIM SERVICES International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program Coverage § 94.23 Amount of reimbursement....

  17. 78 FR 76626 - Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-18

    ... ADMINISTRATION Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy (OGP... Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates. SUMMARY: The General Services Administration's annual privately owned vehicle (POV) mileage reimbursement rate reviews have resulted in new CY 2014 rates for...

  18. 7 CFR 1484.56 - How are Cooperators reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How are Cooperators reimbursed? 1484.56 Section 1484.56 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION... AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Contributions and Reimbursements § 1484.56 How are Cooperators reimbursed? (a)...

  19. 44 CFR 352.28 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement. 352.28 Section 352.28 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PREPAREDNESS COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS: EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLANNING...

  20. 44 CFR 352.28 - Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement. 352.28 Section 352.28 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PREPAREDNESS COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS: EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLANNING...

  1. 12 CFR 219.3 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... incurred in searching for, reproducing or transporting books, papers, records, or other data as set forth... independent storage facility that charges a fee to search for, reproduce, or transport particular records... not listed in appendix A to this section are reimbursed at actual cost. (d) Transportation or...

  2. 12 CFR 219.3 - Cost reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... incurred in searching for, reproducing or transporting books, papers, records, or other data as set forth... independent storage facility that charges a fee to search for, reproduce, or transport particular records... not listed in appendix A to this section are reimbursed at actual cost. (d) Transportation or...

  3. 26 CFR 601.804 - Reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., and accounting and financial control systems. (b) Direct, reasonable, and prudent expenses... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursements. 601.804 Section 601.804 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INTERNAL REVENUE...

  4. [Alternatives to pharmaceutical distribution and reimbursement].

    PubMed

    Meneu, R

    2002-01-01

    In Spain pharmaceutical distribution is carried out mainly thorugh the 20,000 independent pharmacies located throughout the country. This situation contrasts with that in other countries where other health care providers play a major role in drug dispensation or where pharmacies form part of industrial conglomerates or commercial chains. We describe the pharmaceutical distribution chain in Spain wholesale and through the pharmacies and place particular emphasis on five aspects of relevance when considering alternatives: ownership of the pharmacy and norms of professional service, criteria for setting up a pharmacy, monopoly on dispensing, automatic ageement with the Spanish national health system and reimbursement system. Several alternatives found in comparable countries are described: mail order and on-line distribution, sale of over-the counter pharmaceutical products in establishments other than pharmacies, the estabilishment of pharmaceutical chains, dispensing by providers, the repercussions of electronic prescribing and the possibilities of the still-emerging Pharmacuetical Care. The characteristics of pharmacy reimbursement systems are also reviewed. We recommend modification of limitations on ownership of pharmacies, the establishment of optional agreements between pharmacies and the Spanish national health system and the authorization of alternative or complementary channels of distribution for some products. We propose a mixed model of reimbursement that would include: a) a ficed price for dispensing; b) almost total return of the cost of the product; c) reimbursement for services explicity defined by the financer, and d) the possibility of a selective fixed payment for certain situations depending on the agreed services or a guaranteed minimum income.

  5. Know the Law: Reimbursement under the IDEA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Rehberg, Megan L.

    2009-01-01

    When school boards fail to provide the free appropriate public education (FAPE) guaranteed in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), students with disabilities and their parents can be compensated in various ways. One of the more common remedies is to reimburse parents for tuition and other costs they may have incurred in…

  6. 7 CFR 1485.16 - Reimbursement rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... exceed the full fare economy rate, or other means of international transportation, and per diem, as... reimburse any portion of air travel in excess of the full fare economy rate or when the participant fails to...) Premiums for health or accident insurance or other benefits for foreign national employees that...

  7. 34 CFR 303.528 - Reimbursement procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursement procedure. 303.528 Section 303.528 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY INTERVENTION PROGRAM FOR INFANTS...

  8. Incentives for Accountability. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lashway, Larry

    Policymakers and educators are taking a new look at incentives as they work to improve accountability systems. This ERIC Digest examines the role of rewards and sanctions in school reform and identifies key issues in implementing incentive systems. The new accountability is based on five components: carefully designed standards, assessments…

  9. An Argument for Early Retirement Incentive Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baenen, Leonard B.; Ernest, Robert C.

    1982-01-01

    Early retirement incentive programs are discussed as a humanitarian way of reducing payroll costs and rewarding long-tenured employees. The incentives to be considered, program communication, and problems found in incentive programs are addressed. (Author/MLF)

  10. Addressing government and market failures with payment incentives: Hospital reimbursement reform in Hainan, China.

    PubMed

    Yip, Winnie; Eggleston, Karen

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the role of provider payment policy as an instrument for addressing government and market failures and controlling costs in the health sector, particularly in developing countries. We empirically evaluate the impact of provider payment reform in Hainan province, China, on expenditures for different categories of services that had been subject to distorted prices under fee-for-service. Using a pre-post study design with a control group, we analyze two years of claims data to assess the impact of a January 1997 change to prospective payment for a sub-sample of the hospitals. This difference-in-difference empirical strategy allows us to isolate the supply-side payment reform effects from demand-side policy interventions. We find that prepayment is associated with a slower increase in spending on expensive drugs and high technology services, compared to fee-for-service. The fact that payment reform is associated with reduced growth in spending on the most expensive drugs is particularly encouraging, given that drugs account for a remarkably high percentage of both the level and growth of aggregate health expenditure in China. Payment reform can be an effective policy instrument for correcting market failures and adverse side effects of government health sector interventions (such as distorted prices to assure access to basic services), both of which can lead to excessive health care expenditure growth. Such health spending growth can have a particularly high opportunity cost for developing countries.

  11. Economic incentives: Options for environmental protection

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-03-01

    The authors recognize that careful examination of the costs and benefits of further policy action, and of incentives as a way to achieve policy goals, is needed in each case to identify cost-effective program designs and efficient program targets. Because further evaluation is needed, this report does not endorse any of the incentives it describes. The authors hope that this report will encourage more focused study and discussion of these and other incentives. This report reflects what has been learned from EPA's past analyses of incentive approaches, and is intended to encourage new efforts toward creative use of incentives. They encourage debate on these ideas, as well as suggestions for other applications of incentives. Incentives addressed include municipal solid waste incentives, global climate change incentives, water resource incentives, and multimedia incentives.

  12. Michigan's fee-for-value physician incentive program reduces spending and improves quality in primary care.

    PubMed

    Lemak, Christy Harris; Nahra, Tammie A; Cohen, Genna R; Erb, Natalie D; Paustian, Michael L; Share, David; Hirth, Richard A

    2015-04-01

    As policy makers and others seek to reduce health care cost growth while improving health care quality, one approach gaining momentum is fee-for-value reimbursement. This payment strategy maintains the traditional fee-for-service arrangement but includes quality and spending incentives. We examined Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan's Physician Group Incentive Program, which uses a fee-for-value approach focused on primary care physicians. We analyzed the program's impact on quality and spending from 2008 to 2011 for over three million beneficiaries in over 11,000 physician practices. Participation in the incentive program was associated with approximately 1.1 percent lower total spending for adults (5.1 percent lower for children) and the same or improved performance on eleven of fourteen quality measures over time. Our findings contribute to the growing body of evidence about the potential effectiveness of models that align payment with cost and quality performance, and they demonstrate that it is possible to transform reimbursement within a fee-for-service framework to encourage and incentivize physicians to provide high-quality care, while also reducing costs.

  13. Do financial incentives trump clinical guidance? Hip Replacement in England and Scotland.

    PubMed

    Papanicolas, Irene; McGuire, Alistair

    2015-12-01

    Following devolution in 1999 England and Scotland's National Health Services diverged, resulting in major differences in hospital payment. England introduced a case payment mechanism from 2003/4, while Scotland continued to pay through global budgets. We investigate the impact this change had on activity for Hip Replacement. We examine the financial reimbursement attached to uncemented Hip Replacement in England, which has been more generous than for its cemented counterpart, although clinical guidance from the National Institute for Clinical Excellence recommends the later. In Scotland this financial differential does not exist. We use a difference-in-difference estimator, using Scotland as a control, to test whether the change in reimbursement across the two countries had an influence on treatment. Our results indicate that financial incentives are directly linked to the faster uptake of the more expensive, uncemented Hip Replacement in England, which ran against the clinical guidance.

  14. Incentive spirometry after abdominal surgery.

    PubMed

    Davis, Suja P

    Patients face various possible complications after abdominal surgery. This article examines best practice in guiding and teaching them how to use an incentive spirometer to facilitate recovery and prevent respiratory complications.

  15. An Evaluation of the Marine Corps IDT Travel Reimbursement Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    vis- ibility and protect program funding from budget cuts. The process of reimbursing Marines for IDT travel begins with MAR - FORRES, which is...timely distribution of reimburse- ment funds to SMCR Marines depends on how quickly the MAR - FORRES budget office processes the IDT travel claims.12...An Evaluation of the Marine Corps IDT Travel Reimbursement Program Jennifer Schulte • Elizabeth Bradley DRM-2014-U-007441-Final June 2014 with Laura

  16. Third party reimbursement: is therapeutic recreation too late?

    PubMed

    Reitter, M S

    1984-01-01

    The Social Security Amendments of 1983 have brought added concerns about the feasibility of securing third-party reimbursement for therapeutic recreation services. Retrospective, cost-based reimbursement is compared with prospective payment systems, and potential impacts on therapeutic recreation services are explored. Present status of third-party reimbursement for therapeutic recreation is outlined, and suggestions are offered for therapeutic recreation managers to utilize in responding to the changing health care industry.

  17. Postoperative incentive spirometry use.

    PubMed

    Hassanzadeh, Hamid; Jain, Amit; Tan, Eric W; Stein, Benjamin E; Van Hoy, Megan L; Stewart, Nadine N; Lemma, Mesfin A

    2012-06-01

    The authors hypothesized that the use of incentive spirometry by orthopedic patients is less than the recommended level and is affected by patient-related factors and type of surgery. To determine its postoperative use, the authors prospectively surveyed all patients in their institution's general orthopedic ward who had undergone elective spine surgery or total knee or hip arthroplasty during a consecutive 3-month period in 2010, excluding patients with postoperative delirium or requiring a monitored bed. All 182 patients (74 men, 108 women; average age, 64.5 years; range, 32-88 years; spine group, n=55; arthroplasty group, n=127), per protocol, received preoperative spirometry education by a licensed respiratory therapist (recommended use, 10 times hourly) and reinforcement education by nurses. Patients were asked twice daily (morning and evening) regarding their spirometry use during the previous 1-hour period by a registered nurse on postoperative days 1 through 3. All data were collected by the same 2 nurses using the same standardized questionnaire. Spirometry use was correlated with surgery type, postoperative day/time, and patient's age and sex. Student's t test, Spearman test, and one-way analysis of variance were used to compare differences (P<.05). Spirometry use averaged 4.1 times per hour (range, 0-10 times). No statistical correlations were found between spirometry use and age. Sex did not influence spirometry use. The arthroplasty group reported significantly higher use than did the spine group: 4.3 and 3.5 times per hour, respectively. Mean use increased significantly between postoperative days 1, 2, and 3.

  18. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE SERVICES... furnished to beneficiaries. (f) Renal dialysis items and services furnished under the ESRD provision...

  19. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE SERVICES... furnished to beneficiaries. (f) Renal dialysis items and services furnished under the ESRD provision...

  20. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE SERVICES... furnished to beneficiaries. (f) Renal dialysis items and services furnished under the ESRD provision...

  1. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PROGRAM PRINCIPLES OF REASONABLE COST REIMBURSEMENT; PAYMENT FOR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE SERVICES... furnished to beneficiaries. (f) Renal dialysis items and services furnished under the ESRD provision...

  2. 7 CFR 1208.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... RASPBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order National Processed Raspberry Council § 1208.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The...

  3. 7 CFR 1208.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... RASPBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Processed Raspberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order National Processed Raspberry Council § 1208.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The...

  4. 7 CFR 1214.45 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... TREE PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order Christmas Tree Promotion Board § 1214.45 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the...

  5. 7 CFR 1214.45 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... TREE PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order Christmas Tree Promotion Board § 1214.45 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the...

  6. 7 CFR 1214.45 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... TREE PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order Christmas Tree Promotion Board § 1214.45 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the...

  7. MIS Requirements for Managing a Hospital under ‘Per Case’ Reimbursement

    PubMed Central

    Steinwachs, Donald M.; Fahey, Maureen; Horky, Ralph; Perkel, Sara; Tower, David

    1979-01-01

    Maryland is the first state to regulate reimbursement of some of its hospitals on the basis of admissions, instead of services, with adjustments for case mix. This form of reimbursement is intended to provide incentives for increasing efficiency and reducing service intensity (i.e., length of stay and use of ancillaries). Any savings achieved by hospitals may be retained, while losses must be absorbed. Existing management information systems (MIS) are not oriented toward producing data on admissions, with the exception of the Uniform Hospital Discharge Abstract Data Set (UHDADS). Using UHDADS, supplemented with detailed charge data, two issues are being addressed in the Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Hospital: (1) can charges per admission be predicted from a minimal data set? (2) can diagnostic specific trends in utilization and charges be detected on a timely basis? Results of multivariate analysis have shown that significant variations in length of stay among diagnostic categories are frequently not associated with significant variations in charges. Through a detailed analysis of selected diagnostic groups, the need for a treatment pattern classification to compliment the diagnostic classification of admissions has been identified. A classification system based on level and type of treatment charges has been tested. Effectiveness is being measured by its capability to detect trends in charges, and to characterize resource use patterns for management reporting.

  8. 75 FR 873 - Extramural Support Reimbursement of Travel and Subsistence Expenses Toward Living Organ Donation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Extramural Support Reimbursement of Travel... providing reimbursement of travel and subsistence expenses for certain individuals donating their organs... reimbursement for qualifying travel and subsistence expenses related to live organ donation. The...

  9. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... policy language will be eligible for a higher reimbursement than policies or plans of insurance for... differentials (One line per employee, include job title, total hours, and total dollars. Compensation amounts... based on this other involvement); and (D) The contracted expenses are broken out by line item...

  10. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... and received by FCIC by August 1 immediately following the date the submission was first available to... policy language will be eligible for a higher reimbursement than policies or plans of insurance for... miscellaneous expenses, other costs, and the total cost); (vi) Software and computer programming...

  11. 7 CFR 400.712 - Research and development reimbursement, maintenance reimbursement, and user fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... and received by FCIC by August 1 immediately following the date the submission was first available to... policy language will be eligible for a higher reimbursement than policies or plans of insurance for... miscellaneous expenses, other costs, and the total cost); (vi) Software and computer programming...

  12. CPT coding and reimbursement issues in dermatology.

    PubMed

    Zalla, James A

    2005-09-01

    In the past 6 years, significant changes have been made in Current Procedural Terminology codes, descriptors, and guidelines affecting dermatologists. These changes involved excision, repair, measuring excised diameter, measuring flap defects, skin biopsy and Mohs surgery guidelines, KOH examination, and fungus cultures. New codes were introduced for photodynamic therapy, laser treatment, and whole-body photography. Reimbursement issues affecting dermatologists are also discussed, including inappropriate bundling of separate services, failure to recognize modifiers, and unfair multiple procedure reduction. The successes of the American Academy of Dermatology Association advocacy efforts with insurance carriers are summarized, with an update on the current status of these issues. Physician responsibilities, documentation requirements, and expectations are also outlined.

  13. [Cost control techniques in Hungarian medicine reimbursement].

