Science.gov

Sample records for se faire une

  1. Une arthrite septique sur prothèse totale de genou à Pasteurella multocida: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Kouevidjin, Biova Teko; Bassinga, Jonathan Sylvanus

    2015-01-01

    Une arthrite septique sur PTG est due essentiellement au Staphylococcus aureus suivie des staphylocoques à coagulase négative, et les streptocoques. Au cours de ses 40 dernières années très peu de cas d'infection sur arthroplastie à Pasteurella multocida ont été rapporté. La présentation clinique n'a rien de spécifique.la contamination survient après une morsure, griffure ou léchage d'un chat. L'interrogatoire et l'examen bactériologique est la clé du diagnostique. Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente de 84 ans qui présente une infection a Pasteurella multocida suite à une morsure du chat 06 jours au paravent. Elle a bénéficié d'une prise en charge chirurgicale par lavage et synovectomie et une bi-antibiothérapie avec bonne évolution. PMID:26523162

  2. Fair innings.

    PubMed

    Bognar, Greg

    2015-05-01

    In many societies, the aging of the population is becoming a major problem. This raises difficult issues for ethics and public policy. On what is known as the fair innings view, it is not impermissible to give lower priority to policies that primarily benefit the elderly. Philosophers have tried to justify this view on various grounds. In this article, I look at a consequentialist, a fairness-based, and a contractarian justification. I argue that all of them have implausible implications and fail to correspond to our moral intuitions. I end by outlining a different kind of consequentialist justification that avoids those implications and corresponds better to our considered moral judgments. PMID:24909449

  3. Fair innings.

    PubMed

    Bognar, Greg

    2015-05-01

    In many societies, the aging of the population is becoming a major problem. This raises difficult issues for ethics and public policy. On what is known as the fair innings view, it is not impermissible to give lower priority to policies that primarily benefit the elderly. Philosophers have tried to justify this view on various grounds. In this article, I look at a consequentialist, a fairness-based, and a contractarian justification. I argue that all of them have implausible implications and fail to correspond to our moral intuitions. I end by outlining a different kind of consequentialist justification that avoids those implications and corresponds better to our considered moral judgments.

  4. How Are Science Fairs Fairing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schachter, Ron

    2011-01-01

    For more than half a century, the annual science fair has been a fixture in many a school's academic life, both for science teachers, who guide classes through the hands-on experience of researching topics of interest, and for students, who often hectically put the finishing touches on their work the night before it is exhibited in the school gym…

  5. Planning a Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebert, Jim

    1976-01-01

    Presented are views, on planning science fairs and science fair projects, of a fair coordinator, a science teacher, and students. Also included are 25 questions which might result in science fair projects. (SL)

  6. La tamponnade cardiaque: une manifestation rare de l'hypothyroïdie

    PubMed Central

    Arous, Salim; Ettaoumi, Youssef; Najih, Hayat; Makani, Said; Alami, Arroussi Aziz; Habbal, Rachida

    2015-01-01

    La survenue d'un épanchement péricardique au cours d'une hypothyroïdie est fréquente. Ce fait justifie la réalisation d'une échocardiographie lors du diagnostic et du suivi évolutif des hypothyroïdies. Les signes de mauvaise tolérance de cet épanchement sont rares et la constitution d'une tamponnade péricardique n'est que très rarement rapportée. Ce travail se base sur l’étude rétrospective de quatre cas de tamponnade cardiaque révélant une hypothyroïdie primaire. L’échocardiographie a permis de faire le diagnostic immédiat de la tamponnade. Orienté par l'aspect clinique, le diagnostic d'hypothyroïdie a été confirmé par dosage biologique. Le traitement a été à base de drainage péricardique chirurgical et d'hormonothérapie progressive, l’évolution a été favorable avec disparition de l’épanchement péricardique. Certaines particularités physiopathologiques, l'intérêt de l’échocardiographie et du drainage péricardique chirurgical, tant au plan diagnostique qu'au plan thérapeutique sont soulignés. PMID:26848351

  7. Aplasie cutanée circonscrite du cuir chevelu chez un enfant rwandais: a propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Ntumba-Tshitenge, Olga; Kaputu-Kalala-Malu, Célestin; Mukampunga, Caritas; Mukendi, Kavulu Mayamba

    2014-01-01

    L'aplasie cutanée circonscrite du cuir chevelu ou aplasia cutis congenita, en nomenclature latine, est une malformation rare du cuir chevelu caractérisée par une absence de ce dernier. Elle peut intéresser l’épiderme ou toute la peau. La prise en charge d'une telle malformation est assez délicate. Elle est généralement chirurgicale et le pronostic dépend en grande partie de malformations vasculaires associées. Le risque infectieux et/ou hémorragique est élevé. Cette malformation peut être isolée, ne se limitant qu’à la peau du cuir chevelu; tout comme elle peut faire partie d'un syndrome polymalformatif associant l'atteinte d'autres tissus ou organes tel qu'on peut l'observer dans le syndrome d'Adams-Oliver. Nous rapportons le cas d'un nouveau-né rwandais chez qui on a constaté, à la naissance, une absence du cuir chevelu, parcellaire, intéressant une grande partie du vertex fronto-pariétal et la région pariétale gauche. Une IRM avec séquences angiograpiques réalisée plusieurs jours plus tard, montre une agénésie de la partie frontale du sinus longitudinal supérieur. A notre connaissance, aucune observation faisant état de cette malformation n'a jamais été publiée en Afrique Centrale. PMID:25838854

  8. An Alternative Science Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romjue, Mary Kalen; Clementson, John J.

    1992-01-01

    Proposes the organization of noncompetitive science fairs to create a more positive learning experience for children in the elementary grades. Describes methods of organizing and judging the fair, and provides a list of suggested resources for science fair projects. (MDH)

  9. Voie antérieure transversale dans l'ostéosynthèse d'une fracture type III du processus coronoïde chez un adolescent: à propos d'un cas et revue de literature

    PubMed Central

    Belmoubarik, Amine; Ahed, Karim; Abouchane, Marouane; Mahraoui, Mohamed Amine; Elandaloussi, Yassir; Haddoun, Ahmed Reda; Nechad, Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent une observation rare d'un jeune adolescent de 17 ans qui a présenté une fracture du processus coronoïde du coude survenue suite à un accident de sport. Il s'agit d'une observation décrivant un abord particulier par voie antérieure transversale permettant un contrôle direct et vissage en compression du fragment déplacé; l’évolution radio clinique était satisfaisante. Nous discuterons à la lumière de la littérature, notre attitude thérapeutique, et l’évolution de ce cadre nosologique à travers l'analyse de cette observation. PMID:26113908

  10. L’alimentation des enfants ayant une déficience neurologique

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    La malnutrition, qu’il s’agisse de sous-alimentation ou de suralimentation, est courante chez les enfants ayant une déficience neurologique. Les besoins en énergie sont difficiles à définir au sein de cette population hétérogène. De plus, on manque d’information sur ce qui constitue la croissance normale chez ces enfants. Des facteurs non nutritionnels peuvent influer sur la croissance, mais des facteurs nutritionnels, tels qu’un apport calorique insuffisant, des pertes excessives d’éléments nutritifs et un métabolisme énergétique anormal, contribuent également au retard de croissance de ces enfants. La malnutrition est liée à une importante morbidité, tandis que la réadaptation nutritionnelle améliore l’état de santé global. Le soutien nutritionnel doit faire partie intégrante de la prise en charge des enfants ayant une déficience nutritionnelle et viser non seulement à améliorer l’état nutritionnel, mais également la qualité de vie des patients et de leur famille. Au moment d’envisager une intervention nutritionnelle, il faut tenir compte du dysfonctionnement oromoteur, du reflux gastro-œsophagien et de l’aspiration pulmonaire, et une équipe multidisciplinaire doit se concerter. Il faut repérer rapidement les enfants vulnérables à des troubles nutritionnels et procéder à une évaluation de leur état nutritionnel au moins une fois par année, et plus souvent chez les nourrissons et les jeunes enfants ou chez les enfants qui risquent de souffrir de malnutrition. Il faut optimiser l’apport oral s’il est sécuritaire, mais entreprendre une alimentation entérale chez les enfants ayant un dysfonctionnement oromoteur qui provoque une aspiration marquée ou chez ceux qui sont incapables de maintenir un état nutritionnel suffisant au moyen de l’apport oral. Il faut réserver l’alimentation par sonde nasogastrique aux interventions à court terme, mais si une intervention nutritionnelle prolongée s

  11. Iowa State Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohrn, Deborah Gore, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    This issue of the "Goldfinch" focuses on the Iowa state fair. The magazine begins with a map of the fair as it looks today. The article explains that the first Iowa state fair was held in 1854. After traveling from town to town for several years, the fair settled in the capital city of Des Moines in 1878. Eight years later, in 1886, the first fair…

  12. A Fair Proposition?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grobman, Arnold

    1993-01-01

    Describes problems with school science fairs including poor judging and a lack of understanding by the students of their own projects. Suggests improvements to the system. One suggestion is for science fair projects to be displayed only in classrooms and not district or regional fairs. (PR)

  13. Resizing Triathlons for Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wainer, Howard; De Veaux, Richard D.

    As currently configured, triathlons are dominated by cyclists and runners. The concept of fairness, as applied to triathlons, suggests that a cyclist, runner, and swimmer, all equally proficient, can each traverse the associated segment of the triathlon in approximately equal times. This definition of fairness is used to derive fair triathlon…

  14. Une fistule recto-vaginale rentrant dans le cadre d'un syndrome de Currarino

    PubMed Central

    Idrissi, Mounia Lakhdar; Babakhoya, Abdeladim; Bouabdellah, Youssef; Hida, Mostapha

    2011-01-01

    Le syndrome de Currarino (SC) est défini par une triade rassemblant une malformation ano-rectale, une agénésie sacrée et une tumeur pré-sacrée. Nous rapportons le cas d'une fille de 4 ans et demi ayant été admise en consultation de gastro-entérologie pédiatrique pour constipation avec issue de selle à travers un orifice vulvaire. La radiographie du rachis avait montré une agénésie sacrée. Le fistulo-scanner a mis en évidence une fistule recto-vaginale et l'IRM pelvienne a confirmé l'agénésie sacrée et a retrouvé une méningocèle antérieure. La découverte d'une malformation ano-rectale doit faire chercher une autre anomalie de la triade de Currarino. Cette affection, rare, nécessite une prise en charge médico-chirurgicale assez complexe. PMID:22384297

  15. Rupture traumatique du tendon tibial postérieur survenue lors d'une fracture fermée de la cheville: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Karabila, Mohamed Amine; Azouz, Mohamed; Mhamdi, Younes; Hmouri, Ismail; Kharmaz, Mohamed; Bardouni, Ahmed; Lahlou, Abdou; Mahfoud, Mustapha; Berrada, Mohamed Saleh

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'une rupture post-traumatique du tendon tibial postérieur survenue lors d'une fracture bimalléolaire de la cheville. Le diagnostic a été posé lors de l'intervention chirurgicale. La réparation du tendon, non dégénératif, a été réalisée en même temps que l'ostéosynthèse. Bien que rare, cette possibilité de lésion tendineuse lors des fractures de la cheville ne doit pas êtreoubliée. Des douleurs résiduelles, un déficit de l'inversion active du pied, une modification de l'arche médiane du pied et à terme une évolution vers un pied plat valgus doivent faire évoquer rétrospectivement le diagnostic. PMID:27022431

  16. Rethinking the Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors reflect on whether the competitiveness of science fairs does anything to enhance the learning environment of schools. The authors narrate how a visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these gala events reminded them of why they so dislike science fairs. The authors mention that they applaud any sincere…

  17. Rethinking the Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    Spring is the season when thousands of creased cardboard pests can be found lodged under the armpits of students and teachers as they observe the educational rite of spring known as the school science fair. A recent visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these events reminded the authors of why they so dislike science fairs. In this…

  18. It's Not Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Jane

    2012-01-01

    Is a "fair test" the only way to carry out science investigations? Many children (and primary teachers) following the National Curriculum in England and Wales would answer "yes" to this question. This is because fair test investigations have historically been promoted in national assessment, published curricula, schemes of work and assessment…

  19. Fairness Doctrine in Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Charles Vance

    After a decade of debate, numerous Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rulings, and many court decisions, the application of the "fairness doctrine"--an act that mandates objectivity in the presentation of facts concerning controversial issues--remains unsettled. This report discusses issues involved in the application of the fairness doctrine…

  20. Transportation energy conservation fairs

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    An energy conservation fair sponsored by the Department of Transportation was described. It demonstrated how average drivers can save transportation dollars by changing driving habits at little or no cost. Exhibitors are listed. Methods for disseminating information and recommendations on how to set up such fairs are discussed. (MCW)

  1. Fairness and Ability Grouping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strike, Kenneth A.

    1983-01-01

    A recent controversy regarding ability grouping is that it is often perceived as a means whereby racial or class bias can be subtly transformed into mechanisms of discrimination which exhibit the appearance of fairness and objectivity. This article addresses the question of fairness in ability grouping. (CJB)

  2. A Virtual Careers Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leece, Rhonda

    2005-01-01

    In Australia, careers fairs have traditionally been one of the avenues used by major companies to recruit their graduate staff. Most Australian universities have a one- or two-day event of this type to promote their graduates to employers and to expose their students to employment opportunities. Attendance at careers fairs is expensive for…

  3. Fair Use and Copyright.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Scott; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Special section on fair use and copyright contains three articles: "The Management of Intellectual Property" (Scott Bennett); "The Meaning of Fair Use" (Kenneth Frazier), including electronic infringement and examples of court cases; and "Document Delivery" (Laura N. Gassaway), including copies for primary users, warning notices, electronic…

  4. Allergie respiratoire et “sunko”: une association rare, à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Ngombe, Léon Kabamba; Kangulu, Ignace Bwana; Nzaji, Michel Kabamba

    2014-01-01

    Il est rapporté dans ce texte un cas d'allergie respiratoire ayant fait probablement suite à une consommation d'un tabac sans fumé couramment utilisé en République Démocratique du Congo, le « Sunko ». Une rhinite et un asthme allergiques sont les cas. Cette observation permet d'attirer l'attention du monde scientifique à mettre sur pieds des études concernant la composition et les effets du Sunko pour appréhender cette association, puis d'informer l'opinion sur les dangers que courent les consommateurs de ce type de tabac et de faire la revue de la littérature. PMID:25426218

  5. A fair test of the fair innings?

    PubMed

    Oliver, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Priority setting in health care under conventional rules of health economic evaluation is based upon the ethos of attempting to maximize post-treatment health gain given available health care resources. In his later years, Alan Williams advocated the "fair innings argument,'' which balances differences in whole lifetime experiences of health with differences in post-treatment outcomes when prioritizing people for health care. This article reports a study that presented respondents with a number of abstract health care decision contexts in an attempt to test the extent to which post-treatment health maximization, the fair innings argument, or, indeed other "decision rules,'' are evident in the respondents' answers. The results indicate that the most commonly observed decision rule differs substantially across health care contexts, and therefore imply that rather than pursue an overarching decision rule, it may be more appropriate to vary the rule according to the particular health care decision context under consideration.

  6. A fair test of the fair innings?

    PubMed

    Oliver, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Priority setting in health care under conventional rules of health economic evaluation is based upon the ethos of attempting to maximize post-treatment health gain given available health care resources. In his later years, Alan Williams advocated the "fair innings argument,'' which balances differences in whole lifetime experiences of health with differences in post-treatment outcomes when prioritizing people for health care. This article reports a study that presented respondents with a number of abstract health care decision contexts in an attempt to test the extent to which post-treatment health maximization, the fair innings argument, or, indeed other "decision rules,'' are evident in the respondents' answers. The results indicate that the most commonly observed decision rule differs substantially across health care contexts, and therefore imply that rather than pursue an overarching decision rule, it may be more appropriate to vary the rule according to the particular health care decision context under consideration. PMID:19506083

  7. Traitement par plasma thermique d'une liqueur caustique pour la destruction des cyanures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fortin, Luc

    L'objectif principal de cette recherche est d'evaluer la possibilite de traiter le lixiviat de brasques usees produit par le procede LCL&L (Lixiviation a bas caustique et chaulage) par contact direct avec un jet de plasma thermique. L'utilisation d'un chalumeau au plasma permet d'eliminer les problemes de reaction avec les produits de combustion relies a l'utilisation de chalumeaux conventionnels (e.g. carbonatation du NaOH en Na2CO3). Le fait de se servir de ce type de chalumeau en mode submerge pour le traitement d'une solution liquide constitue l'originalite du projet. Les essais effectues dans le cadre de ce travail experimental sont realises a l'echelle banc d'essai dans un premier temps. Ils visent a determiner le taux de decomposition des cyanures contenus dans le lixiviat sous des conditions de plasma thermique en fonction de differents parametres et a faire la mise a l'echelle d'un reacteur pilote. La puissance electrique fournie au chalumeau, la temperature et la pression d'operation, le point d'addition d'eau, le volume de lixiviat traite et l'addition de peroxyde d'hydrogene (H2O2) comme co-reactif ont tous un impact sur le taux de destruction des cyanures trouve. Sous toutes les conditions etudiees, le reacteur plasma offre un taux de destruction plus rapide qu'un reacteur agite sous pression pour une meme concentration en cyanures. Ainsi, la comparaison de la constante cinetique obtenue pour le reacteur agite avec une constante similaire pour le reacteur plasma (pente du graphique -ln(C/C0) en fonction du temps) est de 0.04x10-3 s-1 vs 0.59x10-3 s-1 a 100°C et de 1.85x10-3 s-1' vs 3x10 -3 s-1s a 170°C. Ces resultats confirment que le plasma joue un role important sur la decomposition des cyanures et qu'il contribue a en augmenter le taux de destruction. Suite aux connaissances acquises sur le banc d'essai, un reacteur pilote est concu. Un chalumeau au plasma d'une puissance de 60 kW-150 kW et fonctionnant avec l'air comme gaz plasmagene y est

  8. Vehicle underbody fairing

    DOEpatents

    Ortega, Jason M.; Salari, Kambiz; McCallen, Rose

    2010-11-09

    A vehicle underbody fairing apparatus for reducing aerodynamic drag caused by a vehicle wheel assembly, by reducing the size of a recirculation zone formed under the vehicle body immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly. The fairing body has a tapered aerodynamic surface that extends from a front end to a rear end of the fairing body with a substantially U-shaped cross-section that tapers in both height and width. Fasteners or other mounting devices secure the fairing body to an underside surface of the vehicle body, so that the front end is immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly and a bottom section of the tapered aerodynamic surface rises towards the underside surface as it extends in a downstream direction.

  9. Science Fairs for All.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Donna Gail; Cook, Cheryl; Ribelin, Teralyn

    2000-01-01

    Discusses a science fair project with a diverse group of K-2 urban school students. Students experienced the purpose and procedure for a scientific investigation, although they learned in different ways and at different rates. (ASK)

  10. Rethinking Fair Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coffey, David C.; Richardson, Mary G.

    2005-01-01

    This article addresses misconceptions related to what makes an unfair game fair and describes from a personal perspective the process of discovering for oneself when a particular mathematical method works. (Contains 3 figures and 2 tables.)

  11. Caracterisation de la cohesion de l'interface AMF/polymere dans une structure deformable adaptative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fischer-Rousseau, Charles

    Les structures déformables adaptatives (SDA) sont appelées à jouer un rôle important en aéronautique entre autres. Les alliages à mémoire de forme (AMF) sont un des candidats les plus prometteurs. Beaucoup de travail reste toutefois à faire avant que ces structures rencontrent les exigences élevées reliées à leur intégration dans un contexte aéronautique. Des travaux de recherche ont montré que la résistance à la décohésion de l’interface AMF/polymère peut être un élément limitant dans la performance des SDA. Dans ce travail, l’effet sur la résistance à la décohésion de l’interface AMF/polymère de divers traitements de surface, géométries de fil et types de polymère est évalué. La géométrie du fil est modifiée par une combinaison spécifique de laminage à froid et de recuit postdéformation qui maintient les propriétés de mémoire de forme tout en permettant de réduire l’aire de la section transversale du fil. Le traitement thermomécanique le plus prometteur est proposé. Une nouvelle méthode d’évaluation de la résistance à la décohésion est développée. Plutôt que de tester les fils en arrachement et de mesurer la force maximale, les tests en contraction sont basés sur la capacité des fils d’AMF à se contracter s’ils ont été encastrés dans un état tiré et qu’ils sont chauffés par effet Joule. L’hypothèse qu’on pose est que ces tests sont une meilleure approximation des conditions rencontrées dans une SDA, où les fils se contractent plutôt qu’ils sont arrachés par une force externe à la structure. Bien qu’une décohésion partielle ait été observée pour tous les échantillons, l’aire de la surface où il y a décohésion tait plus grande pour les échantillons avec une pré-déformation plus grande. Le front de décohésion a semblé cesser de progresser après les cycles de chauffage initiaux lorsque la vitesse de chauffage était faible. Un modèle numérique simulant la

  12. FAIR project at GSI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kester, Oliver; Spiller, Peter; Stoecker, Horst

    FAIR -- the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe -- constructed at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH in Darmstadt comprises an international centre of heavy ion accelerators that will drive heavy ion and antimatter research (FBTR, 2006). FAIR will provide worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities allowing a large variety of fore-front research in physics and applied science. FAIR will deliver antiproton and ion beams of unprecedented intensities and qualities. The main part of the FAIR facility is a sophisticated and cost efficient accelerator system, which delivers parallel beams to different experiments of the FAIR experimental collaborations -- APPA, NuSTAR, CBM and PANDA. The accelerated primary beams will then be employed to create new, often highly exotic particles in a series of parallel experimental programs. Experiments with exotic particles will explore fundamental processes which are expected to have taken place in the early phases and still happen in the on-going evolution of the Universe. These processes produced the basic constituents of matter and overall structure we observe today...

  13. Fairness in technological design.

    PubMed

    Shelley, Cameron

    2012-12-01

    This paper addresses an important multi-disciplinary issue of current interest, that is, the implications of technological design for fairness. A visual, graphical methodology centered on the Taylor-Russell diagram is proposed to address this issue. The Taylor-Russell diagram helps to identify and explore ways in which predictions built into designs can pit the interests of different constituencies against one another. The configuration of the design represents a trade-off between the interests of the communities involved. Whether or not the trade-off is appropriate constitutes a problem of fairness or distributive justice. The breadth of this methodology is supported by a diversity of examples analyzed. These include a surveillance system, an automotive safety system, a civic information system, and the international food distribution system. These examples provide models for application of the methodology to the analysis of designs in further areas of concern. Limitations of the methodology are also discussed. While it helps to identify and clarify issues of fairness in technology design, the methodology does not provide a general theory of fairness, nor can it provide fair solutions to such issues without appeal to further principles or concepts.

  14. Découverte d'une tumeur grêlique suite à une occlusion intestinale aigue chez une femme enceinte: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Chouaib, Naoufal; Rafai, Mostafa; El Bouti, Anas; Belkouch, Ahmed; El bakkali, Hicham; Belyamani, Lahcen

    2015-01-01

    L'association d'un cancer digestif avec la grossesse est rare et concerne avant tout les cancers colorectaux, de l'estomac ainsi que ceux se révélant par une tumeur de Krukenberg. Le diagnostic est souvent tardif expliquant la fréquence élevée des stades avancés. Nous rapportons un cas d'une femme enceinte qui a présenté une occlusion intestinale aigue sur tumeur colique. Il s'agissait d'une patiente enceinte de 32 semaines d'aménorrhées, admise pour syndrome occlusif évoluant depuis trois jours. L'examen abdominal retrouvait une distension abdominale. L’échographie abdominopelvienne retrouvait une grossesse monofoetale évolutive de 32 SA ± 2SA d'aménorrhée, ainsi qu'un épanchement intrapéritonéal de moyenne abondance. Un scanner abdominal a montré une occlusion grêlique sur processus de la dernière anse iléale. La patiente a été opérée six heures après son admission. Le traitement consistait à réaliser une colostomie temporaire afin de dériver les selles et de décomprimer rapidement le côlon et évacuer les gaz et les selles. Les suites postopératoires ont été marquées par des contractions utérines jugulées par la tocolyse intraveineuse. PMID:26175830

  15. Is flat fair?

    SciTech Connect

    Bunzl, Martin

    2010-07-15

    Dynamic pricing holds out the promise of shifting peak demand as well as reducing overall demand. But it also raises thorny issues of fairness. All practical pricing systems involve tradeoffs between equity and efficiency. I examine the circumstances under which equity ought to be allowed to trump efficiency and whether or not this constitutes a defense of flat pricing. (author)

  16. No Stress Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Robert

    2004-01-01

    Two recurring hurdles seem to reduce the effectiveness of science fairs--finding time in the regular curriculum and excessive parental involvement. The time issue too often manifests itself with the obviously last-minute, overnight project of dubious learning value. The pollution of parental handiwork ruins the student's opportunity to actually…

  17. Super Science Fair Sourcebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iritz, Maxine Haren

    This guide to science fair projects is designed for students and provides clear directions on how to complete a successful science project. Real projects are used as examples and information and advice is provided by teachers, judges, and participants and their families about the process. Topics covered in this book include choosing a science fair…

  18. Fairness and the Predictors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellett, Frederick S., Jr.

    Certain conditions are investigated as to whether they are necessary or sufficient to indicate the fairness of a test, or predictor, in its role in the college admissions procedure. Eight general positions are considered that have claimed to provide sufficient conditions for the unbiasedness of a standardized test or predictor: (1) equal test…

  19. Une hanche douloureuse révélatrice d'une histiocytose osseuse multifocale

    PubMed Central

    Lahrach, Kamal; Alaoui, Adil; el Kadi, Khalid Ibn; Marzouki, Amine; Boutayeb, Fawzi

    2014-01-01

    L'histiocytose langerhansienne est une maladie rare qui touche principalement l'enfant et l'adulte jeune. Elle peut prendre plusieurs aspects, L'atteinte osseuse peut être uni- ou multifocale. Nous rapportons une observation d'histiocytose langerhansienne osseuse multifocale, révélée chez un patient âgé de 23 ans et ayant touché le col fémoral droit. La scintigraphie osseuse a permis de retrouver plusieurs localisations: l'os temporal, humérale et scapulaire droite. En raison du risque fracturaire, le patient a bénéficié d'une ostéosynthèse par vis-plaque DHS avec curetage biopsie de la lésion. L'examen histologique a révélé une histiocytose langerhansienne. L'évolution fut favorable après chimiothérapie par voie générale. PMID:25018840

  20. La maladie de Fanconi: à propos d'une nouvelle observation

    PubMed Central

    Es-Seddiki, Anass; Ayyad, Anass; Messouadi, Sahar; Amrani, Rim

    2015-01-01

    La maladie de Fanconi ou l'anémie de Fanconi (AF) est une maladie génétique rare à transmission autosomique récessive. Elle est marquée par une hétérogénéité phénotypique. Certains symptômes et notamment la triade classique faite d'une petite taille, d'un syndrome malformatif varié et parfois discret et d'une insuffisance médullaire d'apparition précoce, doivent faire évoquer le diagnostic. Nous rapportons le cas d'un enfant âgé de sept ans, suivi et traité pour une luxation congénitale des hanches, qui présentait une pancytopénie avec à l'examen clinique on note un faciès dysmorphique triangulaire, une duplication du pouce droit, une surélévation de l’épaule gauche et un retard staturo-pondéral. PMID:26213593

  1. Hémangiome fusiforme: une localisation inhabituelle

    PubMed Central

    Nasreddine, Fatima Zahra; Baghad, Bouchra; Chiheb, Soumiya

    2016-01-01

    L'hémangiome à cellules fusiformes été décrit par Weiss et Enzinger en 1986 et anciennement nommé hémangioendothéliome à cellules fusiformes. Depuis l'avènement des études immunohistochimique il n'est plus considéré en tant qu'angiosarcome de bas grade. C'est une tumeur bénigne vasculaire. Il touche presque exclusivement le derme des extrémités distales. Nous rapportons le premier cas avec localisation au niveau de l'omoplate, du sein, des cuisses et de la mandibule. Selon la littérature, seulement 9 cas localisés au niveau de la tête et le cou ont été rapportés. Nous rapportons un nouveau cas de cette entité rare et mal connue qui peut prêter confusion avec les tumeurs malignes. Notre patient avait une localisation au niveau de l'omoplate, du sein, des cuisses et de la mandibule. Une biopsie-exérèse était réalisée. L’évolution a été favorable avec un recul de 6 mois, sans rechute. PMID:27642429

  2. Bargaining and fairness.

    PubMed

    Binmore, Kenneth

    2014-07-22

    The idea that human morality might be the product of evolution is not popular. The reason is partly that the moral principles that actually govern our day-to-day behavior have been idealized in a way that makes a natural origin seem impossible. This paper puts the case for a more down-to-earth assessment of human morality by arguing that the evolution of our sense of fairness can be traced to the practicalities of food-sharing. When animals share food, they can be seen as enjoying the fruits of an implicit bargain to ensure each other against hunger. The implications of this observation are explored using the tools of game theory. The arguments lead to a structure for fair bargains that closely resembles the structure proposed by John Rawls, the leading moral philosopher of the last century. PMID:25024181

  3. Bargaining and fairness

    PubMed Central

    Binmore, Kenneth

    2014-01-01

    The idea that human morality might be the product of evolution is not popular. The reason is partly that the moral principles that actually govern our day-to-day behavior have been idealized in a way that makes a natural origin seem impossible. This paper puts the case for a more down-to-earth assessment of human morality by arguing that the evolution of our sense of fairness can be traced to the practicalities of food-sharing. When animals share food, they can be seen as enjoying the fruits of an implicit bargain to ensure each other against hunger. The implications of this observation are explored using the tools of game theory. The arguments lead to a structure for fair bargains that closely resembles the structure proposed by John Rawls, the leading moral philosopher of the last century. PMID:25024181

  4. Bargaining and fairness.

    PubMed

    Binmore, Kenneth

    2014-07-22

    The idea that human morality might be the product of evolution is not popular. The reason is partly that the moral principles that actually govern our day-to-day behavior have been idealized in a way that makes a natural origin seem impossible. This paper puts the case for a more down-to-earth assessment of human morality by arguing that the evolution of our sense of fairness can be traced to the practicalities of food-sharing. When animals share food, they can be seen as enjoying the fruits of an implicit bargain to ensure each other against hunger. The implications of this observation are explored using the tools of game theory. The arguments lead to a structure for fair bargains that closely resembles the structure proposed by John Rawls, the leading moral philosopher of the last century.

  5. Science Fair Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Kevin

    2004-01-01

    Sciences fair season is a time when seasoned non-science teachers typically give up all hope of cramming any more knowledge into the heads of their students. It's just too much. However, non-science types might be missing out on a pretty good deal. The science department has got these kids in a pretty tight grip as far as the process and the…

  6. Fractions: How to Fair Share

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, P. Holt; Edgington, Cynthia P.; Nguyen, Kenny H.; Pescosolido, Ryan S.; Confrey, Jere

    2011-01-01

    Children learn from a very early age what it means to get their "fair share." Whether it is candy or birthday cake, many children successfully create equal-size groups or parts of a collection or whole but later struggle to create fair shares of multiple wholes, such as fairly sharing four pies among a family of seven. Recent research suggests…

  7. Une pompe électrochimique : diffusion active à travers une membrane de polypyrrole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergamini, J. F.; Aeiyach, S.; Chane-Ching, K. I.; Jouini, M.; Lacroix, J. C.; Lacaze, P. C.

    1998-06-01

    A polypyrrole membrane has been used as an electrochemical pump. Molecules can be made to diffuse through the membrane only by applying oxidoreduction cycles. The system is very sensitive to the nature of the different species, only the initial doping anion crossing the membrane easily. Une membrane de polypyrrole a été utilisée en tant que pompe électrochimique. Seuls des cycles d'oxydoréduction imposés à la membrane permettent à des molécules de la traverser. Le système apparaît comme très sensible à la nature des molécules à faire diffuser et seul l'anion initialement dopant peut facilement traverser la membrane.

