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Sample records for stimulated luminescence properties

  1. Thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence properties of natural barytes.

    PubMed

    Kitis, G; Kiyak, N G; Polymeris, G S

    2010-12-01

    Heavy, baryte-loaded, concrete is commonly used as radiation shielding material around high energy particle accelerators. Concrete samples received from a shielding block located at CERN cite contain many crystalline inclusions which were identified as barytes by X-ray diffraction analysis and separated by their color, classified as white, orange and green. Basic properties of thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) signals of these barytes samples such as thermal and optical stability, repeatability and mainly the linearity of both their luminescence responses were investigated as a function of beta dose. These results are also discussed regarding detailed investigation on the correlation between TL and OSL signals and their implications for retrospective dosimetry.

  2. On the photo and thermally stimulated luminescence properties of U doped SrBPO{sub 5}

    SciTech Connect

    Kumar, Mithlesh Mohapatra, M.; Natarajan, V.

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Synthesis of SrBPO{sub 5}:U phosphor by solid state route. • Confirmed the stabilization of uranium as UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}. • Evaluation of order of kinetics and trap parameters of the system. • ESR-TSL correlation of the observed glow peak. • Probable mechanism proposed for the TSL glow peak. - Abstract: Un-doped and uranium doped SrBPO{sub 5} samples were synthesized using solid-state reaction route and investigated for their photo and luminescence properties. Photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of uranium doped sample showed five peaks at 502, 524, 547, 569 and 597 nm. The average frequency of symmetric stretching of O=U=O in the ground electronic state was found to be about 757 cm{sup −1}. PL decay time measurements on the system confirmed the stabilization of uranium as UO{sub 2}{sup 2+} in the matrix. Thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) measurements carried out on gamma irradiated SrBPO{sub 5}:U sample showed a glow peak at 390 °K, whose spectral characteristics was found to be typical of UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}. The trap parameters were evaluated using different heating rate method. Room temperature EPR data suggested the formation of borate and oxygen based radical centers in the gamma-irradiated sample. Detailed EPR-TSL correlation studies confirmed the destruction of the oxygen radical to be responsible for the observed glow peak.

  3. Optical, scintillation and thermally stimulated luminescence properties of Ce-doped yttrium-aluminum-indium garnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mori, Masaki; Okada, Go; Kawaguchi, Noriaki; Yanagida, Takayuki

    2017-01-01

    We have investigated the photoluminescence (PL), scintillation and thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) properties of 1 mol % Ce-doped Y3(Al X In1- X )5O12 (X = 0-1 Ce:YAING). These samples showed strong and broad PL emission by Ce3+ ion appeared in the spectral range from 480 to 620 nm. The PL decay profiles can be represented by a first-order exponential function with the decay time ranging 39-62 ns. Furthermore, the scintillation spectra showed similar features with those observed in PL. The scintillation decay time profiles were approximated by second or third order exponential decay functions, and we observed 26-61 ns component due to Ce3+ emission. The X-ray induced afterglow levels of Ce:YAING were worse than that of Ce:Y3Al5O12. The pulse height spectra of Ce:Y3(Al0.26In0.74)5O12 showed a clear photoabsorption peak, and that of the scintillation light yield was around 6,700 photons/MeV. In TSL glow curves, Ce:YAING show the glow peak at around 110 °C.

  4. Luminescence properties of BaTiO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} obtained via microwave stimulated hydrothermal method

    SciTech Connect

    Pazik, R.; Wiglusz, R.J.; Strek, W.

    2009-06-03

    BaTiO{sub 3} nanocrystalline powders doped with the Eu{sup 3+} ions have been prepared using microwave stimulated hydrothermal method (MSHM). Structure, average grain size and morphology of the BaTiO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} were analyzed by means of the X-ray powder diffraction measurements, Raman spectroscopy and SEM microscopy. The luminescence properties and decay times of the hydrothermal BT:Eu{sup 3+} nanocrystalline powders have been investigated as a function of the grain size, dopant concentration, preparation conditions and sintering temperature. It was found that the studied properties are strongly dependent on the grain size of BaTiO{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} nano-crystallites.

  5. [Photo-stimulated and long persistent luminescence properties of Sr3SiO5 : Eu2+, RE3+ (RE = Nd3+, Ho3+, La3+)].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhe; Xu, Xu-hui; Qiu, Jian-bei; Zhang, Xin; Yu, Xue

    2014-06-01

    A series of electron capture materials Sr3SiO5 : Eu2+, RE3+ (RE = Nd3+, Ho3+, La3+) were prepared by high temperature solid state method. The photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) and long afterglow performance were evaluated. After excited by UV light, it showed a strong up-conversion photo-stimulated read-out response when stimulated by 980 nm laser, which is attributed to the existence of deep traps (438 K). This property was especially shown in Sr3 SiO5 : Eu2+, La3+ and Sr3SiO5 : EU2+, Ho3+. Subsequently, the trapping depth and carrier concentration were studied. In this way, we verified the cause of PSL. The calculation of parameters of trapping electron in the thermoluminescence spectrum is through the method of Chen's half width, getting the value of trapping depth under the temperature of 438 K, which contrasts to the energy of 980 nm laser radiation. At the same time, the afterglow performance after co-doping with rare earth ion was greatly improved. The afterglow time of Sr3 SiO5 : Eu2+ , La3+ is up to 12 hours. Research results show that the change in mixed trap structure is the primary cause of photo-stimulated and long persistent luminescence properties.

  6. Neutron dosimetry using optically stimulated luminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, S. D.; Eschbach, P. A.

    1991-06-01

    The addition of thermoluminescent (TL) materials within hydrogenous matrices to detect neutron induced proton recoils for radiation dosimetry is a well known concept. Previous attempts to implement this technique have met with limited success, primarily due to the high temperatures required for TL readout and the low melting temperatures of hydrogen-rich plastics. Research in recent years PNL has produced a new Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) technique known as the Cooled Optically Stimulated Luminescence (COSL) that offers, for the first time, the capability of performing extremely sensitive radiation dosimetry at low temperatures. In addition to its extreme sensitivity, the COSL technique offers multiple readout capability, limited fading in a one year period, and the capability of analyzing single grains within a hydrogenous matrix.

  7. Thermally stimulated luminescence of urine salts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bordun, O.; Drobchak, O.

    2008-05-01

    The thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) of normal and pathological urine was studied. The presence of pathological salts leads to extinguishing of TSL intensity and to the appearance of additional stripes with maxima nearly 118 and 205K, except of characteristic stripes with the maxima nearly 173 and 260K. TSL stripes depend on urine constituents. The comparison of TSL intensity of normal and pathological urine is carried out and energies of thermal activation are determined for most intensive TSL stripes.

  8. Thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence properties of the 0.5P₂O₅-xBaO-(0.5-x)Li₂O glass systems.

    PubMed

    Timar-Gabor, A; Ivascu, C; Vasiliniuc, S; Daraban, L; Ardelean, I; Cosma, C; Cozar, O

    2011-05-01

    Thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence properties of phosphate glasses doped with BaO and Li(2)O at various concentrations were studied. Lithium-doped glasses show a broad TL peak in the 200-300°C region with poor dosimetric characteristics. Barium-doped glasses feature at least two TL peaks, approximately at 200 and 400°C, which were attributed to Ba(2+) ions. They also produce a fast-decaying OSL signal correlated with the lower-temperature TL peak. Responses of both TL emissions to radiation doses up to 100 Gy are linear (R² >0.99). Due to its encouraging characteristics such as acceptable batch homogeneity, good measurement reproducibility and weak signal fading, the P₂O₅-xBaO glass can be considered as a candidate material for dosimetry in the high-dose range (>10 Gy).

  9. Thermally stimulated luminescence of urine salts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bordun, O. M.; Drobchak, O. Z.

    2007-07-01

    We investigated thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) of urine salts in the normal state and with oxalate, urate, and phosphate salts. We found that the presence of pathological salts leads to a decrease of TSL intensity and to the appearance of additional TLS bands with maxima at 118 and 205 K in addition to the characteristic bands at 173 and 260 K. The TLS bands are related to the urine components. The TSL intensities of urine salts of different chemical composition are compared. The thermal activation energy of the strongest TSL bands is determined.

  10. Luminescent Properties of Semiconductor Electrodes.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-26

    This zone is treated as being " dead " to luminescence...KEY WORDS (CeniJnwo on severee aide If ,.c.eewy ad Identity by block n0mbor) photoluminescence, electroluminescence, dead -layer model, cadmium...Background 20 B. The Dead -Layer Model 21 C. Applications of the Dead -Layer Model to PEC’s 25 IV. General EL Properties 36 A. Background 36 B. EL From

  11. Luminescent solar concentrator improvement by stimulated emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaysir, Md Rejvi; Fleming, Simon; MacQueen, Rowan W.; Schmidt, Timothy W.; Argyros, Alexander

    2015-12-01

    Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) offer the prospect of reducing the cost of solar energy, and are a promising candidate for building integrated photovoltaic (PV) structures. However, the realization of commercially viable efficiency of LSCs is currently hindered by reabsorption losses. In this work, a method is introduced for reducing reabsorption as well as improving directional emission in LSCs by using stimulated emission. Light from a seed laser (potentially an inexpensive laser diode) passes through the entire length of the LSC panel, modifying the emission spectrum of excited dye molecules such that it is spectrally narrower, at wavelengths that minimize reabsorption, and directed by the seed laser towards a small target PV cell. A mathematical model of such a system is presented which identifies different physical parameters responsible for the power conversion efficiency and gives the net effective output power.

  12. Luminescent solar concentrators utilizing stimulated emission.

    PubMed

    Kaysir, Md Rejvi; Fleming, Simon; MacQueen, Rowan W; Schmidt, Timothy W; Argyros, Alexander

    2016-03-21

    Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) are an emerging technology that aims primarily to reduce the cost of solar energy, with great potential for building integrated photovoltaic (PV) structures. However, realizing LSCs with commercially viable efficiency is currently hindered by reabsorption losses. Here, we introduce an approach to reducing reabsorption as well as improving directional emission in LSCs by using stimulated emission. Light from a seed laser (potentially an inexpensive laser diode) passes through the entire area of the LSC panel, modifying the emission spectrum of excited dye molecules such that it is spectrally narrower, at wavelengths that minimize reabsorption to allow net gain in the system, and directed towards a small PV cell. A mathematical model, taking into account thermodynamic considerations, of such a system is presented which identifies key parameters and allows evaluation in terms of net effective output power.

  13. Container Verification Using Optically Stimulated Luminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Tanner, Jennifer E.; Miller, Steven D.; Conrady, Matthew M.; Simmons, Kevin L.; Tinker, Michael R.

    2008-10-01

    Containment verification is a high priority for safeguards containment and surveillance. Nuclear material containers, safeguards equipment cabinets, camera housings, and detector cable conduit are all vulnerable to tampering. Even with a high security seal on a lid or door, custom-built hinges and interfaces, and special colors and types of finishes, the surfaces of enclosures can be tampered with and any penetrations repaired and covered over. With today’s technology, these repairs would not be detected during a simple visual inspection. Several suggested solutions have been to develop complicated networks of wires, fiber-optic cables, lasers or other sensors that line the inside of a container and alarm when the network is disturbed. This results in an active system with real time evidence of tampering but is probably not practical for most safeguards applications. A more practical solution would be to use a passive approach where an additional security feature was added to surfaces which would consist of a special coating or paint applied to the container or enclosure. One type of coating would incorporate optically stimulated luminescent (OSL) material. OSL materials are phosphors that luminesce in proportion to the ionizing radiation dose when stimulated with the appropriate optical wavelengths. The OSL fluoresces at a very specific wavelength when illuminated at another, very specific wavelength. The presence of the pre-irradiated OSL material in the coating is confirmed using a device that interrogates the surface of the enclosure using the appropriate optical wavelength and then reads the resulting luminescence. The presence of the OSL indicates that the integrity of the surface is intact. The coating itself could be transparent which would allow the appearance of the container to remain unchanged or the OSL material could be incorporated into certain paints or epoxies used on various types of containers. The coating could be applied during manufacturing

  14. Thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence properties of Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-based glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yahaba, T.; Fujimoto, Y.; Yanagida, T.; Koshimizu, M.; Tanaka, H.; Saeki, K.; Asai, K.

    2017-02-01

    We developed Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3 based glasses with Dy concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mol% using a melt-quenching technique. The as-synthesized glasses were applicable as materials exhibiting thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). The optical and radiation response properties of the glasses were characterized. In the photoluminescence (PL) spectra, two emission bands due to the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 transitions of Dy3+ were observed at 480 and 580 nm. In the OSL spectra, the emission band due to the 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 transition of Dy3+ was observed. Excellent TL and OSL responses were observed for dose ranges of 0.1-90 Gy. In addition, TL fading behavior was better than that of OSL in term of the long-time storage. These results indicate that the Dy3+-doped CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-based glasses are applicable as TL materials.

  15. Enhancing and quenching luminescence with gold nanoparticle films: the influence of substrate on the luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    José Guidelli, Eder; Ramos, Ana Paula; Baffa, Oswaldo

    2016-01-01

    Gold nanoparticle (AuNP) films were sputtered over glass and aluminum substrates to enhance optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), a luminescent technique employed for radiation detection, from x-ray irradiated NaCl nanocrystals. The AuNP films deposited over glass led to enhanced-OSL emission, whereas the AuNP films deposited on aluminum substrates quenched the OSL emission. The enhanced-OSL intensity is proportional to the optical density of the film's plasmon resonance band at the stimulation wavelength. For the case of the AuNP/aluminum films, the luminescence quenching diminishes, and OSL intensity partially recovers upon increasing the distance between the AuNPs and the aluminum substrates, and between the luminescent nanocrystals and the AuNP films. These results suggest that plasmonic interactions between the emitter nanocrystals, the localized surface plasmons (LSP) of the AuNPs, and the substrate are responsible for the OSL enhancement and quenching. In this sense, the substrate dictates whether LSP relaxation occurs by radiative or non-radiative transisitions, leading to enhanced or quenched OSL, respectively. Therefore, besides showing that AuNP films can enhance and/or tune the sensitivity of luminescent radiation detectors, and demonstrating OSL as a new technique to investigate mechanisms of plasmon-enhanced luminescence, these results bring insights on how substrates strongly modify the optical properties of AuNP films.

  16. Luminescence properties of a Fibonacci photonic quasicrystal.

    PubMed

    Passias, V; Valappil, N V; Shi, Z; Deych, L; Lisyansky, A A; Menon, V M

    2009-04-13

    An active one-dimensional Fibonacci photonic quasi-crystal is realized via spin coating. Luminescence properties of an organic dye embedded in the quasi-crystal are studied experimentally and compared to theoretical simulations. The luminescence occurs via the pseudo-bandedge mode and follows the dispersion properties of the Fibonacci crystal. Time resolved luminescence measurement of the active structure shows faster spontaneous emission rate, indicating the effect of the large photon densities available at the bandedge due to the presence of critically localized states. The experimental results are in good agreement with the theoretical calculations for steady-state luminescence spectra.

  17. The deformation stimulated luminescence in KCl, KBr and KI crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shunkeyev, K.; Sergeyev, D.; Drozdowski, W.; Brylev, K.; Myasnikova, L.; Barmina, A.; Zhanturina, N.; Sagimbaeva, Sh; Aimaganbetova, Z.

    2017-05-01

    Currently, strengthening of the intensity of luminescence in alkali halide crystals (AHC) at lattice symmetry lowering is discussed as a promising direction for the development of scintillation detectors [1-3]. In this regard, for the study of anion excitons and radiation defects in the AHC anion sublattice at deformation, the crystals with the same sizes of cations and different sizes of anions were chosen. In the X-ray spectra of KCl at 10 K, the luminescence at 3.88 eV; 3.05 eV and 2.3 eV is clearly visible. The luminescence at 3.05 eV corresponds to the tunneling recharge [F*, H]. Luminescence at 3.88 eV is quenched in the region of thermal destruction of F‧-centers and characterizes tunneling recharge of F‧, VK-centers. In KCl at 90 K, the luminescence of self-trapped excitons (STE) is completely absent. In KBr at deformation not only STE luminescence, but also deformation stimulated luminescence at 3.58 eV were recorded, the last one corresponds to tunneling recharge of F‧, VK-centers. In KI crystal at 10 K and 90 K at deformation, only STE luminescence is enhanced. There are no deformation luminescence bands in KI compares with KBr and KCl crystals.

  18. Optically stimulated luminescence dosimetry with gypsum wallboard (drywall).

    PubMed

    Thompson, Jeroen W; Burdette, Kevin E; Inrig, Elizabeth L; Dewitt, Regina; Mistry, Rajesh; Rink, W Jack; Boreham, Douglas R

    2010-09-01

    Gypsum wallboard (drywall) represents an attractive target for retrospective dosimetry by optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) in the event of a radiological accident or malicious use of nuclear material. In this study, wallboard is shown to display a radiation-induced luminescence signal (RIS) as well as a natural background signal (NS), which is comparable in intensity to the RIS. Excitation and emission spectra show that maximum luminescence intensity is obtained for stimulation with blue light-emitting diodes (470 nm) and for detection in the ultraviolet region (290-370 nm). It is necessary to decrease the optical stimulation power dramatically in order to adequately separate the RIS from the interfering background signal. The necessary protocols are developed for accurately measuring the absorbed dose as low as 500 mGy and demonstrate that the RIS decays logarithmically with storage time, with complete erasure expected within 1-4 d.

  19. Pixel Bleeding Correction in Laser Scanning Luminescence Imaging Demonstrated Using Optically Stimulated Luminescence.

    PubMed

    Yukihara, Eduardo G; Ahmed, Md Foiez

    2015-12-01

    This paper describes and investigates the performance of an algorithm to correct for "pixel bleeding" caused by slow luminescence centers in laser scanning imaging (e.g., X-ray imaging using photostimulable phosphors and 2D dosimetry using optically stimulated luminescence). The algorithm is based on a deconvolution procedure that takes into account the lifetime of the slow luminescence center and is further constrained by the detection of fast and slow luminescence centers and combining rows scanned in opposite directions. The algorithm was tested using simulated data and demonstrated experimentally by applying it to image reconstruction of two types of Al2O3 X-ray detector films ( Al2O3:C and Al2O3 :C,Mg), whose use in 2D dosimetry in conjunction with laser-scanning readout has so far been prevented by slow luminescence centers (F-centers, 35 ms lifetime). We show that the algorithm allows the readout of Al2O3 film detectors 300-500 times faster than generally allowed considering the lifetime of the main luminescence centers. By relaxing the stringent requirements on the detector's luminescence lifetime, the algorithm opens the possibility of using new materials in 2D dosimetry as well as other laser scanning applications, such as X-ray imaging using storage phosphors and scanning confocal microscopy, although the effect of the noise introduced must be investigated for each specific application.

  20. Determination of Landscape Diffusivity Using Optically Stimulated Luminescence and Infrared Stimulated Luminescence Techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stang, D.; Rhodes, E. J.; Heimsath, A. M.

    2011-12-01

    As landscapes undergo surface lowering by weathering and erosion, soil formation, mixing and transport processes play a key role. Determining the rates of soil mixing and transport is key to developing reliable models of hillslope erosion and landscape development, and is important in establishing a value for landscape diffusivity in numerical simulations. Mixing processes include biological mechanisms such as grains moving by gravity within burrows or root holes, grains being transported upwards by burrowing animals such as moles, gophers, rabbits, spiders, ants and other organisms, or larger scale processes such as tree throw. Non-biological mechanisms include surface wash and other slope transport processes, frost heave, movement caused by wetting and drying cycles, and grain transport by water within sediment pores. As optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) signals are light sensitive, they are reset by daylight exposure each time quartz or feldspar grains are brought to the surface. After re-burial, signals slowly re-grow as the grains are exposed to environmental radiation. We have adopted two complementary approaches that can provide information on processes and rates of grain mixing. Firstly we measured the apparent age distribution of single grains of quartz from discrete depths, providing in-depth data on the full range of grain histories since their last surface encounter. Secondly, we measured contiguous 1 cm spits of sediment from monoliths (vertical columns of sediment approx. 10 x 10 cm) using bulk IRSL, dominated by emissions from feldspars. The second approach sums the signals from all feldspar grains, and provides a rapid method to identify features such as burrows and root holes, as well as rapidly deposited surface events (e.g. small debris flow lobes). Combining both approaches, we are able to quantify the magnitude and timing of macroscale mixing processes (e.g. burrows, sediment slugs), while also

  1. Monolithic Integrated Radiation Sensor Using Stimulated Luminescence From Alumina

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McKeever, S. W. S.; Yukihara, E. G.; Stoebe, T. G.; Chen, T.-C.

    2005-01-01

    The project goal was to design and test a monolithic integrated device for radiation sensing, using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) from Al2O3:C. The device would consist of GaN/InGaN-based components epitaxially grown on each side of a A12O3:C substrate. Radiation energy stored in the substrate would be stimulated by visible emission from a GaN light-emitting diode (LED) grown on one side of the device, and the OSL emission from the substrate (in the blue region of the spectrum) would be detected by the InGaN pi-n diode grown on the other side of the substrate. The primary application of the device would be in space radiation environments. Thus, two major research thrusts were launched during this project. Firstly, research at Oklahoma State University (Dr. Stephen W.S. McKeever and Dr. E.G. Yukihara) concentrated on characterization of the OSL properties of Al2O3:C in radiation fields typical of those experienced in low-Earth orbit. Secondly, research at the University of Washington (Co-Is, Dr. T.G. Stoebe and Dr. T. Chen) focused of device development and GaN/InGaN epitaxial growth. While progress in each line of research has been substantial, the ultimate goal (that of producing a working prototype device) has not yet been reached. We detail the research progress and identify outstanding issues in this paper.

  2. Progress in Direct Dating of Tephra via Thermo- and Optically Stimulated Luminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark-Balzan, L.; Smith, V.; Preusser, F.

    2016-12-01

    Luminescence dating utilizes natural dosimeters (minerals and mineralloids) to calculate either time elapsed since crystallization or the last exposure to light or intense heat. Direct dating of volcanic materials via luminescence has been attempted for nearly fifty years with varying degrees of success: dim luminescence signals, anomalous signal loss (`fading') from volcanogenic minerals, incomplete mineral separation, and mineralogical and geochemical variability have been problematic (Fattahi and Stokes, 2003). Recent advances in measurement protocols to probe signals less prone to anomalous fading (Tsukamoto et al., 2007; 2010), and the development of equipment that allows direct imaging of luminescence-emitting grains via EMCCD cameras (Clark-Balzan and Schwenninger, 2012) offer new opportunities for tephra dating. The lack of available luminescence data on a wide variety of tephra, however, makes it difficult to predict which measurement techniques will be generally applicable given presumed high inter- and intra-sample variability. Therefore we present first results from a systematic characterization of luminescence emissions from a geochemically and geographically diverse body of tephras. Spectrometric analysis of luminescence emitted from plagioclase, glass, and quartz fractions during thermal and optical stimulation provide key data for optimization and testing of measurement protocols. We also show preliminary results of EMCCD imaging of both mineral separates and bulk tephras, emphasizing identification and characterization of mineral constituents and luminescence properties via the simultaneous measurement of many grains. EMCCD imaging allows luminescence characterization on the single grain level, thereby revealing variability between grains which cannot be measured via standard spectromectric techniques. Clark-Balzan, L., Schwenninger, J.-L., 2012, Radiation Measurements, v. 47, pp. 797-802. Fattahi, M., Stokes, S., 2003, Earth Science Reviews, v. 62

  3. Luminescence properties of a nanoporous freshwater diatom.

    PubMed

    Goswami, Bondita; Choudhury, Amarjyoti; Buragohain, Alak K

    2012-01-01

    Freshwater diatom frustules show special optical properties. In this paper we observed luminescence properties of the freshwater diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana. To confirm the morphological properties we present scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies were carried out to visualize the structural properties of the frustules, confirming that silica present in diatom frustules crystallizes in an α-quartz structure. Study of the optical properties of the silica frustules of diatoms using ultra-violet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy confirmed that the diatom C. meneghiniana shows luminescence in the blue region of the electromagnetic spectrum when irradiated with UV light. This property of diatoms can be exploited to obtain many applications in day-to-day life. Also, using time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy (TRPL) it was confirmed that this species of diatom shows bi-exponential decay. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Emergency Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimetry Using Different Materials

    PubMed Central

    Sholom, S; DeWitt, R; Simon, SL; Bouville, A; McKeever, SWS

    2011-01-01

    Several materials were tested as possible individual emergency dosimeters using Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) as means to assess the exposure. Materials investigated included human nails, business cards and plastic buttons. The OSL properties of these materials were studied in comparison with those of teeth. Most samples revealed OSL signals only after exposure to ionizing radiation; some samples of business cards, however, displayed a strong initial “native” signal (i.e. existing in the samples prior to irradiation). The sensitivity (minimum measurable dose) of the samples was found to vary significantly from sample to sample of the same material and was in the range from several tens of mGy to a few dozens of Gy. The dose response curves were linear for doses below 10 Gy. Fading of the OSL signals was estimated for different lenghts of times and found to be ~95%, 45%, 30% and 15% for samples of teeth, business cards, buttons and nails, respectively, following storage at room temperature in the dark for a period of 3 weeks after exposure. For samples stored under routine laboratory light, fading was much faster and the radiation-induced signals almost disappeared after a few hours of such illumination. It was concluded that the tested materials could be used in triage situations to detect and estimate the possible overexposure of individuals if the measurements can be performed soon enough after exposure. PMID:22125409

  5. Luminescence properties of silicon-cellulose nanocomposite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pikulev, Vitaly; Loginova, Svetlana; Gurtov, Valery

    2012-07-01

    We have characterized the structure and luminescence properties for two-component material composed of nanocrystalline cellulose and nanocrystalline (less to 100 nm) silicon powder. An efficient and stable photoluminescence of nanocomposite, resistant to the influence of gas-phase oxidants, has been found. The obtained material has electret-like properties and demonstrates the possibility of multiple-recharging in an electric field near 5·103 V/cm at temperatures ranging from -70°C to 100°C. The presence of the electric field, as well as ozone or low-temperature plasma treatment, does not change the luminescence spectrum due to quantum size properties of silicon nanoparticles. We believe that these particles may appear in two states: both embedded in a cellulose matrix and in the form of mechanical mixture.

  6. Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) of dental enamel for retrospective assessment of radiation exposure

    PubMed Central

    Yukihara, E.G.; Mittani, J.; McKeever, S.W.S.; Simon, S.L.

    2009-01-01

    This paper briefly reviews the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of dental enamel and discusses the potential and challenges of OSL for filling the technology gap in biodosimetry required for medical triage following a radiological/nuclear accident or terrorist event. The OSL technique uses light to stimulate a radiation-induced luminescence signal from materials previously exposed to ionizing radiation. This luminescence originates from radiation-induced defects in insulating crystals and is proportional to the absorbed dose of ionizing radiation. In our research conducted to date, we focused on fundamental investigations of the OSL properties of dental enamel using extracted teeth and tabletop OSL readers. The objective was to obtain information to support the development of the necessary instrumentation for retrospective dosimetry using dental enamel in laboratory, or for in situ and non-invasive accident dosimetry using dental enamel in emergency triage. An OSL signal from human dental enamel was detected using blue, green, or IR stimulation. Blue/green stimulation associated with UV emission detection seems to be the most appropriate combination in the sense that there is no signal from un-irradiated samples and the shape of the OSL decay is clear. Improvements in the minimum detection level were achieved by incorporating an ellipsoidal mirror in the OSL system to maximize light collection. Other possibilities to improve the sensitivity and research steps necessary to establish the feasibility of the technique for retrospective assessment of radiation exposure are also discussed. PMID:19623269

  7. Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) of dental enamel for retrospective assessment of radiation exposure.

    PubMed

    Yukihara, E G; Mittani, J; McKeever, S W S; Simon, S L

    2007-07-01

    This paper briefly reviews the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of dental enamel and discusses the potential and challenges of OSL for filling the technology gap in biodosimetry required for medical triage following a radiological/nuclear accident or terrorist event. The OSL technique uses light to stimulate a radiation-induced luminescence signal from materials previously exposed to ionizing radiation. This luminescence originates from radiation-induced defects in insulating crystals and is proportional to the absorbed dose of ionizing radiation. In our research conducted to date, we focused on fundamental investigations of the OSL properties of dental enamel using extracted teeth and tabletop OSL readers. The objective was to obtain information to support the development of the necessary instrumentation for retrospective dosimetry using dental enamel in laboratory, or for in situ and non-invasive accident dosimetry using dental enamel in emergency triage. An OSL signal from human dental enamel was detected using blue, green, or IR stimulation. Blue/green stimulation associated with UV emission detection seems to be the most appropriate combination in the sense that there is no signal from un-irradiated samples and the shape of the OSL decay is clear. Improvements in the minimum detection level were achieved by incorporating an ellipsoidal mirror in the OSL system to maximize light collection. Other possibilities to improve the sensitivity and research steps necessary to establish the feasibility of the technique for retrospective assessment of radiation exposure are also discussed.

  8. Optically stimulated luminescence study in rare earth doped SrBPO5.

    PubMed

    Gaikwad, Sonali; Patil, R R; Kulkarni, M S; Moharil, S V

    2017-09-01

    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) was studied in rare earth doped SrBPO5 for the possible applications in radiation dosimetry using optically stimulated luminescence. The study shows that the sensitivity of the Eu doped SrBPO5 shows good OSL and the sensitivity is comparable to that of Al2O3:C. It is observed that annealing has a profound effect on the OSL sensitivity. Slowly cooled Eu doped sample shows highest sensitivity and is 77% compared to that Al2O3:C whereas lowest sensitivity is observed in the quenched sample. Other properties like good linearity and low fading will make this phosphor suitable for the applications in radiation dosimetry using OSL. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Theoretical model for thermally stimulated luminescence, conductivity and exoelectronic emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guissi, S.; Bindi, R.; Iacconi, P.; Jeambrun, D.; Lapraz, D.

    1998-01-01

    A theoretical model which takes into account thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL), conductivity (TSC) and exoelectronic emission (TSEE) is proposed in this article. The model is established for the case of a single type of electron trap, a single type of recombination centre and in the presence of thermally disconnected traps. It generalizes the model of Lewandowski and McKeever by taking the TSEE phenomenon into consideration. TSEE is described as resulting from the thermionic effect and so the model applies only to a thin solid film about 10 nm thick. As an application example, the influence of various parameters involved in the model on peak shape and position is investigated.

  10. Luminescence properties of LiGaO2 crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trinkler, L.; Trukhin, A.; Berzina, B.; Korsaks, V.; Ščajev, P.; Nedzinskas, R.; Tumėnas, S.; Chou, M. M. C.; Chang, L.; Li, C.-A.

    2017-07-01

    The comprehensive spectral study of lithium metagallate LiGaO2 crystal has been done including methods of pump-probe techniques, optical absorption, photoluminescence, luminescence kinetics, thermoluminescence and polarised luminescence in broad temperature region. Luminescence spectrum of the crystal contains the main emission bands at 4.43, 3.76, 2.38 and 1.77 eV. The novel data on luminescence excitation spectra including VUV area, kinetics and polarization are presented. The correlation between pump-probe experiment results and luminescence properties is found. Conclusions are done about the recombination character of all the observed emission bands, implying tunnel recombination of donor-acceptor pairs.

  11. Scintillation and storage luminescence properties of MgF2 transparent ceramics doped with Ce3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakamura, Fumiya; Kato, Takumi; Okada, Go; Kawaguchi, Noriaki; Fukuda, Kentaro; Yanagida, Takayuki

    2017-10-01

    In this paper, we report basic optical properties and scintillation and storage luminescence properties of MgF2:Ce transparent ceramics with different doping concentrations of Ce (0.01, 0.1 and 1%) synthesized by spark plasma sintering (SPS). In scintillation, thermally-stimulated luminescence (TSL) and optically-stimulated luminescence (OSL), the dominant emissions were due to the 5d-4f transitions of Ce3+ which appeared in the near-UV region peaking around 320 and 360 nm. The scintillation was evaluated by X-ray irradiation while OSL was observed under 540 nm stimulation. In particular, the TSL sensitivity was high and showed a good linearity from 0.1 mGy to 1000 mGy.

  12. Modelling thermal transfer in optically stimulated luminescence of quartz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pagonis, V.; Chen, R.; Wintle, A. G.

    2007-02-01

    A previously published kinetic model for the production of luminescence signals in quartz is used to investigate the production of thermally transferred optically stimulated luminescence (TT-OSL) signals. This paper provides a mathematical description of the thermal transfer mechanism for two different phenomena that have been observed in previously published experiments (Aitken and Smith 1988 Quat. Sci. Rev. 7 387-93). The starting point is the model proposed by Bailey (2001 Radiat. Meas. 33 17-45). The numerical values of some of the parameters are varied so that they match the experimental data. The effect caused by varying these values is investigated. The first of these phenomena takes place after storing optically bleached samples at room temperature; this involves the traps responsible for the 110 °C thermoluminescence (TL) peak of quartz acting as a refuge trap. The second phenomenon concerns OSL signals that are induced by heating the samples after the bleaching of the OSL signal and involves a putative TL peak at ~230 °C associated with the refuge trap; specifically, the paper presents a simulation of the temperature dependence of the OSL signal measured by successively heating the quartz samples to higher temperatures up to ~400 °C.

  13. Identifying irradiated flours by photo-stimulated luminescence technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramli, Ros Anita Ahmad; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi; Othman, Zainon; Abdullah, Wan Saffiey Wan

    2014-02-01

    Photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) technique was used in this study to detect gamma irradiation treatment of five types of flours (corn, rice, tapioca, wheat and glutinous rice) at four different doses 0, 0.2, .05 and 1kGy. The signal level was compared with two threshold values (700 and 5000). With the exception of glutinous rice, all irradiated samples produced a strong signal above the upper threshold (5000 counts/60s). All control samples produced negative result with the signals below the lower threshold (700 counts/60s) suggesting that the samples have not been irradiated. Irradiated glutinous rice samples produced intermediate signals (700 - 5000 counts/60s) which were subsequently confirmed using calibrated PSL. The PSL signals remained stable after 90 days of storage. The findings of this study will be useful to facilitate control of food irradiation application in Malaysia.

  14. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of pottery from Turkey.

    PubMed

    Oke, G; Yurdatapan, E

    2000-10-02

    In this study, the potential of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating for archaeological potteries was investigated. Firstly, recently purchased OSL and alpha counter systems were calibrated. Then, archaeological sherds taken from Datça-Burgaz (Muğla, Turkey) archaeological site of archaic and classical period (700-400 BC) were dated. Samples were prepared by the fine grain technique and paleodose was found by using the additive dose technique. The annual doses of uranium and thorium were determined by using the alpha counter. The potassium, which has no alpha activity, was determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. The age of the sherds was found to be 2340+/-190 years which is in good agreement with the archaeological evidence involving figurines and coins obtained in the same level.

  15. Identifying irradiated flours by photo-stimulated luminescence technique

    SciTech Connect

    Ramli, Ros Anita Ahmad; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi; Othman, Zainon; Abdullah, Wan Saffiey Wan

    2014-02-12

    Photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) technique was used in this study to detect gamma irradiation treatment of five types of flours (corn, rice, tapioca, wheat and glutinous rice) at four different doses 0, 0.2, .05 and 1kGy. The signal level was compared with two threshold values (700 and 5000). With the exception of glutinous rice, all irradiated samples produced a strong signal above the upper threshold (5000 counts/60s). All control samples produced negative result with the signals below the lower threshold (700 counts/60s) suggesting that the samples have not been irradiated. Irradiated glutinous rice samples produced intermediate signals (700 - 5000 counts/60s) which were subsequently confirmed using calibrated PSL. The PSL signals remained stable after 90 days of storage. The findings of this study will be useful to facilitate control of food irradiation application in Malaysia.

  16. Protocols for Thermoluninescence and Optically Stimulated Luminescence Research at DOSAR

    SciTech Connect

    Bernal, SM

    2004-10-11

    The Life Sciences Division (LSD) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has a long record of radiation dosimetry research at the Dosimetry Applications Research (DOSAR) facility complex. These facilities have been used by a broad segment of the research community to perform a variety of experiments in areas including, but not limited to, radiobiology, radiation dosimeter and instrumentation development and calibration, and materials testing in a variety of radiation environments. Collaborations with the University of Tennessee-Knoxville (UTK) have also led to important contributions in the area of archaeometry, particularly as it relates to the use of radiation dosimetry to date archaeological artifacts. This manual is to serve as the primary instruction and operation manual for dosimetric and archaeometric research at DOSAR involving thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). Its purpose is to (1) provide protocols for common practices associated with the research, (2) outline the relevant organizational structure, (3) identify the Quality Assurance plan, and (4) describe all the procedures, operations, and responsibilities for safe and proper operation of associated equipment. Each person who performs research at DOSAR using TL/OSL equipment is required to read the latest revision of this manual and be familiar with its contents, and to sign and date the manual's master copy indicating that the manual has been read and understood. The TL/OSL Experimenter is also required to sign the manual after each revision to signify that the changes are understood. Each individual is responsible for completely understanding the proper operation of the TL/OSL equipment used and for following the guidance contained within this manual. The instructions, protocols, and operating procedures in this manual do not replace, supersede, or alter the hazard mitigation controls identified in the Research Safety Summary (''Thermoluminescence/Optically Stimulated

  17. Design of Interrogation Protocols for Radiation Dose Measurements Using Optically-Stimulated Luminescent Dosimeters.

    PubMed

    Abraham, Sara A; Kearfott, Kimberlee J; Jawad, Ali H; Boria, Andrew J; Buth, Tobias J; Dawson, Alexander S; Eng, Sheldon C; Frank, Samuel J; Green, Crystal A; Jacobs, Mitchell L; Liu, Kevin; Miklos, Joseph A; Nguyen, Hien; Rafique, Muhammad; Rucinski, Blake D; Smith, Travis; Tan, Yanliang

    2017-03-01

    Optically-stimulated luminescent dosimeters are capable of being interrogated multiple times post-irradiation. Each interrogation removes a fraction of the signal stored within the optically-stimulated luminescent dosimeter. This signal loss must be corrected to avoid systematic errors in estimating the average signal of a series of optically-stimulated luminescent dosimeter interrogations and requires a minimum number of consecutive readings to determine an average signal that is within a desired accuracy of the true signal with a desired statistical confidence. This paper establishes a technical basis for determining the required number of readings for a particular application of these dosimeters when using certain OSL dosimetry systems.

  18. Optimized readout system for cooled optically stimulated luminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, S. D.; Eschbach, P. A.

    1990-09-01

    Cooled Optically Stimulated Luminescence (COSL) in CaF2:Mn is an ionizing radiation dosimetry method recently developed at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). In this method CaF2:Mn crystals irradiated by gamma radiation at room temperature are cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K), stimulated by ultraviolet laser light at 326 nm, and allowed to warm to room temperature. Light emission proportional to the gamma exposure occurs as the TLD warms from liquid nitrogen temperature to room temperature. The new method is an example of a highly sensitive phototransfer technique which could form the basis for future radiation dosimetry applications. Measurements to date have shown high potential for measuring gamma exposures in the range of 10 microR. The high sensitivity of the COSL technique is due in part to the larger quantum efficiency of radiative recombination at low temperatures and to the complete absence of the incandescent background associated with conventional thermoluminescent readout methods. Along with the potential for a system which is more sensitive than thermoluminescent readers, multiple COSL readouts can be performed with minimal reduction in the COSL intensity. The multiple readout capability can serve as a possible permanent dosimetry record, thus allowing the reanalysis of a questionable reading. In an attempt to optimize the sensitivity of the COSL method, a new readout system is being developed.

  19. Modeling of stimulated emission based luminescent solar concentrators.

    PubMed

    Kaysir, Md Rejvi; Fleming, Simon; Argyros, Alexander

    2016-12-26

    The efficiency improvement of luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) necessary for practical realization is currently hindered by one major loss mechanism: reabsorption of emitted photons by the luminophores. Recently, we explored a promising technique for reducing reabsorption and also improving directional emission in LSCs utilizing stimulated emission, rather than only spontaneous emission, with an inexpensive seed laser. In this work, a model is developed to quantify the gain (i.e. the amount of amplification of a low power seed laser propagating through the solar-pumped concentrator) of stimulated-LSCs (s-LSCs) considering the effects of different important physical parameters. The net optical output power, available for a small PV cell, from the concentrator can also be determined from the model, which indicates the performance of s-LSCs. Finally, the performance of different existing material systems is investigated using literature values of the parameters required for the model, and a set of optimal parameters is suggested for practical realization of such a device.

  20. X-ray and thermally stimulated luminescence in YAG

    SciTech Connect

    Smol'skaya, L.P.; Martynovich, E.F.; Davydchenko, A.G.; Smirnova, S.A.

    1987-07-01

    Yttrium aluminum garnet Y/sub 3/Al/sub 5/O/sub 12/ (YAG) crystals with rare earth ion (REI) impurities are widely used in laser technology and also in the capacity of cathode luminophors. Recently they have attracted the attention of researchers for their possible use as x-ray luminophors, scintillators, and thermoluminescent detectors. However, research in these areas is not very comprehensive. This work compares the intensity of x-ray luminescence (XRL) and the inertial characteristics of YAG monocrystals that are activated by REI (Ce/sup 3 +/, Sm/sup 3 +/, Dy/sup 3 +/, Tm/sup 3 +/, and Er/sup 3 +/), with the x-ray luminophore CsI-Tl. Since the existence of deep capture levels exerts a significant influence on the useful properties of x-ray luminophores, YAG thermoluminescence was also studied.

  1. Thermally stimulated luminescence origin in LiF crystals irradiated in a reactor at different temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kvatchadze, V.; Dekanozishvili, G.; Kalabegishvili, T.; Abramishvili, M.; Galustashvili, M.; Tavkhelidze, V.

    2015-06-01

    Thermally stimulated luminescence as well as optical absorption and emission spectra have been studied in LiF crystals irradiated in a reactor at different temperatures. It was shown that aggregate colour centres give rise to thermally stimulated luminescence peaks registered below 450°C. Peak at 470°C is observed only in crystals that have been irradiated at standard temperature of the reactor experimental channels. The peak is caused by interaction of dislocations and F centres.

  2. Luminescent Cyclometalated Platinum and Palladium Complexes with Novel Photophysical Properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turner, Eric

    Organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) is a rapidly emerging technology based on organic thin film semiconductors. Recently, there has been substantial investment in their use in displays. In less than a decade, OLEDs have grown from a promising academic curiosity into a multi-billion dollar global industry. At the heart of an OLED are emissive molecules that generate light in response to electrical stimulation. Ideal emitters are efficient, compatible with existing materials, long lived, and produce light predominantly at useful wavelengths. Developing an understanding of the photophysical processes that dictate the luminescent properties of emissive materials is vital to their continued development. Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 provide an introduction to the topics presented and the laboratory methods used to explore them. Chapter 3 discusses a series of tridentate platinum complexes. A synthetic method utilizing microwave irradiation was explored, as well as a study of the effects ligand structure had on the excited state properties. Results and techniques developed in this endeavor were used as a foundation for the work undertaken in later chapters. Chapter 4 introduces a series of tetradentate platinum complexes that share a phenoxy-pyridyl (popy) motif. The new molecular design improved efficiency through increased rigidity and modification of the excited state properties. This class of platinum complexes were markedly more efficient than those presented in Chapter 3, and devices employing a green emitting complex of the series achieved nearly 100% electron-to-photon conversion efficiency in an OLED device. Chapter 5 adapts the ligand structure developed in Chapter 4 to palladium. The resulting complexes exceed reported efficiencies of palladium complexes by an order of magnitude. This chapter also provides the first report of a palladium complex as an emitter in an OLED device. Chapter 6 discusses the continuation of development efforts to include carbazolyl

  3. A new method of retrospective radiation dosimetry: Optically stimulated luminescence in dental enamel

    SciTech Connect

    Godfrey-Smith, D.I.; Pass, B.

    1997-05-01

    Currently, retrospective biophysical radiation dosimetry lacks a technique that is sensitive, non-invasive, and portable. This has made reliable cause and effect relationships between radiation exposure and its outcomes in humans difficult to establish. Since optical technology is amenable to miniaturization, a search for optically stimulated luminescence in dental enamel was begun. The first successful detection of time dependent optically stimulated luminescence from {gamma} irradiated enamel was accomplished. This luminescence is absent in enamel that is not irradiated or that was heated following irradiation. Thermoluminescence observations were made concurrently with the optical measurements which clarified the role of the organic component of enamel. 20 refs., 5 figs.

  4. Photostimulated luminescence properties of Eu2+ -doped barium aluminate phosphor.

    PubMed

    He, Quanlong; Qiu, Guangyu; Xu, Xuhui; Qiu, Jianbei; Yu, Xue

    2015-03-01

    An intense green photostimulated luminescence in BaAl2 O4 :Eu(2+) phosphor was prepared. The thermoluminescence results indicate that there are at least three types of traps (T1 , T2 , T3 ) with different trap depths in BaAl2 O4 :Eu(2+) phosphor according to the bands located at 327, 361 and 555 K, respectively, which are closely associated with the phosphor's long persistent luminescence and photostimulated luminescence properties. In addition, as a novel optical read-out form, a photostimulated persistent luminescence signal can be repeatedly obtained in BaAl2 O4 :Eu(2+) phosphor. This shows that re-trapping of the electron released from a deep trap plays an important role in photostimulated persistent luminescence. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  5. Conversion of the luminescence of laser dyes in opal matrices to stimulated emission

    SciTech Connect

    Alimov, O K; Basiev, T T; Orlovskii, Yu V; Osiko, V V; Samoilovich, M I

    2008-07-31

    The luminescence and laser characteristics of a synthetic opal matrix filled with organic dyes are studied upon excitation by nanosecond laser pulses. The appearance of stimulated emission in a partially ordered scattering medium is investigated. It is shown that if the luminescence spectrum of a dye (oxazine-17) is located far outside the photonic bandgap of the opal matrix, stimulated emission along a preferential direction in the (111) plane is observed when pumping exceeds a threshold even without an external optical cavity. The stimulated emission spectrum is considerably narrower than the luminescence spectrum and consists of several narrow lines located within the dye luminescence band. If the luminescence spectrum of a dye (rhodamine 6G) overlaps with the photonic bandgap of the opal matrix, a different picture is observed. The loss of radiation in the matrix leads to the red shift of the luminescence spectrum, while the stimulated emission as in the case of oxazine-17 lies is observed within the luminescence band. (active media, lasers, and amplifiers)

  6. Optically Stimulated Luminescence Response of Commercial SiO2 Optical Fiber

    SciTech Connect

    Bogard, James S; Espinosa Garcia, Guillermo

    2008-01-01

    The use of Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) for radiation dosimetry has become increasingly popular in recent years. The OSL method is based on luminescence emitted from semiconductor materials stimulated with specific wavelengths of light, after being exposed to ionizing radiation. The OSL intensity is a function of the radiation dose absorbed by the material. This work complements previous studies by the authors of the thermoluminescence (TL) response by SiO{sub 2} commercial optical fiber exposed to ionizing radiation and provides preliminary results describing some of the material's OSL properties. Linear OSL response to beta-radiation dose, along with a consistent shape of the photon emission curve with time, were observed using a green/blue OSL excitation laser. The reproducibility of OSL response after repeated irradiations and the change in intensity with time were also examined. The search for and characterization of materials that exhibit this OSL response, in parallel with the continued development of OSL methodology and instrumentation, is an important scientific and commercial issue.

  7. Thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence in various phases of doped Na2SO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaikwad, S. U.; Patil, R. R.; Kulkarni, M. S.; Bhatt, B. C.; Moharil, S. V.

    2016-02-01

    The dependence of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and thermoluminescence (TL) response due to crystal phase in Cu and Cu,Mg-doped Na2SO4 was studied. Study shows that the slowly cooled samples which crystallize in phase V show good OSL sensitivity whereas the quenched samples of Na2SO4 which crystallize in phase III irrespective of doping show no OSL sensitivity. However, during storage when phase III samples get converted to phase V, samples show OSL sensitivity comparable to freshly prepared samples in phase V. Hence, it is observed that TL-OSL properties of doped Na2SO4 are phase dependent .This study will be helpful in developing OSL phosphors in which phase plays an important role in deciding the desired properties.

  8. Optically stimulated luminescence dosimetry performance of natural Brazilian topaz exposed to beta radiation.

    PubMed

    Bernal, R; Souza, D N; Valerio, M E G; Cruz-Vázquez, C; Barboza-Flores, M

    2006-01-01

    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) has become the technique of choice in many areas of dosimetry. Natural materials like topaz are available in large quantities in Brazil and other countries. They have been studied to investigate the possibility of use its thermoluminescence (TL) properties for dosimetric applications. In this work, we investigate the possibility of utilising the OSL properties of natural Brazilian topaz in dosimetry. Bulk topaz samples were exposed to doses up to 100 Gy of beta radiation and the integrated OSL as a function of the dose showed linear behaviour. The fading occurs in the first 20 min after irradiation but it is <6% of the integrated OSL measured shortly after exposure. We conclude that natural colourless topaz is a very suitable phosphor for OSL dosimetry.

  9. Luminescence and structural properties of oxyorthosilicate and Al2O3 nanophosphors

    SciTech Connect

    Blair, Michael W; Jacobsohn, Luiz G; Bennett, Bryan L; Tornga, Stephanie C; Muenchausen, Ross E; Yukihara, Eduardo G

    2008-01-01

    A large amount of research has been conducted on semiconducting quantum dots exploring quantum confinement effects. On the other hand, nanophosphors -- inorganic insulating nanostructured luminescent materials -- have received considerably less attention. Our research involving nanomaterials has then focused on the question: How does reduced dimensionality affect the physical and chemical behavior of nanophosphors? In order to partially answer this fundamental question, we have produced numerous oxides, among them Lu{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}Ce (LSO), Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce (YSO), Gd{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce (GSO), and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and characterized their structural and luminescent properties. Structure, grain size, phase purity and chemical homogeneity in the nanoscale were determined using x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and electron paramagnetic resonance. The luminescent properties of the nanophosphors were characterized by thermoluminescence, radioluminescence, photoluminescence, and optically stimulated luminescence. In this work, we present an overview of the nascent field of nanophosphors, and summarize the results obtained in our laboratory with particular emphasis on the luminescent properties.

  10. Luminescent properties of cadmium selenide quantum dots in fluorophosphate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipatova, Zh. O.; Kolobkova, E. V.; Babkina, A. N.

    2016-11-01

    The optical properties of fluorophosphate glasses with CdSe quantum dots are studied. Secondary heat treatment at a temperature exceeding the glass transition temperature resulted in the formation of quantum dots with sizes of 3.7-6.2 nm. The influence of the semiconductor component concentration on the spectral-luminescent characteristics of glasses is shown. It is experimentally demonstrated that glasses with a lower CdSe concentration have a higher absolute luminescence quantum yield.

  11. Laboratory analysis and airborne detection of materials stimulated to luminesce by the sun

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hemphill, W.R.; Theisen, A.F.; Tyson, R.M.

    1984-01-01

    The Fraunhofer line discriminator (FLD) is an airborne electro-optical device used to image materials which have been stimulated to luminesce by the Sun. Such materials include uranium-bearing sandstone, sedimentary phosphate rock, marine oil seeps, and stressed vegetation. Prior to conducting an airborne survey, a fluorescence spectrometer may be used in the laboratory to determine the spectral region where samples of the target material exhibit maximum luminescence, and to select the optimum Fraunhofer line. ?? 1984.

  12. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of cave deposits at the Xiaogushan prehistoric site, northeastern China.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jia-Fu; Huang, Wei-Wen; Yuan, Bao-Yin; Fu, Ren-Yi; Zhou, Li-Ping

    2010-11-01

    The Xiaogushan cave site is one of the most important prehistoric sites in North China. The stone and bone artifacts found in the cave are similar to European contemporaneous artifacts. Cave deposits consist of five layers that have been dated from 46,353 ± 1179 to 4229 ± 135 cal. yr BP, using radiocarbon dating techniques on charcoal and bone samples collected from Layers 2-5. In this paper, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques were applied to date six samples taken from Layers 1-3. The luminescence properties of the fine-grained and coarse-grained quartz extracts indicate that the materials are suitable for OSL dating using a single-aliquot regeneration-dose (SAR) protocol. The OSL ages obtained are broadly consistent with the stratigraphy and the associated calibrated radiocarbon ages. The dating results show that the cave was first occupied by humans about 70 ka. The human occupation of the cave may be related to climate change. An occupation hiatus is inferred to between ∼ 17 to ∼ 10 ka. The stone and bone artifacts found in Layers 2 and 3 may indicate the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transitions in the region.

  13. Donor characterization in ZnO by thermally stimulated luminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Ji, jianfeng; Boatner, Lynn A; Selim, F. A.

    2014-01-01

    Low temperature thermo-luminescence (TL) was applied to measurements of the ionization energy of donors in ZnO. Three hydrogen-related donors were characterized with ionization energies of 36, 47 and 55 meV - values that are in complete agreement with previous reports. The donor types can be switched by relevant thermal treatments. These measurements also revealed the presence of two distinct sources for the green luminescence in ZnO. This work indicates that TL can be used to measure the donor energies in luminescent semiconductors. This approach can be particularly useful for thin-film investigations when the results of Hall-effect measurements are obscured by contributions from conductive interfaces or substrates.

  14. MgO:Li,Ce,Sm as a high-sensitivity material for Optically Stimulated Luminescence dosimetry

    PubMed Central

    Oliveira, Luiz C.; Yukihara, Eduardo G.; Baffa, Oswaldo

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this work was to investigate the relevant dosimetric and luminescent properties of MgO:Li3%,Ce0.03%,Sm0.03%, a newly-developed, high sensitivity Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) material of low effective atomic number (Zeff = 10.8) and potential interest for medical and personal dosimetry. We characterized the thermoluminescence (TL), OSL, radioluminescence (RL), and OSL emission spectrum of this new material and carried out a preliminary investigation on the OSL signal stability. MgO:Li,Ce,Sm has a main TL peak at ~180 °C (at a heating rate of 5 °C/s) associated with Ce3+ and Sm3+ emission. The results indicate that the infrared (870 nm) stimulated OSL from MgO:Li,Ce,Sm has suitable properties for dosimetry, including high sensitivity to ionizing radiation (20 times that of Al2O3:C, under the measurement conditions) and wide dynamic range (7 μGy–30 Gy). The OSL associated with Ce3+ emission is correlated with a dominant, practically isolated peak at 180 °C. Fading of ~15% was observed in the first hour, probably due to shallow traps, followed by subsequent fading of 6–7% over the next 35 days. These properties, together with the characteristically fast luminescence from Ce3+, make this material also a strong candidate for 2D OSL dose mapping. PMID:27076349

  15. Remarkable luminescence properties of lanthanide complexes with asymmetric dodecahedron structures.

    PubMed

    Miyata, Kohei; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Kawakami, Ryuhei; Kita, Yuki; Sugimoto, Katsufumi; Nakashima, Takuya; Harada, Takashi; Kawai, Tsuyoshi; Hasegawa, Yasuchika

    2011-01-10

    The distorted coordination structures and luminescence properties of novel lanthanide complexes with oxo-linked bidentate phosphane oxide ligands--4,5-bis(diphenylphosphoryl)-9,9-dimethylxanthene (xantpo), 4,5-bis(di-tert-butylphosphoryl)-9,9-dimethylxanthene (tBu-xantpo), and bis[(2-diphenylphosphoryl)phenyl] ether (dpepo)--and low-vibrational frequency hexafluoroacetylacetonato (hfa) ligands are reported. The lanthanide complexes exhibit characteristic square antiprism and trigonal dodecahedron structures with eight-coordinated oxygen atoms. The luminescence properties of these complexes are characterized by their emission quantum yields, emission lifetimes, and their radiative and nonradiative rate constants. Lanthanide complexes with dodecahedron structures offer markedly high emission quantum yields (Eu: 55-72 %, Sm: 2.4-5.0 % in [D(6)]acetone) due to enhancement of the electric dipole transition and suppression of vibrational relaxation. These remarkable luminescence properties are elucidated in terms of their distorted coordination structures.

  16. Structural and luminescent properties of electron-irradiated silicon

    SciTech Connect

    Sobolev, N. A.; Loshachenko, A. S.; Aruev, P. N.; Kalyadin, A. E.; Shek, E. I.; Zabrodskiy, V. V.; Shtel'makh, K. F.; Vdovin, V. I.; Xiang, Luelue; Yang, Deren

    2014-02-21

    Structural defects induced by electron irradiation of p-Cz-Si wafers were identified. The influence of the annealing conditions in a chlorine-containing atmosphere on the structural and luminescent properties of the samples was examined. Light-emitting diodes based on electron-irradiated and high-temperature-annealed wafers were fabricated by a vapour-phase epitaxy technique and their luminescence properties were studied. A high-intensity dislocation-related D1 line was observed at 1.6 μm in the room-temperature electroluminescence spectrum.

  17. [Synthesis, characterization and NIR luminescence properties of erbium organic complexes].

    PubMed

    Wang, Huai-shan; Qian, Guo-dong; Wang, Min-quan; Luo, Yong-shi; Lin, Jiu-ling

    2005-03-01

    Several erbium organic complexes, hydrated erbium binary complexes with acetylacetone (AcAc) or dibenzoylmethane (DBM), erbium ternary complexes derived from 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) with acetylacetone (AcAc), dibenzoylmethane (DBM) or trifluoroacetylacetone (TFA), were synthesized and identified by elemental analysis. The UV-Vis absorption and FTIR spectra measurements have been employed for all the erbium complexes. Near infrared (NIR) photoluminescence properties, such as luminescence intensity and effective bandwidth, of the erbium complexes were also studied. As a result, the erbium ternary complex with AcAc and Phen exhibits the most excellent luminescence properties among those investigated complexes.

  18. Luminescent properties of fluorophosphate glasses with molecular cadmium selenide clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolobkova, E. V.; Kukushkin, D. S.; Nikonorov, N. V.; Sidorov, A. I.; Shakhverdov, T. A.

    2015-02-01

    It is experimentally shown that, prior to the formation of CdSe quantum dots in fluorophosphate glasses with cadmium and selenium ions in the process of synthesis, subnanosized molecular clusters (CdSe) n are formed, which exhibit luminescence in the visible spectral region upon UV excitation. Heat treatment of the glasses increases the size of molecular clusters and makes their optical properties closer to the optical properties of CdSe semiconductor quantum dots. An increase in the sample temperature from 20 to 250°C leads to reversible thermal quenching of the luminescence.

  19. Structural and luminescent properties of electron-irradiated silicon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sobolev, N. A.; Aruev, P. N.; Kalyadin, A. E.; Shek, E. I.; Zabrodskiy, V. V.; Loshachenko, A. S.; Shtel`makh, K. F.; Vdovin, V. I.; Xiang, Luelue; Yang, Deren

    2014-02-01

    Structural defects induced by electron irradiation of p-Cz-Si wafers were identified. The influence of the annealing conditions in a chlorine-containing atmosphere on the structural and luminescent properties of the samples was examined. Light-emitting diodes based on electron-irradiated and high-temperature-annealed wafers were fabricated by a vapour-phase epitaxy technique and their luminescence properties were studied. A high-intensity dislocation-related D1 line was observed at 1.6 μm in the room-temperature electroluminescence spectrum.

  20. Luminescence and related properties of nanocrystalline porous silicon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koshida, N.

    This document is part of subvolume C3 'Optical Properties' of volume 34 'Semiconductor quantum structures' of Landolt-Börnstein, Group III, Condensed Matter, on the optical properties of quantum structures based on group IV semiconductors. It discusses luminescence and related properties of nanocrystalline porous silicon. Topics include an overview of nanostructured silicon, its fabrication technology, and properties of nanocrystalline porous silicon such as confinement effects, photoluminescence, electroluminesce, carrier charging effects, ballistic transport and emission, and thermally induced acoustic emission.

  1. Persistent luminescence properties of SrMg2(PO4)2:Eu2+,Tb3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ju, Guifang; Hu, Yihua; Chen, Li; Wang, Xiaojuan; Hung, Lihua

    2014-03-01

    We investigate the persistent luminescence in europium-doped SrMg2(PO4)2 upon codoping with auxiliary terbium. Luminescence properties of the phosphors, including photoluminescence, luminescence decay and thermoluminescence, are systematically studied. SrMg2(PO4)2:Eu2+ shows only a weak persistent luminescence, and codoping with Tb3+ is necessary to obtain considerable persistent luminescence. An energy level scheme is constructed to convey reasonable trapping and detrapping processes in the material.

  2. Remote auditing of radiotherapy facilities using optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters

    SciTech Connect

    Lye, Jessica Dunn, Leon; Kenny, John; Alves, Andrew; Lehmann, Joerg; Williams, Ivan; Kron, Tomas; Oliver, Chris; Butler, Duncan; Johnston, Peter; Franich, Rick

    2014-03-15

    Purpose: On 1 July 2012, the Australian Clinical Dosimetry Service (ACDS) released its Optically Stimulated Luminescent Dosimeter (OSLD) Level I audit, replacing the previous TLD based audit. The aim of this work is to present the results from this new service and the complete uncertainty analysis on which the audit tolerances are based. Methods: The audit release was preceded by a rigorous evaluation of the InLight® nanoDot OSLD system from Landauer (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL). Energy dependence, signal fading from multiple irradiations, batch variation, reader variation, and dose response factors were identified and quantified for each individual OSLD. The detectors are mailed to the facility in small PMMA blocks, based on the design of the existing Radiological Physics Centre audit. Modeling and measurement were used to determine a factor that could convert the dose measured in the PMMA block, to dose in water for the facility's reference conditions. This factor is dependent on the beam spectrum. The TPR{sub 20,10} was used as the beam quality index to determine the specific block factor for a beam being audited. The audit tolerance was defined using a rigorous uncertainty calculation. The audit outcome is then determined using a scientifically based two tiered action level approach. Audit outcomes within two standard deviations were defined as Pass (Optimal Level), within three standard deviations as Pass (Action Level), and outside of three standard deviations the outcome is Fail (Out of Tolerance). Results: To-date the ACDS has audited 108 photon beams with TLD and 162 photon beams with OSLD. The TLD audit results had an average deviation from ACDS of 0.0% and a standard deviation of 1.8%. The OSLD audit results had an average deviation of −0.2% and a standard deviation of 1.4%. The relative combined standard uncertainty was calculated to be 1.3% (1σ). Pass (Optimal Level) was reduced to ≤2.6% (2σ), and Fail (Out of Tolerance) was reduced to >3

  3. X-ray luminescence based spectrometer for investigation of scintillation properties

    SciTech Connect

    Varney, C. R.; Khamehchi, M. A.; Ji, Jianfeng; Selim, F. A.

    2012-10-15

    A new x-ray luminescence based spectrometer was developed and installed to examine the scintillation properties of materials while revealing the origins of luminescence and investigating trapping defects. Measurements were performed on a number of undoped and Ce doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystals and various luminescence centers were characterized. The measured x-ray luminescence spectra provide information about the spectral range and the scintillation efficiency and linearity. The efficiency of charge-carriers production due to x ray, their energy transfer to the luminescence centers, and the efficiency of luminescence are all reflected in the efficiency of x-ray luminescence.

  4. Long persistent and optically stimulated luminescence behaviors of calcium aluminates with different trap filling processes

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Buhao; Xu, Xuhui; Li, Qianyue; Wu, Yumei; Qiu, Jianbei; Yu, Xue

    2014-09-15

    Properties of long persistent luminescence (LPL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, R{sup 3+} (R=Nd, Dy, Tm) materials were investigated. The observed phenomenon indicates that R{sup 3+} ions (R=Nd, Dy, Tm) have different effects on trap properties of CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}. The greatly improved LPL performance was observed in Nd{sup 3+} co-doped samples, which indicates that the incorporation of Nd{sup 3+} creates suitable traps for LPL. While co-doping Tm{sup 3+} ions, the intensity of high temperature of thermoluminescence band in CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors is enhanced for the formation of the most suitable traps which benefits the intense and stable OSL. These results suggest that the effective traps contributed to the LPL/OSL are complex, of which could be an aggregation formation with shallow and deep traps other than simple traps from co-doped R{sup 3+} ions. The mechanism presented in the end potentially provides explanations of why the OSL of CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, R{sup 3+} exhibits different read-in/read-out performance as well. - Graphical abstract: OSL emission spectra of Ca{sub 0.995}Al{sub 2}O{sub 4}:0.0025Eu{sup 2+}, 0.0025R{sup 3+} (R=Nd, Dy, Tm) taken under varying stimulation time (0, 25, 50, 75, 100 s). Inset: Blue emission pictures under varying stimulation time. - Highlights: • The LPL and OSL properties of CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}, R{sup 3+} were investigated. • An alternative approach to control the trap depth of CaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor was proposed. • A new oxide ETM phosphor exhibiting intense and stable OSL was explored.

  5. Detection of UV light based on chemically stimulated luminescence of crystal phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grankin, D. V.; Grankin, V. P.; Martysh, M. A.

    2016-06-01

    High-efficiency accommodation of heterogeneous-reaction energy via an electronic channel and the possibility of using this effect to design an ionizing (UV) radiation detector based on chemically stimulated luminescence have been investigated. Preliminary irradiation of a ZnS sample by UV light is found to cause a luminescence flash under subsequent exposure of the sample surface to a flux of hydrogen atoms. The flash intensity depends on the UV excitation level and increases by several orders of magnitude in comparison with an unirradiated sample. It is shown that a new method for detecting UV light using chemically stimulated luminescence of crystal phosphors accumulating light yield can be developed based on this effect.

  6. Luminescent properties of diamond single crystals of pyramidal shape

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alekseev, A. M.; Tuyakova, F. T.; Obraztsova, E. A.; Korostylev, E. V.; Klinov, D. V.; Prusakov, K. A.; Malykhin, S. A.; Ismagilov, R. R.; Obraztsov, A. N.

    2016-11-01

    The luminescence properties of needle-like crystals of diamond, obtained by selective oxidation of textured polycrystalline diamond films, are studied. Diamond films were grown by chemical vapor deposition from a methane-hydrogen mixture activated by a DC discharge. The spectra of photo- and cathodoluminescence and the spatial distribution of the intensity of radiation at different wavelengths are obtained for individual needle-like crystals. Based on the spectral characteristics, conclusions are made about the presence of optically active defects containing nitrogen and silicon impurities in their structure, as well as the significant effect of structural defects on their luminescence spectra.

  7. Molecule-based electrorheological material with luminescence property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Ming-Xing; Liao, Fu-Hui; Shang, Yan-Li; Jia, Yun-Ling; Li, Jun-Ran

    2013-02-01

    Molecule-based electrorheological (ER) materials with luminescence property, based on β-cyclodextrin [(C6O5H10)7, β-CD] inclusion compounds between β-CD (host) and the rare earth (RE) (RE=Tb, Eu) complex (guest), have been synthesized as a novel type of ER materials using β-CD, Tb(NO3)3, Eu(NO3)3, sulphosalicylic acid (C7H6O6S·2H2O, SSA) and m-phthalic acid (C8H6O4, MPA) as original materials. The composition, ER performance, luminescence property and dielectric property of the materials have been studied. The results show that the rare earth complex in the cavity of β-CD may enhance the ER performance of β-CD, and the complex (Tb-SSA) of Tb3+ can improve more effectively the ER activity of β-CD than that (Eu-MPA) of Eu3+ among both of the complexes. The composition and structure are the dominant factors in improving the ER effect. The fluorescence intensity, fluorescence lifetime and emission quantum yield of the particle materials and their suspensions in silicone oil have been tested, and fine luminescence performance has been detected. The material with ER activity and luminescence performance is a novel multifunctional material which would have wide application prospect.

  8. Detection of surface impurity phases in high T.sub.C superconductors using thermally stimulated luminescence

    DOEpatents

    Cooke, D. Wayne; Jahan, Muhammad S.

    1989-01-01

    Detection of surface impurity phases in high-temperature superconducting materials. Thermally stimulated luminescence has been found to occur in insulating impurity phases which commonly exist in high-temperature superconducting materials. The present invention is sensitive to impurity phases occurring at a level of less than 1% with a probe depth of about 1 .mu.m which is the region of interest for many superconductivity applications. Spectroscopic and spatial resolution of the emitted light from a sample permits identification and location of the impurity species. Absence of luminescence, and thus of insulating phases, can be correlated with low values of rf surface resistance.

  9. Dependence of the stimulated luminescence threshold in ZnO nanocrystals on their geometric shape

    SciTech Connect

    Gruzintsev, A. N. Redkin, A. N.; Barthou, C.

    2010-05-15

    The effect of the shape and dimensions of zinc oxide nanocrystals on the spontaneous luminescence decay times and the thresholds of stimulated luminescence in the ultraviolet spectral region is studied. It is shown that the columnar nanocrystals with hexagonal faceting exhibit the lowest threshold power of optical excitation for the diameters of the nanocavities are 100-200 nm, comparable to the absorption length for the excitation light. Different mechanisms of lasing are established for nanocrystals shaped as prisms and pyramids with a hexagonal base. Variations in the decay times and lasing thresholds can be attributed to different local densities of photon states in regularly shaped nanocrystals.

  10. Evaluation of environmental dose at JCO using luminescence from quartz stimulated by blue light.

    PubMed

    Hong, D G; Galloway, R B; Takano, M; Hashimoto, T

    2001-01-01

    The environmental dose due to the recent nuclear accident at JCO, Japan, was estimated using luminescence optically stimulated from unheated quartz. Two methods originally developed for dating analysis, the single aliquot additive dose method and the single aliquot regeneration added dose method, were employed to confirm the dose rate. Consistent results were obtained from both methods and from thermoluminescence measurements. Although the dose rate values had lower precision than can be obtained from heated materials, it is suggested that luminescence from sedimentary quartz can usefully be employed in retrosepective dosimetry.

  11. Use of an airborne Fraunhofer line discriminator for the detection of solar stimulated luminescence

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Watson, Robert D.; Hemphill, William R.

    1976-01-01

    Future work will include the integration of the FLO with a line scan imaging system in order to assess the contribution of two-dimensional spatial resolution to the interpretability and usefulness of luminescence data. It should also include 1) investigation of luminescence polarization of some materials, particularly metal stressed plants, 2) an assessment of the use of pulsed lasers to stimulate phosphorescence decay time in the nanosecond and microsecond ranges; and 3) a study to determine the feasibility of conducting an FLO experiment from the Space Shuttle or other spacecraft.

  12. Structure and spectral-luminescent properties of polymethine dyes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishchenko, Aleksandr A.

    1991-08-01

    The review considers the influence of the length of the polymethine chain, the structures of the hetero-radicals, the nature of substituents, electronic asymmetry, interactions of chromophores, structures of ion-pairs, photochemical reactions with proton transfer, and concentration, on the spectral-luminescent properties of polymethine dyes. The characteristic features of these properties in low-polarity media, including polymeric matrices, are discussed. Solvatochromism and solvatofluorochromism of polymethines are considered. Major factors influencing changes in the spectral-luminescent properties of cyanines, in relation to their structure and the nature of the medium, are revealed. Possible applications of polymethines to the solution of various problems connected with the transformation of light energy are discussed. The bibliography includes 231 references.

  13. Performance of CVD diamond as an optically and thermally stimulated luminescence dosemeter.

    PubMed

    Preciado-Flores, S; Schreck, M; Meléndrez, R; Chernov, V; Bernal, R; Cruz-Vázquez, C; Cruz-Zaragoza, E; Barboza-Flores, M

    2006-01-01

    Diamond is a material with extreme physical properties. Its radiation hardness, chemical inertness and tissue equivalence qualify it as an ideal material for radiation dosimetry. In the present work, the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and thermoluminescence (TL) characteristics of a 10 microm thick CVD diamond (polycrystalline diamond films prepared by chemical vapor deposition) film were studied in order to test its performance as a beta radiation dosemeter. The TL response is composed of four main TL glow peaks; two of these are in the range of 150-200 degrees C and two additional peaks in the 250-400 degrees C temperature range. The integrated TL as a function of radiation dose is linear up to 100 Gy and increases with increasing dose exposure. The dose dependence of the integrated OSL exhibits a similar behavior. The observed OSL/TL behavior for the CVD diamond film clearly demonstrate its capability for applications in radiation dosimetry with special relevance in medical dosimetry owing to the diamond's intrinsic material properties.

  14. Photoelectric and luminescent properties of dysprosium-doped silver chloride

    SciTech Connect

    Novikov, G. F. Rabenok, E. V.; Bocharov, K. V.; Lichkova, N. V.; Ovchinnikov, O. V.; Latyshev, A. N.

    2011-02-15

    The influence of dysprosium doping on the photoelectric and luminescent properties of AgCl crystals is studied by methods of microwave photoconductivity and photoluminescence. Doping affects both the loss kinetics of photogenerated electrons and luminescence spectra and parameters of photostimulated burst of luminescence. It is shown that the charged [Dy{sub Ag}{sup {center_dot}{center_dot}} {center_dot} V Prime {sub Ag}]{sup {center_dot}} or neutral [Dy{sub Ag}{sup {center_dot}{center_dot}} {center_dot} 2V Prime {sub Ag}]{sup x} complexes are responsible for a new luminescence band peaked at 470 nm, which manifests itself at weight concentrations of the doping additive >10{sup -6}%. The long-wavelength shoulder at 570 nm in the photoluminescence spectra is attributed to intracenter transitions in the Dy{sup 3+} ions. The rate constant of the reaction of electron capture into the traps forming upon introduction of the dopant, k{sub t} = (3-5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -8} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1}, is evaluated. It is assumed that the traps are Dy{sup 3+} dysprosium ions.

  15. Spectral-luminescent and lasing properties of pyridylaryloxazoles

    SciTech Connect

    Alekseeva, V.I.

    1986-09-01

    This paper studies the spectral-luminescent and lasing properties of several new 2-(4-pyridyl)-5-aryloxazoles with a varying substituent in the 5-phenyl radical, and their quarternary salts (II). The spectral-luminescent properties of the compounds synthesized were investigated by using a SF-4A spectrophotometer and a fluorescent apparatus based on a ZMR-3 monochromator with photoelectric recording. The absolute fluorescence quantum yields were determined by the equal absorption method. The absorption spectra of compounds I in 96% ethanol are not different in their character from an absorption spectrum of unsubstituted 2,5-diphenyloxazole (PPO). It is shown that the compounds studied are prospective for lasing emission in the 16,130-20,410 cm/sup -1/ region.