    PubMed

    Inotai, András; Bodrogi, József

    2007-01-01

    Health care, and especially reimbursement of medicaments has limited financial resources. The gap between the medically possible and economically acceptable is becoming wider. To keep the costs at a low level, cost controll techniques should be used. The severity of current Hungarian economic situation gives extra actuality of this question. This paper gives a short review of cost control techniques adopted in Hungary during the last approximately 20 years, analyses the present financial situation of health care by focusing on pharmaceutical market, and displays the possible alternative solutions.

  14. Incentives to promote family planning

    PubMed Central

    Heil, Sarah H.; Gaalema, Diann E.; Herrmann, Evan S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Over the past 60 years, population control has become an increasingly urgent issue worldwide as a growing population strains already limited resources. The use of financial incentives to promote family planning is an innovative approach that has potential to make a contribution to efforts to better manage population growth. This report reviews eight studies that examined the effect of incentives on family planning. Method Published studies that tested the impact of incentives to promote some aspect of family planning and included an appropriate control or comparison condition were reviewed. Results Incentives have been used to promote attendance at contraceptive education sessions, adoption and continuation of contraceptive methods, sterilization, and to limit family size. All but one of the eight studies reviewed reported positive outcomes, but weaknesses in study design and execution limit the strength of the conclusions that can be drawn. Conclusion Review of this literature suggests that family planning behaviors, like other behaviors, are sensitive to incentives. Given the tremendous need for efficacious interventions in global efforts to manage population growth, further research on this topic using more rigorous experimental methods is warranted. PMID:22743293

  15. 45 CFR 149.300 - General reimbursement rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General reimbursement rules. 149.300 Section 149.300 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement Methods § 149.300 General...

  16. 7 CFR 1160.207 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compensation and reimbursement. 1160.207 Section 1160... Fluid Milk Promotion Order National Fluid Milk Processor Promotion Board § 1160.207 Compensation and... compensation but shall be reimbursed for necessary and reasonable expenses incurred by them in the...

  17. 45 CFR 149.315 - Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement conditioned upon available funds. 149.315 Section 149.315 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY RETIREE REINSURANCE PROGRAM Reimbursement...

  18. 34 CFR 668.95 - Reimbursements, refunds, and offsets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursements, refunds, and offsets. 668.95 Section..., Suspension and Termination Proceedings § 668.95 Reimbursements, refunds, and offsets. (a) The designated... offset these claims against any benefits or claims due to the institution or servicer. (d) If...

  19. 14 CFR § 1214.803 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement policy. § 1214.803 Section § 1214.803 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT Reimbursement...) Standard flight price. During this phase, customers covered by subpart 1214.1 or subpart 1214.2...

  20. 20 CFR 405.901 - Reimbursement of certain travel expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. 405... FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 405.901 Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. When you file a disability claim, you may incur certain travel...

  1. 20 CFR 405.901 - Reimbursement of certain travel expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. 405... FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 405.901 Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. When you file a disability claim, you may incur certain travel...

  2. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  3. 20 CFR 405.901 - Reimbursement of certain travel expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. 405... FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 405.901 Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. When you file a disability claim, you may incur certain travel...

  4. 20 CFR 405.901 - Reimbursement of certain travel expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. 405... FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 405.901 Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. When you file a disability claim, you may incur certain travel...

  5. 20 CFR 405.901 - Reimbursement of certain travel expenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. 405... FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 405.901 Reimbursement of certain travel expenses. When you file a disability claim, you may incur certain travel...

  6. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  7. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  8. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  9. 48 CFR 2052.215-77 - Travel approvals and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Travel approvals and....215-77 Travel approvals and reimbursement. As prescribed at 2015.209-70(d), the contracting officer shall insert the following clause in cost reimbursement solicitations and contracts which require...

  10. 44 CFR 208.36 - Reimbursement for Alert.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Cooperative Agreements § 208.36 Reimbursement for Alert. (a) Allowable costs. DHS will reimburse costs... relating to hiring, leasing, or renting vehicles and drivers. (3) The administrative allowance provided in § 208.41 of this part. (4) Food and beverages for Task Force Members and Support Specialists when...

  11. 44 CFR 208.36 - Reimbursement for Alert.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Cooperative Agreements § 208.36 Reimbursement for Alert. (a) Allowable costs. DHS will reimburse costs... relating to hiring, leasing, or renting vehicles and drivers. (3) The administrative allowance provided in § 208.41 of this part. (4) Food and beverages for Task Force Members and Support Specialists when...

  12. 44 CFR 208.36 - Reimbursement for Alert.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Cooperative Agreements § 208.36 Reimbursement for Alert. (a) Allowable costs. DHS will reimburse costs... relating to hiring, leasing, or renting vehicles and drivers. (3) The administrative allowance provided in § 208.41 of this part. (4) Food and beverages for Task Force Members and Support Specialists when...

  13. Obtaining reimbursement in France and Italy for new diabetes products.

    PubMed

    Schaefer, Elmar; Schnell, Gerald; Sonsalla, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    Manufacturers launching next-generation or innovative medical devices in Europe face a very heterogeneous reimbursement landscape, with each country having its own pathways, timing, requirements and success factors. We selected 2 markets for a deeper look into the reimbursement landscape: France, representing a country with central decision making with defined processes, and Italy, which delegates reimbursement decisions to the regional level, resulting in a less transparent approach to reimbursement. Based on our experience in working on various new product launches and analyzing recent reimbursement decisions, we found that payers in both countries do not reward improved next-generation products with incremental reimbursement. Looking at innovations, we observe that manufacturers face a challenging and lengthy process to obtain reimbursement. In addition, requirements and key success factors differ by country: In France, comparative clinical evidence and budget impact very much drive reimbursement decisions in terms of pricing and restrictions, whereas in Italy, regional key opinion leader (KOL) support and additional local observational data are key.

  14. 7 CFR 210.7 - Reimbursement for school food authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement for school food authorities. 210.7 Section 210.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION... Process for States and School Food Authorities § 210.7 Reimbursement for school food authorities....

  15. 78 FR 7750 - Summer Food Service Program; 2013 Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-04

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Summer Food Service Program; 2013 Reimbursement Rates AGENCY: Food and... to the reimbursement rates for meals served in the Summer Food Service Program for Children. These..., Section Head, Policy and Program Development Branch, Child Nutrition Division, Food and Nutrition...

  16. 77 FR 5228 - Summer Food Service Program; 2012 Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-02

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Summer Food Service Program; 2012 Reimbursement Rates AGENCY: Food and... to the reimbursement rates for meals served in the Summer Food Service Program for Children. These..., Head, CACFP and SFSP Section, Policy and Program Development Branch, Child Nutrition Division, Food...

  17. 75 FR 3197 - Summer Food Service Program; 2010 Reimbursement Rates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ... Food and Nutrition Service Summer Food Service Program; 2010 Reimbursement Rates AGENCY: Food and... to the reimbursement rates for meals served in the Summer Food Service Program for Children. These... SFSP Section, Policy and Program Development Branch, Child Nutrition Division, Food and...

  18. 34 CFR 674.13 - Reimbursement to the Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursement to the Fund. 674.13 Section 674.13 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM General Provisions § 674.13 Reimbursement...

  19. 34 CFR 674.13 - Reimbursement to the Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reimbursement to the Fund. 674.13 Section 674.13 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM General Provisions § 674.13 Reimbursement...

  20. 47 CFR 54.407 - Reimbursement for offering Lifeline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE Universal Service Support for Low-Income Consumers § 54.407 Reimbursement for... eligible telecommunications carrier, based on the number of qualifying low-income consumers it serves... carrier may receive universal service support reimbursement for each qualifying low-income consumer...

  1. 7 CFR 210.7 - Reimbursement for school food authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement for school food authorities. 210.7 Section 210.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION... Process for States and School Food Authorities § 210.7 Reimbursement for school food authorities....

  2. 45 CFR 703.9 - Reimbursement of members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reimbursement of members. 703.9 Section 703.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS OPERATIONS AND FUNCTIONS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 703.9 Reimbursement of members. (a) Advisory...

  3. 45 CFR 703.9 - Reimbursement of members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement of members. 703.9 Section 703.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS OPERATIONS AND FUNCTIONS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 703.9 Reimbursement of members. (a) Advisory...

  4. 45 CFR 703.9 - Reimbursement of members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement of members. 703.9 Section 703.9 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS OPERATIONS AND FUNCTIONS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 703.9 Reimbursement of members. (a) Advisory...

  5. 44 CFR 206.8 - Reimbursement of other Federal agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... reimbursement with specific details on personnel services, travel, and all other expenses by object class as specified in OMB Circular A-12 and by any other subobject class used in the agency's accounting system.... Requests for reimbursement of costs incurred under more than one mission assignment may not be combined...

  6. 44 CFR 206.8 - Reimbursement of other Federal agencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... reimbursement with specific details on personnel services, travel, and all other expenses by object class as specified in OMB Circular A-12 and by any other subobject class used in the agency's accounting system.... Requests for reimbursement of costs incurred under more than one mission assignment may not be combined...

  7. 40 CFR 791.20 - Initiation of reimbursement proceeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Initiation of reimbursement proceeding. 791.20 Section 791.20 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (CONTINUED) DATA REIMBURSEMENT Hearing Procedures § 791.20 Initiation of...

  8. Aligning incentives in supply chains.

    PubMed

    Narayanan, V G; Raman, Ananth

    2004-11-01

    Most companies don't worry about the behavior of their supply chain partners. Instead, they expect the supply chain to work efficiently without interference, as if guided by Adam Smith's famed invisible hand. In their study of more than 50 supply networks, V.G. Narayanan and Ananth Raman found that companies often looked out for their own interests and ignored those of their network partners. Consequently, supply chains performed poorly. Those results aren't shocking when you consider that supply chains extend across several functions and many companies, each with its own priorities and goals. Yet all those functions and firms must pull in the same direction for a chain to deliver goods and services to consumers quickly and cost-effectively. According to the authors, a supply chain works well only if the risks, costs, and rewards of doing business are distributed fairly across the network. In fact, misaligned incentives are often the cause of excess inventory, stock-outs, incorrect forecasts, inadequate sales efforts, and even poor customer service. The fates of all supply chain partners are interlinked: If the firms work together to serve consumers, they will all win. However, they can do that only if incentives are aligned. Companies must acknowledge that the problem of incentive misalignment exists and then determine its root cause and align or redesign incentives. They can improve alignment by, for instance, adopting revenue-sharing contracts, using technology to track previously hidden information, or working with intermediaries to build trust among network partners. It's also important to periodically reassess incentives, because even top-performing networks find that changes in technology or business conditions alter the alignment of incentives.

  9. Economic Growth Challenge/Innovation Incentive: Implementing the Incentive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio Board of Regents, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Economic Growth Challenge / Innovation Incentive, as proposed by the Governor's Commission on Higher Education and the Economy, is a new line item involving reallocation of current higher education funding plus matching levels of performance funding to achieve a major restructuring and refocusing of Ohio's portfolio of doctoral research programs.…

  10. State Incentive Funding: Leveraging Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, Barbara

    1990-01-01

    This newsletter summarizes the debate on the use of state-level initiatives as levers to effect fundamental changes in higher education. It provides several perspectives on the use of incentive/enhancement programs to achieve state higher education goals. The concept of budgetary leverage is outlined, and the growth in enhancement programs…

  11. Motivating employees: an incentive program.

    PubMed

    Barczewski, R W; Michelson, L D

    1991-01-01

    Motivating employees is a challenging and critical task for all managers--no matter what the field. Robert Barczewski, M.B.A., and Linda Michelson describe how a successful incentive program at the Washington University School of Medicine was developed.

  12. 43 CFR 3103.4 - Production incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Production incentives. 3103.4 Section 3103.4 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT... Production incentives....

  13. Federal Incentives for Wind Power (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2013-05-01

    This fact sheet describes the federal incentives available as of April 2013 that encourage increased development and deployment of wind energy technologies, including research grants, tax incentives, and loan programs.

  14. Behavioral Therapy, Incentives Enhance Addiction Treatment

    MedlinePlus

    ... Issue Past Issues Research News From NIH Behavioral Therapy, Incentives Enhance Addiction Treatment Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of Contents For ... their addiction to marijuana can benefit from a treatment program that combines motivational incentives with cognitive-behavioral ...

  15. Utility Incentives for Combined Heat and Power

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This report describes the results of EPA's research and analysis into utility incentives for CHP. It provides information about utility-initiated policies, programs, and incentives for CHP systems, and includes case studies and tools and resources.

  16. 28 CFR 544.72 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Incentives. 544.72 Section 544.72 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.72 Incentives. The Warden shall establish a system of incentives to encourage...

  17. 28 CFR 544.72 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Incentives. 544.72 Section 544.72 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Literacy Program § 544.72 Incentives. The Warden shall establish a system of incentives to encourage...

  18. 75 FR 57907 - Teacher Incentive Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ... 1810-AB08 Teacher Incentive Fund ACTION: Interim final requirements; request for comments. SUMMARY: The Secretary of Education (Secretary) amends the final requirements for the Teacher Incentive Fund program to... Secondary Education (Attention: Teacher Incentive Fund Comments), U.S. Department of Education, 400...

  19. 21 CFR 868.5690 - Incentive spirometer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Incentive spirometer. 868.5690 Section 868.5690...) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 868.5690 Incentive spirometer. (a) Identification. An incentive spirometer is a device that indicates a patient's breathing volume or flow and...

  20. 21 CFR 868.5690 - Incentive spirometer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Incentive spirometer. 868.5690 Section 868.5690...) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 868.5690 Incentive spirometer. (a) Identification. An incentive spirometer is a device that indicates a patient's breathing volume or flow and...

  1. 21 CFR 868.5690 - Incentive spirometer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Incentive spirometer. 868.5690 Section 868.5690...) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 868.5690 Incentive spirometer. (a) Identification. An incentive spirometer is a device that indicates a patient's breathing volume or flow and...

  2. 21 CFR 868.5690 - Incentive spirometer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Incentive spirometer. 868.5690 Section 868.5690...) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 868.5690 Incentive spirometer. (a) Identification. An incentive spirometer is a device that indicates a patient's breathing volume or flow and...

  3. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR payment... Management (OPM) regulations, No FEAR reimbursements or payment reimbursement plans must be made within...

  4. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR payment... Management (OPM) regulations, No FEAR reimbursements or payment reimbursement plans must be made within...

  5. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR payment... Management (OPM) regulations, No FEAR reimbursements or payment reimbursement plans must be made within...

  6. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR payment... Management (OPM) regulations, No FEAR reimbursements or payment reimbursement plans must be made within...

  7. 31 CFR 256.41 - When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... No FEAR payments? 256.41 Section 256.41 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... When is reimbursement due for CDA and No FEAR payments? Reimbursement for a CDA or No FEAR payment... reimbursement plan. Under Office of Personnel Management (OPM) regulations, No FEAR reimbursements or...

  8. An overview of Medicare reimbursement regulations for advanced practice nurses.

    PubMed

    Frakes, Michael A; Evans, Tracylain

    2006-01-01

    The federal government spends nearly 15% of the budget on Medicare services annually, and advanced practice nurses are eligible for reimbursement from that pool. The regulations governing reimbursement are complex because of the social, political, and financial pressures involved in their development. Although economic viability and due diligence considerations make it incumbent on advanced practice nurses to understand the rules, the profession, as a whole, has knowledge deficits in this area. The essentials of regulatory development and structure are reviewed and considerations for optimizing reimbursement are described.