  8. Restauration adaptative des contours par une approche inspiree de la prediction des performances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rousseau, Kami

    En teledetection, les cartes de contours peuvent servir, entre autres choses, a la restitution geometrique, a la recherche d'elements lineaires, ainsi qu'a la segmentation. La creation de ces cartes est faite relativement tot dans la chaine de traitements d'une image. Pour assurer la qualite des operations subsequentes, il faut veiller a obtenir une carte de contours precise. Notre problematique est de savoir s'il est possible de diminuer la perte de temps liee au choix d'algorithme et de parametre en corrigeant automatiquement la carte de contours. Nous concentrerons donc nos efforts sur le developpement d'une methode de detection/restauration de contours adaptative. Notre methode s'inspire d'une technique de prediction des performances d'algorithmes de bas niveau. Elle consiste a integrer un traitement par reseau de neurones a une methode " classique " de detection de contours. Plus precisement, nous proposons de combiner la carte de performances avec la carte de gradient pour permettre des decisions plus exactes. La presente etude a permis de developper un logiciel comprenant un reseau de neurones entraine pour predire la presence de contours. Ce reseau de neurones permet d'ameliorer les decisions de detecteurs de contours, en reduisant le nombre de pixels de fausses alarmes et de contours manques. La premiere etape de ce travail consiste en une methode d'evaluation de performance pour les cartes de contours. Une fois ce choix effectue, il devient possible de comparer les cartes entre elles. Il est donc plus aise de determiner, pour chaque image, la meilleure detection de contours. La revue de la litterature realisee simultanement a permis de faire un choix d'un groupe d'indicateurs prometteurs pour la restauration de contours. Ces derniers ont servi a la calibration et a l'entrainement d'un reseau de neurones pour modeliser les contours. Par la suite, l'information fournie par ce reseau a ete combinee par multiplication arithmetique avec les cartes d

  9. Légionellose compliquée d'une rhabdomyolyse et d'une insuffisance rénale aiguë: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Bac, Arnaud; Ramadan, Ahmed Sabry; Youatou, Pierre; Mols, Pierre; Cerf, Dominique; Ngatchou, William

    2016-01-01

    La légionellose est une maladie respiratoire bactérienne due à un germe gram négatif dont la présentation clinique peut être bénigne se limitant à un syndrome grippal ou plus sévère se caractérisant par une pneumonie pouvant se compliquer d'atteinte multisystémique pouvant conduire au décès. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient de 48 ans ayant présenté une rhabdomyolyse compliquée d'une insuffisance rénale aigue au décours d'une pneumonie à Legionella pneumophila. Nous revoyons la physiopathologie et le traitement de cette complication rare de la légionellose. PMID:27642464

  10. Une angiocholite secondaire à un thrombus tumoral d'une tumeur neuroendocrine primitive du foie

    PubMed Central

    Baba, Hicham; Allaoui, Mohamed; Elfahssi, Mohammed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Oukabli, Mohamed; Sair, Khalid; Zentar, Aziz

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas exceptionnel d'une patiente de 54 ans prise en charge pour une angiocholite due à un thrombus tumoral, d'une tumeur neuroendocrine primitive (TNE Ive) du foie, dans la voie biliaire principale. PMID:26966504

  11. Obesity, paternalism and fairness.

    PubMed

    Kniess, Johannes

    2015-11-01

    Many liberal theories are committed to the promotion of population health, and the principle of non-interference in individual life plans. Public health interventions often bring out a tension between these two values. In this paper, I examine this tension by assessing the justifiability of liberty-restricting policies in the field of obesity prevention. As I want to show, a 'soft' form of paternalism, which interferes with people's choices to safeguard their true interests, goes some way in justifying such policies, but it leaves unaddressed the problem of limiting the liberty of those whose true interest is in pursuing an unhealthy lifestyle. I argue that in this latter case, the key to reconcile the promotion of population health with the respect for individual liberty is distributive justice: when we cannot help those who care about their health without doing the same for those who do not, fairness will often require us to do so.

  12. Tumeur stromale du mésentère: une cause inhabituelle d'une masse abdominale

    PubMed Central

    Tarchouli, Mohamed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Boudhas, Adil; Ratbi, Moulay Brahim; Ndjota, Bobby Nguele; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Les tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales (GIST) sont les tumeurs mésenchymateuses les plus fréquentes du tractus digestif. Elles représentent une entité nosologique individualisée depuis la découverte de l'expression quasi-constante de la protéine c-Kit détectée par la coloration immunohistochimique de l'antigène CD117. Des tumeurs avec les mêmes caractéristiques morphologiques et immuno-phénotypiques peuvent rarement apparaître en dehors du tractus gastro-intestinal. Nous rapportons le cas d'une jeune patiente de 34 ans présentant une masse tumorale mésentérique se révélant être de nature stromale sans aucun contact avec la paroi intestinale. Il s'agit d'une localisation très rare des tumeurs stromales à laquelle il faut penser en préopératoire afin d'avoir une conduite thérapeutique adaptée et efficace. PMID:26327998

  13. Astronomy Science Fair Projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pittichová, J.; Kadooka, M.-A.; Meech, K. J.

    2004-12-01

    ``Extrasolar Planet Transit", ``Lightcurve of a Variable Star", and ``Retrograde Motion of Mars" are some of the titles of high school students' projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. TOPS (Toward Other Planetary Systems) teachers who participated in the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy summer outreach program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech mentored their students. After attending the 3-week National Science Foundation Institute for several summers since 1999, these teachers in the summer of 2003 were trained to do observing plans to obtain images from telescopes, use image processing software MIRA for photometry, and produce light curves of variable stars and extrasolar planet transits. Others used the software ``Astrometrica" to do astrometry of Kuiper Belt Objects. Using Compaq laptop computers on long term loan, our teachers mentored students for astronomy projects during the 2003-2004 school year. These students made observing plans for images from the 31inch Lowell Telescope in Arizona and/or from the 2.2m University of Hawaii Telescope at Mauna Kea Observatory. Learning about filters, exposure time, magnitude, frequency of taking CCD images, and ephemeris required many iterations between students, teachers, and astronomers and graduate students who were assisting. Poor weather conditions and other frustrations exposed the students to the realities of research. However, they were rewarded with projects that impressed the judges and that will be described.

  14. Masse pelvienne chez une jeune fille: penser à l'hématocolpos

    PubMed Central

    Salem, Amina Ben; Yahyaoui, Sana; Messoud, Amal; El Mhabrech, Houda; Faleh, Rajaa; Hafsa, Chiraz

    2014-01-01

    L'hématocolpos est l'accumulation progressive du sang menstruel dans la cavité vaginale à la puberté. Il est souvent la conséquence d'une imperforation de l'hymen. Il se traduit sur le plan clinique par des douleurs pelviennes cycliques et une aménorrhée primaire. Plus rarement, il peut se révéler par une masse pelvienne. L’échographie est l'examen de choix pour le diagnostic de l'hématocolpos sur imperforation de l'hymen. L'imagerie par résonance magnétique (IRM) est l'examen d'imagerie de référence pour confirmer l'hématolcolpos et exclure d'autres malformations du canal de Muller ou des malformations urologiques associées. Nous rapportons un cas d'hématocolpos secondaire à une imperforation hyménéale diagnostiqué chez une jeune fille présentant une aménorrhée primaire et une masse pelvienne. Le diagnostic était posé par l’échographie et l'IRM et confirmé par l'intervention chirurgicale. PMID:25452830

  15. The New Faces of Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Nancy S.; Zieky, Michael J.

    2001-01-01

    Proposes additional ways for people in the measurement profession to think about the fairness of assessments and about the fairness of the uses of assessments. Suggests that measurement professionals must pay more attention to reducing group differences at the design stage of test development, to providing all examinees an opportunity to…

  16. Math Fair: Focus on Fractions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mokashi, Neelima A.

    2009-01-01

    This article depicts the rewarding experience of creating mathematical environments for kindergarten and elementary students by focusing on one of the most important and often difficult-to-grasp concepts (fractions) through play methods incorporated into a math fair. The basic concept of a math fair is threefold: (1) to create preplanned,…

  17. Does market competition explain fairness?

    PubMed

    Descioli, Peter

    2013-02-01

    The target article by Baumard et al. uses their previous model of bargaining with outside options to explain fairness and other features of human sociality. This theory implies that fairness judgments are determined by supply and demand but humans often perceive prices (divisions of surplus) in competitive markets to be unfair.

  18. Speaking of Fairness in Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffore, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    In an article based on her presentation to the 114th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Janet Helms described a concept of test fairness. Helms's approach to fairness appears to be based on the premise that socialization consists of experiences received from one's environment, which are simply internalized as personal…

  19. Nuclear Astrophysics at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Domingo-Pardo, C.

    2010-08-01

    An overview about the future international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research -FAIR- is given, with especial emphasis on the astrophysical aspects of the NUSTAR (NUclear StrucTure, Astrophysics and Reactions) project. Many types of astrophysically relevant experiments will be performed at NUSTAR. A common tool in all of them will be the large acceptance superconducting in-flight fragment separator (Super-FRS). Rare isotopes of all elements up to Uranium will be produced and spatially separated, thus allowing for the study of very short-lived nuclei. At the low energy branch of the SuperFRS the DESPEC-setup will allow for precise β-decay measurements, including neutron emission probabilities, and for the study of the nuclear structure of very exotic species. High precision Penning trap mass measurements will be carried out with the MATS setup installed at the low-energy branch. Large scale mass measurements will be performed using a complex of storage and cooler rings, the NESR and the CR. In summary, a vast amount of new data far off stability will become available. This will be particularly interesting for the study of explosive nucleosynthesis events, like the rapid neutron capture and the rapid proton capture processes. At the high-energy branch of the SuperFRS, the R3B setup will provide access to a large variety of kinematically complete measurements at relativistic energies, such as heavy ion induced electromagnetic excitation, knockout and breakup reactions or light-ion (in)elastic scattering in inverse kinematics. This will enable e.g. to study Gamow-Teller strengths or to determine astrophysical S-factors on exotic nuclei.

  20. Paralysie musculaire secondaire à une polymyosite

    PubMed Central

    Ennafiri, Meryem; Elotmani, Wafae; Awab, Almahdi; El Moussaoui, Rachid; El Hijri, Ahmed; Alilou, Mustapha; Azzouzi, Abderrahim

    2015-01-01

    Les polymyosites sont des maladies inflammatoires des muscles striés, d’étiologie inconnue. Le déficit musculaire, qui se résume généralement à une fatigabilité, évolue de façon bilatérale, symétrique et non sélective avec prédominance sur les muscles proximaux. L'intensité de la faiblesse musculaire est variable d'un sujet à un autre, de la simple gêne fonctionnelle à un état grabataire. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un cas de polymyosite particulièrement sévère avec paralysie musculaire complète, touchant tous les muscles de l'organisme, d’évolution favorable sous immunoglobulines intraveineuses et nous discutons les facteurs favorisant la paralysie musculaire. PMID:26185559

  1. [The role of economics in fair rationing].

    PubMed

    Prenzler, A

    2012-10-01

    For several years academic disciplines have discussed the potential conflict between scarcity of funding and fair health care. This review article shows the necessity of involving economic scientists in this discussion as well as their contribution to rationalisation, prioritisation and rationing of health care services. Thereby, it becomes clear that rationing and justice are not a contradiction per se. The interdisciplinary discussion in Germany needs less disciplinary egotism and more willingness to seek solutions and compromises. In this context the procedures followed in other countries can serve as examples.

  2. Une cause rare de plexopathie brachiale: une metastase d'un cancer du sein

    PubMed Central

    Maâroufi, Mustapha; Kamaoui, Imane; Boubbou, Meriem; Sqalli, Nadia; Tizniti, Siham

    2014-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente de 50 ans ayant une histoire de cancer du sein et qui accuse une symptomatologie d'atteinte du plexus brachial. L'IRM montre une masse qui envahie le plexus brachial compatible avec une métastase. L'IRM est très utile pour le diagnostic et l'orientation thérapeutique des plexopathies brachiales chez les femmes présentant un cancer du sein PMID:25360196

  3. Fair use versus fair return: copyright legislation and its consequences.

    PubMed

    Horowitz, I L; Curtis, M E

    1984-03-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the ramifications of legislative recognition of the concept of fair use in the Copyright Act of 1976. The fair use concept, while of small consequence in its normative origins, has turned out to be the foundation of the most perplexing and divisive issues in the new legislative guidelines governing copyright. Legislative recognition of the concept of fair use, coupled with enormous growth of a new technology--extending from xerography to on-line database systems--creates de facto exemptions to both the intent and content of new copyright guidelines. The issue is not one of limiting use or suppressing information, but of mechanisms for safeguarding the rights of copyright holders, be they authors or publishers, and insuring the free flow of information by providing a proper return on both intellectual creativity and capital expenditures. The authors argue that the elimination, or at least curtailment of fair use doctrine, coupled with an increase in technological approaches to reporting of secondary use of copyrighted material, will benefit all sections of the knowledge industry. Authors will receive proper royalties on use; publishers will be able to sell more books and journals at lower prices; and librarians will be liberated from extensive chores such as monitoring usage or determining fee schedules and transferences. The issue is one of fair return--an issue obscured and ultimately subverted by fair use.

  4. Citrate Metabolism by Enterococcus faecalis FAIR-E 229

    PubMed Central

    Sarantinopoulos, Panagiotis; Kalantzopoulos, George; Tsakalidou, Effie

    2001-01-01

    Citrate metabolism by Enterococcus faecalis FAIR-E 229 was studied in various growth media containing citrate either in the presence of glucose or lactose or as the sole carbon source. In skim milk (130 mM lactose, 8 mM citrate), cometabolism of citrate and lactose was observed from the first stages of the growth phase. Lactose was stoichiometrically converted into lactate, while citrate was converted into acetate, formate, and ethanol. When de Man-Rogosa-Sharpe (MRS) broth containing lactose (28 mM) instead of glucose was used, E. faecalis FAIR-E 229 catabolized only the carbohydrate. Lactate was the major end product, and small amounts of ethanol were also detected. Increasing concentrations of citrate (10, 40, 70, and 100 mM) added to MRS broth enhanced both the maximum growth rate of E. faecalis FAIR-E 229 and glucose catabolism, although citrate itself was not catabolized. Glucose was converted stoichiometrically into lactate, while small amounts of ethanol were produced as well. Finally, when increasing initial concentrations of citrate (10, 40, 70, and 100 mM) were used as the sole carbon sources in MRS broth without glucose, the main end products were acetate and formate. Small amounts of lactate, ethanol, and acetoin were also detected. This work strongly supports the suggestion that enterococcal strains have the metabolic potential to metabolize citrate and therefore to actively contribute to the flavor development of fermented dairy products. PMID:11722896

  5. Néphrocalcinose compliquant une miliaire tuberculeuse chez un nourrisson

    PubMed Central

    El Maghraoui, Jaouad; Souilmi, Fatima Zahrae; Hbibi, Mohamed; Houssaini, Tarik Sqalli; Hida, Mustapha

    2015-01-01

    La néphrocalcinose se définit par la présence anormale dans le parenchyme rénal de dépôts calciques pouvant résulter de différentes affections. Nous rapportons le cas d'un nourrisson de 7 mois chez qui nous avons diagnostiqué une hypercalcémie compliquée par une néphrocalcinose secondaire à une tuberculose miliaire aggravée par l'intoxication à la vitamine D améliorée sous hyperhydratation, furosémide et glucocorticoïdes. A travers ce travail, nous insistons sur l'intérêt de la recherche d'une hypercalcémie devant toute infection tuberculeuse, de la prise en charge rapide et adaptée sans oublié d'interrompre la supplémentation en vitamine D. PMID:26309458

  6. The Economics of Fair Play.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigmund, Karl; Fehr, Ernst; Nowak, Martin A.

    2002-01-01

    Reports on the field of experimental economics and speculates about why we value fairness and cooperation over the seemingly more rational selfishness. Illustrates a typical decision making situation using the Ultimatum game. (DDR)

  7. Testing Orions Fairing Separation System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martinez, Henry; Cloutier, Chris; Lemmon, Heber; Rakes, Daniel; Oldham, Joe; Schlagel, Keith

    2014-01-01

    Traditional fairing systems are designed to fully encapsulate and protect their payload from the harsh ascent environment including acoustic vibrations, aerodynamic forces and heating. The Orion fairing separation system performs this function and more by also sharing approximately half of the vehicle structural load during ascent. This load-share condition through launch and during jettison allows for a substantial increase in mass to orbit. A series of component-level development tests were completed to evaluate and characterize each component within Orion's unique fairing separation system. Two full-scale separation tests were performed to verify system-level functionality and provide verification data. This paper summarizes the fairing spring, Pyramidal Separation Mechanism and forward seal system component-level development tests, system-level separation tests, and lessons learned.

  8. [Sports participation and fair play].

    PubMed

    Cecchini Estrada, José A; González-Mesa, Carmen González; Méndez, Javier Montero

    2007-02-01

    This study examined whether the participation in intermediate contact sports affects the opinions about the behaviors and attitudes of fair play in the sports context and whether these effects are influenced by ego orientation. The participants were high level sportsmen from university and professional basketball and football players (N = 131). They filled in questionnaires to assess their participation in sports, their goal orientations, and their fair play attitudes and behaviors. The analyses of the structural equation model indicated that participation in intermediate contact sports predicted ego orientation; these analyses consecutively predicted low levels of fair play. The direct effects of sports participation in fair play decreased significantly in the presence of ego orientation, indicating that the last construct partially mediates the relation between the first two variables. These discoveries help us to better understand the processes that operate in contact sports. Finally, their implications for eliminating unsportsmanlike behaviors are discussed.

  9. Faut-il restreindre la médication avant une RSOS?

    PubMed Central

    Konrad, Gerald; Katz, Alan

    2012-01-01

    valuent les effets des interventions liées aux médicaments sur le dépistage du CCR par RSOS sont limitées par leur moins bonne qualité et parce qu’elles ne se penchent pas sur la sensibilité et la spécificité. Par contre, les données probantes disponibles ne font pas valoir de bienfaits à cesser les AINS, les médicaments anticoagulants ou le fer durant la période du dépistage. Ces recommandations devraient être abandonnées de manière à maximiser l’observance du dépistage. Les résultats positifs d’une RSOS chez les patients qui prennent ces médicaments doivent faire l’objet d’une évaluation complète pour dépister un éventuel CCR. Jusqu’à ce que d’autres études précisent l’effet de l’acide ascorbique sur le dépistage par RSOS, il semble prudent de faire cesser ce médicament avant les tests.

  10. Nouveau procédé de synthèse du nitrure d'aluminium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haussonne, J. M.; Lostec, J.; Bertot, J. P.; Lostec, L.; Sadou, S.

    1993-04-01

    Thermodynamic considerations show that, even at room temperature, pure aluminium can react with nitrogen to form the aluminium nitride AlN. However, pure aluminium does not exist: it is always surrounded by an alumina shell that protects the metal from further reactions. Furthermore, in the hypothesis where one has been able to make aluminium react with nitrogen, an aluminium nitride shell will protect as well the metal core from further oxidation. Prompted by the Lanxide process allowing to form Al/Al2O3 composites, we have mixed aluminium powders with lithium salts, and easily synthesized pure aluminium nitride by heating the mixed powders in nitrogen at temperatures ranging from 800 to 1200 °C. Starting from aluminium powders with a specific area ranging from 0.3 to 4 m^2/g, we have been able to produce aluminium nitride with specific are ranging from 1 to 20 m^2/g. Mixed with Y203-CaO and sintered at 1720 °C in N2, we obtained AIN ceramics owning 92% density and 160 W/m.K thermal conductivity. Les calculs thermodynamiques montrent que, même à température ambiante, l'aluminium pur peut réagir avec l'azote pour former le nitrure d'aluminium AlN. Cependant, la poudre d'aluminium pur n'existe pas : ses grains sont toujours entourés d'une couche d'alumine protectrice. De plus, dans l'hypothèse où l'on pourrait faire réagir de la poudre d'aluminium avec de l'azote, il se formerait de même une couche protectrice de nitrure d'aluminium qui empêcherait le centre des grains de réagir. S'inspirant du “procédé Lanxide” permettant de réaliser des composites Al/Al2O3, nous avons mélangé de la poudre d'aluminium avec des sels de lithium, et synthétisé du nitrure d'aluminium pur en portant ce mélange dans l'azote à une température pouvant être comprise entre 800 et 1 200 °C. Utilisant des poudres d'aluminium possédant une surface spécifique comprise entre 0,3 et 4 m^2/g, nous avons obtenu une poudre de nitrure d'aluminium avec une surface sp

  11. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2014: FAIR Next Generation ScientistS 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-04-01

    FAIRNESS 2014 was the third edition in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on September 22-27 2014 in Vietri sul Mare, Italy. The topics of the workshops cover a wide range of aspects in both theoretical developments and current experimental status, concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference is to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permanent position to present their work, to foster active informal discussions and build up of networks. Every participant in the meeting with the exception of the organizers gives an oral presentation, and all sessions are followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks, questions are anonymously collected in a box to stimulate discussions. The broad physics program at FAIR is reflected in the wide range of topics covered by the workshop: • Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point • Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions • Hadron Spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei • New developments in atomic and plasma physics • Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NUSTAR, APPA and related experiments For each of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2014 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the forefront of research that

  12. Approche au diagnostic de la maladie cœliaque chez les patients ayant une faible densité minérale osseuse ou des fractures de fragilité

    PubMed Central

    Rios, Lorena P.; Khan, Aliya; Sultan, Muhammad; McAssey, Karen; Fouda, Mona A.; Armstrong, David

    2013-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Présenter aux cliniciens une mise à jour sur le diagnostic de la maladie cœliaque (MC), ainsi que des recommandations sur les indications de procéder au dépistage de la MC chez les patients présentant une faible densité minérale osseuse (DMO) ou des fractures de fragilité. Qualité des données Un groupe de travail multidisciplinaire a élaboré des questions cliniquement pertinentes relativement au diagnostic de la MC servant de fondement à une recherche documentaire dans les bases de données MEDLINE, EMBASE et CENTRAL (de janvier 2000 à janvier 2009) à l’aide des mots clés en anglais celiac disease, osteoporosis, osteopenia, low bone mass et fracture. Les ouvrages scientifiques existants comportent des études de niveaux I et II. Message principal La prévalence estimée de la MC asymptomatique est de 2 % à 3 % chez les personnes qui ont une faible DMO. Par ailleurs, un dépistage ciblé est recommandé pour les patients qui ont des T-scores de −1,0 ou moins à la colonne vertébrale ou aux hanches ou des antécédents de fractures de fragilité associées à des symptômes ou à des problèmes reliés à la MC, des antécédents familiaux de MC ou de bas niveaux de calcium urinaire, une insuffisance en vitamine D et des niveaux à la hausse d’hormones parathyroïdiennes en dépit d’un apport suffisant en calcium et en vitamine D. Le dépistage de la MC devrait se faire pendant que le sujet consomme un régime alimentaire contenant du gluten. On procède au dépistage initial par le dosage d’immunoglobuline (Ig) A antitransglutaminase en utilisant la transglutaminase tissulaire humaine recombinante ou une autre transglutaminase tissulaire, en association avec l’immunofluorescence des IgA anti-endomysium. Une biopsie du duodénum est nécessaire pour confirmer le diagnostic de la MC. Le typage des antigènes des leucocytes humains peut aider à confirmer ou à exclure le diagnostic de la MC dans les cas où la s

  13. Blocage de Coulomb dans une boite quantique laterale contenant un faible nombre d'electrons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gould, Charles

    Dans ce travail on utilise une nouvelle geometrie pour augmenter le controle sur le nombre d'electrons contenus dans une boite quantique laterale, et ainsi atteindre un regime de petit nombre d'electrons. Ces echantillons permettent une etude du blocage de Coulomb quand les electrons sont injectes a partir d'un gaz electronique a deux dimensions (2DEG). Les mesures a faible champ magnetique demontrent la grande flexibilite des echantillons et montrent que l'on peut faire varier le nombre d'electrons dans une boite quantique a partir de plus de 40 electrons jusqu'a un seul electron, ce qui est assez courant dans les boites quantiques verticales, mais ce qui n'avait jamais ete reussi dans une boite quantique laterale. Nos resultats montrent egalement que dans les boites quantiques laterales il est possible de determiner le spin du niveau qui participe au transport a l'aide du phenomene de blocage de spin. De plus, dans certaines circonstances il est meme possible de determiner le spin total de la boite quantique, ce qui peut avoir des applications pratiques dans des domaines tels l'informatique quantique. Les mesures dans le regime de renversement de spin a un champ magnetique plus eleve montrent l'importance des correlations electrons---electrons dans ces boites quantiques, qui menent a des depolarisations et a des structures de spins qui ont un effet sur le transport. En particulier, ces correlations menent a l'existence de niveaux excites de basse energie qui causent une dependance anormale de l'amplitude des pics de blocage de Coulomb en fonction de la temperature. Nos experiences demontrent egalement la possibilite d'utiliser ces boites quantiques comme sondes pour etudier les proprietes du bord d'un 2DEG. Une voie de recherche a etre exploree.

  14. The Science Fair Experience: Profile of Science Fair Winners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellipanni, Lawrence J.

    The purpose of this investigation was to determine if a significant relationship existed between the criterion variable of receiving or not receiving awards at the 1993 International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) and the predictor variables of resources and facilities, resource personnel, personal costs, time, and personal characteristics.…

  15. Environmental Science: 49 Science Fair Projects. Science Fair Projects Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

    This book contains 49 science fair projects designed for 6th to 9th grade students. Projects are organized by the topics of soil, ecology (projects in habitat and life cycles), pests and controls (projects in weeds and insects), recycling (projects in resources and conservation), waste products (projects in decomposition), microscopic organisms,…

  16. Ongoing Issues in Test Fairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Camilli, Gregory

    2013-01-01

    In the attempt to identify or prevent unfair tests, both quantitative analyses and logical evaluation are often used. For the most part, fairness evaluation is a pragmatic attempt at determining whether procedural or substantive due process has been accorded to either a group of test takers or an individual. In both the individual and comparative…

  17. Playing FAIR in Law School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayfield, Craig K.

    1982-01-01

    Describes Brigham Young University's reading and study skills course for law students, which is designed to increase reading speed and comprehension. Explains the use of the FAIR (Facts, Action, Issues, and Reasoning) system for analyzing law cases. Covers student reactions and modifications implemented in course design. (AYC)

  18. A Kinder-Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Angelica; Vitti, Debbye

    2007-01-01

    A science fair might be the last thing you think of when planning a kindergarten science curriculum, but the authors found it to be the perfect avenue for teaching their students science-process skills. Here they share their steps in teaching science-process skills and assembling student projects in a kindergarten classroom throughout the year.…

  19. University--Science Fair Partnership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tallman, Erika; Taylor, Karen

    1997-01-01

    Describes a partnership between a fifth-grade teacher and a university methods professor that involved developing an elementary science fair project mentored by university students. Provides opportunities for elementary students to conduct scientific investigations to learn about science, and opportunities for education majors to have firsthand…

  20. Dissection & Science Fairs. [Information Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

    This collection of pamphlets and articles reprinted from other National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) publications was compiled to address the issues of classroom laboratory dissection and the use of animals in science fair projects. Three of the pamphlets contained in this packet are student handbooks designed to help students of elementary,…

  1. Science Fair Projects: The Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Bob; Keen, Dan

    This book approaches the development of science fair projects from the point of view that science should be enjoyable, interesting, and thought-provoking. The scientific concepts introduced here will later help young students to understand more advanced scientific principles. These projects develop skills such as classification, making measured…

  2. How "Fair" Should TV Be?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hentoff, Nat

    1974-01-01

    The "Fairness Doctrine" amendment to the 1934 Communications Act has had a negative impact on radio and television broadcasting in the United States. While the amendment was intended to prevent the nation's airwaves from monopolization by individuals or groups with specific interests or viewpoints, it has, in fact, restrained freedom of…

  3. Manipulation coherente de qubits de spin dans une boite quantique triple

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaudreau, Louis

    Nous presentons dans cette these une etude detaillee du moment magnetique intrinseque de l'electron, i.e. le spin electronique, incluant la manipulation quantique coherente des etats de spin de trois electrons couples. A cette fin, nous utilisons des boites quantiques laterales pour confiner les electrons. Ces nano-structures, d'une grandeur autour de 1 pm, permettent de confiner un nombre precis d'electrons de facon controlee, allant jusqu'a zero electrons. Les developpements technologiques et d'ingeniosite durant la derniere decennie ont permis de coupler trois boites quantiques, ainsi l'interaction entre plusieurs electrons confines peut etre controlee comme par exemple le couplage quantique tunnel et l'interaction d'echange entre les spins de chacun d'entre eux. A l'aide de boites quantiques couplees, il est possible de realiser des experiences dans plusieurs domaines de la physique moderne : les etats up et down du spin des electrons confines peuvent etre utilisees comme etats quantiques binaires (qubits) dans le domaine de l'informatique quantique, la non-localite quantique peut etre testee en separant spatialement deux electrons enchevetres, il est possible de creer des 'courants de spin enchevetres' utiles en spintronique, et bien d'autres. La manipulation coherente des etats de spin du systeme a trois electrons se fait de facon purement electrique grace a des pulses a haute frequence qui permettent d'augmenter le couplage entre les electrons et de faire la mesure de l'etat resultant apres la manipulation. Nous utilisons l'interaction hyperfine entre les spins des electrons et ceux des noyaux du cristal dans lequel ils resident pour creer les rotations quantiques entre les etats, notamment les etats |Q +3/2> et (D+1/2>. Les resultats obtenus indiquent un temps de coherence de l'ordre de 10 ns. Ces experiences demontrent un niveau de controle sans precedant de boites quantiques triples et pavent la voie vers des nano-structures plus sophistiquees dans

  4. Tumeur stromale rectale: à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Rejab, Haitham; Kridis, Wala Ben; Ben Ameur, Hazem; Feki, Jihene; Frikha, Mounir; Beyrouti, Mohamed Issam

    2014-01-01

    Les tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales sont des tumeurs mésenchymateuses peu fréquentes. Elles sont localisées préférentiellement eu niveau de l'estomac. La localisation rectale reste rare. A un nouveau cas de tumeur stromale du rectum ainsi qu'une bref revue de la littérature, on se propose d’étudier les particularités cliniques, radiologiques et thérapeutiques de cette entité rare. PMID:25120863

  5. Collector ring project at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dolinskii, A.; Berkaev, D.; Blell, U.; Dimopoulou, C.; Gorda, O.; Leibrock, H.; Litvinov, S.; Laier, U.; Koop, I.; Schurig, I.; Starostenko, A.; Shatunov, P.; Weinrich, U.

    2015-11-01

    The collector ring is a dedicated ring for fast cooling of ions coming from separators at the FAIR project. To accommodate optimal technical solutions, a structure of a magnet lattice was recently reviewed and modified. Consequently, more appropriate technical solutions for the main magnets could be adopted. A general layout and design of the present machine is shown. The demanding extraction schemes have been detailed and open design issues were completed.

  6. 7 CFR 51.582 - Fairly compact.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.582 Fairly compact. Fairly compact means that the branches on the... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly compact. 51.582 Section 51.582 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections,...

  7. 7 CFR 51.582 - Fairly compact.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.582 Fairly compact. Fairly compact means that the branches on the... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly compact. 51.582 Section 51.582 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections,...

  8. Playing Fair: An Essential Element in Contracting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peeler, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Playing fair has a value with which people are all familiar. From the sandboxes of childhood and the competitive sports of youth to the business transactions of adulthood, people have been told how important it is to play fair. Playing fair in contracting is not only essential, it's the legal and ethical thing to do. In this article, the author…

  9. A Science Fair Companion. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCann, Wendy Sherman

    This digest comments on various aspects of school science fairs. General expectations for science fair projects and participants are discussed, and tips for choosing a topic and completing a project are given. Organizational strategies for teachers charged with conducting science fairs are presented. Guidelines for parents in helping children with…

  10. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that, from the viewpoint of general appearance, the lot is not...

