Science.gov

Sample records for states military operations

  1. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...equipped for combat. "The skills needed to feed hungry people in Africa or build tent cities for hurricane victims are different from the skills needed...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the

  2. Civil Military Cooperation for Counterterrorism Operations within the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that is not being utilized by...United States. The U.S. military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that...examine and restructure the force allowing creativity to be applied to existing and older problems. The Army has created new and effective ideas when

  3. United States Special Operations Command Professional Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Force Management and Development Division; Gap Analysis; Formal Documents; Command and Staff College ; Admiral William H. McRaven; Senior Officers...ACSC Air Command and Staff College ARSOF Army Special Operations Forces CAC Combined Arms Center CGSC Command and General Staff College CJCS...Corps Command and Staff College MCU Marine Corps University MCWAR Marine Corps War College MMS Master’s of Military Science NCR National Capital

  4. FOLLOW ME! Assisting United States Government Organizations Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-26

    Briem, Christopher, Joint is dead, what is next?, Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, January 2004, Volume 130. Bronson , Rachel...20021101faessay99997/rachel- bronson /when- soldiers-become-cops.html. Building Security, Interagency Security Committee Has Had Limited Success in Fulfilling Its...Russell, Richard L. Tug of war: the CIA’s uneasy relationship with the military, SAIS Review, Summer/Fall 20023, volume 22. 72 Shapiro, Shlomo

  5. Media Access to United States Military Operations: Grenada and Beyond

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    cultural revolution and intense social discord and change. The media were simply reflecting what was happening in the rest of American society. 58 The...and the marines were about to depart. On November 1, the JIB opened an office at the Grenada Beach Hotel and for the next four days more than one...pool is designed to provide access for the media and to accommodate their needs, while ensuring security for the military. 69 TR NATIAL MEIA QkL The

  6. United States Military in Central Asia: Beyond Operation Enduring Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-23

    Malinowski , advocacy director for Human Rights Watch, stated, “the United States is most effective in promoting liberty around the world when people...26 U.S. President, The National Security Strategy of the United States of America, page? 27 Thomas Malinowski , “Testimony

  7. Operational Encirclements: Can the United States Military Decisively Follow Through?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-21

    Office, 1991. Heller, Charles E. and Stofft, William A. America’s First Battles, 1776-1965. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1986. Hooker ...is the secret of successful war.”12 Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson ...operation was planned and designed by General William Westmoreland as a spoiling attack against three NVA regiments in order to prevent a planned

  8. Achieving the Operational End-State: The Linkage of Military Operations with Regional Strategy.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-04-23

    twenty-four year old U.S. marine, was shot and killed by General Manuel Noriega’s ’ Macho de Monte’ (the macho men of the mountains) troops when...attempting to evade a Panamanian military road block. On the same day, navy Lieutenant Adam J. Curtis and his wife were kidnapped, 25 beat and sexually ...U.S. to the combat zone in almost twenty-four hours occurred almost as quickly, but in reverse , during redeployment operations. Deployment and

  9. Ensuring Operational Readiness: Private Military Contractor Support for the United States Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-03-15

    general strategy used to test the hypotheses. In the next section, a case study is presented that provides answers to the structure focused questions...States Air Force School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 2017 Approved...Director, School of Advanced Military Studies James C. Markert, COL Accepted this 25th day of May 2017 by: ___________________________________, Director

  10. New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaff, N.

    2010-08-01

    The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

  11. The Implications of Network-Centric Warfare for United States and Multinational Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    impact of network-centric warfare on United States naval operations will be without conducting much more research and many more experiments. Until...recognizable as the same species it is today? Perhaps, but progress will be slow. As a result, the impact of NCW on the Navy between now and 2010...force deployments in the future will be associated with multinational operations.1 This paper will focus initially on the impact of NCW on United

  12. The United States’ Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terror: A Military Revolution?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-21

    continues to shape U.S. foreign and domestic policies. Since these attacks, more than 2.5 million American men and women have deployed to support...Faculty of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND...

  13. Learning from Our Military History: The United States Army, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and the Potential for Operational Art and Thinking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-14

    command. The Necessity of Military History for Command Leadership Military educators might, of course, console themselves with the reminder that...also Robert Roberts, “Emotions in the Christian Tradition,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2011 Edition). The claim compassion is good...or virtuous, has perhaps more to do with a particular Judeo- Christian tradition and worldview that exalts suffering, both actual and vicarious

  14. Geo-Environmental Change and the United States Military: How History Can Inform Future Arctic Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    and the Northern Sea Route, extraction of potential oil and gas resources, and expanded fishing and tourism .‖ 6 The Arctic‘s vast natural resources...sudden and substantial increase in commercial shipping, marine tourism , and large passenger vessels in the Arctic poses significant challenges to the...doctrinal adaptation before the tactical and strategic 32 Department of Defense, JP 1-02: Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms

  15. Contractors Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-30

    syndrome among contracting officers which has likewise been noted. The fielding of large numbers of on-site contract oversight personnel rather than... Clipper . By December 1941, the A.V.G. was preparing to move to Kunming, its base in China. Each squadron in the A.V.G. had at least twenty operational...to the inevitable and surrendered the atoll. Before the war, Wake Island was a refueling and rest stop for the Pan American clipper . For about

  16. Special Operations Professional Military Education for Field Grade Officers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-11

    UNIVERSITY SPECIAL OPERATIONS PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION FOR FIELD GRADE OFFICERS by Eli G. Mitchell, Maj, USAF A Research Report Submitted to...States government. iii Abstract Current officer professional military education (PME) is lacking in the education of special operations...motivates an improvement in the development of its field grade officers. AU/ACSC/MITCHELL, E/AY16 1 Professional military education (PME) faces

  17. Assessing Operation Purple: A Program Evaluation of a Summer Camp for Military Youth

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    serving military youth, such as Operation Military Kids and Operation Purple® (the focus of this report), there has been very little independent...Operation: Military Kids provides links to state-specific resources for military children. The Military Child Education Coalition has developed several...daily journal. Campers will use letter-writing to communicate with their parents. Military experience: “ Kids Serve, Too” Campers will increase their

  18. Coordinating medical civil military operations in Multinational Division-North.

    PubMed

    Smyrski, John A; Rainey, McKinley; Roach, Shane; Stevens, Mark; Hernandez, Gloria; Vargo, Ruth

    2010-11-01

    Medical civil military operations (MCMO) are part of military civil capacity-building efforts within the full spectrum of military operations, from war to military operations other than war. In 2008-2009 during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Division Surgeon's Section (DSS) of the 25th Infantry Division (25ID) and Multinational Division-North developed an innovative MCMO program in northern Iraq. The program centered on understanding and mapping key relationships, empowering brigade-level programs, and leveraging technology to identify and share best practices. The DSS mapped the critical relationships within and between the three entities affecting MCMO: the government of Iraq (GOI), Department of State (DOS), and the Department of Defense (DOD). A division MCMO working group was then created along with processes to facilitate MCMO project execution and program management. The structure and organization of the 25ID MCMO program lend themselves to other operational environments requiring synchronization of medical capacity-building efforts.

  19. Maintain Stability Operations Capability During Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    foolishness, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us…1 —Charles Dickens 21st Century Challenges Borrowing the opening...sentence from 19th Century British Author Charles Dickens ’, A Tale of Two Cities, seems appropriate as a framework for the United States of America’s...the world, and enjoy, as Dickens would say, “the best of times”, and why should the U.S. Joint force be concerned with integrated operations with our

  20. The United States Special Operations Command Civil Military Engagement Program - A Model for Military-Interagency Low Cost / Small Footprint Activities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-02

    Aptitude Test (DLAB, the Wonderlic Personnel Intelligence Test (WPIT), the Minnesota Multifacet Personality Inventory ( MMPI ), psychological... test and validate civil military engagement concept to bridge interagency gaps and assess partner nation capacity in the areas of governance, economic...events are continual graded events to pre-determined standards in order to tax mental acuteness. Administrative tests such as the Defense Language

  1. Peaceful Relations?: United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and the Military Relations between the United States and the People’s Republic of China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    blame for hindering U.S. and Chinese military relations is the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000, which established a limitation...on the authority of the Secretary of Defense regarding military interaction with China. Specifically, the act as signed by President Clinton states...transfers. 11. Release of classified or restricted information. 12. Access to a Department of Defense laboratory.15 The act includes two stated

  2. Sustained Military Operations and Cognitive Performance.

    PubMed

    Vrijkotte, Susan; Roelands, Bart; Meeusen, Romain; Pattyn, Nathalie

    2016-08-01

    Cognitive performance is crucial during military operations. It is suggested that impaired cognitive performance accounts for most of the accidents during training courses and actual battle. There is a need to define when soldiers' operational readiness becomes impaired. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of sustained military operations (SUSOPS) on vigilance, reaction time, working memory, and reasoning in order to select good indicators for performance impairment. A systematic literature search was performed using publicly accessible databases (IngentaConnect, PubMed, Science Direct, and Defense Technical Information Center online) that were screened until July 2015. Keywords were military, sustained operations, (cognitive) performance, soldier, and training. Only 7 out of 589 studies met the inclusion criteria. Selected studies were difficult to compare due to different methodologies, cognitive tasks, and military courses. Vigilance, reaction time, and working memory were affected after only a few hours, showing severe impairment. They are linearly related to military stress up to 80 h of SUSOPS. These three indicators needed little recovery time to return to baseline levels. After more than 80 h of SUSOPS, no significant impairments of those indicators were observed. Reasoning becomes impaired after high stress levels of relatively short duration and can remain affected after more than 80 h of SUSOPS. Vigilance, reaction time, and working memory are affected after only a few hours while little recovery time is needed. For reasoning to return to baseline values, longer recovery is needed than the time available during SUSOPS. Vrijkotte S, Roelands B, Meeusen R, Pattyn N. Sustained military operations and cognitive performance. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(8):718-727.

  3. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    SciTech Connect

    Guthormsen, Amy M.; MacKerrow, Edward P; Merritt, Terence M; Morgart, Ruth E

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  4. Computational Linguistics in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    information dominance at the operational and tactical level of war in future warfare. Discussion: Mastering culture and language in a foreign country is decisive to understand the operational environment. In addition, the ability to understand and speak a foreign language is a prerequisite to achieve truly comprehension of an unfamiliar culture. Lasting operations in Afghanistan and Iraq and the necessity to breach the language gap lead to progress in the field of Machine Translation and the development of technical solutions to close the gap in the past decade. This paper

  5. The application of CRM to military operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cavanagh, Dale E.; Williams, Kenneth R.

    1987-01-01

    The detailed content of the CRM training component of the C-5 Aircrew Training System (ATS) was left to the discretion of the contractor. As a part of determining what the content should be, United Airlines Services Corporation has made an effort to understand how the needs of MAC crews compare with those of civilian airline crews. There are distinct similarities between the crew roles in the cockpits of civilian airliners and military air transports. Many of the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by civil and military crew members are comparable, hence much of the training in the field referred to as Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is equally appropriate to civil or military aircrews. At the same time, there are significant differences which require assessment to determine if modifications to what might be termed generic CRM are necessary. The investigation enabled the definition and specification of CRM training which is believed to address the needs of the C-5 operational community. The study has concentrated largely on military airlift, but the training objectives and course content of the CRM training are readily adaptable to a wider range of military cockpits than are found in strategic airlift. For instance, CRM training focusing on communication, leadership, situational awareness, and crew coordination is just as appropriate, with some modification, to the pilots manning a flight to Tactical Airlift Command A-7's as it is to the pilots, flight engineers, and loadmasters crewing a C-5.

  6. Politico-Military Relations, a Basis for Military Interaction between Argentina and the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-15

    POLITICO -MILITARY RELATIONS, A BASIS FOR MILITARY INTERACTION BETWEEN ARGENTINA AND THE UNITED STATES N IN w Fn STRATEGY AND CAMPAIGN DEPARTMENT...FUNDING NUMBERS PROGRAM PROJECT TASK WORK UNIT ELEMENT NO NO NO ACCESSION NO 11 TITLE (Include Security Classificationi Politico -Military Relations, A...America. Politico -Military relations. civil-military relations, military coups. military to military relations. South American democracy -con- 𔄃

  7. Military Police Operations and Counterinsurgency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    for special access programs. , 3.10. Employs specialized investigative techniques to include forensic and t:>ehavioral sciencell and hypnosis . 3.11...for Forensic Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (polygraph) examinations. 3.13. Operates the U.S. Air Force Special Investigations Academy

  8. Current US military operations and implications for military surgical training.

    PubMed

    Tyler, Joshua A; Clive, Kevin S; White, Christopher E; Beekley, Alec C; Blackbourne, Lorne H

    2010-11-01

    Since 2001, US military surgeons have deployed frequently, with many surgeons deploying within 1 year of graduating residency. The purpose of this study was to evaluate readiness of recent graduates to manage combat-related injuries and to make recommendations for improvements in training military surgeons. We reviewed casualties treated at the 31st Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad from December 2003 to November 2004. We identified 3,426 wounded patients; of these, 2,648 (77.3%) required an operative procedure. There were 2,788 patients (81.4%) who sustained penetrating injuries. The most common procedures performed were debridement of wounds (39%), skeletal fixation (14.7%), and exploratory laparotomy (11.4%). Common procedures were compared with 15 case logs from the ACGME database for our institution from 2005 to 2009. Graduating residents averaged 973 cases during residency (range 867 to 1,293, median 921). This included experience with most procedures encountered except nephrectomy (1.5 procedures per resident [PPR]), craniotomy (1.1 PPRs), inferior vena cava injury (1.1 PPRs), bladder repair (0.87 PPR), and duodenal injury (0.6 PPR). Residents had minimal experience with skeletal fixation and external genital trauma. Recent surgical residency graduates are prepared for deployment in support of US military operations for the majority of injuries encountered. However, familiarization with procedures that fall outside the traditional general surgical curriculum would improve their ability to treat these injuries. To enhance experience with rare injuries, cadaver studies and animal models may serve as training tools before deployment. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  9. Operational Capabilities and Legal Implications of a Military Space Plane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charania, A.

    2002-01-01

    The potential challenges for the United States military in this upcoming century may require new types of capabilities only achievable through the application of new technologies. One of these potential capabilities includes a Military Space Plane (MSP). An MSP is a concept to use reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technologies in a system to provide the military global access and reach in a timely fashion that could be operational within a decade. New awareness is evident from both recent federal commission reports and activities in Afghanistan of the military's possible use of such capabilities to provide asymmetric advantages. The MSP may eventually become part of a new spaceforce that coordinates the broad range of defensive and offensive space assets. In addition, a new emphasis is being placed upon NASA and the U.S. Air Force to coordinate activity on such a space plane/RLV development. The interaction of civilian and defense agencies for such a program has ramifications, not just in terms of the requirements on a final operational vehicle, but also on the legal charters of both entities. This examination presents operational scenarios for a military space plane in order to derive various legal implications.

  10. Medical supply on contingency military operations: experience from Operation GRITROCK.

    PubMed

    Robinson, J P; Reeves, P

    2015-01-01

    Medical supply during military operations has the ability to affect the efficacy of the operation being undertaken, either negatively or positively. An appropriately-managed maritime platform with a robust medical supply chain during transit and on arrival in theatre is the main aim. A secure supply chain will reduce any implications that logistics may have with regard to capability, and negate the effects of deficiencies of short shelf life items occurring over time and during use in high tempo operations.

  11. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  12. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  13. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  14. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional information...

  15. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional information...

  16. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-26

    16 Table 14. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through...Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through February 6, 2010 Casualty Type Totals Army Navya Marines Air Force Hostile 3,469 2,524 65 851 29...2 Table 2. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths

  17. Military Family Housing in the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-09-01

    personnel in lieu of cash housing allowances. In part because the military services value such housing as a way to ensure an adequate quality of life for...alternatives that would maintain the cur- rent quality of life of military families in the post-Cold War environment? This study was prepared in response to a...would reduce the cost of DoD family housing in the United States while attempting to protect the quality of life now enjoyed by the families of military

  18. Socioeconomic issues of United States military neurosurgery.

    PubMed

    Moquin, Ross R; Ecklund, James M

    2002-04-15

    Although the practice of neurosurgery in the United States (US) Armed Forces is in many ways similar to the civilian practice of neurosurgery, there are many differences as well. The unique challenges, duties, and opportunities US military neurosurgeons are given, both in peacetime and in times of conflict, are discussed, as are pathways for entering into service. The advantages of military service for neurosurgeons include sponsored training, decreased direct exposure to tort actions, little involvement with third-party payers, significant opportunities for travel, and military specific experiences. The most appealing aspect of military practice is serving fellow members of the US Armed Forces. Disadvantages include the extreme gap between the military and civilian pay scales, lack of support personnel, and in some areas low surgery-related case volume. The greatest concern faced by the military neurosurgical community is the failure to retain experienced neurosurgeons after their obligated service time has been completed, for which several possible solutions are described. It is hoped that future changes will make the practice of military neurosurgery attractive enough so that it will be seen as a career in itself and not an obligation to endure before starting practice in the "real world."

  19. The Effect Terrorist Labels Have on Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited The Effect Terrorist Labels Have On Military Operations A Monograph by MAJ Leighton W...NOTES 14. ABSTRACT This research conducts an analysis of U.S. laws surrounding terrorism in order to assess the effects they have on military...STUDIES MONOGRAPH APPROVAL Major Leighton W. Anglin Title of Monograph: The Effect Terrorist Labels Have On Military Operations Approved by

  20. Secure Cloud Computing Implementation Study For Singapore Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    COMPUTING IMPLEMENTATION STUDY FOR SINGAPORE MILITARY OPERATIONS by Lai Guoquan September 2016 Thesis Advisor: John D. Fulp Co-Advisor...DATES COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE SECURE CLOUD COMPUTING IMPLEMENTATION STUDY FOR SINGAPORE MILITARY OPERATIONS 5. FUNDING NUMBERS...addition, from the military perspective, the benefits of cloud computing were analyzed from a study of the U.S. Department of Defense. Then, using

  1. Increased protein intake in military special operations.

    PubMed

    Ferrando, Arny A

    2013-11-01

    Special operations are so designated for the specialized military missions they address. As a result, special operations present some unique metabolic challenges. In particular, soldiers often operate in a negative energy balance in stressful and demanding conditions with little opportunity for rest or recovery. In this framework, findings inferred from the performance literature suggest that increased protein intake may be beneficial. In particular, increased protein intake during negative caloric balance maintains lean body mass and blood glucose production. The addition of protein to mixed macronutrient supplements is beneficial for muscle endurance and power endpoints, and the use of amino acids improves gross and fine motor skills. Increasing protein intake during periods of intense training and/or metabolic demand improves subsequent performance, improves muscular recovery, and reduces symptoms of psychological stress. Consumption of protein before sleep confers the anabolic responses required for the maintenance of lean mass and muscle recovery. A maximal response in muscle protein synthesis is achieved with the consumption of 20-25 g of protein alone. However, higher protein intakes in the context of mixed-nutrient ingestion also confer anabolic benefits by reducing protein breakdown. Restricted rations issued to special operators provide less than the RDA for protein ( ∼ 0.6 g/kg), and these soldiers often rely on commercial products to augment their rations. The provision of reasonable alternatives and/or certification of approved supplements by the U.S. Department of Defense would be prudent.

  2. Risk propensity assessment in military special operations.

    PubMed

    Sicard, B; Jouve, E; Blin, O

    2001-10-01

    Risk taking, decision making, and stress factors are strongly associated in military operations. The authors used the Bond and Lader mood and alertness scale and a new scale, Evaluation of Risks (EVAR), to assess risk proneness in a maritime counter-terrorism exercise. EVAR items are distributed among five factors: self-control, danger seeking, energy, impulsiveness, and invincibility. In the study, 10 pilots were submitted to strenuous night flights with limited sleep deprivation. Compared with baseline data, pilots reported an increase in impulsiveness, whereas EVAR factors were consistent in a control group composed of 9 navy crew member. Correlations were observed between mood and alertness and risk factors. These results illustrate how EVAR can be used to evaluate change in risk proneness in individuals submitted to various stressors. But further studies are required to weigh stress factors and environmental conditions in risk propensity with a larger population of various age and personality traits.

  3. Effective monitoring and evaluation of military humanitarian medical operations.

    PubMed

    Waller, Stephen G; Powell, Clydette; Ward, Jane B; Riley, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Non-military government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have made great strides in the evaluation of humanitarian medical work, and have learned valuable lessons regarding monitoring and evaluation (M&E) that may be equally as valuable to military medical personnel. We reviewed the recent literature by the worldwide humanitarian community regarding the art and science of M&E, with focus toward military applications. The successes and failures of past humanitarian efforts have resulted in prolific analyses. Alliances of NGOs set the standard for humanitarian quality and M&E standards. Military medical personnel can apply some of these standards to military humanitarian M&E in complex and stability operations. The authors believe that the NGO community?s M&E standards should be applied to improve evaluation of U.S. military medical humanitarian operations.

  4. Guide to Nongovernmental Organizations for the Military. A primer for the military about private, voluntary, and nongovernmental organizations operating in humanitarian emergencies globally

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    and De ni ons 6 Security assistance Peace operations Peace Operations Civil-military operations centers Civil- Military Operations USG Guidance...2007 (millions of US$) Sector United States Development Assistance Countries USG % of Total Educa on $841.41 $8,430.38 10 Health $1,135.03...International Aid InterAction Membership Directory, 2000�—2001 Global Work: Guide to Volunteer, Internship and Fellowship Opportunities Escape to Freedom

  5. Medical civil-military operations: the deployed medical brigade's role in counterinsurgency operations.

    PubMed

    Bryan, Jeffrey; Miyamoto, Danelle; Holman, Vincent

    2008-01-01

    Medical civil-military operations are a critical combat multiplier directly supporting the counterinsurgency fight. Army Medical Department Soldiers support medical civil affairs activities at all levels from platoon to the United States Mission-Iraq (Department of State) initiatives enhancing the legitimacy of medical services in the Iraq Ministry of Health, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of the Interior, and Ministry of Justice. The civil-military operations mission of the deployed Task Force 62 Medical Brigade has also evolved into a broad mission encompassing over 120 contractors including Iraqi-American, Bilingual Bicultural Advisors-Subject Matter Experts serving as case management liaison officers and medical trainers, as well as Iraqi Advisor Task Force members providing medical atmospherics, assessments, training, and the overall management of Iraqi linguists supporting all level III medical facilities.

  6. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Reciprocal state-military action. 634.16 Section... Reciprocal state-military action. (a) Commanders will recognize the interests of the states in matters of POV... formal military reciprocity, the procedures below will be adopted: (1) Commanders will recognize official...

  7. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Reciprocal state-military action. 634.16 Section... Reciprocal state-military action. (a) Commanders will recognize the interests of the states in matters of POV... formal military reciprocity, the procedures below will be adopted: (1) Commanders will recognize official...

  8. Planning and operational considerations for units utilizing military working dogs.

    PubMed

    Royal, Joseph; Taylor, Charles L

    2009-01-01

    Military working dogs are rapidly becoming integral to military operations. While they bring many valuable capabilities to the battlefield, it is important that Special Operations leaders consider canine team capabilities and requirements when planning missions. Careful logistical and operational planning can optimize the health, performance, and readiness of the working dog while protecting the safety and well-being of the team members working with them. We also offer recommendations for medical treatment of dog bites.

  9. Challenges in applying artificial intelligence methodologies to military operations

    SciTech Connect

    Arrowood, L.F.; Hilliard, M.R.; Hwang, H.L.; Emrich, M.L.

    1986-01-01

    Artificial intelligence methodologies are being applied to support decision making at all levels of military operations. Applications being studied include assessing force readiness, reliability and capability; planning complex missions; and integrating data from multiple sources. Unclassified research is addressing the considerable challenges presented by supporting such decision making in time-sensitive environments. We examine current efforts to utilize artificial intelligence in the military, discuss difficulties which need to be resolved before intelligent systems can become fully operational, and identify potential applications of artificial intelligence for the Military Airlift Command of the US Air Force.

  10. A review of recent American military space operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Day, Dwayne A.

    1993-12-01

    The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

  11. Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-2-0043 TITLE: Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations PRINCIPAL...TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations 5b. GRANT NUMBER...evaluated the relationship between 3D geometry of the lumbar spine, under different loading conditions and positions, and the pathophysiology of the

  12. Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-2-0043 TITLE: Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations PRINCIPAL...31May2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER During Simulated Military Operations 5b...ABSTRACT This study evaluated the relationship between 3D geometry of the lumbar spine, under different loading conditions and positions, and the

  13. Operational Risk Management and Military Aviation Safety

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-09-01

    accidents has caused the leadership to seek to reduce its mishap rate. The Army’s Class A aviation mishap rate declined after it implemented risk management (RM...principles in 1987. This reduction caught the attention of Air Force leadership who have since stated that the application of operational risk ... management (ORM) is how the Air Force will reduce, even eliminate, mishaps. With current budget constraints, ORM is considered to be the most cost

  14. An innovative medical civil-military operation training program.

    PubMed

    Lougee, Douglas; Kemmer, Teresa M; Lynch, Julia

    2007-02-01

    The San Antonio Military Pediatric Center has developed an innovative humanitarian civic assistance (HCA) program. Many medical HCA programs focus on short-term medical interventions and provide transient benefit. To have a more lasting impact, this program focuses on public health surveillance. U.S. military medics conduct random household nutritional surveys and train in austere settings and on rounds in Honduran hospitals. Since 2001, >200 military medics have been trained in population assessment, primary medical care in developing nations, and other skills critical for medical civil-military operations. All activities are coordinated with the host nation. Public health data are collected and reported to Honduran public health leaders, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and nongovernmental organizations, to assist with program and policy development. This innovative project is a potential model to improve both military training and host nation benefit from HCA programs.

  15. Gender and Diversity in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-09

    society.23 In Jordan, Her Royal Highness Princess Aisha bint Al Faisal is the head of the Directorate of Military Women’s Affairs. Such role models like...23 Ibid. 24 HRH Princess Aisha bint Al Faisal sister of present HRH King Abdullah of Jordan; she is a Sandhurst graduate and got the rank of BG. 25

  16. Family stress and posttraumatic stress: the impact of military operations on military health care providers.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Susanne W; Barnett, Scott D; Hickling, Edward J

    2012-08-01

    This study uses data from the 2005 Department of Defense Survey of Health-Related Behaviors Among Military Personnel to examine relationships between family stress and posttraumatic stress symptoms across 4 subgroups of Operation Iraqi Freedom-deployed (i.e., war in Iraq) or Operation Enduring Freedom-deployed (i.e., war in Afghanistan) active-duty military service members. Results suggest the following: (a) the greatest positive correlation of family stressors with posttraumatic stress symptoms was found within the military health care officer group, and (b) these military health care officers differed in family stressors mediating posttraumatic stress with divorce and financial problems accounting for significant and unique portions of the variance. Implications for care of service members and their families are discussed.

  17. Stability operations and the implications for military health services support.

    PubMed

    Bricknell, M C M; Hanhart, N

    2007-03-01

    This paper examines the implications of the new military campaign type--Stability Operations--on military health service support. The paper uses the format of the medical estimate process and shows how the health service support planning factors of Mission Analysis; Ground; Enemy forces; Friendly forces; Time and Space; Security; Casualty Estimate; Medical Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Information (C4I); Medical Capabilities; Medical Force Protection; Medical Logistics; and Medical CBRN are affected by this change. The paper also identifies two new roles for military medical services, assistance to security sector reform and assistance to reconstruction and development. These two new roles will be discussed more fully in later papers.

  18. Disposable sensors: technical and operational challenges facing military employment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nocita, Shawn K.; Bales, Jason M.

    2005-05-01

    Advances in technologies are providing opportunities to increase situational awareness in military operations. One application of these technologies is small disposable sensor systems that have the potential to enhance the war-fighter's lethality and survivability. Considering that the sensors must be disposable, cost constraints increase the complexity of solving the technical and operational challenges. This paper will address two areas of consideration when designing disposable sensor systems: technical and operational. Technical design considerations: Sensor communication networks are a hot area of development, with a multitude of standards and protocols to choose from. Miniaturization is providing a multitude of sensor modalities that can be considered for a disposable sensor. Decisions must be made between factors such as cost, size, and power requirements. Power management through hardware and software, coupled with more efficient batteries, is giving extended life to sensor systems. Environmental issues must be addressed in a disposable system. Operational design considerations: For systems monitored and managed directly by soldiers, one of the most important elements is the user interface, and its affect on overall system ease-of-use. System usefulness is also affected by the capability to autonomously monitor the area where sensors are deployed without a soldier present. The packaging of sensors will be affected by the current state of technology integrated into the sensors, as well as requirements for emplacement. These emplacement requirements and constraints will impact the operational effectiveness of the overall system.

  19. [The current state and development prospectives of military nephrology].

    PubMed

    Nagibovich, O A; Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B

    2014-05-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of military nephrology. Using as examples the nephrology services of the armed forces of Serbia, France, Great Britain and USA it is shown that this branch of military healthcare plays an important role abroad. The brief review of military nephrology formation and development history demonstrates the growing significance of military nephrology in the general system of medical care at the battlefield.

  20. Planning and Operational Considerations for Units Utilizing Military Working Dogs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    Planning and Operational Considerations for Units Utilizing Military Working Dogs 5 INTRODUCTION Military working dogs (MWDs) play an in- creasingly...certain conditions and sup- port elements to maintain maximal effectiveness. To gain the maximum benefit from canine units, teams that work with dogs must...take factors into consideration re- lating to canine health, handling, and safety. TRANSPORTATION AND HOUSING Transportation of dogs in the

  1. Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-2-0043 TITLE: Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations PRINCIPAL...TITLE AND SUBTITLE Sa. CONTRACT NUMBER Lumbar Spine Musculoske l etal Physiol ogy and Biomechanics Dur i ng s i mul ated Military Operati ons Sb...l ationship between 3D geometry of the lumbar spine, under different l oading conditions and positions , and the pathophysiol ogy of the

  2. Adoptable Afghan Customs or Practices in a Military Operations Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-21

    Military Operations Environment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) MAJ Maurice V. Poitras 5d...PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) School of Advanced Military Studies 250...Gibbon Avenue Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027 8. PERFORMING ORG REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Army

  3. Shoulder impingement in the United States military.

    PubMed

    Hsiao, Mark S; Cameron, Kenneth L; Tucker, Christopher J; Benigni, Matthew; Blaine, Theodore A; Owens, Brett D

    2015-09-01

    Little is known about the incidence and characteristics of primary, or external, shoulder impingement in an occupationally and physically active population. A longitudinal, prospective epidemiologic database was used to determine the incidence and risk factors for shoulder subacromial impingement in the United States (U.S.) military. Our hypothesis was that shoulder impingement is influenced by age, sex, race, military rank, and branch of service. The Defense Medical Epidemiology Database was queried for all shoulder impingement injuries using International Classification of Disease, Ninth Addition, Clinical Modification code 726.10 within a 10-year period from 1999 through 2008. An overall injury incidence was calculated, and a multivariate analysis performed among demographic groups. In an at-risk population of 13,768,534 person-years, we identified 106,940 cases of shoulder impingement resulting in an incidence of 7.77/1000 person-years in the U.S. military. The incidence of shoulder impingement increased with age and was highest in the group aged ≥40 years (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 4.90; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.61-5.21), was 9.5% higher among men (IRR, 1.10, 95% CI, 1.06-1.13), and compared with service members in the Navy, those in the Air Force, Army, and Marine Corps were associated with higher rates of shoulder impingement (IRR, 1.46 [95% CI, 1.42-1.50], 1.42 [95% CI, 1.39-1.46], and 1.31 [95% CI, 1.26-1.36], respectively). The incidence of shoulder impingement among U.S. military personnel is 7.77/1000 person-years. An age of ≥40 years was a significant independent risk factor for injury. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  4. Military Operations Other Than War: One Soldier’s Story

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Shelton , deployed to accomplish this mission. Cedras and Biamby, accompanied by family members and some staff members, departed for exile in Panama on...Operations and Training." Edited by Dennis J. Quinn , Peace Support Operations and the U S Military. Washington D.C.: Institute for National Strategic Study

  5. EU Civil-Military Cell: Useful Model for Joint/Interagency Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-22

    facilities provided by one of the five Operation Headquarters (OHQs) currently available in European Member States. These are: the French OHQ in Mont ...security-defence/capabilities/eu-civilian-and-military- capability-development?lang=en (accessed January 20, 2012). 3 Carmen Gebhard, “The

  6. Joint Task Force-Bravo: A Case Study in Military Operations Other Than War.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Pheasant , was initiated. The United States military elements along with their Honduran allies were in positions within thirty-six hours of the...Second, multinational exercises are effective as foreign deterrence options. Big Pine II and Operation Golden Pheasant produced diplomatic, social

  7. Sub state Unconventional Warfare: Expanding United States Military Political Options

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    consists of the interrelated fields of guerrilla warfare, evasion and escape, and subversion against hostile states (resistance). Unconventional warfare...describing what UW consists of, and how it is applied, in FM 31-21 (1969). “Unconventional warfare consists of military, political, psychological, or...philosopher, economist, and revolutionary sociologist Karl Marx.66 Marx proposed that economic evolution occurs in five sequential steps. Those steps are

  8. Military general surgical training opportunities on operations in Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Brooks, Adam J; Ramasamy, Arul; Hinsley, David; Midwinter, Mark

    2009-07-01

    In the UK, general surgical specialist trainees have limited exposure to general surgical trauma. Previous work has shown that trainees are involved in only two blunt and one penetrating trauma laparotomies per annum. During their training, nearly half of trainees will not be involved in the surgical management of liver injury, 20% will not undertake a trauma splenectomy and only a quarter will see a trauma thoracotomy. Military general surgical trainees require training in, and exposure to, the surgical management of trauma and specifically military wounding patterns that is not available in the UK. The objective of this study was to determine whether operative workload in the sole British surgical unit in Helmand Province, Afghanistan (Operation HERRICK) would provide a training opportunity for military general surgical trainees. A retrospective theatre log-book review of all surgical cases performed at the Role 2 (Enhanced) treatment facility at Camp Bastion, Helmand Province on Operation HERRICK between October 2006 and October 2007, inclusive. Operative cases were analysed for general surgical trauma, laparotomy, thoracotomy, vascular trauma and specific organ injury management where available. A total of 968 operative cases were performed during the study period. General surgical procedures included 51 laparotomies, 17 thoracotomies and 11 vascular repairs. There were a further 70 debridements of general surgical wounds. Specific organ management included five cases of liver packing for trauma, five trauma splenectomies and four nephrectomies. A training opportunity currently exists on Operation HERRICK for military general surgical specialist trainees. If the tempo of the last 12 months is maintained, a 2-month deployment would essentially provide trainees with the equivalent trauma surgery experience to the whole of their surgical training in the UK NHS. Trainees would gain experience in military trauma as well as specific organ injury management.

  9. Traditional Military Operations: A Legitimate Policy Alternative to Covert Action

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army...fulfillment of the requirements of the Senior Service College fellowship. The views expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the...requirements of traditional military operations. For the purposes of this paper, clandestine and unacknowledged operations will be used interchangeably . The

  10. The News Media and Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-02-11

    APPENDIX I OPERATION DESERT SHIELD GROUND RULES AND GUIDELINES FOR NEWS MEDIA .Z5 I I I? 1 i e: 5 FP:M riPL PAGE. 14 )AN 91 GFRULVES 7U following...numrical information on Mop strength, aircra, weapons systems, o-hud equipment, or p e (e.., artillery, tanks, udan missiles, tumcks, water ), Including

  11. Military Implications of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    maintenance of law and order, protecting the delivery of humanitarian assistance, the denial of an air space and the guarantee of rights of passage . In...involve the coordinated presence of warships and combat aircraft in the disputed region. Operations to guarantee rights of passage may be mounted to ensure

  12. Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-19

    case of INS v. Chadha.93 In Chadha, the Court held that for a resolution to become a law, it must go through the bicameral and presentment process in...Implications, by Jennifer K. Elsea and Matthew C. Weed; see also Sidak, supra footnote 96, at 81-86 (discussing historical operation of bicameralism

  13. Malaria prevention and control in the United States military.

    PubMed

    Robert, L L

    2001-01-01

    Malaria continues to be a serious threat to deployed military forces in many areas of the World. United States experiences during, and lessons learned from, World War II, Viet Nam, and Somalia have significantly changed the way that military planners, medical and preventive medicine personnel are facing the malaria challenge. Currently, the US military has a powerful arsenal of educational courses and materials, personal protective measures, and malaria surveillance and control techniques in place to fight malaria. These new tools will hopefully reduce malaria morbidity and mortality during military deployments in the future.

  14. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.

    2009-01-01

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  15. United States military strategy in the Persian Gulf. Study project

    SciTech Connect

    Whitehead, E.E.

    1989-03-27

    The importance of Persian Gulf oil, in the context of United States national security has been demonstrated in recent political, economic, and military terms. Substantial United States military resources have been devoted to maintain national security interests in the Persian Gulf region. This paper analyzes the United States military strategy designed to insure the US and its allies continued access to Persian Gulf oil and to suggest alternatives for possible improvement. Although the focus is on US military strategy in the Persian Gulf, it also covers others aspects of US national security policy and strategy. US military policy in the Persian Gulf is derived from a complex process that inextricably links the elements of national strategy with the elements of national power. Conclusions about US policy and strategy in the Persian Gulf that are properly focused and logical require an understanding of US interests and their priorities; US strategies and their feasibility; plus US capabilities and their limitations.

