Science.gov

Sample records for se faire une

  1. Dynamique d'une frontière libre : un siège fascinant de morphogénèse

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Misbah, Chaouqi; Müller-Kurmbhaar, Heiner

    Un front de solidification, dont le mouvement est limité par une simple diffusion, est le siège d'une myriade de morphogénèses statiques et dynamiques, allant d'une dendrite aux fractals, et d'un front cellulaire stationnaire au chaos spatio-temporel. Plusieurs de ces caractéristiques sont communes à une vaste liste de systèmes hors équilibre. Même l'organisation spatio-temporelle d'une population d'entités vivantes, telles que les bactéries, présente une forte similarité avec celle d'un front de croissance.

  2. Tumeur d'Abrikossoff juxta axillaire: une localisation rare d'une tumeur très rare, à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Amourak, Sarah; Bouzoubaa, Wael; Jayi, Sofia; Alaoui, Fatimazahra Fdili; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah

    2015-01-01

    Décrite pour la première fois en 1926 par Abrikossoff, les tumeurs à cellules granuleuses (TCG) sont bénignes et uniques dans la grande majorité des cas. Les principales localisations sont la cavité orale, puis les tissus sous-cutanés de la tête et du cou et les seins. La pathogenèse a été longtemps débattue, après avoir proposé initialement une origine musculaire striée les études récentes sont en faveur d'une origine neurogène schwannienne confirmées par une étude immunohistochimique. Le traitement de la tumeur à cellules granuleuses est un traitement chirurgical, il permet un diagnostic de certitude par l'examen anatomo-pathologique de la pièce d'exérèse qui doit rechercher les limites d'exérèse et la présence de critères de malignité. Leur évolution est souvent favorable si la résection chirurgicale est complète. Nous rapportons ici le cas d'une tumeur d'Abrikossoff à localisation juxta axillaire et nous profitons de faire une revue de la littérature afin de mettre le point sur cette entité rare. PMID:26328001

  3. How Are Science Fairs Fairing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schachter, Ron

    2011-01-01

    For more than half a century, the annual science fair has been a fixture in many a school's academic life, both for science teachers, who guide classes through the hands-on experience of researching topics of interest, and for students, who often hectically put the finishing touches on their work the night before it is exhibited in the school gym…

  4. Planning a Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebert, Jim

    1976-01-01

    Presented are views, on planning science fairs and science fair projects, of a fair coordinator, a science teacher, and students. Also included are 25 questions which might result in science fair projects. (SL)

  5. An Alternative Science Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romjue, Mary Kalen; Clementson, John J.

    1992-01-01

    Proposes the organization of noncompetitive science fairs to create a more positive learning experience for children in the elementary grades. Describes methods of organizing and judging the fair, and provides a list of suggested resources for science fair projects. (MDH)

  6. Voie antérieure transversale dans l'ostéosynthèse d'une fracture type III du processus coronoïde chez un adolescent: à propos d'un cas et revue de literature

    PubMed Central

    Belmoubarik, Amine; Ahed, Karim; Abouchane, Marouane; Mahraoui, Mohamed Amine; Elandaloussi, Yassir; Haddoun, Ahmed Reda; Nechad, Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent une observation rare d'un jeune adolescent de 17 ans qui a présenté une fracture du processus coronoïde du coude survenue suite à un accident de sport. Il s'agit d'une observation décrivant un abord particulier par voie antérieure transversale permettant un contrôle direct et vissage en compression du fragment déplacé; l’évolution radio clinique était satisfaisante. Nous discuterons à la lumière de la littérature, notre attitude thérapeutique, et l’évolution de ce cadre nosologique à travers l'analyse de cette observation. PMID:26113908

  7. Une cause rare de cervicalgie febrile

    PubMed Central

    Alaya, Zeineb; Osman, Walid; Zaghouani, Houneida; Naouar, Nader; Kraiem, Chakib; Bouajina, Elyès

    2016-01-01

    Une cervicalgie fébrile est souvent secondaire à une méningite ou à une spondylodiscite, exceptionnellement à une arthropathie microcristalline. Nous en rapportons un cas. Un homme de 81 ans sans antécédents particuliers est hospitalisé pour cervicalgie fébrile. Les diagnostics initialement évoqués étaient ceux de méningite et de spondylodiscite. L'examen a montré une raideur globale du rachis cervical. L'IRM rachidienne a montré une anomalie de signal de l'articulation atloïdo-axoïdienne se réhaussant après injection de gadolinium avec une hypertrophie synoviale associée à un aspect irrégulier et hétérogène de la dent de l'axis. Les coupes tomodensitométriques atlo-axoïdiennes montraient des calcifications péri-odontoïdales confirmant le diagnostic de syndrome de dent couronnée (SDC). L'évolution était favorable sous AINS. Le SDC mérite d'être mieux connu ; il peut mimer de nombreux diagnostics et être responsable de fièvre au long cours. PMID:28250885

  8. Iowa State Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohrn, Deborah Gore, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    This issue of the "Goldfinch" focuses on the Iowa state fair. The magazine begins with a map of the fair as it looks today. The article explains that the first Iowa state fair was held in 1854. After traveling from town to town for several years, the fair settled in the capital city of Des Moines in 1878. Eight years later, in 1886, the…

  9. Réponse radiologique complète d'un hémangiopéricytome méningé après radiothérapie adjuvante à une exérèse incomplète

    PubMed Central

    Bazine, Amine; Ogandaga, Etienne; Dossou, Serpos; Aissa, Abdellah; Oumellal, Jamal; Lalya, Issam; Saidi, Amar; Kebdani, Tayeb; Benjaafar, Noureddine

    2014-01-01

    L'hémangiopéricytome méningé (HM) est une tumeur vasculaire rare qui représente moins de 1% des tumeurs intracrâniennes. Son traitement reste à ce jour mal codifié et n'est basé que sur des données rétrospectives. La place de la radiothérapie adjuvante après chirurgie d'exérèse n'est pas bien établie. Ce présent travail décrit un cas d'HM chez une patiente de 42 ans, traité par chirurgie incomplète et radiothérapie adjuvante, avec réponse radiologique complète notée 1 an après la fin du traitement. PMID:25379118

  10. A Fair Proposition?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grobman, Arnold

    1993-01-01

    Describes problems with school science fairs including poor judging and a lack of understanding by the students of their own projects. Suggests improvements to the system. One suggestion is for science fair projects to be displayed only in classrooms and not district or regional fairs. (PR)

  11. Resizing Triathlons for Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wainer, Howard; De Veaux, Richard D.

    As currently configured, triathlons are dominated by cyclists and runners. The concept of fairness, as applied to triathlons, suggests that a cyclist, runner, and swimmer, all equally proficient, can each traverse the associated segment of the triathlon in approximately equal times. This definition of fairness is used to derive fair triathlon…

  12. L’alimentation des enfants ayant une déficience neurologique

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    La malnutrition, qu’il s’agisse de sous-alimentation ou de suralimentation, est courante chez les enfants ayant une déficience neurologique. Les besoins en énergie sont difficiles à définir au sein de cette population hétérogène. De plus, on manque d’information sur ce qui constitue la croissance normale chez ces enfants. Des facteurs non nutritionnels peuvent influer sur la croissance, mais des facteurs nutritionnels, tels qu’un apport calorique insuffisant, des pertes excessives d’éléments nutritifs et un métabolisme énergétique anormal, contribuent également au retard de croissance de ces enfants. La malnutrition est liée à une importante morbidité, tandis que la réadaptation nutritionnelle améliore l’état de santé global. Le soutien nutritionnel doit faire partie intégrante de la prise en charge des enfants ayant une déficience nutritionnelle et viser non seulement à améliorer l’état nutritionnel, mais également la qualité de vie des patients et de leur famille. Au moment d’envisager une intervention nutritionnelle, il faut tenir compte du dysfonctionnement oromoteur, du reflux gastro-œsophagien et de l’aspiration pulmonaire, et une équipe multidisciplinaire doit se concerter. Il faut repérer rapidement les enfants vulnérables à des troubles nutritionnels et procéder à une évaluation de leur état nutritionnel au moins une fois par année, et plus souvent chez les nourrissons et les jeunes enfants ou chez les enfants qui risquent de souffrir de malnutrition. Il faut optimiser l’apport oral s’il est sécuritaire, mais entreprendre une alimentation entérale chez les enfants ayant un dysfonctionnement oromoteur qui provoque une aspiration marquée ou chez ceux qui sont incapables de maintenir un état nutritionnel suffisant au moyen de l’apport oral. Il faut réserver l’alimentation par sonde nasogastrique aux interventions à court terme, mais si une intervention nutritionnelle prolongée s

  13. Rupture traumatique du tendon tibial postérieur survenue lors d'une fracture fermée de la cheville: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Karabila, Mohamed Amine; Azouz, Mohamed; Mhamdi, Younes; Hmouri, Ismail; Kharmaz, Mohamed; Bardouni, Ahmed; Lahlou, Abdou; Mahfoud, Mustapha; Berrada, Mohamed Saleh

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'une rupture post-traumatique du tendon tibial postérieur survenue lors d'une fracture bimalléolaire de la cheville. Le diagnostic a été posé lors de l'intervention chirurgicale. La réparation du tendon, non dégénératif, a été réalisée en même temps que l'ostéosynthèse. Bien que rare, cette possibilité de lésion tendineuse lors des fractures de la cheville ne doit pas êtreoubliée. Des douleurs résiduelles, un déficit de l'inversion active du pied, une modification de l'arche médiane du pied et à terme une évolution vers un pied plat valgus doivent faire évoquer rétrospectivement le diagnostic. PMID:27022431

  14. It's Not Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Jane

    2012-01-01

    Is a "fair test" the only way to carry out science investigations? Many children (and primary teachers) following the National Curriculum in England and Wales would answer "yes" to this question. This is because fair test investigations have historically been promoted in national assessment, published curricula, schemes of work…

  15. Rethinking the Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    Spring is the season when thousands of creased cardboard pests can be found lodged under the armpits of students and teachers as they observe the educational rite of spring known as the school science fair. A recent visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these events reminded the authors of why they so dislike science fairs. In this…

  16. Rethinking the Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors reflect on whether the competitiveness of science fairs does anything to enhance the learning environment of schools. The authors narrate how a visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these gala events reminded them of why they so dislike science fairs. The authors mention that they applaud any sincere…

  17. Fairness and Ability Grouping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strike, Kenneth A.

    1983-01-01

    A recent controversy regarding ability grouping is that it is often perceived as a means whereby racial or class bias can be subtly transformed into mechanisms of discrimination which exhibit the appearance of fairness and objectivity. This article addresses the question of fairness in ability grouping. (CJB)

  18. Fair Package Assignment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lahaie, Sébastien; Parkes, David C.

    We consider the problem of fair allocation in the package assignment model, where a set of indivisible items, held by single seller, must be efficiently allocated to agents with quasi-linear utilities. A fair assignment is one that is efficient and envy-free. We consider a model where bidders have superadditive valuations, meaning that items are pure complements. Our central result is that core outcomes are fair and even coalition-fair over this domain, while fair distributions may not even exist for general valuations. Of relevance to auction design, we also establish that the core is equivalent to the set of anonymous-price competitive equilibria, and that superadditive valuations are a maximal domain that guarantees the existence of anonymous-price competitive equilibrium. Our results are analogs of core equivalence results for linear prices in the standard assignment model, and for nonlinear, non-anonymous prices in the package assignment model with general valuations.

  19. Allergie respiratoire et “sunko”: une association rare, à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Ngombe, Léon Kabamba; Kangulu, Ignace Bwana; Nzaji, Michel Kabamba

    2014-01-01

    Il est rapporté dans ce texte un cas d'allergie respiratoire ayant fait probablement suite à une consommation d'un tabac sans fumé couramment utilisé en République Démocratique du Congo, le « Sunko ». Une rhinite et un asthme allergiques sont les cas. Cette observation permet d'attirer l'attention du monde scientifique à mettre sur pieds des études concernant la composition et les effets du Sunko pour appréhender cette association, puis d'informer l'opinion sur les dangers que courent les consommateurs de ce type de tabac et de faire la revue de la littérature. PMID:25426218

  20. A fair test of the fair innings?

    PubMed

    Oliver, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Priority setting in health care under conventional rules of health economic evaluation is based upon the ethos of attempting to maximize post-treatment health gain given available health care resources. In his later years, Alan Williams advocated the "fair innings argument,'' which balances differences in whole lifetime experiences of health with differences in post-treatment outcomes when prioritizing people for health care. This article reports a study that presented respondents with a number of abstract health care decision contexts in an attempt to test the extent to which post-treatment health maximization, the fair innings argument, or, indeed other "decision rules,'' are evident in the respondents' answers. The results indicate that the most commonly observed decision rule differs substantially across health care contexts, and therefore imply that rather than pursue an overarching decision rule, it may be more appropriate to vary the rule according to the particular health care decision context under consideration.

  1. Sur le chaos Lagrangien dans une cuve elliptique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saatdjian, E.; Chassaing, M. I.; Midoux, N.; André, J. C.

    1995-02-01

    A viscous fluid is introduced into the annular space between two concentric, confocal ellipses. The inner and outer walls can be displaced along their circumference. A small quantity of fluorescent dye is introduced into the fluid and deformation and mixing are studied for the case of periodic boundary movement. An analytical solution in elliptical coordinates has been previously derived for creeping flow conditions. Poincaré sections for a given set of parameters indicate that counter-rotation leads to a more chaotic behaviour than co-rotation, this result is confirmed experimentally. This geometry can also be used as a heat exchanger. By a suitable choice of the parameters, the heat transfer for steady boundary motion can be increased by more than 50% with respect to the concentric cylinder system. If the inner and outer walls are displaced time-periodically, the heat transfer rate obtained can be more than double the rate obtained between concentric cylinders. Un fluide visqueux est introduit dans une cuve de géométrie elliptique, les parois interne et externe de cette cuve tournent suivant le périmètre de l'ellipse. Une petite quantité de traceur fluorescent est introduite dans le fluide et la déformation de l'élément marqué, lorsque le mouvement des deux parois est périodique, est étudiée. Pour cet écoulement où le nombre de Reynolds est très inférieur à 1 (régime de Stokes) et à partir d'une solution analytique récemmnent obtenue pour le cas stationnaire, des sections de Poincaré ont été tracées pour le cas d'une contra-rotation et d'une co-rotation. Les résultats expérimentaux montrent que, pour un protocole de mélange discontinu approprié, cette géométrie mène vers un mélange chaotique après un petit nombre de périodes. Par ailleurs, il est préférable de faire tourner les ellipses en contra-rotation. Ce résultat, en contradiction avec ceux déjà obtenus dans l'espace annulaire entre cylindres excentrés tournants, est

  2. Minimisation de l'effet de la grille collectrice dans une photopile solaire à haute concentration solaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheknane, A.; Benyoucef, B.; Charles, J.-P.; Zerdoum, R.

    2005-05-01

    Une fois la croissance cristalline et la jonction sont réalisées, on collecte la puissance électrique délivrée par la photopile au moyen des contacts métalliques déposés sur deux faces. Sur la face arrière il n'y a pas de problèmes particuliers puisque toute la surface peut être utilisée ; la face avant pose essentiellement deux problèmes : Du point de vue optique, le taux de couverture doit être faible car la surface cachée par la métallisation est inactive ; Du point de vue électrique, le drainage des photoporteurs doit se faire avec le minimum de chutes de tension dans le semi-conducteur comme dans le métal. L'objectif de notre travail est de minimiser l'effet de la grille de collecte d'une photopile solaire à homojonction (Si n+p) d'une géométrie circulaire (rayon a=4.9cm), ayant une métallisation à l'argent (ρM=1.610-6 Ω.cm) et une résistance de contact ρC=10-5Ω.cm2. Nos calculs sont faits sous les conditions : AM1.5 et une concentration variant de 1à1000 soleils. Les différentes pertes causées par cette grille sont : - La puissance perdue par l'occultation de la grille (taux d'ombre), - Perte due au contact métal/semi-conducteur, - Puissance dissipée dans la résistance de couche entre barreaux, - Les pertes dans la métallisation de la grille. Nous résumons, dans cet article, les résultats de notre modélisation par : ast Dans l'intervalle [1, 200 soleils] le rendement de conversion varie de 14.7% à 18.1% pour un angle thêta (= 1/2 angle entre deux doigts consécutifs de grille) variant de 0.116 rad à 0.044 rad, ast Dans l'intervalle [ {200,1000 soleils} ] le rendement de conversion varie de 17.8% à 16.98% qui correspond ainsi à une variation de 0.041 rad à 0.026 rad de l'angle thêta.

  3. Science Fairs for All.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Donna Gail; Cook, Cheryl; Ribelin, Teralyn

    2000-01-01

    Discusses a science fair project with a diverse group of K-2 urban school students. Students experienced the purpose and procedure for a scientific investigation, although they learned in different ways and at different rates. (ASK)

  4. Rethinking Fair Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coffey, David C.; Richardson, Mary G.

    2005-01-01

    This article addresses misconceptions related to what makes an unfair game fair and describes from a personal perspective the process of discovering for oneself when a particular mathematical method works. (Contains 3 figures and 2 tables.)

  5. Vehicle underbody fairing

    DOEpatents

    Ortega, Jason M.; Salari, Kambiz; McCallen, Rose

    2010-11-09

    A vehicle underbody fairing apparatus for reducing aerodynamic drag caused by a vehicle wheel assembly, by reducing the size of a recirculation zone formed under the vehicle body immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly. The fairing body has a tapered aerodynamic surface that extends from a front end to a rear end of the fairing body with a substantially U-shaped cross-section that tapers in both height and width. Fasteners or other mounting devices secure the fairing body to an underside surface of the vehicle body, so that the front end is immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly and a bottom section of the tapered aerodynamic surface rises towards the underside surface as it extends in a downstream direction.

  6. Caracterisation de la cohesion de l'interface AMF/polymere dans une structure deformable adaptative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fischer-Rousseau, Charles

    Les structures déformables adaptatives (SDA) sont appelées à jouer un rôle important en aéronautique entre autres. Les alliages à mémoire de forme (AMF) sont un des candidats les plus prometteurs. Beaucoup de travail reste toutefois à faire avant que ces structures rencontrent les exigences élevées reliées à leur intégration dans un contexte aéronautique. Des travaux de recherche ont montré que la résistance à la décohésion de l’interface AMF/polymère peut être un élément limitant dans la performance des SDA. Dans ce travail, l’effet sur la résistance à la décohésion de l’interface AMF/polymère de divers traitements de surface, géométries de fil et types de polymère est évalué. La géométrie du fil est modifiée par une combinaison spécifique de laminage à froid et de recuit postdéformation qui maintient les propriétés de mémoire de forme tout en permettant de réduire l’aire de la section transversale du fil. Le traitement thermomécanique le plus prometteur est proposé. Une nouvelle méthode d’évaluation de la résistance à la décohésion est développée. Plutôt que de tester les fils en arrachement et de mesurer la force maximale, les tests en contraction sont basés sur la capacité des fils d’AMF à se contracter s’ils ont été encastrés dans un état tiré et qu’ils sont chauffés par effet Joule. L’hypothèse qu’on pose est que ces tests sont une meilleure approximation des conditions rencontrées dans une SDA, où les fils se contractent plutôt qu’ils sont arrachés par une force externe à la structure. Bien qu’une décohésion partielle ait été observée pour tous les échantillons, l’aire de la surface où il y a décohésion tait plus grande pour les échantillons avec une pré-déformation plus grande. Le front de décohésion a semblé cesser de progresser après les cycles de chauffage initiaux lorsque la vitesse de chauffage était faible. Un modèle numérique simulant la

  7. FAIR project at GSI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kester, Oliver; Spiller, Peter; Stoecker, Horst

    FAIR -- the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe -- constructed at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH in Darmstadt comprises an international centre of heavy ion accelerators that will drive heavy ion and antimatter research (FBTR, 2006). FAIR will provide worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities allowing a large variety of fore-front research in physics and applied science. FAIR will deliver antiproton and ion beams of unprecedented intensities and qualities. The main part of the FAIR facility is a sophisticated and cost efficient accelerator system, which delivers parallel beams to different experiments of the FAIR experimental collaborations -- APPA, NuSTAR, CBM and PANDA. The accelerated primary beams will then be employed to create new, often highly exotic particles in a series of parallel experimental programs. Experiments with exotic particles will explore fundamental processes which are expected to have taken place in the early phases and still happen in the on-going evolution of the Universe. These processes produced the basic constituents of matter and overall structure we observe today...

  8. No Stress Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Robert

    2004-01-01

    Two recurring hurdles seem to reduce the effectiveness of science fairs--finding time in the regular curriculum and excessive parental involvement. The time issue too often manifests itself with the obviously last-minute, overnight project of dubious learning value. The pollution of parental handiwork ruins the student's opportunity to actually…

  9. Is flat fair?

    SciTech Connect

    Bunzl, Martin

    2010-07-15

    Dynamic pricing holds out the promise of shifting peak demand as well as reducing overall demand. But it also raises thorny issues of fairness. All practical pricing systems involve tradeoffs between equity and efficiency. I examine the circumstances under which equity ought to be allowed to trump efficiency and whether or not this constitutes a defense of flat pricing. (author)

  10. Fair Credit Billing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.

    Designed for the general public and possibly suitable also for high school economics students, this pamphlet explains how to resolve a billing dispute in a way that protects the customer's credit rating and legal rights. The pamphlet focuses on specific requirements of the Fair Credit Billing law and presents the following: (1) six legal criteria…

  11. Super Science Fair Sourcebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iritz, Maxine Haren

    This guide to science fair projects is designed for students and provides clear directions on how to complete a successful science project. Real projects are used as examples and information and advice is provided by teachers, judges, and participants and their families about the process. Topics covered in this book include choosing a science fair…

  12. In Defense of Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Church of Christ, New York, NY.

    The "Fairness Doctrine" of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requires that broadcasters allow ample time for presentation of differing opinions on controversial issues. The Office of Communication of the United Church of Christ acted as a consultant to citizen groups (when requested to do so) in more than 30 communities who…

  13. Fairness Doctrine in Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Charles Vance

    After a decade of debate, numerous Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rulings, and many court decisions, the application of the "fairness doctrine"--an act that mandates objectivity in the presentation of facts concerning controversial issues--remains unsettled. This report discusses issues involved in the application of the…

  14. La maladie de Fanconi: à propos d'une nouvelle observation

    PubMed Central

    Es-Seddiki, Anass; Ayyad, Anass; Messouadi, Sahar; Amrani, Rim

    2015-01-01

    La maladie de Fanconi ou l'anémie de Fanconi (AF) est une maladie génétique rare à transmission autosomique récessive. Elle est marquée par une hétérogénéité phénotypique. Certains symptômes et notamment la triade classique faite d'une petite taille, d'un syndrome malformatif varié et parfois discret et d'une insuffisance médullaire d'apparition précoce, doivent faire évoquer le diagnostic. Nous rapportons le cas d'un enfant âgé de sept ans, suivi et traité pour une luxation congénitale des hanches, qui présentait une pancytopénie avec à l'examen clinique on note un faciès dysmorphique triangulaire, une duplication du pouce droit, une surélévation de l’épaule gauche et un retard staturo-pondéral. PMID:26213593

  15. Hémangiome fusiforme: une localisation inhabituelle

    PubMed Central

    Nasreddine, Fatima Zahra; Baghad, Bouchra; Chiheb, Soumiya

    2016-01-01

    L'hémangiome à cellules fusiformes été décrit par Weiss et Enzinger en 1986 et anciennement nommé hémangioendothéliome à cellules fusiformes. Depuis l'avènement des études immunohistochimique il n'est plus considéré en tant qu'angiosarcome de bas grade. C'est une tumeur bénigne vasculaire. Il touche presque exclusivement le derme des extrémités distales. Nous rapportons le premier cas avec localisation au niveau de l'omoplate, du sein, des cuisses et de la mandibule. Selon la littérature, seulement 9 cas localisés au niveau de la tête et le cou ont été rapportés. Nous rapportons un nouveau cas de cette entité rare et mal connue qui peut prêter confusion avec les tumeurs malignes. Notre patient avait une localisation au niveau de l'omoplate, du sein, des cuisses et de la mandibule. Une biopsie-exérèse était réalisée. L’évolution a été favorable avec un recul de 6 mois, sans rechute. PMID:27642429

  16. Pathomimie de l'enfant: à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Abilkassem, Rachid; Dini, Nezha; Ourai, Hakim; Kmari, Mohamed; Agadr, Aomar

    2013-01-01

    La pathomimie cutanée se définit comme une maladie factice, provoquée dans un etat de conscience claire par le patient lui-même, au niveau du revêtement cutanéo-muqueux et/ou des phanères. Rare chez l'enfant, il s'agit d'une manifestation psychopathologique potentiellement grave et souvent difficile à prendre en charge. Nous rapportons le cas d'une fillette de 10 ans présentant une pathomimie sous forme de lésions excoriées multiples du visage. PMID:23504605

  17. Bargaining and fairness

    PubMed Central

    Binmore, Kenneth

    2014-01-01

    The idea that human morality might be the product of evolution is not popular. The reason is partly that the moral principles that actually govern our day-to-day behavior have been idealized in a way that makes a natural origin seem impossible. This paper puts the case for a more down-to-earth assessment of human morality by arguing that the evolution of our sense of fairness can be traced to the practicalities of food-sharing. When animals share food, they can be seen as enjoying the fruits of an implicit bargain to ensure each other against hunger. The implications of this observation are explored using the tools of game theory. The arguments lead to a structure for fair bargains that closely resembles the structure proposed by John Rawls, the leading moral philosopher of the last century. PMID:25024181

  18. Science Fair Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Kevin

    2004-01-01

    Sciences fair season is a time when seasoned non-science teachers typically give up all hope of cramming any more knowledge into the heads of their students. It's just too much. However, non-science types might be missing out on a pretty good deal. The science department has got these kids in a pretty tight grip as far as the process and the…

  19. Hadron Physics at FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Wiedner, Ulrich

    2011-10-24

    The new FAIR facility in Darmstadt has a broad program in the field of hadron and nuclear physics utilizing ion beams with unprecedented intensity and accuracy. The hadron physics program centers around the the high-energy storage ring HESR for antiprotons and the PANDA experiment that is integrated in it. The physics program includes among others topics like hadron spectroscopy in the charmonium mass region and below, hyperon physics, electromagnetic processes and charm in nuclei.

  20. Fair trade international surrogacy.

    PubMed

    Humbyrd, Casey

    2009-12-01

    Since the development of assisted reproductive technologies, infertile individuals have crossed borders to obtain treatments unavailable or unaffordable in their own country. Recent media coverage has focused on the outsourcing of surrogacy to developing countries, where the cost for surrogacy is significantly less than the equivalent cost in a more developed country. This paper discusses the ethical arguments against international surrogacy. The major opposition viewpoints can be broadly divided into arguments about welfare, commodification and exploitation. It is argued that the only valid objection to international surrogacy is that surrogate mothers may be exploited by being given too little compensation. However, the possibility of exploitation is a weak argument for prohibition, as employment alternatives for potential surrogate mothers may be more exploitative or more harmful than surrogacy. It is concluded that international surrogacy must be regulated, and the proposed regulatory mechanism is termed Fair Trade Surrogacy. The guidelines of Fair Trade Surrogacy focus on minimizing potential harms to all parties and ensuring fair compensation for surrogate mothers.

  1. Fractions: How to Fair Share

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, P. Holt; Edgington, Cynthia P.; Nguyen, Kenny H.; Pescosolido, Ryan S.; Confrey, Jere

    2011-01-01

    Children learn from a very early age what it means to get their "fair share." Whether it is candy or birthday cake, many children successfully create equal-size groups or parts of a collection or whole but later struggle to create fair shares of multiple wholes, such as fairly sharing four pies among a family of seven. Recent research suggests…

  2. NCLEX fairness and sensitivity review.

    PubMed

    Wendt, Anne; Kenny, Lorraine; Riley, Michelle

    2009-01-01

    The National Council Licensing Examination is an examination that is used for the purpose of licensing registered nurses and practical/vocational nurses. To help ensure that the examination questions (items) are fair and unbiased, all items undergo a fairness and sensitivity review as part of the item development process. This article focuses on the fairness and sensitivity review.

