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Sample records for seneca illinois date

  1. 75 FR 73962 - Safety Zone; Bridge Demolition; Illinois River, Seneca, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Bridge Demolition; Illinois River, Seneca... temporary safety zone on the Illinois River near Seneca, Illinois. This zone is intended to restrict vessels from a portion of the Illinois River due to the demolition of the Seneca Highway Bridge. This...

  2. Accelerator radiocarbon dating of evidence for prehistoric horticulture in Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Conard, N.; Asch, D.L.; Asch, N.B.; Elmore, D.; Gove, H.; Rubin, M.; Brown, J.A.; Wiant, M.D.; Farnsworth, K.B.; Cook, T.G.

    1984-01-01

    With the development of direct detection radiocarbon dating, which uses an accelerator as part of a highly selective mass spectrometer, it is now possible to determine the age of milligram samples of organic materials1-5. One application of accelerator dating is in evaluating scanty, sometimes controversial evidence for early horticulture throughout the world. We have now used the technique to date small samples of carbonized, cultivated plant remains from archaeological sites in Illinois. The results, reported here, establish (1) that squash was introduced by 7,000 yr ago, 2,500 yr before eastern North American records previously reported; (2) that horticulture involving indigenous plants had begun by 4,000 BP in eastern North America with domestication of Iva annua, a small-seeded annual; (3) that anomalous discoveries of Archaic period maize represent contaminants; and (4) that introduction of maize by initial Middle Woodland times (???2,000 BP) is questionable. ?? 1984 Nature Publishing Group.

  3. Wisdom of the Seneca.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nitsch, Twylah Hurd

    Written for students and teachers who want to learn more about Seneca history and culture, this booklet presents legends, games, and factual information about the way of life followed by the early Seneca. Introductory material discusses the philosophy of the Seneca, their view of Nature, and the role of legends in the early Clans. Part I contains…

  4. Seneca Falls. Classroom Focus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balantic, Jeannette; Libresco, Andrea S.

    1995-01-01

    Presents a secondary school lesson based on the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments. Provides lesson objectives and step-by-step instructional procedures. Includes quoted sections of the Declaration of Sentiments. (CFR)

  5. New OSL dates of Sangamon Episode biozones from Raymond Basin, Illinois, USA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curry, B.; Wang, H.

    2010-12-01

    Pollen and ostracode records from lake sediments spanning from the penultimate to the last glaciation from south-central Illinois provide key evidence for past climates in central North America. The records come from kettle basins formed in Illinois Episode till. The records are sandwiched at the base and top by “glacial” biozones containing Picea pollen and the cryophyllic ostracode Limnocythere friabilis. Evidence of especially warm and moist conditions during the intervening interglacial conditions includes abundant Liquidambar pollen, and the sub-tropical ostracode Heterocypris punctata. The succession of biozones are repeated in the records of three kettle basins (Raymond, Pittsburg, and Balk Knob). The ostensibly coeval vertebrate record at Hopwood Farm, Illinois, does not have similar pollen or ostracode records, but has fossils of Geochelone crassiscutata, an extinct tortoise related to the modern Galapagos species which presumably could not tolerate the prolonged periods of subfreezing winter temperatures typical of Illinois’ present climate. Although attempts have been made, the chronology of these records has not been adequately resolved. One attempt involved wiggle matching of the 2nd DCA axis of the pollen record (ostensibly a proxy of paleoprecipitation) from Raymond Basin of Zhu and Baker (1995) with the δ13C record from Crevice Cave stalagmites (Dorale et al., 1998, and other data). This correlation suggested that the sediment accumulation rate in the basin was slow (about 1 m/yr), and that a key warm/moist period during the Sangamon Episode coincided with the onset of Marine Isotope Stage 4 (about 75,000 yr). We attempted to verify these age assignments using OSL dating of fine sand from a new sediment core from Raymond Basin, and from adjacent ice-contact deposits. The oldest pollen-bearing lake sediment in Raymond Basin core RB-8 (7 m depth) yielded an OSL date of 129,520 ± 7700 yr. This age coincides with the transition from tundra

  6. Seneca's contribution to astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pljakić, Branislava

    2002-04-01

    In this paper is shown the work of Lucius Anaeus Seneca "Natural Questiones", Book 7th relating to comets from 1st to 14th as well as 24th chapter. Although Seneca was not an astronomer he reached some very interesting conclusions. Besides that he introduces us in his work to the knowledge which had been gained before him as well as to the then obtained fallacies.

  7. The effects of dating violence, substance use and risky sexual behavior among a diverse sample of Illinois youth.

    PubMed

    Alleyne, Binta; Coleman-Cowger, Victoria H; Crown, Laurel; Gibbons, Maya A; Vines, Linda Nicole

    2011-02-01

    This study examines the relationship between dating violence, forced sexual intercourse (FSI), and four measures of sexual risk taking (i.e., age at first sex, number of recent (within the last three months) sex partners, alcohol/drug use at last sex, and condom use at last sex) among a sample of 1124 ethnically diverse sexually active adolescents in Illinois. Given conflicting reports regarding the role of gender in dating violence, and the dearth of research examining the role of gender in relations between dating violence, sexual violence, and sexual risk taking, we also examine whether gender moderates the relation between these constructs. The findings indicate significant relationships among dating violence and FSI and age at first sex, number of sexual partners, and condom use across various ethnic groups. Findings also show that when controlling for gender, dating violence and FSI are related to number of sexual partners and age at first intercourse regardless of ethnic group identification.

  8. Seneca Falls: A Women's Demonstration for Peace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Billie

    1984-01-01

    A reporter gives her personal impressions of the Seneca Falls Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice and the march by members of the encampment to the Seneca Army Depot. Confrontations between the demonstrators and conservative counterdemonstrators and the army response are also covered. (IS)

  9. Seneca Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Project

    SciTech Connect

    2012-11-30

    This document provides specifications for the process air compressor for a compressed air storage project, requests a budgetary quote, and provides supporting information, including compressor data, site specific data, water analysis, and Seneca CAES value drivers.

  10. Seneca Storybook=Onodowa'ga' Gaga: Sho'o'h.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Bilingual Education.

    Featuring supernatural events and relationship between man and nature, this collection of 15 Seneca stories is presented in English and Seneca versions with 12 full-page illustrations. The stories are adaptations from "Seneca Fiction, Legends and Myths" originally compiled by Jeremiah Curtain and J. N. B. Hewitt following field research in…

  11. Seneca Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Project

    SciTech Connect

    None, None

    2012-11-30

    Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) is a hybrid energy storage and generation concept that has many potential benefits especially in a location with increasing percentages of intermittent wind energy generation. The objectives of the NYSEG Seneca CAES Project included: for Phase 1, development of a Front End Engineering Design for a 130MW to 210 MW utility-owned facility including capital costs; project financials based on the engineering design and forecasts of energy market revenues; design of the salt cavern to be used for air storage; draft environmental permit filings; and draft NYISO interconnection filing; for Phase 2, objectives included plant construction with a target in-service date of mid-2016; and for Phase 3, objectives included commercial demonstration, testing, and two-years of performance reporting. This Final Report is presented now at the end of Phase 1 because NYSEG has concluded that the economics of the project are not favorable for development in the current economic environment in New York State. The proposed site is located in NYSEG’s service territory in the Town of Reading, New York, at the southern end of Seneca Lake, in New York State’s Finger Lakes region. The landowner of the proposed site is Inergy, a company that owns the salt solution mining facility at this property. Inergy would have developed a new air storage cavern facility to be designed for NYSEG specifically for the Seneca CAES project. A large volume, natural gas storage facility owned and operated by Inergy is also located near this site and would have provided a source of high pressure pipeline quality natural gas for use in the CAES plant. The site has an electrical take-away capability of 210 MW via two NYSEG 115 kV circuits located approximately one half mile from the plant site. Cooling tower make-up water would have been supplied from Seneca Lake. NYSEG’s engineering consultant WorleyParsons Group thoroughly evaluated three CAES designs and concluded that any

  12. The Effects of Dating Violence, Substance Use and Risky Sexual Behavior among a Diverse Sample of Illinois Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alleyne, Binta; Coleman-Cowger, Victoria H.; Crown, Laurel; Gibbons, Maya A.; Vines, Linda N.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between dating violence, forced sexual intercourse (FSI), and four measures of sexual risk taking (i.e., age at first sex, number of recent (within the last three months) sex partners, alcohol/drug use at last sex, and condom use at last sex) among a sample of 1124 ethnically diverse sexually active adolescents…

  13. 76 FR 68745 - Seneca Power Partners, L.P.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-07

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Seneca Power Partners, L.P. v. New York Independent System Operator, Inc... Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 824e and 825e and Rule 206 of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (Commission) Rules of Practice and Procedures, 18 CFR 385.206, Seneca Power Partners, L.P. (Complainant)...

  14. Using Gesture to Teach Seneca in a Language Nest School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borgia, Melissa Elayne

    2014-01-01

    Seneca elder Sandy Dowdy and her granddaughter Autumn Crouse direct a language nest school for children aged two to five years in a small longhouse-shaped building, "Ganöhsesge:kha:' Hë:nödeyë:sta'":, or the Faithkeepers School, on the Seneca Allegany Territory in upstate New York. They practice immersion teaching and use forms of…

  15. SUCCESS@Seneca: Facilitating Student and Staff Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fishman, Steve; Decandia, Lisa

    2006-01-01

    SUCCESS@Seneca has teamed up with the General Arts and Science programs at Seneca's Newnham campus. The design of an integrated service delivery model addresses numerous student success and retention related activities by providing the essential connection between academics and college resources. The program focuses on the promotion and support of…

  16. Asdeqwa Yoedza: The Outdoor Seneca Science Teaching Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobey, Daniel C.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    A summer science enrichment program addressed the cultural and academic needs of middle school students living on the Cattaraugus and Allegany reservations of the Seneca Nation (New York). The program integrated language arts skills and science content with Seneca culture and language. Learning activities included vocabulary lessons, critical and…

  17. Got Varves?: Reconstructing Holocene Climate Change in Seneca Lake, NY

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rogers, C. E.; Curtin, T. M.

    2004-12-01

    The sedimentary deposits of Seneca Lake, one of eleven Finger Lakes in New York State, contain a valuable record of post-glacial climate and environmental change. Paleoenvironmental interpretations depend on knowing what transport and depositional processes controlled the formation of the laminae. In this study, we examine Holocene rhythmites in two profundal cores collected from the northern half of Seneca Lake to determine possible mechanisms of formation of the alternating olive gray-black layers. Magnetic susceptibility was measured at a 2 cm interval prior to splitting the ˜5 m cores. Split cores were described, photographed, and sampled for loss-on-ignition and grain size analysis at a 10 cm interval. When possible, core one was sampled on a lamination-by-lamination basis whereas core five was sampled at a one cm interval. Sequential LOI was used to estimate the total organic and carbonate content of sediments. Grain size analyses were performed using a Coulter LS 230 laser diffractometer after removal of calcium carbonate. Temporal control of paleoenvironmental changes in cores will be established by two accelerator mass spectrometer radiocarbon dates. The cores contain proglacial pink clay overlain by Holocene mm- to cm-scale alternating olive gray and black laminations of fine-grained sand and mud. Magnetic susceptibility changes are distinct, ranging from 1-22 x 10-6 SI units in core one and 4-57 x 10-6 SI units in core five. Sediment is dominantly composed of siliciclastic material (50-99 weight %) with varying amounts of calcite (0.1-75 weight %) plus lesser amounts of organic matter (0.5-4.1 weight %). A distinct variation in sediment color, organic matter, and carbonate content, and median grain size (φ 50) occurs in the laminated sediment. The olive gray layers are characterized by well-sorted very fine silt and clay with a φ 50 <6 μ m, high carbonate content (>25%), and low organic matter content (<1%). The black laminae are generally higher in

  18. 76 FR 21891 - Seneca Nation of Indians; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-19

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Seneca Nation of Indians; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted..., 2011, the Seneca Nation of Indians filed an application for a preliminary permit, pursuant to section 4... owners' express permission. The Seneca Nation of Indians proposed project would consist of the...

  19. 76 FR 16846 - Illinois Disaster #IL-00029

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-25

    ... State of Illinois (FEMA- 1960-DR), dated 03/17/2011. Incident: Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm. Incident Period: 01/31/2011 through 02/03/2011. Effective Date: 03/17/2011. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 05/16/2011. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date: 12/19/2011....

  20. Middle Holocene Unconformity in Seneca Lake, NY

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curtin, T. M.; Crocker, M.; Loddengaard, K.

    2008-12-01

    The post-glacial history of the Finger Lakes, NY have involved several changes in lake levels throughout the latest Pleistocene and Holocene, resulting from the changing position of the retreating Laurentide ice sheet, river outlet position, glacial rebound, and water balance. Previous studies of high-resolution seismic reflection profiles from three Finger Lakes define a middle Holocene erosional surface at water depths as great as 26 m in the northern end of each of lake. There are two proposed hypotheses to explain the origin of the observed erosional surfaces: 1) subaerial erosion during a lake lowstand and 2) erosion resulting from increased internal seiche activity. To evaluate these hypotheses, we examined a series of 2 to 5 m long piston cores collected along a north-south transect from one of the Finger Lakes, Seneca Lake. Cores were correlated using distinctive changes in the profiles of grain size, loss-on-ignition, and magnetic susceptibility. We recognize a significant erosional unconformity of early to middle Holocene sediment at modern depths <60 m because portions of the normal deepwater sediment sequence were missing in cores and were commonly replaced by a thin zone of sand and abraded shells (bivalves, gastropods). At water depths >60 m, the unconformity continues as a conformable zone. We attribute the unconformity to wave abrasion and nearshore current winnowing of the shoreface during a lowstand. With an assumption of an effective 20 m wave base, the depth to the low level lake surface responsible for the unconformity is estimated to be 40 m. The age of the unconformity is ~6 ka, based on radiocarbon ages of lithologic boundaries in the sediment cores. Because the unconformity grades into a conformable zone in deepwater cores that display no change in lithology, we hypothesize that the large-scale lake level drop is likely not the result of climate change, but rather a change in accommodation space in the northern portion of the lake basin due

  1. The Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls: A Lesson Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OAH Magazine of History, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Uses the text of the Declaration of Sentiments, written at the 1848 women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York. Familiarizes students with key personalities and organizations in the women's movement and illustrates the significance of the history of women's rights. Provides discussion questions and related activities. (LS)

  2. Seneca And The Moon: The Cultural Importance Of Our Satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berno, Francesca Romana

    Scientists answered the famous Leopardian questions [``Tell me, silent Moon, what are you doing in the sky, silent Moon?''] since ancient times. Among them, Seneca (4 B.C.-65 A.C.) answered: the presence of the Moon in the sky makes us good (by making the corn grow, etc.). Just like the whole Universe, it is a part of the world that is the best of possible ones. And so, the movements of the Moon are regulated as a perfect machine. Therefore, the eclipses are not predictions of disasters - despite a superstition that is still alive nowadays. Moreover, the Moon is perfect, like all planets, and so it provides a wonderful, charming sight. But we look at it only when something strange happens, so Seneca says we are quite wrong. He suggests to study the Moon every day, when it is performing its duty in order to help us feeling good. It is useless watching it when there is something wrong about it. These events do not change our way of life. From this point of view, the Asian shepherd of Leopardi's poem would agree with Seneca: The contemplation of the sky is a sublime way to become relaxed and quiet. But no scientist would answer his question, because it concerns the aim of this planet, not the thing itself. In this case, also in 21st century, we need Seneca's philosophy, or faith in God, or, like Leopardi, illusion.

  3. 78 FR 37646 - Illinois Disaster Number IL-00042

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... Only for the State of Illinois (FEMA-4116-DR), dated 06/06/2013. Incident: Severe Storms, Straight-line Winds and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/16/2013 through 05/05/2013. Effective Date: 06/13/2013....

  4. 24 CFR 203.43j - Eligibility of mortgages on Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.43j Section 203.43j Housing and Urban Development... Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. A mortgage on a leasehold estate covering a one- to four-family residence located on the Allegany Reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians in the State of New York...

  5. 24 CFR 203.439a - Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section 203(q) of the National Housing Act. 203.439a... Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.439a Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  6. 24 CFR 203.43j - Eligibility of mortgages on Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.43j Section 203.43j Housing and Urban Development... Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. A mortgage on a leasehold estate covering a one- to four-family residence located on the Allegany Reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians in the State of New York...

  7. 24 CFR 203.666 - Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.666 Section 203.666 Housing and Urban... INSURANCE Servicing Responsibilities Assignment and Forbearance-Property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.666 Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  8. 24 CFR 203.43j - Eligibility of mortgages on Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.43j Section 203.43j Housing and Urban Development... Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. A mortgage on a leasehold estate covering a one- to four-family residence located on the Allegany Reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians in the State of New York...

  9. 24 CFR 203.666 - Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.666 Section 203.666 Housing and Urban... INSURANCE Servicing Responsibilities Assignment and Forbearance-Property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.666 Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  10. 24 CFR 203.666 - Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.666 Section 203.666 Housing and Urban... INSURANCE Servicing Responsibilities Assignment and Forbearance-Property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.666 Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  11. 24 CFR 203.43j - Eligibility of mortgages on Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.43j Section 203.43j Housing and Urban Development... Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. A mortgage on a leasehold estate covering a one- to four-family residence located on the Allegany Reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians in the State of New York...

  12. 24 CFR 203.666 - Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.666 Section 203.666 Housing and Urban... INSURANCE Servicing Responsibilities Assignment and Forbearance-Property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.666 Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  13. 24 CFR 203.439a - Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section 203(q) of the National Housing Act. 203.439a... Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.439a Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  14. 24 CFR 203.43j - Eligibility of mortgages on Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.43j Section 203.43j Housing and Urban Development... Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. A mortgage on a leasehold estate covering a one- to four-family residence located on the Allegany Reservation of the Seneca Nation of Indians in the State of New York...

  15. 24 CFR 203.439a - Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section 203(q) of the National Housing Act. 203.439a... Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.439a Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  16. 24 CFR 203.666 - Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians. 203.666 Section 203.666 Housing and Urban... INSURANCE Servicing Responsibilities Assignment and Forbearance-Property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.666 Processing defaulted mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  17. 24 CFR 203.439a - Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section 203(q) of the National Housing Act. 203.439a... Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.439a Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  18. 24 CFR 203.439a - Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation of Indians authorized by section 203(q) of the National Housing Act. 203.439a... Reservation of Seneca Indians § 203.439a Mortgages on property in Allegany Reservation of Seneca Nation...

  19. The Outdoor World: An Outdoor Science and Culture Program for Seneca Indian Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobey, Daniel C.

    1994-01-01

    Describes an outdoor summer science program for Seneca Indian children in grades 5-7 that featured weekly outdoor topics integrating science, traditional Native American/Seneca culture, and skills in reading and language arts. Daily activities included field trips, community guests, storytelling, and individual and group projects. (LP)

  20. An Overview of Language Preservation at Ohi: Yo'., the Seneca Allegany Territory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borgia, Melissa E.

    2010-01-01

    This project seeks to discover and disseminate information pertaining to the language practices and values of a selected group of "Onodowa'ga:'" (Seneca) at "Ohi:yo'", or the Allegany Territory, in upstate New York. The goal is to find where the current practices and values are situated in the larger picture of Seneca preservation as well as the…

  1. Learning from Seneca: A Stoic Perspective on the Art of Living and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groenendijk, Leendert F.; de Ruyter, Doret J.

    2009-01-01

    There is an increasing interest in publications about the sources of meaning in life; books about the art of living are immensely popular. This article discusses whether one of the ancient predecessors of current "art of living" theories, the Stoa and more particularly Seneca, can be of interest to educators today. Seneca's explicit writings on…

  2. 78 FR 56690 - Seneca Generation, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Seneca Generation, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market- Based Rate...-referenced proceeding, of Seneca Generation, LLC's application for market-based rate authority, with...

  3. Illinois' Career Cluster Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jankowski, Natasha A.; Kirby, Catherine L.; Bragg, Debra D.; Taylor, Jason L.; Oertle, Kathleen M.

    2009-01-01

    This booklet provides information to multiple stakeholders on the implementation of career clusters in Illinois. The booklet is an extension of the previous edition titled "An Introduction to Illinois CTE Programs of Study" (2008), and provides a resource for partners to understand Illinois' Career Cluster Model as its own adaptation of the…

  4. 75 FR 40816 - Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Meeting July 7, 2010. a. Date and Time of Meeting: Thursday, July 22, 2010 from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. CDT. b. Place: Illinois...

  5. 76 FR 30226 - Illinois Disaster Number IL-00029

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ... Only for the State of Illinois (FEMA-1960-DR), dated 03/17/2011. Incident: Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm. Incident Period: 01/31/2011 through 02/03/2011. Effective Date: 05/16/2011. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 05/16/2011. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date:...

  6. 75 FR 62516 - Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Ready for Environmental Analysis and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Ready for....: 12626-002. c. Date filed: March 31, 2009. d. Applicant: Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC. e. Name of... Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 791 (a)-825(r). h. Applicant Contact: Damon Zdunich, Northern Illinois...

  7. 75 FR 62518 - Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Ready for Environmental Analysis and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Ready for....: 12717-002. c. Date filed: May 27, 2009. d. Applicant: Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC. e. Name of...). h. Applicant Contact: Damon Zdunich, Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC, 801 Oakland Avenue,...

  8. Fiscal Year 2004 Salary Report for the Illinois Public Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Data about compensation received by employees in Illinois' 48 Illinois public community colleges are gathered into this report by the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB). Data in this Fiscal Year 2004 Salary Report reflect the census date of October 1, 2003. Data are presented by peer groups with statewide totals. Most of the 25 tables in this…

  9. Fiscal Year 2006 Salary Report for the Illinois Public Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Data about compensation received by employees in Illinois' 48 Illinois public community colleges are gathered by the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB). Data in the Fiscal Year 2006 Salary Report reflect the census date of October 1, 2005. Data are presented by peer groups with statewide totals. Most of the 25 tables in this report contain…

  10. Fiscal Year 2005 Salary Report for the Illinois Public Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Data about compensation received by employees in Illinois' 48 Illinois public community colleges are gathered by the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB). Data in the Fiscal Year 2005 Salary Report reflect the census date of October 1, 2004. Data are presented by peer groups with statewide totals. Most of the 25 tables in this report contain…

  11. 76 FR 52565 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Illinois Waterway, Joliet, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-23

    ... the bridge to be maintained in the closed-to- navigation position for ten hours. DATES: This deviation..., Illinois to remain in the closed-to-navigation position for ten hours while repair work is done on...

  12. Formula Funding in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fonte, Richard

    Formula funding in Illinois reflects decisions on value choices which can be grouped in the categories of enrollment linkage, mission and diversity recognition, equity and fair share, and quality and program improvement. The enrollment linkage of the Illinois formula ties credit hour grants and categorical programs directly to full-time equivalent…

  13. Evidence of Multiple Highstands and Lowstands During the Holocene in Seneca Lake, New York

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baker, A. P.; Curtin, T. M.

    2003-12-01

    The mid-Holocene Hypsithermal ( ˜8- ˜4 ka) is a well-known global warm period. Northern Hemisphere summer temperatures may have been 2-4° C warmer than present. Previous Holocene lake level reconstructions from North America indicate arid conditions existed between ˜9 and ˜6 ka. However, the timing of relative lake level lowstands in the midwestern United States does not correlate with the timing of lowstands in the eastern United States. In the Finger Lakes region of central New York State, the highest relative lake levels occurred during the Hypsithermal. For example, Cayuga Lake highstands occurred at 8.8, 7.0, and ˜5 ka and within Owasco Lake at 10.5 and 6.9 ka (Mullins 1998, Dwyer et al. 1996). The focus of this research is to establish the timing of lake level fluctuations in Seneca Lake, another Finger Lake, to investigate whether these fluctuations are local or regional phenomenon. A transect of six sediment cores were collected from the littoral to the profundal zone of Seneca Lake to determine the history of relative lake level change. Cores were analyzed for magnetic susceptibility, described, photographed, and sampled every 2 cm for total organic matter and carbonate content analyses. Temporal control of lake level fluctuations will be established by accelerator mass spectrometer radiocarbon dates of terrestrial organic matter and gastropods. The littoral zone cores consisted of early to mid-Holocene laminated olive gray and black medium-grained sand with pebble lags overlain by marl (> 30% CaCO3) with abundant gastropod lags (Lyminaeidae palustris, Planorbidae Helisoma anceps, and Planorbidae valata tricarinata) and rare pebble lags. Profundal zone cores contained proglacial pink clays overlain by Holocene mm-scale olive gray and black laminations of fine-grained sand and silt. Cores were correlated based on their carbonate and organic matter content. The shell and pebble lags were used as the primary indicators of lowstands. Laminated olive gray

  14. Analysis of extensive air showers with the hybrid code SENECA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ortiz, Jeferson A.; de Souza, Vitor; Medina-Tanco, Gustavo

    The ultrahigh energy tail of the cosmic ray spectrum has been explored with unprecedented detail. For this reason, new experiments are exerting a severe pressure on extensive air shower modeling. Detailed fast codes are in need in order to extract and understand the richness of information now available. In this sense we explore the potential of SENECA, an efficient hybrid tridimensional simulation code, as a valid practical alternative to full Monte Carlo simulations of extensive air showers generated by ultrahigh energy cosmic rays. We discuss the influence of this approach on the main longitudinal characteristics of proton, iron nucleus and gamma induced air showers for different hadronic interaction models. We also show the comparisons of our predictions with those of CORSIKA code.

  15. Illinois Corrections Project Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hungerford, Jack

    1974-01-01

    The Illinois Corrections Project for Law-Focused Education, which brings law-focused curriculum into corrections institutions, was initiated in 1973 with a summer institute and includes programs in nine particpating institutions. (JH)

  16. The Illinois Black Codes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bridges, Roger D.; Daley, Harry

    1996-01-01

    Presents an excellent lesson plan discussing the repressive racial legislation that remained enforced in Illinois even after the repeal of slavery. Background material also covers the black communities' response to these racist laws. Includes teaching suggestions, handouts, and activities. (MJP)

  17. 75 FR 70743 - Seneca Energy, II LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Seneca Energy, II LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market- Based Rate... notice in the above-referenced proceeding Seneca Energy, II LLC's application for market-based...

  18. A Little School, a Reservation Divided: Quaker Education and Allegany Seneca Leadership in the Early American Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholas, Mark A.

    2006-01-01

    Western New York's Allegany Seneca Reservation was a troubled place. John Peirce, one of many Allegany chiefs, could only lament in 1821 how a political situation had spiraled out of control: "war had risen amongst them." Within a span of a few years, Quakers operating a schoolhouse on Seneca lands had ripped apart the Allegany people. In 1816,…

  19. Oncolytic Seneca Valley Virus: past perspectives and future directions

    PubMed Central

    Burke, Michael J

    2016-01-01

    Seneca Valley Virus isolate 001 (SVV-001) is an oncolytic RNA virus of the Picornaviridae family. It is also the first picornavirus discovered of the novel genus Senecavirus. SVV-001 replicates through an RNA intermediate, bypassing a DNA phase, and is unable to integrate into the host genome. SVV-001 was originally discovered as a contaminant in the cell culture of fetal retinoblasts and has since been identified as a potent oncolytic virus against tumors of neuroendocrine origin. SVV-001 has a number of features that make it an attractive oncolytic virus, namely, its ability to target and penetrate solid tumors via intravenous administration, inability for insertional mutagenesis, and being a self-replicating RNA virus with selective tropism for cancer cells. SVV-001 has been studied in both pediatric and adult early phase studies reporting safety and some clinical efficacy, albeit primarily in adult tumors. This review summarizes the current knowledge of SVV-001 and what its future as an oncolytic virus may hold.

  20. Oncolytic Seneca Valley Virus: past perspectives and future directions.

    PubMed

    Burke, Michael J

    2016-01-01

    Seneca Valley Virus isolate 001 (SVV-001) is an oncolytic RNA virus of the Picornaviridae family. It is also the first picornavirus discovered of the novel genus Senecavirus. SVV-001 replicates through an RNA intermediate, bypassing a DNA phase, and is unable to integrate into the host genome. SVV-001 was originally discovered as a contaminant in the cell culture of fetal retinoblasts and has since been identified as a potent oncolytic virus against tumors of neuroendocrine origin. SVV-001 has a number of features that make it an attractive oncolytic virus, namely, its ability to target and penetrate solid tumors via intravenous administration, inability for insertional mutagenesis, and being a self-replicating RNA virus with selective tropism for cancer cells. SVV-001 has been studied in both pediatric and adult early phase studies reporting safety and some clinical efficacy, albeit primarily in adult tumors. This review summarizes the current knowledge of SVV-001 and what its future as an oncolytic virus may hold. PMID:27660749

  1. Oncolytic Seneca Valley Virus: past perspectives and future directions

    PubMed Central

    Burke, Michael J

    2016-01-01

    Seneca Valley Virus isolate 001 (SVV-001) is an oncolytic RNA virus of the Picornaviridae family. It is also the first picornavirus discovered of the novel genus Senecavirus. SVV-001 replicates through an RNA intermediate, bypassing a DNA phase, and is unable to integrate into the host genome. SVV-001 was originally discovered as a contaminant in the cell culture of fetal retinoblasts and has since been identified as a potent oncolytic virus against tumors of neuroendocrine origin. SVV-001 has a number of features that make it an attractive oncolytic virus, namely, its ability to target and penetrate solid tumors via intravenous administration, inability for insertional mutagenesis, and being a self-replicating RNA virus with selective tropism for cancer cells. SVV-001 has been studied in both pediatric and adult early phase studies reporting safety and some clinical efficacy, albeit primarily in adult tumors. This review summarizes the current knowledge of SVV-001 and what its future as an oncolytic virus may hold. PMID:27660749

  2. Oncolytic Seneca Valley Virus: past perspectives and future directions.

    PubMed

    Burke, Michael J

    2016-01-01

    Seneca Valley Virus isolate 001 (SVV-001) is an oncolytic RNA virus of the Picornaviridae family. It is also the first picornavirus discovered of the novel genus Senecavirus. SVV-001 replicates through an RNA intermediate, bypassing a DNA phase, and is unable to integrate into the host genome. SVV-001 was originally discovered as a contaminant in the cell culture of fetal retinoblasts and has since been identified as a potent oncolytic virus against tumors of neuroendocrine origin. SVV-001 has a number of features that make it an attractive oncolytic virus, namely, its ability to target and penetrate solid tumors via intravenous administration, inability for insertional mutagenesis, and being a self-replicating RNA virus with selective tropism for cancer cells. SVV-001 has been studied in both pediatric and adult early phase studies reporting safety and some clinical efficacy, albeit primarily in adult tumors. This review summarizes the current knowledge of SVV-001 and what its future as an oncolytic virus may hold.

  3. Will New Illinois Principal Preparation Programs Fix Illinois Public Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanTuyle, Vicki; Hunt, John W.

    2013-01-01

    In July, 2010 Illinois Governor Pat Quinn signed into law Senate Bill 226 requiring new and more stringent requirements for certification and endorsement of Illinois principals. This Illinois legislation followed other states in adopting widespread educational reform measures aimed at improving student achievement, connecting the responsibility…

  4. Pneumatism in Seneca: an example of interaction between physics and medicine.

    PubMed

    Le Blay, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    The reading of Seneca's works is of the greatest interest for the history of ancient medicine since this Stoic philosopher makes extensive use of medical comparisons and references with regard to ethics and epistemology. Seneca should therefore be considered as an indirect but important witness to the tracing of medical doxography. The study of his Problems in Nature (Naturales Quaestiones), as they are based on a pneumatical etiological system, shows the complexity of the relationship between medical and philosophical schools. It also brings new light on some of the treatises from the Hippocratic Corpus.

  5. Illinois Wind Workers Group

    SciTech Connect

    David G. Loomis

    2012-05-28

    The Illinois Wind Working Group (IWWG) was founded in 2006 with about 15 members. It has grown to over 200 members today representing all aspects of the wind industry across the State of Illinois. In 2008, the IWWG developed a strategic plan to give direction to the group and its activities. The strategic plan identifies ways to address critical market barriers to the further penetration of wind. The key to addressing these market barriers is public education and outreach. Since Illinois has a restructured electricity market, utilities no longer have a strong control over the addition of new capacity within the state. Instead, market acceptance depends on willing landowners to lease land and willing county officials to site wind farms. Many times these groups are uninformed about the benefits of wind energy and unfamiliar with the process. Therefore, many of the project objectives focus on conferences, forum, databases and research that will allow these stakeholders to make well-educated decisions.

  6. Illinois Trustee, 1991-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Trustee, 1992

    1992-01-01

    "Illinois Trustee," the official publication of the Illinois Community College Trustees Association (ICCTA), is distributed to all trustees, chancellors, and presidents, as well as to other persons interested in the public community colleges of Illinois. These five issues of volume 22 include the following articles: (1) "Colleges Receive 1.6%…

  7. Voices for Illinois Children, 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voices for Illinois Children, 1997

    1997-01-01

    These two newsletter issues recount activities of Voices for Illinois Children to ensure that basic needs of children, families, and communities are met. The summer issue notes various bills in progress in the Illinois House, and looks at the lack of health insurance affecting more than 300,000 Illinois children. Child advocacy efforts are also…

  8. Voices for Illinois Children, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voices for Illinois Children, 1999

    1999-01-01

    This document is comprised of the three "Voices for Illinois Children" newsletter issues published during 1999. Voices for Illinois Children is a child advocacy group that works to make kids "count" in Illinois and to ensure that the basic needs of all children, families, and communities are met. These newsletter issues explore topics pertaining…

  9. Voices for Illinois Children, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voices for Illinois Children, 1998

    1998-01-01

    This document consists of the three issues of the "Voices for Illinois Children" newsletter published during 1998. Voices for Illinois Children is a child advocacy group that works to make kids "count" in Illinois and to ensure that the basic needs of all children, families, and communities are met. These three newsletter issues explore topics…

  10. State summaries: Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lasemi, Z.; Mikulic, Donald G.

    2006-01-01

    According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), Illinois ranked third in the amount of crushed stone produced from underground mining operations. In 2004, Illinois produced more than 76.5 Mt of crushed stone and 38.7 Mt of sand-and-gravel. Preliminary data for 2005 showed an increase in the production of crushed stone and a slight decrease in the production of sand-and-gravel. The state remained 16th in total value of nonfuel mineral production. In decreasing order of value, the minerals produced included crushed stone, cement, construction sand and gravel, lime, clay, peat, tripoli, industrial sand, crushed sandstone and gemstone.