  16. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-02

    memorialized in ABMC cemeteries overseas. The database allows searching by name, conflict (beginning with World War I), branch of service, unit number...state of entry, cemetery or memorial, and date of death. http://www.abmc.gov/search-abmc-burials-and-memorializations World War II Military...ABMC cemeteries overseas. The database allows searching by name, conflict (beginning with World War I), branch of service, unit number, state of entry

  17. Use of hearing protection on military operations.

    PubMed

    Patil, M L; Breeze, J

    2011-12-01

    Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) continues to be a significant source of morbidity for UK service personnel. The Personal Interfaced Hearing Protection (PIHP) system was procured as an Urgent Operational Requirement primarily to provide a connection to the Personal Role Radio. Through its custom- mould design it was also expected to act as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) against NIHL in a method that had not been possible previously. The aim of this paper was to evaluate user opinion of the four current methods of hearing protection including PIHP. 108 service personnel serving in a Forward Operating Base in Afghanistan were questioned anonymously using a paper-based questionnaire. The response rate was 78%, reflecting the difficulties in anonymous data collection in an environment such as this. PIHP was perceived to be more practical for use on the ranges or patrolling than the standard methods of hearing protection. Although only 4% were routinely wearing PIHP on patrol, this was related to understandable reluctance in wearing a new system that had only been issued immediately prior to this deployment. Early design problems highlighted by our study, such as changes in the design of the ear-piece to improve retention, have already been implemented. Compliance will be improved through a dedicated educational programme to explain its relevance. Despite the logistical difficulties in providing custom- made ear moulds, the PIHP system must be delivered to all service personnel early in their career so they are confident in its use long before operational deployment. Future research is required to ascertain the effectiveness of PIHP as a method of PPE in reducing the incidence of NIHL.

  18. Sleep Disturbance Implications for Modern Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Academy (USMA) and the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA). Using a combination of sleep diaries, self report, and actigraphy (wrist worn devices that...comprehensive examination of sleep at USAFA has been initiated. Using both surveys and actigraphy , several studies have indicated that cadets are receiving from...Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments Volume 10 | Issue 1 Article 2 Published online: 10-11-2012 Sleep Disturbance Implications for

  19. Sharing of Intelligence in Future Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    robust intelligence cell with capacity for cultura analysis, interrogation techniques and language skills. At company level there will also be a...War College, 1998. Coram, Robert, Boyd – The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War, United States of America: Little Brown and Company, 2002...Littlefield Publishers Inc, 2005. Rekkedal, Nils M., Moderne Krigskunst (English transl: Modern Art of War), Oslo, Norway: Forsvarets Stabsskole

  20. Continental United States Military Housing Inspection National Capital Region

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-13

    S T 1 3 , 2 0 1 5 Continental United States Military Housing Inspections– National Capital Region Report No. DODIG-2015-162 Mission Our mission...W a s t e & A b u s e DODIG-2015-162 (Project No. D2014-DT0TAD-0005) │ i Results in Brief Continental United States Military Housing Inspection...National Capital Region Visit us at www.dodig.mil Objective Our objective was to inspect DoD military housing in United States Army Garrison (USAG

  1. Beyond the Range of Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    proposed for the new term that stated not only what it is but what it is not.6 The Next Step A later version had a condensed MOOTW definition7 and one...revised as needed and then renumbered during their assessments . The end of the Cold War brought new challenges which require that joint doctrine clearly and...needed. The assessment process and the subsequent revision of Joint Pub 3-0 can correct this flaw. This is not a call for immediate changes in joint

  2. Outsourcing Small Wars: Expanding the Role of Private Military Companies in U.S. Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    lost less than twenty personel . However, the cease-fire agreement required that EO leave Sierra Leone. Ninety-five days after EO’s departure, the...military involvement. Although there were some U.S. agents among the Brigade, there were not enough of them, and the planned naval support was only limited...During the course of planning for the operation, noted Kennedy Administration historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr. noted that “somehow the idea took

  3. An Augmented Reality System for Military Operations in Urban Terrain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-12-05

    24061 ABSTRACT Many future military operations are expected to occur in urban environments. These complex, 3D battlefields intro- duce many...from ISIM, France, and an M.S. in computer science in 1999 from the University of Central Florida. His research interests are in computer graphics, 3D ...information needed and reduce it to a minimum during high-stress situations. The Shared Information Database The system contains a detailed 3D

  4. 75 FR 60159 - Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and... police personnel who have been credibly alleged to have violated internationally recognized human rights...

  5. Continental United States Military Housing Inspections Southeast

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-24

    3 Fort Gordon _________________________________________________________________________________4 Inspection Process and...45 Use of Computer- Processed Data _______________________________________________________ 46 Use...in total. Inspection Process and Criteria We inspected military housing facilities at Patrick AFB, NS Mayport, and Fort Gordon for compliance with

  6. [Current state and prospects of military personnel health monitoring].

    PubMed

    Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V

    2014-01-01

    The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.

  7. Toxoplasmosis in military personnel involved in jungle operations.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Marín, Jorge Enrique; de-la-Torre, Alejandra; Barrios, Patricia; Cardona, Nestor; Álvarez, Catalina; Herrera, Claudia

    2012-04-01

    Tropical diseases, mainly leishmaniasis and malaria, increased among Colombian military personnel due to intensive operations in the jungle in the last ten years; as a result the Colombian army developed important preventive strategies for malaria and leishmaniasis. However, no knowledge exists about toxoplasmosis, an emergent disease in military personnel. We compared the prevalence of IgG anti-Toxoplasma antibodies by ELISA and of parasitaemia by a real time PCR assay, in 500 professional soldiers that operated in the jungle with a group of 501 soldiers working in an urban zone (Bogotá). We found that the prevalence was significantly different between both groups of soldiers (80% in soldiers operating in jungle vs. 45% in urban soldiers, adjusted OR 11.4; CI 95%: 3.8-34; p<0.0001). All soldiers operating in the jungle drink unboiled and chlorine untreated lake or river water. In urban soldiers, these risk factors along with eating wild animal meat or eating tigrillo (little spotted cat) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence. Characteristic toxoplasmic choriorretinal lesions were found in 4 soldiers that operated in the jungle (0.8%) and in one urban soldier (0.19%). All soldiers before being deployed in jungle operations should be tested for Toxoplasma antibodies and to receive adequate health information about the routine use of personnel filters to purify their water for consumption.

  8. The Sun as a Non-state Actor: The Implications on Military Operations and Theater Security of a Catastrophic Space Weather Event

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-03

    ionospheric (the ionosphere can be considered the top of the atmosphere for the purposes of this paper) density caused by geomagnetic storms can...prior to arriving at your eye (sensor). Geomagnetic storms likewise distort signals traveling through the ionosphere . Positions derived from Global...since 1976 10 3. Solar Activity during Operation DESERT STORM 11 iv Abstract Modern society relies heavily on robust

  9. Developing a pharmaceutical formulary for joint military medical operations.

    PubMed

    Caouette, Marc L

    2005-02-01

    This article describes the development of a standardized formulary for medical contingency operations for any theater of operations. The article compares peacetime health care systems within the Department of Defense and the formulary systems developed and used within the fixed facility environment with Department of Defense contingency health care operations systems and the complications encountered while attempting formulary development for the deployed environment. Despite great difficulties, the Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board developed, published, and marketed a jointly approved, standardized, modernized formulary to assist forces deploying for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. The process used by the Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board during formulary development is described in detail, giving readers an understanding of the foundations of the Joint Deployment Formulary. The military departments will experience the benefits of enhanced supply chain predictability and responsiveness, increased clinician satisfaction, and improved patient safety and health care quality by implementing the Joint Deployment Formulary for their forces engaged in contingency operations.

  10. Defense Infrastructure: Actions Needed to Enhance Oversight of Construction Projects Supporting Military Contingency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    and Maintenance This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. The published product may be...Use to Fund Construction Projects with Military Construction (MILCON) and Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Appropriations 8 Contents...reproduced and distributed in its entirety without further permission from GAO. However, because this work may contain copyrighted images or other

  11. United States Civil Military Relations: Defense Reform

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-01

    DISTRIBUTION CODE 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) This thesis investigates how communication between civilians and military elites can create...reforms, instead of reactionary reforms, for two reasons: ensuring the effectiveness of defense institutions and achieving better communication ...National Security Affairs iv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v ABSTRACT This thesis investigates how communication between civilians and

  12. United States Military Posture for FY 1983.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    hearings in sup- port of the FY 1983 Defense Budget. Chapter I describes the challenges to US and allied security interests in both global and regional...special importance, and identifies the major implica- tions of the various challenges . Chapter il addresses major components of the military balance...CHAPTER 1: CHALLENGES TO FREE WORLD SECURITY The Realities ............................................................. 1I Western Europe, NATO, and

  13. The New Wild West: Military Support in Border Security Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE Homeland Security...MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE Name of Candidate: Major Paul A. Power Thesis Title: The New Wild West: Military Support in Border...vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Page MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE ............ iii ABSTRACT

  14. Facilitation of evidence-based nursing practice during military operations.

    PubMed

    Bridges, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The translation of research to clinical practice and health decision making is challenging. Under military operational conditions (e.g., the provision of care in the field), translation may be even more challenging. Two barriers that limit the use of evidence to guide practice, which are particularly germane under operational conditions, are conflicting or absent research results specific to the population of interest and relevant studies not being compiled in one place (Titler, 2007; Titler & Everett, 2001). The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Knowledge Transfer Framework (Nieva et al.,2005) provides a structure to facilitate evidence translation and to overcome these barriers. This article summarizes one aspect of a program of operational nursing research supported by the TriService Nursing Research Program, which exemplifies the three stages of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality framework.

  15. Current State of Military Hybrid Vehicle Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-31

    include:  Allison Hybrid EP System™ - Transit buses two-mode parallel hybrid with continuously variable transmission (CVT)  Azure Balance Hybrid...Heavy-Duty Transit Buses , Proceeding of the Vehicular Technology Conference, Vol. 5, pp 3310-3315, October 2003. [3] E. Rosenthal, U.S. Military...cars and commercial applications such as delivery trucks and transit busses. One of the biggest justifications for hybrids is their fuel efficiency

  16. Other Than War: The American Military Experience and Operations in the Post-Cold War Decade

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    War The American Military Experience and Operations in the Post-Cold War Decade FRANK N. SCHUBERT The Author Frank Schubert was born in Washington...than War The American Military Experience and Operations in the Post-Cold War Decade FRANK N. SCHUBERT Joint History Office Office of the Chairman...American military experience and operations in the post-Cold War decade / Frank N. Schubert. p;lgcs till Includes bibliographical references and index

  17. Medical stability operations--one approach to transforming the Department of Defense Military Health System.

    PubMed

    Licina, Derek

    2012-10-01

    The Department of Defense Instruction (DoDI) 6000.16 entitled Military Health Support for Stability Operations was published in 2010 and established policy that Medical Stability Operations (MSOs) would be a core military mission. The instruction set out to institutionalize how the Military Health Support (MHS) would effectively support MSOs and assist in bridging the gap with other actors operating in the same space. What is less clear is the current status of the MHS in accomplishing the responsibilities outlined in the DoDI. Even more concerning is how these efforts will support the "new" strategic guidance for the DoD published in January 2012 that states U.S. forces will no longer be sized to conduct large-scale, prolonged stability operations. In the absence of a publicly available DoDI 6000.16 implementation strategy, this article proposes the use of an organizational transformation process developed by internationally acclaimed leadership and organizational change expert Dr. John Kotter. The eight-step process is used as a framework to explore ways to effectively transform the DoD in meeting the intent of the MSOs DoDI. The past decade has transformed how service members think about MSOs. Now is the time to transform the MHS with urgency to institutionalize these thoughts.

  18. An introduction to the special section on U.S. military operations: effects on military members' partners and children.

    PubMed

    Kelley, Michelle L; Jouriles, Ernest N

    2011-08-01

    The deployment of U.S. military personnel to global hot spots, whether as combatants or as peacekeepers, has increased attention to the psychological well-being of military personnel and their family members. Despite the growing awareness that deployments have reverberating effects on all family members, theoretical explanations and empirical research on the impact of deployment on couple, family, and child adjustment, factors that serve to protect families from the demands of military employment, and effective methods of treating the mental health needs of military families are needed. The seven papers in this section increase our understanding of how the demands of U.S. military operations impact couples, family functioning, parenting, and child psychological adjustment and provide an additional resource for mental health professionals who work with these families.

  19. Analysis of the causes of medical evacuation of injured and sick soldiers of the Polish Military Contingent in the Islamic State of Afghanistan taking part in International Security Assistance Force operations.

    PubMed

    Ziemba, Radosław

    2012-04-01

    Military casualties in Afghanistan arise in part from climatic and natural conditions that are difficult for European soldiers to endure, as well as from intense guerrilla combat with mass use of IEDs (improvised explosive devices), thus posing numerous and diverse medical problems requiring evacuation to the home country. A search of the literature revealed no comprehensive studies of the causes of medical evacuation from this theater of operations. This article is a review of medical reports of the Polish Military Contingent taking part in Operation Enduring Freedom during the period from 01 January 2010 to 31 December 2011, including an analysis of causes of all ROLE 4 medical evacuations (to the military base in Germany or to the home country). As many as 565 (5.49%) of the total of 10 294 contingent soldiers were evacuated during the analyzed period. Of these, 29% of evacuation cases were due to combat injuries, 23% to complications of respiratory tract infection, 11% to mental health problems, 11% to chronic neuralgias, 12% to complications of acute gastrointestinal infections, 4% to non-combat injuries, 3% to dental and maxillofacial problems, 2% to dermatological problems and 2% to leishmaniasis. The remaining causes included chronic organic/systemic diseases manifested during service. The main causes of medical evacuations to the home country were the consequences of combat injuries, mainly due to IED attacks. Appropriate diagnosis and early treatment of infections is also an important problem in the face of a significant number of complications resulting in evacuation of soldiers to their home country.

  20. Global Military Operating Environments (GMOE) Phase I: Linking Natural Environments, International Security, and Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-30

    conductivity x x Heat Dissipation Sensor CSI Average soil temperature used for ground conduction x Soil Heat Flux Plate Hukseflux Heat flux...monitoring the arrival and dissipation of a heat pulse between the needles. Soil heat flux is monitored using a heat flux plate (HFP01SC...processing and filtering utility for digital elevation model production, GEON points2grid (Active Tectonics Research Group, Arizona State

  1. Operational military helicopter interior noise and vibration measurements with comparisons to ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    Balka (1981) has identified the attainment of a 'jet-smooth' ride as a primary goal of the helicopter industry for commercial and certain military helicopters. It was noted that criteria accounting for both multiple axis vibration and interior noise are needed. The present investigation has the objective to present a vibration and interior noise data base in a format suitable for direct evaluation of aircraft ride quality. The investigation is also concerned with an assessment of the measured environment against available criteria as an indication of the state-of-the-art for current machines. Interior noise and vibration measurements were obtained on eight military helicopters during routine operational flights. The data are presented in the form of a number of parameters.

  2. Operational military helicopter interior noise and vibration measurements with comparisons to ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    Balka (1981) has identified the attainment of a 'jet-smooth' ride as a primary goal of the helicopter industry for commercial and certain military helicopters. It was noted that criteria accounting for both multiple axis vibration and interior noise are needed. The present investigation has the objective to present a vibration and interior noise data base in a format suitable for direct evaluation of aircraft ride quality. The investigation is also concerned with an assessment of the measured environment against available criteria as an indication of the state-of-the-art for current machines. Interior noise and vibration measurements were obtained on eight military helicopters during routine operational flights. The data are presented in the form of a number of parameters.

  3. Time and the Paradigm of Operational Art - Authority and Responsibility of the Operational Artist in the Political Military Discourse

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-02-15

    Time and the Paradigm of Operational Art–Authority and Responsibility of the Operational Artist in the Political- Military Discourse A Monograph...burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response , including the time for reviewing instructions, searching...SUBTITLE Time and the Paradigm of Operational Art – Responsibility and Authority of the Operational Artist in the Political-Military Discourse 5a

  4. 75 FR 65460 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military Academy Board...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ... of the Secretary Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military... Department of Defense gives notice that it is renewing the charter for the United States Military Academy... advice and recommendation to the President of the United States on matters relating to the U.S. Military...

  5. 75 FR 34989 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Agency: Department of... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2010 Summer Meeting of the USMA Board of Visitors... following Federal advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military...

  6. 75 FR 65006 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2010 Annual Meeting of the USMA Board of Visitors... following Federal advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military...

  7. 76 FR 5143 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2011 Organizational Meeting of the USMA Board of... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date: Wednesday, February 16, 2011. ] 3. Time: 12 p.m.-3:30...

  8. PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY, SUPPLEMENT NO. 2.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    BIBLIOGRAPHIES, PSYCHOLOGY , MILITARY OPERATIONS, BRAINWASHING, COMMUNICATION AND RADIO SYSTEMS, PROPAGANDA, HISTORY, MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY ... PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE, COMMUNISTS, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, MILITARY STRATEGY, MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, DOCUMENTS, CULTURE, LOGISTICS, WARFARE, FOREIGN POLICY.

  9. MARO - Mass Atrocity Response Operations: A Military Planning Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    innovative dimension was the creation of a standing body of retired and active duty military planners to provide pro- fessional horsepower for thinking...The strategic guidance should provide clarity with respect to ac- tions taken against the host nation’s government or its military (if they are...services, develop infrastructure, and foster economic growth. Military plans usually are phased, based on anticipated activities or condi- tions. Although

  10. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC .............. Army Military Personnel Center AR...must train. The Army Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to

  11. Military-to-civilian translation of battlefield innovations in operative trauma care.

    PubMed

    Haider, Adil H; Piper, Lydia C; Zogg, Cheryl K; Schneider, Eric B; Orman, Jean A; Butler, Frank K; Gerhardt, Robert T; Haut, Elliott R; Mather, Jacques P; MacKenzie, Ellen J; Schwartz, Diane A; Geyer, David W; DuBose, Joseph J; Rasmussen, Todd E; Blackbourne, Lorne H

    2015-12-01

    Historic improvements in operative trauma care have been driven by war. It is unknown whether recent battlefield innovations stemming from conflicts in Iraq/Afghanistan will follow a similar trend. The objective of this study was to survey trauma medical directors (TMDs) at level 1-3 trauma centers across the United States and gauge the extent to which battlefield innovations have shaped civilian practice in 4 key domains of trauma care. Domains were determined by the use of a modified Delphi method based on multiple consultations with an expert physician/surgeon panel: (1) damage control resuscitation (DCR), (2) tourniquet use, (3) use of hemostatic agents, and (4) prehospital interventions, including intraosseous catheter access and needle thoracostomy. A corresponding 47-item electronic anonymous survey was developed/pilot tested before dissemination to all identifiable TMD at level 1-3 trauma centers across the US. A total of 245 TMDs, representing nearly 40% of trauma centers in the United States, completed and returned the survey. More than half (n = 127; 51.8%) were verified by the American College of Surgeons. TMDs reported high civilian use of DCR: 95.1% of trauma centers had implemented massive transfusion protocols and the majority (67.7%) tended toward 1:1:1 packed red blood cell/fresh-frozen plasma/platelets ratios. For the other 3, mixed adoption corresponded to expressed concerns regarding the extent of concomitant civilian research to support military research and experience. In centers in which policies reflecting battlefield innovations were in use, previous military experience frequently was acknowledged. This national survey of TMDs suggests that military data supporting DCR has altered civilian practice. Perceived relevance in other domains was less clear. Civilian academic efforts are needed to further research and enhance understandings that foster improved trauma surgeon awareness of military-to-civilian translation. Copyright © 2015

  12. State Energy Program Operations Manual

    SciTech Connect

    Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs

    1999-03-17

    The State Energy Program Operations Manual is a reference tool for the states and the program officials at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs and Regional Support Offices as well as State Energy Offices. The Manual contains information needed to apply for and administer the State Energy Program, including program history, application rules and requirements, and program administration and monitoring requirements.

  13. United States Military Posture for FY 1989.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    modernized munitions while M-1 ABRAMS MAIN BATTLE TANK 9.. LVTP-7 TRACKED LANDING VEHICLES t working toward an interim goal of 40 tactical fighter replace...Command and Control System in industrial expansion and modernization, enable the Study . The United States and its NATO allies are United States to...rorism and the isolation/elimination of IsraeL. Much world and, consequently, to the security of the United work remains to establish a climate in the

  14. Memetics--A Growth Industry in US Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of...unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Table of Contents Disclaimer... form present a daunting challenge for most conventionally trained military forces. Tomorrow’s US military must approach warfighting with an

  15. Digitization and The Commander: Planning and Executing Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Louis Caldera and Eric Shinseki, “Army Vision,” Military Review, Sept- Oct 2000, pages 3-5. Available at http://www.cgsc.army.mil/MilRev. 40 O’Hanlon...Barnaby, Frank. The Automated Battlefield. New York: The Free Press, 1986. Caldera , Louis and Eric Shinseki. “Army Vision.” Military Review

  16. Operational Physical Performance and Fitness in Military Women: Physiological, Musculoskeletal Injury, and Optimized Physical Training Considerations for Successfully Integrating Women Into Combat-Centric Military Occupations.

    PubMed

    Nindl, Bradley C; Jones, Bruce H; Van Arsdale, Stephanie J; Kelly, Karen; Kraemer, William J

    2016-01-01

    This article summarizes presentations from a 2014 United States Department of Defense (DoD) Health Affairs Women in Combat symposium addressing physiological, musculoskeletal injury, and optimized physical training considerations from the operational physical performance section. The symposium was held to provide a state-of-the-science meeting on the U.S. DoD's rescinding of the ground combat exclusion policy opening up combat-centric occupations to women. Physiological, metabolic, body composition, bone density, cardiorespiratory fitness, and thermoregulation differences between men and women were briefly reviewed. Injury epidemiological data are presented within military training and operational environments demonstrating women to be at a higher risk for musculoskeletal injuries than men. Physical training considerations for improved muscle strength and power, occupational task performance, load carriage were also reviewed. Particular focus of this article was given to translating physiological and epidemiological findings from the literature on these topics toward actionable guidance and policy recommendations for military leaders responsible for military physical training doctrine: (1) inclusion of resistance training with special emphasis on strength and power development (i.e., activation of high-threshold motor units and recruitment of type II high-force muscle fibers), upper-body strength development, and heavy load carriage, (2) moving away from "field expediency" as the major criteria for determining military physical training policy and training implementation, (3) improvement of load carriage ability with emphasis placed on specific load carriage task performance, combined with both resistance and endurance training, and (4) providing greater equipment resources, coaching assets, and increased training time dedicated to physical readiness training. Reprint & Copyright © 2016 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  17. [Prophylactic medical examination of state frontier military personnel of Ukraine: state and perspective of the development].

    PubMed

    Mehed', V P

    2008-01-01

    The article presents main indices obtained from prophylactic medical examination of state frontier military personnel of Ukraine for the period from 2005 till 2007 years, shortcomings found and ways of their correction.

  18. 78 FR 65977 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will not take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board... of appropriations, the Department of Defense cancelled the meeting of the U.S. Military Academy Board...

  19. 77 FR 31339 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... provide the Board updates on the following: Physical, Moral/Ethical and Military Programs, to include...

  20. 78 FR 60266 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... Focus Areas; Academic, Military, and Physical Program Updates; Budget, MILCON, Sustainment Restoration...

  1. Coup d’Oeil: Military Geography and the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-16

    17566 School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command. and General Staff College SFort Leavenworth, Kansas Second Term 90-91 Approved...ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) 6a. NAME OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION |6b. OFFICE SYMBOL 7a. NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION School of Advanced Military I...lsed until exhauited. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE All other~editir,ns are obsolete. URCLASSIFIT UNCLASSIFIED SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

  2. The challenge of civil-military relations in international peace operations.

    PubMed

    Pugh, M

    2001-12-01

    The relationship between military and civilian humanitarian organisations has developed in an increasingly integrative way. Military initiatives to institutionalise the relationship, since the interventions in Somalia and the Balkans, entail a dilution of humanitarian independence as was manifested in practice in Kosovo. Further, the state-centric foundations of military intervention run counter to the potential for humanitarian organisations to foster a cosmopolitan ethos that would not only preserve humanitarian principles but also contest statist assumptions about conflict, development and power.

  3. Evaluation of Extended-Wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    1 AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-1-0254 TITLE: Evaluation of Extended-wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use PRINCIPAL... Operations and Reports (0704-0188), 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202- 4302. Respondents should be aware that...DATES COVERED 01 July 2015 – 30 June 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Evaluation of Extended-wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use 5a

  4. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  5. Civil-Military Operations in the Post Conflict Environment: Northern Uganda Case Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    also referred to as complex emergencies. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines such emergencies as follows: Complex emergencies are...economic development, reconstruction and stability. On the operational scale, CMO actions focus on near term issues such as health ...a military mission, but concurrently allowing that mission to benefit the overall development piece is the balance that military planners should

  6. 46 CFR 6.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift... by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of the Deputy Secretary of... Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1 of Public Law 891, 81st Congress...

  7. 33 CFR 19.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... to Military Sealift Command. 19.06 Section 19.06 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 19.06 Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of... of Defense, Installations and Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1...

  8. 33 CFR 19.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... to Military Sealift Command. 19.06 Section 19.06 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 19.06 Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of... of Defense, Installations and Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1...

  9. 46 CFR 6.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift... by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of the Deputy Secretary of... Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1 of Public Law 891, 81st Congress...

  10. 46 CFR 6.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift... by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of the Deputy Secretary of... Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1 of Public Law 891, 81st Congress...

  11. 33 CFR 19.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... to Military Sealift Command. 19.06 Section 19.06 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 19.06 Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of... of Defense, Installations and Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1...

  12. 33 CFR 19.06 - Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... to Military Sealift Command. 19.06 Section 19.06 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... § 19.06 Vessels operated by or chartered to Military Sealift Command. (a) Pursuant to the request of... of Defense, Installations and Logistics, dated May 23, 1964, made under the provisions of section 1...

  13. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  14. Success in Kashmir: a positive trend in civil-military integration during humanitarian assistance operations.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Wiley C

    2010-01-01

    The modern cast of disaster relief actors includes host nations, non-governmental organisations, private volunteer organisations, military organisations and others. Each group, civilian or military, has valuable skills and experiences critical to disaster relief work. The goal of this paper is to supplement the study of civil-military relief efforts with contemporary anecdotal experience. The paper examines the interaction between US military forces and other disaster relief actors during the 2005 Kashmir earthquake relief effort. The author uses direct observations made while working in Pakistan to contrast the relationships and activities from that effort with other accounts in prevailing scholarly disaster literature and military doctrine. Finally, this paper suggests that the Kashmir model of integration, coordination and transparency of intent creates a framework in which future humanitarian assistance operations could be successfully executed. Recommendations to improve civil-military interaction in future relief efforts will also be addressed.

  15. The expanding role of military entomologists in stability and counterinsurgency operations.

    PubMed

    Robert, Leon L; Rankin, Steven E

    2011-01-01

    Military entomologists function as part of medical civil-military operations and are an essential combat multiplier direction supporting COIN operations. They not only directly support US and coalition military forces by performing their traditional wartime mission of protecting personnel from vector-borne and rodent-borne diseases but also enhance the legitimacy of medical services by the host nation government such as controlling diseases promulgated by food, water, vectors, and rodents. These unique COIN missions demand a new skill set required of military entomologists that are not learned from existing training courses and programs. New training opportunities must be afforded military entomologists to familiarize them with how to interact with and synergize the efforts of host nation assets, other governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international military partners. Teamwork with previously unfamiliar groups and organizations is an essential component of working in the COIN environment and can present unfamiliar tasks for entomologists. This training should start with initial entry training and be a continual process throughout a military entomologist's career. Current COIN operations require greater tactical and operational flexibility and diverse entomological expertise. The skills required for today's full spectrum medical operations are different from those of the past. Counterinsurgency medical operations demand greater agility, rapid task-switching, and the ability to adequately address unfamiliar situations and challenges.

  16. Adolescent Well-Being in Washington State Military Families

    PubMed Central

    Reed, Sarah C.; Edwards, Todd C.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives. We examined associations between parental military service and adolescent well-being. Methods. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in public school grades 8, 10, and 12 (n = 10 606). We conducted multivariable logistic regression analyses to test associations between parental military service and adolescent well-being (quality of life, depressed mood, thoughts of suicide). Results. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting thoughts of suicide among adolescent girls (odds ratio [OR] = 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.19, 2.32) and higher odds of low quality of life (OR = 2.10; 95% CI = 1.43, 3.10) and thoughts of suicide (OR = 1.75; 95% CI = 1.15, 2.67) among adolescent boys. In 10th and 12th grades, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting low quality of life (OR = 2.74; 95% CI = 1.79, 4.20), depressed mood (OR = 1.50; 95% CI = 1.02, 2.20), and thoughts of suicide (OR = 1.64; 95% CI = 1.13, 2.38) among adolescent boys. Conclusions. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of impaired well-being among adolescents, especially adolescent boys. Military, school-based, and public health professionals have a unique opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to improve the well-being of adolescents in military families. PMID:21778477

  17. Operation United Assistance: infectious disease threats to deployed military personnel.

    PubMed

    Murray, Clinton K; Yun, Heather C; Markelz, Ana Elizabeth; Okulicz, Jason F; Vento, Todd J; Burgess, Timothy H; Cardile, Anthony P; Miller, R Scott

    2015-06-01

    As part of the international response to control the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the Department of Defense has deployed military personnel to train Liberians to manage the disease and build treatment units and a hospital for health care volunteers. These steps have assisted in providing a robust medical system and augment Ebola diagnostic capability within the affected nations. In order to prepare for the deployment of U.S. military personnel, the infectious disease risks of the regions must be determined. This evaluation allows for the establishment of appropriate force health protection posture for personnel while deployed, as well as management plans for illnesses presenting after redeployment. Our objective was to detail the epidemiology and infectious disease risks for military personnel in West Africa, particularly for Liberia, along with lessons learned from prior deployments. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  18. United States military casualty comparison during the Persian Gulf War.

    PubMed

    Helmkamp, J C

    1994-06-01

    The United States undertook an extensive mobilization of military forces in Southwest Asia after the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in August 1990. With this massive buildup and the short duration of the Persian Gulf War, an epidemiological comparison of military casualties was of interest. Information extracted from the Worldwide Casualty System maintained by the Department of Defense was used to describe the casualties. Of the 219 (212 men and 7 women) US casualties, 154 were killed in battle and 65 died from nonbattle causes. Thirty-five of the battle deaths were a result of friendly fire. Eighty-three percent of all casualties were white and the mean age at death for all casualties was 26.9 years. The Army had the highest proportion of both battle (58%) and nonbattle (71%) casualties and the Marine Corps had the highest battle casualty rate (0.52 per 1000 personnel) and nonbattle casualty rate (0.31).

  19. Emissions from Open Burning of Simulated Military Waste from Forward Operating Bases

    EPA Science Inventory

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenar...

  20. Emissions from Open Burning of Simulated Military Waste from Forward Operating Bases

    EPA Science Inventory

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenar...

  1. Operation Slipper: The Australian Defence Force and Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    Decisions” (Monograph, School of Advanced Military Studies, 2013), 43-44. 29 Ryan J. Scott, “The Use of Private Security by the United Kingdom and the...30 Kevin Clarke, “Microeconomics, Private Security, and the Significance to Operational Planning” (Monograph, School of Advanced...2003. Clarke, Kevin. “Microeconomics, Private Security, and The Significance to Operational Planning.” Monograph, School of Advanced Military

  2. Emotional ambivalence and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers during military operations

    PubMed Central

    Jerg-Bretzke, Lucia; Walter, Steffen; Limbrecht-Ecklundt, Kerstin; Traue, Harald C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This pilot study examined the extent to which a specific mechanism of emotion regulation – namely, ambivalence concerning the expressiveness of German soldiers’ emotions – affects the severity of PTSD symptoms after a military operation. Methodology: A survey was conducted at three points in time among 66 soldiers deployed on military crisis operations. The Harvard Trauma Questionaire (HTQ), the Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness Questionnaire (AEQ-G18), and a questionnaire on the particular stress of German soldiers during military operations were used. Results: The study showed a significant correlation between emotional ambivalence and traumatization. Furthermore, it was shown that the subjective stress of soldiers leading up to deployment is more pronounced when emotional ambivalence is stronger in the context of military operations. This particular stress is greater before and during the military operation than after. Compared to a male control sample, the average AEQ-G18 scores of the soldier sample examined here are considerably lower. Conclusion: This pilot study clearly indicates that the AEQ-G18 could be a suitable predictor of the psychological burden on soldiers. The correlations between emotional ambivalence on the one hand and the particular and post-traumatic stressors on the other hand are not only statistically significant in the present pilot study, but may also be relevant as risk factors. It is, therefore, necessary to conduct more extensive studies on soldiers participating in military operations to verify the results of this pilot study. PMID:23798980

  3. Emotional ambivalence and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers during military operations.

    PubMed

    Jerg-Bretzke, Lucia; Walter, Steffen; Limbrecht-Ecklundt, Kerstin; Traue, Harald C

    2013-01-01

    This pilot study examined the extent to which a specific mechanism of emotion regulation - namely, ambivalence concerning the expressiveness of German soldiers' emotions - affects the severity of PTSD symptoms after a military operation. A survey was conducted at three points in time among 66 soldiers deployed on military crisis operations. The Harvard Trauma Questionaire (HTQ), the Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness Questionnaire (AEQ-G18), and a questionnaire on the particular stress of German soldiers during military operations were used. The study showed a significant correlation between emotional ambivalence and traumatization. Furthermore, it was shown that the subjective stress of soldiers leading up to deployment is more pronounced when emotional ambivalence is stronger in the context of military operations. This particular stress is greater before and during the military operation than after. Compared to a male control sample, the average AEQ-G18 scores of the soldier sample examined here are considerably lower. This pilot study clearly indicates that the AEQ-G18 could be a suitable predictor of the psychological burden on soldiers. The correlations between emotional ambivalence on the one hand and the particular and post-traumatic stressors on the other hand are not only statistically significant in the present pilot study, but may also be relevant as risk factors. It is, therefore, necessary to conduct more extensive studies on soldiers participating in military operations to verify the results of this pilot study.

  4. Skill sets and competencies for the modern military surgeon: lessons from UK military operations in Southern Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Ramasamy, Arul; Hinsley, David E; Edwards, Daffyd S; Stewart, Michael P M; Midwinter, Mark; Parker, Paul J

    2010-05-01

    British military forces remain heavily committed on combat operations overseas. UK military operations in Afghanistan (Operation HERRICK) are currently supported by a surgical facility at Camp Bastion, in Helmand Province, in the south of the country. There have been no large published series of surgical workload on Operation HERRICK. The aim of this study is to evaluate this information in order to determine the appropriate skill set for the modern military surgical team. A retrospective analysis of operating theatre records between 1st May 2006 and 1st May 2008 was performed. Data was collated on a monthly basis and included patient demographics, operation type and time of operation. During the study period 1668 cases required 2210 procedures. Thirty-two per cent were coalition forces (ISAF), 27% were Afghan security forces (ANSF) and 39% were civilians. Paediatric casualties accounted for 14.7% of all cases. Ninety-three per cent of cases were secondary to battle injury and of these 51.3% were emergencies. The breakdown of procedures, by specialty, was 66% (1463) orthopaedic, 21% (465) general surgery, 6% (139) head and neck, 5% (104) burns surgery and a further 4% (50) non-battle, non-emergency procedures. There was an almost twofold increase in surgical workload in the second year (1103 cases) compared to the first year of the deployment (565 cases, p<0.05). Surgical workload over the study period has clearly increased markedly since the initial deployment of ISAF forces to Helmand Province. A 6-week deployment to Helmand Province currently provides an equivalent exposure to penetrating trauma as 3 years trauma experience in the UK NHS. The spectrum of injuries seen and the requisite skill set that the military surgeon must possess is outside that usually employed within the NHS. A number of different strategies; including the deployment of trainee specialist registrars to combat hospitals, more focused pre-deployment military surgery training courses, and wet

  5. Stability Operations and Government: An Inherently Military Function

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-25

    Maslow , “A Theory of Human Motivation,” Psychological Review 50 ( 1943 ): 370-96. 31 Bailey, 7-8. 32 Maslow , 370-96. 33 I. William Zartman, ed...Education in The Philippines, member of the AEF Staff in 1919 Siberia, and President of the University of California, told the 1943 School of Military...Endnotes 1 Richard Van Wagenen, “The Richard W. Van Wagenen Papers,” Course Materials from the 1943 class at the School of Military Government

  6. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    PubMed

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-08-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization's guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  7. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    PubMed

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization?s guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  8. Assessing Climate Change Impacts for Military Installations in the Southwest United States During the Warm Season

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro, C.