  3. Fairness in scientific publishing

    PubMed Central

    Matthews, Philippa C.

    2017-01-01

    Major changes are afoot in the world of academic publishing, exemplified by innovations in publishing platforms, new approaches to metrics, improvements in our approach to peer review, and a focus on developing and encouraging open access to scientific literature and data. The FAIR acronym recommends that authors and publishers should aim to make their output Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable. In this opinion article, I explore the parallel view that we should take a collective stance on making the dissemination of scientific data fair in the conventional sense, by being mindful of equity and justice for patients, clinicians, academics, publishers, funders and academic institutions. The views I represent are founded on oral and written dialogue with clinicians, academics and the publishing industry. Further progress is needed to improve collaboration and dialogue between these groups, to reduce misinterpretation of metrics, to minimise inequity that arises as a consequence of geographic setting, to improve economic sustainability, and to broaden the spectrum, scope, and diversity of scientific publication. PMID:28163900

  4. Volvulus du grêle sur mésentère commun incomplet - une redoutable complication rare chez l'adulte: à propos de 1 cas

    PubMed Central

    Coulibaly, Mahamadoun; Boukatta, Brahim; Derkaoui, Ali; Sbai, Hicham; Ousadden, Abdelmalek; Kanjaa, Nabil

    2015-01-01

    Le mésentère commun résulte d'une anomalie de rotation du tube digestif. Il est caractérisé par la persistance d'une disposition anatomique embryonnaire secondaire à une anomalie de rotation de l'anse ombilicale primitive, constituant ainsi un méso commun à toute l'anse intestinale et une racine du mésentère extrêmement courte. Cette insuffisance de rotation est le plus souvent associée à un défaut d'accolement. Ces anomalies de rotation intestinale peuvent aboutir à des complications redoutables parfois mortelles, qui surviennent généralement au cours de la période néonatale où à l’âge pédiatrique. On estime que la prévalence de ces malformations congénitales à l’âge adulte est de l'ordre de 0,2% à 0,5% âge auquel elles demeurent très souvent asymptomatiques et donc non diagnostiquées. Le diagnostic de volvulus total du grêle peut se faire dans des circonstances très variées: en urgence devant un tableau d'occlusion intestinale aiguë, voire un état de choc pouvant conduire au décès, devant un tableau de douleurs abdominales répétées plus ou moins associées à des troubles du transit. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient de 18 ans admis pour volvulus total du grêle sur mésentère commun incomplet chez qui l’évolution était favorable. PMID:26113900

  5. Une angiocholite secondaire à un thrombus tumoral d'une tumeur neuroendocrine primitive du foie

    PubMed Central

    Baba, Hicham; Allaoui, Mohamed; Elfahssi, Mohammed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Oukabli, Mohamed; Sair, Khalid; Zentar, Aziz

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas exceptionnel d'une patiente de 54 ans prise en charge pour une angiocholite due à un thrombus tumoral, d'une tumeur neuroendocrine primitive (TNE Ive) du foie, dans la voie biliaire principale. PMID:26966504

  6. Obesity, paternalism and fairness.

    PubMed

    Kniess, Johannes

    2015-11-01

    Many liberal theories are committed to the promotion of population health, and the principle of non-interference in individual life plans. Public health interventions often bring out a tension between these two values. In this paper, I examine this tension by assessing the justifiability of liberty-restricting policies in the field of obesity prevention. As I want to show, a 'soft' form of paternalism, which interferes with people's choices to safeguard their true interests, goes some way in justifying such policies, but it leaves unaddressed the problem of limiting the liberty of those whose true interest is in pursuing an unhealthy lifestyle. I argue that in this latter case, the key to reconcile the promotion of population health with the respect for individual liberty is distributive justice: when we cannot help those who care about their health without doing the same for those who do not, fairness will often require us to do so.

  7. Restauration adaptative des contours par une approche inspiree de la prediction des performances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rousseau, Kami

    En teledetection, les cartes de contours peuvent servir, entre autres choses, a la restitution geometrique, a la recherche d'elements lineaires, ainsi qu'a la segmentation. La creation de ces cartes est faite relativement tot dans la chaine de traitements d'une image. Pour assurer la qualite des operations subsequentes, il faut veiller a obtenir une carte de contours precise. Notre problematique est de savoir s'il est possible de diminuer la perte de temps liee au choix d'algorithme et de parametre en corrigeant automatiquement la carte de contours. Nous concentrerons donc nos efforts sur le developpement d'une methode de detection/restauration de contours adaptative. Notre methode s'inspire d'une technique de prediction des performances d'algorithmes de bas niveau. Elle consiste a integrer un traitement par reseau de neurones a une methode " classique " de detection de contours. Plus precisement, nous proposons de combiner la carte de performances avec la carte de gradient pour permettre des decisions plus exactes. La presente etude a permis de developper un logiciel comprenant un reseau de neurones entraine pour predire la presence de contours. Ce reseau de neurones permet d'ameliorer les decisions de detecteurs de contours, en reduisant le nombre de pixels de fausses alarmes et de contours manques. La premiere etape de ce travail consiste en une methode d'evaluation de performance pour les cartes de contours. Une fois ce choix effectue, il devient possible de comparer les cartes entre elles. Il est donc plus aise de determiner, pour chaque image, la meilleure detection de contours. La revue de la litterature realisee simultanement a permis de faire un choix d'un groupe d'indicateurs prometteurs pour la restauration de contours. Ces derniers ont servi a la calibration et a l'entrainement d'un reseau de neurones pour modeliser les contours. Par la suite, l'information fournie par ce reseau a ete combinee par multiplication arithmetique avec les cartes d

  8. Légionellose compliquée d'une rhabdomyolyse et d'une insuffisance rénale aiguë: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Bac, Arnaud; Ramadan, Ahmed Sabry; Youatou, Pierre; Mols, Pierre; Cerf, Dominique; Ngatchou, William

    2016-01-01

    La légionellose est une maladie respiratoire bactérienne due à un germe gram négatif dont la présentation clinique peut être bénigne se limitant à un syndrome grippal ou plus sévère se caractérisant par une pneumonie pouvant se compliquer d'atteinte multisystémique pouvant conduire au décès. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient de 48 ans ayant présenté une rhabdomyolyse compliquée d'une insuffisance rénale aigue au décours d'une pneumonie à Legionella pneumophila. Nous revoyons la physiopathologie et le traitement de cette complication rare de la légionellose. PMID:27642464

  9. The High School Health Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novick, Lloyd F.; And Others

    In response to unmet health needs of high school youth particularly those in ghetto schools, health fairs were organized at three inner-city high schools in New York. The purposes of all three fairs were similar: to disseminate health information, to perform selected health testing, to provide follow-up activities when necessary, and to engender…

  10. Math Fair: Focus on Fractions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mokashi, Neelima A.

    2009-01-01

    This article depicts the rewarding experience of creating mathematical environments for kindergarten and elementary students by focusing on one of the most important and often difficult-to-grasp concepts (fractions) through play methods incorporated into a math fair. The basic concept of a math fair is threefold: (1) to create preplanned,…

  11. Does market competition explain fairness?

    PubMed

    Descioli, Peter

    2013-02-01

    The target article by Baumard et al. uses their previous model of bargaining with outside options to explain fairness and other features of human sociality. This theory implies that fairness judgments are determined by supply and demand but humans often perceive prices (divisions of surplus) in competitive markets to be unfair.

  12. Paralysie musculaire secondaire à une polymyosite

    PubMed Central

    Ennafiri, Meryem; Elotmani, Wafae; Awab, Almahdi; El Moussaoui, Rachid; El Hijri, Ahmed; Alilou, Mustapha; Azzouzi, Abderrahim

    2015-01-01

    Les polymyosites sont des maladies inflammatoires des muscles striés, d’étiologie inconnue. Le déficit musculaire, qui se résume généralement à une fatigabilité, évolue de façon bilatérale, symétrique et non sélective avec prédominance sur les muscles proximaux. L'intensité de la faiblesse musculaire est variable d'un sujet à un autre, de la simple gêne fonctionnelle à un état grabataire. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un cas de polymyosite particulièrement sévère avec paralysie musculaire complète, touchant tous les muscles de l'organisme, d’évolution favorable sous immunoglobulines intraveineuses et nous discutons les facteurs favorisant la paralysie musculaire. PMID:26185559

  13. Masse pelvienne chez une jeune fille: penser à l'hématocolpos

    PubMed Central

    Salem, Amina Ben; Yahyaoui, Sana; Messoud, Amal; El Mhabrech, Houda; Faleh, Rajaa; Hafsa, Chiraz

    2014-01-01

    L'hématocolpos est l'accumulation progressive du sang menstruel dans la cavité vaginale à la puberté. Il est souvent la conséquence d'une imperforation de l'hymen. Il se traduit sur le plan clinique par des douleurs pelviennes cycliques et une aménorrhée primaire. Plus rarement, il peut se révéler par une masse pelvienne. L’échographie est l'examen de choix pour le diagnostic de l'hématocolpos sur imperforation de l'hymen. L'imagerie par résonance magnétique (IRM) est l'examen d'imagerie de référence pour confirmer l'hématolcolpos et exclure d'autres malformations du canal de Muller ou des malformations urologiques associées. Nous rapportons un cas d'hématocolpos secondaire à une imperforation hyménéale diagnostiqué chez une jeune fille présentant une aménorrhée primaire et une masse pelvienne. Le diagnostic était posé par l’échographie et l'IRM et confirmé par l'intervention chirurgicale. PMID:25452830

  14. [The role of economics in fair rationing].

    PubMed

    Prenzler, A

    2012-10-01

    For several years academic disciplines have discussed the potential conflict between scarcity of funding and fair health care. This review article shows the necessity of involving economic scientists in this discussion as well as their contribution to rationalisation, prioritisation and rationing of health care services. Thereby, it becomes clear that rationing and justice are not a contradiction per se. The interdisciplinary discussion in Germany needs less disciplinary egotism and more willingness to seek solutions and compromises. In this context the procedures followed in other countries can serve as examples.

  15. Science Fairs: The Whys and Hows.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edelman, Phyllis

    1988-01-01

    There has been some evidence that students who develop projects for science fairs continue their interest in science through high school and beyond. Local and regional fairs generally are slated as a prelude to state science fairs and the International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF). Organizing a district science fair requires informed…

  16. Testing Orions Fairing Separation System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martinez, Henry; Cloutier, Chris; Lemmon, Heber; Rakes, Daniel; Oldham, Joe; Schlagel, Keith

    2014-01-01

    Traditional fairing systems are designed to fully encapsulate and protect their payload from the harsh ascent environment including acoustic vibrations, aerodynamic forces and heating. The Orion fairing separation system performs this function and more by also sharing approximately half of the vehicle structural load during ascent. This load-share condition through launch and during jettison allows for a substantial increase in mass to orbit. A series of component-level development tests were completed to evaluate and characterize each component within Orion's unique fairing separation system. Two full-scale separation tests were performed to verify system-level functionality and provide verification data. This paper summarizes the fairing spring, Pyramidal Separation Mechanism and forward seal system component-level development tests, system-level separation tests, and lessons learned.

  17. Néphrocalcinose compliquant une miliaire tuberculeuse chez un nourrisson

    PubMed Central

    El Maghraoui, Jaouad; Souilmi, Fatima Zahrae; Hbibi, Mohamed; Houssaini, Tarik Sqalli; Hida, Mustapha

    2015-01-01

    La néphrocalcinose se définit par la présence anormale dans le parenchyme rénal de dépôts calciques pouvant résulter de différentes affections. Nous rapportons le cas d'un nourrisson de 7 mois chez qui nous avons diagnostiqué une hypercalcémie compliquée par une néphrocalcinose secondaire à une tuberculose miliaire aggravée par l'intoxication à la vitamine D améliorée sous hyperhydratation, furosémide et glucocorticoïdes. A travers ce travail, nous insistons sur l'intérêt de la recherche d'une hypercalcémie devant toute infection tuberculeuse, de la prise en charge rapide et adaptée sans oublié d'interrompre la supplémentation en vitamine D. PMID:26309458

  18. Fiches pratiques: Nouvelles histoires de modes; Pour se faire une tartine; Le Texte litteraire: "Decouverte" de Guy de Maupassant; Un Regiment dans un nuage (Practical Ideas: New Approaches to Grammatical Mood; How to Make Oneself Bread and Jam; The Literary Text: "Discovered" by Guy de Maupassant; A Regiment in a Cloud).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saraceni, Luisa; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Four activities are offered for French second-language classroom use: an exercise to aid comprehension of indicative and subjunctive mood; a lesson in making bread and jam, designed for young children; a study of narration within a novel, using a Guy de Maupassant story; and an exercise in discourse analysis. (MSE)

  19. Faut-il restreindre la médication avant une RSOS?

    PubMed Central

    Konrad, Gerald; Katz, Alan

    2012-01-01

    valuent les effets des interventions liées aux médicaments sur le dépistage du CCR par RSOS sont limitées par leur moins bonne qualité et parce qu’elles ne se penchent pas sur la sensibilité et la spécificité. Par contre, les données probantes disponibles ne font pas valoir de bienfaits à cesser les AINS, les médicaments anticoagulants ou le fer durant la période du dépistage. Ces recommandations devraient être abandonnées de manière à maximiser l’observance du dépistage. Les résultats positifs d’une RSOS chez les patients qui prennent ces médicaments doivent faire l’objet d’une évaluation complète pour dépister un éventuel CCR. Jusqu’à ce que d’autres études précisent l’effet de l’acide ascorbique sur le dépistage par RSOS, il semble prudent de faire cesser ce médicament avant les tests.

  20. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2014: FAIR Next Generation ScientistS 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-04-01

    FAIRNESS 2014 was the third edition in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on September 22-27 2014 in Vietri sul Mare, Italy. The topics of the workshops cover a wide range of aspects in both theoretical developments and current experimental status, concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference is to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permanent position to present their work, to foster active informal discussions and build up of networks. Every participant in the meeting with the exception of the organizers gives an oral presentation, and all sessions are followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks, questions are anonymously collected in a box to stimulate discussions. The broad physics program at FAIR is reflected in the wide range of topics covered by the workshop: • Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point • Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions • Hadron Spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei • New developments in atomic and plasma physics • Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NUSTAR, APPA and related experiments For each of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2014 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the forefront of research that

  1. Blocage de Coulomb dans une boite quantique laterale contenant un faible nombre d'electrons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gould, Charles

    Dans ce travail on utilise une nouvelle geometrie pour augmenter le controle sur le nombre d'electrons contenus dans une boite quantique laterale, et ainsi atteindre un regime de petit nombre d'electrons. Ces echantillons permettent une etude du blocage de Coulomb quand les electrons sont injectes a partir d'un gaz electronique a deux dimensions (2DEG). Les mesures a faible champ magnetique demontrent la grande flexibilite des echantillons et montrent que l'on peut faire varier le nombre d'electrons dans une boite quantique a partir de plus de 40 electrons jusqu'a un seul electron, ce qui est assez courant dans les boites quantiques verticales, mais ce qui n'avait jamais ete reussi dans une boite quantique laterale. Nos resultats montrent egalement que dans les boites quantiques laterales il est possible de determiner le spin du niveau qui participe au transport a l'aide du phenomene de blocage de spin. De plus, dans certaines circonstances il est meme possible de determiner le spin total de la boite quantique, ce qui peut avoir des applications pratiques dans des domaines tels l'informatique quantique. Les mesures dans le regime de renversement de spin a un champ magnetique plus eleve montrent l'importance des correlations electrons---electrons dans ces boites quantiques, qui menent a des depolarisations et a des structures de spins qui ont un effet sur le transport. En particulier, ces correlations menent a l'existence de niveaux excites de basse energie qui causent une dependance anormale de l'amplitude des pics de blocage de Coulomb en fonction de la temperature. Nos experiences demontrent egalement la possibilite d'utiliser ces boites quantiques comme sondes pour etudier les proprietes du bord d'un 2DEG. Une voie de recherche a etre exploree.

  2. 47 CFR 73.1910 - Fairness Doctrine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fairness Doctrine. 73.1910 Section 73.1910... Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1910 Fairness Doctrine. The Fairness Doctrine is... issues of public importance. See FCC public notice “Fairness Doctrine and the Public Interest...

  3. 78 FR 43709 - Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ... primary determinants that account for those issues, and set forth fair housing priorities and goals. The... participants to assess fair housing determinants, prioritize fair housing issues for response, and take... Annual Plan, which in turn incorporates fair housing priorities and concerns more effectively...

  4. The Science Fair Experience: Profile of Science Fair Winners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellipanni, Lawrence J.

    The purpose of this investigation was to determine if a significant relationship existed between the criterion variable of receiving or not receiving awards at the 1993 International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) and the predictor variables of resources and facilities, resource personnel, personal costs, time, and personal characteristics.…

  5. Environmental Science: 49 Science Fair Projects. Science Fair Projects Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

    This book contains 49 science fair projects designed for 6th to 9th grade students. Projects are organized by the topics of soil, ecology (projects in habitat and life cycles), pests and controls (projects in weeds and insects), recycling (projects in resources and conservation), waste products (projects in decomposition), microscopic organisms,…

  6. Approche au diagnostic de la maladie cœliaque chez les patients ayant une faible densité minérale osseuse ou des fractures de fragilité

    PubMed Central

    Rios, Lorena P.; Khan, Aliya; Sultan, Muhammad; McAssey, Karen; Fouda, Mona A.; Armstrong, David

    2013-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Présenter aux cliniciens une mise à jour sur le diagnostic de la maladie cœliaque (MC), ainsi que des recommandations sur les indications de procéder au dépistage de la MC chez les patients présentant une faible densité minérale osseuse (DMO) ou des fractures de fragilité. Qualité des données Un groupe de travail multidisciplinaire a élaboré des questions cliniquement pertinentes relativement au diagnostic de la MC servant de fondement à une recherche documentaire dans les bases de données MEDLINE, EMBASE et CENTRAL (de janvier 2000 à janvier 2009) à l’aide des mots clés en anglais celiac disease, osteoporosis, osteopenia, low bone mass et fracture. Les ouvrages scientifiques existants comportent des études de niveaux I et II. Message principal La prévalence estimée de la MC asymptomatique est de 2 % à 3 % chez les personnes qui ont une faible DMO. Par ailleurs, un dépistage ciblé est recommandé pour les patients qui ont des T-scores de −1,0 ou moins à la colonne vertébrale ou aux hanches ou des antécédents de fractures de fragilité associées à des symptômes ou à des problèmes reliés à la MC, des antécédents familiaux de MC ou de bas niveaux de calcium urinaire, une insuffisance en vitamine D et des niveaux à la hausse d’hormones parathyroïdiennes en dépit d’un apport suffisant en calcium et en vitamine D. Le dépistage de la MC devrait se faire pendant que le sujet consomme un régime alimentaire contenant du gluten. On procède au dépistage initial par le dosage d’immunoglobuline (Ig) A antitransglutaminase en utilisant la transglutaminase tissulaire humaine recombinante ou une autre transglutaminase tissulaire, en association avec l’immunofluorescence des IgA anti-endomysium. Une biopsie du duodénum est nécessaire pour confirmer le diagnostic de la MC. Le typage des antigènes des leucocytes humains peut aider à confirmer ou à exclure le diagnostic de la MC dans les cas où la s

  7. A Kinder-Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Angelica; Vitti, Debbye

    2007-01-01

    A science fair might be the last thing you think of when planning a kindergarten science curriculum, but the authors found it to be the perfect avenue for teaching their students science-process skills. Here they share their steps in teaching science-process skills and assembling student projects in a kindergarten classroom throughout the year.…

  8. Learning Experimentation through Science Fairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, Jürgen; Lederman, Norman G.; Groß, Jorge

    2016-01-01

    Experiments are essential for both doing science and learning science. The aim of the German youth science fair, "Jugend forscht," is to encourage scientific thinking and inquiry methods such as experimentation. Based on 57 interviews with participants of the competition, this study summarises students' conceptions and steps of learning…

  9. Dissection & Science Fairs. [Information Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

    This collection of pamphlets and articles reprinted from other National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) publications was compiled to address the issues of classroom laboratory dissection and the use of animals in science fair projects. Three of the pamphlets contained in this packet are student handbooks designed to help students of elementary,…

  10. Children's Concepts of Fair Sharing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huntsman, Robert W.

    1984-01-01

    The Damon hierarchy of development of children's sense of positive justice is examined for its usefulness in predicting fairness in behavior and reliability in age patterning of its stated levels of reasoning. The hierarchy's value as a developmental schedule for teacher guidance may be questionable. (Author)

  11. Affirmative Action: Is it Fair?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dworkin, Ronald

    2000-01-01

    Addresses the fairness of affirmative action, suggesting it will be unfortunate if the Supreme Court reverses its ruling, because dramatic evidence of its value in elite higher education has just become available. After discussing legal rulings, the paper concludes that affirmative action makes the eventual economic and social structure of…

  12. University--Science Fair Partnership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tallman, Erika; Taylor, Karen

    1997-01-01

    Describes a partnership between a fifth-grade teacher and a university methods professor that involved developing an elementary science fair project mentored by university students. Provides opportunities for elementary students to conduct scientific investigations to learn about science, and opportunities for education majors to have firsthand…

  13. Science Fair Projects: The Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Bob; Keen, Dan

    This book approaches the development of science fair projects from the point of view that science should be enjoyable, interesting, and thought-provoking. The scientific concepts introduced here will later help young students to understand more advanced scientific principles. These projects develop skills such as classification, making measured…

  14. Ongoing Issues in Test Fairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Camilli, Gregory

    2013-01-01

    In the attempt to identify or prevent unfair tests, both quantitative analyses and logical evaluation are often used. For the most part, fairness evaluation is a pragmatic attempt at determining whether procedural or substantive due process has been accorded to either a group of test takers or an individual. In both the individual and comparative…

  15. How "Fair" Should TV Be?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hentoff, Nat

    1974-01-01

    The "Fairness Doctrine" amendment to the 1934 Communications Act has had a negative impact on radio and television broadcasting in the United States. While the amendment was intended to prevent the nation's airwaves from monopolization by individuals or groups with specific interests or viewpoints, it has, in fact, restrained freedom of…

  16. Manipulation coherente de qubits de spin dans une boite quantique triple

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaudreau, Louis

    Nous presentons dans cette these une etude detaillee du moment magnetique intrinseque de l'electron, i.e. le spin electronique, incluant la manipulation quantique coherente des etats de spin de trois electrons couples. A cette fin, nous utilisons des boites quantiques laterales pour confiner les electrons. Ces nano-structures, d'une grandeur autour de 1 pm, permettent de confiner un nombre precis d'electrons de facon controlee, allant jusqu'a zero electrons. Les developpements technologiques et d'ingeniosite durant la derniere decennie ont permis de coupler trois boites quantiques, ainsi l'interaction entre plusieurs electrons confines peut etre controlee comme par exemple le couplage quantique tunnel et l'interaction d'echange entre les spins de chacun d'entre eux. A l'aide de boites quantiques couplees, il est possible de realiser des experiences dans plusieurs domaines de la physique moderne : les etats up et down du spin des electrons confines peuvent etre utilisees comme etats quantiques binaires (qubits) dans le domaine de l'informatique quantique, la non-localite quantique peut etre testee en separant spatialement deux electrons enchevetres, il est possible de creer des 'courants de spin enchevetres' utiles en spintronique, et bien d'autres. La manipulation coherente des etats de spin du systeme a trois electrons se fait de facon purement electrique grace a des pulses a haute frequence qui permettent d'augmenter le couplage entre les electrons et de faire la mesure de l'etat resultant apres la manipulation. Nous utilisons l'interaction hyperfine entre les spins des electrons et ceux des noyaux du cristal dans lequel ils resident pour creer les rotations quantiques entre les etats, notamment les etats |Q +3/2> et (D+1/2>. Les resultats obtenus indiquent un temps de coherence de l'ordre de 10 ns. Ces experiences demontrent un niveau de controle sans precedant de boites quantiques triples et pavent la voie vers des nano-structures plus sophistiquees dans

  17. 75 FR 18245 - Public Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing Region IX Regulatory Fairness Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Public Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing Region IX Regulatory Fairness Board.... Small Business Administration (SBA) Region IX Regulatory Fairness Board and the SBA Office of...

  18. Children develop a veil of fairness.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Alex; Montinari, Natalia; Piovesan, Marco; Olson, Kristina R; Gino, Francesca; Norton, Michael I

    2014-02-01

    Previous research suggests that children develop an increasing concern with fairness over the course of development. Research with adults suggests that the concern with fairness has at least 2 distinct components: a desire to be fair and a desire to signal to others that they are fair. We explore whether children's developing concern with behaving fairly toward others may in part reflect a developing concern with appearing fair to others. In Experiments 1 and 2, most 6- to 8-year-old children behaved fairly toward others when an experimenter was aware of their choices; fewer children opted to behave fairly, however, when they could be unfair to others yet appear fair to the experimenter. In Experiment 3, we explored the development of this concern with appearing fair by using a wider age range (6- to 11-year-olds) and a different method. In this experiment, children chose how to assign a good or bad prize to themselves and another participant by either unilaterally deciding who would get each prize or using a fair procedure--flipping a coin in private. Older children were much more likely to flip the coin than younger children, yet were just as likely as younger children to assign themselves the good prize by reporting winning the coin flip more than chance would dictate. Overall, the results of these experiments suggest that as children grow older they become increasingly concerned with appearing fair to others, which may explain some of their increased tendency to behave fairly.

  19. Tumeur stromale rectale: à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Rejab, Haitham; Kridis, Wala Ben; Ben Ameur, Hazem; Feki, Jihene; Frikha, Mounir; Beyrouti, Mohamed Issam

    2014-01-01

    Les tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales sont des tumeurs mésenchymateuses peu fréquentes. Elles sont localisées préférentiellement eu niveau de l'estomac. La localisation rectale reste rare. A un nouveau cas de tumeur stromale du rectum ainsi qu'une bref revue de la littérature, on se propose d’étudier les particularités cliniques, radiologiques et thérapeutiques de cette entité rare. PMID:25120863

  20. 7 CFR 51.1167 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Florida Oranges and Tangelos Definitions § 51.1167 Fairly firm. Fairly firm as applied to common oranges and tangelos, means that the fruit may be slightly soft, but not bruised;...

  1. 7 CFR 51.1167 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Florida Oranges and Tangelos Definitions § 51.1167 Fairly firm. Fairly firm as applied to common oranges and tangelos, means that the fruit may be slightly soft, but not bruised;...

  2. Test Fairness and Toulmin's Argument Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunnan, Antony John

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the author's response to Xiaoming Xi's article titled "How do we go about investigating test fairness?" In this response, the author focuses on test fairness and Toulmin's model of argument structure, Xi's proposal, and the challenges the proposal brings. Xi proposes an approach to investigating test fairness to guide…

  3. Inside the Science Fair: The Judge's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rillero, Peter; Zambo, Ron

    2011-01-01

    Science fair judges provide secrets to a successful science fair. Whether students are competing in science fairs at the high school, local, district, regional, state, or international level, their success is dependent on the judges' interpretation of their work. In this article, the authors present a series of questions and answers from past…

  4. 75 FR 26271 - Fair Housing Initiatives Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Fair Housing Initiatives Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD... receive funds under the Fair Housing Initiatives Program and carry our fair housing enforcement...

  5. A Science Fair Companion. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCann, Wendy Sherman

    This digest comments on various aspects of school science fairs. General expectations for science fair projects and participants are discussed, and tips for choosing a topic and completing a project are given. Organizational strategies for teachers charged with conducting science fairs are presented. Guidelines for parents in helping children with…

  6. Playing Fair: An Essential Element in Contracting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peeler, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Playing fair has a value with which people are all familiar. From the sandboxes of childhood and the competitive sports of youth to the business transactions of adulthood, people have been told how important it is to play fair. Playing fair in contracting is not only essential, it's the legal and ethical thing to do. In this article, the author…

  7. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from the viewpoint of general appearance, the potatoes in the container...

