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Sample records for subtotal nephrectomy role

  1. Ozone Therapy on Rats Submitted to Subtotal Nephrectomy: Role of Antioxidant System

    PubMed Central

    Calunga, José Luis; Zamora, Zullyt B.; Borrego, Aluet; del Río, Sarahí; Barber, Ernesto; Menéndez, Silvia; Hernández, Frank; Montero, Teresita; Taboada, Dunia

    2005-01-01

    Chronic renal failure (CRF) represents a world health problem. Ozone increases the endogenous antioxidant defense system, preserving the cell redox state. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of ozone/oxygen mixture in the renal function, morphology, and biochemical parameters, in an experimental model of CRF (subtotal nephrectomy). Ozone/oxygen mixture was applied daily, by rectal insufflation (0.5 mg/kg) for 15 sessions after the nephrectomy. Renal function was evaluated, as well as different biochemical parameters, at the beginning and at the end of the study (10 weeks). Renal plasmatic flow (RPF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), the urine excretion index, and the sodium and potassium excretions (as a measurement of tubular function) in the ozone group were similar to those in Sham group. Nevertheless, nephrectomized rats without ozone (positive control group) showed the lowest RPF, GFR, and urine excretion figures, as well as tubular function. Animals treated with ozone showed systolic arterial pressure (SAP) figures lower than those in the positive control group, but higher values compared to Sham group. Serum creatinine values and protein excretion in 24 hours in the ozone group were decreased compared with nephrectomized rats, but were still higher than normal values. Histological study demonstrated that animals treated with ozone showed less number of lesions in comparison with nephrectomized rats. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances were significantly increased in nephrectomized and ozone-treated nephrectomized rats in comparison with Sham group. In the positive control group, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) showed the lowest figures in comparison with the other groups. However, ozone/oxygen mixture induced a significant stimulation in the enzymatic activity of CAT, SOD, and glutathione peroxidase, as well as reduced glutathione in relation with Sham and positive control groups. In this animal model of CRF, ozone rectal

  2. Ozone therapy on rats submitted to subtotal nephrectomy: role of antioxidant system.

    PubMed

    Calunga, José Luis; Zamora, Zullyt B; Borrego, Aluet; Río, Sarahí del; Barber, Ernesto; Menéndez, Silvia; Hernández, Frank; Montero, Teresita; Taboada, Dunia

    2005-08-31

    Chronic renal failure (CRF) represents a world health problem. Ozone increases the endogenous antioxidant defense system, preserving the cell redox state. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of ozone/oxygen mixture in the renal function, morphology, and biochemical parameters, in an experimental model of CRF (subtotal nephrectomy). Ozone/oxygen mixture was applied daily, by rectal insufflation (0.5 mg/kg) for 15 sessions after the nephrectomy. Renal function was evaluated, as well as different biochemical parameters, at the beginning and at the end of the study (10 weeks). Renal plasmatic flow (RPF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), the urine excretion index, and the sodium and potassium excretions (as a measurement of tubular function) in the ozone group were similar to those in Sham group. Nevertheless, nephrectomized rats without ozone (positive control group) showed the lowest RPF, GFR, and urine excretion figures, as well as tubular function. Animals treated with ozone showed systolic arterial pressure (SAP) figures lower than those in the positive control group, but higher values compared to Sham group. Serum creatinine values and protein excretion in 24 hours in the ozone group were decreased compared with nephrectomized rats, but were still higher than normal values. Histological study demonstrated that animals treated with ozone showed less number of lesions in comparison with nephrectomized rats. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances were significantly increased in nephrectomized and ozone-treated nephrectomized rats in comparison with Sham group. In the positive control group, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) showed the lowest figures in comparison with the other groups. However, ozone/oxygen mixture induced a significant stimulation in the enzymatic activity of CAT, SOD, and glutathione peroxidase, as well as reduced glutathione in relation with Sham and positive control groups. In this animal model of CRF, ozone rectal

  3. Effects of maternal subtotal nephrectomy on the development of the fetal kidney: A morphometric study.

    PubMed

    Kondo, Tomohiro; Kitano-Amahori, Yoko; Nagai, Hiroaki; Mino, Masaki; Takeshita, Ai; Kusakabe, Ken Takeshi; Okada, Toshiya

    2015-11-01

    The present study was designed to explore if maternal subtotal (5/6) nephrectomy affects the development of fetal rat kidneys using morphometric methods and examining whether there are any apoptotic changes in the fetal kidney. To generate 5/6 nephrectomized model rats, animals underwent 2/3 left nephrectomy on gestation day (GD) 5 and total right nephrectomy on GD 12. The fetal kidneys were examined on GDs 16 and 22. A significant decrease in fetal body weight resulting from maternal 5/6 nephrectomy was observed on GD 16, and a significant decrease in fetal renal weight and fetal body weight caused by maternal nephrectomy was observed on GD 22. Maternal 5/6 nephrectomy induced a significant increase in glomerular number, proximal tubular length, and total proximal tubular volume of fetuses on GD 22. Maternal 5/6 nephrectomy resulted in an increase in the number of apoptotic cells in the metanephric mesenchyme of the kidney on GD 16, and in the collecting tubules on GD 22. These findings suggest that maternal 5/6 nephrectomy stimulates the development of the fetal kidney while suppressing fetal growth.

  4. Increased urinary lysophosphatidic acid in mouse with subtotal nephrectomy: potential involvement in chronic kidney disease.

    PubMed

    Mirzoyan, Koryun; Baïotto, Anna; Dupuy, Aude; Marsal, Dimitri; Denis, Colette; Vinel, Claire; Sicard, Pierre; Bertrand-Michel, Justine; Bascands, Jean-Loup; Schanstra, Joost P; Klein, Julie; Saulnier-Blache, Jean-Sébastien

    2016-12-01

    Increased incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with consecutive progression to end-stage renal disease represents a significant burden to healthcare systems. Renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) is a classical hallmark of CKD and is well correlated with the loss of renal function. The bioactive lysophospholipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), acting through specific G-protein-coupled receptors, was previously shown to be involved in TIF development in a mouse model of unilateral ureteral obstruction. Here, we study the role of LPA in a mouse subjected to subtotal nephrectomy (SNx), a more chronic and progressive model of CKD. Five months after surgical nephron reduction, SNx mice showed massive albuminuria, extensive TIF, and glomerular hypertrophy when compared to sham-operated animals. Urinary and plasma levels of LPA were analyzed using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. LPA was significantly increased in SNx urine, not in plasma, and was significantly correlated with albuminuria and TIF. Moreover, SNx mice showed significant downregulation in the renal expression of lipid phosphate phosphohydrolases (LPP1, 2, and 3) that might be involved in reduced LPA bioavailability through dephosphorylation. We concluded that SNx increases urinary LPA through a mechanism that could involve co-excretion of plasma LPA with albumin associated with a reduction of its catabolism in the kidney. Because of the previously demonstrated profibrotic activity of LPA, the association of urinary LPA with TIF suggests the potential involvement of LPA in the development of advanced CKD in the SNx mouse model. Targeting LPA metabolism might represent an interesting approach in CKD treatment.

  5. Targeting multiple pathways reduces renal and cardiac fibrosis in rats with subtotal nephrectomy followed by coronary ligation.

    PubMed

    Oosterhuis, N R; Bongartz, L G; Verhaar, M C; Cheng, C; Xu, Y J; van Koppen, A; Cramer, M J; Goldschmeding, R; Gaillard, C A; Doevendans, P A; Braam, B; Joles, J A

    2017-07-01

    Multiple interacting pathways contribute to progression of renal and cardiac damage in chronic kidney disease followed by chronic heart failure (renocardiac syndrome). We hypothesized that simultaneous pharmacological modulation of critical pathways implicated in renocardiac syndrome would effectively reduce fibrosis in and preserve function of heart and kidney. Rats were subjected to subtotal nephrectomy followed 9 weeks later by coronary artery ligation. From week 11 until week 16, rats received vehicle or losartan, or a combination of the NF-kB inhibitor PDTC, the NO donor molsidomine and superoxide dismutase mimetic tempol, or a combination of all four of these plus metoprolol together. At week 16, renal and cardiac structure, function and gene expression were assessed. Individual and combined treatments were similarly effective in limiting cardiac fibrosis and further decline in systolic function. Combined treatment with all five drugs reduced renal fibrosis and CTGF gene expression more effectively than other strategies. Combining all five drugs reduced heart rate, inotropy and mean arterial pressure (MAP). Thus, in our model of chronic renocardiac syndrome, combined treatments similarly decreased cardiac fibrosis and stabilized systolic function as losartan alone, perhaps suggesting a dominant role for a single factor such as angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor activation or inflammation in the network of aberrant systems in the heart. However, tubulointerstitial fibrosis was most effectively reduced by a five-drug regimen, pointing to additive effects of multiple pathophysiological pathways in the kidney. © 2016 Scandinavian Physiological Society. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Induction of AMPK activity corrects early pathophysiological alterations in the subtotal nephrectomy model of chronic kidney disease.

    PubMed

    Satriano, Joseph; Sharma, Kumar; Blantz, Roland C; Deng, Aihua

    2013-09-01

    The rat kidney ablation and infarction (A/I) model of subtotal or 5/6th nephrectomy is the most commonly studied model of nondiabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD). The A/I kidney at 1 wk exhibits reductions in kidney function, as determined by glomerular filtration rate, and diminished metabolic efficiency as determined by oxygen consumption per sodium transport (QO2/TNa). As renoprotective AMPK activity is affected by metabolic changes and cellular stress, we evaluated AMPK activity in this model system. We show that these early pathophysiological changes are accompanied by a paradoxical decrease in AMPK activity. Over time, these kidney parameters progressively worsen with extensive kidney structural, functional, metabolic, and fibrotic changes observed at 4 wk after A/I. We show that induction of AMPK activity with either metformin or 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide increases AMPK activity in this model and also corrects kidney metabolic inefficiency, improves kidney function, and ameliorates kidney fibrosis and structural alterations. We conclude that AMPK activity is reduced in the subtotal nephrectomy model of nondiabetic CKD, that altered regulation of AMPK is coincident with the progression of disease parameters, and that restoration of AMPK activity can suppress the progressive loss of function characteristic of this model. We propose that induction of AMPK activity may prove an effective therapeutic target for the treatment of nondiabetic CKD.

  7. Vascular reactivity to calcitonin gene-related peptide is enhanced in subtotal nephrectomy-salt induced hypertension

    PubMed Central

    Katki, Khurshed A.; Hein, Travis W.; Gupta, Prakash; Kuo, Lih; Dickerson, Ian M.; DiPette, Donald J.

    2011-01-01

    In subtotal nephrectomy (SN)- and salt-induced hypertension, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a compensatory role to attenuate the blood pressure increase in the absence of an increase in the neuronal synthesis and release of this peptide. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether the mechanism of this antihypertensive activity is through enhanced sensitivity of the vasculature to the dilator actions of this neuropeptide. Hypertension was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by SN and 1% saline drinking water. Control rats were sham-operated and given tap water to drink. After 11 days, rats had intravenous (drug administration) and arterial (continuous mean arterial pressure recording) catheters surgically placed and were studied in a conscious unrestrained state. Baseline mean arterial pressure was higher in the SN-salt rats (157 ± 5 mmHg) compared with controls (128 ± 3 mmHg). Administration of CGRP (and adrenomedullin) produced a significantly greater dose-dependent decrease in mean arterial pressure in SN-salt rats compared with controls (∼2.0-fold for both the low and high doses). Interestingly, isolated superior mesenteric arterioles from SN-salt rats were significantly more responsive to the dilator effects of CGRP (but not adenomedullin) than the controls (pEC50, SN-salt, 14.0 ± 0.1 vs. control, 12.0 ± 0.1). Analysis of the CGRP receptor proteins showed that only the receptor component protein was increased significantly in arterioles from SN-salt rats. These data indicate that the compensatory antihypertensive effects of CGRP result from an increased sensitivity of the vasculature to dilator activity of this peptide. The mechanism may be via the upregulation of receptor component protein, thereby providing a more efficient coupling of the receptor to the signal transduction pathways. PMID:21666123

  8. Subtotal nephrectomy plus coronary ligation leads to more pronounced damage in both organs than either nephrectomy or coronary ligation.

    PubMed

    Bongartz, Lennart G; Joles, Jaap A; Verhaar, Marianne C; Cramer, Maarten J; Goldschmeding, Roel; Tilburgs, Chantal; Gaillard, Carlo A; Doevendans, Pieter A; Braam, Branko

    2012-02-01

    Coexistence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and heart failure (HF) in humans is associated with poor outcome. We hypothesized that preexistent CKD worsens cardiac outcome after myocardial infarction, and conversely that ensuing HF worsens progression of CKD. Subtotally nephrectomized (SNX) or sham-operated (CON) rats were subjected to coronary ligation (CL) or sham surgery in week 9 to realize four groups: CON, SNX, CON + CL, and SNX + CL. Blood pressure and renal function were measured in weeks 8, 11, 13, and 15. In week 16, cardiac hemodynamics and end-organ damage were assessed. Blood pressure was significantly lower in SNX + CL vs. SNX. Despite this, glomerulosclerosis was more severe in SNX + CL vs. SNX. Two weeks after CL, SNX + CL had more cardiac dilatation compared with CON + CL (end-diastolic volume index: 0.28 ± 0.04 vs. 0.19 ± 0.03 ml/100 g body wt; mean ± SD, P < 0.001), although infarct size was similar. During follow-up in SNX + CL, ejection fraction declined. Mortality was only observed in SNX + CL (2 out of 9). In SNX + CL, end-diastolic pressure (18 ± 4 mmHg) and tau (29 ± 9 ms), the time constant of active relaxation, were significantly higher compared with SNX (13 ± 3 mmHg, 20 ± 4 ms; P < 0.01) and CON + CL (11 ± 5 mmHg, 17 ± 2 ms; P < 0.01). The diameter of small arterioles in the myocardium was significantly decreased in SNX + CL vs. CON + CL (P < 0.01). Urinary excretion of NO metabolites was significantly lower in SNX + CL compared with both CL and SNX. This study demonstrates the existence of more heart and more kidney damage in a new model of combined CKD and HF than in the individual models. Such enhanced damage appears to be separate from systemic hemodynamic changes. Reduced nitric oxide availability may have played a role in both worsened glomerulosclerosis and cardiac diastolic function and appears to be a connector in the cardiorenal syndrome.

  9. Subtotal nephrectomy inhibits the gastric emptying of liquid in awake rats

    PubMed Central

    da Graça, José Ronaldo Vasconcelos; Parente, Cynara Carvalho; Fiúza, Robério Ferreira; da Silva, Pedro Alberto Freitas; Mota, Bruno Teixeira; Salles, Luiz Derwal; Silva, Camila Meirelles de Souza; da Silva, Moisés Tolentino Bento; de Oliveira, Ricardo Brandt; dos Santos, Armenio Aguiar

    2015-01-01

    Homeostasis of blood volume (BV) is attained through a functional interaction between the cardiovascular and renal systems. The gastrointestinal tract also adjusts its permeability and motor behavior after acute BV imbalances. We evaluated the effect of progressive nephron loss on gut motility. Male Wistar rats were subjected or not (sham) to 5/6 partial nephrectomy (PNX) in two steps (0 and 7th day). After further 3, 7, or 14 days, PNX and sham operation (control) rats were instrumented to monitor mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), heart rate (HR), and blood collection for biochemical analysis. The next day, they were gavage fed with a liquid test meal (phenol red in glucose solution), and fractional dye recovery determined 10, 20, or 30 min later. The effect of nonhypotensive hypovolemia and the role of neuroautonomic pathways on PNX-induced gastric emptying (GE) delay were also evaluated. Compared with the sham-operated group, PNX rats exhibited higher (P < 0.05) MAP and CVP values as well as increased values of gastric dye recovery, phenomenon proportional to the BV values. Gastric retention was prevented by prior hypovolemia, bilateral subdiaphragmatic vagotomy, coelic ganglionectomy + splanchnicectomy, guanethidine, or atropine pretreatment. PNX also inhibited (P < 0.05) the marker's progression through the small intestine. In anesthetized rats, PNX increased (P < 0.05) gastric volume, measured by a balloon catheter in a barostat system. In conclusion, the progressive loss of kidney function delayed the GE rate, which may contribute to gut dysmotility complaints associated with severe renal failure. PMID:25677547

  10. Prevention against renal damage in rats with subtotal nephrectomy by sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696), a dual-acting angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor.

    PubMed

    Ushijima, Kentaro; Ando, Hitoshi; Arakawa, Yusuke; Aizawa, Kenichi; Suzuki, Chisato; Shimada, Ken; Tsuruoka, Shu-Ichi; Fujimura, Akio

    2017-08-01

    Although patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular events, adequate drug therapies for preventing the deterioration of these conditions are still not established. This study was undertaken to evaluate a preventive effect of an angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696), which is converted to sacubitril and valsartan in the body, against the progression of renal disease in rats with subtotal nephrectomy, an animal model of human CKD. Mean survival time after subtotal nephrectomy was about 100 days in Wistar rats with vehicle. LCZ696-(30 mg/kg) and valsartan-(15 mg/kg) prolonged the survival of these animals, and the effect of LCZ696 on survival was significantly greater than that of valsartan. Renoprotective effects of LCZ696 judged by serum creatinine and urinary protein excretions were larger than those of valsartan. Cardioprotective effects judged by cardiac left ventricular mass, fractional shortening, and fibrosis of LCZ696 and valsartan were not detected under the present condition. Thus, the renoprotective effect of LCZ696 was stronger than that of valsartan in rats with subtotal nephrectomy. This study provides the idea that, compared to valsartan, LCZ696 is more effective for the treatment of human CKD. © 2017 The Authors. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd, British Pharmacological Society and American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.

  11. Adverse cardiac effects of exogenous angiotensin 1-7 in rats with subtotal nephrectomy are prevented by ACE inhibition

    PubMed Central

    Griggs, Karen; Patel, Sheila K.

    2017-01-01

    We previously reported that exogenous angiotensin (Ang) 1–7 has adverse cardiac effects in experimental kidney failure due to its action to increase cardiac angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity. This study investigated if the addition of an ACE inhibitor (ACEi) to Ang 1–7 infusion would unmask any beneficial effects of Ang 1–7 on the heart in experimental kidney failure. Male Sprague–Dawley rats underwent subtotal nephrectomy (STNx) and were treated with vehicle, the ACEi ramipril (oral 1mg/kg/day), Ang 1–7 (subcutaneous 24 μg/kg/h) or dual therapy (all groups, n = 12). A control group (n = 10) of sham-operated rats were also studied. STNx led to hypertension, renal impairment, cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and increased both left ventricular ACE2 activity and ACE binding. STNx was not associated with changes in plasma levels of ACE, ACE2 or angiotensin peptides. Ramipril reduced blood pressure, improved cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis and inhibited cardiac ACE. Ang 1–7 infusion increased blood pressure, cardiac interstitial fibrosis and cardiac ACE binding compared to untreated STNx rats. Although in STNx rats, the addition of ACEi to Ang 1–7 prevented any deleterious cardiac effects of Ang 1–7, a limitation of the study is that the large increase in plasma Ang 1–7 with ramipril may have masked any effect of infused Ang 1–7. PMID:28192475

  12. Effect of tocopherol on atherosclerosis, vascular function, and inflammation in apolipoprotein E knockout mice with subtotal nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Shing, Cecilia M; Fassett, Robert G; Peake, Jonathan M; Coombes, Jeff S

    2014-12-01

    Inflammation and endothelial dysfunction contribute to cardiovascular disease, prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Antioxidant supplements such as tocopherols may reduce inflammation and atherosclerosis. This study aimed to investigate the effect of tocopherol supplementation on vascular function, aortic plaque formation, and inflammation in apolipoprotein E(-/-) mice with 5/6 nephrectomy as a model of combined cardiovascular and kidney disease. Nephrectomized mice were assigned to a normal chow diet group (normal chow), a group receiving 1000 mg/kg diet of α-tocopherol supplementation or a group receiving 1000 mg/kg diet mixed-tocopherol (60% γ-tocopherol). Following 12 weeks, in vitro aortic endothelial-independent relaxation was enhanced with both α-tocopherol and mixed-tocopherol (P < 0.05), while mixed-tocopherol enhanced aortic contraction at noradrenaline concentrations of 3 × 10(-7) M to 3 × 10(-5) M (P < 0.05), when compared to normal chow. Supplementation with α- and mixed-tocopherol reduced systemic concentrations of IL-6 (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively) and IL-10 (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001, respectively), while α-tocopherol also reduced MCP-1 (P < 0.05) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (P < 0.05). Aortic sinus plaque area was significantly reduced with α-tocopherol supplementation when compared to normal chow (P < 0.01). Tocopherol supplementation favorably influenced vascular function and cytokine profile, while it was also effective in reducing atherosclerosis in the apolipoprotein E(-/-) mouse with CKD. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. The effect of Mastin® on expression of Nrf2 in the rat heart with subtotally nephrectomy chronic Kidney disease model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nathania, J.; Soetikno, V.

    2017-08-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly prevalent in Indonesia and worldwide. One of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in CKD is the complication of cardiovascular disease. Mastin® is a supplement that is locally produced in Indonesia and is made from extract of mangosteen pericarp, which is reported to have antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antitumor properties. The present study aimed to investigate whether Mastin® could improve antioxidant responses in the rat heart during CKD by measuring the expression of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf)2, a master regulator of antioxidant response elements. RNA was extracted from the heart tissue of three groups of rats: a normal group, a nephrectomy group, and a nephrectomy with Mastin® group. Two-step real-time RT-PCR was then conducted to calculate the relative expression of the Nrf2 gene. Nrf2 expression was markedly decreased in the nephrectomy group vs the normal group, but slightly increas ed in the nephrectomy with Mastin® group vs the nephrectomy group. CKD resulted in impaired activation of the Nrf2 pathway in the rat heart. Although the administration of Mastin® slightly increased Nrf2 expression, it was not enough to confer cardioprotective effects through the Nrf2 pathway.

  14. Role of partial nephrectomy as cytoreduction in the management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Karam, J A; Babaian, K N; Tannir, N M; Matin, S F; Wood, C G

    2015-06-01

    In this review, we describe the role, feasibility and safety of partial nephrectomy in the setting of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Partial nephrectomy is currently the preferred therapeutic modality in patients with localized renal tumors, while radical cytoreductive nephrectomy is the standard of care for appropriately selected patients with metastatic disease. Several studies have shown the prognostic value of percentage tumor removed when cytoreductive nephrectomy is done. This concept of percentage tumor removal and the associated benefit should also be applied when considering patients for cytoreductive partial nephrectomy; however, the potential adverse events after partial nephrectomy should be kept in mind, as these, when they occur, could delay time to starting systemic therapy. Several small retrospective studies have shown the feasibility of this approach in carefully selected patient groups. In well-selected patients with metastatic disease and primary tumors that are amenable to nephron sparing approaches, partial nephrectomy could offer an alternative to radical nephrectomy, with manageable adverse events, and good renal functional outcomes. Preserving renal function in this population could allow these patients to participate in clinical trial that they otherwise might not qualify for.

  15. The role of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in renal transplantation.

    PubMed

    Eng, Mary

    2010-04-01

    Renal transplantation is an effective treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease. Unfortunately, the number of patients waiting for transplantation greatly exceeds the number of suitable organs. Use of live kidney donors can increase the donor pool. Historically, donor nephrectomy was performed as an open technique. Its associated prolonged convalescence and long-term morbidity was likely a disincentive to donate. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, however, has been shown to have fewer long-term complications without compromising graft function. Since its inception, there has been an increase in the number of live donor renal transplantations performed.

  16. Malignant Hypertension Revisited: The Role of Bilateral Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Cruz, Iluminado; Callender, Clive O.; Cummings, Yvonne; Dillard, Martin; Hosten, Adrian; Stevens, Joel

    1980-01-01

    Hypertension is the leading cause of renal failure in this dialysis and transplant center. When malignant hypertension is encountered, the symptom complex of cachexia and failure to thrive highlights its clinical presentation. The courses of 32 black renal hypertensive patients studied retrospectively demonstrated this symptom complex as well as prolongation of survival, when bilateral nephrectomy and renal transplantation were used as definitive treatment. PMID:6991710

  17. Subtotal laryngectomy.

    PubMed

    Pearson, B W

    1981-11-01

    A subtotal laryngectomy may meet the requirements of adequate tumor resection in many patients who normally would undergo total laryngectomy. The uninvolved column of innervated endolarynx sacrificed at total laryngectomy to separate the airway and the food way can be preserved to valve a speaking shunt. Such a shunt remains patent and sphincteric without the use of a prosthesis an offers consistent advantages over "post-total" laryngectomy reconstructions. This report describes the principles of subtotal laryngectomy applied in 16 patients with laryngeal or pharyngeal carcinoma. The technique ensures entry into the larynx through tumor-free soft tissues and keeps the tumor margins under direct vision thereafter. During follow-up ranging from 6 months to 6 years, fistula speech has been retained and no local tumor has recurred.

  18. The Role of Nephrectomy for Kidney Cancer in the Era of Targeted and Immune Therapies.

    PubMed

    Vaishampayan, Ulka N

    2016-01-01

    Although two phase III trials support the recommendation of nephrectomy followed by interferon alpha in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), this procedure cannot be applied to every patient with this condition. Systemic therapy has changed from interferon alpha to antiangiogenic-targeted therapy, and the clinical impact of nephrectomy in the era of targeted therapy has not been proven. The SEER database shows that only 35% of patients with advanced RCC undergo nephrectomy as their initial treatment. Retrospective studies showed improved overall survival (OS) outcomes with nephrectomy and interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy; however, the inherent selection bias of younger and healthier patients receiving IL-2 likely accounts for this finding. Neoadjuvant therapy has demonstrated only modest efficacy in unresectable disease, and if remission is obtained with systemic therapy, it is unclear whether nephrectomy has any incremental benefit. In the absence of proven benefit of nephrectomy in the setting of targeted therapy, it seems advisable for patients with RCC with severely symptomatic disease, competing comorbidities, poor performance status, or unresectable disease to avoid nephrectomy and proceed directly to systemic therapy. The clinical implications of deferred cytoreductive nephrectomy for patients with metastatic RCC are poorly understood, and patient cohorts that do not undergo this procedure are likely to be comprised of patients with unfavorable disease characteristics. Unfortunately, the completed trials of targeted therapy were 90% comprised of patients with prior nephrectomy (the majority of trials incorporate prior nephrectomy as an eligibility requirement) and hence may not reflect the outcomes of the majority of the patients with advanced RCC who have not undergone nephrectomy. Newer therapies such as nivolumab and cabozantinib have also been evaluated for a population in which 90% of the patients underwent nephrectomy. Future clinical trials and registry

  19. The role of the assistant during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: does experience matter?

    PubMed

    Potretzke, Aaron M; Knight, Brent A; Brockman, John A; Vetter, Joel; Figenshau, Robert S; Bhayani, Sam B; Benway, Brian M

    2016-06-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate surgical outcomes with respect to the experience level of the bedside assistant during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. A retrospective review was conducted of a prospectively maintained database of 414 consecutive robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomies performed by experienced robotic surgeons at our institution from April 2011 to September 2014. A senior-level assistant was defined as a resident in his or her post-graduate year (PGY) 4 or 5, or a fellow. Junior-level assistants were considered to be PGY-2, PGY-3, or a nurse first assistant. Multivariate analyses were performed using linear, Poisson, and logistic regression models. There were 115 junior-level cases and 299 senior-level cases. On univariate analysis, the experience level of the assistant had no impact on operative time (168 for junior level vs. 163 min for senior level, p = 0.656). Likewise, there were no differences between the junior- and senior-level groups with regard to warm ischemia time (21.3 vs. 20.9 min, p = 0.843), negative margin status (111/115 (96.5 %) vs. 280/299 (93.6 %), p = 0.340), or postoperative complications (17/115 (14.8 %) vs. 35/299 (11.7 %), p = 0.408). After multivariate analysis, operative time was associated with increased body mass index and tumor size (both p < 0.001), but not with resident experience level (p = 0.051). Estimated blood loss and postoperative complications were also not associated with the PGY of the assistant (p = 0.488 and p = 0.916, respectively). Despite common concern, the PGY status of a physician trainee serving as the bedside assistant does not appear to influence the outcomes of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy at a high-volume center.

  20. Differentiation of chronic total occlusion and subtotal occlusion of the femoropopliteal artery-role of retrograde flow sign and collateral circulation on CT angiography images.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Shujun; Su, Yanfei; Chen, Haisong

    2017-08-01

    To study the value of a retrograde flow sign and the collateral circulation on CT angiography (CTA) for the differential diagnosis of chronic total occlusion from subtotal occlusion of the femoropopliteal artery (FPA). 50 patients with obstruction of the FPA underwent CTA and digital subtraction angiography examinations of the lower limbs. The frequency of a retrograde flow sign and collateral circulation on CTA in chronic total and subtotal occlusion was noted and analyzed, with the results of digital subtraction angiography as a standard to judge total or subtotal occlusion. The decreasing CT value from the distal to proximal direction on CTA suggests the existence of retrograde flow. There were significant differences in the occurrence rates of a retrograde flow sign on CTA in the chronic total and subtotal obstruction groups (X(2) = 13.1, p < 0.05), as well as a collateral circulation sign (X(2) = 13.5, p < 0.05). Employing both the retrograde flow sign and the collateral circulation sign to diagnose chronic total obstruction of the FPA had a sensitivity of 92.3% and specificity of 89.8%. The retrograde flow sign combined with a collateral circulation sign is of great clinical value for differentiation of chronic total stenosis from severe stenosis (subtotal occlusion) of the FPA. Advances in knowledge: A retrograde flow sign combined with a collateral circulation sign is of great clinical value to differentiate between chronic total stenosis and severe stenosis (subtotal occlusion) of the FPA.

  1. Nephrectomy (Kidney Removal)

    MedlinePlus

    ... urologic surgeon may perform a nephrectomy through a single incision in the abdomen or side (open nephrectomy) or through a series of small incisions in the abdomen using a camera and small instruments (laparoscopic nephrectomy). In some cases, these laparoscopic procedures are ...

  2. Epiglottic reconstruction and subtotal laryngectomy.

    PubMed

    Schechter, G L

    1983-06-01

    Vertical hemilaryngectomy has been expanded aggressively in recent years so that, in some cases, the term subtotal laryngectomy would be more appropriate. Reconstruction after these extended resections is a problem. Intraluminal stenting has not been successful in cases where resection has been aggressive. The resulting lumen is inadequate. As a means of overcoming this problem, the epiglottic reconstruction procedure has been promoted. This paper presents experiences with 12 patients who underwent epiglottic reconstruction after subtotal laryngectomy. Indications, anatomic details, and overall results using this reconstructive technique are outlined. It is the conclusion of the author that epiglottic reconstruction is an effective procedure for preservation of function after subtotal laryngectomy.

  3. The role of revision surgery and adjuvant therapy following subtotal resection of osteosarcoma of the spine: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Shankar, Ganesh M; Clarke, Michelle J; Ailon, Tamir; Rhines, Laurence D; Patel, Shreyaskumar R; Sahgal, Arjun; Laufer, Ilya; Chou, Dean; Bilsky, Mark H; Sciubba, Daniel M; Fehlings, Michael G; Fisher, Charles G; Gokaslan, Ziya L; Shin, John H

    2017-07-01

    OBJECTIVE Primary osteosarcoma of the spine is a rare osseous neoplasm. While previously reported retrospective studies have demonstrated that overall patient survival is impacted mostly by en bloc resection and chemotherapy, the continued management of residual disease remains to be elucidated. This systematic review was designed to address the role of revision surgery and multimodal adjuvant therapy in cases in which en bloc excision is not initially achieved. METHODS A systematic literature search spanning the years 1966 to 2015 was performed on PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, and Web of Science to identify reports describing outcomes of patients who underwent biopsy alone, neurological decompression, or intralesional resection for osteosarcoma of the spine. Studies were reviewed qualitatively, and the clinical course of individual patients was aggregated for quantitative meta-analysis. RESULTS A total of 16 studies were identified for inclusion in the systematic review, of which 8 case reports were summarized qualitatively. These studies strongly support the role of chemotherapy for overall survival and moderately support adjuvant radiation therapy for local control. The meta-analysis revealed a statistically significant benefit in overall survival for performing revision tumor debulking (p = 0.01) and also for chemotherapy at relapse (p < 0.01). Adjuvant radiation therapy was associated with longer survival, although this did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS While the initial therapeutic goal in the management of osteosarcoma of the spine is neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by en bloc marginal resection, this objective is not always achievable given anatomical constraints and other limitations at the time of initial clinical presentation. This systematic review supports the continued aggressive use of revision surgery and multimodal adjuvant therapy when possible to improve outcomes in patients who initially undergo subtotal debulking of

  4. Acute Kidney Injury after Partial Nephrectomy: Role of Parenchymal Mass Reduction and Ischemia and Impact on Subsequent Functional Recovery.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhiling; Zhao, Juping; Dong, Wen; Remer, Eric; Li, Jianbo; Demirjian, Sevag; Zabell, Joseph; Campbell, Steven C

    2016-04-01

    Acute increase of serum creatinine (SCr) after partial nephrectomy (PN) is primarily due to parenchymal mass reduction or ischemia; however, only ischemia can impact subsequent functional recovery. We evaluate etiologies of acute kidney injury (AKI) after PN and their prognostic significance. From 2007-2014, 83 solitary kidneys managed with PN had necessary studies for detailed analysis of function and parenchymal mass before/after surgery. AKI was classified by Risk/Injury/Failure/Loss/Endstage classification and defined by either standard criteria (comparison to preoperative SCr) or proposed criteria (comparison to projected postoperative SCr based on parenchymal mass reduction). Subsequent recovery was defined as percent function preserved/percent mass saved. PN. Predictive factors for AKI were evaluated by logistic regression. Relationship between AKI grade and subsequent functional recovery was assessed by linear regression. Median duration warm ischemia (n=39) was 20 min and hypothermia (n=44) was 29 min. Median parenchymal mass reduction was 11%. AKI occurred in 45 patients based on standard criteria and 38 based on proposed criteria, and reflected injury/failure (grade = 2/3) in 23 and 16 patients, respectively. On multivariable analysis, only ischemia time associated with AKI occurrence (p=0.016). Based on the proposed criteria, median recovery from ischemia was 99% in patients without AKI and 95%/90%/88% for patients with grades 1/2/3 AKI, respectively. The coefficient for association between AKI grade based on proposed criteria and subsequent functional recovery was -4.168 (p=0.018). Main limitation is limited patient cohort. Parenchymal mass reduction and ischemia both contribute to acute changes in SCr after PN. Classification of AKI by proposed criteria significantly associates with subsequent functional recovery. However, more robust numbers will be needed to further assess the merits of the proposed criteria. While AKI is associated with suboptimal

  5. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: Superiority over laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Shiroki, Ryoichi; Fukami, Naohiko; Fukaya, Kosuke; Kusaka, Mamoru; Natsume, Takahiro; Ichihara, Takashi; Toyama, Hiroshi

    2016-02-01

    Nephron-sparing surgery has been proven to positively impact the postoperative quality of life for the treatment of small renal tumors, possibly leading to functional improvements. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is still one of the most demanding procedures in urological surgery. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy sometimes results in extended warm ischemic time and severe complications, such as open conversion, postoperative hemorrhage and urine leakage. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy exploits the advantages offered by the da Vinci Surgical System to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, equipped with 3-D vision and a better degree in the freedom of surgical instruments. The introduction of the da Vinci Surgical System made nephron-sparing surgery, specifically robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, safe with promising results, leading to the shortening of warm ischemic time and a reduction in perioperative complications. Even for complex and challenging tumors, robotic assistance is expected to provide the benefit of minimally-invasive surgery with safe and satisfactory renal function. Warm ischemic time is the modifiable factor during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy to affect postoperative kidney function. We analyzed the predictive factors for extended warm ischemic time from our robot-assisted partial nephrectomy series. The surface area of the tumor attached to the kidney parenchyma was shown to significantly affect the extended warm ischemic time during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. In cases with tumor-attached surface area more than 15 cm(2) , we should consider switching robot-assisted partial nephrectomy to open partial nephrectomy under cold ischemia if it is imperative. In Japan, a nationwide prospective study has been carried out to show the superiority of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in improving warm ischemic time and complications. By facilitating robotic technology, robot-assisted partial nephrectomy

  6. Subtotal laryngectomy with myomucosal shunt.

    PubMed

    Chandrachud, H R; Chaurasia, M K; Sinha, K P

    1989-05-01

    This is a modified subtotal laryngectomy. On the tumour-free side of the larynx, some posterior structures, with their neurovascular supply are preserved. The endolaryngeal mucosa is tubed in continuity with the trachea below and projects into the pharynx above. Thus a myomucosal shunt is formed. Air is directed into it by finger occlusion of the tracheal stoma. The voice production is highly satisfactory. Aspiration is prevented by constriction of the thyroarytenoid muscle which provides a valved upper end of the tube. The possibility of leaving tumour in the laryngeal remnant is eliminated by careful selection of patients, and re-confirmation of tumour extent intra-operatively and a frozen section. Eleven such operations have been performed since October 1983 for squamous cell carcinoma, some previously irradiated. None of the patients had local recurrence. Only one had an aspiration problem which later resolved. All acquired a satisfactory voice.

