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Sample records for single institution retrospective

  1. Penile brachytherapy-Retrospective review of a single institution.

    PubMed

    Pimenta, Ana; Gutierrez, Cristina; Mosquera, David; Pera, Juan; Martínez, Evelyn; Londres, Bradley; Pino, Francisco; Moreno, Sergio; Garcia, Marc; Guedea, Ferran

    2015-01-01

    To analyze the results of exclusive brachytherapy (BT) to treat patients with penile squamous cell carcinoma confined to the glans or prepuce. Retrospective analysis of 25 patients treated for T1-T2 penile cancer with exclusive interstitial BT between July 1989 and March 2014 at our institution. Median followup was 9.2 years (range, 0-19). The mean patient age was 65.3 years (range, 51-80). Most patients underwent exclusive low-dose-rate BT (56%; n = 14) or pulsed-dose-rate BT (40%; n = 10). Only 1 patient received high-dose-rate BT (4%). The median prescribed dose was 60 Gy. Eight patients died during follow-up because of systemic progression (one case) and other intercurrent causes (seven cases). Two failures were recorded (one local and one regional), both at 4 months after BT. The remaining patients continued follow-up at our institution and maintained response. Two patients underwent partial phallectomy for toxicity. At the time of this report, 12 of the 25 patients are alive and free of disease. The most common late toxicities were telangiectasia, urethral stenosis, and atrophy, in 48%, 43%, and 17.4% of patients, respectively. BT with low dose rate/pulsed dose rate provides excellent locoregional control for small (≤4 cm) T1-T2 squamous cell carcinoma of the penile glans. Copyright © 2015 American Brachytherapy Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Perineal pain secondary to tethered cord syndrome: retrospective review of single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Robbins, J Will; Lundy, Paige A; Gard, Andrew P; Puccioni, Mark J

    2015-11-01

    Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) encompasses a spectrum of neurological dysfunction related to excessive tension on the distal spinal cord resulting in anatomic deformation and metabolic disturbance. Symptoms typically manifest as back/leg pain, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, constipation, sphincter abnormalities, and scoliosis. To date, among the least well-described symptoms of TCS is pain or hypersensitivity in the perineal region. The authors reviewed their experience with spinal cord detethering to identify and further characterize those who present with perineal pain or hypersensitivity. Cases of spinal cord detethering at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were initially identified by procedural codes. Cases were reviewed for presenting symptoms, specifically perineal pain or hypersensitivity. Magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings, clinical outcome, and length of follow-up were also noted. Of the 491 patients identified, seven patients (1.4%) were identified as having preoperative perineal pain or hypersensitivity. All of these patients had complete resolution of perineal pain/hypersensitivity at the time of last follow-up. Furthermore, five (71%) of these patients experienced resolution of all initial symptoms. Perineal pain or hypersensitivity can be an important symptom of spinal cord tethering. Spinal cord detethering may result in a good outcome and relief of perineal pain or hypersensitivity.

  3. Retrospective analysis of 140 cases of medullary thyroid carcinoma followed-up in a single institution

    PubMed Central

    SIMÕES-PEREIRA, JOANA; BUGALHO, MARIA JOÃO; LIMBERT, EDWARD; LEITE, VALERIANO

    2016-01-01

    Familial cases of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) may be diagnosed by genetic screening, while in sporadic tumors the diagnosis relies mainly on fine-needle aspiration cytology. The aim of the present study was to determine the demographic, clinical and pathological characteristics of MTC patients followed-up at the Portuguese Institute of Oncology Francisco Gentil (Lisbon, Portugal). For that purpose, a retrospective analysis of 140 MTC patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2010 was performed. The results indicated that patients with hereditary MTC (11.4%) were significantly younger than patients with sporadic MTC. Of the latter, 34.3% had no clinical suspicion of MTC prior to surgery. The sensitivity of cytology and calcitonin (CT) assay in diagnosing MTC were 51.3 and 98.7%, respectively. All familial index cases and 69.0% of sporadic cases presented with advanced stage disease at the time of diagnosis, while 73.0% of familial MTC detected by genetic/pentagastrin screening were diagnosed at the early stage of the disease. Biochemical cure (BC) was achieved in 39.7% of patients and, of these, only 6.5% relapsed. The 5 and 10-year survival rates were 79.3 and 73.6%, respectively. Age >45 years (P=0.026), advanced stage at diagnosis (P<0.001) and absence of BC (P<0.001) were predictors of a worse prognosis on univariate analysis. However, when the patients detected by genetic/pentagastrin screening were excluded from the analysis, age was no longer a prognostic factor, although disease stage remained a significant prognostic factor. On multivariate analysis, BC was the only factor with a significant impact on prognosis (P=0.031). In addition, the present study confirmed that the majority of patients were diagnosed at advanced stages, and CT determination was observed to be more sensitive than cytology to diagnose MTC. Patients at early stages were more prone to achieve BC, which was a favorable prognostic factor. To the best of our knowledge, the present study

  4. A Retrospective Analysis of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Revision Cases of a Single Institute

    PubMed Central

    Park, Man-Kyu; Kim, Myungsoo; Park, Ki-Su; Park, Seong-Hyun; Hwang, Jeong-Hyun

    2015-01-01

    Objective Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt complication is a major obstacle in the management of hydrocephalus. To study the differences of VP shunt complications between children and adults, we analyzed shunt revision surgery performed at our hospital during the past 10 years. Methods Patients who had undergone shunt revision surgery from January 2001 to December 2010 were evaluated retrospectively by chart review about age distribution, etiology of hydrocephalus, and causes of revision. Patients were grouped into below and above 20 years old. Results Among 528 cases of VP shunt surgery performed in our hospital over 10 years, 146 (27.7%) were revision surgery. Infection and obstruction were the most common causes of revision. Fifty-one patients were operated on within 1 month after original VP shunt surgery. Thirty-six of 46 infection cases were operated before 6 months after the initial VP shunt. Incidence of shunt catheter fracture was higher in younger patients compared to older. Two of 8 fractured catheters in the younger group were due to calcification and degradation of shunt catheters with fibrous adhesion to surrounding tissue. Conclusion The complications of VP shunts were different between children and adults. The incidence of shunt catheter fracture was higher in younger patients. Degradation of shunt catheter associated with surrounding tissue calcification could be one of the reasons of the difference in facture rates. PMID:26113963

  5. Outcomes of labor epidural analgesia among women aged over 40: A single-institution retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Okazaki, Atsuko; Fukushima, Risa; Nagashima, Sayuri; Mazda, Yusuke; Tamura, Kazumi; Terui, Katsuo; Tanaka, Motoshi

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of labor epidural analgesia (LEA) on maternal and neonatal outcomes among parturients aged 40 years or older. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all laboring, singleton and cephalic deliveries at ≥36 weeks' gestation at the Saitama Medical Center from April 2003 to September 2012. Women aged ≥40 years who received LEA (≥40 with LEA group) were compared with women aged ≥40 years who delivered without LEA (≥40 without LEA group) and women <40 years who received LEA (<40 with LEA group). Extracted outcomes included mode of delivery, oxytocin augmentation, duration of labor, amount of estimated blood loss, umbilical artery pH, Apgar scores, and neonatal intensive care unit admission. This study included 4441 women. There were 74 women in the ≥40 with LEA group, 369 in the ≥40 without LEA group, and 601 in the <40 with LEA group. The maternal outcomes of emergency cesarean delivery rate (9.5%, 12.5%, 9.0%), instrumental delivery rate (33.8%, 10.3%, 28.3%), duration of labor (521 min, 321 min, 565 min), and estimated blood loss (524 g, 351 g, 412 g) were reported for the ≥40 with LEA, ≥40 without LEA, and <40 with LEA groups, respectively. Neonatal outcomes were not different between these groups. LEA use was not associated with emergency cesarean delivery in the multivariable analysis. Our study showed that parturients aged ≥40 with LEA can expect similar LEA-associated labor outcomes to younger parturients with LEA. © 2016 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  6. Platinum desensitization in patients with carboplatin hypersensitivity: A single-institution retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Altwerger, Gary; Gressel, Gregory M; English, Diana P; Nelson, Wendelin K; Carusillo, Nina; Silasi, Dan-Arin; Azodi, Masoud; Santin, Alessandro; Schwartz, Peter E; Ratner, Elena S

    2017-01-01

    The carboplatin desensitization (CD) protocol presented here allows patients with either a positive skin test or a prior hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) to safely, rapidly and effectively continue with carboplatin infusions. Newly described factors can identify patients at risk for developing adverse events during CD. A retrospective review was performed on patients with gynecologic cancer who underwent CD between 2005 and 2014. The CD protocol uses a four-step dilution process over 3.5h. 129 patients underwent CD and completed a total of 788cycles. The desensitization protocol prevented HSRs in 96% (753 out of 788) of these cycles. Patients achieved an average of 6.1cycles (SD±4.55, range 0-23) with CD. The CD protocol allowed 73% (94 of 129) of the patients to undergo carboplatin infusion without reaction. Patients with moderate to life-threatening HSRs (grade 2 through 4) were 10.5years younger at initial CD than patients with grades 0 or 1 HSRs (52.3 vs. 63, P = 0.0307). One patient death occurred during her thirteenth desensitization cycle. The HSR in this case was complicated by pre-exisiting pulmonary hypertension. This is the largest study of its kind showing a safe, effective and rapid (3.5h) CD protocol. The majority of patients with a history of either carboplatin hypersensitivity reaction or a positive skin test completed the CD protocol without HSRs. Age was identified as a risk factor for HSR severity during CD. Age can be employed along with pre-load dependent cardiac conditions as a way to help risk stratify patients undergoing CD. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Re-irradiation for locoregionally recurrent tumors of the thorax: a single-institution, retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Sumita, Kiyomi; Harada, Hideyuki; Asakura, Hirofumi; Ogawa, Hirofumi; Onoe, Tsuyoshi; Murayama, Shigeyuki; Nakamura, Satoaki; Tanigawa, Noboru; Takahashi, Toshiaki; Nishimura, Tetsuo

    2016-08-02

    Re-irradiation (re-RT) of the thorax is challenging due to the impact of prior therapies on normal tissues, and there are few reports of definitive re-RT. The treatment toxicities and efficacy of re-RT are not well known. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of definitive re-RT of the thorax. Patients who were treated with thoracic re-RT between March 2007 and December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Primary and re-irradiation plans were required to have an overlap of dose distributions for the 80 % isodose level. All doses were recalculated to an equivalent dose of 2 Gy per fraction (EQD2). When possible, analysis of dose accumulation was carried out using the medical image merge (MIM) (®) software program (version 6.5, MIM Software Inc., Cleveland, OH). Administration dosages for organs at risk were defined. Fourteen (67 %) and seven (33 %) patients with non-small cell carcinoma (NSCLC) and small cell carcinoma (SCLC), respectively, were identified. The patients' median age was 72 (range 53-85) years. Fifteen patients (71 %) had "proximal" tumors, defined as tumors at the distal 2 cm of the trachea, carina, and main bronchi. The median interval from initial RT to re-RT was 26.8 (range 11.4-92.3) months. Re-RT was delivered by X-ray beam and proton beam therapy in 20 (95 %) patients and 1 (5 %) patient, respectively. The median radiation dose of re-RT was 60 (range 54-87.5) Gy10 and 50 (range 50.0-87.5) Gy10 for patients with NSCLC and SCLC, respectively. Grade 3 acute radiation pneumonitis occurred in only one patient. There were no other serious complications. The median follow-up time was 22.1 (range 2.3-56.4) months. The median local progression-free survival time (LPFS) and overall survival time (OS) were 12.9 (95 % confidence interval (CI): 8.9-27.9) months and 31.4 (95 % CI: 16.9-45.9) months, respectively. Patients receiving ≥ 60 Gy10 at re-RT had longer LPFS (p = 0.04). Good safety with longer OS than in previous

  8. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt for Treatment of Cirrhosis-related Chylothorax and Chylous Ascites: Single-institution Retrospective Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Kikolski, Steven G. Aryafar, Hamed Rose, Steven C.; Roberts, Anne C.; Kinney, Thomas B.

    2013-08-01

    PurposeTo investigate the efficacy and safety of the use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation to treat cirrhosis-related chylous collections (chylothorax and chylous ascites).MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed data from four patients treated for refractory cirrhosis-related chylous collections with TIPS at our institution over an 8 year period.ResultsOne patient had chylothorax, and three patients had concomitant chylothorax and chylous ascites. There were no major complications, and the only procedure-related complications occurred in two patients who had mild, treatable hepatic encephalopathy. All patients had improvement as defined by decreased need for thoracentesis or paracentesis, with postprocedure follow-up ranging from 19 to 491 days.ConclusionTIPS is a safe procedure that is effective in the treatment of cirrhosis-related chylous collections.

  9. Role of Palliative Radiotherapy in the Management of Metastatic Pediatric Neuroblastoma: A Retrospective Single-Institution Study

    SciTech Connect

    Caussa, Lucas; Hijal, Tarek; Michon, Jean; Helfre, Sylvie

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood, and metastatic disease occurs in a majority of patients. Although radiotherapy (RT) plays an important role in the management of metastatic disease, data on the effectiveness of palliative RT, in this setting, is scarce. Methods and Materials: A retrospective review of the outcome of palliative RT in children with metastatic neuroblastoma was conducted at the Institut Curie. Results: Thirty-four children with 69 metastatic sites received palliative RT between 2000 and 2009. Sites of disease were grouped according to location, and there were 19 soft tissue, 38 bone, 9 central nervous system (CNS), and 3 hepatic metastases. Mean RT doses for the four groups were 19.6 Gy, 17.6 Gy, 17 Gy, and 5 Gy, respectively. Median survivals after RT were 27 days, 43 days, 29 days, and 27 days, respectively, for an overall median survival of 29.5 days. For the soft tissue metastases, good response was defined as a decrease >25% in the tumor mass or any decrease in pain; the response rate was 84.2%. Furthermore, a dose 15 Gy or more significantly increased response rate (100% vs. 57%; p = 0.038), compared with a dose smaller than 15 Gy. For the bone group and CNS metastases group, the overall response rates were 63.2% and 44%, respectively. A trend toward dose-response relationship was seen for the bone but not the CNS group. Conclusion: Good response rates are achieved with palliative RT for symptomatic metastatic pediatric neuroblastoma, but survival is dismal.

  10. Endocrine-related adverse events following ipilimumab in patients with advanced melanoma: a comprehensive retrospective review from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Ryder, Mabel; Callahan, Margaret; Postow, Michael A; Wolchok, Jedd; Fagin, James A

    2014-04-01

    Novel immune checkpoint blockade with ipilimumab, an antibody blocking the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4), is revolutionizing cancer therapy. However, ipilimumab induces symptomatic, sometimes severe, endocrine immune-related adverse events (irAEs) that are inconsistently recognized and reported. The objective of this review was to comprehensively characterize the incidence, presentation, and management of endocrinopathies following ipilimumab therapy in a single center that is highly specialized in immune checkpoint blockade. We carried out a retrospective analysis of endocrine irAEs in melanoma patients receiving ipilimumab therapy in clinical trials between 2007 and 2013. A total of 256 patients were included in this analysis. We reviewed pituitary-, thyroid-, and adrenal-related hormone test results, as well as radiographic studies and the clinical histories of patients, to identify and characterize cases of hypophysitis, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis, and adrenal dysfunction. Following ipilimumab therapy, the overall incidence of hypophysitis was 8% and that of hypothyroidism/thyroiditis 6%. Primary adrenal dysfunction was rare. Therapy with a combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab, an anti-programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1, also called PD1) receptor antibody, was associated with a 22% incidence of either thyroiditis or hypothyroidism and a 9% incidence of hypophysitis. Symptomatic relief, in particular, for hypophysitis, was achieved in all patients with hormone replacement, although endogenous hormone secretion rarely recovered. In summary, we observed that CTLA4 blockade alone, and in particular in combination with PD1 blockade, is associated with an increased risk of symptomatic, sometimes severe, hypophysitis as well as thyroid dysfunction. Prompt initiation with hormone replacement reverses symptoms. Evaluation and reporting of endocrine irAEs in clinical trials should be done using standardized diagnostic criteria and terminology.

  11. The Prognostic Impact of Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) in Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Following Curative Hepatectomy: A Retrospective Single Institution Study.

    PubMed

    Miyata, Tatsunori; Yamashita, Yo-Ichi; Higashi, Takaaki; Taki, Katsunobu; Izumi, Daisuke; Kosumi, Keisuke; Tokunaga, Ryuma; Nakagawa, Shigeki; Okabe, Hirohisa; Imai, Katsunori; Hashimoto, Daisuke; Chikamoto, Akira; Baba, Hideo

    2017-09-08

    Several studies have examined controlling nutritional status (CONUT), which is one of the useful biomarkers for predicting patients' prognosis following cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of CONUT as a postoperative prognostic marker in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) following curative hepatectomy. We retrospectively analyzed 71 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for ICC between May 2002 and November 2016. Patients were divided into two groups according to their preoperative CONUT score (i.e., CONUT ≧ 2 or CONUT < 2). The number of patients assigned to the normal, mild, moderate, or severe malnutrition groups was 40, 28, two, and one, respectively. The high CONUT group (CONUT ≧ 2) consisted of 31 patients (43.7%) and had a poor prognosis with regard to overall survival (OS) (p = 0.0149). A high CONUT score is also identified as one of the independent predictors of poor prognosis in OS (hazard ratio 3.02; 95% confidence interval 1.4-6.8; p = 0.007). However, in the current study, a high CONUT score was not associated with postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≧ III or more). CONUT may be useful for the preoperative assessment of prognosis in patients with ICC who have undergone curative hepatectomy.

  12. Pretreatment of Depression Before Cervical Spine Surgery Improves Patients' Perception of Postoperative Health Status: A Retrospective, Single Institutional Experience.

    PubMed

    Elsamadicy, Aladine A; Adogwa, Owoicho; Cheng, Joseph; Bagley, Carlos

    2016-03-01

    Previous research has indicated that postoperative pain and functional outcomes are influenced by affective disorders, especially depression. The aim of this retrospective analysis is to assess whether pretreatment of depression before surgery improved patient-reported outcomes measures and overall satisfaction with care. A total of 140 adult patients (pretreated patients: 25; control patients: 115) underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion at Duke University Medical Center were included in this study. Of the 140 patients, 25 patients had a known history of depression diagnosed and treated by a board-certified psychiatrist with an antidepressant at least 6 months before surgery. Enrollment criteria included available demographic, surgical, medication, and clinical outcome data. Patients completed the Neck Disability Index (NDI), Short Form-12 (SF-12), and visual analog scale (VAS) before surgery, then at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. Clinical outcomes were compared between both patient cohorts. Baseline characteristics were similar between both cohorts. At baseline there were no significant differences in NDI (P = 0.11), SF-12 physical component score (PCS; P = 0.63), and neck pain VAS (P = 0.80). There were no significant differences in the incidence of nerve root injury (P = 0.00) or durotomy (P = 0.31) between the treatment and control cohorts. At 1 year postoperatively, both cohorts demonstrated similar improvement in neck pain VAS (P = 0.92), NDI (P = 0.32), SF-12 PCS (P = 0.15), and SF-12 mental component score (P = 0.38). These results were durable through 2 years. At 2 years, both the demonstrated similar improvement from baseline in neck pain VAS (P = 0.88), NDI (P = 0.43), SF-12 PCS (P = 0.28), and SF-12 mental component score (P = 0.40). Our study suggests that in patients with depression, pretreatment with antidepressants before surgery significantly improves their perception and pain and functional disability. Copyright © 2016

  13. Alternative Dose for Choroidal Melanoma Treated With an Iodine-125 Radioactive Plaque: A Single-Institution Retrospective Study

    SciTech Connect

    Saconn, Paul A.; Gee, Christopher J.; Greven, Craig M.; McCoy, Thomas P.; Ekstrand, Kenneth E.; Greven, Kathryn M.

    2010-11-01

    Purpose: The Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) established iodine-125 plaque brachytherapy as an accepted standard treatment for medium-size choroidal melanoma. In the COMS, the prescription dose was 85 Gy. This is a retrospective review of our outcomes in patients treated with lower doses than those used in the COMS. Methods and Materials: From 1990 to 2004, 62 patients were treated with iodine-125 plaque brachytherapy for choroidal melanoma. COMS eye plaques were used with dose prescribed to the apex of the tumor. The median and average dose rates at the tumor apex were 63.5 cGy/h and 62.7 cGy/h, respectively. The median and average total doses were 63.0 Gy and 62.5 Gy (range, 56-69 Gy), respectively. The median and mean durations of implant were 100.0 hours and 101.1 hours (range, 71-165 hours). Results: Median follow-up time was 58.2 months. The 5-year outcomes including overall survival, disease-free survival, cause-specific survival, local failure, secondary enucleation rate, and visual acuity (VA) <20/200 were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Overall, there were 7 local failures, 4 distant failures, and 10 secondary enucleations (6 due to local failure and 4 due to treatment complications). Univariate analysis was performed to identify significant prognostic factors associated with disease-free survival (baseline VA in tumor eye, tumor shape), cause-specific survival (diabetic retinopathy), local failure (none found), secondary enucleation rate (diabetic retinopathy, basal tumor dimension) and VA <20/200 (diabetic retinopathy, tumor shape, age, retinal detachment, treatment depth, and history of vision-limiting condition). Conclusions: Our survival and local control outcomes are comparable to those of the COMS. However, VA at 5 years seems to be better. Lower doses of radiation could potentially lead to better visual outcomes.

  14. A retrospective review of acupuncture use for the treatment of pain in sickle cell disease patients: descriptive analysis from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Lu, Kit; Cheng, Mok-Chung Jennifer; Ge, Xiaoying; Berger, Ann; Xu, Dihua; Kato, Gregory J; Minniti, Caterina P

    2014-09-01

    This retrospective study describes the use of acupuncture for adult sickle cell patients in a single institution. We identified 47 sickle cell disease patients referred for acupuncture at the National Institutes of Health between January 2005 and September 2011. All patients were enrolled in a Study of the Natural History of sickle cell disease and signed consent. We reviewed patient demographics, location of acupuncture treatment sessions (inpatient vs. outpatient), number of sessions received, sites of pain, patient pain reporting, and the use of other complementary therapies. Of the 47 patients (60% women, median age 36 y) referred for acupuncture, 42 had homozygous SS disease (89%) and 5 had SC disease (11%). Over half of the patients (51%) reported >3 sites of pain. Only 24 patients (51%) underwent acupuncture treatment. Of those who elected not to receive acupuncture, a majority (87%) accepted some other forms of complementary therapies. Nine patients underwent only inpatient acupuncture for acute vaso-occlusive crisis. Eleven patients received only outpatient acupuncture treatment for chronic pain, and 4 patients received both inpatient and outpatient treatments. For the patients who received inpatient acupuncture treatment for acute vaso-occlusive crisis, there was a significant reduction of reported pain score immediately after acupuncture treatment with an average pain reduction of 2.1 points on the numeric pain scale (P<0.0001). Excluding the 2 outliers, 75% of patients (n=13) in the outpatient setting described their pain as improved compared with prior session. To our knowledge, this is the largest retrospective review of acupuncture use in the sickle cell population. This analysis describes the use of acupuncture and raises the possibility of its use as an adjuvant for pain management in this population. Future clinical trials are needed to evaluate acupuncture's efficacy and effectiveness for pain management in different treatment settings and for

  15. A retrospective review of acupuncture use for the treatment of pain in sickle cell disease patients: Descriptive analysis from a single institution

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Kit; Cheng, M. Jennifer; Ge, Xiaoying; Berger, Ann; Xu, Dihua; Kato, Gregory J.; Minniti, Caterina P

    2014-01-01

    Objectives This retrospective study describes the use of acupuncture for adult sickle cell patients in a single institution. Methods We identified 47 sickle cell disease (SCD) patients referred for acupuncture at the National Institutes of Health between January, 2005 and September, 2011. All patients were enrolled in a Study of the Natural History of SCD and signed consent. We reviewed patient demographics, location of acupuncture treatment sessions (inpatient versus outpatient), number of sessions received, sites of pain, patient pain reporting, and the use of other complementary therapies. Results Of the 47 patients (60% women, median age 36 years) referred for acupuncture, 42 had homozygous SS disease (89%) and 5 had SC disease (11%). Over half of the patients (51%) reported more than 3 sites of pain. Only 24 patients (51%) underwent acupuncture treatment. Of those who elected not to receive acupuncture, a majority (87%) accepted some other forms of complementary therapies. Nine patients underwent only inpatient acupuncture for acute vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC). Eleven patients received only outpatient acupuncture treatment for chronic pain, and four patients received both inpatient and outpatient treatments. For the patients who received inpatient acupuncture treatment for acute VOC, there was a significant reduction of reported pain score immediately after acupuncture treatment with an average pain reduction of 2.1 points on the numeric pain scale (p< 0.0001). Excluding the two outliers, 75% of patients (n=13) in the outpatient setting described their pain as improved compared to prior session. Discussion To our knowledge, this is the largest retrospective review of acupuncture use in the sickle cell population. This analysis describes the use of acupuncture and raises the possibility of its use as an adjuvant for pain management in this population. Future clinical trials are needed to evaluate acupuncture’s efficacy and effectiveness for pain management in

  16. Trajectory of chemotherapy for patients with EGFR wild-type advanced pulmonary adenocarcinoma: a single-institution retrospective study

    PubMed Central

    Minami, Seigo; Ogata, Yoshitaka; Ihara, Shouichi; Yamamoto, Suguru; Komuta, Kiyoshi

    2017-01-01

    Background Pulmonary adenocarcinoma, recently benefited by new cytotoxic and molecularly targeted drugs, has been classified by driver mutations, such as EGFR mutations. The aim of this study was to research the proportions of patients treated with first- to third-line chemotherapy and to find influential factors for the introduction of chemotherapy and survival benefit from chemotherapy. Materials and methods Data were collected retrospectively on patients who met the following criteria: adenocarcinoma, diagnosed between June 2007 and March 2015 at our hospital, stage IIIB or IV, and EGFR wild type. A nonchemotherapy group of patients who did not receive chemotherapy was compared with a chemotherapy group of patients who received it. The patients who had received first- to third-line chemotherapy between June 2007 and November 2015 at our hospital were also analyzed. Results During the study period, 46 patients did not receive chemotherapy, while 148, 89, and 48 received first-, second- and third-line chemotherapy, respectively. As predictive factors for unlikely chemotherapy, multivariate logistic analysis detected Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≥2, hemoglobin <13.2 g/dL, creatinine clearance (Ccr) <50.4 mL/min, and CRP ≥0.53 mg/dL. As factors predicting shorter survival after chemotherapy, multivariate Cox proportional-hazard analyses detected age ≥75 years, ECOG PS ≥2, lower lymphocyte counts, and higher CRP for the first line; female, higher neutrophil counts, lower lymphocyte counts, reduced Ccr, hyponatremia, and shorter interval between first- and second-line chemotherapy for the second line; and age ≥75 years, body mass index <18.5 kg/m2, higher neutrophil counts, lower lymphocyte counts, hyponatremia, higher lactate dehydrogenase, and higher CRP for the third line. Conclusion Approximately 76% of patients were treated with first-line chemotherapy. Of those patients, 61% and 34% proceeded to second- and third

  17. Semi-radical chemoradiotherapy for 53 esophageal squamous cell carcinomas with supraclavicular lymph node metastasis in a single institutional retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Yamashita, Mami; Takenaka, Hideomi Yamashita Ryousuke; Nakagawa, Keiichi

    2014-10-01

    Outcomes were examined for the cases that received radiotherapy (RT) for esophageal cancer with metastasis to supraclavicular lymph nodes (ScLN) in a single institutional retrospective study. Cases examined were 53 consecutive patients with pathologically confirmed esophageal cancer enrolled from our institution who received semi-radical RT from 2001 to 2013. Radiotherapy consisted of a total dose of from 50-50.4 Gy given in 25-28 fractions of 1.8-2.0 Gy with five fractions per week. The chemotherapy regimen included nedaplatin and 5-fluorouracil. All had ScLN metastasis, and all diseases were included in the RT field. The median follow up time was 42 months for survival patients. Overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) for 1-, 2-, and 3 years were 39%, 19%, and 12% and 14%, 9%, and 6%, respectively. Acute grade 3-5 esophagitis and neutropenia was seen in 11% and 81%, respectively. Late grade 3-5 toxicity in esophagus, lung, and heart was seen in 4%, 0%, and 0%. Five patients (9%) survived more than 4 year. Although the 2-year PFS was less than 10% and very poor, long term survival for over 4 year was seen in 9% cases. In other words, despite the poor results, the fact remains that some patients were cured with CRT.

  18. Factors Predictive of Improved Survival in Patients With Brain Metastases From Gynecologic Cancer: A Single Institution Retrospective Study of 47 Cases and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Gressel, Gregory M; Lundsberg, Lisbet S; Altwerger, Gary; Katchi, Tasleem; Azodi, Masoud; Schwartz, Peter E; Ratner, Elena S; Damast, Shari

    2015-11-01

    The reported incidence of brain metastasis from epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), endometrial cancer (EC), and cervical cancer (CC) is exceedingly rare. As the long-term survival for patients with gynecologic cancer increases, there has been a corresponding increase in the number of diagnosed intracranial metastases. We seek to report our experience with managing brain metastatic disease (BMD) in patients with gynecologic cancer. A retrospective review of all patients with EOC, EC, and CC at our institution revealed 47 patients with concurrent BMD between 2000 and 2013. Demographic data, risk factors, treatment modalities, progression-free data, and overall survival data were collected. Median survival time in patients with brain metastasis from EOC, EC, and CC was 9.0, 4.5, and 3.0 months, respectively. Two-year overall survival rates were 31.6%, 13.6%, and 0%, respectively. Patients received surgery, radiation therapy alone, palliative care, or radiation plus surgery. Radiation combined with surgical resection resulted in a significant hazards ratio of 0.36 (95% confidence interval, 0.15-0.86), compared with radiation alone. Our report provides a large single-institution experience of brain metastases from gynecologic cancer. Patients with BMD have poor prognoses; however, treatment with multimodal therapy including surgical resection and radiation may prolong overall survival.

  19. Anthracycline and concurrent radiotherapy as adjuvant treatment of operable breast cancer: a retrospective cohort study in a single institution

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) after breast surgery was investigated by few authors and remains controversial, because of concerns of toxicity with taxanes/anthracyclines and radiation. This treatment is not standard and is more commonly used for locally advanced breast cancer. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the concomitant use of anthracycline with radiotherapy (RT). Findings Four hundred women having operable breast cancer, treated by adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) and RT in concomitant way between January 2001 and December 2003, were included in this retrospective cohort study. The study compares 2 adjuvant treatments using CCRT, the first with anthracycline (group A) and the second with CMF (group B). The CT treatment was repeated every 21 days for 6 courses and the total delivered dose of RT was 50 Gy, divided as 2 Gy daily fractions. Locoregional recurrence free (LRFS), event free (EFS), and overall survivals (OS) were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The log-rank test was used to compare survival events. Multivariate Cox-regression was used to evaluate the relationship between patient characteristics, treatment and survival. In the 2 groups (A+B) (n = 400; 249 in group A and 151 in group B), the median follow-up period was 74.5 months. At 5 years, the isolated LRFS was significantly higher in group A compared to group B (98.7% vs 95.3%; hazard ratio [HR] = 0.258; 95% CI, 0.067 to 0.997; log-rank P = .034). In addition, the use of anthracycline regimens was associated with a higher rate of 5 years EFS (80.4% vs 75.1%; HR = 0.665; 95% CI, 0.455 to 1.016; log-rank P = .057). The 5 years OS was 83.2% and 79.2% in the anthracycline and CMF groups, respectively (HR = 0.708; 95% CI, 0.455 to 1.128; log-rank P = .143). Multivariate analysis confirmed the positive effect of anthracycline regimens on LRFS (HR = 0.347; 95% CI, 0.114 to 1.053; log-rank P = .062), EFS (HR = 0.539; 95% CI, 0.344 to 0.846; P = 0.012), and

  20. Determination of prognosis of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms with a simple clinical examination: Retrospective analysis of 71 patients in a single institution

    PubMed Central

    ITO, SHINICHI; TSUTSUMI, YUTAKA; OHIGASHI, HIROYUKI; SHIRATORI, SOUICHI; TESHIMA, TAKANORI

    2016-01-01

    Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocytosis (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), are clonal hematopoietic diseases. A single-institution retrospective analysis was performed, including 71 MPN patients diagnosed at the Hakodate Municipal Hospital between April, 2001 and April, 2014, and certain clinical characteristics were identified as effective prognostic factors. The patients were categorized by risk factor scoring based on age, number of abnormal blood cell lineages and splenomegaly at diagnosis, and the association between this categorization and prognosis was analyzed using a statistical procedure. The effect of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F mutation on prognosis was also investigated. The MPN patients were consolidated into three risk groups based on the margin of intergroup survival differences: i) Score 1–2 (n=23), ii) score 3 (n=24) and iii) score 4–5 (n=24). MPN patients with scores of 4 or 5 exhibited poorer overall survival (OS) compared with those with lower scores (P<0.001). In addition, there were significant differences in event-free survival (EFS) among scoring groups (P=0.0059). PV and ET had a better prognosis compared with PMF, although this analysis suggested that PV and ET patients with scores of 4 or 5 may have a poorer prognosis in terms of OS (P=0.0052) and EFS (P=0.022) and should be closely followed up. We observed no significant prognostic effect of the JAK2V167F mutation for OS (P=0.28) or EFS (P=0.17). Our results suggested that a simple scoring system based on age, blood cell counts and presence of splenomegaly at diagnosis may be used for the long-term prognosis of MPN patients. PMID:26870357

  1. A single institute retrospective trial of concurrent chemotherapy with SIR-Spheres(®) versus SIR-Spheres(®) alone in chemotherapy-resistant colorectal cancer liver metastases.

    PubMed

    Cho, May; Kessler, Jonathan; Park, John J; Lee, Aram; Gong, Jun; Singh, Gagandeep; Chen, Yi-Jen; Ituarte, Philip H G; Fakih, Marwan

    2017-08-01

    The use of selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium 90 resin microspheres (SIR-Spheres(®)) in chemotherapy-resistant colorectal cancer liver metastases has been associated with favorable progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival when given alone or concurrently with chemotherapy. We conducted a single institute retrospective trial to explore the potential impact of SIR-Spheres(®) with concurrent chemotherapy vs. SIR-Spheres(®) alone on liver PFS in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). Patients with 5-fluorouracil-refractory CRLM treated with SIR-Spheres(®) between 2009 and 2014 were identified. Patients were excluded if they received any chemotherapy/targeted regimen following radioembolization on which they did not previously progress. This strategy was adopted to minimize the impact of post-SIR-Spheres(®) systemic therapy bias on PFS. Twenty-seven patients satisfied inclusion criteria and were included in this analysis. Patients' demographics were similar between the two treatment arms, except for the median number of prior therapies. No associated ≥ grade 3 toxicities were noted. Liver disease control rates were 84% and 14% on the SIR-Spheres(®) plus chemotherapy arms and SIR-Spheres(®) alone arms, respectively (P=0.001). Median PFS in the liver was 176 days in the SIR-Spheres(®) plus chemotherapy group vs. 91 days in the SIR-Sphere(®) alone group (P=0.0009). Median overall survival was 212 days in the SIR-Spheres(®) plus chemotherapy group vs. 154 days in the SIR-Spheres(®) alone group (P=0.1023). In patients with 5-fluorouracil-refractory disease, SIR-Spheres(®) plus chemotherapy is associated with an increased liver disease control rate and a prolonged liver PFS in comparison with SIR-Spheres(®) alone.

  2. Retrospective analysis of a concurrent series of microscopic versus endoscopic transsphenoidal surgeries for Knosp Grades 0-2 nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Dallapiazza, Robert; Bond, Aaron E; Grober, Yuval; Louis, Robert G; Payne, Spencer C; Oldfield, Edward H; Jane, John A

    2014-09-01

    The object of this study was to compare surgical outcomes and complications in a contemporaneous series of patients undergoing either microscopic or endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas without imaging evidence of cavernous sinus invasion. This is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database from a single institution. Data were collected from patients whose surgery had occurred in the period from June 2010 to January 2013. Patients who underwent microscopic or endoscopic surgery for Knosp Grade 0, 1, or 2 nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas were included in the study. Patients who had clinically secreting or Knosp Grade 3 or 4 tumors and patients who were undergoing revision surgery were excluded from analysis. Eligible patient records were analyzed for outcomes and complications. Statistical analyses were performed on tumor volume, intraoperative factors, postoperative complications, and degree of resection on 1-year postoperative MRI. The results were used to compare the outcomes after microscopic and endoscopic approaches. Forty-three patients underwent microscopic transsphenoidal surgery, and 56 underwent endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery. There were no statistical differences in the intraoperative extent of resection or endocrinological complications. There were significantly more intraoperative CSF leaks in the endoscopic group (58% vs 16%); however, there was no difference in the incidence of postoperative CSF rhinorrhea (12% microscopic vs 7% endoscopic). Length of hospitalization was significantly shorter in patients undergoing an endoscopic approach (3.0 days vs 2.4 days). Two-month follow-up imaging was available in 95% of patients, and 75% of patients had 1-year follow-up imaging. At 2 months postprocedure, there was no evidence of residual tumor in 79% (31 of 39) and 85% (47 of 55) of patients in the microscopic and endoscopic groups, respectively. At 1 year postprocedure, 83% (25 of 30) of

  3. False negative rate for intraoperative sentinel lymph node frozen section in patients with breast cancer: a retrospective analysis of patients in a single Asian institution.

    PubMed

    Wong, Jolene; Yong, Wei Sean; Thike, Aye Aye; Iqbal, Jabed; Salahuddin, Ahmed Syed; Ho, Gay Hui; Madhukumar, Preetha; Tan, Benita Kiat Tee; Ong, Kong Wee; Tan, Puay Hoon

    2015-07-01

    Intraoperative frozen section of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) in clinically node negative breast cancer patients detects metastatic disease and enables axillary lymph node dissection to be performed in the same operative setting. Internationally, the false negative rate (FNR) for SLN biopsy ranges from 5.5% to 43%. The size of SLN metastasis has been identified as a key factor affecting FNR. We review our institutional experience on the accuracy of intraoperative SLN biopsy. Data were collected retrospectively from patients undergoing SLN biopsy performed at Singapore General Hospital. The SLN was identified using blue dye, radioisotope or both. Frozen section was performed intraoperatively. When SLN was positive for metastasis on frozen section, completion axillary clearance was performed. False negative cases were defined as patients in whom a negative frozen section result was obtained, whose final permanent paraffin section was positive. We determined the FNR of SLN frozen section and evaluated the factors associated with it. A total of 2202 SLN biopsies were performed between January 2005 and June 2012. There were 89 false negative cases, of which there were 23 (25.8%) cases of isolated tumour cells (ITCs), 49 (55.1%) cases of micrometastasis, and 17 (19.1%) cases of macrometastasis. The overall FNR was 13.5%. FNR was 79.3% in ITCs, 59.8% in micrometastasis, and 3.1% in macrometastatic disease. Non-ductal histological subtype, absence of lymphovascular invasion and the size of SLN metastasis were identified as significant independent factors associated with a higher FNR. FNRin our institution is acceptable when compared to other large centres. Failure to detect metastasis in frozen section in more than half of our patients was due to ITCs and micrometastasis. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  4. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale-Time Score Predicts Outcome after Endovascular Therapy in Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Retrospective Single-Center Study.

    PubMed

    Todo, Kenichi; Sakai, Nobuyuki; Kono, Tomoyuki; Hoshi, Taku; Imamura, Hirotoshi; Adachi, Hidemitsu; Kohara, Nobuo

    2016-05-01

    Outcomes after successful endovascular therapy in acute ischemic stroke are associated with onset-to-reperfusion time (ORT) and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. In intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator therapy, the NIHSS-time score, calculated by multiplying onset-to-treatment time with the NIHSS score, has been shown to predict clinical outcomes. In this study, we assessed whether a similar combination of the ORT and the NIHSS score can be applied to predict the outcomes after endovascular therapy. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 128 consecutive ischemic stroke patients with successful reperfusion after endovascular therapy. We analyzed the association of the ORT, the NIHSS score, and the NIHSS-time score with good outcome (modified Rankin Scale score ≤ 2 at 3 months). Good outcome rates for patients with NIHSS-time scores of 84.7 or lower, scores higher than 84.7 up to 127.5 or lower, and scores higher than 127.5 were 72.1%, 44.2%, and 14.3%, respectively (P < .01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the NIHSS-time score was an independent predictor of good outcomes (odds ratio, .372; 95% confidence interval, .175-.789) after adjusting for age, sex, internal carotid artery occlusion, plasma glucose level, ORT, and NIHSS score. The NIHSS-time score can predict good clinical outcomes after endovascular treatment. Copyright © 2016 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Incidence, risk factors, and treatment outcome of symptomatic osteonecrosis in Taiwanese children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a retrospective cohort study of 245 patients in a single institution.

    PubMed

    Chen, Shih-Hsiang; Chang, Tsung-Yen; Jaing, Tang-Her; Lee, Mel S; Wang, Chao-Jan; Hung, Iou-Jih; Yang, Chao-Ping

    2015-07-01

    Osteonecrosis (ON) is a potentially disabling complication encountered in children who receive chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Considering the possible effect of ethnic difference on the clinical features of symptomatic ON in pediatric ALL, we retrospectively evaluated 245 children with ALL who were treated at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, between 2002 and 2011. Six (2.4 %) patients developed symptomatic ON in a total of 17 sites during the follow-up period. Diagnosis of ON was confirmed by X-ray in seven, magnetic resonance imaging in two, and bone scan in three patients. The estimated cumulative incidence of symptomatic ON in newly diagnosed ALL was 3.4 % at 8 years. Four patients received ON-directed surgical interventions, including total hip replacement in three and arthroplasty in one. The incidence of ON was significantly higher among girls (P = 0.03), patients >10 years old (P = 2.2 × 10(-4)), and patients who had received more intensive chemotherapy regimen (P = 0.02). These results indicate that the incidence and risk factors in our institute were similar to those observed in Western countries. Future studies surveying the impact on the quality of life of childhood ALL survivors in Taiwan are warranted.

  6. Peculiarities and Patterns of Cervical Spine Injuries in Children and Adolescents: A Retrospective Series of 84 Patients from a Single Institute.

    PubMed

    Babu, R Arun; Arivazhagan, Arimappamagan; Devi, B Indira; Bhat, Dhananjaya I; Sampath, Somanna; Chandramouli, B A

    2016-01-01

    Cervical spine injuries occur infrequently in children but are associated with significant disability and mortality. A retrospective analysis was performed of 84 consecutive pediatric spine injuries treated at our institute from January 2002 to December 2011. The mean age was 14.7 years. There were 18 patients (21%) in group A (0-12 years) and 66 patients (79%) in group B (13-18 years). Overall, injury was more common in boys (ratio of 6:1). Trivial fall was the predominant cause in group A and fall from height in group B. There were 30 children (36%) with injuries of the upper cervical spine, 53 (63%) with injuries of the lower cervical spine and 1 patient (1%) with a combined injury of upper cervical spine and thoracic spine. Overall, 22% of the group A children and 67% of the group B patients had more severe injuries (Frankel grades A, B and C); 21% (18/84) were treated by surgical fusion. Where follow-up was available, 17 out of 22 children (77%) had good outcome (Frankel grade >C). In conclusion, mechanisms and patterns of injury in children are age related and the majority of the children had good outcome.

  7. Single-Institution Financial Analysis of Biologic Versus Synthetic Mesh Hernia Repair: A Retrospective Analysis of Patients Readmitted for Hernia Repair.

    PubMed

    Otake, Leo R; Satterwhite, Thomas; Echo, Anthony; Chiou, Grace; Lee, Gordon K

    2013-07-11

    The advent and proliferation of commercially available biologic mesh material has expanded the repertoire of hernia repair materials available to the surgeon. Given the higher initial cost of these mesh materials relative to synthetic materials such as polypropylene, there has been debate regarding the purported benefit of the use of biologic mesh. This study is a single-institution review of complex hernia repairs using both biologic and synthetic mesh materials. The patients included in the analyses were admitted to the institution at least twice for management of hernia; this permitted specific evaluation of a given diagnosis, hernia, in the same patient, but at different points in time. In a subset of patients, hernia repair was performed upon the second admission with conversion from biologic or synthetic mesh, which had been placed at the initial repair. The objective of this study was to evaluate the financial implications of mesh choice. Specific parameters reviewed included type of mesh used, total costs of hospitalization, direct cost associated with the hernia repair, total collections, and percentage of collections relative to total charges. Through such analysis, our aim was to determine whether there were any variances in revenue and costs associated with the application of either mesh material or the associated clinical scenarios.

  8. Ultrasound-Guided Radiological Placement of Central Venous Port via the Subclavian Vein: A Retrospective Analysis of 500 Cases at a Single Institute.

    PubMed

    Sakamoto, Notiaki; Arai, Yasuaki; Takeuchi, Yoshito; Takahashi, Mahahide; Tsurusaki, Masakatsu; Sugimuta, Kazuro

    2010-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the technical success rate and adverse events (AEs) associated with ultrasound (US)-guided radiological placement (RP) of a central venous port (CVP) via the subclavian vein (SCV). Between April 2006 and May 2007, a total of 500 US-guided RPs of a CVP via the SCV were scheduled in 486 cancer patients (mean age +/- SD, 54.1 +/- 18.1 years) at our institute. Referring to the interventional radiology report database and patients' records, technical success rate and AEs relevant to CVP placement were evaluated retrospectively. The technical success rate was 98.6% (493/500). AEs occurred in 26 cases (5.2%) during follow-up (range, 1-1080 days; mean +/- SD, 304.0 +/- 292.1 days). AEs within 24 h postprocedure occurred in five patients: pneumothorax (n = 2), arterial puncture (n = 1), hematoma formation at the pocket site (n = 2), and catheter tip migration into the internal mammary vein (n = 1). There were seven early AEs: hematoma formation at the pocket site (n = 2), fibrin sheath formation around the indwelling catheter (n = 2), and catheter-related infections (n = 3). There were 13 delayed AEs: catheter-related infections (n = 7), catheter detachments (n = 3), catheter occlusion (n = 1), symptomatic thrombus in the SCV (n = 1), and catheter migration (n = 1). No major AEs, such as procedure-related death, air embolism, or events requiring surgical intervention, were observed. In conclusion, US-guided RP of a CVP via the SCV is highly appropriate, based on its high technical success rate and the limited number of AEs.

  9. Ultrasound-Guided Radiological Placement of Central Venous Port via the Subclavian Vein: A Retrospective Analysis of 500 Cases at a Single Institute

    SciTech Connect

    Sakamoto, Noriaki Arai, Yasuaki Takeuchi, Yoshito Takahashi, Masahide Tsurusaki, Masakatsu; Sugimura, Kazuro

    2010-10-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess the technical success rate and adverse events (AEs) associated with ultrasound (US)-guided radiological placement (RP) of a central venous port (CVP) via the subclavian vein (SCV). Between April 2006 and May 2007, a total of 500 US-guided RPs of a CVP via the SCV were scheduled in 486 cancer patients (mean age {+-} SD, 54.1 {+-} 18.1 years) at our institute. Referring to the interventional radiology report database and patients' records, technical success rate and AEs relevant to CVP placement were evaluated retrospectively. The technical success rate was 98.6% (493/500). AEs occurred in 26 cases (5.2%) during follow-up (range, 1-1080 days; mean {+-} SD, 304.0 {+-} 292.1 days). AEs within 24 h postprocedure occurred in five patients: pneumothorax (n = 2), arterial puncture (n = 1), hematoma formation at the pocket site (n = 2), and catheter tip migration into the internal mammary vein (n = 1). There were seven early AEs: hematoma formation at the pocket site (n = 2), fibrin sheath formation around the indwelling catheter (n = 2), and catheter-related infections (n = 3). There were 13 delayed AEs: catheter-related infections (n = 7), catheter detachments (n = 3), catheter occlusion (n = 1), symptomatic thrombus in the SCV (n = 1), and catheter migration (n = 1). No major AEs, such as procedure-related death, air embolism, or events requiring surgical intervention, were observed. In conclusion, US-guided RP of a CVP via the SCV is highly appropriate, based on its high technical success rate and the limited number of AEs.

  10. Short-Term Results of Carotid Endarterectomy and Stenting After the Introduction of Carotid Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Single-Institution Retrospective Study.

    PubMed

    Fukumitsu, Ryu; Yoshida, Kazumichi; Kurosaki, Yoshitaka; Torihashi, Koichi; Sadamasa, Nobutake; Koyanagi, Masaomi; Narumi, Osamu; Sato, Tsukasa; Chin, Masaki; Handa, Akira; Yamagata, Sen; Miyamoto, Susumu

    2017-05-01

    Although carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been gaining popularity as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA), perioperative stroke rate following contemporary CAS remains significantly higher than stroke rate after CEA. The purpose of this study was to assess perioperative (within 30 days) therapeutic results in patients with carotid stenosis (CS) after introduction of preoperative carotid magnetic resonance imaging plaque evaluation in a single center performing both CEA and CAS. Based on prospectively collected data for patients with CS who were scheduled for carotid revascularization, retrospective analysis was conducted of 295 consecutive patients with CS. An intervention was selected after consideration of periprocedural risks for both CEA and CAS. Concerning risk factors for CAS, results of magnetic resonance imaging plaque evaluation were emphasized with a view toward reducing embolic complications. CAS was performed in 114 patients, and CEA was performed in 181 patients. Comparing baseline characteristics of the 295 patients, age, T1 signal intensity of plaque, symptomatic CS, urgent intervention, and diabetes mellitus differed significantly between CAS and CEA groups. Among patients who underwent CAS, new hyperintense lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging were confirmed in 47 patients. New hyperintense lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging were recognized in 21.4% of patients who underwent CEA (n = 39), significantly less frequent than in patients who underwent CAS. The overall short-term outcome of CEA and CAS is acceptable. Preoperative carotid magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of plaque might contribute to low rates of ischemic complications in CAS. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Use of 3.0-T MRI for Stereotactic Radiosurgery Planning for Treatment of Brain Metastases: A Single-Institution Retrospective Review

    SciTech Connect

    Saconn, Paul A.; Shaw, Edward G.; Chan, Michael D.; Squire, Sarah E.; Johnson, Annette J.; McMullen, Kevin P.; Tatter, Stephen B.; Ellis, Thomas L.; Lovato, James; Bourland, J. Daniel; Ekstrand, Kenneth E.; DeGuzman, Allan F.; Munley, Michael T.

    2010-11-15

    Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting brain metastases for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) planning. Methods and Materials: All adult patients scheduled for SRS treatment for brain metastases at our institution between October 2005 and January 2008 were eligible for analysis. All patients underwent radiosurgery treatment planning 3.0-T MRI on the day of scheduled radiosurgery and a diagnostic 1.5-T MRI in the days or weeks prior to radiosurgery for comparison. Both scans were interpreted by neuroradiologists who reported their findings in the radiology reports. We performed a retrospective review of the radiology reports to determine the number of brain metastases identified using each MRI system. Results: Of 254 patients scheduled for treatment from October 2005 to January 2008, 138 patients had radiology reports that explicitly described the number of metastases identified on both scans. With a median interval of 17 days (range, 1-82) between scans, the number of metastases detected using 1.5-T MRI system ranged from 1 to 5 and from 1 to 8 using the 3.0 T-MRI system. Twenty-two percent of patients were found to have a greater number of metastases with the 3.0 T-MRI system. The difference in number of metastases detected between the two scans for the entire cohort ranged from 0 to 6. Neither histology (p = 0.52 by chi-sq test) nor time between scans (p = 0.62 by linear regression) were significantly associated with the difference in number of metastases between scans. Conclusions: The 3.0-T MRI system appears to be superior to a 1.5-T MRI system for detecting brain metastases, which may have significant implications in determining the appropriate treatment modality. Our findings suggest the need for a prospectively designed study to further evaluate the use of a 3.0 T-MRI system for stereotactic radiosurgery planning in the treatment of brain metastases.

  12. Is interval appendectomy indicated after non-operative management of acute appendicitis in patients with cancer? A retrospective review from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Samdani, Tushar; Fancher, Tiffany T; Pieracci, Frederic M; Eachempati, Soumitra; Rashidi, Laila; Nash, Garrett M

    2015-05-01

    Interval appendectomy (IA) is a controversial subject, with little consensus on its use in patients undergoing treatment for malignancy. We sought to determine the frequency of recurrent appendicitis in cancer patients managed nonoperatively (NOM) during index hospitalization (IHA) for acute appendicitis (AA). Clinical presentation, cancer treatment, and follow-up were collected from electronic medical records of patients with CT scan-confirmed AA treated at a single institution between August 1999 and August 2009. Seventy-two of 109 AA patients underwent appendectomy during IHA; 34 of these 109 were NOM during IHA. Median index length of NOM patients' stay was six days (0-55), median age was 59 (18-80) years. Indications for NOM were presence of abscess or phlegmon (14), mild symptoms (13), high surgical risk (3), end-stage cancer (3), and patient declining surgery (1). Eight NOM patients underwent percutaneous drainage of abdominal abscess (median total duration of intravenous + oral antibiotics = 12 days [0-55]). There were six deaths (1 IHA, 5 NOM): four sepsis and two cancer progression. At a median of 19-month follow-up (range 1-103), four NOM patients surviving IHA had recurrent AA (11.7%) at two (n = 2) and three months (n = 2) after the first episode. Overall, six had IA (17.6%) one to seven months post AA; 25 remained asymptomatic, without IA. In conclusion, among NOM patients at a cancer center at IHA for AA, recurrent AA was early (<4 months) but uncommon. IA should be offered to those with recurrent symptoms, but appears to have a very limited role after several months of asymptomatic follow-up.

  13. IS INTERVAL APPENDECTOMY INDICATED AFTER NON-OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE APPENDICITIS IN PATIENTS WITH CANCER? A RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW FROM A SINGLE INSTITUTION

    PubMed Central

    SAMDANI, TUSHAR; FANCHER, TIFFANY T.; PIERACCI, FREDERIC M.; EACHEMPATI, SOUMITRA; RASHIDI, LAILA; NASH, GARRETT M.

    2016-01-01

    Background Interval appendectomy (IA) is a controversial subject, with little consensus on its use in patients undergoing treatment for malignancy. We sought to determine the frequency of recurrent appendicitis in cancer patients managed non-operatively (NOM) during index hospitalization for acute appendicitis (AA). Methods Clinical presentation,cancer treatment,follow-up were collected from electronic medical records of patients with CT scan-confirmed AA treated at a single institution between 7/1999 and 7/2009. Results Seventy-two of 109 AA patients underwent appendectomy during index hospitalization (IHA); 34 of these 109 were NOM during index hospitalization. Median index length of NOM patients’ stay was 6 days (0–55), median age 59 (18–80). Indications for NOM were presence of abscess or phlegmon (14), mild symptoms (13), high surgical risk (3), end-stage cancer (3), patient declining surgery (1). Eight NOM patients underwent percutaneous drainage of abdominal abscess (median total duration of IV + oral antibiotics = 12 days (0–55)). There were 6 deaths (1 IHA, 5 NOM): 4 sepsis, 2 cancer progression. At median 19-month follow-up (range 1–103), 4 NOM patients surviving index hospitalization had recurrent AA (11.7%) at 2 (n=2) and 3 months (n=2) after first episode. Overall, 6 had IA (17.6%) 1–7 months post-AA; 25 remained asymptomatic, without IA. Conclusion Among patients at a cancer center managed non-operatively at index hospitalization for AA, recurrent AA was early (<4 months) but uncommon. IA should be offered to those with recurrent symptoms, but appears to have a very limited role after several months of asymptomatic follow-up. PMID:25975342

  14. Comparison of pemetrexed plus cisplatin with gemcitabine plus docetaxel in refractory/metastatic osteosarcoma: Clinical outcomes from a retrospective database monitored in a single institute

    PubMed Central

    YU, WEN-XI; TANG, LI-NA; LIN, FENG; YAO, YANG; SHEN, ZAN

    2014-01-01

    The prognosis for patients with relapsed/metastatic osteosarcoma is poor and the optimal treatment strategy remains to be refined. Whilst gemcitabine plus docetaxel combination treatment has already been demonstrated to have certain promising results in the treatment of osteosarcoma, the use of pemetrexed, a multi-targeted antifolate, remains controversial. In the present study, a retrospective investigation was conducted to evaluate the toxicity and efficacy of the pemetrexed plus cisplatin combination in relapsed/metastatic osteosarcoma. Comparison of this treatment with that of the gemcitabine plus docetaxel combination was also conducted. Clinical data from 39 patients suffering from refractory/metastatic osteosarcoma between January 2005 and May 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. Of these patients, 21 were administered the gemcitabine plus docetaxel combination, and 18 were provided the pemetrexed plus cisplatin combination. Treatment was continued until the occurrence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. In the gemcitabine plus docetaxel group, the overall response rate and disease control rate were found to be 9.5 and 28.5% respectively, compared with 5.5 and 33.3% respectively in the pemetrexed plus cisplatin group. The median progression-free survival (PFS) time was found to be 1.8 months for both the gemcitabine plus docetaxel and pemetrexed plus cisplatin groups. The median overall survival (OS) time was 6 months in the gemcitabine plus docetaxel group and 7 months in the pemetrexed plus cisplatin group. No statistically significant differences were recognized between the overall response rates, disease control rates, PFS times and OS times in the two groups. The two combinations appeared to be well tolerated. However, the incidence of grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia and leucopenia was higher in the gemcitabine plus docetaxel group than in the pemetrexed plus cisplatin group. The present study clearly demonstrated that both chemo

  15. [High-dose methotrexate followed by whole-brain irradiation for primary central nervous system lymphoma patients--a retrospective study in a single institute].

    PubMed

    Usui, Noriko; Dobashi, Nobuaki; Yano, Shingo; Yahagi, Yuichi; Takei, Yutaka; Otsubo, Hiroko; Takahara, Shinobu; Yamaguchi, Yuko; Saito, Takeshi; Minami, Jiro; Kamiyama, Yutaro; Morikawa, Noriyuki; Machishima, Tomohito; Osawa, Hiroshi; Aiba, Keisuke

    2010-07-01

    This study analyzed retrospectively the clinical efficacy of combined therapy consisting of high-dose methotrexate (MTX), administered at a dose of 4 g/m2 every 2 weeks (maximum of 4 courses), followed by whole-brain irradiation for newly diagnosed primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) patients. Fifteen patients (median age: 59 years old; range: 26-79) were diagnosed by histological examinations or imaging techniques in our hospital. Of 15 patients, 12 (6: complete response; 6: partial response) achieved objective response, and the response rate was 80% (95% CI, 51.9-95.7%). The median follow-up time was 20 (range: 3-81) months, and the 3-year survival rate was 76%. The overall survival time was 71 months (95% CI, 23. 7-118.3 months), and the progression free survival was 15 months (95% CI, 0-43.8 months). The major toxicity (grade>or=3) of high-dose MTX included cytopenia (20%), acute respiratory distress syndrome (6.7%), and liver damage (6.7%). No patient evidenced complicated leukoencephalopathy in the follow-up time. The combined therapy of high-dose MTX followed by whole-brain irradiation showed a substantial antitumor efficacy in PCNSL patients. Prospective studies are required to determine the suitable treatment schedule for MTX and irradiation.

  16. Totally implantable venous access devices: retrospective analysis of different insertion techniques and predictors of complications in 796 devices implanted in a single institution

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of totally implanted vascular devices (TIVAD) using different techniques of insertion. Methods We performed a retrospective study using a prospective collected database of 796 consecutive oncological patients in which TIVADs were inserted. We focused on early and late complications following different insertion techniques (surgical cutdown, blind and ultrasound guided percutaneous) according to different techniques. Results Ultrasound guided technique was used in 646 cases, cephalic vein cutdown in 102 patients and percutaneous blind technique in 48 patients. The overall complication rate on insertion was 7.2% (57 of 796 cases). Early complications were less frequent using the ultrasound guided technique: arterial puncture (p = 0.009), technical failure (p = 0.009), access site change after first attempt (p = 0.002); pneumothorax occurred in 4 cases, all using the blind percutaneus technique. Late complications occurred in 49 cases (6.1%) which required TIVAD removal in 43 cases and included: sepsis (29 cases), thrombosis (3 cases), dislocation (7 cases), skin dehiscence (3 cases), and severe pain (1 case). Conclusion Ultrasound guided technique is the safest option for TIVAD insertion, with the lowest rates of immediate complications. PMID:24886342

  17. Epirubicin, Cisplatin, and Capecitabine for Primary Platinum-Resistant or Platinum-Refractory Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: Results of a Retrospective, Single-Institution Study.

    PubMed

    Sayal, Karen; Gounaris, Ioannis; Basu, Bristi; Freeman, Sue; Moyle, Penny; Hosking, Karen; Iddawela, Mahesh; Jimenez-Linan, Mercedes; Abraham, Jean; Brenton, James; Hatcher, Helen; Earl, Helena; Parkinson, Christine

    2015-07-01

    Primary platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is an area of unmet medical need. There is limited evidence from small studies that platinum-based combinations can overcome "resistance" in a proportion of patients. We investigated the efficacy and toxicity of platinum-based combination chemotherapy in the platinum-resistant and platinum-refractory setting. Epirubicin, cisplatin, and capecitabine (ECX) combination chemotherapy was used at our institution for the treatment of relapsed EOC. From the institutional database, we identified all patients with primary platinum-refractory or platinum-resistant relapse treated with ECX as second-line therapy between 2001 and 2012. We extracted demographic, clinical, treatment, and toxicity data and outcomes. We used logistic and Cox regression models to identify predictors of response and survival respectively. Thirty-four 34 patients (8 refractory, 26 resistant) were treated with ECX. Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) response rate was 45%, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.4 months, and overall survival (OS) was 10.6 months. Platinum-resistant patients had better outcomes than did platinum-refractory patients (response rate, 54% vs 0%, P = 0.047; PFS 7.2 vs 1.8 months, P < 0.0001; OS 14.4 vs 3 months, P < 0.001). In regression models, time to progression after first-line treatment and platinum-refractory status were the strongest predictors of response and PFS or OS, respectively. Patients with time to progression after first-line treatment longer than 3 months showed PFS and OS of 7.9 and 14.7 months, respectively. Toxicity was manageable, with only 13% of cycles administered at reduced doses. Epirubicin, cisplatin, and capecitabine seems to be active in platinum-resistant relapsed EOC with manageable toxicity. Further prospective investigation of platinum-anthracycline combinations is warranted in patients who relapse 3 to 6 months after first-line platinum-taxane treatment.

  18. Does the Use of Intraoperative Breast Sizers Increase Complication Rates in Primary Breast Augmentation? A Retrospective Analysis of 416 Consecutive Cases in a Single Institution

    PubMed Central

    Khoo, Lee Seng; Radwanski, Henrique N.; Senna-Fernandes, Vasco; Antônio, Nsingi Nsosolo; Fellet, Leonardo Luiz Fernandes; Pitanguy, Ivo

    2016-01-01

    Background. Is the use of intraoperative breast sizers beneficial for plastic surgeons or do they result in higher complication rates? Methods. This is a retrospective study of 416 consecutive cases of primary breast augmentation with silicone implants at the Plastic Surgery Service of Professor Ivo Pitanguy at the 38th Infirmary Santa Casa Misericórdia Hospital, Rio De Janeiro, from January 2011 to March 2014. 212 cases (51%) were carried out with use of intraoperative breast sizers with 204 cases (49%) without the use of implant sizers. This study compares the outcome of cases that employed the use of intraoperative implant sizers versus those that did not in terms of infection, hematoma/seroma formation, and capsular contracture. Results. Of 416 primary breast augmentation cases, there were 5 cases of infection (1.2%), 4 cases of seroma (1%), 3 cases of hematoma (0.7%), and 7 cases of capsular contracture (Baker's Grade III/IV)(1.7%). Total complication rate limited to infection, seroma, hematoma, and capsular contracture was 1.15% (95% CI 0.96–1.93%). There was a significant difference in the scores for breast sizers (M = 4.3, SD = 1.4) and no breast sizers (M = 2.3, SD = 0.87) conditions, t(8) = 2.79, p = 0.018. The use of implant sizers was correlated with a higher complication rate. Conclusion. Good results could be obtained without the use of breast sizers in primary breast augmentation with use of a biodimensional tissue based planning system while eliminating risks of infection and reducing intraoperative time. Notwithstanding, in a residency program breast sizers can be an excellent training tool to shorten the learning curve in the novice surgeon. PMID:27092273

  19. Weekly Low-Dose Docetaxel-Based Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Oropharyngeal or Hypopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Retrospective, Single-Institution Study

    SciTech Connect

    Fukada, Junichi; Shigematsu, Naoyuki; Takeda, Atsuya; Ohashi, Toshio; Tomita, Toshiki; Shiotani, Akihiro; Kunieda, Etsuo; Kawaguchi, Osamu; Fujii, Masato; Kubo, Atsushi

    2010-02-01

    Purpose: To retrospectively assess the efficacy, toxicity, and prognostic factors of weekly low-dose docetaxel-based chemoradiotherapy for Stage III/IV oropharyngeal or hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods and Materials: Between 2001 and 2005, 72 consecutive patients with locally advanced oropharyngeal or hypopharyngeal carcinoma were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCR; radiation at 60 Gy plus weekly docetaxel [10 mg/m{sup 2}]). Thirty of these patients also received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC; docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil) before concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Survival was calculated according to the Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic factors were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: The median follow-up was 33 months, with overall survival, disease-free survival, and locoregional control rates at 3 years of 59%, 45%, and 52%, respectively. Thirty-six patients (50%) experienced more than one Grade 3 to 4 acute toxicity. Grade 3 mucositis occurred in 32 patients (44%), Grade 4 laryngeal edema in 1 (1%). Grade >=3 severe hematologic toxicity was observed in only 2 patients (3%). Grade 3 dysphagia occurred as a late complication in 2 patients (3%). Multivariate analyses identified age, T stage, hemoglobin level, and completion of weekly docetaxel, but not NAC, as significant factors determining disease-free survival. Conclusions: Docetaxel is an active agent used in both concurrent and sequential chemoradiotherapy regimens. Mucositis was the major acute toxicity, but this was well tolerated in most subjects. Anemia was the most significant prognostic factor determining survival. Further studies are warranted to investigate the optimal protocol for integrating docetaxel into first-line chemoradiotherapy regimens, as well as the potential additive impact of NAC.

  20. Clinical features of clear cell meningioma: a retrospective study of 36 cases among 10,529 patients in a single institution.

    PubMed

    Li, Peng; Yang, Zhijun; Wang, Zhenmin; Zhou, Qiangyi; Li, Shiwei; Wang, Xingchao; Wang, Bo; Zhao, Fu; Liu, Pinan

    2016-01-01

    Clear cell meningioma (CCM) is a rare subtype of meningioma. We present the largest series of 36 CCMs and evaluate several prognostic factors of patient's clinical outcome. Thirty-six patients with pathologically confirmed CCM among a total of 10,529 meningioma patients were retrospectively reviewed. CCM constituted 0.3 % of the intracranial meningiomas and 1.4 % of the intraspinal meningiomas. The male-to-female ratio (36 vs 64 %) for CCMs was similar to that for total meningiomas (28 vs 72 %) patients (chi-squared test, p = 0.3). The mean age at diagnosis of CCM patients (29.3 ± 18.4 years) was significantly younger than that of total meningiomas (49.8 ± 11.9 years) patients (t-test, p = 0). During the follow-up, 15 patients (42 %) suffered from tumor recurrence. The recurrence time ranged from 10 months to 12 years, with a median time of 29 months. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients after total resection (Simpson grades I and II) had significantly longer progression-free survival (PFS) time than those after subtotal resection (Simpson grades III and IV) (log-rank test, p = 0.006). However, age (≤20 years or >20 years, p = 0.9), gender (p = 0.3), postoperative radiotherapy (p = 0.4), progesterone receptor staining (positivity or negativity, p = 0.2), and Ki-67 index (≤5 % or >5 %, p = 0.4) did not have significant effects on patients' PFS time. The proportion of CCM in spinal meningiomas is likely to be much larger than that in intracranial meningiomas. CCMs should be resected totally when possible to decrease the risk of recurrence or prolong patient's PFS time.

  1. Is definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy effective for locally advanced head and neck cancer in the elderly aged ≥ 75 years: A single-institute, retrospective, cohort study.

    PubMed

    Lai, Kuan-Ming; Lin, Jen-Tsun; Lu, Hsueh-Ju; Liang, Chia-Chun; Chen, Mu-Kuan

    2017-08-25

    Definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is the standard treatment for locally advanced head and neck cancer (HNC). However, for very elderly patients, the comparison of benefit/risk between definitive radiotherapy (RT) with and without systemic chemotherapy was equivocal. The study was a single-institute, retrospective, cohort study. Seventy patients aged ≥75 years who had a locally advanced HNC were enrolled. The patients were divided into those with CRT and those with RT alone. Survival, compliance/adverse events and independent prognostic factors were analyzed. For baseline characteristics, the patients who received RT alone had worse performance status, comorbidity score and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio. However, during definitive therapy, the CRT group had more adverse events such as neutropenia, febrile neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. There were no significant differences in disease-specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) (P = 0.864 and 0.788, respectively). As to OS, several independent prognostic factors were identified. Performance status (hazard ratio [HR], 2.312; confidence interval [CI], 1.176-4.546; P = 0.015), clinical T staging (HR, 2.240; 95% CI, 1.021-4.913; P = 0.004) and total RT dose (HR, 2.555; 95% CI, 1.246-5.238; P = 0.010) were independent prognostic factors of OS. Definitive RT with or without systemic chemotherapy did not significantly influence DSS and OS for very elderly patients. Therefore, for elderly patients aged ≥ 75 years who have HNC, conservative RT might be sufficient for treatment purposes. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  2. Gangliocytic paraganglioma: a multi-institutional retrospective study in Japan.

    PubMed

    Okubo, Yoichiro; Nemoto, Tetsuo; Wakayama, Megumi; Tochigi, Naobumi; Shinozaki, Minoru; Ishiwatari, Takao; Aki, Kyoko; Tsuchiya, Masaru; Aoyama, Hajime; Katsura, Kanade; Fujii, Takeshi; Nishigami, Takashi; Yokose, Tomoyuki; Ohkura, Yasuo; Shibuya, Kazutoshi

    2015-04-12

    Gangliocytic paraganglioma (GP) is an extremely rare benign tumor that commonly arises from the second part of the duodenum. Since GP exhibit neither prominent mitotic activity nor Ki-67 immunoreactivity, this tumor is often misdiagnosed as neuroendocrine tumor (NET) G1 (carcinoid tumor). However, patients with GP may have a better prognosis than patients with NET G1. This fact emphasizes the importance of differentiating GP from NET G1, but few studies have reported the epidemiology and histopathology of GP because of its rarity. To differentiate GP from NET G1 with ease, we conducted a multi-institutional retrospective study analyzing the morphometric and immunohistochemical features of this tumor. Since only a limited number of patients with GP could be identified in our institute, we conducted a multi-institutional retrospective study of GP in Japan, which was approved by the Ethics Committee of our medical institute. The obtained tissue sections underwent detailed morphometric and immunohistochemical analyses. Additionally, to differentiate GP from NET G1 with ease, immunohistochemical findings were compared. In our examination of 12 cases of duodenal GP, we found that epithelioid cells of GP exhibited positive reactivity for progesterone receptor and pancreatic polypeptide, whereas tumor cells of NET G1 were completely negative reactivity for both. Additionally, although GP is considered to be an extremely rare NET, we found that four (40.0%) of the ten patients at our institute with duodenal NET G1 actually had GP. Although GP is regarded as a rare NET, our results suggest that it accounts for a substantial percentage of duodenal NETs. Additionally, confirmation of immunoreactivity for progesterone receptor and pancreatic polypeptide can assist in differentiating GP from NET G1.

  3. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: a single institution study.

    PubMed

    Mistry, Rajesh C; Qureshi, Sajid S; Gupta, Shaikat; Gupta, Sameer

    2005-01-01

    Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare tumor of adolescent males and there is a paucity of Indian studies on this subject. To present the experience of management of JNA at a single institution. This is a retrospective observational study of patients with JNA who presented at the Tata Memorial Hospital between May 1988 and August 2001. Thirty-two patients with JNA were treated in the study period. Since the time period was prolonged and diagnostic and therapeutic protocols had undergone many changes, the patients were divided into two groups, namely 1988-1996 and 1997-2001. The age distribution, disease patterns, management approaches and treatment outcomes of patients in the two groups were recorded. Statistical analyses were done using students 't' test and test for proportion. The mean age at presentation was 16 years and more than 90% of the patients had Stage III or IV disease. Preoperative embolization was carried out in 19 patients. The surgical approaches used were median maxillectomy, infratemporal fossa, transpalatal, maxillary swing and craniofacial approach. The recurrence rate, complete resection rate and cure rates were 12.5%, 41% and 63% respectively. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment of JNA. Preoperative embolization and newer surgical approaches result in less blood loss and complete resection. Aggressive re-resection should be done for resectable recurrences reserving radiotherapy for unresectable, recurrent/ residual disease.

  4. Carotid body tumours. A 20-year single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Dalainas, Ilias; Nano, Giovanni; Casana, Renato; Bianchi, Paolo; Stegher, Silvia; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico Giuseppe

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this single-institution retrospective study was to review the surgical outcomes of resection of carotid body tumours over the last 20 years in our hospital. From January 1985 to December 2004, 17 patients were admitted to our institution with carotid body tumours. All patients were treated by surgical resection of the tumour. No perioperative deaths occurred. Perioperative comorbidities were more frequent in patients with large carotid body tumours intimately associated with the carotid vessels. Surgical excision of carotid body tumours is safe and effective even in the long term.

  5. Spinal cord gliomas: A multi-institutional retrospective analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Abdel-Wahab, May . E-mail: mwahab@med.miami.edu; Etuk, Blessing; Palermo, James; Shirato, Hiroki; Kresl, John; Yapicier, Ozlem; Walker, Gail; Shaw, Edward; Lee, Charles; Curran, Walter; Thomas, Terry; Markoe, Arnold

    2006-03-15

    Purpose: To determine the impact of postoperative radiation therapy (POXRT) on outcome in spinal cord gliomas. Patients and Methods: Data from 242 patients were collected retrospectively from six institutions using a standardized data sheet. Pathology specimens, when available, were centrally reviewed. Results: A total of 183 patients were analyzed: 82 received surgery alone as initial treatment, whereas 101 had surgery and POXRT. Demographic, diagnostic, and treatment factors were analyzed for impact on progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS). PFS in ependymoma patients was 74%, 60%, and 35% at 5, 10, 15 years, respectively, and was significantly influenced by treatment type, race, age, tumor grade, and type of surgery on univariate analysis, with age being the only significant factor on multivariate analysis (MVA) (p = 0.01). OS of ependymoma patients was 91%, 84%, and 75% at 5, 10, and 15 years, respectively, and was significantly influenced by both complete resection (p = 0.04) and age (p = 0.03) on MVA. In astrocytomas, PFS was 42%, 29%, and 15% at 5, 10, and 15 years, and was significantly influenced by POXRT in low- and intermediate-grade tumors on MVA (p = 0.02). OS at 5, 10, and 15 years was 59%, 53%, and 32%, respectively, and was significantly influenced by grade on MVA (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Postoperative radiation therapy reduced disease progression in low- and moderate-grade astrocytomas. In ependymomas, complete resection significantly influenced OS.

  6. Central airways stenoses management--a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Pereszlenyi, A; Majer, I; Janik, M; Demian, J; Igaz, M; Knappkova, S; Eftimova, P; Benej, R; Harustiak, S

    2004-01-01

    Tracheal stenosis is a serious, life-threatening disease with an increasing tendency. The number of complicated tracheal lesions, where resection and anastomosis can not be performed, still increases and the situation requires solution by endoprosthesis. Consequent the management of such complicated obstructive tracheal lesions is individual and time-consuming. The main objective of this study is to review the single institution experience with central airways stenosis treatment and to define the role of endotracheal stenting in tracheal reconstruction surgery. This study presents the retrospective analysis of tracheal stenosis reconstruction by means of our own modification of Montgomery T-tube. (Tab. 3, Fig. 3, Ref. 12.)

  7. Clinical features of spinal schwannomas in 65 patients with schwannomatosis compared with 831 with solitary schwannomas and 102 with neurofibromatosis Type 2: a retrospective study at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Li, Peng; Zhao, Fu; Zhang, Jing; Wang, Zhenmin; Wang, Xingchao; Wang, Bo; Yang, Zhijun; Yang, Jun; Gao, Zhixian; Liu, Pinan

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features of spinal schwannomas in patients with schwannomatosis and compare them with a large cohort of patients with solitary schwannomas and neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2). The study was a retrospective review of 831 patients with solitary schwannomas, 65 with schwannomatosis, and 102 with NF2. The clinical, radiographic, and pathological data were extracted with specific attention to the age at onset, location of tumors, initial symptoms, family history, and treatment outcome. The male-to-female ratio of patients with schwannomatosis (72.3% vs 27.7%) was significantly higher than that of patients with solitary schwannomas (53.3% vs 46.7%) and NF2 (54.0% vs 46.0%), respectively (chi-square test, p = 0.012). The mean age at the first spinal schwannoma operation of patients with NF2 (24.7 ± 10.2 years) was significantly younger than that of patients with solitary schwannomas (44.8 ± 13.2 years) and schwannomatosis (44.4 ± 14.1 years; 1-way ANOVA, p < 0.001). The initial symptoms were similar among the 3 groups, with pain being the most common. The distribution of spinal tumors among the 3 groups was significantly different. The peak locations of spinal schwannomas in patients with solitary schwannomas were at C1-3 and T12-L3; in schwannomatosis, the peak location was at T12-L5. A preferred spinal location was not evident for intradural-extramedullary tumors in NF2. Only a slight prominence in the lumbar area could be observed. The patients in the 3 groups obtained similar benefits from the operation; the recovery rates in the patients with solitary schwannomas, NF2, and schwannomatosis were 50.1%, 38.0%, and 53.9%, respectively. The prognosis varied among spinal schwannomas in the patients with schwannomatosis. Up until the last date of follow-up, most patients with schwannomatosis (81.5%) had undergone a single spinal operation, but 12 patients (18.5%) had undergone multiple spinal operations. Patients with

  8. The General Single-Dish Data format: A retrospective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jenness, Tim; Stobie, Elizabeth B.; Maddalena, Ronald J.; Garwood, Robert W.; Fairclough, Jon H.; Prestage, Richard M.; Tilanus, Remo P. J.; Padman, Rachael

    2015-09-01

    The General Single-Dish Data format (GSDD) was developed in the mid-1980s as a data model to support centimeter, millimeter and submillimeter instrumentation at NRAO, JCMT, the University of Arizona and IRAM. We provide an overview of the GSDD requirements and associated data model, discuss the implementation of the resultant file formats, describe its usage in the observatories and provide a retrospective on the format.