  16. Lanthanide coordination polymers: Synthesis, diverse structure and luminescence properties

    SciTech Connect

    Song, Xue-Qin Lei, Yao-Kun; Wang, Xiao-Run; Zhao, Meng-Meng; Peng, Yun-Qiao; Cheng, Guo-Quan

    2014-10-15

    The new semirigid exo-bidentate ligand incorporating furfurysalicylamide terminal groups, namely, 1,4-bis([(2′-furfurylaminoformyl)phenoxyl]methyl)-2,5-bismethylbenzene (L) was synthesized and used as building blocks for constructing lanthanide coordination polymers with luminescent properties. The series of lanthanide nitrate complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis. The semirigid ligand L, as a bridging ligand, reacts with lanthanide nitrates forming three distinct structure types: chiral noninterpenetrated two-dimensional (2D) honeycomblike (6,3) (hcb, Schläfli symbol 6{sup 3}, vertex symbol 6 6 6) topological network as type I, 1D zigzag chain as type II and 1D trapezoid ladder-like chain as type III. The structural diversities indicate that lanthanide contraction effect played significant roles in the structural self-assembled process. The luminescent properties of Eu{sup III}, Tb{sup III} and Dy{sup III} complexes are discussed in detail. Due to the good match between the lowest triplet state of the ligand and the resonant energy level of the lanthanide ion, the lanthanide ions in Eu{sup III}, Tb{sup III} and Dy{sup III} complexes can be efficiently sensitized by the ligand. - Graphical abstract: We present herein six lanthanide coordination polymers of a new semirigid exo-bidentate ligand which not only display diverse structures but also possess strong luminescence properties. - Highlights: • We present lanthanide coordination polymers of a new semirigid exo-bidentate ligand. • The lanthanide coordination polymers exhibit diverse structures. • The luminescent properties of Tb{sup III}, Eu{sup III} and Dy{sup III} complexes are discussed in detail.

  17. Characterization and modeling of relative luminescence efficiency of optically stimulated luminescence detectors exposed to heavy charged particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sawakuchi, Gabriel Oliveira

    Scope and method of study. This work investigates the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) response of carbon-doped aluminum oxide Al2O3:C detectors exposed to heavy charged particles (HCPs) with energies relevant to radiation protection in space, and cancer therapy. This investigation includes ground-based experiments in accelerators and theoretical studies of the detector's response. These theoretical studies are based on the track structure model (TSM) and require information of the spatial pattern of energy deposition around the HCP path---the radial dose distribution (RDD). Thus, RDDs were obtained using six analytical models, and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations with the code GEANT4. In addition, we propose a modified analytical model to improve the agreement between calculated and experimental efficiency values. Findings and conclusions. Dose response experiments showed that beta rays and H 1000 MeV radiations produced similar responses in the detectors and we concluded that the H 1000 MeV and beta radiations deposit energy similarly. We observed a common trend of decreasing the relative luminescence efficiency (etaHCP,gamma ) as increasing the unrestricted linear energy transfer in water ( LH2Oinfinity ) for all the detectors. For Luxel(TM) detectors the eta HCP,gamma was close to unit for particles with LH2Oinfinity lower than 3 keV/mum. TSM using the RDD from Chatterjee and Schaefer, Butts and Katz, Waligorski et al., Fageeha et al., Kiefer and Straaten, and Geibeta et al. models failed to predict the etaHCP,gamma values. We proposed a modified version of the RDD from Butts and Katz model, which agreed within 20% with relative luminescence efficiency experimental data. This was the first time that such agreement was achieved for a wide range of HCPs of different energies. MC simulations with GEANT4 agreed within 35% with etaHCP,gamma experimental data. Finally, we suggested a correction method, based on the calculation of etaHCP,gamma using the TSM

  18. Thermally and optically stimulated luminescence in long persistent orthorhombic strontium aluminates doped with Eu, Dy and Eu, Nd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zúñiga-Rivera, N. J.; Salas-Castillo, P.; Chernov, V.; Díaz-Torres, L. A.; Meléndrez, R.; García-Gutierrez, R.; Carrillo-Torres, R. C.; Barboza-Flores, M.

    2017-05-01

    The long persistent luminescence, thermoluminescence (TL) and IR stimulated luminescence properties of two orthorhombic strontium aluminates (Sr4Al14O25) co-doped with Eu2+, Dy3+ and Eu2+, Nd3+ exposed to beta radiation is reported. The phosphors were synthesized by the combustion method followed by a post-annealing treatment under a reductive carbon atmosphere. Photoluminescence emission spectra of both phosphors are typical for emission of Eu2+ ions with 7-fold and 10-fold coordination in Sr4Al14025 and consist of the main band at 480 nm and a weak band between 390 and 440 nm. After exposure to beta radiation the Sr4Al14025:Eu2+,Dy3+ phosphor exhibits two strongly overlapped TL peaks at about 70 and 100 °C while the low temperature TL of the Sr4Al14025:Eu2+,Nd3+ phosphor consist of two well separated peaks with maxima at about 60 and 130 °C. Additionally, both phosphors exhibit a weak TL between 180 and 400 °C. The traps responsible for the low temperature TL peaks are the Dy3+ and Nd3+ centers situated in two different Sr sites with 7-fold and 10-fold coordination. The thermal emptying of the Dy and Nd filled traps creates ultra-long intense afterglow, which gradually decays with time and remains detectable after 220 h storage in dark. IR stimulation of beta irradiated phosphors creates intense IR stimulated luminescence, which is related to the release of electrons from the filled Dy and Nd traps.

  19. Three-dimensional radiation dosimetry based on optically-stimulated luminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sadel, M.; Høye, E. M.; Skyt, P. S.; Muren, L. P.; Petersen, J. B. B.; Balling, P.

    2017-05-01

    A new approach to three-dimensional (3D) dosimetry based on optically-stimulated luminescence (OSL) is presented. By embedding OSL-active particles into a transparent silicone matrix (PDMS), the well-established dosimetric properties of an OSL material are exploited in a 3D-OSL dosimeter. By investigating prototype dosimeters in standard cuvettes in combination with small test samples for OSL readers, it is shown that a sufficient transparency of the 3D-OSL material can be combined with an OSL response giving an estimated >10.000 detected photons in 1 second per 1mm3 voxel of the dosimeter at a dose of 1 Gy. The dose distribution in the 3D-OSL dosimeters can be directly read out optically without the need for subsequent reconstruction by computational inversion algorithms. The dosimeters carry the advantages known from personal-dosimetry use of OSL: the dose distribution following irradiation can be stored with minimal fading for extended periods of time, and dosimeters are reusable as they can be reset, e.g. by an intense (bleaching) light field.

  20. Wringing the last drop of optically stimulated luminescence response for accurate dating of glacial sediments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Medialdea, Alicia; Bateman, Mark D.; Evans, David J.; Roberts, David H.; Chiverrell, Richard C.; Clark, Chris D.

    2017-04-01

    BRITICE-CHRONO is a NERC-funded consortium project of more than 40 researchers aiming to establish the retreat patterns of the last British and Irish Ice Sheet. For this purpose, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating, among other dating techniques, has been used in order to establish accurate chronology. More than 150 samples from glacial environments have been dated and provide key information for modelling of the ice retreat. Nevertheless, luminescence dating of glacial sediments has proven to be challenging: first, glacial sediments were often affected by incomplete bleaching and secondly, quartz grains within the sediments sampled were often characterized by complex luminescence behaviour; characterized by dim signal and low reproducibility. Specific statistical approaches have been used to over come the former to enable the estimated ages to be based on grain populations most likely to have been well bleached. This latest work presents how issues surrounding complex luminescence behaviour were over-come in order to obtain accurate OSL ages. This study has been performed on two samples of bedded sand originated on an ice walled lake plain, in Lincolnshire, UK. Quartz extracts from each sample were artificially bleached and irradiated to known doses. Dose recovery tests have been carried out under different conditions to study the effect of: preheat temperature, thermal quenching, contribution of slow components, hot bleach after a measuring cycles and IR stimulation. Measurements have been performed on different luminescence readers to study the possible contribution of instrument reproducibility. These have shown that a great variability can be observed not only among the studied samples but also within a specific site and even a specific sample. In order to determine an accurate chronology and realistic uncertainties to the estimated ages, this variability must be taken into account. Tight acceptance criteria to measured doses from natural, not

  1. Red-IR stimulated luminescence in K-feldspar: Single or multiple trap origin?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thalbitzer Andersen, Martin; Jain, Mayank; Tidemand-Lichtenberg, Peter

    2012-08-01

    We investigate on the origins of the infra-red stimulated luminescence (IRSL) signals in 3 potassium feldspars based on IR-red spectroscopy (˜700-1050 nm) using a fiber-coupled tunable Ti:Sapphire laser, in combination with different thermal and optical (pre)treatments of the samples. We also measure dose-response curves with different wavelengths and at different stimulation temperatures so as to be able to distinguish between traps based on their electron trapping cross-sections. Our data suggest that the dosimetric signals, IRSL, and the post IR-IRSL in K-feldspars arise from a single electron trapping centre.

  2. Investigation of a BeO-based optically stimulated luminescence dosemeter.

    PubMed

    Sommer, M; Henniger, J

    2006-01-01

    The optical sensitivity of BeO-based luminophors has been well-known for many years. The optical stimulation of BeO with blue light is most effective. Then the dosemeters emit luminescent light in the ultraviolet-range around 325 nm. Matched on these facts a simple optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) treatment has been developed. Intense blue light-emitting diodes are used for cw-stimulation. A Hamamatsu solar blind photomultiplier detects the OSL-light. Good separation of both spectral ranges by optical filters is very important. The dosemeter has a linear dose response between approximately 20 muGy and >10 Gy. It was suggested, that a modification of stimulation conditions would allow measurements down to 1 muGy. Fading, photon energy dependence and reproducibility of OSL-signal correspond well with requirements to clinical and personal dosemeters. In addition, basic questions of the OSL-process in BeO have been investigated. A relevant point of interest was the dependency of the OSL-signal on stimulation power.

  3. Luminescent and thermochromic properties of tellurium(IV) halide complexes with cesium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sedakova, T. V.; Mirochnik, A. G.

    2016-02-01

    The spectral-luminescent and thermochromic properties of complex compounds of the composition Cs2TeHal6 (Hal = Cl, Br, I) are studied. The interrelation between the geometric structure and spectral-luminescent properties is studied using the example on complex compounds of tellurium(IV) halides with cesium. The Stokes shift and the luminescence intensity of Te(IV) ions with island octahedral coordination are found to depend on the position of the A band in the luminescence excitation spectra, the diffuse reflection, and the energy of the luminescent 3 P 1 → 1 S 0 transition of the tellurium(IV) ion. The maximum luminescence intensity and the minimum Stokes shift at 77 and 300 K are observed for Cs2TeCl6. The geometrical and electronic factors responsible for luminescence intensification in Te(IV) complexes under study are analyzed.

  4. Dimensionality effects on the luminescence properties of hBN.

    PubMed

    Schué, Léonard; Berini, Bruno; Betz, Andreas C; Plaçais, Bernard; Ducastelle, François; Barjon, Julien; Loiseau, Annick

    2016-04-07

    Cathodoluminescence (CL) experiments at low temperature have been undertaken on various bulk and exfoliated hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) samples. Different bulk crystals grown from different synthesis methods have been studied. All of them present the same so-called S series in the 5.6-6 eV range, proving its intrinsic character. Luminescence spectra of flakes containing 100 down to 6 layers have been recorded. Strong modifications in the same UV range are observed and discussed within the general framework of 2D exciton properties in lamellar crystals.

  5. A luminescent coordination polymer based on a π-conjugated ligand: Syntheses, structure and luminescent property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Dan-Yang; Xie, Hua; Yao, Xiao-Qiang; Ma, Heng-Chang; Lei, Zi-Qiang; Liu, Jia-Cheng

    2017-04-01

    A new cadmium coordination polymer [Cd(DPFE)(adip)0.5(NO3)]n (1) has been synthesized hydrothermally from the self-assembly of the Cd2+ ion with a new π-conjugated rigid ligand DPFE and the adipic acid, where DPFE = 2,7-di(pyridin-4-yl)-9H-fluorene and H2adip = adipic acid. The structure of 1 was full characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Structural analysis reveals compound 1 is a dinuclear Cd(II) based two-dimensional (4,4) layer and two kinds of strong intramolecular π-π stacking interactions exist between pyridyl rings and benzene rings. In addition, the thermogravimetric analysis and solid-state luminescent properties have also been investigated.

  6. Optically stimulated luminescence in doped NaCl

    SciTech Connect

    Gaikwad, S. U. Patil, R. R.; Kulkarni, M. S.; Bhatt, B. C.

    2016-05-06

    NaCl:Ca,Cu,P NaCl:Mg,Cu,P OSL phosphors are synthesized. Intense OSL is observed in these samples which is 14 times more than Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C. Same samples coated with PVA (poly vinyl actetae) polymer also show similar OSL properties and these coated samples are found to be less susceptible to the moisture due to protected layer of hydrophobic polymer. These coated samples may be useful as OSL dosimetersdue to high sensitivity and less or no susceptibility to moisture.

  7. Thermal and electron stimulated luminescence of natural bones, commercial hydroxyapatite and collagen.

    PubMed

    Roman-Lopez, J; Correcher, V; Garcia-Guinea, J; Rivera, T; Lozano, I B

    2014-01-01

    The luminescence (cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence) properties of natural bones (Siberian mammoth and adult elephant), commercial hydroxyapatite and collagen were analyzed. Chemical analyses of the natural bones were determined using by Electron Probe Micro-Analysis (EMPA). Structural, molecular and thermal characteristics were determined by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and Differential Thermal and Thermogravimetric analysis (DTA-TG). Cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra of natural bones and collagen showed similar intense broad bands at 440 and 490 nm related to luminescence of the tetrahedral anion [Formula: see text] or structural defects. A weaker luminescence exhibited at 310 nm could be attributed to small amount of rare earth elements (REEs). Four luminescent bands at 378, 424, 468 and 576 nm were observed in the commercial hydroxyapatite (HAP). Both natural bones and collagen samples exhibited natural thermoluminescence (NTL) with well-defined glow curves whereas that the induced thermoluminescence (ITL) only appears in the samples of commercial hydroxyapatite and collagen. Additional explanations for the TL anomalous fading of apatite, as a crucial difficulty performing dosimetry and dating, are also considered.

  8. Analysis of thermally stimulated luminescence and conductivity without quasi-equilibrium approximation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Opanowicz, A.

    2007-08-01

    Thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) and conductivity (TSC) are considered using the classical insulator model that assumes one kind of active trap, one kind of inactive deep trap and one kind of recombination centre. Kinetic equations describing the model are solved numerically without and with the use of quasi-equilibrium (QE) approximation. The QE state is characterized by the parameter qI = (dnc/dt)/Ie, where dnc/dt is the rate of change of free electron density, and Ie is the TSL intensity. The QE state parameter qI, the relative recombination probability γ = Ie/(Ie + It) (It is the trapping intensity) and a new parameter called a quasi-stationary (QS) state parameter q* = qIγ = (dnc/dt)/(Ie + It) are used for the analysis of the TSL and TSC. The QE and QS states are determined by conditions |qI| Lt 1 and, respectively, |q*| Lt 1. The TSL and TSC curves and the temperature dependences of qI, q*, γ the recombination lifetime and the occupancies of active traps and recombination centres are numerically calculated for five sets of kinetic parameters and different heating rates. These calculation results show that (1) the upper limit of the heating rate for the presence of the QS state appears at a higher heating rate than that for the QE state when the retrapping process is present, and (2) the TSL (TSC) curves in the QS state have properties similar to those for the TSL (TSC) curves in the QE state. Approximate formulae for calculation of the parameters qI and q* in the initial range of the TSL and TSC curves are derived and used in the heating-rate methods, proposed in this work, for determination of those parameters from the calculated TSL curves.

  9. Laser stimulated plasma-induced luminescence for on-air material analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Veltri, S.; Barberio, M.; Liberatore, C.; Scisciò, M.; Laramée, A.; Palumbo, L.; Legaré, F.; Antici, P.

    2017-01-01

    In this work, we present a method for performing analysis of the chemical composition and optical properties of materials using In-Air Plasma-Induced Luminescence. This is achieved by interaction of a focused high-energy laser with air, an interaction that produces a sub-millimetric plasma. The energetic electrons generated and accelerated in the plasma at energies higher than 5 keV reach the target surface of the sample to be analyzed, causing luminescence emission and plasmonic resonance. Each material is characterized by different chemical and optical properties that can be determined with the above-described technique. As such, our method allows obtaining an exact analysis of the sample, covering surfaces in the range of tens of mm2, in only a few minutes. We show that the acquired information with our method is identical to what obtained with more sophisticated methods, such as SEM-cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence.

  10. New multifunction materials with both electrorheological performance and luminescence property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Ming-Xing; Shang, Yan-Li; Jia, Yun-Ling; Dong, Xiang-Yu; Ren, Jing; Li, Jun-Ran

    2017-02-01

    Novel multifunctional materials, the composites AlOOH-NaYFTb5 and AlOOH-NaYFTb10, containing AlO(OH) and β-NaYF4:5%Tb3+, have been synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route and a simple grinding method. The boehmite [AlO(OH)], yttrium nitrate [Y(NO3)3·6H2O], terbium nitrate, [Tb(NO3)3·6H2O], sodium citrate (Na3C6H5O7·2H2O) and sodium fluoride (NaF) were used as starting materials. The composition, electrorheological (ER) performance, and luminescence property of the functional materials were studied. Our results show that the composites not only have good electrorheological (ER) performance, but also have good optics property. The relative shear stress τ r ( τ r = τ E/ τ 0, τ E and τ 0 are the shear stresses at the electric field strength E = 4 and 0 kV/mm, respectively) values of the suspension (25 wt.%) of AlOOHNaYFTb5 material in silicone oil are all larger than 50 in a shear rate ranging from 0.06 to 26 s-1, the τr value reaches 1333 at a shear rate of 0.06 s-1. The material with such high ER activity and favorable luminescence performance is advantageous in its application as a multifunctional material.

  11. Luminescence properties of defects in GaN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reshchikov, Michael A.; Morkoç, Hadis

    2005-03-01

    Gallium nitride (GaN) and its allied binaries InN and AIN as well as their ternary compounds have gained an unprecedented attention due to their wide-ranging applications encompassing green, blue, violet, and ultraviolet (UV) emitters and detectors (in photon ranges inaccessible by other semiconductors) and high-power amplifiers. However, even the best of the three binaries, GaN, contains many structural and point defects caused to a large extent by lattice and stacking mismatch with substrates. These defects notably affect the electrical and optical properties of the host material and can seriously degrade the performance and reliability of devices made based on these nitride semiconductors. Even though GaN broke the long-standing paradigm that high density of dislocations precludes acceptable device performance, point defects have taken the center stage as they exacerbate efforts to increase the efficiency of emitters, increase laser operation lifetime, and lead to anomalies in electronic devices. The point defects include native isolated defects (vacancies, interstitial, and antisites), intentional or unintentional impurities, as well as complexes involving different combinations of the isolated defects. Further improvements in device performance and longevity hinge on an in-depth understanding of point defects and their reduction. In this review a comprehensive and critical analysis of point defects in GaN, particularly their manifestation in luminescence, is presented. In addition to a comprehensive analysis of native point defects, the signatures of intentionally and unintentionally introduced impurities are addressed. The review discusses in detail the characteristics and the origin of the major luminescence bands including the ultraviolet, blue, green, yellow, and red bands in undoped GaN. The effects of important group-II impurities, such as Zn and Mg on the photoluminescence of GaN, are treated in detail. Similarly, but to a lesser extent, the effects of

  12. Stimulation of luminescence of mycelium of luminous fungus Neonothopanus nambi by ionizing radiation.

    PubMed

    Kobzeva, Tatiana V; Melnikov, Anatoly R; Karogodina, Tatiana Y; Zikirin, Samat B; Stass, Dmitri V; Molin, Yuri N; Rodicheva, Emma K; Medvedeva, Svetlana E; Puzyr, Alexey P; Burov, Andrey A; Bondar, Vladimir S; Gitelson, Joseph I

    2014-11-01

    The luminescent system of higher luminous fungi is not fully understood and the enzyme/substrate pair of the light emission reaction has not been isolated. It was suggested that luminescence of fungi involves oxidase-type enzymes, and reactive oxygen species are important for fungal light production. Generation of reactive oxygen species can be stimulated by ionizing irradiation, which has not been studied for luminous fungi. We report the effect of X-irradiation on the luminescence of fungus Neonothopanus nambi. Experiments were performed with mycelium on a home-built setup based on an X-ray tube and monochromator/photomultiplier tube. Application of X-rays does not change the emission spectrum, but after approximately 20 min of continuous irradiation, light production from unsupported mycelium starts growing and increases up to approximately five times. After peaking, its level decreases irrespective of the presence of X-irradiation. After staying at a certain level, light production collapses to zero, which is not related to the drying of the mycelium or thermal impact of radiation. The observed shape of kinetics is characteristic of a multistage and/or chain reaction. The time profile of light production must reflect the current levels of radicals present in the system and/or the activity of enzyme complexes involved in light production. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  13. Charge trapping induced by plasma in alumina electrode surface investigated by thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Ambrico, P. F.; Ambrico, M.; Schiavulli, L.; Ligonzo, T.; Augelli, V.

    2009-02-02

    The plasma of a dielectric barrier discharge can fill traps in the alumina that cover the electrode. Trap energies and lifetimes are estimated by thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence. Comparison with similar results for traps created by other radiation sources clarifies the mechanisms regulating this effect. Alumina's trap energies are approximately 1 eV, and the traps remain active for several days after plasma exposure. These results could be important to keep dielectric barrier discharge plasmas uniform since a trapped charge can be an electron reservoir.

  14. Optically stimulated luminescence in NaMgF{sub 3}:Eu{sup 2+}

    SciTech Connect

    Dotzler, C.; Williams, G. V. M.; Rieser, U.; Edgar, A.

    2007-09-17

    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and thermoluminescence (TL) measurements were performed on polycrystalline NaMgF{sub 3}:Eu{sup 2+} as well as sintered and quenched NaMgF{sub 3}:Eu{sup 2+} after exposure to ionizing radiation. The authors find a range of TL traps and the sintering and quenching process reduces the concentration of shallow traps. The resultant time integrated OSL intensity is linear from microgray dose levels to approximately 100 Gy, and hence this material is suitable for a personal and environmental dosimetry, where low dose levels are encountered and high sensitivity is required.

  15. Gamma response characterizations of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) affects personal dosimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monthonwattana, S.; Esor, J.; Rungseesumran, T.; Intang, A.

    2017-06-01

    Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) is the current technique of personal dosimetry changed by Nuclear Technology Service Center instead of Thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) because OSL has more advantages, such as repeat reading and elimination of heating process. In this study, OSL was used to test the gamma response characterizations. Detailed OSL investigation on personal dosimetry was carried out in the dose range of 0.2 - 3.0 mSv. The batch homogeneity was 7.66%. R2 value of the linear regression was 0.9997. The difference ratio of angular dependence at ± 60° was 8.7%. Fading of the reading was about 3%.

  16. The influence of silver ion exchange on the luminescence properties of Er-Yb silicate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stanek, S.; Nekvindova, P.; Svecova, B.; Vytykacova, S.; Mika, M.; Oswald, J.; Barkman, O.; Spirkova, J.

    2017-10-01

    A set of zinc-silicate glasses with different ratios of Er-Yb as well amount of Zn was fabricated. The preparation of silver doped glasses was carried out using the Ag-Na ion-exchange method to enhance Er-Yb luminescence properties of the material. The samples were also annealed for 1-5 h to further support the creation of silver nanoparticles. Intensive absorption at 980 nm was observed in absorption spectra after ion exchange and annealing as well. Also luminescence spectra in the near-infrared range were measured and results showed positive effect of ion exchange process on luminescence properties. Luminescence intensity at 1530 nm was increased almost three times. Possible mechanisms responsible for the increase of the luminescence intensity are also discussed in this paper. We suggest that the enhancement of erbium luminescence intensity is caused by the energy transfer from isolated Ag+ ions to Er.

  17. A thermo-responsive supramolecular organogel: dual luminescence properties and luminescence conversion induced by Cd(2+).

    PubMed

    Ma, Xinxian; Zhang, Jinjin; Tang, Ning; Wu, Jincai

    2014-12-14

    A simple dual luminescent acylhydrazone-functionalized benzimidazole derivative (L) was blended with ethylene glycol affording a thermo-responsive green-light-emitting supramolecular gel (G-gel). This G-gel can convert to a blue-light-emitting gel (B-gel) by strongly increasing the luminescence of the benzimidazole moiety upon addition of one equivalent of Cd(2+).

  18. Tuning luminescence properties of silicon nanocrystals by lithium doping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klimešová, E.; Kůsová, K.; Vacík, J.; Holý, V.; Pelant, I.

    2012-09-01

    Doping silicon nanocrystals (SiNCs) provides a new way to modify their luminescence properties and tailor them for a particular application. We prepared Li-doped SiNCs and characterized them by neutron depth profiling and x-ray diffraction. Our SiNC samples are doped with around 10-100 Li atoms per one nanocrystal and their lattice slightly expands after lithium insertion. We show that the photoluminescence (PL) properties of Li-doped SiNCs are distinctly modified compared to the undoped case. The PL maximum shifts to shorter wavelengths and the PL decay time decreases, both these features being favorable for applications in photonics. The spectral blue-shift is attributed to the tensile strain in SiNCs induced by doping with lithium.

  19. Constraining Paleo-Glacier Dynamics Using Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) Bedrock Exposure Dating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brun, F.; Valla, P.; King, G. E.; Herman, F.

    2014-12-01

    Quantifying glacier dynamics over the late-Pleistocene remains an important challenge for understanding glacial response to climate change. Historical glacier reconstructions are spatially limited (e.g. the European Alps) and cover only the last ~100 yrs, restricting their use as paleoclimatic proxies. Bedrock dating methods such as Terrestrial Cosmogenic Nuclides (TCN) dating or lichenometry allows glacier fluctuations to be reconstructed over longer timescales. However, these methods have limited temporal resolution, and therefore do not enable accurate dating of recent glacier fluctuations (e.g. short glacier re-advances). Here, we use a novel in situ dating method based on Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) to fill this temporal/spatial gap. OSL dating is based on the time-accumulation of trapped electrons in the lattice defects of minerals. OSL-exposure dating is based on the bleaching (i.e. resetting) of the minerals' luminescence signal when they are exposed to light (Sohbati et al., 2012 JGR-Solid Earth), which depends on exposure time, effective photon flux and light attenuation by minerals. We analyzed 10 samples in the Val d'Hérens (Swiss Alps) where post-LGM glacier dynamics remain poorly constrained and short glacier re-advances are thought to occur during the Holocene. Bedrock samples were drilled and small cores were sliced into 1-mm thick discs from which natural luminescence profiles were measured. We calibrated the luminescence model parameters using historically-exposed bedrock samples (~100 yr) near the Mont-Miné glacier, and used this on-site calibration to date surface exposure of glacial bedrock at various elevations along the valley; initial relative dating results are promising. Although OSL-exposure dating appears an efficient tool for historical glacier reconstructions, OSL bleaching over longer timescales (i.e. late-Pleistocene to Holocene) requires more investigation before use as a chronometer.

  20. Synthesis and luminescence properties of KSrPO4:Eu2+ phosphor for radiation dosimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palan, C. B.; Bajaj, N. S.; Omanwar, S. K.

    2016-05-01

    The KSrPO4:Eu phosphor was synthesized via solid state method. The structural and morphological characterizations were done through XRD (X-ray diffraction) and SEM (Scanning Electronic Microscope). Additionally, the photoluminescence (PL), thermoluminescence (TL) and optically Stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of powder KSrPO4:Eu were studied. The PL spectra show blue emission under near UV excitation. It was advocated that KSrPO4:Eu phosphor not only show OSL sensitivity (0.47 times) but also gives faster decay in OSL signals than that of Al2O3:C (BARC) phosphor. The TL glow curve consist of two shoulder peaks and the kinetics parameters such as activation energy and frequency factors were determined by using peak shape method and also photoionization cross-sections of prepared phosphor was calculated. The radiation dosimetry properties such as minimum detectable dose (MDD), dose response and reusability were reported.

  1. Synthesis and luminescence properties of lanthanide complexes with a new tripodal ligands featuring salicylamide arms.

    PubMed

    Song, Xue-Qin; Dong, Wen-Kui; Zhang, Yu-Jie; Liu, Wei-Sheng

    2010-01-01

    A series of luminescent lanthanide complexes with a new tripodal ligand featuring salicylamide arms, 2,2',2''-nitrilotris(2-furfurylaminoformylphenoxy)triethylamine (L), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and molar conductivity measurements. Photophysical properties of the complexes were studied by means of UV-vis absorption and steady-state luminescence spectroscopy. Excited-state luminescence lifetimes and quantum yield of the complexes were determined. Luminescence studies demonstrated that the tripodal ligand featuring salicylamide arms exhibits a good antennae effect with respect to the Tb(III) and Dy(III) ion due to efficient intersystem crossing and ligand to metal energy transfer. From a more general perspective, this work offers interesting perspectives for the development of efficient luminescent stains and enlarges the arsenal for developing novel luminescent lanthanide complexes of salicylamide derivatives. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  2. Effect of irradiation and thermal annealing on quartz materials luminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korovkin, M. V.; Ananyeva, L. G.

    2017-01-01

    X-ray and gamma-quanta irradiation of radiation-resistant quartz materials including natural and synthetic quartz crystals and high-purity quartzite causes the luminescence in the ultraviolet range (365 nm), thermally stimulated luminescence and radiofrequency electromagnetic emission. Preliminary radiation and thermal annealing improves luminescence properties of quartz materials.

  3. Synthesis, crystal structures and luminescence properties of two metal carboxyphosphonates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Chaonan; Feng, Pingjing; Li, Jintang; Luo, Xuetao

    2017-05-01

    Two metal carboxyphosphonates, [Co2(OOCC5H3NPO3)2·(H2O)3] (Compound1) and Zn3[OOCC6H3CH(OH)PO3]2·2H2O (Compound2) were successfully synthesized under the hydrothermal reactions. In compound 1, two {Co1-NO5} octahedra link the {CPO3} by sharing the corner, which link the two {Co2-O6} octahedra. From a-axis the six clusters form the layer. Each layer is linked through hydrogen bond. In compound 2, the {Zn-O4} tetrahedron and {CPO3} tetrahedron are corner-shared, which arrange in line. From a-axis, each line forms the columnar. The thermal and luminescence properties of these compounds were investigated.

  4. Luminescence properties of Si-containing porous matrix–PbS nanoparticle systems

    SciTech Connect

    Tarasov, S. A. Aleksandrova, O. A.; Lamkin, I. A.; Maksimov, A. I.; Maraeva, E. V.; Mikhailov, I. I.; Moshnikov, V. A.; Musikhin, S. F.; Nalimova, S. S.; Permyakov, N. V.; Spivak, Yu. M.; Travkin, P. G.

    2015-12-15

    The luminescence properties of systems that contain lead-sulfide nanoparticles deposited onto substrates fabricated from porous silicon, oxidized porous silicon, and porous (tin-oxide)–(silicon-oxide) layers are studied. It is shown that the structure and composition of the matrix induce a strong effect on the luminescence spectra of colloidal quantum dots, defining their emission wavelength.

  5. Spectral and luminescent properties of forsterite single crystals heavily doped with chromium: II. Luminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Lebedev, V F; Tenyakov, S Yu; Dianov, Evgenii M; Gaister, A V; Zharikov, Evgeny V

    2003-03-31

    The polarised luminescence spectra of forsterite single crystals grown from a melt containing from 0.015 to 0.97 wt% of chromium are studied. Most of the crystals were grown by the Czochralski method under standard oxidation conditions (1.4-2.4 vol% of oxygen). Some crystals were grown in the atmosphere with a higher content of oxygen ({approx}12 vol%) or in the neutral atmosphere (100% of Ar). The luminescence of Cr{sup 4+} ions excited to the {sup 3}T{sub 2} level at 980 nm and to the {sup 3}T{sub 1} level at 632.8 nm exhibited no quenching over the entire range of crystal doping. In crystals absorbing above 70% of laser energy, the self-absorption of luminescence of Cr{sup 4+} ions was observed. The reabsorption of luminescence of Cr{sup 3+}(2) ions located in sites of the forsterite crystal with the mirror symmetry occurs stronger because of a greater overlap of the luminescence band of Cr{sup 3+}(2) ions with the absorption bands of Cr{sup 4+} ions. The luminescence of Cr{sup 4+} ions is found to be polarised predominantly along the b axis for any polarisation of exciting radiation. The broadband luminescence of Cr{sup 3+}(2) ions is polarised predominantly along the c axis for all the crystals studied, irrespective of the polarisation of exciting radiation and the oxygen concentration in the crystal-growth atmosphere. The luminescence of Cr{sup 3+}(2) ions polarised along the c, b, and a axes has maxima at {approx}900, 860, and 850 nm, respectively. (active media)

  6. Photo- and thermally stimulated luminescence of polyminerals extracted from herbs and spices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cruz-Zaragoza, E.; Marcazzó, J.; Chernov, V.

    2012-08-01

    Ionizing radiation processing is a widely employed method for preservative treatment of foodstuffs. Usually it is possible to detect irradiated herbs and spices by resorting to luminescence techniques, in particular photo- and thermostimulated luminescence. For these techniques to be useful, it is necessary to characterize the response to radiation of each particular herb or spice. In this work, the thermoluminescence (TL) and photostimulated luminescence (PSL) properties of inorganic polymineral fractions extracted from commercial herbs and spices previously irradiated for disinfestation purposes have been analyzed. Samples of mint, cinnamon, chamomile, paprika, black pepper, coriander and Jamaica flower were irradiated from 50 to 400 Gy by using a beta source. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis has shown that the mineral fractions consist mainly of quartz and feldspars. The PSL and TL response as a function of the absorbed dose, and their fading at room temperature have been determined. The TL glow curves have been deconvolved in order to obtain characteristic kinetics parameters in each case. The results of this work show that PSL and TL are reliable techniques for detection and analysis of irradiated foodstuffs.

  7. A methodology for on-board CBCT imaging dose using optically stimulated luminescence detectors.

    PubMed

    Mail, Noor; Yusuf, Muhammad; Alothmany, Nazeeh; Kinsara, A Abdulrahman; Abdulkhaliq, Fahad; Ghamdi, Suliman M; Saoudi, Abdelhamid

    2016-09-08

    Cone-beam computed tomography CBCT systems are used in radiation therapy for patient alignment and positioning. The CBCT imaging procedure for patient setup adds substantial radiation dose to patient's normal tissue. This study pre-sents a complete procedure for the CBCT dosimetry using the InLight optically-stimulated-luminescence (OSL) nanoDots. We report five dose parameters: the mean slice dose (DMSD); the cone beam dose index (CBDIW); the mean volume dose (DMVD); point-dose profile, D(FOV); and the off-field Dose. In addition, CBCT skin doses for seven pelvic tumor patients are reported. CBCT-dose mea-surement was performed on a custom-made cylindrical acrylic body phantom (50cm length, 32cm diameter). We machined 25 circular disks (2 cm thick) with grooves and holes to hold OSL-nanoDots. OSLs that showed similar sensitivities were selected and calibrated against a Farmer-type ionization-chamber (0.6 CT) before being inserted into the grooves and holes. For the phantom scan, a standard CBCT-imaging protocol (pelvic sites: 125 kVp, 80 mA and 25 ms) was used. Five dose parameters were quantified: DMSD, CBDIW, DMVD, D(FOV), and the off-field dose. The DMSD for the central slice was 31.1 ± 0.85 mGy, and CBDIW was 34.5± 0.6 mGy at 16cm FOV. The DMVD was 25.6 ± 1.1 mGy. The off-field dose was 10.5 mGy. For patients, the anterior and lateral skin doses attributable to CBCT imaging were 39.04 ± 4.4 and 27.1 ± 1.3 mGy, respectively.OSL nanoDots were convenient to use in measuring CBCT dose. The method of selecting the nanoDots greatly reduced uncertainty in the OSL measurements. Our detailed calibration procedure and CBCT dose measurements and calculations could prove useful in developing OSL routines for CBCT quality assessment, which in turn gives them the property of high spatial resolution, meaning that they have the potential for measurement of dose in regions of severe dose-gradients.

  8. Commissioning optically stimulated luminescence in vivo dosimeters for fast neutron therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Young, Lori A. Sandison, George; Yang, Fei; Woodworth, Davis; McCormick, Zephyr

    2016-01-15

    Purpose: Clinical in vivo dosimeters intended for use with photon and electron therapies have not been utilized for fast neutron therapy because they are highly susceptible to neutron damage. The objective of this work was to determine if a commercial optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) in vivo dosimetry system could be adapted for use in fast neutron therapy. Methods: A 50.5 MeV fast neutron beam generated by a clinical neutron therapy cyclotron was used to irradiate carbon doped aluminum oxide (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C) optically simulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) in a solid water phantom under standard calibration conditions, 150 cm SAD, 1.7 cm depth, and 10.3 × 10.0 cm field size. OSLD fading and electron trap depletion studies were performed with the OSLDs irradiated with 20 and 50 cGy and monitored over a 24-h period to determine the optimal time for reading the dosimeters during calibration. Four OSLDs per group were calibrated over a clinical dose range of 0–150 cGy. Results: OSLD measurement uncertainties were lowered to within ±2%–3% of the expected dose by minimizing the effect of transient fading that occurs with neutron irradiation and maintaining individual calibration factors for each dosimeter. Dose dependent luminescence fading extended beyond the manufacturer’s recommended 10 min period for irradiation with photon or electron beams. To minimize OSL variances caused by inconsistent fading among dosimeters, the observed optimal time for reading the OSLDs postirradiation was between 30 and 90 min. No field size, wedge factor, or gantry angle dependencies were observed in the OSLDs irradiated by the studied fast neutron beam. Conclusions: Measurements demonstrated that uncertainties less than ±3% were attainable in OSLDs irradiated with fast neutrons under clinical conditions. Accuracy and precision comparable to clinical OSL measurements observed with photons can be achieved by maintaining individual OSLD calibration factors and

  9. Role of band potential roughness on the luminescence properties of InGaN quantum wells grown by MBE on bulk GaN substrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ž, A.

    Role of band potential roughness on luminescence decay time and stimulated emission in InGaN quantum wells (QWs) grown by rf plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on bulk GaN substrates was studied. A high-photoexcitation regime used ensured conditions similar to those in operating laser diodes. Standard deviation of the potential fluctuations in different thickness InGaN QWs was found to vary in the range of 13-22 meV as revealed by Monte Carlo simulation of localized exciton hopping. A negligible influence of this variation on the luminescence decay time (?700 ps) and stimulated emission threshold (?30 kW/cm2) was observed. We attribute this insensitivity to the low density of localized states (?1 × 1018 cm-3) estimated in our high-quality QWs grown by MBE, and therefore, assign extended states to be mainly responsible for the properties of highly-excited luminescence.

  10. Luminescence and stimulated emission in zinc oxide nanoparticles, films, and crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiong, G.; Wilkinson, J.; Lyles, J.; Ucer, K. B.; Williams, R. T.

    2003-01-01

    ZnO has attracted attention as a candidate material for ultraviolet light-emitting devices. Its 3.37-eV band gap is comparable to that of GaN, and single crystal substrates can be grown. Control of p-type conductivity in ZnO is under study in several laboratories including ours. We report streak camera measurements of time-resolved luminescence and stimulated emission excited in single crystal, film, and. particle samples under excitation by 300 fs laser pulses at temperatures from 17 K to 295 K. We also describe p-n junctions formed by control of oxygen pressure in reactive sputtering of ZnO films, and results of introducing nitrogen during reactive sputtering.

  11. Detection of irradiated spices using photo-stimulated luminescence technique (PSL)

    SciTech Connect

    Ramli, Ros Anita Ahmad; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi; Othman, Zainon; Abdullah, Wan Saffiey Wan

    2014-09-03

    Photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) technique was applied to detect irradiated black pepper (Piper nigrum), cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa) after dark storage for 1 day, 3 and 6 months. Using screening and calibrated PSL, all samples were correctly discriminated between non-irradiated and spices irradiated with doses 1, 5 and 10 kGy. The PSL photon counts (PCs) of irradiated spices increased with increasing dose, with turmeric showing highest sensitivity index to irradiation compared to black pepper and cinnamon. The differences in response are possibly attributed to the varying quantity and quality of silicate minerals present in each spice sample. PSL signals of all irradiated samples reduced after 3 and 6 months storage. The results of this study provide a useful database on the applicability of PSL technique for the detection of Malaysian irradiated spices.

  12. Detection of irradiated spices using photo-stimulated luminescence technique (PSL)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramli, Ros Anita Ahmad; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi; Othman, Zainon; Abdullah, Wan Saffiey Wan

    2014-09-01

    Photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) technique was applied to detect irradiated black pepper (Piper nigrum), cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) and turmeric (Curcuma longa) after dark storage for 1 day, 3 and 6 months. Using screening and calibrated PSL, all samples were correctly discriminated between non-irradiated and spices irradiated with doses 1, 5 and 10 kGy. The PSL photon counts (PCs) of irradiated spices increased with increasing dose, with turmeric showing highest sensitivity index to irradiation compared to black pepper and cinnamon. The differences in response are possibly attributed to the varying quantity and quality of silicate minerals present in each spice sample. PSL signals of all irradiated samples reduced after 3 and 6 months storage. The results of this study provide a useful database on the applicability of PSL technique for the detection of Malaysian irradiated spices.

  13. Independent evaluation of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 'dot' dosemeters for environmental monitoring.

    PubMed

    Timilsina, Bindu; Gesell, Thomas F

    2011-01-01

    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) 'dot' dosemeters (manufactured by Landauer®) are reported to have a high degree of environmental stability, high level of sensitivity and provide wide range of dose measuring capabilities from 0.05 mGy to 100 Gy. The optical read out method is fast and relatively simple and permits repeated read out, but few studies have been performed about its application in monitoring radiation in the environment. This study was initiated to independently test the performance of OSL dot dosemeters for the application of measuring doses of radiation in the outdoor environment. Testing was performed in the laboratory to evaluate reproducibility and stability and in the field to evaluate accuracy relative to calibrated high-pressure ionisation chambers. The results showed that OSL dot dosemeters had good reproducibility and stability in both laboratory and field tests and met the performance requirements of standards of the American National Standards Institute.

  14. Optically and thermally stimulated luminescence of KMgF3:Ce3 and NaMgF3:Ce3+.

    PubMed

    Le Masson, N J M; Bos, A J J; Van Eijk, C W E; Furetta, C; Chaminade, J P

    2002-01-01

    The potentialities of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) for personal dosimetry of ionising radiation have stimulated the search for new synthetic materials with good dosimetric properties. The sensitivity of two new OSL materials KMgF3 and NaMgF3 doped with Ce3+ ions has been evaluated and found to be of the same order of magnitude as that of Al2O3:C. Several other characteristics have also been investigated. Promising results for KMgF3:Ce are the high sensitivity and the low fading. However, this material suffers from a high self-dose due to the presence of 40K. NaMgF5:Ce is sensitive as well but shows strong fading. Interesting information on the mechanism has been obtained by correlating the signals of OSL and TL. Furthermore, the different bleachabilities under blue LED illumination of the strongly overlapping glow peaks allowed the extraction of one single peak for KMgF3:Ce3+. The results demonstrate new possibilities offered by the combination of TL and OSL.

  15. Crystal structures and optical properties of new quaternary strontium europium aluminate luminescent nanoribbons

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Xufan; Budai, John D.; Liu, Feng; Chen, Yu-Sheng; Howe, Jane Y.; Sun, Chengjun; Tischler, Jonathan Zachary; Meltzer, Richard; Pan, Zhengwei

    2014-11-12

    We report the synthesis and characterizations of three series of quaternary strontium europium aluminate (Sr-Eu-Al-O; SEAO) luminescent nanoribbons that show blue, green, and yellow luminescence from localized Eu2+ luminescent centers. These three series of SEAO nanoribbons are: blue luminescent, tetragonal Sr1-xEuxAl6O10 (0luminescent, monoclinic Sr1-xEuxAl2O4 (0luminescent, hexagonal Sr1-xEuxAl2O4 (0luminescence properties were investigated. These one-dimensional SEAO luminescent nanoribbons can function as both light generators and waveguides, and thus have promising potential as the building blocks in miniaturized photonic circuitry.

  16. Luminescence, electron paramagnetic resonance, and optical properties of lunar material.

    PubMed

    Geake, J E; Dollfus, A; Garlick, G F; Lamb, W; Walker, C; Steigmann, G A; Titulaer, C

    1970-01-30

    Dust samples have been found to luminesce weakly under proton excitation, but not under ultraviolet. Damage, recovery, and heating effects have been investigated. Chips of breccia show luminescence, from white inclusions only, under ultraviolet and protons. Some rock chips show general luminescence, mainly from plagioclase. No natural or excited thermoluminescence has been found for dust or chips. The electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum shows the same broad Fe(3+) dipole resonance for dust and for some chips; other chips show no response. The polarization characteristics of dust are found to be identical to those of the Sea of Tranquillity, independently of proton damage. Chips show characteristics unlike any part of the lunar surface.

  17. Investigation of spectroscopic properties, structure and luminescence spectra of Sm3+ doped zinc bismuth silicate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pal, I.; Agarwal, A.; Sanghi, S.; Aggarwal, M. P.

    2013-01-01

    The glasses with compositions 20ZnO·(79.5 - x)Bi2O3·xSiO2·0.5Sm2O3 (10 ⩽ x ⩽ 50, mol%) have been synthesized using normal melt-quench technique. Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of the glasses were recorded at ambient temperature. Judd-Ofelt (J-O) theory has been successfully applied to characterize the absorption and luminescence spectra of these glasses. From the measured intensities of absorption bands of these glasses, the Judd-Ofelt parameters, Ωλ (λ = 2, 4, 6) have been evaluated. The variation of Ω2 with Bi2O3 content has been attributed to changes in the asymmetry of the ligand field at the rare earth (RE) ion site (due to structural change) and to changes in RE-O covalency, whereas the variation of Ω6 is found to be strongly dependent on nephlauxetic effect. The shift of the hypersensitive band shows that the covalency of the RE-O decreases with decrease in Bi2O3 content in the host glass. Also, using J-O theory various radiative properties like spontaneous emission probability (Arad), radiative life time (τr), fluorescence branching ratio (βr) and stimulated emission cross-section (σ) for various emission bands of these glasses in the visible spectral region have been determined. A close correlation is observed between the Bi2O3 content and the spectroscopic, radiative and structural properties of the prepared glasses. The values of radiative properties indicated that 4G5/2 → 6H7/2 and 4G5/2 → 6H9/2 transitions responsible for orange luminescence might be used in the development of materials for LED's and other optical devices in the visible region.

  18. Nature of heteroatom and luminescence properties of pyrilocyanine dyes

    SciTech Connect

    Ishchenko, A.A.

    1994-11-01

    Effect of the heteroatom nature on the luminescence properties of tetraphenyl-substituted pyrilo-2- and pyrilo-4-cyanines and their sulfur-, selen-, and nitrogen-containing analogs is studied. The substitution of S and Se atoms and the NMe group for oxygen atoms in isomeric pyrilocyanines results in a considerable increase in the Stokes shift. Based on the quantum-mechanical calculation of bond orders in the ground and the excited states of the dyes studied, this increase is explained by the decrease in the angle between phenyl groups and the chromophore plane upon excitation. Formulas are obtained relating the width, asymmetry, and excess of vibronic bands to the frequency and shape of the chromophore vibrations responsible for the long-wavelength {pi}-{pi}* transition. It is shown, using these relations, that the change in the absorption and fluorescence band shapes upon going from pyrilo- to thiopyrilo- and pyridocyanines is mainly caused by vibronic coupling, and to selenopyrilocyanines, by the heavy atom effect. 15 refs., 3 tabs.

  19. Laser properties of luminescent conducting polymers in open resonators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eradat Oskouei, Nayer; Gellermann, Werner; Shkunov, Maxim N.; Frolov, Sergey V.; Osaki, M.; Yoshino, Katsumi; Vardeny, Z. Valy

    1997-12-01

    We have investigated the lasing properties of several luminescent conducting polymers, i.e. DOO-PPV and the bi- substituted polyacetylenes PDPA-nBu, and PHxPA, dissolved in various polar and non-polar solvents. PPV polymers emit with high quantum efficiencies in broad emission bands cantered in the orange/red region of the spectrum, depending on the solvent, and the PDPA polymers emit in the blue/green region. Our tested laser resonators include polymer solutions excited with 100 ps pulses from a regeneratively amplified mode-locked Nd:YAG laser. We obtain pulsed, low-threshold laser operation with repetition rate of up to 1 kHz. Resulting mainly from recent reported originally in the literature. The dependencies of threshold pump energy and output versus input power characteristics on material parameters are investigated for a fixed optical gain length. The results are compared with the standard Rhodamine 590 organic dye system used in the same wavelength regions. We have observed that the well know phenomenon of 'concentration quenching' in dye molecules does not happen in polymers. Spectral narrowing in PDPA-nBu solution, emitting near 500 nm, is also obtained for the first time.

  20. Luminescence properties of Er3+-doped phosphate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hraiech, S.; Bouzidi, C.; Férid, M.

    2017-10-01

    Erbium doped phosphate glasses with composition P2O5 - Na2O - B2O3 -x Er2O3 were obtained using melt-quench method. The spectroscopic properties were analyzed using optical absorption and fluorescence spectra. Based on the absorption spectra and Judd-Ofelt theory, the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters, Ω2, Ω4, and Ω6 were determined and then used to calculate the total spontaneous transition probability (Atot), radiative life time (τr) and the branching ratio (β), for various excited luminescent states. The spectroscopic quality factor Ω4/Ω6 has been calculated for the present Er3+ doped phosphate glasses (1.53, 1.69 and 1.02) and is found to be in the same order than the reported Er3+ glasses, that makes our glasses are suitable for various photonic applications. Optical band gap energy (Eopt) values through direct and indirect allowed transitions of the prepared Er3+ glasses have also been determined and compared with similar studies.

  1. SU-E-T-264: Preliminary Results On New Optically Stimulated Luminescent Materials for Proton Therapy Dosimetry

    SciTech Connect

    Doull, B; Zheng, Y; Yukihara, E

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The objective of this work is to test the premise that luminescence materials with less under-response to proton beams can be identified by testing their dose response to low-LET radiation. The goal is to develop new Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) materials with improved response for proton therapy dosimetry. Methods: We first measured the dose response of new OSL materials, synthesized in our laboratory, to low-LET radiation (beta rays from a {sup 90}Sr/{sup 90}Y source) and selected two materials having different OSL saturation characteristics and good dosimetric properties, namely MgB4O7:Ce,Li and MgO:Li. Commercial Al2O3:C was also used for comparison. These materials were then irradiated at several depths along a pristine proton beam. The luminescence responses of the materials, relative to the entrance response, were compared with the depth dose profile measured by a multiple-layer ion chamber. Results: The OSL signals of MgB4O7:Ce,Li and MgO:Li were characterized for signal stability, dose response, and response to a clinical proton beam. The materials were also compared with the commercial Al2O3:C. The signals from both MgB4O7:Ce,Li and MgO:Li were relatively stable after a one day delay following irradiation. The low-LET dose response of the materials showed that, over the dose range investigated (up to ∼800 Gy), MgB4O7:Ce,Li did not saturate, whereas MgO:Li and Al2O3:C saturated at doses of ∼100 Gy. MgB4O7:Ce,Li showed less underresponse to proton beams than MgO:Li and Al2O3:C. Conclusion: In general the material with the highest saturation doses for low-LET radiation (MgB4O7:Ce,Li) showed the least under-response to proton beams, which suggests that it may be possible to develop better OSL materials for proton dosimetry if the dose response can be controlled during synthesis. Nevertheless, the degree in which the response to proton beams can be controlled remains to be determined. The research is funded by the Oklahoma Center for

  2. Modification by dantrolene, procaine and suxamethonium of caffeine-induced changes in aequorin luminescence transients and twitch tensions of directly-stimulated diaphragm muscle of mouse.

    PubMed Central

    Kimura, I.; Kimura, M.; Kimura, M.

    1985-01-01

    A convenient method is described for measuring simultaneously Ca2+-related aequorin luminescence and twitch tension in the isolated diaphragm muscle of the mouse. Forty to fifty fibres were injected intracellularly with aequorin solution and the mechanical and luminescence responses to direct stimulation were recorded. The replacement of Na+ by K+ (to obtain 59 or 143.4 mM K+) in the nutrient solution decreased both aequorin luminescence and twitch tensions, but after a time lag, it produced a contracture. Caffeine (5 or 10 mM) increased both aequorin luminescence and twitch tensions, and after a time lag, it also produced a contracture. Dantrolene (1 and 30 microM) and procaine (10 microM, 300 microM and 1 mM) decreased aequorin luminescence transients and twitch tension. In addition procaine inhibited the caffeine-induced increase of aequorin luminescence, but dantrolene did not have this effect. At concentrations causing neuromuscular block, suxamethonium (130 microM) decreased aequorin luminescence transients and twitch tension. By contrast, (+)-tubocurarine (6.5 microM) did not affect the aequorin luminescence in directly stimulated muscles. These results suggest that Ca+-related aequorin luminescence transients accompanied by twitch tensions reflect the intracellular fast mobilization of compartmentalized Ca2+ from plasma membrane or sarcoplasmic reticulum, and that the increase in resting luminescence caused by a K+- or caffeine-induced contracture may be produced by the slow mobilization of Ca2+ from sarcoplasmic reticulum. PMID:4052732

  3. Environmental and synthesis-dependent luminescence properties of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Duque, Juan G; Pasquali, Matteo; Cognet, Laurent; Lounis, Brahim

    2009-08-25

    Luminescence properties of individual (6,5) single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were studied using continuous wave and time-resolved spectroscopy. Nanotubes synthesized by different methods (HiPco and CoMoCat) and dispersed in two different ionic surfactants were examined either in aqueous environments or deposited on surfaces. SWNT preparations leading to the highest luminescence intensities and narrowest spectral widths exhibit the longest luminescence decay times. This highlights the role of the nanotube environment and synthesis methods in the nonradiative relaxation processes of the excitonic recombination. Samples of HiPco nanotubes dispersed in sodium deoxycholate contained the brightest nanotubes in aqueous environments.

  4. WE-E-18A-04: Precision In-Vivo Dosimetry Using Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeters and a Pulsed-Stimulating Dose Reader

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Q; Herrick, A; Hoke, S; Burns, J

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: A new readout technology based on pulsed optically stimulating luminescence is introduced (microSTARii, Landauer, Inc, Glenwood, IL60425). This investigation searches for approaches that maximizes the dosimetry accuracy in clinical applications. Methods: The sensitivity of each optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter (OSLD) was initially characterized by exposing it to a given radiation beam. After readout, the luminescence signal stored in the OSLD was erased by exposing its sensing area to a 21W white LED light for 24 hours. A set of OSLDs with consistent sensitivities was selected to calibrate the dose reader. Higher order nonlinear curves were also derived from the calibration readings. OSLDs with cumulative doses below 15 Gy were reused. Before an in-vivo dosimetry, the OSLD luminescence signal was erased with the white LED light. Results: For a set of 68 manufacturer-screened OSLDs, the measured sensitivities vary in a range of 17.3%. A sub-set of the OSLDs with sensitivities within ±1% was selected for the reader calibration. Three OSLDs in a group were exposed to a given radiation. Nine groups were exposed to radiation doses ranging from 0 to 13 Gy. Additional verifications demonstrated that the reader uncertainty is about 3%. With an external calibration function derived by fitting the OSLD readings to a 3rd-order polynomial, the dosimetry uncertainty dropped to 0.5%. The dose-luminescence response curves of individual OSLDs were characterized. All curves converge within 1% after the sensitivity correction. With all uncertainties considered, the systematic uncertainty is about 2%. Additional tests emulating in-vivo dosimetry by exposing the OSLDs under different radiation sources confirmed the claim. Conclusion: The sensitivity of individual OSLD should be characterized initially. A 3rd-order polynomial function is a more accurate representation of the dose-luminescence response curve. The dosimetry uncertainty specified by the manufacturer

  5. Feldspar Infrared Stimulated Luminescence (IRSL) Thermochronology in the Eastern Pamir, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, J.; Qin, J.; Valla, P.; Yang, H.; Herman, F.; Huang, M.; Li, W.

    2013-12-01

    Using luminescence (Herman et al., 2010; Tsuchiya and Fujino, 2000) or ESR (Electron Spin Resonance, Grün et al., 1999) dating on quartz has shown great potential to quantify rock cooling histories and especially late-stage exhumation rates due to their relatively low closure temperatures. However, bedrock quartz often presents complications for OSL dating with dim signals or medium-slow components. Here, we explore the potential of feldspar infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) dating to provide multiple-thermochronometers within a single mineral. The Kongur Shan is located in northeastern Pamir, at the western end of the Himalayan-Tibetan orogenic belt, and presents exhumation rates of ~5 mm/a since 7-8 Ma (Robinson et al., 2010). Bedrock samples (granite, gneiss and schist) were collected from an elevation transect across the Kongur Shan normal fault (northern flank of the Kongur Shan massif) and along the east-flowing Ghez river. We investigated both IRSL-50°C, post-IR IRSL290°C, as well as for subset of samples Multi-elevated-temperature post-IR IRSL (METpIRIR, Li and Li, 2011) signals. Recycling ratios and dose recovery tests show that the IRSL-50°C and pIRIR-290°C protocols are applicable to bedrock samples. Significant fading corrections are needed for the apparent doses derived from the IRSL signal at 50°C, whereas fading rates for the post-IR IRSL signals are significantly smaller. Our results show that both IRSL-50°C and pIRIR-290°C signals are deviating from field saturation for footwall samples, with a progressive trend to younger apparent ages as getting closer to the fault; whereas samples from the hanging wall or far from the fault zone and at high elevation all appear to be in field saturation. This demonstrates the potential of luminescence thermochronometry, and especially of feldspar IRSL dating, in quantifying late Quaternary exhumation rates in active tectonic areas.

  6. Experimental setup for camera-based measurements of electrically and optically stimulated luminescence of silicon solar cells and wafers.

    PubMed

    Hinken, David; Schinke, Carsten; Herlufsen, Sandra; Schmidt, Arne; Bothe, Karsten; Brendel, Rolf

    2011-03-01

    We report in detail on the luminescence imaging setup developed within the last years in our laboratory. In this setup, the luminescence emission of silicon solar cells or silicon wafers is analyzed quantitatively. Charge carriers are excited electrically (electroluminescence) using a power supply for carrier injection or optically (photoluminescence) using a laser as illumination source. The luminescence emission arising from the radiative recombination of the stimulated charge carriers is measured spatially resolved using a camera. We give details of the various components including cameras, optical filters for electro- and photo-luminescence, the semiconductor laser and the four-quadrant power supply. We compare a silicon charged-coupled device (CCD) camera with a back-illuminated silicon CCD camera comprising an electron multiplier gain and a complementary metal oxide semiconductor indium gallium arsenide camera. For the detection of the luminescence emission of silicon we analyze the dominant noise sources along with the signal-to-noise ratio of all three cameras at different operation conditions.

  7. Detecting Stratigraphic Disturbance Using Normalized Luminescence Signals from a Portable Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) Reader: Improvements to Site Characterization in Holocene Eolian Deposits on the Canadian Great Plains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Munyikwa, K.; Gilliland, K.; Gibson, T.

    2016-12-01

    Portable optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) readers enable OSL signals to be acquired rapidly from untreated clastic sediments that contain feldspar or quartz. The signals reflect energy stored in mineral grains from environmental radiation. When OSL signals are plotted against depth, luminescence profiles are produced. We have previously demonstrated the use of portable OSL readers to construct luminescence profiles for the purposes of identifying strata that have experienced post-depositional disruption. In that study, our working hypothesis was that stratigraphic sequences that are intact feature OSL signals that increase with depth, commensurate with age. Conversely, disrupted sequences display fluctuating signals. The results confirmed our hypothesis but all data in that study displayed a high degree of scatter. We think that this scatter arose from a range of other variables, apart from age, that also influence OSL signals. These variables include luminescence sensitivity, mineralogy and size of the sample aliquot. In this study, we introduce an additional step whereby the OSL signals from the portable reader are normalized prior to analysis in order to remove the effects of those inter-aliquot variations. The study location is an archaeological site that lies next to an oilfield plant on a fossil dune landscape in east-central Alberta, Canada. Due to ongoing maintenance work at the site, associated heritage resource management efforts require a distinction to be made between depositional sequences that are intact from those that have been disturbed. The portable OSL reader was incorporated into the study for that purpose. Four excavations with depths of up to 120 cm were made and samples collected at 5 cm intervals. Using the portable reader, IRSL and blue OSL stimulation were then used on feldspar and quartz, respectively to analyze the samples. Acquired signals were normalized afterwards by giving each sample aliquot a small fixed laboratory

  8. Spectroscopic studies on the lanthanide sensitized luminescence and chemiluminescence properties of fluoroquinolone with different structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Chunyan; Ping, Hong; Zhang, Minwei; Li, Hongkun; Guan, Fengrui

    2011-11-01

    Lanthanide sensitized luminescence and chemiluminescence (CL) are of great importance because of the unique spectral properties, such as long lifetime, large Stokes shifts, and narrow emission bands characteristic to lanthanide ions (Ln 3+). With the fluoroquinolone (FQ) compounds including enoxacin (ENX), norfloxacin (NFLX), lomefloxacin (LMFX), fleroxacin (FLRX), ofloxacin (OFLX), rufloxacin (RFX), gatifloxacin (GFLX) and sparfloxacin (SPFX), the luminescence and CL properties of Tb 3+-FQ and Eu 3+-FQ complexes have been investigated in this contribution. Ce 4+-SO 32- in acidic conditions was taken as the CL system and sensitized CL intensities of Tb 3+-FQ and Eu 3+-FQ complexes were determined by flow-injection analysis. The luminescence and CL spectra of Tb 3+-FQ complexes show characteristic peaks of Tb 3+ at 490 nm, 545 nm, 585 nm and 620 nm. Complexes of Tb 3+-ENX, Tb 3+-NFLX, Tb 3+-LMFX and Tb 3+-FLRX display relatively strong emission intensity compared with Tb 3+-OFLX, Tb 3+-RFX, Tb 3+-GFLX and Tb 3+-SPFX. Quite weak peaks with unique characters of Eu 3+ at 590 nm and 617 nm appear in the luminescence and CL spectra of Eu 3+-ENX, but no notable sensitized luminescence and CL of Eu 3+ could be observed when Eu 3+ is added into other FQ. The distinct differences on emission intensity of Tb 3+-FQ and Eu 3+-FQ might originate from the different energy gap between the triplet levels of FQ and the excited levels of the Ln 3+. The different sensitized luminescence and CL signals among Tb 3+-FQ complexes could be attributed to different optical properties and substituents of these FQ compounds. The detailed mechanism involved in the luminescence and CL properties of Tb 3+-FQ and Eu 3+-FQ complexes has been investigated by analyzing the luminescence and CL spectra, quantum yields, and theoretical calculation results.

  9. Spectroscopic studies on the lanthanide sensitized luminescence and chemiluminescence properties of fluoroquinolone with different structure.

    PubMed

    Sun, Chunyan; Ping, Hong; Zhang, Minwei; Li, Hongkun; Guan, Fengrui

    2011-11-01

    Lanthanide sensitized luminescence and chemiluminescence (CL) are of great importance because of the unique spectral properties, such as long lifetime, large Stokes shifts, and narrow emission bands characteristic to lanthanide ions (Ln(3+)). With the fluoroquinolone (FQ) compounds including enoxacin (ENX), norfloxacin (NFLX), lomefloxacin (LMFX), fleroxacin (FLRX), ofloxacin (OFLX), rufloxacin (RFX), gatifloxacin (GFLX) and sparfloxacin (SPFX), the luminescence and CL properties of Tb(3+)-FQ and Eu(3+)-FQ complexes have been investigated in this contribution. Ce(4+)-SO(3)(2-) in acidic conditions was taken as the CL system and sensitized CL intensities of Tb(3+)-FQ and Eu(3+)-FQ complexes were determined by flow-injection analysis. The luminescence and CL spectra of Tb(3+)-FQ complexes show characteristic peaks of Tb(3+) at 490 nm, 545 nm, 585 nm and 620 nm. Complexes of Tb(3+)-ENX, Tb(3+)-NFLX, Tb(3+)-LMFX and Tb(3+)-FLRX display relatively strong emission intensity compared with Tb(3+)-OFLX, Tb(3+)-RFX, Tb(3+)-GFLX and Tb(3+)-SPFX. Quite weak peaks with unique characters of Eu(3+) at 590 nm and 617 nm appear in the luminescence and CL spectra of Eu(3+)-ENX, but no notable sensitized luminescence and CL of Eu(3+) could be observed when Eu(3+) is added into other FQ. The distinct differences on emission intensity of Tb(3+)-FQ and Eu(3+)-FQ might originate from the different energy gap between the triplet levels of FQ and the excited levels of the Ln(3+). The different sensitized luminescence and CL signals among Tb(3+)-FQ complexes could be attributed to different optical properties and substituents of these FQ compounds. The detailed mechanism involved in the luminescence and CL properties of Tb(3+)-FQ and Eu(3+)-FQ complexes has been investigated by analyzing the luminescence and CL spectra, quantum yields, and theoretical calculation results.

  10. Ce(3+)-Doped garnet phosphors: composition modification, luminescence properties and applications.

    PubMed

    Xia, Zhiguo; Meijerink, Andries

    2017-01-03

    Garnets have the general formula of A3B2C3O12 and form a wide range of inorganic compounds, occurring both naturally (gemstones) and synthetically. Their physical and chemical properties are closely related to the structure and composition. In particular, Ce(3+)-doped garnet phosphors have a long history and are widely applied, ranging from flying spot cameras, lasers and phosphors in fluorescent tubes to more recent applications in white light LEDs, as afterglow materials and scintillators for medical imaging. Garnet phosphors are unique in their tunability of the luminescence properties through variations in the {A}, [B] and (C) cation sublattice. The flexibility in phosphor composition and the tunable luminescence properties rely on design and synthesis strategies for new garnet compositions with tailor-made luminescence properties. It is the aim of this review to discuss the variation in luminescence properties of Ce(3+)-doped garnet materials in relation to the applications. This review will provide insight into the relation between crystal chemistry and luminescence for the important class of Ce(3+)-doped garnet phosphors. It will summarize previous research on the structural design and optical properties of garnet phosphors and also discuss future research opportunities in this field.

  11. Investigation of neutron converters for production of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) neutron dosimeters using Al 2O 3:C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mittani, J. C. R.; da Silva, A. A. R.; Vanhavere, F.; Akselrod, M. S.; Yukihara, E. G.

    2007-07-01

    This paper presents the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of neutron dosimeters in powder and in the form of pellets prepared with a mixture of Al 2O 3:C and neutron converters. The neutron converters investigated were high density polyethylene (HDPE), lithium fluoride (LiF), lithium fluoride 95% enriched with 6Li ( 6LiF), lithium carbonate 95% enriched with 6Li ( 6Li 2CO 3), boric acid enriched with 99% of 10B (H310BO) and gadolinium oxide (Gd 2O 3). The proportion of Al 2O 3:C and neutron converter in the mixture was varied to optimize the total OSL signal and neutron sensitivity. The neutron sensitivity and dose-response were determined for the OSL dosimeters using a bare 252Cf source and compared to the response of Harshaw TLD-600 and TLD-700 dosimeters ( 6LiF:Mg,Ti and 7LiF:Mg,Ti). The results demonstrate the possibility of developing an OSL dosimeter made of Al 2O 3:C powder and neutron converter with a neutron sensitivity (defined as the ratio between the 60Co equivalent gamma dose and the reference neutron absorbed dose) and neutron-gamma discrimination comparable to the TLD-600/TLD-700 combination. It was shown that the shape of the OSL decay curves varied with the type of the neutron converter, demonstrating the influence of the energy deposition mechanism and ionization density on the OSL process in Al 2O 3:C.

  12. Electronic structure and luminescence properties of Ca2Ge7O16:Dy3+

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leonidov, I. I.; Ishchenko, A. V.; Konstantinova, E. I.; Petrov, V. P.; Chernyshev, V. A.; Nikiforov, A. E.

    2016-12-01

    The present report represents an overview of the results of a combined experimental-computational study of electronic structure, thermoluminescence (TL) and afterglow properties of Ca2Ge7O16:Dy3+ synthesized for the first time. Afterglow curves of Ca2Ge7O16:Dy3+ at 575 nm showing persistent luminescence have been described in Becquerel law. The TL measurements reveal at least one TL band at 326 K and two luminescence bands at 475 and 535 nm. Persistent luminescence in Ca2Ge7O16:Dy3+ originates from relatively shallow charge traps with high probability of charge carriers recapture. The model of energy processes, configurations of traps and luminescence centers has been proposed with the aid of ab initio calculations performed using the LCAO approximation and several hybrid functionals.

  13. Synthesis and luminescence properties of 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl derivatives and their europium complexes.

    PubMed

    Guo, Dongcai; He, Wei; Liu, Bang; Gou, Lining; Li, Ruixia

    2013-01-01

    Six novel 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl derivatives were synthesized and characterized by (1) H-NMR, mass spectrometry, infrared spectra and elemental analysis. Their europium complexes were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, EDTA titrimetric analysis, IR and UV spectra as well as molar conductivity measurements. The luminescence properties of these complexes were investigated and results show that 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl derivatives possess high selectivity and good coordination with the europium ion. Complex Eu-2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl-2-phenylacetate showed green luminescence that was emitted by the ligand of 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)phenyl-2-phenylacetate, while other complexes showed the characteristic red luminescence of europium ion and also possessed high luminescence intensity. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  14. The effect of thermal oxidation on the luminescence properties of nanostructured silicon.

    PubMed

    Liu, Lijia; Sham, Tsun-Kong

    2012-08-06

    Herein is reported a detailed study of the luminescence properties of nanostructured Si using X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) in combination with X-ray absorption near-edge structures (XANES). P-type Si nanowires synthesized via electroless chemical etching from Si wafers of different doping levels and porous Si synthesized using electrochemical method are examined under X-ray excitation across the Si K-, L(3,2) -, and O K-edges. It is found that while as-prepared Si nanostructures are weak light emitters, intense visible luminescence is observed from thermally oxidized Si nanowires and porous Si. The luminescence mechanism of Si upon oxidation is investigated by oxidizing nanostructured Si at different temperatures. Interestingly, the two luminescence bands observed show different response with the variation of absorption coefficient upon Si and O core-electron excitation in elemental silicon and silicon oxide. A correlation between luminescence properties and electronic structures is thus established. The implications of the finding are discussed in terms of the behavior of the oxygen deficient center (OCD) and non-bridging oxygen hole center (NBOHC).

  15. Characterization of optically stimulated luminescence dosemeters to measure organ doses in diagnostic radiology

    PubMed Central

    Endo, A; Katoh, T; Kobayashi, I; Joshi, R; Sur, J; Okano, T

    2012-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of an optically stimulated luminescence dosemeter (OSLD) for use in diagnostic radiology and to apply the OSLD in measuring the organ doses by panoramic radiography. Methods The dose linearity, energy dependency and angular dependency of aluminium oxide-based OSLDs were examined using an X-ray generator to simulate various exposure settings in diagnostic radiology. The organ doses were then measured by inserting the dosemeters into an anthropomorphic phantom while using three panoramic machines. Results The dosemeters demonstrated consistent dose linearity (coefficient of variation<1.5%) and no significant energy dependency (coefficient of variation<1.5%) under the applied exposure conditions. They also exhibited negligible angular dependency (≤10%). The organ doses of the X-ray as a result of panoramic imaging by three machines were calculated using the dosemeters. Conclusion OSLDs can be utilized to measure the organ doses in diagnostic radiology. The availability of these dosemeters in strip form proves to be reliably advantageous. PMID:22116136

  16. Studies on new neutron-sensitive dosimeters using an optically stimulated luminescence technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kulkarni, M. S.; Luszik-Bhadra, M.; Behrens, R.; Muthe, K. P.; Rawat, N. S.; Gupta, S. K.; Sharma, D. N.

    2011-07-01

    The neutron response of detectors prepared using α-Al 2O 3:C phosphor developed using a melt processing technique and mixed with neutron converters was studied in monoenergetic neutron fields. The detector pellets were arranged in two different pairs: α-Al 2O 3:C + 6LiF/α-Al 2O 3:C + 7LiF and α-Al 2O 3:C + high-density polyethylene/α-Al 2O 3:C + Teflon, for neutron dosimetry using albedo and recoil proton techniques. The optically stimulated luminescence response of the Al 2O 3:C + 6,7LiF dosimeter to radiation from a 252Cf source was 0.21, in terms of personal dose equivalent Hp(10) and relative to radiation from a 137Cs source. This was comparable to results obtained with similar detectors prepared using commercially available α-Al 2O 3:C phosphor. The Hp(10) response of the α-Al 2O 3:C + 6,7LiF dosimeters was found to decrease by more than two orders of magnitude with increasing neutron energy, as expected for albedo dosimeters. The response of the α-Al 2O 3:C + high-density polyethylene/α-Al 2O 3:C + Teflon dosimeters was small, of the order of 1% to 2% in terms of Hp(10) and relative to radiation from a 137Cs source, for neutron energies greater than 1 MeV.

  17. Thermally and optically stimulated luminescence of new ZnO nanophosphors exposed to beta particle irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cruz-v&Ázquez, C.; Burruel-Ibarra, S. E.; Grijalva-Monteverde, H.; Chernov, V.; Bernal, R.

    In this work, we report on the thermoluminescence (TL) and the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of ZnO nanophosphors obtained by thermal annealing of ZnS powders synthesized by precipitation in a chemical bath deposition reaction. To obtain nanocrystalline ZnO, ZnS pellet-shaped samples were subjected to a sintering process at 700 °C during 24 h exposed to air at atmospheric pressure. Some samples were exposed to beta particles in the 0.15-10.15 kGy dose range and the integrated TL as a function of dose increased with dose level, with no saturation indication for the tested dose levels. Computerized glow-curve deconvolution of the experimental glow curves in individual peaks revealed a second-order kinetics. In order to test the OSL response, samples were irradiated with beta particles with doses up to 600 Gy, and an increasing intensity as dose increased was observed. We conclude that the new ZnO phosphors under investigation are good candidates to be used as dosimetric materials.