  8. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from the viewpoint of general appearance, the potatoes in the container...

  9. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Walnuts in the Shell Definitions § 51.2965 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means...

  10. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1553 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that at least...

  11. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that, from the viewpoint of general appearance, the lot is not...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from...

  13. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1553 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that at least...

  14. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from...

  15. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1553 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that at least...

  16. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from...

  17. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that, from the viewpoint of general appearance, the lot is not...

  18. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Walnuts in the Shell Definitions § 51.2965 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means...

  19. Fairness and dynamic pricing: comments

    SciTech Connect

    Hogan, William W.

    2010-07-15

    In ''The Ethics of Dynamic Pricing,'' Ahmad Faruqui lays out a case for improved efficiency in using dynamic prices for retail electricity tariffs and addresses various issues about the distributional effects of alternative pricing mechanisms. The principal contrast is between flat or nearly constant energy prices and time-varying prices that reflect more closely the marginal costs of energy and capacity. The related issues of fairness criteria, contracts, risk allocation, cost allocation, means testing, real-time pricing, and ethical policies of electricity market design also must be considered. (author)

  20. Hyperons at CBM-FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmidt, Hans Rudolf

    2016-08-01

    The CBM experiment is one of the four scientific pillars of the Facility for Antiprotons and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt, Germany. Its discovery potential - complementary to heavy-ion experiments at colliders - is based on high-luminosity ion beams. This enables access to extremely rare probes such as charmed particles, vector mesons or multi-strange hyperons with high statistics. However, 3rd generations readout systems and detectors are required to handle the large interaction rates (up to 10 MHz for Au+Au) with sufficient precision and bandwidth. In this contribution we will outline the unique CBM physics program focusing onto hyperons.

  1. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan... forms to describe their intent for marketing to ensure that they meet the Fair Housing...

  2. Une mucormycose faciale compliquant une angiocholite grave: à propos d’un cas

    PubMed Central

    Lakhdar, Karim; Houari, Naoufal; Elbouazzaoui, Abderrahim; Ameuraoui, Taoufik; Boukatta, Brahim; Sbai, Hicham; Kanjaa, Nabil

    2016-01-01

    Les mucormycoses sont des infections fongiques opportunistes survenant chez des patients immunodéprimés. C’est une affection grave compromettant le pronostic vital. Même diagnostiquée précocement, la mortalité des mucormycoses atteint 50%. Nous rapportons le cas d’une mucormycose chez une patiente diabétique hospitalisée en réanimation pour angiocholite grave. L’évolution était fatale. PMID:28293362

  3. Brulure par Foudre. A Propos d’une Observation

    PubMed Central

    Mradmi, W.; Fassi-Fihri, J.; Mehaji, G.; Ezzoubi, M.; Diouri, M.; Bahechar, N.; Boukind, E.H.

    2005-01-01

    Summary Aussi loin que l’on remonte dans la littérature, on retrouve des récits relatant des accidents consécutifs à la fulguration chez l’homme. La foudre était alors associée à la colère des dieux ou à la notion de châtiment. La fulguration correspond à un transfert d’énergie entre un cumulonimbus de charge négative et un objet de charge positive se trouvant au niveau du sol. Les lésions déterminées sont à la fois thermiques et électrothermiques. Bien que l’arrêt cardiorespiratoire soit une cause bien documentée de décès, la plupart des cas rapportés dans la littérature décrivent un éventail très disparate des séquelles qui surviennent suite à cet accident. Les Auteurs rapportent le cas d’un patient atteint par la foudre en insistant particulièrement sur les complications neurologiques qui sont survenues en cours d’évolution. Se basant sur cette observation et sur une revue de la littérature, les Auteurs soulignent que le pronostic des patients atteints par la foudre est plus favorable que généralement rapporté. PMID:21990993

  4. L'intérêt du dosage de la calcémie devant une tumeur maxillaire: découverte d'une hyperparathyroïdie primitive

    PubMed Central

    Esselmani, Hicham; Bouabdellah, Mounya; Benchekroun, Laila; Elalami, Sanae; Handor, Najat; Chabraoui, Layachi

    2014-01-01

    L'hyperparathyroïdie primaire (HPP) est une affection fréquente, aujourd'hui découverte fortuitement dans 75 à 80% des cas par un dosage systématique de la calcémie biologique. Le diagnostic de cette affection se base sur la mise en évidence concomitante d'une calcémie élevée, d'un taux de parathormone (PTH) élevé (80% des cas) ou normal (20% des cas), et d'une calciurie supérieure à 150 mg/24 heures. Les manifestations squelettiques graves (ostéite fibrokystique, tumeurs brunes, fractures pathologiques) sont rares de nos jours. Les tumeurs brunes constituent un mode de révélation rare de l'hyperparathyroïdie primaire et leur localisation au niveau des maxillaires est exceptionnelle. Nous rapportons ici la longue histoire de la maladie d'un homme de 42 ans atteint d'une hyperparathyroïdie primitive découverte devant une tuméfaction jugale, une hypercalcémie majeure à 3.92 mmol/l et une tumeur brune maxillaire et nous soulignant le rôle du bilan biologique raisonné et de son interprétation en tant que révélateur diagnostique pour orienter le clinicien vers l'hyperparathyroïdie primaire. PMID:25469208

  5. Syndrome coronarien aigu en post-partum secondaire à une dissection coronaire spontanée: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    El Malki Berrada, Nabil; Zaimi, Achraf; Ezzouak, Abdellatif; Belhachmi, Hassan; Lagziri, Alaeeddine; Ratbi, Sara; eddine Elyounassi, Badre

    2015-01-01

    L'IDM per gravidique est une complication grave qui entraine une morbidité et une mortalité maternelle élevée. Bien que l'athérosclérose soit la cause d'IDM la plus fréquente dans la population générale, elle n'est observée que chez un tiers des femmes enceintes. Chez ces dernières, la cause la plus fréquente d'IDM était la dissection coronaire. Nous rapportons l'observation clinique d'une jeune femme de 24 ans, sans facteur de risque cardiovasculaire, qui a présenté un IDM antérieur étendu 15 jours après un accouchement, en rapport avec une dissection de la partie proximale de l'artère inter ventriculaire antérieure. Le traitement de cette pathologie n'est pas consensuel, et peut faire appel, selon la présentation clinique et angiographique, au traitement médical, à une revascularisation par pontage aorto-coronaire avec une résection de l'hématome de la paroi artérielle, ou à l'angioplastie transluminale. Le pronostic semble assez favorable quoique controversé. PMID:26161172

  6. Soins primaires des personnes victimes d’une lésion médullaire

    PubMed Central

    McColl, Mary Ann; Aiken, Alice; McColl, Alexander; Sakakibara, Brodie; Smith, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Effectuer une étude de la portée des données empiriques, entre 1980 et 2009, concernant les soins primaires aux adultes victimes d’une lésion médullaire (LME). Sources des données Une recension dans des revues révisées par des pairs de1980 à 2009 à l’aide de CINAHL, PubMed-MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Sciences Abstracts et Social Work Abstracts. Sélection des études La recherche électronique au moyen de mots-clés a permis de cerner 42 articles sur les soins primaires et les LME. Des critères d’inclusion ont servi à réduire la liste à un ensemble de 21 articles publiés en anglais qui portaient sur un échantillon de plus de 3 et présentaient une analyse empirique. Synthèse Environ 90 % des personnes atteintes d’une LME ont identifié leur médecin de famille comme étant leur docteur habituel; 63 % avaient un spécialiste des LME. Les personnes vivant à long terme avec une LME développent des rubriques complexes pour naviguer dans leurs systèmes de soins de santé personnels. Les données scientifiques ne sont pas unanimes quant à l’efficacité des programmes d’intervention directe pour le maintien de la santé et la prévention des complications à la suite d’une LME. Les données appuient cependant le suivi périodique par une équipe spécialisée et un bilan de santé annuel complet. La recherche fait valoir un fort degré d’uniformité dans l’identification des problèmes les plus courants soulevés par les personnes atteintes d’une LME en soins primaires, dont la plupart concernent l’incapacité, plus précisément les complications secondaires, comme la dysfonction intestinale ou vésicale et la douleur. Il existe aussi de bonnes données probantes à l’effet que de nombreux problèmes de santé généraux exigent de l’attention dans une telle population, comme les problèmes de la densité osseuse, la dépression et les questions entourant la santé sexuelle et la reproduction. Il y a

  7. Bilan d’une cure chirurgicale d’aspergillome pulmonaire secondaire a une lesion sequellaire de tuberculose au CHU/JRA

    PubMed Central

    Razafimanjato, Narindra Njarasoa Mihaja; Rakotoarisoa, Andriamihaja Jean Claude; Ravoatrarilandy, Manjakaniaina; Rakototiana, Auberlin Felantsoa; Hunald, Francis Allen; Samison, Luc Hervé; Ravalisoa, Agnès Marie Lydia; Rakotovao, Danitrala Jean Louis

    2013-01-01

    La prise en charge d’un aspergillome pulmonaire, dans le cas des lésions limitées accessibles, est une des activités courantes en chirurgie thoracique dans les pays endémique à la tuberculose comme Madagascar. Sur une période allant de janvier 2005 en mars 2010, 15 patients, ancien tuberculeux, atteints d’une aspergillome pulmonaire sont traités par une résection segmentaire ou une lobectomie. La circonstance de découverte repose sur la clinique par des tableaux très polymorphes. L’imagerie garde une place importante. L’examen histologique des pièces d’exérèse chirurgicale confirme le diagnostic. Tous les patients ont été opérés de manière élective. Le résultat a été pour l’ensemble des patients jugés satisfaisant. Ces patients sont suivis pendant 1 à 39 mois. L’étude des résultats à distance est encore en cours et est fondamentale si le traitement chirurgical a un effet bénéfique sur la survie et la qualité de vie des malades. Le but de ce travail a été, à partir de la revue de la littérature et de notre petite expérience, de définir quels éléments pertinents mis en exergue sur le sujet. PMID:23646219

  8. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Definitions § 51.772 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does...

  9. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Definitions § 51.772 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does...

  10. La synovite villonodulaire de la cheville, une localisation rare: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Benabbouha, Abdellatif; Basinga, Jonathan; Anteri, Ismail; Jaafar, Abdelouab

    2016-01-01

    La synovite villonodulaire (SVN) est une prolifération pseudotumorale bénigne rare de la synoviale articulaire, d’étiologie inconnue. Elle peut aussi se développer au sein des bourses séreuses, des gaines tendineuses. Généralement, elle atteint les grosses articulations notamment le genou et la hanche. La localisation de la cheville est rare, avec seulement quelques cas publiés dans la littérature. Nous rapportons un cas de patiente de 52 ans présentant une SVN de la cheville droite. Elle a bénéficié d'une synovectomie subtotale. A deux ans de recul, il n'y avait pas de récidive clinique. PMID:27231502

  11. Science Fairs for Science Literacy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mackey, K. R.

    2014-12-01

    Science literacy is imperative for well informed civic and personal decision making, yet only a quarter of American adults are proficient enough in science to understand science stories reported in the popular press. Hands-on research increases confidence in and understanding of science. When guiding students in designing and conducting science fair projects, mentors can foster science literacy by helping students focus on three goals: (1) articulating hypotheses or questions, (2) designing feasible projects, and (3) learning to make and interpret graphs. These objectives introduce students to the methodological nature of scientific research and give them the tools to interpret scientific facts and data in order to make informed decisions for themselves and society.

  12. The PANDA experiment at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Destefanis, M.

    2013-12-01

    The PANDA (antiProton ANnihilation at DArmstadt) experiment is one of the major projects in preparation at the upcoming FAIR facility in Darmstadt, Germany. It will study interactions between antiprotons and protons or nuclei in the momentum range from 1.5 GeV/c to 15 GeV/c. The PANDA scientific program will address a wide range of topics, all aiming at improving our understanding of the strong interaction and hadron structure. The PANDA detector is a general-purpose spectrometer that will collect high quality and high statistics data in the fields of meson spectroscopy, baryon-antibaryon production, baryon spectroscopy, hypernuclear physics, hadron properties in the nuclear medium, and nucleon structure. This paper reviews some of the main physics topics of the experiment, together with a presentation of the detector.

  13. Making medical recruitment practices fair.

    PubMed Central

    Maddock, S.

    1996-01-01

    The fact that in the past each medical student was assured of a post when qualified has led many in medicine to believe that selection for recruitment is merely a formality based on qualification and accreditation. Consequently little thought has gone into developing detailed person or post selection criteria. As a result most recruitment panel members are unclear on what basis to discriminate between equally qualified candidates and invariably plump for 'the face that fits'. This practice discriminates against women, black doctors and those white men not quite acceptable in manner, dress or attitudes. In this article, advice is offered on the development of equality strategies for public sector organisations and on the implementation of fair practices. PMID:8731704

  14. Une cause rare du choc septique chez le diabétique: la cystite emphysémateuse compliquée d'une rupture vésicale

    PubMed Central

    Shimi, Abdelkarim; Boumedian, Abderrahman; Elbakouri, Nabil; Derkaoui, Ali; Khatouf, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    La cystite emphysémateuse est une affection rare rencontrée principalement chez les patients diabétiques mal équilibrés. Elle se caractérise par la présence de l'air dans la paroi et/ou la lumière vesicale. La tomodensitométrie abdomino-pelvienne reste l'examen clé pour confirmer le diagnostic. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente diabétique ayant présentée une cystite emphysémateuse favorisée par un diabète déséquilibré et compliquée d'une rupture vésicale intrapéritonéale avec évolution défavorable. PMID:26301019

  15. Un kyste hydatique osseux: une localisation rare au niveau de l’os iliaque

    PubMed Central

    Nhamoucha, Yassine; Alaoui, Othmane; Doumbia, Aliou; Oukhoya, Mohammed; Abdellaoui, Hicham; Tazi, Mohammed; Chater, Lamyae; Atarraf, Karima; Arroud, Mounir; Afifi, Abderahman

    2016-01-01

    L'hydatidose est une affection parasitaire liée au développement chez l'homme de la forme larvaire d'un cestode, à savoir un tænia de très petite taille dénommé Echinococcus Granulosus. Cette anthropozoonose présente une diversité de formes anatomoradiologiques lié aux nombreux aspects topographiques et évolutifs des kystes. L'hydatidose osseuse est rare, elle ne représente que 0,9 à 2,5% de l'ensemble des localisations. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un enfant de 9 ans, qui a été admis chez nous pour une boiterie fébrile avec une masse au niveau de la fosse iliaque droite, révélant un kyste hydatique au dépend de l'os iliaque. Le bilan lésionnel avait objectivé un kyste hydatique de l'os iliaque avec extension aux parties molles adjacentes. Le traitement chirurgical conclu a un kyste surinfecté d'ou la réalisation d'une exérèse chirurgicale du kyste avec drainage. L'ostéopathie hydatique est infiltrante, diffuse, lente et progressive, ce qui rend le diagnostic tardif et qui compromet la qualité du traitement. PMID:27800081

  16. La fasciite nécrosante post opératoire: une complication rare et mortelle

    PubMed Central

    Ghezala, Hassen Ben; Feriani, Najla

    2016-01-01

    Les complications pariétales post opératoire peuvent être exceptionnellement majeures et graves menaçant le pronostic vital. La fasciite nécrosante est une infection rare de la peau et des tissus sous-cutanés profonds, se propageant le long des fascias et du tissu adipeux. Elle est surtout causée par le streptocoque du groupe A Streptococcus pyogènes mais également par d'autres bactéries telles que Vibrio vulnificus, clostridium perfringens ou Bacteroides fragilis. La fasciite nécrosante est une véritable urgence médicochirurgicale. Nous rapportons dans ce travail une observation très rare d'une gangrène pariétale abdominale survenant chez une patiente de 75 ans au cinquième jour post-opératoire d'un kyste de l'ovaire. L’évolution était marquée par l'installation d'un état de choc septique réfractaire rapidement fatal à J3 de la prise en charge. PMID:27279950

  17. La maladie cœliaque: une cause rare de fausses couches à répétition

    PubMed Central

    Kehila, Mehdi; Hmid, Rim Ben; Godcha, Imene; Abouda, Hassine Saber; Boujomaa, Oueslati; Chanoufi, Mohamed Badis

    2016-01-01

    La maladie cœliaque est un trouble auto-immun associé à une intolérance au Gluten qui a pour effet la destruction progressive des villosités de l’intestin grêle. Les symptômes de la maladie cœliaque sont très divers et peuvent se produire à tout âge. Parmi ces symptômes, la maladie abortive est une circonstance rare de découverte de la maladie cœliaque. Nous rapportons le cas d’une patiente ayant présenté 12 fausses couches successives dont l’étiologie a été enfin rattachée à une maladie cœliaque. PMID:28270902

  18. Health fairs bring wellness concepts to life.

    PubMed

    Serina, M; Giove, S

    1991-01-01

    Incorporated into the nursing curriculum, the health fair is a stimulating, unique, nontraditional educational project that examines effective health education tools, leadership skills, and interaction with the community. Students test theories and collaborate with other school disciplines while planning, implementing, and evaluating health education and health fair promotion. Health fairs help students to identify positive lifestyles and create opportunities to test the skills needed to improve the population's wellness level.

  19. Diagnostic tomodensitométrique d’une hernie de Spiegel étranglée: à propos d’une observation

    PubMed Central

    Akpo, Geraud; Deme, Hamidou; Badji, Nfally; Niang, Fallou; Toure, Mohamadou; Niang, Ibrahima; Diouf, Malick; Niang, El Hadj

    2016-01-01

    Nous rapportons un cas de hernie de Spiegel compliquée d'occlusion chez une femme de 86 ans dont le diagnostic a été posé à la tomodensitométrie Elle avait consulté aux urgences chirurgicales pour des douleurs de la fosse iliaque droite d'apparitions brutales associées à des vomissements. L'examen physique a retrouvé une patiente fébrile (38,2°), une masse localisée à la fosse iliaque droite ferme, sensible et mobile par rapport aux deux plans. La tomodensitométrie abdominale avait objectivé au niveau de la fosse iliaque droite, en avant de l'aponévrose du muscle oblique externe, un sac herniaire avec un collet mesuré à 13 mm. Il contenait de la graisse et une anse grêle en arceau présentant deux zones de transition donnant un aspect de double bec au niveau du collet. La paroi de l'anse incarcérée ne se rehaussait pas après injection de produit de contraste. Le diagnostic de hernie de spiegel étranglée avec signe d'ischémie artérielle de la paroi digestive a été retenu. Le traitement a été chirurgical avec des suites opératoires simples.

  20. The NUSTAR project at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nilsson, Thomas; the NUSTAR Collaboration

    2015-11-01

    The FAIR facility, under construction at the GSI site in Darmstadt, will be addressing a wealth of outstanding questions within the realm of subatomic, atomic, plasma, bio-physics and applications through a combination of novel accelerators, storage rings and innovative experimental set-ups. One of the key installations is the fragment separator Super-FRS that will be able to deliver an unprecedented range of radioactive ion beams in the energy range of 0-1.5 GeV u-1. These beams will be distributed to three branches, each with its unique domain with respect to beam energies and properties. The high-energy branch will permit reactions with radioactive beams at relativistic energies, whereas the low-energy branch will supply decelerated beams for high-resolution spectroscopy, traps and laser spectroscopy. Finally, the ring branch will uniquely permit stored and cooled exotic beams for a range of methods only possible in a storage ring. Thus, by developing experimental set-ups tailored for these beams, there are several complementary possibilities to gain information on key nuclei and reaction, to further our understanding on contemporary questions within nuclear structure and nuclear astrophysics. This ambitious programme is to be exploited within the nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions collaboration.

  1. Polyradiculonévrite inflammatoire démyélinisante chronique révélant une thrombocytémie essentielle

    PubMed Central

    Jaafoura, Neirouz Ghannouchi; Atig, Amira; Bouker, Ahmed; Alaoua, Omar; Khalifa, Mabrouk; Bahri, Fathi

    2014-01-01

    La polyradiculonévrite inflammatoire démyélinisante chronique est une affection rare qui se caractérise par une neuropathie sensitivo-motrice démyélinisante, segmentaire et multifocale de mécanisme probablement dys-immunitaire et répondant à un traitement immunomodulateur. Une étiologie sous jacente est retrouvée dans près de 40% des cas et peut être infectieuse, auto-immune ou tumorales que ce soit les néoplasies solides ou les hémopathies notamment les gammapathies monoclonales. Nous rapportons une association exceptionnelle de polyradiculonévrite inflammatoire démyélinisante chronique qui révèle une thrombocytémie essentielle. PMID:25722774

  2. Localisation humérale d'une tumeur à cellules géantes récidivantes (à propos d'un cas)

    PubMed Central

    Nader, Youssef; Serghini, Issam; Koulali, Idrissi Khalid; Salahi, Hicham; Galwia, Farid

    2015-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de localisation rare d'une tumeur à cellules géantes au niveau de la palette humérale du coude droit chez un militaire de 36 ans de sexe masculin, la radio standard montrait une image kystique ne soufflant pas la corticale. L'examen anatomo-pathologique a permis d’ établir le diagnostic et le traitement a fait appel: au début a une Exérèse chirurgicale totale et une greffe osseuse par un greffon iliaque de la totalité de la palette huméral qui s'est compliquée à 6 mois de recule d une récidive locale. PMID:25995809

  3. Schwannome benin primitif retrovesical: une tumeur très rare à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Beddouche, Ali; Fahsi, Othemane; Kallat, Adil; El Bote, Hicham; Ziani, Idriss; El Sayegh, Hachem; Iken, Ali; Benslimane, Lounis; Nouini, Yassine

    2016-01-01

    Le schwannome est une tumeur le plus souvent bénigne, d'origine nerveuse se développant à partir des cellules de la gaine de Schwann. C'est une tumeur très rare tant par sa fréquence que par sa localisation rétrovésicale. L'examen anatomopathologique et immunohistochimique confirme le type histologique ainsi que le caractère bénin ou malin du schwannome. En raison des récidives, et du risque de transformation maligne, l'exérèse doit être complète. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient âgé de 39 ans, admis pour une douleur pelvienne chronique à type de pesanteur, des signes irritatifs du bas appareil urinaire, et des troubles de transit. L'imagerie (échographie, TDM, IRM) a révélé la présence d'une masse pelvienne rétrovésicale, à paroi fine, latéralisée à gauche, mesurant 68x70x70 mm, exerçant un effet de masse sur la vessie et le sigmoïde. L'intervention chirurgicale menée par une laparotomie médiane a permis l'exérèse d'une masse retrovésicale bien encapsulée. L'examen anatomopathologique et immunohistochimique ont conclu à un schwannome bénin. La récidive et la transformation maligne bien que rare après chirurgie impose une surveillance post opératoire clinique et tomodensitométrique annuelle. PMID:27217902

  4. Copyright: Limitation on Exclusive Rights, Fair Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deely, Pat

    1976-01-01

    The fair use doctrine of copyright law is analyzed in view of its theoretical foundations. It is suggested that the foundation for building a legal defense around fair use must be that the particular use in question is, on the balance, in the greater public interest in developing science and useful art. (LBH)

  5. Experiencing Fairness at School: An International Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This paper uses survey responses from around 13,000 grade 9 pupils in French-speaking Belgium, the Czech Republic, England, France and Italy to examine their experiences of fairness in schools. Can differences between countries, types of schools or interactions with teachers, influence what pupils regard as fair, either at school or more widely?…

  6. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a...

  7. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a...

  8. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a...

  9. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a...

  10. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a...

  11. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Amendments Act of 1988, and this section to meet their fair housing responsibilities. (b) Affirmative Fair..., subpart M. (2) Loan or grant applicants must submit an AFHMP for Agency approval prior to loan closing or... if there is an adequate waiting list. (2) Posters, brochures, etc. Any radio, TV or...

  12. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Amendments Act of 1988, and this section to meet their fair housing responsibilities. (b) Affirmative Fair..., subpart M. (2) Loan or grant applicants must submit an AFHMP for Agency approval prior to loan closing or... if there is an adequate waiting list. (2) Posters, brochures, etc. Any radio, TV or...

  13. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Amendments Act of 1988, and this section to meet their fair housing responsibilities. (b) Affirmative Fair..., subpart M. (2) Loan or grant applicants must submit an AFHMP for Agency approval prior to loan closing or... if there is an adequate waiting list. (2) Posters, brochures, etc. Any radio, TV or...

  14. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Amendments Act of 1988, and this section to meet their fair housing responsibilities. (b) Affirmative Fair..., subpart M. (2) Loan or grant applicants must submit an AFHMP for Agency approval prior to loan closing or... if there is an adequate waiting list. (2) Posters, brochures, etc. Any radio, TV or...

  15. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Amendments Act of 1988, and this section to meet their fair housing responsibilities. (b) Affirmative Fair..., subpart M. (2) Loan or grant applicants must submit an AFHMP for Agency approval prior to loan closing or... if there is an adequate waiting list. (2) Posters, brochures, etc. Any radio, TV or...

  16. Making sense of fairness in sports.

    PubMed

    Murray, Thomas H

    2010-01-01

    Cheating evolves constantly. Dozens of athletes were barred from the Winter Olympics for taking banned substances. Gene doping is on the horizon. Questions have arisen about which athletes count as "female." What does it take to keep sports fair? And what does fairness require?

  17. The Entrepreneur Fair: Fifth Grade Student Businesses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary…

  18. What Do We Mean by FAIR?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Liz

    2011-01-01

    "Fair" is a word people are hearing a lot at the moment if they listen to political discussion. There is much debate about how it means different things to politicians of different hues and can be used to justify seemly contradictory courses of action. In science, "fair" is also a word that is used by children and teachers in different ways.…

  19. A Standards-Based Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rillero, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In standards-based science fairs, children learn more about what they are interested in. They deepen understandings of how science works and improve inquiry skills--including the ability to communicate and share research results. Parents learn more about science inquiry and their child's science abilities. The standards-based science fair builds…

  20. Fair Shares, Matey, or Walk the Plank

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, P. Holt; Myers, Marrielle; Edgington, Cyndi; Confrey, Jere

    2012-01-01

    Whether sharing a collection of toys among friends or a pie for dessert, children as young as kindergarten age are keen on making sure that everyone gets their "fair share." In the classroom, fair-sharing activities call for creating equal-size groups from a collection of objects or creating equal-size parts of a whole and are generally used by…

  1. 12 CFR 1011.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair housing. 1011.27 Section 1011.27 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND STANDARDS (REGULATION K) Sales Practices and Standards § 1011.27 Fair housing. Title VIII of the...

  2. 12 CFR 1011.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair housing. 1011.27 Section 1011.27 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND STANDARDS (REGULATION K) Sales Practices and Standards § 1011.27 Fair housing. Title VIII of the...

  3. 12 CFR 1011.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair housing. 1011.27 Section 1011.27 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND STANDARDS (REGULATION K) Sales Practices and Standards § 1011.27 Fair housing. Title VIII of the...

  4. High school science fair and research integrity

    PubMed Central

    Dalley, Simon; Shepherd, Karen; Reisch, Joan

    2017-01-01

    Research misconduct has become an important matter of concern in the scientific community. The extent to which such behavior occurs early in science education has received little attention. In the current study, using the web-based data collection program REDCap, we obtained responses to an anonymous and voluntary survey about science fair from 65 high school students who recently competed in the Dallas Regional Science and Engineering Fair and from 237 STEM-track, post-high school students (undergraduates, 1st year medical students, and 1st year biomedical graduate students) doing research at UT Southwestern Medical Center. Of the post-high school students, 24% had competed in science fair during their high school education. Science fair experience was similar overall for the local cohort of Dallas regional students and the more diverse state/national cohort of post-high school students. Only one student out of 122 reported research misconduct, in his case making up the data. Unexpectedly, post-high school students who did not participate in science fair anticipated that carrying out science fair would be much more difficult than actually was the case, and 22% of the post-high school students anticipated that science fair participants would resort to research misconduct to overcome obstacles. No gender-based differences between students’ science fair experiences or expectations were evident. PMID:28328976

  5. Science Fair Project Index 1981-1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Cynthia, Ed.; Crowe, Deborah, Ed.