  7. Urinary biomarkers after donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Hoogendijk-van den Akker, Judith M; Warlé, Michiel C; van Zuilen, Arjan D; Kloke, Heinrich J; Wever, Kim E; d'Ancona, Frank C H; Ӧzdemir, Denise M D; Wetzels, Jack F M; Hoitsma, Andries J

    2015-05-01

    As the beginning of living-donor kidney transplantation, physicians have expressed concern about the possibility that unilateral nephrectomy can be harmful to a healthy individual. To investigate whether the elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy causes early damage to the remaining kidney, we evaluated urine biomarkers after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. We measured albumin and alpha-1-microglobulin (α-1-MGB) in urine samples collected during and after open and laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy and colectomy. Additionally, kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were measured in urine samples collected during and after laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and colectomy. The same biomarkers were studied in patients randomly assigned to standard or low IAP during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. We observed a peak in urinary albumin excretion during all procedures. Urine α-1-MGB rose in the postoperative period with a peak on the third postoperative day after donor nephrectomy. Urine α-1-MGB did not increase after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and colectomy. After laparoscopic nephrectomy, we observed slight increases in urine KIM-1 during surgery and in urine NGAL at day 2-3 after the procedure. After laparoscopic colectomy, both KIM-1 and NGAL were increased in the postoperative period. There were no differences between the high- and low-pressure procedure. Elevated urinary α-1-MGB suggests kidney damage after donor nephrectomy, occurring irrespective of IAP during the laparoscopic procedure.

  8. A virtual-reality subtotal tonsillectomy simulator.

    PubMed

    Ruthenbeck, G S; Tan, S B; Carney, A S; Hobson, J C; Reynolds, K J

    2012-07-01

    To develop a virtual-reality subtotal tonsillectomy simulation for surgical training. Computer models of a male patient's head and throat, and the surgical instrument, were created. These models were combined with custom-built simulation software. Recently developed tissue simulation technology that exploits recent developments in programmable graphics processing units was used to model tonsillar tissue in a way that allows surgical interaction whilst providing accurate tactile feedback. Current real-time rendering techniques were used to provide realistic visuals. Iterative refinements were made to the simulation, and in particular the tissue simulation, in consultation with relevantly experienced surgeons. We have used newly developed tissue simulation technology to developed a novel virtual-reality subtotal tonsillectomy simulation for surgical training, the first of its kind. Early feedback suggests that this simulator can help surgeons to rapidly acquire subtotal tonsillectomy surgical skills in a risk-free and realistic virtual environment.

  9. Unilateral nephrectomy in 10 cattle.

    PubMed

    Vogel, Susan R; Desrochers, André; Babkine, Marie; Mulon, Pierre-Yves; Nichols, Sylvain

    2011-02-01

    To describe clinical and imaging findings, treatment, and long-term outcome of cattle undergoing unilateral nephrectomy. Case series. Cattle (n=10). Medical records (January 1991-August 2008) of cattle that had unilateral nephrectomy were reviewed. Follow-up data were obtained by owner telephone interview. Nephrectomy was performed without surgical complications. Transient increases in blood urea nitrogen and creatinine concentrations occurred after surgery and then returned to, or below, presurgical values in 9 cattle. Nine cows were discharged and 7 rejoined their respective herd as productive animals without long-term complications. Ultrasonography was the most useful imaging tool for presurgical diagnosis. Based on our follow-up data, unilateral nephrectomy resulted in few serious short-term or long-term complications, and cattle undergoing this procedure are capable of satisfactory growth, reproduction, and milk production after surgery. © Copyright 2011 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  10. Laparoendoscopic single-site donor nephrectomy (LESS-DN) versus standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Ameet; Ahmed, Kamran; Kynaston, Howard G; Dasgupta, Prokar; Chlosta, Piotr L; Aboumarzouk, Omar M

    2016-05-27

    .14). Pain scores at discharge were significantly less in the LESS-DN group (2 studies, 79 participants: MD -1.19, 95% CI -2.17 to -0.21). For all other outcomes (length of hospital stay; length of time to return to normal activities; blood transfusions; conversion to another form of surgery; warm ischaemia time; total analgesic requirement; graft loss) there were no significant differences observed.Although risk of bias was assessed as low overall, one study was assessed at high risk of attrition bias. Given the small number and size of included studies it is uncertain whether LESS-DN is better than laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Well designed and adequately powered RCTs are needed to better define the role of LESS-DN as a minimally invasive option for kidney donor surgery.

  11. [Modification in subtotal laryngectomy with epiglottoplasty].

    PubMed

    Rosique Arias, M; Hellín Meseguer, D; Albaladejo Devis, I

    2001-05-01

    We describe the modification in one of the passages of the technique of subtotal laryngectomy with epiglottoplasty, consisting of the opening of larynx through the thyroid membrane. This maneuver improves the visualization of the tumor facilitating the time of its removal and later reconstruction.

  12. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Deger, S; Giessing, M; Roigas, J; Wille, A H; Lein, M; Schönberger, B; Loening, S A

    2005-01-01

    Laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (LDN) has removed disincentives of potential donors and may bear the potential to increase kidney donation. Multiple modifications have been made to abbreviate the learning curve while at the same time guarantee the highest possible level of medical quality for donor and recipient. We reviewed the literature for the evolution of the different LDN techniques and their impact on donor, graft and operating surgeon, including the subtleties of different surgical accesses, vessel handling and organ extraction. We performed a literature search (PubMed, DIMDI, medline) to evaluate the development of the LDN techniques from 1995 to 2003. Today more than 200 centres worldwide perform LDN. Hand-assistance has led to a spread of LDN. Studies comparing open and hand-assisted LDN show a reduction of operating and warm ischaemia times for the hand-assisted LDN. Different surgical access sites (trans- or retroperitoneal), different vessel dissection approaches, donor organ delivery techniques, delivery sites and variations of hand-assistance techniques reflect the evolution of LDN. Proper techniques and their combination for the consecutive surgical steps minimize both warm ischaemia time and operating time while offering the donor a safe minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure. LDN has breathed new life into the moribund field of living kidney donation. Within a few years LDN could become the standard approach in living kidney donation. Surgeons working in this field must be trained thoroughly and well acquainted with the subtleties of the different LDN techniques and their respective advantages and disadvantages.

  13. Is laparoscopic partial nephrectomy already the gold standard for small renal masses?.

    PubMed

    Power, Nicholas E; Silberstein, Jonathan L; Touijer, Karim

    2013-01-01

    To examine the role of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in the management of small renal masses. We searched MEDLINE (through March 2012) using PubMed, the Cochrane Central Search Library (though March 2012), and Web of Science (through March 2012). We retrieved citations using the text terms "small renal mass," "laparoscopic," "partial nephrectomy,"and "radical nephrectomy." We limited the search to articles in the English language, to T1a renal tumors, and expanded the search using the related articles function. We also performed hand searches of references identified in electronically abstracted articles. There is a paucity of well conducted clinical trials to elucidate laparoscopic partial nephrectomy's role. A number of assumptions had to be made to complete the review. Other than possibly less operative blood loss, less operative time, less inpatient stay time, and less cost, there was insufficient evidence to support laparoscopic partial nephrectomy over other modalities. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy appears to have a higher rate of radical nephrectomy conversion. There is insufficient evidence to clearly state that laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is the gold standard in the management of small renal masses. If this skill is part of a surgeon's armamentarium, it is certainly not inferior to other modalities, and may offer some benefit to patients.

  14. Open partial nephrectomy in renal cell cancer - Essential or obsolete?

    PubMed

    Anastasiadis, Eleni; O'Brien, Timothy; Fernando, Archana

    2016-12-01

    Since the first partial nephrectomy was first conducted 131 years ago, the procedure has evolved into the gold standard treatment for small renal masses. Over the past decade, with the introduction of minimally invasive surgery, open partial nephrectomy still retains a valuable role in the treatment of complex tumours in challenging clinical situations (e.g. hereditary renal cancer or single kidneys), and enables surgeons to push the boundaries of nephron-sparing surgery. In this article, we consider the origin of the procedure and how it has evolved over the past century, the surgical techniques involved, and the oncological and functional outcomes.

  15. [Subtotal colectomy with ceco-rectal anastomosis].

    PubMed

    Messinetti, S; Giacomelli, L; Pulcini, A; Fabrizio, G; Finizio, R; Granai, A V

    1994-01-01

    A case of subtotal colectomy cecoproctostomy for multiple lesions of the colon is introduced. This procedure has advantages over ileoproctostomy because it spares the terminal ileum, ileocecal junction and cecum. Due to the high incidence of bowel movements after the ileoproctostomy operation, the authors recommend cecoproctostomy as a valid choice in a selectioned group of patients with multiple or extended lesions that spares cecum and rectum.

  16. Ex vivo ultrasound control of resection margins during partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Doerfler, Arnaud; Cerantola, Yannick; Meuwly, Jean-Yves; Lhermitte, Benoît; Bensadoun, Henri; Jichlinski, Patrice

    2011-12-01

    Surgery remains the treatment of choice for localized renal neoplasms. While radical nephrectomy was long considered the gold standard, partial nephrectomy has equivalent oncological results for small tumors. The role of negative surgical margins continues to be debated. Intraoperative frozen section analysis is expensive and time-consuming. We assessed the feasibility of intraoperative ex vivo ultrasound of resection margins in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy and its correlation with margin status on definitive pathological evaluation. A study was done at 2 institutions from February 2008 to March 2011. Patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for T1-T2 renal tumors were included in analysis. Partial nephrectomy was done by a standardized minimal healthy tissue margin technique. After resection the specimen was kept in saline and tumor margin status was immediately determined by ex vivo ultrasound. Sequential images were obtained to evaluate the whole tumor pseudocapsule. Results were compared with margin status on definitive pathological evaluation. A total of 19 men and 14 women with a mean ± SD age of 62 ± 11 years were included in analysis. Intraoperative ex vivo ultrasound revealed negative surgical margins in 30 cases and positive margins in 2 while it could not be done in 1. Final pathological results revealed negative margins in all except 1 case. Ultrasound sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 97%, respectively. Median ultrasound duration was 1 minute. Mean tumor and margin size was 3.6 ± 2.2 cm and 1.5 ± 0.7 mm, respectively. Intraoperative ex vivo ultrasound of resection margins in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy is feasible and efficient. Large sample studies are needed to confirm its promising accuracy to determine margin status. Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Current status of robotic laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Komninos, Christos; Tuliao, Patrick; Rha, Koon Ho

    2014-10-01

    Robotic laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy is increasingly carried out in an attempt to improve the cosmetic outcome of minimally-invasive procedures. However, the actual role of this novel technique remains to be determined. The present article reviews evidence and examines updates of robotic laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy outcomes reported in more contemporary studies. A comprehensive online systematic search of PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses criteria recommendations was carried out in January 2014, identifying data from 2008 to 2014 regarding robotic laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy. The majority of medical evidence to date is based on case reports or retrospective studies. Current studies show that robotic laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy is a feasible procedure carried out in an acceptable length of operative time, and resulting in a desirable cosmetic outcome and less postoperative pain. However, comparable studies show that robotic laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy is inferior to the conventional approach, especially with regard to warm ischemia time. Furthermore, the numerous limitations that exist with the utilization of the current commercial single-site devices make robotic laparoendoscopic single-site PN more challenging and more complicated for surgeons compared with conventional procedures. Further significant improvements, along with more studies, are required in order to develop the ideal robotic laparoendoscopic single-site robotic platform and overcome the current limitations. For the time being, robotic laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy procedures could be applicable in patients with low tumor size and complexity, and should not be routinely applied in all cases.

  18. Endoscopic Subtotal Fasciectomy of the Foot.

    PubMed

    Lui, Tun Hing

    2016-12-01

    Plantar fibromatosis is a rare benign but often locally aggressive tumor of the plantar aponeurosis. Nonsurgical treatment is the first line of treatment for symptomatic lesions. Because of the high recurrence rate associated with surgical treatment, operation is indicated only when the lesions are highly symptomatic and conservative measures fail or the diagnosis is in question. The purpose of this technical note is to report the details of endoscopic subtotal fasciectomy. This may reduce the risks of skin necrosis and dehiscence, infection, and formation of painful hypertrophic scars.

  19. Outlining the limits of partial nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Chopra, Sameer; Satkunasivam, Raj; Kundavaram, Chandan; Liang, Gangning

    2015-01-01

    Amongst nephron-sparing modalities, partial nephrectomy (PN) is the standard of care in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Despite the increasing utilization of PN, particularly propagated by robot-assisted, minimally invasive approaches for small renal masses (SRMs), the limits of PN appear to be also evolving. In this review, we sought to address the tumour stage beyond which PN may be oncologically perilous. While the evidence supports PN in the treatment of tumours < pT2a, PN may have a role in advanced or metastatic RCC. Other scenarios wherein PN has limited utility are also explored, including anatomical or surgical factors that dictate the difficulty of the case, such as prior renal surgery. Lastly, we discuss the emerging role of molecular biomarkers, specifically epigenetics, to aid in the risk stratification of SRMs and to select tumours optimally suited for PN. PMID:26236649

  20. [Histopathological evaluation of the subtotal laryngectomy specimen].

    PubMed

    García-Sánchez, Manuel; Romero-Durán, Elizabeth; Mantilla-Morales, Alejandra; Gallegos-Hernández, José Francisco

    2015-01-01

    The goal of conservative surgical treatment of laryngeal cancer is to obtain oncological control with preservation of laryngeal function. The concept of laryngeal function preservation should be understood as the preservation of the patient's ability to breathe normally with neither tracheostomy nor aspiration, and maintaining intelligible speech. This can be achieved by a balance between two fundamental aspects, proper patient selection (based on tumour extension and preoperative laryngeal function), and an adequate histopathological analysis of the surgical specimen. Supracricoid subtotal laryngectomy is the voice conservative surgical technique that offers the best possibility of control in patients with locally advanced laryngeal cancer. The proper histopathological analysis allows staging and selecting patients for adjuvant therapy, avoiding unnecessary ones as well as designing monitoring and surveillance programs based on risk factors. To highlight key points in the histopathological evaluation of the surgical specimen of a subtotal laryngectomy. The proper communication between the surgeon and pathologist, offering complete information on preoperative clinical evaluation and the knowledge of the key points in the evaluation of the surgical specimen (sites of tumour leakage and surgical resection margins) are fundamental parameters to achieve a proper histopathological evaluation of the surgical specimen. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  1. Functional restoration after subtotal glossectomy and laryngectomy.

    PubMed

    Mitrani, M; Krespi, Y P

    1988-01-01

    Extensive resection of carcinoma that involves the tongue base and supraglottic larynx is accompanied by significant potential morbidity and mortality. This is often indicated by poor rates of cure and the limited palliation afforded by radiotherapy alone. Removal of a significant portion of the posterior tongue frequently results in intractable aspiration. Techniques in reconstruction of the oropharyngeal defect and tongue base have included primary closure, random flaps, and myocutaneous flaps. Each of these techniques has been successful, to some degree, in resurfacing pharyngeal defects. However, the functional results in regard to deglutition are less than satisfactory as a result of aspiration. Frequently, simultaneous or delayed total laryngectomy is performed to deal with the pulmonary complications. Various types of laryngoplasty do not uniformly correct the problems of aspiration and deglutition associated with subtotal glossectomy. Our experience includes eight patients who had advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue base, vallecula, and the supraglottic larynx. All patients underwent partial or subtotal glossectomy and laryngectomy. The mucosal defect was reconstructed with pectoralis myocutaneous flap. In order to reestablish voice, a primary tracheopharyngeal shunt was created with the use of a portion of cricoid and upper trachea. The majority of these patients have had successful rehabilitation of deglutition, mastication, and speech.

  2. Management of women requesting subtotal hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Maina, William C; Morris, Edward P

    2010-12-01

    Subtotal hysterectomy (SH), which is also referred to as supracervical hysterectomy, is a common gynaecological procedure in which the uterus is removed and the cervix is retained. There is continuing debate about the advantages and disadvantages of SH compared with total abdominal hysterectomy. Persistent vaginal bleeding and the need for continued cervical screening appear to be the main disadvantages of SH. The procedure is often combined with removal of the ovaries. Women should be counselled appropriately prior to removal of their ovaries. Following an internal audit of practice of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) prescription within our own unit, we discovered that there were inconsistencies in the prescription of HRT following SH which led us to investigate this matter further. We concluded that evidence is lacking to guide HRT prescription following SH and bilateral oophorectomy and propose content that can help produce guidelines for the counselling of women prior to SH and prescription of HRT.

  3. [Rare late complication after subtotal esophagectomy].

    PubMed

    Farsang, Z; Vörös, A; Szántó, I; Gonda, G; Ender, F; Altorjay, A

    2001-06-01

    We report a case of a peptic ulcer developed in the stomach tube used for the replacement of the esophagus. The patient was a 60 years old female who had undergone subtotal esophagectomy for mid esophageal malignancy, with intrapleural stomach replacement. Urgent endoscopy revealed an excavated, bleeding ulcer in the thoracic part of the stomach. After unsuccessful medical treatment urgent operation was performed via right thoracotomy. Opening the stomach an ulcer was found on the posterior wall of the stomach, it was penetrating to the right atrium of the heart. The bleeding was controlled by suturing the atrium wall. The patient treated with i.v. Omeprazol in the postoperative period. On the 21st postoperative day a rebleeding occurred causing shock. After reoperation the patient died. This complication is very rare. We emphasise the importance of postoperative pH measurement investigations showing the presence of duodenogastric reflux disease.

  4. [Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: technique and outcomes].

    PubMed

    Colombo, J R; Gill, I S

    2006-05-01

    The indication of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has evolved considerably, and the technique is approaching established status at our institution. Over the past 5 years, the senior author has performed more than 450 laparoscopic partial nephrectomies at the Cleveland Clinic. Herein we present our current technique, review contemporary data and oncological outcomes of LPN.

  5. Augmented reality partial nephrectomy: examining the current status and future perspectives.

    PubMed

    Hughes-Hallett, Archie; Mayer, Erik K; Marcus, Hani J; Cundy, Thomas P; Pratt, Philip J; Darzi, Ara W; Vale, Justin A

    2014-02-01

    A minimal access approach to partial nephrectomy has historically been under-utilized, but is now becoming more popular with the growth of robot-assisted laparoscopy. One of the criticisms of minimal access partial nephrectomy is the loss of haptic feedback. Augmented reality operating environments are forecast to play a major enabling role in the future of minimal access partial nephrectomy by integrating enhanced visual information to supplement this loss of haptic sensation. In this article, we systematically examine the current status of augmented reality in partial nephrectomy by identifying existing research challenges and exploring future agendas for this technology to achieve wider clinical translation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Sublingual pyramidal lobe. Complications of subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves' disease

    SciTech Connect

    Sternberg, J.L.

    1986-11-01

    A potential complication of subtotal thyroidectomy where a large pyramidal lobe is present is described. The pyramidal lobe normally is immobilized inferiorly by its attachment to the thyroidal isthmus. When the isthmus is removed and the pyramidal lobe is left in situ during subtotal thyroidectomy its superior attachments will allow the pyramidal lobe to become situated sublingually. This may produce gagging and nausea. To avoid the complication, it is recommended that the pyramidal lobe be removed during subtotal thyroidectomy. If the patient also is thyrotoxic, I-131 can be used to treat this complication successfully.

  7. Robotic Partial Nephrectomy: Expanding Utilization, Advancing Innovation.

    PubMed

    Wallis, Christopher J D; Garbens, Alaina; Chopra, Sameer; Gill, Inderbir S; Satkunasivam, Raj

    2017-04-01

    Robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) is gaining increasing prominence for nephron-sparing surgery in the treatment of patients with localized kidney tumors. RPN offers the benefits of minimally invasive surgery with a shorter learning curve compared with its laparoscopic counterpart. While long-term data are awaited, RPN does provide short-term oncologic and functional outcomes comparable to open and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Furthermore, robotic surgery has facilitated technical innovation, including the elimination of warm ischemia, provided minimally invasive alternatives to patients with complex tumors, and importantly, has fuelled increased dissemination of partial nephrectomy surgery among community urologists.

  8. Iron deficiency anemia after subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

    PubMed

    Roviello, Franco; Fotia, Giuseppe; Marrelli, Daniele; De Stefano, Alfonso; Macchiarelli, Raffaele; Pinto, Enrico

    2004-01-01

    Sideropenic anemia after a gastrectomy is a frequent complication. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of different factors, such as sex, age, atrophic chronic gastritis, Helicobacter pylori infection and iron malabsorption, in iron deficiency after surgery for gastric cancer. Thirty-seven patients who underwent subtotal gastrectomy for carcinoma of the stomach were prospectively studied following a specific three-year protocol. Iron deficiency was evaluated by hemochromocytometric analysis and serum iron-ferritin level assays. Of the different variables analyzed, atrophic chronic gastritis was associated with a lower mean serum iron level, in particular two years after surgery (65mg/dL vs. 103 mg/dL in subjects without gastritis, P<0.01); a correlation between Helicobacter pylori infection of the gastric stump and lower mean serum ferritin level was also found (25+/-6.3 mg/dL vs. 53+/-0.4 mg/dL, P<0.05). On the contrary, no association was observed with the other factors that were evaluated. Among the factors involved in iron deficiency after gastrectomy for cancer of the stomach, atrophic gastritis seems to be the most important, although Helicobacter pylori infection of the gastric stump also seems to play an important role.

  9. Partial nephrectomy in a patient with dwarfism.

    PubMed

    Farber, Nicholas J; Dubin, Justin; Parihar, Jaspreet; Han, Chris; Lasser, Michael S

    2016-08-01

    We describe the case of a 50-year-old male with achondroplastic dwarfism who presents with a renal mass in his left kidney concerning for renal cell carcinoma. The patient successfully underwent a robotic partial nephrectomy, which revealed a T1a renal cell carcinoma. The tumor was excised successfully without any intraoperative complications demonstrating that a robotic partial nephrectomy is technically both safe and effective in patients with achondroplastic dwarfism.

  10. Open partial nephrectomy: ancient art or currently available technique?

    PubMed

    Seveso, Mauro; Grizzi, Fabio; Bozzini, Giorgio; Mandressi, Alberto; Guazzoni, Giorgio; Taverna, Gianluigi

    2015-12-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 3 % of adult solid tumors, with the highest incidence between 50 and 70 years of age. Nephron-sparing surgery was initially reserved to patients with small renal masses detected in anatomically or functionally solitary kidney or in the presence of multiple bilateral tumors or hereditary forms of RCC, which posed a high risk of developing a tumor in the contralateral kidney. Nowadays, partial nephrectomy (PN) has grown up to an established approach for the treatment of small renal masses. In patients with T1a-staged RCCs, PN has proven to be associated with better survival, long-term renal function preservation with lower dialysis need or renal transplantation. Currently, most of the kidney masses are incidentally detected, up to 40 %, with smaller size due to the widespread use of imaging modalities such as ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance. Here we review the role of open PN in the management of small renal masses particularly focusing on indications, oncological outcomes and comparison with laparoscopic and robotic PN. Recent studies demonstrate that PN confers better survival, oncologic equivalence and lower risk of severe chronic kidney disease compared to radical nephrectomy becoming then the gold-standard surgical technique, even if increasingly challenged by laparoscopic and/or robot-assisted partial nephrectomy which in the hands of experts seems to achieve comparable outcome results albeit with slightly higher complication rate.

  11. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy versus open donor nephrectomy: recipient's perspective.

    PubMed

    Jamale, Tukaram E; Hase, Niwrutti K; Iqbal, Anwar M

    2012-11-01

    Effects of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) on graft function, especially early post-transplant, have been controversial. To assess and compare early and late graft function in kidneys procured by open and laparoscopic methods, a retrospective observational study was carried out on 37 recipients-donors who underwent LDN after introduction of this technique in February 2007 at our center, a tertiary care nephrology referral center. Demographic, immunological and intraoperative variables as well as immunosuppressive protocols and number of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatches were noted. Early graft function was assessed by serum creatinine on Days two, five, seven, 14 and 28 and at the time of discharge. Serum creatinine values at three months and at one year post-transplant were considered as the surrogates of late graft function. Data obtained were compared with the data from 33 randomly selected kidney transplants performed after January 2000 by the same surgical team, in whom open donor nephrectomy was used. Pearson's chi square test, Student's t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Early graft function (serum creatinine on Day five 2.15 mg/dL vs 1.49 mg/dL, P = 0.027) was poorer in the LDN group. Late graft function as assessed by serum creatinine at three months (1.45 mg/dL vs 1.31 mg/dL, P = 0.335) and one year (1.56 mg/dL vs 1.34 mg/dL, P = 0.275) was equivalent in the two groups. Episodes of early acute graft dysfunction due to acute tubular necrosis were significantly higher in the LDN group (37.8% vs 12.1%, Z score 2.457, P = 0.014). Warm ischemia time was significantly prolonged in the LDN group (255 s vs 132.5 s, P = 0.002). LDN is associated with slower recovery of graft function and higher incidence of early acute graft dysfunction due to acute tubular necrosis. Late graft function at one year is however comparable.

  12. Palpation thyroiditis following subtotal parathyroidectomy for hyperparathyroidism

    PubMed Central

    Madill, Elizabeth M; Cooray, Shamil D

    2016-01-01

    Summary Thyrotoxicosis is an under-recognised but clinically important complication of parathyroidectomy. We report a case of a 37-year-old man with tertiary hyperparathyroidism who initially developed unexplained anxiety, diaphoresis, tachycardia, tremor and hyperreflexia one day after subtotal parathyroidectomy. Thyroid biochemistry revealed suppressed thyroid stimulating hormone and elevated serum free T4 and free T3 levels. Technetium-99m scintigraphy scan confirmed diffusely decreased radiotracer uptake consistent with thyroiditis. The patient was diagnosed with thyrotoxicosis resulting from palpation thyroiditis. Administration of oral beta-adrenergic antagonists alleviated his symptoms and there was biochemical evidence of resolution fourteen days later. This case illustrates the need to counsel patients about thyroiditis as one of the potential risks of parathyroid surgery. It also emphasises the need for biochemical surveillance in patients with unexplained symptoms in the post-operative period and may help to minimise further invasive investigations for diagnostic clarification. Learning points Thyroiditis as a complication of parathyroidectomy surgery is uncommon but represents an under-recognised phenomenon. It is thought to occur due to mechanical damage of thyroid follicles by vigorous palpation. Palpation of the thyroid gland may impair the physical integrity of the follicular basement membrane, with consequent development of an inflammatory response. The majority of patients are asymptomatic, however clinically significant thyrotoxicosis occurs in a minority. Patients should be advised of thyroiditis/thyrotoxicosis as a potential complication of the procedure. Testing of thyroid function should be performed if clinically indicated, particularly if adrenergic symptoms occur post-operatively with no other cause identified. PMID:27482385

  13. Subtotal Versus Total Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Bozzetti, Federico; Marubini, Ettore; Bonfanti, Giuliano; Miceli, Rosalba; Piano, Chiara; Gennari, Leandro

    1999-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the impact of subtotal (SG) versus total (TG) gastrectomy on the oncologic outcome of patients with cancer of the distal stomach from 28 Italian institutions. Summary Background Data There is controversy over whether SG and TG have a different impact on the 5-year survival probability of patients with cancer of the distal half of the stomach. Methods The present analysis involved 618 patients randomized during surgery to SG (315) or TG (303), provided there was at least 6 cm from the proximal edge of the tumor to the cardia, there was no intraperitoneal or distant spread, and it was possible to remove the tumor entirely. Both surgical treatments included regional lymphadenectomy. Results Four patients died after SG and seven after TG. Median follow-up was 72 months after SG (range 2 to 125) and 75 months after TG (range 7 to 113). Five-year survival probability as computed by the Kaplan-Meier method was 65.3% for SG and 62.4% for TG. The test of equivalence led to the conclusion that the two procedures may be considered equivalent in terms of 5-year survival probability. The analysis of survival using a multivariate Cox regression model showed a statistically significant impact on survival of tumor site, tumor spread within the gastric wall, extent of resection to the spleen plus or minus neighboring organs or structures, and relative frequency of metastasis in resected lymph nodes. Conclusions Both procedures have a similar survival probability. The authors believe that SG, which has been reported to be associated with a better nutritional status and quality of life, should be the procedure of choice, provided that the proximal margin of the resection falls in healthy tissue. PMID:10450730

  14. The future of partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Malthouse, Theo; Kasivisvanathan, Veeru; Raison, Nicholas; Lam, Wayne; Challacombe, Ben

    2016-12-01

    Innovation in recent times has accelerated due to factors such as the globalization of communication; but there are also more barriers/safeguards in place than ever before as we strive to streamline this process. From the first planned partial nephrectomy completed in 1887, it took over a century to become recommended practice for small renal tumours. At present, identified areas for improvement/innovation are 1) to preserve renal parenchyma, 2) to optimise pre-operative eGFR and 3) to reduce global warm ischaemia time. All 3 of these, are statistically significant predictors of post-operative renal function. Urologists, have a proud history of embracing innovation & have experimented with different clamping techniques of the renal vasculature, image guidance in robotics, renal hypothermia, lasers and new robots under development. The DaVinci model may soon no longer have a monopoly on this market, as it loses its stranglehold with novel technology emerging including added features, such as haptic feedback with reduced costs. As ever, our predictions of the future may well fall wide of the mark, but in order to progress, one must open the mind to the possibilities that already exist, as evolution of existing technology often appears to be a revolution in hindsight.

  15. The morbidity of trauma nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Edwards, Norma M; Claridge, Jeffrey A; Forsythe, Raquel M; Weinberg, Jordan A; Croce, Martin A; Fabian, Timothy C

    2009-11-01

    Mortality has been shown to be high in patients after trauma nephrectomy (TN). However, there are little data regarding morbidity in survivors. The objective of this study was to determine the morbidity rates associated with TN with attention directed to renal failure (RF) and formation of intra-abdominal abscess (IAA). Patients who underwent TN over a 9-year period (1996 to 2004) were identified from the trauma registry. Records were reviewed for all complications after TN in patients surviving at least 48 hours. Eighty-nine patients were identified with TN; 61 per cent resulted after penetrating trauma. Overall mortality was 34 per cent. Seventy-one patients survived greater than 48 hours; 51 (72%) experienced at least one morbidity. There was no difference in morbidity rates between patients undergoing blunt trauma and those undergoing penetrating trama. Patients with morbidities were significantly older, more severely injured, and had higher mortality rates and longer hospital courses. Infectious complications were seen in 52 per cent, respiratory in 48 per cent, gastrointestinal in 30 per cent, coagulopathy in 25 per cent, and RF and IAA were each seen in 14 per cent of patients. Patients undergoing TN are severely injured with significant morbidity. The results from this study allow us to establish benchmarks to assess complication rates for patients who undergo TN, which can provide prognostic information and goals to improve patient outcomes.

  16. Renal parenchymal histopathology predicts life-threatening chronic kidney disease as a result of radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Sejima, Takehiro; Honda, Masashi; Takenaka, Atsushi

    2015-01-01

    The preoperative prediction of post-radical nephrectomy renal insufficiency plays an important role in the decision-making process regarding renal surgery options. Furthermore, the prediction of both postoperative renal insufficiency and postoperative cardiovascular disease occurrence, which is suggested to be an adverse consequence caused by renal insufficiency, contributes to the preoperative policy decision as well as the precise informed consent for a renal cell carcinoma patient. Preoperative nomograms for the prediction of post-radical nephrectomy renal insufficiency, calculated using patient backgrounds, are advocated. The use of these nomograms together with other types of nomograms predicting oncological outcome is beneficial. Post-radical nephrectomy attending physicians can predict renal insufficiency based on the normal renal parenchymal pathology in addition to preoperative patient characteristics. It is suggested that a high level of global glomerulosclerosis in nephrectomized normal renal parenchyma is closely associated with severe renal insufficiency. Some studies showed that post-radical nephrectomy severe renal insufficiency might have an association with increased mortality as a result of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, such pathophysiology should be recognized as life-threatening, surgically-related chronic kidney disease. On the contrary, the investigation of the prediction of mild post-radical nephrectomy renal insufficiency, which is not related to adverse consequences in the postoperative long-term period, is also promising because the prediction of mild renal insufficiency might be the basis for the substitution of radical nephrectomy for nephron-sparing surgery in technically difficult or compromised cases. The deterioration of quality of life caused by post-radical nephrectomy renal insufficiency should be investigated in conjunction with life-threatening matters.

  17. Feasibility of subtotal laryngectomy based on whole-organ examination.

    PubMed

    Robbins, K T; Michaels, L

    1985-06-01

    Subtotal (near-total) laryngectomy has recently been advocated to eradicate large laryngeal tumors. The operation, which preserves the cricoarytenoid joint and adjacent vocal fold, is based on the premise that many T3 and T4 tumors can be resected without complete sacrifice of the phonatory mechanism. The purpose of this study was to verify or disprove the assumption by examining sections of whole-organ laryngeal specimens. Twenty-four of the 64 specimens analyzed were determined to be resectable by subtotal laryngectomy. Twenty-two other specimens could have been resected by a more conventional conservation technique such as hemilaryngectomy or supraglottic laryngectomy. This study supports the concept of subtotal laryngectomy for selected large tumors. Guidelines for determining the suitability of the technique are suggested.

  18. Increased use of antihypertensive medications after partial nephrectomy vs. radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Hutchinson, Ryan; Singla, Nirmish; Krabbe, Laura-Maria; Woldu, Solomon; Chen, Gong; Rew, Charles; Tachibana, Isamu; Lotan, Yair; Cadeddu, Jeffrey A; Margulis, Vitaly

    2017-07-15

    A prospective study of partial vs. radical nephrectomy demonstrated worse overall survival in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy which appeared to be driven by cardiovascular outcomes. We sought to determine if the blood pressures or use of antihypertensive medications differed between patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy. A tertiary-referral institutional renal mass database was queried for patients between 2006 and 2012 undergoing partial or radical nephrectomy. Serial blood pressure follow-up, clinicopathologic variables, and changes in medications were collected. Patients were excluded for inadequate data, noncurative-intent surgery, noncancer surgical indication, and absence of medication information. Time-dependent hemodynamic changes were compared by split-plot analysis of variance and addition to antihypertensive regimen was studied as time-to-event survival analyses with Kaplan-Meier curves and a Cox proportional hazards model. A final cohort of 264 partial nephrectomy and 130 radical nephrectomy cases were identified. Patients undergoing partial nephrectomy were younger, more likely to have T1 tumors, and had lower preoperative creatinine (P<0.001 for all). No differences were noted on postoperative hemodynamics (P>0.05). Significantly more patients who underwent partial nephrectomy added antihypertensive medications postoperatively (P≤0.001) and surgical treatment remained as a significant independent predictor on Cox regression (hazard ratio = 2.51, P = 0.002). Limitations include the retrospective nature of the study and potential for unidentified confounders. Hemodynamic parameters after radical or partial nephrectomy may be different. The etiology of this observation, is currently unexplored. Additional prospective mechanistic investigations are warranted. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: six degrees of haemostasis.