    2013-05-01

    Arid and semi-arid regions are experiencing some of the most adverse impacts of climate change with increased heat waves, droughts, and extreme weather. These events will likely exacerbate socioeconomic and political instabilities in regions where the United States has vital strategic interests and ongoing military operations. The Southwest U.S. is strategically important in that it houses some of the most spatially expansive and important military installations in the country. The majority of severe weather events in the Southwest occur in association with the North American monsoon system (NAMS), and current observational record has shown a 'wet gets wetter and dry gets drier' global monsoon precipitation trend. We seek to evaluate the warm season extreme weather projection in the Southwest U.S., and how the extremes can affect Department of Defense (DoD) military facilities in that region. A baseline methodology is being developed to select extreme warm season weather events based on historical sounding data and moisture surge observations from Gulf of California. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)-type high resolution simulations will be performed for the extreme events identified from Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model simulations initiated from IPCC GCM and NCAR Reanalysis data in both climate control and climate change periods. The magnitude in extreme event changes will be analyzed, and the synoptic forcing patterns of the future severe thunderstorms will provide a guide line to assess if the military installations in the Southwest will become more or less susceptible to severe weather in the future.

  9. United States Military-To-Military Contact with the People’s Liberation Army of China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-06-01

    might help avert these very crises that may lead to war. In addition, case studies of Indonesia and El Salvador show that the long-held traditions of...Engagement, Military Exchanges, Military Relations, Peacetime Engagement, International Military Education and Training, IMET, Indonesia , El Salvador...very crises that may lead to war. In addition, case studies of Indonesia and El Salvador show that the long-held traditions of strong military

  10. Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

    2009-01-01

    High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military…

  11. Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

    2009-01-01

    High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military…

  12. The Soviet Military Views Operation Desert Storm: A Preliminary Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-23

    prevent such a war because it will feature PGMs, DEW systems, laser beams, accelerated robotics , EW, artificial intelligence, space, automated air... Sistem ," Voennaia MysI’, No. 9, September 1990, pp.24-33. 38. "Radar Chief on Problems Posed by Stealth Planes," p. 61. 39. "Military Lessons of Gulf

  13. Military Operations Research. Summer 1994. Volume 1, Number 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    LP2) are well- lem of allocating random search effort to a collec- represented amongst contemporary military plan- tion of cells ( Chames and Cooper...appear). Postgraduate School. Chames , A. and Cooper, W. 1958, "The Theory of Search: Optimum Distribution of Search Effort," Management Science, 5, pp. 44

  14. RLG Military Operations and Activities in the Laotian Panhandle

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-01-01

    95 Reduction of Royal Lao Military Strength .. ........ 97 vii...Trams, were under the control 2of the 559th Transportation Group. Most main Binh Trams were composed of engineer, transportation, medical, anti- aircraft ...River to the Cambodia border. Laotian soldiers at the observation posts on the high ground along the rim of the Bolovens Plateau could hear the noise

  15. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    this article. Princi- pally among these is the desire to keep one’s family together in a safe, stable home. A closer look at the perpetrators of...military personnel overseas, the US Air Force’s security forces are well suited to aid in de- veloping an advanced training module (fig. 6).25 Those

  16. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-14

    907) 428-6007, craig.campbell2@us.army.mil American Samoa Attorney General Sialega Malaetasi Togafau, America Samoa Government, P.O. Box 7, Pago ... Pago , AS 96799, (684) 633-4163 Arizona Major General David P. Rataczak, Emergency and Military Affairs Department, 5636 East McDowell Road, Phoenix

  17. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-15

    plans for expanded use of military force against the Islamic State in a televised speech to the American people, the President ordered U.S. military...State in a televised speech to the American people, the President ordered U.S. military airstrikes in Syria against both IS forces and forces of the... connection with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, February 11, 2015, http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press- office/2015/02/11/letter-president

  18. Civil-Military Relations: From Vietnam to Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    perceptions on the war in Iraq have at times been like riding a roller coaster . The publics view on Iraq started out very high, regardless of party...cornered and killed by a U.S. operation on June 7, 2006.36 Zarqawi’s stated purpose, other than causing coalition troops to leave Iraq, was as Finer...within DOD feared that if they gave any real power to the CJCS that a Czar like position would be created and the advice given would be degraded

  19. Dengue and US military operations from the Spanish-American War through today.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Robert V; Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R

    2012-04-01

    Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed.

  20. The Potential Scope for Use of Private Military Companies in Military Operations: An Historical and Economical Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    Anthony Mockler, The New Mercenaries, (New York: Paragon House, 1987), p. 15. 6 Andre Corvisier, A Dictionary of Military History and the Art of War...final foreign free company on the Italian peninsula was that of the Bretons . Hereafter, the Italian states only employed Italian mercenaries, which...War.80 F. CONDOTTIERI After the defeat of the Bretons in 1380, foreign-born free companies ceased to exist in Italy.81 Hereafter, in an attempt to

  1. 76 FR 63188 - Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... Administration 29 CFR Part 1952 Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations... document gives notice of OSHA's approval of a change to the state of Hawaii's occupational safety [[Page... military installations. The state of Hawaii, Department of Labor and Industrial Relations, requested in a...

  2. 76 FR 31308 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of.... Written statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States...

  3. 77 FR 14006 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of.... Written statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States...

  4. Small-scale nuclear reactors for remote military operations: opportunities and challenges

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-25

    Small-scale nuclear reactors for remote military operations: opportunities and challenges Bret Strogen, PE, PhD August 25, 2015 NDIA Joint Service...do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government 15-S-2449  The appeal of nuclear power for...military applications  DoD’s previous research initiatives and expressions of interest regarding terrestrial small modular ( nuclear ) reactor R&D • Army

  5. Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare Metabolically Optimized Brain - JWF

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    minerals (17.9%), combination products (9.1%), and herbal supplements (8.3%).7 Reasons for DS use among military members were to improve health (64...Alcohol; Vitamins / Minerals / Antioxidants / Dietary supplements (not specified); Herbal Medicine (Subsets: Ginseng and Gingko Biloba); Diet...AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-1-0068 TITLE: Program for Research on Dietary Supplements In Military Operations and Healthcare Metabolically

  6. The Art and Science of Psychological Operations: Case Studies of Military Application. Volume Two

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-04-01

    Councils and a PSYOP Research Guide . M-61 ~ x -X 5 II OZAKI, Career Military officer ; assigned to Depart- John ment of Army (1969); served with ASA, head...for all crew members and officers in the form of cards and physical conditioning exercises. One sequence of pictures illus- trates the medical care ...casebook. Vt has been prepared in response to a request from the Office of the p uuty Chief of Staff for Military Operations, Department of the Army

  7. Military Bankers: Fact or Fiction? The Role of the Military in Reestablishing a Banking System during a Military Stability Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    Framework,‖ New Partnership for Africa’s Development, June 2005, http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/ lib.nsf/db900sid/ PANA -794D7A/$file/nepad-jun2005.pdf...out that because the military used US Dollars on a large scale , the Afghan population was reluctant to trade in Afghan currency. Spending by the...NEPAD Secretariat. ―African Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy Framework.‖ June 2005. http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/db900sid/ PANA -794D7A/$file

  8. DARPA Workshop on Geothermal Energy for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    document is printed on 30% post-consumer recycled paper and is 100% recyclable. iii DARPA Workshop on Geothermal Energy for Military...describe ongoing federal support for geothermal energy research and development (R&D).  In Chapter 4, we report the main technical findings of the...Department of Energy (DOE) is the primary source of geothermal research funding in the federal government. Over the past few years, geothermal

  9. Military Engineer Contribution to Operational Art: The Hybrid Threat Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-22

    2 Thomas Huber, "Compound Warfare: A Conceptual Framework ," in Compound Warfare: That Fatal Knot, ed. Thomas M...4-7. 9 The decisive-shaping-sustaining framework is a conceptual representation for military planners and commanders to direct tactical...2010): 441-455. Huber, Thomas. "Compound Warfare: A Conceptual Framework ," in Compound Warfare: That Fatal Knot, ed. Thomas M. Huber. Fort

  10. Merdeka: Dutch military operations in Indonesia (1945-1950)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-26

    Dutch military capabilities; and the training and experience of the army leaders both in colonial and regular ‘European’ warfare. Dutch forces were...not able to prevail over the Indonesians, but were strong enough to resist being expelled. Although Dutch forces could control the towns and cities in... training and senior commanders make it impossible for this army to be formidable as anything but a force for guerrilla warfare and small scale raids

  11. Has Goldwater-Nichols Improved the United States Military’s Ability to Meet Strategic Objectives?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    Detense. (d:10u-101) The bill became law as a result of growing concern by many senior leaders over a lack of military capability. t2:4-5) .. .... By...expanding especially in Asia. The Soviet military capability was rapidly growing and the United States aiso nad to consider likely confrontation in...States military to support tne national security strategy and meet the national security oD3ectives. these discussions will provide the Dasis ror tne

  12. Recent research on permethrin-treated United States military uniforms

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    History is replete with examples of arthropod-borne illnesses affecting the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our U.S. military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. A part of the system to protect military personnel consists of wearing permeth...

  13. Optimization-Based Routing and Scheduling of IED-Detection Assets in Contemporary Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    Mechanical Engineering United States Military Academy, 1998 SUBMITTED TO THE SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF...E. Marks Submitted to the Sloan School of Management on 14 May 2009, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of...explosive charge and, often, some type of shrapnel. A paint can filled with home-made explosives, nuts and bolts achieves this effect. Military

  14. Progressive vaccinia in a military smallpox vaccinee - United States, 2009.

    PubMed

    2009-05-22

    Progressive vaccinia (PV), previously known as vaccinia necrosum, vaccinia gangrenosum, or disseminated vaccinia, is a rare, often fatal adverse event after vaccination with smallpox vaccine, which is made from live vaccinia virus. During recent vaccination programs potential cases of PV were investigated, but none met standard case definitions. PV has not been confirmed to have occurred in the United States since 1987. On March 2, 2009, a U.S. Navy Hospital contacted the Poxvirus Program at CDC to report a possible case of PV in a male military smallpox vaccinee. The service member had been newly diagnosed with acute mylegenous leukemia M0 (AML M0). During evaluation for a chemotherapy-induced neutropenic fever, he was found to have an expanding and nonhealing painless vaccination site 6.5 weeks after receipt of smallpox vaccine. Clinical and laboratory investigation confirmed that the vaccinee met the Brighton Collaboration and CDC adverse event surveillance guideline case definition for PV. This report summarizes the patient's protracted clinical course and the military and civilian interagency governmental, academic, and industry public health contributions to his complex medical management. The quantities of investigational and licensed therapeutics and diagnostics used were greater than anticipated based on existing smallpox preparedness plans. To support future public health needs adequately, the estimated national supply of therapeutics and diagnostic resources required to care for smallpox vaccine adverse events should be reevaluated.

  15. Rapid Operational Access and Maneuver Support (ROAMS) Platform for Improved Military Logistics Lines of Communication and Operational Vessel Routing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-06-01

    demonstrate the Rapid Operational Access and Maneuver Support (ROAMS) v2.0 computational scripting/ application program interface (API) platform. ROAMS...typically lack the capability to translate those measurements into applicable decisions (U.S. Transportation Command 2016). Military operational ...Communication and Operational Vessel Routing. ERDC/CHL CHETN-IX-45. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center. http://dx.doi.org

  16. Military Review: Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    personnel and equipment in enormous quanti- BRIGHT STAR, QUICK FORCE, BLUE ties, flying all hours of the day and night to help FLAG and RED FLAG paved the...play of US determination and flexibility. Noth- 18 September 1991 * MILITARY REVIEW ""- - , ". A B-62 flying low over the PyramIkds dl . .~-. BRIGHT STAR...multisource al flying . communications capability had to be built from The challenges associated with the bed-down the ground up to tie the coalition

  17. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  18. Military Operations: The Harmful Effects of Hubris Influenced Leaders

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-20

    loc =2.1.1 10. Barbara W. Tuchman, The March of Folly: from Troy to Vietnam (New York: Ballantine Books, 1985): 46. 11. John Jones, On Aristotle...Oxford Journals, 6 May 2009. http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2009/02/12/brain.awp008.full 16. Valerie Petit and Helen Bollaert...www.nytimes.com/2013/04/14/us/militarys-top-officers- face-review-of-their-character.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 60. Valerie Petit and Helen Bollaert, “Flying too

  19. Remediation Technologies for Environmental Projects in the United States Military: Part 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-05-01

    Remediation Technologies for Environmental Projects in the United States Military: Part II by Joseph Aloysius Campbell, B.S.M.E. Thesis Presented...Science in Engineering The University of Texas at Austin May 1998 Remediation Technologies for Environmental Projects in the United States...Military: Part II APPROVED BY SUPERVISING COMMITTEE: * %hnD. Borcherding ABSTRACT Remediation Technologies for Environmental Projects in the

  20. [Military postgraduate courses at the Military Medical Academy: history, current state and prospects].

    PubMed

    Kotiv, B N; Ivchenko, E V; Zubenko, A I; Ovchinnikov, D V

    2013-12-01

    Training of scientific and scientific-pedagogical staff is one of the most important tasks of any high school. The problem of staff training arose in the Kirov Military Medical (Medical Surgical) Academy before its official foundation. In 1741 first scholars were sent abroad for the preparation of theses. The scholars were supposed to return to the hospital schools for teaching activity. Since 1802 scholars have defended their theses in the Academy. In 1858 special medical institute, the prototype of the Institute for postgraduate military studies was established. Many outstanding scientists studied in the Academy and brought name of the Academy into repute. At the present time, the Institute of postgraduate military studies (postgraduate) of the Kirov Military Medical Academy continues to train scientific staff. The Institute of postgraduate military studies remains one of the most successful institutes in Russia.

  1. Nutrient Recovery of Starch Processing Waste to Cordyceps militaris: Solid State Cultivation and Submerged Liquid Cultivation.

    PubMed

    Lee, Joonyeob; Cho, Kyungjin; Shin, Seung Gu; Bae, Hyokwan; Koo, Taewoan; Han, Gyuseong; Hwang, Seokhwan

    2016-09-01

    This study demonstrated the potential for managing starch processing waste (SPW) by bioconversion to Cordyceps militaris mycelia using solid state cultivation (SSC) and submerged liquid cultivation (SLC). The growth characteristics of C. militaris mycelium were accessed and compared for SSC and SLC systems on SPW under various conditions of initial SPW concentration, pH, and operating temperature. To quantify the mycelial biomass in SLC, original primer sets targeting the 18S rRNA gene of C. militaris were developed. In SSC, a maximum mycelial growth rate (543.1 mm(2)/day) was predicted to occur at 25.6 g SPW/L, pH 5.5, and 23.8 °C. In SLC, a maximum mycelial growth rate (1918.6 mg/L/day) was predicted to occur at 35.5 g SPW/L, pH 5.5, and 22.0 °C. Temperature was suggested as the most significant factor in both systems. The higher optimum substrate concentration observed for SLC than for SSC was likely due to difference in mycelial morphology and mixing effect.

  2. Military aviators, special operations forces, and causal malaria prophylaxis.

    PubMed

    Chambers, James A

    2003-12-01

    U.S. military aviators are currently restricted to the use of chloroquine or doxycycline for malaria prophylaxis. Ground forces are allowed the additional option of taking mefloquine. These medications are begun before deployment, must be taken for 4 weeks after leaving the malarious area, and primaquine must be added to the regimen the last 2 of those 4 weeks. Compliance with this regimen is often poor, especially in populations who travel abroad frequently for short periods of time. Causal malaria prophylaxis offers potential benefits of decreased length of postdeployment regimens and obviates the need for a second medication for terminal prophylaxis. Potential obstacles include adverse drug reactions, cost, and rapid development of resistance to new medications by Plasmodium species, which should be weighed against the risks to health and mission success in each deployment.

  3. [Influence of work factors on health state in personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects].

    PubMed

    Poluboiarinov, V N; Iusov, I G; Ivanchenko, A V; Turlakov, Iu S

    2014-01-01

    Complex of occupational studies and medical, statistical research helped to reveal climate, geographic and other factors influencing health state of personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects. Considering peculiarities of occupational activities in various specialists, the authors specified measures to improve medical service for nuclear technical military officers directly working with nuclear ammunition. Practical application of the measures helped to gain 1.5-1.7 times improvement in morbidity parameters among nuclear technical military officers.

  4. Entrepreneurial Expeditionary Economics and the United States Military. Right Task, Wrong Tool?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    British Army School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas AY 2011-02 Approved...ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORG REPORT School of Advanced Military Studies NUMBER 250 Gibbon Avenue Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-2134 9. SPONSORING I...expeditionary economics into a new approach to the successful delivery of aid? This study explores whether the military is the right actor to deliver

  5. Interagency Coordination in Military Operations Other Than War Implications for the U.S. Army,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    Children’s Emergency Fund UNITAF United Task Force XV11 UNMIH USACOM USAID USCENTCOM USIA USLO UN Mission in Haiti U.S. Atlantic Command U.S...ORH) in Somalia, Operation Support Hope (OSH) in Rwanda, and Operation Uphold Democracy (OUD) in Haiti . U.S. military efforts in each operation...additional responsibilities. In Haiti , for example, the Justice Department initially agreed to assume responsibility for helping to rebuild that country’s

  6. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Impact Statement. Supersonic Flight Operations in the Reserve Military Operations Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    mexicanus Muskrat Ondatra zibethica OLD WORLD RATS AND MICE MURIDAE Black Rat Rattus rattus House Mouse Mus musculus PORCUPINE ERETHIZONIDAE 5 Porcupine...carpet was a band about 16 feet wide parallel to the curved flight track. At the point where the overpressure is twice the nominal carpet, the width...iEFER TO: AS3 mU BJECT: Environmental Impact Statement - Supersonic Flight Operations in the Reserve Military Operations Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico

  7. United States Zone Constabulary: An Analysis of Manning Issues and Their Impact on Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-16

    Military History by BENJAMIN JAMES HARRIS, MAJOR, US ARMY B.A., The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1993...at the National Archives and Military History Institute. At Fort Riley, I’d like to thank Mr. Shannon Schwaller at the US Cavalry Museum Library and...constabulary histories used throughout the paper; and current operational information used in chapter 5. The books used for background information

  8. Experimental Setup to Assess Blast and Penetration-Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment by Paul S Duvall Approved for public release; distribution...MOUT) Environment by Paul S Duvall Weapons and Materials Research Directorate, ARL Approved for public release...Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  9. Commentary on: Combat-related gunshot wounds in the United States military: 2000-2009.

    PubMed

    Camm, Christian Fielder; Agha, Riaz Ahmed; Edison, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Gunshot wounds are an important cause of both morbidity and mortality within the military. With the deployment of the United States military into a two theater campaign over the past decade, the role of gunshot wounds in military personnel has come to the forefront. Gunshot wounds are often used and glamourized in popular culture. They are also fascinating to clinicians due to the difficulty in assessing such patients for injuries and treatment options.(1) Gunshot wounds also provide an opportunity to develop certain aspects of trauma management.(2) Walker et al. provide a coherent analysis of gunshot wounds to US military personnel during this period.(3).

  10. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Club Restaurant Operations, Part I, 9-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Army Quartermaster School, Ft. Lee, VA.

    These reading materials, self-test reviews, and examination for part 1 of a secondary-postsecondary subcourse in club management operations are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in civilian settings. Five lessons focusing on two topics are included…

  11. 9 April 1940 German Invasion of Norway - The Dawn of Decisive Airpower during Joint Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    illustrate Britain’s slow and half-hearted response. As early as the morning of 7 April, Royal Air Force Hudsons sighted one cruiser and six destroyers...Luftwaffe Attack on the British Home Fleet ..............................................................23 LESSONS FOR TODAY’S MILITARY...Figure 2. Weseruebung Command Structure / Operational Organization ........................13 Figure 3. German Attack on Norway, 7 - 9 April 1940

  12. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Club Restaurant Operations, Part II, 9-10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Army Quartermaster School, Ft. Lee, VA.

    These programmed instructional materials for part 2 of a secondary-postsecondary subcourse in club management operations are one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instruction and curriculum development in civilian settings. This part of the subcourse consists of three lessons and an…

  13. Data-Driven Modeling of Target Human Behavior in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-12

    Military Operations Elizabeth Mezzacappa, Ph.D. Gordon Cooke, MEME Gladstone Reid, MSBMS Robert DeMarco, MSBMS Charles Sheridan BA John...stress, and human behavior modeling and simulation issues. GORDON COOKE, MEME , is a Principal Investigator at the TBRL. He was also a Chief

  14. 48 CFR 246.270 - Safety of facilities, infrastructure, and equipment for military operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Safety of facilities, infrastructure, and equipment for military operations. 246.270 Section 246.270 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY...

  15. An Examination of Overt Offensive Military Operations Outside of Combat Zones

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    The Hunt for Pancho Villa ................................................................21 4. Modern Offensive Operations...Richard H. Schultz, Jr., calls the "Somalia syndrome .൲ E. SUMMARY Concerns and misconceptions about the moral and legal use of military forces, use...42 The "Somalia Syndrome " is where the administration, fearing an embarrassment like the battle of Mogadishu, is wary of preemptive special

  16. Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-07

    planning, interference among users and a shortage of assignable frequencies may limit operations. The systems that each NIST element is capable of...to include retasking (if the requirement is not satisfied), adding new requirements, or canceling satisfied requirements. 14. Collection Operations...subscribe to numerous summaries from all theaters. Assign lowest possible precedence on summary messages. Cancel summaries for the subordinate joint

  17. Search comparison in the infrared spectra for military operations in the urban terrain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devitt, Nicole M.; Flug, Eric; Moyer, Steve K.; Miller, Brian; Wilson, David L.

    2004-08-01

    This research compares target detection in the longwave and midwave spectral bands in urban environments. The Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) imaged one hundred scenes at several Army Military Operations in the Urban Terrain (MOUT) sites during day and night. Images were resized to make the field-of-view (FOV) for each scene approximately the same. These images were then presented in a time-limited search perception experiment using military observers. Probabilities of detection were compared between the two spectral bands. Results from MOUT search were compared with previous modeling efforts.

  18. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Level of Organization AMC ............... Army Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC ...Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to prepare time- phased

  19. Operational Approach to Generalized Coherent States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    DeMartino, Salvatore; DeSiena, Silvio

    1996-01-01

    Generalized coherent states for general potentials, constructed through a controlling mechanism, can also be obtained applying on a reference state suitable operators. An explicit example is supplied.

  20. An Information Requirements Analysis of Military Airlift Command (MAC) Aerial Port Operations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    16:19 (January 1985). Office of Public Affairs. Military Airlift Command Aerial Ports. United States Air Force Fact Sheet. Scott AFB IL: August 1986...the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the School of Systems and Logistics, the Air University, the United States Air Force, or the...intertheater ports are in the continental United States and are located at Travis AFB and Norton AFB, California; McChord AFB, Washington; McGuire AFB, New

  1. Combat Readiness for the Modern Military Surgeon: Data from a Decade of Combat Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Pusateri AE, Holcomb JB. A special report on the chitosan -based hemostatic dressing : experience in current combat operations. J Trauma. 2006;60:655...scientific advances have occurred, such as advancement in tourniquet use, he- mostatic dressings , renal replacement therapy, and endovas- cular...prepare capable military surgeons, predeployment training must involve an analysis of wounds and patterns seen in current operations and must be revised to

  2. Challenges to Military Operations in Support of U.S. Interests. Volume 2: Main Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    enhance the capabilities of general -purpose forces to operate in an environment where WMD have been used. Further, the ability to operate in and...more generally , seemed sufficient to protect the homeland from attack. This complacency was shattered along with the World Trade Center in 2001. In... generally results in compliance. Defend allies. Direct engagement by U.S. military force may be required to defend its allies and their worthy

  3. Improving Information Operations with a Military Cultural Analyst

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    marketing – marketing is a holistic process that coordinates the functions of multiple activities, commonly referred to as the marketing mix .39 In reality...information operations. In fact, analysis of the elements of the marketing process – the target market and the marketing mix – provides the IO planner with...two distinct tools by which to improve the planning and execution of information operations. First, the study of the marketing mix , the four

  4. An Analysis of the Second Lebanon War and its Impact on United States Military Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-14

    Paretz, Lebanon, UNIFIL , United !\\lations 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT uu a. REPORT I b. ABSTRACT I c. THIS PAGE...Counter Insurgency (COIN) operations, • Embraced the Effects Based Operations (EBO) doctrine while only considering those aspects directed toward military...considering those aspects directed toward military victory instead of a comprehensive view of all objectives, • Limited the use of traditional means of

  5. Integration and Penetration Opportunities of Alternative Energy, Fuels, and Technologies within Military Systems, Logistics, and Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    industry estimates have shown that approximately 70 percent of processed crude oil is currently imported to the United States for further processing and...33 D. Feedstock, Production and Availability Metrics ....................................... 34 E. Residual Waste and Byproducts... industrial parks, and military installations continue to represent the largest consumer of non- renewable energy sources derived from fossil-fuel-based

  6. 48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military Companies. 252.225-7007 Section... Chinese Military Companies. As prescribed in 225.1103(4), use the following clause: Prohibition On Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items From Communist Chinese Military Companies (SEP 2006) (a...

  7. Military Police, The Answer to the Stability Operations Gap

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-19

    the region slowed the creation of an interim Iraqi authority that could have minimized the perception of occupation and enhanced the perception of...Reconstruction Management Office (IRMO), within State, and the Project and Contracting Office ( PCO ), within Defense. IRMO was charged with...facilitating transition in Iraq, while PCO provided acquisition and project management support. Ambiguities in NSPD-36 bred coordination problems among State

  8. Thirteenth Century Mongol Warfare: Classical Military Strategy of Operational Art?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-05

    two arguments. The first purports that operational art emerged with the industrial revolution. Union General Ulysses S. Grant’s 1864-65 campaign during...wage war. T= CZUAL EUROPEA CAMPAIGN (1241, Genghis Khan died in 1227, but his successors carried on his method of warfare with extraordinary skill

  9. Hernia operations using laparoscopic hernioplasty on military personnel with a short hospitalization time.

    PubMed

    Demirbas, Sezai; Ogun, Ibrahim; Akta, Osman; Kurt, Yavuz; Yildiz, Mehmet; Akin, M Levhi; Celenk, Tuncay

    2003-10-01

    Laparoscopic hernioplasty was performed by either transabdominal preperitoneal or totally extraperitoneal approaches, The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that laparoscopic hernioplasty is a way to treat military personnel in the army with less pain and for the patients to return to an active lifestyle in a short time. A total of 217 laparoscopic hernioplasty were performed in 192 patients. Eighty-eight hernias were operated by transabdominal preperitoneal and the 146 hernias were operated by totally extraperitoneal approach hernioplasty. The mean +/- SD operation times were 69.4 +/- 23.94 and 58.3 +/- 24.13 minutes for the transabdominal preperitoneal and the totally extraperitoneal approach, respectively (p = 0.42). Postoperative pain was monitored by the visual analog scale. Hospitalization time for patients without complications was significantly shorter (p = 0.02). Laparoscopic hernioplasty could be performed on military personnel who need to return to work quickly with a short hospitalization time, less pain, and lower recurrence rate.

  10. Damage control: unintended pregnancy in the United States military.

    PubMed

    Ponder, Kathryn L; Nothnagle, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    Women's access to reproductive health care is an ongoing source of conflict in U.S. politics; however, women in the military are often overlooked in these debates. Reproductive health care, including family planning, is a fundamental component of health care for women. Unintended pregnancy carries substantial health risks and financial costs, particularly for servicewomen. Compared with their civilian counterparts, women in the military experience greater challenges in preventing unwanted pregnancy and have less access to contraceptive services and abortion. Current military policies, federal laws, and health care practices are not always consistent with evidence-based research and patient-centered care. A multidisciplinary effort on the part of military personnel, lawmakers, and health care providers is needed to eliminate these disparities. We discuss recommendations in the following categories: improving contraceptive education and adherence, expanding research, broadening access to the full range of contraceptive options including emergency contraception, and ensuring access to safe abortion.

  11. Gunshot wounds in military working dogs in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom: 29 cases (2003-2009).

    PubMed

    Baker, Janice L; Havas, Karyn A; Miller, Laura A; Lacy, Ward A; Schlanser, Justin

    2013-01-01

    To describe the patient population, injuries, and treatment received on the battlefield, and ultimate outcome of U.S. military working dogs that incurred gunshot wound (GSW) injury in Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) or Operation Iraqi Freedom (Iraq). Retrospective study between January 2003 and December 2009. Twenty-nine military working dogs from the U.S. military with confirmed GSW injuries incurred in combat in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom. None. Clinical data from battlefield treatment, which includes care from the point of injury through arrival to, but not including, a designated veterinary treatment facility. Twenty-nine dogs were injured between 2003 and 2009. All but one of the injuries were from high caliber, high velocity weapons. Of the 29 injured dogs, 11 survived the injuries and 18 died (38% survival rate). Of the dogs that died, all but 1 died from catastrophic nonsurvivable injuries before treatment or evacuation could be instituted. The thorax was the most common site of injury (50%) followed by extremity wounds (46%). The leading cause of death from GSWs was from thoracic wounds, followed by head wounds. Dogs with extremity wounds as their only injury were most likely to survive, and dogs with multiple injuries were least likely to survive. All surviving dogs received treatment at the point of injury by military medics and dog handlers consistent with Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines for combat injuries in human service members. Of the 11 that survived, all dogs returned to full duty with subsequent deployment to combat zones. Location of wounds and injury severity at the time of presentation to veterinary care was not correlated with length of time until return to duty. © Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2012.

  12. Roles of the Military Dietitian in Combat Operations and Humanitarian Assistance-Professional Development and Utilization.

    PubMed

    Story, Kerryn L; Bukhari, Asma S; Bovill, Maria

    2016-10-01

    Military dietitians have long been valued members of the health care team, called on for their expertise as early as World War I. However, in the more recent conflicts over the past two decades, their role in health care delivery as a component of medical stability operations has been largely undefined. The purpose of this study was to explore the types of missions supported by U.S. military dietitians and characterize any unique competencies critical to their success during these missions using an online questionnaire. Sixty-five military dietitians responded to an online questionnaire and 49 (75%) shared their deployment experiences, lessons learned, and recommendations for future training based on 57 deployments from 1975 to 2014. Results indicated that during these deployments nutrition- and dietetics-related competencies were capitalized along with staff positions in support of combat and humanitarian operations. The majority (n = 24; 51%) valued mentorship as a useful resource before deployments followed by field experience (45%) and Web-based training (43%). The authors propose standardized formal training for military dietitians aimed at increasing strategic level awareness of partnerships and collaborations between U.S. Government and interagency organizations; these associations are vital for sustained synchronization of global health efforts.

  13. 21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-01

    addressing needs that are key to operating in a complex electromagnetic environment— dynamically managing use of the spectrum , achieving near real...emerged in the course of the study: • First is the need to dynamically manage use of the electromagnetic spectrum . The U.S. lacks not only current...in three separate areas: 1) the need to manage use of the electromagnetic spectrum far better and more dynamically than today; 2) the need to adapt

  14. Are We Winning? A Brief History of Military Operations Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    classified database (called the Combined Information Data Network Exchange, or CIDNE).68 Operations analysts at MNF -I and MNC-I led this effort, and CIDNE...West ( MNF -W) in 2007, for example, relied on more qualitative methods involving the use of standards. These standards were defined for a number of...of MNF -W.69 EBA tended to devalue such qualitative inputs as necessarily subjective and therefore less reliable. However, as the limitations of

  15. Toward the Effective Use of Military Veterinarians in Stability Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    civilian agencies. • Develop and conduct monitoring and evaluation to identify and act upon “lessons learned.” x Toward the Effective Use of...the veterinary community). – Formal training related to interagency coordination prior to deployment. 6. Lack of (required) monitoring and evaluation , to...inform future stability operations: • DoDD 3000.05 requires monitoring and evaluation of projects to estimate progress toward a goal

  16. Use of eternal flight unmanned aircraft in military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kök, Zafer

    2014-06-01

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), are planned to use solar energy, are being more common and interesting gradually. Today, these systems are very promising while fossil fuels are diminishing rapidly. Academic research is still being conducted to develop unmanned aerial systems which will store energy during day time and use it during night time. Development of unmanned aerial systems, which have eternal flight or very long loiter periods, could be possible by such an energy management. A UAV, which can fly very long time, could provide many advantages that cannot be obtained by conventional aircrafts and satellites. Such systems can be operated as fixed satellites on missions with very low cost in circumstances that require continuous intelligence. By improving automation systems these vehicles could be settled on operation area autonomously and can be grounded easily in case of necessities and maintenance. In this article, the effect of solar powered UAV on operation area has been done a literature review, to be used in surveillance and reconnaissance missions.

  17. Spring 2008 Industry Study. Privatized Military Operations Industry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Hill, United States Army, PMO Faculty Group Captain Peter Layton , Royal Australian Air Force, PMO Faculty Dr. Andy Leith, Economics Instructor...Department of Defense entered into more than 3,000 contracts with U.S.-based firms at an estimated contract value of more than $300 billion.10 Today ...the basis for economic growth and terror-free nations. The Department of States’ strategic plan for FY2007-2012 titled Transformational Diplomacy

  18. Seamless Military/Civilian Transition: Holding the Operational Force Together

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-14

    Components in the wake of the Long War caused the Department of Defense (DOD), and the U.S. Government ( USG ) as a whole, to relook governing policies...inherent in the USG system places most trade credentialing at the state level. In order for this to be implemented, a nationalization of...will spend one week every three weeks in an internship with the Army for the entire time they are in the program of study until they graduate

  19. [Military psychiatry in a theatre of operations: on mission in Mali].

    PubMed

    Colas, Marie-Dominique

    2015-01-01

    The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of "forward psychiatry" has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel.

  20. Energy Investments for Military Operations: For Fiscal Year 2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Energy Performance and  Efficiency in Operations and Training include:  generators and  microgrids  improvements;  combat vehicle improvements; an improved...Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013    15     U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Electrical Grid Projects.  These tactical  microgrid ...procurement for distribution in AFG   Reduce‐Hybrid 1‐2 Transportable Wind Solar. This effort deploys a solar  microgrid  to  reduce fuel consumption

  1. Epidemiology of ankle sprain at the United States Military Academy.

    PubMed

    Waterman, Brian R; Belmont, Philip J; Cameron, Kenneth L; Deberardino, Thomas M; Owens, Brett D

    2010-04-01

    Ankle sprain is a common injury in athletic populations that results in significant time lost to injury. The incidence rates (IRs) of ankle ligament sprains are influenced by gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), physical conditioning, level of competition, type of sport, and athlete exposure to sport. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. A longitudinal cohort study was performed to determine the effect of risk factors for ankle sprain at the United States Military Academy between 2005 and 2007. A total 614 cadets sustained new ankle sprains during 10 511 person-years at risk, resulting in an overall IR of 58.4 per 1000 person-years. Women (96.4), compared with men (52.7), had a significantly increased rate ratio (IRR) for ankle sprain of 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.52-2.20). Men with ankle sprains had higher mean height, weight, and BMI than uninjured men (P <.001). Men with ankle sprains had higher average scores in push-ups, sit-ups, and run time than uninjured men (P <.001). Ankle sprain occurred most commonly during athletics (64.1%). Ankle sprain IR did not significantly differ between intercollegiate and intramural athletic competition after controlling for athlete-exposure (IRR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.81-1.37). The ankle sprain IRR of female compared with male intercollegiate athletes was 0.93 (95% CI, 0.67-1.32) per 1000 person-years and 1.04 (95% CI, 0.74-1.47) per 1000 athlete-exposures. The intercollegiate sports of men's rugby, women's cheerleading, and men's/women's basketball, soccer, and lacrosse had the highest ankle sprain IR. Higher mean height and weight in men, increased BMI in men, greater physical conditioning in men, and athlete exposure to selected sports were all risk factors for ankle sprain.

