Science.gov

Sample records for states military operations

  1. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...equipped for combat. "The skills needed to feed hungry people in Africa or build tent cities for hurricane victims are different from the skills needed...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the

  2. Civil Military Cooperation for Counterterrorism Operations within the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that is not being utilized by...United States. The U.S. military, specifically Special Operations Forces, possesses a pool of talent in advanced counterterrorism operations that...examine and restructure the force allowing creativity to be applied to existing and older problems. The Army has created new and effective ideas when

  3. United States Special Operations Command Professional Military Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    Force Management and Development Division; Gap Analysis; Formal Documents; Command and Staff College ; Admiral William H. McRaven; Senior Officers...ACSC Air Command and Staff College ARSOF Army Special Operations Forces CAC Combined Arms Center CGSC Command and General Staff College CJCS...Corps Command and Staff College MCU Marine Corps University MCWAR Marine Corps War College MMS Master’s of Military Science NCR National Capital

  4. FOLLOW ME! Assisting United States Government Organizations Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-26

    Briem, Christopher, Joint is dead, what is next?, Proceedings of the United States Naval Institute, January 2004, Volume 130. Bronson , Rachel...20021101faessay99997/rachel- bronson /when- soldiers-become-cops.html. Building Security, Interagency Security Committee Has Had Limited Success in Fulfilling Its...Russell, Richard L. Tug of war: the CIA’s uneasy relationship with the military, SAIS Review, Summer/Fall 20023, volume 22. 72 Shapiro, Shlomo

  5. United States Military in Central Asia: Beyond Operation Enduring Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-23

    Malinowski , advocacy director for Human Rights Watch, stated, “the United States is most effective in promoting liberty around the world when people...26 U.S. President, The National Security Strategy of the United States of America, page? 27 Thomas Malinowski , “Testimony

  6. Operational Encirclements: Can the United States Military Decisively Follow Through?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-21

    Office, 1991. Heller, Charles E. and Stofft, William A. America’s First Battles, 1776-1965. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1986. Hooker ...is the secret of successful war.”12 Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson ...operation was planned and designed by General William Westmoreland as a spoiling attack against three NVA regiments in order to prevent a planned

  7. Authorities for Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups: The State of the Debate and Options for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    11. As of mid-2016, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) had been responsible for multiple terrorist attacks outside Iraq and Syria. It...Qaeda in Iraq AUMF authorization for the use of military force DoD U.S. Department of Defense H.J. Res. House joint resolution ISIL Islamic State of Iraq...and the Levant, also commonly known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) S.J. Res. Senate joint resolution 1 Authorities for Military

  8. Geo-Environmental Change and the United States Military: How History Can Inform Future Arctic Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Middle East and South Asia ,‖ in USWB, 13.3.1981, 12. 177 Bowman and Lefebvre, ―The Indian Ocean,‖ in Dowdy and Trood, 421. 178 Larry W. Bowman...U.S. interests in the region varied over time, however. According to Ashok Kapur, ―In Middle East and South Asia military crises (1967, 1971, and...to East Asia emerged either in the State Department or the military,‖ and (4) ―the rapid decline of interest among the American public once most US

  9. New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaff, N.

    2010-08-01

    The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

  10. The Implications of Network-Centric Warfare for United States and Multinational Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    impact of network-centric warfare on United States naval operations will be without conducting much more research and many more experiments. Until...recognizable as the same species it is today? Perhaps, but progress will be slow. As a result, the impact of NCW on the Navy between now and 2010...force deployments in the future will be associated with multinational operations.1 This paper will focus initially on the impact of NCW on United

  11. Contractors Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-30

    syndrome among contracting officers which has likewise been noted. The fielding of large numbers of on-site contract oversight personnel rather than... Clipper . By December 1941, the A.V.G. was preparing to move to Kunming, its base in China. Each squadron in the A.V.G. had at least twenty operational...to the inevitable and surrendered the atoll. Before the war, Wake Island was a refueling and rest stop for the Pan American clipper . For about

  12. The United States’ Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terror: A Military Revolution?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-21

    The issue of homeland security is one of the most important challenges facing our nation, and the decisions we make today about the strategy and......this process has been highly developmental. To that end, I would like to thank the United States Army and the Command and Staff College for making

  13. Learning from Our Military History: The United States Army, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and the Potential for Operational Art and Thinking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-14

    tradition in war and how it influences the way the US and the Army actually fights. In his book The American Way of War, historian Russell Weigley...CJTF-7.201 The US Army’s V Corps would assume command of CJTF-7 in May, with Lieutenant General (LTG) Ricardo Sanchez replacing LTG William Wallace as...unconstrained in the implementation of their 228James A. Russell , Innovation, Transformation, and War: Counterinsurgency Operations in Anbar and Ninewa

  14. Joint Doctrine for Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-02-08

    significant patient population differences, (e.g., normal military population , pediatric , and relative health status of the local population and environmental...authorities, and the general population , resources, and institutions in friendly, neutral, or hostile areas where their forces are employed in order to...reduce friction between the civilian population and the military force. The objective is to minimize interference with military operations by the

  15. Coordinating medical civil military operations in Multinational Division-North.

    PubMed

    Smyrski, John A; Rainey, McKinley; Roach, Shane; Stevens, Mark; Hernandez, Gloria; Vargo, Ruth

    2010-11-01

    Medical civil military operations (MCMO) are part of military civil capacity-building efforts within the full spectrum of military operations, from war to military operations other than war. In 2008-2009 during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Division Surgeon's Section (DSS) of the 25th Infantry Division (25ID) and Multinational Division-North developed an innovative MCMO program in northern Iraq. The program centered on understanding and mapping key relationships, empowering brigade-level programs, and leveraging technology to identify and share best practices. The DSS mapped the critical relationships within and between the three entities affecting MCMO: the government of Iraq (GOI), Department of State (DOS), and the Department of Defense (DOD). A division MCMO working group was then created along with processes to facilitate MCMO project execution and program management. The structure and organization of the 25ID MCMO program lend themselves to other operational environments requiring synchronization of medical capacity-building efforts.

  16. Civil Military Operations In Ecuador

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-01

    governments of Argentina , Chile, El Salvador, and Guatemala are examples of the application of the praetorian military mind in accordance with the... Argentina and Chile during the 1970s and 1980s, and Central America during the 1980s and 1990s. With the spread of democracy, respect for human rights...27 Harold A. Trinkunas, "Crafting Civilian Control in Argentina and Venezuela", in David Pion - Berlin, Civil Military Relations

  17. Military Implications of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    gentlemen with impressive credentials. Mr. Richard M. Connaughton was educated at Duke of York’s Royal Military School, at Sandhurst, and at St...and international relations. Mr. Connaughton is tile author of a number of publications on tile suhjcect of military security. The other panelist is Mr... Connaughton MY TASK IS TR) DISCUSS ASPECTS of Command. Cont011 and Coalition Operations. Coalition Operations as a plausiblc means of collective

  18. The Egyptian Military Elite: An Operational Code

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-09-01

    borneiof common experience and Cconn& social background; (2) Therq-mi-1it - seek the political universe in perpetual conflict-They--.>avJ will continue...elite has a common approach to decision making borne of common experience and common social background. 2) The Egyptian military sees the political... experience affects the military’s operational code. The historical analysis is divided into four time periods: 1955-61, 1961-67, 1967-73, 1973-75. The

  19. Peaceful Relations?: United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and the Military Relations between the United States and the People’s Republic of China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    blame for hindering U.S. and Chinese military relations is the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000, which established a limitation...on the authority of the Secretary of Defense regarding military interaction with China. Specifically, the act as signed by President Clinton states...transfers. 11. Release of classified or restricted information. 12. Access to a Department of Defense laboratory.15 The act includes two stated

  20. Military Contingency Operations: The Lessons of Political-Military Coordination

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1975-06-06

    of political-rntlitary coordination* case I studies of contingency force interventions, and comparative analysis of the interventions, fact~ors...srvey of the lIt erature of political-military coordination, case studies of contingency force Interventions, and comparative analysis of’ the...intervontions, factors fundamental to successful contln- gency operations are developed. The study finds that many contingency force opera- tions have

  1. Cultural intelligence support for military operations

    SciTech Connect

    Guthormsen, Amy M.; MacKerrow, Edward P; Merritt, Terence M; Morgart, Ruth E

    2010-04-08

    It has long been recognized that military success relies on knowledge of the enemy. In the context of standard warfare, adequate knowledge of the enemy may be gained by analyzing observable, measurable data. In the context of modern counterinsurgency operations and the global war on terror, the task of predicting the behavior of the enemy is vastly more complex and difficult. Without an understanding of the ways individuals in the host nation interpret and react to events, no amount of objective information can provide the insight required to accurately predict behavior. US military doctrine has begun to recognize the importance of the many ways that local culture can affect operation success. Increasingly military decision makers use cultural information in the service of operation planning, and troops are provided with pre-deployment cultural training. However, no amount of training can cover the breadth and depth of potentially useful cultural information, and no amount of careful planning can avoid the need to adapt as situations develop. Therefore, a critical challenge is to provide useful tools to US personnel in their efforts to collect, analyze, and utilize cultural information. Essential functions for cultural support tools include the following: (1) to narrow down a broad range of available data and focus the user's attention on context-relevant information, (2) to present cultural information in an easily understood form, (3) to prompt the user to seek relevant information in the environment, (4) to synthesize information, and (5) to predict outcomes based on possible courses of operation. In this paper, we begin by reviewing the ways in which military operations can benefit from cultural intelligence. We then discuss frameworks for analyzing cultural information in the context of a military operation. We conclude with a demonstration of our current efforts to develop a tool that meets the aforementioned functional challenges.

  2. Politico-Military Relations, a Basis for Military Interaction between Argentina and the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-06-15

    POLITICO -MILITARY RELATIONS, A BASIS FOR MILITARY INTERACTION BETWEEN ARGENTINA AND THE UNITED STATES N IN w Fn STRATEGY AND CAMPAIGN DEPARTMENT...FUNDING NUMBERS PROGRAM PROJECT TASK WORK UNIT ELEMENT NO NO NO ACCESSION NO 11 TITLE (Include Security Classificationi Politico -Military Relations, A...America. Politico -Military relations. civil-military relations, military coups. military to military relations. South American democracy -con- 𔄃

  3. Computational Linguistics in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    information dominance at the operational and tactical level of war in future warfare. Discussion: Mastering culture and language in a foreign country is decisive to understand the operational environment. In addition, the ability to understand and speak a foreign language is a prerequisite to achieve truly comprehension of an unfamiliar culture. Lasting operations in Afghanistan and Iraq and the necessity to breach the language gap lead to progress in the field of Machine Translation and the development of technical solutions to close the gap in the past decade. This paper

  4. The application of CRM to military operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cavanagh, Dale E.; Williams, Kenneth R.

    1987-01-01

    The detailed content of the CRM training component of the C-5 Aircrew Training System (ATS) was left to the discretion of the contractor. As a part of determining what the content should be, United Airlines Services Corporation has made an effort to understand how the needs of MAC crews compare with those of civilian airline crews. There are distinct similarities between the crew roles in the cockpits of civilian airliners and military air transports. Many of the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by civil and military crew members are comparable, hence much of the training in the field referred to as Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is equally appropriate to civil or military aircrews. At the same time, there are significant differences which require assessment to determine if modifications to what might be termed generic CRM are necessary. The investigation enabled the definition and specification of CRM training which is believed to address the needs of the C-5 operational community. The study has concentrated largely on military airlift, but the training objectives and course content of the CRM training are readily adaptable to a wider range of military cockpits than are found in strategic airlift. For instance, CRM training focusing on communication, leadership, situational awareness, and crew coordination is just as appropriate, with some modification, to the pilots manning a flight to Tactical Airlift Command A-7's as it is to the pilots, flight engineers, and loadmasters crewing a C-5.

  5. Operational Capabilities and Legal Implications of a Military Space Plane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Charania, A.

    2002-01-01

    The potential challenges for the United States military in this upcoming century may require new types of capabilities only achievable through the application of new technologies. One of these potential capabilities includes a Military Space Plane (MSP). An MSP is a concept to use reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technologies in a system to provide the military global access and reach in a timely fashion that could be operational within a decade. New awareness is evident from both recent federal commission reports and activities in Afghanistan of the military's possible use of such capabilities to provide asymmetric advantages. The MSP may eventually become part of a new spaceforce that coordinates the broad range of defensive and offensive space assets. In addition, a new emphasis is being placed upon NASA and the U.S. Air Force to coordinate activity on such a space plane/RLV development. The interaction of civilian and defense agencies for such a program has ramifications, not just in terms of the requirements on a final operational vehicle, but also on the legal charters of both entities. This examination presents operational scenarios for a military space plane in order to derive various legal implications.

  6. Military Police Operations and Counterinsurgency

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    for special access programs. , 3.10. Employs specialized investigative techniques to include forensic and t:>ehavioral sciencell and hypnosis . 3.11...for Forensic Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (polygraph) examinations. 3.13. Operates the U.S. Air Force Special Investigations Academy

  7. The Effectiveness of Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-01

    and the Pacific made the long-range heavy bomber the most promising means for coming directly to grips with those nations on their own territory and...approved further operations in the Mediterranean, the prospect of coming to grips with the German main forces appeared to be receding into the...double envelopment, the Zangenangriff ( pincers movement), the employment of two maneuver elements to encircle the enemy, replaced the hammer and the

  8. The United States Special Operations Command Civil Military Engagement Program - A Model for Military-Interagency Low Cost / Small Footprint Activities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-02

    institutional and educational initiatives. 15. SUBJECT TERMS United States public diplomacy, doctrine and strategy; Foreign Internal Defense; Building...through institutional and educational initiatives. The purpose of the CME Program is to develop 1...46 CHAPTER 5:…………………………………………………………………………….51 Recommendations……………………………………………………………………..51 Education and Training...………………………………………………………...51

  9. Medical supply on contingency military operations: experience from Operation GRITROCK.

    PubMed

    Robinson, J P; Reeves, P

    2015-01-01

    Medical supply during military operations has the ability to affect the efficacy of the operation being undertaken, either negatively or positively. An appropriately-managed maritime platform with a robust medical supply chain during transit and on arrival in theatre is the main aim. A secure supply chain will reduce any implications that logistics may have with regard to capability, and negate the effects of deficiencies of short shelf life items occurring over time and during use in high tempo operations.

  10. Maintain Stability Operations Capability During Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    hegemony. Rising states, primarily identified as the BRIC countries, (Brazil, Russia, India and China), but potentially including South Africa, Korea...occurred in cooperation and integration between departments and agency due to Secretary-level cooperation. Particularly innovative was then-Secretary...Without innovative solutions, current programming and training strategies will be hard-pressed to eliminate “preparation-execution” training gaps or

  11. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  12. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  13. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  14. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  15. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional...

  16. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-26

    16 Table 14. Operation Iraqi Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through...Freedom: Military Deaths , March 19, 2003, Through February 6, 2010 Casualty Type Totals Army Navya Marines Air Force Hostile 3,469 2,524 65 851 29...2 Table 2. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths

  17. Socioeconomic issues of United States military neurosurgery.

    PubMed

    Moquin, Ross R; Ecklund, James M

    2002-04-15

    Although the practice of neurosurgery in the United States (US) Armed Forces is in many ways similar to the civilian practice of neurosurgery, there are many differences as well. The unique challenges, duties, and opportunities US military neurosurgeons are given, both in peacetime and in times of conflict, are discussed, as are pathways for entering into service. The advantages of military service for neurosurgeons include sponsored training, decreased direct exposure to tort actions, little involvement with third-party payers, significant opportunities for travel, and military specific experiences. The most appealing aspect of military practice is serving fellow members of the US Armed Forces. Disadvantages include the extreme gap between the military and civilian pay scales, lack of support personnel, and in some areas low surgery-related case volume. The greatest concern faced by the military neurosurgical community is the failure to retain experienced neurosurgeons after their obligated service time has been completed, for which several possible solutions are described. It is hoped that future changes will make the practice of military neurosurgery attractive enough so that it will be seen as a career in itself and not an obligation to endure before starting practice in the "real world."

  18. 21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-01

    Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment 4 waveforms it radiates , techniques, or timing, within hours as what works and what does not work is...21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment JULY 2015 This page intentionally blank REPORT OF...THE DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD STUDY ON 21st Century Military Operations in a Complex Electromagnetic Environment July 2015 Office of the

  19. The Effect Terrorist Labels Have on Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-17

    Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited The Effect Terrorist Labels Have On Military Operations A Monograph by MAJ Leighton W...NOTES 14. ABSTRACT This research conducts an analysis of U.S. laws surrounding terrorism in order to assess the effects they have on military...STUDIES MONOGRAPH APPROVAL Major Leighton W. Anglin Title of Monograph: The Effect Terrorist Labels Have On Military Operations Approved by

  20. Effective monitoring and evaluation of military humanitarian medical operations.

    PubMed

    Waller, Stephen G; Powell, Clydette; Ward, Jane B; Riley, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Non-military government agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have made great strides in the evaluation of humanitarian medical work, and have learned valuable lessons regarding monitoring and evaluation (M&E) that may be equally as valuable to military medical personnel. We reviewed the recent literature by the worldwide humanitarian community regarding the art and science of M&E, with focus toward military applications. The successes and failures of past humanitarian efforts have resulted in prolific analyses. Alliances of NGOs set the standard for humanitarian quality and M&E standards. Military medical personnel can apply some of these standards to military humanitarian M&E in complex and stability operations. The authors believe that the NGO community?s M&E standards should be applied to improve evaluation of U.S. military medical humanitarian operations.

  1. Applying Culture to Military Operations: A Review of Foreign Militaries

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-04

    competency and therefore must be trained in basic media , communication , cultural and linguistic skills and specific in-country knowledge.” 26 But...ability to effectively communicate with and understand the cultures of coalition forces, international partners, and local populations.” 2 and the DoD...terms of beliefs, traditions, religions, and social norms. The challenge for militaries with defining culture is that the definition seems

  2. Medical civil-military operations: the deployed medical brigade's role in counterinsurgency operations.

    PubMed

    Bryan, Jeffrey; Miyamoto, Danelle; Holman, Vincent

    2008-01-01

    Medical civil-military operations are a critical combat multiplier directly supporting the counterinsurgency fight. Army Medical Department Soldiers support medical civil affairs activities at all levels from platoon to the United States Mission-Iraq (Department of State) initiatives enhancing the legitimacy of medical services in the Iraq Ministry of Health, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of the Interior, and Ministry of Justice. The civil-military operations mission of the deployed Task Force 62 Medical Brigade has also evolved into a broad mission encompassing over 120 contractors including Iraqi-American, Bilingual Bicultural Advisors-Subject Matter Experts serving as case management liaison officers and medical trainers, as well as Iraqi Advisor Task Force members providing medical atmospherics, assessments, training, and the overall management of Iraqi linguists supporting all level III medical facilities.

  3. Planning and operational considerations for units utilizing military working dogs.

    PubMed

    Royal, Joseph; Taylor, Charles L

    2009-01-01

    Military working dogs are rapidly becoming integral to military operations. While they bring many valuable capabilities to the battlefield, it is important that Special Operations leaders consider canine team capabilities and requirements when planning missions. Careful logistical and operational planning can optimize the health, performance, and readiness of the working dog while protecting the safety and well-being of the team members working with them. We also offer recommendations for medical treatment of dog bites.

  4. A review of recent American military space operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Day, Dwayne A.

    1993-12-01

    The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

  5. Operational Risk Management and Military Aviation Safety

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-09-01

    accidents has caused the leadership to seek to reduce its mishap rate. The Army’s Class A aviation mishap rate declined after it implemented risk management (RM...principles in 1987. This reduction caught the attention of Air Force leadership who have since stated that the application of operational risk ... management (ORM) is how the Air Force will reduce, even eliminate, mishaps. With current budget constraints, ORM is considered to be the most cost

  6. An innovative medical civil-military operation training program.

    PubMed

    Lougee, Douglas; Kemmer, Teresa M; Lynch, Julia

    2007-02-01

    The San Antonio Military Pediatric Center has developed an innovative humanitarian civic assistance (HCA) program. Many medical HCA programs focus on short-term medical interventions and provide transient benefit. To have a more lasting impact, this program focuses on public health surveillance. U.S. military medics conduct random household nutritional surveys and train in austere settings and on rounds in Honduran hospitals. Since 2001, >200 military medics have been trained in population assessment, primary medical care in developing nations, and other skills critical for medical civil-military operations. All activities are coordinated with the host nation. Public health data are collected and reported to Honduran public health leaders, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and nongovernmental organizations, to assist with program and policy development. This innovative project is a potential model to improve both military training and host nation benefit from HCA programs.

  7. [The current state and development prospectives of military nephrology].

    PubMed

    Nagibovich, O A; Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B

    2014-05-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of military nephrology. Using as examples the nephrology services of the armed forces of Serbia, France, Great Britain and USA it is shown that this branch of military healthcare plays an important role abroad. The brief review of military nephrology formation and development history demonstrates the growing significance of military nephrology in the general system of medical care at the battlefield.

  8. Gender and Diversity in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-02-09

    society.23 In Jordan, Her Royal Highness Princess Aisha bint Al Faisal is the head of the Directorate of Military Women’s Affairs. Such role models like...23 Ibid. 24 HRH Princess Aisha bint Al Faisal sister of present HRH King Abdullah of Jordan; she is a Sandhurst graduate and got the rank of BG. 25

  9. Family stress and posttraumatic stress: the impact of military operations on military health care providers.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Susanne W; Barnett, Scott D; Hickling, Edward J

    2012-08-01

    This study uses data from the 2005 Department of Defense Survey of Health-Related Behaviors Among Military Personnel to examine relationships between family stress and posttraumatic stress symptoms across 4 subgroups of Operation Iraqi Freedom-deployed (i.e., war in Iraq) or Operation Enduring Freedom-deployed (i.e., war in Afghanistan) active-duty military service members. Results suggest the following: (a) the greatest positive correlation of family stressors with posttraumatic stress symptoms was found within the military health care officer group, and (b) these military health care officers differed in family stressors mediating posttraumatic stress with divorce and financial problems accounting for significant and unique portions of the variance. Implications for care of service members and their families are discussed.

  10. Stability operations and the implications for military health services support.

    PubMed

    Bricknell, M C M; Hanhart, N

    2007-03-01

    This paper examines the implications of the new military campaign type--Stability Operations--on military health service support. The paper uses the format of the medical estimate process and shows how the health service support planning factors of Mission Analysis; Ground; Enemy forces; Friendly forces; Time and Space; Security; Casualty Estimate; Medical Command, Control, Communication, Computers and Information (C4I); Medical Capabilities; Medical Force Protection; Medical Logistics; and Medical CBRN are affected by this change. The paper also identifies two new roles for military medical services, assistance to security sector reform and assistance to reconstruction and development. These two new roles will be discussed more fully in later papers.

  11. Joint Task Force-Bravo: A Case Study in Military Operations Other Than War.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Pheasant , was initiated. The United States military elements along with their Honduran allies were in positions within thirty-six hours of the...Second, multinational exercises are effective as foreign deterrence options. Big Pine II and Operation Golden Pheasant produced diplomatic, social

  12. EU Civil-Military Cell: Useful Model for Joint/Interagency Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-22

    facilities provided by one of the five Operation Headquarters (OHQs) currently available in European Member States. These are: the French OHQ in Mont ...security-defence/capabilities/eu-civilian-and-military- capability-development?lang=en (accessed January 20, 2012). 3 Carmen Gebhard, “The

  13. Seizing the Digital High Ground: Military Operations and Politics in the Social Media Era

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-13

    technological evolution, its impact on crowd behaviour, and using case studies of the Arab Spring and Islamic State, this thesis argues that unless there...Information Revolution, Islamic State, IS, ISIS, ISIL, Arab Spring, Military Operations, Crowd Behaviour 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF...using case studies of the Arab Spring and Islamic State, this thesis argues that unless there is a vastly improved understanding of the utility of

  14. Malaria prevention and control in the United States military.

    PubMed

    Robert, L L

    2001-01-01

    Malaria continues to be a serious threat to deployed military forces in many areas of the World. United States experiences during, and lessons learned from, World War II, Viet Nam, and Somalia have significantly changed the way that military planners, medical and preventive medicine personnel are facing the malaria challenge. Currently, the US military has a powerful arsenal of educational courses and materials, personal protective measures, and malaria surveillance and control techniques in place to fight malaria. These new tools will hopefully reduce malaria morbidity and mortality during military deployments in the future.

  15. Traditional Military Operations: A Legitimate Policy Alternative to Covert Action

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army...fulfillment of the requirements of the Senior Service College fellowship. The views expressed in this student academic research paper are those of the...requirements of traditional military operations. For the purposes of this paper, clandestine and unacknowledged operations will be used interchangeably . The

  16. United States military strategy in the Persian Gulf. Study project

    SciTech Connect

    Whitehead, E.E.

    1989-03-27

    The importance of Persian Gulf oil, in the context of United States national security has been demonstrated in recent political, economic, and military terms. Substantial United States military resources have been devoted to maintain national security interests in the Persian Gulf region. This paper analyzes the United States military strategy designed to insure the US and its allies continued access to Persian Gulf oil and to suggest alternatives for possible improvement. Although the focus is on US military strategy in the Persian Gulf, it also covers others aspects of US national security policy and strategy. US military policy in the Persian Gulf is derived from a complex process that inextricably links the elements of national strategy with the elements of national power. Conclusions about US policy and strategy in the Persian Gulf that are properly focused and logical require an understanding of US interests and their priorities; US strategies and their feasibility; plus US capabilities and their limitations.

  17. Negotiating Race: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    against ethnic groups face a daunting dilemma : the state demands military service but mistrusts certain ethnicities. Some militaries brutalize......groups” are a distinct category of the population with a culture different from that of the larger society, with its members bound together by common

  18. United States Strategic Military Access in Northeast Africa.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-12-01

    STATES STRATEGIC MILITARY ACCESS IN NORTHEAST AFRICA * by CD Harold L. Bakken L.J December 1984 Thesis Advisor: M. W. Clough * Approved for public release...ACCESSION NO. 3 RECIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER 4. TITLE (..nd Subtitlej S TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED United States Strategic Military Access Master’s Thesis ...the state of israel and other important friendly nations in the region. 3. To check the spread of Soviet influence in this strategic region and, by

  19. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.

    2009-01-01

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  20. Recent Military Operations on Urban Terrain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-07-01

    conduct of operations, innovations, and outcomes are described for each case, and findings about weapons, tactics and C3 noted. Maps and phutographs are...conclusions that might be drawn from each and from the two taken together. The sources of information for this study are interviews conducted in...AAA antiaircraft artillery (same as AA gun) APC armored personnel carrier AT antitank ATGM antitank guided missile bde brigade bn battalion C command

  1. Environmental Assessment Reserve Military Operations Area

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-12-01

    MOA) in Catron County of west New Mexico for supersonic operations. The 49th Tactical Fighter Wing (TFW) at Holloman Air Force Base (AFB), New Mexico...MOA/ATCAA). The Reserve MOA is located in Catron County in west New Mexico. The Air Force also proposes to grant permanent authority for supersonic...25 111-4 Principle Vegetation Types in New Mexico .. ......... ... 28 111-5 Historical and Projected Population Growth, Catron County , New

  2. 75 FR 60159 - Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Determination Concerning the Bolivian Military and Police Under the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and... police personnel who have been credibly alleged to have violated internationally recognized human...

  3. [Current state and prospects of military personnel health monitoring].

    PubMed

    Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V

    2014-01-01

    The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.

  4. Sharing of Intelligence in Future Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    robust intelligence cell with capacity for cultura analysis, interrogation techniques and language skills. At company level there will also be a...War College, 1998. Coram, Robert, Boyd – The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War, United States of America: Little Brown and Company, 2002...Littlefield Publishers Inc, 2005. Rekkedal, Nils M., Moderne Krigskunst (English transl: Modern Art of War), Oslo, Norway: Forsvarets Stabsskole

  5. Outsourcing Small Wars: Expanding the Role of Private Military Companies in U.S. Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    lost less than twenty personel . However, the cease-fire agreement required that EO leave Sierra Leone. Ninety-five days after EO’s departure, the...military involvement. Although there were some U.S. agents among the Brigade, there were not enough of them, and the planned naval support was only limited...During the course of planning for the operation, noted Kennedy Administration historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr. noted that “somehow the idea took

  6. Civil-Military Relations: From Vietnam to Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    jaded towards their services best interest.60 The next revision, The Defense Reorganization Act of 1958, initiated during the Eisenhower...crisis with the military was the Bay of Pigs fiasco.97 The operation which had been approved for planning and preparation by the Eisenhower...WWII as a statistician, teaching them the benefits statistical analysis. Also, more recently, the Bay of Pigs had shaped his strategic outlook.131

  7. Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-2-0043 TITLE: Lumbar Spine Musculoskeletal Physiology and Biomechanics During Simulated Military Operations PRINCIPAL...muscle physiology and lumbar spine kinematics data we have collected to date. We currently have three manuscripts in preparation for this study...Evaluation of SEAL Delivery Vehicles Unit Level Training The primary aim of this project is to describe the physiological , physical, cognitive and sleep

  8. An Augmented Reality System for Military Operations in Urban Terrain

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-12-05

    24061 ABSTRACT Many future military operations are expected to occur in urban environments. These complex, 3D battlefields intro- duce many...from ISIM, France, and an M.S. in computer science in 1999 from the University of Central Florida. His research interests are in computer graphics, 3D ...information needed and reduce it to a minimum during high-stress situations. The Shared Information Database The system contains a detailed 3D

  9. Are We Winning? A Brief History of Military Operations Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    objectives in Vietnam. While this effort represented a highly innovative approach to a very difficult problem , the process proved highly unreliable as...learned from operations assessment history and apply them to the development of processes that avoid the problems of the past and anticipate future...Research in War and 2 doctrine defines OR as “the analytical study of military problems undertaken to provide responsible commanders and

  10. Fatigue in Military Operational Environments: An Annotated Bibliography

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-07-01

    Office Soldier, SFAE-SDR, 5901 Putnam Road, Bldg. 328, Ft. Belvoir, VA 22060-5422. Reproduction of all or part of this report is authorized...During the operation there was an extensive use of hypnotics (temazepam) by air crews. The workload was depending on aircraft type and mission...countermeasures. Various components of the U.S. military have authorized the use of specific compounds for this purpose. Hypnotics such as temazepam

  11. Personnel Security during Joint Operations with Foreign Military Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    century society into the twenty-first century encounters a number of obstacles. Illiteracy and innumeracy rates are high, and repressive social values are...Operations with Foreign Military Forces Feature quickly degraded into executions for social infractions like blasphemy. Repression soon followed, and the...is functionally illiterate, how do we expect to close this gap without a massive education program to support it? Miscommunication is the breeding

  12. The Sun as a Non-state Actor: The Implications on Military Operations and Theater Security of a Catastrophic Space Weather Event

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-03

    ionospheric (the ionosphere can be considered the top of the atmosphere for the purposes of this paper) density caused by geomagnetic storms can...prior to arriving at your eye (sensor). Geomagnetic storms likewise distort signals traveling through the ionosphere . Positions derived from Global...since 1976 10 3. Solar Activity during Operation DESERT STORM 11 iv Abstract Modern society relies heavily on robust

  13. Toxoplasmosis in military personnel involved in jungle operations.

    PubMed

    Gómez-Marín, Jorge Enrique; de-la-Torre, Alejandra; Barrios, Patricia; Cardona, Nestor; Álvarez, Catalina; Herrera, Claudia

    2012-04-01

    Tropical diseases, mainly leishmaniasis and malaria, increased among Colombian military personnel due to intensive operations in the jungle in the last ten years; as a result the Colombian army developed important preventive strategies for malaria and leishmaniasis. However, no knowledge exists about toxoplasmosis, an emergent disease in military personnel. We compared the prevalence of IgG anti-Toxoplasma antibodies by ELISA and of parasitaemia by a real time PCR assay, in 500 professional soldiers that operated in the jungle with a group of 501 soldiers working in an urban zone (Bogotá). We found that the prevalence was significantly different between both groups of soldiers (80% in soldiers operating in jungle vs. 45% in urban soldiers, adjusted OR 11.4; CI 95%: 3.8-34; p<0.0001). All soldiers operating in the jungle drink unboiled and chlorine untreated lake or river water. In urban soldiers, these risk factors along with eating wild animal meat or eating tigrillo (little spotted cat) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence. Characteristic toxoplasmic choriorretinal lesions were found in 4 soldiers that operated in the jungle (0.8%) and in one urban soldier (0.19%). All soldiers before being deployed in jungle operations should be tested for Toxoplasma antibodies and to receive adequate health information about the routine use of personnel filters to purify their water for consumption.

  14. Military Police Brigade, Operational Art, and the Army Operating Concept 2016-2028

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-19

    Security, “800th Military Police Brigade ( EPW ) (USAR).” 35 U.S. Army Forces, Far East Command, General Headquarters, The Provost Marshal’s History...Personnel Recovered from the Enemy. Summary of EPW in ETO 1945, Washington, D.C.: War Department, 1945. Headquarters, 7th United States Army...Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, 2008. Global Security. 800th Military Police Brigade ( EPW ) (USAR). April 12, 2007. http

  15. Developing a pharmaceutical formulary for joint military medical operations.

    PubMed

    Caouette, Marc L

    2005-02-01

    This article describes the development of a standardized formulary for medical contingency operations for any theater of operations. The article compares peacetime health care systems within the Department of Defense and the formulary systems developed and used within the fixed facility environment with Department of Defense contingency health care operations systems and the complications encountered while attempting formulary development for the deployed environment. Despite great difficulties, the Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board developed, published, and marketed a jointly approved, standardized, modernized formulary to assist forces deploying for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. The process used by the Joint Readiness Clinical Advisory Board during formulary development is described in detail, giving readers an understanding of the foundations of the Joint Deployment Formulary. The military departments will experience the benefits of enhanced supply chain predictability and responsiveness, increased clinician satisfaction, and improved patient safety and health care quality by implementing the Joint Deployment Formulary for their forces engaged in contingency operations.

  16. Facilitation of evidence-based nursing practice during military operations.

    PubMed

    Bridges, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The translation of research to clinical practice and health decision making is challenging. Under military operational conditions (e.g., the provision of care in the field), translation may be even more challenging. Two barriers that limit the use of evidence to guide practice, which are particularly germane under operational conditions, are conflicting or absent research results specific to the population of interest and relevant studies not being compiled in one place (Titler, 2007; Titler & Everett, 2001). The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Knowledge Transfer Framework (Nieva et al.,2005) provides a structure to facilitate evidence translation and to overcome these barriers. This article summarizes one aspect of a program of operational nursing research supported by the TriService Nursing Research Program, which exemplifies the three stages of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality framework.