    PubMed

    Louie, Michael K; Deane, Leslie A; Kaplan, Adam G; Lee, Hak J; Box, Geoffrey N; Abraham, Jose Benito A; Borin, James F; Khan, Farhan; McDougall, Elspeth M; Clayman, Ralph V

    2011-05-01

    • To describe six steps for haemostasis and collecting system closure ('six degrees of haemostasis') that are reproducible and that minimize the two most concerning complications of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: haemorrhage and urine leakage. • A retrospective study of 23 consecutive laparoscopic partial nephrectomy cases performed by a single surgeon between 2005 and 2008 using the 'six degrees of haemostasis' was carried out. • There were no cases of intraoperative, postoperative or delayed bleeding. • There were no cases of urine leakage. • The 'six degrees of haemostasis' technique for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy described in the present study provides a reliable and reproducible method to reassure the surgeon of haemostasis and provide a decreased risk of urine leakage. © 2011 THE AUTHORS. BJU INTERNATIONAL © 2011 BJU INTERNATIONAL.

  20. A low-protein diet supplemented with ketoacids plays a more protective role against oxidative stress of rat kidney tissue with 5/6 nephrectomy than a low-protein diet alone.

    PubMed

    Gao, Xiang; Wu, Jianxiang; Dong, Zheyi; Hua, Can; Hu, Huimin; Mei, Changlin

    2010-02-01

    Dietary protein restriction is one major therapy in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and ketoacids have been evaluated in CKD patients during restricted-protein diets. The objective of the present study was to compare the efficacy of a low-protein diet supplemented with ketoacids (LPD+KA) and a low-protein diet alone (LPD) in halting the development of renal lesions in CKD. 5/6 Nephrectomy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups, and fed with either 22 % protein (normal-protein diet; NPD), 6 % protein (LPD) or 5 % protein plus 1 % ketoacids (LPD+KA) for 24 weeks. Sham-operated rats were used as controls. Each 5/6 nephrectomy group included fifteen rats and the control group included twelve rats. Proteinuria, decreased renal function, glomerular sclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis were found in the remnant kidneys of the NPD group. Protein restriction ameliorated these changes, and the effect was more obvious in the LPD+KA group after 5/6 nephrectomy. Lower body weight and serum albumin levels were found in the LPD group, indicating protein malnutrition. Lipid and protein oxidative products were significantly increased in the LPD group compared with the LPD+KA group. These findings indicate that a LPD supplemented with ketoacids is more effective than a LPD alone in protecting the function of remnant kidneys from progressive injury, which may be mediated by ketoacids ameliorating protein malnutrition and oxidative stress injury in remnant kidney tissue.

  1. Hand-assisted laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy as an alternative to traditional laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Buell, Joseph F; Hanaway, Michael J; Potter, Steven R; Cronin, David C; Yoshida, Atsushi; Munda, Rino; Alexander, J Wesley; Newell, Kenneth A; Bruce, David S; Woodle, E Steve

    2002-11-01

    The benefits of laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy (LDN) are well described, while similar data on hand-assisted laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy (HALDN) are lacking. We compare hand-assisted laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy with open donor nephrectomy. One hundred consecutive hand-assisted laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy (10/98-8/01) donor/recipient pairs were compared to 50 open donor nephrectomy pairs (8/97-1/00). Mean donor weights were similar (179.6 +/- 40.8 vs. 167.4 +/- 30.3 lb; p = NS), while donor age was greater among hand-assisted laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy (38.2 +/- 9.5 vs. 31.2 +/- 7.8 year; p < 0.01). Right nephrectomies was fewer in hand-assisted laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy [17/100 (17%) vs. 22/50 (44%); p < 0.05]. Operative time for hand-assisted laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy (3.9 +/- 0.7 vs. 2.9 +/- 0.5 h; p < 0.01) was longer; however, return to diet (6.9 +/- 2.8 vs. 25.6 +/- 6.1 h; p < 0.01), narcotics requirement (17.9 +/- 6.3 vs. 56.3 +/- 6.4h; p < 0.01) and length of stay (51.7 +/- 22.2 vs. 129.6 +/- 65.7 h; p < 0.01) were less than open donor nephrectomy. Costs were similar ($11072 vs. 10840). Graft function and 1-week Cr of 1.4 +/- 0.9 vs. 1.6 +/- 1.1 g/dL (p = NS) were similar. With the introduction of HALDN, our laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy program has increased by 20%. Thus, similar to traditional laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, hand-assisted laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy provides advantages over open donor nephrectomy without increasing costs.

  2. [A trial of laparoscopic assisted radical nephrectomy].

    PubMed

    Hayakawa, K; Nishiyama, T; Ohashi, M; Ishikawa, H; Hata, M

    1997-09-01

    We tried a new procedure of gas-less laparoscopy assisted radical nephrectomy. Prior to insertion of laparoscope, pararectal incision approximately 7 cm in length was made to enter into the intraabdominal cavity. A 12 mm trocar was placed just below the umbilicus and a flexible electroscope was inserted through it. A 10 cm size disposable fan for lifting up the abdominal wall was indwelled through the under space of trocar port. After appropriately lifting up the abdominal wall, a 10 mm trocar for working channel was placed at mid-axillar line. Under laparoscopic and trans-laparotomic views, radical nephrectomy was performed using the combined technique of laparoscopic and open surgery. Seven patients have been successfully treated with this procedure. The mean operating time of this procedure was significantly shorter than that of totally laparoscopic nephrectomy. The recovery time from the operation was as short as usual laparoscopic nephrectomy. We thought that this procedure could open a new scope of laparoscopic surgery.

  3. Total versus subtotal hysterectomy for benign gynaecological conditions.

    PubMed

    Lethaby, Anne; Mukhopadhyay, Asima; Naik, Raj

    2012-04-18

    Hysterectomy using an abdominal approach removes either the uterus alone (subtotal hysterectomy) or both the uterus and the cervix (total hysterectomy). The latter is more common but the outcomes have not been systematically compared. To compare short term and long term outcomes of subtotal hysterectomy (STH) with total hysterectomy (TH) for benign gynaecological conditions. We searched the Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group Specialised Register of controlled trials (July 2011), CENTRAL (July 2011), MEDLINE (1966 to July 2011), EMBASE (1980 to July 2011), CINAHL (January 2005 to July 2011), Biological Abstracts (1980 to December 2005), the National Research Register and relevant citation lists. Only randomised controlled trials of women undergoing either total or subtotal hysterectomy for benign gynaecological conditions were included. Nine trials including 1553 participants were included. Independent selection of trials, assessment for risk of bias and data extraction were undertaken by two review authors and the results compared. There was no evidence of a difference in the rates of multiple outcomes that assessed urinary, bowel or sexual function between TH and STH, either in the short term (up to two years post-surgery) or long term (nine years post-surgery). Length of operation (difference of 11 min) and amount of blood lost during surgery (difference of 57 ml) were significantly reduced during subtotal hysterectomy when compared with total hysterectomy. These differences are unlikely to constitute a clinical benefit and there was no evidence of a difference in the odds of blood transfusion. Post-operative fever and urinary retention were less likely (fever: OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.3 to 0.8; retention: OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.1 to 0.8) and ongoing cyclical vaginal bleeding up to two years after surgery was more likely (OR 16.0, 95% CI 6.1 to 41.6) after STH compared with TH. There was no evidence of a difference in the rates of other complications

  4. Rehabilitation protocol of dysphagia after subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy.

    PubMed

    Coscarelli, S; Verrecchia, L; Le Saec, O; Coscarelli, A; Santoro, R; de Campora, E

    2007-12-01

    Dysphagia is a constant complication of subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy, due to modifications in the anatomy and in sensitivity of the larynx and pharynx. The reduced sphincteric activity of the larynx can enhance aspiration with a higher risk of pneumonia. In our opinion, the presence of the tracheotomy tube in the first weeks after surgery interferes with proper mobility of the laryngo-tracheal axis during swallowing, as it anchors the trachea to the skin. We have conducted swallowing rehabilitation, without the tracheotomy tube, ready to aspirate eventual saliva or food debris dropping into the trachea. This protocol has been applied in 33 patients undergoing subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy and better patient compliance and swallowing performance were observed. The period to recover complete autonomous oral intake is less than one month and none of these patients showed signs or symptoms of aspiration pneumonia during hospitalisation or follow-up. This rehabilitation protocol is, therefore, a valid and effective alternative to other well-known procedures.

  5. Therapeutic use of fractionated total body and subtotal body irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Loeffler, R.K.

    1981-05-01

    Ninety-one patients were treated using fractionated subtotal body (STBI) or total body irradiation (TBI). These patients had generalized lymphomas, Hodgkin's disease, leukemias, myelomas, seminomas, or oat-cell carcinomas. Subtotal body irradiation is delivered to the entire body, except for the skull and extremities. It was expected that a significantly higher radiation dose could be administered with STBI than with TBI. STBI was given when there was a reasonable likelihood that malignancy did not involve the shielded volumes. A five- to ten-fold increase in tolerance for STBI was demonstrated. Many of these patients have had long-term (up to 17 year--.permanent) remissions. There is little or no treatment-induced symptomatology, and no sanctuary sites. STBI and TBI are useful therapeutic modalities for many of these malignancies.

  6. [Personal experience with total and subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy].

    PubMed

    Andreevski, A

    1990-01-01

    Customary total laryngectomy is a severe mutilating intervention with understandable efforts to offer better solutions. The author has conducted 95 subtotal reconstructive laryngectomies in the period of 1976 to 1984, with the following effects: decannulation, with the mean time of 6 weeks in 82%; deglutition without difficulties, after the third postoperative month in 90% of operated patients; the restoration of phonetics with sonorous-understandable speech in 11%. An average of a five-year survival of all subtotal reconstructive laryngectomies amounts to 63%. The author is of the opinion that this intervention presents important progress in the treatment of laryngeal carcinoma in certain patients, because it avoids mutilations which occur after total radical laryngectomy. Better results can be expected with the further advancement of the operative technique.

  7. Clinical Significance of Biliary Dilatation and Cholelithiasis after Subtotal Gastrectomy.

    PubMed

    Yoon, Harry; Kwon, Chang Il; Jeong, Seok; Lee, Tae Hoon; Han, Joung Ho; Song, Tae Jun; Hwang, Jae Chul; Kim, Dae Jung

    2015-07-01

    The well-organized study to support that increased cholelithiasis and bile duct dilatation can occur after gastrectomy has not been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of cholelithiasis and the degree of common bile duct (CBD) dilatation in patients undergoing subtotal gastrectomy, compared to those undergoing endoscopic treatment for gastric cancer. Patients who diagnosed with gastric cancer and received treatment at six academic referral centers were investigated for the incidence and time of cholelithiasis and the degree of CBD dilatation after treatment by analysis of 5-year follow-up CTs. The operation group underwent subtotal gastrectomy without vagotomy, while in the control group endoscopic treatment was administered for gastric cancer. A total of 802 patients were enrolled in 5-year analysis (735 patients in the operation group and 67 patients in the control group). Cholelithiasis occurred in 47 patients (6.39%) in the operation group and 3 patients (4.48%) in the control group (p=0.7909). The incidences of cholelithiasis were 4.28% in Billoth-I and 7.89% in Billoth-II (p=0.0487). The diameter of proximal CBD and distal CBD increased by 1.11 mm and 1.41 mm, respectively, in the operation group, compared to 0.4 mm and 0.38 mm, respectively, in the control group (pœ0.05). Patients with increased CBD dilatation more than 5 mm showed statistically significant increases in alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyltransferase. The incidence of cholelithiasis was not increased due to subtotal gastrectomy without vagotomy, but the incidence was higher after Billoth-II compared to Billoth-I. In addition, significant change in the CBD diameter was observed after subtotal gastrectomy.

  8. Evaluation of the voice function after the supraglottis subtotal laryngectomy.

    PubMed

    Kosztyła-Hojna, B; Rogowski, M; Pepiński, W; Rutkowski, R; Moniuszko, T; Lazarczyk, B

    2001-01-01

    Voice quality was analysed in 39 patients with the larynx carcinoma after the supraglottis subtotal laryngectomy. Voice pattern was analysed with the use of subjective and objective spectrography before and after the surgery. A deteriorated voice quality was found after the surgery. The spectrographic examination revealed decreased frequency levels of the formants F3 and F4 and the presence of a noise component generated in the glottis area.

  9. Subtotal petrosectomy and cerebrospinal fluid leakage in unilateral anacusis.

    PubMed

    Magliulo, Giuseppe; Iannella, Giannicola; Ciniglio Appiani, Mario; Re, Massimo

    2014-12-01

    Objective This study presents a group of patients experiencing recurrent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage associated with ipsilateral anacusis who underwent subtotal petrosectomies with the goal of stopping the CSF leak and preventing meningitis. Materials and Methods Eight patients with CSF leakage were enrolled: three patients with giant vestibular schwannomas had CSF leakage after gamma knife failure and subsequent removal via a retrosigmoid approach; two patients had malformations at the level of the inner ear with consequent translabyrinthine fistulas; two had posttraumatic CSF leakages; and one had a CSF leakage coexisting with an encephalocele. Two patients developed meningitis that resolved with antibiotic therapy. Each patient had preoperative anacusis and vestibular nerve areflexia on the affected side. Results The patients with congenital or posttraumatic CSF leaks had undergone at least one unsuccessful endaural approach to treat the fistula. All eight patients were treated successfully with a subtotal petrosectomy. The symptoms disappeared within 2 months postoperatively. No meningitis, signs of fistula, or other symptoms occurred during the follow-up. Conclusion A subtotal petrosectomy should be the first choice of treatment in patients with recurrent CSF leakage whenever there is associated unilateral anacusis.

  10. Subtotal Petrosectomy and Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage in Unilateral Anacusis

    PubMed Central

    Magliulo, Giuseppe; Iannella, Giannicola; Appiani, Mario Ciniglio; Re, Massimo

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study presents a group of patients experiencing recurrent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage associated with ipsilateral anacusis who underwent subtotal petrosectomies with the goal of stopping the CSF leak and preventing meningitis. Materials and Methods Eight patients with CSF leakage were enrolled: three patients with giant vestibular schwannomas had CSF leakage after gamma knife failure and subsequent removal via a retrosigmoid approach; two patients had malformations at the level of the inner ear with consequent translabyrinthine fistulas; two had posttraumatic CSF leakages; and one had a CSF leakage coexisting with an encephalocele. Two patients developed meningitis that resolved with antibiotic therapy. Each patient had preoperative anacusis and vestibular nerve areflexia on the affected side. Results The patients with congenital or posttraumatic CSF leaks had undergone at least one unsuccessful endaural approach to treat the fistula. All eight patients were treated successfully with a subtotal petrosectomy. The symptoms disappeared within 2 months postoperatively. No meningitis, signs of fistula, or other symptoms occurred during the follow-up. Conclusion A subtotal petrosectomy should be the first choice of treatment in patients with recurrent CSF leakage whenever there is associated unilateral anacusis. PMID:25452896

  11. Laparoscopic nephrectomy using Ligasure system: preliminary experience.

    PubMed

    Leonardo, Costantino; Guaglianone, Salvatore; De Carli, Piero; Pompeo, Vincenzo; Forastiere, Ester; Gallucci, Michele

    2005-10-01

    The advent of laparoscopic surgery has created new technical challenges and problems. Recently, a new commercially available vessel-sealing technology, the Ligasure system, was introduced. The aim of our study was to compare the effectiveness of this new system with earlier methods in a group of patients affected by renal-cell carcinoma. A series of 30 patients underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for clinically localized renal-cell carcinoma. We always used a transperitoneal approach with a three-trocar technique. Patients were randomly divided in two groups: 15 underwent conventional laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, while 15 underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy using the Ligasure system, which is a bipolar radiofrequency generator. Information analyzed included intraoperative blood loss, operative time, conversion rate, and postoperative course. Statistical analysis was performed with commercially available software. The two groups were compared in term of clinical and pathologic variables using Student's t-test. Differences were considered significant at p < 0.05. No statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups for baseline characteristics. No conversion occurred in either group. Statistically significant differences were observed between conventional and Ligasure nephrectomy regarding mean intraoperative blood loss (485 mL and 100 mL, respectively; p < 0.05) and mean operative time (164 minutes and 68 minutes, respectively p < 0.05). No statistically difference was observed in the postoperative discharge time. The Ligasure vessel-sealing system seems to produce a consistent, reliable, permanent seal of veins, arteries, and tissue bundles by fusing the collagen in vessel walls. By reducing sutures and the number of instrument exchanges in the operating theatre, the Ligasure decreases operating time and blood loss. This new energy-based vessel-ligation device appears to be effective in advanced laparoscopic procedures.

  12. Failure within one year following subtotal lumbar discectomy.

    PubMed

    Wera, Glenn D; Marcus, Randall E; Ghanayem, Alexander J; Bohlman, Henry H

    2008-01-01

    Reherniation within the first year following subtotal lumbar discectomy is a rare but noteworthy event. We performed a retrospective, case-controlled study to evaluate the clinical outcomes after early recurrent lumbar disc reherniation. The records of 1320 patients who had undergone primary subtotal lumbar discectomy were analyzed retrospectively by an independent reviewer. Patients with documented reherniation within twelve months were evaluated with regard to the location of the reherniation, the neurologic status, the rate of reoperation, and the subjective outcome. Patients were evaluated on the basis of a physical examination and a review of medical records. Disc morphology, anular competence, and the presence of free fragments were categorized with use of a modified five-part Carragee classification system. The mean duration of follow-up for this group was 52.6 months. Clinical outcomes were assessed with use of the Oswestry score and the modified criteria of McNab. Twenty-nine historical control patients who had undergone uncomplicated subtotal lumbar discectomy were selected. We identified fourteen recurrent lumbar disc herniations within one year after the index procedure. All fourteen patients had radicular pain and weakness prior to, and complete relief of radiculopathy after, the index procedure. All reherniations occurred at the same level as the index procedure, but eight occurred in a different direction than the original herniation. All patients underwent reexploration and discectomy, and two underwent single-level posterolateral arthrodesis. Two patients underwent a third procedure. The average Oswestry score at the time of the latest follow-up was 6.4 for the recurrent herniation group, compared with 6.9 for the controls. The outcomes according to the modified McNab criteria were not significantly different between the groups, with the numbers available. The mean duration of follow-up after the second discectomy was 52.6 months. The rate of early

  13. Ex-vivo partial nephrectomy after living donor nephrectomy: Surgical technique for expanding kidney donor pool

    PubMed Central

    Nyame, Yaw A.; Babbar, Paurush; Aboumohamed, Ahmed A.; Mori, Ryan L.; Flechner, Stuart M.; Modlin, Charles S.

    2017-01-01

    Renal transplantation has profound improvements in mortality, morbidity, and overall quality of life compared to renal replacement therapy. This report aims to illustrate the use of ex-vivo partial nephrectomy in a patient with a renal angiomyolipoma prior to living donor transplantation. The surgical outcomes of the donor nephrectomy and recipient transplantation are reported with 2 years of follow-up. Both the donor and recipient are healthy and without any significant comorbidities. In conclusion, urologic techniques such as partial nephrectomy can be used to expand the living donor pool in carefully selected and well informed transplant recipients. Our experience demonstrated a safe and positive outcome for both the recipient and donor, and is consistent with other reported outcomes in the literature. PMID:28216945

  14. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy for complex renal masses.

    PubMed

    Patton, Michael W; Salevitz, Daniel A; Tyson, Mark D; Andrews, Paul E; Ferrigni, Erin N; Nateras, Rafael N; Castle, Erik P

    2016-03-01

    To determine whether the approach for partial nephrectomy is influenced by tumor complexity and if the introduction of robotic techniques has allowed us to treat more complex tumors minimally invasively. Data from 292 patients who underwent partial nephrectomy for renal masses from November 1999 to July 2013 at a tertiary referral center were retrospectively reviewed. Nephrometry scores and perioperative outcomes were stratified based on when robotic techniques were introduced. Mean follow-up time was 2.6 years. Preoperative RENAL nephrometry scores and perioperative outcomes were analyzed. Of the 292 patients, 31.5 % underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy, 46.2 % laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and 22.9 % open partial nephrectomy. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy mean nephrometry score was significantly higher than laparoscopic and equivalent to open. Significant perioperative differences were estimated blood loss (p = 0.0001), length of stay (p = 0.0001) and Clavien score (p = 0.0069), all favoring robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. Limitations include retrospective design and single center data. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy is a safe and effective surgical modality that allows for complex renal tumors that were previously reserved for open partial nephrectomy in the pure laparoscopic era to be managed with a minimally invasive approach.

  15. Renal Preservation and Partial Nephrectomy: Patient and Surgical Factors.

    PubMed

    Marconi, Lorenzo; Desai, Mihir M; Ficarra, Vincenzo; Porpiglia, Francesco; Van Poppel, Hendrik

    2016-12-15

    Optimization of the partial nephrectomy (PN) procedure in terms of preservation of functional outcomes is of special importance. To review the most important patient and surgical factors that may influence the three elements that ultimately define the preservation of renal function (RF) after PN: preoperative RF, quantity of parenchyma preserved, and nephron recovery from ischemic insult. A nonsystematic review of the literature was conducted. Relevant databases were searched for studies providing data on surgical, patient, and tumour factors predictive of RF preservation after PN. Many renal cell carcinoma patients have low RF at baseline or are at risk of rapid progression of chronic kidney disease. A glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of ≤45ml/min/1.73m(2) after PN is associated with higher risk of a 50% drop in GFR or dialysis. Greater tumor size and complexity are nonmodifiable factors that predict worse postoperative RF, longer warm ischemia time (IT), and greater healthy parenchymal volume loss (HPVL). Global renal ischemic injury can be minimized using off-clamp or selective minimal renal ischemia techniques that vary from simple regional ischemia to more complex techniques such as tertiary or higher-order renal arterial branch clamping. However, the quality and quantity of parenchymal mass preserved are the main predictors of RF after PN, and IT seems to have a secondary role, as long as warm IT is limited or ischemia is hypothermic. HPVL is minimized using enucleation techniques (oncologically equivalent to traditional PN for low-grade tumors in retrospective studies) and reduction of the parenchyma incorporated in renorrhaphy. Evidence on the comparative effectiveness of the various PN surgical approaches (open, laparoscopic, robotic, and thermoablation) in terms of functional outcomes is characterized by low overall quality. Efforts should be made to optimize the modifiable surgical factors identified for maximum RF preservation after PN. The low

  16. Compensatory Hypertrophy After Living Donor Nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Chen, K W; Wu, M W F; Chen, Z; Tai, B C; Goh, Y S B; Lata, R; Vathsala, A; Tiong, H Y

    2016-04-01

    Previous studies have shown that kidney volume enhances the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in kidney donors. This study aimed to describe the phenomenon of compensatory hypertrophy after donor nephrectomy as measured on computerized tomographic (CT) scans. An institutional Domain Specific Review Board (DSRB)-approved study involved approaching kidney donors to have a follow up CT scan from 6 months to 1 year after surgery; 29 patients participated; 55% were female. Clinical chart review was performed, and the patient's remaining kidney volume was measured before and after surgery based on CT scans. eGFR was determined with the use of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Mean parenchymal volume of the remaining kidney for this population (mean age, 44.3 ± 8.5 y) was 204.7 ± 82.5 cc before surgery and 250.5 ± 113.3 cc after donor nephrectomy. Compensatory hypertrophy occurred in 79.3% of patients (n = 23). Mean increase in remaining kidney volume was 22.4 ± 23.2% after donor nephrectomy in healthy individuals. Over a median follow-up of 52.9 ± 19.8 months, mean eGFR was 68.9 ± 12.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2), with 24.1% of patients (n = 7) in chronic kidney disease grade 3. Absolute and relative change in kidney volume was not associated with sex, race, surgical approach, or background of hypertension (P = NS). There was a trend of decreased hypertrophy with increasing age (P = .5; Spearman correlation, -0.12). In healthy kidney donors, compensatory hypertrophy of the remaining kidney occurs in 79.3% of the patients, with an average increment of about 22.4%. Older patients may have a blunted compensatory hypertrophy response after surgery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Is simple nephrectomy truly simple? Comparison with the radical alternative.

    PubMed

    Connolly, S S; O'Brien, M Frank; Kunni, I M; Phelan, E; Conroy, R; Thornhill, J A; Grainger, R

    2011-03-01

    The Oxford English dictionary defines the term "simple" as "easily done" and "uncomplicated". We tested the validity of this terminology in relation to open nephrectomy surgery. Retrospective review of 215 patients undergoing open, simple (n = 89) or radical (n = 126) nephrectomy in a single university-affiliated institution between 1998 and 2002. Operative time (OT), estimated blood loss (EBL), operative complications (OC) and length of stay in hospital (LOS) were analysed. Statistical analysis employed Fisher's exact test and Stata Release 8.2. Simple nephrectomy was associated with shorter OT (mean 126 vs. 144 min; p = 0.002), reduced EBL (mean 729 vs. 859 cc; p = 0.472), lower OC (9 vs. 17%; 0.087), and more brief LOS (mean 6 vs. 8 days; p < 0.001). All parameters suggest favourable outcome for the simple nephrectomy group, supporting the use of this terminology. This implies "simple" nephrectomies are truly easier to perform with less complication than their radical counterpart.

  18. Retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy for benign nonfunctioning kidneys: Training and outcome

    PubMed Central

    Saifee, Yusuf; Nagarajan, Ramya; Qadri, Syed Javed; Sarmah, Amlan; Kumar, Suresh; Pal, Bipin Chandra; Modi, Pranjal

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Between the two techniques of laparoscopic nephrectomy, retroperitoneoscopy has certain distinct advantages over transperitoneal access but may be a more difficult technique to learn. We present our experience of training novices in retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy with a good outcome, making it a standard of care for nephrectomy at our institute. Methods: The aim of this study was to report the initial experience, learning curve, and outcome of retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy by novices under a mentored approach. The series included four novice urologists. The data from the initial forty retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomies performed by each of them were reviewed. Results: Retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomies were successfully completed by novices in 88.1% (141/160) of the patients. Nine cases (5.6%) required the mentor's help because of nonprogression, and ten cases (6%) required conversion to open nephrectomy. The median operative time of all surgeons decreased with increased surgical experience. There was some intersurgeon variation in the learning curve ranging from 10 to 30 cases, but all surgeons showed a significant reduction in operative time across consecutive sets of ten cases. Seven cases required mentor help in the initial series (7/80) and only two in later half of cases (2/80). All minor complications were also significantly less in the later series. Conclusions: The present series represents the effectiveness of training in retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy of novices by a responsible team and with the standard protocol and surgical steps. Through effective mentoring, the steep learning curve associated with retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy has been overcome, making it standard of care for nephrectomy at our institute. PMID:27843214

  19. Rehabilitation protocol of dysphagia after subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy

    PubMed Central

    Coscarelli, S; Verrecchia, L; Le Saec, O; Coscarelli, A; Santoro, R; De Campora, E

    2007-01-01

    Summary Dysphagia is a constant complication of subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy, due to modifications in the anatomy and in sensitivity of the larynx and pharynx. The reduced sphincteric activity of the larynx can enhance aspiration with a higher risk of pneumonia. In our opinion, the presence of the tracheotomy tube in the first weeks after surgery interferes with proper mobility of the laryngo-tracheal axis during swallowing, as it anchors the trachea to the skin. We have conducted swallowing rehabilitation, without the tracheotomy tube, ready to aspirate eventual saliva or food debris dropping into the trachea. This protocol has been applied in 33 patients undergoing subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy and better patient compliance and swallowing performance were observed. The period to recover complete autonomous oral intake is less than one month and none of these patients showed signs or symptoms of aspiration pneumonia during hospitalisation or follow-up. This rehabilitation protocol is, therefore, a valid and effective alternative to other well-known procedures. PMID:18320833

  20. Consequences of partial and subtotal colectomy in the rat.

    PubMed Central

    Masesa, P C; Forrester, J M

    1977-01-01

    Rats were subjects to right hemicolectomy (including removal of the caecum), left hemicolectomy or subtotal colectomy. Body weight resumed and maintained a rate of increase very similar to that in control rats. After hemicolectomy, food intake showed no change. Faecal weight increased by about one-third after right hemicolectomy, but did not increase after left hemicolectomy. After right hemicolectomy, the remaining--that is, downstream--portion of the colon showed increase in weight, and so did the (upstream) small intestine, in which the increase involved all three-thirds of its length and was predominantly mucosal. No such changes in the remaining colon or in small intestine were found after left hemicolectomy. After subtotal hemicolectomy, rats ate 30-40% more food than control rats, and faecal weight increased 60% at three months after operation. Study of energy intake and output indicated diminished absorption. All three-thirds of the small intestine showed increase in weight, predominantly mucosal in the upper two-thirds and predominantly seromuscular in the lowest third; villi were taller at all levels. Evidence suggests that the increase in food intake is not due to cessation of coprophagy, and that the small intestine changes are not due solely to increased food intake and occur when the colon is bypassed but not removed. PMID:838400

  1. Long term thyroid function after subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves' disease.

    PubMed

    Busnardo, B; Girelli, M E; Rubello, D; Eccher, C; Betterle, C

    1988-05-01

    Between 1973 and 1980, 93 patients with Graves' disease underwent subtotal thyroidectomy by the same surgeon (the size of thyroid remnant was 4 g per side). No case of operative mortality, no case of thyroid storm nor of surgical complications occurred. Three months after surgery 40% of patients were euthyroid, 25% had overt hypothyroidism, 35% had subclinical hypothyroidism. In the following yr important variations of thyroid function were observed. The number of patients with subclinical hypothyroidism decreased slowly (22% and 9% at 3 and 6 yr, respectively), and some became euthyroid, some hypothyroid, others relapsed. Seven patients had recurrent hyperthyroidism. In particular at 3 yr 45% of patients were euthyroid, 28% had overt hypothyroidism, 22% had subclinical hypothyroidism, 4% had recurrence; at 6 yr 56% were euthyroid, 32% had overt hypothyroidism, 9% had subclinical hypothyroidism, 3% had recurrence. Four out of the 8 patients operated under 20-yr-old became hypothyroid in comparison with only 2 out of the 15 patients over 50-yr-old. Relapses were present only in patients operated at less than 40-yr and only in females. No correlation was found between thyroid lymphocytic infiltration and thyroid function after surgery, nor between the presence of antithyroid antibodies and hypothyroidism. All cases who relapsed had high TMA titers both before and after operation. This study confirms the need for accurate follow-up after subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves' disease.

  2. Nephrectomy for benign disease in the UK: results from the British Association of Urological Surgeons nephrectomy database.

    PubMed

    Zelhof, Bachar; McIntyre, Iain G; Fowler, Sarah M; Napier-Hemy, Richard D; Burke, Daniel M; Grey, Ben R

    2016-01-01

    To summarize the practice of UK urologists with regard to nephrectomy for benign disease, documenting the indications, procedural techniques and outcomes. All patients undergoing nephrectomy for a benign condition in 2012 were identified from the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) nephrectomy database. Recorded variables included the technique of surgery, the type of minimally invasive procedure, operating time, blood loss, transfusion rate, conversion rate, intra- and postoperative complications and mortality rate. Cases were also sub-analysed according to their pathologies to determine the differences in complication rate between stone disease, pyelonephritis, non-functioning kidney and other benign lesions. To contextualize procedural complexity, the simple nephrectomy data were compared with those obtained from the BAUS stage T1 radical nephrectomy audit. A total of 1 093 nephrectomies were performed (537 non-functioning kidneys, 142 stone disease, 129 nephrectomies secondary to pyelonephritis and 285 cases with other benign conditions). Of these, 76% were performed laparoscopically. Blood loss >500 mL was noted in 74 cases with a 4.8% blood transfusion rate. The intra- and postoperative complication rates were 5.2 and 11.9%, respectively. Of the 847 minimally invasive procedures, the conversion rate was 5.9%. Patients with stone disease have the highest intra- and postoperative complications (9.9 and 23.9%, respectively) compared with other benign pathologies. The total number of T1 radical nephrectomies performed was 1 095. In comparison with T1 radical nephrectomy, simple nephrectomy carries an increased risk of conversion to an open procedure (1.8 times), a higher rate of blood transfusion (4.8 vs 2.8%), and a higher risk of intra- and postoperative complications (5.2 vs 3.7% and 11.9 vs 10%, respectively). The present study reports the largest series of nephrectomies performed for benign disease and the resultant data now support the bespoke

  3. [Surgical complications of nephrectomy in living donors].

    PubMed

    Rabii, R; Joual, A; Fekak, H; Moufid, K; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S; Khaleq, K; Idali, B; Harti, A; Barrou, L; Fatihi, M; Benghanem, M; Hachim, J; Ramdani, B; Zaid, D

    2002-05-01

    Renal transplantation from a living donor is now considered the best treatment for chronic renal failure. We reviewed the operative complications in 38 living related donor nephrectomies performed at our institution over the past 14 years. The mean age of our donors was 30 years old with age range between 18 and 58 years old and female predominance (55.2%). These swabs were realized by a posterolateral lumbar lombotomy with resection of the 11 third. The left kidney was removed in 34 donors (90%), surgical complications were noted in 39.4% of the cases: one case of wound of inferior vena cava (2.6%), one case of release of the renal artery clamp (2.6%), four cases of pleural grap (10.5%), one case of pneumothorax (2.6%), one case of pleurisy (2.6%), three cases of urinary infection (7.8%), three cases of parietal infection (7.8%) and one case of patient pain at the level of the wound (2.6%). There were no mortalities. We conclude that the morbidity of living donor nephrectomy is negligible compared with the advantages for the recipient.

  4. An Ultrasonic Clamp for Bloodless Partial Nephrectomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lafon, Cyril; Bouchoux, Guillaume; Murat, François Joseph; Birer, Alain; Theillère, Yves; Chapelon, Jean Yves; Cathignol, Dominique

    2007-05-01

    Maximum conservation of the kidney is preferable through partial nephrectomy for patients at risk of disease recurrence of renal cancers. Haemostatic tools are needed in order to achieve bloodless surgery and reduce post surgery morbidity. Two piezo-ceramic transducers operating at a frequency of 4 MHz were mounted on each arm of a clamp. When used for coagulation purposes, two transducers situated on opposite arms of the clamp were driven simultaneously. Heat delivery was optimized as each transducers mirrored back to targeted tissues the wave generated by the opposite transducer. Real-time treatment monitoring with an echo-based technique was also envisaged with this clamp. Therapy was periodically interrupted so one transducer could generate a pulse. The echo returning from the opposite transducer was treated. Coagulation necroses were obtained in vitro on substantial thicknesses (23-38mm) of pig liver over exposure durations ranging from 30s to 130s, and with acoustic intensities of less than 15W/cm2 per transducer. Both kidneys of two pigs were treated in vivo with the clamp (14.5W/cm2 for 90s), and the partial nephrectomies performed proved to be bloodless. In vitro and in vivo, wide transfixing lesions corresponded to an echo energy decrease superior to -10dB and parabolic form of the time of flight versus treatment time. In conclusion, this ultrasound clamp has proven to be an excellent mean for achieving monitored haemostasis in kidney.