  11. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Walnuts in the Shell Definitions § 51.2965 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from...

  13. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from the viewpoint of general appearance, the potatoes in the container...

  14. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from the viewpoint of general appearance, the potatoes in the container...

  15. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that, from the viewpoint of general appearance, the lot is not...

  16. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1553 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that at least...

  17. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Walnuts in the Shell Definitions § 51.2965 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means...

  18. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from...

  19. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1553 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that at least...

  20. 7 CFR 51.1870 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1870 Section 51.1870 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1870 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato...

  1. 7 CFR 51.1870 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1870 Section 51.1870 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1870 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato is not conspicuously ridged or rough....

  2. 7 CFR 51.1910 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1910 Section 51.1910 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1910 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that...

  3. 7 CFR 51.1870 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1870 Section 51.1870 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1870 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato is not conspicuously ridged or rough....

  4. 7 CFR 51.1870 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1870 Section 51.1870 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1870 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato...

  5. 7 CFR 51.1870 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1870 Section 51.1870 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1870 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato...

  6. 7 CFR 51.1910 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1910 Section 51.1910 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1910 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that...

  7. 7 CFR 51.1910 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1910 Section 51.1910 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1910 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that...

  8. Inside the Science Fair: The Judge's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rillero, Peter; Zambo, Ron

    2011-01-01

    Science fair judges provide secrets to a successful science fair. Whether students are competing in science fairs at the high school, local, district, regional, state, or international level, their success is dependent on the judges' interpretation of their work. In this article, the authors present a series of questions and answers from past…

  9. Fairness and Using Reflective Journals in Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarkeburn, Henriikka; Kettula, Kirsi

    2012-01-01

    This study looks at the fairness of assessing learning journals both as the fairness in creating a valid and robust marking process as well as how different student groups may have unfair disadvantages in performing well in reflective assessment tasks. The fairness of a marking process is discussed through reflecting on the practical process and…

  10. 7 CFR 51.2965 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.2965 Section 51.2965 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Walnuts in the Shell Definitions § 51.2965 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means...

  11. 7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1581 Section 51.1581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1553 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that at least...

  13. Test Fairness and Toulmin's Argument Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunnan, Antony John

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the author's response to Xiaoming Xi's article titled "How do we go about investigating test fairness?" In this response, the author focuses on test fairness and Toulmin's model of argument structure, Xi's proposal, and the challenges the proposal brings. Xi proposes an approach to investigating test fairness to guide…

  14. Fairness and dynamic pricing: comments

    SciTech Connect

    Hogan, William W.

    2010-07-15

    In ''The Ethics of Dynamic Pricing,'' Ahmad Faruqui lays out a case for improved efficiency in using dynamic prices for retail electricity tariffs and addresses various issues about the distributional effects of alternative pricing mechanisms. The principal contrast is between flat or nearly constant energy prices and time-varying prices that reflect more closely the marginal costs of energy and capacity. The related issues of fairness criteria, contracts, risk allocation, cost allocation, means testing, real-time pricing, and ethical policies of electricity market design also must be considered. (author)

  15. Hyperons at CBM-FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmidt, Hans Rudolf

    2016-08-01

    The CBM experiment is one of the four scientific pillars of the Facility for Antiprotons and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt, Germany. Its discovery potential - complementary to heavy-ion experiments at colliders - is based on high-luminosity ion beams. This enables access to extremely rare probes such as charmed particles, vector mesons or multi-strange hyperons with high statistics. However, 3rd generations readout systems and detectors are required to handle the large interaction rates (up to 10 MHz for Au+Au) with sufficient precision and bandwidth. In this contribution we will outline the unique CBM physics program focusing onto hyperons.

  16. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan... forms to describe their intent for marketing to ensure that they meet the Fair Housing...

  17. Syndrome coronarien aigu en post-partum secondaire à une dissection coronaire spontanée: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    El Malki Berrada, Nabil; Zaimi, Achraf; Ezzouak, Abdellatif; Belhachmi, Hassan; Lagziri, Alaeeddine; Ratbi, Sara; eddine Elyounassi, Badre

    2015-01-01

    L'IDM per gravidique est une complication grave qui entraine une morbidité et une mortalité maternelle élevée. Bien que l'athérosclérose soit la cause d'IDM la plus fréquente dans la population générale, elle n'est observée que chez un tiers des femmes enceintes. Chez ces dernières, la cause la plus fréquente d'IDM était la dissection coronaire. Nous rapportons l'observation clinique d'une jeune femme de 24 ans, sans facteur de risque cardiovasculaire, qui a présenté un IDM antérieur étendu 15 jours après un accouchement, en rapport avec une dissection de la partie proximale de l'artère inter ventriculaire antérieure. Le traitement de cette pathologie n'est pas consensuel, et peut faire appel, selon la présentation clinique et angiographique, au traitement médical, à une revascularisation par pontage aorto-coronaire avec une résection de l'hématome de la paroi artérielle, ou à l'angioplastie transluminale. Le pronostic semble assez favorable quoique controversé. PMID:26161172

  18. Une cause rare du choc septique chez le diabétique: la cystite emphysémateuse compliquée d'une rupture vésicale

    PubMed Central

    Shimi, Abdelkarim; Boumedian, Abderrahman; Elbakouri, Nabil; Derkaoui, Ali; Khatouf, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    La cystite emphysémateuse est une affection rare rencontrée principalement chez les patients diabétiques mal équilibrés. Elle se caractérise par la présence de l'air dans la paroi et/ou la lumière vesicale. La tomodensitométrie abdomino-pelvienne reste l'examen clé pour confirmer le diagnostic. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente diabétique ayant présentée une cystite emphysémateuse favorisée par un diabète déséquilibré et compliquée d'une rupture vésicale intrapéritonéale avec évolution défavorable. PMID:26301019

  19. La synovite villonodulaire de la cheville, une localisation rare: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Benabbouha, Abdellatif; Basinga, Jonathan; Anteri, Ismail; Jaafar, Abdelouab

    2016-01-01

    La synovite villonodulaire (SVN) est une prolifération pseudotumorale bénigne rare de la synoviale articulaire, d’étiologie inconnue. Elle peut aussi se développer au sein des bourses séreuses, des gaines tendineuses. Généralement, elle atteint les grosses articulations notamment le genou et la hanche. La localisation de la cheville est rare, avec seulement quelques cas publiés dans la littérature. Nous rapportons un cas de patiente de 52 ans présentant une SVN de la cheville droite. Elle a bénéficié d'une synovectomie subtotale. A deux ans de recul, il n'y avait pas de récidive clinique. PMID:27231502

  20. Soins primaires des personnes victimes d’une lésion médullaire

    PubMed Central

    McColl, Mary Ann; Aiken, Alice; McColl, Alexander; Sakakibara, Brodie; Smith, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Effectuer une étude de la portée des données empiriques, entre 1980 et 2009, concernant les soins primaires aux adultes victimes d’une lésion médullaire (LME). Sources des données Une recension dans des revues révisées par des pairs de1980 à 2009 à l’aide de CINAHL, PubMed-MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Sciences Abstracts et Social Work Abstracts. Sélection des études La recherche électronique au moyen de mots-clés a permis de cerner 42 articles sur les soins primaires et les LME. Des critères d’inclusion ont servi à réduire la liste à un ensemble de 21 articles publiés en anglais qui portaient sur un échantillon de plus de 3 et présentaient une analyse empirique. Synthèse Environ 90 % des personnes atteintes d’une LME ont identifié leur médecin de famille comme étant leur docteur habituel; 63 % avaient un spécialiste des LME. Les personnes vivant à long terme avec une LME développent des rubriques complexes pour naviguer dans leurs systèmes de soins de santé personnels. Les données scientifiques ne sont pas unanimes quant à l’efficacité des programmes d’intervention directe pour le maintien de la santé et la prévention des complications à la suite d’une LME. Les données appuient cependant le suivi périodique par une équipe spécialisée et un bilan de santé annuel complet. La recherche fait valoir un fort degré d’uniformité dans l’identification des problèmes les plus courants soulevés par les personnes atteintes d’une LME en soins primaires, dont la plupart concernent l’incapacité, plus précisément les complications secondaires, comme la dysfonction intestinale ou vésicale et la douleur. Il existe aussi de bonnes données probantes à l’effet que de nombreux problèmes de santé généraux exigent de l’attention dans une telle population, comme les problèmes de la densité osseuse, la dépression et les questions entourant la santé sexuelle et la reproduction. Il y a

  1. Bilan d’une cure chirurgicale d’aspergillome pulmonaire secondaire a une lesion sequellaire de tuberculose au CHU/JRA

    PubMed Central

    Razafimanjato, Narindra Njarasoa Mihaja; Rakotoarisoa, Andriamihaja Jean Claude; Ravoatrarilandy, Manjakaniaina; Rakototiana, Auberlin Felantsoa; Hunald, Francis Allen; Samison, Luc Hervé; Ravalisoa, Agnès Marie Lydia; Rakotovao, Danitrala Jean Louis

    2013-01-01

    La prise en charge d’un aspergillome pulmonaire, dans le cas des lésions limitées accessibles, est une des activités courantes en chirurgie thoracique dans les pays endémique à la tuberculose comme Madagascar. Sur une période allant de janvier 2005 en mars 2010, 15 patients, ancien tuberculeux, atteints d’une aspergillome pulmonaire sont traités par une résection segmentaire ou une lobectomie. La circonstance de découverte repose sur la clinique par des tableaux très polymorphes. L’imagerie garde une place importante. L’examen histologique des pièces d’exérèse chirurgicale confirme le diagnostic. Tous les patients ont été opérés de manière élective. Le résultat a été pour l’ensemble des patients jugés satisfaisant. Ces patients sont suivis pendant 1 à 39 mois. L’étude des résultats à distance est encore en cours et est fondamentale si le traitement chirurgical a un effet bénéfique sur la survie et la qualité de vie des malades. Le but de ce travail a été, à partir de la revue de la littérature et de notre petite expérience, de définir quels éléments pertinents mis en exergue sur le sujet. PMID:23646219

  2. L'ostéogenèse imparfaite: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Hsayaoui, Najeh; Mbarki, Chaouki; Melliti, Saoussen; El Cadhi, Youssef; Douik, Fatma; Mezghanni, Sana; Oueslati, Hedhili

    2015-01-01

    L'ostéogenèse imparfaite est une maladie héréditaire caractérisée par une fragilité osseuse secondaire à un défaut de synthèse du collagène de type I. Le diagnostic est suspecté devant des signes échographiques évocateurs et confirmé par une étude génétique. Nous rapportons un cas d'ostéogenèse imparfaite de découverte tardive au troisième trimestre chez une patiente qui n'a pas suivi sa grossesse. PMID:26491526

  3. Un kyste hydatique osseux: une localisation rare au niveau de l’os iliaque

    PubMed Central

    Nhamoucha, Yassine; Alaoui, Othmane; Doumbia, Aliou; Oukhoya, Mohammed; Abdellaoui, Hicham; Tazi, Mohammed; Chater, Lamyae; Atarraf, Karima; Arroud, Mounir; Afifi, Abderahman

    2016-01-01

    L'hydatidose est une affection parasitaire liée au développement chez l'homme de la forme larvaire d'un cestode, à savoir un tænia de très petite taille dénommé Echinococcus Granulosus. Cette anthropozoonose présente une diversité de formes anatomoradiologiques lié aux nombreux aspects topographiques et évolutifs des kystes. L'hydatidose osseuse est rare, elle ne représente que 0,9 à 2,5% de l'ensemble des localisations. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un enfant de 9 ans, qui a été admis chez nous pour une boiterie fébrile avec une masse au niveau de la fosse iliaque droite, révélant un kyste hydatique au dépend de l'os iliaque. Le bilan lésionnel avait objectivé un kyste hydatique de l'os iliaque avec extension aux parties molles adjacentes. Le traitement chirurgical conclu a un kyste surinfecté d'ou la réalisation d'une exérèse chirurgicale du kyste avec drainage. L'ostéopathie hydatique est infiltrante, diffuse, lente et progressive, ce qui rend le diagnostic tardif et qui compromet la qualité du traitement. PMID:27800081

  4. La fasciite nécrosante post opératoire: une complication rare et mortelle

    PubMed Central

    Ghezala, Hassen Ben; Feriani, Najla

    2016-01-01

    Les complications pariétales post opératoire peuvent être exceptionnellement majeures et graves menaçant le pronostic vital. La fasciite nécrosante est une infection rare de la peau et des tissus sous-cutanés profonds, se propageant le long des fascias et du tissu adipeux. Elle est surtout causée par le streptocoque du groupe A Streptococcus pyogènes mais également par d'autres bactéries telles que Vibrio vulnificus, clostridium perfringens ou Bacteroides fragilis. La fasciite nécrosante est une véritable urgence médicochirurgicale. Nous rapportons dans ce travail une observation très rare d'une gangrène pariétale abdominale survenant chez une patiente de 75 ans au cinquième jour post-opératoire d'un kyste de l'ovaire. L’évolution était marquée par l'installation d'un état de choc septique réfractaire rapidement fatal à J3 de la prise en charge. PMID:27279950

  5. Altruism and fairness: Unnatural selection?

    PubMed

    Cela-Conde, Camilo J; Burges, Lucrecia; Nadal, Marcos; Olivera, Antonio

    2010-02-01

    Darwin admitted that the evolution of moral phenomena such as altruism and fairness, which are usually in opposition to the maximization of individual reproductive success, was not easily accounted for by natural selection. Later, authors have proposed additional mechanisms, including kin selection, inclusive fitness, and reciprocal altruism. In the present work, we explore the extent to which sexual selection has played a role in the appearance of human moral traits. It has been suggested that because certain moral virtues, including altruism and kindness, are sexually attractive, their evolution could have been shaped by the process of sexual selection. Our review suggests that although it is possible that sexual selection played such a role, it is difficult to determine the extent of its relevance, the specific form of this influence, and its interplay with other evolutionary mechanisms.

  6. Science Fairs for Science Literacy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mackey, K. R.

    2014-12-01

    Science literacy is imperative for well informed civic and personal decision making, yet only a quarter of American adults are proficient enough in science to understand science stories reported in the popular press. Hands-on research increases confidence in and understanding of science. When guiding students in designing and conducting science fair projects, mentors can foster science literacy by helping students focus on three goals: (1) articulating hypotheses or questions, (2) designing feasible projects, and (3) learning to make and interpret graphs. These objectives introduce students to the methodological nature of scientific research and give them the tools to interpret scientific facts and data in order to make informed decisions for themselves and society.

  7. The PANDA experiment at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Destefanis, M.

    2013-12-01

    The PANDA (antiProton ANnihilation at DArmstadt) experiment is one of the major projects in preparation at the upcoming FAIR facility in Darmstadt, Germany. It will study interactions between antiprotons and protons or nuclei in the momentum range from 1.5 GeV/c to 15 GeV/c. The PANDA scientific program will address a wide range of topics, all aiming at improving our understanding of the strong interaction and hadron structure. The PANDA detector is a general-purpose spectrometer that will collect high quality and high statistics data in the fields of meson spectroscopy, baryon-antibaryon production, baryon spectroscopy, hypernuclear physics, hadron properties in the nuclear medium, and nucleon structure. This paper reviews some of the main physics topics of the experiment, together with a presentation of the detector.

  8. Nuclear isoscaling and fair sampling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez, Jorge

    2008-10-01

    The isoscaling phenomenon was first observed in nuclear multifragmentation experiments and has become a hot topic as it could provide a probe of the nuclear equation of state to understand nuclear matter at extreme condition of isospin such as in neutron stars. The present work studies isoscaling using 1) classical molecular dynamics simulations, 2) percolation and 3) probabilistic arguments, and determines that isoscaling is a general phenomenon that can exist independent of the nuclear reaction, and it is expected to occur in disassemblying systems with no more than fair sampling. In collaboration with Alan Davila, University of Texas at Austin; Claudio Dorso, Universidad de Buenos Aires; Carlos Hernandez, Universidad de Colima; Christian Escudero, University of Texas at El Paso; and Jorge Muñoz, CalTech.

  9. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Definitions § 51.772 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does...

  10. Fairness and the development of inequality acceptance.

    PubMed

    Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W; Sørensen, Erik Ø; Tungodden, Bertil

    2010-05-28

    Fairness considerations fundamentally affect human behavior, but our understanding of the nature and development of people's fairness preferences is limited. The dictator game has been the standard experimental design for studying fairness preferences, but it only captures a situation where there is broad agreement that fairness requires equality. In real life, people often disagree on what is fair because they disagree on whether individual achievements, luck, and efficiency considerations of what maximizes total benefits can justify inequalities. We modified the dictator game to capture these features and studied how inequality acceptance develops in adolescence. We found that as children enter adolescence, they increasingly view inequalities reflecting differences in individual achievements, but not luck, as fair, whereas efficiency considerations mainly play a role in late adolescence. PMID:20508132

  11. Localisation humérale d'une tumeur à cellules géantes récidivantes (à propos d'un cas)

    PubMed Central

    Nader, Youssef; Serghini, Issam; Koulali, Idrissi Khalid; Salahi, Hicham; Galwia, Farid

    2015-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de localisation rare d'une tumeur à cellules géantes au niveau de la palette humérale du coude droit chez un militaire de 36 ans de sexe masculin, la radio standard montrait une image kystique ne soufflant pas la corticale. L'examen anatomo-pathologique a permis d’ établir le diagnostic et le traitement a fait appel: au début a une Exérèse chirurgicale totale et une greffe osseuse par un greffon iliaque de la totalité de la palette huméral qui s'est compliquée à 6 mois de recule d une récidive locale. PMID:25995809

  12. Polyradiculonévrite inflammatoire démyélinisante chronique révélant une thrombocytémie essentielle

    PubMed Central

    Jaafoura, Neirouz Ghannouchi; Atig, Amira; Bouker, Ahmed; Alaoua, Omar; Khalifa, Mabrouk; Bahri, Fathi

    2014-01-01

    La polyradiculonévrite inflammatoire démyélinisante chronique est une affection rare qui se caractérise par une neuropathie sensitivo-motrice démyélinisante, segmentaire et multifocale de mécanisme probablement dys-immunitaire et répondant à un traitement immunomodulateur. Une étiologie sous jacente est retrouvée dans près de 40% des cas et peut être infectieuse, auto-immune ou tumorales que ce soit les néoplasies solides ou les hémopathies notamment les gammapathies monoclonales. Nous rapportons une association exceptionnelle de polyradiculonévrite inflammatoire démyélinisante chronique qui révèle une thrombocytémie essentielle. PMID:25722774

  13. Éléphantiasis pénoscrotal idiopathique : une nouvelle observation et revue de la littérature

    PubMed Central

    Dekou, Angoran; Konan, Paul-Gérard; Yao, Blaise; Vodi, Clément; Fofana, Abroulaye; Manzan, Konan

    2013-01-01

    Résumé Nous rapportons un nouveau cas d’éléphantiasis pénoscrotal idiopathique chez un adulte de 31 ans. La masse scrotale atteignait les genoux, avec lésions de grattage traitées et guéries à l’éosine aqueuse associée à une antibiothérapie par voie parentérale. Une exérèse de la masse scrotale a été effectuée, suivie d’une plastie de peau scrotale postérosupérieure associée à une circoncision partielle. Le résultat esthétique et fonctionnel à long terme fut excellent, avec une peau pénienne assouplie et élastique. PMID:23401736

  14. Schwannome benin primitif retrovesical: une tumeur très rare à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Beddouche, Ali; Fahsi, Othemane; Kallat, Adil; El Bote, Hicham; Ziani, Idriss; El Sayegh, Hachem; Iken, Ali; Benslimane, Lounis; Nouini, Yassine

    2016-01-01

    Le schwannome est une tumeur le plus souvent bénigne, d'origine nerveuse se développant à partir des cellules de la gaine de Schwann. C'est une tumeur très rare tant par sa fréquence que par sa localisation rétrovésicale. L'examen anatomopathologique et immunohistochimique confirme le type histologique ainsi que le caractère bénin ou malin du schwannome. En raison des récidives, et du risque de transformation maligne, l'exérèse doit être complète. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient âgé de 39 ans, admis pour une douleur pelvienne chronique à type de pesanteur, des signes irritatifs du bas appareil urinaire, et des troubles de transit. L'imagerie (échographie, TDM, IRM) a révélé la présence d'une masse pelvienne rétrovésicale, à paroi fine, latéralisée à gauche, mesurant 68x70x70 mm, exerçant un effet de masse sur la vessie et le sigmoïde. L'intervention chirurgicale menée par une laparotomie médiane a permis l'exérèse d'une masse retrovésicale bien encapsulée. L'examen anatomopathologique et immunohistochimique ont conclu à un schwannome bénin. La récidive et la transformation maligne bien que rare après chirurgie impose une surveillance post opératoire clinique et tomodensitométrique annuelle. PMID:27217902

  15. 19 CFR 147.44 - Entry for another fair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Entry for another fair. 147.44 Section 147.44... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Disposition of Articles Entered for Fairs § 147.44 Entry for another fair. Articles entered for a fair which are to be entered for another fair under the provisions of this...

  16. 19 CFR 147.44 - Entry for another fair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Entry for another fair. 147.44 Section 147.44... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Disposition of Articles Entered for Fairs § 147.44 Entry for another fair. Articles entered for a fair which are to be entered for another fair under the provisions of this...

  17. 19 CFR 147.44 - Entry for another fair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Entry for another fair. 147.44 Section 147.44... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Disposition of Articles Entered for Fairs § 147.44 Entry for another fair. Articles entered for a fair which are to be entered for another fair under the provisions of this...

  18. 19 CFR 147.44 - Entry for another fair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Entry for another fair. 147.44 Section 147.44... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Disposition of Articles Entered for Fairs § 147.44 Entry for another fair. Articles entered for a fair which are to be entered for another fair under the provisions of this...

  19. 19 CFR 147.44 - Entry for another fair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Entry for another fair. 147.44 Section 147.44... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Disposition of Articles Entered for Fairs § 147.44 Entry for another fair. Articles entered for a fair which are to be entered for another fair under the provisions of this...

  20. Astrobiology Student Science Fair Projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadooka, M.; Meech, K. J.

    2004-11-01

    Extrasolar Planet Transit and The Light Curve of a Variable Star are some titles of high school student projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. These students were mentored by teachers who participated in the UH Institute for Astronomy Toward Other Planetary Systems summer program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech. After attending several 3-week TOPS NSF workshops from 1999, these teachers in 2003 were trained to do observing plans to obtain telescope images, use image processing software MIRA for photometry, and produce light curves of variable stars and extrasolar planet transits. Others used the software Astrometrica to do astrometry of Kuiper Belt Objects. Using Compaq laptop computers on long term loan, our teachers mentored their students for astronomy projects during the 2003-2004 school year with the assistance of IfA astronomers and graduate students. Observing plans for images from the 31 inch Lowell Telescope in Arizona and the 2.2 meter UH telescope at Mauna Kea Observatory were followed. Students had to learn about variables such as exposure time, magnitude, frequency requirements, and ephemeris. The many iterations were time consuming and demanded patience and perseverance. Poor weather conditions exposed the students to the realities of astronomy research, so they experienced the highs of successful projects. Future projects will be related to the UH NAI team research using the 2.0 meter Faulkes Telescope located on Haleakala on island of Maui. The TOPS program is funded by National Science Foundation.

  1. Theory of Mind Enhances Preference for Fairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takagishi, Haruto; Kameshima, Shinya; Schug, Joanna; Koizumi, Michiko; Yamagishi, Toshio

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of theory of mind in fairness-related behavior in preschoolers and to introduce a tool for examining fairness-related behavior in children. A total of 68 preschoolers played the Ultimatum Game in a face-to-face setting. Acquisition of theory of mind was defined as the understanding of false…

  2. Fair Shares, Matey, or Walk the Plank

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, P. Holt; Myers, Marrielle; Edgington, Cyndi; Confrey, Jere

    2012-01-01

    Whether sharing a collection of toys among friends or a pie for dessert, children as young as kindergarten age are keen on making sure that everyone gets their "fair share." In the classroom, fair-sharing activities call for creating equal-size groups from a collection of objects or creating equal-size parts of a whole and are generally used by…

  3. Making sense of fairness in sports.

    PubMed

    Murray, Thomas H

    2010-01-01

    Cheating evolves constantly. Dozens of athletes were barred from the Winter Olympics for taking banned substances. Gene doping is on the horizon. Questions have arisen about which athletes count as "female." What does it take to keep sports fair? And what does fairness require? PMID:20394123

  4. Helicopter hub fairing and pylon interference drag

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graham, D. R.; Sung, D. Y.; Young, L. A.; Louie, A. W.; Stroub, R. H.

    1989-01-01

    A wind tunnel test was conducted to study the aerodynamics of helicopter hub and pylon fairings. The test was conducted in the 7-by 10 Foot Subsonic Wind Tunnel (Number 2) at Ames Research Center using a 1/5-scale XH-59A fuselage model. The primary focus of the test was on the rotor hub fairing and pylon mutual interference drag. Parametric studies of pylon and hub fairing geometry were also conducted. This report presents the major findings of the test as well as tabulated force and moment data, flow visualization photographs, and graphical presentations of the drag data. The test results indicate that substantial drag reduction can be attained through the use of a cambered hub fairing with circular arc upper surface and flat lower surface. Furthermore, a considerable portion of the overall drag reduction is attributed to the reduction in the hub-on-pylon interference drag. It is also observed that the lower surface curvature of the fairing has a strong influence on the hub fairing and on pylon interference drag. However, the drag reduction benefit that was obtained by using the cambered hub fairing with a flat lower surface was adversely affected by the clearance between the hub fairing and the pylon.

  5. A Standards-Based Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rillero, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In standards-based science fairs, children learn more about what they are interested in. They deepen understandings of how science works and improve inquiry skills--including the ability to communicate and share research results. Parents learn more about science inquiry and their child's science abilities. The standards-based science fair builds…

  6. Science Fairs in Elementary School. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balas, Andrea K.

    This digest presents a summary discussion of the value of holding science fairs in the elementary school context. Reasons for conducting science fairs for elementary students are discussed in terms of several learning theories. Developmentally appropriate types of elementary science projects are suggested. Goals for elementary school science fairs…

  7. What Do We Mean by FAIR?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Liz

    2011-01-01

    "Fair" is a word people are hearing a lot at the moment if they listen to political discussion. There is much debate about how it means different things to politicians of different hues and can be used to justify seemly contradictory courses of action. In science, "fair" is also a word that is used by children and teachers in different ways.…

  8. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... clean. Fairly clean means that at least 90 percent of the potatoes in any lot are reasonably free...

  9. 7 CFR 51.1553 - Fairly clean.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly clean. 51.1553 Section 51.1553 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... clean. Fairly clean means that at least 90 percent of the potatoes in any lot are reasonably free...

  10. Science Fair Project Index 1981-1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Cynthia, Ed.; Crowe, Deborah, Ed.

    This second supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1981 through 1984. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

  11. Science Fair Scene: Turning Ideas into Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McQueen, David R.

    1991-01-01

    Outlines the steps necessary to conduct a science fair project and examines two specific examples of how a basic idea for a science fair topic can be followed to its completion. Provides examples of day-to-day operational science in a basic botany project and a lunar geography project. (JJK)

  12. Science Fair Project Index 1973-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akron - Summit County Public Library, OH.

    This supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1973 through 1980. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

  13. Making sense of fairness in sports.

    PubMed

    Murray, Thomas H

    2010-01-01

    Cheating evolves constantly. Dozens of athletes were barred from the Winter Olympics for taking banned substances. Gene doping is on the horizon. Questions have arisen about which athletes count as "female." What does it take to keep sports fair? And what does fairness require?

  14. 7 CFR 51.1910 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1910 Section 51.1910 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato is not conspicuously ridged or rough....

  15. 7 CFR 51.1910 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1910 Section 51.1910 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato is not conspicuously ridged or rough....

  16. 78 FR 43709 - Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ...Through this rule, HUD proposes to provide HUD program participants with more effective means to affirmatively further the purposes and policies of the Fair Housing Act, which is Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968. The Fair Housing Act not only prohibits discrimination but, in conjunction with other statutes, directs HUD's program participants to take steps proactively to overcome......

  17. How To Host a Library Technology Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaudin, Charles

    2000-01-01

    Describes how the Northwestern State University library organized a successful technology fair that focused on the library and campus technology. Discusses reasons for organizing the fair, including the introduction of new workstations; academic department participation; vendor participation; marketing strategies and communication; and student…

  18. The Entrepreneur Fair: Fifth Grade Student Businesses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary…

  19. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair treatment. 735.111 Section 735.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair...

  20. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair treatment. 735.111 Section 735.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair...

  1. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fair treatment. 735.111 Section 735.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair...

  2. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair treatment. 735.111 Section 735.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair...

  3. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair treatment. 735.111 Section 735.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair...

  4. The Education Fair: From Concept to Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

    Representatives of 13 states and of the United States Office of Education developed this handbook to assist educators in the administration of Education Fairs. Such fairs are a valuable means for providing for the diffusion of educational innovations and should be designed to demonstrate the effectiveness of new and exemplary practices. Chapter I…

  5. 7 CFR 273.15 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... or replace the fair hearing process. The agency conferences may be attended by the eligibility worker... resolution of the dispute. However, a fair hearing must still be held unless the household makes a written... the hearing process. Households shall be advised of any legal services available that can...

  6. 7 CFR 273.15 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... or replace the fair hearing process. The agency conferences may be attended by the eligibility worker... resolution of the dispute. However, a fair hearing must still be held unless the household makes a written... the hearing process. Households shall be advised of any legal services available that can...

  7. 7 CFR 273.15 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... or replace the fair hearing process. The agency conferences may be attended by the eligibility worker... resolution of the dispute. However, a fair hearing must still be held unless the household makes a written... the hearing process. Households shall be advised of any legal services available that can...

  8. 7 CFR 273.15 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... or replace the fair hearing process. The agency conferences may be attended by the eligibility worker... resolution of the dispute. However, a fair hearing must still be held unless the household makes a written... the hearing process. Households shall be advised of any legal services available that can...

  9. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... hearing? A fair hearing is a process that allows a CSFP applicant or participant to appeal an adverse... agencies must ensure that CSFP applicants and participants understand their right to appeal an adverse action through the fair hearing process, which includes providing written notification of the...

  10. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... hearing? A fair hearing is a process that allows a CSFP applicant or participant to appeal an adverse... agencies must ensure that CSFP applicants and participants understand their right to appeal an adverse action through the fair hearing process, which includes providing written notification of the...

  11. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... hearing? A fair hearing is a process that allows a CSFP applicant or participant to appeal an adverse... agencies must ensure that CSFP applicants and participants understand their right to appeal an adverse action through the fair hearing process, which includes providing written notification of the...

  12. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... hearing? A fair hearing is a process that allows a CSFP applicant or participant to appeal an adverse... agencies must ensure that CSFP applicants and participants understand their right to appeal an adverse action through the fair hearing process, which includes providing written notification of the...

  13. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... hearing? A fair hearing is a process that allows a CSFP applicant or participant to appeal an adverse... agencies must ensure that CSFP applicants and participants understand their right to appeal an adverse action through the fair hearing process, which includes providing written notification of the...

  14. Experiencing Fairness at School: An International Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This paper uses survey responses from around 13,000 grade 9 pupils in French-speaking Belgium, the Czech Republic, England, France and Italy to examine their experiences of fairness in schools. Can differences between countries, types of schools or interactions with teachers, influence what pupils regard as fair, either at school or more widely?…

  15. NEW IDEAS FOR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECTS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FARMER, ROBERT A.; SAWYER, ROGER WILLIAMS

    THIS GUIDE FOR THE SCIENCE FAIR PARTICIPANTS BEGINS WITH A CHAPTER ON THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND THE SCIENCE FAIR, AND CONTINUES THROUGH THE FIVE CHAPTERS OF PART ONE, PLANNING AND EXECUTING YOUR PROJECT, TO EXPLAIN THE DETAILS INVOLVED IN SELECTING, DEVELOPING, AND EXHIBITING A PROJECT. PART II OF THE VOLUME CONSIDERS THE STRUCTURE OF SCIENCE…

  16. 78 FR 30384 - Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing; Region X Regulatory Fairness Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-22

    ... ADMINISTRATION Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing; Region X Regulatory Fairness Board AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). ACTION: Notice of open meeting of the Regional (Region X) Small... requested. Anyone wishing to attend and/or make a presentation to the Region X Regulatory Fairness...