  2. After the Dust Settles: The Role of the US Military in Reconstruction Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    approach for organizing US reconstruction operations and if so, what should the military role or roles be within it? If history is any reliable indicator...elected in US history and as post-war Commander of the Army had had his attention split between reconstruction and the American Indian Wars. His...American troops had perished in Okinawa in what was considered by many to be the among the worst battles of the war. 7 When the theory of the atomic bomb

  3. Exploiting Human Science Advances for Military Operations: Past Challenges & Future Vision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    6 RTO-MP-HFM-181 REFERENCES [1] Bell, D. et al. Effects of caffeine , ephedrine, and their combination on high intensity aerobic exercise...only locate, fix, and “kill” military targets, but to also do so from afar. The RMA concepts were effectively demonstrated in operations during the...use of drugs by athletes to improve their performance. 4. EXAMPLES OF POTENTIAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS LEADING TO KNOWLEDGE EXPLOITATION Creative

  4. Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-24

    Carr, 369 U.S. 186, 211-12 (1962) (noting that justiciability of a foreign affairs matter is determined “in terms of the history of its management by...to a coordinate political department” the dominant factor for determining justiciability ). 140 Massachusetts v. Laird, 451 F.2d 26, 31-32 (1st Cir...duration of hostilities.”). Another court found justiciable the question of whether military operations were constitutional, proclaiming the test to

  5. Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-07-11

    noting that justiciability of a foreign affairs matter is determined “in terms of the history of its management by the political branches, of its...the dominant factor for determining justiciability ). 171 Massachusetts v. Laird, 451 F.2d 26, 31-32 (1st Cir. 1971)(“The Congress may without...Another court found justiciable the question of whether military operations (continued...) authority as Commander in Chief.166 Nonetheless, historical

  6. Finding the Balance: U.S. Military and Future Operations (PKSOI Papers)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    Latin America . Along with General James N. Mat- tis, he spearheaded the development of the FM 3-24, Counterinsurgency in 2006, the first intensive...FINDING THE BALANCE: U.S. MILITARY AND FUTURE OPERATIONS INTRODUCTION In 1755, the British Army in North America , shak- en by the defeat of General...in the complex environment of North America .1 In 1966 the U.S Army, shaken by it experience in Viet Nam transformed itself. By 1972 the Army had

  7. Human Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology, and Ethics)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    to develop a drug known as endomorphin -1 that is based on the naturally occurring pain-control compound in the human brain, but with fewer of the...side effects of morphine. Endomorphin -1 proved to be rapidly metabolized. Subsequently, an analog of endomorphin -1 was developed that has similar...Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology, and Ethics) 34 - 6 RTO-MP-HFM-181 endomorphin analog rewarding, in

  8. Higher-level fusion for military operations based on abductive inference: proof of principle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pantaleev, Aleksandar V.; Josephson, John

    2006-04-01

    The ability of contemporary military commanders to estimate and understand complicated situations already suffers from information overload, and the situation can only grow worse. We describe a prototype application that uses abductive inferencing to fuse information from multiple sensors to evaluate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses that are close to the levels of abstraction needed for decision making (approximately JDL levels 2 and 3). Abductive inference (abduction, inference to the best explanation) is a pattern of reasoning that occurs naturally in diverse settings such as medical diagnosis, criminal investigations, scientific theory formation, and military intelligence analysis. Because abduction is part of common-sense reasoning, implementations of it can produce reasoning traces that are very human understandable. Automated abductive inferencing can be deployed to augment human reasoning, taking advantage of computation to process large amounts of information, and to bypass limits to human attention and short-term memory. We illustrate the workings of the prototype system by describing an example of its use for small-unit military operations in an urban setting. Knowledge was encoded as it might be captured prior to engagement from a standard military decision making process (MDMP) and analysis of commander's priority intelligence requirements (PIR). The system is able to reasonably estimate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses based on information from multiple sensors. Its inference processes can be examined closely to verify correctness. Decision makers can override conclusions at any level and changes will propagate appropriately.

  9. Prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers deployed for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Korzeniewski, K; Nitsch-Osuch, Aneta; Konarski, M; Guzek, A; Prokop, E; Bieniuk, K

    2013-01-01

    Respiratory diseases are one of the most common health problems among service personnel assigned to contemporary military operations which are conducted in areas characterized by adverse environmental conditions. This article reviews the results of the studies into the prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers of the Polish Military Contingent deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. The article also discusses a number of factors which increase the prevalence of diseases diagnosed in the population of soldiers on a military mission in different climatic and sanitary conditions. Retrospective analysis was based on medical records of Polish troops treated on an outpatient basis in Iraq in 2003-2004 (n = 871) and in Afghanistan in 2003-2005 (n = 400), 2009 (n = 2,300), and 2010 (n = 2,500). The intensity rates were calculated and were then used to calculate the prevalence of diseases per 100 persons in a given population of the military personnel. We found that acute respiratory tract diseases were one of the most common health problems treated in outpatient medical facilities in all four study populations. The incidence rate was 45.6 cases in Iraq in 2003-2004, and in Afghanistan it amounted to 61.8 in 2003-2005, 45.3 in 2009, and 54.8-100 persons in 2010. In conclusion, the prevalence of respiratory diseases was closely related to the environmental factors, such as sand and dust storms, extreme temperature changes, unsatisfactory sanitary conditions, and common disregard of basic principles concerning disease prevention.

  10. [Experience in organization of drug supply for military personnel and military retirees in the United States].

    PubMed

    Miroshnichenko, Iu V; Gaĭnov, V S

    2012-01-01

    In the U.S. troops and military retirees realize the right to obtain drugs by participating in a nationwide managed care program TRICARE under the routines TRICARE Pharmacy. Militarily, the U.S. health care holding drug based on the Basic Core Formulary and Extended Core Formulary, which are developed by US Department of Defense Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee. Realization of subprogram TRICARE Pharmacy is performed by Express Scripts.

  11. Occupational exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment: measurements and simulation.

    PubMed

    Paljanos, Annamaria; Miclaus, Simona; Munteanu, Calin

    2015-09-01

    Technical literature provides numerous studies concerning radiofrequency exposure measurements for various radio communication devices, but there are few studies related to exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment. In order to evaluate exposure and identify cases when safety requirements are not entirely met, both measurements and simulations are needed for accurate results. Moreover, given the technical characteristics of the radio devices used in the military, personnel mainly operate in the near-field region so both measurements and simulation becomes more complex. Measurements were made in situ using a broadband personal exposimeter equipped with two isotropic probes for both electric and magnetic components of the field. The experiment was designed for three different operating frequencies of the same radio equipment, while simulations were made in FEKO software using hybrid numerical methods to solve complex electromagnetic field problems. The paper aims to discuss the comparative results of the measurements and simulation, as well as comparing them to reference levels specified in military or civilian radiofrequency exposure standards.

  12. [The history of military training at the First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M.Sechenov].

    PubMed

    Chizh, I M; Putilo, V M; Tregubov, V N; Timakov, V V

    2011-11-01

    In 2011, the oldest medical educational institution of Russia--the First Moscow State Medical University n. a. I.M.Sechenov celebrates 85 years of military training. Passing not easy, but at the same time, glorious path of military training in First MGMU n. a. I.M.Sechenov today occupies a key place in the training of military physicians.

  13. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  14. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  15. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of... § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The term “military or naval forces of the United States” and the term “Armed Forces of the United States” each includes all...

  16. 75 FR 62439 - The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ...-00006] The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This is a notice of the Military..., and the Military Reservist and Veteran Small Business Reauthorization Act of 2008, this notice...

  17. Guide to Rebuilding Governance in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    of Peace, Special Report No. 107, July 2003. Heinemann-Gruder, Andreas , and Igor Grebenschikov. “Security Governance by Internationals: The Case of...Bowman. “Police Reform Programs: Links to Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Social Stability in Violent and Fragile States.” In Cornwallis XI: Analysis...In Cornwallis XI: Analysis for Civil-Military Transitions, David Davis, Alexander Woodcock, and George Rose, eds., Clementsport, Nova Scotia

  18. Affordable Housing for Military Families: State/Federal Inducement Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-04-01

    locations. Pro forma budgets for new construction projects are presented to illustrate the financial incentives offered by the credit program and the...Program for Military Family Housing. Specific attention is afforded the new construction projects being funded in the Ft. Drum area of New York, the

  19. A Survey of the Present State-Of-The-Art In Learning Center Operations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Dennis J.; And Others

    A survey of 28 military industrial, government, and academic learning centers was conducted. The purposes were to document the state of the art in the establishment and operation of these centers and to determine their potential usefulness in terms of being able to provide individualized, cost-effective instruction in Air Force training programs.…

  20. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-05

    collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 05 MAY 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED...Child Survival; International Narcotics Control & Law Enforcement; and Foreign Military Financing. . State, Foreign Operations, and Related... Ethiopia , Georgia, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Tunisia

  1. Military Operations Other Than War in the New World Order: An Analysis of Joint Doctrine for the Coming Era.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-05-01

    Background 11 Policy, Doctrine, and Strategy: Some Important Differences 11 Current National Security Policy and Current National Military Strategy...how do these principles address the differences between war and operations short of war? How applicable are these principles across the broad range...Builder, 1995b:ix). To many military observers, the current doctrine for MOOTW, continues to marginalize operations short of war when just the opposite

  2. Conventional Force Modernization and the Asymmetries of Military Doctrine: Historical Reflections on Airland Battle and the Operational Maneuver Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-20

    echelon, or Follow-On Forces Attack ( FOFA ). 6 1 The core of the workshop report on the Soviet threat was Christopher Donnelly’s analysis of an emerging...debate regarding the military-political implications of operational-maneuver-groups, AirLand Battle and Follow-On- Forces-Attack ( FOFA ), marks the...decisive manner at the operational-strategic level. 31 To some extent the surprise was the result of the poverty of Western analysis of Soviet military

  3. A Model to Transform NATO’s Operational Level Military Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    structures. 109 Tony Skinner , “Deficiencies in C4I plague ISAF operations,” Jane’s Defense Weekly, (23 May 2007), 6. 42 to determine a common...Forces.” Survival 44, no.3 Autumn 2002, 117-132. Bonnart, Frederick . “Changing NATO.” Military Technology 27, 07/2003, 4. Bonsignore, Luca, “NRF...Center for Strategy And Technology, Maxwell AFB, AL, 2005. Skinner , Tony. “Deficiencies in C4I plague ISAF operations.” Jane’s Defense Weekly, 23 May

  4. SOCAP: Lessons learned in applying SIPE-2 to the military operations crisis action planning domain

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desimone, Roberto

    1992-01-01

    This report describes work funded under the DARPA Planning and Scheduling Initiative that led to the development of SOCAP (System for Operations Crisis Action Planning). In particular, it describes lessons learned in applying SIPE-2, the underlying AI planning technology within SOCAP, to the domain of military operations deliberate and crisis action planning. SOCAP was demonstrated at the U.S. Central Command and at the Pentagon in early 1992. A more detailed report about the lessons learned is currently being prepared. This report was presented during one of the panel discussions on 'The Relevance of Scheduling to AI Planning Systems.'

  5. UAV-guided navigation for ground robot tele-operation in a military reconnaissance environment.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jessie Y C

    2010-08-01

    A military reconnaissance environment was simulated to examine the performance of ground robotics operators who were instructed to utilise streaming video from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to navigate his/her ground robot to the locations of the targets. The effects of participants' spatial ability on their performance and workload were also investigated. Results showed that participants' overall performance (speed and accuracy) was better when she/he had access to images from larger UAVs with fixed orientations, compared with other UAV conditions (baseline- no UAV, micro air vehicle and UAV with orbiting views). Participants experienced the highest workload when the UAV was orbiting. Those individuals with higher spatial ability performed significantly better and reported less workload than those with lower spatial ability. The results of the current study will further understanding of ground robot operators' target search performance based on streaming video from UAVs. The results will also facilitate the implementation of ground/air robots in military environments and will be useful to the future military system design and training community.

  6. Reflections on the United States military 1941-1987.

    PubMed

    Mandels, Mary; Eveleigh, Douglas E

    2009-09-01

    This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol). This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis.Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did. In particular was her love

  7. Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987

    PubMed Central

    Mandels, Mary; Eveleigh, Douglas E

    2009-01-01

    This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol). This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis. Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did. In particular was her love

  8. Compliance with antimalarial chemoprophylaxis recommendations for wounded United States military personnel admitted to a military treatment facility.

    PubMed

    Rini, Elizabeth A; Weintrob, Amy C; Tribble, David R; Lloyd, Bradley A; Warkentien, Tyler E; Shaikh, Faraz; Li, Ping; Aggarwal, Deepak; Carson, M Leigh; Murray, Clinton K

    2014-06-01

    Malaria chemoprophylaxis is used as a preventive measure in military personnel deployed to malaria-endemic countries. However, limited information is available on compliance with chemoprophylaxis among trauma patients during hospitalization and after discharge. Therefore, we assessed antimalarial primary chemoprophylaxis and presumptive antirelapse therapy (primaquine) compliance among wounded United States military personnel after medical evacuation from Afghanistan (June 2009-August 2011) to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Landstuhl, Germany, and then to three U.S. military hospitals. Among admissions at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, 74% of 2,540 patients were prescribed primary chemoprophylaxis and < 1% were prescribed primaquine. After transfer of 1,331 patients to U.S. hospitals, 93% received primary chemoprophylaxis and 33% received primaquine. Of 751 trauma patients with available post-admission data, 42% received primary chemoprophylaxis for four weeks, 33% received primaquine for 14 days, and 17% received both. These antimalarial chemoprophylaxis prescription rates suggest that improved protocols to continue malaria chemoprophylaxis in accordance with force protection guidelines are needed. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

  9. Compliance with Antimalarial Chemoprophylaxis Recommendations for Wounded United States Military Personnel Admitted to a Military Treatment Facility

    PubMed Central

    Rini, Elizabeth A.; Weintrob, Amy C.; Tribble, David R.; Lloyd, Bradley A.; Warkentien, Tyler E.; Shaikh, Faraz; Li, Ping; Aggarwal, Deepak; Carson, M. Leigh; Murray, Clinton K.

    2014-01-01

    Malaria chemoprophylaxis is used as a preventive measure in military personnel deployed to malaria-endemic countries. However, limited information is available on compliance with chemoprophylaxis among trauma patients during hospitalization and after discharge. Therefore, we assessed antimalarial primary chemoprophylaxis and presumptive antirelapse therapy (primaquine) compliance among wounded United States military personnel after medical evacuation from Afghanistan (June 2009–August 2011) to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Landstuhl, Germany, and then to three U.S. military hospitals. Among admissions at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, 74% of 2,540 patients were prescribed primary chemoprophylaxis and < 1% were prescribed primaquine. After transfer of 1,331 patients to U.S. hospitals, 93% received primary chemoprophylaxis and 33% received primaquine. Of 751 trauma patients with available post-admission data, 42% received primary chemoprophylaxis for four weeks, 33% received primaquine for 14 days, and 17% received both. These antimalarial chemoprophylaxis prescription rates suggest that improved protocols to continue malaria chemoprophylaxis in accordance with force protection guidelines are needed. PMID:24732457

  10. Special Operations Forces Interagency Counterterrorism Reference Manual, Second Edition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    Civil-Military Coordination Center ( CMCC ) is typically located within a secured, military-controlled facility. Access is limited to the key HN...United States of America www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2008/07/107063.htm Civil-Military Cooperation Center Civil-Military Coordination Center ( CMCC ...Operations Task Force (DoD) CMCC . Civil-Military Coordination Center CMM. Conflict Management and Mitigation (USAID) CMO. Civil-Military Operations (DoD) CMOC

  11. Gender Integration of Women into U.S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachments Alpha as an 18 Series Military Occupational Specialty

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    GENDER INTEGRATION OF WOMEN INTO U.S. ARMY SPECIAL FORCES OPERATIONAL DETACHMENTS ALPHA AS AN 18 SERIES MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTY... Integration of Women into U.S. Army Special Forces Operational Detachments Alpha as an 18 series Military Occupational Specialty 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...rescinded by the Department of Defense. The military services were allowed to gradually and systematically integrate women into male-only military

  12. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-06

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  13. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-21

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  14. Clavicle fractures in the United States military: incidence and characteristics.

    PubMed

    Hsiao, Mark S; Cameron, Kenneth L; Huh, Jeannie; Hsu, Joseph R; Benigni, Matthew; Whitener, JoAnna C; Owens, Brett D

    2012-08-01

    Although it is generally known that clavicle fractures represent a common injury of the shoulder girdle in the general population, the true incidence in the active duty military population is unknown. Given the implications for such injuries on the ability to perform occupation-specific tasks, determining the incidence in the U.S. military population is worthwhile. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of clavicle fractures in the U.S. military and to identify any demographic risk factors for injury. We performed a query of the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database with the code from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, for clavicle fractures for the years 1999 through 2008. An overall injury incidence was calculated, in addition to multivariate analysis, to determine independent risk factors among the following demographic considerations: sex, race, branch of military service, rank, and age. During the study period, a total of 12,514 clavicle fractures were documented among an at-risk population of 13,770,767 person-years for an incidence rate (IR) of 0.91 per 1,000 person-years in the U.S. Military. Males, when compared with females, were more than twice as likely to sustain a clavicle fracture (IR ratios [IRR], 2.30; 95% confidence intervals [CI], 2.12-2.49). The peak incidence of clavicle fractures occurred in the age groups of <20 and 20 to 24. Compared to black service members, the white service members were associated with significantly higher rate of clavicle fractures (IRR, 2.45; 95% CI, 2.28-2.63). The service members serving in the Marine Corps were associated with a higher IR of clavicle fractures when compared to those in the Navy (IRR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.35-1.53). Junior enlisted service members were 34% as likely to sustain a clavicle fracture when compared to senior officers (IRR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.34-1.60 and IRR, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.99-1.28, respectively). The incidence of clavicle fractures among U.S. military

  15. Command History. United States Military Assistance Command, Vietnam 1965. Sanitized

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1965-01-01

    340 (C) The buildup of both US and RVNAF units caused competition between the two for transportation, communication facilities, real estate , service...contingency missions. Real estate acreage requirements were minimal, although some 150 requests for land usage were processed 602 During 1965, by way of...certain US requirements such as real estate for military installations and BEQ/BOQ.s. (S) The real ostate procedure followed in the case of Chu Lai was

  16. United States Military Theorists: A Study of Patrons and Interests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-21

    the world of the military theorist are those who work in the defense industry and those in think tanks. Other stakeholders have bearing in the...the end of war by directly breaking the morale of the people. Experiences of World War II do not bear this out to be necessarily true. 50 Billy...1893, A.T. Mahan had Teddy Roosevelt intervene to protect his career from a rather damning fitness report from Rear Admiral Henry Erben for his

  17. Military deployment health surveillance policy and its application to Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Hartman, Richard T; Wolfson, Jay; Yevich, Steven J

    2004-01-01

    An evaluation research methodology was used to determine whether deployment health surveillance for Special Operations Forces conformed with Department of Defense policy directives for the specified target population. Data for this methodology were based on pre- and postdeployment health assessments as well as patient encounters recorded during deployments. The data represented 1,094 individual and unique Special Operations Forces members deployed to 12 different countries from October 2000 through December 2001. Results from the study suggested that military deployment health surveillance policy goals for predeployment medical referrals, patient data capture, and documentation during the deployment and postdeployment medical referrals were being poorly met when Department of Defense and Joint Chiefs of Staff mandates were applied to Special Operations Forces in an unconventional operations environment. Preliminary evaluation indicates that deployment health surveillance implementation could be improved with the introduction of policy awareness education, training, and technology.

  18. Communications Data Base Analysis for Military Operations in a Built-Up Area (MOBA/COBA).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-08-09

    34. The objectives of this study were, broadly, (i) to a sess the state-of-the- art for radio communications in built- up areas; (ii) to determine the...assess the state-of-the- art for communications in built-up areas; (ii) determine the capabilities of the military to maintain reliable communications in...antenna, 0 namely its low profile (much , than a ,-.ar: i ,ve antenna) d small size and weight. 4.1 MOBA Communications Meeti,,,is with Europea

  19. The medical department in military operations other than war. Part I. Planning for deployment.

    PubMed

    Baker, M S; Ryals, P A

    1999-08-01

    Many military deployments are "military operations other than war" (MOOTW), a spectrum of assignments less than all-out combat. The corresponding medical support requirement differs from conventional military medical combat support and also from customary civilian medical practice. Hence, medical planners will use different doctrine and planning tools than are used in civilian facilities or on field training exercises when tasked for MOOTW activities. The deployment team must be self-sufficient, plan for very large numbers of affected individuals, and arrange for food, water, shelter, sanitation, power, light, security, transportation, communications, and team health care in advance of arrival. Careful and well-thought-out advance liaison with numerous interested parties is required to ensure mission success. The medical department on these missions may represent the lead element, and other warfare specialists and line and staff officers may support the medical mission by providing security, communications, transportation, and logistics. The medical team may find that it represents the foreign policy "point of the spear" during MOOTW deployments.

  20. An Examination of Factors Relating to Retention of United States Military Academy Graduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmonds, Maurice O.

    Graduates of the United States Military Academy, who received concentrated professional and motivational training, have served traditionally as the backbone of the United States Officer Corps. The fact that numbers of these graduates resign after completing their service obligation deserves special attention. Factors influencing graduates to…

  1. Why They Leave: Resignations from the United States Military Academy Class of 1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leider, Robert

    The study explores the reasons for the resignation from the United States Army among graduates of the United States Military Class of 1966. It seeks to determine reasons for resignations, quality of resignees compared with nonresignees, and what can be done to reduce resignations of Academy graduates. Through questionnaires and personal…

  2. An Examination of Factors Relating to Retention of United States Military Academy Graduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmonds, Maurice O.

    Graduates of the United States Military Academy, who received concentrated professional and motivational training, have served traditionally as the backbone of the United States Officer Corps. The fact that numbers of these graduates resign after completing their service obligation deserves special attention. Factors influencing graduates to…

  3. Towards an Integrated Campaign Plan: The Use of Political, Economic, and Military Elements of National Power at the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-13

    200 words) SEE ATTACHED. 14. SUBJECT TERMS 15. NUMBER OF PAGES OPERATIONAL ART OPERATION JUST CAUSE 50 CAMPAIGN PLANNING OPERATION DESERT STORM 16...Through analysis of military theory and subsequent discussion and analysis of the recent operations, JUST CAUSE and DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM...analyzing the works of Clausewitz and later military theorists. By evaluating current U.S. military doctrine and the recent American campaigns, JUST CAUSE

  4. Impact of phlebotomine sand flies on U.S. Military operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 1. background, military situation, and development of a "Leishmaniasis Control Program".

    PubMed

    Coleman, Russell E; Burkett, Douglas A; Putnam, John L; Sherwood, Van; Caci, Jennifer B; Jennings, Barton T; Hochberg, Lisa P; Spradling, Sharon L; Rowton, Edgar D; Blount, Keith; Ploch, John; Hopkins, Grady; Raymond, Jo-Lynne W; O'Guinn, Monica L; Lee, John S; Weina, Peter J

    2006-07-01

    One of the most significant modern day efforts to prevent and control an arthropod-borne disease during a military deployment occurred when a team of U.S. military entomologists led efforts to characterize, prevent, and control leishmaniasis at Tallil Air Base (TAB), Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Soon after arriving at TAB on 22 March 2003, military entomologists determined that 1) high numbers of sand flies were present at TAB, 2) individual soldiers were receiving many sand fly bites in a single night, and 3) Leishmania parasites were present in 1.5% of the female sand flies as determined using a real-time (fluorogenic) Leishmania-generic polymerase chain reaction assay. The rapid determination that leishmaniasis was a specific threat in this area allowed for the establishment of a comprehensive Leishmaniasis Control Program (LCP) over 5 mo before the first case of leishmaniasis was confirmed in a U.S. soldier deployed to Iraq. The LCP had four components: 1) risk assessment, 2) enhancement of use of personal protective measures by all personnel at TAB, 3) vector and reservoir control, and 4) education of military personnel about sand flies and leishmaniasis. The establishment of the LCP at TAB before the onset of any human disease conclusively demonstrated that entomologists can play a critical role during military deployments.

  5. A pilot study to evaluate the utility of live training (LIVEX) in the operational preparedness of UK military trauma teams.

    PubMed

    Smith, J E; Withnall, R D J; Rickard, R F; Lamb, D; Sitch, A; Hodgetts, T J

    2016-12-01

    With the end of UK military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is essential that peacetime training of Defence Medical Services (DMS) trauma teams ensures appropriate future preparedness. A new model of pre-deployment training involves placement of formed military trauma teams into civilian trauma centres. This study evaluates the benefit of 'live training during an exercise period' (LIVEX) for DMS trauma teams. A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey of participants was conducted. Quantitative data were collected prior to the start and on the final day. Written reports were collected from the coordinators. Thematic analysis was used to identify emergent themes in a supplementary, qualitative analysis. Each team comprised 13 personnel and results should be interpreted with knowledge of this small sample size. The response rate for both the pre-LIVEX and post-LIVEX questionnaire was 100%. By the end of the week, 89% of participants (n=23) stated LIVEX was an 'appropriate or very appropriate' way of preparing for an operational role compared with 40% (n=9) before the exercise (p<0.01). However, completing LIVEX made no difference to participants' personal perception of their own operational preparedness. Thematic analysis suggested greater training benefit for more junior members of the team; from Regulars and Reservists training together; and from two-way exchange of information between DMS and National Health Service medical staffs. Completing LIVEX made no statistically significant difference to participants' personal perception of their own operational preparedness, but the perception of LIVEX as an appropriate training platform improved significantly after conducting the training exercise. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  6. Shared meanings for military nurse veterans: follow up survey of nurse veterans from WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and Operation Desert Storm.

    PubMed

    Stanton-Bandiero, M P

    1998-01-01

    This study is an extension of a qualitative study involving military nurses in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and Operation Desert Storm. Common themes and shared meanings identified in the previous qualitative study were investigated using a broad sample of military nurses who had served at various times and different branches of the service. The present investigation used a survey to gather data, and results tended to validate results of the earlier study that the experiences of military nurses in times of war tend to transcend many factors including time and branch of service.

  7. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    PubMed Central

    Margolis, Lee M.; Crombie, Aaron P.; McClung, Holly L.; McGraw, Susan M.; Rood, Jennifer C.; Montain, Scott J.; Young, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15) and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16) volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg) remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1), these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier. PMID:24824290

  8. State of innovation in suicide intervention research with military populations.

    PubMed

    Conner, Kenneth R; Simons, Kelsey

    2015-06-01

    A systematic search was performed to identify active, externally funded randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that target suicidal ideation or behavior as a primary or secondary outcome among U.S. military service members, guard-reservists, and veterans. Twenty-three studies were identified, most funded by the U.S. Department of Defense or U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Several innovations were identified based on departures from or modernizations of usual practices and included the targeting of suicide deaths or attempts as primary outcome, delivery of interventions through technology and/or outside clinical settings, and examinations of rarely studied treatments.

  9. Prevalence of environmental and other military exposure concerns in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans.

    PubMed

    Quigley, Karen S; McAndrew, Lisa M; Almeida, Liliana; D'Andrea, Elizabeth A; Engel, Charles C; Hamtil, Heather; Ackerman, Adam J

    2012-06-01

    This study examined the prevalence of self-reported exposures in returning Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans and the relationship of exposure reports to current physical symptoms. Using self-reports obtained immediately after return from deployment in a cohort of 760 enlisted Army reserve component military personnel, we assessed prevalence rates of environmental and other exposures and the association of these exposures to severity of physical symptoms. Reporting of environmental exposures was relatively low in veterans of OEF/OIF, but reporting more environmental and other exposures, in particular screening positive for a traumatic brain injury, was related to greater physical symptom severity immediately after deployment. Non-treatment-seeking, enlisted Army reserve component personnel reported relatively few exposures immediately after return from deployment; however, more exposures was modestly associated with greater severity of physical symptoms when controlling for predeployment symptoms, gender, and other deployment-related exposures.

  10. Normative Data for the NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test in US Military Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Pletcher, Erin R; Williams, Valerie J; Abt, John P; Morgan, Paul M; Parr, Jeffrey J; Wohleber, Meleesa F; Lovalekar, Mita; Sell, Timothy C

    2017-02-01

    Postural stability is the ability to control the center of mass in relation to a person's base of support and can be affected by both musculoskeletal injury and traumatic brain injury. The NeuroCom Sensory Organization Test (SOT) can be used to objectively quantify impairments to postural stability. The ability of postural stability to predict injury and be used as an acute injury-evaluation tool makes it essential to the screening and rehabilitation process. To our knowledge, no published normative data for the SOT from a healthy, highly active population are available for use as a reference for clinical decision making. To present a normative database of SOT scores from a US Military Special Operations population that can be used for future comparison. Cross-sectional study. Human performance research laboratory. A total of 542 active military operators from Naval Special Warfare Combatant-Craft Crewmen (n = 149), Naval Special Warfare Command, Sea, Air, and Land (n = 101), US Army Special Operations Command (n = 171), and Air Force Special Operations Command (n = 121). Participants performed each of the 6 SOT conditions 3 times. Scores for each condition, total equilibrium composite score, and ratio scores for the somatosensory, visual, and vestibular systems were recorded. Differences were present across all groups for SOT conditions 1 (P < .001), 2 (P = .001), 4 (P > .001), 5 (P > .001), and 6 (P = .001) and total equilibrium composite (P = .000), visual (P > .001), vestibular (P = .002), and preference (P > .001) NeuroCom scores. Statistical differences were evident in the distribution of postural stability across US Special Operations Forces personnel. This normative database for postural stability, as assessed by the NeuroCom SOT, can provide context when clinicians assess a Special Operations Forces population or any other groups that maintain a high level of conditioning and training.

  11. Affine coherent states and Toeplitz operators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hutníková, Mária; Hutník, Ondrej

    2012-06-01

    We study a parameterized family of Toeplitz operators in the context of affine coherent states based on the Calderón reproducing formula (= resolution of unity on L_2( {R})) and the specific admissible wavelets (= affine coherent states in L_2( {R})) related to Laguerre functions. Symbols of such Calderón-Toeplitz operators as individual coordinates of the affine group (= upper half-plane with the hyperbolic geometry) are considered. In this case, a certain class of pseudo-differential operators, their properties and their operator algebras are investigated. As a result of this study, the Fredholm symbol algebras of the Calderón-Toeplitz operator algebras for these particular cases of symbols are described. This article is part of a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical devoted to ‘Coherent states: mathematical and physical aspects’.

  12. Operative and Nonoperative Management of Achilles Tendon Ruptures in Active Duty Military Population.

    PubMed

    Renninger, Christopher H; Kuhn, Kevin; Fellars, Todd; Youngblood, Scot; Bellamy, Joseph

    2016-03-01

    The optimal management of Achilles tendon ruptures continues to be a subject of debate in orthopedics. These injuries are common in the active duty military population. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare the results of operative and nonoperative management of Achilles tendon ruptures in the active duty military population following the publication of a landmark level I study that has influenced practice patterns. All Achilles tendon injuries in active duty patients were identified at a single military institution from January 1, 2011, to January 1, 2014. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied and charts were reviewed. Demographic and treatment information were recorded along with return to duty status, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), rerupture, and other complication data. Rates of DVT, rerupture, other complications, and return to duty (including time to return) were then compared. Demographic data were described. Fifty-seven male patients met inclusion criteria with an average age of 31 years. There were 27 in the operative group and 30 in the nonoperative group. There were no significant differences in group demographics. There were no DVTs in either treatment group. There were no wound complications in the operative group. There were no significant differences in the rates of rerupture, return to duty, or other complications. There were 2 reruptures in the nonoperative group. Both were treated nonoperatively. There was one rerupture in the operative group that was treated nonoperatively. All reruptures were partial tears. Two patients underwent repair with flexor hallucis longus augmentation. Both of these patients were initially managed nonoperatively. When available data on time to return to duty was analyzed, patients who underwent operative management returned to duty on average approximately one and a half months earlier (6.7 vs 8.2 months) than nonoperative patients (P = .04). In 2011, 12% of injuries were treated nonoperatively

  13. Stabilization Operations Through Military Capacity Building-Integration Between Danish Conventional Forces and Special Operations Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-01

    N.Y: Frank Cass Publishers, 1998), 82–83. 146 Adams, US. Special Operations Forces in Action, 84–85. 147 Krepinevich Jr., The Army and Vietnam, 69...liaison teams, which were considered an important factor in the development of the Afghan National Army ( ANA ). Operational mentoring and liaison...Chief of Defence. Adams, Thomas K. U.S. Special Operations Forces in Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare. New York: Frank Cass Publishers

  14. Performance assessments of Android-powered military applications operating on tactical handheld devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig

    2013-05-01

    Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.

  15. 48 CFR 225.770 - Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. 225.770 Section 225... of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. This section...

  16. 48 CFR 225.770 - Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. 225.770 Section 225... of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. This section...

  17. 48 CFR 225.770 - Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. 225.770 Section 225... of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. This section...

  18. 48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items From Communist Chinese Military Companies (SEP 2006) (a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military Companies. 252.225-7007 Section...

  19. 48 CFR 225.770 - Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. 225.770 Section 225... of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. This section...

  20. Suicide Among Military Personnel and Veterans Aged 18-35 Years by County-16 States.

    PubMed

    Logan, Joseph E; Fowler, Katherine A; Patel, Nimeshkumar P; Holland, Kristin M

    2016-11-01

    Suicide among military personnel and young Veterans remains a health concern. This study examined stateside distribution of suicides by U.S. county to help focus prevention efforts. Using 2005-2012 National Violent Death Reporting System data from 16 states (963 counties, or county-equivalent entities), this study mapped the county-level distribution of suicides among current military and Veteran decedents aged 18-35 years. This study also compared incident circumstances of death between decedents in high-density counties (i.e., counties with the highest proportion of deaths) versus those in medium/low-density counties to better understand the precipitators of suicide in counties most affected. Last, this study identified potential military and Veteran Health Administration intervention sites. All analyses were conducted in 2015. Within the National Violent Death Reporting System participating states, an estimated 262 (33%) current military suicides occurred in just ten (1.0%) counties, and 391 (33%) Veteran suicides occurred in 33 (3.4%) counties. Mental health and intimate partner problems were common precipitating circumstances, and some circumstances differed between cases in high- versus those in medium/low-density counties. Multiple potential intervention sites were identified in high-density counties. These findings suggest that military and Veteran suicides are concentrated in a small number of counties. Increased efforts at these locales might be beneficial. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  1. A review of 10 years of scapula injuries sustained by UK military personnel on operations.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Darren C; Power, D M; Stapley, S A

    2017-09-11

    Scapula fractures are relatively uncommon injuries, mostly occurring due to the effects of high-energy trauma. Rates of scapula fractures are unknown in the military setting. The aim of this study is to analyse the incidence, aetiology, associated injuries, treatment and complications of these fractures occurring in deployed military personnel. All UK military personnel returning with upper limb injuries from Afghanistan and Iraq were retrospectively reviewed using the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine database and case notes (2004-2014). Forty-four scapula fractures out of 572 upper limb fractures (7.7%) were sustained over 10 years. Blast and gunshot wounds (GSW) were leading causative factors in 85%. Over half were open fractures (54%), with open blast fractures often having significant bone and soft tissue loss requiring extensive reconstruction. Multiple injuries were noted including lung, head, vascular and nerve injuries. Injury Severity Scores (ISS) were significantly higher than the average upper limb injury without a scapula fracture (p<0.0001). Brachial plexus injuries occurred in 17%. While military personnel with GSW have a favourable chance of nerve recovery, 75% of brachial plexus injuries that are associated with blast have poorer outcomes. Fixation occurred with either glenoid fractures or floating shoulders (10%); these were as a result of high velocity GSW or mounted blast ejections. There were no cases of deep soft tissue infection or osteomyelitis and all scapula fractures united. Scapula fractures have a 20 times higher incidence in military personnel compared with the civilian population, occurring predominantly as a result of blast and GSW, and a higher than average ISS. These fractures are often associated with multiple injuries, including brachial plexus injuries, where those sustained from blast have less favourable outcome. High rates of union following fixation and low rates of infection are expected despite significant contamination

  2. 14 CFR 249.21 - Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. 249.21 Section 249.21 Aeronautics and Space... of an authorized representative of the DOT. (a) All receipts and statements of travel agents and...

  3. Equivalent multipole operators for degenerate Rydberg states

    SciTech Connect

    Ostrovsky, V. N.; Vrinceanu, D.; Flannery, M. R.

    2006-08-15

    As shown by Pauli, [Z. Phys. 36, 336 (1926)], the electric dipole operator r can be replaced by the Runge-Lenz vector A when operating within the n{sup 2} degenerate manifold of hydrogenic states of principal quantum number n. We seek to develop similar rules for higher multipole operators by expressing equivalent operators in terms only of the two vector constants of motion - the orbital angular momentum L and the Runge-Lenz vector A - appropriate to the degenerate hydrogenic shell. Equivalence of two operators means here that they yield identical matrix elements within a subspace of Hilbert space that corresponds to fixed n. Such equivalent-operator techniques permit direct algebraic calculation of perturbations of Rydberg atoms by external fields and often exact analytical results for transition probabilities. Explicit expressions for equivalent quadrupole and octupole operators are derived, examples are provided, and general aspects of the problem are discussed.

  4. Operational impact of tongue piercing on French military pilots during overseas deployments: a case report.

    PubMed

    Gunepin, Mathieu; Derache, Florence; Audoual, Thomas

    2010-10-01

    Piercing in general and particularly tongue piercing is gaining popularity in the Western world. The French army and so the French air force are concerned by this phenomenon. A case report of a pilot suffering from dental pain with operational consequences due to a dental fracture during Operation Trident (Kosovo) is presented. The dental examination highlighted the fact that the dental fracture was directly due to the presence of a tongue piercing. Tongue piercing and wearing tongue jewelry have numerous adverse effects, especially frequent dental complications. If these complications do not result in death, they can generate sufficient pain to disturb the vigilance and concentration of pilots and can have a major impact on flight security. For these reasons, tongue piercing is in total contradiction to a professional army and particularly to military pilots and aircrews.

  5. Families overcoming under stress: implementing family-centered prevention for military families facing wartime deployments and combat operational stress.

    PubMed

    Lester, Patricia; Mogil, Catherine; Saltzman, William; Woodward, Kirsten; Nash, William; Leskin, Gregory; Bursch, Brenda; Green, Sara; Pynoos, Robert; Beardslee, William

    2011-01-01

    The toll of multiple and prolonged deployments on families has become clearer in recent years as military families have seen an increase in childhood anxiety, parental psychological distress, and marital discord. Families overcoming under stress (FOCUS), a family-centered evidence-informed resiliency training program developed at University of California, Los Angeles and Harvard Medical School, is being implemented at military installations through an initiative from Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The research foundation for FOCUS includes evidence-based preventive interventions that were adapted to meet the specific needs of military families facing combat operational stress associated with wartime deployments. Using a family narrative approach, FOCUS includes a customized approach utilizing core intervention components, including psychoeducation, emotional regulation skills, goal setting and problem solving skills, traumatic stress reminder management techniques, and family communication skills. The purpose of this study is to describe the development and implementation of FOCUS for military families. A case example is also presented.