    This second supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1981 through 1984. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

  6. NEW IDEAS FOR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECTS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FARMER, ROBERT A.; SAWYER, ROGER WILLIAMS

    THIS GUIDE FOR THE SCIENCE FAIR PARTICIPANTS BEGINS WITH A CHAPTER ON THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND THE SCIENCE FAIR, AND CONTINUES THROUGH THE FIVE CHAPTERS OF PART ONE, PLANNING AND EXECUTING YOUR PROJECT, TO EXPLAIN THE DETAILS INVOLVED IN SELECTING, DEVELOPING, AND EXHIBITING A PROJECT. PART II OF THE VOLUME CONSIDERS THE STRUCTURE OF SCIENCE…

  7. Science Fair Scene: Turning Ideas into Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McQueen, David R.

    1991-01-01

    Outlines the steps necessary to conduct a science fair project and examines two specific examples of how a basic idea for a science fair topic can be followed to its completion. Provides examples of day-to-day operational science in a basic botany project and a lunar geography project. (JJK)

  8. Science Fair Project Index 1973-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akron - Summit County Public Library, OH.

    This supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1973 through 1980. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

  9. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair treatment. 735.111 Section 735.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair...

  10. High school science fair and research integrity.

    PubMed

    Grinnell, Frederick; Dalley, Simon; Shepherd, Karen; Reisch, Joan

    2017-01-01

    Research misconduct has become an important matter of concern in the scientific community. The extent to which such behavior occurs early in science education has received little attention. In the current study, using the web-based data collection program REDCap, we obtained responses to an anonymous and voluntary survey about science fair from 65 high school students who recently competed in the Dallas Regional Science and Engineering Fair and from 237 STEM-track, post-high school students (undergraduates, 1st year medical students, and 1st year biomedical graduate students) doing research at UT Southwestern Medical Center. Of the post-high school students, 24% had competed in science fair during their high school education. Science fair experience was similar overall for the local cohort of Dallas regional students and the more diverse state/national cohort of post-high school students. Only one student out of 122 reported research misconduct, in his case making up the data. Unexpectedly, post-high school students who did not participate in science fair anticipated that carrying out science fair would be much more difficult than actually was the case, and 22% of the post-high school students anticipated that science fair participants would resort to research misconduct to overcome obstacles. No gender-based differences between students' science fair experiences or expectations were evident.

  11. Science Fairs in Elementary School. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balas, Andrea K.

    This digest presents a summary discussion of the value of holding science fairs in the elementary school context. Reasons for conducting science fairs for elementary students are discussed in terms of several learning theories. Developmentally appropriate types of elementary science projects are suggested. Goals for elementary school science fairs…

  12. Theory of Mind Enhances Preference for Fairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takagishi, Haruto; Kameshima, Shinya; Schug, Joanna; Koizumi, Michiko; Yamagishi, Toshio

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of theory of mind in fairness-related behavior in preschoolers and to introduce a tool for examining fairness-related behavior in children. A total of 68 preschoolers played the Ultimatum Game in a face-to-face setting. Acquisition of theory of mind was defined as the understanding of false…

  13. Helicopter hub fairing and pylon interference drag

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graham, D. R.; Sung, D. Y.; Young, L. A.; Louie, A. W.; Stroub, R. H.

    1989-01-01

    A wind tunnel test was conducted to study the aerodynamics of helicopter hub and pylon fairings. The test was conducted in the 7-by 10 Foot Subsonic Wind Tunnel (Number 2) at Ames Research Center using a 1/5-scale XH-59A fuselage model. The primary focus of the test was on the rotor hub fairing and pylon mutual interference drag. Parametric studies of pylon and hub fairing geometry were also conducted. This report presents the major findings of the test as well as tabulated force and moment data, flow visualization photographs, and graphical presentations of the drag data. The test results indicate that substantial drag reduction can be attained through the use of a cambered hub fairing with circular arc upper surface and flat lower surface. Furthermore, a considerable portion of the overall drag reduction is attributed to the reduction in the hub-on-pylon interference drag. It is also observed that the lower surface curvature of the fairing has a strong influence on the hub fairing and on pylon interference drag. However, the drag reduction benefit that was obtained by using the cambered hub fairing with a flat lower surface was adversely affected by the clearance between the hub fairing and the pylon.

  14. Botany: High-School Science Fair Experiments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dashefsky, H. Steven

    This book for high school students presents 20 different science fair projects that provide an opportunity to learn how plants are affected by natural and man-made influences on their environments. Many experiments in the book were adapted from original International Science and Engineering Fair projects. Each project includes in-depth background…

  15. 7 CFR 51.3204 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... § 51.3204 Fairly firm. Fairly firm means that the onion may yield slightly to moderate pressure but...

  16. 7 CFR 51.2843 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... Fairly firm. Fairly firm means that the onion may yield slightly to moderate pressure but is...

  17. 7 CFR 51.3204 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... § 51.3204 Fairly firm. Fairly firm means that the onion may yield slightly to moderate pressure but...

  18. 7 CFR 51.2843 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... Fairly firm. Fairly firm means that the onion may yield slightly to moderate pressure but is...

  19. 7 CFR 51.2843 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... Creole Types) Definitions § 51.2843 Fairly firm. Fairly firm means that the onion may yield slightly...

  20. 7 CFR 51.2843 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... Fairly firm. Fairly firm means that the onion may yield slightly to moderate pressure but is...

  1. 7 CFR 51.2843 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... Creole Types) Definitions § 51.2843 Fairly firm. Fairly firm means that the onion may yield slightly...

  2. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... clean. Fairly clean means that at least 90 percent of the potatoes in any lot are reasonably free...

  3. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... clean. Fairly clean means that at least 90 percent of the potatoes in any lot are reasonably free...

  4. 7 CFR 51.1012 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1012 Fairly firm. Fairly firm means that the fruit...

  5. 7 CFR 51.1870 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1870 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato...

  6. 7 CFR 51.608 - Fairly compact.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946... Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.608 Fairly compact. Fairly compact means that...

  7. How To Host a Library Technology Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaudin, Charles

    2000-01-01

    Describes how the Northwestern State University library organized a successful technology fair that focused on the library and campus technology. Discusses reasons for organizing the fair, including the introduction of new workstations; academic department participation; vendor participation; marketing strategies and communication; and student…

  8. The First New York Book Fair Catalog.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warm Neck, Cambridge, MA.

    The organizers of the First New York Book Fair have listed the alternative presses that brought exhibits to the fair, as well as organizations interested in the non-establishment publications scene. According to the introduction, some directions taken by the new publishers are "new life-styles, ecology, mysticism, and spiritual awareness,…

  9. 78 FR 36011 - Region VII Regulatory Fairness Board; Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ... ADMINISTRATION Region VII Regulatory Fairness Board; Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). ACTION: Notice of open meeting of the Regional (Region VII) Small... Region VII Regulatory Fairness Board must contact Jeanna Trenkamp by June 17, 2013 in writing, by fax...

  10. 78 FR 30384 - Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing; Region X Regulatory Fairness Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-22

    ... ADMINISTRATION Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing; Region X Regulatory Fairness Board AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). ACTION: Notice of open meeting of the Regional (Region X) Small... requested. Anyone wishing to attend and/or make a presentation to the Region X Regulatory Fairness...

  11. When fairness matters less than we expect

    PubMed Central

    Cooney, Gus; Gilbert, Daniel T.; Wilson, Timothy D.

    2016-01-01

    Do those who allocate resources know how much fairness will matter to those who receive them? Across seven studies, allocators used either a fair or unfair procedure to determine which of two receivers would receive the most money. Allocators consistently overestimated the impact that the fairness of the allocation procedure would have on the happiness of receivers (studies 1–3). This happened because the differential fairness of allocation procedures is more salient before an allocation is made than it is afterward (studies 4 and 5). Contrary to allocators’ predictions, the average receiver was happier when allocated more money by an unfair procedure than when allocated less money by a fair procedure (studies 6 and 7). These studies suggest that when allocators are unable to overcome their own preallocation perspectives and adopt the receivers’ postallocation perspectives, they may allocate resources in ways that do not maximize the net happiness of receivers. PMID:27638203

  12. When fairness matters less than we expect.

    PubMed

    Cooney, Gus; Gilbert, Daniel T; Wilson, Timothy D

    2016-10-04

    Do those who allocate resources know how much fairness will matter to those who receive them? Across seven studies, allocators used either a fair or unfair procedure to determine which of two receivers would receive the most money. Allocators consistently overestimated the impact that the fairness of the allocation procedure would have on the happiness of receivers (studies 1-3). This happened because the differential fairness of allocation procedures is more salient before an allocation is made than it is afterward (studies 4 and 5). Contrary to allocators' predictions, the average receiver was happier when allocated more money by an unfair procedure than when allocated less money by a fair procedure (studies 6 and 7). These studies suggest that when allocators are unable to overcome their own preallocation perspectives and adopt the receivers' postallocation perspectives, they may allocate resources in ways that do not maximize the net happiness of receivers.

  13. Une démangeaison incurable

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Christine H.; Goldman, Ran D.

    2012-01-01

    Résumé Question Dans de nombreuses communautés, on continue à voir survenir des infestations de poux de tête. Certains enfants ont besoin de multiples traitements avant que les poux soient éradiqués. Quels sont les traitements actuellement recommandés pour se débarrasser des poux de tête? Réponse Les infestations de poux de tête (Pediculus humanus capitis) sont fréquentes, surtout chez les enfants d’âge scolaire. Pour minimiser la résistance des poux, l’utilisation des insecticides et la stigmatisation sociale, on devrait limiter le diagnostic et le traitement à ceux qui ont des poux vivants sur le cuir chevelu. Les options de prise en charge prennent surtout la forme de thérapies topiques ou de l’enlèvement physique. Il y a peu d’études importantes qui comparent l’efficacité de ces traitements. Si on utilise des insecticides topiques, il faut répéter le traitement environ 7 jours après et si on a recours au peigne fin sur cheveux mouillés, il faut le faire aux 2 à 3 jours pendant 2 semaines. Les tendances dans la résistance des poux varient grandement selon la région et la résistance est maintenant la cause la plus fréquente de l’échec du traitement.

  14. Fair share on high performance computing systems : what does fair really mean?

    SciTech Connect

    Clearwater, Scott Harvey; Kleban, Stephen David

    2003-03-01

    We report on a performance evaluation of a Fair Share system at the ASCI Blue Mountain supercomputer cluster. We study the impacts of share allocation under Fair Share on wait times and expansion factor. We also measure the Service Ratio, a typical figure of merit for Fair Share systems, with respect to a number of job parameters. We conclude that Fair Share does little to alter important performance metrics such as expansion factor. This leads to the question of what Fair Share means on cluster machines. The essential difference between Fair Share on a uni-processor and a cluster is that the workload on a cluster is not fungible in space or time. We find that cluster machines must be highly utilized and support checkpointing in order for Fair Share to function more closely to the spirit in which it was originally developed.

  15. La miliaire hépatique: une présentation échographique rare de la tuberculose hépatique découverte chez un adolescent immuno-compétent

    PubMed Central

    N'goran, Kouamé; Akaffou, Evelyne; Konan, Anhum Nicaise; N'goan-Domoua, Anne-Marie

    2011-01-01

    Ce cas clinique rapporte un cas de tuberculose hépatique de présentation échographique exceptionnelle. Nous avons réalisé l’échographie abdominale d'un adolescent de 12 ans, immuno-compétent, sans notion de contage tuberculeux, se plaignant de douleur abdominale chronique évoluant depuis 8 mois associée à des signes frustres d‘imprégnation tuberculeuse. L'examen échographique a été réalisé à l'aide d'un appareil écho-doppler de marque Logic 400 de la firme General Electric. L’échographie abdominale a mis en évidence, une hépatomégalie comportant de multiples micro-abcès hypoéchogènes homogènes, mesurant entre 3 et 4 mm de diamètre et disséminés dans tout le parenchyme hépatique donnant l'aspect de miliaire. Une ascite de moyenne abondance localisée dans le pelvis a été objectivée. Il n'y avait pas d'adénopathies profondes ni de nodules péritonéaux. La ponction biopsie hépatique sous guidage échographique a permis de faire le diagnostic de tuberculose hépatique à l'histologie et à la bactériologie. Le patient a été mis sous traitement spécifique avec une surveillance échographique mensuelle. La disparition des micro-abcès et le tarissement de l'ascite ont été obtenus au bout du 4ème mois du traitement. Celle de l'hépatomégalie est survenue un mois plus tard. L’échographie joue un rôle très important dans la détection précoce de la tuberculose hépatique, son diagnostic précis et la surveillance du traitement. Lors de sa réalisation dans un contexte de douleur abdominale chronique chez l'enfant, l’échographiste devrait évoquer le diagnostic de tuberculose hépatique devant une hépatomégalie multi-micro-abcédée, même chez l'enfant immuno-compétent. PMID:22355417

  16. Afibrinogénémie congénitale: à propos d’une observation

    PubMed Central

    Assani, Karim; Karboubi, Lamya; Dakhama, Badr Sououd Benjelloun

    2016-01-01

    L’afibrinogénémie est une dyscrasie rare caractérisée par un déficit constitutionnel en fibrinogène. Elle se transmet sur un mode autosomique récessif. Les manifestations hémorragiques sont variables et peuvent mettre en jeu le pronostic vital. Un peu plus de 250 cas ont été publiés à nos jours. Nous rapportons un nouveau cas d’afibrinogénémie congénitale chez une enfant de 3 ans et demi hospitalisée pour hématémèse de moyenne abondance. A travers ce cas, nous rappelons les différents aspects de cette affection sur les plans clinique, biologique, génétique ainsi que thérapeutique. PMID:28293349

  17. 7 CFR 51.494b - Fairly well netted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well netted. 51.494b Section 51.494b....494b Fairly well netted. Fairly well netted means that to an extent characteristic of the variety the cantaloup is fairly well covered with fairly good netting....

  18. 7 CFR 51.494b - Fairly well netted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well netted. 51.494b Section 51.494b....494b Fairly well netted. Fairly well netted means that to an extent characteristic of the variety the cantaloup is fairly well covered with fairly good netting....

  19. Epiplooplastie médiastinale dans le traitement d'une médiastinite post chirurgie cardiaque: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Labsaili, Hicham; Borik, Waseem; Demondion, Pierre; Leprince, Pascal

    2014-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient diabétique et obèse, opéré d'une chirurgie de revascularisation myocardique avec l'utilisation des deux artères mammaires internes comme greffon. L'intervention s'est compliquée d'une médiastinite traitée premièrement à thorax fermé et secondairement par une épiplooplastie. Cette technique reste efficace dans les médiastinites graves et délabrantes. Tout chirurgien cardiaque et digestif doit la connaitre. PMID:25883735

  20. Teaching Fair Use with Astronomy Imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Plagiarism among students is most common because of a misunderstanding of copyright and fair use. Images and text are frequently used without proper credit to the original author, and works are frequently acknowledged improperly. For example, space imagery is often used in posters, presentations, on the web, on Facebook, and even in the classrooms, but often are not properly cited. A lesson plan on fair use is presented, outlining what constitutes fair use and how to properly acknowledge the work done by artists and authors everywhere, with examples drawn from the Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD).

  1. Méningite récurrente révélant une maladie de Behçet: à propos de deux cas

    PubMed Central

    Lamzaf, Laila; Harmouche, Hicham; Alaoui-Bennesser, Habiba; Mezalek, Zoubida Tazi; Adnaoui, Mohamed; Aouni, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Les étiologies des méningites sont surtout infectieuses. Les causes non infectieuses, sont souvent de diagnostic difficile et incertain, tel est le cas de la maladie de Behçet. Nous rapportons deux observations de patients ayant présenté des épisodes récurrents de méningite. Dans un premier temps, la suspicion d'une étiologie infectieuse a conduit à introduire un traitement anti-infectieux probabiliste. La découverte à posteriori d'une aphtose bipolaire a permis de poser le diagnostic de maladie de Behçet. Une corticothérapie s'est révélée efficace. La maladie de Behçet doit toujours faire partie des diagnostics différentiels des méningites récurrentes. PMID:25584126

  2. Off-Air Fair Use and Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connet, Michael R.

    1986-01-01

    Offers information about the legal implications of recording broadcast copyrighted programs. Examines Copyright Law provisions, regulated use and fair use of off-air recordings, and systematizing and establishing routine procedures for off-air recording. (DMM)

  3. Science Fairs: A Primer for Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamrick, Linda; Harty, Harold

    1983-01-01

    Guidelines for parents whose children may be involved in preparing a science fair project are outlined and discussed. Suggests that this article (or a teacher prepared letter) be sent home with students when they are assigned a science project. (JN)

  4. Fairness heuristic theory: valid but not empirical.

    PubMed

    Arnadóttir, Steinvör Pöll

    2002-09-01

    Fairness heuristic theory is concerned with how people react to outcomes of their dealings with authorities, and makes some predictions concerning the relationship between perceived fairness of procedures, perceived fairness of outcomes and acceptance of outcomes. Although considerable effort has been put into establishing empirical evidence for the theory, it is argued that such efforts have no bearing upon the truth of the theory. Central propositions of fairness heuristic theory that have recently been tested empirically are examined and found to be nonempirical and noncontingent. The propositions, it is argued, are necessary truths of commonsense psychology that are not falsifiable by empirical outcomes. Hence, empirical research designed to test them, it is argued, is fruitless and misguided.

  5. Fairness emergence from zero-intelligence agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duan, Wen-Qi; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2010-02-01

    Fairness plays a key role in explaining the emergence and maintenance of cooperation. Opponent-oriented social utility models were often proposed to explain the origins of fairness preferences in which agents take into account not only their own outcomes but are also concerned with the outcomes of their opponents. Here, we propose a payoff-oriented mechanism in which agents update their beliefs only based on the payoff signals of the previous ultimatum game, regardless of the behaviors and outcomes of the opponents themselves. Employing adaptive ultimatum game, we show that (1) fairness behaviors can emerge out even under such minimalist assumptions, provided that agents are capable of responding to their payoff signals, (2) the average game payoff per agent per round decreases with the increasing discrepancy rate between the average giving rate and the average asking rate, and (3) the belief update process will lead to 50%-50% fair split provided that there is no mutation in the evolutionary dynamics.

  6. La duplication rectale de l'adulte: une cause exceptionnelle de masse pelvienne

    PubMed Central

    El Fahssi, Mohammed; Baba, Hicham; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    La duplication rectale est une anomalie constitutionnelle rare du tube digestif, elle représente 5% des duplications digestives son diagnostic se fait habituellement au tour de la période néonatale ou pendant les premières années de vie et ce n'est qu'exceptionnellement que son diagnostic reste méconnu jusqu’à l’âge adulte. Nous rapportant le cas d'une duplication rectale chez une femme de 41 ans se plaignant de douleurs pelviennes, l'examen clinique suivi des examens complémentaires ont suspecté le diagnostic la patiente est opérée par un abord antérieur isolé, permettant l'exérèse de la totalité de la masse kystique dont examen anatomo-pathologique confirme le diagnostic de duplication rectale kystique postérieure non communicante. L’évolution postopératoire est satisfaisante sans morbidité sur un recul de 20 mois. PMID:26985264

  7. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does not average more than 1/2 inch...

  8. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does not average more than 1/2 inch...

  9. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ....1555 Fairly well matured. Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the...

  10. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....1555 Fairly well matured. Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the...

  11. Aerodynamic Design of a Locomotive Fairing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stucki, Chad; Maynes, Daniel

    2016-11-01

    Rising fuel cost has motivated increased fuel efficiency of freight trains. At cruising speed, the largest contributing factor to the fuel consumption is the aerodynamic drag. As a result of air stagnation at the front of the train and substantial flow separation behind, the leading locomotive and trailing railcar experience greater drag than intermediate cars. This work introduces the design of streamlined nose fairings to be attached to freight locomotives as a means of reducing the leading locomotive drag. The aerodynamic performance of each fairing design is modeled using a commercial CFD software package. The K-epsilon turbulence model is used, and fluid properties are equivalent to atmospheric air at standard conditions. A selection of isolated screening studies are performed, and a multidimensional regression is used to predict optimal-performing fairing designs. Between screening studies, careful examination of the flow field is performed to inspire subsequent fairing designs. Results are presented for 250 different nose fairings. The best performing fairing geometry predicts a nominal drag reduction of 17% on the lead locomotive in a train set. This drag reduction is expected to result in nearly 1% fuel savings for the entire train.

  12. Une recension des écrits concernant la réalité psychoaffective des femmes ayant une vulvodynie : Difficultés rencontrées et stratégies développées

    PubMed Central

    Cantin-Drouin, Maude; Damant, Dominique; Turcotte, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    HISTORIQUE : Au cours des trois dernières décennies, une attention grandissante a été portée à l’étude du syndrome de vulvodynie, soit un inconfort vulvaire chronique inexpliqué, éprouvé en l’absence de pathologie précisée. En plus d’avoir des répercussions physiques, l’expérience de la vulvodynie comporte une dimension psychosociale. OBJECTIF : Cet article vise à faire une recension des écrits sur la réalité psychoaffective des femmes qui éprouvent une vulvodynie. MÉTHODE : Une recherche documentaire basée sur une exploration systématique de textes présentant des résultats de recherche et recensés dans les principales banques de données en sciences sociales, dont Dissertation Abstracts, Current Contents et PsycINFO, a été réalisée. RÉSULTATS : Cette recension des écrits révèle, malgré la présence de certains résultats divergents, que les femmes ayant une vulvodynie affrontent souvent des difficultés identitaires et psychologiques, qui sont influencées notamment par les normes sociales de sexualité et de féminité. Pour composer avec ces difficultés, les femmes développent différentes stratégies visant à diminuer le stress occasionné par la douleur et à améliorer leur bien-être psychologique. CONCLUSION : Les difficultés relationnelles et psychologiques vécues par les femmes ayant une vulvodynie ne découlent pas seulement de la douleur physique, mais aussi du sens qu’elles lui accordent, souvent influencé par les discours sociaux sur l’hétérosexualité et la féminité. Il importe donc d’intervenir auprès des femmes en tenant compte de l’influence du contexte social tout en poursuivant le développement des connaissances sur les aspects psychosociaux de cette expérience. PMID:18592063

  13. Une maladie immunoproliférative de l'intestin grêle révélée par une invagination intestinale aigue: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Bennani, Amal; Znati, Kaoutar; Rezzouk, Salima; Bouhadouti, Hicham; Maazaz, Khalid; Amarti, Affaf

    2014-01-01

    La maladie immunoproliférative de l'intestin grêle IPSID est un lymphome rare qui se développé à partir du système lymphoïde associé aux muqueuses au niveau de l'intestin grêle. Sa révélation par une invagination intestinale aigue est exceptionnelle et n'a jamais été rapporté dans la littérature auparavant. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient de 65ans, admis aux urgences dans un tableau d'invagination intestinale aigue. Le scanner abdominal a mis en évidence masse grêlique à paroi concentrique avec incarcération du segment mésentérique au sein de la lésion fortement évocatrice d'une invagination intestinale. Le patient a été opéré et a bénéficié d'une résection iléale emportant le boudin d'invagination. L'examen histologique de la masse a été en faveur d'une maladie des chaines alpha transformée en un lymphome B diffus à grandes cellules. Les auteurs rapportent un cas rare d'une IPSID révélée par une invagination intestinale aigue et à travers cette observation, mettent en relief les principaux aspects cliniques, histologiques, thérapeutiques de cette entité avec une revue de la littérature. PMID:24932323

  14. Fairness algorithm of the resilient packet ring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tu, Lai; Huang, Benxiong; Zhang, Fan; Wang, Xiaoling

    2004-04-01

    Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) is a newly developed Layer 2 access technology for ring topology based high speed network. Fairness Algorithm (FA), one of its key technologies, takes responsibility for regulating each station access to the ring. Since different methods emphasize particularly on different aspects, the RPR Work Group have tabled several proposals. This paper will discuss two of them and propose an improved algorithm, which can be seen as a generalization of the two schemes proposed in [1] and [2]. The new algorithm is a distributed algorithm, and uses a multi level feedback mechanism. Each station calculates its own fair rate to regulate its access to the ring, and sends fairness control message (FCM) with its bandwidth demand information to the whole ring. All stations keep a bandwidth demand image, which update periodically based on the information of received FCM. The image can be used for local fair rate calculation to achieve fair access. In the properties study section of this paper, we compare our algorithm with the two existing one both in theoretical method and in scenario simulation. Our algorithm has successfully resolve lack of the awareness of multi congestion points in [1] and the drawback of weakness of fault tolerance in [2].

  15. Jumeaux conjoints au niveau d’une omphalocèle commune avec extrophie cloacale et ambigüité sexuelle

    PubMed Central

    Boujoual, Majdouline; Madani, Hamid; Benhaddou, Housain; Belahcen, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Les jumeaux conjoints sont considérés comme étant une complication rare et grave des grossesses monozygotes. Le diagnostic anténatal permet de définir avec précision les structures communes, de rechercher une anomalie congénitale associée, d'organiser l´accouchement et la prise en charge néonatale. Nous présentons un cas rare de jumeaux conjoints dont la fusion se situait au niveau d'une omphalocèle commune associée à une extrophie cloacale, ambiguïté sexuelle et pieds bots. Le diagnostic a été méconnu pendant la grossesse, ce qui a engendré une dystocie lors de l'accouchement. L'issue a été fatale malgré une tentative de séparation et des mesures de réanimation. Ce cas illustre la difficulté liée d'une part à la méconnaissance du diagnostic, d'autre part au caractère urgent de la césarienne et de la séparation chirurgicale. PMID:25170387

  16. 76 FR 26333 - National Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing Region III Regulatory Fairness Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-06

    ... ADMINISTRATION National Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing Region III Regulatory Fairness Board AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). ACTION: Notice of open hearing of the Regional (Region... U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) Region III Regional Small Business Regulatory...

  17. A Spoonful of Fairness: Training in Fairness Principles Helps Communicate Bad News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Streicher, Bernhard; Graupmann, Verena; Weisweiler, Silke

    2014-01-01

    Fairness training was examined in its effect on resulting third party perceptions of communicating a negative outcome. Twenty-nine students were videotaped communicating an unfavourable decision twice within a one-week interval: before and after having participated in fairness training, or--in the control group--remaining untrained. Results showed…

  18. Science Fair Scene: How to Conduct a Science-Fair Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McQueen, David R.

    1991-01-01

    Advice on how to transform a practical idea into a first-class science fair project is provided. How to do scientific research, what to include in a science fair report, how to pick a topic, when to begin, writing the report, and making the display are topics of discussion. (KR)

  19. What's fair is fair--or is it? Value differences underlying public views about social justice.

    PubMed

    Rasinski, K A

    1987-07-01

    Individual differences in judgments of the fairness of various sociopolitical phenomena were examined in three surveys. Scales measuring two value dimensions thought to underlie the meaning of fairness were constructed, and survey respondents endorsing these different values were compared on their evaluation of the procedural and distributive fairness of political objects. Those endorsing the value of proportionality, hypothesized by equity theorists to underlie fairness judgments, judged equity-based public policies to be fairer than equality-based policies and judged that Ronald Reagan would be a fairer president than Walter Mondale. These people also emphasized the procedural aspects of government when judging government fairness. Respondents endorsing the value of egalitarianism, hypothesized by developmental theorists and some political philosophers to underlie fairness judgments, judged equality-based public policies to be fairer than equity-based policies and judged that Mondale would be a fairer president than Reagan. These people emphasized the distributive aspects of government when judging government fairness. Results support the naive moral philosopher image of the individual as judge of political objects (Tyler, 1984a). Political fairness judgments are ideological responses and are subject to the influence of the value structure of the judge (Tetlock, 1986).

  20. Trust, confidence, procedural fairness, outcome fairness, moral conviction, and the acceptance of GM field experiments.