  17. Une cytolyse hépatique révélant un ganglioneurome surrénalien

    PubMed Central

    Baïzri, Hicham; Zoubeir, Youssef; Elhadri, Sanae; Elanzaoui, Jihad; Chahbi, Zakaria; Kaddouri, Said; Qacif, Hassan; Touiti, Driss; Zyani, Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Le ganglioneurome est une tumeur nerveuse bénigne rare, d'origine neuroectodermique et de localisation rétropéritonéale fréquente. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient de 55 ans dont la tumeur est révélée fortuitement sur une échographie abdominale demandée dans le cadre d'une cytolyse hépatique secondaire à une hépatite virale C. Le patient est opéré après la réalisation d'un scanner abdominal et d'un bilan hormonal. L'examen anatomopathologique de la pièce opératoire est en faveur d'un ganglioneurome. Devant une volumineuse masse rétropéritonéale avec état général conservé, on doit envisager le diagnostic de ganglioneurome car l'exérèse chirurgicale complète permet une guérison sans récidive. Préalablement, l'ensemble des autres diagnostics différentiels doit être éliminé. PMID:25170368

  18. Epiplooplastie médiastinale dans le traitement d'une médiastinite post chirurgie cardiaque: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Labsaili, Hicham; Borik, Waseem; Demondion, Pierre; Leprince, Pascal

    2014-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient diabétique et obèse, opéré d'une chirurgie de revascularisation myocardique avec l'utilisation des deux artères mammaires internes comme greffon. L'intervention s'est compliquée d'une médiastinite traitée premièrement à thorax fermé et secondairement par une épiplooplastie. Cette technique reste efficace dans les médiastinites graves et délabrantes. Tout chirurgien cardiaque et digestif doit la connaitre. PMID:25883735

  19. Fair share on high performance computing systems : what does fair really mean?

    SciTech Connect

    Clearwater, Scott Harvey; Kleban, Stephen David

    2003-03-01

    We report on a performance evaluation of a Fair Share system at the ASCI Blue Mountain supercomputer cluster. We study the impacts of share allocation under Fair Share on wait times and expansion factor. We also measure the Service Ratio, a typical figure of merit for Fair Share systems, with respect to a number of job parameters. We conclude that Fair Share does little to alter important performance metrics such as expansion factor. This leads to the question of what Fair Share means on cluster machines. The essential difference between Fair Share on a uni-processor and a cluster is that the workload on a cluster is not fungible in space or time. We find that cluster machines must be highly utilized and support checkpointing in order for Fair Share to function more closely to the spirit in which it was originally developed.

  20. La duplication rectale de l'adulte: une cause exceptionnelle de masse pelvienne

    PubMed Central

    El Fahssi, Mohammed; Baba, Hicham; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    La duplication rectale est une anomalie constitutionnelle rare du tube digestif, elle représente 5% des duplications digestives son diagnostic se fait habituellement au tour de la période néonatale ou pendant les premières années de vie et ce n'est qu'exceptionnellement que son diagnostic reste méconnu jusqu’à l’âge adulte. Nous rapportant le cas d'une duplication rectale chez une femme de 41 ans se plaignant de douleurs pelviennes, l'examen clinique suivi des examens complémentaires ont suspecté le diagnostic la patiente est opérée par un abord antérieur isolé, permettant l'exérèse de la totalité de la masse kystique dont examen anatomo-pathologique confirme le diagnostic de duplication rectale kystique postérieure non communicante. L’évolution postopératoire est satisfaisante sans morbidité sur un recul de 20 mois. PMID:26985264

  1. Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference.

    PubMed

    Li, Jing; Wang, Wen; Yu, Jing; Zhu, Liqi

    2016-01-01

    Fairness is one of the most important foundations of morality and may have played a key role in the evolution of cooperation in humans beings. As an important type of fairness concern, inequity aversion is the preference for fairness and the resistance to inequitable outcomes. To examine the early development of fairness preference in young children, sixty 2- and 3-year-old children were recruited to examine young children's preferences for fairness using a forced choice paradigm. We tested how toddlers acted when they took charge of distributing resources (two candies) to themselves and others and when they were the recipients of both other-advantageous distribution and self-advantageous distribution. Different alternative options were paired with the same fair option in the two conditions. In the other-advantageous condition, children had fewer resources in the alternative options than others, whereas their resources in the alternative options were greater than others' in the self-advantageous condition. The results showed that more children displayed fairness preferences when they distributed resources between two friends than when they distributed resources between a friend and themselves. In both scenarios, 3-year-old children were more likely to demonstrate fairness preference than 2-year-old children. The findings suggest that inequity aversion develops in young children and increases with age over the course of early childhood. When they were recipients, there was a trend in young children's preference for fairness in the other-advantageous condition compared with the self-advantageous condition. This suggests that children might tend to be more likely to display inequity aversion when they are in a disadvantageous position. PMID:27625616

  2. Teaching Fair Use with Astronomy Imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Plagiarism among students is most common because of a misunderstanding of copyright and fair use. Images and text are frequently used without proper credit to the original author, and works are frequently acknowledged improperly. For example, space imagery is often used in posters, presentations, on the web, on Facebook, and even in the classrooms, but often are not properly cited. A lesson plan on fair use is presented, outlining what constitutes fair use and how to properly acknowledge the work done by artists and authors everywhere, with examples drawn from the Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD).

  3. 24 CFR 125.501 - Fair Housing Organizations Initiative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fair Housing Organizations... FAIR HOUSING FAIR HOUSING INITIATIVES PROGRAM § 125.501 Fair Housing Organizations Initiative. (a) The Fair Housing Organizations Initiative of the FHIP provides funding to develop or expand the ability...

  4. 24 CFR 125.501 - Fair Housing Organizations Initiative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair Housing Organizations... FAIR HOUSING FAIR HOUSING INITIATIVES PROGRAM § 125.501 Fair Housing Organizations Initiative. (a) The Fair Housing Organizations Initiative of the FHIP provides funding to develop or expand the ability...

  5. Méningite récurrente révélant une maladie de Behçet: à propos de deux cas

    PubMed Central

    Lamzaf, Laila; Harmouche, Hicham; Alaoui-Bennesser, Habiba; Mezalek, Zoubida Tazi; Adnaoui, Mohamed; Aouni, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Les étiologies des méningites sont surtout infectieuses. Les causes non infectieuses, sont souvent de diagnostic difficile et incertain, tel est le cas de la maladie de Behçet. Nous rapportons deux observations de patients ayant présenté des épisodes récurrents de méningite. Dans un premier temps, la suspicion d'une étiologie infectieuse a conduit à introduire un traitement anti-infectieux probabiliste. La découverte à posteriori d'une aphtose bipolaire a permis de poser le diagnostic de maladie de Behçet. Une corticothérapie s'est révélée efficace. La maladie de Behçet doit toujours faire partie des diagnostics différentiels des méningites récurrentes. PMID:25584126

  6. Knoxville World's Fair OSS-1 display

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    Knoxville World's Fair OSS-1 display. Photo is of an upright exhibit giving an explanation of each experiment in the OSS-1 pallet and a line drawing showing either the experiment or its location in the shuttle payload bay.

  7. Science Fairs: A Primer for Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamrick, Linda; Harty, Harold

    1983-01-01

    Guidelines for parents whose children may be involved in preparing a science fair project are outlined and discussed. Suggests that this article (or a teacher prepared letter) be sent home with students when they are assigned a science project. (JN)

  8. The evolution of fairness through spite

    PubMed Central

    Forber, Patrick; Smead, Rory

    2014-01-01

    The presence of apparently irrational fair play in the ultimatum game remains a focal point for studies in the evolution of social behaviour. We investigate the role of negative assortment in the evolution of fair play in the ultimatum game. Spite—social behaviour that inflicts harm with no direct benefit to the actor—can evolve when it is disproportionally directed at individuals playing different strategies. The introduction of negative assortment alters the dynamics in a way that increases the chance fairness evolves, but at a cost: spite also evolves. Fairness is usually linked to cooperation and prosocial behaviour, but this study shows that it may have evolutionary links to harmful antisocial behaviour. PMID:24523265

  9. The evolution of fairness through spite.

    PubMed

    Forber, Patrick; Smead, Rory

    2014-04-01

    The presence of apparently irrational fair play in the ultimatum game remains a focal point for studies in the evolution of social behaviour. We investigate the role of negative assortment in the evolution of fair play in the ultimatum game. Spite-social behaviour that inflicts harm with no direct benefit to the actor-can evolve when it is disproportionally directed at individuals playing different strategies. The introduction of negative assortment alters the dynamics in a way that increases the chance fairness evolves, but at a cost: spite also evolves. Fairness is usually linked to cooperation and prosocial behaviour, but this study shows that it may have evolutionary links to harmful antisocial behaviour.

  10. 24 CFR 200.929a - Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... with the Fair Housing Act. The Guidelines may be found in the 24 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A, Appendix... Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. Builders and developers may use the Department's Fair...

  11. 24 CFR 200.929a - Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... with the Fair Housing Act. The Guidelines may be found in the 24 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A, Appendix... Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. Builders and developers may use the Department's Fair...

  12. 24 CFR 200.929a - Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... with the Fair Housing Act. The Guidelines may be found in the 24 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A, Appendix... Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. Builders and developers may use the Department's Fair...

  13. 24 CFR 200.929a - Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... with the Fair Housing Act. The Guidelines may be found in the 24 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A, Appendix... Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. Builders and developers may use the Department's Fair...

  14. 24 CFR 200.929a - Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... with the Fair Housing Act. The Guidelines may be found in the 24 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A, Appendix... Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. Builders and developers may use the Department's Fair...

  15. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....1555 Fairly well matured. Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the...

  16. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ....1555 Fairly well matured. Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the...

  17. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does not average more than 1/2 inch...

  18. Une recension des écrits concernant la réalité psychoaffective des femmes ayant une vulvodynie : Difficultés rencontrées et stratégies développées

    PubMed Central

    Cantin-Drouin, Maude; Damant, Dominique; Turcotte, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    HISTORIQUE : Au cours des trois dernières décennies, une attention grandissante a été portée à l’étude du syndrome de vulvodynie, soit un inconfort vulvaire chronique inexpliqué, éprouvé en l’absence de pathologie précisée. En plus d’avoir des répercussions physiques, l’expérience de la vulvodynie comporte une dimension psychosociale. OBJECTIF : Cet article vise à faire une recension des écrits sur la réalité psychoaffective des femmes qui éprouvent une vulvodynie. MÉTHODE : Une recherche documentaire basée sur une exploration systématique de textes présentant des résultats de recherche et recensés dans les principales banques de données en sciences sociales, dont Dissertation Abstracts, Current Contents et PsycINFO, a été réalisée. RÉSULTATS : Cette recension des écrits révèle, malgré la présence de certains résultats divergents, que les femmes ayant une vulvodynie affrontent souvent des difficultés identitaires et psychologiques, qui sont influencées notamment par les normes sociales de sexualité et de féminité. Pour composer avec ces difficultés, les femmes développent différentes stratégies visant à diminuer le stress occasionné par la douleur et à améliorer leur bien-être psychologique. CONCLUSION : Les difficultés relationnelles et psychologiques vécues par les femmes ayant une vulvodynie ne découlent pas seulement de la douleur physique, mais aussi du sens qu’elles lui accordent, souvent influencé par les discours sociaux sur l’hétérosexualité et la féminité. Il importe donc d’intervenir auprès des femmes en tenant compte de l’influence du contexte social tout en poursuivant le développement des connaissances sur les aspects psychosociaux de cette expérience. PMID:18592063

  19. Une cause rare de dysurie chez la femme : le léiomyome de l’urètre et du col vésical

    PubMed Central

    Benazzouz, Mohamed Hicham; Laadam, Karima; Essatara, Younes; Sayegh, Hachem El; Iken, Ali; Benslimane, Lounis; Jahid, Ahmed; Nouini, Yassine

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Le léiomyome de l’urètre est une tumeur bénigne rare constituée de tissus musculaires lisses. Cette tumeur se traduit par une variété de signes cliniques ; le recours à l’histologie est donc nécessaire pour poser le diagnostic. Le traitement de choix est l’exérèse chirurgicale. Aucun cas de dégénérescence maligne n’a été signalé jusqu’à présent, mais une récidive locale est possible en cas d’exérèse incomplète. Les auteurs font état d’un nouveau cas de léiomyome intéressant à la fois le col vésical et l’urètre, et se traduisant par la dysurie chez une patiente ; ils proposent également une revue de la littérature concernant cette pathologie. PMID:25553165

  20. Une maladie immunoproliférative de l'intestin grêle révélée par une invagination intestinale aigue: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Bennani, Amal; Znati, Kaoutar; Rezzouk, Salima; Bouhadouti, Hicham; Maazaz, Khalid; Amarti, Affaf

    2014-01-01

    La maladie immunoproliférative de l'intestin grêle IPSID est un lymphome rare qui se développé à partir du système lymphoïde associé aux muqueuses au niveau de l'intestin grêle. Sa révélation par une invagination intestinale aigue est exceptionnelle et n'a jamais été rapporté dans la littérature auparavant. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient de 65ans, admis aux urgences dans un tableau d'invagination intestinale aigue. Le scanner abdominal a mis en évidence masse grêlique à paroi concentrique avec incarcération du segment mésentérique au sein de la lésion fortement évocatrice d'une invagination intestinale. Le patient a été opéré et a bénéficié d'une résection iléale emportant le boudin d'invagination. L'examen histologique de la masse a été en faveur d'une maladie des chaines alpha transformée en un lymphome B diffus à grandes cellules. Les auteurs rapportent un cas rare d'une IPSID révélée par une invagination intestinale aigue et à travers cette observation, mettent en relief les principaux aspects cliniques, histologiques, thérapeutiques de cette entité avec une revue de la littérature. PMID:24932323

  1. Jumeaux conjoints au niveau d’une omphalocèle commune avec extrophie cloacale et ambigüité sexuelle

    PubMed Central

    Boujoual, Majdouline; Madani, Hamid; Benhaddou, Housain; Belahcen, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Les jumeaux conjoints sont considérés comme étant une complication rare et grave des grossesses monozygotes. Le diagnostic anténatal permet de définir avec précision les structures communes, de rechercher une anomalie congénitale associée, d'organiser l´accouchement et la prise en charge néonatale. Nous présentons un cas rare de jumeaux conjoints dont la fusion se situait au niveau d'une omphalocèle commune associée à une extrophie cloacale, ambiguïté sexuelle et pieds bots. Le diagnostic a été méconnu pendant la grossesse, ce qui a engendré une dystocie lors de l'accouchement. L'issue a été fatale malgré une tentative de séparation et des mesures de réanimation. Ce cas illustre la difficulté liée d'une part à la méconnaissance du diagnostic, d'autre part au caractère urgent de la césarienne et de la séparation chirurgicale. PMID:25170387

  2. Justice and organizational citizenship behavior intentions: fair rewards versus fair treatment.

    PubMed

    Williams, Steve; Pitre, Richard; Zainuba, Mohamed

    2002-02-01

    In a sample of 114 employees from various industries, organizations, and positions, the likelihood of organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) increased when employee perceptions of fair treatment by supervisors became more positive. Perceptions of fair rewards and fair formal procedures were not predictors of OCB intentions. After the authors controlled for established patterns of OCB and demographic characteristics, interactional justice perceptions were significantly related to the intention of performing specific organizationally beneficial activities.

  3. Forme pseudo tumorale d'une pneumopathie chronique à éosinophiles d’évolution fatale

    PubMed Central

    Hammoune, Nabil; El Guendouz, Faycal; Elhaddad, Siham; Janah, Hicham; Hommadi, Abdelaziz

    2015-01-01

    La pneumopathie chronique idiopathique à éosinophile est une pathologie rare, de cause inconnue, caractérisée par des opacités pulmonaires périphériques, une éosinophilie périphérique >1000/mm3 et /ou une éosinophilie alvéolaire >25%. Le diagnostic est difficile à cause de la non spécificité des signes cliniques et radiologiques. Le traitement se base essentiellement sur la corticothérapie. L’évolution est généralement favorable. Nous rapportons un cas de cette entité rare dans sa forme pseudotumorale sans hyperéosinophilie, de diagnostic tardif suite à l’étude histologique de la lobectomie chirurgicale et d’évolution fatale. PMID:26113897

  4. Fistule artério-urétérale après une pelvectomie antérieure : Complication rare et grave

    PubMed Central

    Zine el abidine, Mohamed Hosni; Hmida, Wissem; Slama, Adel; Hidoussi, Adnene; Jaidane, Mehdi; Ben Sorba, Nabil; Mosbah, Ali Fawzi

    2012-01-01

    Résumé La fistule artério-urétérale (FAU), qui survient immédiatement après une cystectomie, est une complication exceptionnelle et grave. De nos jours, seulement quelques cas sporadiques ont été signalés dans la littérature. Elle se manifeste presque exclusivement par une hématurie brutale, massive et intermittente pouvant être à l’origine d’une instabilité hémodynamique menaçant le pronostic vital du patient à court terme. Son diagnostic doit être fait sans retard. Les explorations radiologiques restent peu spécifiques et peu sensibles et se basent essentiellement sur l’artériographie. Le traitement est non codifié selon l’état général du patient et surtout de la nature de la fistule. Nous décrivons un cas de FAU faisant suite à une pelvectomie antérieure et nous discuterons à l’aide d’une revue de la littérature les aspects diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques de cette complication. PMID:23283100

  5. Software Development Infrastructure for the FAIR Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uhlig, F.; Al-Turany, M.; Bertini, D.; Karabowicz, R.

    2011-12-01

    The proposed project FAIR (Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research) is an international accelerator facility of the next generation. It builds on top of the experience and technological developments already made at the existing GSI facility, and incorporate new technological concepts. The four scientific pillars of FAIR are NUSTAR (nuclear structure and astrophysics), PANDA (QCD studies with cooled beams of anti-protons), CBM (physics of hadronic matter at highest baryon densities), and APPA (atomic physics, plasma physics, and applications). The FairRoot framework used by all of the big FAIR experiments as a base for their own specific developments, provides basic functionality like IO, geometry handling etc. The challenge is to support all the different experiments with their heterogeneous requirements. Due to the limited manpower, one of the first design decisions was to (re)use as much as possible already available and tested software and to focus on the development of the framework. Beside the framework itself, the FairRoot core team also provides some software development tools. We will describe the complete set of tools in this article. The Makefiles for all projects are generated using CMake. For software testing and the corresponding quality assurance, we use CTest to generate the results and CDash as web front end. The tools are completed by subversion as source code repository and trac as tool for the complete source code management. This set of tools allows us to offer the full functionality we have for FairRoot also to the experiments based on FairRoot.

  6. Un hémothorax gauche révélant une dissection de l`aorte: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Siddo, Mouhamadou Nazirou Doddo; Bodian, Malick; Diaby, Falikou; Pessinaba, Soulemane; Ndiaye, Mouhamadou Bamba; Diao, Maboury; Mbaye, Alassane; Sarr, Simon Antoine; Coly, Sarah Mouna; Kane, Adama; Sarr, Moustapha; Ba, Serigne Abdou

    2014-01-01

    Certaines dissections de l`aorte peuvent se compliquer d'hémothorax faisant, évoquer initialement, une pathologie pleuro-pulmomaire. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient âgé de 67 ans, hypertendu, atteint d`une dissection de l`aorte, présentant un tableau typique, clinique et radiologique d`un syndrome d`épanchement pleural gauche en dehors de tout contexte infectieux et traumatique. Le tableau d`un syndrome pleural gauche a conduit à la réalisation d`une ponction pleurale qui a ramené un liquide hémorragique. La tomodensitométrie thoracique a conclu à une dissection aortique type B de Stanford. La prise en charge chirurgicale est indiquée en cas de complication comme ce fut le cas de notre patient. PMID:25426193

  7. Léiomyosarcome gastrique simulant une tumeur du hile splénique: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Tarchouli, Mohamed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ratbi, Moulay Brahim; Belhamidi, Mohamed Said; Bensal, Abdelhak; Aitidir, Badr; Boudhas, Adil; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Depuis la découverte de leur phénotype particulier, les tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales représentent les tumeurs mésenchymateuses les plus fréquentes du tractus digestif et ne sont plus confondues avec les vrais léiomyosarcomes gastriques devenant ainsi exceptionnellement rencontrés dans la pratique médicale. Nous rapportons le cas d'une jeune femme de 32 ans admise pour une masse douloureuse de l'hypochondre gauche et chez qui le bilan radiologique objectivait une volumineuse tumeur occupant le hile splénique. Une résection monobloc emportant la masse, la rate, le grand épiploon et une collerette de la paroi gastrique a été effectuée et l'examen histologique a confirmé le diagnostic d'un léiomyosarcome gastrique. Il est extrêmement important de différencier les autres tumeurs mésenchymateuses du tractus digestif des léiomyosarcomes gastriques dont l'exérèse chirurgicale complète reste, jusqu’à présent, le seul traitement à visée curative. PMID:26526400

  8. Partner choice creates fairness in humans

    PubMed Central

    Debove, Stéphane; André, Jean-Baptiste; Baumard, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    Many studies demonstrate that partner choice has played an important role in the evolution of human cooperation, but little work has tested its impact on the evolution of human fairness. In experiments involving divisions of money, people become either over-generous or over-selfish when they are in competition to be chosen as cooperative partners. Hence, it is difficult to see how partner choice could result in the evolution of fair, equal divisions. Here, we show that this puzzle can be solved if we consider the outside options on which partner choice operates. We conduct a behavioural experiment, run agent-based simulations and analyse a game-theoretic model to understand how outside options affect partner choice and fairness. All support the conclusion that partner choice leads to fairness only when individuals have equal outside options. We discuss how this condition has been met in our evolutionary history, and the implications of these findings for our understanding of other aspects of fairness less specific than preferences for equal divisions of resources. PMID:25972467

  9. Trust, confidence, procedural fairness, outcome fairness, moral conviction, and the acceptance of GM field experiments.

    PubMed

    Siegrist, Michael; Connor, Melanie; Keller, Carmen

    2012-08-01

    In 2005, Swiss citizens endorsed a moratorium on gene technology, resulting in the prohibition of the commercial cultivation of genetically modified crops and the growth of genetically modified animals until 2013. However, scientific research was not affected by this moratorium, and in 2008, GMO field experiments were conducted that allowed us to examine the factors that influence their acceptance by the public. In this study, trust and confidence items were analyzed using principal component analysis. The analysis revealed the following three factors: "economy/health and environment" (value similarity based trust), "trust and honesty of industry and scientists" (value similarity based trust), and "competence" (confidence). The results of a regression analysis showed that all the three factors significantly influenced the acceptance of GM field experiments. Furthermore, risk communication scholars have suggested that fairness also plays an important role in the acceptance of environmental hazards. We, therefore, included measures for outcome fairness and procedural fairness in our model. However, the impact of fairness may be moderated by moral conviction. That is, fairness may be significant for people for whom GMO is not an important issue, but not for people for whom GMO is an important issue. The regression analysis showed that, in addition to the trust and confidence factors, moral conviction, outcome fairness, and procedural fairness were significant predictors. The results suggest that the influence of procedural fairness is even stronger for persons having high moral convictions compared with persons having low moral convictions. PMID:22150405

  10. Fairness: How to Achieve It and How to Optimize in a Fair-Division Procedure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Michael A.; Cohen, Stanley F.

    2004-01-01

    A simple and practical application of mathematics is for fairly resolving the dispute of division of items for which two parties have equal claim. Basic properties of fair division are explained, which would enable students to learn concepts on optimization without introducing calculus.

  11. Getting a Fair Share: Attitudes and Perceptions of Biobank Stakeholders Concerning the Fairness of Sample Sharing.

    PubMed

    Colledge, Flora; Elger, Bernice

    2015-07-01

    Biobanks are essential tools for furthering a broad range of medical research areas. However, despite the plethora of national and international laws and guidelines which apply to them, the access and sharing policies of biobanks are only sparsely addressed by regulatory bodies. The 'give and take' process of biosample sharing is largely left up to biobank stakeholders themselves to oversee; it is therefore both in stakeholders' power, and in their interest, to ensure that sample accessibility is fair. This is an important step in motivating researchers to collaborate and pool samples, and is crucial to fostering trust in the absence of universally accepted standard practices. To date, little attention has been paid to how fairness considerations affect scientific material sharing, and no empirical research has been carried out to determine the role that fairness plays in collaborative studies. In order to begin to gain understanding in this area, we interviewed 36 biobank stakeholders currently working in Switzerland, focusing on their perceptions of current and optimal fair sharing practices. Our findings reveal that fairness is an important feature of exchange situations for these stakeholders, and that they have well-formed notions about the practical elements of fair sample access, although ideas about the concept of fairness itself are vague. In order to support efforts to network biobanks, attention should be paid to this issue to reassure all involved that they are getting a fair share in their cooperative efforts.

  12. What's fair is fair--or is it? Value differences underlying public views about social justice.

    PubMed

    Rasinski, K A

    1987-07-01

    Individual differences in judgments of the fairness of various sociopolitical phenomena were examined in three surveys. Scales measuring two value dimensions thought to underlie the meaning of fairness were constructed, and survey respondents endorsing these different values were compared on their evaluation of the procedural and distributive fairness of political objects. Those endorsing the value of proportionality, hypothesized by equity theorists to underlie fairness judgments, judged equity-based public policies to be fairer than equality-based policies and judged that Ronald Reagan would be a fairer president than Walter Mondale. These people also emphasized the procedural aspects of government when judging government fairness. Respondents endorsing the value of egalitarianism, hypothesized by developmental theorists and some political philosophers to underlie fairness judgments, judged equality-based public policies to be fairer than equity-based policies and judged that Mondale would be a fairer president than Reagan. These people emphasized the distributive aspects of government when judging government fairness. Results support the naive moral philosopher image of the individual as judge of political objects (Tyler, 1984a). Political fairness judgments are ideological responses and are subject to the influence of the value structure of the judge (Tetlock, 1986).

  13. Science Fair Scene: How to Conduct a Science-Fair Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McQueen, David R.

    1991-01-01

    Advice on how to transform a practical idea into a first-class science fair project is provided. How to do scientific research, what to include in a science fair report, how to pick a topic, when to begin, writing the report, and making the display are topics of discussion. (KR)

  14. A Spoonful of Fairness: Training in Fairness Principles Helps Communicate Bad News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Streicher, Bernhard; Graupmann, Verena; Weisweiler, Silke

    2014-01-01

    Fairness training was examined in its effect on resulting third party perceptions of communicating a negative outcome. Twenty-nine students were videotaped communicating an unfavourable decision twice within a one-week interval: before and after having participated in fairness training, or--in the control group--remaining untrained. Results showed…

  15. Trust, confidence, procedural fairness, outcome fairness, moral conviction, and the acceptance of GM field experiments.

    PubMed

    Siegrist, Michael; Connor, Melanie; Keller, Carmen

    2012-08-01

    In 2005, Swiss citizens endorsed a moratorium on gene technology, resulting in the prohibition of the commercial cultivation of genetically modified crops and the growth of genetically modified animals until 2013. However, scientific research was not affected by this moratorium, and in 2008, GMO field experiments were conducted that allowed us to examine the factors that influence their acceptance by the public. In this study, trust and confidence items were analyzed using principal component analysis. The analysis revealed the following three factors: "economy/health and environment" (value similarity based trust), "trust and honesty of industry and scientists" (value similarity based trust), and "competence" (confidence). The results of a regression analysis showed that all the three factors significantly influenced the acceptance of GM field experiments. Furthermore, risk communication scholars have suggested that fairness also plays an important role in the acceptance of environmental hazards. We, therefore, included measures for outcome fairness and procedural fairness in our model. However, the impact of fairness may be moderated by moral conviction. That is, fairness may be significant for people for whom GMO is not an important issue, but not for people for whom GMO is an important issue. The regression analysis showed that, in addition to the trust and confidence factors, moral conviction, outcome fairness, and procedural fairness were significant predictors. The results suggest that the influence of procedural fairness is even stronger for persons having high moral convictions compared with persons having low moral convictions.

  16. A 90° fair circular waveguide bend.

    PubMed

    Yu, Xin-hua; Deng, Ji-liang; Cao, Wei-ping; Li, Si-min; Gao, Xi; Jiang, Yan-nan

    2015-01-01

    We propose a synthesis method to design a 90° bent fair circular waveguide TE01 mode transition based on the non-uniform rational B-spline technique. The transition by this method has advantages of small geometry, high transmission with wide band and high profile fairness. An example of design of such a transition is presented. The simulation shows that the transition exhibits a transmission as high as 99.3% at the central frequency 35 GHz and has a bandwidth of 16.7% when keeping the transmission over 95%. Furthermore, the profile is extremely fair, which meets the requirements to decrease the geometry errors between actual device and its design, to reduce the machining difficulty in the machining process. The hot test data indicate that good transmission of the TE01 mode is obtained. PMID:25638106

  17. A 90° fair circular waveguide bend.

    PubMed

    Yu, Xin-hua; Deng, Ji-liang; Cao, Wei-ping; Li, Si-min; Gao, Xi; Jiang, Yan-nan

    2015-01-01

    We propose a synthesis method to design a 90° bent fair circular waveguide TE01 mode transition based on the non-uniform rational B-spline technique. The transition by this method has advantages of small geometry, high transmission with wide band and high profile fairness. An example of design of such a transition is presented. The simulation shows that the transition exhibits a transmission as high as 99.3% at the central frequency 35 GHz and has a bandwidth of 16.7% when keeping the transmission over 95%. Furthermore, the profile is extremely fair, which meets the requirements to decrease the geometry errors between actual device and its design, to reduce the machining difficulty in the machining process. The hot test data indicate that good transmission of the TE01 mode is obtained.

  18. Fair drug prices and the patent system.

    PubMed

    Resnik, David B

    2004-06-01

    This paper uses John Rawls' theory of justice to defend the patent system against charges that it has an unfair effect on access to medications,from the perspective of national and international justice. The paper argues that the patent system is fair in a national context because it respects intellectual property rights and it benefits the least advantaged members of society by providing incentives for inventors, investors, and entrepreneurs. The paper also argues that the patent system is fair in an international context, provided that developed nations take steps to help disease-stricken countries secure internal justice. Fairness in a national or international context also requires that the patent system should include emergency exceptions to deal with short-term inequities.

  19. Humanbecoming and practice: fairness-unfairness.

    PubMed

    Hegge, Margaret J

    2012-04-01

    In this column a synthetic definition of fairness-unfairness is followed by a situation study involving an exchange between two undergraduate nursing students and their professor. A series of situations unfolds in which the students encounter a refugee and her family as they enter the American healthcare system. Students share their impressions of fairness-unfairness in this family's experiences. The professor interacts with the students to demonstrate the humanbecoming way of being with persons while bearing witness to the choices made in living out their values.