  6. Peace-Enforcement and the United States Military for the Start of the 21st Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-19

    1992/1993): 93-94. 57.. National Military Strateny of the United States, (January 1992) 56 6. 58. See William J. Wansley , American Art: Toward an...1989. Perry, Emmett E. Jr., Major. Peacemaking: Implications For The US Army . Fort Leavenworth, Combined Arms Library, Second Term AY 91-92. Wansley

  7. Korean Higher Education under the United States Military Government: 1945-1948

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine Korean higher education under the United States Military Government (1945-1948). In order to review this study, the author uses a descriptive analysis methodology. In addition, to research the study systematically, this paper first of all outlines the historic and political context of post-World War II in…

  8. 75 FR 7571 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and 41 CFR 102-3.150, the Department...

  9. The Sociology Program in a Professional School Setting: The United States Military Academy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segal, Mady Wechsler; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Contends that new sociology programs are more likely to be established in professional schools than in liberal arts curricula. Argues that the experience of the United States Military Academy, where a full sociology major was established in the context of a professional curriculum, provides lessons in how such development might take place.…

  10. All Male State-Funded Military Academies: Anachronism or Necessary Anomaly?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Charles J.; Scollay, Susan J.

    1993-01-01

    The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth District, although stopping short of ordering the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) to admit women, ordered VMI to implement a program which comports with the requirements of equal protection. Offers an analysis of the Fourth Circuit's ruling, a discussion of important educational questions, and a…

  11. Developing Leaders of Character at the United States Military Academy: A Relational Developmental Systems Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callina, Kristina Schmid; Ryan, Diane; Murray, Elise D.; Colby, Anne; Damon, William; Matthews, Michael; Lerner, Richard M.

    2017-01-01

    A paucity of literature exists on the processes of character development within diverse contexts. In this article, the authors use the United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA) as a sample case for understanding character development processes within an institution of higher education. The authors present a discussion of relational…

  12. Extraordinary Stability and Ordinary Predictability of Academic Success at the United States Military Academy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Richard P.; McCauley, Clark

    1987-01-01

    Compared with data from civilian institutions, data from two graduating classes at the United States Military Academy showed extrordinary stability of independently calculated grade point averages from freshman to senior years and no decline in the validity of Scholastic Aptitude Tests and high school class rank as predictors of these GPAs over…

  13. 76 FR 60816 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: Under the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act...: Ms. Joy A. Pasquazi, (845) 938-5078, Joy.Pasquazi@us.army.mil . ] SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  14. 78 FR 13030 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: Under the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act... Designated Federal Officer or Point of Contact: Ms. Deadra Ghostlaw, (845) 938-4200,...

  15. Developing Leaders of Character at the United States Military Academy: A Relational Developmental Systems Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callina, Kristina Schmid; Ryan, Diane; Murray, Elise D.; Colby, Anne; Damon, William; Matthews, Michael; Lerner, Richard M.

    2017-01-01

    A paucity of literature exists on the processes of character development within diverse contexts. In this article, the authors use the United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA) as a sample case for understanding character development processes within an institution of higher education. The authors present a discussion of relational…

  16. 78 FR 32241 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA); Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... Committee: United States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date: Wednesday, June 19, 2013. 3. Time: 2 p... CFR 102-3.140 through 102-3.165 and the availability of space, this meeting is open to the public... than five working days prior to the next meeting in order to provide time for member consideration. By...

  17. Construction of Military Facilities in Afghanistan: Is the United States Utilizing the Best Course of Action?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-02

    history, the late Dr. Louis Dupree, stated in reference to the 1946 Helmand Valley Project: "Given the ingredients of the non-literate, peasant-tribal...small, inefficient coke stove for wrumth?2 P. Jors 8 In early 1941, the US Military developed the Quonset Hut whose semi-cylindrical form was copied

  18. Military, University, and Police Agency Command and Staff Colleges in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Richard H.

    2017-01-01

    This article discusses three models of command and staff colleges (CSC). Five university models, five United States Military models, and one police agency model are discussed. The 11 CSCs provide leadership development in various training and education programs all leading to the increased capabilities of leaders and potential leaders for public…

  19. Authentic Science in Education: Studies in Course-Based Research at the United States Military Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, Anthony M.

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation consists of two studies at the United States Military Academy. Both studies involve the use of Course-based Undergraduate Research Experiences (CUREs). These experiences give students the ability to engage in undergraduate research at an early point in their academic career by replacing traditional laboratory activities with…

  20. Cigarette Smoking and Sociodemographic, Military, and Health Characteristics of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans

    PubMed Central

    Hamlett-Berry, Kim; Barth, Shannon K.; Christofferson, Dana E.; Davey, Victoria J.; Eber, Stephanie; Schneiderman, Aaron I.; Bossarte, Robert M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: We examined the sociodemographic, military, and health characteristics of current cigarette smokers, former smokers, and nonsmokers among Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) / Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans and estimated smoking prevalence to better understand cigarette use in this population. Methods: We analyzed data from the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) 2009-2011 National Health Study for a New Generation of US Veterans. On the basis of a stratified random sample of 60 000 OEF/OIF veterans, we sought responses to a 72-item questionnaire via mail, telephone, or Internet. Cigarette smoking status was based on self-reported cigarette use in the past year. We used multinomial logistic regression to evaluate associations between smoking status and sociodemographic, military, and health characteristics. Results: Among 19 911 veterans who provided information on cigarette smoking, 5581 were current smokers (weighted percentage: 32.5%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 31.7-33.2). Current smokers were more likely than nonsmokers or former smokers to be younger, to have less education or income, to be separated/divorced or never married/single, and to have served on active duty or in the army. Comparing current smokers and nonsmokers, some significant associations from adjusted analyses included the following: having a Mental Component Summary score (a measure of overall mental health) above the mean of the US population relative to below the mean (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.73-0.90); having physician-diagnosed depression (aOR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.33-1.74), respiratory conditions (aOR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.04-1.30), or repeated seizures/blackouts/convulsions (aOR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.22-2.67); heavy alcohol use vs never use (aOR = 5.49, 95% CI: 4.57-6.59); a poor vs excellent perception of overall health (aOR = 3.79, 95% CI: 2.60-5.52); and being deployed vs nondeployed (aOR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.78-0.96). Using health care services from the VA

  1. An evaluation of the completeness and accuracy of active tuberculosis reporting in the United States military.

    PubMed

    Mancuso, J D; Tobler, S K; Eick, A A; Olsen, C H

    2010-10-01

    Despite the low incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States military, there is uncertainty in the overall reporting and estimates of incidence. To assess TB reporting in the active component US military. TB notification in the US military was compared with three other data sources: laboratory, hospitalization and pharmacy records. Sensitivity and positive predictive value were estimated for all data sources using a gold standard of either a reportable medical event (RME) reported as confirmed or a positive laboratory result for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Uncorrected and capture-recapture (CR) methods were used to estimate underreporting and completeness of data sources. Completeness of reporting of pulmonary TB cases was estimated as 72.4% uncorrected or 58.3% with CR. Even after correction for possible underreporting, the incidence of active pulmonary TB was only 0.87 per 100,000 person-years between 2004 and 2006. The rate of active TB in the US military is low. Like civilian surveillance, US military RME surveillance may substantially underreport TB incidence rates. Expanding surveillance to include data sources such as hospitalizations and pharmacy records will increase the number of TB diagnoses at the cost of including many false-positives.

  2. Demystifying the "Victimized State": A Civil-Military Crisis in Waiting?

    PubMed

    McGarry, Ross

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to illustrate prescient issues relating to current and ex-military communities in the United Kingdom who have featured heavily within the policy arena over the past decade in relation to several key areas of importance. It will be illustrated how this population becomes visible within the public imagination (via military losses), how discourses relating to the harms they experience are structured and articulated within political and policy domains (particularly in relation to mental health) via "state talk" (qua Sim), and what the potential social consequences are for politically rendering an unproblematized populist view of current and ex-military communities (i.e., pending crises). This argument is made with the express intention of reengaging critical recognition of the distancing of the military institution from the physical and psychological vulnerability of those who have participated in war and military environments. This is an argument returned to pertinence from the recent publication of the Chilcot Inquiry into British involvement in the Iraq war.

  3. Problems with veteran-family communication during operation enduring freedom/operation Iraqi freedom military deployment.

    PubMed

    Hinojosa, Ramon; Hinojosa, Melanie Sberna; Högnäs, Robin S

    2012-02-01

    Twenty Reserve component (Army and Marines) and Army National Guard male veterans of Operational Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom discuss their deployment and postdeployment family reintegration experiences. A Grounded Theory approach is used to highlight some of the ways in which family miscommunication during deployment can occur. Communication with civilian family members is affected by the needs of operational security, technical problems with communication tools, miscommunication between family members, or because veterans have "nothing new to say" to family back home. These communication difficulties may lead to an initial gulf of understanding between veterans and family members that can cause family strain during postdeployment family reintegration. We end with a discussion of veteran family reintegration difficulties.

  4. The National Military Strategy of the United States of America: Redefining America’s Military Leadership

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-08

    Vinson (CVN 70) leads the Royal Malaysian Navy frigate KD Lekir (FF 26) and corvette KD Kelantan (FFL 175) and the Ticonderoga-class guided-missile...with safeguarding our economic and security interests worldwide. We must thoughtfully address cultural and sovereignty concerns in host countries...linguistic and cultural skills of all Americans. We will develop leaders who are capable of operating in interagency and multi- national environments

  5. Operative splenectomy for treatment of homozygous thalassemia major in Afghan children at a US military hospital.

    PubMed

    Bolt, Jason D; Schoneboom, Bruce A

    2010-04-01

    Afghanistan is a war-ravaged country surrounded by mountainous terrain. Due to the geography and harsh living conditions, people have intermarried among tribes for centuries. The right familial combinations can cause manifestations of genetic linked diseases. Thalassemia major is one of these genetic diseases that are prevalent throughout southwest Asia and Africa. This condition is so severe that if left untreated, many patients die before their fifth birthday. Modern treatments in developed countries are not available in remote regions of Afghanistan. Frequent blood transfusions and surgical removal of enlarged spleens are the only options to improve life expectancy and quality of life. US military surgical hospitals and teams frequently encountered these patients and provided surgical treatment. Overall, surgical treatment of hypersplenism due to thalassemia major in this austere environment was highly successful. This article discusses the preoperative plan, intraoperative management, and postoperative care provided to 45 infants and children who underwent open splenectomy at a US military forward operating field hospital in Afghanistan.

  6. Heat strain during military training activities: The dilemma of balancing force protection and operational capability.

    PubMed

    Hunt, Andrew P; Billing, Daniel C; Patterson, Mark J; Caldwell, Joanne N

    2016-01-01

    Military activities in hot environments pose 2 competing demands: the requirement to perform realistic training to develop operational capability with the necessity to protect armed forces personnel against heat-related illness. To ascertain whether work duration limits for protection against heat-related illness restrict military activities, this study examined the heat strain and risks of heat-related illness when conducting a military activity above the prescribed work duration limits. Thirty-seven soldiers conducted a march (10 km; ∼5.5 km h(-1)) carrying 41.8 ± 3.6 kg of equipment in 23.1 ± 1.8°C wet-bulb globe temperature. Body core temperature was recorded throughout and upon completion, or withdrawal, participants rated their severity of heat-related symptoms. Twenty-three soldiers completed the march in 107 ± 6.4 min (Completers); 9 were symptomatic for heat exhaustion, withdrawing after 71.6 ± 10.1 min (Symptomatic); and five were removed for body core temperature above 39.0°C (Hyperthermic) after 58.4 ± 4.5 min. Body core temperature was significantly higher in the Hyperthermic (39.03 ± 0.26°C), than Symptomatic (38.34 ± 0.44°C; P = 0.007) and Completers (37.94 ± 0.37°C; P<0.001) after 50 min. Heat-related symptom severity was significantly higher among Symptomatic (28.4 ± 11.8) compared to Completers (15.0 ± 9.8, P = 0.006) and Hyperthermic (13.0 ± 9.6, P = 0.029). The force protection provided by work duration limits may be preventing the majority of personnel from conducting activities in hot environments, thereby constraining a commander's mandate to develop an optimised military force. The dissociation between heat-related symptoms and body core temperature elevation suggests that the physiological mechanisms underpinning exhaustion during exertional heat stress should be re-examined to determine the most appropriate physiological criteria for prescribing work duration limits.

  7. Secure Multi-party Computation Protocol for Defense Applications in Military Operations Using Virtual Cryptography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pathak, Rohit; Joshi, Satyadhar

    With the advent into the 20th century whole world has been facing the common dilemma of Terrorism. The suicide attacks on US twin towers 11 Sept. 2001, Train bombings in Madrid Spain 11 Mar. 2004, London bombings 7 Jul. 2005 and Mumbai attack 26 Nov. 2008 were some of the most disturbing, destructive and evil acts by terrorists in the last decade which has clearly shown their evil intent that they can go to any extent to accomplish their goals. Many terrorist organizations such as al Quaida, Harakat ul-Mujahidin, Hezbollah, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba, etc. are carrying out training camps and terrorist operations which are accompanied with latest technology and high tech arsenal. To counter such terrorism our military is in need of advanced defense technology. One of the major issues of concern is secure communication. It has to be made sure that communication between different military forces is secure so that critical information is not leaked to the adversary. Military forces need secure communication to shield their confidential data from terrorist forces. Leakage of concerned data can prove hazardous, thus preservation and security is of prime importance. There may be a need to perform computations that require data from many military forces, but in some cases the associated forces would not want to reveal their data to other forces. In such situations Secure Multi-party Computations find their application. In this paper, we propose a new highly scalable Secure Multi-party Computation (SMC) protocol and algorithm for Defense applications which can be used to perform computation on encrypted data. Every party encrypts their data in accordance with a particular scheme. This encrypted data is distributed among some created virtual parties. These Virtual parties send their data to the TTP through an Anonymizer layer. TTP performs computation on encrypted data and announces the result. As the data sent was encrypted its actual value can’t be known by TTP

  8. United States Military Space: Into the Twenty-First Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-01-01

    Hughes Network Systems Spaceway wireless broadband (Ka-band) system is scheduled to begin operation over North America in 2002 using two Boeing 702 GEO...Gbps. The Hughes Network Systems Spaceway wireless broadband (Ka-band) system is scheduled to begin operation over North America in 2002 using two

  9. Proliferation of Russian Military Equipment: Implications for United States Air and Space Power

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-04-01

    Russia. Russian President Putin’s special envoy, Dmitry Rogozin , recently visited the Kaliningrad region to analyze the state of the Baltic Fleet.9...http://wnc.fedworld.gov/cgi-bin. 9 Natalya Gudzenko and Vladimir Nuyakshev, “ Rogozin to Examine the State of the Baltic Fleet,” Information...access the medium ocean zone” — Konstantin Makienko, Russian Military Analyst If there is a pattern that emerges with Russia, it is that Moscow

  10. Scalar operators in solid-state NMR

    SciTech Connect

    Sun, Boqin

    1991-11-01

    Selectivity and resolution of solid-state NMR spectra are determined by dispersion of local magnetic fields originating from relaxation effects and orientation-dependent resonant frequencies of spin nuclei. Theoretically, the orientation-dependent resonant frequencies can be represented by a set of irreducible tensors. Among these tensors, only zero rank tensors (scalar operators) are capable of providing high resolution NMR spectra. This thesis presents a series of new developments in high resolution solid-state NMR concerning the reconstruction of various scalar operators motion in solid C{sub 60} is analyzed.

  11. Army Support of Military Cyberspace Operations: Joint Contexts and Global Escalation Implications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    Alexander as well as its cur- rent operations led by Admiral Michael Rog- ers. Also, it assesses the command’s mission to direct operations, defend...of the command under the leadership of General Keith Alexander as well as its current operations led by Admiral Michael Rogers. Also, it assesses...dissemination, Lieutenant Gen- eral Keith Alexander (Director, NSA and command- er, JFCC-NW) summed up the state of cyberspace operations in a 2007

  12. The Impact of Political-Military Relations on the Use of German Military Power during Operation Barbarossa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    Military Writings, trans. and ed. Robert T. Foley (London, England: Frank Cass Publishers 2003), 188. 22In March 1920 Colonel Bauer and Wolfgang Kapp...and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg, FL: Hailer Publishing, 2006), 14. 5Matthew Cooper, The German Army...War, 1941-45 (New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1971), 40. 7Earl Ziemke and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg

  13. Hurricane Relief Operations in the Caribbean: Is the Use of the Military in Hurricane Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Caribbean hurricanes are a type of tropical cyclone . They originate in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa and affect the Caribbean and 2 the...that will prove to be more suitable in disaster relief situations. Matthew Yarrow also shares Dynes’ view. He believes that soldiers are ill-suited... Haiti operations, in part due to the battalion commander’s lack of authority over troops from different countries. However, the performance of the

  14. Fatigue and stimulant use in military fighter aircrew during combat operations.

    PubMed

    Gore, Russell K; Webb, Timothy S; Hermes, Eric D A

    2010-08-01

    Fatigue in military aviation is a significant safety and operational problem resulting in diminished alertness and performance. Research demonstrates that stimulant medications maintain alertness and performance in sleep-deprived aircrew. However, these studies control many of the variables present during combat operations. Few studies have evaluated fatigue or the factors and effects associated with stimulant use in fighter aircrew during combat operations. The study consisted of three questionnaires administered to 29 deployed F-1 5E aircrew participants. An initial questionnaire compiled demographic and sleep behavior data. Pre- and postflight questionnaires for each sortie collected substance use, fatigue, and physical symptoms data. Regression analysis identified variables associated with in-flight stimulant use. Surveys were completed for 111 sorties averaging 7.6 h in duration. Stimulants were used on 35% of sorties an average of 2.8 h after takeoff. Stimulant use was associated with a decrease in in-flight and postflight fatigue without significant differences in postflight symptoms. Sorties airborne during the circadian trough, longer sortie durations, and preflight hypnotic use displayed statistically significant associations with in-flight stimulant use. In-flight stimulants decrease fatigue during combat operations without significant postflight symptoms. During combat, stimulants were used earlier, at lower doses, and on shorter sorties than previously thought. The factors associated with stimulant use are potentially modifiable by improving training and aircrew scheduling practices. Furthermore, current policies authorizing stimulant use, based primarily on sortie duration, should also consider hypnotic use, inconsistent aircrew scheduling, and circadian disruption.

  15. Interior noise and vibration measurements on operational military helicopters and comparisons with various ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    The results of physical measurements of the interior noise and vibration obtained within eight operational military helicopters are presented. The data were extensively analyzed and are presented in the following forms: noise and vibration spectra, overall root-mean-square acceleration levels in three linear axes, peak accelerations at dominant blade passage frequencies, acceleration exceedance data, and overall and ""A'' weighted sound pressure levels. Peak acceleration levels were compared to the ISO 1-hr reduced comfort and fatigue decreased proficiency boundaries and the NASA discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels were compared to the NASA annoyance criteria, and the overall noise spectra were compared to MIL-STD-1294 (""Acoustical Noise Limits in Helicopters''). Specific vibration components at blade passage frequencies for several aircraft exceeded both the ISO reduced comfort boundary and the NASA passenger discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels, corrected for SPH-4 helmet attenuation characteristics, exceeded the NASA annoyance threshold for several aircraft.

  16. Interior noise and vibration measurements on operational military helicopters and comparisons with various ride quality criteria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-08-01

    The results of physical measurements of the interior noise and vibration obtained within eight operational military helicopters are presented. The data were extensively analyzed and are presented in the following forms: noise and vibration spectra, overall root-mean-square acceleration levels in three linear axes, peak accelerations at dominant blade passage frequencies, acceleration exceedance data, and overall and ""A'' weighted sound pressure levels. Peak acceleration levels were compared to the ISO 1-hr reduced comfort and fatigue decreased proficiency boundaries and the NASA discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels were compared to the NASA annoyance criteria, and the overall noise spectra were compared to MIL-STD-1294 (""Acoustical Noise Limits in Helicopters''). Specific vibration components at blade passage frequencies for several aircraft exceeded both the ISO reduced comfort boundary and the NASA passenger discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels, corrected for SPH-4 helmet attenuation characteristics, exceeded the NASA annoyance threshold for several aircraft.

  17. 32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69... territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to solicit on a military...

  18. 32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69... territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to solicit on a military...

  19. 32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69... territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to solicit on a military...

  20. 32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69... territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to solicit on a military...

  1. 32 CFR 552.69 - Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Application by companies to solicit on military installations in the United States, its territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 552.69 Section 552.69... territories, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Before a company may be accredited to solicit on a military...

  2. Weapon carrying, physical fighting and gang membership among youth in Washington state military families.

    PubMed

    Reed, Sarah C; Bell, Janice F; Edwards, Todd C

    2014-10-01

    To examine associations between parental military service and school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership among youth. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades of public schools (n = 9,987). Parental military service was categorized as none (reference group), without combat zone deployment, or deployed to a combat zone. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test associations between parental military service and three outcomes: school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership. Standard errors were adjusted for the complex survey design. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting gang membership (OR = 1.8) among girls, and higher odds of physical fighting (OR = 1.6), and gang membership (OR = 1.9) among boys. In 10th/12th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting physical fighting (OR = 2.0) and gang membership (OR = 2.2) among girls, and physical fighting (OR = 2.0), carrying a weapon (OR = 2.3) among boys. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of reporting engagement in school-based physical fighting, school-based weapon carrying, and gang membership, particularly among older youth. Military, school, and public health professionals have a unique, collaborative opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to prevent violence-related behaviors among youth and, ultimately, improve the health and safety of youth in military families. Ideally, such programs would target families and youth before they enter eighth grade.

  3. The Civil Military Operations Center (CMOC) in Operation Uphold Democracy (Haiti)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    This shall henceforward be the foundation of our constitution. —Jean–Jacques Dessalines Former Slave and Haiti’s Founding Father Haiti’s 193–year...agricultural infrastructure. Distrustful of the French, Haiti’s rebel leader and first President, General Jean–Jacques Dessalines , brought about an end to...President Dessalines was assassinated in 1806. Thus began a long trend of violent deaths for Haitian leaders. In fact, of Haiti’s 36 heads of state up

  4. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-02

    information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 02 JUL 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010...Global Food Security Fund by $258.4 million, and the International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Programs (INCLE) by $706.0 million...Health & Child Survival; International Narcotics Control & Law Enforcement; and Foreign Military Financing. State, Foreign Operations, and Related

  5. Steady-state inductive spheromak operation

    DOEpatents

    Janos, Alan C.; Jardin, Stephen C.; Yamada, Masaaki

    1987-01-01

    The inductively formed spheromak plasma can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. Steady-state operation is obtained by forming the plasma in the linked mode, then oscillating the poloidal and toroidal fields such that they have different phases. Preferably, the poloidal and magnetic fields are 90.degree. out of phase.

  6. Steady-state inductive spheromak operation

    DOEpatents

    Janos, A.C.; Jardin, S.C.; Yamada, M.

    1985-02-20

    The inductively formed spheromak configuration (S-1) can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. The method described eliminates the restriction to pulsed spheromak plasmas or the use of electrodes for steady-state operation, and, therefore, is a reactor-relevant formation and sustainment method.

  7. A New Approach for Measuring the Operational Value of Intelligence for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    Wilson Armo Cenmer IMIg QUALIT £NSPECTDB 94-24005/6 I WI 4 . 28’蓝 The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army...conditions are not met, then the code assumes an "else" statement, and checks the next row for its conditions to be satis- fied . Note that in the second...plan also provides a single, central place from which all command decisions originate and are laid out roughly in chrono - logical order for conceptual

  8. Safeguarding the Internal Security of the United States - Old Mission, New Challenges for the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-19

    forces into South Carolina for disaster reliet operations. Upon a Presidential declaration of a major disaster in several counties in South Carolina...Specifically, It was the task of Captain Meriwether Lewis, Lieutenant William Clark, four sergeants, twenty-three privates, and several guides and...domest. sorder without using military force. If armed power bt ne necessary, it would be applied at the local level by llce, at the county level by

  9. Mental health among a nationally representative sample of United States Military Reserve Component Personnel.

    PubMed

    Russell, Dale W; Cohen, Gregory H; Gifford, Robert; Fullerton, Carol S; Ursano, Robert J; Galea, Sandro

    2015-04-01

    Estimate prevalence of lifetime, current year, and current month depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among US military reservists. Structured interviews were performed with a nationally representative military reserve sample (n = 2,003). Sociodemographic characteristics, military experiences, lifetime stressors, and psychiatric conditions were assessed. Depression was measured with the PHQ-9, and PTSD (deployment and non-deployment related) was assessed with the PCL-C. Depression (21.63% lifetime, 14.31% current year, and 5.99% current month) was more common than either deployment-related PTSD (5.49% lifetime, 4.98% current year, and 3.62% current month) or non-deployment-related PTSD (5.40% lifetime, 3.91% current year, and 2.32% current month), and branch-related differences were found. Non-deployment-related trauma was associated with non-deployment-related PTSD and depression in a dose-response fashion; deployment-related trauma was associated with deployment-related PTSD and depression in a dose-response fashion. The study reveals notable differences in PTSD and depression prevalence by service branch that may be attributable to a combination of factors including greater lifetime trauma exposures and differing operational military experiences. Our findings suggest that service branch and organizational differences are related to key protective and/or risk factors, which may prove useful in guiding prevention and treatment efforts among reservists.

  10. 14 CFR 119.55 - Obtaining deviation authority to perform operations under a U.S. military contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Obtaining deviation authority to perform operations under a U.S. military contract. 119.55 Section 119.55 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... certificate holder that has a contract with the U.S. Department of Defense's Air Mobility Command (AMC) must...

  11. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    tried and proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and...in Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  12. Military Review, Volume 74, Number 1. January 1994. FM 100-5 and Operations Other than War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    to a great degree, Havana province. Aguica prison in Matanzas determine the completion of Army province, Villa Marista detention center in...operations. however, is not the 68 January 1994 o MILITARY REVIEW A WWIJI Almanact~ i ~ The Landings at Anzio Major Francis A. Galgano Jr., US Army

  13. Emergence of solid state helmet-mounted displays in military applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casey, Curtis J.

    2002-08-01

    Helmet Mounted Displays (HMDs) are used to provide pilots with out-the-window capabilities for engaging tactical threats. The first modern system to be employed was the Apache Integrated Helmet Display Sighting System (IHADSS). Using an optical tracker and multiple sensors, the pilot is able to navigate and engage the enemy with his weapons systems cued by the HMD in day and night conditions. Over the next several years HMDs were tested on tactical jet aircraft. The tactical fighter environment - high G maneuvering and the possibility of ejection - created several problems regarding integration and head-borne weight. However, these problems were soon solved by American, British, Israeli, and Russian companies and are employed or in the process of employment aboard the respective countries' tactical aircraft. It is noteworthy that the current configuration employs both the Heads-Up Display (HUD) as well as the HMD. The new Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), however, will become the first tactical jet to employ only a HMD. HMDs have increasingly become part of the avionics and weapons systems of new aircraft and helicopter platforms. Their use however, is migrating to other military applications. They are currently under evaluation on Combat Vehicle platforms for driving tasks to target acquisition and designation tasks under near-all weather, 24-hour conditions. Their use also has penetrated the individual application such as providing data and situational awareness to the individual soldier; the U.S. Army's Land Warrior Program is an example of this technology being applied. Current HMD systems are CRT-based and have many short-comings, including weight, reliability. The emergence of new microelectronics and solid state image sources - Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) - however, has expanded the application of vision devices across all facets of military applications. Some of the greatest contributions are derived from the following Enabling Technologies, and it is upon those

  14. Trends in Meningococcal Disease in the United States Military, 1971–2010

    PubMed Central

    Faix, Dennis J.; Hansen, Christian J.; Blair, Patrick J.

    2012-01-01

    Meningococci have historically caused extensive illness among members of the United States military. Three successive meningococcal vaccine types were used from 1971 through 2010; overall disease incidence dropped by >90% during this period. During 2006–2010, disease incidence of 0.38 (cases per 100,000 person-years) among members of the US military was not significantly different from the incidence of 0.26 among the age-matched US general population. Of the 26 cases in the US military, 5 were fatal, 15 were vaccine failures (e.g., illness in a person who had been vaccinated), and 9 were caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup Y. Incidences among 17- to 19-year-old basic trainees and among US Marines were significantly higher than among comparison military populations (p<0.05). No apparent change in epidemiology of meningococcal disease was observed after replacement of quadrivalent polysaccharide vaccine with conjugate vaccine in 2007. The data demonstrate that vaccination with meningococcal vaccine is effective. PMID:22932005

  15. The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome Among Soldiers of the Military Police of Bahia State, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Filho, Romário Teixeira Braga; D'Oliveira, Argemiro

    2014-07-01

    The mortality rate of men is generally higher than that of women, irrespective of the age group. Currently, a key concern for health care professionals is the prevalence of risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of individual risk factors for cardiovascular disease as well as the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among men serving in the Military Police Corps of the state of Bahia, Brazil. This service employs mostly men, and they are known to experience high levels of occupational stress and professional victimization. We conducted a cross-sectional study among military police soldiers (n = 452) who were candidates for a military police training course in Bahia, Brazil. All candidates who attended the selection process were evaluated according to the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Panel III in order to assess the presence of medical disorders that could contribute to cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. The authors identified a high prevalence of hypertension (55.76%), hypertriglyceridemia (50.85%), waist circumference of >102 cm (31.76%), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (30.46%), and impaired fasting glucose (28.15%) in our subjects. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 38.54%. The authors suggest that measures should be taken to ensure that military policemen receive continued medical care, both in their professional capacity and in their personal circumstances, and that attention be focused on intervention programs. © The Author(s) 2013.

  16. Military westernization and state repression in the post-Cold War era.

    PubMed

    Swed, Ori; Weinreb, Alexander

    2015-09-01

    The waves of unrest that have shaken the Arab world since December 2010 have highlighted significant differences in the readiness of the military to intervene in political unrest by forcefully suppressing dissent. We suggest that in the post-Cold War period, this readiness is inversely associated with the level of military westernization, which is a product of the acquisition of arms from western countries. We identify two mechanisms linking the acquisition of arms from western countries to less repressive responses: dependence and conditionality; and a longer-term diffusion of ideologies regarding the proper form of civil-military relations. Empirical support for our hypothesis is found in an analysis of 2523 cases of government response to political unrest in 138 countries in the 1996-2005 period. We find that military westernization mitigates state repression in general, with more pronounced effects in the poorest countries. However, we also identify substantial differences between the pre- and post-9/11 periods. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  18. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  19. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  20. Can and Should the United States Preserve A Military Capability for Revolutionary Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    relentlessly into more costly intervencions . This concern ignores the fact that the United States has for many years been providing a modest level of...34 "ad" crisis management" in opposition to what was increasingly viewed as the bankrupt notion of "massive retaliation." That notion had. failed to deter...considerable capacity to learn, the military organizations responsible for assessing crisis and threat situations are burdened with long-standing

  1. China’s Military Space Program: A Threat to the United States or a Peaceful Endeavor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-15

    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY CHINA’S MILITARY SPACE PROGRAM: A THREAT TO THE UNITED STATES OR A PEACEFUL ENDEAVOR...Biography Colonel Timothy Wulff is an Army intelligence officer assigned to the Air War College , Air University, Maxwell AFB, AL...use of space. The U.S will employ a variety of measures to help assure the use of space for all responsible parties , and, consistent with the

  2. United States Security Assistance Training of Latin American Militaries: Intentions and Results.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-09-01

    Guatemalan efforts were in opposition to subversion of the Partido Guatemalteco de Trabajo (PGT), or the communist party. The PGT had received some...Training School Noncommissioned Officer Organization of American States Partido Guatemalteco de Trabajo (Guatemalan Communist Party) Peace Keeping...los Derechos Humanos en Colombia y el Papel del Gobierno y las Fuerzas Armadas para su Defensa," Military Review. (Hispanic Edition) 60-82. (April

  3. United States Military Strategy in the Persian Gulf

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-27

    the Arab world." -4- This perhaps explains the criticism of US actions against Lybia , from many of our NATO allies that are largely dependent on...condition anytime there is the threat of a major intra-regional confrontation between these states. Lybia is known to have a chemical weapons...possess nuclear weapons. Iran, Iraq, Saudia Arabia, Lybia , Syria, Israel, Egypt and South Yemen possess ballistic missiles. The proliferation of NBC

  4. A Peacetime/Wartime Framework. Soviet and Chinese Views of Military and Non-Military Factors in the Balance of Power and Their Implications for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-31

    8217Military Factors the Balance of Power and their Implications for the United States Banning N. Garrett 0 Bennie S. Glaser LJI C ~~ Palomar Corporation 1715...fuel for diesel engines, the Soviets have stored hundreds of coal-burning locomotives . pp. 125-126. The Soviets also have huge stacks of assembled

  5. A literature review of the military uses of silver-nylon dressings with emphasis on wartime operations.

    PubMed

    Barillo, David J; Pozza, Morano; Margaret-Brandt, Mary

    2014-12-01

    Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer of injured patients back to their home nation. These austere facilities are often tasked with the emergency or long-term treatment of local populations when injured or burned, further stressing the medical resupply system. Pathogens encountered in contemporary wartime practice are increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Ionic silver is bactericidal against a broad spectrum of bacteria, yeasts and fungi, has been utilized as a topical antiseptic for over 100 years, and has no known clinically-relevant resistance. Silver-nylon dressings, initially stocked in US military hospitals as a burn dressing, are now finding utility as a universal dressing for all types of combat wounds. Compared to conventional burn dressings, they are easier to transport and store, easier to use, and do not need to be changed as frequently, allowing for conservation of nursing resources. In this literature review, the recent military uses of silver-nylon dressings are examined. The stockpiling and use of silver-nylon as a universal military burn and wound dressing is advocated.

  6. 32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... UNITED STATES CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES FOR TRIAL § 884.6 Requests by Federal authorities for military... Federal authorities for trial. The officer taking custody must execute a statement in substantially the...

  7. 32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... UNITED STATES CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES FOR TRIAL § 884.6 Requests by Federal authorities for military... Federal authorities for trial. The officer taking custody must execute a statement in substantially the...

  8. Respiratory disease among military personnel in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield.

    PubMed Central

    Richards, A L; Hyams, K C; Watts, D M; Rozmajzl, P J; Woody, J N; Merrell, B R

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to determine whether respiratory disease due to crowded living conditions and high levels of suspended and blowing sand had a major adverse impact on US military personnel during Operation Desert Shield. METHODS. A questionnaire survey was administered to 2598 combat troops stationed in Northeast Saudi Arabia for a mean of 102 days. Samples of surface sand from seven different locations were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction. RESULTS. Among surveyed troops, 34.4% reported a sore throat, 43.1% complained of a cough, 15.4% complained of chronic rhinorrhea, and 1.8% were unable to perform their routine duties because of upper respiratory symptoms. Evaluation of sleeping accommodations indicated that complaints of a sore throat and cough were most closely associated with sleeping in air-conditioned buildings; in contrast, complaints of rhinorrhea were associated with exposure to the outdoor environment while living in tents. Sand samples consisted mostly of quartz, with just 0.21% by weight of respirable size (< 10 microns in diameter). CONCLUSIONS. These findings indicate that upper respiratory complaints were frequent among Operation Desert Shield troops and were related both to the troops' housing and to their exposure to the outside environment. PMID:8363011

  9. Measurement and prediction of noise from low-altitude military aircraft operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barry, Bernard F.; Payne, Richard C.; Harris, Anthony L.; Weston, Ralph J.

    1992-04-01

    In response to the rapid growth in demand for information on noise levels around military airfields in the UK, NPL developed AIRNOISE, a mathematical model for computing aircraft noise contours. Since its first applications in 1981, the model has been used to determine zones of eligibility within the MoD compensation scheme. The model has been subject to continuous development, e.g., the incorporation of Harrier V/STOL operations. We have now extended the model to include noise from high-speed, low-level operations. The model predicts not only maximum levels but the complete time-history, so that the time-onset rate can be estimated. To aid refinement and validation of the model, a special exercise has been conducted in which Tornado, Harrier, Jaguar, Hawk, F-15 and F-16 aircraft have flown straight and level at heights between about 100 and 400 feet, at various speeds and engine power settings over an array of microphones. This paper describes the trial and the results obtained. The prediction model is outlined and comparisons made between predictions and measurements.