  9. Teaching Evaluation of Higher Education Institutions: Retrospect and Prospect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siping, Gao

    2009-01-01

    China started up pilot projects for the evaluation of teaching work at regular higher education institutions (HEIs) in 1994, and, beginning in 2003, the Ministry of Education (MOE) formally set up a system of cyclical teaching evaluation. Among the 592 undergraduate colleges and universities that were listed in the plan for the first round of…

  10. Feasibility of Elective Nodal Irradiation (ENI) and Involved Field Irradiation (IFI) in Radiotherapy for the Elderly Patients (Aged ≥ 70 Years) with Esophageal Squamous Cell Cancer: A Retrospective Analysis from a Single Institute

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Hongbo; Zhang, Yan; Shi, Fang; Han, Anqin; Li, Minghuan; Kong, Li; Yu, Jinming

    2015-01-01

    Purpose We conducted a retrospective analysis to assess the feasibility of involved field irradiation (IFI) in elderly patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). Materials and Methods We performed a retrospective review of the records of elderly patients (≥ 70 years) with unresectable ESCC and no distant metastases who received treatment with radiotherapy between January 2009 and March 2013. According to the irradiation volume, patients were allocated into either the elective nodal irradiation (ENI) group or the IFI group. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and treatment-related toxicities were compared between the two groups. Results A total of 137 patients were enrolled. Fifty-four patients (39.4%) were allocated to the ENI group and 83 patients (60.6%) to the IFI group, the median doses in the two groups were 60 Gy and 59.4 Gy, respectively. For the entire group, the median survival time (MST) and PFS were 16 months and 12 months, respectively. The median PFS and 3-year PFS rate in the ENI group were 13 months and 20.6%, compared to 11 months and 21.0% in the IFI groups (p = 0.61). The MST and 3-year OS rate in the ENI and IFI groups were 17 months and 26.4% and 15.5 months and 21.7%, respectively (p = 0.25). The rate of grade ≥ 3 acute irradiation esophagitis in the ENI group was significantly higher than that in the IFI group (18.5% vs. 6.0%; p = 0.027). Other grade ≥ 3 treatment-related toxicities did not significantly differ between the two groups. Conclusions IFI resulted in decreased irradiation toxicities without sacrificing OS in elderly patients with ESCC. PMID:26636574

  11. Undergraduate Music Program Alumni's Career Path, Retrospective Institutional Satisfaction, and Financial Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miksza, Peter; Hime, Lauren

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine undergraduate music education and performance alumni's career path, retrospective institutional satisfaction, and financial status. Data for this study were drawn from respondents from the 2010 administration of the nationwide, multi-institutional survey conducted by the Strategic National Arts Alumni…

  12. Undergraduate Music Program Alumni's Career Path, Retrospective Institutional Satisfaction, and Financial Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miksza, Peter; Hime, Lauren

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine undergraduate music education and performance alumni's career path, retrospective institutional satisfaction, and financial status. Data for this study were drawn from respondents from the 2010 administration of the nationwide, multi-institutional survey conducted by the Strategic National Arts Alumni…

  13. Results of a retrospective single institution analysis of targeted skeletal radiotherapy with (166)Holmium-DOTMP as conditioning regimen for autologous stem cell transplant for patients with multiple myeloma. Impact on transplant outcomes.

    PubMed

    Christoforidou, Anna V; Saliba, Rima M; Williams, Patricia; Qazilbash, Muzaffar; Roden, Linda; Aleman, Ana; Weber, Donna; Mendoza, Floralyn; Podoloff, Donald; Wendt, Richard; Breitz, Hazel; Alexanian, Raymond; Champlin, Richard; Giralt, Sergio

    2007-05-01

    (166)Holmium-DOTMP is a beta-emitting radiophosphonate that localizes specifically to the bone surfaces and can deliver high-dose radiation to the bone marrow. Phase I/II trials showed feasibility and tolerability when combined with high-dose melphalan with or without total-body irradiation (TBI) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). The purpose of this study was to define the potential impact of (166)Holmium-DOTMP on outcomes in patients with MM undergoing ASCT. Retrospective review of transplant outcomes among patients with MM who received an ASCT between January 1998 to December 2001 with either melphalan 200 mg/m(2) or a (166)Holmium-DOTMP containing regimen as part of their initial therapy. Univariate analysis was performed for response, overall survival (OS), and event free survival (EFS). One hundred four patients were identified, of which 41 received a (166)Holmium-DOTMP containing regimen and 63 received melphalan alone. The (166)Holmium-DOTMP patients were divided into 2 groups according to the dose received (<2400 mCi versus > or = 2400 mCi). The (166)Holmium-DOTMP group had a trend towards a higher complete remission (CR) rate compared to patients receiving melphalan alone (51% versus 32%). The median EFS for the low-dose (166)Holmium-DOTMP, the high-dose (166)Holmium-DOTMP, and melphalan alone was 30, 23, and 19 months, respectively; the OS rate at 5 years for the 3 groups was 61%, 40%, and 43%, respectively. (166)Holmium-DOTMP, in combination with high-dose melphalan, can result in higher CR rates when given in optimal doses (<2400 mCi) when compared to melphalan alone, and should be further tested in phase III trials in patients with MM undergoing ASCT.

  14. RISK FACTORS FOR NONREMISSION AND PROGRESSION-FREE SURVIVAL AFTER I-131 THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH LUNG METASTASIS FROM DIFFERENTIATED THYROID CANCER: A SINGLE-INSTITUTE, RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS IN SOUTHERN CHINA.

    PubMed

    Chen, Pan; Feng, Hui-Juan; Ouyang, Wei; Wu, Ju-Qing; Wang, Jing; Sun, Yun-Gang; Xian, Jia-Lang; Huang, Liu-Hua

    2016-09-01

    Prognostic factors related to progression-free survival (PFS) have not received much attention in the literature regarding iodine-131 ((131)I) therapy for patients with differentiated thyroid cancer and lung metastases. We sought to explore the factors associated with PFS and nonremission in a group of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer and pulmonary metastases at initial diagnosis and to investigate the impact of (131)I therapy on pulmonary function and peripheral blood counts in the same cohort of patients. The medical records of 1,050 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer treated at the Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University from January 2006 to January 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, 107 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that age ≥45 years and (131)I nonavidity were independent risk factors for disease progression. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that pulmonary nodule size ≥1 cm and (131)I nonavidity were the strongest risk factors predicting nonremission. Varying cumulative (131)I dosage had no association with posttreatment pulmonary function or peripheral blood cell counts. Similar to earlier studies, our results confirm that (131)I nonavidity was associated with an increased risk of disease progression and greater odds of nonremission. In addition, patients with differentiated thyroid cancer and lung metastases with pulmonary nodules ≥1 cm had a reduced likelihood of achieving remission. Furthermore, special attention is needed when monitoring patients over 45 years at a higher risk of disease progression. CI = confidence interval DTC = differentiated thyroid cancer (18)F-FDG = fluoro-18 fluorodeoxyglucose FEF = forced expiratory flow FTC = follicular thyroid cancer FVC = forced vital capacity GR = granulocytes Hb = hemoglobin HR = hazard ratio (131)I = iodine-131 LN = lymph node OR = odds ratio OS = overall survival PET/CT = positive

  15. Reduced Requirements for Long-Term Institutional Care: Results of a Retrospective Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurewitsch, Eleanor Chestnut

    1984-01-01

    Conducted a retrospective study of 102 Swiss seniors to determine nonmedical factors affecting substantial care days required prior to death. Protected senior housing and an independent and helpful personality seemed to contribute significantly to compression of morbidity and to reduced need for long-term institutional care. (JAC)

  16. Safety of Live Robotic Surgery: Results from a Single Institution.

    PubMed

    Ogaya-Pinies, Gabriel; Abdul-Muhsin, Haidar; Palayapalayam-Ganapathi, Hariharan; Bonet, Xavier; Rogers, Travis; Rocco, Bernardo; Coelho, Rafael; Hernandez-Cardona, Eduardo; Jenson, Cathy; Patel, Vipul

    2017-08-28

    Live surgery events (LSEs) have become one of the most attended activities at surgical meetings and provide a unique opportunity for the audience to observe the decision-making process used by skilled and experienced surgeons in real time. However, there is an ongoing discussion on whether patients treated during LSE are at higher risk of complications. To examine LSE outcomes for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and establish patient safety and efficacy. From January 2008 to April 2016, >9000 patients underwent RARP at our institution, performed by a single surgeon. From this group, 36 patients underwent live RARP surgery (LS group) transmitted via video link from our institution to an external congress. A control group was obtained from our database to compare outcomes between the LS group and patients undergoing RARP under regular circumstances. The data were prospectively collected in a customized database and retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent RARP performed by a single surgeon at our institution. Postoperative outcomes were compared between the LS (n=36) and the control (n=108) groups using Student's t test and analysis of variance for continuous variables, and a two-tailed Fisher's exact test for categorical variables. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics (age, body mass index, comorbidities, preoperative Gleason score, Sexual Health Inventory for Men score and American Urological Association symptom score) between the groups. The median console time was shorter for the LS group (73min, interquartile range [IQR] 70-79) than for the control group (78min, IQR 75-87; p=0.0371). No major complications were reported in either group, and only four minor complications were observed in the control group (p=0.2415). After median follow-up of 31 mo (IQR 18-50), only one patient (2.77%) in the LS group experienced biochemical recurrence, compared to four (3.71%) in the

  17. Wilms' tumor: single centre retrospective study from South India.

    PubMed

    Guruprasad, B; Rohan, B; Kavitha, S; Madhumathi, D S; Lokanath, D; Appaji, L

    2013-09-01

    Wilms' tumor is the most common malignant renal tumor in paediatric age group, and is classically managed by multimodal treatment which involves surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The last few decades have seen a dramatic change in the prognosis of this disease, which once was a uniformly lethal malignancy. While there is plenty of data in world literature on the outcome of Wilms' tumor, there is paucity of data from India. Hence, we conducted the present study to analyze the outcome of Wilms' tumor at our institute. To study the clinicopathologic profile and outcome of Wilms' tumor with NWTS (National Wilms' Tumor Study Group) IV protocol. Sixty-one patients with histopathological proven diagnosis of Wilms' tumor and had received treatment at our institute from Jan 2003 through Dec 2010 were included for analysis. Patients received treatment based on NWTS IV protocol. Patients were analysed for overall survival and event free survival and these outcomes were correlated with age, sex, stage at presentation and histology. Favourable histology which included focal anaplasia was found in 80.3 % while unfavourable histology was elicited in 19.7 % of the cases. The estimated 5 year event-free survival was 83.3 % and overall survival was 85.2 %. Tumour histology was the single most important factor predicting the survival. Patients with childhood Wilms' still present very late in our setting, this poses management challenges as large tumor are technically difficult to deliver at surgery. Histology has a crucial role in outcome of this disease. With multidisciplinary approach, similar survival rates to National Wilms' Tumor Study Group seems to be achievable even in Indian scenario.

  18. Hospital nurses' occupational exposure to blood: prospective, retrospective, and institutional reports.

    PubMed Central

    Aiken, L H; Sloane, D M; Klocinski, J L

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study examined nurses risk of exposure to blood resulting from injuries with needles and sharps, the methods of estimating those risks, and the factors affecting risks. METHODS: Nurses on 40 medical units in 20 hospitals in cities with a high incidence of AIDS were studied. Percutaneous injuries were documented for every shift during a 30-day period. These prospective reports were compared with retrospective and institutional reports. Factors affecting the likelihood of injuries were explored. RESULTS: Based on the prospective reports, the rate of injuries to staff nurses was 0.8 per nurse-year. Prospective and retrospective rates were similar, while institutional rates were significantly lower. Factors associated with increased injuries included recapping needles and temporary work assignments. Working in hospitals characterized by professional nurse practice models and taking precautions to avoid blood contact were associated with fewer injuries. CONCLUSIONS: Injuries from needlesticks are more common than institutional reports suggest and do not occur at random. Diminishing the frequency with which nurses recap needles, increasing precautions they take, reducing use of temporary nursing personnel, and implementing organizational changes may lower the odds of nurses being injured. PMID:9065213

  19. Barium appendicitis: A single institution review in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Katagiri, Hideki; Lefor, Alan Kawarai; Kubota, Tadao; Mizokami, Ken

    2016-01-01

    AIM To review clinical experience with barium appendicitis at a single institution. METHODS A retrospective review of patients admitted with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis, from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 was performed. Age, gender, computed tomography (CT) scan findings if available, past history of barium studies, pathology, and the presence of perforation or the development of complications were reviewed. If the CT scan revealed high density material in the appendix, the maximum CT scan radiodensity of the material is measured in Hounsfield units (HU). Barium appendicitis is defined as: (1) patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis; (2) the patient has a history of a prior barium study; and (3) the CT scan shows high density material in the appendix. Patients who meet all three criteria are considered to have barium appendicitis. RESULTS In total, 396 patients were admitted with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in the study period. Of these, 12 patients (3.0%) met the definition of barium appendicitis. Of these 12 patients, the median CT scan radiodensity of material in the appendix was 10000.8 HU, ranging from 3066 to 23423 HU (± 6288.2). In contrast, the median CT scan radiodensity of fecaliths in the appendix, excluding patients with barium appendicitis, was 393.1 HU, ranging from 98 to 2151 HU (± 382.0). The CT scan radiodensity of material in the appendices of patients with barium appendicitis was significantly higher than in patients with nonbarium fecaliths (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION Barium appendicitis is not rare in Japan. Measurement of the CT scan radiodensity of material in the appendix may differentiate barium appendicitis from routine appendicitis. PMID:27721929

  20. Gender and Leadership Styles in Single-Sex Academic Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taleb, Hanan M.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the relationship between gender and female leadership styles in a single-sex academic institution in Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach: Essentially, a qualitative research approach that utilised a single case-study methodology was adopted. As part of this research, seven in-depth semi-structured…

  1. Retrospective analysis of institutional scabies outbreaks from 1984 to 2013: lessons learned and moving forward.

    PubMed

    Mounsey, K E; Murray, H C; King, M; Oprescu, F

    2016-08-01

    Scabies outbreaks can be disruptive in institutional settings, and are associated with considerable but under-researched morbidity, especially in vulnerable populations. In this paper, we describe key findings from a retrospective review of scabies outbreaks reported in the literature over the past 30 years. We undertook this review to gain insights into the impact of institutional outbreaks, the burden in terms of attack rates, economic costs, treatment trends, the types of index cases and outbreak progression. We found 84 reports over 30 years, with outbreaks most frequently reported in aged care facilities (n = 40) and hospitals (n = 33). On average, scabies outbreaks persisted for 3 months, and the median attack rate was 38%. While 1% lindane was once the most commonly employed acaricide, 5% permethrin and oral ivermectin are increasingly used. Crusted scabies represented the index case for 83% of outbreaks, and scabies was misdiagnosed in 43% outbreaks. The frequency of reported scabies outbreaks has not declined consistently over time suggesting the disease is still highly problematic. We contend that more research and practice emphasis must be paid to improve diagnostic methods, surveillance and control, health staff education and management of crusted scabies to prevent the development of scabies outbreaks in institutional settings.

  2. GREATER KUDU (TRAGELAPHUS STREPSICEROS) MORTALITY IN EUROPEAN ZOOLOGICAL INSTITUTIONS: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY.

    PubMed

    Leclerc, Antoine; Lamglait, Benjamin; Petit, Thierry; Roman, Yannick; Jebram, Joerg

    2016-06-01

    A questionnaire was sent to 39 European institutions holding greater kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), in order to determine the causes of captive greater kudu mortality. All reported macroscopic lesions and histopathologic observations, as well as other information regarding individuals that died, were analyzed to determine the most affected body systems and causes of death. Overall response rate was 31%, and 131 individuals were included in the study. The most frequently affected body systems were the digestive system (47%), respiratory system (38%), musculoskeletal system (37%), and cardiovascular system (32%). Most frequent causes of death were infectious diseases (27%) and trauma/accidents (18%); the cause was undetermined in 28% of cases. Nutrition-related disorders were difficult to assess, but results highlight possible nutritional imbalances. This retrospective study represents the first overview of greater kudu mortality in a captive population.

  3. A retrospective study of single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer

    PubMed Central

    Ryu, Eun Kyung; Song, Seung Hyun; Yoon, San Hyun; Lim, Kyung Sil; Lee, Won Don; Lim, Jin Ho

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the clinical outcomes of single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer cycles according to the hatching status of frozen-thawed blastocysts. Methods Frozen-thawed blastocysts were divided into three groups according to their hatching status as follows: less-than-expanded blastocyst (≤EdB), hatching blastocyst (HgB), and hatched blastocyst (HdB). The female age and infertility factors of each group were evaluated. The quality of the single frozen-thawed blastocyst was also graded as grade A, tightly packed inner cell mass (ICM) and many cells organized in the trophectoderm epithelium (TE); grade B, several and loose ICM and TE; and grade C, very few ICM and a few cells in the TE. The clinical pregnancy and implantation rate were compared between each group. The data were analyzed by either t-test or chi-square analysis. Results There were no statistically significant differences in average female ages, infertility factors, or the distribution of blastocyst grades A, B, and C in each group. There was no significant difference in the clinical pregnancy and implantation rate of each group according to their blastocyst grade. However, there was a significant difference in the clinical pregnancy and implantation rate between each group. In the HdB group, the clinical pregnancy and implantation rate were similar regardless of the blastocyst quality. Conclusion There was an effect on the clinical outcomes depending on whether the blastocyst hatched during single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer. When performing single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer, the hatching status of the frozen-thawed blastocyst may be a more important parameter for clinical outcomes than the quality of the frozen-thawed blastocyst. PMID:27358829

  4. A retrospective study of single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer.

    PubMed

    Hur, Yong Soo; Ryu, Eun Kyung; Song, Seung Hyun; Yoon, San Hyun; Lim, Kyung Sil; Lee, Won Don; Lim, Jin Ho

    2016-06-01

    To study the clinical outcomes of single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer cycles according to the hatching status of frozen-thawed blastocysts. Frozen-thawed blastocysts were divided into three groups according to their hatching status as follows: less-than-expanded blastocyst (≤EdB), hatching blastocyst (HgB), and hatched blastocyst (HdB). The female age and infertility factors of each group were evaluated. The quality of the single frozen-thawed blastocyst was also graded as grade A, tightly packed inner cell mass (ICM) and many cells organized in the trophectoderm epithelium (TE); grade B, several and loose ICM and TE; and grade C, very few ICM and a few cells in the TE. The clinical pregnancy and implantation rate were compared between each group. The data were analyzed by either t-test or chi-square analysis. There were no statistically significant differences in average female ages, infertility factors, or the distribution of blastocyst grades A, B, and C in each group. There was no significant difference in the clinical pregnancy and implantation rate of each group according to their blastocyst grade. However, there was a significant difference in the clinical pregnancy and implantation rate between each group. In the HdB group, the clinical pregnancy and implantation rate were similar regardless of the blastocyst quality. There was an effect on the clinical outcomes depending on whether the blastocyst hatched during single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer. When performing single frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer, the hatching status of the frozen-thawed blastocyst may be a more important parameter for clinical outcomes than the quality of the frozen-thawed blastocyst.

  5. A single-center retrospective study of pediatric hepatoblastoma

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Yi; Zhang, Weiling; Tang, Suoqin; Chen, Liping; Yi, You; Zhang, Pinwei; Liu, Aiping; Zhi, Tian; Huang, Dongsheng

    2016-01-01

    Hepatoblastoma is a malignant liver tumor generally diagnosed in infants and children <3 years old. The current retrospective study aimed to investigate the associations of tumor stage, pathological type, metastasis and chemotherapy with clinical outcomes. In the current study, a total of 102 patients with hepatoblastoma were enrolled between September 2006 and June 2014. Clinical records and follow-up information for each of patient were obtained to conduct a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank test. The median age of the subjects was 1.5 years, and 98 patients had stage III or IV hepatoblastoma. Complete or partial remittance occurred in 72 subjects, and 91 underwent surgical operation. The survival rate differed significantly among patients with different tumor stages (P=0.015, χ2=8.359). The mortality rate of stage IV subjects with intrahepatic metastasis was significantly higher than that of those without (P=0.004). Among the 45 subjects with relapsed hepatoblastoma, the mortality rate was higher in the subjects that abandoned chemotherapy than in patients who continued regular chemotherapy. In total, 27 of 45 subjects with relapsed hepatoblastoma succumbed to the disease; 20 of them abandoned chemotherapy treatment; and the remaining 7 patients underwent regular chemotherapy and succumbed to the disease by the end of follow-up. The present study indicates that the increased mortality rate was associated with postoperative residual-induced intrahepatic metastasis and relapsed hepatoblastoma; and that regular chemotherapy is necessary for patient to achieve complete or partial remission following surgical operation. PMID:27895749

  6. Prognosis of single molar implants: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Kim, Young-Kyun; Kim, Su-Gwan; Yun, Pil-Young; Hwang, Jung-Won; Son, Mee-Kyoung

    2010-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and mid-term prognosis of maxillary and mandibular single molar implants, prosthetic complications, and factors mediating the effects seen on them. Eighty-seven patients were enrolled consecutively in this study and 96 implants were placed into a single molar defect site by one oral and maxillofacial surgeon from March 2004 to December 2006. Primary osseointegration failure developed in two implants and delayed implant failure occurred at four implants. The fraction surviving interval was 97% to 100%, and at the last follow-up observation, the cumulative survival rate was 91.1%. All failed implants occurred in second molar sites, and the failure rate, according to implant site, showed a significant difference. Prosthetic complications, such as screw loosening, showed a significant correlation to the mesiodistal cantilever. Furthermore, crestal bone loss 3 years after loading was 0.2 mm on average and a very stable result was obtained. Based on the results, the risk of failure for maxillary and mandibular single molar implants is high and the possibility of developing prosthetic complications during loading is also high. Therefore, to minimize the cantilever, implants must be placed precisely and followed carefully and maintained for a long period of time.

  7. The Use of Latex Catheters to Close Enterocutaneous Fistulas: An Institutional Protocol and Retrospective Review.

    PubMed

    Young, Shamar; D'Souza, Donna; Hunter, David; Golzarian, Jafar; Rosenberg, Michael

    2017-06-01

    The objective of our study was to retrospectively review an institutional protocol that uses latex catheters for the treatment of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) that are resistant to simple drainage. Forty-six consecutive patients with ECFs that did not close with simple abscess drainage were treated with latex catheters. These patients' charts were retrospectively reviewed to determine treatment success rates and the relationship of treatment success to clinical characteristics. ECFs in 26 of the 46 (56.5%) patients were treated successfully with latex catheters. On univariate analysis, the fistulas that originated from the stomach were statistically less likely to close (p = 0.03), whereas those originating from the small bowel were more likely to close (p = 0.01). The duration of treatment was significantly longer in patients for whom the treatment failed than in those who were successfully treated (p = 0.003). After a total treatment time of more than 116 days (odds ratio [OR], 9.8 [95% CI, 2.5-38.4]; p = 0.001) or latex catheter treatment time of more than 74 days (OR, 8.9 [95% CI, 2.2-35.0]; p = 0.002), the chance of ECF closure decreased significantly. Treatment of ECFs that are resistant to simple abscess cavity drainage with a latex catheter is possible and decreases the need for surgery.

  8. Breast phyllodes tumor: a review of literature and a single center retrospective series analysis.

    PubMed

    Spitaleri, Gianluca; Toesca, Antonio; Botteri, Edoardo; Bottiglieri, Luca; Rotmensz, Nicole; Boselli, Sabrina; Sangalli, Claudia; Catania, Chiara; Toffalorio, Francesca; Noberasco, Cristina; Delmonte, Angelo; Luini, Alberto; Veronesi, Paolo; Colleoni, Marco; Viale, Giuseppe; Zurrida, Stefano; Goldhirsch, Aron; Veronesi, Umberto; De Pas, Tommaso

    2013-11-01

    Complete surgical resection is the standard treatment for localized breast phyllodes tumors. Post-surgical treatments are still a matter of debate. We carried out an overview of the literature to investigate the clinical outcome of patients with phyllodes tumor. A retrospective analysis of mono-institutional series has been included as well. We reviewed all the retrospective series reported from 1951 until April 2012. We analyzed cases treated at our institution from 1999 to 2010. Eighty-three articles (5530 patients; 1956 malignant tumors) were reviewed. Local recurrences were independent of histology. Distant recurrences were more frequent in the malignant tumors (22%). A total of 172 phyllodes tumors were included in the retrospective analysis. Prognosis of phyllodes tumors is excellent. There are no convincing data to recommend any adjuvant treatment after surgery. Molecular characterization may well provide new clues to permit identification of active treatments for the rare poor prognosis cases. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Breast cancer mammographic diagnosis performance in a public health institution: a retrospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Mello, Juliana M R B; Bittelbrunn, Fernando P; Rockenbach, Marcio A B C; May, Guilherme G; Vedolin, Leonardo M; Kruger, Marilia S; Soldatelli, Matheus D; Zwetsch, Guilherme; de Miranda, Gabriel T F; Teixeira, Saone I P; Arruda, Bruna S

    2017-10-04

    To evaluate the quality assurance of mammography results at a reference institution for the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in southern Brazil, based on the BIRADS (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System) 5th edition recommendations for auditing purposes. Retrospective cohort and cross-sectional study with 4502 patients (9668 mammographies)) who underwent at least one or both breast mammographies throughout 2013 at a regional public hospital, linked to a federal public university. The results were followed until 31 December 2014, including true positives (TPs), true negatives (TNs), false positives (FPs), false negatives (FNs), positive predictive values (PPVs), negative predictive value (NPV), sensitivity and specificity, with a confidence interval of 95%. The study showed high quality assurance, particularly regarding sensitivity (90.22%) and specificity (92.31%). The overall positive predictive value (PPV) was 65.35%, and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 98.32%. The abnormal interpretation rate (recall rate) was 12.26%. The results are appropriate when compared to the values proposed by the BIRADS 5th edition. Additionally, the study provided self-reflection considering our radiological practice, which is essential for improvements and collaboration regarding breast cancer detection. It may stimulate better radiological practice performance and continuing education, despite possible infrastructure and facility limitations. • Accurate quality performance rates are possible despite financial and governmental limitations. • Low-income institutions should develop standardised teamwork to improve radiological practice. • Regular mammography audits may help to increase the quality of public health systems.

  10. A phase II single institution single arm prospective study with paclitaxel, ifosfamide and cisplatin (TIP) as first-line chemotherapy in high-risk germ cell tumor patients with more than ten years follow-up and retrospective correlation with ERCC1, Topoisomerase 1, 2A, p53 and HER-2 expression.

    PubMed

    Ligia Cebotaru, Cristina; Zenovia Antone, Nicoleta; Diana Olteanu, Elena; Bejinariu, Nona; Buiga, Rares; Todor, Nicolae; Ioana Iancu, Dana; Eliade Ciuleanu, Tudor; Nagy, Viorica

    2016-01-01

    One half of high-risk germ cell tumor (HRGCT) patients relapse after standard chemotherapy. This phase II study evaluated prospectively the toxicity and efficacy in first-line of the paclitaxel-ifosfamide-cisplatin combination (TIP) in HRGCT patients and tried to identify biomarkers that may allow patient-tailored treatments. Between October 1997- September 2000, 28 chemo-naive HRGCT patients were enrolled. Patients received 4 cycles of TIP (paclitaxel 175 mg/m(2) day 1/; ifosfamide 1.2 g/m(2)/day, days 1-5; Mesna 1.2 g/m(2)/day, days 1-5; and cisplatin 20 mg/m(2)/day, days 1-5 every 3 weeks). A non-randomized comparison was made between HRGCT patients treated in the same period with first-line TIP and bleomycin-etoposide-cisplatin (BEP) (28 patients vs 20). In 17 HRGCT patients treated between 1998-2006, ERCC1, Topoisomerase 1 and 2A, p53 and HER-2 expression was retrospectively analysed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) (7 patients with TIP, 10 with BEP), and correlations were made with response to chemotherapy and survival. With a median follow-up of 72 months [range 48+...89+], 5-year disease free survival (DFS) was 55%, with 95% CI 36-72, and the overall survival (OS) was 63%, with 95% CI 44-78. In June 2015, with a median follow-up of 196.47 months (range 177.30-209.27) (>15 years), 12 [%?] patients were alive and disease-free, and 16 [%?] had died (12 specific causes). There was no significant correlation between the expression of ERCC1, Topoisomerase 1 and 2A, HER-2 and p53 and response to treatment. Long-term follow-up showed no difference in OS between TIP vs BEP as first-line therapy. Both regimens had mild toxicity.

  11. Retrospective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brooks, David A.

    Charting a course toward an uncertain future is always a risky business, especially among shoals of fiscal restraint or national tragedy, and the prudent navigator is well advised to remember where he's been as he looks ahead. The ocean and space sciences are poised for grand joint adventures, but shrinking budgets and the lingering Challenger numbness are restrictive lee shores that must be considered when laying plans. To sharpen the focus on future choices, it may be helpful to glance in the geophysical rearview mirror and remember some of the challenges and opportunities of a different era.A quarter century is a long time, but many images from 25 years ago can still be recalled in crisp detail, like photographs in a scrapbook. In 1961, results from the International Geophysical Year (IGY) filled the pages of the Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, and the U.S. program of space exploration finally was underway with conviction. The Indian Ocean Expedition, conceived during the IGY, ushered in a new era of international oceanography. The TIROS III satellite beamed to earth fuzzy pictures of tropical storms and revealed the intricate writhings of the Gulf Stream. Forecasters and fluid dynamicists suddenly saw new horizons, and geophysical turbulence became a major topic at the IUGG Symposium in Marseilles, France. Papers with prescient themes were presented at the AGU Ocean Section meeting: June Pattullo (then at Oregon State College, Corvallis) on heat storage in the Pacific; Ferris Webster (then at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.) on Gulf Stream meanders. Polar oceanography was well represented in AGU journals: Kenneth Hunkins (at what was then called the Lamont Geological Observatory, Palisades, N.Y.) described the Alpha Rise, discovered from a drifting Arctic ice island, and Edward Thiel (then at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis) and his co-workers discussed open ocean tides, gravimetrically measured from Antarctic

  12. Pediatric Infectious Endophthalmitis: A 271-case Retrospective Study at a Single Center in China

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Meng; Xu, Ge-Zhi; Jiang, Rui; Ni, Ying-Qin; Wang, Ke-Yan; Gu, Rui-Ping; Ding, Xin-Yi

    2016-01-01

    Background: Pediatric infectious endophthalmitis is a serious sight-threatening disease for children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the etiology, microbiological spectrum, and visual outcomes of infectious endophthalmitis in children at a single institution in China. Methods: It is a retrospective study of the medical records of all patients under 14 years of age with histories of infectious endophthalmitis, treated at a single institution from January 1, 2009 to January 1, 2015. The clinical characteristics, etiology, microbiological spectrum, and management, as well as the visual outcomes, were analyzed. The Kappa test and Chi-square test were used in the statistical evaluation. Results: A total of 271 children were identified, with a mean age of 5.61 ± 2.93 years (range 5 months to 14 years). Ocular trauma (94.8%) and previous ocular surgery (3.0%) were the most common etiologies. Overall, 147 (54.2%) cases had positive cultures, and 176 organisms were isolated from these patients. A single species was isolated in 120 (81.6%) cases, with multiple organisms in 27 (18.4%) cases, and the most commonly identified organisms were coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species, comprising 29.5% and 26.8% of the isolates, respectively. Moreover, of 176 isolates, 142 (80.8%) were Gram-positive organisms, 23 (13.0%) were Gram-negative organisms, and 11 (6.2%) were fungi. The final visual outcomes were 20/200 or better in 66 (24.4%) eyes, counting fingers to 20/200 in 34 (12.5%), hand motions in 30 (11.1%), light perception in 33 (12.2%), no light perception in 32 (11.8%), and 9 (3.3%) eyes were enucleated or eviscerated. The visual outcomes were not available in 67 (24.7%) patients. Conclusions: Penetrating ocular trauma is the most frequent cause of pediatric endophthalmitis in China. Streptococcus and Staphylococcus species are the most commonly identified organisms in exogenous pediatric endophthalmitis whereas Fusarium species are commonly

  13. Patients with osteosarcoma with a single pulmonary nodule on computed tomography: a single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Fernandez-Pineda, Israel; Daw, Najat C; McCarville, Beth; Emanus, Liza J; Rao, Bhaskar N; Davidoff, Andrew M; Shochat, Stephen J

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine if patients with osteosarcoma (OS) with metachronous metastatic pulmonary disease presenting with a single pulmonary nodule (SPN) on computed tomography (CT) were found to have other lesions at the time of thoracotomy. Data were collected retrospectively on consecutive patients with OS treated at our institution from 1982 to 2007. Patients with no evidence of disease at the end of initial therapy who subsequently relapsed in the lung were identified. In our study, 16 (8%) of 198 patients with OS with metachronous metastatic pulmonary disease presented with a SPN on CT scan. In all patients, only 1 metastatic nodule for OS was found at the time of thoracotomy. The median time between diagnosis and first lung relapse was 23.8 months (range, 4-80 months). Eleven patients (68.7%) subsequently had a second lung relapse, but only 3 patients had involvement of the ipsilateral lung (mean time interval between first and second pulmonary relapses of 17 months; range, 2-44 months). Five-year overall survival from diagnosis was 56.2%. Seven patients (43.8%) died of disease progression. In our experience, patients with OS with metachronous metastatic pulmonary disease presenting with a SPN on CT were not found to have additional malignant lesions at the time of thoracotomy. Consideration should be given in this group of selected patients to use a minimally invasive approach to nodule removal with image-guided localization, if needed, rather than open thoracotomy because ipsilateral metastases are not likely to be found. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Management of Infected Mesh After Abdominal Hernia Repair: Systematic Review and Single-Institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Shubinets, Valeriy; Carney, Martin J; Colen, David L; Mirzabeigi, Michael N; Weissler, Jason M; Lanni, Michael A; Braslow, Benjamin M; Fischer, John P; Kovach, Stephen J

    2017-06-01

    Mesh infection after abdominal hernia repair is a devastating complication that affects general and plastic surgeons alike. The purpose of this study was 3-fold: (1) to determine current evidence for treatment of infected abdominal wall mesh via systematic review of literature, (2) to analyze our single-institution experience with treatment of infected mesh patients, and (3) to establish a framework for how to approach this complex clinical problem. Literature search was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines, followed by single-institution retrospective analysis of infected mesh patients. A total of 3565 abstracts and 92 full-text articles were reviewed. For qualitative and quantitative assessment, articles were subdivided on the basis of treatment approach: "conservative management," "excision of mesh with primary closure," "single-stage reconstruction," "immediate staged repair," and "repair in contaminated field." Evidence for each treatment approach is presented. At our institution, most patients (40/43) were treated by excision of infected mesh and single-stage reconstruction with biologic mesh. When the mesh was placed in a retrorectus or underlay fashion, 21.4% rate of hernia recurrence was achieved. Bridged repairs were highly prone to recurrence (88.9%; P = 0.001), but the bridging biologic mesh seemed to maintain domain and potentially contribute to a more effective repair in the future. Of the patients who underwent additional ("secondary") repairs after recurrence, 75% were eventually able to achieve "hernia-free" state. This study reviews the literature and our single-institution experience regarding treatment of infected abdominal wall mesh. Framework is developed for how to approach this complex clinical problem.

  15. Symptomatic versus asymptomatic pyeloplasties: A single institution review

    PubMed Central

    Metcalfe, Peter D.; Assmus, Mark; Kiddoo, Darcie

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Historically, pyeloplasties have been performed after symptoms and radiographic confirmation of an ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). However, with prenatal ultrasonography, the approach to patients has fundamentally changed. Increasingly, patients are diagnosed and treated before the advent of morbidity, based on imaging findings alone. However, optimum screening strategies and thresholds for intervention vary significantly, are controversial, and are not founded on outcome-based evidence. We examined all pyeloplasties performed at our institution and reviewed their indication for surgery. We hypothesized that, despite ubiquitous screening for UPJO, most pyeloplasties had been performed secondary to symptoms and did not benefit from antenatal screening. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all pyeloplasties performed at the Stollery Children’s Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, over the past 8 years. Patients were categorized according to indication for surgery: symptomatic or asymptomatic. Results: Most (60%) of our pyeloplasties were performed for symptomatic indications. Furthermore, 12% of these patients had antenatally detected hydronephrosis that was thought to have resolved spontaneously during follow-up. Of our symptomatic patients, 37% were undergoing surveillance with the expectation for spontaneous resolution. Of the 29 patients who underwent pyeloplasty, 8 suffered a preoperative loss of function on renal scans; however, only 50% returned to within 90% of their original function. Conclusion: Despite active surveillance of antenatally detected hydronephrosis, most pyeloplasties at our institution were performed for de-novo symptoms. We believe that this simple observation reinforces that our current surveillance strategies are unable to predict and eliminate all morbidity from UPJO. PMID:25553157

  16. Peripherally inserted central venous catheter safety in burn care: a single-center retrospective cohort review.

    PubMed

    Austin, Ryan E; Shahrokhi, Shahriar; Bolourani, Siavash; Jeschke, Marc G

    2015-01-01

    The use of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line for central venous access in thermally injured patients has increased in recent years despite a lack of evidence regarding safety in this patient population. A recent survey of invasive catheter practices among 44 burn centers in the United States found that 37% of burn units use PICC lines as part of their treatment protocol. The goal of this study was to compare PICC-associated complication rates with the existing literature in both the critical care and burn settings. The methodology involved is a single institution retrospective cohort review of patients who received a PICC line during admission to a regional burn unit between 2008 and 2013. Fifty-three patients were identified with a total of seventy-three PICC lines. The primary outcome measurement for this study was indication for PICC line discontinuation. The most common reason for PICC line discontinuation was that the line was no longer indicated (45.2%). Four cases of symptomatic upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (5.5%) and three cases of central line-associated bloodstream infection (4.3%, 2.72 infections per 1000 line days) were identified. PICC lines were in situ an average of 15 days (range 1 to 49 days). We suggest that PICC line-associated complication rates are similar to those published in the critical care literature. Though these rates are higher than those published in the burn literature, they are similar to central venous catheter-associated complication rates. While PICC lines can be a useful resource in the treatment of the thermally injured patient, they are associated with significant and potentially fatal risks.

  17. Single-port laparoscopic surgery in acute appendicitis: retrospective comparative analysis for 618 patients.

    PubMed

    Kang, Byung Mo; Hwang, Ji Woong; Ryu, Byoung Yoon

    2016-11-01

    Transumbilical single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPLA) is a promising procedure that features less pain, faster recovery of postoperative bowel function and superior cosmetic results. We performed a retrospective comparative analysis of SPLA versus conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLA) to evaluate the safety and efficacy in acute appendicitis. From December 2008 to November 2013, laparoscopic surgery was performed on 636 patients with acute appendicitis at the Department of Surgery, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital. Under approval of Institutional Review Board, data concerning baseline characteristics, operative outcomes, postoperative complications and postoperative functional recovery were compared between both procedures. After exclusion of 18 patients, 618 patients treated for acute appendicitis were included. SPLA was performed in 375 patients and CLA in 243 patients. Complicated appendicitis was more prevalent in the CLA group (26.3 %) than in the SPLA group (17.1 %) (p = 0.005). There was no difference between groups in operation time (p = 0.235), postoperative duration of hospital stay (p = 0.672) and readmission rate (p = 0.688). The rate of postoperative complications was similar in both groups (10.7 % in SPLA vs. 11.1 % in CLA, p = 0.862). In subgroup analysis of complicated appendicitis, more patients needed conversion to open surgery in the SPLA group (15.6 vs. 1.6 %, p = 0.005). In uncomplicated appendicitis, SPLA can be performed safely and efficiently. However, more selective indication for SPLA should be applied in cases of complicated appendicitis because of the greater risk of open conversion.

  18. Pulmonary Fungal Diseases in Immunocompetent Hosts: A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis of 35 Subjects.

    PubMed

    Yan, XiaoPei; Zong, Feng; Kong, Hui; Wang, YanLi; Zhao, XinYun; Liu, WenRui; Wang, ZaiLiang; Xie, WeiPing

    2016-08-01

    Pulmonary fungal disease is an emerging issue in immunocompetent patients, for whom the characteristics are only partially understood. We conducted a single-center retrospective study of histologically verified pulmonary fungal disease in Eastern China from 2006 to 2014 to understand the demographics, clinical manifestations, therapeutic approaches, and factors associated with prognosis in this population. All cases were diagnosed according to the 2008 European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group and the National Institute of Allergy and Infection Diseases Mycoses Study Group definition criteria. A total of 112 cases of pulmonary fungal diseases were enrolled (35 proven, 16 probable, 61 possible), and we analyzed the 35 patients with histologically proven pulmonary fungal diseases in this study. The main fungal species identified were Aspergillus (51.4 %), Cryptococcus (22.9 %), and Mucor (2.4 %). Treatment consisted of antifungal therapeutic agents (54.3 %), surgery and postsurgical agents (25.7 %), or surgery alone (14.3 %). The overall crude mortality rate was 14.3 %, and the mortality due to pulmonary fungal infections was 2.9 %. Significant predictors of mortality by univariate analysis were hypoalbuminemia (P = 0.005), cancer (P = 0.008), and positive culture (P = 0.044). Additionally, hypoalbuminemia was the only risk factor for mortality by multivariate analysis (RR = 7.56, 95 % CI 1.38-41.46). Pulmonary fungal disease in immunocompetent patients, with Aspergillus as the most common identified species, had a prognosis that was influenced by the level of serum albumin.

  19. Systemic histoplasmosis: a 15-year retrospective institutional review of 111 patients.

    PubMed

    Assi, Maha A; Sandid, Mohamad S; Baddour, Larry M; Roberts, Glenn D; Walker, Randall C

    2007-05-01

    To our knowledge, an institutional review of systemic histoplasmosis has not been conducted in the United States since the major outbreaks in Indianapolis in 1978-4982. We conducted a retrospective review of all patients with systemic histoplasmosis diagnosed at Mayo Clinic over a 15-year period. The case definitions employed were based on an international consensus statement by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group (EORTC/IFICG) and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group (MSG). One hundred eleven patients with systemic histoplasmosis were identified between January 1, 1991, and December 31, 2005. Of these, 78 patients had disseminated histoplasmosis and 55 patients had Histoplasma capsulatum fungemia. The mean age of patients was 55 years, 66% were male, and 98% were white. Fifty-nine percent of patients were immunocompromised. Fever was the most frequently reported symptom (63%), followed by respiratory complaints (43%) and weight loss (37%). The peripheral white blood cell count was <3000 cells/mm in 28%, hemoglobin was <10 g/dL in 29%, and platelet count was <150,000 cells/mm in 41% of patients. Liver enzymes were elevated (alanine aminotransferase >60 U/L in 39%, aspartate aminotransferase >60 U/L in 27%), alkaline phosphatase was >200 U/L in 55%, and albumin was <3.5 g/dL in 70%. Serologic and histopathologic examinations were each positive in 75% of cases, Histoplasma urine antigen screening was positive in 80%, and H. capsulatum was culture positive in 84%. Forty-seven percent of patients were sequentially treated with an amphotericin B-containing product followed by itraconazole, 31% received itraconazole alone, and 7% received an amphotericin B-containing product only. Another 13% of patients did not receive antifungal treatment, and the remaining 2% did not have treatment data available. Sixty percent of patients required hospitalization, and in

  20. Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer: A Multi-Institutional Retrospective Analysis of 144 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Ogawa, Kazuhiko; Karasawa, Katsuyuki; Ito, Yoshinori; Ogawa, Yoshihiro; Jingu, Keiichi; Onishi, Hiroshi; Aoki, Shinichi; Wada, Hitoshi; Kokubo, Masaki; Ogo, Etsuyo; Etoh, Hidehiro; Kazumoto, Tomoko; Takayama, Makoto; Nemoto, Kenji; Nishimura, Yasumasa

    2011-05-01

    Purpose: To retrospectively analyze the results of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) + external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for unresectable pancreatic cancer. Methods and Materials: The records of 144 patients treated with IORT, with or without, EBRT were reviewed. One hundred and thirteen patients (78.5%) were treated with IORT + EBRT and 114 patients (79.2%) were treated in conjunction with chemotherapy. The median doses of IORT and EBRT were 25 Gy and 45 Gy, respectively. The median follow-up of all 144 patients was 9.6 months (range, 0.5-69.7 months). Results: At the time of this analysis, 131 of 144 patients (91.0%) had disease recurrences. Local progression was observed in 60 patients (41.7%), and the 2-year local control (LC) rate in all patients was 44.6%. Patients treated with IORT, with or without, EBRT had significantly more favorable LC (2-year LC, 50.9%) than those treated with IORT without EBRT (p = 0.0004). The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate and the median survival time in all 144 patients were 14.7% and 10.5 months, respectively. Patients treated with chemotherapy had a significantly favorable OS than those treated without chemotherapy (p < 0.0001). On univariate analysis, chemotherapy use alone had a significant impact on OS and on multivariate analysis; chemotherapy use was a significant prognostic factor. Late gastrointestinal morbidity of National Cancer Institute-Common Terminology Criteria Grade 3 was observed in 2 patients (1.4%). Conclusion: IORT + EBRT yields a relatively favorable LC rate for unresectable pancreatic cancer with low frequency of severe late toxicity, and IORT combined with chemotherapy conferred a survival benefit compared with IORT without chemotherapy.

  1. The Use of Transanal Hemorrhoidal Dearterialization for Treatment of Hemorrhoid Disease at a Single Institution.

    PubMed

    Haskins, Ivy N; Holzmacher, Jeremy; Obias, Vincent; Agarwal, Samir

    2016-12-01

    Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) is a relatively new, minimally invasive approach for the treatment of hemorrhoid disease. Despite increasing use of this procedure, there remains scarce United States-based data on the perioperative variables affected by this surgical technique. This article details the experience with THD at a single institution. This is a single-institution study that includes consecutive patients that underwent THD at George Washington University from November 2011 to April 2014. After Institutional Review Board approval, retrospective chart review was performed. Patient demographic information, preoperative management of hemorrhoid disease, and quality of life indicators after THD were collected for all patients. A total of 96 patients underwent THD during the period of investigation. A majority of the patients were male and all patients had grade II or III hemorrhoids. Most patients who underwent THD presented with rectal bleeding. Four patients required postoperative admission to the hospital for pain control, eight patients experienced constipation postoperatively, and one patient had recurrence of their hemorrhoid disease at 30-day follow-up. No patients required admission to the hospital for postoperative hemorrhage and none experienced urinary retention or incontinence of flatus or stool. THD is a feasible alternative to Ferguson hemorrhoidectomy for the surgical treatment of grade II and III hemorrhoidal disease. Future prospective studies are needed to help improve patient selection for each respective surgical approach.

  2. Surgical and endovascular treatment of visceral arteries aneurysms: single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Dalainas, Ilias; Nano, Giovanni; Casana, Renato; Bianchi, Paolo; Stegher, Silvia; Malacrida, Giovanni; Tealdi, Domenico G

    2006-01-01

    Through a retrospective single-Institution study we report our experience on the treatment of the visceral arteries aneurysms, surgical or endovascular. Between February 1993 and February 2003, 17 patients were admitted to our Institution for treatment of an aneurysm of a visceral artery. In the pre-endovascular period for our Institution (1993-1998), 9 patients have been treated surgically. In the second period (1998-2003), 4 patients were treated surgically; and 4 with an endovascular procedure. Only 1 patient died in the operating room because of the advanced hypovolemic shock (rupture pancreatoduodenal artery aneurysm) that was admitted to the Institution. She was one of the surgically treated patients of the second period. No other complications occurred in the other patients. The endovascular procedures had favorable outcome. Actually, the treatment of choice in our Department is interventistic, preferring endovascular treatment when the clinical and anatomo-morphological conditions are favorable. When the morphologic conditions are not favorable, the surgical reconstruction should respect as much as possible the anatomic location of the lesion.

  3. Management of perisylvian arteriovenous malformations: a retrospective institutional case series and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Pabaney, Aqueel H; Reinard, Kevin A; Massie, Lara W; Naidu, Padmaja K; Mohan, Yedathore S; Marin, Horia; Malik, Ghaus M

    2014-09-01

    Sylvian arteriovenous malformations (sAVMs) are challenging lesions of the central nervous system. The natural history of these unique lesions as well as clinical outcomes following treatment of sAVMs has been limited to case series owing to the rarity of these lesions. The authors present their experience with sAVMs and review the literature. In accordance with the Henry Ford Institutional Review Board, medical records of patients with sAVMs treated from 2000 to 2012 were reviewed. Clinical data were retrospectively collected to calculate pre- and posttreatment modified Rankin Scale scores for all patients. The authors identified 15 patients with sAVMs who received treatment. Of these, 12 were female and 3 were male, and the average age at presentation was 39.6 ± 12.94 years (± SD). Two patients (13.3%) had Spetzler-Martin Grade I lesions, 6 patients (40%) had Grade II lesions, 5 patients (33.3%) had Grade III lesions, and another 2 (13.3%) harbored Grade IV arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). According to the Sugita classification, 6 patients (40%) had medial lesions, 6 (40%) had lateral lesions, 2 (13.3%) had deep lesions, and 1 patient (6.67%) had a pure sAVM. Eight patients (53.3%) underwent stereotactic radiosurgery while 7 patients (46.7%) had microsurgical resection; 1 patient underwent surgical extirpation after incomplete response following radiosurgery. After treatment, 9 patients were unchanged from pretreatment (60%), 3 patients worsened, and 2 patients had improved functional outcome (20% and 13.3%, respectively). The authors' literature search yielded 348 patients with sAVMs, most of them harboring Spetzler-Martin Grade II and III lesions. Approximately 98% of the patients underwent resection with excellent outcomes. While the ideal choice of therapeutic modality for cerebral AVMs remains controversial in light of the recent publication of the ARUBA (A Randomized trial of Unruptured Brain AVMs) trial, a multidisciplinary treatment approach for the

  4. Glioblastoma in Children: A Single-Institution Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Perkins, Stephanie M.; Rubin, Joshua B.; Leonard, Jeffrey R.; Smyth, Matthew D.; El Naqa, Issam; Michalski, Jeff M.; Simpson, Joseph R.; Limbrick, David L.; Park, Tae S.; Mansur, David B.

    2011-07-15

    Purpose: Current treatment recommendations for pediatric glioblastoma include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. However, even with this multispecialty approach, overall survival remains poor. To assess outcome and evaluate treatment-related prognostic factors, we retrospectively reviewed the experience at our institution. Methods and Materials: Twenty-four glioblastoma patients under the age of 21 were treated with radiation therapy with curative intent at Washington University, St. Louis, from 1970 to 2008. Patients underwent gross total resection, subtotal resection or biopsy alone. Fourteen (58%) of the patients received chemotherapy. All patients received radiation therapy. Radiation consisted of whole-brain radiation therapy in 7 (29%) patients with a median dose of 50.4 Gy. Seventeen (71%) patients received three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy with a median dose of 54 Gy. Results: Median follow-up was 12.5 months from diagnosis. One and 2-year overall survival rates were 57% and 32%, respectively. Median overall survival was 13.5 months. There were no differences in overall survival based on patients' age, race, gender, tumor location, radiation volume, radiation dose, or the use of chemotherapy. There was a significant improvement in overall survival for patients in whom gross total resection was achieved (p = 0.023). Three patients were alive 5 years after gross total resection, and 2 patients were alive at 10 and 24 years after diagnosis. Conclusions: Survival for children with glioblastoma remains poor. Data from this and other studies demonstrate the importance of achieving a gross total resection. Continued investigation into new treatment options is needed in an attempt to improve outcome for these patients.

  5. Cavernous sinus hemangioma: a fourteen year single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Bansal, Sumit; Suri, Ashish; Singh, Manmohan; Kale, Shashank Sharad; Agarwal, Deepak; Sharma, Manish Singh; Mahapatra, Ashok Kumar; Sharma, Bhawani Shankar

    2014-06-01

    Cavernous sinus hemangioma (CSH) is a rare extra-axial vascular neoplasm that accounts for 2% to 3% of all cavernous sinus tumors. Their location, propensity for profuse bleeding during surgery, and relationship to complex neurovascular structures are factors which present difficulty in excising these lesions. The authors describe their experience of 22 patients with CSH over 14 years at a tertiary care center. Patients were managed with microsurgical resection using a purely extradural transcavernous approach (13 patients) and with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS; Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden) (nine patients). Retrospective data analysis found headache and visual impairment were the most common presenting complaints, followed by facial hypesthesia and diplopia. All but one patient had complete tumor excision in the surgical series. Transient ophthalmoparesis (complete resolution in 6-8 weeks) was the most common surgical complication. In the GKRS group, marked tumor shrinkage (>50% tumor volume reduction) was achieved in two patients, slight shrinkage in five and no change in two patients, with symptom improvement in the majority of patients. To our knowledge, we describe one of the largest series of CSH managed at a single center. Although microsurgical resection using an extradural transcavernous approach is considered the treatment of choice in CSH and allows complete excision with minimal mortality and long-term morbidity, GKRS is an additional tool for treating residual symptomatic lesions or in patients with associated comorbidities making surgical resection unsuitable.

  6. Seizure outcomes of lesionectomy in pediatric lesional epilepsy with brain tumor -- single institute experience.

    PubMed

    Jo, Kyung Il; Shin, Hyung Jin; Hong, Seung-Chyul

    2013-09-01

    To determine the clinical characteristics, surgical strategy, and outcome in pediatric lesional epilepsy patients younger than 5years of age undergoing surgery in a single institute. Retrospective data were collected and analyzed on patients younger than 5years of age who underwent lesionectomy for lesional epilepsy at single institute from January 2001 to August 2010. Fourteen pediatric lesional epilepsy patients were enrolled in this study. Engel classification was used to classify seizure outcome. Median preoperative seizure period was 1month (range, 1-21). Median post-operative follow up period was 35months (range 13-84). Ten patients who underwent gross total resection of tumor showed Engel class Ia seizure outcome without any antiepileptic drug (AED). Subtotal resection was performed in four patients to avoid eloquent area injury. Two of these four patients with subtotal removal became seizure-free (Engel class Ia) without AED, while two were in Engel class Ib with AED medication. There was no significant surgical morbidity or mortality. Lesionectomy in children younger than 5years of age is relatively safe and effective in controlling seizures. Short preoperative seizure periods and total removal of tumor might be associated with good outcome. Therefore, early and complete lesionectomy alone may help allow for seizure freedom and optimal brain development in pediatric patients. Copyright © 2013 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Increased risk of peripartum perinatal mortality in unplanned births outside an institution: a retrospective population-based study.

    PubMed

    Engjom, Hilde M; Morken, Nils-Halvdan; Høydahl, Even; Norheim, Ole F; Klungsøyr, Kari

    2017-08-01

    Births in midwife-led institutions may reduce the frequency of medical interventions and provide cost-effective care, while larger institutions offer medically and technically advanced obstetric care. Unplanned births outside an institution and intrapartum stillbirths have frequently been excluded in previous studies on adverse outcomes by place of birth. The objective of the study was to assess peripartum mortality by place of birth and travel time to obstetric institutions, with the hypothesis that centralization reduces institution availability but improves mortality. This was a national population-based retrospective cohort study of all births in Norway from 1999 to 2009 (n = 648,555) using data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway and Statistics Norway and including births from 22 gestational weeks or birthweight ≥500 g. Main exposures were travel time to the nearest obstetric institution and place of birth. The main clinical outcome was peripartum mortality, defined as death during birth or within 24 hours. Intrauterine fetal deaths prior to start of labor were excluded from the primary outcome. A total of 1586 peripartum deaths were identified (2.5 per 1000 births). Unplanned birth outside an institution had a 3 times higher mortality (8.4 per 1000) than institutional births (2.4 per 1000), relative risk, 3.5 (95% confidence interval, 2.5-4.9) and contributed 2% (95% confidence interval, 1.2-3.0%) of the peripartum mortality at the population level. The risk of unplanned birth outside an institution increased from 0.5% to 3.3% and 4.5% with travel time <1 hour, 1-2 hours, and >2 hours, respectively. In obstetric institutions the mortality rate at term ranged from 0.7 per 1000 to 0.9 per 1000. Comparable mortality rates in different obstetric institutions indicated well-functioning routines for referral. Unplanned birth outside an institution was associated with increased peripartum mortality and with long travel time to obstetric institutions

  8. Modeling retrospective attribution of responsibility to hazard-managing institutions: an example involving a food contamination incident.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Branden B; Hallman, William K; Cuite, Cara L

    2015-03-01

    Perceptions of institutions that manage hazards are important because they can affect how the public responds to hazard events. Antecedents of trust judgments have received far more attention than antecedents of attributions of responsibility for hazard events. We build upon a model of retrospective attribution of responsibility to individuals to examine these relationships regarding five classes of institutions that bear responsibility for food safety: producers (e.g., farmers), processors (e.g., packaging firms), watchdogs (e.g., government agencies), sellers (e.g., supermarkets), and preparers (e.g., restaurants). A nationally representative sample of 1,200 American adults completed an Internet-based survey in which a hypothetical scenario involving contamination of diverse foods with Salmonella served as the stimulus event. Perceived competence and good intentions of the institution moderately decreased attributions of responsibility. A stronger factor was whether an institution was deemed (potentially) aware of the contamination and free to act to prevent or mitigate it. Responsibility was rated higher the more aware and free the institution. This initial model for attributions of responsibility to impersonal institutions (as opposed to individual responsibility) merits further development.

  9. Ameloblastoma: 25 Year Experience at a Single Institution.

    PubMed

    Milman, Tatyana; Ying, Gui-Shuang; Pan, Wei; LiVolsi, Virginia

    2016-12-01

    Ameloblastoma is a rare, locally aggressive odontogenic neoplasm, accounting for fewer than 1 % of head and neck tumors. Recent literature suggests that the initial surgical approach and histologic growth patterns are the most important prognostic determinants in ameloblastoma. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with ameloblastoma with data reported in the literature; the study spanned 2 decades at a single institution. The institution's database was searched for all patients with pathologically confirmed ameloblastoma, diagnosed between 1990 and 2015. The data collected included sex, age, clinical and imaging findings, management, histologic pattern, clearance of surgical margins, length of follow-up, time to recurrence, and disease-related mortality. The potential risk factors of recurrence were evaluated using log-rank test, proportional hazard model, and Fisher exact test. Review of the database yielded 54 patients with pathologically confirmed ameloblastoma and follow-up. Recurrence was noted in 13 (24 %) patients. Surgical approach was associated with the risk of recurrence (6.1 % following radical resection vs. 52 % following limited surgery, p = 0.002). There were trends toward higher recurrence rate in the group with pathologically documented positive margins (p = 0.054) and in follicular ameloblastoma (p = 0.35). Transformation into ameloblastic carcinoma was identified in two patients. There was no disease-related mortality. Our study confirms the recent data regarding the importance of radical surgical resection in management of ameloblastoma. Surgical approach appears to be the strongest predictor of tumor clearance.

  10. 1976 Retrospect...; Proceedings of Children's Literature Institute (5th, University of Toledo, Summer, 1976).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moir, Hughes, Ed.; Henning, Mary Jo, Ed.

    The fifth Children's Literature Institute focused upon United States historical fiction. This volume discusses the lives, works, and ideas of the nine authors who made presentations at the institute. They are: Milton Meltzer, author of books about such minority groups as Native Americans, Blacks, and Jews; Brinton Turkle, whose books include a…

  11. Myeloablative therapy against high risk Ewing's sarcoma: A single institution experience and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Lopez, Jose Luis; Pérez, Concepcion; Marquez, Catalina; Cabrera, Patricia; Perez, Jose Maria; Ramirez, Gema Lucia; Ordoñez, Rafael; Praena-Fernandez, Juan Manuel; Ortiz, Maria Jose

    2011-01-01

    Background Attempts to improve survival outcomes of patients with high risk Ewing's sarcoma (ES) have focused on chemotherapy dose intensification strategies. Aim The objective of this study is to retrospectively evaluate clinical characteristics and outcome of pediatric patients with high risk ES treated at a single institution. Materials and methods From 1995 to 2008, seventeen patients (male:female, 14:3) were treated with dose-intensive therapy in our institution. Median age at diagnosis was 10 years (range: 2–15). Seven patients had metastases at diagnosis (lung in 6 cases and bone in one case). Eleven patients presented with unresectable disease. Fifteen (88.2%) received the Spanish Society of Pediatric Oncology protocol which includes six cycles of vincristine, doxorubicin, ifosfamide and etoposide. Two out of the six cases that were resectable received postoperative radiation. In addition, eleven patients received definitive radiation therapy. Finally, twelve (70.5%) out of 17 patients received myeloablative therapy with melphalan/etoposide. The rest of patients (N = 5) received busulfan/melphalan. Results Median follow-up was 78 months (range: 15–155 months). Initial responses were complete in all patients, but 9 of them developed progression disease. Seven patients became long-term event-free survivors. No patient died of toxicity after transplantation. The 2- and 5-year overall survival rates for all patients were 93% and 73%, respectively. Event-free survival rates were 74% and 54% at 2 and 5 years, respectively. Conclusion This single-institution experience suggests that myeloablative therapy against high risk ES is effective and safe. PMID:24376974

  12. Myeloablative therapy against high risk Ewing's sarcoma: A single institution experience and literature review.

    PubMed

    Lopez, Jose Luis; Pérez, Concepcion; Marquez, Catalina; Cabrera, Patricia; Perez, Jose Maria; Ramirez, Gema Lucia; Ordoñez, Rafael; Praena-Fernandez, Juan Manuel; Ortiz, Maria Jose

    2011-05-20

    Attempts to improve survival outcomes of patients with high risk Ewing's sarcoma (ES) have focused on chemotherapy dose intensification strategies. The objective of this study is to retrospectively evaluate clinical characteristics and outcome of pediatric patients with high risk ES treated at a single institution. From 1995 to 2008, seventeen patients (male:female, 14:3) were treated with dose-intensive therapy in our institution. Median age at diagnosis was 10 years (range: 2-15). Seven patients had metastases at diagnosis (lung in 6 cases and bone in one case). Eleven patients presented with unresectable disease. Fifteen (88.2%) received the Spanish Society of Pediatric Oncology protocol which includes six cycles of vincristine, doxorubicin, ifosfamide and etoposide. Two out of the six cases that were resectable received postoperative radiation. In addition, eleven patients received definitive radiation therapy. Finally, twelve (70.5%) out of 17 patients received myeloablative therapy with melphalan/etoposide. The rest of patients (N = 5) received busulfan/melphalan. Median follow-up was 78 months (range: 15-155 months). Initial responses were complete in all patients, but 9 of them developed progression disease. Seven patients became long-term event-free survivors. No patient died of toxicity after transplantation. The 2- and 5-year overall survival rates for all patients were 93% and 73%, respectively. Event-free survival rates were 74% and 54% at 2 and 5 years, respectively. This single-institution experience suggests that myeloablative therapy against high risk ES is effective and safe.

  13. A single platelet-rich plasma injection for chronic midsubstance achilles tendinopathy: a retrospective preliminary analysis.

    PubMed

    Murawski, Christopher D; Smyth, Niall A; Newman, Hunter; Kennedy, John G

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate a series of patients undergoing a single platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for the treatment of chronic midsubstance Achilles tendinopathy, in whom conservative treatment had failed. Thirty-two patients underwent a single PRP injection for the treatment of chronic midsubstance Achilles tendinopathy and were evaluated at a 6-month final follow-up using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score and Short Form 12 general health questionnaire. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed on all patients prior to and 6 months after injection. Twenty-five of 32 patients (78%) reported that they were asymptomatic at the 6-month follow-up visit and were able to participate in their respective sports and daily activities. The remaining 7 patients (22%) who reported symptoms that did not improve after 6 months ultimately required surgery. Four patients went on to have an Achilles tendoscopy, while the other 3 had an open debridement via a tendon splitting approach. A retrospective evaluation of patients receiving a single PRP injection for chronic midsubstance Achilles tendinopathy revealed that 78% had experienced clinical improvement and had avoided surgical intervention at 6-month follow-up. Therapeutic, Level IV: Retrospective case series. © 2014 The Author(s).

  14. Retrospective analysis of melanocytic lesions in children at the National Cancer Institute-RJ*

    PubMed Central

    Bomm, Lislaine; de Carvalho, Ricardo Vianna; Lima, Fernanda Ferreira da Silva; de Oliveira, Lidicie Natalia Braga; Tolstoy, Fernanda; Lobão, Dolival

    2014-01-01

    Skin cancer is the most common neoplasm in Brazil. Melanoma accounts for 4% of these neoplasms. Although childhood melanoma is rare, there is evidence that its incidence is increasing, placing it among the most important public health problems for the future. This work sought to conduct a retrospective review of cases of suspected melanocytic skin lesions in children, their diagnosis and management, and evaluate the sentinel lymph node biopsy method in some cases of cutaneous melanoma. PMID:24770528

  15. Retrospective analysis of melanocytic lesions in children at the National Cancer Institute-RJ.

    PubMed

    Bomm, Lislaine; Carvalho, Ricardo Vianna de; Lima, Fernanda Ferreira da Silva; Oliveira, Lidicie Natalia Braga de; Tolstoy, Fernanda; Lobão, Dolival

    2014-01-01

    Skin cancer is the most common neoplasm in Brazil. Melanoma accounts for 4% of these neoplasms. Although childhood melanoma is rare, there is evidence that its incidence is increasing, placing it among the most important public health problems for the future. This work sought to conduct a retrospective review of cases of suspected melanocytic skin lesions in children, their diagnosis and management, and evaluate the sentinel lymph node biopsy method in some cases of cutaneous melanoma.

  16. Maxillofacial metastases: a retrospective review of one institution's 15-year experience.

    PubMed

    McClure, Shawn A; Movahed, Reza; Salama, Andrew; Ord, Robert A

    2013-01-01

    Metastasis to the maxillofacial region is a rare occurrence. In our retrospective study of patients with metastasis to the maxillofacial region, the subjects were evaluated to define the clinical behavior patterns in response to the treatment given. A retrospective record review during a 15-year period (1990 to 2005) was conducted. The patients were selected for inclusion in the present study if they had histologically confirmed maxillofacial metastases. In our retrospective study, during the 15-year period, 1,221 new patients with maxillofacial/oral cancer were seen and evaluated. Of these 1,221 patients, 26 (16 men and 10 women) were identified as having a histologically confirmed metastasis to the maxillofacial region, for an incidence of 2.1%. Patients with metastasis to the maxillofacial region are often deemed to not be surgical candidates because of the extensive nature of the metastatic disease. We believe that surgical intervention plays a beneficial role in improving quality of life in a properly selected group of patients with metastasis to the maxillofacial region. In our case series, surgery was performed in about 50% of the patients, and palliation and radiotherapy were the most commonly used modalities. Copyright © 2013 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. A multi-institutional outcome and prognostic factor analysis of radiosurgery (RS) for resectable single brain metastasis

    SciTech Connect

    Auchter, R.M.; Lamond, J.P.; Alexander, E.

    1995-12-31

    Recent randomized trials comparing resection of single brain metastasis (BM) in selected patients (pts) followed by whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) to WBRT alone demonstrated statistically significant survival advantage for surgery. This multi-institutional retrospective study was performed in similar pts who were treated with RS and WBRT to provide a baseline for comparison for a future randomized trial. The RS databases of four institutions were reviewed to identify all pts who met the following criteria; single BM; ag > 18; surgically resectable lesion; independently functional (KPS {ge} 70); non-radiosensitive histology (small cell, lymphoma, myeloma, germ cell excluded); no prior cranial surgery or WBRT. 122 of 533 pts with BM treated with RS met these criteria.

  18. Thyroid surgery at Children's Hospital Boston: a 35-year single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Scholz, Stefan; Smith, Jessica R; Chaignaud, Beverly; Shamberger, Robert C; Huang, Stephen A

    2011-03-01

    Thyroidectomy is the primary therapy for thyroid cancer and an established treatment of hyperthyroidism. Because of the relative rarity of these conditions in childhood, few single-institution series exist in the pediatric literature. Here we analyze our institution's experience to assess patient demographics, operative risks, and the role of preoperative testing. This is a retrospective chart review of 175 consecutive patients not older than 18 years who underwent thyroid surgery at Children's Hospital Boston from 1970 to 2004. The most common indication for thyroidectomy was thyroid nodules (83%), followed by hyperthyroidism (7%) and goiter (7%). For children referred for nodules, we observed a peak incidence in adolescence and a female to male ratio of 3.7:1. Cancer was found in 36%, with papillary thyroid cancer the most common subtype (85%). Operative complications were rare, with permanent hypocalcemia in 2 (4.7%) of 43 patients who underwent bilateral resection for thyroid nodules (no cases of permanent hypocalcemia in other procedures). Permanent unilateral vocal cord paralysis was documented in 2 children after the resection of malignant nodules. Pediatric thyroidectomy can be performed with low operative risk. Because permanent hypocalcemia remains an obligate risk of bilateral thyroidectomy, we recommend the routine use of preoperative fine-needle aspiration to guide the extent of initial surgical resection, reserving near-total thyroidectomy for those cases where cytology is positive for malignancy. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Institutional, Retrospective Analysis of 777 Patients With Brain Metastases: Treatment Outcomes and Diagnosis-Specific Prognostic Factors

    SciTech Connect

    Antoni, Delphine; Clavier, Jean-Baptiste; Pop, Marius; Schumacher, Catherine; Lefebvre, François; Noël, Georges

    2013-07-15

    Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the prognostic factors and survival of a series of 777 patients with brain metastases (BM) from a single institution. Methods and Materials: Patients were treated with surgery followed by whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) or with WBRT alone in 16.3% and 83.7% of the cases, respectively. The patients were RPA (recursive partitioning analysis) class I, II, and III in 11.2%, 69.6%, and 18.4% of the cases, respectively; RPA class II-a, II-b, and II-c in 8.3%, 24.8%, and 66.9% of the cases, respectively; and with GPA (graded prognostic assessment) scores of 0-1.0, 1.5-2.0, 2.5-3.0, and 3.5-4.0 in 35%, 27.5%, 18.2%, and 8.6% of the cases, respectively. Results: The median overall survival (OS) times according to RPA class I, II, and III were 20.1, 5.1, and 1.3 months, respectively (P<.0001); according to RPA class II-a, II-b, II-c: 9.1, 8.9, and 4.0 months, respectively (P<.0001); and according to GPA score 0-1.0, 1.5-2.0, 2.5-3.0, and 3.5-4.0: 2.5, 4.4, 9.0, and 19.1 months, respectively (P<.0001). By multivariate analysis, the favorable independent prognostic factors for survival were as follows: for gastrointestinal tumor, a high Karnofsky performance status (KPS) (P=.0003) and an absence of extracranial metastases (ECM) (P=.003); for kidney cancer, few BM (P=.002); for melanoma, few BM (P=.01), an absence of ECM (P=.002), and few ECM (P=.0002); for lung cancer, age (P=.007), a high KPS (P<.0001), an absence of ECM (P<.0001), few ECM and BM (P<.0001 and P=.0006, respectively), and control of the primary tumor (P=.004); and for breast cancer, age (P=.001), a high KPS (P=.007), control of the primary tumor (P=.05), and few ECM and BM (P=.01 and P=.0002, respectively). The triple-negative subtype was a significant unfavorable factor (P=.007). Conclusion: Prognostic factors varied by pathology. Our analysis confirms the strength of prognostic factors used to determine the GPA score, including the genetic subtype for breast cancer.

  20. Single tooth replacement of missing molars: a retrospective study of 78 implants.

    PubMed

    Schwartz-Arad, D; Samet, N; Samet, N

    1999-04-01

    As experience with osseointegrated implants has grown, greater use has been made of placement in the posterior jaw. The aim of this study is to present the survival rate of 78 osseointegrated single implants, inserted in the molar area and to evaluate the prosthetic rehabilitation on these teeth. This retrospective study presents findings of 55 consecutive patients with 78 restored single osseointegrated implants in the molar area. The patients went through a clinical and radiological evaluation. The same maxillofacial surgeon inserted all implants. Three of the implants were inserted into the maxilla and 75 into the mandible; 4 of the 78 implants were immediate implants. The cumulative survival rate after one year was 93.6%. Follow-up was up to 80 months, with an average of 27 months. Out of all the implants, 6 failed (7. 7%): 5 failed in the surgical stage, and 1 after prosthetic loading. The main implant failures were among the titanium screw implants. Prosthetic complications occurred in 11 cases (14%), which included loosening of the abutment and/or the crown (9 cases), fracture of the abutment (1 case), and porcelain fracture (1 case). No incident of implant fracture occurred. Within the limits of this study, replacement of a single molar by a single implant is a valid and successful surgical treatment modality, with a high survival rate.

  1. Retrospective analysis of snake victims in Northern India admitted in a tertiary level institute

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Syed Moied; Nadeem, Abu; Islam, Mohd. Sabihul; Agarwal, Shiwani; Singh, Lalit

    2012-01-01

    Context: Snake bites are the common cause of morbidity and mortality in tropical countries. Aims: To analyze the outcome of snake bite victims Settings and Design: Retrospective analysis of data from Intensive care unit, Department of Anesthesiology. Materials and Methods: All the patients admitted in the intensive care unit for snake bite management during the year May 2004 - April 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. The data included age, sex, month and time of incident, site of bite, dose of anti--snake venom, time of anti--snake venom, administration, duration of mechanical ventilation, complications and death of a victim. Statistical analysis used: Pearson's correlation test, paired samples t-test. Results and Conclusions: 113 patients reported to the Accident and Emergency with history of snake bite. 26 patients were referred to other hospital, 17 patients were brought dead, and 70 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit. In 59 snake-bite victims, maximum data could be recovered. Krait was the most common type of snake bite reported. There was a male preponderance (69.4%) with age ranging between 20 and 40 years (52.5%). The mean lag time (time elapsed between bite and first dose of anti--snake venom) was 5.3 ± 1.4 h and the mean anti-snake venom dose was 12.3 ± 2.4 vials. There was a positive and significant correlation between lag time and total dose of anti--snake venom (correlation coefficient =0.956, P<0.0001). Overall 72.9% patients required mechanical ventilation with a mean duration of 56.2 ± 16.1 h. 10.2% patients sustained cardiac arrest, 8.7% patients developed ventilator associated pneumonia, 6.7% suffered mild anti-snake venom reaction, 6.7% had hypotension and 5.1% patients developed renal failure. The overall mortality was 5.1%. PMID:22345945

  2. Cervicofacial infection in a Nigerian tertiary health institution: a retrospective analysis of 77 cases

    PubMed Central

    Ononiwu, Charles N

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Infection involving the orbit, zygomatic space, lateral pharyngeal space, or hemifacial and oral floor phlegmon is referred to as cervicofacialvinfection (CFI). When diagnosis and/or adequate treatment are delayed, these infections can be life-threatening. Most cases are the result of odontogenic infections. We highlight our experiences in the management of this life-threatening condition. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective study of patients who presented with CFI from December 2005 to June 2012 at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic or the Accident and Emergency Unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (Zaria, Nigeria). The medical records of all patients who presented with either localized or diffuse infection of the maxillofacial soft tissue spaces were retrospectively collected. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 13.0 and are expressed as descriptive and inferential statistics. Results Of the 77 patients, 49 patients (63.6%) were males, a male to female ratio of 1:7.5. The ages ranged from two years to 75 years with a mean of 35.0±19.3 years, although most patients were older than 40 years. The duration of symptoms prior to presentation ranged from 6 to 60 days, with a mean of 11.0±9.4 days. More than 90% of the patients presented to the clinic within the first 10 days. The most commonly involved anatomical space was the submandibular space (n=29, 37.7%), followed by hemifacial space (n=22, 28.6%) and buccal space (n=7, 9.1%). Ludwig angina accounted for about 7.8% of the cases. Conclusion CFI most commonly involves the submandibular space, typically affects individuals with a low level of education, and is influenced by traditional medical practices. Despite improved health care delivery, CFI remains a significant problem in developing countries. PMID:26734555

  3. Single-Port Robotic Cholecystectomy in Pediatric Patients: Single Institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Rosales-Velderrain, Armando; Alkhoury, Fuad

    2017-04-01

    Modifications to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy are aimed to decrease abdominal pain and improve cosmetic results. Single-port robotic cholecystectomy is a safe and feasible approach that has been reported in adults, though reports are limited in children. This study aims to report our experience with single-port robotic cholecystectomy in children, and to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and outcomes of this approach. After single-port robotic approach was available at our institution, we prospectively followed our patients who underwent a single-port robotic cholecystectomy from March 2013 to May 2015 in our children's hospital. There were 14 patients [female 11 (79%) versus male 3 (21%)], the average age was 12.20 ± 4.97 years, with a mean body mass index of 28.01 ± 8.57 m/kg(2). Of the 14 patients, 4 (29%) had cholelithiasis with choledocolithiasis and had undergone an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography before the operation, 6 (43%) had symptomatic cholelithiasis, and 4 (28%) had acute cholecystitis. The median operative room time was 125 minutes (range 60-202), the median time of operation was 77.5 minutes (range 64-169), the median estimated blood loss was 2 mL (range 2-25), and a median length of stay was 1 day (range 0-2). There were no conversions to another approach. The median follow-up was 7 months (range 3-22). One patient (7%) developed an umbilical port site seroma, which was managed conservatively, no other complications occurred. Single-port robotic cholecystectomy is a feasible and safe approach for cholecystectomy in the pediatric population. More studies are required to compare it to different approaches.

  4. Cervical necrotizing fasciitis: descriptive, retrospective analysis of 59 cases treated at a single center.

    PubMed

    Elander, Johanna; Nekludov, Michael; Larsson, Agneta; Nordlander, Britt; Eksborg, Staffan; Hydman, Jonas

    2016-12-01

    To provide retrospective, descriptive information on patients with cervical necrotizing fasciitis treated at a single center during the years 1998-2014, and to evaluate the outcome of a newly introduced treatment strategy. Retrospective analysis of clinical data obtained from medical records. Mortality, pre-morbidity, severity of illness, primary site of infection, type of bacteria, time parameters. The observed 3-month mortality was 6/59 (10 %). The most common initial foci of the infection were pharyngeal, dental or hypopharyngeal. The most common pathogen was Streptococcus milleri bacteria within the Streptococcus anginosus group (66 % of the cases). Using a combined treatment with early surgical debridement combined with hyperbaric oxygen treatment, it is possible to reduce the mortality rate among patients suffering from cervical necrotizing fasciitis, compared to the expected mortality rate and to previous historical reports. Data indicated that early onset of hyperbaric oxygen treatment may have a positive impact on survival rate, but no identifiable factor was found to prognosticate outcome.