  9. Economic aspect of health care systems. Advantage and disadvantage incentives in different systems.

    PubMed

    Chen, G J; Feldman, S R

    2000-04-01

    European health care delivery systems illustrate the effect of economic incentives on health care delivery. Each country faces the issue of trying to balance the desire for economic efficiency with comprehensive, quality medical care. Without careful use of economic incentives achievable with central control, one gets to pick only two of the three desired goods--high quality, low cost, and comprehensive coverage. In the United States, payment approaches for health care have been undergoing tremendous changes since the early 1980s. These changes have escalated during the 1990s. The basic approach for reimbursing hospital care has been completely restructured by many payers for care, and payment approaches for physicians and long-term care providers also are being restructured. Financing approaches vary from provider to provider and payer to payer, and financing approaches will continue to evolve over time. In the traditional fee-for-service reimbursement system, the incentive to physicians is to do more because more services lead to more revenue. The use of incentives to influence health care practitioners' behavior is common. Incentives are generally financial in nature and expose health care providers to some risk or reward for certain patterns of behavior. Some common incentives used in managed care include capitation payment, in which a physician is paid a fixed fee, regardless of the number of services administered; bonus distribution; and withhold accounts, through which a practitioner stands to gain or lose some amount of money for overuse or underuse of medical resources against budget. In many countries, a strengthening of the position of primary care providers can be observed: Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and now the United States. General practitioners are assumed to function as a gatekeeper to second-line care, such as specialist care, prescription drugs, and hospital care. A further step is to

  10. Employee incentives in the healthcare industry.

    PubMed

    McKinnies, Richard C; Collins, Sandra K; Collins, Kevin S

    2008-01-01

    *Employee incentives are an important part of a radiology department's ability to attract and maintain employees. For incentive programs to be successful, radiology managers must diligently look for the incentives that motivate each particular employee. *The types of incentives being used frequently in the field of healthcare vary between technical, managerial, and executive positions. The process of identifying the right employee incentive for each group of individuals may be challenging, but if the result is a more productive and satisfied group of employees, the process is worth the effort.

  11. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO... you are the governing body of a county, parish, municipality, city, town, township,...

  12. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO... you are the governing body of a county, parish, municipality, city, town, township,...

  13. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO... you are the governing body of a county, parish, municipality, city, town, township,...

  14. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO... you are the governing body of a county, parish, municipality, city, town, township,...

  15. 40 CFR 310.5 - Am I eligible for reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS REIMBURSEMENT TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO... you are the governing body of a county, parish, municipality, city, town, township,...

  16. 22 CFR 202.3 - Freight reimbursement limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... VOLUNTARY NON-PROFIT RELIEF AGENCIES § 202.3 Freight reimbursement limitations. Economic utilization of AID... carrier either in accordance with its applicable tariff for delivery to the discharge port or...

  17. 22 CFR 202.3 - Freight reimbursement limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... VOLUNTARY NON-PROFIT RELIEF AGENCIES § 202.3 Freight reimbursement limitations. Economic utilization of AID... carrier either in accordance with its applicable tariff for delivery to the discharge port or...

  18. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  19. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  20. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  1. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  2. 7 CFR 1218.46 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE BLUEBERRY PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order U.s. Highbush Blueberry Council § 1218.46 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council,...

  3. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  4. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  5. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  6. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  7. 7 CFR 1209.37 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Mushroom Council § 1209.37 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Council shall...

  8. 7 CFR 210.7 - Reimbursement for school food authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Section 210.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM Reimbursement... acceptable point of service alternatives and instructions for proper implementation. School food...

  9. Reimbursement for Continuous Glucose Monitoring: A European View

    PubMed Central

    Heinemann, Lutz; Franc, Sylvia; Phillip, Moshe; Battelino, Tadej; Ampudia-Blasco, Francisco Javier; Bolinder, Jan; Diem, Peter; Pickup, John; Hans DeVries, J.

    2012-01-01

    Different systems for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) are available on the European market. There is no unlimited reimbursement for CGM use in any European country, but in some countries, reimbursement exists for certain clinical indications. The aim of this commentary is to describe the different reimbursement situations across Europe for this innovative but costly technology, as a prelude to establishing more uniform use. From the perspective of many scientists and clinicians, a number of randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the efficacy of real-time CGM versus self-monitoring of blood glucose, at least for hemoglobin A1c reduction. Nevertheless, according to many health care professionals and potential CGM users, national health services and health insurance organizations are reluctant to reimburse CGM. Imminent technological and manufacturing developments are expected to reduce the day-to-day costs of CGM. PMID:23294797

  10. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  11. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  12. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  13. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  14. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  15. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  16. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  17. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  18. 7 CFR 1206.35 - Compensation and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions National Mango Promotion Board § 1206.35 Compensation and reimbursement. The members of the Board shall...

  19. 10 CFR 765.21 - Procedures for processing reimbursement claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND THORIUM PROCESSING SITES Procedures for Submitting and Processing Reimbursement Claims § 765.21... uranium or thorium processing site licensees for approved costs of remedial action will be...

  20. Summary of DSN (Deep Space Network) reimbursable launch support

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fanelli, N. A.; Wyatt, M. E.

    1988-01-01

    The Deep Space Network is providing ground support to space agencies of foreign governments as well as to NASA and other agencies of the Federal government which are involved in space activities. DSN funding for support of missions other than NASA are on either a cooperative or a reimbursable basis. Cooperative funding and support are accomplished in the same manner as NASA sponsored missions. Reimbursable launch funding and support methods are described.

  1. Timing of Clinical Billing Reimbursement for a Local Health Department

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Objectives A major responsibility of a local health department (LHD) is to assure public health service availability throughout its jurisdiction. Many LHDs face expanded service needs and declining budgets, making billing for services an increasingly important strategy for sustaining public health service provision. Yet, little practice-based data exist to guide practitioners on what to expect financially, especially regarding timing of reimbursement receipt. This study provides results from one LHD on the lag from service delivery to reimbursement receipt. Methods Reimbursement records for all transactions at Maricopa County Department of Public Health immunization clinics from January 2013 through June 2014 were compiled and analyzed to determine the duration between service and reimbursement. Outcomes included daily and cumulative revenues received. Time to reimbursement for Medicaid and private payers was also compared. Results Reimbursement for immunization services was received a median of 68 days after service. Payments were sometimes taken back by payers through credit transactions that occurred a median of 333 days from service. No differences in time to reimbursement between Medicaid and private payers were found. Conclusions Billing represents an important financial opportunity for LHDs to continue to sustainably assure population health. Yet, the lag from service provision to reimbursement may complicate budgeting, especially in initial years of new billing activities. Special consideration may be necessary to establish flexibility in the budget-setting processes for services with clinical billing revenues, because funds for services delivered in one budget period may not be received in the same period. LHDs may also benefit from exploring strategies used by other delivery organizations to streamline billing processes. PMID:26957663

  2. Economics of periodontal care: market trends, competitive forces and incentives.

    PubMed

    Flemmig, Thomas F; Beikler, Thomas

    2013-06-01

    The adoption of new technologies for the treatment of periodontitis and the replacement of teeth has changed the delivery of periodontal care. The objective of this review was to conduct an economic analysis of a mature periodontal service market with a well-developed workforce, including general dentists, dental hygienists and periodontists. Publicly available information about the delivery of periodontal care in the USA was used. A strong trend toward increased utilization of nonsurgical therapy and decreased utilization of surgical periodontal therapy was observed. Although periodontal surgery remained the domain of periodontists, general dentists had taken over most of the nonsurgical periodontal care. The decline in surgical periodontal therapy was associated with an increased utilization of implant-supported prosthesis. Approximately equal numbers of implants were surgically placed by periodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and general dentists. Porter's framework of the forces driving industry competition was used to analyze the role of patients, dental insurances, general dentists, competitors, entrants, substitutes and suppliers in the periodontal service market. Estimates of out-of-pocket payments of self-pay and insured patients, reimbursement by dental insurances and providers' earnings for various periodontal procedures and alternative treatments were calculated. Economic incentives for providers may explain some of the observed shifts in the periodontal service market. Given the inherent uncertainty about treatment outcomes in dentistry, which makes clinical judgment critical, providers may yield to economic incentives without jeopardizing their ethical standards and professional norms. Although the economic analysis pertains to the USA, some considerations may also apply to other periodontal service markets.

  3. Linear programming models for cost reimbursement.

    PubMed Central

    Diehr, G; Tamura, H

    1989-01-01

    Tamura, Lauer, and Sanborn (1985) reported a multiple regression approach to the problem of determining a cost reimbursement (rate-setting) formula for facilities providing long-term care (nursing homes). In this article we propose an alternative approach to this problem, using an absolute-error criterion instead of the least-squares criterion used in regression, with a variety of side constraints incorporated in the derivation of the formula. The mathematical tool for implementation of this approach is linear programming (LP). The article begins with a discussion of the desirable characteristics of a rate-setting formula. The development of a formula with these properties can be easily achieved, in terms of modeling as well as computation, using LP. Specifically, LP provides an efficient computational algorithm to minimize absolute error deviation, thus protecting rates from the effects of unusual observations in the data base. LP also offers modeling flexibility to impose a variety of policy controls. These features are not readily available if a least-squares criterion is used. Examples based on actual data are used to illustrate alternative LP models for rate setting. PMID:2759871

  4. The failure of financial incentive? The seemingly inexorable rise of cesarean section.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chin-Shyan; Liu, Tsai-Ching; Chen, Bradley; Lin, Chung-Liang

    2014-01-01

    Two policy interventions in Taiwan aiming to slow the growth of cesarean delivery utilization were respectively implemented in 2005 and 2006. The first policy provided financial incentives to encourage vaginal delivery by setting a global fee for obstetric services and in essence increasing the reimbursement for vaginal delivery up to the same level of cesarean section. The second policy aimed to reduce the demand for elective cesarean procedure by employing a copayment when cesarean section is not medically indicated. This paper examines the impact of financial incentives of both the supply and the demand side on the use of utilization of cesarean section using data from the 2003-2008 National Health Insurance Research Database. We found that while the overall trend of cesarean utilization did not seem to respond to the interventions, the policies did have significant impact on its elective use. Financial incentives for the providers do matter, and policy interventions, such as a fee change, are still important strategies to consider in reducing the over-utilization of cesarean section.

  5. Aligning incentives in orthopaedics: opportunities and challenges -- the Case Medical Center experience.

    PubMed

    Marcus, Randall E; Zenty, Thomas F; Adelman, Harlin G

    2009-10-01

    For 30 years, the orthopaedic faculty at Case Western Reserve University worked as an independent private corporation within University Hospitals Case Medical Center (Hospital). However, by 2002, it became progressively obvious to our orthopaedic practice that we needed to modify our business model to better manage the healthcare regulatory changes and decreased reimbursement if we were to continue to attract and retain the best and brightest orthopaedic surgeons to our practice. In 2002, our surgeons created a new entity wholly owned by the parent corporation at the Hospital. As part of this transaction, the parties negotiated a balanced employment model designed to fully integrate the orthopaedic surgeons into the integrated delivery system that included the Hospital. This new faculty practice plan adopted a RVU-based compensation model for the physicians, with components that created incentives both for clinical practice and for academic and administrative service contributions. Over the past 5 years, aligning incentives with the Hospital has substantially increased the clinical productivity of the surgeons and has also benefited the Hospital and our patients. Furthermore, aligned incentives between surgeons and hospitals could be of substantial financial benefit to both, as Medicare moves forward with its bundled project initiative.

  6. Is what's good for the patient good for the hospital? Aligning incentives and the business case for nursing.

    PubMed

    Needleman, Jack

    2008-05-01

    This article examines the social and business case for quality related to nursing and the need to restructure incentives to align the interests of the hospital and payers with the interests of the patients. Increasing the proportion of nurses who are registered nurses is associated with net cost savings. Increasing both nursing hours and the proportion of nurses who are registered nurses would result in improved quality and fewer deaths (creating a social case for improved staffing) but would be associated with small cost increases. Cost offsets associated with reduced turnover because of higher staffing would reduce the net cost increase but not result in savings. Under current reimbursement systems, hospitals that increase nurse staffing to improve patient outcomes will likely lose money as a result. Current proposals for pay for performance would create limited incentives for improving hospital nursing care.

  7. Insurance reimbursement in a university-based pediatric weight management clinic.

    PubMed Central

    Griffith, Joan; Gantz, Starr; Lowry, Jill; Dai, Hongying; Bada, Henrietta

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare third-party payor reimbursement for patients evaluated in a university-based pediatric weight management clinic in central Kentucky. STUDY DESIGN: Demographic and reimbursement data were reviewed for 120 patients evaluated January to December 2004. Statistical analysis included Kruskal-Wallis test and Friedman's test. RESULTS: Overall, median reimbursement was 60%. For new appointments, contracted (56%) and capitated (60%) reimbursements were higher than Medicaid (55%). For established appointments, Medicaid reimbursement (100%) was higher than contracted (37%) and capitated (58%). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that reimbursement is influenced by regional factors and is improving in central Kentucky. PMID:17913114

  8. Overconfidence, Incentives and Digit Ratio

    PubMed Central

    Neyse, Levent; Bosworth, Steven; Ring, Patrick; Schmidt, Ulrich

    2016-01-01

    This paper contributes to a better understanding of the biological underpinnings of overconfidence by analyzing performance predictions in the Cognitive Reflection Test with and without monetary incentives. In line with the existing literature we find that the participants are too optimistic about their performance on average; incentives lead to higher performance; and males score higher than females on this particular task. The novelty of this paper is an analysis of the relation between participants’ performance prediction accuracy and their second to fourth digit ratio. It has been reported that the digit ratio is a negatively correlated bio-marker of prenatal testosterone exposure. In the un-incentivized treatment, we find that males with low digit ratios, on average, are significantly more overconfident about their performance. In the incentivized treatment, however, we observe that males with low digit ratios, on average, are less overconfident about their performance. These effects are not observed in females. We discuss how these findings fit into the literature on testosterone and decision making and how they might help to explain seemingly opposing evidence. PMID:27039893

  9. Personalized Medicine’s Bottleneck: Diagnostic Test Evidence and Reimbursement

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Joshua P.; Felix, Abigail E.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Personalized medicine is gradually emerging as a transformative field. Thus far, seven co-developed drug-diagnostic combinations have been approved and several dozen post-hoc drug-diagnostic combinations (diagnostic approved after the drug). However, barriers remain, particularly with respect to reimbursement. Purpose, methods: This study analyzes barriers facing uptake of drug-diagnostic combinations. We examine Medicare reimbursement in the U.S. of 10 drug-diagnostic combinations on the basis of a formulary review and a survey. Findings: We found that payers reimburse all 10 drugs, but with variable and relatively high patient co-insurance, as well as imposition of formulary restrictions. Payer reimbursement of companion diagnostics is limited and highly variable. In addition, we found that the body of evidence on the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of therapeutics is thin and even less robust for diagnostics. Conclusions, discussion: The high cost of personalized therapeutics and dearth of evidence concerning the comparative clinical effectiveness of drug-diagnostic combinations appear to contribute to high patient cost sharing, imposition of formulary restrictions, and limited and variable reimbursement of companion diagnostics. Our findings point to the need to increase the evidence base supportive of establishing linkage between diagnostic testing and positive health outcomes. PMID:25563222

  10. 48 CFR 16.402-1 - Cost incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost incentives. 16.402-1... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-1 Cost incentives. (a) Most incentive contracts include only cost incentives, which take the form of a profit or fee adjustment formula and...