  20. Soins primaires aux adultes ayant une déficience développementale

    PubMed Central

    Sullivan, William F.; Berg, Joseph M.; Bradley, Elspeth; Cheetham, Tom; Denton, Richard; Heng, John; Hennen, Brian; Joyce, David; Kelly, Maureen; Korossy, Marika; Lunsky, Yona; McMillan, Shirley

    2011-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Mettre à jour les lignes directrices canadiennes de 2006 sur les soins primaires aux adultes ayant une déficience développementale (DD) et présenter des recommandations pratiques fondées sur les connaissances actuelles pour traiter des problèmes de santé particuliers chez des adultes ayant une DD. Qualité des preuves Des professionnels de la santé expérimentés participant à un colloque et un groupe de travail subséquent ont discuté et convenu des révisions aux lignes directrices de 2006 en se fondant sur une recherche documentaire exhaustive, la rétroaction obtenue des utilisateurs du guide de pratique et les expériences cliniques personnelles. La plupart des preuves disponibles dans ce domaine viennent de l’opinion d’experts ou de déclarations consensuelles publiées (niveau III). Message principal Les adultes ayant une DD ont des problèmes de santé complexes, dont plusieurs diffèrent de ceux de la population en général. De bons soins primaires permettent d’identifier les problèmes de santé particuliers dont souffrent les adultes ayant une DD pour améliorer leur qualité de vie et leur accès aux soins de santé et prévenir la morbidité et le décès prématuré. Ces lignes directrices résument les problèmes de santé générale, physique, comportementale et mentale des adultes ayant une DD que devraient connaître les professionnels des soins primaires et présentent des recommandations pour le dépistage et la prise en charge en se basant sur les connaissances actuelles que les cliniciens peuvent mettre en pratique. En raison de l’interaction des facteurs biologiques, psychoaffectifs et sociaux qui contribuent à la santé et au bien-être des adultes ayant une DD, ces lignes directrices insistent sur la participation des aidants, l’adaptation des interventions, au besoin, et la consultation auprès de divers professionnels de la santé quand ils sont accessibles. Elles mettent aussi en évidence la

  1. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Estimating the fair market...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair market price of the work to be performed by the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market...

  2. Effects of Procedural Fairness on Student Judgments of Professors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodabaugh, Rita Cobb; Kravitz, David A.

    1994-01-01

    Three experiments (n=300) were conducted to investigate college student reactions to classroom fairness issues. In two experiments, student ratings of fairness were affected by manipulations of procedural fairness and grade outcome. Effects of procedural fairness were stronger than grade. In the third experiment, ratings of professors were…

  3. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision § 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  4. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... to articles for a fair. (b) After entry. Upon the entry being made, a permit may be issued by...

  5. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision § 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  6. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... to articles for a fair. (b) After entry. Upon the entry being made, a permit may be issued by...

  7. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  8. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  9. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612....612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky inner heart branches for its size....

  10. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612....612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky inner heart branches for its size....

  11. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1162 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1162 Section 51.1162 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.1162 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and...

  13. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.772 Section 51.772... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.772 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and...

  14. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.772 Section 51.772... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.772 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and...

  15. 7 CFR 51.1162 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1162 Section 51.1162 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.1162 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and...

  16. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.772 Section 51.772 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Definitions § 51.772 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and...

  17. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What is FAIRS? 102-33...) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to collect... site. The “FAIRS User's Manual” contains the business rules for using the system and is available...

  18. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What is FAIRS? 102-33...) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to collect... site. The “FAIRS User's Manual” contains the business rules for using the system and is available...

  19. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What is FAIRS? 102-33...) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to collect... site. The “FAIRS User's Manual” contains the business rules for using the system and is available...

  20. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Estimating the fair market...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair market price of the work to be performed by the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market...

  1. Fibromatose desmoïde du sein: à propos d'un cas et une revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Amourak, Sarah; Alaoui, Fatimazahra Fdili; Jayi, Sofia; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah

    2015-01-01

    La fibromatose desmoïde mammaire est une entité rare, mimant sur le plan clinique et échographique un cancer du sein. Seule l'histologie apportera le diagnostic en objectivant une prolifération de cellule fusiforme (fibro et myofibroblastique sans atypies nucléaires), agencée en faisceaux, mêlés à des bandes de collagène, sans composante épithéliale. Le diagnostic différentiel se pose essentiellement avec le carcinome métaplasique à cellules fusiformes. L’évolution est strictement locale, avec un grand pouvoir récidivant. L'exérèse chirurgicale complète avec des marges saines (jusqu’à 3cm) est le traitement de choix, la radiothérapie reste une option thérapeutique en complément de la chirurgie dans les exérèses incomplètes et en cas de récidives multiples. A travers notre cas et une revue de la littérature, nous essayerons de mettre le point sur le diagnostic de cette entité rare et de sa prise en charge puisqu'elle va conditionner le pronostic. PMID:26491531

  2. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bolognese, Jeff; Walden, Harvey; Obenschain, Arthur F. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    This report describes the development of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair, including its history and outgrowth from the traditional regional science fairs supported by NASA. The results of the 1999 Virtual Science Fair pilot program, the mechanics of running the 2000 Virtual Science Fair and its results, and comments and suggestions for future Virtual Science Fairs are provided. The appendices to the report include the original proposal for this project, the judging criteria, the user's guide and the judge's guide to the Virtual Science Fair Web site, the Fair publicity brochure and the Fair award designs, judges' and students' responses to survey questions about the Virtual Science Fair, and lists of student entries to both the 1999 and 2000 Fairs.

  3. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bolognese, Jeff; Walden, Harvey; Obenschain, Arthur F. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    This report describes the development of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair, including its history and outgrowth from the traditional regional science fairs supported by NASA. The results of the 1999 Virtual Science Fair pilot program, the mechanics of running the 2000 Virtual Science Fair and its results, and comments and suggestions for future Virtual Science Fairs are provided. The appendices to the report contain supporting documentation, including the original proposal for this project, the judging criteria, the user's guide and the judge's guide to the Virtual Science Fair Web site, the Fair publicity brochure and the Fair award designs, judges' and students' responses to survey questions about the Virtual Science Fair, and lists of student entries to both the 1999 and 2000 Fairs.

  4. Teaching Fairness in Journalism: A Challenging Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    Objectivity has long been contentious in American journalism. Many practitioners call it essential to a news organization's credibility. Critics, however, hold objectivity is impossible and urge reporters simply to reveal their biases. For educators, teaching objectivity is challenging. Some, seeking a middle ground, instead urge fairness and…

  5. Living Learning Theory through My Fair Lady

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenzer, Holly

    2005-01-01

    In My Fair Lady ( Lerner & Lowe, 1956), the play, the renowned linguistics professor, Henry Higgins, attempts to instruct the common flower-vendor, Eliza Doolittle, in proper English etiquette and speech. Revisit the colourful story from the perspective of a twenty-first century instructional designer. Set in the 1910s, but written in the heyday…

  6. Schools and the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joyce, Robert P.

    1986-01-01

    Traces the history of the Fair Labor Standards Act's applicability to public employees. Beginning in April 1986, schools must pay covered employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek time-and-a-half (in money or compensatory time off). Defines terms and lists recordkeeping requirements. (MLF)

  7. The Third International San Francisco Book Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalmon, Winn; And Others

    Friends of Books and Comics presents its catalog of the Third International San Francisco Book Fair, a marketplace of alternative books, comics, and magazines. Nearly 200 alternative and small presses are listed alphabetically with address, telephone number, names of principal people involved, and a brief description of type and subject of…

  8. Fair Play: Accepting Responsibility for Student Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karns, Michelle S.; Parker, Dennis R.

    2007-01-01

    Equity in education relies on equal access to learning experiences and fair play during those experiences. Too often policy makers, voters and even some educators define equity only in terms of equal access. Equity is less about the same treatment for all and more about holding everyone to the same high standards and high expectations. All…

  9. Fair Use: Articulating the Liberal Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Anthony, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Within the context of "Cambridge University Press et al. v. Patton et al.", this article provides the rationale for the academic distribution of scholarly articles without requesting copyright permission or paying the corresponding fees. The fair use of scholarly articles is examined legally, historically, and in an economic context. This article…

  10. Fair process: managing in the knowledge economy.

    PubMed

    Kim, W C; Mauborgne, R

    1997-01-01

    Unlike the traditional factors of production--land, labor, and capital--knowledge is a resource that can't be forced out of people. But creating and sharing knowledge is essential to fostering innovation, the key challenge of the knowledge-based economy. To create a climate in which employees volunteer their creativity and expertise, managers need to look beyond the traditional tools at their disposal. They need to build trust. The authors have studied the links between trust, idea sharing, and corporate performance for more than a decade. They have explored the question of why managers of local subsidiaries so often fail to share information with executives at headquarters. They have studied the dynamics of idea sharing in product development teams, joint ventures, supplier partnerships, and corporate transformations. They offer an explanation for why people resist change even when it would benefit them directly. In every case, the decisive factor was what the authors call fair process--fairness in the way a company makes and executes decisions. The elements of fair process are simple: Engage people's input in decisions that directly affect them. Explain why decisions are made the way they are. Make clear what will be expected of employees after the changes are made. Fair process may sound like a soft issue, but it is crucial to building trust and unlocking ideas. Without it, people are apt to withhold their full cooperation and their creativity. The results are costly: ideas that never see daylight and initiatives that are never seized.

  11. 7 CFR 51.608 - Fairly compact.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly compact. 51.608 Section 51.608 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF...

  12. 7 CFR 51.608 - Fairly compact.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly compact. 51.608 Section 51.608 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF...

  13. Approval Plans and Departmental Fair Share.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCullough, Kathleen

    Some university academic departments contend that they do not receive a fair share of approval-plan books. The study attempts to measure the proportion of books for each departmental subject in general publishing and to compare those ratios to their proportion in approval plan receipts. It also sought to determine whether, and to what extent, book…

  14. A World of Discovery Online: Science Fairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Linda C.

    1996-01-01

    K-12 students and teachers can use the Internet for planning science fair activities--for project ideas, resources, and interactive Web sites. Lists 26 science Web sites specializing in question answering, activities, experiments, optics, math, dissection, inventions, physics, space, genetics, cockroaches and worms, and Twinkies (sponge cakes).…

  15. Fair and optimistic quantum contract signing

    SciTech Connect

    Paunkovic, N.; Mateus, P.; Bouda, J.

    2011-12-15

    We present a fair and optimistic quantum-contract-signing protocol between two clients that requires no communication with the third trusted party during the exchange phase. We discuss its fairness and show that it is possible to design such a protocol for which the probability of a dishonest client to cheat becomes negligible and scales as N{sup -1/2}, where N is the number of messages exchanged between the clients. Our protocol is not based on the exchange of signed messages: Its fairness is based on the laws of quantum mechanics. Thus, it is abuse free, and the clients do not have to generate new keys for each message during the exchange phase. We discuss a real-life scenario when measurement errors and qubit-state corruption due to noisy channels and imperfect quantum memories occur and argue that for a real, good-enough measurement apparatus, transmission channels, and quantum memories, our protocol would still be fair. Apart from stable quantum memories, the other segments of our protocol could be implemented by today's technology, as they require in essence the same type of apparatus as the one needed for the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) cryptographic protocol. Finally, we briefly discuss two alternative versions of the protocol, one that uses only two states [based on the Bennett 1992 (B92) protocol] and the other that uses entangled pairs, and show that it is possible to generalize our protocol to an arbitrary number of clients.

  16. Four Tools for Science Fair Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sherry Weaver; Messmer, Barbara; Storm, Bill; Weaver, Cheryl

    2007-01-01

    These teacher-tested ideas will guide students in creating true inquiry-based projects. Two of the ideas, the Topic Selection Wizard and Science Project Timeline, are appropriate for all science fair programs, even new ones. For existing programs, the Black Box of Project Improvement and After-School Project Clinic improve project quality and…

  17. Reverse Your Science Fair with Educational Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Jordan; Zardetto-Smith, Andrea; Mu, Keli; Demetrikopoulos, Melissa K.

    2004-01-01

    This article suggests several ways teachers can get their students really excited about science by bringing scientists to the science fair in a different role than the traditional "judge." With a bit more effort, scientists can become actively involved as presenters of hands-on activities. This article discusses: what happens when the tables are…

  18. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND......

  19. Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Constance, Comp.

    This bibliography assists junior and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, executing, and evaluating science fair projects. A few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students are listed. This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography but is designed to put the reader "on target."…

  20. Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howland, Joyce, Comp.

    The sources listed in this document are selected to provide guidance to students, parents, and teachers throughout the process of planning, developing, implementing, and competing in science fair activities. While sources range in suitability from elementary to high school levels, the emphasis is on materials for grades 9-12. This guide updates LC…

  1. [Law Enforcement Standards of Decency and Fairness].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saxbe, William B.

    Effective policemen need to have as much knowledge as possible about society; they need to be fair, like the criminal justice system they represent. Society cannot be protected unless there is full accordance with the law. Questions of concern are whether the poor man or the black man are receiving the same treatment as the rich or influential…

  2. Guidelines for Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Business Officer, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Guidelines issued separately by the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) and the American Library Association (ALA) concerning the fair use of copyrighted materials are presented. In addition, a UW memo is presented that covers background information on the Copyright Law and multiple copy reproduction of copyrighted materials for classroom use.…

  3. Thinking Through Worlds Fair: Evolutionary Rhetoric.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Syverson, M. A.

    2001-01-01

    Describes the creation of Worlds Fair, a project that evolved over several years from a sketchy short-story idea into a full-blown Web-based multimedia project with over 80 contributors, and proved to be an education in incorporating visual rhetoric into composition pedagogy. (SG)

  4. A Future Fair: Building Tomorrow Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherly, Myra S.

    1992-01-01

    Gifted intermediate-level students in Greenville, South Carolina, held a Future Fair in which students completed projects and developed critical and creative thinking skills as they investigated real problems. Projects such as models, inventions, photo essays, and creative writing focused on future schools, art, fashions, space travel, and other…

  5. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... advertisement, pamphlets, or brochures used must identify that the complex is operated on an equal housing... logo type. Copies of the proposed material must be sent when requesting approval of the plan....

  6. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... advertisement, pamphlets, or brochures used must identify that the complex is operated on an equal housing... logo type. Copies of the proposed material must be sent when requesting approval of the plan....

  7. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... advertisement, pamphlets, or brochures used must identify that the complex is operated on an equal housing... logo type. Copies of the proposed material must be sent when requesting approval of the plan....

  8. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... advertisement, pamphlets, or brochures used must identify that the complex is operated on an equal housing... logo type. Copies of the proposed material must be sent when requesting approval of the plan....

  9. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... advertisement, pamphlets, or brochures used must identify that the complex is operated on an equal housing... logo type. Copies of the proposed material must be sent when requesting approval of the plan....

  10. A Geometric Approach to Fair Division

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbanel, Julius

    2010-01-01

    We wish to divide a cake among some collection of people (who may have very different notions of the comparative value of pieces of cake) in a way that is both "fair" and "efficient." We explore the meaning of these terms, introduce two geometric tools to aid our analysis, and present a proof (due to Dietrich Weller) that establishes the existence…

  11. Putting Science into Elementary Science Fairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Helen Ross

    In a world where science has become too confined to books and too reliant on technology, and science fairs have been taken over by parents, this paper offers suggestions to help young people have actual hands-on experience with nature. Topics include soil formation; ants; earthworms; temperature; weather predictions; rain acidity; physical science…

  12. Fair and optimistic quantum contract signing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paunković, N.; Bouda, J.; Mateus, P.

    2011-12-01

    We present a fair and optimistic quantum-contract-signing protocol between two clients that requires no communication with the third trusted party during the exchange phase. We discuss its fairness and show that it is possible to design such a protocol for which the probability of a dishonest client to cheat becomes negligible and scales as N-1/2, where N is the number of messages exchanged between the clients. Our protocol is not based on the exchange of signed messages: Its fairness is based on the laws of quantum mechanics. Thus, it is abuse free, and the clients do not have to generate new keys for each message during the exchange phase. We discuss a real-life scenario when measurement errors and qubit-state corruption due to noisy channels and imperfect quantum memories occur and argue that for a real, good-enough measurement apparatus, transmission channels, and quantum memories, our protocol would still be fair. Apart from stable quantum memories, the other segments of our protocol could be implemented by today's technology, as they require in essence the same type of apparatus as the one needed for the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) cryptographic protocol. Finally, we briefly discuss two alternative versions of the protocol, one that uses only two states [based on the Bennett 1992 (B92) protocol] and the other that uses entangled pairs, and show that it is possible to generalize our protocol to an arbitrary number of clients.

  13. The HADES-at-FAIR project

    SciTech Connect

    Lapidus, K.; Agakishiev, G.; Balanda, A.; Bassini, R.; Behnke, C.; Belyaev, A.; Blanco, A.; Boehmer, M.; Cabanelas, P.; Carolino, N.; Chen, J. C.; Chernenko, S.; Diaz, J.; Dybczak, A.; Collaboration: HADES Collaboration; and others

    2012-05-15

    After the completion of the experimental program at SIS18 the HADES setup will migrate to FAIR, where it will deliver high-quality data for heavy-ion collisions in an unexplored energy range of up to 8 A GeV. In this contribution, we briefly present the physics case, relevant detector characteristics and discuss the recently completed upgrade of HADES.

  14. Evolution de la charge électrique d'une particule heurtant une paroi solide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Touchard, G.; Zerghouni, A.; Watanabe, S.; Borzeix, J.

    1991-07-01

    This study, essentially experimental, relates the electric charge generated by the shock of particles on a conducting wall (copper) and on an insulating one (polyethylene). The experiments are realised with an equipment connected to a data acquisition system. We have analysed the influence of differents parameters: impact angle; particle size; initial charge of the particles; impact velocity. Then from these experiments it is possible to point out the charging process of a particle for successive shocks. Le travail que nous présentons est une étude expérimentale du phénomène de génération de charges par collisions sur des surfaces métallique (cuivre) et isolante (polyéthylène). Les expériences sont réalisées sur un dispositif relié à un système d'acquisition de données. Nous avons procédé à l'étude de l'influence de plusieurs paramètres sur ce phénomène tels que : l'angle de choc ; les dimensions des particules ; la charge initiale des particules ; la vitesse au moment du choc. Nous avons aussi mis en évidence l'existence d'une charge de saturation qu'acquiert une particule après un grand nombre de chocs avec une paroi solide.

  15. Fairing Separation Analysis Using SepTOOL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zalewski, Bart F.; Dial, William B.; Kosareo, Daniel N.

    2015-01-01

    This document describes the relevant equations programmed in spreadsheet software, SepTOOL, developed by ZIN Technologies, Inc. (ZIN) to determine the separation clearance between a launch vehicle payload fairing and remaining stages. The software uses closed form rigid body dynamic solutions of the vehicle in combination with flexible body dynamics of the fairing, which is obtained from flexible body dynamic analysis or from test data, and superimposes the two results to obtain minimum separation clearance for any given set of flight trajectory conditions. Using closed form solutions allows SepTOOL to perform separation calculations several orders of magnitude faster compared to numerical methods which allows users to perform real time parameter studies. Moreover, SepTOOL can optimize vehicle performance to minimize separation clearance. This tool can evaluate various shapes and sizes of fairings along with different vehicle configurations and trajectories. These geometries and parameters are inputted in a user friendly interface. Although the software was specifically developed for evaluating the separation clearance of launch vehicle payload fairings, separation dynamics of other launch vehicle components can be evaluated provided that aerodynamic loads acting on the vehicle during the separation event are negligible. This document describes the development of SepTOOL providing analytical procedure and theoretical equations whose implementation of these equations is not disclosed. Realistic examples are presented, and the results are verified with ADAMS (MSC Software Corporation) simulations. It should be noted that SepTOOL is a preliminary separation clearance assessment software for payload fairings and should not be used for final clearance analysis.

  16. Insuffisance rénale aigüe: présentation rare d’une maladie d’Addison

    PubMed Central

    Salhi, Houda

    2016-01-01

    La maladie d’Addison est une pathologie rare, qui se manifeste fréquemment par des signes cliniques non spécifiques. Ce qui peut causer un retard diagnostic et thérapeutique. Cette maladie peut se présenter comme un tableau d’insuffisance rénale aigue. Nous rapportons le cas d’un patient présentant une maladie d’Addison qui a été pris en charge initialement comme une insuffisance rénale aigue secondaire à un myélome multiple et dont le diagnostic a été redressé par la suite. Le patient s’est spectaculairement amélioré après mis en place de traitement par réhydratation par voie intraveineuse; hydrocortisone injectable.

  17. Présentation atypique d'une granulomatose avec polyangeite: à propos d'une observation pédiatrique

    PubMed Central

    Berriche, Olfa; Younes, Samia; Ammari, Wafa; Alaya, Wafa; Kessomtini, Wassia; Hammami, Sonia

    2015-01-01

    La granulomatose avec polyangéite (GPA) est une vascularite nécrosante systémique, caractérisée par une inflammation granulomateuse, une nécrose tissulaire et une vascularite touchant les vaisseaux de moyen et, surtout, de petit calibre, elle touche rarement l'enfant. PMID:26327978

  18. An Experimental Investigation of Helicopter Rotor Hub Fairing Drag Characteristics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sung, D. Y.; Lance, M. B.; Young, L. A.; Stroub, R. H.

    1989-01-01

    A study was done in the NASA 14- by 22-Foot Wind Tunnel at Langley Research Center on the parasite drag of different helicopter rotor hub fairings and pylons. Parametric studies of hub-fairing camber and diameter were conducted. The effect of hub fairing/pylon clearance on hub fairing/pylon mutual interference drag was examined in detail. Force and moment data are presented in tabular and graphical forms. The results indicate that hub fairings with a circular-arc upper surface and a flat lower surface yield maximum hub drag reduction; and clearance between the hub fairing and pylon induces high mutual-interference drag and diminishes the drag-reduction benefit obtained using a hub fairing with a flat lower surface. Test data show that symmetrical hub fairings with circular-arc surfaces generate 74 percent more interference drag than do cambered hub fairings with flat lower surfaces, at moderate negative angle of attack.

  19. Maladie de Takayasu et polyarthrite rhumatoïde: une association rare - à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Frikha, Faten; Maazoun, Fatma; Snoussi, Mouna; Abid, Leila; Abid, Hanen; Bouassida, Walid; Kaddour, Neila; Bahloul, Zouhir

    2012-01-01

    L'artérite de Takayasu ou maladie de Takayasu (MT) et la polyarthrite rhumatoïde (PR) et sont deux maladies inflammatoires chroniques et leur association a été rapportée dans la littérature à travers quelques observations de cas sporadiques. Nous rapportons une nouvelle observation d'une telle association. Une patiente âgée de 44 ans, diagnostiquée avec une polyarthrite rhumatoïde à facteur rhumatoïde positif, qui a développé des céphalées avec des vertiges de caractère permanent. L'examen révélait un pouls radial et huméral abolis à droite, un souffle carotidien bilatéral et une tension artérielle imprenable à droite. L'artériographie a confirmé la présence d'une atteinte de l'arc aortique type MT. Le diagnostic d'une maladie de Takayasu associée à une polyarthrite rhumatoïde était retenu. La patiente était traitée par une corticothérapie (prednisone à la dose de 0,5 mg/kg par jour) et un traitement de fond par Méthotrexate avec une bonne réponse initiale. A travers notre observation et une revue de la littérature, les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, étiopathogéniques, cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutives de cette association seront discutées. PMID:22937201

  20. Antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus Faecium Fair-E 198 against gram-positive pathogens

    PubMed Central

    do Nascimento, Maristela da Silva; Moreno, Izildinha; Kuaye, Arnaldo Yoshiteru

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT This study investigated the antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus faecium FAIR-E 198 against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. Using the critical-dilution method, the bacteriocin produced by E. faecium FAIR-E 198 inhibited all L. monocytogenes strains evaluated (1,600 to 19,200 AU mL-1). However, none of the B. cereus and S. aureus strains investigated were inhibited. The maximum activity of this bacteriocin (800 AU mL-1) was observed in MRS broth, while the activity in milk was 100 AU mL-1. In the co-cultivation test in milk, B. cereus K1-B041 was reduced to below the detection limit (1.00 log CFU mL-1) after 48 h. E. faecium reduced the initial L. monocytogenes Scott A population by 1 log CFU mL-1 after 3 h at 35°C, However, the pathogen regained growth, reaching 3.68 log CFU mL-1 after 48 h. E. faecium did not influence the growth of S. aureus ATCC 27154 during the 48 h of co-cultivation, Therefore, it can be concluded that the effectiveness of the antimicrobial activity of E. faecium FAIR-E 198 is strictly related to the species and strain of the target microorganism and to the culture medium, PMID:24031466

  1. Une nouvelle voie pour la conception des implants intervertébraux

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gradel, T.; Tabourot, L.; Arrieux, R.; Balland, P.

    2002-12-01

    L'objectif de notre travail est la conception d'une nouvelle génération d'implants intersomatiques qui s'adapte parfaitement à la géométrie des plateaux vertébraux en se déformant. Pour cela, nous avons utilisé une nouvelle démarche qui consiste à simuler entièrement le procédé de fabrication en l'occurrence l'emboutissage, Cette simulation, en concervant l'historique des sollicitations exercées sur le matériau lors de sa mise en œuvre permet de valider très précisément sa résistance mécanique en fin de cycle. Au cours de cette étude, nous avons mené en parallèle deux analyses dites “ coopératives ” : l'une fondée sur un modèle phénoménologique de type HILL et l'autre sur un modèle multi-échelles prenant en compte des phénomènes plus physiques afin d'acquérir une bonne connaissance du comportement du matériau lors de la déformation. C'est pour sa bonne résistance, sa biocompatibilité et ses propriétés radiologiques que nous avons choisi le T40 (titane pur) comme matériau.

  2. Telecommunications equipment at 1984 Leipzig Spring Fair

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weidenbruch, K. H.

    1984-12-01

    Radio and telecommunications technology (RFT) communication electronics for world-wide communications was the governing topic under which the VEB Combine Communication Electronics presented its Fair equipment for the 1984 Leipzig Spring Fair. The high scientific-technical level of devices and systems from the GDR becomes clear in five user-oriented equipment complexes in conjunction with other combines, using selected problem and system solutions as examples. New documentation is presented using micro-electronics, digital technology, optoelectronics, and fiber-optic light-guide communication transmission in a well-directed manner, and which can satisfy even the most stringent claims as regards utility for the user, use-value properties, weight/performance ratio, specific energy consumption, as well as easy assembly and optimum service.

  3. Evolution of responses to (un)fairness.

    PubMed

    Brosnan, Sarah F; de Waal, Frans B M

    2014-10-17

    The human sense of fairness is an evolutionary puzzle. To study this, we can look to other species, in which this can be translated empirically into responses to reward distribution. Passive and active protest against receiving less than a partner for the same task is widespread in species that cooperate outside kinship and mating bonds. There is less evidence that nonhuman species seek to equalize outcomes to their own detriment, yet the latter has been documented in our closest relatives, the apes. This reaction probably reflects an attempt to forestall partner dissatisfaction with obtained outcomes and its negative impact on future cooperation. We hypothesize that it is the evolution of this response that allowed the development of a complete sense of fairness in humans, which aims not at equality for its own sake but for the sake of continued cooperation. PMID:25324394

  4. Emergence of Fairness in Repeated Group Interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Van Segbroeck, S.; Pacheco, J. M.; Lenaerts, T.; Santos, F. C.

    2012-04-01

    Often groups need to meet repeatedly before a decision is reached. Hence, most individual decisions will be contingent on decisions taken previously by others. In particular, the decision to cooperate or not will depend on one’s own assessment of what constitutes a fair group outcome. Making use of a repeated N-person prisoner’s dilemma, we show that reciprocation towards groups opens a window of opportunity for cooperation to thrive, leading populations to engage in dynamics involving both coordination and coexistence, and characterized by cycles of cooperation and defection. Furthermore, we show that this process leads to the emergence of fairness, whose level will depend on the dilemma at stake.

  5. FAIR: a Horizon for Future Charming Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Ritman, James

    2007-11-07

    The science goals underlying the future international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research--FAIR--[1] that is being realized in Darmstadt span a broad range of research activities on the structure of matter. One component of this facility is directed towards studies of hadronic matter at the sub-nuclear level with beams of antiprotons. These studies focus on two key aspects: confinement of quarks and the generation of the hadron masses. These goals will be pursued by performing precision measurements of charged and neutral decay products from antiproton-proton annihilation in the charmonium mass region. In this talk I present some of the issues connected to FAIR in which the groups in Cracow and Juelich are extending and intensifying our cooperation.

  6. How to Restore Fairness After Doping Infringement?

    PubMed

    Hämäläinen, Mika

    2016-10-01

    This article addresses the question how to restore the biggest possible amount of fairness after a discovery of doping infringement. I will analyse eight actions that could be taken: (1) disqualification and re-ranking, (2) change in official result, (3) medal stripping and medal re-awarding, (4) ban, (5) rematch, (6) legal action, (7) apology and (8) forgiveness. I conclude that the best way to restore the biggest possible amount of fairness seems to be a selected combination of actions. I also propose that re-ranking and medal re-awarding should be accompanied by a ceremony in which the new winners are celebrated because they typically did not have the possibility of enjoying their success in front of the original audience. PMID:27369122

  7. How to Restore Fairness After Doping Infringement?

    PubMed

    Hämäläinen, Mika

    2016-10-01

    This article addresses the question how to restore the biggest possible amount of fairness after a discovery of doping infringement. I will analyse eight actions that could be taken: (1) disqualification and re-ranking, (2) change in official result, (3) medal stripping and medal re-awarding, (4) ban, (5) rematch, (6) legal action, (7) apology and (8) forgiveness. I conclude that the best way to restore the biggest possible amount of fairness seems to be a selected combination of actions. I also propose that re-ranking and medal re-awarding should be accompanied by a ceremony in which the new winners are celebrated because they typically did not have the possibility of enjoying their success in front of the original audience.

  8. Negative incidental emotions augment fairness sensitivity.

    PubMed

    Liu, Cuizhen; Chai, Jing Wen; Yu, Rongjun

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that task-unrelated emotions induced incidentally exert carryover effects on individuals' subsequent decisions in financial negotiations. However, the specificity of these emotion effects are not clear. In three experiments, we systematically investigated the role of seven transiently induced basic emotions (disgust, sadness, anger, fear, happiness, surprise and neutral) on rejection of unfair offers using the ultimatum game. We found that all negative emotions (disgust, sadness, anger and fear), but not happiness or surprise, significantly increased rejection rates, suggesting that the effect of incidental negative emotions on fairness is not specific to the type of negative emotion. Our findings highlight the role of fleeting emotions in biasing decision-making processes and suggest that all incidental negative emotions exert similar effects on fairness sensitivity, possibly by potentiating attention towards negative aspects of the situation. PMID:27101931

  9. Negative incidental emotions augment fairness sensitivity

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Cuizhen; Chai, Jing Wen; Yu, Rongjun

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that task-unrelated emotions induced incidentally exert carryover effects on individuals’ subsequent decisions in financial negotiations. However, the specificity of these emotion effects are not clear. In three experiments, we systematically investigated the role of seven transiently induced basic emotions (disgust, sadness, anger, fear, happiness, surprise and neutral) on rejection of unfair offers using the ultimatum game. We found that all negative emotions (disgust, sadness, anger and fear), but not happiness or surprise, significantly increased rejection rates, suggesting that the effect of incidental negative emotions on fairness is not specific to the type of negative emotion. Our findings highlight the role of fleeting emotions in biasing decision-making processes and suggest that all incidental negative emotions exert similar effects on fairness sensitivity, possibly by potentiating attention towards negative aspects of the situation. PMID:27101931

  10. Evolution of responses to (un)fairness

    PubMed Central

    Brosnan, Sarah F.; de Waal, Frans B. M.

    2015-01-01

    The human sense of fairness is an evolutionary puzzle. To study this, we can look to other species, in which this can be translated empirically into responses to reward distribution. Passive and active protest against receiving less than a partner for the same task is widespread in species that cooperate outside kinship and mating bonds. There is less evidence that nonhuman species seek to equalize outcomes to their own detriment, yet the latter has been documented in our closest relatives, the apes. This reaction probably reflects an attempt to forestall partner dissatisfaction with obtained outcomes and its negative impact on future cooperation. We hypothesize that it is the evolution of this response that allowed the development of a complete sense of fairness in humans, which aims not at equality for its own sake but for the sake of continued cooperation. PMID:25324394

  11. Animal behaviour: fair refusal by capuchin monkeys.

    PubMed

    Wynne, Clive D L

    2004-03-11

    Brosnan and de Waal report that capuchin monkeys show evidence of a sense of fairness or 'inequity aversion' because they rejected a less preferred reward when they saw a partner monkey receive a preferred reward for the same task. However, this does not show that monkeys are averse to inequity, only that they reject a lesser reward when better rewards are available. There are risks inherent in seeking anthropomorphic explanations for non-human behaviour.