  5. Conservative treatment of breast ductal carcinoma in situ: results of an Italian multi-institutional retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Vidali, Cristiana; Caffo, Orazio; Aristei, Cynthia; Bertoni, Filippo; Bonetta, Alberto; Guenzi, Marina; Iotti, Cinzia; Leonardi, Maria Cristina; Mussari, Salvatore; Neri, Stefano; Pietta, Nicoletta

    2012-10-25

    The incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has increased markedly in recent decades. In the past, mastectomy was the primary treatment for patients with DCIS, but as with invasive cancer, breast-conserving surgery followed by radiation therapy (RT) has become the standard approach. We present the final results of a multi-institutional retrospective study of an Italian Radiation Oncology Group for the study of conservative treatment of DCIS, characterized by a very long period of accrual, from February 1985 to March 2000, and a median follow-up longer than 11 years. A collaborative multi-institutional study was conducted in Italy in 10 Radiation Oncology Departments. A consecutive series of 586 women with DCIS histologically confirmed, treated between February 1985 and March 2000, was retrospectively evaluated. Median age at diagnosis was 55 years (range: 29-84); 32 patients were 40 years old or younger. All women underwent conservative surgery followed by whole breast RT. Irradiation was delivered to the entire breast, for a median total dose of 50 Gy; the tumour bed was boosted in 295 cases (50%) at a median dose of 10 Gy. After a median follow-up of 136 months (range: 16-292 months), 59/586 patients (10%) experienced a local recurrence: invasive in 37 cases, intraductal in 20 and not specified in two. Salvage mastectomy was the treatment of choice in 46 recurrent patients; conservative surgery in 10 and it was unknown in three patients. The incidence of local recurrence was significantly higher in women younger than 40 years (31.3%) (p= 0.0009). Five patients developed distant metastases. Furthermore 40 patients developed a contralateral breast cancer and 31 a second primary tumour in a different site. The 10-year actuarial overall survival (OS) was 95.5% and the 10-year actuarial disease-specific survival (DSS) was 99%. Our results are consistent with those reported in the literature. In particular it has been defined the importance of young age (40 years

  6. Conservative treatment of breast ductal carcinoma in situ: results of an Italian multi-institutional retrospective study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has increased markedly in recent decades. In the past, mastectomy was the primary treatment for patients with DCIS, but as with invasive cancer, breast-conserving surgery followed by radiation therapy (RT) has become the standard approach. We present the final results of a multi-institutional retrospective study of an Italian Radiation Oncology Group for the study of conservative treatment of DCIS, characterized by a very long period of accrual, from February 1985 to March 2000, and a median follow-up longer than 11 years. Methods A collaborative multi-institutional study was conducted in Italy in 10 Radiation Oncology Departments. A consecutive series of 586 women with DCIS histologically confirmed, treated between February 1985 and March 2000, was retrospectively evaluated. Median age at diagnosis was 55 years (range: 29–84); 32 patients were 40 years old or younger. All women underwent conservative surgery followed by whole breast RT. Irradiation was delivered to the entire breast, for a median total dose of 50 Gy; the tumour bed was boosted in 295 cases (50%) at a median dose of 10 Gy. Results After a median follow-up of 136 months (range: 16–292 months), 59/586 patients (10%) experienced a local recurrence: invasive in 37 cases, intraductal in 20 and not specified in two. Salvage mastectomy was the treatment of choice in 46 recurrent patients; conservative surgery in 10 and it was unknown in three patients. The incidence of local recurrence was significantly higher in women younger than 40 years (31.3%) (p= 0.0009). Five patients developed distant metastases. Furthermore 40 patients developed a contralateral breast cancer and 31 a second primary tumour in a different site. The 10-year actuarial overall survival (OS) was 95.5% and the 10-year actuarial disease-specific survival (DSS) was 99%. Conclusions Our results are consistent with those reported in the literature. In particular it has been

  7. A clinical analysis of brain metastasis in gynecologic cancer: a retrospective multi-institute analysis.

    PubMed

    Kim, Young Zoon; Kwon, Jae Hyun; Lim, Soyi

    2015-01-01

    This study analyzes the clinical characteristics of the brain metastasis (BM) of gynecologic cancer based on the type of cancer. In addition, the study examines the factors influencing the survival. Total 61 BM patients of gynecologic cancer were analyzed retrospectively from January 2000 to December 2012 in terms of clinical and radiological characteristics by using medical and radiological records from three university hospitals. There were 19 (31.1%) uterine cancers, 32 (52.5%) ovarian cancers, and 10 (16.4%) cervical cancers. The mean interval to BM was 25.4 months (21.6 months in ovarian cancer, 27.8 months in uterine cancer, and 33.1 months in cervical cancer). The mean survival from BM was 16.7 months (14.1 months in ovarian cancer, 23.3 months in uterine cancer, and 8.8 months in cervical cancer). According to a multivariate analysis of factors influencing survival, type of primary cancer, Karnofsky performance score, status of primary cancer, recursive partitioning analysis class, and treatment modality, particularly combined therapies, were significantly related to the overall survival. These results suggest that, in addition to traditional prognostic factors in BM, multiple treatment methods such as neurosurgery and combined chemoradiotherapy may play an important role in prolonging the survival for BM patients of gynecologic cancer.

  8. Surgical management of Wilms tumor with intravascular extension: a single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Aspiazu, Diego; Fernandez-Pineda, Israel; Cabello, Rosa; Ramirez, Gema; Alvarez-Madrid, Antonio; De Agustin, Juan Carlos

    2012-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcomes of children with Wilms tumor (WT) and intravascular extension who were treated at a single institution. A retrospective review was conducted of medical records of all children with Wilms tumor and intravascular extension treated at Virgen del Rocio Children's Hospital between 1992 and 2010. Seven patients (median age 3.4 years, range 2-8.1 years) were identified. At diagnosis, 6 of the 7 patients (85.7%) presented with tumor thrombus that reached the right atrium (RA) and 1 patient with infrahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus. All patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (SIOP 2001 protocol) with vincristine, doxorubicin, and actinomycin D. Regression of the intravascular extension of the tumor was documented in all patients. Postchemotherapy level of extension was suprahepatic IVC in 1 patient, infrahepatic IVC in 2 patients, renal vein (RV) in 1 patient, and RA in 3 patients. Nephrectomy and thrombectomy were performed in all cases, requiring cardiopulmonary bypass for the 4 patients who presented with suprahepatic IVC and RA thrombus. The other 3 patients with infrahepatic IVC and RV involvement underwent cavotomy and thrombus extraction. Computed tomography, ultrasonography, and echocardiography were used for diagnosis and follow-up. All patients remain disease-free with a median follow-up of 6.3 years (range, 2-19 years). Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for WT with intravascular extension may facilitate the resection by decreasing the extent of the tumor thrombus. Cardiopulmonary bypass is indicated for suprahepatic IVC and RA involvement. Accurate diagnostic imaging is necessary.

  9. Single port access laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors: Initial 51 cases of a single institute

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Bo Ra; Han, Jae Won; Kim, Tae Hyun; Han, Ae Ra; Hur, Sung Eun; Lee, Sung Ki

    2017-01-01

    Objective Investigation of initial 51 cases of single port access (SPA) laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors and evaluation of safety and feasibility of the surgical technique. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the first 51 patients who received SPA laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors greater than 10 cm, from July 2010 to February 2015. Results SPA adnexal surgeries were successfully completed in 51 patients (100%). The mean age, body mass index of the patients were 43.1 years and 22.83 kg/m2, respectively. The median operative time, median blood loss were 73.5 (range, 20 to 185) minutes, 54 (range, 5 to 500) mL, and the median tumor diameter was 13.6 (range, 10 to 30) cm. The procedures included bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n=18, 36.0%), unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (n=14, 27.45%), and paratubal cystectomy (n=1, 1.96%). There were no cases of malignancy and none were insertion of additional ports or conversion to laparotomy. The cases with intraoperative spillage were 3 (5.88%) and benign cystic tumors. No other intraoperative and postoperative complications were observed during hospital days and 6-weeks follow-up period after discharge. Conclusion Our results suggest that SPA laparoscopic surgery for large adnexal tumors may be a safe and feasible alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery. PMID:28217669

  10. Colorectal cancer in patients under 50 years of age: A retrospective analysis of two institutions' experience

    PubMed Central

    Myers, Elizabeth A; Feingold, Daniel L; Forde, Kenneth A; Arnell, Tracey; Jang, Joon Ho; Whelan, Richard L

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients under 50 years of age across two institutions. METHODS: Records of patients under age 50 years of age who had CRC surgery over a 16 year period were assessed at two institutions. The following documents where reviewed: admission notes, operative notes, and discharge summaries. The main study variables included: age, presenting symptoms, family history, tumor location, operation, stage/differentiation of disease, and post operative complications. Stage of disease was classified according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system: tumor depth; node status; and metastases. RESULTS: CRC was found in 180 patients under age 50 years (87 females, 93 males; mean age 41.4 ± 6.2 years). Young patients accounted for 11.2% of cases during a 6 year period for which the full data set was available. Eight percent had a 1st degree and 12% a 2nd degree family CRC history. Almost all patients (94%) were symptomatic at diagnosis; common symptoms included: bleeding (59%), obstruction (9%), and abdominal/rectal pain (35%). Evaluation was often delayed and bleeding frequently attributed to hemorrhoids. Advanced stage CRC (Stage 3 or 4) was noted in 53% of patients. Most tumors were distal to the splenic flexure (77%) and 39% involved the rectum. Most patients (95%) had segmental resections; 6 patients had subtotal/total colectomy. Poorly differentiated tumors were noted in 12% and mucinous lesions in 19% of patients of which most had Stage 3 or 4 disease. Twenty-two patients (13%) developed recurrence and/or progression of disease to date. Three patients (ages 42, 42 and 49 years) went on to develop metachronous primary colon cancers within 3 to 4 years of their initial resection. CONCLUSION: CRC was common in young patients with no family history. Young patients with symptoms merit a timely evaluation to avoid presentation with late stage CRC. PMID:24039357

  11. Colorectal cancer in patients under 50 years of age: a retrospective analysis of two institutions' experience.

    PubMed

    Myers, Elizabeth A; Feingold, Daniel L; Forde, Kenneth A; Arnell, Tracey; Jang, Joon Ho; Whelan, Richard L

    2013-09-14

    To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients under 50 years of age across two institutions. Records of patients under age 50 years of age who had CRC surgery over a 16 year period were assessed at two institutions. The following documents where reviewed: admission notes, operative notes, and discharge summaries. The main study variables included: age, presenting symptoms, family history, tumor location, operation, stage/differentiation of disease, and post operative complications. Stage of disease was classified according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system: tumor depth; node status; and metastases. CRC was found in 180 patients under age 50 years (87 females, 93 males; mean age 41.4 ± 6.2 years). Young patients accounted for 11.2% of cases during a 6 year period for which the full data set was available. Eight percent had a 1(st) degree and 12% a 2(nd) degree family CRC history. Almost all patients (94%) were symptomatic at diagnosis; common symptoms included: bleeding (59%), obstruction (9%), and abdominal/rectal pain (35%). Evaluation was often delayed and bleeding frequently attributed to hemorrhoids. Advanced stage CRC (Stage 3 or 4) was noted in 53% of patients. Most tumors were distal to the splenic flexure (77%) and 39% involved the rectum. Most patients (95%) had segmental resections; 6 patients had subtotal/total colectomy. Poorly differentiated tumors were noted in 12% and mucinous lesions in 19% of patients of which most had Stage 3 or 4 disease. Twenty-two patients (13%) developed recurrence and/or progression of disease to date. Three patients (ages 42, 42 and 49 years) went on to develop metachronous primary colon cancers within 3 to 4 years of their initial resection. CRC was common in young patients with no family history. Young patients with symptoms merit a timely evaluation to avoid presentation with late stage CRC.

  12. Clinical and morphological characteristics of osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma: a retrospective single-center analysis of 204 patients.

    PubMed

    Yalcinkaya, Ulviye; Doganavsargil, Basak; Sezak, Murat; Kececi, Burcin; Argin, Mehmet; Basdemir, Gulcin; Oztop, Fikri

    2014-12-01

    Osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma are histologically similar, benign bone-forming tumors. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the natural history; clinical, pathologic, and radiologic findings; and treatment results in 204 patients between 1959 and 2006 in a single institution. According to the World Health Organization's definition, tumors ≤1 cm in diameter were classified as osteoid osteoma, and those ≥2 cm, as osteoblastoma. For tumors between 1 cm and 2 cm, other criteria, such as the bone involved, the site, the presence of a nidus, and presence of peripheral sclerosis, were used for diagnosis. There were 131 patients with osteoid osteoma (93 male, 38 female) and 73 patients with osteoblastoma (40 male, 33 female). The mean age in the osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma groups was 16.4 ± 7 and 19.6 ± 9.9 years, respectively. The osteoid osteoma cases were mostly localized in the extremities, whereas the osteoblastoma cases involved the vertebral column and sacrum. The nidus size varied between 0.2 and 1.5 cm in osteoid osteoma cases, and the tumor size range was 1.3-10 cm in the osteoblastoma cases. The pain was encountered in 89% of osteoid osteoma and 45% of osteoblastoma patients. Histopathology was similar in both cases. The treatment of choice was conservative surgery for both diagnoses. In conclusion, osteoblastoma is clinically and radiologically more aggressive than osteoid osteoma.

  13. Clinical implications of single- versus multiple-site keloid disorder: a retrospective study in an Asian population.

    PubMed

    Park, Tae Hwan; Park, Ji Hae; Tirgan, Michael H; Halim, Ahmad Sukari; Chang, Choong Hyun

    2015-02-01

    There is strong evidence of genetic susceptibility in individuals with keloid disorder. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the clinical relevance of our proposed variables on the multiplicity of keloids by further investigating the presence of other keloids and a family history. This was a retrospective review, using institutional review board-approved questionnaires, of patients with keloids who were seen at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital between December 2002 and February 2010. Eight hundred sixty-eight patients were included in our study. Comparisons between the 2 groups were made using Mann-Whitney tests for continuous variables and χ2 tests for categorical variables. In our patient group, younger age of onset and the presence of family history were significantly associated with the occurrence of keloids at multiple sites. The locations of extra-auricular keloids, in order of frequency, included the shoulder; anterior chest, including the breasts; deltoid; trunk and pubic area; upper extremities; lower extremities; and other sites. As compared to secondary keloids, primary keloids were significantly associated with both a lower degree of recurrence and the presence of other keloids. The presence or absence of family history was significantly associated with the presence or absence of other keloids and primary or secondary keloids. Keloid disorder is one of the most frustrating problems in wound healing and advances in our understanding of the differences of occurrence at a single site versus multiple sites might help in understanding pathogenesis and improving treatment.

  14. Traumatic Brain Injury in Domestic Violence Victims: A Retrospective Study at the Barrow Neurological Institute.

    PubMed

    Zieman, Glynnis; Bridwell, Ashley; Cárdenas, Javier F

    2017-02-15

    Domestic violence is a national health crisis, which affects people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic classes. Traumatic brain injury is common in victims because of the high frequency of head and neck injuries inflicted through abuse. These recurrent injuries can lead to chronic symptoms with high morbidity. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 115 patients with a history of head trauma as a result of domestic violence. All patients were seen in a subspecialty traumatic brain injury clinic, at which time information regarding their histories and self-reported symptoms were recorded. In total, 109 females and 6 males were included in our study, with an age range of 4-68 years. Overall, 88% reported more than one injury and 81% reported a history of loss of consciousness associated with their injuries. Only 21% sought medical help at the time of injury. Whereas 85% had a history of abuse in adulthood, 22% had experienced abuse in both childhood and adulthood, and 60% of the patients abused as children went on to be abused as adults. Headache was the most common chief complaint, but on a self-reported symptom severity scale, behavioral symptoms were the most severe. Psychiatric disease was present in 84% of patients. Traumatic brain injury is a frequent sequela of domestic violence, from which many victims sustain multiple injuries without seeking medical care. Brain injuries are often sustained over many years and lead to lasting physical, behavioral, and cognitive consequences. Better understanding of these injuries will lead to improved care for this population.

  15. Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Resected Pancreatic Cancer: A Multi-Institutional Retrospective Analysis of 210 Patients

    SciTech Connect

    Ogawa, Kazuhiko; Karasawa, Katsuyuki; Ito, Yoshinori; Ogawa, Yoshihiro; Jingu, Keiichi

    2010-07-01

    Purpose: To retrospectively analyze the results of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) with or without external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for resected pancreatic cancer. Methods and Materials: The records of 210 patients treated with gross complete resection (R0: 147 patients; R1: 63 patients) and IORT with or without EBRT were reviewed. One hundred forty-seven patients (70.0%) were treated without EBRT and 114 patients (54.3%) were treated in conjunction with chemotherapy. The median doses of IORT and EBRT were 25 Gy (range, 20-30 Gy) and 45 Gy (range, 20-60Gy), respectively. The median follow-up of the surviving 62 patients was 26.3 months (range, 2.7-90.5 months). Results: At the time of this analysis, 150 of 210 patients (71.4%) had disease recurrences. Local failure was observed in 31 patients (14.8%), and the 2-year local control rate in all patients was 83.7%. The median survival time and the 2-year actuarial overall survival (OS) in all 210 patients were 19.1 months and 42.1%, respectively. Patients treated with IORT and chemotherapy had a significantly more favorable OS than those treated with IORT alone (p = 0.0011). On univariate analysis, chemotherapy use, degree of resection, carbohydrate antigen 19-9, and pathological N stage had a significant impact on OS and on multivariate analysis; these four factors were significant prognostic factors. Late gastrointestinal morbidity of NCI-CTC Grade 4 was observed in 7 patients (3.3%). Conclusion: IORT yields an excellent local control rate for resected pancreatic cancer with few frequencies of severe late toxicity, and IORT combined with chemotherapy confers a survival benefit compared with that of IORT alone.

  16. [Retrospective analysis of carcinomas of the rectum operated by TEM during one year at our institute].

    PubMed

    Jánó, Zoltán; Mohos, Elemér; Kovács, Tamás; Berki, Csaba; Nagy, Tibor; Réti, György; Nagy, Attila

    2016-12-01

    The very first TEM (transanal endoscopyc microsurgery) in Hungary was performed in our department by professor Attila Nagy in 1992. Up to August 2016, 1385 operation in total was performed with an average number of 60 per year., 992 operations were carried out for benign reasons and 393 cases for malignancies. We analyze the malignant cases operated by TEM in 2013. In 2013 we performed 121 TEM on 118 patients (in 3 cases twice). 70 patients had benign, 48 patients had malignant pathology. The average follow-up was 32 (12-39) month.We analyzed the cases retrospectively, presenting the history of each patient in detail. The pathological stages were the following: 8 in situ carcinomas, 14 T1, 12 T2, 9 T3 and 5 Tx. 17 patients received preoperative RCT, (4 ypT0, 2 ypT1, 3 ypT2, 8 ypT3). In the pTis group one patient was lost to follow up. Local recurrence was noted in 2 cases (14.28%), from which one was malignant. No distant metastasis was observed; DFS: 85.71%, OS: 100%. From the pT1 group one patient was lost to follow up after 4 month. Local recurrence was found in 2/13 cases (15.38%), distant metastases in 1 out of 13 (7.69%); DFS: 84.61%, OS: 84.61%. In the pT2 group 3 local recurrences was observed (27.2%). Distant metastases occurred in one patient (9.09%); DFS: 81.81%, OS: 81.81%. In the pT3 group 2/8 local recurrence (25%), and 3/8 (37.5%) distant metastasis was found, DFS: 62.5%,OS: 75%. 4 patient out of the 5 pTx cases showed complete pathological response after neoadjuvant RCT and one patient's histology turned out to be carcinoid. Downstaging was observed in 10 patients who received neoadjuvant RCT. By a thorough discussion of each individual patient's history we would like to draw attention on the complexity of treatment of rectal malignancies with TEM and the need of personalized care. Firm conclusions cannot be drawn from our series because of the small number of the patients and the heterogeneity of the therapies. The establishment of a precise

  17. HeartMate II Left Ventricular Assist Device Pump Exchange: A Single-Institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Shaikh, Asad F; Joseph, Susan M; Lima, Brian; Hall, Shelley A; Malyala, Rajasekhar; Rafael, Aldo E; Gonzalez-Stawinski, Gonzalo V; Chamogeorgakis, Themistokles

    2016-11-30

    Background Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have revolutionized the treatment of patients with end-stage heart failure. These devices are replaced when pump complications arise if heart transplant is not possible. We present our experience with HeartMate II (HMII (Thoratec, Plesanton, California, United States)) LVAD pump exchange. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed all cases that required pump exchange due to LVAD complication from November 2011 until June 2016 at a single high-volume institution. The indications, demographics, and outcome were extracted and analyzed. Results Of 250 total patients with implanted HMII LVADs, 16 (6%) required pump exchange during the study period. The initial indications for LVAD placement in these patients were bridge to transplantation (n = 6 [37.5%]) or destination therapy (n = 10 [62.5%]). Fifteen patients (93.8%) required pump exchange due to pump thrombosis and 1 (6.2%) due to refractory driveline infection. Nine patients (56.2%) underwent repeat median sternotomy while a left subcostal approach was used in the remaining seven patients. Fifteen patients (93.7%) survived until hospital discharge. During the follow-up period (median, 155 days), 11 patients remained alive and 4 of these underwent successful cardiac transplantation. Conclusion HMII LVAD pump exchange can be safely performed for driveline infection or pump thrombosis when heart transplantation is not an option.

  18. Central nervous system complications during treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a single pediatric institution.

    PubMed

    Parasole, Rosanna; Petruzziello, Fara; Menna, Giuseppe; Mangione, Argia; Cianciulli, Emilio; Buffardi, Salvatore; Marchese, Luciano; Nastro, Anna; Misuraca, Aldo; Poggi, Vincenzo

    2010-06-01

    Central nervous system (CNS) complications during treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remain a challenging clinical problem. Outcome improvement with more intensive chemotherapy has significantly increased the incidence and severity of adverse events. This study analyzed the incidence of neurological complications during ALL treatment in a single pediatric institution, focusing on clinical, radiological, and electrophysiological findings. Exclusion criteria included CNS leukemic infiltration at diagnosis, therapy-related peripheral neuropathy, late-onset encephalopathy, or long-term neurocognitive defects. During a 9-year period, we retrospectively collected 27 neurological events (11%) in as many patients, from 253 children enrolled in the ALL front-line protocol. CNS complications included posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (n = 10), stroke (n = 5), temporal lobe epilepsy (n = 2), high-dose methotrexate toxicity (n = 2), syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (n = 1), and other unclassified events (n = 7). In conclusion, CNS complications are frequent events during ALL therapy, and require rapid detection and prompt treatment to limit permanent damage.

  19. A single institution experience in compliance with universal screening for Lynch syndrome in colorectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Hill, Amy L; Sumra, Kirandeep K; Russell, Marcia M; Yoo, James; Ko, Clifford Y; Hart, Steven; Wainberg, Zev; Hecht, J Randolph; Lin, Anne Y

    2015-03-01

    Detection of Lynch syndrome has the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality among patients and their family members due to beneficial screening and treatment options. Several institutions have begun to adopt universal rather than risk-stratified screening protocols, but the lack of 100 % compliance rates requires identification of system-level interventions to improve screening practices. We aimed to identify patient, tumor, and system factors associated with lack of screening and identify system-based interventions to improve Lynch syndrome screening. This study is a retrospective analysis of Lynch syndrome screening among colorectal cancer patients undergoing surgery in a single healthcare system. Two hundred and sixty-two patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer were studied. Rate of Lynch syndrome screening. We identified that 75 % of the total cohort was screened for Lynch syndrome. Of patients under the age of 50, 78 % percent were screened. Lower screening rates were found among patients with complete pathologic tumor response and lower pathologic stage of tumor. Higher screening rates were found at the academic hospital and with colorectal surgeons. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, lower screening rates were associated with community hospital location (OR, 0.22; 95 % CI, 0.08-0.56). Results may not be generalizable to different hospital settings. Several potential system-level interventions were identified to improve screening rates including an emphasis on improved provider communication.

  20. Malignant tumors associated with ovarian mature teratoma: A single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Trabzonlu, Levent; Durmaz, Guray; Vural, Cigdem; Muezzinoglu, Bahar; Corakci, Aydin

    2017-05-01

    The aims of this study are to present demographical features of cases diagnosed with malignant tumor associated with ovarian mature teratoma and to analyze histopathological features and clinical follow up of these tumors. Single-institution retrospective charts were reviewed to identify all cases of ovarian mature teratoma diagnosed from 1998 to 2015. Clinicopathological parameters that were analyzed include age, tumor size, tumor stage, histological type, laterality, IOC diagnosis and whether or not patient has received adjuvant chemotherapy. A total of 218 ovarian mature teratoma cases were identified during the study period. Of the 218 ovarian mature teratoma specimens, eight (3.7%) exhibited malignant tumors. The average age for cases of malignancy associated with ovarian mature teratoma was 44.6 years. The average size of tumors was 10.36cm. On final pathology, histological types of tumors were as follows: two cases each of squamous cell carcinoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma; one case each of mucinous adenocarcinoma, metastatic adenocarcinoma, sebaceous carcinoma and oligodendroglioma. Only one patient with Stage IIB tumor died of disease. One patient was alive with metastatic disease two months after initial diagnosis. Mean and median follow-up times were 64.1 and 49 months, respectively. An ovarian mass that has characteristics of a teratoma in a postmenopausal patient should alert for malignancy -regardless of tumor size. IOC is a valuable tool for the detection of malignancy and should be requested to determine the modality of surgical approach. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  1. Primary pulmonary carcinoid tumor: a long-term single institution experience/Primary pulmonary carcinoid tumor

    PubMed Central

    Herde, Ryan F.; Kokeny, Kristine E.; Reddy, Chakravarthy B.; Akerley, Wallace L.; Hu, Nan; Boltax, Jonathan P.; Hitchcock, Ying J.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Primary carcinoid tumors of the lung are rare tumors which comprise approximately 0.5 to 5% of all lung malignancies in adults and roughly 20 to 30% of all carcinoid tumors. The purpose of this retrospective, descriptive study was to describe the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes of patients treated for primary pulmonary carcinoid tumor at a single institution. Methods All patients with a diagnosis of primary pulmonary carcinoid tumor treated from 1989 to 2009 were reviewed. Data collected included demographics, pathology, tobacco use, clinical presentation, tumor location, tumor spread, treatment and survival. Results There were 59 cases of pulmonary carcinoid tumors: 47 typical (80%) and 12 atypical (20%). All but 4 patients underwent surgery, including 54 (92%) lung-sparing resections and 1 pneumonectomy. Five out of 55 patients received concurrent adjuvant chemoradiation therapy; 4 patients with atypical and 1 with typical histology. Three additional patients with atypical carcinoid were treated only with adjuvant radiotherapy, palliative radiotherapy, or palliative chemotherapy, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier 5- and 10-year overall survivals were both 80% within the entire population. In the 88% of patients who achieved complete remission, disease-free survival was 98%. A review of a large series from the literature is also presented. Conclusions Surgical resection was primary and adequate therapy for most typical carcinoid tumors with high overall survival and disease-free survival. Adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy might be considered for patients with atypical carcinoid tumors who present with adverse pathological findings. PMID:26270444

  2. Malignant salivary gland tumours of the larynx: a single institution review.

    PubMed

    Karatayli-Ozgursoy, S; Bishop, J A; Hillel, A T; Akst, L M; Best, S R

    2016-08-01

    Malignant salivary gland tumours of the larynx are very rare, with limited reports of clinical outcomes. We present the decade-long experience of a single institution. A 10-year retrospective chart review of a tertiary head and neck cancer centre was performed. Index patients were identified from a review of a pathology database, and reviewed by a head and neck pathologist. Patient demographics, presenting signs and symptoms, treatment modalities and clinical outcomes were extracted from electronic medical records. Six patients were included, with an age range of 44 to 69. All six had malignant laryngeal salivary gland tumours. Pathologies included: three adenoid cystic carcinoma (2 supraglottic, 1 subglottic), one mucoepidermoid carcinoma (supraglottic), one epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (supraglottic) and one adenocarcinoma (transglottic). All were treated with surgery (2 endolaryngeal, 4 open) and five of six with the addition of adjuvant therapy (4 radiotherapy, 1 concurrent chemoradiation). One patient had smoking history; no patients had significant alcohol history. With 4.5 years of median follow-up, none of the patients has had recurrence or local/distant metastasis. Salivary gland tumours of the larynx present in mid to late-age, and can be successfully managed with a multi-modality approach, resulting in excellent local and regional control rates. © Copyright by Società Italiana di Otorinolaringologia e Chirurgia Cervico-Facciale, Rome, Italy.

  3. A single institution report of 19 hepatocellular carcinoma patients with bile duct tumor thrombus

    PubMed Central

    Chotirosniramit, Anon; Liwattanakun, Akkaphod; Lapisatepun, Worakitti; Ko-iam, Wasana; Sandhu, Trichak; Junrungsee, Sunhawit

    2017-01-01

    Background Obstructive jaundice caused due to bile duct tumor thrombus (BDTT) in a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patient is an uncommon event. This study reports our clinical experiences and evaluates the outcomes of HCC patients with BDTT in a single institution. Methods A retrospective review of 19 HCC patients with secondary obstructive jaundice caused due to BDTT during a 15-year period was conducted. Results At the time of diagnosis, 14 (73.7%) patients had obstructive jaundice. Eighteen (94.7%) patients were preoperatively suspected of “obstruction of the bile duct”. Sixteen patients (84.2%) underwent a hepatectomy with curative intent, while two patients underwent removal of BDTT combined with biliary decompression and another patient received only palliative care as his liver reserve and general condition could not tolerate the primary tumor resection. The overall early recurrence (within 1 year) after hepatectomy occurred in more than half (9/16, 56.3%) of our patients. The 1-year survival rate of patients was 75% (12/16). The longest disease-free survival time was >11 years. Conclusion Identification of HCC patients with obstructive jaundice is clinically important because proper treatment can offer an opportunity for a cure and favorable long-term survival. PMID:28331844

  4. Risk factors for implant failure: a retrospective study in an educational institution using GEE analyses.

    PubMed

    Borba, Marcelo; Deluiz, Daniel; Lourenço, Eduardo José Veras; Oliveira, Luciano; Tannure, Patrícia Nivoloni

    2017-08-21

    This study aimed to evaluate dental implant outcomes and to identify risk factors associated with implant failure over 12 years via dental records of patients attending an educational institution. Dental records of 202 patients receiving 774 dental implants from 2002 to 2014 were analyzed by adopting a more reliable statistical method to evaluate risk factors with patients as the unit [generalized estimating equation (GEE)]. Information regarding patient age at implantation, sex, use of tobacco, and history of systemic diseases was collected. Information about implant location in the arch region and implant length, diameter, and placement in a grafted area was evaluated after 2 years under load. Systemic and local risk factors for early and late implant failure were studied. A total of 18 patients experienced 25 implant failures, resulting in an overall survival rate of 96.8% (2.84% and 0.38% early and late implant failures, respectively). The patient-based survival rate was 91.8%. GEE univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that a significant risk factor for implant failure was the maxillary implant (p = 0.006 and p = 0.014, respectively). Bone grafting appeared to be a risk factor for implant failure (p = 0.054). According to GEE analyses, maxillary implants had significantly worse outcomes in this population and were considered to be a risk factor for implant failure. Our results suggested that implants placed in a bone augmentation area had a tendency to fail.

  5. Late-Presenting Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in Children: The Experience of Single Institution in Korea

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Dong Jin

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) beyond the neonatal period is rare and often misdiagnosed, with delayed treatment. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed our experience with late-presenting CDH over 30 years at a single institution to determine the characteristics of late-presenting CDH for early diagnosis. Results Seven patients had operations due to late-presenting CHD in our institution over 30 years. The patients' ages ranged from 2.5 months to 16 years. There were six boys and one girl. Five hernias were left-sided, one was right-sided and one was a retrosternal hernia. All patients had normal intestinal rotation. Non-specific gastrointestinal or respiratory symptoms and signs were usually presented. Intestinal malrotations were absent; therefore, only organs adjacent to the defect or relatively movable organs such as the small bowel and transverse colon were herniated. Two cases were accompanied by stomach herniation with the volvulus and liver, respectively. The duration from presentation to diagnosis varied from 5 days to 1 year. Diagnoses were made by chest X-ray, upper gastrointestinal series and chest computed tomography. All patients underwent primary repair with interrupted non-absorbable sutures by a transabdominal approach. None had postoperative complications. The follow-up period in six patients ranged from 4 months to 20 years (median 3.8 years). There was no recurrence in any of the patients on follow-up. Conclusion A high index of suspicion is important for the diagnosis of late-presenting CDH because it can be a life-threatening condition such as CDH with a gastric volvulus. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can lead to a good prognosis. PMID:23918563

  6. Pharyngocutaneous fistula after total laryngectomy: a single-institution experience, 2001-2012.

    PubMed

    Benson, Eleni M; Hirata, Richard M; Thompson, Carol B; Ha, Patrick K; Fakhry, Carole; Saunders, John R; Califano, Joseph A; Arnaoutakis, Demetri; Levine, Marshall; Tang, Mei; Neuner, Geoffrey; Messing, Barbara P; Blanco, Ray G F

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of and risk factors for pharyngocutaneous fistula in patients undergoing total laryngectomy at a single institution. The records of 59 patients undergoing primary or salvage total laryngectomy at our institution from 2001 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Data collected included patient, tumor and treatment characteristics, and surgical technique. Risk factors were analyzed for association with pharyngocutaneous fistula formation. Twenty patients (34%) developed fistulas. Preoperative tracheostomy (OR 4.1; 95% CI 1.3-13 [p=0.02]) and low postoperative hemoglobin (OR 9.1; 95% CI 1.1-78 [p=0.04]) were associated with fistula development. Regarding surgical technique, primary sutured closure of the total laryngectomy defect had the lowest fistula rate (11%). In comparison, primary stapled closure and pectoralis onlay flap over primary closure had nonsignificantly increased fistula rates (43%, OR 6.0; 95% CI 1.0-37.3 [p=0.06] and 25%, OR 2.7; 95% CI 0.4-23.9 [p=0.38], respectively). Pectoralis flap incorporated into the suture line had a significantly increased fistula rate (50%, OR 7.1; 95% CI 1.4-46 [p=0.02]). After stratification for salvage status, patient comorbidities were associated with fistula in non-salvage cases whereas disease-related characteristics were associated with fistula in salvage cases. Fistula development was associated with increased length of hospital stay (p<0.001) and increased time before oral diet initiation (p<0.001). Pharyngocutaneous fistula is a common complication of total laryngectomy. Preoperative tracheostomy, postoperative hemoglobin, and surgical technique are important in determining the risk of fistula. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Laparoscopic Appendectomy Versus Open Appendectomy: A Single Institution Study

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, David G.

    1997-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic appendectomy versus open appendectomy at Baptist Hospital in Miami, Florida. Methods: A retrospective review was performed on all appendectomies performed at Baptist Hospital from October 1, 1994 to September 30, 1995. There were a total of 244 cases; 137 open appendectomies and 107 laparoscopic appendectomies. The cases were reviewed with regard to pathology, operating time, length of hospital stay and complications. Results: The pathologic findings at surgery were similar for the two groups. Concomitant pathology was more likely to be found laparoscopically than in open surgery. There was a greater percentage of ruptured appendices in surgery done via the open method. Operative time was slightly longer, but complications were less in the laparoscopic group. Length of stay was lower in the laparoscopic appendectomy group. Conclusions: Although very similar, our method of appendectomy favors the laparoscopic technique. PMID:9876696

  8. AT-09BEVACIZUMAB AND GLIOBASTOMA OF THE ELDERLY: A SINGLE-CENTER RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS

    PubMed Central

    Barrascout, Eduardo; Lamuraglia, Michele; Gervais, Claire; Tiako, Manuela; Gaillard, Stephan; Aldea, Sorin; Mabro, May; Gachet, Julie; Theodore, Christine

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to determine any difference in progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), clinical benefit and tolerability between elderly and non-elderly patients receiving bevacizumab at recurrence for glioblastoma in a single center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 32 patients with recurrent glioblastoma receiving bevacizumab (10 mg/kg every 14 days) between January 2011 and December 2013 in second line. Bevacizumab was introduced for all patients at recurrence after a treatment of first line by temozolomide. A cohort of 14 patients was older than 70 years against 18 patients were under 70 years. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was detected in terms of PFS and OS. PFS was 2.8 months for elderly patients against 2.9 for non-elderly patients (p >0.5). OS from recurrence in elderly and non-elderly patients was respectively 4.3 and 5.5 months (p >0,5). Clinical improvement in neurological symptoms was observed in 3 of 14 elderly patients (21.1%) and 11 of 18 young patients (61.1%). A more important improvement in performance status was observed in young patients. Regarding toxicity, 3 of the 14 elderly patients experienced grade II or III hypertension. In younger patients, 5 adverse events have been observed (2 proteinuria, 1 hypertension, 1 hemorrhage and 1 anal abscess). CONCLUSION: Despite small number of patients in this retrospective study, the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in recurrent glioblastoma appears similar in elderly and non-elderly patients. However, clinical benefit seemed to be less important in elderly patients. A prospective multicentric study integrating geriatric assessment tools and quality of life would be interesting in this patient's population.

  9. Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy learning curve experience seen in a single institution.

    PubMed

    Feinberg, Elyssa J; Agaba, Emmanuel; Feinberg, Michelle L; Camacho, Diego; Vemulapalli, Pratibha

    2012-04-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is laparoscopic surgery done by one incision through the umbilicus. Cholecystectomy lends itself well to a SILS approach. As these procedures have become more widely adapted, it is important to determine the approximate learning curve to decrease two surgical endpoints: (1) time to completion of the procedure; and (2) decreased incidence of conversion. We prospectively reviewed our series of 50 cholecystectomies done using the SILS approach between May 2008 to September 2008. All cases were performed by two advanced laparoscopic surgeons at a single institution. Data was collected immediately after the case and entered into an Excel database. Cases were performed by insufflating the abdomen with a Veress needle through the umbilicus followed by placement of 5-mm ports at the umbilicus. Patient ages ranged between 21 and 82 years with a median age of 45 years. Body mass index (BMI) range was 21 to 42 kg/m with a mean of 30 kg/m. Average length of time for cases was 1 hour 9 minutes with a range between 55 minutes and 120 minutes. The average length of time for the first 25 cases was 80 minutes. When compared with cases 26 to 50 the average length of time was 60 minutes (P<0.05). The conversion rate to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy was 10%. Conversion was accomplished through the addition of a 5-mm port elsewhere on the abdominal cavity. After the tenth case, the incidence of conversion went down to zero. When conversions were further stratified, they occurred within each individual surgeon's first ten cases. The learning curve for successful consistent completion of SILS cholecystectomy cases appears to be after 25 cases. In addition, conversion rates drop dramatically after the first ten cases.

  10. Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Kidney: A Single Institution Experience

    PubMed Central

    Teegavarapu, Purnima Sravanti; Rao, Priya; Matrana, Marc; Cauley, Diana H.; Wood, Christopher G; Tannir, Nizar M.

    2014-01-01

    Background Renal neuroendocrine tumors (NET), comprising carcinoid tumors and small cell carcinomas, are a rare group of neoplasms. The rarity of these tumors poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Our purpose was to characterize the cases treated at a tertiary cancer center and to evaluate patients' outcomes with the available treatment modalities. Methods This is a retrospective study of patients with renal NET seen at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between January 1, 2001, and January 1, 2011. Patient and tumor data were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods. Results Three cases of carcinoid tumors and six cases of small cell carcinoma were identified. The median age at diagnosis was 53 years for patients with carcinoid and 65 years for patients with small cell carcinoma. The most common presenting symptoms were back pain, flank pain, and hematuria. The morphological appearance of the tumor cells and their immunohistochemical reactivity for neuroendocrine markers and cytokeratin helped establish the diagnosis. Nephrectomy was the mainstay of treatment for carcinoid tumors, yielding good long-term results, even in the presence of metastases. Surgery and chemotherapy were utilized for small cell carcinoma of the kidney. The median overall survival for patients with small cell carcinoma of the kidney was 17.3 months. Conclusion Renal carcinoid tumors are indolent and are associated with prolonged survival, while small cell carcinomas of the kidney are aggressive tumors with relatively short overall survival. Although palliative in nature, cytotoxic chemotherapy is the mainstay of therapy and is best given before surgery. PMID:25088468

  11. Hepatectomy for huge hepatocellular carcinoma: single institute's experience.

    PubMed

    Yang, Lianyue; Xu, Jiangfeng; Ou, Dipeng; Wu, Wei; Zeng, Zhijun

    2013-09-01

    The surgical resection of huge hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still controversial. This study was designed to introduce our experience of liver resection for huge HCC and evaluate the safety and outcomes of hepatectomy for huge HCC. A total of 258 hepatic resections for the patients with huge HCC were analysed retrospectively from December 2002 to December 2011. The operative outcomes were compared with 293 patients with HCC >5.0 cm but <10.0 cm in diameter. Prognostic factors for long-term survival were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates after liver resection were 84, 62, and 33 %. Overall survival and disease-free survival in huge HCC group and HCC >5.0 cm but <10.0 cm group were similar (P = 0.751, P = 0.493). Solitary huge HCC group has significantly a more longer overall and disease-free survival time than nodular huge HCC (P = 0.026, P = 0.022). Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that the types of tumour, vascular invasion, and UICC stage were independent prognostic factors for overall survival (P = 0.047, P = 0.037, P = 0.033). Hepatic resection can be performed safely for huge HCC with a low mortality and favorable survival outcomes. Solitary huge HCC has the better surgical outcomes than nodular huge HCC.

  12. Atypical Localizations of Hydatid Disease: Experience from a Single Institute

    PubMed Central

    Mushtaque, Majid; Mir, Mohammad F; Malik, Ajaz A; Arif, Sajad H; Khanday, Samina A; Dar, Rayees A

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The hydatid disease most often involves the liver and the lungs. The disease can involve any part of the body except the hair, teeth and nails. Primary extrahepatico-pulmonary hydatid cysts are rare and only a few sporadic cases have been reported. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and forty-four patients with hydatid cysts managed surgically from January 2005 to December 2009 were evaluated retrospectively. Fourteen (5.7%) patients had isolated involvement of the atypical sites, while six (2.4%) also had a primary involvement of liver. Results: The cysts were present in gall bladder (0.4%), peritoneum (1.6%), spleen (1.6%), ovary (0.4%), subcutaneous (0.8%), seminal vesicle (0.4%), spinal (0.4%), pancreas (0.4%), kidney (0.4%), mediastinal (0.4%), muscle (0.4%), and brain (0.8%). Discussion and Conclusions: Involvement of sites other than liver and lungs by hydatid disease is rare. Symptoms are related to size, location or possible complication of the cyst. It should be strongly suspected in differential diagnosis of all abdominal cysts especially in an endemic area. Proper surgical and medical management to avoid any recurrences, and a regular follow-up, are of utmost importance to detect any late complications such as local recurrence of the disease and development of hydatidosis at the primary sites. PMID:24027383

  13. Systemic Therapy In Acquired Haemophilia – A Single Institute Experience

    PubMed Central

    Prantik, Das; Gary, Benson

    2016-01-01

    A cornerstone of the management of Acquired Haemophilia A (AHA) involves inhibitor eradication. First line immunosuppressive agents are usually steroids, either alone or in combination with cyclophosphamide. We present the use of Rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisolone (RCVP) combination as immunosuppressant in AHA in a small cohort of patients in order to control their symptoms and eradicate inhibitors. This was a retrospective analysis of all AHA patients treated at the Northern Ireland Haemophilia centre over a six year period. During this time, a total of six patients were newly diagnosed with AHA. Four of these patients failed to respond conventional therapy of steroids and cyclophosphamide, they were however successfully treated with RCVP/ RCV. All patients achieved complete remission with this regimen after 1 to 2 cycles of treatment. Remission has been maintained for an extended time period (range 33-69 months). As AHA is related to immune modulation and, in some cases, underlying malignancy we decided to use this regime as it is effective in either condition. From our experience, we demonstrate that RCVP combination is a promising treatment in patients with AHA who fail to respond to steroids alone or who have been on pre-existing immunosuppression. PMID:27698522

  14. EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT OF DIFFICULT AIRWAY IN OBESITY A SINGLE CENTER RETROSPECTIVE STUDY.

    PubMed

    Ayhan, Asude; Kaplan, Serife; Kayhan, Zeynep; Arslan, Gulnaz

    2016-03-01

    The primary aim of this single center retrospective study was to evaluate difficult mask ventilation (DMV) and difficult laryngoscopy (DL) in a unique group of obese patients. A total of 427 adult patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 and surgically treated for endometrial cancer from 2011 to 2014 were assessed. Additional increase in BMI, comorbidities, bedside screening tests for risk factors, and the tools used to manage the patients were noted and their effects on DMV and/or DL investigated. Every escalation in the number of risk factors increased the probability of DMV 2.2-fold, DL 1.8-fold and DMV+DL 3.0-fold. Among bedside tests, limited neck movement (LNM), short neck (SN) and absence of teeth were significant for DMV (p < 0.05), LNM, SN and obstructive sleep apnea for DL (p < 0.05), and LNM and SN for DMV+DL (p < 0.05). However, a 10-point increase of BMI was not an independent risk factor when patients with BMI > 25% were considered. In conclusion, LNM and SN are independent risk factors for developing DMV and/or DL in obese endometrial cancer patients, while BMI increase over 30 was not additionally affecting difficult airway.

  15. The Prognostic Impact of the Carcinoembryonic Antigen in Ampullary Cancer - A Retrospective Single Center Study

    PubMed Central

    Fuellgraf, Hannah; Schilling, Oliver; Lai, Zon Weng; Kulemann, Birte; Timme, Sylvia; Makowiec, Frank; Shahinian, Jasmin H.; Hoeppner, Jens; Werner, Martin; Hopt, Ulrich T.; Wellner, Ulrich F.; Bronsert, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Background: Carcinoembryonic antigen cell adhesion molecule (CEA) is a commonly immunohistochemically used antibody in pathological routine diagnostics with an overexpression in different cancers. We aimed to examine the immunohistochemically detectable CEA level in ampullary cancer and to correlate it with clinico-pathological data. Methods: Shot-gun proteomics revealed CEA in undifferentiated ampullary cancer cell lines. Next, tumor tissue of 40 ampullary cancers of a retrospective single center cohort of 40 patients was stained immunohistochemically for CEA; CEA expression was determined and correlated with clinico-pathological data. Results: Thirty-six patient specimens were included in statistical analysis. CEA expression and lymph node ratio (LNR) were the only independent predictors of overall survival in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: To our knowledge, cell line and patient cohorts are the largest and characterized cohorts examined for CEA so far. Hereby, CEA expression in ampullary cancer cells permits an estimation of outcome and suggests an opportunity for individualized CEA-directed therapy. Further trials with larger cohorts are needed to verify our results and to integrate CEA immunohistochemistry into clinical routine. PMID:28367245

  16. Retrospective Assessment of the Implementation of Critical Pathway in Stroke Patients in a Single University Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jin Hoan; Byun, Ha Young; Son, Seungnam; Lee, Joong Hoon; Yoon, Chul Ho; Lee, Eun Shin; Shin, Heesuk

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effects of the implementation of critical pathway (CP) in stroke patients treated at a single university hospital. Methods A retrospective medical review collected data from 497 patients who had suffered acute stroke in the rehabilitation center. Stroke outcomes were compared between before and after the implementation of CP based on factors including demographic factors, stroke characteristics, pre-existing medical conditions, medical complications, functional states, and length of stay (LOS). Results After the implementation of CP, the patients showed significantly higher stage for upper proximal (p=0.008) and lower extremity (p=0.001) on Brunnstrom stage and significantly lower scores for modified Rankin Scale (p=0.003) at transfer. For those with pre-existing medical conditions, there were significantly increased osteoarthritis (p=0.002) and valvular heart disease (p=0.011). Regarding medical complications during acute inpatient rehabilitation, there were significantly decreased shoulder pain (p=0.001) and dysphagia (p=0.017), and significantly increased gastrointestinal symptoms (p=0.001). Functional gain and efficiency of stroke patients during rehabilitation center hospitalization did not significantly change after implementation of CP. But, shorter LOS of total hospitalization, pre-rehabilitation center hospitalization, and rehabilitation center hospitalization were evident. Conclusion After the implementation of CP, patients less often developed complications and displayed no changes in functional gain and efficiency. They had shorter LOS of total hospitalization, pre-rehabilitation center hospitalization and rehabilitation center hospitalization. PMID:25379489

  17. Relevance of blood cultures in acute pyelonephritis in a single-center retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Ledochowski, Stanislas; Abraham, Paul-Samuel; Jacob, Xavier; Dumitrescu, Oana; Lina, Gérard; Lepape, Alain; Piriou, Vincent; Wallet, Florent; Friggeri, Arnaud

    2015-08-01

    Pyelonephritides are frequently encountered diagnosis in Emergency Departments. Urinalyses have a central place in the management of this situation but the usefulness of blood cultures is not clear. We conducted a single-center retrospective study of 24 months to study the microbiological relevance of blood cultures in pyelonephritis. We included patients with blood cultures (BC) and urine cultures (UC) drawn at the same time, if they were not exposed to antibiotics prior to these tests. Of our 264 patients, 39 (15 %) had no bacteriological documentation. There were 83 (31 %) bacteremic patients. Seven patients had contaminated or sterile UC with positive BC. Four patients had positive UC and BC with the latter allowing identification of a pathogen absent from the UC (n = 1) or identifying the main pathogen in three cases. A total of 11 patients theoretically benefited from BC representing 4.2 % of our population. Excluding one patient who was known to be infected with multi-drug resistant bacteria, all empirical antibiotics regimens were effective against the identified pathogens. We did not reveal any significant therapeutic impact of blood cultures in the management of pyelonephritis, when BC and UC are performed before any antimicrobials treatment.

  18. Palliative patients under anaesthesiological care: a single-centre retrospective study on incidence, demographics and outcome.

    PubMed

    Lassen, Christoph L; Aberle, Susanne; Lindenberg, Nicole; Bundscherer, Annika; Klier, Tobias W; Graf, Bernhard M; Wiese, Christoph H

    2015-11-13

    While anesthesiologist's involvement in palliative care has been widely researched, extensive data on palliative patients under anesthesiological care in the operating room is missing. This study was performed to assess the incidence, demographics, and outcome of palliative patients under anesthesiological care. We conducted a single-center retrospective chart review of all palliative patients under anesthesiological care at a university hospital in 1 year. Patients were classified as palliative if they fulfilled all predefined criteria (a) incurable, life-threatening disease, (b) progression of the disease despite therapy, (c) advanced stage of the disease with limited life-expectancy, (d) receiving or being in need of a specific palliative therapy. Demographics, periprocedural parameters, symptoms at evaluation, and outcome were determined using different medical records. Of 17,580 patients examined, 276 could be classified as palliative patients (1.57%). Most contacts with palliative patients occurred in the operating room (68.5%). In comparison to the non-palliative patients, procedures in palliative patients were significantly more often urgent or emergency procedures (39.1% vs. 27.1%., P < 0.001), and hospital mortality was higher (18.8% vs. 5.0%, P < 0.001). Preprocedural symptoms varied, with pain, gastrointestinal, and nutritional problems being the most prevalent. Palliative patients are treated by anesthesiologists under varying circumstances. Anesthesiologists need to identify these patients and need to be aware of their characteristics to adequately attend to them during the periprocedural period.

  19. MDCT of extranodal mantle cell lymphoma: a single institute experience.

    PubMed

    Baheti, Akshay D; Tirumani, Sree Harsha; Sewatkar, Rani; Sachin, Saboo S; Shinagare, Atul B; Ramaiya, Nikhil H

    2015-08-01

    To study the pattern of extranodal and particularly gastrointestinal (GI) involvement of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) on MDCT MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this IRB-approved, HIPAA compliant retrospective study, MDCT features of 78 patients (62 males and 16 females, mean age 57 years) with MCL including 28 patients at presentation were reviewed. Clinical and histopathological (blastoid vs. non-blastoid) data were noted from medical records. Extranodal involvement was present in overall 51/78 patients on CT (65%), 18/28 (64%) patients at presentation. Spleen (21/78-27%) and bowel (19/78-24%) were the most common sites of extranodal involvement by MCL on imaging, followed by lungs (10/78-13%) and skin/subcutaneous tissue (9/78-12%). Bowel involvement was either in the form of endophytic polypoidal lesions (n = 11, mean size 3.1 cm), as focal mild bowel wall thickening (n = 5, mean thickness 1.4 cm), or as combination of the two (n = 3). Blastoid histology was present in 14/78 (24%) patients and was statistically associated with skin/subcutaneous involvement (p < 0.05; Fisher's exact t test). Median follow-up was 72 months during which 21 patients died with median survival of 48 months (26 months for blastoid histology vs. 47 months for non-blastoid histology). There was no statistical correlation between sites of involvement and survival. MCL has a predilection for extranodal disease, predominantly involving the spleen, bowel, lungs, and subcutaneous tissue. GI involvement on CT is in the form of endoluminal polypoidal lesions and mild bowel wall thickening. Skin/subcutaneous involvement was statistically more common with blastoid histology in our study.

  20. Retrospective Evaluation of Laparoscopic Versus Open Hartmann's Reversal: A Single-Institution Experience

    PubMed Central

    Brathwaite, Shayna; Kuhrt, Maureen; Yu, Lianbo; Arnold, Mark; Husain, Syed; Harzman, Alan E.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Restoration of intestinal continuity after Hartmann's procedure has significant associated morbidity. There has been a trend toward increasing utilization of laparoscopy in colorectal surgery, with improvements in short-term outcomes. This study evaluates our experience with laparoscopic Hartmann's procedure reversal. Methods All patients who underwent laparoscopic and open reversal of Hartmann's procedure between 2007 and 2010 were reviewed. Demographics, length of stay, postoperative morbidity, and mortality were compared between the 2 groups. Results Nineteen patients underwent laparoscopic Hartmann's reversal and 62 underwent open reversal. There were no statistically significant differences in demographics, comorbidities, mean operative times, blood loss, reoperation, and readmission rates between the groups. The laparoscopic group had a shorter length of hospitalization (5.7 vs. 7.9 d, P < 0.01). Conclusions Laparoscopic reversal of Hartmann's pouch is a safe and feasible alternative to the open reversal technique. Patients who undergo the laparoscopic technique have a shorter length of hospital stay. PMID:26429059

  1. Vinorelbine with or without Trastuzumab in Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Single Institution Series

    PubMed Central

    Stravodimou, Athina; Zaman, Khalil; Voutsadakis, Ioannis A.

    2014-01-01

    Background. We report our experience with vinorelbine, a widely used chemotherapeutic, in unselected metastatic breast cancer patients treated in clinical routine. Patients and Methods. The data of all patients with metastatic breast cancer receiving vinorelbine with or without trastuzumab during a six year period were reviewed. Patients received vinorelbine intravenous 25–30 mg/m2 or 60–80 mg/m2 orally in days 1 and 8 of a 21 day cycle. Results. Eighty-seven women were included. Sixty-two patients received vinorelbine alone and 25 patients received vinorelbine in combination with trastuzumab. In 67 patients this was the first line treatment for metastatic disease and in 20 patients it was 2nd or later line of treatment. The median TTP was six months (range: 1–45). The median overall survival was 11.5 months (range: 1–83). Seventy patients were evaluable for response. In patients receiving first line treatment 44.4% had a response while in the second and subsequent lines setting 12.5% of patients responded (P = 0.001). Objective response was obtained in 63.6% of patients receiving concomitant trastuzumab and in 25% of patients receiving vinorelbine alone (P = 0.0002). Conclusion. This study confirms a high disease control rate. Response rate and TTP were superior in first line treatment compared to subsequent lines. PMID:25006504

  2. GliaSite Brachytherapy Boost as Part of Initial Treatment of Glioblastoma Multiforme: A Retrospective Multi-Institutional Pilot Study

    SciTech Connect

    Welsh, James; Sanan, Abhay; Gabayan, Arash J.; Green, Sylvan B.; Lustig, Robert; Burri, Stuart; Kwong, Edmund; Stea, Baldassarre . E-mail: bstea@email.ariozna.edu

    2007-05-01

    Purpose: To report on a retrospective analysis of the cumulative experience from eight institutions using the GliaSite Radiotherapy System as a brachytherapy boost in the initial management of glioblastoma multiforme. Methods and Materials: Eight institutions provided data on 20 patients with histologically proven glioblastoma multiforme with a median age of 59 years (range, 39-76) and median Karnofsky performance scale of 80 (range, 50-100). After maximal surgical debulking, patients were treated with GliaSite brachytherapy to a median dose of 50 Gy, followed by external beam radiotherapy to a median dose of 60 Gy (range, 46-60 Gy), for a cumulative dose escalation of 110 Gy (range, 84-130 Gy). Results: The average survival for this study population was 11.4 months (range, 4-29). When the patients' survival was compared with that of historical controls according to their Radiation Therapy Oncology Group recursive partitioning analysis class, the average survival was increased by 3 months (95% confidence interval, 0.23-4.9) corresponding to a 43% increase (p = 0.033). Three patients (14%) experienced Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Grade 3 central nervous system toxicity. Of the treatment failures, 50% were >2 cm from the edge of the balloon. Conclusion: The results of this analysis have demonstrated that dose escalation (>100 Gy) with GliaSite is well tolerated and associated with minimal toxicity. Local control improved with the use of GliaSite brachytherapy. The putative survival advantage seen in this study needs to be interpreted with caution; nevertheless, the data provide sufficient justification to investigate the potential role of radiation dose escalation in conjunction with GliaSite in the initial treatment of glioblastoma multiforme.

  3. Single-lung transplantation in emphysema: Retrospective study analyzing survival and waiting list mortality

    PubMed Central

    Borro, José M; Delgado, María; Coll, Elisabeth; Pita, Salvador

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To performed remains a subject of debate and is the principal aim of the study. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 73 patients with emphysema (2000-2012). The outcomes of patients undergoing single-lung transplantation (SL) (n = 40) or double-lung transplant (DL) (n = 33) were compared in a Cox multivariate analysis to study the impact of the technique, postoperative complications and acute and chronic rejection on survival rates. Patients were selected for inclusion in the waiting list according to the International Society of Heart Lung Transplantation criteria. Pre and postoperative rehabilitation and prophylaxis, surgical technique and immunosuppressive treatment were similar in every patients. Lung transplantation waiting list information on a national level and retrospective data on emphysema patient survival transplanted in Spain during the study period, was obtained from the lung transplantation registry managed by the National Transplant Organization (ONT). RESULTS: Both groups were comparable in terms of gender and clinical characteristics. We found significant differences in the mean age between the groups, the DL patients being younger as expected from the inclusion criteria. Perioperative complications occurred in 27.6% SL vs 54% DL (P = 0.032). Excluding perioperative mortality, median survival was 65.3 mo for SL and 59.4 mo for DL (P = 0.96). Bronchiolitis obliterans and overall 5-year survival were similar in both groups. Bacterial respiratory infection, cytomegalovirus and fungal infection rates were higher but not significant in SL. No differences were found between type of transplant and survival (P = 0.48). To support our results, national data on all patients with emphysema in waiting list were obtained (n = 1001). Mortality on the waiting list was 2.4% for SL vs 6.2% for DL. There was no difference in 5 year survival between 235 SL and 430 DL patients transplanted (P = 0.875). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that SL

  4. Robotic single-site cholecystectomy in the obese: outcomes from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Svoboda, Shane; Qaqish, T Robert; Wilson, Ana; Park, Habeeba; Youssef, Yassar

    2015-01-01

    Robotic single-site cholecystectomy (RSSC) has been shown to be a safe alternative to the laparoscopic approach in selected patients. Patient exclusion criteria have prevented RSSC as a surgical option in many obese patients. This study reports the feasibility of performing RSSC in obese patients (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30). Between November 2012 and February 2014, a total of 200 patients underwent RSSC at our institution. All patients were offered the robotic procedure regardless of their BMI, age, previous surgery, and acuity of their disease with no exclusion criteria. All patients with BMI ≥ 30 were included in the study and were compared to nonobese patients for demographic characteristics, co-morbidities, and postoperative outcomes. Data were compared to RSSC performed in nonobese patients by the same surgeon, as well to published data for standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). A total of 112 cholecystectomies were successfully performed with the robotic approach in patients with BMI ≥ 30 without conversion to open, laparoscopic, or multiport procedures. The mean BMI was 39.5 (range 30.1-62.3). Twenty-eight patients had a BMI ≥ 40 (25%), and 13 patients had a BMI ≥ 50 (11.6%). Fifty-two patients (46.4%) had a history of prior abdominal surgery. Most procedures were nonelective (78.6%) with patients presenting with acute symptoms. Pathology showed chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis in 79 patients (70.5%), acute cholecystitis in 26 patients (23.3%), cholelithiasis in 4 patients (3.5%), and gangrenous cholecystitis in 3 patients (2.7%). Total mean operative time was 69.8 (26) minutes for obese patients compared to 59.2 (19.7) minutes in the nonobese, which was statistically significant (P = .0012). After a mean follow-up of 6 months, there were no major complications recorded including bile leak, hematoma, or ductal injury. There was 1 umbilical (incisional) hernia (0.9%) reported, and zero wound infections. When comparing RSSC performed in

  5. Central nervous system involvement by Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (Bing-Neel syndrome): A multi-institutional retrospective study

    PubMed Central

    Castillo, Jorge J.; D’Sa, Shirley; Lunn, Michael P.; Minnema, Monique C.; Tedeschi, Alessandra; Lansigan, Frederick; Palomba, M. Lia; Varettoni, Marzia; Garcia-Sanz, Ramon; Nayak, Lakshmi; Lee, Eudocia Q.; Rinne, Mikael L.; Norden, Andrew D.; Ghobrial, Irene M.; Treon, Steven P.

    2017-01-01

    Bing-Neel syndrome (BNS) is a rare complication seen in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM), in which lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) cells colonize the central nervous system (CNS). In this retrospective multi-centre study, we present the clinicopathological features, imaging findings, therapy, response and outcomes of 34 patients with BNS. The median time from WM diagnosis to BNS diagnosis was 3 years, 15% of patients were diagnosed with BNS at the time of WM diagnosis, and 22% of patients developed BNS when responding to active treatment for WM. Patients with BNS presented with variable clinical features including limb motor deficits, change in mental status and cranial nerve palsies. The diagnosis was made using a combination of cerebrospinal fluid cytology, flow cytometry and detection of the MYD88 L265 mutation, and magnetic resonance imaging. The estimated 3-year overall survival rate was 59%. Of the survivors, 40% have evidence of pathological or radiological persistence of disease. Age older than 65 years, platelet count lower than 100 x 109/l, and treatment for WM prior to BNS diagnosis were associated with worse outcome. Exposure to rituximab for treatment of BNS was associated with a better outcome. Multi-institutional collaboration is warranted to improve treatment and outcomes in patients with BNS. PMID:26686858

  6. Central nervous system involvement by Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (Bing-Neel syndrome): a multi-institutional retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Castillo, Jorge J; D'Sa, Shirley; Lunn, Michael P; Minnema, Monique C; Tedeschi, Alessandra; Lansigan, Frederick; Palomba, M Lia; Varettoni, Marzia; Garcia-Sanz, Ramon; Nayak, Lakshmi; Lee, Eudocia Q; Rinne, Mikael L; Norden, Andrew D; Ghobrial, Irene M; Treon, Steven P

    2016-03-01

    Bing-Neel syndrome (BNS) is a rare complication seen in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM), in which lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma cells colonize the central nervous system. In this retrospective multi-centre study, we present the clinicopathological features, imaging findings, therapy, response and outcomes of 34 patients with BNS. The median time from WM diagnosis to BNS diagnosis was 3 years, 15% of patients were diagnosed with BNS at the time of WM diagnosis, and 22% of patients developed BNS when responding to active treatment for WM. Patients with BNS presented with variable clinical features including limb motor deficits, change in mental status and cranial nerve palsies. The diagnosis was made using a combination of cerebrospinal fluid cytology, flow cytometry and detection of the MYD88 L265 mutation, and magnetic resonance imaging. The estimated 3-year overall survival rate was 59%. Of the survivors, 40% have evidence of pathological and/or radiological persistence of disease. Age older than 65 years, platelet count lower than 100 × 10(9) /l, and treatment for WM prior to BNS diagnosis were associated with worse outcome. Exposure to rituximab for treatment of BNS was associated with a better outcome. Multi-institutional collaboration is warranted to improve treatment and outcomes in patients with BNS. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Telepathology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology: A Retrospective Review of Consultations From 1996 to 1997.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Arunima; Brown, G Thomas; Fontelo, Paul

    2017-10-02

    - Telepathology is the practice of pathology at a distance, transmitting images using telecommunication methods for second opinion and/or diagnostic assistance, or for educational purposes. It may be the only means of consultation for some pathologists. - To retrospectively review and evaluate a subset of telepathology consultations from June 1996 to March 1997, and to determine the concordance between the telepathology diagnosis of the contributor and pathologists at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP), Washington, District of Columbia, as well as the concordance between the telepathology diagnosis and the glass slide diagnosis, when available. - Photocopies of de-identified telepathology reports from the AFIP during a 15-month period between June 1996 and March 1997 were reviewed. Contributor versus telepathology diagnosis was graded as 1 (complete agreement), 2 (partial agreement), 3 (disagreement; usually a diagnosis of benign versus malignant), and deferred. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods. - Of the 262 cases, 194 (74%) were in complete agreement with the contributor's diagnosis, 34 of 262 (13%) were in minor disagreement, and 21 of 262 (8%) were in major disagreement. Diagnoses were deferred in 4% (13 of 262) of cases. - Using commercial off-the-shelf technology and despite telecommunication challenges during that time, the AFIP demonstrated that telepathology could be conducted reliably.

  8. Obstetric patients requiring intensive care: a one year retrospective study in a tertiary care institute in India.

    PubMed

    Ashraf, Niyaz; Mishra, Sandeep Kumar; Kundra, Pankaj; Veena, P; Soundaraghavan, S; Habeebullah, S

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives. Critically ill obstetric patients are a particularly unique cohort for the intensivist. The objective of this study was to review the indications for admission, demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of obstetric patients admitted to intensive care unit of a medical college hospital in southern India and to identify conditions associated with maternal mortality. Design. Retrospective analysis of pregnant/postpartum (up to 6 weeks) admissions over a 1-year result. We studied 55 patients constituting 11.6% of mixed ICU admissions during the study period. Results. The mean APACHE (acute physiology and chronic health evaluation) II score of patients at admission was 11.8. Most of the patients (76%) were admitted in the antepartum period. The commonest indications for ICU admission were obstetric haemorrhage (51%) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (18%). 85% of patients required mechanical ventilation and 78% required inotropic support. Conclusions. Maternal mortality was 13%, and the majority of the deaths were due to disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiorgan failure, following an obstetric haemorrhage. A dedicated obstetric ICU in tertiary hospitals can ensure that there is no delay in patient management and intensive care can be instituted at the earliest.

  9. The clinical features and prognosis of mumps-associated hearing loss: a retrospective, multi-institutional investigation in Japan.

    PubMed

    Morita, Shinya; Fujiwara, Keishi; Fukuda, Atsushi; Fukuda, Satoshi; Nishio, Shin-Ya; Kitoh, Ryosuke; Hato, Naohito; Ikezono, Tetsuo; Ishikawa, Kotaro; Kaga, Kimitaka; Matsubara, Atsushi; Matsunaga, Tatsuo; Murata, Takaaki; Naito, Yasushi; Nishizaki, Kazunori; Ogawa, Kaoru; Sano, Hajime; Sato, Hiroaki; Sone, Michihiko; Suzuki, Mikio; Takahashi, Haruo; Tono, Tetsuya; Yamashita, Hiroshi; Yamasoba, Tatsuya; Usami, Shin-Ichi

    2017-01-01

    The majority of hearing loss due to mumps presents as unilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, which is refractory to treatment. In rare cases of bilateral total deafness, cochlear implants were beneficial for speech perception. Vaccination against mumps is recommended to prevent mumps-associated hearing loss. The objective of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics of hearing loss due to mumps and to evaluate hearing outcomes. The clinical parameters were analyzed under a retrospective multi-institutional study design in patients diagnosed with hearing loss due to mumps at the Otolaryngology departments of 19 hospitals between 1987 and 2016. Sixty-seven patients with hearing loss due to mumps were enrolled. The study population consisted of 35 males and 32 females, ranging in age from 1 to 54, with a median age of 9.5 years. Sixty-three patients presented with unilateral, and 4 with bilateral hearing loss. Profound hearing loss was observed in 65 ears. Only one ear with severe hearing loss showed complete recovery. Four patients with bilateral hearing loss received cochlear implant surgery. Most of the patients with hearing loss due to mumps had no history of vaccination.

  10. Incidence of trichostasis spinulosa at a single institution in Yemen.

    PubMed

    Alshami, Mohammad A

    2016-09-01

    Trichostasis spinulosa (TS) is a common, underdiagnosed cosmetic skin condition. The main objectives of this study were to determine the occurrence of TS relative to age and gender, to analyze its cutaneous distribution, and to investigate any possible familial basis for this condition, its impact on patients, and the types and efficacy of previous treatments. All patients presenting to the outpatient dermatology clinic at the study institution and their relatives were examined for the presence of TS and were questioned about family history and previous treatment. Photographs and biopsies of suspected cases of TS were obtained. Of 2400 patients seen between August and December 2013, 286 patients were diagnosed with TS (135 males, 151 females; prevalence: 11.9%). Women presented more frequently than men with complaints of TS (6.3 vs. 4.2%), and more women had received prior treatment for TS (10.5 vs. 2.8%). The most commonly affected sites were the face (100%), interscapular area (10.5%), and arms (3.1%). Lesions involved the nasal alae in 96.2%, the nasal tip in 90.9%, the chin in 55.9%, and the cheeks in 52.4% of patients. Only 15.7% of patients had forehead lesions, and only 4.5% had perioral lesions. Among the 38 previously treated patients, 65.8% reported temporary improvement. Trichostasis spinulosa is a common condition that predominantly affects the face in patients of all ages. Additional studies employing larger cohorts from multiple centers will be required to determine the prevalence of TS in the general population. © 2015 The International Society of Dermatology.

  11. The impact of ethnic population dynamics on neonatal ECMO outcomes: a single urban institutional study.

    PubMed

    Oyetunji, Tolulope A; Thomas, Alexandra; Moon, Tara D; Fisher, Michael A; Wong, Edward; Short, Billie L; Qureshi, Faisal G

    2013-05-01

    Neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ECMO has been clinically used for the last 25 y. It has been an effective tool for both cardiac and non cardiac conditions. The impact of ethno-demographic changes on ECMO outcomes however remains unknown. We evaluated a single institution's experience with non cardiac neonatal ECMO over a 28-y period. A retrospective review of all neonates undergoing noncardiac ECMO between the y 1984 and 2011 was conducted and stratified into year groups I, II, III (≤1990, 1991-2000, and ≥2001). Demographic, clinical, and outcome data were collected. The patient specifics, ECMO type, ECMO length, blood use, complications, and outcomes were analyzed. Univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses were then performed. Data was available for 827 patients. The number of African-American and Hispanic patients increased over the last 27 y (27.5% versus 45.0% and 3.3% versus 21.5%, year group I versus year group III, respectively). The proportion of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients by ethnicity also increased for African-Americans and Hispanics between the two year groups (22.0% to 33.0% and 4.9% to 33.0%, respectively). Similar pattern was noted for non-CDH diagnoses. Low birth weight, low APGAR scores, CDH, primary pulmonary hypertension, central nervous system hemorrhage, and ECMO were independent predictors of mortality. Ethnicity, in itself however, was not associated with mortality on adjusted analysis. More African-Americans and Hispanics have required ECMO over the years with a concurrent decrease in the number of Caucasians. While ethnicity was not an independent predictor of mortality, it appears to be a surrogate for fatal but sometime preventable diagnoses among minorities. Further investigations are needed to better delineate the reason behind this disparity. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. The natural history of tunneled hemodialysis catheters removed or exchanged: a single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Alomari, Ahmad I; Falk, Abigail

    2007-02-01

    To track the natural history of tunneled hemodialysis catheters requiring removal or exchange at a single institution. Over a 2-year period, tunneled hemodialysis catheters that presented to interventional radiology for removal or exchange were entered into this retrospective study. Patient demographics, catheter location, dwell time, and indication for removal were recorded. Pull-back contrast venography was performed with imaging over the chest. Catheters were then removed or exchanged. Three hundred thirty-four tunneled dialysis catheters were removed or exchanged in 207 patients; 108 male, median age 53 years. Dwell time, available from 296 catheters, ranged from 1 to 114 days (median, 66 days) for a total of 32,847 catheter days. One hundred three catheters were removed for infection, yielding a rate of infection requiring catheter removal of 3.0 per 1,000 catheter days. One hundred catheters were removed for other working access, and 96 catheters were exchanged for poor function. Two hundred sixty-five were removed or exchanged from the internal jugular vein, 22 from the subclavian vein, and 24 from the femoral vein. One hundred seventy-two (76%) of the 226 catheters studied with contrast had fibrin sheaths; of which 42 had thrombus identified along the catheter tract. One hundred ninety-three catheters were removed, and 141 catheters were exchanged for new catheters with 82 catheters receiving balloon disruption of the fibrin sheath. Approximately one third of tunneled dialysis catheters are removed for infection, one third for other working access, and one third for poor function. Catheters usually remain in the patient for a median of 2 months. Fibrin sheaths associated with hemodialysis catheters are very common. Thrombus formation around the sheath is frequent.

  13. Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor: A single institution case series at the New England Trophoblastic Disease Center.

    PubMed

    Davis, M R; Howitt, B E; Quade, B J; Crum, C P; Horowitz, N S; Goldstein, D P; Berkowitz, R S

    2015-06-01

    Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) is a rare form of gestational trophoblastic neoplasm which is distinct based on its development from intermediate trophoblast cells and nodular growth pattern. The aim of this study is to describe a case series from a single institution with a review of the literature to better understand the clinical characteristics and outcomes for patients with ETT. A retrospective review was performed using the IRB approved New England Trophoblastic Disease Center (NETDC) database from 1998 to 2014. Eight patients were identified of which seven had complete records. Follow-up data was obtained from the longitudinal medical records. Four (57.1%) patients presented with vaginal bleeding and two (28.6%) patients were asymptomatic at presentation. Three (42.9%) patients had extrauterine disease. All three patients with extrauterine disease who received chemotherapy had stable or progressive disease at follow-up. Only two (29%) patients who presented with non-metastatic disease and underwent hysterectomy were alive with no evidence of disease. The mean interval following antecedent pregnancy was 104months. All patients with an interval >4years demonstrated stable or progressive disease despite intensive chemotherapy. Two patients with non-metastatic disease who declined hysterectomy developed stable or progressive disease despite chemotherapy. This series highlights several features of ETT including the potential for asymptomatic presentation of extrauterine disease. The series also demonstrates chemoresistance, even with multi-agent therapy and a poor prognosis with extrauterine disease and an interval greater than 4years following the antecedent pregnancy suggesting that surgery remains critical in disease control. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Incidence, clinical features, and treatment of familial moyamoya in pediatric patients: a single-institution series.

    PubMed

    Gaillard, Jonathan; Klein, Jennifer; Duran, Daniel; Storey, Armide; Scott, R Michael; Kahle, Kristopher; Smith, Edward R

    2017-03-10

    OBJECTIVE Limited data exist on familial moyamoya in children. The purpose of this study was to characterize presentation and outcomes of pediatric moyamoya patients who have relatives diagnosed with moyamoya. METHODS The authors performed a single-institution retrospective analysis of a case series including all surgically treated children with moyamoya with first- or second-degree relatives with moyamoya. Clinical and radiographic characteristics were analyzed, along with surgical outcomes. RESULTS A total of 537 patients underwent surgery for moyamoya during the study period. Eighteen of those patients (3.4% of the total series) had moyamoya and a family history of moyamoya and were included in this study. Of these 18 patients, 14 were non-twin siblings, and the remaining 4 represented 2 pairs of identical (affected) twins. The presentation was predominantly ischemic (72%), but 4 patients (33%) were asymptomatic when they were found to have moyamoya. Bilateral disease was present in 13 patients (72%). Radiographic stroke prevalence (67%), Suzuki grade (3.3), and angiographic findings were comparable to findings in nonfamilial moyamoya patients. Thirty revascularization procedures were performed, with a 3.3% operative stroke rate per hemisphere and no new strokes in an average follow-up period of 4.5 years. CONCLUSIONS In a North American surgical series, familial moyamoya existed in 3.4% of cases, and was distinguished by manifesting in a broad range of ethnic groups, with a higher proportion of male patients and increased rates of asymptomatic and unilateral disease in comparison to nonfamilial moyamoya. Screening indications remain controversial and the current data are used to suggest guidelines. Surgical therapy is warranted, effective, and durable in these patients, but patients should be carefully selected.

  15. Impact of preoperative imaging on surgical approach for primary hyperparathyroidism: Data from single institution in India

    PubMed Central

    Kaur, Parjeet; Gattani, Raghav; Singhal, Alka Ashmita; Sarin, Deepak; Arora, Sowrabh Kumar; Mithal, Ambrish

    2016-01-01

    Context: Preoperative localization of parathyroid adenoma is essential in deciding the surgical approach of parathyroidectomy. Aim: To describe clinical and biochemical profile, evaluate preoperative imaging modalities and surgical approach in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Methodology: This was a retrospective study conducted at the single institution. All patients who underwent evaluation and surgery for PHPT from 2011 to 2015 were included in the study. Results: A total of 100 patients underwent surgery for PHPT. Mean (standard deviation) age was 51.6 (15.9) years with female to male ratio of 1.7:1. Forty patients had severe symptoms, and sixty had mild to moderate symptoms. The sensitivity of technetium-99m hexakis (2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile) (MIBI) scan and ultrasonography (USG) neck in identifying abnormal parathyroid gland was 93% (93/100) and 98% (98/100), respectively. The MIBI scan results of 90/93 (96.7%) patients corresponded with their surgical findings whereas preoperative USG findings of 96/98 patients (98%) showed correlation with operative findings. Intraoperative intact parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) levels at 10 min postexcision were measured in forty patients (minimally invasive parathyroidectomy = 38, bilateral neck exploration = 1, and unilateral neck exploration = 1). All patients except two had <50% fall in IOPTH. Adenoma weight was positively correlated with preoperative intact PTH. Conclusion: We found that USG has higher sensitivity (98%) than MIBI scan (93%) in localizing abnormal parathyroid gland. Moreover, USG had a higher preoperative localization accuracy (93%) than MIBI scan (90%), allowing to choose an appropriate surgical approach. A higher proportion of patients (60%) had mild/asymptomatic form of PHPT. PMID:27730071

  16. Single-Use Detergent Sacs: A Retrospective Multicenter Canadian Review of Emergency Department Cases.

    PubMed

    Rosenfield, Daniel; Eltorki, Mohamed; VandenBerg, Stephanie; Allain, Dominic; Freedman, Stephen B; Beno, Suzanne

    2016-07-12

    Single-use detergent sacs (SUDS) are widely used in North America and Europe with emerging literature on their toxicity. This is the first Canadian multicenter study aimed to quantify and compare SUDS exposures to traditional detergent exposures. A retrospective review of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program databases was conducted at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Alberta Children's Hospital in Calgary and the Stollery Children's Hospital in Edmonton. All exposures presenting to these 3 centers between 2009 and 2014 were identified, a case form was completed, and data were analyzed. Forty cases of SUDS exposure were identified alongside 35 cases of traditional detergent exposure during the study period resulting in an incidence of 3.16 SUDS exposures per million children per year presenting to tertiary pediatric emergency departments (EDs). In contrast, traditional detergent exposures had an incidence of 2.78 exposures per million children per year presenting to tertiary pediatric EDs over the study period. Although there was no change in incidence of exposure to traditional detergent over the study period, there was an increase in the incidence of SUDS exposures from 2010 to 2013, with a decrease seen in 2014. There was no significant difference seen in age, sex, location of exposure, transportation to hospital, morbidity, or mortality associated with SUDS exposures compared with traditional detergent exposure. Although not statistically more likely to cause long-term complications, SUDS-exposed children required more follow-up visits to health care providers than traditional detergents. This multicenter study is the first to establish the incidence of SUDS and traditional detergent exposure in 3 Canadian cities. Overall, the frequency of exposure to detergents-both traditional and SUDS-is very low. Given the increase in SUDS exposure seen from 2011 to 2013, alongside larger sales of SUDS, continued efforts are required to

  17. Growing teratoma syndrome: experience of a single institution.

    PubMed

    Maroto, P; Tabernero, J M; Villavicencio, H; Mesía, R; Marcuello, E; Solé-Balcells, F J; Sola, C; Mora, J; Algaba, F; Pérez, C; León, X; López López, J J

    1997-01-01

    To analyze the clinical outcome of patients diagnosed with growing teratoma syndrome (GTS) at a single center during a long follow-up. Eleven patients with GTS are reported. GTS lesions were located in the metastatic sites involved at disease presentation. Involved sites were: retroperitoneum in 9 patients; lung in 3; supraclavicular lymph nodes in 2, and inguinal lymph nodes in 1. Surgical resection of the masses was the treatment of choice. Twenty-four surgical procedures were performed: 4 thoracotomies; 2 supraclavicular; 1 inguinal, and 17 retroperitoneal node resections. Three patients have not relapsed since surgery of the masses, at 37+, 110+ and 118+ months. Eight patients have relapsed, 6 with mature teratoma and 2 (22%) with cancer. To date, all the patients are alive, 6 of them without disease and 5 with teratoma after resection of the masses. GTS is an infrequent entity. Involved sites are only at locations previously affected by the disease. The treatment of choice is surgical resection but recurrence is common. Efforts should be done to complete resection of the masses.