  11. 48 CFR 16.402-1 - Cost incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost incentives. 16.402-1... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-1 Cost incentives. (a) Most incentive contracts include only cost incentives, which take the form of a profit or fee adjustment formula and...

  12. Medicare program; end-stage renal disease program; prospective reimbursement for dialysis services and approval of special purpose renal dialysis facilities--HCFA. Final rule.

    PubMed

    1983-05-11

    These regulations change the reimbursement system by which Medicare pays for outpatient maintenance dialysis and related physician and laboratory services. These changes establish a prospective method of payment for maintenance dialysis, whether furnished at home or in a hospital-based or independent dialysis facility, and revise other aspects of the reimbursement system to encourage home dialysis and provide incentives for economy and efficiency in furnishing these services. These amendments implement section 2145 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981. We expect that these changes will improve our administration of the end-stage renal disease program and enable us to control the rapidly growing costs of furnishing dialysis. The controls on quality of care that have been in effect since the beginning of the program will continue to apply. These regulations will also ensure access to care by providing for adequate reimbursement to isolated, essential facilities, where patients have no alternative sources of dialysis care. These regulations also provide for time-limited approval for Medicare participation of special purpose renal dialysis facilities. As a general rule we have not approved facilities such as transient or mobile units set up for emergency purposes or to serve vacationing dialysis patients in State parks and children's camps. This change in regulations will remove this limitation.

  13. Future Research and Policy Directions in Physician Reimbursement

    PubMed Central

    McMenamin, Peter

    1981-01-01

    Payments to physicians absorb the second largest share of the health care dollar in the United States. In 1979, the share was 19 percent of the total, or $40.6 billion (Gibson, 1980). The Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) alone spent $8.6 billion for physician services, representing approximately 16 percent of all public funds disbursed under HCFA programs. This paper presents an overview of various issues concerning physician reimbursement. Several major areas have been identified (access, cost, quality, and improving or refining the Office of Research, Demonstrations, and Statistics' [ORDS] research techniques for analyzing topics concerning physician reimbursement). Each area is introduced with a brief discussion of some of the problems associated with the physician reimbursement systems relating to that area. Selected results are then presented from the previous research in each area, along with descriptions of continuing studies currently underway. Each section concludes with a discussion of potential future directions for new research or data development. PMID:10309465

  14. Reimbursement versus effort in medical physics practice in radiation oncology.

    PubMed

    Herman, Michael G; Mills, Michael D; Gillin, Michael T

    2003-01-01

    The changes in health care reimbursement have the potential to affect the availability of quality medical physicist service in patient care. A survey was conducted by the AAPM Professional Council and the ACMP to collect cost information for special medical physics consultation, CPT4-77370 and continuing medical physics, CPT4-77336. The data collected from the survey was compared to current reimbursement schemes for a number of special procedures. Under varying reimbursement schemes, the costs of the medical physics services provided cannot be recaptured by the institution. It remains important for medical physicists to assess our utilization of resources and allocation to each of the services we provide and to understand the implications of policy changes at the federal and local levels.

  15. 21 CFR 868.5690 - Incentive spirometer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Incentive spirometer. 868.5690 Section 868.5690 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... provides an incentive to the patient to improve his or her ventilation. (b) Classification. Class...

  16. 75 FR 30007 - Teacher Incentive Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Teacher Incentive Fund Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Numbers: 84.385 and 84.374. AGENCY... FY 2010 (NIA) for the Teacher Incentive Fund. This notice makes a correction to the May 21 NIA....

  17. Incentive theory: IV. Magnitude of reward

    PubMed Central

    Killeen, Peter R.

    1985-01-01

    Incentive theory is successfully applied to data from experiments in which the amount of food reward is varied. This is accomplished by assuming that incentive value is a negatively accelerated function of reward duration. The interaction of the magnitude of a reward with its delay is confirmed, and the causes and implications of this interaction are discussed. PMID:16812421

  18. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  19. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  20. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  1. 12 CFR 708a.311 - Voting incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting incentives. 708a.311 Section 708a.311 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS BANK... raffle, every reference to such incentive made by the credit union in a written communication to...

  2. Building on Student Achievement through Incentive Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Saneik

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine if incentive programs like Renaissance impact high school students and faculty. Incentives can go a long way for students in schools. At Lehigh Senior High School (LSHS), for example, students were introduced to the Renaissance Program this school year, by receiving goodies. Coupons at Dairy Queen,…

  3. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  4. 28 CFR 544.43 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Incentives. 544.43 Section 544.43 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.43 Incentives. The Warden or designee...

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF INCENTIVE VALUES IN CHILDHOOD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WITRYOL, SAM L.; AND OTHERS

    THE USE OF REWARDS AS INCENTIVES TO INFLUENCE BEHAVIOR WAS STUDIED AND AN EVALUATION WAS MADE OF THE INCENTIVE VALUE OF EACH OF THE REWARDS. PORTABLE VERSIONS OF THE WISCONSIN GENERAL TEST APPARATUS WERE USED TO TEST 120 CHILDREN FROM GRADES 1, 3, AND 5. FOR A DISCRIMINATION LEARNING TEST EACH CHILD WAS PRESENTED 5 STIMULI THAT WERE SELECTED FROM…

  6. 7 CFR 3560.656 - Incentives offers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Incentives offers. 3560.656 Section 3560.656 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Housing Preservation § 3560.656 Incentives offers....

  7. 12 CFR 708a.12 - Voting incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Voting incentives. 708a.12 Section 708a.12 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS CONVERSION OF... reference to such incentive made by the credit union in a written communication to its members must...

  8. 75 FR 76079 - Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision... collection. Title of Proposal: Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance. OMB Number: 1550-0129. Form Number: N/A... principles and the guidance are consistent with the Principles for Sound Compensation Practices adopted...

  9. 75 FR 22679 - Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision... collection. Title of Proposal: Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance. OMB Number: 1550-0NEW. Form Number: N/A... principles and the guidance are consistent with the Principles for Sound Compensation Practices adopted...

  10. 75 FR 53023 - Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision... collection. Title of Proposal: Sound Incentive Compensation Guidance. OMB Number: 1550-0129. Form Number: N/A... principles and the guidance are consistent with the Principles for Sound Compensation Practices adopted...

  11. Reimbursement To Local Governments For Emergency Response To Hazardous Substance Releases Regulation Overview

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The purpose of the Local Governments Reimbursement (LGR) program is to provide funds, in the form of reimbursements for expenses, to local, county, and tribal governments that respond to a hazardous substance release in their jurisdiction.

  12. 78 FR 36035 - Proposed Information Collection Activity: [Beneficiary Travel Mileage Reimbursement Application...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection Activity: [Beneficiary Travel Mileage Reimbursement Application... expense in traveling to healthcare. DATES: Written comments and recommendations on the proposed collection... to ``OMB Control No. 2900--NEW (Beneficiary Travel Mileage Reimbursement Application Form)'' in...

  13. The Impact of Lottery Incentives on Student Survey Response Rates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Stephen R.; Whitcomb, Michael E.

    2003-01-01

    A controlled experiment tested the effects of lottery incentives using a prospective college applicant Web survey, with emails sent to more than 9,000 high school students. Found minimal effect of postpaid incentives for increasing levels of incentive. (EV)

  14. Incentive spirometer for bedside studies.

    PubMed

    Scheinhorn, D J; Warner, W; Ellis, E

    1982-06-01

    We evaluated an incentive spirometer (IS) for monitoring changes in lung function in hospitalized patients. Accuracy and reproducibility of IS measurements of known volumes were adequate (r = 0.87). Flow dependency was demonstrated but was not significant in the clinically useful range. Reproducibility of IS measurements in five normal subjects was good, with a small training effect uncovered. In 15 patients with asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease, change in IS values closely correlated with spirometrically measured changes in volume and flows (best correlation: IS versus FEV1/FVC%, r = 0.98) and in peak flow. The performance of the IS as tested and its availability in most hospitals outweigh its limitations. We advocate its use as an adjunct in monitoring progress of hospitalized patients with obstructive lung disease.

  15. 7 CFR 1486.403 - What expenditures may CCC reimburse under the program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETS PROGRAM Contributions and Reimbursements § 1486.403 What expenditures may CCC reimburse under the... authorized for reimbursement, but may be counted as a cost-share contribution to the project. (4) Travel... budget, excluding indirect costs. Market development cooperators, state regional trade groups,...

  16. 12 CFR 303.248 - Truth in Lending Act-Relief from reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Truth in Lending Act-Relief from reimbursement... PRACTICE FILING PROCEDURES Other Filings § 303.248 Truth in Lending Act—Relief from reimbursement. (a) Scope. This section applies to requests for relief from reimbursement pursuant to the Truth in...

  17. 20 CFR 404.999c - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 404... and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 404.999c What travel expenses are reimbursable. Reimbursable travel expenses include the ordinary expenses of public or private transportation as well...

  18. 20 CFR 404.999c - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 404... and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 404.999c What travel expenses are reimbursable. Reimbursable travel expenses include the ordinary expenses of public or private transportation as well...

  19. 20 CFR 404.999c - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 404... and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 404.999c What travel expenses are reimbursable. Reimbursable travel expenses include the ordinary expenses of public or private transportation as well...

  20. 20 CFR 404.999c - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What travel expenses are reimbursable. 404... and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 404.999c What travel expenses are reimbursable. Reimbursable travel expenses include the ordinary expenses of public or private transportation as well...

  1. Florida's Model of Nursing Home Medicaid Reimbursement for Disaster-Related Expenses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Kali S.; Hyer, Kathryn; Brown, Lisa M.; Polivka-West, LuMarie; Branch, Laurence G.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This study describes Florida's model of Medicaid nursing home (NH) reimbursement to compensate NHs for disaster-related expenses incurred as a result of 8 hurricanes within a 2-year period. This Florida model can serve as a demonstration for a national model for disaster-related reimbursement. Design and Methods: Florida reimburses NHs…

  2. 42 CFR 405.515 - Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services billed by physicians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services... Criteria for Determining Reasonable Charges § 405.515 Reimbursement for clinical laboratory services billed... limitation on reimbursement for markups on clinical laboratory services billed by physicians. If a...

  3. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  4. 42 CFR 489.34 - Allowable charges: Hospitals participating in State reimbursement control systems or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... reimbursement control systems or demonstration projects. 489.34 Section 489.34 Public Health CENTERS FOR... participating in State reimbursement control systems or demonstration projects. A hospital receiving payment for a covered hospital stay under either a State reimbursement control system approved under 1886(c)...

  5. 42 CFR 489.34 - Allowable charges: Hospitals participating in State reimbursement control systems or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... reimbursement control systems or demonstration projects. 489.34 Section 489.34 Public Health CENTERS FOR... participating in State reimbursement control systems or demonstration projects. A hospital receiving payment for a covered hospital stay under either a State reimbursement control system approved under 1886(c)...

  6. 30 CFR 550.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Reporting Requirements § 550.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a) BOEM will... retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction and...

  7. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Information and Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a... and retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction...

  8. 30 CFR 550.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Reporting Requirements § 550.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a) BOEM will... retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction and...

  9. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a) MMS will... retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction and...

  10. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... SHELF General Information and Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and... reproduction and processing costs separately from acquisition costs. (d) MMS will not reimburse you for...

  11. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Information and Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a... and retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction...

  12. 30 CFR 250.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Information and Reporting Requirements § 250.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a... and retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction...

  13. 30 CFR 550.196 - Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reimbursements for reproduction and processing... Reporting Requirements § 550.196 Reimbursements for reproduction and processing costs. (a) BOEM will... retains the information. (c) When you request reimbursement, you must identify reproduction and...

  14. 76 FR 30696 - Reimbursement for Costs of Remedial Action at Active Uranium and Thorium Processing Sites

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-26

    ... Reimbursement for Costs of Remedial Action at Active Uranium and Thorium Processing Sites AGENCY: Department of... eligible active uranium and thorium processing site licensees for reimbursement under Title X of the Energy... requires DOE to reimburse eligible uranium and thorium licensees for certain costs of...

  15. 75 FR 71677 - Reimbursement for Costs of Remedial Action at Active Uranium and Thorium Processing Sites

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-24

    ... Reimbursement for Costs of Remedial Action at Active Uranium and Thorium Processing Sites AGENCY: Department of... uranium and thorium processing site licensees for reimbursement under Title X of the Energy Policy Act of... requires DOE to reimburse eligible uranium and thorium licensees for certain costs of...

  16. 76 FR 24871 - Reimbursement for Costs of Remedial Action at Active Uranium and Thorium Processing Sites

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-03

    ... Reimbursement for Costs of Remedial Action at Active Uranium and Thorium Processing Sites AGENCY: Department of... from eligible active uranium and thorium processing site licensees for reimbursement under Title X of...). Title X requires DOE to reimburse eligible uranium and thorium licensees for certain costs...

  17. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  18. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  19. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  20. 48 CFR 252.228-7000 - Reimbursement for war-hazard losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reimbursement for war... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7000 Reimbursement for war-hazard losses. As prescribed in 228.370(a), use the following clause: Reimbursement for War-Hazard Losses (DEC 1991) (a) Costs...

  1. A neural computational model of incentive salience.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jun; Berridge, Kent C; Tindell, Amy J; Smith, Kyle S; Aldridge, J Wayne

    2009-07-01

    Incentive salience is a motivational property with 'magnet-like' qualities. When attributed to reward-predicting stimuli (cues), incentive salience triggers a pulse of 'wanting' and an individual is pulled toward the cues and reward. A key computational question is how incentive salience is generated during a cue re-encounter, which combines both learning and the state of limbic brain mechanisms. Learning processes, such as temporal-difference models, provide one way for stimuli to acquire cached predictive values of rewards. However, empirical data show that subsequent incentive values are also modulated on the fly by dynamic fluctuation in physiological states, altering cached values in ways requiring additional motivation mechanisms. Dynamic modulation of incentive salience for a Pavlovian conditioned stimulus (CS or cue) occurs during certain states, without necessarily requiring (re)learning about the cue. In some cases, dynamic modulation of cue value occurs during states that are quite novel, never having been experienced before, and even prior to experience of the associated unconditioned reward in the new state. Such cases can include novel drug-induced mesolimbic activation and addictive incentive-sensitization, as well as natural appetite states such as salt appetite. Dynamic enhancement specifically raises the incentive salience of an appropriate CS, without necessarily changing that of other CSs. Here we suggest a new computational model that modulates incentive salience by integrating changing physiological states with prior learning. We support the model with behavioral and neurobiological data from empirical tests that demonstrate dynamic elevations in cue-triggered motivation (involving natural salt appetite, and drug-induced intoxication and sensitization). Our data call for a dynamic model of incentive salience, such as presented here. Computational models can adequately capture fluctuations in cue-triggered 'wanting' only by incorporating

  2. 22 CFR 202.7 - Documentation required for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... VOLUNTARY NON-PROFIT RELIEF AGENCIES § 202.7 Documentation required for reimbursement. Claims for... relevant weights, cubic measurements, rates, and any applicable tariff surcharges. (2) To points of entry... statement of charges including all relevant weights, cubic measurements, rates and any applicable...

  3. 22 CFR 202.7 - Documentation required for reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... VOLUNTARY NON-PROFIT RELIEF AGENCIES § 202.7 Documentation required for reimbursement. Claims for... relevant weights, cubic measurements, rates, and any applicable tariff surcharges. (2) To points of entry... statement of charges including all relevant weights, cubic measurements, rates and any applicable...

  4. 42 CFR 57.313a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.313a Section 57.313a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS Nursing...