  12. Cryptanalysis of fair quantum blind signatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Li-Bao; Huang, Liu-Sheng; Yang, Wei; Xu, Rui

    2012-03-01

    We investigate the fair quantum blind signature scheme proposed by Wang and Wen [Wang T Y and Wen Q Y 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 060307], which uses the fundamental properties of quantum mechanics and the availability of a trusted arbitrator. However, in this paper, we find that the protocol cannot satisfy the property of non-forgeability even under the condition that the trusted arbitrator is totally credible. Moreover, a simple feasible suggestion for improving the protocol is proposed.

  13. Cryogenics for Super-FRS at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiang, Yu; Kauschke, Marion; Schroeder, Claus H.; Kollmus, Holger

    The challenge of cooling down the huge cold mass up to 1100 tons (dominated by iron) to 4.5 K is addressed as one of the most important features for Super-FRS cryogenics at FAIR. For such large cold mass precooling with LN2 is necessary due to the reason that approximately 80% of the cool down load is from 300K to 80K. The capacity of the LN2 precooler at 80 K as well as the 4.5 K cooling power have been specified in order to reach a reasonable cooldown time of three to four weeks. In the paper we will also discuss the technical issues for Super-FRS magnet testing at CERN in terms of the limitations of the cooldown / warmup rates on magnets, interface definition, and the magnet cryostat protection against over-pressure under worst-case scenarios, i.e., quench and insulation vacuum sudden loss to air, which are the key issues for the cryogenic test facility planning and machine protection at FAIR. Meanwhile the important features of the refrigerator and the cryogenic distribution system for the Super-FRS at FAIR will be discussed.

  14. Interactivity vs. fairness in networked linux systems

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Wenji; Crawford, Matt; /Fermilab

    2007-01-01

    In general, the Linux 2.6 scheduler can ensure fairness and provide excellent interactive performance at the same time. However, our experiments and mathematical analysis have shown that the current Linux interactivity mechanism tends to incorrectly categorize non-interactive network applications as interactive, which can lead to serious fairness or starvation issues. In the extreme, a single process can unjustifiably obtain up to 95% of the CPU! The root cause is due to the facts that: (1) network packets arrive at the receiver independently and discretely, and the 'relatively fast' non-interactive network process might frequently sleep to wait for packet arrival. Though each sleep lasts for a very short period of time, the wait-for-packet sleeps occur so frequently that they lead to interactive status for the process. (2) The current Linux interactivity mechanism provides the possibility that a non-interactive network process could receive a high CPU share, and at the same time be incorrectly categorized as 'interactive.' In this paper, we propose and test a possible solution to address the interactivity vs. fairness problems. Experiment results have proved the effectiveness of the proposed solution.

  15. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... administered in accordance with: (a) The nondiscrimination and fair housing requirements set forth in 24 CFR part 5; and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24 CFR part 200, subpart M and 24 CFR part 108....

  16. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an...

  17. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  18. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an...

  19. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  20. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  1. 75 FR 61842 - Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations AGENCY: Office of... concerning the following information collection. Title of Proposal: Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing... person from using certain information received from an affiliate to make a solicitation for...

  2. 75 FR 77048 - Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations AGENCY: Office of... on the following information collection. Title of Proposal: Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing... person from using certain information received from an affiliate to make a solicitation for...

  3. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  4. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  5. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  6. "Fair" outcomes without morality in cleaner wrasse mutualism.

    PubMed

    Bshary, Redouan; Raihani, Nichola

    2013-02-01

    Baumard et al. propose a functional explanation for the evolution of a sense of fairness in humans: Fairness preferences are advantageous in an environment where individuals are in strong competition to be chosen for social interactions. Such conditions also exist in nonhuman animals. Therefore, it remains unclear why fairness (equated with morality) appears to be properly present only in humans.

  7. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Fair market price. 51-2.7... WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee is responsible for determining fair market prices, and changes thereto, for commodities and services on the Procurement List....

  8. 25 CFR 700.119 - Establishment of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Establishment of fair market value. 700.119 Section 700... PROCEDURES Acquisition and Disposal of Habitations and/or Improvements § 700.119 Establishment of fair market value. (a) General. The Commission shall establish the amount of fair market value to be offered to...

  9. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  10. 23 CFR 710.707 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fair market value. 710.707 Section 710.707 Highways... REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.707 Fair market value. A highway agency shall receive fair market value for any concession agreement involving a federally funded highway....

  11. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  12. 25 CFR 700.119 - Establishment of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Establishment of fair market value. 700.119 Section 700... PROCEDURES Acquisition and Disposal of Habitations and/or Improvements § 700.119 Establishment of fair market value. (a) General. The Commission shall establish the amount of fair market value to be offered to...

  13. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fair market price. 51-2.7... WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee is responsible for determining fair market prices, and changes thereto, for commodities and services on the Procurement List....

  14. 16. DETAIL OF TOOL FOR COMPRESSING SPRING IN FAIRING SEPARATION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. DETAIL OF TOOL FOR COMPRESSING SPRING IN FAIRING SEPARATION ACTUATOR AND PLASTIC-WRAPPED ACTUATOR FOR FAIRING THAT WILL ENCLOSE A DMSP SATELLITE. (FAIRING SEPARATION ACTUATOR COMPRESSES TO ONE-THIRD OF ITS SIZE.) - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Vehicle Support Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  15. 7 CFR 51.581 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.581 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the branches are... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.581 Section 51.581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections,...

  16. 7 CFR 51.581 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.581 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed means that the branches are... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well formed. 51.581 Section 51.581 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections,...

  17. 46 CFR 381.4 - Fair and reasonable participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fair and reasonable participation. 381.4 Section 381.4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MISCELLANEOUS CARGO PREFERENCE-U.S.-FLAG VESSELS § 381.4 Fair and reasonable participation. In order to insure a fair and reasonable...

  18. 46 CFR 381.4 - Fair and reasonable participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fair and reasonable participation. 381.4 Section 381.4 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MISCELLANEOUS CARGO PREFERENCE-U.S.-FLAG VESSELS § 381.4 Fair and reasonable participation. In order to insure a fair and reasonable...

  19. 32 CFR 151.7 - Fair trial guarantees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fair trial guarantees. 151.7 Section 151.7... MILITARY JUSTICE STATUS OF FORCES POLICIES AND INFORMATION § 151.7 Fair trial guarantees. The following is a listing of “fair trial” safeguards or guarantees that are considered to be applicable to...

  20. 24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Regulations § 200.625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation in FHA...

  1. 7 CFR 246.9 - Fair hearing procedures for participants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fair hearing procedures for participants. 246.9... WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN Participant Eligibility § 246.9 Fair hearing procedures for participants. (a... individual in writing of the right to a fair hearing, of the method by which a hearing may be requested,...

  2. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans § 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  3. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans § 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  4. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of the... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section...

  5. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of the... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section...

  6. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of the... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section...

  7. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of the... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section...

  8. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of the... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section...

  9. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 33-MANAGEMENT OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT Reporting Information on Government Aircraft Federal Aviation Interactive Reporting System (fairs) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to...

  10. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 33-MANAGEMENT OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT Reporting Information on Government Aircraft Federal Aviation Interactive Reporting System (fairs) § 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to...

  11. Travelling the Road beyond the Curriculum through a Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avraamidou, Lucy; Evagorou, Maria

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we describe a model for a science fair, within the context of an elementary science methods course. We first describe the theoretical perspectives from which the idea of science fairs derives and we provide definitions as we sketch the characteristics of commonly used science fairs. We then describe the context and processes of a…

  12. Science Fairs: Promoting Positive Attitudes Towards Science from Student Participation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Janell D.; Cordry, Sheila; Unline, Carol

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the article is to describe step by step procedures teachers can use to successfully engage their students in the development of science fair projects. The article further explains how the student should prepare their science fair project for science fair competition. It is expected that increasing student participation in science…

  13. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair... the case of an affected farmer who markets his whole milk through a milk handler, by multiplying...

  14. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair... the case of an affected farmer who markets his whole milk through a milk handler, by multiplying...

  15. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair... the case of an affected farmer who markets his whole milk through a milk handler, by multiplying...

  16. The Complete Handbook of Science Fair Projects, Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bochinski, Julianne Blair

    Science fairs have become an important key to gathering valuable science experience while pursuing independent projects. This book serves as a guide to every aspect of science fairs and science fair projects. It provides information on finding suitable topics, researching them properly, developing experiments, and giving meaning to data results.…

  17. 7 CFR 51.1162 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1162 Section 51.1162 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the...

  18. 7 CFR 51.1008 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1008 Section 51.1008... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1008 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the fruit is comparatively free from lumpiness and that pebbling is...

  19. 7 CFR 51.1162 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1162 Section 51.1162 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the...

  20. 7 CFR 51.701 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.701 Section 51.701 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Other Than Florida, California, and Arizona) Definitions § 51.701 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly...

  1. 7 CFR 51.641 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.641 Section 51.641 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards..., and Arizona) Definitions § 51.641 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin...

  2. 7 CFR 51.641 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.641 Section 51.641 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Other Than Florida, California, and Arizona) Definitions § 51.641 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly...

  3. 7 CFR 51.701 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.701 Section 51.701 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Other Than Florida, California, and Arizona) Definitions § 51.701 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly...

  4. 7 CFR 51.1008 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1008 Section 51.1008... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1008 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the fruit is comparatively free from lumpiness and that pebbling is...

  5. 7 CFR 51.641 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.641 Section 51.641 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards..., and Arizona) Definitions § 51.641 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin...

  6. 7 CFR 51.1008 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1008 Section 51.1008 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards....1008 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the fruit is comparatively free...

  7. 7 CFR 51.1162 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1162 Section 51.1162 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the...

  8. 7 CFR 51.641 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.641 Section 51.641 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Other Than Florida, California, and Arizona) Definitions § 51.641 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly...

  9. 7 CFR 51.701 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.701 Section 51.701 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards..., and Arizona) Definitions § 51.701 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin...

  10. 7 CFR 51.641 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.641 Section 51.641 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards..., and Arizona) Definitions § 51.641 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin...

  11. 7 CFR 51.701 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.701 Section 51.701 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards..., and Arizona) Definitions § 51.701 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1008 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1008 Section 51.1008 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards....1008 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the fruit is comparatively free...

  13. 7 CFR 51.701 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.701 Section 51.701 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards..., and Arizona) Definitions § 51.701 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin...

  14. 7 CFR 51.1008 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly smooth texture. 51.1008 Section 51.1008... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1008 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the fruit is comparatively free from lumpiness and that pebbling is...

  15. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  16. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions § 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  17. 24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Regulations § 200.625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation in FHA housing... information indicating his affirmative fair housing marketing plan to comply with the requirements set forth... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Affirmative fair housing...

  18. 7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing. 3565.353 Section... fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must ensure that the lender and borrower are in compliance with the approved Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. This plan must...

  19. 7 CFR 51.2844 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.2844 Section 51.2844 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards...) Definitions § 51.2844 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means having the shape characteristic of...

  20. 7 CFR 51.1557 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1557 Section 51.1557... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1557 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the potato is not materially pointed, dumbbell-shaped or otherwise...

  1. 7 CFR 51.2844 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.2844 Section 51.2844 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards...) Definitions § 51.2844 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means having the shape characteristic of...

  2. 7 CFR 51.3205 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.3205 Section 51.3205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the onion shows the characteristic shape,...

  3. 7 CFR 51.1580 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1580 Section 51.1580... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1580 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the appearance of the individual potato or the general appearance of...

  4. 7 CFR 51.1557 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1557 Section 51.1557... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Potatoes 1 Definitions § 51.1557 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the potato is not materially pointed, dumbbell-shaped or otherwise...

  5. 7 CFR 51.1580 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.1580 Section 51.1580... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1580 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the appearance of the individual potato or the general appearance of...

  6. 7 CFR 51.3205 - Fairly well shaped.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well shaped. 51.3205 Section 51.3205 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that the onion shows the characteristic shape,...

  7. 36 CFR 223.60 - Determining fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., through issuance of agency directives (36 CFR 200.4). Valid methods to determine fair market value include... SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER Timber Sale Contracts Appraisal and Pricing § 223.60 Determining fair market value. The objective of Forest Service timber appraisals is to determine fair...

  8. 7 CFR 51.771 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.771 Section 51.771 Agriculture... Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.771 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that except for an aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1...

  9. 7 CFR 51.771 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.771 Section 51.771 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.771 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that except for an aggregate area of green color...

  10. 7 CFR 51.1164 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1164 Section 51.1164... Definitions § 51.1164 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored as applied to common oranges and tangelos means that except for an aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1 inch...

  11. 7 CFR 51.575 - Fairly well blanched.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well blanched. 51.575 Section 51.575... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions § 51.575 Fairly well blanched. Fairly well blanched means that the midrib portions of the outer branches on the stalk are generally of a creamy...

  12. 23 CFR 710.707 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements § 710.707 Fair market value. A highway agency shall receive fair market value for any concession agreement involving a federally funded highway. ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market value. 710.707 Section 710.707...

  13. Sex Fairness in Career Education. Information Series No. 109.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Marla; Vetter, Louise

    Issues relating to sex fairness in career education discussed in this information analysis paper include the basis of concern for sex fairness in career education, the current status of women in employment, leadership positions in the career education work force, and ways to make career education sex fair for both women and men. Characteristics of…

  14. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085... Definitions § 51.2085 Fairly uniform color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color, whether bleached or natural....

  15. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407... Definitions § 51.1407 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color to materially detract from the general appearance of the lot....

  16. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... § 51.1447 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  17. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085... Definitions § 51.2085 Fairly uniform color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color, whether bleached or natural....

  18. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... § 51.1447 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  19. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407... Definitions § 51.1407 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color to materially detract from the general appearance of the lot....

  20. 7 CFR 51.1164 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1164 Section 51.1164... Definitions § 51.1164 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored as applied to common oranges and tangelos means that except for an aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1 inch...

  1. 7 CFR 51.771 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.771 Section 51.771 Agriculture... Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.771 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that except for an aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1...

  2. 7 CFR 51.771 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.771 Section 51.771 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.771 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that except for an aggregate area of green color...

  3. Nucléation, ascension et éclatement d'une bulle de champagne

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liger-Belair, G.

    2006-03-01

    trains de bulles ainsi qu'à la détermination de la vitesse ascensionnelle des bulles. Les mesures expérimentales du rayon et de la vitesse d'une bulle nous ont permis de déterminer le coefficient de traînée d'une bulle montante qui constitue une mesure indirecte de son état de surface en termes de mobilité interfaciale. Ces mesures nous ont montré que l'interface d'une bulle de champagne conserve une grande mobilité interfaciale pendant sa phase ascensionnelle, à la différence des bulles de taille fixe qui montent dans une solution de macromolécules tensioactives. C'est la faible dilution du champagne en macromolécules tensioactives et le grossissement continu des bulles pendant l'ascension qui assurent aux bulles une faible contamination de leur interface. Pour comparaison, nous avons réalisé le même type de mesures sur des bulles de bière. Le contenu en macromolécules tensioactives étant beaucoup plus important dans une bière, l'effet de dilution du matériel tensioactif à la surface des bulles lié à l'accroissement de la surface des bulles ne compense plus l'adsorption massive des tensioactifs à la surface des bulles. Contrairement aux bulles du champagne, les bulles de bière adoptent vite un comportement de type sphère rigide. Nous avons également discuté l'influence relative de certains paramètres sur la taille des bulles lorsqu'elles parviennent en surface. Il a notamment été montré que le rôle théorique joué par la température du champagne sur la taille des bulles est quasiment négligeable. Pour finir, nous avons proposé d'essayer de faire du train de bulles une sorte d'empreinte digitale du liquide effervescent dans lequel il évolue en analysant la dynamique ascensionnelle des bulles via la mesure de leur coefficient de frottement. Nous avons pu différencier à ce jour par cette méthode trois grandes familles de boissons gazeuses : les vins effervescents au sens large (champagne compris), les bières et les eaux gazeuses

  4. 'Fair benefits' accounts of exploitation require a normative principle of fairness: response to Gbadegesin and Wendler, and Emanuel et al.

    PubMed

    Ballantyne, Angela

    2008-05-01

    In 2004 Emanuel et al. published an influential account of exploitation in international research, which has become known as the 'fair benefits account'. In this paper I argue that the thin definition of fairness presented by Emanuel et al, and subsequently endorsed by Gbadegesin and Wendler, does not provide a notion of fairness that is adequately robust to support a fair benefits account of exploitation. The authors present a procedural notion of fairness--the fair distribution of the benefits of research is to be determined on a case-by-case basis by the parties involved in each study. The fairness of the distribution of benefits is not assessed against an independent normative standard. Emanuel et al.'s account of fairness provides a framework for objecting only to transactions that occur without the fully informed consent of the weaker party. As a result, a debate about exploitation collapses into a debate about consent. This is problematic because, as the proponents of the fair benefits framework acknowledge, neither the trial participants' consent nor the host community's consent preclude exploitation. Attempts to stipulate normative standards of fairness to protect research subjects in developing countries have been controversial and divisive, and it is therefore understandable that bioethicists would be tempted to develop accounts of exploitation that are independent of such prescriptive principles. I conclude, however, that the utility of the fair benefits model of exploitation as a policy tool will ultimately depend on whether a substantive principle of fairness can be developed to underpin it.

  5. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2012: FAIR NExt Generation of ScientistS 2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arcones, Almudena; Bleicher, Marcus; Fritsch, Miriam; Galatyuk, Tetyana; Nicmorus, Diana; Petersen, Hannah; Ratti, Claudia; Tolos, Laura

    2013-03-01

    FAIRNESS 2012 was the first in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on 3-8 September 2012 in Hersonissos, Greece. The workshop covered a wide range of topics, both theoretical developments and current experimental status, that concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference was to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permament position to present their work and to foster active informal discussions and the build-up of networks. Every participant at the meeting, with the exception of the organizers, gave an oral presentation and all sessions were followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks questions were collected anonymously in a circulating box to stimulate these discussions. Since the physics program of FAIR is very broad, this was reflected in the wide range of topics covered at the conference: Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions Hadron Spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NuSTAR, as well as NICA and the RHIC low beam energy scan New developments in atomic and plasma physics In each of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2012 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the

  6. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2013: FAIR NExt generation of ScientistS 2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petersen, Hannah; Destefanis, Marco; Galatyuk, Tetyana; Montes, Fernando; Nicmorus, Diana; Ratti, Claudia; Tolos, Laura; Vogel, Sascha

    2014-04-01

    FAIRNESS 2013 was the second edition in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on 16-21 September 2013 in Berlin, Germany. The topics of the workshop cover a wide range of aspects in both theoretical developments and current experimental status, concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference is to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permanent position to present their work, to foster active informal discussions and build up of networks. Every participant in the meeting with the exception of the organizers gives an oral presentation, and all sessions are followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks, questions are anonymously collected in box to stimulate discussions. Since the physics program of FAIR is very broad, this is reflected in the wide range of topics covered at the Conference: Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions Hadron spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NuSTAR, as well as NICA and the RHIC low beam energy scan New developments in atomic and plasma physics For all of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2013 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the forefront of

  7. How fairly do chimpanzees play the ultimatum game?

    PubMed Central

    Proctor, Darby; Brosnan, Sarah F.; de Waal, Frans B. M.

    2013-01-01

    Humans can behave fairly, but can other species? Recently we tested chimpanzees on a classic human test for fairness, the Ultimatum Game, and found that they behaved similarly to humans. In humans, Ultimatum Game behavior is cited as evidence for a human sense of fairness. By that same logic, we concluded that chimpanzees behaved fairly in our recent study. However, we make a distinction between behavior and motivation. Both humans and chimpanzees behaved fairly, but determining why they did so is more challenging. PMID:23713135

  8. Pontage fémoro-fémoral croisé avec tunnulisation périnéale sous-scrotale pour une infection grave du triangle de scarpa

    PubMed Central

    Mrad, Melek Ben; Miri, Rim; Kaouel, Karim; Derbel, Bilel; Tarzi, Mariem; Ghedira, Faker; Kalfat, Tawfik; Mizouni, Hbiba; Khayati, Adel

    2015-01-01

    Nous décrivons dans cet article une technique de revascularisation des patients ayant une infection de prothèse vasculaire sus-crurale au niveau dutriangle de scarpa, et qui minimise le risque d'infection récurrente du greffon. Cette technique consiste en un pontage fémoro-fémoral croisé avec un tunnel périnéal sous-cutané loin du scarpa infecté que le tunnel classique sus-pubiensous-cutané ne permet pas. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient âgé de 52 ans, artéritique, multi-opérés, admis pour infection du scarpa droit sur un pontage fémoro-fémoral prothétique perméable, le patient a eu une explantation de ce pontage et une revascularisation par un pontage périnéal sous-scrotal veineux loin du site infectieux; l’évolution a été excellente et le pontage est encore perméable après deux ans de suivi. Le pontage fémoro-fémoral périnéal est une procédure exceptionnellement réalisée, mais qui peut constituer une vraie option thérapeutique de revascularisation chez les patients avec une infection du scarpa. PMID:26955419

  9. Proton microscopy at GSI and FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Merrill, Frank E; Mariam, Fesseha G; Golubev, A A; Turtikov, V I; Varentsov, D

    2009-01-01

    Proton radiography was invented in the 1990's at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) as a diagnostic to study dynamic material properties under extreme pressures, strain and strain rate. Since this time hundreds of dynamic proton radiography experiments have been performed at LANL and facilities have been commissioned at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Russia for similar applications in dynamic material studies. Recently an international collaboration was formed to develop a new proton radiography capability for the study of dynamic material properties at the Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research (FAIR) located at Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany. This new Proton microscope for FAIR (PRIOR) will provide radiographic imaging of dynamic systems with unprecedented spatial, temporal and density resolution, resulting in a window for understanding dynamic material properties at new length scales. These dynamic experiments will be driven with many energy sources including heavy ions, high explosives and lasers. The design of the proton microscope and expected radiographic performance is presented.

  10. The FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project.

    PubMed

    Gormley, R

    2001-08-01

    The goal of the FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project (FLAIR-FLOW 3) (1997-2000) was to disseminate R&D results from the EU FAIR programme to small and medium-sized food enterprises (SMEs), health professionals (HPs) and consumer groups (CGs) in 19 European countries. The dissemination routes were: (i) one-page technical documents on research results; (ii) their reproduction on the internet; (iii) their reproduction in journals Europe-wide; (iv) workshops on results from EU-supported food research programmes; and (v) lectures and poster presentations by FLAIR-FLOW network personnel. Of the 135 one-pagers produced, 62% were targeted at SMEs, 18% at HPs and 5% at CGs. The remaining 15% were on food safety and were common to the three target groups. There were 1047 publications arising from one-pages in trade journals, and over 8000 requests (paper route) were received for follow-up information. These were in addition to 240 k downloads from the FLAIR-FLOW 3 web site (www.flair-flow.com). Initiatives for HPs included specially collated versions of the one-pagers for major conferences, 20 focused workshops, and interaction with the European Federation of Associations of Dieticians. Currently, dissemination is continuing through FLAIR-FLOW 4 (2001-2003) in 24 countries. FLAIR-FLOW 4 is co-ordinated by M. Jean François Quillien from INRA-CRIAA (FR) at criaa@rennes.inra.fr.

  11. Une vie active saine pour les enfants et les adolescents

    PubMed Central

    2002-01-01

    De mauvais modes de vie, comme une alimentation malsaine et l’inactivité physique, sont d'importants facteurs contributifs à une augmentation de la morbidité et de la mortalité secondaires à des maladies chroniques à l’âge adulte. Depuis dix ans, on remarque une augmentation du mode de vie sédentaire et de l’obésité chez les enfants et les adolescents, tant en Amérique du Nord qu’ailleurs dans le monde. Les médecins doivent être conscients de l’importance du problème, fournir des conseils de prévention aux familles et promouvoir une vie active saine dans leur pratique.

  12. Description matricielle de l'anisotropie de la transition inter-sous-bande d'une structure à multi-puits quantiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boucher, Y. G.; Le Rouzo, J.; Ribet, I.; Haïdar, R.; Guérineau, N.

    2006-10-01

    Dans un puits quantique, les transitions radiatives inter-sous-bande sont telles que seule la composante du champ électrique parallèle à l'axe de croissance est affectée. Cette spécificité confère à l'absorption un caractère foncièrement anisotrope. Nous établissons la matrice de transfert d'une structure à multi-puits quantiques en assimilant chaque puits à une couche mince anisotrope uniaxe. À l'anisotropie intrinsèque (règles de sélection) se superpose une anisotropie structurelle (biréfringence de forme). Les symétries du système permettent néanmoins de découpler les états de polarisation (s) et (p).

  13. Ostéonécrose aseptique de la tête fémorale chez une patiente atteinte d'artérite de Takayasu

    PubMed Central

    Loukil, Hanen; Frikha, Faten; Snoussi, Mouna; Ben Salah, Raida; Bahloul, Zouhir

    2014-01-01

    L'ONA n'est pas une maladie spécifique, mais c'est l'aboutissement de diverses conditions pathologiques dont la plupart altère la circulation sanguine. Elle peut compliquer toutes les maladies systémiques et auto-immunes essentiellement le lupus érythémateux systémique. Sa survenue au cours de l'artérite de Takayasu a été exceptionnellement rapportée. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une femme âgée de 69 ans, et suivie pour artérite de Takayasu qui se présentait pour des douleurs de la hanche gauche. Un scanner de la hanche gauche avait confirmé le diagnostic d'une ostéonecrose aseptique de la tête fémorale gauche stade 3. PMID:25419330

  14. Tamponnade péricardique révélant un lupus érythémateux systémique au cours d'une leishmaniose viscérale atypique

    PubMed Central

    Ben Brahim, Hajer; Ben Nasr, Maha; Boussaid, Hela; Kooli, Ikbel; Aouam, Abir; Toumi, Adnene; Loussaief, Chawki; Chakroun, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    L'association de leishmaniose viscérale (LV) et lupus érythémateux systémique (LES) est rare et grave. La similitude des signes cliniques peut être responsables de difficultés diagnostiques surtout quand les deux pathologies se déclarent de façon concomitante. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une malade qui avait présenté une association grave et atypique de LV et LES qui se sont déclarés en même temps. La LV était atypique par l'absence du syndrome tumoral, de la fièvre et la négativité de la sérologie leishmaniose. Le LES jusque là méconnu était révélé par une poussée sévère avec différentes atteintes viscérales. L’évolution était favorable sous amphotéricine-B et corticothérapie. En cas d'association des deux pathologies une surveillance particulière est nécessaire à fin de diagnostiquer à temps une atteinte viscérale grave du LES et démarrer précocement une prise en charge étiologique et symptomatique qui est le seul garant de l’évolution favorable. PMID:25478044

  15. Remaking Science Fairs: Adaptations Create Science Conventions That Avoid the Typical Pitfalls of Science Fair Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harshbarger, Dena

    2016-01-01

    In her current role as an elementary science methods instructor at a small midwestern university, Dena Harshbarger wanted to help teachers restructure traditional science fairs into "science conventions" to more accurately reflect how scientists share their findings within a scientific community (Barth 2008). Traditional science fairs…

  16. Une spondylodiscite tuberculeuse chez une transplantée rénale compliquée d’une mycose systémique

    PubMed Central

    Haddiya, Intissar; El Housni, Siham; El Harraqui, Ryme; Rhou, Hakima; Benamar, Loubna; Eziatouni, Fatima; Ouzeddoun, Naima; Bayahia, Rabia

    2014-01-01

    En transplantation, les complications infectieuses sont fréquentes et de diagnostic souvent délicat. Elles peuvent coexister chez le transplanté rénal rendant leur diagnostic encore plus difficile. Le but de ce cas clinique est de discuter les difficultés diagnostiques et de surveillance de deux types de pathologies assez fréquentes chez le transplanté rénal, qui sont la tuberculose et la mycose, à travers l’observation clinique d’une patiente de 24 ans transplantée rénale qui présente une spondylodiscite tuberculeuse et qui développe secondairement une septicémie à Candida non albicans à point de départ urinaire dont le seul point d’appel est la fièvre post opératoire. PMID:25667684

  17. Résection laparoscopique d'une duplication gastrique chez l'adulte: traitement avec succès pour une pathologie rare

    PubMed Central

    Toumi, Omar; Hssine, Hiba Ben; Noomen, Faouzi; Jabra, Sadok Ben; Korbi, Ibtissem; Abdelmoula, Ali; Trimech, Mayada; Mansour, Wafa Ben; Faiez, Boughanmi; Khlifa, Mohamed Ben; Rabah, Hatem; Mahmoudi, Ammar; Nasr, Mohamed; Zouari, Khadija; Saffar, Hammouda; Hamdi, Abdel Aziz

    2015-01-01

    Les duplications de l'appareil digestif sont les malformations congénitales rares qui peuvent toucher tout l'appareil digestive depuis la bouche jusqu’ à l'anus. Certaines duplications sont asymptomatiques et sont diagnostiqués dans la plupart des cas pendant l'enfance. La prise en charge de la duplication gastrique est essentiellement chirurgicale. Le traitement de choix est l'exérèse complète de la duplication gastrique. Les auteurs rapportent un cas inhabituel de duplication gastrique complètement reséquée par laparoscopie. A notre connaissance, ceci est le premier cas d'une duplication gastrique traitée avec succès par laparoscopie dans la littérature Tunisienne. La Résection laparoscopique peut être ajoutée à l'arsenal thérapeutique dans le traitement chirurgical de duplications du tube digestif. PMID:26889326

  18. SE-FIT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, Yongkang; Weislogel, Mark; Schaeffer, Ben; Semerjian, Ben; Yang, Lihong; Zimmerli, Gregory

    2012-01-01

    The mathematical theory of capillary surfaces has developed steadily over the centuries, but it was not until the last few decades that new technologies have put a more urgent demand on a substantially more qualitative and quantitative understanding of phenomena relating to capillarity in general. So far, the new theory development successfully predicts the behavior of capillary surfaces for special cases. However, an efficient quantitative mathematical prediction of capillary phenomena related to the shape and stability of geometrically complex equilibrium capillary surfaces remains a significant challenge. As one of many numerical tools, the open-source Surface Evolver (SE) algorithm has played an important role over the last two decades. The current effort was undertaken to provide a front-end to enhance the accessibility of SE for the purposes of design and analysis. Like SE, the new code is open-source and will remain under development for the foreseeable future. The ultimate goal of the current Surface Evolver Fluid Interface Tool (SEFIT) development is to build a fully integrated front-end with a set of graphical user interface (GUI) elements. Such a front-end enables the access to functionalities that are developed along with the GUIs to deal with pre-processing, convergence computation operation, and post-processing. In other words, SE-FIT is not just a GUI front-end, but an integrated environment that can perform sophisticated computational tasks, e.g. importing industry standard file formats and employing parameter sweep functions, which are both lacking in SE, and require minimal interaction by the user. These functions are created using a mixture of Visual Basic and the SE script language. These form the foundation for a high-performance front-end that substantially simplifies use without sacrificing the proven capabilities of SE. The real power of SE-FIT lies in its automated pre-processing, pre-defined geometries, convergence computation operation

  19. Le traitement conservateur du cancer du sein: expérience d'une équipe tunisienne

    PubMed Central

    Dimassi, Kaouther; Gharsa, Anissa; Chanoufi, Mohammed Badis; Sfar, Ezzeddine; Chelli, Dalenda

    2014-01-01

    En Tunisie, le cancer du sein touche des femmes jeunes avec une taille moyenne au moment du diagnostic à 5 cm. Ces particularités font que la chirurgie radicale reste prédominante. Nous présentons dans ce travail l'expérience de notre équipe en matière de chirurgie conservatrice du cancer du sein. Le but de ce travail est d’évaluer les résultats de ce traitement. Etude rétrospective longitudinale, sur une période de 75 mois. Nous avons inclus toutes les patientes ayant bénéficié d'un traitement conservateur pour une tumeur maligne du sein. Ont été analysés: les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, les aspects radiologiques et histologiques. Le suivi des malades s'est basé sur la détection des récidives. Nous avons évalué le résultat esthétique à la fin de la radiothérapie. Le traitement conservateur a été réalisé dans 23.8% des cas. Le taux de récidives locales était de 6.8% avec une corrélation significative pour une taille tumorale > 30 mm (p= 0.009), l'association d'une composante intracanalaire (p= 0.035), le statut triple négatif (p= 0.003) et des marges d'exérèse < 5mm sans recoupes per-opératoires (p = 0.045). Les facteurs suivants étaient significativement liés au risque de survenue de métastases à distance: le statut triple négatif (p= 0.003), taille tumorale > 30mm (p = 0.006) et l'atteinte ganglionnaire (p = 0.001). Le résultat esthétique était satisfaisant dans 90% des cas. L'augmentation du nombre de patientes pouvant bénéficier d'une chirurgie conservatrice, doit passer impérativement par le développement et la promotion du diagnostic précoce et du dépistage par la mammographie. PMID:25810795

  20. Myélome multiple survenant au cours d'une Fièvre Méditerranéenne Familiale

    PubMed Central

    Salem, Bouomrani; Afef, Farah; Nadia, Bouassida; Nabil, Ayadi; Zouhir, Bahloul; Maher, Béji

    2013-01-01

    L'objectif de ce travail est de rapporter une observation particulière de myélome multiple survenant au cours d'une maladie périodique. Il s'agit d'un patient tunisien de 53 ans suivi depuis le jeune âge pour maladie périodique dont le diagnostic était confirmé par l’étude génétique montrant l'homozygotie pour la mutation M694V du gène MEFV, fut admis pour exploration d'une douleur avec tuméfaction fessière droite récente. Les explorations biologiques et radiologiques ont permis de retenir le diagnostic d'un myélome multiple de type IgA à chaînes légères kappa stade III B, associé à une volumineuse localisation plasmocytaire très agressive de l'aile iliaque droite envahissant les structures musculaires avoisinantes. Notre observation, qui à notre connaissance est la deuxième signalant une telle association, se distingue par sa survenue brutale, sa progression rapide et le caractère très agressif de l'hémopathie. PMID:24255729

  1. Volvulus grêlique sur hydatidose péritonéale: une cause rare d'occlusion

    PubMed Central

    Bouassria, Abdesslam; Mazine, Khalid; Elbouhaddouti, Hicham; Mouaqit, Ouadii; Ousadden, Abdelmalek; Mazaz, Khalid; Benjelloun, Elbachir; Taleb, Khalid Ait

    2014-01-01

    L'hydatidose péritonéale peut être primitive, hématogène ou hétérotopique, comme elle peut être secondaire et résulte de la fissuration d'un kyste hydatique, le plus souvent hépatique. Cliniquement polymorphe, elle peut se révéler par des douleurs abdominales ou par la palpation d'une masse abdominale. Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente chez qui l'hydatidose péritonéale était révélée par un accident occlusif: un volvulus grêlique dû à un volumineux kyste hydatique mésentérique. Le traitement de l'hydatidose péritonéale est chirurgical, couplé à un traitement médical à base d'albendazole. PMID:25400846

  2. Les tumeurs glomiques de la main: une étude rétrospective de 11 cas

    PubMed Central

    Boussakri, Hassan; Elibrahimi, Abdelhalim; Hahem, Chafik; Bachiri, Mohammed; Hammas, Nawal; Elidrissi, Mohammed; Shimi, Mohamed; Roux, Jean Luc; Elmrini, Abdelmajid

    2016-01-01

    Tumeur glomique selon MASSON est une prolifération neuro-myo-arterielle bénigne. Elle représente environ 1% -5% de toutes les tumeurs de la main. La douleur est le signe clinique principal. Le diagnostic de certitude repose sur un faisceau d’arguments: clinique et radiologique, mais seul l’histologie qui permet la confirmation. Une série de 11 patientsa été revue rétrospectivement, l’âge moyen était de 36,27ans avec un recul moyen de 34,40 mois, et des extrêmes de 8 et 48 ans. L’exérèse chirurgicale étaitréalisée chez tous les patients. Cette stratégie nous a permis d’obtenir des résultats satisfaisants. PMID:27800115

  3. Hub and pylon fairing integration for helicopter drag reduction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martin, D. M.; Mort, R. W.; Squires, P. K.; Young, L. A.