  17. An introduction to the special section on U.S. military operations: effects on military members' partners and children.

    PubMed

    Kelley, Michelle L; Jouriles, Ernest N

    2011-08-01

    The deployment of U.S. military personnel to global hot spots, whether as combatants or as peacekeepers, has increased attention to the psychological well-being of military personnel and their family members. Despite the growing awareness that deployments have reverberating effects on all family members, theoretical explanations and empirical research on the impact of deployment on couple, family, and child adjustment, factors that serve to protect families from the demands of military employment, and effective methods of treating the mental health needs of military families are needed. The seven papers in this section increase our understanding of how the demands of U.S. military operations impact couples, family functioning, parenting, and child psychological adjustment and provide an additional resource for mental health professionals who work with these families.

  18. Gunshot Wounds in Military Working Dogs in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom: 29 cases (2003-2009)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    severity at the time of presentation to veterinary care was not correlated with length of time until return to duty. (J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2013; 23(1...action MWD Military Working Dogs OEF Operation Enduring Freedom OIF Operation Iraqi Freedom RTD Return to duty time TACEVAC tactical evacuation TCCC...Tactical Combat Casualty Care WIA wounded in action Introduction Military Working Dogs (MWDs) have been used exten- sively in current military areas of

  19. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... and direct the installation law enforcement officer to pursue reciprocity with state or host nation... formal military reciprocity, the procedures below will be adopted: (1) Commanders will recognize official... agreement concerning reciprocity may be permitted at a particular overseas installation, the commander...

  20. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... and direct the installation law enforcement officer to pursue reciprocity with state or host nation... formal military reciprocity, the procedures below will be adopted: (1) Commanders will recognize official... agreement concerning reciprocity may be permitted at a particular overseas installation, the commander...

  1. Affordable Housing for Military Families: State/Federal Inducement Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-04-01

    14 THE FEDERAL LOW INCOME HOUSING TAX CREDIT AND MILITARY FAMILY ELIGIBILITY...29 Investors ...................................... 29 Financing Low Income Housing Projects With the Tax Credit ......................... 30 Pro...SUMMARY Prov-ding decent housing for low income families is a perennial problem for public policy in the United States. The Federal government has

  2. Operational military helicopter interior noise and vibration measurements with comparisons to ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    Balka (1981) has identified the attainment of a 'jet-smooth' ride as a primary goal of the helicopter industry for commercial and certain military helicopters. It was noted that criteria accounting for both multiple axis vibration and interior noise are needed. The present investigation has the objective to present a vibration and interior noise data base in a format suitable for direct evaluation of aircraft ride quality. The investigation is also concerned with an assessment of the measured environment against available criteria as an indication of the state-of-the-art for current machines. Interior noise and vibration measurements were obtained on eight military helicopters during routine operational flights. The data are presented in the form of a number of parameters.

  3. Global Military Operating Environments (GMOE) Phase I: Linking Natural Environments, International Security, and Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-30

    ScanStation™ II at the 2C fan in the Cibola Range, YPG. .................................... 44 Figure 32. (A) Photomosaic of the cobbly alluvial terrace... alluvial fan surface with a well‐developed desert pavement and thick dust cap, severely disturbed by human activities; 4) a gravel road surface with a...Regmi, N.R., McDonald, E., and Bacon, S., 2013, Mapping Quaternary Alluvial Fans in the Southwestern United States based on Multi‐Parameter Surface

  4. 76 FR 41490 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-14

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... States Military Academy, Office of the Secretary of the General Staff (MASG), 646 Swift Road, West...

  5. 76 FR 60816 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States Military Academy,...

  6. 76 FR 5143 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2011 Organizational Meeting of the USMA Board of... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date: Wednesday, February 16, 2011. ] 3. Time: 12...

  7. 77 FR 58529 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States Military Academy,...

  8. 78 FR 60266 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States Military Academy,...

  9. 78 FR 13030 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... (DFO) at: United States Military Academy, Office of the Secretary of the General Staff (MASG),...

  10. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC .............. Army Military Personnel Center AR...must train. The Army Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to

  11. State Energy Program Operations Manual

    SciTech Connect

    Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs

    1999-03-17

    The State Energy Program Operations Manual is a reference tool for the states and the program officials at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs and Regional Support Offices as well as State Energy Offices. The Manual contains information needed to apply for and administer the State Energy Program, including program history, application rules and requirements, and program administration and monitoring requirements.

  12. MARO - Mass Atrocity Response Operations: A Military Planning Handbook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    innovative dimension was the creation of a standing body of retired and active duty military planners to provide pro- fessional horsepower for thinking...The strategic guidance should provide clarity with respect to ac- tions taken against the host nation’s government or its military (if they are...services, develop infrastructure, and foster economic growth. Military plans usually are phased, based on anticipated activities or condi- tions. Although

  13. United States Military Posture for FY 1989.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    modernized munitions while M-1 ABRAMS MAIN BATTLE TANK 9.. LVTP-7 TRACKED LANDING VEHICLES t working toward an interim goal of 40 tactical fighter replace...Command and Control System in industrial expansion and modernization, enable the Study . The United States and its NATO allies are United States to...rorism and the isolation/elimination of IsraeL. Much world and, consequently, to the security of the United work remains to establish a climate in the

  14. 77 FR 31339 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... provide the Board updates on the following: Physical, Moral/Ethical and Military Programs, to...

  15. 75 FR 20827 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of... provide the Board updates on the following: Military Program, Physical Program, Intercollegiate...

  16. 78 FR 32241 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA); Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA); Meeting AGENCY: Department... Committee: United States Military Academy Board of Visitors. 2. Date: Wednesday, June 19, 2013. 3. Time: 2 p... provide the Board updates on the following: Graduation 2013, Class of 2017, Military Program...

  17. 78 FR 65977 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will not take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board... of appropriations, the Department of Defense cancelled the meeting of the U.S. Military Academy...

  18. Blending the Battlefield: An Analysis of Using Private Military Companies To Support Military Operations In Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    theater of military operations” ( Kidwell , 2005:29). More recently, there has been an escalation in the use of civilians to augment military troops on... Kidwell expands upon the types of services provided by including “construction, security, training, maintenance of facilities and equipment, logistical...

  19. Experimental Setup to Assess Blast and Penetration-Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-11-01

    in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment by Paul S Duvall Approved for public release; distribution...Research Laboratory Experimental Setup to Assess Blast and Penetration-Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain...Induced Secondary Debris in a Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) Environment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM

  20. Digitization and The Commander: Planning and Executing Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Louis Caldera and Eric Shinseki, “Army Vision,” Military Review, Sept- Oct 2000, pages 3-5. Available at http://www.cgsc.army.mil/MilRev. 40 O’Hanlon...Barnaby, Frank. The Automated Battlefield. New York: The Free Press, 1986. Caldera , Louis and Eric Shinseki. “Army Vision.” Military Review

  1. Coup d’Oeil: Military Geography and the Operational Level of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-16

    17566 School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command. and General Staff College SFort Leavenworth, Kansas Second Term 90-91 Approved...ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) 6a. NAME OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION |6b. OFFICE SYMBOL 7a. NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION School of Advanced Military I...lsed until exhauited. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE All other~editir,ns are obsolete. URCLASSIFIT UNCLASSIFIED SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

  2. Adolescent Well-Being in Washington State Military Families

    PubMed Central

    Reed, Sarah C.; Edwards, Todd C.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives. We examined associations between parental military service and adolescent well-being. Methods. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in public school grades 8, 10, and 12 (n = 10 606). We conducted multivariable logistic regression analyses to test associations between parental military service and adolescent well-being (quality of life, depressed mood, thoughts of suicide). Results. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting thoughts of suicide among adolescent girls (odds ratio [OR] = 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.19, 2.32) and higher odds of low quality of life (OR = 2.10; 95% CI = 1.43, 3.10) and thoughts of suicide (OR = 1.75; 95% CI = 1.15, 2.67) among adolescent boys. In 10th and 12th grades, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting low quality of life (OR = 2.74; 95% CI = 1.79, 4.20), depressed mood (OR = 1.50; 95% CI = 1.02, 2.20), and thoughts of suicide (OR = 1.64; 95% CI = 1.13, 2.38) among adolescent boys. Conclusions. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of impaired well-being among adolescents, especially adolescent boys. Military, school-based, and public health professionals have a unique opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to improve the well-being of adolescents in military families. PMID:21778477

  3. Soldiers Working Internationally: Impacts of Masculinity, Military Culture, and Operational Stress on Cross-Cultural Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keats, Patrice A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the ramifications of masculinized military culture and operational stress on cross-cultural adaptation. The author examines how characteristics of military culture may obstruct effective cross-cultural adaptation by promoting a hypermasculinity that tends to oppose effective management of trauma, and thereby suppresses skills…

  4. Army Special Operations Forces Professional Military Education for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Battalion SR Special Reconnaissance TSOC Theater Special Operations Command TTP Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures USASOC United States Army... SR ) • Unconventional Warfare (UW) • Foreign Internal Defense (FID) • Civil Affairs Operations (CA) • Counterterrorism (CT) • Psychological...SF, created us specifically to conduct SR , UW, and FID missions. A look at our history helps make my point and adds some academic rigor to my

  5. Success in Kashmir: a positive trend in civil-military integration during humanitarian assistance operations.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Wiley C

    2010-01-01

    The modern cast of disaster relief actors includes host nations, non-governmental organisations, private volunteer organisations, military organisations and others. Each group, civilian or military, has valuable skills and experiences critical to disaster relief work. The goal of this paper is to supplement the study of civil-military relief efforts with contemporary anecdotal experience. The paper examines the interaction between US military forces and other disaster relief actors during the 2005 Kashmir earthquake relief effort. The author uses direct observations made while working in Pakistan to contrast the relationships and activities from that effort with other accounts in prevailing scholarly disaster literature and military doctrine. Finally, this paper suggests that the Kashmir model of integration, coordination and transparency of intent creates a framework in which future humanitarian assistance operations could be successfully executed. Recommendations to improve civil-military interaction in future relief efforts will also be addressed.

  6. The expanding role of military entomologists in stability and counterinsurgency operations.

    PubMed

    Robert, Leon L; Rankin, Steven E

    2011-01-01

    Military entomologists function as part of medical civil-military operations and are an essential combat multiplier direction supporting COIN operations. They not only directly support US and coalition military forces by performing their traditional wartime mission of protecting personnel from vector-borne and rodent-borne diseases but also enhance the legitimacy of medical services by the host nation government such as controlling diseases promulgated by food, water, vectors, and rodents. These unique COIN missions demand a new skill set required of military entomologists that are not learned from existing training courses and programs. New training opportunities must be afforded military entomologists to familiarize them with how to interact with and synergize the efforts of host nation assets, other governmental agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international military partners. Teamwork with previously unfamiliar groups and organizations is an essential component of working in the COIN environment and can present unfamiliar tasks for entomologists. This training should start with initial entry training and be a continual process throughout a military entomologist's career. Current COIN operations require greater tactical and operational flexibility and diverse entomological expertise. The skills required for today's full spectrum medical operations are different from those of the past. Counterinsurgency medical operations demand greater agility, rapid task-switching, and the ability to adequately address unfamiliar situations and challenges.

  7. United States military casualty comparison during the Persian Gulf War.

    PubMed

    Helmkamp, J C

    1994-06-01

    The United States undertook an extensive mobilization of military forces in Southwest Asia after the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq in August 1990. With this massive buildup and the short duration of the Persian Gulf War, an epidemiological comparison of military casualties was of interest. Information extracted from the Worldwide Casualty System maintained by the Department of Defense was used to describe the casualties. Of the 219 (212 men and 7 women) US casualties, 154 were killed in battle and 65 died from nonbattle causes. Thirty-five of the battle deaths were a result of friendly fire. Eighty-three percent of all casualties were white and the mean age at death for all casualties was 26.9 years. The Army had the highest proportion of both battle (58%) and nonbattle (71%) casualties and the Marine Corps had the highest battle casualty rate (0.52 per 1000 personnel) and nonbattle casualty rate (0.31).

  8. Emissions from Open Burning of Simulated Military Waste from Forward Operating Bases

    EPA Science Inventory

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenar...

  9. Outsourcing, Managing, Supervising, and Regulating Private Military Companies in Contingency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    2. 2 Ibid. 3 Ibid. 4 Todd S. Milliard, “Overcoming Post Colonial Myopia : A Call to Recognize and Regulate Private Military Companies,” Master’s...instance, PMCs can be quickly mobilized and demobilized, and they may free up military personnel to focus on offensive combat operations.62 However...organizations seek to operate in a predictable environment, where uncertainty is low. Uncertainty brings about institutional myopia and

  10. Operation Slipper: The Australian Defence Force and Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-21

    specified area of operations is increasing exponentially . Although the rise in the reliance of private military contractors is not a new phenomenon, the...a specified area of operations is increasing exponentially . Although the rise in the reliance of private military contractors is not a new...analyze the causes of the growth of PMCs during the late 20th century and early 21st century US experience by relying on the demand for and supply of

  11. Evaluation of Extended-Wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-07-01

    1 AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-1-0254 TITLE: Evaluation of Extended-wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use PRINCIPAL...DATES COVERED 01 July 2015 – 30 June 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Evaluation of Extended-wear Hearing Aid Technology for Operational Military Use 5a...research effort is to determine the potential viability of the Lyric device both as a deployable hearing aid for Service Members with existing hearing

  12. Emotional ambivalence and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers during military operations

    PubMed Central

    Jerg-Bretzke, Lucia; Walter, Steffen; Limbrecht-Ecklundt, Kerstin; Traue, Harald C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This pilot study examined the extent to which a specific mechanism of emotion regulation – namely, ambivalence concerning the expressiveness of German soldiers’ emotions – affects the severity of PTSD symptoms after a military operation. Methodology: A survey was conducted at three points in time among 66 soldiers deployed on military crisis operations. The Harvard Trauma Questionaire (HTQ), the Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness Questionnaire (AEQ-G18), and a questionnaire on the particular stress of German soldiers during military operations were used. Results: The study showed a significant correlation between emotional ambivalence and traumatization. Furthermore, it was shown that the subjective stress of soldiers leading up to deployment is more pronounced when emotional ambivalence is stronger in the context of military operations. This particular stress is greater before and during the military operation than after. Compared to a male control sample, the average AEQ-G18 scores of the soldier sample examined here are considerably lower. Conclusion: This pilot study clearly indicates that the AEQ-G18 could be a suitable predictor of the psychological burden on soldiers. The correlations between emotional ambivalence on the one hand and the particular and post-traumatic stressors on the other hand are not only statistically significant in the present pilot study, but may also be relevant as risk factors. It is, therefore, necessary to conduct more extensive studies on soldiers participating in military operations to verify the results of this pilot study. PMID:23798980

  13. Operational Physical Performance and Fitness in Military Women: Physiological, Musculoskeletal Injury, and Optimized Physical Training Considerations for Successfully Integrating Women Into Combat-Centric Military Occupations.

    PubMed

    Nindl, Bradley C; Jones, Bruce H; Van Arsdale, Stephanie J; Kelly, Karen; Kraemer, William J

    2016-01-01

    This article summarizes presentations from a 2014 United States Department of Defense (DoD) Health Affairs Women in Combat symposium addressing physiological, musculoskeletal injury, and optimized physical training considerations from the operational physical performance section. The symposium was held to provide a state-of-the-science meeting on the U.S. DoD's rescinding of the ground combat exclusion policy opening up combat-centric occupations to women. Physiological, metabolic, body composition, bone density, cardiorespiratory fitness, and thermoregulation differences between men and women were briefly reviewed. Injury epidemiological data are presented within military training and operational environments demonstrating women to be at a higher risk for musculoskeletal injuries than men. Physical training considerations for improved muscle strength and power, occupational task performance, load carriage were also reviewed. Particular focus of this article was given to translating physiological and epidemiological findings from the literature on these topics toward actionable guidance and policy recommendations for military leaders responsible for military physical training doctrine: (1) inclusion of resistance training with special emphasis on strength and power development (i.e., activation of high-threshold motor units and recruitment of type II high-force muscle fibers), upper-body strength development, and heavy load carriage, (2) moving away from "field expediency" as the major criteria for determining military physical training policy and training implementation, (3) improvement of load carriage ability with emphasis placed on specific load carriage task performance, combined with both resistance and endurance training, and (4) providing greater equipment resources, coaching assets, and increased training time dedicated to physical readiness training.

  14. Assessing Climate Change Impacts for Military Installations in the Southwest United States During the Warm Season

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro, C.

    2013-05-01

    Arid and semi-arid regions are experiencing some of the most adverse impacts of climate change with increased heat waves, droughts, and extreme weather. These events will likely exacerbate socioeconomic and political instabilities in regions where the United States has vital strategic interests and ongoing military operations. The Southwest U.S. is strategically important in that it houses some of the most spatially expansive and important military installations in the country. The majority of severe weather events in the Southwest occur in association with the North American monsoon system (NAMS), and current observational record has shown a 'wet gets wetter and dry gets drier' global monsoon precipitation trend. We seek to evaluate the warm season extreme weather projection in the Southwest U.S., and how the extremes can affect Department of Defense (DoD) military facilities in that region. A baseline methodology is being developed to select extreme warm season weather events based on historical sounding data and moisture surge observations from Gulf of California. Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)-type high resolution simulations will be performed for the extreme events identified from Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model simulations initiated from IPCC GCM and NCAR Reanalysis data in both climate control and climate change periods. The magnitude in extreme event changes will be analyzed, and the synoptic forcing patterns of the future severe thunderstorms will provide a guide line to assess if the military installations in the Southwest will become more or less susceptible to severe weather in the future.

  15. United States Military-To-Military Contact with the People’s Liberation Army of China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-06-01

    might help avert these very crises that may lead to war. In addition, case studies of Indonesia and El Salvador show that the long-held traditions of...Engagement, Military Exchanges, Military Relations, Peacetime Engagement, International Military Education and Training, IMET, Indonesia , El Salvador...very crises that may lead to war. In addition, case studies of Indonesia and El Salvador show that the long-held traditions of strong military

  16. Operation United Assistance: infectious disease threats to deployed military personnel.

    PubMed

    Murray, Clinton K; Yun, Heather C; Markelz, Ana Elizabeth; Okulicz, Jason F; Vento, Todd J; Burgess, Timothy H; Cardile, Anthony P; Miller, R Scott

    2015-06-01

    As part of the international response to control the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the Department of Defense has deployed military personnel to train Liberians to manage the disease and build treatment units and a hospital for health care volunteers. These steps have assisted in providing a robust medical system and augment Ebola diagnostic capability within the affected nations. In order to prepare for the deployment of U.S. military personnel, the infectious disease risks of the regions must be determined. This evaluation allows for the establishment of appropriate force health protection posture for personnel while deployed, as well as management plans for illnesses presenting after redeployment. Our objective was to detail the epidemiology and infectious disease risks for military personnel in West Africa, particularly for Liberia, along with lessons learned from prior deployments.

  17. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    PubMed

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-08-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization's guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  18. The supply of pharmaceuticals in humanitarian assistance missions: implications for military operations.

    PubMed

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Riley, Kevin; Bennett, David; Anderson, Warner

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we provide an overview of key international guidelines governing the supply of pharmaceuticals during disasters and complex emergencies. We review the World Health Organization?s guidelines on pharmaceutical supply chain management and highlight their relevance for military humanitarian assistance missions. Given the important role of pharmaceuticals in addressing population health needs during humanitarian emergencies, a good understanding of how pharmaceuticals are supplied at the local level in different countries can help military health personnel identify the most appropriate supply options. Familiarity with international guidelines involved in cross-border movement of pharmaceuticals can improve the ability of military personnel to communicate more effectively with other actors involved in humanitarian and development spheres. Enhancing the knowledge base available to military personnel in terms of existing supply models and funding procedures can improve the effectiveness of humanitarian military operations and invite policy changes necessary to establish more flexible acquisition and funding regulations.

  19. Distance Learning in Advanced Military Education: Analysis of Joint Operations Course in the Taiwan Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tung, Ming-Chih; Huang, Jiung-yao; Keh, Huan-Chao; Wai, Shu-shen

    2009-01-01

    High-ranking officers require advanced military education in war tactics for future combat. However, line officers rarely have time to take such courses on campus. The conventional solution to this problem used to take the inefficient correspondence courses. Whereas Internet technologies progress, online course is the current trend for military…

  20. 77 FR 14006 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of.... Written statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States...

  1. 75 FR 65460 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military Academy Board...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ... of the Secretary Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; United States Military... Department of Defense gives notice that it is renewing the charter for the United States Military Academy... advice and recommendation to the President of the United States on matters relating to the U.S....

  2. 75 FR 34989 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Agency: Department of... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2010 Summer Meeting of the USMA Board of Visitors... following Federal advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States...

  3. 75 FR 65006 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... States Military Academy Board of Visitors. This is the 2010 Annual Meeting of the USMA Board of Visitors... following Federal advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States...

  4. 76 FR 63188 - Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... Administration 29 CFR Part 1952 Hawaii State Plan; Change in Level of Federal Enforcement: Military Installations... document gives notice of OSHA's approval of a change to the state of Hawaii's occupational safety [[Page... military installations. The state of Hawaii, Department of Labor and Industrial Relations, requested in...

  5. 76 FR 31308 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-31

    ... Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... advisory committee meeting will take place: 1. Name of Committee: United States Military Academy Board of.... Written statements should be sent to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO) at: United States...

  6. Task Force Gator: Best Practices in Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-17

    speaking, most CMOCs will employ a Civil-Military Officer (CMO), Project Purchasing Officer ( PPO ), Pay Agent (PA), Public Affairs Officer (PAO), Civil...companies, where each commander had a qualified PPO and PA at his disposal. This structure was also maintained during the battalion‟s micro grant surge

  7. Military Operations Research. Summer 1994. Volume 1, Number 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    LP2) are well- lem of allocating random search effort to a collec- represented amongst contemporary military plan- tion of cells ( Chames and Cooper...appear). Postgraduate School. Chames , A. and Cooper, W. 1958, "The Theory of Search: Optimum Distribution of Search Effort," Management Science, 5, pp. 44

  8. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-14

    907) 428-6007, craig.campbell2@us.army.mil American Samoa Attorney General Sialega Malaetasi Togafau, America Samoa Government, P.O. Box 7, Pago ... Pago , AS 96799, (684) 633-4163 Arizona Major General David P. Rataczak, Emergency and Military Affairs Department, 5636 East McDowell Road, Phoenix

  9. Dengue and US military operations from the Spanish-American War through today.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Robert V; Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R

    2012-04-01

    Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed.

  10. The Potential Scope for Use of Private Military Companies in Military Operations: An Historical and Economical Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    Anthony Mockler, The New Mercenaries, (New York: Paragon House, 1987), p. 15. 6 Andre Corvisier, A Dictionary of Military History and the Art of War...final foreign free company on the Italian peninsula was that of the Bretons . Hereafter, the Italian states only employed Italian mercenaries, which...War.80 F. CONDOTTIERI After the defeat of the Bretons in 1380, foreign-born free companies ceased to exist in Italy.81 Hereafter, in an attempt to

  11. Assessing Operation Purple: A Program Evaluation of a Summer Camp for Military Youth

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    objectives: (1) to assess whether Operation Purple is associated with self-reported improvements in the four main camp outcome areas (commu- nication...programs (e.g., Student 2 Student, Living in the New Normal) Introduction 5 targeted at improving academic outcomes for military children. Military...found that camps for siblings of cancer patients were useful in offering an opportunity for the sibling campers to receive and provide social support by

  12. Recent research on permethrin-treated United States military uniforms

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    History is replete with examples of arthropod-borne illnesses affecting the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our U.S. military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. A part of the system to protect military personnel consists of wearing permeth...

  13. Military Bankers: Fact or Fiction? The Role of the Military in Reestablishing a Banking System during a Military Stability Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    Framework,‖ New Partnership for Africa’s Development, June 2005, http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/ lib.nsf/db900sid/ PANA -794D7A/$file/nepad-jun2005.pdf...out that because the military used US Dollars on a large scale , the Afghan population was reluctant to trade in Afghan currency. Spending by the...NEPAD Secretariat. ―African Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy Framework.‖ June 2005. http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/db900sid/ PANA -794D7A/$file

  14. Measures of Effective Military Public Health Interventions in Stability Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-10

    GetTRDoc. pdf&AD =ADA485508 (accessed 15 May 2011). Clunan, Anne L. ed. ―Civil-Military Medicine: On Dangerous Ground.‖ Monterey, CA: Center for...pubs/govt/ AMEDD_Futures_2039_Project_072909.pdf (accessed 14 May 2011). Jones, Seth G., Lee H. Hilborne, C. Ross Anthony, Lois M. Davis, Federico...Girosi, Cheryl Benard, Rachel M. Swanger, Anita Datar Garten, and Anga Timilsina. 92 Health System Reconstruction and Nation-Building. RAND

  15. Optimization-Based Routing and Scheduling of IED-Detection Assets in Contemporary Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    Mechanical Engineering United States Military Academy, 1998 SUBMITTED TO THE SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF...E. Marks Submitted to the Sloan School of Management on 14 May 2009, in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of...explosive charge and, often, some type of shrapnel. A paint can filled with home-made explosives, nuts and bolts achieves this effect. Military

  16. Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    ADVANCING STRATEGIC THOUGHT SERIES OPERATING IN THE GRAY ZONE: AN ALTERNATIVE PARADIGM FOR U.S. MILITARY STRATEGY Antulio J. Echevarria II...College educates and develops leaders for service at the strategic level while advancing knowledge in the global application of Landpower. The...future leaders in the analysis, evaluation, and refinement of professional expertise in war, strategy , operations, national security, resource

  17. Contractors on Deployed Military Operations: United Kingdom Policy and Doctrine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    defense outsourcing statistics indicates that the MoD most closely matches DoD trends. As Figure 1 shows, the number of UK MoD “ public private partnerships ” (PPP...International Statistics on Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Defense. with the premise that “there are no military core competencies, and that all...and scope of MoD’s “ public private partnerships ” program. The second analyses the premises underpinning the “government orthodoxy” and the

  18. Nutrient Recovery of Starch Processing Waste to Cordyceps militaris: Solid State Cultivation and Submerged Liquid Cultivation.

    PubMed

    Lee, Joonyeob; Cho, Kyungjin; Shin, Seung Gu; Bae, Hyokwan; Koo, Taewoan; Han, Gyuseong; Hwang, Seokhwan

    2016-09-01

    This study demonstrated the potential for managing starch processing waste (SPW) by bioconversion to Cordyceps militaris mycelia using solid state cultivation (SSC) and submerged liquid cultivation (SLC). The growth characteristics of C. militaris mycelium were accessed and compared for SSC and SLC systems on SPW under various conditions of initial SPW concentration, pH, and operating temperature. To quantify the mycelial biomass in SLC, original primer sets targeting the 18S rRNA gene of C. militaris were developed. In SSC, a maximum mycelial growth rate (543.1 mm(2)/day) was predicted to occur at 25.6 g SPW/L, pH 5.5, and 23.8 °C. In SLC, a maximum mycelial growth rate (1918.6 mg/L/day) was predicted to occur at 35.5 g SPW/L, pH 5.5, and 22.0 °C. Temperature was suggested as the most significant factor in both systems. The higher optimum substrate concentration observed for SLC than for SSC was likely due to difference in mycelial morphology and mixing effect.

  19. Entrepreneurial Expeditionary Economics and the United States Military. Right Task, Wrong Tool?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    British Army School of Advanced Military Studies United States Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas AY 2011-02 Approved...ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORG REPORT School of Advanced Military Studies NUMBER 250 Gibbon Avenue Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-2134 9. SPONSORING I...expeditionary economics into a new approach to the successful delivery of aid? This study explores whether the military is the right actor to deliver

  20. [Influence of work factors on health state in personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects].

    PubMed

    Poluboiarinov, V N; Iusov, I G; Ivanchenko, A V; Turlakov, Iu S

    2014-01-01

    Complex of occupational studies and medical, statistical research helped to reveal climate, geographic and other factors influencing health state of personnel servicing military nuclear technical objects. Considering peculiarities of occupational activities in various specialists, the authors specified measures to improve medical service for nuclear technical military officers directly working with nuclear ammunition. Practical application of the measures helped to gain 1.5-1.7 times improvement in morbidity parameters among nuclear technical military officers.

  1. Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-10-07

    dissemination and evaluation ” to “dissemination and integration” as an intelligence operation and discusses the integration of intelligence and operations...Adds “ evaluation and feedback” as an intelligence operation. Revises the discussion of intelligence support to joint planning. Discusses...these evaluations and the resulting feedback, remedial actions should be initiated, as required, to improve the performance of intelligence operations

  2. Interagency Coordination in Military Operations Other Than War Implications for the U.S. Army,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    Children’s Emergency Fund UNITAF United Task Force XV11 UNMIH USACOM USAID USCENTCOM USIA USLO UN Mission in Haiti U.S. Atlantic Command U.S...ORH) in Somalia, Operation Support Hope (OSH) in Rwanda, and Operation Uphold Democracy (OUD) in Haiti . U.S. military efforts in each operation...additional responsibilities. In Haiti , for example, the Justice Department initially agreed to assume responsibility for helping to rebuild that country’s

  3. Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare Metabolically Optimized Brain - JWF

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-01

    ABSTRACT “The Program for Research on Dietary Supplements in Military Operations and Healthcare: The Metabolically Optimized Brain ( MOB ) Study targets a...Operations and Healthcare: The Metabolically Optimized Brain ( MOB ) Study targets a more specific aspect of dietary nutrition, feeding policy and...psychological consequences of brain injury from high intensity training, and combat operations exposures. The MOB Study has 3 specific aims: 1. Convene a

  4. Commentary on: Combat-related gunshot wounds in the United States military: 2000-2009.

    PubMed

    Camm, Christian Fielder; Agha, Riaz Ahmed; Edison, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Gunshot wounds are an important cause of both morbidity and mortality within the military. With the deployment of the United States military into a two theater campaign over the past decade, the role of gunshot wounds in military personnel has come to the forefront. Gunshot wounds are often used and glamourized in popular culture. They are also fascinating to clinicians due to the difficulty in assessing such patients for injuries and treatment options.(1) Gunshot wounds also provide an opportunity to develop certain aspects of trauma management.(2) Walker et al. provide a coherent analysis of gunshot wounds to US military personnel during this period.(3).

  5. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Impact Statement. Supersonic Flight Operations in the Reserve Military Operations Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    mexicanus Muskrat Ondatra zibethica OLD WORLD RATS AND MICE MURIDAE Black Rat Rattus rattus House Mouse Mus musculus PORCUPINE ERETHIZONIDAE 5 Porcupine...carpet was a band about 16 feet wide parallel to the curved flight track. At the point where the overpressure is twice the nominal carpet, the width...iEFER TO: AS3 mU BJECT: Environmental Impact Statement - Supersonic Flight Operations in the Reserve Military Operations Area, Holloman AFB, New Mexico

  6. Operational Approach to Generalized Coherent States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    DeMartino, Salvatore; DeSiena, Silvio

    1996-01-01

    Generalized coherent states for general potentials, constructed through a controlling mechanism, can also be obtained applying on a reference state suitable operators. An explicit example is supplied.

  7. Army Materiel Requirements to Support the Continental United States Military Mobilization Base Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-10-01

    Level of Organization AMC ............... Army Materiel Command AMOPS ............. Army Mobilization and Operations Planning System AMPC ...Military Personnel Center ( AMPC ) uses an automated mobilization manpower (MOB MAN) requirements data manipulator system to prepare time- phased

  8. An Examination of Overt Offensive Military Operations Outside of Combat Zones

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    The Hunt for Pancho Villa ................................................................21 4. Modern Offensive Operations...Richard H. Schultz, Jr., calls the "Somalia syndrome .൲ E. SUMMARY Concerns and misconceptions about the moral and legal use of military forces, use...42 The "Somalia Syndrome " is where the administration, fearing an embarrassment like the battle of Mogadishu, is wary of preemptive special

  9. Operative Findings and Demographic Characteristics of Chronic Pelvic Pain Patients in a Military Population

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-01

    military population, and to compare those findings to an asymptomatic control group during the same time period that underwent laparoscopic tubal... laparoscopic tubal ligation. The M2 data repository of standard inpatient data records was reviewed for all encounters associated with Diagnostic and...Operative Laparoscopy and Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation. Four hundred and fourteen subjects met inclusion criteria and there were 237 control subjects

  10. Search comparison in the infrared spectra for military operations in the urban terrain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devitt, Nicole M.; Flug, Eric; Moyer, Steve K.; Miller, Brian; Wilson, David L.

    2004-08-01

    This research compares target detection in the longwave and midwave spectral bands in urban environments. The Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) imaged one hundred scenes at several Army Military Operations in the Urban Terrain (MOUT) sites during day and night. Images were resized to make the field-of-view (FOV) for each scene approximately the same. These images were then presented in a time-limited search perception experiment using military observers. Probabilities of detection were compared between the two spectral bands. Results from MOUT search were compared with previous modeling efforts.

  11. An Information Requirements Analysis of Military Airlift Command (MAC) Aerial Port Operations.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-09-01

    16:19 (January 1985). Office of Public Affairs. Military Airlift Command Aerial Ports. United States Air Force Fact Sheet. Scott AFB IL: August 1986...the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the School of Systems and Logistics, the Air University, the United States Air Force, or the...intertheater ports are in the continental United States and are located at Travis AFB and Norton AFB, California; McChord AFB, Washington; McGuire AFB, New

  12. 48 CFR 252.225-7007 - Prohibition on Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of United States Munitions List Items from Communist Chinese Military Companies. 252.225-7007 Section... Chinese Military Companies. As prescribed in 225.1103(4), use the following clause: Prohibition On Acquisition of United States Munitions List Items From Communist Chinese Military Companies (SEP 2006)...