  5. 42 CFR 57.313a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.313a Section 57.313a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS Nursing...

  6. 47 CFR 24.247 - Triggering a reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... spectrum granted to the new entrant as compared to the total amount of spectrum UTAM is responsible for.... For example, if a new entrant obtains a license for 5 megahertz of spectrum in this band, it is... licensed spectrum, but will be entitled to seek reimbursement from UTAM for the proportion of those...

  7. 47 CFR 24.247 - Triggering a reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... spectrum granted to the new entrant as compared to the total amount of spectrum UTAM is responsible for.... For example, if a new entrant obtains a license for 5 megahertz of spectrum in this band, it is... licensed spectrum, but will be entitled to seek reimbursement from UTAM for the proportion of those...

  8. 47 CFR 24.247 - Triggering a reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... spectrum granted to the new entrant as compared to the total amount of spectrum UTAM is responsible for.... For example, if a new entrant obtains a license for 5 megahertz of spectrum in this band, it is... licensed spectrum, but will be entitled to seek reimbursement from UTAM for the proportion of those...

  9. 47 CFR 24.247 - Triggering a reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... spectrum granted to the new entrant as compared to the total amount of spectrum UTAM is responsible for.... For example, if a new entrant obtains a license for 5 megahertz of spectrum in this band, it is... licensed spectrum, but will be entitled to seek reimbursement from UTAM for the proportion of those...

  10. 47 CFR 24.247 - Triggering a reimbursement obligation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... spectrum granted to the new entrant as compared to the total amount of spectrum UTAM is responsible for.... For example, if a new entrant obtains a license for 5 megahertz of spectrum in this band, it is... licensed spectrum, but will be entitled to seek reimbursement from UTAM for the proportion of those...

  11. Reimbursement for Medical Genetics Services: A Selected Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut Univ., Farmington. Div. of Human Genetics.

    This bibliography cites genetics literature identified during a project to investigate the issue of accessibility to genetics services through the reimbursement process. Citations represent both traditional published literature and such "fugitive literature" as unpublished manuscripts, government documents, service provider protocols, and health…

  12. 10 CFR 140.22 - Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... required to have and maintain financial protection for each nuclear reactor as determined in § 140.11(a)(4... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements. 140.22 Section 140.22 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS...

  13. 10 CFR 140.22 - Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... required to have and maintain financial protection for each nuclear reactor as determined in § 140.11(a)(4... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements. 140.22 Section 140.22 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS...

  14. 76 FR 19909 - International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-11

    ... of Justice Programs 28 CFR Part 94 RIN 1121-AA78 International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement... Victims of Crime (OVC) is promulgating this interim-final rule for its International Terrorism Victim... as an incident of international terrorism. DATES: Effective date: This interim-final rule...

  15. 3 CFR - Providing Stability and Security for Medicare Reimbursements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Providing Stability and Security for Medicare... Stability and Security for Medicare Reimbursements Memorandum for the Secretary of Health and Human Services I have today signed into law H.R. 3962, the “Preservation of Access to Care for...

  16. 24 CFR 203.402a - Reimbursement for uncollected interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursement for uncollected interest. 203.402a Section 203.402a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  17. 24 CFR 203.402a - Reimbursement for uncollected interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reimbursement for uncollected interest. 203.402a Section 203.402a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  18. 24 CFR 203.402a - Reimbursement for uncollected interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reimbursement for uncollected interest. 203.402a Section 203.402a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  19. 24 CFR 203.402a - Reimbursement for uncollected interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reimbursement for uncollected interest. 203.402a Section 203.402a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  20. 24 CFR 203.402a - Reimbursement for uncollected interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reimbursement for uncollected interest. 203.402a Section 203.402a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  1. Creating Needs-Based Tiered Models for Assisted Living Reimbursement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell-White, Sandra; Gaboda, Dorothy; Rosato, Nancy Scotto; Lucas, Judith A.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: This research provides state policy makers and others interested in developing needs-based reimbursement models for Medicaid-funded assisted living with an evaluation of different methodologies that affect the structure and outcomes of these models. Design and Methods: We used assessment data from Medicaid-enrolled assisted living…

  2. 77 FR 37421 - Reimbursement Rates for Calendar Year 2012 Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Reimbursement Rates for Calendar Year 2012 Correction AGENCY... care provided by Indian Health Service facilities for Calendar Year 2012 for Medicare and...

  3. 14 CFR 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement for optional services. 1214.104 Section 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  4. 14 CFR 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Reimbursement for optional services. 1214.104 Section 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  5. 14 CFR 1214.103 - Reimbursement for standard services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Reimbursement for standard services. 1214.103 Section 1214.103 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  6. 14 CFR 1214.103 - Reimbursement for standard services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Reimbursement for standard services. 1214.103 Section 1214.103 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  7. 14 CFR 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement for optional services. 1214.104 Section 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  8. 14 CFR 1214.103 - Reimbursement for standard services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement for standard services. 1214.103 Section 1214.103 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  9. 14 CFR 1214.103 - Reimbursement for standard services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reimbursement for standard services. 1214.103 Section 1214.103 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  10. 14 CFR § 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement for optional services. § 1214.104 Section § 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S....

  11. 14 CFR 1214.104 - Reimbursement for optional services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Reimbursement for optional services. 1214.104 Section 1214.104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S. Government,...

  12. 14 CFR § 1214.103 - Reimbursement for standard services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Reimbursement for standard services. § 1214.103 Section § 1214.103 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SPACE FLIGHT General Provisions Regarding Space Shuttle Flights of Payloads for Non-U.S....

  13. 7 CFR 1484.56 - How are Cooperators reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How are Cooperators reimbursed? 1484.56 Section 1484.56 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORT PROGRAMS PROGRAMS TO HELP DEVELOP FOREIGN MARKETS FOR...

  14. 23 CFR 645.117 - Cost development and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... engineers, architects and others for services directly related to projects may be reimbursed. (c) Labor... project site. (iii) A reasonable cost for plant inspection and testing may be included in the costs of..., less a considertion for loss in service life at 10 percent. Materials recovered from the...

  15. 23 CFR 645.117 - Cost development and reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... engineers, architects and others for services directly related to projects may be reimbursed. (c) Labor... project site. (iii) A reasonable cost for plant inspection and testing may be included in the costs of..., less a considertion for loss in service life at 10 percent. Materials recovered from the...

  16. 34 CFR 682.709 - Reimbursements, refunds, and offsets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Reimbursements, refunds, and offsets. 682.709 Section 682.709 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (CONTINUED) FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL)...

  17. Employee Medical Reimbursement Plans in the Age of ERISA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosewater, Robert D.

    1976-01-01

    The employee medical reimbursement plan offers a new dimension in fringe benefits. This article discusses the purposes of such plans to determine who should adopt them, to guide draftsmen in their preparation, and to aid administrators and fiduciaries in their management. (LBH)

  18. 20 CFR 725.602 - Reimbursement of the fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursement of the fund. 725.602 Section 725.602 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED CLAIMS FOR BENEFITS UNDER PART C OF TITLE IV OF THE...

  19. 10 CFR 140.22 - Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... required to have and maintain financial protection for each nuclear reactor as determined in § 140.11(a)(4... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements. 140.22 Section 140.22 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS...

  20. 10 CFR 140.22 - Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... required to have and maintain financial protection for each nuclear reactor as determined in § 140.11(a)(4... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements. 140.22 Section 140.22 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS...

  1. 10 CFR 140.22 - Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... required to have and maintain financial protection for each nuclear reactor as determined in § 140.11(a)(4... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Commission guarantee and reimbursement agreements. 140.22 Section 140.22 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS...

  2. Special Education Tuition Reimbursement Claims: An Empirical Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayes, Thomas A.; Zirkel, Perry A.

    2001-01-01

    Using published court and hearing officer decisions regarding special education tuition reimbursement, this study found that the annual average number of such clams has increased over time, that there has been a significant difference in case outcomes between the administrative and judicial forums, but that differences in case outcomes did not…

  3. Medicaid: Medicaid: provider reimbursement--2005. End of Year Issue Brief.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Pat

    2005-12-31

    Since Title XIX of the Social Security Act was enacted in 1965, state Medicaid programs have operated under tight budget constraints. States have recognized that reimbursement rates, whether traditional fee-for-service rates or capitation rates for managed care providers, must be sufficient in order to ensure that Medicaid programs have enough providers to deliver care. However, states have often looked to save money by lowering payments to providers who deliver health care services to Medicaid beneficiaries. This cost crunch has resulted in provider payment rates that are often substantially below market rates. State legislatures, program administrators and providers have sought to find the proper balance between adequate levels of reimbursement and cost control measures. However, dissatisfaction with low reimbursement levels has caused some providers to cease participating in the Medicaid program. This has had a detrimental affect on Medicaid recipients' access to health services. States have become aware of the problem and have tried to revise their rates to find the elusive balance between adequate reimbursement and fiscal control.

  4. 42 CFR 413.5 - Cost reimbursement: General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    .... Depreciation will essentially be on an historical cost basis but since many institutions do not have adequate... assets acquired before 1966. For assets acquired after 1965, the historical cost basis must be used. All... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost reimbursement: General. 413.5 Section...

  5. 32 CFR 199.14 - Provider reimbursement methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... date the hospital is notified of the change. (2) CHAMPUS mental health per diem payment system. The CHAMPUS mental health per diem payment system shall be used to reimburse for inpatient mental health.... (i) Applicability of the mental health per diem payment system—(A) Hospitals and units covered....

  6. 7 CFR 1484.56 - How are Cooperators reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How are Cooperators reimbursed? 1484.56 Section 1484.56 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS PROGRAMS TO HELP DEVELOP FOREIGN MARKETS...

  7. 76 FR 37201 - Reimbursement Offsets for Medical Care or Services

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... Care or Services; Final Rule #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 122 / Friday, June 24, 2011 / Rules... Offsets for Medical Care or Services AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY... reimbursement of medical care and services delivered to veterans for nonservice-connected conditions. This...

  8. 50 CFR 86.71 - How will I be reimbursed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How will I be reimbursed? 86.71 Section 86.71 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM BOATING INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT...

  9. 14 CFR § 1214.202 - Reimbursement policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... for Shuttle Services Provided to Civil U.S. Government Users and Foreign Users Who Have Made... phases of Shuttle operations. The first phase is through the third full fiscal year of Shuttle operations... dedicated Shuttle flight during the first phase, NASA shall be reimbursed in an amount which is a...

  10. 48 CFR 52.249-6 - Termination (Cost-Reimbursement).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Termination (Cost-Reimbursement). 52.249-6 Section 52.249-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... complete termination inventory schedules no later than 120 days from the effective date of...

  11. 7 CFR 3015.84 - Request for advance or reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Request for advance or reimbursement. 3015.84 Section 3015.84 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) OFFICE OF THE CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE UNIFORM FEDERAL ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS Financial...

  12. 32 CFR 241.9 - Costs and reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Costs and reimbursements. 241.9 Section 241.9 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERSONNEL § 241.9 Costs...

  13. 42 CFR 57.213a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.213a Section 57.213a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS...

  14. 42 CFR 57.313a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.313a Section 57.313a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS Nursing...

  15. 42 CFR 57.313a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.313a Section 57.313a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS Nursing...

  16. 42 CFR 57.213a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.213a Section 57.213a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS...

  17. 42 CFR 57.213a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.213a Section 57.213a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS...

  18. 42 CFR 57.213a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.213a Section 57.213a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS...

  19. 42 CFR 57.313a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.313a Section 57.313a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS Nursing...

  20. 42 CFR 57.213a - Loan cancellation reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Loan cancellation reimbursement. 57.213a Section 57.213a Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHING FACILITIES, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, SCHOLARSHIPS AND STUDENT LOANS...

  1. 34 CFR 682.709 - Reimbursements, refunds, and offsets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reimbursements, refunds, and offsets. 682.709 Section 682.709 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL) PROGRAM...

  2. 20 CFR 416.1498 - What travel expenses are reimbursable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... based on economic considerations, such as the avoidance of additional subsistence costs that would be... that may be covered in connection with travel include, but are not limited to— (1) Ambulance services; (2) Attendant services; (3) Meals; (4) Lodging; and (5) Taxicabs. (c) If we reimburse you for...

  3. Nursing Home Discharges: The Results of an Incentive Reimbursement Experiment. Long-Term Care Studies Program Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Brenda J.; Meiners, Mark R.

    With improvements in medical technology and an increase in life expectancy, there also has been a substantial increase in the number of individuals with chronic diseases. The chronically ill elderly, who absorb an ever-growing proportion of our public and private resources, are of particular concern. This study analyzes findings from a major…

  4. An Incentive-Based Employee Fitness Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Jim

    1981-01-01

    As part of an incentives plan, Davidson Louisiana, Inc., a building products distributor, conducts a unique employee physical fitness program in which the participants are rewarded with credit toward expense paid vacations around the world. (JN)

  5. What nurses want: the nurse incentives project.

    PubMed

    Wieck, K Lynn; Dols, Jean; Northam, Sally

    2009-01-01

    Today's nurse executives are struggling with leadership challenges of managing the multigenerational workforce, financial imperatives to deliver better care for lower costs, and competition to provide the optimal work environment to retain nurses. The purpose of the Nurse Incentives Project was to determine satisfaction with current employment incentives and potential managerial actions which might decrease or delay turnover by registered nurses. This study spawned recommendations regarding the role of incentives in designing an environment where benefits and perks will be seen as incentives to stay and thrive in the current nursing workplace. The results show that nurses know what they want. Attention to generational priorities and flexible benefits programs may help to create the cohesive work environment that nurses seek. Investment into creating delivery arenas where satisfied nurses are caring for satisfied patients is a worthwhile goal.

  6. 48 CFR 16.402-2 - Performance incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Performance incentives. 16... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-2 Performance incentives. (a) Performance incentives may be considered in connection with specific product characteristics...

  7. 48 CFR 1852.216-88 - Performance incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Performance incentive. 1852... 1852.216-88 Performance incentive. As prescribed in 1816.406-70(f), insert the following clause: Performance Incentive (JAN 1997) (a) A performance incentive applies to the following hardware...

  8. 48 CFR 16.402-2 - Performance incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Performance incentives. 16... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-2 Performance incentives. (a) Performance incentives may be considered in connection with specific product characteristics...

  9. 48 CFR 1852.216-88 - Performance incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Performance incentive... 1852.216-88 Performance incentive. As prescribed in 1816.406-70(f), insert the following clause: Performance Incentive (JAN 1997) (a) A performance incentive applies to the following hardware...

  10. 26 CFR 1.422-2 - Incentive stock options defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Incentive stock options defined. 1.422-2 Section... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Certain Stock Options § 1.422-2 Incentive stock options defined. (a) Incentive stock option defined—(1) In general. The term incentive stock option means an option that...

  11. 26 CFR 1.422-2 - Incentive stock options defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Incentive stock options defined. 1.422-2 Section... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Certain Stock Options § 1.422-2 Incentive stock options defined. (a) Incentive stock option defined—(1) In general. The term incentive stock option means an option that...

  12. 26 CFR 1.422-2 - Incentive stock options defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Incentive stock options defined. 1.422-2 Section... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Certain Stock Options § 1.422-2 Incentive stock options defined. (a) Incentive stock option defined—(1) In general. The term incentive stock option means an option that...

  13. 26 CFR 1.422-2 - Incentive stock options defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Incentive stock options defined. 1.422-2 Section... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Certain Stock Options § 1.422-2 Incentive stock options defined. (a) Incentive stock option defined—(1) In general. The term incentive stock option means an option that...