    1991-01-01

    The results of testing hub and pylon fairings mounted on a one-fifth scale helicopter with the goal of reducing parasite drag are presented. Lift, drag, and pitching moment, as well as side force and yawing moment, were measured. The primary objective of the test was to validate the drag reduction capability of integrated hub and pylon configurations in the aerodynamic environment produced by a rotating hub in forward flight. In addition to the baseline helicopter without fairings, three hub fairings and three pylon fairings were tested in various combinations. The three hub fairings tested reflect two different conceptual design approaches to implementing an integrated fairing configuration on an actual aircraft. The design philosophy is discussed in detail and comparisons are made between the wind tunnel models and potential full-scale prototypes. The data show that model drag can be reduced by as much as 20.8 percent by combining a small hub fairing with circular arc upper and flat lower surfaces and a nontapered 34-percent thick pylon fairing. Aerodynamic effects caused by the fairings, which may have a significant impact on static longitudinal and directional stability, were observed. The results support previous research which showed that the greatest reduction in model drag is achieved if the hub and pylon fairings are integrated with minimum gap between the two.

  4. Nuclear astrophysics with radioactive ions at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reifarth, R.; Altstadt, S.; Göbel, K.; Heftrich, T.; Heil, M.; Koloczek, A.; Langer, C.; Plag, R.; Pohl, M.; Sonnabend, K.; Weigand, M.; Adachi, T.; Aksouh, F.; Al-Khalili, J.; AlGarawi, M.; AlGhamdi, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alkhomashi, N.; Alvarez-Pol, H.; Alvarez-Rodriguez, R.; Andreev, V.; Andrei, B.; Atar, L.; Aumann, T.; Avdeichikov, V.; Bacri, C.; Bagchi, S.; Barbieri, C.; Beceiro, S.; Beck, C.; Beinrucker, C.; Belier, G.; Bemmerer, D.; Bendel, M.; Benlliure, J.; Benzoni, G.; Berjillos, R.; Bertini, D.; Bertulani, C.; Bishop, S.; Blasi, N.; Bloch, T.; Blumenfeld, Y.; Bonaccorso, A.; Boretzky, K.; Botvina, A.; Boudard, A.; Boutachkov, P.; Boztosun, I.; Bracco, A.; Brambilla, S.; Briz Monago, J.; Caamano, M.; Caesar, C.; Camera, F.; Casarejos, E.; Catford, W.; Cederkall, J.; Cederwall, B.; Chartier, M.; Chatillon, A.; Cherciu, M.; Chulkov, L.; Coleman-Smith, P.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Crespi, F.; Crespo, R.; Cresswell, J.; Csatlós, M.; Déchery, F.; Davids, B.; Davinson, T.; Derya, V.; Detistov, P.; Diaz Fernandez, P.; DiJulio, D.; Dmitry, S.; Doré, D.; Dueñas, J.; Dupont, E.; Egelhof, P.; Egorova, I.; Elekes, Z.; Enders, J.; Endres, J.; Ershov, S.; Ershova, O.; Fernandez-Dominguez, B.; Fetisov, A.; Fiori, E.; Fomichev, A.; Fonseca, M.; Fraile, L.; Freer, M.; Friese, J.; Borge, M. G.; Galaviz Redondo, D.; Gannon, S.; Garg, U.; Gasparic, I.; Gasques, L.; Gastineau, B.; Geissel, H.; Gernhäuser, R.; Ghosh, T.; Gilbert, M.; Glorius, J.; Golubev, P.; Gorshkov, A.; Gourishetty, A.; Grigorenko, L.; Gulyas, J.; Haiduc, M.; Hammache, F.; Harakeh, M.; Hass, M.; Heine, M.; Hennig, A.; Henriques, A.; Herzberg, R.; Holl, M.; Ignatov, A.; Ignatyuk, A.; Ilieva, S.; Ivanov, M.; Iwasa, N.; Jakobsson, B.; Johansson, H.; Jonson, B.; Joshi, P.; Junghans, A.; Jurado, B.; Körner, G.; Kalantar, N.; Kanungo, R.; Kelic-Heil, A.; Kezzar, K.; Khan, E.; Khanzadeev, A.; Kiselev, O.; Kogimtzis, M.; Körper, D.; Kräckmann, S.; Kröll, T.; Krücken, R.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Kratz, J.; Kresan, D.; Krings, T.; Krumbholz, A.; Krupko, S.; Kulessa, R.; Kumar, S.; Kurz, N.; Kuzmin, E.; Labiche, M.; Langanke, K.; Lazarus, I.; Le Bleis, T.; Lederer, C.; Lemasson, A.; Lemmon, R.; Liberati, V.; Litvinov, Y.; Löher, B.; Lopez Herraiz, J.; Münzenberg, G.; Machado, J.; Maev, E.; Mahata, K.; Mancusi, D.; Marganiec, J.; Martinez Perez, M.; Marusov, V.; Mengoni, D.; Million, B.; Morcelle, V.; Moreno, O.; Movsesyan, A.; Nacher, E.; Najafi, M.; Nakamura, T.; Naqvi, F.; Nikolski, E.; Nilsson, T.; Nociforo, C.; Nolan, P.; Novatsky, B.; Nyman, G.; Ornelas, A.; Palit, R.; Pandit, S.; Panin, V.; Paradela, C.; Parkar, V.; Paschalis, S.; Pawłowski, P.; Perea, A.; Pereira, J.; Petrache, C.; Petri, M.; Pickstone, S.; Pietralla, N.; Pietri, S.; Pivovarov, Y.; Potlog, P.; Prokofiev, A.; Rastrepina, G.; Rauscher, T.; Ribeiro, G.; Ricciardi, M.; Richter, A.; Rigollet, C.; Riisager, K.; Rios, A.; Ritter, C.; Rodriguez Frutos, T.; Rodriguez Vignote, J.; Röder, M.; Romig, C.; Rossi, D.; Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Rout, P.; Roy, S.; Söderström, P.; Saha Sarkar, M.; Sakuta, S.; Salsac, M.; Sampson, J.; Sanchez, J.; Rio Saez, del; Sanchez Rosado, J.; Sanjari, S.; Sarriguren, P.; Sauerwein, A.; Savran, D.; Scheidenberger, C.; Scheit, H.; Schmidt, S.; Schmitt, C.; Schnorrenberger, L.; Schrock, P.; Schwengner, R.; Seddon, D.; Sherrill, B.; Shrivastava, A.; Sidorchuk, S.; Silva, J.; Simon, H.; Simpson, E.; Singh, P.; Slobodan, D.; Sohler, D.; Spieker, M.; Stach, D.; Stan, E.; Stanoiu, M.; Stepantsov, S.; Stevenson, P.; Strieder, F.; Stuhl, L.; Suda, T.; Sümmerer, K.; Streicher, B.; Taieb, J.; Takechi, M.; Tanihata, I.; Taylor, J.; Tengblad, O.; Ter-Akopian, G.; Terashima, S.; Teubig, P.; Thies, R.; Thoennessen, M.; Thomas, T.; Thornhill, J.; Thungstrom, G.; Timar, J.; Togano, Y.; Tomohiro, U.; Tornyi, T.; Tostevin, J.; Townsley, C.; Trautmann, W.; Trivedi, T.; Typel, S.; Uberseder, E.; Udias, J.; Uesaka, T.; Uvarov, L.; Vajta, Z.; Velho, P.; Vikhrov, V.; Volknandt, M.; Volkov, V.; von Neumann-Cosel, P.; von Schmid, M.; Wagner, A.; Wamers, F.; Weick, H.; Wells, D.; Westerberg, L.; Wieland, O.; Wiescher, M.; Wimmer, C.; Wimmer, K.; Winfield, J. S.; Winkel, M.; Woods, P.; Wyss, R.; Yakorev, D.; Yavor, M.; Zamora Cardona, J.; Zartova, I.; Zerguerras, T.; Zgura, M.; Zhdanov, A.; Zhukov, M.; Zieblinski, M.; Zilges, A.; Zuber, K.

    2016-01-01

    The nucleosynthesis of elements beyond iron is dominated by neutron captures in the s and r processes. However, 32 stable, proton-rich isotopes cannot be formed during those processes, because they are shielded from the s-process flow and r-process, β-decay chains. These nuclei are attributed to the p and rp process. For all those processes, current research in nuclear astrophysics addresses the need for more precise reaction data involving radioactive isotopes. Depending on the particular reaction, direct or inverse kinematics, forward or time-reversed direction are investigated to determine or at least to constrain the desired reaction cross sections. The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) will offer unique, unprecedented opportunities to investigate many of the important reactions. The high yield of radioactive isotopes, even far away from the valley of stability, allows the investigation of isotopes involved in processes as exotic as the r or rp processes.

  5. Compressed baryonic matter at FAIR: JINR participation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurilkin, P.; Ladygin, V.; Malakhov, A.; Senger, P.

    2015-11-01

    The scientific mission of the Compressed Baryonic Matter(CBM) experiment is the study of the nuclear matter properties at the high baryon densities in heavy ion collisions at the Facility of Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt. We present the results on JINR participation in the CBM experiment. JINR teams are responsible on the design, the coordination of superconducting(SC) magnet manufacture, its testing and installation in CBM cave. Together with Silicon Tracker System it will provide the momentum resolution better 1% for different configuration of CBM setup. The characteristics and technical aspects of the magnet are discussed. JINR plays also a significant role in the manufacture of two straw tracker station for the muon detection system. JINR team takes part in the development of new method for simulation, processing and analysis experimental data for different basic detectors of CBM.

  6. Fairness as partiality aversion: the development of procedural justice.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Alex; Olson, Kristina

    2014-03-01

    Adults and children dislike inequity-people being paid unequally for equal work. However, adults will allow inequity if the inequity is determined using an impartial procedure, indicating that they value procedural justice. It is unknown whether children value procedural justice when distributing resources. We investigated whether 5- to 8-year-old children would willingly create inequity between two recipients if they could do so using an impartial procedure. In Experiment 1, children preferred to use an impartial procedure (spinning a wheel that gave both recipients an equal chance to get a resource) over a partial procedure (spinning a wheel that gave one recipient a much better chance to get the resource). In Experiments 2 and 3, children preferred to use the same impartial procedure to assign a resource to one of two recipients, even over an option of keeping things equal by throwing the resource in the trash. Importantly, children preferred to throw the resource in the trash to uphold equality when the only other option was a partial procedure. Older children showed a stronger aversion to using partial procedures than younger children. These results suggest that children value procedural justice increasingly during middle childhood and that their fairness concerns may be more about avoiding partiality than inequity per se.

  7. Neural segregation of objective and contextual aspects of fairness

    PubMed Central

    Wright, Nicholas D; Symmonds, Mkael; Fleming, Stephen M; Dolan, Raymond J

    2011-01-01

    Perception of fairness can influence outcomes in human exchange. However, an inherent subjectivity in attribution renders it difficult to manipulate fairness experimentally. Here using a modified Ultimatum Game, within a varying social context, we induced a bias in human subjects’ acceptance of objectively identical offers. To explain this fairness-related behaviour we use a computational model to specify metrics for the objective and contextual aspects of fairness, testing for correlations between these model parameters and brain activity determined using fMRI. We show that objective social inequality, as defined by our model, is tracked in posterior insula cortex. Crucially, this inequality is integrated with social context in posterior and mid-insula, consistent with construction of a fairness motivation that flexibly adapted to the social environment. We suggest the dual importance of objective and contextual aspects to fairness we highlight might explain seemingly inconsistent societal phenomena, including public attitudes to income disparities. PMID:21471359

  8. How to do research fairly in an unjust world.

    PubMed

    Ballantyne, Angela J

    2010-06-01

    International research, sponsored by for-profit companies, is regularly criticised as unethical on the grounds that it exploits research subjects in developing countries. Many commentators agree that exploitation occurs when the benefits of cooperative activity are unfairly distributed between the parties. To determine whether international research is exploitative we therefore need an account of fair distribution. Procedural accounts of fair bargaining have been popular solutions to this problem, but I argue that they are insufficient to protect against exploitation. I argue instead that a maximin principle of fair distribution provides a more compelling normative account of fairness in relationships characterised by extreme vulnerability and inequality of bargaining potential between the parties. A global tax on international research would provide a mechanism for implementing the maximin account of fair benefits. This model has the capacity to ensure fair benefits and thereby prevent exploitation in international research.

  9. Parallel job scheduling policies to improve fairness : a case study.

    SciTech Connect

    Leung, Vitus Joseph; Sabin, Gerald; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

    2008-02-01

    Balancing fairness, user performance, and system performance is a critical concern when developing and installing parallel schedulers. Sandia uses a customized scheduler to manage many of their parallel machines. A primary function of the scheduler is to ensure that the machines have good utilization and that users are treated in a 'fair' manner. A separate compute process allocator (CPA) ensures that the jobs on the machines are not too fragmented in order to maximize throughput. Until recently, there has been no established technique to measure the fairness of parallel job schedulers. This paper introduces a 'hybrid' fairness metric that is similar to recently proposed metrics. The metric uses the Sandia version of a 'fairshare' queuing priority as the basis for fairness. The hybrid fairness metric is used to evaluate a Sandia workload. Using these results, multiple scheduling strategies are introduced to improve performance while satisfying user and system performance constraints.

  10. How to do research fairly in an unjust world.

    PubMed

    Ballantyne, Angela J

    2010-06-01

    International research, sponsored by for-profit companies, is regularly criticised as unethical on the grounds that it exploits research subjects in developing countries. Many commentators agree that exploitation occurs when the benefits of cooperative activity are unfairly distributed between the parties. To determine whether international research is exploitative we therefore need an account of fair distribution. Procedural accounts of fair bargaining have been popular solutions to this problem, but I argue that they are insufficient to protect against exploitation. I argue instead that a maximin principle of fair distribution provides a more compelling normative account of fairness in relationships characterised by extreme vulnerability and inequality of bargaining potential between the parties. A global tax on international research would provide a mechanism for implementing the maximin account of fair benefits. This model has the capacity to ensure fair benefits and thereby prevent exploitation in international research. PMID:20526966

  11. Partner choice, fairness, and the extension of morality.

    PubMed

    Baumard, Nicolas; André, Jean-Baptiste; Sperber, Dan

    2013-02-01

    Our discussion of the commentaries begins, at the evolutionary level, with issues raised by our account of the evolution of morality in terms of partner-choice mutualism. We then turn to the cognitive level and the characterization and workings of fairness. In a final section, we discuss the degree to which our fairness-based approach to morality extends to norms that are commonly considered moral even though they are distinct from fairness.

  12. The developmental origins of fairness: the knowledge-behavior gap.

    PubMed

    Blake, Peter R; McAuliffe, Katherine; Warneken, Felix

    2014-11-01

    Recent research in developmental psychology shows that children understand several principles of fairness by 3 years of age, much earlier than previously believed. However, children's knowledge of fairness does not always align with their behavior, and immediate self-interest alone cannot explain this gap. In this forum paper, we consider two factors that influence the relation between fairness knowledge and behavior: relative advantage and how rewards are acquired.

  13. 7 CFR 51.1830 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1830 Section 51.1830... Definitions § 51.1830 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that the surface of the fruit may have green color which does not exceed the aggregate area of a circle 1-1/4 inches (31.8 mm) in diameter...

  14. Une alternative au cobalt pour la synthese de nanotubes de carbone monoparoi par plasma inductif thermique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carrier, Jean-Francois

    Les nanotubes de carbone de type monoparoi (C-SWNT) sont une classe recente de nanomateriaux qui ont fait leur apparition en 1991. L'interet qu'on leur accorde provient des nombreuses proprietes d'avant-plan qu'ils possedent. Leur resistance mecanique serait des plus rigide, tout comme ils peuvent conduire l'electricite et la chaleur d'une maniere inegalee. Non moins, les C-SWNT promettent de devenir une nouvelle classe de plateforme moleculaire, en servant de site d'attache pour des groupements reactifs. Les promesses de ce type particulier de nanomateriau sont nombreuses, la question aujourd'hui est de comment les realiser. La technologie de synthese par plasma inductif thermique se situe avantageusement pour la qualite de ses produits, sa productivite et les faibles couts d'operation. Par contre, des recherches recentes ont permis de mettre en lumiere des risques d'expositions reliees a l'utilisation du cobalt, comme catalyseur de synthese; son elimination ou bien son remplacement est devenu une preoccupation importante. Quatre recettes alternatives ont ete mises a l'essai afin de trouver une alternative plus securitaire a la recette de base; un melange catalytique ternaire, compose de nickel, de cobalt et d'oxyde d'yttrium. La premiere consiste essentiellement a remplacer la proportion massique de cobalt par du nickel, qui etait deja present dans la recette de base. Les trois options suivantes contiennent de nouveaux catalyseurs, en remplacement au Co, qui sont apparus dans plusieurs recherches scientifiques au courant des dernieres annees: le dioxyde de zircone (ZrO2), dioxyde de manganese (MnO2) et le molybdene (Mo). La methode utilisee consiste a vaporiser la matiere premiere, sous forme solide, dans un reacteur plasma a haute frequence (3 MHz) a paroi refroidi. Apres le passage dans le plasma, le systeme traverse une section dite de "croissance", isolee thermiquement a l'aide de graphite, afin de maintenir une certaine plage de temperature favorable a la

  15. Development of a Tracking System of Exotic Nuclear Beams for FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Fernandez, B.; Abou-Haidar, Z.; Alvarez, M. A. G.; Pancin, J.; Drouart, A.; Kebbiri, M.; Riallot, M.

    2010-04-26

    New accelerators like SPIRAL2 (GANIL, France) or FAIR (GSI, Germany) will be soon constructed, and they will be able to produce radioactive ion beams (RIB) with high intensities of current (>=10{sup 6} pps). These beams, at low energy, lower than 20 MeV/n, usually have high emittance, which imposes the use of tracking detectors before the target in order to reconstruct the trajectory of the ions. The group of Nuclear Physics at CNA (Centro Nacional de Aceleradores), is in charge of developing a tracking system for the low energy branch of FAIR (the HISPEC/DESPEC project). A collaboration with CEA-SACLAY was established, with the aim of developing, building and testing low pressure Secondary electron Detectors (SeD). Within this proposal we have projected and constructed a new Nuclear Physics Line in the CNA in order to be able to receive any kind of detector tests and the associated nuclear instruments.

  16. 7 CFR 51.494b - Fairly well netted.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL... covered with fairly good netting....

  17. La pseudarthrose du col fémoral traitée par prothèse totale de la hanche: à propos de 15 cas

    PubMed Central

    Chagou, Aniss; Bassir, Réda Allah; Rhanim, Abdelkarim; Lahlou, Abdou; Bardouni, Ahmed; Mahfoud, Moustapha; Saleh Berrada, Mohammed; El Yaacoubi, Moradh

    2014-01-01

    La pseudarthrose du col fémoral est une complication redoutée de la facture du col fémoral, elle est due soit à une négligence thérapeutique, soit à une ostéosynthèse imparfaite. Plusieurs facteurs sont incriminés dans sa genèse, l’âge, les caractéristiques de la fracture, l’état de la tête fémorale, et une ostéosynthèse non solide. Le diagnostic des pseudarthroses est essentiellement radiologique. Le traitement reste encore difficile et mal codifié, les limites entre traitement conservateur et arthroplastie de la hanche ne sont pas encore bien définies. Nous rapportons une série de 15 cas de pseudarthrose du col fémoral traités par arthroplastie de la hanche au service de traumato-orthopédie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rabat de 2008 à 2014 soit un recul de 40 mois en moyenne. Nos patients ont bénéficié d'une évaluation clinique et radiologique. L’âge de nos patients varie entre 48 et 81 ans, avec une moyenne de 69,2 ans. 85% d'entre eux sont âgés de plus de 60 ans. Nous avons dans notre série une prédominance féminine, soit 8 femmes pour 7 hommes. La négligence thérapeutique est la cause de la majorité des pseudarthroses du col du fémur traitées dans notre série. Par ailleurs, nous avons utilisé exclusivement la voie d'abord postéro externe de Moore. Nous avons mis en place une prothèse totale de couple polyéthylène-métal chez tous les patients, ces prothèses étaient cimentées chez 12 patients. Le résultat fonctionnel a été coté selon la classification de Merle d'Aubigné. Nos résultats ont été jugés bons selon cette cotation. L'arthroplastie totale de la hanche a une place importante dans le traitement des pseudarthroses du col fémoral et peut donner des résultats satisfaisants en permettant de récupérer une hanche mobile et indolore. PMID:25667720

  18. When do procedural fairness and outcome fairness interact to influence employees' work attitudes and behaviors? The moderating effect of uncertainty.

    PubMed

    De Cremer, David; Brockner, Joel; Fishman, Ariel; van Dijke, Marius; van Olffen, Woody; Mayer, David M

    2010-03-01

    Prior research has shown that procedural fairness interacts with outcome fairness to influence employees' work attitudes (e.g., organizational commitment) and behaviors (e.g., job performance, organizational citizenship behavior), such that employees' tendencies to respond more positively to higher procedural fairness are stronger when outcome fairness is relatively low. In the present studies, we posited that people's uncertainty about their standing as organizational members would have a moderating influence on this interactive relationship between procedural fairness and outcome fairness, in that the interactive relationship was expected to be more pronounced when uncertainty was high. Using different operationalizations of uncertainty of standing (i.e., length of tenure as a proxy, along with self-reports and coworkers' reports), we found support for this hypothesis in 4 field studies spanning 3 different countries.

  19. BOOK REVIEW: Science Fair Projects: Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reynolds, Helen

    2000-11-01

    I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose. Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or sometimes two, and a procedure detailing what the student should do follow this. The materials to be used are those you should be able to find at home, and safety guidelines as well as places the student needs adult help are clearly marked. Every project asks the student to write down the results of their experiment and decide whether or not their hypothesis was correct. There are also suggestions for taking each project further. Some of these projects are standard experiments that you may already do with students in class, for example, making plasticine boats, string telephones and levers. Most are interesting twists on standard experiments such as using a wedge as a simple machine, home-made spinning toys and the experiments with light bulbs. The latter are the only real cause for concern if students were to do these things at home as adult supervision would be essential. This is obviously an American book, though. Teachers in British classrooms would need to work out how to deal with the references to temperature in Fahrenheit and mass in ounces. Length is usually given in centimetres as well as inches. Translations of soda bottles and bobby pins would also be needed. This book is designed to be full of ideas and to give structure to projects students can do at home, not to provide ideas that you can transport into the classroom. It does this very well and I would recommend it to anyone thinking of starting up a Science Fair. Alternatively, this is an excellent resource for more interesting homework assignments that would put more responsibility on the student and give them something fun to do.

  20. Kyste dermoïde géant de la paroi abdominale: une observation rare

    PubMed Central

    Yaka, Mbarek; Ehirchiou, Abdelkader; Alkandry, Sifeddine; Zentar, Aziz

    2015-01-01

    Les kystes dermoïdes sont des lésions bénignes fréquentes. Ils peuvent être volumineux et entrainer une destruction des tissus avoisinants surtout au niveau du crâne. Ces kystes dermoïdes sont le plus souvent de localisation ovarienne ou testiculaire mais d'autres localisations, principalement axiales, sont décrites. Le kyste dermoïde de la paroi abdominale est rare. Quant aux volumineux kystes, ils sont encore plus rares. La possibilité de leur dégénérescence impose une exérèse chirurgicale. Nous rapportons un cas rare de kyste dermoïde géant de la paroi abdominale antérolatérale, qui peut poser un problème de diagnostic différentiel avec le un kyste hydatique, surtout dans un pays endémique comme le Maroc. PMID:26327968

  1. Political risk in fair market value estimates

    SciTech Connect

    Gruy, H.J.; Hartsock, J.H.

    1996-09-01

    Political risk arises from unstable governments, commercial establishments and infrastructure as well as labor unrest. All these factors vary from country to country and from time to time. Banks and insurance companies quantify these risks, but they are reluctant to divulge their opinions for fear of alienating possible customers that have been assigned a high risk. An investment in a fixed property such as an oil and gas lease, concession or other mineral interest is subject to political risk. No one will deny that money to be received several years in the future has a greater value today in a country with a stable government, stable tax regime, a sound economy and reliable labor force than in a Third World country where a revolution is brewing. Even in stable countries, the risk of tax law changes, exorbitant environmental production regulations and cleanup costs may vary. How do these factors affect fair market value and how are these calculations made? An important consideration discussed in this paper is the treatment of capital investments.

  2. Fair loss-tolerant quantum coin flipping

    SciTech Connect

    Berlin, Guido; Brassard, Gilles; Bussieres, Felix; Godbout, Nicolas

    2009-12-15

    Coin flipping is a cryptographic primitive in which two spatially separated players, who do not trust each other, wish to establish a common random bit. If we limit ourselves to classical communication, this task requires either assumptions on the computational power of the players or it requires them to send messages to each other with sufficient simultaneity to force their complete independence. Without such assumptions, all classical protocols are so that one dishonest player has complete control over the outcome. If we use quantum communication, on the other hand, protocols have been introduced that limit the maximal bias that dishonest players can produce. However, those protocols would be very difficult to implement in practice because they are susceptible to realistic losses on the quantum channel between the players or in their quantum memory and measurement apparatus. In this paper, we introduce a quantum protocol and we prove that it is completely impervious to loss. The protocol is fair in the sense that either player has the same probability of success in cheating attempts at biasing the outcome of the coin flip. We also give explicit and optimal cheating strategies for both players.

  3. Fair loss-tolerant quantum coin flipping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berlín, Guido; Brassard, Gilles; Bussières, Félix; Godbout, Nicolas

    2009-12-01

    Coin flipping is a cryptographic primitive in which two spatially separated players, who do not trust each other, wish to establish a common random bit. If we limit ourselves to classical communication, this task requires either assumptions on the computational power of the players or it requires them to send messages to each other with sufficient simultaneity to force their complete independence. Without such assumptions, all classical protocols are so that one dishonest player has complete control over the outcome. If we use quantum communication, on the other hand, protocols have been introduced that limit the maximal bias that dishonest players can produce. However, those protocols would be very difficult to implement in practice because they are susceptible to realistic losses on the quantum channel between the players or in their quantum memory and measurement apparatus. In this paper, we introduce a quantum protocol and we prove that it is completely impervious to loss. The protocol is fair in the sense that either player has the same probability of success in cheating attempts at biasing the outcome of the coin flip. We also give explicit and optimal cheating strategies for both players.