  18. Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Parotid Cancer: A Single-Institution Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Zeidan, Youssef H.; Shiue, Kevin; Weed, Daniel; Johnstone, Peter A.; Terry, Colin; Freeman, Stephen; Krowiak, Edward; Borrowdale, Robert; Huntley, Tod; Yeh, Alex

    2012-04-01

    Purpose: Our practice policy has been to provide intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) at resection to patients with head-and-neck malignancies considered to be at high risk of recurrence. The purpose of the present study was to review our experience with the use of IORT for primary or recurrent cancer of the parotid gland. Methods and Materials: Between 1982 and 2007, 96 patients were treated with gross total resection and IORT for primary or recurrent cancer of the parotid gland. The median age was 62.9 years (range, 14.3-88.1). Of the 96 patients, 33 had previously undergone external beam radiotherapy as a component of definitive therapy. Also, 34 patients had positive margins after surgery, and 40 had perineural invasion. IORT was administered as a single fraction of 15 or 20 Gy with 4-6-MeV electrons. The median follow-up period was 5.6 years. Results: Only 1 patient experienced local recurrence, 19 developed regional recurrence, and 12 distant recurrence. The recurrence-free survival rate at 1, 3, and 5 years was 82.0%, 68.5%, and 65.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rate after surgery and IORT was 88.4%, 66.1%, and 56.2%, respectively. No perioperative fatalities occurred. Complications developed in 26 patients and included vascular complications in 7, trismus in 6, fistulas in 4, radiation osteonecrosis in 4, flap necrosis in 2, wound dehiscence in 2, and neuropathy in 1. Of these 26 patients, 12 had recurrent disease, and 8 had undergone external beam radiotherapy before IORT. Conclusions: IORT results in effective local disease control at acceptable levels of toxicity and should be considered for patients with primary or recurrent cancer of the parotid gland.

  19. Factors Affecting Academic Achievement in Single Mothers Attending Public Two-Year Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Shakebra L.

    2012-01-01

    This quantitative, cross-sectional, correlation research study explored the relationships between self-efficacy, social support, and academic achievement among single mothers aged 18 and older attending Mississippi public two-year institutions. A total of 82 single mothers provided data for this study by completing the following research…

  20. Factors Affecting Academic Achievement in Single Mothers Attending Public Two-Year Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Shakebra L.

    2012-01-01

    This quantitative, cross-sectional, correlation research study explored the relationships between self-efficacy, social support, and academic achievement among single mothers aged 18 and older attending Mississippi public two-year institutions. A total of 82 single mothers provided data for this study by completing the following research…

  1. Survival and prognostic factors in Chinese patients with osteosarcoma: 13-year experience in 365 patients treated at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Wang, Wei; Yang, Jing; Wang, Yun; Wang, Dianjun; Han, Gang; Jia, Jinpeng; Xu, Meng; Bi, Wenzhi

    2017-02-01

    This study was designed to retrospectively analyze the survival and prognostic factors in Chinese osteosarcoma patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy or/and surgery in a single institution. A total of 365 patients with pathological proved osteosarcoma undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy or/and surgery in a single institution between December 1999 and December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed for the demographic, tumor-related, and treatment-related variables, prognostic factors for survival rate and chemotherapy response. There were 231 males and 134 females (ratio, 1.72:1). The average age was 21±10years, with peak age between 10 and 20 years old (62%, 226/365). Of 365 patients, 319 (87.4%) suffered from primary tumor only, and 46 (12.6%) had metastases upon initial presentation. The overall 5-year survival rate was 65%. Upon univariate analysis, tumor site (femur 60.3%; other long bone 70.2%; trunk 33.6%; P=0.012), primary metastases (yes 36.7%; no 68.9%; P=0.000), tumor response to preoperative chemotherapy (good 89.8%; poor 47.5%; P=0.001) and recurrence/metastases after treatment (yes 36.2%; no 63.8%; P=0.000) were associated with higher 5-year survival rate. All factors except tumor site maintained their significance in multivariate testing. Male sex and nonconventional subtype of tumor were related to a higher likelihood of poor chemotherapy response.The absence of metastases at initial presentation, negative local recurrence or metastases after treatment, and tumor response to chemotherapy are of independent prognostic value in osteosarcoma. The overall prognostic factors and survival in Chinese patients are similar to those patients reported in western countries. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  2. Outcome of Dupuytren Contractures After Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Injection: A Single-institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Hwee, Yin Kan; Park, Daniel; Vinas, Marisa; Litts, Christopher; Friedman, David

    2017-08-01

    Collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection is an alternative to surgery for patients with Dupuytren disease (DD) of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints. The success of surgical and nonsurgical treatment modalities for DD is reported to vary widely between 25% and 80% (J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985;67:1439-1443; Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007;120:44e-54e; J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89:189-198; J Hand Surg Am. 2011:36:936-942; J Hand Surg Am. 1990;15:755-761; J Hand Surg Br. 1996;21:797-800; J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2000;82:90-94; Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;115:802-810; Ann Plast Surg. 2006;57:13-17). This study presents the outcomes of patients with DD contractures treated with CCH injections at a single institution. An institutional review board-approved retrospective study was conducted of patients with DD of the hand treated with CCH injections in a single institution from February 2010 to April 2015. All patients received the recommended dose of 0.58 mg of CCH and returned for joint manipulation the following day. Data for follow-up at 7 and 30 days postoperatively and up to 5 years for patients who returned seeking further therapy for recurrent symptoms were reviewed. One hundred thirteen patients with a total of 146 affected joints (72 MCP; 74 PIP) were treated with CCH injections (95 males; 18 females; age, 40-92 y). Successful CCH therapy occurred in 75% of injected joints (109/146 joints; 59 MCP; 50 PIP), as defined by less than 5 degrees of contracture after treatment. Twenty-three percent of treated joints had partial correction (34/146 joints; 13 MCP; 21 PIP), as defined by between 5 and 30 degrees of residual contracture after treatment. Three patients (2%) had a failure of treatment, as defined by unchanged or worsened contracture from pretreatment baseline measurements. Fifteen patients (13%) returned to the clinic seeking additional therapy for recurrent joint contracture symptoms in 17 joints over a span of 1

  3. Retrospective observational study comparing the international hip dysplasia institute classification with the Tonnis classification of developmental dysplasia of the hip.

    PubMed

    Miao, Mingyuan; Cai, Haiqing; Hu, Liwei; Wang, Zhigang

    2017-01-01

    The Tonnis radiographic classification of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) has been widely used. The International Hip Dysplasia Institute (IHDI) classification, a new classification system recently developed by the IHDI, is beginning to be applied to evaluate DDH with the absence of an ossification center. This study aimed to validate its reliability in evaluating DDH with an ossification center and compared the 2 classifications in evaluating all DDH hips. In addition, the prediction values of the 2 classifications on clinical management selection were compared.In total, the pelvic radiographs of 212 DDH patients (318 hips) between the ages of 6 and 48 months admitted to Shanghai Children's Medical Center between 2007 and 2014 were assessed by 3 observers retrospectively using the 2 classifications. Intraobserver and interobserver agreements were evaluated using the kappa method. We also assessed the correlation of the 2 radiographic classifications in terms of treatment selection.In total, 216 hips received closed reduction, 61 hips received open reduction, and 41 hips received pelvic osteotomy. Both classifications showed excellent intraobserver and interobserver reliability. However, the IHDI demonstrated more interobserver reliability, especially for evaluating DDH without an ossification center. Both classifications were found to be relevant in detecting the DDH treatment type (P < 0.01). The Tonnis classification was also relevant, especially for evaluating DDH with an ossification center.The IHDI classification exhibited good practicability in classifying the radiographic severity of DDH compared to the Tonnis classification, particularly in hips without an ossification center. Like the Tonnis classification, the IHDI classification can predict treatment plans. Therefore, the IHDI classification seems to be the upgraded version of the Tonnis classification.

  4. Retrospective observational study comparing the international hip dysplasia institute classification with the Tonnis classification of developmental dysplasia of the hip

    PubMed Central

    Miao, Mingyuan; Cai, Haiqing; Hu, Liwei; Wang, Zhigang

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The Tonnis radiographic classification of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) has been widely used. The International Hip Dysplasia Institute (IHDI) classification, a new classification system recently developed by the IHDI, is beginning to be applied to evaluate DDH with the absence of an ossification center. This study aimed to validate its reliability in evaluating DDH with an ossification center and compared the 2 classifications in evaluating all DDH hips. In addition, the prediction values of the 2 classifications on clinical management selection were compared. In total, the pelvic radiographs of 212 DDH patients (318 hips) between the ages of 6 and 48 months admitted to Shanghai Children's Medical Center between 2007 and 2014 were assessed by 3 observers retrospectively using the 2 classifications. Intraobserver and interobserver agreements were evaluated using the kappa method. We also assessed the correlation of the 2 radiographic classifications in terms of treatment selection. In total, 216 hips received closed reduction, 61 hips received open reduction, and 41 hips received pelvic osteotomy. Both classifications showed excellent intraobserver and interobserver reliability. However, the IHDI demonstrated more interobserver reliability, especially for evaluating DDH without an ossification center. Both classifications were found to be relevant in detecting the DDH treatment type (P < 0.01). The Tonnis classification was also relevant, especially for evaluating DDH with an ossification center. The IHDI classification exhibited good practicability in classifying the radiographic severity of DDH compared to the Tonnis classification, particularly in hips without an ossification center. Like the Tonnis classification, the IHDI classification can predict treatment plans. Therefore, the IHDI classification seems to be the upgraded version of the Tonnis classification. PMID:28099350

  5. Effectiveness of lidocaine infusion for status epilepticus in childhood: a retrospective multi-institutional study in Japan.

    PubMed

    Hattori, Hideji; Yamano, Tsunekazu; Hayashi, Kitami; Osawa, Makiko; Kondo, Kyoko; Aihara, Masao; Haginoya, Kazuhiro; Hamano, Shinichiro; Izumi, Tatsurou; Kaneko, Kenichiro; Kato, Ikuko; Matsukura, Makoto; Minagawa, Kimio; Miura, Toshio; Ohtsuka, Yoko; Sugai, Kenji; Takahashi, Takao; Yamanouchi, Hideo; Yamamoto, Hitoshi; Yoshikawa, Hideto

    2008-09-01

    We evaluated the usefulness of intravenous lidocaine therapy for managing of status epilepticus (SE) during childhood in a retrospective multi-institutional study. Questionnaires were sent to 28 hospitals concerning patients admitted for SE who were managed with lidocaine, assessing patient characteristics, treatment protocols and efficacy. In 279 treated patients, 261 SE occurrences at ages between 1 month and 15 years were analyzed. SE was classified as showing continuous, clustered, or frequently repeated seizures. Considering efficacy and side effects in combination, the usefulness of lidocaine was classified into six categories: extremely useful, useful, slightly useful, not useful, associated with deterioration, or unevaluated. In 148 SE cases (56.7%), lidocaine was rated as useful or extremely useful. Multivariate analysis indicated lidocaine was to be useful in SE with clustered and frequently repeated seizures, and SE attributable to certain acute illnesses, such as convulsions with mild gastroenteritis. Efficacy was poor when SE caused by central nervous system (CNS) infectious disease. Standard doses (approximately 2mg/kg as a bolus, 2mg/kg/h as maintenance) produced better outcomes than lower or higher doses. Poor responders to the initial bolus injection of lidocaine were less likely to respond to subsequent continuous infusion than good initial responders. We recommend lidocaine for use in SE with clustered or frequently repeated seizures, and in SE associated with benign infantile convulsion and convulsions with mild gastroenteritis. Lidocaine should be initiated with a bolus of 2mg/kg. If SE is arrested by the bolus, continuous maintenance infusion should follow; treatment should proceed to different measures when SE shows a poor response to the initial bolus of lidocaine.

  6. Mechanical Revascularization for Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Single-Center, Retrospective Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Jeromel, Miran Milosevic, Z. V. Kocijancic, I. J. Lovric, D.; Svigelj, V. Zvan, B.

    2013-04-15

    BackgroundEndovascular mechanical revascularization (thrombectomy) is an increasingly used method for intracranial large vessel recanalization in acute stroke. The purpose of the study was to analyze the recanalization rate, clinical outcome, and complication rate in our stroke patients treated with mechanical revascularization. A total of 57 patients with large vessel stroke (within 3 h for anterior and 12 h for posterior circulation) were treated with mechanical revascularization at a single center during 24 months. The primary goal of endovascular treatment using different mechanical devices was recanalization of the occluded vessel. Recanalization rate (reported as thrombolysis in cerebral infarction [TICI] score), clinical outcome (reported as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] score and modified Rankin scale [mRS] score), as well as periprocedural complications were analyzed. The mean age of the patients was 63.1 {+-} 12.9 years, with baseline median NIHSS score of 14 (interquartile range, 9.5-19). Successful recanalization (TICI 2b or 3) was achieved in 41 (72 %) patients. Twenty patients (35 %) presented with favorable outcome (mRS {<=}2) 30 days after stroke. Overall, significant neurological improvement ({>=}4 NIHSS point reduction) occurred in 36 (63 %) patients. A clinically significant procedure-related adverse events (vessel disruption, peri/postprocedural intracranial bleeding) defined with decline in NIHSS of {>=}4 or death occurred in three (5 %) patients. The study showed a high recanalization rate with improved clinical outcome and a low rate of periprocedural complications in our stroke patients treated with mechanical revascularization. Therefore, we could conclude that endovascular revascularization (primary or in combination with a bridging thrombolysis) was an effective and safe procedure for intracranial large vessel recanalization in acute stroke.

  7. SAFETY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SINGLE ANASTOMOSIS DUODENAL SWITCH PROCEDURE: PRELIMINARY RESULT FROM A SINGLE INSTITUTION.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Lars; Moon, Rena C; Teixeira, Andre F; Galvão, Manoel; Ramos, Almino; Jawad, Muhammad A

    Single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) was introduced into bariatric surgery by Sanchez-Pernaute et al. as an advancement of the biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. To evaluate the SADI-S procedure with regard to weight loss, comorbidity resolution, and complication rate in the super obese population. A retrospective chart review was performed on initial 72 patients who underwent laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic SADI-S between December 17th, 2013 and July 29th, 2015. A total of 48 female and 21 male patients were included with a mean age of 42.4±10.0 years (range, 22-67). The mean body mass index (BMI) at the time of procedure was 58.4±8.3 kg/m2 (range, 42.3-91.8). Mean length of hospital stay was 4.3±2.6 days (range, 3-24). Thirty-day readmission rate was 4.3% (n=3), due to tachycardia (n=1), deep venous thrombosis (n=1), and viral gastroenteritis (n=1). Thirty-day reoperation rate was 5.8% (n=4) for perforation of the small bowel (n=1), leakage (n=1), duodenal stump leakage (n=1), and diagnostic laparoscopy (n=1). Percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) was 28.5±8.8 % (range, 13.3-45.0) at three months (n=28), 41.7±11.1 % (range, 19.6-69.6) at six months (n=50), and 61.6±12.0 % (range, 40.1-91.2) at 12 months (n=23) after the procedure. A total of 18 patients (26.1%) presented with type II diabetes mellitus at the time of surgery. Of these patients, 9 (50.0%) had their diabetes resolved, and six (33.3%) had it improved by 6-12 months after SADI-S. SADI-S is a feasible operation with a promising weight loss and diabetes resolution in the super-obese population. Anastomose única em bypass duodenoileal com gastrectomia vertical (SADI-S) foi introduzida na cirurgia bariátrica por Sanchez-Pernaute et al. como um avanço da derivação biliopancreática com switch duodenal. Avaliar o procedimento SADI-S no que diz respeito à perda de peso, resolução de comorbidades e taxa de complicações na popula

  8. Role of the transumbilical laparoscopic-assisted single-channel, single-port procedure in an interval appendectomy for pediatric mass-forming appendicitis: a preliminary retrospective analysis.

    PubMed

    Ohno, Yasuharu

    2014-08-01

    A transumbilical laparoscopic-assisted single-channel, single-port procedure was introduced during laparoscopic interval appendectomy for mass-forming appendicitis in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of the original laparoscopic interval appendectomy. This study analyzed 31 children who underwent laparoscopic interval appendectomy using a single-channel, single-port procedure. The appendectomy was usually planned 8-12 weeks following initial conservative treatment. The procedure was a single-channel surgery using a 12-mm single port. Both a 5-mm telescope and grasper were inserted simultaneously into the single channel. The grasper held the appendix, and an extracorporeal appendectomy was performed. Appendectomy was planned for 29 patients, as 2 patients deviated from the protocol. The procedure was successful in 21 patients (72.4%). An accessory port was necessary in eight patients, two of whom successfully underwent laparoscopic surgery; the remaining six were converted to open appendectomy. The average length of surgery was 43 min in the single-channel, single-port procedure. No postoperative complications occurred in any patient. The single-channel, single-port procedure was successfully performed in over 70% of the patients. This preliminary retrospective analysis indicates that the procedure is safe and potentially beneficial in children with mass-forming appendicitis who require laparoscopic interval appendectomy. © 2014 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  9. Battling the uncompensated care spiral: outcomes from a single institution assisting uninsured hospitalized patients to obtain health insurance.

    PubMed

    Barnett, Holly; Maughan, Erin; Pearce, Patricia F

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of financial counseling services in assisting uninsured patients receive financial assistance and medical insurance. A single, nonprofit 400+-bed, inner-city, acute care facility in the Mountain West. A retrospective, medical record review design was used. Records for any uninsured patients admitted as inpatients to the hospital were considered for the study. A sample of 50 records was selected by evaluating every 21st patient from a chronological list of 1,070 possible records of all uninsured patients admitted to the facility during the months of May through July 2006. A tool was created for this study and used by the principal investigator (H.B.) to abstract specific points of data from each patient record. The research was approved by the university institutional review board. Descriptive statistical analyses were then performed to determine trends. Financial counseling at this institution aided 55% of uninsured patients to obtain health insurance. Because insurance was obtained for previously uninsured patients, the institution was reimbursed a total of $865,350. The institution was left with a total of $388,291 in uncompensated care. Patients younger than 18 years and patients admitted to labor and delivery or newborn nursery units obtained insurance coverage more often than other patients. Insurance counseling for uninsured hospital patients has proven to be effective. The patient benefits from the counseling by obtaining insurance and the hospital benefits by receiving more financial reimbursement for services given. Case managers have a great opportunity to help their uninsured patients by offering insurance counseling. Case managers should familiarize themselves with all possible health insurance options so that they can advise and guide patients through these application processes.

  10. Predicting Spontaneous Stone Passage in Prepubertal Children: A Single Institution Cohort.

    PubMed

    Dangle, Pankaj; Ayyash, Omar; Shaikh, Humza; Stephany, Heidi A; Cannon, Glenn M; Schneck, Francis X; Ost, Michael C

    2016-09-01

    No method currently exists for predicting which young child with a renal or ureteral stone will require surgery as opposed to pass the stone. Our goals were to analyze practice patterns at a major pediatric center and to identify factors that predicted spontaneous stone passage. A retrospective review of all prepubertal patients (≤ 11 years) presenting to our institution from January 2005 to July 2014 with symptomatic nephrolithiasis was performed. Demographic data and stone details were reviewed, including anatomic location, size, and outcomes. Spontaneous stone passage was determined by parental report and/or stone absence on imaging obtained within 6 months after initial diagnosis. A total of 119 eligible patients were identified, with an average age of 88.7 months (4-143). Forty eight (40.3%) patients spontaneously passed their stone and the remaining 59.7% required endoscopic intervention. Overall, 79.0% had symptomatic presentation (flank pain, hematuria) and 39.5% of patients were obstructing stones. Symptomatic presentation was more common with ureteral (86.5%) than with renal (66.7%) stones, but was not associated with increased passage of stones in general (p-value 0.1765). Of the 48 patients who spontaneously passed stones, 11 (24.4%) were renal stones compared with 37 (50.0%) ureteral stones. The average size of spontaneously passed stones was 3.5 mm (2-8) for renal and 3.4 mm (1-7) for ureteral stones. Based on logistic regression, the single most important predictor of stone passage was stone size (p-value <0.001). The odds of passage were 3.1 times higher for ureteral stones compared with renal stones (p = 0.0070) when not controlling for size. In prepubertal patients, ureteral stones with an average size of 3.5 mm or less are more likely to pass spontaneously. Based on this information, watchful waiting is a reasonable option in clinically stable nonseptic patients with renal/ureteral stones of this size.

  11. Daptomycin antibiotic lock therapy for hemodialysis patients with Gram-positive bloodstream infections following use of tunneled, cuffed hemodialysis catheters: retrospective single center analysis.

    PubMed

    Yen, Hung-Wen; Yang, Wu-Chang; Tarng, Der-Cherng; Yang, Chih-Yu; Chuang, Chiao-Lin; Huang, Ling-Ju; Lin, Pei-Yu; Wang, Chih-Chun; Li, Szu-Yuan

    2016-04-01

    Catheter-related blood stream infection (CRBSI) is a major complication in hemodialysis patients. We assessed the efficacy of systemic daptomycin (DPT) plus DPT antibiotic lock therapy (DPT-ALT) for catheter salvage in patients with Gram-positive CRBSIs. This is a retrospective study of hemodialysis patients with tunneled and cuffed hemodialysis catheters. All patients were from a single institution in Taipei and received systemic DPT plus DPT-ALT for the treatment of Gram-positive CRBSI. Successful resolution of CRBSI was implemented. Resolution of fever within 48 hours, negative result of repeated blood cultures after resolution of fever, no clinical evidence of CRBSI relapse and no need for catheter removal were measured. Fifteen hemodialysis patients received DPT-ALT for CRBSI, nine with coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CONS), two with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), three with methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and one with polymicrobial infections. Systemic DPT plus DPT-ALT cured 11 patients (73.3%). Treatment failed in all three MRSA cases (two with MRSA and one with MRSA + Enterococcus faecalis). Retrospective design and small sample size were the limitations of this study. Systemic DPT plus DPT-ALT appears to be a promising treatment for CRBSI from CONS and MSSA, but not for MRSA CRBSI. Systemic DPT plus DPT-ALT should be considered for patients with CRBSIs caused by certain species.

  12. Single-institutional experience of clinicopathological analysis and treatment for lung cancer patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.

    PubMed

    Takahashi, Satoshi; Okuma, Yusuke; Watanabe, Kageaki; Hosomi, Yukio; Imamura, Akifumi; Okamura, Tatsuru; Gemma, Akihiko

    2017-05-01

    The advent of antiretroviral therapy has changed the disease spectrum constitution among patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), while the incidence of death due to non-AIDS-defining cancers, particularly lung cancer, continues to increase in the USA and Europe. However, the availability of detailed reports of the clinical characteristics of lung cancer among Asian populations is limited. The present study retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, treatment regimens and outcomes of lung cancer patients with HIV who were treated in a single institution between 1988 and 2013. Of the 20 lung cancer patients living with HIV included in this study, 90% were diagnosed since 1996 in the post-antiretroviral era. The median CD4(+) cell count was 373.5/µl, whereas 65% of the patients were diagnosed with adenocarcinoma and 30% with squamous cell carcinoma. Epidermal growth factor receptor mutations were detected in 3 (27%) of the 11 specimens for which data were available, of which 65% had advanced-stage disease. Of the 20 patients, 9 underwent surgery, 6 received radiotherapy and 5 received chemotherapy as a first-line treatment. Treatment was generally well-tolerated. The median survival period was 35.8 months for all stages and 14.0 months for advanced stages. The treatment outcomes in our institution were favorable in comparison with previous studies from the USA and Europe, although these findings may be due to ethnic differences or the efficacy of treatment for HIV and lung cancer.

  13. The MILLER banding procedure as a treatment alternative for dialysis access steal syndrome: a single institutional experience.

    PubMed

    Shukla, Pratik A; Kolber, Marcin K; Nwoke, Franklin; Kumar, Abhishek; Shams, Joseph N; Silberzweig, James E

    2016-01-01

    To describe a single institutional experience with minimally invasive limited ligation endoluminal-assisted revision (MILLER) for treatment of dialysis access steal syndrome (DASS). Twenty patients were retrospectively identified that underwent 30 MILLER band procedures for DASS at our institution from March 2010 to December 2014. Technical success was defined by successful creation of MILLER band with preservation of flow for hemodialysis. Clinical success was defined as complete resolution of signs and symptoms with preservation of dialysis access in a 1-month postprocedural period. Primary MILLER band patency, postintervention-assisted primary access patency, and postprocedure secondary access patency are reported. Technical success was achieved in all patients. Clinical success was achieved in 75% of patients after one banding procedure and in 95% of patients after two banding procedures. One patient experienced access thrombosis following the initial banding procedure which was subsequently treated and did not lead to loss of access. MILLER band patency was 83% at 1 month and 77% at 6 months. Postintervention-assisted primary patency was 95%, 93%, and 92% at 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year, respectively. Postintervention secondary patency was 86%, 68%, and 59% at 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year, respectively. MILLER banding offers a less-invasive alternative to surgical therapy that appears to be safe and permits preservation of dialysis access. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Complication reports for robotic surgery using three arms by a single surgeon at a single institution

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Ching-Hui; Chen, Huang-Hui; Liu, Wei-Min

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate perioperative complications related to robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery for management of gynaecologic disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight hundred and fifty-one women who underwent robotic procedures between December 2011 and April 2015 were retrospectively included for analysis. Patient demographics, surgical outcomes and complications were evaluated. RESULTS: The overall complication rate was 5.5%, whereas the rate of complications for oncologic cases was 8.4%. Intra-operative complications (n = 7, 0.8%) consisted of five cases of bowel lacerations, one case of ureter laceration and one case of bladder injury. Early and late post-operative complications were 4.0% (n = 34) and 0.8% (n = 6), respectively. Six patients (0.7%) experienced Grade III complications based on the Clavien-Dindo classification and required further surgical intervention. CONCLUSION: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery is a feasible approach for management of gynaecologic disorders; the complication rates for this type of procedure are acceptable. PMID:27251839

  15. Laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy vs three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A large-scale retrospective study

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Yuan; Jiang, Ze-Sheng; Xu, Xiao-Ping; Zhang, Zhi; Xu, Ting-Cheng; Zhou, Chen-Jie; Qin, Jia-Sheng; He, Guo-Lin; Gao, Yi; Pan, Ming-Xin

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To perform a large-scale retrospective comparison of laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy (LESSC) and three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TPLC) in a single institution. METHODS: Data were collected from 366 patients undergoing LESSC between January 2005 and July 2008 and were compared with the data from 355 patients undergoing TPLC between August 2008 and November 2011 in our department. Patients with body mass index greater than 35 kg/m2, a history of major upper abdominal surgery, signs of acute cholecystitis, such as fever, right upper quadrant tenderness with or without Murphy’s sign, elevated white blood cell count, imaging findings suggestive of pericholecystic fluid, gallbladder wall thickening > 4 mm, and gallstones > 3 cm, were excluded to avoid bias. RESULTS: Altogether, 298 LESSC and 315 TPLC patients met the inclusion criteria. The groups were well matched with regard to demographic data. There were no significant differences in terms of postoperative complications (contusion: 19 vs 25 and hematoma at incision: 11 vs 19), hospital stay (mean ± SD, 1.4 ± 0.2 d vs 1.4 ± 0.7 d) and visual analogue pain score (mean ± SD, 8 h after surgery: 2.3 ± 1.4 vs 2.3 ± 1.3 and at day 1: 1.2 ± 0.4 vs 1.3 ± 1.2) between the LESSC and TPLC patients. Four patients required the addition of extra ports and 2 patients were converted to open surgery in the LESSC group, which was not significantly different when compared with TPLC patients converted to laparotomy (2 vs 2). LESSC resulted in a longer operating time (mean ± SD, 54.8 ± 11.0 min vs 33.5 ± 9.0 min), a higher incidence of intraoperative gallbladder perforation (56 vs 6) and higher operating cost (mean ± SD, 1933.7 ± 64.4 USD vs 1874.7 ± 46.2 USD) than TPLC. No significant differences in operating time (mean ± SD, 34.3 ± 6.0 min vs 32.7 ± 8.7 min) and total cost (mean ± SD, 1881.3 ± 32.8 USD vs 1876.2 ± 33.4 USD) were found when the last 100 cases in the two groups were

  16. Reliability of 3-Dimensional Measures of Single-Leg Cross Drop Landing Across 3 Different Institutions

    PubMed Central

    DiCesare, Christopher A.; Bates, Nathaniel A.; Barber Foss, Kim D.; Thomas, Staci M.; Wordeman, Samuel C.; Sugimoto, Dai; Roewer, Benjamin D.; Medina McKeon, Jennifer M.; Di Stasi, Stephanie; Noehren, Brian W.; Ford, Kevin R.; Kiefer, Adam W.; Hewett, Timothy E.; Myer, Gregory D.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are physically and financially devastating but affect a relatively small percentage of the population. Prospective identification of risk factors for ACL injury necessitates a large sample size; therefore, study of this injury would benefit from a multicenter approach. Purpose: To determine the reliability of kinematic and kinetic measures of a single-leg cross drop task across 3 institutions. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: Twenty-five female high school volleyball players participated in this study. Three-dimensional motion data of each participant performing the single-leg cross drop were collected at 3 institutions over a period of 4 weeks. Coefficients of multiple correlation were calculated to assess the reliability of kinematic and kinetic measures during the landing phase of the movement. Results: Between-centers reliability for kinematic waveforms in the frontal and sagittal planes was good, but moderate in the transverse plane. Between-centers reliability for kinetic waveforms was good in the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes. Conclusion: Based on these findings, the single-leg cross drop task has moderate to good reliability of kinematic and kinetic measures across institutions after implementation of a standardized testing protocol. Clinical Relevance: Multicenter collaborations can increase study numbers and generalize results, which is beneficial for studies of relatively rare phenomena, such as ACL injury. An important step is to determine the reliability of risk assessments across institutions before a multicenter collaboration can be initiated. PMID:26779550

  17. Neurologic Injury With Severe Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Patients Undergoing Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis.

    PubMed

    Klinzing, Stephanie; Wenger, Urs; Stretti, Federica; Steiger, Peter; Rushing, Elisabeth J; Schwarz, Urs; Maggiorini, Marco

    2017-08-31

    This retrospective single-center study investigated the incidence of neurologic injury as determined by autopsy or cerebral imaging in 74 patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory distress syndrome. Seventy-three percent of patients were treated with venovenous and 27% with venoarterial ECMO. ECMO-associated intracerebral hemorrhage was diagnosed in 10.8% of patients. There were no cases of ischemic stroke. Clinical characteristics did not differ between patients with and without neurologic injury. Six-month survival was 13% (Wilson confidence interval, 2%-47%) in patients with severe intracerebral hemorrhage compared to an overall survival rate of 57% (Wilson confidence interval, 45%-67%).

  18. Thrombophilia diagnosis: a retrospective analysis of a single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Spychalska-Zwolińska, Marta; Zwoliński, Tomasz; Mieczkowski, Artur; Budzyński, Jacek

    2015-09-01

    It is estimated that 30-50% of patients suffering from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) could be diagnosed with congenital or acquired thrombophilia. Its diagnosis, however, rarely changes the clinical management, but is associated with significant costs and negative psychological and social aspects. The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of the causes and clinical consequences of diagnostics for thrombophilia. A retrospective review of the medical records of 5600 patients was performed, 62 of whom had, at the time, been diagnosed for thrombophilia because of a thromboembolic event. A review of the current literature on the validity of diagnostic tests for hypercoagulability in certain clinical conditions was also performed. The most common reason for thrombophilia testing was episodes of lower limb DVT (56%). The most frequently diagnosed abnormalities were the heterozygous form of the V Leiden gene (18%), protein S deficiency (11%), and the anti cardiolipin antibody IgG (11%). In 45% of the patients, laboratory results did not confirm the presence of any congenital thrombophilia. After receiving the results, 11% of the respondents completed oral anticoagulation therapy after 3 months, and 28% of patients qualified for indefinite use of oral anticoagulant therapy. In most of the cases examined, the diagnosis of thrombophilia did not significantly affect the treatment. A common aberration identified in patients with a history of thromboembolic incidents was the coexistence of risk factors for atherosclerosis.

  19. Single-Stage Trans-mastoid Drainage of Otogenic Brain Abscess: A Single-Institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Dwaipayan; Das, Chiranjib; Paul, Dipten

    2016-06-01

    Brain abscess is the ultimate otogenic complication, both in severity and difficulty of management. In developing countries with high incidence of cholesteatoma, brain abscess is not a rare complication. In India, brain abscesses constitute about 8 % of all intracranial lesions. The surgical treatment of brain abscess is very controversial. This prospective study was done in ENT department of a tertiary care hospital in Kolkata, during the period from May 2009 to April 2014. 22 such cases of otogenic brain abscess managed by single-stage trans-mastoid drainage along with meticulous mastoid clearance. On the basis of clinical, radiological and operative findings, data of all patients with otogenic brain abscess were analyzed. There was male predominance and 9 (40.91 %) of them were younger than 20 years. 15 (68.18 %) cases were of cerebellar abscess and in 7 (31.82 %) cases were of the temporal abscess. Lateral sinus thrombosis was the most common associated complication found (22.73 %) in our study. All the patients peri-operatively revealed cholesteatoma. All the patients recovered well and there was no recurrence of symptoms on a minimum 15 months follow-up. This approach suits the otologists in clearing the cause and effect of pathology, at the same sitting. This single-stage approach decreases the peri-operative morbidity and mortality of the two-stage procedure. It also decreases the hospital stay and financial burden.

  20. Retrospective analysis of factors that affect the success of single-dose methotrexate treatment in ectopic pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Var, Altan; Özyurt, Ramazan; Şık, Bulat Aytek; Kumbasar, Serkan; Sever, Erman; Deveci, Mustafa; Çöt, Özgür; Salman, Süleyman; Güzel, Yılmaz

    2015-12-01

    Detection of factors that affect the success of single-dose methotrexate treatment in ectopic pregnancy. We investigated 99 patients who had been treated with single-dose methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy in our clinic between January 2009 and June 2014. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory results of possible factors that affect treatment success were retrospectively analyzed. Successfully and unsuccessfully treated patients were compared based on their pre-treatment results. The success rate of single-dose methotrexate treatment was found to be 70.7%. No significant difference was found between succesfully and unsuccessfully treated patients before treatment in terms of factors such as gestational weeks, mass size, presence of yolk sac, and presence of free fluid (p=0.224, p=0.201, p=0.200, p=0.200). Serum β-hCG values in patients whose treatment was unsuccessful was found to be higher compared with the successfully treated group (mean β-hCG value of unsuccessful group: 4412±3501 mIU/mL; mean β-hCG value of successful group: 1079±942 mIU/mL; p<0.001). Single-dose methotrexate treatment is an effective and reliable method in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Elevation of serum β-hCG value stands as the main prognostic factor that affects the success of single-dose methotrexate treatment.

  1. Gender difference in utilization willingness of institutional care among the single seniors: evidence from rural Shandong, China.

    PubMed

    Qian, Yangyang; Chu, Jie; Ge, Dandan; Zhang, Li; Sun, Long; Zhou, Chengchao

    2017-05-12

    Institutional care has become an urgent issue in rural China. Rural single seniors, compared with their counterparts, have lower income and are more vulnerable. Gender is also a significant factor determining long-term institutional care. This study is designed to examine the gender difference towards utilization willingness of institutional care among rural single seniors. A total of 505 rural single seniors were included in the analysis. Binary logistic regression model was used to examine the gender difference towards utilization willingness for institutional care, and also to identify the determinants of the utilization willingness for institutional care among rural single male and female seniors. Our study found that about 5.7% rural single seniors had willingness for institutional care in Shandong, China. Single females were found to be less willing for institutional care than single males in rural areas (OR = 0.19; 95 CI 0.06-0.57). It's also found that psychological stress was associated with institutionalization willingness in both single males (P = 0.045) and single females (P = 0.013) in rural China. The rural single seniors who lived alone were found to be more willing for institutional care both in males (P = 0.032) and females (P = 0.002) compared with those who lived with children or others. This study found that there was a gender difference towards utilization willingness for institutional care among single seniors in rural China. Factors including psychological stress and living arrangements were determinants of institutionalization willingness both in single males and females. Targeted policies should be made for rural single seniors of different gender.

  2. Outcome evaluation of patients with newly diagnosed anaplastic gliomas treated in a single institution.

    PubMed

    Pessina, Federico; Navarria, Pierina; Cozzi, Luca; Tomatis, Stefano; Clerici, Elena; Ascolese, Anna Maria; Simonelli, Matteo; Perrino, Matteo; Riva, Marco; Rossi, Marco; Rudà, Roberta; Santoro, Armando; Bello, Lorenzo; Scorsetti, Marta

    2017-07-18

    To evaluate the outcome of newly diagnosed anaplastic glioma patients treated in our institution in relation to the 2016 WHO classification suggestions. This retrospective study included patients who underwent surgery plus adjuvant chemotherapy alone or concomitant and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Response was recorded using the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria. 123 patients were analyzed. The median progression-free survival time and the 2, 3 and 5 years progression-free survival rate were 27 months, 65.5, 21.2 and 21.2%; the 2, 3 and 5 years overall survival rate were 89.7, 83.0 and 58.4%. From the univariate/multivariate analysis, the factors conditioning survival were Karnofsky performance scale, extent of resection, IDH1 mutation status and presence of 1p/19q codeletion. The choice of adjuvant treatment have to consider molecular assessment and, in our experience, the extent of surgical resection.

  3. Trabectedin in advanced synovial sarcomas: a multicenter retrospective study from four European institutions and the Italian Rare Cancer Network.

    PubMed

    Sanfilippo, Roberta; Dileo, Palma; Blay, Jean-Yves; Constantinidou, Anastasia; Le Cesne, Axel; Benson, Charlotte; Vizzini, Laura; Contu, Marianna; Baldi, Giacomo G; Dei Tos, Angelo P; Casali, Paolo G

    2015-07-01

    Treatment options for patients with metastatic synovial sarcoma are limited. Over recent years, trabectedin has emerged as an effective agent for patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas resistant to anthracyclines and ifosfamide. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to study the efficacy of trabectedin in the subgroup of synovial sarcomas. A retrospective analysis was carried out on patients with advanced synovial sarcoma treated with trabectedin at four European reference sarcoma centers and within the Italian Rare Cancer Network between 2000 and 2013. Radiological response, progression-free, and overall survival, as well as serious and unexpected adverse events were retrospectively assessed. Sixty-one patients with metastatic synovial sarcoma were identified. The median number of previous chemotherapy regimens was 2 (range 1-6). Nine patients had a partial response, in addition to two minor responses, and 19 patients had stable disease, for an overall response rate of 15% and a tumor control rate of 50%. The median progression-free survival was 3 months, with 23% of patients free from progression at 6 months. The median progression-free survival in responding patients was 7 months. Trabectedin is a therapeutic option for palliative treatment of a subset of patients with metastatic synovial sarcoma.

  4. Single-access laparoscopic approach in the surgical treatment of endometrial cancer: A single-institution experience and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Corrado, Giacomo; Cutillo, Giuseppe; Pomati, Giulia; Mancini, Emanuela; Baiocco, Ermelinda; Patrizi, Lodovico; Saltari, Maria; Barletta, Francesco; Patani, Fabiola; Vizza, Enrico

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the surgical and oncological outcome for the management of endometrial cancer (EC) by laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent a LESS for EC. All the patients were treated by the same surgical team between July 2009 and June 2013 at the Gynaecologic Oncologic Unit, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy. RESULTS: A total of 50 women were included, with a median age of 45 years (range, 39-84 years) and a median body mass index (BMI) of 21.8 kg/m2 (range, 19-48 kg/m2). Median operative time was 100 min (range, 50-240 min), median blood loss was 90 mL (range, 10-300 mL) and median hospital stay was 3 days (range, 2-9 days). The median number of pelvic lymph nodes retrieved was 14 (range, 5-20). No intraoperative complications occurred, but there were 4 postoperative complications. Two patients required a laparoscopic conversion. The median follow-up was 36 months (range, 16-62 months) and no recurrence occurred. CONCLUSION: Our report showed that the LESS approach in the treatment of early EC can be a safe and reliable technique in terms of surgical and oncological outcomes. PMID:27609329

  5. Craniofacial implants at a single centre 2005-2015: retrospective review of 451 implants.

    PubMed

    Elledge, R; Chaggar, J; Knapp, N; Martin, T; White, N; Evriviades, D; Edmondson, S; Parmar, S

    2017-04-01

    Craniofacial endosseous implants are regularly used to support prostheses in the rehabilitation of complex defects, but reported success rates vary. To review our own clinical practice over 10 years, and particularly to examine the impact of radiotherapy and the timing of placement on the survival of implants, we retrospectively audited the records for all patients who had endosseous implants for prosthetic rehabilitation in our unit between 2005 and 2015. We reviewed 167 records, which gave 451 implants, of which, 222 (49%) were auricular, 98 (22%) nasal, and 131 (29%) orbital. Most were placed after ablative operations for cutaneous malignancy (n=103 patients, 62%). The failure rate of implants placed in bone that was irradiated either before or after placement was significantly higher than that of those placed in non-irradiated bone (univariate analysis: 11% compared with 2%, p<0.001: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis: p<0.001). The timing of placement in relation to radiotherapy (before compared with after) seemed to have no impact on success (p=0.96). Our findings are in keeping with previous reports, and the principal observation is that radiotherapy adversely affects success. We work closely with our maxillofacial prosthetists and place implants at the time of ablation. Our findings seem to support this practice regardless of whether or not the patient will later require adjuvant radiotherapy.

  6. A single-center retrospective study of pregnancy outcomes after emergency cerclage for cervical insufficiency.

    PubMed

    Wang, Sheng; Feng, Ling

    2017-10-01

    To compare maternal and perinatal outcomes after emergency cerclage with those after elective cerclage. In a retrospective review, data were assessed from women with a viable singleton pregnancy who underwent elective or emergency cerclage for cervical insufficiency at the Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, China, between January 2010 and July 2015. Subgroup analyses based on cervical length (CL; ≤15, 15-25, and 25-30 mm) were also conducted among women undergoing emergency cerclage. In total, 68 women underwent elective cerclage and 53 underwent emergency cerclage. The suture-to-delivery interval was significantly longer in the elective group (19.17 ± 5.86 weeks) than in the emergency group (11.29 ± 7.27 weeks; P<0.001). There was no difference between the elective and emergency groups in mean pregnancy length at delivery, frequency of Apgar score below 7 at 5 minutes (live births only), or birth weight (live births only). An inverse trend in the degree of CL shortening with pregnancy outcomes was observed; women with a CL of 25-30 mm had the best outcomes. Pregnancy outcomes were similar after emergency and elective cerclage. There was an inverse trend in the degree of CL shortening with pregnancy outcomes in the emergency cerclage group, with better outcomes observed for women with longer CL. © 2017 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

  7. A 10-year retrospective review of pediatric lung abscesses from a single center

    PubMed Central

    Madhani, Kavi; McGrath, Eric; Guglani, Lokesh

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Pediatric lung abscesses can be primary or secondary, and there is limited data regarding response to treatments and patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and microbiologic profile of pediatric patients with lung abscess and assess the differences in outcomes for patients treated with medical therapy or medical plus surgical therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of all pediatric patients ≤ 18 years of age that were treated as an inpatient for lung abscess between the dates of August 2004 and August 2014 was conducted. Patients were divided into two subgroups based on the need for surgical intervention. RESULTS: A total of 39 patients with lung abscess (30 treated with medical therapy alone, 9 also required surgical interventions) were included. Fever, cough, and emesis were the most common presenting symptoms, and most of the patients had underlying respiratory (31%) or neurologic disorders (15%). Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism in those that had culture results available, and ceftriaxone with clindamycin was the most common combination of antibiotics used for treatment. Comparison of medical and surgical subgroups identified the duration of fever and abscess size as risk factors for surgical intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric lung abscesses can be managed with medical therapy alone in most cases. Presence of prolonged duration of fever and larger abscess size may be predictive of the need for surgical intervention. Good clinical response to prolonged therapy with ceftriaxone and clindamycin was noted. PMID:27512508

  8. Prophylactic pancreatic stent placement for endoscopic duodenal ampullectomy: a single-center retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Chang, Woo Ik; Min, Yang Won; Yun, Hwan Sic; Lee, Kwang Hyuck; Lee, Jong Kyun; Lee, Kyu Taek; Rhee, Poong Lyul

    2014-05-01

    We investigated the efficacy of prophylactic pancreatic stent placement for preventing postprocedure pancreatitis in patients undergoing endoscopic papillectomy. This retrospective study included 82 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic papillectomy for benign ampullary neoplasm at Samsung Medical Center between August 2002 and June 2011. The patients were subdivided into two groups, namely, those who received prophylactic pancreatic stent placement and those who did not. Patient demographics, baseline blood test, tumor characteristics, and endoscopic treatment data were collected. The primary endpoint was postprocedure pancreatitis. There was no difference in the development of postprocedure pancreatitis between the stent group and the no stent group (6/54, 10.5% and 2/28, 7.14%, respectively; p=1.00). At baseline, there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of their risk factors for pancreatitis except pancreatic duct dye injection. The stent group was more likely to have dye injection than the nonstent group (100% vs 42.8%, p<0.001). However, in a logistic regression analysis, no significant difference was observed in the risk factors for pancreatitis including dye injection. Our data suggest that routine prophylactic pancreatic duct stent placement in all patients undergoing endoscopic papillectomy may not be necessary and that large-scale prospective studies are required to identify the subgroup of patients who would benefit.

  9. Predictors of Infections following Cranioplasty: A Retrospective Review of a Large Single Center Study

    PubMed Central

    Starke, Robert M.; Hann, Shannon; Bovenzi, Cory D.; Saigh, Mark P.; Schwartz, Eric W.; Kunkel, Emily S. I.; Efthimiadis-Budike, Alexandra S.; Jabbour, Pascal; Rosenwasser, Robert H.; Tjoumakaris, Stavropoula I.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. The variables that predispose to postcranioplasty infections are poorly described in the literature. We formulated a multivariate model that predicts the risk of infection in patients undergoing cranioplasty. Method. Retrospective review of all patients who underwent cranioplasty following craniectomy from January, 2000, to December, 2011. Tested predictors were age, sex, diabetic status, hypertensive status, reason for craniectomy, urgency status of craniectomy, location of cranioplasty, reoperation for hematoma, hydrocephalus postcranioplasty, and material type. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. Results. Three hundred forty-eight patients met the study criteria. Infection rate was 26.43% (92/348). Of these cases with infection, 56.52% (52/92) were superficial (supragaleal), 43.48% (40/92) were deep (subgaleal), and 31.52% (29/92) were present in both the supragaleal and subgaleal spaces. The predominant pathogen was coagulase-negative staphylococcus (30.43%) followed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (22.83%) and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (15.22%). Approximately 15.22% of all cultures were polymicrobial. Multivariate analysis revealed convex craniectomy, hemorrhagic stroke, and hydrocephalus to be associated with an increased risk of infection (OR = 14.41; P < 0.05, OR = 4.33; P < 0.05, OR = 1.90; P = 0.054, resp.). Conclusion. Many of the risk factors for infection after cranioplasty are modifiable. Recognition and prevention of the risk factors would help decrease the infection's rate. PMID:25401136

  10. Ten years of biophotonics single-photon SPAD imager applications: retrospective and outlook

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bruschini, Claudio; Homulle, Harald; Charbon, Edoardo

    2017-02-01

    SPAD (single-photon avalanche diode) arrays are single-photon imagers that can provide unparalleled timeresolved sensing performance. Since their inception in standard CMOS technologies (2003), a host of architectures and target applications have been explored, ranging from simple pixel arrays, with off-chip data processing electronics, to fully integrated "smart" imagers with in-pixel time-stamping electronics and/or on-chip data processing fabric. Applications include (endoscopic) FLIM, (multi-beam multiphoton) FLIM-FRET, SPIMFCS, time-resolved Raman, NIROT, super-resolution microscopy, and PET, to name a few. We will review some representative sensors and applications, the corresponding challenges, and provide an outlook on the future of this fascinating technology

  11. Neonatal opiate withdrawal and rooming-in: a retrospective analysis of a single center experience.

    PubMed

    Hünseler, C; Brückle, M; Roth, B; Kribs, A

    2013-09-01

    To evaluate our treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), our experience with rooming-in of opiate-dependent mothers and to examine the influence of rooming-in on short term outcome of infants exposed to opiates in utero. Retrospective analysis of maternal and perinatal data of newborn infants with NAS treated between 2004 and 2011 in a level 3 academic children's hospital in a German metropolis. Therapy of NAS and duration of therapy, length of hospital stay and costs were considered in particular. Data of 77 newborns with NAS were analysed. 84.6% of infants were treated with tincture of opium (79.2% rooming-in, 88.7% no rooming-in). Infants with rooming-in (n=24) had a 17% shorter median duration of therapy [27.0 d (IQR 24.0-38.5), no rooming-in (n=53) 32.5 d (IQR 25.0-54.5)] and shorter median length of hospital stay [33.0 d (IQR 28.0-48.0), no rooming-in 41.5 d (IQR 30.3-54.5)]. Demographic data was comparable between newborns and mothers with or without rooming-in. Costs were median 13 457 € (IQR 8 967-17 494)/patient [rooming-in: 9 547 € (IQR 7 024-16 135), no rooming-in: 14 486 € (IQR 9 479-19 352)]. Rooming-in in NAS should be encouraged to shorten duration of therapy and length of hospital stay and thereby reduce costs. No major problems arose in the care of the infants with NAS when parents stayed with their infants but close monitoring of the newborn and strict instruction of parents are required. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  12. A retrospective analysis of survival and prognostic factors of male breast cancer from a single center

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Less than 1% of all breast cancer cases are found in men, who reportedly have inferior outcomes compared with matched women patients. Ethnic differences may also affect their prognosis. Here, we investigated overall survival (OS) and major prognostic factors for male breast cancer (MBC) in a cohort of Egyptian patients. Methods We retrospectively analyzed OS in a cohort of 69 male patients with MBC who were surgically treated at the Mansoura Cancer Center, Egypt between 2000 and 2007. We registered demographic data, age, height, weight and body mass index, tumor size, histology, number of infiltrated axillary lymph nodes, hormone receptor (HR) status and metastatic presence, and TNM staging. Patients’ OS was the primary endpoint. Patients received treatment to the medical standards at the time of their diagnosis. Results In the 69 patients who met the inclusion criteria and had complete stored patient data, tumors ranged from T1c to T3. We could gather cancer-related survival data from only 56 patients. The collective 5-year survival in this cohort was 46.4%. Only five patients had distant metastasis at diagnosis, but they showed a null percent 5-year survival, whereas those with no lymph node infiltration showed a 100% 5-year survival. Lymph node status and tumor grading were the only prognostic factors that significantly affected OS. Conclusions Lymph node status and tumor grade are the most important prognostic factors for overall survival of MBC in Egyptian male patients; whereas even remarkably low HR expression in MBC did not significantly affect OS. Further research is needed to understand the factors that affect this disease. PMID:24673740

  13. Role of apheresis and dialysis in pediatric living donor liver transplantation: a single center retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Sanada, Yukihiro; Mizuta, Koichi; Urahashi, Taizen; Ihara, Yoshiyuki; Wakiya, Taiichi; Okada, Noriki; Yamada, Naoya; Koinuma, Toshitaka; Koyama, Kansuke; Tanaka, Shinichiro; Misawa, Kazuhide; Wada, Masahiko; Nunomiya, Shin; Yasuda, Yoshikazu; Kawarasaki, Hideo

    2012-08-01

    In the field of pediatric living donor liver transplantation, the indications for apheresis and dialysis, and its efficacy and safety are still a matter of debate. In this study, we performed a retrospective investigation of these aspects, and considered its roles. Between January 2008 and December 2010, 73 living donor liver transplantations were performed in our department. Twenty seven courses of apheresis and dialysis were performed for 19 of those patients (19/73; 26.0%). The indications were ABO incompatible-liver transplantation in 11 courses, fluid management in seven, acute liver failure in three, renal replacement therapy in two, endotoxin removal in two, cytokine removal in one, and liver allograft dysfunction in one. Sixteen courses of apheresis and dialysis were performed prior to liver transplantation for 14 patients. The median IgM antibody titers before and after apheresis for ABO blood type-incompatible liver transplantation was 128 and eight, respectively (P < 0.05). Eleven courses of apheresis and dialysis were performed post liver transplantation for 10 patients. The median PaO2/FiO2 ratio before and after dialysis for fluid overload was 159 and 339, respectively (P < 0.05). No bleeding or technical complications attributable to apheresis and dialysis occurred. The 1-year survival rate of the patients was 100%. Apheresis and dialysis in pediatric living donor liver transplantation are effective for antibody removal in ABO-incompatible liver transplantation, and fluid management for acute respiratory failure. © 2012 The Authors. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis © 2012 International Society for Apheresis.

  14. Acute kidney injury in a single pediatric intensive care unit in Poland: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Miklaszewska, Monika; Korohoda, Przemysław; Sobczak, Alina; Horbaczewska, Anna; Filipiak, Agata; Zachwieja, Katarzyna; Kobylarz, Krzysztof; Tkaczyk, Marcin; Drożdż, Dorota; Pietrzyk, Jacek A

    2014-01-01

    The recent improvements of management of patients in pediatric intensive care units (PICU) are associated with improved outcome. However, this decrease in mortality is associated with an increased number of children with acute kidney injury (AKI), especially in patients with multiorgan failure. The report presents a retrospective analysis of 25 cases of AKI (assessed based on the pRIFLE criteria) in PICU within 7 years. AKI was diagnosed in 1.24% of all hospitalized children. AKI percentage duration (as compared to the total hospitalization time) in the children who died vs. the survivors was 79.55% vs. 46.19%, respectively (p<0.05). The mortality rate of AKI patients was 40% which was 4.4-times higher as compared to the total mortality rate in PICU. The final cumulative survival ratio (FCSR) of patients meeting the oliguria criterion (which was met in 48% of AKI patients) was 37% vs. 49% in non-oliguric children. Averaged urine output values in the first week of hospitalization in the deceased vs. survivors were 1.49 vs. 2.57 ml/kg/h, respectively (p<0.05). Oliguria should not be considered as a sensitive parameter for AKI diagnosing in children below one year of age. A decreased mean urine output in the first week of PICU hospitalization (less than 1.4 ml/kg/h) should be considered as a poor prognostic factor. In many cases AKI was diagnosed too infrequently and too late. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  15. Immunosuppressive Therapy in Patients with Aplastic Anemia: A Single-Center Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Jalaeikhoo, Hasan; Khajeh-Mehrizi, Ahmad

    2015-01-01

    Background Aplastic anemia (AA) is a rare disease in which hematopoietic stem cells are severely diminished resulting in hypocellular bone marrow and pancytopenia. Etiology of AA includes auto immunity, toxins, infection, ionizing radiation, drugs and rare genetic disorders, but in the majority of cases no cause can be identified. In the present study we assessed response rate, survival, relapse and clonal evolution in patients with AA treated with immunosuppressive therapy. Methods Patients with AA who received immunosuppressive therapy between May 1998 and September 2013 were included in this study. Patients with non-severe AA (NSAA) were treated with cyclosporine (CsA) and danazol while patients with severe AA (SAA) as well as patients with NSAA who progressed to SAA after beginning of the treatment, were candidates for receiving antithymocyte globulin in addition to CsA and danazol. Results Among the 63 studied patients, 29 (46%) had NSAA and 34 (54%) had SAA. Three months after treatment, overall response was 58.6% in NSAA and 12.9% in patients with SAA. Survival of all patients at 5, 10 and 15 years were 73%, 55% and 49%, respectively. Survival rates were significantly higher in patients with NSAA compared to patients with SAA as well as in patients who responded at 6 months compared to non-responders. The relapse risk was 39.7% at 10 years. Relapse occurred in patients who discontinued the therapy more than those who continued taking CsA (p value<0.01). The risk of clonal evolution was 9.9% at 10 years and 22.8% at 15 years after treatment. Conclusion This long-term retrospective study indicated that immunosuppressive therapy should be recommended to patients with AA. Also, our experience indicated that immunosuppressive therapy should not be discontinued after response to therapy in patients with both NSAA and SAA due to high risk of relapse. Low dose of CsA should be continued indefinitely. PMID:25970182

  16. Ovulation induction and controlled ovarian stimulation using letrozole gonadotropin combination: A single center retrospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Arya, Sushila; Kupesic-Plavsic, Sanja; Mulla, Zuber D; Dwivedi, Alok K; Crisp, Zeni; Jose, Jisha; Noble, Luis S

    2017-09-23

    To assess the effect of letrozole in combination with low dose gonadotropins for ovulation induction in anovulatory infertility from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and controlled ovarian stimulation for endometriosis, and unexplained infertility patients. Retrospective cohort study in a setting of private Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Clinic affiliated with the University. Three hundred couples (650 cycles) requiring OI/COS for PCOS (92 patients, 195 cycles), endometriosis (89 patients, 217 cycles), and unexplained infertility (119 patients, 238 cycles). Patients received 2.5mg or 5mg letrozole for 5days (D3-D7) and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone on alternating D3-D7 and human menopausal gonadotropin-highly purified alternating D5-D10 until growth of ideally 2 mature follicles. Ovulation was triggered with 10,000 IU of HCG. Maximum number of cycles per patient was four. Main outcome measures were clinical pregnancy rates, multiple order pregnancy rates, miscarriage rates, number of follicles and endometrial thickness on the day of HCG administration. The cumulative incidence of pregnancy was estimated as 35% (95%CI: 29%-41%) overall and was highest in patients with PCOS (36.6%), followed by unexplained infertility (34.6%) and endometriosis (32.5%). The pregnancy rates per cycle in PCOS, endometriosis and unexplained infertility patients were 17%, 13.2% and 17.2% respectively, no statistically significant difference between the groups. There were three twin pregnancies in PCOS, and one in unexplained infertility group. Monofolliculogenesis was noted in 48% of patients. Letrozole-low dose gonadotropins combination appears to be effective across different causes of infertility for superovulation. The letrozole-low dose gonadotropin combination resulted in high rate of monofolliculogenesis, low occurrence of multiple gestations and no case of OHSS or cycle cancellation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. [Ocular Metastasis in Lung Cancer: a Retrospective Analysis in a Single Chinese Hospital and Literature Review].

    PubMed

    Xu, Yan; Sun, Yiduo; Zhao, Jing; Chen, Minjiang; Jiangde, Lina; Li, Longyun; Zhong, Wei; Wang, Mengzhao

    2017-05-20

    Eye is a rare site of lung cancer metastasis, and ocular metastasis is one of the largest challenges to cancer patients' quality of life (QOL). Here we present our experience on ocular metastasis of lung cancer and review relevant literature in an attempt to investigate the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of these tumors. The records of 9 patients with ocular metastasis of lung cancer treated at our hospital were analyzed. A literature review identified 42 cases reported in the last 10 years and their medical records were retrospectively estimated. The median age of our patients was 51 years (range 41-61). Diagnosis of lung cancer included non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) in 7 patients, in which adenocarcinoma (ADC) were recorded in 6 patients, small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) in 1 patient, and unknown in 1 patient. The site of ocular metastasis included choroid (n=8) and iris (n=1). In the literature review, SCLC constituted 21.4% (n=9) and ADC constituted 47.6% (n=20). Choroid presented to be the most common site for eye metastasis (66.7%, n=28). As for disease control rate, systemic chemotherapy for lung cancer patients with ocular metastasis presented to be only 28%. Meanwhile, combination of systemic treatment with ocular treatment could improve patients' eye symptoms effectively. The most common lung cancer that metastasizes to the eye is ADC. The choroid is the most common site for ocular metastasis. Ocular treatment can improve patients' eye symptoms, while the effect of systemic chemotherapy treatment is limited.

  18. The effects of weather on pediatric seizure: A single-center retrospective study (2005-2015).

    PubMed

    Kim, Sung Hoon; Kim, Joon Soo; Jin, Mi Hyeon; Lee, Jun Hwa

    2017-12-31

    Several studies have reported an association between seizure and the weather. However, reports are conflicting. Thus, we investigated whether emergency department visits due to seizure are affected by weather. We retrospectively analyzed 108,628 emergency department visits to Samsung Changwon Hospital by pediatric patients from January 2005 to December 2015. Among them, there were 3484 (3.2%) visits for any type of seizure. Seizures were categorized as febrile seizure, afebrile seizure, epilepsy, or status epilepticus. We used a distributed lag non-linear model with quasi-Poisson distribution to investigate the association between weather and pediatric seizure. During this 11-year study period, over the half of total pediatric seizure patients were febrile seizure (53.5%) and the proportion for status epilepticus were the lowest (5.9%). Mean of mean temperature and diurnal temperature range were 14.7°C and 8.3°C. Mean humidity was 62.1%, mean of atmospheric pressure was 1015.5hPa and mean of sunshine was 6.3Hr. When considering the overall 0-15days lagged effect of weather, only mean temperature was significantly associated with emergency department visits. At lower temperatures, the number of emergency department visits increases and decreases at higher temperatures. All 4 types of seizure also showed similar patterns. In particular, only visits of febrile seizure were significantly associated with mean temperature. We investigated the association weather and pediatric seizure by considering 0-15day lags. In particular, low mean temperature increase the emergency department visits for pediatric seizure and high mean temperature decrease the pediatric seizure. In addition, only febrile seizure of 4 seizure types was affected by mean average temperature. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Survey of preventable disaster death at medical institutions in areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake: a retrospective preliminary investigation of medical institutions in Miyagi Prefecture.

    PubMed

    Yamanouchi, Satoshi; Sasaki, Hiroyuki; Tsuruwa, Miho; Ueki, Yuzuru; Kohayagawa, Yoshitaka; Kondo, Hisayoshi; Otomo, Yasuhiro; Koido, Yuichi; Kushimoto, Shigeki

    2015-04-01

    The 2011, magnitude (M) 9, Great East Japan Earthquake and massive tsunami caused widespread devastation and left approximately 18,500 people dead or missing. The incidence of preventable disaster death (PDD) during the Great East Japan Earthquake remains to be clarified; the present study investigated PDD at medical institutions in areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake in order to improve disaster medical systems. A total of 25 hospitals in Miyagi Prefecture (Japan) that were disaster base hospitals (DBHs), or had at least 20 patient deaths between March 11, 2011 and April 1, 2011, were selected to participate based on the results of a previous study. A database was created using the medical records of all patient deaths (n=868), and PDD was determined from discussion with 10 disaster health care professionals. A total of 102 cases of PDD were identified at the participating hospitals. The rate of PDD was higher at coastal hospitals compared to inland hospitals (62/327, 19.0% vs 40/541, 7.4%; P<.01). No difference was observed in overall PDD rates between DBHs and general hospitals (GHs); however, when analysis was limited to cases with an in-hospital cause of PDD, the PDD rate was higher at GHs compared to DBHs (24/316, 7.6% vs 21/552, 3.8%; P<.05). The most common causes of PDD were: insufficient medical resources, delayed medical intervention, disrupted lifelines, deteriorated environmental conditions in homes and emergency shelters at coastal hospitals, and delayed medical intervention at inland hospitals. Meanwhile, investigation of PDD causes based on type of medical institution demonstrated that, while delayed medical intervention and deteriorated environmental conditions in homes and emergency shelters were the most common causes at DBHs, insufficient medical resources and disrupted lifelines were prevalent causes at GHs. Preventable disaster death at medical institutions in areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake occurred mainly at

  20. A single institution's effort to translate codeine knowledge into specific clinical practice.

    PubMed

    Jerome, Joel; Solodiuk, Jean C; Sethna, Navil; McHale, Josh; Berde, Charles

    2014-07-01

    Codeine is an unpredictable analgesic because of its variable pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and pharmacogenetic properties. This variability may lead to ineffective analgesia in some and respiratory depression in others. Despite this, codeine is still widely used. At a pediatric tertiary medical institution, codeine was prescribed despite efforts to inform prescribers of the potentially unpredictable analgesia and serious side effects. A retrospective/prospective metric was introduced to determine the frequency of codeine orders as compared with similar institutions using Pediatric Health Information Systems data. Interventions included formal and informal education to prescribers, and replacing codeine with oxycodone for patients aged older than six months and an age-appropriate medication for those patients younger than six months within ordersets. Identifying and addressing the major barriers to change also was a key part of the process. Codeine use was reduced by 97% from the first quarter of 2008 through the third quarter of 2012. This was accomplished through orderset changes and education. Codeine was completely eliminated from the hospital formulary in January 2013. This quality improvement initiative was successful in eliminating codeine from the hospital formulary. Although education decreased codeine orders, understanding and addressing the barriers to change and directly changing the ordersets were the most effective and efficient for knowledge translation. Copyright © 2014 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Clinicopathologic characteristics of invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast: results of an analysis of 530 cases from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Orvieto, Enrico; Maiorano, Eugenio; Bottiglieri, Luca; Maisonneuve, Patrick; Rotmensz, Nicole; Galimberti, Viviana; Luini, Alberto; Brenelli, Fabricio; Gatti, Giovanna; Viale, Giuseppe

    2008-10-01

    Although invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) is the second most common histotype of breast cancer, the prognostic implications of its clinicopathologic characteristics remain controversial. The authors undertook a retrospective analysis of a large series of cases treated and followed at a single institution, with the objective of assessing the prognostic/predictive value of distinct clinicopathologic features of the tumors, after revision of the original histopathologic preparations and statistical analyses. Overall, 530 patients with pure ILC (57% with the classic type; 19% with the alveolar type; 11% with the solid type; and the remaining 13% characterized by pleomorphic, signet ring cell, histiocytoid, or apocrine features) were included in the study. Tumor size, lymph node metastatic involvement, and hormonal status were confirmed to be significant prognostic factors. In addition, statistically significant correlations were demonstrated between the 'classic' histotype of ILC and a lower risk of axillary lymph node metastases (P = .0005), a reduced number of metastatic lymph nodes (P = .04), and lower tumor grade (P < .0001). Patients with ILC of the 'nonclassic' subtype demonstrated significantly increased breast-related events (hazards ratio of 1.80; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-3.10) and a trend toward reduced disease-free survival and overall survival. The results of the current study confirm the clinical usefulness of several traditional clinicopathologic features of ILC as prognostic parameters but also emphasize the prognostic role of the histopathologic subtyping of these tumors, documenting the more favorable outcome of the classic subtype of ILC.

  2. A Comparison of the LigaSure and Harmonic Scalpel in Thyroid Surgery: A Single Institution Review

    PubMed Central

    Zarebczan, Barbara; Mohanty, Devi; Chen, Herbert

    2010-01-01

    Background Over the last few years many surgeons have begun to utilize the LigaSure device or Harmonic scalpel to perform thyroid surgery. Several papers have demonstrated the benefits of these devices over traditional hand-tying techniques. The purpose of this study was to examine our institution’s experience with the LigaSure device and Harmonic scalpel during thyroid surgery and to compare mean operative times and complications associated with each device. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent thyroid surgery using either the LigaSure device or Harmonic scalpel at a single institution between December 2005 and August 2009. Charts were reviewed for patient demographics, mean operative time, length of stay, and complications such as transient recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, hypocalcemia, and hematoma formation. Results Two hundred and thirty-one patients were included in the study, of whom 123 underwent total thyroidectomy and 108 underwent lobectomy. There was a significant decrease in the operative time for both thyroidectomies and lobectomies when the Harmonic scalpel was utilized. In regard to complications, there was no statistically significant difference in the number of transient and permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries, percentage of patients developing hypocalcemia, or in the rate of hematoma development. Conclusion In this study, there was no difference in the rate of complications between the two devices. However, the use of the Harmonic scalpel significantly decreased operative time for both thyroidectomies and thyroid lobectomies when compared to the LigaSure device. PMID:20853030

  3. CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas: a single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Michael; Chen, Yi-Ren; Chang, Steven D; Veeravagu, Anand

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas (SVHs) are a very rare pathology that can present with persistent pain or neurological deficits that warrant surgical intervention. Given the relative rarity and difficulty in assessment, the authors sought to present a dedicated series of SVHs treated using stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to provide insight into clinical decision making. METHODS A retrospective review of a single institution's experience with hypofractionated radiosurgery for SVH from 2004 to 2011 was conducted to determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes following SRS treatment. The authors report and analyze the treatment course of 5 patients with 7 lesions, 2 of which were treated primarily by SRS. RESULTS Of the 5 patients studied, 4 presented with a chief complaint of pain refractory to conservative measures. Three patients reported dysesthesias, and 2 reported upper-extremity weakness. Following radiosurgery, 4 of 5 patients exhibited improvement in their primary symptoms (3 for pain and 1 for weakness), achieving a clinical response after a mean period of 1 year. In 2 cases there was 20%-40% reduction in lesion size in the most responsive dimension as noted on images. All treatments were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS SRS for SVH is a safe and feasible treatment strategy, comparable to prior radiotherapy studies, and in select cases may successfully confer delayed decompressive effects. Additional investigation will determine future patient selection and how conformal SRS treatment can best be administered.

  4. Do iatrogenic factors bias the placement of external ventricular catheters?--a single institute experience and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Woernle, Christoph M; Burkhardt, Jan-Karl; Bellut, David; Krayenbuehl, Niklaus; Bertalanffy, Helmut

    2011-01-01

    Placement of external ventricular drainage (EVD) catheters is the gold standard for managing acute hydrocephalus, but the range of complications varies in different studies. The objective of this present single institute study is to analyze iatrogenic factors, which may influence the EVD device placement and the patient's outcome. A total of 137 EVD placements in 120 patients at the University Hospital Zurich were analyzed retrospectively. Discriminative findings between the pre- and postoperative imaging were obtained and evaluated in detail with regards to the postoperative course, ventriculostomy-related infection, and acute neurological deterioration directly related to the EVD placement. These findings were correlated to iatrogenic factors including education level of the neurosurgeon and surgical setting. Overall EVD-related complication rate was 16.1%, including infection rate of 10.2%, catheter malplacement rate of 2.2%, and hemorrhage rate of 3.6%. Although not statistically significant, catheter-associated hemorrhages and malplacements were found mostly in primary EVD surgery, with a higher complication rate associated with junior residents as the performing surgeon. In contrast, ventriculostomy-related infection was most likely present in patients with more than one EVD placement and in patients treated by more experienced physicians. Complications related to EVD are common. The rate and character of the complication depends on the education level of the surgeon.

  5. A Retrospective Study of Academic Leadership Skill Development, Retention and Use: The Experience of the Food Systems Leadership Institute

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez, Claudia S. P.; Noble, Cheryl C.; Jensen, Elizabeth T.; Martin, Linda; Stewart, Marshall

    2016-01-01

    The Food Systems Leadership Institute (FSLI) is a 2-year leadership development program consisting of 3 intensive in-person immersion retreats, and a robust and customizable distance-based program. Participants come primarily from land-grant and public universities and learn about personal, organizational and system leadership with a focus on food…

  6. Retrospective Understandings: Individual-Collective Influences on High Achieving Black Students at a Predominantly White Institution of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Candice Elaine

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the findings of an exploratory qualitative study that examined the influences of individual and collective sociocultural identities on the community involvements and high academic achievement of 10 Black alumni who attended a predominantly White institution between 1985 and 2008. Syntagmatic narrative analysis and…

  7. Retrospective Understandings: Individual-Collective Influences on High Achieving Black Students at a Predominantly White Institution of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Candice Elaine

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the findings of an exploratory qualitative study that examined the influences of individual and collective sociocultural identities on the community involvements and high academic achievement of 10 Black alumni who attended a predominantly White institution between 1985 and 2008. Syntagmatic narrative analysis and…

  8. Perioperative Outcomes, Complications, and Efficacy of Robotic-Assisted Prolapse Repair: A Single Institution Study of 196 Patients.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Priyanka; Ehlert, Michael; Bartley, Jamie; Gilleran, Jason; Killinger, Kim A; Boura, Judith A; Nagaraju, Pradeep; Fischer, Melissa

    2017-09-15

    Abdominal pelvic organ prolapse repair is efficacious for uterovaginal and apical prolapse. We describe the safety and efficacy of robotic prolapse repair in a large teaching institution. Consecutive robotic-assisted prolapse repairs at a single institution between 2006 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed for patient characteristics, operative information, and outcomes. A total of 196 women (mean age, 61 ± 9 years) underwent robotic prolapse repair (189 sacrocolpopexy, 6 sacrohysteropexy, 1 enterocele repair). Concomitant procedures included hysterectomy (88), midurethral sling (84), and/or Burch colposuspension (7). Mean odds ratio time was 242 ± 69.9 minutes, and median length of stay was 1 day. Intraoperative complications were as follows: cystotomy (4), vaginotomy (4), conversion to open (2), bowel injury/aborted (1), adhesions/aborted (1), and ureteral injury (1). Women with complications had greater blood loss than those without complications (P = 0.0015). Immediate (<30 days) postoperative complications were rare: port-site hernia (2), discitis (1), ileus (1), and ulnar neuropraxia (3). At median follow-up of 9 months (range, 0-85 months), 14 women had recurrent grade 3 prolapse, and 4 had grade 2 apical prolapse. Nine of 14 women had additional prolapse repair at a mean of 9.5 ± 6.3 months. Vaginal mesh exposure was detected in 12 (6.3%) of 192 women. There were 6 procedures for mesh exposure and 2 procedures for exposed sutures. One mesh erosion into the bladder required open excision. In this large series of robotic prolapse repair, complications are infrequent. Short-term apical outcomes are excellent. Few women required additional compartment repairs within 1 year with 6% rate of mesh exposure.

  9. Pharyngocutaneous fistula after total laryngectomy: A single-institution experience, 2001–2012☆,☆☆

    PubMed Central

    Benson, Eleni M.; Hirata, Richard M.; Thompson, Carol B.; Ha, Patrick K.; Fakhry, Carole; Saunders, John R.; Califano, Joseph A.; Arnaoutakis, Demetri; Levine, Marshall; Tang, Mei; Neuner, Geoffrey; Messing, Barbara P.; Blanco, Ray G.F.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of and risk factors for pharyngocutaneous fistula in patients undergoing total laryngectomy at a single institution. Materials and methods The records of 59 patients undergoing primary or salvage total laryngectomy at our institution from 2001 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Data collected included patient, tumor and treatment characteristics, and surgical technique. Risk factors were analyzed for association with pharyngocutaneous fistula formation. Results Twenty patients (34%) developed fistulas. Preoperative tracheostomy (OR 4.1; 95% CI 1.3–13 [p = 0.02]) and low postoperative hemoglobin (OR 9.1; 95% CI 1.1–78 [p = 0.04]) were associated with fistula development. Regarding surgical technique, primary sutured closure of the total laryngectomy defect had the lowest fistula rate (11%). In comparison, primary stapled closure and pectoralis onlay flap over primary closure had nonsignificantly increased fistula rates (43%, OR 6.0; 95% CI 1.0–37.3 [p = 0.06] and 25%, OR 2.7; 95% CI 0.4–23.9 [p = 0.38], respectively). Pectoralis flap incorporated into the suture line had a significantly increased fistula rate (50%, OR 7.1; 95% CI 1.4–46 [p = 0.02]). After stratification for salvage status, patient comorbidities were associated with fistula in non-salvage cases whereas disease-related characteristics were associated with fistula in salvage cases. Fistula development was associated with increased length of hospital stay (p < 0.001) and increased time before oral diet initiation (p < 0.001). Conclusions Pharyngocutaneous fistula is a common complication of total laryngectomy. Preoperative tracheostomy, postoperative hemoglobin, and surgical technique are important in determining the risk of fistula. PMID:25245411

  10. Obesity and post-cardiopulmonary bypass-associated acute kidney injury: a single-center retrospective analysis.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Avinash B; Bridget Zimmerman, M; Suneja, Manish

    2014-06-01

    The authors specifically explored the association of obesity (based on body mass index [BMI]) and the risk of developing acute kidney injury after cardiopulmonary bypass (AKICPB). Single-center retrospective study. Academic medical center. After IRB approval, 376 eligible adults who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass between 2006-2010 were included in the final retrospective analysis. Patients undergoing "off-pump" procedures, cardiac transplants, repair of congenital heart disease, and patients with preoperative circulatory assist devices were excluded. The overall incidence of developing AKICPB in this population based on the Acute Kidney Injury Network serum creatinine criteria was 39% (147 of 376). Among the BMI classes, the morbidly obese cohort (ie, BMI>40 kg/m(2)) had a significantly greater risk of developing AKICPB than those in lower BMI classes. BMI>40 kg/m(2) was significantly associated with development of AKICPB even after accounting for covariates (ie, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, age, severity of illness, and CPB time) (overall p = 0.018). The odds ratio of AKICPB in the BMI>40 kg/m(2) cohort relative to BMI<25 kg/m(2) was 2.39 (95% CI: 0.98, 5.82; p = 0.055), with no significant difference in risk of developing AKICPB among the 4 lower BMI classes. BMI>40 kg/m(2) is associated with a significantly higher risk of developing of AKICPB. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Congenital heart defects in newborns with apparently isolated single gastrointestinal malformation: A retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Schierz, Ingrid Anne Mandy; Pinello, Giuseppa; Giuffrè, Mario; La Placa, Simona; Piro, Ettore; Corsello, Giovanni

    2016-12-01

    Congenital gastrointestinal system malformations/abdominal wall defects (GISM) may appear as isolated defects (single or complex), or in association with multiple malformations. The high incidence of association of GISM and congenital heart defects (CHD) in patients with syndromes and malformative sequences is known, but less expected is the association of apparently isolated single GISM and CHD. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of CHD in newborns with isolated GISM, and the possibility to modify the diagnostic-therapeutic approach just before the onset of cardiac symptoms or complications. Anamnestic, clinical, and imaging data of newborns requiring abdominal surgery for GISM, between 2009 and 2014, were compared with a control group of healthy newborns. Distribution of GISM and cardiovascular abnormalities were analyzed, and risk factors for adverse outcomes were identified. Seventy-one newborns with isolated GISM were included in this study. More frequent GISM were intestinal rotation and fixation disorders. CHD were observed in 15.5% of patients, augmenting their risk for morbidity. Risk factors for morbidity related to sepsis were identified in central venous catheter, intestinal stoma, and H2-inhibitor-drugs. Moreover, 28.2% of newborns presented only functional cardiac disorders but an unexpectedly higher mortality. The high incidence of congenital heart disease in infants with apparently isolated GISM confirms the need to perform an echocardiographic study before surgery to improve perioperative management and prevent complications such as sepsis and endocarditis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Retrospective comparison of the effectiveness of various treatment modalities of extragastric MALT lymphoma: a single-center analysis.

    PubMed

    Wöhrer, Stefan; Kiesewetter, Barbara; Fischbach, Julia; Müllauer, Leonhard; Troch, Marlene; Lukas, Julius; Mayerhoefer, Marius E; Raderer, Markus

    2014-08-01

    We have performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with extragastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma treated at our institution to compare the efficacy of first-line therapeutic modalities including surgery, radiation, systemic therapy, and antibiotics. One hundred eighty-five patients with extragastric MALT lymphoma with a median age of 63 (interquartile range (IQR) 50-74) years and a median follow-up time of 49 (IQR 18-103) months were retrospectively analyzed. Time to progression and time to next therapy were used as surrogate endpoints for efficacy. Patients having either surgery (100 %), chemo/immunotherapy (85.5 %), or radiation (80 %) had significantly (p = 0.01) higher response rates than patients treated with antibiotics (33.3 %). Patients who were irradiated had significantly more progressive disease, but also the longest follow-up time. Stage, elevated LDH, anemia, elevated beta-2 microglobulin, plasmacytic differentiation, monoclonal gammopathy, or autoimmune disease did not influence the rate of disease progression nor did complete remission or partial remission from initial therapy influence time to and rate of progression. There was no significant difference in the median time to progression (p = 0.141), but the estimated time to progression (p = 0.023) as well as the estimated time to next therapy (p = 0.021) was significantly different among the various cohorts favoring surgery, chemo/immunotherapy, and radiation. Our results suggest extragastric MALT lymphoma as a potential systemic disease irrespective of initial stage. Radiation, surgery, and chemo/immunotherapy seem to be equally effective in achieving remissions and prolonged progression free survivals, but a curative potential is questionable. Localized MALT lymphomas affecting the thyroid gland or the lungs have excellent long-term progression-free survivals with surgical treatment only.

