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Sample records for sebagai bahan urug

  1. Heterogeneous response to differentiation induction with different polar compounds in a clonal rat rhabdomyosarcoma cell line (BA-HAN-1C).

    PubMed Central

    Gerharz, C. D.; Gabbert, H. E.; Engers, R.; Ramp, U.; Mayer, H.; Luley, C.

    1989-01-01

    The clonal rat rhabdomyosarcoma cell line BA-HAN-1C was tested for its susceptibility to differentiation induction with different polar compounds. This cell line is composed of proliferating mononuclear tumour cells, some of which spontaneously fuse to form terminally differentiated postmitotic myotube-like giant cells. Exposure of BA-HAN-1C cells to dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO), hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA), sodium butyrate (NaBut) and N-monomethylformamide (NMF) resulted in a significant inhibition of proliferation (P less than 0.001) and in a simultaneous increase in differentiation. The response was most pronounced after exposure to NMF as evidenced by a marked increase in the creatine kinase activity used as a biochemical marker of differentiation (P less than 0.05) and the number of terminally differentiated myotube-like giant cells (P less than 0.001). Furthermore, about 5% of the mononuclear cells exhibited thick and thin myofilaments which were never observed in the mononuclear cells of the control. In contrast, the effects of DMSO, HMBA and NaBut were exclusively confined to a significant increase in biochemical differentiation (P less than 0.05), whereas no increase in morphological differentiation was observed and the number of myotube-like giant cells even significantly (P less than 0.001) decreased. This heterogeneous response to differentiation induction with different polar compounds probably indicates different mechanisms of action and suggests that the induction of biochemical differentiation might be independently regulated from events leading to cell fusion and terminal differentiation. Images Figure 1 PMID:2803927

  2. Acheii Bahane': Naaki Gone' Yiltsiligii II = Grandfather Stories: Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yellowhair, Marvin

    At one time all Navaho stories were handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. Some stories were recorded and then trnsalated into English. In the process of translation, the stories often times lost their meaning. To avoid this, the second volume of "Grandfather Stories," which were told by elders living in the vicinity…

  3. Acheii Bahane': Naaki Gone' Yiltsiligii II = Grandfather Stories: Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yellowhair, Marvin

    At one time all Navaho stories were handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. Some stories were recorded and then trnsalated into English. In the process of translation, the stories often times lost their meaning. To avoid this, the second volume of "Grandfather Stories," which were told by elders living in the vicinity…

  4. Response to Comments by Bahan, Montgomery, Ladd and Further Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Graham H.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the meaning of deaf culture with reference to the views of other specialists in the field. The author observes that he is not floating a rival analysis of the constituents of Deaf culture; attempting to relabel phenomena; searching for the definition; claiming that the idea of deaf cultures is either qualitatively or quantitatively…

  5. Response to Comments by Bahan, Montgomery, Ladd and Further Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Graham H.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the meaning of deaf culture with reference to the views of other specialists in the field. The author observes that he is not floating a rival analysis of the constituents of Deaf culture; attempting to relabel phenomena; searching for the definition; claiming that the idea of deaf cultures is either qualitatively or quantitatively…

  6. Strategic competence of senior secondary school students in solving mathematics problem based on cognitive style

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Syukriani, Andi; Juniati, Dwi; Siswono, Tatag Yuli Eko

    2017-08-01

    (mathematical concept) of a complex form (Externally directed), so he received the idea as presented. Hasil penelitian ini penting sebagai bahan masukan untuk guru dan pengembang ilmu pendidikan matematika untuk meningkatkan fleksibilitas (Flexibility) siswa dalam keberagaman karakteristiknya melalui penelitian terkait dengan pengembangan bahan instruksi, perangkat dan model pembelajaran matematika. The results of this research are important as input for teachers and mathematics education developers to increase the flexibility of students in the characteristics diversity through the research related to the development of instruction materials and mathematics learning model. Penelitian selanjutnya, sebaiknya melihat bagaimana FI dan FD dapat memberikan penjelasan dan pembenaran atas strategi yang telah diusahakan supaya terlihat lebih jelas bagaimana perbedaan FI dan FD dalam mengkontruksi konsep matematika pada pengalaman belajarnya Further research should study about how the explanation and justification for the strategy that has been attempted in order to look more clearly how constructing mathematical concepts in their learning experience.

  7. A collection of popcorn as a reservoir of genes for the generation of lineages.

    PubMed

    de Carvalho, Misael Severino Nunes; Mangolin, Claudete Aparecida; Scapim, Carlos Alberto; da Silva, Teresa Aparecida; Machado, Maria de Fátima Pires da Silva

    2013-03-01

    In the present study, we analyze the genetic structure and diversity among accessions of popcorn obtained from the CIMMYT International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center that represent the diversity available for current use by breeding programs. The main objectives were to identify SSR loci that were the best indicators of genetic diversity, to measure the genetic diversity within popcorn genotypes, and to analyze the genetic structure of the promising populations destined for use in breeding programs. The mean gene diversity of all SSR loci was 0.6352. An extremely high population differentiation level was detected (F(st) = 0.3152) with F(st) for each locus ranging from 0.1125 (Umc1229) to 0.4870 (Umc1755). Analyzing the genetic structure of eight popcorn accessions was especially important for identifying both SSR loci with high levels of heterozygosity and genotypes showing high heterozygosity (BOYA462 and ARZM13 050). This analysis should be the medium and long-term selection goal for the generation of inbred lines and the future production of new cultivars. Plant accessions ARZM05 083, ARZM13 050, and URUG298 may also be useful varieties that exhibit important agronomic characteristics that can be used through crosses to broaden the genetic basis of popcorn.