  11. 75 FR 14436 - Ameren Corporation, Illinois Power Company, Central Illinois Light Company, Central Illinois...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Ameren Corporation, Illinois Power Company, Central Illinois Light Company, Central Illinois Public Service Company, Ameren Energy Resources Company, LLC, AmerenEnergy Resources Generating Company; Notice of Filing March 18, 2010. Take notice that on March 15, 2010, Ameren...

  12. Illinois: Prevention Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Illinois Prevention Initiative provides grants to home-based and center-based programs to expand access to the Early Head Start (EHS) model as well as other birth to 3 models. The goal is to serve additional children birth to age 3 and help grantees increase program quality. The initiative to expand access to EHS and other models was…

  13. Rural Libraries in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossland, Brent, Ed.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    This theme issue includes 13 articles that discuss rural library concerns in Illinois. Topics addressed include strengthening library services; rural trends and their impact on libraries; partnerships; Cooperative Extension Service revitalization; financing; economic development; resource sharing in school libraries; and public libraries and user…

  14. 75 FR 63540 - Norfolk Southern Railway Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Illinois Central Railroad Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... Surface Transportation Board Norfolk Southern Railway Company--Trackage Rights Exemption-- Illinois Central Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement dated August 17, 2010, Illinois Central Railroad Company (IC) has agreed to grant overhead trackage rights to Norfolk Southern...

  15. Complete Genome Sequence of Seneca Valley Virus CH-01-2015 Identified in China.

    PubMed

    Wu, Qiwen; Zhao, Xiaoya; Chen, Yanshan; He, Xiaoming; Zhang, Guanqun; Ma, Jingyun

    2016-01-01

    The complete genome sequence of Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a single-stranded RNA virus that causes porcine vesicular disease in China, has been sequenced and analyzed. This Chinese isolate shares 94.4 to 97.1% sequence identity to another 8 strains from Canada, Brazil, and the United States. This is the first report of SVV infecting swine in China. PMID:26798089

  16. A Needs Assessment of Professional Development Activities for Probationary Faculty at Seneca College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jarvis, Kerry

    Thirty-one probationary faculty from Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology (Ontario, Canada) participated in a research study that examined their individual and collective professional development needs. The study was conducted in the fall of 1991. Probationary faculty completed a survey instrument that was comprised of three parts. Part 1…

  17. Women's History and Seneca Falls: An ERIC/ChESS Sample.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paris, Matthew

    1998-01-01

    Presents an annotated bibliography of educational resources related to women's history and the historic Seneca Falls (New York) conference on women's rights. Materials selected include books, academic journals, theme issues, videos, workbooks, and curriculum guides. Includes information on locating, ordering, and reproduction of these resources.…

  18. Saving the Seneca Outdoor Recreation Program: A Case Study in Exerting Political Influence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magee, Clare

    1998-01-01

    This case study demonstrates the process of exerting political influence in faculty's systematic efforts to save the outdoor recreation program at Seneca College (Ontario). A chart and explanatory list present a seven-stage plan for influencing political decision-making. (SAS)

  19. Transforming Your College To Meet the New Financial Realities: The Seneca Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinlan, Steven

    Seneca College is the designated community college for the City of North York, in the Greater Toronto Area, and is the most culturally diverse college in Ontario, with over 70 languages spoken by students. It also offers the largest business and among the largest applied science programs in Canada. In November 1995, in response to severe…

  20. Complete Genome Sequence of Seneca Valley Virus CH-01-2015 Identified in China.

    PubMed

    Wu, Qiwen; Zhao, Xiaoya; Chen, Yanshan; He, Xiaoming; Zhang, Guanqun; Ma, Jingyun

    2016-01-21

    The complete genome sequence of Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a single-stranded RNA virus that causes porcine vesicular disease in China, has been sequenced and analyzed. This Chinese isolate shares 94.4 to 97.1% sequence identity to another 8 strains from Canada, Brazil, and the United States. This is the first report of SVV infecting swine in China.

  1. Complete Genome Sequence of Seneca Valley Virus CH-01-2015 Identified in China

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Qiwen; Zhao, Xiaoya; Chen, Yanshan; He, Xiaoming; Zhang, Guanqun

    2016-01-01

    The complete genome sequence of Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a single-stranded RNA virus that causes porcine vesicular disease in China, has been sequenced and analyzed. This Chinese isolate shares 94.4 to 97.1% sequence identity to another 8 strains from Canada, Brazil, and the United States. This is the first report of SVV infecting swine in China. PMID:26798089

  2. Illinois reclaimed soil productivity: Restoration techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Smout, G.

    1998-12-31

    Consolidation Coal Co. (Consol) has nearly 8,000 acres of high capability and prime farmland reclamation responsibility in Illinois. It has been involved in research in the area of restored soil productivity since 1976 with the University of Illinois and Southern Illinois University, Carbondale. Consol maintains an intensive program to demonstrate and test deep tillage equipment. The research and in-house demonstrations identified soil physical strength (compaction) as the main limiting factor to restoring a soil`s productive capacity. There are two primary ways to address this issue, prevention and amelioration. The former was not an option for Consol because many acres were already reclaimed and the company had a major scraper fleet. Along with other operators in Illinois, Consol started an aggressive search for equipment and techniques that could loosen compacted soils. In 1987 Consol was the first to use the D.M.I.-Super Tiger deep soil plow, originally developed and manufactured by D.M.I., Inc. of Goodfield, Illinois. This plow is composed of a single parabolic, static shank with a 44-inch wide sweep weighing 1,200 pounds. It is capable of plowing 48 inches deep while leaving the top soil in place. A Caterpillar D9L tractor with 460 horsepower is used to pull the plow. In 1990 the decision was made to commit to this equipment as the best technology currently available. In 1994 Consol received a patent waiver from D.M.I. to build its own plow. The Consol built plow has been in use since the summer of 1995. To date, Consol has plowed over 3,900 acres with a D.M.I. plow.

  3. Chicago, Illinois, USA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    In this late winter scene of Chicago, Illinois, USA (42.0N, 87.5W) the light dusting of snow has actually enhanced the determination of the cities street pattern, parks and other cultural features. Sited at the south end of Lake Michigan, Chicago has long served as an industrial, transportation and communications center for the midwest. The obvious snowline on the ground enables meteorologists to trace the regional groundtracks of winter storms.

  4. Reinterpretation of the Robein and Plano Silts, northeastern Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Curry, B.B.; Kempton, J.P.

    1985-01-01

    Reinterpretation of till stratigraphy in northern Illinois and recently obtained radiocarbon dates suggest the Plano Silt is lithologically and stratigraphically indistinguishable from the Robein Silt. These recent data suggest colluvial silt and organic-rich sediment were deposited in most of the northern Illinois between >50,000 and 23,000 RCBP. This age range agrees with radiocarbon dates from the Mid-Wisconsinan Sidney Interstadial Soil of the Huron-Erie Lobe. Altonian (Early to Mid-Wisconsinan)-age till associated with the Lake Michigan Lobe has not yet been identified. Horberg and others recognize in northeastern Illinois a single basal Wisconsinan organic-rich zone; peat, silt and loess of the Farmdalian Substage were interpreted to overlie Sangamon Soil developed in Illinoian drift. They also interpreted a reddish-brown diamicton overlying the Plano Silt at its type section as the Capron Till Member of late Altonian age. The new data support the earlier interpretation of a single organic-rich deposit between Wisconsinan and Illinoian drifts. The Plano Silt should be abandoned as a rock-stratigraphic unit. The Robein Silt includes colluvium and organic-rich sediment not only of Farmdalian age, but also Altonian age in most of northern Illinois, similar to the rest of the upper Mississippi River Valley. The evidence of nearly continuous Robein deposition restricts possible Altonian-age glacial deposits to a narrow band on Capron Ridge in northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin.

  5. 77 FR 2286 - Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Meeting a. Date and Time of... Hydropower, LLC to discuss potentially moving the powerhouse location for the Brandon Road Project No....

  6. 78 FR 27033 - Safety Zone; High Water Conditions; Illinois River

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; High Water Conditions; Illinois River... intended to place restrictions on vessels due to current extreme high-water conditions. This safety zone is... flood waters and potential catastrophic failure of the Marseilles Dam. DATES: This rule will be...

  7. Illinois Community College Board Fiscal Year 2007 Spring Enrollment Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Community colleges report opening Spring term enrollment figures to the Illinois Community College Board via a brief web based survey. These figures reflect only those students enrolled in credit courses that were operational on the census date (last day for course registration for regular classes). This report summarizes the survey results. This…

  8. 40 CFR 62.3332 - Effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Illinois Landfill Gas Emissions from Existing Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 62.3332 Effective date. The effective date of the plan for municipal solid waste landfills is January 22, 1999. Emissions From Small Municipal Waste Combustion...

  9. 40 CFR 62.3332 - Effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Illinois Landfill Gas Emissions from Existing Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 62.3332 Effective date. The effective date of the plan for municipal solid waste landfills is January 22, 1999. Emissions From Small Municipal Waste Combustion...

  10. 40 CFR 62.3332 - Effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Illinois Landfill Gas Emissions from Existing Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 62.3332 Effective date. The effective date of the plan for municipal solid waste landfills is January 22, 1999. Emissions From Small Municipal Waste Combustion...

  11. 40 CFR 62.3332 - Effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Illinois Landfill Gas Emissions from Existing Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 62.3332 Effective date. The effective date of the plan for municipal solid waste landfills is January 22, 1999. Emissions From Small Municipal Waste Combustion...

  12. 40 CFR 62.3332 - Effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Illinois Landfill Gas Emissions from Existing Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 62.3332 Effective date. The effective date of the plan for municipal solid waste landfills is January 22, 1999. Emissions From Small Municipal Waste Combustion...

  13. Tectonic history of the Illinois basin

    SciTech Connect

    Kolata, D.R.; Nelson, J.W. )

    1990-05-01

    The Illinois basin began as a failed rift that developed during breakup of a supercontinent approximately 550 Ma. A rift basin in the southernmost part of the present Illinois basin subsided rapidly and filled with about 3,000 m of probable Early and Middle Cambrian sediments. By the Late Cambrian, the rift-bounding faults became inactive and a broad relatively slowly subsiding embayment, extending well beyond the rift and open to the Iapetus Ocean, persisted through most of the Paleozoic Era. Widespread deformation swept through the proto-Illinois basin beginning in the latest Mississippian, continuing to the end of the Paleozoic Era. Uplift of basement fault blocks resulted in the formation of many major folds and faults. The timing of deformation and location of these structures in the forelands of the Ouachita and Alleghanian orogenic belts suggest that much of the deformation resulted from continental collision between North America and Gondwana. The associated compressional stress reactivated the ancient rift-bounding faults, upthrusting the northern edge of a crustal block approximately 1,000 m within the rift. Concurrently, dikes (radiometrically dated as Early Permian), sills, and explosion breccias formed in or adjacent to the reactivated rift. Subsequent extensional stress, probably associated with breakup of Pangea, caused the crustal block within the rift to sink back to near its original position. High-angle, northeast- to east-west-trending normal faults, with as much as 1,000 m of displacement, formed in the southern part of the basin. These faults displace some of the northwest trending Early Permian dikes. Structural closure of the southern end of the Illinois basin was caused by uplift of the Pascola arch sometime between the Late Pennsylvanian and Late Cretaceous.

  14. School Tort Law in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menacker, Julius

    1990-01-01

    Illinois tort policy has swung from supporting the sovereign immunity of school districts, to completely striking down sovereign immunity, to narrowing conditions in which districts and employees could be liable. Advises Illinois and other states with similar problems to develop legislation and court precedents to reduce the complexity of tort…

  15. Illinois State Scholarship Commission Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Scholarship Commission, Deerfield.

    The Illinois State Scholarship Commission (ISSC) is responsible for the administration of 9 state authorized and funded financial aid programs for Illinois postsecondary students. The major programs consist of: (1) nonrepayable monetary awards, and (2) guaranteed educational loans. The purposes of the Commission's programs are to: (1) equalize…

  16. Illinois' nonpoint source management program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-07-01

    The Illinois Nonpoint Source (NPS) Management Program (Program) describes the statewide authorities that give the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) responsibility to develop and implement this Program. It provides a brief summary of the results of the States' NPS assessment as reported in the Illinois Water Quality Report. Included are eleven sections correlated to NPS pollution sources, or to an area of water pollution protection initiatives. These sections outline goals and objectives to be implemented in Illinois to abate NPS pollution, when possible the sections include a descriptive narrative. Included in the Program, is the process or mechanism which Illinois uses to prioritize and fund future projects. Finally, this Program identifies the federal programs that the IEPA currently reviews for consistency with statewide goals and objectives. Revisions to the Program will be made in accordance with state and federal program changes and as needed.

  17. Olive School, Arlington Heights, Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rausch, Kathy

    1974-01-01

    Article stressed the need for a music teacher in an open school to have an openness to people and ideas. It also described the educational objectives at the Olive School in Arlington Heights, Illinois. (Author/RK)

  18. Illinois solid waste management legislation

    SciTech Connect

    1999-07-01

    Contents include: Degradable Plastic Act; Energy Assistance Act of 1989; Hazardous and Solid Waste Recycling and Treatment Act; Household Hazardous Waste Collection Program Act; Illinois Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act; Illinois Environmental Facilities Financing Act; Illinois Procurement Code; Illinois Solid Waste Management Act; Intergovernmental Cooperation Act; Junkyard Act; Litter Control Act; Local Solid Waste Disposal Act; Metro East Solid Waste Disposal and Energy Producing Service Act; Recycled Newsprint Use Act; Responsible Property Transfer Act of 1988; Solid Waste Disposal District Act; Solid Waste Planning and Recycling Act; Solid Waste Site Operator Certification Law; Township Refuse Collection and Disposal Act; Toxic Pollution Prevention Act; Used Motor Oil Recycling Act; Waste Oil Recovery Act; and Water Supply, Drainage and Flood Control Act.

  19. 40 CFR 62.3351 - Effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Illinois Metals, Acid Gases, Organic Compounds and Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Existing Municipal Waste Combustors with the Capacity to Combust Greater Than 250 Tons Per Day of Municipal Solid Waste § 62.3351 Effective date. The Federal...

  20. 40 CFR 62.3351 - Effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Illinois Metals, Acid Gases, Organic Compounds and Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Existing Municipal Waste Combustors with the Capacity to Combust Greater Than 250 Tons Per Day of Municipal Solid Waste § 62.3351 Effective date. The Federal...

  1. 40 CFR 62.3351 - Effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROMULGATION OF STATE PLANS FOR DESIGNATED FACILITIES AND POLLUTANTS Illinois Metals, Acid Gases, Organic Compounds and Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Existing Municipal Waste Combustors with the Capacity to Combust Greater Than 250 Tons Per Day of Municipal Solid Waste § 62.3351 Effective date. The Federal...

  2. Ready, Set, Grow: Illinois Preschool. A Framework for Universal Access to Quality Preschool in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallen, Margie

    The Illinois Governor's Task Force on Universal Access to Preschool is part of a broad-based effort to increase the quality of life for all children in Illinois. This report presents the action plan developed by this task force and calls for the creation of Illinois Preschool, a program giving all Illinois families quality preschool options for 3-…

  3. The Seneca Falls Convention: Teaching about the Rights of Women and the Heritage of the Declaration of Independence. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborn, Elizabeth R.

    Different groups at different times have turned to founding documents of the United States to meet their needs and to declare their entitlement to the promises of the Revolution of 1776. At Seneca Falls, New York in the summer of 1848, a group of U.S. men and women met to discuss the legal limitations imposed on women during this period. Their…

  4. 78 FR 27961 - Gordon Foster and Seneca Falls School, Deep Creek Energy LLC; Notice of Transfer of Exemption

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Gordon Foster and Seneca Falls School, Deep Creek Energy LLC; Notice of Transfer of Exemption 1. By letter filed March 20, 2013, Mr. Brian Gogarty, Deep Creek Energy LLC...

  5. 78 FR 49605 - Norfolk Southern Railway Company-Discontinuance of Service Exemption-in Ontario, Seneca, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Norfolk Southern Railway Company--Discontinuance of Service Exemption--in Ontario, Seneca, and Wayne Counties, NY Norfolk Southern Railway Company (NSR) has filed a verified...

  6. 76 FR 60015 - FirstEnergy Generation Corporation; Seneca Nation of Indians; Notice of Tribal Consultation Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FirstEnergy Generation Corporation; Seneca Nation of Indians; Notice of... meeting on September 28, 2011, at 9:30 a.m. The meeting will be held at the following location:...

  7. Visualizations of Illinois Educational Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, Cacey; Marder, Michael; Nagel, Sidney

    2015-03-01

    We examine data from scores on standardized exams taken by students in the state of Illinois. In order to analyze the factors affecting school performance in mathematics, we represent the data through visualizations, an approach commonly used to identify patterns in studies of physical systems. Exam scores for different schools are shown to depend on program type, location, and poverty concentration. For most schools in Illinois, test scores decline linearly with increased poverty concentration. However schools in Chicago show deviations from the linear trend. For any given poverty level, schools in Chicago perform better than those in other communities of Illinois. We also compare different school types, such as neighborhood, magnet, and charter programs, at each grade level. The city's selective enrollment programs show notably superior achievement at the high school level. This is less pronounced at earlier grades.

  8. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Plastics Molding Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in jobs in the plastics molding industry. Agency partners involved in this project include: the Illinois State Board of Education, Illinois Community…

  9. Illinois Trustee, Summer 93-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Trustee, 1994

    1994-01-01

    "Illinois Trustee," the official publication of the Illinois Community College Trustees Association (ICCTA), is distributed to all trustees, chancellors, and presidents, as well as to other persons interested in the public community colleges of Illinois. These four issues of volume 24 include the following articles: (1) "Community College Budget…

  10. Illinois Teacher Salary Study, 1999-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaska, Karol K.

    This study examines the Illinois teacher salary schedule, fringe benefits, and contract provisions by school district, special education cooperative, and area vocational center. It also presents a statewide analysis. Information comes from the 1999-00 Illinois Teacher Salary Study completed by superintendents in all Illinois school districts and…

  11. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Occupational Therapy Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in jobs in occupational therapy. Agency partners involved in this project include: the Illinois State board of Education, Illinois Community College…

  12. BURDEN FALLS ROADLESS AREA, ILLINOIS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Klasner, John S.; Thompson, Robert M.

    1984-01-01

    The Burden Falls Roadless Area lies in the Shawnee National Forest of southern Illinois, about 5 mi west of the western edge of the Illinois-Kentucky fluorspar district. Geologic mapping and geochemical surveys indicate that the area has little promise for the occurrence of fluorspar and associated minerals; other special studies also indicate little promise for oil and gas and construction materials. Traces of gold and silver were detected in some geochemical samples but follow-up studies indicate little promise for the occurrence of resources of these metals within the Burden Falls Roadless Area.

  13. The new albany shale in Illinois: Emerging play or prolific source

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Crockett, J.; Morse, D.

    2010-01-01

    The New Albany shale (Upper Devonian) in the Illinois basin is the primary hydrocarbon source rock for the basins nearly 4 billion bbl of oil production to date. The gas play is well-established in Indiana and Western Kentucky. One in-situ oil producing well was reported in a multiply competed well in the New Albany at Johnsonville field in Wayne County, Illinois. The Illinois gas and oil wells at Russellville, in Lawrence County are closely associated with the 0.6% reflectance contour, which suggests a higher level of thermal maturity in this area. Today, only one field, Russellville in eastern Lawrence County has established commercial production in the Ness Albany in Illinois. Two wildcat wells with gas shows were drilled in recent years in southern Saline County, where the New Albany is relatively deeply buried and close to faults associated with the Fluorspar District.

  14. We Depend on Illinois' Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Springfield.

    This teachers guide contains information and activities to provide 5th-grade students with a hands-on experience with air, land, and water pollution in Illinois. This booklet incorporates previous documents entitled: "Water the Liquid of Life,""The Land We Depend On," and "The Air We Breathe." The materials are designed to develop research,…

  15. Illinois Tech Prep Planning Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Univ., Urbana. Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    This tech prep planning handbook is based on the research conducted at the Office of Community College Research and Leadership, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The study involved information gathering procedures at each of the 17 tech prep pilot sites about their planning activities. Seven sections are included: (1) tech prep in…

  16. Illinois Shifting Gears Policy Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weitzel, Peter C.

    2009-01-01

    Illinois Shifting Gears is a multilevel initiative that has simultaneously created bridge programs in the field and altered state policy to facilitate the creation of more programs in the future. These efforts have informed each other, giving policymakers the opportunity to interact with practitioners, troubleshoot bridge programs, and make…

  17. Illinois: Child Care Collaboration Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Illinois Child Care Collaboration Program promotes collaboration between child care and other early care and education providers, including Early Head Start (EHS), by creating policies to ease blending of funds to extend the day or year of existing services. While no funding is provided through the initiative, participating programs may take…

  18. Illinois Birds. Nature Discovery I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Sally F.

    The birds of Illinois and their particular habitats are explored in this guide which is a part of a series of Nature Discovery publications. The materials are designed to directly supplement the natural science curricula and to complement other subject areas including social studies, language arts, music, and art. The program is formated for…

  19. Dating Violence

    MedlinePlus

    ... Parents of Teens Crime, Teens, and Trauma Assault Bullying and Harassment Child Sexual Abuse Dating Violence Sexual ... Parents of Teens Crime, Teens, and Trauma Assault Bullying and Harassment Child Sexual Abuse Dating Violence Sexual ...

  20. Radiocarbon Dating

    SciTech Connect

    Buchholz, B A

    2007-12-20

    Radiocarbon dating can be used to determine the age of objects that contain components that were once alive. In the case of human remains, a radiocarbon date can distinguish between a crime scene and an archeological site. Documents, museum artifacts and art objects can be dated to determine if their age is correct for the historical context. A radiocarbon date does not confirm authenticity, but it can help identify a forgery.

  1. Dating Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stader, David L.

    2011-01-01

    Dating violence is a form of student-on-student victimization and is a serious school safety issue. Research indicates that at a minimum, 10 percent of high school students are victims of dating violence in one form or another. Among female high school students that date, some data indicate that as many as 30 percent may be victims of dating…

  2. Structure of Seneca Valley Virus-001: an oncolytic picornavirus representing a new genus.

    PubMed

    Venkataraman, Sangita; Reddy, Seshidhar P; Loo, Jackie; Idamakanti, Neeraja; Hallenbeck, Paul L; Reddy, Vijay S

    2008-10-01

    The crystal structure of Seneca Valley Virus-001 (SVV-001), the representative member of a new genus, Senecavirus, is reported at 2.3A resolution. SVV-001 is the first naturally occurring nonpathogenic picornavirus shown to mediate selective cytotoxicity towards tumor cells with neuroendocrine cancer features. The nonsegmented (+) ssRNA genome of SVV-001 shares closest sequence similarity with the genomes of the members of Cardiovirus. The overall tertiary structure of VP1-VP4 subunits is conserved with the exception of loops, especially those of VP1 that show large deviations relative to the members of the cardioviruses. The surface loops of VP1 and VP2 are predicted to mediate cell tropism of SVV-001. In addition, the organization of the packaged nucleic acid density indicates that certain regions of VP2 and VP4 interact closely with the packaged nucleic acid.

  3. Longitudinal development of extensive air showers: Hybrid code SENECA and full Monte Carlo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ortiz, Jeferson A.; Medina-Tanco, Gustavo; de Souza, Vitor

    2005-06-01

    New experiments, exploring the ultra-high energy tail of the cosmic ray spectrum with unprecedented detail, are exerting a severe pressure on extensive air shower modelling. Detailed fast codes are in need in order to extract and understand the richness of information now available. Some hybrid simulation codes have been proposed recently to this effect (e.g., the combination of the traditional Monte Carlo scheme and system of cascade equations or pre-simulated air showers). In this context, we explore the potential of SENECA, an efficient hybrid tri-dimensional simulation code, as a valid practical alternative to full Monte Carlo simulations of extensive air showers generated by ultra-high energy cosmic rays. We extensively compare hybrid method with the traditional, but time consuming, full Monte Carlo code CORSIKA which is the de facto standard in the field. The hybrid scheme of the SENECA code is based on the simulation of each particle with the traditional Monte Carlo method at two steps of the shower development: the first step predicts the large fluctuations in the very first particle interactions at high energies while the second step provides a well detailed lateral distribution simulation of the final stages of the air shower. Both Monte Carlo simulation steps are connected by a cascade equation system which reproduces correctly the hadronic and electromagnetic longitudinal profile. We study the influence of this approach on the main longitudinal characteristics of proton, iron nucleus and gamma induced air showers and compare the predictions of the well known CORSIKA code using the QGSJET hadronic interaction model.

  4. Radiocarbon Dating.

    PubMed

    Van Strydonck, Mark

    2016-04-01

    Although most historians and art historians consider the radiocarbon dating technique not to be very precise by their criteria, the method has gained much importance over the last decades. Radiocarbon dating is increasingly used in the field of textile research and old polychrome statues, but also objects made of ivory, stucco, paper, and parchment are dated with the technique. Especially after the introduction of the AMS technique, a boom of this type of research has been noticed.

  5. Radiocarbon Dating.

    PubMed

    Van Strydonck, Mark

    2016-04-01

    Although most historians and art historians consider the radiocarbon dating technique not to be very precise by their criteria, the method has gained much importance over the last decades. Radiocarbon dating is increasingly used in the field of textile research and old polychrome statues, but also objects made of ivory, stucco, paper, and parchment are dated with the technique. Especially after the introduction of the AMS technique, a boom of this type of research has been noticed. PMID:27573138

  6. 75 FR 9276 - Harvard Illinois Bancorp, Inc., Harvard, Illinois; Approval of Conversion Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Thrift Supervision Harvard Illinois Bancorp, Inc., Harvard, Illinois; Approval of Conversion... application of Harvard Savings Bank, Harvard, Illinois, to convert to the stock form of organization....

  7. 76 FR 40237 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Illinois Waterway, Near Morris, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Illinois Waterway, Near Morris, IL... objections were received. In accordance with 33 CFR 117.35(e), the drawbridge must return to its regular... regulations is authorized under 33 CFR 117.35. Dated: June 22, 2011. Eric A. Washburn, Bridge...

  8. Laboratory for Radiokrypton Dating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zappala, J. C.; Jiang, W.; Bailey, K. G.; Lu, Z. T.; Mueller, P.; O'Connor, T. P.

    2015-12-01

    Due to its simple production and transport in the terrestrial environment, 81Kr (half-life = 230,000 yr) is the ideal tracer for old water and ice with mean residence times in the range of 105-106 years, a range beyond the reach of 14C. 81Kr-dating is now available to the earth science community at large thanks to the development of an efficient and selective atom counter based on the Atom Trap Trace Analysis (ATTA) method. ATTA is a laser-based atom counting method where individual neutral atoms of the desired isotope are selectively captured by laser beams, and their fluorescence detected via a CCD camera. ATTA is unique among trace analysis techniques in that it is free of interferences from any other isotopes, isobars, atomic or molecular species. The ATTA instrument at Argonne's Laboratory for Radiokrypton Dating is capable of measuring both 81Kr/Kr and 85Kr/Kr ratios of environmental samples in the range of 10-14-10-10. For 81Kr-dating in the age range of 150 kyr - 1500 kyr, the required sample size is 5 micro-L STP of krypton gas, which can be extracted from approximately 100 kg of water or 40 kg of ice. For 85Kr/Kr analysis, the sample size can be smaller by an order of magnitude. We are continually developing the method towards higher counting efficiency, smaller sample sizes requirements, and higher sample throughput rates. In the past four years, we have performed radiokrypton analysis of over 150 groundwater and ice samples extracted by collaborators from all seven continents. Sample collection and purification was performed by groups including the University of Chicago, the University of Illinois at Chicago, the University of Bern, and the International Atomic Energy Agency. This work is supported by the U.S. DOE, Office of Nuclear Physics, under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357.

  9. Illinois: Library Automation and Connectivity Initiatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamont, Bridget L.; Bloomberg, Kathleen L.

    1996-01-01

    Discussion of library automation in Illinois focuses on ILLINET, the Illinois Library and Information Network. Topics include automated resource sharing; ILLINET's online catalog; regional library system automation; community networking and public library technology development; telecommunications initiatives; electronic access to state government…

  10. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Beef Production Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the beef production cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

  11. Illinois Valley Industry Retention Program. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, John P.

    The Illinois Valley Industry Retention Program was conceived with the goals of retaining existing industries in the area and saving presently available jobs for the area's citizens. A program committee, formed in March 1982 of representatives from state government, Illinois Valley Community College (IVCC), and local businesses, undertook a survey…

  12. Nutrition Education Needs of Elders in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Karen; And Others

    1996-01-01

    The dietary patterns and nutrition education needs of 472 Illinois adults over 64 were identified. Many were at nutritional risk, having high cholesterol, overall poor diet, and low intake of fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. The project was a collaboration between Cooperative Extension and the Illinois Department of Public Health. (SK)

  13. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Automotive Technician Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the automotive technician cluster. The document begins with overviews of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

  14. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Architectural Drafting Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the architectural drafting cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

  15. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Mechanical Drafting Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the mechanical drafting cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

  16. Groundwater: Illinois' Buried Treasure. Education Activity Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Environmental Education Association of Illinois, Chicago.

    Groundwater is an extremely valuable resource that many feel has been too long neglected and taken for granted. There is growing recognition in Illinois and throughout the United States that comprehensive groundwater protection measures are vital. Illinois embarked on a course in protecting groundwater resources with the passage of the Illinois…

  17. Illinois Science Assessment Framework: Grade 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Illinois Science Assessment Framework for grade 11 is designed to assist educators, test developers, policy makers and the public by clearly defining those elements of the Illinois Learning Standards that are suitable for state testing. This document employs a general organizational structure designed for ease of use. Each state goal for…

  18. 76 FR 35260 - Illinois Disaster # IL-00030

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-16

    ... ADMINISTRATION Illinois Disaster IL-00030 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is a Notice of the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for the State of Illinois (FEMA..., Fort Worth, TX 76155. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: A. Escobar, Office of Disaster Assistance,...

  19. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Meeting Professional Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in the meeting professional occupational cluster. It begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing,…

  20. Hazardous Educational Waste Collections in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Environmental Protection Agency, Springfield.

    This report presents the status of programs designed to manage hazardous educational waste collections in secondary schools in the state of Illinois. Laboratory wastes, expired chemicals, unstable compounds, and toxic or flammable materials are accounted for in this document. The report contains an executive summary, a review of Illinois statutes…

  1. Status Report on the Illinois Articulation Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    The Illinois Articulation Initiative is a comprehensive statewide effort among colleges and universities to enhance the transfer process for students among all sectors of higher education in Illinois. One of the main features of the initiative is the general education core curriculum and a list of statewide articulated general education courses…

  2. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Nursing Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards for the nursing cluster are intended to be a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. An introduction provides the Illinois perspective; Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing…

  3. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Telecommunications Technician Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for programs preparing students for employment in the telecommunications technician occupational cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skills standards…

  4. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Administrative Support Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for programs preparing students for administrative support occupations. The document begins with overviews of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the process used to develop the…

  5. Illinois Higher Education Annual Report, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This report presents information about the state of higher education in Illinois. In November 2000, the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education issued the first National Report Card that gave Illinois an overall grade-point-average of 88.8, the best in the United States. Nevertheless, the state could not rest on its laurels, and…

  6. Illinois Programs of Study Guide: 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Jason L.; Kirby, Catherine L., Bragg, Debra D.; Oertle, Kathleen M.; Jankowski, Natasha A.; Khan, Sadya S.

    2009-01-01

    This guide begins with background information useful to understanding Illinois' framework for implementation and evaluation of Programs of Study. It starts with a visual depiction of the relationships between activity at the federal, state and local levels that evolved to the creation of Illinois' Career Cluster Model. This Model, which is based…

  7. University of Illinois Temperature Sensors

    SciTech Connect

    K. L. Davis; D. L. Knudson; J. L. Rempe; B. M. Chase

    2014-09-01

    This document summarizes background information and presents results related to temperature measurements in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) University of Illinois Project 29609 irradiation. The objective of this test was to assess the radiation performance of ferritic alloys for advanced reactor applications. The FeCr-based alloy system is considered the lead alloy system for a variety of advanced reactor components and applications. Irradiations of FeCr alloy samples were performed using the Hydraulic Shuttle Irradiation System (HSIS) in the B-7 position and in a static capsule in the A-11 position of the ATR.

  8. Skunk rabies surveillance in Illinois.

    PubMed

    Barllett, P C; Martin, R J

    1982-06-15

    Surveillance data indicated that an increased incidence of skunk rabies in Illinois during 1979-1980 was not attributable to increased reporting or submission of skunks to the state laboratories for rabies examination. Available road-kill data suggested that the skunk population increased prior to the increase in skunk rabies incidence. An increased skunk population was hypothesized to have caused the increased incidence by facilitating transmission of the virus through increased skunk density. Analysis of the temporal distribution of skunk rabies revealed a bimodal seasonal cycle, with peak occurrence in the spring and fall, and the possible beginning of a secular cycle, with peak incidence every 6 to 8 years.

  9. Mercury content of Illinois soils

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dreher, G.B.; Follmer, L.R.

    2004-01-01

    For a survey of Illinois soils, 101 cores had been collected and analyzed to determine the current and background elemental compositions of Illinois soils. Mercury and other elements were determined in six samples per core, including a surface sample from each core. The mean mercury content in the surface samples was 33 ?? 20 ??g/kg soil, and the background content was 20 ?? 9 ??g/kg. The most probable sources of mercury in these soils were the parent material, and wet and dry deposition of Hg0 and Hg2+ derived from coal-burning power plants, other industrial plants, and medical and municipal waste incinerators. Mercury-bearing sewage sludge or other fertilizers applied to agricultural fields could have been the local sources of mercury. Although the mercury content correlated with organic carbon content or clay content in individual cores, when all the data were considered, there was no strong correlation between mercury and either the organic carbon or the clay-size content.