  13. Cumulative Success Rate of Short and Ultrashort Implants Supporting Single Crowns in the Posterior Maxilla: A 3-Year Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Lombardo, Giorgio; Pighi, Jacopo; Marincola, Mauro; Nocini, Pier Francesco

    2017-01-01

    Aim To determine cumulative success rate (CSR) of short and ultrashort implants in the posterior maxilla restored with single crowns. Patients and Methods We performed a retrospective study in 65 patients with 139 implants. 46 were ultrashort and 93 short. Implants were placed with a staged approach and restored with single crowns. Success rate, clinical and radiographic outcomes, and crown-to-implant ratio (CIR) were assessed after three years. Statistical analysis was performed by descriptive and inferential statistics. A log-binomial regression model where the main outcome was implant success was achieved. Coefficients and 95% confidence intervals were reported. Analyses were performed with Stata 13.2 for Windows. Results 61.54% of patients were female and mean overall age was 51.9 ± 11.08 years old. Overall CSR was 97.1% (95% CI: 92.4–98.9): 97.9 and 95.1% for short and ultrashort, respectively (P value: 0.33). Four implants failed. Covariates were not associated with CSR (P value > 0.05). Regression model showed coefficients correlated with implant success for ultrashort implants (0.87) and most of covariates but none were statistically significant (P values > 0.05). Conclusions Our results suggest that short and ultrashort implants may be successfully placed and restored with single crowns in the resorbed maxillary molar region. PMID:28751913

  14. Endovascular Mechanical Recanalisation of Acute Carotid-T Occlusions: A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Fesl, Gunther; Wiesmann, Martin; Patzig, Maximilian; Holtmannspoetter, Markus; Pfefferkorn, Thomas; Dichgans, Martin; Brueckmann, Hartmut

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: Acute carotid-T occlusion generally responds poorly to thrombolysis. Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (EMT) seems to be a promising alternative. However, there are few data on EMT in carotid-T occlusions. Materials and Methods: We reviewed data of 14 consecutive patients with acute carotid-T occlusions treated with mechanical recanalisation devices. A clot separation/aspiration system was used in 11 patients; different other mechanical retriever devices were used in seven patients; and stents were used in four patients. Modified Rankin Scale scores at 90 days were recorded to assess functional outcome. Results: Six women and eight men were included in the study. Mean patient age was 59.2 years; median National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score on admission was 19; and mean time to treatment was 4.2 h. Successful recanalisation (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction [TIMI] score II and III) was achieved in 11 patients (78.6%). Seven patients (50.0%) were treated with more than one device, leading to successful recanalisation in six of these patients (85.7%). Subarachnoid haemorrhage and large space-occupying bleedings occurred in one (7.1%) and three (21.4%) patients, respectively. At follow-up, three patients (21.4%) were functionally independent, and six (42.9%) had died. Conclusion: When applying different mechanical devices, we found a high recanalisation rate. However, discrepancy between recanalisation and clinical outcome remained. More data are needed to assess the effect of the different methods on the prognoses of stroke patients.

  15. Single-site Versus Multiport Robotic Hysterectomy in Benign Gynecologic Diseases: A Retrospective Evaluation of Surgical Outcomes and Cost Analysis.

    PubMed

    Bogliolo, Stefano; Ferrero, Simone; Cassani, Chiara; Musacchi, Valentina; Zanellini, Francesca; Dominoni, Mattia; Spinillo, Arsenio; Gardella, Barbara

    2016-01-01

    To compare the surgical outcomes and costs of robotic-assisted hysterectomy with the single-site (RSSH) or multiport approach (RH). A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database (Canadian Task Force classification II1). A university hospital. Consecutive women who underwent robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for the treatment of benign gynecologic diseases. Data on surgical approach, surgical outcomes, and costs were collected in a prospective database and retrospectively analyzed. The total operative time, console time, docking time, estimated blood loss, conversion rate, and surgical complications rate were compared between the 2 study groups. Cost analysis was performed. One hundred four patients underwent total robotic-assisted hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (45 RSSH and 59 RH). There was no significant difference in the indications for surgery and in the characteristics of the patients between the 2 study groups. There was no significant difference between the single-site and multiport approach in console time, surgical complication rate, conversion rate, and postoperative pain. The docking time was lower in the RH group (p = .0001). The estimated blood loss and length of hospitalization were lower in the RSSH group (p = .0008 and p = .009, respectively). The cost analysis showed significant differences in favor of RSSH. RSSH should be preferred to RH when hysterectomy is performed for benign disease because it could be at least as equally effective and safe with a potential cost reduction. However, because of the high cost and absence of clear advantages, the robotic approach should be considered only for selected patients. Copyright © 2016 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Paclitaxel-Coated Balloons for the Treatment of Dysfunctional Dialysis Access. Results from a Single-Center, Retrospective Analysis.

    PubMed

    Kitrou, Panagiotis M; Spiliopoulos, Stavros; Papadimatos, Panagiotis; Christeas, Nicolaos; Petsas, Theodoros; Katsanos, Konstantinos; Karnabatidis, Dimitris

    2017-01-01

    To investigate the safety and effectiveness of lutonix paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) for the treatment of dysfunctional dialysis access. This was a single-center, single-arm, retrospective analysis of 39 patients (23 male, 59 %) undergoing 61 interventions using 69 PCBs in a 20-month period. There was a balance between arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) and grafts (AVG) (20 AVFs, 19AVGs), and the majority of lesions were restenotic (25/39, 64.1 %). Mean balloon diameter used was 6.6 mm and length 73.4 mm. Primary outcome measure was target lesion primary patency (TLPP) at 6 months, while secondary outcome measures included factors affecting TLPP and major complications. As there were lesions treated more than once with PCB, authors also compared patency results after first and second PCB angioplasty. TLPP was 72.2 % at 6 months with a median patency of 260 days according to the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. No major complications occurred. TLPP between AVFs and AVGs (311 vs. 237 days, respectively; p = 0.29) and de novo and restenotic lesions was similar (270.5 vs. 267.5 days, respectively; p = 0.50). In 14 cases, in which lesions were treated with two PCB angioplasties, a statistically significant difference in TLPP after the second treatment was noted (first intervention 179.5 days vs. second intervention 273.5 days; p = 0.032). In this retrospective analysis, Lutonix PCB proved to be safe and effective in treating restenosis in dysfunctional dialysis access with results comparable to the literature available. Larger studies are needed to prove abovementioned results.

  17. Does anterior plating maintain cervical lordosis versus conventional fusion techniques? A retrospective analysis of patients receiving single-level fusions.

    PubMed

    Troyanovich, Stephan J; Stroink, Ann R; Kattner, Keith A; Dornan, Wayne A; Gubina, Irina

    2002-02-01

    A retrospective review of medical records and radiographs of patients receiving anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) without anterior plating and with anterior plating was performed. The objective of the study was to determine whether a difference exists in cervical lordotic alignment between subjects undergoing single-level ACDF with and without anterior cervical plating instrumentation for symptomatic cervical disc disease. Collapse or settling of grafted bone into the vertebral endplates with resulting kyphotic deformity of the cervical spine is a commonly described complication of anterior discectomy and fusion. Despite the increasing use of instrumentation for the treatment of cervical spine injuries and degenerative conditions, little is known regarding lordotic alignment of the cervical spine in patients who receive plating instrumentation compared with conventional fusion without plating. Accumulating evidence suggests that plating is superior to non-plating techniques in patients with multiple level cervical disc lesions in regard to fusion, return to work rates, and complication rates; however, little is known about maintenance of lordotic curve alignment in single- and multiple-level procedures. Neutral lateral cervical radiographs of 57 patients who underwent single-level ACDF between 1994 and 1999 with anterior screw plates (n = 26), and conventional single-level fusion without anterior screw plates (n = 21) were retrospectively assessed. Measurements were made on weight-bearing lateral cervical radiographs to assess overall sagittal spinal alignment and intersegmental sagittal alignment at the surgical site before surgery, immediately after surgery, 4 to 12 weeks after surgery, and 12+ months after surgery. The average magnitude of overall lordosis measured between C2 and C7 decreased 4.2 degrees in the non-plated group, while being preserved in the plated group. This finding did not reach statistical significance in the long-term follow

  18. Management of Deep Infection after Instrumentation on Lumbar Spinal Surgery in a Single Institution

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Jung-Tung; Liao, Wen-Jui; Chang, Cheng-Siu; Chen, Yung-Hsiang

    2015-01-01

    Postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs) are more common complications after spinal surgery. SSIs often require extended hospitalisation and may worsen overall clinical outcomes. A retrospective database review of consecutive patients with traditional open lumbar spinal surgery was performed. SSIs patients were identified and reviewed for clinically relevant details, and postoperative SSIs' incidence was calculated for the entire cohort as well as for subgroups with or without spinal implants. In 15 years, 1,176 patients underwent open lumbar spinal surgery with spinal implants and 699 without. Thirty-eight developed postoperative SSIs. Total SSI rate for the entire group was 2.03%. The incidence of postoperative SSIs in the nonimplant group was relatively low. Patients received antibiotics, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and wet dressing. We provided the precise rates of postoperative SSIs in traditional open spinal surgery obtained from a single-centre data. Patients with spinal implants had higher SSIs' incidence than those without. PMID:26273650

  19. Impact of aprotinin and renal function on mortality: a retrospective single center analysis.

    PubMed

    Schloss, Brian; Gulati, Parul; Yu, Lianbo; Abdel-Rasoul, Mahmoud; O'Brien, William; Von Visger, Jon; Awad, Hamdy

    2011-08-30

    An estimated up to 7% of high-risk cardiac surgery patients return to the operating room for bleeding. Aprotinin was used extensively as an antifibrinolytic agent in cardiac surgery patients for over 15 years and it showed efficacy in reducing bleeding. Aprotinin was removed from the market by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration after a large prospective, randomized clinical trial documented an increased mortality risk associated with the drug. Further debate arose when a meta-analysis of 211 randomized controlled trials showed no risk of renal failure or death associated with aprotinin. However, only patients with normal kidney function have been studied. In this study, we look at a single center clinical trial using patients with varying degrees of baseline kidney function to answer the question: Does aprotinin increase odds of death given varying levels of preoperative kidney dysfunction? Based on our model, aprotinin use was associated with a 3.8-fold increase in odds of death one year later compared to no aprotinin use with p-value = 0.0018, regardless of level of preoperative kidney dysfunction after adjusting for other perioperative variables. Lessons learned from our experience using aprotinin in the perioperative setting as an antifibrinolytic during open cardiac surgery should guide us in testing future antifibrinolytic drugs for not only efficacy of preventing bleeding, but for overall safety to the whole organism using long-term clinical outcome studies, including those with varying degree of baseline kidney function.

  20. Dental extraction without stopping single or dual antiplatelet therapy: results of a retrospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Lu, S-Y; Tsai, C-Y; Lin, L-H; Lu, S-N

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of bleeding after dental extraction without stopping antiplatelet therapy. Postoperative bleeding was assessed in a total of 1271 patients who were divided into two groups: a study group comprising 183 patients on antiplatelet therapy (aspirin 125 patients/185 occasions; clopidogrel 42 patients/65 occasions; dual therapy 16 patients/24 occasions) who underwent 548 dental extractions on 274 occasions, and a control group comprising 1088 patients who were not receiving any antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy and underwent 2487 dental extractions on 1472 occasions. The incidence of postoperative bleeding was higher in the study group (5/274, 1.8%) than in the control group (10/1472, 0.7%), and also in the dual antiplatelet subgroup (1/24, 4.2%) than in the single antiplatelet subgroups (clopidogrel: 2/65, 3.1%; aspirin: 2/185, 1.1%); however, these differences were not significant. Postoperative bleeding was managed successfully by repacking with Gelfoam impregnated with tranexamic acid powder in 12 patients and by resuturing in three of the control patients undergoing extraction of impacted teeth with flap elevation. These findings indicate that there is no need to interrupt antiplatelet drugs before dental extraction. Copyright © 2016 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. [Retrospective analysis of granted projects of the National Institute of Parasitic Disease, China CDC during 2002-2012].

    PubMed

    Zhou, Xiao-Jun; Guan, Ya-Yi; Zhang, Min-Qi; Xiong, Yan-Hong; Zheng, Bin

    2014-04-01

    In this paper, the granted projects of the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases (NIPD), China CDC, was analyzed. The results showed that from 2002 to 2012, 126 projects were granted to NIPD. 28.6% (36/126) of the projects were at the national level; 27% (34/126) were at provincial and ministrerial level. International cooperation projects and those supported by state key laboratory and enterprises accounted for 28.6% (36/126) and 15.8% (20/126), respectively. 94 projects belonged to applied researches and 32 belonged to basic researches. Most project leaders were young and middle-aged researchers with senior professional titles.

  2. Outcomes following operative vs. non-operative management of blunt traumatic pancreatic injuries: a retrospective multi-institutional study.

    PubMed

    Addison, Poppy; Iurcotta, Toni; Amodu, Leo I; Crandall, Geoffrey; Akerman, Meredith; Galvin, Daniel; Glazer, Annemarie; Christopherson, Nathan; Prince, Jose; Bank, Matthew; Sorrentino, Christopher; Cagliani, Joaquin; Nicastro, Jeffrey; Coppa, Gene; Molmenti, Ernesto P; Rilo, Horacio L Rodriguez

    2016-01-01

    Traumatic pancreatic injuries are rare, and guidelines specifying management are controversial and difficult to apply in the acute clinical setting. Due to sparse data on these injuries, we carried out a retrospective review to determine outcomes following surgical or non-surgical management of traumatic pancreatic injuries. We hypothesize a higher morbidity and mortality rate in patients treated surgically when compared to patients treated non-surgically. We performed a retrospective review of data from four trauma centers in New York from 1990-2014, comparing patients who had blunt traumatic pancreatic injuries who were managed operatively to those managed non-operatively. We compared continuous variables using the Mann-Whitney U test and categorical variables using the chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. Univariate analysis was performed to determine the possible confounding factors associated with mortality in both treatment groups. Twenty nine patients were managed operatively and 32 non-operatively. There was a significant difference between the operative and non-operative groups in median age (37.0 vs. 16.2 years, P = 0.016), grade of pancreatic injury (grade I; 30.8 vs. 85.2%, P value for all comparisons <0.0001), median injury severity score (ISS) (16.0 vs. 4.0, P = 0.002), blood transfusion (55.2 vs. 15.6%, P = 0.0012), other abdominal injuries (79.3 vs. 38.7%, P = 0.0014), pelvic fractures (17.2 vs. 0.00%, P = 0.020), intensive care unit (ICU) admission (86.2 vs. 50.0%, P = 0.003), median length of stay (LOS) (16.0 vs. 4.0 days, P <0.0001), and mortality (27.6 vs. 3.1%, P = 0.010). Patients with traumatic pancreatic injuries treated operatively were more severely injured and suffered greater complications than those treated non-operatively. The greater morbidity and mortality associated with these patients warrants further study to determine optimal triage strategies and which subset of patients is likely to benefit from

  3. Opioid prescribing patterns after Mohs micrographic surgery and standard excision: a survey of American Society for Dermatologic Surgery members and a chart review at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Harris, Kalynne; Calder, Scott; Larsen, Brooke; Duffy, Keith; Bowen, Glen; Tristani-Firouzi, Payam; Hadley, Michael; Endo, Justin

    2014-08-01

    Little is known about postoperative opioid prescribing patterns among dermatologic surgeons. To better understand postoperative opioid prescribing patterns among dermatologic surgeons in the United States. Two-part analysis consisting of a retrospective chart review of 233 dermatologic surgery patients at a single institution and an e-mail survey of American Society for Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS) members. (1) Retrospective review: 35% (82/233) of the patients received an opioid prescription. Larger defect size, repair of the defect, perioral and nasal site, and surgeon A or B performing surgery predicted opioid prescription. (2) E-mail survey: 556 ASDS members practicing within the United States responded. Sixty-four percent (357/556) reported prescribing opioids after ≤10% of cases. Surgeons younger than 55 years old, male surgeons, and surgeons in the southern and western United States were more likely to prescribe opioids after >10% of cases. Seventy-six percent (397/520) believed patients used ≤50% of the opioid pills prescribed. The retrospective review suggests that opioid prescribing is predicted by characteristics of the surgery (i.e., size, defect repair type, and anatomic location) and characteristics of the surgeon (i.e., age, sex, and practice location) with significant heterogeneity in prescribing habits. The national survey results raise the possibility that patients might not take all prescribed opioid pills after dermatologic surgery. Further investigation is warranted to determine how patients are actually using prescription pain pills to balance pain control with patient safety.

  4. Local treatment with electrochemotherapy of superficial angiosarcomas: Efficacy and safety results from a multi-institutional retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Guida, Michele; Campana, Luca G; Curatolo, Pietro; Strippoli, Sabino; Bonadies, Antonio; Grilz, Gretha; Cabula, Carlo; Rotunno, Roberta; Bucher, Stefania; Solari, Nicola; Santoriello, Antonio; Valpione, Sara; Rossi, Carlo R

    2016-08-01

    Angiosarcoma is an aggressive vascular neoplasm with a high propensity for local recurrence. Electrochemotherapy is an emerging skin-directed therapy, exerting prominent cytotoxic activity, and antivascular effects. Its efficacy in angiosarcoma has not been investigated. This multicenter retrospective analysis reviewed patients who underwent electrochemotherapy from 2007 to 2014 for superficial advanced angiosarcomas. Bleomycin was administered intravenously and delivered within tumors by means of percutaneously applied electric pulses, according to the European Standard Operating Procedures for Electrochemotherapy. Tumor assessment was performed using RECIST (version 1.1). Toxicity (CTCAE, v4.0) and local progression-free survival (LPFS) were also evaluated. Nineteen patients (13 with locally advanced and 6 with metastatic angiosarcomas) were treated. Tumor sites were: scalp (n = 5), breast (n = 8), other skin sites (n = 3), and soft tissue (n = 3). Target lesions (n = 54) ranged in size from 1.5 to 2.5 cm (median, 2 cm). Treatment was well tolerated. After 2 months, an objective response was observed in 12/19 (63%) patients, complete in 8 (42%). One-year LPFS within treatment field was 68%. Local symptom improvement included palliation of bleeding (5/19 patients) and pain relief (6/19 patients). Electrochemotherapy may represent a new locoregional treatment for selected patients with superficial angiosarcomas. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;114:246-253. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Managing real world venous leg ulcers with fetal bovine acellular dermal matrix: a single centre retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Paredes, J A; Bhagwandin, S; T, Polanco; Lantis, J C

    2017-10-01

    As compression treatment offers moderate improvement, especially to recurrent venous leg ulcers (VLUs), several alternative therapies using cellular based and/or tissue-derived products (CTPs) have emerged from bovine, porcine, and equine sources. Our aim was to look at the effect of a CTP in 'real-life' VLUs. This study looked at complex patients with chronic, large wounds in a single-centre retrospective review. All patients were treated with fetal bovine acellular dermal matrix (FBADM) for VLUs at our outpatient urban wound care programme. A total of 40 wounds in 33 patients were analysed. At week four, 6% of wounds were closed; at week eight, 9% were closed; at week 12, 25% were closed; and at week 16, 38% of wounds were closed. The median time to wound closure was 67 days (range: 23-100 days) and the median percent wound closure through re-epithelialisation was 11% per week (range: 7-30% per week). At 4 weeks the median area reduction of all wounds was 23.5%, with 40% of VLUs having a ≥40% area reduction at the same point in time. There are limitations to any retrospective review; however; patients deemed to have a limited chance of closure at 4 months did better than expected, either healing or having a wound area reduction at 16 weeks, making their wound care much easier. Prospective studies should be conducted to optimise the treatment algorithm to determine if better clinical outcomes can be obtained for the 'real-life' VLU population.

  6. Utilisation of Blood Components in Cardiac Surgery: A Single-Centre Retrospective Analysis with Regard to Diagnosis-Related Procedures

    PubMed Central

    Geissler, Raoul Georg; Rotering, Heinrich; Buddendick, Hubert; Franz, Dominik; Bunzemeier, Holger; Roeder, Norbert; Kwiecien, Robert; Sibrowski, Walter; Scheld, Hans H.; Martens, Sven; Schlenke, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Background More blood components are required in cardiac surgery than in most other medical disciplines. The overall blood demand may increase as a function of the total number of cardiothoracic and vascular surgical interventions and their level of complexity, and also when considering the demographic ageing. Awareness has grown with respect to adverse events, such as transfusion-related immunomodulation by allogeneic blood supply, which can contribute to morbidity and mortality. Therefore, programmes of patient blood management (PBM) have been implemented to avoid unnecessary blood transfusions and to standardise the indication of blood transfusions more strictly with aim to improve patients' overall outcomes. Methods A comprehensive retrospective analysis of the utilisation of blood components in the Department of Cardiac Surgery at the University Hospital of Münster (UKM) was performed over a 4-year period. Based on a medical reporting system of all medical disciplines, which was established as part of a PBM initiative, all transfused patients in cardiac surgery and their blood components were identified in a diagnosis- and medical procedure-related system, which allows the precise allocation of blood consumption to interventional procedures in cardiac surgery, such as coronary or valve surgery. Results This retrospective single centre study included all in-patients in cardiac surgery at the UKM from 2009 to 2012, corresponding to a total of 1,405-1,644 cases per year. A blood supply was provided for 55.6-61.9% of the cardiac surgery patients, whereas approximately 9% of all in-patients at the UKM required blood transfusions. Most of the blood units were applied during cardiac valve surgery and during coronary surgery. Further surgical activities with considerable use of blood components included thoracic surgery, aortic surgery, heart transplantations and the use of artificial hearts. Under the measures of PBM in 2012 a noticeable decrease in the number of

  7. Utilisation of blood components in cardiac surgery: a single-centre retrospective analysis with regard to diagnosis-related procedures.

    PubMed

    Geissler, Raoul Georg; Rotering, Heinrich; Buddendick, Hubert; Franz, Dominik; Bunzemeier, Holger; Roeder, Norbert; Kwiecien, Robert; Sibrowski, Walter; Scheld, Hans H; Martens, Sven; Schlenke, Peter

    2015-03-01

    More blood components are required in cardiac surgery than in most other medical disciplines. The overall blood demand may increase as a function of the total number of cardiothoracic and vascular surgical interventions and their level of complexity, and also when considering the demographic ageing. Awareness has grown with respect to adverse events, such as transfusion-related immunomodulation by allogeneic blood supply, which can contribute to morbidity and mortality. Therefore, programmes of patient blood management (PBM) have been implemented to avoid unnecessary blood transfusions and to standardise the indication of blood transfusions more strictly with aim to improve patients' overall outcomes. A comprehensive retrospective analysis of the utilisation of blood components in the Department of Cardiac Surgery at the University Hospital of Münster (UKM) was performed over a 4-year period. Based on a medical reporting system of all medical disciplines, which was established as part of a PBM initiative, all transfused patients in cardiac surgery and their blood components were identified in a diagnosis- and medical procedure-related system, which allows the precise allocation of blood consumption to interventional procedures in cardiac surgery, such as coronary or valve surgery. This retrospective single centre study included all in-patients in cardiac surgery at the UKM from 2009 to 2012, corresponding to a total of 1,405-1,644 cases per year. A blood supply was provided for 55.6-61.9% of the cardiac surgery patients, whereas approximately 9% of all in-patients at the UKM required blood transfusions. Most of the blood units were applied during cardiac valve surgery and during coronary surgery. Further surgical activities with considerable use of blood components included thoracic surgery, aortic surgery, heart transplantations and the use of artificial hearts. Under the measures of PBM in 2012 a noticeable decrease in the number of transfused cases was observed

  8. Postrelapse Prognostic Factors in Nonmetastatic Osteosarcoma: A Single-institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Berlanga, Pablo; Cañete, Adela; Salom, Marta; Montalar, Joaquin; Guasp, Maria; Marco, Alfredo; Castel, Victoria

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the prognostic factors that influence postrelapse survival (PRS) in children and adolescents with initial localized high-grade osteosarcoma. This is a retrospective evaluation of patients aged 21 years and below with nonmetastatic high-grade osteosarcoma treated at our institution from 1985 to 2011 who developed recurrent disease after achievement of an initial complete response (CR). PRS and postrelapse event-free survival (PREFS) analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to determine which variables were independently prognostic. Thirty-one patients were included. Median age at primary diagnosis was 13.7 years (range, 1.9 to 21.0 y). Median time to first relapse was 16 months (range, 3 to 36 mo). Fourteen patients achieved a second CR (CR2) after surgery±chemotherapy treatment. The 5-year PRS and PREFS were both 26% (95% confidence interval, 14%-49%), with a median follow-up of 99 months (range, 27 to 271 mo). Multivariate analysis showed that achievement of CR2 (P<0.001) and histologic response to first-line treatment (P=0.02) were significantly associated with PRS, whereas time to first relapse did not retain univariate significance. Achievement of CR2 and histologic response to preoperative first-line treatment are independent survival prognostic factors in osteosarcoma recurrence.

  9. Distribution and Characteristics of Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Tumors: Single Institution Experience in Lebanon.

    PubMed

    Kesrouani, Carole; Ghorra, Claude; Rassy, Marc; Kourie, Hampig Raphael; Kattan, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors represent 20% of primary lung neoplasms in some registries. According to the WHO classification of 2004, reconsidered for 2015, these lung tumors are divided into 4 groups: typical and atypical carcinoid, small cell and large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas. We report in this paper, for the first time in Lebanon, the distribution and the population characteristics of these tumors. This descriptive retrospective study concerned all the pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (NET) with their characteristics diagnosed in Hotel Dieu de France in Beirut, Lebanon from 2001 to 2012, with attention to features like age, gender and subgroup. Of 194 patients with pulmonary NET, 12.4% were typical carcinoid tumors, 3.6% atypical carcinoid, 66.5% small cell lung cancer, 7.7% combined small cell carcinomas and 9.8% large cell neuroendocrine tumors. The mean ages of patients were respectively 51.2 years in typical carcinoid, 64 years in atypical carcinoid, 64.2 years in small cell lung cancers, 67.2 in combined small cell lung cancer and 66.9 in large cells neuroendocrine tumors. The M/F sex ratios were respectively 0.3, 1.3, 1.4, 2.7 and 2.2. The characteristics of lung neuroendocrine tumors in our Lebanese institution are comparable to those reported in the literature.

  10. Ewing's sarcoma: prognosis and survival in Mexican children from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Cárdenas-Cardós, R; Rivera-Luna, R; López-Facundo, N A; Leal-Leal, C; Gómez-Martínez, R; Castellanos-Toledo, A

    1999-01-01

    A retrospective analysis of 55 patients with Ewing's sarcoma from an institution in Mexico was done between 1980 and 1993. The ages ranged between 2 and 16 years (mean 9.78); 39 were male and 16 female. The most frequent primary sites were in the humerus in 13 of 55 patients (23.6%), followed by the pelvis in 10 out of 55 (18%). Sixty percent of the patients had metastasic disease at diagnosis; the lungs and bones were the most frequently affected sites. Patients with localized disease (n = 22) had a disease-free survival (DFS) of 44%, compared with 20% of those with pulmonary metastasic disease (n = 7) and 8% of patients with metastasic disease to the lungs and elsewhere (n = 26) (p = .00061). Patients in regimen 3 had a DFS of 47% at 36 months of follow-up compared to 20 and 25% for patients in regimens 1 and 2, respectively (p = .01). In those with trunk presentation the DFS was of 25% and in those with presentation in the extremities DFS was 50% (p = .01). Patients with pulmonary metastasic disease at diagnosis have a DFS of 20% in comparison to those without (44%) (p = .00061).

  11. Angioplasty or Stenting in Adult Coarctation of the Aorta? A Retrospective Single Center Analysis Over a Decade

    SciTech Connect

    Macdonald, Sumaira Thomas, Steven M.; Cleveland, Trevor J.; Gaines, Peter A.

    2003-08-15

    For over 11 years, endovascular treatment by angioplasty (PTA) alone or stenting of adult coarctation at a single center was evaluated. We retrospectively reviewed 28 consecutive patients (31 interventions), median age 25 years, treated between 1991 and 2002, 20 of whom had native coarctation. Thirteen patients had PTA alone (16 procedures) (10 'kissing balloon' angioplasty comprising 12 interventions, and 3 single balloon angioplasty comprising 4 interventions) and 15 patients were stented(15 procedures), including 6 secondary and 9 primary stents. There were no procedural or 30-day complications. For the whole group, the median follow-up was 6.6 years (range 1-10 years). In the PTA group, median follow-up was 9 years (range 3-10) and in the stenting group it was 3 years (range 1-5). There were 9 restenoses in the PTA group (6 after 'kissing balloons' and 3 after single balloon) comprising 56% of the angioplasties (9/16 procedures). There was 1 restenosis in the stenting group diagnosed at computed tomography (CT). The patient was clinically well. For the whole group there were significant reductions in systolic blood pressure (BP) (p 0.0003), diastolic BP (p = 0.004) and number of drugs per patient (p = 0.045) at latest follow-up post-treatment. Five patients discontinued therapy.Analysis of the groups revealed that the reduction of systolic and diastolic BP and number of drugs did not reach statistical significance in the PTA group but were significant in the stent group. The endovascular management of adult coarctation is safe. Stents may be more effective than PTA alone but longer-term follow-up of stents is required.

  12. Posterior implant single-tooth replacement and status of adjacent teeth during a 10-year period: a retrospective report.

    PubMed

    Misch, Carl E; Misch-Dietsh, Francine; Silc, Jennifer; Barboza, Eliane; Cianciola, Louis J; Kazor, Christopher

    2008-12-01

    The purpose of this case series study was to evaluate posterior single-tooth implant survival and the long-term conditions of the adjacent teeth. A retrospective evaluation of 1,162 consecutive patients with a single missing posterior tooth treated with 1,377 external hex implants supporting 1,365 restorations surrounded by natural teeth over a 1- to 10-year period was reviewed from four private offices. Implant survival data were collected relative to stage I to stage II healing, stage II to prosthesis delivery, and prosthesis delivery to up to 10 years of follow-up. Long-term adjacent tooth conditions were assessed, including decay, endodontic therapy (root canal therapy [RCT]), and/or extraction during the follow-up period. Of the 1,377 implants inserted, there were 11 surgical failures from stage I to stage II healing. There was one failure from stage II healing to prosthesis delivery. There were two prosthetic-phase failures. The surgical success rate was 99.2%, whereas the overall survival rate was 98.9% at an average of 61 months of follow-up (range, 12 to 125 months). A total of 2,589 adjacent teeth were followed during the study. No natural adjacent tooth was lost during this period. Interproximal decay developed in 129 adjacent teeth (5%), and nine adjacent teeth required RCT (0.4%) as a result of decay or restoration. The use of single-tooth implants as replacements for posterior missing teeth is a viable long-term treatment. Adjacent natural teeth complications are minimal for as long as 10 years after implant insertion.

  13. The Hasford Score May Predict Molecular Response in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients: A Single Institution Experience

    PubMed Central

    Jaźwiec, Bożena; Haus, Olga; Urbaniak-Kujda, Donata; Kapelko-Słowik, Katarzyna; Wróbel, Tomasz; Lonc, Tomasz; Sawicki, Mateusz; Mędraś, Ewa; Kaczmar-Dybko, Agnieszka; Kuliczkowski, Kazimierz

    2016-01-01

    The Sokal, Hasford, and EUTOS scores were established in different treatment eras of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). None of them was reported to predict molecular response. In this single center study we tried to reevaluate the usefulness of three main scores in TKI era. The study group included 88 CML patients in first chronic phase treated initially with standard imatinib dose. All of them achieved major molecular response (MMR) in time points defined by European LeukemiaNet (ELN). 42 patients lost MMR in a median time of 47 months and we found a significant difference in MMR maintenance between intermediate-risk (IR) and low-risk (LR) patients assessed by Hasford score. All 42 patients were switched to second-generation TKI (2G-TKI) treatment. At 18 months of 2G-TKI therapy we have still found a significant difference in BCR-ABL transcript levels and MMR rate between IR and LR groups. We did not find any of the described differences discriminating patients by Sokal or EUTOS score. In this retrospective single center analysis we found Hasford score to be useful in predicting molecular response in first chronic phase of CML patients. PMID:27818567

  14. Primary Carcinoma of the Fallopian Tube: A Review of a Single Institution Experience of 8 Cases

    PubMed Central

    Nanaiah, Shakuntala P.; Rathod, Praveen S.; Rajkumar, Namrata N.; Kundargi, Rajshekar; Subbian, Anbukkani; Ramachandra, Pallavi V.; Krishnappa, Shobha; Narayan, Abhilasha; Devi, Uma K.; Uttamchand, Bafna D.

    2014-01-01

    Aims and Objectives. To evaluate the clinicopathologic features, response to cytoreductive surgery and adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy with or without paclitaxel. Materials and Methods. A retrospective observational study of 8 women with a histopathologic diagnosis of primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC) from January 2000 to February 2013. Results. 4/8 (50%) of the women were in the early stage and an intraoperative frozen section was 100% effective in identifying fallopian tube carcinoma and then a staging laparotomy was performed. All 4/8 cases in the early stage had received and responded to single agent carboplatin and all are alive without clinical, radiological, or biochemical evidence of recurrence at the end of 2 years and the longest survivor has completed 13 years. Primary optimal cytoreductive surgery was achievable in 3/4 (75%) in advanced disease. All showed response to adjuvant paclitaxel and carboplatin (T+C), but all had succumbed to the disease following recurrence with mean progression-free survival of 19 months (range 15–21 months) and mean overall survival of 27 months (range 22–36 months). Conclusion. The pivotal role played by a frozen section in diagnosing PFTC which is rare needs to be reemphasized, therefore justifying a primary staging laparotomy in an early stage. Prolonged survival observed in this group following an optimum tailored adjuvant single agent carboplatin is worth noting. PMID:24696653

  15. Clinical and critical care concerns of cranio-facial trauma: A retrospective study in a tertiary care institute

    PubMed Central

    Bajwa, Sukhminder Jit Singh; Kaur, Jasbir; Singh, Amarjit; Kapoor, Vinod; Bindra, Gavinder Singh; Ghai, Gagandeep Singh

    2012-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Maxillofacial trauma is commonly associated with other injuries, predominantly head injuries. The predictors of outcome in such concomitant injuries have been studied the least. The present study aims at the evaluation of types of injury, management and outcome of patients sustaining maxillofacial trauma and concomitant cranial injuries. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out in the department of anesthesiology and intensive care. A case series of 129 patients was evaluated who were admitted in ICU (Intensive Care Unit) with maxillofacial trauma and head injuries. The data was then compiled systematically and analyzed using SPSS windows and value of P < 0.05 was considered significant and P < 0.001 as highly significant. Results: Among the 129 patients, majority of them had roadside accidents (RSA > 90%) and male gender predominance with male to female ratio of 5: 1. Fracture maxilla and nasal bones were the most commonly encountered injuries (51.93%) followed by mandibular fractures (39.53%) and fracture of zygomatic bones (28.68%). Eighty five patients (65.90%) required mechanical ventilation, tracheostomy was needed in 29 (22.48%) patients and 81 (62.8%) patients were operated for head injuries as well. Majority of the victims were aged between 15 and 40 years. Conclusions: Maxillofacial trauma and cranial injuries are common among young males and so is the nature of injuries, that is, RSA. Besides facial injuries, head injuries are important determinant of outcome in such patients. Timely resuscitation and surgical interventions at specialized centers are of prime importance as far as a better prognosis is concerned in such injuries. PMID:23833486

  16. [Pathology of South American Camelids: a retrospective study of necropsies at the Institute of Veterinary Pathology, University of Leipzig, Germany].

    PubMed

    Theuß, T; Goerigk, D; Rasenberger, S; Starke, A; Schoon, H-A

    2014-01-01

    The number of South American Camelids (New World Camelids) housed in Germany has increased in the recent years. While these species were formerly kept solely in zoological gardens, ever more private and commercial livestock is being established. Compared to indigenous livestock animals, they bear some distinctive differences, particularly in terms of digestive tract anatomy and physiology. Therefore, it is of considerable interest for veterinarians working with South American Camelids to obtain knowledge about the distinguishing features of these animals and the typical diseases affecting them in Germany. For this purpose, the necropsy reports, including the anamnestic data, and their diagnostic usefulness, from 1995 to 2012 were studied retrospectively. Du- ring this period, a total of 233 New World Camelids were examined (195 alpacas and 38 llamas). Anamnestic data of diagnostic usefulness regarding the cause of disease were only submitted in a limited number of cases, because most of the animals died without specific symptoms. The following were the most frequent pathological findings: enteritis (n = 91), gastritis (n = 76), cachexia (n = 73), pneumonia (n = 30), stomatitis (n = 27), azotaemia (n = 22) and anaemia (n = 9). An endoparasitosis occurred in 107 cases and was considered the predominant cause of enteritis. As with indigenous ruminants, llamas and alpacas primarily suffered from diseases of the digestive and respiratory tracts. Other organ systems were affected to a lesser extent. Even in cases with severe alterations in the affected organs, South American Camelids do not show or show too late diagnostically indicative clinical symptoms. Therefore, a detailed clinical examination of these animals is important.

  17. Central nervous system involvement by multiple myeloma: A multi-institutional retrospective study of 172 patients in daily clinical practice.

    PubMed

    Jurczyszyn, Artur; Grzasko, Norbert; Gozzetti, Alessandro; Czepiel, Jacek; Cerase, Alfonso; Hungria, Vania; Crusoe, Edvan; Silva Dias, Ana Luiza Miranda; Vij, Ravi; Fiala, Mark A; Caers, Jo; Rasche, Leo; Nooka, Ajay K; Lonial, Sagar; Vesole, David H; Philip, Sandhya; Gangatharan, Shane; Druzd-Sitek, Agnieszka; Walewski, Jan; Corso, Alessandro; Cocito, Federica; Vekemans, Marie-Christine M; Atilla, Erden; Beksac, Meral; Leleu, Xavier; Davila, Julio; Badros, Ashraf; Aneja, Ekta; Abildgaard, Niels; Kastritis, Efstathios; Fantl, Dorotea; Schutz, Natalia; Pika, Tomas; Butrym, Aleksandra; Olszewska-Szopa, Magdalena; Usnarska-Zubkiewicz, Lidia; Usmani, Saad Z; Nahi, Hareth; Chim, Chor S; Shustik, Chaim; Madry, Krzysztof; Lentzsch, Suzanne; Swiderska, Alina; Helbig, Grzegorz; Guzicka-Kazimierczak, Renata; Lendvai, Nikoletta; Waage, Anders; Andersen, Kristian T; Murakami, Hirokazu; Zweegman, Sonja; Castillo, Jorge J

    2016-06-01

    The multicenter retrospective study conducted in 38 centers from 20 countries including 172 adult patients with CNS MM aimed to describe the clinical and pathological characteristics and outcomes of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) involving the central nervous system (CNS). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors for survival. The median time from MM diagnosis to CNS MM diagnosis was 3 years. Thirty-eight patients (22%) were diagnosed with CNS involvement at the time of initial MM diagnosis and 134 (78%) at relapse/progression. Upon diagnosis of CNS MM, 97% patients received initial therapy for CNS disease, of which 76% received systemic therapy, 36% radiotherapy and 32% intrathecal therapy. After a median follow-up of 3.5 years, the median overall survival (OS) from the onset of CNS involvement for the entire group was 7 months. Untreated and treated patients had median OS of 2 and 8 months, respectively (P < 0.001). At least one previous line of therapy for MM before the diagnosis of CNS disease and >1 cytogenetic abnormality detected by FISH were independently associated with worse OS. The median OS for patients with 0, 1 and 2 of these risk factors were 25 months, 5.5 months and 2 months, respectively (P < 0.001). Neurological manifestations, not considered chemotherapy-related, observed at any time after initial diagnosis of MM should raise a suspicion of CNS involvement. Although prognosis is generally poor, the survival of previously untreated patients and patients with favorable cytogenetic profile might be prolonged due to systemic treatment and/or radiotherapy. Am. J. Hematol. 91:575-580, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Correlation between vitiligo occurrence and clinical benefit in advanced melanoma patients treated with nivolumab: A multi-institutional retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Yasuhiro; Tanaka, Ryota; Asami, Yuri; Teramoto, Yukiko; Imamura, Taichi; Sato, Sayuri; Maruyama, Hiroshi; Fujisawa, Yasuhiro; Matsuya, Taisuke; Fujimoto, Manabu; Yamamoto, Akifumi

    2016-08-11

    Vitiligo is occasionally seen in melanoma patients. Although several studies indicate a correlation between vitiligo occurrence and clinical response in melanoma patients receiving immunotherapy, most studies have included heterogeneous patient and treatment settings. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the occurrence of vitiligo and clinical benefit of nivolumab treatment in advanced melanoma patients. We retrospectively reviewed unresectable stage III or IV melanoma patients treated with nivolumab. Of 35 melanoma patients treated with nivolumab, 25.7% (9/35) developed vitiligo during treatment. The time from the start of nivolumab treatment to occurrence of vitiligo ranged 2-9 months (mean, 5.2). Of nine patients who developed vitiligo, two (22.2%) had a complete response to nivolumab and two (22.2%) had a partial response. The objective response rate was significantly higher in patients with vitiligo than in patients without vitiligo (4/9 [44.4%] vs 2/26 [7.7%]; P = 0.027). The mean time to vitiligo occurrence in patients achieving an objective response was significantly less than that in patients who showed no response (3.1 vs 6.8 months, P = 0.004). Vitiligo occurrence was significantly associated with prolonged progression-free and overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.24 and 0.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.11-0.55 and 0.03-0.79; P = 0.005, and 0.047, respectively). At the 20-week landmark analysis, however, vitiligo was not associated with a statistically significant overall survival benefit (P = 0.28). The occurrence of vitiligo during nivolumab treatment may be correlated with favorable clinical outcome.

  19. Quality Control Review of the Dixon Hughes Goodman LLP FY 2014 Single Audit of Logistics Management Institute

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-29

    Management Institute I N T E G R I T Y  E F F I C I E N C Y  A C C O U N T A B I L I T Y  E X C E L L E N C E Mission Our mission is to provide...Control Review of the Dixon Hughes Goodman LLP FY 2014 Single Audit of Logistics Management Institute Visit us at www.dodig.mil Objective We conducted a...quality control review of the Dixon Hughes Goodman LLP (DHG) FY 2014 single audit of Logistics Management Institute (LMI) to determine whether

  20. Single Fraction Versus Fractionated Linac-Based Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Vestibular Schwannoma: A Single-Institution Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Collen, Christine; Ampe, Ben; Gevaert, Thierry; Moens, Maarten; Linthout, Nadine; De Ridder, Mark; Verellen, Dirk; D'Haens, Jean; Storme, Guy

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: To evaluate and compare outcomes for patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) treated in a single institution with linac-based stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or by fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). Methods and Materials: One hundred and nineteen patients (SRS = 78, SRT = 41) were treated. For both SRS and SRT, beam shaping is performed by a mini-multileaf collimator. For SRS, a median single dose of 12.5 Gy (range, 11-14 Gy), prescribed to the 80% isodose line encompassing the target, was applied. Of the 42 SRT treatments, 32 treatments consisted of 10 fractions of 3-4 Gy, and 10 patients received 25 sessions of 2 Gy, prescribed to the 100% with the 95% isodose line encompassing the planning target volume. Mean largest tumor diameter was 16.6 mm in the SRS and 24.6 mm in the SRT group. Local tumor control, cranial nerve toxicity, and preservation of useful hearing were recorded. Any new treatment-induced cranial nerve neuropathy was scored as a complication. Results: Median follow-up was 62 months (range, 6-136 months), 5 patients progressed, resulting in an overall 5-year local tumor control of 95%. The overall 5-year facial nerve preservation probability was 88% and facial nerve neuropathy was statistically significantly higher after SRS, after prior surgery, for larger tumors, and in Koos Grade {>=}3. The overall 5-year trigeminal nerve preservation probability was 96%, not significantly influenced by any of the risk factors. The overall 4-year probability of preservation of useful hearing (Gardner-Robertson score 1 or 2) was 68%, not significantly different between SRS or SRT (59% vs. 82%, p = 0.089, log rank). Conclusion: Linac-based RT results in good local control and acceptable clinical outcome in small to medium-sized vestibular schwannomas (VSs). Radiosurgery for large VSs (Koos Grade {>=}3) remains a challenge because of increased facial nerve neuropathy.

  1. Immature teratoma of ovary--outcome following primary and secondary surgery: study of a single institution cohort.

    PubMed

    Reddihalli, Pallavi V; Subbian, Anbukkani; Umadevi, K; Rathod, Praveen S; Krishnappa, Shobha; Nanaiah, Shakuntala P; Bafna, Uttam D

    2015-09-01

    To analyse the clinical presentation, treatment - primary and secondary debulking and outcomes with focus on recurrences in ovarian immature teratoma. This is a single institution, retrospective analysis of 24 women who presented to a gynecologic oncology unit from 1999 to 2011 with ovarian immature teratoma. Patient's clinical presentation, operative and chemotherapy details were included in a database. Follow up details regarding recurrence and management and future outcomes were also noted. Overall survival was calculated from the date of registration to last follow up or date of death. Survival curve was constructed by Kaplan-Meier method. Immature teratoma accounted for 11% of 218 malignant germ cell tumors. Of the 24 patients, pain was the predominant symptom and abdominal mass was the commonest clinical presentation. Sixteen out of 24 patients presented in Stage I and grade 3 tumors were found in 43% of patients. Six patients had only unilateral salpingo oophorectomy and no staging procedure. Twelve patients underwent staging, with omentectomy being the commonest procedure. All but one, had cisplatin based combination chemotherapy. Six patients underwent secondary debulking of recurrence. Most recurrences were recorded in Stage III, higher grade tumors. With secondary cytoreduction and platinum based chemotherapy, it was possible to salvage most recurrences as well. Overall survival after a mean follow-up of 39 months was 91.6%. Majority of the patients did well with conservative surgery in terms of survival, menstrual and reproductive function. Platinum based chemotherapy was indicated in higher grade and higher stage tumors as recurrences commonly occurred in this subgroup of patients. Recurrences could be salvaged with selected secondary cytoreduction and platinum based chemotherapy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Radiotherapy in late elderly (aged 75 or older) patients with paranasal sinus carcinoma: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Doi, Hiroshi; Kitajima, Kazuhiro; Tanooka, Masao; Terada, Tomonori; Noguchi, Kazuma; Takada, Yasuhiro; Fujiwara, Masayuki; Ishikura, Reiichi; Kamikonya, Norihiko; Hirota, Shozo

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of our study was to assess the feasibility of radiotherapy (RT) for locally advanced paranasal sinus carcinomas in late elderly patients (aged ≥75 years) from a single institution in Japan. From 2000 to 2015, we retrospectively analyzed 14 patients (11 maxillary and 3 ethmoid sinus carcinoma patients) who underwent RT for pathologically confirmed paranasal sinus carcinomas. RT was performed without unexpected cessations. Two patients, however, developed Grade 3 mucositis. The median follow-up duration was 13 months (range 2-54 months). The 1- and 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 81.8 and 54.5 %, respectively. The local response rate after the initial treatment was 85.7 %. The 1- and 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 46.2 and 24.8 %, respectively. Univariate analysis of different clinicopathological parameters was conducted to identify associations with OS and PFS. We demonstrated that intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) of >60 Gy with concomitant intra-arterial (cisplatin-based) infusion chemoradiotherapy led to improved OS and PFS rates, although no statistical significance was observed. Moreover, none of the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients who received 33 fractions of 66 Gy in IMRT died during the median follow-up period of 13 months (range 12-25 months). In conclusion, RT with concomitant intra-arterial (cisplatin-based) infusion chemoradiotherapy can be considered an effective, well-tolerated, and feasible treatment option for late elderly patients with paranasal sinus carcinomas. In addition, >60 Gy of RT in IMRT led to improved survival outcomes in elderly paranasal sinus carcinoma patients.

  3. Risk Factors for Hemorrhagic Transformation After Intravenous Thrombolysis in Acute Cerebral Infarction: A Retrospective Single-Center Study.

    PubMed

    Xu, Xiahong; Li, Changsong; Wan, Ting; Gu, Xiaobo; Zhu, Wenxia; Hao, Junjie; Bao, Huan; Zuo, Lian; Hu, Hui; Li, Gang

    2017-05-01

    To investigate the risk factors for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after intravenous thrombolysis using a recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) in acute cerebral infarction. Patients with acute cerebral infarction receiving r-tPA thrombolysis in Shanghai Eastern Hospital were retrospectively studied. Based on the cranial computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging examination, after the intravenous thrombolysis, the patients were divided into 2 groups: an HT group and a non-HT group. The information was collected before or after thrombolysis. A total of 162 patients were included in the analysis. The age ranged from 25 to 86 years, with an average age of 65.6 ± 10.6 years. The average time from disease onset to thrombolysis was 188 ± 53.1 minutes. Cranial computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging showed that 20 patients (12.3%) had HT after thrombolysis. Using univariate analysis, history of atrial fibrillation, positive expression of urinary protein, and high National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score before thrombolysis, we found that there was a significant difference between the HT and non-HT group (P < 0.05) in the level of mean systolic pressure (MSP) 24 hours after thrombolysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that age ≥80 years, MSP ≥140 mm Hg, NIHSS score, and fibrinogen concentration before thrombolysis were risk factors for HT after thrombolysis in patients with acute cerebral infarction. Age, MSP, NIHSS score, and fibrinogen concentration before thrombolysis are risk factors for HT after thrombolysis in acute cerebral infarction. These 4 factors should be carefully taken into account before thrombolysis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy are associated with higher amounts of intra- and postoperative fluid therapy: A single center retrospective cohort study.

    PubMed

    Kulemann, Birte; Fritz, Marianne; Glatz, Torben; Marjanovic, Goran; Sick, Olivia; Hopt, Ulrich T; Hoeppner, Jens; Makowiec, Frank

    2017-04-01

    Perioperative mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy has decreased significantly in high-volume centers, but morbidity remains high. Restrictive perioperative fluid management may contribute to reduced complication rates after various surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a correlation between the amount of fluid administered and postoperative complications. We hypothesized that higher amounts of intra- and total fluid is associated with greater postoperative morbidity. We retrospectively examined data of 553 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at University of Freiburg Medical Center between 2001 and 2013. Data on intra - and postoperative fluid administration (until postoperative day 5) were obtained from anesthesiological and surgical records. Data on complications were retrieved from our institutional pancreatic database. The median values for intra- and total fluid administered were 6000 ml (range 400-15,000 ml) and 13,600 ml (range 5000-57,700 ml), respectively. The overall in-hospital mortality was 1.9% (no correlation with fluid administration). Patients who received more than 6000 ml intraoperative fluid had more wound infections (P = 0.049), intra-abdominal abscesses (P = 0.020) and postoperative interventions (P = 0.007). In patients who received more than 14000 ml fluid until postoperative day 5 all evaluated types of postoperative complications (infectious, fistula, delayed gastric emptying, bleeding) and re-interventions occurred significantly more frequently than in patients who received less than 14,000 ml (P < 0.05-0.001). Higher amounts of fluids may contribute to postoperative complications. More studies are needed to adequately assess the use of intra/postop fluid therapy.

  5. A retrospective review of required projects in systems-based practice in a single anesthesiology residency: a 10-year experience.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Tetsuro; Emerick, Trent D; Patel, Rita M

    2015-09-01

    The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has emphasized in its core competencies and more recently, in its Milestones Project, that residents understand the importance of systems-based practice (SBP). The objectives of the study are to evaluate the quality of residents' SBP projects and to determine the degrees that were subsequently implemented. A retrospective educational observational study. A university-based anesthesiology training institution. One hundred forty-nine anesthesiology residents in their final (postgraduate year 4) year of training who completed SBP projects for the last 10 years (2004-2013). A structured SBP course was provided for postgraduate year 4 anesthesiology residents with deadlines set such as project identification, data collection, and proposal draft. Each resident's written SBP proposal received inputs by 2 members of the department executive steering committee. The SBP projects concluded with oral presentations by each resident to the department executive steering committee, who provided overall scores. All SBP projects were categorized into 7 categories: safety initiatives, economic analysis, process analysis, policy change recommendations, education initiatives, teamwork/communication, and operating room efficiency. Evaluation scores using a Likert scale (1-9, where 9 is the best) were analyzed. The rate of implementation of project ideas within the department based on the presentations to the executive committee was examined. Of 149 projects, policy change recommendations was the most frequently chosen category (46 projects; 30.9%), followed by process analysis (36 projects; 24.2%). The overall evaluation score was 7.6 ± 0.6 (mean ± SD). A total of 53 projects (35.6%) were implemented in the department. There was no statistical difference between SBPs with implementation vs SBPs without implementation in terms of evaluation scores, year of the presentation, or categories. This SBP project has given residents the

  6. Prognostic indicators following curative pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic carcinoma: A retrospective multivariate analysis of a single centre experience.

    PubMed

    Petrou, Athanasios; Soonawalla, Zahir; Silva, Michael-Antony; Manzelli, Antonio; Moris, Demetrios; Tabet, Patric-Paul; Friend, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Survival after curative resection of pancreatic, ampullary and lower common bile duct cancer remains very poor. The aim of this study was to assess important prognostic factors in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer. From 2006 to 2010, 156 patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for malignancies of pancreatic, ampullary or lower common bile duct in our institution. Based on the inclusion criteria 101 patients were selected in our retrospective statistical analysis. Of these 101 cases of malignancies, 65.4% were located in the pancreatic head, 18.8% in the ampulla and 15.8% in the lower bile duct. 48.5% of patients underwent classical PD, and 51.5% pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD). Clinical and pathological data were collected, Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis revealed that blood transfusion, vascular invasion, T4 vs T1 stage, and R0 resection margins were significant negative predictors of survival. Conversely, ampullary (vs pancreatic ductal) and adjuvant chemotherapy were significantly associated with longer survival. Lymph node ratio (LNR), in all its forms, was not found to have a significant effect on survival. For all patients, tumor grading (p=0.042), resection margins (p=0.004), T stage (p=0.001), perineural invasion (p=0.029), vascular invasion (p=0.007) and age >65 years (p=0.009) were factors that impacted survival. Surgical resection margins, tumor grade, T stage, perineural invasion, vascular invasion, age >65 and adjuvant chemotherapy are the strongest predictors of survival after surgical resection of pancreatic, ampullary and lower common bile duct cancer. In this series, lymph node ratio did not impact survival.

  7. Lessons to be learnt in managing the breech presentation at term: an 11-year single-centre retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Borbolla Foster, Ailsa; Bagust, Annalise; Bisits, Andrew; Holland, Matthew; Welsh, Alec

    2014-08-01

    The 2000 publication of the Term Breech Trial significantly impacted obstetric practice in Australia with a rapid increase in delivery of term breech singletons by caesarean section. More reassuring data from European centres who continued to offer vaginal breech deliveries to carefully selected women have led to a softening of international guidelines which now support an individualised approach to management. The application of this principle to an Australian population, particularly in the wake of such a major change in obstetric practice, has not previously been demonstrated. To compare short-term neonatal and maternal morbidity for infants with a singleton breech presentation born after 37 weeks, according to planned mode of delivery. Eleven-year single-centre retrospective study with intention-to-treat analysis based on intended mode of delivery. Two hundred and forty-three of 766 (31.7%) eligible women elected for planned vaginal breech delivery. The overall success rate in this group was 58%. Morbidity rates were low and compare favourably with similar international studies. However, there was a nonsignificant trend towards higher rates of short-term serious neonatal and maternal morbidity in the planned vaginal delivery group (1.6 vs 0.4%, P = 0.08 and 8.2 vs 4.8%, P = 0.06, respectively). Attempted vaginal delivery for breech presentation remains an option in carefully selected women under strict obstetric protocols. © 2014 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

  8. A Review of the Multidisciplinary Diagnosis of Interstitial Lung Diseases: A Retrospective Analysis in a Single UK Specialist Centre

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhuri, Nazia; Spencer, Lisa; Greaves, Melanie; Bishop, Paul; Chaturvedi, Anshuman; Leonard, Colm

    2016-01-01

    The accurate diagnosis and management of individuals with interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) poses an interesting challenge in clinical practice. A multidisciplinary team (MDT) approach is considered the gold standard. This is a single-centre retrospective review spanning a five-year period. We assessed the accuracy of prior ILD diagnosis, the methodology used to establish a correct diagnosis and how an MDT approach affected subsequent management. Our data supports an MDT approach in an experienced specialist ILD centre. We have demonstrated that diagnosis is often changed after an MDT review and that this impacts the subsequent management. Our results demonstrate that an MDT approach to diagnosis can establish a diagnosis in the majority of cases when prior diagnosis is uncertain (76%). We also show that a prior diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is deemed inaccurate in over 50% of cases after MDT discussion. We have shown that during diagnostic uncertainty the considered gold standard of proceeding to a lung biopsy is not always feasible due to disease severity and comorbidities. In these circumstances, an MDT approach to diagnosis of ILDs combines clinical data with serial lung function and disease behavior, with or without responses to previous treatment trials to establish an accurate expert diagnosis. PMID:27472372

  9. Comparison of immune manifestations between refractory cytopenia of childhood and aplastic anemia in children: A single-center retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Wu, Jun; Cheng, Yifei; Zhang, Leping

    2015-12-01

    This retrospective single-center study assessed the incidence and clinical features of immune manifestations of refractory cytopenia of childhood (RCC) and childhood aplastic anemia (AA). We evaluated 72 children with RCC and 123 with AA between February 2008 and March 2013. RCC was associated with autoimmune disease in 4 children, including 1 case each with autoimmune hemolytic anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and anaphylactoid purpura. No children with AA were diagnosed with autoimmune diseases. Immune abnormalities were common in both RCC and AA; the most significant reductions were in the relative numbers of CD3-CD56+ subsets found in RCC. Despite the many similar immunologic abnormalities in AA and RCC, the rate of autoimmune disease was significantly lower in childhood AA than RCC (p=0.008, χ2=6.976). The relative numbers of natural killer cells were significantly lower in RCC patients than AA patients. By month 6, there was no significant difference in autoimmune manifestations between RCC and AA in relation to the response to immunosuppressive therapy (p=0.907, χ2=0.014). The large overlap of analogous immunologic abnormalities indicates that RCC and childhood AA may share the same pathogenesis.

  10. Percutaneous High-Energy Microwave Ablation for the Treatment of Pulmonary Tumors: A Retrospective Single-Center Experience.

    PubMed

    Egashira, Yoshiaki; Singh, Saurabh; Bandula, Steve; Illing, Rowland

    2016-04-01

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous high-energy microwave ablation (MWA) for the treatment for pulmonary tumors. A retrospective review was undertaken of 44 patients (21 men, 23 women; median age, 66 y; range, 17-89 y) who underwent 62 sessions of high-energy MWA for 87 pulmonary tumors at a single tertiary referral center between June 2012 and June 2014. Primary tumor origin was sarcoma (n = 23), colorectal (n = 16), lung (n = 2), esophageal (n = 1), breast (n = 1), and bladder (n = 1). Median tumor size was 12 mm (range, 6-45 mm). Technical success was recorded contemporaneously, complication rate at 30 days was recorded prospectively, and technique effectiveness was assessed by longitudinal follow-up CT scan. Primary technical success was achieved in 94% of ablation sessions. The median follow-up interval was 15 months (range, 6.2-29.5 mo) during which time local tumor progression was observed in two of 87 tumors (technique effectiveness 98%). Pneumothorax requiring chest tube insertion occurred in 19%; delayed pneumothorax occurred in four patients. No hemoptysis, infection, or other complications were recorded. High-energy MWA is safe and effective for the destruction of lung tumors. Copyright © 2016 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Coronary CT angiography with single-source and dual-source CT: comparison of image quality and radiation dose between prospective ECG-triggered and retrospective ECG-gated protocols.

    PubMed

    Sabarudin, Akmal; Sun, Zhonghua; Yusof, Ahmad Khairuddin Md

    2013-09-30

    This study is conducted to investigate and compare image quality and radiation dose between prospective ECG-triggered and retrospective ECG-gated coronary CT angiography (CCTA) with the use of single-source CT (SSCT) and dual-source CT (DSCT). A total of 209 patients who underwent CCTA with suspected coronary artery disease scanned with SSCT (n=95) and DSCT (n=114) scanners using prospective ECG-triggered and retrospective ECG-gated protocols were recruited from two institutions. The image was assessed by two experienced observers, while quantitative assessment was performed by measuring the image noise, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Effective dose was calculated using the latest published conversion coefficient factor. A total of 2087 out of 2880 coronary artery segments were assessable, with 98.0% classified as of sufficient and 2.0% as of insufficient image quality for clinical diagnosis. There was no significant difference in overall image quality between prospective ECG-triggered and retrospective gated protocols, whether it was performed with DSCT or SSCT scanners. Prospective ECG-triggered protocol was compared in terms of radiation dose calculation between DSCT (6.5 ± 2.9 mSv) and SSCT (6.2 ± 1.0 mSv) scanners and no significant difference was noted (p=0.99). However, the effective dose was significantly lower with DSCT (18.2 ± 8.3 mSv) than with SSCT (28.3 ± 7.0 mSv) in the retrospective gated protocol. Prospective ECG-triggered CCTA reduces radiation dose significantly compared to retrospective ECG-gated CCTA, while maintaining good image quality. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Brachytherapy or Conformal External Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer: A Single-Institution Matched-Pair Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Pickles, Tom; Keyes, Mira; Morris, W. James

    2010-01-15

    Purpose: In the absence of randomized study data, institutional case series have shown brachytherapy (BT) to produce excellent biochemical control (bNED) in patients with localized prostate cancer compared with alternative curative treatments. This study was designed to overcome some of the limitations of case series studies by using a matched-pair design in patients treated contemporaneously with BT and external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) at a single institution. Methods and Materials: Six hundred one eligible patients treated between 1998 and 2001 were prospectively followed up in our institutional databases and matched on a 1:1 basis for the following known prognostic variables: prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, Gleason score, T stage, the use and duration of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy, and the percentage of positive tissue core samples. Two hundred seventy-eight perfect matches of patients (139 in each group) with low- and intermediate-risk cancer were further analyzed. bNED (Phoenix definition) was the primary endpoint. Other endpoints were toxicity, PSA kinetics, and the secondary use of androgen deprivation therapy. Results: The 5-year bNED rates were 95% (BT) and 85% (EBRT) (p < 0.001). After 7 years, the BT bNED result was unchanged, but the rate in EBRT patients had fallen to 75%. The median posttreatment PSA nadirs were 0.04 ng/mL (BT) and 0.62 ng/mL (EBRT, p < 0.001), which predicted a higher ongoing treatment failure rate in association with EBRT use than with BT use. Late urinary toxicity and rectal/bowel toxicity were worse in patients treated with BT and EBRT, respectively. Conclusions: BT for both low-risk and selected intermediate-risk cancers achieves exceptional cure rates. Even with dose escalation, it will be difficult for EBRT to match the proven track record of BT seen over the past decade.

  13. Helicobacter pylori infection and thrombocytopenia: a single-institution experience in Mexico.

    PubMed

    Estrada-Gómez, Roberto A; Parra-Ortega, Israel; Martínez-Barreda, Carlos; Ruiz-Argüelles, Guillermo J

    2007-01-01

    The association between gastrointestinal H. pylori infection and thrombocytopenia was studied in a single institution in Mexico, over a 5-year period. In 99 individuals with H. pylori infection, the prevalence of thrombocytopenia was 14%, whereas in 23 consecutive patients with chronic refractory thrombocytopenic purpura, the prevalence of H. pylori infection was 60%, this figure being similar to that informed in the general population of Mexico (66%); the association between thrombocytopenia and H. pylori infection was not significant. In 14 patients who were found to have both thrombocytopenia and H. pylori infection, eradication treatment was given and the platelet count recovered in three. It is not still clear if detection of H. pylori infection should be routinely included in the initial workup of chronic thrombocytopenia.

  14. A simplified method for stem cell autografting in multiple myeloma: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    López-Otero, A; Ruiz-Delgado, G J; Ruiz-Argüelles, G J

    2009-12-01

    In a 14-year period in a single institution 31 autografts were performed in 26 patients with multiple myeloma (MM), using a simplified and affordable autografting procedure: conducting the grafts on an outpatient basis and avoiding stem cell freezing. Autografts were started on an outpatient basis in all instances, but four patients were admitted to the hospital. Median time to achieve more than 0.5 x 10(9)/l granulocytes was 27 days, whereas median time to recover above 20 x 10(9)/l plts was 37 days. CR was achieved in 19 cases and a very good partial response in 6 cases. The 100-day mortality was 9.6%. The overall median post-transplant survival has not been reached, being above 76 months, whereas the 76-month survival is 80%. The median cost of each procedure was US$ 15 000. Survival results were substantially better than those of historical control in a group of patients treated in the same institution with melphalan/prednisone. It is concluded that high-dose therapy rescued with a simplified autologous stem cell graft is a valid, useful and affordable therapeutic option for patients with MM, even with economical restraints.

  15. Spinal tumors in children: long-term retrospective evaluation of a series of 134 cases treated in a single unit of pediatric neurosurgery.

    PubMed

    Spacca, Barbara; Giordano, Flavio; Donati, Pierarturo; Genitori, Lorenzo

    2015-09-01

    Spinal tumors in childhood are rare and heterogeneous, and their treatment is very demanding. It is necessary to both manage the disease and preserve the spinal stability so that the spine can grow normally. As a consequence, results in terms of both mortality and morbidity are often suboptimal. The results of a single pediatric neurosurgery institution are reported to highlight the peculiarities and pitfalls of the management of this disease. Tumors are analyzed from the point of view of their localization, histology, and outcome in terms of mortality and morbidity, with a special focus on postoperative spinal deformity. The study design was retrospective. Between 1995 and 2011, 134 children (75 males and 59 females) were admitted for spinal tumors, accounting for 7.7% of all the patients admitted for central nervous system malignancies. The mean age was 8.5 years (14 days-26 years), and the mean follow-up was 28 months (3 months-13 years). Clinical and radiological outcomes were evaluated to assess mortality, morbidity, and surgical outcomes. A special interest was directed toward morbidity related to spinal deformity and neurologic deficits. Patients were divided into four groups: intramedullary (46 patients), intradural extramedullary (25 patients), extradural (53 patients), and paravertebral tumors (10 patients). Data were obtained retrospectively from medical records and radiological archives. Low-grade glioma was the most common histology (14.1%). One hundred seventeen patients were surgically treated, with a total of 138 surgical procedures. A posterior approach was chosen in 111 cases, with osteoplastic laminotomy in 80. Radiotherapy was administered to 22 patients and chemotherapy to 26. At the last follow-up, 16 patients (11.9%) had died. A good control of the tumor with clinical improvement was reported in 100 patients (74.6%). Five patients developed a spinal instability (3.7%). The goals of surgery should be histology, spine and nerve root

  16. Invasive Paget disease of the breast: 20 years of experience at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hyun-Woo; Kim, Tae Eun; Cho, Soo Youn; Kim, Seok Won; Kil, Won Ho; Lee, Jeong Eon; Nam, Seok Jin; Cho, Eun Yoon

    2014-12-01

    Mammary Paget disease with dermal invasion (invMPD) is rare, and its prognosis remains largely unknown. We reviewed MPD cases diagnosed at our institution and analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of invMPD and non-invMPD to compare their incidences and outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed 205 cases of women diagnosed as having MPD between 1994 and 2013. Sixteen of 205 MPD cases (7.8%) had dermal invasion. Twelve of 16 invMPD cases had separate, underlying invasive breast carcinoma, and 3 invMPD cases had ductal carcinoma in situ. To exclude the influence of underlying disease on prognosis, we compared prognosis of invMPD with matched non-invMPD. The mean depth and extent of Paget cell invasion in invMPD cases were 0.637 and 1.268 mm, respectively. The horizontal extent of MPD was significantly larger in invMPD versus non-invMPD (mean, 14.31 mm versus 7.35 mm; P = .002). Distant metastasis and disease-related death were observed in 12.6% (24/189) and 12.1% (23/189) of non-invMPD patients, respectively, compared with 6.3% (1/16) and 6.3% (1/16) of invMPD patients; this difference was not significant (P = .7 and P = .7). Clinical outcomes of the invMPD patients were also not significantly different from the matched non-invMPD patients. In this study, MPD extent significantly correlated with MPD invasion. However, other clinicopathological parameters were not associated with dermal MPD invasion. Dermal MPD invasion was rare and did not predict regional lymph node metastasis or poor prognosis. The prognosis is usually similar for invMPD and non-invMPD, and MPD must be distinguished from locally advanced breast cancer presenting as satellite skin nodules.

  17. Pathologic Fracture in Chilhood and Adolescent Osteosarcoma: A Single Institution Experience

    PubMed Central

    Haynes, Lindsay; Kaste, Sue C.; Ness, Kirsten K; Wu, Jianrong; Ortega-Laureano, Lucia; Bishop, Michael; Neel, Michael; Rao, Bhaskar; Fernandez-Pineda, Israel

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Pathologic fractures occur in 5-10% of pediatric osteosarcoma cases and have historically been considered a contraindication to limb salvage. We purposed to describe the radiographic features of pathologic fracture and examine its impact on local recurrence rates, functional outcomes and overall survival. Methods We retrospectively analyzed patients at our institution from 1990-2015 with pathologic fracture at diagnosis or during neoadjuvant chemotherapy. We selected a control group of 50 osteosarcoma patients of similar age and gender without pathologic fracture from 1990-2015. Functional outcomes were scored using Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) criteria. Chi square test was used for comparative analysis of groups. Results Thirty-six patients with 37 pathologic fractures form the study cohort. Of patients who received surgery, 18/34 patients with fracture underwent amputation, compared to 8/48 in the non-fracture group (p=0.007). Indications for amputation in fracture patients were tumor size (n=7), neurovascular involvement (n=6), and tumor progression during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n=5). Only one patient (2.9%) in the fracture group who underwent limb salvage suffered local recurrence. Of patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 25/34 fracture patients showed poor histological response, compared to 24/47 non-fracture patients. (p=0.044) There was no statistically significant difference in overall survival between the two groups (p=0.96). Functional outcomes were significantly lower in fracture patients (median=17.5) than non-fracture patients (median=24) (p=0.023). Conclusions Radiographic features of pathologic fractures were highly variable in this population. Limb salvage surgery can be performed without increased risk of local recurrence. Patients with pathologic fracture suffer worse functional outcomes, but show no decrease in overall survival. PMID:27897381

  18. Phyllodes tumors of the breast: Analysis of 35 cases from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Demian, Gerges Attia; Fayaz, Salah; El-Sayed Eissa, Heba; Nazmy, Nashwa; Samir, Suzanne; George, Thomas; El-Sherify, Mustafa; Abuzalouf, Sadeq

    2016-12-01

    Phyllodes tumors are rare fibroepithelial breast tumors with diverse biological behavior. Our study aim is to review the clinico-pathological features, prognostic factors and treatment outcome for patients presenting with phyllodes tumors of the breast to the Kuwait Cancer Control Center (KCCC). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and pathological data of 35 women of histologically proved phyllodes tumors of the breast retrieved between January 1994 and December 2012. The median age was 40years (21-63years). The median pathological tumor size was 6.8cm (3-25cm). Histologically, one patient (3%) presented with benign, 13 (37%) with borderline and 21 (60%) with malignant phyllodes. Twenty-eight patients (80%) were premenopausal. Twenty (57%) were ultimately treated with mastectomy (3 borderline, and 17 malignant) and 15 (43%) with conservative surgery (1 benign, 10 borderline and 4 malignant). Axillary staging was carried out in 9 patients (1 borderline and 8 malignant), none of them had nodal metastasis. Four patients with malignant phyllodes received postoperative radiotherapy. After a median follow-up period of 52months (range 5-211months), 5 developed local recurrence (1 benign, 2 borderline and 2 malignant). One patient with malignant phyllodes developed distant lung metastasis. The overall 5-year relapse free survival (RFS) was 74% (68% for borderline and 84% for malignant phyllodes). According to the treatment modality, the 5-year RFS was 69% for conservative surgery compared to 87% for mastectomy. It was 100% for irradiated patients versus 71% for non irradiated patients. Phyllodes tumors are rare tumors that occur in relatively young women, when compared with the classical adenocarcinoma of the breast. They have a tendency to reach large sizes with absence of nodal metastasis. Although surgery is the mainstay of management, postoperative radiotherapy also appears to decrease the local recurrence rates in certain presentations. Copyright © 2016 National

  19. Pathologic fracture in childhood and adolescent osteosarcoma: A single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Haynes, Lindsay; Kaste, Sue C; Ness, Kirsten K; Wu, Jianrong; Ortega-Laureano, Lucia; Bishop, Michael; Neel, Michael; Rao, Bhaskar; Fernandez-Pineda, Israel

    2017-04-01

    Pathologic fractures occur in 5-10% of pediatric osteosarcoma (OS) cases and have historically been considered a contraindication to limb salvage. Our purpose was to describe the radiographic features of pathologic fracture and examine its impact on local recurrence rates, functional outcomes, and overall survival. We retrospectively analyzed patients at our institution from 1990 to 2015 with pathologic fracture at diagnosis or during neoadjuvant chemotherapy. We selected a control group of 50 OS patients of similar age and gender without pathologic fracture from 1990 to 2015. Functional outcomes were scored using Musculoskeletal Tumor Society criteria. Chi-square test was used for comparative analysis of groups. Thirty-six patients with 37 pathologic fractures form the study cohort. Of patients who received surgery, 18 of 34 patients with fracture underwent amputation compared to 8 of 48 patients in the nonfracture group (P = 0.007). Indications for amputation in fracture patients were tumor size (n = 7), neurovascular involvement (n = 6), and tumor progression during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 5). Only one patient (2.9%) in the fracture group who underwent limb salvage suffered local recurrence. Of patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 25 of 34 fracture patients showed poor histological response compared to 24 of 47 nonfracture patients (P = 0.044). There was no statistically significant difference in overall survival (P = 0.96). Functional outcomes were significantly lower in fracture patients (median = 17.5) than nonfracture patients (median = 24) (P = 0.023). Radiographic features of pathologic fractures were highly variable in this population. Limb salvage surgery can be performed without increased risk of local recurrence. Patients with pathologic fracture suffer worse functional outcomes but no decrease in overall survival. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. 125I brachytherapy for localized prostate cancer: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Guarneri, Alessia; Botticella, Angela; Filippi, Andrea Riccardo; Munoz, Fernando; Beltramo, Giancarlo; Casetta, Giovanni; Giglioli, Francesca Romana; Tizzani, Alessandro; Ragona, Riccardo; Ricardi, Umberto

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate the clinical outcome of a cohort of localized prostate cancer patients treated with 125I permanent brachytherapy at the University of Turin. A retrospective analysis was carried out on 167 consecutive patients with early stage prostate adenocarcinoma who underwent 125I brachytherapy between January 2003 and December 2010. A minimum follow-up of ≥ 12 months was mandatory for inclusion. Biochemical disease-free survival (defined on the basis of the ASTRO definition and the ASTRO-Phoenix definition) was chosen as the primary end point. Secondary end points were gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity (acute and late, defined according to the RTOG scale). With a median follow-up of 42 months (range, 13.5-90.7), biochemical disease-free survival at 3 and 5 years was respectively 91.1% and 85.7%, according to the ASTRO definition and 94.5% and 85.1% according to ASTRO-Phoenix definition (for statistical purposes, only the ASTRO definition was used). Hormone treatment and nadir PSA (cutoff of 0.35 ng/ml) were the only factors affecting biochemical disease-free survival both on univariate (P = 0.02 and P = 0.001, respectively) and multivariate analysis (HR 0.024; P = 0.021 and HR 21.6; P = 0.006, respectively). Only 3.6% of patients experienced ≥ grade 3 acute urinary toxicity and 5% ≥ grade 3 late urinary toxicity. Prior transurethral prostate resection was the only independent predictor of grade 3 late urinary toxicity on multivariate analysis (HR 0.13; P = 0.009). This mono-institutional series confirmed that brachytherapy is an effective and safe treatment modality for localized prostate cancer, with acceptable short- and long-term morbidity rates.

  1. Ganglioglioma: Single-institutional experience of 24 cases with review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Tandon, Vivek; Bansal, Sumit; Chandra, P. Sarat; Suri, Ashish; Tripathi, Manjari; Sharma, Mehar C.; Sarkari, Avijit; Mahapatra, Ashok K.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Ganglioglioma is a common seizure associated tumor. The goal of this study was to observe the postoperative outcome in patients with gangliogliomas. Material and Methods: A total 24 patients with gangliogliomas who underwent surgery at our institute from 2008 to 2011 were included. There were 13 males (54%) in our study. A retrospective analysis for the demographic profile, surgery and outcome was performed using STATA software. Literature on this subject was also reviewed, MEDLINE and PUBMED databases were searched. Observations: Sixteen patients presented with signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure and 12 patients had seizure disorder. Average age at surgery was 20 years (range 7-50 years). Twelve each were located in the temporal lobe and extra-temporal location. Intra-operative electrocorticography (ECoG) alone in three and image guidance alone were used in two patients, respectively. Both ECoG and image guidance were used in one patient and none of them was used in 18 patients. Gross total resection was achieved in 17 patients. After a mean follow-up of 1.6 years (range 3 months to 2.5 years), out of 12 patients with preoperative seizures, 10 (83.3%) were seizure free (Engel class-I) and 2 (16.6%) belonged to Engel class-II. None of the factors, including age at surgery, seizure duration prior to surgery, type of seizures, use of intra-operative ECoG and image guidance, extent of tumor resection, and surgical strategy proved to have significant correlation with postoperative seizure outcome. Conclusions: Surgical treatment is effective and safe for patients with gangliogliomas. Neither intra-operative ECoG nor image guidance necessarily leads to better seizure control, although they are useful adjunct for achieving safe and complete tumor resection. PMID:27695546

  2. Management of LVAD Patients for Noncardiac Surgery: A Single-Institution Study.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Eric W; Heinke, Timothy; Finley, Alan; Guldan, G J; Gaddy, Parker; Matthew Toole, J; Mims, Ryan; Abernathy, J H

    2015-08-01

    To describe the experience regarding the perioperative management of patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) who require anesthesia while undergoing noncardiac surgery (NCS) at a single medical center. Retrospective chart review Academic medical center Patients with LVADs Medical records from April 1, 2009 through January 31, 2014 were reviewed for patients who underwent Heartmate II LVAD placement at this facility. Individual records were reviewed for NCS after LVAD placement, specifically investigating perioperative and anesthetic management. Seventy-one patients underwent LVAD placement during this time period. Thirty-five patients (49%) underwent a total of 101 NCS procedures. Arterial catheters were placed in 19 patients (19%), and 33 patients (33%) were intubated for their procedure. No complications or perioperative mortality occurred related to the NCS. Noncardiac surgery is becoming more common in patients with LVADs. Anesthetic management of these patients outside of the cardiac operating room is limited. Patients with Heartmate II LVADs can safely undergo noncardiac surgery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Clinical Diversity of Atopic Dermatitis: A Review of 5,000 Patients at a Single Institute

    PubMed Central

    Chu, Howard; Shin, Jung U; Park, Chang Ook; Lee, Hemin; Lee, Jungsoo

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic eczematous dermatitis that has a high prevalence and diverse clinical features. Although several hypotheses about its multifactorial pathogenesis have been suggested, the cause is not yet fully understood. A better understanding of the clinical features may helpful inelucidating the pathogenesis of AD. Methods This retrospective study analyzed the questionnaires, medical charts, and laboratory examination results of 5,000 patients diagnosed with AD at a single tertiary hospital in Korea. Results The demographics, allergic comorbidities, family history, severity, and treatment experiences of the patients were analyzed. Most of the patients were adults, 76.3% of whom were classified as havingan extrinsic type of AD. The mean eczema area and severity index (EASI) score was found to be 13.68, and adult patients were found to have higher severity than the other age groups. The anatomical involvements were different among the age groups, with more involvements of the head and neck in adults. The patients reported seasonal changes and stress as the factors that aggravated their symptoms the most. Topical steroids and oral cyclosporine were the most used medications at our clinic, whereas 10.1% of the patients underwent allergen-specific immunotherapy. Conclusions This analysis of 5,000 patients would lead to a better understanding of various subtypes and diverse clinical features of AD in Koreans. Distinct characteristics were observed among different age groups; thus, treatment strategies may need to be differentiated accordingly. PMID:28102061

  4. Five-year survivors of brain metastases: A single-institution report of 32 patients

    SciTech Connect

    Chao, Samuel T.; Barnett, Gene H.; Liu, Stephanie W.; Reuther, Alwyn M.; Toms, Steven A.; Vogelbaum, Michael A.; Videtic, Gregory; Suh, John H. . E-mail: suhj@ccf.org

    2006-11-01

    Purpose: To report on 32 patients who survived {>=}5 years from brain metastases treated at a single institution. Methods and Materials: The records of 1288 patients diagnosed with brain metastases between 1973 and 1999 were reviewed. Patients were treated with whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT), surgery, and/or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Thirty-two (2.5%) {>=}5-year survivors were identified. Factors contributing to long-term survival were identified. Results: Median survival was 9.3 years for {>=}5-year survivors. Seven of these patients lived {>=}10 years. Female gender was the only patient characteristic that correlated with better survival (p = 0.0369). When these patients were compared with <5-year survivors, age <65 years (p = 0.0044), control of the primary at diagnosis (p = 0.0052), no systemic disease (p = 0.0012), recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) Class 1 (p = 0.0002 with Class 2; p = 0.0022 with Class 3), and single brain metastasis (p = 0.0018) were associated with long-term survival in the univariate logistic regression model. In the multivariate model, RPA Class 1 compared with Class 2 (OR = 0.39, p = 0.0196), surgery (OR = 0.16, p < 0.0001), and SRS (OR = 0.41, p = 0.0188) were associated with long-term survival. Conclusions: For patients with good prognostic factors such as young age, good RPA characteristics and single metastasis, treatment with surgery or SRS offers the best chance for long-term survival.