  14. 45 CFR 305.31 - Amount of incentive payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... payment. (a) The incentive payment for a State for a fiscal year is equal to the incentive payment pool for the fiscal year, multiplied by the State incentive payment share for the fiscal year. (b) The incentive payment pool is: (1) $422,000,000 for fiscal year 2000; (2) $429,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;...

  15. 48 CFR 16.402-3 - Delivery incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Delivery incentives. 16... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-3 Delivery incentives. (a) Delivery incentives should be considered when improvement from a required delivery schedule is...

  16. 48 CFR 16.402-3 - Delivery incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Delivery incentives. 16... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.402-3 Delivery incentives. (a) Delivery incentives should be considered when improvement from a required delivery schedule is...

  17. 45 CFR 305.36 - Incentive phase-in.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incentive phase-in. 305.36 Section 305.36 Public... PROGRAM PERFORMANCE MEASURES, STANDARDS, FINANCIAL INCENTIVES, AND PENALTIES § 305.36 Incentive phase-in... year 2000, a State will receive two-thirds of what it would have received under the incentive...

  18. Unintended effects of reimbursement schedules in mental health care.

    PubMed

    Douven, Rudy; Remmerswaal, Minke; Mosca, Ilaria

    2015-07-01

    We evaluate the introduction of a reimbursement schedule for self-employed mental health care providers in the Netherlands in 2008. The reimbursement schedule follows a discontinuous discrete step function-once the provider has passed a treatment duration threshold the fee is flat until a next threshold is reached. We use administrative mental health care data of the total Dutch population from 2008 to 2010. We find an "efficiency" effect: on the flat part of the fee schedule providers reduce treatment duration by 2 to 7% compared to a control group. However, we also find unintended effects: providers treat patients longer to reach a next threshold and obtain a higher fee. The data shows gaps and bunches in the distribution function of treatment durations, just before and after a threshold. About 11 to 13% of treatments are shifted over a next threshold, resulting in a cost increase of approximately 7 to 9%.

  19. Cost accounting and public reimbursement schemes in Spanish hospitals.

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Martínez, Fernando; Abellán-Perpiñán, José-María; Martínez-Pérez, Jorge-Eduardo; Puig-Junoy, Jaume

    2006-08-01

    The objective of this paper is to provide a description and analysis of the main costing and pricing (reimbursement) systems employed by hospitals in the Spanish National Health System (NHS). Hospitals cost calculations are mostly based on a full costing approach as opposite to other systems like direct costing or activity based costing. Regional and hospital differences arise on the method used to allocate indirect costs to cost centres and also on the approach used to measure resource consumption. Costs are typically calculated by disaggregating expenditure and allocating it to cost centres, and then to patients and DRGs. Regarding public reimbursement systems, the impression is that unit costs are ignored, except for certain type of high technology processes and treatments.

  20. Adjustment of inpatient care reimbursement for nursing intensity.

    PubMed

    Welton, John M; Zone-Smith, Laurie; Fischer, Mary H

    2006-11-01

    The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has begun an ambitious recalibration of the inpatient prospective payment system, the first since its introduction in 1983. Unfortunately, inpatient nursing care has been overlooked in the new payment system and continues to be treated as a fixed cost and billed at a set per-diem "room and board" fee despite the known variability of nursing intensity across different care settings and diagnoses. This article outlines the historical influences regarding costing, billing, and reimbursement of inpatient nursing care and provides contemporary evidence about the variability of nursing intensity and costs at acute care hospitals in the United States. A remedy is proposed to overcome the existing limitations of the Inpatient Prospective Payment System by creating a new nursing cost center and nursing intensity adjustment by DRG for each routine-and intensive-care day of stay to allow independent costing, billing, and reimbursement of inpatient nursing care.

  1. Low Levels of Insurance Reimbursement Impede Access to Cochlear Implants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Low Levels of Insurance Reimbursement Impede Access to Cochlear Implants Cochlear implants enable many severely to profoundly hearing-impaired...a cochlear implant device and required professional services, can cost more than $40,000. But studies by other organizations show that the benefits of...using the technology generally outweigh the treatment costs. About 3,000 people received cochlear implants in the United States in 1999—a number

  2. HCPCS Coding: An Integral Part of Your Reimbursement Strategy

    PubMed Central

    Nusgart, Marcia

    2013-01-01

    The first step to a successful reimbursement strategy is to ensure that your wound care product has the most appropriate Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) code (or billing) for your product. The correct HCPCS code plays an essential role in patient access to new and existing technologies. When devising a strategy to obtain a HCPCS code for its product, companies must consider a number of factors as follows: (1) Has the product gone through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory process or does it need to do so? Will the FDA code designation impact which HCPCS code will be assigned to your product? (2) In what “site of service” do you intend to market your product? Where will your customers use the product? Which coding system (CPT® or HCPCS) applies to your product? (3) Does a HCPCS code for a similar product already exist? Does your product fit under the existing HCPCS code? (4) Does your product need a new HCPCS code? What is the linkage, if any, between coding, payment, and coverage for the product? Researchers and companies need to start early and place the same emphasis on a reimbursement strategy as it does on a regulatory strategy. Your reimbursement strategy staff should be involved early in the process, preferably during product research and development and clinical trial discussions. PMID:24761331

  3. HCPCS Coding: An Integral Part of Your Reimbursement Strategy.

    PubMed

    Nusgart, Marcia

    2013-12-01

    The first step to a successful reimbursement strategy is to ensure that your wound care product has the most appropriate Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) code (or billing) for your product. The correct HCPCS code plays an essential role in patient access to new and existing technologies. When devising a strategy to obtain a HCPCS code for its product, companies must consider a number of factors as follows: (1) Has the product gone through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory process or does it need to do so? Will the FDA code designation impact which HCPCS code will be assigned to your product? (2) In what "site of service" do you intend to market your product? Where will your customers use the product? Which coding system (CPT(®) or HCPCS) applies to your product? (3) Does a HCPCS code for a similar product already exist? Does your product fit under the existing HCPCS code? (4) Does your product need a new HCPCS code? What is the linkage, if any, between coding, payment, and coverage for the product? Researchers and companies need to start early and place the same emphasis on a reimbursement strategy as it does on a regulatory strategy. Your reimbursement strategy staff should be involved early in the process, preferably during product research and development and clinical trial discussions.

  4. Analysis of Federal incentives used to stimulate energy production

    SciTech Connect

    Cone, B.W.; Brenchley, D.L.; Brix, V.L.

    1980-02-01

    Solar energy's share in the national energy budget has caused policy makers to speculate on the reasons for the large difference between present and potential use. Complex technical, economic, legal, institutional, and political interrelationships appear and an attempt is made to present an understanding of that relationship and to enhance the design of solar energy policy. Federal incentives that have been previously used on other energy sources are examined and the report identifies, quantifies, and analyzes such incentives and relates them to current thought about solar energy. The chapters presented are: A Theoretical Approach to Analyzing Incentives for Energy Production; Generic Analysis of Energy Incentives; Nuclear Energy Incentives; Hydroenergy Incentives; Coal Energy Incentives; Oil Energy Incentives; Natural Gas Energy Incentives; and Electricity. Conclusions with respect to solar energy policy for each of these are summed. (MCW)

  5. Do Market Incentives Crowd Out Charitable Giving?

    PubMed Central

    Deck, Cary; Kimbrough, Erik O.

    2013-01-01

    Donations and volunteerism can be conceived as market transactions with a zero explicit price. However, evidence suggests people may not view zero as just another price when it comes to pro-social behavior. Thus, while markets might be expected to increase the supply of assets available to those in need, some worry such financial incentives will crowd out altruistic giving. This paper reports laboratory experiments directly investigating the degree to which market incentives crowd out large, discrete charitable donations in a setting related to deceased organ donation. The results suggest markets increase the supply of assets available to those in need. However, as some critics fear, market incentives disproportionately influence the relatively poor. PMID:24348002

  6. Incentive relativity in middle aged rats.

    PubMed

    Justel, N; Mustaca, A; Boccia, M; Ruetti, E

    2014-01-24

    Response to a reinforcer is affected by prior experience with different reward values of that reward, a phenomenon known as incentive relativity. Two different procedures to study this phenomenon are the incentive downshift (ID) and the consummatory anticipatory negative contrast (cANC), the former is an emotional-cognitive protocol and the latter cognitive one. Aged rodents, as also well described in aged humans, exhibit alterations in cognitive functions. The main goal of this work was to evaluate the effect of age in the incentive' assessment using these two procedures. The results indicated that aged rats had an adequate assessment of the rewards but their performance is not completely comparable to that of young subjects. They recover faster from the ID and they had a cognitive impairment in the cANC. The results are discussed in relation to age-related changes in memory and emotion.

  7. Incentive spirometry: its value after cardiac surgery.

    PubMed

    Gale, G D; Sanders, D E

    1980-09-01

    Treatment with intermittent positive pressure breathing (IPPB) and incentive spirometry (I.S.) was compared in 109 patients after heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Assessment was done by measurement of vital capacity, arterial oxygen tension and identification of the radiological signs of atelectasis. All patients were instructed pre-operatively in the treatment which was to be used. Vital capacity, arterial oxygen tension while breathing air for the first three postoperative days and the incidence of atelectasis showed no significant difference between groups. Ten minutes after treatment the arterial oxygen tension fell, but this was only statistically significant after I.P.P.B. At 60 minutes the arterial oxygen tension had returned to pretreatment level in both groups. The use of the incentive spirometer four times daily is no better than I.P.P.B., in preventing atelectasis after open-heart surgery. Possibly incentive spirometer treatment given more frequently may be more effective.

  8. Powerplant productivity improvements and regulatory incentives

    SciTech Connect

    Hardy, D; Brown, D

    1980-10-27

    The purpose of this study was to examine the benefits to be gained from increased powerplant productivity and to validate and demonstrate the use of incentives within the regulatory process to promote the improvement of powerplant productivity. The system-wide costs savings to be gained from given productivity improvement scenarios are estimated in both the short and long term. Numerous reports and studies exist which indicate that productivity improvements at the powerplant level are feasible and cost effective. The efforts of this study widen this focus and relate system-wide productivity improvements with system-wide cost savings. The initial thrust of the regulatory section of this study is to validate the existence of reasonable incentive procedures which would enable regulatory agencies to better motivate electric utilities to improve productivity on both the powerplant and system levels. The voluntary incentive format developed in this study was designed to facilitate the link between profit and efficiency which is typically not clear in most regulated market environments. It is concluded that at the present time, many electric utilities in this country could significantly increase the productivity of their base load units, and the adoption of an incentive program of the general type recommended in this study would add to rate of return regulation the needed financial incentives to enable utilities to make such improvements without losing long-run profit. In light of the upcoming oil import target levels and mandatory cutbacks of oil and gas as boiler fuels for electric utilities, the use of incentive programs to encourage more efficient utilization of coal and nuclear base load capacity will become far more inviting over the next two decades.

  9. 7 CFR 1484.55 - What expenditures may not be reimbursed under the Cooperator program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... PROGRAMS TO HELP DEVELOP FOREIGN MARKETS FOR AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Contributions and Reimbursements... and meals at Cooperator staff conferences) at which target groups, such as members of the...

  10. Federal Tax Incentives for Battery Storage Systems

    SciTech Connect

    2017-01-01

    Investments in renewable energy can be more attractive with the contribution of two key federal tax incentives. NREL provides basic information about the investment tax credit (ITC) and the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) depreciation deduction, which may apply to battery storage systems owned by a private party (i.e., a tax-paying business).

  11. Incentives for Cheating Given Imperfect Detection

    SciTech Connect

    Canavan, G.H.

    1998-10-01

    The incentives for cheating given imperfect detection can be discussed within the context of first strike stability. The cost reduction due to is balanced against the sanctions that would be imposed if cheating was detected. For small political sanctions, the optimum level is at high levels of cheating. For large sanctions, the optimum is at quite low levels, which discourages cheating.

  12. 75 FR 71325 - Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... specific impacts, and these impacts ] affect a host of non-market valued attributes ecosystem services... Conservation Service 7 CFR Part 636 RIN 0578-AA49 Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program AGENCY: Commodity Credit Corporation, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture. ACTION:...

  13. 36 CFR 906.7 - Incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... POLICY AND PROCEDURE Development Program § 906.7 Incentives. (a) At the request of the developer, the... the developer's compliance with the goals set forth in the approved Affirmative Action Plan... the developer 120 days to achieve at least that level of compliance. If, at the end of that 120...

  14. Incentives in IT Yield Success at MIT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Mary

    2001-01-01

    Describes the role of information technology (IT) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, explaining that attention to the unique characteristics of an MIT education and incentives for sustainable change are central to its IT efforts. Discusses various IT initiatives, such as Project Athena, provision on campus, international efforts, and…

  15. 12 CFR 708a.12 - Voting incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Voting incentives. 708a.12 Section 708a.12... CONVERSIONS AND MERGERS Conversion of Insured Credit Unions to Mutual Savings Banks § 708a.12 Voting..., § 708a.12 was redesignated as § 708a.112, effective Jan. 27, 2011....

  16. Early Retirement Incentive Programs for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarter, Scott E.; McCarthy, Martha M.

    1989-01-01

    Despite their popularity, early retirement incentive programs (ERIPs) remain controversial. Although early retirement may be appealing to some teachers, others bristle at being shoved into retirement. Following a historical overview, this article summarizes recent state legislation and addresses ERIP legal status under the Age Discrimination in…

  17. Incentive Issues in Information Security Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Chul Ho

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation studies three incentive issues in information security management. The first essay studies contract issues between a firm that outsources security functions and a managed security service provider (MSSP) that provides security functions to the firm. Since MSSP and firms cannot observe each other's actions, both can suffer…

  18. Rewarding Excellence: Teacher Compensation and Incentive Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amundson, Kristen J.