  10. Women in the United States Military: A Contemporary Perspective.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-21

    within the * past decade and a half. TABLE I A DECADE AN A RALF a DRAMATIC CHANGES 1967 PASSAGE OF PUSLIC LAW 90-130 1972 ERA SENT BY CONCRESS TO STATES...some day not have a f emale Chief of Staf f or even a f emale Commander-in- Chief .-12 1972 . The next major event which was to have a significant...sending the daughters of America into combat, to be slaughtered or maimed by the bayonets, the bombs, the bullets, the grenades, the mines, the napalm

  11. Longitudinal Study of Sleep Patterns of United States Military Academy Cadets

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Nita Lewis; Shattuck, Lawrence G.; Matsangas, Panagiotis

    2010-01-01

    Study Objectives: The study provided an opportunity to observe sleep patterns in a college-age population attending the United States Military Academy. Design: This 4-year longitudinal study investigated sleep patterns of cadets. A stratified sample of 80 cadets had sleep patterns monitored using actigraphy for 8 months: one month in both fall and spring academic semesters over a 4-year period. Setting: Data were collected at the United States Military Academy, West Point, NY. Participants: Participants were members of the class of 2007 (n˜1300) ranging in age from 17 to 22 when entering USMA. Measurements and Results: A sample of the class (n = 80) wore wrist activity monitors and completed activity logs for one month in fall and spring academic semesters for the 4-year period. On average over the 4 years, cadets slept < 5.5 h on school nights. Cadets napped extensively, perhaps in an attempt to compensate for chronic sleep debt. Cadets slept more during fall than spring semesters. Male and female cadet sleep patterns varied dramatically, with males consistently receiving less sleep than females (˜21 m for nighttime sleep and ˜23 m for daily sleep). Conclusions: Cadet sleep at USMA is related to academic year, semester, season, sex, school day or weekend, and day of the week. These students suffer from chronic sleep debt. Restrictions imposed by the military academy limit the generalizability of the findings to other college age populations. Citation: Miller NL; Shattuck LG; Matsangas P. Longitudinal study of sleep patterns of United States Military Academy cadets. SLEEP 2010;33(12):1623-1631. PMID:21120124

  12. Tobacco Research in the Military: Reflections on 20 Years of Research in the United States Air Force.

    PubMed

    Talcott, G Wayne; Ebbert, Jon O; Klesges, Robert C; Linde, Brittany D; Seals, Robert W; Krukowski, Rebecca A; Grieser, Emily A; Oh, John Y; Martin-Zona, Denise M

    2015-08-01

    The U.S. military is one of the world's largest employers. Approximately 30% of active duty military personnel smoke cigarettes and more than 14% use smokeless tobacco. The military has historically supported tobacco use and more recently is attempting to combat its use. Through 20 years of collaborative research with the United States Air Force, we have learned that smoking bans are effective, recruits who have never previously smoked cigarettes initiate tobacco use, smokeless tobacco serves as a gateway for smoking initiation, smoking is associated with discharge, smoking adds significant proximal training costs, tobacco use increases during deployment, and tobacco quitline counseling with a provision of medication is effective. Our findings may provide groundwork for future tobacco control efforts in the U.S. military. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. Perceptions of current and recent military internal medicine residents on operational medicine, managed care, graduate medical education, and continued military service.

    PubMed

    Salerno, S; Cash, B; Cranston, M; Schoomaker, E

    1998-06-01

    Current and recent internal medicine residents were surveyed on their level of confidence in practicing operational medicine, satisfaction with graduate medical education, the impact of TRICARE, the military managed care plan, on their patients and education, and intentions on remaining in uniformed service. Their sentiments were recorded on a five-point Likert scale (1 = strongly agree, 3 = neutral, 5 = strongly disagree). Two hundred twenty-one of the 294 surveys were returned (75.2%). Most physicians felt unprepared to perform duties in a nuclear, biological, or chemical warfare environment, or handle administrative aspects of operational medicine (mean scores, 3.2-3.7). A majority of respondents felt satisfied with the quality of their residency experience (mean score, 1.9). Although more than half of those surveyed (53.6%) listed the opportunity to teach residents as a top factor influencing their retention decision, most felt skeptical that graduate medical education would remain important in the future (mean score, 3.6). Most physicians agreed that restriction of TRICARE to patients less than 65 years old may degrade the quality of military internal medicine residencies (mean score, 1.6). Previous service, Reserve Officer Training Corps experience, and graduation from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences were factors associated with increased physician intention to remain beyond their obligated service. The most common factors inducing physicians to leave the military included frequent deployments, relocations, and financial compensation. Factors cited most frequently as influencing physicians to stay on active duty included high-quality colleagues, opportunities for teaching residents, and freedom from malpractice and office management details.

  14. C2 after Contact with the Adversary: Execution of Military Operations as Dynamic Decision Making

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    1 16th ICCRTS “Collective C2 in Multinational Civil -Military Operations” C2 after Contact with the Adversary Execution of Military...France. Sterman, J. (1989), Misconceptions of feedbac in dynamic decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Proceses , 43, 301-335

  15. State institutions and social identity: National representation in soldiers' and civilians' interview talk concerning military service.

    PubMed

    Gibson, Stephen; Condor, Susan

    2009-06-01

    Theory and research deriving from social identity or self-categorization perspectives often starts out with the presumption that social actors necessarily view societal objects such as nations or states as human categories. However, recent work suggests that this may be only one of a number of forms that societal representation may take. For example, nations may be understood variously as peoples, places, or institutions. This paper presents findings from a qualitative interview study conducted in England, in which soldiers and civilians talked about nationhood in relation to military service. Analysis indicated that, in this context, speakers were often inclined to use the terms 'Britain', 'nation', and 'country' as references to a political institution as opposed to a category of people. In addition, there were systematic differences between the ways in which the two samples construed their nation in institutional terms. The civilians were inclined to treat military service as a matter of obedience to the dictates of the Government of the day. In contrast, the soldiers were more inclined to frame military service as a matter of loyalty to state as symbolically instantiated in the body of the sovereign. Implications for work adopting a social identity perspective are discussed.

  16. MILITARY OPERATIONS IN THE INFORMATION AGE: PUTTING THE COGNITIVE DOMAIN ON TOP

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-04-06

    hard power at the operational level. Messaging can be used to influence other governments, domestic and ally populations and enemy forces. To...communicated and promoted by identity networks through violence .”7 It warns that it has a “state level component, as a number of countries such as Russia...conducted with synchronization of messaging and hard power at the operational level. Messaging can be used to influence other governments, domestic

  17. Aiming for Educated Officers: Curriculum Evolution in Early Professional Military Education in the United States, 1880-1914

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-02

    to and from the battlefield, forcing a re-evaluation of deployment planning and execution of military strategy. 2 Instruction 1800.011B, Officer...positions through critical analysis of strategy and campaign planning . General/Flag Officer-level PME prepares general officers for high-level joint...Fortifications Woolsey’s International Law and Laws of War Ive’s Military Law Hamley’s Operation of War Colonel Francis (sic) J. Soady’ s The Lessons of

  18. Comparative Occupational Survey of Civilian and Military Members in the Pavements Maintenance and Construction Equipment Operator Specialties. Final Report for Period 1 October 1975-30 October 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Douglas K.

    A study was conducted to analyze and compare the job performance of civil service and military pavements maintenance workers and construction equipment operators. A military sample of 2,675 and a civilian sample of 1,974 were surveyed by means of a job inventory checklist and relative time spent rating method. Of the three job types that were…

  19. [Research Scientific Centre of Military Medicine, Military-medical Techniques and Pharmacy of State Research Scientific Institute of Military Medicine of Ministry of Defence of RF celebrates 80 years].

    PubMed

    Bukhtiiarov, I V; Varlachev, A V; Medvedev, V R

    2010-11-01

    The history of the 80-year activity of the Institute of Military Medicine, established in the Workers and Peasants, Red Army, Soviet Union. The Institute was founded in 1930 in Moscow and was originally called the Military Sanitary Institute. In a subsequent Institute repeatedly reformed, had different names, with the first years of its existence, has made and continues to contribute significantly to the development of means of medical services and other medical devices. The concrete results of operations and information about the staff are established.

  20. Ultrafine Particle Distribution and Chemical Composition Assessment during Military Operative Trainings.

    PubMed

    Campagna, Marcello; Pilia, Ilaria; Marcias, Gabriele; Frattolillo, Andrea; Pili, Sergio; Bernabei, Manuele; d'Aloja, Ernesto; Cocco, Pierluigi; Buonanno, Giorgio

    2017-05-30

    (1) Background: The assessment of airborne particulate matter (PM) and ultrafine particles (UFPs) in battlefield scenarios is a topic of particular concern; (2) Methods: Size distribution, concentration, and chemical composition of UFPs during operative military training activities (target drone launches, ammunition blasting, and inert bomb impact) were investigated using an electric low-pressure impactor (ELPI+) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM), equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS); (3) Results: The median of UFPs, measured for all sampling periods and at variable distance from sources, was between 1.02 × 10³ and 3.75 × 10³ particles/cm³ for drone launches, between 3.32 × 10³ and 15.4 × 10³ particles/cm³ for the ammunition blasting and from 7.9 × 10³ to 1.3 × 10⁴ particles/cm³ for inert launches. Maximum peak concentrations, during emitting sources starting, were 75.5 × 10⁶ and 17.9 × 10⁶ particles/cm³, respectively. Particles from the drone launches were predominantly composed of silicon (Si), iron (Fe) and calcium (Ca), and those from the blasting campaigns by magnesium (Mg), sulphur (S), aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), barium (Ba) and silicon (Si); (4) Conclusions: The investigated sources produced UFPs with median values lower than other anthropogenic sources, and with a similar chemical composition.

  1. Repeated concussion among U.S. military personnel during Operation Iraqi Freedom.

    PubMed

    MacGregor, Andrew J; Dougherty, Amber L; Morrison, Rosemary H; Quinn, Kimberly H; Galarneau, Michael R

    2011-01-01

    Concussions are a predominant injury of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The aims of this study were to describe repeated concussive events among U.S. military personnel injured in Operation Iraqi Freedom and examine subsequent healthcare utilization. We reviewed clinical records from the Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database to identify service members with repeat concussions. We abstracted demographic and injury-specific variables, calculated time between events, and identified healthcare utilization from electronic medical databases. Overall, 113 personnel experienced more than one concussion between 2004 and 2008. A majority of these incidents were blast related. The median time between events was 40 days, with 20% experiencing a second event within 2 weeks of the first and 87% within 3 months. Time between events was not associated with severity of the second event. Greater severity of the second concussive event was associated with higher postinjury utilization of mental health and neurology services. This study is one of the first to describe repeated concussions in a combat setting. We found that repeated concussions occur within a short interval among deployed personnel, although the effects of the first event are unclear. Further research is needed to define the effect of repeated concussions on the health of combat veterans.

  2. Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases.

    PubMed

    Aurell, Johanna; Gullett, Brian K; Yamamoto, Dirk

    2012-10-16

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenarios, so-called "burn piles/pits" and an air curtain burner/"burn box", were compared using simulated FOB waste from municipal and commercial sources. A comprehensive array of emissions was quantified, including CO(2), PM(2.5), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and -furans (PCDDs/PCDFs), polybrominated dibenzodioxins and -furans (PBDDs/PBDFs), and metals. In general, smoldering conditions in the burn box and the burn pile led to similar emissions. However, when the burn box underwent periodic waste charging to maintain sustained combustion, PM(2.5), VOCs, and PAH emissions dropped considerably compared to smoldering conditions and the overall burn pile results. The PCDD/PCDF and PBDD/PBDF emission factors for the burn piles were 50 times higher than those from the burn box likely due to the dominance of smoldering combustion in the burn piles.

  3. Decentralized operating procedures for orchestrating data and behavior across distributed military systems and assets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peach, Nicholas

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, we present a method for a highly decentralized yet structured and flexible approach to achieve systems interoperability by orchestrating data and behavior across distributed military systems and assets with security considerations addressed from the beginning. We describe an architecture of a tool-based design of business processes called Decentralized Operating Procedures (DOP) and the deployment of DOPs onto run time nodes, supporting the parallel execution of each DOP at multiple implementation nodes (fixed locations, vehicles, sensors and soldiers) throughout a battlefield to achieve flexible and reliable interoperability. The described method allows the architecture to; a) provide fine grain control of the collection and delivery of data between systems; b) allow the definition of a DOP at a strategic (or doctrine) level by defining required system behavior through process syntax at an abstract level, agnostic of implementation details; c) deploy a DOP into heterogeneous environments by the nomination of actual system interfaces and roles at a tactical level; d) rapidly deploy new DOPs in support of new tactics and systems; e) support multiple instances of a DOP in support of multiple missions; f) dynamically add or remove run-time nodes from a specific DOP instance as missions requirements change; g) model the passage of, and business reasons for the transmission of each data message to a specific DOP instance to support accreditation; h) run on low powered computers with lightweight tactical messaging. This approach is designed to extend the capabilities of existing standards, such as the Generic Vehicle Architecture (GVA).

  4. Ultrafine Particle Distribution and Chemical Composition Assessment during Military Operative Trainings

    PubMed Central

    Campagna, Marcello; Pilia, Ilaria; Marcias, Gabriele; Frattolillo, Andrea; Pili, Sergio; Bernabei, Manuele; d’Aloja, Ernesto; Cocco, Pierluigi; Buonanno, Giorgio

    2017-01-01

    (1) Background: The assessment of airborne particulate matter (PM) and ultrafine particles (UFPs) in battlefield scenarios is a topic of particular concern; (2) Methods: Size distribution, concentration, and chemical composition of UFPs during operative military training activities (target drone launches, ammunition blasting, and inert bomb impact) were investigated using an electric low-pressure impactor (ELPI+) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM), equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS); (3) Results: The median of UFPs, measured for all sampling periods and at variable distance from sources, was between 1.02 × 103 and 3.75 × 103 particles/cm3 for drone launches, between 3.32 × 103 and 15.4 × 103 particles/cm3 for the ammunition blasting and from 7.9 × 103 to 1.3 × 104 particles/cm3 for inert launches. Maximum peak concentrations, during emitting sources starting, were 75.5 × 106 and 17.9 × 106 particles/cm3, respectively. Particles from the drone launches were predominantly composed of silicon (Si), iron (Fe) and calcium (Ca), and those from the blasting campaigns by magnesium (Mg), sulphur (S), aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), barium (Ba) and silicon (Si); (4) Conclusions: The investigated sources produced UFPs with median values lower than other anthropogenic sources, and with a similar chemical composition. PMID:28556812

  5. United States military service members and their tattoos: a descriptive study.

    PubMed

    Lande, R Gregory; Bahroo, Bhagwan A; Soumoff, Alyssa

    2013-08-01

    To explore the characteristics of military service tattoos a descriptive study was conducted at Walter Reed Army Medical Center to collect information from a convenience sample. An investigator-developed questionnaire provided the data for this study. Over the ensuing 12 month-period the researchers collected 126 questionnaires. Typical respondents were enlisted men with at least one deployment to an area of combat operations. Among the respondents, 57% acquired their tattoos before their deployment. One-quarter of the respondents reported only one tattoo, leaving the majority with multiple tattoos. Men received their first tattoo at an earlier age than women. The most common tattoo listed a person's name. Respondents did not regret their tattoos and rarely acquired the body art under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Little evidence was found to support a connection between tattoos and deployment. Few regretted their decisions and most all approached the tattoo experience free of any mind-altering substance. All this seems to suggest that military tattoos are a well-accepted means of self-expression. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  6. Overseas organ donation during wartime operations: Benchmarking military performance against civilian practice.

    PubMed

    Oh, John S; Malinoski, Darren; Martin, Kathleen D; De La Cruz, J Salvador; Zonies, David

    2017-08-01

    Over the past 15 years of war, eligible U.S. military members donated organs overseas in Germany. Our hypothesis was that outcomes at a military treatment facility were comparable to a civilian cohort. Military donors were matched 1:3 with a donor cohort from the U.S. United Network for Organ Sharing. Data were compared using univariate and multivariate analysis. Significance set at p < 0.05. Forty military organ donors were compared with 116 civilian matched donors. The military cohort conversion rate was 75.5% and recovered more organs per donor (4.6 vs. 4.0, p = 0.02) with more transplants (4.2 vs 3.5, p = 0.01). Multivariate analysis controlling for sex, age, and type of organ donation showed no difference in odds of total organs donated in the military versus civilian cohort (odds ratio 2.1, 95% CI 0.87-5.24, p = 0.10). Organ donation at a military treatment facility overseas can be accomplished successfully. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  7. Automated ambulatory assessment of cognitive performance, environmental conditions, and motor activity during military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lieberman, Harris R.; Kramer, F. Matthew; Montain, Scott J.; Niro, Philip; Young, Andrew J.

    2005-05-01

    Until recently scientists had limited opportunities to study human cognitive performance in non-laboratory, fully ambulatory situations. Recently, advances in technology have made it possible to extend behavioral assessment to the field environment. One of the first devices to measure human behavior in the field was the wrist-worn actigraph. This device, now widely employed, can acquire minute-by-minute information on an individual"s level of motor activity. Actigraphs can, with reasonable accuracy, distinguish sleep from waking, the most critical and basic aspect of human behavior. However, rapid technologic advances have provided the opportunity to collect much more information from fully ambulatory humans. Our laboratory has developed a series of wrist-worn devices, which are not much larger then a watch, which can assess simple and choice reaction time, vigilance and memory. In addition, the devices can concurrently assess motor activity with much greater temporal resolution then the standard actigraph. Furthermore, they continuously monitor multiple environmental variables including temperature, humidity, sound and light. We have employed these monitors during training and simulated military operations to collect information that would typically be unavailable under such circumstances. In this paper we will describe various versions of the vigilance monitor and how each successive version extended the capabilities of the device. Samples of data from several studies are presented, included studies conducted in harsh field environments during simulated infantry assaults, a Marine Corps Officer training course and mechanized infantry (Stryker) operations. The monitors have been useful for documenting environmental conditions experienced by wearers, studying patterns of sleep and activity and examining the effects of nutritional manipulations on warfighter performance.

  8. Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive United States Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Tzeng, Jeff S; Clark, Leslie L; Garges, Eric C; Otto, Jean Lin

    2013-01-01

    Background. Minimal data exist that describe the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive populations across the pre- and post-diagnosis periods for HIV. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the epidemiology of gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, herpes simplex virus, and human papillomavirus in an HIV-positive population. Methods. All 1,961 HIV seropositive United States active duty military personnel from 2000-2010 were identified. STI diagnoses relative to HIV diagnosis from 1995, which was the earliest electronic medical record available, to 2010 were examined. Results. The incidence diagnosis rates of STI generally increased during the period leading up to eventual HIV diagnosis. The rates of STI during the post-HIV diagnosis period fluctuated, but remained elevated compared to pre-HIV diagnosis period. Approximately 45%-69% with an STI in the HIV seropositive military population were diagnosed with their first STI greater than one year after their HIV diagnosis. Of those who were diagnosed with an STI in the post-HIV diagnosis period, 70.6% had one STI diagnosis, 23.5% had two STI diagnoses, and 5.8% had three or more STI diagnoses. Conclusions. Despite aggressive counseling, high-risk sexual behavior continues to occur in the HIV-positive military population.

  9. Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive United States Military Personnel

    PubMed Central

    Tzeng, Jeff S.; Clark, Leslie L.; Garges, Eric C.; Otto, Jean Lin

    2013-01-01

    Background. Minimal data exist that describe the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive populations across the pre- and post-diagnosis periods for HIV. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the epidemiology of gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, herpes simplex virus, and human papillomavirus in an HIV-positive population. Methods. All 1,961 HIV seropositive United States active duty military personnel from 2000–2010 were identified. STI diagnoses relative to HIV diagnosis from 1995, which was the earliest electronic medical record available, to 2010 were examined. Results. The incidence diagnosis rates of STI generally increased during the period leading up to eventual HIV diagnosis. The rates of STI during the post-HIV diagnosis period fluctuated, but remained elevated compared to pre-HIV diagnosis period. Approximately 45%–69% with an STI in the HIV seropositive military population were diagnosed with their first STI greater than one year after their HIV diagnosis. Of those who were diagnosed with an STI in the post-HIV diagnosis period, 70.6% had one STI diagnosis, 23.5% had two STI diagnoses, and 5.8% had three or more STI diagnoses. Conclusions. Despite aggressive counseling, high-risk sexual behavior continues to occur in the HIV-positive military population. PMID:26316961

  10. The Belgian Concept of Social-Psychological Support of Families of Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    e.g.: midlife crisis , retirement) • Social difficulties after the breakdown of a relationship or an illness, death, unexpected event (e.g...RTO-MP-HFM-134 37 - 1 The Belgian Concept of Social-Psychological Support of Families of Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response...Brussels BELGIUM Philippe.Manigart@rma.ac.be, Jean-Francois.Fils@rma.ac.be ABSTRACT With the multiplication of crisis response operations carried out

  11. A Present Value-Unit Cost Methodology for Evaluating Wastewater Reclamation and Direct Reuse at a Military Base of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-12-01

    KEY WORDS (Conllnut on rtvtrt^ tldt II ntctttmry mnd Idtntlly by block numbtr) Waslewater reciainalion Wat(;r renovation Water reuse Present...applied to a water supply problem typical for a military operation. A relevant unit cost figure, called the "present value-unit cost" (PVUC), is...determined and applied to alternative methods for meeting a projected need for water . The concepls of reclamation am! dual supply systems are

  12. Malaria on a military peacekeeping operation: a case study with no cases.

    PubMed

    Houston, David J K; Tuck, Jeremy J H

    2005-03-01

    Malaria continues to be a disease of importance to travelers and the military is no exception. Individual protection measures based on advice, bite avoidance, chemoprophylaxis, and diagnosis are advocated for protection against the disease. However, the military has an additional strand to malaria protection--the chain of command. To describe the experience of a British military deployment where the Force Commander took a proactive approach to malaria protection. In 512 person-weeks of exposure in a theater with high rates of transmission of malaria, with an enduring threat of asymmetric military action and with a proactive approach by the chain of command to the implementation of malaria protection policy, no malaria cases developed. The chain of command can have a significant impact on compliance with malaria protection measures, which might reduce incidence of the disease in the deployed population.

  13. Operation Unified Response: A Case Study of the Military’s Role in Foreign Disaster Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-05

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT uu a. REPORT r · ABSTRACT 1 c. THIS PAGE UN CLASS UNCLASS UNClASS. 18.NUMBER OF PAGES...faces the same budgetary pressures· that the Department of Defense does, but from a low~ r baseline level. Additionally, the State Department faces a...example: Army Tactics Techniques, and Procedures Publications 4-15 Army Water Transport Operations, Army Field Manual 10-52 Water Supply in Theaters

  14. Operational Use Of Contact Lenses By Military Aircrew (L’Utilisation Operationnelle des Lentilles de Contact)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-10-01

    WITH CONTACT Early Studies With PMMA Lenses Military contact lens research has a history of almost 50 Since the beginning of military aviation, vision...wearing histories of more than permeable lenses when they were worn by subjects exposed 10 years. to high +Gz. Their results showed that the spherical...available concerning Flynnr 3m"’ published reviews of the medical histories of 55 possible predisposing conditions, and the data may not be aviators

  15. Proceedings of Military Operations Research Symposia (Index) Volume 3. 31st through 40th inclusive

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-11-01

    health sciences. 36-34 deFlorio Barbara J (with Bernard Kornhauser), Value of Ellefsen Richard (with B Coffland and G Orr). Phyvsical close air support...LEsnman and Gus C Lee). Market Hlartman James K (with NK Weiner), Auditing cost- analysis for military volunteers: education and health effecilveness...effectiveness (WGR). 35- analysis for military volunteers: education and health 143 sciences. 36-34 Mar-shall Robert D (with WA Brown and JE Lupo. Lehowicz

  16. Transforming and Relevant: Military Police in the Operating Forces-A Paradigm Shift for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    Printing Office, 11 February 1992), 1-1. Cited hereafter as U.S. Marine Corps FMFM 3-5; and Major William M. Webber , USMC, Head, Military Police Unit, HQMC...21 All organizational charts are taken from, Webber , subject: “FDP Organization Description for the...the MAGTF elements on respective core competencies, and organizes CSS to more effectively support the warfighter, see Webber , “Military Police

  17. Military Communications with Special Focus on Tactical Communications for Network Centric Operations (Les communications militaires, et plus particulierement les communications tactiques pour les operations reseaux-centrees)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    six groupes apparentés : Radio logicielle (SDR), Gestion de réseaux et de ressources , Performances, Communications urbaines, Sécurité, et Futurs...MP-IST-083 Military Communications with Special Focus on Tactical Communications for Network Centric Operations (Les communications militaires...et plus particulièrement les communications tactiques pour les opérations réseaux-centrées) Papers presented at the RTO Information Systems

  18. Effect of commercial and military performance requirements for transport category aircraft on space shuttle booster design and operation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bithell, R. A.; Pence, W. A., Jr.

    1972-01-01

    The effect of two sets of performance requirements, commercial and military, on the design and operation of the space shuttle booster is evaluated. Critical thrust levels are established according to both sets of operating rules for the takeoff, cruise, and go-around flight modes, and the effect on engine requirements determined. Both flyback and ferry operations are considered. The impact of landing rules on potential shuttle flyback and ferry bases is evaluated. Factors affecting reserves are discussed, including winds, temperature, and nonstandard flight operations. Finally, a recommended set of operating rules is proposed for both flyback and ferry operations that allows adequate performance capability and safety margins without compromising design requirements for either flight phase.

  19. [The state of health of the US Armed Forces military personnel in 2012].

    PubMed

    Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B; Nagibovich, O A; Sivashchenko, P P

    2013-08-01

    The current article is dedicated to the state of health of the US Armed Forces military active component personnel in 2012 according to the report published by the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center in April 2013 issue of Center's Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. Sequentially, the key characteristics of ambulatory visits and hospitalization for the leading disease chapters and certain disease groups have been presented. The data have been given for the total personnel as well as for male and female separately. The general hospitalization has also been presented for the US Armed Forces components.

  20. A Summary of Operating Conditions Experienced by Three Military Helicopters and a Mountain-Based Commercial Helicopter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Connor, Andrew B.

    1960-01-01

    The results of a survey of the flight conditions experienced by three military helicopters engaged in simulated and actual military missions, and a commercial helicopter operated in the mountainous terrain surrounding Denver, CO, are presented. The data, obtained with NASA helicopter VGHN recorders, represent 813 flights or 359 flying hours, and are compared where applicable to previous survey results. The current survey results show that none of the helicopters exceeded the maximum design airspeed. One military helicopter, used for instrument flight training, never exceeded 70 percent of its maximum design airspeed. The rates of climb and descent utilized by the IFR training helicopter and of the mountain-based helicopter were generally narrowly distributed within all the airspeed ranges. The number of landings per hour for all four of the helicopters ranged from 1.6 to 3.3. The turbine-engine helicopter experienced more frequent normal-acceleration increments above a threshold of +/-0.4g (where g is acceleration due to gravity) than the mountain-based helicopter, but the mountain-based helicopter experienced acceleration increments of greater magnitude. Limited rotor rotational speed time histories showed that all the helicopters were operated at normal rotor speeds during all flight conditions.

  1. The United States Army in Peace Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-13

    GNP, since the 1930"s,10 9and the smallest active duty military since before the Korean War.110 106 John Walcott , et al, "Drifting At Sea," U.S. News...Observers mission (MFO).227 In April 1982, over 1,200 U.S. Marines joined a multilateral effort to maintain peace in Lebanon, with the 224 John Walcott ...28, 1994, p. 3. Walcott , John, et al, "Drifting at Sea," U.S. News & World Report, Vol. 115, #19, pp. 48-49. Weise, Wendy, "Treasure Hunt," Sentinel

  2. Complexity associated with the optimisation of capability options in military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pincombe, A.; Bender, A.; Allen, G.

    2005-12-01

    In the context of a military operation, even if the intended actions, the geographic location, and the capabilities of the opposition are known, there are still some critical uncertainties that could have a major impact on the effectiveness of a given set of capabilities. These uncertainties include unpredictable events and the response alternatives that are available to the command and control elements of the capability set. They greatly complicate any a priori mathematical description. In a forecasting approach, the most likely future might be chosen and a solution sought that is optimal for that case. With scenario analysis, futures are proposed on the basis of critical uncertainties and the option that is most robust is chosen. We use scenario analysis but our approach is different in that we focus on the complexity and use the coupling between scenarios and options to create information on ideal options. The approach makes use of both soft and hard operations research methods, with subject matter expertise being used to define plausible responses to scenarios. In each scenario, uncertainty affects only a subset of the system-inherent variables and the variables that describe system-environment interactions. It is this scenario-specific reduction of variables that makes the problem mathematically tractable. The process we define is significantly different to existing scenario analysis processes, so we have named it adversarial scenario analysis. It can be used in conjunction with other methods, including recent improvements to the scenario analysis process. To illustrate the approach, we undertake a tactical level scenario analysis for a logistics problem that is defined by a network, expected throughputs to end users, the transport capacity available, the infrastructure at the nodes and the capacities of roads, stocks etc. The throughput capacity, e.g. the effectiveness, of the system relies on all of these variables and on the couplings between them. The

  3. Endangered Species on Military Training Lands: Cooperation Between the Military Services and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-17

    of military housing areas (which produce feral cats when families lose or leave behind their domestic felines), solid waste land fills, animal...Wildlife Service. Many of the definitions come from public policy rather than from the physical sciences. Biodiversity /Biolocical Diversity. These terms...required by the Endangered Species Act and its implementing regulations. Federal agencies make certain determinations about the impact of their actions on

  4. An analysis of post-traumatic stress symptoms in United States Air Force drone operators.

    PubMed

    Chappelle, Wayne; Goodman, Tanya; Reardon, Laura; Thompson, William

    2014-06-01

    Remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), commonly referred to as "drones," have emerged over the past decade as an innovative warfighting tool. Given there is a paucity of empirical research assessing drone operators, the purpose of this study was to assess for the prevalence of PTSD symptoms among this cohort. Of the 1084 United States Air Force (USAF) drone operators that participated, a total of 4.3% endorsed a pattern of symptoms of moderate to extreme level of severity meeting criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-4th edition. The incidence of PTSD among USAF drone operators in this study was lower than rates of PTSD (10-18%) among military personnel returning from deployment but higher than incidence rates (less than 1%) of USAF drone operators reported in electronic medical records. Although low PTSD rates may be promising, limitations to this study are discussed.

  5. Initiation and continuation of long-acting reversible contraception in the United States military healthcare system.

    PubMed

    Chiles, Daniel P; Roberts, Timothy A; Klein, David A

    2016-09-01

    Long-acting reversible contraception is more effective for pregnancy prevention than shorter-acting contraceptive methods and has the potential to reduce healthcare disparities and costs. However, long-acting reversible contraception is underused in the United States. One population of interest is beneficiaries of the United States military healthcare system who have access to universal healthcare, including no-cost, no-copay contraception with unlimited method switching, and comprise a large, actual use cohort. Efforts to increase long-acting reversible contraception initiation and continuation in this population may improve health outcomes and mitigate the profound consequences of unintended or mistimed pregnancy on readiness and cost to the military. We aimed to determine long-acting reversible contraception initiation and continuation rates among the diverse population with universal healthcare who are enrolled in the US military healthcare system. This study is a retrospective cohort of >1.7 million women, aged 14-40 years, who were enrolled in the US military healthcare system, TRICARE Prime, between October 2009 and September 2014. Individuals were assessed for long-acting reversible contraception initiation and continuation with the use of medical billing records. Method continuation and factors that were associated with early method discontinuation were evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazard models. During the study dates, 188,533 women initiated long-acting reversible contraception. Of these, 74.6% women selected intrauterine contraceptives. Method initiation rates remained relatively stable (41.7-50.1/1000 women/year) for intrauterine methods, although the rate for subdermal implants increased from 6.1-23.0/1000 women/year. In analysis of women who selected intrauterine contraceptives, 61.2% continued their method at 36 months, and 48.8% continued at 60 months. Among women who selected the implant, 32.0% continued their

  6. Combat-related gunshot wounds in the United States military: 2000-2009 (cohort study).

    PubMed

    Walker, John J; Kelly, Joseph F; McCriskin, Brendan J; Bader, Julia O; Schoenfeld, Andrew J

    2012-01-01

    The armed forces of the United States are engaged in the longest conflict in their history. No prior works have described the incidence or epidemiology of gunshot wounds in the U.S. military. All combat-related gunshot wounds sustained by uniformed servicemembers in the years 2000-2009 were identified using the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database. Demographic information for all individuals identified as having sustained gunshot injuries was obtained and like data was captured for the entire military population serving in the same time-period. Raw unadjusted incidence rates were calculated for gunshot wounds within the entire demographic, as well as for the subcategories of sex, military rank, branch of service, and age. Adjusted incidence rate ratios were also calculated via multivariate Poisson regression analysis, using subcategories with the lowest unadjusted incidence rates as referents. We identified 4693 gunshot wounds within a population of 13,813,333 person-years for an overall incidence of 0.34 per 1000 person-years. Marine Corps service demonstrated the highest unadjusted incidence rate at 0.68 per 1000 person-years. Male sex, Junior Enlisted rank, Army and Marine Corps service, and ages 20-29 demonstrated significant adjusted incidence rate ratios and maintained unadjusted incidence rates above the population mean. Male sex, Junior Enlisted rank, Army and Marine Corps service, and ages 20-29 were identified as significant independent risk factors for war-related gunshot injuries. This investigation is the first to report on the incidence and epidemiology of gunshot wounds and includes the largest cohort of individuals to sustain such injuries in the literature. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  7. [Center of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of Central military district celebrates 70 years].

    PubMed

    Bedniakov, V V; Kunaev, A V

    2012-04-01

    The history of the centre of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of Central military district stationed in Kazan is stated shortly. This institution originated in 104th sanitary and epidemiological detachment, which was formed in May 1942 in complement of Bryansk Navy. During 1942-1945 104th SED was allotted to Braynsk, Central, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Belarus's fronts. Nowadays this Center in Kazan is component part of the united territorial system of medical supply of troops stationed in republic of Tatarstan, Udmurtiya, Chuvashiya, Mariy Al. It is modern profile institution where work highly skilled physicians and medical stuff of medium-level. Employees of the center have great experience in realization of prophylactic and anti-epidemiological actions.

  8. Stress and Psychological Support in Modern Military Operations (Stress et aide psychologique dans les operations militaires modernes)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    34 91 456 1976 email: jmpuenteo@oc.mde.es and jpuenteont@correo.cop.es SWEDEN Dr. Kristina POLLACK Director Military Psychology HQ GRO /UTB S...item depression module 7) Four-item PTSD module 8) Conflict and anger 9) Exposures to environmental hazards (solvents, pollution , lasers, smoke, etc...resolve, and the assurance that everything they had done and were feeling was entirely alright…. I don’t have any miracle cures to offer you

  9. Non-battle craniomaxillofacial injuries from U.S. military operations.

    PubMed

    Madson, Andrew Q; Tucker, David; Aden, Jay; Hale, Robert G; Chan, Rodney K

    2013-12-01

    Non-battle injuries (NBIs) can be a source of significant resource utilization for the armed forces in a deployed setting. While the incidence and severity of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) battle injuries (BIs) have reportedly increased in the ongoing U.S. military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, the prevalence and the nature of NBIs are not well described. The Joint Theater Trauma Registry was queried from October 2001 to February 2011, covering Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom, for both NBIs and BIs to the CMF region. Patient demographics, injury severity score, mechanism and type of injury were included in the query. Using ICD-9 diagnosis codes, CMF injuries were classified according to type (wounds, fractures, burns, vascular injuries, and nerve injuries). Statistical analysis was performed for comparative analysis. NBIs constituted 24.3% of all patients with CMF injuries evacuated to a regional combat support hospital (CMF BIs 75.4%). These injuries were characterized by blunt trauma, most commonly motor vehicle collisions (37%), and falls (20%). As compared to CMF BIs, CMF NBIs resulted in less mortality (1.3% vs. 3.1%, p < 0.0001), fewer injuries per patient (1.87 vs. 2.26, p = 0.055), and a decreased severity score (ISS) (8.38 vs. 12.98, p < 0.0001). However, a significant percentage of CMF NBIs still required evacuation out of theater (27.8% of NBIs vs. 42.2% of BIs, p < 0.0001), depleting the combat strength of the deployed forces. CMF NBIs accounted for a substantial portion of total CMF injuries. Though characterized predominantly by blunt trauma with an overall better prognosis, its burden to the limited resources of a deployment can be significant. This descriptive study highlights the need to allocate appropriate resources for treatment of these injuries as well as strategies to reduce both its incidence and severity. IV Prognostic. Copyright © 2013 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. All rights reserved.

  10. Suicidal ideation and mental distress among adults with military service history: results from 5 U.S. states, 2010.

    PubMed

    Blosnich, John R; Gordon, Adam J; Bossarte, Robert M

    2014-09-01

    We examined the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress in a probability-based sample of adults. We gathered 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 5 states that asked about past-year suicidal ideation. Military service was defined as current or former active-duty service or National Guard or Reserves service. We stratified analyses into 18 to 39 years, 40 to 64 years, and 65 years and older age groups and used multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic confounders, to discern the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. Among the 26,736 respondents, 13.1% indicated military service history. After adjusting for several confounders, we found military history status among those aged 40 to 64 years was associated with both past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. We found no significant associations among the younger or older age groups. Differences in suicidal ideation between military and nonmilitary individuals may occur in midlife. Future research should examine the possibility of cohort effects, service era effects, or both.