  18. Response of optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters subjected to X-rays in diagnostic energy range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Musa, Y.; Hashim, S.; Karim, M. K. A.; Bakar, K. A.; Ang, W. C.; Salehhon, N.

    2017-05-01

    The use of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) for dosimetry applications has recently increased considerably due to availability of commercial OSL dosimeters (nanoDots) for clinical use. The OSL dosimeter has a great potential to be used in clinical dosimetry because of its prevailing advantages in both handling and application. However, utilising nanoDot OSLDs for dose measurement in diagnostic radiology can only be guaranteed when the performance and characteristics of the dosimeters are apposite. In the present work, we examined the response of commercially available nanoDot OSLD (Al2O3:C) subjected to X-rays in general radiography. The nanoDots response with respect to reproducibility, dose linearity and signal depletion were analysed using microStar reader (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL). Irradiations were performed free-in-air using 70, 80 and 120 kV tube voltages and tube currents ranging from 10 - 100 mAs. The results showed that the nanoDots exhibit good linearity and reproducibility when subjected to diagnostic X-rays, with coefficient of variations (CV) ranging between 2.3% to 3.5% representing a good reproducibility. The results also indicated average of 1% signal reduction per readout. Hence, the nanoDots showed a promising potential for dose measurement in general X-ray procedure.

  19. Emergency Dose Estimation Using Optically Stimulated Luminescence from Human Tooth Enamel

    PubMed Central

    Sholom, S.; DeWitt, R.; Simon, S.L.; Bouville, A.; McKeever, S.W.S.

    2011-01-01

    Human teeth were studied for potential use as emergency Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dosimeters. By using multiple-teeth samples in combination with a custom-built sensitive OSL reader, 60Co-equivalent doses below 0.64 Gy were measured immediately after exposure with the lowest value being 27 mGy for the most sensitive sample. The variability of OSL sensitivity, from individual to individual using multiple-teeth samples, was determined to be 53%. X-ray and beta exposure were found to produce OSL curves with the same shape that differed from those due to ultraviolet (UV) exposure; as a result, correlation was observed between OSL signals after X-ray and beta exposure and was absent if compared to OSL signals after UV exposure. Fading of the OSL signal was “typical” for most teeth with just a few of incisors showing atypical behavior. Typical fading dependences were described by a bi-exponential decay function with “fast” (decay time around of 12 min) and “slow” (decay time about 14 h) components. OSL detection limits, based on the techniques developed to-date, were found to be satisfactory from the point-of-view of medical triage requirements if conducted within 24 hours of the exposure. PMID:21949479

  20. Characterization of optically stimulated luminescence dosemeters to measure organ doses in diagnostic radiology.

    PubMed

    Endo, A; Katoh, T; Kobayashi, I; Joshi, R; Sur, J; Okano, T

    2012-03-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of an optically stimulated luminescence dosemeter (OSLD) for use in diagnostic radiology and to apply the OSLD in measuring the organ doses by panoramic radiography. The dose linearity, energy dependency and angular dependency of aluminium oxide-based OSLDs were examined using an X-ray generator to simulate various exposure settings in diagnostic radiology. The organ doses were then measured by inserting the dosemeters into an anthropomorphic phantom while using three panoramic machines. The dosemeters demonstrated consistent dose linearity (coefficient of variation<1.5%) and no significant energy dependency (coefficient of variation<1.5%) under the applied exposure conditions. They also exhibited negligible angular dependency (≤ 10%). The organ doses of the X-ray as a result of panoramic imaging by three machines were calculated using the dosemeters. OSLDs can be utilized to measure the organ doses in diagnostic radiology. The availability of these dosemeters in strip form proves to be reliably advantageous.

  1. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) as a chronometer for surface exposure dating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sohbati, Reza; Murray, Andrew S.; Chapot, Melissa S.; Jain, Mayank; Pederson, Joel

    2012-09-01

    We pioneer a technique of surface-exposure dating based upon the characteristic form of an optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) bleaching profile beneath a rock surface; this evolves as a function of depth and time. As a field illustration of this new method, the maximum age of a premier example of Barrier Canyon Style (BCS) rock art in Canyonlands National Park, Utah, USA, is constrained. The natural OSL signal from quartz grains is measured from the surface to a depth of >10 mm in three different rock samples of the Jurassic Navajo Sandstone. Two samples are from talus with unknown daylight exposure histories; one of these samples was exposed at the time of sampling and one was buried and no longer light exposed. A third sample is known to have been first exposed 80 years ago and was still exposed at the time of sampling. First, the OSL-depth profile of the known-age sample is modeled to estimate material-dependent and environmental parameters. These parameters are then used to fit the model to the corresponding data for the samples of unknown exposure history. From these fits we calculate that the buried sample was light exposed for ˜700 years before burial and that the unburied sample has been exposed for ˜120 years. The shielded surface of the buried talus sample is decorated with rock art; this rock fell from the adjacent Great Gallery panel. Related research using conventional OSL dating suggests that this rockfall event occurred ˜900 years ago, and so we deduce that the rock art must have been created between ˜1600 and 900 years ago. Our results are the first credible estimates of exposure ages based on luminescence bleaching profiles. The strength of this novel OSL method is its ability to establish both ongoing and prior exposure times, at decadal to millennial timescales or perhaps longer (depending on the environmental dose rate) even for material subsequently buried. This has considerable potential in many archeological, geological and geo

  2. Space radiation dosimetry: An optically stimulated luminescence radiation detector for low-Earth orbit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaza, Ramona

    Scope and method of study. The purpose of this study was to investigate Al2O3:C as a potential optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) radiation detector for Low-Earth Orbit. The OSL response of Al2O3:C was characterized in terms of its luminescence efficiency for a variety of heavy charged particles (HCPs) with features similar to those found in space. The HCP irradiations were performed using the HIMAC accelerator at Chiba (Japan), the proton facility at Loma Linda (CA) and the NSRL facility at Brookhaven (NY). The OSL curves were further investigated to obtain information about the 'mean efficiency' and 'mean LET', parameters that needed to assess the absorbed dose and the dose equivalent. This analysis was applied for simulated mixed radiation fields (ICCHIBAN) and actual space radiation exposures (i.e., STS-105, BRADOS, and TRACER). In parallel, the thermoluminescence response of dosimetry materials LiF:Mg,Ti and CaF2:Tm was also studied. Findings and conclusions. The OSL efficiency of Al2O 3:C exposed to HCPs was found to decrease with increasing linear energy transfer (LET) for the investigated LET range (i.e., from 0.4 keV/mum to 459 keV/mum). For simulated mixed radiation fields with a strong low-LET component, the results indicated that the OSL calibration methods (i.e., tau-method and R-method) can be used with good accuracy to obtain information about the absorbed dose and the dose equivalent. Nevertheless, for mixed fields with a strong high-LET component these methods will give larger errors when estimating the absorbed dose and the dose equivalent. For actual space radiation exposures, the results indicated that different materials/calibration methods (i.e., the LiF:Mg,Ti/HTR-method and the CaF2:Tm/peak 5 + 6/peak 3-method) give different results in terms of 'mean efficiency' and 'mean LET'. This was explained by suggesting that none of the above calibration methods can give information about the true average LET of the incident radiation, but rather

  3. Rare earth fluoride nano-/microstructures: hydrothermal synthesis, luminescent properties and applications.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Qian; Xu, Zhenhe; Sun, Yaguang

    2014-02-01

    Rare earth fluoride materials have attracted wide interest and come to the forefront in nanophotonics due to their distinct electrical, optical and magnetic properties as well as their potential applications in diverse fields such as optical telecommunication, lasers, biochemical probes, infrared quantum counters, and medical diagnostics. This review presents a comprehensive overview of the flourishing field of rare earth fluorides materials in the past decade. We summarize the recent research progress on the preparation, morphology, luminescent properties and application of rare earth fluoride-based luminescent materials by hydrothermal systems. Various rare earth fluoride materials are obtained by fine-tuning of experimental conditions, such as capping agents, fluoride source, acidity, temperature and reaction time. The controlled morphology, luminescent properties and application of the rare earth fluorides are briefly discussed with typical examples.

  4. Luminescence properties of Yb:Er:KY3F10 nanophosphor and thermal treatment effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomes, Laércio; Linhares, Horácio Marconi da Silva M. D.; Ichikawa, Rodrigo Uchida; Martinez, Luis Gallego; Baldochi, Sonia Licia

    2016-04-01

    In this work, we present the spectroscopic properties of KY3F10 nanocrystals activated with erbium and codoped with ytterbium ions. The most important processes that lead to the erbium upconversion of green and red emissions of Er3+ were identified. A time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy technique was employed to measure the luminescence decays of 4S3/2 and 4F9/2 excited levels of Er3+ and to determine the upconversion processes and the luminescence efficiencies of erbium in the visible. Analysis of the luminescence kinetics in Yb:Er:KY3F10 shows a rapid upconversion (Up1) for the green emission with a time constant of 0.31 μs after pulsed laser excitation at 972 nm for as synthesized nanocrystals, which is faster than the time constant measured for the bulk crystal (23 μs). In addition, it is observed a second upconversion process (non-resonant) (Up2) responsible for the red emission (Er3+), which competes with Up1 process. However, the luminescence efficiency of the green emission (4S3/2) is observed to be very low (1.6%) for the as synthesized nanocrystal (25 °C). Nevertheless, it increases with the nanopowder heat treatment reaching an efficiency of 99% (T = 550 °C) relative to the bulk crystal. Similar luminescence behavior was observed for the 4F9/2 level (Er3+) that emits red emission. X-ray diffraction analysis of nanopowder by Rietveld method reveled that the mean crystallite size remains unchanged (8.3-12.3 nm) after thermal treatments with T ∼ 400 °C, while the 4S3/2 luminescence efficiency strongly increases to 20%. The luminescence dynamics indicates that Er3+ ions distribution plays a determinant role in the luminescence efficiency of green and red emissions of Er3+ besides also the strong influence on the upconversions processes. The observed luminescence effect is caused by the non-uniform Er3+ (and Yb3+) ions distribution due to the nanocrystal grown, which introduces a concentration gradient that increases towards the nanoparticle

  5. Luminescent properties of natural barite: Evidence for its genesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boroznovskaya, N. N.; Zyryanova, L. A.; Pekov, I. V.

    2016-11-01

    The study of radiation of intrinsic and impurity excitations in natural barite showed that the patterns of BaSO4 luminescence were mostly controlled by the presence of the [SO4] anion complex. Several types of self-radiation were registered including those at the expense of the presence of O2- ions of the axial and nonaxial configurations of the anionic group (emission bands within the wavelength ranges of 209-213 and 330-350 nm, respectively). Exitons located near the impurity and intrinsic defects largely participate in emission. Impurity defects participating in the luminescent centers of barite from the Ore Altai include Pb2+, Gd3+, Eu2+, Eu3+, Cu+, and Ag+ (under X-ray excitation). Variations in the spectral composition of barite indicate the different conditions of its formation.

  6. Optically- and thermally-stimulated luminescences of Ce-doped SiO2 glasses prepared by spark plasma sintering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okada, Go; Kasap, Safa; Yanagida, Takayuki

    2016-11-01

    Rare-earth doped phosphors have been used in many applications including radiation measurements. In the latter applications, the radiation photons are converted to light so that we can indirectly detect the radiation using a conventional photodetector. In this work, we have prepared and characterized a Ce-doped SiO2 glass for dosimeter applications. Unlike conventional techniques such as sol-gel synthesis, the sample was prepared by spark plasma sintering. Although the PL emission seems to be only from the Ce3+ ions in the structure, due to the X-ray induced luminescence, we have also observed optically-stimulated luminescence (OSL), and thermally-stimulated luminescence (TSL), owing to a pair of silylenes and a set of dioxasilirane and silylene in addition to Ce3+. We have measured the detector response vs irradiation dose for both the OSL and TSL. The detector response in both cases is linear over the dose range from at least 1 mGy to 2 Gy. Particularly, the sensitivity of TSL is so high that it should be considered to be a good candidate for practical applications.

  7. Luminescent Properties of Terbium Aminobenzoates in Condensed Media

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meshkova, S. B.; Doga, P. G.; Kiriyak, A. V.; Kucher, A. A.

    2015-07-01

    The decrease in nonradiative deactivation of the luminescence excitation energy in a series of condensed media (true complex solution, viscous solution of water-soluble polymer, polymer fi lm) was studied using terbium complexes with aminobenzoic acids as examples. It was established that the infl uence of the water-soluble polymer was caused by the coordination of Tb3+ to it and the solution viscosity.

  8. Optical and Electronic Properties of Luminescent and of Metastable Solids.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-07-29

    necessary and Identity by block number) donor-acceptor pair, gallim phosphide, hydrostatic pressure luminescence, zero-phonon line, R-line, alexandrite ... alexandrite (BeAI204 :Cr 3+). Both temperature and pressure dependence of the spectrum of alexandrite have been measured and interpreted. Also, the...materials such as alexandrite (BeAl 04 :Cr 3+). In both of these areas, we have added to the fundamental theoretical understanding and also carried on

  9. Luminescent properties of Eu3+-doped yttrium or gadolinium phosphates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tuan, D. C.; Olazcuaga, R.; Guillen, F.; Garcia, A.; Moine, B.; Fouassier, C.

    2005-03-01

    After an investigation of the formation conditions of the intermediate phases existing in the systems Y{2}O{3}-P{2}O{5} and Gd{2}O{3}-P{2}O{5} (R/P = 4/1, 3/1, 1, 1/2, 1/3 and 1/5 (R = Y or Gd)) the luminescence characteristics of the Eu3+ ion substituted for the Y3+ or Gd3+ ions have been determined. The position of the O2-toEu3+ charge transfer band shifts to higher energies with increasing P content, which results in high quantum efficiencies for several P-rich phosphates. With increasing P content the probability of the electric dipole transitions is reduced, in particular for the hypersensitive 5D{0}to 7F{2} transition. This causes a shift of the colour point to the orange and lengthens the luminescence lifetime. The luminescence characteristics are compared with those of the red phosphors for display.

  10. Improvement of luminescence properties of GaN buffer layer for fast nitride scintillator structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hubáček, T.; Hospodková, A.; Oswald, J.; Kuldová, K.; Pangrác, J.

    2017-04-01

    We have optimized technology of GaN buffer layer growth with respect to the application in fast scintillation structures. The deep defect luminescence so called yellow band (YB) with decay time up to tens of microseconds is undesired for these applications and should be suppressed or at least the ratio of intensities of excitonic to YB maximum has to be considerably increased. The required photoluminescence properties were achieved by optimization of growth parameters of nucleation and coalescence layer on sapphire substrate. We have shown that decrease of NH3 flow, decrease of coalescence temperature, increase of nucleation time and nucleation pressure lead to improvement of the structure and luminescence properties of the buffer layer. Results indicate a significant increased ratio of excitonic/YB luminescence intensity.

  11. Synthesis and luminescence properties of salicylaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone derivatives and their europium complexes.

    PubMed

    Shan, Wenfei; Liu, Fen; Liu, Jiang; Chen, Yanwen; Yang, Zehui; Guo, Dongcai

    2015-09-01

    Four novel salicylaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone derivatives and their corresponding europium ion complexes were synthesized and characterized, while the luminescence properties and the fluorescence quantum yields of the target complexes were investigated. The results indicated that the ligands favored energy transfers to the emitting energy level of europium ion, and four target europium complexes showed the characteristic luminescence of central europium ion. Besides the luminescence intensity of the complex with methoxy group, which possessed the highest fluorescence quantum yield (0.522), was stronger than that of other complexes. Furthermore, the electrochemical properties of the target complexes were further investigated by cyclic voltammetry, the results indicated that the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy levels and the oxidation potential of the complexes with electron donating group increased, however, that of the complexes with accepting electron group decreased.

  12. Photophysical properties of luminescent silicon nanoparticles surface-modified with organic molecules via hydrosilylation.

    PubMed

    Miyano, Mari; Kitagawa, Yuichi; Wada, Satoshi; Kawashima, Akira; Nakajima, Ayako; Nakanishi, Takayuki; Ishioka, Junya; Shibayama, Tamaki; Watanabe, Seiichi; Hasegawa, Yasuchika

    2016-01-01

    Luminescent silicon nanoparticles have attracted considerable attention for their potential uses in various applications. Many approaches have been reported to protect the surface of silicon nanoparticles and prevent their easy oxidation. Various air-stable luminescent silicon nanoparticles have been successfully prepared. However, the effect of interactions of the π-electron system with the silicon surface on the excited state properties of silicon nanoparticles is unclear. In this study, we have successfully prepared silicon nanoparticles protected with three organic compounds (styrene, 1-decene, and 1-vinyl naphthalene) and have examined their photophysical properties. The ligand π-electron systems on the silicon surface promoted the light harvesting ability for the luminescence through a charge transfer transition between the protective molecules and silicon nanoparticles and also enhanced the radiative rate of the silicon nanoparticles.

  13. Structure and luminescent properties of complex compounds of tellurium(IV) with ammonium bases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sedakova, T. V.; Mirochnik, A. G.

    2015-07-01

    Using tellurium(IV) complex compounds with outer-sphere ammonium cations as an example, we have studied the interrelation between their geometric structure and spectral-luminescent properties. In the series of compounds of tellurium(IV), which are characterized by the island octahedral coordination of Te(IV) ions, the luminescence intensity has been found to depend on the degree of distortion of the coordination polyhedron of the Te(IV) ion, the position of the A band in diffuse reflection spectra, and the energy of the luminescence transition 3 P 1 → 1 S 0 of the tellurium(IV) ion. We have revealed that the considered Te(IV) complexes possess reversible thermochromic properties.

  14. Luminescent properties of Al2O3:Ce single crystalline films under synchrotron radiation excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zorenko, Yu.; Zorenko, T.; Gorbenko, V.; Savchyn, V.; Voznyak, T.; Fabisiak, K.; Zhusupkalieva, G.; Fedorov, A.

    2016-09-01

    The paper is dedicated to study the luminescent and scintillation properties of the Al2O3:Ce single crystalline films (SCF) grown by LPE method onto saphire substrates from PbO based flux. The structural quality of SCF samples was investigated by XRD method. For characterization of luminescent properties of Al2O3:Ce SCFs the cathodoluminescence spectra, scintillation light yield (LY) and decay kinetics under excitation by α-particles of Pu239 source were used. We have found that the scintillation LY of Al2O3:Ce SCF samples is relatively large and can reach up to 50% of the value realized in the reference YAG:Ce SCF. Using the synchrotron radiation excitation in the 3.7-25 eV range at 10 K we have also determined the basic parameters of the Ce3+ luminescence in Al2O3 host.

  15. The development of photo-stimulated luminescence spectroscopy for three-dimensional stress measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raghavan, Seetha

    The development of photo-stimulated luminescence spectroscopy (PSLS) for stress measurement in chromium-doped alumina has been motivated by the need for a nondestructive technique to establish the integrity of the thermally grown oxide (TGO) layer on turbine blades of jet engines. Applications of PSLS have been based on the R-line peak positions and their stress dependence has been fully exploited for planar measurements. However, factors associated with the oxide layer, such as its undulated nature and growth stresses, emphasize the need to measure other stress components unavailable with the planar model in use today. Our new findings on the piezospectroscopic nature of vibronic bands in the optical spectrum of chromium-doped alumina pave the way for a 3-D model of stress measurement never before established. The focus of this research is on developing the PSLS technique to measure 3-D stresses in chromium-doped alumina by studying the behavior of these less explored parameters and the experimental factors that affect their measurement. The development of a spectral analysis methodology based on genetic algorithms for optimization of the curve fitting was instrumental in detecting and monitoring the shifts of the peaks within the vibronic bands with stress. The stress measurement model was applied to polycrystalline alumina and thermal barrier coating specimens and data for future validation was obtained using synchrotron x-ray diffraction. This work leads to an improved stress-prediction method in non-destructive testing of the TGO and eventual life prediction of the thermal barrier coatings of aircraft engine turbine blades.

  16. Response of Nanodot Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeters to Therapeutic Electron Beams

    PubMed Central

    Ponmalar, Y. Retna; Manickam, Ravikumar; Sathiyan, S.; Ganesh, K. M.; Arun, R.; Godson, Henry Finlay

    2017-01-01

    Response of Al2O3:C-based nanoDot optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimeter was studied for the dosimetry of 6, 9, 12, 16, and 20 MeV therapeutic electron beams. With reference to ionization chamber, no change in the response was observed with the change in the energy of electron beams for the field size from 6 cm × 6 cm to 25 cm × 25 cm, dose rates from 100 MU/min to 600 MU/min, and the linearity in the response up to 300 cGy. The fading of the transient signal was higher for 20 MeV electron beam than that of 6 MeV electron beam by about 5% as compared to value at 20 min after irradiation. The depletion of OSL signal per readout in 200 successive readouts was also found to change with dose and energy of electron beam from 6 MeV (9% and 12% per readout at 2 and 10 Gy, respectively) to 20 MeV (9% and 16% at 2 and 10 Gy, respectively). The OSL sensitivity changed in the range from 2% to 6% with accumulated doses from 2 to 8 Gy and with electron energy from 6 to 20 MeV, but the sensitivity could be reset using an optical annealing treatment. Although negligible fading for postirradiation storage from 20 min to several months, acceptable precision and linearity in the desired range, and high reproducibility makes nanoDot dosimeters very attractive for the dosimetry of therapeutic electron beams, a note should be made for changes in sensitivity at doses beyond 2 Gy and electron beams energy dependence in reuse, short-term fading, and signal depletion on repeated readout. PMID:28405107

  17. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of aeolian sand in the otindag dune field and holocene climate change

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Zhou, Y.L.; Lu, H.Y.; Mason, J.; Miao, X.D.; Swinehart, J.; Goble, R.

    2008-01-01

    The dune system in Otindag sand field of northern China is sensitive to climate change, where effective moisture and related vegetation cover play a controlling role for dune activity and stability. Therefore, aeolian deposits may be an archive of past environmental changes, possibly at the millennial scale, but previous studies on this topic have rarely been reported. In this study, thirty-five optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) ages of ten representative sand-paleosol profiles in Otindag sand field are obtained, and these ages provide a relatively complete and well-dated chronology for wet and dry variations in Holocene. The results indicate that widespread dune mobilization occurred from 9.9 to 8.2 ka, suggesting a dry early Holocene climate. The dunes were mainly stabilized between 8.0 and 2.7 ka, implying a relatively wet climate, although there were short-term penetrations of dune activity during this wet period. After ???2.3 ka, the region became dry again, as inferred from widespread dune activity. The "8.2 ka" cold event and the Little Ice Age climatic deterioration are detected on the basis of the dune records and OSL ages. During the Medieval Warm Period and the Sui-Tang Warm Period (570-770 AD), climate in Otindag sand field was relatively humid and the vegetation was denser, and the sand dunes were stabilized again. These aeolian records may indicate climate changes at millennial time scale during Holocene, and these climatic changes may be the teleconnection to the climate changes elsewhere in the world. ?? Science in China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008.

  18. Thermally stimulated luminescence studies of undoped, Cu- and Mn-doped CaSO4 compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manam, J.; Das, S.

    Thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) of undoped and doped CaSO4 with activators such as Cu and Mn has been investigated. The polycrystalline samples of undoped and doped CaSO4 are prepared by the melting method. The formation of CaSO4 compound is confirmed by X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared studies. Scanning electron microscopic studies of CaSO4 are also carried out. The TSL glow curves of undoped CaSO4, Cu- and Mn-doped CaSO4 are studied. Comparison of the thermoluminescence (TL) intensity of the most intensive glow peak of Cu-doped CaSO4 compound with that of undoped CaSO4 shows that addition of Cu impurity in CaSO4 compound enhances the TL intensity by about four times. However, the addition of Mn impurity to undoped CaSO4 increases the TL intensity by about three times when compared with that of undoped CaSO4. The TL-dose dependence of all three samples was studied and was observed to be almost linear in the studied range of irradiation time. Among the samples studied, namely undoped CaSO4 and Cu- and Mn-doped CaSO4, Cu-doped CaSO4 is found to be the most sensitive. The trap parameters, namely order of kinetics (b), activation energy (E) and frequency factor (s) associated with the most intensive glow peaks of CaSO4:Mn, CaSO4:Cu and CaSO4 phosphors were determined using the glow curve shape (Chen's) method.

  19. Use of Optically Stimulated Luminescence Imaging Plates and Reader for Arms Control Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Steven D.; Tomeraasen, Paul L.; Burghard, Brion J.; Traub, Richard J.

    2001-07-05

    Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) technology has been pioneered at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for applications in personnel radiation dosimetry and commercially has become highly successful in replacing older technologies such as Thermoluminescence Dosimeters (TLDs) and film. OSL phosphors are used to measure radiation exposure by illuminating them with light after ionizing radiation exposure and measuring the amount of light emitted by the OSL phosphor. By using a two-dimensional plate of OSL material and raster scanning a light beam across the OSL plate a radiation pattern or image can be measured. The Arms Control community requires an electrons-free medium to measure the attributes of extent and symmetry on Pu pits in storage containers. OSL technology, used in the two-dimensional imaging mode, provides a means to measure these attributes with exposure times on the order of an hour. A special OSL reader has been built by PNNL to measure OSL imaging plates with a size of 20 cm by 30 cm. The reader uses 10 light emitting diode clusters with 10 corresponding photomultiplier tubes to measure an OSL imaging plate in less than 5 minutes. The resolution of each of the 10 measurement assemblies is 1 square-centimeter. A collimator assembly employing a Venetian-blind type collimator is used in conjunction with the OSL film to image the Pu pit within the storage container. The output of the OSL reader is a two dimensional array of intensities that will be used with the appropriate information barriers to measure extent and symmetry. This device also clearly distinguishes the difference between a point source and a distributed source. Details of the OSL technology, OSL reader system, collimator design, and system performance will be presented.

  20. An optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter for measuring patient exposure from imaging guidance procedures.

    PubMed

    Ding, George X; Malcolm, Arnold W

    2013-09-07

    There is a growing interest in patient exposure resulting from an x-ray imaging procedure used in image-guided radiation therapy. This study explores a feasibility to use a commercially available optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimeter, nanoDot, for estimating imaging radiation exposure to patients. The kilovoltage x-ray sources used for kV-cone-beam CT (CBCT) imaging acquisition procedures were from a Varian on-board imager (OBI) image system. An ionization chamber was used to determine the energy response of nanoDot dosimeters. The chamber calibration factors for x-ray beam quality specified by half-value layer were obtained from an Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratory. The Monte Carlo calculated dose distributions were used to validate the dose distributions measured by using the nanoDot dosimeters in phantom and in vivo. The range of the energy correction factors for the nanoDot as a function of photon energy and bow-tie filters was found to be 0.88-1.13 for different kVp and bow-tie filters. Measurement uncertainties of nanoDot were approximately 2-4% after applying the energy correction factors. The tests of nanoDot placed on a RANDO phantom and on patient's skin showed consistent results. The nanoDot is suitable dosimeter for in vivo dosimetry due to its small size and manageable energy dependence. The dosimeter placed on a patient's skin has potential to serve as an experimental method to monitor and to estimate patient exposure resulting from a kilovoltage x-ray imaging procedure. Due to its large variation in energy response, nanoDot is not suitable to measure radiation doses resulting from mixed beams of megavoltage therapeutic and kilovoltage imaging radiations.

  1. SU-E-T-75: Commissioning Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeters for Fast Neutron Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Young, L; Yang, F; Sandison, G; Woodworth, D; McCormick, Z

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Fast neutrons therapy used at the University of Washington is clinically proven to be more effective than photon therapy in treating salivary gland and other cancers. A nanodot optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) system was chosen to be commissioned for patient in vivo dosimetry for neutron therapy. The OSL-based radiation detectors are not susceptible to radiation damage caused by neutrons compared to diodes or MOSFET systems. Methods: An In-Light microStar OSL system was commissioned for in vivo use by radiating Landauer nanodots with neutrons generated from 50.0 MeV protons accelerated onto a beryllium target. The OSLs were calibrated the depth of maximum dose in solid water localized to 150 cm SAD isocenter in a 10.3 cm square field. Linearity was tested over a typical clinical dose fractionation range i.e. 0 to 150 neutron-cGy. Correction factors for transient signal fading, trap depletion, gantry angle, field size, and wedge factor dependencies were also evaluated. The OSLs were photo-bleached between radiations using a tungsten-halogen lamp. Results: Landauer sensitivity factors published for each nanodot are valid for measuring photon and electron doses but do not apply for neutron irradiation. Individually calculated nanodot calibration factors exhibited a 2–5% improvement over calibration factors computed by the microStar InLight software. Transient fading effects had a significant impact on neutron dose reading accuracy compared to photon and electron in vivo dosimetry. Greater accuracy can be achieved by calibrating and reading each dosimeter within 1–2 hours after irradiation. No additional OSL correction factors were needed for field size, gantry angle, or wedge factors in solid water phantom measurements. Conclusion: OSL detectors are a useful for neutron beam in vivo dosimetry verification. Dosimetric accuracy comparable to conventional diode systems can be achieved. Accounting for transient fading effects during the neutron beam

  2. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of Holocene alluvial fans, East Anatolian Fault System, Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dogan, Tamer; Cetin, Hasan; Yegingil, Zehra; Topaksu, Mustafa; Yüksel, Mehmet; Duygun, Fırat; Nur, Necmettin; Yegingil, İlhami

    2015-07-01

    In this study, the optically stimulated luminescence dating technique was used to determine the time of deposition of alluvial sediment samples from the Türkoğlu-Antakya segment of the East Anatolian Fault System (EAFS) in Turkey. The double-single aliquot regenerative dose protocol on fine grain samples was used to estimate equivalent doses (De). Annual dose rate was computed using elemental concentration of uranium (U) and thorium (Th) determined by using thick-source alpha counting and potassium (K) concentrations using X-ray fluorescence and/or atomic absorption spectroscopy. The environmental dose was measured in situ using α-Al2O3:C chips inside plastic tubes for a year. The two different bulk sediment samples collected from the Islahiye trench yielded ages of 4.54 ± 0.28 and 2.91 ± 0.23 ka. We also obtained a 2.60 ± 0.18 ka age for the alluvial deposit in the Kıranyurdu trench and 2.31 ± 0.14 ka age for an excavation area called Malzeme Ocağı. These ages were consistent with the corresponding calibrated Carbon-14 (14C) ages of the region. The differences between the determined ages were insufficient to clearly distinguish the disturbance event from the effects of bioturbation, biological mixing, or other sources of De variation in the region. They provide a record of alluvial aggradation in the region and may determine undocumented historical earthquake events.

  3. Luminescence properties of the dinuclear copper complex in the active site of hemocyanins.

    PubMed

    Beltramini, M; di Muro, P; Rocco, G P; Salvato, B

    1994-09-01

    The deoxygenated form of hemocyanin, containing a dinuclear Cu(I) active site, emits luminescence in the red with maximum around 1.54 microns-1 (650 nm). The luminescence of deoxyhemocyanin (deoxy-Hc) from arthropod species is detectable at room temperature, the quantum yield being 2.4-2.7 x 10(-3); in contrast, the emission from molluscan proteins can be detected only at liquid nitrogen temperature. The luminescence emission is an inherent property of the bis[Cu(I)-(histidine)3] complex of the deoxygenated form of the protein to which both Cu(I) ions contribute equally to the overall emission. Luminescence is not observed with the oxygenated and the oxidized forms of hemocyanin, in which the metal is in the Cu(II) state, and in the metal-depleted or apo-Hc form. Based on steady-state and time-resolved measurements and references to Cu(I) model compounds, the luminescence emission is attributed to a triplet excited state of a Cu(I)-to-N (histidine) charge transfer transition 3d-pi*. Acrylamide quenching experiments indicate that the metal active site is very shielded from the solvent. This property of deoxy-Hc enables us to directly follow reactions that modify either the copper oxidation number or the metal-to-protein stoichiometry.

  4. Peculiarities of luminescent and scintillation properties of YAG:Ce phosphor prepared in different crystalline forms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zorenko, Y.; Zorenko, T.; Gorbenko, V. V.; Voznyak, T.; Savchyn, V.; Bilski, P.; Twardak, A.

    2012-06-01

    In this work, we have performed the comparative analysis of the luminescent and scintillation properties of Y3Al5O12:Ce (YAG:Ce) single crystals (SC), single crystalline films (SCF) and transparent optical ceramics (OС) using the traditional spectral methods as well as the luminescence spectroscopy under excitation by pulsed synchrotron radiation in the fundamental absorption range of YAG host. We have shown that the properties of YAG:Ce OC are rather closer to the properties of SCF counterpart where YAl antisite defects are completely absent than to the properties of SC of this garnet with large concentration of YAl antisite defects. At the same time, the luminescence spectra of YAG:Ce OC and SC show the emission bands in the 200-450 nm range related to YAl antisite defects and charged oxygen vacancies (F+ and F-centers). YAG:Ce ОС also possesses significantly higher thermoluminescence in the range above room temperature and large contribution of slow components in the Ce3+ luminescence decay under high-energy excitation in comparison with SC and SCF of this garnet. The mentioned properties of YAG:Ce OC are caused by the participation of antisite defects and charged oxygen vacancies located in OC mainly on the boundaries of grains, as trapping centers in the energy transfer processes from the host to the Ce3+ ions.

  5. Structural and luminescence properties of Dy3+ doped bismuth phosphate glasses for greenish yellow light applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damodaraiah, S.; Reddy Prasad, V.; Babu, S.; Ratnakaram, Y. C.

    2017-05-01

    Different compositions of (5, 10, 15 and 20 mol%) of bismuth and different concentrations (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mol%) of Dy3+ ion doped bismuth phosphate (BiP) glasses were synthesized by melt-quenching technique. The structural characterization was accomplished by XRD, SEM with EDS, FTIR, FT-Raman and 31P MAS NMR spectroscopy. The optical properties were studied using absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Different structural groups were identified using FTIR and FT-Raman spectra. The depolymerization of metaphosphate chains are described by the decrease of Q2 tetrahedral sites allowing the formation of pyrophosphate groups (Q1) revealed by 31P MAS NMR spectroscopic investigations. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ (λ = 2, 4 and 6) were evaluated from absorption spectra. Radiative parameters such as radiative lifetimes (τR), integrated absorption cross-sections (Σ) and branching ratios (βR) were calculated using Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters. From photoluminescence spectra, experimental branching ratios (βexp) and stimulated emission cross-sections (σP) were calculated for all the observed emission transitions of prepared glasses. The decay profiles for 4F9/2 level were recorded and fit exponential for 0.5 mol% and non-exponential for higher concentrations of Dy3+ due to non-radiative energy transfer among excited Dy3+ ions. The CIE chromaticity co-ordinates have been calculated from the luminescence spectra which confirmed greenish yellow light emission.

  6. Nanoscale coordination polymers exhibiting luminescence properties and NMR relaxivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chelebaeva, Elena; Larionova, Joulia; Guari, Yannick; Ferreira, Rute A. S.; Carlos, Luis D.; Trifonov, Alexander A.; Kalaivani, Thangavel; Lascialfari, Alessandro; Guérin, Christian; Molvinger, Karine; Datas, Lucien; Maynadier, Marie; Gary-Bobo, Magali; Garcia, Marcel

    2011-03-01

    This article presents the first example of ultra-small (3-4 nm) magneto-luminescent cyano-bridged coordination polymer nanoparticles Ln0.333+Gdx3+/[Mo(CN)8]3- (Ln = Eu (x = 0.34), Tb (x = 0.35)) enwrapped by a natural biocompatible polymer chitosan. The aqueous colloidal solutions of these nanoparticles present a luminescence characteristic of the corresponding lanthanides (5D0 --> 7F0-4 (Eu3+) or the 5D4 --> 7F6-2 (Tb3+)) under UV excitation and a green luminescence of the chitosan shell under excitation in the visible region. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) efficiency, i.e. the nuclear relaxivity, measurements performed for Ln0.333+Gdx3+/[Mo(CN)8]3- nanoparticles show r1p and r2p relaxivities slightly higher than or comparable to the ones of the commercial paramagnetic compounds Gd-DTPA® or Omniscan® indicating that our samples may potentially be considered as a positive contrast agent for MRI. The in vitro studies performed on these nanoparticles show that they maybe internalized into human cancer and normal cells and well detected by fluorescence at the single cell level. They present high stability even at low pH and lack of cytotoxicity both in human cancer and normal cells.This article presents the first example of ultra-small (3-4 nm) magneto-luminescent cyano-bridged coordination polymer nanoparticles Ln0.333+Gdx3+/[Mo(CN)8]3- (Ln = Eu (x = 0.34), Tb (x = 0.35)) enwrapped by a natural biocompatible polymer chitosan. The aqueous colloidal solutions of these nanoparticles present a luminescence characteristic of the corresponding lanthanides (5D0 --> 7F0-4 (Eu3+) or the 5D4 --> 7F6-2 (Tb3+)) under UV excitation and a green luminescence of the chitosan shell under excitation in the visible region. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) efficiency, i.e. the nuclear relaxivity, measurements performed for Ln0.333+Gdx3+/[Mo(CN)8]3- nanoparticles show r1p and r2p relaxivities slightly higher than or comparable to the ones of the commercial paramagnetic compounds Gd

  7. Application of optically stimulated luminescence technique to evaluate simultaneously accumulated and single doses with the same dosimeter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malthez, Anna Luiza M. C.; Freitas, Marcelo B.; Yoshimura, Elisabeth M.; Button, Vera L. S. N.

    2014-02-01

    Optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLD) can be read several times with a negligible loss (degradation) of signal. In this work, we explore this OSL property to estimate simultaneously the accumulated and single doses using a unique Al2O3 dosimeter, irradiated repeated times along over 4 months. This was done through several irradiations of OSLD (Landauer Luxel Dots) with two energies (28 keV X-rays and 1.25 MeV Co-60 gamma rays) and several doses distributed over time. Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) were used as a reference to compare the estimated doses obtained with OSLD. For each irradiation, and both energies, a calibration curve was evaluated with OSLD and TLD to estimate the dose values. The OSL readouts were made with a MicroStar (Landauer) OSL reader. To estimate background (BG) over time, a set of OSLD and TLD (Bycron TLD100) was not irradiated and BG was monitored at each readout section. After irradiations, the OSL and TL signals were converted to dose and values were compared. As a set of OSLD suffered no bleaching after the readouts, it was possible to estimate simultaneously the accumulated and single doses with a unique OSLD. Each single dose was estimated through the subtraction of successive accumulated doses determined for each single OSLD. We concluded that the single doses determined by OSL and TL techniques were compatible, and that the accumulated dose, obtained with OSL technique was comparable to the sum of single doses determined with TLD. We can conclude that using OSL technique and Al2O3 dosimeters it is possible to estimate simultaneously accumulated and single doses with the same dosimeter irradiated with low or high energy photons.

  8. Luminescent and electrophysical properties of nanostructured thin ZnO films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grigoryev, L. V.; Nisgireva, A. I.; Cernyh, E. A.; Kulakov, S. V.; Nefedov, V. G.; Shakin, O. V.

    2017-05-01

    In article are presented the results investigation of the luminescent properties of thin ZnO films. Present the results of the investigation of the I-V characteristic in a zinc oxide film obtained by a reactive ion-plasma method. Presented the parameters of electrically active traps and quantity the mobility of charge carriers in ZnO.

  9. Upconversion luminescence properties of Er3+/Yb3+ in transparent α-Sialon ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Bin; Joshi, Bhupendra; Kshetri, Yuwaraj K.; Adhikari, Rajesh; Narro-Gracia, R.; Lee, Soo Wohn

    2015-01-01

    Er3+ stabilized transparent α-Sialon ceramics with upconversion (UC) luminescence properties were fabricated for the first time by hot press sintering method. The fabricated samples show better transparency as well as UC luminescence properties. Moreover, the effect of Yb2O3 as a sensitizer on UC properties was analyzed in Er-α-Sialon system. The change in Sialon phases and crystal structure were analyzed by X-ray diffraction. The chemical compositions and morphology of grains and intergranular phase were analyzed by EDS and Transmission Electron Microscopy, respectively. The UC emissions were observed around 527, 547 and 670 nm corresponding to the 2H11/2, 4S3/2 and 4F9/2 transitions, respectively when excited by 980 nm continuous wave (CW) laser diode. UC process in Er3+ is found to be two photon processes. Intense green UC luminescence was observed with Er3+ and low amount of Yb3+ addition but higher amount of Yb3+ addition shows higher UC luminescence in red region. The transparency was higher in higher Er2O3 and low Yb2O3 content Sialon that was around 60% in visible light region. The chromaticity was also calculated for different samples and high color purity above 90% was obtained for green and yellow emissions. The mechanical properties were also investigated in this study.

  10. Luminescent solar concentrators. I. Concentrators based on mixtures of dyes in PMMA. Spectral and luminescent properties, reabsorption and energy transfer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Svetlichnyi, V. A.; Lapin, I. N.; Vaitulevich, E. A.; Biryukov, A. A.

    2013-07-01

    Spectral and luminescent properties of efficient and stable commercial organic dyes in solutions and polymethylmetacrilate (PMMA), absorbing and emitting in wavelength ranges 300-680 nm and 390-750 nm, respectively, are investigated. Using different excitation and registration schemes, it is demonstrated that spectral shifts of initial radiation caused by reabsorption are observed at wavelengths around 1.5 cm. The process of excitation energy transfer from the UV range to the red range of the spectrum is investigated in mixtures of 4-6 dyes of different compositions. The maximum efficiency of radiation transfer from 300 nm to 560-580 nm, exceeding the efficiency of individual fluorophores by a factor of >1.6 is obtained for mixtures of four dyes POPOP(bis-MSB)-Coumarin 30-DCM-Pyrromethene 580 (Rhodamine 11B) in PMMA.

  11. Sol-Gel Electrolytes Incorporated by Lanthanide Luminescent Materials and Their Photophysical Properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Chufang; Zhang, Zhengyang; Fu, Meizhen; Gao, Jinwei; Zheng, Yuhui

    2017-10-01

    A group of silica gel electrolytes with lanthanide luminescent hybrid materials were assembled and investigated. Photophysical studies showed that terbium and europium hybrids displayed characteristic green and red emissions within the electrolytes. The influence of different concentration of the lanthanide hybrids on the electrochemical behavior of a gelled electrolyte valve-regulated lead-acid battery were studied through cyclic voltammograms, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, water holding experiments and mobility tests. The morphology and particle size were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. The results proved that lanthanide (Tb3+/Eu3+) luminescent materials are effective additives which will significantly improve the electrochemical properties of lead-acid batteries.

  12. Synthesis and optical properties of luminescent core-shell structured silicate and phosphate nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dembski, Sofia; Rupp, Sabine; Milde, Moritz; Gellermann, Carsten; Dyrba, Marcel; Schweizer, Stefan; Batentschuk, Miroslaw; Osvet, Andres; Winnacker, Albrecht

    2011-05-01

    Monodisperse, luminescent core-shell structured inorganic nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel technology. They exhibit an amorphous SiO 2 core and a crystalline luminescent shell. Zn 2SiO 4:Mn 2+ and Ca 10(PO 4) 6OH:Eu 3+ shell materials are investigated. The influence of the doping concentration on optical and structural properties was studied. The resulting nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis, transmission electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, and photoluminescence spectroscopy.

  13. Late Quaternary rates of uplift and shortening at Baatar Hyarhan (Mongolian Altai) with optically stimulated luminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nissen, Edwin; Walker, Richard; Molor, Erdenebat; Fattahi, Morteza; Bayasgalan, Amgalan

    2009-04-01

    We investigate mountain building in the Altai range of western Mongolia, focusing on Baatar Hyarhan, a NW-trending massif bounded by active thrust faults. Our primary aims are to describe how thrusting has evolved over time, to calculate late Quaternary slip rates by dating offset alluvial markers with optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and to compare these late Quaternary rates with measurements of deformation on decadal and geological timescales. Patterns of topography and drainage suggest that Baatar Hyarhan has grown in length and has propagated laterally from the SE towards the NW over time. On the NE side of the massif, the range-bounding Zereg fault appears active only along younger parts of Baatar Hyarhan; next to the oldest, SE part of the massif faulting has migrated into the adjacent Zereg Basin, where it has uplifted low, linear ridges of folded sediment, known locally as forebergs. On the SW side of the massif, only the range-bounding Tsetseg fault appears active. Using OSL, we establish ages of ~15, ~20 and ~85 kyr for alluvial deposits cut by these faults. These ages are close to those of alluvial markers in the separate Gobi Altai range, suggesting that periods of fan and terrace formation may correlate over wide tracts of Mongolia, presumably under the primary control of climate. Combining our OSL ages with offsets measured with differential GPS, we calculate Late Quaternary slip rates across forebergs in the Zereg Basin and across the range-bounding Zereg and Tsetseg faults. Uncertainties in fault dip (due to lack of clear fault exposures) and burial ages (due to incomplete resetting of the luminescence clock) mean that the exact slip rates are poorly constrained. Nevertheless, the vertical displacement rates we calculate across the Zereg and Tsetseg range-front faults-0.2-0.6 and 0.1-0.4 mm yr-1, respectively-are at the lower end of long-term (~5 Myr) estimates of 0.4-0.8 and 0.3-0.7 mm yr-1, respectively. Vertical rates of deformation may

  14. Highly visible-light luminescence properties of the carboxyl-functionalized short and ultrashort MWNTs

    SciTech Connect

    Luo Yongsong Xia Xiaohong; Liang Ying; Zhang Yonggang; Ren Qinfeng; Li Jialin Jia Zhijie; Tang Yiwen

    2007-06-15

    Luminescence of the short multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) conjugated with carboxylic acid groups has been studied. The results show that the carboxyl-functionalized short MWNTs could emit luminescence and the emission peak appears at 500 nm with a corresponding optimal excitation wavelength centering at 310 nm. When the short MWNTs are filtered through 0.15 {mu}m polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane, the ultrashort MWNTs are obtained from the filtrate. An interesting feature for the ultrashort MWNTs is that the emission intensity is strengthened and the peak is slightly blue shifted to 460 nm. This result indicates that the luminescence properties of MWNTs are strongly affected by the tube length. After chemical oxidization cutting, defects and carboxylic acid groups at the tube end and/or sidewall can be produced; the more shorten of MWNTs, the better dispersion and carboxylic passivation of the nanotubes, and the more intense luminescence emissions. The broad emissions are logically attributed to the trapping of excitation energy by defect sites in the carboxyl-functionalized nanotube structure. - Graphical abstract: Luminescence of the short and ultrashort multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) conjugated with carboxylic acid groups, which is logically attributed to the trapping of excitation energy by defect sites, has been studied.

  15. Understanding the unconventional effects of halogenation on the luminescent properties of oligo(phenylene vinylene) molecules.

    PubMed

    Sun, Chun-Lin; Li, Jun; Geng, Hong-Wei; Li, Hui; Ai, Yong; Wang, Qiang; Pan, Shan-Lin; Zhang, Hao-Li

    2013-12-01

    It is commonly known that halogenation tends to decrease the luminescence quantum yield of an organic dye, owing to the high electronegativity and heavy-atom effect of the halogen atom. However, based on an investigation of the effects of halogenation on the luminescence of the oligo(phenylene vinylene) (OPV) framework, we demonstrate that halogenation can have positive impact on the solid-state fluorescence and electrochemiluminescence (ECL) properties of OPV derivatives. The chlorinated OPV exhibits a very high solid-state fluorescence quantum yield (91%), whilst the brominated analogue gives the highest ECL emission intensity. Time-dependent density functional theory calculations, natural bond orbital analysis, and natural transition orbital analysis were performed to assist the understanding of the origin of these positive halogenation effects, which provide insight into the rational design of highly luminescent halogenated organic materials for solid-state devices and ECL applications. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  16. Influence of intermolecular hydrogen bonds on the luminescence properties of {alpha}-substituted cinnamonitriles

    SciTech Connect

    Mikhlina, Ya. A.; Bolotin, B. M.; Uzhinov, B. M. Volchkov, V. V.; Kuz'mina, L. G.

    2013-03-15

    In view of the dramatic difference in the spectral-luminescence properties of {alpha}-(p-chlorobenzoyl)-4-diethylaminocinnamonitrile and {alpha}-ethoxycarbonyl-4-diethylaminocinnamonitrile in solutions and in the crystalline state, X-ray diffraction analysis has been applied to study crystals of these compounds. The intermolecular C-H...N and C-H...O hydrogen bonds are found to contribute to the quinoidization of molecules, which leads to a bathochromic shift in the absorption and fluorescence spectra. A spectral-luminescence study of the aforementioned compounds has revealed that the solvent temperature and polarity affect the position of absorption and luminescence peaks: a decrease in these parameters causes a hypsochromic shift.

  17. Visible light stimulating dual-wavelength emission and O vacancy involved energy transfer behavior in luminescence for coaxial nanocable arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Lei; Dong, Jiazhang; Jiang, Zhongcheng; Pan, Anlian; Zhuang, Xiujuan

    2014-06-01

    We report a strategy to investigate O vacancy (VO) involved energy transfer and dual-wavelength yellow emission in coaxial nanocable. By electric field deposition and subsequent sol-gel template approach, ZnO:Tb/Y2O3:Eu coaxial nanocable arrays are synthesized. After visible light excitation, system is promoted to O vacancy charge transfer state of VO(0/+). In the following cross relaxation, energy transfer from VO to the excitation energy level of Tb3+ in ZnO:Tb core area. While in Y2O3:Eu shell area, energy transfer to the excitation energy level of Eu3+. Subsequently, dual-wavelength emission is observed. By constructing nanocable with dual-wavelength emission, yellow luminescence is obtained. Adjust doping concentration of Eu3+ or Tb3+ in the range of 0.01-0.05, chromaticity coordinates of ZnO:Tb/Y2O3:Eu nanocable stably stays at yellow region in color space except ZnO:Tb0.01/Y2O3:Eu0.01. As Vo states act as media in energy transfer process in nanocablers, visible light can stimulate dual-wavelength emissions. Yellow luminescent nanocable arrays will have great applications in light-emitting diode luminescence.

  18. Visible light stimulating dual-wavelength emission and O vacancy involved energy transfer behavior in luminescence for coaxial nanocable arrays

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Lei; Dong, Jiazhang; Jiang, Zhongcheng; Pan, Anlian; Zhuang, Xiujuan

    2014-06-14

    We report a strategy to investigate O vacancy (V{sub O}) involved energy transfer and dual-wavelength yellow emission in coaxial nanocable. By electric field deposition and subsequent sol-gel template approach, ZnO:Tb/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu coaxial nanocable arrays are synthesized. After visible light excitation, system is promoted to O vacancy charge transfer state of V{sub O}(0/+). In the following cross relaxation, energy transfer from V{sub O} to the excitation energy level of Tb{sup 3+} in ZnO:Tb core area. While in Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu shell area, energy transfer to the excitation energy level of Eu{sup 3+}. Subsequently, dual-wavelength emission is observed. By constructing nanocable with dual-wavelength emission, yellow luminescence is obtained. Adjust doping concentration of Eu{sup 3+} or Tb{sup 3+} in the range of 0.01–0.05, chromaticity coordinates of ZnO:Tb/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu nanocable stably stays at yellow region in color space except ZnO:Tb{sub 0.01}/Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sub 0.01}. As Vo states act as media in energy transfer process in nanocablers, visible light can stimulate dual-wavelength emissions. Yellow luminescent nanocable arrays will have great applications in light-emitting diode luminescence.

  19. Crystallization-Dependent Luminescence Properties of Ce:LuPO4.

    PubMed

    Sun, Congting; Li, Xingxing; Wang, Hao; Xue, Dongfeng

    2016-03-21

    The luminescence properties of Ce:LuPO4 depend on both the Ce(3+) center and the host lattice. In this article, we studied the dependence of the luminescence properties of Ce:LuPO4 on both the doping concentration of Ce(3+) and the size and morphology of the LuPO4 matrix at micro- and nanosize regimes. The crystalline behavior of Ce:LuPO4, including its size and shape, was investigated via precursor transformation crystallization. On the basis of this crystallization approach, Ce:LuPO4 hollow nanospheres, nanorods, and regular tetrahedrons were obtained. For micro- and nanostructured Ce:LuPO4, the surface-induced chemical bonding architecture can be effectively varied by controlling the size of the crystalline material and its geometry. Our experimental observations demonstrate that one-dimensional Ce:LuPO4 nanorods doped with 0.1 mol % Ce(3+) possess the best performance among the as-prepared samples. The significant anisotropy of Ce:LuPO4 nanorods can result in a larger specific surface area and enhanced luminescence properties. Moreover, the improved luminescence property of Ce:LuPO4 nanostructures can also be optimized by increasing the preferential anisotropic chemical bonding architecture to regulate the 5d level of Ce(3+). Our work also shows that the photoluminescence emission intensity of Ce:LuPO4 nanorods is increased as the surface area normal to their axial direction increases. From the standpoint of crystallization, the luminescence properties of Ce(3+) in nano- and microsize matrixes can be well-optimized by controlling the crystalline behavior of the host lattice under proper synthesis conditions.

  20. Some Motivational Properties of Sensory Stimulation in Psychotic Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rincover, Arnold; And Others

    1977-01-01

    This experiment assessed the reinforcing properties of sensory stimulation for autistic children using three different types of sensory stimulation: music, visual flickering, and visual movement. (SB)

  1. Energy dependence and angular dependence of an optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter in the mammography energy range.

    PubMed

    Kawaguchi, Ai; Matsunaga, Yuta; Suzuki, Shoichi; Chida, Koichi

    2017-03-01

    This study aimed to investigate the energy dependence and the angular dependence of commercially available optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) point dosimeters in the mammography energy range. The energy dependence was evaluated to calculate calibration factors (CFs). The half-value layer range was 0.31-0.60 mmAl (Mo/Mo 22-28 kV, Mo/Rh 28-32 kV, and W/Rh 30-34 kV at 2-kV intervals). Mo/Rh 28 kV was the reference condition. Angular dependence was tested by rotating the X-ray tube from -90° to 90° in 30° increments, and signal counts from angled nanoDots were normalized to the 0° signal counts. Angular dependence was compared with three tube voltage and target/filter combinations (Mo/Mo 26 kV, Mo/Rh 28 kV and W/Rh 32 kV). The CFs of energy dependence were 0.94-1.06. In Mo/Mo 26-28 kV and Mo/Rh 28-32 kV, the range of CF was 0.99-1.01, which was very similar. For angular dependence, the most deteriorated normalized values (Mo/Mo, 0.37; Mo/Rh, 0.43; and W/Rh, 0.58) were observed when the X-ray tube was rotated at a 90° angle, compared to 0°. The most angular dependences of ± 30°, 60°, and 90° decreased by approximately 4%, 14%, and 63% respectively. The mean deteriorated measurement 30° intervals from 0° to ± 30° was 2%, from ± 30° to ± 60° was 8%, and from ± 60° to ± 90° was 40%. The range of energy dependence in typical mammography energy range was not as much as that in general radiography and computed tomography. For accurate measurement using nanoDot, the tilt needs to be under 30°.

  2. Recent developments of optically stimulated luminescence materials and techniques for radiation dosimetry and clinical applications

    PubMed Central

    Pradhan, A. S.; Lee, J. I.; Kim, J. L.

    2008-01-01

    During the last 10 years, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) has emerged as a formidable competitor not only to thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) but also to several other dosimetry systems. Though a large number of materials have been synthesized and studied for OSL, Al2O3:C continues to dominate the dosimetric applications. Re-investigations of OSL in BeOindicate that this material might provide an alternative to Al2O3:C. Study of OSL of electronic components of mobile phones and ID cards appears to have opened up a feasibility of dosimetry and dose reconstruction using the electronic components of gadgets of everyday use in the events of unforeseen situations of radiological accidents, including the event of a dirty bomb by terrorist groups. Among the newly reported materials, a very recent development of NaMgF3:Eu2+ appears fascinating because of its high OSL sensitivity and tolerable tissue equivalence. In clinical dosimetry, an OSL as a passive dosimeter could do all that TLD can do, much faster with a better or at least the same efficiency; and in addition, it provides a possibility of repeated readout unlike TLD, in which all the dose information is lost in a single readout. Of late, OSL has also emerged as a practical real-time dosimeter for in vivo measurements in radiation therapy (for both external beams and brachytherapy) and in various diagnostic radiological examinations including mammography and CT dosimetry. For in vivo measurements, a probe of Al2O3:C of size of a fraction of a millimeter provides the information on both the dose rate and the total dose from the readout of radioluminescence and OSL signals respectively, from the same probe. The availability of OSL dosimeters in various sizes and shapes and their performance characteristics as compared to established dosimeters such as plastic scintillation dosimeters, diode detectors, MOSFET detectors, radiochromic films, etc., shows that OSL may soon become the first choice for point dose

  3. Constraining Middle Pleistocene Glaciations in Birmingham, England; Using Optical Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) Dating.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibson, S. M.; Gibbard, P. L.; Bateman, M. D.; Boreham, S.

    2014-12-01

    Birmingham is built on a complex sequence of Middle Pleistocene sediments, representing at least three lowland glaciations (MIS12, MIS6, and MIS2). British Geological Survey mapping accounts 75% of the land mass as Quaternary deposits; predominantly glacial-sandy tills, glacial-fluvial sands, clays and organic silts and peats. Understanding the age of fluvial-glacial outwash, related to specific glaciations, is critical in establishing a Geochronology of Birmingham. Shotton (1953) found a series of Middle Pleistocene glacial sediments, termed the Wolstonian, intermediate in age between MIS11 and MIS5e Interglacial's. Uncertainty surrounding the relation to East Anglian sequences developed by Rose (1987) implies Birmingham sequences should be referred to MIS12. Despite this, younger Middle Pleistocene glacial sequences occur in Birmingham, yet uncertainty has deepened over our understanding of the complex, inaccessible sediments, especially as deposits have similar extent with MIS2 sequences. Five Optical Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dates from three sites around Birmingham have been sampled. East of Birmingham, ice advanced from the Irish Sea and later the North East. In Wolston, a sample of outwash sand, associated with the Thurssington Till, is dated. In Meriden, two samples of outwash sands, associated with a distal Oadby Till, are dated. West of Birmingham, ice advanced from the Welsh Ice Sheet. In Seisdon, two samples of an Esker and outwash sand, associated with a Ridgeacre Till, are dated. Correlation of OSL dates provide an important constraint on understanding the history of Birmingham. Using GSI3D modeling to correlate geochronology and sedimentology, the significance of OSL dating can be understood within the complex sequences (and regional stratigraphy), complimented by Cosmogenic and Palynology dates taken in South West and North East. OSL dating on Birmingham's outwash sands, deposited by extensive repeated Middle Pleistocene glaciations, asserts the

  4. Luminescent properties of Mn2+ doped apatite nanophosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ravindranadh, K.; Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N.; Rao, M. C.

    2016-05-01

    Nanophosphors have been extensively investigated during the last decade due to their various high-performance application potential such as lamp industry, radiation dosimetry, X-ray imaging and colour display. The synthesis of inorganic nanophosphors using both ionizing radiation (IR) or UV light represents very promising technological field. Alkaline earth nanophosphors gathered a lot of attention in past decades because they are considered to be excellent host materials. Transition-metal oxides are well known luminescent emitters in the visible spectral region. Mn2+ doped calcium-lithium hydroxyapatite (CLHA) nanophosphors were prepared by mechanochemical synthesis. The prepared samples were characterized by photoluminescence studies. Photoluminescence spectra of Mn2+ doped CLHA nanophosphors exhibited green and strong orange emission bands at 534, 577 nm respectively under the excitation wavelength of 365 nm. The CIE chromaticity coordinates were also calculated from emission spectra for Mn2+ doped CLHA nanophosphors.

  5. Luminescent properties of Mn{sup 2+} doped apatite nanophosphors

    SciTech Connect

    Ravindranadh, K.; Rao, M. C.; Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N.

    2016-05-06

    Nanophosphors have been extensively investigated during the last decade due to their various high-performance application potential such as lamp industry, radiation dosimetry, X-ray imaging and colour display. The synthesis of inorganic nanophosphors using both ionizing radiation (IR) or UV light represents very promising technological field. Alkaline earth nanophosphors gathered a lot of attention in past decades because they are considered to be excellent host materials. Transition-metal oxides are well known luminescent emitters in the visible spectral region. Mn{sup 2+} doped calcium-lithium hydroxyapatite (CLHA) nanophosphors were prepared by mechanochemical synthesis. The prepared samples were characterized by photoluminescence studies. Photoluminescence spectra of Mn{sup 2+} doped CLHA nanophosphors exhibited green and strong orange emission bands at 534, 577 nm respectively under the excitation wavelength of 365 nm. The CIE chromaticity coordinates were also calculated from emission spectra for Mn{sup 2+} doped CLHA nanophosphors.

  6. The synthesis, structure, magnetic and luminescent properties of a new tetranuclear dysprosium (III) cluster

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Yen-Han; Tsai, Yun-Fan; Lee, Gene-Hsian; Yang, En-Che

    2012-01-15

    The synthesis and characterization of [Dy{sub 4}(dhampH{sub 3}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}](NO{sub 3}){sub 2} (1), a new tetranuclear dysprosium (III) complex, is described. The compound was characterized by its X-ray structure, magnetic properties as well as the luminescent spectra. The compound crystallizes in a P1-bar space group with a zig-zag linear form of geometry. The ac magnetic susceptibilities of the molecule indicate that it is a magnetic molecule with a slow magnetization relaxation. The molecule also exhibits an emission spectrum that was confirmed to be ligand based. These results indicate that this molecule has both a slow magnetization relaxation (that could be potentially a SMM) and luminescent properties. - Graphical Abstract: A new tetranuclear dysprosium (III) complex [Dy{sub 4}(dhampH{sub 3}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}](NO{sub 3}){sub 2} is synthesized and reported in this paper. This molecule has luminescence and can potentially act as a SMM. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new designed ligand (dhampH{sub 5}) was syntheisized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new tetra-dysprosium cluster [Dy{sub 4}(dhampH{sub 3}){sub 4}(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}](NO{sub 3}){sub 2} was made. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Slow magnetization relaxation phenomenon was observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ligand-based luminescence was observed.

  7. Synthesis and luminescence properties of lanthanide complexes with a new tripodal ligand featuring N-thenylsalicylamide arms.

    PubMed

    Song, Xue-Qin; Zheng, Qing-Fang; Wang, Li; Liu, Wei-Sheng

    2012-01-01

    To explore the relationship between the structure of the ligands and the luminescent properties of the lanthanide complexes, luminescent lanthanide complexes of a new tripodal ligand, featuring N-thenylsalicylamide arms, were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and TGA measurements. Photophysical properties of the complexes were studied by means of UV - visible absorption and steady-state luminescence spectroscopy. The results of UV - vis spectra indicate that metal binding does not disturb the electronic structure of the ligand. Excited-state luminescence lifetimes and quantum yields of the complexes were determined. The photoluminescence analysis suggested that there is an efficient ligand - Ln(III) energy transfer for the Tb(III) complex, and the ligand is an efficient 'antenna' for Tb(III). From a more general perspective, the results demonstrated the potential application of the lanthanide complex as luminescent materials in material chemistry.

  8. CdS:Mn nanocrystals passivated by ZnS: Synthesis and luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Heesun; Holloway, Paul H.; Cunningham, Garry; Schanze, Kirk S.

    2004-11-01

    Synthesis and characterization of highly luminescent ZnS-passivated CdS:Mn (CdS:Mn/ZnS) core/shell structured nanocrystals are reported. Mn-doped CdS core nanocrystals are produced ranging from 1.5 to 2.3 nm in diameter with epitaxial ZnS shell of wider band gap via a reverse micelle process. UV irradiation-stimulated photo-oxidation of the ZnS shell results in formation of sulfate (ZnSO4) as determined by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, which increases the photoluminescence emission intensity and subsequent photostability. Luminescent relaxation lifetime data present two different decay components, consisting of slow decay emission from the Mn center and a fast decay emission from a defect-related center. The impact of the density of surface defect states upon the emission spectra is discussed.

  9. Characterization of Al2O3 optically stimulated luminescence films for 2D dosimetry using a 6 MV photon beam

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, M. F.; Shrestha, N.; Schnell, E.; Ahmad, S.; Akselrod, M. S.; Yukihara, E. G.

    2016-11-01

    This work evaluates the dosimetric properties of newly developed optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) films, fabricated with either Al2O3:C or Al2O3:C,Mg, using a prototype laser scanning reader, a developed image reconstruction algorithm, and a 6 MV therapeutic photon beam. Packages containing OSL films (Al2O3:C and Al2O3:C,Mg) and a radiochromic film (Gafchromic EBT3) were irradiated using a 6 MV photon beam using different doses, field sizes, with and without wedge filter. Dependence on film orientation of the OSL system was also tested. Diode-array (MapCHECK) and ionization chamber measurements were performed for comparison. The OSLD film doses agreed with the MapCHECK and ionization chamber data within the experimental uncertainties (<2% at 1.5 Gy). The system background and minimum detectable dose (MDD) were  <0.5 mGy, and the dose response was approximately linear from the MDD up to a few grays (the linearity correction was  <10% up to ~2-4 Gy), with no saturation up to 30 Gy. The dose profiles agreed with those obtained using EBT3 films (analyzed using the triple channel method) in the high dose regions of the images. In the low dose regions, the dose profiles from the OSLD films were more reproducible than those from the EBT3 films. We also demonstrated that the OSL film data are independent on scan orientation and field size over the investigated range. The results demonstrate the potential of OSLD films for 2D dosimetry, particularly for the characterization of small fields, due to their wide dynamic range, linear response, resolution and dosimetric properties. The negligible background and potential simple calibration make these OSLD films suitable for remote audits. The characterization presented here may motivate further commercial development of a 2D dosimetry system based on the OSL from Al2O3:C or Al2O3:C,Mg.

  10. Variation of Spectra Luminescence Emission of Moganite under Different Stimulation Sources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia-Guinea, J.; Bustillo, M. A.; Crespo-Feo, E.; Tormo, L.; Finch, A. A.; Hole, D. E.; Townsend, P. D.; Correcher, V.

    2009-08-01

    This work focuses on a characterization of various type of luminescence in Moganite-rich silica minerals from Mogan (Gran Canaria, Spain). The silica minerals formed by complicated hydrous processes exhibit luminescence emissions, which depend on sample temperature and type of an irradiation for excitation such as heat, laser, ion-beam, X-ray, incident electron beam and so on. Here we examined thermoluminescence (TL), ion beam luminescence (IBL), radioluminescence (RL), cathodoluminescence (CL) of moganite aliquots combined with Raman spectroscopy for clarification of relationship between lattice defects and the spectral luminescence emissions. The spatially-resolved CL spectroscopy coupled to the environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM-CL) displays different luminescence spectral signals between the moganite veined core (dull emission) and the rim (bright emission) together with larger porosity and additional ions in the outer part, suggesting a later alteration process with alkali, metals and volatile ions for the moganite formation. RL and IBL spectra of silica minerals in core and rim mainly show a progressive increase in intensity of RL emission band at 470-500 nm with decrease in sample temperature, which is caused by cryogenic stress on the [AlO4]0 centers. Continuous H+ ion beam implantation on samples at room temperature produces a subtle diminishing of blue emission and a quite brightening of red emission at 700 nm assigned to Fe3+ point defects. The white turbid rim with opaline SiO2 in cavities emits bright CL emission in panchromatic CL image, and has spectral emission bands at 290 nm with high intensity (100 000 a.u.) and one at 520 nm which are probably related to H2O(Si-OH) groups, H+, Na+ and metallic ions such as Fe3+, Ti4+ and Nb4+. Moganite core zones only display emission bands at 390 nm and 670 nm (8500 a.u.) attributed to [AlO4/Na+]0 centers and silanol groups, respectively.

  11. Photoluminescence, optically stimulated luminescence, and thermoluminescence study of RbMgF{sub 3}:Eu{sup 2+}

    SciTech Connect

    Dotzler, C.; Williams, G. V. M.; Robinson, J.; Rieser, U.

    2009-01-15

    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and thermoluminescence are observed in polycrystalline RbMgF{sub 3}:Eu{sup 2+} after x-ray, {gamma}-ray, or {beta} irradiation. The main electron traps are F-centers but there are other unidentified traps. The main hole traps at room temperature are probably Eu{sup 3+} and thermal or optical stimulation leads to electron-hole recombination at the Eu{sup 3+} site and Eu{sup 2+} emissions arising from {sup 6}P{sub J} to {sup 8}S{sub 7/2} and 4f{sup 5}d(E{sub g}) to {sup 8}S{sub 7/2} transitions. We find that some of the electron traps can be emptied by infrared stimulation and all of the electron traps can be emptied by white light stimulation. The OSL dark decay is long and exceeds 5 days for traps that are emptied by white light stimulation after initial infrared bleaching. Our results show that this compound can be used as a radiation dosimeter for intermediate dose levels where the {sup 87}Rb self-dose does not significantly affect the dose reading.

  12. Luminescent Properties of Arylpolyene Organic Dyes and Cross-Conjugated Ketones Promising for Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Naumova, N. L.; Vasilyeva, I. A.

    2015-09-01

    The spectral-luminescent properties of some dyes of substituted arylpolyenes and cross-conjugated ketones class in Shpolsky matrices, promising for using in solving quantum optics and nanophotonics, were studied.

  13. Synthesis and optical properties of macrocyclic lanthanide(III) chelates as new reagents for luminescent biolabeling.

    PubMed

    Deslandes, Sébastien; Galaup, Chantal; Poole, Robert; Mestre-Voegtlé, Béatrice; Soldevila, Stéphanie; Leygue, Nadine; Bazin, Hervé; Lamarque, Laurent; Picard, Claude

    2012-11-14

    The convenient and efficient synthesis of two macrocyclic ligands (15- and 18-membered) based on a dipyrido-6,7,8,9-tetrahydrophenazine (dpqc) or 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine (tpy) heterocycle and a DTTA (diethylenetriaminetriacetic acid) skeleton is described. In these ligands the DTTA skeleton contains an additional extracyclic functionality (NH(2) group) suitable for covalent attachment to bioactive molecules. These octa- and nonadentate ligands form very stable and luminescent neutral lanthanide complexes in aqueous solutions at physiological pH. The corresponding Eu(III) and Tb(III) complexes are characterized by a maximum absorption wavelength compatible with nitrogen laser excitation (337 nm) and attractive lifetimes and quantum yields. Further introduction of a maleimide bioconjugatable handle in the Eu(III) complexes was investigated and a valuable luminescence brightness above 1500 dm(3) mol(-1) cm(-1) at 337 nm was obtained with the corresponding Eu(III) tpy-derivative. Finally, these two luminescent chelates were grafted onto thiol residues of a model antibody (Mab GSS11) without loss of their luminescent properties.

  14. X-ray induced luminescence properties of (Y,Eu)AlO3 single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuro, Tomoaki; Nakauchi, Daisuke; Okada, Go; Kawaguchi, Noriaki; Yanagida, Takayuki

    2017-02-01

    We investigated photoluminescence, scintillation and dosimeter properties of (Y1-x Eux)AlO3 (x = 0.001, 0.5 and 1) single crystals (hereafter denoted as Eu:YAP for x = 0.001, EYAP for x = 0.5 and EAP for x = 1). The samples were prepared by the Floating Zone method. In photoluminescence (PL), we observed a broad emission around 300-400 nm due to host under excitation of 280 nm, and emissions due to the 4f state transitions of Eu3+ appeared around 590 nm and 615 nm. Scintillation spectra also show emission peaks around 590 and 615 nm due to the 4f state transitions of Eu3+ in all the samples. In addition, emissions around 300-400 nm due to YAP host and around 550-700 nm due to 5d-4f transitions of Eu2+ appeared in Eu:YAP. The PL and scintillation decay time profiles consisted of several exponential decay components. The fast (ns) component group was possibly due to host emission, and especially Eu:YAP demonstrated a very fast PL decay time of 16 ns. The intermediate (μs) component group was due to the 5d-4f transitions of Eu2+. The slow (ms) component group was ascribed to the 4f state transitions of Eu3+ ion. The Eu:YAP sample showed intense thermally-stimulated luminescence (TSL) with peaks at 46, 155, 255 and 443 °C. The intensity was much higher than those of EAP and EYAP. In particular, the peak at 254 °C, which showed the highest intensity, was due to doping with Eu. The TSL dose response function showed a good linearity (R2 > 0.99) over a wide dose range from 0.1 mGy to 100 mGy for Eu:YAP, which showed the highest sensitivity among the present samples.

  15. Application of the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) technique for mouse dosimetry in micro-CT imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Vrigneaud, Jean-Marc; Courteau, Alan; Oudot, Alexandra; Collin, Bertrand; Ranouil, Julien; Morgand, Loïc; Raguin, Olivier; Walker, Paul; Brunotte, François

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: Micro-CT is considered to be a powerful tool to investigate various models of disease on anesthetized animals. In longitudinal studies, the radiation dose delivered by the micro-CT to the same animal is a major concern as it could potentially induce spurious effects in experimental results. Optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) are a relatively new kind of detector used in radiation dosimetry for medical applications. The aim of this work was to assess the dose delivered by the CT component of a micro-SPECT (single-photon emission computed tomography)/CT camera during a typical whole-body mouse study, using commercially available OSLDs based on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C crystals.Methods: CTDI (computed tomography dose index) was measured in micro-CT with a properly calibrated pencil ionization chamber using a rat-like phantom (60 mm in diameter) and a mouse-like phantom (30 mm in diameter). OSLDs were checked for reproducibility and linearity in the range of doses delivered by the micro-CT. Dose measurements obtained with OSLDs were compared to those of the ionization chamber to correct for the radiation quality dependence of OSLDs in the low-kV range. Doses to tissue were then investigated in phantoms and cadavers. A 30 mm diameter phantom, specifically designed to insert OSLDs, was used to assess radiation dose over a typical whole-body mouse imaging study. Eighteen healthy female BALB/c mice weighing 27.1 ± 0.8 g (1 SD) were euthanized for small animal measurements. OLSDs were placed externally or implanted internally in nine different locations by an experienced animal technician. Five commonly used micro-CT protocols were investigated.Results: CTDI measurements were between 78.0 ± 2.1 and 110.7 ± 3.0 mGy for the rat-like phantom and between 169.3 ± 4.6 and 203.6 ± 5.5 mGy for the mouse-like phantom. On average, the displayed CTDI at the operator console was underestimated by 1.19 for the rat-like phantom and 2.36 for the mouse

  16. Effects of Synthesis Process on Luminescence Properties and Structure of Mesoporous Carbon-Silica Nanocomposite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sato, Koji; Ishikawa, Yukari; Ishii, Yosuke; Kawasaki, Shinji; Muto, Shunsuke; Yamamoto, Yuta

    2012-08-01

    The effects of hydrolysis and polycondensation reactions for synthesizing light-emitting mesoporous carbon-silica (MPCS) nanocomposite on the structure, chemical bonding state, and luminescence properties of MPCS were investigated by controlling the concentration (0.02 to 5 M) of HCl, which was used as a catalyst for hydrolysis and polycondensation. The progress of hydrolysis and polycondensation reactions provides a nanometer-order pore/wall structure and results in a strong light-emitting property. The pore/wall structure was obtained using HCl at concentrations of 0.2 M and higher, but it became disordered with increasing HCl concentration (2 and 5 M). The luminescence color of the MPCS nanocomposite can be changed from yellowish-white to bluish-white by changing the concentration of HCl.