  10. Selective tropism of Seneca Valley virus for variant subtype small cell lung cancer.

    PubMed

    Poirier, J T; Dobromilskaya, Irina; Moriarty, Whei F; Peacock, Craig D; Hann, Christine L; Rudin, Charles M

    2013-07-17

    We assessed the efficacy of Seneca Valley virus (SVV-001), a neuroendocrine cancer-selective oncolytic picornavirus, in primary heterotransplant mouse models of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), including three lines each of classic and variant SCLC. Half-maximal effective concentrations for cell lines derived from three variant heterotransplants ranged from 1.6×10(-3) (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1×10(-3) to 2.5×10(-3)) to 3.9×10(-3) (95% CI = 2.8×10(-3) to 5.5×10(-3)). Sustained tumor growth inhibition in vivo was only observed in variant lines (two-sided Student t test, P < .005 for each). Doses of 10(14) vp/kg were able to completely and durably eradicate tumors in a variant SCLC heterotransplant model in two of six mice. Gene expression profiling revealed that permissive lines are typified by lower expression of the early neurogenic transcription factor ASCL1 and, conversely, by higher expression of the late neurogenic transcription factor NEUROD1. This classifier demonstrates a sensitivity of .89, specificity of .92, and accuracy of .91. The NEUROD1 to ASCL1 ratio may serve as a predictive biomarker of SVV-001 efficacy.

  11. Complete genome sequence analysis of Seneca Valley virus-001, a novel oncolytic picornavirus.

    PubMed

    Hales, Laura M; Knowles, Nick J; Reddy, P Seshidar; Xu, Ling; Hay, Carl; Hallenbeck, Paul L

    2008-05-01

    The complete genome sequence of Seneca Valley virus-001 (SVV-001), a small RNA virus, was determined and was shown to have typical picornavirus features. The 7280 nt long genome was predicted to contain a 5' untranslated region (UTR) of 666 nt, followed by a single long open reading frame consisting of 6543 nt, which encodes a 2181 aa polyprotein. This polyprotein could potentially be cleaved into 12 polypeptides in the standard picornavirus L-4-3-4 layout. A 3' UTR of 71 nt was followed by a poly(A) tail of unknown length. Comparisons with other picornaviruses showed that the P1, 2C, 3C and 3D polypeptides of SVV-001 were related most closely to those of the cardioviruses, although they were not related as closely to those of encephalomyocarditis virus and Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus as the latter were to each other. Most other regions of the polyprotein differed considerably from those of all other known picornaviruses. SVV-001 contains elements of an internal ribosome entry site reminiscent of that found in hepatitis C virus and a number of genetically diverse picornaviruses. SVV-001 is a novel picornavirus and it is proposed that it be classified as the prototype species in a novel genus named 'Senecavirus'.

  12. 78 FR 56609 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Illinois Waterway, Beardstown, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-13

    ... Santa Fe Railroad Bridge across the Illinois Waterway, mile 88.8, at Beardstown, Illinois. The deviation is necessary to install new conley rail components which can only be done when the bridge is in the...) Railroad Bridge, mile 88.8, at Beardstown, Illinois across the Illinois Waterway. It has a...

  13. The Illinois Articulation Initiative: Annual Report, 2002-2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This document consists of two reports on Illinois higher education. The first, "The Illinois Articulation Initiative: Annual Report 2002-2003," discusses the current status of the Illinois Articulation Imitative (IAI), which was designed to ease transfer for students among Illinois colleges and universities. May 2003 marked the end of the fifth…

  14. Coal and nuclear power: Illinois' energy future

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    This conference was sponsored by the Energy Resources Center, University of Illinois at Chicago; the US Department of Energy; the Illinois Energy Resources Commission; and the Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources. The theme for the conference, Coal and Nuclear Power: Illinois' Energy Future, was based on two major observations: (1) Illinois has the largest reserves of bituminous coal of any state and is surpassed in total reserves only by North Dakota, and Montana; and (2) Illinois has made a heavy commitment to the use of nuclear power as a source of electrical power generation. Currently, nuclear power represents 30% of the electrical energy produced in the State. The primary objective of the 1982 conference was to review these two energy sources in view of the current energy policy of the Reagan Administration, and to examine the impact these policies have on the Midwest energy scene. The conference dealt with issues unique to Illinois as well as those facing the entire nation. A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 30 individual presentations.

  15. Temporal Variation in the Stable Isotopic Composition of Water and Sediment in Seneca Lake, NY (USA): Implications for Paleoclimate Reconstructions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curtin, T.; Finkelstein, D. B.; Gunn, P.

    2014-12-01

    Paleoclimatic studies often use stratigraphic changes in the oxygen isotope composition (δ18O) of lacustrine carbonate to infer changes in water temperature and/or the δ18O of lake water. To better understand the environmental factors that influence the isotopic composition of lacustrine carbonates and the assumptions that need to be made to infer past changes in climate, we undertook a four-year study of the water chemistry and sediment trap material in Seneca Lake (NY, USA), a large, monomictic, glacial, hardwater lake. Sediment trap material collected weekly between May 2009 and 2013 together with isotopic monitoring of surface and bottom water allow for analysis of the controls on calcite precipitation in the lake. We show that calcite mainly accumulates in traps July through September when the lake water column is stratified and epilimnetic water temperature exceeds 20°C. Up to ~70% of the sediment is comprised of calcite during summer and only ~10% of the sediment is calcite during autumn, winter, and spring. The δ18O of Seneca Lake epilimnetic water varies by only ~0.6 ‰ throughout the year whereas the δ18O of bulk carbonate varies by as much as 2.4‰. As calcite precipitates in the eplimnion, the δ18O declines. Likely due to the large volume and residence time of water, the δ18O of Seneca Lake water appears to track changes in temperature. Our temperature reconstruction using the δ18O of calcite and epilimnetic lake water reveals that calcite was a reasonable proxy for lake surface temperature from July through September. During the remainder of the year, reconstructed temperatures exceed actual temperatures by as much as 18°C. Sediment resuspension (including calcite) during isothermal conditions may explain why calcite is a poor predictor of lake surface temperature in late autumn though spring. The δ18O of calcite in this lake records summer temperatures rather than year-round conditions.

  16. Response of detector modules of the neutron hodoscope SENECA to neutrons with energies 7-70 MeV

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    v. Edel, G.; Selke, O.; Pöch, C.; Smend, F.; Schumacher, M.; Nolte, R.; Schrewe, U.; Brede, H. J.; Schuhmacher, H.; Henneck, R.

    1993-07-01

    SENECA is a hodoscope for recoil neutrons from photoreactions on nuclei and nucleons in the photon energy range 50-900 MeV. It consists of 32 hexagonal scintillation detector modules in a honeycomb array. Differential detection efficiency spectra of a single module as well as the cross-talk between neighbouring modules were measured at neutron energies between 7 and 70 MeV. Neutron detection efficiencies were determined in the same energy range with an average experimental uncertainty of 7.6%. The experimental results agree with predictions from Monte Carlo codes within the limits of the experimental error.

  17. 13. Photographic copy of the original construction plans, dated July ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Photographic copy of the original construction plans, dated July 20, 1923, from the blueprints in possession of DuPage County, Division of Transportation, Wheaton, Illinois. GENERAL ELEVATION AND HALF ELEVATION OF PIER (sheet 1 of 3). - Fullersburg Bridge, Spanning Salt Creek at York Road, Oak Brook, Du Page County, IL

  18. Water quality in lower Illinois River basin, Illinois, 1995-98

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Groschen, George E.; Harris, Mitchell A.; King, Robin B.; Terrio, Paul J.; Warner, Kelly L.

    2001-01-01

    Major influences and findings for water quality and biology in central Illinois, including the Illinois River from Ottawa, Illinois to Valley City, Illinois, are described and illustrated. Samples were collected to determine nitrate, phosphorus, pesticides, volatile organic carbon compounds, and radon-222 in streams and ground water. Agricultural and other land-use practices are discussed in relation to their effects on water quality and aquatic life and habitat. Implications of arsenic in ground water are examined. The interactions between nutrients and stream algal populations are discussed. Results are compared with other studies across the country.

  19. IDNS: The Illinois Nuclear Safety Agency

    SciTech Connect

    Gallina, C.O.

    1993-09-01

    The Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety (IDNS) is one of only two cabinet-level state agencies in the United States devoted exclusively to nuclear and radiation safety. It was established in 1980 by then Gov. James Thompson in response to the 1979 accident at Three Mile Island-2, so the state would be prepared in case of a similar accident at an Illinois nuclear power facility. There are 13 commercial nuclear reactors at seven sites in Illinois, more than in any other state. If Illinois were a country, it would be seventh in the world in the amount of nuclear-generated electricity, and second in the percentage of electricity produced by nuclear power. The state also has several major nonreactor nuclear facilities. 9 refs.

  20. Changing Patterns in Illinois' School Tort Immunity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Shelley B.

    1979-01-01

    It appears that Illinois law no longer grants full parental immunity to school districts and their employees. Available from IIT/Chicago-Kent College of Law, 77 South Wacker Drive, Chicago, IL 60606; single copies $5.00. (Author)

  1. Illinois Library Public Relations at Its Best.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Jim

    2000-01-01

    Describes successful public relations efforts in 23 Illinois public libraries. Highlights include fundraising efforts; innovative program design; community involvement; media coverage; referendum promotions; student reading initiatives; and local business involvement. (LRW)

  2. Missing-Presumed Eroded: Holocene Sedimentation Patterns in Seneca Lake, NY

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Loddengaard, K.; Curtin, T. M.

    2006-12-01

    The Finger Lakes of New York underwent a significant change in climate during the transition from the Hypsithermal to the Neoglacial at ~5 ka. To determine the effects of changes in climate on sedimentation patterns in the northern region of Seneca Lake, NY, we analyzed three cores that were collected along a shallow to deep water transect. Analyses of magnetic susceptibility, organic matter and carbonate content, fossil content, and grain size at a 1-cm interval were used to correlate cores, identify periods of erosion or non- deposition and assess the relative truncation of the Holocene sediment record. The stratigraphy and sedimentology of the cores indicate the lake contains a spatially and temporally discontinuous sediment record. Preliminary results indicate that the early to mid-Holocene sediment record was preferentially eroded in the deepwater cores, between 20 and 50 m water depth. At the deepwater sites, there is a gap in the sediment record that spans between ~12 and ~5 ka. Conversely, the late Holocene record is more complete in the deepwater cores than in the shallow water cores (12-20 m water depth). This data suggests a significant change on the controls and location of erosion and deposition in the lake during the Holocene. We hypothesize that the early to mid-Holocene sediment may have been eroded by strong internal seiches during stormy conditions that were initiated by cooler temperatures and a change in the position of the jet stream during the Hypsithermal-Neoglacial transition. Erosion occurred primarily in shallow water sites (<~30 m) during the Neoglacial, perhaps as a result of a change in the number and frequency of storms or strength of the internal seiche.

  3. Generation and diagnostic application of monoclonal antibodies against Seneca Valley virus.

    PubMed

    Yang, Ming; van Bruggen, Rebekah; Xu, Wanhong

    2012-01-01

    Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a member of the Picornaviridae family, was implicated in a suspicious vesicular disease discovered in pigs from Canada in 2007. Because any outbreak of vesicular disease in pigs is assumed to be foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) until confirmed otherwise, a test for diagnosing the presence of SVV would be a very useful tool. To develop the diagnostic tests for SVV infection, 5 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced from mice immunized with binary ethylenimine (BEI)-inactivated SVV. Using a dot blot assay, the reactivity of the mAbs was confirmed to be specific for SVV, not reacting with any of the other vesicular disease viruses tested. The mAbs demonstrated reactivity with SVV antigen in infected cells by an immunohistochemistry assay. An SVV-specific competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) was developed using BEI-inactivated SVV antigen and a mAb for serodiagnosis. The cELISA results were compared to the indirect isotype (immunoglobulin [Ig]M and IgG) ELISA and the virus neutralization test. All SVV experimentally inoculated pigs exhibited a positive SVV-specific antibody response at 6 days postinoculation, and the sera remained positive until the end of the experiment on day 57 (>40% inhibition) using the cELISA. The cELISA reflected the profile of the indirect ELISA for both IgM and IgG. This panel of SVV-specific mAbs is valuable for the identification of SVV antigen and the serological detection of SVV-specific antibodies.

  4. Identification and Complete Genome of Seneca Valley Virus in Vesicular Fluid and Sera of Pigs Affected with Idiopathic Vesicular Disease, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Vannucci, F A; Linhares, D C L; Barcellos, D E S N; Lam, H C; Collins, J; Marthaler, D

    2015-12-01

    Numerous, ongoing outbreaks in Brazilian swine herds have been characterized by vesicular lesions in sows and acute losses of neonatal piglets. The complete genome of Seneca Valley virus (SVV) was identified in vesicular fluid and sera of sows, providing evidence of association between SVV and vesicular disease and viraemia in affected animals. PMID:26347296

  5. Next Evolution of the Seneca College Outdoor Recreation Program: One Year of High Level Professional Outdoor Training and Development for Post-Diploma/Post-Degree Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magee, Clare

    1998-01-01

    Describes the steps in utilizing fast-tracking to phase out the overloaded two-year Outdoor Recreation Technician Co-op program at Seneca College (Ontario) and phase in a one-year graduate Outdoor Recreation Certificate program with a lower teacher-student ratio. A concept model relates generalist core skills to specializations and outdoor…

  6. Identification and Complete Genome of Seneca Valley Virus in Vesicular Fluid and Sera of Pigs Affected with Idiopathic Vesicular Disease, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Vannucci, F A; Linhares, D C L; Barcellos, D E S N; Lam, H C; Collins, J; Marthaler, D

    2015-12-01

    Numerous, ongoing outbreaks in Brazilian swine herds have been characterized by vesicular lesions in sows and acute losses of neonatal piglets. The complete genome of Seneca Valley virus (SVV) was identified in vesicular fluid and sera of sows, providing evidence of association between SVV and vesicular disease and viraemia in affected animals.

  7. Lifestyle, nutritional status, health, and mortality in elderly people across Europe: a review of the longitudinal results of the SENECA study.

    PubMed

    de Groot, Lisette C P M G; Verheijden, Marieke W; de Henauw, Stefaan; Schroll, Marianne; van Staveren, Wija A

    2004-12-01

    This article provides an overview of the longitudinal Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly: a Concerted Action (SENECA) study, which was designed to assess differences in dietary and lifestyle factors among elderly Europeans, and to identify the factors that contribute to healthy aging. Elderly people from Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and The Netherlands participated in the SENECA study. Standardized measurements were conducted at baseline in 1988-1989 and were repeated in 1993 and 1999. Diet, physical activity, and smoking, as well as maintenance of health and survival, were assessed. At baseline, considerable differences in lifestyle factors existed among elderly people. Mealtime patterns as well as dietary intake varied across Europe, and geographical patterns were apparent. Similar results were found for engagement in sport or professional activities. The smoking prevalence among women was generally low. Distinct geographical differences were also observed in percentages of deaths during the SENECA study and in overall survival time. A healthy lifestyle was related to stable self-perceived health, a delay in functional dependence, and mortality. Inactivity and smoking, and to a lesser extent a low-quality diet, increased mortality risk. A combined effect of multiple unhealthy lifestyle factors was also observed. The SENECA study showed that a healthy lifestyle at older ages is related to a delay in the deterioration of health status and a reduced mortality risk. Improving and maintaining a healthy lifestyle in elderly people across Europe is a great challenge for the European Community.

  8. The 1981 Survey of Illinois Public School Library Media Centers. Illinois Library Statistical Report No. 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhor, Herbert; Thomassen, Cora E.

    Questionnaires were mailed to all 1,010 Illinois public school districts to collect data on general aspects of the districts and of the school library media program, program staff and materials collection, cataloging, accessibility, audiovisual resources and services, financial expenditures and affiliation with ILLINET (Illinois Library and…

  9. Bridge Programs in Illinois: Results of the 2010 Illinois Bridge Status Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, J. L.; Harmon, T.

    2010-01-01

    This report provides a summary of major results of the Illinois Bridge Status Survey, administered online between April and June 2010. The purpose of the survey was to understand the extent to which bridge programs are being implemented in Illinois, as well as to build an online directory of bridge programs. Bridge programs are an emerging…

  10. The 1973 Reform of the Illinois General Purpose Grant-in-Aid: An Evaluation After Three Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickrod, G. Alan; And Others

    A reform in the grant-in-aid system passed in Illinois in the summer of 1973 was evaluated. The State Changed on that date from a foundation system to a district power equalization system. Operational definitions of fiscal policy goals, such as fiscal neutrality and permissible variance of expenditures, were established and measurements taken…

  11. [Homocysteine related vitamins and lifestyles in the elderly people: The SENECA study].

    PubMed

    Varela-Moreiras, G; Escudero, J M; Alonso-Aperte, E

    2007-01-01

    The SENECA study started in 1988 and consisted of a random age- and sex-stratified sample of inhabitants of 19 European towns. A total of 2.100 elderly people were finally able to be included in the study. The present study includes results for total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) and the related vitamins folate, B12 and B6. Other style factors as alcohol consumption or smoking have been also evaluated. The lowest values for tHcy corresponded to Mediterranean countries (Portugal, Spain, and Greece), compared to central or northern european countries (Netherland or Belgium (differences higher than 4 micromol/l). In addition, an interesting north-south gradient is observed, with the lowest values for tHcy corresponding to Betanzos (Spain), 12.38 micromol/l followed by both centers in Portugal, whereas the highest concentrations are found in Maki (Poland), 21.92 pmol/I and Culemborg (Netherlands), 20.41 mircromol/l. The mean tHcy concentration for all the European centers was 15.98 micromol/l. Effect of sex has been also evaluated: those countries with the lowest tHcy concentration (i.e. Spain or Portugal) show significant (p < 0.01) higher tHcy concentration in men vs women, whereas these differences by sex are not observed in countries with the highest tHcy values. The effect of "aging" within the same individuals after ten years of follow up was also evaluated: a significant difference was observed for the same individuals in the 10-years period. Plasma folic acid was compared to tHcy values, resulting also in marked differences between north and southern countries. Plasma vitamin B12 also shows a close pattern. Either plasma folate or vitamin B12 were shown as strong predictors of tHcy. This effect was not observed for plasma vitamin B6. Total alcohol intake was positively and significantly (p < 0.01) correlated with tHcy ("no" intake corresponded with the lowest tHcy, 14.3 micromol/l vs "high" intake-over 30 g/d-with the highest tHcy, 17 micromol/l). The type of

  12. Going With the Flow: Evidence for Changes in Circulation in Seneca Lake, NY During the Holocene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crocker, M. L.; Curtin, T. M.

    2005-12-01

    Seneca Lake (42°40'N, 76°55'W) is one of 11 Finger Lakes located in western New York State. Holocene laminated sediment, 1.52 m thick, was recovered from 47.1 m water depth in the northern part of the lake and yields a ~14 ka record of environmental and climate variability. We used a combination of loss-on-ignition (LOI) measurements, mineralogical analysis, grain size analysis by laser diffraction, and magnetic parameters (magnetic susceptibility and anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS)) to reconstruct changes in paleocirculation patterns throughout the Holocene. Magnetic susceptibility was measured at a 1 cm interval on the unopened core. Once the core was split, it was photographed and described. Samples for LOI, mineralogy and grain size analyses were collected every 2 cm. A 2.1 x 2.1 x 2 cm plastic cube with sediment was obtained continuously downcore for anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility analysis. The MS, AMS, mineralogy, LOI, and grain size data record two significant changes in environmental conditions in the lake, one at the beginning of the Hypsithermal (~9 ka) and the other during the late Neoglacial (<~4 ka). MS values range from 0 to 5.2 x 10-5 SI. Susceptibility values are highest during the beginning of the mid-Holocene and lower throughout the rest of the Holocene with minor fluctuations. P' values, which record the strength of the magnetic fabric, range from 1.02 to 1.11. There are two peaks in P' values during the Holocene, one at ~9 ka and the other at <~4 ka as mentioned above. The coarsest mean grain size are coincident with the peaks in P' values, with the largest mean grain size (35μm) found at the beginning of the Hypsithermal. A concurrent increase in P' and mean grain size likely reflects an increase in depositional energy from a low velocity, quiet water setting. The relatively high P' values most likely do not result from a change in magnetic mineralogy. The highest P' values occur at the beginning of the Hypsithermal when

  13. Laboratory for Radiokrypton Dating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Z.; Bailey, K.; Jiang, W.; Müller, P.; O'Connor, T. P.; Zappala, J. C.

    2013-12-01

    Due to its simple production and transport processes in the terrestrial environment, the long-lived noble-gas isotope 81Kr (half-life = 230 kyr) is the ideal tracer for studying old water and ice in the age range of 10^5-10^6 years, a range beyond the reach of 14C. 81Kr dating, a concept pursued in the past four decades by numerous laboratories employing a variety of techniques, is now available for the first time to the earth science community at large. This is made possible by the development of ATTA-3 (Jiang et al., GCA 91, 1-6; 2012), an efficient and selective atom counter based on the Atom Trap Trace Analysis method (Chen et al., Science 286, 1139-1141; 1999). The instrument is capable of measuring both 81Kr/Kr and 85Kr/Kr ratios of environmental samples in the range of 10^-14-10^-10. For 81Kr-dating in the age range of 150 - 1,500 kyr, the required sample size is 5 - 10 micro-L STP of krypton gas, which can be extracted from approximately 100 - 200 kg of water or 40 - 80 kg of ice. For 85Kr/Kr analysis, the required sample size is generally smaller by an order of magnitude because of the isotope's higher initial abundance in the atmosphere. The Laboratory for Radiokrypton Dating is currently equipped to analyze up to 120 samples per year. With future equipment upgrades, this limit can be increased as demand grows. In the period since November 2011, the Laboratory has measured both 81Kr/Kr and 85Kr/Kr ratios in over 50 samples that had been extracted by collaborators from six different continents. The samples were from groundwater wells in the Great Artesian Basin (Australia), Guarani Aquifer (Brazil), and Locust Grove (Maryland); from brine wells of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (New Mexico); from geothermal steam vents in Yellowstone National Park; from near-surface ice at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica; and from deep mines in South Africa. Sample collection and purification was performed by groups including the University of Illinois at Chicago, University

  14. River otters as biomonitors for organochlorine pesticides, PCBs, and PBDEs in Illinois.

    PubMed

    Carpenter, Samantha K; Mateus-Pinilla, Nohra E; Singh, Kuldeep; Lehner, Andreas; Satterthwaite-Phillips, Damian; Bluett, Robert D; Rivera, Nelda A; Novakofski, Jan E

    2014-02-01

    The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) is a biomonitor for organohalogenated compounds (OHCs) associated with a wide range of deleterious health effects in wildlife and humans. We determined concentrations of twenty OHCs in livers of 23 river otters salvaged by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources from 2009 to 2011, determined sex-dependent distribution of OHCs, and compared our results to the reported concentrations of four OHCs in Illinois river otters from 1984 to 1989. Since these contaminants have been banned for over 30 years, we predicted smaller mean concentrations than those previously reported in Illinois otters. We detected eleven of twenty OHCs; PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), dieldrin, and 4,4'-DDE (dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene) were present in the greatest mean concentrations. We report the largest mean concentration of dieldrin to date in the liver of North American river otters (mean: 174, range: 14.4-534 parts per billion wet wt [ppb]). Mean PCB concentrations were significantly higher in males (mean: 851; range: 30-3450 ppb) than females (mean: 282; range: 40-850 ppb; p=0.04). Mean concentrations of dieldrin were greater than those detected in otters from 1984 to 1989 (mean: 90; range: 30-130 ppb; p<0.05). Our results suggest OHC exposure remains a concern. Future research in Illinois should focus on evaluating OHCs exposures, particularly dieldrin, at the watershed level.

  15. Illinois drainage water management demonstration project

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Pitts, D.J.; Cooke, R.; Terrio, P.J.; ,

    2004-01-01

    Due to naturally high water tables and flat topography, there are approximately 4 million ha (10 million ac) of farmland artificially drained with subsurface (tile) systems in Illinois. Subsurface drainage is practiced to insure trafficable field conditions for farm equipment and to reduce crop stress from excess water within the root zone. Although drainage is essential for economic crop production, there have been some significant environmental costs. Tile drainage systems tend to intercept nutrient (nitrate) rich soil-water and shunt it to surface water. Data from numerous monitoring studies have shown that a significant amount of the total nitrate load in Illinois is being delivered to surface water from tile drainage systems. In Illinois, these drainage systems are typically installed without control mechanisms and allow the soil to drain whenever the water table is above the elevation of the tile outlet. An assessment of water quality in the tile drained areas of Illinois showed that approximately 50 percent of the nitrate load was being delivered through the tile systems during the fallow period when there was no production need for drainage to occur. In 1998, a demonstration project to introduce drainage water management to producers in Illinois was initiated by NRCS4 An initial aspect of the project was to identify producers that were willing to manage their drainage system to create a raised water table during the fallow (November-March) period. Financial assistance from two federal programs was used to assist producers in retrofitting the existing drainage systems with control structures. Growers were also provided guidance on the management of the structures for both water quality and production benefits. Some of the retrofitted systems were monitored to determine the effect of the practice on water quality. This paper provides background on the water quality impacts of tile drainage in Illinois, the status of the demonstration project, preliminary

  16. Measuring Music Education: Music Education Assessment in Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cangro, Richard M.

    2014-01-01

    There are many assessment initiatives and policy changes happening in Illinois concerning learning and teaching expectations that involve K-12 students, teacher candidates, and current teachers. The Illinois State Board of Education has adopted new Math and English Language Arts standards for K-12 education known as the "New Illinois State…

  17. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Sales and Marketing Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in jobs in agricultural sales and marketing. Agency partners involved in this project include: the Illinois State Board of Education, Illinois Community…

  18. 1. SOUTH AND WEST ELEVATION OF ILLINOIS PURE ALUMINUM (IPA) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. SOUTH AND WEST ELEVATION OF ILLINOIS PURE ALUMINUM (IPA) COMPANY FACTORY; SOUTH ELEVATION FACING ILLINOIS CENTRAL GULF RAILROAD TRACKS AND MAIN STREET. THE ONE-STORY BRICK BUILDING TO THE LEFT IS AN ABANDONED COMMONWEALTH EDISON COMPANY ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION. - Illinois Pure Aluminum Company, 109 Holmes Street, Lemont, Cook County, IL

  19. Illinois Early Learning Project Tip Sheets: Physical Development and Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    The Illinois Early Learning Project (IEL) is funded by the Illinois State Board of Education to provide information resources on early learning and training related to implementing the Illinois Early Learning Standards for parents and for early childhood personnel in all settings. The IEL tip sheets offer suggestions to parents and early childhood…

  20. Literacy: Celebration and Challenge. Illinois Reading Council Silver Anniversary Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johns, Jerry L., Ed.; And Others

    Celebrating the Illinois Reading Council's 25th anniversary year, this 2-part monograph presents 11 papers on diverse aspects of reading and literacy. Papers in the first part, called "Historical Reflections and Challenges," are: "The Illinois Reading Council Celebrates 25 Years" (John W. Logan); "The 'Illinois Reading Council Journal':…

  1. Illinois Community College System Results Report, Fiscal Year 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    This report details the ways in which the Illinois Community College System is addressing its strategic plan, "Promise for Illinois," for fiscal year 2002. Illinois has 39 community college districts and one multi-community college center that serve nearly one million students a year. The report identifies the following six goals: (1) economic…

  2. Children's Mental Health: An Urgent Priority for Illinois. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanLandeghem, Karen

    The Illinois Children's Mental Health Task Force was convened in 2002 to assess the status of Illinois' mental health system for children from birth to age 18, and to develop short- and long-term recommendations for assuring that all Illinois children have access to coordinated and comprehensive mental health services and programs. This report is…

  3. Illinois Early Learning Project Tip Sheets: Parenting and Family Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    The Illinois Early Learning Project (IEL) is funded by the Illinois State Board of Education to provide information resources on early learning and training related to implementing the Illinois Early Learning Standards for parents and for early childhood personnel in all settings. The IEL tip sheets offer suggestions to parents and early childhood…

  4. Illinois Early Learning Project Tip Sheets: Math and Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    The Illinois Early Learning Project (IEL) is funded by the Illinois State Board of Education to provide information resources on early learning and training related to implementing the Illinois Early Learning Standards for parents and for early childhood personnel in all settings. The IEL tip sheets offer suggestions to parents and early childhood…

  5. Measurements of210Pb,137Cs, organic carbon and trace elements in sediments of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cahill, R.A.; Autrey, A.D.

    1987-01-01

    Radiometric dating of sediment accumulations by137Cs and210Pb has been successfully initiated in the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers. Sedimentation rates measured at 13 locations range from 0.7 to 3.6 cm/y. Chemical analysis has been completed for up to 45 major and trace elements in core samples. The upper Illinois River contains higher metal levels than the Mississippi River. The amount of carbon (energy) lost to sediments in large floodplain rivers is estimated between 370 and 4000 g/m2/y. ?? 1987 Akade??miai Kiado??.

  6. The birthplace of planetary radio astronomy: The Seneca, Maryland observatory 50 years after Burke and Franklin's Jupiter radio emission discovery.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, L. N.; Thieman, J. R.; Higgins, C. A.

    2004-12-01

    Burke and Franklin's discovery of radio emissions from Jupiter in 1955 effectively marked the birth of the field of planetary radio astronomy. The discovery was made near Seneca, Maryland using the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism/Carnegie Institution of Washington's Mills Cross Array. Fifty years later there is very little evidence of this 96-acre X-shaped array of dipoles still in existence, nor evidence of any of the other antennas used at this site. The site, now known as the McKee Besher Wildlife Management Area, is owned by the State of Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Radio Jove, a NASA/GSFC education and public outreach project, will recognize the 50th anniversary of this discovery through an historic reenactment using their receiver and dual-dipole array system. Our search through the DTM/CIW archives, our visit to the site to look for evidence of this array, and other efforts at commemorating this anniversary will be described.

  7. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of Seneca Valley Virus-001, a new member of the Picornaviridae family

    SciTech Connect

    Venkataraman, Sangita; Reddy, Seshidhar P.; Loo, Jackie; Idamakanti, Neeraja; Hallenbeck, Paul L.; Reddy, Vijay S.

    2008-04-01

    Seneca Valley Virus-001 of the Picornavirdae family was crystallized in the space group R3 and X-ray diffraction data was collected to a resolution of 2.3 Å. Rotation-function studies suggested the presence of two distict sets of 20 protomers that belong to two different virus particles in the crystallographic asymmetric unit. Seneca Valley Virus-001 (SVV-001) is a newly found species in the Picornaviridae family. SVV-001 is the first naturally occurring nonpathogenic picorna@@virus observed to mediate selective cytotoxicity towards tumor cells with neuroendocrine cancer features. The nonsegmented (+)ssRNA genome of SVV-001 shares closest sequence similarity to the genomes of the members of the Cardiovirus genus. However, based on the distinct characteristics of the genome organization and other biochemical properties, it has been suggested that SVV-001 represents a new genus, namely ‘Senecavirus’, in the Picornaviridae family. In order to understand the oncolytic properties of SVV-001, the native virus was crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. The crystals belonged to space group R3, with unit-cell parameters (in the hexagonal setting) a = b = 311.5, c = 1526.4 Å. Although the SVV crystals diffracted to better than 2.3 Å resolution, the data quality is acceptable [I/σ(I) > 2.0] to 2.6 Å resolution. The unit-cell volume and the locked rotation-function analysis suggest that six particles could be accommodated in the unit cell, with two distinct sets of one third of a particle, each containing 20 protomers, occupying the crystallographic asymmetric unit.

  8. Examination of Illinois Superintendents' Perceptions of the Illinois School Superintendent Content-Area Standards and Performance Indicators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demory, Christine E.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines Illinois school superintendents' perceived importance of the Illinois school superintendent content area standards and performance indicators. This study is significant because it provides an opportunity for rigorous reflection in identifying Illinois school superintendents' perceived importance of superintendent…

  9. Nanoscience Research Internships in Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Kronshage, Alisa

    2013-08-31

    NanoBusiness Talent Project Summary Report The NanoBusiness Alliance created the NanoBusiness Talent Program to ensure the future vitality of domestic scientists and entrepreneurs by engaging advanced high school students in cutting-edge nanotechnology development. This program commenced on September 1, 2008 and ran through August 31, 2010 with a very successful group of students. Several of these students went on to Stanford, Harvard and Yale, as well as many other prestigious Universities. We were able to procure the cooperation of several companies over the entire run of the program to voluntarily intern students at their companies and show them the possibilities that exist for their future. Companies ranged from NanoInk and Nanosphere to QuesTek and NanoIntegris all located in northern Illinois. During the 9-week internships, students worked at nanotechnology companies studying different ways in which nanotechnology is used for both commercial and consumer use. The students were both excited and invigorated at the prospect of being able to work with professional scientists in fields that previously may have just been a dream or an unreachable goal. All the students worked closely with mentors from each company to learn different aspects of procedures and scientific projects that they then used to present to faculty, parents, mentors and directors of the program at the end of each year’s program. The presentations were extremely well received and professionally created. We were able to see how much the students learned and absorbed through the course of their internships. During the last year of the program, we reached out to both North Carolina and Colorado high school students and received an extraordinary amount of applications. There were also numerous companies that were not only willing but excited at the prospect to engage highly intelligent high school students and to encourage them into the nanotechnology scientific field. Again, this program increase

  10. Science: issues in Illinois (reprints of science columns from Illinois Issues, February 1980-May 1981)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-08-01

    This report consists of reprints on current public policy issues involving science and technology (S and T) in the State of Illinois. The reprints include monthly science columns from February 1980 - May 1981 Illinois Issues, a magazine of state public affairs. The magazine is an outgrowth of a legislative science research annual --a compilation of S and T-related reports prepared for the Illinois General Assembly. Topics include waste oil recovery, nuclear safety, decontamination of nuclear reactors, sulfur dioxide levels, acid rain, radioactive waste disposal problems, Illinois' legislature's record on S and T, paternity blood testing, DMSO, science issues of the 80's, European solutions to nuclear wastes, Scientific Creationism versus the theory of evolution, drug paraphernalia definition, Reye's Syndrome, and Agent Orange.