  5. Obstructive Left Colon Cancer Should Be Managed by Using a Subtotal Colectomy Instead of Colonic Stenting

    PubMed Central

    Min, Chung Ki; Lee, Donghyoun; Jung, Kyung Uk; Lee, Sung Ryol; Kim, Hungdai; Chun, Ho-Kyung

    2016-01-01

    Purpose This study compared a subtotal colectomy to self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) insertion as a bridge to surgery for patients with left colon-cancer obstruction. Methods Ninety-four consecutive patients with left colon-cancer obstruction underwent an emergency subtotal colectomy or elective SEMS insertion between January 2007 and August 2014. Using prospectively collected data, we performed a retrospective comparative analysis on an intention-to-treat basis. Results A subtotal colectomy and SEMS insertion were attempted in 24 and 70 patients, respectively. SEMS insertion technically failed in 5 patients (7.1%). The mean age and rate of obstruction in the descending colon were higher in the subtotal colectomy group than the SEMS group. Sex, underlying disease, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, and pathological stage showed no statistical difference. Laparoscopic surgery was performed more frequently in patients in the SEMS group (62 of 70, 88.6%) than in patients in the subtotal colectomy group (4 of 24, 16.7%). The overall rate of postoperative morbidity was higher in the SEMS group. No Clavien-Dindo grade III or IV complications occurred in the subtotal colectomy group, but 2 patients (2.9%) died from septic complications in the SEMS group. One patient (4.2%) in the subtotal colectomy group had synchronous cancer. The total hospital stay was shorter in the subtotal colectomy group. The median number of bowel movements in the subtotal colectomy group was twice per day at postoperative 3–6 months. Conclusion A subtotal colectomy for patients with obstructive left-colon cancer is a clinically and oncologically safer, 1-stage, surgical strategy compared to SEMS insertion as a bridge to surgery. PMID:28119864

  6. Novel dynamic information integration during da Vinci robotic partial nephrectomy and radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Bhayani, Sam B; Snow, Devon C

    2008-07-01

    With the increasing discovery of small renal neoplasms, minimally invasive excisional approaches have become more popular. Robotic partial nephrectomy is an emerging procedure. During robotic renal surgery, the console surgeon often has a need to view images or other data during the surgical dissection. Herein, we describe the preliminary use of integrative surgical imaging in the console surgical view during 20 cases of robotic partial and radical nephrectomy. Integration of this technology, termed Tilepro, allows the surgeon to view data within the robotic console and thus prevents disengagement. The success rate of transmission was 95% and the usefulness of the transmission was 89%. Complications included delayed transmission and cabling issues. This technology is useful in robotic renal surgery and may have benefits in telepresence or other surgical fields.

  7. Review of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy in modern practice

    PubMed Central

    Weaver, John; Benway, Brian M.

    2015-01-01

    Partial nephrectomy (PN) is currently the standard treatment for T1 renal tumors. Minimally invasive PN offers decreased blood loss, shorter length of stay, rapid convalescence, and improved cosmesis. Due to the challenges inherent in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, its dissemination has been stifled. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) offers an intuitive platform to perform minimally invasive PN. It is one of the fastest growing robotic procedures among all surgical subspecialties. RAPN continues to improve upon the oncological and functional outcomes of renal tumor extirpative therapy. Herein, we describe the surgical technique, outcomes, and complications of RAPN.

  8. Post partial nephrectomy surveillance imaging: an evidence-based approach.

    PubMed

    Marconi, Lorenzo; Gorin, Michael A; Allaf, Mohamad E

    2015-04-01

    To ensure the early detection of recurrent disease, all patients should undergo routine surveillance following partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. In order to optimize resource allocation and avoid unnecessary radiation exposure, the frequency and duration of surveillance should be tailored to the individual patient's risk of cancer recurrence. The evidence for surveillance after partial nephrectomy is presented reviewing the current literature on prognostic models and proposed surveillance protocols based on the timing and patterns of renal cell carcinoma recurrence. In addition, we review recent guidelines on post partial nephrectomy surveillance as well as the literature on novel imaging techniques that may aid in early disease discovery.

  9. Interventional Management of Renal Bleeding after Partial Nephrectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Baumann, Clemens Westphalen, Kerstin; Fuchs, Heiko; Oesterwitz, Helmut; Hierholzer, Johannes

    2007-09-15

    Objective. Partial nephrectomy (PN) has emerged as a serious alternative to nephrectomy in oncologic therapy of renal tumours. While complications are rare in general, renal hemorrhage may occur und necessitate angiographic embolization. In this retrospective study, we evaluate the clinical, imaging and procedural findings of seven interventions in five patients with renal hemorrhage after PN. In four out of five patients (80%) the bleeding could be treated successfully by embolotherapy. Conclusion. Angiographic embolization in patients with renal hemorrhage after PN is feasible and has a high success rate. The procedure might facilitate avoidance of nephrectomy.

  10. Osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap in subtotal nasal reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Moore, Alexander Michael; Montgomery, Jenny; McMahon, Jeremy; Sheikh, Saghir

    2014-01-01

    A 66-year-old man presented with a large squamous cell carcinoma of the right nasal vestibule. He underwent partial rhinectomy and medial maxillectomy followed by staged reconstruction. Reconstruction of a full-thickness nasal defect requires repair of three distinct layers: the skin–soft tissue envelope, subsurface framework and intranasal lining. We report the first use in the UK of an osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap in the reconstruction of a subtotal nasal deficit. The skin of the radial forearm free flap was tubed to recreate the nasal lining and the radial bone reconstructed the dorsal contour of the nose. A full-thickness paramedian forehead flap supplied external coverage. The osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap and forehead flap is a viable option for large nasal defects requiring reconstruction of framework, nasal lining and external covering. PMID:25427933

  11. [Wernicke encephalopathy after subtotal gastrectomy for morbid obesity].

    PubMed

    Gabaudan, C; La-Folie, T; Sagui, E; Soulier, B; Dion, A-M; Richez, P; Brosset, C

    2008-05-01

    Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is one of the potential complications of obesity surgery. It is an acute neuropsychiatric syndrome resulting from thiamine deficiency often associated with repeated vomiting. The classic triad is frequently reported in these patients (optic neuropathy, ataxia and confusion), associated with uncommon features. Cerebral impairment affects the dorsal medial nucleus of the thalamus and the periaqueductal grey area, appearing on MRI, as hyperintense signals on T2, Flair and Diffusion weighted imaging. Early diagnosis and parenteral thiamine are required to decrease morbidity and mortality. We report a case of WE and Korsakoff's syndrome in a young obese patient after subtotal gastrectomy, who still has substantial sequelae. The contribution of MRI with diffusion-weighted imaging is illustrated. The interest of nutritional supervision in the first weeks and preventive thiamine supplementation in case of repeated vomiting are of particular importance in these risky situations.

  12. Management of chronic otitis media by subtotal petrosectomy.

    PubMed

    Altuna, Xabier; Navarro, Juan José; Goiburu, Miren; Palicio, Idoia

    2016-01-01

    Subtotal petrosectomy is the complete exenteration of all air cell tracts of the temporal bone. The isthmus of the Eustachian tube is obliterated and the external auditory canal is closed. The aim of this study was to describe the use of this technique in the management of certain cases of chronic otitis media. We conducted a retrospective revision of the patients treated in our Institution with this technique for chronic otitis media in a 5-year period (2008-2012). All charts were reviewed and data from the otomicroscopy, audiometry, radiology, surgical findings, postoperative complications and follow-up (including diffusion magnetic resonance imaging, MRI) of a minimum of 24 months were collected. In this period petrosectomy was performed on 28 patients for chronic otitis media. We treated 13 cases as primary cases, while 15 cases were secondary (patients that had already undergone another procedure in that ear). Fifteen cases had no serviceable hearing. Only 1 case had an immediate postoperative complication (infection); during the posterior follow-up, 2 cases had to be reoperated for diffusion restriction in the mastoid area revealed in the MRI 2 years after surgery. A subtotal petrosectomy is rarely performed for the treatment of chronic otitis media. However, it is a technique that we have to keep in mind for the treatment of certain cases where there is recurrence and deep hearing loss, as well as in cases with good cochlear reserve if the disease coexists with other complications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.

  13. [Reconstructive subtotal laryngectomy in the treatment of laryngeal cancer].

    PubMed

    Romani, U; Bergamini, G; Ghidini, A; Luppi, M P

    1996-12-01

    Surgical techniques of sub-total reconstructive laryngectomies can often prevent the serious impairment of total laryngectomy without having to relinquish oncological radicality. The aim of the present work has been to report on the experience in this field accrued in the ENT Department of the University of Modena from 1987 to 1992. During this period 54 subtotal laryngectomies were performed. Of these, 13 were crico-hyoido-epiglotto-pexies (C.H.E.P.) and the remaining 41 were crico-hyoido-pexies (C.H.P.). The criteria suggested in the literature was adopted for tumor evaluation, surgical indications and contraindications. All the patients had a follow-up of at least 2 years and 31 of them have had at least 5 years of follow-up. There were 9 deaths: 3 due to intervening illnesses, 2 from second primary tumors and 4 from tumor and/or node recurrences. The overall survival was 83.3% at 2 years and 77.6% at 5 years. Determinate survival (ruling out those who had died because of intervening illnesses) were 88.2% and 80%, respectively. There were 11 neoplastic repetitions of which 2 were of the primary tumor, 2 of the primary tumor plus cervical metastases, and 7 of cervical metastases alone. Recovery surgery was performed in 9 patients, 5 of whom are still alive and disease free. Functional recovery (respiration, deglutition) took place slightly earlier in C.H.E.P. than in C.H.P. but in both cases this could be shortened, particularly by introducing a rehabilitative protocol during the immediate post-operative period. In no case did it prove necessary to perform a total laryngectomy to avoid "ab ingestis" problems and only one patient has a permanent tracheostomy.

  14. Zero ischemia laparoscopic partial thulium laser nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Arun Z; Smyth, Lisa; Hennessey, Derek; O'Kelly, Fardod; Moran, Diarmaid; Lynch, Thomas H

    2013-11-01

    Laser technology presents a promising alternative to achieve tumor excision and renal hemostasis with or without hilar occlusion, yet its use in partial nephrectomy has not been significantly evaluated. We prospectively evaluated the thulium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in our institution over a 1-year period. We used the thulium laser with a wavelength of 2013 nm in the infrared spectrum. Data were recorded prospectively. Tumor size, preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical classification (PADUA) score, operative time, warm ischemia time (WIT), and perioperative and postoperative morbidity were recorded. Blood loss, preoperative and postoperative creatinine level, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were also collected. A total of 15 patients underwent consecutive LPN. The mean tumour diameter was 2.85 (1.5-4). The mean PADUA score was 6.8 (6-9). The mean total operative time was 168 minutes (128-306 min). Mean blood loss was 341 mL (0-800 mL). Date of discharge was 3.2 days postoperatively (2-8 days). The renal vessels were not clamped, resulting in a WIT of 0 minutes in all cases. There was no statistical significant increase in serum creatinine level or decrease in eGFR postoperatively. Histologically, the majority of lesions (13/15 patients) were renal-cell carcinoma stage pT1a. In all cases, base margins had negative results for tumor. The 2013-nm thulium laser system offers excellent hemostasis and precise resection capability of the renal cortex during LPN of small partially exophytic renal tumors. Our series showed excellent perioperative functional and pathologic outcomes, including minimal blood loss, zero ischemia, negative tumor margins, and preservation of renal function.

  15. Comparison of Acute and Chronic Pain after Open Nephrectomy versus Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: A Prospective Clinical Trial.

    PubMed

    Alper, Isik; Yüksel, Esra

    2016-04-01

    We evaluated postoperative pain intensity and the incidence of chronic pain in patients with renal cell carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic or open radical nephrectomy. In this prospective study, 27 laparoscopic nephrectomy (Group LN) and 25 open nephrectomy (Group ON) patients were included. All patients received paracetamol infusion and intramuscular morphine 30 minutes before the end of the operation and intravenous patient controlled analgesia with morphine postoperatively. Data including patients' demographics, visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores at postoperative 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours, postoperative morphine consumption, analgesic demand, analgesic delivery, number of patients requiring rescue analgesics, side effects because of analgesic medications, and overall patient satisfaction were recorded and compared between the two groups. Two and 6 months after the operation, patients were evaluated for chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). Postoperative average VAS pain scores were not different between the two groups. However, only at 2 hours postoperatively, pain score was significantly higher in Group ON than in Group LN. In both groups, the highest pain scores were recorded at 30 minutes and 1 hour after surgery. Ninety-six percent of group ON patients and 88% of group LN patients required additional analgesia in the early postoperative period (P = 0.33). Postoperative morphine consumption and analgesic demand were found to be similar between the two groups. CPSP at 2 months after surgery was observed in 4 out of 25 patients (16%) in the ON group and 3 out of 27 patients (11.1%) in the LN group (P = 0.6). Chronic pain at 6 months after surgery was observed in 1 ON patient (4%) and 1 LN patient (3.7%, P = 0.9). This study demonstrated that postoperative acute pain scores were not different after laparoscopic or open nephrectomy and patients undergoing laparoscopic or open nephrectomy were at equal risk of developing CPSP. Pain control

  16. Comparison of Acute and Chronic Pain after Open Nephrectomy versus Laparoscopic Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Alper, Isik; Yüksel, Esra

    2016-01-01

    Abstract We evaluated postoperative pain intensity and the incidence of chronic pain in patients with renal cell carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic or open radical nephrectomy. In this prospective study, 27 laparoscopic nephrectomy (Group LN) and 25 open nephrectomy (Group ON) patients were included. All patients received paracetamol infusion and intramuscular morphine 30 minutes before the end of the operation and intravenous patient controlled analgesia with morphine postoperatively. Data including patients’ demographics, visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores at postoperative 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours, postoperative morphine consumption, analgesic demand, analgesic delivery, number of patients requiring rescue analgesics, side effects because of analgesic medications, and overall patient satisfaction were recorded and compared between the two groups. Two and 6 months after the operation, patients were evaluated for chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). Postoperative average VAS pain scores were not different between the two groups. However, only at 2 hours postoperatively, pain score was significantly higher in Group ON than in Group LN. In both groups, the highest pain scores were recorded at 30 minutes and 1 hour after surgery. Ninety-six percent of group ON patients and 88% of group LN patients required additional analgesia in the early postoperative period (P = 0.33). Postoperative morphine consumption and analgesic demand were found to be similar between the two groups. CPSP at 2 months after surgery was observed in 4 out of 25 patients (16%) in the ON group and 3 out of 27 patients (11.1%) in the LN group (P = 0.6). Chronic pain at 6 months after surgery was observed in 1 ON patient (4%) and 1 LN patient (3.7%, P = 0.9). This study demonstrated that postoperative acute pain scores were not different after laparoscopic or open nephrectomy and patients undergoing laparoscopic or open nephrectomy were at equal risk of developing CPSP. Pain

  17. Survival benefit of partial nephrectomy: Reconciling experimental and observational data.

    PubMed

    Tan, Hung-Jui

    2015-12-01

    Given recent epidemiological and practice trends, small kidney cancers are poised to become a focus of modern-day surgical care provided by urologists and urologic oncologists. For the past decade, partial nephrectomy has been viewed as preferable to radical nephrectomy for the treatment of many patients with early-stage kidney cancer, partly because observational studies suggest a survival benefit with nephron sparing. More recently, European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 30904--a phase 3 randomized control trial--demonstrated better survival for patients treated with radical vs. partial nephrectomy. Shortly thereafter, an instrumental variable analysis reported a survival advantage with partial nephrectomy. Although seemingly contradictory, these studies are potentially reconcilable when considering methodological differences and other empiric work.

  18. Malabsorption and subtotal villous atrophy secondary to pulmonary and intestinal tuberculosis

    PubMed Central

    Fung, W. P.; Tan, K. K.; Yu, S. F.; Kho, K. M.

    1970-01-01

    A case of malabsorption and subtotal villous atrophy secondary to pulmonary and intestinal tuberculosis is reported. The patient was a 21-year-old Chinese girl who had active pulmonary tuberculosis, malabsorption, subtotal villous atrophy, atrophic gastritis with hypochlorhydria, ileal stricture, and a severe non-specific anaemia. There was also evidence to suggest protein-losing enteropathy. The association of subtotal villous atrophy and atrophic gastritis with tuberculosis is discussed. When antituberuclous therapy was instituted, improvement was marked not only clinically but also in the tests for intestinal absorption and in the jejunal mucosa. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Fig. 3Fig. 4 PMID:5423899

  19. Effects of nephrectomy on respiratory function and quality of life of living donors: a longitudinal study

    PubMed Central

    Moraes, Karen; Paisani, Denise M.; Pacheco, Nathália C. T.; Chiavegato, Luciana D.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A living donor transplant improves the survival and quality of life of a transplant patient. However, the impact of transplantation on postoperative lung function and respiratory muscular strength in kidney donors remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, quality of life and the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in kidney donors undergoing nephrectomy. METHOD: This prospective cohort enrolled 110 consecutive kidney donors undergoing nephrectomy. Subjects underwent pulmonary function (using spirometry) and respiratory muscular strength (using manovacuometry) assessments on the day prior to surgery and 1, 2, 3 and 5 days postoperatively. Quality of life (measured by the SF-36) was evaluated preoperatively and 30 days postoperatively. PPCs were assessed daily by a blinded assessor. RESULTS: Donors exhibited a decrease of 27% in forced vital capacity, 58% in maximum inspiratory capacity and 51% in maximum expiratory pressure on the 1stpostoperative day (p<0.001) but this improved over days 2, 3 and 5 but had not returned to preoperative levels. Patient quality of life was still impaired at 30 days with regards to functional capacity, physical role, pain, vitality and social functioning (p<0.05) but these parameters improved slowly. None of the patients developed PPCs. CONCLUSION: Kidney donors submitted to nephrectomy exhibited a reduction in pulmonary function, respiratory muscular strength and quality of life, most of which were improving toward pre-surgical levels. PMID:26443973

  20. Mechanism of adrenal angiotensin II receptor changes after nephrectomy in rats.

    PubMed Central

    Douglas, J G

    1981-01-01

    At 48 h after bilateral nephrectomy in rats there is a two- to threefold increase in the number of adrenal angiotensin II receptors and a decrease in Kd of smooth muscle angiotensin II receptors. These changes have been attributed to the absence of circulating angiotensin II. Serum K+, which increases after nephrectomy may be an important and overlooked modulator. Therefore, the present experiments were designed to assess the role of K+ as a regulator of angiotensin II receptors after nephrectomy. Serum K+ was controlled with Na polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate), a resin designed to exchange Na+ for K+ in the gastrointestinal tract. Acutely nephrectomized rats were divided into two groups: experimental animals received Kayexalate resin every 12 h for four doses, and controls received Kayexalate exchanged with KCl in vitro before gavage. There was a significant positive correlation serum K+ and aldosterone (r = 0.78, P less than 0.001). Kayexalate maintained a normal serum K+ of 5.9 +/- 0.2 meq/liter (n = 27), aldosterone 25 +/- 3 ng/dl (n = 27) and adrenal receptor concentration of 934 +/- 156 fmol/mg protein (n = 4). Control animals had significantly higher serum K+ of 10.5 +/- 0.4 meq/liter (n = 23), aldosterone 435 +/- 32 (n = 23), and adrenal receptors of 2726 +/- 235 fmol/mg protein (n = 4). There was a linear relationship between serum K+ and number of adrenal receptors (r = 0.87). No such relationship was present in uterine smooth muscle. Therefore, these studies demonstrate that K+ modulates the number of adrenal but not smooth muscle angiotensin II receptors after nephrectomy. This is the first evidence that potassium modulates angiotensin II receptors independently of changes in angiotensin II blood levels. PMID:6259213

  1. R-LESS partial nephrectomy trifecta outcome is inferior to multiport robotic partial nephrectomy: comparative analysis.

    PubMed

    Komninos, Christos; Shin, Tae Young; Tuliao, Patrick; Yoon, Young Eun; Koo, Kyo Chul; Chang, Chien-Hsiang; Kim, Sang Woon; Ha, Ji Yong; Han, Woong Kyu; Rha, Koon Ho

    2014-09-01

    Trifecta achievement in partial nephrectomy (PN) is defined as the combination of warm ischemia time ≤ 20 min, negative surgical margins, and no surgical complications. To compare trifecta achievement between robotic, laparoendoscopic, single-site (R-LESS) PN and multiport robotic PN (RPN). Data from 167 patients who underwent RPN from 2006 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Primary outcome measurement was trifecta achievement; secondary outcome was the perioperative and postoperative comparison between groups. The measurements were estimated and analyzed with SPSS v.18 using univariable, multivariable, and subgroup analyses. Eighty-nine patients were treated with RPN and 78 were treated with R-LESS PN. Baseline characteristics of both groups were similar. Trifecta was achieved in 38 patients (42.7%) in the multiport RPN group and 20 patients (25.6%) in the R-LESS PN group (p=0.021). Patients in the R-LESS PN group had longer mean operative time, warm ischemia time, and increased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) percentage change. No significant differences were found between the two groups in days of hospitalization, blood loss, postoperative eGFR, positive surgical margins, and surgical complications. Patients with increased PADUA and RENAL scores, infiltration of the collecting system, and renal sinus involvement had an increased probability of not achieving the trifecta. In regression analysis, the type of procedure and the tumor size could predict trifecta accomplishment (p=0.019 and 0.043, respectively). The retrospective study, the low number of series, and the controversial definition of trifecta were the main limitations. The trifecta was achieved in significantly more patients who underwent multiport RPN than those who underwent R-LESS PN. R-LESS PN could be an alternative option for patients with decreased tumor size, low PADUA and RENAL scores, and without renal sinus or collecting system involvement. In this study, we looked at the

  2. [Subtotal laryngectomy in the treatment of extensive tumors of the larynx].

    PubMed

    Chevalier, D; Thill, C; Darras, J A; Piquet, J J

    1991-01-01

    The authors assess the possibility to perform subtotal laryngectomy for extensive tumors of the endolarynx. They describe a particular variety of T3/T4 tumor extending anteriorly to the thyroid cartilage or to the pre-epiglottic space. Such tumors do not affect the arytenoid cartilages posteriorly, which makes functional subtotal laryngectomy with CHP or CHEP possible. This surgery was performed in 28 patients from 1972 to 1985, with 20 patients still living after 5 years, ie. 72% of all cases.

  3. Clinical outcomes of subtotal cholecystectomy performed for difficult cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Shin, Minho; Choi, Namkyu; Yoo, Youngsun; Kim, Yooseok; Kim, Sungsoo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC) can be an alternative surgical technique for difficult cholecystectomies. Surgeons performing LSC sometimes leave the posterior wall of the gallbladder (GB) to shorten the operation time and avoid liver injury. However, leaving the inflamed posterior GB wall is a major concern. In this study, we evaluated the clinical outcomes of standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLC), LSC, and LSC removing only anterior wall of the GB (LSCA). Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed between January 2006 to December 2015 and analyzed the outcomes of SLC, LSC, and LSCA. Results A total of 1,037 patients underwent SLC. 22 patients underwent LSC; and 27 patients underwent LSCA. The mean operating times of SLC, LSC, and LSCA were 41, 74, and 68 minutes, respectively (P < 0.01). Blood loss was 5, 45, and 33 mL (P < 0.05). The mean lengths of postoperative hospitalization were 3.4, 5.4, and 5.8 days. Complications occurred in 24 SLC patients (2.3%), 2 LSC patients (9%), and 1 LSCA patient (3.7%). There was no mortality among the LSC and LSCA patients. Conclusion LSC and LSCA are safe and feasible alternatives for difficult cholecystectomies. These procedures help surgeons avoid bile duct injury and conversion to laparotomy. LSCA has the benefits of shorter operation time and less bleeding compared to LSC. PMID:27847794

  4. [Subtotal thyroid resection in severe, iodine-induced hyperthyroidism].

    PubMed

    Hintze, G; Lepsien, G; Becker, H D; Köbberling, J

    1985-09-01

    Iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis due to iodine application in high amounts in patients with circumscript or disseminated thyroid autonomy, is complicated by a prolonged course, mainly due to a resistance to conservative therapy with thiourea derivates. We therefore decided to perform an early subtotal thyroidectomy in 24 thyrotoxic patients. This measure is in contrast to the common opinion that surgery should only be performed after normalization of thyroid hormones. In all 24 patients with severe hyperthyroidism, including three patients with thyroid storm, hormone levels decreased within a few days after surgery to normal or subnormal values and the clinical picture of thyrotoxicosis disappeared. In the case of thyroid storm the signs of disorientation normalized within 1-3 days. One patient died five weeks after surgery due to severe concomitant diseases. One patient exhibited transitory respiration distress and another had postoperative hypocalcemia. In 13 patients L-thyroxine replacement became necessary due to subclinical or clinical hypothyroidism. Surgery as a early treatment for thyrotoxicosis should be reserved for patients with severe illness where conservative treatment has been shown to be ineffective. In rare selected cases, when a rapid normalization is required, surgery without preoperative treatment seems to be justified. The effect of surgery was impressive in all our cases and there were only minor perioperative complications.

  5. Evaluation of voice and speech following subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy.

    PubMed

    Pastore, A; Yuceturk, A V; Trevisi, P

    1998-01-01

    Subtotal reconstructive laryngectomy (SRL) can be used to preserve voice in the treatment of selected laryngeal carcinomas. This study was designed to analyze both voice and speech results achieved after SRL in 14 male patients, aged from 48 to 73 years. Surgery was performed between 1983 and 1993. Fundamental frequencies, ranges of frequency, intensities, and intensity ranges were established using an S.I. 80 Philips AAC 600 Audio Active Comparative Language System. Five prolonged vowels and six phonetically balanced sentences were recorded on a tape positioned at a distance of 30 cm from the mouth of each patient during a 3-min recording time. The recorded material was then evaluated by a panel of ten trained listeners who were asked to consider the qualitative parameters and perceptual characteristics of voice and speech according to a scorecard modified from one devised by Voiers and Formigoni. Although a decrease was determined in Fundamental Frequency and intensity of the voice when compared to normal values, the quality and perception of speech were found to be satisfactory. The verbal message could be understood almost exactly by means of constant sonority, correct articulation and improved pneumophonic coordination. These values demonstrate that the new voice achieved after SRL is less sonorous and allows for understandable and socially acceptable speech.

  6. Changes in the thyroid function of Graves' disease patients treated by subtotal thyroidectomy.

    PubMed

    Sugino, Kiminori; Ito, Koichi; Nagahama, Mitsuji; Kitagawa, Wataru; Shibuya, Hiroshi; Ohkuwa, Keiko; Yano, Yukiko; Uruno, Takashi; Akaishi, Junko; Suzuki, Akifumi; Masaki, Chie; Ito, Kunihiko

    2012-01-01

    The extent of thyroidectomy in Graves' disease is still a matter of controversy. Subtotal thyroidectomy has been used as the standard surgical procedure for Graves' disease in Japan, but high hyperthyroidism relapse rates have been reported. We retrospectively studied serial changes in the thyroid function Graves' disease patients after they had been treated by subtotal thyroidectomy and assessed whether subtotal thyroidectomy should be recommended as the standard surgical procedure for the treatment of Graves' disease. The subjects were 478 Graves' disease patients who underwent subtotal thyroidectomy at our institution between 1994 and 1997 and were followed up on a regular basis, and their thyroid function 2-3 years after surgery (the early period) and 8-10 years after surgery (the late period) was evaluated and compared. The evaluations in the late period showed that 57% of the euthyroid patients in the early period remained euthyroid, 30% had developed a relapse of hyperthyroidism, and 13 % had become hypothyroid. Approximately 80% of the patients who were overtly hyperthyroid or overtly hypothyroid in the early period remained so in the late period. During the entire periods 47 patients had subclinical hyperthyroidism and were followed up without any postoperative medication. Twenty (42.6%) of them developed overt hyperthyroidism, 11 (23.4%) experienced a spontaneous remission, and 16 (34%) continued to be subclinically hyperthyroid. Because thyroid function after subtotal thyroidectomy is unstable and reduces quality of life, subtotal thyroidectomy is concluded not to be suitable as a standard surgical procedure for the treatment of Graves' disease.

  7. Age-Related Alterations in Regeneration of the Urinary Bladder after Subtotal Cystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Burmeister, David M.; AbouShwareb, Tamer; Bergman, Christopher R.; Andersson, Karl-Erik; Christ, George J.

    2014-01-01

    Prior work documented that surgical removal of approximately 70% of the bladder (subtotal cystectomy) in 12-week-old female rats induced complete functional regeneration of the bladder within 8 weeks. To determine whether animal age affects bladder regeneration, female F344 rats aged 12 weeks (young) and 12 months (old) underwent subtotal cystectomy, and then were evaluated from 1 to 26 weeks after subtotal cystectomy. At 26 weeks after subtotal cystectomy, bladder capacity in young animals was indistinguishable from that in age-matched controls, but bladder capacity in old animals was only approximately 56% of that in age-matched controls. There was no detectable difference in residual volume among treatment groups, but the diminished regeneration in old animals was associated with a corresponding increase in the ratio of residual volume to micturition volume. The majority of old animals exhibited evidence of chronic kidney damage after subtotal cystectomy. Maximal contraction of bladder strips to electrical field stimulation, as well as activation with carbachol, phenylephrine, and KCl, were lower in old than in young animals at 26 weeks after subtotal cystectomy. Immunostaining with proliferating cell nuclear antigen and Von Willebrand factor revealed delayed and/or diminished proliferative and angiogenic responses, respectively, in old animals. These results confirm prior work and suggest that multiple mechanisms may contribute to an age-related decline in the regenerative capacity of the bladder. PMID:24012523

  8. Comparison of renal function after donor and radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Gazel, Eymen; Biçer, Sait; Ölçücüoğlu, Erkan; Yığman, Metin; Taştemur, Sedat; Çamtosun, Ahmet; Ceylan, Cavit; Ateş, Can

    2015-04-01

    Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is directly proportionate to nephron reserves. In this respect, it is known that the patients who underwent radical nephrectomy due to renal tumor are under high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the long term. In this study, it was aimed to compare post-operative renal functions of patients who underwent radical nephrectomy due to renal malignancy and who underwent donor nephrectomy as renal donors, to observe whether renal failure process develops or not, and to determine the factors that affect post-operative renal functions. 70 patients who underwent donor nephrectomy as renal donors and 130 patients who underwent radical nephrectomy due to renal tumor were studied. When we divided the groups as those with a GFR of below 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and those with a GFR of above 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), we observed that GFR values of patients who underwent radical nephrectomy had a significantly stronger tendency to stay below 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) compared to patients who underwent donor nephrectomy (p < 0.001). When we divided the groups as those with a GFR of below 30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and those with a GFR of above 30 mL/min/1.73 m(2), we observed that there were no patients in donor nephrectomy group whose GFR values dropped below 30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and there was not a statistically significant difference between the groups (p = 0.099). If possible, nephron sparing methods should be preferred for patients to undergo nephrectomy because of the tumor without ignoring oncologic results and it should be remembered that patient's age and pre-operative renal functions may affect post-operative results in donor selection.

  9. Decline in renal function after partial nephrectomy: etiology and prevention.

    PubMed

    Mir, Maria C; Ercole, Cesar; Takagi, Toshio; Zhang, Zhiling; Velet, Lily; Remer, Erick M; Demirjian, Sevag; Campbell, Steven C

    2015-06-01

    Partial nephrectomy is the reference standard for the management of small renal tumors and is commonly used for localized kidney cancer. A primary goal of partial nephrectomy is to preserve as much renal function as possible. New baseline glomerular filtration rate after partial nephrectomy can have prognostic significance with respect to long-term outcomes. Recent studies provide an increased understanding of the factors that determine functional outcomes after partial nephrectomy as well as preventive measures to minimize functional decline. We review these advances, highlight ongoing controversies and stimulate further research. A comprehensive literature review consistent with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) criteria was performed from January 2006 to April 2014 using PubMed®, Cochrane and Ovid Medline. Key words included partial nephrectomy, renal function, warm ischemia, hypothermia, nephron mass, parenchymal volume, surgical approaches to partial nephrectomy, preoperative and intraoperative imaging, enucleation, hemostatic agents and energy based resection. Relevant reviews were also examined as well as their cited references. An additional Google Scholar search was conducted to broaden the scope of the review. Only English language articles were included in the analysis. The primary outcomes of interest were the new baseline level of function after early postoperative recovery, percent decline in function, potential etiologies and preventive measures. Decline in function after partial nephrectomy averages approximately 20% in the operated kidney, and can be due to incomplete recovery from the ischemic insult or loss of nephron mass related to parenchymal excision or collateral damage during reconstruction. Compensatory hypertrophy in the contralateral kidney after partial nephrectomy in adults is marginal and decline in global renal function for patients with 2 kidneys averages about 10%, although there is

  10. [RADICAL LAPAROSCOPIC NEPHRECTOMY WITH INFERIOR VENA CAVA THROMBECTOMY].

    PubMed

    Perlin, D V; Aleksandrov, I V; Zipunnikov, V P; Ljaljuev, A M

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy has proven itself as the "gold standard" treatment of renal cell carcinoma. Inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus is a complicating factor that occurs in 5% to 10% of patients with renal cell carcinoma. In world literature, there are only anecdotal reports on using laparoscopic approach for IVC thrombectomy in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Herein we report our experience of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy of the level II tumor thrombus in the IVC. Two patients (79-year-old female and 48-year-old male) underwent radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy from IVC for renal cell carcinoma T3bNxM0 complicated by the formation of a tumor thrombus in the IVC. To do this, IVC was isolated, the right gonadal and lumbar veins were ligated and transected. The IVC and the left renal vein blood flow were controlled with a plastic clip and Satinski clamp. After thrombectomy and resection of the IVC, the wall the defect was sutured with continuous Prolene suture. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy without conversion to open surgery was successfully carried out in both patients. During 6-18 months follow-up no local recurrence or distant metastasis were observed. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy for renal cell carcinoma complicated with tumor thrombus level II is a safe and reproducible method, which can be applied to a specific population of patients.

  11. Simple Laparoscopic Nephrectomy in Stone Disease: Not Always Simple.

    PubMed

    Angerri, Oriol; López, Juan Manuel; Sánchez-Martin, Francisco; Millán-Rodriguez, Félix; Rosales, Antonio; Villavicencio, Humberto

    2016-10-01

    Simple nephrectomy is performed for a benign pathology that does not require the excision of either the adrenal gland or any adenopathies. When it is carried out in cases of stone disease, however, it is frequently not a "simple" technique owing to the presence of significant inflammation and infection. Ninety-six simple laparoscopic nephrectomies performed because of stone disease between 2006 and 2015 were retrospectively studied. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed, as well as an evaluation of the associated complications. Of the 96 laparoscopic nephrectomies (62 left, 34 right), 7 (7.2%) had to be converted into open surgery owing to the impossibility of dissecting the renal hilum because of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (n = 4) or major associated lesions (n = 3). The indication for nephrectomy was lumbar pain associated with urinary infection, with a partial renal function below 15% assessed by DMSA renal scan. There were three major complications. Pathologic assessment revealed chronic pyelonephritis with kidney atrophy and associated pyonephrosis in 85 cases, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in 10, and pT4 squamous cell carcinoma in 1. Despite its high technical difficulty, simple laparoscopic nephrectomy for stones is a viable technique for advanced laparoscopists. Its principal advantage compared with open surgery is improved postsurgical recovery, and it is associated with an acceptable complication rate. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is not an initial contraindication to laparoscopy, but it is the most significant risk factor for conversion to open surgery.