  17. Structural, spectral-luminescent, and lasing properties of nanostructured Tm : CaF{sub 2} ceramics

    SciTech Connect

    Ryabochkina, P A; Lyapin, A A; Osiko, Vyacheslav V; Fedorov, Pavel P; Ushakov, S N; Kruglova, M V; Sakharov, N V; Garibin, E A; Gusev, P E; Krutov, M A

    2012-09-30

    The structure and the spectral-luminescent properties of CaF{sub 2} - TmF{sub 3} fluoride ceramics and single crystals are studied. AFM investigations revealed a layered nanostructure of grains, which was not observed in reference samples of single crystals. It is found that the spectral-luminescent properties of CaF{sub 2} - TmF{sub 3} ceramics and single crystals are similar. Lasing at the {sup 3}F{sub 4} {yields} {sup 3}H{sub 6} transition of Tm{sup 3+} ions in CaF{sub 2} - TmF{sub 3} ceramics (wavelength 1898 nm) under diode pimping is obtained for the first time. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  18. Fabrication Methods and Luminescent Properties of ZnO Materials for Light-Emitting Diodes

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ching-Ting

    2010-01-01

    Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a potential candidate material for optoelectronic applications, especially for blue to ultraviolet light emitting devices, due to its fundamental advantages, such as direct wide band gap of 3.37 eV, large exciton binding energy of 60 meV, and high optical gain of 320 cm−1 at room temperature. Its luminescent properties have been intensively investigated for samples, in the form of bulk, thin film, or nanostructure, prepared by various methods and doped with different impurities. In this paper, we first review briefly the recent progress in this field. Then a comprehensive summary of the research carried out in our laboratory on ZnO preparation and its luminescent properties, will be presented, in which the involved samples include ZnO films and nanorods prepared with different methods and doped with n-type or p-type impurities. The results of ZnO based LEDs will also be discussed.

  19. Design, Properties, and In Vivo Behavior of Super-paramagnetic Persistent Luminescence Nanohybrids.

    PubMed

    Teston, Eliott; Lalatonne, Yoann; Elgrabli, Dan; Autret, Gwennhael; Motte, Laurence; Gazeau, Florence; Scherman, Daniel; Clément, Olivier; Richard, Cyrille; Maldiney, Thomas

    2015-06-10

    With the fast development of noninvasive diagnosis, the design of multimodal imaging probes has become a promising challenge. If many monofunctional nanocarriers have already proven their efficiency, only few multifunctional nanoprobes have been able to combine the advantages of diverse imaging modalities. An innovative nanoprobe called mesoporous persistent luminescence magnetic nanohybrids (MPNHs) is described that shows both optical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) properties intended for in vivo multimodal imaging in small animals. MPNHs are based on the assembly of chromium-doped zinc gallate oxide and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles embedded in a mesoporous silica shell. MPNHs combine the optical advantages of persistent luminescence, such as real time imaging with highly sensitive and photostable detection, and MRI negative contrast properties that ensure in vivo imaging with rather high spatial resolution. In addition to their imaging capabilities, these MPNHs can be motioned in vitro with a magnet, which opens multiple perspectives in magnetic vectorization and cell therapy research.

  20. Lanthanide-organic complexes based on polyoxometalates: Solvent effect on the luminescence properties

    SciTech Connect

    Tang Qun; Liu Shuxia; Liang Dadong; Ma Fengji; Ren Guojian; Wei Feng; Yang Yuan; Li Congcong

    2012-06-15

    A series of lanthanide-organic complexes based on polyoxometalates (POMs) [Ln{sub 2}(DNBA){sub 4}(DMF){sub 8}][W{sub 6}O{sub 19}] (Ln=La(1), Ce(2), Sm(3), Eu(4), Gd(5); DNBA=3,5-dinitrobenzoate; DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide) has been synthesized. These complexes consist of [W{sub 6}O{sub 19}]{sup 2-} and dimeric [Ln{sub 2}(DNBA){sub 4}(DMF){sub 8}]{sup 2+} cations. The luminescence properties of 4 are measured in solid state and different solutions, respectively. Notably, the emission intensity increases gradually with the increase of solvent permittivity, and this solvent effect can be directly observed by electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The analyses of ESI-MS show that the eight coordinated solvent DMF units of dimeric cation are active. They can move away from dimeric cations and exchange with solvent molecules. Although the POM anions escape from 3D supramolecular network, the dimeric state structure of [Ln{sub 2}(DNBA){sub 4}]{sup 2+} remains unchanged in solution. The conservation of red luminescence is attributed to the maintenance of the aggregated state structures of dimeric cations. - Graphical abstract: 3D POMs-based lanthanide-organic complexes performed the solvent effect on the luminescence property. The origin of such solvent effect can be understood and explained on the basis of the existence of coordinated active sites by the studies of ESI-MS. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The solvent effect on the luminescence property of POMs-based lanthanide-organic complexes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ESI-MS analyses illuminate the correlation between the structure and luminescence property. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The dimeric cations have eight active sites of solvent coordination. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The aggregated state structure of dimer cation remains unchanged in solution. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Luminescence associating with ESI-MS is a new method for investigating the interaction of complex and solvent.

  1. Effect of ultrasonic treatment on photoelectric and luminescent properties of ZnSe crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Zobov, E. M. Zobov, M. E.; Gabibov, F. S.; Kamilov, I. K.; Manyakhin, F. I.; Naimi, E. K.

    2008-03-15

    The results of the effect of ultrasonic treatment of ZnSe crystals on the structure of the energy spectrum of electronic states of centers with deep levels forming photoelectric and luminescent properties of this compound are presented. It is for the first time proved experimentally that the climb of edge dislocations under the effect of ultrasound leads to regrouping and generation of defects forming deep levels, which manifest themselves in phenomena of photosensitivity and radiative recombination.

  2. Luminescence Properties of Sm3+/Eu3+ Co-Doped ZnO Quantum Dots.

    PubMed

    Liu, Fengyi; Li, Hong; Hu, Yajing; Na, Jin; Mou, Yun; Yang, Kun; Ye, Zuhu; Li, Mingyue; Xie, Ya-Hong

    2016-04-01

    In order to improve luminescence properties of semiconductor ZnO quantum dots (QDs), Sm3+/Eu3+ co-doped ZnO QDs have been controllably synthesized by sol-gel method in this paper. ZnO QDs have a spherical shape with mean diameter at about 5-6 nm, which was characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). ZnO QDs have hexagonal wurtzite structure with parts of Sm3+ and Eu3+ incorporated into the lattice, which was demonstrated by X-ray Diffraction (XRD). Luminescence properties at room temperature (RT) of different amount of Sm3+ and 2 mol% Eu3+ doped ZnO QDs were examined in-depth by optical spectra. In contrast to the Pr3+/Eu3+ co-doped fluorescent performance researched in our previous study, the photoluminescence (PL) spectra indicates the unique luminescence properties of Sm3+/Eu3+ co-doped ZnO QDs. In addition, fluorescence lifetimes were obtained to illustrate the luminous mechanism.

  3. Preparation and luminescence properties of organogel doped with Eu(TTA)3phen complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cocca, M.; Di Lorenzo, M. L.; Avella, M.; Gentile, G.; Aubouy, L.; Della Pirreira, M.; Gutiérrez-Tauste, D.; Kennedy, M.; Doran, J.; Norton, B.

    2012-07-01

    In this contribution we report the preparation and the luminescence property of Eu(TTA)3phen complex doped toluene gels. Gels were prepared by using either a low molecular weight gelator, 12-hydroxystearic acid (HSA), or a macromolecular gelator, syndiotactic polymethylmethacrylate (s-PMMA). The gelation properties and their reversible behavior from solid-like to liquid systems have been investigated. In addition, photophysical investigations, as well as morphology, thermal properties and ageing behavior of the gels were analyzed as a function of composition of the gels.

  4. Magnetic and luminescent properties of vanadium-doped ZnSe crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Radevici, Ivan; Nedeoglo, Natalia; Sushkevich, Konstantin; Huhtinen, Hannu; Nedeoglo, Dmitrii; Paturi, Petriina

    2016-12-01

    Magnetic and photoluminescence properties of vanadium-doped ZnSe crystals with impurity concentrations varied by changing the V amount in the source material from 0.03 to 0.30 at% are studied in 5-300 K temperature range. Investigation of magnetic properties shows that the studied concentrations of vanadium impurity that should not disturb crystal lattice are insignificant for observing ferromagnetic behaviour even at low temperatures. The contribution of V impurity to edge emission and its influence on infra-red emission are discussed. Similarities of magnetic and luminescent properties induced by vanadium and other transition metal impurities are discussed.

  5. Optically stimulated luminescence and thermoluminescence efficiencies for high-energy heavy charged particle irradiation in Al2O3:C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yukihara, E. G.; Gaza, R.; McKeever, S. W. S.; Soares, C. G.

    2004-01-01

    The thermally and optically stimulated luminescence (TL and OSL) response to high energy heavy-charged particles (HCPs) was investigated for two types of Al2O3:C luminescence dosimeters. The OSL signal was measured in both continuous-wave (CW) and pulsed mode. The efficiencies of the HCPs at producing TL or OSL, relative to gamma radiation, were obtained using four different HCPs beams (150 MeV/u 4He, 400 MeV/u 12C, 490 MeV/u 28Si, and 500 MeV/u 56Fe). The efficiencies were determined as a function of the HCP linear energy transfer (LET). It was observed that the efficiency depends on the type of detector, measurement technique, and the choice of signal. Additionally, it is shown that the shape of the CW-OSL decay curve from Al2O3:C depends on the type of radiation, and, in principle, this can be used to extract information concerning the LET of an unknown radiation field. The response of the dosimeters to low-LET radiation was also investigated for doses in the range from about 1-1000 Gy. These data were used to explain the different efficiency values obtained for the different materials and techniques, as well as the LET dependence of the CW-OSL decay curve shape. c2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Optically stimulated luminescence and thermoluminescence efficiencies for high-energy heavy charged particle irradiation in Al2O3:C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yukihara, E. G.; Gaza, R.; McKeever, S. W. S.; Soares, C. G.

    2004-01-01

    The thermally and optically stimulated luminescence (TL and OSL) response to high energy heavy-charged particles (HCPs) was investigated for two types of Al2O3:C luminescence dosimeters. The OSL signal was measured in both continuous-wave (CW) and pulsed mode. The efficiencies of the HCPs at producing TL or OSL, relative to gamma radiation, were obtained using four different HCPs beams (150 MeV/u 4He, 400 MeV/u 12C, 490 MeV/u 28Si, and 500 MeV/u 56Fe). The efficiencies were determined as a function of the HCP linear energy transfer (LET). It was observed that the efficiency depends on the type of detector, measurement technique, and the choice of signal. Additionally, it is shown that the shape of the CW-OSL decay curve from Al2O3:C depends on the type of radiation, and, in principle, this can be used to extract information concerning the LET of an unknown radiation field. The response of the dosimeters to low-LET radiation was also investigated for doses in the range from about 1-1000 Gy. These data were used to explain the different efficiency values obtained for the different materials and techniques, as well as the LET dependence of the CW-OSL decay curve shape. c2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Localized excitons and defects in PbWO4 single crystals: a luminescence and photo-thermally stimulated disintegration study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krasnikov, A.; Nikl, M.; Zazubovich, S.

    The cover picture refers to the article by Aleksei Krasnikov et al., that was selected as Editor's Choice [1]. It depicts a fragment of a lead tungstate (PbWO4) crystal lattice structure and illustrates the complex anion (WO4)2- tetrahedra bonded to the Pb2+ cation. Perturbation of the (WO4)2- tetrahedra by defects nearby results in exciton localization near the defects and a slightly different emission spectrum, which is shown in the diagram. Localized excitons are evidenced for the first time in the PbWO4 structure. Under selective irradiation of PbWO4 crystals in the ultraviolet spectral region, the decay of various localized excitons into stable defects takes place, which can be detected by a sensitive thermally stimulated luminescence method. Aleksei Krasnikov is a PhD student at the University of Tartu, Estonia. Martin Nikl holds a position as a senior scientist and head of the Laboratory of Luminescence and Scintillation Materials at the Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Svetlana Zazubovich is a senior scientist at the Institute of Physics, University of Tartu. The research groups of Martin Nikl and Svetlana Zazubovich have been collaborating closely for the last 15 years mainly in the field of optical spectroscopy of wide band-gap scintillation materials

  8. Lanthanide upconversion luminescence at the nanoscale: fundamentals and optical properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nadort, Annemarie; Zhao, Jiangbo; Goldys, Ewa M.

    2016-07-01

    Upconversion photoluminescence is a nonlinear effect where multiple lower energy excitation photons produce higher energy emission photons. This fundamentally interesting process has many applications in biomedical imaging, light source and display technology, and solar energy harvesting. In this review we discuss the underlying physical principles and their modelling using rate equations. We discuss how the understanding of photophysical processes enabled a strategic influence over the optical properties of upconversion especially in rationally designed materials. We subsequently present an overview of recent experimental strategies to control and optimize the optical properties of upconversion nanoparticles, focussing on their emission spectral properties and brightness.

  9. SHEDDING NEW LIGHT ON THE AGE OF THE PALOUSE LOESS, SOUTHEASTERN WASHINGTON, USING OPTICALLY STIMULATED LUMINESCENCE DATING OF QUARTZ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roberts, H. M.; Gaylord, D.; Foit, F. F.; Sweeney, M.; Busacca, A. J.

    2009-12-01

    A single-aliquot regenerative-dose (SAR) protocol was applied to fine-silt (4-11 micron), coarse-silt (35-50 micron), and sand-sized (90-125 micron) quartz grains extracted from loess from the Palouse, southeastern Washington. Since its introduction in 2000, this optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating method has been applied to a wide variety of sediments, and has been shown to be robust and reliable. A clearly defined set of quality control checks has been developed to assess the suitability of samples to which this method is applied; if a sample passes these quality checks, then the ages are considered to be reliable. For the Palouse loess samples in this study, the luminescence characteristics of the various size fractions differed, and not all quartz fractions proved to be suitable for OSL dating. The coarse-grain quartz samples appear to be contaminated with feldspar, probably as inclusions within the quartz grains. OSL ages were determined using the 35-50 micron quartz fraction; the OSL signals from both this and the 4-11 micron quartz fraction passed all of the quality control checks associated with determining an accurate and precise quartz SAR OSL age. On the basis on the luminescence characteristics, therefore, the quartz OSL ages generated are believed to be robust and reliable. At some sites within the Palouse Loess region, the quartz OSL ages generated were in agreement with independent age control provided by chemical identification of tephra layers associated with known eruptions. However, at a number of sites the quartz OSL ages and the tephra evidence did not agree. The cause of this discrepancy was unknown, but given the anticipated reliability of the quartz OSL ages, attention turned to re-evaluation and re-analysis of the tephra layers which had originally been sampled and analysed more than 15 years prior to collection of the samples for quartz OSL dating. The chronology at the site was further complicated by two much earlier studies

  10. A study on the near-infrared luminescent properties of xerogel materials doped with dysprosium complexes.

    PubMed

    Feng, Jing; Zhou, Liang; Song, Shu-Yan; Li, Zhe-Feng; Fan, Wei-Qiang; Sun, Li-Ning; Yu, Ying-Ning; Zhang, Hong-Jie

    2009-09-07

    A series of dysprosium complex doped xerogels with the same first ligand (acac = acetylacetone) and different neutral ligands were synthesized in situ via a sol-gel process. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, diffuse reflectance (DR) spectra, and near-infrared (NIR) luminescent properties of dysprosium complexes and dysprosium complex doped xerogels are described in detail. The results reveal that the dysprosium complex is successfully synthesized in situ in the corresponding xerogel. Excitation at the maximum absorption wavelength of the ligands resulted in the characteristic NIR luminescence of the Dy3+ ion, which contributes to the energy transfer from the ligands to the central Dy3+ ion in both the dysprosium complexes and xerogels via an antenna effect. The NIR luminescent properties of the dysprosium complexes and xerogels were compared, respectively. The evidence showed that the neutral ligand triphenyl phosphine oxide (TPPO) could increase the emission intensity of the dysprosium complex while 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) gave the negative effect. In addition, the coordinated water molecules affect the emission intensity of the dysprosium complex doped xerogel without the neutral ligand.

  11. Dose response of commercially available optically stimulated luminescent detector, Al2O3:C for megavoltage photons and electrons.

    PubMed

    Kim, Dong Wook; Chung, Weon Kuu; Shin, Dong Oh; Yoon, Myonggeun; Hwang, Ui-Jung; Rah, Jeong-Eun; Jeong, Hojin; Lee, Sang Yeob; Shin, Dongho; Lee, Se Byeong; Park, Sung Yong

    2012-04-01

    This study examined the dose response of an optically stimulated luminescence dosemeter (OSLD) to megavoltage photon and electron beams. A nanoDot™ dosemeter was used to measure the dose response of the OSLD. Photons of 6-15 MV and electrons of 9-20 MeV were delivered by a Varian 21iX machine (Varian Medical System, Inc. Milpitas, CA, USA). The energy dependency was <1 %. For the 6-MV photons, the dose was linear until 200 cGy. The superficial dose measurements revealed photon irradiation to have an angular dependency. The nanoDot™ dosemeter has potential use as an in vivo dosimetric tool that is independent of the energy, has dose linearity and a rapid response compared with normal in vivo dosimetric tools, such as thermoluminescence detectors. However, the OSLD must be treated very carefully due to the high angular dependency of the photon beam.

  12. Differentiation of natural and synthetic gem-quality diamonds by luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lindblom, Joachim; Hölsä, Jorma; Papunen, Heikki; Häkkänen, Heikki; Mutanen, Jarkko

    2003-10-01

    Laser-excited time-resolved and UV-excited static photoluminescence (PL) as well as cathodoluminescence (CL) techniques were applied to identify the origin of diamonds. Samples represented natural faced and rough diamonds from diamond market and different kimberlites as well as the most common high pressure-high temperature (HPHT) and as-grown synthetic diamonds. The time-resolved PL spectra of natural and synthetic diamonds display clear mutual differences. The static PL and CL spectra of natural diamonds revealed emission bands caused by complex nitrogen-vacancy (N-V)-aggregates whereas the bands of synthetic diamonds reflect simple N-V-aggregates and nickel-containing defects. The luminescence properties depended on the excitation method and also changed during the excitation. The study of PL colors revealed information about the emission distribution of the PL spectra giving possibilities for future applications. The results indicated the sensitivity of luminescence techniques and revealed interesting structural information about diamond materials.

  13. Luminescent properties of Ln3+ doped tellurite glasses containing AlF3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walas, Michalina; Pastwa, Agata; Lewandowski, Tomasz; Synak, Anna; Gryczyński, Ignacy; Sadowski, Wojciech; Kościelska, Barbara

    2016-09-01

    The low-phonon energy tellurite glasses TeO2-BaO-Bi2O3 and TeO2-BaO-Bi2O3-AlF3 triply doped with Eu3+, Tb3+, Tm3+ ions in two different molar ratios were synthesized using melt-quenching technique. Their structure and luminescence properties were widely investigated by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy (PL). The luminescence spectra of Eu3+, Tb3+, Tm3+ co-doped glasses show apart of the bands corresponding to the 4f-4f transitions of lanthanide ions also band corresponding to glass matrix. AlF3 doping increases emission intensity, although to improve overall emission color further studies on molar composition of samples and the molar ratio of the components should be carried out.

  14. Synthesis and Luminescence Properties of Transparent Nanocrystalline GdF3:Tb Glass-Ceramic Scintillator

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Gyuhyon; Savage, Nicholas; Wagner, Brent; Zhang, Yuelan; Jacobs, Benjamin; Menkara, Hisham; Summers, Christopher; Kang, Zhitao

    2014-01-01

    Transparent glass-ceramic containing rare-earth doped halide nanocrystals exhibits enhanced luminescence performance. In this study, a glass-ceramic with Tb doped gadolinium fluoride nanocrystals embedded in an aluminosilicate glass matrix is investigated for X-ray imaging applications. The nanocrystalline glass-ceramic scintillator was prepared by a melt-quench method followed by an anneal. The GdF3:Tb nanocrystals precipitated within the oxide glass matrix during the processing and their luminescence and scintillation properties were investigated. In this nanocomposite scintillator system, the incorporation of high atomic number Gd compound into the glass matrix increases the X-ray stopping power of the glass scintillator, and effective energy transfer between Gd3+ and Tb3+ ions in the nanocrystals enhances the scintillation efficiency. PMID:24610960

  15. Highly uniform Gd2O3 hollow microspheres: template-directed synthesis and luminescence properties.

    PubMed

    Jia, Guang; You, Hongpeng; Liu, Kai; Zheng, Yuhua; Guo, Ning; Zhang, Hongjie

    2010-04-06

    Well-dispersed, uniform Gd(2)O(3) hollow microspheres have been successfully fabricated via a urea-based homogeneous precipitation method in the presence of colloidal melamine formaldehyde (MF) microspheres as templates, followed by subsequent heat treatment. The main process was carried out under aqueous conditions without any organic solvents, surfactants, or etching agents. The as-obtained Gd(2)O(3) microspheres with a spherical shape and hollow structure are uniform in size and distribution, and the thickness of the shell is about 200 nm. The lanthanide ion (Ln(3+))-doped Gd(2)O(3) hollow microspheres exhibit bright down- and upconversion luminescence with different colors coming from different activator ions under ultraviolet or 980 nm light excitation, which might find potential applications in fields such as drug delivery or biological labeling because of their excellent dispersing and luminescence properties. Furthermore, this synthesis route may be of great significance in the preparation of other hollow spherical materials.

  16. Surface contamination detection by means of near-infrared stimulation of thermal luminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Carrieri, Arthur H.; Roese, Erik S

    2006-02-01

    A method for remotely detecting liquid chemical contamination on terrestrial surfaces is presented. Concurrent to irradiation by an absorbing near-infrared beam, the subject soil medium liberates radiance called thermal luminescence (TL) comprising middle-infrared energies (numir) that is scanned interferometrically in beam duration tau. Cyclic states of absorption and emission by the contaminant surrogate are rendered from a sequential differential-spectrum measurement [deltaS(numir,tau)] of the scanned TL. Detection of chemical warfare agent simulant wetting soil is performed in this manner, for example, through pattern recognition of its unique, thermally dynamic, molecular vibration resonance bands on display in the deltaS(numir,tau) metric.

  17. Spherical Lu2O2S:Eu3+ micro/nano-structure: Controlled synthesis and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Bowen; Zou, Haifeng; Dai, Yunzhi; Guan, Hongxia; Song, Yanhua; Zheng, Keyan; Zhou, Xiuqing; Shi, Zhan; Sheng, Ye

    2017-02-01

    Monodisperse and uniform Lu2O2S:Eu3+ luminescent spheres have been successfully synthesized through a facile hydrothermal method followed by a subsequent calcination process. The sizes of the spheres can be tuned in the range of 65 nm-295 nm by only changing the pH value of the system. It is indicated that the luminescence properties of the spherical phosphors were strongly influenced by size of the spheres. Such a size-sensitive luminescence property was interpreted from the structures of the spheres, including the degree of crystallinity, band gap energy, crystal field symmetry around Eu3+. We expected that this study not only can provide important information for size-controlled synthesis of spherical phosphors, but also can give a reference for exploration of size-dependent luminescence.

  18. Comparison of the luminescent properties of LuAG:Pr nanopowders, crystals and films using synchrotron radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorbenko, V.; Zych, E.; Voznyak, T.; Nizankovskiy, S.; Zorenko, T.; Zorenko, Yu.

    2017-04-01

    Comparison of the luminescent properties of nanopowder, single crystal and single crystalline film of Pr3+ doped Pr-doped Lu3Al5O12 garnet (LuAG:Pr) prepared by the different technological methods is performed in this work using the time-resolved emission spectroscopy under excitation by synchrotron radiation with an energy of 3.7-25 eV at 300 K and 10 K. The notable differences in the properties of the Pr3+ luminescence are observed in LuAG:Pr crystals and films caused by involving the LuAl antisite defects and oxygen vacancies in crystals and Pb2+ flux related dopant in films in the excitation processes of the Pr3+ luminescence. At the same time, we have also found that the influence of host defects on the Pr3+ luminescence is significantly smaller in the LuAG:Pr nanopowders.

  19. Time-evolving photo-induced changes of luminescent and spectral properties of PbS quantum dots sols

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evstropiev, S. K.; Kislyakov, I. M.; Bagrov, I. V.; Belousova, I. M.; Kiselev, V. M.

    2016-05-01

    Light irradiation influence on spectral and luminescent properties of PbS sol, stabilized by high-molecular polyvinylpyrrolidone, was studied as a time-evolving process. Uniform and stable for at least three months PbS/PVP suspensions were obtained with an average quantum dots size of 4 nm. Photoluminescent spectra of the suspensions showed wide intensive emission at 1000-1400 nm upon excitation by visible light. Luminescence intensities of all the suspensions demonstrate nonlinear dependences on the exciting radiation intensity. Experimental results show that light irradiation during luminescence measurements even with low excitation power density can significantly change luminescent and spectral properties of PbS quantum dots. The dependences found can be useful in preparation of a variety of quantum dots-containing photonics materials.

  20. Ti:Sapphire micro-structures by femtosecond laser inscription: Guiding and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ren, Yingying; Jiao, Yang; Vázquez de Aldana, Javier R.; Chen, Feng

    2016-08-01

    We report on the fabrication of buried cladding waveguides with different diameters in a Ti:Sapphire crystal by femtosecond laser inscription. The propagation properties are studied, showing that the cladding waveguides could support near- to mid-infrared waveguiding at both TE and TM polarizations. Confocal micro-photoluminescence experiments reveal that the original fluorescence properties in the waveguide region are very well preserved, while it suffers from a strong quenching at the centers of laser induced filaments. Broadband waveguide fluorescence emissions with high efficiency are realized, indicating the application of the cladding waveguides in Ti:Sapphire as compact broadband luminescence sources in biomedical fields.

  1. Synthetic Aspects and Electro-Optical Properties of Fluorinated Arylenevinylenes for Luminescence and Photovoltaics

    PubMed Central

    Martinelli, Carmela; Farinola, Gianluca M.; Pinto, Vita; Cardone, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    In this review, the main synthetic aspects and properties of fluorinated arylenevinylene compounds, both oligomers and polymers, are summarized and analyzed. Starting from vinyl organotin derivatives and aryl halides, the Stille cross-coupling reaction has been successfully applied as a versatile synthetic protocol to prepare a wide series of π-conjugated compounds, selectively fluorinated on the aromatic and/or vinylene units. The impact of fluoro-functionalization on properties, the solid state organization and intermolecular interactions of the synthesized compounds are discussed, also in comparison with the non-fluorinated counterparts. Luminescent and photovoltaic applications are also discussed, highlighting the role of fluorine on the performance of devices. PMID:28809206

  2. Fabrication and characterization of dual-functional ultrafine composite fibers with phase-change energy storage and luminescence properties.

    PubMed

    Xi, Peng; Zhao, Tianxiang; Xia, Lei; Shu, Dengkun; Ma, Menjiao; Cheng, Bowen

    2017-01-09

    Ultrafine composite fibers consisting of a thermoplastic polyurethane solid-solid phase-change material and organic lanthanide luminescent materials were prepared through a parallel electrospinning technique as an innovative type of ultrafine, dual-functional fibers containing phase-change and luminescent properties. The morphology and structure, thermal energy storage, and luminescent properties of parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers possessed the desired morphologies with smaller average fiber diameters than those of traditional mixed electrospun ultrafine fibers. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images revealed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were composed of two parts. Polymeric phase-change materials, which can be directly produced and spun, were used to provide temperature stability, while a mixture of polymethyl methacrylate and an organic lanthanide complex acted as the luminescent unit. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and luminescence measurements indicated that the unique structure of the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers provides the products with good thermal energy storage and luminescence properties. The fluorescence intensity and the phase-change enthalpy values of the ultrafine fibers prepared by parallel electrospinning were respectively 1.6 and 2.1 times those of ultrafine fibers prepared by mixed electrospinning.

  3. Fabrication and characterization of dual-functional ultrafine composite fibers with phase-change energy storage and luminescence properties

    PubMed Central

    Xi, Peng; Zhao, Tianxiang; Xia, Lei; Shu, Dengkun; Ma, Menjiao; Cheng, Bowen

    2017-01-01

    Ultrafine composite fibers consisting of a thermoplastic polyurethane solid-solid phase-change material and organic lanthanide luminescent materials were prepared through a parallel electrospinning technique as an innovative type of ultrafine, dual-functional fibers containing phase-change and luminescent properties. The morphology and structure, thermal energy storage, and luminescent properties of parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers possessed the desired morphologies with smaller average fiber diameters than those of traditional mixed electrospun ultrafine fibers. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images revealed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were composed of two parts. Polymeric phase-change materials, which can be directly produced and spun, were used to provide temperature stability, while a mixture of polymethyl methacrylate and an organic lanthanide complex acted as the luminescent unit. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and luminescence measurements indicated that the unique structure of the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers provides the products with good thermal energy storage and luminescence properties. The fluorescence intensity and the phase-change enthalpy values of the ultrafine fibers prepared by parallel electrospinning were respectively 1.6 and 2.1 times those of ultrafine fibers prepared by mixed electrospinning. PMID:28067299

  4. Fabrication and characterization of dual-functional ultrafine composite fibers with phase-change energy storage and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xi, Peng; Zhao, Tianxiang; Xia, Lei; Shu, Dengkun; Ma, Menjiao; Cheng, Bowen

    2017-01-01

    Ultrafine composite fibers consisting of a thermoplastic polyurethane solid-solid phase-change material and organic lanthanide luminescent materials were prepared through a parallel electrospinning technique as an innovative type of ultrafine, dual-functional fibers containing phase-change and luminescent properties. The morphology and structure, thermal energy storage, and luminescent properties of parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers possessed the desired morphologies with smaller average fiber diameters than those of traditional mixed electrospun ultrafine fibers. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images revealed that the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers were composed of two parts. Polymeric phase-change materials, which can be directly produced and spun, were used to provide temperature stability, while a mixture of polymethyl methacrylate and an organic lanthanide complex acted as the luminescent unit. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and luminescence measurements indicated that the unique structure of the parallel electrospun ultrafine fibers provides the products with good thermal energy storage and luminescence properties. The fluorescence intensity and the phase-change enthalpy values of the ultrafine fibers prepared by parallel electrospinning were respectively 1.6 and 2.1 times those of ultrafine fibers prepared by mixed electrospinning.

  5. Studies of LSO:Tb radio-luminescence properties using white beam hard X-ray synchrotron irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecilia, A.; Rack, A.; Pelliccia, D.; Douissard, P.-A.; Martin, T.; Couchaud, M.; Dupré, K.; Baumbach, T.

    A radio-luminescence set-up was installed at the synchrotron light source ANKA to characterise scintillators under the high X-ray photon flux density of white beam synchrotron radiation. The system allows for investigating the radio-luminescence spectrum of the material under study as well as analysing in situ changes of its scintillation behaviour (e.g. under heat load and/or intensive ionising radiation). In this work we applied the radio-luminescence set-up for investigating the radiation damage effects on the luminescence properties of a new kind of thin single crystal scintillator for high resolution X-ray imaging based on a layer of modified Lu2SiO5 grown by liquid phase epitaxy on a dedicated substrate within the framework of an EC project (SCINTAX).

  6. Thermally-assisted optically stimulated luminescence from deep electron traps in α-Al2O3:C,Mg

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalita, J. M.; Chithambo, M. L.; Polymeris, G. S.

    2017-07-01

    We report thermally-assisted optically stimulated luminescence (TA-OSL) in α-Al2O3:C,Mg. The OSL was measured at elevated temperatures between 50 and 240 °C from a sample preheated to 500 °C after irradiation to 100 Gy. That OSL could be measured even after the preheating is direct evidence of the existence of deep electron traps in α-Al2O3:C,Mg. The TA-OSL intensity goes through a peak with measurement temperature. The initial increase is ascribed to thermal assistance to optical stimulation whereas the subsequent decrease in intensity is deduced to reflect increasing incidences of non-radiative recombination, that is, thermal quenching. The activation energy for thermal assistance corresponding to a deep electron trap was estimated as 0.667 ± 0.006 eV whereas the activation energy for thermal quenching was calculated as 0.90 ± 0.04 eV. The intensity of the TA-OSL was also found to increase with irradiation dose. The dose response is sublinear from 25 to 150 Gy but saturates with further increase of dose. The TA-OSL dose response has been discussed by considering the competition for charges at the deep traps. This study incidentally shows that TA-OSL can be effectively used in dosimetry involving large doses.

  7. Research on the spectral properties of luminescent carbon dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Li-ping; Wang, Xin-Xing; Lin, Shao-Qin; Zhang, Li-Hong; Lin, Chang-Qing; Li, Zhi-Ming; Liu, Jia-Ming

    This paper is trying to research the developing status of carbon dots (CDs), and the results show that the simple, rapid and high yield synthetic methods for CDs and the application of CDs in biological science and analysis field will certainly become an inevitable development trend in the future. The CDs obtained by microwave possess excellent optical properties including UV-Vis absorption, fluorescence and room temperature phosphorescence. Under the conditions of 30 °C and 10 min, the fluorescence signal (F) of CDs not only could be enhanced by hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), Triton X-100, Na2S, Na2C2O4 and NH3.H2O, but also could be quenched by sodium dodecyl sulfate, KBrO3, K2S2O8, NaIO4, ascorbic acid, NaBH4, HNO3, HCl, H2SO4, CH3COOH and most metal ions, with the λemmax blue or red shifting in varying degrees, indicating the potential values of CDs in analytical application. Besides, the sensitive response of F to pH showed the promise of developing a new pH sensor with CDs.

  8. Morphological, luminescence and structural properties of nanocrystalline silicon thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Ali, Atif Mossad; Kobayashi, Hikaru; Inokuma, Takao; Al-Hajry, Ali

    2013-03-15

    Highlights: ► The PL spectra showed two stronger peaks and one weaker peak. ► The PL peak energies and optical band-gap values were found higher than 1.12 eV. ► The structural change from an amorphous to nanocrystalline with increasing [SiH{sub 4}]. - Abstract: Nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si) thin films deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition at various silane flow rates ([SiH{sub 4}]) are studied. The characterization of these films by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction reveals that no film and very thin film is deposited at [SiH{sub 4}] = 0.0 and 0.1 sccm, respectively. In addition, the structural change from an amorphous to a nanocrystalline phase occurs at around [SiH{sub 4}] = 0.2 sccm. In this study, the importance of arriving species at surfaces and precursors is clearly demonstrated by the effect of a small addition of SiH{sub 4} on the frequency and width of a Raman peak and the structure of the grown film. The infrared spectroscopic analysis shows no hydrogen incorporation in the nc-Si film deposited at the low value of [SiH{sub 4}]. However, the intensity of the peak around 2100 cm{sup −1} due to SiH decreases with increasing [SiH{sub 4}]. All fabricated films give photoluminescence in the range between 1.7 and 2.4 eV at room temperature, indicating enlargement of the band-gap energy. The presence of very small crystallites leads to the appearance of quantum confinement effects. The variations of the photoluminescence energy and spectral width are well correlated with the structural properties of the films such as crystallite size, crystalline volume fraction, and the density of Si-H bonds.

  9. Spectral and temporal luminescent properties of Eu(III) in humic substance solutions from different origins.

    PubMed

    Brevet, Julien; Claret, Francis; Reiller, Pascal E

    2009-10-01

    Although a high heterogeneity of composition is awaited for humic substances, their complexation properties do not seem to greatly depend on their origins. The information on the difference in the structure of these complexes is scarce. To participate in the filling of this lack, a study of the spectral and temporal evolution of the Eu(III) luminescence implied in humic substance (HS) complexes is presented. Seven different extracts, namely Suwannee River fulvic acid (SRFA) and humic acid (SRHA), and Leonardite HA (LHA) from the International Humic Substances Society (USA), humic acid from Gorleben (GohyHA), and from the Kleiner Kranichsee bog (KFA, KHA) from Germany, and purified commercial Aldrich HA (PAHA), were made to contact with Eu(III). Eu(III)-HS time-resolved luminescence properties were compared with aqueous Eu(3+) at pH 5. Using an excitation wavelength of 394 nm, the typical bi-exponential luminescence decay for Eu(III)-HS complexes is common to all the samples. The components tau(1) and tau(2) are in the same order of magnitude for all the samples, i.e., 40 luminescent properties of Eu(III) within each group. The (5)D(0) --> (7)F(2) transition exhibits the most striking differences. A slight blue shift is observed compared to aqueous Eu(3+) (lambda(max) = 615.4 nm), and the humic samples share almost the same lambda(max) approximately 614.5 nm. The main differences between the samples reside in a shoulder around lambda approximately 612.5 nm, modelled by a mixed Gaussian-Lorentzian band around lambda approximately 612 nm. SRFA shows the most intense shoulder with an intensity ratio of I(612.5)/I(614.7) = 1.1, KFA

  10. Luminescence properties of Lu2O3: Tb film prepared by Pechini sol-gel method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Siqing; Wang, Jian; Xu, Zhibin; Xie, Jianjun; Shi, Ying

    2011-02-01

    Uniform and crack free Tb3+ doped lutetium oxide (Lu2O3:Tb) films were prepared by Pechini sol-gel method combined with the spin-coating technique. The influence of the different substrate (monocrystalline silicon (111) and silica glass) and atmosphere (N2 and Air) on the luminescence properties of films was investigated. According to the emission spectra, we found that the luminous intensity was higher on silica glass substrate. Moreover, it was found that the luminous intensity calcined in N2 was higher almost twice as that calcined in air.

  11. Luminescence properties of Lu2O3: Tb film prepared by Pechini sol-gel method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Siqing; Wang, Jian; Xu, Zhibin; Xie, Jianjun; Shi, Ying

    2010-10-01

    Uniform and crack free Tb3+ doped lutetium oxide (Lu2O3:Tb) films were prepared by Pechini sol-gel method combined with the spin-coating technique. The influence of the different substrate (monocrystalline silicon (111) and silica glass) and atmosphere (N2 and Air) on the luminescence properties of films was investigated. According to the emission spectra, we found that the luminous intensity was higher on silica glass substrate. Moreover, it was found that the luminous intensity calcined in N2 was higher almost twice as that calcined in air.

  12. Luminescence and structural properties of RbGdS2 compounds doped by rare earth elements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarý, V.; Havlák, L.; Bárta, J.; Mihóková, E.; Nikl, M.

    2013-04-01

    Rare earth elements (Pr, Ce) doped ternary sulfides of formula RbGd1-xRExS2 were synthesized in the form of crystalline hexagonal platelets by chemical reaction under the flow of hydrogen sulfide. The X-ray powder diffraction detected only a single crystalline phase of rhombohedral lattice system. Optical properties of studied systems are investigated by methods of time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy. Thermal stability of the Pr3+ emission is demonstrated. Application potential in the white light-emitting diode solid state lighting or X-ray phosphors is discussed.

  13. Spectral and temporal luminescent properties of Eu(III) in humic substance solutions from different origins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brevet, Julien; Claret, Francis; Reiller, Pascal E.

    2009-10-01

    Although a high heterogeneity of composition is awaited for humic substances, their complexation properties do not seem to greatly depend on their origins. The information on the difference in the structure of these complexes is scarce. To participate in the filling of this lack, a study of the spectral and temporal evolution of the Eu(III) luminescence implied in humic substance (HS) complexes is presented. Seven different extracts, namely Suwannee River fulvic acid (SRFA) and humic acid (SRHA), and Leonardite HA (LHA) from the International Humic Substances Society (USA), humic acid from Gorleben (GohyHA), and from the Kleiner Kranichsee bog (KFA, KHA) from Germany, and purified commercial Aldrich HA (PAHA), were made to contact with Eu(III). Eu(III)-HS time-resolved luminescence properties were compared with aqueous Eu 3+ at pH 5. Using an excitation wavelength of 394 nm, the typical bi-exponential luminescence decay for Eu(III)-HS complexes is common to all the samples. The components τ1 and τ2 are in the same order of magnitude for all the samples, i.e., 40 ≤ τ1 (μs) ≤ 60, and 145 ≤ τ2 (μs) ≤ 190, but significantly different. It is shown that different spectra are obtained from the different groups of samples. Terrestrial extract on the one hand, i.e. LHA/GohyHA, plus PAHA, and purely aquatic extracts on the other hand, i.e., SRFA/SRHA/KFA/KHA, induce inner coherent luminescent properties of Eu(III) within each group. The 5D 0 → 7F 2 transition exhibits the most striking differences. A slight blue shift is observed compared to aqueous Eu 3+ ( λmax = 615.4 nm), and the humic samples share almost the same λmax ≈ 614.5 nm. The main differences between the samples reside in a shoulder around λ ≈ 612.5 nm, modelled by a mixed Gaussian-Lorentzian band around λ ≈ 612 nm. SRFA shows the most intense shoulder with an intensity ratio of I612.5/ I614.7 = 1.1, KFA/KHA/SRHA share almost the same ratio I612.5/ I614.7 = 1.2-1.3, whilst the LHA

  14. Luminescent and scintillation properties of YAG:Tm and YAG:Ce,Tm single crystalline films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zorenko, Yu.; Gorbenko, V.; Savchyn, V.; Suchocki, A.; Wrzesinski, H.; Walczyk, K.; Fabisiak, K.; Bilski, P.; Twardak, A.

    2014-08-01

    The paper is dedicated to studying the luminescent and scintillation properties of the single crystalline films (SCF) of Tm and Tm-Ce doped Y3Al5O12 garnets grown by the liquid phase epitaxy method. We have found that the effective Tm → Ce energy transfer is observed in YAG:Ce,Tm SCF. As a result of such transfer, the scintillation light yield of YAG:Ce,Tm SCF under α-particles excitation can be large in comparison with YAG:Ce SCF counterpart.

  15. Supramolecular assembly of borate with quaternary ammonium: Crystal structure and tunable luminescent properties

    SciTech Connect

    Liang, Jie; Wang, Yong-gang; Wang, Ying-xia; Liao, Fu-hui; Lin, Jian-hua

    2013-04-15

    A new borate [C{sub 6}H{sub 16}N][B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}] (1) is synthesized hydrothermally by the reaction of isopropyltrimethylammonium hydroxide with boric acid. It crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 with the parameters a=9.1578(10) Å, b=9.372(9) Å, c=9.9812(10) Å, α=66.508(2)°, β=74.751(2)°, γ=81.893(2)°. The [B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}]{sup −} anions are interlinked via hydrogen bonding forming a 3D supramolecular network containing large cavities, where reside the (CH{sub 3}){sub 3}(i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}) N{sup +} cations. This borate shows tunable luminescent properties with temperature, heating-treatment, exciting-light, and solvents. The fluorescent intensity of 1 enhances 6-fold with decreasing the temperature from 25 K to 78 K. By treatment under different temperatures, the luminescence of 1 shifted from blue to white and the sample treated at 230 °C emits bright white light to naked eyes. The hybrid borate can disperse in different solvents, and shows a red-shifted and intense emission in polar solvents. - Graphical abstract: The new quaternary ammonium borate [C{sub 6}H{sub 17}N][B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}] contains a 3D supramolecular network formed by hydrogen bond linked [B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}]{sup −} anions and shows tunable luminescent properties with temperature, excitation light, and solvents. Highlights: ► A novel quaternary ammonium borate was synthesized. ► It possesses a supramolecular network fomed by H-bonded [B{sub 5}O{sub 6}(OH){sub 4}]{sup −} anions. ► This borate shows tunable luminescent properties with temperature, heating treatment, excitation light, and solvents.

  16. Concentration dependent luminescence properties of Dy3+ doped lead free zinc phosphate glasses for visible applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reddy Prasad, V.; Babu, S.; Ratnakaram, Y. C.

    2016-10-01

    Dysprosium (Dy3+) doped lead free zinc phosphate glasses with chemical compositions (60 - x) NH4H2PO4 + 20ZnO + 10BaF2 + 10NaF + xDy2O3 (where x = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 mol%) have been prepared by melt quenching technique. The functional groups of vibrational bands have been assigned and clearly elucidated by FTIR and Raman spectral profiles for all these glass samples. Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters (Ωλ: λ = 2, 4, 6) have been obtained from spectral intensities of different absorption bands of Dy3+ doped glasses. Radiative properties such as radiative transition probabilities ( A R ), radiative lifetimes ( τ R ), branching ratios ( β R ) and integrated absorption cross-sections ( Σ) for different excited states are calculated by using J-O parameters. Luminescence spectra exhibit three emission bands (from 4F9/2 level to 6H15/2, 6H13/2 and 6H11/2) for all the concentrations of Dy3+ ions before and after gamma irradiation. Various luminescence properties have been studied by varying the Dy3+ concentration for the three spectral profiles. Fluorescence decay curves of 4F9/2 level have been recorded. The energy transfer mechanism that leads to quenching of 4F9/2 state lifetime has been discussed by the variation of Dy3+ concentration. These glasses are expected to be useful for yellow luminescent materials.

  17. Optically stimulated luminescence age controls on late Pleistocene and Holocene coastal lithosomes, North Carolina, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mallinson, D.; Burdette, K.; Mahan, S.; Brook, G.

    2008-01-01

    Luminescence ages from a variety of coastal features on the North Carolina Coastal Plain provide age control for shoreline formation and relative sea-level position during the late Pleistocene. A series of paleoshoreline ridges, dating to Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5a and MIS 3 have been defined. The Kitty Hawk beach ridges, on the modern Outer Banks, yield ages of 3 to 2??ka. Oxygen-isotope data are used to place these deposits in the context of global climate and sea-level change. The occurrence of MIS 5a and MIS 3 shorelines suggests that glacio-isostatic adjustment (GIA) of the study area is large (ca. 22 to 26??m), as suggested and modeled by other workers, and/or MIS 3 sea level was briefly higher than suggested by some coral reef studies. Correcting the shoreline elevations for GIA brings their elevation in line with other sea-level indicators. The age of the Kitty Hawk beach ridges places the Holocene shoreline well west of its present location at ca. 3 to 2??ka. The age of shoreline progradation is consistent with the ages of other beach ridge complexes in the southeast USA, suggesting some regionally contemporaneous forcing mechanism. ?? 2007 University of Washington.

  18. Synthesis, characterization and luminescent properties of new highly luminescent organic ligand and complexes of trivalent rare earth.

    PubMed

    Xi, Peng; Gu, XiaoHua; Chen, CaoFeng; He, YuXian; Huang, XiangAn

    2007-03-01

    A novel ligand with two carboxylic groups has been synthesized. The composition and structure of the ligand were characterized by IR, (1)H NMR and MS spectrometry. The highly luminescent intensity complexes were prepared with the ligand and phen. The IR, solid state (13)C NMR and fluorescent spectra of the complex were studied. IR absorption spectra indicate that the ligand is coordinated to the Eu(3+) ion, and chemical bonds are formed between Eu(3+) ion and nitrogen atoms of phen. The fluorescent spectra illustrate that the complex has an excellent luminescence, indicating the ligand favors energy transfer to the emitting energy level of Eu(3+). The influences of pH and reaction solvent on the fluorescence intensity of the complex were also discussed.

  19. Optical filtering and luminescence property of some molybdates prepared by combustion synthesis

    SciTech Connect

    Yadav, P. J.; Joshi, C. P.; Moharil, S. V.

    2014-10-15

    As an important class of lanthanide inorganic compounds, rare earth ions doped molybdates have gained much attention due to their attractive luminescence and structural properties, supporting various promising applications as phosphor materials in the fields such as white light-emitting diodes, optical fibers, biolabel, lasers, and so on. The molybdate family has promising trivalent cation conducting properties and most of the optical properties result from electron transitions of the 4f shell, which are greatly affected by the composition and structures of rare-earth compounds. In this paper we report the molybdate CaMoO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} for red SSL and Bi{sub 1.4}Y{sub 0.6}MoO{sub 6}, Y{sub 6}MoO{sub 12} for optical filtering, prepared by one step combustion synthesis.

  20. Optical filtering and luminescence property of some molybdates prepared by combustion synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yadav, P. J.; Joshi, C. P.; Moharil, S. V.

    2014-10-01

    As an important class of lanthanide inorganic compounds, rare earth ions doped molybdates have gained much attention due to their attractive luminescence and structural properties, supporting various promising applications as phosphor materials in the fields such as white light-emitting diodes, optical fibers, biolabel, lasers, and so on. The molybdate family has promising trivalent cation conducting properties and most of the optical properties result from electron transitions of the 4f shell, which are greatly affected by the composition and structures of rare-earth compounds. In this paper we report the molybdate CaMoO4:Eu3+ for red SSL and Bi1.4Y0.6MoO6, Y6MoO12 for optical filtering, prepared by one step combustion synthesis.

  1. Correlation between the different therapeutic properties of Chinese medicinal herbs and delayed luminescence.

    PubMed

    Pang, Jingxiang; Fu, Jialei; Yang, Meina; Zhao, Xiaolei; van Wijk, Eduard; Wang, Mei; Fan, Hua; Han, Jinxiang

    2016-03-01

    In the practice and principle of Chinese medicine, herbal materials are classified according to their therapeutic properties. 'Cold' and 'heat' are the most important classes of Chinese medicinal herbs according to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In this work, delayed luminescence (DL) was measured for different samples of Chinese medicinal herbs using a sensitive photon multiplier detection system. A comparison of DL parameters, including mean intensity and statistic entropy, was undertaken to discriminate between the 'cold' and 'heat' properties of Chinese medicinal herbs. The results suggest that there are significant differences in mean intensity and statistic entropy and using this method combined with statistical analysis may provide novel parameters for the characterization of Chinese medicinal herbs in relation to their energetic properties. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  2. Statistical properties of ionospheric stimulated electromagnetic emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karlsson, R. L.; Carozzi, T. D.; Norin, L.; Bergman, J. E. S.; Thidé, B.

    2006-08-01

    We have analysed the statistical properties of the stimulated electromagnetic emissions (SEE) spectral features in the steady state, reached after a long period of continuous HF pumping of the ionosphere in experiments performed at the Sura ionospheric radio research facility in Russia. Using a digital filter bank method, we have been able to analyse complex valued signals within narrow frequency bands. Each of the SEE spectral features are thereby separated into a number of narrow spectral components. Statistical tests were performed for all these spectral components and the distributions of the spectral amplitudes and phases were evaluated. Also, a test for sinusoidal components was performed. These tests showed that all observed SEE features were indistinguishable from coloured Gaussian noise. The test results exclude that the SEE features can be the result of a single isolated coherent process, but does not rule out that there could be many statistically independent parametric wave-wave processes taking place simultaneously at various parts of the HF-pumped ionosphere, as long as the superposition from all these is incoherent. Furthermore, from the test results, we cannot exclude the possibility that the waveforms of some, or all, of the SEE features may be chaotic.

  3. Synthesis and Thermally Stimulated Luminescence of Polycrystalline Sr{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}

    SciTech Connect

    Dubovik, M.F.; Korshikova, T.I.; Parkhomenko, S.V.; Tolmachev, A.V.

    2005-12-15

    Specific features of the solid-phase synthesis of Sr{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}B{sub 4}O{sub 7} (x 0-0.15) in air are studied. The photo- and thermally stimulated luminescence of Sr{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}B{sub 4}O{sub 7} is investigated in the range of Eu content 0.01 < x < 0.15. The main energy parameters of traps are determined. It is shown that the peak of thermally stimulated luminescence at T = 380 K can be related to the decomposition and radiative relaxation of the [Eu{sup 3+}{sub Sr{sup 2}{sup +}} F{sup +} center] pair.

  4. Luminescence and scintillation properties of Cs3BiCl6 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimizu, Makoto; Koshimizu, Masanori; Fujimoto, Yutaka; Yanagida, Takayuki; Ono, Shingo; Asai, Keisuke

    2016-11-01

    The optical and scintillation properties of Cs3BiCl6 single crystals were characterized, and absorption properties were investigated for thin films. The thin films showed two absorption bands at ∼220 nm and 330 nm; these bands can be attributed to the 1A1g → 1T1u and 1A1g → 3T1u transitions of Bi3+ ions, respectively. A luminescence band was observed at ∼390 nm in the photoluminescence spectra; this band can be attributed to the 3T1u → 1A1g transition of Bi3+ ions. In the X-ray-induced radioluminescence spectrum, in addition to the luminescence band at 390 nm, another band was observed at 600-700 nm; this band was tentatively attributed to the radiative recombination of self-trapped excitons. The decay-time constants of photoluminescence and scintillation decay were of the order of nanoseconds. The scintillation light yield was 800 photons/MeV. The results indicate that Cs3BiCl6 has a fast scintillation decay and a relatively poor light yield.

  5. Luminescence properties of rare earth and transition metal ions doped potassium lead borophosphate glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leong, P. M.; Eeu, T. Y.; Leow, T. Q.; Hussin, R.; Ibrahim, Z.

    2013-05-01

    A series of potassium lead borophosphate glass doped with rare earth and transition metal ions were fabricated using melt-quenching method without annealing process. With the composition of glass 0.15K2O-0.15PbO-0.35B2O3-0.5P2O5 as host doped with 0.01 mole % of neodymium oxide, iron oxide, yttrium oxide, and titanium oxide as activator and different composition were used to investigate the luminescence effect by using Photoluminescence Spectroscopy and UV-Vis (Ultraviolet-Visible) spectrophotometer. By exciting the samples at different wavelength (200-900 nm), the excitation and emission profile were obtained and analyzed to study the energy transfer process. By referring to the spectra obtained, selected samples were also codoped among each other to obtain desired luminescence properties. UV-Visible spectroscopy results revealed the absorption and transmission wavelength of samples for targeted application as a selected band filter. Physical properties such as chemical stability and color of the samples were also recorded to correlate with PL and UV-Vis result. Certain rare earth activated samples displayed slight coloring under the visible wavelength especially Nd2+ ions doped samples displayed slight purplish.

  6. Fabrication and luminescent properties of highly transparent Er3Al5O12 ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Song; Qin, Xianpeng; Liu, Xiaoxia; Zhou, Guohong; Lu, Chunhua; Wang, Shiwei; Xu, Zhongzi

    2017-09-01

    Highly transparent Er3Al5O12 (ErAG) ceramic was fabricated by a solid-state reactive sintering method under vacuum. The optical property, microstructure and up-conversion luminescence of the ErAG ceramic were investigated. For the 3 mm thick sample, the in-line transmittance at the wavelength of 3000 nm and 425 nm were about 84% and 81%, respectively, which was very close to the theoretical transmittance of the Er3Al5O12 single crystal. Micrograph of the ErAG transparent ceramic exhibited a pore-free structure and the density of the ceramic was measured to be 6.38 g/cm3. Average grain size of the ceramic was about 9 μm. When pumped by a 980 nm laser diodes (LD), strong green and red emission in the ErAG ceramic was observed from the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum. The luminescent properties of the ceramic under the excitation of LD with various pumping power were investigated.

  7. New Luminescent Polynuclear Metal Complexes with Anticancer Properties: Toward Structure-Activity Relationships.

    PubMed

    Wenzel, Margot; de Almeida, Andreia; Bigaeva, Emilia; Kavanagh, Paul; Picquet, Michel; Le Gendre, Pierre; Bodio, Ewen; Casini, Angela

    2016-03-07

    A series of new heterodinuclear luminescent complexes with two different organic ligands have been synthesized and characterized. A luminescent Ru(II)(polypyridine) moiety and a metal-based anticancer fragment (AuCl, (p-cymene)RuCl2, (p-cymene)OsCl2, (Cp*)RhCl2, or Au-thioglucose) are the two general features of these complexes. All of the bimetallic compounds have been evaluated for their antiproliferative properties in vitro in human cancer cell lines. Only the complexes containing an Au(I) fragment exhibit antiproliferative activity in the range of cisplatin or higher. The photophysical and electrochemical properties of the bimetallic species have been investigated, and fluorescence microscopy experiments have been performed successfully. The most promising bimetallic cytotoxic complexes (i.e., with the Au-thioglucose scaffold) have shown to be easily taken up by cancer cells at 37 °C in the cytoplasm or in specific organelles. Interestingly, experiments repeated at 4 °C showed no uptake of the bimetallic species inside cells, which confirms involvement of active transport processes. To evaluate the role of glucose transporters in the cell uptake of the gold complexes, inhibition of the GluT-1 (glucose transporter isoform with high level of expression in cancer cells) was achieved, showing only scarce influence on the compounds' uptake. Finally, the observed absence of interactions with nucleic acid model structures suggests that the gold compounds may have different intracellular targets with respect to cisplatin.

  8. Crystal structures and optical properties of new quaternary strontium europium aluminate luminescent nanoribbons

    DOE PAGES

    Li, Xufan; Budai, John D.; Liu, Feng; ...

    2014-11-12

    We report the synthesis and characterizations of three series of quaternary strontium europium aluminate (Sr-Eu-Al-O; SEAO) luminescent nanoribbons that show blue, green, and yellow luminescence from localized Eu2+ luminescent centers. These three series of SEAO nanoribbons are: blue luminescent, tetragonal Sr1-xEuxAl6O10 (01-xEuxAl2O4 (01-xEuxAl2O4 (0

  9. [Structure and luminescence properties of Ga2O3 : Cr3+ by Al doping].

    PubMed

    Wang, Xian-Sheng; Wan, Min-Hua; Wang, Yin-Hai; Zhao, Hui; Hu, Zheng-Fa; Li, Hai-Ling

    2013-11-01

    The Al doping gallate phosphor (Ga(1-x)Al(x))2O3 : Cr3+ (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5) was synthesized by a high temperature solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffractions show that the phase of the phosphors remains to be Ga2 O3 structure with increase in the contents of Al3+ ion. Beside, the fact that the X-ray diffraction peak shifts towards big angles with increasing Al3+ ions content shows that Al3+ ions entered the Ga2 O3 lattice. The peaks of the excitation spectra located at 258, 300, 410 and 550 nm are attributed to the band to band transition of the matrix, charge transfer band transition, and 4A2 --> 4T1 and 4A2 --> 4T2 transition of Cr3+ ions, respectively. Those excitation spectrum peak positions show different degrees of blue shift with the increase in the Al3+ ions content. The blue shift of the first two peaks are due to the band gap energy of substrate and the electronegativity between Cr3+ ions and ligands increasing, respectively. The blue shift of the energy level transition of Cr3+ ion is attributed to crystal field strength increasing. The Cr3+ ion luminescence changes from a broadband emission to a narrow-band emission with Al3+ doping, because the emission of Cr3+ ion changed from 4 T2 --> 4A2 to 2E --> 4A2 transition with the crystal field change after Al3+ ions doping. The Al3+ ions doping improved the long afterglow luminescence properties of samples, and the sample showed a longer visible near infrared when Al3+ ions content reaches 0.5. The thermoluminescence curve shows the sample with suitable trap energy level, and this is also the cause of the long afterglow luminescence materials.

  10. Luminescence properties of Tb(3+)-doped borosilicate scintillating glass under UV excitation.

    PubMed

    Zuo, Chenggang; Zhou, Zhihua; Zhu, Ligang; Xiao, Anguo; Chen, Yuandao; Zhang, Xiangyang; Zhuang, Yongbing; Li, Xiaoyang; Ge, Qizhi

    2015-08-05

    Transparent Li₂O-BaO-La₂O₃-Al₂O₃-B₂O₃-SiO₂ glasses doped with Tb(3+) ion were prepared by high temperature melting method. Luminescence properties of Tb(3+)-doped borosilicate glasses have been investigated by transmission, excitation, emission and luminescence decay measurements. The transmission spectrum shows the glass has good transmittance in the visible region. Under the 236 nm UV excitation the intense green emission from (5)D₄ level is observed in Tb(3+)-doped borosilicate glass, comparable in intensity to the violet-blue emission starting from the (5)D₃ level. The green emission intensity of Tb(3+) ion firstly increases and then decreases with the decreasing B₂O₃/SiO₂ ratio in glass matrix. (5)D₄→(7)FJ (J=6, 5, 4 and 3) transitions of Tb(3+) ion in borosilicate glass are greatly enhanced with increasing concentration of Tb(3+) through the cross relaxation [Tb(3+) ((5)D₃)+Tb(3+) ((7)F6)→Tb(3+) ((5)D₄)+Tb(3+) ((7)F₀)] between two Tb(3+) ions. Luminescence decay time of 2.13 ms is obtained for the emission transitions starting from (5)D₄ level in 2.5Li₂O-20BaO-20La₂O₃-2.5Al₂O₃-20B₂O₃-35SiO₂-0.5Tb₄O₇ glass. The results show that Tb(3+)-doped borosilicate glasses would be potential candidates for scintillating material for static X-ray imaging. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Charge-transfer luminescence and spectroscopic properties of Yb 3+ in aluminium and gallium garnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guerassimova, N.; Dujardin, C.; Garnier, N.; Pédrini, C.; Petrosyan, A. G.; Kamenskikh, I. A.; Mikhailin, V. V.; Shpinkov, I. N.; Spassky, D. A.; Ovanesyan, K. L.; Shirinyan, G. O.; Chipaux, R.; Cribier, M.; Mallet, J.; Meyer, J.-P.

    2002-06-01

    Luminescence of Yb 3+ from the charge-transfer state with broad emission bands and short radiative lifetimes (few to tens of nanoseconds depending on the host lattice and the temperature) is attractive for the development of fast scintillators capable of discriminating very short events. The most important currently considered application is that in solar neutrino ( νe) real-time spectroscopy, since the νe capture by 176Yb is followed by a specific emission signature which can accordingly excite the Yb 3+ fluorescence. Studies on scintillation and luminescence in aluminium garnets containing Yb 3+ have shown that these materials meet some of the required properties for such scintillators. In defining our priorities, the best compromise between host crystal, Yb 3+ concentration, production method, post-growth treatment and performance is to be considered based on the studies of charge-transfer luminescence and quenching mechanisms. The experiments have been extended to a large number of compounds: YAG:Yb-YbAG, YGG:Yb-YbGG, YAP:Yb-YbAP, LaYbO 3 in the form of single crystals and/or powders. In garnets, the temperature-dependent fluorescence intensity and decay time under X-ray and VUV excitations decrease at low temperatures ( T<100 K) and demonstrate the important role played by the traps. The thermoluminescence peaks show a strong dependence on the crystal history, composition and impurities introduced intentionally. The fluorescence intensity and decay time are also dependent on Yb 3+ concentration and the presence of Yb 2+. The results trace the major directions to optimised scintillators in terms of their efficiency and lifetime.

  12. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of late Holocene raised strandplain sequences adjacent to Lakes Michigan and Superior, Upper Peninsula, Michigan, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Argyilan, Erin P.; Forman, Steven L.; Johnston, John W.; Wilcox, Douglas A.

    2005-01-01

    This study evaluates the accuracy of optically stimulated luminescence to date well-preserved strandline sequences at Manistique/Thompson bay (Lake Michigan), and Tahquamenon and Grand Traverse Bays (Lake Superior) that span the past ∼4500 yr. The single aliquot regeneration (SAR) method is applied to produce absolute ages for littoral and eolian sediments. SAR ages are compared against AMS and conventional 14C ages on swale organics. Modern littoral and eolian sediments yield SAR ages 14C ages on swale organics. Significant variability in 14C ages >2000 cal yr B.P. complicates comparison to SAR ages at all sites. However, a SAR age of 4280 ± 390 yr (UIC913) on ridge77 at Tahquamenon Bay is consistent with regional regression from the high lake level of the Nipissing II phase ca. 4500 cal yr B.P. SAR ages indicate a decrease in ridge formation rate after ∼1500 yr ago, likely reflecting separation of Lake Superior from lakes Huron and Michigan. This study shows that SAR is a credible alternative to 14C methods for dating littoral and eolian landforms in Great Lakes and other coastal strandplains where 14C methods prove problematic.

  13. Feasibility study of an optically-stimulated luminescent nanodot dosimeter (OSLnD) in high-energy photon beams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jin-Young; Park, Sung-Kwang; Kim, Yon-Lae; Suh, Tae-Suk; Shin, Jung-Wook; Oh, Kyoung-Min; Nam, Sang-Hee; Kim, Jong-Eon; Min, Byung-In; Jo, Sun-Mi; Oh, Won-Young

    2014-10-01

    In-vivo dosimetry is essential to verify the position and the intensity of the radiation therapy, such as cranio-spinal irradiation (CSI) and total body irradiation (TBI). Various kinds of devices, such as a thermo-luminesence dosimeters (TLDs), metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs), semiconductor diodes, and gafchromic films, are used in in-vivo dosimetry, and these have their respective pros and cons. An optically-stimulated luminescent nanodot dosimeter (OSLnD) made of Al2O3: C was developed to measure the radiation dose during diagnostics, but it is now used for clinical purposes. In this study, the characteristics of the OSLnD, such as its dose rate dependency, dose linearity, angular dependency, and field junction, were investigated under a 6 MV X-ray beam. The OSLnD showed a linear response at doses from 20 to 300 cGy in the dose linearity test. Also, the dose rate dependency was shown to be less than 3%, angular dependency to be less than 2%. The experimental results proved the OSLnD to be useful for measurements of the external dose and for intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in clinical radiotherapy.

  14. Radiation dose measurements of an on-board imager X-ray unit using optically-stimulated luminescence dosimeters.

    PubMed

    Smith, Leon; Haque, Mamoon; Morales, Johnny; Hill, Robin

    2015-12-01

    Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is now widely used to image radiotherapy patients prior to treatment for the purpose of accurate patient setup. However each CBCT image delivered to a patient increases the total radiation dose that they receive. The measurement of the dose delivered from the CBCT images is not readily performed in the clinic. In this study, we have used commercially available optically stimulated luminescence (OSLD) dosimeters to measure the dose delivered by the Varian OBI on a radiotherapy linear accelerator. Calibration of the OSLDs was achieved by using a therapeutic X-ray unit. The dose delivered by a head CBCT scan was found to be 3.2 ± 0.3 mGy which is similar in magnitude to the dose of a head computed tomography (CT) scan. The results of this study suggest that the radiation hazard associated with CBCT is of a similar nature to that of conventional CT scans. We have also demonstrated that the OSLDs are suitable for these low X-ray dose measurements.

  15. Comparative study of the solid-matrix luminescence properties of perdeuterated phenanthrene and phenanthrene adsorbed on several solid matrices

    SciTech Connect

    Ramasamy, S.M.; Hurtubise, R.J.

    1996-09-01

    Temperature was varied over a wide range to determine its effect on the luminescence properties of deuterated phenanthrene and phenanthrene adsorbed on a number of solid matrices. Not only were insights into the effects of temperature and solid matrices on the luminescence properties acquired but also the deuterium isotope effect revealed unique information about the role played by the solid matrix in the luminescence of the model compounds. In addition, comparisons of nonradiative rate constants and the efficiencies of intersystem crossing revealed important differences among the solid matrices in altering these parameters. The perdeuterated phenanthrene and phenanthrene proved to be useful probes for investigating the effects of solid matrices on the excited triplet state of phosphors because the excited singlet state of the lumiphor was affected very little by the solid matrices, and the rate constants of phosphorescence for the two phosphors are essentially the same. {copyright} {ital 1996 Society for Applied Spectroscopy.}

  16. A laboratory inter-comparison of quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rees-Jones, J.; Hall, S. J. B.; Rink, W. J.

    In this study three sediment samples were used which came from two cave sites situated on the coast of Gibraltar, Gorham's Cave and Vanguard Cave. Both caves contain silts, sands and breccia deposits from the last interglacial through to the post-glacial period, from which beach sands were sampled for dating. The three sediment sample cores were each divided into two sub-samples, which were independently measured at McMaster University and Oxford University using quartz OSL. Similar sample preparation and measurement procedures were used at both laboratories, but different measurement equipment was employed in each. It was therefore hoped to identify any factors that may result in systematic differences between laboratories. The data showed very good agreement in results when a narrow wavelength band was used for stimulation, from either an argon-ion laser (514.5 nm) or a filtered halogen lamp (514±17 nm). This indicates that slight differences in factors such as laboratory lighting, measurement time, additive dose levels, detection filters, stimulation source and power did not produce differences in results. However, when a wide wavelength band from the halogen lamp was used for stimulation (440-560 nm) significantly different results were obtained, suggesting care needs to be taken with the waveband used.

  17. White-Light-Emitting Lanthanide Metallogels with Tunable Luminescence and Reversible Stimuli-Responsive Properties.

    PubMed

    Chen, Pangkuan; Li, Qiaochu; Grindy, Scott; Holten-Andersen, Niels

    2015-09-16

    We have developed model light-emitting metallogels functionalized with lanthanide metal-ligand coordination complexes via a terpyridyl-end-capped four-arm poly(ethylene glycol) polymer. The optical properties of these highly luminescent polymer networks are readily modulated over a wide spectrum, including white-light emission, simply by tuning of the lanthanide metal ion stoichiometry. Furthermore, the dynamic nature of the Ln-N coordination bonding leads to a broad variety of reversible stimuli-responsive properties (mechano-, vapo-, thermo-, and chemochromism) of both sol-gel systems and solid thin films. The versatile functional performance combined with the ease of assembly suggests that this lanthanide coordination polymer design approach offers a robust pathway for future engineering of multi-stimuli-responsive polymer materials.

  18. Synthesis, structure, luminescence and photocatalytic properties of an uranyl-2,5-pyridinedicarboxylate coordination polymer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Si, Zhen-Xiu; Xu, Wei; Zheng, Yue-Qing

    2016-07-01

    An uranium coordination polymer, namely [(UO2(pydc)(H2O)]·H2O (1) (H2pydc=2,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid), has been obtained by hydrothermal method and characterized by X-ray single crystal structure determination. Structural analysis reveals that complex 1 exhibits 1D chain coordination polymer, in which UO22+ ions are bridged by 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylate ligands and the chains are connected into a 3D supramolecular network by O-H···O hydrogen bond interactions and π-π stacking interactions. The photocatalytic properties of 1 for degradation of methylene blue (MB), Rhodamine B (RhB) and methyl orange (MO) under Hg-lamp irradiation have been performed, and the amount of the catalyst as well as Hg-lamp irradiation with different power on the photodegradation efficiency of MB have been investigated. Elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy, TG-DTA analyses and luminescence properties were also discussed.

  19. Silver Clusters in Zeolites: From Self-Assembly to Ground-Breaking Luminescent Properties.

    PubMed

    Coutiño-Gonzalez, Eduardo; Baekelant, Wouter; Steele, Julian A; Kim, Cheol Woong; Roeffaers, Maarten B J; Hofkens, Johan

    2017-09-19

    Interest for functional silver clusters (Ag-CLs) has rapidly grown over years due to large advances in the field of nanoscale fabrication and materials science. The continuous development of strategies to fabricate small-scale silver clusters, together with their interesting physicochemical properties (molecule-like discrete energy levels, for example), make them very attractive for a wide variety of applied research fields, from biotechnology and the environmental sciences to fundamental chemistry and physics. Apart from useful catalytic properties, silver clusters (Agn, n < 10) were recently shown to also exhibit exceptional optical properties. The optical properties and performance of Ag-CLs offer strong potential for their integration into appealing micro(nano)-optoelectronic devices. To date, however, the rational design and directed synthesis of Ag-CLs with specific functionalities has remained elusive. The inability for rational design stems mainly from a lack of understanding of their novel atomic-scale phenomena. This is because accurately studying silver cluster systems at such a scale is hindered by the perturbations introduced during exposure to various experimental probes. For instance, silver possesses a strong tendency to cluster and form ever-larger Ag aggregates while probed with high-energy electron beams and X-ray irradiation. As well, there exists a need to provide a stabilizing environment for which Agn(δ+) clusters can persist, setting up a complex interacting guest-host system, as isolated silver clusters are confined within a suitable hosting medium. Fundamental research into Agn(δ+) formation mechanisms and their important optical properties is paramount to establishing truly informed synthesis protocols. Over recent years, we have developed several protocols for the ship-in-a-bottle synthesis of highly luminescent Ag-CLs within the microporous interiors of zeolite frameworks. This approach has yielded materials displaying a wide variety

  20. Optimized luminescence properties of Mn doped ZnS nanoparticles for photovoltaic applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Donne, Alessia; Kanti Jana, Sourav; Banerjee, Sangam; Basu, Sukumar; Binetti, Simona

    2013-01-01

    Mn2+ doped ZnS nanoparticles (ZnS:Mn2+ NPs) are non-toxic systems known for their attractive light emitting properties. This paper discusses the luminescence properties of ZnS:Mn2+ NPs prepared by wet chemical synthesis with the objective of using them as down-shifters. A modification of the incident solar spectrum inducing improved exploitation of the UV region was expected to increase the efficiency of single junction cells with an optimal absorber band gap around 1.1 eV. The potential of ZnS:Mn2+ NPs as down-shifters was therefore demonstrated on both Si and Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells.

  1. Highly luminescent lanthanide complexes with novel bis-β-diketone ligand: synthesis, characterization and photoluminescent properties.