  13. Women in the United States Military: A Contemporary Perspective.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-06-21

    the combat exclusion for women , and all other military policies which were applied differently to males than to females . The Equal Rights Amendment...increases. Where are women in the U.S. military in 1985? Women in the U.S. Military Today. The U.S. armed forces have in 1985 more female members than any...Air Force policy which restricts women from combat is prescribed in Title 10, U.S. Code, Section 8549 which pro- vides: Female members of the Air

  14. Combat Readiness for the Modern Military Surgeon: Data from a Decade of Combat Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    Pusateri AE, Holcomb JB. A special report on the chitosan -based hemostatic dressing : experience in current combat operations. J Trauma. 2006;60:655...scientific advances have occurred, such as advancement in tourniquet use, he- mostatic dressings , renal replacement therapy, and endovas- cular...prepare capable military surgeons, predeployment training must involve an analysis of wounds and patterns seen in current operations and must be revised to

  15. American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-02

    include the Iranian Hostage Rescue Mission; Lebanon Peacekeeping; Urgent Fury in Grenada ; Just Cause in Panama; Desert Shield and Desert Storm; Restore...1982 - February 26, 1984 Hostileb 3 19 0 234 256 Nonhostile 5 2 0 2 9 Total 8 21 0 236 265 Urgent Fury, Grenada 1983 Hostile 11 4 0 3 18...Mayaguez Incident 8d 0 0 0 Grenada : Operation Urgent Fury 162 0 0 0 Panama: Operation Just Cause 9 e 0 0 0 Operation Desert Shield/Storm 400 0

  16. Military Intelligence Fusion for Complex Operations: A New Paradigm

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    analytic lexi- con, at least for COIN analysis.55 Instead of dividing analysis between “meat eaters” and “leaf eaters,” all analysts would be omnivores ... Omnivorous analysts would not only consume information from a holistic perspective, but they would also describe the environment holisti- 54 Here, it is...broadly to full-spectrum operations. 56 I draw this language (meat eater, leaf eater, and omnivore ) from Regional Command West Stability Operations

  17. Combat Urologic Trauma in US Military Overseas Contingency Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    operating room with 31 patients having nephrectomies . There were 189 bladder injuries with 26 patients (14%) having concomitant pelvic fractures. Conclusions...OR and 31 (15%) patients underwent nephrectomies . Seven patients had a partial nephrectomy /repair of renal laceration, and six were drained or... nephrectomies were 15% and 3% of kidney injuries, respectively, in contrast to 39% and 14% during the Vietnam War.11 This reduction in operative

  18. Improving Information Operations with a Military Cultural Analyst

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    marketing – marketing is a holistic process that coordinates the functions of multiple activities, commonly referred to as the marketing mix .39 In reality...information operations. In fact, analysis of the elements of the marketing process – the target market and the marketing mix – provides the IO planner with...two distinct tools by which to improve the planning and execution of information operations. First, the study of the marketing mix , the four

  19. The New Wild West: Military Support in Border Security Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    interdependence of Mexico and the United States through NAFTA has formed a strong cultural and economic bond between the two countries. Nearly 350,000,000...economic impacts such a decision would entail. The United States and Mexico, through the North American Free Trade Agreement ( NAFTA ) share a symbiotic

  20. Military Police, The Answer to the Stability Operations Gap

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-19

    the region slowed the creation of an interim Iraqi authority that could have minimized the perception of occupation and enhanced the perception of...Reconstruction Management Office (IRMO), within State, and the Project and Contracting Office ( PCO ), within Defense. IRMO was charged with...facilitating transition in Iraq, while PCO provided acquisition and project management support. Ambiguities in NSPD-36 bred coordination problems among State

  1. Monitoring Physical and Cognitive Performance During Sustained Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    performances humaines dans les operations militaires de l’OTAN (Science, Technologie et Ethique)). RTO Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) Symposium...Three levels of difficulty (Zero-back, One-back, Two-back) were included. The participants were presented with a series of capital letters on their

  2. Thirteenth Century Mongol Warfare: Classical Military Strategy of Operational Art?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-05

    two arguments. The first purports that operational art emerged with the industrial revolution. Union General Ulysses S. Grant’s 1864-65 campaign during...wage war. T= CZUAL EUROPEA CAMPAIGN (1241, Genghis Khan died in 1227, but his successors carried on his method of warfare with extraordinary skill

  3. Military Operations Other Than War: One Soldier’s Story

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    democracy. On March 12, 1990, due to civil unrest, Avril resigned in favor of Supreme Court Justice Ertha Pascal Trouillot, who became Provisional...Fundamentals of Operational Warfighting, DJMO Selected Readings Book vol. I. Fort Leavenworth. Kansas, 1998. Cornell - D’Echert, Blaise Jr. "We Need

  4. Roles of the Military Dietitian in Combat Operations and Humanitarian Assistance-Professional Development and Utilization.

    PubMed

    Story, Kerryn L; Bukhari, Asma S; Bovill, Maria

    2016-10-01

    Military dietitians have long been valued members of the health care team, called on for their expertise as early as World War I. However, in the more recent conflicts over the past two decades, their role in health care delivery as a component of medical stability operations has been largely undefined. The purpose of this study was to explore the types of missions supported by U.S. military dietitians and characterize any unique competencies critical to their success during these missions using an online questionnaire. Sixty-five military dietitians responded to an online questionnaire and 49 (75%) shared their deployment experiences, lessons learned, and recommendations for future training based on 57 deployments from 1975 to 2014. Results indicated that during these deployments nutrition- and dietetics-related competencies were capitalized along with staff positions in support of combat and humanitarian operations. The majority (n = 24; 51%) valued mentorship as a useful resource before deployments followed by field experience (45%) and Web-based training (43%). The authors propose standardized formal training for military dietitians aimed at increasing strategic level awareness of partnerships and collaborations between U.S. Government and interagency organizations; these associations are vital for sustained synchronization of global health efforts.

  5. Toward the Effective Use of Military Veterinarians in Stability Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    civilian agencies. • Develop and conduct monitoring and evaluation to identify and act upon “lessons learned.” x Toward the Effective Use of...the veterinary community). – Formal training related to interagency coordination prior to deployment. 6. Lack of (required) monitoring and evaluation , to...inform future stability operations: • DoDD 3000.05 requires monitoring and evaluation of projects to estimate progress toward a goal

  6. Measuring and Predicting Sleep and Performance During Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-23

    reaction speed, reaction accuracy, and physical capacity. The natural endpoint of this spectrum is involuntary sleep. Figure 3-1 shows a...addition, the firefight took place during the early morning hours, when the crew members’ complex mental operations were naturally waning because of their...Hours) Measured by Actigraphy 0 2 4 6 Benning Desert Mountain Swamp Fig. 3-5. Average daily sleep amounts obtained from soldiers during 58 days of

  7. Military Operations Research. Winter 1996. Volume 1, Number 4

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-01-01

    is vital information for the senior leader- ship that is assessing the courses of action. Present AMC airlift capability models (ADANS automated ... automated scheduler is used by the deliberate planners to produce a set of missions for a plan of operations. The information that is needed to run the... automated scheduler is quite extensive. The cargo and passenger requirements that are to be moved are input electronically; a large plan may contain

  8. Use of eternal flight unmanned aircraft in military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kök, Zafer

    2014-06-01

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), are planned to use solar energy, are being more common and interesting gradually. Today, these systems are very promising while fossil fuels are diminishing rapidly. Academic research is still being conducted to develop unmanned aerial systems which will store energy during day time and use it during night time. Development of unmanned aerial systems, which have eternal flight or very long loiter periods, could be possible by such an energy management. A UAV, which can fly very long time, could provide many advantages that cannot be obtained by conventional aircrafts and satellites. Such systems can be operated as fixed satellites on missions with very low cost in circumstances that require continuous intelligence. By improving automation systems these vehicles could be settled on operation area autonomously and can be grounded easily in case of necessities and maintenance. In this article, the effect of solar powered UAV on operation area has been done a literature review, to be used in surveillance and reconnaissance missions.

  9. Military Operations in Built-Up Areas (MOBA).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-01-01

    sides. Results of the field 4 exercises Could then be used to update URBIWAR and URB3WAR stud , results used 1o organize and equip of!ensive and defensive...and offensive maneuvers by squads and (3) the mobility of the, soldier wearing night vision goggles for such tasks as room clearing, resupply, vehicle...axial silicon receiver operating at 0.9 u with the rhdiation split by a dichroic. The target will wear a group of solar cell buttons, filtered to 0.8 v

  10. Diplomatic-Military Cooperation in Operations Other Than War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-06-06

    Lebanon, acceptance of the Doctrine was not universal. Christian President Camille Chamoun knew the rise of Arab nationalism threatened Christian power...in Lebanon and sought Western aid to stem its tide. The Muslim opposition, still angry that Chamoun had decided not to join other Arab states and...real motive for accepting the Doctrine was to garner Western support for his bid to stay in power. Chamoun had rigged the 1957 parliamentary elections

  11. Spring 2008 Industry Study. Privatized Military Operations Industry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    Hill, United States Army, PMO Faculty Group Captain Peter Layton , Royal Australian Air Force, PMO Faculty Dr. Andy Leith, Economics Instructor...Department of Defense entered into more than 3,000 contracts with U.S.-based firms at an estimated contract value of more than $300 billion.10 Today ...the basis for economic growth and terror-free nations. The Department of States’ strategic plan for FY2007-2012 titled Transformational Diplomacy

  12. [Military psychiatry in a theatre of operations: on mission in Mali].

    PubMed

    Colas, Marie-Dominique

    2015-01-01

    The recent missions of military psychiatrists in the theatres of operation underline the reactivity of the French healthcare system, focused on the expertise of the combat unit doctor. Operation Serval in Mali illustrates in particular the methods of medical-psychological support in exceptional situations, across a vast geographical area and in very difficult climatic conditions. The concept of "forward psychiatry" has a particularly important role to play in the early screening and treatment of psychological disorders in order to preserve the operational capacity of the deployed personnel.

  13. [The history of military training at the First Moscow State Medical University n.a. I.M.Sechenov].

    PubMed

    Chizh, I M; Putilo, V M; Tregubov, V N; Timakov, V V

    2011-11-01

    In 2011, the oldest medical educational institution of Russia--the First Moscow State Medical University n. a. I.M.Sechenov celebrates 85 years of military training. Passing not easy, but at the same time, glorious path of military training in First MGMU n. a. I.M.Sechenov today occupies a key place in the training of military physicians.

  14. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  15. 26 CFR 301.7701-8 - Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of... § 301.7701-8 Military or naval forces and Armed Forces of the United States. The term “military or naval forces of the United States” and the term “Armed Forces of the United States” each includes all...

  16. Energy Investments for Military Operations: For Fiscal Year 2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Energy Performance and  Efficiency in Operations and Training include:  generators and  microgrids  improvements;  combat vehicle improvements; an improved...Budget Certification for Fiscal Year 2013    15     U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Electrical Grid Projects.  These tactical  microgrid ...procurement for distribution in AFG   Reduce‐Hybrid 1‐2 Transportable Wind Solar. This effort deploys a solar  microgrid  to  reduce fuel consumption

  17. The US Military’s Experience in Stability Operations, 1789-2005

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-01

    the newly freed slaves, and revolutionize much of the 7 South’s economic infrastructure and social relationships . The timetable of results varied...course of a conflict confounds traditional thinking about the temporal relationship between the two categories. For example, when MCO planners insist...influences. In stability operations, however, reality often upsets the expectations born of this traditional politico-military relationship . The reality

  18. Exploiting Human Science Advances for Military Operations: Past Challenges & Future Vision

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    6 RTO-MP-HFM-181 REFERENCES [1] Bell, D. et al. Effects of caffeine , ephedrine, and their combination on high intensity aerobic exercise...only locate, fix, and “kill” military targets, but to also do so from afar. The RMA concepts were effectively demonstrated in operations during the...use of drugs by athletes to improve their performance. 4. EXAMPLES OF POTENTIAL RESEARCH QUESTIONS LEADING TO KNOWLEDGE EXPLOITATION Creative

  19. Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-04-24

    Carr, 369 U.S. 186, 211-12 (1962) (noting that justiciability of a foreign affairs matter is determined “in terms of the history of its management by...to a coordinate political department” the dominant factor for determining justiciability ). 140 Massachusetts v. Laird, 451 F.2d 26, 31-32 (1st Cir...duration of hostilities.”). Another court found justiciable the question of whether military operations were constitutional, proclaiming the test to

  20. Congressional Authority to Limit U.S. Military Operations in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-07-11

    noting that justiciability of a foreign affairs matter is determined “in terms of the history of its management by the political branches, of its...the dominant factor for determining justiciability ). 171 Massachusetts v. Laird, 451 F.2d 26, 31-32 (1st Cir. 1971)(“The Congress may without...Another court found justiciable the question of whether military operations (continued...) authority as Commander in Chief.166 Nonetheless, historical

  1. Abundance and Utility: For Military Operations, Liquid Fuels Remain a Solid Choice over Natural Gas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    and combat support vehicles, ships, and aircraft, the adoption of natural gas —whether as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG...tacticaldefensemedia.com16 | DoD Power & Energy Fall 2014 For Military Operations, Liquid Fuels Remain a Solid Choice over Natural Gas By Bret...Strogen and Patrick Lobner Abundance and Utility Fueling the Force Natural Gas M ilitary energy strategists often recount the British Royal Navy’s decision

  2. Finding the Balance: U.S. Military and Future Operations (PKSOI Papers)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    Latin America . Along with General James N. Mat- tis, he spearheaded the development of the FM 3-24, Counterinsurgency in 2006, the first intensive...FINDING THE BALANCE: U.S. MILITARY AND FUTURE OPERATIONS INTRODUCTION In 1755, the British Army in North America , shak- en by the defeat of General...in the complex environment of North America .1 In 1966 the U.S Army, shaken by it experience in Viet Nam transformed itself. By 1972 the Army had

  3. US Military Presence in Latin America: Making the Manta Forward Operating Location work

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    operating.html; accessed on 6 June 2003. 86 Ana Maria Salazar , Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Drug Enforcement Policy and Support to the House of...efforts have steadily improved since the FOLs have been established. According to Ana Maria Salazar , then Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Drug...database on-line]; Available at http://www.wola.org/publications/ddhr_military_overview.pdf.; accessed on 4 June 2003. 94 Ana Maria Salazar

  4. Human Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology, and Ethics)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    to develop a drug known as endomorphin -1 that is based on the naturally occurring pain-control compound in the human brain, but with fewer of the...side effects of morphine. Endomorphin -1 proved to be rapidly metabolized. Subsequently, an analog of endomorphin -1 was developed that has similar...Performance Enhancement for NATO Military Operations (Science, Technology, and Ethics) 34 - 6 RTO-MP-HFM-181 endomorphin analog rewarding, in

  5. Prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers deployed for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Korzeniewski, K; Nitsch-Osuch, Aneta; Konarski, M; Guzek, A; Prokop, E; Bieniuk, K

    2013-01-01

    Respiratory diseases are one of the most common health problems among service personnel assigned to contemporary military operations which are conducted in areas characterized by adverse environmental conditions. This article reviews the results of the studies into the prevalence of acute respiratory tract diseases among soldiers of the Polish Military Contingent deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. The article also discusses a number of factors which increase the prevalence of diseases diagnosed in the population of soldiers on a military mission in different climatic and sanitary conditions. Retrospective analysis was based on medical records of Polish troops treated on an outpatient basis in Iraq in 2003-2004 (n = 871) and in Afghanistan in 2003-2005 (n = 400), 2009 (n = 2,300), and 2010 (n = 2,500). The intensity rates were calculated and were then used to calculate the prevalence of diseases per 100 persons in a given population of the military personnel. We found that acute respiratory tract diseases were one of the most common health problems treated in outpatient medical facilities in all four study populations. The incidence rate was 45.6 cases in Iraq in 2003-2004, and in Afghanistan it amounted to 61.8 in 2003-2005, 45.3 in 2009, and 54.8-100 persons in 2010. In conclusion, the prevalence of respiratory diseases was closely related to the environmental factors, such as sand and dust storms, extreme temperature changes, unsatisfactory sanitary conditions, and common disregard of basic principles concerning disease prevention.

  6. Higher-level fusion for military operations based on abductive inference: proof of principle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pantaleev, Aleksandar V.; Josephson, John

    2006-04-01

    The ability of contemporary military commanders to estimate and understand complicated situations already suffers from information overload, and the situation can only grow worse. We describe a prototype application that uses abductive inferencing to fuse information from multiple sensors to evaluate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses that are close to the levels of abstraction needed for decision making (approximately JDL levels 2 and 3). Abductive inference (abduction, inference to the best explanation) is a pattern of reasoning that occurs naturally in diverse settings such as medical diagnosis, criminal investigations, scientific theory formation, and military intelligence analysis. Because abduction is part of common-sense reasoning, implementations of it can produce reasoning traces that are very human understandable. Automated abductive inferencing can be deployed to augment human reasoning, taking advantage of computation to process large amounts of information, and to bypass limits to human attention and short-term memory. We illustrate the workings of the prototype system by describing an example of its use for small-unit military operations in an urban setting. Knowledge was encoded as it might be captured prior to engagement from a standard military decision making process (MDMP) and analysis of commander's priority intelligence requirements (PIR). The system is able to reasonably estimate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses based on information from multiple sensors. Its inference processes can be examined closely to verify correctness. Decision makers can override conclusions at any level and changes will propagate appropriately.

  7. Occupational exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment: measurements and simulation.

    PubMed

    Paljanos, Annamaria; Miclaus, Simona; Munteanu, Calin

    2015-09-01

    Technical literature provides numerous studies concerning radiofrequency exposure measurements for various radio communication devices, but there are few studies related to exposure of personnel operating military radio equipment. In order to evaluate exposure and identify cases when safety requirements are not entirely met, both measurements and simulations are needed for accurate results. Moreover, given the technical characteristics of the radio devices used in the military, personnel mainly operate in the near-field region so both measurements and simulation becomes more complex. Measurements were made in situ using a broadband personal exposimeter equipped with two isotropic probes for both electric and magnetic components of the field. The experiment was designed for three different operating frequencies of the same radio equipment, while simulations were made in FEKO software using hybrid numerical methods to solve complex electromagnetic field problems. The paper aims to discuss the comparative results of the measurements and simulation, as well as comparing them to reference levels specified in military or civilian radiofrequency exposure standards.

  8. Spontaneous and Deliberate Dissociative States in Military Personnel: Relationships to Objective Performance Under Stress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    Disorders , Ed 4. Washington, DC, APA, 1994. 2. Eisen ML, Lynn SJ: Dissociation , memory and suggestibility in adults and children. Appl Cogn Psychol 2001; 15...Pacella ML, Irish L, Ostrowski SA, et al: Avoidant coping as a mediator between peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress disorder . J Trauma...BRIEF REPORTS MILITARY MEDICINE, 179, 9:955, 2014 Spontaneous and Deliberate Dissociative States in Military Personnel: Relationships to Objective

  9. Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987

    PubMed Central

    Mandels, Mary; Eveleigh, Douglas E

    2009-01-01

    This article, 'Reflections on the United States Military 1941-1987' written by my grandmother, Mary Mandels, illustrates her passion for life. Her outreach article was considered most appropriate for publication in this forum. Her career activities are outlined in the prior article 'Mary Elizabeth Hickox Mandels, 90, Bioenergy Leader' while her accomplishments were fully recognized, for instance, nationally through the American Chemical Society and through her induction into the Hall of Fame at the US Army Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Massachusetts. As illustrated, along with Dr Elwyn Reese at Natick's Pioneering Research Laboratory, she headed a bioengineering group that is particularly remembered for developing a process for the enzymatic conversion of waste cellulosic biomass into soluble sugars that could be fermented to ethanol for an alternate liquid fuel (gasohol). This technology remains a subject of interest with growing environmental concerns and an oil shortage crisis. Mary broke the promotional glass ceiling in her own field, all the more remarkable from the perspective that she was born 3 years before women gained the right to vote. Her talents as the family storyteller, enthralling her four siblings while growing up, later reflected her abilities as an outstanding mentor to young scientists. Mary's passions went beyond her career with a love of nature and the outdoors, taking frequent canoe, hiking, skiing, and camping trips. She had a broad fascination for science, foci including her encyclopedic knowledge of plants and wildlife. When not outdoors Mary enjoyed listening to music, from opera to 'Bobby' Dylan, as she called him. Her voracious appetite for books was apparent by the tomes that covered her coffee table. She was never shy to share her political opinions and would send long handwritten letters to politicians who did something to her disapproval. She was strong willed and passionate in everything that she did. In particular was her love

  10. Compliance with antimalarial chemoprophylaxis recommendations for wounded United States military personnel admitted to a military treatment facility.

    PubMed

    Rini, Elizabeth A; Weintrob, Amy C; Tribble, David R; Lloyd, Bradley A; Warkentien, Tyler E; Shaikh, Faraz; Li, Ping; Aggarwal, Deepak; Carson, M Leigh; Murray, Clinton K

    2014-06-01

    Malaria chemoprophylaxis is used as a preventive measure in military personnel deployed to malaria-endemic countries. However, limited information is available on compliance with chemoprophylaxis among trauma patients during hospitalization and after discharge. Therefore, we assessed antimalarial primary chemoprophylaxis and presumptive antirelapse therapy (primaquine) compliance among wounded United States military personnel after medical evacuation from Afghanistan (June 2009-August 2011) to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Landstuhl, Germany, and then to three U.S. military hospitals. Among admissions at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, 74% of 2,540 patients were prescribed primary chemoprophylaxis and < 1% were prescribed primaquine. After transfer of 1,331 patients to U.S. hospitals, 93% received primary chemoprophylaxis and 33% received primaquine. Of 751 trauma patients with available post-admission data, 42% received primary chemoprophylaxis for four weeks, 33% received primaquine for 14 days, and 17% received both. These antimalarial chemoprophylaxis prescription rates suggest that improved protocols to continue malaria chemoprophylaxis in accordance with force protection guidelines are needed.

  11. Compliance with Antimalarial Chemoprophylaxis Recommendations for Wounded United States Military Personnel Admitted to a Military Treatment Facility

    PubMed Central

    Rini, Elizabeth A.; Weintrob, Amy C.; Tribble, David R.; Lloyd, Bradley A.; Warkentien, Tyler E.; Shaikh, Faraz; Li, Ping; Aggarwal, Deepak; Carson, M. Leigh; Murray, Clinton K.

    2014-01-01

    Malaria chemoprophylaxis is used as a preventive measure in military personnel deployed to malaria-endemic countries. However, limited information is available on compliance with chemoprophylaxis among trauma patients during hospitalization and after discharge. Therefore, we assessed antimalarial primary chemoprophylaxis and presumptive antirelapse therapy (primaquine) compliance among wounded United States military personnel after medical evacuation from Afghanistan (June 2009–August 2011) to Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Landstuhl, Germany, and then to three U.S. military hospitals. Among admissions at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, 74% of 2,540 patients were prescribed primary chemoprophylaxis and < 1% were prescribed primaquine. After transfer of 1,331 patients to U.S. hospitals, 93% received primary chemoprophylaxis and 33% received primaquine. Of 751 trauma patients with available post-admission data, 42% received primary chemoprophylaxis for four weeks, 33% received primaquine for 14 days, and 17% received both. These antimalarial chemoprophylaxis prescription rates suggest that improved protocols to continue malaria chemoprophylaxis in accordance with force protection guidelines are needed. PMID:24732457

  12. Preparing The U.S. Air Force for Military Operations Other Than War,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    chooses to embrace MOOTW and develop some of the technologies described in this report , air and space power could become the most versatile military...If the USAF chooses to embrace MOOTW and develop some of the technologies described in this report , air and space power could be- come the most...Stillion Äpprorsd ffti RAND The research reported here was sponsored by the United States Air Force under Contract F49642-96-C-0001. Further information

  13. Mind Games: Setting Conditions for Successful Counterinsurgency Military Information Support Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    culturally and technologically. Second, both the United States and United Kingdom had closely linked military policy because of their common bonds...Now totaling six variables, the refined list used in this study is as follows: cultural knowledge, responsiveness to target audience feedback...on which to plan their actions. Such a framework would undoubtedly be based on their mission, but would have to include at least some cultural

  14. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-11-06

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  15. A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-21

    A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current Proposals in Brief Matthew C. Weed Analyst in...00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Current...by ANSI Std Z39-18 A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: In Brief Congressional Research Service Contents The

  16. Conventional Force Modernization and the Asymmetries of Military Doctrine: Historical Reflections on Airland Battle and the Operational Maneuver Group

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-20

    echelon, or Follow-On Forces Attack ( FOFA ). 6 1 The core of the workshop report on the Soviet threat was Christopher Donnelly’s analysis of an emerging...debate regarding the military-political implications of operational-maneuver-groups, AirLand Battle and Follow-On- Forces-Attack ( FOFA ), marks the...decisive manner at the operational-strategic level. 31 To some extent the surprise was the result of the poverty of Western analysis of Soviet military

  17. SOCAP: Lessons learned in applying SIPE-2 to the military operations crisis action planning domain

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desimone, Roberto

    1992-01-01

    This report describes work funded under the DARPA Planning and Scheduling Initiative that led to the development of SOCAP (System for Operations Crisis Action Planning). In particular, it describes lessons learned in applying SIPE-2, the underlying AI planning technology within SOCAP, to the domain of military operations deliberate and crisis action planning. SOCAP was demonstrated at the U.S. Central Command and at the Pentagon in early 1992. A more detailed report about the lessons learned is currently being prepared. This report was presented during one of the panel discussions on 'The Relevance of Scheduling to AI Planning Systems.'

  18. UAV-guided navigation for ground robot tele-operation in a military reconnaissance environment.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jessie Y C

    2010-08-01

    A military reconnaissance environment was simulated to examine the performance of ground robotics operators who were instructed to utilise streaming video from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to navigate his/her ground robot to the locations of the targets. The effects of participants' spatial ability on their performance and workload were also investigated. Results showed that participants' overall performance (speed and accuracy) was better when she/he had access to images from larger UAVs with fixed orientations, compared with other UAV conditions (baseline- no UAV, micro air vehicle and UAV with orbiting views). Participants experienced the highest workload when the UAV was orbiting. Those individuals with higher spatial ability performed significantly better and reported less workload than those with lower spatial ability. The results of the current study will further understanding of ground robot operators' target search performance based on streaming video from UAVs. The results will also facilitate the implementation of ground/air robots in military environments and will be useful to the future military system design and training community.

  19. Military westernization and state repression in the post-Cold War era.

    PubMed

    Swed, Ori; Weinreb, Alexander

    2015-09-01

    The waves of unrest that have shaken the Arab world since December 2010 have highlighted significant differences in the readiness of the military to intervene in political unrest by forcefully suppressing dissent. We suggest that in the post-Cold War period, this readiness is inversely associated with the level of military westernization, which is a product of the acquisition of arms from western countries. We identify two mechanisms linking the acquisition of arms from western countries to less repressive responses: dependence and conditionality; and a longer-term diffusion of ideologies regarding the proper form of civil-military relations. Empirical support for our hypothesis is found in an analysis of 2523 cases of government response to political unrest in 138 countries in the 1996-2005 period. We find that military westernization mitigates state repression in general, with more pronounced effects in the poorest countries. However, we also identify substantial differences between the pre- and post-9/11 periods.

  20. Why They Leave: Resignations from the United States Military Academy Class of 1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leider, Robert

    The study explores the reasons for the resignation from the United States Army among graduates of the United States Military Class of 1966. It seeks to determine reasons for resignations, quality of resignees compared with nonresignees, and what can be done to reduce resignations of Academy graduates. Through questionnaires and personal…

  1. Military deployment health surveillance policy and its application to Special Operations Forces.

    PubMed

    Hartman, Richard T; Wolfson, Jay; Yevich, Steven J

    2004-01-01

    An evaluation research methodology was used to determine whether deployment health surveillance for Special Operations Forces conformed with Department of Defense policy directives for the specified target population. Data for this methodology were based on pre- and postdeployment health assessments as well as patient encounters recorded during deployments. The data represented 1,094 individual and unique Special Operations Forces members deployed to 12 different countries from October 2000 through December 2001. Results from the study suggested that military deployment health surveillance policy goals for predeployment medical referrals, patient data capture, and documentation during the deployment and postdeployment medical referrals were being poorly met when Department of Defense and Joint Chiefs of Staff mandates were applied to Special Operations Forces in an unconventional operations environment. Preliminary evaluation indicates that deployment health surveillance implementation could be improved with the introduction of policy awareness education, training, and technology.

  2. The medical department in military operations other than war. Part I. Planning for deployment.

    PubMed

    Baker, M S; Ryals, P A

    1999-08-01

    Many military deployments are "military operations other than war" (MOOTW), a spectrum of assignments less than all-out combat. The corresponding medical support requirement differs from conventional military medical combat support and also from customary civilian medical practice. Hence, medical planners will use different doctrine and planning tools than are used in civilian facilities or on field training exercises when tasked for MOOTW activities. The deployment team must be self-sufficient, plan for very large numbers of affected individuals, and arrange for food, water, shelter, sanitation, power, light, security, transportation, communications, and team health care in advance of arrival. Careful and well-thought-out advance liaison with numerous interested parties is required to ensure mission success. The medical department on these missions may represent the lead element, and other warfare specialists and line and staff officers may support the medical mission by providing security, communications, transportation, and logistics. The medical team may find that it represents the foreign policy "point of the spear" during MOOTW deployments.

  3. State of innovation in suicide intervention research with military populations.

    PubMed

    Conner, Kenneth R; Simons, Kelsey

    2015-06-01

    A systematic search was performed to identify active, externally funded randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that target suicidal ideation or behavior as a primary or secondary outcome among U.S. military service members, guard-reservists, and veterans. Twenty-three studies were identified, most funded by the U.S. Department of Defense or U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Several innovations were identified based on departures from or modernizations of usual practices and included the targeting of suicide deaths or attempts as primary outcome, delivery of interventions through technology and/or outside clinical settings, and examinations of rarely studied treatments.

  4. Success of High Tibial Osteotomy in the United States Military

    PubMed Central

    Waterman, Brian R.; Hoffmann, Jeffrey D.; Laughlin, Matthew D.; Burks, Robert; Pallis, Mark P.; Tokish, John M.; Belmont, Philip J.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Historically, high tibial osteotomy (HTO) has been performed to treat isolated medial gonarthrosis with varus deformity. Purpose: To evaluate the occupational outcomes of HTO in a high-demand military cohort. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A retrospective analysis of active duty service members undergoing HTO for coronal plane malalignment and/or intra-articular pathology was performed using the Military Health System between 2003 and 2011. Demographic parameters and surgical variables, including rates of perioperative complications, secondary surgery, activity limitations, and medical discharge, were extracted from electronic medical records. For the current study, cumulative failure was defined as conversion to knee arthroplasty or postoperative medical discharge for persistent knee dysfunction. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify statistical associations with cumulative failure after HTO. Results: A total of 181 service members (202 HTOs) were identified at an average follow-up of 47.5 months (range, 24-96 months). Mean age was 35.7 years (range, 19-55 years), and the majority were men (93%) and of enlisted rank (78%). All index procedures utilized a valgus-producing, opening wedge technique. Concomitant or staged procedures were performed in 87 patients (48%), including 40 ligamentous, 48 meniscal, and 48 chondral procedures. Complications occurred in 19.3% of knees (n = 39), with unplanned reoperation in 26 knees (12.8%). Fifty-three patients (40.7%) had minor activity limitations during military duty postoperatively. Eleven knees (5.4%) underwent conversion to total knee arthroplasty. The cumulative failure rate was 28.2% (n = 51) at 2- to 8-year follow-up. Patient age younger than 30 years at the time of surgery was associated with an independently higher risk of failure, whereas sex, concomitant/staged procedures, and perioperative complications were not significantly associated with

  5. Impact of phlebotomine sand flies on U.S. Military operations at Tallil Air Base, Iraq: 1. background, military situation, and development of a "Leishmaniasis Control Program".

    PubMed

    Coleman, Russell E; Burkett, Douglas A; Putnam, John L; Sherwood, Van; Caci, Jennifer B; Jennings, Barton T; Hochberg, Lisa P; Spradling, Sharon L; Rowton, Edgar D; Blount, Keith; Ploch, John; Hopkins, Grady; Raymond, Jo-Lynne W; O'Guinn, Monica L; Lee, John S; Weina, Peter J

    2006-07-01

    One of the most significant modern day efforts to prevent and control an arthropod-borne disease during a military deployment occurred when a team of U.S. military entomologists led efforts to characterize, prevent, and control leishmaniasis at Tallil Air Base (TAB), Iraq, during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Soon after arriving at TAB on 22 March 2003, military entomologists determined that 1) high numbers of sand flies were present at TAB, 2) individual soldiers were receiving many sand fly bites in a single night, and 3) Leishmania parasites were present in 1.5% of the female sand flies as determined using a real-time (fluorogenic) Leishmania-generic polymerase chain reaction assay. The rapid determination that leishmaniasis was a specific threat in this area allowed for the establishment of a comprehensive Leishmaniasis Control Program (LCP) over 5 mo before the first case of leishmaniasis was confirmed in a U.S. soldier deployed to Iraq. The LCP had four components: 1) risk assessment, 2) enhancement of use of personal protective measures by all personnel at TAB, 3) vector and reservoir control, and 4) education of military personnel about sand flies and leishmaniasis. The establishment of the LCP at TAB before the onset of any human disease conclusively demonstrated that entomologists can play a critical role during military deployments.

  6. Shared meanings for military nurse veterans: follow up survey of nurse veterans from WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and Operation Desert Storm.

    PubMed

    Stanton-Bandiero, M P

    1998-01-01

    This study is an extension of a qualitative study involving military nurses in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and Operation Desert Storm. Common themes and shared meanings identified in the previous qualitative study were investigated using a broad sample of military nurses who had served at various times and different branches of the service. The present investigation used a survey to gather data, and results tended to validate results of the earlier study that the experiences of military nurses in times of war tend to transcend many factors including time and branch of service.

  7. Affine coherent states and Toeplitz operators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hutníková, Mária; Hutník, Ondrej

    2012-06-01

    We study a parameterized family of Toeplitz operators in the context of affine coherent states based on the Calderón reproducing formula (= resolution of unity on L_2( {R})) and the specific admissible wavelets (= affine coherent states in L_2( {R})) related to Laguerre functions. Symbols of such Calderón-Toeplitz operators as individual coordinates of the affine group (= upper half-plane with the hyperbolic geometry) are considered. In this case, a certain class of pseudo-differential operators, their properties and their operator algebras are investigated. As a result of this study, the Fredholm symbol algebras of the Calderón-Toeplitz operator algebras for these particular cases of symbols are described. This article is part of a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical devoted to ‘Coherent states: mathematical and physical aspects’.

  8. Final Environmental Impact Statement for Proposed White Elk Military Operations Area, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-04-01

    Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 i RECORD OF DECISION FOR THE WlllTE ELK MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA WIDTE PINE AND ELKO COUNTIES, NEVADA This document...western edge of the existing UTTR over White Pine County and Elko County in Nevada. Establishment of the additional airspace linked to the existing...proximity to Hill AFB for establishment of the new MOA Page2 airspace but only one, the area over White Pine County and Elko County on the western edge

  9. The PLA at Home and Abroad: Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China’s Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    day exercise called “Divine Matrix” designed on the assumption that a “nuclear-armed China would attack India by 2017 .” Following a 6-month study of...Fears Chinese Attack by 2017 ,” Hindustan Times Online, March 26, 2009. 32. Li Xiaokun, “Drill Report ‘Surprises’ Chinese Govern- ment,” China Daily...operational freedom of action; long-term life cycle readiness, maxi - mizing availability and reliability of systems at best value to the military services

  10. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    PubMed Central

    Margolis, Lee M.; Crombie, Aaron P.; McClung, Holly L.; McGraw, Susan M.; Rood, Jennifer C.; Montain, Scott J.; Young, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15) and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16) volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg) remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1), these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier. PMID:24824290

  11. 48 CFR 225.770 - Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibition on acquisition of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. 225.770 Section 225... of United States Munitions List items from Communist Chinese military companies. This...