    This monograph provides information on the many aspects of teacher compensation and incentive plans, focusing on those programs that seek to attract and retain high-quality teachers in the profession. Information was synthesized from reports provided by various school districts around the nation. The monograph presents state-by-state data on…

  19. Cost Reduction Incentive Awards. 1981 Winners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.

    Brief descriptions of 47 college programs recognized for awards in the National Association of College and University Officers/U. S. Steel Foundation Cost Reduction Incentive Awards Program are given. They include awards for: shower stall repair; chemical waste exchange; vibrating alarms for hearing-imparied; self-funding insurance consortium;…

  20. Financial Incentives to Promote Active Travel

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Adam; Suhrcke, Marc; Ogilvie, David

    2012-01-01

    Context Financial incentives, including taxes and subsidies, can be used to encourage behavior change. They are common in transport policy for tackling externalities associated with use of motor vehicles, and in public health for influencing alcohol consumption and smoking behaviors. Financial incentives also offer policymakers a compromise between “nudging,” which may be insufficient for changing habitual behavior, and regulations that restrict individual choice. Evidence acquisition The literature review identified studies published between January 1997 and January 2012 of financial incentives relating to any mode of travel in which the impact on active travel, physical activity, or obesity levels was reported. It encompassed macroenvironmental schemes, such as gasoline taxes, and microenvironmental schemes, such as employer-subsidized bicycles. Five relevant reviews and 20 primary studies (of which nine were not included in the reviews) were identified. Evidence synthesis The results show that more-robust evidence is required if policymakers are to maximize the health impact of fiscal policy relating to transport schemes of this kind. Conclusions Drawing on a literature review and insights from the SLOTH (sleep, leisure, occupation, transportation, and home-based activities) time-budget model, this paper argues that financial incentives may have a larger role in promoting walking and cycling than is acknowledged generally. PMID:23159264

  1. Motivation and Incentives in Manpower Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cogan, Eugene A.

    Except for several Human Resources Research Organization studies of the military, no systematic study has been made of the effects of attitudes and incentives on manpower availability. One such study explored the effects of early Army experience in the career orientation of Army recruits and found that early positive motivation for service was…

  2. Targeted Business Incentives and Local Labor Markets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freedman, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses a regression discontinuity design to examine the effects of geographically targeted business incentives on local labor markets. Unlike elsewhere in the United States, enterprise zone (EZ) designations in Texas are determined in part by a cutoff rule based on census block group poverty rates. Exploiting this discontinuity as a…

  3. High-Performance Government: Structure, Leadership, Incentives

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-01-01

    responses to incentive systems vary as a function of school and classroom context characteristics, including the ability lev- els of students in their... management approaches that af- ford agencies far more flexibility and responsiveness in packaging at- tractive job offers at the entry level, while...with lean, senior management levels, composed of operating agencies sharing similar substantive responsibilities . Government leaders would have the

  4. Employment Testing and Incentives To Learn.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, John

    Employment tests predict job performance because they measure or are correlated with a large set of malleable developed abilities, which are causally related to productivity. Our economy currently under-rewards the achievements that are measured by these tests. Consequently, economic incentives to study hard in high school are minimal, and this…

  5. Incentives, School Organization and Teacher Compensation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odden, Allan

    In order for teacher compensation to serve as an incentive that reinforces broader organizational goals, the norms of the compensation structure must be aligned with the norms of the school organization. The first section of this paper presents a brief overview of changes in teacher compensation from 1820 to 1950. It describes how such changes…

  6. Teacher Incentives: A Tool for Effective Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cresap, McCormick, and Paget, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Teacher incentive systems enable school districts to address the current concerns of their constituencies: teachers' concern with salaries, administrators' concern for attracting good people into the teaching profession, and community concern that increased expenditures for teacher salaries have not improved education. Accordingly, this handbook…

  7. The Cornell Staff Retirement Incentive Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whelan, Kenneth T.; Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Hallock, Kevin F.; Seeber, Ronald L.

    2011-01-01

    We evaluate potential determinants of enrollment in an early retirement incentive program for non-tenure-track employees at a large university. Using administrative records on the eligible, population of employees not covered by collective bargaining agreements, historical employee count and layoff data by budget units, and public information on…

  8. Incentives, Teachers, and Gender at Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robert, Sarah A.

    2013-01-01

    Incentive pay programs have become panacea for a multitude of educational challenges. When aimed at teachers the assumption is that rewards entice them to work in particular ways or particular schools. However, the assumption is based on an economic formula that does not take into consideration the gendered nature of policy processes. This study…

  9. Incentives, equity and the Able Chooser Problem.

    PubMed

    Grill, Kalle

    2017-03-01

    Health incentive schemes aim to produce healthier behaviours in target populations. They may do so both by making incentivised options more salient and by making them less costly. Changes in costs only result in healthier behaviour if the individual rationally assesses the cost change and acts accordingly. Not all people do this well. Those who fail to respond rationally to incentives will typically include those who are least able to make prudent choices more generally. This group will typically include the least advantaged more generally, since disadvantage inhibits one's effective ability to choose well and since poor choices tend to cause or aggravate disadvantage. Therefore, within the target population, health benefits to the better off may come at the cost of aggravated inequity. This is one instance of a problem I name the Able Chooser Problem, previously emphasised by Richard Arneson in relation to coercive paternalism. I describe and discuss this problem by distinguishing between policy options and their effects on the choice situation of individuals. Both positive and negative incentives, as well as mandates that are less than perfectly effective, require some sort of rational deliberation and action and so face the Able Chooser Problem. In contrast, effective restriction of what options are physically available, as well as choice context design that makes some options more salient or appealing, does not demand rational agency. These considerations provide an equity-based argument for preferring smart design of our choice and living environment to incentives and mandates.

  10. Economic Incentives for Stormwater Control (ISBN9781439845608)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Addressing a huge knowledge gap from a policy perspective, this book focuses on the economic tools available for stormwater runoff control. It provides case studies demonstrating the application of various incentives, such as tradable credits, fees with rebates, and auction mecha...

  11. 48 CFR 1816.402-2 - Performance incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Performance incentives. 1816.402-2 Section 1816.402-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Performance incentives....

  12. 48 CFR 1816.402-2 - Performance incentives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Performance incentives. 1816.402-2 Section 1816.402-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Performance incentives....

  13. Glossary – dCHPP (CHP Policies and incentives database)

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This glossary provides descriptions of the policy and incentive types included in the CHP Partnership's CHP Policies and incentives database (dCHPP), as well as the frequency with which the EPA updates each type.

  14. Recovery Act Incentives for Wind Energy Equipment Manufacturing

    SciTech Connect

    2009-10-01

    This document lists some of the federal incentives available to manufacturers of wind energy equipment. These incentives were authorized by or expanded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

  15. Incentives May Spur Poor Families to Buy More Fruits, Veggies

    MedlinePlus

    ... news/fullstory_163124.html Incentives May Spur Poor Families to Buy More Fruits, Veggies Many may not ... HealthDay News) -- A quick chat with low-income families about financial incentives to eat more fruits and ...

  16. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... establishing the final contract price by a formula based on the relationship of final negotiated total cost to total target cost. Fixed-price incentive contracts are covered in subpart 16.4, Incentive Contracts....

  17. Role of budget impact in drug reimbursement decisions.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Joshua Parsons; Stolk, Elly; Niezen, Maartje

    2008-04-01

    There are three known criteria that underlie drug reimbursement decisions: therapeutic value, cost-effectiveness, and burden of disease. However, evidence from recent reimbursement decisions in several jurisdictions points to residual, unexplained variables, among which is budget impact. Budget impact refers to the total costs that drug reimbursement and use entail with respect to one part of the health care system, pharmaceutical care, or to the entire health care system, taking into account the possible reallocation of resources across budgets or sectors of the health care system. The economic and equity rationale for carrying out budget impact analyses is opportunity cost, or benefits forgone, measured in terms of utility or equitable distribution, by using resources in one way rather than another. In other words, by choosing to draw down the budget in one way, decision makers forgo other opportunities to use the same resources. Under a set of unrealistic assumptions, cost-effectiveness analysis accounts for opportunity cost while conveying to the decision maker the price of maximizing health gains, subject to a budget or resource constraint. However, the underlying assumptions are implausible, particularly in the context of pharmaceutical care. Moreover, budget impact analysis is more useful to the decision maker than cost-effectiveness analysis if the objective is not to maximize health gains subject to a budget or resource constraint, but to reduce variance in health gains. With respect to equitable distribution, budget impact analyses lay bare the individuals or groups who lose out - those who bear the opportunity cost of spending resources in accordance with one decision rule rather than another.

  18. Proton Therapy Expansion Under Current United States Reimbursement Models

    SciTech Connect

    Kerstiens, John; Johnstone, Peter A.S.

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To determine whether all the existing and planned proton beam therapy (PBT) centers in the United States can survive on a local patient mix that is dictated by insurers, not by number of patients. Methods and Materials: We determined current and projected cancer rates for 10 major US metropolitan areas. Using published utilization rates, we calculated patient percentages who are candidates for PBT. Then, on the basis of current published insurer coverage policies, we applied our experience of what would be covered to determine the net number of patients for whom reimbursement is expected. Having determined the net number of covered patients, we applied our average beam delivery times to determine the total number of minutes needed to treat that patient over the course of their treatment. We then calculated our expected annual patient capacity per treatment room to determine the appropriate number of treatment rooms for the area. Results: The population of patients who will be both PBT candidates and will have treatments reimbursed by insurance is significantly smaller than the population who should receive PBT. Coverage decisions made by insurers reduce the number of PBT rooms that are economically viable. Conclusions: The expansion of PBT centers in the US is not sustainable under the current reimbursement model. Viability of new centers will be limited to those operating in larger regional metropolitan areas, and few metropolitan areas in the US can support multiple centers. In general, 1-room centers require captive (non–PBT-served) populations of approximately 1,000,000 lives to be economically viable, and a large center will require a population of >4,000,000 lives. In areas with smaller populations or where or a PBT center already exists, new centers require subsidy.

  19. Regulatory and reimbursement issues regarding endoscopic bariatric procedures.

    PubMed

    Schwaitzberg, Steven D

    2011-04-01

    Although innovation marches forward and places new therapeutic options at our doorsteps, the regulatory and payer environment must be considered if any of these new opportunities will be available in the clinical mainstream. Endolumenal treatment of bariatric disease will face many of the same challenges as those the endolumenal treatment of gastroesophageal reflux has faced over the last decade. In an era of shrinking health care dollars, the challenge of reimbursement will be significant. Strategies for the implementation of endolumenal therapies for the treatment of obesity must include a data-driven approach that addresses not only regulatory but also financial concerns to be successful.

  20. ED case managers are crucial to help maximize reimbursement.

    PubMed

    2011-08-01

    As payers tighten their belts and recoup payments for inappropriate care and regulators increase penalties for fraud and abuse, hospitals need to ensure all admissions are appropriate and patient are placed in the right level of care. Hospitals are likely to have to return reimbursement for patients who don't meet inpatient criteria. Improper admissions can exacerbate capacity problems and result in hospital-acquired conditions. Correcting inappropriate admissions retrospectively can be a red flag to auditors. ED case managers can impact length of stay by ensuring that care starts in the emergency department.

  1. Accounting and reimbursement schemes for inpatient care in France.

    PubMed

    Bellanger, Martine M; Tardif, Laurent

    2006-08-01

    The new French case-mix system of hospital payment was adopted in 2004 for public hospitals and in March 2005 for private-for-profit hospitals. Implementing this reform requires a period of transition but the challenges ahead can already be predicted. Prices will have to change before this mode of reimbursement can have any real impact. This requires producing more detailed hospital cost data and using fine measuring tools such as the cost accounting method developed for use in this context. This article describes and analyses the main tools and methods selected to implement the new French prospective payment system.

  2. Transitional care management reimbursement to reduce COPD readmission.

    PubMed

    Kangovi, Shreya; Grande, David

    2014-01-01

    Reducing preventable readmissions for COPD is an important national health policy goal. Thus far, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) policies focused on incentivizing improvements in inpatient quality have had variable success. In its 2013 physician-payment rule, CMS announced new payments that reimburse ambulatory care providers for timely posthospital visits and transitional care management services. CMS hopes that posthospital transitional care and services will substitute for readmission, but the evidence supporting this hypothesis is mixed. In this article, we discuss ways for ambulatory pulmonologists to leverage transitional care management payments to enhance access for their patients with COPD while minimizing the risk of a paradoxic increase in readmission rates.

  3. 46 CFR 393.5 - Incentives, Impediments and Solutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Incentives, Impediments and Solutions. 393.5 Section 393... AMERICA'S MARINE HIGHWAY PROGRAM § 393.5 Incentives, Impediments and Solutions. (a) Summary. The purpose of this section is to identify short term incentives and solutions to impediments in order...

  4. 46 CFR 393.5 - Incentives, Impediments and Solutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Incentives, Impediments and Solutions. 393.5 Section 393... AMERICA'S MARINE HIGHWAY PROGRAM § 393.5 Incentives, Impediments and Solutions. (a) Summary. The purpose of this section is to identify short term incentives and solutions to impediments in order...

  5. 46 CFR 393.5 - Incentives, Impediments and Solutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Incentives, Impediments and Solutions. 393.5 Section 393... AMERICA'S MARINE HIGHWAY PROGRAM § 393.5 Incentives, Impediments and Solutions. (a) Summary. The purpose of this section is to identify short term incentives and solutions to impediments in order...

  6. 42 CFR 495.310 - Medicaid provider incentive payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... any later than CY 2016. (2) Subsequent annual payment years. (i) For subsequent payment years, payment... receiving incentive payments for any year after FY 2016, and after FY 2016, a hospital may not receive an incentive payment unless it received an incentive payment in the prior fiscal year. (6) Prior to FY...

  7. The Effect of Incentives on Achievement & Behavior of Disadvantaged Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnard, Douglas P.

    The Mesa School District (Arizona) "Incentives Only" Project--carried out via a performance contract with the U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity in 1970-71 through the Mesa Education Association (MEA)--is described in terms of rationale for the use of incentives, background, program procedures, the incentives model, the delivery system,…

  8. 49 CFR 538.9 - Dual fuel vehicle incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MANUFACTURING INCENTIVES FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES § 538.9 Dual fuel vehicle incentive. The application of 49 U.S.C. 32905(b) and (d) to qualifying dual fuel vehicles... 49 Transportation 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Dual fuel vehicle incentive. 538.9 Section...

  9. 49 CFR 538.9 - Dual fuel vehicle incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MANUFACTURING INCENTIVES FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES § 538.9 Dual fuel vehicle incentive. The application of 49 U.S.C. 32905(b) and (d) to qualifying dual fuel vehicles... 49 Transportation 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Dual fuel vehicle incentive. 538.9 Section...

  10. 49 CFR 538.9 - Dual fuel vehicle incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MANUFACTURING INCENTIVES FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES § 538.9 Dual fuel vehicle incentive. The application of 49 U.S.C. 32905(b) and (d) to qualifying dual fuel vehicles... 49 Transportation 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Dual fuel vehicle incentive. 538.9 Section...

  11. 49 CFR 538.9 - Dual fuel vehicle incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MANUFACTURING INCENTIVES FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES § 538.9 Dual fuel vehicle incentive. The application of 49 U.S.C. 32905(b) and (d) to qualifying dual fuel vehicles... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dual fuel vehicle incentive. 538.9 Section...

  12. 49 CFR 538.9 - Dual fuel vehicle incentive.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MANUFACTURING INCENTIVES FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES § 538.9 Dual fuel vehicle incentive. The application of 49 U.S.C. 32905(b) and (d) to qualifying dual fuel vehicles... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Dual fuel vehicle incentive. 538.9 Section...

  13. 10 CFR 451.6 - Duration of incentive payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Duration of incentive payments. 451.6 Section 451.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.6 Duration of incentive... part with respect to a qualified renewable energy facility for 10 consecutive fiscal years. Such...

  14. 10 CFR 451.6 - Duration of incentive payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Duration of incentive payments. 451.6 Section 451.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.6 Duration of incentive... part with respect to a qualified renewable energy facility for 10 consecutive fiscal years. Such...

  15. 10 CFR 451.6 - Duration of incentive payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duration of incentive payments. 451.6 Section 451.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.6 Duration of incentive... part with respect to a qualified renewable energy facility for 10 consecutive fiscal years. Such...

  16. 10 CFR 451.6 - Duration of incentive payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Duration of incentive payments. 451.6 Section 451.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.6 Duration of incentive... part with respect to a qualified renewable energy facility for 10 consecutive fiscal years. Such...

  17. 10 CFR 451.6 - Duration of incentive payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Duration of incentive payments. 451.6 Section 451.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION INCENTIVES § 451.6 Duration of incentive... part with respect to a qualified renewable energy facility for 10 consecutive fiscal years. Such...

  18. 42 CFR 495.102 - Incentive payments to EPs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Incentive payments to EPs. 495.102 Section 495.102... PROGRAM Requirements Specific to the Medicare Program § 495.102 Incentive payments to EPs. (a) General...) Increase in incentive payment limit for EPs who predominantly furnish services in a geographic HPSA. In...