  5. Antibiotic prophylaxis in elective cholecystectomy: Protocol adequacy and related outcomes in a retrospective single-centre analysis.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Caravaca, Gil; Gil-Yonte, Pablo; Risco-Risco, Carlos; Latasa Zamalloa, Pello; Villar del Campo, M Concepcion; Fernández-Cebrián, Jose M; Valverde-Núñez, Ignacio; Lucendo, Alfredo J

    2016-01-01

    Antibiotic prophylaxis is an effective tool to reduce surgical infection rates. However, antibiotic prophylaxis in cholecystectomy is controversial when non-high risk patients are considered. This research aims to evaluate the adherence with antibiotic prophylaxis protocol in patients undergoing cholecystectomy, and its impact in the outcomes of surgical infection. This single-center observational and retrospective study analyzed all elective cholecystectomy procedures carried out at the Fundación Alcorcón University Hospital in the period 2007-2014. Data were recovered from hospital records; rates of adherence to the available hospital protocols were evaluated for choice, initiation, duration, administration route and dosages of antibiotics, and the starting and duration of the prophylaxis. The overall adequacy rate to protocol was 72%. The adherence rates in both the administration route and dose were 100%. The most common violations of the protocol included the choice of antibiotic agent (19%), followed by the moment of initiating its administration (8.9%). The overall wound infection rate was lower in case of laparoscopy than in laparotomy cholecystectomy (1.4% vs. 4.3%, p < 0.05; odds rate [OR] 0.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.1-0.6). No relationship between adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis and surgical infection rate was documented, neither considering overall gallbladder surgeries (crude OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.1-2.0), nor laparoscopy vs. open surgery (MH adjusted OR 0.24, 95% CI 0.2-2.1). The overall adequacy rate to antibiotic prophylaxis protocol recommended for elective cholecystectomy in our hospital was high (72%). No significant association between the adequacy or antibiotic prophylaxis and surgical infection was found.

  6. Single Port Transumbilical Laparoscopic Surgery versus Conventional Laparoscopic Surgery for Benign Adnexal Masses: A Retrospective Study of Feasibility and Safety

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Si-Yun; Yin, Ling; Guan, Xiao-Ming; Xiao, Bing-Bing; Zhang, Yan; Delgado, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    Background: Single port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) is an innovative approach that is rapidly gaining recognition worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and safety of SPLS compared to conventional laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of benign adnexal masses. Methods: In total, 99 patients who underwent SPLS for benign adnexal masses between December 2013 and March 2015 were compared to a nonrandomized control group comprising 104 conventional laparoscopic adnexal surgeries that were performed during the same period. We retrospectively analyzed multiple clinical characteristics and operative outcomes of all the patients, including age, body mass index, size and pathological type of ovarian mass, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), duration of postoperative hospital stay, etc. Results: No significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding preoperative baseline characteristics. However, the pathological results between the two groups were found to be slightly different. The most common pathological type in the SPLS group was mature cystic teratoma, whereas endometrioma was more commonly seen in the control group. Otherwise, the two groups had comparable surgical outcomes, including the median operation time (51 min vs. 52 min, P = 0.909), the median decreased level of hemoglobin from preoperation to postoperation day 3 (10 g/L vs. 10 g/L, P = 0.795), and the median duration of postoperative hospital stay (3 days vs. 3 days, P = 0.168). In SPLS groups, the median EBL and the anal exsufflation time were significantly less than those of the conventional group (5 ml vs. 10 ml, P < 0.001; 10 h vs. 22 h, P < 0.001). Conclusions: SPLS is a feasible and safe approach for the treatment of benign adnexal masses. Further study is required to better determine whether SPLS has significant benefits compared to conventional techniques. PMID:27231167

  7. Retrospective Review of 516 Implantations of Option Inferior Vena Cava Filters at a Single Health Care System.

    PubMed

    Tsui, Brian; An, Tianzhi; Moon, Eunice; King, Russell; Wang, Weiping

    2016-03-01

    To retrospectively evaluate the safety, efficacy, and retrievability of Option inferior vena cava (IVC) filters. All patients (N = 516; 247 women; mean age, 67.1 y ± 15.1; range, 19.5-101.6 y) who received an Option filter between August 2009 and March 2015 at a single health care system were analyzed. The study duration was 68 months, with median clinical follow-up of 7.1 months (range, 1 d to 61.8 mo). During follow-up, 73 of 83 patients (88.0%) underwent successful filter retrieval, 153 died (including three after successful retrieval), and 293 remained alive with filters in situ. Seventeen cases of breakthrough pulmonary embolism (PE) occurred (3.4%). Among 323 patients with direct filter imaging, there were two cases of tilt > 15°, one case of filter deformity, 16 cases of intracaval migration > 2 cm, and no cases of filter fracture. There were six cases of caval occlusion, nine cases of thrombus trapped inside the filter, and 57 cases of limb penetration on computed tomography scans or radiographs of the IVC. Retrieval failures were attributed to filter tilt or tip embedment in the caval wall (n = 4), complete IVC thrombosis (n = 3), thrombus inside the filter (n = 2), or inability to disengage filter legs (n = 1). Recurrent deep vein thrombosis occurred in 34 patients, including 32 with filters in situ and two whose filters had been removed. Most Option filters were left in situ for permanent indications. Rates of successful retrieval, device-related complications, and breakthrough PE were similar to those associated with other retrievable filters. Copyright © 2016 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Retrospective analysis of 620 cases of brain abscess in Chinese patients in a single center over a 62-year period.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhen; Cai, Xinwang; Li, Jia; Kang, Xiaokui; Wang, Haining; Zhang, Lin; Yan, Rong; Gao, Nannan; Liu, Shengjie; Yue, Shuyuan; Zhang, Jianning; Yang, Shuyuan; Yang, Xinyu

    2016-04-01

    Despite advances in laboratory diagnostics, antibiotic regimens, and neurosurgical techniques, brain abscess (BA) remains a potentially fatal infectious disease. This study analyzed clinical and epidemiological aspects of BA in Chinese patients treated at a single center during a 62-year period. We retrospectively analyzed 620 BA patients treated at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, PR China from 1952 to 2014. Because of the initiation of imaging technology use in 1992, and other specific changes, we analyzed data over three study periods: 1952-1972, 1980-1991, and 2002-2014. Information including incidence, sex, age, community distribution, BA size and location, therapeutic method, prognosis and outcome of BA patients was collected and evaluated. Our study included 620 BA patients. The percentage mortality significantly decreased from 22.8 % in 1952 to 6.3 % in 2014 (p < 0.001). Although the incidence of BA was higher in males than females, there was no significant change in the male/female incidence ratio over time: 2.5 in 1952-1972, 2.6 in 1980-1991, and 2.2 in 2002-2014. The cryptogenic infection incidence significantly increased over time (p < 0.001). The number of positive bacterial cultures significantly decreased over the three study periods (p < 0.01). The prognosis of patients with BA has gradually improved over the past 62 years in Tianjin, China. This may be because improvements in neurosurgical techniques, cranial imaging, and antimicrobial regimens have facilitated less invasive and more precise neurosurgical procedures.

  9. Surgical management of breast cancer in China: A 15-year single-center retrospective study of 18,502 patients.

    PubMed

    Huang, Nai-Si; Liu, Meng-Ying; Chen, Jia-Jian; Yang, Ben-Long; Xue, Jing-Yan; Quan, Chen-Lian; Mo, Miao; Liu, Guang-Yu; Shen, Zhen-Zhou; Shao, Zhi-Min; Wu, Jiong

    2016-11-01

    The aim of the study was to review the surgical trends in breast cancer treatment in China over the past 15 years and to explore the possible factors related to the choice of surgical modality.The medical records of 18,502 patients with unilateral early stage breast cancer who underwent surgery from January 1999 to December 2013 at our institute were retrospectively reviewed. The utilization of different surgical modalities and the associated clinicopathological factors were analyzed. Furthermore, the prognostic role of surgical modality was also evaluated.The median patient age was 50.0 years. According to the pTNM staging system, 12.5% of the patients were classified as stage 0; 30.2% as stage I; 40.0% as stage II; and 17.3% as stage III. In total, 9.3% of the patients could not be staged. Overall, 67.1% of the breast cancer cases were estrogen receptor (ER) positive. The pattern of breast cancer surgery has changed tremendously over the past 15 years (P < 0.001). The pattern of mastectomy has shifted from radical mastectomy to modified radical mastectomy and simple mastectomy + sentinel lymph node biopsy. A total of 81.7% of the patients underwent mastectomy without immediate reconstruction, 15.2% underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS), and 3.7% received immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy. Age, TNM staging, and pathological characteristics greatly affected the choice of surgical modality. The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates for the mastectomy, BCS, and reconstruction groups were 87.6%, 93.2%, and 91.7%, respectively (P < 0.001); the RFS rate was likely affected by distant recurrence instead of loco-regional recurrence. We also identified improved RFS over time, stratified by surgical modality and tumor stage. Multivariate Cox-regression analysis revealed that time of treatment, tumor stage, tumor grade, LVI status, and ER status were independent prognostic factors for RFS in our cohort, whereas surgical modality was not

  10. Patterns of use of medical cannabis among Israeli cancer patients: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Waissengrin, Barliz; Urban, Damien; Leshem, Yasmin; Garty, Meital; Wolf, Ido

    2015-02-01

    The use of the cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa L.) for the palliative treatment of cancer patients has been legalized in multiple jurisdictions including Israel. Yet, not much is currently known regarding the efficacy and patterns of use of cannabis in this setting. To analyze the indications for the administration of cannabis among adult Israeli cancer patients and evaluate its efficacy. Efficacy and patterns of use of cannabis were evaluated using physician-completed application forms, medical files, and a detailed questionnaire in adult cancer patients treated at a single institution. Of approximately 17,000 cancer patients seen, 279 (<1.7%) received a permit for cannabis from an authorized institutional oncologist. The median age of cannabis users was 60 years (range 19-93 years), 160 (57%) were female, and 234 (84%) had metastatic disease. Of 151 (54%) patients alive at six months, 70 (46%) renewed their cannabis permit. Renewal was more common among younger patients and those with metastatic disease. Of 113 patients alive and using cannabis at one month, 69 (61%) responded to the detailed questionnaire. Improvement in pain, general well-being, appetite, and nausea were reported by 70%, 70%, 60%, and 50%, respectively. Side effects were mild and consisted mostly of fatigue and dizziness. Cannabis use is perceived as highly effective by some patients with advanced cancer and its administration can be regulated, even by local authorities. Additional studies are required to evaluate the efficacy of cannabis as part of the palliative treatment of cancer patients. Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Adjuvant radiotherapy outcome of stage I testicular seminoma: a single institution study.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hayoon; Kim, Jun Won; Hong, Sung Joon; Yang, Seung Choul; Choi, Young Deuk; Rha, Koon Ho; Cho, Jaeho

    2015-01-01

    To analyze treatment outcome and side effects of adjuvant radiotherapy using radiotherapy fields and doses which have evolved over the last two decades in a single institution. Forty-one patients received radiotherapy after orchiectomy from 1996 to 2007. At our institution, the treatment field for stage I seminoma has changed from dog-leg (DL) field prior to 2003 to paraaortic (PA) field after 2003. Fifteen patients were treated with the classic fractionation scheme of 25.5 Gy at 1.5 Gy per fraction. Other patients had been treated with modified schedules of 25.05 Gy at 1.67 Gy per fraction (n=15) and 25.2 Gy at 1.8 Gy per fraction (n=11). With a median follow-up of 112 months, the 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 100% and 96%, respectively, and 5-year and 10-year relapse-free survival rates were both 97.1%. No in-field recurrence occurred. Contralateral seminoma occurred in one patient 5 years after treatment. No grade III-IV acute toxicity occurred. An increased rate of grade 1-2 acute hematologic toxicity was found in patients with longer overall treatment times due to 1.5 Gy per fraction. The rate of grade 2 acute gastrointestinal toxicity was significantly higher with DL field than with PA field and also higher in the 1.8-Gy group than in the 1.5-Gy and 1.67-Gy groups. Patients with stage I seminoma were safely treated with PA-only radiotherapy with no pelvic failure. Optimal fractionation schedule needs to be explored further in order to minimize treatment-related toxicity.

  12. Breast molecular imaging: a retrospective review of one institutions experience with this modality and analysis of its potential role in breast imaging decision making.

    PubMed

    Siegal, Emily; Angelakis, Elizabeth; Morris, Patricia; Pinkus, Edward

    2012-01-01

    Breast Molecular Imaging (or Breast-Specific Gamma Imaging) has been previously shown to be both sensitive and specific for the detection of breast cancer. The purpose of our study was to retrospectively review all cases of Breast Molecular Imaging (BMI) performed at our institution to determine BMI's potential role in Breast Imaging decision making. A total of 416 cases of BMI from January 2007 to November 2009 were analyzed and the following data were collected: indication for examination, BIRADS assignment after BMI, biopsy outcomes, sensitivity and specificity of the modality and patient follow-up. Fifty-six percent of cases were ordered for an indeterminate asymmetry or focal asymmetry, 14% for evaluation of calcifications, and less than 10% each for the remainder of the indications including palpable lumps with negative imaging, evaluation of extent of disease in patients with known breast cancer and screening of high risk patients who could not undergo MRI. BMI was also shown to be helpful in evaluation of lesions that were difficult to biopsy or for patients that desired further testing rather than biopsy or short term follow-up of abnormalities. Seventy percent of BMI cases performed completed the diagnostic evaluation with BIRADS 1 or BIRADS 2 designations. Only 14% of cases ultimately resulted in biopsy. Contra-lateral findings were discovered in 10% of patients, more than half of which were occult malignancies or high-risk lesions. Of the lesions for which biopsy was recommended, 43% were malignant and 15% were high-risk lesions. Sensitivity of the test at our institution was 93% and specificity 78.9%. Our results show that BMI is both a sensitive and specific test which is useful as an adjunct to standard breast imaging modalities for problem solving in indeterminate cases.

  13. Laparoscopic rectopexy for full-thickness rectal prolapse: a single-institution retrospective study evaluating surgical outcome.

    PubMed

    Lechaux, D; Trebuchet, G; Siproudhis, L; Campion, J P

    2005-04-01

    The laparoscopic approach promises to become the gold standard for the transabdominal management of full-thickness rectal prolapse. The aim of this study was to review our experience and to highlight the functional results achieved with this new technique. Forty-eight patients with full-thickness external prolapse underwent laparoscopic repair between February 1997 and February 2003. All patients underwent preoperative evaluation of their rectal function. Patients with isolated rectal ulcer without prolapse or with internal prolapse and patients deemed by the anesthesiologist to be unfit for general anesthesia were excluded from the study. The laparoscopic technique was either a mesh rectopexy without resection (n = 35) or a suture rectopexy with sigmoid resection (n = 13). Patients with intractable constipation preceding the development of the rectal prolapse were advised to have a resection-rectopexy. In the postoperative follow-up, attention was paid to mortality, morbidity, recurrent prolapse, incontinence, and constipation. Follow-up was done by clinical review and postal questionnaire. There were no deaths and no septic or anastomotic complications. The postoperative morbidity rate was 5%. Oral intake was started on postoperative day 1. Discharge from the hospital was on postoperative day 4 in patients without sigmoid resection and on postoperative day 7 in patients with sigmoid resection. Two patients (4%) developed recurrent total prolapse during a median follow-up period of 36 +/- 15 months (range, 7-77). The functional results were good or excellent in 72% of the cases, without digitations or dyschesia. Continence was improved in 31% of the patients and remains unchanged in 64% of them. In 11 patients (23%), constipation was worsened by the procedure. Laparoscopic rectopexy with or without resection is both safe and effective. Advantages include low-morbidity, improved cosmesis, the rapid return of intestinal function, early discharge from hospital, and a low recurrence rate. The fecal continence score is improved; however, constipation is frequently worsened.

  14. GH replacement therapy and second neoplasms in adult survivors of childhood cancer: a retrospective study from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Brignardello, E; Felicetti, F; Castiglione, A; Fortunati, N; Matarazzo, P; Biasin, E; Sacerdote, C; Ricardi, U; Fagioli, F; Corrias, A; Arvat, E

    2015-02-01

    Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is the most common endocrine late effect observed in childhood cancer survivors (CCS) previously submitted to cranial irradiation. Radiation therapy can also increase the risk of second neoplasms (SNs). Since in previous studies GH replacement therapy was associated with increased incidence of neoplasia, we explored the association between SNs and GH replacement therapy in a cohort of CCS with GHD. Within the clinical cohort of CCS referred to the Transition Unit for Childhood Cancer Survivors of Turin between November 2001 and December 2012, we considered all patients who developed GHD as a consequence of cancer therapies. GHD was always diagnosed in childhood. To evaluate the quality of data, our cohort was linked to the Childhood Cancer Registry of Piedmont. GHD was diagnosed in 49 out of 310 CCS included in our clinical cohort. At least one SN was diagnosed in 14 patients, meningioma and basal cell carcinoma being the most common SNs. The cumulative incidence of SNs was similar in GH-treated and -untreated patients (8 SNs out of 26 GH-treated and 6 out of 23 GH-untreated patients; p = 0.331). Age, sex and paediatric cancer type had no impact on SNs development. In our CCS, GH replacement therapy does not seem to increase the risk of SNs. Anyway, independently from replacement therapy, in these patients we observed an elevated risk of SNs, possibly related to previous radiation therapy, which suggests the need of a close long-term follow-up.

  15. Increased nuchal translucency and pregnancy outcome: a retrospective study of 1063 consecutive singleton pregnancies in a single referral institution.

    PubMed

    Ayräs, Outi; Tikkanen, Minna; Eronen, Marianne; Paavonen, Jorma; Stefanovic, Vedran

    2013-09-01

    The goals of this study are to assess pregnancy outcome with increased nuchal translucency (NT) and to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome in relation to the degree of increased NT. All singleton pregnancies with increased NT at the first screening ultrasound examination referred to the Department of Fetal Medicine at the Helsinki University Central Hospital during 2002 to 2007 were included. Pregnancy outcomes and short-term outcomes of the newborns were recorded and analyzed. Of the 1063 pregnancies, karyotype was normal in 834 (78%). The majority, 611 (73%), of euploid fetuses was in the lowest NT group (95th percentile--3.4 mm). Percentage of favorable outcome decreased from 92% in the lowest NT group (95th percentile--3.4 mm) to 18% in the highest NT group (≥6.5 mm). Structural defects or genetic disorders were observed in 74 (9%) of cases with normal karyotype, of which 43 (58%) resulted in live birth, 25 (34%) in termination of pregnancy, and 6 (8%) in miscarriage or perinatal death. Even minimal (95th percentile--3.4 mm) increase in NT thickness is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome also in euploid fetuses. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  16. A Single-institution Experience with Open Irreversible Electroporation for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Yan, Li; Chen, Yong-Liang; Su, Ming; Liu, Tian; Xu, Kai; Liang, Feng; Gu, Wan-Qing; Lu, Shi-Chun

    2016-01-01

    Background: Locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma (LAPC) is characterized by poor prognosis despite recommended concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) has emerged as a potential option for the management of unresectable pancreatic cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and short-term efficacy of open IRE for the treatment of LAPC. Methods: Retrospective data of 25 consecutive patients receiving IRE for T3 lesions from July 2015 to June 2016 at a single center were analyzed. The perioperative and long-term IRE-related complications were reviewed to evaluate the safety of the procedure. The tumor reduction and biological response were analyzed through computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging; the serum level of CA19-9 was measured as a secondary endpoint to evaluate the short-term efficacy of IRE. Results: All patients were successfully treated; the median tumor size was 4.2 cm and the median IRE time was 36 min. Four intraoperative procedure-related complications were observed (16%): two transient hypertensive episodes, one hypotension case, and one transient supraventricular tachycardia case. Nine postoperative complications were described, including three Grade A pancreatic fistulas, three delayed gastric emptying, one acute pancreatitis, one upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and one portal vein thrombosis. The overall rate of stable disease was 28%, 36% achieved partial response, and lower serum CA19-9 levels were recorded in all patients at discharge. Conclusions: IRE is feasible for the treatment of LAPC and is a reasonable intervention strategy owing to its combined attributes of safety and efficacy. PMID:27958223

  17. Stereotactic radiation therapy of brain metastases from colorectal cancer: A single institution cohort.

    PubMed

    Paix, A; Antoni, D; Adeduntan, R; Noël, G

    2017-05-01

    The brain remains an uncommon site of colorectal cancer metastases. Due to the improvement of overall colorectal cancer patient survival, the incidence of brain metastases will likely rise. We report the efficacy and safety of hypofractionnated stereotactic radiation therapy and stereotactic radiosurgery, and its role in colorectal cancer brain metastasis management. Between June 2010 and December 2014, fifteen consecutive patients received hypofractionnated stereotactic radiation therapy or stereotactic radiosurgery as first local therapy or following surgical removal for colorectal cancer brain metastases. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Secondary endpoints were brain progression free survival, in field control rates and safety. Median follow-up was 41 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: [8.9-73.1 months]), median overall survival was 8 months (95% CI [4.7-11.3 months]), and median brain progression-free survival was 5 months (95% CI [3.9-6.1 months]). Five in field recurrences were observed, which makes a control rate per metastases at 6 and 12 months of 77.8% (95% CI [74.34%-81.26%]), 51.9% (95% CI [44.21%-59.59%]) respectively. Over the 19 treatment sequences, five in field recurences were observed: 6, 12 and 18 months control rate per treatment sequence were 93.3% (95% CI [90.42%-96.18%]), 68.1% (95% CI [62.03%-74.17%]) and 45.4% (95% CI [36.14%-54.66%]) respectively. Immediate tolerance was good with no toxicity grade III or more. Long-term toxicity included two radionecrosis among which, one was symptomatic. The results of this retrospective analysis suggest that hypofractionnated stereotactic radiation therapy and stereotactic radiosurgery are effective and safe treatment modalities for single and multiple small brain metastases from colorectal cancer. However, results need to be confirmed by multicenter, collected data. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  18. Salvage chemotherapy using gemcitabine for taxane/platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer: a single institutional experience.

    PubMed

    Yoshino, Kiyoshi; Hiramatsu, Kosuke; Enomoto, Takayuki; Fujita, Masami; Ueda, Yutaka; Kimura, Toshihiro; Kobayashi, Eiji; Kiyohara, Yumiko; Tsutsui, Tateki; Kimura, Tadashi

    2012-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to report on the safety and efficacy of gemcitabine used as salvage chemotherapy for ovarian cancer. From January 2002 to October 2011, 27 patients were treated with gemcitabine for platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer. Gemcitabine (800 mg/m(2)) was given on days 1, 8, and 15 of every 28 days. The patients' medical records were retrospectively reviewed. All 27 patients had previously received paclitaxel/carboplatin doublet and their disease had become platinum-resistant. The median number of previous chemotherapy regimens was 2 (range 1-7). A total of 114 cycles of single-agent gemcitabine were administered, with a median of 3 (range 1-10). No complete responses were observed. Partial response (PR) was observed in five patients (18.5%). Eight patients demonstrated stable disease (SD). The median duration of response for 5 responders was 4 months (range 2-6 months). The median survival time was 15 months. Patients with PR or SD (n=13) had significantly better survival compared with the group with progressive disease (n=14) (p=0.03, by univariate analysis). In addition, multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that responses to gemcitabine were a significant factor for survival (hazard ratio=0.08, 95% confidence interval=0.0138 to 0.5614, p=0.01). Cases with hematological toxicity included 10 patients (37.0%) with grade 3/4 neutropenia, 3 patients (11.1%) with grade 3 thrombocytopenia, and 3 patients (11.1%) with grade 3 anemia. Non-hematological toxicity was well-tolerated. Gemcitabine (800 mg/m(2)) used for recurrent ovarian cancer possesses a modest activity and a well-tolerated toxicity.

  19. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas--presentation, management and outcome in a single neurosurgical institution.

    PubMed

    Clark, S; Powell, G; Kandasamy, J; Lee, M; Nahser, H; Pigott, T

    2013-08-01

    To compare the outcome, with respect to treatment modality, of patients treated with spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF). Retrospective cohort study of patients with SDAVF assessed at a single tertiary referral centre, between 1999 and 2009. Intervention type, pre-/ post-intervention Aminoff-Logue disability score (ALDS) and recurrence rate were obtained from medical records. 26 patients were identified with 23 receiving intervention. All patients initially received super selective angiogram, with 13 undergoing endovascular embolization at this stage, after discussion between the surgeon and interventional radiologist. Six patients who underwent embolization had a recurrence. The remaining 10 patients had fistulas marked during angiography, and were then treated surgically, after discussion. One of these recurred. The difference in recurrence rate between the two intervention types was not statistically significant. Fistulas treated with the embolization material onyx were twice as likely to recur as those treated with the alternative material, histoacryl-lipiodol. There was a statistically significant difference between the modes of intervention in relation to clinical outcome. Surgeries lead to an improvement in neurology, whereas treatment via embolization did not. Neurological improvement was seen in non-recurring cases, however deterioration in neurological function occurred with fistula recurrence. Super selective angiography is effective in defining the relevant vascular anatomy and allows for precise fistula localization during any potential subsequent surgery. Onyx was associated with a higher recurrence rate, suggesting it is less suitable as an embolization material for SDAVF treatment. Surgery appeared to correlate to reversal of neurological impairment seen at presentation, possibly due to a lower recurrence rate. The study is limited by small patient numbers, emphasizing the need for further studies of SDAVF patients.

  20. Venous thromboembolism in pediatric patients: a single institution experience in Korea

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Chang Won; Kim, Heon Min; Park, Hye Won

    2016-01-01

    Background While venous thromboembolism (VTE) is uncommon, its incidence is increasing in children. We aimed to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, treatment, and outcome of pediatric VTE cases at a single tertiary hospital in Korea. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the records of consecutive pediatric VTE patients admitted to the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between April 2003 and March 2016. Results Among 70,462 hospitalizations, 25 pediatric VTE cases were identified (3.27 cases per 10,000 admissions). Fifteen patients (60%) were male, 8 were neonates (32%), and the median age at diagnosis was 10.9 years (range, 0 days‒17 yr). Doppler ultrasonography was the most frequently used imaging modality. Thrombosis occurred in the intracerebral (20%), upper venous (64%), lower venous (12%), and combined upper and lower venous systems (4%). Twenty patients (80%) had underlying clinical conditions including venous catheterization (24%), malignancy (20%), and systemic diseases (12%). Protein C, protein S, and antithrombin deficiencies occurred in 2 of 13, 4 of 13, and 1 of 14 patients tested, respectively. Six patients were treated with heparin followed by warfarin, while 4 were treated with heparin or warfarin. Thrombectomy and inferior vena cava filter and/or thrombolysis were performed in 5 patients. Two patients died of pulmonary embolism, and 2 developed a post-thrombotic syndrome. Conclusion Compared with the reports from Western countries, VTE occurrence was lower in the Korean pediatric population under study, although similar clinical characteristics including bimodal age distribution, underlying diseases, treatment pattern, and outcomes were observed. PMID:27722126

  1. Radiotherapy for brainstem gliomas in children and adults: A single-institution experience and literature review.

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Kenji; Sulaiman, Nor Shazrina; Miyawaki, Daisuke; Ejima, Yasuo; Nishimura, Hideki; Ishihara, Takeaki; Matsuo, Yoshiro; Nishikawa, Ryo; Sasayama, Takashi; Hayakawa, Akira; Kohmura, Eiji; Sasaki, Ryohei

    2017-04-01

    To evaluate the treatment results of radiotherapy (RT) in children and adults with brainstem gliomas (BSGs) and review the previous literature. Thirty patients (14 children, 16 adults) with BSG treated using RT were retrospectively evaluated. The median ages of the children and adults were 8 years (range: 2-16 years) and 49 years (range: 19-75 years), respectively. A histological diagnosis was obtained in 11 patients. The median total radiation dose was 56 Gy (range: 50-70 Gy) with a single fraction size of 1.8-2.0 Gy. Temozolomide was administered concurrently with RT in 14 patients. Tumor progression after RT occurred in 26 patients (14 children and 12 adults). Four adults survived without tumor progression. The median survival times for children and adults were 8.5 and 39 months, respectively. The 1-, 2- and 3-year overall survival rates for children/adults were 29%/75%, 14%/68% and 0%/53%, respectively (P = 0.001), and the 1-, 2- and 3-year progression-free survival rates for children/adults were 14%/69%, 0%/49% and 0%/35%, respectively (P < 0.001). Grade 3 or higher acute and late toxicities did not occur. In this study, the prognosis of children with BSGs was considerably poorer than that of adults, and our results are consistent with those of previous studies. Efforts should be made to improve the survival outcomes of patients with BSGs, especially children. © 2016 The Authors. Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology Published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  2. Clinical outcome of high-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy in vulvar cancer: A single institutional experience.

    PubMed

    Mahantshetty, Umesh; Naga, Pushpa; Engineer, Reena; Sastri, Supriya; Ghadi, Yogesh; Upreti, Udita; Somesan, Vijaya; Kadam, Sudarshan; Kohle, Satish; Deshpande, Deepak; Shrivastava, Shyam Kishore

    With an aim to evaluate and report high dose date interstitial brachytherapy (HDR-ISBT) in vulvar cancers, we undertook this retrospective analysis. Histologically proven vulvar cancers treated with HDR-ISBT between 2001 and 2016 were analyzed. Radiotherapy details, clinical outcome in terms of local control rates, survivals, and toxicities were evaluated. A total of 38 patients received HDR-ISBT, with definitive radiation in 29 (76.3%), adjuvant postoperative in six (15.8%) and salvage radiation in three (7.9%) patients. Of them, 29 patients received brachytherapy boost and nine patients ISBT alone. BT procedure included freehand plastic tube technique in 23 (single [n = 5] or multiple plane [n = 18]), 13 patients with template based and two patients combined approach. Patients with brachytherapy alone received median EQD2 of 38.4 Gy10 (35.5-46.7 Gy10), as boost received median 23.3 Gy10 (13-37.3 Gy10). At 3-month post-treatment response evaluation, 30 patients achieved clinically complete response, two patients partial response and six maintained postoperative status. With a median follow-up of 30 months, 29 (76.3%) were disease free, and 9 (23.7%) patients had relapsed disease with four patients expired due to disease and two died of other causes. The 5-year overall survival, disease free survival, and local control rates were 82%, 51%, and 77%, respectively. HDR-ISBT in vulvar cancer is a feasible and a viable option with acceptable and comparable outcomes. Copyright © 2016 American Brachytherapy Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Clinical characteristics, molecular profile and outcomes of myeloid sarcoma: a single institution experience over 13 years.

    PubMed

    Kaur, Varinder; Swami, Arjun; Alapat, Daisy; Abdallah, Al Ola; Motwani, Pooja; Hutchins, Laura F; Jethava, Yogesh

    2017-06-02

    Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is characterized by extramedullary infiltration by immature myeloid cells. Owing to rarity of this disease, the clinical features and overall outcomes are yet to be clarified. To define clinical characteristics, epidemiology, pathologic findings, treatment options and outcomes in MS. We conducted a retrospective review of 23 patients diagnosed with MS at our institute over a period of 13 years (2002-2015). MS presented mostly as a manifestation of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia, seen in 39% of patients. Skin and subcutaneous soft tissues were the most common sites of anatomic involvement (69.5%). Ninety five percent (n = 19) were positive for classical myeloid markers with either cytochemical staining (chloracetate-esterase, MPO), flow-cytometry (CD33, CD34, CD13 and CD117), or immunohistochemistry (CD34, CD43, CD68 and lysozyme). Of these, 52% were positive for CD33 (n = 12), 35% for CD68 (n = 8), 30% for CD34 (n = 7), and 26% for lysozyme (n = 6). Cytogenetic abnormalities were seen in 63% (n = 12/19) patients on bone-marrow aspirate, with five patients displaying a complex (n = 3) or monosomal (n = 2) karyotype. Twenty seven percent patients with a normal karyotype had presence of deleterious mutations (FLT3, ASXL, STAG and JAK2) on further testing with myeloid mutation panel. The Median overall survival (OS) of the entire cohort was 15.9 months (95% CI, 7.4-24.4 months). The OS was significantly better for patients <65 years (24.6 vs. 3.4 months, p = 0.009) of age, and for those attaining a complete remission (CR) to induction therapy (25.7 vs. 0.8 months, p < 0.001). All patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant attained long-term remissions, with a median follow-up of 54 (range 32-120) months. Failure to achieve CR with induction therapy, and age >65 years are associated with poor outcomes in MS. Allogeneic stem-cell transplant in first remission appears to be the most

  4. Multimodality imaging and clinical features in Castleman disease: single institute experience in 30 patients

    PubMed Central

    Tirumani, S H; Rosenthal, M H; Shinagare, A B; Carrasco, R D; Munshi, N C; Ramaiya, N H; Howard, S A

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To analyse imaging features of subtypes of Castleman disease (CD), emphasizing differentiating features from lymphoma. Methods: Institutional review board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant, retrospective study examined 30 patients with CD. 30 patients (females, 20; mean age, 46 years; range, 22–87 years) with histopathologically confirmed CD and pre-treatment imaging formed the analytic cohort. Imaging at presentation in all patients [CT, 30; positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, 5; MR, 4; ultrasound, 3] and subsequent imaging in three cases that developed lymphoma was reviewed by two radiologists in consensus. Results: Subtypes: hyaline-vascular (n = 18); multicentric not otherwise specified (NOS) (n = 6); human herpesvirus 8 associated (n = 2); mixed unicentric (n = 2); pure plasma-cell variant (n = 1); and unicentric NOS (n = 1). Distribution: unicentric (n = 17); and multicentric (n = 13). Nodal sites—unicentric: 13 thoracic, 3 abdominal and 1 cervical; multicentric: 9 abdominal, 8 thoracic, 6 cervical, 5 inguinal, 4 axillary and 4 supraclavicular. On CT, differentiating features from lymphoma were calcification (n = 8; 26.7%) and heterogeneous enhancement (n = 5; 19.2%). No association between CD subtype, degree or enhancement pattern, or calcification was noted. On PET/CT (n = 5), nodes were typically fluorine-18 fludeoxyglucose avid (n = 4). On ultrasound (n = 3), nodes were hypoechoic, homogeneous with posterior acoustic enhancement. On MR (n = 4), nodes were hypointense (n = 2) to isointense (n = 2) on T1 weighted images and isointense (n = 1) to hyperintense (n = 3) on T2 weighted images. All (n = 4) demonstrated homogeneous enhancement. Three cases developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, two of the three had larger spleens, and these cases had effusions/ascites. Conclusion: CD can be unicentric or multicentric and involve nodes

  5. Ultrasound surveillance for thyroid malignancies in survivors of childhood cancer following radiotherapy: a single institutional experience.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhe; Franklin, Jason; Zelcer, Shayna; Sexton, Tracy; Husein, Murad

    2014-12-01

    Survivors of childhood cancer (SCC) who have received radiotherapy to the head, neck, and upper thorax are at higher risk of developing subsequent thyroid malignancies. As part of the post treatment long-term follow-up protocol, the current Children's Oncology Group guideline recommends surveillance by annual palpation; however, thyroid nodules are difficult to detect by physical examinations alone, and potentially malignancy-harboring nodules may be undetected. Since thyroid ultrasound is a sensitive and noninvasive procedure, it was incorporated in our institutional follow-up protocol. The aim of this study was to examine the outcome of ultrasound screening in this high-risk population. The following describes our experience from 2007 to 2013. A retrospective chart review was conducted on survivors enrolled in our follow-up program. SCC who have received direct or scattered radiation to the thyroid gland, and who were ≥10 years from the diagnosis of primary childhood cancer were considered to be at-risk. Seventy-eight survivors met the inclusion criteria and were screened. Thyroid ultrasound detected thyroid nodule(s) in 46 patients (59%), 17 of which had nodule(s) between 5 and 10 mm (22%), and 15 patients had nodules ≥10 mm (19%). Fourteen patients (18%) underwent fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Six patients (8%) underwent surgery, and 5 (6%) had confirmed papillary carcinoma. At the time of the first ultrasound, thyroid nodules of various sizes were found. However, over time, these nodules demonstrated slow growth rates. Incorporation of thyroid ultrasound into routine follow-up of high-risk SCC may aid in the detection of thyroid malignancies that are not clinically apparent. The use of ultrasound allows detailed characterization of the thyroid nodule and reliable monitoring of nodule progression. In SCC without suspicious nodule(s), it may be reasonable to perform screening ultrasounds less frequently due to the slow growth rate of thyroid nodules

  6. Use of Retrievable Compared to Permanent Inferior Vena Cava Filters: A Single-Institution Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Ha, Thuong G. Van Chien, Andy S.; Funaki, Brian S.; Lorenz, Jonathan; Piano, Giancarlo; Shen, Maxine; Leef, Jeffrey

    2008-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to review the use, safety, and efficacy of retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters in their first 5 years of availability at our institution. Comparison was made with permanent filters placed in the same period. A retrospective review of IVC filter implantations was performed from September, 1999, to September, 2004, in our department. These included both retrievable and permanent filters. The Recovery nitinol and Guenther tulip filters were used as retrievable filters. The frequency of retrievable filter used was calculated. Clinical data and technical data related to filter placement were reviewed. Outcomes, including pulmonary embolism, complications associated with placement, retrieval, or indwelling, were calculated. During the study period, 604 IVC filters were placed. Of these, 97 retrievable filters (16%) were placed in 96 patients. There were 53 Recovery filter and 44 Tulip filter insertions. Subjects were 59 women and 37 men; the mean age was 52 years, with a range of from 18 to 97 years. The placement of retrievable filters increased from 2% in year 1 to 32% in year 5 of the study period. The total implantation time for the permanent group was 145,450 days, with an average of 288 days (range, 33-1811 days). For the retrievable group, the total implantation time was 21,671 days, with an average of 226 days (range, 2-1217 days). Of 29 patients who returned for filter retrieval, the filter was successfully removed in 28. There were 14 of 14 successful Tulip filter retrievals and 14 of 15 successful Recovery filter retrievals. In one patient, after an indwelling period of 39 days, a Recovery nitinol filter could not be removed secondary to a large clot burden within the filter. For the filters that were removed, the mean dwell time was 50 days for the Tulip type and 20 days for the Recovery type. Over the follow-up period there was an overall PE incidence of 1.4% for the permanent group and 1% for the retrieval group. In

  7. Use of retrievable compared to permanent inferior vena cava filters: a single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Van Ha, Thuong G; Chien, Andy S; Funaki, Brian S; Lorenz, Jonathan; Piano, Giancarlo; Shen, Maxine; Leef, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to review the use, safety, and efficacy of retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters in their first 5 years of availability at our institution. Comparison was made with permanent filters placed in the same period. A retrospective review of IVC filter implantations was performed from September, 1999, to September, 2004, in our department. These included both retrievable and permanent filters. The Recovery nitinol and Günther tulip filters were used as retrievable filters. The frequency of retrievable filter used was calculated. Clinical data and technical data related to filter placement were reviewed. Outcomes, including pulmonary embolism, complications associated with placement, retrieval, or indwelling, were calculated. During the study period, 604 IVC filters were placed. Of these, 97 retrievable filters (16%) were placed in 96 patients. There were 53 Recovery filter and 44 Tulip filter insertions. Subjects were 59 women and 37 men; the mean age was 52 years, with a range of from 18 to 97 years. The placement of retrievable filters increased from 2% in year 1 to 32% in year 5 of the study period. The total implantation time for the permanent group was 145,450 days, with an average of 288 days (range, 33-1811 days). For the retrievable group, the total implantation time was 21,671 days, with an average of 226 days (range, 2-1217 days). Of 29 patients who returned for filter retrieval, the filter was successfully removed in 28. There were 14 of 14 successful Tulip filter retrievals and 14 of 15 successful Recovery filter retrievals. In one patient, after an indwelling period of 39 days, a Recovery nitinol filter could not be removed secondary to a large clot burden within the filter. For the filters that were removed, the mean dwell time was 50 days for the Tulip type and 20 days for the Recovery type. Over the follow-up period there was an overall PE incidence of 1.4% for the permanent group and 1% for the retrieval group. In

  8. Practice Experiences at a Single Institutional Practice Site to Improve Advanced Pharmacy Practice Examination Performance

    PubMed Central

    Britton, Mark L.; Wheeler, Richard E.; Carter, Sandra M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To determine whether sequential assignment of students to the same facility for institutional practice experiences improves their advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) examination scores. Design. Student volunteers were assigned to the same healthcare facility for all institutional introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs) and advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). Other students completed institutional IPPEs and APPEs at separate healthcare facilities, ranging from 2 to 4 different facilities per student. APPE examination scores of students assigned to the same facility for all institutional learning experiences were compared with those of students assigned to more than 1 institutional practice site. Assessment. Holding grade point average constant, students assigned to the same facility for institutional IPPEs and APPEs scored 3 percentage points higher on the APPE institutional examination compared with students assigned to separate facilities for these experiences. Conclusion. Assigning students to the same facility for both institutional IPPEs and APPEs positively influenced knowledge-based APPE examination performance. PMID:24761021

  9. Univariate and multivariate models for the prediction of life-threatening complications in 586 cases of deep neck space infections: retrospective multi-institutional study.

    PubMed

    Mejzlik, J; Celakovsky, P; Tucek, L; Kotulek, M; Vrbacky, A; Matousek, P; Stanikova, L; Hoskova, T; Pazs, A; Mittu, P; Chrobok, V

    2017-09-01

    To identify deep neck infection factors related to life-threatening complications. This retrospective multi-institutional study comprised 586 patients treated for deep neck infections between 2002 and 2012. The statistical significance of variables associated with life-threatening complications of deep neck infections was assessed. During treatment, life-threatening complications occurred in 60 out of 586 cases. On univariate analysis, life-threatening complications were linked to: dyspnoea, neck movement disturbance and dysphonia (all p < 0.001); and parapharyngeal, anterior visceral or pretracheal deep neck involvement (all p < 0.002). Aetiology was significantly linked to tonsils (p < 0.001). Regarding infection type, fasciitis was a significant factor (p < 0.001). Candida albicans was a significant bacterial culture (p < 0.001). A multivariate step-wise model disclosed fewer significant variables: retropharyngeal space (p = 0.005) and major blood vessels area (p = 0.006) involvement, and bacterial culture C albicans (p < 0.001). It can be predicted that patients with deep neck infections, with neck movement disturbances, dysphonia, dyspnoea and swelling of the external neck, accompanied by severe pain, and inflammatory changes in the retropharyngeal space and large vessel areas, with culture-confirmed infection of C albicans, are likely to develop life-threatening complications.

  10. Multi-institutional retrospective analysis of learning curves on dosimetry and operation time before and after introduction of intraoperatively built custom-linked seeds in prostate brachytherapy.

    PubMed

    Ishiyama, Hiromichi; Satoh, Takefumi; Yorozu, Atsunori; Saito, Shiro; Kataoka, Masaaki; Hashine, Katsuyoshi; Nakamura, Ryuji; Tanji, Susumu; Masui, Koji; Okihara, Koji; Ohashi, Toshio; Momma, Tetsuo; Aoki, Manabu; Miki, Kenta; Kato, Masako; Morita, Masashi; Katayama, Norihisa; Nasu, Yasutomo; Kawanaka, Takashi; Fukumori, Tomoharu; Ito, Fumitaka; Shiroki, Ryoichi; Baba, Yuji; Inadome, Akito; Yoshioka, Yasuo; Takayama, Hitoshi; Hayakawa, Kazushige

    2016-01-01

    This multi-institutional retrospective analysis examined learning curves for dosimetric parameters and operation time after introduction of intraoperatively built custom-linked (IBCL) seeds. Data from consecutive patients treated with seed implantation before and after introduction of IBCL seeds (loose seed, n = 428; IBCL seed, n = 426) were collected from 13 centers. Dose-volume histogram parameters, operation times, and seed migration rates were compared before and after introduction of IBCL seeds. At the 1-month CT analysis, no significant differences were seen in dose to 90% of prostate volume between before and after IBCL seed introduction. No learning curve for dosimetry was seen. Prostate and rectal volume receiving at least 150% of prescription dose (V150 and RV150) were higher in the loose-seed group than in the IBCL-seed group. Operation time was extended by up to 10 min when IBCL seeds were used, although there was a short learning curve of about five patients. The percentage of patients with seed migration in the IBCL-seed group was one-tenth that in the loose-seed group. Our study revealed no dosimetric demerits, no learning curve for dosimetry, and a slightly extended operation time for IBCL seeds. A significant reduction in the rate of seed migration was identified in the IBCL-seed group.

  11. Family history record and hereditary cancer risk perception according to National Cancer Institute criteria in a Spanish medical oncology service: a retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Márquez-Rodas, Iván; López-Trabada, Daniel; Rupérez Blanco, Ana Belén; Custodio Cabello, Sara; Peligros Gómez, María Isabel; Orera Clemente, María; Calvo, Felipe A; Martín, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Identification of patients at risk of hereditary cancer is an essential component of oncology practice, since it enables clinicians to offer early detection and prevention programs. However, the large number of hereditary syndromes makes it difficult to take them all into account in daily practice. Consequently, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) has suggested a series of criteria to guide initial suspicion. It was the aim of this study to assess the perception of the risk of hereditary cancer according to the NCI criteria in our medical oncology service. We retrospectively analyzed the recordings of the family history in new cancer patients seen in our medical oncology service from January to November 2009, only 1 year before the implementation of our multidisciplinary hereditary cancer program. The family history was recorded in only 175/621 (28%) patients. A total of 119 (19%) patients met 1 or more NCI criteria (1 criterion, n = 91; 2 criteria, n = 23; 3 criteria, n = 4; and 4 criteria, n = 1), and only 14 (11.4%) patients were referred to genetic counseling. This study shows that few clinicians record the family history. The perception of the risk of hereditary cancer is low according to the NCI criteria in our medical oncology service. These findings can be explained by the lack of a multidisciplinary hereditary cancer program when the study was performed. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. Sarcopenia predicts survival outcomes among patients with urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract undergoing radical nephroureterectomy: a retrospective multi-institution study.

    PubMed

    Ishihara, Hiroki; Kondo, Tsunenori; Omae, Kenji; Takagi, Toshio; Iizuka, Junpei; Kobayashi, Hirohito; Hashimoto, Yasunobu; Tanabe, Kazunari

    2017-02-01

    We aimed to evaluate the effect of sarcopenia, a condition of low muscle mass, on the survival among patients who were undergoing radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UCUT). We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients with UCUT (cT[any]N0M0) who underwent RNU between 2003 and 2013 at our department and its affiliated institutions. Preoperative computed tomography images were used to calculate each patient's skeletal muscle index, an indicator of whole-body muscle mass. Sarcopenia was defined according to the sex-specific consensus definitions, based on the patient's skeletal muscle and body mass indexes. We analyzed the relapse-free survival (RFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS) after RNU to identify factors that predicted patient survival. A total of 137 patients were included, and 90 patients (65.7 %) were diagnosed with sarcopenia. Compared to the non-sarcopenic patients, the sarcopenic patients had a significant inferior 5-year RFS (48.8 vs. 79.6 %, p = 0.0002), CSS (57.1 vs. 92.6 %, p < 0.0001), and OS (48.2 vs. 90.6 %, p < 0.0001). Multivariate analyses revealed that sarcopenia was an independent predictor of shorter RFS, CSS, and OS (all, p < 0.0001). Sarcopenia was an independent predictor of survival among patients with UCUT who were undergoing RNU.

  13. Minilaparoscopic radical hysterectomy (mLPS-RH) vs laparoendoscopic single-site radical hysterectomy (LESS-RH) in early stage cervical cancer: a multicenter retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Fagotti, Anna; Ghezzi, Fabio; Boruta, David M; Scambia, Giovanni; Escobar, Pedro; Fader, Amanda N; Malzoni, Mario; Fanfani, Francesco

    2014-01-01

    To compare the perioperative outcomes of laparoendoscopic single-site radical hysterectomy (LESS-RH) and minilaparoscopic radical hysterectomy (mLPS-RH). Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Seven institutions in Italy. Forty-six patents with early cervical cancer (FIGO stage IA2-IB1/IIA1) were included in the study. Nineteen patients (41.3%) underwent LESS-RH, and 27 (58.7%) underwent mLPS-RH. Pelvic lymph node dissection was performed in all patients. In the LESS-RH group, all surgical procedures were performed through a single umbilical multichannel port. In the mLPS-RH group, the procedure was completed using a 5-mm umbilical optical trocar and 3 additional 3-mm ancillary trocars, placed suprapubically and in the left and right lower abdominal regions. There was no difference in clinicopathologic characteristics at the time of diagnosis between the LESS-RH and mLPS-RH groups. Median operative time was 270 minutes (range, 149-380 minutes) for LESS-RH, and was 180 minutes (range, 90-240 minutes) for mLPS-RH (p = .001). No further differences were detected between the 2 groups insofar as type of radical hysterectomy, number of lymph nodes removed, or perioperative outcomes. In the LESS-RH group, conversion to laparotomy was necessary in 1 patient (5.3%) because of external iliac vein injury, and in another patient, conversion to standard laparoscopy was required because of truncal obesity. In the mLPS-RH group, no conversions were observed; however, a repeat operation was performed to repair a ureteral injury. The percentage of patients discharged 1 day after surgery was significantly higher in the LESS-RH group (57.9%) compared with the mLPS-RH group (25.0%) (p = .03). After a median follow-up of 27 months (range, 9-73 months), only 1 patient, who had undergone mLPS-RH, experienced pelvic recurrence and died of the disease. Both LESS-RH and mLPS-RH are feasible ultra-minimally invasive approaches for performance of radical hysterectomy

  14. Value of image fusion using single photon emission computed tomography with integrated low dose computed tomography in comparison with a retrospective voxel-based method in neuroendocrine tumours.

    PubMed

    Amthauer, H; Denecke, T; Rohlfing, T; Ruf, J; Böhmig, M; Gutberlet, M; Plöckinger, U; Felix, R; Lemke, A J

    2005-07-01

    The objective was the evaluation of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with integrated low dose computed tomography (CT) in comparison with a retrospective fusion of SPECT and high-resolution CT and a side-by-side analysis for lesion localisation in patients with neuroendocrine tumours. Twenty-seven patients were examined by multidetector CT. Additionally, as part of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS), an integrated SPECT-CT was performed. SPECT and CT data were fused using software with a registration algorithm based on normalised mutual information. The reliability of the topographic assignment of lesions in SPECT-CT, retrospective fusion and side-by-side analysis was evaluated by two blinded readers. Two patients were not enrolled in the final analysis because of misregistrations in the retrospective fusion. Eighty-seven foci were included in the analysis. For the anatomical assignment of foci, SPECT-CT and retrospective fusion revealed overall accuracies of 91 and 94% (side-by-side analysis 86%). The correct identification of foci as lymph node manifestations (n=25) was more accurate by retrospective fusion (88%) than from SPECT-CT images (76%) or by side-by-side analysis (60%). Both modalities of image fusion appear to be well suited for the localisation of SRS foci and are superior to side-by-side analysis of non-fused images especially concerning lymph node manifestations.

  15. Radiosurgery in the management of brain metastasis: a retrospective single-center study comparing Gamma Knife and LINAC treatment.

    PubMed

    Tuleasca, Constantin; Negretti, Laura; Faouzi, Mohamed; Magaddino, Vera; Gevaert, Thierry; von Elm, Erik; Levivier, Marc

    2017-03-24

    OBJECTIVE The authors present a retrospective analysis of a single-center experience with treatment of brain metastases using Gamma Knife (GK) and linear accelerator (LINAC)-based radiosurgery and compare the results. METHODS From July 2010 to July 2012, 63 patients with brain metastases were treated with radiosurgery. Among them, 28 (with 83 lesions) were treated with a GK unit and 35 (with 47 lesions) with a LINAC. The primary outcome was local progression-free survival (LPFS), evaluated on a per-lesion basis. The secondary outcome was overall survival (OS), evaluated per patient. Statistical analysis included standard tests and Cox regression with shared-frailty models to account for the within-patient correlation. RESULTS The mean follow-up period was 11.7 months (median 7.9 months, range 1.7-32 months) for GK and 18.1 months (median 17 months, range 7.5-28.7 months) for LINAC. The median number of lesions per patient was 2.5 (range 1-9) in the GK group and 1 (range 1-3) in the LINAC group (p < 0.01, 2-sample t-test). There were more radioresistant lesions (e.g., melanoma) and more lesions located in functional areas in the GK group. Additional technical reasons for choosing GK instead of LINAC were limitations of LINAC movements, especially if lesions were located in the lower posterior fossa or multiple lesions were close to highly functional areas (e.g., the brainstem), precluding optimal dosimetry with LINAC. The median marginal dose was 24 Gy with GK and 20 Gy with LINAC (p < 0.01, 2-sample t-test). For GK, the actuarial LPFS rate at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 17 months was 96.96%, 96.96%, 96.96%, 88.1%, and 81.5%, remaining stable until 32 months. For LINAC the rate at 3, 6, 12, 17, 24, and 33 months was 91.5%, 91.5%, 91.5%, 79.9%, 55.5%, and 17.1% (log-rank p = 0.03). In the Cox regression with shared-frailty model, the risk of local progression in the LINAC group was almost twice that of the GK group (HR 1.92, p > 0.05). The mean OS was 16.0 months (95% CI 11

  16. Mitochondrial DNA quantification as a tool for embryo viability assessment: retrospective analysis of data from single euploid blastocyst transfers.

    PubMed

    Ravichandran, K; McCaffrey, C; Grifo, J; Morales, A; Perloe, M; Munne, S; Wells, D; Fragouli, E

    2017-06-01

    Does the amount of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in blastocyst biopsy specimens have the potential to serve as a biomarker of euploid embryo implantation ability, independent of morphology? The results of this study strongly suggest that elevated mtDNA levels, above a previously defined threshold, are strongly associated with blastocyst implantation failure and represent an independent biomarker of embryo viability. Improved methods of embryo selection are highly desirable in order to increase the efficiency of IVF treatment. At present, even the transfer of chromosomally normal embryos of high morphological grade cannot guarantee that a pregnancy will follow. Recently, it has been proposed that the quantity of mtDNA in embryonic cells may be an indicator of developmental potential, with higher levels of mtDNA associated with reduced implantation. However, thus far reported data sets have been relatively small and in some cases have lacked appropriate validation. This large, blinded, retrospective study involved the analysis of relative mtDNA levels in 1505 euploid blastocysts obtained from 490 couples undergoing preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy. Implantation outcomes were compared to mtDNA levels in order to determine the capacity of the method to predict viability and to assess the validity of previously established thresholds. DNA from blastocyst biopsy samples was amplified and then subjected to aneuploidy analysis using next generation sequencing or array comparative genomic hybridization. Only those embryos classified as chromosomally normal had their mtDNA levels assessed. This analysis was undertaken retrospectively using quantitative real-time PCR, without knowledge of the outcome of embryo transfer. Predictions of implantation failure, based upon mtDNA levels were subsequently compared to the observed clinical results. All cycles involved the transfer of a single embryo. Of all blastocysts analyzed, 9.2% (139/1505) contained mtDNA levels above a

  17. Perceptions of safety culture vary across the intensive care units of a single institution.

    PubMed

    Huang, David T; Clermont, Gilles; Sexton, J Bryan; Karlo, Crystal A; Miller, Rachel G; Weissfeld, Lisa A; Rowan, Kathy M; Angus, Derek C

    2007-01-01

    To determine whether safety culture factors varied across the intensive care units (ICUs) of a single hospital, between nurses and physicians, and to explore ICU nursing directors' perceptions of their personnel's attitudes. Cross-sectional surveys using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-ICU version, a validated, aviation industry-based safety culture survey instrument. It assesses culture across six factors: teamwork climate, perceptions of management, safety climate, stress recognition, job satisfaction, and work environment. Four ICUs in one tertiary care hospital. All ICU personnel. We conducted the survey from January 1 to April 1, 2003, and achieved a 70.2% response rate (318 of 453). We calculated safety culture factor mean and percent-positive scores (percentage of respondents with a mean score of > or =75 on a 0-100 scale for which 100 is best) for each ICU. We compared mean ICU scores by ANOVA and percent-positive scores by chi-square. Mean and percent-positive scores by job category were modeled using a generalized estimating equations approach and compared using Wald statistics. We asked ICU nursing directors to estimate their personnel's mean scores and generated ratios of their estimates to the actual scores.Overall, factor scores were low to moderate across all factors (range across ICUs: 43.4-74.9 mean scores, 8.6-69.4 percent positive). Mean and percent-positive scores differed significantly (p < .0083, Bonferroni correction) across ICUs, except for stress recognition, which was uniformly low. Compared with physicians, nurses had significantly lower mean working conditions and perceptions of management scores. ICU nursing directors tended to overestimate their personnel's attitudes. This was greatest for teamwork, for which all director estimates exceeded actual scores, with a mean overestimate of 16%. Significant safety culture variation exists across ICUs of a single hospital. ICU nursing directors tend to overestimate their personnel

  18. Gestational trophoblastic disease in the western region of Saudi Arabia (single-institute experience).

    PubMed

    Anfinan, Nisrin; Sait, Khalid; Sait, Hesham

    2014-09-01

    To estimate the prevalence of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) in the western region of Saudi Arabia, and to evaluate the success of treatment and the effect of age and risk group on survival. Between January 2001 and December 2010, all patients treated for GTD were identified from the King Abdulaziz University Hospital database. Patients with persistent disease were evaluated according to their clinical treatment outcomes. In total, 122 cases of GTD were identified in the database. Of these, 77 (63%) cases were diagnosed and received initial treatment at the study centre, resulting in an incidence of 1.26 cases per 1000 deliveries. The mean (±standard deviation) age of the study participants was 31.52 ± 10.8 years, mean gestational age at diagnosis was 12.42 ± 3.2 weeks, and mean follow-up for each patient was 24 months. There were 20 cases (26%) of persistent GTD after treatment. The majority of patients with low-risk disease were treated with single-agent methotrexate, with an overall success rate of 83%. The overall 5-year survival rate for all patients was 98%. Using the Wilcoxon (Gehan) test, risk group and age (cut-off 40 years) were not found to be significantly associated with survival (p=0.69). This single-institute study reports the first survival data for GTD for Saudi Arabia. However, the overall incidence of GTD in Saudi Arabia will be defined by establishment of a GTD registry. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Tumors of the foot and ankle: a single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Azevedo, Cristina P; Casanova, José M; Guerra, Marta G; Santos, António L; Portela, Maria I; Tavares, Paulo F

    2013-01-01

    Tumors of the foot and ankle are rare, and the particular clinicopathologic features, therapeutic approach, and outcomes in this setting are not well established. From January 2000 to December 2010, 72 patients with primary musculoskeletal tumors of the foot and ankle, both benign and malignant, were treated at a single institution. Of the 72 patients, 56% were female. The median age was 52 years. Of the 72 tumors, 62 (86.11%) were located in the foot and 10 were located in the ankle; 63 (87.5%) were soft tissue tumors and 9 (12.5%) were bone tumors. Overall, 56 (78%) were benign tumors and 16 (22%) were malignant tumors. The most frequent soft tissue and bone diagnosis was giant cell tumor. The median follow-up period was 49 months. The vast majority of the tumors were located in the foot. Benign tumors were dominant, outnumbering malignant tumors by more than 3 to 1. The diversity of the histologic benign types was evident, with giant cell tumor, angiomyoma, and lipoma the most frequent. Regarding the malignant tumors, a clear male predominance was present, the median age was 45 years, and the most frequent tumor was synoviosarcoma. The 9-year overall and disease-free survival rate was 65% and 40%, respectively.

  20. Pattern of trisomy 1q in hematological malignancies: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Djordjević, Vesna; Dencić-Fekete, Marija; Jovanović, Jelica; Drakulić, Danijela; Stevanović, Milena; Janković, Gradimir; Gotić, Mirjana

    2008-10-01

    An extra copy of 1q usually originates from the translocated unbalanced derivative chromosome, isochromosome, or "jumping translocation." We report a pattern of partial trisomies and unbalanced whole-arm translocations of 1q in 10 patients: 5 with myelodysplastic syndrome, 3 with acute myeloid leukemia, and a single patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and myeloproliferative syndrome. The trisomy of 1q was registered as the sole karyotype aberration in one patient, while it was accompanied by a limited number of additional chromosomal changes in nine patients. These patients are a subset of a larger group of 92 adults carrying a wide variety of chromosome 1 anomalies within a complex cytogenetic context observed over a period between 1994 and 2006 in a panel of 3,786 hematologic patients at the Institute of Hematology in Belgrade. Conventional cytogenetics was supplemented by fluorescence in situ hybridization with a probe specific for the paracentric region of 1q. Whole-arm 1q translocations involved chromosomes Y, 7, 14, 15, 16, and 19. This study suggests that gain of 1q as the sole cytogenetic abnormality may be sufficiently mutagenic to favor leukemogenesis and hematopoietic tissue degeneration (trilineage myelodysplasia).

  1. Nonintubated thoracoscopic lung resection: a 3-year experience with 285 cases in a single institution

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Ke-Cheng; Cheng, Ya-Jung; Hung, Ming-Hui; Tseng, Yu-Ding

    2012-01-01

    Objective Tracheal intubation with one-lung ventilation is considered mandatory for thoracoscopic surgery. This study reported the experience of thoracoscopic lung resection without endotracheal intubation in a single institution. Methods From August 2009 through July 2012, 285 consecutive patients were treated by nonintubated thoracoscopic surgery using epidural anesthesia, intrathoracic vagal blockade, and sedation for lobectomy, segmentectomy, or wedge resection in a tertiary medical center. The feasibility and safety of this technique were evaluated. Results The final diagnosis for surgery were primary lung cancer in 159 patients (55.8%), metastatic lung cancer in 17 (6.0%), benign lung tumor in 104 (36.5%), and pneumothorax in 5 (1.8%). The operative methods consisted of conventional (83.2%) and needlescopic (16.8%) thoracoscopic surgery. The operative procedures included lobectomy in 137 patients (48.1%), wedge resection in 132 (46.3%), and segmentectomy in 16 (5.6%). Collapse of the operative lung and inhibition of coughing were satisfactory in most of the patients. Fourteen (4.9%) patients required conversion to tracheal intubation because of significant mediastinal movement [5], persistent hypoxemia [2], dense pleural adhesions [2], ineffective epidural anesthesia [2], bleeding [2], and tachypnea [1]. One patient (0.4%) was converted to thoracotomy because of bleeding. No mortality was noted in our patients. Conclusions Nonintubated thoracoscopic lung resection is technically feasible and safe in selected patients. It can be a valid alternative in managing patients with pulmonary lesions. PMID:22934136

  2. In pursuit of the graft-versus-myeloma effect: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Galo-Hooker, Evelyn Gisella; Ruiz-Delgado, Guillermo José; Zamora-Ortiz, Gabriela; Velazquez-Sanchez-de-Cima, Sara; Ruiz-Arguelles, Guillermo José

    2013-03-01

    Partly because of a potential graft-versus-myeloma effect, allogeneic stem cell transplantation is a potentially curative treatment modality in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Initial attempts have been hampered by the high transplant-related mortality in this setting. With a reduction of toxicity, allogeneic transplant approaches with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) have been utilized, although they are subjected to continued disease progression and relapse following transplantation. We analyze here the experience of allografting four patients with MM in a single institution, along a 16-year period in which a total of 152 individuals were allografted, using an RIC regimen; three of the patients have had previous autografts. All patients engrafted successfully and a graft-versus-myeloma effect was shown in all of them. One patient relapsed in the face of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Three patients have died (two as a result of GVHD) and one is alive with a limited form of chronic GVHD. The graft-versus-myeloma effect can be induced by means of allogeneic transplantation but the morbidity and mortality associated with the procedure leads into a relatively small proportion of MM patients being cured.

  3. Traumatic brain injury due to gunshot wounds: a single institution's experience with 442 consecutive patients.

    PubMed

    Solmaz, Ilker; Kural, Cahit; Temiz, Cağlar; Seçer, Halil Ibrahim; Düz, Bülent; Gönül, Engin; Izci, Yusuf

    2009-07-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a gunshot wound is a complex injury with a broad spectrum of symptoms and high rates of mortality and morbidity. This study presents an evaluation of TBI caused by gunshot wounds presenting at a single institution and discusses possible predictive factors for the outcome of surgical intervention. The study sample consisted of 442 patients who underwent surgery for TBI over a 16-year period. All injuries were caused by gunshot wounds, such as bullets and shrapnel. All patients underwent surgical intervention. Almost all patients (99.3%) were male, and the mean patient age was 22.3 years. Wounds were caused by shrapnel in 68 percent of patients. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score at admission was below 8 in 116 patients (26.2%) and above 8 in 326 patients (73.8%). In total, 47 patients (10.6%) died despite surgical management, with diffuse brain injury the most common cause of death. Low GCS scores, ventricular injuries and bihemispheric injuries are correlated with poor prognosis. Early and less invasive surgery in conjunction with short transportation time to the hospital could decrease mortality rates.

  4. Poor Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilizers in Multiple Myeloma: a Single Institution Experience.

    PubMed Central

    Ruiz-Delgado, Guillermo J.; López-Otero, Avril; Hernandez-Arizpe, Ana; Ramirez-Medina, Aura; Ruiz-Argüelles., Guillermo J.

    2010-01-01

    In a single institution, in a group of 28 myeloma patients deemed eligible for autologous transplant, stem cell mobilization was attempted using filgrastim: 26 individuals were given 31 autografts employing 1–4 (median three) apheresis sessions, to obtain a target stem cell dose of 1 x 106 CD34 +ve viable cells / Kg of the recipient. The median number of grafted CD34 cells was 7.56 x 106 / Kg of the recipient; the range being 0.92 to 14.8. By defining as poor mobilizers individuals in which a cell collection of < 1 x 106 CD34 viable cells / Kg was obtained, a subset of eight poor mobilizers was identified; in two patients the autograft was aborted because of an extremely poor CD34 +ve cell yield (< 0.2 x 106 CD34 +ve viable cells / Kg of the recipient) after four apheresis sessions. The long-term overall survival of the patients grafted with > 1 x 106 CD34 +ve viable cells / Kg was better (80% at 80 months) than those grafted with < 1 x 106 CD34 +ve viable cells / Kg (67% at 76 months). Methods to improve stem cell mobilization are needed and may result in obtaining better results when autografting multiple myeloma patients. PMID:21415967

  5. Adult Supratentorial Low-Grade Glioma: Long-Term Experience at a Single Institution

    SciTech Connect

    Bauman, Glenn; Fisher, Barbara; Watling, Christopher; Cairncross, J. Gregory; Macdonald, David

    2009-12-01

    Purpose: To report the long-term follow-up of a cohort of adult patients with supratentorial low-grade glioma treated at a single institution. Methods and Materials: A cohort of 145 adult patients treated at the London Regional Cancer Program between 1979 and 1995 was reviewed. Results: With a median follow-up of 105 months, the median progression-free survival was 61 months (95% confidence interval, 53-77), and the median overall survival was 118 months (95% confidence interval, 93-129). The 10- and 20-year progression-free and overall survival rate was 18% and 0% and 48% and 22%, respectively. Cox regression analysis confirmed the importance of age, histologic type, presence of seizures, Karnofsky performance status, and initial extent of surgery as prognostic variables for overall and cause-specific survival. Function among long-term survivors without tumor progression was good to excellent for most patients. Conclusion: Low-grade glioma is a chronic disease, with most patients dying of their disease. However, long-term survival with good function is possible. Survival is determined primarily by the disease factors with selection and timing of adjuvant treatments having less influence on outcome.

  6. A contemporary, single-institutional experience of surgical versus expectant management of congenital heart disease in trisomy 13 and 18 patients.

    PubMed

    Costello, John P; Weiderhold, Allison; Louis, Clauden; Shaughnessy, Conner; Peer, Syed M; Zurakowski, David; Jonas, Richard A; Nath, Dilip S

    2015-06-01

    The objective of this study was to examine a large institutional experience of patients with trisomy 13 and trisomy 18 in the setting of comorbid congenital heart disease and present the outcomes of surgical versus expectant management. It is a retrospective single-institution cohort study. Institutional review board approved this study. Thirteen consecutive trisomy 18 patients and three consecutive trisomy 13 patients (sixteen patients in total) with comorbid congenital heart disease who were evaluated by our institution's Division of Cardiovascular Surgery between January 2008 and December 2013 were included in the study. The primary outcome measures evaluated were operative mortality (for patients who received surgical management), overall mortality (for patients who received expectant management), and total length of survival during follow-up. Of the thirteen trisomy 18 patients, seven underwent surgical management and six received expectant management. With surgical management, operative mortality was 29 %, and 80 % of patients were alive after a median follow-up of 116 days. With expectant management, 50 % of patients died before hospital discharge. Of the three patients with trisomy 13, one patient underwent surgical management and two received expectant management. The patient who received surgical management with complete repair was alive at last follow-up over 2 years after surgery; both patients managed expectantly died before hospital discharge. Trisomy 13 and trisomy 18 patients with comorbid congenital heart disease can undergo successful cardiac surgical intervention. In this population, we advocate that nearly all patients with cardiovascular indications for operative congenital heart disease intervention should be offered complete surgical repair over palliative approaches for moderately complex congenital cardiac anomalies.

  7. Racial Disparities in Colorectal Carcinoma Incidence, Severity and Survival Times Over 10 Years: A Retrospective Single Center Study

    PubMed Central

    Arshad, Hafiz Muhammad Sharjeel; Tetangco, Eula; Shah, Natasha; Kabir, Christopher; Raddawi, Hareth

    2016-01-01

    Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Although studies have been performed on malignancy behavior in African Americans and Caucasians, scant data are present on other minority racial groups. Methods A retrospective single center study was performed where 1,860 patient charts with a diagnosis of CRC from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2014 were reviewed. Data collected on each patient included age, gender, ethnicity, primary site and histological stage at the time of diagnosis. Survival time over the course of 5 years was documented for patients from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2009. Comparisons were made amongst different racial groups for the above mentioned factors. Results Study population consisted of 27.09% African Americans, 65.61% Caucasians, 3.86% Hispanics, 0.54% South Asians, 1.03% Arabs, 0.54% Asians and 0.22% American Indians. Mean age of CRC presentation was found to be significantly different (P < 0.05) between the three largest racial groups: 71 years for Caucasians, 69 years for African Americans, and 61 years for Hispanics. African Americans (27.09%) and Hispanics (28.79%) presented predominantly at stage IV in comparison to other racial groups. Caucasians presented predominantly at stage III (24.84%). The rectum was the most common site of CRC across all racial groups with the exception of Asians, where sigmoid colon was the predominant site (30%). Adenocarcinoma remained the predominant cancer type in all groups. Hispanics had relatively higher incidence rate of carcinoid tumor (12.68%). Survival time analysis showed that Caucasians tend to have better survival probability over 5 years after initial diagnosis as compared to African Americans and Hispanic (P < 0.05). Conclusion There is lack of studies performed on minority racial groups in North America. Our study highlighted some important clinical differences of CRC presentation in different racial groups which are not

  8. Takayasu arteritis in France: a single-center retrospective study of 82 cases comparing white, North African, and black patients.

    PubMed

    Arnaud, Laurent; Haroche, Julien; Limal, Nicolas; Toledano, Dan; Gambotti, Laetitia; Costedoat Chalumeau, Nathalie; Le Thi Huong Boutin, Du; Cacoub, Patrice; Cluzel, Philippe; Koskas, Fabien; Kieffer, Edouard; Piette, Jean-Charles; Amoura, Zahir

    2010-01-01

    We conducted a single-center retrospective study to compare the characteristics of Takayasu arteritis (TA) among white, North African, and black patients in a French tertiary care center (Hospital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris). Eighty-two patients were studied (82.9% female) during a median follow-up of 5.1 years (range, 1 mo to 30 yr). Among these 82 patients, 39 (47.6%) were white, 20 (24.4%) were North African, and 20 (24.4%) were black patients. Median age at diagnosis was 39.3 years (range, 14-70 yr) in white patients vs. 28.4 years (range, 12-54 yr) in North African (p = 0.02), and 28.0 years (range, 13-60 yr) in black patients (p = 0.08). Patients aged >40 years at TA onset were more frequently white than non-white (40.0% vs. 18.6%, p = 0.03). North African patients had more frequent occurrence of ischemic stroke (p = 0.03) and poorer survival (p = 0.01) than white patients. Type V of the Hata classification was the most frequent type among white (38.5%), North African (65.0%), and black patients (40.0%). Corticosteroids were used in 96.1% of patients. Fifty-three percent of white and North African patients, and 44% of black patients required a second line of immunosuppressive treatment (p = 0.60). Vascular surgical procedures were respectively performed in 46.1%, 50.0%, and 55.0% of white, North African, and black patients, p = 0.81. The 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 100% and 95.0%, respectively, in white patients; 67.4% at both 5 years and 10 years in North African patients; and 100% at both 5 years and 10 years in black patients. This study is one of the first direct comparisons of TA profiles among patients of distinct ethnic backgrounds. Our data support the idea that late-onset TA or an overlap between TA and large-vessel giant cell arteritis may be observed in white patients. North African patients have a higher occurrence of ischemic stroke and poorer survival than white patients.

  9. Efficacy and safety of super selective bronchial artery coil embolisation for haemoptysis: a single-centre retrospective observational study

    PubMed Central

    Ishikawa, Hideo; Hara, Masahiko; Ryuge, Misaki; Takafuji, Jun; Youmoto, Mihoko; Akira, Masanori; Nagasaka, Yukio; Kabata, Daijiro; Yamamoto, Kouji; Shintani, Ayumi

    2017-01-01

    Objectives Evidence on the safety and long-term efficacy of super selective bronchial artery embolisation (ssBAE) using platinum coils in patients with haemoptysis is insufficient. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the safety and the 3-year postprocedure haemoptysis-free survival rate of de novo elective ssBAE using platinum coils rather than particles for the treatment of haemoptysis. Design A single-centre retrospective observational study. Setting Hemoptysis and Pulmonary Circulation Center in Japan. Participants A total of 489 consecutive patients with massive and non-massive haemoptysis who underwent de novo elective ssBAE without malignancy or haemodialysis. Interventions ssBAE using platinum coils. All patients underwent CT angiography before the procedure for identifying haemoptysis-related arteries (HRAs) and for procedural planning. Primary and secondary outcome measures The composite of the 3-year recurrence of haemoptysis and mortality from the day of the last ssBAE session. Each component of the primary end point and procedural success defined as successful embolisation of all target HRAs were also evaluated. Results The median patient age was 69 years, and 46.4% were men. The total number of target vessels was 4 (quartile 2–7), and the procedural success rate was 93.4%. There were 8 (1.6%) major complications: 1 aortic dissection, 2 symptomatic cerebellar infarctions and 5 mediastinal haematoma cases. The haemoptysis-free survival rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier analysis at 86.9% (95% CI 83.7% to 90.2%) at 1 year, 79.4% (74.8% to 84.3%) at 2 years and 57.6% (45.1% to 73.4%) at 3 years. Although not statistically significant by the adjusted analysis of variance with multiple imputation of missing variables, cryptogenic haemoptysis tended to show the most favourable outcome and non-tuberculous mycobacterium showed the worst outcome (adjusted p=0.250). Conclusions We demonstrated the safety and long-term efficacy of

  10. Chromosomal abnormalities not currently detected by cell-free fetal DNA: a retrospective analysis at a single center.

    PubMed

    Shani, Hagit; Goldwaser, Tamar; Keating, Jennifer; Klugman, Susan

    2016-06-01

    Cell-free fetal DNA analysis is used as a screening test to identify pregnancies that are at risk for common autosomal and sex chromosome aneuploidies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the chromosomal abnormalities that would not be detected by cell-free fetal DNA in a single medical center. This was a retrospective cohort analysis of 3182 consecutive invasive diagnostic procedures that were performed at Montefiore Medical Center's Division of Reproductive and Medical Genetics from January 1, 2009 to August 31, 2014. All patients underwent cytogenetic analysis; one-third of the patients (1037/3182) went through chromosomal microarray analysis. Clinically significant chromosomal abnormalities were detected in 220 of 3140 cases (7%) after we excluded multiple gestation pregnancies (n = 42). Of these 125 cases (57%) were diagnosed with the common autosomal trisomies that involved chromosomes 21, 18, and 13 and with sex chromosome aneuploidies. There were 23 mosaic karyotypes; 8 of them involved trisomy in chromosomes 21 and 13; 5 of them were sex chromosome mosaics, and 10 of them were other mosaic cases. Five cases of triploidy were detected. Additionally, 19 unbalanced chromosomal rearrangements, a rare autosomal trisomy, and 47 clinically significant findings on chromosomal microarray analysis were diagnosed. Based on the published detection rates of cell-free fetal DNA testing and considering the "no-results" rate, we calculated that 99 of 220 chromosomal changes (45%) could not have been detected by cell-free fetal DNA testing: 16 of the 125 common aneuploidies and sex chromosome aneuploidies, 1 of the 5 triploidy cases, 15 of the 23 mosaic cases, all cases of unbalanced chromosomal rearrangements (n = 19), rare autosomal trisomy (n = 1), and 47 clinically significant chromosomal microarray abnormalities. Current cell-free DNA testing could not detect up to one-half of the clinically significant chromosomal abnormalities that were found, which

  11. Treatment costs associated with interventional cancer clinical trials conducted at a single UK institution over 2 years (2009-2010).