  12. Robotic retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy: a four-arm approach.

    PubMed

    Feliciano, Joseph; Stifelman, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Robotic partial nephrectomy is an effective alternative to laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. The 3-arm and 4-arm transperitoneal robotic approaches are well described in the literature. However, a retroperitoneal robotic technique has yet to be fully described. We report our technique and initial experience with robotic retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy with a novel 4-arm approach. We reviewed our current experience with the robotic retroperitoneal approach. Descriptive statistics on patient characteristics, operative parameters, and oncologic outcomes are reported. A total of 67 robotic-assisted partial nephrectomies were performed by one surgeon between October 2009 and October 2010. The 4-arm retroperitoneal approach was used in 8 patients (12%) with no complications. Median tumor size was 2cm. All were posterior renal tumors, with 5 located in the upper pole. The median operative time, warm ischemia time, estimated blood loss, and length of stay were 202 minutes, 18 minutes, 100cc, and 2 days, respectively. Pathology indicated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in 7 patients with negative margins. The 4-arm robotic approach to retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy is safe, reproducible, and easily used. The fourth arm provides optimal traction on target tissues in key maneuvers and may decrease complications and positive margins secondary to impaired exposure.

  13. Five-sixth Nephrectomy in Female Common Marmosets(Callithrix jacchus) as a Chronic Renal Failure Model

    PubMed Central

    Yamaguchi, Itaru; Myojo, Kensuke; Sanada, Hiroko; Takami, Atsuko; Suzuki, Yui; Imaizumi, Minami; Takada, Chie; Kimoto, Naoya; Saeki, Koji; Yamate, Jyoji; Takaba, Katsumi

    2014-01-01

    To assess the relevance and availability of subtotal nephrectomized common marmoset monkeys as a chronic renal failure (CRF) model, we observed for 26 weeks the pathophysiological condition of female marmosets subjected to five-sixth surgical nephrectomy (5/6Nx) by a two-step surgical method. The 5/6Nx marmosets showed a significant increase in serum levels of urea nitrogen, creatinine and cystatin-C immediately after 5/6Nx surgery. These renal disorder parameters subsequently tended to decrease with the passage of time but remained higher than the control levels by the end of the study. Hyperplastic parathyroid glands, a high turnover state of osteodystrophy in the femoral bone with higher serum ALP activity and anemia with hypocellularity of bone marrow were evident. The 5/6Nx marmosets showed a stable CRF condition for a long time and some characteristic disorders similar to those observed in CRF patients. These diagnostic aspects might be a species-specific anatomical and physiological signature, reflecting the nutritional condition. The CRF model using 5/6Nx marmosets might become a useful method of evaluating the unique mechanism of CRF development. PMID:25378803

  14. [Pneumothorax during right-sided nephrectomy in a heifer].

    PubMed

    Nuss, K; Muggli, E; Gerspach, C; Schramm, S; Dettwiler, M; Bach, F; Ringer, S

    2016-01-01

    A 250-kg heifer had signs of colic attributable to urolithiasis of the right kidney. Medical treatment did not result in resolution of clinical signs, and nephrectomy was carried out. The surgery was started with the heifer standing, and the 13th rib was resected. However, during blunt dissection of the kidney, air suddenly entered the pleural space and the heifer had acute severe dyspnoea. The hole in the pleural cavity was sutured and a chest drain was placed. Inhalation anaesthesia was then induced and nephrectomy could be completed without further complications. The heifer was discharged 11 days postoperatively, and was healthy and had been integrated into the herd 12 months after surgery. Pneumothorax must be considered a possible complication of rib resection in right-sided nephrectomy in cattle.

  15. [Renal adaptation after experimental nephrectomy in animals: a review].

    PubMed

    Rouvellat-Terrade, P; Game, X; de Bonnecaze, G; Beauval, J-B; Mansouri, A; Doumerc, N; Rischmann, P; Malavaud, B

    2013-03-01

    OBJECTIVE AND DATA-GATHERING: We reviewed experimental litterature about kidney adaptation after nephrectomy in mammals. KNOWLEDGE SYNTHESIS: Renal mass increases after nephrectomy thanks to two components, one is immediately due to the rise of glomulary capillary vascular flow, other is linked to cellular modifications with hyperplasia stage which precedes hypertrophy stage. After nephrectomy, young animals show higher renal adaptability than adults. Similarly, the sex influences the remnant kidney parenchyma volume, the increase of glomerular filtration, the hyperplasia's intensity or length, the hypertrophy's metabolic pathways and the glomerular and tubular cells' injury. There is no question that renal compensatory is regulated by hormones such as IGF-1, TGFβ-1 and Ang-II. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: current perspectives and future prospects.

    PubMed

    Gautam, Gagan; Benway, Brian M; Bhayani, Sam B; Zorn, Kevin C

    2009-10-01

    The widespread adoption of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has been curtailed by its technical complexity. With the introduction of robotic technology, there is a potential for a shorter learning curve for minimally invasive nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). Initial published data on robot-assisted partial nephrectomy show promising perioperative outcomes comparable to large LPN series performed by highly experienced laparoscopic surgeons. Intraoperative parameters (operating room time, warm ischemia time, and blood loss) and short-term oncologic results demonstrate that this technique, unlike LPN, has a relatively short learning curve. Economic factors, as well as the necessity of an experienced bedside assistant, present the potential shortcomings of the procedure.

  17. [Right renal arteriovenous fistula after nephrectomy with streptococcal endarteritis].

    PubMed

    Natali, J; Emerit, J; Reynier, P; Maraval, M

    1975-01-18

    The authors add a new case, to the 41 already published, of arterio-venous fistula of the renal pedicle after nephrectomy, with the peculiarity of its presentation as a prolonged fever resulting from streptococcal bacterial endarteritis at the site of the fistula (3rd case in the literature). Surgical treatment in association with massive and prolonged antibiotic therapy resulted in recovery.

  18. Training techniques in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Raque, Jessica; Billeter, Adrian T; Lucich, Elizabeth; Marvin, Michael M; Sutton, Erica

    2015-10-01

    The learning curve to achieve competency in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) is poorly outlined. Online databases were searched for training in LDN. Abstracts and manuscripts were excluded if they did not address introduction of a laparoscopic technique for donor nephrectomy. Relevant manuscripts were reviewed for surgical technique, use of animal models, co-surgeons, surgeon specialty and training, institution type/volume, and assessment of training method. Forty-four met inclusion criteria, with 75% describing the evolution from open to LDN. Eighty-two percent were from academic centers, and 36% were from centers performing <25 donor nephrectomies each year. The learner was an attending surgeon 80% of the time, mostly urologists with prior laparoscopy or open nephrectomy experience. The learning curve, defined by decreased operating time, averaged 35 cases. Improved intra-operative, patient, and recipient outcomes were observed for centers performing ≥50 LDNs annually. The United Network of Organ Sharing requires 15 cases as surgeon or assistant to be certified as the primary LDN surgeon. This falls below the described learning curve for LDN. The assessment of training and competency for LDN is heterogeneous, and objective learner-based metrics could help surgeons and institutions reach a quality standard for performing this operation.

  19. Robotic partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinomas with venous tumor thrombus.

    PubMed

    Abaza, Ronney; Angell, Jordan

    2013-06-01

    To describe the first report of robotic partial nephrectomies (RPNs) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with venous tumor thrombus (VTT). Partial nephrectomy for RCC extending into the renal vein has been described in limited fashion, but such a complex procedure has not previously been reported in minimally-invasive fashion. We demonstrate the feasibility of robotic nephron-sparing surgery despite vein thrombi and the results of the initial four highly-selected patients to have undergone this novel procedure. Two patients underwent RPN for RCC with VTT involving intraparenchymal vein branches, and 2 others had VTT involving the main renal vein. Mean patient age was 65 years (range 50-74 years). Mean tumor size was 7.75 cm (range 4.3-12.8 cm) with mean RENAL (radius, exophytic/endophytic, nearness to collecting system, anterior/posterior, and location) nephrometry score of 9.75 (range 8-12). Mean warm ischemia time was 24.2 minutes (range 19-27 minutes) and mean estimated blood loss was 168.8 mL (range 100-300 mL). No patients required transfusion, and there were no intraoperative complications. No patients required conversion to open or standard laparoscopic surgery. All 4 patients were discharged home on the first postoperative day. A single postoperative complication occurred in 1 patient who was readmitted with an ileus that resolved spontaneously. All patients had negative surgical margins. Two patients developed metastatic disease on surveillance imaging. RPN in patients with VTT is safe and feasible in selected patients. Given the risk of metastatic disease in patients with pathologic stage T3a RCC, the role of nephron sparing requires further evaluation such that radical nephrectomy remains the standard of care. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Prospective study on laser-assisted laparascopic partial nephrectomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sroka, Ronald; Hennig, Georg; Zilinberg, Katja; Khoder, Wael Y.

    2012-02-01

    Introduction: Developments in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) opened a demand for surgical tools compatible with laparoscopic manipulations to make laser assisted technique safe, feasible and reproducible. Warm ischemia and bleeding during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy place technical constraints on surgeons. Therefore it was the aim to develop a safe and effective laser assisted partial nephrectomy technique without need for ischemia. Patients and methods: A diode laser emitting light at 1318nm in cw mode was coupled into a bare fibre (core diameter 600 μm) thus able to transfer up to 100W to the tissue. After dry lab experience, a total of 10 patients suffering from kidney malformations underwent laparoscopic/retroperitoneoscopic partial nephrectomy. Clinically, postoperative renal function and serum c-reactive protein (CRP) were monitored. Laser induced coagulation depth and effects on resection margins were evaluated. Demographic, clinical and follow-up data are presented. Using a commercial available fibre guidance instrument for lanringeal intervention, the demands on an innovative laser fibre guidance instrument for the laser assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LLPN) are summarized. Results: Overall, all laparascopic intervention were succesfull and could be performed without conversion to open surgery. Mean operative time and mean blood loss were comparable to conventional open and laparascopic approaches. Laser assisted resection of the kidney tissue took max 15min. After extirpation of the tumours all patients showed clinical favourable outcome during follow up period. Tumour sizes were measured to be up 5cm in diameter. The depth of the coagulation on the removed tissue ranged between <1 to 2mm without effect on histopathological evaluation of tumours or resection margin. As the surface of the remaining kidney surface was laser assisted coagulated after removal. The sealing of the surface was induced by a slightly larger coagulation

  1. Therapeutic use of fractionated total body and subtotal body irradiation. [X-rays

    SciTech Connect

    Loeffler, R.K.

    1981-05-01

    Ninety-one patients were treated using fractionated subtotal body (STBI) or total body irradiation (TBI). These patients had generalized lymphomas, Hodgkin's disease, leukemias, myelomas, seminomas, or oat-cell carcinomas. Subtotal body irradiation is delivered to the entire body, except for the skull and extremities. It was expected that a significantly higher radiation dose could be administered with STBI than with TBI. A five- to ten-fold increase in tolerance for STBI was demonstrated. Many of these patients have had long-term emissions. There is little or no treatment-induced symptomatology, and no sanctuary sites.

  2. Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: a single centre experience

    PubMed Central

    Macech, Michał; Alsharabi, Amro; Romanowski, Łukasz; Grochowiecki, Tadeusz; Lewandowska, Dorota; Kaliciński, Piotr; Durlik, Magdalena; Pączek, Leszek; Nazarewski, Sławomir

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The advantages of a minimally invasive nephrectomy are a faster recovery and better quality of life for the donors. Until recently, the majority of donor nephrectomies in Poland were done by open surgery. Aim To present a single centre experience in hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN). Material and methods The first videoscopic left donor nephrectomy in Poland was performed in our department in 2003 using a hand-assisted retroperitoneal approach. From 2011, we changed the method to a transperitoneal approach and started to harvest also right kidneys. Since then, it has become the method of choice for donor nephrectomy and has been performed in 59 cases. Preoperatively, kidneys were assessed by scintigraphy and by angio-computed tomography. We harvested 32 left and 27 right kidneys. There were double renal arteries in 2 cases and triple renal arteries in 1 case. The warm ischaemia time (WIT) was 80–420 s (average 176.13 s); operative time was 85–210 min (average 140 min). Results All procedures were uncomplicated, and all donors were discharged after 2–8 days with normal creatinine levels. The average follow-up period lasted 23 months (1–51 months). Out of all of the cases, 1 case had two minor complications, while all others were uneventful. None of the donors were lost to follow-up. All of the kidneys were transplanted. There were 2 cases of delayed graft function (DGF) and 2 cases of ureter necrosis. One of those kidneys was lost in the third postoperative week. Conclusions Our limited experience shows that HALDN is a safe method and should be used routinely instead of open surgery. PMID:28194249

  3. Hybrid Transureteral Nephrectomy in a Survival Porcine Model

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, Kirk M.; Alsyouf, Muhannad; Richards, Gideon; Agarwal, Gautum; Heldt, Jonathan P.; Schlaifer, Amy E.

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Natural-orifice approaches for nephrectomy have included access via the stomach, vagina, bladder, and rectum. Recently, the feasibility of using the ureter as a natural orifice for natural-orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery nephrectomy has been demonstrated in a nonsurvival porcine model. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of transureteral laparoscopic natural-orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery nephrectomy in a survival porcine model. Methods: Three pigs underwent hybrid transureteral natural-orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery nephrectomy. An experimental balloon/dilating sheath was inserted over a wire to dilate the urethra, ureteral orifice, and ureter. Through a bariatric 12-mm laparoscopic port, the ureter was opened medially and the hilar dissection was performed. Next, 2 needlescopic ports were placed transabdominally to facilitate hilar transection. The kidney was morcellated using a bipolar sealing device and extracted via the ureter using the housing of a bariatric stapling device. The ureteral orifice was closed with a laparoscopic suturing device. The bladder was drained by a catheter for 10 to 14 days postoperatively. Pigs were euthanized on postoperative day 21. Results: All surgical procedures were successfully completed, with no intraoperative complications. One pig had an episode of postoperative clot retention that resolved with catheter irrigation. Each pig was healthy and eating a normal diet prior to euthanasia. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the feasibility of a hybrid transureteral approach to nephrectomy in a survival porcine model. This technique avoids the intentional violation of a second organ system and the risk for peritoneal contamination. Improved instrumentation is needed prior to implementation in the human population. PMID:25489210

  4. Predicting outcomes in partial nephrectomy: is the renal score useful?

    PubMed Central

    Matos, André Costa; Dall´Oglio, Marcos F.; Colombo, José Roberto; Crippa, Alexandre; Juveniz, João A. Q.; Argolo, Felipe Coelho

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction and Objective The R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry system (RNS) has been validated in multiple open, laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy series. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry system in predicting perioperative outcomes in surgical treatment of kidney tumors <7.0cm in a prospective model. Materials and Methods Seventy-one patients were selected and included in this prospective study. We evaluate the accuracy of RNS in predicting perioperative outcomes (WIT, OT, EBL, LOS, conversion, complications and surgical margins) in partial nephrectomy using ROC curves, univariate and multivariate analyses. R.E.N.A.L. was divided in 3 groups: low complexity (LC), medium complexity (MC) and high complexity (HC). Results No patients in LC group had WIT >20 min, versus 41.4% and 64.3% MC and HC groups respectively (p=0.03); AUC=0.643 (p=0.07). RNS was associated with convertion rate (LC:28.6% ; MC:47.6%; HC:77.3%, p=0.02). Patients with RNS <8 were most often subjected to partial nephrectomy (93% x 72%, p=0.03) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (56.8% x 28%, p=0.02), AUC=0.715 (p=0.002). The RNS was also associated with operative time. Patients with a score >8 had 6.06 times greater chance of having a surgery duration >180 min. (p=0.017), AUC=0.63 (p=0.059). R.E.N.A.L. score did not correlate with EBL, complications (Clavien >3), LOS or positive surgical margin. Conclusion R.E.N.A.L. score was a good method in predicting surgical access route and type of nephrectomy. Also was associated with OT and WIT, but with weak accuracy. Although, RNS was not associated with Clavien >3, EBL, LOS or positive surgical margin. PMID:28266814

  5. Predicting outcomes in partial nephrectomy: is the renal score useful?

    PubMed

    Matos, André Costa; Dall'Oglio, Marcos F; Colombo, José Roberto; Crippa, Alexandre; Juveniz, João A Q; Argolo, Felipe Coelho

    2017-01-01

    The R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry system (RNS) has been validated in multiple open, laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy series. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry system in predicting perioperative outcomes in surgical treatment of kidney tumors <7.0cm in a prospective model. Seventy-one patients were selected and included in this prospective study. We evaluate the accuracy of RNS in predicting perioperative outcomes (WIT, OT, EBL, LOS, conversion, complications and surgical margins) in partial nephrectomy using ROC curves, univariate and multivariate analyses. R.E.N.A.L. was divided in 3 groups: low complexity (LC), medium complexity (MC) and high complexity (HC). No patients in LC group had WIT >20 min, versus 41.4% and 64.3% MC and HC groups respectively (p=0.03); AUC=0.643 (p=0.07). RNS was associated with convertion rate (LC:28.6% ; MC:47.6%; HC:77.3%, p=0.02). Patients with RNS <8 were most often subjected to partial nephrectomy (93% x 72%, p=0.03) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (56.8% x 28%, p=0.02), AUC=0.715 (p=0.002). The RNS was also associated with operative time. Patients with a score >8 had 6.06 times greater chance of having a surgery duration >180 min. (p=0.017), AUC=0.63 (p=0.059). R.E.N.A.L. score did not correlate with EBL, complications (Clavien >3), LOS or positive surgical margin. R.E.N.A.L. score was a good method in predicting surgical access route and type of nephrectomy. Also was associated with OT and WIT, but with weak accuracy. Although, RNS was not associated with Clavien >3, EBL, LOS or positive surgical margin. Copyright® by the International Brazilian Journal of Urology.

  6. Open surgical partial nephrectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Macari, David; Faerber, Gary J; Hafez, Khaled S; Hollenbeck, Brent K; Montie, James E; Wood, David P; Wolf, J Stuart

    2014-04-01

    We aimed to determine the ability of partial nephrectomy to prevent end-stage renal disease and tumor recurrence or progression in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma. Retrospectively, eight patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma were identified and their medical records reviewed. All patients had imperative indications for nephron sparing, and diagnosis of upper tract urothelial carcinoma not adequately amenable to endoscopic management. Although three patients suffered acute tubular necrosis, only one required postoperative hemodialysis. During the follow-up period 25% (2/8) developed end-stage renal disease, including the one patient who had received postoperative hemodialysis. Recurrences occurred in five of seven patients with adequate oncological surveillance. Recurrences were successfully treated endoscopically in 80% (4/5) patients, and one patient had metastases. Of the eight patients, four have died. Death occurred 4 months, 1 year, 1.2 years and 3.5 years after partial nephrectomy. Of these patients, one succumbed to metastatic disease; the exact cause of death is unknown in the other three, but there was no documentation of metastatic cancer. The mean duration of follow up in the remaining four patients, all without evidence of metastatic urothelial cancer, is 71 months (range 22-108 months). In summary, partial nephrectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma in patients with imperative indications averts end-stage renal disease in most patients, and appears to be associated with acceptable disease-specific survival. Partial nephrectomy is a sparingly used option in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma refractory to endoscopic management who have imperative indications for nephron sparing.

  7. Perioperative outcomes of 6042 nephrectomies in 2012: surgeon-reported results in the UK from the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) nephrectomy database.

    PubMed

    Henderson, John M; Fowler, Sarah; Joyce, Adrian; Dickinson, Andrew; Keeley, Francis X

    2015-01-01

    To present the perioperative outcomes from the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) nephrectomy dataset for 2012, the first year of public reporting of individual surgeon outcomes in the UK. All nephrectomies performed in the year 2012 and recorded in the database were analysed. These were divided into simple nephrectomy (SN), partial nephrectomy (PN), radical nephrectomy (RN), and nephroureterectomy (NU). The estimated capture rate for nephrectomy was 80%. The outcomes measured were 30-day mortality (30-DM), Clavien-Dindo complications grade ≥III, blood transfusion, conversion to open, and length of stay. The overall 30-DM was 0.55% (SN 0.53%; PN 0.10%; RN 0.52%; NU 1.27%). Clavien-Dindo complications grade ≥III were recorded in 3.9% of nephrectomies (SN 4.3%; PN 5.4%; RN 3.1%; NU 4.5%). Blood transfusion was required during surgical admission for 8.4% of nephrectomies (SN 5.2%; PN 3.4%; RN 11.1%; NU 8.3%). Conversion to open was carried out in 5.5% of minimally invasive nephrectomies (SN 6.1%; PN 4.0%; RN 5.5%; NU 5.6%). Open nephrectomy patients remained in hospital for a median of 6 days (SN 7; PN 5; RN 7; NU 8 days), which was higher than the median 4-day stay (SN 3; PN 4; RN 4; NU 5 days) for minimally invasive surgery. Nephrectomy in 2012 was a safe procedure with morbidity and mortality rates comparable with or less than published series. The collection of surgeon-specific data should be iterative with further refinement of data categories, support for the collection process and independent validation of results. © 2014 The Authors. BJU International © 2014 BJU International.

  8. Radiation hepatology of the rat: The effects of the proliferation stimulus induced by subtotal hepatectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Geraci, J.P.; Mariano, M.S.

    1994-11-01

    The effect of an 80 to 90% hepatectomy in stimulating proliferation immediately after irradiation of the liver was studied. A dose of 15 Gy was not lethal for animals with intact livers, but all animals with subtotal hepatectomies exposed to this dose died from apparent liver failure 28 to 60 days after exposure. To elucidate the mechanism for this mortality, plasma aspartate aminotransferase, retention of intravenous injected rose bengal, liver weight and liver hydroxyproline content were measured 0 to 90 days after 15 Gy irradiation of the liver to determine temporal changes in necrosis, function, mass and fibrosis, respectively, in animals with either intact livers or livers with subtotal resection. Irradiation of the liver had no significant effect on these parameters in animals with intact livers. In subtotally hepatectomized animals the same radiation dose that suppressed liver mass restoration significantly increased hepatocyte necrosis within 7 days, which was followed by increased liver hydroxyproline concentration and hepatic dysfunction. This radiation-induced temporal change in hepatic dysfunction correlated with increased concentration of hydroxyproline but not with liver mass, indicating that liver fibrosis was the cause of hepatic dysfunction. Since similar sequelae are produced in intact livers after higher doses and longer intervals after irradiation, the proliferation stimulus induced by partial hepatectomy must accelerate the expression of damage and lower the radiation tolerance of the liver. However, in subtotally hepatectomized animals radiation-induced hepatocyte necrosis precedes fibrosis, whereas the reverse is normally true for animals with intact livers. 35 refs., 5 figs.

  9. Healing of ileocolic nitinol compression anastomosis: a novel porcine model of subtotal colectomy.

    PubMed

    Kopelman, Doron; Kopelman, Yael; Peled, Dori; Willenz, Udi; Zmora, Oded; Wasserberg, Nir

    2013-12-01

    There are limited large animal models for the research of novel anastomotic technologies. Subtotal colectomy requires the anastomosis of relatively remote segments of the alimentary tract that are different anatomically, histologically, and pose significant physiological challenge. The quest for a foreign material-free anastomotic line reintroduced nitinol compression anastomosis into clinical use in the last decade. To evaluate the safety, histological, and physiological parameters of side-to-side ileocolic nitinol compression anastomosis in a newly developed large animal model, mimicking the human subtotal colectomy. Resection of the entire spiral colon with an ileocolic side-to-side compression anastomosis in 12 animals, compared to resection of a short ileal segment in 6 animals. All anastomoses were constructed by using a novel nitinol-based compression device. The animals were followed up to 30 days postoperatively and were reoperated and sacrificed. All 12 animals underwent successful subtotal colectomy with side-to-side nitinol compression anastomosis. No signs of abdominal infection were found. The increase in the colectomized animals' bodyweight over the postoperative course was significantly lower and the animals presented with longer periods of diarrhea. The histopathology revealed minimal inflammation and foreign body reaction with good alignment of the bowel wall layers in both groups. The anastomotic line width was shown to be reduced during the healing course of the compression anastomoses. Side-to-side nitinol compression anastomosis is safe and demonstrates favorable functional and histopathological features. The porcine model of subtotal colectomy can be used for further research of novel anastomotic technologies.

  10. [Subtotal esophagus resection and stomach tube transposition in laryngectomized patients without loss of esophageal speech].

    PubMed

    Lörken, M; Jansen, M; Schumpelick, V

    1999-03-01

    We report the case of a 71-year-old patient who had a laryngectomy 16 years ago because of a laryngeal carcinoma and achieved voice restoration by esophageal speech. Now a squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus had been diagnosed and was treated with a subtotal esophagectomy, stomach transposition, and collar anastomosis. Postoperatively, the patient remained esophageal speech without loss of quality.

  11. Total versus bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy for benign multi-nodular goiter

    PubMed Central

    Ciftci, Fatih; Sakalli, Erdal; Abdurrahman, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To compare the postoperative early-stage complications of total and bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy for benign multi-nodular goiter. Material and methods: There were 409 patients. The patients were divided into two groups. A total of 258 (63%) patients underwent total thyroidectomy, and 151 (37%) patients underwent bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy. Results: Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy occurred in six (2.3%) of the total thyroidectomy patients and in three (1.9%) of the bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy patients (P>0.05). No permanent palsy was observed in either of the thyroidectomy groups. Hypocalcemia occurred in 40 (15.5%) of the total thyroidectomy patients and in 27 (17.8%) of those who underwent bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy (P>0.05). Also, no statistically significant differences were found between the two groups with respect to the development rates of hematoma and incision site infection (P>0.05). Conclusion: Because of its low complication rates, total thyroidectomy is a safe procedure for benign multı-nodular goiter. PMID:26064391

  12. Herpes simplex virus reactivation after subtotal hemispherectomy in a pediatric patient.

    PubMed

    Gong, Tracie; Bingaman, William; Danziger-Isakov, Lara; Tuxhorn, Ingrid; Goldfarb, Johanna

    2010-12-01

    We report herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) in a toddler after a subtotal hemispherectomy for seizures related to HSE 16 months earlier. Herpes simplex virus reactivation in the cerebrospinal fluid shortly after treatment of HSE has been described, but is extremely rare in other situations. HSE reactivation is a potential complication of epilepsy surgery after HSE in children.

  13. Subtotal versus total abdominal hysterectomy: randomized clinical trial with 14-year questionnaire follow-up.

    PubMed

    Andersen, Lea Laird; Ottesen, Bent; Alling Møller, Lars Mikael; Gluud, Christian; Tabor, Ann; Zobbe, Vibeke; Hoffmann, Elise; Gimbel, Helga Margrethe

    2015-06-01

    The objective of the study was to compare long-term results of subtotal vs total abdominal hysterectomy for benign uterine diseases 14 years after hysterectomy, with urinary incontinence as the primary outcome measure. This was a long-term follow-up of a multicenter, randomized clinical trial without blinding. Eleven gynecological departments in Denmark contributed participants to the trial. Women referred for benign uterine diseases who did not have contraindications to subtotal abdominal hysterectomy were randomized to subtotal (n = 161) vs total (n = 158) abdominal hysterectomy. All women enrolled in the trial from 1996 to 2000 who were still alive and living in Denmark (n = 304) were invited to answer the validated questionnaire used in prior 1 and 5 year follow-ups. Hospital contacts possibly related to hysterectomy from 5 to 14 years postoperatively were registered from discharge summaries from all public hospitals in Denmark. The results were analyzed as intention to treat and per protocol. Possible bias caused by missing data was handled by multiple imputation. The primary outcome was urinary incontinence; the secondary outcomes were pelvic organ prolapse, constipation, pain, sexuality, quality of life (Short Form-36 questionnaire), hospital contacts, and vaginal bleeding. The questionnaire was answered by 197 of 304 women (64.8%) (subtotal hysterectomy [n = 97] [63.4%]; total hysterectomy [n = 100] [66.2%]). Mean follow-up time was 14 years and mean age at follow-up was 60.1 years. After subtotal abdominal hysterectomy, 32 of 97 women (33%) complained of urinary incontinence compared with 20 of 100 women (20%) after total abdominal hysterectomy 14 years after hysterectomy (relative risk, 1.67; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-2.70; P = .035). After a multiple imputation analysis, this difference disappeared (relative risk, 1.36; 95% confidence interval, 0.86-2.13; P = .19). No differences were seen in any of the secondary outcomes. Subtotal abdominal

  14. Normal HDL-apo AI turnover and cholesterol enrichment of HDL subclasses in New Zealand rabbits with partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Toledo-Ibelles, Paola; Franco, Martha; Carreón-Torres, Elizabeth; Luc, Gérald; Tailleux, Anne; Vargas-Alarcón, Gilberto; Fragoso, José Manuel; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Luna-Luna, María; Pérez-Méndez, Oscar

    2013-04-01

    The kidney has been proposed to play a central role in apo AI catabolism, suggesting that HDL structure is determined, at least in part, by this organ. Here, we aimed at determining the effects of a renal mass reduction on HDL size distribution, lipid content, and apo AI turnover. We characterized HDL subclasses in rabbits with a 75% reduction of functional renal mass (Nptx group), using enzymatic staining of samples separated on polyacrylamide electrophoresis gels, and also performed kinetic studies using radiolabeled HDL-apo AI in this animal model. Creatinine clearance was reduced to 35% after nephrectomy as compared to the basal values, but without increased proteinuria. A slight, but significant modification of the relative HDL size distribution was observed after nephrectomy, whereas cholesterol plasma concentrations gradually augmented from large HDL2b (+54%) to small HDL3b particles (+150%, P<0.05). Cholesteryl esters were the increased fraction; in contrast, free cholesterol phospholipids and triglycerides of HDL subclasses were not affected by nephrectomy. HDL-apo AI fractional catabolic rates were similar to controls. Reduction of functional renal mass is associated to enrichment of HDL subclasses with cholesteryl esters. Structural abnormalities were not related to a low apo AI turnover, suggesting renal contribution to HDL remodeling beyond being just a catabolic site for these lipoproteins. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. [Aspergillosis located on polycystic kidney treated with retroperitoneal nephrectomy].

    PubMed

    Rabii, R; Hoznek, A; Salomon, L; Bourg, S; Chopin, D K; Abbou, C C

    2001-03-01

    We reported an uncommon case of 40 years old man, cardiac transplant recipient with chronic renal faillure who consulted for infected left polycystic renal. The serum creatinine level was 750 mmol/L, and urine culture isolated a E. Ecol germe. The abdominopelvic computed tomography showed a bilateral large polycystic renal cortex and suspected the infected cyst in lower pole of left kidney. The retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy was performed confirming a renal invasive aspergillosa. About this case we should have a high index of suspicion for fungal aetiology in kidney infection in transplant patients and the management of non functioning infected polycystic kidney can use laparoscopic retroperitoneal nephrectomy. This approach can offers a minimal morbidity and alternative to open surgery.

  16. Are we ready for day-case partial nephrectomy?

    PubMed

    Bernhard, Jean-Christophe; Payan, Anne; Bensadoun, Henri; Cornelis, François; Pierquet, Grégory; Pasticier, Gilles; Robert, Grégoire; Capon, Grégoire; Ravaud, Alain; Ferriere, Jean-Marie

    2016-06-01

    Fast-track and day-case surgeries are gaining more and more importance. Their development was eased by the diffusion of minimal invasive surgical strategies and the consequential morbidity reduction. In the field of kidney cancer, seven cases of ambulatory radical nephrectomy were previously reported in the international literature. Regarding robotic partial nephrectomy (PN), short postoperative pathways resulting in patients' discharge on postoperative day 1 were shown to be safe and feasible. We report our initial experience of robot-assisted PN discharged on postoperative day zero and discuss the criteria for adequate patient selection. Indeed, outpatient PN will obviously not be suitable for all patients, and careful selection will be mandatory. Both specific baseline patient's factors and postoperative events will have to be recognized for the first ones and prevented for the second ones. Safety, patient satisfaction, cost efficiency, and reproducibility will be the key factors to assess and promote day-case PN.

  17. Long-term changes in gut hormones, appetite and food intake 1 year after subtotal gastrectomy with normal body weight.

    PubMed

    Jeon, T Y; Lee, S; Kim, H H; Kim, Y J; Lee, J G; Jeong, D W; Kim, Y J

    2010-08-01

    No prospective study on the long-term effects of gastric resection on gastrointestinal hormonal changes in patients with normal body weight has been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 1-year effect of subtotal gastrectomy on ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY)(3-36) levels. Eighteen patients with early gastric cancer underwent subtotal gastrectomy with Billroth I reconstruction. We assessed appetite, food intake, body composition, and ghrelin and PYY(3-36) levels preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. There were no significant difference in the preoperative daily food intake and 1 year after subtotal gastrectomy. Weight loss occurred in all study subjects; 11.7% (n=2), 55.5% (n=10) and 33.3% (n=6) of the patients lost <5%, 5-10% and >10% of their preoperative body weight, respectively. Body mass index, waist circumference and body fat significantly decreased 1 year after subtotal gastrectomy. There were no significant differences in the appetite visual analogue scale preoperatively and 1 year after subtotal gastrectomy. The plasma ghrelin concentration decreased significantly (P=0.006), whereas PYY(3-36) did not show a significant change 1 year after subtotal gastrectomy. Ghrelin levels and body fat decreased significantly, whereas PYY(3-36) levels as well as appetite and food intake did not change significantly 1 year after subtotal gastrectomy with normal body weight. These findings suggest that decreased ghrelin might contribute directly to reduced body fat.

  18. Energy sources for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy--critical appraisal.

    PubMed

    Rubinstein, Mauricio; Moinzadeh, Alireza; Colombo, Jose R; Favorito, Luciano A; Sampaio, Francisco J; Gill, Inderbir S

    2007-01-01

    Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has emerged as a viable alternative for the conventional open nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). So far, an adequate renal parenchymal cutting and hemostasis, as well as caliceal repair remains technically challenging. Numerous investigators have developed techniques using different energy sources to simplify the technically demanding LPN. Herein we review these energy sources, discussing perceived advantages and disadvantages of each technique.

  19. Adaptive functional change of the contralateral kidney after partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Choi, Se Young; Yoo, Sangjun; You, Dalsan; Jeong, In Gab; Song, Cheryn; Hong, Bumsik; Hong, Jun Hyuk; Ahn, Hanjong; Kim, Choung-Soo

    2017-08-01

    Partial nephrectomy aims to maintain renal function by nephron sparing; however, functional changes in the contralateral kidney remain unknown. We evaluate the functional change in the contralateral kidney using a diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA) renal scan and determine factors predicting contralateral kidney function after partial nephrectomy. A total of 699 patients underwent partial nephrectomy, with a DTPA scan before and after surgery to assess the separate function of each kidney. Patients were divided into three groups according to initial contralateral glomerular filtration rate (GFR; group 1: <30 ml·min(-1)·1.73 m(-2), group 2: 30-45 ml·min(-1)·1.73 m(-2), and group 3: ≥45 ml·min(-1)·1.73 m(-2)). Multiple-regression analysis was used to identify the factors associated with increased GFR of the contralateral kidney over a 4-yr postoperative period. Patients in group 1 had a higher mean age and hypertension history, worse American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and larger tumor size than in the other two groups. The ipsilateral GFR changes at 4 yr after partial nephrectomy were -18.9, -3.6, and 3.9% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, whereas the contralateral GFR changes were 10.8, 25.7, and 38.8%. Age [β: -0.105, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.213; -0.011, P < 0.05] and preoperative contralateral GFR (β: -0.256, 95% CI: -0.332; -0.050, P < 0.01) were significant predictive factors for increased GFR of the contralateral kidney after 4 yr. The contralateral kidney compensated for the functional loss of the ipsilateral kidney. The increase of GFR in contralateral kidney is more prominent in younger patients with decreased contralateral renal function. Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society.