  11. Suicidal Ideation and Mental Distress Among Adults With Military Service History: Results From 5 US States, 2010

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, Adam J.; Bossarte, Robert M.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. We examined the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress in a probability-based sample of adults. Methods. We gathered 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 5 states that asked about past-year suicidal ideation. Military service was defined as current or former active-duty service or National Guard or Reserves service. We stratified analyses into 18 to 39 years, 40 to 64 years, and 65 years and older age groups and used multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic confounders, to discern the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. Results. Among the 26 736 respondents, 13.1% indicated military service history. After adjusting for several confounders, we found military history status among those aged 40 to 64 years was associated with both past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. We found no significant associations among the younger or older age groups. Conclusions. Differences in suicidal ideation between military and nonmilitary individuals may occur in midlife. Future research should examine the possibility of cohort effects, service era effects, or both. PMID:25100426

  12. Transformation Deja Vu? A Comparison of Military Improvements of Israel (1967-1973) and the United States (1990-2002)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-09-06

    Transformation Déjà Vu ? A Comparison of Military Improvements of Israel (1967-1973) and the United States (1990-2002) Major William A. Forkner, USAF...Transformation Déjà Vu ? A Comparison of Military Improvements of Israel (1967-1973) and the United States (1990-2002) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER...ROTC at Princeton University in 1989. Major Forkner earned a BSE in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering in 1989 and an MAS in Aerospace Studies

  13. New Directions for Military Decision Making Research in Combat and Operational Settings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    Carl von Clausewitz, "is so continuously or universally bound up with chance" (1976:85). Unfortunately, research on military decision making under...34 American Behavioral Scientist, 1984, 27:813-828. Solberg , P.O. "Unprogrammed Decision Making." Industrial Management Review, 1967, 8:19-29. Sproull, L.S

  14. Comparison of Military and Commercial Design-to-Cost Aircraft Procurement and Operational Support Practices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-07-01

    oAft"uAt S 3. PA 7- 2 Figure 18. Typical Commercial Test Plan 52 The military Category I flight test program accomplishes essentially the same tesi ...Bur~-s cide . - perating Procedures, etc._ - as they relate to AVACS. i910 SPECIFIC (continued) 10. The nearly unanimous comment, that there is

  15. The US Military’s Experience in Stability Operations, 1789-2005

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Constitutionalist Venustiano Carranza . Meanwhile, the city was a cesspool of disease, and the new American military govern- ment wasted no time in instituting a... Carranza and General Francisco Villa and Emiliano Zapata battled over the spoils. However, it was not until 23 November that the Americans evacuated

  16. Technology and Command: Implications for Military Operations in the Twenty-First Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-07-01

    execution.” The feat is that involving high- level commanders in tactical decisions will discourage the initiative of the “commander on the spot,” and...technology has become the ultimate prosthesis .” xx. Carl H. Builder, “Five Faces of the Service Personalities,” The Masks of War: American Military

  17. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Petroleum Equipment and Technical Operations, QM0142, 19-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

    This subcourse containg lesson assignments, lesson texts, and programmed reviews covers the most frequently used equipment for transporting and storing petroleum products from the time they are purchased until they are consumed by the user. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to…

  18. The Roles of Women in the Army and Their Impact on Military Operations and Organizations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-05-23

    justifiable or valid differences. All courses of instruction formerly closed to women opened, except combat arms and rhf > I’.S. Military Academy. Women...been or are in the process of successful resolution. Further study and definitive action is required in what may be defined as nontraditional areas

  19. Charter Schools: Guidance Needed for Military Base Schools on Startup and Operational Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-01

    offers a buddy program for military-connected students transferring into the school, a self - esteem program, and a support group for students with a...MasterCard, Visa, check, or money order. Call for additional information. Connect with GAO on Facebook , Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube. Subscribe

  20. Challenges in Utilising Key Leader Engagement in Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    experience from Afghanistan represented different organisations: Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency ( Sida ...with Swedish civil and military personnel • Extensive experience from several missions, focus on Afghanistan • Organisations: SwAF, Sida , SAK and

  1. Health Status of Women in the U.S. (United States) Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    in the military, all branches have adopted strict policies and programs concerning the promotion of equal opportunity and prevention of sex ...Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower, Reserve Affairs and Logistics, the only sex -specific issue affecting military readiness is that of... sex discrimination, sexual harassment, or prejudice against a minority group (i.e., women in the military), this association warrants research

  2. State Policymakers: Supporting Military Families with Children. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Melissa; Lettieri, Chelsea

    2008-01-01

    Managing work and family responsibilities is particularly difficult for military families with children. While military life has always been demanding, in recent years an increasing number of military personnel in both the Active Duty Force and Selected Reserves have had to confront the additional demands of parenthood. Providing resources to…

  3. Challenges Faced by Military Families: Perceptions of United States Marine Corps School Liaisons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aronson, Keith R.; Perkins, Daniel F.

    2013-01-01

    The global war on terror has placed a number of stressful demands on service members and their families. Although the military offers a wide range of services and supports to military families, not all families are willing or able to use them. For example, geographically dispersed families can find it challenging to connect with military support…

  4. Challenges Faced by Military Families: Perceptions of United States Marine Corps School Liaisons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aronson, Keith R.; Perkins, Daniel F.

    2013-01-01

    The global war on terror has placed a number of stressful demands on service members and their families. Although the military offers a wide range of services and supports to military families, not all families are willing or able to use them. For example, geographically dispersed families can find it challenging to connect with military support…

  5. The Evolving Contingency Contracting Market: Private Sector Self regulation and United States Government Monitoring of Procurement of Stability Operations Services

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    tingency environment ( declared and non- declared ), including military operations, stability operations, natural disasters, humanitarian, and other...well as how contracting firms may offer institutional memory and operational impartiality that might be difficult for government employees to offer...in a contingency environ- ment ( declared and non- declared ), including military operations, stability operations, natural disasters, humanitarian, and

  6. Risk Factors for Injuries During Military Static-Line Airborne Operations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Knapik, Joseph; Steelman, Ryan

    2016-11-01

     To identify and analyze articles in which the authors examined risk factors for soldiers during military static-line airborne operations.  We searched for articles in PubMed, the Defense Technical Information Center, reference lists, and other sources using the key words airborne, parachuting, parachutes, paratrooper, injuries, wounds, trauma, and musculoskeletal.  The search identified 17 684 potential studies. Studies were included if they were written in English, involved military static-line parachute operations, recorded injuries directly from events on the landing zone or from safety or medical records, and provided data for quantitative assessment of injury risk factors. A total of 23 studies met the review criteria, and 15 were included in the meta-analysis.  The summary statistic obtained for each risk factor was the risk ratio, which was the ratio of the injury risk in 1 group to that of another (baseline) group. Where data were sufficient, meta-analyses were performed and heterogeneity and publication bias were assessed.  Risk factors for static-line parachuting injuries included night jumps, jumps with extra equipment, higher wind speeds, higher air temperatures, jumps from fixed-wing aircraft rather than balloons or helicopters, jumps onto certain types of terrain, being a female paratrooper, greater body weight, not using the parachute ankle brace, smaller parachute canopies, simultaneous exits from both sides of an aircraft, higher heat index, winds from the rear of the aircraft on exit entanglements, less experience with a particular parachute system, being an enlisted soldier rather than an officer, and jumps involving a greater number of paratroopers.  We analyzed and summarized factors that increased the injury risk for soldiers during military static-line parachute operations. Understanding and considering these factors in risk evaluations may reduce the likelihood of injury during parachuting.

  7. Comparison of Five 2nd-Generation Supraglottic Airway Devices for Airway Management Performed by Novice Military Operators

    PubMed Central

    Henlin, Tomas; Sotak, Michal; Kovaricek, Petr; Balcarek, Lukas

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. Five different second-generation supraglottic airway devices, ProSeal LMA, Supreme LMA, i-gel, SLIPA, and Laryngeal Tube Suction-D, were studied. Operators were inexperienced users with a military background, combat lifesavers, nurses, and physicians. Methods. This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded study. Devices were inserted in the operating room in low light conditions after induction of general anesthesia. Primary outcome was successful insertion on the first attempt while secondary aims were insertion time, number of attempts, oropharyngeal seal pressure, ease of insertion, fibre optic position of device, efficacy of ventilation, and intraoperative trauma or regurgitation of gastric contents. Results. In total, 505 patients were studied. First-attempt insertion success rate was higher in the Supreme LMA (96%), i-gel (87.9%), and ProSeal LMA (85.9%) groups than in the Laryngeal Tube Suction-D (80.6%) and SLIPA (69.4%) groups. Insertion time was shortest in the Supreme LMA (70.4 ± 32.5 s) and i-gel (74.4 ± 41.1 s) groups (p < 0.001). Oropharyngeal seal pressures were higher in the Laryngeal Tube Suction-D and ProSeal LMA groups than in other three devices. Conclusions. Most study parameters for the Supreme LMA and i-gel were found to be superior to the other three tested supraglottic airway devices when inserted by novice military operators. PMID:26495289

  8. Teleradiology network to improve patient care in a peacekeeping military operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cleary, Kevin R.; Levine, Betty A.; Norton, Gary S.; Mun, Seong K.; Cramer, Timothy J.; de Treville, Robert E.

    1997-05-01

    The Imaging Science and Information Systems (ISIS) Center of the Department of Radiology at Georgetown University Medical Center recently collaborated with the US Army in developing an off-the-shelf teleradiology network for Operation Joint Endeavor, the peace-keeping mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The network is part of Operation Primetime III, a project to deploy advanced communications and medical equipment to provide state-of-the-art medical care to the 20,000 US troops stationed there. The network encompasses three major sites: the 212th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) near Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina; the 67th Combat Support Hospital (CSH) in Taszar, Hungary; and the Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) in Landstuhl, Germany. Planning for the project began in January 1996, and all three sites were operational by April 1996. Since the system was deployed, computed radiography (CR) has been sued almost exclusively at the MASH and CSH for all general x-ray exams. From mid- May to September 1996, over 2700 CR images were acquired at the MASH and over 1600 at the CSH. Since there was not a radiologist a the MASH, the images were transferred to the CSH for primary diagnosis and archiving. In the same time period, over 550 patient folders were sent from the MASH to the CSH.

  9. Single-Leg Balance Impairments Persist in Fully Operational Military Special Forces Operators With a Previous History of Low Back Pain

    PubMed Central

    Sell, Timothy C.; Clark, Nicholas C.; Wood, Dallas; Abt, John P.; Lovalekar, Mita; Lephart, Scott M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Single-leg balance (SLB) can be chronically impaired after low back pain (LBP). Impaired SLB is a risk factor for recurrent LBP and lower extremity injury. In the United States military, the special forces operator (SFO) deploys on high-risk missions under extreme conditions, and impaired SLB can potentially threaten SFO safety and mission success. Purpose: To compare SLB in fully operational SFOs with and without a history of LBP. The hypothesis was that SLB deficits would be present in SFOs with a history of LBP. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 226 SFOs were included in this analysis. Comparisons were made between SFOs with and without medical chart documented history of LBP (LBP group [n = 43]: mean age = 31.2 ± 10.3 years, mean height = 177.3 ± 7.2 cm, mean mass = 87.3 ± 11.8 kg; healthy group [n = 183]: mean age = 28.0 ± 6.0 years, mean height = 177.9 ± 6.0 cm, mean mass = 84.9 ± 8.8 kg). Bilateral SLB was tested (eyes open and eyes closed) in both groups using a force plate. The variability in the ground-reaction forces was averaged across 3 trials for each leg for both conditions. Comparisons were made between legs in the LBP and between the LBP and healthy group (α = .05). Results: There were significant between-group differences for each leg for both conditions, with the healthy group demonstrating better SLB compared with the LBP group. P values ranged from .01 to .03. Conclusion: Impaired SLB persists in SFOs with previously reported LBP. Balance assessments of individuals who report LBP may assist with designing targeted interventions to address potential deficits that may increase the risk of future injury. Clinical Relevance: SFOs with a known history of LBP would benefit from examination of SLB and may benefit from balance training to resolve any deficits that may be present to lower the potential risk for future injury. PMID:26535329

  10. Single-Leg Balance Impairments Persist in Fully Operational Military Special Forces Operators With a Previous History of Low Back Pain.

    PubMed

    Sell, Timothy C; Clark, Nicholas C; Wood, Dallas; Abt, John P; Lovalekar, Mita; Lephart, Scott M

    2014-05-01

    Single-leg balance (SLB) can be chronically impaired after low back pain (LBP). Impaired SLB is a risk factor for recurrent LBP and lower extremity injury. In the United States military, the special forces operator (SFO) deploys on high-risk missions under extreme conditions, and impaired SLB can potentially threaten SFO safety and mission success. To compare SLB in fully operational SFOs with and without a history of LBP. The hypothesis was that SLB deficits would be present in SFOs with a history of LBP. Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. A total of 226 SFOs were included in this analysis. Comparisons were made between SFOs with and without medical chart documented history of LBP (LBP group [n = 43]: mean age = 31.2 ± 10.3 years, mean height = 177.3 ± 7.2 cm, mean mass = 87.3 ± 11.8 kg; healthy group [n = 183]: mean age = 28.0 ± 6.0 years, mean height = 177.9 ± 6.0 cm, mean mass = 84.9 ± 8.8 kg). Bilateral SLB was tested (eyes open and eyes closed) in both groups using a force plate. The variability in the ground-reaction forces was averaged across 3 trials for each leg for both conditions. Comparisons were made between legs in the LBP and between the LBP and healthy group (α = .05). There were significant between-group differences for each leg for both conditions, with the healthy group demonstrating better SLB compared with the LBP group. P values ranged from .01 to .03. Impaired SLB persists in SFOs with previously reported LBP. Balance assessments of individuals who report LBP may assist with designing targeted interventions to address potential deficits that may increase the risk of future injury. SFOs with a known history of LBP would benefit from examination of SLB and may benefit from balance training to resolve any deficits that may be present to lower the potential risk for future injury.

  11. A Cost Analysis of Direct Cash Compensation In Lieu of Operating Military Commissary Stores

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    sector grocery chains began complaining that commissaries were “unnecessary” and a source of “ unfair government competition” (Skirbunt, 2008). The...without commissaries, such as recruiting duty far from military bases, may be too far from a commissary to take advantage of it, but those members are...closure of commissaries would depend on how many veterans actually live close enough to commissaries to take advantage of commissaries. C

  12. Military Operations in the Italian East Africa, 1935-1941: Conquest and Defeat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    he considered essential to endure the Fascist regime. The overconfident emperor of Ethiopia Haile ’ Selassie ’ believed he could emulate the great Negus...Italian Somaliland? Haile ’ Selassie ’ decided to meet the Italian overwhelming military power face to face instead of resorting to guerrilla tactics and...86 See Figure 7, the British Counteroffensive 87 The 2nd of July, the Negus Haile ’ Selassie was in Khartoum ready to ignite the revolt in Ethiopia from

  13. Assessing the Prospects and Limitations of Military Operations Other than War (MOOTW)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-04-01

    disparity between economic groups, disparities of technological innovations allowing the rich to get richer while the poor get poorer, and environmental...terrorist attacks over the years is miniscule. 4 See Roderick K. Von Lipsey , ed. Breaking the Cycle: A Framework for Conflict Intervention (New York...is presently clouded. At the highest level, the National Security Council is responsible for integrating the military with diplomatic and economic

  14. Establish the Delta Military Operations Areas Environmental Assessment Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    calf death, nor did cow -calf pairs exhibit increased movement in response to the overflights. Maier et al. (1998) found that cow -calf pairs of the...low-income populations. The essential purpose of EO 12898 is to ensure the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of...concluded that military overflights did not cause any calf deaths, nor did cow -calf pairs exhibit increased movement in response to the overflights

  15. Field Artillery in Military Operations Other Than War: An Overview of the US Experience

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    Cold War, US policy makers and military strategists came to perceive Soviet and, after 1949, Chinese communist expansion as the principal threat to...would patrol the countryside , find the enemy (ranging anywhere between a two-man patrol to a VC regiment), disengage, and call in air, naval, and...Massing Fires and Reinventing the Wheel, Korean War Anthology (Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute, 2003). 35. This brief look at US

  16. Operational Applications of Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise as a Treatment for Airsickness in the Military

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gebreyesus, Fiyore; Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William B.

    2012-01-01

    Airsickness is experienced by about 50% of military aviators some time in their career. Aviators who suffer from recurrent episodes of airsickness are typically referred to the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute (NAMI) at Pensacola where they undergo extensive evaluation and 8 weeks of training in the Self-Paced Airsickness Desensitization (SPAD) program. Researchers at NASA Ames have developed an alternative mitigation training program, Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (AFTE) that has demonstrated an 80% success rate for improving motion sickness tolerance.

  17. Repeated Concussion Among U.S. Military Personnel During Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    Dougherty Rosemary H. Morrison Kimberly H. Quinn Michael R. Galarneau Report No. 10 -33 The views expressed in this article are those of the...JRRD Volume 48, Number 10 , 2011Pages 1269–1278 Journal of Rehabil itation Research & DevelopmentRepeated concussion among U.S. military personnel...amber.dougherty@med.navy.mil DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2011.01.00131269 1270 JRRD, Volume 48, Number 10 , 2011concussions [9–13]. Evidence exists that some aspects of

  18. The Supply of Pharmaceuticals in Humanitarian Assistance Missions: Implications for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in support of these missions. 1 Regardless of the legal authority under which a military HA mission is...pro- hibit the donation of drugs that are expired or near their expi- ration date as these are considered adulterated products. Once TABLE I...http://www.usaid.gov/our_ work/cross-cutting_programs/private_voluntary_cooperation/denton guidelines.html ; accessed January 28, 2010 . 12. Food and

  19. The Use of Personal Information Technology in Military Area of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-19

    scaling, and utilization of secure mobile capability leveraging commercial mobile technology to enable an agile deployment environment for new and...published a Mobile Device Strategy in May of 2012 that laid out some of the broadest strategic goals in the use of mobile technology in the branches of...paper prove how the military is in a computerized world and incorporating mobile technology to remain an effective, resilient force. While the

  20. Operational Implications of Private Military Companies in the Global War on Terror

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Singer,” interview by Terry Gross (11 May 2004), Fresh Air, National Public Radio. 71 Stuart McGhie, “Briefing: Private Military Contractors...involvement with the IRA . He had been working in and around British bases in Basra. 41 are...responsibility for Fallujah first heard about the killings whilst watching Fox News. The events that followed the killings are now widely acknowledged to be

  1. The PLA at Home and Abroad: Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China’s Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    visited China, and in August 2007, when China’s Defense Minister General Cao Gangchuan returned his cour- tesy —the first time in 10 years a Chinese...www.stripes.com/article.asp?article=64377§ion=104. Sec- tion 1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act For Fiscal Year 2000 Public Law 106-65 prohibits...by fiscal , policy, organizational, and enterprise restructuring. Critically, defense funding was dramat- ically raised. The military budget roughly

  2. 48 CFR 225.770 - Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. 225.770 Section 225.770 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF...

  3. Religious Education Reform under the US Military Occupation: The Interpretation of State Shinto in Japan and Nazism in Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shibata, Masako

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses the treatment of religion in Japanese education in the post-World War Two period. During the Allied Military Occupation, Japan adopted the principle of the separation of state and religion as a means to democratize the totalitarian, ethno-nationalistic education system of pre-1945. The case of Germany is also dealt with here…

  4. Religious Education Reform under the US Military Occupation: The Interpretation of State Shinto in Japan and Nazism in Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shibata, Masako

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses the treatment of religion in Japanese education in the post-World War Two period. During the Allied Military Occupation, Japan adopted the principle of the separation of state and religion as a means to democratize the totalitarian, ethno-nationalistic education system of pre-1945. The case of Germany is also dealt with here…

  5. Implications of China’s Growing Military Diplomatic Clout for the United States: Cooperation, Competition or Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    creating favorable environments in this region has tremendous value. 2 Phillip C. Saunders, “China’s... create such favorable environments through increasing activism. Military diplomacy is a component of China’s overall diplomacy and is, consequently...center on safeguarding national independence and state sovereignty, and creating an international environment favorable to its reform, opening and

  6. The Fort Lewis maternity care project: a pioneering program for enlisted military families in a Prewar Washington State Community.

    PubMed

    Powell, Nena J

    2014-01-01

    The Fort Lewis maternity project begun in Tacoma, Washington in 1941, was considered a pioneering project that met the identified maternal/child health care needs of enlisted military families. From the outset, local medical leaders as well as Children's Bureau advisors intended that the project would provide physician-managed pregnancy as well as hospital births and that public health nursing would play a critical role in this maternal/child initiative. The project proved so successful that the model of care established under this program was reinterpreted to meet similar needs for military families in other states as America entered World War II.

  7. Biofilms and persistent wound infections in United States military trauma patients: a case–control analysis

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Complex traumatic injuries sustained by military personnel, particularly when involving extremities, often result in infectious complications and substantial morbidity. One factor that may further impair patient recovery is the persistence of infections. Surface-attached microbial communities, known as biofilms, may play a role in hindering the management of infections; however, clinical data associating biofilm formation with persistent or chronic infections are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the production of bacterial biofilms as a potential risk factor for persistent infections among wounded military personnel. Methods Bacterial isolates and clinical data from military personnel with deployment-related injuries were collected through the Trauma Infectious Disease Outcomes Study. The study population consisted of patients with diagnosed skin and soft-tissue infections. Cases (wounds with bacterial isolates of the same organism collected 14 days apart) were compared to controls (wounds with non-recurrent bacterial isolates), which were matched by organism and infectious disease syndrome. Potential risk factors for persistent infections, including biofilm formation, were examined in a univariate analysis. Data are expressed as odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence interval [CI]). Results On a per infected wound basis, 35 cases (representing 25 patients) and 69 controls (representing 60 patients) were identified. Eight patients with multiple wounds were utilized as both cases and controls. Overall, 235 bacterial isolates were tested for biofilm formation in the case–control analysis. Biofilm formation was significantly associated with infection persistence (OR: 29.49; CI: 6.24-infinity) in a univariate analysis. Multidrug resistance (OR: 5.62; CI: 1.02-56.92), packed red blood cell transfusion requirements within the first 24 hours (OR: 1.02; CI: 1.01-1.04), operating room visits prior to and on the date of infection diagnosis (OR: 2.05; CI: 1

  8. Biofilms and persistent wound infections in United States military trauma patients: a case-control analysis.

    PubMed

    Akers, Kevin S; Mende, Katrin; Cheatle, Kristelle A; Zera, Wendy C; Yu, Xin; Beckius, Miriam L; Aggarwal, Deepak; Li, Ping; Sanchez, Carlos J; Wenke, Joseph C; Weintrob, Amy C; Tribble, David R; Murray, Clinton K

    2014-04-08

    Complex traumatic injuries sustained by military personnel, particularly when involving extremities, often result in infectious complications and substantial morbidity. One factor that may further impair patient recovery is the persistence of infections. Surface-attached microbial communities, known as biofilms, may play a role in hindering the management of infections; however, clinical data associating biofilm formation with persistent or chronic infections are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the production of bacterial biofilms as a potential risk factor for persistent infections among wounded military personnel. Bacterial isolates and clinical data from military personnel with deployment-related injuries were collected through the Trauma Infectious Disease Outcomes Study. The study population consisted of patients with diagnosed skin and soft-tissue infections. Cases (wounds with bacterial isolates of the same organism collected 14 days apart) were compared to controls (wounds with non-recurrent bacterial isolates), which were matched by organism and infectious disease syndrome. Potential risk factors for persistent infections, including biofilm formation, were examined in a univariate analysis. Data are expressed as odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence interval [CI]). On a per infected wound basis, 35 cases (representing 25 patients) and 69 controls (representing 60 patients) were identified. Eight patients with multiple wounds were utilized as both cases and controls. Overall, 235 bacterial isolates were tested for biofilm formation in the case-control analysis. Biofilm formation was significantly associated with infection persistence (OR: 29.49; CI: 6.24-infinity) in a univariate analysis. Multidrug resistance (OR: 5.62; CI: 1.02-56.92), packed red blood cell transfusion requirements within the first 24 hours (OR: 1.02; CI: 1.01-1.04), operating room visits prior to and on the date of infection diagnosis (OR: 2.05; CI: 1.09-4.28), anatomical location of

  9. Canadian Military Personnel's Population Attributable Fractions of Mental Disorders and Mental Health Service Use Associated With Combat and Peacekeeping Operations

    PubMed Central

    Belik, Shay-Lee; Afifi, Tracie O.; Asmundson, Gordon J. G.; Cox, Brian J.; Stein, Murray B.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives. We investigated mental disorders, suicidal ideation, self-perceived need for treatment, and mental health service utilization attributable to exposure to peacekeeping and combat operations among Canadian military personnel. Methods. With data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.2 Canadian Forces Supplement, a cross-sectional population-based survey of active Canadian military personnel (N = 8441), we estimated population attributable fractions (PAFs) of adverse mental health outcomes. Results. Exposure to either combat or peacekeeping operations was associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (men: PAF = 46.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 27.3, 62.7; women: PAF = 23.6%; 95% CI = 9.2, 40.1), 1 or more mental disorder assessed in the survey (men: PAF = 9.3%; 95% CI = 0.4, 18.1; women: PAF = 6.1%; 95% CI = 0.0, 13.4), and a perceived need for information (men: PAF = 12.3%; 95% CI = 4.1, 20.6; women: PAF = 7.9%; 95% CI = 1.3, 15.5). Conclusions. A substantial proportion, but not the majority, of mental health–related outcomes were attributable to combat or peacekeeping deployment. Future studies should assess traumatic events and their association with physical injury during deployment, premilitary factors, and postdeployment psychosocial factors that may influence soldiers’ mental health. PMID:18923111

  10. Canadian military personnel's population attributable fractions of mental disorders and mental health service use associated with combat and peacekeeping operations.

    PubMed

    Sareen, Jitender; Belik, Shay-Lee; Afifi, Tracie O; Asmundson, Gordon J G; Cox, Brian J; Stein, Murray B

    2008-12-01

    We investigated mental disorders, suicidal ideation, self-perceived need for treatment, and mental health service utilization attributable to exposure to peacekeeping and combat operations among Canadian military personnel. With data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.2 Canadian Forces Supplement, a cross-sectional population-based survey of active Canadian military personnel (N = 8441), we estimated population attributable fractions (PAFs) of adverse mental health outcomes. Exposure to either combat or peacekeeping operations was associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (men: PAF = 46.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 27.3, 62.7; women: PAF = 23.6%; 95% CI = 9.2, 40.1), 1 or more mental disorder assessed in the survey (men: PAF = 9.3%; 95% CI = 0.4, 18.1; women: PAF = 6.1%; 95% CI = 0.0, 13.4), and a perceived need for information (men: PAF = 12.3%; 95% CI = 4.1, 20.6; women: PAF = 7.9%; 95% CI = 1.3, 15.5). A substantial proportion, but not the majority, of mental health-related outcomes were attributable to combat or peacekeeping deployment. Future studies should assess traumatic events and their association with physical injury during deployment, premilitary factors, and postdeployment psychosocial factors that may influence soldiers' mental health.

  11. State-independent purity and fidelity of quantum operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kong, Fan-Zhen; Zong, Xiao-Lan; Yang, Ming; Cao, Zhuo-Liang

    2016-04-01

    The purity and fidelity of quantum operations are of great importance in characterizing the quality of quantum operations. The currently available definitions of the purity and fidelity of quantum operations are based on the average over all possible input pure quantum states, i.e. they are state-dependent (SD). In this paper, without resorting to quantum states, we define the state-independent (SI) purity and fidelity of a general quantum operation (evolution) in virtue of a new density matrix formalism for quantum operations, which is extended from the quantum state level to quantum operation level. The SI purity and fidelity gain more intrinsic physical properties of quantum operations than state-dependent ones, such as the purity of a one-qubit amplitude damping channel (with damping rate 1) is 1/2, which is in line with the fact that the channel is still a nonunitary operation described by two Kraus operators rather than a unitary one. But the state-dependent Haar average purity is 1 in this case. So the SI purity and fidelity proposed here can help the experimentalists to exactly quantify the implementation quality of an operation. As a byproduct, a new measure of the operator entanglement is proposed for a quantum evolution (unitary or nonunitary) in terms of the linear entropy of its density matrix on the orthonormal operator bases (OOBs) in Hilbert-Schmidt space.

  12. Power system operations: State estimation distributed processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebrahimian, Mohammad Reza

    We present an application of a robust and fast parallel algorithm to power system state estimation with minimal amount of modifications to existing state estimators presently in place using the Auxiliary Problem Principle. We demonstrate its effectiveness on IEEE test systems, the Electric Reliability Counsel of Texas (ERCOT), and the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) systems. Since state estimation formulation may lead to an ill-conditioned system, we provide analytical explanations of the effects of mixtures of measurements on the condition of the state estimation information matrix. We demonstrate the closeness of the analytical equations to condition of several test case systems including IEEE RTS-96 and IEEE 118 bus systems. The research on the condition of the state estimation problem covers the centralized as well as distributed state estimation.

  13. Bridging the Gap in Civil-Military Coordination to more Effectively Support Humanitarian Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    studies (Operation Sea Angel, Operation Uphold Democracy and Operation Fuerte Apoyo) are analyzed to support the theory that implementation of PDD-56 can...multiple actors. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Interagency Coordination, PDD-56, Operation Sea Angel, Operation Uphold Democracy, Operation Fuerte Apoyo, Complex...Operation Fuerte Apoyo – Central America Hurricane Mitch hit the coast of Central America in October 1998 and became the fourth most powerful Caribbean

  14. [Surgical activity at the military health service antenna during the Turquoise operation in Rwanda June-August 1994].

    PubMed

    Pons, F; Rigal, S; Dupeyron, C; de Saint-Julien, J

    1996-01-01

    The military health service provided a surgery antenna during the two months of the Turquoise operation in Zaire and Rwanda. During this period, the antenna functioned as a back-up station for the French troop and the local populations subjected to various conditions: Rwanda refugees who had escaped the massacres, subjects wounded by canon shots, war wounds, surgery emergencies in the refugee population. There were 315 operations performed including 33% in children and 70% for lesions of the limbs. The activity during the mission was analyzed on the basis of strategy for surgical diagnosis and treatment under local conditions (lack of complementary examinations, limited number of personnel, disrupted families in the refugee population, no possibility for transfer, major cholera and dysentery epidemic...).

  15. Challenges in the training of military surgeons: experiences from Dutch combat operations in southern Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Hoencamp, R; Tan, E C T H; Idenburg, F; Ramasamy, A; van Egmond, T; Leenen, L P H; Hamming, J F

    2014-08-01

    To improve care for battle casualties, we analyzed the surgical workload during the Dutch deployment to Uruzgan, Afghanistan. This surgical workload was compared with the resident surgical training and the pre-deployment medical specialist program. Patient data from the trauma registry (2006-2010) at the Dutch Role 2 Medical Treatment Facility (MTF) were analyzed. The case logs of chief residents (n = 15) from the general surgery training program in the Netherlands were used for comparison. The trauma registry query yielded 2,736 casualties, among whom 60 % (1,635/2,736) were classified as disease non-battle casualties and 40 % (1,101/2,736) as battle casualties. During the study period, 1,427 casualties (336 pediatric cases) required 2,319 surgical procedures. Each graduating chief resident handled an average of 1,444 cases, including 165 laparotomies, 19 major vessel repairs, 28 amputations, and 153 fracture stabilizations, during their residency. Residents had limited exposure to injuries requiring a thoracotomy, craniotomy, nephrectomy, IVC repair, or external genital trauma. The injuries treated at the Dutch Role 2 MTF were often severe, and exposure to pediatric cases was much higher than reported for other combat hospitals in Iraq and in Afghanistan. The current civilian resident training does not equip the trainees with the minimally required competences of a fully trained military surgeon. The recognition in the Netherlands of military surgery as a subspecialty within general (trauma) surgery, with a formal training curriculum, should be considered. The introduction of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization Military (and Disaster) Surgery standard may facilitate the achievement of this aim.

  16. A Look Down the Slippery Slope: Domestic Operations, Outsourcing, and the Erosion of Military Culture

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    First off, I have to say that when I was a student here in 2006, I didn’t dream that I would have the job that I have now … or that such a job would... dreamed of the need for such an office. Back in 2006, our military establishment was focused on “Transformation” of the Department of Defense1 with an...most experienced soldiers and airmen.”104 To be frank, we found ourselves in a surreal situation; we had “contracted out” certain functions

  17. [Environmental risk factors in the territory of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan].

    PubMed

    Korzeniewski, Krzysztof

    2008-07-01

    Military service in Iraq and Afghanistan is burdened by series of environmental factors such as high and low air temperature, wind, sand, dust, and local fauna. In summertime the main hazard are heat injuries. Sand and dust storms also become troublesome. In the winter another health problem is effect of low temperature. In Afghanistan additional threat pose mountain conditions, especially in wintertime when appear intense snowfalls. Hard conditions more than once characteristic for duty of Stabilization Forces soldiers in both countries can cause significant threat for health and life.

  18. 20 CFR 631.40 - State program operational plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... UNDER TITLE III OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT State Programs § 631.40 State program operational... projects to be undertaken with the funds reserved by the Governor under § 631.32(c) of this part. (b)...

  19. Nutrient Intake Evaluation of Male and Female Cadets at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    AD-RIE 126 NUTRIENT INTRKE EVALUATION OF HALE RND FENRL! CADETS RT THE UNITED STRTES..(U) LETTERMRN ARMY INST OF RESERRCH PRESIDIO OF SRN FRRNCISCO...TEsfi C H A R T Ii Ill -- INSTITUTE REPORT NO. 218 00 NUTRIENT INTAKE EVALUATION OF MALE AND FEMALE CADETS ’AT THE SUNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY...ARMY INSTITUTE OF RESEARCH PRESIDIO OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 94129 Nutrient Intake Evaluation of Male and Female Cadets at the United States

  20. The United States on Trial: An Analysis of the Case Concerning Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-06

    70A DOCUM•r P•WoCSSING uinm LOAN D)OCUMENT THE UNITED STATES ON TRIAL: AN ANALYSIS OF THE CASE CONCERNING MILITARY AND PARAMILITARY ACTIVITIES IN AND...agency. by Captain Mark Romaneski, JAGC US Army 35TH JUDGE ADVOCATE OFFICER GRADUATE COURSE 6 April 1987 THE UNITED STATES ON TRIAL: AN ANALYSIS OF THE...decision spoke authoritatively on various critical concepts in customary international law: the use of force, collective self-defense, intervention

  1. Autochthonous Chagas disease in the southern United States: A case report of suspected residential and military exposures.

    PubMed

    Harris, N; Woc-Colburn, L; Gunter, S M; Gorchakov, R; Murray, K O; Rossmann, S; Garcia, M N

    2017-09-01

    Chagas disease is a parasitic infection that can result in a progressive dilated cardiomyopathy. Here, we present the epidemiologic details of a suspected locally acquired transmission case originating from the southern United States. This is the first published report of Chagas disease in a young, healthy United States veteran with repeat triatomine exposures in Arizona. Military personnel and Arizona residents should be aware of their Chagas disease transmission risks. © 2017 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  2. The Civil-Military Gap in the United States. Does It Exist, Why, and Does It Matter?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. Thomas S. Szayna, Kevin F. McCarthy, Jerry M. Sollinger, Linda J. Demaine, Jefferson P ... p . cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-0-8330-4157-9 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Civil-military relations—United States. 2...Title. UA23.C555 2007 322 ’.50973—dc22 2007010935 The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army under Contract No. DASW01

  3. A State Cyber Hub Operations Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    attention on the transition from a compliance-based cybersecurity model—one focused primarily on the state of networks, malware , and patching—to a risk...between compartments within a SCIF. Compliance-based Cybersecurity: Focused primarily on the state of networks, malware , and patching. Designed to...teach themselves to grow and change when exposed to new data. Malware : An umbrella term used to refer to a variety of forms of hostile or intrusive

  4. Operational Stress and Correlates of Mental Health Among Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Webb-Murphy, Jennifer A; De La Rosa, Gabriel M; Schmitz, Kimberly J; Vishnyak, Elizabeth J; Raducha, Stephanie C; Roesch, Scott C; Johnston, Scott L

    2015-12-01

    Military personnel deployed to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay (JTF-GTMO) faced numerous occupational stressors. As part of a program evaluation, personnel working at JTF-GTMO completed several validated self-report measures. Personnel were at the beginning, middle, or end of their deployment phase. This study presents data regarding symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, depression, and resilience among 498 U.S. military personnel deployed to JTF-GTMO in 2009. We also investigated individual and organizational correlates of mental health among these personnel. Findings indicated that tenure at JTF-GTMO was positively related to adverse mental health outcomes. Regression models including these variables had R2 values ranging from .02 to .11. Occupation at JTF-GTMO also related to mental health such that guards reported poorer mental health than medical staff. Reluctance to seek out mental health care was also related to mental health outcomes. Those who reported being most reluctant to seek out care tended to report poorer mental health than those who were more willing to seek out care. Results suggested that the JTF-GTMO deployment was associated with significant psychological stress, and that both job-related and attitude-related variables were important to understanding mental health symptoms in this sample. Copyright © 2015 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.