    PubMed

    Siegrist, Michael; Connor, Melanie; Keller, Carmen

    2012-08-01

    In 2005, Swiss citizens endorsed a moratorium on gene technology, resulting in the prohibition of the commercial cultivation of genetically modified crops and the growth of genetically modified animals until 2013. However, scientific research was not affected by this moratorium, and in 2008, GMO field experiments were conducted that allowed us to examine the factors that influence their acceptance by the public. In this study, trust and confidence items were analyzed using principal component analysis. The analysis revealed the following three factors: "economy/health and environment" (value similarity based trust), "trust and honesty of industry and scientists" (value similarity based trust), and "competence" (confidence). The results of a regression analysis showed that all the three factors significantly influenced the acceptance of GM field experiments. Furthermore, risk communication scholars have suggested that fairness also plays an important role in the acceptance of environmental hazards. We, therefore, included measures for outcome fairness and procedural fairness in our model. However, the impact of fairness may be moderated by moral conviction. That is, fairness may be significant for people for whom GMO is not an important issue, but not for people for whom GMO is an important issue. The regression analysis showed that, in addition to the trust and confidence factors, moral conviction, outcome fairness, and procedural fairness were significant predictors. The results suggest that the influence of procedural fairness is even stronger for persons having high moral convictions compared with persons having low moral convictions.

  1. Getting a Fair Share: Attitudes and Perceptions of Biobank Stakeholders Concerning the Fairness of Sample Sharing.

    PubMed

    Colledge, Flora; Elger, Bernice

    2015-07-01

    Biobanks are essential tools for furthering a broad range of medical research areas. However, despite the plethora of national and international laws and guidelines which apply to them, the access and sharing policies of biobanks are only sparsely addressed by regulatory bodies. The 'give and take' process of biosample sharing is largely left up to biobank stakeholders themselves to oversee; it is therefore both in stakeholders' power, and in their interest, to ensure that sample accessibility is fair. This is an important step in motivating researchers to collaborate and pool samples, and is crucial to fostering trust in the absence of universally accepted standard practices. To date, little attention has been paid to how fairness considerations affect scientific material sharing, and no empirical research has been carried out to determine the role that fairness plays in collaborative studies. In order to begin to gain understanding in this area, we interviewed 36 biobank stakeholders currently working in Switzerland, focusing on their perceptions of current and optimal fair sharing practices. Our findings reveal that fairness is an important feature of exchange situations for these stakeholders, and that they have well-formed notions about the practical elements of fair sample access, although ideas about the concept of fairness itself are vague. In order to support efforts to network biobanks, attention should be paid to this issue to reassure all involved that they are getting a fair share in their cooperative efforts.

  2. Forme pseudo tumorale d'une pneumopathie chronique à éosinophiles d’évolution fatale

    PubMed Central

    Hammoune, Nabil; El Guendouz, Faycal; Elhaddad, Siham; Janah, Hicham; Hommadi, Abdelaziz

    2015-01-01

    La pneumopathie chronique idiopathique à éosinophile est une pathologie rare, de cause inconnue, caractérisée par des opacités pulmonaires périphériques, une éosinophilie périphérique >1000/mm3 et /ou une éosinophilie alvéolaire >25%. Le diagnostic est difficile à cause de la non spécificité des signes cliniques et radiologiques. Le traitement se base essentiellement sur la corticothérapie. L’évolution est généralement favorable. Nous rapportons un cas de cette entité rare dans sa forme pseudotumorale sans hyperéosinophilie, de diagnostic tardif suite à l’étude histologique de la lobectomie chirurgicale et d’évolution fatale. PMID:26113897

  3. Toxoplasmose oculaire atypique chez une femme congolaise de 72 ans: à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Bienvenu, Yogolelo Asani; Angel, Musau Nkola; Eric, Kasamba Ilunga; Socrate, Kapalu Mwangala; Sebastien, Mbuyi Musanzayi; Philippe, Cilundika Mulenga; Leon, Kabamba Ngombe; Bruno, Iye Ombamba Kayimba; Gaby, Chenge Borasisi

    2015-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de toxoplasmose oculaire binoculaire, rarement décrit dans la littérature, chez une personne âgée de 72 ans, de sexe féminin, à laquelle s'associe une rétinite pigmentaire unilatérale. Cette observation permet d'attirer l'attention de la communauté scientifique sur les autres formes ou variétés de présentation moins courantes, « atypiques », pouvant être rencontrées ou associées à la toxoplasmose oculaire. PMID:26958130

  4. A 90° fair circular waveguide bend.

    PubMed

    Yu, Xin-hua; Deng, Ji-liang; Cao, Wei-ping; Li, Si-min; Gao, Xi; Jiang, Yan-nan

    2015-01-01

    We propose a synthesis method to design a 90° bent fair circular waveguide TE01 mode transition based on the non-uniform rational B-spline technique. The transition by this method has advantages of small geometry, high transmission with wide band and high profile fairness. An example of design of such a transition is presented. The simulation shows that the transition exhibits a transmission as high as 99.3% at the central frequency 35 GHz and has a bandwidth of 16.7% when keeping the transmission over 95%. Furthermore, the profile is extremely fair, which meets the requirements to decrease the geometry errors between actual device and its design, to reduce the machining difficulty in the machining process. The hot test data indicate that good transmission of the TE01 mode is obtained.

  5. Progress of the FAIR Cryogenic System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kauschke, M.; Kollmus, H.; Martinez-Lopez, M.

    2017-02-01

    The planning revision of the cryogenic system for the Facility of Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR, Darmstadt, Germany) resulted in the choice of a single universal plant, which should provide a wide range of cryogenic operation modes, as refrigeration capacity at 4.4K, liquefaction or intermediate temperature levels. The adaptation to the FAIR specific requirements will be done later by adding a second plant. One major demand for the plant is the short term adaptation to variations in the load requirements in the system. An exemplary integration into the overall FAIR system will be shown with the experiments in the Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) cave. The CBM cave will house an already existing magnet, HADES, and a new magnet for the CBM experiment, which is still under design. The scheduling of the different operation modes related to the operation of the main consumers as SIS100 or SuperFRS is shown.

  6. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612....612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky inner heart branches for its size....

  7. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  8. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  9. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  10. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612....612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky inner heart branches for its size....

  11. 36 CFR 223.60 - Determining fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Determining fair market value... Determining fair market value. The objective of Forest Service timber appraisals is to determine fair market value. Fair market value is estimated by such methods as are authorized by the Chief, Forest...

  12. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Estimating the fair market...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair market price of the work to be performed by the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market...

  13. 36 CFR 223.60 - Determining fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Determining fair market value... PRODUCTS Timber Sale Contracts Appraisal and Pricing § 223.60 Determining fair market value. The objective of Forest Service timber appraisals is to determine fair market value. Fair market value is...

  14. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Estimating the fair market...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair market price of the work to be performed by the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market...

  15. Effects of Procedural Fairness on Student Judgments of Professors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodabaugh, Rita Cobb; Kravitz, David A.

    1994-01-01

    Three experiments (n=300) were conducted to investigate college student reactions to classroom fairness issues. In two experiments, student ratings of fairness were affected by manipulations of procedural fairness and grade outcome. Effects of procedural fairness were stronger than grade. In the third experiment, ratings of professors were…

  16. 7 CFR 51.1320 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1320 Section 51.1320... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Winter Pears 1 Definitions § 51.1320 Fairly well formed. Fairly well... general appearance of the pear shall be considered fairly well formed....

  17. 7 CFR 51.1320 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1320 Section 51.1320... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Winter Pears 1 Definitions § 51.1320 Fairly well formed. Fairly well... general appearance of the pear shall be considered fairly well formed....

  18. 7 CFR 51.494b - Fairly well netted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well netted. 51.494b Section 51.494b... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Cantaloups 1 Definitions § 51.494b Fairly well netted. Fairly well netted means that to an extent characteristic of the variety the cantaloup is fairly...

  19. 7 CFR 51.1320 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1320 Section 51.1320... Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the pear may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to... not materially detract from the general appearance of the pear shall be considered fairly well formed....

  20. 7 CFR 51.3066 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.3066 Section 51.3066... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Florida Avocados Definitions § 51.3066 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that the avocado shows a shade of color which is fairly characteristic of...

  1. 7 CFR 51.494b - Fairly well netted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well netted. 51.494b Section 51.494b... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Cantaloups 1 Definitions § 51.494b Fairly well netted. Fairly well netted means that to an extent characteristic of the variety the cantaloup is fairly...

  2. 7 CFR 51.1320 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1320 Section 51.1320... Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the pear may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to... not materially detract from the general appearance of the pear shall be considered fairly well formed....

  3. 7 CFR 51.1320 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1320 Section 51.1320... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Winter Pears 1 Definitions § 51.1320 Fairly well formed. Fairly well... general appearance of the pear shall be considered fairly well formed....

  4. 7 CFR 51.3066 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.3066 Section 51.3066... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Florida Avocados Definitions § 51.3066 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that the avocado shows a shade of color which is fairly characteristic of...

  5. 7 CFR 51.494b - Fairly well netted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well netted. 51.494b Section 51.494b... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Cantaloups 1 Definitions § 51.494b Fairly well netted. Fairly well netted means that to an extent characteristic of the variety the cantaloup is fairly...

  6. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Estimating the fair market...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair market price of the work to be performed by the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market...

  7. 36 CFR 223.60 - Determining fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Determining fair market value... PRODUCTS Timber Sale Contracts Appraisal and Pricing § 223.60 Determining fair market value. The objective of Forest Service timber appraisals is to determine fair market value. Fair market value is...

  8. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Estimating the fair market...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair market price of the work to be performed by the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market...

  9. 36 CFR 223.60 - Determining fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Determining fair market value... PRODUCTS Timber Sale Contracts Appraisal and Pricing § 223.60 Determining fair market value. The objective of Forest Service timber appraisals is to determine fair market value. Fair market value is...

  10. 36 CFR 223.60 - Determining fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Determining fair market value... PRODUCTS Timber Sale Contracts Appraisal and Pricing § 223.60 Determining fair market value. The objective of Forest Service timber appraisals is to determine fair market value. Fair market value is...

  11. Strong Interaction Studies with PANDA at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schönning, Karin

    2016-10-01

    The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt, Germany, provides unique possibilities for a new generation of nuclear-, hadron- and atomic physics experiments. The future PANDA experiment at FAIR will offer a broad physics programme with emphasis on different aspects of hadron physics. Understanding the strong interaction in the perturbative regime remains one of the greatest challenges in contemporary physics and hadrons provide several important keys. In these proceedings, PANDA will be presented along with some high-lights of the planned physics programme.

  12. Léiomyosarcome gastrique simulant une tumeur du hile splénique: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Tarchouli, Mohamed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ratbi, Moulay Brahim; Belhamidi, Mohamed Said; Bensal, Abdelhak; Aitidir, Badr; Boudhas, Adil; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Depuis la découverte de leur phénotype particulier, les tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales représentent les tumeurs mésenchymateuses les plus fréquentes du tractus digestif et ne sont plus confondues avec les vrais léiomyosarcomes gastriques devenant ainsi exceptionnellement rencontrés dans la pratique médicale. Nous rapportons le cas d'une jeune femme de 32 ans admise pour une masse douloureuse de l'hypochondre gauche et chez qui le bilan radiologique objectivait une volumineuse tumeur occupant le hile splénique. Une résection monobloc emportant la masse, la rate, le grand épiploon et une collerette de la paroi gastrique a été effectuée et l'examen histologique a confirmé le diagnostic d'un léiomyosarcome gastrique. Il est extrêmement important de différencier les autres tumeurs mésenchymateuses du tractus digestif des léiomyosarcomes gastriques dont l'exérèse chirurgicale complète reste, jusqu’à présent, le seul traitement à visée curative. PMID:26526400

  13. Le chondrome extra osseux de la cuisse: une localisation exceptionnelle (à propos d'un cas)

    PubMed Central

    Chafry, Bouchaib; Sasbou, Youness; Boussaidane, Mohammed; Nkaoui, Mustafa; Benchebba, Driss; Chagar, Belkacem

    2015-01-01

    Le chondrome extra-osseux est une tumeur cartilagineuse bénigne et rare. Il siège généralement au niveau des extrémités, nous rapportons un cas exceptionnel d'un chondrome des parties molles de la cuisse chez un homme de 35 ans qui s'est manifesté par une tuméfaction douloureuse de la face interne de la cuisse droite. L'histologie a confirmé le diagnostic sur la pièce d'exérèse. Un suivi clinique et radiologique après un recul de 24 mois n'a pas objectivé de signe de récidive. PMID:26405480

  14. Fracture unicondylienne latérale sagittale du fémur associée à une fracture homolatérale verticale de la patella

    PubMed Central

    Sasbou, Youness; Boussaidane, Mohammed; Lukulunga, Loubet Unyendje; Azzouz, Mohammed; Mhammdi, Youness; Benchebba, Driss; Chagar, Belkacem

    2015-01-01

    Un patient de 24 ans a subit un traumatisme du genou droit suite à un accident de la voie publique occasionnant une fracture simultanée uni condylienne latérale et patellaire verticale. Cette association est exceptionnelle et aucun cas n'as été retrouvé dans la littérature. Un diagnostic précis clinique et radiologique suivi d'une prise en charge précoce et adaptée par une ostéosynthèse interne et une rééducation fonctionnelle ont permis d'obtenir de bons résultats à long terme. PMID:26113949

  15. Punishing the lemon: the ethics of actuarial fairness.

    PubMed

    Jha, Saurabh

    2012-12-01

    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act rejects the notion that actuarial fairness is a normative ideal. The author discusses the ethics of actuarial fairness and attempts to draw a distinction between actuarial fairness and moral fairness. The ethics of wellness programs are discussed with both actuarial fairness and moral fairness in mind. The potential tension between physicians and patients in the zealous pursuit of healthy goals is described. Finally, the logical end point of actuarial fairness with the widespread availability of genetic information is highlighted.

  16. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bolognese, Jeff; Walden, Harvey; Obenschain, Arthur F. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    This report describes the development of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair, including its history and outgrowth from the traditional regional science fairs supported by NASA. The results of the 1999 Virtual Science Fair pilot program, the mechanics of running the 2000 Virtual Science Fair and its results, and comments and suggestions for future Virtual Science Fairs are provided. The appendices to the report contain supporting documentation, including the original proposal for this project, the judging criteria, the user's guide and the judge's guide to the Virtual Science Fair Web site, the Fair publicity brochure and the Fair award designs, judges' and students' responses to survey questions about the Virtual Science Fair, and lists of student entries to both the 1999 and 2000 Fairs.

  17. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bolognese, Jeff; Walden, Harvey; Obenschain, Arthur F. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    This report describes the development of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair, including its history and outgrowth from the traditional regional science fairs supported by NASA. The results of the 1999 Virtual Science Fair pilot program, the mechanics of running the 2000 Virtual Science Fair and its results, and comments and suggestions for future Virtual Science Fairs are provided. The appendices to the report include the original proposal for this project, the judging criteria, the user's guide and the judge's guide to the Virtual Science Fair Web site, the Fair publicity brochure and the Fair award designs, judges' and students' responses to survey questions about the Virtual Science Fair, and lists of student entries to both the 1999 and 2000 Fairs.

  18. Soins primaires aux adultes ayant une déficience développementale

    PubMed Central

    Sullivan, William F.; Berg, Joseph M.; Bradley, Elspeth; Cheetham, Tom; Denton, Richard; Heng, John; Hennen, Brian; Joyce, David; Kelly, Maureen; Korossy, Marika; Lunsky, Yona; McMillan, Shirley

    2011-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Mettre à jour les lignes directrices canadiennes de 2006 sur les soins primaires aux adultes ayant une déficience développementale (DD) et présenter des recommandations pratiques fondées sur les connaissances actuelles pour traiter des problèmes de santé particuliers chez des adultes ayant une DD. Qualité des preuves Des professionnels de la santé expérimentés participant à un colloque et un groupe de travail subséquent ont discuté et convenu des révisions aux lignes directrices de 2006 en se fondant sur une recherche documentaire exhaustive, la rétroaction obtenue des utilisateurs du guide de pratique et les expériences cliniques personnelles. La plupart des preuves disponibles dans ce domaine viennent de l’opinion d’experts ou de déclarations consensuelles publiées (niveau III). Message principal Les adultes ayant une DD ont des problèmes de santé complexes, dont plusieurs diffèrent de ceux de la population en général. De bons soins primaires permettent d’identifier les problèmes de santé particuliers dont souffrent les adultes ayant une DD pour améliorer leur qualité de vie et leur accès aux soins de santé et prévenir la morbidité et le décès prématuré. Ces lignes directrices résument les problèmes de santé générale, physique, comportementale et mentale des adultes ayant une DD que devraient connaître les professionnels des soins primaires et présentent des recommandations pour le dépistage et la prise en charge en se basant sur les connaissances actuelles que les cliniciens peuvent mettre en pratique. En raison de l’interaction des facteurs biologiques, psychoaffectifs et sociaux qui contribuent à la santé et au bien-être des adultes ayant une DD, ces lignes directrices insistent sur la participation des aidants, l’adaptation des interventions, au besoin, et la consultation auprès de divers professionnels de la santé quand ils sont accessibles. Elles mettent aussi en évidence la

  19. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair treatment. 735.111 Section 735.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS FOR WAREHOUSES REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT Warehouse Licensing § 735.111...

  20. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair treatment. 735.111 Section 735.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS FOR WAREHOUSES REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT Warehouse Licensing § 735.111...

  1. Fair and optimistic quantum contract signing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paunković, N.; Bouda, J.; Mateus, P.

    2011-12-01

    We present a fair and optimistic quantum-contract-signing protocol between two clients that requires no communication with the third trusted party during the exchange phase. We discuss its fairness and show that it is possible to design such a protocol for which the probability of a dishonest client to cheat becomes negligible and scales as N-1/2, where N is the number of messages exchanged between the clients. Our protocol is not based on the exchange of signed messages: Its fairness is based on the laws of quantum mechanics. Thus, it is abuse free, and the clients do not have to generate new keys for each message during the exchange phase. We discuss a real-life scenario when measurement errors and qubit-state corruption due to noisy channels and imperfect quantum memories occur and argue that for a real, good-enough measurement apparatus, transmission channels, and quantum memories, our protocol would still be fair. Apart from stable quantum memories, the other segments of our protocol could be implemented by today's technology, as they require in essence the same type of apparatus as the one needed for the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) cryptographic protocol. Finally, we briefly discuss two alternative versions of the protocol, one that uses only two states [based on the Bennett 1992 (B92) protocol] and the other that uses entangled pairs, and show that it is possible to generalize our protocol to an arbitrary number of clients.

  2. Fair and optimistic quantum contract signing

    SciTech Connect

    Paunkovic, N.; Mateus, P.; Bouda, J.

    2011-12-15

    We present a fair and optimistic quantum-contract-signing protocol between two clients that requires no communication with the third trusted party during the exchange phase. We discuss its fairness and show that it is possible to design such a protocol for which the probability of a dishonest client to cheat becomes negligible and scales as N{sup -1/2}, where N is the number of messages exchanged between the clients. Our protocol is not based on the exchange of signed messages: Its fairness is based on the laws of quantum mechanics. Thus, it is abuse free, and the clients do not have to generate new keys for each message during the exchange phase. We discuss a real-life scenario when measurement errors and qubit-state corruption due to noisy channels and imperfect quantum memories occur and argue that for a real, good-enough measurement apparatus, transmission channels, and quantum memories, our protocol would still be fair. Apart from stable quantum memories, the other segments of our protocol could be implemented by today's technology, as they require in essence the same type of apparatus as the one needed for the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) cryptographic protocol. Finally, we briefly discuss two alternative versions of the protocol, one that uses only two states [based on the Bennett 1992 (B92) protocol] and the other that uses entangled pairs, and show that it is possible to generalize our protocol to an arbitrary number of clients.

  3. Copyright Law, Fair Use, and Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Bergen, Marilyn A.

    1992-01-01

    Examines issues related to copyright and how they affect the creation, protection, and distribution of multimedia materials. Topics discussed include a definition of copyright, the relevance of copyright, the concept of fair use, derivative and collective works, copyright and constitutional law, and information guides to copyright issues. (10…

  4. Teaching Fairness in Journalism: A Challenging Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    Objectivity has long been contentious in American journalism. Many practitioners call it essential to a news organization's credibility. Critics, however, hold objectivity is impossible and urge reporters simply to reveal their biases. For educators, teaching objectivity is challenging. Some, seeking a middle ground, instead urge fairness and…

  5. [Law Enforcement Standards of Decency and Fairness].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saxbe, William B.

    Effective policemen need to have as much knowledge as possible about society; they need to be fair, like the criminal justice system they represent. Society cannot be protected unless there is full accordance with the law. Questions of concern are whether the poor man or the black man are receiving the same treatment as the rich or influential…

  6. Four Tools for Science Fair Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sherry Weaver; Messmer, Barbara; Storm, Bill; Weaver, Cheryl

    2007-01-01

    These teacher-tested ideas will guide students in creating true inquiry-based projects. Two of the ideas, the Topic Selection Wizard and Science Project Timeline, are appropriate for all science fair programs, even new ones. For existing programs, the Black Box of Project Improvement and After-School Project Clinic improve project quality and…

  7. Reverse Your Science Fair with Educational Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Jordan; Zardetto-Smith, Andrea; Mu, Keli; Demetrikopoulos, Melissa K.

    2004-01-01

    This article suggests several ways teachers can get their students really excited about science by bringing scientists to the science fair in a different role than the traditional "judge." With a bit more effort, scientists can become actively involved as presenters of hands-on activities. This article discusses: what happens when the tables are…

  8. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  9. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  10. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  11. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  12. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  13. The HADES-at-FAIR project

    SciTech Connect

    Lapidus, K.; Agakishiev, G.; Balanda, A.; Bassini, R.; Behnke, C.; Belyaev, A.; Blanco, A.; Boehmer, M.; Cabanelas, P.; Carolino, N.; Chen, J. C.; Chernenko, S.; Diaz, J.; Dybczak, A.; Collaboration: HADES Collaboration; and others

    2012-05-15

    After the completion of the experimental program at SIS18 the HADES setup will migrate to FAIR, where it will deliver high-quality data for heavy-ion collisions in an unexplored energy range of up to 8 A GeV. In this contribution, we briefly present the physics case, relevant detector characteristics and discuss the recently completed upgrade of HADES.

  14. 27 CFR 9.168 - Fair Play.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... located in El Dorado County, California and is located entirely within the existing Sierra Foothills and El Dorado viticultural areas. The boundary for Fair Play is as follows: (1) The beginning point of... medium-duty road (Mt. Aukum Road or El Dorado County Road E-16) just as it crosses onto the...

  15. 27 CFR 9.168 - Fair Play.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... located in El Dorado County, California and is located entirely within the existing Sierra Foothills and El Dorado viticultural areas. The boundary for Fair Play is as follows: (1) The beginning point of... medium-duty road (Mt. Aukum Road or El Dorado County Road E-16) just as it crosses onto the...

  16. 27 CFR 9.168 - Fair Play.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... located in El Dorado County, California and is located entirely within the existing Sierra Foothills and El Dorado viticultural areas. The boundary for Fair Play is as follows: (1) The beginning point of... medium-duty road (Mt. Aukum Road or El Dorado County Road E-16) just as it crosses onto the...

  17. 27 CFR 9.168 - Fair Play.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... located in El Dorado County, California and is located entirely within the existing Sierra Foothills and El Dorado viticultural areas. The boundary for Fair Play is as follows: (1) The beginning point of... medium-duty road (Mt. Aukum Road or El Dorado County Road E-16) just as it crosses onto the...

  18. The ̅PANDA Detector at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ikegami Andersson, W.; ̅PANDA Collaboration

    2016-11-01

    The future ̅PANDA detector at FAIR is a state-of-the-art internal target detector designed for strong interaction studies. By utilizing an antiproton beam, a rich and unique physics programme is planned. The ̅PANDA experiment, as well as feasibility studies for hyperon and charmonium physics, are discussed.

  19. Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howland, Joyce, Comp.

    The sources listed in this document are selected to provide guidance to students, parents, and teachers throughout the process of planning, developing, implementing, and competing in science fair activities. While sources range in suitability from elementary to high school levels, the emphasis is on materials for grades 9-12. This guide updates LC…

  20. Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Constance, Comp.

    This bibliography assists junior and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, executing, and evaluating science fair projects. A few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students are listed. This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography but is designed to put the reader "on target."…

  1. Fair Use: Articulating the Liberal Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Anthony, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Within the context of "Cambridge University Press et al. v. Patton et al.", this article provides the rationale for the academic distribution of scholarly articles without requesting copyright permission or paying the corresponding fees. The fair use of scholarly articles is examined legally, historically, and in an economic context. This article…

  2. A Geometric Approach to Fair Division

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbanel, Julius

    2010-01-01

    We wish to divide a cake among some collection of people (who may have very different notions of the comparative value of pieces of cake) in a way that is both "fair" and "efficient." We explore the meaning of these terms, introduce two geometric tools to aid our analysis, and present a proof (due to Dietrich Weller) that establishes the existence…

  3. Books Can Make a Mathematics Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swinger, Alice K.

    1982-01-01

    Books published recently that are considered fun, colorful, easy-to-read, and have variety and activities for students from grades three to eight are listed. The examples and ideas are only a few that are possible. A fair is suggested for the social interaction and excitement that can be created. (MP)

  4. Fair process: managing in the knowledge economy.

    PubMed

    Kim, W C; Mauborgne, R

    1997-01-01

    Unlike the traditional factors of production--land, labor, and capital--knowledge is a resource that can't be forced out of people. But creating and sharing knowledge is essential to fostering innovation, the key challenge of the knowledge-based economy. To create a climate in which employees volunteer their creativity and expertise, managers need to look beyond the traditional tools at their disposal. They need to build trust. The authors have studied the links between trust, idea sharing, and corporate performance for more than a decade. They have explored the question of why managers of local subsidiaries so often fail to share information with executives at headquarters. They have studied the dynamics of idea sharing in product development teams, joint ventures, supplier partnerships, and corporate transformations. They offer an explanation for why people resist change even when it would benefit them directly. In every case, the decisive factor was what the authors call fair process--fairness in the way a company makes and executes decisions. The elements of fair process are simple: Engage people's input in decisions that directly affect them. Explain why decisions are made the way they are. Make clear what will be expected of employees after the changes are made. Fair process may sound like a soft issue, but it is crucial to building trust and unlocking ideas. Without it, people are apt to withhold their full cooperation and their creativity. The results are costly: ideas that never see daylight and initiatives that are never seized.

  5. Putting Science into Elementary Science Fairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Helen Ross

    In a world where science has become too confined to books and too reliant on technology, and science fairs have been taken over by parents, this paper offers suggestions to help young people have actual hands-on experience with nature. Topics include soil formation; ants; earthworms; temperature; weather predictions; rain acidity; physical science…

  6. A "Conditional" Sense of Fairness in Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mislevy, Robert J.; Haertel, Geneva; Cheng, Britte H.; Ructtinger, Liliana; DeBarger, Angela; Murray, Elizabeth; Rose, David; Gravel, Jenna; Colker, Alexis M.; Rutstein, Daisy; Vendlinski, Terry

    2013-01-01

    Standardizing aspects of assessments has long been recognized as a tactic to help make evaluations of examinees fair. It reduces variation in irrelevant aspects of testing procedures that could advantage some examinees and disadvantage others. However, recent attention to making assessment accessible to a more diverse population of students…

  7. How Broadcasters Feel about the Fairness Doctrine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buss, Terry F.; Malaney, Gary D.