  12. Media Access to United States Military Operations: Grenada and Beyond

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    FREEDOM VS. NATIONAL SECURITY ........ 42 The First Amendment and Freedom of the Press ........ ... 50 National Security Issues .... ........ 53 The...based on historical precedence and on freedom of the press as guaranteed in the First Amendment . A statement of principle prepared by a special... Amendment ." 22 The media said that the public has a guaranteed right, based on the First Amendment , to be informed of the actions of the government

  13. The Sociology Program in a Professional School Setting: The United States Military Academy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segal, Mady Wechsler; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Contends that new sociology programs are more likely to be established in professional schools than in liberal arts curricula. Argues that the experience of the United States Military Academy, where a full sociology major was established in the context of a professional curriculum, provides lessons in how such development might take place.…

  14. Construction of Military Facilities in Afghanistan: Is the United States Utilizing the Best Course of Action?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-02

    history, the late Dr. Louis Dupree, stated in reference to the 1946 Helmand Valley Project: "Given the ingredients of the non-literate, peasant-tribal...small, inefficient coke stove for wrumth?2 P. Jors 8 In early 1941, the US Military developed the Quonset Hut whose semi-cylindrical form was copied

  15. Developing Leaders of Character at the United States Military Academy: A Relational Developmental Systems Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callina, Kristina Schmid; Ryan, Diane; Murray, Elise D.; Colby, Anne; Damon, William; Matthews, Michael; Lerner, Richard M.

    2017-01-01

    A paucity of literature exists on the processes of character development within diverse contexts. In this article, the authors use the United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA) as a sample case for understanding character development processes within an institution of higher education. The authors present a discussion of relational…

  16. 75 FR 7571 - Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Army Board of Visitors, United States Military Academy (USMA) AGENCY: Department of the... Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and 41 CFR 102-3.150, the Department...

  17. Korean Higher Education under the United States Military Government: 1945-1948

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jeong-Kyu

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine Korean higher education under the United States Military Government (1945-1948). In order to review this study, the author uses a descriptive analysis methodology. In addition, to research the study systematically, this paper first of all outlines the historic and political context of post-World War II in…

  18. In the Middle of the Fight: An Assessment of Medium-Armored Forces in Past Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    History , U.S. Army, [1961] 1984. Bochkarev, Vladimir, and Vladimir Komol’tzev, “Rossiyskaya ‘Burya v Gorakh’ [Russian ‘ Mountain Storm...Office of the Chief of Military History , U.S. Army, 1989. Matyash, Vladimir, “Uchast’ Banditov V Gorakh Predpreshena [Fate of Bandits in Mountains ...Center of Military History The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army under Contract No. W74V8H-06-C-0001. Library of

  19. Performance assessments of Android-powered military applications operating on tactical handheld devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, Brian A.; Fronczek, Lisa; Morse, Emile; Kootbally, Zeid; Schlenoff, Craig

    2013-05-01

    Transformative Apps (TransApps) is a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) funded program whose goal is to develop a range of militarily-relevant software applications ("apps") to enhance the operational-effectiveness of military personnel on (and off) the battlefield. TransApps is also developing a military apps marketplace to facilitate rapid development and dissemination of applications to address user needs by connecting engaged communities of endusers with development groups. The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) role in the TransApps program is to design and implement evaluation procedures to assess the performance of: 1) the various software applications, 2) software-hardware interactions, and 3) the supporting online application marketplace. Specifically, NIST is responsible for evaluating 50+ tactically-relevant applications operating on numerous Android™-powered platforms. NIST efforts include functional regression testing and quantitative performance testing. This paper discusses the evaluation methodologies employed to assess the performance of three key program elements: 1) handheld-based applications and their integration with various hardware platforms, 2) client-based applications and 3) network technologies operating on both the handheld and client systems along with their integration into the application marketplace. Handheld-based applications are assessed using a combination of utility and usability-based checklists and quantitative performance tests. Client-based applications are assessed to replicate current overseas disconnected (i.e. no network connectivity between handhelds) operations and to assess connected operations envisioned for later use. Finally, networked applications are assessed on handhelds to establish baselines of performance for when connectivity will be common usage.

  20. 14 CFR 249.21 - Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Preservation of records by public charter operators and overseas military personnel charter operators. 249.21 Section 249.21 Aeronautics and Space... of an authorized representative of the DOT. (a) All receipts and statements of travel agents and...

  1. Operational impact of tongue piercing on French military pilots during overseas deployments: a case report.

    PubMed

    Gunepin, Mathieu; Derache, Florence; Audoual, Thomas

    2010-10-01

    Piercing in general and particularly tongue piercing is gaining popularity in the Western world. The French army and so the French air force are concerned by this phenomenon. A case report of a pilot suffering from dental pain with operational consequences due to a dental fracture during Operation Trident (Kosovo) is presented. The dental examination highlighted the fact that the dental fracture was directly due to the presence of a tongue piercing. Tongue piercing and wearing tongue jewelry have numerous adverse effects, especially frequent dental complications. If these complications do not result in death, they can generate sufficient pain to disturb the vigilance and concentration of pilots and can have a major impact on flight security. For these reasons, tongue piercing is in total contradiction to a professional army and particularly to military pilots and aircrews.

  2. Families overcoming under stress: implementing family-centered prevention for military families facing wartime deployments and combat operational stress.

    PubMed

    Lester, Patricia; Mogil, Catherine; Saltzman, William; Woodward, Kirsten; Nash, William; Leskin, Gregory; Bursch, Brenda; Green, Sara; Pynoos, Robert; Beardslee, William

    2011-01-01

    The toll of multiple and prolonged deployments on families has become clearer in recent years as military families have seen an increase in childhood anxiety, parental psychological distress, and marital discord. Families overcoming under stress (FOCUS), a family-centered evidence-informed resiliency training program developed at University of California, Los Angeles and Harvard Medical School, is being implemented at military installations through an initiative from Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The research foundation for FOCUS includes evidence-based preventive interventions that were adapted to meet the specific needs of military families facing combat operational stress associated with wartime deployments. Using a family narrative approach, FOCUS includes a customized approach utilizing core intervention components, including psychoeducation, emotional regulation skills, goal setting and problem solving skills, traumatic stress reminder management techniques, and family communication skills. The purpose of this study is to describe the development and implementation of FOCUS for military families. A case example is also presented.

  3. Scalar operators in solid-state NMR

    SciTech Connect

    Sun, Boqin

    1991-11-01

    Selectivity and resolution of solid-state NMR spectra are determined by dispersion of local magnetic fields originating from relaxation effects and orientation-dependent resonant frequencies of spin nuclei. Theoretically, the orientation-dependent resonant frequencies can be represented by a set of irreducible tensors. Among these tensors, only zero rank tensors (scalar operators) are capable of providing high resolution NMR spectra. This thesis presents a series of new developments in high resolution solid-state NMR concerning the reconstruction of various scalar operators motion in solid C{sub 60} is analyzed.

  4. Secure Multi-party Computation Protocol for Defense Applications in Military Operations Using Virtual Cryptography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pathak, Rohit; Joshi, Satyadhar

    With the advent into the 20th century whole world has been facing the common dilemma of Terrorism. The suicide attacks on US twin towers 11 Sept. 2001, Train bombings in Madrid Spain 11 Mar. 2004, London bombings 7 Jul. 2005 and Mumbai attack 26 Nov. 2008 were some of the most disturbing, destructive and evil acts by terrorists in the last decade which has clearly shown their evil intent that they can go to any extent to accomplish their goals. Many terrorist organizations such as al Quaida, Harakat ul-Mujahidin, Hezbollah, Jaish-e-Mohammed, Lashkar-e-Toiba, etc. are carrying out training camps and terrorist operations which are accompanied with latest technology and high tech arsenal. To counter such terrorism our military is in need of advanced defense technology. One of the major issues of concern is secure communication. It has to be made sure that communication between different military forces is secure so that critical information is not leaked to the adversary. Military forces need secure communication to shield their confidential data from terrorist forces. Leakage of concerned data can prove hazardous, thus preservation and security is of prime importance. There may be a need to perform computations that require data from many military forces, but in some cases the associated forces would not want to reveal their data to other forces. In such situations Secure Multi-party Computations find their application. In this paper, we propose a new highly scalable Secure Multi-party Computation (SMC) protocol and algorithm for Defense applications which can be used to perform computation on encrypted data. Every party encrypts their data in accordance with a particular scheme. This encrypted data is distributed among some created virtual parties. These Virtual parties send their data to the TTP through an Anonymizer layer. TTP performs computation on encrypted data and announces the result. As the data sent was encrypted its actual value can’t be known by TTP

  5. Weapon carrying, physical fighting and gang membership among youth in Washington state military families.

    PubMed

    Reed, Sarah C; Bell, Janice F; Edwards, Todd C

    2014-10-01

    To examine associations between parental military service and school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership among youth. We used cross-sectional data from the 2008 Washington State Healthy Youth Survey collected in 8th, 10th, and 12th grades of public schools (n = 9,987). Parental military service was categorized as none (reference group), without combat zone deployment, or deployed to a combat zone. Multivariable logistic regression was used to test associations between parental military service and three outcomes: school-based weapon carrying, school-based physical fighting and gang membership. Standard errors were adjusted for the complex survey design. In 8th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting gang membership (OR = 1.8) among girls, and higher odds of physical fighting (OR = 1.6), and gang membership (OR = 1.9) among boys. In 10th/12th grade, parental deployment was associated with higher odds of reporting physical fighting (OR = 2.0) and gang membership (OR = 2.2) among girls, and physical fighting (OR = 2.0), carrying a weapon (OR = 2.3) among boys. Parental military deployment is associated with increased odds of reporting engagement in school-based physical fighting, school-based weapon carrying, and gang membership, particularly among older youth. Military, school, and public health professionals have a unique, collaborative opportunity to develop school- and community-based interventions to prevent violence-related behaviors among youth and, ultimately, improve the health and safety of youth in military families. Ideally, such programs would target families and youth before they enter eighth grade.

  6. Employment of a Dual Status Commander in a Multi-State Disaster Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-10

    considerations as well as an in- depth review of military doctrine, concepts of operation, and after action reports provide insight into the...use of a dual status commander during a multi-state national disaster? Analysis of the primary legal considerations as well as an in- depth review of...question, an in- depth review of the primary laws, 14 policies, and historical precedent is required. Each law or policy has the potential to be

  7. The Impact of Political-Military Relations on the Use of German Military Power during Operation Barbarossa

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    Military Writings, trans. and ed. Robert T. Foley (London, England: Frank Cass Publishers 2003), 188. 22In March 1920 Colonel Bauer and Wolfgang Kapp...and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg, FL: Hailer Publishing, 2006), 14. 5Matthew Cooper, The German Army...War, 1941-45 (New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, 1971), 40. 7Earl Ziemke and Magna Bauer , Moscow to Stalingrad: Decision in the East (St. Petersburg

  8. Steady-state inductive spheromak operation

    DOEpatents

    Janos, A.C.; Jardin, S.C.; Yamada, M.

    1985-02-20

    The inductively formed spheromak configuration (S-1) can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. The method described eliminates the restriction to pulsed spheromak plasmas or the use of electrodes for steady-state operation, and, therefore, is a reactor-relevant formation and sustainment method.

  9. Steady-state inductive spheromak operation

    DOEpatents

    Janos, Alan C.; Jardin, Stephen C.; Yamada, Masaaki

    1987-01-01

    The inductively formed spheromak plasma can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. Steady-state operation is obtained by forming the plasma in the linked mode, then oscillating the poloidal and toroidal fields such that they have different phases. Preferably, the poloidal and magnetic fields are 90.degree. out of phase.

  10. A Century of Misunderstanding: The History of the Development of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Understanding in the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    A CENTURY OF MISUNDERSTANDING: THE HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER UNDERSTANDING IN THE UNITED STATES...Development of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Understanding in the United States Military 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT...thesis examines the development of Post - Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) understanding within the United States Military. The study follows the

  11. A New Approach for Measuring the Operational Value of Intelligence for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-01-01

    FMR FLOT Movement Rate FORSCOM Forces Command FSE Fire Support Element XdXi xm Acronyms G2 Intelligence Staff Office G3 Operations Staff Office GBCS...model is used to identify, locate, and track enemy units, according to events and to record the times of those events, with the aid of multilayer ...cohesion DLR (defender loss rate) ER (exchange rate) FMR (FLOT movement rate) [ ED loss rate Fraction taken map Troop tank ED Troop mech ED Troop inf ED

  12. Hurricane Relief Operations in the Caribbean: Is the Use of the Military in Hurricane Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Caribbean hurricanes are a type of tropical cyclone . They originate in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa and affect the Caribbean and 2 the...that will prove to be more suitable in disaster relief situations. Matthew Yarrow also shares Dynes’ view. He believes that soldiers are ill-suited... Haiti operations, in part due to the battalion commander’s lack of authority over troops from different countries. However, the performance of the

  13. Safeguarding the Internal Security of the United States - Old Mission, New Challenges for the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-19

    forces into South Carolina for disaster reliet operations. Upon a Presidential declaration of a major disaster in several counties in South Carolina...Specifically, It was the task of Captain Meriwether Lewis, Lieutenant William Clark, four sergeants, twenty-three privates, and several guides and...domest. sorder without using military force. If armed power bt ne necessary, it would be applied at the local level by llce, at the county level by

  14. United States Military Presence in Central Asia: Implications of United States Basing for Central Asian Stability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    shaped the way American leaders focus on their global military posture strategy. Immediately following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack, the...two decades, and the changing international security environment, have shaped the way American leaders focus on their global military posture...for her outstanding support and unconditional love. The stay in Monterey was sweetened by the addition of our two daughters, Amani and Tracy. Much

  15. Interior noise and vibration measurements on operational military helicopters and comparisons with various ride quality criteria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-08-01

    The results of physical measurements of the interior noise and vibration obtained within eight operational military helicopters are presented. The data were extensively analyzed and are presented in the following forms: noise and vibration spectra, overall root-mean-square acceleration levels in three linear axes, peak accelerations at dominant blade passage frequencies, acceleration exceedance data, and overall and ""A'' weighted sound pressure levels. Peak acceleration levels were compared to the ISO 1-hr reduced comfort and fatigue decreased proficiency boundaries and the NASA discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels were compared to the NASA annoyance criteria, and the overall noise spectra were compared to MIL-STD-1294 (""Acoustical Noise Limits in Helicopters''). Specific vibration components at blade passage frequencies for several aircraft exceeded both the ISO reduced comfort boundary and the NASA passenger discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels, corrected for SPH-4 helmet attenuation characteristics, exceeded the NASA annoyance threshold for several aircraft.

  16. Interior noise and vibration measurements on operational military helicopters and comparisons with various ride quality criteria

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clevenson, S. A.; Leatherwood, J. D.; Hollenbaugh, D. D.

    1983-01-01

    The results of physical measurements of the interior noise and vibration obtained within eight operational military helicopters are presented. The data were extensively analyzed and are presented in the following forms: noise and vibration spectra, overall root-mean-square acceleration levels in three linear axes, peak accelerations at dominant blade passage frequencies, acceleration exceedance data, and overall and ""A'' weighted sound pressure levels. Peak acceleration levels were compared to the ISO 1-hr reduced comfort and fatigue decreased proficiency boundaries and the NASA discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels were compared to the NASA annoyance criteria, and the overall noise spectra were compared to MIL-STD-1294 (""Acoustical Noise Limits in Helicopters''). Specific vibration components at blade passage frequencies for several aircraft exceeded both the ISO reduced comfort boundary and the NASA passenger discomfort criteria. The ""A'' weighted noise levels, corrected for SPH-4 helmet attenuation characteristics, exceeded the NASA annoyance threshold for several aircraft.

  17. Emergence of solid state helmet-mounted displays in military applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Casey, Curtis J.

    2002-08-01

    Helmet Mounted Displays (HMDs) are used to provide pilots with out-the-window capabilities for engaging tactical threats. The first modern system to be employed was the Apache Integrated Helmet Display Sighting System (IHADSS). Using an optical tracker and multiple sensors, the pilot is able to navigate and engage the enemy with his weapons systems cued by the HMD in day and night conditions. Over the next several years HMDs were tested on tactical jet aircraft. The tactical fighter environment - high G maneuvering and the possibility of ejection - created several problems regarding integration and head-borne weight. However, these problems were soon solved by American, British, Israeli, and Russian companies and are employed or in the process of employment aboard the respective countries' tactical aircraft. It is noteworthy that the current configuration employs both the Heads-Up Display (HUD) as well as the HMD. The new Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), however, will become the first tactical jet to employ only a HMD. HMDs have increasingly become part of the avionics and weapons systems of new aircraft and helicopter platforms. Their use however, is migrating to other military applications. They are currently under evaluation on Combat Vehicle platforms for driving tasks to target acquisition and designation tasks under near-all weather, 24-hour conditions. Their use also has penetrated the individual application such as providing data and situational awareness to the individual soldier; the U.S. Army's Land Warrior Program is an example of this technology being applied. Current HMD systems are CRT-based and have many short-comings, including weight, reliability. The emergence of new microelectronics and solid state image sources - Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) - however, has expanded the application of vision devices across all facets of military applications. Some of the greatest contributions are derived from the following Enabling Technologies, and it is upon those

  18. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    tried and proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and...in Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  19. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  20. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  1. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... infractions by Armed Service personnel off post. Installation commanders will honor the reciprocal authority... immediately for refusal to submit to a lawful BAC test. The notification will be sent to the appropriate state... for the suspension/revocation and the BAC level if applicable. (d) OCONUS installation commanders...

  2. China’s Military Space Program: A Threat to the United States or a Peaceful Endeavor

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-15

    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY CHINA’S MILITARY SPACE PROGRAM: A THREAT TO THE UNITED STATES OR A PEACEFUL ENDEAVOR...Biography Colonel Timothy Wulff is an Army intelligence officer assigned to the Air War College , Air University, Maxwell AFB, AL...use of space. The U.S will employ a variety of measures to help assure the use of space for all responsible parties , and, consistent with the

  3. Can and Should the United States Preserve A Military Capability for Revolutionary Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    relentlessly into more costly intervencions . This concern ignores the fact that the United States has for many years been providing a modest level of...34 "ad" crisis management" in opposition to what was increasingly viewed as the bankrupt notion of "massive retaliation." That notion had. failed to deter...considerable capacity to learn, the military organizations responsible for assessing crisis and threat situations are burdened with long-standing

  4. Northeast Asia Regional Security and the United States Military: Context, Presence, and Roles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-11-01

    144 Michael O ’ Hanlon , “Keep US Forces in Korea After Unification,” The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis X, no. 1 (Summer 1998): 5. 145...of Koreans Oppose NMD,” The Korea Times, April 9, 2001. Accessed online. 113 William O . Odom, “The United States Military in a Reunified Korea...The Diplomatic Role of Non-Weaponized Programs. Rosalind R. Reynolds, January 1996 8. Five Minutes Past Midnight: The Clear and Present Danger

  5. Military Review. Volume 87, Number 6, November-December 2007

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    led to “patton beats Rommel.” Ditto Japanese carrier aviation. Ditto Soviet atomic rock - ets. Ditto too the Soviets’ vaunted “military-technical...both technology and operational art . this permitted non-state groups to challenge “old state” military institutions. The Basis of Non-state Military...enemy operational art infused by our technology provides a constant boost to their renewed identity. We have given our enemy tools their prayers

  6. Command History. United States Military Assistance Command, Vietnam 1965. Sanitized

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1965-01-01

    MACV 5. PrRFOPMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT. TASK AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS None ’i. CONTROL !N’. G QFFICE NAME AND...Program 86 SEvaluation of VNN 88 US Marine Corps Advisory Program 89 Command and Control 90 USMCAV Headquarters 91 Deputy COMUSMACV 92 Joint Service...Oparations 176 7th Fleet Air Support 179 US Air Porce and VWF Operations 160 In-Country Ope--tions 180 Control of Air riropowor. 1i7 B-52 Strikea 190 Rolling

  7. A Peacetime/Wartime Framework. Soviet and Chinese Views of Military and Non-Military Factors in the Balance of Power and Their Implications for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-31

    8217Military Factors the Balance of Power and their Implications for the United States Banning N. Garrett 0 Bennie S. Glaser LJI C ~~ Palomar Corporation 1715...fuel for diesel engines, the Soviets have stored hundreds of coal-burning locomotives . pp. 125-126. The Soviets also have huge stacks of assembled

  8. Understanding the Links between Organized Crime and Terrorism in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE General...Standard Form 298 (Re . 8-98) v Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18 ii MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE Name of Candidate...Page MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE ............. ii ABSTRACT

  9. A literature review of the military uses of silver-nylon dressings with emphasis on wartime operations.

    PubMed

    Barillo, David J; Pozza, Morano; Margaret-Brandt, Mary

    2014-12-01

    Medical support of military operations involves treatment of massive soft tissue wounds, thermal burns, open fractures, blast injuries and traumatic amputations under conditions that are often austere and far from supply lines. Military hospitals, as recently deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, are designed and equipped for stabilization and rapid transfer of injured patients back to their home nation. These austere facilities are often tasked with the emergency or long-term treatment of local populations when injured or burned, further stressing the medical resupply system. Pathogens encountered in contemporary wartime practice are increasingly resistant to antibiotics. Ionic silver is bactericidal against a broad spectrum of bacteria, yeasts and fungi, has been utilized as a topical antiseptic for over 100 years, and has no known clinically-relevant resistance. Silver-nylon dressings, initially stocked in US military hospitals as a burn dressing, are now finding utility as a universal dressing for all types of combat wounds. Compared to conventional burn dressings, they are easier to transport and store, easier to use, and do not need to be changed as frequently, allowing for conservation of nursing resources. In this literature review, the recent military uses of silver-nylon dressings are examined. The stockpiling and use of silver-nylon as a universal military burn and wound dressing is advocated.

  10. Measurement and prediction of noise from low-altitude military aircraft operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barry, Bernard F.; Payne, Richard C.; Harris, Anthony L.; Weston, Ralph J.

    1992-04-01

    In response to the rapid growth in demand for information on noise levels around military airfields in the UK, NPL developed AIRNOISE, a mathematical model for computing aircraft noise contours. Since its first applications in 1981, the model has been used to determine zones of eligibility within the MoD compensation scheme. The model has been subject to continuous development, e.g., the incorporation of Harrier V/STOL operations. We have now extended the model to include noise from high-speed, low-level operations. The model predicts not only maximum levels but the complete time-history, so that the time-onset rate can be estimated. To aid refinement and validation of the model, a special exercise has been conducted in which Tornado, Harrier, Jaguar, Hawk, F-15 and F-16 aircraft have flown straight and level at heights between about 100 and 400 feet, at various speeds and engine power settings over an array of microphones. This paper describes the trial and the results obtained. The prediction model is outlined and comparisons made between predictions and measurements.

  11. State institutions and social identity: National representation in soldiers' and civilians' interview talk concerning military service.

    PubMed

    Gibson, Stephen; Condor, Susan

    2009-06-01

    Theory and research deriving from social identity or self-categorization perspectives often starts out with the presumption that social actors necessarily view societal objects such as nations or states as human categories. However, recent work suggests that this may be only one of a number of forms that societal representation may take. For example, nations may be understood variously as peoples, places, or institutions. This paper presents findings from a qualitative interview study conducted in England, in which soldiers and civilians talked about nationhood in relation to military service. Analysis indicated that, in this context, speakers were often inclined to use the terms 'Britain', 'nation', and 'country' as references to a political institution as opposed to a category of people. In addition, there were systematic differences between the ways in which the two samples construed their nation in institutional terms. The civilians were inclined to treat military service as a matter of obedience to the dictates of the Government of the day. In contrast, the soldiers were more inclined to frame military service as a matter of loyalty to state as symbolically instantiated in the body of the sovereign. Implications for work adopting a social identity perspective are discussed.

  12. [Research Scientific Centre of Military Medicine, Military-medical Techniques and Pharmacy of State Research Scientific Institute of Military Medicine of Ministry of Defence of RF celebrates 80 years].

    PubMed

    Bukhtiiarov, I V; Varlachev, A V; Medvedev, V R

    2010-11-01

    The history of the 80-year activity of the Institute of Military Medicine, established in the Workers and Peasants, Red Army, Soviet Union. The Institute was founded in 1930 in Moscow and was originally called the Military Sanitary Institute. In a subsequent Institute repeatedly reformed, had different names, with the first years of its existence, has made and continues to contribute significantly to the development of means of medical services and other medical devices. The concrete results of operations and information about the staff are established.

  13. Technical and Operational Analysis of the Fortress Secure Wireless Access Bridge (ES-520) in Support of Tactical Military Coalition Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    Media Access Control MANET Mobile Ad Hoc Networking Mbps Megabit per second MCA Multi-Channel Architecture MIL-STD Military Standard MIMO ...RESEARCH EFFORTS A. BACKGROUND The world of military communications is on the verge of massive and revolutionary change, from new generations of...and custom radio designs. This radio technology roadmap includes 802.11n Multiple-input multiple-output ( MIMO ), 4.9GHz WI-FI, etc [3]. 2. Mesh

  14. Comparative Occupational Survey of Civilian and Military Members in the Pavements Maintenance and Construction Equipment Operator Specialties. Final Report for Period 1 October 1975-30 October 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Douglas K.

    A study was conducted to analyze and compare the job performance of civil service and military pavements maintenance workers and construction equipment operators. A military sample of 2,675 and a civilian sample of 1,974 were surveyed by means of a job inventory checklist and relative time spent rating method. Of the three job types that were…

  15. Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive United States Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Tzeng, Jeff S; Clark, Leslie L; Garges, Eric C; Otto, Jean Lin

    2013-01-01

    Background. Minimal data exist that describe the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive populations across the pre- and post-diagnosis periods for HIV. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the epidemiology of gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, herpes simplex virus, and human papillomavirus in an HIV-positive population. Methods. All 1,961 HIV seropositive United States active duty military personnel from 2000-2010 were identified. STI diagnoses relative to HIV diagnosis from 1995, which was the earliest electronic medical record available, to 2010 were examined. Results. The incidence diagnosis rates of STI generally increased during the period leading up to eventual HIV diagnosis. The rates of STI during the post-HIV diagnosis period fluctuated, but remained elevated compared to pre-HIV diagnosis period. Approximately 45%-69% with an STI in the HIV seropositive military population were diagnosed with their first STI greater than one year after their HIV diagnosis. Of those who were diagnosed with an STI in the post-HIV diagnosis period, 70.6% had one STI diagnosis, 23.5% had two STI diagnoses, and 5.8% had three or more STI diagnoses. Conclusions. Despite aggressive counseling, high-risk sexual behavior continues to occur in the HIV-positive military population.

  16. Repeated concussion among U.S. military personnel during Operation Iraqi Freedom.

    PubMed

    MacGregor, Andrew J; Dougherty, Amber L; Morrison, Rosemary H; Quinn, Kimberly H; Galarneau, Michael R

    2011-01-01

    Concussions are a predominant injury of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The aims of this study were to describe repeated concussive events among U.S. military personnel injured in Operation Iraqi Freedom and examine subsequent healthcare utilization. We reviewed clinical records from the Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database to identify service members with repeat concussions. We abstracted demographic and injury-specific variables, calculated time between events, and identified healthcare utilization from electronic medical databases. Overall, 113 personnel experienced more than one concussion between 2004 and 2008. A majority of these incidents were blast related. The median time between events was 40 days, with 20% experiencing a second event within 2 weeks of the first and 87% within 3 months. Time between events was not associated with severity of the second event. Greater severity of the second concussive event was associated with higher postinjury utilization of mental health and neurology services. This study is one of the first to describe repeated concussions in a combat setting. We found that repeated concussions occur within a short interval among deployed personnel, although the effects of the first event are unclear. Further research is needed to define the effect of repeated concussions on the health of combat veterans.

  17. Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases.

    PubMed

    Aurell, Johanna; Gullett, Brian K; Yamamoto, Dirk

    2012-10-16

    Emissions from open burning of simulated military waste from forward operating bases (FOBs) were extensively characterized as an initial step in assessing potential inhalation exposure of FOB personnel and future disposal alternatives. Emissions from two different burning scenarios, so-called "burn piles/pits" and an air curtain burner/"burn box", were compared using simulated FOB waste from municipal and commercial sources. A comprehensive array of emissions was quantified, including CO(2), PM(2.5), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and -furans (PCDDs/PCDFs), polybrominated dibenzodioxins and -furans (PBDDs/PBDFs), and metals. In general, smoldering conditions in the burn box and the burn pile led to similar emissions. However, when the burn box underwent periodic waste charging to maintain sustained combustion, PM(2.5), VOCs, and PAH emissions dropped considerably compared to smoldering conditions and the overall burn pile results. The PCDD/PCDF and PBDD/PBDF emission factors for the burn piles were 50 times higher than those from the burn box likely due to the dominance of smoldering combustion in the burn piles.

  18. Army Medical Support in Operations Other Than War: Opportunity for Civil-Military Cooperation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-04-07

    Chiefs of Staff, General John M . Shalikashvili is reported to have said, “We have a capacity like almost no one else to help with tragedies of a...and NGOs often request support from the military. As Steve Henthorne has said, “The military has assets that most NGOs can only dream about!”39 When...October 1994), 1-6. 4 Gaines M . Foster, The Demands of Humanity: Army Medical Disaster Relief (Washington, D.C.: US Army Center of Military History

  19. Automated ambulatory assessment of cognitive performance, environmental conditions, and motor activity during military operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lieberman, Harris R.; Kramer, F. Matthew; Montain, Scott J.; Niro, Philip; Young, Andrew J.

    2005-05-01

    Until recently scientists had limited opportunities to study human cognitive performance in non-laboratory, fully ambulatory situations. Recently, advances in technology have made it possible to extend behavioral assessment to the field environment. One of the first devices to measure human behavior in the field was the wrist-worn actigraph. This device, now widely employed, can acquire minute-by-minute information on an individual"s level of motor activity. Actigraphs can, with reasonable accuracy, distinguish sleep from waking, the most critical and basic aspect of human behavior. However, rapid technologic advances have provided the opportunity to collect much more information from fully ambulatory humans. Our laboratory has developed a series of wrist-worn devices, which are not much larger then a watch, which can assess simple and choice reaction time, vigilance and memory. In addition, the devices can concurrently assess motor activity with much greater temporal resolution then the standard actigraph. Furthermore, they continuously monitor multiple environmental variables including temperature, humidity, sound and light. We have employed these monitors during training and simulated military operations to collect information that would typically be unavailable under such circumstances. In this paper we will describe various versions of the vigilance monitor and how each successive version extended the capabilities of the device. Samples of data from several studies are presented, included studies conducted in harsh field environments during simulated infantry assaults, a Marine Corps Officer training course and mechanized infantry (Stryker) operations. The monitors have been useful for documenting environmental conditions experienced by wearers, studying patterns of sleep and activity and examining the effects of nutritional manipulations on warfighter performance.

  20. Moral Injury in Military Operations: A Review of the Literature and Key Considerations for the Canadian Armed Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    that was linked to the Afghan mission. This paper focuses on a particular psychological aftermath of military operations, that which may be...concept of moral injury, formally defined as the psychological anguish that can result from“[p]erpetrating, failing to prevent, bearing witness to...moral injuries, which in turn, are associated with a wide range of damaging psychological , interpersonal, occupational and life threatening outcomes for

  1. A Present Value-Unit Cost Methodology for Evaluating Wastewater Reclamation and Direct Reuse at a Military Base of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-12-01

    KEY WORDS (Conllnut on rtvtrt^ tldt II ntctttmry mnd Idtntlly by block numbtr) Waslewater reciainalion Wat(;r renovation Water reuse Present...applied to a water supply problem typical for a military operation. A relevant unit cost figure, called the "present value-unit cost" (PVUC), is...determined and applied to alternative methods for meeting a projected need for water . The concepls of reclamation am! dual supply systems are

  2. The Belgian Concept of Social-Psychological Support of Families of Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    e.g.: midlife crisis , retirement) • Social difficulties after the breakdown of a relationship or an illness, death, unexpected event (e.g...RTO-MP-HFM-134 37 - 1 The Belgian Concept of Social-Psychological Support of Families of Military Personnel Deployed in Crisis Response...Brussels BELGIUM Philippe.Manigart@rma.ac.be, Jean-Francois.Fils@rma.ac.be ABSTRACT With the multiplication of crisis response operations carried out

  3. [The state of health of the US Armed Forces military personnel in 2012].

    PubMed

    Golota, A S; Krassiĭ, A B; Nagibovich, O A; Sivashchenko, P P

    2013-08-01

    The current article is dedicated to the state of health of the US Armed Forces military active component personnel in 2012 according to the report published by the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center in April 2013 issue of Center's Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. Sequentially, the key characteristics of ambulatory visits and hospitalization for the leading disease chapters and certain disease groups have been presented. The data have been given for the total personnel as well as for male and female separately. The general hospitalization has also been presented for the US Armed Forces components.