  11. Illinois Articulation Initiative in Nursing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    As part of the statewide Illinois Articulation Initiative, a panel was formed in October 1993 to develop a model articulated nursing curriculum and minimum nursing competencies. This report presents the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the panel. Following a brief introduction, the history of articulation efforts and policies in…

  12. PRACTICAL NURSING IN ILLINOIS--A PROFILE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    TOMLINSON, ROBERT M.; AND OTHERS

    THIS DOCUMENT, THE FIRST OF FIVE PLANNED REPORTS, PRESENTS THE HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF PRACTICAL NURSING, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO ILLINOIS. IT DESCRIBES THE BETTER LICENSING PROCEDURES AND STANDARDS THAT HAVE COME WITH THE INCREASED RECOGNITION OF THE VALUE OF THE OCCUPATION TO THE MEDICAL PROFESSION. THE REPORT ALSO DESCRIBES A 1600-HOUR…

  13. Mathematics Placement at the University of Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahlgren Reddy, Alison; Harper, Marc

    2013-01-01

    Data from the ALEKS-based placement program at the University of Illinois is presented visually in several ways. The placement exam (an ALEKS assessment) contains precise item-specific information and the data show many interesting properties of the student populations of the placement courses, which include Precalculus, Calculus, and Business…

  14. Patterns in Illinois Educational School Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Cacey S.; Marder, Michael; Nagel, Sidney R.

    2015-01-01

    We examine Illinois educational data from standardized exams and analyze primary factors affecting the achievement of public school students. We focus on the simplest possible models: representation of data through visualizations and regressions on single variables. Exam scores are shown to depend on school type, location, and poverty…

  15. Consumer Education in Illinois Schools, 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    Intended to assist Illinois teachers in planning an instructional program in consumer education that meets state requirements, this consumer education curriculum is designed to help students in grades 9 through 12: (1) become informed consumers; (2) understand the rights and responsibilities of consumers in society; (3) develop responsible…

  16. [Illinois Career Development Month Ideas and Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    This document is intended to help practitioners plan and implement activities for observance of Career Development Month in Illinois. Part 1 examines the following topics: the definitions of career development and education-to-careers; the rationale for devoting a month to career development; a career framework; and suggested Career Development…

  17. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Swine Production Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document contains 52 Occupational Skill Standards for the swine production occupational cluster, as required for the state of Illinois. Skill Standards, which were developed by committees that included educators, business, industry, and labor, are intended to promote education and training investment and ensure that students and workers are…

  18. Patterns in Illinois educational school data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, Cacey S.; Marder, Michael; Nagel, Sidney R.

    2015-06-01

    We examine Illinois educational data from standardized exams and analyze primary factors affecting the achievement of public school students. We focus on the simplest possible models: representation of data through visualizations and regressions on single variables. Exam scores are shown to depend on school type, location, and poverty concentration. For most schools in Illinois, student test scores decline linearly with poverty concentration. However, Chicago must be treated separately. Selective schools in Chicago, as well as some traditional and charter schools, deviate from this pattern based on poverty. For any poverty level, Chicago schools perform better than those in the rest of Illinois. Selective programs for gifted students show high performance at each grade level, most notably at the high school level, when compared to other Illinois school types. The case of Chicago charter schools is more complex. Up to 2008, Chicago charter and neighborhood schools had similar performance scores. In the last few years, charter students' scores overtook those of students in traditional schools as the number of charter school locations increased.

  19. Energy Conservation Featured in Illinois High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modern Schools, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The William Fremd High School in Palatine, Illinois, scheduled to open in 1977, is being built with energy conservation uppermost in mind. In this system, 70 heat pumps will heat and cool 300,000 square feet of educational facilities. (Author/MLF)

  20. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Dental Hygienist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These Illinois skill standards for dental hygienists are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among education, business,…

  1. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Insurance Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document contains 56 occupational skill standards for the insurance occupational cluster, as required for the state of Illinois. Skill standards, which were developed by committees that included educators and representatives from business, industry, and labor, are intended to promote education and training investment and ensure that students…

  2. Illinois Community College Board Policy Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    The fifth in a series of revised editions since 1967, this 1978 manual provides policy guidelines for Illinois public community colleges. Chapter 1 covers the state college board definitions relative to community college operations policy. Chapter 2 deals with board operation and general policies according to such topics as power and duties;…

  3. Report on Illinois Public Community College Foundations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    At the request of the Illinois Community College Board's (ICCB's) Committee on Foundations, the ICCB surveyed the state's public community college district to determine the purposes, resources, and activities of the colleges' foundations. The study found that all of the community college districts, except one, have foundations to assist them in…

  4. Art Appreciation Courses in Illinois Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choate, Lenetta K.; Keim, Marybelle C.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews literature on the characteristics of community college art appreciation courses and instructors. Presents findings from a survey of Illinois community colleges regarding the characteristics of art appreciation instructors and the institutions offering such programs and course content and methodology. Reports results and discusses…

  5. LEVEL III AND IV ECOREGIONS OF ILLINOIS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The ecoregions of Illinois have been identified, mapped, and described; they provide a geographic structure for environmental resources research, assessment, monitoring, and management. This project is part of a larger effort by the U.S. EPA to create a national, hierarchical ec...

  6. Illinois Articulation Initiative: Policy and Procedures Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This Policy and Procedures Manual was prepared by the Illinois Articulation Initiative (IAI) Technical Task Force to assist college and university administrators, faculty members, and other staff participating in the IAI. The preface contains background information on the IAI, whose goal is to facilitate inter-institutional transfer, and its…

  7. Evaluation of Project HAPPIER Survey: Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haenn, Joseph F.

    As part of Project HAPPIER (Health Awareness Patterns Preventing Illnesses and Encouraging Responsibility), a survey was conducted among teachers and other migrant personnel in Illinois to assess the current health needs of migrants. The availability of educational materials was also investigated in the survey in order to ensure that a proposed…

  8. Emergency Food Providers in Southern Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Hara, Mary

    This paper examines emergency food provider networks in rural southern Illinois. An overview focuses on recent research reports on hunger in America, official federal emergency food assistance policy and criticisms of that policy, and the role of the private sector in emergency food distribution. The review details the disagreements on policy and…

  9. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Banking Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These Illinois skill standards for the banking cluster are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among education, business,…

  10. Illinois: The State and Its Educational System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgkinson, Harold L.

    Illinois, a large and predominantly urban state, is growing very slowly. It has not done well in creating new jobs; manufacturing jobs declined more and service jobs increased less than nationwide. The state is, however, a national leader in beef, hog, and soybean production. Chicago, in addition to being the financial capital of the Midwest, is…

  11. Health Occupations in Illinois: Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

    This executive summary of a comprehensive study of health occupations education and employment in Illinois contains data on eighty-nine allied health and nursing occupations. Job definitions, educational requirements, licensing and certification, training programs, salary ranges, and job availability in these occupations are summarized in both…

  12. Mapping karst regions of Illinois: Preliminary results

    SciTech Connect

    Weibel, C.P.; Panno, S.V. )

    1993-03-01

    Groundwater contamination may be significant in shallow aquifers in the parts of Illinois where karst occurs. Problems with ground-water contamination in shallow aquifers in karst areas may be significant in parts of Illinois. A study is underway to study factors that contribute to karst development and to map the karst areas of the state, including areas where obvious diagnostic karst geomorphic features are absent. The following generalizations can be made about the structural and stratigraphic factors that control the extent and maturity of karst areas and the development of karstic terrain in Illinois: (1) karstification is restricted to the flanks of the Illinois Basin because most of the basin interior contains carbonate-poor Pennsylvanian bedrock; (2) karstic terrain generally occurs in thick, flatlying, carbonate-rich lithologic units; (3) carbonate to non-carbonate facies changes in formations and the presence of disconformities affect the degree of karstification; (4) structures (folds, faults) may either increase or decrease the likelihood of karstification; and (5) karstification is potentially greater in areas where overlying regolith is absent or thin.

  13. Illinois Association for Gifted Children Journal, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smutny, Joan Franklin, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This issue of the Illinois Association for Gifted Children (IAGC) Journal focuses on curriculum. Featured articles include: (1) "Curriculum: What Is It? How Do You Know if It Is Quality?" (Sally Walker); (2) "Tiered Lessons: What Are Their Benefits and Applications?" (Carol Ann Tomlinson); (3) "Do Gifted and Talented Youth Get Counseling, Models,…

  14. Illinois Community College Grievance Procedure Analyzer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovell, Ned B.; And Others

    The study described in this report analyzed the status of grievance procedures in the Illinois community colleges that engage in collective bargaining. Following an introductory chapter offering a rationale for the study, chapter 2 provides an analysis of existing grievance procedures in the colleges based on a study of the collective bargaining…

  15. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Dental Assistant.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These Illinois skill standards for dental assistant are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as the establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among education, business,…

  16. Assessing Inefficiencies in Illinois School Districts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Genge, Fred C.

    Findings of a study that incorporated a method for measuring the economic efficiency of K-8 school districts in Illinois are presented in this paper. The quadriform concept was used to identify four categories, or quadrants, for identifying school districts--technically efficient, low service, high service, and technically inefficient. The method…

  17. Elder Abuse and Neglect: The Illinois Response.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Dept. on Aging, Springfield.

    This document outlines the ideas of the Illinois Department of Aging on the implementation and management of the Elder Abuse and Neglect Intervention Program. These topics are addressed in order to provide a basis for discussion of key elements of the proposed program and serve as a guide in the development of rules, policies, and procedures for…

  18. Current Illinois Legal Issues. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopecky, Frank J., Ed.; Wilkin, Rebecca S., Ed.

    Designed as supplementary reading in American government or social studies courses, this compilation of articles is intended to help students gain a better understanding of the judiciary's role in the Illinois legal system. The first of three sections contains articles about judges and the court system. The second section examines the criminal…

  19. Illinois Kids Count 2001: Envisioning the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Brenda; Familia, Yahaira; Gifford, Amy; Knowlton, Gretchen; Matakis, Brian; Olson, Melissa; Owens, Tracy; Zasadny, Julie

    This Kids Count report examines statewide trends in the well-being of Illinois' children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators in the areas of family, education and child care, arts and recreation, safety, health, and economic security. The indicators are: (1) percent of children living in poverty; (2) number of children enrolled in…

  20. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Housekeeping Management Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document contains 44 occupational skill standards for the housekeeping management occupational cluster, as required for the state of Illinois. Skill standards, which were developed by committees that included educators and representatives from business, industry, and labor, are intended to promote education and training investment and ensure…

  1. Substitutes for School Nurses in Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vollinger, Linda Jeno; Bergren, Martha Dewey; Belmonte-Mann, Frances

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this descriptive study was to explore utilization of nurse substitutes in the school setting in Illinois. The literature described personnel who staff the school health office in the absence of the school nurse and the barriers to obtaining nurse substitutes. There were no empirical studies conducted on school nurse substitutes in…

  2. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Welding Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These Illinois skill standards for the welding cluster are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among education, business,…

  3. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Medical Office Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards, developed through a consortium of educational and industry partners in Illinois, serve as guides to workforce preparation program providers to define content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition and performance. The skill standards include the following…

  4. Building an Accountability System in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pancrazio, Sally Bulkley

    A historical overview of political events in Illinois that led to the establishment and implementation of a performance accountability system, school report cards, is presented in this report. The discussion shows that although statewide events influenced policymakers, local conditions and ethos also affected the result. The educational…

  5. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Accounting Services Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These Illinois skill standards for the accounting services cluster are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among education,…

  6. Predicting School Referenda Outcomes: Answers from Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lentz, Corliss

    1999-01-01

    Uses ordinary least-squares multivariate regression analysis to determine if jurisdictional types vary in their willingness to increase taxation for schools, employing 892 education fund referenda conducted in Illinois from 1981 to 1989. Outcomes do differ by jurisdiction type. The strongest predictor is willingness to pay for higher taxes. (29…

  7. The Kankakee Torrent and other large meltwater flooding events during the last deglaciation, Illinois, USA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Curry, B. Brandon; Hajic, Edwin R.; Clark, James A.; Befus, Kevin M.; Carrell, Jennifer E.; Brown, Steven E.

    2014-04-01

    Evidence of the Kankakee Torrent (Ekblaw and Athy, 1925) includes boulder bars formed on a scoured bedrock surface west of Kankakee, Illinois, and overflow channels that connect several moraine-dammed basins (Wauponsee, Watseka, and Pontiac; Willman and Payne, 1942). Geomorphic evidence of a large scale flood event in the Illinois Valley includes features such as erosional residuals (Hajic, 1990). The age of the Kankakee Torrent is about 19,000 cal yr BP based on the pooled mean of four radiocarbon ages of tundra plant stems and leaves from the Oswego channel complex (median probability = 18,930 cal yr BP, σ1 range, 18,870-18,970 cal yr BP). Analysis of recently obtained sediment cores from the middle Illinois River valley near Havana, Illinois, has revealed the bedrock surface is defended by a mantle of bouldery debris buried by 15 m of mostly slackwater lake sediment. Radiocarbon ages of needles archived in the lake sediment reveal evidence for an early lake phase that post-dates the Kankakee Torrent (18,030-17,530 cal yr BP) and a later lake phase (15,690-13,040 cal yr BP). The radiocarbon ages indicate that the deeply buried bouldery rubble was deposited by the Kankakee Torrent. Consideration of isostasy indicates that the earlier lake phase at Havana may have been associated with downward flexure of land surface in response to glacier loading. The younger lake phase was caused in part by deposition of a sediment dam (the Savanna-Deer Plain terrace) at the mouth of the Illinois River. The lake shoaled due to passing of the isostatic forebulge across the area.

  8. Pilot plant testing of Illinois coal for blast furnace injection. Technical report, March 1--May 31, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Crelling, J.C.

    1995-12-31

    A new use for Illinois coal is as fuel injected into a blast furnace to produce molten iron as first step in steel production. Because of cost and decreasing availability, metallurgical coke is being replaced by coal injected at the tuyere area of the furnace where the blast air enters. Purpose of this study is to evaluate combustion of Illinois coal in the blast furnace injection process in a pilot plant test facility. (Limited research to date suggests that coals of low fluidity and moderate to high S and Cl contents are suitable for blast furnace injection.) This proposal is intended to complete the study under way with Armco and Inland and to demonstrate quantitatively the suitability of Herrin No. 6 and Springfield No. 5 coals for injection. Main feature of current work is testing of Illinois coals at CANMET`s pilot plant coal combustion facility. During this quarter, two additional 300-pound samples of coal (IBCSP-110 Springfield No. 5 and an Appalachian coal) were delivered. Six Illinois Basin coals were analyzed with the CANMET model and compared with other bituminous coals from the Appalachians, France, Poland, South Africa, and Colombia. Based on computer modeling, lower rank bituminous coals, including coal from the Illinois Basin, compare well in injection with a variety of other bituminous coals.

  9. Chemical analyses of surface water in Illinois, 1958-74; Volume II, Illinois River basin and Mississippi River tributaries north of Illinois River basin

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Healy, R.W.; Toler, L.G.

    1978-01-01

    Samples of surface water were collected and analyzed by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency and its predecessor, the Stream Pollution Control Bureau of the Illinois Department of Public Health. The results for the period 1958 to 1974 are presented in tabular form and the history of sampling and analytical methods are included for all sites where samples were collected at gaging stations or near enough that reliable discharge estimates could be made. The report is contained in three volumes. This volume (Volume II) includes Illinois River basin and Mississippi River tributaries north of Illinois River basin. (See also W78-10034 and W78-10036) (Woodard-USGS)

  10. 8. Photographic copy of the original construction drawing dated June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Photographic copy of the original construction drawing dated June 1934, from the linens in possession of U.S. Army Engineers, Rock Island District, Clock Tower Building, Arsenal Island, Rock Island, Illinois. MISSISSIPPI RIVER, LOCK AND DAM NO. 15, LOCK OPERATOR'S SHELTER HOUSE, SECTIONS AND DETAILS - Locks & Dam No. 15, Locks Operator's Shelter House, Arsenal Island, Upper Mississippi River, Rock Island, Rock Island County, IL

  11. 7. Photographic copy of the original construction drawing, dated June ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photographic copy of the original construction drawing, dated June 1934, from the linens in possession of U.S. Army Engineers, Rock Island District, Clock Tower Building, Arsenal Island, Rock Island, Illinois. MISSISSIPPI RIVER, LOCK AND DAM NO. 15, LOCK OPERATOR'S SHELTER HOUSE, ELEVATIONS AND PLANS - Locks & Dam No. 15, Locks Operator's Shelter House, Arsenal Island, Upper Mississippi River, Rock Island, Rock Island County, IL

  12. 77 FR 19937 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Mile 21.6, Illinois Waterway, Hardin, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Mile 21.6, Illinois Waterway, Hardin... Drawbridge across the Illinois Waterway, mile 21.6, at Hardin, Illinois. The deviation is necessary to... Drawbridge, across the Illinois Waterway, mile 21.6, at Hardin, Illinois to remain in the...

  13. Mixing it Up: A Record of Holocene Climate Change in Non-Annually Laminated Sediment of Seneca Lake, NY

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rogers, C. E.; Curtin, T. M.

    2005-12-01

    The mid to late Holocene climate record was examined in two cores that represent distal sedimentation in Seneca Lake, one of 11 Finger Lakes in western New York. Laminated sediments, ~5 m thick, were collected from the middle of the lake at 131-137 m water depths. These sites were selected because they preserve a continuous record of changes in the hydrologic balance and sedimentary processes. Variations in grain size and fabric at 50-100-cm intervals were observed and represent time periods of hundreds to thousands of years. The combination of magnetic susceptibility, loss-on-ignition, grain size analysis by laser diffraction, and grain fabric analysis using thin sections allow us to reconstruct the evolution of the lake since deglaciation and to compare and contrast paleoclimate indicator data. Variations in the type of sedimentary fabrics preserved are coincident with variations in geochemical and sedimentological indicators of environmental conditions that may have occurred in response to fluctuations in the hydrologic balance and circulation and/or overturn. Laterally continuous, thin, black laminae rich in organic matter and possibly minute grains of iron sulfides accumulated during the mid Holocene Hypsithermal (~9-7 ka). Presence of black laminae may signify a steady supply of organic matter and an absence of oxygen, at least below the sediment-water interface if not in the lower part of the water column. Coincident with finely laminated sediment are the coarsest mean grain sizes. Three 2-6 cm thick sand beds occur in one core, suggesting that an influx of water and sediment occurred during intense storms. A combination of warmer surface water and influx of freshwater from storms during the Hypsithermal may have influenced the turnover history of the lake by stabilizing the water column. Absence of overturn would result in depletion of nutrients in surface waters, a decrease in primary productivity, and a decrease in oxygen at the bottom of the lake as a

  14. Alcohol fuels in Illinois: prospects and implications

    SciTech Connect

    Rao, V.; Walzer, N.

    1981-10-01

    Because of the importance of corn to the Illinois economy, the use of corn in the production of fuel alcohol offered major economic benefits for the state. One of the advantages to Illinois resulting from the use of corn to produce ethanol was increased employment. Expansion of the alcohol fuels industry meant greater employment in the alcohol industry directly as well as increased employment in the industries indirectly involved in alcohol production. Finally, the increased income generated by the greater employment would create additional jobs throughout the economy. The increased employment which could result from an expansion of the alcohol fuels industry was estimated. The employment is estimated by first estimating the demand for gasoline and gasoline-alcohols fuels based on population and income trends. After the demand for gasoline-alcohol fuels has been estimated, the direct, indirect, and induced employment resulting from various market shares are determined.

  15. Illinois task force on global climate change

    SciTech Connect

    Griffin, B.S.

    1996-12-31

    The purpose of this report is to document progress in the areas of national policy development, emissions reduction, research and education, and adaptation, and to identify specific actions that will be undertaken to implement the Illinois state action plan. The task force has been tracking national and international climate change policy, and helping shape national policy agenda. Identification and implementation of cost-effective mitigation measures has been performed for emissions reduction. In the area of research and education, the task force is developing the capacity to measure climate change indicators, maintaining and enhancing Illinois relevant research, and strengthening climate change education. Activities relevant to adaptation to new policy include strengthening water laws and planning for adaptation. 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  16. Disposition of insanity acquittees in Illinois.

    PubMed

    Wettstein, R M; Mulvey, E P

    1988-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the processing of insanity acquittees subsequent to criminal trial. This study first obtained descriptive data on new insanity acquittees (N = 137) in Illinois between January 1982 and July 1984 and then examined the criminal commitment criteria used by evaluating psychiatrists and criminal courts in the disposition of insanity acquittees. Acquittees in Illinois were largely male, chronic schizophrenics who had been acquitted for murder or attempted murder. Judges tended to use criminal criteria that were more demanding than those which had been recommended by psychiatrists. Stepwise discriminant analyses revealed that psychiatric diagnosis was the most influential factor in determining psychiatrists' recommendations and court dispositions. Psychiatrists and committing judges failed to comply with the requirements of the committment law in one quarter of the cases.

  17. ESTIMATION OF NAVIGATION - DAM DISCHARGE IN ILLINOIS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Weiss, Linda S.

    1987-01-01

    Techniques were used to estimate discharge for the Brandon Road Dam on the Des Plaines River and the Dresden Island, Marseilles, and Starved Rock Dams on the Illinois River in northern Illinois. Tainter gates are operated to regulate streamflow at all dams. Additionally, headgates are used for regulation of the Brandon Road Dam. Stage-discharge, gate-opening relations were developed from a total of 91 discharge measurements that range from 198 to 86,400 cubic feet per second (5. 6 to 2,450 cubic meters per second). Values for discharge coefficients, in equations that express discharge as a function of tailwater depth, headwater depth, and vertical height of gate opening, were determined for conditions of free-orifice, submerged-orifice, free-weir, and submerged-weir flow past a tainter gate.

  18. Absence of Altonian glaciation in Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Curry, B. Brandon

    1989-01-01

    Illinois was free of glacier ice from about 130,000 to 25,000 yr B.P. Deposits of this time interval in northeastern Illinois, represented by core samples from test-hole ISGS S-30, are composed of leached, nonglacigenic, stratified, or pedoturbated silty sediments that typically are organic-rich and pedogenically modified. These deposits overlie the Sangamon Soil, which is identified by its stratigraphic position, soil morphology, and distinct alteration products in the clay-mineral fraction, including a variably swelling vermiculite-like phase and a randomly interstratified kaolinite/10 A?? phase. The regional extent of these deposits suggests that if Altonian ice existed in the Lake Michigan basin, it did not extend westward beyond the cuesta of Silurian dolomite that rims the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan. ?? 1989.

  19. The floods of May 1943 in Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    1945-01-01

    In May 1943, Illinois was subjected to a series of flood that reached major intensities in the central part of the state but decreased to minor intensity--less than the maximum for the year--in the northwestern and extreme southern part. All records were broken on lower Illinois River and on its triibutaries entering from the east, from Sangamon River south, as well as on Kaskaskia River. These floods were the result of rain during the storm period May 6-21. At no place did it rain continuously for 24 hours and in most places the limit was about half a day. An appropriate description is a series of showers that produced a series of floods on small streams. As the rains continued, the ground became more nearly saturated and the ratio of runoff to rainfall increased. As the small streams entered larger ones, with their peaks arriving at different times, the channel storage of the larger streams smoothed out the minor peaks so that the very large streams had only one peak. The magnitude of channel storage in Illinois River and its adjoining lakes is emphasized by the fact that the peak discharge at Meredosia, lasting about 44 hours, was no greater than the peak discharge of Sangamon River at Oakford, 123,000 second-feet, that lasted about an hour.

  20. Liquefaction evidence for strong earthquakes of Holocene and latest Pleistocene ages in the states of Indiana and Illinois, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Obermeier, S.F.

    1998-01-01

    Sand- and gravel-filled clastic dikes of seismic liquefaction origin occur throughout much of southern Indiana and Illinois. Nearly all of these dikes originated from prehistoric earthquakes centered in the study area. In this area at least seven and probably eight strong prehistoric earthquakes have been documented as occurring during the Holocene, and at least one during the latest Pleistocene. The recognition of different earthquakes has been based mainly on timing of liquefaction in combination with the regional pattern of liquefaction effects, but some have been recognized only by geotechnical testing at sites of liquefaction. Most paleo-earthquakes presently recognized lie in Indiana, but equally as many may have occurred in Illinois. Studies in Illinois have not yet narrowly bracketed the age of clastic dikes at many sites, which sometimes causes uncertainty in defining the causative earthquake, but even in Illinois the largest paleo-earthquakes probably have been identified. Prehistoric magnitudes were probably as high as about moment magnitude M 7.5. This greatly exceeds the largest historic earthquake of M 5.5 centered in Indiana or Illinois. The strongest paleo-earthquakes struck in the vicinity of the concentration of strongest historic seismicity. Elsewhere, paleo-earthquakes on the order of M 6-7 have occurred even where there has been little or no historic seismicity. Both geologic and geotechnical methods of analysis have been essential for verification of seismic origin for the dikes and for back-calculating prehistoric magnitudes. Methods developed largely as part of this study should be of great value in unraveling the paleoseismic record elsewhere.Sand- and gravel-filled clastic dikes of seismic liquefaction origin occur throughout much of southern Indiana and Illinois. Nearly all of the dikes originated from prehistoric earthquakes. To date, both geologic and geotechnical methods of analysis have been essential for verification of seismic

  1. Canine heartworms in coyotes in Illinois.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Thomas A; Gregory, David G; Laursen, Jeffrey R

    2003-07-01

    Canine heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) disease affects wild canids and may be a factor impacting the health and population dynamics of coyotes (Canis latrans). Coyotes may serve also as a potential reservoir for transmission of these parasites to domestic dogs. We investigated 920 coyotes harvested by hunters and trappers throughout Illinois (USA) from 1995-1997. The objectives of the study were to: 1) survey the regional prevalence and intensity of heartworms in coyotes in Illinois, 2) determine whether heartworm intensity correlates with physical condition, particularly body weight and winter fat levels, and 3) evaluate the relationship between heartworm infections and the reproductive success of females. Prevalence of heartworms statewide was 16.0%. Prevalence was significantly higher in males (17.7%) than in females (14.1%; P = 0.04) and was higher in the older age-classes (P < 0.0001). The regional prevalence of heartworms increased from northern to southern Illinois. Intensity ranged from 1 to 111 with a mean of 8.7 (SD = 13.2) worms. Intensities did not differ significantly between sexes (P = 0.53) or among age-classes (P = 0.84). Most infected coyotes had low intensity infections, 78.2% carried < 12 heartworms, 11.6% had 12-24 worms, and 10.2% were infected with > 24 worms. Body weights were not correlated with the presence of heartworms, nor were levels of kidney fat and marrow fat. However, reproductive success was lower in infected females. The percent of yearling females that bred was lower among infected females, as was the number of offspring produced by adults > or = 3.5 yr old. Our study demonstrates that heavy infections adversely affect fur quality and reduce fecundity of some females, but these effects are small and few coyotes (4.1%) had enough worms to trigger them. Coyote populations have increased in Illinois during the past 20 yr, but prevalence and intensity of heartworm disease appears to have changed little in that period. We conclude

  2. Policies, Procedures, Guidelines, Rules and Regulations for the Administration and Operation of Public Junior Colleges. (Compilation of Existing Actions of the Illinois Junior College Board.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    This document is a compilation of existing policies, procedures, guidelines, rules, and regulations previously adopted by the Illinois Junior College Board, from its establishment in September 1965 through May 1973. Also in the document is a listing of due dates for various documents that are to be sent to the board office during the following…

  3. Illinois Department of Children and Family Services Text of Adopted Rules. Subchapter e: Requirements for Licensure. Part 406: Licensing Standards for Day Care Homes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Dept. of Children and Family Services, Springfield.

    Reprinted are licensing standards for day care homes adopted and codified, effective July 1983, by the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services and as amended, effective January and March 1985. Sections of the report concern the purpose, definitions of terms, effective date of standards, application for license, application for renewal…

  4. The Impact of Home-Based Child Care Provider Unionization on the Cost, Type, and Availability of Subsidized Child Care in Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grindal, Todd; West, Martin R.; Willett, John B.; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu

    2015-01-01

    In February 2005, Illinois became the first U.S. state to grant home-based child care providers (HBCPs) the right to form a labor union in order to bargain collectively with the state government. This policy inspired similar efforts across the country and represents a potentially important direction for child care policy. To date, the implications…

  5. Seneca Valley Virus 3Cpro Substrate Optimization Yields Efficient Substrates for Use in Peptide-Prodrug Therapy.

    PubMed

    Miles, Linde A; Brennen, W Nathaniel; Rudin, Charles M; Poirier, John T

    2015-01-01

    The oncolytic picornavirus Seneca Valley Virus (SVV-001) demonstrates anti-tumor activity in models of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), but may ultimately need to be combined with cytotoxic therapies to improve responses observed in patients. Combining SVV-001 virotherapy with a peptide prodrug activated by the viral protease 3Cpro is a novel strategy that may increase the therapeutic potential of SVV-001. Using recombinant SVV-001 3Cpro, we measured cleavage kinetics of predicted SVV-001 3Cpro substrates. An efficient substrate, L/VP4 (kcat/KM = 1932 ± 183 M(-1)s(-1)), was further optimized by a P2' N→P substitution yielding L/VP4.1 (kcat/KM = 17446 ± 2203 M(-1)s(-1)). We also determined essential substrate amino acids by sequential N-terminal deletion and substitution of amino acids found in other picornavirus genera. A peptide corresponding to the L/VP4.1 substrate was selectively cleaved by SVV-001 3Cpro in vitro and was stable in human plasma. These data define an optimized peptide substrate for SVV-001 3Cpro, with direct implications for anti-cancer therapeutic development. PMID:26069962

  6. Dietary quality and lifestyle factors in relation to 10-year mortality in older Europeans: the SENECA study.

    PubMed

    Haveman-Nies, Annemien; de Groot, Lisette P G M; Burema, Jan; Cruz, José A Amorim; Osler, Merete; van Staveren, Wija A

    2002-11-15

    The single and combined effects of three healthy lifestyle behaviors-nonsmoking, being physically active, and having a high-quality diet-on survival were investigated among older people in the SENECA Study. This European longitudinal study started with baseline measurements in 1988-1989 and lasted until April 30, 1999. The study population consisted of 631 men and 650 women aged 70-75 years from Belgium, Denmark, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Switzerland. A lifestyle score was calculated by adding the scores of the lifestyle factors physical activity, dietary quality, and smoking habits. The single lifestyle factors and the lifestyle score were related to mortality. Even at ages 70-75 years, the unhealthy lifestyle behaviors smoking, having a low-quality diet, and being physically inactive were singly related to an increased mortality risk (hazard ratios ranged from 1.2 to 2.1). The risk of death was further increased for all combinations of two unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. Finally, men and women with all three unhealthy lifestyle behaviors had a three- to fourfold increase in mortality risk. These results underscore the importance of a healthy lifestyle, including multiple lifestyle factors, and the maintenance of it with advancing age.

  7. Geomorphic, hydrologic, and erosion data for selected reclaimed hillslopes, the Seneca II Mine, Routt County, Colorado, October 1988 - July 1990

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Elliott, J.G.

    1993-01-01

    Geomorphic, hydrologic, and erosion data were collected from five reclaimed hillslopes at the Seneca II mine near Hayden, Colorado. Hillslope surveys were used to determine hillslope lengths, which range from 670 to 1,280 ft, and hillslope gradients, which range from 0.17 to 0.23 ft/ft (17 to 23 percent). Elevations in the study area range from 6,890 to 7,140 feet and hillslope aspect generally is west or south. Mean total vegetation cover ranges from 74 to 91 percent. Total monthly precipitation for December 1988 through May 1990 was computed from daily measurements made with weighing-bucket precipitation gages. Several snowpack measurements were made during 2 winters. Volumetric soil-water content was determined at incremental depths using a neutron probe and in the upper 11.8 in of soil using a time-domain reflectometer. Active and recent soil erosion was indicated by the presence of rills. Rill density (the sum of rill lengths/unit area) was computed at 50-feet intervals along each hillslope study area. Differences in soil-surface elevations between September or October 1989 and June 1990 were determined with an erosion frame and replicate soil-surface surveys at 16 erosion-study plots.

  8. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of Seneca Valley virus-001, a new member of the Picornaviridae family.

    PubMed

    Venkataraman, Sangita; Reddy, Seshidhar P; Loo, Jackie; Idamakanti, Neeraja; Hallenbeck, Paul L; Reddy, Vijay S

    2008-04-01

    Seneca Valley Virus-001 (SVV-001) is a newly found species in the Picornaviridae family. SVV-001 is the first naturally occurring nonpathogenic picornavirus observed to mediate selective cytotoxicity towards tumor cells with neuroendocrine cancer features. The nonsegmented (+)ssRNA genome of SVV-001 shares closest sequence similarity to the genomes of the members of the Cardiovirus genus. However, based on the distinct characteristics of the genome organization and other biochemical properties, it has been suggested that SVV-001 represents a new genus, namely 'Senecavirus', in the Picornaviridae family. In order to understand the oncolytic properties of SVV-001, the native virus was crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. The crystals belonged to space group R3, with unit-cell parameters (in the hexagonal setting) a = b = 311.5, c = 1526.4 A. Although the SVV crystals diffracted to better than 2.3 A resolution, the data quality is acceptable [I/sigma(I) > 2.0] to 2.6 A resolution. The unit-cell volume and the locked rotation-function analysis suggest that six particles could be accommodated in the unit cell, with two distinct sets of one third of a particle, each containing 20 protomers, occupying the crystallographic asymmetric unit. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00314925)

  9. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of Seneca Valley Virus-001, a new member of the Picornaviridae family

    SciTech Connect

    Venkataraman, Sangita; Reddy, Seshidhar P.; Loo, Jackie; Idamakanti, Neeraja; Hallenbeck, Paul L.; Reddy, Vijay S.