  20. Preoperative nuclear renal scan underestimates renal function after radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Bachrach, Laurie; Negron, Edris; Liu, Joceline S; Su, Yu-Kai; Paparello, James J; Eggener, Scott; Kundu, Shilajit D

    2014-12-01

    To compare expected and actual renal function after nephrectomy. Nuclear renal scan estimates differential kidney function and is commonly used to calculate expected postoperative renal function after radical nephrectomy. However, the observed postoperative renal function is often different from the expected. A retrospective review was performed on 136 patients who underwent radical nephrectomy or nephroureterectomy and had a preoperative renal scan with calculated differential function. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) values, preoperative and postoperative, were calculated with the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation. The expected postoperative GFR based on renal scan was compared with the actual postoperative GFR. The average age of patients undergoing surgery was 58.6 years, and the indication for surgery was for benign causes in 59 (44%) patients and cancer in 76 (56%) patients. The average preoperative creatinine and estimated GFR were 1.0 mg/dL and 69.9 mL/min/1.73 m(2). At a median follow-up of 3.3 months, the actual postoperative GFR exceeded the expected GFR by an average of 12.1% (interquartile range, 2.6%-25.2%). When stratified by preoperative GFR >90, 60-90, and <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively, the observed GFR exceeded the expected GFR by 4.3%, 12.6%, and 14.9%, respectively (P = .16). This trend was maintained when GFR was plotted over time. After nephrectomy, the remaining kidney exceeded the expected postoperative GFR by 12% in this cohort of patients with preoperative renal scans. Patients with existing renal insufficiency had the greatest compensatory response, and this was durable over time. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Experimental evaluation of Ethibloc for nonsurgical nephrectomy. [Dogs

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, K.C.; Bowers, T.; Chuang, V.P.; Tsai, C.C.

    1982-11-01

    Six adult dogs weighing 18-28 kg were used to evaluate a new embolic material, Ethibloc, for nonsurgical nephrectomy. Both acute and chronic studies were performed. Results indicated that Ethibloc is easily administered and neither toxic nor mutagenic (at 9 weeks). However, it exhibits inadequate radiopacity at the dosages used and may require a balloon catheter (which could cause some Ethibloc to be forced through the glomerular capillaries) or repeat embolization to achieve permanent and complete renal infarction.

  2. [Two cases of gravity dependent atelectasis after laparoscopic nephrectomy].

    PubMed

    Ueda, Sawako; Hiraki, Teruyuki; Miyagawa, Yoshikado; Kano, Tatsuhiko

    2004-08-01

    Two patients developed postoperative pulmonary atelectasis after receving laparoscopic nephrectomy in the lateral kidney position. In both patients, the trachea was intubated with a single lumen tube and the lateral kidney position was kept over 9 hours. Because the pulmonary atelectasis had developed on the lower side of the lungs, we considered it as the gravity dependent atelectasis (GDA). We have also described treatments and prophylaxis for GDA in this case report.

  3. Death or dialysis? The risk of dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure after trauma nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Dozier, Kristopher C; Yeung, Louise Y; Miranda, Marvin A; Miraflor, Emily J; Strumwasser, Aaron M; Victorino, Gregory P

    2013-01-01

    Although renal trauma is increasingly managed nonoperatively, severe renovascular injuries occasionally require nephrectomy. Long-term outcomes after trauma nephrectomy are unknown. We hypothesized that the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is minimal after trauma nephrectomy. We conducted a retrospective review of the following: 1) our university-based, urban trauma center database; 2) the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB); 3) the National Inpatient Sample (NIS); and 4) the U.S. Renal Data System (USRDS). Data were compiled to estimate the risk of ESRD after trauma nephrectomy in the United States. Of the 232 patients who sustained traumatic renal injuries at our institution from 1998 to 2007, 36 (16%) underwent a nephrectomy an average of approximately four nephrectomies per year. The NTDB reported 1780 trauma nephrectomies from 2002 to 2006, an average of 356 per year. The 2005 NIS data estimated that in the United States, over 20,000 nephrectomies are performed annually for renal cell carcinoma. The USRDS annual incidence of ESRD requiring hemodialysis is over 90,000, of which 0.1 per cent (100 per year) of renal failure is the result of traumatic or surgical loss of a kidney. Considering the large number of nephrectomies performed for cancer, we estimated the risk of trauma nephrectomy causing renal failure that requires dialysis to be 0.5 per cent. National data regarding the etiology of renal failure among patients with ESRD reveal a very low incidence of trauma nephrectomy (0.5%) as a cause; therefore, nephrectomy for trauma can be performed with little concern for long-term dialysis dependence.

  4. Is robotic partial nephrectomy convenient for solitary kidney?

    PubMed Central

    Kaouk, Jihad H.; Malkoç, Ercan

    2016-01-01

    Nephron sparing surgery (NSS) is the gold standard treatment option for patients with a solitary kidney in order to preserve renal function. Open partial nephrectomy (OPN) has been long considered the standard care for NSS. Robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) is being gradually used more commonly even for solitary kidney and complex tumors. There was no difference between RPN and OPN regarding the rate of intraoperative-postoperative complications and positive surgical margin (PSM) (RPN: 7.5%, OPN: 8%) for patients with solitary kidney who underwent partial nephrectomy for small renal masses. Warm ischemia time (WIT) in all of our studies was within the safe range of <25 minutes which is acceptable ischemia time for robotic approaches. More studies are needed in order to evaluate kidney function. In conclusion with increasing experience, solitary kidney tumors can be managed safely with robotic approach. For patients having complex tumors with a potential of WIT >25 minutes, administration of intracorporeal ice slush during surgery may be considered. PMID:27635284

  5. The rabbit nephrectomy model for training in laparoscopic surgery.

    PubMed

    Molinas, Carlos Roger; Binda, Maria Mercedes; Mailova, Karina; Koninckx, Philippe Robert

    2004-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgical training is generally done with the teacher-student model using complex exercises. This study was performed to evaluate a new training model that emphasizes the repetition of simple procedures. Laparoscopic surgery was performed in rabbits (n=200) using conventional instruments. Gynaecologists (n=10) and medical students (n=10) performed a series of exercises during 20 full days training. Nephrectomy was chosen to evaluate and score laparoscopic skills, i.e. duration of surgery and complication rate, since it mimics the surgical challenge and involves dissection of major vessels. Each surgeon performed 20 nephrectomies, alternating left and right sides. Duration of surgery and complications decreased with training. For duration of surgery, a two-phase exponential decay learning curve, with different decays for gynaecologists and students, was observed. Gynaecologists achieved shorter operating times than students for real and calculated times in the first procedure (P<0.0001 and P<0.0001) and for calculated time in the last procedure (P=0.001). Severe complications were more frequent in students than in gynaecologists (P=0.0003). The rabbit nephrectomy model is suitable for training in laparoscopic surgery. Since it implies the repetition of short and well-defined exercises, progression is easier to monitor and the necessity for continuous supervision is less, making training less expensive.

  6. Practice patterns and outcomes of open and minimally invasive partial nephrectomy since the introduction of robotic partial nephrectomy: results from the nationwide inpatient sample.

    PubMed

    Ghani, Khurshid R; Sukumar, Shyam; Sammon, Jesse D; Rogers, Craig G; Trinh, Quoc-Dien; Menon, Mani

    2014-04-01

    We determined practice patterns and perioperative outcomes of open and minimally invasive partial nephrectomy in the United States since the introduction of a robot-assisted modifier in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. We identified all patients with nonmetastatic disease treated with open, laparoscopic or robotic partial nephrectomy in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample between October 2008 and December 2010. Utilization rates were assessed by year, patient and hospital characteristics. We evaluated the perioperative outcomes of open vs robotic and open vs laparoscopic partial nephrectomy using binary logistic regression models adjusted for patient and hospital covariates. In a weighted sample of 38,064 partial nephrectomies 66.9%, 23.9% and 9.2% of the procedures were open, robotic and laparoscopic operations, respectively. In 2010 the relative annual increase in open, robotic and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was 7.9%, 45.4% and 6.1%, respectively. Compared to open partial nephrectomy patients treated with minimally invasive partial nephrectomy were less likely to receive blood transfusion (robotic vs laparoscopic OR 0.56, p <0.001 vs OR 0.68, p = 0.016), postoperative complication (OR 0.63, p <0.001 vs OR 0.78, p <0.009) or prolonged length of stay (OR 0.27 vs OR 0.41, each p <0.001). Only patients who underwent the robotic procedure were less likely to experience an intraoperative complication (robotic vs laparoscopic OR 0.69, p = 0.014 vs OR 0.67, p = 0.069). Excess hospital charges were higher after robotic surgery (OR 1.35, p <0.001). The dissemination of robotic surgery for partial nephrectomy in the United States has been rapid and safe. Compared to open partial nephrectomy the robotic procedure had lower odds than laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for most study outcomes except hospital charges. Robotic partial nephrectomy has now supplanted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy as the most common minimally invasive approach for partial nephrectomy. Copyright

  7. Laparoscopic bilateral hand-assisted nephrectomy: end-stage renal disease from tuberculosis, an unusual indication for nephrectomy before transplantation.

    PubMed

    Casaccia, Marco; Torelli, Paolo; Fontana, Iris; Panaro, Fabrizio; Valente, Umberto

    2003-02-01

    The purpose of the study was to sterilize renal tuberculous foci in a pretransplantation patient with a laparoscopic hand-assisted approach and to verify the feasibility of bilateral nephrectomy for this indication. This case report is the first description of hand-assisted laparoscopic bilateral nephrectomy for this pathologic condition. The 33-year-old patient had end-stage renal disease from renal tuberculosis. A commercially available hand-assistance device was used through a midline 8-cm supraumbilical incision and with four ports. The procedure was successfully completed. The total operative time was 3 hours and 40 minutes. Estimated blood loss was 250 mL. The postoperative course was uneventful, and clinical follow-up at 3 weeks revealed a successful outcome. Hand-assisted bilateral laparoscopic nephrectomy in patients with chronic renal failure from tuberculosis represents a viable option because it is feasible and effective. The hand-assisted approach increases the safety of the procedure while retaining all the advantages of minimally invasive surgery.

  8. Trends in renal cancer surgery and patient provider characteristics associated with partial nephrectomy in the United States.

    PubMed

    Porter, Michael P; Lin, Daniel W

    2007-01-01

    Many renal tumors are amenable to either partial or total nephrectomy, but little is known about the relative frequency that these procedures are performed in the United States. We describe recent temporal trends in surgery for renal neoplasm and identified factors associated with partial nephrectomy. Data from the 1998 through 2002 National Inpatient Sample was analyzed to identify adult patients discharged after renal cancer surgery. The frequency of partial and total nephrectomy in the United States was estimated, and multivariate regression was used to examine patient and provider factors associated with partial nephrectomy. The number of nephrectomies performed for tumor in the United States increased yearly, with an estimated 23,375 total nephrectomies and 4272 partial nephrectomies performed in 2002. The ratio of partial nephrectomies to total nephrectomies also increased (P < 0.001), with partial nephrectomy representing 15.5% of all nephrectomies in 2002. In the multivariate analysis, patient and provider factors significantly associated with undergoing partial nephrectomy included female sex (odds ratio [OR] = 0.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.79-0.94), age (OR = 0.38, 95% CI 0.30-0.49 comparing age older than 79 to younger than 40 years), teaching hospital status (OR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.34-1.76), annual hospital nephrectomy volume (OR = 1.96, 95% CI 1.62-2.39 comparing highest to lowest quartiles), annual surgeon nephrectomy volume (OR = 2.60, 95% CI 2.12-3.20 comparing highest to lowest quartiles), and private insurance/health maintenance organization coverage (OR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.11-1.40 compared to Medicare). The total number of nephrectomies and the proportion of partial nephrectomies performed in the United States increased yearly from 1998 to 2002. Male sex, hospital teaching status, higher hospital and surgeon volume, and insurance status are associated with receiving partial nephrectomy.

  9. Fabrication of a hollow obturator as a single unit for management of bilateral subtotal maxillectomy.

    PubMed

    Patil, Pravinkumar G; Patil, Smita P

    2012-04-01

    Prosthetic rehabilitation with an obturator for a total or subtotal maxillectomy patient is a challenging task, as there are little or no residual maxillary structures to depend on for support, retention, and stability of the prosthesis. This clinical report describes the prosthodontic management of a patient operated on for a bilateral subtotal maxillectomy secondary to ameloblastoma of the palate with a closed hollow obturator. The processing technique described in this article to fabricate the hollow obturator is a variation of other well-known techniques. The variation comprises the use of a wax bolus to maintain a predictable internal dimension for a hollow obturator. This technique allows fabrication of a complete hollow obturator prosthesis as a single unit in heat-polymerized acrylic resin using a single-step flasking procedure.

  10. Risk factors for delayed gastric emptying caused by anastomosis edema after subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

    PubMed

    Paik, Hyun-June; Choi, Chang-In; Kim, Dae-Hwan; Jeon, Tae-Yong; Kim, Dong-Heon; Son, Gyung-Mo; Lee, Si-Hak; Hwang, Sun-Hwi

    2014-09-01

    Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is one of the most troublesome complications after subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. We evaluated operative and perioperative variables to assess for independent risk factors of DGE caused by anastomosis edema. The study retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 382 consecutive patients who underwent subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer between 2009 and 2011 at a single institution. Delayed gastric emptying had occurred in twelve patients (3.1%). Univariate analysis revealed high body mass index (>25kg/m2), open gastrectomy, and Billroth II or Roux-en Y reconstructions to be significant factors for delayed gastric emptying. Multivariate analysis identified high body mass index and open gastrectomy as predictors of delayed gastric emptying. To avoid delayed gastric emptying, surgeons should take care in creating the gastrointestinal anastomosis, particularly in patients with high BMI or in cases of open gastrectomy.

  11. Robotic partial nephrectomy for caliceal diverticulum: a single-center case series.

    PubMed

    Akca, Oktay; Zargar, Homayoun; Autorino, Riccardo; Brandao, Luis Felipe; Laydner, Humberto; Samarasekera, Dinesh; Krishnan, Jayram; Noble, Mark; Haber, George-Pascal; Kaouk, Jihad H; Stein, Robert J

    2014-08-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the role of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) in the management of caliceal diverticula by assessing our single-center outcomes. Between July 2007 and July 2013, 7 of 670 patients underwent RPN procedures as a reason of caliceal diverticula. The indications for RPN in all cases were recurrent urinary tract infection and pain attributed to the diverticulum in addition to failed management by endourologic or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) treatments. One patient with a calcified diverticulum and another with an unsuccessful SWL treatment underwent RPN without further endourologic intervention. The other five patients had a history of unsuccessful percutaneous nephrolithotomy (one case), ureteroscopy (URS) (two cases), and a combination of SWL+URS (two cases). No intraoperative or postoperative complications were observed. No patient was readmitted postoperatively. Unique features of the robotic platform facilitate the excision of diverticulum and subsequent kidney reconstruction for this benign, but complex pathology.

  12. Anterograde jejunojejunal intussusception resulted in acute efferent loop syndrome after subtotal gastrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Kwak, Jung Myun; Kim, Jin; Suh, Sung Ock

    2010-01-01

    Postoperative intussusception is an unusual clinical entity in adults, and is rarely encountered as a complication following gastric surgery. The most common type after gastric surgery is retrograde jejunogastric intussusception, and jejunojejunal intussusception has been rarely reported. We report a case of anterograde jejunojejunal intussusception after radical subtotal gastrectomy with Billroth II anastomosis in a 38-year-old Korean woman with early gastric cancer, and include a review of the literature on this unusual complication. PMID:20632454

  13. Laryngomucocele as an unusual late complication of subtotal laryngectomy. Case report.

    PubMed

    Carrat, X; François, J M; Carles, D; Devars, F; Traissac, L

    1998-08-01

    We report an unusual case of laryngomucocele occurring after subtotal laryngectomy. Laryngoceles generally have a congenital origin in a long-preexisting saccule, and their association with laryngeal carcinoma is well known. Laryngocele is usually favored by the increase of intraglottic pressure caused by the laryngeal carcinoma. However, an iatrogenic secondary laryngomucocele occurring after a surgical procedure is uncommon. We report in detail the physiopathologic conditions leading to the creation of this lesion.

  14. "Mucosal pocket" myringoplasty: a modification of underlay technique for anterior or subtotal perforations.

    PubMed

    Faramarzi, Abolhassan; Hashemi, Seyed Basir; Rajaee, Ahmadreza

    2012-01-01

    Chronic otitis media surgery is the most common procedure in otology in developing countries. Subtotal and total tympanic membrane (TM) perforation with inadequate anterior remnant is associated with higher rate of graft failure. It was the goal of this study to test the anatomical and functional outcomes of a modified underlay myringoplasty technique. In a prospective clinical study, 45 patients with subtotal or total TM perforation and inadequate anterior remnant underwent tympanoplasty (+/-mastoidectomy). The anterior tip of the temporalis fascia was secured in a mucosal pocket on the lateral wall of eustachian tube orifice. Data on graft take rate, preoperative and postoperative hearing status, and intraoperative findings were analyzed. We achieved the graft success rate of 91.1%, without lateralization, blunting, atelectasia, or epithelial pearls. Approximately 24% patients had air-bone gap within 25 dB before intervention, which increased to 71% postoperatively (P < .001). We believe that this technique could be a convenient and suitable method for cases with subtotal or total TM perforation and inadequate anterior remnant. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Subtotal canine prostatectomy with the neodymium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser.

    PubMed

    Hardie, E M; Stone, E A; Spaulding, K A; Cullen, J M

    1990-01-01

    A technique was developed for subtotal prostatectomy in dogs with the neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser. In six normal dogs, full-thickness necrosis of the prostate occurred if the central-lateral region within 5 mm of the urethra was photoablated at 60 watts for 1 second. Moderate to superficial necrosis occurred when the prostate within 5 mm of the urethra was photoablated at 35 watts for 2 seconds or 60 watts for 0.5 second. At necropsy, leakage of the urethra occurred in two dogs at sites treated at 60 watts for 1 second. In a clinical study, complications associated with subtotal prostatectomy with the Nd:YAG laser (n = 6) were compared with complications associated with prostatic drainage (n = 6) in dogs with prostatic disease. Intraoperative death (2/6 dogs) and nocturnal incontinence (4/4 surviving dogs) occurred with subtotal prostatectomy. Uncontrolled prostatic infection (2/6 dogs) occurred with prostatic drainage and resulted in the death of one dog on day 11. Four of five dogs surviving prostatic drainage developed recurrent urinary tract infection.

  16. Sodium chloride promotes tissue inflammation via osmotic stimuli in subtotal-nephrectomized mice.

    PubMed

    Sakata, Fumiko; Ito, Yasuhiko; Mizuno, Masashi; Sawai, Akiho; Suzuki, Yasuhiro; Tomita, Takako; Tawada, Mitsuhiro; Tanaka, Akio; Hirayama, Akiyoshi; Sagara, Akihiro; Wada, Takashi; Maruyama, Shoichi; Soga, Tomoyoshi; Matsuo, Seiichi; Imai, Enyu; Takei, Yoshifumi

    2017-04-01

    Chronic inflammation, which is often associated with high all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, is prevalent in patients with renal failure; however, the precise mechanisms remain unclear. High-salt intake was reported to induce lymphangiogenesis and autoimmune diseases via osmotic stimuli with accumulation of sodium or chloride. In addition, sodium was recently reported to be stored in the extremities of dialysis patients. We studied the effects and mechanisms of high salt loading on tissue and systemic inflammation in subtotal-nephrectomized mice (5/6Nx) and in cultured cells. Macrophage infiltration in the peritoneal wall (P<0.001), heart (P<0.05) and para-aortic tissues (P<0.001) was significantly higher in 5/6Nx with salt loading (5/6Nx/NaCl) than in 5/6Nx without salt loading (5/6Nx/Water); however, there were no significant differences in blood pressure and renal function between the groups. Tissue interleukin-6, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (Sgk1) and tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) mRNA were significantly elevated in the peritoneal wall and heart with 5/6Nx/NaCl when compared with 5/6Nx/Water. Sodium was stored in the abdominal wall, exerting high-osmotic conditions. Reversal of salt loading reduced macrophage infiltration associated with decreased TonEBP in 5/6Nx/NaCl. Macrophage infiltration associated with fibrosis induced by salt loading was decreased in the 5/6Nx/NaCl/CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2, receptor of MCP-1)-deficient mice when compared with 5/6Nx/NaCl/Wild mice, suggesting that CCR2 is required for macrophage infiltration in 5/6Nx with NaCl loading. In cultured mesothelial cells and cardiomyocytes, culture media with high NaCl concentration induced MCP-1, Sgk1 and TonEBP mRNA, all of which were suppressed by TonEBP siRNA, indicating that both MCP-1 and Sgk1 are downstream of TonEBP. Our study indicates that high NaCl intake induces MCP-1 expression leading to

  17. Hand-assisted laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (right-sided approach): experience obtained from 31 cases.

    PubMed

    Maciel, R F

    2007-10-01

    The removal of a donor kidney by laparoscopic nephrectomy is a safe method that is widely used, mainly in left donor nephrectomy. However, for right donor nephrectomy where the right renal vein is short, open surgery has been more frequently described in the literature. Our objective was to describe our experience with 31 renal transplantations using 2 different techniques in right donor nephrectomy. In the period ranging from February 2002 to June 2005, we performed, 31 hand-assisted laparoscopic right donor nephrectomies. Twenty-five were performed by the method where the assistant used his hand to assist the surgery and 6 were by the laparoscopic method assisted by the first surgeon. The right donor nephrectomies assisted either by the hand of the assistant or the surgeon showed similar results. All recipients displayed diuresis in the immediate postoperative period. The serum creatinine level at 1 week after transplantation was 1.90 mg/dL (+/-1.55). Although the handling techniques are similar, we concluded that laparoscopic nephrectomy assisted by the surgeon is more adequate for right kidney extraction. It can be performed either by a resident doctor or a surgeon of the transplantation team, with or without experience in nephrectomy for transplantation.

  18. [Should ipsilateral adrenalectomy be performed systematically during radical nephrectomy for renal cancer?].

    PubMed

    Joual, A; Fekak, H; Rabii, R; Hafiani, M; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1999-01-01

    The authors present a retrospective study of 46 patients with renal cell carcinoma treated by radical nephrectomy including ipsilateral adrenalectomy. CT scan showed a normal adrenal gland in all patients. Histology revealed the absence of adrenal metastasis in all patients. Ipsilateral adrenalectomy is not systematically required in radical nephrectomy.

  19. Anesthetic management of nephrectomy in a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patient with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax.

    PubMed

    Santhosh, Mysore Chandramouli Basappaji; Bhat Pai, Rohini; Rao, Raghavendra P

    2016-01-01

    Nephrectomies are usually performed under general anesthesia alone or in combination with regional anesthesia and rarely under regional anesthesia alone. We report the management of a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with a history of recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax undergoing nephrectomy under regional anesthesia alone.

  20. [Anesthetic management of nephrectomy in a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patient with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax].

    PubMed

    Santhosh, Mysore Chandramouli Basappaji; Bhat Pai, Rohini; Rao, Raghavendra P

    2016-01-01

    Nephrectomies are usually performed under general anesthesia alone or in combination with regional anesthesia and rarely under regional anesthesia alone. We report the management of a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with a history of recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax undergoing nephrectomy under regional anesthesia alone.

  1. Minimally invasive open nephrectomy on children with multicystic dysplastic kidney

    PubMed Central

    Feng, Dongchuan; Zhu, Xiaoyu; Sun, Fang; Ma, Tongsheng; Li, Yuan; Chen, Shujing

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study was to summarize the preliminary experience of minimally invasive open nephrectomy operation on children with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK). A retrospective review was performed on the clinical materials of the 15 children that had accepted consecutive minimally invasive open nephrectomies during the previous 2 years. The enrolled children were diagnosed with unilateral MCDK under computed tomography, emission computerized tomography and ultrasound and no anomaly in the contralateral functioning kidney was found. Of the 15 children, 12 were boys and 3 were girls, with 5 cases on the right and 10 cases on the left. Operations were completed at the retroperitoneal space in order to open an incision on the waists and ribs of the children, the length of which ranged from 1.5 to 2.0 cm (average 1.7 cm). The age of the children at operation ranged from 3 months to 5.6 years old, with an average of 2.4 years old. Surgery lasted for 30–50 min, with an average of 34.6 min. The estimated blood loss of each child was <5 ml. After operation, prophylactic intravenous antibiotics were administered for 2–4 days to prevent infection. All of the operations proved very successful. Following surgery the children were hospitalized for 2–4 days for observation, with an average of 2.8 days. No complications occurred during the follow-up period. In conclusion, minimally invasive open nephrectomy is effective for children with MCDK. The procedure is superior with regard to operative time, cosmesis, and length of stay. It is a safe and effective treatment choice for patietns with MCDK and can be easily performed on children. PMID:28101154

  2. Risk-adjusted outcomes in Medicare inpatient nephrectomy patients

    PubMed Central

    Fry, Donald E.; Pine, Michael; Nedza, Susan M.; Locke, David G.; Reband, Agnes M.; Pine, Gregory

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Without risk-adjusted outcomes of surgical care across both the inpatient and postacute period of time, hospitals and surgeons cannot evaluate the effectiveness of current performance in nephrectomy and other operations, and will not have objective metrics to gauge improvements from care redesign efforts. We compared risk-adjusted hospital outcomes following elective total and partial nephrectomy to demonstrate differences that can be used to improve care. We used the Medicare Limited Dataset for 2010 to 2012 for total and partial nephrectomy for benign and malignant neoplasms to create prediction models for the adverse outcomes (AOs) of inpatient deaths, prolonged length-of-stay outliers, 90-day postdischarge deaths without readmission, and 90-day relevant readmissions. From the 4 prediction models, total predicted adverse outcomes were determined for each hospital in the dataset that met a minimum of 25 evaluable cases for the study period. Standard deviations (SDs) for each hospital were used to identify specific z-scores. Risk-adjusted adverse outcomes rates were computed to permit benchmarking each hospital's performance against the national standard. Differences between best and suboptimal performing hospitals defined the potential margin of preventable adverse outcomes for this operation. A total of 449 hospitals with 23,477 patients were evaluated. Overall AO rate was 20.8%; 17 hospitals had risk-adjusted AO rates that were 2 SDs poorer than predicted and 8 were 2 SDs better. The top performing decile of hospitals had a risk-adjusted AO rate of 10.2% while the lowest performing decile had 32.1%. With a minimum of 25 cases for each study hospital, no statistically valid improvement in outcomes was seen with increased case volume. Inpatient and 90-day postdischarge risk-adjusted adverse outcomes demonstrated marked variability among study hospitals and illustrate the opportunities for care improvement. This analytic design is applicable for comparing

  3. Risk-adjusted outcomes in Medicare inpatient nephrectomy patients.

    PubMed

    Fry, Donald E; Pine, Michael; Nedza, Susan M; Locke, David G; Reband, Agnes M; Pine, Gregory

    2016-09-01

    Without risk-adjusted outcomes of surgical care across both the inpatient and postacute period of time, hospitals and surgeons cannot evaluate the effectiveness of current performance in nephrectomy and other operations, and will not have objective metrics to gauge improvements from care redesign efforts.We compared risk-adjusted hospital outcomes following elective total and partial nephrectomy to demonstrate differences that can be used to improve care. We used the Medicare Limited Dataset for 2010 to 2012 for total and partial nephrectomy for benign and malignant neoplasms to create prediction models for the adverse outcomes (AOs) of inpatient deaths, prolonged length-of-stay outliers, 90-day postdischarge deaths without readmission, and 90-day relevant readmissions. From the 4 prediction models, total predicted adverse outcomes were determined for each hospital in the dataset that met a minimum of 25 evaluable cases for the study period. Standard deviations (SDs) for each hospital were used to identify specific z-scores. Risk-adjusted adverse outcomes rates were computed to permit benchmarking each hospital's performance against the national standard. Differences between best and suboptimal performing hospitals defined the potential margin of preventable adverse outcomes for this operation.A total of 449 hospitals with 23,477 patients were evaluated. Overall AO rate was 20.8%; 17 hospitals had risk-adjusted AO rates that were 2 SDs poorer than predicted and 8 were 2 SDs better. The top performing decile of hospitals had a risk-adjusted AO rate of 10.2% while the lowest performing decile had 32.1%. With a minimum of 25 cases for each study hospital, no statistically valid improvement in outcomes was seen with increased case volume.Inpatient and 90-day postdischarge risk-adjusted adverse outcomes demonstrated marked variability among study hospitals and illustrate the opportunities for care improvement. This analytic design is applicable for comparing provider

  4. Diode laser supported partial nephrectomy in laparoscopic surgery: preliminary results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sroka, Ronald; Hennig, Georg; Zillinberg, Katja; Khoder, Wael Y.

    2011-07-01

    Introduction: Warm ischemia and bleeding during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy place technical constraints on surgeons. Therefore it was the aim to develop a safe and effective laser assisted partial nephrectomy technique without need for ischemia. Patients and methods: A diode laser emitting light at 1318nm in cw mode was coupled into a bare fibre (core diameter 600 μm) thus able to transfer up to 100W to the tissue. After dry lab experience, a total of 8 patients suffering from kidney malformations underwent laparoscopic/retroperitoneoscopic partial nephrectomy. Clinically, postoperative renal function and serum c-reactive protein (CRP) were monitored. Laser induced coagulation depth and effects on resection margins were evaluated. Demographic, clinical and follow-up data are presented. Results: Overall interventions, the mean operative time was 116,5 minutes (range 60-175min) with mean blood loss of 238ml (range 50-600ml) while laser assisted resection of the kidney tissue took max 15min. After extirpation of the tumours all patients showed clinical favourable outcome during follow up period. The tumour size was measured to be 1.8 to 5cm. With respect to clinical safety and due to blood loos, two warm ischemia (19 and 24min) must be performed. Immediate postoperative serum creatinine and CRP were elevated within 0.1 to 0.6 mg/dl (mean 0.18 mg/dl) and 2.1-10 mg/dl (mean 6.24 mg/dl), respectively. The depth of the coagulation on the removed tissue ranged between <1 to 2mm without effect on histopathological evaluation of tumours or resection margin. As the surface of the remaining kidney surface was laser assisted coagulated after removal. The sealing of the surface was induced by a slightly larger coagulation margin, but could not measured so far. Conclusion: This prospective in-vivo feasibility study shows that 1318nm-diode laser assisted partial nephrectomy seems to be a safe and promising medical technique which could be provided either during open surgery

  5. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: An experience in 227 cases.

    PubMed

    Castillo, O A; López-Fontana, G; Vidal-Mora, I; Alemán, E; Aranguren, G

    2014-03-01

    To evaluate our long-term experience with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) and to review the literature. We performed a retrospective chart review, evaluating 227 consecutives laparoscopic partial nephrectomies performed between June 1995 and June 2010. Perioperative were recorded along with clinical a oncological outcomes. Mean age was 56.4 years (18-87) and clinical stages were T1a, T1b and T2 in 90.74% (206/227), 7.48% (17/227) and 1.76% (4/227), respectively. Median blood loss was 250 mL (10-1800). The mean operative time was 108.42 minutes (30-240) and median warm ischemia time was 25 minutes (10-60). The intraoperative complication rate was 2.64% (6/227), 5 (2.2%) secondary to bleeding. The postoperative complication rate was 5.72% (13/227) and bleeding is also the most frequent in 3% (7/227) of the cases. According to the Clavien classification, 1.32% (3/227), 0.88% (2/227) and 3.52% (8/227) were grade I, II and IIIb, respectively. The mean hospital stay was 3.66 days (1-12). Clear cell carcinoma was the most common histological finding in 74.6% (150 patients). TNM clasification was T1a, T1b y T2 in 90.74% (206/227), 7.48% (17/227) and 1,76% (4/227), respectively. No conversion or mortality was reported. Positive surgical margins were found in 4 patients (2.7%), with no local recurrence after long-term follow-up. At a mean follow up of 27 months, one patient had port site and peritoneal recurrence. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a safe and viable alternative to open partial nephrectomy, providing equivalent oncologic outcomes and comparable morbidity to the traditional approach in experienced centers. Copyright © 2013 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Laser laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in clinical cases (N=17)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teodorovich, Oleg; Zabrodina, Natalia; Galljamov, Eduard; Yankovskaya, Inna; Kochiev, David; Lukashev, Alexei

    2011-03-01

    A pulsed Nd:YAG laser approved for clinical use in Russian Federation was used for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy(LPN). Patients with T1N0M0 (N=17) cancer underwent laser LPN during 2006-2009 for removal tumor sized from 2.0 to 3.9 cm. Successful laser LPN was performed without ischemia in all cases. Bleeding during laser LPN was substantially reduced due to laser coagulation of tissue. Currently all patients are under medical supervision with no recurrence of tumor. A pulsed Nd:YAG laser showed safety and efficacy of LPN in humans.

  7. Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy With Potassium-titanyl-phosphate Laser Versus Conventional Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy: An Animal Randomized Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Rioja, Jorge; Morcillo, Esther; Novalbos, José P; Sánchez-Hurtado, Miguel A; Soria, Federico; Pérez-Duarte, Francisco; Díaz-Güemes Martín-Portugüés, Idoia; Laguna, Maria Pilar; Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco Miguel; Rodríguez-Rubio Cortadellas, Federico

    2017-01-01

    To explore the feasibility, safety, and short-term results of potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) laser laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (KTP-LPN) vs conventional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (C-LPN). Thirty large white female pigs were randomized to KTP-LPN or C-LPN. Laparoscopic radical right nephrectomy was performed, and an artificial renal tumor was placed in the left kidney in 3 locations. A week later, 15 pigs underwent C-LPN and 15 underwent KTP-LPN. All C-LPNs were performed with renal ischemia. A 120-W setting was used, without arterial clamping in the KTP-LPN group. Follow-up was done at day 1, week 3, and week 6. Retrograde pyelography was performed at 6 weeks, followed by animal sacrifice and necropsy. All KTP-LPNs were performed without hilar clamping. C-LPNs were performed with hilar clamping, closing of the collecting system, and renorraphy. In the KTP laser group, 2 pigs died due to urinary fistula in the first week after surgery. In the C-LPN group, 1 pig died due to myocardial infarction and another due to malignant hyperthermia. Hemoglobin and hematocrit recovery were lower at 6 weeks in the KTP-LPN group. Renal function 24 hours after surgery was worse in the KTP-LPN group but recovered at 3 weeks and 6 weeks. No differences were observed in surgical margins. The necropsy showed no differences. Limitations of the study are the impossibility to analyze the collecting tissue sealing by the KTP, and the potential renal toxicity of the KTP laser. Although KTP-LPN is feasible and safe in the animal model, further studies are needed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Robotic assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy using contrast‐enhanced ultrasound scan to map renal blood flow

    PubMed Central

    Motiwala, Aamir; Eves, Susannah; Gray, Rob; Thomas, Asha; Meiers, Isabelle; Sharif, Haytham; Motiwala, Hanif; Laniado, Marc; Karim, Omer

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective The paper describes novel real‐time ‘in situ mapping’ and ‘sequential occlusion angiography’ to facilitate selective ischaemia robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) using intraoperative contrast enhanced ultrasound scan (CEUS). Materials and methods Data were collected and assessed for 60 patients (61 tumours) between 2009 and 2013. 31 (50.8%) tumours underwent ‘Global Ischaemia’, 27 (44.3%) underwent ‘Selective Ischaemia’ and 3 (4.9%) were removed ‘Off Clamp Zero Ischaemia’. Demographics, operative variables, complications, renal pathology and outcomes were assessed. Results Median PADUA score was 9 (range 7–10). The mean warm ischaemia time in selective ischaemia was less and statistically significant than in global ischaemia (17.1 and 21.4, respectively). Mean operative time was 163 min. Postoperative complications (n = 10) included three (5%) Clavien grade 3 or above. Malignancy was demonstrated in 47 (77%) with negative margin in 43 (91.5%) and positive margin in four (8.5%). Long‐term decrease in eGFR post selective ischaemia robotic partial nephrectomy was less compared with global ischaemia (four and eight, respectively) but not statistically significant. Conclusions This technique is safe, feasible and cost‐effective with comparable perioperative outcomes. The technical aspects elucidate the role of intraoperative CEUS to facilitate and ascertain selective ischaemia. Further work is required to demonstrate long‐term oncological outcomes. © 2016 The Authors. The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26948671

  9. Optimising renal cancer patients for nephron-sparing surgery: a review of pre-operative considerations and peri-operative techniques for partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Ertemi, Hani; Khetrapal, Pramit; Pavithran, Nevil M; Mumtaz, Faiz

    2017-02-03

    Nonmodifiable factors including pre-operative renal function and amount of healthy renal tissue preserved are the most important predictive factors that determine renal function after partial nephrectomy. Ischaemia time is an important modifiable risk factor and cold ischaemia time should be used if longer ischaemia time is anticipated. New techniques may have a role in maximising postoperative kidney function, but more robust studies are required to understand their potential benefits and risks.