  19. 33 CFR 402.5 - New Business Incentive Program

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false New Business Incentive Program..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TARIFF OF TOLLS § 402.5 New Business Incentive Program (a) To be eligible for the rebate applicable under the New Business Incentive Program, a carrier must submit an...

  20. 33 CFR 402.5 - New Business Incentive Program

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false New Business Incentive Program..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TARIFF OF TOLLS § 402.5 New Business Incentive Program (a) To be eligible for the rebate applicable under the New Business Incentive Program, a carrier must submit an...

  1. 75 FR 36395 - Guidance on Sound Incentive Compensation Policies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Thrift Supervision Guidance on Sound Incentive Compensation Policies... 2009, the Federal Reserve issued and requested comment on Proposed Guidance on Sound Incentive.... In addition, because sound incentive compensation practices are important to protect the safety...

  2. 45 CFR 96.87 - Leveraging incentive program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 97-35 (42 U.S.C. 8626a). (2)(i) The only entities eligible to receive leveraging incentive funds from... period for which leveraging incentive funds are sought; and tribes and tribal organizations described in... under section 2602(b) in the award period, will receive leveraging incentive funds allocable to them...

  3. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Insurance 228.311 Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  4. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Insurance 228.311 Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  5. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Insurance 228.311 Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  6. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Insurance 228.311 Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  7. 48 CFR 228.311 - Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts. 228.311 Section 228.311 Federal... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Insurance 228.311 Solicitation provision and contract clause on liability insurance under cost-reimbursement contracts....

  8. 48 CFR 52.246-5 - Inspection of Services-Cost-Reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-Reimbursement (APR 1984) (a) Definition. Services, as used in this clause, includes services performed... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inspection of Services... Provisions and Clauses 52.246-5 Inspection of Services—Cost-Reimbursement. As prescribed in 46.305,...

  9. 11 CFR 9004.6 - Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... made available to media personnel; reimbursements. 9004.6 Section 9004.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL... to media personnel; reimbursements. (a) General. (1) Expenditures by an authorized committee for..., telephone service, typewriters, and computers) provided to media personnel, Secret Service personnel...

  10. 11 CFR 9034.6 - Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... made available to media personnel; reimbursements. 9034.6 Section 9034.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL... § 9034.6 Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements... computers) provided to media personnel, Secret Service personnel or national security staff will...

  11. 48 CFR 52.236-18 - Work Oversight in Cost-Reimbursement Construction Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Provisions and Clauses 52.236-18 Work Oversight in Cost-Reimbursement Construction Contracts. As prescribed... construction contracts are contemplated: Work Oversight in Cost-Reimbursement Construction Contracts (APR 1984... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Work Oversight in...

  12. 48 CFR 52.236-18 - Work Oversight in Cost-Reimbursement Construction Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Provisions and Clauses 52.236-18 Work Oversight in Cost-Reimbursement Construction Contracts. As prescribed... construction contracts are contemplated: Work Oversight in Cost-Reimbursement Construction Contracts (APR 1984... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Work Oversight in...

  13. 10 CFR 7.18 - Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and consultants. 7.18 Section 7.18 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.18 Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory...

  14. Education Program Cost Reimbursement in University Hospitals. Is There a Coherent National Policy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeddeloh, Norman P.

    1981-01-01

    Medicare reimbursement for educational program costs is a quagmire of conflicting rules, regulations, laws, procedures, and precedents. The reimbursement principles in force fail to recognize the special value to patient care provided by the integration of the university hospital with an academic health sciences center and are illogical and…

  15. 11 CFR 9034.6 - Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... made available to media personnel; reimbursements. 9034.6 Section 9034.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL... § 9034.6 Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements... computers) provided to media personnel, Secret Service personnel or national security staff will...

  16. 11 CFR 9004.6 - Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... made available to media personnel; reimbursements. 9004.6 Section 9004.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL... to media personnel; reimbursements. (a) General. (1) Expenditures by an authorized committee for..., telephone service, typewriters, and computers) provided to media personnel, Secret Service personnel...

  17. 75 FR 790 - Federal Travel Regulation; Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-06

    ...] RIN 3090-AJ01 Federal Travel Regulation; Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement AGENCY: Office... amending the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) to update the mileage reimbursement rates for using a privately owned automobile (POA), motorcycle or airplane for official travel. The new rates reflect...

  18. 20 CFR 404.999d - When and how to claim reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 404.999d When and how to claim reimbursement. (a)(1) Generally, you will be reimbursed for your expenses after your trip. However, travel advances may be... travel, unless the costs are unexpected or unavoidable. If they are unexpected or unavoidable we or...

  19. 20 CFR 416.1499 - When and how to claim reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Determinations and Decisions Payment of Certain Travel Expenses § 416.1499 When and how to claim reimbursement. (a)(1) Generally, you will be reimbursed for your expenses after your trip. However, travel advances... advance of travel, unless the costs are unexpected or unavoidable. If they are unexpected or...

  20. 32 CFR 623.6 - Reimbursement for loan of Army materiel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... EQUIPMENT LOAN OF ARMY MATERIEL § 623.6 Reimbursement for loan of Army materiel. (a) Reimbursement policies and procedures—(1) Policies. (i) DA elements do not program for costs related to loan of Army materiel... pay a fair monetary rental. The fair monetary rental will be determined on the basis of...

  1. 41 CFR 301-11.31 - Are laundry, cleaning and pressing of clothing expenses reimbursable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Are laundry, cleaning and pressing of clothing expenses reimbursable? 301-11.31 Section 301-11.31 Public Contracts and... clothing expenses reimbursable? Yes. The expenses incurred for laundry, cleaning and pressing of...

  2. 23 CFR 230.117 - Reimbursement procedures (Federal-aid highway construction projects only).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reimbursement procedures (Federal-aid highway construction projects only). 230.117 Section 230.117 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Construction Contracts (Including Supportive Services) § 230.117 Reimbursement procedures (Federal-aid...

  3. Vending Reimbursable Lunches to High School Students: A Study of Two Successes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carr, Deborah H.; Cross, Evelina W.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: The objectives were to investigate the operational requirements for offering healthful vended reimbursable lunches to students and to identify barriers to implementation. Methods: A descriptive case study method was utilized to explore the operations of two school nutrition programs offering vended reimbursable lunches. Two school…

  4. 10 CFR 7.18 - Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and consultants. 7.18 Section 7.18 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.18 Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory...

  5. 10 CFR 7.18 - Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and consultants. 7.18 Section 7.18 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.18 Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory...

  6. 10 CFR 7.18 - Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and consultants. 7.18 Section 7.18 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.18 Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory...

  7. 10 CFR 7.18 - Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory committee members, staffs, and consultants. 7.18 Section 7.18 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 7.18 Appointment, compensation, and expense reimbursement of advisory...

  8. 41 CFR 301-10.452 - May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... personal accident insurance? 301-10.452 Section 301-10.452 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal...-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Special Conveyances Rental Automobiles § 301-10.452 May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance? No. That is a personal expense and is not reimbursable....

  9. 41 CFR 301-10.452 - May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... personal accident insurance? 301-10.452 Section 301-10.452 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal...-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Special Conveyances Rental Automobiles § 301-10.452 May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance? No. That is a personal expense and is not reimbursable....

  10. 41 CFR 301-10.452 - May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... personal accident insurance? 301-10.452 Section 301-10.452 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal...-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Special Conveyances Rental Automobiles § 301-10.452 May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance? No. That is a personal expense and is not reimbursable....

  11. 41 CFR 301-10.452 - May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... personal accident insurance? 301-10.452 Section 301-10.452 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal...-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Special Conveyances Rental Automobiles § 301-10.452 May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance? No. That is a personal expense and is not reimbursable....

  12. 41 CFR 301-10.452 - May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... personal accident insurance? 301-10.452 Section 301-10.452 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal...-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Special Conveyances Rental Automobiles § 301-10.452 May I be reimbursed for personal accident insurance? No. That is a personal expense and is not reimbursable....

  13. 11 CFR 9034.6 - Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... made available to media personnel; reimbursements. 9034.6 Section 9034.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL... § 9034.6 Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements... computers) provided to media personnel, Secret Service personnel or national security staff will...

  14. 11 CFR 9004.6 - Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... made available to media personnel; reimbursements. 9004.6 Section 9004.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL... to media personnel; reimbursements. (a) General. (1) Expenditures by an authorized committee for..., telephone service, typewriters, and computers) provided to media personnel, Secret Service personnel...

  15. 11 CFR 9004.6 - Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... made available to media personnel; reimbursements. 9004.6 Section 9004.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL... to media personnel; reimbursements. (a) General. (1) Expenditures by an authorized committee for..., telephone service, typewriters, and computers) provided to media personnel, Secret Service personnel...

  16. 11 CFR 9034.6 - Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... made available to media personnel; reimbursements. 9034.6 Section 9034.6 Federal Elections FEDERAL... § 9034.6 Expenditures for transportation and services made available to media personnel; reimbursements... computers) provided to media personnel, Secret Service personnel or national security staff will...

  17. 76 FR 78739 - Agency Information Collection (Payment and Reimbursement for Emergency Services for Non Service...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-19

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Payment and Reimbursement for Emergency Services for Non Service... Reimbursement for Emergency Services for Non Service-Connected Conditions in Non-VA Facilities, 38 U.S.C. 1725... CONTACT: Denise McLamb, Enterprise Records Service (005R1B), Department of Veterans Affairs, 810...

  18. 34 CFR 674.63 - Reimbursement to institutions for loan cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... 674.63 Section 674.63 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued... § 674.63 Reimbursement to institutions for loan cancellation. (a) Reimbursement for Defense loan... canceled under §§ 674.55 and 674.59(a). (2) The institution's share of cancelled principal and interest...

  19. 34 CFR 674.63 - Reimbursement to institutions for loan cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... 674.63 Section 674.63 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued... § 674.63 Reimbursement to institutions for loan cancellation. (a) Reimbursement for Defense loan... canceled under §§ 674.55 and 674.59(a). (2) The institution's share of cancelled principal and interest...

  20. 26 CFR 1.62-2 - Reimbursements and other expense allowance arrangements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., and Taxable Income § 1.62-2 Reimbursements and other expense allowance arrangements. (a) Table of contents. The contents of this section are as follows: (a) Table of contents. (b) Scope. (c) Reimbursement... general. (2) Safe harbors. (i) Fixed date method. (ii) Periodic payment method. (3) Pattern...

  1. 32 CFR 555.5 - Terms of providing reimbursement for work performed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND NATIONAL CEMETERIES CORPS OF ENGINEERS, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, LABORATORY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND TESTS, WORK FOR OTHERS § 555.5 Terms of providing reimbursement for work... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Terms of providing reimbursement for...

  2. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...

  3. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...

  4. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...

  5. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...

  6. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart 1214... - Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed A Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Appendix A to Subpart 1214.2 of Part 1214—Costs for Which NASA Shall Be Reimbursed Total Operating...

  7. 48 CFR 1552.211-73 - Level of effort-cost-reimbursement term contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Level of effort-cost... Provisions and Clauses 1552.211-73 Level of effort—cost-reimbursement term contract. As prescribed in 1511... contracts (CPIF), and cost-plus-award-fee contracts (CPAF). Level of Effort—Cost-Reimbursement Term...

  8. 78 FR 56719 - Challenging Regulatory and Reimbursement Paradigms for Medical Devices in the Treatment of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    ... morbid obesity and other metabolic diseases and evolving approaches for the regulation and reimbursement... morbid obesity and other metabolic diseases as well as evolving approaches for the regulation and... Price on Value; Obesity as a Disease: Redefining the Regulatory and Reimbursement Context; and...

  9. Fiscal Procedures for Special Education Pupil Reimbursement. Revised for 1998-99 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Center for Fiscal and Shared Services.

    This handbook is a compilation of fiscal procedures and instructions to assist Illinois local education agencies in claiming reimbursement for special education services for the 1998-99 school year. It contains: (1) general instructions for completing the Special Education Pupil Reimbursement form; (2) instructions for filling out sections…

  10. 41 CFR 302-2.20 - What is a duplicate reimbursement disclosure statement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What is a duplicate reimbursement disclosure statement? 302-2.20 Section 302-2.20 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal... knowledge, no third party has accepted duplicate reimbursement for your relocation expenses. The...

  11. 41 CFR 109-43.312 - Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. 109-43.312 Section 109-43.312 Public Contracts and Property... Excess § 109-43.312 Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. (a) (b) It is...

  12. 41 CFR 109-43.312 - Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. 109-43.312 Section 109-43.312 Public Contracts and Property... Excess § 109-43.312 Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. (a) (b) It is...

  13. 41 CFR 109-43.312 - Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. 109-43.312 Section 109-43.312 Public Contracts and Property... Excess § 109-43.312 Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. (a) (b) It is...

  14. 41 CFR 109-43.312 - Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. 109-43.312 Section 109-43.312 Public Contracts and Property... Excess § 109-43.312 Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. (a) (b) It is...

  15. 41 CFR 109-43.312 - Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. 109-43.312 Section 109-43.312 Public Contracts and Property... Excess § 109-43.312 Use of excess personal property on cost-reimbursement contracts. (a) (b) It is...

  16. 38 CFR 17.1002 - Substantive conditions for payment or reimbursement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Payment Or Reimbursement for Emergency Services for Nonservice.... Payment or reimbursement under 38 U.S.C. 1725 for emergency treatment (including medical services... be made only if all of the following conditions are met: (a) The emergency services were provided...

  17. 41 CFR 301-10.301 - How do I compute my mileage reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I compute my...-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Privately Owned Vehicle (POV) § 301-10.301 How do I compute my mileage reimbursement? You compute mileage reimbursement by multiplying the distance traveled, determined under § 301-10.302 of...

  18. Reimbursement of pharmaceuticals: reference pricing versus health technology assessment.

    PubMed

    Drummond, Michael; Jönsson, Bengt; Rutten, Frans; Stargardt, Tom

    2011-06-01

    Reference pricing and health technology assessment are policies commonly applied in order to obtain more value for money from pharmaceuticals. This study focussed on decisions about the initial price and reimbursement status of innovative drugs and discussed the consequences for market access and cost. Four countries were studied: Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom. These countries have operated one, or both, of the two policies at certain points in time, sometimes in parallel. Drugs in four groups were considered: cholesterol-lowering agents, insulin analogues, biologic drugs for rheumatoid arthritis and "atypical" drugs for schizophrenia. Compared with HTA, reference pricing is a relatively blunt instrument for obtaining value for money from pharmaceuticals. Thus, its role in making reimbursement decisions should be limited to drugs which are therapeutically equivalent. HTA is a superior strategy for obtaining value for money because it addresses not only price but also the appropriate indications for the use of the drug and the relation between additional value and additional costs. However, given the relatively higher costs of conducting HTAs, the most efficient approach might be a combination of both policies.

  19. 41 CFR 102-36.80 - How much do we pay for excess personal property on a transfer with reimbursement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... transfer with reimbursement? (a) You may be required to reimburse the holding agency the fair market value when the transfer involves any of the conditions in § 102-36.75(b)(1) through (b)(4). (b) When... excess personal property on a transfer with reimbursement? 102-36.80 Section 102-36.80 Public...

  20. 30 CFR 551.13 - Reimbursement for the costs of reproducing data and information and certain processing costs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... reimburse you or a third party for data acquisition costs or for the costs of analyzing or processing... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Reimbursement for the costs of reproducing data... THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF § 551.13 Reimbursement for the costs of reproducing data and...