  4. Operation Unified Response: A Case Study of the Military’s Role in Foreign Disaster Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-05

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT uu a. REPORT r · ABSTRACT 1 c. THIS PAGE UN CLASS UNCLASS UNClASS. 18.NUMBER OF PAGES...faces the same budgetary pressures· that the Department of Defense does, but from a low~ r baseline level. Additionally, the State Department faces a...example: Army Tactics Techniques, and Procedures Publications 4-15 Army Water Transport Operations, Army Field Manual 10-52 Water Supply in Theaters

  5. SERVARE VITAS- Political Consequences for Romanian National Government and Military of Hostage Deaths in a Romanian Special Operations Forces Hostage Rescue Operation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    plan (U.S. Joint Pub 3.07,1998, p. VI-2). This study will focus on the requirements that present a great risk to hostages in a hostage-taking...identified by Major General Shlomo Gazit, now retired, who, as Israel’s director of military intelligence, participated in the planning of the 1976... planning of the rescue operation, including detailed approval of all contingency plans . If there are other solutions or efforts that can free the

  6. Military Communications with Special Focus on Tactical Communications for Network Centric Operations (Les communications militaires, et plus particulierement les communications tactiques pour les operations reseaux-centrees)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-01

    six groupes apparentés : Radio logicielle (SDR), Gestion de réseaux et de ressources , Performances, Communications urbaines, Sécurité, et Futurs...MP-IST-083 Military Communications with Special Focus on Tactical Communications for Network Centric Operations (Les communications militaires...et plus particulièrement les communications tactiques pour les opérations réseaux-centrées) Papers presented at the RTO Information Systems

  7. Transforming and Relevant: Military Police in the Operating Forces-A Paradigm Shift for the Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    Printing Office, 11 February 1992), 1-1. Cited hereafter as U.S. Marine Corps FMFM 3-5; and Major William M. Webber , USMC, Head, Military Police Unit, HQMC...21 All organizational charts are taken from, Webber , subject: “FDP Organization Description for the...the MAGTF elements on respective core competencies, and organizes CSS to more effectively support the warfighter, see Webber , “Military Police

  8. Reconsidering Military Support to Counterdrug Operations Along the U.S.-Mexico Border

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-11

    along the U.S.-Mexico border are not necessarily military in nature, have not been effective , are hampered by the requirement to maintain a free flow...military in nature, have not been effective , are hampered by the requirement to maintain a free flow of trade with Mexico, and prevent the proper...tremendous economic impact. According to Fernando Romero, the average U.S. citizen pays $300 annually in taxes to offset the effects of drug related crimes

  9. Nutrition for Health and Performance: Nutritional Guidance for Military Operations in Temperate and Extreme Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-02-01

    contractors manufacture approved ration items for the military- Rations are made from "real foods" (commercially grown and processed). Commercial...brand name foods and military ration items are often very similar. In most cases, the manufacturers prepare the actual food product just as they would for...sweet at altitude, so foods that are too sweet at sea level may taste better at altitude Suggested snacks are raisins and other dried fruits, yogurt

  10. Proceedings of Military Operations Research Symposia (Index) Volume 3. 31st through 40th inclusive

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-11-01

    health sciences. 36-34 deFlorio Barbara J (with Bernard Kornhauser), Value of Ellefsen Richard (with B Coffland and G Orr). Phyvsical close air support...LEsnman and Gus C Lee). Market Hlartman James K (with NK Weiner), Auditing cost- analysis for military volunteers: education and health effecilveness...effectiveness (WGR). 35- analysis for military volunteers: education and health 143 sciences. 36-34 Mar-shall Robert D (with WA Brown and JE Lupo. Lehowicz

  11. Effect of commercial and military performance requirements for transport category aircraft on space shuttle booster design and operation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bithell, R. A.; Pence, W. A., Jr.

    1972-01-01

    The effect of two sets of performance requirements, commercial and military, on the design and operation of the space shuttle booster is evaluated. Critical thrust levels are established according to both sets of operating rules for the takeoff, cruise, and go-around flight modes, and the effect on engine requirements determined. Both flyback and ferry operations are considered. The impact of landing rules on potential shuttle flyback and ferry bases is evaluated. Factors affecting reserves are discussed, including winds, temperature, and nonstandard flight operations. Finally, a recommended set of operating rules is proposed for both flyback and ferry operations that allows adequate performance capability and safety margins without compromising design requirements for either flight phase.

  12. Tobacco Research in the Military: Reflections on 20 Years of Research in the United States Air Force.

    PubMed

    Talcott, G Wayne; Ebbert, Jon O; Klesges, Robert C; Linde, Brittany D; Seals, Robert W; Krukowski, Rebecca A; Grieser, Emily A; Oh, John Y; Martin-Zona, Denise M

    2015-08-01

    The U.S. military is one of the world's largest employers. Approximately 30% of active duty military personnel smoke cigarettes and more than 14% use smokeless tobacco. The military has historically supported tobacco use and more recently is attempting to combat its use. Through 20 years of collaborative research with the United States Air Force, we have learned that smoking bans are effective, recruits who have never previously smoked cigarettes initiate tobacco use, smokeless tobacco serves as a gateway for smoking initiation, smoking is associated with discharge, smoking adds significant proximal training costs, tobacco use increases during deployment, and tobacco quitline counseling with a provision of medication is effective. Our findings may provide groundwork for future tobacco control efforts in the U.S. military.

  13. The United States Army in Peace Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-13

    GNP, since the 1930"s,10 9and the smallest active duty military since before the Korean War.110 106 John Walcott , et al, "Drifting At Sea," U.S. News...Observers mission (MFO).227 In April 1982, over 1,200 U.S. Marines joined a multilateral effort to maintain peace in Lebanon, with the 224 John Walcott ...28, 1994, p. 3. Walcott , John, et al, "Drifting at Sea," U.S. News & World Report, Vol. 115, #19, pp. 48-49. Weise, Wendy, "Treasure Hunt," Sentinel

  14. An analysis of post-traumatic stress symptoms in United States Air Force drone operators.

    PubMed

    Chappelle, Wayne; Goodman, Tanya; Reardon, Laura; Thompson, William

    2014-06-01

    Remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), commonly referred to as "drones," have emerged over the past decade as an innovative warfighting tool. Given there is a paucity of empirical research assessing drone operators, the purpose of this study was to assess for the prevalence of PTSD symptoms among this cohort. Of the 1084 United States Air Force (USAF) drone operators that participated, a total of 4.3% endorsed a pattern of symptoms of moderate to extreme level of severity meeting criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-4th edition. The incidence of PTSD among USAF drone operators in this study was lower than rates of PTSD (10-18%) among military personnel returning from deployment but higher than incidence rates (less than 1%) of USAF drone operators reported in electronic medical records. Although low PTSD rates may be promising, limitations to this study are discussed.

  15. State Policymakers: Supporting Military Families with Children. Policy Briefing Series. Issue 15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Melissa; Lettieri, Chelsea

    2008-01-01

    Managing work and family responsibilities is particularly difficult for military families with children. While military life has always been demanding, in recent years an increasing number of military personnel in both the Active Duty Force and Selected Reserves have had to confront the additional demands of parenthood. Providing resources to…

  16. Challenges Faced by Military Families: Perceptions of United States Marine Corps School Liaisons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aronson, Keith R.; Perkins, Daniel F.

    2013-01-01

    The global war on terror has placed a number of stressful demands on service members and their families. Although the military offers a wide range of services and supports to military families, not all families are willing or able to use them. For example, geographically dispersed families can find it challenging to connect with military support…

  17. Technology and Command: Implications for Military Operations in the Twenty-First Century

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-07-01

    execution.” The feat is that involving high- level commanders in tactical decisions will discourage the initiative of the “commander on the spot,” and...technology has become the ultimate prosthesis .” xx. Carl H. Builder, “Five Faces of the Service Personalities,” The Masks of War: American Military

  18. A Model to Transform NATO’s Operational Level Military Capabilities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-05-01

    Dr. Matthias Dembinski leads a project “The International Organization for a Democratic Peace” funded by the German Society for Peace Research...32 Martin Dembinski , Eine Zukunft fuer die NATO, (Frankfurt, Germany: Hessische Stiftung...to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic Area. .. .” 34 Dembinski , 5. 35 The EU sees the use of military in the lower end of

  19. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Petroleum Equipment and Technical Operations, QM0142, 19-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

    This subcourse containg lesson assignments, lesson texts, and programmed reviews covers the most frequently used equipment for transporting and storing petroleum products from the time they are purchased until they are consumed by the user. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to…

  20. Challenges in Utilising Key Leader Engagement in Civil-Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    experience from Afghanistan represented different organisations: Swedish Armed Forces (SwAF), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency ( Sida ...with Swedish civil and military personnel • Extensive experience from several missions, focus on Afghanistan • Organisations: SwAF, Sida , SAK and

  1. Charter Schools: Guidance Needed for Military Base Schools on Startup and Operational Issues

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-01

    offers a buddy program for military-connected students transferring into the school, a self - esteem program, and a support group for students with a...MasterCard, Visa, check, or money order. Call for additional information. Connect with GAO on Facebook , Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube. Subscribe

  2. Religious Education Reform under the US Military Occupation: The Interpretation of State Shinto in Japan and Nazism in Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shibata, Masako

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses the treatment of religion in Japanese education in the post-World War Two period. During the Allied Military Occupation, Japan adopted the principle of the separation of state and religion as a means to democratize the totalitarian, ethno-nationalistic education system of pre-1945. The case of Germany is also dealt with here…

  3. Mental Health and Resilience: Soldiers’ Perceptions about Psychotherapy, Medications, and Barriers to Care in the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-08-01

    Perceptions about Psychotherapy , Medications, and Barriers to Care in the United States Military PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Steven Southwick, MD...SUBTITLE Mental Health and Resilience: Soldier’s Perceptions about 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Psychotherapy , Medications, and Barriers to...negative beliefs about psychotherapy , were found to contribute to decreased healthcare utilization, especially in Service Members with severe PTSD

  4. Biofilms and persistent wound infections in United States military trauma patients: a case–control analysis

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Complex traumatic injuries sustained by military personnel, particularly when involving extremities, often result in infectious complications and substantial morbidity. One factor that may further impair patient recovery is the persistence of infections. Surface-attached microbial communities, known as biofilms, may play a role in hindering the management of infections; however, clinical data associating biofilm formation with persistent or chronic infections are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the production of bacterial biofilms as a potential risk factor for persistent infections among wounded military personnel. Methods Bacterial isolates and clinical data from military personnel with deployment-related injuries were collected through the Trauma Infectious Disease Outcomes Study. The study population consisted of patients with diagnosed skin and soft-tissue infections. Cases (wounds with bacterial isolates of the same organism collected 14 days apart) were compared to controls (wounds with non-recurrent bacterial isolates), which were matched by organism and infectious disease syndrome. Potential risk factors for persistent infections, including biofilm formation, were examined in a univariate analysis. Data are expressed as odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence interval [CI]). Results On a per infected wound basis, 35 cases (representing 25 patients) and 69 controls (representing 60 patients) were identified. Eight patients with multiple wounds were utilized as both cases and controls. Overall, 235 bacterial isolates were tested for biofilm formation in the case–control analysis. Biofilm formation was significantly associated with infection persistence (OR: 29.49; CI: 6.24-infinity) in a univariate analysis. Multidrug resistance (OR: 5.62; CI: 1.02-56.92), packed red blood cell transfusion requirements within the first 24 hours (OR: 1.02; CI: 1.01-1.04), operating room visits prior to and on the date of infection diagnosis (OR: 2.05; CI: 1

  5. Single-Leg Balance Impairments Persist in Fully Operational Military Special Forces Operators With a Previous History of Low Back Pain

    PubMed Central

    Sell, Timothy C.; Clark, Nicholas C.; Wood, Dallas; Abt, John P.; Lovalekar, Mita; Lephart, Scott M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Single-leg balance (SLB) can be chronically impaired after low back pain (LBP). Impaired SLB is a risk factor for recurrent LBP and lower extremity injury. In the United States military, the special forces operator (SFO) deploys on high-risk missions under extreme conditions, and impaired SLB can potentially threaten SFO safety and mission success. Purpose: To compare SLB in fully operational SFOs with and without a history of LBP. The hypothesis was that SLB deficits would be present in SFOs with a history of LBP. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 226 SFOs were included in this analysis. Comparisons were made between SFOs with and without medical chart documented history of LBP (LBP group [n = 43]: mean age = 31.2 ± 10.3 years, mean height = 177.3 ± 7.2 cm, mean mass = 87.3 ± 11.8 kg; healthy group [n = 183]: mean age = 28.0 ± 6.0 years, mean height = 177.9 ± 6.0 cm, mean mass = 84.9 ± 8.8 kg). Bilateral SLB was tested (eyes open and eyes closed) in both groups using a force plate. The variability in the ground-reaction forces was averaged across 3 trials for each leg for both conditions. Comparisons were made between legs in the LBP and between the LBP and healthy group (α = .05). Results: There were significant between-group differences for each leg for both conditions, with the healthy group demonstrating better SLB compared with the LBP group. P values ranged from .01 to .03. Conclusion: Impaired SLB persists in SFOs with previously reported LBP. Balance assessments of individuals who report LBP may assist with designing targeted interventions to address potential deficits that may increase the risk of future injury. Clinical Relevance: SFOs with a known history of LBP would benefit from examination of SLB and may benefit from balance training to resolve any deficits that may be present to lower the potential risk for future injury. PMID:26535329

  6. Power system operations: State estimation distributed processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebrahimian, Mohammad Reza

    We present an application of a robust and fast parallel algorithm to power system state estimation with minimal amount of modifications to existing state estimators presently in place using the Auxiliary Problem Principle. We demonstrate its effectiveness on IEEE test systems, the Electric Reliability Counsel of Texas (ERCOT), and the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) systems. Since state estimation formulation may lead to an ill-conditioned system, we provide analytical explanations of the effects of mixtures of measurements on the condition of the state estimation information matrix. We demonstrate the closeness of the analytical equations to condition of several test case systems including IEEE RTS-96 and IEEE 118 bus systems. The research on the condition of the state estimation problem covers the centralized as well as distributed state estimation.

  7. 76 FR 21928 - Washington State University; Facility Operating License No. R-76; Washington State University...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-19

    ... COMMISSION Washington State University; Facility Operating License No. R-76; Washington State University... of a renewed Facility Operating License No. R- 76, to be held by Washington State University (WSU or the licensee), which would authorize continued operation of the Washington State University...

  8. Military Training Lands Historic Context: Training Village, Mock Sites, And Large Scale Operations Areas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    led by Colo- nel Rolfe at Fort Lewis, Washington, under little supervision from the war department. Two motels were rented at Mount Rainier , Washington...Bragg, NC, September 1952 (NARA College Park, RG 111-SC WWII, box 236, photo SC406849) 144 233 A 105 mm recoilless rifle mounted on a jeep during...179 290 Troopers going through phases of the military ski qualification course on Mt. Rainier . March 1942 (Jay, 1948, p 19) 182 291 Knees bent, ski

  9. Data-Driven Modeling of Target Human Behavior in Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-12

    variables specified in the theory into code (Loftin, Petty, McKenzie , & Gaskins, 2005; McKenzie , et al., 2008; Moya, McKenzie , & Nguyen, 2008...Loftin, R. B., Petty, M. D., McKenzie , F. D., & Gaskins, R. C. (2005). Modeling Crowd Behavior for Military Simulation Applications. In K. R. W...B. Rouse, Organizational Simulation (pp. 471-536). McKenzie , F. D., Petty, M. D., Kruszewski, P. A., Gaskins, R. C., Nguyen, Q. H., Seevinck, J

  10. The Supply of Pharmaceuticals in Humanitarian Assistance Missions: Implications for Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-08-01

    approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in support of these missions. 1 Regardless of the legal authority under which a military HA mission is...pro- hibit the donation of drugs that are expired or near their expi- ration date as these are considered adulterated products. Once TABLE I...http://www.usaid.gov/our_ work/cross-cutting_programs/private_voluntary_cooperation/denton guidelines.html ; accessed January 28, 2010 . 12. Food and

  11. Study of the Military Intelligence Support to Domestic Law Enforcement in Counterdrug and Counterterrorism Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-08

    Director Dave Barton, Special Agent in-Charge James Capra , and Special Agents Ben McIntosh, Dean Yannacito and Stephen Bergeman for their perspectives...enforcement has definite ideas on how they want to utilize military support, which will be covered next. James Capra , Special Agent in Charge (SAC...class regarding interagency support and ties between drug trafficking and terrorism.23 After his remarks, SAC Capra agreed to an interview to delve

  12. Operational Implications of Private Military Companies in the Global War on Terror

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Singer,” interview by Terry Gross (11 May 2004), Fresh Air, National Public Radio. 71 Stuart McGhie, “Briefing: Private Military Contractors...involvement with the IRA . He had been working in and around British bases in Basra. 41 are...responsibility for Fallujah first heard about the killings whilst watching Fox News. The events that followed the killings are now widely acknowledged to be

  13. The Use of Personal Information Technology in Military Area of Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-04-19

    scaling, and utilization of secure mobile capability leveraging commercial mobile technology to enable an agile deployment environment for new and...published a Mobile Device Strategy in May of 2012 that laid out some of the broadest strategic goals in the use of mobile technology in the branches of...paper prove how the military is in a computerized world and incorporating mobile technology to remain an effective, resilient force. While the

  14. Constant Challenges and Evolution of US Military Transfusion Medicine and Blood Operations in Combat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    Spinella, MD, Wash- ington University in St Louis, St Louis Children’s Hospital , 660 S. Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110; e-mail: spinella_p@ kids.wustl.edu...and FFP are not available.3 Due to the short shelf life of PLTs, apheresis PLTs are also collected at US military hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan...and distributed to sur- gical hospitals with high demand. Recent literature describing increased risk to critically ill patients who receive RBCs of

  15. Operational Applications of Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise as a Treatment for Airsickness in the Military

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gebreyesus, Fiyore; Cowings, Patricia S.; Toscano, William B.

    2012-01-01

    Airsickness is experienced by about 50% of military aviators some time in their career. Aviators who suffer from recurrent episodes of airsickness are typically referred to the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute (NAMI) at Pensacola where they undergo extensive evaluation and 8 weeks of training in the Self-Paced Airsickness Desensitization (SPAD) program. Researchers at NASA Ames have developed an alternative mitigation training program, Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (AFTE) that has demonstrated an 80% success rate for improving motion sickness tolerance.

  16. Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments-Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-01

    list,, the nutrient standards but includes definitions of terminology . guide- lines for healthful diets. and clarification of the use of the MR[DA, for...Congress Catalog Card No. 93-83118 International Standard Book Number 0-309-04840-0 Additional copies of this report are available from: National...approaches for studying the relationship of diet to physical and mental performance; and to review and advise on standards for military feeding systems

  17. Repeated Concussion Among U.S. Military Personnel During Operation Iraqi Freedom

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    Dougherty Rosemary H. Morrison Kimberly H. Quinn Michael R. Galarneau Report No. 10 -33 The views expressed in this article are those of the...JRRD Volume 48, Number 10 , 2011Pages 1269–1278 Journal of Rehabil itation Research & DevelopmentRepeated concussion among U.S. military personnel...amber.dougherty@med.navy.mil DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2011.01.00131269 1270 JRRD, Volume 48, Number 10 , 2011concussions [9–13]. Evidence exists that some aspects of

  18. Assessing the Prospects and Limitations of Military Operations Other than War (MOOTW)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-04-01

    disparity between economic groups, disparities of technological innovations allowing the rich to get richer while the poor get poorer, and environmental...terrorist attacks over the years is miniscule. 4 See Roderick K. Von Lipsey , ed. Breaking the Cycle: A Framework for Conflict Intervention (New York...is presently clouded. At the highest level, the National Security Council is responsible for integrating the military with diplomatic and economic

  19. The United States Humanitarian Demining Program: Civil-Military Relations in Humanitarian Demining

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-23

    allow a critical analysis of the Humanitarian Demining Program in cases in Afghanistan and Kosovo. Perceptions from the people, government, and...military add greater depth to the understanding of tensions in civil-military relations. This understanding leads to the conclusion that focusing on civil...Figure 3. Perceptions of the Humanitarian Demining Program…………………………..………23 Figure 4. Civil-military Relations in the HDP in Afghanistan

  20. A State Cyber Hub Operations Framework

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    to communicate and sense or interact with their internal states or the external environment. Machine Learning: A type of artificial intelligence that... artificial intelligence , and computational linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages. Patching: A piece...formalizing a proof of concept for cyber initiatives and developed frameworks for operationalizing the data and intelligence produced across state

  1. 20 CFR 631.40 - State program operational plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... UNDER TITLE III OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT State Programs § 631.40 State program operational... projects to be undertaken with the funds reserved by the Governor under § 631.32(c) of this part. (b)...

  2. Coercion: A Credible and Capable United States Military Instrument of Power Key to Future US Foreign Policy Success

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-17

    important because the Reagan Administration, which he was part of, had embarked on an ambitious plan to increase military capacity. He states...barracks in Beirut, Lebanon.20 The tragic loss of life and a lack of clear objective led President Reagan to withdraw the forces. Regarding the...strength or using it when necessary.”35 While Secretary of State, he advocated use of force in Lebanon, Central America, Grenada , Libya and Panama in

  3. Nutrient Intake Evaluation of Male and Female Cadets at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-04-01

    AD-RIE 126 NUTRIENT INTRKE EVALUATION OF HALE RND FENRL! CADETS RT THE UNITED STRTES..(U) LETTERMRN ARMY INST OF RESERRCH PRESIDIO OF SRN FRRNCISCO...TEsfi C H A R T Ii Ill -- INSTITUTE REPORT NO. 218 00 NUTRIENT INTAKE EVALUATION OF MALE AND FEMALE CADETS ’AT THE SUNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY...ARMY INSTITUTE OF RESEARCH PRESIDIO OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 94129 Nutrient Intake Evaluation of Male and Female Cadets at the United States

  4. The Civil-Military Gap in the United States. Does It Exist, Why, and Does It Matter?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-01-01

    ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. Thomas S. Szayna, Kevin F. McCarthy, Jerry M. Sollinger, Linda J. Demaine, Jefferson P ... p . cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-0-8330-4157-9 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Civil-military relations—United States. 2...Title. UA23.C555 2007 322 ’.50973—dc22 2007010935 The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army under Contract No. DASW01

  5. Bridging the Gap in Civil-Military Coordination to more Effectively Support Humanitarian Relief Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    studies (Operation Sea Angel, Operation Uphold Democracy and Operation Fuerte Apoyo) are analyzed to support the theory that implementation of PDD-56 can...multiple actors. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Interagency Coordination, PDD-56, Operation Sea Angel, Operation Uphold Democracy, Operation Fuerte Apoyo, Complex...Operation Fuerte Apoyo – Central America Hurricane Mitch hit the coast of Central America in October 1998 and became the fourth most powerful Caribbean

  6. [Surgical activity at the military health service antenna during the Turquoise operation in Rwanda June-August 1994].

    PubMed

    Pons, F; Rigal, S; Dupeyron, C; de Saint-Julien, J

    1996-01-01

    The military health service provided a surgery antenna during the two months of the Turquoise operation in Zaire and Rwanda. During this period, the antenna functioned as a back-up station for the French troop and the local populations subjected to various conditions: Rwanda refugees who had escaped the massacres, subjects wounded by canon shots, war wounds, surgery emergencies in the refugee population. There were 315 operations performed including 33% in children and 70% for lesions of the limbs. The activity during the mission was analyzed on the basis of strategy for surgical diagnosis and treatment under local conditions (lack of complementary examinations, limited number of personnel, disrupted families in the refugee population, no possibility for transfer, major cholera and dysentery epidemic...).

  7. [Environmental risk factors in the territory of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan].

    PubMed

    Korzeniewski, Krzysztof

    2008-07-01

    Military service in Iraq and Afghanistan is burdened by series of environmental factors such as high and low air temperature, wind, sand, dust, and local fauna. In summertime the main hazard are heat injuries. Sand and dust storms also become troublesome. In the winter another health problem is effect of low temperature. In Afghanistan additional threat pose mountain conditions, especially in wintertime when appear intense snowfalls. Hard conditions more than once characteristic for duty of Stabilization Forces soldiers in both countries can cause significant threat for health and life.

  8. U.S. Military Currency Control Operations in the Vietnam War.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-04-19

    ADAMS Ace~son For TIS CGRAk-I DTIC TAB Unannounced Just iicatio__... eopv _ Dist ribut .on/ tNSPET _ Awa~I’ btilt’, Codes 19 APRIL 1982 AppZrved tor...of this directive may subject the violator to discipliniry act.on under the US Code or the Uniform Code of Military Justice; criminal or civil... code 95, irrespective of the amount of the transaction. c. Category A personnel not processing through an R&R Center when on emer- gency leave, special

  9. Advances in Systems and Technologies Toward Interopoerating Operational Military C2 and Simulation Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    Standards   Organization   (SISO)   provides   a   collaborative   environment   for   exchange   of   information   about...19th  ICCRTS   “C2  Agility:  Lessons   Learned  from  Research  and  Operations”   Advances  in  Systems  and...Their vision is a future where military organizations can link their C2 and simulation systems without special preparation in support of coalition

  10. Development of New Repellents and Improved Permethrin-Treated Uniforms for the United States Military

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    History contains numerous examples of the impact of arthropod-borne illnesses on the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our US military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. Two components of the Department of Defense system for personal protect...

  11. An Evaluation of the Latent Tuberculosis Control Program in the United States Military at Accession

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-15

    peripheral neuropathy .[58] Finally, the quality control, documentation, follow-up, and adherence to therapy for skin test reactors in military populations...for screening. The epidemiology of tuberculosis TB in the US military is similar to the general population with an incidence that is low and...1 TUBERCULOSIS EPIDEMIOLOGY ............................................................................ 2 The Global Burden and Epidemiology

  12. Equivalent Multipole Operators for Degenerate Rydberg States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-23

    Equivalence of two operators means here that they yield identical matrix elements within a subspace of Hilbert space that corresponds to fixed n. Such...Rydberg atom in time -dependent electric and magnetic fields 6. For example, analytical probabilities have been derived 3–5, without the need for...any perturbative and numerical analysis, for the full array of l→ l transitions in atomic hydrogen Hnl induced by a time -varying weak electric field

  13. Independent nuclear state: the United States, Britain and the military atom

    SciTech Connect

    Simpson, J.

    1983-01-01

    Anglo-American relationships concerning nuclear weapons development from the World War II period up through the present are reviewed. The development of Great Britain as an independent nuclear state is examined in detail. The political factors affecting the cooperative efforts and alliances are discussed in detail as well as the trade in information and materials for reactor and weapons development.

  14. Operations: A Comparative Study of the United States and Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Cheng-Yao; Becker, Jerry; Byun, Mi-Ran; Yang, Der-Ching; Huang, Tsai-Wei

    2013-01-01

    This study examined (a) the differences in preservice teachers’ procedural knowledge in four areas of fraction operations in Taiwan and the United States, (b) the differences in preservice teachers’ conceptual knowledge in four areas of fraction operations in Taiwan and the United States, and (c) correlation in preservice teachers’ conceptual…

  15. Operational Stress and Correlates of Mental Health Among Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay Military Personnel.

    PubMed

    Webb-Murphy, Jennifer A; De La Rosa, Gabriel M; Schmitz, Kimberly J; Vishnyak, Elizabeth J; Raducha, Stephanie C; Roesch, Scott C; Johnston, Scott L

    2015-12-01

    Military personnel deployed to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay (JTF-GTMO) faced numerous occupational stressors. As part of a program evaluation, personnel working at JTF-GTMO completed several validated self-report measures. Personnel were at the beginning, middle, or end of their deployment phase. This study presents data regarding symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, depression, and resilience among 498 U.S. military personnel deployed to JTF-GTMO in 2009. We also investigated individual and organizational correlates of mental health among these personnel. Findings indicated that tenure at JTF-GTMO was positively related to adverse mental health outcomes. Regression models including these variables had R2 values ranging from .02 to .11. Occupation at JTF-GTMO also related to mental health such that guards reported poorer mental health than medical staff. Reluctance to seek out mental health care was also related to mental health outcomes. Those who reported being most reluctant to seek out care tended to report poorer mental health than those who were more willing to seek out care. Results suggested that the JTF-GTMO deployment was associated with significant psychological stress, and that both job-related and attitude-related variables were important to understanding mental health symptoms in this sample.

  16. Diarrheal illness among deployed U.S. military personnel during Operation Bright Star 2001--Egypt.

    PubMed

    Sanders, John W; Putnam, Shannon D; Gould, Philip; Kolisnyk, John; Merced, Norma; Barthel, Vincent; Rozmajzl, Patrick J; Shaheen, Hind; Fouad, Salwa; Frenck, Robert W

    2005-06-01

    In the fall of 2001, approximately 15,000 U.S. military personnel participated in a military exercise in the northwestern Egyptian desert. To assess the prevalence and impact of diarrhea and enteropathogen distribution, we conducted a post-deployment survey and a case series study. A departure convenience sampling (n = 3725) was used in the post-deployment survey. Overall, 9.3% reported diarrhea, 2.6% sought medical care, and 2.8% stopped or decreased their work for at least a day. Among those reporting diarrhea, 41.7% had symptoms for less than 2 days, 43.5% had symptoms from 2-5 days, and 14.8% had symptoms for more than 5 days. In the case series study, pathogens were identified in 53.6% of the 129 cases enrolled. Pathogens identified included enterotoxigenic E. coli (n = 53), enteroaggregative E. coli (n = 13), Cryptosporidium (n = 9), Campylobacter jejuni (n = 7), noroviruses (n = 7), Shigella flexneri (n = 2), rotavirus (n = 2), and Entamoeba histolytica (n = 2). Among those seeking care for diarrhea, two thirds reported a decreased ability or inability to perform their jobs for at least one day, but overall, diarrhea was much less prevalent than in past surveys in this region, with minimal impact on the mission.

  17. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  18. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  19. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  20. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  1. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a... a disciplinary action involving aircraft operations, a U.S. military pilot or former military...

  2. Possible Correlations of Multinational Military Operations and State Stability, and Application to State Building in Iraq

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    Egypt, 1882. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington: 1883. Grey, Edward. “Sykes-Picot Agreement.” 1916. Hobbes , Thomas . Leviathan ...Thesis Advisors: Thomas Johnson Abbas Kadhim THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT...SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA) from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MARCH 2009 Author: Nicholas J. Buls Approved by: Professor Thomas

  3. [Influence of chronic diseases of reserve military personnel of Ukraine army on their capability to do their duty according military speciality].

    PubMed

    Ivashchenko, S N

    2008-01-01

    The author presents in the article the way of distribution of reserve military personnel of Ukraine army on special groups depending on presence of chronical diseases or pathological conditions. The author analyzed more than 800 personal files of military personnel and other materials related to assessment of functional state of this personnel and efficiency of performing their duty. Data received from Kiev commissariats and other Ukraine military Institutions have been analyzed. The proposed way of military personnel distribution allows optimizing their operating mode by creating a special mode where resource of military personnel's professional health is preserved.

  4. User’s Manual for Generating Supersonic Data Bases for Military Operations Areas.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-10-15

    This report documents the development of supersonic data bases for five military opera- tions areas ( OAs ) and presents a user’s guide to the two...Sonic Boom Research, BBN Report 6044, January 1986. l te "" APPENDIX A MOAOPS PROGRAM OUTPUT EXAMPLES a" U I, . MIS3 1? N4 k -cI 621I-7 ’I!SS1ZON OAI6 43...ft fa Ct k -.w.- af84 PO.-- .. a.. Oi’ .100 C -fw40 Ila 4.44 - -4.. ft-)’" *i..i " .i"iAi. .4 . 44.44" .R 44449 &~ ft 9 i..444 .m - .4.i a. ~ ~ ja Sriii

  5. Operational vector-borne disease surveillance and control: closing the capabilities gap through research at overseas military laboratories.

    PubMed

    Evans, Brian P; Clark, Jeffrey W; Barbara, Kathryn A; Mundal, Kirk D; Furman, Barry D; McAvin, James C; Richardson, Jason H

    2009-01-01

    Malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya virus, leishmaniasis, and a myriad of other vector-borne diseases pose significant threats to the warfighter and to the overall combat effectiveness of units. Military preventive medicine (PM) assets must accurately evaluate the vector-borne disease threat and then implement and/or advise the commander on countermeasures to reduce a particular threat. The success of these measures is contingent upon the biology of the disease vector and on the tools or methods used to conduct vector/pathogen surveillance and vector control. There is a significant gap between the tools available and those required for operational PM assets to provide real-time, effective surveillance and control. A network of US Army and US Navy overseas laboratories is focused on closing the current capabilities gap. Their mission is to develop and field test tools and methods to enhance the combatant commander's ability to identify and mitigate the threat posed by these vector-borne diseases.

  6. [The 90th anniversary of the Center of State Sanitation-and-Epidemiological Control of Privolzhsky-Ural military region].

    PubMed

    Krylov, I K; Tomberg, A L

    2009-10-01

    There was exposed in brief the history of "The 1321" Center of state sanitation-and-epidemiological control of Privolzhsky-Ural military region". Nowadays it's a profile institute, where high-qualified and low-grade physicians are working. The Center successfully solves the tasks of securing of sanitarium-epidemiological well-being of regional troops, realizes a grand volume of education-methodical, science-practical and info-analyzing work.

  7. United States Military Academy: 25 Years of Enlightening Research. 2012 Program Review

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    University, 1993, Professor and Head, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. COL Leon L. Robert, Ph.D. in Entomology , Texas A&M...military, defense, and forensic . Now LIBS demonstrates the capability of being a promising technique for future application to crucial Army missions...for direct collection which is a desirable quality in many fields including defense, military and forensic . The basic principles of LIBS are

  8. The Proper Role of the United States Military in Combatting Drug Smuggling.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-04-01

    Nashville, Tennessee and his Masters Degree in Human Resources Management from Pepperdine University, Malibu, California in 1981. He received his Air Force...produced for US import. The largest foreign sources of marijuana are Columbia, Mexico, and Jamaica . (79:1) The use of US military resources in these...DC, as the Head- quarters Pacific Basing Manager . His professional military education includes Squadron Officer School, Air Command Staff College

  9. Longitudinal Study of Sleep Patterns of United States Military Academy Cadets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    athletic status. Although menstrual cycle is known is to be associated with lower reported sleep quality and increased sleep disturbanc- es,40-43 this...poor sleep hygiene which could quite possibly result in lifelong habits that could follow them into their military careers. This possibility is...decision making are commonly experienced by managers and military leaders who work extended hours during times of cri- ses. In their review, they

  10. Military Psychology.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS...TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY, COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS.

  11. Urban Operations, Untrained on Terrain.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-06-05

    MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE by ■’ PAULS. BURTON, MAX USA ^ .B.S., Arizona State University, 1985 Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Tt998 Approved for public...Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE by PAUL S...MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE THESIS APPROVAL PAGE Name of Candidate: MAJ Paul S. Burton Thesis Title: Urban Operations: Untrained on Terrain Approved

  12. Strategic Planning for Comprehensive Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR Tchad/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    David S . Yost Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form...Security in the European Union’s Military Operations: EUFOR RD Congo, EUFOR Tchad/RCA, and EUNAVFOR Somalia 6. AUTHOR( S ) Frank Hagemann 5. FUNDING...