    1978-01-01

    Findings of a survey of 229 television news personnel suggested that most news personnel were not satisfied with the fairness doctrine as now applied and that attitudes toward the doctrine were based on a complex mixture of educational background, managerial position, and political participation. (GT)

  8. Getting a Jump on the Science Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fort, Deborah C.

    1985-01-01

    Success of the Murch Elementary School (Washington, DC) science fair is due to many factors which are applicable to other schools. Suggestions, ideas, and hints are given in this description of the school's program. Projects with an electrocardiogram, water weeds, and preserving ice are also discussed. (DH)

  9. A World of Discovery Online: Science Fairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Linda C.

    1996-01-01

    K-12 students and teachers can use the Internet for planning science fair activities--for project ideas, resources, and interactive Web sites. Lists 26 science Web sites specializing in question answering, activities, experiments, optics, math, dissection, inventions, physics, space, genetics, cockroaches and worms, and Twinkies (sponge cakes).…

  10. The Third International San Francisco Book Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalmon, Winn; And Others

    Friends of Books and Comics presents its catalog of the Third International San Francisco Book Fair, a marketplace of alternative books, comics, and magazines. Nearly 200 alternative and small presses are listed alphabetically with address, telephone number, names of principal people involved, and a brief description of type and subject of…

  11. A Future Fair: Building Tomorrow Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherly, Myra S.

    1992-01-01

    Gifted intermediate-level students in Greenville, South Carolina, held a Future Fair in which students completed projects and developed critical and creative thinking skills as they investigated real problems. Projects such as models, inventions, photo essays, and creative writing focused on future schools, art, fashions, space travel, and other…

  12. Fairing Separation Analysis Using SepTOOL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zalewski, Bart F.; Dial, William B.; Kosareo, Daniel N.

    2015-01-01

    This document describes the relevant equations programmed in spreadsheet software, SepTOOL, developed by ZIN Technologies, Inc. (ZIN) to determine the separation clearance between a launch vehicle payload fairing and remaining stages. The software uses closed form rigid body dynamic solutions of the vehicle in combination with flexible body dynamics of the fairing, which is obtained from flexible body dynamic analysis or from test data, and superimposes the two results to obtain minimum separation clearance for any given set of flight trajectory conditions. Using closed form solutions allows SepTOOL to perform separation calculations several orders of magnitude faster compared to numerical methods which allows users to perform real time parameter studies. Moreover, SepTOOL can optimize vehicle performance to minimize separation clearance. This tool can evaluate various shapes and sizes of fairings along with different vehicle configurations and trajectories. These geometries and parameters are inputted in a user friendly interface. Although the software was specifically developed for evaluating the separation clearance of launch vehicle payload fairings, separation dynamics of other launch vehicle components can be evaluated provided that aerodynamic loads acting on the vehicle during the separation event are negligible. This document describes the development of SepTOOL providing analytical procedure and theoretical equations whose implementation of these equations is not disclosed. Realistic examples are presented, and the results are verified with ADAMS (MSC Software Corporation) simulations. It should be noted that SepTOOL is a preliminary separation clearance assessment software for payload fairings and should not be used for final clearance analysis.

  13. Présentation atypique d'une granulomatose avec polyangeite: à propos d'une observation pédiatrique

    PubMed Central

    Berriche, Olfa; Younes, Samia; Ammari, Wafa; Alaya, Wafa; Kessomtini, Wassia; Hammami, Sonia

    2015-01-01

    La granulomatose avec polyangéite (GPA) est une vascularite nécrosante systémique, caractérisée par une inflammation granulomateuse, une nécrose tissulaire et une vascularite touchant les vaisseaux de moyen et, surtout, de petit calibre, elle touche rarement l'enfant. PMID:26327978

  14. An Experimental Investigation of Helicopter Rotor Hub Fairing Drag Characteristics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sung, D. Y.; Lance, M. B.; Young, L. A.; Stroub, R. H.

    1989-01-01

    A study was done in the NASA 14- by 22-Foot Wind Tunnel at Langley Research Center on the parasite drag of different helicopter rotor hub fairings and pylons. Parametric studies of hub-fairing camber and diameter were conducted. The effect of hub fairing/pylon clearance on hub fairing/pylon mutual interference drag was examined in detail. Force and moment data are presented in tabular and graphical forms. The results indicate that hub fairings with a circular-arc upper surface and a flat lower surface yield maximum hub drag reduction; and clearance between the hub fairing and pylon induces high mutual-interference drag and diminishes the drag-reduction benefit obtained using a hub fairing with a flat lower surface. Test data show that symmetrical hub fairings with circular-arc surfaces generate 74 percent more interference drag than do cambered hub fairings with flat lower surfaces, at moderate negative angle of attack.

  15. Maladie de Takayasu et polyarthrite rhumatoïde: une association rare - à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Frikha, Faten; Maazoun, Fatma; Snoussi, Mouna; Abid, Leila; Abid, Hanen; Bouassida, Walid; Kaddour, Neila; Bahloul, Zouhir

    2012-01-01

    L'artérite de Takayasu ou maladie de Takayasu (MT) et la polyarthrite rhumatoïde (PR) et sont deux maladies inflammatoires chroniques et leur association a été rapportée dans la littérature à travers quelques observations de cas sporadiques. Nous rapportons une nouvelle observation d'une telle association. Une patiente âgée de 44 ans, diagnostiquée avec une polyarthrite rhumatoïde à facteur rhumatoïde positif, qui a développé des céphalées avec des vertiges de caractère permanent. L'examen révélait un pouls radial et huméral abolis à droite, un souffle carotidien bilatéral et une tension artérielle imprenable à droite. L'artériographie a confirmé la présence d'une atteinte de l'arc aortique type MT. Le diagnostic d'une maladie de Takayasu associée à une polyarthrite rhumatoïde était retenu. La patiente était traitée par une corticothérapie (prednisone à la dose de 0,5 mg/kg par jour) et un traitement de fond par Méthotrexate avec une bonne réponse initiale. A travers notre observation et une revue de la littérature, les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, étiopathogéniques, cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutives de cette association seront discutées. PMID:22937201

  16. Antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus Faecium Fair-E 198 against gram-positive pathogens

    PubMed Central

    do Nascimento, Maristela da Silva; Moreno, Izildinha; Kuaye, Arnaldo Yoshiteru

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT This study investigated the antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus faecium FAIR-E 198 against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. Using the critical-dilution method, the bacteriocin produced by E. faecium FAIR-E 198 inhibited all L. monocytogenes strains evaluated (1,600 to 19,200 AU mL-1). However, none of the B. cereus and S. aureus strains investigated were inhibited. The maximum activity of this bacteriocin (800 AU mL-1) was observed in MRS broth, while the activity in milk was 100 AU mL-1. In the co-cultivation test in milk, B. cereus K1-B041 was reduced to below the detection limit (1.00 log CFU mL-1) after 48 h. E. faecium reduced the initial L. monocytogenes Scott A population by 1 log CFU mL-1 after 3 h at 35°C, However, the pathogen regained growth, reaching 3.68 log CFU mL-1 after 48 h. E. faecium did not influence the growth of S. aureus ATCC 27154 during the 48 h of co-cultivation, Therefore, it can be concluded that the effectiveness of the antimicrobial activity of E. faecium FAIR-E 198 is strictly related to the species and strain of the target microorganism and to the culture medium, PMID:24031466

  17. Leiomyosarcome de la vessie chez une patiente de 64 ans

    PubMed Central

    Elkabous, Mustapha; Boukir, Anwar; Lakhdissi, Asmaa; Ettahiri, Hamza; Kohen, Fadila; Afif, Mohammed; Jabbour, Youness; Drissy, Amal; Boutayeb, Saber; Errihani, Hassan

    2015-01-01

    Le leiomyosarcome représente une tumeur rare de la vessie. Sa présentation clinique est non spécifique et dominée par l'hématurie. La résection endoscopique de la vessie avec un examen anathomopathologique permet de poser le diagnostic. La rareté de cette localisation ne permet pas d’établir une stratégie thérapeutique standard, néanmoins la chirurgie reste le traitement le plus utilisé. Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente âgée de 64 ans, ayant présenté une hématurie. L'examen anatomopathologique d'une résection endoscopique de la vessie a posé le diagnostic d'un leiomyosarcome. PMID:26918087

  18. Evolution of responses to (un)fairness.

    PubMed

    Brosnan, Sarah F; de Waal, Frans B M

    2014-10-17

    The human sense of fairness is an evolutionary puzzle. To study this, we can look to other species, in which this can be translated empirically into responses to reward distribution. Passive and active protest against receiving less than a partner for the same task is widespread in species that cooperate outside kinship and mating bonds. There is less evidence that nonhuman species seek to equalize outcomes to their own detriment, yet the latter has been documented in our closest relatives, the apes. This reaction probably reflects an attempt to forestall partner dissatisfaction with obtained outcomes and its negative impact on future cooperation. We hypothesize that it is the evolution of this response that allowed the development of a complete sense of fairness in humans, which aims not at equality for its own sake but for the sake of continued cooperation.

  19. Negative incidental emotions augment fairness sensitivity.

    PubMed

    Liu, Cuizhen; Chai, Jing Wen; Yu, Rongjun

    2016-04-22

    Previous studies have shown that task-unrelated emotions induced incidentally exert carryover effects on individuals' subsequent decisions in financial negotiations. However, the specificity of these emotion effects are not clear. In three experiments, we systematically investigated the role of seven transiently induced basic emotions (disgust, sadness, anger, fear, happiness, surprise and neutral) on rejection of unfair offers using the ultimatum game. We found that all negative emotions (disgust, sadness, anger and fear), but not happiness or surprise, significantly increased rejection rates, suggesting that the effect of incidental negative emotions on fairness is not specific to the type of negative emotion. Our findings highlight the role of fleeting emotions in biasing decision-making processes and suggest that all incidental negative emotions exert similar effects on fairness sensitivity, possibly by potentiating attention towards negative aspects of the situation.

  20. Evolution of responses to (un)fairness

    PubMed Central

    Brosnan, Sarah F.; de Waal, Frans B. M.

    2015-01-01

    The human sense of fairness is an evolutionary puzzle. To study this, we can look to other species, in which this can be translated empirically into responses to reward distribution. Passive and active protest against receiving less than a partner for the same task is widespread in species that cooperate outside kinship and mating bonds. There is less evidence that nonhuman species seek to equalize outcomes to their own detriment, yet the latter has been documented in our closest relatives, the apes. This reaction probably reflects an attempt to forestall partner dissatisfaction with obtained outcomes and its negative impact on future cooperation. We hypothesize that it is the evolution of this response that allowed the development of a complete sense of fairness in humans, which aims not at equality for its own sake but for the sake of continued cooperation. PMID:25324394

  1. FAIR: a Horizon for Future Charming Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Ritman, James

    2007-11-07

    The science goals underlying the future international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research--FAIR--[1] that is being realized in Darmstadt span a broad range of research activities on the structure of matter. One component of this facility is directed towards studies of hadronic matter at the sub-nuclear level with beams of antiprotons. These studies focus on two key aspects: confinement of quarks and the generation of the hadron masses. These goals will be pursued by performing precision measurements of charged and neutral decay products from antiproton-proton annihilation in the charmonium mass region. In this talk I present some of the issues connected to FAIR in which the groups in Cracow and Juelich are extending and intensifying our cooperation.

  2. Negative incidental emotions augment fairness sensitivity

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Cuizhen; Chai, Jing Wen; Yu, Rongjun

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that task-unrelated emotions induced incidentally exert carryover effects on individuals’ subsequent decisions in financial negotiations. However, the specificity of these emotion effects are not clear. In three experiments, we systematically investigated the role of seven transiently induced basic emotions (disgust, sadness, anger, fear, happiness, surprise and neutral) on rejection of unfair offers using the ultimatum game. We found that all negative emotions (disgust, sadness, anger and fear), but not happiness or surprise, significantly increased rejection rates, suggesting that the effect of incidental negative emotions on fairness is not specific to the type of negative emotion. Our findings highlight the role of fleeting emotions in biasing decision-making processes and suggest that all incidental negative emotions exert similar effects on fairness sensitivity, possibly by potentiating attention towards negative aspects of the situation. PMID:27101931

  3. Carcinome mucineux primitif cutané: à propos de deux cas et d'une revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Souaf, Ihsane; Ameurtesse, Hassania; Debbagh, Fatema Zehra; Idrissi, Karima; Znati, Kawter; Amarti, Affaf

    2014-01-01

    Le carcinome mucineux primitif cutané est une tumeur annexielle rare, développée à partir des glandes sudoripares. Il se localise en générale à l'extrémité céphalique, surtout la région périorbitaire. Nous rapportons deux observations d'un carcinome mucineux primitif de la face et de la région axillaire, chez deux patients âgés de 60 ans. L’étude histologique montrait une prolifération tumorale dermohypodermique, faite de cellules organisées en cordons, en amas et en massif cribriformes, au sein d'une substance mucoïde. En immunohistochimie les cellules tumorales exprimaient la cytokératine 7, l'EMA et les récepteurs hormonaux. L'actine musculaire lisse a bien marqué les cellules myoépithéliales au niveau de la composante in situ dans un seul cas. Le carcinome mucineux primitif cutané est difficile à différencier d'une métastase mammaire ou digestive. La mise en évidence de carcinome in situ ou de cellules myoépithéliale est en faveur de l'origine cutanée primitive. C'est une tumeur à croissance lente, avec des métastases exceptionnelles. Le traitement est chirurgical et le taux de récidive est très élevé. Et à travers ces deux observations, les auteurs mettent en relief les principaux aspects cliniques, histologiques, thérapeutiques de cette entité avec une revue de la littérature. PMID:25574316

  4. Insuffisance rénale aigüe: présentation rare d’une maladie d’Addison

    PubMed Central

    Salhi, Houda

    2016-01-01

    La maladie d’Addison est une pathologie rare, qui se manifeste fréquemment par des signes cliniques non spécifiques. Ce qui peut causer un retard diagnostic et thérapeutique. Cette maladie peut se présenter comme un tableau d’insuffisance rénale aigue. Nous rapportons le cas d’un patient présentant une maladie d’Addison qui a été pris en charge initialement comme une insuffisance rénale aigue secondaire à un myélome multiple et dont le diagnostic a été redressé par la suite. Le patient s’est spectaculairement amélioré après mis en place de traitement par réhydratation par voie intraveineuse; hydrocortisone injectable. PMID:27800088

  5. Validating nursing competencies using a fair format.

    PubMed

    Carney, Diane M; Bistline, Betty

    2008-01-01

    Across the healthcare system, staff development specialists and nurse leaders have been challenged with the development, implementation, and evaluation of processes by which clinical nursing staff demonstrate competence in an efficient and effective manner. The purpose of this article is to describe one approach used in an acute care setting. Staff development specialists and nurse leaders played key roles in assessing, developing, and evaluating a nursing competency validation fair.

  6. Hadron Physics with PANDA at FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Wiedner, Ulrich

    2011-10-21

    The recently established FAIR facility in Darmstadt has a broad program in the field of hadron and nuclear physics utilizing ion beams with unprecedented intensity and accuracy. The PANDA experiment, which is integrated in the HESR storage ring for antiprotons is at the center of the hadron physics program. It includes among others topics like hadron spectroscopy in the charmonium mass region and below, hyperon physics and electromagnetic processes.

  7. Fair market value: taking a proactive approach.

    PubMed

    Romero, Richard A

    2008-04-01

    A valuation report assessing the fair market value of a contractual arrangement should include: A description of the company, entity, or circumstance being valued. Analysis of general economic conditions that are expected to affect the enterprise. Evaluation of economic conditions in the medical services industry. Explanation of the various valuation approaches that were considered. Documentation of key underlying assumptions, including revenue and expense projections, projected profit, and ROI.

  8. Interactivity vs. fairness in networked linux systems

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Wenji; Crawford, Matt; /Fermilab

    2007-01-01

    In general, the Linux 2.6 scheduler can ensure fairness and provide excellent interactive performance at the same time. However, our experiments and mathematical analysis have shown that the current Linux interactivity mechanism tends to incorrectly categorize non-interactive network applications as interactive, which can lead to serious fairness or starvation issues. In the extreme, a single process can unjustifiably obtain up to 95% of the CPU! The root cause is due to the facts that: (1) network packets arrive at the receiver independently and discretely, and the 'relatively fast' non-interactive network process might frequently sleep to wait for packet arrival. Though each sleep lasts for a very short period of time, the wait-for-packet sleeps occur so frequently that they lead to interactive status for the process. (2) The current Linux interactivity mechanism provides the possibility that a non-interactive network process could receive a high CPU share, and at the same time be incorrectly categorized as 'interactive.' In this paper, we propose and test a possible solution to address the interactivity vs. fairness problems. Experiment results have proved the effectiveness of the proposed solution.

  9. Hémothorax spontané révélant une vascularite de Wegener chez une femme enceinte

    PubMed Central

    Serhane, Hind; Yassine, Msougar; Amro, Lamyae

    2016-01-01

    L’hémothorax spontané demeure une pathologie rare. Ses étiologies sont multiples mais restent parfois inconnues. Chez certains patients, la thoracotomie peut être le seul recours pour déterminer son origine. Les vascularites n’ont pas été rapporté comme cause habituelle des hémothorax spontanés. La grossesse ne semble pas avoir d’effet causal, ni aggravant des hémothorax spontanés, ni des vascularites. Nous rapportons une observation assez particulière d’une jeune patiente, présentant au cours de sa grossesse un hémothorax spontané secondaire à une vasularite de type Wegener, diagnostiquée par la biopsie pleurale faite au cours d’une thoracotomie exploratrice et confirmée par le dosage des ANCA. PMID:28154726

  10. Grossesse ovarienne: à propos de 3 cas et une revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Ranaivoson, Haingo Voahangy Rabetafika; Ranaivomanana, Volahasina Françine; Nomenjanahary, Lalaina; Andriamampionona, Tsitohery Francine; Randrianjafisamindrakotroka, Nantenaina Soa

    2016-01-01

    La grossesse ovarienne représente une entité rare parmi les grossesses ectopiques où l'ovaire est le siège de la nidation. Son diagnostic nécessite une démarche bien codifiée. Les particularités des facteurs déterminant, des caractéristiques histopathologiques et évolutives des grossesses ovariennes nous a conduit à porter un intérêt pour cette forme de grossesse ectopique. Nous rapportons 3 cas de grossesse ovarienne diagnostiqués dans notre service. Les trois femmes ont entre 30 à 42 ans et un terme de 13 à 37 semaines d'aménorrhée. Elles sont toutes révélées par des douleurs abdominales d'intensité variable avec un état de choc. L'examen anatomopathologique de l'annexe droite, siège caractéristique des grossesses ovariennes, a permis de confirmer le diagnostic. Elles sont toutes des grossesses ovariennes primitives juxta-corticales. La grossesse ovarienne est une entité très rare de la grossesse extra-utérine qui présente certaines particularités. Son diagnostic est difficile et se base sur des constations per-opératoires. La présence de la zone de nidation ovarienne à l'examen histopathologique est optimale pour confirmer le diagnostic. Actuellement, on admet que la grossesse ovarienne est la forme de grossesse ectopique qui peut aller à terme ou même jusqu'à une naissance vivante. PMID:28292090

  11. Une nouvelle voie pour la conception des implants intervertébraux

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gradel, T.; Tabourot, L.; Arrieux, R.; Balland, P.

    2002-12-01

    L'objectif de notre travail est la conception d'une nouvelle génération d'implants intersomatiques qui s'adapte parfaitement à la géométrie des plateaux vertébraux en se déformant. Pour cela, nous avons utilisé une nouvelle démarche qui consiste à simuler entièrement le procédé de fabrication en l'occurrence l'emboutissage, Cette simulation, en concervant l'historique des sollicitations exercées sur le matériau lors de sa mise en œuvre permet de valider très précisément sa résistance mécanique en fin de cycle. Au cours de cette étude, nous avons mené en parallèle deux analyses dites “ coopératives ” : l'une fondée sur un modèle phénoménologique de type HILL et l'autre sur un modèle multi-échelles prenant en compte des phénomènes plus physiques afin d'acquérir une bonne connaissance du comportement du matériau lors de la déformation. C'est pour sa bonne résistance, sa biocompatibilité et ses propriétés radiologiques que nous avons choisi le T40 (titane pur) comme matériau.

  12. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an...

  13. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an...

  14. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  15. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  16. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  17. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  18. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  19. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  20. 75 FR 77048 - Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations AGENCY: Office of... on the following information collection. Title of Proposal: Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing... person from using certain information received from an affiliate to make a solicitation for...

  1. 75 FR 61842 - Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations AGENCY: Office of... concerning the following information collection. Title of Proposal: Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing... person from using certain information received from an affiliate to make a solicitation for...

  2. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Nondiscrimination and Fair Housing... part 5; and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24 CFR part 200, subpart M...

  3. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... aircraft and CAS aircraft (and related aviation services). Users access FAIRS through a highly-secure Web site. The “FAIRS User's Manual” contains the business rules for using the system and is available...

  4. Ostéogénèse imparfaite létale: diagnostic antenatal

    PubMed Central

    El Mhabrech, Houda; Zrig, Ahmed; Mazhoud, Ines; Njim, Leila; Hajjeji, Aouatef; Faleh, Raja; Hafsa, Ch

    2016-01-01

    L'ostéogenèse imparfaite (OI) est un groupe hétérogène de maladies affectant le collagène de type I et caractérisées par une fragilité osseuse. Les formes létales sont rares et se caractérisent par une micromélie avec déformation des membres. Un diagnostic anténatal d'OI létale a été fait dans deux cas, par échographie à 17 et à 25 semaines d'aménorrhée, complélées par un scanner du squelette fœtal dans un cas. Une interruption thérapeutique de grossesse a été indiquée dans les deux cas. PMID:28292051

  5. Variabilite temporelle des naines T et construction d'une camera infrarouge a grand champ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Artigau, Etienne

    Le travail de thèse décrit ici se divise en deux sections distinctes: la première porte sur une étude de la variabilité temporelle des naines T et la seconde sur la construction et les performances de la Caméra PAnoramique Proche InfraRouge (CPAPIR). Les naines brunes sont des objets qui se forment comme les étoiles, lors de l'effondrement gravitationnel d'un nuage de gaz moléculaire, mais dont la masse est trop faible pour leur permettre d'entretenir des réactions de fusion nucléaire. Environ 70% des naines brunes de type L, qui ont des températures comprises entre 2200 K et 1500 K, présentent une variabilité temporelle dont les mécanismes exacts font toujours l'objet de débats. Nous avons étendu la recherche de variabilité temporelle aux naines brunes ayant des températures inférieures à ~1500 K et qui présentent les signatures du méthane, soit les naines T. Nos observations menées à l'Observatoire du mont Mégantic montrent qu'une fraction importante des naines T sont variables à 1.2 mm et 1.6 mm à des niveaux allant de 17 mmag à 53 mmag RMS. Les propriétés photométriques de cette variabilité sont consistantes avec une évolution de la couverture de nuages de poussière à la surface de plusieurs naines T. Des observations complémentaires menées en spectroscopie au télescope Canada-France-Hawaii montrent, pour une naine T, une variabilité spectroscopique dans le proche infrarouge qui est aussi consistante avec l'évolution de tels nuages de poussière. CPAPIR est une caméra infrarouge con=E7ue pour être utilisée à l'Observatoire du mont Mégantic. Elle possède un champ de 30' × 30', soit le plus grand champ de vue parmi les caméras infrarouges astronomiques actuellement en service. CPAPIR est équipé d'un détecteur de type Hawaii-II sensible de 0.8 mm à 2.4 mm avec 2048×2048 pixels. L'optique cryogénique de CPAPIR comprend 8 lentilles cryogéniques et 10 filtres disposés dans deux roues à filtres. Les observations

  6. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085... Definitions § 51.2085 Fairly uniform color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color, whether bleached or natural....

  7. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085... Definitions § 51.2085 Fairly uniform color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color, whether bleached or natural....

  8. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... § 51.1447 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  9. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... § 51.1447 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  10. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407... Definitions § 51.1407 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color to materially detract from the general appearance of the lot....

  11. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407... Definitions § 51.1407 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color to materially detract from the general appearance of the lot....

  12. 24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Regulations § 200.625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation in FHA housing... information indicating his affirmative fair housing marketing plan to comply with the requirements set forth... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Affirmative fair housing...

  13. Getting into Higher Education: Young People's Views of Fairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minty, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Free tuition in Scotland is frequently linked to principles of equal access and fairness. But just how "fair" do young people think access to higher education is? And what concepts of fairness are their views based on? This article reports the findings of semi-structured interviews with 121 young people aged 15-18 in Scotland. The paper…

  14. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 33-MANAGEMENT OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT Reporting Information on Government Aircraft Federal Aviation Interactive Reporting System (fairs) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to...

  15. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section 710... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of...

  16. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section 710... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of...

  17. 25 CFR 700.119 - Establishment of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Establishment of fair market value. 700.119 Section 700... PROCEDURES Acquisition and Disposal of Habitations and/or Improvements § 700.119 Establishment of fair market value. (a) General. The Commission shall establish the amount of fair market value to be offered to...

  18. 23 CFR 710.707 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fair market value. 710.707 Section 710.707 Highways... REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.707 Fair market value. A highway agency shall receive fair market value for any concession agreement involving a federally funded highway....

  19. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Fair market price. 51-2.7... WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee is responsible for determining fair market prices, and changes thereto, for commodities and services on the Procurement List....

  20. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair market value of the affected farmer's normal marketings, which, for the purposes of this subpart,...

  1. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market value... procedures in order to estimate the fair market value of each area as a whole. The evaluation will...

  2. 23 CFR 710.707 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market value. 710.707 Section 710.707 Highways... REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.707 Fair market value. A highway agency shall receive fair market value for any concession agreement involving a federally funded highway....

  3. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fair market price. 51-2.7... WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee is responsible for determining fair market prices, and changes thereto, for commodities and services on the Procurement List....

  4. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market value... procedures in order to estimate the fair market value of each area as a whole. The evaluation will...

  5. 25 CFR 700.119 - Establishment of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Establishment of fair market value. 700.119 Section 700... PROCEDURES Acquisition and Disposal of Habitations and/or Improvements § 700.119 Establishment of fair market value. (a) General. The Commission shall establish the amount of fair market value to be offered to...

  6. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  7. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair market value of the affected farmer's normal marketings, which, for the purposes of this subpart,...

  8. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  9. Travelling the Road beyond the Curriculum through a Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avraamidou, Lucy; Evagorou, Maria

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we describe a model for a science fair, within the context of an elementary science methods course. We first describe the theoretical perspectives from which the idea of science fairs derives and we provide definitions as we sketch the characteristics of commonly used science fairs. We then describe the context and processes of a…

  10. Science Fairs: Promoting Positive Attitudes Towards Science from Student Participation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Janell D.; Cordry, Sheila; Unline, Carol

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the article is to describe step by step procedures teachers can use to successfully engage their students in the development of science fair projects. The article further explains how the student should prepare their science fair project for science fair competition. It is expected that increasing student participation in science…

  11. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans § 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  12. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans § 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  13. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans § 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  14. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans § 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  15. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans § 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  16. 7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing. 3565.353 Section... fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must ensure that the lender and borrower are in compliance with the approved Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. This plan must...

  17. 7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing. 3565.353 Section... fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must ensure that the lender and borrower are in compliance with the approved Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. This plan must...

  18. 7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing. 3565.353 Section... fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must ensure that the lender and borrower are in compliance with the approved Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. This plan must...

  19. 7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing. 3565.353 Section... fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must ensure that the lender and borrower are in compliance with the approved Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. This plan must...

  20. 7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing. 3565.353 Section... fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must ensure that the lender and borrower are in compliance with the approved Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. This plan must...

  1. 7 CFR 51.771 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.771 Section 51.771 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.771 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that except for an aggregate area of green color...

  2. 7 CFR 51.1164 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1164 Section 51.1164... Definitions § 51.1164 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored as applied to common oranges and tangelos means that except for an aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1 inch...

  3. 7 CFR 51.771 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.771 Section 51.771 Agriculture... Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.771 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that except for an aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1...