    PubMed

    Liniker, E; Harrison, M; Weaver, J M J; Agrawal, N; Chhabra, A; Kingshott, V; Bailey, S; Eisen, T G G; Corrie, P G

    2013-10-15

    The conduct of clinical trials should be an integral part of routine patient care. Treating patients in trials incurs additional costs over and above standard of care (SOC), but the extent of the cost burden is not known. We undertook a retrospective cost attribution analysis to quantitate the treatment costs associated with cancer clinical trial protocols conducted over a 2 year period. All patients entered into oncology (non-haematology) clinical trials involving investigational medicinal products in 2009 and 2010 in a single UK institution were identified. The trial protocols on which they were treated were analysed to identify the treatment costs for the experimental arm(s) of the trial and the equivalent SOC had the patient not been entered in the trial. The treatment cost difference was calculated by subtracting the experimental treatment cost from SOC cost. For randomised trials, an average treatment cost was estimated by taking into account the number of arms and randomisation ratio. An estimate of the annual treatment costs was calculated. A total of 357 adult oncology patients were treated on 53 different trial protocols: 40 phase III, 2 randomised II/III and 11 phase II design. A total of 27 trials were academic, non-commercial sponsored trials and 26 were commercial sponsored trials. When compared with SOC, the average treatment cost per patient was an excess of £431 for a non-commercial trial (range £6393 excess to £6005 saving) and a saving of £9294 for a commercial trial (range £0 to £71,480). There was an overall treatment cost saving of £388,719 in 2009 and £496,556 in 2010, largely attributable to pharmaceutical company provision of free drug supplies. On an average, non-commercial trial protocols were associated with a small per patient excess treatment cost, whereas commercial trials were associated with a substantially higher cost saving. Taking into account the total number of patients recruited annually, treatment of patients on

  12. Are Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) in the United States a Single Institutional Group? Evidence from Educational Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simms, Kathryn; Bock, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have been studied consistently as a single institutional group. However, at least ostensibly, HBCUs are relatively heterogeneous. Consequently, we evaluated the homogeneity of three educational outcomes that have been recognized as potentially distinguishing features of HBCUs (i.e., STEM major,…

  13. Are Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) in the United States a Single Institutional Group? Evidence from Educational Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simms, Kathryn; Bock, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have been studied consistently as a single institutional group. However, at least ostensibly, HBCUs are relatively heterogeneous. Consequently, we evaluated the homogeneity of three educational outcomes that have been recognized as potentially distinguishing features of HBCUs (i.e., STEM major,…

  14. Chronological changes in lung cancer surgery in a single Japanese institution

    PubMed Central

    Nakamura, Haruhiko; Sakai, Hiroki; Kimura, Hiroyuki; Miyazawa, Tomoyuki; Marushima, Hideki; Saji, Hisashi

    2017-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the chronological changes in epidemiological factors and surgical outcomes in patients with lung cancer who underwent surgery in a single Japanese institution. Patients and methods A clinicopathological database of patients with lung cancer who underwent surgery with curative intent from January 1974 to December 2014 was reviewed. The chronological changes in various factors, including patient’s age, sex, histological type, tumor size, pathological stage (p-stage), surgical method, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, 30-day mortality, and postoperative overall survival (OS), were evaluated. Results A total of 1,616 patients were included. The numbers of resected patients, females, adenocarcinomas, p-stage IA patients, and age at the time of surgery increased with time, but tumor size decreased (all P<0.0001). Concerning surgical methods, the number of sublobar resections increased, but that of pneumonectomies decreased (P<0.0001). The mean operative time, intraoperative blood loss, and the postoperative 30-day mortality rate decreased (all P<0.0001). When the patients were divided into two groups (1974–2004 and 2005–2014), the 5-year OS rates for all patients and for p-stage IA patients improved from 44% to 79% and from 73% to 89%, respectively (all P<0.0001). The best 5-year OS rate was obtained for sublobar resection (73%), followed by lobectomy (60%), combined resection (22%), and pneumonectomy (21%; P<0.0001). Conclusion Changes in epidemiological factors, a trend toward less invasive surgery, and a remarkably improved postoperative OS were confirmed, which demonstrated the increasingly important role of surgery in therapeutic strategies for lung cancer. PMID:28331339

  15. Acute pediatric encephalitis neuroimaging: single-institution series as part of the California encephalitis project.

    PubMed

    Bykowski, Julie; Kruk, Peter; Gold, Jeffrey J; Glaser, Carol A; Sheriff, Heather; Crawford, John R

    2015-06-01

    Diagnosing pediatric encephalitis is challenging because of varied clinical presentation, nonspecific neuroimaging features, and rare confirmation of causality. We reviewed acute neuroimaging of children with clinically suspected encephalitis to identify findings that may correlate with etiology and length of stay. Imaging of 141 children with clinically suspected encephalitis as part of The California Encephalitis Project from 2005 to 2012 at a single institution was reviewed to compare the extent of neuroimaging abnormalities to patient age, gender, length of stay, and unknown, possible, or confirmed pathogen. Scan review was blinded and categorized by extent and distribution of abnormal findings. Abnormal findings were evident on 23% (22/94) of computed tomography and 50% (67/134) of magnetic resonance imaging studies in the acute setting. Twenty children with normal admission computed tomography had abnormal findings on magnetic resonance imaging performed within 2 days. Length of stay was significantly longer among children with abnormal acute magnetic resonance imaging (P < 0.001) and correlated with increased complexity (Spearman rho = 0.4, P < 0.001) categorized as: no imaging abnormality, meningeal enhancement and/or focal nonenhancing lesion, multifocal lesions, confluent lesions, and lesions plus diffusion restriction, hemorrhage, or hydrocephalus. There was no correlation between neuroimaging findings and an identifiable pathogen (P = 0.8). Abnormal magnetic resonance imaging findings are more common than abnormal computed tomography findings in pediatric encephalitis. Increasing complexity of magnetic resonance imaging findings correlated with disease severity as evidenced by longer length of stay, but were not specific for an identifiable pathogen using a standardized diagnostic encephalitis panel. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Transfusion Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI): A Single Institution Experience of 15 Years.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Ramesh; Sedky, Mohammed Jaber; Varghese, Sunny Joseph; Sharawy, Osama Ebrahim

    2016-09-01

    Transfusion related acute Lung injury (TRALI) though a serious blood transfusion reaction with a fatality rate of 5-25 % presents with acute respiratory distress with hypoxaemia and noncardiac pulmonary oedema within 6 h of transfusion. In non fatal cases, it may resolve within 72 h or earlier. Although reported with an incidence of 1:5000, its true occurrence is rather unknown. Pathogenesis is believed to be related to sequestration and adhesion of neutrophils to the pulmonary capillary endothelium and its activation leading to its destruction and leaks. The patient's underlying condition, anti-neutrophil antibody in the transfused donor plasma and certain lipids that accumulate in routinely stores blood and components are important in its aetiopathogenesis. Patient's predisposing conditions include haematological malignancy, major surgery (especially cardiac), trauma and infections. The more commonly incriminated products include fresh frozen plasma (FFP), platelets (whole blood derived and apheresis), whole blood and Packed RBC. Occasional cases involving cryoprecipitate and Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVig) have also been reported. We present a 15 year single institution experience of TRALI, during which we observed 9 cases among 170,871 transfusions, giving an incidence of 1:19,000. We did not encounter cases of haematological malignancy or cardiac surgery in our TRALI patients. Among the blood products, that could be related to TRALI in our patients included solitary cases receiving cryoprecipitate, IVIg, and recombinant Factor VII apart from platelets and FFP. All patients were treated with oxygen support. Six patients required mechanical ventilation. Off label hydrocortisone was given to all patients. There were no cases of fatality among our patients.

  17. Nimotuzumab in combination with radiotherapy in high grade glioma patients: a single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Solomon, Maria Teresa; Miranda, Nederlay; Jorrín, Eugenia; Chon, Ivonne; Marinello, Jorge Juan; Alert, José; Lorenzo-Luaces, Patricia; Crombet, Tania

    2014-05-01

    Nimotuzumab, a humanized antibody targeting epidermal growth factor receptor, has potent anti-proliferative, anti-angiogenic, and pro-apoptotic effects in vitro and in vivo. It also reduces the number of radio-resistant CD133(+) glioma stem cells. The antibody has been extensively evaluated in patients with advanced head and neck, glioma, lung, esophageal, pancreatic, and gastric cancer. In this single institution experience, 35 patients with anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) or glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) were treated with irradiation and 200 mg doses of nimotuzumab. The first 6 doses were administered weekly, together with radiotherapy, and then treatment continued every 21 days until 1 year. The median number of doses was 12, and the median cumulative dose was thus 2400 mg of nimotuzumab. The most frequent treatment-related toxicities were increase in liver function tests, fever, nausea, anorexia, asthenia, dizziness, and tremors. These adverse reactions were classified as mild and moderate. The median survival time was 12.4 mo or 27.0 mo for patients with GBM or AA patients, respectively, who received curative-intent radiotherapy in combination with the antibody. The survival time of a matched population treated at the same hospital with irradiation alone was decreased (median 8.0 and 12.2 mo for GBM and AA patients, respectively) compared with that of the patients who received nimotuzumab and curative-intent radiotherapy. We have thus confirmed that nimotuzumab is a very well-tolerated drug, lacking cumulative toxicity after maintenance doses. This study, in a poor prognosis population, validates the previous data of survival gain after combining nimotuzumab and radiotherapy, in newly diagnosed high-grade glioma patients.

  18. Risk Factor Analysis for 30-Day Mortality After Primary THA in a Single Institution.

    PubMed

    Comba, Fernando; Alonso Hidalgo, Ignacio; Buttaro, Martín; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and associated risk factors for, 30-day perioperative death following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Data of all the patients were compiled from the computerized total joint registry at a single institution. Between May 1993 and May 2006, 3,232 consecutive primary THA (2,453 elective and 779 nonelective) were performed. Eleven deaths occurred during the first month after surgery (0.34 %). Thirty-day mortality rate after elective THA was 0.08 % (two of 2,453 IC 95 %(0-0.4)). The 30-day mortality rate after nonelective THA was 1.15 % (nine of 779 IC 95 %(0.7-2.4). To analyze the factors that could have contributed with death, we conducted a 4-to-1 nested case-control study. Control cases were strictly matched by sex, age, surgeon, prosthesis fixation mode, and date of surgery. Conditional logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of risk factors with mortality. Elective surgery was associated with a lower risk of mortality with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.07 (95 % CI 0.008-0.6);p = 0.015. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score III-IV increased the mortality risk 13 times (OR 13.7; 95 % CI 1.6-114.8). Cardiovascular disease increased the risk for mortality eight times (OR 8.83 (95 % CI 1.78-43.6). Time delay before surgery showed a trend towards significance (p = 0.06). Aggressive vs. nonaggressive thromboembolism prophylaxis and the amount of blood transfusions required were not associated with a higher risk of death. Patients undergoing a THA due to fractures, patients with high ASA score, and those with cardiovascular disease were the highest risk factors for 30-day mortality after primary THA.

  19. Ventricular conduction defects after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a single-institute analysis.

    PubMed

    Kawaguchi, Akira T; D'Allessandro, Cosimo; Collet, Jean Philippe; Cluzel, Philippe; Makri, Ralouka; Leprince, Pascal

    2015-05-01

    Patients with aortic stenosis tend to develop ventricular conduction problems, which are known adverse events following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Changes in ventricular conduction status after TAVI were analyzed in 195 consecutive patients from a single institute registered in FRANCE2 between February 2010 and June 2012. Among the 195 patients, 29 had a prior pacemaker implantation (+PM) and 6 had acute catastrophic hemodynamics that made a full electrocardiogram (ECG) unavailable. Among the remaining 160, PM was newly required in 28 (17.5%, PM+) but not in 132 (PM-), which included 21 (13.1%) who developed new left bundle branch block (BBB), 12 (7.5%) had right BBB, and 99 (61.9%) had no change. While PM requirement had no correlation with preoperative factors, there was significant association with the development of right BBB with Edwards Sapien/XT (P = 0.003), and new left BBB (P = 0.012) and complete heart block requiring PM with CoreValve (22.6% vs. Edwards Sapien/XT, 7.4%, P = 0.016). Whereas postoperative survival regarding PM status (+PM, PM+, PM-), vascular access, valve size or type showed no difference, delayed heart block (n = 12, Day 2 or later) was associated with poor survival (P = 0.038) compared with the remaining PM+ patients with earlier onset (n = 16, Day 0 or 1). As a result, PM+ patients (n = 28) had significantly longer intensive care unit (ICU) stay and hospitalization than PM- or +PM patients. The results suggest that ventricular conduction problems requiring PM occurred more frequently after TAVI (17.5%) than with usual surgical replacement. Nonetheless, conduction problems failed to influence postoperative survival for up to 3 years on average with use of PM, but therefore did increase medical costs. Copyright © 2015 International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Hepatocellular carcinoma surgery outcomes in the developing world: A 20-year retrospective cohort study at the National Cancer Institute of Peru.

    PubMed

    Ruiz, Eloy; Rojas Rojas, Teresa; Berrospi, Francisco; Chávez, Ivan; Luque, Carlos; Cano, Luis; Doimi, Franco; Pineau, Pascal; Deharo, Eric; Bertani, Stéphane

    2016-01-01

    In the developing world, most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma present with advanced-stage disease, considered to be incurable based on current therapeutic algorithms. Here, we demonstrate that curative liver resection is achievable in a portion of Peruvian patients not addressed by these treatment algorithms. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 253 hepatocellular carcinoma patients that underwent a curative hepatectomy between 1991 and 2011 at the National Cancer Institute of Peru. The median age of the cohort was 36 years, and merely 15.4% of the patients displayed cirrhosis. The average tumor size was over 14 cm in diameter, resulting in 76.3% of major hepatectomies performed. The 5- and 10-year survival probability estimates were 37.5% and 26.2%, respectively. Age (>44 vs. ≤44 years old; P = 0.005), tumor size (>10 cm vs. ≤10 cm in diameter; P = 0.009), cirrhosis (P < 0.001), satellite lesions (P < 0.001), macroscopic vascular invasion (P < 0.001), allogeneic blood transfusion (P = 0.011), and spontaneous rupture of the tumor (P = 0.006) were independent predictive factors for prognosis. Hepatocellular carcinomas in Peru are characterized by a distinct clinical presentation with notable features compared with those typically described throughout relevant literature. Despite a large number of advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinomas, the outcomes of liver resection observed in the present study were in good standing with the results previously described in other series. It thus appears that staging systems and associated therapeutic algorithms designed for use in the developed world remain inadequate in certain populations, especially in the context of Peruvian patients. Our findings suggest that clinicians in the developing world should reconsider management guidelines pertaining to hepatocellular carcinoma. Indeed, we hypothesize that, in developing countries, a strict adherence to these therapeutic algorithms might create a selection bias

  1. Workplace interpersonal conflicts among the healthcare workers: Retrospective exploration from the institutional incident reporting system of a university-affiliated medical center

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Szu-Fen; Liang, Huey-Wen; Chen, Li-Chin; Lin, Chia-Kuei; Huang, Hsiao-Fang; Hsieh, Ming-Yuan; Sun, Jui-Sheng

    2017-01-01

    Objective There have been concerns about the workplace interpersonal conflict (WIC) among healthcare workers. As healthcare organizations have applied the incident reporting system (IRS) widely for safety-related incidents, we proposed that this system might provide a channel to explore the WICs. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the reports to the IRS from July 2010 to June 2013 in a medical center. We identified the WICs and typed these conflicts according to the two foci (task content/process and interpersonal relationship) and the three properties (disagreement, interference, and negative emotion), and analyzed relevant data. Results Of the 147 incidents with WIC, the most common related processes were patient transfer (20%), laboratory tests (17%), surgery (16%) and medical imaging (16%). All of the 147 incidents with WIC focused on task content or task process, but 41 (27.9%) also focused on the interpersonal relationship. We found disagreement, interference, and negative emotion in 91.2%, 88.4%, and 55.8% of the cases, respectively. Nurses (57%) were most often the reporting workers, while the most common encounter was the nurse-doctor interaction (33%), and the majority (67%) of the conflicts were experienced concurrently with the incidents. There was a significant difference in the distribution of worker job types between cases focused on the interpersonal relationship and those without (p = 0.0064). The doctors were more frequently as the reporter when the conflicts focused on the interpersonal relationship (34.1%) than not on it (17.0%). The distributions of worker job types were similar between those with and without negative emotion (p = 0.125). Conclusions The institutional IRS is a useful place to report the workplace interpersonal conflicts actively. The healthcare systems need to improve the channels to communicate, manage and resolve these conflicts. PMID:28166260

  2. Elective partial nephrectomy is equivalent to radical nephrectomy in patients with clinical T1 renal cell carcinoma: results of a retrospective, comparative, multi-institutional study.

    PubMed

    Antonelli, Alessandro; Ficarra, Vincenzo; Bertini, Roberto; Carini, Marco; Carmignani, Giorgio; Corti, Serena; Longo, Nicola; Martorana, Giuseppe; Minervini, Andrea; Mirone, Vincenzo; Novara, Giacomo; Serni, Sergio; Simeone, Claudio; Simonato, Alchiede; Siracusano, Salvatore; Volpe, Alessandro; Zattoni, Filiberto; Cunico, Sergio Cosciani

    2012-04-01

    To compare the oncological outcomes of patients who underwent elective partial nephrectomy (PN) or radical nephrectomy (RN) for clinically organ-confined renal masses ≤7 cm in size (cT1). The records of 3480 patients with cT1N0M0 disease were extracted from a multi-institutional database and analyzed retrospectively. In patients who underwent PN, the risk of clinical understaging was 3.2% in cT1a cases and 10.6% in cT1b cases. With regard to the cT1a patients, the 5- and 10-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) estimates were 94.7% and 90.4%, respectively, after RN and 96.1% and 94.9%, respectively, after PN (log-rank test: P = 0.01). With regard to cT1b patients, the 5-year CSS probabilities were 92.6% after RN and 90% after PN, respectively (log-rank test: P = 0.89). Surgical treatment failed to be an independent predictor of CSS on multivariable analysis, both for cT1a and cT1b patients. Interestingly, PN was oncologically equivalent to RN also in patients with pT3a tumours (log-rank test: P = 0.91). Elective PN is not associated with an increased risk of recurrence and cancer-specific mortality in both cT1a and cT1b tumours. Data from the present study strongly support the use of partial nephrectomy in patients with clinically T1 tumours, according to the current recommendations of the international guidelines. © 2011 THE AUTHORS. BJU INTERNATIONAL © 2011 BJU INTERNATIONAL.

  3. Nationwide multi-institutional retrospective analysis of high-dose-rate brachytherapy combined with external beam radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer: An Asian Prostate HDR-BT Consortium.

    PubMed

    Ishiyama, Hiromichi; Kamitani, Nobuhiko; Kawamura, Hidemasa; Kato, Shingo; Aoki, Manabu; Kariya, Shinji; Matsumura, Taisei; Kaidu, Motoki; Yoshida, Ken; Hashimoto, Yaichiro; Noda, Yasutaka; Lim, Keith H C; Kawase, Takatsugu; Takahashi, Takeo; Inaba, Koji; Kumano, Motoyasu; Yoshikawa, Nobuhiko; Yoshioka, Yasuo; Nakamura, Katsumasa; Hiratsuka, Junichi; Itami, Jun; Hayakawa, Kazushige

    To report outcomes and risk factors of high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy combined with external beam radiotherapy with or without androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in prostate cancer patients. This multi-institutional retrospective analysis comprised 3424 patients with localized prostate cancer at 16 Asian hospitals. One-thirds (27.7%) of patients received only neoadjuvant ADT, whereas almost half (49.5%) of patients received both neoadjuvant and adjuvant ADT. Mean duration of neoadjuvant and adjuvant ADT were 8.6 months and 27.9 months, respectively. Biochemical failure was defined by Phoenix ASTRO consensus. Biochemical control rate, clinical disease-free survival (cDFS), cause-specific survival, and overall survival (OS) were calculated. Median followup was 66 months. Ten-year biochemical control, cDFS, cause-specific survival, and OS rate were 81.4%, 81.0%, 97.2%, and 85.6%, respectively. Receiving both neoadjuvant and adjuvant ADT was detected as a favorable factor for biochemical control, cDFS, and OS, but pelvic irradiation was detected as an adverse factor for cause-specific survival, and OS. Ten-year cumulative rates of late Grade ≥2 genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicities were 26.8% and 4.1%, respectively; receiving both neoadjuvant and adjuvant ADT was detected as a favorable factor for preventing both toxicities. HDR combined with external beam radiotherapy was an effective and safe treatment for localized prostate cancer. Combination of long-term ADT was suggested to be necessary, even for HDR brachytherapy, and was useful in suppressing late toxicities. Meanwhile, pelvic irradiation was suggested to have an adverse effect on OS of our study population. Copyright © 2017 American Brachytherapy Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Cervical Ectropion and Intra-Uterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD): a five-year retrospective study of family planning clients of a tertiary health institution in Lagos Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Wright, Kikelomo Ololade; Mohammed, Ahmadu Shehu; Salisu-Olatunji, Olajumoke; Kuyinu, Yetunde Abiola

    2014-12-23

    Cervical ectropion (also known as cervical erosion) is a common finding on routine pelvic examination during the fertile years. The decision to treat or not remains controversial. According to studies in support of routine treatment of cervical erosion, there is a possible relationship between squamous metaplasia and squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. To determine the prevalence of cervical ectropion and associated risk factors among clients with intra-uterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) attending a family planning clinic of a tertiary health institution in Lagos, Nigeria. A 5-year retrospective study was conducted by assessing existing clinic records from years 2007-2011. Clients with IUCDs undergo routine pelvic examination during check-up visits. A total of 628 clients' records were seen within the stated time frame. This study was approved by the ethical committee of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH) and the collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 19.0. The mean age of the IUCD users was 34.7±6.52 years, while 517 (82.3%) had secondary education. On routine pelvic examination, seventy-nine clients (12.6%) had cervical ectropion. Thirty-nine (6.2%) clients had presented with a history of abnormal vaginal bleeding while 12.1% had vaginal discharge. Treatments offered to cases of cervical ectropion include cervical painting with gentian violet (89.9%) and antibiotics prescription (58.2%). On bivariate analysis, previous hormonal contraceptive use (P=0.041) and vaginal discharge (P<0.001) were significantly associated with developing cervical ectropion. Clients with ectropion were significantly more likely to receive prescriptions for antibiotics (P<0.001). Less than one fifth of the clients had cervical erosion. However, routine pelvic examination could aid the detection and control of latent reproductive health problems such as cervical ectropion which may require further investigations for example, pap smears, to exclude

  5. Effect of Tumor Complexity and Technique on Efficacy and Complications after Percutaneous Microwave Ablation of Stage T1a Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Single-Center, Retrospective Study.

    PubMed

    Klapperich, Marki E; Abel, E Jason; Ziemlewicz, Timothy J; Best, Sara; Lubner, Meghan G; Nakada, Stephen Y; Hinshaw, J Louis; Brace, Christopher L; Lee, Fred T; Wells, Shane A

    2017-07-01

    Purpose To evaluate the effects of tumor complexity and technique on early and midterm oncologic efficacy and rate of complications for 100 consecutive biopsy-proved stage T1a renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) treated with percutaneous microwave ablation. Materials and Methods This HIPAA-compliant, single-center retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. The requirement to obtain informed consent was waived. Ninety-six consecutive patients (68 men, 28 women; mean age, 66 years ± 9.4) with 100 stage T1a N0M0 biopsy-proved RCCs (median diameter, 2.6 cm ± 0.8) underwent percutaneous microwave ablation between March 2011 and June 2015. Patient and procedural data were collected, including body mass index, comorbidities, tumor histologic characteristics and grade, RENAL nephrometry score, number of antennas, generator power, and duration of ablation. Technical success, local tumor progression, and presence of complications were assessed at immediate and follow-up imaging. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analyses. Results Technical success was achieved for all 100 tumors (100%), including 47 moderately and five highly complex RCCs. Median clinical and imaging follow-up was 17 months (range, 0-48 months) and 15 months (range, 0-44 months), respectively. No change in estimated glomerular filtration rate was noted after the procedure (P = .49). There were three (3%) procedure-related complications and six (6%) delayed complications, all urinomas. One case of local tumor progression (1%) was identified 25 months after the procedure. Three-year local progression-free survival, cancer-specific survival, and overall survival were 88% (95% confidence interval: 0.52%, 0.97%), 100% (95% confidence interval: 1.0%, 1.0%), and 91% (95% confidence interval: 0.51%, 0.99%), respectively. Conclusion Percutaneous microwave ablation is an effective and safe treatment option for stage T1a RCC, regardless of tumor complexity. Long-term follow-up is needed

  6. Student Swirl at a Single Institution: The Role of Timing and Student Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Iryna Y.; Muse, William B.

    2011-01-01

    Back-and-forth enrollment at different institutions--student swirl--and concurrent enrollment at two or more institutions--double-dipping--have become common experiences for students in the United States. However, empirical studies explaining student mobility are rather rare. This study examines how student departures from and returns to a single…

  7. Student Swirl at a Single Institution: The Role of Timing and Student Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Iryna Y.; Muse, William B.

    2012-01-01

    Back-and-forth enrollment at different institutions--student swirl--and concurrent enrollment at two or more institutions--double-dipping--have become common experiences for students in the United States. However, empirical studies explaining student mobility are rather rare. This study examines how student departures from and returns to a single…

  8. A single-institution experience: the integrated vascular surgery residency's effect on fellowship and general surgery resident case volume and diversity.

    PubMed

    Carroll, Megan I; Downes, Kathryne; Miladinovic, Branko; Illig, Karl A; Armstrong, Paul A; Back, Martin R; Johnson, Brad L; Shames, Murray L

    2014-01-01

    To determine whether the formation of an integrated vascular surgery residency (0 + 5) has negatively impacted the case volume and diversity of the vascular surgery fellows (5 + 2) and chief general surgeons at the same institution. Operative data from the vascular integrated (0 + 5), independent (5 + 2), and general surgery residencies at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed to determine vascular surgery case volumes from 2006-2012. National operative data (Residency Review Committee) were used for comparison of diversity and volume. Standard statistical methods were applied. During this period, the 5 + 2 fellows at our institution performed on average 741 (range, 554-1002) primary cases and 1091 (range, 844-1479) combined primary and secondary cases for the 2-year fellowship. Our integrated residency began in July 2007. Our fellows' primary case volumes remained relatively stable between 2006 and 2011, with a 4% increase in the number of cases, although their total (primary and secondary) case volumes fell 15%; by comparison, the equivalent national 50th percentile rates rose 16% during this time frame. Our institution's general surgery residents performed an average of 116 (range, 56-221) vascular cases individually during their 5-year residency from 2005-2011. From 2006-2011, the total case volume fell only 5%, while the national 50th percentile rate fell 24%. Across all years, however, resident and fellow volumes both continue to be above Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education minimum requirements, and the major vascular case volume at our institution in all groups studied remained statistically greater than or equal to the national 50th percentile of cases. Our first integrated resident to graduate finished in June 2012 with 931 total vascular cases and 249 general surgery cases for a total operative experience of 1180 cases during the 5-year residency. Finally, after an 8-year period (2003-2010) in which none of

  9. Acute Kidney Injury Treated with Dialysis outside the Intensive Care Unit: A Retrospective Observational Single-Center Study

    PubMed Central

    Sprenger-Mähr, Hannelore; Zitt, Emanuel; Lhotta, Karl

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The number of patients suffering from acute kidney injury requiring dialysis (AKI-D) is increasing. Whereas causes and outcome of AKI-D in the intensive care unit (ICU) are described extensively, few data exist about AKI-D patients treated outside the ICU. Aim of this study was to identify the causes of AKI-D, determine in-depth the comorbid conditions and outcome of this particular patient group and identify possibilities for its prevention. Methods We retrospectively studied all AKI-D patients treated outside the ICU in a single nephrology referral center between January 2010 and June 2015. Data on comorbid conditions, renal function and drug therapy prior to AKI-D, and possible causal events were collected. Patients were grouped into those with renal hypoperfusion as the predominant cause of AKI-D (hemodynamic group) and those with other causes (non-hemodynamic group). Results During 66 months 128 patients (57% male, mean age 69.3 years) were treated. AKI-D was community-acquired in 70.3%. The most frequent comorbidities were hypertension (62.5%), chronic kidney disease (CKD) (58.9%), coronary artery disease (CAD) (46.1%), diabetes (35.9%) and heart failure (34.1%). Most patients were prescribed diuretics (61.7%) and inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RASI) (57.8%); 46.1% had a combination of both. In the 88 patients with hemodynamic AKI-D (68.8%) the most frequent initiating events were diarrhea (39.8%), infections (17.0%) and acute heart failure (13.6%). In the 40 patients with non-hemodynamic AKI-D (31.2%) interstitial nephritis (n = 15) was the prominent diagnosis. Patients with hemodynamic AKI-D were older (72.6 vs. 62.1 years, p = 0.001), suffered more often from CKD (68.2% vs. 33.3%, p = 0.003), CAD (54.5% vs. 27.5%, p = 0.004) and diabetes (42.0% vs. 22.5%, p = 0.033), and were more frequently on diuretics (75.0% vs. 32.5%, p<0.001), RASI (67.0% vs. 37.5%, p = 0.002) or their combination (58.0% vs. 20.0%, p<0

  10. Duodenal stump fistula after gastric surgery for malignancies: a retrospective analysis of risk factors in a single centre experience.

    PubMed

    Orsenigo, Elena; Bissolati, Massimiliano; Socci, Carlo; Chiari, Damiano; Muffatti, Francesca; Nifosi, Jacopo; Staudacher, Carlo

    2014-10-01

    Duodenal stump fistula (DSF) is the most severe surgical complication after gastrectomy. This study was designed to assess the incidence, to observe the consequences, and to identify the risk factors associated with DSF after gastrectomy. All procedures involving total or sub-total gastrectomy for cancer, performed between January 1987 and June 2012 in a single institution, were prospectively entered into a computerized database. Risk factors analysis was performed between DSF patients, patients with complete uneventful postoperative course and patients with other major surgical complications. Over this 25 years period, 1287 gastrectomies were performed. DSF was present in 32 cases (2.5 %). Mean post-operative onset was 6.6 days. 19 patients were treated conservatively and 13 surgically. Mean DSF healing time was 31.2 and 45.2 days in the two groups, respectively. Mortality was registered in 3 cases (9.37 %), due to septic shock (2 cases) and bleeding (1 case). In monovariate analysis, heart disease (p < 0.001), pre-operative lymphocytes number (p = 0.003) and absence of manual reinforcement over duodenal stump (p < 0.001) were found to be DSF-specific risk factors, whereas liver cirrhosis (p = 0.002), pre-operative albumin levels (p < 0.001) and blood losses (p = 0.002) were found to be non-DSF-specific risk factors. In multivariate analysis heart disease (OR 5.18; p < 0.001), liver cirrhosis (OR 13.2; p < 0.001), bio-humoral nutritional status impairment (OR 2.29; p = 0.05), blood losses >300 mL (OR 4.47; p = 0.001) and absence of manual reinforcement over duodenal stump (OR 30.47; p < 0.001) were found to be independent risk factors for DSF development. Duodenal stump fistula still remains a life-threatening complication after gastric surgery. Co-morbidity factors, nutritional status impairment and surgical technical difficulties should be considered as important risk factors in developing this awful complication.

  11. Use of (99m)Tc-Tilmanocept as a Single Agent for Sentinel Lymph Node Identification in Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Pilot Study.

    PubMed

    Unkart, Jonathan T; Wallace, Anne M

    2017-09-01

    (99m)Tc-tilmanocept received recent Food and Drug Administration approval for lymphatic mapping in 2013. However, to our knowledge, no prior studies have evaluated the use of (99m)Tc-tilmanocept as a single agent in sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in breast cancer. Methods: We executed this retrospective pilot study to assess the ability of (99m)Tc-tilmanocept to identify sentinel nodes as a single agent in clinically node-negative breast cancer patients. Patients received a single intradermal injection overlying the tumor of either 18.5 MBq (0.5 mCi) of (99m)Tc-tilmanocept on the day of surgery or 74.0 MBq (2.0 mCi) on the day before surgery by a radiologist. Immediate 3-view lymphoscintigraphy was performed. Intraoperatively, SLNs were identified with a portable γ-probe. A node was classified as hot if the count (per second) of the node was more than 3 times the background count. Descriptive statistics are reported. Results: Nineteen patients underwent SLN biopsy with single-agent (99m)Tc-tilmanocept. Immediate lymphoscintigraphy identified at least 1 sentinel node in 13 of 17 patients (76.5%). Intraoperatively, at least 1 (mean, 1.7 ± 0.8; range, 1-3) hot node was identified in all patients. Three patients (15.8%) had 1 disease-positive SLN. Conclusion: In this small, retrospective pilot study, (99m)Tc-tilmanocept performed well as a single agent for intraoperative sentinel node identification in breast cancer. A larger, randomized clinical trial is warranted to compare (99m)Tc-tilmanocept as a single agent with other radiopharmaceuticals for sentinel node identification in breast cancer. © 2017 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

  12. Preventability of Voluntarily Reported or Trigger Tool-Identified Medication Errors in a Pediatric Institution by Information Technology: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    PubMed

    Stultz, Jeremy S; Nahata, Milap C

    2015-07-01

    Information technology (IT) has the potential to prevent medication errors. While many studies have analyzed specific IT technologies and preventable adverse drug events, no studies have identified risk factors for errors still occurring that are not preventable by IT. The objective of this study was to categorize reported or trigger tool-identified errors and adverse events (AEs) at a pediatric tertiary care institution. Also, we sought to identify medication errors preventable by IT, determine why IT-preventable errors occurred, and to identify risk factors for errors that were not preventable by IT. This was a retrospective analysis of voluntarily reported or trigger tool-identified errors and AEs occurring from 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012. Medication errors reaching the patients were categorized based on the origin, severity, and location of the error, the month in which they occurred, and the age of the patient involved. Error characteristics were included in a multivariable logistic regression model to determine independent risk factors for errors occurring that were not preventable by IT. A medication error was defined as a medication-related failure of a planned action to be completed as intended or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim. An IT-preventable error was defined as having an IT system in place to aid in prevention of the error at the phase and location of its origin. There were 936 medication errors (identified by voluntarily reporting or a trigger tool system) included and analyzed. Drug administration errors were identified most frequently (53.4% ), but prescribing errors most frequently caused harm (47.2 % of harmful errors). There were 470 (50.2 %) errors that were IT preventable at their origin, including 155 due to IT system bypasses, 103 due to insensitivity of IT alerting systems, and 47 with IT alert overrides. Dispensing, administration, and documentation errors had higher odds than prescribing errors for being not preventable by IT

  13. Efficacy of intraoperative vancomycin powder use in intrathecal baclofen pump implantation procedures: single institutional series in a high risk population.

    PubMed

    Ghobrial, George M; Thakkar, Vismay; Singhal, Saurabh; Oppenlander, Mark E; Maulucci, Christopher M; Harrop, James S; Jallo, Jack; Prasad, Srinivas; Saulino, Michael; Sharan, Ashwini D

    2014-10-01

    We aimed to assess the efficacy of intraoperative vancomycin powder in intrathecal baclofen pump placement patients, a high risk population. A retrospective review was conducted using prospectively collected data at an academic tertiary care unit. The neurosurgical adult patient population was queried for all intrathecal baclofen pump implantation procedures. Patients were then reviewed for the use of intraoperative crystalline vancomycin powder. Those with a history of prior surgical site infection, chronic systemic infections or osteomyelitis were excluded. Anhydrous, crystalline vancomycin was utilized in the wound bed after completion of implantation, distributed evenly in the case of multiple incisions. Patients received 500 mg or 1,000 mg of crystallized vancomycin, evenly distributed through the wound layers based on a 70 kg weight cutoff. Intraoperative institutional standards of infection prophylaxis were unchanged throughout the study period. Infection rate of baclofen pump placement prior to the use of vancomycin powder from 2001-2009 at the same institution was monitored. Wound infection rate was tracked for a 12 month postoperative period. Six patients out of 26 baclofen pump implantations (23%) in this cohort were identified to have seven infections despite vancomycin powder placement in the lumbar and catheter wounds. Prior infection rates have been investigated for intrathecal drug delivery systems from 2001 to 2009 at the same institution with an overall infection rate of 3% (8/274). The use of vancomycin powder in patients with implants in this series did not reduce infection rates compared to published historical controls, and was elevated compared to institutional controls. Further prospective study of this high risk patient population is warranted.

  14. Taxane-induced peripheral sensorial neuropathy in cancer patients is associated with duration of diabetes mellitus: a single-center retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Kus, Tulay; Aktas, Gokmen; Kalender, Mehmet Emin; Sevinc, Alper; Kul, Seval; Suner, Ali; Ulker, Esra; Camci, Celaletdin

    2016-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) influences the incidence and severity of peripheral sensory neuropathy (PSN) in patients using taxane therapy. A retrospective single-center analysis was conducted: Patients with PSN at baseline were excluded. The incidence of PSN was evaluated retrospectively in patient subgroups who received taxane arm and taxane-plus-platinum-agents combination arm with or without known DM at baseline. Three hundred seventy-four patients were enrolled in this study, 81 (21.6%) of patients had DM at baseline. The incidence of grade 1 PSN (non-DM/DM) in patients receiving taxane-based chemotherapy was 33.4/25.9% and more than grade 2 PSN (non-DM/DM) was 15/34.6%. The rate of neuropathy of non-diabetic patients was 48.8%, while the rate of diabetic patients was 52.8 and 75% in DM duration below 5 years and above 5 years group, respectively. This retrospective analysis indicates that taxane-based therapy in DM patients whose disease duration is above 5 years appears to affect the incidence and severity of PSN without known baseline neuropathy. The probability of PSN with taxane-based therapy was similar in DM duration below 5 years and non-DM patients.

  15. Social and Demographic Factors Influencing Inferior Vena Cava Filter Retrieval at a Single Institution in the United States.

    PubMed

    Smith, S Christian; Shanks, Candace; Guy, Gregory; Yang, Xiangyu; Dowell, Joshua D

    2015-10-01

    Retrievable inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) are associated with long-term adverse events that have increased interest in improving filter retrieval rates. Determining the influential patient social and demographic factors affecting IVCF retrieval is important to personalize patient management strategies and attain optimal patient care. Seven-hundred and sixty-two patients were retrospectively studied who had a filter placed at our institution between January 2011 and November 2013. Age, gender, race, cancer history, distance to residence from retrieval institution, and insurance status were identified for each patient, and those receiving retrievable IVCFs were further evaluated for retrieval rate and time to retrieval. Of the 762 filters placed, 133 were permanent filters. Of the 629 retrievable filters placed, 406 met the inclusion criteria and were eligible for retrieval. Results revealed patients with Medicare were less likely to have their filters retrieved (p = 0.031). Older age was also associated with a lower likelihood of retrieval (p < 0.001) as was living further from the medical center (p = 0.027). Patients who were white and had Medicare were more likely than similarly insured black patients to have their filters retrieved (p = 0.024). The retrieval rate of IVCFs was most influenced by insurance status, distance from the medical center, and age. Race was statistically significant only when combined with insurance status. The results of this study suggest that these patient groups may need closer follow-up in order to obtain optimal IVCF retrieval rates.

  16. Improved mortality rate for congenital diaphragmatic hernia in the modern era of management: 15 year experience in a single institution

    PubMed Central

    Zalla, Jennifer M.; Stoddard, Gregory J.; Yoder, Bradley A.

    2014-01-01

    Background/Purpose Mortality rates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have remained at approximately 30% for the last 2 decades. Therapies targeting pulmonary hypertension (PHTN) have not been systematically studied in this population, but are increasingly used. We hypothesized that incremental changes in treatments for PHTN have improved mortality for CDH infants. Methods Prospective data from 1998–2013 on all liveborn CDH patients treated at our institution were retrospectively analyzed. Based on management of PHTN, 4 Eras were identified for comparison. Logistic and linear regression were used to compare characteristics. The primary outcome of death prior to discharge was analyzed by multivariable Cox regression modeling. Results The study included 192 infants who met inclusion criteria. Length of stay increased, while rates of primary repair decreased, suggesting a sicker cohort in the most recent Eras. Analysis of mortality across 4 Era’s showed no difference. By post-hoc analysis, ECMO availability was associated with mortality reduction for Era’s 3–4 versus 1–2 (HR=0.27, p < 0.001). Conclusions Improved survival at our institution may be related to recent introduction of ECMO and more aggressive approaches to pulmonary hypertension. Further systematic studies of these PHTN therapies in this specific population are warranted. PMID:25840055

  17. Pipeline Embolization Device for Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms—The More, the Better? A Single-center Retrospective Observational Study

    PubMed Central

    Kabbasch, Christoph; Mpotsaris, Anastasios; Behme, Daniel; Dorn, Franziska; Stavrinou, Pantelis; Liebig, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The pipeline embolization device (PED) is a treatment option for wide-neck intracranial aneurysms. The individual number of implants needed to securely exclude an aneurysm is unknown. Our primary objective was to compare midterm occlusion and complication rates in aneurysms treated with a single versus multiple PEDs without adjunctive coiling in a single procedure. Patients and methods Fifty-five patients harboring 58 intracranial aneurysms were treated with 121 PEDs between March 2011 and December 2013. About 38 aneurysms in 37 patients were treated exclusively with PED without adjunctive coiling in a single procedure. All pretreated (recurrent) aneurysms were excluded from analysis. Occlusion results were rated using the OKM-scale. Periprocedural complications were recorded. Results Immediate angiographic results showed favorable obliteration (OKM C1-3+D) in 5/20 (25%) single-PED cases versus 8/18 (44%) in multiple-PED cases (p=0.3); complete obliteration (OKM D) was achieved in 4/20 (20%) with single-PED versus 5/18 (28%) in the multiple-PED group (p=0.2). Midterm (median: 7 months) angiographic rates of favorable occlusion were significantly higher in the multiple-PED group: 14/20 (70%) in single-PED cases versus 15/15 (100%) in multiple-PED cases (p=0.03); complete occlusions were observed in 12/20 (60%) single-PED cases versus 14/15 (93%) in multiple-PED cases (p=0.05). Retreatment was necessary in 3/20 single-PED (15%) and in none of the multiple-PED cases. Procedural complications did not differ between groups. Conclusion The nonstaged use of multiple PEDs may result in a higher rate of favorable occlusions at midterm in wide-neck aneurysms treated without adjunctive coiling without significantly increasing the rate of procedural complications. PMID:27829966

  18. Passenger Lymphocyte Syndrome (PLS): A Single-center Retrospective Analysis of Minor ABO-incompatible Liver Transplants.

    PubMed

    de Bruijn, Sévérine; Philipse, Ester; Couttenye, Marie Madeleine; Bracke, Bart; Ysebaert, Dirk; Michielsen, Peter; Francque, Sven; Vanwolleghem, Thomas; Verlinden, Anke

    2017-03-28

    Background and Aims: Due to the shortage of donor livers, minor ABO-incompatible liver transplantations are commonly performed. Together with the allograft, immunocompetent B-lymphocytes, called passenger lymphocytes, are transplanted. In case of minor ABO-incompatibility, these passenger lymphocytes produce antibodies directed towards the recipient's red blood cells, which causes immune-mediated hemolysis, also known as the passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS). Although this is a self-limiting disorder, serious complications can occur, including graft failure. Retrospectively, we evaluated the role of PLS in minor ABO-incompatible liver transplantations performed at our center. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted for all minor ABO-incompatible liver transplantations performed at the Antwerp University Hospital between 2003 and 2015. All patient files were inspected for clinical and laboratory findings. In cases of PLS diagnosis, the applied treatment was also studied. Results: In total, 10 patients underwent a minor ABO-incompatible liver transplantation and 4 showed signs of PLS. All 4 PLS patients were treated with different therapeutic strategy, corresponding to the severity of hemolysis. In all 4 cases, PLS resolved following treatment. Conclusion: When performing minor ABO-incompatible liver transplantations, knowledge of PLS is elemental. Next to a high index of clinical suspicion, we suggest routine screening for markers of hemolysis, with emphasis on haptoglobin level and direct antiglobulin test, weekly in the first 4 weeks post-transplantation as well as in case of a sudden hemoglobin drop within the first 3 months after transplantation. Peri- and postoperative transfusion support using donor-compatible blood has been suggested to prevent the occurrence or limit the extent of hemolysis.

  19. Clinical features and laboratory findings of dengue fever in German travellers: A single-centre, retrospective analysis.

    PubMed

    Tavakolipoor, Pulad; Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas; Burchard, Gerd Dieter; Jordan, Sabine

    2016-01-01

    Dengue fever (DF) is one of the most relevant human arboviral infections worldwide and has become a frequent cause of fever in the returning traveller. This retrospective study aimed to characterize epidemiological and clinical features and laboratory findings of dengue fever in German travellers. This descriptive study analyzed medical records of patients diagnosed with DF presenting at the Section of Tropical Medicine of the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf from 2007 to 2011. Data were collected and analyzed retrospectively. In total, data of 119 DF patients (52 female, 67 male) were included in this study. The median age of the patients was 35 (range 15-75 years). DF was most frequently acquired in South-East Asia (n = 65; 54.7%), and in particular in Thailand (n = 23; 19.7%). A considerable percentage of DF infections (n = 14; 11.8%) was imported from Africa. Patients predominantly presented with fever, headache, rash, myalgia and arthralgia but also with gastrointestinal symptoms, i.e. diarrhoea. Nine patients showed signs of minor haemorrhagic manifestations. Neurological complications occurred in 13 patients. Low platelet count, leukopenia and elevated liver enzymes were the most relevant laboratory findings. Twenty patients (17.8%) had to be hospitalized. Overall, the clinical course was mostly mild to moderate, 13 patients (10.9%) showed DF warnings signs, no fatalities occurred. DF presented as a mostly mild to moderate disease in this study cohort. Outpatient treatment was adequate for the majority of patients. Still, detailed knowledge of clinical symptoms and laboratory features is essential for appropriate triage. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Anaesthesia in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy: retrospective analysis of a single centre three-year experience

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is a treatment option for selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. There are limited data available on anaesthesia management and its impact on patients’ outcome. Our aim was to retrospectively analyze and evaluate perioperative management and the clinical course of patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC within a three-year period. Methods After ethic committee approval, patient charts were retrospectively reviewed for patient characteristics, interventions, perioperative management, postoperative course, and complications. Analysis was intervention based. Data are presented as median (range). Results Between 2009 and 2011, 54 consecutive patients underwent 57 interventions; median anaesthesia time was 715 (range 370 to 1135) minutes. HIPEC induced hyperthermia with an overall median peak temperature of 38.1 (35.7-40.2)°C with active cooling. Bleeding, expressed as median blood loss was 0.8 (0 to 6) litre and large fluid shifts occurred, requiring a total fluid input of 8.4 (4.2 to 29.4) litres per patient. Postoperative renal function was dependent on preoperative function and the type of fluids used. Administration of hydroxyethyl starch colloid solution had a significant negative impact on renal function, especially in younger patients. Major complications occurred after 12 procedures leading to death in 2 patients. Procedure time and need for blood transfusion were associated with a significantly higher risk for major complications. Conclusions Cytoreductive surgery with HIPEC is a high-risk surgical procedure associated with major hemodynamic and metabolic changes. As well as primary disease and complexity of surgery, we have shown that anaesthesia management, the type and amount of fluids used, and blood transfusions may also have a significant effect on patients’ outcome. PMID:24886171

  1. Use of the trellis device in the management of deep vein thrombosis: a retrospective single-center experience.

    PubMed

    Chaudhry, Muhammad A; Pappy, Reji; Hennebry, Thomas A

    2013-06-01

    The Trellis thrombectomy system (Covidien) is one of the newer devices that incorporates isolated pharmacomechanical thrombectomy and thrombolysis (PMT) for treatment of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). We conducted a retrospective review of patients with upper- and lower-extremity DVT managed with the Trellis thrombectomy system at our center. All patients with symptomatic DVT who presented to our center between April 2010 and April 2011 who underwent PMT by the Trellis device were included in this retrospective review. Twenty-eight patients (mean age, 46.4 ± 21.2 years) presented with symptoms with a mean duration of 1.3 ± 1.8 months. Eighty-six percent had 100% occlusion on admission, while 14.3% had 70%-90% stenosis. The mean lytic dose used was tPA 20.7 ± 12 mg. The mean Trellis treatment time was 25.1 ± 11.5 minutes. Grade 3 lysis was achieved in 23 of 28 patients (85.8%), while grade 2 lysis was achieved in 14.2%. Mean total hospital stay was 2.6 ± 2.7 days. Postprocedure symptom resolution was 100%, and there was no reocclusion in 78.6% of patients at 1 year. At 12 months, the patency rate (primary or secondary) was 80% as determined by Doppler ultrasound. In patients with DVT involving the ilio-femoral and the upper-extremity vessels, the use of the Trellis device was associated with a high technical success rate as well as a satisfactory 12-month patency rate. Moreover, this strategy was associated with reduced lytic dose, shorter treatment time and hospital stay, and no bleeding complications.

  2. Could ICG-aided robotic cholecystectomy reduce the rate of open conversion reported with laparoscopic approach? A head to head comparison of the largest single institution studies.

    PubMed

    Gangemi, A; Danilkowicz, R; Elli, F E; Bianco, F; Masrur, M; Giulianotti, P C

    2017-03-01

    Comparative studies between robotic and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) focus heavily on economic considerations under the assumption of comparable clinical outcomes. Advancement of the robotic technique and the further widespread use of this approach suggest a need for newer comparison studies. 676 ICG-aided robotic cholecystectomies (ICG-aided RC) performed at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Division of General, Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery were compiled retrospectively. Additionally, 289 LC were similarly obtained. Data were compared to the largest single institution LC data sets from within the US and abroad. Statistically significant variations were found between UIC-RC and UIC-LC in minor biliary injuries (p = 0.049), overall open conversion (p ≤ 0.001), open conversion in the acute setting (p = 0.002), and mean blood loss (p < 0.001). UIC-RC open conversions were also significantly lower than Greenville Health System LC (p ≤ 0.001). Additionally, UIC ICG-RC resulted in the lowest percentages of major biliary injuries (0 %) and highest percentage of biliary anomalies identified (2.07 %). ICG-aided cholangiography and the technical advantages associated with the robotic platform may significantly decrease the rate of open conversion in both the acute and non-acute setting. The sample size discrepancy and the non-randomized nature of our study do not allow for drawing definitive conclusions.

  3. Validation of the Effectiveness and Safety of Temozolomide during and after Radiotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Glioblastomas: 10-year Experience of a Single Institution.

    PubMed

    Joo, Jin-Deok; Kim, Hansol; Kim, Young-Hoon; Han, Jung Ho; Kim, Chae-Yong

    2015-11-01

    This study was performed to validate the effectiveness and safety of concurrent chemoradiotherapy and adjuvant therapy with temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme as a standard treatment protocol. Between 2004 and 2011, patients newly diagnosed with glioblastoma who were treated with temozolomide during concurrent chemoradiotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy were included from a single institution and analyzed retrospectively. The primary endpoint was overall survival, and the secondary endpoints were progression-free survival, response, and safety. A total of 71 patients were enrolled in this study. The response rate was 41% (29/71), and the tumor control rate was 80% (57/71). In the 67 patients who completed the concurrent chemoradiotherapy with temozolomide, the median overall survival was 19 months and the 1- and 2-yr overall survival rates were 78.3% and 41.7%, respectively. The median progression free survival was 9 months, and the 1- and 2-yr progression free survival rates were 33.8% and 14.3%, respectively. The mean duration of survival after progression of disease in salvage treatment group was 11.9 (1.3-53.2) months. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with temozolomide resulted in grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxic effects in 2.8% of the patients. The current protocol of temozolomide during and after radiation therapy is both effective and safe and is still appropriate as the standard protocol for treatment of glioblastoma. An active salvage treatment might be required for a better prognosis.

  4. Outcome of zirconia single crowns made by predoctoral dental students: a clinical retrospective study after 2 to 6 years of clinical service.

    PubMed

    Näpänkangas, Ritva; Pihlaja, Juha; Raustia, Aune

    2015-04-01

    Zirconia has established its role as a reliable ceramic material for fixed prostheses. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome of zirconia single crowns made by predoctoral students after 2 to 6 years of clinical service. A cohort of 88 patients treated with zirconia single crowns (mean 3 crowns per patient, range 1 to 12 crowns) from 2007 to 2010 by predoctoral dental students was identified. The patients were invited to attend a clinical examination. Sixty-six participants (75%) took part in the clinical follow-up (30 women and 36 men; mean age 60.4 years, range 19 to 81 years). Altogether, 190 teeth with single crowns were examined, and the mean follow-up time was 3.88 years (1.85 to 6.04 years). The most common complications were chipping of veneering porcelain (4%) and loss of cementation (4%). The success rate of the zirconia single crowns after 2 to 6 years was 80% and the survival rate 89%. Zirconia crowns can be successfully used in predoctoral dental education. The success rate of zirconia single crowns after 2 to 6 years was 80% and the survival rate was 89%, in accordance with previous studies. Copyright © 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Retrospective comparison of semipermanent and permanent cementation of implant-supported single crowns and FDPs with regard to the incidence of survival and complications.

    PubMed

    Schwarz, Stefanie; Schröder, Christin; Corcodel, Nicoleta; Hassel, Alexander Jochen; Rammelsberg, Peter

    2012-05-01

    To retrospectively compare the fixation modalities semipermanent and permanent for all cemented single crowns and Fixed Dental Prostheses (FDPs) placed at the Department of Prosthodontics in the years 2002 to 2010 with regard to the incidence of survival and complications. Two hundred forty-one patients (48.5% male, mean age 57.3 years) received 166 FDPs and 232 single crowns. A total of 50.6% of the FDPs and 54.7% of the single crowns were fixed using semipermanent cements. Aside from fixation, age, gender, type, location, and material of the suprastructures were assessed as possible factors affecting complications, namely de-cementation, chipping, framework, or abutment fracture. During an observation period of up to 6.6 years (mean 2.24 years; standard deviation 1.38), the survival rates were 96.4% and 100% for FDPs (semipermanent/permanent cementation), and 98.4% and 92.4% for single crowns (semipermanent/permanent). The success rates achieved, counting every complication, for the FDPs were 61.9% and 70.7% (semipermanent/permanent) and for single crowns were 75.6% and 77.1% (semipermanent/permanent). The cement used had a significant effect on loss of retention of the FDPs (p = .006), but no significant effect on the retention of the single crowns. Cementation procedure exhibited no significant impact on chipping for both FDPs and single crowns. The frequency of framework or abutment fractures was too low for further statistical analyses. Both semipermanent and permanent cementation of FDPs and single crowns resulted in high survival rates. Within the limitations of the study design, because of the amount of chairside aftercare required, implant-borne FDPs could be recommended for permanent cementation. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Cardiac Papillary Fibroelastoma: Single-Institution Experience with 14 Surgical Patients

    PubMed Central

    Al Jabbari, Odeaa; Ramlawi, Basel; Reardon, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    In general, treatment for symptomatic and asymptomatic cardiac papillary fibroelastoma is surgical resection—particularly of left-sided lesions, because of the risk of systemic embolization. However, few institutions have enough experience with these tumors to validate this approach. We present our institutional experience with papillary fibroelastoma and discuss our current approach. We searched our institution's cardiac tumor database, identified all patients diagnosed with cardiac papillary fibroelastoma from 1992 through 2014, and recorded the clinical and pathologic characteristics of each case. We found 14 patients (mean age, 60.5 ± 12.3 yr) who had 18 lesions. Eleven patients (79%) were symptomatic; however, we could not always definitively associate their symptoms with a cardiac tumor. Most lesions were solitary and ≤1.5 cm in diameter; half involved the left side of the heart. All 18 lesions were surgically excised. There were no operative or 30-day deaths, and no patient needed valve replacement postoperatively. There was one late death; at one year, another 3 patients were lost to follow-up, and the others were alive without tumor recurrence. Because of the embolic risk inherent to intracardiac masses and our relatively good postoperative outcomes, we recommend the surgical resection of all left-sided papillary fibroelastomas in surgical candidates, and we discuss with patients the advisability of resecting right-sided lesions. PMID:27127431

  7. Cardiac Papillary Fibroelastoma: Single-Institution Experience with 14 Surgical Patients.

    PubMed

    Abu Saleh, Walid K; Al Jabbari, Odeaa; Ramlawi, Basel; Reardon, Michael J

    2016-04-01

    In general, treatment for symptomatic and asymptomatic cardiac papillary fibroelastoma is surgical resection-particularly of left-sided lesions, because of the risk of systemic embolization. However, few institutions have enough experience with these tumors to validate this approach. We present our institutional experience with papillary fibroelastoma and discuss our current approach. We searched our institution's cardiac tumor database, identified all patients diagnosed with cardiac papillary fibroelastoma from 1992 through 2014, and recorded the clinical and pathologic characteristics of each case. We found 14 patients (mean age, 60.5 ± 12.3 yr) who had 18 lesions. Eleven patients (79%) were symptomatic; however, we could not always definitively associate their symptoms with a cardiac tumor. Most lesions were solitary and ≤1.5 cm in diameter; half involved the left side of the heart. All 18 lesions were surgically excised. There were no operative or 30-day deaths, and no patient needed valve replacement postoperatively. There was one late death; at one year, another 3 patients were lost to follow-up, and the others were alive without tumor recurrence. Because of the embolic risk inherent to intracardiac masses and our relatively good postoperative outcomes, we recommend the surgical resection of all left-sided papillary fibroelastomas in surgical candidates, and we discuss with patients the advisability of resecting right-sided lesions.

  8. Stories from early-career women physicians who have left academic medicine: a qualitative study at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Levine, Rachel B; Lin, Fenny; Kern, David E; Wright, Scott M; Carrese, Joseph

    2011-06-01

    The number of women in academic medicine has steadily increased, although gender parity still does not exist and women leave academics at somewhat higher rates than men. The authors investigated the reasons why women leave careers in academic medicine. Semistructured, one-on-one interviews were conducted in 2007-2008 with 20 women physicians who had left a single academic institution to explore their reasons for opting out of academic careers. Data analysis was iterative, and an editing analysis style was used to derive themes. A lack of role models for combining career and family responsibilities, frustrations with research (funding difficulties, poor mentorship, competition), work-life balance, and the institutional environment (described as noncollaborative and biased in favor of male faculty) emerged as key factors associated with a decision to leave academic medicine for respondents. Faced with these challenges, respondents reevaluated their priorities and concluded that a discrepancy existed between their own and institutional priorities. Many respondents expressed divergent views with the institutional norms on how to measure success and, as a consequence, felt that they were undervalued at work. Participants report a disconnection between their own priorities and those of the dominant culture in academic medicine. Efforts to retain women faculty in academic medicine may include exploring the aspects of an academic career that they value most and providing support and recognition accordingly.

  9. Diagnostic imaging in paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome: retrospective single site study and literature review of 225 patients.

    PubMed

    Lehman, Vance T; Barrick, Benjamin J; Pittelkow, Mark R; Peller, Patrick J; Camilleri, Michael J; Lehman, Julia S

    2015-04-01

    The utility of diagnostic imaging in paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome (PAMS) is unknown. We examined the role of diagnostic imaging in patients with PAMS evaluated at our tertiary referral center (at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA) and in the English literature between January 1, 1996, and August 31, 2012. We included 17 patients from our institution and 208 patients from the literature review. Of these 225 patients, 113 (50.2%) were not known to have a malignancy diagnosis at the time of PAMS diagnosis. Of the 123 patients from our institution and from the literature reported to undergo imaging studies, conventional computed tomography (CT) was the predominant imaging modality (n = 110; 89.4%); 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT was also used, albeit infrequently (n = 12; 9.8%). When CT was included in imaging to identify or confirm the presence of a malignancy, imaging was successful in all patients who ultimately were diagnosed with an associated malignancy. At our institution, a relatively high percentage (n = 7; 41%) of patients had 18F-FDG PET/CT, which not only identified all tumors found on CT but also facilitated staging of lymphoma and guided biopsy procedures. Diagnostic imaging is frequently utilized in PAMS with unknown malignancy. Both conventional CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT are likely to detect the typical underlying neoplasms. Relative to conventional CT, 18F-FDG PET/CT may provide additional useful information regarding prognosis for the likely underlying malignancies, although there is a paucity of reports describing the use of this modality for this purpose. © 2014 The International Society of Dermatology.

  10. 76 FR 52328 - Single Source Cooperative Agreement Award for the Gorgas Memorial Institute of Health Studies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-22

    ...-terrorism agents and novel influenza viruses. The amount of Single Source award is $200,000. The project..., slowing or otherwise limiting the threat or actual spread of bio-terrorism agents or a pandemic to...

  11. Lupus pneumonitis as the initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus: case series from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Wan, S A; Teh, C L; Jobli, A T

    2016-11-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to examine the clinical features, treatment and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in our centre who presented with lupus pneumonitis as the initial manifestation. Methods We performed a retrospective review of all patients who presented with lupus pneumonitis during the initial SLE manifestation from March 2006 to March 2015. Results There were a total of five patients in our study who presented with fever and cough as the main clinical features. All patients had pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiographs. High-resolution computed tomography, which was performed in two patients, showed ground glass opacities with patchy consolidations bilaterally. All patients received high-dose steroids, 80% received intravenous cyclophosphamide and 60% received intravenous immunoglobulin. Two patients died from severe lupus pneumonitis within 2 weeks of admission despite treatment with ventilation, steroids, cyclophosphamide and intravenous immunoglobulin. Conclusions Acute lupus pneumonitis is an uncommon presentation of SLE. Mortality in this case series is 40%.

  12. Resection and anastomosis for benign tracheal stenosis: Single institution experience of 18 cases.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Arvind; Asaf, Belal Bin; Puri, Harsh Vardhan; Abdellateef, Amr

    2017-01-01

    Tracheal stenosis is a complex condition caused by altered inflammatory response to injury and subsequent excessive circumferential scar formation. Surgical resection, wherever possible, offers the best long-term results. Nonsurgical methods provide immediate relief to all can be curative in few but mostly serve as an excellent bridge to surgery in majority. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the outcome following surgery for benign tracheal stenosis at our center. This retrospective analysis was conducted on 18 patients who underwent resection and anastomosis for tracheal stenosis at our center between March 2012 and December 2015. Their records were analyzed for demography, history, clinical presentation, computed tomography, bronchoscopy details, preoperative interventions, indications for and details of surgery, the procedure performed, postoperative complications, and course during 6 months follow-up. The patients had a varied list of pathologies for which they were either intubated or tracheostomized. The length of stenosis ranged between 1 cm and 4 cm. The diameter of stenotic segment ranged between 0 mm and 10 mm. Average length of resected segment was 3 cm, and number of tracheal rings resected ranged from 2 to 9. Postoperative complications occurred in four patients (22.22%). All our patients were in the "excellent outcome" category at discharge as well as at 3 months follow-up. Surgical management of tracheal stenosis is challenging and requires multidisciplinary team approach. Thorough preoperative preparation and multidisciplinary planning regarding need for and timing of surgery, meticulous intraoperative technique, and aggressive postoperative care is key to successful surgery, which can provide long-lasting cure to these patients.

  13. Readability of patient education materials in ophthalmology: a single-institution study and systematic review.

    PubMed

    Williams, Andrew M; Muir, Kelly W; Rosdahl, Jullia A

    2016-08-03

    Patient education materials should be written at a level that is understandable for patients with low health literacy. The aims of this study are (1) to review the literature on readability of ophthalmic patient education materials and (2) to evaluate and revise our institution's patient education materials about glaucoma using evidence-based guidelines on writing for patients with low health literacy. A systematic search was conducted on the PubMed/MEDLINE database for studies that have evaluated readability level of ophthalmic patient education materials, and the reported readability scores were assessed. Additionally, we collected evidence-based guidelines for writing easy-to-read patient education materials, and these recommendations were applied to revise 12 patient education handouts on various glaucoma topics at our institution. Readability measures, including Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), and word count were calculated for the original and revised documents. The original and revised versions of the handouts were then scored in random order by two glaucoma specialists using the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM) instrument, a grading scale used to evaluate suitability of health information materials for patients. Paired t test was used to analyze changes in readability measures, word count, and SAM score between original and revised handouts. Finally, five glaucoma patients were interviewed to discuss the revised materials, and patient feedback was analyzed qualitatively. Our literature search included 13 studies that evaluated a total of 950 educational materials. Among the mean FKGL readability scores reported in these studies, the median was 11 (representing an eleventh-grade reading level). At our institution, handouts' readability averaged a tenth-grade reading level (FKGL = 10.0 ± 1.6), but revising the handouts improved their readability to a sixth-grade reading level (FKGL = 6.4 ± 1.2) (p < 0.001). Additionally, the

  14. Analysis of the Influence of Lunar Cycle on the Frequency of Spontaneous Deliveries: A Single-centre Retrospective Study.

    PubMed

    Laganà, A S; Burgio, M A; Retto, G; Pizzo, A; Sturlese, E; Granese, R; Chiofalo, B; Ciacimino, L; Triolo, O

    2014-01-01

    Man, since ancient times, has been convinced of, and has researched scientific evidence that the barometric and gravitational forces play an important role in structural and biological variation of the planets, influencing the various forms of life. In particular, the synergistic relationships between variations in atmospheric pressure and gravitational forces on human gestation period have been the subject of rigorous observations and statistical calculations, which have not led to a universal conclusion in literature. The aim of our work was to check whether there is a higher incidence of spontaneous deliveries, during the periods of full Moon than during the other phases of the Moon. We performed a retrospective analysis of 327 non-induced vaginal deliveries in a year, divided by month. We subsequently analyzed the incidence of these deliveries during periods of full Moon Vs other lunar phases. We evidenced a statistically significant difference between the annual total spontaneous deliveries happened in full Moon periods Vs all other Moon phases (T= 2,3948; p=0,0256). However, we reported a discordant trend of deliveries in full Moon period, depending on each considered month. Since these differences were found both in increase and decrease, it is unacceptable the assumption of a linear correlation between periods of full Moon and increased frequency of spontaneous deliveries. For this reason, our data allow us to conclude that there is no need to increase the number of doctors and midwives in obstetric units during these periods.

  15. Tetracycline- and furazolidone-containing quadruple regimen as rescue treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection: a single center retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yuemiao; Gao, Wen; Cheng, Hong; Zhang, Xuezhi; Hu, Fulian

    2014-10-01

    Eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori decreases worldwide, while antibiotics resistance rates of H. pylori increase rapidly in recent years. In most cases, H. pylori would be resistant to clarithromycin, metronidazole, and quinolone if these antibiotics had been used as component of eradication regimen. H. pylori strains resistant to both tetracycline and furazolidone are rare. The aim of our study was to evaluate efficacy and side effects of tetracycline- and furazolidone-containing quadruple regimen as rescue treatment. Patients with H. pylori infection given RTFB (rabeprazole 20 mg b.i.d. + tetracycline 750 mg b.i.d. +furazolidone 100 mg b.i.d. + colloidal bismuth subcitrate 200 mg b.i.d.) regimen for 14 days as rescue treatment were enrolled in this retrospective study. Eradication status was evaluated by (13) C-urea breath test, and side effects were collected. One hundred and nine patients were enrolled. The intention-to-treat eradication rate was 91.74% (100 of 109) and 95.24% (100 of 105) per protocol analysis. Side effects including fever, palpitation, and skin rash occurred in 35 patients. The 14-day tetracycline- and furazolidone-containing quadruple regimen can achieve a relatively high eradication rate as rescue treatment. Some side effects including fever may occur during the treatment. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Hypothyroidism Potentially Linked to Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Retrospective Study at a Single Tertiary Academic Medical Center.

    PubMed

    Ahadiat, Omeed; Higgins, Shauna; Trodello, Cameron; Talmor, Guy; Kokot, Niels; Wysong, Ashley

    2017-08-07

    There are multiple known risk factors for the development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). To determine whether patients with cutaneous SCC have a higher prevalence of hypothyroidism than the general US population. A retrospective review was performed for patients seen at the University of Southern California with cutaneous SCC. Chart review was performed for the presence of hypothyroidism and thyroid replacement therapy before the diagnosis of SCC for each patient. Multiple prevalence studies were gathered from the literature for comparison, reporting the prevalence of overt and subclinical hypothyroidism in the general US population and/or elderly US population. Of the 265 patients diagnosed with SCC of the skin, 61 (23%) of patients were found to have a preceding diagnosis of hypothyroidism. The prevalence of hypothyroidism among the population of SCC patients was significantly greater than the prevalence of hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical) in any general and/or elderly US population reported. Patients with SCC of skin are more likely to have a history of hypothyroidism than the general population. The authors conclude that hypothyroidism may be linked to the development of cutaneous SCC.

  17. The influence of coagulopathy on outcome after traumatic subdural hematoma: a retrospective single-center analysis of 319 patients.

    PubMed

    Lemcke, Johannes; Al-Zain, Ferass; von der Brelie, Christian; Ebenau, Martina; Meier, Ullrich

    2014-06-01

    The aim of this study was to identify the effects of coagulopathy on the outcome of patients with traumatic subdural hematoma (SDH). Based on a retrospective study, the records of all patients admitted between 2001 and 2007 to a large emergency hospital with acute SDH resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI) were analyzed. An initial Glasgow coma score (GCS), clinical state, and Glasgow outcome score (GOS) were recorded for all patients. All computer assisted tomography and MRI scans obtained from patients were saved on an electronic storage device and were reviewed by a neurosurgeon and a neuroradiologist. The coagulation parameters were analyzed for all patients. Coagulopathy was defined as international normalized ratio more than 1.2 or partial thromboplastin time more than 37 s. One hundred and five women and 214 men aged between 1 and 100 years (mean 59 years) were included in the study. Patients with coagulopathy had a significantly worse outcome. Almost twice as many patients died in the coagulopathy group (mean GOS 3.10 ± 1.46) than in the group without coagulopathy (mean GOS 2.16 ± 1.45), (P < 0.001). In-hospital mortality is twice as frequent in patients with coagulopathy with traumatic SDH compared with noncoagulopathic patients, even if the initial severity of the TBI does not differ.

  18. Acetabular spacers in 2-stage hip revision: is it worth it? A single-centre retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Burastero, Giorgio; Basso, Marco; Carrega, Giuliana; Cavagnaro, Luca; Chiarlone, Francesco; Salomone, Carlo; Papa, Gabriele; Felli, Lamberto

    2017-03-31

    The aim of this work is to evaluate an acetabular antibiotic loaded bone cement spacer in 2-stage revision surgery as a potential approach able to reduce complications during the inter-stage period (i.e. dislocation, acetabular wear), as well as simplify 2-stage hip revision surgery and improve hip biomechanics. We performed a retrospective comparative study and evaluated clinical, radiological and surgical data of 71 patients affected by periprosthetic hip infection who were treated with 2-stage exchange. 31 patients were treated using an acetabular spacer in addition to the femoral (group A) while 40 underwent a standard revision surgery (femoral spacer only, group B). Mean time of surgery for the first stage was 148 ± 59 minutes and 142 ± 45 minutes for group A and B respectively; we noted a statistically significant reduction (26 min, p = 0.015) in the same parameter for the second stage (83 ± 35 minutes for group A and 109 ± 36 minutes for group B). We observed the following interstage complications: 5 femoral spacer dislocations (1 for group A and 4 for group B); 1 spacer fracture (group B), 1 spacer fracture (group A), 2 periprosthetic fractures (group B) and 2 patients with acetabular spacer instability (group B). Additionally, we observed a significant improvement in leg length restoration for group A (p = 0.03). Our data show that the acetabular spacer technique is able to reduce the interstage complication rate and allow improved hip biomechanics restoration.

  19. Role of laparoscopy in non-trauma emergency pediatric surgery: a 5-year, single center experience a retrospective descriptive study with literature review.

    PubMed

    Abbas, Tariq O; Hayati, Ahmed; Ali, Mansour

    2012-10-05

    Although laparoscopy is rapidly becoming the abdominal surgical modality of choice in adults, there are obstacles to its use in children. We analyzed our experience with pediatric laparoscopic surgery over the past 5 years, with particular emphasis on emergency procedures. We retrospectively evaluated the records of patients aged <14 years who had undergone laparoscopic procedures for non-trauma emergency conditions at our institution from January 2006 to December 2010. The clinical parameters evaluated included operation time, total length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications.During the 5-year study period, 482 laparoscopic procedures were performed on patients aged <14 years, comprising 300 emergency and 182 elective operations. The majority of procedures were laparoscopic appendectomies, with most of the others being resections of ovarian cysts or Meckel's diverticulae, or adhesiolyses. We observed an improvement in outcomes over the 5-year period, as shown by shorter operation times and shorter postoperative hospital stays. The numbers of laparoscopic procedures performed increased over time. Pediatric laparoscopic surgery for emergency conditions provides excellent results, including better exposure and cosmetic outcomes than laparotomy. At our institution, the numbers and types of laparoscopic procedures performed have increased over time, and the outcomes of laparoscopic procedures have improved.

  20. Role of laparoscopy in non-trauma emergency pediatric surgery: a 5-year, single center experience a retrospective descriptive study with literature review

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Although laparoscopy is rapidly becoming the abdominal surgical modality of choice in adults, there are obstacles to its use in children. We analyzed our experience with pediatric laparoscopic surgery over the past 5 years, with particular emphasis on emergency procedures. Findings We retrospectively evaluated the records of patients aged <14 years who had undergone laparoscopic procedures for non-trauma emergency conditions at our institution from January 2006 to December 2010. The clinical parameters evaluated included operation time, total length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications. During the 5-year study period, 482 laparoscopic procedures were performed on patients aged <14 years, comprising 300 emergency and 182 elective operations. The majority of procedures were laparoscopic appendectomies, with most of the others being resections of ovarian cysts or Meckel’s diverticulae, or adhesiolyses. We observed an improvement in outcomes over the 5-year period, as shown by shorter operation times and shorter postoperative hospital stays. The numbers of laparoscopic procedures performed increased over time. Conclusions Pediatric laparoscopic surgery for emergency conditions provides excellent results, including better exposure and cosmetic outcomes than laparotomy. At our institution, the numbers and types of laparoscopic procedures performed have increased over time, and the outcomes of laparoscopic procedures have improved. PMID:23035990

  1. Molecular characterization and antifungal susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans strains collected from a single institution in Lima, Peru.

    PubMed

    Bejar, Vilma; Tello, Mercedes; García, Ruth; Guevara, José M; Gonzales, Sofia; Vergaray, German; Valencia, Esther; Abanto, Enma; Ortega-Loayza, Alex G; Hagen, Ferry; Gutierrez, Ericson L

    2015-01-01

    Cryptococcosis is a fungal infection with a worldwide distribution, mainly caused by Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii. To molecularly characterize the mating-types, serotypes, genotypes and antifungal susceptibility profiles of a set of retrospectively isolated C. neoformans strains from Lima, Peru. A set of 32 Cryptococcus spp. strains from the Institute of Tropical Medicine of the National University of San Marcos, Lima, Peru, were included in this retrospective study. Twenty-four strains were isolated from patients, while the remaining 8 were isolated from the environment. Using conventional PCR, 27 (84.4%) of the isolates were identified as C. neoformans var. grubii mating-type alpha and serotype A. Using the AFLP fingerprinting, it was shown that 16 (50%) of the C. neoformans strains were genotype AFLP1, 13 (40.6%) were genotype AFLP1B, 2 (6.3%) were genotype AFLP2, and 1 (3.1%) was found to be a hybrid between both C. neoformans varieties (genotype AFLP3). The antifungal susceptibility profiles for amphotericin B, fluconazole and voriconazole showed that all the 32 C. neoformans are sensitive to these antifungal compounds. In this study we observed that C. neoformans var. grubii (AFLP1 and AFLP1B) and C. neoformans var. neoformans (AFLP2) were the only cryptococcal varieties involved. All strains were found to be sensitive to the antifungals tested, results that are consistent with those found in the international literature. Copyright © 2013 Revista Iberoamericana de Micología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  2. Single-Fraction Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) Alone Versus Surgical Resection and SRS for Large Brain Metastases: A Multi-institutional Analysis.

    PubMed

    Prabhu, Roshan S; Press, Robert H; Patel, Kirtesh R; Boselli, Danielle M; Symanowski, James T; Lankford, Scott P; McCammon, Robert J; Moeller, Benjamin J; Heinzerling, John H; Fasola, Carolina E; Asher, Anthony L; Sumrall, Ashley L; Buchwald, Zachary S; Curran, Walter J; Shu, Hui-Kuo G; Crocker, Ian; Burri, Stuart H

    2017-10-01

    Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) dose is limited by brain metastasis (BM) size. The study goal was to retrospectively determine whether there is a benefit for intracranial outcomes and overall survival (OS) for gross total resection with single-fraction SRS versus SRS alone for patients with large BMs. A large BM was defined as ≥4 cm(3) (2 cm in diameter) prior to the study. We reviewed the records of consecutive patients treated with single-fraction SRS alone or surgery with preoperative or postoperative SRS between 2005 and 2013 from 2 institutions. Overall, 213 patients with 223 treated large BMs were included; 66 BMs (30%) were treated with SRS alone and 157 (70%) with surgery and SRS (63 preoperatively and 94 postoperatively). The groups (SRS vs surgery and SRS) were well balanced except regarding lesion volume (median, 5.9 cm(3) vs 9.6 cm(3); P<.001), median number of BMs (1.5 vs 1, P=.002), median SRS dose (18 Gy vs 15 Gy, P<.001), and prior whole-brain radiation therapy (33% vs 5%, P<.001). The local recurrence (LR) rate was significantly lower with surgery and SRS (1-year LR rate, 36.7% vs 20.5%; P=.007). There was no difference in radiation necrosis (RN) by resection status, but there was a significantly increased RN rate with postoperative SRS versus with preoperative SRS and with SRS alone (1-year RN rate, 22.6% vs 5% and 12.3%, respectively; P<.001). OS was significantly higher with surgery and SRS (2-year OS rate, 38.9% vs 19.8%; P=.01). Both multivariate adjusted analyses and propensity score-matched analyses demonstrated similar results. In this retrospective study, gross total resection with SRS was associated with significantly reduced LR compared with SRS alone for patients with large BMs. Postoperative SRS was associated with the highest rate of RN. Surgical resection with SRS may improve outcomes in patients with a limited number of large BMs compared with SRS alone. Further studies are warranted. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All

  3. Prophylactic adjacent-segment vertebroplasty following kyphoplasty for a single osteoporotic vertebral fracture and the risk of adjacent fractures: a retrospective study and clinical experience.

    PubMed

    Eichler, Martin C; Spross, Christian; Ewers, Alexander; Mayer, Ryan; Külling, Fabrice A

    2016-10-01

    OBJECTIVE This study investigated the benefit of prophylactic vertebroplasty of the adjacent vertebrae in single-segment osteoporotic vertebral body fractures treated with kyphoplasty. METHODS All patients treated with kyphoplasty for osteoporotic single-segment fractures between January 2007 and August 2012 were included in this retrospective study. The patients received either kyphoplasty alone (kyphoplasty group) or kyphoplasty with additional vertebroplasty of the adjacent segment (vertebroplasty group). The segmental kyphosis with the rate of adjacent-segment fractures (ASFs) and remote fractures were studied on plain lateral radiographs preoperatively, postoperatively, at 3 months, and at final follow-up. RESULTS Thirty-seven (82%) of a possible 45 patients were included for the analysis, with a mean follow-up of 16 months (range 3-54 months). The study population included 31 women, and the mean age of the total patient population was 72 years old (range 53-86 years). In 21 patients (57%), the fracture was in the thoracolumbar junction. Eighteen patients were treated with additional vertebroplasty and 19 with kyphoplasty only. The segmental kyphosis increased in both groups at final follow-up. A fracture through the primary treated vertebra (kyphoplasty) was found in 4 (22%) of the vertebroplasty group and in 3 (16%) of the kyphoplasty group (p = 0.6). An ASF was found in 50% (n = 9) of the vertebroplasty group and in 16% (n = 3) of the kyphoplasty group (p = 0.03). Remote fractures occurred in 1 patient in each group (p = 1.0). CONCLUSIONS Prophylactic vertebroplasty of the adjacent vertebra in patients with single-segment osteoporotic fractures as performed in this study did not decrease the rate of adjacent fractures. Based on these retrospective data, the possible benefits of prophylactic vertebroplasty do not compensate for the possible risks of an additional cement augmentation.