    PubMed

    Li, Hong-Feng; Li, Guang-Ming; Chen, Peng; Sun, Wen-Bin; Yan, Peng-Fei

    2012-11-01

    A biphenyl-linked bis-β-diketone ligand, 3,3'-bis(3-phenyl-3-oxopropanol)biphenyl (BPB) has been prepared for the syntheses of a series of dinuclear lanthanide complexes. The ligand bears two benzoyl β-diketonate sites linked by a 3,3'-biphenyl spacer. Reaction of the doubly negatively charged bis-bidenate ligand with lanthanide ions forms triple-stranded dinuclear complexes Ln(2)(BPB)(3) (Ln=Nd (1), Sm (2), Eu (3), Yb (4) and Gd (5)). Electrospray mass spectrometry is used to identify the formation of the triple-stranded dinuclear complexes 1-5, which have been further characterized by various spectroscopic techniques. The complexes display strong visible and NIR luminescence upon excitation at ligands bands around 360 nm, depending on the choice of the lanthanides, and the emission quantum yields and luminescence lifetimes of 2-3 have been determined. It shows that the biphenyl-linked ligand BPB is a more efficient sensitizer than the monodiketone ligand DBM (dibenzoylmethane), through the comparisons of Ln(2)(BPB)(3) and Ln(DBM)(3) on their photoluminescent properties.

  2. Tuning the cellular uptake properties of luminescent heterobimetallic iridium(III)-ruthenium(II) DNA imaging probes.

    PubMed

    Wragg, Ashley; Gill, Martin R; Turton, David; Adams, Harry; Roseveare, Thomas M; Smythe, Carl; Su, Xiaodi; Thomas, Jim A

    2014-10-20

    The synthesis of two new luminescent dinuclear Ir(III)-Ru(II) complexes containing tetrapyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c:3'',2''-h:2''',3'''-j]phenazine (tpphz) as the bridging ligand is reported. Unlike many other complexes incorporating cyclometalated Ir(III) moieties, these complexes display good water solubility, allowing the first cell-based study on Ir(III)-Ru(II) bioprobes to be carried out. Photophysical studies indicate that emission from each complex is from a Ru(II) excited state and both complexes display significant in vitro DNA-binding affinities. Cellular studies show that each complex is rapidly internalised by HeLa cells, in which they function as luminescent nuclear DNA-imaging agents for confocal microscopy. Furthermore, the uptake and nuclear targeting properties of the complex incorporating cyclometalating 2-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridine ligands around its Ir(III) centre is enhanced in comparison to the non-fluorinated analogue, indicating that fluorination may provide a route to promote cell uptake of transition-metal bioprobes. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. Optical and luminescence properties of Dy3+ doped sodium silicate glass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srisittipokakun, N.; Kaewkhao, J.

    2017-07-01

    The aim of the present work is to study the optical and luminescence properties of Dy2O3 doped Na2O-BaO-Bi2O3-SiO2 glasses. The Dy3+ ion is chosen as dopant because it emits three visible bands, blue (470-485 nm; 4F9/2→6H15/2), yellow (570-580 nm; 4F9/2→6H13/2) and red (640-655 nm; 4F9/2→6H11/2) luminescence and finds its applications in the fields of laser, white LEDs, telecommunication technology and display devices. NaBaBiSiDy glasses with the compositions of (30-x)SiO2: 10Bi2O3: 30Na2O: 30BaO: xDy2O3 where x=0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mol% were prepared by melt-quenching technique and characterized by using density, optical absorption photoluminescence (PL) and decay rate measurements as function of different concentrations. The density (ρ), molar volume (VM) and refractive index obtained were found to increase with increase in the concentration of Dy2O3 in the glass matrix. The chromaticity coordinates were calculated from emission spectra and analyzed with CIE color diagram and appear in the white light region under ultraviolet excitation.

  4. Syntheses, crystal structures, magnetic and luminescence properties of five novel lanthanide complexes of nitronyl nitroxide radical

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Ya-Li; Gao, Yuan-Yuan; Ma, Yue; Wang, Qing-Lun; Li, Li-Cun; Liao, Dai-Zheng

    2013-06-01

    Five novel Ln(III) complexes based on a new nitronyl nitroxide radical have been synthesized, characterized structurally and magnetically: [Ln(hfac)₃(NITPh-3-Br-4-OMe)₂] (Ln(III)=Eu(1), Gd(2), Tb(3), Dy(4), Ho(5); hfac=hexafluoroacetylacetonate; and NITPh-3-Br-4-OMe=2-3´-Br-4´-methoxyphenyl-4,4,5,5 -tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide). The single-crystal structures analyses show that these complexes have similar mononuclear tri-spin structures, in which central Ln(III) ions are all eight coordinated by three hfac molecules and two NITPh-3-Br-4-OMe radicals. The variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility studies reveal the antiferromagnetic interactions between the paramagnetic ions (Ln(III) and radicals) in complexes 1, 2, 3 and 5 and ferromagnetic interaction in complex 4. The luminescence characterizations of complexes Eu(1), Tb(3) and Dy(4) are also studied in this paper. - Graphical abstract: Using a novel halogen phenyl-substituted nitronyl-nitroxide radical, we obtained and characterized five isostructural lanthanide mononuclear tri-spin compounds. Highlights: • A new halogen phenyl-substituted nitronyl-nitroxide radical was designed. • Five new Ln(III) radical complexes have been synthesized and characterized. • The reasonable evaluation the magnetic interactions between Ln(III) ions and radical is meaningful. • These complexes show good luminescent properties.

  5. Luminescence and scintillation properties of BaF2sbnd Ce transparent ceramic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Junming; Sahi, Sunil; Groza, Michael; Wang, Zhiqiang; Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei; Burger, Arnold; Kenarangui, Rasool; Sham, Tsun-Kong; Selim, Farida A.

    2016-08-01

    Cerium doped Barium Fluoride (BaF2sbnd Ce) transparent ceramic was fabricated and its luminescence and scintillation properties were studied. The photoluminescence shows the emission peaks at 310 nm and 323 nm and is related to the 5d-4f transitions in Ce3+ ion. Photo peak at 511 keV and 1274 keV were obtained with BaF2sbnd Ce transparent ceramic for Na-22 radioisotopes. Energy resolution of 13.5% at 662 keV is calculated for the BaF2sbnd Ce transparent ceramic. Light yield of 5100 photons/MeV was recorded for BaF2sbnd Ce(0.2%) ceramic and is comparable to its single crystal counterpart. Scintillation decay time measurements shows fast component of 58 ns and a relatively slow component of 434 ns under 662 keV gamma excitation. The slower component in BaF2sbnd Ce(0.2%) ceramic is about 200 ns faster than the STE emission in BaF2 host and is associated with the dipole-dipole energy transfer from the host matrix to Ce3+ luminescence center.

  6. Two novel 2D lanthanide sulfate frameworks: Syntheses, structures, and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Zhong-Yi; Zhang, Chi; Zhang, Fu-Li; Zhang, Fu-Qiang; Zhang, Xiang-Fei; Li, Su-Zhi; Cao, Guang-Xiu; Zhai, Bin

    2016-03-01

    Two novel lanthanide-sulfate compounds, [Ln2(SO4)3(H2O)8] (Ln = Tb (1) and Dy (2)), have been synthesized under hydrothermal reactions. X-ray crystal structure analyses reveal that 1 and 2 are isomorphous and crystallize in monoclinic C2/c pace group, showing a layered structure. The layers bear a rare quasi-honeycomb metal arrangement, which is fastened by μ3 = η1:η1:η1 and μ2 = η1:η1 sulfates. If assigning the μ3 = η1:η1:η1 sulfate as a 3-connected node and the Ln3+ ion as a 4-connected node, the network can be rationalized as a binodal (3,4)-connected V2O5 topology with a Schäfli symbol of (42·63·8) (42·6). In addition, the infrared, thermogravimetric analysis and luminescent properties were also studied. Complexes 1 and 2 exhibit outstanding thermal stability and characteristic terbium and dysprosium luminescence.

  7. Excitation Dependent Phosphorous Property and New Model of the Structured Green Luminescence in ZnO

    PubMed Central

    Ye, Honggang; Su, Zhicheng; Tang, Fei; Wang, Mingzheng; Chen, Guangde; Wang, Jian; Xu, Shijie

    2017-01-01

    The copper induced green luminescence (GL) with two sets of fine structures in ZnO crystal has been found for several decades (i.e., R. Dingle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 579 (1969)), but the physical origin of the doublet still remains as an open question up to now. In this paper, we provide new insight into the mechanism of the structured GL band in terms of new experimental findings and theoretical calculations. It is found, for the first time, that the GL signal exhibits persistent afterglow for tens of minutes after the switch-off of below-band-gap excitation light but it cannot occur under above-band-gap excitation. Such a phosphorous property may be interpreted as de-trapping and feeding of electrons from a shallow trapping level via the conduction band to the Cu-related luminescence centers where the Cu3+ ion is proposed to work as the final state of the GL emission. From first-principles calculation, such a Cu3+ ion in wurtzite ZnO prefers a high spin 3d8 state with two non-degenerated half-filled orbitals due to the Jahn-Teller effect, probably leading to the double structures in photoluminescence spectrum. Therefore, this model gives a comprehensively new understanding on the mechanism of the structured GL band in ZnO. PMID:28150699

  8. Microsphere morphology tuning and photo-luminescence properties of monoclinic Y2WO6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Hong; Bai, Yulong; Zhang, Junying; Tang, Zilong

    2015-04-01

    Effects of the solution pH value and reaction time on the precursor morphology and photoluminescence properties are investigated for hydrothermally prepared monoclinic Y2WO6 phosphors. In the near-neutral environment, sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) surfactant forms small microspheres micelles as template to synthesize microspherical precursor. H+ ions concentration affects the arrangement of negative ionic surfactant SDBS. As a result, jujube-liked and popcorn-like loose microspheres formed at low pH value. When the pH value is 5.2 and the hydrothermal reaction time reaches 24 h, respectively, the strongest luminescent intensity can be obtained. Under this condition, the precursor presented regular microsphere with diameter of 4.0 μm. After high-temperature heat treatment, the obtained phosphor particles still exhibit microsphere-like shape. Therefore, we provide an effective method to tune the morphology of Y2WO6 phosphors and study the relationship between morphology and luminescent performance.

  9. Luminescence and scintillation properties of Tl- and In-doped CsCl crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakai, Takumi; Koshimizu, Masanori; Fujimoto, Yutaka; Nakauchi, Daisuke; Yanagida, Takayuki; Asai, Keisuke

    2017-06-01

    Optical and scintillation properties of CsCl:Tl and CsCl:In single crystals were investigated. Ions Tl+ and In+ were selected as dopants to enhance the light yield of CsCl crystals. Luminescence and scintillation spectra of CsCl:Tl and CsCl:In could be attributed to the relaxed excited state (RES) originating from each dopant ion. The decay-time constants of the fast component had values of 5.4 ns for CsCl:Tl and 2.2 ns for CsCl:In, and can be ascribed to the overlapping of on-center STE and auger-free luminescence (AFL) for CsCl:Tl and only AFL for CsCl:In, respectively. Decay-time constants of the slow component were relatively long (220 ns for CsCl:Tl and 240 ns for CsCl:In), possibly owing to their low energy transfer rate from host to each dopant ion. The light yields of CsCl:1%Tl and CsCl:0.5%Tl were estimated to be 2800 and 2200 photons/MeV, respectively. The light yield of CsCl:0.5%In crystals was estimated to be 2200 photons/MeV. In conclusion, the light yield of pure CsCl (several ten photons/MeV) can be enhanced by doping Tl+ and In+ while maintaining the fast component of the CsCl crystal.

  10. Excitation Dependent Phosphorous Property and New Model of the Structured Green Luminescence in ZnO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Honggang; Su, Zhicheng; Tang, Fei; Wang, Mingzheng; Chen, Guangde; Wang, Jian; Xu, Shijie

    2017-02-01

    The copper induced green luminescence (GL) with two sets of fine structures in ZnO crystal has been found for several decades (i.e., R. Dingle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 579 (1969)), but the physical origin of the doublet still remains as an open question up to now. In this paper, we provide new insight into the mechanism of the structured GL band in terms of new experimental findings and theoretical calculations. It is found, for the first time, that the GL signal exhibits persistent afterglow for tens of minutes after the switch-off of below-band-gap excitation light but it cannot occur under above-band-gap excitation. Such a phosphorous property may be interpreted as de-trapping and feeding of electrons from a shallow trapping level via the conduction band to the Cu-related luminescence centers where the Cu3+ ion is proposed to work as the final state of the GL emission. From first-principles calculation, such a Cu3+ ion in wurtzite ZnO prefers a high spin 3d8 state with two non-degenerated half-filled orbitals due to the Jahn-Teller effect, probably leading to the double structures in photoluminescence spectrum. Therefore, this model gives a comprehensively new understanding on the mechanism of the structured GL band in ZnO.

  11. Excitation Dependent Phosphorous Property and New Model of the Structured Green Luminescence in ZnO.

    PubMed

    Ye, Honggang; Su, Zhicheng; Tang, Fei; Wang, Mingzheng; Chen, Guangde; Wang, Jian; Xu, Shijie

    2017-02-02

    The copper induced green luminescence (GL) with two sets of fine structures in ZnO crystal has been found for several decades (i.e., R. Dingle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 579 (1969)), but the physical origin of the doublet still remains as an open question up to now. In this paper, we provide new insight into the mechanism of the structured GL band in terms of new experimental findings and theoretical calculations. It is found, for the first time, that the GL signal exhibits persistent afterglow for tens of minutes after the switch-off of below-band-gap excitation light but it cannot occur under above-band-gap excitation. Such a phosphorous property may be interpreted as de-trapping and feeding of electrons from a shallow trapping level via the conduction band to the Cu-related luminescence centers where the Cu(3+) ion is proposed to work as the final state of the GL emission. From first-principles calculation, such a Cu(3+) ion in wurtzite ZnO prefers a high spin 3d(8) state with two non-degenerated half-filled orbitals due to the Jahn-Teller effect, probably leading to the double structures in photoluminescence spectrum. Therefore, this model gives a comprehensively new understanding on the mechanism of the structured GL band in ZnO.

  12. Highly luminescent lanthanide complexes with novel bis-β-diketone ligand: Synthesis, characterization and photoluminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hong-Feng; Li, Guang-Ming; Chen, Peng; Sun, Wen-Bin; Yan, Peng-Fei

    2012-11-01

    A biphenyl-linked bis-β-diketone ligand, 3,3'-bis(3-phenyl-3-oxopropanol)biphenyl (BPB) has been prepared for the syntheses of a series of dinuclear lanthanide complexes. The ligand bears two benzoyl β-diketonate sites linked by a 3,3'-biphenyl spacer. Reaction of the doubly negatively charged bis-bidenate ligand with lanthanide ions forms triple-stranded dinuclear complexes Ln2(BPB)3 (Ln = Nd (1), Sm (2), Eu (3), Yb (4) and Gd (5)). Electrospray mass spectrometry is used to identify the formation of the triple-stranded dinuclear complexes 1-5, which have been further characterized by various spectroscopic techniques. The complexes display strong visible and NIR luminescence upon excitation at ligands bands around 360 nm, depending on the choice of the lanthanides, and the emission quantum yields and luminescence lifetimes of 2-3 have been determined. It shows that the biphenyl-linked ligand BPB is a more efficient sensitizer than the monodiketone ligand DBM (dibenzoylmethane), through the comparisons of Ln2(BPB)3 and Ln(DBM)3 on their photoluminescent properties.

  13. Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescence properties of KLa):Eu3+ phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Zaifa; Sun, Yumei; Han, Liu; Xu, Denghui; Sun, Jiayue

    2016-04-01

    KLa):Eu3+ phosphors were prepared by the hydrothermal method. The after tuning of synthesis time and the ratio of the ethylene glycol to water ratio made the phosphor present different morphologies, including peanut-like shape and spheres. The samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), diffuse reflectance spectrum, and fluorescence spectrum. Under the excitation of 397 nm near-ultraviolet, the typical red emission produced by Eu3+ ions can be observed. And the phosphors show strong red light around 612 nm, attributed to D→F transition of Eu ion. The luminescence properties of the as-prepared phosphors were studied based on changing the synthesis condition. It is found that the synthesis time and the changing of the ratio of ethylene glycol to water play the crucial role in the formation of morphology. The optimum dopant concentration of Eu ions in KLa):Eu3+ is around 7 mol. %. Moreover, the fluorescence decay curve and thermal stability of luminescence were also investigated in detail. The Commission International de I'Eclairage coordinates of KLa):0.07Eu3+ located in the red reddish region. All the results suggest that KLa):0.07Eu3+ might be a promising reddish-orange emitting phosphor used in white light-emitting diodes (w-LED).

  14. Significantly improved luminescence properties of nitrogen-polar (0001̅) InGaN multiple quantum wells grown by pulsed metalorganic chemical vapor deposition.

    PubMed

    Song, Jie; Chang, Shih-Pang; Zhang, Cheng; Hsu, Ta-Cheng; Han, Jung

    2015-01-14

    We have demonstrated nitrogen-polar (0001̅) (N-polar) InGaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) with significantly improved luminescence properties prepared by pulsed metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. During the growth of InGaN quantum wells, Ga and N sources are alternately injected into the reactor to alter the surface stoichiometry. The influence of flow duration in pulsed growth mode on the luminescence properties has been studied. We find that use of pulsed-mode creates a high density of hexagonal mounds with an increased InGaN growth rate and enhanced In composition around screw-type dislocations, resulting in remarkably improved luminescence properties. The mechanism of enhanced luminescence caused by the hexagonal mounds is discussed. Luminescence properties of N-polar InGaN MQWs grown with short pulse durations have been significantly improved in comparison with a sample grown by a conventional continuous growth method.

  15. Photoluminescence properties of green and red luminescence from natural and heat-treated sodalite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaiheriman, Muyasier; Maimaitinaisier, Alitunguli; Rehiman, Aziguli; Aierken Sidike

    2014-03-01

    The sodalite sample used in this investigation did not exhibit the characteristic orange-yellow luminescence due to the center, because there was no trace of sulfur impurity. The heat-treated samples exhibited green and red luminescence with maximum intensity at 496 and 687 nm, respectively, under 264 nm excitation at room temperature. Their luminescence intensities were extensively dependent on the treatment temperature. The green luminescence efficiency of the sample heat-treated at 900 °C was 6.5 times higher than that of unheated natural sodalite. At 8.5 K, the green luminescence showed a vibronic structure. After heating at 1,300 °C, the crystal structure of sodalite was transformed to NaAlSiO4 (carnegieite), and the intense red luminescence was exhibited in the NaAlSiO4 sample. The peak wavelength of the red luminescence shifted from 687 nm at 300 K to 726 nm at 8.5 K. The luminescence lifetimes of the green and red luminescence at room temperature were 2.1 and 5.1 ms, respectively. It was proposed that the origin of the green luminescence is Mn2+ replacing Na+, and that of the red luminescence is Fe3+ replacing Al3+ in sodalite or NaAlSiO4 (carnegieite).

  16. Structural, optical and luminescence properties of Dy3+ doped bismuth phosphate glasses: Insights from 31P MAS NMR, absorption and photoluminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damodaraiah, S.; Prasad, V. Reddy; Ratnakaram, Y. C.

    2017-05-01

    An investigation was carried out to observe structural and optical properties of 0.5 mol% Dy3+ doped different compositions of bismuth phosphate glasses (5, 10, 15 and 20 mol% Bi2O3). The structural characterization was accomplished by X-ray diffraction (XRD), 31P magic angle spin nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy. The optical properties were studied using absorption and photo luminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ (λ=2, 4 and 6) were evaluated from absorption spectra. From photoluminescence spectra, experimental branching ratios (βexp) and stimulated emission cross-sections (σP) were calculated. The decay profiles for 4F9/2 level were recorded and were fit exponential. The obtained results show the prepared Dy3+ doped bismuth phosphate glasses might be useful as good optical material for yellow emission.

  17. Synthesis, structure, luminescence and photocatalytic properties of an uranyl-2,5-pyridinedicarboxylate coordination polymer

    SciTech Connect

    Si, Zhen-Xiu; Xu, Wei Zheng, Yue-Qing

    2016-07-15

    An uranium coordination polymer, namely [(UO{sub 2}(pydc)(H{sub 2}O)]·H{sub 2}O (1) (H{sub 2}pydc=2,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid), has been obtained by hydrothermal method and characterized by X-ray single crystal structure determination. Structural analysis reveals that complex 1 exhibits 1D chain coordination polymer, in which UO{sub 2}{sup 2+} ions are bridged by 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylate ligands and the chains are connected into a 3D supramolecular network by O–H···O hydrogen bond interactions and π–π stacking interactions. The photocatalytic properties of 1 for degradation of methylene blue (MB), Rhodamine B (RhB) and methyl orange (MO) under Hg-lamp irradiation have been performed, and the amount of the catalyst as well as Hg-lamp irradiation with different power on the photodegradation efficiency of MB have been investigated. Elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy, TG-DTA analyses and luminescence properties were also discussed. - Graphical abstract: Complex 1 exhibits 1D chain coordination polymer in which UO{sub 2}{sup 2+} ions are bridged by 2,5-pyridinedicarboxylate ligand. Photoluminescence studies reveal that complex 1 exhibits characteristic emissions of uranyl centers. The compound is selective to degraded dye and displays good photocatalytic activities for the degradation of MB under Hg-lamp. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Complex 1 exhibits 1D chain coordination polymer. • Complex 1 could degrade methylene blue and Rhodamine B under Hg-lamp irradiation. • Luminescent property of 1 has been studied.

  18. Quasi-spherical LuBO{sub 3} nanoparticles: Synthesis, formation, and luminescence properties

    SciTech Connect

    Gao, Yu; Yang, Feng; Han, Wenchi; Fang, Qinghong; Xu, Zhenhe

    2014-03-01

    Graphical abstract: Quasi-spherical LuBO3 nanoparticles have been prepared via a facile hydrothermal route. The possible growth mechanism and the luminescent properties of the as-prepared microcrystals have been discussed. - Highlights: • LuBO{sub 3} nanoparticles were prepared by a facile hydrothermal route. • The Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}-doped LuBO{sub 3} products show strong red and green emissions. • This method may be more widely applicable in the design of other rare-earth compounds. - Abstract: Quasi-spherical LuBO{sub 3} nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by a designed hydrothermal conversion method. The Lu(OH)CO{sub 3} nanoparticles were first prepared by a simple homogeneous precipitation method. Subsequently, LuBO{sub 3} nanoparticles were synthesized at the expense of the Lu(OH)CO{sub 3} nanoparticles during a hydrothermal conversion process. The conversion process from the Lu(OH)CO{sub 3} precursor to LuBO{sub 3} nanoparticles was investigated by time-dependent experiments. Moreover, the as-obtained Eu{sup 3+} and Tb{sup 3+}-doped LuBO{sub 3} products show strong characteristic red and green emissions under ultraviolet excitation and low-voltage electron beam excitation, respectively. This work sheds some light on the knowledge of conversion of different kind of lutetium compounds, and the luminescent properties have potential applications in fluorescent lamps and field emission displays. More importantly, this simple method is expected to allow the large-scale production of other complex rare-earth compounds with controllable morphologies and sizes, and exploration of the morphology and photoluminescence properties.

  19. Image reconstruction algorithm for optically stimulated luminescence 2D dosimetry using laser-scanned Al2O3:C and Al2O3:C,Mg films.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, M F; Schnell, E; Ahmad, S; Yukihara, E G

    2016-10-21

    The objective of this work was to develop an image reconstruction algorithm for 2D dosimetry using Al2O3:C and Al2O3:C,Mg optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) films imaged using a laser scanning system. The algorithm takes into account parameters associated with detector properties and the readout system. Pieces of Al2O3:C films (~8 mm  ×  8 mm  ×  125 µm) were irradiated and used to simulate dose distributions with extreme dose gradients (zero and non-zero dose regions). The OSLD film pieces were scanned using a custom-built laser-scanning OSL reader and the data obtained were used to develop and demonstrate a dose reconstruction algorithm. The algorithm includes corrections for: (a) galvo hysteresis, (b) photomultiplier tube (PMT) linearity, (c) phosphorescence, (d) 'pixel bleeding' caused by the 35 ms luminescence lifetime of F-centers in Al2O3, (e) geometrical distortion inherent to Galvo scanning system, and (f) position dependence of the light collection efficiency. The algorithm was also applied to 6.0 cm  ×  6.0 cm  ×  125 μm or 10.0 cm  ×  10.0 cm  ×  125 µm Al2O3:C and Al2O3:C,Mg films exposed to megavoltage x-rays (6 MV) and (12)C beams (430 MeV u(-1)). The results obtained using pieces of irradiated films show the ability of the image reconstruction algorithm to correct for pixel bleeding even in the presence of extremely sharp dose gradients. Corrections for geometric distortion and position dependence of light collection efficiency were shown to minimize characteristic limitations of this system design. We also exemplify the application of the algorithm to more clinically relevant 6 MV x-ray beam and a (12)C pencil beam, demonstrating the potential for small field dosimetry. The image reconstruction algorithm described here provides the foundation for laser-scanned OSL applied to 2D dosimetry.

  20. Image reconstruction algorithm for optically stimulated luminescence 2D dosimetry using laser-scanned Al2O3:C and Al2O3:C,Mg films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, M. F.; Schnell, E.; Ahmad, S.; Yukihara, E. G.

    2016-10-01

    The objective of this work was to develop an image reconstruction algorithm for 2D dosimetry using Al2O3:C and Al2O3:C,Mg optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) films imaged using a laser scanning system. The algorithm takes into account parameters associated with detector properties and the readout system. Pieces of Al2O3:C films (~8 mm  ×  8 mm  ×  125 µm) were irradiated and used to simulate dose distributions with extreme dose gradients (zero and non-zero dose regions). The OSLD film pieces were scanned using a custom-built laser-scanning OSL reader and the data obtained were used to develop and demonstrate a dose reconstruction algorithm. The algorithm includes corrections for: (a) galvo hysteresis, (b) photomultiplier tube (PMT) linearity, (c) phosphorescence, (d) ‘pixel bleeding’ caused by the 35 ms luminescence lifetime of F-centers in Al2O3, (e) geometrical distortion inherent to Galvo scanning system, and (f) position dependence of the light collection efficiency. The algorithm was also applied to 6.0 cm  ×  6.0 cm  ×  125 μm or 10.0 cm  ×  10.0 cm  ×  125 µm Al2O3:C and Al2O3:C,Mg films exposed to megavoltage x-rays (6 MV) and 12C beams (430 MeV u-1). The results obtained using pieces of irradiated films show the ability of the image reconstruction algorithm to correct for pixel bleeding even in the presence of extremely sharp dose gradients. Corrections for geometric distortion and position dependence of light collection efficiency were shown to minimize characteristic limitations of this system design. We also exemplify the application of the algorithm to more clinically relevant 6 MV x-ray beam and a 12C pencil beam, demonstrating the potential for small field dosimetry. The image reconstruction algorithm described here provides the foundation for laser-scanned OSL applied to 2D dosimetry.

  1. Aqueous based synthesis of CdSe/ZnS Q-dots: Study on luminescence properties and cytotoxicity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Painuly, Diksha; Bhatt, Anugya; Krishnan, V. Kalliyana

    2013-06-01

    Present study aims to modify the thioacid capped CdSe Quantum-dots (Q-dots) surface by ZnS coating by direct synthesis in aqueous medium. CS formation was confirmed by red shift as well as enhancement in the luminescence peak compared to bare Q-dots. Effects of processing parameters during the shell preparation such as core concentration and sulphur concentration on the luminescence properties of CS have been studied. Processing parameters have been optimized at maximum luminescence efficiency. Cytocompatibility behavior was found to be better for CS compared to their bare Q-dots counterpart after evaluation. Cytotoxicity of CS has been further evaluated by changing the sulphur concentration and after aging for 8 days.

  2. Luminescent properties of fluorine phosphate glasses doped with PbSe and PbS quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolobkova, Elena; Lipatova, Zhanna; Abdrshin, Albert; Nikonorov, Nikolay

    2017-03-01

    Optical properties of the PbS/PbSe molecular clusters (MCs) and PbS/PbSe quantum dots (QDs) in fluorine phosphate glasses were studied. Luminescence of MCs (excited by UV radiation) was obtained in visible spectral region and it's absolute quantum yield was up to 10%. It was found, that PbS QDs with sizes 3 nm, 3.5 nm and 4.9 nm demonstrate strong luminescence at 970, 1300 and 1500 nm with Stokes shift 80 -50 meV. PbSe QDs with sizes 2.5, 2.6, 3.0, 3,7 and 5.1 nm have strong luminescence at 1050, 1100, 1300, 1500 and 1650 nm with Stokes shift 355-60 meV. Glasses doped with PbS(Se) QDs provide potential as robust materials for broadband optic amplifiers.

  3. Luminescence properties of compounds of europium(III) with quinaldic acid and phosphor-containing neutral ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalinovskaya, I. V.

    2016-06-01

    Luminescent complex mixed-ligand compounds of europium(III) with quinaldic acid and phosphor- containing neutral ligands have been obtained. Their composition and structure have been determined. The thermal and spectral-luminescent properties of the obtained complex mixed-ligand compounds of europium( III) have been studied. It is shown that, during thermolysis, a water molecule and neutral ligand are detached in two stages with endothermic effects. It is established that quinaldinate ion is coordinated to europium(III) ion in a bidentate fashion. The Stark structure of the 5 D 0-7 F j ( j = 0, 1, 2) transitions in low-temperature luminescence spectra of complex compounds of europium(III) has been analyzed.

  4. Coordination properties of a diarylaza crown ether appended with a luminescent [Ru(bipy)3]2+ unit.

    PubMed

    Charbonnière, Loïc J; Ziessel, Raymond F; Sams, Craig A; Harriman, Anthony

    2003-06-02

    The [Ru(bipy)(2)(1)](PF(6))(2) (bipy refers to 2,2'-bipyridine) complex, comprising a ruthenium(II) tris(2,2'-bipyridine) luminophore covalently linked to a di[(o-triethyleneglycoxy)phenyl]amine crown ether 1, has been synthesized and fully characterized. The photophysical properties of this metal complex have been examined in solution at ambient temperature. Luminescence from the metal complex is enhanced significantly in the presence of various adventitious cations, including protons. In particular, Li(+) cations bind to the crown ether, as evidenced by (1)H NMR and luminescence spectroscopy. Cation binding serves to decrease the rate of reductive quenching of the triplet state of the metal complex, thereby increasing the extent of luminescence. The solution-phase conformation of [Ru(bipy)(2)(1)](PF(6))(2), with and without encapsulated Li(+), has been examined by 2-D NMR and by molecular dynamics simulations.

  5. Spectral and Luminescent Properties of Oxyfluoride Glasses Codoped with (Yb3+, Eu3+) and (Yb3+, Tb3+)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vilejshikova, E. V.; Loiko, P. A.; Rachkovskaya, G. E.; Zakharevich, G. B.; Yumashev, K. V.

    2016-09-01

    The spectral and luminescent properties of SiO2-PbO-PbF2-CdF2 oxyfl uoride glasses doped with Yb3+, Eu3+, and Tb3+ were investigated. The lifetime τ( 5D0) of Eu3+ in glasses doped with Eu2O3 was 1.73 ms; τ( 5D4) of Tb3+, 2.25 ms. Intense red and green up-conversion luminescence due to cooperative energy transfer from Yb3+—Yb3+ pairs to Eu3+ and Tb3+ was observed for glasses codoped with (Yb3+, Eu3+) and (Yb3+, Tb3+) upon excitation at 960 nm into the Yb3+ absorption band. Down-conversion luminescence of Yb3+ ions in the vicinity of ~1 μm was detected upon excitation by UV light of wavelength 355 nm.

  6. Density functional theory predictions for blue luminescence and nonlinear optical properties of carbon-doped gallium nitride

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, XiaoLin; Zhang, YongFan; Zhuang, NaiFeng; Li, JunQian

    2010-12-01

    The TD-B3LYP method and the plane-wave formalism of DFT method were applied to predict the blue luminescence and nonlinear optical effect of C-doped GaN, respectively. The introduction of carbon dopant will generate different acceptor or donor levels, which are mainly composed by p electronic state, within the energy gap of GaN. Exploring the calculated luminescence spectra based on the optimized excited-state structure, C N:GaN exhibits high luminescence intensity and has nice monochromatic property. In addition, the corresponding second-order nonlinear optical coefficients are considerable, χ(2)xzx=-15.07 pm/V and χ(2)zzz=26.91 pm/V, which are about 28 times and 50 times of the second-order optical coefficient of KDP crystal.

  7. Site characterization using a portable optically stimulated luminescence reader: delineating disrupted stratigraphy in Holocene eolian deposits on the Canadian Great Plains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Munyikwa, K.; Gilliland, K.; Gibson, T.; Plumb, E.

    2012-12-01

    The use of portable optically stimulated luminescence (POSL) readers to elucidate on complex depositional sequences has been demonstrated in a number of recent studies. POSL readers are robust versions of the traditional lab-bound luminescence readers and they can be used in the field, allowing for rapid decisions to be made when collecting samples for dating. Furthermore, in contrast with lab-bound readers, POSL readers can perform measurements on bulk samples, negating the need to carry out time-intensive mineralogical separations. The POSL reader is equipped with both infra-red and blue light (OSL) stimulating sources such that signal separation during measurement can be carried out by selectively exciting feldspar using the IR source (IRSL) after which a quartz dominant signal is obtained from the same sample using post-IR blue OSL. The signals obtained are then plotted to give luminescence profiles that depict the variation of the luminescence signal with depth. Signal intensities depend on mineralogical concentrations, grain luminescence sensitivities, dose rates as well as on burial ages of the grains. Where all these variables, apart from the burial age, are held constant up the depositional sequence the luminescence profile serves as a proxy for the chronostratigraphy. As a contribution to a growing archive of studies that have employed POSL readers to unravel complex depositional sequences, this study uses a POSL system developed by the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre to characterize the stratigraphy at an archaeological site that lies next to an oilfield plant located on a Holocene fossil dune landscape in southern Alberta, Canada. Oilfield activity was initiated at the site several decades ago and it involved the laying of pipelines below ground which disturbed considerable archaeological deposits. Subsequent work led to the discovery of the archeological site which was previously occupied by ancestral indigenous peoples at various

  8. Effects of doping concentration and co-doping with cerium on the luminescence properties of Gd3Ga5O12:Cr3+ for thermometry applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pareja, Jhon; Litterscheid, Christian; Molina, Alejandro; Albert, Barbara; Kaiser, Bernhard; Dreizler, Andreas

    2015-09-01

    The accuracy of surface temperature measurements using thermographic phosphors relies on an extensive knowledge of the temperature-dependent properties of the phosphor. This paper addresses the effects of doping concentration and co-doping with cerium on the luminescence properties of the Gd3Ga5O12:Cr3+ phosphor. High-crystallinity Gd3Ga5O12:Cr3+,Ce3+ powder samples (GGG:Cr,Ce) with different Cr3+ and Ce3+ concentrations were synthesized, and their luminescence spectra as well as their decay lifetime properties were characterized after UV laser excitation. Results revealed that the concentration quenching decreases the luminescence lifetime at concentrations above 0.5 mol% Cr3+ while the emission spectrum remains independent of the Cr3+ concentration. Co-doping with small amounts of Ce3+ improves the temperature-dependent luminescence characteristics by reducing the afterglow and producing fairly mono-exponential luminescence decays without changing the lifetime.

  9. Series of chiral interpenetrating 3d-4f heterometallic MOFs: Luminescent sensors and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiaolei; Chen, Chen; Liu, Xiaoli; Gao, Peng; Hu, Ming

    2017-09-01

    Series of chiral 3d-4f heterometallic MOFs based on a multidentate terpyridyl carboxylic acid ligand have been synthesized under the solvothermal conditions, namely, [LnZnL(CO3)2(H2O)]n (Ln = Eu (1), Gd (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), Er (5), Tm (6), Yb (7), Lu (8)) (HL = 4‧-(4-carboxyphenyl)-2,2‧:6‧,2″-terpyridine). Compounds 1-8 were structurally characterized by the elemental analyses, infrared spectra, and single crystal X-ray diffractions. Compounds 1-8 exhibit the chiral interpenetrating 3D frameworks. Interestingly, 1 can serve as the luminescent sensor to detect nitrobenzene molecules with high sensitivity. The investigations on CD spectra of single crystals clearly assigned the Cotton effect, indicating that there exist two chiral enantiomers of 1-8 in the course of crystallization. The magnetic properties of 2 and 7 were exploited, respectively.

  10. Positional-dependent luminescence property of β-SiAlON:Eu2+ phosphor particle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Chenning; Uchikoshi, Tetsuo; Liu, Lihong; Dierre, Benjamin; Sakka, Yoshio; Hirosaki, Naoto

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between the luminescence property and particle faces of the β-SiAlON:Eu2+ phosphors was investigated by performing the cathodoluminescence (CL) measurements on the tip and side faces of the rod-like phosphor particles. It was found a positional dependence of the CL intensity on the particle faces, that is, the side face possessed higher CL intensity than the tip face, probably due to uneven distribution of the Eu2+ sites in the β-SiAlON host particles: the Eu2+ ions more intensively concentrated at the side face of the particle, particularly at the central area of the side face, than at the tip face.

  11. Synthesis, characterization and luminescent properties of lanthanide complexes with a novel multipodal ligand.

    PubMed

    Yan, Zhen-Zhong; Hou, Na; Wang, Cong-Min

    2015-02-25

    Solid complexes of lanthanide nitrates with an novel multipodal ligand, 1,2,4,5-tetramethyl-3,6-bis{N,N-bis[((2'-furfurylaminoformyl)phenoxyl)ethyl]-aminomethyl}-benzene (L) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, infrared spectra and molar conductivity measurements. At the same time, the luminescent properties of the Sm(III), Eu(III), Tb(III) and Dy(III) nitrate complexes in solid state were investigated. Under the excitation of UV light, these complexes exhibited characteristic emission of central metal ions. The lowest triplet state energy level of the ligand indicates that the triplet state energy level (T1) of the ligand matches better the resonance level of Tb(III) than other lanthanide ions.

  12. Luminescence properties of Lu3Al5O12:Tb3+ nano-garnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Praveena, R.; Shim, Jae Jeong; Cai, Peiqing; Seo, Hyo Jin; Chung, Wan-Young; Kwon, Tae Ha; Jayasankar, C. K.; Haritha, P.; Venkatramu, V.

    2014-06-01

    Trivalent terbium-doped lutetium-aluminate nano-garnet (Lu3Al5O12:Tb3+) powder was prepared by using the Pechini sol-gel process. The structure and crystallinity of the Lu3Al5O12:Tb3+ nano-garnet were characterized by using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The green emission of Tb3+ ions is observed at 545 nm corresponding to the 5D4 → 7F5 transition under the 271-nm excitation. The temperature dependent luminescence properties of the Lu3Al5O12:Tb3+ nano-garnet are investigated. The results show that the present garnet exhibits better thermal stability than the other green emitting phosphors, hence, the Lu3Al5O12:Tb3+ phosphor is a promising candidate for light-emitting devices.

  13. Polyaniline-coated upconversion nanoparticles with upconverting luminescent and photothermal conversion properties for photothermal cancer therapy.

    PubMed

    Xing, Yadong; Li, Luoyuan; Ai, Xicheng; Fu, Limin

    In this study, we developed a nanosystem based on upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) coated with a layer of polyaniline nanoparticles (PANPs). The UCNP induces upconversion luminescence for imaging and photothermal conversion properties are due to PANPs. In vitro experiments showed that the UCNPs-PANPs were nontoxic to cells even at a high concentration (800 µg mL(-1)). Blood analysis and histological experiments demonstrated that the UCNPs-PANPs exhibited no apparent toxicity in mice in vivo. Besides their efficacy in photothermal cancer cell ablation, the UCNP-PANP nanosystem was found to achieve an effective in vivo tumor ablation effect after irradiation using an 808 nm laser. These results demonstrate the potential of the hybrid nanocomposites for use in imaging-guided photothermal therapy.

  14. Investigation of InGaN/GaN laser degradation based on luminescence properties

    SciTech Connect

    Wen, Pengyan; Zhang, Shuming Liu, Jianping; Li, Deyao; Zhang, Liqun; Sun, Qian; Tian, Aiqin; Zhou, Kun; Yang, Hui; Zhou, Taofei

    2016-06-07

    Degradation of InGaN/GaN laser diode (LD) is investigated based on the luminescence properties. Gradual degradation of the LD is presented with the threshold current increase and the slope efficiency decrease. The cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence characterizations of the LD show a dislocation independent degradation of the active region under the ridge. Detailed studies on the temperature-dependent micro-photoluminescence and the electroluminescence indicate that the degradation of the LD is attributed to the generation of non-radiative recombination centers in the local multiple quantum well regions with lower indium content. The activation energy of the non-radiative recombination centers is about 10.2 meV.

  15. Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties of novel ordered sphere CePO(4) hierarchical architectures.

    PubMed

    Yang, Mei; You, Hongpeng; Zheng, Yuhua; Liu, Kai; Jia, Guang; Song, Yanhua; Huang, Yeju; Zhang, Lihui; Zhang, Hongjie

    2009-12-21

    The ordered-sphere CePO(4) hierarchical architectures have been successfully synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method through the controlled growth of the CePO(4) nanorods and self-assemble hierarchical structure under various reaction conditions. The evolution of the morphology of the samples has been investigated in detail. It was found that the coexistence of citric acid and cetaltrimethylammonium bromide in the reaction system plays an important role in the formation of the spherical CePO(4) hierarchical architectures. A possible mechanism of the formation and growth of the hierarchical structure was suggested according to the experimental results and analysis. The effects of the reaction time as well as the variation of the morphologies on the luminescent properties of the products were also studied.

  16. Luminescence properties of Dy3+ doped lanthanum-calcium-silicaborate glass scintillator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, J. M.; Ha, D. H.; Lee, S. W.; Chanthima, N.; Ruangtaweep, Y.; Kaewkhao, J.

    2016-09-01

    In this research Dy3+-doped lanthanum-calcium-silicaborate glass scintillators, with the formula 25La2O3: 10CaO: 10SiO2: (55-x)B2O3: xDy2O3, were fabricated by using the melt-quenching technique. For the Dy3+ doping concentrations from 0.05 mol% to 0.5 mol% studied the luminescence properties of the Dy3+-doped glass scintillators with various radiation sources, such as X-ray, photo-, laser, and proton. To understand the absorption state, we measured the transmittance spectrum. Furthermore, X-ray, photo- and proton-induced emission spectra were measured to study the transition states of Dy3+-doped glass scintillators. The laser-induced emission spectra were measured at low temperatures in the range from 10 K to 300 K.

  17. Photocatalytic and luminescent properties of three novel complexes based on a pyridine-pyrimidine-hydrazone ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Zhouqing; Mao, Xianjie; Zhang, Peiling; Li, Huijun; Wang, Yuan; Liu, Miaomiao; Jia, Lei

    2017-01-01

    Three novel complexes, namely {[Zn3(L)2(SO4)2(H2O)4]·2H2O}n (1), {[Cd(L)(OAc)]}n (2) and [Hg2(L)(I)3]2 (3) (HL = N‧ - isonicotinoylpyrimidine -2- carbohydrazonamide), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectra and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyze. The 1D complex 1 and complex 2, and the binuclear complex 3 are expanded to 3D networkers by the strong hydrogen bonds and π-π stacking interactions. The photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) results indicate that complexes 1-3 are excellent candidates as photocatalysts in decomposing MB with the presence of H2O2. In addition, the luminescent properties of these three complexes have been studied in the solid state.

  18. Polyaniline-coated upconversion nanoparticles with upconverting luminescent and photothermal conversion properties for photothermal cancer therapy

    PubMed Central

    Xing, Yadong; Li, Luoyuan; Ai, Xicheng; Fu, Limin

    2016-01-01

    In this study, we developed a nanosystem based on upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) coated with a layer of polyaniline nanoparticles (PANPs). The UCNP induces upconversion luminescence for imaging and photothermal conversion properties are due to PANPs. In vitro experiments showed that the UCNPs-PANPs were nontoxic to cells even at a high concentration (800 µg mL−1). Blood analysis and histological experiments demonstrated that the UCNPs-PANPs exhibited no apparent toxicity in mice in vivo. Besides their efficacy in photothermal cancer cell ablation, the UCNP-PANP nanosystem was found to achieve an effective in vivo tumor ablation effect after irradiation using an 808 nm laser. These results demonstrate the potential of the hybrid nanocomposites for use in imaging-guided photothermal therapy. PMID:27621625

  19. Luminescent properties of Tm3-xLuxAl5O12:Ce single crystalline films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zorenko, Yu.; Gorbenko, V.; Zorenko, T.; Suchocki, A.; Zhydachevskyy, Ya.; Fabisiak, K.; Paprocki, K.; Bilski, P.; Twardak, A.; Fedorov, A.

    2017-07-01

    The work devoted to the investigation of a new luminescent and scintillation material based on the single crystalline films (SCFs) of Tm3-xLuxAG:Ce garnet; x = 0-1.5, grown by LPE method from PbO based flux. The best scintillation properties are achieved for SCFs of Tm1.5Lu1.5Al5O12:Ce composition. We have found that direct Tm → Ce and backside Ce → Tm energy transfer processes are observed in Tm1.5Lu1.5Al5O12:Ce. Due to elimination of traps in the 300-450 °C range, the relatively fast scintillation decay is realized in highly doped Tm1.5Lu1.5Al5O12:Ce SCFs. For this reason, Tm doping can be considered as a suitable way for improvement of the scintillation efficiency in other Ce3+ doped garnet compounds.

  20. Influence of substrate miscut angle on surface morphology and luminescence properties of AlGaN

    SciTech Connect

    Kusch, Gunnar Edwards, Paul R.; Bruckbauer, Jochen; Martin, Robert W.; Li, Haoning; Parbrook, Peter J.; Sadler, Thomas C.

    2014-03-03

    The influence of substrate miscut on Al{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 0.5} N layers was investigated using cathodoluminescence (CL) hyperspectral imaging and secondary electron imaging in an environmental scanning electron microscope. The samples were also characterized using atomic force microscopy and high resolution X-ray diffraction. It was found that small changes in substrate miscut have a strong influence on the morphology and luminescence properties of the AlGaN layers. Two different types are resolved. For low miscut angle, a crack-free morphology consisting of randomly sized domains is observed, between which there are notable shifts in the AlGaN near band edge emission energy. For high miscut angle, a morphology with step bunches and compositional inhomogeneities along the step bunches, evidenced by an additional CL peak along the step bunches, are observed.

  1. Synthesis, characterisation, optical and luminescence properties of CoAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}

    SciTech Connect

    Agilandeswari, K.; Kumar, A. Ruban

    2015-06-24

    Solid state method has been used as an efficient method to synthesize blue pigment CoAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} at a temperature of 800°C. The products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and luminescent spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction pattern confirmed the formation of single phase CoAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}. Optical properties of CoAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramic shows an energy band gap in the range of 3.10eV. The emission spectra of spinel CoAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} in the visible region confirmed the presence of tetrahedral coordinated Co{sup 2+} ions.

  2. The morphology, microstructure, and luminescent properties of CdS/CdTe films

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Jassim, M.M.; Dhere, R.G.; Jones, K.M.; Hasoon, F.S.; Sheldon, P.

    1998-09-01

    This paper is concerned with the characterization of CdS/CdTe polycrystalline thin films for solar cells. The morphology, microstructure, and luminescent properties are studied by a powerful array of characterization techniques. The presence of pinholes in 100-nm thick CdS is observed. The microstructure of CdS and CdTe films is shown to be heavily faulted polycrystalline. The effect of deposition temperature on the grain size and the microstructure is investigated. The interdiffusion of sulfur and tellurium at the CdS/CdTe interface is studied for the first time by a nanoprobe technique. Considerable amount of sulfur is detected in CdTe in the vicinity of the interface of samples deposited at 625 C. The recombination behavior of grain boundaries and intragrain defects is investigated in as-deposited and heat-treated samples.

  3. Synthesis, structure and luminescence properties of lanthanide complex with a new tetrapodal ligand featuring salicylamide arms

    SciTech Connect

    Song Xueqin; Wen Xiaoguang; Liu Weisheng; Wang Daqi

    2010-01-15

    A new tetrapodal ligand 1,1,1-tetrakis{l_brace}[(2'-(2-furfurylaminoformyl))phenoxyl]methyl{r_brace}methane (L) has been prepared and their coordination chemistry with Ln{sup III} ions has been investigated. The structure of {l_brace}[Ln{sub 4}L{sub 3}(NO{sub 3}){sub 12}].H{sub 2}O{r_brace}{sub i}nfinity (Ln=Nd, Eu)] shows the binodal 4,3-connected three-dimensional interpenetration coordination polymers with topology of a (8{sup 6}){sub 3}(8{sup 3}){sub 4} notation. [DyL(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}].0.5CH{sub 3}OH and [ErL(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O) (CH{sub 3}OH)].CH{sub 3}COCH{sub 3} is a 1:1 mononuclear complex with interesting supramolecular features. The structure of [NdL(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}].3ClO{sub 4}.3H{sub 2}O is a 2:1 mononuclear complex which further self-assembled through hydrogen bond to form a three-dimensional supramolecular structures. The result presented here indicates that both subtle variation of the terminal group and counter anions can be applied in the modulation of the overall molecular structures of lanthanide complex of salicylamide derivatives due to the structure specialties of this type of ligand. The luminescence properties of the Eu{sup III} complex are also studied in detail. - Grapical Abstract: We present here a series of zero- to three-dimensional lanthanide coordination structures and luminescence properties of Eu(III) complex of a new tetrapodal ligand.

  4. Structure and luminescence properties of thermally nitrided Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Hyunsu; Jin, Changhyun; Park, Sunghoon; Lee, Wan In; Lee, Chongmu

    2013-02-15

    Graphical abstract: The as-synthesized Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires exhibited a broad emission band at approximately 570 nm in the green region. In contrast, the thermally nitrided Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires exhibited a much stronger emission band at approximately 455 nm in the blue region. Display Omitted Highlights: ► The structure and luminescence properties of thermally nitrided Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires were examined. ► A uniform GaN shell layer was formed on the surface of the nanowires by thermal nitridation. ► The as-synthesized Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires exhibited a broad yellow emission. ► The nitrided Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires exhibited a much stronger blue emission band due to the GaN shell layer. -- Abstract: The structure and luminescence properties of thermally nitrided Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires were examined. Transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction confirmed the formation of a uniform GaN shell layer on the surface of the nanowires by thermal nitridation. The core and shell of the nitrided nanowires were monoclinic-structured single crystal Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} and wurtzite-type hexagonal close-packed-structured single crystal GaN, respectively. The as-synthesized Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires exhibited a broad emission band at approximately 570 nm in the yellow region. In contrast, the nitrided Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanowires exhibited a much stronger emission band at approximately 455 nm in the blue region, which must originate from the newly formed GaN shell layer.

  5. Determination of average LET of therapeutic proton beams using Al2O3:C optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) detectors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sawakuchi, Gabriel O.; Sahoo, Narayan; Gasparian, Patricia B. R.; Rodriguez, Matthew G.; Archambault, Louis; Titt, Uwe; Yukihara, Eduardo G.

    2010-09-01

    In this work we present a methodology and proof of concept to experimentally determine average linear energy transfer (LET) of therapeutic proton beams using the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of small Al2O3:C detectors. Our methodology is based on the fact that the shape of the OSL decay curve of Al2O3:C detectors depends on the LET of the radiation field. Thus, one can use the shape of the OSL decay curves to establish an LET calibration curve, which in turn permits measurements of LET. We performed irradiations at the M D Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center, Houston (PTCH), with passive scattering beams. We determined the average LET of the passive scattering beams using a validated Monte Carlo model of the PTCH passive scattering nozzle and correlated them with the shape of the OSL decay curve to obtain an LET calibration curve. Using this calibration curve and OSL measurements, we determined the averaged LET at various water-equivalent depths for therapeutic spread-out Bragg peaks and compared the results with averaged LETs determined using the Monte Carlo simulations. Agreement between measured and simulated fluence-averaged LET was within 24% for low energy spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) fields and within 14% for high energy SOBP fields. Agreement between measured and simulated dose-averaged LET was within 12% for low energy SOBP fields and within 47% for high energy SOBP fields. The data presented in this work demonstrated the correlation between the OSL decay curve shapes and the average LET of the radiation fields, providing proof of concept of the feasibility of using OSL from Al2O3:C detectors to measure average LET of therapeutic proton beams.

  6. Effect of high-dose irradiation on the optically stimulated luminescence of Al2O3:C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yukihara, E. G.; Whitley, V. H.; McKeever, S. W. S.; Akselrod, A. E.; Akselrod, M. S.

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of high-dose irradiation on the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of Al2O3:C, principally on the shape of the OSL decay curve and on the OSL sensitivity. The effect of the degree of deep trap filling on the OSL was also studied by monitoring the sensitivity changes after doses of beta irradiation and after step-annealing of samples previously irradiated with high doses. The OSL response to dose shows a linear-supralinear-saturation behavior, with a decrease in the response for doses higher than those required for saturation. This behavior correlates with the sensitivity changes observed in the samples annealed only to 773 K, which show sensitization for doses up to 20-50 Gy and desensitization for higher doses. Data from the step-annealing study leads to the suggestion that the sensitization is caused by the filling of deep electron traps, which become thermally unstable at 1100-1200 K, whereas the desensitization is caused by the filling of deep hole traps, which become thermally unstable at 800-875 K, along with a concomitant decrease in the concentration of recombination centers (F+ -centers). Changes in the shape of the OSL decay curves are also observed at high doses, the decay becoming faster as the dose increases. These changes in the OSL decay curves are discussed in terms of multiple overlapping components, each characterized by different photoionization cross-sections. However, using numerical solutions of the rate equations for a simple model consisting of a main trap and a recombination center, it is shown that the kinetics of OSL process may also be partially responsible for the changes in the OSL curves at high doses in Al2O3:C. Finally, the implication of these results for the dosimetry of heavy charged particles is discussed. c2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Effect of high-dose irradiation on the optically stimulated luminescence of Al2O3:C.

    PubMed

    Yukihara, E G; Whitley, V H; McKeever, S W S; Akselrod, A E; Akselrod, M S

    2004-06-01

    This paper examines the effect of high-dose irradiation on the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of Al2O3:C, principally on the shape of the OSL decay curve and on the OSL sensitivity. The effect of the degree of deep trap filling on the OSL was also studied by monitoring the sensitivity changes after doses of beta irradiation and after step-annealing of samples previously irradiated with high doses. The OSL response to dose shows a linear-supralinear-saturation behavior, with a decrease in the response for doses higher than those required for saturation. This behavior correlates with the sensitivity changes observed in the samples annealed only to 773 K, which show sensitization for doses up to 20-50 Gy and desensitization for higher doses. Data from the step-annealing study leads to the suggestion that the sensitization is caused by the filling of deep electron traps, which become thermally unstable at 1100-1200 K, whereas the desensitization is caused by the filling of deep hole traps, which become thermally unstable at 800-875 K, along with a concomitant decrease in the concentration of recombination centers (F+ -centers). Changes in the shape of the OSL decay curves are also observed at high doses, the decay becoming faster as the dose increases. These changes in the OSL decay curves are discussed in terms of multiple overlapping components, each characterized by different photoionization cross-sections. However, using numerical solutions of the rate equations for a simple model consisting of a main trap and a recombination center, it is shown that the kinetics of OSL process may also be partially responsible for the changes in the OSL curves at high doses in Al2O3:C. Finally, the implication of these results for the dosimetry of heavy charged particles is discussed. c2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Evaluation of an X-Ray Dose Profile Derived from an Optically Stimulated Luminescent Dosimeter during Computed Tomographic Fluoroscopy

    PubMed Central

    Hasegawa, Hiroaki; Sato, Masanori; Tanaka, Hiroshi

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate scatter radiation dose to the subject surface during X-ray computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy using the integrated dose ratio (IDR) of an X-ray dose profile derived from an optically stimulated luminescent (OSL) dosimeter. We aimed to obtain quantitative evidence supporting the radiation protection methods used during previous CT fluoroscopy. A multislice CT scanner was used to perform this study. OSL dosimeters were placed on the top and the lateral side of the chest phantom so that the longitudinal direction of dosimeters was parallel to the orthogonal axis-to-slice plane for measurement of dose profiles in CT fluoroscopy. Measurement of fluoroscopic conditions was performed at 120 kVp and 80 kVp. Scatter radiation dose was evaluated by calculating the integrated dose determined by OSL dosimetry. The overall percent difference of the integrated doses between OSL dosimeters and ionization chamber was 5.92%. The ratio of the integrated dose of a 100-mm length area to its tails (−50 to −6 mm, 50 to 6 mm) was the lowest on the lateral side at 80 kVp and the highest on the top at 120 kVp. The IDRs for different measurement positions were larger at 120 kVp than at 80 kVp. Similarly, the IDRs for the tube voltage between the primary X-ray beam and scatter radiation was larger on the lateral side than on the top of the phantom. IDR evaluation suggested that the scatter radiation dose has a high dependence on the position and a low dependence on tube voltage relative to the primary X-ray beam for constant dose rate fluoroscopic conditions. These results provided quantitative evidence supporting the radiation protection methods used during CT fluoroscopy in previous studies. PMID:26151914

  9. Effect of high-dose irradiation on the optically stimulated luminescence of Al2O3:C

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yukihara, E. G.; Whitley, V. H.; McKeever, S. W. S.; Akselrod, A. E.; Akselrod, M. S.

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of high-dose irradiation on the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of Al2O3:C, principally on the shape of the OSL decay curve and on the OSL sensitivity. The effect of the degree of deep trap filling on the OSL was also studied by monitoring the sensitivity changes after doses of beta irradiation and after step-annealing of samples previously irradiated with high doses. The OSL response to dose shows a linear-supralinear-saturation behavior, with a decrease in the response for doses higher than those required for saturation. This behavior correlates with the sensitivity changes observed in the samples annealed only to 773 K, which show sensitization for doses up to 20-50 Gy and desensitization for higher doses. Data from the step-annealing study leads to the suggestion that the sensitization is caused by the filling of deep electron traps, which become thermally unstable at 1100-1200 K, whereas the desensitization is caused by the filling of deep hole traps, which become thermally unstable at 800-875 K, along with a concomitant decrease in the concentration of recombination centers (F+ -centers). Changes in the shape of the OSL decay curves are also observed at high doses, the decay becoming faster as the dose increases. These changes in the OSL decay curves are discussed in terms of multiple overlapping components, each characterized by different photoionization cross-sections. However, using numerical solutions of the rate equations for a simple model consisting of a main trap and a recombination center, it is shown that the kinetics of OSL process may also be partially responsible for the changes in the OSL curves at high doses in Al2O3:C. Finally, the implication of these results for the dosimetry of heavy charged particles is discussed. c2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. SU-E-T-600: In Vivo Dosimetry for Total Body and Total Marrow Irradiations with Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeters

    SciTech Connect

    Niedbala, M; Save, C; Cygler, J

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of using optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) for in-vivo dosimetry of patients undergoing Total Body and Total Marrow Irradiations (TBI and TMI). Methods: TBI treatments of 12 Gy were delivered in 6 BID fractions with the patient on a moving couch under a static 10 MV beam (Synergy, Elekta). TMI treatments of 18 Gy in 9 BID fractions were planned and delivered using a 6 MV TomoTherapy unit (Accuray). To provide a uniform dose to the entire patient length, the treatment was split into 2 adjacent fields junctioned in the thigh region. Our standard clinical practice involves in vivo dosimetry with MOSFETs for each TBI fraction and TLDs for at least one fraction of the TMI treatment for dose verification. In this study we also used OSLDs. Individual calibration coefficients were obtained for the OSLDs based on irradiations in a solid water phantom to the dose of 50 cGy from Elekta Synergy 10 MV (TBI) and 6 MV (TMI) beams. Calibration coefficients were calculated based on the OSLDs readings taken 2 hrs post-irradiation. For in vivo dosimetry OSLDs were placed alongside MOSFETs for TBI patients and in approximately the same locations as the TLDs for TMI patients. OSLDs were read 2 hours post treatment and compared to the MOSFET and TLD results. Results: OSLD measured doses agreed within 5% with MOSFET and TLD results, with the exception of the junction region in the TMI patient due to very high dose gradient and difficulty of precise and reproducible detector placement. Conclusion: OSLDs are useful for in vivo dosimetry of TBI and TMI patients. The quick post-treatment readout is an advantage over TLDs, allowing the results to be obtained between BID fractions, while wireless detectors are advantageous over MOSFETs for treatments involving a moving couch.

  11. Exposure to Static Magnetic Field Stimulates Quorum Sensing Circuit in Luminescent Vibrio Strains of the Harveyi Clade

    PubMed Central

    Talà, Adelfia; Delle Side, Domenico; Buccolieri, Giovanni; Tredici, Salvatore Maurizio; Velardi, Luciano; Paladini, Fabio; De Stefano, Mario; Nassisi, Vincenzo; Alifano, Pietro

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the evidence of electron-dense magnetic inclusions with polyhedral shape in the cytoplasm of Harveyi clade Vibrio strain PS1, a bioluminescent bacterium living in symbiosis with marine organisms, led us to investigate the behavior of this bacterium under exposure to static magnetic fields ranging between 20 and 2000 Gauss. When compared to sham-exposed, the light emission of magnetic field-exposed bacteria growing on solid medium at 18°C ±0.1°C was increased up to two-fold as a function of dose and growth phase. Stimulation of bioluminescence by magnetic field was more pronounced during the post-exponential growth and stationary phase, and was lost when bacteria were grown in the presence of the iron chelator deferoxamine, which caused disassembly of the magnetic inclusions suggesting their involvement in magnetic response. As in luminescent Vibrio spp. bioluminescence is regulated by quorum sensing, possible effects of magnetic field exposure on quorum sensing were investigated. Measurement of mRNA levels by reverse transcriptase real time-PCR demonstrated that luxR regulatory gene and luxCDABE operon coding for luciferase and fatty acid reductase complex were significantly up-regulated in magnetic field-exposed bacteria. In contrast, genes coding for a type III secretion system, whose expression was negatively affected by LuxR, were down-regulated. Up-regulation of luxR paralleled with down-regulation of small RNAs that mediate destabilization of luxR mRNA in quorum sensing signaling pathways. The results of experiments with the well-studied Vibrio campbellii strain BB120 (originally classified as Vibrio harveyi) and derivative mutants unable to synthesize autoinducers suggest that the effects of magnetic fields on quorum sensing may be mediated by AI-2, the interspecies quorum sensing signal molecule. PMID:24960170

  12. Determination of average LET of therapeutic proton beams using Al2O3:C optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) detectors.

    PubMed

    Sawakuchi, Gabriel O; Sahoo, Narayan; Gasparian, Patricia B R; Rodriguez, Matthew G; Archambault, Louis; Titt, Uwe; Yukihara, Eduardo G

    2010-09-07

    In this work we present a methodology and proof of concept to experimentally determine average linear energy transfer (LET) of therapeutic proton beams using the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of small Al(2)O(3):C detectors. Our methodology is based on the fact that the shape of the OSL decay curve of Al(2)O(3):C detectors depends on the LET of the radiation field. Thus, one can use the shape of the OSL decay curves to establish an LET calibration curve, which in turn permits measurements of LET. We performed irradiations at the M D Anderson Cancer Center Proton Therapy Center, Houston (PTCH), with passive scattering beams. We determined the average LET of the passive scattering beams using a validated Monte Carlo model of the PTCH passive scattering nozzle and correlated them with the shape of the OSL decay curve to obtain an LET calibration curve. Using this calibration curve and OSL measurements, we determined the averaged LET at various water-equivalent depths for therapeutic spread-out Bragg peaks and compared the results with averaged LETs determined using the Monte Carlo simulations. Agreement between measured and simulated fluence-averaged LET was within 24% for low energy spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) fields and within 14% for high energy SOBP fields. Agreement between measured and simulated dose-averaged LET was within 12% for low energy SOBP fields and within 47% for high energy SOBP fields. The data presented in this work demonstrated the correlation between the OSL decay curve shapes and the average LET of the radiation fields, providing proof of concept of the feasibility of using OSL from Al(2)O(3):C detectors to measure average LET of therapeutic proton beams.

  13. Re-evaluating the tephrochronology of the Palouse Loess, Washington State, using optically stimulated luminescence dating and single-shard major- and trace-element analyses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, G. E.; Roberts, H. M.; Pearce, N. J.; Gaylord, D.; Sweeney, M.; Duller, G. A.; Smith, V.

    2013-12-01

    Tephra derived from Mount St Helens (MSH) are a critical component of the tephrochronology of the Palouse Loess region, Washington State, USA. New analyses of both source-proximal and -distal tephra units from Washington State using paired major-element and LA-ICP-MS trace-element geochemistry have been undertaken. These analyses reveal that MSH tephra commonly employed to constrain the timing of loess deposition, including tephra from MSH eruptive sets S (~16 ka) and M (~22 ka), cannot be differentiated using major-element chemistry alone. Further, some distal tephra in the Palouse Loess which were previously assigned as MSH Set S on the basis of major-element geochemistry or stratigraphy are now suggested through trace-element analysis to be other tephra, including MSH Set M. Additional support for this re-evaluation of these Palouse Loess tephra units has been provided by luminescence dating of loess that brackets the tephra units. Single-aliquot optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) methods developed for quartz (e.g. Wintle and Murray, 2006), and a new method proposed for dating feldspars (Thomsen et al., 2008; using the ';post-IR IRSL' signal) have been applied at several sites. The ages generated are stratigraphically consistent within each site, and show agreement between the two luminescence methods. Whilst these newly generated luminescence ages are not consistent in all cases with previously published tephra assignments, they are consistent with the revised tephrochronology proposed on the basis of new trace-element geochemistry. This combination of major- plus trace-element geochemistry and luminescence chronology provides a coherent picture of the tephrochronology of the sites examined in the Palouse. More broadly, this highlights the importance of combining both detailed geochemistry and geochronology in areas where tephra are geochemically indistinct. References Wintle A.G. and Murray, A.S., 2006. A review of quartz optically stimulated luminescence

  14. Thermally stimulated luminescence of Mg-doped ZnO Nanophosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cruz-Vázquez, C.; Borbón-Nuñez, H. A.; Bernal, R.; Gaspar-Armenta, J. A.; Castaño, V. M.

    2014-05-01

    Nanosized ZnO:Mg phosphors were synthesized through a controlled chemical reaction. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed that Mg entered in a substitutive way in Zn sites. To investigate their thermoluminescence (TL) properties, some samples were exposed to beta-particle irradiation. The results reported here show that Mg doping improves ZnO TL features that are important for TL dosimetry applications, such as the shape of the glow curve, the temperature at which the maximum TL intensity is observed, and the TL fading and reproducibility. No saturation clues of the TL response as a function of the dose is observed for doses below 1600 Gy.

  15. Luminescent properties of YAlO3:Mn single crystalline films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zorenko, Yu; Gorbenko, V.; Savchyn, V.; Kuklinski, B.; Grinberg, M.; Bilski, P.; Gieszczyk, W.; Twardak, A.; Mandowski, A.; Mandowska, E.; Fedorov, A.

    2012-10-01

    The YAP:Mn single crystalline films (SCF) have been crystallized by liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) method onto YAP substrates. The cathode- (CL) and photo-luminescence (PL) spectra of the YAP:Mn SCF were analyzed for determination of the preferable valence states of manganese ions which are realized in these SCF depending on Mn content in the 0.01-0.81 at.% range. The thermoluminescence (TL) properties of YAP:Mn SCF with the different Mn content above the RT range were also examined in comparison with the properties of YAP:Mn single crystal counterpart. We show that YAP:Mn (0.01 at.%) SCF possesses effective TL properties both under α-particle and γ-quanta excitation with main TSL peaks at 130 and 195 °C. We assume that the different valence states of Mn ions are responsible for their TL properties, e.g. both emission and trapping centers in YAP:Mn are formed mainly by the different valence states of Mn ions.

  16. WE-D-17A-06: Optically Stimulated Luminescence Detectors as ‘LET-Meters’ in Proton Beams

    SciTech Connect

    Granville, D; Sahoo, N; Sawakuchi, GO

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To demonstrate and evaluate the potential of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) detectors (OSLDs) for measurements of linear energy transfer (LET) in therapeutic proton beams. Methods: Batches of Al2O2:C OSLDs were irradiated with an absorbed dose of 0.2 Gy in un-modulated proton beams of varying LET (0.67 keV/μm to 2.58 keV/μm). The OSLDs were read using continuous wave (CW-OSL) and pulsed (P-OSL) stimulation modes. We parameterized and calibrated three characteristics of the OSL signals as functions of LET: CW-OSL curve shape, P-OSL curve shape and the ratio of the two OSL emission band intensities (ultraviolet/blue ratio). Calibration curves were created for each of these characteristics to describe their behaviors as functions of LET. The true LET values were determined using a validated Monte Carlo model of the proton therapy nozzle used to irradiate the OSLDs. We then irradiated batches of OSLDs with an absorbed dose of 0.2 Gy at various depths in two modulated proton beams (140 MeV, 4 cm wide spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) and 250 MeV, 10 cm wide SOBP). The LET values were calculated using the OSL response and the calibration curves. Finally, measured LET values were compared to the true values determined using Monte Carlo simulations. Results: The CW-OSL curve shape, P-OSL curve shape and the ultraviolet/blue-ratio provided proton LET estimates within 12.4%, 5.7% and 30.9% of the true values, respectively. Conclusion: We have demonstrated that LET can be measured within 5.7% using Al2O3:C OSLDs in the therapeutic proton beams used in this investigation. From a single OSLD readout, it is possible to measure both the absorbed dose and LET. This has potential future applications in proton therapy quality assurance, particularly for treatment plans based on optimization of LET distributions. This research was partially supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.

  17. Synthesis, characterization and photo-physical properties of Eu(III) complexes and its luminescent thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sahoo, Jashobanta; lakshmi, D. Shanthana; Subramanian, Palani S.; George, T. M.; Reddy, M. L. P.

    2017-08-01

    Luminescent chiral europium(III) complexes EuLRCl3 (1) and EuLSCl3 (2) were synthesised [where LR and LS are schiff-base ligands of 2,9-dialdehyde 1,10-phenanthroline and (R) and (S) isomer of 2-amino-3-phenylpropanol]. These europium complexes depicting intense ;red luminescence; upon incorporating them in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) matrices a series of transparent, flexible thin films were fabricated. These complexes 1, 2 and the films 1a-1c, 2a-2c were investigated for their photophysical properties such as radiative (ARAD) and non-radiative (ANR) decay rates, lifetimes (τobs), radiative lifetime (τRAD), intrinsic quantum yield (ΦLn), energy transfer efficiencies (Φsen) and total quantum yields (Φoverall). This PVA material at higher concentration demonstrates an interesting LRET (Luminescence Resonance Energy Transfer) behaviour. Based on the detailed investigation of the photo-luminescent properties, a plausible mechanism was proposed for energy transfer process.

  18. Study of thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) from α-keratin protein found in human hairs and nails: potential use in radiation dosimetry.

    PubMed

    Mishra, D R; Soni, A; Rawat, N S; Bokam, G

    2016-05-01

    The thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) properties of human nails and hairs containing α-keratin proteins have been investigated. For the present studies, black hairs and finger nails were selectively collected from individuals with ages between 25 and 35 years. The collected hairs/nails were cut to a size of < 1 mm and cleaned with distilled water to remove dirt and other potential physical sources of contamination. All samples were optically beached with 470 nm of LED light at 60 mW/cm(2) intensity and irradiated by a (60)Co γ source. The hair and nail samples showed overlapping multiple TL glow peaks in the temperature range from 70 to 210 ° C. Continuous wave (CW)-OSL measurements of hair samples at a wavelength of 470 nm showed the presence of two distinct OSL components with photoionization cross section (PIC) values of about 1.65 × 10(-18) cm(2) and about 3.48 × 10(-19) cm(2), while measurements of nail samples showed PIC values of about 6.98 × 10(-18) cm(2) and about 8.7 × 10(-19) cm(2), respectively. This difference in PIC values for hair and nail samples from the same individual is attributed to different arrangement of α-keratin protein concentrations in the samples. The OSL sensitivity was found to vary ± 5 times among nail and hair samples from different individuals, with significant fading (60% in 11 h) at room temperature. The remaining signal (after fading) can be useful for dose estimation when a highly sensitive OSL reader is used. In the absorbed dose range of 100 mGy-100 Gy, both the TL and OSL signals of hair and nail samples showed linear dose dependence. The results obtained in the present study suggest that OSL using hair and nail samples may provide a supplementary method of dose estimation in radiological and nuclear emergencies.

  19. Technical Performance of the Luxel Al2O3:C Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosemeter Element at Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Accident Dose Levels

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Steven D.; Murphy, Mark K.

    2006-12-12

    The dose ranges typical for radiation oncology and nuclear accident dosimetry are on the order of 2?70 Gy and 0.1?5 Gy, respectively. In terms of solid-state passive dosimetry; thermoluminescent (TL) materials historically have been used extensively for these two applications, with silver-halide, leuco-dye, and BaFBr:Eu-based films being used on a more limited basis than TL for radiation oncology. This present work provides results on the performance of a film based on an aluminum oxide, Al2O3:C, for these dosimetry applications, using the optically-stimulated luminescence (OSL) readout method. There have been few investigations of Al2O3:C performance at radiation oncology and nuclear accident dose levels, and these have included minimal dosimetric and environmental effects information. Based on investigations already published, the authors of this present study determined that overall improvements over film and TLDs for this Al2O3:C OSL technology at radiation oncology and nuclear accident dose levels may include (1) a more tissue-equivalent response to photons compared to X-ray film, (2) higher sensitivity, (3) ability to reread dosemeters, and (4) diagnostic capability using small-area imaging. The results of the present investigation indicate that additional favorable performance characteristics for the Al2O3:C dosemeter are a wide dynamic range(0.001 to 100 Gy), a response insensitive to temperature and moisture over a wide range, negligible dose rate dependence, and minimal change in post-irradiation response. As a radiation detection medium, this OSL phosphor offers an assortment of dosimetry properties that will permit it to compete with current radiation detection technologies such as silver-halide, leuco-dye, and photostimulable-phosphor based films, as well as TLDs.

  20. Technical performance of the Luxel Al(2)O(3):C optically stimulated luminescence dosemeter element at radiation oncology and nuclear accident dose levels.