    2008-04-01

    Seneca Valley Virus-001 (SVV-001) is a newly found species in the Picornaviridae family. SVV-001 is the first naturally occurring nonpathogenic picornavirus observed to mediate selective cytotoxicity towards tumor cells with neuroendocrine cancer features. The nonsegmented (+)ssRNA genome of SVV-001 shares closest sequence similarity to the genomes of the members of the Cardiovirus genus. However, based on the distinct characteristics of the genome organization and other biochemical properties, it has been suggested that SVV-001 represents a new genus, namely 'Senecavirus', in the Picornaviridae family. In order to understand the oncolytic properties of SVV-001, the native virus was crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method. The crystals belonged to space group R3, with unit-cell parameters (in the hexagonal setting) a = b = 311.5, c = 1526.4 {angstrom}. Although the SVV crystals diffracted to better than 2.3 {angstrom} resolution, the data quality is acceptable [I/{sigma}(I) > 2.0] to 2.6 {angstrom} resolution. The unit-cell volume and the locked rotation-function analysis suggest that six particles could be accommodated in the unit cell, with two distinct sets of one third of a particle, each containing 20 protomers, occupying the crystallographic asymmetric unit.

  10. Stable isotope record from Seneca Lake, New York: Evidence for a cold paleoclimate following the Younger Dryas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderson, William T.; Mullins, Henry T.; Ito, Emi

    1997-02-01

    A radiocarbon controlled stable isotope record from Seneca Lake, New York, has defined a relatively cold paleoclimate (10.1 8.2 ka) that was younger, and regionally of greater magnitude, than the well-known Younger Dryas cold interval. These new isotope results are supported by published pollen records, from throughout the Great Lakes region, that also define a relatively cold paleoclimate at this time. This cold paleoclimate occurred during global meltwater pulse IB when large volumes of cold, isotopically light (low δ18O) meltwater flowed into the Great Lakes from the rapidly retreating Laurentide ice sheet. The discharge of cold glacial meltwaters into the Great Lakes during pulse IB suppressed downwind summer temperatures in the Finger Lakes region and provided a source of isotopically light precipitation. Published proxy data from Greenland, Norway, and Alaska also record relatively cold paleoclimates following the Younger Dryas, suggesting widespread Northern Hemisphere cooling as a direct result of the rapid melting of the Laurentide ice sheet between 10 and 8 ka.

  11. Seneca Valley Virus 3Cpro Substrate Optimization Yields Efficient Substrates for Use in Peptide-Prodrug Therapy.

    PubMed

    Miles, Linde A; Brennen, W Nathaniel; Rudin, Charles M; Poirier, John T

    2015-01-01

    The oncolytic picornavirus Seneca Valley Virus (SVV-001) demonstrates anti-tumor activity in models of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), but may ultimately need to be combined with cytotoxic therapies to improve responses observed in patients. Combining SVV-001 virotherapy with a peptide prodrug activated by the viral protease 3Cpro is a novel strategy that may increase the therapeutic potential of SVV-001. Using recombinant SVV-001 3Cpro, we measured cleavage kinetics of predicted SVV-001 3Cpro substrates. An efficient substrate, L/VP4 (kcat/KM = 1932 ± 183 M(-1)s(-1)), was further optimized by a P2' N→P substitution yielding L/VP4.1 (kcat/KM = 17446 ± 2203 M(-1)s(-1)). We also determined essential substrate amino acids by sequential N-terminal deletion and substitution of amino acids found in other picornavirus genera. A peptide corresponding to the L/VP4.1 substrate was selectively cleaved by SVV-001 3Cpro in vitro and was stable in human plasma. These data define an optimized peptide substrate for SVV-001 3Cpro, with direct implications for anti-cancer therapeutic development.

  12. Teen Dating Violence

    MedlinePlus

    ... dating violence prevention initiative seeks to reduce dating violence and increase healthy relationships in high-risk urban communities through comprehensive, multisector prevention. Division of Adolescent ...

  13. Comprehensive Career Development for Illinois: Findings and Recommendations of the Illinois Career Development Task Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, J. Mark; Bragg, Debra D.; Makela, Julia Panke

    2008-01-01

    This report summarizes major findings and recommendations of the Illinois Career Development Task Force. The first section provides background information on Task Force formation, membership, meetings, and discussion topics. The second section defines career development, based on the consensus-building process employed by the Task Force, and…

  14. Proceedings of Southern Illinois Mathematics Leadership Conference--II (Carbondale, Illinois, February 22, 1986).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedersen, Katherine, Ed.; Owens, Alison, Ed.

    The purpose of this conference was to discuss the implications on the teaching and learning of mathematics of the system of objectives and assessment instruments that must be generated in order to meet state directives in Illinois. General overall concerns included: (1) the classroom teacher and district administrators may view the testing as…

  15. Safe Driving in Illinois. A Manual to Accompany the Illinois Rules of the Road.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Gail; Nowack, Linda

    Designed to accompany and supplement the Illinois Rules of the Road manual, this book is intended to better prepare future drivers for the written test for the instruction permit or driver's license. It includes many pictures and shows and describes driving situations a driver will probably face when behind the wheel. Parts dealing with important…

  16. Guide for Migrants in the State of Illinois = Guia para Migrantes en el Estado de Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langemach, Sharon; Koepplinger, Jessica

    Prepared for migrant farmworkers traveling in the State of Illinois, the booklet, written in English and Spanish, provides basic information on (1) employment conditions--requirements of crew leaders and employers, deductions from wages, and laws regulating child labor; (2) housing--conditions of the camp grounds and of living units; (3)…

  17. Chemical analyses of surface water in Illinois, 1975-77; Volume 2, Illinois River basin and Mississippi River tributaries north of Illinois River basin

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Grason, David; Healy, R.W.

    1979-01-01

    Samples of surface water were collected and analyzed by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency. The results from water years 1975 to 1977 are presented in three volumes. The history of sampling and analytical methods used during that period are summarized. Stream discharge data from records of the U.S. Geological Survey are included for all sites where samples were collected at gaging stations or near enough that reliable discharge estimates could be made. Volume II includes the Illinois River basin and Mississippi River tributaries north of Illinois River basin. (Woodard-USGS)

  18. Dating and Marriage

    MedlinePlus

    ... Family : Dating & Marriage Subscribe Translate Text Size Print Dating and Marriage Dating and Marriage If you are living with HIV, ... Living! Having HIV does not prevent you from dating or marrying—it just may require a little ...

  19. The Relationship between Educational Resources and Student Achievement in Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKelvey, Barbara E.

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation examined the relationship between educational resources and student achievement in Illinois public schools. Illinois school districts were compared by type, size, and location. This study built on the premise that disparities exist in educational resources because of the state's reliance on property taxes to fund education.…

  20. Illinois State Library Strategic Plan: 2008-2011. Progress Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Jesse

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports the progress made by the Illinois State Library for 2008-2011. The library's achievements are presented according to the following goals: (1) Promote the use of technology to improve library services; (2) Provide leadership to the Illinois Library community to enhance library service; (3) Increase access to library services for…

  1. Illinois Higher Education: Building the Economy, Shaping Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Resek, Robert W.; Merriman, David F.; Hartter, Susan R.; McCarthy, Diane M.; Byrne, Paul F.

    This report examines some of the costs of higher education and the benefits Illinois citizens receive in return. The study examines both public and private higher education and measures the impact on a state-wide basis. Data come from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System and data collected by the Illinois State Board of Higher…

  2. Antibody Prevalence of West Nile Virus in Birds, Illinois, 2002

    PubMed Central

    Blitvich, Bradley J.; Koo, Hyun-Young; Van de Wyngaerde, Marshall; Brawn, Jeff D.; Novak, Robert J.

    2004-01-01

    Antibodies to West Nile virus were detected in 94 of 1,784 Illinois birds during 2002. Captive and urban birds had higher seropositivity than did birds from natural areas, and northern and central Illinois birds’ seropositivity was greater than that from birds from the southern sites. Adult and hatch-year exposure rates did not differ significantly. PMID:15207067

  3. Illinois Community College Funding Formula Survey. Volume 21, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fonte, Richard; And Others

    A survey was conducted of Illinois community college presidents and business managers to determine current institutional thinking on the Illinois funding formula. Study findings, based on responses from 36 out of the 39 colleges in the state included the following: (1) 64% of the respondents favored the concept of averaging credit hours and unit…

  4. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: In-Store Retailing Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the in-store retailing cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards…

  5. The Diversity of Illinois Public Universities. Item #3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    Institutional distinctiveness is an important consideration in establishing state priorities, enhancing quality, and improving productivity in Illinois public universities. This report compares and contrasts Illinois' 12 public universities on 24 characteristics to illustrate the diversity among these schools. The characteristics are arrayed in…

  6. Selected Collective Bargaining Agreements of Illinois Two-Year Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC.

    Collective bargaining agreements of 22 selected Illinois two-year colleges are presented, representing contracts in effect in 1988. Contracts for the following colleges are included: Belleville Area College, Black Hawk College, Carl Sandburg College, College of Lake County, Cook County College, Highland Community College, Illinois Central College,…

  7. 77 FR 61595 - Northern Illinois Municipal Power; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Municipal Power; Notice of Filing October 2, 2012. Take notice that on October 1, 2012, Northern Illinois Municipal Power filed its Revised and...

  8. 77 FR 61595 - Southern Illinois Power Cooperative; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Southern Illinois Power Cooperative; Notice of Filing Take notice that on October 1, 2012, Southern Illinois Power Cooperative filed its Revised and Superseding Proposed...

  9. 77 FR 47059 - Southern Illinois Power Cooperative; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Southern Illinois Power Cooperative; Notice of Filing Take notice that on July 30, 2012, Southern Illinois Power Cooperative filed a Proposed Revenue Requirement for...

  10. Guidelines for Teaching and Testing the Illinois Constitution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Springfield. Instructional Services Unit.

    This document sets forth guidelines for teaching and testing public school students on the principles of democratic government as expressed in the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of Illinois. Identification is made of ways of making the examination required by the state of Illinois not only an integral part of…

  11. Illinois Association for Counseling and Development (IACD) Quarterly, 1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illovsky, M., Ed.

    1991-01-01

    This document consists of the four issues of the "IACD Quarterly" published in 1991. Articles in the 1991 volume include: (1) "The History, Current Status and Future of Counselor Preparation in Illinois: Background and Overview" (William Gorman); (2) "Counselor Education in Illinois Prior to 1958" (John Storey); (3) "The Golden Book and Counselor…

  12. Illinois Community College System. Performance Report For Fiscal Year 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The Illinois Community College System Performance Report replaces the Results Report and reflects an initial effort to increasingly streamline and integrate state outcomes and progress reporting in Illinois. The fresh approach taken this year further combines qualitative information and quantitative data reporting. The Performance Report is…

  13. The Illinois Articulation Initiative: The Transferable General Education Core Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    The Illinois Board of Higher Education has endorsed a four-step plan to accelerate implementation of its policies on transfer and articulation. The plan involved calling for all community colleges to adopt the Illinois Community College Board's (ICCB's) Model Associate in Arts (AA) and Associate in Science (AS) Degree Requirements; developing a…

  14. School District Reorganization in Illinois: Improving Educational Opportunities for Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Robert F.; Arnold, Robert L.

    This paper examines recent school district consolidation in Illinois. A literature review summarizes: (1) evidence that led the state of Illinois to offer financial incentives for school and school district consolidation; (2) research on strengths and weaknesses of large and small schools and large and small school districts; and (3) attitudes…

  15. Administrative Rules of the Illinois Community College Board.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    This document presents the administrative rules of the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB). Subpart A, the Illinois Community College Board Administration, presents items such as definition of terms, advisory groups, manuals, appearance at ICCB meetings, advisory opinions, recognition, and appeal procedure. Subpart B, Local District…

  16. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Industrial Maintenance General Maintenance Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards for the industrial maintenance general maintenance cluster are intended to be a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. An introduction provides the Illinois perspective; Illinois Occupational…

  17. Characteristics of Illinois School Districts That Employ School Nurses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Searing, Lisabeth M.; Guenette, Molly

    2016-01-01

    Research indicates that school nursing services are cost-effective, but the National Association of School Nurses estimates that 25% of schools do not have a school nurse (SN). The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of Illinois school districts that employed SNs. This was a secondary data analysis of Illinois School Report…

  18. Teacher Recertification: A Historical Analysis of the Illinois Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodbeck, Nancy Negley

    2009-01-01

    License renewal and recertification have long been standard practice in service professions. Ten years ago, a new law called for policy revision and mandated that Illinois teachers acquire continuing professional development to maintain certification. This study provides a historical perspective of the Illinois teacher recertification process,…

  19. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Chemical Process Technical Operators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for programs preparing students for employment as chemical process technical operators. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the process…

  20. The Illinois 9th Grade Adolescent Health Survey. Full Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    A survey was conducted in Illinois to identify the risk of certain health problems among adolescents; to determine the health status of Illinois youth in relation to the Surgeon General's "Healthy People 2000 Objectives" and monitor progress toward national and state goals; and to help those working at national, state, and local levels develop…

  1. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Clinical Laboratory Science/Biotechnology Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for clinical laboratory occupations programs. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the process used to develop the…

  2. Accountability and Productivity: Report for the Illinois Community College System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    Within the Illinois Community College System (ICCS), each of the 50 member colleges reports to the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB) on their productivity improvements. This report summarizes the productivity reports of the ICCS colleges, examines the results of a series of analyses of productivity conducted by the ICCB from a statewide…

  3. Hispanic Superintendents in Illinois: Current Trends and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Espinoza, Ricardo

    2012-01-01

    The trends and challenges faced by Hispanic superintendents in Illinois are stated and analyzed throughout the study in both literature and practice. The examined items centered on the issues of hiring experiences and other barriers associated with the acquisition and longevity of the superintendency in Illinois. Data for the study were collected…

  4. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Entry-Level Truck Driver.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for programs preparing students for employment as entry-level truck drivers. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the…

  5. Illinois Rural Life Panel Summary Report, Volume 4, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Nancy

    1993-01-01

    The Illinois Rural Life Panel, a sample of approximately 2,000 residents living in Illinois' 76 nonmetropolitan counties, is surveyed annually about various issues. The 1993 survey results are reported in four brief summaries. In the first summary, which discusses health care, panelists indicated dissatisfaction with the current health-care…

  6. 77 FR 47060 - Illinois Municipal Electric Agency; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Illinois Municipal Electric Agency; Notice of Filing Take notice that on July 30, 2012, Illinois Municipal Electric Agency filed a Proposed Revenue Requirement for...

  7. 77 FR 61596 - Illinois Electric Agency; Notice of Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Illinois Electric Agency; Notice of Filing Take notice that on October 1, 2012, Illinois Electric Agency filed its Revised and Superseding Proposed Revenue Requirement...

  8. Water quality in Illinois, 1990-1991. Biennial report

    SciTech Connect

    Northrop, C.

    1993-01-01

    The report is a summary of the 305(b) Illinois Water Quality Report. It highlights the 1990 - 1991 water quality conditions of Illinois rivers, streams, inland lakes, Lake Michigan, and groundwater. The report also outlines current water quality issues and the IEPA's water pollution control programs.

  9. Illinois Science Assessment Framework: Grades 4 and 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The Illinois Science Assessment Framework is designed to assist educators, test developers, policy makers and the public by clearly defining those elements of the Illinois Learning Standards that are suitable for state testing. It is not designed to replace a local science curriculum and should not be considered a state science curriculum. The…

  10. Teacher Education Packet for Illinois Core Curriculum in Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemp, Paul; Pepple, Jerry

    Developed for use by teacher educators or state staff, this teaching packet provides preservice or inservice training to teachers and prospective teachers on how to use the Illinois Core Curriculum in Agriculture. (It is recommended that copies of the Illinois core materials be available to the students.) Three problem areas are included:…

  11. Supercomputing in American Academia: The University of Illinois Example.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Jarrett S.

    1991-01-01

    The University of Illinois' National Center for Supercomputing Applications, a cooperative effort of the National Science Foundation, University of Illinois, the state, and industry, offers training and support services in the use of technologically advanced computing for scientific research. The computers simulate physical phenomena that are…

  12. Illinois Youth Summit, 2001. Resource Guide for Students and Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Constitutional Rights Foundation, Chicago, IL.

    Now in its seventh year, the Illinois Youth Summit focuses on issues of violence affecting youth. On December 5, 2000, representatives from 21 high school classrooms across Illinois met to determine youth safety issues of greatest relevance to students across the state. These students identified three sources of violence to address at the 2001…

  13. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Court Reporter/Captioner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the court reporter/captioner cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

  14. Financial Reporting Practices in Illinois Public Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skeadas, Gus J.

    A study was conducted to determine how well Illinois' 38 community college districts satisfied the needs of board members, creditors, investors, and tax payers for financial information. A list of 38 financial reporting requirements was developed from the requirements of the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB) and guidelines from the Audits of…

  15. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Finishing and Distribution Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the finishing and distribution cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards…

  16. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Collision Repair Technician Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the (vehicle) collision repair technician cluster. It begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards…

  17. Continuous monitoring of sediment and nutrients in the Illinois River at Florence, Illinois, 2012-13

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Terrio, Paul J.; Straub, Timothy D.; Domanski, Marian M.; Siudyla, Nicholas A.

    2015-01-01

    The Illinois River is the largest river in Illinois and is the primary contributing watershed for nitrogen, phosphorus, and suspended-sediment loading to the upper Mississippi River from Illinois. In addition to streamflow, the following water-quality constituents were monitored at the Illinois River at Florence, Illinois (U.S. Geological Survey station number 05586300), during May 2012–October 2013: phosphate, nitrate, turbidity, temperature, specific conductance, pH, and dissolved oxygen. The objectives of this monitoring were to (1) determine performance capabilities of the in-situ instruments; (2) collect continuous data that would provide an improved understanding of constituent characteristics during normal, low-, and high-flow periods and during different climatic and land-use seasons; (3) evaluate the ability to use continuous turbidity as a surrogate constituent to determine suspended-sediment concentrations; and (4) evaluate the ability to develop a regression model for total phosphorus using phosphate, turbidity, and other measured parameters. Reliable data collection was achieved, following some initial periods of instrument and data-communication difficulties. The resulting regression models for suspended sediment had coefficient of determination (R2) values of about 0.9. Nitrate plus nitrite loads computed using continuous data were found to be approximately 8 percent larger than loads computed using traditional discrete-sampling based models. A regression model for total phosphorus was developed by using historic orthophosphate data (important during periods of low flow and low concentrations) and historic suspended-sediment data (important during periods of high flow and higher concentrations). The R2of the total phosphorus regression model using orthophosphorus and suspended sediment was 0.8. Data collection and refinement of the regression models is ongoing.

  18. RAINFALL-LOSS PARAMETER ESTIMATION FOR ILLINOIS.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Weiss, Linda S.; Ishii, Audrey

    1986-01-01

    The U. S. Geological Survey is currently conducting an investigation to estimate values of parameters for two rainfall-loss computation methods used in a commonly used flood-hydrograph model. Estimates of six rainfall-loss parameters are required: four for the Exponential Loss-Rate method and two for the Initial and Uniform Loss-Rate method. Multiple regression analyses on calibrated data from 616 storms at 98 gaged basins are being used to develop parameter-estimating techniques for these six parameters at ungaged basins in Illinois. Parameter-estimating techniques are being verified using data from a total of 105 storms at 35 uncalibrated gaged basins.

  19. Gasifier feed - Tailor-made from Illinois coals

    SciTech Connect

    Ehrlinger, H.P. III ); Lytle, J.; Frost, R.R.; Lizzio, A.; Kohlenberger, L.; Brewer, K. DESTEC Energy Williams Technology, Illinois Coal Association )

    1992-01-01

    The main purpose of this project is to produce a feedstock from preparation plant fines from an illinois coal that is ideal for a slurry fed, slagging, entrained-flow coal gasifier. The high sulfur content and high Btu value of Illinois coals are particularly advantageous in such a gasifier; preliminary calculations indicate that the increased cost of removing sulfur from the gas from a high sulfur coal is more than offset by the increased revenue from the sale of the elemental sulfur; additionally the high Btu Illinois coal concentrates more energy into the slurry of a given coal to water ratio. The Btu is higher not only because of the higher Btu value of the coal but also because Illinois coal requires less water to produce a pumpable slurry than western coal, i.e., as little as 30--35% water may be used for Illinois coal as compared to approximately 45% for most western coals.

  20. Results of a Survey of Illinois Academic Libraries Affiliated with ILLINET. Illinois Libraries Statistical Report No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhor, Herbert

    This publication reports the results of the first annual survey of those Illinois academic libraries affiliated with the Illinois Library and Information Network (ILLINET). It is noted that responses were received from 132 libraries, a 91 percent response rate. Information is presented on public use of academic library materials and services;…

  1. Empirical analysis of electricity wheeling in Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Jensen, V.; Scott, M.

    1988-01-01

    This report examines in detail the potential effect of wheeling on electrical rates for all customers. Empirical estimates of the costs of increasing levels of wheeling were prepared using a detailed model of electric utility production and finance. Scenarios were constructed for Commonwealth Edison and Illinois Power Companies. Results of the analysis show that moderate amounts of bypass for Commonwealth Edison (150 to 1000 MW), produce increases in average costs between 0.8% and 10.8%. For Illinois Power, wheeling levels of between 75 to 300 MW, produce increases between 3 and 14%. The results of the analysis suggest that the costs of bypass are closely linked to the capacity situation of the affected utility at the time wheeling takes place. Estimates were prepared of the secondary economic impacts of bypass. Losses in employment and personal income could be expected if rates were raised to 'reimburse' utilities for revenue losses. These losses would amount to less than one-half of one percent of total employment, personal income, and Gross State Product.

  2. Proceedings, Illinois water-data-users meeting

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Toler, L. G.

    1982-01-01

    The increased demand for water and concern for the quality of the water resources of Illinois have lead to increased demand for water-resources data. Representatives of the major water-data-collecting and water-data-using agencies met in Peoria, Illinois, on February 23-24, 1982, to (1) exchange information on current water-data programs and needs; (2) identify areas where data are needed; and (3) foster coordination and cooperation between agencies. Recommendations of the group included (1) annual meetings of agencies for coordination of activities; (2) standard methods for collecting and analyzing water data be adopted; (3) a centralized data system be established as a means of sharing water data; (4) water data should be indexed and cataloged, either by each agency or by some centralized system; (5) a statewide water-data-coordination committee should be formed with members from all water-related agencies; (6) a work group be formed to consider the use of uniform water-data codes; and (7) a cooperative working agreement be developed among all water-data-collection agnecies in the State to coordinate and maximize efforts on basin-intensive projects.

  3. Initial Testing of the Replication Competent Seneca Valley Virus (NTX-010) by the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program

    PubMed Central

    Morton, Christopher L.; Houghton, Peter J.; Kolb, E. Anders; Gorlick, Richard; Reynolds, C. Patrick; Kang, Min H.; Maris, John M.; Keir, Stephen T.; Wu, Jianrong; Smith, Malcolm A.

    2010-01-01

    Background Seneca Valley virus (NTX-010) is a non-recombinant, replication competent RNA virus that is undergoing phase 1 clinical trials in adults for tumors with neuroendocrine characteristics. Here we have evaluated the antitumor activity of NTX-010 administered systemically. Procedures In vitro NTX-010 was tested against 23 cell lines exposed for 96 hours at 1 × 10−4 to 104 viral particles (vp)/cell. In vivo NTX-010 was administered intravenously once at 3 × 1012 vp/kg. Three measures of antitumor activity were used: 1) an objective response measure modeled after the clinical setting; 2) a treated to control (T/C) tumor volume measure; and 3) a time to event (4-fold increase in tumor volume for solid tumor models), measure based on the median event-free survival (EFS) of treated and control animals for each xenograft. Results In vitro NTX-010 demonstrated a marked cytotoxic effect in a subset of the cell lines from the neuroblastoma, Ewing sarcoma, and rhabdomyosarcoma panels. In vivo the most consistent activity was observed for the rhabdomyosarcoma and the neuroblastoma panels, with all four of the alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma xenografts and 4 of 5 neuroblastoma xenografts achieving CR or maintained CR. Objective responses were also observed in the rhabdoid tumor, Wilms tumor, and glioblastoma panels. Conclusions NTX-010 demonstrated a high level of activity both in vitro and in vivo. Further analysis of existing testing and molecular characterization data may help define the biological characteristics of cancer cells that are associated with response to NTX-010. PMID:20582972

  4. Preparing Principals for Success with English Language Learners: Challenges and Opportunities in Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Alison; Van Tuyle, Vicki

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the challenges and opportunities of the English Language Learner (ELL) components of Illinois' new principal preparation legislation [Illinois Public Act 96-0903]. In 2011, Illinois passed Illinois Public Act 96-0903 creating new rules for principal preparation programs requiring institutions or organizations certifying…

  5. Directory of Services for Migrant Families. [Illinois ESEA Title I, Migrant, 1975].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.

    Written in both English and Spanish, this directory presents brief descriptions of the services provided to Illinois' migratory agricultural workers and their families by the: State Office of Education; Farm Worker Ministry; Illinois Migrant Council; Illinois State Employment Service; University of Illinois Cooperative Extension Service; community…

  6. Food Product Dating

    MedlinePlus

    ... Formula What do can codes mean? Dates on Egg Cartons UPC or Bar Codes Storage Times Refrigerator ... primarily on perishable foods such as meat, poultry, eggs and dairy products. "Closed" or "coded" dating might ...

  7. Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi isolated from ticks and small animals in Illinois.

    PubMed

    Picken, R N; Cheng, Y; Han, D; Nelson, J A; Reddy, A G; Hayden, M K; Picken, M M; Strle, F; Bouseman, J K; Trenholme, G M

    1995-09-01

    We have characterized 33 isolates of Borrelia burgdorferi from northern Illinois (32 isolates) and Wisconsin (1 isolate) representing the largest series of midwestern isolates investigated to date. The techniques used for molecular analysis of strains included (i) genospecies typing with species-specific PCR primers, (ii) plasmid profiling by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of total genomic DNA, (iii) large-restriction-fragment pattern (LRFP) analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of MluI-digested genomic DNA (J. Belfaiza, D. Postic, E. Bellenger, G. Baranton, and I. Saint Girons, J. Clin. Microbiol. 31:2873-2877, 1993), (iv) sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of total proteins, (v) microsequencing of high-performance liquid chromatography-purified peptides derived from proteins showing high levels of expression, (vi) amino acid composition analysis of proteins, and (vii) immunological analysis of proteins with a polyclonal antiserum of human origin. Five reference strains as well as two atypical tick isolates from California (DN127) and New York (25015) were included for comparison. All of the Illinois and Wisconsin isolates were typed as B. burgdorferi sensu stricto with genospecies-specific PCR primers. The isolates were found to be heterogeneous with regard to their plasmid and protein profiles. One isolate from Illinois possessed two large-molecular-size plasmids instead of the usual 49-kb plasmid. Fragment patterns resulting from MluI digestion of genomic DNA from the 33 isolates and strains DN127 and 25015 were separable into six distinct LRFPs, five of which have not previously been described. Strain 25015 and an isolate from Illinois (CT39) shared an unusual LRFP that is not typical of other B. burgdorferi sensu stricto strains, suggesting that they may represent a fifth species of B. burgdorferi sensu lato. Five of the 33 isolates and strains DN127 and 25015 showed high-level expression of proteins with molecular masses of

  8. Radiometric Dating Does Work!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalrymple, G. Brent

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the accuracy of dating methods and creationist arguments that radiometric dating does not work. Explains the Manson meteorite impact and the Pierre shale, the ages of meteorites, the K-T tektites, and dating the Mount Vesuvius eruption. (Author/YDS)

  9. Biostratigraphical dating of the Thornton Fossil Konservat-Lagerstätte, Silurian, Illinois, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Loydell, David K.; Mullins, Gary L.; Mannik, Peep; Mikulic, Donald G.; Kluessendorf, Joanne

    2002-01-01

    Graptoloid graptolites, conodonts and chitinozoans from the lower part of the Racine Dolomite Formation at the Material Services Corporation quarry at Thornton indicate that the Fossil Konservat-Lagerstätte here is of late Sheinwoodian (early Wenlock) age. It is thus of an age approximately midway between those of the other Midwest Lagerstätten: within the Brandon Bridge Formation at Waukesha (Telychian), and the Mississinewa Shale (Gorstian) and Lecthaylus Shale (Gorstian). Conodonts indicate that the Fossil Konservat-Lagerstätte at Thornton corresponds to the ‘post Kockelella walliseri interregnum’ sensu Jeppsson (1997, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences88: 91–114)

  10. 77 FR 75161 - Filing Dates for the Illinois Special Election in the 2nd Congressional District

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-19

    ..., 2013, shall file a 12- day Pre-Primary Report, a 12-day Pre-General Report, and a 30-day Post- General... 14, 2013; a 12-day Pre-General Report on March 28, 2013; and a 30-day Post-General Report on May 9... Special Primary Election on February 26, 2013, shall file a 12-day Pre-Primary Report. Committees...

  11. 75 FR 49931 - Filing Dates for the Illinois Senate Special Election

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-16

    ... November 2, 2010, shall file a 12-day Pre-General Report, and a 30-day Post-General Report. FOR FURTHER... Election shall file a 12-day Pre-General Report on October 21, 2010, and a 30-day Post-General Report on... overnight Filing Report books\\1\\ mailing deadline deadline Pre-General 10/13/10 10/18/10 10/21/10...

  12. Manning's roughness coefficient for Illinois streams

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Soong, David T.; Prater, Crystal D.; Halfar, Teresa M.; Wobig, Loren A.

    2012-01-01

    Manning's roughness coefficients for 43 natural and constructed streams in Illinois are reported and displayed on a U.S. Geological Survey Web site. At a majority of the sites, discharge and stage were measured, and corresponding Manning's coefficients—the n-values—were determined at more than one river discharge. The n-values discussed in this report are computed from data representing the stream reach studied and, therefore, are reachwise values. Presentation of the resulting n-values takes a visual-comparison approach similar to the previously published Barnes report (1967), in which photographs of channel conditions, description of the site, and the resulting n-values are organized for each site. The Web site where the data can be accessed and are displayed is at URL http://il.water.usgs.gov/proj/nvalues/.

  13. Traveltime and longitudinal dispersion in Illinois streams

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Graf, Julia B.

    1986-01-01

    Twenty-seven measurements of traveltime and longitudinal dispersion in 10 Illinois streams made from 1975 to 1982 provide data needed for estimating traveltime of peak concentration of a conservative solute, traveltime of the leading edge of a solute cloud, peak concentration resulting from injection of a given quantity of solute, and passage time of solute past a given point on a stream. These four variables can be estimated graphically for each stream from distance of travel and either discharge at the downstream end of the reach or flow-duration frequency. From equations developed from field measurements, the traveltime and dispersion characteristics also can be estimated for other unregulated streams in Illinois that have drainage areas less than about 1,500 square miles. For unmeasured streams, traveltime of peak concentration and of the leading edge of the cloud are related to discharge at the downstream end of the reach and to distance of travel. For both measured and unmeasured streams, peak concentration and passage time are best estimated from the relation of each to traveltime. In measured streams, dispersion efficiency is greater than that predicted by Fickian diffusion theory. The rate of decrease in peak concentration with traveltime is about equal to the rate of increase in passage time. Average velocity in a stream reach, given by the velocity of the center of solute mass in that reach, can be estimated from an equation developed from measured values. The equation relates average reach velocity to discharge at the downstream end of the reach. Average reach velocities computed for 9 of the 10 streams from available equations that are based on hydraulic-geometry relations are high relative to measured values. The estimating equation developed from measured velocities provides estimates of average reach velocity that are closer to measured velocities than are those computed using equations developed from hydraulic-geometry relations.

  14. Devonian shale gas resource assessment, Illinois basin

    SciTech Connect

    Cluff, R.M.; Cluff, S.G.; Murphy, C.M.

    1996-12-31

    In 1980 the National Petroleum Council published a resource appraisal for Devonian shales in the Appalachian, Michigan, and Illinois basins. Their Illinois basin estimate of 86 TCFG in-place has been widely cited but never verified nor revised. The NPC estimate was based on extremely limited canister off-gas data, used a highly simplified volumetric computation, and is not useful for targeting specific areas for gas exploration. In 1994 we collected, digitized, and normalized 187 representative gamma ray-bulk density logs through the New Albany across the entire basin. Formulas were derived from core analyses and methane adsorption isotherms to estimate total organic carbon (r{sup 2}=0.95) and gas content (r{sup 2}=0.79-0.91) from shale bulk density. Total gas in place was then calculated foot-by-foot through each well, assuming normal hydrostatic pressures and assuming the shale is gas saturated at reservoir conditions. The values thus determined are similar to peak gas contents determined by canister off-gassing of fresh cores but are substantially greater than average off-gas values. Greatest error in the methodology is at low reservoir pressures (or at shallow depths), however, the shale is generally thinner in these areas so the impact on the total resource estimate is small. The total New Albany gas in place was determined by integration to be 323 TCFG. Of this, 210 TCF (67%) is in the upper black Grassy Creek Shale, 72 TCF (23%) in the middle black and gray Selmier Shale, and 31 TCF (10%) in the basal black Blocher Shale. Water production concerns suggest that only the Grassy Creek Shale is likely to be commercially exploitable.

  15. Devonian shale gas resource assessment, Illinois basin

    SciTech Connect

    Cluff, R.M.; Cluff, S.G.; Murphy, C.M. )

    1996-01-01

    In 1980 the National Petroleum Council published a resource appraisal for Devonian shales in the Appalachian, Michigan, and Illinois basins. Their Illinois basin estimate of 86 TCFG in-place has been widely cited but never verified nor revised. The NPC estimate was based on extremely limited canister off-gas data, used a highly simplified volumetric computation, and is not useful for targeting specific areas for gas exploration. In 1994 we collected, digitized, and normalized 187 representative gamma ray-bulk density logs through the New Albany across the entire basin. Formulas were derived from core analyses and methane adsorption isotherms to estimate total organic carbon (r[sup 2]=0.95) and gas content (r[sup 2]=0.79-0.91) from shale bulk density. Total gas in place was then calculated foot-by-foot through each well, assuming normal hydrostatic pressures and assuming the shale is gas saturated at reservoir conditions. The values thus determined are similar to peak gas contents determined by canister off-gassing of fresh cores but are substantially greater than average off-gas values. Greatest error in the methodology is at low reservoir pressures (or at shallow depths), however, the shale is generally thinner in these areas so the impact on the total resource estimate is small. The total New Albany gas in place was determined by integration to be 323 TCFG. Of this, 210 TCF (67%) is in the upper black Grassy Creek Shale, 72 TCF (23%) in the middle black and gray Selmier Shale, and 31 TCF (10%) in the basal black Blocher Shale. Water production concerns suggest that only the Grassy Creek Shale is likely to be commercially exploitable.