  10. Percutaneously Assisted "Two-Ports" Transperitoneal Radical Nephrectomy: Initial Series.

    PubMed

    Porpiglia, Francesco; Bertolo, Riccardo; Morra, Ivano; Fiori, Cristian

    2016-06-01

    Looking for a virtually "scarless" surgery mini-laparoscopy (ML) could be a viable alternative to conventional laparoscopy. ML is a reproducible technique and allows for the preservation of the triangulation concept, the cornerstone of laparoscopic surgery. Drawback of ML could be the poor performance of miniaturized instruments that could affect the confidence of the surgeon and limit the indications. The recent availability of a novel mini-laparoscopic platform in our center expanded the indications of ML to radical nephrectomy even in cases of large renal tumors in kidneys with abundant perirenal fat. The platform is composed by mini-instruments with the peculiarity of a 2.9-mm shaft that is mounted on a handle and a jaw that are comparable in size and performance to those of conventional instruments, increasing the ergonomy and the confidence perceived by the surgeon. Allowing for inclusion criteria, nine consecutive patients were enrolled in our prospective study and underwent percutaneously assisted "two-ports" radical nephrectomy. Preliminary data showed that the novel platform allowed us to perform a safe and effective procedure with acceptable perioperative outcomes and apparent improvements in cosmesis. Larger sample size and comparative studies are needed to confirm these findings.

  11. Robotic Partial Nephrectomy with the Da Vinci Xi.

    PubMed

    Kallingal, George J S; Swain, Sanjaya; Darwiche, Fadi; Punnen, Sanoj; Manoharan, Murugesan; Gonzalgo, Mark L; Parekh, Dipen J

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. The surgical expertise to perform robotic partial nephrectomy is heavily dependent on technology. The Da Vinci Xi (XI) is the latest robotic surgical platform with significant advancements compared to its predecessor. We describe our operative technique and experience with the XI system for robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN). Materials and Methods. Patients with clinical T1 renal masses were offered RPN with the XI. We used laser targeting, autopositioning, and a novel "in-line" port placement to perform RPN. Results. 15 patients underwent RPN with the XI. There were no intraoperative complications and no operative conversions. Mean console time was 101.3 minutes (range 44-176 minutes). Mean ischemia time was 17.5 minutes and estimated blood loss was 120 mLs. 12 of 15 patients had renal cell carcinoma. Two patients had oncocytoma and one had benign cystic disease. All patients had negative surgical margins and pathologic T1 disease. Two postoperative complications were encountered, including one patient who developed a pseudoaneurysm and one readmitted for presumed urinary tract infection. Conclusions. RPN with the XI system can be safely performed. Combining our surgical technique with the technological advancements on the XI offers patients acceptable pathologic and perioperative outcomes.

  12. Partial nephrectomy margin imaging using structured illumination microscopy.

    PubMed

    Wang, Mei; Tulman, David B; Sholl, Andrew B; Mandava, Sree H; Maddox, Michael M; Lee, Benjamin R; Brown, J Quincy

    2017-08-21

    Partial nephrectomy (PN) is the recommended procedure over radical nephrectomy (RN) for patients with renal masses < 4 cm in diameter (Stage T1a). Patients with > 4 cm renal masses can also be treated with PN, but have a higher risk for positive surgical margins. Positive surgical margins (PSM), when present, are indicative of poor clinical outcomes. The current gold-standard histopathology method is not well-suited for the identification of PSM intra-operatively due to processing time and destructive nature. Here, video-rate structured illumination microscopy (VR-SIM) was investigated as a potential tool for PSM detection during PN. A clinical image atlas assembled from ex vivo renal biopsies provided diagnostically useful images of benign and malignant kidney, similar to permanent histopathology. VR-SIM was then used to image entire parenchymal margins of tumor resection covering up to >1,800× more margin surface area than standard histology. Aided by the image atlas, the study pathologist correctly classified all parenchymal margins as negative for PSM with VR-SIM, compared to standard post-operative pathology. The ability to evaluate large surgical margins in a short timeframe with VR-SIM may allow it to be used intra-operatively as a "safety net" for PSM detection, allowing more patients to undergo PN over RN. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  13. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: meeting the challenge of consumerism?

    PubMed

    Siddins, Mark; Hart, Gabrielle; He, Bulang; Kanchanabat, Burapa; Mohan Rao, M

    2003-11-01

    Despite the increasing adoption of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, no study has examined donor perceptions following this procedure. In particular, it has been tacitly assumed that a less invasive procedure might in itself provide a more satisfactory donor experience. The present study reviews the experience of donors undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy, and examines the extent to which contemporary management practice addresses issues relevant to consumerism. Forty-two donors participated in a structured telephone interview, and 33 (79%) returned a written questionnaire. Coming through the survey was a strong sense of commitment to donation, and most respondents were satisfied with the experience. The main criticisms related to hotel services, the duration of the preoperative investigations, the perceived quality of nursing care on the general wards, medical communication and the duration of postoperative follow up. The self-reported time to meet recovery goals was extremely broad. Considering the nature of criticisms offered by the respondents, it is concluded that the expectations of donors as health-care consumers will only be met through modification of existing protocols.

  14. Comparison of three perioperative fluid regimes for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Di Biase, Manuela; Verbrugge, Serge; IJzermans, Jan N. M.; Gommers, Diederik

    2007-01-01

    Background Pneumoperitoneum (PP), as used for laparoscopic procedures, impairs stroke volume, renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate and urine output. This study investigated whether perioperative fluid management can abolish these negative effects of PP on hemodynamics. Methods Twenty-one patients undergoing laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) were randomized into three groups: group 1 received overnight infusion and received a bolus of colloid before induction of anesthesia, followed by a bolus just before PP; group 2 received overnight infusion and a colloid bolus before anesthesia; group 3 served as controls and received only infusion during operation. All three groups received the same total amount of crystalloids and colloids until nephrectomy. Data analysis of the donor included; mean arterial pressure (MAP), stroke volume (SV), left ventricular ejection time (LVETc), perioperative urine output and renal function measured as the creatinine clearance (CrCl) until one-year post-operative. Results SV was significantly higher in group 1 compared to controls for all measurements. In the control group SV significantly decreased after changing from the supine to lateral position whereas there was no change in SV in both pre-hydrated groups. In all groups, MAP decreased after induction of anesthesia, and restored to pre-anesthetic values during PP. CrCl decreased in the control group during PP, but not in the other groups. From two days postoperative, CrCl was comparable between the three study groups. Conclusion Overnight infusion and a bolus of colloid just before PP attenuate hemodynamic compromise from PP. PMID:17522928

  15. Robotic partial nephrectomy with selective parenchymal compression (Simon clamp).

    PubMed

    Castillo, O A; Rodriguez-Carlin, A; Lopez-Fontana, G; Aleman, E

    2013-01-01

    To present our initial experience using selective renal parenchymal ischemia, without hilar clamping, in robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy. In four patients with T1a renal tumor we performed robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy, using the Simon's clamp (Aesculap). It provides selective parenchymal compression without the need of vascular clamping. All patients had exofitic renal tumors in polar location. Renal parenchymal reconstruction was done as the standard technique. The median age was 49.6 years (42-59), 3 male and 1 female patient. Median operative time was 71,6 minutes (40-120). Mean stimated bleeding was 250 ml (50-400). Average tumor size was 3,25 cm (1,5-5,3). There were no complications and the average hospital stay was 3,5 days (1-7). The pathology was informed as renal cell carcinoma in three patients and one hemorrhagic cyst. The surgical margins were negative. Our preliminary results shows that selective renal parenchymal compression, with the Simon's clamp, provides an alternative to vascular control in selected patients with polar renal tumors. Copyright © 2012 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  16. Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy in Complete Situs Inversus

    PubMed Central

    Gahagan, John V.; Whealon, Matthew D.; Reddy, Uttam; Foster, Clarence E.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Complete situs inversus is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by transposition of organs. We report a case of renal transplantation using a kidney from a living complete situs inversus donor. The recipient was a 59-year-old female with end-stage renal disease because of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The donor was the 56-year-old sister of the recipient with complete situs inversus. CT angiogram of the abdomen and pelvis showed complete situs inversus and an otherwise normal appearance of the bilateral kidneys with patent bilateral single renal arteries and longer renal vein in the right kidney. The patient was taken to the operating room for a hand-assisted laparoscopic right donor nephrectomy. The patient tolerated the procedure well and was discharged home in good condition on postoperative day 1. The recipient experienced no episodes of acute rejection or infection, with serum creatinine levels of 0.8–1.2 mg/dL. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in a patient with complete situs inversus remains a technically feasible operation and the presence of situs inversus should not preclude consideration for living kidney donation. PMID:27579434

  17. The Effects of Unilateral Nephrectomy on Blood Pressure and Its Circadian Rhythm

    PubMed Central

    Ohashi, Naro; Isobe, Shinsuke; Ishigaki, Sayaka; Suzuki, Takahisa; Motoyama, Daisuke; Sugiyama, Takayuki; Nagata, Masao; Kato, Akihiko; Ozono, Seiichiro; Yasuda, Hideo

    2016-01-01

    Objective Hypertension and diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation are widely accepted as risk factors for renal damage. However, the effects of unilateral nephrectomy on BP and its circadian rhythm have not yet been clarified in patients with a compromised renal function, including dialysis patients. Methods We investigated 22 unilateral nephrectomized patients (16 men and 6 women, age: 64.5±14.3 years). The function of the circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) (plasma renin activity and plasma angiotensin II) and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) were evaluated before and after nephrectomy. Daytime and nighttime 24-h ABPM values were determined based on sleep and waking times. Results In non-dialysis patients, the estimated glomerular filtration rate after nephrectomy was significantly lower than that before (before, 62.4±23.2 mL/min/1.73 m2 vs. after, 43.7±16.8 mL/min/1.73 m2; p<0.01). No significant differences were noted in the levels of BPs and circulating RAS before and after nephrectomy. However, the night-to-day (N/D) ratio of systolic BP (SBP) was significantly higher after nephrectomy than before (before, 93.3±6.5% vs. after, 98.4±6.9%; p<0.01), and the patterns of circadian BP rhythm also significantly differed before and after nephrectomy (p=0.022). Namely, the rates of dipper patterns decreased and nondipper and riser patterns increased after nephrectomy. In contrast, in dialysis patients, no significant differences were observed in the N/D ratio of SBP or the patterns of circadian BP rhythm before and after nephrectomy. Conclusion Unilateral nephrectomy affects the circadian rhythm of BP but not absolute values of BP. PMID:27904104

  18. National nephrectomy registries: Reviewing the need for population-based data.

    PubMed

    Pearson, John; Williamson, Timothy; Ischia, Joseph; Bolton, Damien M; Frydenberg, Mark; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2015-09-01

    Nephrectomy is the cornerstone therapy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and continued refinement of the procedure through research may enhance patient outcomes. A national nephrectomy registry may provide the key information needed to assess the procedure at a national level. The aim of this study was to review nephrectomy data available at a population-based level in Australia and to benchmark these data against data from the rest of the world as an examination of the national nephrectomy registry model. A PubMed search identified records pertaining to RCC nephrectomy in Australia. A similar search identified records relating to established nephrectomy registries internationally and other surgical registries of clinical importance. These records were reviewed to address the stated aims of this article. Population-based data within Australia for nephrectomy were lacking. Key issues identified were the difficulty in benchmarking outcomes and no ongoing monitoring of trends. The care centralization debate, which questions whether small-volume centers provide comparable outcomes to high-volume centers, is ongoing. Patterns of adherence and the effectiveness of existing protocols are uncertain. A review of established international registries demonstrated that the registry model can effectively address issues comparable to those identified in the Australian literature. A national nephrectomy registry could address deficiencies identified in a given nation's nephrectomy field. The model is supported by evidence from international examples and will provide the population-based data needed for studies. Scope exists for possible integration with other registries to develop a more encompassing urological or surgical registry. Need remains for further exploration of the feasibility and practicalities of initiating such a registry including a minimum data set, outcome indicators, and auditing of data.

  19. Impact of transplant nephrectomy on peak PRA levels and outcome after kidney re-transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Tittelbach-Helmrich, Dietlind; Pisarski, Przemyslaw; Offermann, Gerd; Geyer, Marcel; Thomusch, Oliver; Hopt, Ulrich Theodor; Drognitz, Oliver

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To determine the impact of transplant nephrectomy on peak panel reactive antibody (PRA) levels, patient and graft survival in kidney re-transplants. METHODS: From 1969 to 2006, a total of 609 kidney re-transplantations were performed at the University of Freiburg and the Campus Benjamin Franklin of the University of Berlin. Patients with PRA levels above (5%) before first kidney transplantation were excluded from further analysis (n = 304). Patients with graft nephrectomy (n = 245, NE+) were retrospectively compared to 60 kidney re-transplants without prior graft nephrectomy (NE-). RESULTS: Peak PRA levels between the first and the second transplantation were higher in patients undergoing graft nephrectomy (P = 0.098), whereas the last PRA levels before the second kidney transplantation did not differ between the groups. Age adjusted survival for the second kidney graft, censored for death with functioning graft, were comparable in both groups. Waiting time between first and second transplantation did not influence the graft survival significantly in the group that underwent nephrectomy. In contrast, patients without nephrectomy experienced better graft survival rates when re-transplantation was performed within one year after graft loss (P = 0.033). Age adjusted patient survival rates at 1 and 5 years were 94.1% and 86.3% vs 83.1% and 75.4% group NE+ and NE-, respectively (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Transplant nephrectomy leads to a temporary increase in PRA levels that normalize before kidney re-transplantation. In patients without nephrectomy of a non-viable kidney graft timing of re-transplantation significantly influences graft survival after a second transplantation. Most importantly, transplant nephrectomy is associated with a significantly longer patient survival. PMID:25032103

  20. Survival after partial and radical nephrectomy for high-risk disease: A propensity-matched comparison

    PubMed Central

    Maurice, Matthew J.; Zhu, Hui; Kim, Simon; Abouassaly, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Increasingly, partial nephrectomy has been applied to high-risk disease without evidence that its survival benefits can be extrapolated to this entity. We aimed to compare overall survival after partial vs. radical nephrectomy in patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma. Methods: Using the National Cancer Data Base, we identified patients who underwent partial or radical nephrectomy for high-risk disease between 2003 and 2006. High-risk disease was defined as the presence of adverse pathological features within the primary tumour, namely high-grade or unfavourable histology, T3 stage, or both. After matching the partial and radical nephrectomy groups based on propensity scores, 1680, 276, and 76 patients with high-grade or unfavourable histology, T3 stage, or both adverse pathologic features, respectively, were available for analysis. Five-year overall survival was compared after partial vs. radical nephrectomy for each high-risk cohort using the Kaplan-Meier and log rank tests. Results: Partial nephrectomy was associated with a statistically significant improvement in five-year overall survival compared to radical nephrectomy for small tumours (median size 3.0 cm; interquartile range 2.1–4.5 cm) with high-grade or unfavourable histology (87% vs. 81%; p<0.01) or with pT3a stage (82% vs. 71%; p<0.01). For patients concomitantly harbouring both adverse pathologic features, no difference in survival was detected (p=0.21). Conclusions: Partial nephrectomy is associated with survival benefits in patients with adverse pathologic features, suggesting that renal preservation is not only safe, but also potentially beneficial for high-risk disease. Due to inherent selection bias associated with partial nephrectomy use, prospective validation of these findings is needed. PMID:27695581

  1. National nephrectomy registries: Reviewing the need for population-based data

    PubMed Central

    Pearson, John; Williamson, Timothy; Ischia, Joseph; Bolton, Damien M; Frydenberg, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Nephrectomy is the cornerstone therapy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and continued refinement of the procedure through research may enhance patient outcomes. A national nephrectomy registry may provide the key information needed to assess the procedure at a national level. The aim of this study was to review nephrectomy data available at a population-based level in Australia and to benchmark these data against data from the rest of the world as an examination of the national nephrectomy registry model. A PubMed search identified records pertaining to RCC nephrectomy in Australia. A similar search identified records relating to established nephrectomy registries internationally and other surgical registries of clinical importance. These records were reviewed to address the stated aims of this article. Population-based data within Australia for nephrectomy were lacking. Key issues identified were the difficulty in benchmarking outcomes and no ongoing monitoring of trends. The care centralization debate, which questions whether small-volume centers provide comparable outcomes to high-volume centers, is ongoing. Patterns of adherence and the effectiveness of existing protocols are uncertain. A review of established international registries demonstrated that the registry model can effectively address issues comparable to those identified in the Australian literature. A national nephrectomy registry could address deficiencies identified in a given nation's nephrectomy field. The model is supported by evidence from international examples and will provide the population-based data needed for studies. Scope exists for possible integration with other registries to develop a more encompassing urological or surgical registry. Need remains for further exploration of the feasibility and practicalities of initiating such a registry including a minimum data set, outcome indicators, and auditing of data. PMID:26366272

  2. The Effects of Unilateral Nephrectomy on Blood Pressure and Its Circadian Rhythm.

    PubMed

    Ohashi, Naro; Isobe, Shinsuke; Ishigaki, Sayaka; Suzuki, Takahisa; Motoyama, Daisuke; Sugiyama, Takayuki; Nagata, Masao; Kato, Akihiko; Ozono, Seiichiro; Yasuda, Hideo

    Objective Hypertension and diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation are widely accepted as risk factors for renal damage. However, the effects of unilateral nephrectomy on BP and its circadian rhythm have not yet been clarified in patients with a compromised renal function, including dialysis patients. Methods We investigated 22 unilateral nephrectomized patients (16 men and 6 women, age: 64.5±14.3 years). The function of the circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) (plasma renin activity and plasma angiotensin II) and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) were evaluated before and after nephrectomy. Daytime and nighttime 24-h ABPM values were determined based on sleep and waking times. Results In non-dialysis patients, the estimated glomerular filtration rate after nephrectomy was significantly lower than that before (before, 62.4±23.2 mL/min/1.73 m(2) vs. after, 43.7±16.8 mL/min/1.73 m(2); p<0.01). No significant differences were noted in the levels of BPs and circulating RAS before and after nephrectomy. However, the night-to-day (N/D) ratio of systolic BP (SBP) was significantly higher after nephrectomy than before (before, 93.3±6.5% vs. after, 98.4±6.9%; p<0.01), and the patterns of circadian BP rhythm also significantly differed before and after nephrectomy (p=0.022). Namely, the rates of dipper patterns decreased and nondipper and riser patterns increased after nephrectomy. In contrast, in dialysis patients, no significant differences were observed in the N/D ratio of SBP or the patterns of circadian BP rhythm before and after nephrectomy. Conclusion Unilateral nephrectomy affects the circadian rhythm of BP but not absolute values of BP.

  3. Subtotal Colectomy for Colon Cancer Reduces the Need for Subsequent Surgery in Lynch Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Renkonen-Sinisalo, Laura; Seppälä, Toni T; Järvinen, Heikki J; Mecklin, Jukka-Pekka

    2017-08-01

    The risk of metachronous colorectal cancer is high after surgical resection for first colon cancer in Lynch syndrome. This study aimed to examine whether extended surgery decreases the risk of subsequent colorectal cancer and improves long-term survival. This was a retrospective study. Data were collected from a nationwide registry. Two hundred forty-two Lynch syndrome pathogenic variant carriers who underwent surgery for a first colon cancer from 1984 to 2009 were included. Patients underwent standard segmental colectomy (n = 144) or extended colectomy (n = 98) for colon cancer. Patients were followed a median of 14.6 up to 25 years. Risk of subsequent colorectal cancer in either group, overall and disease-specific survival, and operative mortality were the primary outcomes measured. Subtotal colectomy decreased the risk of subsequent colorectal cancer (HR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.08-0.52; p = 0.001), compared with segmental resection. Subsequent colorectal cancer decreased in MLH1 carriers. The MSH2 carriers showed no statistical difference, possibly because of their small number. Disease-specific and overall survival within 25 years did not differ between the standard and extended surgeries (82.7% vs 87.2%, p = 0.76 and 47.2% vs 41.4%, p = 0.83). The cumulative risk of subsequent colorectal cancer was 20% in 10 years and 47% within 25 years after standard resection and 4% and 9% after extended surgery. The cumulative risk of metachronous colorectal cancer was 7% within 25 years after subtotal colectomy with ileosigmoidal anastomosis. One patient died of postoperative septicemia within 30 days after segmental colectomy. Data on surgical procedures were primarily collected retrospectively. Lynch syndrome pathogenic variant carriers may undergo subtotal colectomy to manage first colon cancer and avoid repetitive abdominal surgery and to reduce the remaining bowel to facilitate easier endoscopic surveillance. It provides no survival benefit, compared with segmental colon

  4. Subtotal Nasal Reconstruction: Military-civilian Collaboration in Care of an Afghan-American Woman's Plight.

    PubMed

    Latham, Kerry P; Valerio, Ian; Martin, Barry D; Burget, Gary; VanderKolk, Craig

    2015-07-01

    Military plastic surgeons perform reconstructive surgeries for various congenital, oncologic, and traumatic craniofacial injuries or deformities. Recently, our Walter Reed National Military Medical Center Plastic Surgery team was tasked to care for a woman who bravely sought a new and better life in the United States after she suffered amputation of her nose and bilateral ears while in her home country of Afghanistan. A military-civilian team collaborated throughout her reconstructive planning, treatment, and postoperative course to create both an aesthetically acceptable and functional subtotal nasal reconstruction. This case report details the patient's unique journey, her reconstructive course, and highlights her reintegration into a new life and society.

  5. Displacement of the Spleen Mimicking Renal Cell Cancer Recurrence Post-Nephrectomy: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Emanuels, Carolina S.; Timmerman, Krista D.; Aijaz, Tabish; Nguyen, Thu-Cuc; Jest, Nathaniel; Drane, Walter E.; Gilbert, Scott M.; Crispen, Paul L.; Su, Li-Ming; Deitte, Lori A.

    2015-01-01

    Local regional recurrence of renal cell cancer post-nephrectomy most often occurs within three years after surgery. Post-nephrectomy, many processes may mimic RCC recurrence. We present the case of a 75 year-old Caucasian male patient with a mass in his renal fossa post-nephrectomy for renal cell cancer, suggesting local recurrence. Use of the technetium-99m sulfur colloid scan showed that the mass was his spleen which had been displaced into the renal fossa. With high index of suspicion, characterization of these processes as splenic in origin would prevent subjecting patients to risks of biopsy or even surgery.

  6. Hospitalizations Following Living Donor Nephrectomy in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Goldfarb, David A.; Buccini, Laura D.; Rodrigue, James R.; Mandelbrot, Didier; Heaphy, Emily L. G.; Fatica, Richard A.; Poggio, Emilio D.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background and objectives Living donors represented 43% of United States kidney donors in 2012. Although research suggests minimal long-term consequences of donation, few comprehensive longitudinal studies for this population have been performed. The primary aims of this study were to examine the incidence, risk factors, and causes of rehospitalization following donation. Design, setting, participants, & measurements State Inpatient Databases (SID) compiled by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality were used to identify living donors in four different states between 2005 and 2010 (n=4524). Multivariable survival models were used to examine risks for rehospitalization, and patient characteristics were compared with data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR). Outcomes among patients undergoing appendectomy (n=200,274), cholecystectomy (n=255,231), and nephrectomy for nonmetastatic carcinoma (n=1314) were contrasted. Results The study population was similar to United States donors (for SRTR and SID, respectively: mean age, 41 and 41 years; African Americans, 12% and 10%; women, 60% and 61%). The 3-year incidence of rehospitalization following donation was 11% for all causes and 9% excluding pregnancy-related hospitalizations. After censoring of models for pregnancy-related rehospitalizations, older age (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 1.02 per year; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.01 to 1.03), African American race (AHR, 2.16; 95% CI, 1.54 to 3.03), depression (AHR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.12 to 3.14), hypothyroidism (AHR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.06 to 2.49), and longer initial length of stay were related to higher rehospitalization rates among donors. Compared with living donors, adjusted risks for rehospitalizations were greater among patients undergoing appendectomy (AHR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.42 to 1.75), cholecystectomy (AHR, 2.25; 95% CI, 2.03 to 2.50), and nephrectomy for nonmetastatic carcinoma (AHR, 2.95; 95% CI, 2.58 to 3.37). Risks for

  7. Renal tumour anatomical characteristics and functional outcome after partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Nisen, Harry; Heimonen, Petri; Kenttä, Lauri; Visapää, Harri; Nisen, Jessica; Taari, Kimmo

    2015-06-01

    Anatomical features of renal tumours may be useful in predicting glomerular filtration rate (GFR) after partial nephrectomy. In this study, anatomical classification systems (ACSs) were compared to predict changes in renal function after surgery. A group of 294 patients with T1 renal tumours receiving partial nephrectomy between January 2006 and June 2013 were identified from the institutional kidney tumour database. Preoperative images from computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging were reviewed to assess diameter, PADUA (preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical) classification score, RENAL (radius, exophytic/endophytic properties of the tumour, nearness of tumour deepest portion to the collecting system or sinus, anterior/posterior descriptor and location relative to polar lines) nephrometry score, centrality index (C index) and renal tumour invasion index (RTII). GFR was estimated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation preoperatively and 3 months after operation. Linear and logistic regression were applied as statistical methods. Mean tumour diameter was 3.0 ± 2.2 cm (range 1.0-7.0 cm). GFR was 85 ± 22 ml/min/1.73 m² before the operation and 77 ± 21 ml/min/1.73 m² (-8% change) 3 months after the operation. In univariate linear regression, the percentage change in GFR was weakly but statistically significantly associated with surgical approach (p = 0.04), indication for nephron sparing (p = 0.02), preoperative GFR (p < 0.001), PADUA (p = 0.02), RENAL (p = 0.01) and RTII (p = 0.003). In multivariate logistic regression analysis among patients with tumours 3 cm or larger, PADUA (odds ratio 1.55, p = 0.021) and RTII (odds ratio 3.87, p = 0.037) predicted at least a 20% reduction in GFR. Renal tumour ACSs may be clinically useful in predicting changes in renal function after partial nephrectomy in patients with larger tumours. The performance of RTII is equal to that of other ACSs in predicting changes in GFR.

  8. Making sense of postoperative CT imaging following laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Lall, C G; Patel, H P; Fujimoto, S; Sandhu, S; Sundaram, C; Landman, J

    2012-07-01

    The increasing popularity of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) necessitates radiologists to become familiar with the operative techniques as well as normal and abnormal postoperative findings. Due to the varying presentation of abnormal changes following LPN and their similarities with other disease entities, radiologists should be cognizant of common pitfalls to avoid inadvertent misdiagnosis. A few common pitfalls discussed in this paper are the identification of laparoscopic port placement issues, recognizing a myriad of post-surgical materials, differentiating haemostatic materials from postoperative abscess and infection, non-absorbable suture material mimicking rim calcifications, as well as hints for differentiating exuberant granulation tissue from tumour recurrence. Copyright © 2011 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Oncological outcomes of nephron sparing nephrectomy. 17-year analysis.

    PubMed

    Aguilera Bazan, Alfredo; Bañuelos, B; Alonso-Dorrego, J M; Diez, J; Cisneros, J; De la Peña Barthel, J

    2014-04-01

    Nephron sparing renal surgery is considered the technique of choice for renal tumors smaller than 4 cm. We present our oncological results in a 17-year period. Between January 1995 and December 2012, 130 renal tumor surgeries (58 open, 72 laparoscopic) were performed. We analize the pathological results, presence of positive surgical margins, local relapse, distant metastases and death. The most frequent tumor was clear cell carcinoma (73%) in a pT1 stage (87%). Mean tumor size was 3 cm. Positive surgical margin rate was 7%, currently without any tumor recurrence among these cases (follow up 37 months). Cancer specific mortality is 0% and local recurrence rate 3%. Mean follow up is 71 months. Nephron sparing surgery results are similar to radical nephrectomy in tumors smaller than 4 cm. Positive surgical margins do not seem to have an important repercussion in cancer specific survival.

  10. Ureteral Clipping Simplifies Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Sajadi, Kamran P.; Wynn, James J.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: We describe a technique of doubly clipping the distal ureter during hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN) to prevent urine accumulation, thereby simplifying renal hilar division and potentially decreasing the graft warm ischemic time. Methods: A technique of placing polymer-locking clips across the distal ureter prior to division was developed to prevent urine accumulation and the need for suctioning during critical hilar vessel division. Results: We found that ureteral clipping and the elimination of urine accumulation simplified renal hilar division. Retrospective assessment of a series of 27 sequential HALDNs (15 without and 12 with clipping) demonstrated similar estimated blood loss, total operative and warm ischemic times (P=0.13 to 0.18). No adverse impact on graft viability or recipient outcome was observed. Conclusion: Distal ureter clipping to prevent urine accumulation around the renal hilum during HALDN is safe and helpful. PMID:21605517

  11. [Outcomes of transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal adenocarcinoma].

    PubMed

    Safarík, L; Novák, K; Babjuk, M; Pesl, M; Macek, P; Dvorácek, J

    2008-11-01

    Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) is method of choice in malignant renal tumors (RCC) stage T1-3. Procedure has proved to be technically safe with low post-operative morbidity and standard oncological results, provided the patients are secondaries free in the time of surgery, and there was no positive margin in resected tissue. There was no recurrence even after 6 years of follow-up. The most influential variables regarding the survival of patients postoperatively were: presence of metastases in the time of surgery p <0.0001, pathological grade p < 0.001, stage p < 0.018 and p < 0.046, respectively, if the tumors were 4 cm and bigger. It could be concluded, that laparoscopic way of removing the tumor with the kidney has proved the same oncological results even in the mid-term follow-up, if compared with classical open surgery done lege artis.

  12. Prediction of complications after partial nephrectomy by RENAL nephrometry score

    PubMed Central

    Pillai, R; Parker, RA; Weston, J; Burgess, NA; Ho, ETS; Mills, RD; Rochester, MA

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Discussing and planning the appropriate management for suspicious renal masses can be challenging. With the development of nephrometry scoring methods, we aimed to evaluate the ability of the RENAL nephrometry score to predict both the incidence of postoperative complications and the change in renal function after a partial nephrectomy. Methods This was a retrospective study including 128 consecutive patients who underwent a partial nephrectomy (open and laparoscopic) for renal lesions in a tertiary UK referral centre. Univariate and multivariate ordinal regression models were used to identify associations between Clavien–Dindo classification and explanatory variables. The Kendall rank correlation coefficient was used to examine an association between RENAL nephrometry score and a drop in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) following surgery. Results An increase in the RENAL nephrometry score of one point resulted in greater odds of being in a higher Clavien–Dindo classification after controlling for RENAL suffix and type of surgical procedure (odds ratio [OR]: 1.29, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04–1.64, p=0.043). Furthermore, a patient with the RENAL suffix ‘p’ (ie posterior location of tumour) had increased odds of developing more serious complications (OR: 2.60, 95% CI: 1.07–6.30, p=0.042). A correlation was shown between RENAL nephrometry score and postoperative drop in eGFR (Kendall’s tau coefficient -0.24, p=0.004). Conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first study that has shown the predictive ability of the RENAL nephrometry scoring system in a UK cohort both in terms of postoperative complications and change in renal function. PMID:25198982

  13. Radiation response of the monkey kidney following contralateral nephrectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Robbins, M.E.C.; Stephens, L.C.; Gray, K.N.

    1994-09-30

    The long-term functional and morphologic responses of the hypertrophied monkey kidney after unilateral nephrectomy to fractionated irradiation were assessed. The right kidney of 13 adult female rhesus monkeys was removed. Twelve weeks after unilateral nephrectomy (UN) the remaining kidney received fractionated doses of {gamma}-rays ranging from 35.2 Gy/16 fractions (F) up to 44 Gy/20 F. Glomerular filtration rate, effective renal plasma flow, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, and hematocrit values were measured up to 107 weeks postirradiation (PI). The monkeys were killed and the remaining kidneys were removed 107 weeks PI or earlier when end-stage renal failure was exhibited. Glomeruli were scored for the presence/absence of several pathologic features including increased intercapillary eosinophilic material (ICE), ecstatic capillaries, and thrombi. The relative proportion of renal cortex occupied by glomeruli, interstitium, normal tubules or abnormal tubules was determined using a Chalkley point grid. These quantal dose response data were analyzed using a logistic regression model. Irradiation of the remaining kidney in UN monkeys resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in renal function and anemia. Glomerular dysfunction preceded tubular dysfunction. Animals receiving 44 Gy all manifested progressive clinical renal failure. Conversely, those receiving {le} 39.6 Gy showed stable, albeit impaired, renal function for the duration of the observation period of 107 weeks. Morphologically, the incidence of ICE, ecstatic glomerular capillaries, thrombi, and periglomerular fibrosis was significantly dose-related (p < 0.005). A significant (p < 0.001) dose-related increase in the relative proportion of renal cortex occupied by abnormal tubules was indicative of tubular injury. A highly significant (p < 0.001) dose-dependent increase in the proportion of abnormal to normal tubules was also seen. 27 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. Intraoperative ultrasound control of surgical margins during partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Alharbi, Feras M; Chahwan, Charles K; Le Gal, Sophie G; Guleryuz, Kerem M; Tillou, Xavier P; Doerfler, Arnaud P

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate a simple and fast technique to ensure negative surgical margins on partial nephrectomies, while correlating margin statuses with the final pathology report. This study was conducted for patients undergoing partial nephrectomy (PN) with T1-T2 renal tumors from January 2010 to the end of December 2015. Before tumor removal, intraoperative ultrasound (US) localization was performed. After tumor removal and before performing hemostasis of the kidney, the specimens were placed in a saline solution and a US was performed to evaluate if the tumor's capsule were intact, and then compared to the final pathology results. In 177 PN(s) (147 open procedures and 30 laparoscopic procedures) were performed on 147 patients. Arterial clamping was done for 32 patients and the mean warm ischemia time was 19 ± 6 min. The mean US examination time was 41 ± 7 s. The US analysis of surgical margins was negative in 172 cases, positive in four, and in only one case it was not possible to conclude. The final pathology results revealed one false positive surgical margin and one false negative surgical margin, while all other margins were in concert with US results. The mean tumor size was 3.53 ± 1.43 cm, and the mean surgical margin was 2.8 ± 1.5 mm. The intraoperative US control of resection margins in PN is a simple, efficient, and effective method for ensuring negative surgical margins with a small increase in warm ischemia time and can be conducted by the operating urologist.

  15. Intraoperative ultrasound control of surgical margins during partial nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Alharbi, Feras M.; Chahwan, Charles K.; Le Gal, Sophie G.; Guleryuz, Kerem M.; Tillou, Xavier P.; Doerfler, Arnaud P.