    PubMed

    Miller, Steven D; Murphy, Mark K

    2007-01-01

    The dose ranges typical for radiation oncology and nuclear accident dosimetry are on the order of 2-70 Gy and 0.1-5 Gy, respectively. In terms of solid-state passive dosimetry, thermoluminescent (TL) materials historically have been used extensively for these two applications, with silver-halide, leuco-dye and BaFBr:Eu-based films being used on a more limited basis than TL for radiation oncology. This present work provides results on the performance of a film based on an aluminum oxide, Al(2)O(3):C, for these dosimetry applications, using the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) readout method. There have been few investigations of Al(2)O(3):C performance at radiation oncology and nuclear accident dose levels, and these have included minimal dosimetric and environmental effects information. Based on investigations already published, the authors of this present study determined that overall improvements over film and TLDs for this Al(2)O(3):C OSL technology at radiation oncology and nuclear accident dose levels may include (1) a more tissue-equivalent response to photons compared to X-ray film, (2) higher sensitivity, (3) ability to reread dosemeters and (4) diagnostic capability using small-area imaging. The results of the present investigation indicate that additional favourable performance characteristics for the Al(2)O(3):C dosemeter are a wide dynamic range (0.001-100 Gy), a response insensitive to temperature and moisture over a wide range, negligible dose rate dependence, and minimal change in post-irradiation response. As a radiation detection medium, this OSL phosphor offers an assortment of dosimetry properties that will permit it to compete with current radiation detection technologies such as silver-halide, leuco-dye and photostimulable-phosphor-based films, as well as TLDs.

  1. Photon energy dependence of three fortuitous dosemeters from personal electronic devices, measured by optically stimulated luminescence.

    PubMed

    Beerten, Koen; Vanhavere, Filip

    2010-08-01

    New data are presented with regard to the relative OSL sensitivity of three different emergency dosemeters irradiated to various photon energies approximately between 48 and 1250 keV using blue excitation light. Investigated components extracted from commonly worn objects include those from USB flash drives (alumina substrate), mobile phones (Ba-rich silicate) and credit cards (chip card module). Several basic properties have been investigated such as the overall radiation sensitivity, the shape of the decay curve and fading of the OSL signal. An increase of the sensitivity for low energies relative to (60)Co gamma rays can be observed for the three dosemeters, the increase being very pronounced for the Ba-rich component (factor of 10) and less pronounced for the chip card module (factor of 2). It is concluded that proper dose correction factors for photon energy have to be applied in order to accurately determine the absorbed dose to tissue. The OSL sensitivity to neutron irradiation was investigated as well, but this was found to be less than the gamma sensitivity.

  2. [Synthesis and luminescent properties of novel red phosphor SrO . Y2O3 : Eu].

    PubMed

    Zhai, Yong-Qing; Yang, Guo-Zhong; Liu, Yu; Liu, Hong-Mei

    2008-03-01

    A novel red-emitting phosphor SrO . Y2O3 : Eu was synthesized by glycine combustion process. The phases and structure, the size and morphology, and the luminescent properties of the samples were investigated respectively by XRD, SEM and fluorescence spectrophotometer (FL). The results show that the samples include two phases, SrY2O4 and Y2O3, which belong to orthorhombic system and cubic system respectively. The particles of SrO . Y2O3 : Eu obtained at 1 200 degrees C are nearly spherical in shape, and the mean grain size is in the range of 100-200 nm. The excitation spectrum of SrO . Y2O3 : Eu phosphor shows a broad band with a main peak around 280 nm, which is due to the charge-transfer (CT) in the excitation of an electrons from the oxygen 2p state to an Eu3+ 4f state. Excited with a radiation of 280 nm, the phosphor emits strong red fluorescence, and the main emission peak is around 592 nm, which can be assigned to the transition of 5D0 -->7 F1 of Eu3+ ion. Another strong emission peak is at 614 nm, which can be assigned to the transition of 5D0 --> 7 F2 Of Eu3+ ion. Moreover, it was found that the ratio of glycine to nitrate ion, calcinations temperature and the concentration of Eu3+ have significant effect on the luminescent intensity of SrO . Y2O3 : Eu.

  3. Luminescent properties of SrZn2(PO4)2:Tb3+ and its luminescence improvement by incorporating A+ (A=Li, Na, and K)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Panlai; Wang, Zhijun; Yang, Zhiping; Guo, Qinglin

    2014-12-01

    A novel green phosphor SrZn2(PO4)2:Tb3+ is synthesized by a high temperature solid-state method, and its luminescent property is investigated. X-ray diffraction patterns of SrZn2(PO4)2:Tb3+ indicate a similarity crystalline phase to SrZn2(PO4)2. SrZn2(PO4)2:Tb3+ shows green emission under 369 nm excitation, and the prominent luminescence in green (544 nm) due to 5D4-7F5 transition of Tb3+. For the 544 nm emission, excitation spectrum has several excitation band from 200 nm to 400 nm. Emission intensity of SrZn2(PO4)2:Tb3+ is influenced by Tb3+ concentration, and concentration quenching effect of Tb3+ in SrZn2(PO4)2 is also observed. With incorporating A+ (A=Li, Na, and K) as compensator charge, the emission intensity of SrZn2(PO4)2:Tb3+ can be obviously enhanced. CIE color coordinates of SrZn2(PO4)2:Tb3+ locate in the green region. The results indicate this phosphor may be a potential application in white LEDs.

  4. Luminescence properties of monoclinic Cu{sub 4}I{sub 4}(Piperidine){sub 4}

    SciTech Connect

    Jalilian, Ehsan; Liao, Rong-Zhen; Himo, Fahmi; Lidin, Sven

    2011-08-15

    Highlights: {yields} A new modification of Cu{sub 4}I{sub 4}Pip{sub 4} has been produced under hydrothermal conditions. {yields} This modification have fluorescence properties when it is exposed to UV light. {yields} The fluorescence properties was characterized with fluorescence spectrophotometer. {yields} Quantum mechanical calculations was also performed. -- Abstract: A new modification of Cu{sub 4}I{sub 4}Pip{sub 4} has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. X-ray crystallography revealed that this compound crystallized in the monoclinic system and consists of a tetrahedral core with composition Cu{sub 4}I{sub 4}, in which each Cu atom is coordinated by a piperidine molecule via the N atom. In contrast to a previously reported modification of Cu{sub 4}I{sub 4}Pip{sub 4}, the present modification shows luminescent properties when exposed to UV-light. In addition, we have used time-dependent density functional theory calculations to characterize both compounds in term of both absorption and emission.

  5. Luminescence properties of Er3+ ions doped bismuth borate glasses for 1.53 \\xB5m broadband optical amplifiers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mariyappan, M.; Suthanthirakumar, P.; Arunkumar, S.; Marimuthu, K.

    2017-05-01

    A new series of Er3+ ions doped bismuth borate glasses were prepared with the composition (40—x)B2O3 + 20Bi2O3+20Na2O+20CaF2+xEr2O3 (where x= 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 in wt%). The spectroscopic behaviors of the titled glasses have been examined through absorption, luminescence and decay spectral analysis. Luminescence spectra along with the JO intensity parameters have been used to determine the various radiative properties like transition probability (A), stimulated emission cross-section (σp), lifetimes (τcal, τexp), branching ratios (βR) and effective bandwidth (Δλeff) for the 4S3/2 →4I15/2 and 4I13/2→4I15/2 emission transitions and the results were discussed and reported. By employing the McCumbar theory, absorption and emission cross-sections for the 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition (1.53 μm) were calculated for all the titled glasses. The decay curves of the 4I13/2 level have been measured and the fall in lifetime value with the increase in Er3+ ion content have been studied through the energy transfer process takes place between the nearby Er3+ ions.

  6. Luminescence properties of Eu3+-doped Lanthanum gadolinium hafnates transparent ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Zhengjuan; Zhou, Guohong; Zhang, Jian; Qin, Xianpeng; Wang, Shiwei

    2017-09-01

    Eu3+-doped Lanthanum gadolinium hafnates (La0.8Gd1.2Hf2O7) transparent ceramics with different Eu3+ concentration were fabricated by vacuum sintering. XRD results showed all the ceramics are cubic pyrochlore structure. The effects of annealing process on in-line transmittance and luminescence behavior of the Eu3+-doped La0.8Gd1.2Hf2O7 transparent ceramics were investigated. Before annealing, the in-line transmittance of the ceramics was low and the luminescence intensity was weak. As Eu3+ doping content increased, the transmittance as well as the luminescence intensity decreased. This was ascribed to oxygen vacancy and other defects in the ceramics resulted from the vacuum sintering. After annealing, the transmittance and luminescence intensity were raised, indicating the elimination of oxygen vacancy. Moreover, with the increase of Eu3+ doping content from 1 at% to 10 at%, the luminescence intensity increased without concentration quenching.

  7. Luminescent properties of lithium-phosphate-borate glasses doped with Tb3+/ Eu3+ ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valiev, D. T.; Stepanov, S. A.; Cong, Liu

    2016-02-01

    The luminescence of Li2O-B2O3-P2O5-CaF2 scintillation glass doped Tb3+, Eu3+ under different types of excitation sources are investigated. Changing the europium concentration of 0.5 to 1 wt% leads changes in luminescence intensity of Tb3+ ions. The luminescence spectrum of the Tb3+ ions are depend on the concentration of Eu3+. It was found, that the luminescence decay kinetics of terbium ion in the band 543 nm depending on the concentration of europium and from type of excitation. The difference in the nature of the luminescence decay kinetics of glasses under pulsed photo- and electronic excitation discussed.

  8. Effect of the parameters of pulsed anodic formation of porous silicon on its luminescent, paramagnetic, and electrotransport properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demidov, E. S.; Abrosimov, A. S.; Demidova, N. E.; Karzanov, V. V.

    2017-02-01

    We present the data on changes in the properties of porous silicon formed at the current pulse modulation in the range of 0.1-1 Hz with the aim to modulate the properties of porous silicon in a nanoscale range. It is demonstrated that the use of the pulsed mode of formation of porous silicon with a period of a few tenths of a second can dramatically affect the photoluminescence quantum yield and other properties of the material. There is a correlation of the luminescent, electrotransport, and paramagnetic properties of porous silicon formed under different modes.

  9. Photoluminescence, thermally stimulated luminescence and electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of Tb{sup 3+} doped SrBPO{sub 5}

    SciTech Connect

    Kumar, Mithlesh; Seshagiri, T.K.; Kadam, R.M.; Godbole, S.V.

    2011-09-15

    Graphical abstract: EPR spectra of BOHC's in 2 kGy {gamma}-irradiated SrBPO{sub 5}:Tb sample using Receiver Gain RG = 4 x 10{sup 4}, Modulation Amplitude MA = 0.25 G, Microwave power setting 6.3 mW: (A) un-annealed sample recorded at 300 K, (B) un-annealed sample recorded at 100 K and (C) sample annealed at 550 K for 10 min and recorded at 100 K. Highlights: {yields} PL studies on Tb doped SrBPO{sub 5} phosphor have shown emission due to Tb{sup 3+} associated with {sup 5}D{sub 3} {yields} {sup 7}F{sub J} and {sup 5}D{sub 4} {yields} {sup 7}F{sub J} (J = 3, 4, 5 and 6) transitions. {yields} The EPR studies on {gamma}-irradiated samples revealed formation of three types of boron oxygen hole trapped centres viz., BOHC{sub 1}, BOHC{sub 2} and BOHC{sub 3} and an electron trapped centre. {yields} The TSL peak at 475 K was associated with the thermal destruction of BOHC{sub 2}. -- Abstract: Trap level spectroscopic studies were carried out on {gamma}-irradiated Tb (1 mole%) doped SrBPO{sub 5} were carried out using photoluminescence (PL), thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) techniques. The incorporation of Tb in the 3+ oxidation state was ascertained from PL studies. Life time for Tb{sup 3+} emission corresponding to the intense transition {sup 5}D{sub 4} {yields} {sup 7}F{sub 5} at 543 nm was determined. The spectral characteristics of the TSL glows have shown that Tb{sup 3+} ions act as the emission center for the glow peak at 475 K. The trap parameters of the glow peak were determined. EPR investigations at room temperature/77 K revealed the stabilization of three boron oxygen hole trapped centers (BOHC's) and oxygen centered radicals such as O{sup -} and O{sub 2}{sup -} and trapped electrons in room temperature {gamma}-irradiated samples. TSL glow peak at 475 K was found to be associated with recombination of electron released from trapped electron center and the BOHC{sub 2} center.

  10. Angular dependence of dose sensitivity of nanoDot optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters in different radiation geometries

    SciTech Connect

    Jursinic, Paul A.

    2015-10-15

    Purpose: A type of in vivo dosimeter, an optically stimulated luminescent dosimeter, OSLD, may have dose sensitivity that depends on the angle of incidence of radiation. This work measures how angular dependence of a nanoDot changes with the geometry of the phantom in which irradiation occurs and with the intrinsic structure of the nanoDot. Methods: The OSLDs used in this work were nanoDot dosimeters (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL), which were read with a MicroStar reader (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL). Dose to the OSLDs was delivered by 6 MV x-rays. NanoDots with various intrinsic sensitivities were irradiated in numerous phantoms that had geometric shapes of cylinders, rectangles, and a cube. Results: No angular dependence was seen in cylindrical phantoms, cubic phantoms, or rectangular phantoms with a thickness to width ratio of 0.3 or 1.5. An angular dependence of 1% was observed in rectangular phantoms with a thickness to width of 0.433–0.633. A group of nanoDots had sensitive layers with mass density of 2.42–2.58 g/cm{sup 3} and relative sensitivity of 0.92–1.09 and no difference in their angular dependence. Within experimental uncertainty, nanoDot measurements agree with a parallel-plate ion chamber at a depth of maximum dose. Conclusions: When irradiated in cylindrical, rectangular, and cubic phantoms, nanoDots show a maximum angular dependence of 1% or less at an incidence angle of 90°. For a sample of 78 new nanoDots, the range of their relative intrinsic sensitivity is 0.92–1.09. For a sample of ten nanoDots, on average, the mass in the sensitive layer is 73.1% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C and 26.9% polyester. The mass density of the sensitive layer of a nanoDot disc is between 2.42 and 2.58 g/cm{sup 3}. The angular dependence is not related to Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C loading of the nanoDot disc. The nanoDot at the depth of maximum dose has no more angular dependence than a parallel-plate ion chamber.

  11. Angular dependence of dose sensitivity of nanoDot optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters in different radiation geometries.

    PubMed

    Jursinic, Paul A

    2015-10-01

    A type of in vivo dosimeter, an optically stimulated luminescent dosimeter, OSLD, may have dose sensitivity that depends on the angle of incidence of radiation. This work measures how angular dependence of a nanoDot changes with the geometry of the phantom in which irradiation occurs and with the intrinsic structure of the nanoDot. The OSLDs used in this work were nanoDot dosimeters (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL), which were read with a MicroStar reader (Landauer, Inc., Glenwood, IL). Dose to the OSLDs was delivered by 6 MV x-rays. NanoDots with various intrinsic sensitivities were irradiated in numerous phantoms that had geometric shapes of cylinders, rectangles, and a cube. No angular dependence was seen in cylindrical phantoms, cubic phantoms, or rectangular phantoms with a thickness to width ratio of 0.3 or 1.5. An angular dependence of 1% was observed in rectangular phantoms with a thickness to width of 0.433-0.633. A group of nanoDots had sensitive layers with mass density of 2.42-2.58 g/cm(3) and relative sensitivity of 0.92-1.09 and no difference in their angular dependence. Within experimental uncertainty, nanoDot measurements agree with a parallel-plate ion chamber at a depth of maximum dose. When irradiated in cylindrical, rectangular, and cubic phantoms, nanoDots show a maximum angular dependence of 1% or less at an incidence angle of 90°. For a sample of 78 new nanoDots, the range of their relative intrinsic sensitivity is 0.92-1.09. For a sample of ten nanoDots, on average, the mass in the sensitive layer is 73.1% Al2O3:C and 26.9% polyester. The mass density of the sensitive layer of a nanoDot disc is between 2.42 and 2.58 g/cm(3). The angular dependence is not related to Al2O3:C loading of the nanoDot disc. The nanoDot at the depth of maximum dose has no more angular dependence than a parallel-plate ion chamber.

  12. Structural, magnetic and luminescent properties of lanthanide complexes with N-salicylideneglycine.

    PubMed

    Vančo, Ján; Trávníček, Zdeněk; Kozák, Ondřej; Boča, Roman

    2015-04-28

    A series of anionic heavy lanthanide complexes, involving the N-salicylideneglycinato(2-) Schiff base ligand (salgly) and having the general formula K[Ln(salgly)₂(H₂O)₂]∙H₂O (1-6), where Ln stands for Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm, was prepared using the one-pot template synthesis. The complexes were thoroughly characterized by elemental and Thermogravimetric/Differential Thermal Analyses (TG/DTA), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), and photoluminescence spectroscopies, electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry, and their magnetic properties were studied by temperature-dependent dc magnetic measurements using the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The X-ray structure of the terbium(III) complex (2), representing the unique structure between the lanthanide complexes of N-salicylideneamino acids, was determined. The results of spectral and structural studies revealed the isostructural nature of the prepared complexes, in which the lanthanide ion is octacoordinated by two O,N,O-donor salgly ligands and two aqua ligands. The analysis of magnetic data confirmed that the complexes behave as paramagnets obeying the Curie law. The results of photoluminescence spectral studies of the complexes showed the different origin in their luminescent properties between the solid state and solution. An antenna effect of the Schiff base ligand was observed in a powder form of the complex only, while it acts as a fluorophore in a solution.

  13. Morphology controlling method for amorphous silica nanoparticles and jellyfish-like nanowires and their luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Haitao; Huang, Zhaohui; Huang, Juntong; Xu, Song; Fang, Minghao; Liu, Yan-Gai; Wu, Xiaowen; Zhang, Shaowei

    2016-03-01

    Uniform silica nanoparticles and jellyfish-like nanowires were synthesized by a chemical vapour deposition method on Si substrates treated without and with Ni(NO3)2, using silicon powder as the source material. Composition and structural characterization using field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy showed that the as-prepared products were silica nanoparticles and nanowires which have amorphous structures. The form of nanoparticles should be related to gas-phase nucleation procedure. The growth of the nanowires was in accordance with vapour-liquid-solid mechanism, followed by Ostwald ripening to form the jellyfish-like morphology. Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence measurements showed that the silica products excited by different light sources show different luminescence properties. The emission spectra of both silica nanoparticles and nanowires are due to the neutral oxygen vacancies (≡Si-Si≡). The as-synthesized silica with controlled morphology can find potential applications in future nanodevices with tailorable photoelectric properties.

  14. Two lanthanide-hydroxo clusters with different nuclearity: Synthesis, structures, luminescent and magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xi-Li; Zhu, Cancan; Zhang, Xue-Li; Hu, Ming; Wang, Ai-Ling; Xiao, Hong-Ping

    2017-01-01

    Under the identical reaction conditions, two new TbIII and SmIII-hydroxo clusters with different nuclearity have been prepared and characterized by X-ray crystallography, spectroscopic methods and magnetic measurements. Solid-state structure analyses reveal that the TbIII cluster shows a pentanuclear square pyramidal shape of the composition [Tb5(μ3-OH)4(μ4-OH)(dbm)10]·2H2O (1, dbm- = dibenzoylmethanate) with the dbm ligands presenting two types of coordination modes [η2-and (μ-O)-η2-]. The SmIII species presents a tetranuclear parallelogram structure formulated as [Sm4(μ3-OH)2(dbm)10]·12H2O (2), and three types of coordination modes [η2-, (μ-O)-η2- and (μ-O)2-η2-] for dbm ligands are observed. The measurements of magnetic properties indicate that the direct-current (dc) magnetic behaviors of two clusters mainly result from the thermal depopulation of the Stark sublevels of the TbIII and SmIII ions, respectively. Meanwhile, alternating current (ac) magnetic susceptibility of 1 is also assessed. Investigations on luminescence properties show that 2 displays characteristic emission of the SmIII ion in visible range, while 1 does not exhibit any detectable emission. The interpretations of different emission behaviors for 1 and 2 are also presented in detail.

  15. Tuning luminescent properties of CdSe nanoclusters by phosphine surface passivation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lysova, Iryna; Anton, Halina; Dmitruk, Igor; Mely, Yves

    2016-12-01

    Appropriate surface ligands are required for tuning the physicochemical and photophysical properties of nanoclusters (NCs). These surface ligands are especially critical for passivating the small (CdSe)33,34 NCs where the majority of atoms are at the NC surface. In this study, triphenylphosphine (TPP), trioctylphosphine (TOP) and tris(pentafluorophenyl)phosphine (TPFP) have been tested as capping agents for alkylamine-coated CdSe NCs. TPP and TOP compounds are found to increase the quantum yield of photoluminescence (PL) from 0.15% to 0.6% and 0.53%, respectively, and to preserve this increased PL with time, probably by preventing charge leakage as a result of their binding to Se atoms. Since no dramatic change in the shape of NCs’ PL spectrum occurs after surface treatment, both the exciton band and the low-energy broad band in magic NCs are thought to describe the intrinsic luminescence properties of the NCs. As a result, the PL increase due to Se passivation is thought to be mainly caused by a decrease in the efficiency of the NC nonradiative pathways.

  16. Morphology controlling method for amorphous silica nanoparticles and jellyfish-like nanowires and their luminescence properties

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Haitao; Huang, Zhaohui; Huang, Juntong; Xu, Song; Fang, Minghao; Liu, Yan-gai; Wu, Xiaowen; Zhang, Shaowei

    2016-01-01

    Uniform silica nanoparticles and jellyfish-like nanowires were synthesized by a chemical vapour deposition method on Si substrates treated without and with Ni(NO3)2, using silicon powder as the source material. Composition and structural characterization using field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy showed that the as-prepared products were silica nanoparticles and nanowires which have amorphous structures. The form of nanoparticles should be related to gas-phase nucleation procedure. The growth of the nanowires was in accordance with vapour-liquid-solid mechanism, followed by Ostwald ripening to form the jellyfish-like morphology. Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence measurements showed that the silica products excited by different light sources show different luminescence properties. The emission spectra of both silica nanoparticles and nanowires are due to the neutral oxygen vacancies (≡Si-Si≡). The as-synthesized silica with controlled morphology can find potential applications in future nanodevices with tailorable photoelectric properties. PMID:26940294

  17. Structural, Magnetic and Luminescent Properties of Lanthanide Complexes with N-Salicylideneglycine

    PubMed Central

    Vančo, Ján; Trávníček, Zdeněk; Kozák, Ondřej; Boča, Roman

    2015-01-01

    A series of anionic heavy lanthanide complexes, involving the N-salicylideneglycinato(2-) Schiff base ligand (salgly) and having the general formula K[Ln(salgly)2(H2O)2]∙H2O (1–6), where Ln stands for Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er and Tm, was prepared using the one-pot template synthesis. The complexes were thoroughly characterized by elemental and Thermogravimetric/Differential Thermal Analyses (TG/DTA), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), and photoluminescence spectroscopies, electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry, and their magnetic properties were studied by temperature-dependent dc magnetic measurements using the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The X-ray structure of the terbium(III) complex (2), representing the unique structure between the lanthanide complexes of N-salicylideneamino acids, was determined. The results of spectral and structural studies revealed the isostructural nature of the prepared complexes, in which the lanthanide ion is octacoordinated by two O,N,O-donor salgly ligands and two aqua ligands. The analysis of magnetic data confirmed that the complexes behave as paramagnets obeying the Curie law. The results of photoluminescence spectral studies of the complexes showed the different origin in their luminescent properties between the solid state and solution. An antenna effect of the Schiff base ligand was observed in a powder form of the complex only, while it acts as a fluorophore in a solution. PMID:25927576

  18. Mutifuntional GdPO4:Eu3+ hollow spheres: synthesis and magnetic and luminescent properties.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Lihui; Yin, Meili; You, Hongpeng; Yang, Mei; Song, Yanhua; Huang, Yeju

    2011-11-07

    Mondispersed submicrometer GdPO(4):Eu(3+) hollow spheres were synthesized via an effective one-pot hydrothermal process. These hollow spheres have the average diameter of 200 nm, and the shell thickness is about 20 nm. The surface of the spheres consists of a number of nanorods with diameters of about 10 nm and lengths of about 50-80 nm. Both magnetic and luminescent properties of the obtained Eu(3+)-doped GdPO(4) hollow spheres were investigated. The hysteresis plot (M-H) analysis result indicates their paramagnetic property. The fluorescence spectra demonstrate that they emit orange-red color light originated from the (5)D(0) → (7)F(J) transitions of the Eu(3+) ions. Therefore, the obtained GdPO(4) hollow spheres hold promise for encapsulate drugs with controlled release. Moreover, the GdPO(4):Eu(3+) hollow spheres are attributes for bimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/optical bioimaging labeling. © 2011 American Chemical Society

  19. Synthesis and luminescent properties of ternary complex Eu(UVA)3Phen in nano-TiO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lü, Yu-guang; Gong, Zhong-ping; Gao, Hong-bing; Zhou, Shu-jing; Lü, Kui-lin; Wang, Ying; A, Du; Du, Hao-ran; Zhang, Li; Zhang, Fu-jun

    2015-01-01

    By introducing 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-benzophenone (UVA) and 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) as the ligands, the ternary rare earth complex of Eu(UVA)3Phen is synthesized, and it is characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectra (MS) and infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopy. Results show that the Eu(III) in complex emits strong red luminescence when it is excited by UV light, and it has higher sensitized luminescent efficiency and longer lifetime. The organic-inorganic thin film of complex Eu(UVA)3Phen doped with nano-TiO2 is prepared, and the nano-TiO2 is used in the luminescence layer to change the luminescence property of Eu(UVA)3Phen. It is found that there is an efficient energy transfer process between ligands and metal ions. Moreover, in an indium tin oxide (ITO)/poly(N-vinylcar-bazole) (PVK)/Eu(UVA)3Phen/Al device, Eu3+ can be excited by intramolecular ligand-to-metal energy transfer process. The main peak of emission at 613 nm is attributed to 5D0→7F2 transition of the Eu3+, and this process results in the enhanced red emission.

  20. Luminescent properties of metal-organic framework MOF-5: relativistic time-dependent density functional theory investigations.

    PubMed

    Ji, Min; Lan, Xin; Han, Zhenping; Hao, Ce; Qiu, Jieshan

    2012-11-19

    The electronically excited state and luminescence property of metal-organic framework MOF-5 were investigated using relativistic density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TDDFT). The geometry, IR spectra, and UV-vis spectra of MOF-5 in the ground state were calculated using relativistic DFT, leading to good agreement between the experimental and theoretical results. The frontier molecular orbitals and electronic configuration indicated that the luminescence mechanism in MOF-5 follows ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LLCT), namely, π* → π, rather than emission with the ZnO quantum dot (QD) proposed by Bordiga et al. The geometry and IR spectra of MOF-5 in the electronically excited state have been calculated using the relativistic TDDFT and compared with those for the ground state. The comparison reveals that the Zn4O13 QD is rigid, whereas the ligands BDC(2-) are nonrigid. In addition, the calculated emission band of MOF-5 is in good agreement with the experimental result and is similar to that of the ligand H2BDC. The combined results confirmed that the luminescence mechanism for MOF-5 should be LLCT with little mixing of the ligand-to-metal charge transfer. The reason for the MOF-5 luminescence is explained by the excellent coplanarity between the six-membered ring consisting of zinc, oxygen, carbon, and the benzene ring.

  1. Influence of Gd3+ concentration on luminescence properties of Eu3+ ions in sol-gel materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szpikowska-Sroka, Barbara; Pawlik, Natalia; Pisarski, Wojciech A.

    2016-12-01

    The sol-gel powders doubly-doped with Gd3+/Eu3+ ions with different concentration of Gd3+ have been successfully obtained. The spectroscopic characterization of prepared samples was conducted based on excitation and emission spectra as well as luminescence decay analysis. Upon direct excitation of Eu3+ active ions, the characteristic 5D0 → 7F1 (orange) and 5D0 → 7F2 (red) emission bands were observed. The energy transfer from Gd3+ to Eu3+ ions was registered upon λexc = 273 nm excitation. An efficient conversion of ultraviolet radiation (UV) into visible luminescence was successfully observed. The energy transfer process from Gd3+ to Eu3+ led to longer luminescence decay from the 5D0 state in comparison to that obtained under direct excitation of Eu3+ ions (λexc = 393 nm). Generally, obtained results clearly indicated the beneficial influence of increasing concentration of Gd3+ ions on luminescence properties of Eu3+ in studied silica sol-gel phosphors.

  2. Effect of Er3+ concentration on the luminescence properties of Al2O3-ZrO2 powder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clabel H., J. L.; Rivera, V. A. G.; Nogueira, I. C.; Leite, E. R.; Siu Li, M.; Marega, E.

    2016-12-01

    This manuscript reports on the effects of the luminescence properties of Er3+ on Al2O3-ZrO2 powder synthesized by the conventional solid-state method. The best conditions found for the calcinations were 1500 °C and 4 h. The structural dependence of the luminescence on Er3+:Al2O3-ZrO2 is associated with phase transformations of the Al2O3-ZrO2 host and presence of the OH group. Green and red emissions at room temperature from the 2H11/2, 4S3/2 → 4I15/2 and 4F9/2 → 4I15/2 levels of Er3+ ions were observed under 482 nm pumping. The green-to-red emission intensity ratios and CIE chromaticity coordinates were determined from emission spectra for the evaluation of light emitted as a function of the Er3+ concentration. The Er3+ luminescence quenching due to group OH and variation in the Er3+ concentration plays an important role in the definition of the luminescent response.

  3. Density functional theory predictions for blue luminescence and nonlinear optical properties of carbon-doped gallium nitride

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, XiaoLin; Zhang, YongFan; Zhuang, NaiFeng; Li, JunQian

    2010-12-15

    The TD-B3LYP method and the plane-wave formalism of DFT method were applied to predict the blue luminescence and nonlinear optical effect of C-doped GaN, respectively. The introduction of carbon dopant will generate different acceptor or donor levels, which are mainly composed by p electronic state, within the energy gap of GaN. Exploring the calculated luminescence spectra based on the optimized excited-state structure, C{sub N}:GaN exhibits high luminescence intensity and has nice monochromatic property. In addition, the corresponding second-order nonlinear optical coefficients are considerable, {chi}{sup (2)}{sub xzx}=-15.07 pm/V and {chi}{sup (2)}{sub zzz}=26.91 pm/V, which are about 28 times and 50 times of the second-order optical coefficient of KDP crystal. -- Graphical abstract: Carbon dopant may introduce the different acceptor or donor level. The blue luminescence of C:GaN are considerable in the region of 400-480 nm, especially that of C{sub N}:GaN. Display Omitted

  4. Enhanced luminescence properties of CaTiO(3):Pr(3+) phosphor with addition of SiO(2) by solid-state reaction.

    PubMed

    Chen, Rui; Chen, Donghua

    2014-06-05

    Red phosphors CaTiO3:Pr(3+) with addition of SiO2 were prepared by solid-state reaction technique (SS). The effect of SiO2 on the crystalline phase, surface morphology and luminescence properties of CaTiO3:Pr(3+) was studied by X-ray diffractometer, transmission electron microscope, brightness meter and photoluminescence spectrometer, respectively. The results indicated that the content of SiO2 has influence on luminescence intensity, initial brightness and persistent time of samples. The red phosphor CaTi0.5Si0.5O3:Pr(3+) exhibited the optimal luminescence properties.

  5. Luminescent Properties of ZnxCa1-xTiO3:yPr3+ Long-Lasting Phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meng, Yanzhi; Wang, Xiaomin; Shen, Yi; Wei, Xiaoli; Han, Liying; Li, Fengfeng; Hou, Luyao

    2016-10-01

    The red long-lasting phosphors (LLPs) ZnxCa1-xTiO3:yPr3+ (ZCTP) were successfully prepared via the sol-gel method. The effects of Zn2+ content and Pr3+ molar concentration on the luminescent properties of ZCTP LLPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction, excitation and emission spectra, long-lasting decay curves and thermoluminescence (TL) curves. In this study, the results indicated that luminescent properties of Zn0.2Ca0.8TiO3:0.2 %Pr3+ phosphor was the best. In addition, when Pr3+ molar concentration reached 0.8 mol %, concentration quenching effect was obvious.

  6. Luminescence properties of alkali europium double tungstates and molybdates AEuM/sub 2/O/sub 8/

    SciTech Connect

    van Vliet, J.P.M.; Blasse, G.; Brixner, L.H.

    1988-09-01

    The luminescence properties of AEuW/sub 2/O/sub 8/ and AEuMo/sub 2/O/sub 8/ (A/sup +/ = alkali metal ion) are reported. These properties depend on the crystal structure type. Vibronic coupling between the electronic transitions of the Eu/sup 3 +/ ion and the vibrational transitions of the tungstate of molybdate group is observed. The concentration quenching of the Eu/sup 3 +/ luminescence is weak. The analysis of the Eu/sup 3 +/ decay curves points to energy migration and shows the two-dimensionality of the Eu/sup 3 +/ sublattice in KEuMo/sub 2/O/sub 8/ and the one-dimensionality of the Eu/sup 3 +/ sublattice in KEuW/sub 2/O/sub 8/ and RbEuW/sub 2/O/sub 8/.

  7. Luminescence properties and electronic structure of Ce{sup 3+}-doped gadolinium aluminum garnet

    SciTech Connect

    Dotsenko, V.P.; Berezovskaya, I.V.; Voloshinovskii, A.S.; Zadneprovski, B.I.; Efryushina, N.P.

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • The luminescence properties of Ce{sup 3+} ions in (Y, Gd){sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12} are analyzed. • The Gd{sup 3+} → Y{sup 3+} substitution leads to increasing of Ce{sup 3+} noncubic crystal field splitting parameter. • The excitation spectra for the Ce{sup 3+} emission in GdAG contain bands at 6.67, 7.75, and 9.76 eV. • These features are due to the Ce{sup 3+}-bound exciton formation and O 2p → Al 3s, 3p transitions. • Contributions from Al atoms to the conduction-band density of states are quite essential. - Abstract: Yttrium-gadolinium aluminum garnets (YGdAG) doped with Ce{sup 3+} ions have been prepared by co-precipitation method. The luminescent properties of Ce{sup 3+} ions in Gd{sub 3(1−x)}Ce{sub 3x}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12} (x = 0.01) have been studied upon excitation in the 2–20 eV region. The substitution of Gd{sup 3+} for Y{sup 3+} in the garnet structure results in broadening the emission band and shifting its maximum towards the longer wavelengths. It was found that in addition to the 4f → 5d excitation bands of Ce{sup 3+} ions, the excitation spectra for the Ce{sup 3+} emission contain bands at 6.67, 7.75, and 9.76 eV. These bands are attributed to the Ce{sup 3+}-bound exciton formation and O 2p → Al 3s, 3p transitions, respectively. Although gadolinium states dominate near the bottom of the conduction band of Gd{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}, contributions from Al{sub tetr} and Al{sub oct} atoms to the conduction-band density of states are evaluated as quite essential.

  8. Synthesis and luminescence properties of Zn(Cu(0.01) Cd(0.02) Mg(0.02))S phosphor.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Wentao; Lee, Hong-Ro

    2011-01-01

    To improve the luminescence properties of ZnS : Cu, a multi-doped method was used to prepare Zn(Cu(0.01) Cd(0.02) Mg(0.02))S in this paper. As a new designed semiconductor compound, particular properties of Zn(Cu(0.01) Cd(0.02) Mg(0.02))S were investigated, especially luminescence intensity and lifetime. Structure and compositions of Zn(Cu(0.01) Cd(0.02) Mg(0.02))S phosphor were analyzed by XRD and TEM respectively. Luminescence intensity and luminescence lifetime of the prepared Zn(Cu(0.01) Cd(0.02) Mg(0.02))S phosphor were investigated by luminescence spectrometry. As a result, compared with pure ZnS or doped ZnS phosphors, Zn(Cu(0.01) Cd(0.02) Mg(0.02))S showed remarkably improved luminescence properties. The optimum ratio of three dopants was obtained for solving luminescence problems. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Preparation, characterization and luminescence properties of a new hydrous red phosphor CaB3 O5 (OH):Eu(3)(+) with different morphologies.

    PubMed

    Huang, H S; Tang, A J; Yang, C; Jin, H F

    2017-03-01

    A new borate phosphor CaB3 O5 (OH):Eu(3)(+) with different morphologies was synthesized using a hydrothermal method and its luminescence properties were studied. The effects of surfactants on the crystal structures, morphologies and luminescence properties of the samples were studied. The results showed that the surfactants play an important role in controlling the morphology and improving the luminescence properties of phosphors. The luminescence intensity and R/O(I615/I592) value were enhanced for the prepared sample by adding PEG4000. The prepared sample exhibited a higher R/O than some anhydrous calcium borate phosphors, indicating that this product could serve as a new potential red phosphor. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. High resolution shallow geologic characterization of a late Pleistocene eolian environment using ground penetrating radar and optically stimulated luminescence techniques: North Carolina, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mallinson, D.; Mahan, S.; Moore, Christine

    2008-01-01

    Geophysical surveys, sedimentology, and optically-stimulated luminescence age analyses were used to assess the geologic development of a coastal system near Swansboro, NC. This area is a significant Woodland Period Native American habitation and is designated the "Broad Reach" archaeological site. 2-d and 3-d subsurface geophysical surveys were performed using a ground penetrating radar system to define the stratigraphic framework and depositional facies. Sediment samples were collected and analyzed for grain-size to determine depositional environments. Samples were acquired and analyzed using optically stimulated luminescence techniques to derive the depositional age of the various features. The data support a low eolian to shallow subtidal coastal depositional setting for this area. Li-DAR data reveal ridge and swale topography, most likely related to beach ridges, and eolian features including low-relief, low-angle transverse and parabolic dunes, blowouts, and a low-relief eolian sand sheet. Geophysical data reveal dominantly seaward dipping units, and low-angle mounded features. Sedimentological data reveal mostly moderately-well to well-sorted fine-grained symmetrical to coarse skewed sands, suggesting initial aqueous transport and deposition, followed by eolian reworking and bioturbation. OSL data indicate initial coastal deposition prior to ca. 45,000 yBP, followed by eolian reworking and low dune stabilization at ca. 13,000 to 11,500 yBP, and again at ca. 10,000 yBP (during, and slightly after the Younger Dryas chronozone).

  11. Relative optically stimulated luminescence and thermoluminescence efficiencies of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C dosimeters to heavy charged particles with energies relevant to space and radiotherapy dosimetry

    SciTech Connect

    Sawakuchi, G. O.; Yukihara, E. G.; McKeever, S. W. S.; Benton, E. R.; Gaza, R.; Uchihori, Y.; Yasuda, N.; Kitamura, H.

    2008-12-15

    This article presents a comprehensive characterization of the thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) relative luminescence efficiencies of carbon-doped aluminum (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C) for heavy charged particles (HCPs) with atomic numbers ranging from 1 (proton) to 54 (xenon) and energies ranging from 7 to 1000 MeV/u, and investigates the dependence of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C response on experimental conditions. Relative luminescence efficiency values are presented for 19 primary charge/energy combinations, plus 31 additional charge/energy combinations obtained by introducing absorbers in the primary beam. Our results show that for energies of hundreds of MeV/u the data can be described by a single curve of relative luminescence efficiency versus linear energy transfer (LET). This information is needed to compensate for the reduced OSL efficiency to high-LET particles in such applications as space dosimetry. For lower energies, the relative luminescence efficiency as function of LET cannot be described by a single curve; instead, it separates into different components corresponding to different particles. We also present data on the low-LET dose response of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C, measured under the same experimental conditions in which the relative luminescence efficiencies to HCPs were obtained, providing information relevant to future theoretical investigations of HCP energy deposition and luminescence production in Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C.

  12. Luminescence properties of the Ca-alpha-sialon:Eu solid solution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pawlik, Tomasz; Michalik, Daniel; Sopicka-Lizer, Malgorzata; Lisiecki, Radosław; Adamczyk, Barbara; Pławecki, Materusz; Mieszczak, Łukasz; Walerczyk, Wiktoria

    2016-09-01

    The Ca,Eu-α-sialon powders with the mixed solid solution composition have been manufactured via the solid-state reaction process in flowing nitrogen in a graphite furnace at a relatively low temperature of 1650 °C without an external overpressure. XRD data with Rielveld refinement and XPS measurements were used for characterization of the lattice constants and the surface chemical composition. The monophase Ca-Eu-α-sialon was obtained with the nominal composition of Eu0.048Ca0.702Si7.75Al2.25O0.75N15.25. The highest emission intensity in a yellow-orange region at 590 nm and quantum efficiency of 66% was found for this pure Ca,Eu-α-sialon. Estimation of m,n values from the lattice constant and EDS results showed a small deviation from the nominal composition of designed α-sialon. XPS results demonstrated significant changes of the chemical composition in the oxidized surface of phosphor particles. Possible reasons of emission redshift and relationship between the actual solid solution composition and luminescence properties are discussed in terms of simultaneous presence of Eu2+ and Eu3+ ions in the sialon crystal lattice and residual oxynitride glass.

  13. Characterization and luminescence properties of Sr3Gd): Sm3+ orange-red phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Zaifa; Xu, Denghui; Sun, Jiayue; Sun, Yumei; Du, Haiyan

    2015-10-01

    Reddish-orange emitting phosphors, Sr3Gd): Sm3+, were successfully synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction. The crystal structure of the phosphors was characterized by x-ray diffraction. The excitation spectra and emission spectra were utilized to characterize the luminescence properties of the as-prepared phosphors. The results show that the phosphor consisted of some sharp emission peaks of Sm3+ ions centered at 564, 600, 647, and 707 nm, respectively. The critical distance of Sr3Gd0.93): 0.07Sm3+ was calculated to be 19.18 Å and the lifetime value of the sample was 1.63 ms. The band gap of Sr3Gd) was estimated to be about 2.74 eV from the diffuse reflection spectrum. The optimum doping concentration is 7 mol. % and the quenching occurs via dipole-dipole interaction according to Dexter's theory. The Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage value of Sr3Gd): Sm3+ phosphors presented that it has high color purity. These results indicated that the Sr3Gd): Sm3+ may be a promising reddish-orange emitting phosphor for cost-effective near ultraviolet white light-emitting diodes.

  14. Syntheses, structures and luminescent properties of lanthanide coordination polymers assembled from imidazophenanthroline derivative and oxalate ligands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Hui; Sun, Xiao-Xia; Hu, Huai-Ming; An, Ran; Yang, Meng-Lin; Xue, Ganglin

    2017-01-01

    Nine new lanthanide coordination polymers, namely, [Ln(Hsfpip)(ox)0.5(H2O)]n·2n(H2O) ((Ln=Eu (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), Er (5), Yb (6), Y(7)), [Ln(H2sfpip)(ox)(H2O)4]n·2n(H2O) (Ln=Nd (8) Sm (9)), [H2ox=oxalic acid, H3sfpip=2-(2,4-disulfophenyl)imidazo(4,5-f)(1,10)-phenanthroline] have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by IR spectra, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and single crystal X-ray diffraction. When sodium oxalate is added, the reactions of lanthanide ions with H3sfpip resulted in two types of structures. Compounds 1-7 are obtained at pH 5.0 and exhibit 3D tfz-d networks with ox2- anions as linkers to bridge the adjacent layers. Compounds 8-9 are obtained at pH 2.0, and display a 1D chain which is further extended to a 3D supramolecular framework through intermolecular hydrogen bonds and π-π interactions. The structural variation from compounds 1-7 to 8-9 can attribute to the pH effect on construction of lanthanide coordination polymers. Moreover, the thermal stabilities and luminescence properties of 1-9 were also investigated.

  15. Structural and luminescent properties of KY(1-x)DyxBO3 phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sowjanya, G.; Rama Moorthy, L.; Basavapoornima, Ch.; Jayasankar, C. K.

    2017-01-01

    Yttrium borate phosphors (KY(1-x)DyxBO3) doped with Dy3+ ions were synthesized by the solid-state reaction method. The structural and morphological characteristics were studied by XRD, FTIR and SEM measurements. Luminescent properties of different concentrations of KY(1-x)DyxBO3 phosphors were investigated from the excitation, emission and decay analyses. The emission spectra exhibited characteristic blue (460-500 nm) and yellow (555-610 nm) bands of Dy3+ ions which combines to give white light. The evaluated color co-ordinates (x, y) were found to lie within the white light region of CIE chromaticity diagram. All the decay curves of Dy3+ ions exhibited non-exponential nature and the experimental lifetimes for the 4F9/2 excited level were found to decrease from 0.87, 0.47, 0.35, 0.26 and 0.13 ms with the increase of Dy3+ ion concentrations from 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2 and 0.3 mol%, respectively. In order to understand the energy transfer mechanism, the decay curves were fitted to Inokutti-Hirayama model and found that the energy transfer is of dipole-dipole type. From the results of these investigations, it is concluded that the KY(1-x)DyxBO3 phosphors are more useful for white light emitting diodes.

  16. Molten salt synthesis and luminescent properties of YVO4:Ln (Ln = Eu3+, Dy3+) nanophosphors.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chenglu; Wang, Fang; Jia, Peiyun; Lin, Jun; Zhou, Zhiqiang

    2012-01-01

    Eu3+ and Dy(3+)-doped YVO4 nanocrystallites were successfully prepared at 400 degrees C in equal moles of NaNO3 and KNO3 molten salts. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, transmission electronic microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectrum and lifetime were used to characterize the nanocrystallites. XRD results demonstrate that NaOH concentration and annealing temperature play important roles in phase purity and crystallinity of the nanocrystallites, the optimum NaOH concentration and annealing temperature being 6:40 and 400 degrees C respectively. TEM micrographs show the nanocrystallites are well crystallized with a cubic morphology in an average grain size of about 18 nm. Upon excitation of the vanadate group at 314 nm, YVO4:Eu3+ and YVO4:Dy3+ nanocrystallites exhibit the characteristic emission of Eu3+ and Dy3+, which indicates that there is an energy transfer from the vanadate group to the rare earth ions. Moreover, the structure and luminescent properties of the nanocrystallites were compared with their bulk counterparts with same composition in detail.

  17. Luminescence properties of Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped lead alumina bismuth borate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goud, K. Krishna Murthy; Reddy, M. Chandra Shekhar; Rao, B. Appa

    2016-05-01

    This paper reports on the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+ and Tm3+ codoped lead alumina bismuth borate glasses. Optical absorption spectra of these Samples were recorded at room temperature in the wavelength range 350-2000 nm. The absorption spectra exhibited the bands at 658 nm (3H6→3F2), 686 nm (3H6→3F3), 792 nm (3H6→3H4), 1211 nm (3H6→3H5) and 1663 nm (3H6→3F4) due to Tm3+ ions. The band at 977 nm (2F7/2→2F5/2) is due to Yb3+ ions. Optical band gap (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) values were calculated from the spectra. It was observed that the value of optical band gap decreases with increase in the concentration of Tm3+ ions. The upconversion luminescence spectra were measured under excitation of 980 nm laser diode, and the intense blue (470 nm) and green (656 nm) emission were simultaneously observed at room temperature. A proposed upconversion mechanism involving energy transfer from Yb3+ to Tm3+ has been presented.

  18. Luminescence properties of rare earth doped metal oxide nanostructures: A case of Eu-ZnO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sahu, D.; Acharya, B. S.; Panda, N. R.

    2016-05-01

    The present study reports the growth and luminescence properties of Eu doped ZnO nanostructures. The experiment has been carried out by synthesizing the materials by simple wet-chemical method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies show expansion of ZnO lattice with the incorporation of Eu ions which has been confirmed from the appearance of Eu2O3 as a minor phase in the XRD pattern. The estimation of crystallite size from XRD results matches closely with the results obtained from transmission electron microscopy. Further, these results show the formation of nanosized Eu-ZnO particles of average size around 60 nm stacked on each other. FTIR studies show the presence of both Zn-O and Eu-O modes in the spectra supporting the results obtained from XRD. The interesting results obtained from photoluminescence (PL) measurements show the presence of both band edge emission in UV region and the defect emissions in violet, blue and green region. The appearance of 5D0→7FJ transitions of Eu3+ ions in red region clearly suggests the possible occurrence of energy transfer between the energy states of ZnO host and Eu3+ ions.

  19. Luminescence properties of rare earth doped metal oxide nanostructures: A case of Eu-ZnO

    SciTech Connect

    Sahu, D.; Acharya, B. S.; Panda, N. R.

    2016-05-06

    The present study reports the growth and luminescence properties of Eu doped ZnO nanostructures. The experiment has been carried out by synthesizing the materials by simple wet-chemical method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies show expansion of ZnO lattice with the incorporation of Eu ions which has been confirmed from the appearance of Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} as a minor phase in the XRD pattern. The estimation of crystallite size from XRD results matches closely with the results obtained from transmission electron microscopy. Further, these results show the formation of nanosized Eu-ZnO particles of average size around 60 nm stacked on each other. FTIR studies show the presence of both Zn-O and Eu-O modes in the spectra supporting the results obtained from XRD. The interesting results obtained from photoluminescence (PL) measurements show the presence of both band edge emission in UV region and the defect emissions in violet, blue and green region. The appearance of {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub J} transitions of Eu{sup 3+} ions in red region clearly suggests the possible occurrence of energy transfer between the energy states of ZnO host and Eu{sup 3+} ions.

  20. Luminescent properties of Tm3+/ Ho3+ co-doped LiYF4 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Shan-shan; Xia, Hai-ping; Dong, Yan-ming; Fu, Li; Gu, Xue-mei; Zhang, Jian-li; Wang, Dong-jie; Jiang, Hao-chuan; Chen, Bao-jiu

    2014-11-01

    Ho3+ with various concentrations and Tm3+ with molar concentration of 1.28% are co-doped in LiYF4 (YLF) single crystals. The luminescent properties of the crystals are investigated through emission spectra, emission cross section and decay curves under the excitation of 808 nm. The energy transfer from Tm3+ to Ho3+ and the optimum fluorescence emission of Ho3+ around 2.05 μm are investigated. The emission intensity at 2.05 μm keeps increasing with the molar concentration of Ho3+ improved from 0.50% to 1.51% when the molar concentration of Tm3+ is kept at 1.28%. Moreover, for the co-doped crystals in which the molar concentrations of Tm3+ and Ho3+ are 1.28% and 1.51%, respectively, the maximum emission cross section reaches 0.760×10-20 cm2 and the maximum fluorescence lifetime is 21.98 ms. All the parameters suggest that these materials have more advantages in the future 2.0 μm laser applications.

  1. Effect of AgCl NPs: Physical, thermal, absorption and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nurhafizah, H.; Rohani, M. S.

    2017-06-01

    Silver nanoparticles (AgCl NPs) are embedded in Er3+/Nd3+ co-doped lithium niobate tellurite glasses of the form (68-x)TeO2-15Li2CO3-15Nb2O5-1Er2O3-1Nd2O3-(x)AgCl with x = 1,2 and 3 mol% via conventional melt-quenching technique. The physical properties such as density, ionic packing density, refractive index and electronic polarizability are computed utilizing the usual method. The existence of AgCl NPs with an average size of 3.7 nm is confirmed using TEM analysis. Moreover, the thermal stability and Hruby criterion of the glass decreases as the AgCl NPs content increases. The direct optical band gap are found decrease as the AgCl NPs content increase, but both indirect optical band gap and Urbach energy are found increases as AgCl NPs content increases. The luminescence spectra shows two strong emission which is the purple emission at 436 nm and red emission at 724 nm which also been observed has strong quenching due to the AgCl NPs, Er3+/Nd3+ dopant and modifier, lithium niobate which possessed magnetic penetration. These glass compositions may be potential for various applications such as solid state devices including laser.

  2. Effect of structure, size and copper doping on the luminescence properties of ZnS

    SciTech Connect

    Kamal, Ch. Satya; Mishra, R.K.; Patel, Dinesh K.; Rao, K. Ramachandra; Sudarsan, V.; Vatsa, R.K.

    2016-09-15

    Highlights: • Blue and green emission intensity form ZnS is sensitive to crystallographic form. • For ZnS nanoparticles, emission characteristics are not affected by copper doping. • Cu solubility poor in ZnS nanoparticles compared to corresponding bulk. - Abstract: Luminescence properties of wurtzite and cubic forms of bulk ZnS have been investigated in detail and compared with that of ZnS nanoparticles. Blue emission observed in both hexagonal and cubic forms of undoped bulk ZnS is explained based on electron–hole recombination involving electron in conduction band and hole trapped in Zn{sup 2+} vacancies where as green emission arises due to electron hole recombination from Zn{sup 2+} and S{sup 2−} vacancies. Conversion of wurtzite form to cubic form is associated with relative increase in intensity of green emission due to increased defect concentration brought about by high temperature heat treatment. Copper doping in ZnS, initially leads to formation of both Cu{sub Zn} and Cu{sub i} (interstitial copper) centers, and latter to mainly Cu{sub Zn} centers as revealed by variation in relative intensities of blue and green emission from the samples.

  3. New Insights To Simulate the Luminescence Properties of Pt(II) Complexes Using Quantum Calculations.

    PubMed

    Massuyeau, Florian; Faulques, Eric; Latouche, Camille

    2017-03-24

    The present manuscript reports a thorough quantum investigation on the luminescence properties of three monoplatinum(II) complexes. First, the simulated bond lengths at the ground state are compared to the observed ones, and the simulated electronic transitions are compared to the reported ones in the literature in order to assess our methodology. In a second time we show that geometries from the first triplet excited state are similar to the ground state ones. Simulations of the phosphorescence spectra from the first triplet excited states have been performed taking into account the vibronic coupling effects together with mode-mixing (Dushinsky) and solvent effects. Our simulations are compared with the observed ones already reported in the literature and are in good agreement. The calculations demonstrate that the normal modes of low energy are of great importance on the phosphorescence signature. When temperature effects are taken into account, the simulated phosphorescence spectra are drastically improved. An analysis of the computational time shows that the vibronic coupling simulation is cost-effective and thus can be extended to treat large transition metal complexes. In addition to the intrinsic importance of the investigated targets, this work provides a robust method to simulate phosphorescence spectra and to increase the duality experiment-theory.

  4. Luminescent dendritic cyclometalated iridium(III) polypyridine complexes: synthesis, emission behavior, and biological properties.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Kenneth Yin; Liu, Hua-Wei; Fong, Tommy Tsz-Him; Chen, Xian-Guang; Lo, Kenneth Kam-Wing

    2010-06-21

    Luminescent dendritic cyclometalated iridium(III) polypyridine complexes [{Ir(N--C)(2)}(n)(bpy-n)](PF(6))(n) (HN--C = 2-phenylpyridine, Hppy, n = 8 (ppy-8), 4 (ppy-4), 3 (ppy-3); HN--C = 2-phenylquinoline, Hpq, n = 8 (pq-8), 4 (pq-4), 3 (pq-3)) have been designed and synthesized. The properties of these dendrimers have been compared to those of their monomeric counterparts [Ir(N--C)(2)(bpy-1)](PF(6)) (HN--C = Hppy (ppy-1), Hpq (pq-1)). Cyclic voltammetric studies revealed that the iridium(IV/III) oxidation and bpy-based reduction occurred at about +1.24 to +1.29 V and -1.21 to -1.27 V versus SCE, respectively, for all the complexes. The molar absorptivity of the dendritic iridium(III) complexes is approximately proportional to the number of [Ir(N--C)(2)(N--N)] moieties in one complex molecule. However, the emission lifetimes and quantum yields are relatively independent of the number of [Ir(N--C)(2)(N--N)] units, suggesting negligible electronic communications between these units. Upon photoexcitation, the complexes displayed triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer ((3)MLCT) (dpi(Ir) --> pi*(bpy-n)) emission. The interaction of these complexes with plasmid DNA has been investigated by agarose gel retardation assays. The results showed that the dendritic iridium(III) complexes, unlike their monomeric counterparts, bound to the plasmid, and the interaction was electrostatic in nature. The lipophilicity of all the complexes has been determined by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Additionally, the cellular uptake of the complexes by the human cervix epithelioid carcinoma (HeLa) cell line has been examined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), laser-scanning confocal microscopy, and flow cytometry. Upon internalization, all the complexes were localized in the perinuclear region, forming very sharp luminescent rings surrounding the nuclei. Interestingly, in addition to these rings, HeLa cells treated with the dendritic

  5. Near Infrared Luminescence Properties of Mn(5+): Ca5(PO4)3F

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, Valetta R.; Hoemmerich, Uwe; Loutts, George B.

    1997-01-01

    We report a spectroscopic investigation of Mn(5+) doped Ca5(PO4)(sub 3)F or FAP. Mn(5+) doped crystals have recently attracted world wide attention for potential solid-state laser applications. Following optical excitation of Mn: FAP with the 600 nm output of a Nd: YAG OPO laser system, we observed a strong near infrared luminescence centered at around 1150 nm. The room temperature luminescence decay time was measured to be approximately 635 microseconds. We attribute the infrared luminescence to the(1)E yields (3)A2 transition of tetrahedrally coordinated Mn5+ ions located in a strong crystal field environment. Absorption, luminescence and lifetime data of Mn: FAP will be presented and discussed.

  6. Near Infrared Luminescence Properties of Mn(5+): Ca5(PO4)3F

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, Valetta R.; Hoemmerich, Uwe; Loutts, George B.

    1997-01-01

    We report a spectroscopic investigation of Mn(5+) doped Ca5(PO4)(sub 3)F or FAP. Mn(5+) doped crystals have recently attracted world wide attention for potential solid-state laser applications. Following optical excitation of Mn: FAP with the 600 nm output of a Nd: YAG OPO laser system, we observed a strong near infrared luminescence centered at around 1150 nm. The room temperature luminescence decay time was measured to be approximately 635 microseconds. We attribute the infrared luminescence to the(1)E yields (3)A2 transition of tetrahedrally coordinated Mn5+ ions located in a strong crystal field environment. Absorption, luminescence and lifetime data of Mn: FAP will be presented and discussed.

  7. Luminescent properties of Tb 3+ and Gd 3+ ions doped aluminosilicate oxyfluoride glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zuo, Chenggang; Lu, Anxian; Zhu, Ligang; Zhou, Zhihua; Long, Woyun

    2011-11-01

    Tb 3+ and Gd 3+ ions doped lithium-barium-aluminosilicate oxyfluoride glasses have been prepared. The transmission, emission and excitation spectra were measured. It has been found that those Tb 3+-doped lithium-barium-aluminosilicate oxyfluoride glasses exhibit good UV-excited luminescence. The luminescence intensity of Tb 3+ ion increases for those (Tb 3+, Gd 3+)-codoped glasses. Energy transfer process from Gd 3+ ion to Tb 3+ ion is indicated.

  8. Enhanced UV Emission From Silver/ZnO And Gold/ZnO Core-Shell Nanoparticles: Photoluminescence, Radioluminescence, And Optically Stimulated Luminescence

    PubMed Central

    Guidelli, E. J.; Baffa, O.; Clarke, D. R.

    2015-01-01

    The optical properties of core-shell nanoparticles consisting of a ZnO shell grown on Ag and Au nanoparticle cores by a solution method have been investigated. Both the ZnO/Ag and ZnO/Au particles exhibit strongly enhanced near-band-edge UV emission from the ZnO when excited at 325 nm. Furthermore, the UV intensity increases with the metal nanoparticle concentration, with 60-fold and 17-fold enhancements for the ZnO/Ag and ZnO/Au, core-shell nanoparticles respectively. Accompanying the increase in UV emission, there is a corresponding decrease in the broad band defect emission with nanoparticle concentration. Nonetheless, the broad band luminescence increases with laser power. The results are consistent with enhanced exciton emission in the ZnO shells due to coupling with surface plasmon resonance of the metal nanoparticles. Luminescence measurements during and after exposure to X-rays also exhibit enhanced UV luminescence. These observations suggest that metal nanoparticles may be suitable for enhancing optical detection of ionizing radiation. PMID:26365945

  9. [Fabrication and luminescent properties of Dy3+ doped Sr(1-x)Ca(x)MoO4].

    PubMed

    Guan, Li; Li, Xu; Tian, Xiao-dong; Jin, Li-tao; Yang, Yan-min; Li, Pan-lai; Yang, Zhi-ping

    2011-03-01

    Dy3+ doped Sr(1-x)CaxMoO4 phosphors were prepared by solid state method in the present paper. The crystal structure, luminescent properties and the effect of x on the luminescent properties were studied by XRD, SEM, excitation, emission and color parameters. The XRD patterns indicated that the samples were single phase of CaMoO4 and SrMoO4 when x=1 and x=0. It can be seen that the crystal size of samples prepared at 750 degrees C for 3 h were 0.2-1.0 microm, which was matched with solid state luminescent device. The excitation spectra monitored at 576 nm were composed of a broad band at 250-340 nm and a series of narrow band at 340-460 nm. The excitation peaks situation of CT transition and the excitation peaks intensity of narrow bands varied with Sr/Ca. The emission spectra excited by 350 nm were composed of two broad bands at 470 and 576 nm, which were attributed to the transition of 4F(9/2)-->(6)H(15/2) and (4)F(9/2)-->(6)H(13/2). The emission intensity of yellow and blue emission varied with the value of Sr/Ca.

  10. Synthesis and Luminescence Properties of Eu3+ Doped High Temperature Form of Bi2MoO6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Bing; Zhang, Jie; Li, Pengju; Li, Jianliang; Bian, Yang; Shi, Hengzhen

    2015-03-01

    This work reports on the luminescence properties of the Eu3+-doped high-temperature form of Bi2MoO6 by a solid-state reaction technique at high temperature. Various characterization methods including x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopic, Fourier transform infrared, and fluorescence spectroscopy measurements were utilized in order to investigate the phase purity and surface morphology as well as photoluminescence properties for as-prepared phosphors. The spectroscopic characteristics including excitation and emission spectrum, concentration quenching phenomenon, decay curves, and chromaticity coordinates are discussed in detail. The nature of the luminescence behavior of Eu3+ was understood in term of the Judd-Ofelt theory, and the luminescent quantum efficiency of 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+ was estimated. The as-prepared phosphors can be effectively excited with a 465-nm blue light, and exhibit a reddish-orange emission belonging to the prevailing 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+ with a decay time of milliseconds. This indicates that the Bi2MoO6:Eu3+ phosphors could have potential application in white light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs) based on blue LED chips.

  11. Luminescent and scintillation properties of Lu3Al5O12:Sc single crystal and single crystalline films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zorenko, Y.; Gorbenko, V.; Voznyak, T.; Savchyn, V.; Nizhankovskiy, S.; Dan'ko, A.; Puzikov, V.; Laguta, V.; Mares, J. A.; Nikl, M.; Nejezchleb, K.; Batentschuk, M.; Winnacker, A.

    2012-10-01

    The work is dedicated to growth by the liquid phase epitaxy method and study of the luminescence and scintillation properties of Sc3+ doped single crystalline films (SCF) of Lu3Al5O12 (LuAG) garnet. The scintillation properties of SCF are compared with single crystal (SC) analogues grown by the Horizontal Direct Crystallization and Czochralski methods. We consider the dependence of intensity of the Sc3+ emission in LuAG host on the activator concentration and influence of flux contamination on the light yield (LY) of the Sc3+ luminescence in LuAG:Sc SCF with respect to their SC counterparts and the reference YAP:Ce scintillator. From the NMR investigations of LuAG:Sc SCF we confirm the substitution by Sc3+ ions both the octahedral and dodecahedral positions of LuAG host and formation of the ScAl and ScLu related emission centers, respectively. We also show that the luminescence spectrum in the UV range and decay kinetics of LuAG:Sc SCF can be effectively tuned by changing the scandium content.

  12. Functional Properties of Tooth Pulp Neurons Responding to Thermal Stimulation

    PubMed Central

    Ahn, D.K.; Doutova, E.A.; McNaughton, K.; Light, A.R.; Närhi, M.; Maixner, W.

    2012-01-01

    The response properties of tooth pulp neurons that respond to noxious thermal stimulation of the dental pulp have been not well-studied. The present study was designed to characterize the response properties of tooth pulp neurons to noxious thermal stimulation of the dental pulp. Experiments were conducted on 25 male ferrets, and heat stimulation was applied by a computer-controlled thermode. Only 15% of tooth pulp neurons (n = 39) responded to noxious thermal stimulation of the teeth. Tooth pulp neurons were found in both the superficial and deep nuclear regions of the subnucleus caudalis (Vc) and in the interface between the nucleus caudalis and interpolaris (Vc/Vi). Thirty-seven neurons had cutaneous receptive fields and were classified as either NS (16) or WDR (21) neurons. Repeated heat stimulation of the dental pulp sensitized and increased the number of electrically evoked potentials of tooth pulp neurons. These results provide evidence that both the Vc and Vc/Vi regions contain neurons that respond to noxious thermal stimulation of the dental pulp, and that these cells may contribute to the sensitization process associated with symptomatic pulpitis. PMID:22257665

  13. Spectral-luminescent properties of silver molecular clusters and nanoparticles formed by ion exchange in antimony-doped photo-thermo-refractive glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sgibnev, E. M.; Nikonorov, N. V.; Ignat'ev, A. I.

    2017-01-01

    The formation of silver molecular clusters and nanoparticles in photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glasses with different antimony contents has been investigated using ion exchange with subsequent thermal treatment. The influence of the antimony oxide (Sb2O3) concentration and treatment temperature on the spectral-luminescent properties of silver molecular clusters and nanoparticles in glass has been investigated. It is shown that silver molecular clusters in PTR glasses are characterized by strong broadband luminescence in the visible and near-IR ranges and that the formation of silver nanoparticles leads to luminescence quenching.

  14. Bifunctional 3D porous Cu(I) metal-organic framework with gas sorption and luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xing, Guang'en; Zhang, Yan; Cao, Xiulian

    2017-10-01

    A new Cu(I) metal-organic framework, namely [Cu(L)]2n·n(H2O) (1 HL = 5-(4-Pyridyl)-1H-tetrazole), has been successfully synthesized via the solvothermal reactions of CuI and 5-(4-Pyridyl)-1H-tetrazole ligand, and further characterized by elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction analysis, thermal analysis and single crystal X-ray structural analysis. The L- ligand displays a μ4-N2, N3, N4, N5 coordination mode bridging Cu(I) ions into a 3D porous framework with the opened 1D channels filled by the lattice water molecules. Gas sorption investigations indicated that compound 1 can selectively adsorb CO2 over N2 at 298 K, and luminescent properties investigations revealed that compound 1 features luminescent sensing function for nitrobenzene.

  15. Luminescence properties and energy transfer of Tb3+-Eu3+ co-doped Sr3B2O6 phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tuyen, Ho Van; Nguyen, Manh Son

    2017-06-01

    A series of single-composition phosphors Sr3B2O6: Tb3+, Eu3+have been prepared via a combustion method. The structural and luminescent properties of phosphor are investigated in detail. Under ultraviolet radiation excitation, Sr3B2O6: Tb3+, Eu3+ phosphors show the characteristic f-f transitions of both Eu3+ and Tb3+ and give a bright yellow emission. The investigations on photoluminescence and lifetime of Eu3+ show that there are two sites of luminescence center of Eu3+ in host matrix. The energy transfer from Tb3+ ion to Eu3+ ion are observed and the mechanism of energy transfer is dipole-quadrupole interaction.

  16. Synthesis and luminescence properties of new red-shifted absorption lanthanide(III) chelates suitable for peptide and protein labelling.

    PubMed

    Maindron, Nicolas; Poupart, Séverine; Hamon, Maxime; Langlois, Jean-Baptiste; Plé, Nelly; Jean, Ludovic; Romieu, Anthony; Renard, Pierre-Yves

    2011-04-07

    The synthesis and photo-physical properties of an original bis-pyridinylpyrazine chromophore efficiently sensitising europium(III) and samarium(III) are described. The corresponding lanthanide(III) complexes display in aqueous solutions a maximum excitation wavelength which is significantly red-shifted compared to the usual terpyridine-based chelates, and a valuable luminescence brightness above 2,000 dm(3) mol(-1) cm(-1) at 345 nm was obtained with a europium(III) derivative. Further functionalisation with three different bioconjugatable handles was also investigated and their ability to efficiently label a model hexapeptide was evaluated and compared. Finally, the best bioconjugatable europium(III) chelate was used in representative labelling experiments involving monoclonal antibodies and the luminescence features of the corresponding bioconjugates remained satisfactory.

  17. Preparation and luminescence properties of phosphors of rare earth complexes based on polyoxotungstates

    SciTech Connect

    Wen, He-Rui; Lu, Xiao-Neng; Liao, Jin-Sheng; Zhang, Cai-Wei; You, Hang-Ying; Liu, Cai-Ming

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • Three new phosphors of rare earth complexes based on polyoxotungstates were synthesized. • [Eu(PW{sub 11}O{sub 39}){sub 2}]{sup 11−} (1) emits red light which used as potential red light materials. • [Sm(PW{sub 11}O{sub 39}){sub 2}] {sup 11−} (2) emits strong orange-red light at 598.7 nm. • [Dy(PW{sub 11}O{sub 39}){sub 2}] {sup 11−} (3) emits white light which used as potential white light materials. - Abstract: Three new phosphors of rare earth complexes based on polyoxotungstates, K{sub 3}Cs{sub 8}[Eu(PW{sub 11}O{sub 39}){sub 2}]·11H{sub 2}O (1), K{sub 3}Cs{sub 8}[Sm(PW{sub 11}O{sub 39}){sub 2}]·10H{sub 2}O (2), and K{sub 5}Cs{sub 6}[Dy(PW{sub 11}O{sub 39}){sub 2}]·15H{sub 2}O (3) have been prepared and characterized. The crystallographic analyses reveal that these compounds consist of two monovacant keggin anions [PW{sub 11}O{sub 39}]{sup 7−} connected by a rare earth ion in a sandwich structure. The investigations of photoluminescence properties show that phosphor 1 emits strong red light at 614 and 702 nm, 2 emits strong orange-red light at 598.7 nm, and 3 exists two strong emissions at 479 nm (blue) and 574 nm (orange). The luminescence properties suggest that the 1 can be applied as the potential red-emitting crystal phosphor, and the 3 may be regarded as a potential white light material for LEDs.

  18. Electrical conductivity and luminescence properties of two silver(I) coordination polymers with heterocyclic nitrogen ligands

    SciTech Connect

    Rana, Abhinandan; Kumar Jana, Swapan; Pal, Tanusri; Puschmann, Horst; Zangrando, Ennio; Dalai, Sudipta

    2014-08-15

    The synthesis and X-ray structural characterization of two novel silver(I) coordination polymers, [Ag(NO{sub 3})(quin)]{sub n} (1) and [Ag{sub 8}(HL){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}(mpyz)]·3H{sub 2}O (2) are reported, where quin=5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinoxaline, H{sub 6}L=cyclohexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexacarboxylic acid and mpyz=2-methyl pyrazine. The single crystal diffraction analyses showed that complex 1 is a 2D layered structure, while 2 presents a 3D polymeric architecture. In complex 2 the network is stabilized by argentophilic interactions and hydrogen bonding. Electrical conductivity of order 3×10{sup −4} Scm{sup −1} (1) and 1.6×10{sup −4} Scm{sup −1} (2) is measured on thin film specimen at room temperature. The photoluminescence and thermal properties of the complexes have also been studied. - Graphical abstract: Two new 1D and 3D coordination polymers of Ag(I) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray analysis. The electrical, luminescence and thermal properties have been studied. - Highlights: • 1 is 2D layered while 2 present a 3D polymeric architecture. • The network in 2 is stabilized by argentophilic interactions and hydrogen bonding. • Electrical conductivity measurement is quite interesting. • Argentophilic interaction and intra-ligand π{sup ⁎}–π CT explains emission behavior of 2.

  19. An Infrared Stimulated Luminescence (IRSL) Procedure for Estimating the Transport Rate of Potassium-Feldspar Grains in a Fluvial Setting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGuire, C. P.; Rhodes, E. J.

    2013-12-01

    The Mojave River and Santa Clara River of Southern California were chosen as field sites to assess the feasibility of implementing infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) techniques to determine sediment transport rate. Feldspar sand grains in the active channel of these rivers are expected to be incompletely (partially) bleached by sunlight exposure during transport, causing the grains to have inherited charge at the time of deposition. A modification of the Post-IR IRSL procedure developed by Buylaert et al. (2009) was used for K-Feldspar grains (175-200 μm) at temperature increments of 50, 95, 140, 185, 230 °C over multiple bleach and artificial dose cycles, providing 5 signals of different sensitivity to light exposure. The measurements show an exponential decrease in equivalent dose (De) with distance down the Mojave River, with relatively less bleaching downriver for higher temperature measurements. The equivalent dose for samples at 50 °C is roughly constant along the river, at a low value of approximately 0.7 Grays. The results for higher temperature measurements suggest cyclical bleaching and burial as grains are transported downriver and higher energy (deeper) traps are gradually vacated. However, this interpretation cannot be applied to the Santa Clara River, as no simple relationship exists between the location of samples and their equivalent dose. Possible explanations for this observation include significant sediment flux from catchments with different mineralogy and recent geologic history. For the Mojave River, the relationship between De and distance downriver can be used to constrain transport rate. A bleaching experiment was designed for the Mojave River samples to assess the rate of signal loss as a function of daylight exposure time for each of the different IRSL signal components. The results for each exposure time were fit to the general order kinetics equation, a function used to fit IRSL read-out, using a non-linear regression (Levenberg

  20. Synthesis, structure and luminescent property of a new hybrid solid based on Keggin anions and silver-organonitrogen fragments

    SciTech Connect

    Lue Jian; Xiao Fuxian; Shi Linxi; Cao Rong

    2008-02-15

    A new hybrid solid, {l_brace}Ag(phen){sub 2}{r_brace}{sub 2}{l_brace}[Ag(phen)]{sub 2}[PMo{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace} (phen=1,10-phenanthroline) 1, constructed from one-electron-reduced mono-supported {alpha}-Keggin polyanions and silver-phenanthroline fragments via either covalent bonds or supramolecular interactions, is described. In the structure of 1, mono-supported {l_brace}Ag(phen)[PMo{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace}{sup 3-} polyanions are connected by {l_brace}Ag(phen){r_brace}{sup +} linking fragments to form a hybrid chain structure with engrafted phen ligands. {l_brace}Ag(phen){sub 2}{r_brace}{sup +} counter-cations occur in pairs trapping in strong inter-chain {pi}-{pi} stacking to form a three-dimensional supramolecular framework. Luminescent investigation of the compound indicates that 1 displays fascinating orange luminescent property at ambient temperature. - Graphical abstract: A novel hybrid solid, {l_brace}Ag(phen){sub 2}{r_brace}{sub 2}{l_brace}[Ag(phen)]{sub 2}[PMo{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace} (phen=1,10-phenanthroline) 1, is reported. In the structure of 1, {l_brace}Ag(phen)[PMo{sub 12}O{sub 40}]{r_brace}{sup 3-} polyanions are connected by {l_brace}Ag(phen){r_brace}{sup +} fragments to form a hybrid chain structure. {l_brace}Ag(phen){sub 2}{r_brace}{sup +} counter-cations are involved in inter-chain {pi}-{pi} stacking to form a three-dimensional supramolecular framework. Luminescent investigation of 1 indicates that 1 displays fascinating orange luminescent property at ambient temperature.