  16. Palaeohydrology, vegetation, and climate since the late Illinois Episode (~130 ka) in south-central Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Curry, B. Brandon; Baker, R.G.

    2000-01-01

    Our interpretation of pollen and ostracode successions from four basins in south-central Illinois provides a new synthesis of palaeovegetation, palaeohydrology, and palaeoclimate for the period from the late Illinois Episode (about 130,000 years ago) to near the end of the Wisconsin Episode (about 25,000 years ago). Correlations of pollen biozones between Raymond, Pittsburg, and Bald Knob basins are the basis for identifying the late Illinois glacial, Sangamon interglacial, Wisconsin glacial, and Hudson interglacial episodes. Glacial episodes were identified primarily by the presence of Picea pollen and the ostracode Limnocythere friabilis, whereas interglacial episodes were identified by Quercus pollen and by the ostracodes Candona caudata and Heterocypris punctata. Within interglacial and glacial episodes, pollen and ostracode assemblages varied with changes in moisture balance. Local palaeohydrology was assessed primarily on the basis of environmental tolerance indices of ostracodes and the stable isotope (C,O) stratigraphy of ostracodal calcite. Regional moisture balance was assessed from multivariate analyses of the pollen successions. Three climatic regimes occurred during the Sangamon Episode. (1) One regime was characterised by precipitation exceeding evaporation that promoted basin overflow. This climate was inferred from the high percentages (generally >80%) of deciduous-forest pollen. Peaks in the abundance of Liquidambar and Fagus pollen indicate that winters may have been slightly warmer, and effective moisture slightly greater, than at present. (2) The second climatic regime was continental, similar to the present climate of Illinois in which precipitation is equal to or just less than evaporation. This climate is inferred from abundant Ambrosia pollen (40 to 60%) and abundant nektic (swimming) ostracode valves which suggest a shallow lake. These conditions probably developed in association with a 'heat-low' over the interior of North America during

  17. Sources and fate of nitrate in the Illinois River Basin, Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Panno, S.V.; Kelly, W.R.; Hackley, Keith C.; Hwang, H.-H.; Martinsek, A.T.

    2008-01-01

    We conducted a two-year investigation into the sources and fate of nitrate (NO3-) in the Illinois River from the Chicago area to the river's confluence with the Mississippi River. Samples from waterways in the Chicago area (Des Plaines River and the Sanitary and Ship Canal) had relatively high concentrations of nitrogen (N) species and NO3- isotopic compositions indicative of treated wastewater (TWW). Downstream of the Brandon Road Lock and Dam, NO3- in tributaries discharging to the Illinois River primarily comes from tiles draining row crops. Nitrate isotopic signatures from these tributaries as well as drain tiles were indicative of synthetic fertilizer and/or soil organic matter (SOM) at various stages of denitrification. Nitrate-N concentrations generally decreased in the Illinois River with distance from the Chicago area primarily due to dilution. The decrease in NO3-N concentrations was especially conspicuous during the summer, when there is minimal discharge from drain tiles and NO3-N concentrations in the tributaries were low. In August 2005, when conditions were very dry, NO3-N concentrations decreased from 7.4 mg/L in the Chicago area to less than 1 mg/L near where the Illinois River discharges to the Mississippi River. The isotopic composition of NO3- in water samples from the Illinois River were a mixture of three end members: (1) fertilizer and/or SOM in drain tile water, typically showing the least amount of denitrification, (2) fertilizer and/or SOM in deeper ground water, showing the highest degree of denitrification, and (3) TWW. There was seasonal variability, depending on the volume of water flowing in the Illinois River. During high flow periods, river water samples plotted closest to those of tile drain samples; during low flow periods, a greater influence of TWW was observed in the isotopic composition. A subset of summer samples from the Chicago waterways had isotopic values plotting near and within the domain that characterizes manure and

  18. Ice Skating Instruction at the University of Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Char; And Others

    1981-01-01

    The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign conducts a instructional ice skating program for its students and the community. Activities include: a figure skating club; a speed skating club; ice hockey program; and ice skating classes. (CJ)

  19. Christian Citizenship Education and Free Exercise in Illinois Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michel, George J.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews the Illinois law that requires students to participate in patriotic activities and discusses court litigation brought to bear by Jehovah's Witnesses, who contend that obligating them to salute the American flag contradicts their right to religious freedom. (GC)

  20. Perminalized Alethopteris from the Upper Pennsylvanian of Ohio and Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Mickle, J.E.; Rothwell, G.W.

    1982-03-01

    Fern-like foliage referable to Alethopteris Steinberg has been discovered in coal balls of Late Pennsylvanian age from near Staubenville, Ohio, and Berryville, Illinois. Pinnule morphology is described from specimens preserved on coal-ball surfaces.

  1. 51. Tour stop 2, Illinois Monument and Shirley House from ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    51. Tour stop 2, Illinois Monument and Shirley House from hill at intersection of Union Avenue and loop to tour stop 3, looking nw. - Vicksburg National Military Park Roads & Bridges, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

  2. 7. Tour stop 2, Illinois Monument and Shirley House from ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Tour stop 2, Illinois Monument and Shirley House from hill at intersection of Union Avenue and loop to tour stop 3, looking NW. - Vicksburg National Military Park Roads & Bridges, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

  3. Teaching Pharmaceutical Biotechnology at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groves, Michael J.; Klegerman, Melvin E.

    1988-01-01

    The Department of Pharmaceutics at the University of Illinois at Chicago has been carrying out research in pharmaceutical biotechnology that has allowed unique student involvement and promises further interdisciplinary research and instructional activities. (MSE)

  4. Sidney W. Bijou: The Illinois Years, 1965–1975

    PubMed Central

    Morris, Edward K

    2008-01-01

    Sidney W. Bijou is among the founders of behavior analysis, but the record of his contributions is incomplete. It has not systematically described his contributions beyond his tenure at the University of Washington (1948–1965). The purpose of this paper is to describe his contributions over the course of the next decade—his years at the University of Illinois (1965–1975). I begin by reviewing his education and training, contributions at Washington, and why he left and moved to Illinois. Then, I describe his Illinois years: his appointments, colleagues, and service; the Child Behavior Laboratory; grant funding and publications; further service, awards, and recognition; and influence on his colleagues, students, classroom teachers and research supervisors, and visiting scholars. Bijou is modest about his contributions at Illinois, but he advanced the field in many ways over the course of the decade, especially the careers of his colleagues and students. PMID:22478510

  5. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Information Technology Operate Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document contains Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for occupations in the Information Technology Operate Cluster (help desk support, computer maintenance and technical support technician, systems operator, application and computer support specialist, systems administrator, network administrator, and database administrator). The skill…

  6. Indirect impacts in Illinois from a renewable portfolio standard

    SciTech Connect

    Ohler, Adrienne M.; Radusewicz, Kristi

    2010-08-15

    Indirect impacts associated with Illinois' RPS include a change in the laws concerning the planning and zoning for wind development, a market for renewable energy credits, and awareness of problems with the transmission grid. (author)

  7. 76 FR 57022 - Coastal Zone Management Program: Illinois

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-15

    ... National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration Coastal Zone Management Program: Illinois AGENCY: Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (OCRM), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA... Impact Statement (DEIS) prepared by NOAA's Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. The...

  8. 78 FR 32414 - Illinois; Major Disaster and Related Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ... affected by this major disaster: Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Fulton, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, LaSalle, McHenry, and Will Counties for Individual Assistance. All counties within the State of Illinois...

  9. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Illinois State Historical Library, Photographer ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Illinois State Historical Library, Photographer SECOND FLOOR HALL LOOKING SOUTH INTO STUDY - David Davis Mansion, Monroe & Davis Streets, Bloomington, McLean County, IL

  10. Status of Older Adult Physical Activity Programs in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heitmann, Helen M.

    1984-01-01

    Physical fitness and recreation programs can be a deterrent to premature aging. State-funded physical activity programs for older adults in Illinois offer minimal benefits due to volunteer and untrained personnel. Results of this study are presented. (DF)

  11. The Illinois HIV transmission statute: unconstitutionally vague or politically vogue?

    PubMed

    Kwiatt, K L

    1991-01-01

    This article does not challenge the prudence of enacting statutes criminalizing the transmission of the HIV virus. Instead, the author asks whether a particular statute, one already enacted in Illinois, is unconstitutionally vague because it does not give adequate warning to individuals that certain behavior is proscribed or because it is overbroad in that it prohibits constitutionally protected conduct. The author also offers a redrafted Illinois statute that she believes will pass constitutional muster.

  12. Current alternative energy research and development in Illinois

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Swager, R.

    1984-12-01

    This directory lists research and demonstration projects, as well as sponsoring organization and investigators involved in developing nonfossil, nonnuclear energy sources. Areas of concern are: bioenergy; solar heating and cooling; solar photovoltaics; solar thermal and advanced technologies; geothermal and ocean thermal; wind energy; waste heat and materials recovery; and energy storage projects performed by Illinois organizations, both within by out-of-state organizations at sites within Illinois.

  13. Some chemical characteristics of mine drainage in Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Toler, L.G.

    1982-01-01

    Surface mining for coal in Illinois has affected runoff from the mineral areas and altered water quality in the streams. Average annual sulphate leads in streams are 3000 to 4000 tons per square mile of mined land in the Big Muddy and Slaine River Basins in southern Illinois. Relatively high concentrations of dissolved aluminum, arsenic, chromium, copper, iron, manganese, and zinc are commonly associated with concentrations of sulphate greater than about 2000 milligrams per litre.

  14. Dating the Crucifixion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Humphreys, Colin J.; Waddington, W. G.

    1983-12-01

    The date of the Crucifixion has been debated for many years, but there has been no agreement on the year nor the day. Astronomical calculations have now been used to reconstruct the Jewish calendar in the first century AD and to date a lunar eclipse that biblical and other references suggest followed the Crucifixion. The evidence points to Friday 3 April AD 33 as the date when Jesus Christ died.

  15. Evaluating the Illinois Stream Valley Segment Model as an Effective Management Tool

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warrner, Stephen S.; Fischer, Robert U.; Holtrop, Ann M.; Hinz, Leon C.; Novak, James M.

    2010-11-01

    Stream habitat assessments are conducted to evaluate biological potential, determine anthropogenic impacts, and guide restoration projects. Utilizing these procedures, managers must first select a representative stream reach, which is typically selected based on several criteria. To develop a consistent and unbiased procedure for choosing sampling locations, the Illinois Department of Natural Resources and the Illinois Natural History Survey have proposed a technique by which watersheds are divided into homogeneous stream segments called valley segments. Valley segments are determined by GIS parameters including surficial geology, predicted flow, slope, and drainage area. To date, no research has been conducted to determine if the stream habitat within a valley segment is homogeneous and if different valley segments have varying habitat variables. Two abutting valley segments were randomly selected within 13 streams in the Embarras River watershed, located in east-central Illinois. One hundred meter reaches were randomly selected within each valley segment, and a transect method was used to quantify habitat characteristics of the stream channel. Habitat variables for each stream were combined through a principal components analysis (PCA) to measure environmental variation between abutting valley segments. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was performed on PCA axes 1-3. The majority of abutting valley segments were significantly different from each other indicating that habitat variability within each valley segment was less than variability between valley segments (5.37 ≤ F ≤ 245.13; P ≤ 0.002). This comparison supports the use of the valley segment model as an effective management tool for identifying representative sampling locations and extrapolating reach-specific information.

  16. Elements of concern in fillets of bighead and silver carp from the Illinois River, Illinois.

    PubMed

    Levengood, Jeffrey M; Soucek, David J; Sass, Gregory G; Dickinson, Amy; Epifanio, John M

    2014-06-01

    Efforts to control invasive bighead (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) and silver carp (H. molitrix) may include harvest for human consumption. We measured concentrations of arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), and selenium (Se) in fillets from silver and bighead carp collected from the lower Illinois River, Illinois, USA, to determine whether concentrations were of health concern and differed by species, size, and location. Concentrations of total As were below detection limits in most bighead (92%) and silver (77%) carp fillets, whereas inorganic As was below detection limits in all samples. Mean Hg concentrations were greater in bighead (0.068 mg kg(-1)) than in silver carp (0.035 mg kg(-1)), and were smallest in carp from the confluence of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. Mercury concentrations in fillets were positively correlated with body mass in both species. Concentrations of Hg were below the US Food and Drug Administration's (USFDA) action level (1 ppm as methyl-Hg); however, concentrations in some bighead (70%) and silver (12%) carp fell within the range that would invoke a recommendation to limit meals in sensitive cohorts. Mean Se concentrations were greater in silver (0.332 mg kg(-1)) than in bighead (0.281 mg kg(-1)) carp fillets, and were below the 1.5 mg kg(-1) limit for an unrestricted number of meals/month. The mean molar ratio of Se:Hg in fillets was lower in bighead (14.0) than in silver (29.1) carp and was negatively correlated with mass in both species Concentrations of Hg in bighead and silver carp fillets should be considered when assessing the risks associated with the use of these species as a protein source. PMID:24300421

  17. Chemical Principles Revisited: Archaeological Dating.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, M. W.

    1986-01-01

    Discusses methods used to date archaeological artifacts and other remains. They include: (1) nuclear dating techniques (radiocarbon dating, accelerator radiocarbon dating, thermoluminescence, and others); (2) chemical dating techniques (amino acid racemization, obsidian hydration dating, elemental content changes, and thermal analysis dating); and…

  18. Choosing a Calving Date

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Calving date affects cost and timing of production events. Due to the polyestrous nature of beef females, producers can choose a calving date that fits their production system and geographic region. Any time an entire production system is considered, decision making becomes complex. Any calving syst...

  19. Pests of stored dates

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Dates are a major food crop across a large band of Africa and Eurasia, and to a lesser extent elsewhere. In most of its growing range, dates are threatened with infestation in the field by a complex of pests including nitidulid beetles and pyralid moths of the Subfamily Phycitinae. They are further ...

  20. Radiometric Dating in Geology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pankhurst, R. J.

    1980-01-01

    Described are several aspects and methods of quantitatively measuring geologic time using a constant-rate natural process of radioactive decay. Topics include half lives and decay constants, radiogenic growth, potassium-argon dating, rubidium-strontium dating, and the role of geochronology in support of geological exploration. (DS)

  1. Date Palm Germplasm

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This book chapter reviews date palm genetic resources and their conservation. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is an important food crop in the Middle East and North Africa. Its center of origin and diversity most probably is the area near Iraq/Iran. From there, it spread throughout its present range...

  2. Energy Impact Illinois - Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect

    Olson, Daniel; Plagman, Emily; Silberhorn, Joey-Lin

    2014-02-18

    Energy Impact Illinois (EI2) is an alliance of government organizations, nonprofits, and regional utility companies led by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP) that is dedicated to helping communities in the Chicago metropolitan area become more energy efficient. Originally organized as the Chicago Region Retrofit Ramp-Up (CR3), EI2 became part of the nationwide Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) in May 2010 after receiving a $25 million award from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) authorized through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The program’s primary goal was to fund initiatives that mitigate barriers to energy efficiency retrofitting activities across residential, multifamily, and commercial building sectors in the seven-county CMAP region and to help to build a sustainable energy efficiency marketplace. The EI2 Final Technical Report provides a detailed review of the strategies, implementation methods, challenges, lessons learned, and final results of the EI2 program during the initial grant period from 2010-2013. During the program period, EI2 successfully increased direct retrofit activity in the region and was able to make a broader impact on the energy efficiency market in the Chicago region. As the period of performance for the initial grant comes to an end, EI2’s legacy raises the bar for the region in terms of helping homeowners and building owners to take action on the continually complex issue of energy efficiency.

  3. Status of Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae) in Illinois.

    PubMed

    Bouseman, J K; Kitron, U; Kirkpatrick, C E; Siegel, J; Todd, K S

    1990-07-01

    Ixodes dammini Spielman, Clifford, Piesman & Corwin was found for the first time in Illinois in November 1987, when two adult females were collected from two deer in Jo Daviess County in the northwestern corner of the state. In 1988, in a study of six state parks in northern Illinois, questing adults and nymphs were encountered in one park in Ogle County. During the firearm deer hunt in November 1988, adult female and male ticks were found in several counties, with a high rate of infestation (greater than 25%) in two counties (Ogle and Rock Island) along the Rock River, which flows from Wisconsin into the Mississippi River. Several cases in humans with no history of travel outside of the state have been reported, primarily from northern Illinois. We suspect that infiltration of infected ticks and wildlife from Wisconsin is resulting in the emergence of Lyme disease in Illinois. Because all the components necessary for the completion of the tick life cycle and for the transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi are available throughout much of the state, I. dammini and Lyme disease can spread and become established in large portions of Illinois. PMID:2388231

  4. Testing of Illinois coal in a circulating fluidized bed

    SciTech Connect

    Flynn, T.J.; Hooper, M.P.; Ilan, R. . Research Center)

    1990-01-01

    Illinois No. 6 mine-run coal, washed coal, and coal-cleaning waste by-products from a Murdock, Illinois, mine were tested in a 30-foot-tall, small-scale (1 million-Btu/hr), circulating, fluidized-bed combustor (CFBC) located at the Babcock Wilcox Alliance (B W) (Ohio) Research Center. The goal of the project was to promote the use of Illinois coal by demonstrating that the three fuels could be combusted efficiently and in an environmentally acceptable manner. The ability to burn mine-run coal could justify eliminating the coal-cleaning step for new CFBC units. A positive demonstration with the cleaning-waste by-products would reduce the cost for fuel for all users of Illinois washed coal by reducing waste disposal costs. In addition, the existing stockpiles of coal wastes could be removed. The project was co-funded by the Illinois Center for Research on Sulfur in Coal, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), and B W. The combustion efficiencies of all three fuels were similar to efficiencies obtained with other bituminous coals tested on the unit. All three fuels could be combusted with acceptable CO, SO{sub 2}, and NO{sub x} emissions. The agglomeration that occurred with the mine-run coal was alleviated by increasing the bed drain rate and utilizing periodic bed dumps to remove small agglomerates. 7 figs., 7 tabs.

  5. Status of Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae) in Illinois.

    PubMed

    Bouseman, J K; Kitron, U; Kirkpatrick, C E; Siegel, J; Todd, K S

    1990-07-01

    Ixodes dammini Spielman, Clifford, Piesman & Corwin was found for the first time in Illinois in November 1987, when two adult females were collected from two deer in Jo Daviess County in the northwestern corner of the state. In 1988, in a study of six state parks in northern Illinois, questing adults and nymphs were encountered in one park in Ogle County. During the firearm deer hunt in November 1988, adult female and male ticks were found in several counties, with a high rate of infestation (greater than 25%) in two counties (Ogle and Rock Island) along the Rock River, which flows from Wisconsin into the Mississippi River. Several cases in humans with no history of travel outside of the state have been reported, primarily from northern Illinois. We suspect that infiltration of infected ticks and wildlife from Wisconsin is resulting in the emergence of Lyme disease in Illinois. Because all the components necessary for the completion of the tick life cycle and for the transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi are available throughout much of the state, I. dammini and Lyme disease can spread and become established in large portions of Illinois.

  6. Dating the Vinland Map

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    Scientists from Brookhaven National Laboratory, the University of Arizona, and the Smithsonian Institution used carbon-dating technology to determine the age of a controversial parchment that might be the first-ever map of North America.

  7. The Ohio River Basin Energy Facility siting model. Volume 2: Sites and on-line dates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fowler, G. L.; Bailey, R. E.; Jansen, S. D.; Randolph, J. C.; Jones, W. W.; Gordon, S. I.

    1981-09-01

    The siting model developed for the Ohio River Basin Energy Study, and specifically designed for regional policy analysis is included. The region includes 423 counties in an area that consists of all of Kentucky and substantial portions of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Detailed schedules of county-level sites and on-line dates for coal-fired and nuclear-fueled generating unit additions for each ORBES scenario are included.

  8. 77 FR 22497 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Small Container...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... Container Exemption From VOC Coating Rules AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ] ACTION: Direct...) submitted by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (Illinois EPA) on November 14, 2011. This...

  9. Anti-Pollution Backlash in Illinois: Can A Tough Protection Program Survive?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobsen, Sally

    1974-01-01

    Discusses the characteristics of the 1970 Illinois environmental program and the backlash activities taken by the Illinois General Assembly during the spring 1973 session. Indicates that the momentum of pollution fight is weakened by declining public support. (CC)

  10. Gastro-intestinal helminths in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) of Illinois.

    PubMed

    Cook, T W; Ridgeway, B T; Andrews, R; Hodge, J

    1979-07-01

    Two deer populations, one in northern Illinois the other in southern Illinois, were examined by necropsy (n = 44 and 40 respectively) for helminth parasites of the gastro-intestinal tract and abdominal cavity. Both herds were parasitized by Apteragia odocoilei, Haemonchus contortus, Gongylonema pulchrum, Setaria yehi, Trichuris ovis, and Moniezia benedeni. Nematodirus sp. was found only in deer of northern Illinois. Ostertagia mossi, Capillaria sp., Cooperia sp., and Oesophagostomum sp. were found only in deer of southern Illinois.

  11. Hydrology of area 25, Eastern Region, Interior Coal Province, Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Zuehls, E.E.; Ryan, G.L.; Peart, D.B.; Fitzgerald, K.K.

    1981-01-01

    The eastern region of the Interior Coal Province has been divided into 11 hydrologic study areas. Area 25, located in west-central Illinois, includes the Spoon River and small tributaries to the Illinois River. Pennsylvanian age rocks underlie most of the study area. Illinois, with the largest reserves of bituminous coal, is second only to Montana in total coal reserves. Loess soils cover most of the study area. Agriculture is the dominant land use. Surface water provides 97% of all the water used. Precipitation averages 34 to 35 inches. Water-quality data has been collected at over 31 sites. Analysis for specific conductance, pH, alkalinity, iron, manganese, sulfate and many trace elements and other water-quality constituents have been completed. These data are available from computer storage through the National Water Data Storage and Retrieval System (WATSTORE). (USGS)

  12. Demand for energy in the Illinois coal market

    SciTech Connect

    Ellis, M.F.

    1989-05-01

    This report analyzes the 33 electric utilities with generating stations greater than 50 megawatts in capacity that purchased Illinois coal in 1986. Only electric utilities are analyzed since they consume nearly 90% of Illinois' annual coal production, or about 57 million tons. The remainder of sales are primarily to the industrial sector. The report contains information on each of the 13 states where these utilities are located and provides Illinois coal sales data since 1981. It lists the competing fuels that are used in these states. Data on nuclear fuel purchases and consumption are not available, but the study does include information on nuclear capability, both present and future. Utility data covering a general description of the company, generating statistics, and coal data are also included.

  13. Gasifier feed - Tailor-made from Illinois coals

    SciTech Connect

    Ehrlinger, H.P. III ); Lytle, J.; Frost, R.R.; Lizzio, A.; Kohlenberger, L.; Brewer, K. DESTEC Energy Williams Technology Illinois Coal Association )

    1992-01-01

    The main purpose of this project is to produce a feedstock from preparation plant fines from an Illinois coal that is ideal for a slurry fed, slagging, entrained-flow coal gasifier. The high sulfur content and high Btu value of Illinois coals are particularly advantageous in such a gasifier; preliminary calculations indicate that the increased cost of removing sulfur from the gas from a high sulfur coal is more than offset by the increased revenue from the sale of the elemental sulfur; additionally the high Btu Illinois coal concentrates more energy into the slurry of a given coal to water ratio. This project will bring the expertise of four organizations together to perform the various tasks. The Illinois Coal Association will help direct the project to be the most beneficial to the Illinois coal industry. DESTEC Energy, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dow Chemical Company, will provide guidelines and test compatibility of the slurries developed for gasification feedstock. Williams Technology will provide their expertise in long distance slurry pumping, and test selected products for viscosity, pumpability, and handlability. The Illinois State Geological Survey will study methods for producing clean coal/water slurries from preparation plant wastes including the concentration of pyritic sulfur into the coal slurry to increase the revenue from elemental sulfur produced during gasification operations, and decrease the pyritic sulfur content of the waste streams. ISGS will also test the gasification reactivity of the coals. As reported earlier, a variety of possible samples of coal have been analyzed and the gasification performance evaluation reported. Additionally, commercial sized samples of -28 mesh {times} 100 mesh coal -100 {times} 0 coal were subjected to pumpability testing. Neither the coarse product nor the fine product by themselves proved to be good candidates for trouble free pumping, but the mix of the two proved to be a very acceptable product

  14. 30 CFR 913.25 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments. 913.25 Section 913.25 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND... STATE ILLINOIS § 913.25 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments....

  15. 30 CFR 913.25 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments. 913.25 Section 913.25 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND... STATE ILLINOIS § 913.25 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments....

  16. 30 CFR 913.20 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land... § 913.20 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan, as submitted on July 20, 1980, effective June 1, 1982. Copies of...

  17. 30 CFR 913.25 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments. 913.25 Section 913.25 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND... STATE ILLINOIS § 913.25 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments....

  18. 30 CFR 913.20 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land... § 913.20 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan, as submitted on July 20, 1980, effective June 1, 1982. Copies of...

  19. 30 CFR 913.20 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land... § 913.20 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan, as submitted on July 20, 1980, effective June 1, 1982. Copies of...

  20. 30 CFR 913.20 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land... § 913.20 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan, as submitted on July 20, 1980, effective June 1, 1982. Copies of...

  1. 30 CFR 913.25 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments. 913.25 Section 913.25 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND... STATE ILLINOIS § 913.25 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments....

  2. Integrating Academic Content into Business Education: Results from Research in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haynes, Thomas S.; And Others

    Illinois State University and University of Illinois faculty collaborated to pilot test and evaluate Applied Academics curricula in Illinois. Three sets of pilot sites included the following: (1) 14 local education agencies that pilot tested Applied Communications and/or Mathematics; (2) 10 sites at which vocational teachers collaborated with…

  3. 75 FR 24937 - Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing...: Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC. e. Name of Project: Brandon Road Hydroelectric Project. f. Location: U.S... Zdunich, Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC, 801 Oakland Avenue, Joliet, IL 60435, (312) 320-1610. i....

  4. 75 FR 18193 - Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing...: Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC. e. Name of Project: Dresden Island Project. f. Location: U.S. Army Corps... Zdunich, Northern Illinois Hydropower, LLC, 801 Oakland Avenue, Joliet, IL 60435, (312) 320-1610. i....

  5. An assessment of the economic impact of the wind turbine supply chain in Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Carlson, J. Lon; Loomis, David G.; Payne, James

    2010-08-15

    The enormous growth of wind energy in Illinois and around the country has led to a shortage of wind turbines. Turbine manufacturers have sold out their capacity into 2010. To the extent that Illinois manufacturing can integrate itself into the wind turbine supply chain, Illinois can enjoy the economic benefits from both having wind farms and supplying the parts to build them. (author)

  6. 40 CFR 81.264 - West Central Illinois Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false West Central Illinois Intrastate Air... Air Quality Control Regions § 81.264 West Central Illinois Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The West Central Illinois Intrastate Air Quality Control Region consists of the territorial...

  7. Historical perspective on Illinois coal resources and production, 1960-1984

    SciTech Connect

    Ellis, M.F.

    1985-08-01

    The study analyzes Illinois coal resources and production from the historical perspective of the period 1960 through 1984. The study examines demonstrated Illinois coal resources, major coal seams, major coal producers in the State, mine employment and production, coal production at the county level, coal prices and revenues, and coal mine operations compared to Illinois State Product.

  8. 76 FR 37300 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Royal Fiberglass Pools...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    ...EPA is proposing to approve into the Illinois State Implementation Plan (SIP) an adjusted standard for Royal Fiberglass Pools (``Royal'') at its Dix, Illinois facility. On November 8, 2010, the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) submitted to EPA for approval an adjustment to the general rule, Use of Organic Material Rule, commonly known as the eight pound per hour (8 lb/hr) rule,......

  9. First conference on ground control problems in the Illinois Coal Basin: proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Chugh, Y. P.; Van Besien, A.

    1980-06-01

    The first conference on ground control problems in the Illinois Coal Basin was held at the Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Illinois, August 22-24, 1979. Twenty-one papers from the proceedings have been entered individually into EDB; one had been entered previously from other sources. (LTN)

  10. Danger! Automation at Work; Report of the State of Illinois Commission on Automation and Technological Progress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, William

    The 74th Illinois General Assembly created the Illinois Commission on Automation and Technological Progress to study and analyze the economic and social effects of automation and other technological changes on industry, commerce, agriculture, education, manpower, and society in Illinois. Commission members visited industrial plants and business…

  11. An Annotated Listing of Free and Inexpensive Materials for Teaching about Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield. Div. of Program Planning and Development.

    Over 70 historic sites, outreach programs, teaching aids, publications, and media presentations appropriate for elementary and secondary school instruction in Illinois history, government, and natural resources are listed. Items are categorized by the Illinois state department or museum which makes the information available: Illinois Department of…

  12. A Study of Placement Stability in Illinois. Chapin Hall Working Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zinn, Andrew; DeCoursey, Jan; Goerge, Robert M.; Courtney, Mark E.

    2006-01-01

    This report details the findings from the first stage of a study of placement instability in substitute care in Illinois. Funded by the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services (IDCFS), the goals of the study were to develop an accurate picture of the nature and prevalence of placement instability in Illinois and a better…

  13. 30 CFR 913.20 - Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... § 913.20 Approval of Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Illinois abandoned mine land reclamation plan, as submitted on July 20, 1980, effective June 1, 1982. Copies of the..., Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation Division, One Natural Resources Way, Springfield, Illinois 62701-1787....

  14. 77 FR 23504 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Illinois State Museum, Springfield, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-19

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Illinois State Museum, Springfield, IL AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Illinois State Museum has completed an... contact the Illinois State Museum. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated below...

  15. 78 FR 2436 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Illinois State Museum, Springfield, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-11

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Illinois State Museum, Springfield, IL AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Illinois State Museum has completed an... contact the Illinois State Museum. Repatriation of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated below...

  16. Illinois water-quality report, 1988-1989. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-04-01

    The State of Illinois report, prepared by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, addresses the water quality assessment efforts for 1988 and 1989 (the seventh in a series of biennial reports). The report follows USEPA guidance for reporting water quality conditions in terms of degree of use support or attainment. In addition to stream and lake water quality conditions, discussions of the State's wetland resources and groundwater protection programs are provided. Also included are the lake classification and lake information required by Section 314 and nonpoint source assessments required by Section 319.

  17. Geothermal Retrofit of Illinois National Guard's State headquarters Building

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Mark

    2015-04-27

    The goal of this project was to assess the feasibility of utilizing mine water as a heat sink for a geothermal heat pump system to heat and cool the 74,000 sq. ft. Illinois National Guard State Headquarters’ building in Springfield Illinois. If successful, this type of system would be less expensive to install than a traditional closed loop geothermal (ground source) heat pump system by significantly reducing the size of the well field, thus shortening or eliminate the payback period compared to a conventional system. In the end, a conventional ground loop was used for the project.

  18. Water Quality in the Upper Illinois River Basin Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin, 1999-2001

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Groschen, George E.; Arnold, Terri L.; Harris, Mitchell A.; Dupre, David H.; Fitzpatrick, Faith A.; Scudder, Barbara C.; Morrow, William S.; Terrio, Paul J.; Warner, Kelly L.; Murphy, Elizabeth A.

    2004-01-01

    This report contains the major findings of a 1999?2001 assessment of water quality in the upper Illinois River Basin. It is one of a series of reports by the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program that present major findings in 51 major river basins and aquifer systems across the Nation. In these reports, water quality is discussed in terms of local, State, and regional issues. Conditions in a particular basin or aquifer system are compared to conditions found elsewhere and to selected national benchmarks, such as those for drinking-water quality and the protection of aquatic organisms. This report is intended for individuals working with water-resource issues in Federal, State, or local agencies, universities, public-interest groups, or in the private sector. The information will be useful in addressing a number of current issues, such as the effects of agricultural and urban land use on water quality, human health, drinking water, source-water protection, hypoxia and excessive growth of algae and plants, pesticide registration, and monitoring and sampling strategies. This report also is for individuals who wish to know more about the quality of streams and ground water in areas near where they live, and how that water quality compares to the quality of water in other areas across the Nation. The water-quality conditions in the upper Illinois River Basin summarized in this report are discussed in detail in other reports that can be accessed from (http://il.water.usgs.gov/nawqa/uirb). Detailed technical information, data and analyses, collection and analytical methodology, models, graphs, and maps that support the findings presented in this report in addition to reports in this series from other basins can be accessed from the national NAWQA Web site at (http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa).

  19. Radiocarbon Dating the Anthropocene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaput, M. A.; Gajewski, K. J.

    2015-12-01

    The Anthropocene has no agreed start date since current suggestions for its beginning range from Pre-Industrial times to the Industrial Revolution, and from the mid-twentieth century to the future. To set the boundary of the Anthropocene in geological time, we must first understand when, how and to what extent humans began altering the Earth system. One aspect of this involves reconstructing the effects of prehistoric human activity on the physical landscape. However, for global reconstructions of land use and land cover change to be more accurately interpreted in the context of human interaction with the landscape, large-scale spatio-temporal demographic changes in prehistoric populations must be known. Estimates of the relative number of prehistoric humans in different regions of the world and at different moments in time are needed. To this end, we analyze a dataset of radiocarbon dates from the Canadian Archaeological Radiocarbon Database (CARD), the Palaeolithic Database of Europe and the AustArch Database of Australia, as well as published dates from South America. This is the first time such a large quantity of dates (approximately 60,000) has been mapped and studied at a global scale. Initial results from the analysis of temporal frequency distributions of calibrated radiocarbon dates, assumed to be proportional to population density, will be discussed. The utility of radiocarbon dates in studies of the Anthropocene will be evaluated and potential links between population density and changes in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, climate, migration patterning and fire frequency coincidence will be considered.

  20. Pyrolysis-combustion 14C dating of soil organic matter

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wang, Hongfang; Hackley, Keith C.; Panno, S.V.; Coleman, D.D.; Liu, J.C.-L.; Brown, J.