  5. Changes in gut hormones and leptin in military personnel during operational deployment in Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Hill, Neil E; Fallowfield, Joanne L; Delves, Simon K; Ardley, Christian; Stacey, Michael; Ghatei, Mohammad; Bloom, Stephen R; Frost, Gary; Brett, Stephen J; Wilson, Duncan R; Murphy, Kevin G

    2015-03-01

    Understanding the mechanisms that drive weight loss in a lean population may elucidate systems that regulate normal energy homeostasis. This prospective study of British military volunteers investigated the effects of a 6-month deployment to Afghanistan on energy balance and circulating concentrations of specific appetite-regulating hormones. Measurements were obtained twice in the UK (during the Pre-deployment period) and once in Afghanistan, at Mid-deployment. Body mass, body composition, food intake, and appetite-regulatory hormones (leptin, active and total ghrelin, PYY, PP, GLP-1) were measured. Repeated measures analysis of 105 volunteers showed body mass decreased by 4.9% ± 3.7% (P < 0.0001) during the first half of the deployment. Leptin concentrations were significantly correlated with percentage body fat at each time point. The reduction in percentage body fat between Pre-deployment and Mid-deployment was 8.6%, with a corresponding 48% decrease in mean circulating leptin. Pre-deployment leptin and total and active ghrelin levels correlated with subsequent change in body mass; however. no changes were observed in the anorectic gut hormones GLP-1, PP, or PYY. These data suggest that changes in appetite-regulating hormones in front line military personnel occur in response to, but do not drive, reductions in body mass. © 2015 The Obesity Society.

  6. Diarrheal illness among deployed U.S. military personnel during Operation Bright Star 2001--Egypt.

    PubMed

    Sanders, John W; Putnam, Shannon D; Gould, Philip; Kolisnyk, John; Merced, Norma; Barthel, Vincent; Rozmajzl, Patrick J; Shaheen, Hind; Fouad, Salwa; Frenck, Robert W

    2005-06-01

    In the fall of 2001, approximately 15,000 U.S. military personnel participated in a military exercise in the northwestern Egyptian desert. To assess the prevalence and impact of diarrhea and enteropathogen distribution, we conducted a post-deployment survey and a case series study. A departure convenience sampling (n = 3725) was used in the post-deployment survey. Overall, 9.3% reported diarrhea, 2.6% sought medical care, and 2.8% stopped or decreased their work for at least a day. Among those reporting diarrhea, 41.7% had symptoms for less than 2 days, 43.5% had symptoms from 2-5 days, and 14.8% had symptoms for more than 5 days. In the case series study, pathogens were identified in 53.6% of the 129 cases enrolled. Pathogens identified included enterotoxigenic E. coli (n = 53), enteroaggregative E. coli (n = 13), Cryptosporidium (n = 9), Campylobacter jejuni (n = 7), noroviruses (n = 7), Shigella flexneri (n = 2), rotavirus (n = 2), and Entamoeba histolytica (n = 2). Among those seeking care for diarrhea, two thirds reported a decreased ability or inability to perform their jobs for at least one day, but overall, diarrhea was much less prevalent than in past surveys in this region, with minimal impact on the mission.

  7. Development of New Repellents and Improved Permethrin-Treated Uniforms for the United States Military

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    History contains numerous examples of the impact of arthropod-borne illnesses on the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our US military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. Two components of the Department of Defense system for personal protect...

  8. Graph states and local unitary transformations beyond local Clifford operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsimakuridze, Nikoloz; Gühne, Otfried

    2017-05-01

    Graph states are quantum states that can be described by a stabilizer formalism and play an important role in quantum information processing. We consider the action of local unitary operations on graph states and hypergraph states. We focus on non-Clifford operations and find for certain transformations a graphical description in terms of weighted hypergraphs. This leads to the indentification of hypergraph states that are locally equivalent to graph states. Moreover, we present a systematic way to construct pairs of graph states which are equivalent under local unitary operations, but not equivalent under local Clifford operations. This generates counterexamples to a conjecture known as LU-LC conjecture. So far, the only counterexamples to this conjecture were found by random search. Our method reproduces the smallest known counterexample as a special case and provides a physical interpretation.

  9. Construction of bound entangled states based on permutation operators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Hui; Guo, Sha; Jing, Naihuan; Fei, Shaoming

    2016-04-01

    We present a construction of new bound entangled states from given bound entangled states for arbitrary dimensional bipartite systems. One way to construct bound entangled states is to show that these states are positive partial transpose (PPT) and violate the range criterion at the same time. By applying certain operators to given bound entangled states or to one of the subsystems of the given bound entangled states, we obtain a set of new states which are both PPT and violate the range criterion. We show that the derived bound entangled states are not local unitary equivalent to the original bound entangled states by detail examples.

  10. Equivalent Multipole Operators for Degenerate Rydberg States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-23

    Equivalence of two operators means here that they yield identical matrix elements within a subspace of Hilbert space that corresponds to fixed n. Such...Rydberg atom in time -dependent electric and magnetic fields 6. For example, analytical probabilities have been derived 3–5, without the need for...any perturbative and numerical analysis, for the full array of l→ l transitions in atomic hydrogen Hnl induced by a time -varying weak electric field

  11. Independent nuclear state: the United States, Britain and the military atom

    SciTech Connect

    Simpson, J.

    1983-01-01

    Anglo-American relationships concerning nuclear weapons development from the World War II period up through the present are reviewed. The development of Great Britain as an independent nuclear state is examined in detail. The political factors affecting the cooperative efforts and alliances are discussed in detail as well as the trade in information and materials for reactor and weapons development.

  12. Operations: A Comparative Study of the United States and Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Cheng-Yao; Becker, Jerry; Byun, Mi-Ran; Yang, Der-Ching; Huang, Tsai-Wei

    2013-01-01

    This study examined (a) the differences in preservice teachers’ procedural knowledge in four areas of fraction operations in Taiwan and the United States, (b) the differences in preservice teachers’ conceptual knowledge in four areas of fraction operations in Taiwan and the United States, and (c) correlation in preservice teachers’ conceptual…

  13. Operations: A Comparative Study of the United States and Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Cheng-Yao; Becker, Jerry; Byun, Mi-Ran; Yang, Der-Ching; Huang, Tsai-Wei

    2013-01-01

    This study examined (a) the differences in preservice teachers’ procedural knowledge in four areas of fraction operations in Taiwan and the United States, (b) the differences in preservice teachers’ conceptual knowledge in four areas of fraction operations in Taiwan and the United States, and (c) correlation in preservice teachers’ conceptual…

  14. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  15. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  16. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  17. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military pilot...

  18. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military pilot...

  19. Possible Correlations of Multinational Military Operations and State Stability, and Application to State Building in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    TANZANIA COTE DIVOIRE MAURITANIA TUNISIA D. R. CONGO MOROCCO UGANDA ERITREA MOZAMBIQUE ZAMBIA ETHIOPIA NAMIBIA ZIMBABWE With a large number of...UNOCI COTE DIVOIRE 2004-2009 UNMIL LIBERIA 2003-2009 MONUC DR CONGO 1999-2009 MINUSTAH HAITI 2004-2009 UNMIT TIMOR LESTE 2006-2009 UNFICYP

  20. Transforming an academic military treatment facility into a trauma center: lessons learned from Operation Iraqi Freedom.

    PubMed

    Elster, Eric A; Pearl, Jonathan P; DeNobile, John W; Perdue, Philip W; Stojadinovic, Alexander; Liston, William A; Dunne, James R

    2009-07-24

    To manage the influx of patients with predominately extremity injuries from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), our center was required to transform from a nontrauma academic hospital to a trauma hospital by using a multidisciplinary approach. A retrospective chart review was performed of casualties from OIF who were received over 14 months. A total of 313 casualties were received. The average number of admissions was 16 per month, except during November 2004, when there were 88 admissions over 7 days. The mean ISS for all patients was 14.1 +/- 10.3. A total of 113 patients (36%) required admission to the intensive care unit for an average of 7.5 +/- 5.2 days. The mean interval between injury and arrival in the continental United States was 6.5 +/- 4.6 days. Most casualties suffered multisystem trauma, with extremity injuries predominating. The multidisciplinary approach to casualty care consisted of several meetings a week and included everyone involved in caring for these combat casualties. A multidisciplinary approach transformed an existing medical center into a trauma receiving hospital capable of managing and maintaining a surge in patient admissions resulting in minimal morbidity and mortality. This model further supports a multidisciplinary approach to trauma care and could serve as a guideline for transforming existing medical centers into trauma receiving hospitals to deal with patient overflow in the event of future civilian mass casualties.

  1. Present state of Tevatron lower temperature operation

    SciTech Connect

    Norris, B.L.

    1996-09-01

    Fermilab continues to work on raising the particle energy of the Tevatron by lowering magnet temperatures using cold vapor compressors. In 1995, another two rounds of power tests were completed. These power tests, although showing significant improvement over the initial tests of 1993-94, have led to the conclusion that 1000 GeV operation cannot be attained without replacing/rearranging magnets with lower quench currents before the next Collider Run in 1999. Development of more cold compressor control strategies also continues.

  2. The seven P's in battalion level combat health support in the Military Operations in Urban Terrain environment: the Fallujah experience, summer 2003 to spring 2004.

    PubMed

    Earwood, J Scott; Brooks, David E

    2006-04-01

    Combat health support in the Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) environment represents a common challenge on today's battlefield. We identified seven key aspects of battalion level health support which required consideration before combat operations in this type of environment. We called these the "seven P's" of combat health support: prevention, proportion, preparation, portability, proximity, protection, and projection. We developed an easy to use framework for using these principles to quickly develop combat health support plans during periods of high operations tempo.

  3. A Study of the Need for Cross-Cultural Capability Development in the Members of the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-16

    directly contributed to shortfalls in these past conflicts and will continue to plague military operations until the problem is worked through to an...the abstract field of culture with any type of certainty. To compensate for this potential problem , whenever possible the research will seek to...of culture during peacetime, there may not be time to educate them during times of conflict. The time to study this problem is now. 7 CHAPTER 2

  4. Potential and Actual Health Hazards in the Dense Urban Operational Environment: Critical Gaps and Solutions for Military Occupational Health.

    PubMed

    Patterson, Steven L; Dancy, Blair C R; Ippolito, Danielle L; Stallings, Jonathan D

    2017-08-08

    : This paper presents environmental health risks which are prevalent in dense urban environments.We review the current literature and recommendations proposed by environmental medicine experts in a 2-day symposium sponsored by the Department of Defense and supported by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.Key hazards in the dense urban operational environment include toxic industrial chemicals and materials, water pollution and sewage, and air pollution. Four critical gaps in environmental medicine were identified: prioritizing chemical and environmental concerns, developing mobile decision aids, personalized health assessments, and better real-time health biomonitoring.As populations continue to concentrate in cities, civilian and military leaders will need to meet emerging environmental health concerns by developing and delivering adequate technology and policy solutions.

  5. Operational vector-borne disease surveillance and control: closing the capabilities gap through research at overseas military laboratories.

    PubMed

    Evans, Brian P; Clark, Jeffrey W; Barbara, Kathryn A; Mundal, Kirk D; Furman, Barry D; McAvin, James C; Richardson, Jason H

    2009-01-01

    Malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya virus, leishmaniasis, and a myriad of other vector-borne diseases pose significant threats to the warfighter and to the overall combat effectiveness of units. Military preventive medicine (PM) assets must accurately evaluate the vector-borne disease threat and then implement and/or advise the commander on countermeasures to reduce a particular threat. The success of these measures is contingent upon the biology of the disease vector and on the tools or methods used to conduct vector/pathogen surveillance and vector control. There is a significant gap between the tools available and those required for operational PM assets to provide real-time, effective surveillance and control. A network of US Army and US Navy overseas laboratories is focused on closing the current capabilities gap. Their mission is to develop and field test tools and methods to enhance the combatant commander's ability to identify and mitigate the threat posed by these vector-borne diseases.

  6. [Influence of chronic diseases of reserve military personnel of Ukraine army on their capability to do their duty according military speciality].

    PubMed

    Ivashchenko, S N

    2008-01-01

    The author presents in the article the way of distribution of reserve military personnel of Ukraine army on special groups depending on presence of chronical diseases or pathological conditions. The author analyzed more than 800 personal files of military personnel and other materials related to assessment of functional state of this personnel and efficiency of performing their duty. Data received from Kiev commissariats and other Ukraine military Institutions have been analyzed. The proposed way of military personnel distribution allows optimizing their operating mode by creating a special mode where resource of military personnel's professional health is preserved.

  7. Diagnoses and factors associated with medical evacuation and return to duty among nonmilitary personnel participating in military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Steven P.; Brown, Charlie; Kurihara, Connie; Plunkett, Anthony; Nguyen, Conner; Strassels, Scott A.

    2011-01-01

    Background Nonmilitary personnel play an increasingly critical role in modern wars. Stark differences exist between the demographic characteristics, training and missions of military and nonmilitary members. We examined the differences in types of injury and rates of returning to duty among nonmilitary and military personnel participating in military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Methods We collected data for nonmilitary personnel medically evacuated from military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan between 2004 and 2007. We compared injury categories and return-to-duty rates in this group with previously published data for military personnel and identified factors associated with return to duty. Results Of the 2155 medically evacuated nonmilitary personnel, 74.7% did not return to duty. War-related injuries in this group accounted for 25.6% of the evacuations, the most common causes being combat-related injuries (55.4%) and musculoskeletal/spinal injuries (22.9%). Among individuals with non–war-related injuries, musculoskeletal injuries accounted for 17.8% of evacuations. Diagnoses associated with the highest return-to-duty rates in the group of nonmilitary personnel were psychiatric diagnoses (15.6%) among those with war-related injuries and noncardiac chest or abdominal pain (44.0%) among those with non–war-related injuries. Compared with military personnel, nonmilitary personnel with war-related injuries were less likely to return to duty (4.4% v. 5.9%, p = 0.001) but more likely to return to duty after non–war-related injuries (32.5% v. 30.7%, p = 0.001). Interpretation Compared with military personnel, nonmilitary personnel were more likely to be evacuated with non–war-related injuries but more likely to return to duty after such injuries. For evacuations because of war-related injuries, this trend was reversed. PMID:21324873

  8. Survival and Racial Differences of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in the United States Military.

    PubMed

    Brzezniak, Christina; Satram-Hoang, Sacha; Goertz, Hans-Peter; Reyes, Carolina; Gunuganti, Ashok; Gallagher, Christopher; Carter, Corey A

    2015-10-01

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States (US) Military and worldwide, with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounting for 87 % of cases. Using a US military cohort who receives equal and open access to healthcare, we sought to examine demographic, clinical features and outcomes with NSCLC. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of 4,751 patients, aged ≥ 18 years and diagnosed with a first primary NSCLC between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2013 in the US Department of Defense (DoD) cancer registry. Differences by patient and disease characteristics were compared using Chi-square and t-test. Kaplan Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards regression assessed overall survival. The mean age at diagnosis was 66 years, 64 % were male, 72 % were Caucasian, 41 % were diagnosed at early stage, 77 % received treatment and 82 % had a history of tobacco use. Mean age at diagnosis was highest among Caucasians (67 years) and lowest among African Americans (AA; 62 years). Asian/Pacific Islanders (PI) were more likely to be female (p < 0.0001), have adenocarcinoma histology (p = 0.0003) and less likely to have a history of tobacco use (p < 0.0001) compared to other racial/ethnic groups. In multivariable survival analysis, older age, male gender, increasing stage, not receiving treatment, and tobacco history were associated with higher mortality risk. Untreated patients exhibited a 39 % higher mortality risk compared to treated patients (HR = 1.39; 95%CI = 1.23-1.57). Compared to Caucasian patients, Asian/PIs demonstrated a 20 % lower risk of death (HR = 0.80; 95%CI = 0.66-0.96). There was no difference in mortality risk between AAs and Hispanics compared to Caucasians. The lack of significant outcome disparity between AAs and Caucasians and the earlier stage at diagnosis than usually seen in civilian populations suggest that equal access to healthcare may play a role in early detection and survival.

  9. Authentic science in education: Studies in course-based research at the United States Military Academy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chase, Anthony M.

    This dissertation consists of two studies at the United States Military Academy. Both studies involve the use of Course-based Undergraduate Research Experiences (CUREs). These experiences give students the ability to engage in undergraduate research at an early point in their academic career by replacing traditional laboratory activities with semester-long research projects. Both studies show an implementation of this type of instruction from the Center for Authentic Science Practice in Education (CASPiE). Study 1 shows the specific method of implementation at the military academy and explores learning-based outcomes. Primarily the outcome of critical thinking is demonstrated. Critical thinking is a construct that many curriculum developers and instructors want to foster within their students but often lack clear definitions or evaluation plans. This study gives a definition of critical thinking and an outcome of a critical thinking test. Significant gains in critical thinking are observed by students participating in the CURE as well as significant gains in three affective factors (Interest in Science/Chemistry, Authenticity, Perceived Learning). The gains in critical thinking are then further statistically linked to students’ perceptions of how authentically they saw the research in the course. If they felt that the course was demonstrating more authentic science practices, they gained significantly more in their critical thinking scores. The second study in this dissertation adds an additional transfer focus to the instructional materials that the CURE was meant to support. The treatment group in this study received instruction that was framed expansively. The expansively framed instruction showed students ways that the material was applicable outside of the course. The assessments and instructional materials of this study were transfer assessments with contrasting cases. Instances of negative or “overzealous transfer” were also reported. Findings suggest

  10. Military Psychology.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY , COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS....MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS

  11. Nutrition for Health and Performance: Nutritional Guidance for Military Operations in Temperate and Extreme Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-01

    used to sustain personnel during initial assault and special operations. The LRP-l components are dehydrated or low moisture . The entrees are pre...sustain soldiers during operations occurring under extremely cold conditions. The RCW contains freeze-dried. cooked entrees and other low moisture foods...1. The Ration, Lightweight (RLW-30) is a low -weight, compact ration designed tC sustain individuals with special needs, like the Special Operations

  12. [The 90th anniversary of the Center of State Sanitation-and-Epidemiological Control of Privolzhsky-Ural military region].

    PubMed

    Krylov, I K; Tomberg, A L

    2009-10-01

    There was exposed in brief the history of "The 1321" Center of state sanitation-and-epidemiological control of Privolzhsky-Ural military region". Nowadays it's a profile institute, where high-qualified and low-grade physicians are working. The Center successfully solves the tasks of securing of sanitarium-epidemiological well-being of regional troops, realizes a grand volume of education-methodical, science-practical and info-analyzing work.

  13. Strategic Planning for Comprehensive Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR Tchad/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    David S . Yost Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form...Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR Tchad/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia 6. AUTHOR( S ) Frank Hagemann 5. FUNDING...

  14. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations (Occasional Paper Number 22)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and support...Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  15. It is not their war: the impact of military operations on Philippine migrant care workers for elderly people in Israel

    PubMed Central

    Ron, Pnina

    2015-01-01

    Objective A majority of work immigrants from the Philippines came to Israel to fill positions involving personal and nursing care. Most of them were in Israel during the Second Lebanon War, the Cast Lead operation, and the Protective Edge Operation. These migrant care workers experienced these events no differently than did the Israeli population. The goal of this study was to examine the connections between the Philippine migrant care workers’ exposure to the military operations and the levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), death anxiety, and burnout among them. Methods A random sample of 147 Philippine migrant care workers was recruited through four agencies that employ migrant care workers. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire. Results Philippine migrant care workers reported high levels of PTSD, high levels of death anxiety, and low levels of burnout. Levels of exposure were positively associated with levels of PTSD, death anxiety, and negatively with burnout. A significant inverse relationship was found between interpersonal variables (self-esteem and sense of mastery) and the PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout levels reported by the participants. PMID:26170643

  16. Optimizing Unity of Effort During Humanitarian Assistance Operations: Civil-Military Operations Centers "Inside and Outside the Wire"

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    mission and avoids working at cross-purposes to achieve unity of effort.൭ In Operation RESTORE HOPE: Summary Report. D. J. Zvijac and K. W. McGrady...Draft (Joint Pub 5-00.2) (Washington D.C: March 19, 1996), IX-37. 35 Seiple, 173. 36 Davis, 54. 37 JP 3-08,111-24. 19 38 David J. Zvijac and...Policy." February 7, 1994. Joint Warfighting Center Peace Operations CD-ROM. Ft. Monroe, VA: Joint Warfighting Center, June 1997. Zvijac , David J

  17. Operational entanglement families of symmetric mixed N -qubit states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bastin, T.; Mathonet, P.; Solano, E.

    2015-02-01

    We introduce an operational entanglement classification of symmetric mixed states for an arbitrary number of qubits based on stochastic local operations assisted with classical communication (SLOCC operations). We define families of SLOCC entanglement classes successively embedded into each other, we prove that they are of nonzero measure, and we construct witness operators to distinguish them. Moreover, we discuss how arbitrary symmetric mixed states can be realized in the laboratory via a one-to-one correspondence between well-defined sets of controllable parameters and the corresponding entanglement families.

  18. Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    STATES ARMY WAR COLLEGE PRESS i The United States Army War College U.S. ARMY WAR COLLEGE CENTER for STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP The United States Army War... College educates and develops leaders for service at the strategic level while advancing knowledge in the global application of Landpower. The...purpose of the United States Army War College is to produce graduates who are skilled critical thinkers and complex problem solvers. Concurrently, it is

  19. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Issues and Current Proposals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-02-21

    facilities, advise Iraqi security forces, and conduct intelligence gathering and reconnaissance, President Obama began ordering U.S. military...televised speech to the American people, the President ordered U.S. military airstrikes in Syria against both IS forces and forces of the “Khorasan...Group,” identified by the President as part of Al Qaeda. In 2015, the President ordered new deployments to Iraq, and the Administration announced

  20. The Proper Role of the United States Military in Combatting Drug Smuggling.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    Nashville, Tennessee and his Masters Degree in Human Resources Management from Pepperdine University, Malibu, California in 1981. He received his Air Force...produced for US import. The largest foreign sources of marijuana are Columbia, Mexico, and Jamaica . (79:1) The use of US military resources in these...DC, as the Head- quarters Pacific Basing Manager . His professional military education includes Squadron Officer School, Air Command Staff College

  1. Millimeter wave case study of operational deployments: retail, airport, military, courthouse, and customs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tryon, Gary V.

    2008-04-01

    In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on America, our security and defense industry was instantly tasked with delivering technologies that could be used to help prevent future terrorist activities. The general public world wide is asking for solutions that will foster a safe society and travel environment. Our best defenses rest in our talents within a free open society to prevent dangerous individuals from boarding planes, entering buildings, courthouses, transportations hubs and military bases with weapons capable of causing damage and bodily harm in the first place. Passive millimeter wave (PMMW) whole body imaging systems are based upon the principle that every physical entity emits, reflects, and/or absorbs electromagnetic energy. The term "passive" means that this approach does not bombard the test subject with energy radiation to further induce the discovery of hidden objects. PMMW whole body imaging systems focus on the human body's natural emission and reflection of millimeter wavelength energy. In physics, "millimeter waves" (MMW) are defined as extremely high-frequency (30-300 GHz) electromagnetic oscillations. On the electromagnetic spectrum these waves are just larger than infrared waves, but smaller than radio waves. The wavelength of a MMW is between 1 millimeter and 10 millimeters. That is approximately the thickness of a large paperclip up to the diameter of an "AAA" battery.

  2. Total and cause-specific mortality of Finnish military personnel following service in international peacekeeping operations 1990–2010: a comprehensive register-based cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Laukkala, T; Parkkola, K; Henriksson, M; Pirkola, S; Kaikkonen, N; Pukkala, E; Jousilahti, P

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To estimate total and cause-specific mortality after international peacekeeping deployments among the Finnish military peacekeeping personnel in comparison to the general population of similar age and sex. Design A register-based study of a cohort of military peacekeeping personnel in 1990–2010 followed for mortality until the end of 2013. Causes of death were obtained from the national Causes of Death Register. The standardised mortality ratio (SMR) for total and cause-specific mortality was calculated as the ratio of observed and expected number of deaths. Setting Finland (peacekeeping operations in different countries in Africa, Asia and in an area of former Yugoslavia in Europe). Participants 14 584 men and 418 women who had participated in international military peacekeeping operations ending between 1990 and 2010. Interventions Participation in military peacekeeping operations. Main outcome Total and cause-specific mortality. Results 209 men and 3 women died after their peacekeeping service. The SMR for all-cause mortality was 0.55 (95% CI 0.48 to 0.62). For the male peacekeeping personnel, the SMR for all diseases was 0.44 (95% CI 0.35 to 0.53) and for accidental and violent deaths 0.69 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.82). The SMR for suicides was 0.71 (95% CI 0.53 to 0.92). Conclusions Even though military peacekeeping personnel are working in unique and often stressful conditions, their mortality after their service is lower compared with the general population. Military peacekeeping personnel appear to be a selected population group with low general mortality and no excess risk of any cause of death after peacekeeping service. PMID:27799241

  3. Civil Military Engagements Program: A Special Operations Solution to Threats Derived from Undergoverned Areas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    operate within the population—specifically, to address sociocultural factors by understanding the culture of the population. Army operations must consider...or campaign depends on the application of unique capabilities that are designed to fight and win population-centric conflicts. Sociocultural factors

  4. Menthol cigarette pricing at military and community retail outlets in the United States.

    PubMed

    Poston, Walker S C; Jahnke, Sara A; Haddock, Christopher K; Hyder, Melissa L; Taylor, Jennifer E; Lando, Harry A; Kaipust, Christopher M

    2012-09-01

    Cigarette prices at military exchanges historically have been discounted. DoD Instruction 1330.9 has mandated that prices be within 5% of the price offered in the local community since 2001. Because minorities are highly represented in the military, we determined whether menthol cigarette prices, the leading choice of African Americans, were compliant with the instruction. We collected, via telephone, menthol cigarette price data from 48 randomly selected US military installation exchanges and matched local area Walmarts. We collected prices after taxes to determine the cost to consumer. Newport was selected as the index brand for menthol cigarettes because it is the leading and second leading brand smoked by African Americans and by Hispanics, respectively and has the second overall highest market share in the US. Smokers purchasing menthols at exchanges would realize average savings of 22.78%. There were no significant differences in savings based on military service (F = 1.850, p = 0.152) or US Census Division (F = 1.226, p = 0.311: data not shown). In addition, not a single exchange price was compliant with the DoD instruction. Newport menthol cigarettes at military exchanges cost substantially less than the nearest Walmart, with an average savings of 23%. Our findings demonstrate that menthol cigarettes are substantially discounted on military installations, in a manner similar to other cigarette prices, and that DoD Instruction 1330.09 is not enforced.

  5. Menthol cigarette pricing at military and community retail outlets in the United States

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Cigarette prices at military exchanges historically have been discounted. DoD Instruction 1330.9 has mandated that prices be within 5% of the price offered in the local community since 2001. Because minorities are highly represented in the military, we determined whether menthol cigarette prices, the leading choice of African Americans, were compliant with the instruction. Methods We collected, via telephone, menthol cigarette price data from 48 randomly selected US military installation exchanges and matched local area Walmarts. We collected prices after taxes to determine the cost to consumer. Newport was selected as the index brand for menthol cigarettes because it is the leading and second leading brand smoked by African Americans and by Hispanics, respectively and has the second overall highest market share in the US. Results Smokers purchasing menthols at exchanges would realize average savings of 22.78%. There were no significant differences in savings based on military service (F = 1.850, p = 0.152) or US Census Division (F = 1.226, p = 0.311: data not shown). In addition, not a single exchange price was compliant with the DoD instruction. Conclusions Newport menthol cigarettes at military exchanges cost substantially less than the nearest Walmart, with an average savings of 23%. Our findings demonstrate that menthol cigarettes are substantially discounted on military installations, in a manner similar to other cigarette prices, and that DoD Instruction 1330.09 is not enforced. PMID:22938755

  6. Urban Operations, Untrained on Terrain.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-06-05

    MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE by ■’ PAULS. BURTON, MAX USA ^ .B.S., Arizona State University, 1985 Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Tt998 Approved for public...Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE by PAUL S...MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE Name of Candidate: MAJ Paul S. Burton Thesis Title: Urban Operations: Untrained on Terrain Approved

  7. [E-Training program for sterilization in isolated military operations areas: solution adopted by the French army].

    PubMed

    Rouault, Mederic; Vonesch, Marie-Audrey; Dussart, Claude

    2017-01-01

    French Army Health Service provides medical support for armed forces deployed on external missions.In order to ensure the same health care quality in the theatre and in the metropolis, the Military Health Service provides sterilization of reusable medical devices by its own means. Army pharmacists carrying out an on-site mission comes from different domains: medical biology laboratory, research, medical supplies, hospital pharmacy or yet pharmaceutical laboratory for some reservists. Training program for sterilization in isolated military operations areas is therefore necessary in order to ensure knowledge uniformity. Our study is organized in two parts: determination of the needs and of the adapted training modalities, then implementation of training itself. This training should be accessible to a geographically dispersed public whose levels of expertise in sterilization are disparate. The module «Préparation opérationnelle à la stérilisation en Opération Extérieure» carried out allows to update and standardize the knowledge of the deployed pharmacists. It is composed of 11 sub-modules covering the different aspects of sterilization during external missions. Assessment using multiple-choice questions (MCQ) is necessary to check the level of knowledge and to understanding at the end of the training. A 75% good response rate is requested to validate the training. Training content has been approved by the National referents for sterilization and it is already available on the e-learning platform of the École du Val de Grâce.

  8. The Study of Military History Through Commercial War Games: A Look at Operation Crusader with the Operational Art of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    infantry, armor, intelligence, engineer, aviation, quartermaster, and field artillery) who have never played The Operational Art of War, and an... field grade officers a year train on command-level decision making by using computer simulations at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC...infantry, engineer, intelligence, field artillery, and logistics and compare the modeling of key elements of the war game to historical accounts. The

  9. Characterization and Planning for Computer Network Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    operations, as stated in Joint doctrine [58], before military activities in the information environment can be accurately and effectively planned, the...and shared”. While doctrine 1According to the DoD Dictionary of Military Terms [60], MCOO is defined as “a joint intelligence preparation of the...battlespace product used to portray the effects of each battlespace dimension on military operations. It normally depicts militarily significant aspects of

  10. Balancing Operations Security and Openness: Understanding the Military/Media Relationship in the Modern Media Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-07

    was never judged based on its merits, but the district court judge, Oliver Gasch, said that he doubted whether the temporary ban on press 17 Aukofer...Craig Pyes of the “Crimes of War Project” and Kevin Sack of the Los Angeles Times on a Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha (ODA) operating...out of Gardez, Afghanistan in 2003. Pyes and Sack reported on two separate alleged murders of Afghan citizens detained by members of ODA 2021

  11. Applying Influence Diagrams to Support Collective C2 in Multinational Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    raised in the multinational CIMIC concepts, doctrine and lessons summarised in Appendices A to C are: • A coherent operational approach. A key...several members of the multinational force (such as intelligence gathering by talking with locals) but others may be conducted by one of the coalition...are summarised in the paper  UK  US  Canada  Netherlands Australian Army 2009, Adaptive Campaigning 09: Army’s Future Land Operating Concept

  12. Degraded Operational Environment: Integration of Social Network Infrastructure Concept in a Traditional Military C2 System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT Same as Report (SAR) 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 37 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT unclassified b...often degrading and limiting the functions of C2. The most interesting aspect is that the party who chooses to employ a town to defend himself...cultural factors that may affect the development of operational activities. C2 In this context, C2 is strongly affected by the new operating limits for

  13. Smokeless Tobacco Use in the United States Military: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Hunt, Yvonne M.; Augustson, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use represents an important target for intervention in the U.S. military population because it impairs “military readiness” and harms the health of the military. This paper aims to provide a systematic review of ST studies conducted in the U.S. military population in order to assess the content of existing ST research in this population, provide estimates of prevalence and clinically relevant use patterns, and discuss how these findings might be used to guide future ST research among this population. Methods: We reviewed articles published through December 2010 using PubMed and PsycINFO databases, Google Scholar, and any relevant articles’ reference lists. Inclusion criteria included focus on a U.S. military sample, English language, measured tobacco use, and ST prevalence was reported or could be calculated. To the extent possible, each article was coded for demographics, socioeconomic status, prevalence, amount, frequency, and length of use, and quit intentions/attempts. Results: Thirty-nine articles met criteria for inclusion. Less than half focused primarily on ST use among military personnel. The remaining studies measured ST use in the context of other behaviors. Findings related to clinically relevant behaviors included a need for more cohort and intervention studies, a better understanding of ST use in combination with cigarettes (i.e., concurrent use), and identifying risk factors for ST initiation and use. Discussion: ST use is prevalent among military personnel, as is concurrent use of cigarettes and ST. We provide a number of recommendations to guide future research in this important, yet understudied, area. PMID:22123789

  14. Smokeless tobacco use in the United States military: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Bergman, Hannah E; Hunt, Yvonne M; Augustson, Erik

    2012-05-01

    Smokeless tobacco (ST) use represents an important target for intervention in the U.S. military population because it impairs "military readiness" and harms the health of the military. This paper aims to provide a systematic review of ST studies conducted in the U.S. military population in order to assess the content of existing ST research in this population, provide estimates of prevalence and clinically relevant use patterns, and discuss how these findings might be used to guide future ST research among this population. We reviewed articles published through December 2010 using PubMed and PsycINFO databases, Google Scholar, and any relevant articles' reference lists. Inclusion criteria included focus on a U.S. military sample, English language, measured tobacco use, and ST prevalence was reported or could be calculated. To the extent possible, each article was coded for demographics, socioeconomic status, prevalence, amount, frequency, and length of use, and quit intentions/attempts. Thirty-nine articles met criteria for inclusion. Less than half focused primarily on ST use among military personnel. The remaining studies measured ST use in the context of other behaviors. Findings related to clinically relevant behaviors included a need for more cohort and intervention studies, a better understanding of ST use in combination with cigarettes (i.e., concurrent use), and identifying risk factors for ST initiation and use. ST use is prevalent among military personnel, as is concurrent use of cigarettes and ST. We provide a number of recommendations to guide future research in this important, yet understudied, area.

  15. Military Perspectives on Cyberpower

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    Zimet and Charles L. Barry Military cyberpower is the application of the domain of cyber- space to operational concepts to accomplish military objec...pable global backbone, unrestrained information sharing among com- mands, and truly interoperable networks wherein every authorized user can access...Special Operations Forces (SOF), and space forces performing missions around the world, and their supporting in- telligence networks. DOD divides

  16. Spin-adapted matrix product states and operators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keller, Sebastian; Reiher, Markus

    2016-04-01

    Matrix product states (MPSs) and matrix product operators (MPOs) allow an alternative formulation of the density matrix renormalization group algorithm introduced by White. Here, we describe how non-abelian spin symmetry can be exploited in MPSs and MPOs by virtue of the Wigner-Eckart theorem at the example of the spin-adapted quantum chemical Hamiltonian operator.

  17. Tuberculosis as a force health protection threat to the United States military.

    PubMed

    Sanchez, Jose L; Sanchez, Joyce L; Cooper, Michael J; Hiser, Michelle J; Mancuso, James D

    2015-03-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that poses a threat to force health protection to the U.S. military. The rate of TB disease in the military is low; however, there are unique challenges for its control in this setting. As a low-risk population, TB testing in the U.S. military can be scaled back from the universal testing approach used previously. Reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) present at accession into service is the most important factor leading to TB disease; therefore, its diagnosis and treatment among recruits should be given a high priority. Deployment and overseas military service is an uncommon but important source of TB infection, and rigorous surveillance should be ensured. Case management of TB disease and LTBI can be improved by the use of cohort reviews at the service and installation levels and case finding and delays in the diagnosis of TB disease can be improved by education of providers, as well as increased use of molecular diagnostic tests. Program outcomes can be improved by making LTBI treatment compulsory, offering shorter treatment regimens, and increasing accountability through oversight and evaluation. The diagnosis of LTBI can be improved by implementing targeted testing in all settings and reducing confirmatory interferon-gamma release assay testing. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  18. Maximally entangled mixed-state generation via local operations

    SciTech Connect

    Aiello, A.; Puentes, G.; Voigt, D.; Woerdman, J. P.

    2007-06-15

    We present a general theoretical method to generate maximally entangled mixed states of a pair of photons initially prepared in the singlet polarization state. This method requires only local operations upon a single photon of the pair and exploits spatial degrees of freedom to induce decoherence. We report also experimental confirmation of these theoretical results.

  19. Humans and Autonomy: Implications of Shared Decision Making for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-01-01

    and machine learning transparency are identified as future research opportunities. 15. SUBJECT TERMS autonomy, human factors, intelligent agents...relationship of humans to their machines (Economist, 2016). In particular, autonomous systems are being developed for a wide variety of civilian and... machines for autonomous and semi-autonomous weapon systems shall: (a) be readily understandable to trained operators, (b) provide traceable feedback

  20. ASP, Art and Science of Practice: Educating Military Operations Research Practitioners

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    Walter Kulzy, USN: Modeling and Evalu- ating Indigenous Populations’ Support for their Gov- ernment and Life Satisfaction . • Maj Michael Kevin Chankij...3,300 alumni worldwide. OR/MS Today 28(1):38–41. Washburn A (1996) The teachers’ forum: The operations analy- sis curriculum at the Naval