  13. U.S. Army Helicopters and U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Forces: Implications for Halting Military Operations (Occasional Paper Number 22)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    proven day and night tank killer with excellent tactical range, target standoff and loiter time. Its capabilities enhance, complement, and support...Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathan W

  14. Live From the Front: Operational Ramifications of Military Web Logs in Combat Zones

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-10

    their place in history” 21 Katherine C. Den Bleyker, “The First Ammendment versus Operational Security: Where Should the Milblogging Balance Lie...accessed 25 April 2007). 35 Bleyker, “The First Ammendment versus Operational Security: Where Should the Milblogging Balance Lie?” 36 Ibid. 37 Ibid...Bleyker, Katherine C. Den. “The First Ammendment versus Operational Security: Where Should the Milblogging Balance Lie?” Fordham Intellectual

  15. It is not their war: the impact of military operations on Philippine migrant care workers for elderly people in Israel

    PubMed Central

    Ron, Pnina

    2015-01-01

    Objective A majority of work immigrants from the Philippines came to Israel to fill positions involving personal and nursing care. Most of them were in Israel during the Second Lebanon War, the Cast Lead operation, and the Protective Edge Operation. These migrant care workers experienced these events no differently than did the Israeli population. The goal of this study was to examine the connections between the Philippine migrant care workers’ exposure to the military operations and the levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), death anxiety, and burnout among them. Methods A random sample of 147 Philippine migrant care workers was recruited through four agencies that employ migrant care workers. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire. Results Philippine migrant care workers reported high levels of PTSD, high levels of death anxiety, and low levels of burnout. Levels of exposure were positively associated with levels of PTSD, death anxiety, and negatively with burnout. A significant inverse relationship was found between interpersonal variables (self-esteem and sense of mastery) and the PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout levels reported by the participants. PMID:26170643

  16. Total and cause-specific mortality of Finnish military personnel following service in international peacekeeping operations 1990–2010: a comprehensive register-based cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Laukkala, T; Parkkola, K; Henriksson, M; Pirkola, S; Kaikkonen, N; Pukkala, E; Jousilahti, P

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To estimate total and cause-specific mortality after international peacekeeping deployments among the Finnish military peacekeeping personnel in comparison to the general population of similar age and sex. Design A register-based study of a cohort of military peacekeeping personnel in 1990–2010 followed for mortality until the end of 2013. Causes of death were obtained from the national Causes of Death Register. The standardised mortality ratio (SMR) for total and cause-specific mortality was calculated as the ratio of observed and expected number of deaths. Setting Finland (peacekeeping operations in different countries in Africa, Asia and in an area of former Yugoslavia in Europe). Participants 14 584 men and 418 women who had participated in international military peacekeeping operations ending between 1990 and 2010. Interventions Participation in military peacekeeping operations. Main outcome Total and cause-specific mortality. Results 209 men and 3 women died after their peacekeeping service. The SMR for all-cause mortality was 0.55 (95% CI 0.48 to 0.62). For the male peacekeeping personnel, the SMR for all diseases was 0.44 (95% CI 0.35 to 0.53) and for accidental and violent deaths 0.69 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.82). The SMR for suicides was 0.71 (95% CI 0.53 to 0.92). Conclusions Even though military peacekeeping personnel are working in unique and often stressful conditions, their mortality after their service is lower compared with the general population. Military peacekeeping personnel appear to be a selected population group with low general mortality and no excess risk of any cause of death after peacekeeping service. PMID:27799241

  17. Optimizing Unity of Effort During Humanitarian Assistance Operations: Civil-Military Operations Centers "Inside and Outside the Wire"

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    mission and avoids working at cross-purposes to achieve unity of effort.൭ In Operation RESTORE HOPE: Summary Report. D. J. Zvijac and K. W. McGrady...Draft (Joint Pub 5-00.2) (Washington D.C: March 19, 1996), IX-37. 35 Seiple, 173. 36 Davis, 54. 37 JP 3-08,111-24. 19 38 David J. Zvijac and...Policy." February 7, 1994. Joint Warfighting Center Peace Operations CD-ROM. Ft. Monroe, VA: Joint Warfighting Center, June 1997. Zvijac , David J

  18. Millimeter wave case study of operational deployments: retail, airport, military, courthouse, and customs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tryon, Gary V.

    2008-04-01

    In the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on America, our security and defense industry was instantly tasked with delivering technologies that could be used to help prevent future terrorist activities. The general public world wide is asking for solutions that will foster a safe society and travel environment. Our best defenses rest in our talents within a free open society to prevent dangerous individuals from boarding planes, entering buildings, courthouses, transportations hubs and military bases with weapons capable of causing damage and bodily harm in the first place. Passive millimeter wave (PMMW) whole body imaging systems are based upon the principle that every physical entity emits, reflects, and/or absorbs electromagnetic energy. The term "passive" means that this approach does not bombard the test subject with energy radiation to further induce the discovery of hidden objects. PMMW whole body imaging systems focus on the human body's natural emission and reflection of millimeter wavelength energy. In physics, "millimeter waves" (MMW) are defined as extremely high-frequency (30-300 GHz) electromagnetic oscillations. On the electromagnetic spectrum these waves are just larger than infrared waves, but smaller than radio waves. The wavelength of a MMW is between 1 millimeter and 10 millimeters. That is approximately the thickness of a large paperclip up to the diameter of an "AAA" battery.

  19. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 2, Appendices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    Laser and Condor Scotty Military Operation Areas by the aircraft proposed for location at the Burlington, VT Air Guard Station. Portions of this...addition to the comments we are requesting that you provide GIS shape files with appropriate metadata tor the Yankee Laser and Condor Scotty airspaces...Basing Draft Environmental Impact Statement Our comments focus on the noise impacts of the use of the Yankee Laser and Condor Scotty Military

  20. Smokeless Tobacco Use in the United States Military: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Hunt, Yvonne M.; Augustson, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use represents an important target for intervention in the U.S. military population because it impairs “military readiness” and harms the health of the military. This paper aims to provide a systematic review of ST studies conducted in the U.S. military population in order to assess the content of existing ST research in this population, provide estimates of prevalence and clinically relevant use patterns, and discuss how these findings might be used to guide future ST research among this population. Methods: We reviewed articles published through December 2010 using PubMed and PsycINFO databases, Google Scholar, and any relevant articles’ reference lists. Inclusion criteria included focus on a U.S. military sample, English language, measured tobacco use, and ST prevalence was reported or could be calculated. To the extent possible, each article was coded for demographics, socioeconomic status, prevalence, amount, frequency, and length of use, and quit intentions/attempts. Results: Thirty-nine articles met criteria for inclusion. Less than half focused primarily on ST use among military personnel. The remaining studies measured ST use in the context of other behaviors. Findings related to clinically relevant behaviors included a need for more cohort and intervention studies, a better understanding of ST use in combination with cigarettes (i.e., concurrent use), and identifying risk factors for ST initiation and use. Discussion: ST use is prevalent among military personnel, as is concurrent use of cigarettes and ST. We provide a number of recommendations to guide future research in this important, yet understudied, area. PMID:22123789

  1. Civil Military Engagements Program: A Special Operations Solution to Threats Derived from Undergoverned Areas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    educated force that has a deep understanding of cultures and foreign language , proficiency in small-unit tactics, and the ability to build and...operate within the population—specifically, to address sociocultural factors by understanding the culture of the population. Army operations must consider

  2. An Investigation of Network Enterprise Risk Management Techniques to Support Military Net-Centric Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    Entreprise Risk Management .........................................116 B. RECOMMENDATIONS OF AREAS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH ..117 APPENDIX A...enterprise, can come from external or internal sources and can be directed at multiple objectives such as finance , people, processes, and operational...of managing risk is essentially the same for safety, finances , or operations. How it is applied depends in large part on the application.. Figure

  3. Military Perspectives on Cyberpower

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-07-01

    Zimet and Charles L. Barry Military cyberpower is the application of the domain of cyber- space to operational concepts to accomplish military objec...pable global backbone, unrestrained information sharing among com- mands, and truly interoperable networks wherein every authorized user can access...Special Operations Forces (SOF), and space forces performing missions around the world, and their supporting in- telligence networks. DOD divides

  4. The Study of Military History Through Commercial War Games: A Look at Operation Crusader with the Operational Art of War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    infantry, armor, intelligence, engineer, aviation, quartermaster, and field artillery) who have never played The Operational Art of War, and an... field grade officers a year train on command-level decision making by using computer simulations at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC...infantry, engineer, intelligence, field artillery, and logistics and compare the modeling of key elements of the war game to historical accounts. The

  5. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Final Environmental Impact Statement Supersonic Flight Operations in the Valentine Military Operations Area

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-11-04

    sorties per month in both MOA’s (Valentine and Reserve) to minimize the number of sonic booms each area would receive. The primary environmental...concern associated with the proposed action is the effects of sonic booms. It is projected an individual would hear no more than 2 to 3 sonic booms per day...could occur in the area. Concerns have been raised about significant indirect impacts to the economy by sonic booms impacting ranching operations and

  6. Maximally entangled mixed-state generation via local operations

    SciTech Connect

    Aiello, A.; Puentes, G.; Voigt, D.; Woerdman, J. P.

    2007-06-15

    We present a general theoretical method to generate maximally entangled mixed states of a pair of photons initially prepared in the singlet polarization state. This method requires only local operations upon a single photon of the pair and exploits spatial degrees of freedom to induce decoherence. We report also experimental confirmation of these theoretical results.

  7. Balancing Operations Security and Openness: Understanding the Military/Media Relationship in the Modern Media Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-07

    was never judged based on its merits, but the district court judge, Oliver Gasch, said that he doubted whether the temporary ban on press 17 Aukofer...Craig Pyes of the “Crimes of War Project” and Kevin Sack of the Los Angeles Times on a Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha (ODA) operating...out of Gardez, Afghanistan in 2003. Pyes and Sack reported on two separate alleged murders of Afghan citizens detained by members of ODA 2021

  8. Phalanx. The Bulletin of Military Operations Research. Volume 45, Number 3, September 2012

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    effectiveness and from this directive came the “Operations Research” title. Seeing the merit of this system , Air Chief Marshall Dowding asked that...techniques continues to grow, and those employing them have various titles such as industrial systems en- gineer, operational analyst, systems analyst...Riese of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab as President Elect, Mr. Robert R. Koury of Price Systems as Vice President for Finance and

  9. Challenges to Military Operations in Support of U.S. Interests. Volume 2: Main Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    manner. Tools and systems for countering attacks in space are insufficient given the documented threat. While there have been some initial defensive...to attack the nation with asymmetric tools of war, employed using non-traditional concepts of operation. Thus, challenges from nuclear weapons... tools of war may well be employed using non-traditional concepts of operation. And the battlefield may no longer be limited to regions afar, but may

  10. Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Remotely Piloted Aircraft Operators in the United States Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-24

    proliferation of this unique form of warfare, concerns have been raised regarding the psychological impact such operations have on RPA operators directly...and clinical interviews utilizing the Clinician Administered Psychological Survey to determine the nature of the respondents’ stressful military...identified. Of those reporting higher levels of psychological distress, none identified their engagement in remote warfare as a significant

  11. 75 FR 19877 - Relief for U.S. Military and Civilian Personnel Who Are Assigned Outside the United States in...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-16

    ... Assigned Outside the United States in Support of U.S. Armed Forces Operations AGENCY: Federal Aviation... in support of U.S. Armed Forces operations. SFAR 100-2 also continues to allow FSDOs to accept... outside the United States in support of U.S. Armed Forces operations. This action is necessary to...

  12. Development of medical engagement training toolkits to support special operations military assistance programs in austere environments.

    PubMed

    Boedeker, Ben H; Boedeker, David; Tate, Charmaine

    2012-01-01

    The Medical Seminar (MEDSEM) is a medical operation that shares culturally appropriate medical information with a defined indigenous population based upon a "train the trainer" concept. This work describes the development of a hand washing training toolkit designed to support a MEDSEM action in Afghanistan.

  13. Civil & Military Operations: Evolutionary Prep Steps to Pass Smart Power Current Limitations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    ordnance delivery’ accuracy more for specific targets, to supplement the operational and strategic application of ‘carpet bombing’ which both have been...is encouraged to review and research the long and varied history of herbal medicine, mystical treatments, and natural medicines. Some aspects of

  14. Hours of Boredom, Moments of Terror: Temporal Desynchrony in Military and Security Force Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-01

    activity in the 2–3 hour range is well tolerated but prolonged activities which exceed a period of 4 hours in duration tend to prove more problematic...transition both in basic and advanced training. This is difficult since the “ adrenaline rush” of real operations is never quite replicated in

  15. Concept of Operations (CONOPS) for Foreign Language and Speech Translation Technologies in a Coalition Military Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    concepts and architecture paths to reduce human language barriers experienced by the DOD Operational Community and the Intelligence Community...Specifically, the program is designed to; • Reduce the foreign language barriers across the full spectrum of transnational and joint coalition

  16. Improving Civil-Military Information Sharing in Peace Support Operations Using a Service-Oriented Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    solutions that operate reliable under adverse conditions including a bandwidth-limited environment, and provide them with customised information...236 Klein, G. (1998) Sources of Power: How people make decisions, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass ., USA, 1998 NATO (2007) NATO Architecture Framework

  17. For God or Country? Religious Tensions Within the United States Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-01

    of attention in the mid-80s and 90s was Wicca . According to the Spiritual Philosophy and Practice of Wicca in the U.S. Military, Wicca is a Neo...Pagan, earth based, mystery religion. . . The Latin roots of the word “ Wicca ” mean “wise ones”, or wisdom. The 90 Craig Atwood and Samuel Hill and

  18. Tuberculosis as a force health protection threat to the United States military.

    PubMed

    Sanchez, Jose L; Sanchez, Joyce L; Cooper, Michael J; Hiser, Michelle J; Mancuso, James D

    2015-03-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that poses a threat to force health protection to the U.S. military. The rate of TB disease in the military is low; however, there are unique challenges for its control in this setting. As a low-risk population, TB testing in the U.S. military can be scaled back from the universal testing approach used previously. Reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) present at accession into service is the most important factor leading to TB disease; therefore, its diagnosis and treatment among recruits should be given a high priority. Deployment and overseas military service is an uncommon but important source of TB infection, and rigorous surveillance should be ensured. Case management of TB disease and LTBI can be improved by the use of cohort reviews at the service and installation levels and case finding and delays in the diagnosis of TB disease can be improved by education of providers, as well as increased use of molecular diagnostic tests. Program outcomes can be improved by making LTBI treatment compulsory, offering shorter treatment regimens, and increasing accountability through oversight and evaluation. The diagnosis of LTBI can be improved by implementing targeted testing in all settings and reducing confirmatory interferon-gamma release assay testing.

  19. Beyond Military Service: An Analysis of United States Naval Academy Graduates’ Civilian Career Experiences

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xiii LIST OF TABLES Table 1. Demographic Breakdown of the Currently Enrolled Classes’ Incoming Plebe Profiles...approximately 1,200 candidates enter as Plebes (USNA Website, 2005). B. ADMISSIONS Admission to military academies differs greatly from civilian colleges and...3. Demographics Even with criticism of the selection process, a quick statistical overview of the incoming freshman ( Plebes ) demonstrates the very

  20. Hybrid Threat Concept: Contemporary War, Military Planning and the Advent of Unrestricted Operational Art

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-19

    Albatross ?…………………………...44 Exploitation of Ambiguity……..........…………………………………………………...47 U.S. Operational and Strategic Planning Constructs...Warfare (IW): Umbrella Term or Conceptual Albatross ? Irregular warfare presents a competing explanation of the non-linear threat activities that

  1. Quality of Ambulant Measures of Distance, Speed, Load and Energy Consumption During Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    and pelvis when walking on level and irregular surfaces. Gait and Posture 18 (2003) 35-46. [2] Everett Harman, Ki H. Han, Peter Frykman, Clay Pandorf...stress (e.g. decision making, exams, combat stress). The majority of these factors have a negative impact on the operational readiness of soldiers...walking, sleep deprivation) and mental stress (e.g. decision making, exams, combat stress). The majority of these factors have a negative impact on the

  2. Guide to Rebuilding Public Sector Services in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-10-01

    economic growth. Each topic discussion focuses on the key issues, trade-offs faced in addressing those issues in stability operations, and recommended...top-down versus bottom-up planning. As discussed above, countries have a long-term development framework that expresses broad national strategy for...SERVICES This section discusses a relatively narrow range of issues and potential actions in rebuilding government, focusing on government’s provision

  3. Military Contractor-Operated Stores’ Contracts are Unmanageable and Vulnerable to Abuse.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-08

    include stores oper- ated by six nationwide contractors holding multiple contracts as follows: -- One Stop Motor Parts, Inc., Grand Prairie, Texas, holding...Command Contract/contractor Randolph AFB, Air Training Command COPARS/ One Stop Motor Texas Parts, Inc. Lackland AFB, Air Training Command COPARS/ One ... Stop Motor Texas Parts, Inc. Cannon AFB, Tactical Air Command COPARS/ One Stop Motor New Mexico Parts, Inc. Bergstrom AFB, Tactical Air Command COPARS

  4. ASP, Art and Science of Practice: Educating Military Operations Research Practitioners

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    USMC: Assess- ing Resiliency of the JP-8 Distribution System on Guam (C). • LT Matthew T. Yokeley, USN: Effects of Sleep Deprivation on U.S. Navy...factors in many Navy mishaps. In addition to sleep deprivation , fatigue can also result from inadequately staffed ves- sels. Reduced staffing...5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School (NPS),Operations Research Department,Monterey,CA

  5. Traditions, Changes, and Challenges: Military Operations and the Middle Eastern City

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-01-01

    Studies Institute,Fort Leavenworth, KS ,66027 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10...World: World Regional Urban Development, 3d ed. (New York: Harper & Row, 2003), 271. 12. Brunn, 2003, 269-72. 13. Pacione, 135. 14. Philip K . Hitti...Operation Iraqi Freedom. Fort Leavenworth, KS : Combat Studies Institute Press, 2004. Dewar, Michael. War in the Streets: The Story of Urban Combat

  6. Other Than War: The American Military Experience and Operations in the Post-Cold War Decade

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    to January, 1891; Francis E. Heitman, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, from its Organization, September 29,1789, to...54. Telex (U), CINCUSACOM, for CJCS, 302330Z September 1994; Memo, Kenneth H. Bacon , ASD/PA, to CJCS, ca. 24 September 1994, subject: Haiti Updates

  7. Bell operator and Gaussian squeezed states in noncommutative quantum mechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bastos, Catarina; Bernardini, Alex E.; Bertolami, Orfeu; Dias, Nuno Costa; Prata, João Nuno

    2016-05-01

    We examine putative corrections to the Bell operator due to the noncommutativity in the phase space. Starting from a Gaussian squeezed envelope whose time evolution is driven by commutative (standard quantum mechanics) and noncommutative dynamics, respectively, we conclude that although the time-evolving covariance matrix in the noncommutative case is different from the standard case, the squeezing parameter dominates and there are no noticeable noncommutative corrections to the Bell operator. This indicates that, at least for squeezed states, the privileged states to test Bell correlations, noncommutativity versions of quantum mechanics remain as nonlocal as quantum mechanics itself.

  8. Models Used by the Military Services to Develop Budgets for Activities Associated with Operational Readiness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-02-01

    Request 27.6 23.9 12.0 15.3 78.8 Percentage Modeled 69 76 94 26 67 All Services The facilit operations that the se to that fun Corps do the Army...FunctionsMiscellaneousMaintenanceand Training Facilities Depending o roughly 45 pe requests for o models by fun nance, faciliti functions, op dollar amoun eled, and the...the length of the line at the dining hall). The Navy and the Army determine the amount and quality of services they will provide and multiply that

  9. 9 April 1940 German Invasion of Norway - The Dawn of Decisive Airpower during Joint Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    April 1940, (US Army Command and Staff College, Ft Leavenworth, KS : April 1988) 7-8 7Johns Andenaes, et al., Norway and the Second War, ( Olav Riste...in Norway, 10 6Johns Andenaes, et al, Norway and the Second War, ( Olav Riste & Magne Skodvin, Tanum-Norli, 1966), 9-13 7Ibid. 8Earl Ziemke, The German...Leavenworth, KS ) 23 4Ibid., 23-24 5Joint Pub 3-56.1, Command and Control for Joint Air Operations, (14 November 1994) II-2 6Gordon Prange, At Dawn

  10. An Approach and Framework to Synchronize Joint Exercises and Training with Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-06

    supported by an open and free international economic system, and upheld by fundamental human rights and each nation’s responsibilities.13 As budgets...aligned with China, such as Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar , the relief effort sends the message that the United States remains the biggest power in the...disasters and transnational threats such as trafficking , piracy, proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), terrorism, cyber-aggression, and

  11. Applied Concept:The Military Information Operations Function within a Comprehensive and Effects-Based Approach

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-03

    decision-making, and the application of will (i.e., focused action): 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409...provides the method to assess the progress of the campaign towards achieving the end state. 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763...leadership and moderation skills; g. social competence and communication skills. Section III – Individual and Collective Training for Info Ops Staff 406

  12. Guide to Rebuilding Governance in Stability Operations: A Role for the Military?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    participation. Each of these can be both a driver and a damper of societal conflict. Here are the major issues related to elections in post-conflict...Papers on Fragile States No. 5. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, IRIS Center, 2005. Mendelson-Forman, Johanna. “Security Sector Reform in...websites of the National Democratic Institute (NDI), the International Republican Institute ( IRI ), and the International Foundation for Electoral

  13. Guidelines for Commanders and Staffs: How to Engage With Local Societies During Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-01

    Dictionary Transactional costs/Benefits State/Insurgency Social legitimacy on Public goods Gender From old French gendre, from Latin genus ...identify the tensions arising between the cities and the country as well as the population movements as a result of clashes and extended violence ...values which apparently may seem contradictory —which account for the violence and rivalry within the group— such as the fight for controlling the

  14. An Annotated Bibliography on Military Involvement in Counterdrug Operations, 1980 - 1990

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    706 Planning PCO Combat Employment of Air Power A198 670 Potential for Increased Terrorism Lethality A198 668 Democratic States Facing Revolutions...police needed the basis of a suspected wrongdoing before undertaking any search. - On 27 October 1990, Peru’s newly-elected President, Alberto Fujimori ... terrorism that the nefarious traffic has abetted. Interestingly -- and questionably -- the author places the blame for addiction upon human behavior

  15. Kansas State University electric vehicle site operator program

    SciTech Connect

    Hague, J.R.; Steinert, R.A.; Nissen-Pfrang, T.

    1991-01-01

    K-State is presently working with Grumman Allied and Unique Mobility to establish a working agreement for the research and development of a pure electric postal vehicle. K-State has worked on the design of this vehicle for the past year and is working to establish the appropriate consortium to bring this vehicle to commercial realization. K-State is working to establish infrastructure support for electric vehicles. Presently, a Kansas company is working with K-State to bring its patented low-cost vehicle metering product to market. An anticipated second year DOE project would provide 100 electric metering stations to Southern California for a large scale electric vehicle infrastructure demonstration project. This project would allow a parking lot(s) to be made EV ready. K-State's Site Operator Program continues to get the word-out'' about electric vehicles. From a personal visit by Senator Bob Dole, to Corporate Board of Director Meetings, to school classrooms, to shopping mall demonstrations; K-State Employees are increasing public access and awareness about the electric vehicle industry. As has been shown in this report, K-State's G-Van has logged an average eighteen miles per day while maintaining a full schedule of public relations tours within the state of Kansas and Missouri. K-State has now been contacted by companies in Nebraska and Iowa requesting information and involvement in this program. Kansas and Kansas State will continue its work to contribute to the Site Operator Program effort. With the purchase of two additional electric vehicles and the pending request to purchase two more electric vehicles during the next contractual year, K-states's program will grow. When vehicle development plans and infrastructure requirements are solidified, K-State's program will be ready to participate and be a major contributor to the development and introduction of this technology.

  16. The National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2015: The United States Military’s Contribution to National Security

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    need to counter revisionist states that are challenging international norms as well as violent extremist organizations (VEOs) that are undermining...more information than entire governments once possessed. They can swiftly organize and act on what they learn, sometimes leading to violent change...urging both nations to settle their disputes peacefully and in accordance with international law. Concurrent with state challenges, violent

  17. Civil Affairs and Military Government Operations in Post-Fascist Italy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    other parts of the Service to work with these agencies in closest cooperation and to use them to the maximum extent possible. This will leave you free...United States Government to guarantee the return to France of every part of her empire. Your letter may make trouble for me after the war.”50 The deal...as enemies of the Italian people, but as an inevitable part of their war to destroy the German overlordship of Europe. Their [Allied Forces] aim is

  18. The Role of United States Army Special Forces in Operation NOBEL OBELISK

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-06-01

    effective use of special operations forces (SOF) in NEOs. SOF have contributed in some manner to almost every U.S. NEO conducted in the past thirty years...their primary operational methods. This RUF insurgency had such a destabilizing effect on Sierra Leone that Valentine Strasser led a military coup...conduct effective battalion-sized operations in the interior, without looting, raping, or terrorizing local citizens, immediate gains would be made

  19. The United States Military’s Role in Combating Transnational Organized Crime

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-01

    functional and cross cultural interdependence, it is clear that the disintermediation of economic resources and information systems, the transformation in...Luminoso) that gleaned considerable revenues from narcotics trafficking. In Sri Lanka, the military has fought the Tamil Tigers who derive significant... literature does not suggest that further development into a hybrid organization that shares goals and dogma is inevitable or even probable. The final merger

  20. The Musculoskeletal Readiness Screening Tool-Injury Predictor for United States Military Academy Preparatory Cadets

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-30

    predict injury and tasks unique to 86 military personnel. Tests include the weight bearing forward lunge, modified deep 87 squat, closed kinetic chain...weight bearing ankle dorsiflexion was associated with 176 lower extremity injury.10,11,13,17 Lack of weight- bearing dorsiflexion may impair, 177...Readiness Screening Tool (MRST). The components of the MRST 256 include the weight bearing forward lunge, the modified deep squat, the Closed 257

  1. First United States Army Observers of Military Conflicts in Post Napoleonic Europe (1855-1871)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    their time. Several observations and recommendations would bear fruit for the U.S. Army; however, many seemingly simple observations and recommendations...military contemporaries of their time. Several observations and recommendations would bear fruit for the U.S. Army; however, many seemingly simple...southern United States’ claim on slave bearing territories in stark contrast to the progressive abolitionist stances of France and England. The

  2. Review and Analysis of United States Policy: U.S. Military Use of Commercial Sealift

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-19

    Review In 1776 in his An Inquiry in to the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations Adam Smith penned: Since such, therefore, are the advantages of...market to the produce of every sort of labour...1 Adam Smith realized then, as did the fledgling U.S. Government, that merchant maritime shipping would...to quickly deliver U.S. military equipment and material to areas of conflict is not an acceptable alternative. 22 Endnotes 1 Adam Smith , That

  3. India’s Military Aviation Market: Opportunities for the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    colonialism .” India, therefore, pursued the LCA with familiar results: cost overruns, lengthy delays, obsolescence, and the inability to meet...potential adversaries acting in collusion. • To sustain the capability to fight a prolonged low intensity conflict in Kashmir and other sensitive...there was a contraction in the spare parts available to sustain India’s largely Soviet military arsenal.20 The relationship was revived in the late

  4. 21ST Century United States Military Strategy for East Asia: Countering an Emerging China

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    with other nations.16 China opened its diplomatic and economic doors in the 1960s and 1970s. At first glance it might appear as a symbolic gesture to be...both the U.S. and China have avoided direct military engagement, tacitly acknowledging the potential consequences of open conflict on their...Dragon or Dinosaur ? Nuclear Weapons in a Modernizing China, ”Parameters 34 (Winter 2003-04): 101. 6 Alfred D. Wilhelm, Jr., The Chinese at the

  5. United States Air Force Response to Problems of Child Abuse within the Military Community.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-01-01

    a physically deformed child, (5) a retarded child, (6) a colicky • ° -. ............................... ...... 43 baby, (7) an incontinent child, and...dirty diaper 1 1/2-hour constant crying 2 physicians 1 military policeman 1 social worker Sift 2 inexperienced, slightly bruised parents and 2 tender...husband from field and immediately add 1 fifth of alcohol or an equal amount of beer. Soak one teething, cranky baby in one double dirty diaper and

  6. A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Investigation of the Efficacy of Modafinil for Maintaining Alertness and Performance in Sustained Military Ground Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    modafinil exhibits a terminal half-life of 9-14 hrs with peak blood concentrations 2-4 hrs after absorption with an oral clearance of 50-60 mL/min (Wong...AFRL-HE-BR-TR-2006-0005 A DOUBLE-BLIND PLACEBO-CONTROLLED INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFICACY OF MODAFINIL FOR MAINTAINING ALERTNESS AND PERFORMANCE IN...CONTROLLED INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFICACY OF MODAFINIL FOR MAINTAINING ALERTNESS AND PERFORMANCE IN SUSTAINED MILITARY GROUND OPERATIONS 5b. GRANT

  7. 39 CFR 927.2 - Noncontractual air service for international and military mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... military mail. 927.2 Section 927.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF... and military mail. (a) Report of infraction. Each mail handling irregularity will be reported in the... adapted to the respective modes of transportation, see International Mail Operations, Handbook...

  8. 39 CFR 927.2 - Noncontractual air service for international and military mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... military mail. 927.2 Section 927.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF... and military mail. (a) Report of infraction. Each mail handling irregularity will be reported in the... adapted to the respective modes of transportation, see International Mail Operations, Handbook...

  9. 39 CFR 927.2 - Noncontractual air service for international and military mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... military mail. 927.2 Section 927.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF... and military mail. (a) Report of infraction. Each mail handling irregularity will be reported in the... adapted to the respective modes of transportation, see International Mail Operations, Handbook...

  10. 39 CFR 927.2 - Noncontractual air service for international and military mail.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... military mail. 927.2 Section 927.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF... and military mail. (a) Report of infraction. Each mail handling irregularity will be reported in the... adapted to the respective modes of transportation, see International Mail Operations, Handbook...

  11. Bite protection analysis of permethrin-treated U.S. Military uniforms

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Historically, combat casualties from diseases have greatly outnumbered battle injuries received from actual combat during military operations. Since 1951, United States military combat uniforms have been treated within insecticides to protect personnel from arthropod attack. In the 1970s and 1980s,...

  12. Sustaining the Military Arts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-09-01

    pidgin isn’t the antidote for strategic illiteracy. The military arts of strategy, operations, and tactics are merely the creative bridges that allow...Strategic pidgin isn’t the antidote for strategic illiteracy. about military arts and sciences is not merely a ’question of rhetorical clarity. Indeed

  13. Assessing Israeli Military Effectiveness

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    did during the 1967 Arab -Israeli War. If this is the case, is it due to a decline in IDF military effectiveness? If so, what are the factors that led...conflict, low-intensity conflict, hybrid conflict, Arab -Israeli War, Operation Accountability, Operation Grapes of Wrath, Operation Change of Direction...has not been able to consistently sustain the ability to achieve decisive military success as it did during the 1967 Arab -Israeli War. If this is

  14. Uncharted Waters: Expeditionary Operations and the Naval Component of Union Military Strategy April 1861 to April 1862

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-03-01

    ofthe Civil War. 1st ed. New York: Knopf, 1962. Barrett, John Gilchrist. The Civil War in North Carolina. Chapel Hill : University ofNorth Carolina...W. The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of1862. Military Campaigns of the Civil War. Chapel Hill : University ofNorth Carolina Press, 2003. ---,. The...Richmond Campaign of1862: The Peninsula and the Seven Days. Military Campaigns of the Civil War. Chapel Hill : University ofNorth Carolina Press, 2000. Gibson

  15. State Machine Operation of the MICE Cooling Channel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanlet, Pierrick; Mice Collaboration

    2014-06-01

    The Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) is a demonstration experiment to prove the feasibility of cooling a beam of muons for use in a Neutrino Factory and/or Muon Collider. The MICE cooling channel is a section of a modified Study II cooling channel which will provide a 10% reduction in beam emittance. In order to ensure a reliable measurement, MICE will measure the beam emittance before and after the cooling channel at the level of 1%, a relative measurement of 0.001. This renders MICE a precision experiment which requires strict controls and monitoring of all experimental parameters in order to control systematic errors. The MICE Controls and Monitoring system is based on EPICS and integrates with the DAQ, Data monitoring systems, and a configuration database. The cooling channel for MICE has between 12 and 18 superconductnig solenoid coils in 3 to 7 magnets, depending on the staged development of the experiment. The magnets are coaxial and in close proximity which requires coordinated operation of the magnets when ramping, responding to quench conditions, and quench recovery. To reliably manage the operation of the magnets, MICE is implementing state machines for each magnet and an over-arching state machine for the magnets integrated in the cooling channel. The state machine transitions and operating parameters are stored/restored to/from the configuration database and coupled with MICE Run Control. Proper implementation of the state machines will not only ensure safe operation of the magnets, but will help ensure reliable data quality. A description of MICE, details of the state machines, and lessons learned from use of the state machines in recent magnet training tests will be discussed.

  16. Endocrine-metabolic responses to military field operations: Effects of cold and moderate altitude exposure

    SciTech Connect

    Floyd, E.; Hackney, A.C.; Hodgdon, J.A.; Coyne, J.T.; Kelleher, D.L. Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill )

    1991-03-11

    Select endocrine-metabolic responses of US Marines to 4.5 day field operations (FOPS) in different environments were examined. Blood and urine samples were collected in the field immediately before and after FOPS at: (1) sea level, neutral temperatures (Ts) (SLN; n = 14), (2) sea level, cold Ts (SLC; n = 16), (3) 2,500 M altitude, neutral Ts (ALN; n = 16), and (4) 2,500 M altitude, cold Ts (ALC; n = 45). Measures examined were testosterone (T), cortisol (C), glucose (Glu), triglycerides (Tg), and urinary ketones (Uket). T decreased pre-post the FOPS in the cold conditions ({bar X}; 6.7 to 5.5 hg/ml; n = 61) but did not change in neutral conditions. C increased pre-post FOPS at SLC (12.1 to 19.8 ug/dl, p < 0.01), ALN (9.3 to 13.9 ug/dl, p < 0.01), and ALC (16.7 to 19.0 ug/dl, p = 0.08). Normoglycemia was maintained under each condition. Tg decreased (p < 0.01) at SLC, ALN, and ALC ({bar X}{triangle}: {minus}59.1, {minus}102.2, {minus}93.3 mg/dl, respectively), but increased at SLN (+74.0 mg/dl). Uket increased post FOPS only at ALN and ALC ({bar X}{triangle}: 3.4 mg/dl and +11.3 mg/dl). The Uket increases were correlated to Tg decreases. Results suggest FOPS induces a slight endocrine stress response, which is augmented with moderate altitude or cold exposure. Furthermore FOPS at altitude, especially in the cold, seems to shift the body towards fat metabolism.