  8. CONTROL OF DIABROTICA VIRGIFERA VIRGIFERA LE CONTE IN MAIZE SEED TREATMENT.

    PubMed

    Inđić, D; Vuković, S; Kljajić, P; Gvozdenac, S; Tanasković, S; Andrić, G

    2014-01-01

    During the last decade of XX century, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Le Conte became an important introduced harmful species in maize production in the northern Serbia region. The aim of this work was to assess the efficacy of imidacloprid based insecticides formulated for seed treatment in the control of D. v. virgifera. Experiments were set at two localities (Čurug--two-year maize culturing; Bečej--four-year maize culturing) in 2013, according to OEPP (PP 1/212(1) 2004) method. Imidacloprid based insecticide (600 g a.i./L) was applied at rates 0.36; 0.55; 0,7 and 0.8 L/100 kg of maize seeds (hybrids NS 5041 and NS 640 Ultra). The degree of maize root damage was determined according to scale 1-6 (http://www.ent.iastate.edu/-pest/rootworm/nodeinjury/nodeinjury.htm). A number of damaged plants was also registered and expressed in percents, as well as the development of adventitious roots. Significance of differences between root damages and number of damaged plants between treatments was tested using ANOVA. Regardless on localities and applied rates, maize roots in treatments with imidacloprid were significantly less damaged by larvae D. v. virgifera (1.1-1.4) compared to the control (3.7-4.1). Also, a significant reduction in percent of damaged plants (5.0-20%) was registered compared to the control (90-97.5%). At both localities in treatments with imidacloprid adventitious roots were well developed in 60.5 to 91% of plants compared to the control were it was the case in 10-27.5% plants. It is important to emphasize that roots were significantly more developed in treated variants compared to the control. Based on the obtained results it can be concluded that imidacloprid, regardless on its future status and restraints/limitations in maize seed treatment, provided efficient protection of maize roots from D. v. virgifera larvae, even at rate twice lower (0.36) than recommended (0.8 L/100 kg seeds), which justifies the application of lower quantities of imidacloprid

  9. Application of game theory in decision making strategy: Does gas fuel industry need to kill oil based fuel industry?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azmi, Abdul Luky Shofi'ul; Prabandari, Dyah Lusiana; Hakim, Muhammad Lintang Islami

    2017-03-01

    Even though conversion of oil based fuel (Bahan Bakar Minyak) into gas fuel (Bahan Bakar Gas) for transportation (both land and sea) is one of the priority programs of the government of Indonesia, rules that have been established merely basic rules of gas fuel usage license for transportation, without discussing position of gas fuel related to oil based fuel in detail. This paper focus on possible strategic behavior of the key players in the oil-gas fuel conversion game, who will be impacted by the position of gas fuel as complement or substitution of oil based fuel. These players include industry of oil based fuel, industry of gas fuel, and the government. Modeling is made based on two different conditions: government plays a passive role and government plays an active role in legislating additional rules that may benefit industry of gas fuel. Results obtained under a passive government is that industry of oil based fuel need to accommodate the presence of industry of gas fuel, and industry of gas fuel does not kill/ eliminate the oil based fuel, or gas fuel serves as a complement. While in an active government, the industry of oil based fuel need to increase its negotiation spending in the first phase so that the additional rule that benefitting industry of gas fuel would not be legislated, while industry of gas fuel chooses to indifferent; however, in the last stage, gas fuel turned to be competitive or choose its role to be substitution.

  10. Particulate Matter Levels in Ambient Air Adjacent to Industrial Area

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed, R. M. S. R.; Nizam, N. M. S.; Al-Gheethi, A. A.; Lajis, A.; Kassim, A. H. M.

    2016-07-01

    Air quality in the residential areas adjacent to the industrial regions is of great concern due to the association with human health risks. In this work, the concentrations of particulate matter (PM10) in the ambient air of UTHM campus was investigated tostudy the air qualityand their compliance to the Malaysian Ambient Air Quality Guidelines (AAQG). The PM10 samples were taken over 24 hours from the most significant area at UTHM including Stadium, KolejKediamanTunDr. Ismail (KKTDI) and MakmalBahan. The meteorological parameters; temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and wind direction as well as particulate matterwere estimated by using E-Sampler Particulate Matter (PM10) Collector. The highest concentrations of PM10 (55.56 µg/m3) was recorded at MakmalBahan during the working and weekend days. However, these concentrations are less than 150 pg/m3. It can be concluded that although UTHM is surrounded by the industrial area, the air quality in the campus still within the standards limits.