  1. Rare earth doped LiYbF{sub 4} phosphors with controlled morphologies: Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Wenjuan; Lu, Chunhua; Jiang, Chenfei; Jin, Junyang; Ding, Mingye; Ni, Yaru; Xu, Zhongzi

    2012-06-15

    Highlights: ► LiYbF{sub 4} microparticles as an excellent upconverting materials. ► High temperature and long time can favor high crystalline LiYbF{sub 4} microparticles. ► The shape of LiYbF{sub 4} microparticles can be tuned by the molar ratio of EDTA to Yb{sup 3+}. ► Bright green emission can be obtained by changing the doping concentration of Er{sup 3+}. -- Abstract: High quality monodisperse LiYbF{sub 4} microparticles with shape of octahedron had been prepared via a facile hydrothermal route. The crystalline phase, size, morphology and luminescence properties were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectra and Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage (CIE 1931) chromaticity coordinates, respectively. The influences of reaction temperature, reaction time and the molar ratio of EDTA to Yb{sup 3+} on the crystal phases and shapes of as-prepared products had been investigated in detail. The upconversion (UC) luminescence properties of LiYb{sub 1−x}F{sub 4}:xEr{sup 3+} (x =0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2, 5 and 10 mol%) particles with octahedral microstructures were studied under 976 nm excitation. The results showed that the luminescence colors of the corresponding products could be tuned to bright green by changing the doping concentration of Er{sup 3+} ion. The luminescence mechanisms for the doped Er{sup 3+} ion were thoroughly analyzed, showing great potential in applications such as biolabels, displays and other optical technologies.

  2. Effect of an electron beam irradiation on optical and luminescence properties of LiBaAlF6 single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ogorodnikov, I. N.; Pustovarov, V. A.; Omelkov, S. I.; Kirm, M.

    2017-07-01

    Paper reports the effect of a 10 keV, 110 keV and 10 MeV electron beam irradiation on optical and luminescence properties of LiBaAlF6 (LBAF) single crystals at 10, 90, and 293 K. Five absorption bands at 2.0, 3.2, 4.3, 4.9 and 5.5 eV were revealed in irradiated crystals in the energy range of 1.2-9.5 eV. Several PL emission bands (1.7-1.8, 2.2 and 2.5-3.5 eV) related to defects were found in the luminescence spectra at room temperature, while only one luminescence band at E = 2.2 eV appears at T = 90 K in LBAF crystals after a 10 MeV electron bombardment. The PL excitation spectra and time-response for these emission bands were studied at 10, 90, and 293 K. Thermoluminescence (TL) of irradiated crystals was studied in the temperature range of 90-740 K. New TL glow peaks at 166, 530 and 670 K were revealed and their parameters were determined. Temperature dependence of relative photoluminescence yield recorded monitoring emission at the 1.87 and 2.23 eV in the temperature range from 130 to 450 K, were fitted using five quenching processes related to TL glow peaks revealed in our research. Significant similarity in the manifestation of radiation-induced defects for LBAF and previously studied LiBaF3 single crystals is noted. The effect of an electron beam irradiation on optical and luminescence properties of LBAF single crystals and possible origin of the radiation defects were discussed.

  3. Spectral and Luminescence Properties of Sols and Coatings Containing CdS/ZnS QDs and Polyvinylpyrrolidone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evstrop'ev, K. S.; Gatchin, Yu. A.; Evstrop'ev, S. K.; Dukel'skii, K. V.; Kislyakov, I. M.; Pegasova, N. A.; Bagrov, I. V.

    2016-03-01

    Spectral and luminescence properties of sols and composition coatings containing cadmium and zinc sulfides and high-molecular polyvinylpyrrolidone have been studied. It is shown that the absorption spectra of colloidal solutions in the UV spectral range are determined by the quantum-confinement effect and exhibit a dependence of the absorption edge on the size of cadmium sulfide nanocrystals. The size of forming particles of metal sulfides has been found to decrease with an increase in the relative content of polyvinylpyrrolidone. It is shown that the order of mixing of the initial components when synthesizing sols also determines the difference in the size of forming particles and their spectral properties.

  4. Designing of luminescent GdPO4:Eu@LaPO4@SiO2 core/shell nanorods: Synthesis, structural and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ansari, Anees A.; Labis, Joselito P.; Aslam Manthrammel, M.

    2017-09-01

    GdPO4:Eu3+ (core) and GdPO4:Eu@LaPO4 (core/shell) nanorods (NRs) were successfully prepared by urea based co-precipitation process at ambient conditions which was followed by coating with amorphous silica shell via the sol-gel chemical route. The role of surface coating on the crystal structure, crystallinity, morphology, solubility, surface chemistry and luminescence properties were well investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), UV-Vis, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. XRD pattern revealed highly purified, well-crystalline, single phase-hexagonal-rhabdophane structure of GdPO4 crystal. The TEM micrographs exhibited highly crystalline and narrow size distributed rod-shaped GdPO4:Eu3+ nanostructures with average width 14-16 nm and typical length 190-220 nm. FTIR spectra revealed characteristic infrared absorption bands of amorphous silica. High absorbance in a visible region of silica modified core/shell/Si NRs in aqueous environment suggests the high solubility along with colloidal stability. The photoluminescence properties were remarkably enhanced after growth of undoped LaPO4 layers due to the reduction of nonradiative transition rate. The advantages of presented high emission intensity and high solubility of core/shell and core/shell/Si NRs indicated the potential applications in monitoring biological events.

  5. SU-E-CAMPUS-T-05: Preliminary Results On a 2D Dosimetry System Based On the Optically Stimulated Luminescence of Al2O3

    SciTech Connect

    Ahmed, M; Eller, S; Yukihara, E; Schnell, E; Ahmad, S; Akselrod, M; Hanson, O

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To develop a precise 2D dose mapping technique based on the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) from Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films for medical applications. Methods: A 2D laser scanning reader was developed using fast F{sup +}-center (lifetime of <7 ns) and slow F-center (lifetime of 35 ms) OSL emission from newly developed Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films (Landauer Inc.). An algorithm was developed to correct images for both material and system properties. Since greater contribution of the F??-center emission in the recorded signal increases the readout efficiency and robustness of image corrections, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C,Mg film samples are being investigated in addition to Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C samples. Preliminary investigations include exposure of the films to a 6 MV photon beam at 10 cm depth in solid water phantom with an SSD of 100 cm, using a 10 cm × 10 cm flat field or a 4 cm × 4 cm field with a 60° wedge filter. Kodak EDR2 radiographic film and EBT2 Gafchromic film were also exposed for comparison. Results: The results indicate that the algorithm is able to correct images and calculate 2D dose. For the wedge field irradiation, the calculated dose at the center of the field was 0.9 Gy for Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C and 0.87 Gy for Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C,Mg, whereas, the delivered dose was 0.95 Gy. A good qualitative agreement of the dose profiles was obtained between the OSL films and EDR2 and EBT2 films. Laboratory tests using a beta source suggest that a large dynamic range (10{sup −2}−10{sup 2} Gy) can be achieved using this technique. Conclusion: A 2D dosimetry system and an in-house image correction algorithm were developed for 2D film dosimetry in medical applications. The system is in the preliminary stage of development, but the data demonstrates the feasibility of this approach. This work was supported by Landauer, Inc.

  6. The response of thermally and optically stimulated luminescence from Al2O3:C to high-energy heavy charged particles.

    PubMed

    Gaza, R; Yukihara, E G; McKeever, S W S

    2004-01-01

    The thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) response of Al2O3 dosimeters to high-energy heavy charged particles (HCP) has been studied using the heavy ion medical accelerator at Chiba, Japan. The samples were Al2O3 single-crystal chips, of the type usually known as TLD-500, and Luxel(TM) dosimeters (Al2O3:C powder in plastic) from Landauer Inc. The samples were exposed to 4He (150 MeV/u), 12C (400 MeV/u), 28Si (490 MeV/us) and 56Fe (500 MeV/u) ions, with linear energy transfer values covering the range from 2.26 to 189 keV/micrometers in water and doses from 1 to 100 mGy (to water). A 90Sr/90Y beta source, calibrated against a 60Co secondary standard, was used for calibration purposes. For OSL, we used both continuous-wave OSL measurements (CW-OSL, using green light stimulation at 525 nm) and pulsed OSL measurements (POSL, using 532 nm stimulation from a Nd:YAG Q-switched laser). The efficiencies (eta HCP, gamma) of the different HCPs at producing OSL or TL were observed to depend not only upon the linear energy transfer (LET) of the HCP, but also upon the sample type (single crystal chip or Luxel(TM)) and the luminescence method used to define the signal--i.e. TL, CW-OSL initial intensity, CW-OSL total area, or POSL. Observed changes in shape of the decay curve lead to potential methods for extracting LET information of unknown radiation fields. A discussion of the results is given, including the potential use of OSL from Al2O3 in the areas of space radiation dosimetry and radiation oncology.

  7. The response of thermally and optically stimulated luminescence from Al2O3:C to high-energy heavy charged particles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaza, R.; Yukihara, E. G.; McKeever, S. W. S.

    2004-01-01

    The thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) response of Al2O3 dosimeters to high-energy heavy charged particles (HCP) has been studied using the heavy ion medical accelerator at Chiba, Japan. The samples were Al2O3 single-crystal chips, of the type usually known as TLD-500, and Luxel(TM) dosimeters (Al2O3:C powder in plastic) from Landauer Inc. The samples were exposed to 4He (150 MeV/u), 12C (400 MeV/u), 28Si (490 MeV/us) and 56Fe (500 MeV/u) ions, with linear energy transfer values covering the range from 2.26 to 189 keV/micrometers in water and doses from 1 to 100 mGy (to water). A 90Sr/90Y beta source, calibrated against a 60Co secondary standard, was used for calibration purposes. For OSL, we used both continuous-wave OSL measurements (CW-OSL, using green light stimulation at 525 nm) and pulsed OSL measurements (POSL, using 532 nm stimulation from a Nd:YAG Q-switched laser). The efficiencies (eta HCP, gamma) of the different HCPs at producing OSL or TL were observed to depend not only upon the linear energy transfer (LET) of the HCP, but also upon the sample type (single crystal chip or Luxel(TM)) and the luminescence method used to define the signal--i.e. TL, CW-OSL initial intensity, CW-OSL total area, or POSL. Observed changes in shape of the decay curve lead to potential methods for extracting LET information of unknown radiation fields. A discussion of the results is given, including the potential use of OSL from Al2O3 in the areas of space radiation dosimetry and radiation oncology. c2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. The response of thermally and optically stimulated luminescence from Al2O3:C to high-energy heavy charged particles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaza, R.; Yukihara, E. G.; McKeever, S. W. S.

    2004-01-01

    The thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) response of Al2O3 dosimeters to high-energy heavy charged particles (HCP) has been studied using the heavy ion medical accelerator at Chiba, Japan. The samples were Al2O3 single-crystal chips, of the type usually known as TLD-500, and Luxel(TM) dosimeters (Al2O3:C powder in plastic) from Landauer Inc. The samples were exposed to 4He (150 MeV/u), 12C (400 MeV/u), 28Si (490 MeV/us) and 56Fe (500 MeV/u) ions, with linear energy transfer values covering the range from 2.26 to 189 keV/micrometers in water and doses from 1 to 100 mGy (to water). A 90Sr/90Y beta source, calibrated against a 60Co secondary standard, was used for calibration purposes. For OSL, we used both continuous-wave OSL measurements (CW-OSL, using green light stimulation at 525 nm) and pulsed OSL measurements (POSL, using 532 nm stimulation from a Nd:YAG Q-switched laser). The efficiencies (eta HCP, gamma) of the different HCPs at producing OSL or TL were observed to depend not only upon the linear energy transfer (LET) of the HCP, but also upon the sample type (single crystal chip or Luxel(TM)) and the luminescence method used to define the signal--i.e. TL, CW-OSL initial intensity, CW-OSL total area, or POSL. Observed changes in shape of the decay curve lead to potential methods for extracting LET information of unknown radiation fields. A discussion of the results is given, including the potential use of OSL from Al2O3 in the areas of space radiation dosimetry and radiation oncology. c2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Luminescence nanothermometry.

    PubMed

    Jaque, Daniel; Vetrone, Fiorenzo

    2012-08-07

    The current status of luminescence nanothermometry is reviewed in detail. Based on the main parameters of luminescence including intensity, bandwidth, bandshape, polarization, spectral shift and lifetime, we initially describe and compare the different classes of luminescence nanothermometry. Subsequently, the various luminescent materials used in each case are discussed and the mechanisms at the root of the luminescence thermal sensitivity are described. The most important results obtained in each case are summarized and the advantages and disadvantages of these approaches are discussed.

  10. Middle-Late Holocene earthquake history of the Gyrtoni Fault, Central Greece: Insight from optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating and paleoseismology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsodoulos, Ioannis M.; Stamoulis, Konstantinos; Caputo, Riccardo; Koukouvelas, Ioannis; Chatzipetros, Alexandros; Pavlides, Spyros; Gallousi, Christina; Papachristodoulou, Christina; Ioannides, Konstantinos

    2016-09-01

    The south-dipping Gyrtoni Fault defines the northeastern boundary of the Middle-Late Quaternary Tyrnavos Basin, Central Greece. The recognition and recent tectonic activity of the fault were previously based on mapping, remote sensing analyses and electrical resistivity tomography studies. To understand the Holocene seismotectonic behavior of the Gyrtoni Fault we excavated two paleoseismological trenches. To estimate the timing of past earthquakes using luminescence dating, we obtained twenty five fluvial-colluvial sediment and pottery samples from both the upthrown and the downthrown fault blocks. We applied the Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dating to coarse grain quartz using the single-aliquot regenerative-dose (SAR) protocol. Our investigations of luminescence characteristics using various tests confirmed the suitability of the material for OSL dating. We found that the estimated OSL ages were internally consistent and agreed well with the available stratigraphical data, archaeological evidence and radiocarbon dates. The performed paleoseismological analysis emphasized the occurrence of three surface faulting events in a time span between 1.42 ± 0.06 ka and 5.59 ± 0.13 ka. Also, we recognized an earlier faulting event (fourth) has been also recognized to be older than 5.59 ± 0.13 ka. The mean throw per event value of 0.50-0.60 m could correspond to a ca. Mw 6.5 earthquake. An average fault slip rate of 0.41 ± 0.01 mm/a and an average recurrence time of 1.39 ± 0.14 ka were also estimated. Our results suggest that the elapsed time from the most recent event (minimum age 1.42 ± 0.06 ka) is comparable with the mean return period.

  11. Synthesis and luminescent properties of a novel green-emitting Tb (Ⅲ) complex based on amino-modified fluorine silicone oil and isophorone diisocyanate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Haixia; Chu, Yang; Yu, Zhenjiang; Xie, Hongde; Seo, Hyo Jin

    2017-10-01

    The novel luminescent polymer-rare earth complexes, denoted as (PFSi-IPDI)-Tb(Ⅲ)-Phen, have been successfully synthesized and can be made into flexible films. Amino-modified fluorine silicone oil-isophorone diisocyanate (PFSi-IPDI) was used as the host macromolecular ligand, and 1, 10-Phenanthroline (Phen) as the secondary small-molecular co-ligand. The luminescent lanthanide complexes were characterized by fourier transform infrared (FITR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The luminescent properties were investigated through photoluminescence excitation (PLE) and emission (PL) spectroscopy. FTIR analysis verifies the successful preparation and integration of PFSi-IPDI to Tb3+. The comparatively uniform morphological structure can be observed in the images of SEM. The polymer-rare earth complexes display the typical luminescence emission peaks under the excitation wavelength of 330 nm. From the decay curve, the short lifetime (about 0.89 ms) is observed for (PFSi-IPDI)-Tb(Ⅲ)-Phen (0.6 mol/L). Moreover, these luminescent polymer-rare earth complexes possess superior thermal stability (T5 > 195 °C). All the interesting results suggest the potential application of the luminescent polymer-rare earth complexes in green-emitting luminescent materials under high temperature.

  12. Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence properties of "paddle wheel" and "butterfly" shaped polynuclear complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bai, Fenghua; Ni, Yulan; Jiang, Yang; Feng, Xuenan; Wuren, Tuya; Zhang, Liping; Su, Haiquan

    2017-03-01

    A series of metal cluster-based complexes were constructed from the reaction of metal ions (FeIII, CuII, ZnII) and ligand (2-({2-[2-carbosybenzoy])oxy]-ethoxy}carbonyal)benzoic acid) (H2L) in CH3CH2OH, CH3OH, (C2H5)3N and C2H3N. Two paddle wheel trinuclear clusters [Fe3(μ3-O)(μ2-η2-L)3(CH3OH)3]NO3·C2H5OH·CH3OH (1) and [Fe3(μ3-O)(μ2-η2-L)3(H2O)3]NO3·5CH3OH·H2O (2), one tetranuclear cluster [Cu2(μ2-L)2(C2H3N)2·2C2H3N]2 (3) and one butterfly shaped dinuclear cluster [Zn2(μ2-L)2(C2H5OH)2]·2CH3OH (4) were obtained. Complexes 1, 2, and 4 are further assembled by intermolecular hydrogen bonds to form supramolecular frameworks. In complex 3, the flexible benzoic acid ligand chelates with two CuII, which induces a decrease of Cusbnd Cu intermetallic separation (rang from 2.644 to 2.657 Å). The structures of the complexes are characterized by elemental analyses, Infrared spectroscopy (IR spectroscopy), thermal gravimetry (TG) analyses, single crystal X-ray diffraction and powder X-ray diffraction techniques (PXRD), and high resolution mass spectra (HRMS). The luminescent properties of the clusters 1-4 are also studied, the results show that the cluster 4 exhibits blue fluorescence at room temperature.

  13. Luminescence properties of dysprosium doped di-calcium di-aluminium silicate phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tiwari, Geetanjali; Brahme, Nameeta; Sharma, Ravi; Bisen, D. P.; Sao, Sanjay K.; Tigga, Shalinta

    2016-08-01

    A Dysprosium doped di-calcium di-aluminium silicate phosphor emitting long-lasting white light was prepared and investigated. Phosphors were synthesized by combustion-assisted method. The effect of doping concentration on the crystal structure and luminescence properties of Ca2Al2SiO7:Dy3+ phosphors were investigated. The phase structure, surface morphology, particle size, elemental analysis was analyzed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) techniques. X-ray diffraction (XRD) profiles showed that all peaks could be attributed to the tetragonal Ca2Al2SiO7 phase when the sample was annealed at 1100 °C. The increase in TL intensity indicates that the concentration of traps increases with UV irradiation. Under the UV-excitation, the Thermoluminescence (TL) emission spectra of Ca2Al2SiO7:Dy3+ phosphor shows the characteristic emission of Dy3+ peaking at 484 nm (blue), 583 nm (yellow) and 680 nm (red), originating from the transitions of 4F9/2 → 6H15/2, 4F9/2 → 6H13/2 and 4F9/2 → 6H11/2. Photoluminescence (PL) decay has also reported and it indicates that Ca2Al2SiO7:Dy3+ phosphor contains fast decay and slow decay process. The peak of Mechanoluminescence (ML) intensity increases linearly with increasing impact velocity of the moving piston. The possible mechanism of Thermoluminescence (TL), Photoluminescence (PL) and Mechanoluminescence (ML) of this white light emitting long lasting phosphor is also investigated.

  14. Investigation on three new metal carboxydiphosphonates: Syntheses, structures, magnetic and luminescent properties

    SciTech Connect

    Tang Sifu; Pan Xiaobo; Lv Xiaoxia; Zhao Xuebo

    2013-01-15

    A new multifunctionalized phosphoric acid, (2-(diphosphonomethylamino)nicotinic acid, Py(COOH)(NHCH--(PO{sub 3}H{sub 2}){sub 2}), H{sub 5}L{sup 1}), has been employed as ligand for the construction of new metal phosphonates. By reacting it with different metal chlorides under hydrothermal condition, three new transition metal phosphonates, namely, [Co{sub 2}(HL{sup 1})(H{sub 2}O){sub 5}][H{sub 2}O]{sub 3} (1), Zn(H{sub 3}L{sup 1}) (2) and [Cd(H{sub 3}L{sup 1})(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}][H{sub 2}O] (3) were successfully obtained. The single-crystal structure measurements indicated that the coordination mode of ligand H{sub 5}L{sup 1} is metal-dependant and results in different structures. For compound 1, it features 2D layered structure. Whereas compounds 2 and 3 have 1D chain structures. Under the excitation of 250 nm light, both compounds 2 and 3 show intraligand and ligand to metal charge transfer (LMCT) emission bands at about 415 and 420 nm, respectively. Magnetic study shows that compound 1 displays antiferromagnetic behavior. - Graphical abstract: Three new metal phosphonates were synthesized from a multifunctionalized phosphonate ligand and different metal chlorides. Their structures, thermal stabilities, luminescent and magnetic properties were characterized. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Three new metal phosphonates were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compound 1 exhibits 2D layered structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compounds 2 and 3 have 1D infinite chain structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compound 1 displays antiferromagnetic behavior. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compounds 2 and 3 show intraligand and ligand to metal charge transfer emission bands.

  15. Three-Dimensional Assembly of Yttrium Oxide Nanosheets into Luminescent Aerogel Monoliths with Outstanding Adsorption Properties.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Wei; Rechberger, Felix; Niederberger, Markus

    2016-02-23

    The preparation of macroscopic materials from two-dimensional nanostructures represents a great challenge. Restacking and random aggregation to dense structures during processing prevents the preservation of the two-dimensional morphology of the nanobuilding blocks in the final body. Here we present a facile solution route to ultrathin, crystalline Y2O3 nanosheets, which can be assembled into a 3D network by a simple centrifugation-induced gelation method. The wet gels are converted into aerogel monoliths of macroscopic dimensions via supercritical drying. The as-prepared, fully crystalline Y2O3 aerogels show high surface areas of up to 445 m(2)/g and a very low density of 0.15 g/cm(3), which is only 3% of the bulk density of Y2O3. By doping and co-doping the Y2O3 nanosheets with Eu(3+) and Tb(3+), we successfully fabricated luminescent aerogel monoliths with tunable color emissions from red to green under UV excitation. Moreover, the as-prepared gels and aerogels exhibit excellent adsorption capacities for organic dyes in water without losing their structural integrity. For methyl blue we measured an unmatched adsorption capacity of 8080 mg/g. Finally, the deposition of gold nanoparticles on the nanosheets gave access to Y2O3-Au nanocomposite aerogels, proving that this approach may be used for the synthesis of catalytically active materials. The broad range of properties including low density, high porosity, and large surface area in combination with tunable photoluminescence makes these Y2O3 aerogels a truly multifunctional material with potential applications in optoelectronics, wastewater treatment, and catalysis.

  16. Tb3+ ion doping into Al2O3: Solubility limit and luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onishi, Yuya; Nakamura, Toshihiro; Adachi, Sadao

    2016-11-01

    Tb3+-activated Al2O3 phosphors with a molar ratio of \\text{Al}:\\text{Tb} = (1 - x):x are synthesized by metal organic decomposition (x = 0-0.15) and subsequent calcination at T c = 200-1200 °C for 1 h in air. The material properties of the synthesized phosphors are investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) analyses, PL excitation spectroscopy, and luminescence lifetime measurements. At x = 0.015, the metastable phase of γ-Al2O3 is obtained by calcination at T c ˜ 300-1050 °C and a mixture of γ, θ, and α phases at T c ˜ 1050-1150 °C. The high-temperature stable phase of α-Al2O3 is obtained only at T c ≥ 1150 °C. Below T c ˜ 300 °C, the XRD data suggest the formation of boehmite (AlOOH). The solubility limit of Tb3+ in α-Al2O3 is also clearly determined to be x ˜ 0.015 (1.5%). The PL decay time of the Tb3+ green emission in α-Al2O3 is ˜1.1 ms for x < 0.015 and slowly decreases with further increase in x (Tb3+). The schematic energy-level diagram of Tb3+ in α-Al2O3 is proposed for a better understanding of the present phosphor system. Finally, the temperature dependence of the PL intensity is examined between T = 20 and 450 K, yielding quenching energies of E q ˜ 0.28 eV (α-Al2O3 and γ-Al2O3).

  17. Structure–mechanical property correlations in mechanochromic luminescent crystals of boron difluoride dibenzoylmethane derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Krishna, Gamidi Rama; Devarapalli, Ramesh; Prusty, Rajesh; Liu, Tiandong; Fraser, Cassandra L.; Ramamurty, Upadrasta; Reddy, Chilla Malla

    2015-01-01

    The structure and mechanical properties of crystalline materials of three boron difluoride dibenzoylmethane (BF2dbm) derivatives were investigated to examine the correlation, if any, among mechanochromic luminescence (ML) behaviour, solid-state structure, and the mechanical behaviour of single crystals. Qualitative mechanical deformation tests show that the crystals of BF2dbm(tBu)2 can be bent permanently, whereas those of BF2dbm(OMe)2 exhibit an inhomogeneous shearing mode of deformation, and finally BF2dbmOMe crystals are brittle. Quantitative mechanical analysis by nano­indentation on the major facets of the crystals shows that BF2dbm(tBu)2 is soft and compliant with low values of elastic modulus, E, and hardness, H, confirming its superior suceptibility for plastic deformation, which is attributed to the presence of a multitude of slip systems in the crystal structure. In contrast, both BF2dbm(OMe)2 and BF2dbmOMe are considerably stiffer and harder with comparable E and H, which are rationalized through analysis of the structural attributes such as the intermolecular interactions, slip systems and their relative orientation with respect to the indentation direction. As expected from the qualitative mechanical behaviour, prominent ML was observed in BF2dbm(tBu)2, whereas BF2dbm(OMe)2 exhibits only a moderate ML and BF2dbmOMe shows no detectable ML, all examined under identical conditions. These results confirm that the extent of ML in crystalline organic solid-state fluorophore materials can be correlated positively with the extent of plasticity (low recovery). In turn, they offer opportunities to design new and improved efficient ML materials using crystal engineering principles. PMID:26594368

  18. Anodic luminescence, structural, photoluminescent, and photocatalytic properties of anodic oxide films grown on niobium in phosphoric acid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stojadinović, Stevan; Tadić, Nenad; Radić, Nenad; Stefanov, Plamen; Grbić, Boško; Vasilić, Rastko

    2015-11-01

    This article reports on properties of oxide films obtained by anodization of niobium in phosphoric acid before and after the dielectric breakdown. Weak anodic luminescence of barrier oxide films formed during the anodization of niobium is correlated to the existence of morphological defects in the oxide layer. Small sized sparks generated by dielectric breakdown of formed oxide film cause rapid increase of luminescence intensity. The luminescence spectrum of obtained films on niobium under spark discharging is composed of continuum radiation and spectral lines caused by electronic spark discharging transitions in oxygen and hydrogen atoms. Oxide films formed before the breakdown are amorphous, while after the breakdown oxide films are partly crystalline and mainly composed of Nb2O5 hexagonal phase. The photocatalytic activity of obtained oxide films after the breakdown was investigated by monitoring the degradation of methyl orange. Increase of the photocatalytic activity with time is related to an increase of oxygen vacancy defects in oxide films formed during the process. Also, higher concentration of oxygen vacancy defects in oxide films results in higher photoluminescence intensity.

  19. Luminescence properties of Eu-complex formations into ordered mesoporous silica particles obtained by the spray pyrolysis process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rocha, Lucas A.; Freiria, Janaina do C.; Caiut, José Maurício A.; Ribeiro, Sidney J. L.; Messaddeq, Younes; Verelst, Marc; Dexpert-Ghys, Jeannette

    2015-08-01

    Ordered mesoporous, highly luminescent SiO2 particles have been synthesized by spray pyrolysis from solutions containing tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), Eu(NO3)3.6H2O, and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as structure-directing agents. The 1,10-phenantroline (Phen) molecules were coordinated in a post-synthesis step by a simple wet impregnation method. In addition, other matrices were also prepared by the encapsulation of europium complex Eu(fod)3 (where fod = 6,6,7,7,8,8,8-heptafluoro-2,2-dimethyl-3,5-octanedionato) into mesoporous silica, and then the Phen molecules were encapsulated by different impregnation steps, after which the luminescence properties were investigated. The obtained materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), powder x-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Powders with polydisperse spherical grains were obtained, displaying an ordered hexagonal array of mesochannels. Luminescence results revealed that Phen molecules had been successfully coordinated as an additional ligand in the Eu(fod)3 complex into the channels of the mesoporous particles without disrupting the structure.

  20. Investigation on upconversion luminescence properties of Gd2O3: Ho3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Fei; Fang, Yu; Liu, Xiao-bo; Xu, Fang; Song, Ying-lin

    2013-09-01

    Lanthanide doped oxides nano materials have novel optical, physical and structural properties. Cubic Ho3+-Yb3+-Tm3+ co-doped Gd2O3 nanotubes are synthetize by a simple wet-chemical route at low temperature and ambient pressure followed by subsequent annealing heat treatment in muffle furnace. Nanotubes are formed by adjusting the pH value of reacting solution. The introduction of Yb3+ leads to strong visible upconversion luminescence and change the intensity ratio of the green, blue and red luminescence. In trichromatic laser display, research of how to enhance blue light is in the bottleneck period. In the experiment, the blue emission has been successfully improved. In certain doping ratio, distinct enhancement of blue emission and obvious degradation of green light have been observed, which is discussed in detail. X-Ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and upconversion (UC) emission spectra are used to characterize the sample. Strong and adjusted upconversion luminescence determine that the nano material is a potential candidate for applications of biological probe, color displays, lighting and photonics.

  1. Exceptional Oxygen Sensing Properties of New Blue Light-Excitable Highly Luminescent Europium(III) and Gadolinium(III) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Borisov, Sergey M.; Fischer, Roland; Saf, Robert; Klimant, Ingo

    2016-01-01

    New europium(III) and gadolinium(III) complexes bearing 8-hydroxyphenalenone antenna combine efficient absorption in the blue part of the spectrum and strong emission in polymers at room temperature. The Eu(III) complexes show characteristic red luminescence whereas the Gd(III) dyes are strongly phosphorescent. The luminescence quantum yields are about 20% for the Eu(III) complexes and 50% for the Gd(III) dyes. In contrast to most state-of-the-art Eu(III) complexes the new dyes are quenched very efficiently by molecular oxygen. The luminescence decay times of the Gd(III) complexes exceed 1 ms which ensures exceptional sensitivity even in polymers of moderate oxygen permeability. These sensors are particularly suitable for trace oxygen sensing and may be good substitutes for Pd(II) porphyrins. The photophysical and sensing properties can be tuned by varying the nature of the fourth ligand. The narrow-band emission of the Eu(III) allows efficient elimination of the background light and autofluorescence and is also very attractive for use e.g. in multi-analyte sensors. The highly photostable indicators incorporated in nanoparticles are promising for imaging applications. Due to the straightforward preparation and low cost of starting materials the new dyes represent a promising alternative to the state-of-the-art oxygen indicators particularly for such applications as e.g. food packaging. PMID:27158252

  2. Synthesis and luminescence properties of polymer-rare earth complexes containing salicylaldehyde-type bidentate Schiff base ligand.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dandan; Gao, Baojiao; Li, Yanbin

    2017-01-24

    Using molecular design and polymer reactions, two types of bidentate Schiff base ligands, salicylaldehyde-aniline (SAN) and salicylaldehyde-cyclohexylamine (SCA), were synchronously synthesized and bonded onto the side chain of polysulfone (PSF), giving two bidentate Schiff base ligand-functionalized PSFs, PSF-SAN and PSF-SCA, referred to as macromolecular ligands. Following coordination reactions between the macromolecular ligands and Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions (the reaction occurred between the bonded ligands SAN or SCA and the lanthanide ion), two series of luminescent polymer-rare earth complexes, PSF-SAN-Eu(III) and PSF-SCA-Tb(III), were obtained. The two macromolecular ligands were fully characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), (1) H NMR and UV absorption spectroscopy, and the prepared complexes were also characterized by FTIR, UV absorption spectroscopy and thermo-gravity analysis. On this basis, the photoluminescence properties of these complexes and the relationships between their structure and luminescence were investigated in depth. The results show that the bonded bidentate Schiff base ligands, SAN and SCA, can effectively sensitize the fluorescence emission of Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions, respectively. PSF-SAN-Eu(III) series complexes, namely the binary complex PSF-(SAN)3 -Eu(III) and the ternary complex PSF-(SAN)3 -Eu(III)-(Phen)1 (Phen is the small-molecule ligand 1,10-phenanthroline), produce strong red luminescence, suggesting that the triplet state energy level of SAN is lower and well matched with the resonant energy level of the Eu(III) ion. By contrast, PSF-SAN-Eu(III) series complexes, namely the binary complex PSF-(SCA)3 -Tb(III) and the ternary complex PSF-(SCA)3 -Tb(III)-(Phen)1 , display strong green luminescence, suggesting that the triplet state energy level of SCA is higher and is well matched with the resonant energy level of Tb(III).

  3. X-ray excited optical luminescence : Understanding the light emission properties of silicon based nanostructures.

    SciTech Connect

    Sham, T.K.; Rosenberg, R. A.; Univ. of Western Ontario

    2007-01-01

    The recent advances in the study of light emission from matter induced by synchrotron radiation: X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) in the energy domain and time-resolved X-ray excited optical luminescence (TRXEOL) are described. The development of these element (absorption edge) selective, synchrotron X-ray photons in, optical photons out techniques with time gating coincide with advances in third-generation, insertion device based, synchrotron light sources. Electron bunches circulating in a storage ring emit very bright, widely energy tunable, short light pulses (<100 ps), which are used as the excitation source for investigation of light-emitting materials. Luminescence from silicon nanostructures (porous silicon, silicon nanowires, and Si-CdSe heterostructures) is used to illustrate the applicability of these techniques and their great potential in future applications.

  4. Luminescent Properties and Mechanism of Gd1-x-yAlO3Eux,REy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Lan; Liu, Qing-Feng; Liu, Qian

    2005-01-01

    GAP:Eu,Re(Gd1-x-yAlO3:Eux, REy, RE=Pr or Ce) powders were prepared by a nitrate-citrate process. It is found that luminescent intensity decreases when GAP:Eu is co-doped with Pr or Ce. The phenomena of spectra prove that there is a resonant energy transfer between Eu and Pr, by the absorption and emission of lower-energy phonon, and also Ce sensitizer decreases the activator energy level from host→Eu. The two factors are considered to be the main reasons for decrease of the luminescent intensity for the co-doped GAP:Eu,Re.

  5. Structural and luminescence properties of Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+ ions in lead germanate glasses obtained by conventional high-temperature melt-quenching technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Żur, Lidia

    2013-06-01

    The subject of this paper is the structural and luminescence properties of selected rare earth ions in lead germanate glasses. Glasses were obtained by conventional high-temperature melt-quenching technique. Europium, dysprosium and terbium ions were chosen as active dopants. The spectroscopic parameters for Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+ ions were determined based on excitation and emission measurements as well as luminescence decay analysis. Especially, the luminescence intensity ratios R/O (Eu3+), Y/B (Dy3+) and G/B (Tb3+) were calculated. Luminescence lifetimes for 5D0 state of Eu3+ ions, 4F9/2 state of Dy3+ ions and 5D4 state of Tb3+ ions were also determined. The amorphous nature and local structure of the studied lead germanate glass systems was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy.

  6. Dating human occupation at Toca do Serrote das Moendas, São Raimundo Nonato, Piauí-Brasil by electron spin resonance and optically stimulated luminescence.

    PubMed

    Kinoshita, Angela; Skinner, Anne R; Guidon, Niede; Ignacio, Elaine; Felice, Gisele Daltrini; Buco, Cristiane de A; Tatumi, Sonia; Yee, Márcio; Figueiredo, Ana Maria Graciano; Baffa, Oswaldo

    2014-12-01

    Excavation of Toca do Serrote das Moendas, in Piauí state, Brazil revealed a great quantity of fossil wild fauna associated with human remains. In particular, fossils of a cervid (Blastocerus dichotomus) were found, an animal frequently pictured in ancient rock wall paintings. In a well-defined stratum, two loose teeth of this species were found in close proximity to human bones. The teeth were independently dated by electron spin resonance (ESR) in two laboratories. The ages obtained for the teeth were 29 ± 3 ka (thousands of years) and 24 ± 1 ka. The concretion layer capping this stratum was dated by optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of the quartz grains to 21 ± 3 ka. As these values were derived independently in three different laboratories, using different methods and equipment, these results are compelling evidence of early habitation in this area.

  7. Structures and luminescent properties of new uranyl-based hybrid materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Severance, Rachel C.; Vaughn, Shae Anne; Smith, Mark D.; zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    2011-06-01

    Six uranyl coordination compounds, UO 2(OH)(PYCA) ( 1), UO 2(PYCA) 2(H 2O)·2H 2O ( 2), UO 2(PIC) 2 ( 3), UO 2(H 2O) 2(NIC) 2 ( 4), UO 2(OH)(HINIC)(INIC) ( 5), and UO 2(PYTAC) 2(H 2O) 2 ( 6) were grown as single crystals via hydrothermal synthesis (PYCA = pyrazine-2-carboxylate, PIC = picolinate, NIC = nicotinate, INIC = isonicotinate, and PYTAC = 2-(pyridin-4-yl)thiazole-5-carboxylate) to study their optical properties. All six compounds have been identified via single crystal X-ray diffraction and fully characterized via powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and fluorescence spectroscopy. Three of the complexes, 1, 3, and 6, represent new structures, and their synthesis and structural characterization is detailed within. The structures of 2, 4, and 5 have previously been reported in the literature. Coordination polymer 1 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pca21 ( a = 13.5476(5) Å, b = 6.6047(2) Å, c = 8.3458(3) Å), and forms infinite 1-D chains of corner-sharing uranium polyhedra connected into 2-D layers by bridging ligands. Coordination polymer 3 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group Cc ( a = 8.4646(8) Å, b = 13.0357(11) Å, c = 11.8955(10) Å, β = 96.815(2)°), and forms ligand-bridged 1-D chains. Complex 6 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1 ( a = 5.6272(7) Å, b = 8.9568(10) Å, c = 10.4673(12) Å, α = 90.508(2)°, β = 104.194(2)°, γ = 91.891(2)°), and consists of isolated uranyl complexes connected via hydrogen bonds. The structures and luminescent properties of UO 2(OH)(PYCA) ( 1), UO 2(PYCA) 2(H 2O)·2H 2O ( 2), UO 2(PIC) 2 ( 3), UO 2(H 2O) 2(NIC) 2 ( 4), UO 2(OH)(HINIC)(INIC) ( 5), and UO 2(PYTAC) 2(H 2O) 2 ( 6) are discussed.

  8. New ages for Middle and Later Stone Age deposits at Mumba rockshelter, Tanzania: optically stimulated luminescence dating of quartz and feldspar grains.

    PubMed

    Gliganic, Luke A; Jacobs, Zenobia; Roberts, Richard G; Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel; Mabulla, Audax Z P

    2012-04-01

    The archaeological deposits at Mumba rockshelter, northern Tanzania, have been excavated for more than 70 years, starting with Margit and Ludwig Köhl-Larsen in the 1930s. The assemblages of Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Later Stone Age (LSA) artefacts collected from this site constitute the type sequences for these cultural phases in East Africa. Despite its archaeological importance, however, the chronology of the site is poorly constrained, despite the application since the 1980s of several dating methods (radiocarbon, uranium-series and amino acid racemisation) to a variety of materials recovered from the deposits. Here, we review these previous chronologies for Mumba and report new ages obtained from optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) measurements on single grains of quartz and multi-grain aliquots of potassium (K) feldspar from the MSA and LSA deposits. Measurements of single grains of quartz allowed the rejection of unrepresentative grains and the application of appropriate statistical models to obtain the most reliable age estimates, while measurements of K-feldspars allowed the chronology to be extended to older deposits. The seven quartz ages and four K-feldspar ages provide improved temporal constraints on the archaeological sequence at Mumba. The deposits associated with the latest Kisele Industry (Bed VI-A) and the earliest Mumba Industry (Bed V) are dated to 63.4 ± 5.7 and 56.9 ± 4.8 ka (thousands of years ago), respectively, thus constraining the time of transition between these two archaeological phases to ~60 ka. An age of 49.1 ± 4.3 ka has been obtained for the latest deposits associated with the Mumba Industry, which show no evidence for post-depositional mixing and contain ostrich eggshell (OES) beads and abundant microlithics. The Nasera Industry deposits (Bed III) contain large quantities of OES beads and date to 36.8 ± 3.4 ka. We compare the luminescence ages with the previous chronologies for

  9. Effect of microwave treatment on the luminescence properties of CdS and CdTe:Cl Single Crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Red’ko, R. A. Budzulyak, S. I.; Korbutyak, D. V.; Lotsko, A. P.; Vakhnyak, N. D.; Demchyna, L. A.; Kalytchuk, S. M.; Konakova, R. V.; Milenin, V. V.; Bykov, Yu. V. Egorov, S. V.; Eremeev, A. G.

    2015-07-15

    The effect of microwave radiation on the luminescence properties of CdS and CdTe:Cl single crystals is studied. It is established that the exposure of these semiconductors to short-term (≤30 s) microwave radiation substantially modifies their impurity and defect structure. The mechanisms of transformation of the defect subsystem of II–VI single crystals upon microwave treatment are discussed. It is shown that the experimentally observed changes are defined by the nonthermal effects of microwave radiation at a power density of 7.5 W cm{sup –2}; at 90 W cm{sup –2}, nonthermal effects are prevailing.

  10. The change of the spectral-luminescent properties of coumarin-7 and coumarin-30 upon protonation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nikolaeva, M. V.; Puzyk, M. V.

    2017-04-01

    The influence of perchloric acid on the spectral-luminescent characteristics of coumarin-7 and coumarin-30 in acetonitrile and ethanol is studied. A probable mechanism and methods of controlling the protonation of nitrogen atoms of the phenylimidazole fragment are discussed.

  11. Electronic and Optical Properties of Luminescent Centers in Halides and Oxides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Du, Mao-Hua

    2014-03-01

    Luminescent materials, such as phosphors and scintillators, are widely used for fluorescent lighting, laser, medical imaging, nuclear material detection, etc. . The luminescence is usually activated by impurities (or activators), which act as luminescence centers. The activators are typically multi-valent ions that insert multiple electronic states in the band gap of the host material. In this talk, first-principles calculations of electronic structure and optical transitions are shown for a wide range of activators, including rare-earth ions (e.g., Ce3+, Eu2+) , ns2 ions (the ions that have outer electronic configurations of ns2, such as Tl+, Pb2+, Bi3+) , and transition-metal ions (e.g., Mn4+) , in a large number of halides and oxides. The results reveal how the activator-ligand hybridization affects the emission energy and the luminescence mechanism. New phosphors and scintillators are proposed based on the chemical trends emerging from the calculations of a large number of materials.

  12. Optical properties of tris(cyclopentadienyl)gadolinium. Luminescence from an interligand triplet under ambient conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strasser, Andreas; Vogler, Arnd

    2003-09-01

    The organometallic compound GdCp 3 (Cp=cyclopentadienyl) in ether solution shows a green luminescence ( λmax=523 nm, φ=0.2). It is suggested that this emission originates from a triplet of the Cp 33- moiety.

  13. Preparation and spectroscopic properties of multiluminophore luminescent oxygen and temperature sensor films.

    PubMed

    Köse, Muhammet Erkan; Carroll, Bruce F; Schanze, Kirk S

    2005-09-27

    A new luminescent oxygen and temperature sensor has been developed that utilizes two luminescent dyes, 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin platinum(II) (PtTFPP, the oxygen sensor) and tris(1,10-phenanthroline)ruthenium(II) dichloride (Ruphen, the temperature sensor). The two dyes are dispersed in an oxygen-permeable polymer binder consisting of a copolymer of 4-tert-butylstyrene (tBS) and 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate (p-tBS-co-TFEM). To alleviate energy transfer and other quenching interactions between the two luminescent dyes in the p-tBS-co-TFEM binder, the Ruphen temperature sensor is encapsulated in polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer nanospheres that are prepared by coprecipitation of PAN and Ruphen from N,N-dimethylformamide solution. The temperature and air-pressure response of the emission from the sensor film is fully characterized by using emission spectroscopy. The emission from the two luminescent dyes is spectrally well-separated. The intensity of the Ruphen emission varies strongly with temperature (approximately 1.4% degrees C(-1)), whereas the intensity of the PtTFPP emission varies with temperature and air pressure. The two-dye luminescent coating is useful as a pressure-sensitive paint (PSP), where the emission from the Ruphen temperature sensor is used to correct for the temperature dependence of the pressure response of the PtTFPP sensor. To demonstrate the PSP application, a coupon coated with the sensor was imaged using a CCD camera, and the CCD images were analyzed by intensity ratio methods. Spectroscopic studies were also carried out on a sensor that contains three dyes in order to demonstrate the feasibility of including an intensity reference dye along with the temperature and pressure dyes into the sensor.

  14. Synthesis of in-situ luminescent ZnS nanoparticles facile with CTAB micelles and their properties study

    SciTech Connect

    Shukla, Vaishali; Singh, Man

    2016-04-13

    Currently, the development of micelles route is thrust area of research in nanoscience for the control particle size and remarkable properties through chemical co-precipitation method. A 0.9 mM aqueous CTAB micellar solution plays a role as capping agent in the homogeneous solution of 0.5 M ZnSO{sub 4} and 0.5 M Na{sub 2}S for synthesis, further precipitates purified with centrifugation in cold ethanol and millipore water to remove unreacted reagents and ionic salt particles. A resultant, white colored luminescent ZnS nanoparticle out with ∼95% yield is reported. The ZnS nanoparticles have been examined by their luminescence properties, optical properties and crystal structure. The mean particle size of ZnS nanoparticles is found to be ∼10 nm in various technical results and UV-absorption was 80 nm blue shifts moved from 345 nm (bulk material) to 265 nm, showing a quantum size impact. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern shows the immaculate cubic phase. Photoluminescence (PL) investigates the recombination mechanism with blue emission from shallow electron traps at 490 nm in ZnS nanoparticles. An FTIR spectrum and Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) gives confirmation of CTAB – cationic surfactant on surface of ZnS nanoparticle as capping agent as well thermal stability of CTAB capped ZnS nanoparticles with respect to temperature.

  15. Microwave solid state synthesis and luminescence properties of green-emitting Gd2O2S:Tb3+ phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Can; Xia, Zhiguo; Liu, Quanlin

    2015-04-01

    Gd2-xO2S:xTb3+ phosphors were prepared by the microwave solid state method, and its phase formation and morphologies were studied by the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques. The photoluminescence (PL) properties, cathodoluminescence (CL) properties and PL thermal stability of the samples were investigated, which indicated that better luminescence properties can be obtained via the microwave method compared to the conventional high temperature solid-state method. The composition-optimized Gd1.85O2S:15%Tb3+ exhibited strong green emission peaking at 546 nm upon excitation at 254 nm with the CIE coordinates of (0.238, 0.382). Different electric voltage and current dependent CL spectra investigations of Gd1.85O2S:15%Tb3+ phosphor shows similar green spectral profile as PL emission and it also demonstrates the good luminescence stability suggesting its potential application as green emission component in cathode ray tube (CRT).

  16. Method of measuring luminescence of a material

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Steven D.

    2015-12-15

    A method of measuring luminescence of a material is disclosed. The method includes applying a light source to excite an exposed material. The method also includes amplifying an emission signal of the material. The method further includes measuring a luminescent emission at a fixed time window of about 10 picoseconds to about 10 nanoseconds. The luminescence may be radio photoluminescence (RPL) or optically stimulated luminescence (OSL).

  17. Crystal structures and luminescent properties of lanthanide nitrate coordination polymers with structurally related amide type bridging podands

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Qing; Yan, Xuhuan; Zhang, Hongrui; Liu, Weisheng; Tang, Yu; Tan, Minyu

    2011-01-15

    A one-dimensional linear chain coordination polymer [ErL{sup I}(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(CH{sub 3}CO{sub 2}Et)]{sub n} (L{sup I}=1,2-bis{l_brace}[(2'-furfurylaminoformyl)phenoxyl]methyl{r_brace}benzene) and a one-dimensional zig-zag coordination polymer {l_brace}[TbL{sup II}(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O)].(H{sub 2}O){r_brace}{sub n} (L{sup II}=1,2-bis{l_brace}[2'-(2-pyridylmethylaminoformyl)phenoxyl]methyl{r_brace}benzene) were assembled by two structurally related bridging podands L{sup I} and L{sup II} which have uniform skeleton and different terminal groups. In {l_brace}[TbL{sup II}(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}(H{sub 2}O)].(H{sub 2}O){r_brace}{sub n}, the neutral chains were linked by the hydrogen bonding interactions between the free and coordinated water molecules from two different directions to interpenetrate into a 3D supramolecular structure. At the same time, the luminescent properties of the solid Tb(III) nitrate complexes of these podands were investigated at room temperature. The lowest triplet state energy levels T{sub 1} of the podands L{sup I} and L{sup II} indicate that the triplet state energy levels of the antennae are both above the lowest excited resonance level of {sup 5}D{sub 4} of Tb{sup 3+} ion. Thus the absorbed energy could be transferred from ligands to the central Tb{sup 3+} ions. And the influence of the hydrogen bonding on the luminescence efficiencies of the coordination polymers was also discussed. -- Graphical Abstract: Two one-dimensional lanthanide coordination polymers were assembled by two structurally related bridging podands, and the effects of the structures on luminescent properties of the solid Tb(III) nitrate complexes were investigated. Display Omitted Research highlights: > Two structurally related amide type bridging ligands were designed and synthesized. > Two one dimensional lanthanide nitrate coordination polymers were obtained. > The structure effects on luminescent properties of the terbium complexes were discussed.

  18. Effect of temperature and microstructure on the luminescent properties of europium-activated yttrium oxide thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bosze, Eric Joseph

    2003-10-01

    The luminescent properties as a function of temperature for the red-emitting phosphor (Y1-mEum)2O3 were investigated. Phosphors which are used to measure the temperature of a device have their luminescent properties change predictably with temperature. A comprehensive study of (Y0.96Eu0.04)2O3 as a thermographic phosphor has not been undertaken and the differences and similarities between powders are quantified. The luminescent intensity, breadth, fluorescent decay time and change in peak locations as a function of temperature for powders (2 to 5 micron diameter) and thin films with thicknesses less than 300 nm, were measured and are quantified in this report. The intensity, breadth, and peak position of most of the 5D0 → 7FJ transitions were found to change linearly with temperature. The changes in these parameters were found to change similarly for the films and powders, suggesting that the mechanisms that affect these parameters are the same, even though the films exhibit crystallite sizes of approximately 50 nm compared with powders. The fluorescent decay time for powders was found to exhibit a single exponential decay while films exhibited a double exponential decay, possibly due to some monoclinic phase still being present in the films. The thickness of the films were found to affect the decay time once the quenching temperature has been exceeded, with the quenching rate of the decay time decreasing as a function of thickness. An equation was developed to quantify the change in the quenching rate of the decay time in excess of the quenching temperature for films and powders. For the first time, thermalization between the 5D1 and 5D0 energy levels of Eu3+ was found to occur and an equation that quantifies the ratio of these two energy levels as a function of temperature was found to be an excellent indicator of temperature between 100 and 700°C.

  19. The influence of silver ion exchange on the formation and luminescent properties of lead sulfide molecular clusters and quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdrshin, A. N.; Lipatova, Zh. O.; Kolobkova, E. V.; Sgibnev, E. M.; Nikonorov, N. V.

    2016-12-01

    PbS molecular clusters and quantum dots are formed by heat treatment in fluorophosphate glasses of the Na2O3-P2O5-Ga2O3-AlF3-ZnO(S)-PbF2 system with different lead concentrations. PbS molecular clusters are characterized by optical absorption in the range of 300-800 nm and low quantum yields, which decrease from 8.9 to 2.7% with a semiconductor component concentration. It is shown that the parameters of formation of quantum dots luminescing in the wavelength range of 1000-1500 nm are considerably different at different semiconductor component concentrations. The influence of silver ion exchange on the formation of PbS nanoparticles is studied. Introduction of silver stimulates the growth of molecular clusters, which is seen in the absorption spectra. A possible mechanism of interaction of silver nanoparticles with PbS quantum dots is presented.

  20. Silica-modified luminescent LaPO4 :Eu@LaPO4 @SiO2 core/shell nanorods: Synthesis, structural and luminescent properties.

    PubMed

    Ansari, Anees A

    2017-08-17

    Monoclinic-type tetragonal LaPO4 :Eu (core) and LaPO4 :Eu@LaPO4 (core/shell) nanorods (NRs) were successfully prepared using a urea-based co-precipitation process under ambient conditions. An amorphous silica layer was coated around the luminescent core/shell NRs via the sol-gel process to improve their solubility and colloidal stability in aqueous and non-aqueous media. The prepared nano-products were systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction pattern, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and FTIR, UV/Vis, and photoluminescence spectroscopy to examine their phase purity, crystal phase, surface chemistry, solubility and luminescence characteristics. The length and diameter of the nano-products were in the range 80-120 nm and 10-15 nm, respectively. High solubility of the silica-modified core/shell/Si NRs was found for the aqueous medium. The luminescent core NRs exhibited characteristic excitation and emission transitions in the visible region that were greatly affected by surface growth of insulating LaPO4 and silica layers due to the multiphonon relaxation rate. Our luminescence spectral results clearly show a distinct difference in intensities for core, core/shell, and core/shell/Si NRs. Highly luminescent NRs with good solubility could be useful candidates for a variety of photonic-based biomedical applications. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. A facile synthesis approach and impact of shell formation on morphological structure and luminescent properties of aqueous dispersible NaGdF4:Yb/Er upconversion nanorods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ansari, Anees A.; Yadav, Ranvijay; Rai, S. B.

    2016-12-01

    A general facile synthesis approach was used for fabrication of highly emissive aqueous dispersible hexagonal phase upconversion luminescent NaGdF4:Yb/Er nanorods (core NRs) through metal complex decomposition process. An inert NaGdF4 and porous silica layers were grafted surrounding the surface of each and every NRs to enhance their luminescence efficiency and colloidal dispersibility in aqueous environment. Optical properties in terms of band gap energy of core, core/shell, and silica-coated core/shell/SiO2 nanorods were observed to investigate the influence of surface coating, which was gradually decreased after surface coating because of increase crystalline size after growth of inert and silica shells. The inert shell formation before silica surface grafting, upconversion luminescence intensity was greatly improved by about 20 times, owing to the effective surface passivation of the seed core and, therefore, protection of Er3+ ion in the core from the nonradiative decay caused by surface defects. Moreover, after silica coating, core/shell nanorods shows strong upconversion luminescence property similar to the hexagonal upconversion core NRs. It is expected that these NaGdF4:Yb/Er@NaGdF4@SiO2 (core/shell/SiO2) NRs including highly upconversion emissive and aqueous dispersible properties make them an ideal materials for various photonic-based potential applications such as in upconversion luminescent bioimaging, magnetic resonance imaging, and photodynamic therapy.

  2. Multifunctional MWCNTs-NaGdF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+),Eu(3+) hybrid nanocomposites with potential dual-mode luminescence, magnetism and photothermal properties.

    PubMed

    Liu, Wenjia; Liu, Guixia; Dong, Xiangting; Wang, Jinxian; Yu, Wensheng

    2015-09-21

    A novel dual-mode luminescence multifunctional hybrid nanomaterial has been successfully prepared by coating the NaGdF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+),Eu(3+) nanoparticles (NPs) on the surface of MWCNTs. The as-synthesized MWCNTs-NaGdF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+),Eu(3+) nanocomposites (NCs) can simultaneously take advantage of both magnetic and optical properties of NaGdF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+),Eu(3+) NPs and the photothermal conversion property of MWCNTs. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), UV-Vis absorption, luminescence spectroscopy and fluorescence lifetime measurements. Meanwhile, the photothermal conversion was examined under irradiation with a 980 nm laser. The results show that the MWCNTs-NaGdF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+),Eu(3+) NCs have preferably magnetic, dual-mode (up- and down-conversion) luminescence and photothermal properties. And the NCs have good biocompatibility, low toxicity and up-conversion luminescence for cell imaging. As a consequence, the dual-mode luminescence multifunctional nanomaterials have potential applications in environmental science fields and clinical fields for magnetic resonance imaging, fluorescence imaging, photothermal therapy, bioseparation and targeted drug delivery.

  3. Electrical, luminescent, and deep trap properties of Si doped n-GaN grown by pendeo epitaxy

    SciTech Connect

    Polyakov, A. Y.; Smirnov, N. B.; Yakimov, E. B.; Lee, In-Hwan; Pearton, S. J.

    2016-01-07

    Electrical and luminescent properties and deep trap spectra of Si doped GaN films grown by maskless epitaxial lateral overgrowth (MELO) are reported. The dislocation density in the wing region of the structure was 10{sup 6 }cm{sup −2}, while in the seed region it was 10{sup 8 }cm{sup −2}. The major electron traps present had activation energy of 0.56 eV and concentrations in the high 10{sup 15 }cm{sup −3} range. A comparison of diffusion length values and 0.56 eV trap concentration in MELO GaN and epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELOG) GaN showed a good correlation, suggesting these traps could be effective in carrier recombination. The doped MELO films were more uniform in their electrical properties than either ELOG films or undoped MELO films. We also discuss the differences in deep trap spectra and luminescence spectra of low-dislocation-density MELO, ELOG, and bulk n-GaN samples grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy. It is suggested that the observed differences could be caused by the differences in oxygen and carbon contamination levels.

  4. Electrical, luminescent, and deep trap properties of Si doped n-GaN grown by pendeo epitaxy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Polyakov, A. Y.; Smirnov, N. B.; Yakimov, E. B.; Lee, In-Hwan; Pearton, S. J.

    2016-01-01

    Electrical and luminescent properties and deep trap spectra of Si doped GaN films grown by maskless epitaxial lateral overgrowth (MELO) are reported. The dislocation density in the wing region of the structure was 106 cm-2, while in the seed region it was 108 cm-2. The major electron traps present had activation energy of 0.56 eV and concentrations in the high 1015 cm-3 range. A comparison of diffusion length values and 0.56 eV trap concentration in MELO GaN and epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELOG) GaN showed a good correlation, suggesting these traps could be effective in carrier recombination. The doped MELO films were more uniform in their electrical properties than either ELOG films or undoped MELO films. We also discuss the differences in deep trap spectra and luminescence spectra of low-dislocation-density MELO, ELOG, and bulk n-GaN samples grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy. It is suggested that the observed differences could be caused by the differences in oxygen and carbon contamination levels.

  5. Series d-f Heteronuclear Metal-Organic Frameworks: Color Tunability and Luminescent Probe with Switchable Properties.

    PubMed

    Feng, Xun; Feng, Yuquan; Guo, Nan; Sun, Yiling; Zhang, Tian; Ma, Lufang; Wang, Liya

    2017-02-06

    A series of five unique d-f heteronuclear luminescent metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in an entangled polyrotaxane array and the light-harvesting block homonuclear zinc compound have been isolated successfully and characterized. The series of isostructural polymers feature 3,4-connected (4.8(2))(4.8(3).9(2))(6.8.9)2(6.9(2))(8(3)) topology and high stability, exhibiting diverse void spaces. By taking advantage of the isostructural MOFs 2 and 3, the intensities of red and green emissions can be modulated by adjusting the ratios of Eu(III) and Tb(III) ions correspondingly, and white-light emission can be generated by a combination of different doped Tb(III) and Eu(III) concentrations. The Tb-Zn-based framework {[Tb3Zn6(bipy2)2(Hmimda)7 (H2O)3]·5H2O}n (3; H3mimda = 2-methyl-1-H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid and bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine) can detect trace Mg(II) ion with relatively high sensitivity and selectivity. Dehydrated MOF 3a shows a remarkable emission quenching effect through the introduction of I2 solids. Further investigation indicates that it exhibits turn on/off switchable properties for small solvent molecules or heavy-metal ions. Steady/transient-state near-IR luminescence properties for MOFs 1, 4, and 5 were investigated under visible-light excitation.

  6. Structural and luminescence properties of Y(2-x)GeMoO8:REx (RE = Eu, Tb) phosphors.

    PubMed

    Li, Naixu; Zhou, Jiancheng; Sun, Yueming

    2014-08-01

    Y(2-x)GeMoO8:REx (RE = Eu, Tb) phosphors were synthesized using a facile sol-gel method. The morphology and structure of the phosphors were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD); while their luminescent properties were investigated by photoluminescence (PL) spectrometry. Our results reveal that all of these Y(2-x)GeMoO8:REx (RE = Eu, Tb) phosphors adopted the tetragonal phase, belonging to Scheelite (CaWO4 ) structure. The obtained YGeMoO8:Eu phosphors exhibit a strong emission in the red light range which can be assigned to the (5)D0  → (7)F2 transition of Eu(3+) when it is excited at 459 nm. Under 392 and 489 nm excitation, the YGeMoO8:Tb phosphors present predominant green emission ((5)D4  → (7)F5) at 540 nm. The highest emission of the phosphors can be achieved by adjusting the doping concentration to be 0.25 for Eu(3+) and 0.15 for Tb(3+), respectively. The promising luminescence properties of these materials indicate that they can be potentially applied to white-light-emitting diodes. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  7. Luminescence properties and compositions of contaminating inorganic minerals separated from gamma-irradiated fresh and white ginsengs from different areas

    PubMed Central

    Ahn, Jae-Jun; Akram, Kashif; Jeong, Mi-Seon; Kwak, Ji-Young; Park, Eun-Joo; Kwon, Joong-Ho

    2013-01-01

    Gamma-irradiation (0-7 kGy) of ginseng is permitted in Korea for the purpose of microbial decontamination; with strict labeling, traceability and monitoring requirements. An identification study was conducted to determine the photostimulated-luminescence (PSL) and thermoluminescence (TL) properties of gamma-irradiated fresh and white ginsengs cultivated in different areas. Dosedependent PSL-based screening was possible for white ginseng samples; however, inappropriate results from non-irradiated fresh ginseng samples were obtained, showing intermediate (700 to 5,000) or positive (T2 >5,000, irradiated) PSL counts due to the abundance of minerals on the surfaces of the samples. TL analysis of separated minerals from all non-irradiated samples gave TL glow curves of low intensity with a maximum peak after 300℃. However, well-defined irradiation-specific (high intensity with a maximum peak at about 200℃) glow curves were observed for all the irradiated samples, regardless of their type and origins. TL ratios (first glow curve /second glow curve) were also determined to confirm the irradiated (>0.1) and non-irradiated (<0.1) results. SEM-EDX (scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray) and XRD (X-ray diffraction) spectroscopic analyses showed that feldspar and quartz minerals were the main source for the typical radiation-specific luminescence properties. PMID:24235863

  8. Microstructural properties of Eu-doped GaN luminescent powders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Contreras, O.; Srinivasan, S.; Ponce, F. A.; Hirata, G. A.; Ramos, F.; McKittrick, J.

    2002-09-01

    GaN powders doped with europium have been prepared using Eu and Ga nitrates and N2H4 as reactants. The resulting particles have dimensions ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 mum. The crystalline structure was studied by transmission electron microscopy, and it consisted of single crystals with a hexagonal (wurtzite) structure containing small cubic domains (zinc blende) and a high density of stacking faults, all aligned along the 0001 and <111> directions, respectively. Cathodoluminescence measurements show strong light emission in the red region. This luminescence corresponds to transitions of Eu with the strongest emission in the 611 nm line, which is associated to the Eu3+ 4f transition from 5D0 to 7F2. These results demonstrate the feasibility of GaN:RE powders for luminescent applications.

  9. Investigation of luminescent properties of LaF3:Nd3+ nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wyrwas, Marek; Miluski, Piotr; Zmojda, Jacek; Kochanowicz, Marcin; Jelen, Piotr; Sitarz, Maciej; Dorosz, Dominik

    2015-09-01

    Lanthanum fluoride nanoparticles doped with Nd3+ ions obtained via solvothermal method have been presented. Doped nanoparticles were prepared in two-step method. Firstly rare-earth chlorides were synthesized from oxides and then they were used to prepare LaF3 particles. The luminescence spectra shows typical for crystalline materials Stark splitting at 880 nm corresponding 4F3/2 to 4I9/2 level transition and 1060 nm matching 4F3/2 to 4I11/2 level transition. The highest luminescence intensity was achieved for sample doped with 0.75% wt. of Nd3+, and the longest decay time for sample doped with 0.5% wt. which reached 328 μs. The XRD pattern analysis confirmed that obtained material consists of crystalline LaF3, the grain size was estimated from Sherrer's formula and equaled about 25nm.

  10. Synthesis and luminescence properties of colloidal YVO{sub 4}:Eu phosphors

    SciTech Connect

    Huignard, A.; Gacoin, T.; Boilot, J.P.

    2000-04-01

    Concentrated colloidal solutions of well-dispersed YVO{sub 4}:Eu nanoparticles are synthesized by precipitation reactions at room temperature and stabilized by sodium hexametaphosphate. X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy characterizations show that the crystalline nanoparticles exhibit an ellipsoidal form with two characteristic dimensions of around 15 and 30 nm. In comparison with the bulk, a lower luminescence efficiency as well as a higher concentration quenching are observed. These deviations are explained as the variations of some characteristics of the colloidal samples, such as the crystallinity and the surface chemistry. When these parameters are optimized, the quantum yield of the luminescence reaches 38% for the nanoparticles containing a europium concentration of 15%.

  11. Spectral Luminescent Properties of the Glycine Molecule in a Gas Discharge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    General, A. A.; Migovich, M. I.; Kelman, V. A.; Zhmenyak, Yu. V.; Zvenigorodsky, V. V.

    2016-01-01

    We have experimentally studied the luminescence spectra of glycine powder in the plasma of a repetitively pulsed longitudinal discharge in argon-glycine and helium-glycine mixtures. We have identified the main fragments of the glycine molecule emitting in the 200-1000 nm region. The emitting molecules due to fragmentation of glycine and dissociation of the carboxyl (-COOH) and amino (-NH2) groups are nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and cyanogen molecules.

  12. Photoinduced (WO4)3--La3+ center in PbWO4: Electron spin resonance and thermally stimulated luminescence study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laguta, V. V.; Martini, M.; Meinardi, F.; Vedda, A.; Hofstaetter, A.; Meyer, B. K.; Nikl, M.; Mihóková, E.; Rosa, J.; Usuki, Y.

    2000-10-01

    The localization of electrons at W6+ sites perturbed by lanthanum in PbWO4 is studied by electron spin resonance (ESR) and thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) measurements. The (WO4)3--La3+ centers are created at the W6+ sites close to La3+ in two different ways: (i) direct trapping of electrons from the conduction band under ultraviolet or x-ray irradiation at T=60 K (ii) retrapping of electrons freed from unperturbed (WO4)3- centers after irradiation at T<40 K followed by heating up to T around 60 K. Electron transfer from La3+-perturbed to unperturbed W6+ sites stimulated by red light illumination is also observed. The proposed mechanism of electron localization at one of four equivalent tungstate ions close to La3+ is based on the pseudo-Jahn-Teller effect, which gives rise to a rhombic distortion of (WO4)3- complex. At T~95-98 K the (WO4)3--La3+ centers are thermally ionized giving rise to a TSL glow peak due to the recombination of detrapped electrons with localized holes. The emission spectrum of the TSL features one band peaking at 2.8 eV. The temperature dependence of both TSL and ESR intensity is analyzed in the frame of a general order recombination model. The thermal ionization energy of (WO4)3--La3+ centers has been calculated to be approximately 0.27 eV.

  13. Near band-gap electronics properties and luminescence mechanisms of boron nitride nanotubes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Museur, L.; Kanaev, A.

    2015-08-01

    The deep ultraviolet luminescence (hν ≥ 5 eV) of multiwall boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) is studied with time- and energy-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy. Two luminescence bands are observed at 5.35 and 5.54 eV. Both emissions undergo a large blue shift of several tens of meV with a linear slope Δ E l u m / Δ E e x c < 1 as the excitation energy Eexc increases. When E e x c ≥ 5.8 eV, the spectral band positions become fixed, which marks the transition between the excitation of donor-acceptor pairs and creation of free charge carriers. We assign the 5.35 eV band to quasi donor-acceptor pair transitions and the band at 5.54 eV to free-bound transitions. Boron and nitrogen atoms distributed along characteristic defect lines in BNNTs should be involved in the luminescence process. The presented results permit a revision of previous assignments of electronic transitions in BNNTs.

  14. Multidimensional Luminescence Measurements

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-30

    reflector in the dye laser cavity; BS, beam splitter ; PD, photodiode; M, beam steering mirrors; P, HPLC solvent 20 • ’ ’ ’ ’ , ’ , i i i . ..... i...the excitation beam , the -’ luminescence till also have an associated modulation depending on the time delay. This property is used in phase resolved...luminescence measurements. The phase resolved method uses a continuous sinusoidally modulated L ex-itation beam . Knowing the modulation frequency (f

  15. Characterisation of the luminescence properties of BAM:Eu2+ particles as a tracer for thermographic particle image velocimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fond, Benoit; Abram, Christopher; Beyrau, Frank

    2015-12-01

    Thermographic phosphor particles are seeded into the flow as tracers for simultaneous temperature and velocity measurements in fluids. Several studies using different phosphors as gas-phase tracers have been published in recent years. However, little is known about their emission characteristics when they are dispersed as individual particles in the fluid. In this paper, the luminescence properties of BAM:Eu2+ particles, a phosphor with favourable characteristics (short luminescence lifetime, blue emission spectrum, high quantum efficiency), are thoroughly investigated in the gas phase. Using a recently developed particle-counting tool, the emission intensity per particle is measured over a wide range of conditions, including for various temperatures from 300 to 920 K, in air and in pure nitrogen. The luminescence emission per particle is shown to drop with temperature, but to be insensitive to the seeding density and to the oxygen content over the tested range. Together with a spectroscopic study, and a statistical error analysis, these results are used to predict the temperature precision of the technique under various conditions for different filter combinations and to assess the current upper temperature limit of this phosphor for practical applications. Potential additional sources of uncertainty are also investigated, including cross-dependencies of the measured intensity ratio on the seeding density, excitation fluence and oxygen partial pressure in the gas phase. Only a weak dependence on the laser fluence is observed, while the measured intensity ratio is shown to be insensitive to both seeding density and the oxygen volume fraction. Finally, the saturation behaviour of the phosphorescence emission is examined, through theoretical considerations and measurements performed with different excitation schemes in an attempt to increase signal levels. In conclusion, this paper confirms that BAM:Eu2+ is a very suitable tracer for measurements in turbulent flows

  16. Fabrication and upconversion luminescence properties of YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers via monoaxial electrospinning combined with fluorination method.

    PubMed

    Li, Dan; Dong, Xiangting; Yu, Wensheng; Wang, Jinxian; Liu, Guixia

    2014-06-01

    YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers were successfully fabricated via fluorination of the relevant Y2O3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers which were obtained by calcining the electrospun PVP/[Y(NO3)3 + Er(NO3)3] composite nanofibers. The morphology and properties of the products were investigated in detail by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and fluorescence spectrometer. YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers were pure orthorhombic phase with space group Pnma and were hollow-centered structure with the mean diameter of 172 +/- 23 nm, and YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers were composed of nanoparticles with the diameter ranging from 30 nm to 50 nm. Upconversion emission spectrum analysis manifested that YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers emitted strong green and weak red upconversion emission centering at 524 nm, 543 nm and 653 nm, respectively. The green emissions and the red emission were respectively originated from 2H11/2/4S3/2 --> 4I15/2 and 4F9/2 --> 4I15/2 energy levels transitions of the Er3+ ions. Moreover, the emitting colors of YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers were located in the green region in CIE chromaticity coordinates diagram. The luminescent intensity of YF3:Er3+ hollow nanofibers was increased remarkably with the increasing doping concentration of Er3+ ions. The possible formation mechanism of YF3:Er3+ upconversion luminescence hollow nanofibers was also discussed. This preparation technique could be applied to prepare other rare earth fluoride upconversion luminescence hollow nanofibers.

  17. [The Different Phase, Morphology Controllable Synthesis and Luminescent Properties Investigation of NaYF⁴: Yb, Er].