  17. The Role of the Military Construction Engineers in the Hybrid War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-12

    shaping the hybrid environment and when developing the civil -military relationship. The NATO military construction engineers are in a position to...military and non-military actors. Military construction engineers will be crucial in shaping the hybrid environment and when developing the civil -military...General Staff College CIMIC Civil -Military Co-operation CMO Civil -military Operations COIN Counterinsurgency DIME Diplomatic, Informational, Military

  18. Single qubit operations with base squeezed coherent states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Podoshvedov, Sergey A.

    2013-03-01

    In quantum computing with base either coherent or squeezed coherent states, information is encoded into coherent states with opposite amplitudes. To exploit the base states in quantum computation, we need arbitrary qubit rotations plus a two-qubit gate such as controlled-Z gate to simulate any multiqubit unitary transformations. We develop an approach to realize single qubit operations with the base squeezed coherent states. The optical setup requires a resource of the base squeezed coherent states, unbalanced beam splitter whose transmittance tends to unity and photon counters in auxiliary modes. A successful two-photon subtraction from transmitted beam is heralded by two-photon click in auxiliary modes where tiny part of the initial beam is detected. The thrust of the method is that it achieves a high fidelity without photodetectors with a high efficiency or a single-photon resolution. We observe that there is wide diapason of values of the parameters that provide performance of single qubit operations with the base states. The problem is resolved in Wigner representation to take into account imperfections of the optical devices.

  19. Fresh Whole Blood Transfusions in Coalition Military, Foreign National, and Enemy Combatant Patients During Operation Iraqi Freedom at a U.S. Combat Support Hospital

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-09

    1]. Military doctrine states that the use of FWB is acceptable when standard blood components are not available for life- saving therapy [2...plasma, platelets) is indicated for treatment and not available, or if the transfusion of avail- able blood components in a 1:1:1 ratio with adequate...utilizing FWB, for patients with the coagulopathy of trauma [18–20] when the patients’ coagu- lopathy is not responding to the use of blood components in a 1

  20. Domestic Contingency Operations: A New Role for the United States Army

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-04

    The addition of operations other than war to military lexicology greatly assists to define the role of the Army in support of domestic missions but...transportation, linguists , and health services directly translate to the domestic environment. This critical skills are essential for disaster

  1. Simulations of KSTAR high performance steady state operation scenarios

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Na, Yong-Su; Kessel, C. E.; Park, J. M.; Yi, Sumin; Becoulet, A.; Sips, A. C. C.; Kim, J. Y.

    2009-11-01

    We report the results of predictive modelling of high performance steady state operation scenarios in KSTAR. Firstly, the capabilities of steady state operation are investigated with time-dependent simulations using a free-boundary plasma equilibrium evolution code coupled with transport calculations. Secondly, the reproducibility of high performance steady state operation scenarios developed in the DIII-D tokamak, of similar size to that of KSTAR, is investigated using the experimental data taken from DIII-D. Finally, the capability of ITER-relevant steady state operation is investigated in KSTAR. It is found that KSTAR is able to establish high performance steady state operation scenarios; βN above 3, H98(y, 2) up to 2.0, fBS up to 0.76 and fNI equals 1.0. In this work, a realistic density profile is newly introduced for predictive simulations by employing the scaling law of a density peaking factor. The influence of the current ramp-up scenario and the transport model is discussed with respect to the fusion performance and non-inductive current drive fraction in the transport simulations. As observed in the experiments, both the heating and the plasma current waveforms in the current ramp-up phase produce a strong effect on the q-profile, the fusion performance and also on the non-inductive current drive fraction in the current flattop phase. A criterion in terms of qmin is found to establish ITER-relevant steady state operation scenarios. This will provide a guideline for designing the current ramp-up phase in KSTAR. It is observed that the transport model also affects the predictive values of fusion performance as well as the non-inductive current drive fraction. The Weiland transport model predicts the highest fusion performance as well as non-inductive current drive fraction in KSTAR. In contrast, the GLF23 model exhibits the lowest ones. ITER-relevant advanced scenarios cannot be obtained with the GLF23 model in the conditions given in this work. Finally

  2. Simulations of KSTAR high performance steady state operation scenarios

    SciTech Connect

    Na, Y S; Kessel, C. E.; Park, Jin Myung; Yi, Sumin; Becoulet, A.; Sips, A C C; Kim, J Y

    2009-01-01

    We report the results of predictive modelling of high performance steady state operation scenarios in KSTAR. Firstly, the capabilities of steady state operation are investigated with time-dependent simulations using a free-boundary plasma equilibrium evolution code coupled with transport calculations. Secondly, the reproducibility of high performance steady state operation scenarios developed in the DIII-D tokamak, of similar size to that of KSTAR, is investigated using the experimental data taken from DIII-D. Finally, the capability of ITER-relevant steady state operation is investigated in KSTAR. It is found that KSTAR is able to establish high performance steady state operation scenarios; beta(N) above 3, H-98(y, 2) up to 2.0, f(BS) up to 0.76 and f(NI) equals 1.0. In this work, a realistic density profile is newly introduced for predictive simulations by employing the scaling law of a density peaking factor. The influence of the current ramp-up scenario and the transport model is discussed with respect to the fusion performance and non-inductive current drive fraction in the transport simulations. As observed in the experiments, both the heating and the plasma current waveforms in the current ramp-up phase produce a strong effect on the q-profile, the fusion performance and also on the non-inductive current drive fraction in the current flattop phase. A criterion in terms of q(min) is found to establish ITER-relevant steady state operation scenarios. This will provide a guideline for designing the current ramp-up phase in KSTAR. It is observed that the transport model also affects the predictive values of fusion performance as well as the non-inductive current drive fraction. The Weiland transport model predicts the highest fusion performance as well as non-inductive current drive fraction in KSTAR. In contrast, the GLF23 model exhibits the lowest ones. ITER-relevant advanced scenarios cannot be obtained with the GLF23 model in the conditions given in this work

  3. Lessons from the Past: Vital Factors Influencing Military Advisors in Korea, Vietnam, and Afghanistan

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-01

    Military Advisory Group ROK Republic of Korea RVNAF Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces SAO Security Assistance Operations SCO Security Cooperation...Reconstruction. 2010. Quarterly report to the United States Congress. Third Quarter. 14 3 Rod Norland. “Showcase Afghan Army Mission Turns Into Debacle...Assistance Operations ( SAO ), such as those conducted by the United States and NTM-A in Afghanistan, military advisors play a key role. In order to assess

  4. 21st Century Military Reform: Will the United States Be Prepared to Face Future Threats?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-09

    09-04-2012 2. REPORT TYPE Master of Military Studies Research Paper 3 . DATES COVERED (From - To) September 2011 - April 2012 4. TITLE AND...etc. 3 . DATES COVERED . Indicate the time during which the work was performed and the report was written, e.g., Jun 1997 - Jun 1998; 1-10 Jun 1996... 3 . 38 James F. Dunnigan and Raymond M Macedonia, 97. 39 Thomas Withington, What If We Battled a Real Army?” Long Island Newsday, August 27,2003

  5. Bacterial species diversity in cigarettes linked to an investigation of severe pneumonitis in U.S. Military personnel deployed in operation iraqi freedom.

    PubMed

    Rooney, Alejandro P; Swezey, James L; Wicklow, Donald T; McAtee, Matthew J

    2005-07-01

    This report presents results from a study on the bacterial diversity of cigarette brands collected from military personnel during the U.S. Army's investigation of a series of cases of acute eosinophilic pneumonitis in military personnel deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Eight species of Bacillus, including five new species, and one new species of Kurthia were isolated from the cigarettes. Some of these species have been identified elsewhere as causes of hypersensitivity pneumonitis and other respiratory syndromes. All of the isolates were facultative anaerobes, and many displayed mucoid growth under anaerobic conditions. In addition, many isolates also displayed the ability to form surface biofilms under liquid culture. Although biofilm formation and mucoid growth were not correlated, the former was found to be much more pronounced under anaerobic conditions as opposed to aerobic ones. The implications of these findings are discussed.

  6. A Framework for Developing Management Goals for Species at Risk and Application to Military Installations in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Efroymson, Rebecca Ann; Jager, Yetta; Dale, Virginia H; Westervelt, James D.

    2009-01-01

    A decision framework for setting management goals for species at risk is presented. Species at risk are those whose potential future rarity is of concern. Listing these species as threatened or endangered could potentially result in significant restrictions to activities in resource management areas in order to maintain those species. The management areas in the example application are United States (US) military installations, which are concerned about potential restrictions to military training capacity if species at risk become regulated under the US Endangered Species Act. The decision framework, designed to foster proactive management, has nine steps: identify species at risk on and near the management area, describe available information and potential information gaps for each species, determine the potential distribution of species and their habitat, select metrics for describing species status, assess the status of local population or metapopulation, conduct threat assessment, set and prioritize management goals, develop species management plans, and develop criteria for ending special species management where possible. This framework will aid resource managers in setting management goals that minimally impact human activities while reducing the likelihood that species at risk will become rare in the near future. The benefits of the proactive management set forth in this formal decision framework are that it is impartial, provides a clear procedure, calls for identification of causal relationships that may not be obvious, provides a way to target the most urgent needs, reduces costs, enhances public confidence, and, most importantly, decreases the chance of species becoming more rare.

  7. Framework for Developing Management goals for Species at Risk and Application to Military Installations in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Jager, Yetta; Dale, Virginia H; Westervelt, James D.

    2009-01-01

    A decision framework for setting management goals for species at risk is presented. Species at risk are those whose potential future rarity is of concern. Listing these species as threatened or endangered could potentially result in significant restrictions to activities in resource management areas in order to maintain those species. The decision framework, designed to foster proactive management, has nine steps: identify species at risk on and near the management area, describe available information and potential information gaps for each species, determine the potential distribution of species and their habitat, select metrics for describing species status, assess the status of local population or metapopulation, conduct threat assessment, set and prioritize management goals, develop species management plans, and develop criteria for ending special species management where possible. This framework will aid resource managers in setting management goals that minimally impact human activities while reducing the likelihood that species at risk will become rare in the near future. The management areas in many of the examples are United States (US) military installations, which are concerned about potential restrictions to military training capacity if species at risk become regulated under the US Endangered Species Act. The benefits of the proactive management set forth in this formal decision framework are that it is impartial, provides a clear procedure, calls for identification of causal relationships that may not be obvious, provides a way to target the most urgent needs, reduces costs, enhances public confidence, and, most importantly, decreases the chance of species becoming more rare.

  8. Outbreak of staphylococcal food poisoning from a military unit lunch party - United States, July 2012.

    PubMed

    2013-12-20

    On July 30, 2012, the emergency department at a military hospital was visited by 13 persons seeking care for gastrointestinal illness with onset 2-3 hours after a work lunch party. The hospital responded by opening up temporary evaluation and treatment capacity in primary-care clinics and a progressive-care unit and by diverting one patient to a local civilian hospital. An immediate outbreak investigation was conducted by local military public health personnel with assistance from CDC. Initial epidemiologic analysis implicated "perlo" (a chicken, sausage, and rice dish) and bacterial intoxication as the outbreak mechanism. This enabled public health personnel to 1) recommend no further consumption of perlo and 2) reassure appropriate authorities that no additional ill persons likely would be seeking care and advise that nothing more than supportive care of ill persons likely would be required. After interviewing party attendees, investigators found nine additional persons who met their case definition. Subsequent CDC laboratory analysis of a sample of perlo detected staphylococcal enterotoxin A, supporting the epidemiologic findings. Improper food handling and preparation measures were identified and addressed by the appropriate authorities, who provided additional detailed education on food preparation safety for the persons who prepared the meal.

  9. State of the art survey of network operating systems development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    The results of the State-of-the-Art Survey of Network Operating Systems (NOS) performed for Goddard Space Flight Center are presented. NOS functional characteristics are presented in terms of user communication data migration, job migration, network control, and common functional categories. Products (current or future) as well as research and prototyping efforts are summarized. The NOS products which are revelant to the space station and its activities are evaluated.

  10. On Volterra quadratic stochastic operators with continual state space

    SciTech Connect

    Ganikhodjaev, Nasir; Hamzah, Nur Zatul Akmar

    2015-05-15

    Let (X,F) be a measurable space, and S(X,F) be the set of all probability measures on (X,F) where X is a state space and F is σ - algebraon X. We consider a nonlinear transformation (quadratic stochastic operator) defined by (Vλ)(A) = ∫{sub X}∫{sub X}P(x,y,A)dλ(x)dλ(y), where P(x, y, A) is regarded as a function of two variables x and y with fixed A ∈ F . A quadratic stochastic operator V is called a regular, if for any initial measure the strong limit lim{sub n→∞} V{sup n }(λ) is exists. In this paper, we construct a family of quadratic stochastic operators defined on the segment X = [0,1] with Borel σ - algebra F on X , prove their regularity and show that the limit measure is a Dirac measure.

  11. Co-operativity in a nanocrystalline solid-state transition.

    PubMed

    White, Sarah L; Smith, Jeremy G; Behl, Mayank; Jain, Prashant K

    2013-01-01

    Co-operativity is a remarkable phenomenon mostly seen in biology, where initial reaction events significantly alter the propensity of subsequent reaction events, giving rise to a nonlinear tightly regulated synergistic response. Here we have found unique evidence of atomic level co-operativity in an inorganic material. A thousand-atom nanocrystal (NC) of the inorganic solid cadmium selenide exhibits strong positive co-operativity in its reaction with copper ions. A NC doped with a few copper impurities becomes highly prone to be doped even further, driving an abrupt transition of the entire NC to the copper selenide phase, as manifested by a strongly sigmoidal response in optical spectroscopy and electron diffraction measurements. The examples presented here suggest that cooperative phenomena may have an important role in the solid state, especially in the nucleation of new chemical phases, crystal growth, and other materials' transformations.

  12. Co-operativity in a nanocrystalline solid-state transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, Sarah L.; Smith, Jeremy G.; Behl, Mayank; Jain, Prashant K.

    2013-12-01

    Co-operativity is a remarkable phenomenon mostly seen in biology, where initial reaction events significantly alter the propensity of subsequent reaction events, giving rise to a nonlinear tightly regulated synergistic response. Here we have found unique evidence of atomic level co-operativity in an inorganic material. A thousand-atom nanocrystal (NC) of the inorganic solid cadmium selenide exhibits strong positive co-operativity in its reaction with copper ions. A NC doped with a few copper impurities becomes highly prone to be doped even further, driving an abrupt transition of the entire NC to the copper selenide phase, as manifested by a strongly sigmoidal response in optical spectroscopy and electron diffraction measurements. The examples presented here suggest that cooperative phenomena may have an important role in the solid state, especially in the nucleation of new chemical phases, crystal growth, and other materials’ transformations.

  13. Steady state plasma operation in RF dominated regimes on EAST

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, X. J.; Zhao, Y. P.; Gong, X. Z.; Hu, C. D.; Liu, F. K.; Hu, L. Q.; Wan, B. N. Li, J. G.

    2015-12-10

    Significant progress has recently been made on EAST in the 2014 campaign, including the enhanced CW H&CD system over 20MW heating power (LHCD, ICRH and NBI), more than 70 diagnostics, ITER-like W-monoblock on upper divertor, two inner cryo-pumps and RMP coils, enabling EAST to investigate long pulse H mode operation with dominant electron heating and low torque to address the critical issues for ITER. H-mode plasmas were achieved by new H&CD system or 4.6GHz LHCD alone for the first time. Long pulse high performance H mode has been obtained by LHCD alone up to 28s at H{sub 98}∼1.2 or by combing of ICRH and LHCD, no or small ELM was found in RF plasmas, which is essential for steady state operation in the future Tokamak. Plasma operation in low collision regimes were implemented by new 4.6GHz LHCD with core Te∼4.5keV. The non-inductive scenarios with high performance at high bootstrap current fraction have been demonstrated in RF dominated regimes for long pulse operation. Near full non-inductive CD discharges have been achieved. In addition, effective heating and decoupling method under multi-transmitter for ICRF system were developed in this campaign, etc. EAST could be in operation with over 30MW CW heating and current drive power (LHCD ICRH NBI and ECRH), enhanced diagnostic capabilities and full actively-cooled metal wall from 2015. It will therefore allow to access new confinement regimes and to extend these regimes towards to steady state operation.

  14. Steady state plasma operation in RF dominated regimes on EAST

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, X. J.; Zhao, Y. P.; Gong, X. Z.; Hu, C. D.; Liu, F. K.; Hu, L. Q.; Wan, B. N.; Li, J. G.

    2015-12-01

    Significant progress has recently been made on EAST in the 2014 campaign, including the enhanced CW H&CD system over 20MW heating power (LHCD, ICRH and NBI), more than 70 diagnostics, ITER-like W-monoblock on upper divertor, two inner cryo-pumps and RMP coils, enabling EAST to investigate long pulse H mode operation with dominant electron heating and low torque to address the critical issues for ITER. H-mode plasmas were achieved by new H&CD system or 4.6GHz LHCD alone for the first time. Long pulse high performance H mode has been obtained by LHCD alone up to 28s at H98˜1.2 or by combing of ICRH and LHCD, no or small ELM was found in RF plasmas, which is essential for steady state operation in the future Tokamak. Plasma operation in low collision regimes were implemented by new 4.6GHz LHCD with core Te˜4.5keV. The non-inductive scenarios with high performance at high bootstrap current fraction have been demonstrated in RF dominated regimes for long pulse operation. Near full non-inductive CD discharges have been achieved. In addition, effective heating and decoupling method under multi-transmitter for ICRF system were developed in this campaign, etc. EAST could be in operation with over 30MW CW heating and current drive power (LHCD ICRH NBI and ECRH), enhanced diagnostic capabilities and full actively-cooled metal wall from 2015. It will therefore allow to access new confinement regimes and to extend these regimes towards to steady state operation.

  15. Contractors Supporting Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    that name. However, it was soon in common usage and the Walt Disney organization eventually designed a logo for the unit showing a winged tiger...from World War Two and their Lessons for Today...primarily World War II. Rather than attempting to survey a catalog of issues, this research concentrates on a narrow set of issues. The issues

  16. Kansas State University (KSU), DOE EV Site Operator Program

    SciTech Connect

    Hague, J.R.

    1992-11-17

    Kansas State University, with funding support from federal, state, public, and private companies, is participating in the Department of Energy's Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Through participation in this program, Kansas State is demonstrating, testing, and evaluating electric or hybrid vehicle technology. This participation will provide organizations the opportunity to examine the latest EHV prototypes under actual operating conditions. KSU proposes to purchase one (1) electric or hybrid van and four (4) electric cars during the first two years of this five-year program. KSU has purchased one G-Van built by Conceptor Industries, Toronto, Canada and has initiated a procurement order to purchase two (2) Soleq 1992 Ford EVcort station wagons. The G-Van has been signed in order for the public to be aware that this is an electric drive vehicle. Financial participant's names have been stenciled on the back door of the van. This vehicle is available for short term loan to interested utilities and companies. When other vehicles are obtained, the G-Van will be maintained on K-State's campus.

  17. Comparing military and civilian critical thinking and information processes in operational risk management: what are the lessons?

    PubMed

    VanVactor, Jerry D; Gill, Tony

    2010-03-01

    Business continuity has expanded into a discipline that spans most functional areas of large enterprises. Both the military and financial sectors have consistently demonstrated an aptitude to expand the boundaries of continuity planning and crisis mitigation. A comparison of both enterprises is provided to see how their respective methodologies compare. Interestingly, the similarities far outweigh the differences. The paper provides commentary related to comparative insight from risk practitioners' perspectives from within the US Army, one of the largest military organisations in the world, and the Bank of Montreal, one of Canada's leading financial institutions.

  18. Geographic mapping of HIV infection among civilian applicants for United States military service.

    PubMed

    Bautista, Christian T; Sateren, Warren B; Sanchez, José L; Singer, Darrell E; Scott, Paul

    2008-09-01

    We assessed the geographic distribution of HIV infection among civilian applicants for US military service. High smoothed HIV prevalences were observed among white applicants in California, Texas, Florida, New York, and New Jersey, and among African-American applicants in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Washington DC, North and South Carolina, Florida, and California. Three HIV spatial clusters were found among whites: New York/New Jersey, southern California, and in south and central Texas. Among African-Americans, three HIV spatial clusters were found: New York/New Jersey, Washington DC/Virginia, and south and central California. The South accounted for a significant proportion of HIV-infected African-American applicants.

  19. Diversity and distribution of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in a military area in the state of Amazonas, Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Gomes, Luís Henrique Monteiro; Albuquerque, Maria Ivonei Carvalho; da Rocha, Liliane Coelho; Pinheiro, Francimeire Gomes; Franco, Antonia Maria Ramos

    2013-01-01

    This study reports the distribution, ecotopes and fauna diversity of sandflies captured in five training bases on a military reserve in Manaus, state of Amazonas (AM). A total of 10,762 specimens were collected, which were distributed among 58 species, with the highest number recorded at Base Instruction 1 (BI1). A higher rate of species richness was found at the Base Instruction Boina Rajada and low levels of diversity associated with a high abundance index with the clear dominance of Lutzomyia umbratilis, Lutzomyia ruii and Lutzomyia anduzei were found at BI1. The abundance of Lu. umbratilis raises the possibility of outbreaks of American cutaneous leishmaniasis by the main vector of the disease in AM. PMID:23903983

  20. The United States national volcanic ash operations plan for aviation

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Albersheim, Steven; Guffanti, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    Volcanic-ash clouds are a known hazard to aviation, requiring that aircraft be warned away from ash-contaminated airspace. The exposure of aviation to potential hazards from volcanoes in the United States is significant. In support of existing interagency operations to detect and track volcanic-ash clouds, the United States has prepared a National Volcanic Ash Operations Plan for Aviation to strengthen the warning process in its airspace. The US National Plan documents the responsibilities, communication protocols, and prescribed hazard messages of the Federal Aviation Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Geological Survey, and Air Force Weather Agency. The plan introduces a new message format, a Volcano Observatory Notice for Aviation, to provide clear, concise information about volcanic activity, including precursory unrest, to air-traffic controllers (for use in Notices to Airmen) and other aviation users. The plan is online at http://www.ofcm.gov/p35-nvaopa/pdf/FCM-P35-2007-NVAOPA.pdf. While the plan provides general operational practices, it remains the responsibility of the federal agencies involved to implement the described procedures through orders, directives, etc. Since the plan mirrors global guidelines of the International Civil Aviation Organization, it also provides an example that could be adapted by other countries.

  1. Effect of oxygen-absorbing packaging on the shelf life of a liquid-based component of military operational rations.

    PubMed

    Gomes, Carmen; Castell-Perez, M Elena; Chimbombi, Ezekiel; Barros, Frederico; Sun, Dazhi; Liu, Jia Daniel; Sue, Hung-Jue; Sherman, Peter; Dunne, Patrick; Wright, Alan O

    2009-01-01

    Oxygen within the sealed package can reduce the quality of liquid-based food products with high oil content such as hot-filled meal-ready-to-eat (MRE) cheese spread, a component of military operational rations. The aim of this study was to test a novel oxygen absorber-containing laminate material and its ability to maintain and/or extend shelf life of a cheese-spread MRE item. An iron-based oxygen absorber (ABSO(2)RB(R)) activated by moisture was incorporated into the laminate and used to pack hot-filled cheese spread MREs. The kinetics of oxygen absorption due to humidity and temperature were characterized and peel tests performed to ensure pouch seal integrity. Accelerated shelf-life tests of ABSO(2)RB and regular MRE pouches without the O(2)-absorber were conducted for 3 mo at 51.7 degrees C (125 degrees F), and 6 mo at 37.8 degrees C (100 degrees F) by measuring oxygen concentration (Mocon O(2)-analyzer), microbiological, and physicochemical quality characteristics, including color, texture, moisture, free fatty acid (FFA), pH, water activity, and vitamins and A. Pouches stored at 26.7 degrees C (80 degrees F) for 12 mo served as calibrated controls. Consumer tests were conducted in-house and a confirmatory sensory test was conducted at Natick by a trained panel using a 9-point hedonic scale. ABSO(2)RB-laminates maintain the same seal integrity and strength as those of the control samples. The headspace oxygen concentrations in these pouches reached (P < 0.05) < 0.5% in 11 d of storage at 26.7 degrees C (80 degrees F) and remained below this level throughout the storage period (1 y). No microbial growth (aerobic, coliforms, yeast, and molds) was detected (P < 0.05) for both packages. Overall, the ABSO(2)RB-pouches indicate an improved reduction in oxygen and vitamin C retention compared with MRE controls and maintained product quality (physicochemical and organoleptic). ABSO(2)RB-laminates met the accelerated shelf-life requirement of 1 mo at 51.7 degrees C

  2. Bibliography of Women: A Survey of Women Past and Present as Reflected by the Holdings of the United States Military Academy Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Earl, Martha M., Comp.

    The publication of this bibliography on "Women" is an appropriate event in that it closely follows the passage of the law which for the first time permits women to enter the United States Military Academy in its 173 year history. Over 500 titles are presently extant in the USMA Library collection on the subject of women, representing woman's role…

  3. Use of the MBTI as a Predictor of Successful Academic and Military Performance at the United States Coast Guard Academy. Report 10-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, John C., III

    This study provides an analysis of a random sample of 100 cadets from the United States Coast Guard Academy class of 1993. Emphasis is placed on the cadets' academic achievements, their military performance, and their resignation status to determine whether the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) preferences can be used to predict success in these…

  4. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 372 - Overseas Military Personnel Charter Operator's Surety Bond Under Part 372 of the Special...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Overseas Military Personnel Charter... CFR Part 372) A Appendix A to Part 372 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF... (X-57), Office of Aviation Analysis, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590,...

  5. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Military Academy. 575.1 Section 575.1 National... MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.1 Military Academy. (a) Organization and administration. (1) The United States Military Academy is under the general direction and supervision of the Department of the Army....

  6. Operative contractility: a functional concept of the inotropic state.

    PubMed

    Curiel, Roberto; Perez-Gonzalez, Juan; Torres, Edwar; Landaeta, Ruben; Cerrolaza, Miguel

    2005-10-01

    1. Initial unsuccessful attempts to evaluate ventricular function in terms of the 'heart as a pump' led to focusing on the 'heart as a muscle' and to the concept of myocardial contractility. However, no clinically ideal index exists to assess the contractile state. The aim of the present study was to develop a mathematical model to assess cardiac contractility. 2. A tri-axial system was conceived for preload (PL), afterload (AL) and contractility, where stroke volume (SV) was represented as the volume of the tetrahedron. Based on this model, 'operative' contractility ('OperCon') was calculated from the readily measured values of PL, AL and SV. The model was tested retrospectively under a variety of different experimental and clinical conditions, in 71 studies in humans and 29 studies in dogs. A prospective echocardiographic study was performed in 143 consecutive subjects to evaluate the ability of the model to assess contractility when SV and PL were measured volumetrically (mL) or dimensionally (cm). 3. With inotropic interventions, OperCon changes were comparable to those of ejection fraction (EF), velocity of shortening (Vcf) and dP/dt-max. Only with positive inotropic interventions did elastance (Ees) show significantly larger changes. With load manipulations, OperCon showed significantly smaller changes than EF and Ees and comparable changes to Vcf and dP/dt-max. Values of OperCon were similar when AL was represented by systolic blood pressure or wall stress and when volumetric or dimensional values were used. 4. Operative contractility is a reliable, simple and versatile method to assess cardiac contractility.

  7. Automatic Facial Expression Recognition and Operator Functional State

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blanson, Nina

    2011-01-01

    The prevalence of human error in safety-critical occupations remains a major challenge to mission success despite increasing automation in control processes. Although various methods have been proposed to prevent incidences of human error, none of these have been developed to employ the detection and regulation of Operator Functional State (OFS), or the optimal condition of the operator while performing a task, in work environments due to drawbacks such as obtrusiveness and impracticality. A video-based system with the ability to infer an individual's emotional state from facial feature patterning mitigates some of the problems associated with other methods of detecting OFS, like obtrusiveness and impracticality in integration with the mission environment. This paper explores the utility of facial expression recognition as a technology for inferring OFS by first expounding on the intricacies of OFS and the scientific background behind emotion and its relationship with an individual's state. Then, descriptions of the feedback loop and the emotion protocols proposed for the facial recognition program are explained. A basic version of the facial expression recognition program uses Haar classifiers and OpenCV libraries to automatically locate key facial landmarks during a live video stream. Various methods of creating facial expression recognition software are reviewed to guide future extensions of the program. The paper concludes with an examination of the steps necessary in the research of emotion and recommendations for the creation of an automatic facial expression recognition program for use in real-time, safety-critical missions.

  8. Constructing Hadamard States via an Extended Møller Operator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dappiaggi, Claudio; Drago, Nicolo'

    2016-11-01

    We consider real scalar field theories, whose dynamics is ruled by normally hyperbolic operators differing only by a smooth potential V. By means of an extension of the standard definition of Møller operator, we construct an isomorphism between the associated spaces of smooth solutions and between the associated algebras of observables. On the one hand, such isomorphism is non-canonical, since it depends on the choice of a smooth time-dependant cut-off function {χ}. On the other hand, given any quasi-free Hadamard state for a theory with a given V, such isomorphism allows for the construction of another quasi-free Hadamard state for a different potential. The resulting state preserves also the invariance under the action of any isometry, whose associated Killing field {ξ} is complete and fulfilling both L_ξ V=0 and L_ξχ=0. Eventually, we discuss a sufficient condition to remove on static spacetimes, the dependence on the cutoff via a suitable adiabatic limit.

  9. Automatic Facial Expression Recognition and Operator Functional State

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blanson, Nina

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence of human error in safety-critical occupations remains a major challenge to mission success despite increasing automation in control processes. Although various methods have been proposed to prevent incidences of human error, none of these have been developed to employ the detection and regulation of Operator Functional State (OFS), or the optimal condition of the operator while performing a task, in work environments due to drawbacks such as obtrusiveness and impracticality. A video-based system with the ability to infer an individual's emotional state from facial feature patterning mitigates some of the problems associated with other methods of detecting OFS, like obtrusiveness and impracticality in integration with the mission environment. This paper explores the utility of facial expression recognition as a technology for inferring OFS by first expounding on the intricacies of OFS and the scientific background behind emotion and its relationship with an individual's state. Then, descriptions of the feedback loop and the emotion protocols proposed for the facial recognition program are explained. A basic version of the facial expression recognition program uses Haar classifiers and OpenCV libraries to automatically locate key facial landmarks during a live video stream. Various methods of creating facial expression recognition software are reviewed to guide future extensions of the program. The paper concludes with an examination of the steps necessary in the research of emotion and recommendations for the creation of an automatic facial expression recognition program for use in real-time, safety-critical missions

  10. Extending the Thin Blue Line: Constabulary Police Development in Phase Zero Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-16

    Police assets in conjunction with Special Operations Forces (SOF), the US Department of State, and other intergovernmental agencies to train and...Military Police assets in conjunction with Special Operations Forces (SOF), the US Department of State, and other intergovernmental agencies to train and...Military Police teams in Phase Zero operations, in conjunction with Special Operations Forces (SOF), the US Department of State, and other

  11. A Methodology for Examining Collateral Effects on Military Operations during a Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and/or Nuclear Attack - Operational Effectiveness Loss Multiplier (OELM)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-04-01

    heat stress while wearing protective equipment,22 adverse reactions to medical countermeasures, or psychological stress experienced by those...the decontamination procedures for chemical-, biological-, and nuclear-agent incidences. An examination of these procedures reveals virtually ...Values need to determine losses due to CS are difficult to establish because data pertaining to psychological stress effects of military personnel in

  12. 77 FR 42492 - Clean Air Act Operating Permit Program; Petition for Objection to State Operating Permit for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ... AGENCY Clean Air Act Operating Permit Program; Petition for Objection to State Operating Permit for... of final order on petition to object to a state operating permit. SUMMARY: Pursuant to Clean Air Act... permit issued by the Kentucky Division for Air Quality (KDAQ) to Kentucky Syngas, LLC (KSG) for...

  13. Longitudinal assessment of gender differences in the development of PTSD among US military personnel deployed in support of the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Isabel G; Donoho, Carrie J; Crum-Cianflone, Nancy F; Maguen, Shira

    2015-09-01

    Divergent findings from previous research examining gender differences in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among US military members deployed to the operations in Iraq or Afghanistan (recent operations) prompted this study utilizing a matching approach to examine whether risk for new-onset PTSD and PTSD severity scores differed by gender. US military members from the Millennium Cohort Study deployed in support of the recent operations were followed for approximately 7 years from baseline through 2 follow-up periods between 2001 and 2008. Propensity score matching was used to match 1 male to each female using demographic, military, and behavioral factors including baseline sexual assault. Analyses were stratified by combat experience defined as reporting at least one of five exposures during follow-up. Outcome measures included a positive screen for PTSD and severity scores measured by the PTSD Patient Checklist-Civilian Version. Discrete-time survival analysis quantified the association between gender and incident PTSD. Among 4684 matched subjects (2342 women and men), 6.7% of women and 6.1% of men developed PTSD during follow-up. Results showed no significant gender differences for the likelihood of developing PTSD or for PTSD severity scores among women and men who reported combat experience and among those who did not. This study is the first of its kind to match a large population of male and female service members on important baseline characteristics including sexual assault. Findings suggest that while combat deployed personnel develop PTSD, women do not have a significantly different risk for developing PTSD than men after experiencing combat.

  14. Music in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Amanda

    1981-01-01

    Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

  15. CTS (Hermes): United States experiments and operations summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Donoughe, P. L.; Hunczak, H. R.

    1977-01-01

    The Communications Technology Satellite, launched in January 1976 and embodying the highest power transmitter in a communications satellite, was considered. As a joint program between the U.S. and Canada, close coordination of the two countries was necessitated since the management and control of experiments were done in real time. Criteria used by NASA for acceptance of the United States experiments are noted and acceptance procedures are discussed. The category for each accepted experiment is given. The modus operandi employed for the U.S. experiments in the areas of management, coordination, liaison, and real time operation are described. Some of the highlights associated with satellite utilization are given.

  16. Consequences of Making Weight: A Review of Eating Disorder Symptoms and Diagnoses in the United States Military

    PubMed Central

    Bodell, Lindsay; Forney, Katherine Jean; Keel, Pamela; Gutierrez, Peter; Joiner, Thomas E.