  4. Spanning the genomics era: the vital role of a single institution biorepository for childhood cancer research over a decade

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Li

    2015-01-01

    The ‘genomics era’ is considered to have begun with the commencement of the Human Genome Project. As translational genomic studies can only be established when human tissue samples are available for analysis, biospecimens are now proven to be an essential element for their success. During the genomics era the necessity for more extensive biobanking infrastructure has been highlighted. With the increased number of genomic studies into cancer, it is considered that the availability of biospecimens will become the rate limiting step. Despite the efforts in international biobanking, translational genomics is hampered when there low numbers of biospecimens for a particular rare diseases and is most apparent for paediatric cancer. As there is a call for biobanking practice to be responsive to the current experimental needs of the time and for more expansive systems of tissue procurement to be established we have asked the question what role does a single institution biorepository play in the current highly networked world of translational genomics. Here we describe such a case. The Tumour Bank at The Children’s Hospital at Westmead (TB-CHW) in the western suburbs of Sydney was formally established in 1998 as a key resource for translational paediatric cancer research. During the genomics era, we show that the TB-CHW has developed into a key biospecimen repository for the cancer research community, during which time it has increasingly found itself having a vital role in the establishment of translational genomics for paediatric cancer. Here we detail metrics that demonstrate how as a single institution biorepository, the TB-CHW has been a strong participant in the advancement of translational genomics throughout the genomics era. This paper describes the significant contribution of a single institutional hospital embedded tumour biobank to the genomic research community. Despite the increased stringencies placed on biobanking practice, the TB-CHW has shown that a

  5. Optical characterization of an unknown single layer: Institut Fresnel contribution to the Optical Interference Coatings 2004 Topical Meeting Measurement Problem.

    PubMed

    Lemarchand, Fabien; Deumié, Carole; Zerrad, Myriam; Abel-Tiberini, Laëtitia; Bertussi, Bertrand; Georges, Gaëlle; Lazaridès, Basile; Cathelinaud, Michel; Lequime, Michel; Amra, Claude

    2006-03-01

    We present the characterizations performed at the Institut Fresnel for the Measurement Problem of the Optical Interference Coatings 2004 Topical Meeting. A single layer coated on a fused-silica substrate of unknown composition and parameters is analyzed in terms of optogeometrical parameters, uniformity, and scattering. We determine the refractive index and the average thickness of the coating, then provide the localized determination of the thickness with a 2 mm spatial resolution. Topography measurements include atomic force microscopy and angle-resolved scattering measurements. These results are completed thanks to a Taylor Hobson noncontact 3D surface profiler.

  6. Management of intra-abdominal abscesses in children with Crohn's disease: a 12-year, retrospective single-center review.

    PubMed

    Dotson, Jennifer L; Bashaw, Hillary; Nwomeh, Benedict; Crandall, Wallace V

    2015-05-01

    Intra-abdominal abscesses (IAA) are complications of Crohn's disease, which often result in hospitalization, surgery, and increased cost. Initial management may include medical therapy, percutaneous drainage (PD), or surgery, although the optimal management of IAA in children is unclear. Retrospective review of all pediatric patients with Crohn's disease who developed an IAA from January 1, 2000 to April 30, 2012. Three groups, based on initial IAA treatment modality (medical, PD, and surgery), were compared. Thirty cases of IAA were identified (mean age at IAA diagnosis, 15.4 ± 2.6 yr, 67% female, median Crohn's disease duration, 2.6 mo). Computed tomography was the most common initial (93%) and follow-up (47%) imaging. The average time to follow-up imaging was 8.5 days. For initial management, 18 received medical therapy, 10 PD, and 2 had surgery. The medical therapy group received more computed tomography scans for follow-up imaging than the PD group (12 [67%] versus 2 [20%], P = 0.046). There were no significant differences in abscess characteristics or management of posttreatment course between these 2 groups. Surgical resection occurred in 3 patients (17%) in the medical group and 2 (20%) in the PD group during index hospitalization. No significant differences were identified among treatment groups for readmissions, complications, or abscess recurrence. By 1 year, 12 of the 18 medically managed patients (67%) had surgery, and 6 of the 10 patients (60%) treated with initial PD ultimately had surgery. The majority of patients with IAA require definitive surgical treatment, and there were no clear predictors of those who did not.

  7. Oncologic safety of breast conserving surgery after tumour downsizing by neoadjuvant therapy: a retrospective single centre cohort study.

    PubMed

    Fitzal, F; Riedl, O; Mittlböck, M; Dubsky, P; Bartsch, R; Steger, G; Jakesz, R; Gnant, M

    2011-05-01

    The objective of this study is to analyse local recurrence rates in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT) comparing mastecomized (MX) patients with those undergoing breast conserving therapy (BCT). Patients undergoing breast cancer surgery after nCT (3xCMF or 3-6xED) between 1995 and 2007 at our department were retrospectively analysed. The median follow up was 60 months for 308 patients. Patients who were downsized from MX to BCT with partial or complete response (n = 104) had a similar local recurrence free survival (LRFS) compared to patients who did not experience successful downsizing (n = 67) and finally undergoing MX (LRFS MX-BCT 81% vs. MX-MX 91%; P = 0.79). Uni- and multivariate analyses demonstrated that BCT itself was not an independent prognostic factor for a worse LRFS (P = 0.07 and 0.14). After no pathologic change or progressive disease the risk of local recurrence was increased in patients undergoing BCT (MX-BCT; n = 6 LRFS 66%) compared with MX (n = 44; LRFS 90%; P = 0.04). Overall survival in general was better for the BCT group (n = 197) compared with MX group (n = 111) regardless of clinical response (92% vs. 72%; P < 0.0001). Breast conservation, nodal negativity and low or medium grade histology were prognostic factors for an improved OS (P = 0.02, 0.01, 0.004). In conclusion, our study suggests that BCT is oncologically safe after tumour downsizing by nCT in patients primarily scheduled for mastectomy. These patients, however, should not be treated with breast conservation in the absence of any proven response after nCT.

  8. Retrospective review of 200 children hospitalised with acute asthma. Identification of intervention points: a single centre study.

    PubMed

    Giarola, Blake F; McCallum, Gabrielle B; Bailey, Emily J; Morris, Peter S; Maclennan, Carolyn; Chang, Anne B

    2014-04-01

    Indigenous Australians with asthma have higher morbidity and mortality compared with non-Indigenous Australians. In children hospitalised with acute asthma, we aimed to (i) determine if acute severity, risk factors and management differed between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children; and (ii) identify intervention points to reduce morbidity and mortality of asthma. Retrospective review of 200 children hospitalised to Royal Darwin Hospital with asthma. We compared admission characteristics, severity indices, treatment, discharge plans and readmissions in Indigenous and non-Indigenous children. Median age was 3.6 years (interquartile range 2.2, 6.8). A significantly higher proportion of Indigenous children (95.2%) were exposed to tobacco smoke compared with non-Indigenous children (45.7%). The difference in proportions was -0.41 (95% confidence interval (CI) -0.60, -0.22). Other risk factors, asthma severity (moderate 83.9% vs. 83.3%; severe 16% vs. 16.1%), length of stay (1.9 vs. 1.3 days) and readmission rate (27.4% vs. 27.5%) were similar between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children. Indigenous children were significantly more likely to be followed up in a community clinic (difference in proportions = 0.10, 95% CI 0.1, 0.17) and less likely by a paediatrician. Only 62.5% of all children had an asthma action plan on discharge. Unlike other common respiratory diseases requiring hospitalisation, biological factors are unlikely major contributors to the known gap in asthma outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children. Intervention points include better identification, documentation and management of tobacco smoke exposure, delivery of salbutamol and discharge planning (including education and utilisation of asthma action plans). © 2013 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2013 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

  9. COHb Level and High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T in 2012 in Bursa, Turkey: A Retrospective Single-Center Study

    PubMed Central

    Huysal, Kagan; Ustundag Budak, Yasemin; Aydin, Ufuk; Demirci, Hakan; Turk, Tamer; Karadag, Mehmet

    2016-01-01

    Background Intoxication due to carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the most common types of poisoning. Cardiac effects of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) range from simple arrhythmias to myocardial infarction. Objectives The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between blood carboxyhemoglobin and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) level with a highly sensitive assay in patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning. Patients and Methods This retrospective study was conducted on 141 (54 males and 87 females) patients, with acute CO intoxication, admitted to the Sevket Yilmaz research and education hospital emergency unit during a one-year period (January 2012 - January 2013). The patients were divided into three groups based on COHb levels: Group I, mild COHb level < 15%; Group II, COHb between 15% and 25%; Group III, severe acute CO intoxication COHb levels > 25%. COHb, hs-cTnT (Stat), creatine kinase (CK) and creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) levels were measured on admission. Results The mean age of the patients was 38 ± 16 years. COHb levels ranged from 8 to 35. hs-cTnT levels on inclusion in this study were slightly different between the groups (P = 0.05). COHb levels with hs-cTnT values were weakly correlated (r = 0.173, P = 0.041); on the other hand, CK-MB levels were not correlated with COHb (r = 0.013, P = 0.883). Conclusions In patients without clear signs of myocardial infarction, even mild CO poisoning was associated with quantifiable circulating levels of hs-cTnT when TnT was measured using a highly sensitive assay in the current study patients. Plasma levels of the hs-TnT and CK-MB assays were not correlated with the COHb levels in the current study patients. PMID:27437130

  10. Survival in refractory coeliac disease and enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma: retrospective evaluation of single-centre experience.

    PubMed

    Al-Toma, A; Verbeek, W H M; Hadithi, M; von Blomberg, B M E; Mulder, C J J

    2007-10-01

    Coeliac disease may be regarded as refractory disease (RCD) when symptoms persist or recur despite strict adherence to a gluten-free diet. RCD may be subdivided into types I and II with a phenotypically normal and aberrant intraepithelial T-cell population, respectively. RCD I seems to respond well to azathioprine/prednisone therapy. RCD II is usually resistant to any known therapy and transition into enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) is common. To provide further insight into RCD and the development of EATL, by reporting on long-term survival and risk of transition of RCD into EATL in a large cohort of patients with complicated coeliac disease. Retrospective comparison of responses to therapy in four groups of patients with complicated coeliac disease: 43, RCD I; 50, RCD II (total), of whom 26 with RCD II developed EATL after a period of refractoriness to a gluten-free diet (secondary EATL) and 13 were EATL patients without preceding history of complicated coeliac disease (de novo EATL). No coeliac-disease-related mortality was recognised in the RCD I group. The overall 5-year survival in the RCD I group it was 96%; in the RCD II (total) group was 58%; and in the RCD II group after developing EATL it was only 8%. The 2-year survival in the de novo EATL group was 20% versus 15% in secondary EATL group (p = 0.63). Twenty-eight (56%) of the 50 patients with RCD II died, 23 (46%) due to EATL, 4 due to a progressive refractory state with emaciation and 1 from neurocoeliac disease. Remarkably, no patient with RCD I developed RCD II or EATL within the mean follow-up period of 5 years (range 2-15 years). A total of 52% of the RCD II patients developed EATL within 4-6 years after the diagnosis of RCD II. More aggressive and targeted therapies seem necessary in RCD II and EATL.

  11. Pigmented villonodular synovitis: a retrospective single-center study of 122 cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ottaviani, Sébastien; Ayral, Xavier; Dougados, Maxime; Gossec, Laure

    2011-06-01

    Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare but disabling disease. The objective was to describe the clinical presentation and outcomes of PVNS according to its localization. Retrospective, systematic study of all cases of biopsy-proven PVNS followed in 1 tertiary-care center specialized in isotopic synoviorthesis. Cases were selected by keyword. Collected data included disease localization, therapeutic modalities, and outcomes. A total of 122 cases (mean age 33.0 ± 13.1 years, 58% female, 89% diffuse form) of histologically confirmed PVNS were analyzed with a mean follow-up of 5.8 ± 4.3 years (707 patient-years total). The main localizations were the knee (75%) and ankle (16%). Clinical presentation included joint pain (80%) and joint effusion (79%) with hemarthrosis (75% of analyzed articular fluid). The mean delay before diagnosis was 2.9 ± 3.7 years. Magnetic resonance imaging was helpful for diagnosis in 83%. Surgical synovectomy was initially performed in 98% of cases and was often associated with isotopic synoviorthesis (knee: 57%; other localizations: 74%). In patients with a diffuse form treated at first line by surgery followed by isotopic synoviorthesis, the relapse rate was 30% (knee) and 9% (other localizations), respectively, with a mean delay before relapse of 2.6 ± 2.4 and 2.4 ± 0.9 years, respectively. PVNS occurs in young adults, mainly in the knee joint; joint pain and effusion with hemarthrosis are the most frequent signs. Relapse is frequent, in particular, for diffuse knee PVNS; the usefulness of isotopic synoviorthesis remains to be confirmed. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. The association between surgical complications and the POSSUM score in head and neck reconstruction: a retrospective single-center study.

    PubMed

    Makino, Yohjiroh; Ishida, Katsuhiro; Kishi, Keita; Kodama, Hiroki; Miyawaki, Takeshi

    2017-09-07

    The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the Enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM) is widely used to predict surgical complications affecting various organs. However, there are few reports about objective evaluation methods for head and neck surgery. In this study, we retrospectively examined the association between POSSUM score and actual surgical complications of head and neck reconstruction surgery. In total, 711 patients who underwent head and neck reconstruction after cancer extirpation between January 2007 and January 2015 were studied. The predicted risk of complications was calculated using the POSSUM score and compared with the actual rate of perioperative complications. Perioperative complications occurred in 178 (25%) patients, comprising systemic complications in 52 (7%) patients, surgical site infection of the head and neck area in 78 (11%) patients and failure of the free flap in 55 (8.8%) patients. When patients were divided into a perioperative complication group and a no-complication group, a significant difference between the two groups was observed in the predicted postoperative rate calculated from the POSSUM score (p < .0001, odds ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval = 1.02-1.04). Furthermore, the cutoff value of the POSSUM score calculated from the receiver operating characteristic curve using Youden's index was 43.0%. POSSUM is a useful risk indicator for head and neck reconstruction surgery. It is possible to objectively calculate the prediction level using a standard assessment method without adding burden to any medical facility. Therefore, patients may be considered at high risk for perioperative complications when the POSSUM score is 43.0% or higher.

  13. Risk Factors of Preoperative and Early Postoperative Seizures in Patients with Meningioma: A Retrospective Single-Center Cohort Study.

    PubMed

    Skardelly, Marco; Rother, Christian; Noell, Susan; Behling, Felix; Wuttke, Thomas V; Schittenhelm, Jens; Bisdas, Sotirios; Meisner, Christoph; Rona, Sabine; Tabatabai, Ghazaleh; Roser, Florian; Tatagiba, Marcos Soares

    2017-01-01

    Well-defined risk factors for the identification of patients with meningioma who might benefit from preoperative or early postoperative seizure prophylaxis are unknown. We investigated and quantified risk factors to determine individual risks of seizure occurrence in patients with meningioma. A total of 634 adult patients with meningioma were included in this retrospective cohort study. Patient gender and age, tumor location, grade and volume, usage of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and extent of resection were determined. Preoperative and early postoperative seizures occurred in 15% (n = 97) and 5% (n = 21) of the patients, respectively. Overall, 502 and 418 patients were eligible for multivariate logistic regression analyses of preoperative and early postoperative seizures, respectively. Male gender (odds ratio [OR], 2.06; P = 0.009), a non-skull base location (OR, 4.43; P < 0.001), and a tumor volume of >8 cm(3) (OR, 3.05; P = 0.002) were associated with a higher risk of preoperative seizures and were used to stratify the patients into 3 prognostic groups. The high-risk subgroup of patients with meningioma showed a seizure rate of >40% (OR, 9.8; P < 0.001). Only a non-skull base tumor location (OR, 2.61; P = 0.046) was identified as a significant risk factor for early postoperative seizures. AEDs did not reduce early postoperative seizure occurrence. Seizure prophylaxis might be considered for patients at high risk of developing seizures who are for other reasons being considered for watchful waiting instead of resection. In contrast, our data do not provide any evidence of the efficacy of perioperative AEDs in patients with meningioma. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Long-term outcomes of peroral endoscopic myotomy for patients with achalasia: a retrospective single-center study.

    PubMed

    Guo, H; Yang, H; Zhang, X; Wang, L; Lv, Y; Zou, X; Ling, T

    2017-05-01

    Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been widely applied to the treatment of achalasia. The aim of this study is to retrospectively investigate the long-term outcome of POEM in patients with achalasia. Patients undergoing POEM at our center with a minimum follow-up of 3 years were enrolled in this study. Relief of patients' symptom was defined as the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included lower esophageal sphincter pressure, esophageal emptying, symptoms relapse, and clinical reflux adverse events. The Chi-square test was performed to determine the potential predictors of surgical failure. Sixty-seven patients (aged 40.7 ± 15.3 years) were recruited in the study, with a mean follow-up period of 40.1 ± 2.8 months. At the final follow-up, the median Eckardt score reduced from 7.6 ± 2.3 preoperatively to 1.9 ± 1.7 (P < 0.001), the lower esophageal sphincter pressure was reduced from 35.4 ± 13.7 mmHg preoperatively to 8.9 ± 4.1 mmHg (P < 0.001), and the height of the barium column at 5 min after barium swallowed was reduced from 9.7 ± 1.6 cm preoperatively to 2.9 ± 2.1 cm (P < 0.001). Eight patients had symptoms relapse and nine patients developed reflux esophagitis. Type III achalasia was found to be indicative of surgical failure. POEM was a promising treatment for patients with achalasia, which can yield a long-term relief of the symptom and a low rate of clinical reflux adverse events.

  15. Predictors of Perioperative Acute Kidney Injury in Obese Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery: a Single-Centre Retrospective Cohort Study.

    PubMed

    Abdullah, Hairil Rizal; Tan, Tze Ping; Vaez, Mercedeh; Deb, Chameli; Farag, Naguib; Jackson, Timothy D; Wong, David Tai

    2016-07-01

    Obesity has been associated with increased risk of perioperative acute kidney injury (AKI). We aim to establish the incidence of AKI among patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery and identify potential risk factors. Records of 1230 patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery in a tertiary centre from 1 December 2009 to 31 January 2014 were retrospectively studied. AKI diagnosis was made by comparing the baseline and post-operative serum creatinine to determine the presence of predefined significant change based on the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) definition. Univariate analyses were performed to determine significant clinical factors, and multiple logistic regression analysis was subsequently done to determine independent predictors of AKI. Thirty-five (2.9 %) patients developed AKI during the first 72 h post-surgery. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed impaired renal function (OR 10.429, 95 % CI 3.560 to 30.552), use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (OR 3.038, 95 % CI 1.352 to 6.824), and body mass index (OR 1.048, 95 % CI 1.005 to 1.093) as independent predictors of perioperative acute kidney injury in the obese patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery. We found that the incidence of perioperative AKI among patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery is at 2.9 %. Impaired renal function, use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers and raised body mass index were found to be independent predictors of AKI. Patients with these risk factors could be considered at risk for developing perioperative AKI, and extra perioperative vigilance should be undertaken.

  16. Long-term effects of pegvisomant on comorbidities in patients with acromegaly: a retrospective single-center study

    PubMed Central

    Kuhn, Emmanuelle; Maione, Luigi; Bouchachi, Amir; Rozière, Myriam; Salenave, Sylvie; Brailly-Tabard, Sylvie; Young, Jacques; Kamenicky, Peter; Assayag, Patrick; Chanson, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Context The effect of pegvisomant on IGF1 levels in patients with acromegaly is well documented, but little is known of its long-term impact on comorbidity. Aim The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effects of long-term pegvisomant therapy on cardiorespiratory and metabolic comorbidity in patients with acromegaly. Patients and methods We analyzed the long-term (up to 10 years) effect of pegvisomant therapy given alone (n=19, 45%) or in addition to somatostatin analogues and/or cabergoline (n=23, 55%) on echocardiographic, polysomnographic and metabolic parameters in respectively 42, 12 and 26 patients with acromegaly followed in Bicêtre hospital. Results At the first cardiac evaluation, 20±16 months after pegvisomant introduction, IGF1 levels normalized in 29 (69%) of the 42 patients. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) improved significantly in patients whose basal LVEF was ≤60% and decreased in those whose LVEF was >70%. The left ventricular mass index (LVMi) decreased from 123±25 to 101±21 g/m2 (P<0.05) in the 17 patients with a basal LVMi higher than the median (91 g/m2), while it remained stable in the other patients. Pegvisomant reduced the apnoea–hypopnea index and cured obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in four of the eight patients concerned. Long-term follow-up of 22 patients showed continuing improvements in cardiac parameters. The BMI and LDL cholesterol level increased minimally during pegvisomant therapy, and other lipid parameters were not modified. Conclusions Long-term pegvisomant therapy not only normalizes IGF1 in a large proportion of patients but also improves cardiac and respiratory comorbidity. PMID:26429918

  17. Early Decompression of Acute Subdural Hematoma for Postoperative Neurological Improvement: A Single Center Retrospective Review of 10 Years

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Chang Hyun; Shim, Yu Shik; Hyun, Dongkeun; Park, Hyeonseon; Kim, Eunyoung

    2016-01-01

    Objective This study was conducted to investigate survival related factors, as well as to evaluate the effects of early decompression on acute subdural hematoma (ASDH). Methods We retrospectively reviewed cases of decompressive craniectomy (DC) for decade. In total, 198 cases of DC involved ASDH were available for review, and 65 cases were excluded due to missing data on onset time and a delayed operation after closed observation with medical care. Finally, 133 cases of DC with ASDH were included in this study, and various factors including the time interval between trauma onset and operation were evaluated. Results In the present study, survival rate after DC in patients with ASDH was shown to be related to patient age (50 years old, p=0.012), brain compression ratio (p=0.042) and brain stem compression (p=0.020). Sex, preoperative mental status, and time interval between trauma onset and operation were not related with survival rate. Among those that survived (n=78), improvements in Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of more than three points, compared to preoperative measurement, were more frequently observed among the early (less than 3 hours between trauma onset and operation) decompressed cases (p=0.013). However, improvements of more than 4 or 5 points on the GCS were not affected by early decompression. Conclusion Early decompression of ASDH was not correlated with survival rate, but was related with neurological improvement (more than three points on the GCS). Accordingly, early decompression in ASDH, if indicated, may be of particular benefit. PMID:27182496

  18. Functional outcome of extra-articular distal humerus fracture fixation using a single locking plate: A retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Trikha, Vivek; Agrawal, Prabhat; Das, Saubhik; Gaba, Sahil; Kumar, Arvind

    2017-01-01

    The optimal method for fixation of extra-articular distal humerus factures poses a management dilemma. Although various plate configurations have been proposed, anatomic shaped extra-articular distal humerus locking plates have emerged as a viable solution for these complex injuries. We assessed clinico-radiologic outcome in our retrospective case series of extra-articular distal humerus fractures managed with these plates. Forty-five patients of extra-articular distal humerus fractures, who were operated at our level 1 trauma centre between January, 2012 and December, 2016, were identified. After exclusion, 36 patients were available for the final assessment. All patients were operated with the triceps-reflecting modified posterior approach. Regular clinico-radiologic follow-up was done evaluating elbow functionality, fracture union, secondary displacement, non-union, implant failure and any complications; Mayo Elbow Performance score (MEPS) was used for the final functional assessment. Twenty-four (66.7%) male and 12 (33.3%) female patients constituted the study group, who had an average follow-up of 15 months. Preoperatively three patients and post-operatively one patient had radial nerve palsy; all had neurapraxia and recovered completely. Overall, 34 (94.4%) patients were adjudged to have complete radiological union within 3 months; 2 (5.5%) patients developed non-union. Mean flexion achieved was 122.9° ± 23°, and mean extension was -4.03° ± 6.5°; 1 patient with head injury developed flexion deformity of 45°. Average MEPS at the final follow-up was 90.8° ± 9.9°. Stable reconstruction and early initiation of physiotherapy are utilitarian to envision optimal outcome; the use of precontoured extra-articular distal humerus locking plates has yielded satisfactory results with minimal complications in our hands.

  19. Electrochemotherapy as a single or adjuvant treatment to surgery of cutaneous sarcoid tumours in horses: a 31-case retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Tozon, N; Kramaric, P; Kos Kadunc, V; Sersa, G; Cemazar, M

    2016-12-17

    The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of electrochemotherapy (ECT) with cisplatin as a single or adjuvant treatment for sarcoids in equids. Different treatment options with different success rates were proposed. Thirty-one horses and one donkey with different clinical type, size and location of tumours were treated with ECT as a single treatment (18 animals with 52 tumour nodules) or as adjuvant treatment with marginal surgical excision (14 animals with 18 tumour nodules). In animals treated only with ECT with cisplatin, complete response was obtained in 48/52 (92.3 per cent) nodules and partial response in the other 4 nodules (7.7 per cent). In most cases, one to three sessions, only in two cases four and in one case five sessions, every 4 weeks were needed to obtain the measurable response. During the observation time, only in one case was the recurrence noted 60 months after treatment. Complete response in all 18 tumour nodules treated with surgery and adjuvant ECT was obtained and only one recurrence was noted after 14 months during the observation time. The results of this study show that ECT with cisplatin is an effective, safe, and simple local treatment of sarcoids in equids. According to the tumour size and location, single or combined treatment should be performed. British Veterinary Association.

  20. Clinicopathologic characteristics and clinical outcomes of esophageal basaloid squamous carcinoma: experience at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Kumagai, Youichi; Nagata, Koji; Ishiguro, Toru; Haga, Norihiro; Kuwabara, Kohki; Sobajima, Jun; Kumamoto, Kensuke; Ishibashi, Keiichiro; Baba, Hiroyuki; Shimizu, Michio; Tamaru, Jun-ichi; Kawano, Tatsuyuki; Takubo, Kaiyo; Ishida, Hideyuki

    2013-01-01

    This retrospective study investigated the clinicopathologic characteristics and clinical outcomes of esophageal basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC). Among 190 patients with esophageal carcinoma treated surgically between 1998 and 2011, we identified 9 (4.7%) with BSC. All of the patients were male, with a median age of 65 years. The frequencies of venous invasion, lymphatic invasion, and lymph node metastasis were 56%, 89%, and 67%, respectively. A total of 2 patients were pathologic stage 1, 5 were stage 2, and 2 were stage 3. Tumor recurrence was observed in 56% of the patients. The 5-year survival rate for patients with esophageal BSC was 40%, which was compatible with the figure of 53.8% for control patients (n = 18) with typical squamous cell carcinoma matched for sex, age, tumor location, and pathologic stage (P = 0.45). Although esophageal BSC shows aggressive lymph-vascular invasion and has a high likelihood of recurrence, its prognosis seems identical to that of typical squamous cell carcinoma.

  1. Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes of Esophageal Basaloid Squamous Carcinoma: Experience at a Single Institution

    PubMed Central

    Kumagai, Youichi; Nagata, Koji; Ishiguro, Toru; Haga, Norihiro; Kuwabara, Kohki; Sobajima, Jun; Kumamoto, Kensuke; Ishibashi, Keiichiro; Baba, Hiroyuki; Shimizu, Michio; Tamaru, Jun-ichi; Kawano, Tatsuyuki; Takubo, Kaiyo; Ishida, Hideyuki

    2013-01-01

    This retrospective study investigated the clinicopathologic characteristics and clinical outcomes of esophageal basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC). Among 190 patients with esophageal carcinoma treated surgically between 1998 and 2011, we identified 9 (4.7%) with BSC. All of the patients were male, with a median age of 65 years. The frequencies of venous invasion, lymphatic invasion, and lymph node metastasis were 56%, 89%, and 67%, respectively. A total of 2 patients were pathologic stage 1, 5 were stage 2, and 2 were stage 3. Tumor recurrence was observed in 56% of the patients. The 5-year survival rate for patients with esophageal BSC was 40%, which was compatible with the figure of 53.8% for control patients (n = 18) with typical squamous cell carcinoma matched for sex, age, tumor location, and pathologic stage (P = 0.45). Although esophageal BSC shows aggressive lymph-vascular invasion and has a high likelihood of recurrence, its prognosis seems identical to that of typical squamous cell carcinoma. PMID:24229040

  2. Prognostic factors and survival rate of osteosarcoma: A single-institution study.

    PubMed

    Faisham, Wan Ismail; Mat Saad, Arman Zaharil; Alsaigh, Laith N; Nor Azman, Mat Z; Kamarul Imran, Musa; Biswal, Biswa M; Bhavaraju, Venkata Mk; Salzihan, Md Salleh; Hasnan, Jaafar; Ezane, Aziz M; Ariffin, Nasir; Norsarwany, Mohamad; Ziyadi, Mohamad G; Wan Azman, Wan Sulaiman; Halim, Ahmad Sukari; Zulmi, Wan

    2017-04-01

    Osteosarcoma is a highly malignant primary bone tumor. The study aim to evaluate the prognostic factors influencing the survival rate in our center. This was a retrospective cohort study of all patients treated between January 2005 and December 2010. We included 163 patients with an age range of 6-59 years (median = 19). The median follow-up was 47 months (range 36-84). The overall survival in patients who completed chemotherapy and surgery (n = 117) was 72% at 2 years and 44% at 5 years. Histologically, 99 (85%) had osteoblastic, 6 (5%) had chondroblastic and 3 (2.5%) had telangiectatic osteosarcoma. Limb salvage surgery was performed in 80 (49%) and 41 (25%) underwent amputation. However, 46 patients (28%) underwent no surgical intervention and incomplete chemotherapy. In total, 38/79 patients had a good chemotherapy response. There was a significantly better survival rate for limb salvage versus amputation. Independent prognostic factors for survival are compliance to treatment and presence of lung metastasis. The overall survival of osteosarcoma patients was influenced by the presence of pulmonary metastases and compliance to treatment. Histological subtype, different chemotherapy regimens and histological necrosis after chemotherapy did not significantly influence survival. The patients who did not complete treatment had significantly poorer survival. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  3. Blunt Traumatic Cardiac Rupture: Single-Institution Experiences over 14 Years

    PubMed Central

    Yun, Jeong Hee; Byun, Joung Hun; Kim, Sung Hwan; Moon, Sung Ho; Park, Hyun Oh; Hwang, Sang Won; Kim, Yong Hwan

    2016-01-01

    Background Blunt traumatic cardiac rupture is rare. However, such cardiac ruptures carry a high mortality rate. This study reviews our experience treating blunt traumatic cardiac rupture. Methods This retrospective study included 21 patients who experienced blunt traumatic cardiac rupture from 1999 to 2015. Every patient underwent surgery. Several variables were compared between survivors and fatalities. Results Sixteen of the 21 patients survived, and 5 (24%) died. No instances of intraoperative mortality occurred. The most common cause of injury was a traffic accident (81%). The right atrium was the most common location of injury (43%). Ten of the 21 patients were suspected to have cardiac tamponade. Significant differences were found in preoperative creatine kinase–myocardial band (CK-MB) levels (p=0.042) and platelet counts (p= 0.004) between the survivors and fatalities. The patients who died had higher preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale scores (p=0.007), worse Trauma and Injury Severity Scores (p=0.007), and higher Injury Severity Scores (p=0.004) than those who survived. Conclusion We found that elevated CK-MB levels, a low platelet count, and multi-organ traumatic injury were prognostic factors predicting poor outcomes of blunt cardiac rupture. If a patient with blunt traumatic cardiac rupture has these factors, clinicians should be especially attentive and respond promptly in order to save the patient’s life. PMID:27965920

  4. Outcome of overt stroke in sickle cell anaemia, a single institution's experience.

    PubMed

    Majumdar, Suvankar; Miller, Morgan; Khan, Majid; Gordon, Catherine; Forsythe, Amy; Smith, Mary G; Megason, Gail; Iyer, Rathi

    2014-06-01

    Stroke is a traumatic complication in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) that is associated with significant morbidity and a risk of recurrent overt stroke of 2·2-6·4 events per 100 patient-years. A retrospective study was performed on all paediatric SCA patients diagnosed with a history of overt stroke between 1997 and 2010. A total of 31 children with SCA had new onset overt stroke. The mean age of the active patients (n = 27) was 17·9 years (range 6·8-27·6 years) with a total period of observation of 305 patient-years. Twenty-two of 27 (81%) were receiving long term red blood cell transfusions and 16 (59%) were taking the anti-platelet agent, aspirin, since diagnosis of the stroke. Two of 27 (7%) patients had a second overt stroke with an overall risk of recurrent stroke of 0·66/100 patient-years (one stroke was ischaemic and the other haemorrhagic). In patients taking aspirin with 180 patient-years of follow up, the recurrence rate of haemorrhagic stroke was 0·58/100 patient-years. We have an excellent outcome for overt stroke in paediatric SCA patients with a low rate of recurrent stroke. Further studies are needed to determine the risk-benefit ratio of aspirin therapy in the prevention of recurrent stroke in paediatric SCA.

  5. High dose rate 192Ir source calibration: A single institution experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdullah, R.; Abdullah, N. H.; Mohamed, M.; Idris, N. R. N.; Yusoff, A. L.; Chen, S. C.; Zakaria, A.

    2017-05-01

    Measurement of source strength of new high dose rate (HDR) 192Ir supplied by the manufacturer is part of quality assurance recommended by Radiation Safety Section, Ministry of Health of Malaysia. The source strength is determined in reference air kerma rate (RAKR). The purpose of this study was to evaluate RAKR measurement of 192Ir using well-type ionisation chamber with RAKR stated in the certificate provided by the manufacturer. A retrospective study on 19 MicroSelectron HDR 192Ir Classic from 2001 to 2009 and 12 MicroSelectron HDR 192Ir V2 sources from 2009 to 2016 supplied by manufacturer were compared. From the study, the agreement between measured RAKR and RAKR stated in the certificate by manufacturer for all 32 sources supplied were within ±2.5%. As a conclusion, a threshold level of ±2.5% can be used as suitable indicator to spot problems of the brachytherapy system in Department of Nuclear Medicine Radiotherapy and Oncology, Hospital USM.

  6. Clinical course of nontraumatic, nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a single-institution experience.

    PubMed

    Whiting, Jobyna; Reavey-Cantwell, John; Velat, Gregory; Fautheree, Gregory; Firment, Christopher; Lewis, Stephen; Hoh, Brian

    2009-05-01

    Angiogram-negative subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) accounts for 15% of nontraumatic SAH and has been reported with low morbidity and mortality rates. We report on a large series of patients with angiogram-negative SAH who experienced an atypical nonbenign clinical course. Between December 2001 and November 2006, 95 patients with spontaneous nonaneurysmal SAH and negative initial angiographic evaluation were treated at the University of Florida. The authors retrospectively reviewed the patients' medical records and radiological images to determine associated morbidity and mortality. Aneurysms were found in 6 of the 95 patients on follow-up imaging after an initial negative angiogram (6.3% false negative rate); these patients were excluded leaving 89 patients as the study group. Hydrocephalus necessitating temporary CSF diversion developed in 22 of these patients (25%); 12 (13%) ultimately required permanent CSF diversion. Clinically significant vasospasm developed in 4 patients (4%), and 2 (2%) had cerebral infarctions. Three patients (3%) died. The authors' experience with a large series of angiogram-negative SAH patients who had an atypical nonbenign clinical course associated with hydrocephalus, vasospasm, stroke, and mortality differs significantly from previously published case series of angiogram-negative SAH.

  7. Clinical analysis of deep cutaneous mycoses: a 12-year experience at a single institution.

    PubMed

    Kim, M S; Lee, S M; Sung, H S; Won, C H; Chang, S; Lee, M W; Choi, J-H; Moon, K-C

    2012-11-01

    Deep cutaneous mycoses can cause significant morbidity and mortality, especially in immunocompromised patients. There have been few studies focusing on deep cutaneous mycoses and there are no data from Asian countries. This study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics, underlying predisposing factors, aetiological organisms and outcomes in patients with deep cutaneous mycoses. A retrospective medical record review of patients with deep cutaneous mycoses treated at a tertiary referral centre in Korea from 1999 to 2010. Forty-one cases of deep cutaneous mycosis were identified (median age: 49). Most patients (32/41) had impaired immunological status, and seven of the remaining nine had a history of physical trauma. Neutropenia and long-term use of antibiotics were detected in 13 and 12 patients respectively. Nodular skin lesions were the most common type (17/41) and the morphology of the lesions varied. Fungal organisms were identified by culture and histopathology of skin specimens. Candida (16/41) was the most common organism, followed by Aspergillus, Alternaria, Fusarium (4/41 each). Systemic antifungal treatment was successful in 28 patients, while nine patients died from the fungal infection. Our study may lead to improved insights into deep cutaneous mycoses as their incidence is increasing and they vary in different clinical settings.

  8. A Single-Institution Experience in Percutaneous Image-Guided Biopsy of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma.

    PubMed

    Welch, B T; Eiken, P W; Atwell, T D; Peikert, T; Yi, E S; Nichols, F; Schmit, G D

    2017-06-01

    Mesothelioma has been considered a difficult pathologic diagnosis to achieve via image-guided core needle biopsy. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic sensitivity of percutaneous image-guided biopsy for diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma. Retrospective review was performed to identify patients with a confirmed diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma and who underwent image-guided needle biopsy between January 1, 2002, and January 1, 2016. Thirty-two patients with pleural mesothelioma were identified and included for analysis in 33 image-guided biopsy procedures. Patient, procedural, and pathologic characteristics were recorded. Complications were characterized via standardized nomenclature [Common Terminology for Clinically Adverse Events (CTCAE)]. Percutaneous image-guided biopsy was associated with an overall sensitivity of 81%. No CTCAE clinically significant complications were observed. No image-guided procedures were complicated by pneumothorax or necessitated chest tube placement. No patients had tumor seeding of the biopsy tract. Percutaneous image-guided biopsy can achieve high sensitivity for pathologic diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma with a low procedural complication rate, potentially obviating need for surgical biopsy.

  9. Treatment outcome of nimotuzumab plus chemotherapy in advanced cancer patients: a single institute experience.

    PubMed

    Xu, Shuping; Ramos-Suzarte, Mayra; Bai, Xianhong; Xu, Binghe

    2016-05-31

    Nimotuzumab is a humanized anti-EGFR IgG1 monoclonal antibody and demonstrates a better safety profile than other anti-EGFR antibodies due to its intermediate affinity. Since it was approved in China for the treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC), it has been widely used in NPC and in many clinical trials for other cancer types. However, the optimal dose and administration frequency of nimotuzumab that should be used and which kind of cancer patients will be more benefited from nimotuzumab is still unknown. In this retrospective study, 205 advanced cancer patients with colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, head and neck cancer, gastric cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, or other cancers from mainland China, treated with nimotuzumab in combination with chemotherapy, were enrolled. Over 60% of these patients received nimotuzumab > 6 doses and ≥ 400 mg/week as maintenance therapy. It was well tolerated in real-life patients. This report demonstrates that age, sex and previous treatment might be potential predictive factors for survival, and patients received nimotuzumab > 6 doses and > 200 mg/week might benefit more from nimotuzumab therapy. Using these factors for stratification analysis may form a predictive differential clinical strategy for nimotuzumab to maximize the benefit in patients with different epithelial tumors.

  10. Treatment outcome of nimotuzumab plus chemotherapy in advanced cancer patients: a single institute experience

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Shuping; Ramos-Suzarte, Mayra; Bai, Xianhong; Xu, Binghe

    2016-01-01

    Nimotuzumab is a humanized anti-EGFR IgG1 monoclonal antibody and demonstrates a better safety profile than other anti-EGFR antibodies due to its intermediate affinity. Since it was approved in China for the treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC), it has been widely used in NPC and in many clinical trials for other cancer types. However, the optimal dose and administration frequency of nimotuzumab that should be used and which kind of cancer patients will be more benefited from nimotuzumab is still unknown. In this retrospective study, 205 advanced cancer patients with colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, head and neck cancer, gastric cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, or other cancers from mainland China, treated with nimotuzumab in combination with chemotherapy, were enrolled. Over 60% of these patients received nimotuzumab > 6 doses and ≥ 400 mg/week as maintenance therapy. It was well tolerated in real-life patients. This report demonstrates that age, sex and previous treatment might be potential predictive factors for survival, and patients received nimotuzumab > 6 doses and > 200 mg/week might benefit more from nimotuzumab therapy. Using these factors for stratification analysis may form a predictive differential clinical strategy for nimotuzumab to maximize the benefit in patients with different epithelial tumors. PMID:27050148

  11. Aneurysms of Peripancreatic Arterial Arcades Coexisting with Celiac Trunk Stenosis or Occlusion: Single Institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Antoniak, Robert; Grabowska-Derlatka, Laretta; Nawrot, Ireneusz; Cieszanowski, Andrzej; Rowiński, Olgierd

    2017-01-01

    Introduction. True aneurysms of peripancreatic arterial arcades (PAAAs) are rare. Most of them coexist with celiac axis stenosis/occlusion due to median arcuate ligament (MAL) compression or atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cause of celiac axis lesion and characterize the anatomy of the aneurysms. These findings may have important management implications. Material and Methods. A retrospective analysis of 15 patients with true PAAAs was performed. The diagnosis was established by contrast-enhanced CT, using a 64-MDCT scanner. We evaluated the most probable cause of celiac axis lesion. Aneurysms were characterized by their number, location, size, and morphology. Location of the aneurysms was classified either as pancreaticoduodenal arteries (PDA) or as dorsal pancreatic arteries (DPA) as they may represent different collateral pathways between superior mesenteric artery and celiac trunk. Results. A total of 32 true PAAAs were identified. Celiac trunk was occluded in 12 patients and critically narrowed in 3 patients. Celiac axis lesion was categorized as secondary to MAL compression in 14 cases and due to atherosclerosis in 1 case. The most common location of the aneurysms was inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries. Only in 1 case aneurysms involved both PDA and DPA. Conclusions. Coexistence of PAAAs with celiac axis compression as well as involvement of either PDAs or DPAs has important therapeutic implications. The uninvolved collateral pathway may be sufficient to preserve effective circulation in celiac trunk branches in case of resection or embolization of the aneurysms. However, further studies are crucial to confirm our findings.

  12. Clinical characteristics of pediatric thalassemia in Korea: a single institute experience.

    PubMed

    Hong, Che Ry; Kang, Hyoung Jin; Lee, Ji Won; Kim, Hyery; Kim, Nam Hee; Park, Kyung Duk; Park, June Dong; Seong, Moon-Woo; Park, Sung Sup; Shin, Hee Young; Ahn, Hyo Seop

    2013-11-01

    Few literatures have elaborated on the clinical characteristics of children with thalassemia from low-prevalence areas. A retrospective analysis was conducted on children genetically confirmed with thalassemia at Seoul National University Children's Hospital in Korea. Nine children (1α thalassemia trait, 6β thalassemia minor, 2β thalassemia intermedia) were diagnosed with thalassemia at median age of 4.3 yr old with median hemoglobin of 9.7 g/dL. Seven (78%) children were incidentally found to be anemic and only 2 with β thalassemia intermedia had presenting symptoms. Five children (56%) were initially misdiagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. Despite the comorbidities due to α thalassemia mental retardation syndrome, the child with α thalassemia trait had mild hematologic profile. Children with β thalassemia intermedia had the worst phenotypes due to dominantly inherited mutations. None of the children was transfusion dependent and most of them had no complications associated with thalassemia. Only 1 child (11%) with codon 60 (T→A) mutation of the HBB gene needed red blood cell transfusions. He also had splenomegaly, cholelithiasis, and calvarial vault thickening. Pediatricians in Korea must acknowledge thalassemia as a possible diagnosis in children with microcytic hypochromic hemolytic anemia. High level of suspicion will allow timely diagnosis and managements.

  13. Characteristics of Incident Testicular Cancer in Lebanon - 1990-2015 Single Institutional Experience.

    PubMed

    Assi, Tarek; Nasr, Fadi; Rassy, Elie El; Ibrahim, Toni; Jabbour, Hicham; Chahine, Georges

    2016-01-01

    Despite the fact that testicular cancer is a major health issue with its increasing incidence, very few studies have described its characteristics in the Middle East, particularly in Lebanon. We report in this paper a retrospective pilot study of the characteristics of testicular cancer in Lebanon. The demographic, epidemiologic and survival characteristics of 178 patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2015 at an oncology clinic affiliated to Hotel Dieu de France Hospital were analyzed. The mean age at diagnosis was 32 ±10 years. The most prevalent testicular tumor was the germ cell type (GCT) (95.2%) of which non-seminomatous tumors (NST) were the commonest (64.7%). Most of our patients were diagnosed at an early stage. Lymph node spread affected most commonly the retroperitoneal region and distant visceral metastases occurred in 14.6%. All patients underwent orchiectomy with 67% receiving adjuvant treatment, mainly chemotherapy. After a median follow up of 2,248 days (75.9 months) 16 patients were reported dead. Two, five and ten-year overall survival rates were 96%, 94% and 89% respectively. The median overall survival rate was not reached. Despite being part of the developing world, demographic, epidemiologic and survival analyses of testicular cancer reported in our study are in line with those reported from developed countries and would allow us to extrapolate management plans from these populations.

  14. [Laparoscopic Non-Ischemic Partial Nephrectomy Using a Microwave Tissue Coagulator : A Single-Institutional Study].

    PubMed

    Fukui, Shinji; Iemura, Yusuke; Matsumura, Yoshiaki; Kagebayashi, Yoriaki; Samma, Shoji

    2017-04-01

    We retrospectively investigated the surgical outcomes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), perioperative complications, and residual renal function in patients receiving laparoscopic non-ischemic partial nephrectomy using a microwave tissue coagulator (MTC). Between January 2002 and December 2015, laparoscopic non-ischemic partial nephrectomy using MTC was performed in 49 patients. The histological diagnosis was RCC in 38 patients, angiomyolipoma in 4, oncocytoma in 2, and others in 5. A histologicallyproven positive surgical margin was observed in 1 (2.0%). Postoperative urine leakage occurred in 1, and it was treated conservatively. The mean follow-up period was 32.0 months. Although there was no patient who died of RCC, local recurrence occurred in 2 patients (4.1%) during the follow-up period. One of these 2 patients had a positive surgical margin. Deterioration of the residual renal function was not observed. Laparoscopic non-ischemic partial nephrectomy using MTC was safe and useful in terms of cancer control and preservation of renal function.

  15. Outcome of pediatric patients with lymphoma following stem cell transplant: a single institution report.

    PubMed

    Sumaili, Hassan; Al-Kofide, Amani; Al-Seraihi, Amal; Ayas, Mouhab; Siddiqui, Khawar; El-Solh, Hassan; Al-Jefri, Abdallah; Al-Ahmari, Ali; Mohamed, Amal; Anas, Mohammed; Belgaumi, Asim F

    2015-05-01

    Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is recommended for pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory lymphoma even though the evidence for this is limited. We retrospectively reviewed records of 57 patients (29 Hodgkin lymphoma [HL], 28 non-Hodgkin lymphoma [NHL]) who underwent HSCT between 1995 and 2012. All demonstrated chemoresponsiveness prior to HSCT and 44 patients had a complete response. All underwent myeloablative conditioning, 38 chemotherapy-based and 19 total body irradiation-based. Forty-one patients received autologous and 16 allogeneic HSCT. Twelve (21%) died within 100 days post-HSCT, and 25 patients relapsed at a median of 1.6 months post-HSCT. Three patients developed second malignant neoplasms. Five-year overall survival (OS) was 50.5% and event-free survival (EFS) was 43.4%. Outcomes for HL were significantly better than those for NHL (OS 61.9% vs. 38.7% [p = 0.005] and EFS 60.4% vs. 26% [p = 0.008]). In summary, approximately half of all pediatric patients with lymphoma who failed first-line therapy and demonstrated chemosensitivity to second-line therapy can be salvaged with HSCT.

  16. Evaluation of socket healing in patients undergoing bisphosphonate therapy: experience of a single Institution.

    PubMed

    Kato, Gabriel-Fukunaga; Lopes, Rodrigo-Nascimento; Jaguar, Graziella-Chagas; Silva, Ana-Paula; Alves, Fabio-Abreu

    2013-07-01

    To assess the clinical features of exodontias performed in cancer patients who have been receiving intravenous bisphosphonates (BPs). This is a retrospective cohort study using a sample of 20 patients receiving BPs who had 62 teeth extracted. An univariate analysis was applied to calculate socket healing time (HT), comparing among exodontias performed according to cause, such as periodontal disease or caries, type of BP, and use of corticosteroid. In order to analyze the influence of each variable on HT, multiple statistical analyses were performed through logistic multiple regression. From the 62 tooth extractions performed, 5 exodontias had evolved to 4 sites of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BOJ). Of another 57 exodontias without development of BOJ, HT was significantly better for tooth extraction performed in patients receiving corticosteroid (p= .01), for tooth extracted due to caries (p= .04), and for extractions under pamidronate (p= .03). Sockets after exodontias due to periodontal diseases had OR= 5.22 (95% CI 1.73-133.66, p=0.01) for delayed HT, exodontias performed under corticosteroid use had OR=0.04 (95% CI 0.01-0.40, p<0.001), and exodontias performed under zoledronate had OR=0.31 (95% CI 0.08-1.25, p=0.10). Exodontias performed in patients under BP therapy had a low rate of BOJ occurrence. Zoledronate and periodontal diseases influence delayed socket healing. Adjuvant antibiotics could be relevant procedures aimed at reducing the risk of BOJ development.

  17. Fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery for vestibular schwannomas using cyberknife: A single institution experience.

    PubMed

    Kocak, Mihriban Erdogan; Sengul, Adem; Ekici, Kemal; Olmezoglu, Ali; Seseogullari, Ozgur

    2016-09-01

    To assess tumour control, hearing preservation status, and complication ratio after fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy by using CyberKnife device in patients with vestibular schwannomas. This retrospective study was conducted at Izmir Ataturk Research and Tranining Hospital, Turkey, and comprised data of vestibular schwannomas patients treated with stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy from March 2010 to December 2013. The patients were subjected to a dose ranging from 12 to 30Gy using CyberKnife system with an average of three fractions. SPSS 17 was used for data analysis. Paired t-test and Pearson's chi-square test were used to compare clinical parameters between groups. P<0.05 was considered significant. Of the 41 patients, 26(63.4%) were women and 15(36.6%) were men. The median follow-up duration after stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy was 25 months (interquartile range: 9-44 months). Radiographic control evaluation ratio was 95.7% with a median follow-up of 3 years (IQR: 18.5 months). Results of 23(56%) patients showed stabile response, 17(42%) regression response and 1(2%) progression response. There were no statistically significant changes between pre- and post-stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy symptoms (p>0.05). One (2.4%) patient reported new onset facial paresis. Stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy treatment of vestibular schwannomas resulted in a good ratio of tumour control. Hearing preservation status and ratios of toxicity were comparable to published literature.

  18. Management of bilateral malignant ovarian germ cell tumors: Experience of a single institute

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Ting; Liu, Yan; Jiang, Hongyuan; Zhang, Hao; Lu, Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Bilateral malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) are rare. Determination of the optimal treatment modalities is crucial, as these malignancies mainly affect girls and young women who may wish to preserve their fertility. In order to review the prevalence, clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of bilateral MOGCTs, we performed a retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed with bilateral MOGCTs and underwent primary surgery at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University (Shanghai, China) between January, 2001 and December, 2014. Of the 130 patients investigated, 8 were diagnosed with bilateral disease, most of whom were International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I. There was no significant difference in overall and disease-free survival between patients with unilateral and those with bilateral disease. Cases with dysgerminoma, dysgerminoma coexisting with gonadoblastoma, yolk sac tumor and ovarian primary choriocarcinoma were included in this study. Fertility was spared in 2 patients (1 with dysgerminoma and 1 with ovarian primary choriocarcinoma). The patient with ovarian choriocarcinoma experienced relapse and was finally salvaged by radical surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy. According to our results and the published data, patients affected by bilateral MOGCTs have a satisfactory prognosis. The treatment modalities largely depend on the histological type of the tumor. Fertility-sparing surgery may be safe for patients affected by dysgerminoma, but should be considered with caution in patients with ovarian primary choriocarcinoma. PMID:27446585

  19. Impact of radiotherapy for pediatric CNS atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (single institute experience)

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Y.-W.; Wong, T.-T.; Ho, Donald Ming-Tak; Huang, P.-I.; Chang, K.-P.; Shiau, C.-Y.; Yen, S.-H. . E-mail: shyen@vghtpe.gov.tw

    2006-03-15

    Purpose: To assess outcomes and prognostic factors in radiotherapy of pediatric central nervous system atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT). Methods and Materials: Seventeen patients with central nervous system AT/RT were retrospectively reviewed after curative radiotherapy as primary or adjuvant therapy between January 1990 and December 2003. Overall and failure-free survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The log-rank method was used to compare the effects of dosage (>50 Gy or {<=}50 Gy) and treatment duration (>45 days or {<=}45 days). Multivariate analysis was performed for prognostic factors. Results: Median overall survival and failure-free survival were 17 and 11 months, respectively. The 3 longest-surviving patients were older, underwent gross tumor removal, and completed both craniospinal and focal boost irradiation. Multivariate analysis revealed a significant relationship between the following: overall survival and performance status (p = 0.019), failure-free survival and total irradiation dose (p = 0.037), time interval between surgery and radiotherapy initiation (p = 0.031), and time interval between surgery and radiotherapy end point (p = 0.047). Conclusion: Radiotherapy is crucial in the treatment of AT/RT. We recommend initiating radiotherapy immediately postoperatively and before systemic chemotherapy in pediatric patients {>=}3 years of age.

  20. Primary spinal tumors in childhood: A single institution 15 year experience

    PubMed Central

    Hung, Po-Cheng; Wu, Chieh-Tsai; Jaing, Tang-Her; Sheen, Jiunn-Ming; Chou, Ming-Liang; Lin, Kuang-Lin

    2016-01-01

    Background: Pediatric primary spinal tumors (PST) are fairly uncommon, with little available data regarding incidence and outcomes. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the 22 consecutive patients less than 18 years old diagnosed with PST between March 1997 and May 2011 and treated at Chang Gung Children Hospital. All patients had undergone magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for pre-operative evaluation and operations for PST. The extent of tumor removal was assessed by surgical report by the neurosurgeon or by post-operative MRI if available. Results: Ten of them had intramedullary tumors and 12 had intradural extramedullary tumors. All patients were treated with surgery to the primary site. A total of 15 patients underwent gross total tumor resection and seven patients received post-operative radiotherapy. Five patients received adjuvant chemotherapy for their primary tumor. Fourteen patients (64%) survived from study entry without tumor progression. Conclusions: PST encompassed a diverse group of pathologic entities that differ markedly based on the location and age of the children. Total resection of pediatric PST in children could be performed with acceptable risk and satisfactory long-term results. PMID:27695552

  1. Aneurysms of Peripancreatic Arterial Arcades Coexisting with Celiac Trunk Stenosis or Occlusion: Single Institution Experience

    PubMed Central

    Antoniak, Robert; Cieszanowski, Andrzej; Rowiński, Olgierd

    2017-01-01

    Introduction. True aneurysms of peripancreatic arterial arcades (PAAAs) are rare. Most of them coexist with celiac axis stenosis/occlusion due to median arcuate ligament (MAL) compression or atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cause of celiac axis lesion and characterize the anatomy of the aneurysms. These findings may have important management implications. Material and Methods. A retrospective analysis of 15 patients with true PAAAs was performed. The diagnosis was established by contrast-enhanced CT, using a 64-MDCT scanner. We evaluated the most probable cause of celiac axis lesion. Aneurysms were characterized by their number, location, size, and morphology. Location of the aneurysms was classified either as pancreaticoduodenal arteries (PDA) or as dorsal pancreatic arteries (DPA) as they may represent different collateral pathways between superior mesenteric artery and celiac trunk. Results. A total of 32 true PAAAs were identified. Celiac trunk was occluded in 12 patients and critically narrowed in 3 patients. Celiac axis lesion was categorized as secondary to MAL compression in 14 cases and due to atherosclerosis in 1 case. The most common location of the aneurysms was inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries. Only in 1 case aneurysms involved both PDA and DPA. Conclusions. Coexistence of PAAAs with celiac axis compression as well as involvement of either PDAs or DPAs has important therapeutic implications. The uninvolved collateral pathway may be sufficient to preserve effective circulation in celiac trunk branches in case of resection or embolization of the aneurysms. However, further studies are crucial to confirm our findings. PMID:28286755

  2. The Clinical Profile of Kawasaki Disease in Algerian Children: A Single Institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Boudiaf, Houda; Achir, Moussa

    2016-04-01

    Kawasaki disease (KD) in an acute vasculitis of unknown etiology. The epidemiological data available for Algerian patients remains insufficient. To describe the demographic, clinical features of children with KD and to identify the risk factors for developing coronary artery lesions (CAL). This retrospective study included children admitted with KD at the pediatric hospital in Algiers from January 2005 to December 2014. One hundred thirty-three patients (82 boys and 51 girls) with a mean age of 31 months were identified. The most common sign was fever, rash, oral changes and conjunctivitis. The cardiac complications were CAL (22.5%), pericarditis (2%) and myocarditis (1.5%). The independent variable for prediction of CAL was duration of fever >10 days, male gender and platelet count >450,000/mm3 CONCLUSION: The incidence of cardiovascular complications is high. Knowledge of KD among Algerian pediatricians should be enhanced to guarantee appropriate treatment of this disease. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. Single-Institution Results of Image-Guided Nonplugged Percutaneous Versus Transjugular Liver Biopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Hardman, Rulon L.; Perrich, Kiley D.; Silas, Anne M.

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: To retrospectively review patients who underwent transjugular and image-guided percutaneous biopsy and compare the relative risk of ascites, thrombocytopenia, and coagulopathy. Materials and Methods: From August 2001 through February 2006, a total of 238 liver biopsies were performed. The radiologist reviewed all patient referrals for transjugular biopsy. These patients either underwent transjugular biopsy or were reassigned to percutaneous biopsy (crossover group). Patients referred to percutaneous image-guided liver biopsy underwent this same procedure. Biopsies were considered successful if a tissue diagnosis could be made from the samples obtained. Results: A total of 36 transjugular biopsies were performed with 3 total (8.3%) and 1 major (2.8%) complications. A total of 171 percutaneous biopsies were performed with 10 (5.8%) total and 3 (1.8%) major complications. The crossover group showed a total of 4 (12.9%) complications with 1 (3.2%) major complication. Sample adequacy was 91.9% for transjugular and 99.5% for percutaneous biopsy. Conclusion: Both transjugular and percutaneous liver biopsy techniques are efficacious and safe. Contraindications such as thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy, and ascites are indicators of greater complications but are not necessarily prevented by transjugular biopsy. Percutaneous biopsy more frequently yields a diagnostic specimen than transjugular biopsy.

  4. Colon cancer modulation by a diabetic environment: A single institutional experience

    PubMed Central

    Gonzalez, Nieves; Portal-Nuñez, Sergio; Zazo, Sandra; Corton, Marta; Minguez, Pablo; Gomez-Guerrero, Carmen; Arce, Jose Miguel; Sanz, Ana Belen; Mas, Sebastian; Aguilera, Oscar; Alvarez-Llamas, Gloria; Esbrit, Pedro; Ortiz, Alberto; Ayuso, Carmen; Egido, Jesus; Rojo, Federico; Garcia-Foncillas, Jesus

    2017-01-01

    Background Multiple observational studies suggest an increased risk of colon cancer in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). This can theoretically be the result of an influence of the diabetic environment on carcinogenesis or the tumor biologic behavior. Aim To gain insight into the influence of a diabetic environment on colon cancer characteristics and outcomes. Material and methods Retrospective analysis of clinical records in an academic tertiary care hospital with detailed analysis of 81 diabetic patients diagnosed of colon cancer matched with 79 non-diabetic colon cancer patients. The impact of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on the growth of colon cancer xenografts was studied in mice. Results The incidence of DM in 1,137 patients with colorectal cancer was 16%. The diabetic colon cancer cases and non-diabetic colon cancer controls were well matched for demographic and clinical variables. The ECOG Scale Performance Status was higher (worse) in diabetics (ECOG ≥1, 29.1% of controls vs 46.9% of diabetics, p = 0.02), but no significant differences were observed in tumor grade, adjuvant therapy, tumor site, lymphovascular invasion, stage, recurrence, death or cancer-related death. Moreover, no differences in tumor variables were observed between patients treated or not with metformin. In the xenograft model, tumor growth and histopathological characteristics did not differ between diabetic and nondiabetic animals. Conclusion Our findings point towards a mild or negligible effect of the diabetes environment on colon cancer behavior, once cancer has already developed. PMID:28253286

  5. Incidence, histopathology, and surgical outcome of tumors of spinal cord, nerve roots, meninges, and vertebral column - Data based on single institutional (Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences) experience

    PubMed Central

    Bhat, Abdul Rashid; Kirmani, Altaf Rehman; Wani, Muhammed Afzal; Bhat, Mohammed Haneef

    2016-01-01

    Context: In the absence of a community-based study on the spinal tumors in the Valley, medical records of the only Regional Neurosurgical Center are available. Aim: The aim of this study is to establish a hospital-based regional epidemiology of spinal tumors in the Valley since the data are derived from a single institution. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 531 malignant and nonmalignant tumors of spinal cord, its coverings and vertebrae, which were managed in a Regional Neurosurgical Center under a standard and uniform medical-protocol over 30-year period from 1983 to 2014. Results: The hospital-based incidence for all spinal tumors was 0.24/100,000 persons per year. The malignant spinal cord and vertebral tumors comprised 32.58% (173/531) of all tumors, and benign spinal cord and vertebral tumors comprised 67.42% (358/531). The extradural–intradural tumors such as metastatic lesions and primary malignant vertebral tumors were on rise with 16.38% (87/531) cases. The children below 18 years were 5.46% (29/531), of which 55.17% (16/29) were below 9 years. The most common primary bone malignancy was multiple myeloma (54.54% =12/22). Histopathologically, the most common metastatic deposit in the spinal canal was non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (24.61% =16/65). A mortality of 3.20% (17/531) was noted. Recurrences were noted in 4.90% (26/531), and adjuvant therapies were given to 16.38% (87/531) patients. Conclusion: The malignant spinal cord and vertebral tumors, especially metastatic deposits, are on rise in elderly population. The surgical outcome, in terms of recovery and spinal stability, of benign tumors, is comparatively better than malignant ones. The study reveals a low regional incidence (hospital-based) of spinal tumors. PMID:27365955

  6. Incidence, histopathology, and surgical outcome of tumors of spinal cord, nerve roots, meninges, and vertebral column - Data based on single institutional (Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences) experience.

    PubMed

    Bhat, Abdul Rashid; Kirmani, Altaf Rehman; Wani, Muhammed Afzal; Bhat, Mohammed Haneef

    2016-01-01

    In the absence of a community-based study on the spinal tumors in the Valley, medical records of the only Regional Neurosurgical Center are available. The aim of this study is to establish a hospital-based regional epidemiology of spinal tumors in the Valley since the data are derived from a single institution. A retrospective analysis of 531 malignant and nonmalignant tumors of spinal cord, its coverings and vertebrae, which were managed in a Regional Neurosurgical Center under a standard and uniform medical-protocol over 30-year period from 1983 to 2014. The hospital-based incidence for all spinal tumors was 0.24/100,000 persons per year. The malignant spinal cord and vertebral tumors comprised 32.58% (173/531) of all tumors, and benign spinal cord and vertebral tumors comprised 67.42% (358/531). The extradural-intradural tumors such as metastatic lesions and primary malignant vertebral tumors were on rise with 16.38% (87/531) cases. The children below 18 years were 5.46% (29/531), of which 55.17% (16/29) were below 9 years. The most common primary bone malignancy was multiple myeloma (54.54% =12/22). Histopathologically, the most common metastatic deposit in the spinal canal was non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (24.61% =16/65). A mortality of 3.20% (17/531) was noted. Recurrences were noted in 4.90% (26/531), and adjuvant therapies were given to 16.38% (87/531) patients. The malignant spinal cord and vertebral tumors, especially metastatic deposits, are on rise in elderly population. The surgical outcome, in terms of recovery and spinal stability, of benign tumors, is comparatively better than malignant ones. The study reveals a low regional incidence (hospital-based) of spinal tumors.

  7. Characteristics of learning curve in minimally invasive ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in a single institution.

    PubMed

    Rencuzogullari, Ahmet; Stocchi, Luca; Costedio, Meagan; Gorgun, Emre; Kessler, Hermann; Remzi, Feza H

    2017-03-01

    Previous work from our institution has characterized the learning curve for open ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). The purpose of the present study was to assess the learning curve of minimally invasive IPAA. Perioperative outcomes of 372 minimally invasive IPAA by 20 surgeons (10 high-volume vs. 10 low-volume surgeons) during 2002-2013, included in a prospectively maintained database, were assessed. Predicted outcome models were constructed using perioperative variables selected by stepwise logistic regression, using Akaike's information criterion. Cumulative sums (CUSUM) of differences between observed and predicted outcomes were graphed over time to identify possible improvement patterns. Institutional pelvic sepsis and other pouch morbidity rates (hemorrhage, anastomotic separation, pouch failure, fistula) significantly decreased (18.2 vs. 7.0 %, CUSUM peak after 143 cases, p = 0.001; 18.4 vs. 5.3 %, CUSUM peak after 239 cases, respectively, p < 0.001). Institutional total proctocolectomy mean operative times significantly decreased (307 min vs. 253 min, CUSUM peak after 84 cases, p < 0.001), unlike completion proctectomy (p = 0.093) or conversion rates (10 vs. 5.4 %, p = 0.235). Similar learning curves were identified among high-volume surgeons but not among low-volume surgeons. Learning curves were identified in the two busiest individual surgeons for pelvic sepsis (peaks at 47 and 9 cases, p = 0.045 and p = 0.002) and in one surgeon for operative times (CUSUM peak after 16 and 13 cases for both total proctocolectomy and completion proctectomy (p < 0.001 and p = 0.006) but not for other pouch complications (peak at 49 and 41 cases, p = 0.199 and p = 0.094). Pouch complications, particularly pelvic sepsis, are the most consistent and relevant learning curve end points in laparoscopic IPAA.

  8. Granulomatous interstitial nephritis: a clinicopathologic study of 46 cases from a single institution.

    PubMed

    Bijol, Vanesa; Mendez, Gonzalo P; Nosé, Vânia; Rennke, Helmut G

    2006-01-01

    Acute interstitial nephritis is commonly seen in kidney biopsies of patients with acute renal failure; however, granulomatous interstitial nephritis (GIN) is rare. We identified 46 cases of GIN in a 17-year period in this institution and we investigated their most probable etiologies. Complete clinical information was available in 38 patients. Seventeen of 38 patients (44.7%) were classified as drug-induced. Renal sarcoidosis was responsible for 28.9% of cases, and the remaining 15.9% of cases included Wegeners granulomatosis, foreign body giant cell reaction, GIN secondary to intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy for bladder cancer, and xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Clinical investigation failed to reveal possible etiology in 4 patients (10.5%), classified as idiopathic. We concluded that three quarters of our cases were either drug-induced or due to sarcoidosis; only a small proportion of our cases occurred secondary to any other cause or to unknown factors.

  9. Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Liver Lesions. A Single-institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Caivano, Donatella; Bracci, Stefano; Russo, Ivana; Montalto, Adelaide; Armosini, Veronica; De Sanctis, Vitaliana; Valeriani, Maurizio; Minniti, Giuseppe; Enrici, Riccardo Maurizi; Osti, Mattia Falchetto

    2015-07-01

    To evaluate survival and toxicity in a cohort of patients treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for unresectable intrahepatic malignancies. From 2007 to 2014, 23 patients with 34 lesions (three primary and 31 metastatic liver tumors) were treated with SBRT. The median follow-up was 9 months (range=1-76) for all patients. Local control was reached in 27 out of 34 (79%) treated lesions, with 1 and 2 years rates of 93% and 73%, respectively. The progression-free survival at 1-year and 2-year was 50% and 25%, respectively. Median overall survival was 16 months (95% confidence interval=8-24 months), with 1-year and 2-year rates of 58% and 41%, respectively. Toxicity was very low consisting mainly of grade 1 and 2 events. SBRT provides good local control for both primary and metastatic liver lesions, with minimal toxicity. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.

  10. T-cell post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders after cardiac transplantation: a single institutional experience.

    PubMed

    Draoua, H Y; Tsao, Lawrence; Mancini, Donna M; Addonizio, Linda J; Bhagat, Govind; Alobeid, Bachir

    2004-11-01

    Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a well-recognized and potentially life-threatening complication of solid organ transplantation. While the vast majority of PTLDs are B-cell lymphoproliferations, T-cell PTLDs are rarely seen. Among 898 patients receiving cardiac transplants between 1990 and 2003, 34 patients (3.8%) developed PTLDs with two (0.2%) T-cell PTLDs, 31 (3.5%) B-cell PTLDs and one (0.1%) natural killer cell PTLD. An additional three cases of T-cell PTLD were identified among all cardiac transplant patients followed at our institution. These T-cell PTLDs comprised a heterogeneous group of Epstein-Barr virus negative lymphoproliferations that developed late after transplantation and followed an aggressive course.

  11. Disinfection of the Radiologist Workstation and Radiologist Hand Hygiene: A Single Institution Practice Quality Improvement Project.

    PubMed

    Quon, Jeffrey S; Dilauro, Marc; Ryan, John G

    2017-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the workstation disinfection rates and hand hygiene of radiologists and trainees at shared departmental workstations and assess the impact of education and reminder placards on daily habits. A 10-question survey was administered to all staff radiologists, fellows, and residents at our institution. The questions pertained to workstation disinfection, hand hygiene habits, and accessibility to disinfectant wipes and hand sanitizer stations. Subsequently, a short educational PowerPoint presentation was emailed to the department and small reminder placards were placed at each workstation. A follow-up survey was administered. Chi-square and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to analyse the results. The percentage of participants who disinfect their workstations 1-2 times/week, 3-4 times/week or everyday increased from 53.4% (45 of 84 participants) to 74.3% (55 of 74 participants; P = .01), while the number who disinfect their workstation <1 time/week or never decreased from 46.4% (39 of 84 participants) to 25.7% (19 of 74 participants; P = .01). Hand washing before working at the workstation increased from 41.6% (35 of 84 participants) to 48.7% (36 of 74 participants; P = .76) and hand washing after working at the workstation increased from 50.0% (42 of 84 participants) to 56.8% (42 of 74 participants; P = .49). At our institution, the implementation of daily reminder placards at each workstation and the administration of an educational PowerPoint presentation improved the rate of radiologist workstation disinfection. Copyright © 2016 Canadian Association of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Single Institution Early Experience with the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Initiative.

    PubMed

    Iorio, Richard; Bosco, Joseph; Slover, James; Sayeed, Yousuf; Zuckerman, Joseph D

    2017-01-04

    The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) implemented the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative in 2011. Through BPCI, organizations enlisted into payment agreements that include both performance and financial accountability for episodes of care. To succeed, BPCI requires quality maintenance and care delivery at lower costs. This necessitates physicians and hospitals to merge interests. Orthopaedic surgeons must assume leadership roles in cost containment, surgical safety, and quality assurance to deliver cost-effective care. Because most orthopaedic surgeons practice independently and are not employed by hospitals, models of physician-hospital alignment (e.g., physician-hospital organizations) or contracted gainsharing arrangements between practices and hospitals may be necessary for successful bundled pricing. Under BPCI, hospitals, surgeons, or third parties share rewards but assume risks for the bundle.For patients, cost savings must be associated with maintenance or improvement in quality metrics. However, the definition of quality can vary, as can the rewards for processes and outcomes. Risk stratification for potential complications should be considered in bundled pricing agreements to prevent the exclusion of patients with substantial comorbidities and higher care costs (e.g., hip fractures treated with prostheses). Bundled pricing depends on economies of scale for success; smaller institutions must be cautious, as 1 costly patient could substantially impact the finances of its entire program. CMS recommends a minimum of 100 to 200 cases yearly. We also suggest that participants utilize technologies to maximize efficiency and provide the best possible environment for implementation of bundled payments. Substantial investment in infrastructure is required to develop programs to improve coordination of care, manage quality data, and distribute payments. Smaller institutions may have difficulty devoting resources to these

  13. Predictors of Variation in Neurosurgical Supply Costs and Outcomes Across 4904 Surgeries at a Single Institution.

    PubMed

    Zygourakis, Corinna C; Valencia, Victoria; Boscardin, Christy; Nayak, Rahul U; Moriates, Christopher; Gonzales, Ralph; Theodosopoulos, Philip; Lawton, Michael T

    2016-12-01

    There is high variability in neurosurgical costs, and surgical supplies constitute a significant portion of cost. Anecdotally, surgeons use different supplies for various reasons, but there is little understanding of how supply choices affect outcomes. Our goal is to evaluate the effect of patient, procedural, and provider factors on supply cost and to determine if supply cost is associated with patient outcomes. We obtained patient information (age, gender, payor, case mix index [CMI], body mass index, admission source), procedural data (procedure type, length, date), provider information (name, case volume), and total surgical supply cost for all inpatient neurosurgical procedures from 2013 to 2014 at our institution (n = 4904). We created mixed-effect models to examine the effect of each factor on surgical supply cost, 30-day readmission, and 30-day mortality. There was significant variation in surgical supply cost between and within procedure types. Older age, female gender, higher CMI, routine/elective admission, longer procedure, and larger surgeon volume were associated with higher surgical supply costs (P < 0.05). Routine/elective admission and higher surgeon volume were associated with lower readmission rates (odds ratio, 0.707, 0.998; P < 0.01). Only patient factors of older age, male gender, private insurance, higher CMI, and emergency admission were associated with higher mortality (odds ratio, 1.029, 1.700, 1.692, 1.080, 2.809). There was no association between surgical supply cost and readmission or mortality (P = 0.307, 0.548). A combination of patient, procedural, and provider factors underlie the significant variation in neurosurgical supply costs at our institution. Surgical supply costs are not correlated with 30-day readmission or mortality. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Multimodality Management of "Borderline Resectable" Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: Report of a Single-Institution Experience.

    PubMed

    Ambe, Chenwi M; Nguyen, Phuong; Centeno, Barbara A; Choi, Junsung; Strosberg, Jonathan; Kvols, Larry; Hodul, Pamela; Hoffe, Sarah; Malafa, Mokenge P

    2017-01-01

    Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) constitute approximately 3% of pancreatic neoplasms. Like patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), some of these patients present with "borderline resectable disease." For these patients, an optimal treatment approach is lacking. We report our institution's experience with borderline resectable PanNETs using multimodality treatment. We identified patients with borderline resectable PanNETs who had received neoadjuvant therapy at our institution between 2000 and 2013. The definition of borderline resectability was based on National Comprehensive Cancer Network criteria for PDAC. Neoadjuvant regimen, radiographic response, pathologic response, surgical margins, nodal retrieval, number of positive nodes, and recurrence were documented. Statistics were descriptive. Of 112 patients who underwent surgical resection for PanNETs during the study period, 23 received neoadjuvant therapy, 6 of whom met all inclusion criteria and had borderline resectable disease. These 6 patients received at least 1 cycle of temozolomide and capecitabine, with 3 also receiving radiation. All had radiographic evidence of treatment response. Four (67%) had negative-margin resections. Four patients had histologic evidence of a moderate response. Follow-up (3.0-4.3 years) indicated that all patients were alive, with 5/6 free of disease (1 patient with metastatic disease still on treatment without progression). A multimodality treatment strategy (neoadjuvant temozolomide and capecitabine ± radiation) can be successfully applied to patients with PanNETs who meet NCCN borderline resectable criteria for PDAC. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the use of a multimodality protocol in the treatment of patients with borderline resectable PanNETs.

  15. Clinical features, mutations and treatment of 104 patients of Diamond-Blackfan anemia in China: a single-center retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Wan, Yang; Chen, Xiaojuan; An, Wenbin; Ruan, Min; Zhang, Jingliao; Chang, Lixian; Zhang, Ranran; Zhu, Shuai; Zhang, Yingchi; Yang, Wenyu; Guo, Ye; Yuan, Weiping; Zou, Yao; Chen, Yumei; Zhu, Xiaofan

    2016-10-01

    Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by a paucity of erythroid progenitors. We summarized the clinical and genetic features of 104 DBA patients in a single-center retrospective study in China. Data of DBA patients who received consultations at our center from 2003 to 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Genes encoding 10 ribosomal proteins (RPs) and GATA1 were sequenced for mutation detection. Our cohort was composed of 65 males and 39 females. Congenital malformations were observed in 19 patients. Mutations of the RP genes were detected in 58.3 % patients. Twenty different mutations were first reported. Thirty-four patients received prednisone combined with CsA therapy, and improvement was observed in 20 cases. During follow-up for a median 39 months, 33.7 % of the patients achieved remission, 41.3 % of the patients were persistently transfusion independent, 21.7 % of the patients were transfusion dependent, and three patients died. The patient group with detected mutations had a younger age of disease onset, a higher malformation rate, and tended to have a lower remission rate and a higher transfusion-dependence rate. Prednisone in combination with cyclosporine A can be a second-line choice for DBA patients. Differences were detected between DBA patients with and without detectable mutations in the genes studied.

  16. Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis in the Intensive Care Unit: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of 102 Patients.

    PubMed

    Peng, Jin-Min; Du, Bin; Wang, Qian; Weng, Li; Hu, Xiao-Yun; Wu, Chan-Yuan; Shi, Yan

    2016-01-01

    Patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are sometimes complicated with life-threatening conditions requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission. In the past, owing to the low incidence of IIM, little was known about such patients. Our aim was to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of these patients and identify their risk factors for mortality. A retrospective study was performed of IIM patients admitted over an 8-year period to the medical ICU of a tertiary referral center in China. We collected data regarding demographic features, IIM-related clinical characteristics, reasons for admission, organ dysfunction, and outcomes. Independent predictors of ICU mortality were identified through multivariate logistic regression analysis. Of the 102 patients in our cohort, polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM), and clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) accounted for 23.5%, 64.7%, and 11.7% respectively. The median duration from the onset of IIM to ICU admission was 4.3 months (interquartile range [IQR], 2.6-9.4 months). Reasons for ICU admission were infection alone (39.2%), acute exacerbation of IIM alone (27.5%), the coexistence of both (27.5%), or other reasons (5.8%). Pneumonia accounted for 97% of the infections; 63.2% of infections with documented pathogens were caused by opportunistic agents. Rapid progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD) was responsible for 87.5% of acute exacerbation of IIM. The median Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score on ICU day 1 was 17 (IQR 14-20). On ICU admission, acute respiratory failure (ARF) was the most common type (80.4%) of organ failure. The mortality rate in the ICU was 79.4%. Factors associated with increased ICU mortality included a diagnosis of DM (including CADM), a high APACHE II score, the presence of ARF, a decreased PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and a low lymphocyte count at the time of ICU admission. The outcome of IIM patients admitted to the ICU was extremely

  17. Risk factors for metachronous gastric carcinoma development after endoscopic resection of gastric dysplasia: Retrospective, single-center study

    PubMed Central

    Moon, Hee Seok; Yun, Gee Young; Kim, Ju Seok; Eun, Hyuk Soo; Kang, Sun Hyung; Sung, Jae Kyu; Jeong, Hyun Yong; Song, Kyu-Sang

    2017-01-01

    AIM To determine the gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) occurrence rate and related factors, we evaluated the follow-up results of patients confirmed to have gastric dysplasia after endoscopic resection (ER). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the medical records, endoscopic examination records, endoscopic procedure records, and histological records of 667 cases from 641 patients who were followed-up for at least 12 mo, from among 1273 patients who were conformed to have gastric dysplasia after Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of gastric mucosal lesions between January 2007 and August 2013 at the Chungnam National University Hospital. RESULTS The mean follow-up period was 33.8 mo, and the median follow-up period was 29 mo (range: 12-87). During the follow-up period, the occurrence of metachronous GAC was 4.0% (27/667). The mean and median interval periods between the occurrence of metachronous GAC and endoscopic treatment of gastric dysplasia were 36.3 and 34 mo, respectively (range: 16-71). The factors related to metachronous GAC occurrence after ER for gastric dysplasia were male sex (5.3% vs 1.0%), open-type atrophic gastritis (9.5% vs 3.4%), intestinal metaplasia (6.8% vs 2.4%), and high-grade dysplasia (HGD; 8.4% vs 3.2%). Among them, male sex [OR: 5.05 (1.18-21.68), P = 0.029], intestinal metaplasia [OR: 2.78 (1.24-6.23), P = 0.013], and HGD [OR: 2.70 (1.16-6.26), P = 0.021] were independent related factors in multivariate analysis