    2003-01-01

    Radiocarbon (14C) dating of total soil organic matter (SOM) often yields results inconsistent with the stratigraphic sequence. The onerous chemical extractions for SOM fractions do not always produce satisfactory 14C dates. In an effort to develop an alternative method, the pyrolysis-combustion technique was investigated to partition SOM into pyrolysis volatile (Py-V) and pyrolysis residue (Py-R) fractions. The Py-V fractions obtained from a thick glacigenic loess succession in Illinois yielded 14C dates much younger but more reasonable than the counterpart Py-R fractions for the soil residence time. Carbon isotopic composition (??13C) was heavier in the Py-V fractions, suggesting a greater abundance of carbohydrate- and protein-related constituents, and ??13C was lighter in the Py-R fractions, suggesting more lignin- and lipid-related constituents. The combination of 14C dates and ??13C values indicates that the Py-V fractions are less biodegradation resistant and the Py-R fractions are more biodegradation resistant. The pyrolysis-combustion method provides a less cumbersome approach for 14C dating of SOM fractions. With further study, this method may become a useful tool for analyzing unlithified terrestrial sediments when macrofossils are absent. ?? 2003 University of Washington. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Fecal-indicator bacteria concentrations in the Illinois River between Hennepin and Peoria, Illinois: 2007-08

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dupre, David H.; Hortness, Jon E.; Terrio, Paul J.; Sharpe, Jennifer B.

    2012-01-01

    The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency has designated portions of the Illinois River in Peoria, Woodford, and Tazewell Counties, Illinois, as impaired owing to the presence of fecal coliform bacteria. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Tri-County Regional Planning Commission, examined the water quality in the Illinois River and major tributaries within a 47-mile reach between Peoria and Hennepin, Ill., during water year 2008 (October 2007–September 2008). Investigations included synoptic (snapshot) sampling at multiple locations in a 1-day period: once in October 2007 during lower streamflow conditions, and again in June 2008 during higher streamflow conditions. Five locations in the study area were monitored for the entire year at monthly or more frequent intervals. Two indicator bacteria were analyzed in each water sample: fecal coliform and Escherichia coli (E. coli). Streamflow information from previously established monitoring locations in the study area was used in the analysis. Correlation analyses were used to characterize the relation between the two fecal-indicator bacteria and the relation of either indicator to streamflow. Concentrations of the two measured fecal-indicator bacteria correlated well for all samples analyzed (r = 0.94, p E. coli: rho = -0.43, p = 0.0157). The correlation between fecal indicators and streamflow in tributaries or in the Illinois River at Hennepin was found to be statistically significant, yet moderate in strength with coefficient values ranging from r = 0.4 to 0.6. Indirect observations from the June 2008 higher flow synoptic event may indicate continued effects from combined storm and sanitary sewers in the vicinity of the Illinois River near Peoria, Ill., contributing to observed single-sample exceedance of the State criterion for fecal coliform.

  2. The Realities of Date Rape.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Presley, Cara; Watson, Jennifer; Williams, Audrey R.

    This poster presentation addresses the issue of date rape, specifically in the college environment. Highlighted are date rape statistics, demographics, and date rape drugs. Also discussed are date rape warnings and prevention strategies. It is concluded that college and university administrators must place the issue of date rape and acquaintance…

  3. Sediment quality and quantity issues related to the restoration of backwater lakes along the Illinois River waterway

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Machesky, M.L.; Slowikowski, J.A.; Cahill, R.A.; Bogner, W.C.; Marlin, J.C.; Holm, T.R.; Darmody, R.G.

    2005-01-01

    Sedimentation has severely impacted backwater lakes along the Illinois River. The State of Illinois and the US Army Corps of Engineers are currently involved in a joint effort to address ecosystem degradation within the Illinois River Basin, and excessive sedimentation of backwater lakes and side channels is a primary cause of that degradation. Necessary parts of the overall restoration effort are to adequately characterize both the quality and quantity of backwater lake sediments prior to implementing any restoration efforts, and to identify potential beneficial reuses of dredged sediments. This paper summarizes some of our efforts in these areas with an emphasis on Peoria Lake which has received the most attention to date. Sediment characterization has included detailed bathymetric surveys, sediment dating with 137Cs, chemical and mineralogical characterization of sediments to three meters depth, analysis of recent sediments (to 30 cm depth) for acid-volatile sulfide and simultaneously extracted metals, and analysis of ammonia and toxic metals in sediment pore waters. Dredged sediments have also been used in various trial projects to demonstrate potential handling and beneficial reuse strategies. Some significant findings of these studies are: 1) Long-term sedimentation rates are high, and average 1-3 cm y-1; 2) total concentrations of several trace metals (e.g., Pb, Cd, Ni) and PAH compounds sometimes exceed consensus-based probable effect levels for sensitive sediment-dwelling organisms; 3) pore water dissolved ammonia concentrations in Peoria Lake are potentially toxic to sensitive sediment-dwelling species; and 4) weathered sediments can make productive agricultural soils. Copyright ?? 2005 AEHMS.

  4. The Dating Game.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zerger, Monte J.

    1998-01-01

    Presents activities to cultivate the tendency to see special qualities in numbers that can be played on certain calendar days. Includes games on the constant of the day, Fibonacci and golden ratio dates, primes, powers, December 25, and the day of the year. (ASK)

  5. Silurian pinnacle reef distribution in Illinois: model for hydrocarbon exploration

    SciTech Connect

    Whitaker, S.T.

    1987-09-01

    Approximately 92 million bbl of oil have been produced in Illinois from buried Silurian pinnacle reefs and from younger strata draped over these reefs. Better understanding of Silurian reef distribution and the use of appropriate exploration methods should lead to the discovery of new reef-associated hydrocarbon reserves. Evidence presented in this study suggest that Silurian pinnacle reef development was not limited to hinge-line trend around a subsiding basin center. Instead, isolated reefs grew through most of Illinois along a broad ramp dipping gently southeastward under a relatively shallow sea that opened to the south during the Silurian. Uplift of the Wabash platform in Indiana enabled concurrent pinnacle reef development along its flanks and formed the Fort Wayne and Terre Haute banks. These reef banks merged with and extended the scattered trends in Illinois. Erosion of Silurian strata prior to the Middle Devonian, particularly along the emerging Sangamon arch, removed or reduced the pinnacle reef structures across much of the central Illinois. These reef remnants are not easily detected by exploration methods commonly used in the basin, yet they can be oil-productive. Applications of geophysical and detailed lithologic surveys can greatly enhance the ability to locate these reefs.

  6. Could a Cash Balance Plan Benefit Illinois Public School Teachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Richard W.; Southgate, Benjamin G.

    2015-01-01

    The Teachers' Retirement System of the State of Illinois is one of the worst-funded public pensions in the nation. In 2013, it held enough assets to cover only 41 percent of its future obligations (Buck Consultants, 2014). This shortfall has led to several reforms, mostly involving benefit cuts that have undermined retirement income security for…

  7. Perspectives on Rural Health Workforce Issues: Illinois-Arkansas Comparison

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDowell, Martin; Glasser, Michael; Fitts, Michael; Fratzke, Mel; Peters, Karen

    2009-01-01

    Context: Past research has documented rural physician and health care professional shortages. Purpose: Rural hospital chief executive officers' (CEOs') reported shortages of health professionals and perceptions about recruiting and retention are compared in Illinois and Arkansas. Methods: A survey, previously developed and sent to 28 CEOs in…

  8. 78 FR 42994 - Illinois Disaster Number IL-00041

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Illinois Disaster Number IL-00041 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 4... loan applications to: U.S. Small Business Administration, Processing and Disbursement Center,...

  9. Illinois Plan for Industrial Technology Education: FY 91 Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Univ., Normal.

    A project to implement the Illinois Plan for Industrial Technology Education produced four major accomplishments: (1) 13 workshops were held on Communication Technology and Energy Utilization Technology; (2) workshop activity packets were produced in both subject areas; (3) a "Futuring Committee" was established that outlined a 10-year plan for…

  10. Preparation for Employment: Programs at Illinois Public Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    This report highlights the involvement of Illinois public community colleges in preparing individuals for employment, including instruction and services offered to students and businesses. After providing an overview of the state's community college system, the report describes the following components and aspects of employment preparation: (1)…

  11. Early Childhood Education in Illinois: Focus on Kindergarten (Revised Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    This publication contains current concepts, goals, and ideas relative to kindergarten education which district personnel in Illinois may wish to incorporate or reinforce in local kindergarten programs. Topics covered include (1) an introduction to the history, goals and orientation of kindergarten and the relation between kindergarten and child…

  12. Illinois Association for Counseling and Development (IACD) Quarterly, 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illovsky, Michael E., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This document consists of the four issues of the "IACD Quarterly" published in 1990. Articles in this volume include: (1) "A Comprehensive Program for Reducing School Anxieties in College Students" (David Ross); (2) "Issues in Child Custody Determination in Illinois" (Amy Jo Buwick); (3) "Finding Meaning in the Here and Now Through Gestalt Therapy…

  13. Dismissal of Tenured Teachers in Illinois from 1990 to 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Jason D.

    2010-01-01

    In Illinois, school boards that initiate dismissal proceedings against a tenured teacher without a clear understanding of teacher dismissal case law risk the possibility that an underperforming teacher could be reinstated to a teaching position. The purpose of this study was to examine the history, frequency, and legal basis of tenured teacher…

  14. The Roads They Made: Women in Illinois History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, Adade Mitchell; Wortman, Marlene Stein

    This book discusses women's roles in Illinois history from the Indian period and the frontier through the Civil War, the Progressive Era, world wars and depressions to the 1970's. It relates these roles to the larger process of historical development. The authors wrote the book for all those seeking to enlarge their understanding of Illinois…

  15. THE ADVANTAGE OF ILLINOIS COAL FOR FGD REMOVAL OF MERCURY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper gives results of an investigation conducted to characterize and modify mercury (Hg) speciation in Illinois coal combustion flue gas so that a Hg control strategy can be implemented in conventional flue gas desulfurization (FGD) units. Hg, in trace concentration in coal,...

  16. Tech Prep in Illinois: Postsecondary Perspectives on Development and Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roegge, Chris A.; Brown, Dan

    1992-01-01

    A concept mapping process conducted with Illinois tech prep practitioners generated cluster themes in four areas: goals, process, clientele, and partnerships/teamwork. The most important clusters of statements included outcomes, business-industry linkages, and articulation. The resulting concept framework will facilitate tech prep program planning…

  17. Illinois Community Colleges Priorities, Quality, and Productivity: Executive Summaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    In response to recommendations in the Illinois Board of Higher Education's November 1994 Priorities, Quality, and Productivity report, the 52 community colleges in the state began preparing annual reports of outcomes related to specific college objectives for the year. This report provides executive summaries of the colleges' reports for fiscal…

  18. Illinois Public Universities Priorities, Quality, and Productivity Executive Summaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This paper contains executive summaries of the productivity-quality efforts and priorities from 12 Illinois public universities. Reports summarize the schools' goals (e.g., improved minority student achievement; greater use of technology) and initiatives in pursuit of those goals (e.g., incorporation of diversity issues into new curricula;…

  19. Rhetoric and Communication; Studies in the University of Illinois Tradition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankenship, Jane, Ed.; Stelzner, Hermann G., Ed.

    This collection of sixteen essays has been prepared as a tribute to three professors who led the study of rhetoric and public address at the University of Illinois during a twenty-year period. Part one focuses on communication and rhetorical study from a humanistic perspective, in essays such as "The Fourth 'Stasis' in Greek Rhetoric";…

  20. Administrative Rules of the Illinois Community College Board.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    This document outlines the administrative rules of the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB), delineating: (1) ICCB Administration, including definitions, regulations of advisory groups and opinions, manuals, the role of the executive director, appearance at ICCB meetings, appeal procedure, administration of detachments and subsequent…

  1. Interpretation of the 1961 Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bateman, Barbara D.

    The Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities (ITPA) is treated in terms of the ability measured, hints for administration and scoring, and questions often asked for each of the nine subtests. Typical profiles are described and analyzed for mentally retarded, kindergarteners, slow learners, culturally disadvantaged, Negroes, good and poor…

  2. Illinois Early Childhood Training/Technical Assistance Matrix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Dept. of Human Services, East St. Louis. Head Start State Collaboration Office.

    This matrix provides information on early childhood training and technical assistance services in Illinois. Parts of the document are presented in grid form so that information can be compared across programs. First, information is provided on the following training and technical assistance providers: Child Care Resource & Referral (CCR&R/Illinois…

  3. Collaborative Management of Technological Resources at Northern Illinois University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Misic, Mark

    1995-01-01

    Describes the management of computer resources at Northern Illinois University's College of Business through collaboration with university organizations, including the computer network department, academic computing, office machine repair department, and media services department, as well as organizations and individuals outside the university.…

  4. Initial Results of Illinois' Shifting Gears Pilot Demonstration Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bragg, Debra D.; Harmon, Timothy; Kirby, Catherine L.; Kim, Sujung

    2009-01-01

    This report provides initial results of Illinois' Shifting Gears Initiative that operated between July 1, 2007 and June 30, 2009. This mixed method (qualitative and quantitative) evaluation sought to accomplish three goals: (1) to assess program and student outcomes for two models (adult education and developmental education) for two target groups…

  5. Illinois Adult Education Bridges: Promising Practices. Transition Highlights. Issue 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bragg, Debra; Oertle, Kathleen Marie; Kim, Sujung; Kirby, Catherine; Taylor, Jason; Harmon, Tim; Liss, Loralea

    2011-01-01

    To enhance state-level adult education and employment policy, in 2007 the Joyce Foundation began the Shifting Gears (SG) initiative to assist six states (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin) to integrate adult education, workforce development and postsecondary education policies and improve job opportunities for low-skilled…

  6. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: HVAC/R Technician Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in jobs in the heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC/R) industry. Agency partners involved in this project include: the…

  7. Newspaper Mug Shots, Readers Attitudes, and an Illinois Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John W.

    A study examining voter responses to mug shots in newspapers found that they have a significant effect on a candidate's success in an election. The study was conducted after an Alton, Illinois, newspaper featured a full-page article on five candidates running for mayor, all but one of whom appeared dressed in a suit in a professional "mug shot."…

  8. Florida and Illinois: Civics Initiatives, No Law Required

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millard, Maria; Delander, Brady

    2014-01-01

    Since the 1970s, public engagement has declined, generating great concern for some about the future of our nation's democracy. Some consider this decline a national crisis. Two states, Illinois and Florida, have made significant efforts--without legislation--to create a network of academic institutions committed to providing students with…

  9. Equity Goals in Illinois School Finance: 1973-1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickrod, G. Alan; And Others

    This paper uses the year 1972-73 as a base line in evaluating the progress of Illinois toward certain "equity goals." In determining the equity goals, two dimensions are studied--disparity and wealth neutrality. One measure of disparity is the permissible variance in school district expenditures expressed in the coefficient of variation, another…

  10. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Machinery Service Technician.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These Illinois skill standards for agriculture machinery service technician are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among…

  11. Bioassays on Illinois waterway dredged material. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, D.W.; Gibson, A.B.; Dillon, T.M.

    1992-12-01

    Sediment from the Illinois Waterway navigation channel is hydraulically dredged by the US Army Engineer District, Rock Island, and placed in the nearshore environment via pipeline. Water returning to the river can have a high-suspended solids load approaching fluid mud consistency. There is a concern that this return water may exceed the State of Illinois water quality standards for ammonia and have adverse effects on aquatic life. To address these concerns, composite sediment samples and site water collected from selected sites in the Illinois Waterway were evaluated in toxicity tests. Acute (48-hr) toxicity tests were conducted with two species, Pimephales promelas (the fathead minnow) and Daphnia magna (a freshwater cladoceran). A chronic (21-day) toxicity test was also conducted using Daphnia magna. Animals were exposed separately to different concentrations of filtered and unfiltered elutriates prepared from Acute, Cadmium, Daphnia magna, Pimephales promela, Ammonia, Chronic, Elutriate, Sediment, Bioassay, Cladoceran, Fathead minnow. Illinois Waterway edged material. Total ammonia concentrations were measured in all tests and the un-ionized fraction was calculated by adjusting for temperature and pH. Tests were conducted at the US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. In addition, as part of an interlaboratory effort, a 48-hr acute toxicity test with Pimephales pomelas fry was conducted concurrently by the Hygienic Laboratory of the University of Iowa, Des Moines, IA.

  12. Illinois Kids Count, 2002: Supporting the Changing Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Trisha; Warner, Lindsay; Zasadny, Julie

    This Kids Count data book examines statewide trends in the well-being of Illinois' children. The statistical portrait is based on 24 indicators in the areas of family, health, safety, education, and economic security. The indicators are: (1) living arrangements for children; (2) teen births; (3) children in foster/substitute care; (4) foster…

  13. Business and Education Linkage Activities. Lake County, Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flesher, Jeffrey W.

    A study was conducted to establish a baseline profile of business and education linkage activities in Lake County, Illinois. Data were collected through a survey questionnaire sent to 242 public and private K-12 schools in Lake County. Two rounds of mailings resulted in the return of 109 usable forms, or 45 percent of the population. Telephone…

  14. A Study of Admission Procedures in Illinois Practical Nursing Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grippando, Gloria M.

    This study was designed to provide the College of Lake County with data to promote critical thinking and discussion about the revision of the present admission criteria for the practical nursing program. Subjects were the coordinators/directors of the 36 approved schools of practical nursing in Illinois. A letter and a questionnaire comprised of a…

  15. Illinois Community College Board Eleventh Biennial Report, 1985-86.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    An overview is provided of the governance, organization, enrollment, programs, finances, facilities, and significant activities and areas of concern of Illinois' public community colleges. The report begins by describing the organization of the system of 39 districts comprised of 50 colleges and 5 branch campuses. The next section deals with…

  16. Illinois State Council on Nutrition Legislative Report 1982. Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Council on Nutrition, Springfield.

    The responsibilities of the Illinois State Council on Nutrition include studying and making recommendations concerning the following objectives: (1) introducing and developing information, subjects, and programs about nutrition for school curricula; (2) coordinating feeding programs for pre-school and school-age children, the elderly, and pregnant…

  17. Illinois Kids Count 2003: The Window of Opportunity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parente, Julie

    This Kids Count report examines trends in the well-being of Illinois' children. The statistical portrait is based on 25 indicators in the areas of family, economic security, education, safety, and health. The indicators are: (1) child population and births; (2) language spoken at home; (3) children in two-parent families; (4) grandparents raising…

  18. Illinois Educational Recertification: Impact on Local, Regional, and State Control.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Clyde; Beckwith, John; Price, Alfred

    In 1997, the Illinois Legislature passed significant legislation that increased the foundation level for general state aid. Provisions in the legislation for increased teacher accountability included changing the single-level teacher certification system to a multi-tiered process, changing the length of time required before attaining teacher…

  19. Developing Educational Resources in Illinois: The Role of Foreign Languages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoegl, Juergen K.

    National concern for the need for improved education in foreign languages and international studies has met with some response from some states. In Illinois, the response began with a state task force and a five-year educational plan, and current planning is being done in the context of economic development and educational reform needs in the…

  20. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Laboratory and Field Technician Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These Illinois skill standards for the agricultural laboratory and field technician cluster are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for…

  1. Illinois High School Principals' Perceptions of Alternative Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlton, Lawrence W.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined Illinois high school principals' perceptions of the growth, quality, advantages and disadvantages of alternative learning environments. In this study, alternative learning environments involved the use of both synchronous and asynchronous modes of communication for course delivery. Synchronous modes of instructional delivery…

  2. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Retail Garden Center Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards, developed through a consortium of educational and industry partners in Illinois, serve as guides to workforce preparation program providers to define content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition and performance. The skill standards include the following…

  3. Environmental and Planning Studies at the University of Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Findley, Roger W.

    1979-01-01

    The University of Illinois College of Law has developed a program in environmental and planning studies that includes interdisciplinary instruction, student internships, interdisciplinary and international research by faculty and graduate fellows, and a strong public service element with close ties to state environmental agencies. (JMD)

  4. Illinois Community College Board Biennial Report, 2005-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The mission of the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB), as the state coordinating board for community colleges, is to administer the Public Community College Act in a manner that maximizes the ability of the community colleges to serve their communities, promotes cooperation within the system, and accommodates those State of Illinois…

  5. Strategic Plan for Preventing Childhood Lead Poisoning in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Dept. of Public Health, Springfield.

    The severity of the silent epidemic of lead poisoning and its long range effects on young children in impairment of intellectual ability, short-term memory, concentration, and reaction time have been recognized. A 3-year strategic plan for preventing childhood lead poisoning in Illinois was developed by a planning committee working through four…

  6. The Illinois Community College Sustainability Network--A Successful Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobson, Bert

    2010-01-01

    In 2008, the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO), Bureau of Energy and Recycling, funded a pilot project creating a network of Sustainability Centers. The pilot project demonstrated that networked campus sustainability centers are an efficient mechanism to reach consumers, business, and industry. All 48 community…

  7. National Environmental/Energy Workforce Assessment for Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Field Research Center Inc., Iowa City, IA.

    This report presents existing workforce levels, training programs and career potentials and develops staffing level projections (1976-1982) based on available information for the State of Illinois. The study concerns itself with the environmental pollution control areas of air, noise, potable water, pesticides, radiation, solid waste, wastewater,…

  8. Another Look at Public Library Referenda in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Stanley E.

    1996-01-01

    Presents 14 tables depicting Illinois public library referenda data from fiscal year 1977/78 through November 1995. Discusses success rates in terms of even versus odd years and spring versus fall for fiscal years 1986-95. Outlines types of library referenda, including: annexation; tax increase; bond issue; establishment (district); conversion to…

  9. The Illinois Public Junior College System. A Program Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Economic and Fiscal Commission, Springfield.

    A program review of Illinois' public junior college system was conducted. Two thousand students, teachers and administrators on 19 campuses were surveyed. Findings in these areas are discussed: (1) the baccalaureate-transfer mission--Junior colleges are not sufficiently screening applicants for such programs. (2) occupational education…

  10. No Child Left Behind: A Postmortem for Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harman, Wm. Gregory; Boden, Camille; Karpenski, Jeremy; Muchowicz, Nicole

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the outcomes of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), as implemented in Illinois, are evaluated in terms of high school standards testing results between 2003-2013. NCLB was a policy dedicated to closing the gap in schooling outcomes nationally in the space of a decade. There have been few systematic examinations of its macro-level results…

  11. Illinois Community College Board Uniform Accounting Procedures Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    This manual was designed to provide chief finance officers and other administrators with a summary of laws and policies that relate to Illinois public community colleges and to provide a uniform system for accounting, budgeting, auditing, and reporting in the state's community colleges. After chapter I describes the fiscal philosophies and…

  12. Health Behaviors of Elementary School Children in Rural Southern Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarvela, Paul D.; Monge, Eduardo A.

    1999-01-01

    A study of patterns of health behavior among rural and small-town children surveyed 1,950 K-6 students from seven southern Illinois elementary schools. Findings indicate that less than half of the students ate the recommended amounts of fruits, vegetables, and grain each day. Males and females smoked at about the same rates, but sixth-grade boys…

  13. At Northern Illinois U., Leaders Grapple with a Tragedy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sander, Libby

    2008-01-01

    At even the best-prepared universities, there is no playbook for handling the crush of tough decisions that comes after a mass shooting rocks an otherwise quiet campus. While colleges and universities have always had tragedies, recent occurences like the shootings at Northern Illinois University and Virginia Tech have fundamentally changed the way…

  14. A Study of Illinois Employer Reactions to Training Credentials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Frank G.; And Others

    A study was conducted in summer 1982 by Project REA to provide employment skill training operators and educators in Illinois with information about the reactions, attitudes, and beliefs of employers toward various forms of accreditation of training, i.e., academic credit, nonacademic credit, certificates, degrees, diplomas, and licenses. The study…

  15. Muon g-2 ring moving up Illinois river

    SciTech Connect

    2013-07-20

    This clip shows the "Miss Katie" pushing the muon g-2 ring upstream on the Illinois River, and passing through the Peoria Lock and Dam as it travels toward Lemont, where it will be unloaded onto the special Emmert transporter and driven to Fermilab.

  16. Technological Change and Rural Development: A Case Example from Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoke, Gordon

    In 1980, the Office of Continuing Education and Public Service at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign acquired a W. K. Kellogg Foundation grant to establish a 4-year model Community Information and Education Service (CIES). Working with the university's Cooperative Extension Service and five community colleges, CIES initially focused on…

  17. Nutrition Services in Illinois. Feeding Programs and Nutrition Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Council on Nutrition, Springfield.

    This publication lists information about Illinois state agencies and organizations that participate in feeding programs and/or have nutrition programs and nutrition services available to the public. This nutrition services sourcebook lists where one can go for help and available information and services. Statewide organizations which support…

  18. Illinois State Library Strategic Plan: 2008-2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Jesse

    2008-01-01

    Since its establishment in 1839 to serve the branches of state government, the Illinois State Library has undergone an evolution in the methods, resources and services provided. Over the years, the State Library's sphere of service has expanded to meet the information needs of the public through a statewide network of libraries and regional…

  19. Illinois Community College System Performance Report for Fiscal Year 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The "Fiscal Year 2007 Illinois Community College System's Performance Report" contains summary information about state and common institutional outcome indicators. External comparative benchmarks are cited whenever possible using the latest available data (national reporting typically trails what is available at the state level). Additionally, the…

  20. 76 FR 80342 - Coastal Zone Management Program: Illinois

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-23

    ... October 14, 2011 (76 FR 57022). The comment period expired on October 31, 2011. The FEIS includes... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coastal Zone Management Program: Illinois AGENCY: Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (OCRM), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration...

  1. 77 FR 8219 - Coastal Zone Management Program: Illinois

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ... ICMP was published December 23, 2011 for a 30-day comment period (76 FR 80342). The comment period... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coastal Zone Management Program: Illinois AGENCY: Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (OCRM), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA),...

  2. Citizen Attitudes Toward Public Education in Arcola, Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozoll, Charles E.; And Others

    Information about how Arcola citizens felt about their public education system was obtained through phone interviews with 271 adults. Arcola was chosen because its small population (2,600 residents), its concern for the quality of education, and its economic base (farming) made it typical of a rural community in central and southern Illinois.…

  3. Functional Plan for the Illinois Library Telecommunications Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bigelow, Linda; Calabrese, Alice

    1989-01-01

    Reports on a study conducted by the Northern Illinois Learning Resources Cooperative to determine requirements and develop recommendations for a statewide library telecommunications network. Covers the results of a statewide needs assessment, the current status of library and educational telecommunications, trends, functional design criteria, and…

  4. Gravitation, Book 3. The University of Illinois Astronomy Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkin, J. Myron; Wyatt, Stanley P., Jr.

    Presented is book three in a series of six books in the University of Illinois Astronomy Program which introduces astronomy to upper elementary and junior high school students. The causes of celestial motion are investigated and the laws that apply to all moving things in the universe are examined in detail. Topics discussed include: the basic…

  5. Black Studies in the State of Illinois: A Directory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Charles J., Comp.

    This directory lists resources in Black Studies, offered or planned, in 67 Illinois Colleges. The studies were defined as any course or activity, formal or informal, graduate or undergraduate, credit or non-credit, on the subject of black experience in America or Africa. Some material on other ethnic groups (e.g., Puerto Rican) and on human…

  6. Detecting and Confirming Accelerated Atrazine Degradation in Illinois Soils

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Technical abstract: Enhanced degradation of atrazine has been documented in many parts of the world where the herbicide has been extensively used. Atrazine is widely used in corn in Illinois, but enhanced degradation in the field has not been documented. In this study, the dissipation of atrazine...

  7. Study Hall Policy and Practice among Illinois Public High Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    In response to questions raised by the Pupil Accounting System Advisory Group concerning the criteria for determining a day of attendance and whether study hall time should be counted when measuring attendance, the Illinois State Board of Education conducted a comprehensive survey to ascertain current study hall policy and practice among the…

  8. Native American Uses of Plants and Animals of Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    Intended for teachers of elementary and secondary social studies, science, home economics, and health, the source book focuses on the history of American Indians in Illinois and their plant and animal food sources. Section I presents general information, states learning objectives, and includes a map of Indian tribes in the United States at the…

  9. Land Lab Experiences in Sierra Leone and Illinois

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Burton E.; Tucker, Sonny W.

    1978-01-01

    The agricultural education curriculum at Njala University College, University of Sierra Leone, is stressing practical farm experience programs on school land for students preparing to teach agriculture. In Illinois also the "land laboratories" concept appears to be effective in providing practical agricultural training. (MF)

  10. Illinois Cooperative Work Study Program. Fiscal Year 1997 Grant Allocations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Higher Education, Springfield.

    This report contains project synopses and evaluations supporting recommendations for funding 25 continuing and 7 new projects in public and nonpublic colleges and universities included in the $1.5 million appropriated for fiscal year 1997 for the Illinois Cooperative Work Study Program. Selection criteria included: strengthening cooperation among…

  11. Illinois Community College Board: Baccalaureate Access Task Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This report presents the background and history of community college role in baccalaureate access in Illinois from 1901 to the present and describes the role of the Baccalaureate Access Task Force, which commenced its work in December 2004. The Baccalaureate Access Task Force was charged with examining the extent of the baccalaureate access issues…

  12. Expanding the Doula Model: An Illinois Replication Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Harriet; Kirwan, Ann; Dealy, Katie

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the Ounce of Prevention Fund's journey to institutionalize doula services in the state of Illinois. The Ounce's doulas help strengthen the new relationship between mother and child by working with the mother to help her better understand and anticipate the progression of the third trimester of pregnancy, the child-birthing…

  13. EDUCATIONAL DATA PROCESSING IN ILLINOIS PUBLIC SCHOOLS, AN INTRODUCTORY MANUAL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KAISER, DALE E.; AND OTHERS

    THE PRESENT TYPES AND AMOUNT OF DATA PROCESSING USED IN ILLINOIS PUBLIC SCHOOLS ARE DISCUSSED. ONLY 66 OF 964 SCHOOL DISTRICTS RESPONDING TO A QUESTIONNAIRE REPORTED USE OF DATA PROCESSING. THESE INCLUDED, HOWEVER, 43 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL PUBLIC SCHOOL ENROLLMENT. DIFFERENT AREAS IN WHICH DATA PROCESSING TECHNIQUES ARE USED INCLUDE (1) SCHOOL…

  14. Education Finance Reform. Voices for Illinois Children Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagle, Ami; Kim, Robert

    This special report reviews problems in Illinois' education funding system and discusses potential solutions to these problems. The report notes that the fundamental problem with the current education finance system is an over-reliance on local property taxes. Although property taxes are a relatively stable and lucrative revenue source,…

  15. 76 FR 37391 - Illinois Disaster Number IL-00030

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Illinois Disaster Number IL-00030 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 1... of Federal Domestic Assistance Numbers 59002 and 59008) James E. Rivera, Associate Administrator...

  16. 75 FR 57539 - Illinois Disaster Number IL-00025

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Illinois Disaster Number IL-00025 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 1... unchanged. (Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Numbers 59002 and 59008) James E. Rivera,...

  17. 76 FR 37166 - Illinois Disaster Number IL-00031

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Illinois Disaster Number IL-00031 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Amendment 1... Assistance Numbers 59002 and 59008) James E. Rivera, Associate Administrator for Disaster Assistance....

  18. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Physical Therapist Assistant Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards, developed through a consortium of educational and industry partners in Illinois, serve as guides to workforce preparation program providers to define content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition and performance. The skill standards include the following…

  19. Report on High Technology Programs in Illinois Public Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    Survey results are presented from a study of the steps being taken by the 52 Illinois public community colleges to develop and provide programs in high technology fields. First, high technology programs are defined as those occupational programs that educate and train individuals to operate, maintain, and/or repair micro-electronic or computerized…

  20. Retirement in Illinois Community Colleges, 1985-1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, David L.

    This analysis of retirement planning and early retirement incentive plans in Illinois community colleges was drawn from a study of early retirement plans at each of the state's 39 community colleges, and a follow-up survey to clarify information in the documents and determine colleges' plans for the future. After introductory comments on the issue…

  1. Training in Developing Effective IEP's: The Illinois Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitworth, Jerry E.

    The state of Illinois is developing a statewide Individualized Education Program (IEP) training program for school staff to improve the effectiveness of IEP development and implementation. The training will cover three dimensions: (1) knowledge and awareness of required components, required participants, required timelines, rationale and purposes,…

  2. The Developmentally Disabled Offender in the Illinois Criminal Justice System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Correctional Services for the Developmentally Disabled, Inc., Chicago, IL.

    Reported are findings from five studies which explored the special problems and needs of the developmentally disabled offender in the Illinois criminal justice system. Introductory information includes a discussion of the problem, goals of the present study, and a review of programs for retarded offenders throughout the U.S. Presented are five…

  3. Pennies on the Dollar: How Illinois Shortchanges Its Teachers' Retirement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kan, Leslie; Fuchs, Daniel; Aldeman, Chad

    2016-01-01

    Illinois' pension plans have sent the state on a downward spiral. One out of every four dollars that state taxpayers send to Springfield goes toward pensions, and the vast majority of these contributions go toward paying down large pension debt, not the actual retirement benefits given to state and local workers like teachers. The teacher pension…

  4. A Longitudinal Study of Fiscal Equalization in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickrod, G. Alan; Chaudhari, Ramesh

    Fiscal data were analyzed for a nine-year period (1963-1971) for all school districts in Illinois. Two hypotheses were tested relative to two different definitions of equalization -- "permissible variance" and "fiscal neutrality." Support was given to the notion of increasing interdistrict equality relative to expenditures and tax effort. Support…

  5. Flood of September 13-16, 2008, in northeastern Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fazio, David J.; Sharpe, Jennifer B.