    2015-01-01

    Eating disorders are serious psychiatric illnesses associated with health problems. Such problems may compromise military performance, highlighting the need to establish the level of eating pathology that exists in military samples. This article qualitatively reviews prevalence estimates of eating disorder symptoms and diagnoses in military samples, providing nonmilitary estimates for context. Findings suggest that eating disorder symptoms are prevalent in cadets and active duty service members, especially when using self-report measures. The increased salience of weight in the military and increased exposure to trauma may influence risk for eating disorders. Alternatively, individuals at risk for eating disorders may self-select into the military. Overall, this review suggests that eating disorder symptoms are common in military samples and that further research is warranted. PMID:25642105

  17. Operations of Majorana Bound States in Charge-qubit Arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mao, Ting; Wang, Zidan

    2014-03-01

    The experimental pursuit of Majorana bound state (MBS) in one-dimensional (1D) solid state systems has been brought into the limelight since the proposal of Kitaev's toy lattice model. Here we use the inductively coupled charge-qubit array to realize a tunable Kitaev model. With the advantages of the superconducting-qubit circuit, we can manipulate the parameters of Kitaev model and change the symmetry class to which the model Hamiltonian belongs from the class D to the class BDI. We also discuss a simple class DIII model constructed by coupling two copies of the class D charge-qubit array. Using the time reversal symmetry and a residual U(1) spin rotation symmetry of the model, we explore the possibility of implementing universal single topological qubit operations.

  18. Evaluating the U.S. Military’s Development of Strategic and Operational Doctrine for Non-Lethal Weapons in a Complex Security Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Another book by Nick Lewer and Steven Schofield, Non-Lethal Weapons: A Fatal Attraction?8, expresses concern about the development and misuse of...of weapons and use military-style tactics and operational behavior.”9 Nick Lewer also edited a more recent book, The Future of Non-Lethal Weapons...Weapons,” The Future of Non-Lethal Weapons, edited by Nick Lewer (Portland 2002), 46. 84CSIS, “Non-Lethal Weapons Policy Study,” p. 12. 85Ibid

  19. Persistence of serogroup C antibody responses following quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccination in United States military personnel.

    PubMed

    Patel, Manisha; Romero-Steiner, Sandra; Broderick, Michael P; Thomas, Cynthia G; Plikaytis, Brian D; Schmidt, Daniel S; Johnson, Scott E; Milton, Andrea S; Carlone, George M; Clark, Thomas A; Messonnier, Nancy E; Cohn, Amanda C; Faix, Dennis J

    2014-06-24

    Serogroup C meningococcal (MenC) disease accounts for one-third of all meningococcal cases and causes meningococcal outbreaks in the U.S. Quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine conjugated to diphtheria toxoid (MenACYWD) was recommended in 2005 for adolescents and high risk groups such as military recruits. We evaluated anti-MenC antibody persistence in U.S. military personnel vaccinated with either MenACYWD or meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4). Twelve hundred subjects vaccinated with MenACYWD from 2006 to 2008 or MPSV4 from 2002 to 2004 were randomly selected from the Defense Medical Surveillance System. Baseline serologic responses to MenC were assessed in all subjects; 100 subjects per vaccine group were tested during one of the following six post-vaccination time-points: 5-7, 11-13, 17-19, 23-25, 29-31, or 35-37 months. Anti-MenC geometric mean titers (GMT) were measured by rabbit complement serum bactericidal assay (rSBA) and geometric mean concentrations (GMC) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Continuous variables were compared using the Wilcoxon rank sum test and the proportion of subjects with an rSBA titer ≥ 8 by chi-square. Pre-vaccination rSBA GMT was <8 for the MenACWYD group. rSBA GMT increased to 703 at 5-7 months post-vaccination and decreased by 94% to 43 at 3 years post-vaccination. GMT was significantly lower in the MenACWYD group at 5-7 months post-vaccination compared to the MPSV4 group. The percentage of MenACWYD recipients achieving an rSBA titer of ≥ 8 decreased from 87% at 5-7 months to 54% at 3 years. There were no significant differences between vaccine groups in the proportion of subjects with a titer of ≥ 8 at any time-point. GMC for the MenACWYD group was 0.14 μg/mL at baseline, 1.07 μg/mL at 5-7 months, and 0.66 μg/mL at 3 years, and significantly lower than the MPSV4 group at all time-points. Anti-MenC responses wane following vaccination with MenACYWD; a booster dose is needed to maintain protective levels

  20. A Military Campaign Against Gangs: Internal Security Operations in the United States by Active Duty Forces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-14

    gangs sprouted as a direct result of the threat from the CRIPs . One of the more well known of these new gangs is the Bloods . Figure 2 - Spread Of The... CRIPs , red for BLOODs , etc. In addition gang members often associate themselves with designer athletic clothing. The gang’s colors are their uniform, much...associated violence and drugs are a real and growing threat to the security of the nation.’ One of the largest street gangs in the country is the CRIPs

  1. Authorities for Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups: The State of the Debate and Options for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    terrorist threat and the likely trajectory it will take in the coming five years. The second, eliciting the perspectives of legal and policy experts, focused on specific elements of notional versions of a congressional AUMF.

  2. A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate on United States military operations in Libya.

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Sen. McCain, John [R-AZ

    2011-05-23

    05/23/2011 Referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. (text of measure as introduced: CR S3229) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  3. A Retrospective Review of Factors Associated with Vasovasostomies in United States Military Members

    PubMed Central

    Masterson, J.; Avalos, E.; Santomauro, M.; Walters, R.; Marguet, C.; L'Esperance, J.; Drain, D.

    2013-01-01

    Background Men seeking a vasectomy should receive counseling prior to the procedure that includes discussion of later seeking a reversal. We sought to determine demographic factors that may predispose patients to possibly later seek a vasectomy reversal. Methods All U.S. Military electronic health records were searched between 2000 and 2009 for either a vasectomy or vasovasostomy procedure code. Aggregate demographic information was collected and statistical analysis performed. Result A total of 82,945 patients had a vasectomy of which 4,485 had a vasovasostomy resulting in a vasovasostomy-to-vasectomy rate of 5.04%. The average age at vasovasostomy was 34.9±5.0, with an average interval of 4.1±2.2 years. Men undergoing a vasectomy at a younger age were more likely to have a vasovasostomy. Various religions did have statistically significant differences. Within ethnic groups, only Native Americans [OR=1.39 (95% CI 1.198-1.614)] and Asians [OR=0.501 (95% CI 0.364-0.690)] had statistically significant differences when compared to Caucasians. Men with more children at the time of vasectomy were more likely to have a vasovasostomy. Conclusion Younger men, Native Americans, and men with more children at vasectomy were more likely to undergo a vasovasostomy. The reason for these differences is unknown, but this information may assist during pre-vasectomy counseling. PMID:24917734

  4. Steady-state operation of spheromaks by inductive techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Janos, A.

    1984-04-01

    A method to maintain a steady-state spheromak configuration inductively using the S-1 Spheromak device is described. The S-1 Spheromak formation apparatus can be utilized to inject magnetic helicity continuously (C.W., not pulsed or D.C.) into the spheromak configuration after equilibrium is achieved in the linked mode of operation. Oscillation of both poloidal- and toroidal-field currents in the flux core (psi-phi Pumping), with proper phasing, injects a net time-averaged helicity into the plasma. Steady-state maintenance relies on flux conversion, which has been earlier identified. Relevant experimental data from the operation of S-1 are described. Helicity flow has been measured and the proposed injection scheme simulated. In a reasonable time practical voltages and frequencies can inject an amount of helicity comparable to that in the initial plasma. Plasma currents can be maintained or increased. This pumping technique is similar to F-THETA Pumping of a Reversed-Field-Pinch but is applied to this inverse-pinch formation.

  5. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.1 Military Academy. (a) Organization and administration. (1) The United States.... (b) Mission. The mission of the United States Military Academy is to educate, train, and motivate...

  6. Evaluation of the Military Acute Concussion Evaluation for use in combat operations more than 12 hours after injury.

    PubMed

    Coldren, Rodney L; Kelly, Mark P; Parish, Robert V; Dretsch, Michael; Russell, Michael L

    2010-07-01

    The diagnosis and management of concussion can be difficult in a combat environment, especially in the absence of loss of consciousness or post-traumatic amnesia. As no validated test exists to diagnose or grade neurocognitive impairment from a concussion, the military currently employs the Military Acute Concussion Evaluation (MACE) in Iraq. This is a two-part test, which incorporates the standardized assessment of concussion (SAC) as its objective score, although it has not been shown to be valid unless administered shortly after injury. A research team deployed to Iraq between January and April 2009 to examine the validity of several tests of neurocognitive function following a concussion, including the MACE. When administered more than 12 hours after the concussive injury, the MACE lacked sufficient sensitivity and specificity to be clinically useful.

  7. ’For the Cause’ Cadiz and the Peninsular War: Military and Siege Operations from 1808 to 1812

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-01-01

    the established political, economic, and social life of Europe. The impact of French Philosophers such as Voltaire and Montesquieu along with English...French Revolution, such as local self-government, economic freedom for the merchants, and a flexible social structure based on ability, appealed to the...of enthusiasm to carry on the fight. Compounding the military and social situation of the siege, the Junta and Wellesley had to contend with a French

  8. Summary of State Program Operations for Area I States. July 1, 1998-June 30, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

    This document summarizes program operations in adult education and literacy in 14 U.S. states and territories: Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, Vermont, and the Virgin Islands. Special attention is paid to efforts in six…

  9. Kansas State University Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program

    SciTech Connect

    Hague, J.R.; Steinert, R.A.; Nissen-Pfrang, T.

    1991-01-01

    During the past fifteen years Kansas State's faculty has been involved in research of alternative fuel vehicles. From formulation of fuels and automotive fuel storage to development of electronic controls, K-State's faculty research has been ongoing. With the increased awareness of what is occurring to the world's environment, the catalyst -- to ensure applied results from faculty research will occur -- has been activated. The Department of Energy's Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program is the platform being used to demonstrate international efforts to bring a more acceptable daily mode of transportation to our highways. The first new electrical vehicle procured at K-State in the last ten years, a G-Van, is a technological dinosaur. It does not incorporate leading edge control or drive systems nor does it provide the type of vehicle frame and body to meet a majority of the daily commuter needs required by the American market. Yet, this vehicle represents initial efforts to bring a federally crash certified vehicle to the commercial automotive market. As such, it is an evolutionary step in the mass production of electric vehicle products.

  10. Evaluating the Validity of the U.S. Military’s Global Empire

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-26

    Military ’ s Global Empire Sb. GRANT NUMBER Sc. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6.AUTHOR Sd. PROJECT NUMBER Lieutenant Colonel Scott P. Noon , u.s...With this status came an unchecked and impressive global force posture. While the United States dramatically cut the number of personnel in Western...operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, the military remains globally committed in support of a variety of missions and operations. In the currant fiscal

  11. How Can the United States Army Improve Human Intelligence in Peace Operations?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    interrogators of enemy prisoners of war ( EPW ). Its Military Occupation Specialty (MOS) web page 1-1.b defines HUMINT as, The collection of foreign...confinement of EPWs , detainees, and civilian internees (CI), this might also include measurements taken to control the local population or resources such as...of several subcomponents; the G2, the senior intelligence officer and the G2 administration section, Operations, Plans, Staff Weather Office (SWO), and

  12. 40 CFR 72.72 - Criteria for State operating permit program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Phase II Implementation § 72.72 Criteria for State operating permit program. A State operating permit program (including a State Acid Rain program) shall meet... withdrawal of all or part of the Acid Rain portion of an approved State operating permit program by...

  13. 40 CFR 72.72 - Criteria for State operating permit program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Phase II Implementation § 72.72 Criteria for State operating permit program. A State operating permit program (including a State Acid Rain program) shall meet... withdrawal of all or part of the Acid Rain portion of an approved State operating permit program by...

  14. 40 CFR 72.72 - Criteria for State operating permit program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Phase II Implementation § 72.72 Criteria for State operating permit program. A State operating permit program (including a State Acid Rain program) shall meet... withdrawal of all or part of the Acid Rain portion of an approved State operating permit program by...

  15. 40 CFR 72.72 - Criteria for State operating permit program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Phase II Implementation § 72.72 Criteria for State operating permit program. A State operating permit program (including a State Acid Rain program) shall meet... withdrawal of all or part of the Acid Rain portion of an approved State operating permit program by...

  16. 40 CFR 72.72 - Criteria for State operating permit program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Acid Rain Phase II Implementation § 72.72 Criteria for State operating permit program. A State operating permit program (including a State Acid Rain program) shall meet... withdrawal of all or part of the Acid Rain portion of an approved State operating permit program by...

  17. Psychological and Physiological Selection of Military Special Operations Forces Personnel (Selection psychologique et physiologique des militaires des forces d’operations speciales)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-10-01

    Cognitive Function during Stressful Military Training’ Lieutenant-Colonel Tony Littrell Presentation: ‘Overview of USASOC’ viii...physical pressures with quick recovery. In addition, they must be stable and stress -resistant, able to overcome fears, and endure and maintain...these tests into a single battery would be labour intensive and time consuming. Because several studies have demonstrated a strong link between working

  18. Recent Human Factors Contributions to Improve Military Operations (Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Bulletin. Volume 46, Number 12, December 2003)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-12-01

    operations run the full gamut from large-scale, theater-wide combat, as witnessed in Operation Iraqi Freedom, to small-scale operations against terrorists, to... gamut from large-scale, theater-wide combat, as witnessed in Operation Iraqi Freedom, to small-scale operations against terror- ists, to operations

  19. Implications of China’s Growing Military Diplomatic Clout for the United States: Cooperation, Competition or Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited IMPLICATIONS OF...in Asia through its military interactions. vi THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK vii TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION ...BLANK 1 I. INTRODUCTION A. MAJOR RESEARCH QUESTION The military capabilities of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) are improving. One facet

  20. Adaptation to Stress: An Investigation into the Lives of United States Military Families with a Child Who Is Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fallon, Moira A.; Russo, Theresa J.

    2003-01-01

    This study surveyed 253 military families with children who have disabilities to determine if they experienced difficulties in adapting to military life. Responses indicated that 25 percent of children with disabilities were 3 years or younger and 75 percent were age 4 through 6 years. Twenty-one families reported not having adjusted to military…

  1. Assisting Children and Families with Military-Related Disruptions: The United States Marine Corps School Liaison Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aronson, Keith R.; Caldwell, Linda L.; Perkins, Daniel F.; Pasch, Kenneth W.

    2011-01-01

    Military families face a number of unique challenges, including frequent relocations and school transitions, as well as extended separations from loved ones. The military, schools, and communities have been working together to build the capacity of children, youth, and families to successfully cope with the stressors they encounter. Most branches…

  2. 12 CFR 9.7 - Multi-state fiduciary operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... expressly listed in 12 U.S.C. 92a(a), unless the state prohibits its own state banks, trust companies, and...) Any other fiduciary capacity the state permits for its own state banks, trust companies, or other... those states. (e) Application of state law—(1) State laws used in section 92a. The state laws that...

  3. [Intersectoral experience to bridge the gap between human resources in public health and the technical-operational level for Peruvian Voluntary Military Service members].

    PubMed

    Romaní-Romaní, Franco; Curisinche-Rojas, Maricela; Arteaga, Norka Rojas; Lopez, Pedro Riega; Cabezas, César

    2016-01-01

    There is a gap between human resources and technical-operational education that limits the Peruvian health system's ability to implement public health interventions. The Peruvian Ministry of Health, through the National Health Institute and the Ministry of Defense, implemented a Public Health Training Program addressed to young full-time military servicemen, on the basis of the competency profile of a public health technician. The program consists of seven thematic units given in 390 hours, 200 of which correspond to classroom and field practices. Between July 2014 and December 2015, the program has been carried out in 10 venues of the three armed forces, training and certifying 405 young servicemen. The intervention provides the military service with an additional educational benefit, making it more appealing as a chance for development and opens up a line of work in the public health sector for young people in more remote areas. This experience seeks to increase public health-trained human resources to a technical-operational level. In collaboration with regional governments, graduates are expected to be welcomed and included in the public health system.

  4. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, PRC State Council Bulletin, No. 15, 10 June 1985

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    the second category: .1) It must have a travel agency charter that conforms to state regulations; 2) It must have a definite organization and legal...must exist for establishing and running a tourist agency of the third category: 1) It must have a travel agency charter that conforms to the state

  5. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs. PRC State Council Bulletin, No. 17, 10 August 1984

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Approval, Circulation of Commerce Ministry Report on Certain Questions Concerning Restructuring Present Urban Commercial System 6 Commerce...Ministry Report on Certain Questions Concerning Restructuring Present Urban Commercial System 8 State Council Circular on Approval, Circulation of Report...by State Commission for Restructuring Economic System , Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fishery on Further

  6. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  7. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  8. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  9. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  10. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military...

  11. Creating Common Space in Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief: Best Practices for the Operational Commander to Ensure Unity of Effort between Military and Non-Military Organizations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-04

    and Rawle O. King, Piracy off the Horn of Africa (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 28 September 2009), 20-21, and NATO Shipping...Special report. Miami, FL: John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, 2010. http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/VVOS- 8CZN2L?OpenDocument&RSS20...United States Institute of Peace Press, 2007. Ploch, Lauren, Christopher M. Blanchard, Ronald O’Rourke, R. Chuck Mason, and Rawle O. King. Piracy

  12. Skinner boxes for psychotics: Operant conditioning at Metropolitan state hospital

    PubMed Central

    Rutherford, Alexandra

    2003-01-01

    Between 1953 and 1965, Ogden Lindsley and his associates conducted free-operant research with psychiatric inpatients and normal volunteers at Metropolitan State Hospital in Waltham, Massachusetts. Their project, originally named “Studies in Behavior Therapy,” was renamed “Harvard Medical School Behavior Research Laboratory” in 1955. This name change and its implications were significant. The role of the laboratory in the history of the relationship between the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis is discussed. A case is made for viewing Lindsley's early work as foundational for the subfield of the experimental analysis of human behavior that formally coalesced in the early 1980s. The laboratory's work is also contextualized with reference to the psychopharmacological revolution of the 1950s. Finally, a four-stage framework for studying the historical and conceptual development of behavior analysis is proposed. PMID:22478407

  13. Skinner boxes for psychotics: operant conditioning at Metropolitan State Hospital.

    PubMed

    Rutherford, Alexandra

    2003-01-01

    Between 1953 and 1965, Ogden Lindsley and his associates conducted free-operant research with psychiatric inpatients and normal volunteers at Metropolitan State Hospital in Waltham, Massachusetts. Their project, originally named "Studies in Behavior Therapy," was renamed "Harvard Medical School Behavior Research Laboratory" in 1955. This name change and its implications were significant. The role of the laboratory in the history of the relationship between the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis is discussed. A case is made for viewing Lindsley's early work as foundational for the subfield of the experimental analysis of human behavior that formally coalesced in the early 1980s. The laboratory's work is also contextualized with reference to the psychopharmacological revolution of the 1950s. Finally, a four-stage framework for studying the historical and conceptual development of behavior analysis is proposed.

  14. Military Government

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1949-07-01

    CGSC MG MILITARY GOVERNMENT LIBHARY ARI\\’IY WAR COLLEGE CJ\\RLISLE BARRACKS, PAa This text is approved for resident and extension-course...and functions · of ’ military government . It conforms ·substantially to the subject matter , of Field Manual 27-5, Civil Affairs/ Military Government ...Teaching experience at the Command and General Staff College has ···--·demonstrated the need for a military government text which brings to- gether

  15. Not Again! 20th Century Hollow Force Lessons Learned for the 21st Century Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-17

    made without regard to military specialty. In 1961, the United States mobilized 120,000 reservists to beef up the North Atlantic Treaty Organization...the United States can be more selective in the choice and timing of large military hardware production commitments. But it does require maintenance...operational use of horses ended in the 1920’s, yet British artillery units had a seventh man on their Table of Organization whose function was to hold the

  16. Centrarchid assemblages in Mississippi state-operated fishing lakes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Olive, J.A.; Miranda, L.E.; Hubbard, W.D.

    2005-01-01

    We evaluated electrofishing catch per effort in 27 state-operated fishing lakes in Mississippi to identify patterns of centrarchid community composition and to determine whether those patterns were related to selected environmental characteristics and to artificial nutrient enrichment. Ordination with detrended correspondence analysis recognized two major axes accounting for 77% of the variability in species ordination. Axis 1 showed a distinct separation between the body sizes of various species. A notable exception was the density of small (<30 cm) largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides, which aligned with the large individuals of other centrarchid species. This pattern suggested that through predation, high densities of small largemouth bass exerted significant control over the size structure of fish communities. Axis 2 separated species of crappies Pomoxis spp., suggesting that conditions other than strong species interactions also moderated the composition of crappies in the assemblages. However, neither lake morphometry nor watershed composition exhibited a major influence over axes 1 or 2. In small, intensively managed lakes with low habitat complexity, the regulatory importance of biotic interactions may overwhelm that of abiotic factors. Nutrient enrichment influenced community structure by changing the densities of bluegill Lepomis macrochirus and largemouth bass substantially but had a minor or no effect on other species. The management techniques used in these state-operated lakes are usually targeted toward a particular species without adequately considering the other species within the community. Our results show that attention to community-level interactions could provide valuable insight into factors that affect the quality of the fishery, insight that is not available through traditional population-level assessments. ?? Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2005.

  17. Sexual Harassment in the United States Military: The Development of the DoD Survey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-30

    State University Normal, Illinois for The Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute Patrick Air Force Base, Florida United States Navy-ASEE 1988...Month, Day) 5. PAGE COUNT Final FROM 16ay TO _2_3J 880930 20 16. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION Prepared as a part of the Defense Equal Opportunity Management...the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute. 20. DISTRIBUTION /AVAILABILITY OF ABSTRACT 21. ABSTRACT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

  18. The United States Air Force and Humanitarian Airlift Operations 1947-1994

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-01-01

    a new role for the U.S. military. This book attempts to fill a histori- cal gap by addressing humanitarian airlift missions as an important part of...so the reader should not attempt to compare economic losses for various disasters from the figures provided. Organization This book is divided into...as a whole the countries to which they are directed. They allow foreign states to retain economic and political stability in the face of sudden

  19. Symptoms of psychological distress and post-traumatic stress disorder in United States Air Force "drone" operators.

    PubMed

    Chappelle, Wayne L; McDonald, Kent D; Prince, Lillian; Goodman, Tanya; Ray-Sannerud, Bobbie N; Thompson, William

    2014-08-01

    The goal of this study is to repeat a survey administered in 2010 to assess for changes in mental health among United States Air Force aircrew operating Predator/Reaper remotely piloted aircraft, also commonly referred to as "drones." Participants were assessed for self-reported sources of occupational stress, levels of clinical distress using the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using the PTSD Checklist-Military Version. A total of 1,094 aircrew responded to the web-based survey composed of the commercially available standardized instruments mentioned above. The survey also contained nonstandardized items asking participants to report the main sources of their occupational stress, as well as questions addressing demographics and work-related characteristics. The estimated response rate to the survey was 49%. Study results reveal the most problematic self-reported stressors are operational: low manning, extra duties/administrative tasks, rotating shift work, and long hours. The results also reveal 10.72% of operators self-reported experiencing high levels of distress and 1.57% reported high levels of PTSD symptomology. The results are lower than findings from the 2010 survey and from soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Implications of the study and recommendations for United States Air Force line leadership and mental health providers are discussed.

  20. Influenza Risk Management: Lessons Learned from an A(H1N1) pdm09 Outbreak Investigation in an Operational Military Setting

    PubMed Central

    Farrell, Margaret; Sebeny, Peter; Klena, John D.; DeMattos, Cecilia; Pimentel, Guillermo; Turner, Mark; Joseph, Antony; Espiritu, Jennifer; Zumwalt, John; Dueger, Erica

    2013-01-01

    Background At the onset of an influenza pandemic, when the severity of a novel strain is still undetermined and there is a threat of introduction into a new environment, e.g., via the deployment of military troops, sensitive screening criteria and conservative isolation practices are generally recommended. Objectives In response to elevated rates of influenza-like illness among U.S. military base camps in Kuwait, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 partnered with local U.S. Army medical units to conduct an A(H1N1) pdm09 outbreak investigation. Patients/Methods Initial clinical data and nasal specimens were collected via the existent passive surveillance system and active surveillance was conducted using a modified version of the World Health Organization/U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention influenza-like illness case definition [fever (T > 100.5˚F/38˚C) in addition to cough and/or sore throat in the previous 72 hours] as the screening criteria. Samples were tested via real-time reverse-transcription PCR and sequenced for comparison to global A(H1N1) pdm09 viruses from the same time period. Results The screening criteria used in Kuwait proved insensitive, capturing only 16% of A(H1N1) pdm09-positive individuals. While still not ideal, using cough as the sole screening criteria would have increased sensitivity to 73%. Conclusions The results of and lessons learned from this outbreak investigation suggest that pandemic influenza risk management should be a dynamic process (as information becomes available regarding true attack rates and associated mortality, screening and isolation criteria should be re-evaluated and revised as appropriate), and that military operational environments present unique challenges to influenza surveillance. PMID:23874699

  1. 77 FR 5009 - Clean Air Act Operating Permit Program; Petition for Objection to State Operating Permit for Duke...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... object to a Clean Air Act (Act) Title V operating permit for Duke Energy Indiana--Edwardsport Generating... AGENCY Clean Air Act Operating Permit Program; Petition for Objection to State Operating Permit for Duke Energy Indiana--Edwardsport Generating Station AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)....

  2. Foreign Military Sales: A Growing Concern. Departments of State and Defense

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-06-01

    tipoing the United States by 12 perc0nt~ In lY74 this margin was increased to L 50 percent. Soviet arms wore directed at a few ~ountries with Syria...er the sales market . It is also evident that ~any na~ions want ~ot only the eauipment but also the follow-on support and assistance which, when...restraint in * * * the overall level of u.s. arms sales, the percentage of each national defense market the United States enjoys, the

  3. Human Rights and United States Military Humanitarian and Civic Assistance in Latin America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-06-01

    www.catholicrelief. org/where_ we_ work/ africa /sudan/index.cfm Accessed 3 May 2004. 11 Cuny Center. “Greater Efficiency in Humanitarian Assistance Operations...Rather than supporting the legitimacy of the government, the circumstances involving the exercise resulted in a political crisis for the Ecuadorean...www.proquest Accessed 15 November 2003. 98 Ibid. 99 Richard Boudreaux. “ Crisis Accentuated Weaknesses in Ecuador’s Democratic System,” in Los

  4. Advising Host Nations and Host Nation Security Forces: The United States Military Advisory Efforts through 2020

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-22

    Forces AOR Area of Responsibility ARCENT US Army Central ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASI Additional Skill Identifier AWG ...Development (RAND) Corporation, at the bequest of the Army’s Asymmetric Warfare Group ( AWG ) between January and April 2013 in Afghanistan, 58 percent of those...ABCT while deployed. The U.S. Army Asymmetric Warfare Group ( AWG ) conducted an overview of how it provides operational advisory and Solution

  5. [Cell engineering in nephrology: The current state and prospectives from the point of view of military medicine].

    PubMed

    Bel'skih, A N; Golota, A S; Krassii, A B; Nagibovich, O A

    2015-09-01

    This article is dedicated to the current state and prospectives of cell engineering in nephrology from the point of view of military medicine. The review is based on publications from January 1, 2014, to June 1, 2015, and consists of two parts. In the first part the main directions of the cell engineering development are mentioned. The only two clinical trials existed in the field are discussed in more detail. The second part deals with prospectives of cell engineering in nephrology. It is shown that currently this field is in the stage of preclinical experimentation. Of the two known clinical trials the first has failed to demonstrate any effectiveness of cell engineering, the second--will be completed only at the end of 2016. Also, the review notes an extraordinary cost of cell engineering experiments in nephrology. The analysis of publications allows to come to a conclusion that the future progress in prevention and treatment of acute kidney injury could go not in the direction of cell engineering but rather non-cell technologies. One of. the practical consequence of such a conclusion is a necessity to continue the improvement of already existing methods of machine renal replacement therapy.

  6. Terrorist Threat To United States Military Bases - Are We On The Verge Of Another Pearl Harbor?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    George M. Birdsong , Weapons of Mass Destruction-Terrorist Use and the State of Domestic Response (Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, 1997...and Paul T. Gerard, Jr. Combatting the Terrorist Threat. Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, 1985. Birdsong , George M. Weapons of Mass

  7. United States Military Medicine’s Role in Low-Intensity Conflict in Latin America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-14

    distribution is unlliited. U.S. ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS, PENNSYLVANIA 17013 ABSTR’ACT AUTHOR: William E. Gonzale :. COL. MC TITLE: United States...commander with three deputies. Those would be the hospital commander. the USARSO surgec-, and the commander of medical elememt JTF Bravo . 38 Very close

  8. Military Music in the United States: A Historical Examination of Performance and Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleason, Bruce P.

    2015-01-01

    As of 2014, the U.S. Department of Defense is the largest employer of musicians in the United States, with more than 6,000 musicians serving in active-duty, reserve, and National Guard bands. From its dual origins with drums and fifes in infantry units (foot soldiers) and trumpets in the cavalry (horse-mounted troops), music has served crucial…

  9. 47 CFR 11.55 - EAS operation during a State or Local Area emergency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false EAS operation during a State or Local Area... SYSTEM (EAS) Emergency Operations § 11.55 EAS operation during a State or Local Area emergency. (a) All... conducted as specified in State and Local Area EAS Plans. The plans must list all authorized...

  10. 47 CFR 11.55 - EAS operation during a State or Local Area emergency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false EAS operation during a State or Local Area... SYSTEM (EAS) Emergency Operations § 11.55 EAS operation during a State or Local Area emergency. (a) The EAS may be activated at the State and Local Area levels by EAS Participants at their discretion...

  11. Balancing Act: The U. S. Military’s Reliance on Contractors to Fulfill Operational-Level Logistical Requirements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-15

    to deploy forces quickly, provide the longevity to sustain the force during protracted operations, and afford the operational reach to prevent...culmination due to inadequate logistics. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Contractors, Host Nation Support, Contracted Resources, Logistics, Sustainment 16. SECURITY...operational-level commanders have the ability to deploy forces quickly, provide the longevity to sustain the force during protracted operations, and

  12. Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) military mental health issues. Information on the wars' signature wounds: posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury.

    PubMed

    Wieland, Diane; Hursey, Melodee; Delgado, Deborah

    2010-09-01

    This topic can be related to the nursing profession and the need to be better educated on military mental health. Since mood disorder, suicide, alcohol abuse, PTSD and TBI are evident in actively serving and returning service members, it is imperative to educate nurses and healthcare providers about these conditions, the available evidence-based treatments and referrals to programs for these signature OEF/OIF wounds. The authors encourage nurse educators to consider ways to include military mental health and other service-related health issues into nursing curricula and to use Veterans Administration and veterans-related healthcare facilities for clinical courses. As the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq continue into the foreseeable future, many veterans will be seen not only in VA facilities, but they will self-refer to academic and community hospitals, and psychiatric and rehabilitation centers. It is important for all nurses to be aware of the effects of PTSD, depression, suicide, substance abuse and TBI on our patients and to be effective advocates for quality care of veterans in all settings. Nurses need to advocate for screening and provision of mental health services in primary care settings. When such services are offered in primary care settings, it normalizes the care and the service member will more likely allow themselves to receive the care (Jones, 2004). All nurses must understand the price of war experienced by U.S. service members and their families, and in particular, the invisible wounds of war.

  13. 75 FR 62439 - The Entire United States and U.S. Territories; Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-08

    ... conflict or have received notice of an expected call-up, and those employees are essential to the success... duty in his or her role as a military reservist. These loans are intended only to provide the amount...

  14. A Model Midshipman: Factors Related to Academic and Military Success of Prior Enlisted Midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    40 1. Plebe Year Academic Performance..................................................40 2. First Class Year Academic Performance...43 3. Plebe Military Performance..............................................................44 4. First...41 Table 5. Plebe Year CAQPR Regression Output

  15. Examining the relationship between coping strategies and suicidal desire in a sample of United States military personnel.

    PubMed

    Khazem, Lauren R; Law, Keyne C; Green, Bradley A; Anestis, Michael D

    2015-02-01

    Suicidal desire in the military has been previously examined through the lens of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS). However, no research has examined the impact of specific coping strategies on perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicidal ideation in a large population of individuals serving in the US military. Furthermore, the factor structure of previously utilized coping clusters did not apply to our sample of military personnel. Therefore, we found a three-factor solution to be tested in this sample. We hypothesized that specific types of coping behavior clusters (Adaptive and Maladaptive) would predict both IPTS constructs and suicidal ideation. Results indicated that Adaptive and Maladaptive coping clusters predicted the IPTS constructs in the hypothesized directions. However, only the Maladaptive cluster predicted suicidal ideation. These findings implicate the need for further research and suicide prevention efforts focusing on coping strategies, specifically those that are maladaptive in nature, in relation to suicidal ideation in military members.

  16. United States Military Support to American Strategic Goals in the Philippines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-14

    Forces, Joint, National Security, Theater Engagement, Philippines, Department of State (DoS), Strategic 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION ...Approved by: , Thesis Committee Chair Lt Col Brian L. Reece , M.A. , Member Paul D. Van Gorden, M.S. , Member Joseph R...pages of this document. Lastly, I want to the thank the chair of the committee, Lt Col Brian Reece . Thank you for balancing your classes, Air War

  17. A High Power Solid State Circuit Breaker for Military Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    Electric Vehicle Applications Page 2 of 8 Silicon MOSFETs, SiC MOSFETs, and IGBTs are all worth considering with regard to extremely fast...over IGBTs for minimizing the steady- state conduction loss, since the IGBT static losses become quite large at high currents and voltages. MOSFETs...high voltage, high current, and high temperature environments. COMPARISON OF SWITCH TECHNOLOGIES We first compared SiC MOSFET, Si IGBT , and Si

  18. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, PRC State Council Bulletin, No. 13, 20 May 1985

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Natural rubber 55 Soda 56 Caustic soda Excluding sodium hydroxide reagent 57 Calcium carbide 58 Ethylene resin 59 Polypropylene Excluding random...contexts) at the time of purchase or before the vehicle is put into use. Article 4. The purchaser or user (including state organs and PLA units) of the...transportation is a sector of production which is of a service nature , and which should do independent accounting and shoulder sole responsibility for

  19. Non-Military Education and the United States Army: A History

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-01

    way that the Academy functioned through- out its early history, however. In 1834 the General Assem- bly of Ohio sent a resolution to the United States...harnessmaker, and whitesmith, the last being an old term for a worker of "finished" iron or tin. In addition, there would be training as musicians for...commissioned officers, musicians , artificiers, and privates." 1 The effectiveness of these chaplains was lauded by General Winfield Scott in his 1843 report

  20. Public Confidence and the U.S. Military

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-03-16

    drug trafficker, President Manuel Noriega , from power. Following less than a month of tactical operations, the military accepted the surrender of... Noriega on January 3, 1990. Noriega was brought back to the United States for trial and eventually sentenced to forty years in jail on a drug