  4. 16. DETAIL OF TOOL FOR COMPRESSING SPRING IN FAIRING SEPARATION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. DETAIL OF TOOL FOR COMPRESSING SPRING IN FAIRING SEPARATION ACTUATOR AND PLASTIC-WRAPPED ACTUATOR FOR FAIRING THAT WILL ENCLOSE A DMSP SATELLITE. (FAIRING SEPARATION ACTUATOR COMPRESSES TO ONE-THIRD OF ITS SIZE.) - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Vehicle Support Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  5. Rethinking Admission Policy: Is Affirmative Action Compatible with Fairness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Chong Ho

    2005-01-01

    This article is a critique of the Dworkinian theory of fairness in the context of Affirmative Action. Although Dworkin committed tremendous endeavors in an attempt to give a fairness argument backed by an empirical study, the question of whether affirmative action is fair remains inconclusive. The sample used in the study is unrepresentative, and…

  6. The Complete Handbook of Science Fair Projects, Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bochinski, Julianne Blair

    Science fairs have become an important key to gathering valuable science experience while pursuing independent projects. This book serves as a guide to every aspect of science fairs and science fair projects. It provides information on finding suitable topics, researching them properly, developing experiments, and giving meaning to data results.…

  7. Guidelines for Sex-Fair Vocational Education Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Women on Words and Images, Princeton, NJ.

    Guidelines for sex-fair vocational education materials are presented based on the following criteria: a fifty-fifty balance of males and females in any material, sex neutral or sex-fair language, specific mention of issues involved in nontraditional career choices for males and females, and sex-fair occupational descriptions that accurately…

  8. 7 CFR 51.585 - Fairly well trimmed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well trimmed. 51.585 Section 51.585 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.585 Fairly well trimmed. Fairly well trimmed means that the main root has been cut off so that it does not extend more than...

  9. 7 CFR 51.585 - Fairly well trimmed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well trimmed. 51.585 Section 51.585 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.585 Fairly well trimmed. Fairly well trimmed means that the main...

  10. 7 CFR 51.585 - Fairly well trimmed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well trimmed. 51.585 Section 51.585 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.585 Fairly well trimmed. Fairly well trimmed means that the main...

  11. 7 CFR 51.585 - Fairly well trimmed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well trimmed. 51.585 Section 51.585 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.585 Fairly well trimmed. Fairly well trimmed means that the main root has been cut off so that it does not extend more than...

  12. 7 CFR 51.585 - Fairly well trimmed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well trimmed. 51.585 Section 51.585 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.585 Fairly well trimmed. Fairly well trimmed means that the main...

  13. 46 CFR 381.4 - Fair and reasonable participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fair and reasonable participation. 381.4 Section 381.4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MISCELLANEOUS CARGO PREFERENCE-U.S.-FLAG VESSELS § 381.4 Fair and reasonable participation. In order to insure a fair and reasonable...

  14. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 33-MANAGEMENT OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT Reporting Information on Government Aircraft Federal Aviation Interactive Reporting System (fairs) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to...

  15. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 33-MANAGEMENT OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT Reporting Information on Government Aircraft Federal Aviation Interactive Reporting System (fairs) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to...

  16. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 33-MANAGEMENT OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT Reporting Information on Government Aircraft Federal Aviation Interactive Reporting System (fairs) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to...

  17. 77 FR 20011 - Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ... PROTECTION RIN 3170-AA06 Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION: Notice regarding charges for certain disclosures under the Fair Credit Reporting Act... charges under Section 612(f) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (``FCRA'') will increase from $11.00 to...

  18. 77 FR 74831 - Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-18

    ... PROTECTION Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION: Notice regarding charges for certain disclosures under the Fair Credit Reporting Act. SUMMARY: The Bureau... Section 612(f) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) will remain unchanged at $11.50 for 2013....

  19. 7 CFR 51.1410 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1410 Section 51.1410 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.1410 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least...

  20. 7 CFR 51.611 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.611 Section 51.611... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.611 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the outer branches are not spindly or abnormally short and thin....

  1. 7 CFR 51.1007 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1007 Section 51.1007... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1007 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit shows normal characteristic shape for the Persian variety and...

  2. 7 CFR 51.1445 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1445 Section 51.1445... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Shelled Pecans Definitions § 51.1445 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least a moderate amount of meat in proportion to...

  3. 7 CFR 51.902 - Fairly well filled.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well filled. 51.902 Section 51.902 Agriculture... Standards for Grades of Table Grapes (European or Vinifera Type) 1 Definitions § 51.902 Fairly well filled. Fairly well filled means that the berries are reasonably closely spaced on main and lateral stems...

  4. 7 CFR 51.640 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.640 Section 51.640 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Florida, California, and Arizona) Definitions § 51.640 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means...

  5. 7 CFR 51.1869 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1869 Section 51.1869... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1869 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the tomato is not more than moderately kidney-shaped, lop-sided,...

  6. 7 CFR 51.581 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.581 Section 51.581 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.581 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the branches are reasonably straight and not more than moderately curved...

  7. 7 CFR 51.581 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.581 Section 51.581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.581 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the branches...

  8. 7 CFR 51.1909 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1909 Section 51.1909 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.1909 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the tomato is not decidedly...

  9. 7 CFR 51.1410 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1410 Section 51.1410... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Pecans in the Shell 1 Definitions § 51.1410 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least a moderate amount of meat in...

  10. 7 CFR 51.1277 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1277 Section 51.1277 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.1277 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the pear may be slightly abnormal in...

  11. 7 CFR 51.640 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.640 Section 51.640 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing...) Definitions § 51.640 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit may not have the...

  12. 7 CFR 51.581 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.581 Section 51.581 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.581 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the branches are reasonably straight and not more than moderately curved...

  13. 7 CFR 51.1580 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1580 Section 51.1580 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the appearance of the individual potato or the...

  14. 7 CFR 51.1580 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1580 Section 51.1580 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the appearance of the individual potato or the...

  15. 7 CFR 51.1277 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1277 Section 51.1277... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Summer and Fall Pears 1 Definitions § 51.1277 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the pear may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent...

  16. 7 CFR 51.1410 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1410 Section 51.1410 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.1410 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least...

  17. 7 CFR 51.1832 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1832 Section 51.1832 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.1832 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit may not have the...

  18. 7 CFR 51.3205 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.3205 Section 51.3205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Onions Definitions § 51.3205 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the onion shows...

  19. 7 CFR 51.581 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.581 Section 51.581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.581 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the branches...

  20. 7 CFR 51.1445 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1445 Section 51.1445... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Shelled Pecans Definitions § 51.1445 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least a moderate amount of meat in proportion to...

  1. 7 CFR 51.902 - Fairly well filled.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well filled. 51.902 Section 51.902 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Definitions § 51.902 Fairly well filled. Fairly well filled means that the berries are reasonably...

  2. 7 CFR 51.3066 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.3066 Section 51.3066 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that the avocado shows a shade of color which is...

  3. 7 CFR 51.1909 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1909 Section 51.1909... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1909 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the tomato is not decidedly kidney-shaped, lopsided, elongated, angular,...

  4. 7 CFR 51.1007 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1007 Section 51.1007... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1007 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit shows normal characteristic shape for the Persian variety and...

  5. 7 CFR 51.2844 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.2844 Section 51.2844 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards...) Definitions § 51.2844 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means having the shape characteristic of...

  6. 7 CFR 51.611 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.611 Section 51.611 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards....611 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the outer branches are not spindly...

  7. 7 CFR 51.1909 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1909 Section 51.1909... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1909 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the tomato is not decidedly kidney-shaped, lopsided, elongated, angular,...

  8. 7 CFR 51.1277 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1277 Section 51.1277... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Summer and Fall Pears 1 Definitions § 51.1277 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the pear may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent...

  9. 7 CFR 51.1445 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1445 Section 51.1445 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.1445 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least a...

  10. 7 CFR 51.2844 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.2844 Section 51.2844 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards...-Granex-Grano and Creole Types) Definitions § 51.2844 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means...

  11. 7 CFR 51.2652 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.2652 Section 51.2652 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.2652 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that at least 95 percent of the surface of...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1534 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1534 Section 51.1534... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Fresh Plums and Prunes Definitions § 51.1534 Fairly well colored. “Fairly well colored,” as applied to Italian type prunes, means that at least three-fourths...

  13. 7 CFR 51.3205 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.3205 Section 51.3205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the onion shows the characteristic shape,...

  14. 7 CFR 51.611 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.611 Section 51.611... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.611 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the outer branches are not spindly or abnormally short and thin....

  15. 7 CFR 51.1534 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1534 Section 51.1534... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Fresh Plums and Prunes Definitions § 51.1534 Fairly well colored. “Fairly well colored,” as applied to Italian type prunes, means that at least three-fourths...

  16. 7 CFR 51.3065 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.3065 Section 51.3065 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the avocado may be slightly abnormal in shape but...

  17. 7 CFR 51.2652 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.2652 Section 51.2652... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades for Sweet Cherries 1 Definitions § 51.2652 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that at least 95 percent of the surface of the cherry shows...

  18. 7 CFR 51.1445 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1445 Section 51.1445... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Shelled Pecans Definitions § 51.1445 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least a moderate amount of meat in proportion to...

  19. 7 CFR 51.1410 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1410 Section 51.1410... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Pecans in the Shell 1 Definitions § 51.1410 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least a moderate amount of meat in...

  20. 7 CFR 51.1832 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1832 Section 51.1832... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Tangerines Definitions § 51.1832 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit may not have the shape characteristic of the variety but that...

  1. 7 CFR 51.1445 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1445 Section 51.1445 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.1445 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least a...

  2. 7 CFR 51.640 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.640 Section 51.640 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing...) Definitions § 51.640 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit may not have the...

  3. 7 CFR 51.1869 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1869 Section 51.1869 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the tomato is not more than moderately...

  4. 7 CFR 51.902 - Fairly well filled.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well filled. 51.902 Section 51.902 Agriculture... Standards for Grades of Table Grapes (European or Vinifera Type) 1 Definitions § 51.902 Fairly well filled. Fairly well filled means that the berries are reasonably closely spaced on main and lateral stems...

  5. 7 CFR 51.611 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.611 Section 51.611 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards....611 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the outer branches are not spindly...

  6. 7 CFR 51.1832 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1832 Section 51.1832... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Tangerines Definitions § 51.1832 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit may not have the shape characteristic of the variety but that...

  7. 7 CFR 51.1277 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1277 Section 51.1277... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Summer and Fall Pears 1 Definitions § 51.1277 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the pear may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent...

  8. 7 CFR 51.611 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.611 Section 51.611... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.611 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the outer branches are not spindly or abnormally short and thin....

  9. 7 CFR 51.1909 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1909 Section 51.1909 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.1909 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the tomato is not decidedly...

  10. 7 CFR 51.3205 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.3205 Section 51.3205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Onions Definitions § 51.3205 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the onion shows...

  11. 7 CFR 51.1557 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1557 Section 51.1557... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1557 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the potato is not materially pointed, dumbbell-shaped or otherwise...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1869 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1869 Section 51.1869 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the tomato is not more than moderately...

  13. 7 CFR 51.1007 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1007 Section 51.1007 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards....1007 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit shows normal characteristic shape...

  14. 7 CFR 51.2844 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.2844 Section 51.2844 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards...-Granex-Grano and Creole Types) Definitions § 51.2844 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means...

  15. 7 CFR 51.1007 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1007 Section 51.1007... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1007 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit shows normal characteristic shape for the Persian variety and...

  16. 7 CFR 51.1557 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1557 Section 51.1557... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1557 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the potato is not materially pointed, dumbbell-shaped or otherwise...

  17. 7 CFR 51.3065 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.3065 Section 51.3065... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Florida Avocados Definitions § 51.3065 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the avocado may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to the extent that...

  18. 7 CFR 51.581 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.581 Section 51.581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.581 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the branches...

  19. 7 CFR 51.1557 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1557 Section 51.1557... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1557 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the potato is not materially pointed, dumbbell-shaped or otherwise...

  20. 7 CFR 51.1557 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1557 Section 51.1557 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards....1557 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the potato is not materially pointed,...

  1. 7 CFR 51.3066 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.3066 Section 51.3066 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that the avocado shows a shade of color which is...

  2. 7 CFR 51.640 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.640 Section 51.640 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Florida, California, and Arizona) Definitions § 51.640 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means...

  3. 7 CFR 51.1580 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1580 Section 51.1580... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1580 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the appearance of the individual potato or the general appearance of...

  4. 7 CFR 51.1534 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1534 Section 51.1534... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Fresh Plums and Prunes Definitions § 51.1534 Fairly well colored. “Fairly well colored,” as applied to Italian type prunes, means that at least three-fourths...

  5. 7 CFR 51.1580 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1580 Section 51.1580... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1580 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the appearance of the individual potato or the general appearance of...

  6. 7 CFR 51.902 - Fairly well filled.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well filled. 51.902 Section 51.902 Agriculture... Standards for Grades of Table Grapes (European or Vinifera Type) 1 Definitions § 51.902 Fairly well filled. Fairly well filled means that the berries are reasonably closely spaced on main and lateral stems...

  7. 7 CFR 51.3065 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.3065 Section 51.3065... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Florida Avocados Definitions § 51.3065 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the avocado may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to the extent that...

  8. 7 CFR 51.1534 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1534 Section 51.1534 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.1534 Fairly well colored. “Fairly well colored,” as applied to Italian type prunes,...

  9. 7 CFR 51.1869 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1869 Section 51.1869... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1869 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the tomato is not more than moderately kidney-shaped, lop-sided,...

  10. 7 CFR 51.3065 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.3065 Section 51.3065 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the avocado may be slightly abnormal in shape but...

  11. 7 CFR 51.1007 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1007 Section 51.1007 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards....1007 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit shows normal characteristic shape...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1557 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1557 Section 51.1557 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards....1557 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the potato is not materially pointed,...

  13. 7 CFR 51.2652 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.2652 Section 51.2652 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.2652 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that at least 95 percent of the surface of...

  14. 7 CFR 51.2844 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.2844 Section 51.2844 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards...) Definitions § 51.2844 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means having the shape characteristic of...

  15. 7 CFR 51.3205 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.3205 Section 51.3205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the onion shows the characteristic shape,...

  16. 7 CFR 51.1832 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1832 Section 51.1832 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.1832 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit may not have the...

  17. 7 CFR 51.1534 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1534 Section 51.1534 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.1534 Fairly well colored. “Fairly well colored,” as applied to Italian type prunes,...

  18. 7 CFR 51.1277 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.1277 Section 51.1277 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... § 51.1277 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the pear may be slightly abnormal in...

  19. 7 CFR 51.902 - Fairly well filled.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well filled. 51.902 Section 51.902 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Definitions § 51.902 Fairly well filled. Fairly well filled means that the berries are reasonably...

  20. 7 CFR 51.1410 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well developed. 51.1410 Section 51.1410... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Pecans in the Shell 1 Definitions § 51.1410 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed means that the kernel has at least a moderate amount of meat in...

  1. 7 CFR 51.640 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.640 Section 51.640 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing...) Definitions § 51.640 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the fruit may not have the...

  2. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... port director for the transfer of the articles covered thereby to the buildings in which they are to...

  3. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... port director for the transfer of the articles covered thereby to the buildings in which they are to...

  4. 24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Regulations § 200.625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation in FHA housing... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Affirmative fair housing...

  5. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Fair market price. 51-2... FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee is responsible for determining fair market prices, and changes thereto, for commodities and services on...

  6. 25 CFR 700.119 - Establishment of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Establishment of fair market value. 700.119 Section 700... PROCEDURES Acquisition and Disposal of Habitations and/or Improvements § 700.119 Establishment of fair market value. (a) General. The Commission shall establish the amount of fair market value to be offered to...

  7. 23 CFR 710.707 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Fair market value. 710.707 Section 710.707 Highways... REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.707 Fair market value. A highway agency shall receive fair market value for any concession agreement involving a federally funded highway....

  8. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market value... procedures in order to estimate the fair market value of each area as a whole. The evaluation will...

  9. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  10. 23 CFR 710.707 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Fair market value. 710.707 Section 710.707 Highways... REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.707 Fair market value. A highway agency shall receive fair market value for any concession agreement involving a federally funded highway....

  11. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Fair market price. 51-2... FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee is responsible for determining fair market prices, and changes thereto, for commodities and services on...

  12. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  13. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair market value of the affected farmer's normal marketings, which, for the purposes of this subpart,...

  14. 25 CFR 700.119 - Establishment of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Establishment of fair market value. 700.119 Section 700... PROCEDURES Acquisition and Disposal of Habitations and/or Improvements § 700.119 Establishment of fair market value. (a) General. The Commission shall establish the amount of fair market value to be offered to...

  15. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market value... procedures in order to estimate the fair market value of each area as a whole. The evaluation will...

  16. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  17. 23 CFR 710.707 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair market value. 710.707 Section 710.707 Highways... REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.707 Fair market value. A highway agency shall receive fair market value for any concession agreement involving a federally funded highway....

  18. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section 710... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of...

  19. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market value... procedures in order to estimate the fair market value of each area as a whole. The evaluation will...

  20. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section 710... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of...

  1. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair market value of the affected farmer's normal marketings, which, for the purposes of this subpart,...

  2. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Fair market price. 51-2.7... WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee is responsible for determining fair market prices, and changes thereto, for commodities and services on the Procurement List....

  3. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair market value of the affected farmer's normal marketings, which, for the purposes of this subpart,...

  4. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section 710... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of...

  5. 'Fair benefits' accounts of exploitation require a normative principle of fairness: response to Gbadegesin and Wendler, and Emanuel et al.

    PubMed

    Ballantyne, Angela

    2008-05-01

    In 2004 Emanuel et al. published an influential account of exploitation in international research, which has become known as the 'fair benefits account'. In this paper I argue that the thin definition of fairness presented by Emanuel et al, and subsequently endorsed by Gbadegesin and Wendler, does not provide a notion of fairness that is adequately robust to support a fair benefits account of exploitation. The authors present a procedural notion of fairness--the fair distribution of the benefits of research is to be determined on a case-by-case basis by the parties involved in each study. The fairness of the distribution of benefits is not assessed against an independent normative standard. Emanuel et al.'s account of fairness provides a framework for objecting only to transactions that occur without the fully informed consent of the weaker party. As a result, a debate about exploitation collapses into a debate about consent. This is problematic because, as the proponents of the fair benefits framework acknowledge, neither the trial participants' consent nor the host community's consent preclude exploitation. Attempts to stipulate normative standards of fairness to protect research subjects in developing countries have been controversial and divisive, and it is therefore understandable that bioethicists would be tempted to develop accounts of exploitation that are independent of such prescriptive principles. I conclude, however, that the utility of the fair benefits model of exploitation as a policy tool will ultimately depend on whether a substantive principle of fairness can be developed to underpin it.

  6. {barP}ANDA at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schepers, G.

    The {barP}ANDA experiment represents the central part of the hadron physics branch of the antiproton program of the new Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt/Germany. It will investigate antiproton annihilations with an almost 4π acceptance from two sequent spectrometer in the momentum range from 1.5 to 15 GeV/c. The gluon rich reaction product of antiproton-proton and antiproton-nucleus collisions on one hand and the high intensity and phase space cooled antiproton beam of the HESR on the other hand constitutes an ideal environment to study the sector of non-conventional hadronic states.

  7. The fair factor in matters of trust.

    PubMed

    Williams, Lauren L

    2006-01-01

    Communities are bound together by trust among their members. Trust thrives when a pervasive sense of fairness exists. Evidence suggests that trust has social, professional, and economic value for today's organizations, making it worthy of attention. Matters of trust and justice are important and timely for nurse leaders to consider given the challenge to improve practice settings in a manner that enhances nurse satisfaction. The aim of this article is to make explicit the value in building organizational justice and trust within an organization's nursing community. Nursing leadership strategies are integrated, thus offering practical guidance in creating a culture of justice, making trust explicit, and establishing trustworthiness.

  8. How fair is an equitable distribution?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramírez Barrios, Elena; Díaz Ochoa, Juan G.; Schneider, Johannes J.

    2007-01-01

    Envy is a rather complex and irrational emotion. In general, it is very difficult to obtain a measure of this feeling, but in an economical context envy becomes an observable which can be measured. When various individuals compare their possessions, envy arises due to the inequality of their different allocations of commodities and different preferences. In this paper, we show that an equitable distribution of goods does not guarantee a state of fairness between agents and in general that envy cannot be controlled by tuning the distribution of goods.

  9. Nucléation, ascension et éclatement d'une bulle de champagne

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liger-Belair, G.

    2006-03-01

    trains de bulles ainsi qu'à la détermination de la vitesse ascensionnelle des bulles. Les mesures expérimentales du rayon et de la vitesse d'une bulle nous ont permis de déterminer le coefficient de traînée d'une bulle montante qui constitue une mesure indirecte de son état de surface en termes de mobilité interfaciale. Ces mesures nous ont montré que l'interface d'une bulle de champagne conserve une grande mobilité interfaciale pendant sa phase ascensionnelle, à la différence des bulles de taille fixe qui montent dans une solution de macromolécules tensioactives. C'est la faible dilution du champagne en macromolécules tensioactives et le grossissement continu des bulles pendant l'ascension qui assurent aux bulles une faible contamination de leur interface. Pour comparaison, nous avons réalisé le même type de mesures sur des bulles de bière. Le contenu en macromolécules tensioactives étant beaucoup plus important dans une bière, l'effet de dilution du matériel tensioactif à la surface des bulles lié à l'accroissement de la surface des bulles ne compense plus l'adsorption massive des tensioactifs à la surface des bulles. Contrairement aux bulles du champagne, les bulles de bière adoptent vite un comportement de type sphère rigide. Nous avons également discuté l'influence relative de certains paramètres sur la taille des bulles lorsqu'elles parviennent en surface. Il a notamment été montré que le rôle théorique joué par la température du champagne sur la taille des bulles est quasiment négligeable. Pour finir, nous avons proposé d'essayer de faire du train de bulles une sorte d'empreinte digitale du liquide effervescent dans lequel il évolue en analysant la dynamique ascensionnelle des bulles via la mesure de leur coefficient de frottement. Nous avons pu différencier à ce jour par cette méthode trois grandes familles de boissons gazeuses : les vins effervescents au sens large (champagne compris), les bières et les eaux gazeuses

  10. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2012: FAIR NExt Generation of ScientistS 2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arcones, Almudena; Bleicher, Marcus; Fritsch, Miriam; Galatyuk, Tetyana; Nicmorus, Diana; Petersen, Hannah; Ratti, Claudia; Tolos, Laura

    2013-03-01

    FAIRNESS 2012 was the first in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on 3-8 September 2012 in Hersonissos, Greece. The workshop covered a wide range of topics, both theoretical developments and current experimental status, that concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference was to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permament position to present their work and to foster active informal discussions and the build-up of networks. Every participant at the meeting, with the exception of the organizers, gave an oral presentation and all sessions were followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks questions were collected anonymously in a circulating box to stimulate these discussions. Since the physics program of FAIR is very broad, this was reflected in the wide range of topics covered at the conference: Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions Hadron Spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NuSTAR, as well as NICA and the RHIC low beam energy scan New developments in atomic and plasma physics In each of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2012 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the

  11. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2013: FAIR NExt generation of ScientistS 2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petersen, Hannah; Destefanis, Marco; Galatyuk, Tetyana; Montes, Fernando; Nicmorus, Diana; Ratti, Claudia; Tolos, Laura; Vogel, Sascha

    2014-04-01

    FAIRNESS 2013 was the second edition in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on 16-21 September 2013 in Berlin, Germany. The topics of the workshop cover a wide range of aspects in both theoretical developments and current experimental status, concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference is to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permanent position to present their work, to foster active informal discussions and build up of networks. Every participant in the meeting with the exception of the organizers gives an oral presentation, and all sessions are followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks, questions are anonymously collected in box to stimulate discussions. Since the physics program of FAIR is very broad, this is reflected in the wide range of topics covered at the Conference: Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions Hadron spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NuSTAR, as well as NICA and the RHIC low beam energy scan New developments in atomic and plasma physics For all of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2013 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the forefront of

  12. L'appendagite épiploïque primitive: une cause rare de douleur abdominal

    PubMed Central

    Yazough, Issam; El bouhadouti, Hecham; Mazaz, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Les appendagites sont une cause rare de douleur abdominale chez l'adulte, elles simulent souvent le tableau d'une appendicite aiguë ou une sigmoïdite, le diagnostic est souvent poser par une TDM ou lors d'un acte chirurgicale, le traitement est essentiellement médicale. PMID:26113913

  13. Centaur D-1A nose fairing jettison test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Prati, W. M.

    1976-01-01

    An experimental investigation was conducted to verify the functional and structural capability of the Centaur D-1A nose fairing. A full-scale flight-type nose fairing was jettisoned at the Lewis Research Center Space Power Chamber at simulated altitude. Two complete jettisons of the nose fairing were performed, one without aft helper springs and one with aft helper springs. A ''static'' rotation test was also performed to verify capability of the helper springs and to allow clearance measurements between the nose fairing and spacecraft envelope mock-up at certain discrete nose fairing rotation angles. Nose fairing trajectories, structural deflections, clearances, and hinge forces during jettison are presented. Data from subsequent Centaur D-1A flights, relative to nose fairing jettisons, are compared with the experimental results.

  14. Une vie active saine pour les enfants et les adolescents

    PubMed Central

    2002-01-01

    De mauvais modes de vie, comme une alimentation malsaine et l’inactivité physique, sont d'importants facteurs contributifs à une augmentation de la morbidité et de la mortalité secondaires à des maladies chroniques à l’âge adulte. Depuis dix ans, on remarque une augmentation du mode de vie sédentaire et de l’obésité chez les enfants et les adolescents, tant en Amérique du Nord qu’ailleurs dans le monde. Les médecins doivent être conscients de l’importance du problème, fournir des conseils de prévention aux familles et promouvoir une vie active saine dans leur pratique.

  15. Association d’une cytostéatonécrose néonatale, d’une hypertriglycéridemie et d’une hypercalcémie: à propos d’une observation

    PubMed Central

    Abilkassem, Rachid; Dini, Nezha; Oukabli, Mohamed; Kmari, Mohamed; Agadr, Aomar

    2012-01-01

    La cytostéatonécrose du nouveau-né est une hypodermite aigue qui apparaît dans les premières semaines de vie. Nous rapportons les caractéristiques cliniques et histologiques d’une cytostéatonécrose chez un nourrisson âgé de trois semaines, admis pour des lésions cutanées à type de placards sous-cutanées dures, localisées sur le dos. Le nouveau-né a développé une hypercalcémie et une hypertriglycéridemie d’évolution favorable sous traitement symptomatique de même que les lésions cutanées qui ont disparu en quelques semaines. PMID:22514760

  16. Etude de l'impact de la valorisation energetique de pneus hors d'usage, dans une cimenterie, sur les emissions gazeuses par modelisation de la dispersion atmospherique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bredin, Nathalie

    La génération incéssante de déchets nécessite le développement de nouvelles technologies, telle que la valorisation énergétique, pour en disposer. Une filière appropriée pour valoriser énergétiquement les déchets est le procédé cimentier. L'industrie du ciment est une des grandes consommatrices d'énergie. La température nécessaire à la préparation du ciment se situe aux environs de 1450°C pour faire réagir la matière première (cru) qui est sous forme poudreuse et constituée principalement de roches calcaires, argileuses, schisteuses,... Les gaz de combustion ont un long temps de résidence dans les fours. De plus, le mode de fonctionnement des fours est responsable d'un effet de lessivage des gaz acides par le cru alcalin. Ces propriétés font du procédé cimentier un bon candidat pour la valorisation énergétique des déchets. Les déchets interessants pour les cimenteries sont, entre autres, les huiles usées, les solvants usés et les pneus usés qui ont un pouvoir calorifique équivalent à celui du charbon. Les rejets à l'atmosphère des cimenteries sont principalement des émissions gazeuses. Ainsi, l'impact de la valorisation de pneus usés sur les émissions gazeuses de la cimenterie Saint-Laurent de Joliette a été étudié, à l'aide de l'outil qu'est la modélisation de la dispersion atmosphérique. Le modèle utilisé ISC-ST2, Industrial Source Complex-Short Term, est de type gaussien. L'analyse des concentrations maximales horaires et moyennes sur différentes périodes de temps (1 heure, 8 heures, ..., 1 an) des émissions gazeuses dans l'air ambiant montre que celles-ci sont en deçà des normes émises par le gouvernement québécois et par la Communauté Urbaine de Montréal. L'étude de la distribution géographique des polluants, d'après les concentrations annuelles, dans un rayon de 5 km autour de la cimenterie montre que le fait d'utiliser des pneus comme combustible de substitution n'a qu'un faible impact sur la

  17. Proton microscopy at GSI and FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Merrill, Frank E; Mariam, Fesseha G; Golubev, A A; Turtikov, V I; Varentsov, D

    2009-01-01

    Proton radiography was invented in the 1990's at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) as a diagnostic to study dynamic material properties under extreme pressures, strain and strain rate. Since this time hundreds of dynamic proton radiography experiments have been performed at LANL and facilities have been commissioned at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Russia for similar applications in dynamic material studies. Recently an international collaboration was formed to develop a new proton radiography capability for the study of dynamic material properties at the Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research (FAIR) located at Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany. This new Proton microscope for FAIR (PRIOR) will provide radiographic imaging of dynamic systems with unprecedented spatial, temporal and density resolution, resulting in a window for understanding dynamic material properties at new length scales. These dynamic experiments will be driven with many energy sources including heavy ions, high explosives and lasers. The design of the proton microscope and expected radiographic performance is presented.