    2012-01-01

    Major flooding occurred in northeastern Illinois during September 13–16, 2008, following extended storm activity. Rainfall recorded at select Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS), National Weather Service (NWS), and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) rain gages in northeastern Illinois, ranged from 2.39 to 10.51 inches throughout a 51-hour period during September 12–14, 2008. The rainfall resulted in extensive urban drainage and riverine flooding, causing the evacuation of thousands of residents, millions of dollars in damages, hundreds of road closings, and two water-related fatalities in the greater Chicago area. Nine counties in northeastern Illinois (16 counties throughout the State) were declared Federal disaster areas. USGS streamgages recorded new record-peak streamflows at 13 locations as a result of the heavy rainfall. Four streamgages had a calculated annual exceedance probability (AEP) ranging from 0.2 to 1 percent, and one streamgage had a calculated AEP of less than 0.2 percent. During this flood event, USGS crews made 48 streamflow measurements at 45 streamgages. After the high-water had subsided, USGS crews set 230 high-water marks in over 40 communities along 131 miles of streams. The elevations for 117 high-water marks along approximately 100 miles of streams were measured by the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRDGC) and the Illinois Department of Natural Resources–Office of Water Resources (IDNR–OWR). Flood peak water-surface profiles for select streams are plotted from the high-water mark data.

  6. Overview of the Illinois small operator assistance program

    SciTech Connect

    Maxwell, A.H.

    1984-12-01

    The Small Operator Assistance Program (SOAP) is a federally funded program mandated by the Federal Surface Mine Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Its function is to provide technical assistance to coal mine operators who mine less than 100,000 tons of coal a year in preparing the Statement of the Test Borings and Prediction of the Probable Hydrologic Consequences of Mining, which are required as a part of an application to mine coal or recover carbon. In Illinois the SOAP program is administered by the Illinois Department of Mines and Minerals (IDMM). The data collection, analysis, and hydrologic impact assessments have been conducted by the Coal Extraction and Utilization Research Center (CEURC) of Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Illinois. Despite several stumblingblocks confronted by the SOAP program in its early stages of operation, the CEURC and IDMM have developed a method of operation which has adapted to the changes in the law and is geared toward the small coal mine industry in Illinois. Since the beginning of the program, 17 small operators have been assisted in preparing their permit applications. These were operators of surface mines, carbon recovery mines, and coal waste disposal sites. The data collected at each site generally consisted of six months of surface and groundwater monitoring and a chemical analysis of the overburden or other material to the disturbed during the operation. With the vast amount of data collected, the CEURC and IDMM are in a position to compile an extensive data base which could be used in determinations of the probable hydrologic consequences of future mining operations.

  7. Structural Changes in Illinois Agriculture and Industry: Impact on Illinois School Finance. Series E. Agricultural Economics. No. 85-E-335.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chicoine, David L.; Langston, Suzanne W.

    Simulation of changes through 1988-89 in the distribution of general school aid (GSA) in Illinois demonstrated implications of a dual state economy for educational finance. Agricultural and heavy manufacturing areas were found to have suffered loss of tax revenue while service and light industry areas experienced increased revenue. Downstate…

  8. Studies of Illinois Public Libraries Using Data from 1980-81. Illinois Library Statistical Report No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Univ., Urbana. Library Research Center.

    Employee fringe benefits, characteristics of head librarians, and interlibrary loan activity among Illinois public libraries are described in this compilation of three reports. The first and largest report delineates results of a 1980/81 fringe benefit survey conducted by telephone interview. It is noted that the Chicago Public Library was…

  9. Nutrition Education in Illinois. A Report on Legislative Hearings Held by the Illinois State Council on Nutrition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narins, Dorice M.; And Others

    Five hearings were held in the fall of l982 to evaluate nutrition education programs in Illinois. Representatives from schools and hospitals, and presidents or directors of organizations whose members might provide nutrition education testified. Testimony by 96 participants was in the form of responses to questions about: (1) the primary audience…

  10. Illinois Natural Heritage Conservation/Education Kit. Special Theme: "Remember These Precious Few." Illinois' Endangered and Threatened Plants and Animals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Sally F.

    This educational kit is designed to help teachers familiarize their students with the natural resources of Illinois. Materials in the kit are suitable for a wide range of grade levels and can be used in indoor and outdoor settings. These materials include a booklet and a set of 15 classroom activities. The booklet, written at an approximate fifth…

  11. Connections: A Compendium of Integration Ideas. Illinois Tech Prep Innovators. 1992 Compendium. Integrative Teaching Ideas from Illinois Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

    This report contains 51 one-page abstracts of innovative Illinois tech prep programs that integrate academic and vocational education. Each abstract includes the following: curriculum areas, grade level, types of students for whom the program is appropriate, materials needed, suggested resources, a contact person with address and telephone number,…

  12. 76 FR 77831 - 2012 Presidential Candidate Matching Fund Submission Dates and Post Date of Ineligibility Dates...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-14

    ... Submit Statements of Net Outstanding Campaign Obligations AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Notice of matching fund submission dates and submission dates for statements of net outstanding campaign... statements of net outstanding campaign obligations (``NOCO statement'') after their dates of...

  13. 76 FR 7185 - FirstEnergy Generation Corporation; Seneca Nation of Indians; Notice of Intent To File Competing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-09

    ... these meetings are as follows: Morning Scoping Meeting Date: Wednesday, February 23, 2011. Time: 9 a.m... Meetings Commission staff will hold three scoping meetings in the vicinity of the project at the time and place noted below. The morning and afternoon meetings will focus on resource agency, Indian tribes,...

  14. 2D Seismic Reflection Data across Central Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Valerie; Leetaru, Hannes

    2014-09-30

    In a continuing collaboration with the Midwest Geologic Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) on the Evaluation of the Carbon Sequestration Potential of the Cambro-Ordovician Strata of the Illinois and Michigan Basins project, Schlumberger Carbon Services and WesternGeco acquired two-dimensional (2D) seismic data in the Illinois Basin. This work included the design, acquisition and processing of approximately 125 miles of (2D) seismic reflection surveys running west to east in the central Illinois Basin. Schlumberger Carbon Services and WesternGeco oversaw the management of the field operations (including a pre-shoot planning, mobilization, acquisition and de-mobilization of the field personnel and equipment), procurement of the necessary permits to conduct the survey, post-shoot closure, processing of the raw data, and provided expert consultation as needed in the interpretation of the delivered product. Three 2D seismic lines were acquired across central Illinois during November and December 2010 and January 2011. Traversing the Illinois Basin, this 2D seismic survey was designed to image the stratigraphy of the Cambro-Ordovician sections and also to discern the basement topography. Prior to this survey, there were no regionally extensive 2D seismic data spanning this section of the Illinois Basin. Between the NW side of Morgan County and northwestern border of Douglas County, these seismic lines ran through very rural portions of the state. Starting in Morgan County, Line 101 was the longest at 93 miles in length and ended NE of Decatur, Illinois. Line 501 ran W-E from the Illinois Basin – Decatur Project (IBDP) site to northwestern Douglas County and was 25 miles in length. Line 601 was the shortest and ran N-S past the IBDP site and connected lines 101 and 501. All three lines are correlated to well logs at the IBDP site. Originally processed in 2011, the 2D seismic profiles exhibited a degradation of signal quality below ~400 millisecond (ms) which made

  15. State-discharge relations at dams on the Illinois and Des Plaines rivers in Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mades, Dean M.

    1981-01-01

    Stage-discharge relations were developed for the Brandon Road Dam on the Des Plainse River and the Dresden Island, Marseilles, Starved Rock, Peoria, and La Grange Dams on the Illinois River. At Brandon Road Dam, streamflow is regulated by the operation of tainter gates and headgates. Tainter gates are operated to regulate streamflow at the Dresden Island, Marseilles, and Starved Rock Dams. Peoria Dam and La Grange Dam comprise timber Chanoine wickets which are lowered to a horizontal position on the streambed when used for streamflow regulation. Both dams have concrete abutments housing butterfly valves that are also used for regulation. A total of 50 discharge measurements ranging from 49.0 to 2,450 cubic meter per second were used to determine discharge coefficients in equations expressing discharge as a function of headwater depth, tailwater depth, and gate opening. A stage-discharge relation for Chanoine wicket dams developed from a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers hydraulic model study in 1937 and 1938 was verified with discharge measurements made downstream from the Peoria and La Grange Dams. (USGS)

  16. Structural features of the Seneca Valley virus internal ribosome entry site (IRES) element: a picornavirus with a pestivirus-like IRES.

    PubMed

    Willcocks, Margaret M; Locker, Nicolas; Gomwalk, Zarmwa; Royall, Elizabeth; Bakhshesh, Mehran; Belsham, Graham J; Idamakanti, Neeraja; Burroughs, Kevin D; Reddy, P Seshidhar; Hallenbeck, Paul L; Roberts, Lisa O

    2011-05-01

    The RNA genome of Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a recently identified picornavirus, contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) element which has structural and functional similarity to that from classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and hepatitis C virus, members of the Flaviviridae. The SVV IRES has an absolute requirement for the presence of a short region of virus-coding sequence to allow it to function either in cells or in rabbit reticulocyte lysate. The IRES activity does not require the translation initiation factor eIF4A or intact eIF4G. The predicted secondary structure indicates that the SVV IRES is more closely related to the CSFV IRES, including the presence of a bipartite IIId domain. Mutagenesis of the SVV IRES, coupled to functional assays, support the core elements of the IRES structure model, but surprisingly, deletion of the conserved IIId(2) domain had no effect on IRES activity, including 40S and eIF3 binding. This is the first example of a picornavirus IRES that is most closely related to the CSFV IRES and suggests the possibility of multiple, independent recombination events between the genomes of the Picornaviridae and Flaviviridae to give rise to similar IRES elements.

  17. The influence of accuracy, grid size, and interpolation method on the hydrological analysis of LiDAR derived dems: Seneca Nation of Indians, Irving NY

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clarkson, Brian W.

    Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) derived Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) provide accurate, high resolution digital surfaces for precise topographic analysis. The following study investigates the accuracy of LiDAR derived DEMs by calculating the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of multiple interpolation methods with grid cells ranging from 0.5 to 10-meters. A raster cell with smaller dimensions will drastically increase the amount of detail represented in the DEM by increasing the number of elevation values across the study area. Increased horizontal resolutions have raised the accuracy of the interpolated surfaces and the contours generated from the digitized landscapes. As the raster grid cells decrease in size, the level of detail of hydrological processes will significantly improve compared to coarser resolutions including the publicly available National Elevation Datasets (NEDs). Utilizing a LiDAR derived DEM with the lowest RMSE as the 'ground truth', watershed boundaries were delineated for a sub-basin of the Clear Creek Watershed within the territory of the Seneca Nation of Indians located in Southern Erie County, NY. An investigation of the watershed area and boundary location revealed considerable differences comparing the results of applying different interpretation methods on DEM datasets of different horizontal resolutions. Stream networks coupled with watersheds were used to calculate peak flow values for the 10-meter NEDs and LiDAR derived DEMs.

  18. Dating Violence among College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iconis, Rosemary

    2013-01-01

    Dating violence is a significant problem on college campuses. More than one-fifth of the undergraduate dating population are physically abused by their dating partners and an even greater percentage are psychologically abused. Researchers have identified risk factors for college student dating violence. Preventive interventions are strongly…

  19. 210Pb dating

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Swarzenski, Peter W.

    2014-01-01

    Roughly fifty years ago, a small group of scientists from Belgium and the United States, trying to better constrain ice sheet accumulation rates, attempted to apply what was then know about environmental lead as a potential geochronometer. Thus Goldberg (1963) developed the first principles of the 210Pb dating method, which was soon followed by a paper by Crozaz et al. (1964), who examined accumulation history of Antarctic snow using 210Pb. Shortly thereafter, Koide et al. (1972, 1973) adapted this technique to unravel sediment deposition and accumulation records in deep-sea environments. Serendipitously, they chose to work in a deep basin off California, where an independent and robust age model had already been developed. Krishanswami et al. (1971) extended the use of this technique to lacustrine deposits to reconstruct depositional histories of lake sediment, and maybe more importantly, contaminant inputs and burial. Thus, the powerful tool for dating recent (up to about one century old) sediment deposits was established and soon widely adopted. Today almost all oceanographic or limnologic studies that address recent depositional reconstructions employ 210Pb as one of several possible geochronometers (Andrews et al., 2009; Gale, 2009; Baskaran, 2011; Persson and Helms, 2011). This paper presents a short overview of the principles of 210Pb dating and provides a few examples that illustrate the utility of this tracer in contrasting depositional systems. Potential caveats and uncertainties (Appleby et al., 1986; Binford, 1990; Binford et al., 1993; Smith, 2001; Hancock et al., 2002) inherent to the use and interpretation of 210Pb-derived age-models are also introduced. Recommendations as to best practices for most reliable uses and reporting are presented in the summary.

  20. Estimated water withdrawals and use in Illinois, 1988

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Avery, C.F.

    1995-01-01

    The total amount of water withdrawn in Illinois during 1988 was about 18,756 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). About 1,170 Mgal/d, or 37 percent, of the total water withdrawn in Illinois, excluding withdrawals for thermoelectric-power generation, was ground water; about 1,998 Mgal/d of surface water was withdrawn and used, excluding withdrawals for thermoelectric-power generation. About 25 Mgal/d of the total ground water withdrawn was saline. Seventy-five percent of the total surface water, excluding withdrawals for thermoelectric-power generation, was withdrawn by public-supply facilities. Self-supplied industrial withdrawals were the next largest use of surface water. Thirty-nine percent of the total ground water was withdrawn by public-supply facilities. Irrigation was the next largest use of ground water. Sixty-two percent of the total water withdrawn, excluding thermoelectric withdrawals, in Illinois during 1988 was for public-supply facilities. Self-supplied withdrawals by industries and for irrigation were the next largest uses of water in Illinois during 1988. The total water withdrawn for thermoelectric-power generation was about 15,589 Mgal/d. Water withdrawn and delivered from public-supply facilities in Illinois during 1988 totaled about 1,956 Mgal/d. Surface water and ground water were the sources for about 1,495 and 462 Mgal/d, respectively, of the withdrawals for public supply. The total water obtained from Lake Michigan for public-water supply was about 1,214 Mgal/d. About 122 Mgal/d was withdrawn for self-supplied domestic purposes. Total self-supplied withdrawals and deliveries from public-water facilities for commercial use were about 654 Mgal/d. About 159 Mgal/d was self-supplied by the commercial establishments. Total irrigation water withdrawals were about 302 Mgal/d. Although irrigated acreage in Illinois has increased from 265,036 acres in 1986 to 281,370 acres in 1988, the most significant factor for the increased irrigation water use was

  1. Vulcanism and Radiocarbon Dates

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    Libby, L. M.; Libby, W. F.

    1972-10-01

    We consider whether the long term perturbation of radiocarbon dates, which is known to be approximately a sin function of period about 8000 years and amplitude of about 8% peak-to-peak, could have been caused in any major part by vulcanism. We conclude that this is not the case. On the contrary, present day volcanoes are a far less important source of inert CO{sub 2} (about 100 fold less) than is man's burning of fossil fuels which has caused the Suess dilution of about 2%. (auth)

  2. Case Study of a Successful Educational Partnership: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeVol, Dave

    2014-01-01

    When the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA) was founded in 1985, the state of Illinois charged IMSA with two mandates: (1) "The primary role of the Academy shall be to offer a uniquely challenging education for students talented in the areas of mathematics and science." (2) "The Academy shall also carry a responsibility…

  3. Illinois Directors' of Special Education Perceptions of Their Leadership Styles and Importance of the Illinois Standards for Director of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunnell, James W.

    2013-01-01

    This research examined the relationship between Illinois Directors, of special education leadership styles and the importance of the Illinois mandated standards for Director of special education. It extends the current research in educational leadership by specifically exploring the relationship between the importance of special education…

  4. Arsenic in Illinois ground water : community and private supplies

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Warner, Kelly L.; Martin, Angel; Arnold, Terri L.

    2003-01-01

    Assessing the distribution of arsenic in ground water from community-water supplies, private supplies, or monitoring wells is part of the process of determining the risk of arsenic contamination of drinking water in Illinois. Lifestyle, genetic, and environmental factors make certain members of the population more susceptible to adverse health effects from repeated exposure to drinking water with high arsenic concentrations (Ryker, 2001). In addition, such factors may have geographic distribution patterns that complicate the analysis of the relation between arsenic in drinking water and health effects. For example, arsenic may not be the only constituent affecting the quality of drinking water in a region (Ryker, 2001); however, determining the extent and distribution of arsenic in ground water is a starting place to assess the potential risk for persons drinking from a community or private supply. Understanding the potential sources and pathways that mobilize arsenic in ground water is a necessary step in protecting the drinking-water supply in Illinois.

  5. Characteristics of Illinois School Districts That Employ School Nurses.

    PubMed

    Searing, Lisabeth M; Guenette, Molly

    2016-08-01

    Research indicates that school nursing services are cost-effective, but the National Association of School Nurses estimates that 25% of schools do not have a school nurse (SN). The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of Illinois school districts that employed SNs. This was a secondary data analysis of Illinois School Report Card system data as well as data obtained from district websites regarding SNs. Employment of an SN was determined for 95% of the 862 existing districts. Binary logistic regression analysis found that district size was the largest significant predictor of employment of an SN. Other factors included the type of district and diversity of the teaching staff as well as the percentage of students receiving special education services or with limited English proficiency. These findings indicate where to focus advocacy and policy efforts to encourage employment of SNs. PMID:26446878

  6. Paleogeomorphology affecting early Pennsylvanian floras in Rock Island County, Illinois

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leary, R. L.

    1980-12-01

    Plant fossils preserved in basal Pennsylvanian rocks of western Illinois are significant because composition of many of the paleofloras differs from those of more commonly preserved and better studied coal swamp floras. Floras dominated by Megalopteris and Lesleya and containing Noeggerathiales and Cordaites grew on well drained uplands. Subsurface data and exposure of the pre-Pennsylvanian unconformity in Rock Island County, Illinois, reveal a surface of low relief with scattered steep sided valleys as much as 60 m deep and hills up to 20 m high. A karst topography developed on Devonian limestone in the Rock Island County area. Basal Pennsylvanian strata in the Rock Island County area provide evidence for several cycles of erosion and deposition. Paleoland forms, smooth bedrock surfaces, and lack of limestone debris at the pre-Pennsylvanian unconformity (post Late Devonian - preWestphalian B) surface indicate a warm, humid climate in earliest Pennsylvanian.

  7. Preliminary evaluation of the Illinois Residential Affordable Payment Program (IRAPP)

    SciTech Connect

    Reddy, A.B.; Griffin, B.S.; Lieberman, B.; Baker, D.

    1988-03-01

    The Illinois Residential Affordable Payment Program (IRAPP) was authorized by the Illinois Energy Assistance Act of 1985. IRAPP is an energy-assistance program for low-income households that have incomes of less than 125% of poverty level and receive utility services from a public utility. In return for percent of income payments, low-income households are guaranteed continuous natural gas and/or electricity utility service. The program was placed in operation in December 1985. The study reported here is an evaluation of this program. Program-eligible households were compared to determine: (1) what household characteristics lead to program participation; (2) what effects the program has on consumption of natural gas and electricity, utility-service disconnections, and low-income households' utility costs; and (3) how much the program cost per participant household.

  8. Illinois Association of Craniofacial Teams: a new state organization.

    PubMed

    Will, L A; Aduss, M K

    1987-10-01

    The Illinois Association of Craniofacial Teams (IACT) is a not-for-profit organization whose members are the 14 teams that treat patients with craniofacial anomalies in the state of Illinois and adjoining areas. The teams represent more than 200 multidisciplinary health professionals. The group was formed in 1983 to foster cooperation and communication between the teams and to encourage public awareness. In addition to providing educational programs, the organization has focused its attention on standards of care, cost analysis of services, third party reimbursement, and incidence reporting of cleft lip and palate. This report reviews the formation, structure, and accomplishments of IACT so that it may serve as a model or guide for other groups who share its goals.

  9. Pre-Mississippian hydrocarbon potential of Illinois basin

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, H.G.

    1987-05-01

    The Illinois basin is primarily a Paleozoic epeirogenic basin located in the east-central US. Taken at its broadest possible definition, this basin contains a maximum of 20,000 ft of sedimentary rocks. These represent every Phanerozoic system except the Triassic and Jurassic. Seven important tectonic episodes are recognized. These begin with the establishment of Eocambrian basement rift faults, followed by six rejuvenation events of varying magnitude. More than 3.5 billion bbl of oil have been produced from the Illinois basin, mainly from Pennsylvanian and Mississippian rocks. These rocks represent only 20% of the total basin sedimentary volume. Source rock maturation studies suggest that none of this oil is indigenous to the Pennsylvanian or Mississippian, but all has migrated upward from at least three pre-Mississippian sources. If basin sedimentary volume is taken to be roughly proportional to hydrocarbon reserves, there may be as much as 12 billion BOE remaining to be found in the largely untested pre-Mississippian of the Illinois basin. A thermal history model and Lopatin analysis suggest that oil generation began in Ordovician time and continued through the Jurassic in the deepest part of the basin. At the present stage of exploration, the Hunton Megagroup (Silurian-Devonian) is recommended as the primary pre-Mississippian drilling target. However, understanding the interplay of the pre-Middle Devonian unconformity with contemporaneous paleotopographic-paleobathymetric expression of prospective features is critical to successful Hunton porosity prediction. This interplay is demonstrated at Centralia and Sandoval fields, Clinton and Marion counties, Illinois.

  10. Isolation and characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi from Illinois Ixodes dammini.

    PubMed

    Nelson, J A; Bouseman, J K; Kitron, U; Callister, S M; Harrison, B; Bankowski, M J; Peeples, M E; Newton, B J; Anderson, J F

    1991-08-01

    Ixodes dammini ticks from two northwestern Illinois sites were found to be infected with Borrelia burgdorferi at rates of 19 and 32%. B. burgdorferi isolates, one from each site, had protein and antigenic patterns similar to those of the B-31 strain. An indirect immunofluorescence method proved to be more sensitive than dark-field microscopy in detection of these spirochetes. A modified BSK medium containing rifampin was found to be more efficient for spirochete isolation than unsupplemented BSK medium. PMID:1761698

  11. Knight Hawk adapts highwall mining for Southern Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Buchsbaum, L.

    2007-10-15

    A few years ago while planning their first underground operation and trying to decide how to mine shallow seams, Knight Hawk purchased a 'Superior Highwall Miner' (SHM). Since then this small innovative company has been pioneering the use of highwall mining in a trenching application in for example the Illinois Basin. Highwall mining is very suitable for contour mining in Appalachia. The article discusses the recent improvements and the advantages of SHM mining systems. 3 photos.

  12. Site characteristics of Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, Y.W.

    1995-01-01

    This report reviews the geology and topography of the Argonne National Laboratory, near Lemont, Illinois. It describes the thickness and stratigraphy of soils, glacial till, and bedrock in and adjacent to the laboratory and support facilities. Seismic surveys were also conducted through the area to help determine the values of seismic wave velocities in the glacial till which is important in determining the seismic hazard of the area. Borehole log descriptions are summarized along with information on area topography.

  13. Dredged Illinois River Sediments: Plant Growth and Metal Uptake

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Darmody, R.G.; Marlin, J.C.; Talbott, J.; Green, R.A.; Brewer, E.F.; Stohr, C.

    2004-01-01

    Sedimentation of the Illinois River in central Illinois has greatly diminished the utility and ecological value of the Peoria Lakes reach of the river. Consequently, a large dredging project has been proposed to improve its wildlife habitat and recreation potential, but disposal of the dredged sediment presents a challenge. Land placement is an attractive option. Previous work in Illinois has demonstrated that sediments are potentially capable of supporting agronomic crops due to their high natural fertility and water holding capacity. However, Illinois River sediments have elevated levels of heavy metals, which may be important if they are used as garden or agricultural soil. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to determine if these sediments could serve as a plant growth medium. A secondary objective was to determine if plants grown on sediments accumulated significant heavy metal concentrations. Our results indicated that lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), radish (Raphanus sativus L.), tomato (Lycopersicon lycopersicum L.), and snap bean (Phaseolus vulagaris L. var. humillis) grown in sediment and a reference topsoil did not show significant or consistent differences in germination or yields. In addition, there was not a consistent statistically significant difference in metal content among tomatoes grown in sediments, topsoil, or grown locally in gardens. In the other plants grown on sediments, while Cd and Cu in all cases and As in lettuce and snap bean were elevated, levels were below those considered excessive. Results indicate that properly managed, these relatively uncontaminated calcareous sediments can make productive soils and that metal uptake of plants grown in these sediments is generally not a concern.

  14. Tertiary and Quaternary tectonic faulting in southernmost Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nelson, W.J.; Denny, F.B.; Devera, J.A.; Follmer, L.R.; Masters, J.M.

    1997-01-01

    Tertiary and/or Quaternary tectonic faulting is documented in three areas of southernmost Illinois: the Fluorspar Area Fault Complex (FAFC) in Pope and Massac Counties, the Ste. Genevieve Fault Zone (SGFZ) in Alexander and Union Counties, and the Commerce Fault Zone (CFZ) in Alexander County. In the FAFC, faults that strike NE and NNE displace Mounds Gravel (late Miocene to early Pleistocene) and, locally, the Metropolis terrace gravel (Pleistocene; pre-Woodfordian). No Woodfordian or younger deposits are deformed. Faults typically outline narrow, linear grabens that formed under tension with a component of strike slip. North-south to NW-trending vertical faults near the southeast end of the SGFZ displace Eocene sediments. Again, faults outline narrow grabens and show indications of strike slip. Deformed Quaternary sediments have not been observed. The CFZ, which trends northeast, displaces Mounds Gravel in Illinois and units as young as Peoria Silt (Woodfordian) in Missouri. Quaternary movement has been interpreted as right-lateral strike-slip. The CFZ coincides with a subtle gravity and magnetic lineament and seems to reflect a major feature in the basement. Surface expression in Illinois is subtle, but mafic and ultramafic intrusions, hydrothermal alteration and small faults align with the Commerce geophysical lineament. Earthquake foci in Missouri and Illinois lie on or close to the CFZ; some focal mechanisms fit the fault trend. Among these structures, only the CFZ exhibits slip that conforms to the current stress field (principal compressive stress axis E-W to ENE-WSW). Possibly, the stress field changed during Neogene time. Alternatively, high fluid pressures or local stress concentrations may have induced slip on less favorably oriented fractures. Tighter constraints are needed on timing, magnitude, and direction of Neogene displacement. ?? 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

  15. Wagon loads of sand blows in White County, Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hough, S.E.; Bilham, R.; Mueller, K.; Stephenson, W.; Williams, R.; Odum, J.

    2005-01-01

    Several anecdotal accounts provide compelling evidence that liquefaction occurred at several sites in Illinois during the 1811-1812 New Madrid sequence, as much as 250 km north of the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ). At one Wabash Valley location, sand blows are still evident near Big Prairie, Illinois, a location described in a particularly detailed and precise historic account. This account includes descriptions of substantial liquefaction (sand blows) as well as a two-mile-long east-west-trending "crack" along which two feet of south-side-down displacement occurred. An offset can no longer be seen at this location, which has been extensively farmed and plowed for decades. Field reconnaissance verifies many of the details provided in the account, however. We conducted a seismic-reflection experiment at this location and observed a modest offset in the Paleozoic strata at this location. The offset is opposite to that described in the historic account, consistent with the hypothesis that large midcontinent earthquakes occur on faults reactivated in a Holocene stress regime different from the one in which they were formed. Only two explanations can account for these observations: Either large NMSZ events triggered substantial liquefaction at distances greater than hitherto realized, or at least one large "New Madrid" event occurred significantly north of the NMSZ. We explore these possibilities and conclude that, while neither one can be ruled out, several disparate lines of evidence suggest that the 23 January 1812 "New Madrid mainshock" occurred in White County, Illinois, near the location of the mb 5.5 1968 southern Illinois earthquake and recent microearthquake activity.

  16. Real-time continuous nitrate monitoring in Illinois in 2013

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Warner, Kelly L.; Terrio, Paul J.; Straub, Timothy D.; Roseboom, Donald; Johnson, Gary P.

    2013-01-01

    Many sources contribute to the nitrogen found in surface water in Illinois. Illinois is located in the most productive agricultural area in the country, and nitrogen fertilizer is commonly used to maximize corn production in this area. Additionally, septic/wastewater systems, industrial emissions, and lawn fertilizer are common sources of nitrogen in urban areas of Illinois. In agricultural areas, the use of fertilizer has increased grain production to meet the needs of a growing population, but also has resulted in increases in nitrogen concentrations in many streams and aquifers (Dubrovsky and others, 2010). The urban sources can increase nitrogen concentrations, too. The Federal limit for nitrate nitrogen in water that is safe to drink is 10 milligrams per liter (mg/L) (http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/basicinformation/nitrate.cfm, accessed on May 24, 2013). In addition to the concern with nitrate nitrogen in drinking water, nitrogen, along with phosphorus, is an aquatic concern because it feeds the intensive growth of algae that are responsible for the hypoxic zone in the Gulf of Mexico. The largest nitrogen flux to the waters feeding the Gulf of Mexico is from Illinois (Alexander and others, 2008). Most studies of nitrogen in surface water and groundwater include samples for nitrate nitrogen collected weekly or monthly, but nitrate concentrations can change rapidly and these discrete samples may not capture rapid changes in nitrate concentrations that can affect human and aquatic health. Continuous monitoring for nitrate could inform scientists and water-resource managers of these changes and provide information on the transport of nitrate in surface water and groundwater.

  17. Monitoring of green infrastructure at The Grove in Bloomington, Illinois

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Roseboom, Donald P.; Straub, Timothy D.

    2013-01-01

    The City of Bloomington, Illinois, restored Kickapoo Creek to a more natural state by incorporating green infrastructure—specifically flood-plain reconnection, riparian wetlands, meanders, and rock riffles—at a 90-acre park within The Grove residential development. A team of State and Federal agencies and contractors are collecting data to monitor the effectiveness of this stream restoration in improving water quality and stream habitat. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is collecting and analyzing water resources data; Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) is collecting fish population data; Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) is collecting macroinvertebrates and riparian habitat data; and Prairie Engineers of Illinois, P.C., is collecting vegetation data. The data collection includes conditions upstream, within, and downstream of the development and restoration. The 480-acre development was designed by the Farnsworth Group to reduce peak stormwater flows by capturing runoff in the reconnected flood plains with shallow wetland basins. Also, an undersized park bridge was built at the downstream end of the park to pass the 20-percent annual exceedance probability flows (historically referred to as the 5-year flood), but detain larger floods. This design also helps limit sediment deposition from sediments transported in the drainage ditches in the upper 9,000 acres of agricultural row crops. Maintaining sediment-transport capacity minimizes sediment deposition in the restored stream segments, which reduces the loss of riparian and wetland-plant communities and instream habitat. Two additional goals of the restoration were to reduce nutrient loads and maintain water quality to support a diverse community of biotic species. Overall, 2 miles of previously managed agricultural-drainage ditches of Kickapoo Creek were restored, and the park landscape maximizes the enhancement of native riparian, wetland, and aquatic species for the park’s trail

  18. Reservoir potential in Lower Devonian strata of Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Whitaker, S.T. )

    1989-08-01

    Lower Devonian strata have considerable potential for hydrocarbon reserves in the Illinois basin; however, there has not yet been a major exploration effort for Lower Devonian reservoirs in the basin, nor has an adequate model been developed to explain distribution of these reservoirs. Due to the lack of exploration, production from these strata is presently limited to a few fields in south-central and southwestern Illinois. A review of data available at the Illinois State Geological Survey indicates that most Lower Devonian production in Illinois is from dolomitized cherty limestones in the Clear Creek Formation and Grassy Knob Chert. Minor production has also been noted in similar facies in the Bailey Limestone. Reservoir development within these strata is caused by dolomitization of slightly porous limestone beds and occurs in proximity to the beds' subcrop at the sub-Kaskaskia (pre-Middle Devonian) unconformity. The best reservoir development appears to be along paleotopographic highs on the Lower Devonian surface. Traps are most commonly formed where porous dolomitic beds, truncated at the sub-Kaskaskia unconformity are underlain by tight cherty limestones and overlain by tight Middle Devonian carbonates. Traps may also be formed downdip from porosity truncations where trends of porous Lower Devonian strata coincide with structural closures. The geometry and distribution of known reservoirs and traps in Lower Devonian carbonates indicate there may be several productive fairways in the basin. Exploration for and exploitation of these plays will depend on an increased understanding of Lower Devonian strata utilizing exploration models such as the one presented here.

  19. Microscopic evidence of adenoviral infection in a muskrat in Illinois.

    PubMed

    Web, D M; Woods, L W

    2001-07-01

    A wild muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) found moribund in Illinois (USA) had minimal meningitis and pleuritis, probably of bacterial origin. There were large, basophilic, intranuclear inclusion bodies within scattered enterocytes. The inclusions were microscopically typical of those produced by adenoviruses, and ultrastructurally were intranuclear paracrystalline arrays of virus particles with characteristics of adenoviruses. The significance of the adenovirus infection in this muskrat is unknown. PMID:11504243

  20. Historical patterns of river stage and fish communities as criteria for operations of dams on the Illinois River

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Koel, T.M.; Sparks, R.E.

    2002-01-01

    The hydrologic regime of the Illinois River has been altered over the past 100 years. Locks and dams regulate water surface elevations and flow, enabling commercial navigation to continue year round. This study relates changes in water surface elevation to fish abundance in the river, and establishes target criteria for operating locks and dams. Using longterm records of daily river stage, we identified ecologically meaningful hydrological parameters for eight gage locations along the Illinois River. Inter-annual variability of a long-term fisheries dataset beginning in 1957 was related to variability in stage, flood and recession duration, frequency, timing, and rate of change of water levels. Reversals in water surface elevation, maximum stage levels, and lenght of the spring flood were the most important parameters influencing abundance of age-zero fishes in annual collections. Smallmouth buffalo (Ictiobus bubalus), black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus), freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunneins), and white bass (Morone chrysops) were most abundant in samples during years that approximated the natural water level regime. Of the 33 hydrologic parameters evaluated for the entire water year from an Illinois River gage site on La Grange Reach, all except average stage in January and Julian date (JD) of maximum stage had moderate or high hydrologic alteration based on the historical range of variation (RVA). The highest degree of hydrologic alteration was for minimum stage levels (1-day, 3-day, and 7-day), rate-of-rise, and rate-of-fall. Other parameters that have been severely altered were 30-day minimum stage, 90-day maximum stage, and the annual number of water level reversals. Operations of the La Grange and Peoria locks and dams could be modified so water level variability would approximate that of the late 1800s, when fish and wildlife resources were abundant. The water regime could be regulated to maintain navigation and improve conditions for native plants and