    PubMed

    Han, Yu-ting; Xu, Jing; Qiao, Shu-liang; Yang, Bo; Li, Li; Liu, Cai-hong; Yao, Shuang; Yan, Jing-hui; Zou, Ming-qiang

    2015-12-01

    Using sodium fluoride and rare earth nitrate as raw materials and sodium citrate as surfactant, micron grade NaYF4 upconversion luminescent materials were prepared by hydrothermal method. By X-ray diffraction(XRD), scanning electron microscope(SEM) and fluorescence spectrometer, the crystal phase, morphology and luminescent characteristics of the prepared samples were investigated. The results showed that the phase of the samples could generate a transition from cubic phase to hexagonal phase by adjusting the proportion (5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11) of NaF/RE , and the X ray diffraction peaks for the cubic and hexagonal phase of samples exactly matched with those of the standard card of PDF# 77-2042 and PDF# 16-0334, respectively. The SEM photographs showed that the crystallinity of samples was high and the dispersibility was favourable, the morphology were translated from microrods to hexagonal microplates. The samples upconversion luminescent spectra showed the intensity enhancement of red and green light emission peaks with increasement of the ratio of NaF/RE3+. The green emission peaks of samples at 520 and 539 nm corresponded to the ²H¹¹/²-⁴-->I₁₅/₂ and ⁴S₃/₂-->⁴I₁₅/₂ level transition of Er³⁺ ion, and the red light emission peaks of samples at 653 nm corresponded to the ⁴F₉/₂-->⁴I₁₅/₂ levelt ransition of Er+ ion. The chromaticity coordinate diagram exhibited that the change of the luminescent color of samples could be achieved by adjusting the ratio of NaF/RE³⁺. With the increasing of NaF/RE³⁺ ratio, for the whole light-emitting colors of samples, the shift from yellow region to near red region could be realized. It can be concluded that through the relatively simple experimental procedure and lower cost materials, the change of phase and morphology, the moving of light-emitting color for sample NaYF4:Yb³⁺, Er³⁺ could be well controlled only by changing the single component (NaF) molar ratio in the raw materials

  18. Thermal History Using Microparticle Trap Luminescence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    Yukihara, L. G. Jacobsohn, M. W. Blair, and R. Muenchausen. "Feasibility ofUsing Oxyorthosilicates as Optically Stimulated Luminescence Detectors ". Radiat...L. G. Jacobsohn, R. Muenchausen. "Feasibility of using oxyorthosilicates as optically stimulated luminescence radiation detectors ." 7th...International Conference on Luminescent Detectors and Transformers of Ionizing Radiation, LUMDETR-2009, Krakow, Poland, July 12th- 17th (2009). 4. E. G

  19. Luminescence properties of 4-hydroxy-5-phenylpyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-6-one: solvatochromism and sensitivity to amine solution.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hyo-Sung; Kim, Hyun-Joon; Kang, Jun-Gill

    2011-08-01

    A detailed photophysical analysis of 4-hydroxy-5-phenylpyrido[3,2,1-jk]carbazol-6-one (HPPCO) is presented. When exposed to UV light, the compound produced deep blue to green luminescence, depending on the solvent. The luminescence peak shifts with the Gutmann donor number (DN) of the solvent and the proton substitution affects luminescence; a correlation between quantum yield and decay time indicated that proton transfer plays a key role in the observed solvatochromism. The ground-state deprotonation of HPPCO was apparently evidenced from the absorption and/or the excitation spectra in the solvents with large DN values. DFT and ZINDO calculations on the structural and optical properties have shown that deprotonation increases the contribution of oxygen atoms to the HOMO, thereby lowering the transition energy from the HOMO to the LUMO. Because the luminescence properties of HPPCO depend on proton transfer, it may be used to detect and quantitate amines in solution. The sensitivity of the luminescence to various amines was ∼10(5) M(-1) and was more effective in ethanol than in methanol.

  20. Synthesis, characterization and luminescent properties of europium complexes with 2,4,6-tris-(2-pyridyl)-s-triazine as highly efficient sensitizers.

    PubMed

    Kang, Jie; Chen, Ying-Nan; Wang, Ai-Ling; Li, Hai-Yan; Qu, Yan-Rong; Zhang, Hai-Xia; Chu, Hai-Bin; Zhao, Yong-Liang

    2015-12-01

    Using 2,4,6-tris-(2-pyridyl)-s-triazine (TPTZ) as a neutral ligand, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid, terephthalic acid and nitrate as anion ligands, five novel europium complexes have been synthesized. These complexes were characterized using elemental analysis, rare earth coordination titrations, UV/vis absorption spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy. Luminescence spectra, luminescence lifetime and quantum efficiency were investigated and the mechanism discussed in depth. The results show that the complexes have excellent emission intensities, long emission lifetimes and high quantum efficiencies. The superior luminescent properties of the complexes may be because the triplet energy level of the ligands matches well with the lowest excitation state energy level of Eu(3+). Moreover, changing the ratio of the ligands and metal ions leads to different luminescent properties. Among the complexes, Eu2(TPTZ)2(C8H4O4)(NO3)4(C2H5OH)·H2O shows the strongest luminescence intensity, longest emission lifetime and highest quantum efficiency.

  1. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy investigation of CaTiO{sub 3}:Eu for luminescence property: effect of Eu{sup 3+} ion

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Kaichen; Zhao, Baijun; Gao, Lu

    2016-06-15

    Graphical abstract: The influence on the photoluminescent performance due to the electronic structure change in Eu-doped CaTiO{sub 3} of the specific core-level and valence band spectrum via X-ray photoemission spectroscopy were characterized. - Highlights: • Single phase CaTiO{sub 3} and CaTiO{sub 3}: Eu crystals were prepared under mild hydrothermal method. • Crystal structure, doping level and the relations to their luminescent property were discussed. • Charge compensation mechanism was discussed via valance band spectrum by XPS. - Abstract: Charge compensation of on-site Eu 4f–5d transition that determines the luminescent performance was confirmed with valance band spectrum. Influence of photoelectrons from CaTiO{sub 3}: Eu to the corresponding luminescent performance was discussed based on the crystal structure, doping level and the relations to their luminescent property. This paper is important to further optimize the luminescent performance for improving the efficiency and reducing the cost in light emitting diode industry.

  2. Structure, optical and photoluminescence properties of LiGd1-xErx(WO4)2 green luminescence phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Demiaï, A.; Derbal, M.; Guerbous, L.; Rekik, B.

    2017-03-01

    Double tungstate of lithium and trivalent gadolinium ions were prepared by mean of solid state reaction, and have been studied using X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering and photoluminescence analysis. The Er3+ concentration effects on the structural and optical properties were studied. The compounds crystallize in the scheelite like structure with space group I41/a, and Z = 2. Spectroscopic and structural properties of the Er3+ ions doping elements in LiGd(WO4)2 have been determined at room temperature. Steady and time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopies of the synthesized compounds are reported. Samples exhibit intense green emission of Er3+ (4S3/2 → 4I15/2 and 2H11/2 → 4I15/2 transitions) under 377 nm excitation wavelength and present luminescent quenching around 3 at% Er3+ concentration. The decay time decrease with increasing the Er3+ concentration.

  3. Preparation and luminescent properties of lanthanide (Eu3+ and Tb3+) complexes grafted to 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane by covalent bonds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Wenjun; Wang, Haiyan

    2015-12-01

    A novel precursor PMA-Si was synthesized by modifying 1,2,4,5-benzene-tetracarboxylic acid (PMA) with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). Then the hybrids were prepared by PMA-Si coordinating to lanthanide ions (Eu3+ and Tb3+) in sol-gel process. In order to improve luminescent efficiency, 1,10-Phenanthroline (Phen) was introduced to the system as the second ligand. As-prepared compounds in sol condition were coated on quartz plates to form a layer of thin film, which was different from other similar hybrids. The properties of the hybrids were characterized by FT-IR, fluorescence spectra, TG and SEM. The results showed that the obtained materials enhanced thermal stability, mechanical resistances, waterproofness as well as machining properties.

  4. A novel cobalt (I) coordination polymer with mixed thiocyanate and quinoline ligands: crystal structure, magnetism and luminescent properties.

    PubMed

    Li, Lei; Chen, Shuai; Zhou, Rui-Min; Bai, Yan; Dang, Dong-Bin

    2014-01-01

    A new Co(I) one-dimensional coordination polymer [Co(SCN)(ql)]n (ql=quinoline) (1) has been synthesized and characterized by IR, elemental analysis, TG technique and X-ray crystallography. Co(I) atom has a distorted trigonal pyramidal N2S2 (1) environment with two S atoms and one N atom from three μ-1,1,3-thiocyanate bridge ligands and one N atom from ql ligand. Two S atoms from two μ-1,1,3-SCN- bridging ligands bridge two centers to obtain bimetallic 4-membered ring. Adjacent 4-membered rings are linked by a pair of μ-1,1,3-SCN- bridging ligands to form a 1D stair-case like chain. The luminescent properties and magnetic properties of the polymer 1 were investigated in the solid state. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Effect of partial crystallization on the structural and Er3+ luminescence properties of phosphate-based glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gestraud, C.; Glorieux, B.; Massera, J.; Petit, L.; Fargues, A.; Dussauze, M.; Cardinal, T.; Hupa, L.

    2017-02-01

    In this paper, the impact of B2O3, ZnO and TiO2 addition on the structure, Er3+ luminescence and crystallization of glasses in the Er2O3sbnd P2O5sbnd CaOsbnd SrOsbnd Na2O glass system is reported. The thermal properties of the as-prepared glasses were recorded using a DTA and the structure of the glasses prior to and after heat treatment was analyzed using Raman and IR spectroscopies. Crystallization of the glass after heat treatments was confirmed by the presence of sharp peaks in the XRD patterns. Based on the XRD pattern, two different crystalline phases are suspected to precipitate, the composition of which depends on the glass composition. From the spectroscopic properties of the glasses, the Er3+ ions are not suspected to be incorporated in the crystals.

  6. Influence of Surface Ligands on the Luminescent Properties of Cadmium Selenide Quantum Dots in a Polymethylmethacrylate Matrix

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zvaigzne, M.; Martynov, I.; Samokhvalov, P.; Mochalov, K.; Chistyakov, A.

    The photophysical properties of colloid semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) and QD-containing composites attract increasing interest. The possibility of tuning of the luminescence wavelength by varying the QD size, their broad absorption spectrum and feasibility of obtaining QD-based thin layers and composites offer great prospects for application in photonics and optoelectronics. Some emerging trends in the development of QD-based light-emitting diodes and solar cells require embedding of QDs into a polymer matrix. Although there is evidence that the photophysical characteristics of QDs in such systems depend on the type of their surface ligands, yet, there are only few studies on this subject. Here, the luminescence characteristics CdSe/ZnS/Cds/ZnS QDs coated with aliphatic or aromatic ligands, embedded in a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) matrix, have been studied. The quantum yield (QY) of the QD/PMMA composites containing QDs with aliphatic ligands has been found to be three times higher compared to those containing QDs with aromatic ligands. We assume that this effect is due to hole capture on TP aromatic π-orbital.

  7. Preparation and luminescence properties of orange-red Ba3Y(PO4)3:Sm3+ phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Qiguang; Xu, Denghui; Sun, Jiayue

    2015-04-01

    Ba3Y(PO4)3:Sm3+ phosphors were prepared by a high temperature solid-state reaction in air. X-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence spectra and temperature-dependent emission spectra were utilized to characterize the structure and luminescence properties of the as-prepared phosphor. The results show that the phosphor can be efficiently excited by ultraviolet light and emit a satisfactory orange-red performance, nicely, fitting in well with the widely used UV LED chip. Under 403 nm excitation, the 4G5/2 → 6HJ (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2, and 11/2) emissions of Sm3+ are obviously observed. The optimum doping concentration is 5 mol% and corresponding quenching behavior is ascribed to be electric dipole-dipole interaction according to Dexter's theory. The temperature dependent luminescence of Ba3Y(PO4)3:Sm3+ phosphor is also discussed, and the activation energy for thermal quenching is calculated as 0.34 eV. Furthermore, the chromaticity coordinates of Ba3Y(PO4)3:Sm3+ phosphor are calculated to be (0.5558, 0.4380) and the lifetime values of Ba3Y0.995(PO4)3:0.005Sm3+ was 2.45 ms.

  8. Synthesis and luminescence properties of double perovskite Sr2ZnMoO6:Mn4+ deep red phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Renping; Ceng, Xiangfeng; Huang, Jijun; Ao, Hui; Zheng, Guotai; Yu, Xiaoguang; Zhang, Xinqin

    2016-12-01

    A double perovskite Sr2ZnMoO6:Mn4+ (SZM:Mn4+) phosphor is synthesized by high-temperature solid-state reaction method in air. Emission band peaking at ∼705 nm of SZM:Mn4+ phosphor in the range of 650-790 nm is attributed to the 2E → 4A2 transition of Mn4+ ion with activated different lattice vibration modes. Three excitation bands in the range of 210-610 nm are assigned to the O2- → Mn4+ charge transfer and the 4A2 → (4T1, 2T2, and 4T2) transition of Mn4+ ion. The optimal Mn4+ ion concentration is ∼0.8 mol% in SZM:Mn4+ phosphor. Fluorescence lifetime of SZM:Mn4+ phosphor decreases from ∼132 μs to 108 μs with increasing Mn4+ ion concentration in the range of 0.2-1.0 mol%. Time-resolved spectra and fluorescence lifetime data indicate that luminescent center is caused by Mn4+ ion. The luminous mechanism of SZM:Mn4+ phosphor is explained by Tanabe-Sugano energy level diagram of Mn4+ ion. The results are useful to understand the influences of the neighboring coordination environment around Mn4+ and host crystal structure to the luminescence properties of Mn4+ ion and develop other novel Mn4+-doped materials.

  9. Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Up-Conversion Luminescence Properties of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs Nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giang, Lam Thi Kieu; Marciniak, Lukasz; Huy, Tran Quang; Vu, Nguyen; Le, Ngo Thi Hong; Binh, Nguyen Thanh; Lam, Tran Dai; Minh, Le Quoc

    2017-10-01

    This paper describes a facile synthesis of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+ nanoparticles embraced in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), known as NaYF4:Er3+, Yb3+@MOFs core/shell nanostructures, by using iron(III) carboxylate (MIL-100) and zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-8). Morphological, structural and optical characterization of these nanostructures were investigated by field emission-scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and up-conversion luminescence measurements. Results showed that spherical-shaped NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MIL-100 nanocomposites with diameters of 150-250 nm, and rod-shaped NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@ZIF-8 nanocomposites with lengths of 300-550 nm, were successfully synthesized. Under a 980-nm laser excitation at room temperature, the NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs nanocomposites exhibited strong up-conversion luminescence with two emission bands in the green part of spectrum at 520 nm and 540 nm corresponding to the 2H11/2 → 4I15/2 and 4S3/2 → 4I15/2 transitions of Er3+ ions, respectively, and a red emission band at 655 nm corresponding to the 4F9/2 → 4I15/2 transition of Er3+ ions. The above properties of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs make them promising candidates for applications in biotechnology.

  10. Synthesis and luminescent properties of complexes of Eu(III) with 2-thienyltrifluoroacetonate, terephthalic acid and phenanthroline

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, X. H.; Huang, K. L.; Jiao, F. P.; Liu, S. Q.; Liu, Z. G.; Hu, S. Q.

    2007-09-01

    This work reports the synthesis and luminescent properties of complexes of europium(III) with 2-thienyltrifluoroacetonate (HTTA), terephthalic acid (TPA) and phenanthroline (Phen), in the solid state. The new complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and thermal stability analysis. Both binuclear complex Eu2(TPA)(TTA)4Phen2 and polynuclear complex Eu(TPA)(TTA)Phen present better thermal stability than the mononuclear complex Eu(TTA)3Phen does. The formation of the binuclear/polynuclear structure of the complexes appears to be responsible for the enhancement of the thermal stability. The emission spectra show narrow emission bands that arise from the 5D0→7FJ (J=0 4) transition of the Eu3+ ion. The spectral data of the complexes Eu(TPA)(TTA)Phen and Eu2(TPA)(TTA)4Phen2 present only one sharp peak in the region of the 5D0→7F0 transition indicating that only one Eu3+ ion species is present in each sample. In addition, the luminescence decay curves of the complexes Eu(TPA)(TTA)Phen and Eu2(TPA)(TTA)4Phen2 fit a single-exponential decay law. The values of quantum efficiencies of the emitting 5D0 level for the complexes Eu(TPA)(TTA)Phen and Eu2(TPA)(TTA)4Phen2 are 29% and 28%, respectively.

  11. Several (4,4)- and (5,6,8)-connected lanthanide-organic frameworks: structures, luminescence and magnetic properties.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Xiao-Qing; Liu, Xu-Hui; Zhao, Bin

    2013-10-01

    A series of lanthanide-based organic frameworks with formulas of {[PrL(H2O)2]·2H2O}n () and {[Ln3L3(H2O)2]·2H2O}n (Ln = Eu (), Gd (), Tb (), Dy (), Ho (), Er (); H3L = 4-(carboxymethoxy)isophthalic acid), were hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. It is the first time that 4-(carboxymethoxy)isophthalic acid is employed in producing lanthanide compounds. The seven compounds exhibit two types of structures with the decreasing radius of the lanthanide ions, representing the lanthanide contraction effect. Compound with the large Pr(3+) ion displays a 2D layered structure with a binodal (4,4)-connected topology with the Schläfli symbol of (3(3)6(3))2, whereas compounds with small Ln(3+) ions feature a 3D framework constructed from carboxyl groups with a (5,6,8)-connected topology with the Schläfli symbol of (3(2)4(4)5(4))·(3(4)4(4)5(4)6(3))·(3(4)4(8)5(6)6(9)8). The luminescence and magnetic properties were investigated, and the results indicate that the H3L ligand can sensitize the lanthanide luminescence in compounds , and and makes a contribution to the antiferromagnetic interactions in compound or the uncertain magnetic interactions in compounds . Additionally, the thermal analyses suggest the high thermal stability of compounds .

  12. Structures, luminescent and magnetic properties of a series of (3,6)-connected lanthanide-organic frameworks.

    PubMed

    Hou, Yin-Ling; Cheng, Rui-Rui; Xiong, Gang; Cui, Jian-Zhong; Zhao, Bin

    2014-01-28

    Through hydrothermal reactions with corresponding lanthanide nitrates and 4-(4-carboxyphenylsulfonyloxy)-3-metnoxybenzoic acid (H2vspc), seven novel three-dimensional (3D) lanthanide-organic frameworks ([Ln(vspc)(Hvspc)(H2O)]n [Ln = Pr (1), Eu (2), Gd (3), Tb (4), Dy (5), Ho (6) and Er (7)]) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. All of them are isostructural and crystallize in the monoclinic crystal system, P21/c space group. Their structures feature a (3,6)-connected topological network, in which Ln(3+) were connected by carboxylate groups to give a 1D lanthanide chain, and the adjacent chains are further spanned by vspc(2-) and Hvspc(-) anions to form a 3D framework. The luminescent properties and lifetimes of 2 (Eu(III)), 4 (Tb(III)), and 5 (Dy(III)) have been studied, and the corresponding luminescent lifetimes are 0.53, 0.99 and 0.014 ms, respectively. The magnetic investigations reveal that compound displays weak antiferromagnet interaction, 4 and 5 exhibit ferromagnetic coupling, and compound 5 exhibits slow magnetic relaxation behavior.

  13. Luminescence properties and color identification of Eu doped Ca3(PO4)2 phosphors calcined in air

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tong, Chao; Zhu, Yangguang; Xu, Chuanyan; Yang, Lei; Li, Yadong

    2017-09-01

    The Ca3(PO4)2:Eu (TCP) phosphor was synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction in air atmosphere. X-ray powder diffraction(XRD) analysis indicates that the α-TCP↔β-TCP phase transition takes place under different calcination and cooling conditions. The luminescence properties of the two different phases of TCP were discussed according to the luminescence spectra during the heating and cooling transition. The CIE chromaticity coordinates of β-TCP phase located at the red region, α-TCP phase at bluish-green region because of the coexistence of Eu2+ and Eu3+ ions. The color-tunable emission of the products could also be directly observed under UV lamp. Pure red and bluish-green-emitting particles were observed respectively for the pure β-TCP phase and α-TCP phase samples whereas bluish-green and red mixture emitting particles were traced for the α-TCP /β-TCP phase co-existence samples. Therefore, results of this study suggested that Eu ion could be used as a spectroscopic probe to qualitatively identify the crystalline phase of TCP by a simple and convenient way to observe the color-tunable emission of the samples when irradiating it under 365 nm UV lamp.

  14. Gas sorption and luminescence properties of a terbium(III)-phosphine oxide coordination material with two-dimensional pore topology.

    PubMed

    Ibarra, Ilich A; Hesterberg, Travis W; Holliday, Bradley J; Lynch, Vincent M; Humphrey, Simon M

    2012-07-14

    The structure, stability, gas sorption properties and luminescence behaviour of a new lanthanide-phosphine oxide coordination material are reported. The polymer PCM-15 is based on Tb(III) and tris(p-carboxylated) triphenylphosphine oxide and has a 5,5-connected net topology. It exhibits an infinite three-dimensional structure that incorporates an open, two-dimensional pore structure. The material is thermally robust and remains crystalline under high vacuum at 150 °C. When desolvated, the solid has a CO(2) BET surface area of 1187 m(2) g(-1) and shows the highest reported uptake of both O(2) and H(2) at 77 K and 1 bar for a lanthanide-based coordination polymer. Isolated Tb(III) centres in the as-synthesized polymer exhibit moderate photoluminescence. However, upon removal of coordinated OH(2) ligands, the luminescence intensity was found to approximately double; this process was reversible. Thus, the Tb(III) centre was used as a probe to detect directly the desolvation and resolvation of the polymer.

  15. Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Up-Conversion Luminescence Properties of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs Nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giang, Lam Thi Kieu; Marciniak, Lukasz; Huy, Tran Quang; Vu, Nguyen; Le, Ngo Thi Hong; Binh, Nguyen Thanh; Lam, Tran Dai; Minh, Le Quoc

    2017-05-01

    This paper describes a facile synthesis of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+ nanoparticles embraced in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), known as NaYF4:Er3+, Yb3+@MOFs core/shell nanostructures, by using iron(III) carboxylate (MIL-100) and zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-8). Morphological, structural and optical characterization of these nanostructures were investigated by field emission-scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and up-conversion luminescence measurements. Results showed that spherical-shaped NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MIL-100 nanocomposites with diameters of 150-250 nm, and rod-shaped NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@ZIF-8 nanocomposites with lengths of 300-550 nm, were successfully synthesized. Under a 980-nm laser excitation at room temperature, the NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs nanocomposites exhibited strong up-conversion luminescence with two emission bands in the green part of spectrum at 520 nm and 540 nm corresponding to the 2H11/2 → 4I15/2 and 4S3/2 → 4I15/2 transitions of Er3+ ions, respectively, and a red emission band at 655 nm corresponding to the 4F9/2 → 4I15/2 transition of Er3+ ions. The above properties of NaYF4:Er3+,Yb3+@MOFs make them promising candidates for applications in biotechnology.

  16. Synthesis and luminescence properties of MgO: Sm3+ phosphor for white light-emitting diodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiran, Nallamala; Baker, A. P.; Wang, Gui-Gen

    2017-02-01

    MgO: xSm3+ (0.02 ≤ x ≤ 0.08) red phosphors are prepared by low temperature solution combustion method. The MgO: XSm3+ phosphor characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), FT-IR, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), luminescence and decay time measurements. The results of XRD and FE-SEM show that resultant samples are single phase. The vibration properties MgO phosphor was studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The luminescence spectra exhibits four emission bands at 566, 603, 651 and 708 nm corresponding to the various transition from 4G5/2 ground state to lower lying levels 6H5/2, 6H7/2, 6H9/2 and 6H11/2 states, with an excitation wavelength at 404 nm. The chromaticity coordinates have been estimated from the emission spectra and the suitability of title phosphor for white light applications. The lifetime corresponding to the 4G5/2 level of the title phosphor has been found to decrease with the increase in Sm3+ ion concentration.

  17. Molten-salt synthesis and composition-dependent luminescent properties of barium tungsto-molybdate-based solid solution phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiang-Hong, He; Zhao-Lian, Ye; Ming-Yun, Guan; Ning, Lian; Jian-Hua, Sun

    2016-02-01

    Pr3+-activated barium tungsto-molybdate solid solution phosphor Ba(Mo1-zWz)O4:Pr3+ is successfully fabricated via a facile molten-salt approach. The as-synthesized microcrystal is of truncated octahedron and exhibits deep-red-emitting upon blue light excitation. Powder x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy techniques are utilized to investigate the formation of solid solution phosphor. The luminescence behaviors depend on the resulting composition of the microcrystals with fixed Pr3+-doping concentration, while the host lattices remain in a scheelite structure. The forming solid solution via the substitution of [WO4] for [MoO4] can significantly enhance its luminescence, which may be due to the fact that Ba(Mo1-zWz)O4:Pr3+ owns well-defined facets and uniform morphologies. Owing to its properties of high phase purity, well-defined facets, highly uniform morphologies, exceptional chemical and thermal stabilities, and stronger emission intensity, the resulting solid solution phosphor is expected to find potential applications in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Project supported by the Construction Fund for Science and Technology Innovation Group from Jiangsu University of Technology, China, the Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, China (Grant No. KHK1409), the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, China, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21373103).

  18. Synthesis and luminescence properties of novel Ce3+ doped BaZrSi3O9 phosphors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Shiqi; Liang, Yujun; Zhu, Yingli; Wu, Xingya; Xu, Rui; Tong, Miaohui; Li, Kai

    2016-10-01

    The novel phosphors BaZrSi3O9:Ce3+(BZS:Ce3+) have been successfully synthesized by the conventional solid-state reaction. The phase purity and crystal structure were obtained by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements and Rietveld refinement. The photoluminescence spectroscopy revealed that the as-prepared phosphors exhibited a bright blue emission under the excitation by near ultraviolet light and the PL emission peaks of BZS:xCe3+ showed a red-shift from 432 nm to 451 nm on the Ce3+ concentration increasing. The corresponding red-shift mechanism has been discussed. The concentration quenching behavior was observed. The luminescence decay curves and lifetime values were analyzed. This phosphor exhibited high internal quantum efficiency. Thermal quenching luminescence properties showed that the emitting intensity was remained 44.60% of that measured at room temperature when the temperature increased to 398 K. The results indicate that the BaZrSi3O9:Ce phosphor is a promising blue-emitting phosphor for the application as an ultraviolet-convertible phosphor.

  19. Relative Study of Luminescent Properties with Judd-Ofelt Characterization in Trivalent Europium Complexes Comprising ethyl-(4-fluorobenzoyl) Acetate.

    PubMed

    Devi, Rekha; Chahar, Sangeeta; Khatkar, S P; Taxak, V B; Boora, Priti

    2017-03-13

    Five new europium(III) complexes Eu(p-EFBA)3.(H2O)2 (C1), Eu(p-EFBA)3.neo (C2), Eu(p-EFBA)3.batho (C3), Eu(p-EFBA)3.phen (C4), Eu(p-EFBA)3.bipy (C5) have been synthesized by using ethyl-(4-fluorobenzoyl) acetate (p-EFBA) as β-ketoester ligand and neocuproine (neo), bathophenanthroline (batho), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and 2,2-bipyridyl (bipy) as ancillary ligands. The synthesized complexes C1-C5 were characterized by elemental analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-NMR), infrared (IR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG), UV-visible and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The relative study of luminescence spectra of complexes with the previously reported complexes of isomeric ligand (ortho and meta substituted ligand) indicate the higher luminescence properties of complexes as an effect of fluorine position on β-ketoester ligand. The para substituted ligand shows a remarkable effect on quantum efficiencies and Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (Ω2, Ω4) of the complexes. The higher value of intensity parameter Ω2 associated with hypersensitive (5)D0 → (7)F2 transition of europium(III) ion revealing highly polarizable ligand field. The purposed energy transfer mechanism of complexes indicates the efficient energy transfer in complexes.

  20. Tuning the Luminescent Properties of a Ag/Au Tetranuclear Complex Featuring Metallophilic Interactions via Solvent-Dependent Structural Isomerization.

    PubMed

    Donamaría, Rocío; Gimeno, M Concepción; Lippolis, Vito; López-de-Luzuriaga, José M; Monge, Miguel; Olmos, M Elena

    2016-11-07

    In this paper the reaction products of the basic gold(I) species [Au(C6Cl5)2](-) against the acid salt Ag(OClO3) in the presence of the S-donor macrocyclic ligand 1,4,7-trithiacyclononane ([9]aneS3) are studied in different solvents. Two different isomers of stoichiometry [{Au(C6Cl5)2}Ag([9]aneS3)]2 were isolated depending on the solvent used, dichloromethane or tetrahydrofuran, which show different luminescence in the solid state. X-ray diffraction studies of these compounds reveals that both show the same heteropolynuclear Ag···Au···Au···Ag system but with different Au···Au interaction distances and different relative positions of the cationic fragment [Ag([9]aneS3)](+) in the structure with respect the bimetallic Au···Au core. This work includes a study of the optical properties of both isomers, as well as time-dependent density functional theory calculations that were performed to determine the origin of their different luminescence.

  1. Luminescence properties of core-shell structured SiO2@CaMoO4:Eu3+ phosphor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ju, Xiaoxia; Li, Xueming; Yang, Yuling; Li, Wulin; Tao, Chuanyi; Feng, Wenlin

    2012-03-01

    Uniform SiO2@CaMoO4:Eu3+ red phosphor has been synthesized by sol-gel method, and its luminescence properties have been studied by fluorescence spectrometer. The structure and morphology of the SiO2@CaMoO4:Eu3+ red phosphor have been investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and FT-IR spectrometer. Results indicate that phosphor particles have a core-shell structure and the thickness of the SiO2-shell is about 60 nm. In addition, the luminescent intensity of SiO2@CaMoO4:Eu3+ red phosphor has been greatly enhanced with respect to CaMoO4:Eu3+ phosphor. But the lifetime τ value of SiO2-coated CaMoO4:Eu3+ is slightly smaller than that of non-coated CaMoO4:Eu3+.

  2. Luminescence nanothermometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaque, Daniel; Vetrone, Fiorenzo

    2012-07-01

    The current status of luminescence nanothermometry is reviewed in detail. Based on the main parameters of luminescence including intensity, bandwidth, bandshape, polarization, spectral shift and lifetime, we initially describe and compare the different classes of luminescence nanothermometry. Subsequently, the various luminescent materials used in each case are discussed and the mechanisms at the root of the luminescence thermal sensitivity are described. The most important results obtained in each case are summarized and the advantages and disadvantages of these approaches are discussed.The current status of luminescence nanothermometry is reviewed in detail. Based on the main parameters of luminescence including intensity, bandwidth, bandshape, polarization, spectral shift and lifetime, we initially describe and compare the different classes of luminescence nanothermometry. Subsequently, the various luminescent materials used in each case are discussed and the mechanisms at the root of the luminescence thermal sensitivity are described. The most important results obtained in each case are summarized and the advantages and disadvantages of these approaches are discussed. This work was supported by the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid (Project S2009/MAT-1756), by the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia (MAT2010-16161) and by Caja Madrid Foundation.

  3. Synthesis and stimulated luminescence property of Zn(BO2)2:Tb(3).

    PubMed

    Del Rosario, G Cedillo; Cruz-Zaragoza, E; Hipólito, M García; Marcazzó, J; Hernández A, J M; Murrieta S, H

    2017-09-01

    Zinc borate, Zn(BO2)2, doped with different concentrations of terbium (0.5-8mol%) was synthesized and polycrystalline samples were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Diffraction. The Zn(BO2)2 was formed in the pure samples sintered at 750 and 800°C which has the body centered cubic structure, and a ZnB4O7 primitive orthorhombic phase was present. The thermoluminescent intensity was dependents on the thermal treatment (250-500°C) and also on the impurity concentration. The linear dose-response was obtained between 0.022-27.7Gy and 0.5-50Gy when the samples were exposed to beta and gamma radiation, respectively. The complex structure of the glow curves was analyzed by the Computerized Glow Curve Deconvolution method. The kinetics parameters were calculated assuming the general order kinetics model describing accurately the TL process. The glow curves of Tb(3+)-doped zinc borate phosphor were well deconvolved by six glow peaks. Zinc borate with 8mol% of impurity concentration exhibited an intense radioluminescent emission. The radioluminescent spectra show their maximum bands at 370, 490, 545 and 700nm related to the terbium ion in the zinc borate. These obtained results suggest that the terbium doped zinc borate is a promising phosphor for use in radiation dosimetry because of its high TL sensitivity to the ionizing radiation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Investigation of luminescence and spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ions in cadmium alkali borate glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohan, Shaweta; Thind, Kulwant Singh

    2016-07-01

    Neodymium doped cadmium alkali borate glasses having composition 20CdOsbnd 20R2Osbnd 59.5H3BO3sbnd 0.5Nd2O3; (R = Li, Na and K) were prepared by conventional melt-quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the glasses was confirmed by X-ray diffraction studies. The physical properties such as density, refractive index, molar volume, rare earth ion concentration etc. were determined. Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra were recorded. The Judd-Ofelt theory was applied on the optical absorption spectra of the glasses to evaluate the three phenomenological intensity parameters Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6. These parameters were in turn used to predict the radiative properties such as the radiative transition probability (A), radiative lifetime (τR) and branching ratio (βR) for the fluorescent levels of Nd3+ ion in the present glass series. The lasing efficiency of the prepared glasses has been characterized by the spectroscopic quality factor (Ω4/Ω6), the value of which is in the range of 0.2-1.5, typical for Nd3+ in different laser hosts. The variation of Ω2 with the change in alkali oxide has been attributed to the changes in the asymmetry of the ligand field at the rare earth ion site. The shift of the hypersensitive bands, study of the oscillator strengths and the variation of the spectral profile of the transition 4I9/2 → 4F7/2 + 4S3/2 indicate a maximum covalency of Ndsbnd O bond for glass with potassium ions. From the fluorescence spectra, peak wavelength (λp), effective line widths (Δλeff) and stimulated emission cross-section (σp) have been obtained for the three transitions 4F3/2 → 4I9/2,4F3/2 → 4I11/2 and4F3/2 → 4I13/2 of Nd3+ ion. The relatively high values of σp obtained for Nd3+ in present glass system suggest that these materials can be considered as suitable candidates for laser applications. The glass with potassium ions shows the highest value of the stimulated emission cross-section.

  5. Preparation and luminescent properties of GdOF:Ce, Tb nanoparticles and their transparent PMMA nanocomposites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Wen; Wang, Aiwu; Fu, Li; Hu, Jie; Rao, Tingke; Wang, Junqing; Zhong, Jiasong; Xiang, Weidong

    2015-05-01

    GdOF:Ce, Tb nanoparticles and their poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) nanocomposites have been successfully prepared by a thermolysis route and thermal polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) monomer, respectively. The obtained nanoparticles and nanocomposites are characterized by XRD, EDS, TEM, FTIR, TGA, UV-Vis and PL spectrum. The as-synthesized transparent GdOF:Ce, Tb/PMMA nanocomposites exhibit green photoluminescence under the irradiation of 254 nm UV lamp due to the incorporation of luminescent GdOF:Ce, Tb nanoparticles into the PMMA matrix. The present route would provide a general strategy to prepare other functional nanocomposites.

  6. Luminescent properties of the Sc3+ doped single crystalline films of (Y,Lu,La)3(Al,Ga)5O12 multi-component garnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zorenko, Yu.; Gorbenko, V.; Zorenko, T.; Vasylkiv, Ya.

    2014-08-01

    The paper is dedicated to studying the luminescent and scintillation properties of the single crystalline films of Sc doped multi-component (Y,Lu,La)3(Al,Ga)5O12 garnets grown by the liquid phase epitaxy method.

  7. Spectroscopic properties and near-infrared broadband luminescence of Bi-doped SrB4O7 glasses and crystalline materials.

    PubMed

    Su, Liangbi; Zhou, Peng; Yu, Jun; Li, Hongjun; Zheng, Lihe; Wu, Feng; Yang, Yan; Yang, Qiuhong; Xu, Jun

    2009-08-03

    Spectroscopic properties of Bi-doped SrB(4)O(7) glasses, sintered compounds, polycrystalline materials, and single crystals were investigated. Broadband near-infrared luminescence was realized in Bi-doped SrB(4)O(7) glasses with basicity and polycrystalline materials with non-bridging oxygens. In Bi:SrB(4)O(7) single crystals, only visible luminescence of Bi(3+) and Bi(2+) was observed, but no near-infrared. The rigid three-dimensional network of SrB(4)O(7) crystal is proved to be unfavorable for accommodation of Bi(+) ions.

  8. Synthesis and Luminescent Properties of GaN and GaN-Mn Blue Nanocrystalline Thin-film Phosphor for FED

    SciTech Connect

    Bondar, V D; Felter, T E; Hunt, C E; Kucharsky, I Y; Chakhovskoi, A G

    2003-04-09

    The technologies of fabrication of thin film phosphors based on gallium nitride using rf-magnetron sputtering are developed and structural properties of films are studied. Luminescence and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of GaN and GaN-Mn thin films have been studied. The correlation between cathodoluminescence intensity and conductivity of GaN films has been found. The nature of emission centers in GaN and GaN-Mn thin films is discussed as well as mechanism of luminescence in these films is proposed.

  9. Blue luminescence and structural properties of Ce(3+)-activated phosphosilicate apatite Sr5(PO4)2(SiO4).

    PubMed

    Tao, Zhengxu; Huang, Yanlin; Seo, Hyo Jin

    2013-02-14

    Blue-emitting phosphors of the Ce(3+)-activated phosphosilicate Sr(5)(PO(4))(2)SiO(4) with an apatite structure were prepared via a conventional solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectra, time-resolved luminescence, thermal quenching and luminescence decay curves (lifetimes) were applied to characterize the phosphors. The effects of the Ce(3+) activator concentration on the phase evolution and luminescence properties were investigated. Sr(5-5x)Ce(5x)(PO(4))(2)SiO(4) (x = 0.03) exhibits the brightest blue emission with CIE coordinates of (x = 0.185, y = 0.165) and a quantum efficiency of 46%. The crystallographic site of the Ce(3+) ions in the Sr(5)(PO(4))(2)SiO(4) lattice was identified and discussed. There is only one distinguishable crystallographic Ce(3+) site occupied on a Sr(ii) site in the Sr(5)(PO(4))(2)SiO(4) lattices, which results in a typical doublet emission band. The wavelengths of the excitation and emission bands show a red shift with increasing Ce(3+) doping concentration. The luminescence features of the Ce(3+) ions were discussed on the base of the crystal structure. The thermal stability of the blue-emitting phosphors was evaluated by the temperature-dependent luminescence and the activation energy of the thermal quenching.

  10. Relationship between crystal structure and luminescent properties of novel red emissive BiVO4:Eu3+ and its photocatalytic performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Qianming; Li, Yan; Zeng, Zhi; Pang, Shuting

    2012-08-01

    Crystalline BiVO4:Eu3+ nanomaterials have been successfully synthesized by four different methods: co-precipitation, hydrothermal, solvothermal, and reverse micelles. The relationship between crystal structure and luminescent properties was studied by X-ray diffraction and steady-state fluorescence. The data indicate that Eu3+ 5D0 → 7F2 red luminescence at 618 nm can be excited by visible light at 466 nm in BiVO4 host. Furthermore, it has been found that the encapsulation of europium(III) in tetragonal phase (BiVO4) results in enhanced luminescence intensities compared with monoclinic phase. Transmission electron microscopy showed rods with sizes ranging from nanometer to micrometer and nanospheres can be obtained under different experimental conditions.

  11. Spectroscopic properties of Bi2ZnOB2O6 single crystals doped with Pr3+ ions: Absorption and luminescence investigations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kasprowicz, D.; Brik, M. G.; Jaroszewski, K.; Pedzinski, T.; Bursa, B.; Głuchowski, P.; Majchrowski, A.; Michalski, E.

    2015-09-01

    Nonlinear optical Bi2ZnOB2O6 single crystals doped with Pr3+ ions were grown using the Kyropoulos method. The absorption and luminescence properties of these new systems were investigated for the first time. The crystals are characterized by the large values of nonlinear optical coefficients. Effective luminescence of the Pr3+ ions makes this system an excellent candidate for the near-infrared (NIR) and/or ultraviolet (UV) to visible (VIS) laser converters. Based on the obtained experimental spectroscopic data, detailed analysis of the absorption and luminescence spectra was performed using the conventional Judd-Ofelt theory. Those transitions, which can be potentially used for laser applications of the Pr3+ ion, have been identified. In addition to the intensity parameters Ω2, Ω4, Ω6 the branching ratios and radiative lifetimes were estimated for all possible transitions in the studied spectral region.

  12. Thermal annealing effects on ultra-violet luminescence properties of Gd doped AlN

    SciTech Connect

    Kita, Takashi; Ishizu, Yuta; Tsuji, Kazuma; Harada, Yukihiro; Chigi, Yoshitaka; Nishimoto, Tetsuro; Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Kobayashi, Mikihiro; Ishihara, Tsuguo; Izumi, Hirokazu

    2015-04-28

    We studied energy transfer from AlN to doped Gd{sup 3+} ions as a function of the post-thermal annealing temperature. Gd-doped AlN thin films were deposited on fused-silica substrates using a reactive radio-frequency magnetron sputtering technique. The film is a c-axis oriented polycrystal. The intra-orbital electron transition in Gd{sup 3+} showed an atomically sharp luminescence at 3.9 eV (318 nm). The photoluminescence (PL) excitation spectrum exhibited a resonant peak, indicating efficient energy transfer from the host AlN crystal to Gd{sup 3+} ions. The PL intensity increases approximately ten times by thermal annealing. The PL decay lifetime becomes long with annealing, and mid-gap luminescence relating to the crystal defects in AlN was also found to be reduced by annealing. These results suggest that energy dissipation of excited carriers in AlN was suppressed by annealing, and the efficiency of energy transfer into Gd{sup 3+} was improved.

  13. Strictly monolayer large continuous MoS2 films on diverse substrates and their luminescence properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohapatra, P. K.; Deb, S.; Singh, B. P.; Vasa, P.; Dhar, S.

    2016-01-01

    Despite a tremendous interest on molybdenum disulfide as a thinnest direct band gap semiconductor, single step synthesis of a large area purely monolayer MoS2 film has not yet been reported. Here, we report a CVD route to synthesize a continuous film of strictly monolayer MoS2 covering an area as large as a few cm2 on a variety of different substrates without using any seeding material or any elaborate pretreatment of the substrate. This is achieved by allowing the growth to take place in the naturally formed gap between a piece of SiO2 coated Si wafer and the substrate, when the latter is placed on top of the former inside a CVD reactor. We propose a qualitative model to explain why the MoS2 films are always strictly monolayer in this method. The photoluminescence study of these monolayers shows the characteristic excitonic and trionic features associated with monolayer MoS2. In addition, a broad defect related luminescence band appears at ˜1.7 eV. As temperature decreases, the intensity of this broad feature increases, while the band edge luminescence reduces.

  14. Effect of silver ions and clusters on the luminescence properties of Eu-doped borate glasses

    SciTech Connect

    Jiao, Qing; Wang, Xi; Qiu, Jianbei; Zhou, Dacheng

    2015-12-15

    Highlights: • Ag{sup +} and Ag clusters are investigated in the borate glasses via ion exchange method. • The aggregation of silver ions to the clusters was controlled by the ion exchange concentration. • Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} ions emission was enhanced with the sensitization of the silver species. • Energy transfer process from Ag ions and Ag clusters to Eu ions is identified by the lifetime measurements. - Abstract: Silver ions and clusters were applied to Eu{sup 3+}-doped borate glasses via the Ag{sup +}–Na{sup +} ion exchange method. Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} ion luminescence enhancement was achieved after silver ion exchange. Absorption spectra showed no band at 420 nm, which indicates that silver nanoparticles can be excluded as a silver state in the glass. Silver ion aggregation into clusters during the ion exchange process may be inferred. The effect of silver ions and clusters on rare earth emissions was investigated using spectral information and lifetime measurements. Significant luminescence enhancements were observed from the energy transfer of Ag{sup +} ions and clusters to Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} ions, companied with the silver ions aggregated into the clusters state. The results of this research may extend the current understanding of interactions between rare-earth ions and Ag species.

  15. XPS analysis and luminescence properties of thin films deposited by the pulsed laser deposition technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dolo, J. J.; Swart, H. C.; Coetsee, E.; Terblans, J. J.; Ntwaeaborwa, O. M.; Dejene, B. F.

    2010-04-01

    This paper presents the effect of substrate temperature and oxygen partial pressure on the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of the Gd2O2S:Tb3 + thin films that were grown by using pulsed laser deposition (PLD). The PL intensity increased with an increase in the oxygen partial pressure and substrate temperature. The thin film deposited at an oxygen pressure of 900 mTorr and substrate temperature of 900°C was found to be the best in terms of the PL intensity of the Gd2O2S:Tb3 + emission. The main emission peak due to the 5D4-7F5 transition of Tb was measured at a wavelength of 545 nm. The stability of these thin films under prolonged electron bombardment was tested with a combination of techniques such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and Cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopy. It was shown that the main reason for the degradation in luminescence intensity under electron bombardment is the formation of a non-luminescent Gd2O3 layer, with small amounts of Gd2S3, on the surface.

  16. Preparation and luminescence properties of ZnO:Ga - polystyrene composite scintillator.

    PubMed

    Burešová, Hana; Procházková, Lenka; Turtos, Rosana Martinez; Jarý, Vítězslav; Mihóková, Eva; Beitlerová, Alena; Pjatkan, Radek; Gundacker, Stefan; Auffray, Etiennette; Lecoq, Paul; Nikl, Martin; Čuba, Václav

    2016-07-11

    Highly luminescent ZnO:Ga-polystyrene composite (ZnO:Ga-PS) with ultrafast subnanosecond decay was prepared by homogeneous embedding the ZnO:Ga scintillating powder into the scintillating organic matrix. The powder was prepared by photo-induced precipitation with subsequent calcination in air and Ar/H2 atmospheres. The composite was subsequently prepared by mixing the ZnO:Ga powder into the polystyrene (10 wt% fraction of ZnO:Ga) and press compacted to the 1 mm thick pellet. Luminescent spectral and kinetic characteristics of ZnO:Ga were preserved. Radioluminescence spectra corresponded purely to the ZnO:Ga scintillating phase and emission of polystyrene at 300-350 nm was absent. These features suggest the presence of non-radiative energy transfer from polystyrene host towards the ZnO:Ga scintillating phase which is confirmed by the measurement of X-ray excited scintillation decay with picosecond time resolution. It shows an ultrafast rise time below the time resolution of the experiment (18 ps) and a single-exponential decay with the decay time around 500 ps.

  17. Luminescence properties of Eu3+ doped CaMoO4 nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Parchur, Abdul Kareem; Ningthoujam, Raghumani Singh; Rai, Shyam Bahadur; Okram, Gunadhor Singh; Singh, Ram Asaray; Tyagi, Mohit; Gadkari, S C; Tewari, Raghvendra; Vatsa, Rajesh Kumar

    2011-08-07

    When Eu(3+) ions occupy Ca(2+) sites of CaMoO(4), which has a body centered tetragonal structure with inversion symmetry, only the magnetic dipole transition ((5)D(0)→(7)F(1)) should be allowed according to Judd-Ofelt theory. Even if there are a few distortions in the Eu(3+) environment, its intensity should be more than that of the electric dipole transition ((5)D(0)→(7)F(2)). We report here the opposite effect experimentally and ascribe this to the polarizability effect of the MoO(4) tetrahedron, which is neighboring to EuO(8) (symmetric environment). The contribution of the energy transfer process from the Mo-O charge transfer band to Eu(3+) and the role of Eu(3+) over the surface of the particle could be distinguished when luminescence decay processes were measured at two different excitations (250 and 398 nm). Further, the luminescence intensities and lifetimes increase significantly with increasing heat-treatment temperature of the doped samples. This is attributed to the reduction of H(2)O from the surface of the particles and a non-radiative process after heat treatment.

  18. Thermal annealing effects on ultra-violet luminescence properties of Gd doped AlN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kita, Takashi; Ishizu, Yuta; Tsuji, Kazuma; Harada, Yukihiro; Chigi, Yoshitaka; Nishimoto, Tetsuro; Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Kobayashi, Mikihiro; Ishihara, Tsuguo; Izumi, Hirokazu

    2015-04-01

    We studied energy transfer from AlN to doped Gd3+ ions as a function of the post-thermal annealing temperature. Gd-doped AlN thin films were deposited on fused-silica substrates using a reactive radio-frequency magnetron sputtering technique. The film is a c-axis oriented polycrystal. The intra-orbital electron transition in Gd3+ showed an atomically sharp luminescence at 3.9 eV (318 nm). The photoluminescence (PL) excitation spectrum exhibited a resonant peak, indicating efficient energy transfer from the host AlN crystal to Gd3+ ions. The PL intensity increases approximately ten times by thermal annealing. The PL decay lifetime becomes long with annealing, and mid-gap luminescence relating to the crystal defects in AlN was also found to be reduced by annealing. These results suggest that energy dissipation of excited carriers in AlN was suppressed by annealing, and the efficiency of energy transfer into Gd3+ was improved.

  19. Study of the structure and luminescent properties of terbium complex intercalated Zn/Al layered double hydroxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Xiaorui; Xie, Juan; Yin, Yaobing; Hao, Yongjing; Lian, Yiwei

    2016-01-01

    Terbium complex of ethylenediaminetetraacetate ([Tb(EDTA)]-) intercalated Zn/Al layered double hydroxide (LDH), as an inorganic-organic green-emitting phosphor, was synthesized through an ion exchange method. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra exhibit a successful intercalation of [Tb(EDTA)]- anions between the hydroxide sheets of the LDH. The basal spacing of 14.5 Å indicate a vertical arrangement of [Tb(EDTA)]- anions with the maximal dimension in the gallery is adopted. The luminescent properties of this material were studied by excitation and emission spectra. The results show that the strongest emission peak of Tb3+ ion occurs at 544 nm. This material may supply a candidate of green light emitting phosphor.

  20. Luminescence and scintillation properties of liquid phase epitaxy grown Y2SiO5:Ce single crystalline films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wantong, Kriangkrai; Yawai, Nattasuda; Chewpraditkul, Weerapong; Kucera, Miroslav; Hanus, Martin; Nikl, Martin

    2017-06-01

    Luminescence and scintillation properties of Y2SiO5:Ce single crystalline film (YSO:Ce-LPE) grown by the liquid phase epitaxy technique are investigated and compared to the bulk Czochralski-grown YSO:Ce single crystal (YSO:Ce-SC). The light yield (LY) and energy resolution are measured using an R6231 photomultiplier under excitation with α - and γ- rays. At 662 keV γ- rays, the LY value of 12,410 ph/MeV obtained for YSO:Ce -LPE is lower than that of 20,150 ph/MeV for YSO:Ce -SC whereas the comparable LY value and energy resolution are obtained under excitation with 5.5 MeV α- rays. The ratio of LY under excitation with α- and γ- rays (α/γ ratio) is determined. Dependence of LY on an amplifier shaping time (0.5-12 μs) is also measured.

  1. Luminescence and scintillation properties of Tl- and Ce-doped Cs2HfCl6 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saeki, Keiichiro; Fujimoto, Yutaka; Koshimizu, Masanori; Nakauchi, Daisuke; Tanaka, Hironori; Yanagida, Takayuki; Asai, Keisuke

    2017-02-01

    The luminescence and scintillation properties of Tl- and Ce-doped Cs2HfCl6 crystals were investigated by photoluminescence and radioluminescence spectroscopy. In the photoluminescence spectra, emission bands of the activators were observed at 500 nm for Tl-doped Cs2HfCl6, and at 340 and 380 nm for Ce-doped Cs2HfCl6. The radioluminescence bands were observed at 405 and 430 nm for Tl- and Ce-doped Cs2HfCl6, respectively. Scintillation decay time constants for the Tl- and Ce-doped Cs2HfCl6 were smaller than those for the corresponding undoped crystals. Scintillation light yields for Tl- and Ce-doped Cs2HfCl6 were estimated to be 23,700 and 15,700 photons/MeV, respectively.

  2. Hexagonal spherical Ln3+-doped NaGdF4: A facile double solvent hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Kelu; Huang, Zhuanzhuan; Yu, Qiao-He; Wang, Yi-Yan; Xia, Tian-Long

    2017-04-01

    Different sizes of hexagonal spherical NaGdF4:Eu3+ particles are synthesized via a facile hydrothermal method with the use of ethylene glycol (EG), propylene glycol (PG) or butylene glycol (BG) as another solvent. The particle size decreases with the addition of EG, PG or BG and the decreasing trend in BG/H2O system is significantly more than that in the other two systems. Meanwhile, results show that luminescent properties of NaGdF4:Eu3+ are enhanced along with the decrease of particle size. Besides, the energy transfer from Dy3+ to Eu3+ is directly observed in the PL spectra of NaGdF4:Eu3+/Dy3+.

  3. Luminescence properties of Tb3+ doped Sr2SnO4 green phosphor in UV/VUV regions.

    PubMed

    Srinivas, M; Rao, B Appa; Vithal, M; Rao, P Raghava

    2013-01-01

    Polycrystalline Sr2SnO4 phosphors doped with Tb(3+) were prepared by conventional solid-state reaction method. Materials were characterized by powder XRD and EDS techniques. The luminescence properties of these materials were investigated under UV and VUV excitation. Upon excitation at 272 nm, phosphors exhibited intense emissions at 492 and 543 nm due to (5)D4 → (7)F6 and (5)D4 → (7)F5 transitions of Tb(3+) ions, respectively. Materials also exhibited strong emissions from these transitions under VUV excitation at 147, 173 and 230 nm. Quantitative analysis of the spectra indicated probable applications of these phosphors for PDP and other display devices as green emitting phosphors. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Luminescence and cathodoluminescent properties of monoclinic Y2WO6 co-doped with Dy-Bi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Peiju; Zhang, Wei; Hu, Zhengfa; Feng, Zuyong; Ma, Lun; Zhang, Xiuping; Sheng, Xia; Luo, Li; Wang, Yinhai

    2017-08-01

    Dy-Bi co-doped yttrium tungstate crystal materials were synthesized by high temperature solid-state method. To reveal the photoluminescence features and properties of the samples, some measurements have been taken. It turned out that different Bi3+ concentrations play obvious influence in emission performance, and show visible light emission under ultraviolet light excitation. Besides, the effect of temperature on phase structure of samples has also been studied here. Superhigh X-ray luminescence of the phosphors exhibited the promising application in the field of high energy detection. The X-ray irradiation crystal resistance stability of the phosphors has also been investigated through the subsequent testing of XRD and spectra.

  5. Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescent properties of one coordination polymer of cadmium(II) with mixed thiocyanate and hexamethylenetetramine ligands.

    PubMed

    Bai, Yan; Shang, Wei-Li; Dang, Dong-Bin; Sun, Ji-De; Gao, Hui

    2009-03-01

    A novel Cd(II) coordination polymer [Cd(SCN)(2)(hmt)(1/2)(H(2)O)](2).H(2)O (hmt=hexamethylenetetramine) has been synthesized and characterized by IR, elemental analysis, TG technique and X-ray crystallography. Cd(II) atom has an distorted octahedral environment with an N(3)S(2)O donor set. Every six Cd(II) centers are linked by hmt and thiocyanato bridges to form a planar 2D coordination polymer containing hexagonal metallocyclic rings [Cd(6)(SCN)(8)(hmt)(2)]. A 2D layer structure is held together with its neighboring ones via a set of hydrogen-bonding interactions to form a 3D supramolecular structure. The luminescent properties of the title complex in the solid state were investigated.

  6. Energy absorption buildup factors, exposure buildup factors and Kerma for optically stimulated luminescence materials and their tissue equivalence for radiation dosimetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Vishwanath P.; Badiger, N. M.

    2014-11-01

    Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) materials are sensitive dosimetric materials used for precise and accurate dose measurement for low-energy ionizing radiation. Low dose measurement capability with improved sensitivity makes these dosimeters very useful for diagnostic imaging, personnel monitoring and environmental radiation dosimetry. Gamma ray energy absorption buildup factors and exposure build factors were computed for OSL materials using the five-parameter Geometric Progression (G-P) fitting method in the energy range 0.015-15 MeV for penetration depths up to 40 mean free path. The computed energy absorption buildup factor and exposure buildup factor values were studied as a function of penetration depth and incident photon energy. Effective atomic numbers and Kerma relative to air of the selected OSL materials and tissue equivalence were computed and compared with that of water, PMMA and ICRU standard tissues. The buildup factors and kerma relative to air were found dependent upon effective atomic numbers. Buildup factors determined in the present work should be useful in radiation dosimetry, medical diagnostics and therapy, space dosimetry, accident dosimetry and personnel monitoring.

  7. Intracavitary in vivo dosimetry based on multichannel fiber-coupled radioluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:C

    SciTech Connect

    Spasic, E.; Magne, S.; Aubineau-Laniece, I.; De Carlan, L.; Malet, C.; Ginestet, C.; Ferdinand, P.

    2011-07-01

    Fiber Optic Dosimetric Catheters (FODCs) composed of chains of alumina crystals are investigated by the CEA LIST within the French ANR-INTRADOSE Project in the purpose of intracavitary in vivo dosimetry (IVD) during Brachytherapy (BT) with iridium sources and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) with linear accelerators. A dedicated process involving PMMA fibers, cast altogether forming hexagonal bundle, is demonstrated. Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) signals are recorded on-line after irradiation and absorbed doses are compared to planned dose distribution. Real-time dose measurements may also be performed by recording the Radioluminescence (RL), spontaneously emitted by the crystals during irradiation. In this case, a correction method is implemented to correct for stem effect influence (Cerenkov and scintillation generated within the fibers). For BT, the dual-fiber subtraction method is used (using a reference fiber) whereas the time discrimination method is used for IMRT. The experimental dose distribution leads to an underestimation of the source-sensor distance presumably due to energy dependence of the alumina crystal at low photon energy. At the time being, Monte-Carlo modeling of the FODC is performed with the aim to estimate this energy dependence and finally correct for it. Finally, metrological and preclinical validations are still running at Centre Leon Berard (Lyon (France)) in the purpose of checking the compliance of the FODC prototypes with treatment specifications and medical constraints. (authors)

  8. Homo- and heteronuclear compounds with a symmetrical bis-hydrazone ligand: synthesis, structural studies, and luminescent properties.

    PubMed

    Rodríguez-Hermida, Sabina; Lago, Ana B; Carballo, Rosa; Fabelo, Oscar; Vázquez-López, Ezequiel M

    2015-04-20

    Nine new coordination compounds have been synthesized by the reaction of salts of bivalent metal ions (a=Zn(II) , b=Cu(II) , c=Ni(II) , d=Co(II) ) with the bis(benzoylhydrazone) derivative of 4,6-diacetylresorcinol (H4 L). Three kinds of complexes have been obtained: homodinuclear compounds [M2 (H2 L)2 ]⋅nH2 O (1 a, 1 b, 1 c, and 1 d), homotetranuclear compounds [M4 (L)2 ]⋅n(solv) (2 a and 2 c), and heterotetranuclear compounds [Zn2 M2 (L)2 ]⋅n(solv) (2 ab, 2 ac, and 2 ad). The structures of the free ligand H4 L⋅2 DMSO and its complexes [Zn2 (H2 L)2 (DMSO)2 ] (1 a*), [Zn4 (L)2 (DMSO)6 ] (2 a*), and [Zn0.45 Cu3.55 (L)2 (DMSO)6 ]⋅2 DMSO (2 ab*) were elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The ligand shows luminescence properties and its fluorimetric behavior towards M(II) metals (M=Zn, Cu, Ni and Co) has been studied. Furthermore, the solid-state luminescence properties of the ligand and compounds have been determined at room temperature. (1) H NMR spectroscopic monitoring of the reaction of H4 L with Zn(II) showed the deprotonation sequence of the OH/NH groups upon metal coordination. Heteronuclear reactions have also been monitored by using ESI-MS and spectrofluorimetric techniques. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  9. Luminescence properties of lanthanide and ytterbium lanthanide titanate thin films grown by atomic layer deposition

    SciTech Connect

    Hansen, Per-Anders Fjellvåg, Helmer; Nilsen, Ola; Finstad, Terje G.

    2016-01-15

    Lanthanide based luminescent materials are highly suitable as down conversion materials in combination with a UV-absorbing host material. The authors have used TiO{sub 2} as the UV-absorbing host material and investigated the energy transfer between TiO{sub 2} and 11 different lanthanide ions, Ln{sup 3+} (Ln = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) in thin films grown by atomic layer deposition. They have also investigated the possibility to improve the overall energy transfer from TiO{sub 2} to Yb{sup 3+} with a second Ln{sup 3+}, in order to enhance down conversion. The films were grown at a substrate temperature of 300 °C, using the Ln(thd){sub 3}/O{sub 3} (thd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione) and TiCl{sub 4}/H{sub 2}O precursor pairs. The focus of the work is to explore the energy transfer from TiO{sub 2} to Ln{sup 3+} ions, and the energy transfer between Ln{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} ions, which could lead to efficient down conversion. The samples have been characterized by x-ray diffraction, x-ray fluorescence, spectroscopic ellipsometry, and photoluminescence. All films were amorphous as deposited, and the samples have been annealed at 600, 800, and 1000 °C in order to investigate the correlation between the crystallinity and luminescence. The lanthanum titanium oxide samples showed a weak and broad emission centered at 540 nm, which was absent in all the other samples, indicating energy transfer from TiO{sub 2} to Ln{sup 3+} in all other lanthanide samples. In the amorphous phase, all samples, apart from La, Tb, and Tm, showed a typical f-f emission when excited by a 325 nm HeCd laser. None of the samples showed any luminescence after annealing at 1000 °C due to the formation of Ln{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}. Samples containing Nd, Sm, and Eu show a change in emission spectrum when annealed at 800 °C compared to the as-deposited samples, indicating that the smaller lanthanides crystallize in a different manner than the larger

  10. Dual modal in vivo imaging using upconversion luminescence and enhanced computed tomography properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Guo; Liu, Yanlan; Yuan, Qinghai; Zong, Chenghua; Liu, Jianhua; Lu, Lehui

    2011-10-01

    In vivo upconversion luminescence (UCL) imaging, exhibiting favorable characteristics such as high photostability, no blinking, sharp emission lines, and long lifetimes, is recognized as the excellent and significant photoluminescence imaging for the future. To develop the imaging system with high visual sensitivity and tissue penetration, the functional molecules with X-ray computed tomography (CT) contrast were grafted onto upconversion nanoparticles to obtain β-NaYF4:18% Yb3+,2%Er3+@SiO2-I/PEG (UCNPs@SiO2-I/PEG) nanoprobes. These nanoprobes are water-soluble, have low cytotoxicity, and possess excellent UCL and remarkable CT contrast. Of particular note is that, besides the element iodine, rare earth elements (Y, Yb, and Er) present in the nanoprobes also show CT contrast. Moreover, no background autofluorescence signal is found in in vivo UCL images. We believe that these nanoprobes with dual modal in vivo imaging of UCL and CT can serve as a promising platform for clinical diagnosis or biomedical studies.In vivo upconversion luminescence (UCL) imaging, exhibiting favorable characteristics such as high photostability, no blinking, sharp emission lines, and long lifetimes, is recognized as the excellent and significant photoluminescence imaging for the future. To develop the imaging system with high visual sensitivity and tissue penetration, the functional molecules with X-ray computed tomography (CT) contrast were grafted onto upconversion nanoparticles to obtain β-NaYF4:18% Yb3+,2%Er3+@SiO2-I/PEG (UCNPs@SiO2-I/PEG) nanoprobes. These nanoprobes are water-soluble, have low cytotoxicity, and possess excellent UCL and remarkable CT contrast. Of particular note is that, besides the element iodine, rare earth elements (Y, Yb, and Er) present in the nanoprobes also show CT contrast. Moreover, no background autofluorescence signal is found in in vivo UCL images. We believe that these nanoprobes with dual modal in vivo imaging of UCL and CT can serve as a promising

  11. Optical and luminescence properties of Dy3+ ions in phosphate based glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasool, Sk. Nayab; Rama Moorthy, L.; Jayasankar, C. K.

    2013-08-01

    Phosphate glasses with compositions of 44P2O5 + 17K2O + 9Al2O3 + (30 - x)CaF2 + xDy2O3 (x = 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 mol %) were prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), optical absorption, emission and decay measurements. The observed absorption bands were analyzed by using the free-ion Hamiltonian (HFI) model. The Judd-Ofelt (JO) analysis has been performed and the intensity parameters (Ωλ, λ = 2, 4, 6) were evaluated in order to predict the radiative properties of the excited states. From the emission spectra, the effective band widths (Δλeff), stimulated emission cross-sections (σ(λp)), yellow to blue (Y/B) intensity ratios and chromaticity color coordinates (x, y) have been determined. The fluorescence decays from the 4F9/2 level of Dy3+ ions were measured by monitoring the intense 4F9/2 → 6H15/2 transition (486 nm). The experimental lifetimes (τexp) are found to decrease with the increase of Dy3+ ions concentration due to the quenching process. The decay curves are perfectly single exponential at lower concentrations and gradually changes to non-exponential for higher concentrations. The non-exponential decay curves are well fitted to the Inokuti-Hirayama (IH) model for S = 6, which indicates that the energy transfer between the donor and acceptor is of dipole-dipole type. The systematic analysis of revealed that the energy transfer mechanism strongly depends on Dy3+ ions concentration and the host glass composition.

  12. Luminescence and electrical properties of single ZnO/MgO core/shell nanowires

    SciTech Connect

    Grinblat, Gustavo; Comedi, David; Bern, Francis; Barzola-Quiquia, José; Esquinazi, Pablo; Tirado, Mónica

    2014-03-10

    To neutralise the influence of the surface of ZnO nanowires for photonics and optoelectronic applications, we have covered them with insulating MgO film and individually contacted them for electrical characterisation. We show that such a metal-insulator-semiconductor-type nanodevice exhibits a high diode ideality factor of 3.4 below 1 V. MgO shell passivates ZnO surface states and provides confining barriers to electrons and holes within the ZnO core, favouring excitonic ultraviolet radiative recombination, while suppressing defect-related luminescence in the visible and improving electrical conductivity. The results indicate the potential use of ZnO/MgO nanowires as a convenient building block for nano-optoelectronic devices.

  13. Luminescence properties and optical dephasing in a glass-ceramic containing sodium-niobate nanocrystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Almeida, E.; de S. Menezes, L.; de Araújo, Cid B.; Lipovskii, A. A.

    2011-06-01

    Photoluminescence (PL) and degenerate four-wave-mixing (DFWM) experiments were performed in a silica-niobic composite containing NaNbO3 nanocrystals. The PL results indicate the presence of in-gap states attributed to excitons in the nanocrystals and defect centers. The luminescence of the samples becomes more intense at low temperatures, indicating that nonradiative relaxations dominate the dynamics of the in-gap states. The DFWM experiments allowed for measurements of the homogeneous relaxation time, (20 ± 3) fs, of the third-order polarization at room temperature. The main contributions to the dynamics of the electronic response are attributed to the trapping of electrons in the in-gap states and to carrier and phonon scattering.

  14. Luminescent properties of ZrO2:Tb nanoparticles for applications in neuroscience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Słońska, A.; Kaszewski, J.; Wolska-Kornio, E.; Witkowski, B.; Wachnicki, Ł.; Mijowska, E.; Karakitsou, V.; Gajewski, Z.; Godlewski, M.; Godlewski, M. M.

    2016-09-01

    In this paper a new generation of non-toxic nanoparticles based on the zirconium oxide doped with 0.5%Tb and co-doped by the range of 0-70% with Y was evaluated for the use as a fluorescent biomarker of neuronal trafficking. The ZrO2:Tb nanoparticles were created by microwave driven hydrothermal method. Influence of the yttrium content and thermal processing on the Tb3+ related luminescence emission was discussed. The higher intensities were achieved, when host was cubic and for the nanoparticles with 33 nm. Presence of yttrium was associated with the energy coupling of the host and dopant, wide excitation band is present at 309 and 322 nm before and after calcination respectively.

  15. Remote Plasma Driven Modifications in Luminescent Properties of ZnO Nanopowders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vallejo, Henry; Paramo, Antonio; Peters, Raul; Kumar, Pankaj; Strzhemechny, Yuri

    2008-10-01

    Photoluminescence (PL) spectra of several commercially available ZnO nanopowders were investigated for as-received and remote-plasma treated samples. Sample-to-sample spectral discrepancies, even for materials from the same vendor, were observed at room temperatures as well as at 8 K. These differences, in both the near-band transitions and defect luminescence, are significant enough to obscure possible spectral dependence on the average nanocrystalline grain size and the grain size distribution (as measured by electron microscopy). Temperature-dependent PL spectra were analyzed in detail for the bound exciton range. Numerical fits of peak intensities and peak positions vs. temperature for a number of excitonic emissions using Arrhenius and Varshni approximations yielded activation energies and Debye temperatures. Significant spectral modifications were observed, at room and low temperatures, after the nanopowders were treated with remote O, N, and H plasmas. Different plasma species produced distinct signatures in the spectra.

  16. Luminescence and scintillation properties of Rb2HfCl6 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saeki, Keiichiro; Wakai, Yuki; Fujimoto, Yutaka; Koshimizu, Masanori; Yanagida, Takayuki; Nakauchi, Daisuke; Asai, Keisuke

    2016-11-01

    We developed a scintillator based on a Rb2HfCl6 crystal as a ternary halide crystal with intrinsic luminescence. In the photoluminescence spectra, two emission bands are observed at 383 and 434 nm. The 434 nm emission band for Rb2HfCl6 may be attributed to [HfCl6]2- complex ion or [ZrCl6]2- impurity, since the Rb2HfCl6 contained Zr as impurity at 0.62 mol %. The radioluminescence band is observed at 420 nm and can be attributed to the same origin as the photoluminescence band at 434 nm. The scintillation decay-time constants were 0.84 and 5.4 µs. The light yield was estimated to be 24,100 photons/MeV.

  17. Synthesis and luminescence properties of iridium(III) azide- and triazole-bisterpyridine complexes.

    PubMed

    Goldstein, Daniel C; Peterson, Joshua R; Cheng, Yuen Yap; Clady, Raphael G C; Schmidt, Timothy W; Thordarson, Pall

    2013-07-26

    We describe here the synthesis of azide-functionalised iridium(III) bisterpyridines using the "chemistry on the complex" strategy. The resulting azide-complexes are then used in the copper(I)-catalysed azide-alkyne Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition "click chemistry" reaction to from the corresponding triazole-functionalised iridium(III) bisterpyridines. The photophysical characteristics, including lifetimes, of these compounds were also investigated. Interestingly, oxygen appears to have very little effect on the lifetime of these complexes in aqueous solutions. Unexpectedly, sodium ascorbate acid appears to quench the luminescence of triazole-functionalised iridium(III) bisterpyridines, but this effect can be reversed by the addition of copper(II) sulfate, which is known to oxidize ascorbate under aerobic conditions. The results demonstrate that iridium(III) bisterpyridines can be functionalized for use in "click chemistry" facilitating the use of these photophysically interesting complexes in the modification of polymers or surfaces, to highlight just two possible applications.

  18. The purification, crystal growth, and spectral-luminescent properties of PbCl 2:RE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basiev, T. T.; Danileiko, Yu. K.; Dmitruk, L. N.; Galagan, B. I.; Moiseeva, L. V.; Osiko, V. V.; Sviridova, E. E.; Vinogradova, N. N.

    2004-04-01

    This paper contains some details of the PbCl 2:RECl 3 crystal growth process (RENd, Dy, Tb). The essential part of this process is the careful purification of both initial PbCl 2 and RECl 3 materials from non-isomorphic impurities, especially from O 2- and OH - ions. Method of chlorination, zone refining, and final process of PbCl 2:RECl 3 single crystals growth are described. Luminescent spectra of Nd 3+, Dy 3+, and Tb 3+ doped PbCl 2 in the 4-5.5 μm spectral range are presented and decay times of 4I 11/2 (Nd 3+), 6H 11/2 (Dy 3+), and 7F 5 (Tb 3+) levels are measured.

  19. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) response of Al2O3:C, BaFCl:Eu and K2Ca2(SO4)3:Eu phosphors.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Pratik; Bahl, Shaila; Sahare, P D; Kumar, Surender; Singh, Manveer

    2015-12-01

    This paper investigates the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) response of BaFCl:Eu and K2Ca2(SO4)3:Eu phosphors for different doses and bleaching durations. The results have also been compared with the commercially available Landauer Al2O3:C (Luxel®) dosemeter. Nanocrystalline K2Ca2(SO4)3:Eu is known to be a sensitive thermoluminescent phosphor, but its OSL response is hardly reported. At first, pellets of nanocrystalline K2Ca2(SO4)3:Eu powder were prepared by adding Teflon as a binder. Their OSL signal was compared with that of the material in pure form, i.e. without adding the binder (in 100:1 ratio). It was observed that adding the binder does not appreciably affect the OSL intensity. On comparison with the commercially available Al2O3:C from Landauer, it was found that K2Ca2(SO4)3:Eu is around 15 times less sensitive than Al2O3:C. 'Homemade' BaFCl:Eu phosphor has also been studied. The intensity of BaFCl:Eu was ∼20 times more than the standard Al2O3:C dosemeter and ∼200 times more sensitive than K2Ca2(SO4)3:Eu in the dose range of 13-200 cGy. OSL dosemeters are believed to give luminescence signal even if they are read before, i.e. multiple reading may be possible under suitable conditions after single exposure. This was also checked for all the prepared dosemeters and it was found that Al2O3:C showed the least decrease of <2 %, followed by BaFCl:Eu of 15 % and K2Ca2(SO4)3:Eu with 20 %. Finally, Al2O3:C and BaFCl:Eu phosphors were also studied for their optical bleaching durations to which the respective signals get completely removed so that the phosphor can be re-used. It was observed that BaFCl:Eu is bleached faster and more easily than Al2O3:C.

  20. Optical fiber spectroscopy: A study of the luminescent properties of the europium ion for thermal sensors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buoncristiani, A. Martin

    1992-01-01

    Recently, there has been interest in developing a distributed temperature sensor integrated into an optical fiber. Such a system would allow embedding of the optical fiber within or on a structural material to provide for continuous monitoring of the material's temperature. Work has already begun on the development of a temperature sensor using the temperature dependent emission spectra from the lanthanide rare earths doped into crystalline hosts. The lifetime, the linewidth and the integrated intensity of this emission are each sensitive to changes in the temperature and can provide a basis for thermometry. One concept for incorporating this phenomena into an optical fiber based sensor involves bonding the optically active material to the cladding of an optical fiber and allowing the luminescent light to couple into the the fiber by the evanescent wave. Experimental work developing this concept has already been reported. Measurements of the linewidth of Eu3+:Y2O3, diffused into a fiber, made by Albin clearly show a strong and regular dependence on temperature over the range of 300 to 1000 K. We report here on a study of the temperature dependence of the lineshape of the emission at 611 nm using the data in references. We focus attention on understanding the general behavior of the Eu3+:Y2O3 system. Building upon understanding of this system we will be able to establish the physical criterial for a good optical fiber based temperature sensor and then to examine available data on other lanthanide rare earths and transition metal ions to determine the best luminescent system for temperature sensing in an optical fiber.