  18. Une spondylodiscite tuberculeuse chez une transplantée rénale compliquée d’une mycose systémique

    PubMed Central

    Haddiya, Intissar; El Housni, Siham; El Harraqui, Ryme; Rhou, Hakima; Benamar, Loubna; Eziatouni, Fatima; Ouzeddoun, Naima; Bayahia, Rabia

    2014-01-01

    En transplantation, les complications infectieuses sont fréquentes et de diagnostic souvent délicat. Elles peuvent coexister chez le transplanté rénal rendant leur diagnostic encore plus difficile. Le but de ce cas clinique est de discuter les difficultés diagnostiques et de surveillance de deux types de pathologies assez fréquentes chez le transplanté rénal, qui sont la tuberculose et la mycose, à travers l’observation clinique d’une patiente de 24 ans transplantée rénale qui présente une spondylodiscite tuberculeuse et qui développe secondairement une septicémie à Candida non albicans à point de départ urinaire dont le seul point d’appel est la fièvre post opératoire. PMID:25667684

  19. Fairness overrides reputation: the importance of fairness considerations in altruistic cooperation.

    PubMed

    Güney, Sule; Newell, Ben R

    2013-01-01

    Behavioral findings in several strategic games indicate that people punish others if they think they are being treated unequally, even at the cost of minimizing their own material payoff. We investigated the primary driving force behind such non-self-regarding behavior, so-called, altruistic cooperation. In all of our studies, a mini ultimatum game was played either one-shot (in Experiment 1a and 1b) or repeatedly (Experiment 2), and rejections of inequitable distribution were taken as a measure of altruistic cooperation. In Experiment 1a, we replicated previous findings indicating that the key mechanism contributing to the emergence of altruistic cooperation is fairness considerations. In Experiment 1b, we delved into the relative importance of two aspects of fairness considerations (i.e., outcome fairness and intentions) and showed that both aspects were effective in determining the level of altruistic cooperation, with the contribution of intentions being more important. In Experiment 2, we investigated the effect of the opportunity for reputation building and future interaction on altruistic cooperation. We found that these factors became influential only when fairness considerations were weakened, particularly, as a result of the removal of the possible intentions behind an offer.

  20. Getting Started in Science Fairs: From Planning to Judging. The Teacher's Science Fair Survival Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Phyllis J.

    This book is provided as a helpful tool in ensuring a successful and satisfying elementary school science fair. The book clarifies the roles of teachers, parents, and students and provides information about types of projects, practical tips, and possible topics for research. Included are short bibliographies, sample forms (which are teacher…

  1. Project: Strategies for Sex Fairness. Evaluating Our School for Sex Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mook, Corena; Legg, Marilyn

    One of a series of instructional packets to aid schools in reducing sex stereotypes, this inservice guide for use with school personnel is designed to assist vocational schools and programs in evaluating their site for sex fairness. Covered are evaluations required by legislation and additional evaluations that may be added because of local…

  2. Project: Strategies for Sex Fairness. Recognizing My Fair and Unfair Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mook, Corena; Legg, Marilyn

    One of a series of instructional packets to aid schools in reducing sex stereotypes, this inservice guide for use with school personnel is designed to stimulate thought about the differences between sex discrimination and sex bias and to encourage school personnel to examine and evaluate their own attitudes and behavior for sex fairness as they…

  3. Remaking Science Fairs: Adaptations Create Science Conventions That Avoid the Typical Pitfalls of Science Fair Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harshbarger, Dena

    2016-01-01

    In her current role as an elementary science methods instructor at a small midwestern university, Dena Harshbarger wanted to help teachers restructure traditional science fairs into "science conventions" to more accurately reflect how scientists share their findings within a scientific community (Barth 2008). Traditional science fairs…

  4. Hub and pylon fairing integration for helicopter drag reduction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martin, D. M.; Mort, R. W.; Squires, P. K.; Young, L. A.

    1991-01-01

    The results of testing hub and pylon fairings mounted on a one-fifth scale helicopter with the goal of reducing parasite drag are presented. Lift, drag, and pitching moment, as well as side force and yawing moment, were measured. The primary objective of the test was to validate the drag reduction capability of integrated hub and pylon configurations in the aerodynamic environment produced by a rotating hub in forward flight. In addition to the baseline helicopter without fairings, three hub fairings and three pylon fairings were tested in various combinations. The three hub fairings tested reflect two different conceptual design approaches to implementing an integrated fairing configuration on an actual aircraft. The design philosophy is discussed in detail and comparisons are made between the wind tunnel models and potential full-scale prototypes. The data show that model drag can be reduced by as much as 20.8 percent by combining a small hub fairing with circular arc upper and flat lower surfaces and a nontapered 34-percent thick pylon fairing. Aerodynamic effects caused by the fairings, which may have a significant impact on static longitudinal and directional stability, were observed. The results support previous research which showed that the greatest reduction in model drag is achieved if the hub and pylon fairings are integrated with minimum gap between the two.

  5. Pontage fémoro-fémoral croisé avec tunnulisation périnéale sous-scrotale pour une infection grave du triangle de scarpa

    PubMed Central

    Mrad, Melek Ben; Miri, Rim; Kaouel, Karim; Derbel, Bilel; Tarzi, Mariem; Ghedira, Faker; Kalfat, Tawfik; Mizouni, Hbiba; Khayati, Adel

    2015-01-01

    Nous décrivons dans cet article une technique de revascularisation des patients ayant une infection de prothèse vasculaire sus-crurale au niveau dutriangle de scarpa, et qui minimise le risque d'infection récurrente du greffon. Cette technique consiste en un pontage fémoro-fémoral croisé avec un tunnel périnéal sous-cutané loin du scarpa infecté que le tunnel classique sus-pubiensous-cutané ne permet pas. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient âgé de 52 ans, artéritique, multi-opérés, admis pour infection du scarpa droit sur un pontage fémoro-fémoral prothétique perméable, le patient a eu une explantation de ce pontage et une revascularisation par un pontage périnéal sous-scrotal veineux loin du site infectieux; l’évolution a été excellente et le pontage est encore perméable après deux ans de suivi. Le pontage fémoro-fémoral périnéal est une procédure exceptionnellement réalisée, mais qui peut constituer une vraie option thérapeutique de revascularisation chez les patients avec une infection du scarpa. PMID:26955419

  6. Privacy, Liveliness and Fairness for Reputation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schiffner, Stefan; Clauß, Sebastian; Steinbrecher, Sandra

    In various Internet applications, reputation systems are typical means to collect experiences users make with each other. We present a reputation system that balances the security and privacy requirements of all users involed. Our system provides privacy in the form of information theoretic relationship anonymity w.r.t. users and the reputation provider. Furthermore, it preserves liveliness, i.e., all past ratings can influence the current reputation profile of a user. In addition, mutual ratings are forced to be simultaneous and self rating is prevented, which enforces fairness. What is more, without performing mock interactions - even if all users are colluding - users cannot forge ratings. As far as we know, this is the first protocol proposed that fulfills all these properties simultaneously.

  7. Future Experiments with HADES at FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Tlusty, P.

    2010-12-28

    The Dielectron Spectrometer HADES installed at GSI Darmstadt recently provided new intriguing results on production of electron pairs and strangeness from elementary and nucleus-nucleus collisions. The obtained data call for further systematic investigations of heavier systems and/or at higher energies.For this purpose, the HADES spectrometer has been upgraded with a high-granularity RPC time-of-flight wall. In addition, a completely new detector read-out and data-acquisition system has been implemented which will greatly improve our data-taking rates. We describe the current status of the HADES spectrometer and our plans for experiments on heavy system collisions at energies up to 10 A GeV on the upcoming FAIR facility.

  8. Nuclear astrophysics with radioactive ions at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reifarth, R.; Altstadt, S.; Göbel, K.; Heftrich, T.; Heil, M.; Koloczek, A.; Langer, C.; Plag, R.; Pohl, M.; Sonnabend, K.; Weigand, M.; Adachi, T.; Aksouh, F.; Al-Khalili, J.; AlGarawi, M.; AlGhamdi, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alkhomashi, N.; Alvarez-Pol, H.; Alvarez-Rodriguez, R.; Andreev, V.; Andrei, B.; Atar, L.; Aumann, T.; Avdeichikov, V.; Bacri, C.; Bagchi, S.; Barbieri, C.; Beceiro, S.; Beck, C.; Beinrucker, C.; Belier, G.; Bemmerer, D.; Bendel, M.; Benlliure, J.; Benzoni, G.; Berjillos, R.; Bertini, D.; Bertulani, C.; Bishop, S.; Blasi, N.; Bloch, T.; Blumenfeld, Y.; Bonaccorso, A.; Boretzky, K.; Botvina, A.; Boudard, A.; Boutachkov, P.; Boztosun, I.; Bracco, A.; Brambilla, S.; Briz Monago, J.; Caamano, M.; Caesar, C.; Camera, F.; Casarejos, E.; Catford, W.; Cederkall, J.; Cederwall, B.; Chartier, M.; Chatillon, A.; Cherciu, M.; Chulkov, L.; Coleman-Smith, P.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Crespi, F.; Crespo, R.; Cresswell, J.; Csatlós, M.; Déchery, F.; Davids, B.; Davinson, T.; Derya, V.; Detistov, P.; Diaz Fernandez, P.; DiJulio, D.; Dmitry, S.; Doré, D.; Dueñas, J.; Dupont, E.; Egelhof, P.; Egorova, I.; Elekes, Z.; Enders, J.; Endres, J.; Ershov, S.; Ershova, O.; Fernandez-Dominguez, B.; Fetisov, A.; Fiori, E.; Fomichev, A.; Fonseca, M.; Fraile, L.; Freer, M.; Friese, J.; Borge, M. G.; Galaviz Redondo, D.; Gannon, S.; Garg, U.; Gasparic, I.; Gasques, L.; Gastineau, B.; Geissel, H.; Gernhäuser, R.; Ghosh, T.; Gilbert, M.; Glorius, J.; Golubev, P.; Gorshkov, A.; Gourishetty, A.; Grigorenko, L.; Gulyas, J.; Haiduc, M.; Hammache, F.; Harakeh, M.; Hass, M.; Heine, M.; Hennig, A.; Henriques, A.; Herzberg, R.; Holl, M.; Ignatov, A.; Ignatyuk, A.; Ilieva, S.; Ivanov, M.; Iwasa, N.; Jakobsson, B.; Johansson, H.; Jonson, B.; Joshi, P.; Junghans, A.; Jurado, B.; Körner, G.; Kalantar, N.; Kanungo, R.; Kelic-Heil, A.; Kezzar, K.; Khan, E.; Khanzadeev, A.; Kiselev, O.; Kogimtzis, M.; Körper, D.; Kräckmann, S.; Kröll, T.; Krücken, R.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Kratz, J.; Kresan, D.; Krings, T.; Krumbholz, A.; Krupko, S.; Kulessa, R.; Kumar, S.; Kurz, N.; Kuzmin, E.; Labiche, M.; Langanke, K.; Lazarus, I.; Le Bleis, T.; Lederer, C.; Lemasson, A.; Lemmon, R.; Liberati, V.; Litvinov, Y.; Löher, B.; Lopez Herraiz, J.; Münzenberg, G.; Machado, J.; Maev, E.; Mahata, K.; Mancusi, D.; Marganiec, J.; Martinez Perez, M.; Marusov, V.; Mengoni, D.; Million, B.; Morcelle, V.; Moreno, O.; Movsesyan, A.; Nacher, E.; Najafi, M.; Nakamura, T.; Naqvi, F.; Nikolski, E.; Nilsson, T.; Nociforo, C.; Nolan, P.; Novatsky, B.; Nyman, G.; Ornelas, A.; Palit, R.; Pandit, S.; Panin, V.; Paradela, C.; Parkar, V.; Paschalis, S.; Pawłowski, P.; Perea, A.; Pereira, J.; Petrache, C.; Petri, M.; Pickstone, S.; Pietralla, N.; Pietri, S.; Pivovarov, Y.; Potlog, P.; Prokofiev, A.; Rastrepina, G.; Rauscher, T.; Ribeiro, G.; Ricciardi, M.; Richter, A.; Rigollet, C.; Riisager, K.; Rios, A.; Ritter, C.; Rodriguez Frutos, T.; Rodriguez Vignote, J.; Röder, M.; Romig, C.; Rossi, D.; Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Rout, P.; Roy, S.; Söderström, P.; Saha Sarkar, M.; Sakuta, S.; Salsac, M.; Sampson, J.; Sanchez, J.; Rio Saez, del; Sanchez Rosado, J.; Sanjari, S.; Sarriguren, P.; Sauerwein, A.; Savran, D.; Scheidenberger, C.; Scheit, H.; Schmidt, S.; Schmitt, C.; Schnorrenberger, L.; Schrock, P.; Schwengner, R.; Seddon, D.; Sherrill, B.; Shrivastava, A.; Sidorchuk, S.; Silva, J.; Simon, H.; Simpson, E.; Singh, P.; Slobodan, D.; Sohler, D.; Spieker, M.; Stach, D.; Stan, E.; Stanoiu, M.; Stepantsov, S.; Stevenson, P.; Strieder, F.; Stuhl, L.; Suda, T.; Sümmerer, K.; Streicher, B.; Taieb, J.; Takechi, M.; Tanihata, I.; Taylor, J.; Tengblad, O.; Ter-Akopian, G.; Terashima, S.; Teubig, P.; Thies, R.; Thoennessen, M.; Thomas, T.; Thornhill, J.; Thungstrom, G.; Timar, J.; Togano, Y.; Tomohiro, U.; Tornyi, T.; Tostevin, J.; Townsley, C.; Trautmann, W.; Trivedi, T.; Typel, S.; Uberseder, E.; Udias, J.; Uesaka, T.; Uvarov, L.; Vajta, Z.; Velho, P.; Vikhrov, V.; Volknandt, M.; Volkov, V.; von Neumann-Cosel, P.; von Schmid, M.; Wagner, A.; Wamers, F.; Weick, H.; Wells, D.; Westerberg, L.; Wieland, O.; Wiescher, M.; Wimmer, C.; Wimmer, K.; Winfield, J. S.; Winkel, M.; Woods, P.; Wyss, R.; Yakorev, D.; Yavor, M.; Zamora Cardona, J.; Zartova, I.; Zerguerras, T.; Zgura, M.; Zhdanov, A.; Zhukov, M.; Zieblinski, M.; Zilges, A.; Zuber, K.

    2016-01-01

    The nucleosynthesis of elements beyond iron is dominated by neutron captures in the s and r processes. However, 32 stable, proton-rich isotopes cannot be formed during those processes, because they are shielded from the s-process flow and r-process, β-decay chains. These nuclei are attributed to the p and rp process. For all those processes, current research in nuclear astrophysics addresses the need for more precise reaction data involving radioactive isotopes. Depending on the particular reaction, direct or inverse kinematics, forward or time-reversed direction are investigated to determine or at least to constrain the desired reaction cross sections. The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) will offer unique, unprecedented opportunities to investigate many of the important reactions. The high yield of radioactive isotopes, even far away from the valley of stability, allows the investigation of isotopes involved in processes as exotic as the r or rp processes.

  9. Description matricielle de l'anisotropie de la transition inter-sous-bande d'une structure à multi-puits quantiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boucher, Y. G.; Le Rouzo, J.; Ribet, I.; Haïdar, R.; Guérineau, N.

    2006-10-01

    Dans un puits quantique, les transitions radiatives inter-sous-bande sont telles que seule la composante du champ électrique parallèle à l'axe de croissance est affectée. Cette spécificité confère à l'absorption un caractère foncièrement anisotrope. Nous établissons la matrice de transfert d'une structure à multi-puits quantiques en assimilant chaque puits à une couche mince anisotrope uniaxe. À l'anisotropie intrinsèque (règles de sélection) se superpose une anisotropie structurelle (biréfringence de forme). Les symétries du système permettent néanmoins de découpler les états de polarisation (s) et (p).

  10. Résection laparoscopique d'une duplication gastrique chez l'adulte: traitement avec succès pour une pathologie rare

    PubMed Central

    Toumi, Omar; Hssine, Hiba Ben; Noomen, Faouzi; Jabra, Sadok Ben; Korbi, Ibtissem; Abdelmoula, Ali; Trimech, Mayada; Mansour, Wafa Ben; Faiez, Boughanmi; Khlifa, Mohamed Ben; Rabah, Hatem; Mahmoudi, Ammar; Nasr, Mohamed; Zouari, Khadija; Saffar, Hammouda; Hamdi, Abdel Aziz

    2015-01-01

    Les duplications de l'appareil digestif sont les malformations congénitales rares qui peuvent toucher tout l'appareil digestive depuis la bouche jusqu’ à l'anus. Certaines duplications sont asymptomatiques et sont diagnostiqués dans la plupart des cas pendant l'enfance. La prise en charge de la duplication gastrique est essentiellement chirurgicale. Le traitement de choix est l'exérèse complète de la duplication gastrique. Les auteurs rapportent un cas inhabituel de duplication gastrique complètement reséquée par laparoscopie. A notre connaissance, ceci est le premier cas d'une duplication gastrique traitée avec succès par laparoscopie dans la littérature Tunisienne. La Résection laparoscopique peut être ajoutée à l'arsenal thérapeutique dans le traitement chirurgical de duplications du tube digestif. PMID:26889326

  11. Le traitement conservateur du cancer du sein: expérience d'une équipe tunisienne

    PubMed Central

    Dimassi, Kaouther; Gharsa, Anissa; Chanoufi, Mohammed Badis; Sfar, Ezzeddine; Chelli, Dalenda

    2014-01-01

    En Tunisie, le cancer du sein touche des femmes jeunes avec une taille moyenne au moment du diagnostic à 5 cm. Ces particularités font que la chirurgie radicale reste prédominante. Nous présentons dans ce travail l'expérience de notre équipe en matière de chirurgie conservatrice du cancer du sein. Le but de ce travail est d’évaluer les résultats de ce traitement. Etude rétrospective longitudinale, sur une période de 75 mois. Nous avons inclus toutes les patientes ayant bénéficié d'un traitement conservateur pour une tumeur maligne du sein. Ont été analysés: les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, les aspects radiologiques et histologiques. Le suivi des malades s'est basé sur la détection des récidives. Nous avons évalué le résultat esthétique à la fin de la radiothérapie. Le traitement conservateur a été réalisé dans 23.8% des cas. Le taux de récidives locales était de 6.8% avec une corrélation significative pour une taille tumorale > 30 mm (p= 0.009), l'association d'une composante intracanalaire (p= 0.035), le statut triple négatif (p= 0.003) et des marges d'exérèse < 5mm sans recoupes per-opératoires (p = 0.045). Les facteurs suivants étaient significativement liés au risque de survenue de métastases à distance: le statut triple négatif (p= 0.003), taille tumorale > 30mm (p = 0.006) et l'atteinte ganglionnaire (p = 0.001). Le résultat esthétique était satisfaisant dans 90% des cas. L'augmentation du nombre de patientes pouvant bénéficier d'une chirurgie conservatrice, doit passer impérativement par le développement et la promotion du diagnostic précoce et du dépistage par la mammographie. PMID:25810795

  12. How to do research fairly in an unjust world.

    PubMed

    Ballantyne, Angela J

    2010-06-01

    International research, sponsored by for-profit companies, is regularly criticised as unethical on the grounds that it exploits research subjects in developing countries. Many commentators agree that exploitation occurs when the benefits of cooperative activity are unfairly distributed between the parties. To determine whether international research is exploitative we therefore need an account of fair distribution. Procedural accounts of fair bargaining have been popular solutions to this problem, but I argue that they are insufficient to protect against exploitation. I argue instead that a maximin principle of fair distribution provides a more compelling normative account of fairness in relationships characterised by extreme vulnerability and inequality of bargaining potential between the parties. A global tax on international research would provide a mechanism for implementing the maximin account of fair benefits. This model has the capacity to ensure fair benefits and thereby prevent exploitation in international research.

  13. Parallel job scheduling policies to improve fairness : a case study.

    SciTech Connect

    Leung, Vitus Joseph; Sabin, Gerald; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

    2008-02-01

    Balancing fairness, user performance, and system performance is a critical concern when developing and installing parallel schedulers. Sandia uses a customized scheduler to manage many of their parallel machines. A primary function of the scheduler is to ensure that the machines have good utilization and that users are treated in a 'fair' manner. A separate compute process allocator (CPA) ensures that the jobs on the machines are not too fragmented in order to maximize throughput. Until recently, there has been no established technique to measure the fairness of parallel job schedulers. This paper introduces a 'hybrid' fairness metric that is similar to recently proposed metrics. The metric uses the Sandia version of a 'fairshare' queuing priority as the basis for fairness. The hybrid fairness metric is used to evaluate a Sandia workload. Using these results, multiple scheduling strategies are introduced to improve performance while satisfying user and system performance constraints.

  14. Cystite gangréneuse de la vessie compliquée d’une perforation spontanée en intrapéritonéal

    PubMed Central

    Ben Chehida, Mohamed Ali; Chlif, Mohamed; Saadi, Ahmed; Gargouri, Mourad Mohamed; Sellami, Ahmed; Ben Rhouma, Sami; Nouira, Yassine

    2016-01-01

    Résumé La cystite gangréneuse compliquée d’une perforation en intrapéritonéal est une pathologie extrêmement rare. Le facteur étiopathogénique principal est l’ischémie de la paroi vésicale. L’intoxication alcoolique comme facteur à l’origine d’une ischémie pariétale constitue un mécanisme complexe mais grave du fait de l’étendue des lésions et du terrain sur lequel se greffe cette complication. Ce cas clinique rapporte l’observation d’un patient de 36 ans, alcoolique chronique, hospitalisé en raison d’un tableau clinique de péritonite aiguë; L’exploration chirurgicale a révélé une gangrène localisée de la vessie à l’origine d’une perforation spontanée en intrapéritonéal. Après réparation chirurgicale, la fonction et la capacité vésicales sont revenues à la normale. PMID:28255422

  15. Localisation tubaire et ovarienne d'une malakoplakie: à propos d'un cas et revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Boubess, Ikram; Ouassour, Salma; Tazi, Mokha; Filali, Adib; Alami, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    La malakoplakie est une pathologie inflammatoire rare qui résulte d'un déficit de la fonction phagocytaire macrophagique. Il n'existe pas de symptomatologie spécifique de la maladie mais dépendante de l'organe touché. Nous rapportons un cas rare de malakoplakie annexielle chez une femme de 36 ans qui a été opérée pour suspicion de cancer ovarien et dont le diagnostic de malakoplakie ne s'est fait qu’à l'examen anatomopathologique. La malakoplakie touche essentiellement le tractus urogénital et le diagnostic positif repose seulement sur l'histologie. Le traitement est basé sur l'antibiothérapie et l'exérèse chirurgicale si mauvais état de l'organe atteint. PMID:26600916

  16. Les tumeurs glomiques de la main: une étude rétrospective de 11 cas

    PubMed Central

    Boussakri, Hassan; Elibrahimi, Abdelhalim; Hahem, Chafik; Bachiri, Mohammed; Hammas, Nawal; Elidrissi, Mohammed; Shimi, Mohamed; Roux, Jean Luc; Elmrini, Abdelmajid

    2016-01-01

    Tumeur glomique selon MASSON est une prolifération neuro-myo-arterielle bénigne. Elle représente environ 1% -5% de toutes les tumeurs de la main. La douleur est le signe clinique principal. Le diagnostic de certitude repose sur un faisceau d’arguments: clinique et radiologique, mais seul l’histologie qui permet la confirmation. Une série de 11 patientsa été revue rétrospectivement, l’âge moyen était de 36,27ans avec un recul moyen de 34,40 mois, et des extrêmes de 8 et 48 ans. L’exérèse chirurgicale étaitréalisée chez tous les patients. Cette stratégie nous a permis d’obtenir des résultats satisfaisants. PMID:27800115

  17. 7 CFR 51.1830 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1830 Section 51.1830... Definitions § 51.1830 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that the surface of the fruit may have green color which does not exceed the aggregate area of a circle 1-1/4 inches (31.8 mm) in diameter...

  18. Un syndrome malin des neuroleptiques compliqué d'hémorragie méningée et révélant une vascularite cérébrale

    PubMed Central

    Jouali, Toufik; Boukatta, Brahim; Bechri, Brahim; Houari, Nawfel; Bouazzaoui, Abderahim; Sbai, Hicham; Kanjaa, Nabil

    2014-01-01

    Le syndrome malin des neuroleptiques est une complication du traitement par les neuroleptiques. Son incidence est estimée à 0,02% dans la population générale. Le traitement reste symptomatique et repose essentiellement sur l'arrêt immédiat du traitement antérieur. Nous rapportons l'observation clinique d'une patiente de 26 ans, schizophrénique sous Chlorpromazine, se présentant aux urgences pour la prise en charge d'un syndrome malin des neuroleptiques compliqué d'une hémorragie méningée et révélant une vascularite cérébrale. PMID:25852790

  19. Attitudes of ETV Managers toward the Fairness Doctrine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meeske, M. D.; Handberg, Roger Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Most educational television managers surveyed believed that the Fairness Doctrine makes a positive impact on public affairs programing by encouraging a balance of viewpoints concerning controversial issues. (KS)

  20. SE-FIT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, Yongkang; Weislogel, Mark; Schaeffer, Ben; Semerjian, Ben; Yang, Lihong; Zimmerli, Gregory

    2012-01-01

    The mathematical theory of capillary surfaces has developed steadily over the centuries, but it was not until the last few decades that new technologies have put a more urgent demand on a substantially more qualitative and quantitative understanding of phenomena relating to capillarity in general. So far, the new theory development successfully predicts the behavior of capillary surfaces for special cases. However, an efficient quantitative mathematical prediction of capillary phenomena related to the shape and stability of geometrically complex equilibrium capillary surfaces remains a significant challenge. As one of many numerical tools, the open-source Surface Evolver (SE) algorithm has played an important role over the last two decades. The current effort was undertaken to provide a front-end to enhance the accessibility of SE for the purposes of design and analysis. Like SE, the new code is open-source and will remain under development for the foreseeable future. The ultimate goal of the current Surface Evolver Fluid Interface Tool (SEFIT) development is to build a fully integrated front-end with a set of graphical user interface (GUI) elements. Such a front-end enables the access to functionalities that are developed along with the GUIs to deal with pre-processing, convergence computation operation, and post-processing. In other words, SE-FIT is not just a GUI front-end, but an integrated environment that can perform sophisticated computational tasks, e.g. importing industry standard file formats and employing parameter sweep functions, which are both lacking in SE, and require minimal interaction by the user. These functions are created using a mixture of Visual Basic and the SE script language. These form the foundation for a high-performance front-end that substantially simplifies use without sacrificing the proven capabilities of SE. The real power of SE-FIT lies in its automated pre-processing, pre-defined geometries, convergence computation operation