  4. Une porte optique intensificatrice picoseconde a gain eleve: Caracterisation et application potentielle en imagerie de petits objets places dans des milieux diffusants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marengo, Stephanie

    Dans cette etude, nous avons developpe un amplificateur a colorant possedant ces deux caracteristiques. Le colorant choisi, l'iodure de 3,3'-dimethyloxatricarbocyanine (methyl-DOTCI), possede un epaulement dans la bande d'absorption a 620 nm ce qui convient bien a notre pompe femtoseconde. De plus, son maximum de fluorescence est a 720 nm ce qui est particulierement interessant dans le cas des etudes avec des tissus biologiques humains. En effet, la fenetre dite "therapeutique" se situe dans les longueurs d'onde rouge et proche infrarouge. Le phenomene d'amplification, qui se produit dans des conditions experimentales precises, est en fait une emission stimulee du colorant qui est largement favorisee par rapport a sa fluorescence naturelle (emission spontanee). L'arrivee du signal incident, dont la longueur d'onde correspond au saut energetique entre l'etat fondamental et l'etat excite ou se trouvent les molecules, provoque une avalanche coherente de celles-ci vers l'etat fondamental generant ainsi l'emission stimulee. Une des conditions necessaires pour l'obtention d'un gain eleve est que la duree de l'impulsion de pompe soit inferieure au temps de relaxation des molecules ainsi qu'inferieure au temps requis pour effectuer un trajet dans la cellule de colorant. Ceci nous a permis d'amplifier un signal incident par un facteur entre 103 et 104. De plus, ce gain eleve n'est observe qu'a l'interieur d'une fenetre temporelle d'environ 10 picosecondes. Nous avons integre cet amplificateur a notre montage de transillumination afin d'acquerir des images d'un patron de lignes opaques immerge dans un milieu diffusant liquide. Des images de lignes ayant une resolution spatiale de 200 mum ont ete obtenues. La cible etait placee au centre d'un melange contenant des proportions variables de lait et d'eau. Deux longueurs de trajet optique dans la solution ont ete utilisees: 30 et 50 mm. Pour determiner les proprietes optiques de notre milieu diffusant, nous avons mis au point

  5. Maladie de Kaposi compliquant une aplasie médullaire

    PubMed Central

    Lamchahab, Mouna; Oukkache, Bouchra; Marouan, Sofia; Quessar, Asmae; Benchekroun, Said

    2014-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient marocain de 40 ans, suivi pour aplasie médullaire sous traitement immunosuppresseur et ayant présenté 6 mois après le début du traitement une MK iatrogène. L'histologie cutanée a permis de poser le diagnostic et était en faveur d'une MK. Le traitement consistait à des cures de Bléomycine avec une évolution favorable. Notre cas illustre l'intérêt d'un suivi régulier des patients sous immunosuppresseurs. Cette forme particulière de MK constitue un vrai défi thérapeutique pour le praticien. PMID:25422687

  6. The Chesapeake College Social Sciences Exposition and Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gregory, Conway

    A Social Sciences Exposition and Fair has been conducted annually by Chesapeake College since 1978 as part of an effort to involve high school students and community organizations in competitive, academic events related to the social sciences and history, and to encourage faculty to participate in student recruitment. The first fair, held in…

  7. Boulder Experiments: An Environmental Fair. Profiles of Promise 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Karen B.

    A group of Boulder, Colorado, high school students and townspeople conducted a two-day community environmental fair in the downtown street of Boulder. The fair, providing various instructive experiments depicting alternatives for Boulder's future social and physical environment, grew out of the Student Assisted Development of Materials for…

  8. On the Fairness of the Higher Education in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Min

    2012-01-01

    With the establishment of the socialist market economic system in China, the issue of social fairness has been paid more and more attentions. The fairness issue of higher education, which is responsible for training high-quality talents for the national economy construction, has become the focus of attention. We discuss and research on the…

  9. Assessing Statistical Aspects of Test Fairness with Structural Equation Modelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Rex B.

    2013-01-01

    Test fairness and test bias are not synonymous concepts. Test bias refers to statistical evidence that the psychometrics or interpretation of test scores depend on group membership, such as gender or race, when such differences are not expected. A test that is grossly biased may be judged to be unfair, but test fairness concerns the broader, more…

  10. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING... § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  11. 45 CFR 400.83 - Mediation and fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Mediation and fair hearings. 400.83 Section 400.83 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR... Employment § 400.83 Mediation and fair hearings. (a) Mediation—(1) Public/private RCA program. The State...

  12. 32 CFR 552.83 - Standards of fairness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Standards of fairness. 552.83 Section 552.83....83 Standards of fairness. (a) No finance charge contracted for, made, or received under any contract... which the company is chartered or does business shall apply. (b) No contract or loan agreement...

  13. Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Bruce D.; Sciarra, David G.; Farrie, Danielle

    2010-01-01

    Building a more accurate, reliable and consistent method of analyzing how states fund public education starts with a critical question: What is fair school funding? In this report, "fair" school funding is defined as a state finance system that ensures equal educational opportunity by providing a sufficient level of funding distributed to…

  14. Power Restriction and Policy Overview in Educational Fairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Weina

    2007-01-01

    Different historical contexts endow educational fairness with different historical missions. The operation of resource allocation powers, the introduction of new elements into strata polarization, and the authoritative allocation of public policies all add to the complexity of interpreting educational fairness. The key problem, however, does not…

  15. Fair Trade Flowers: Global Certification, Environmental Sustainability, and Labor Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raynolds, Laura T.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the organization of the fair trade flower industry, integration of Ecuadorian enterprises into these networks, and power of certification to address key environmental and social concerns on participating estates. Pursuing a social regulatory approach, I locate fair trade within the field of new institutions that establish and…

  16. Development of Teachers' Attitude Scale towards Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tortop, Hasan Said

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to develop a new scale for measuring teachers' attitude towards science fair. Teacher Attitude Scale towards Science Fair (TASSF) is an inventory made up of 19 items and five dimensions. The study included such stages as literature review, the preparation of the item pool and the reliability and validity analysis. First of…

  17. The Science Fair: A New Look at an Old Tradition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McComas, William F.

    2011-01-01

    As a science teacher educator and former science teacher, the author has long known that the science fair should be part of his professional experience, but he had not given it much thought until recently. As he worked with his daughter's project, he became convinced that it is time to reconsider the range of activities one calls "science fairs."…

  18. The Road to Stress-Free Science Fairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrier, Sarah J.

    2006-01-01

    While few disagree that science fair projects have great potential for student learning, the preparation and execution of projects can be stressful for teachers, students, and parents alike. While working as a fourth-grade teacher, the author's goal was to provide students with a science fair experience minus the pressure of trying to figure out…

  19. Non-Traditional Characteristics of a Successful Science Fair Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sumrall, William; Schillinger, Don

    2004-01-01

    Science fairs offer students the opportunity to develop skills in inquiry, writing research proposals, working with peers, verifying results, and sharing experimental findings. However, the science fair itself does not necessarily translate into a student's attainment of such skills. Project quality and a student's successful achievement of good…

  20. Students Inspiring Students: An Online Tool for Science Fair Participants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seeman, Jeffrey I.; Lawrence, Tom

    2011-01-01

    One goal of 21st-century education is to develop mature citizens who can identify issues, solve problems, and communicate solutions. What better way for students to learn these skills than by participating in a science and engineering fair? Fair participants face the same challenges as professional scientists and engineers, even Nobel laureates.…

  1. Is the Tenure Process Fair? What Faculty Think

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Janet H.; Celis, Sergio; Ott, Molly

    2014-01-01

    A conceptual framework grounded on procedural justice theory was created to explain how judgments about the fairness of tenure decision-making evolved among faculty who had not yet undergone the review. The framework posits that faculty beliefs about fairness are influenced directly by their workplace experiences and both directly and indirectly…

  2. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy. 200.300 Section 200.300 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Nondiscrimination and Fair......

  3. Teaching in Science and Career Fairs: An Application using Dolls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, E. Helen

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on the setting of a science and career fair; and discusses the use of cultural artifacts. Examines the use of folk dolls in a science and career fair. Includes background information and addresses the reasons for using the dolls. Includes references. (CMK)

  4. The Need to Explore: Nonexperimental Science Fair Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNay, Margaret

    1985-01-01

    For the sake of grade school entrants in particular, nonexperimental science fair projects should be encouraged and accepted for science fairs. Support for this approach is given along with several suggestions for projects. Guidelines for judging nonexperimental projects are also included. (DH)

  5. Science Fair Projects: Teaching Science or Something Else?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornell, Elizabeth A.

    1981-01-01

    Frequently, science fair projects have little relevance to the goals of science. Criteria for judging projects are not evident to students, parents, judges, and other participants. Listed are seven steps to a better fair project which emphasize methodology and presentation. Also included are hints for involving parents. (DC)

  6. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section 34.7 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market...

  7. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section 34.7 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market...

  8. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section 34.7 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market...

  9. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section 34.7 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES § 34.7 Fair market...

  10. Fair Use Challenges in Academic and Research Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Research Libraries, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report summarizes research into the current application of fair use to meet the missions of U.S. academic and research libraries. Sixty-five librarians were interviewed confidentially by telephone for around one hour each. They were asked about their employment of fair use in five key areas of practice: support for teaching and learning,…

  11. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the skin missing or “feathered.”...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    .... Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the skin missing or “feathered.”...

  13. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the skin missing or “feathered.”...

  14. Fair Trade: Social Regulation in Global Food Markets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raynolds, Laura T.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the theoretical and empirical parameters of social regulation in contemporary global food markets, focusing on the rapidly expanding Fair Trade initiative. Fair Trade seeks to transform North/South relations by fostering ethical consumption, producer empowerment, and certified commodity sales. This initiative joins an array…

  15. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING... § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  16. Book a Book Fair Today! It's a Celebration!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the value of book fairs to encourage reading and offers suggestions for planning them. Considers sponsorship, location and timing, sources to get books from, how to select books, marketing, library programs connected with the fair, volunteers, and who receives the profits. (LRW)

  17. Evaluation of the FAIR Program: Teaching Gender Equality to Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinkman, Britney G.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of the Fairness for All Individuals through Respect (FAIR) program on fifth grade students' understanding of gender as a diversity issue. In particular, this project examined the influence of this program on students' knowledge, self-identity, attitudes about gender roles, experiences of gender…

  18. 7 CFR 51.2652 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades for Sweet Cherries 1 Definitions § 51.2652 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that at least 95 percent of the surface of the cherry shows characteristic color for mature cherries of the variety....

  19. Infants Associate Praise and Admonishment with Fair and Unfair Individuals

    PubMed Central

    DesChamps, Trent D.; Eason, Arianne E.; Sommerville, Jessica A.

    2016-01-01

    Recent evidence suggests that infants possess a rudimentary sensitivity to fairness: infants expect resources to be distributed fairly and equally, and prefer individuals that distribute resources fairly over those that do so unfairly. The goal of the present work was to determine whether infants' evaluations of fair and unfair individuals also includes an understanding that fair individuals are worthy of praise and unfair individuals are worthy of admonishment. After watching individuals distribute goods fairly or unfairly to recipients, 15-month-old (Experiments 1 and 2) and 13-month-old (Experiment 3) infants took part in a test phase in which they saw only the distributors' faces accompanied by praise or admonishment. Across all experiments, infants differentially shifted their visual attention to images of the fair and unfair distributors as a function of the accompanying praise or admonishment, although the direction in which they did so varied by age. Thus, by the start of the second year of life, infants appear to perceive fair individuals as morally praiseworthy and unfair individuals as morally blameworthy. PMID:27570495

  20. 36 CFR 223.60 - Determining fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (36 CFR 200.4). Valid methods to determine fair market value include, but are not limited to... SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS Timber Sale Contracts Appraisal and Pricing § 223.60 Determining fair market value. The...

  1. 7 CFR 51.1164 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1164 Section 51.1164... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Oranges and Tangelos Definitions § 51.1164 Fairly... aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1 inch (25.4 mm) in diameter,...

  2. A Trustworthy Internet Auction Model with Verifiable Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liao, Gen-Yih; Hwang, Jing-Jang

    2001-01-01

    Describes an Internet auction model achieving verifiable fairness, a requirement aimed at enhancing the trust of bidders in auctioneers. Analysis results demonstrate that the proposed model satisfies various requirements regarding fairness and privacy. Moreover, in the proposed model, the losing bids remain sealed. (Author/AEF)

  3. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS On-Farm Labor Housing § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...

  4. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  5. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  6. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color...

  7. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color...

  8. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color,...

  9. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color,...

  10. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  11. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color,...

  12. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color...

  13. 7 CFR 51.1830 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1830 Section 51.1830... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Tangerines Definitions § 51.1830 Fairly well... exceed the aggregate area of a circle 1-1/4 inches (31.8 mm) in diameter and that the remainder of...

  14. 7 CFR 51.1164 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1164 Section 51.1164... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Oranges and Tangelos Definitions § 51.1164 Fairly... aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1 inch (25.4 mm) in diameter,...

  15. 32 CFR 151.7 - Fair trial guarantees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fair trial guarantees. 151.7 Section 151.7 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MILITARY JUSTICE STATUS OF FORCES POLICIES AND INFORMATION § 151.7 Fair trial guarantees. The following...

  16. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... administered in accordance with: (a) The nondiscrimination and fair housing requirements set forth in 24 CFR... forth in 24 CFR 5.105(a)(2); and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24 CFR part 200, subpart M and 24 CFR part 108....

  17. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... administered in accordance with: (a) The nondiscrimination and fair housing requirements set forth in 24 CFR... forth in 24 CFR 5.105(a)(2); and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24 CFR part 200, subpart M and 24 CFR part 108....

  18. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... administered in accordance with: (a) The nondiscrimination and fair housing requirements set forth in 24 CFR... forth in 24 CFR 5.105(a)(2); and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24 CFR part 200, subpart M and 24 CFR part 108....

  19. 45 CFR 400.83 - Mediation and fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mediation and fair hearings. 400.83 Section 400.83... Employment § 400.83 Mediation and fair hearings. (a) Mediation—(1) Public/private RCA program. The State must ensure that a mediation period prior to imposition of sanctions is provided to refugees by...

  20. Pseudoxanthome élastique généralisé et évolutif chez une mélanoderme

    PubMed Central

    Andonaba, Jean Baptiste; Barro-Traoré, Fatou; Korsaga, Somé; Diallo, Boukary; Diallo, Jean Wilfried; Traoré, Adama

    2013-01-01

    Le pseudoxanthome élastique (PXE) est une maladie héréditaire du tissu élastique affectant principalement la peau, les yeux et les artères. Nous rapportons une forme évolutive compliquée pour souligner la nécessité de la précocité du diagnostic et du suivi, de l'approche multidisciplinaire et la prise en charge des complications. Une femme de 51 ans, a consulté pour des nappes fripées de papules typiquement en « peau de chagrin » associées à une baisse de l'acuité visuelle, des stries angioïdes compliquées de néovaisseaux choroïdiens aux deux yeux. Les lésions cutanées étaient disséminées à tout le corps mais prédominaient aux plis et les régions adjacentes. Cette forme généralisée et compliquée serait due au retard au diagnostic et à la consultation, habituelle dans notre pays. Les atteintes extra cutanées font toute la gravité de cette maladie qui nécessite une surveillance à vie. Les diagnostics différentiels se font avec la peau citréine, la papulose cervicale fibro-élastique et les PXE exogènes. Aucun traitement spécifique n'est disponible à ce jour. Le PXE nécessite une approche multidisciplinaire pour un conseil génétique et pour sa prise en charge globale et précoce. PMID:24847394

  1. Ostéogenèse imparfaite: à propos de quatre cas à Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

    PubMed Central

    Kaboré, Aïssata; Cissé, Aissata; Yonaba, Caroline; Savadogo, Hamidou; Ouédraogo, Sylvie Armelle; Dao, Lassina; Kaboret, Sonia; Nagalo, Kisito; Koueta, Fla; Bandré, Emile; Yé, Diarra; Kam, Ludovic

    2015-01-01

    L'ostéogenèse imparfaite (OI) regroupe un ensemble d'affections constitutionnelles de gravité variable dû à une anomalie de la production du collagène et de la matrice de l'os entraînant une fragilité osseuse. La présente étude rapporte quatre cas d'ostéogenèse imparfaite suivis aux Centres Hospitaliers Universitaires Charles de Gaulle et Yalgado Ouédraogo. Le but de ce travail était d'analyser les aspects cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs de la maladie. Cette étude souligne la nécessité d'améliorer la prise en charge de cette maladie rare mais non exceptionnelle et handicapante. PMID:26834922

  2. Fairness influences early signatures of reward-related neural processing.

    PubMed

    Massi, Bart; Luhmann, Christian C

    2015-12-01

    Many humans exhibit a strong preference for fairness during decision-making. Although there is evidence that social factors influence reward-related and affective neural processing, it is unclear if this effect is mediated by compulsory outcome evaluation processes or results from slower deliberate cognition. Here we show that the feedback-related negativity (FRN) and late positive potential (LPP), two signatures of early hedonic processing, are modulated by the fairness of rewards during a passive rating task. We find that unfair payouts elicit larger FRNs than fair payouts, whereas fair payouts elicit larger LPPs than unfair payouts. This is true both in the time-domain, where the FRN and LPP are related, and in the time-frequency domain, where the two signals are largely independent. Ultimately, this work demonstrates that fairness affects the early stages of reward and affective processing, suggesting a common biological mechanism for social and personal reward evaluation.

  3. The role of authority power in explaining procedural fairness effects.

    PubMed

    van Dijke, Marius; De Cremer, David; Mayer, David M

    2010-05-01

    Building on fairness heuristic theory, fairness theory, and trust development models, we argue that unfairly enacted procedures decrease followers' trust in the authority particularly when authorities have high power over their followers. Moreover, we expected trust to mediate procedural fairness effects on followers' attitudes (authorities' legitimacy and charisma attributed to authorities) and organizational citizenship behavior. Procedural fairness effects on these variables, as mediated by trust, should therefore also be stronger when authority power is high. The results of a single- and multisource field study and a laboratory experiment supported these predictions. These studies support the role of authority power as a theoretically and practically relevant moderator of procedural fairness effects and show that its effectiveness is explained through trust in authorities.

  4. Hepatic Angiosarcoma May Have Fair Survival Nowadays

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Neng-Chyan; Kuo, Yau-Chang; Chiang, Jui-Chin; Hung, Shih-Yuan; Wang, Huay-Min; Hung, Yao-Min; Chang, Yun-Te; Wann, Shue-Ren; Chang, Hong-Tai; Wang, Jyh-Seng; Ho, Sheng-Yow; Guo, How-Ran

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Hepatic angiosarcoma (HAS) is rare but often fatal. A review of literature in 1979 found that only 3% of the 70 patients lived for more than 2 years, but the survival might have been improved over the years. We conducted a retrospective study and reviewed the medical records of patients who visited a teaching hospital in Taiwan from January 2000 to August 2010 and had pathological proof of HAS. In addition, we conducted a review of literature and compared those who survived for 2 years or more to those who did not. Of the 3503 patients with primary liver cancer we identified, 9 had HAS, of whom 3 (33.3%) survived for 2 years or more. One survived for 24 months without surgical resection, and the other two received surgery with postoperative chemotherapy and were still alive 32 and 37 months later, respectively. Through reviewing literature, we identified 3 more patients in Taiwan who had survived for 2 years or more. One survived for 42 months without surgical resection, the other two received segmentectomy with postoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. We also identified 8 such cases outside Taiwan, including 1 who received chemotherapy without surgery and survived for 53 months. None of the differences in the clinical characteristics between those who had and had not survived for 2 years or more reached statistical significance. In conclusion, we believe the combination of surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy may be able to achieve long-term survival in some HAS patients nowadays, and it is even possible to achieve fair survival using chemotherapy alone. PMID:25984668

  5. Fair Labor Standards: Federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, As Amended. Legal Modules for Vocational Cooperative Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo.

    Intended for use by cooperative education program coordinators, this module deals with fair labor standards as they are specified in the amended version of the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. The module, which is designed to be a self-paced instructional package, includes a pre-test, answer key, scoring instructions, a reinforcement…

  6. Students' Sources of Motivation for Participating in Science Fairs: An Exploratory Study within the Canada-Wide Science Fair 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dionne, Liliane; Reis, Giuliano; Trudel, Louis; Guillet, Gabriel; Kleine, Leonard; Hancianu, Corina

    2012-01-01

    Science fairs have been for many years a popular school activity in North America. They are a venue for the popularization of science and consequently an important encouragement for the pursuit of careers in science or engineering. However, little is known about students' perceived motives for participating in local or national science fairs and…

  7. Absorption and optical conduction in InSe/ZnSe/InSe thin film transistors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al Garni, S. E.; Qasrawi, A. F.

    2016-01-01

    In this work, (n)InSe/(p)ZnSe and (n)InSe/(p)ZnSe/(n)InSe heterojunction thin film transistor (TFT) devices are produced by the thermal evaporation technique. They are characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy and optical spectroscopy techniques. While the InSe films are found to be amorphous, the ZnSe and InSe/ZnSe films exhibited polycrystalline nature of crystallization. The optical analysis has shown that these devices exhibit a conduction band offsets of 0.47 and valence band offsets of 0.67 and 0.74eV, respectively. In addition, while the dielectric spectra of the InSe and ZnSe displayed resonance peaks at 416 and 528THz, the dielectric spectra of InSe/ZnSe and InSe/ZnSe/InSe layers indicated two additional peaks at 305 and 350THz, respectively. On the other hand, the optical conductivity analysis and modeling in the light of free carrier absorption theory reflected low values of drift mobilities associated with incident alternating electric fields at terahertz frequencies. The drift mobility of the charge carrier particles at femtoseconds scattering times increased as a result of the ZnSe sandwiching between two InSe layers. The valence band offsets, the dielectric resonance at 305 and 350THz and the optical conductivity values nominate TFT devices for use in optoelectronics.

  8. La prise en charge d’une clientèle

    PubMed Central

    Roy, Andréanne; Breton, Mylaine; Loslier, Julie

    2016-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Analyser les facteurs qui incitent les médecins de famille nouvellement autorisés à faire de la prise en charge d’une clientèle en première ligne. Type d’étude Devis mixte séquentiel : questionnaire en ligne auto-administré auprès de médecins de famille, suivi d’entrevues individuelles. Contexte La Montérégie, qui est la deuxième région la plus populeuse du Québec, et qui présente des zones rurales et urbaines. Participants Tous les médecins de famille détenant un poste en Montérégie et ayant moins de 10 années d’expérience ont été sollicités, soit 366 médecins. Parmi eux, 118 ont complété le questionnaire en ligne (taux de réponse de 32,2 %). Parmi les répondants, 10 médecins ayant des profils de prise en charge variés ont été sélectionnés pour les entrevues individuelles. Principaux paramètres à l’étude Le pourcentage de temps de travail consacré à la prise en charge, analysé en parallèle avec différents facteurs facilitants et barrières à la prise en charge aux niveaux contextuel, organisationnel, du médecin de famille et de la clientèle. Résultats Les principaux facteurs facilitant la prise en charge sont la relation médecin-patient, l’intérêt pour les activités cliniques liées à la prise en charge, les modèles de rôles positifs, la collaboration avec une infirmière et l’accès adéquat aux ressources, notamment en santé mentale. Les principales barrières sont l’ampleur des tâches administratives, l’intérêt pour une pratique polyvalente, l’expérience négative de la prise en charge lors de la formation, un sentiment n’inaptitude à l’égard de la prise en charge, la lourdeur de la clientèle et le manque de soutien en début de pratique. Conclusion Certaines pistes de solution pour inciter les nouveaux médecins de famille à prendre en charge une clientèle sont proposées. Des points d’amélioration au niveau de la formation médicale, du soutien

  9. The evolution of fairness: explaining variation in bargaining behaviour

    PubMed Central

    Lamba, Shakti; Mace, Ruth

    2013-01-01

    Conceptions of fairness vary across the world. Identifying the drivers of this variation is key to understanding the selection pressures and mechanisms that lead to the evolution of fairness in humans. Individuals' varying fairness preferences are widely assumed to represent cultural norms. However, this assumption has not previously been tested. Fairness norms are defined as culturally transmitted equilibria at which bargainers have coordinated expectations from each other. Hence, if fairness norms exist at the level of the ethno-linguistic group, we should observe two patterns. First, cultural conformism should maintain behavioural homogeneity within an ethno-linguistic group. Second, bargainers' expectations should be coordinated such that proposals and responses to proposals should covary. Here we show that neither of these patterns is observed across 21 populations of the same ethno-linguistic group, the Pahari Korwa of central India. Our findings suggest that what constitutes a fair division of resources can vary on smaller scales than that of the ethno-linguistic group. Individuals' local environments may play a central role in determining conceptions of fairness. PMID:23135682

  10. Virtual Mobility in Higher Education. The UNED Campus Net Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguado, Teresa; Monge, Fernando; Del Olmo, Alicia

    2014-01-01

    We present the UNED Virtual Mobility Campus Net Program, implemented since 2012 in collaboration with European and Latin American universities. Program's objectives, participating institutions, procedures, and evaluation are exposed. Virtual mobility is understood as a meaningful strategy for intercultural learning by studying an undergraduate or…

  11. Young Children’s Development of Fairness Preference

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jing; Wang, Wen; Yu, Jing; Zhu, Liqi

    2016-01-01

    Fairness is one of the most important foundations of morality and may have played a key role in the evolution of cooperation in humans beings. As an important type of fairness concern, inequity aversion is the preference for fairness and the resistance to inequitable outcomes. To examine the early development of fairness preference in young children, sixty 2- and 3-year-old children were recruited to examine young children’s preferences for fairness using a forced choice paradigm. We tested how toddlers acted when they took charge of distributing resources (two candies) to themselves and others and when they were the recipients of both other-advantageous distribution and self-advantageous distribution. Different alternative options were paired with the same fair option in the two conditions. In the other-advantageous condition, children had fewer resources in the alternative options than others, whereas their resources in the alternative options were greater than others’ in the self-advantageous condition. The results showed that more children displayed fairness preferences when they distributed resources between two friends than when they distributed resources between a friend and themselves. In both scenarios, 3-year-old children were more likely to demonstrate fairness preference than 2-year-old children. The findings suggest that inequity aversion develops in young children and increases with age over the course of early childhood. When they were recipients, there was a trend in young children’s preference for fairness in the other-advantageous condition compared with the self-advantageous condition. This suggests that children might tend to be more likely to display inequity aversion when they are in a disadvantageous position. PMID:27625616

  12. Young Children’s Development of Fairness Preference

    PubMed Central

    Li, Jing; Wang, Wen; Yu, Jing; Zhu, Liqi

    2016-01-01

    Fairness is one of the most important foundations of morality and may have played a key role in the evolution of cooperation in humans beings. As an important type of fairness concern, inequity aversion is the preference for fairness and the resistance to inequitable outcomes. To examine the early development of fairness preference in young children, sixty 2- and 3-year-old children were recruited to examine young children’s preferences for fairness using a forced choice paradigm. We tested how toddlers acted when they took charge of distributing resources (two candies) to themselves and others and when they were the recipients of both other-advantageous distribution and self-advantageous distribution. Different alternative options were paired with the same fair option in the two conditions. In the other-advantageous condition, children had fewer resources in the alternative options than others, whereas their resources in the alternative options were greater than others’ in the self-advantageous condition. The results showed that more children displayed fairness preferences when they distributed resources between two friends than when they distributed resources between a friend and themselves. In both scenarios, 3-year-old children were more likely to demonstrate fairness preference than 2-year-old children. The findings suggest that inequity aversion develops in young children and increases with age over the course of early childhood. When they were recipients, there was a trend in young children’s preference for fairness in the other-advantageous condition compared with the self-advantageous condition. This suggests that children might tend to be more likely to display inequity aversion when they are in a disadvantageous position.

  13. D-1A nose fairing separation fitting load test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vanvleet, J. O.

    1976-01-01

    Structural testing of the D-1A Centaur nose fairing was completed to determine the loads imposed during flight on the latch bolts of the fairing separation system. This testing was conducted to supplement and/or verify the analytic techniques used in calculating bolt loads for the D-1A, and to gain insight into the general structural behavior of separation latch systems. It was shown that the assumed bolt load magnification due to prying action of the latch fittings on the bolt does occur, but is strongly dependent on fairing shell stiffness.

  14. 41 CFR 102-33.400 - How must we report to FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... FAIRS? 102-33.400 Section 102-33.400 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... System (fairs) § 102-33.400 How must we report to FAIRS? You must report to FAIRS electronically through a secure Web interface to the FAIRS application on the Internet. For information on becoming a...

  15. 75 FR 26714 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Application for Designation of a Fair

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-12

    ... of a Fair AGENCY: International Trade Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of... International Trade Administration, Global Trade Programs, offers trade fair guidance and assistance to trade fair organizers, trade fair operators, and other travel- and trade-oriented groups. The fairs...

  16. Cystadénome séreux du pancréas associe à une hétérotopie pancréatique

    PubMed Central

    Mohamed, Hedfi; Dorra, Belghachem; Hela, Bouhafa; Cherif, Abdelhedi; Azza, Sridi; Karim, Sassi; Khadija, Bellil; Adnen, Chouchene

    2016-01-01

    Les hétérotopies pancréatiques (HP) sont rares. Elles peuvent se voir à tout âge avec une légère prédominance masculine. ces lésions sont le plus souvent asymptomatiques, de découverte fortuite lors d'une endoscopie digestive haute ou basse ou lors de l'examen anatomopathologique d'un organe réséqué pour d'autres motifs, et peuvent être isolée ou associée à une pathologie digestive. Nous rapportons, à travers notre observation, l'association d'une HP à un cystadénome séreux du pancréas découverte lors de l'exploration des douleurs épigastriques isolées. A travers cette observation nous nous proposons d’étudier les particularités cliniques et histologiques de cette pathologie rare. PMID:27231505

  17. Aménorrhée chimio induite chez une population marocaine: à propos d'une cohorte retrospective

    PubMed Central

    Brahmi, Sami Aziz; Ziani, Fatima Zahra; Youssef, Seddik; Afqir, Said

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Le cancer du sein est un des cancers les plus fréquents chez la femme en pré ménopause et son traitement peut compromettre la fertilité. En effet, la chimiothérapie utilisée dans le cancer du sein peut conduire à une aménorrhée transitoire ou permanente chez les femmes non ménopausées. Méthodes Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective au service d'oncologie médicale du CHU Mohammed VI d'Oujda sur une période de 3 ans allant de janvier 2009 à décembre 2011 incluant les patientes jeunes ayant un cancer du sein localisé, pour étudier l'incidence de l'aménorrhée chimio-induite (ACI), ainsi que les facteurs prédictifs intervenant dans sa survenue. Résultats Dans notre série 74% de nos patientes ont présenté une ACI et 33.6% de nos patientes ont présenté une aménorrhée chimio-induite définitive. Plusieurs facteurs ont été étudiés à la recherche d’élément prédictifs de la survenue de l'aménorrhée. Concernant le facteur âge, l'analyse a montré que les femmes avec un âge supérieur à 40 ans étaient plus susceptibles de présenter une aménorrhée que celles avec un âge inférieur à 40 avec un pourcentage de 95,7% versus 56,1% avec une différence significative (p = 0.003). Conclusion L'incidence dans notre étude de l'ACI semble comparable à celle retrouvé dans la littérature, l’âge dans notre étude est le facteur prédictif le plus prédominant dans sa survenue. PMID:27642399

  18. The Impact of Student Pharmacists at Health Fair Events

    PubMed Central

    Gabrielian, Christine; Schwartzman, Emmanuelle; Law, Anandi V.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate student pharmacists’ impact on health fair participant knowledge of selected disease states and to evaluate the intent of health fair participants with abnormal screening results to seek follow-up care within 1 month of screening. Methods. Health fair participants were assessed for changes in their knowledge of specific diseases before and after screenings. Participants’ intent to seek health care was assessed through a survey instrument developed using Rosenstock’s Health Belief Model. Results. Increases in participant knowledge of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and body mass index were significant, and 78% of participants with abnormal results intended to contact a provider. Conclusions. Student pharmacists’ had a positive impact on health fair participants’ disease knowledge and intent to follow up with a provider. PMID:23129848

  19. 7 CFR 51.1830 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... MARKETING ACT OF 1946 FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND... colored. Fairly well colored means that the surface of the fruit may have green color which does...

  20. Electromagnetic Cavity Effects from Transmitters Inside a Launch Vehicle Fairing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Trout, Dawn H.; Wahid, Parveen F.; Stanley, James E.

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides insight into the difficult analytical issue for launch vehicles and spacecraft that has applicability outside of the launch industry. Radiation from spacecraft or launch vehicle antennas located within enclosures in the launch vehicle generates an electromagnetic environment that is difficult to accurately predict. This paper discusses the test results of power levels produced by a transmitter within a representative scaled vehicle fairing model and provides preliminary modeling results at the low end of the frequency test range using a commercial tool. Initially, the walls of the fairing are aluminum and later, layered with materials to simulate acoustic blanketing structures that are typical in payload fairings. The effects of these blanketing materials on the power levels within the fairing are examined.