    2016-01-01

    Aims: To evaluate a simple and fast technique to ensure negative surgical margins on partial nephrectomies, while correlating margin statuses with the final pathology report. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted for patients undergoing partial nephrectomy (PN) with T1–T2 renal tumors from January 2010 to the end of December 2015. Before tumor removal, intraoperative ultrasound (US) localization was performed. After tumor removal and before performing hemostasis of the kidney, the specimens were placed in a saline solution and a US was performed to evaluate if the tumor's capsule were intact, and then compared to the final pathology results. Results: In 177 PN(s) (147 open procedures and 30 laparoscopic procedures) were performed on 147 patients. Arterial clamping was done for 32 patients and the mean warm ischemia time was 19 ± 6 min. The mean US examination time was 41 ± 7 s. The US analysis of surgical margins was negative in 172 cases, positive in four, and in only one case it was not possible to conclude. The final pathology results revealed one false positive surgical margin and one false negative surgical margin, while all other margins were in concert with US results. The mean tumor size was 3.53 ± 1.43 cm, and the mean surgical margin was 2.8 ± 1.5 mm. Conclusions: The intraoperative US control of resection margins in PN is a simple, efficient, and effective method for ensuring negative surgical margins with a small increase in warm ischemia time and can be conducted by the operating urologist. PMID:28057986

  16. [Subtotal or total colectomy as surgical treatment of left-sided occlusive colon cancer].

    PubMed

    Tohmé, Cyril; Chakhtoura, Ghassan; Abboud, Bassam; Noun, Roger; Sarkis, Riad; Ingea, Henri; Farah, Pierre; Ghossain, Antoine

    2008-01-01

    The treatment of acutely obstructed carcinoma of the left colon and sigmoid still represents a matter of controversy. The aim of this study was to assess retrospectively the results of its management by emergency subtotal or total colectomy with primary anastomosis. Sixty-seven patients were reviewed. There were 42 males and 25 females. The mean age was 70.5 years (range: 26-87 years). Mean operative time was 210 minutes. There were five synchronous colon carcinomas (7.5%) and 23 (343%) synchronous tubulous and tubulo-villous adenomas. No death was noted in the series. Ten postoperative complications (15%) occurred in nine patients including one postoperative peritonitis without evidence of anastomotic leak, one alithiasic cholecystitis, one evisceration and two intra-abdominal abscesses. The mean hospital stay was 11.4 days. Fifty-eight patients were assessed at three and twelve months for functional results. No fecal incontinence was encountered. The mean number of bowel movements per 24 hours was 3.2 at three months and 2 at twelve months. All patients were satisfied with their quality of life. Twelve patients (20.7%) occasionally needed anti-diarrheic medications. Urgent subtotal or total colectomy with primary anastomosis is a safe and efficient procedure in the management of acutely obstructed neoplasm of the left colon. It allows to treat in one stage the cancer and the obstruction, bearing no mortality, acceptable morbidity and satisfactory postoperative functional results.

  17. Case Report: Modified Laparoscopic Subtotal Cholecystectomy: An Alternative Approach to the “Difficult Gallbladder”

    PubMed Central

    Segal, Michael S.; Huynh, Richard H.; Wright, George O.

    2017-01-01

    Patient: Male, 56 Final Diagnosis: Acute cholecystitis Symptoms: Abdominal pain Medication:— Clinical Procedure: Laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy Specialty: Surgery Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a commonly performed surgical procedure. In certain situations visualization of the Callot triangle can become difficult due to inflammation, adhesions, and sclerosing of the anatomy. Without being able to obtain the “critical view of safety” (CVS), there is increased risk of damage to vital structures. An alternative approach to the conventional conversion to an open cholecystectomy (OC) would be a laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC). Case Report: We present a case of a 56-year-old male patient with acute cholecystitis with a “difficult gallbladder” managed with LSC. Due to poor visualization of the Callot triangle due to adhesions, safe dissection was not feasible. In an effort to avoid injury to the common bile duct (CBD), dissection began at the dome of the gallbladder allowing an alternative view while ensuring safety of critical structures. Conclusions: We discuss the potential benefits and risks of LSC versus conversion to OC. Our discussion incorporates the pathophysiology that allows LSC in this particular circumstance to be successful, and the considerations a surgeon faces in making a decision in management. PMID:28220035

  18. Subtotal resection of an intradural mature teratoma in an adult presenting with difficulty initiating micturition

    PubMed Central

    Vanguardia, Maria Kristina; Honeybul, Stephen; Robbins, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Background: Teratomas are tumors comprised of tissues from all three germ layers. Teratomas within the spine are exceedingly rare especially in the absence of either spinal dysraphism, congenital abnormalities of the spine, spinal surgery, or history of lumbar punctures. Virchow was the first to describe this occurrence in the spine in 1863 and since then, only a handful of cases have been reported. Case description: A 41-year-old male presented with a longstanding history of difficulty initiating micturition and lower back pain with recent onset of saddle paraesthesia and bilateral leg pain. He did not have a history suggestive of spinal trauma nor congenital abnormalities. Neurological examination was unremarkable. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed the presence of an intradural extra axial lesion in the region of the cauda equine. At surgery, the lesion was found to be densely adherent to the conus and a subtotal resection was performed. Histological examination confirmed the lesion to be a mature teratoma. Postoperatively, he made a good recovery and there is no evidence of recurrence at one year follow-up. Conclusion: This case demonstrates that a teratoma without immature elements can be subtotally excised to reduce the risk of neurological morbidity. PMID:24778911

  19. Sophono Alpha System and subtotal petrosectomy with external auditory canal blind sac closure.

    PubMed

    Magliulo, Giuseppe; Turchetta, Rosaria; Iannella, Giannicola; Valperga di Masino, Riccardo; di Masino, Riccardo Valpega; de Vincentiis, Marco

    2015-09-01

    Recently, a new acoustic device, the so-called Sophono Alpha System, has been introduced into clinical practice. The aim of this study was to assess Sophono Alpha System hearing aids in ten patients suffering from recurrent chronic middle ear disease who underwent subtotal petrosectomy. Presence of mixed hearing loss with bone conduction thresholds better than or equal to 45 dB was present in each patient. Audiometric tests were performed before and after Sophono implantation and using a conventional bone conduction hearing aid (hearing glasses). Speech audiometry data (speech recognition threshold and word recognition score) were also collected. Speech recognition threshold in dB and percentage of word recognition score at 65 dB were subsequently calculated. After implantation and activation of the Sophono Alpha System, audiological data showed an average air conduction value of 42.1 dB. By comparing this data with the values of air conduction following subtotal petrosectomy, an average acoustic improvement of 29.7 dB could be calculated. The hearing results showed significantly better outcomes of Sophono Alpha System vs. conventional bone conduction aid. Indications to MRI use in patients undergoing Sophono Alpha System implantation are also provided.

  20. [Effect of electroacupuncture on bispectral index of electroencephalography in patients undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy].

    PubMed

    Liu, Yu-Yong; Li, Ya-Lan; Cai, Ming-Xue

    2006-12-01

    To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture on bispectral index (BIS) of electroencephalography in patients undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy. Sixty patients were equally randomized into group A given electroacupuncture combined with cervical plexus block (CPB) and group B given CPB alone. After needling sensation was reached in bilateral "Hegu" and "Neiguan" acupoints, 5 min of high frequency electrical stimulation by electrical stimulation device followed with CPB was applied to group A, while only CPB was performed in group B. Visual analog scale (VAS) and verbal stress scale (VSS) were monitored, complication and adverse reaction were observed and BIS, mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) were monitored continuously in the perioperative period. HR increased and BIS decreased in group A, both were lower significantly than those in group B (P < 0.01); MAP, the complementary dosage of fentanyl and lidocaine used and scores of VAS and VSS were also lower in group A than those in group B (P < 0.01). Electroacupuncture could enhance the anesthetic effect of CPB, lower the BIS value during subtotal thyroidectomy.

  1. Effect of Hemodynamics on Outcome of Subtotally Occluded Paraclinoid Aneurysms after Stent-Assisted Coil Embolization

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Jian; Jing, Linkai; Wang, Chao; Paliwal, Nikhil; Wang, Shengzhang; Zhang, Ying; Xiang, Jianping; Siddiqui, Adnan H; Meng, Hui; Yang, Xinjian

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND and OBJECTIVE Endovascular treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms is preferred in clinical practice. Flow alterations caused by stents and coils may affect treatment outcome. Our aim was to assess hemodynamic changes following stent-assisted coil embolization in subtotally embolized paraclinoid aneurysms with residual necks that were predisposed to recanalization. METHODS We studied 27 paraclinoid aneurysms (seven recanalized and 20 stable) treated with coils and Enterprise™ stents. Computational fluid dynamics simulations were performed on patient-specific aneurysm geometries using virtual stenting and porous media technology. RESULTS After stent placement in 27 cases, aneurysm flow velocity decreased significantly, gradually increasing from the neck plane (11.9%), to the residual neck (12.3%), to the aneurysm dome (16.3%). Subsequent coil embolization was performed after stent placement and the hemodynamic factors decreased further and significantly at all aneurysm regions except the neck plane. Compared between recanalized and stable cases, univariate analysis showed no significant differences in any parameter before treatment. After stent-assisted coiling, only the reduction in area-averaged velocity at the neck plane differed significantly between recanalized (8.1%) and stable cases (20.5%) (p=0.016). CONCLUSION Aneurysm flow velocity can be significantly decreased by stent placement and coil embolization. However, hemodynamics at the aneurysm neck plane was less sensitive to coils. Significant reduction in flow velocity at the neck plane may be an important factor in preventing recanalization of paraclinoid aneurysms after subtotal stent-assisted coil embolization. PMID:26610731

  2. Gastric microbiota and predicted gene functions are altered after subtotal gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer.

    PubMed

    Tseng, Ching-Hung; Lin, Jaw-Town; Ho, Hsiu J; Lai, Zi-Lun; Wang, Chang-Bi; Tang, Sen-Lin; Wu, Chun-Ying

    2016-02-10

    Subtotal gastrectomy (i.e., partial removal of the stomach), a surgical treatment for early-stage distal gastric cancer, is usually accompanied by highly selective vagotomy and Billroth II reconstruction, leading to dramatic changes in the gastric environment. Based on accumulating evidence of a strong link between human gut microbiota and host health, a 2-year follow-up study was conducted to characterize the effects of subtotal gastrectomy. Gastric microbiota and predicted gene functions inferred from 16S rRNA gene sequencing were analyzed before and after surgery. The results demonstrated that gastric microbiota is significantly more diverse after surgery. Ralstonia and Helicobacter were the top two genera of discriminant abundance in the cancerous stomach before surgery, while Streptococcus and Prevotella were the two most abundant genera after tumor excision. Furthermore, N-nitrosation genes were prevalent before surgery, whereas bile salt hydrolase, NO and N2O reductase were prevalent afterward. To our knowledge, this is the first report to document changes in gastric microbiota before and after surgical treatment of stomach cancer.

  3. Recurrence of Hypertrophic Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle of the Foot After Subtotal Resection.

    PubMed

    Schmauss, Daniel; Harder, Yves; Machens, Hans-Guenther; Lohmeyer, Joern Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Soft tissue tumors of the foot are rare, and the diagnosis is often difficult. Surgery is indicated if pain, discomfort, or functional impairment is present or to rule out malignancy. We present the case of a 14-year-old female with a painless swelling at the lateral aspect of her right foot. After radiologic imaging, including ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we performed a subtotal resection of the abductor digiti minimi muscle, preserving its motor nerve. Four months later, recurrence of the soft tissue mass was observed. MRI revealed hypertrophy of the small muscles of the foot, including the abductor digiti minimi, quadratus plantae, and flexor digiti minimi brevis. Functional impairment resulted in complete excision of the remnant abductor digiti minimi muscle and partial excision of the flexor digiti minimi brevis muscle another 7 months later. Twelve months after the secondary surgery, neither clinical nor radiologic signs of a second recurrence were found. At the last follow-up visit, the patient was satisfied with the contour of her foot and not hindered at all during sporting activities. Our findings demonstrate that subtotal resection of a bulky muscle, preserving its motor nerve, can result in reactive hypertrophy of the remnant muscle part. The patient must be informed that partial excision of an innervated muscle could result in reactive hypertrophy and must be contrasted with radical muscle excision that might be more likely to result in functional impairment.

  4. Subtotal resection for management of large jugular paragangliomas with functional lower cranial nerves.

    PubMed

    Wanna, George B; Sweeney, Alex D; Carlson, Matthew L; Latuska, Richard F; Rivas, Alejandro; Bennett, Marc L; Netterville, James L; Haynes, David S

    2014-12-01

    To evaluate tumor control following subtotal resection of advanced jugular paragangliomas in patients with functional lower cranial nerves and to investigate the utility of salvage radiotherapy for residual progressive disease. Case series with planned chart review. Tertiary academic referral center. Patients who presented with advanced jugular paragangliomas and functional lower cranial nerves were analyzed. Primary outcome measures included extent of resection, long-term tumor control, need for additional treatment, and postoperative lower cranial nerve function. Twelve patients (mean age, 46.2 years; 7 women, 58.3%) who met inclusion criteria were evaluated between 1999 and 2013. The mean postoperative residual tumor volume was 27.7% (range, 3.5%-75.0%) of the preoperative volume. When the residual tumor volume was less than 20% of the preoperative volume, no tumor growth occurred over an average of 44.6 months of follow-up (P < .01). Four tumors (33.3%) demonstrated serial growth at a mean of 23.5 months following resection, 2 of which were treated with salvage stereotactic radiotherapy providing control through the last recorded follow-up. No patient experienced permanent postoperative lower cranial neuropathy as a result of surgery. Subtotal resection of jugular paragangliomas with preservation of the lower cranial nerves is a viable management strategy. If more than 80% of the preoperative tumor volume is resected, the residual tumor seems less likely to grow. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2014.

  5. Effect of nephrectomy on the rate and pattern of the disappearance of exogenous gastrin in dogs

    PubMed Central

    Clendinnen, B. Guy; Reeder, David D.; Brandt, E. N.; Thompson, James C.

    1973-01-01

    Studies of gastrin metabolism were performed in four dogs before and after nephrectomy. Synthetic human gastrin I was infused for two hours and serum samples were obtained at various times during and after infusion. Serum concentrations of gastrin were measured by radioimmunoassay. A two-compartment model was employed to calculate half-lives under each of four experimental conditions, low and high infusion rates, used both before and after nephrectomy. The model half-life was greatly prolonged after nephrectomy at both infusion rates (from 2·54 min to 5·15 min at the low rate, and from 2·85 min to 7·88 min at the high rate). The metabolic clearance rate, an expression of the rate of catabolism during infusion, decreased significantly after nephrectomy at both infusion rates. These observations indicate that the kidney is an important organ for the catabolism of exogenous gastrin. PMID:4719213

  6. Robotic surgery and hemostatic agents in partial nephrectomy: a high rate of success without vascular clamping.

    PubMed

    Morelli, Luca; Morelli, John; Palmeri, Matteo; D'Isidoro, Cristiano; Kauffmann, Emanuele Federico; Tartaglia, Dario; Caprili, Giovanni; Pisano, Roberta; Guadagni, Simone; Di Franco, Gregorio; Di Candio, Giulio; Mosca, Franco

    2015-09-01

    Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy has been proposed as a technique to overcome technical challenges of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. We prospectively collected and analyzed data from 31 patients who underwent robotic partial nephrectomy with systematic use of hemostatic agents, between February 2009 and October 2014. Thirty-three renal tumors were treated in 31 patients. There were no conversions to open surgery, intraoperative complications, or blood transfusions. The mean size of the resected tumors was 27 mm (median 20 mm, range 5-40 mm). Twenty-seven of 33 lesions (82%) did not require vascular clamping and therefore were treated in the absence of ischemia. All margins were negative. The high partial nephrectomy success rate without vascular clamping suggests that robotic nephron-sparing surgery with systematic use of hemostatic agents may be a safe, effective method to completely avoid ischemia in the treatment of selected renal masses.

  7. Kidney retransplantation for BK virus nephropathy with active viremia without allograft nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Huang, Jingbo; Danovitch, Gabriel; Pham, Phuong-Thu; Bunnapradist, Suphamai; Huang, Edmund

    2015-12-01

    BK virus nephropathy is an important cause of kidney allograft failure. Retransplantation has been successfully performed for patients with previous allograft loss due to BK virus nephropathy; however, whether allograft nephrectomy and viral clearance are required prior to retransplantation is controversial. Some recent studies have suggested that retransplantion can be successfully achieved without allograft nephrectomy if viremia is cleared prior to retransplant. The only published experience of successful retransplantation in the presence of active viremia occurred in the presence of concomitant allograft nephrectomy of the failing kidney. In this report, we describe a case of successful repeat kidney transplant in a patient with high-grade BK viremia and fulminant hepatic failure without concomitant allograft nephrectomy performed under the setting of a simultaneous liver-kidney transplant.

  8. Functional reconstruction after subtotal glossectomy in the surgical treatment of an uncommon and aggressive neoplasm in this location: Primary malignant melanoma in the base of the tongue

    PubMed Central

    Manzano-Solo-de-Zaldívar, Damián; Moreno-Sánchez, Manuel; Hernández-Vila, Cristina; Ramírez-Pérez, Francisco-Alejandro; González-Ballester, David; Ruíz-Laza, Luis; González-García, Raúl; Monje-Gil, Florencio

    2014-01-01

    Primary malignant melanoma of the oral cavity is a rare neoplasm, especially on the tongue. We report a case of mucosal melanoma at the base of the tongue, an extremely rare location (only about 30 cases have been reported in literature). The extension study doesn´t revealed distant metastatic lesions. The patient was treated by subtotal glossectomy and bilateral functional neck dissection. Tongue is one of the most difficult structures to reconstruct, because of their central role in phonation, swallowing and airway protection. The defect was reconstructed with anterolateral thigh free flap. Surgical treatment was supplemented with adjuvant immunotherapy. The post-operative period was uneventful. At present, 24 months after surgery, patient is asymptomatic, there isn´t evidence of recurrence of melanoma and he hasn´t any difficulty in swallowing or phonation. Key words:Malignant mucosal melanoma, anterolateral thigh free flap, phonation, swallowing. PMID:25593674

  9. [Indications and surgical technique of subtotal hysterectomy for a general surgeon practicing in austere environment with limited resources].

    PubMed

    Goudard, Y; Canel, V; Goin, G; Pauleau, G; Savoie, P-H; Hornez, E; Bordes, J; Bertani, A; Balandraud, P; Bonnet, S

    2015-01-01

    Uterine fibromyomata in Africa, which represents the most frequent benign uterine disease, is a real public health. This pathology is frequent and most of times discovered at a late stage where the volume of the uterus is responsible for invalidating symptoms that impairs patients' quality of life. Subtotal hysterectomy, which preserves the cervix, is faster than total hysterectomy and reduces intraoperative (duration of operation, blood loss) and postoperative morbidity (urinary infection, vaginal cicatrization). Subtotal hysterectomy is adapted to countries with limited resources. Its realization requires the preoperative assessment of normal cervix and a regular post-operative follow-up of the cervix left in place.

  10. CT detection of fat retention in the bladder after partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Kazaoka, Junichi; Kusakabe, Masashi; Ottomo, Taro; Akahane, Masaaki

    2017-07-01

    This study aimed to investigate the frequency of fat retention in the bladder using postoperative computed tomography (CT) and the associated imaging or clinical findings in patients who underwent renal tumor surgery. We retrospectively reviewed postoperative CT images from 123 patients who underwent surgery for renal tumors (92 patients after partial nephrectomy and 31 after total nephrectomy). Furthermore, we evaluated preoperative tumor characteristics per an established standardized nephrometry scoring system (the R.E.N.A.L Nephrometry Score) for patients with partial nephrectomy. We also investigated whether collecting system repair occurred during surgery. Fat retention in the bladder was found in 5 patients (5.4%) after partial nephrectomy, but was not observed in any patients after total nephrectomy. No fat retention was seen immediately after partial nephrectomy (4-8 days), but occurred 2-15 months after the surgery. Subsequently, intravesical fat retention disappeared in 3 patients (8, 24, and 16 months later), and it persisted from 19-22 months after surgery in the remaining 2 patients. Collecting system repair occurred in 25 patients (27%) with partial nephrectomy. There was no statistically significant association between fat retention in the bladder and intraoperative collecting system repair (p = 0.12). The association with intravesical fat retention was not significant for either tumor size, distance to the collecting system, or the R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Score. Fat retention in the bladder after partial nephrectomy can be observed using CT, although it is relatively rare. It is clinically asymptomatic and disappears spontaneously in most cases.

  11. Partial nephrectomy after previous radio frequency ablation: the National Cancer Institute experience.

    PubMed

    Kowalczyk, Keith J; Hooper, H Brooks; Linehan, W Marston; Pinto, Peter A; Wood, Bradford J; Bratslavsky, Gennady

    2009-11-01

    Development of new renal tumors or recurrence after radio frequency ablation not amendable for repeat ablation presents a difficult therapeutic dilemma. We report on the outcomes of partial nephrectomy on kidneys previously treated with radio frequency ablation. We performed a chart review of 13 patients who underwent 16 attempted partial nephrectomies following radio frequency ablation. Hospital records and operative reports were reviewed for demographic data, perioperative data and outcomes. The outcomes of the present series were compared to historical controls of published studies in similar patient populations. No cases were converted to radical nephrectomy. Median time from radio frequency ablation to surgery was 2.75 years (range 1 to 7.1). A median of 7 tumors (range 2 to 40) were removed with a median estimated blood loss of 1,500 ml (range 500 to 3,500) and a median operative time of 7.8 hours (range 5 to 10.7). Operative notes commented on the presence of severe fibrosis in the operative field in 12 of 16 cases (75%). There was a modest but statistically significant decrease in renal function. Partial nephrectomy after radio frequency ablation had a higher reoperation rate compared to other series of primary or repeat partial nephrectomies but had the lowest rate of vascular or visceral injuries. Partial nephrectomy on kidneys previously treated with radio frequency ablation is a technically challenging but feasible procedure. Residual or metachronous disease after radio frequency ablation may be salvaged with partial nephrectomy with a modest decrease in renal function. A trend toward a higher chance of reoperation and urine leak after partial nephrectomy after radio frequency ablation may be useful information for the planning and discussion of treatment decisions.

  12. Hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy for xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis with nephrocutaneous fistula after failed flank exploration.

    PubMed

    Kijvikai, Kittinut; Dissaranan, Charuspong; Chalermsanyakorn, Panas; Matchariyakul, Chaiyasit; Kochakarn, Wachira

    2006-08-01

    Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis presenting with nephrocutaneous fistula is a rare condition, and its treatment of choice is nephrectomy. Laparoscopic management has been proved to be challenging in these inflammatory renal conditions. However, there was no previous report in the literature regarding laparoscopic treatment of nephrocutaneous fistula especially after previous operation. In this communication, we report the first case of hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy for xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis with nephrocutaneous fistula after previous failed flank exploration.

  13. New three-dimensional head-mounted display system, TMDU-S-3D system, for minimally invasive surgery application: procedures for gasless single-port radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Kihara, Kazunori; Fujii, Yasuhisa; Masuda, Hitoshi; Saito, Kazutaka; Koga, Fumitaka; Matsuoka, Yoh; Numao, Noboru; Kojima, Kazuyuki

    2012-09-01

    We present an application of a new three-dimensional head-mounted display system that combines a high-definition three-dimensional organic electroluminescent head-mounted display with a high-definition three-dimensional endoscope to minimally invasive surgery, using gasless single-port radical nephrectomy procedures as a model. This system presents the surgeon with a higher quality of magnified three-dimensional imagery in front of the eyes regardless of head position, and simultaneously allows direct vision by moving the angle of sight downward. It is also significantly less expensive than the current robotic surgery system. While carrying out gasless single-port radical nephrectomy, the system provided the surgeon with excellent three-dimensional imagery of the operative field, direct vision of the outside and inside of the patient, and depth perception and tactile feedback through the devices. All four nephrectomies were safely completed within the operative time, blood loss was within usual limits and there were no complications. The display was light enough to comfortably be worn for a long operative time. Our experiences show that the three-dimensional head-mounted display system might facilitate maneuverability and safety in minimally invasive procedures, without prohibitive cost, and thus might mitigate the drawbacks of other three-dimensional vision systems. Because of the potential benefits that this system offers, it deserves further refinements of its role in various minimally invasive surgeries.

  14. Laparoscopic nephrectomy for giant staghorn calculus with non-functioning kidneys: Is associated unsuspected urothelial carcinoma responsible for conversion? Report of 2 cases

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Hemendra Navinchandra; Jain, Pritesh; Chibber, Percy Jal

    2006-01-01

    Background- Neglected renal stones remain a major cause of morbidity in developing countries. They not only result in functional impairment of affected kidney, but also act as an important predisposing factor for development of urothelial neoplasms. It is not uncommon to miss an associated urothelial tumor in a patient of nephrolithiasis preoperatively. Case presentation- In last 3 years, we came across two patients with giant staghorn calculus and poorly functioning kidneys who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy. In view of significant perirenal adhesions & loss of normal tissue planes both these patients were electively converted to open surgery. The pathological examination of specimen revealed an unsuspected urothelial carcinoma in both these patients. The summary of our cases and review of literature is presented. Conclusion- It is important to keep a differential diagnosis of associated urothelial malignancy in mind in patient presenting with long standing renal calculi. The exact role of a computerized tomography and cytology in preoperative workup for detection of possible associated malignancy in such condition is yet to be defined. Similarly if laparoscopic dissection appears difficult during nephrectomy for a renal calculus with non-functional kidney, keeping a possibility of associated urothelial malignancy in mind it is advisable to dissect in a plane outside gerotas fascia as for radical nephrectomy. PMID:16398940

  15. Bilateral native nephrectomy for refractory hypertension in kidney transplant and kidney pancreas transplant patients

    PubMed Central

    Lerman, Mark J.; Hinton, Sandra; Aronoff, Ronald

    2015-01-01

    Hypertension is common in renal transplant patients and sometimes very difficult to control. Refractory hypertension can adversely affect renal graft and patient survival. Many antihypertensive medications are not well tolerated or can have important drug interactions with immunosuppressive medications. These drugs can cause significant side effects including fluid depletion, azotemia, electrolyte imbalance, and anemia. Bilateral native nephrectomy in renal transplant patients has been reported to be beneficial in controlling severe hypertension. We report five patients with severe hypertension despite as many as 9 different antihypertensive medications. All patients had previous kidney or simultaneous kidney pancreas transplantation. Each of our patients underwent laparoscopic bilateral native nephrectomy. Renal function varied from creatinine of 1.4–2.4, and the number of antihypertensive medications from 3 to 9 at the time of nephrectomy surgery. Mean arterial blood pressure improved in all five patients at 3–6 months post nephrectomy, the number of antihypertensive medications decreased in 4, but renal function remained stable at 3–6 months in only 3 patients. We found laparoscopic bilateral native nephrectomy to be beneficial in renal and simultaneous kidney pancreas transplant patients with severe and refractory hypertension. Our patients with better baseline renal allograft function at time of nephrectomy received the most benefit. No decrease in allograft function could be attributed to acute rejection. PMID:26348394

  16. Laparoscopic splenectomy and nephrectomy in a rat model. Description of a new technique.

    PubMed

    Giuffrida, M C; Marquet, R L; Kazemier, G; Wittich, P; Bouvy, N D; Bruining, H A; Bonjer, H J

    1997-05-01

    In experimental studies on the effects of laparoscopic procedures on tumor biology, a localized tumor model is desirable. The spleen and the kidney are preferable, because these organs are amenable to tumor placement and subsequent removal. This study describes the technique of laparoscopic splenectomy and nephrectomy in the rat model. Pneumoperitoneum was established by CO2 insufflation. Laparoscopic splenectomy involved two-handed dissection, intracorporeal ligation, and division of gastrosplenic attachments and hilar and short gastric vessels. Laparoscopic nephrectomy was done by intracorporeal ligation and division of the renal vessels and the ureter after mobilization of the kidney. Laparoscopic splenectomy was performed in six rats; laparoscopic nephrectomy was done in six rats. Operative time ranged from 45 to 90 min for splenectomy and from 40 to 65 min for nephrectomy. Postoperatively, two rats died from hemorrhage. Necropsy of the rats after 10 days revealed adhesion in three rats after splenectomy and in four rats after nephrectomy. Inflammatory processes were found around the silk ligatures in all rats after splenectomy; in two rats wound infections occurred at the port sites. Laparoscopic splenectomy and nephrectomy in the rat proved technically feasible and may provide new localized tumor models suitable to be used in further studies on the oncological effects of laparoscopic surgery.

  17. 5/6th nephrectomy in combination with high salt diet and nitric oxide synthase inhibition to induce chronic kidney disease in the Lewis rat.

    PubMed

    van Koppen, Arianne; Verhaar, Marianne C; Bongartz, Lennart G; Joles, Jaap A

    2013-07-03

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global problem. Slowing CKD progression is a major health priority. Since CKD is characterized by complex derangements of homeostasis, integrative animal models are necessary to study development and progression of CKD. To study development of CKD and novel therapeutic interventions in CKD, we use the 5/6th nephrectomy ablation model, a well known experimental model of progressive renal disease, resembling several aspects of human CKD. The gross reduction in renal mass causes progressive glomerular and tubulo-interstitial injury, loss of remnant nephrons and development of systemic and glomerular hypertension. It is also associated with progressive intrarenal capillary loss, inflammation and glomerulosclerosis. Risk factors for CKD invariably impact on endothelial function. To mimic this, we combine removal of 5/6th of renal mass with nitric oxide (NO) depletion and a high salt diet. After arrival and acclimatization, animals receive a NO synthase inhibitor (NG-nitro-L-Arginine) (L-NNA) supplemented to drinking water (20 mg/L) for a period of 4 weeks, followed by right sided uninephrectomy. One week later, a subtotal nephrectomy (SNX) is performed on the left side. After SNX, animals are allowed to recover for two days followed by LNNA in drinking water (20 mg/L) for a further period of 4 weeks. A high salt diet (6%), supplemented in ground chow (see time line Figure 1), is continued throughout the experiment. Progression of renal failure is followed over time by measuring plasma urea, systolic blood pressure and proteinuria. By six weeks after SNX, renal failure has developed. Renal function is measured using 'gold standard' inulin and para-amino hippuric acid (PAH) clearance technology. This model of CKD is characterized by a reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), hypertension (systolic blood pressure>150 mmHg), proteinuria (> 50 mg/24 hr) and mild uremia (>10 mM). Histological

  18. [Study of subtotal colectomy combined with psychological intervention in treating slow transit constipation].

    PubMed

    Gong, Wenjing; Zhao, Xizhong; Zhao, Meizhu; Lan, Haibo; An, Hui; Yang, Xiangdong

    2016-12-25

    To investigate the value of psychological intervention in treating slow transit constipation (STC), and to provide the reference to clinical treatment for STC patients with psychological disorder. A total of 94 STC patients with psychological disorder admitted to the Anorectal Hospital of Chengdu from June 2010 to August 2012 were prospectively enrolled and divided into psychological intervention group(subtotal colectomy plus postoperative psychological intervention) and control group (subtotal colectomy without postoperative psychological intervention). Scores of Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Hamilton anxiety scale(HAMA), Wexner constipation scale (WCS) and gastrointestinal quality-of-life index(GIQLI) were recorded 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation. SPSS 17.0 statistical software was used to analyze the data. There were no differences in baseline data, operative time, blood loss, time to the first flatus and time to the first defecation between two groups(all P>0.05). The scores of HAMD and HAMA were significantly reduced in psychological intervention group compared with control group 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation (all P<0.05). Ratios of cure, obvious progress, progress and invalidation of depression symptoms in psychological intervention group were 2.6%(1/39), 66.7%(26/39), 25.6%(10/39) and 5.1% (2/39) respectively at postoperative 24-month, which were better than those [0, 34.2%(13/38), 44.7% (17/38) and 21.1%(8/38) respectively] in control group with significant difference(P=0.013). Ratios of cure, obvious progress, progress and invalidation of anxiety symptoms in psychological intervention group were 10.3%(4/39), 53.8%(21/39), 28.2%(11/39) and 7.7%(3/39) respectively at postoperative 24-month, which were better than those [0, 28.9%(11/38), 55.3%(21/38) and 15.8%(6/38) respectively] in control group with significant difference (P=0.011). The WCS scores in psychological intervention group were lower than those in control group 6, 12, 24

  19. Who is at risk of death from nephrectomy? An analysis of thirty-day mortality after 21 380 nephrectomies in 3 years of the British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS) National Nephrectomy Audit.

    PubMed

    Fernando, Archie; Fowler, Sarah; Van Hemelrijck, Mieke; O'Brien, Tim

    2017-09-01

    To ascertain contemporary overall and differential thirty-day mortality (TDM) rates after all types of nephrectomy in the UK, and to identify potential new risk factors for death. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the 110 deaths that occurred within 30 days of surgery out of the total of 21 380 nephrectomies performed, and calculated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for TDM based on peri-operative characteristics. The overall TDM rate was 110/21380 (0.5%). The TDM rates after radical, partial, simple nephrectomy and nephro-ureterectomy were 0.6% (63/11057), 0.1% (4/3931), 0.4% (11/2819) and 0.9% (28/3091), respectively. TDM increased with age, stage, estimated blood loss (EBL), operating time and performance status. EBL of 1-2 L was associated with a greater risk of TDM than EBL of 2-5 L (OR 1.38; 95% CI 1.03-2.24). Conversion from minimally invasive surgery was associated with higher risk than non-conversion (OR 2.53; 95% CI 1.14-4.51. Curative surgery was safer than cytoreductive surgery (OR 0.31; 95% CI 0.18-0.54). There was an association between surgical volume and TDM. This study provides contemporary insights into the true risks of all types of nephrectomy. The TDM rate after nephrectomy in the UK appears acceptably low at 0.5%. Established risk factors were confirmed and the following novel risk factors were identified: modest EBL (1-2 L) and conversion from minimally invasive surgery. © 2017 The Authors BJU International © 2017 BJU International Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Robotic partial nephrectomy in the setting of prior abdominal surgery.

    PubMed

    Petros, Firas G; Patel, Manish N; Kheterpal, Emil; Siddiqui, Sameer; Ross, James; Bhandari, Akshay; Diaz, Mireya; Menon, Mani; Rogers, Craig G

    2011-08-01

    • To evaluate our experience with robotic partial nephrectomy in patients with previous abdominal surgery and evaluate the effect of previous abdominal surgery on perioperative outcomes. We also describe a technique for intraperitoneal access for patients with prior abdominal surgery utilizing the 8 mm robotic camera for direct-vision trocar placement. • From a prospective cohort of 197 consecutive patients who underwent robotic renal surgery at a single academic institution, a total of 95 patients underwent transperitoneal robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN). • Patients with and without previous abdominal surgery were compared. Patients with prior abdominal surgery were subcategorized into two groups: upper midline or ipsilateral upper quadrant scar or lower abdominal, contralateral, or minimally-invasive scar. • Demographic and perioperative variables were compared between the surgery and no surgery groups. Access was obtained using a Veress needle or Hassan technique. • We utilized a technique of direct vision placement of the initial trocar on our 10 most recent cases, using an 8 mm robotic camera placed through the obturator of 12 mm clear-tipped trocar. • Lysis of adhesions was performed as needed to allow for placement of additional robotic ports. • A total of 95 patients underwent transperitoneal RPN, of which 41 (43%) had a history of prior abdominal surgery and six had upper midline or ipsilateral upper quadrant scars. • There were no statistically significant differences between patients with previous abdominal surgery and patients with no previous abdominal surgery in BMI (30.4 vs 29.4 kg/m(2) ), median tumor size (2.5 cm vs 2.3), median total operative time (246 vs 250 min), median warm ischemia time (21 vs 16 min), median EBL (150 vs100 ml), clinical stage, transfusion rate, or complications. • A total of six patients underwent 7 previous upper midline or ipsilateral upper quadrant surgeries, including open cholecystectomy-2 patients

  1. A new method of subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves’ disease leaving a unilateral remnant based on the upper pole

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Yu; Liu, Bin; Liu, Rui-Lei; Jiang, Hua; Huang, Ze-Nan; Huang, Yong

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the feasibility of subtotal thyroidectomy with leaving a unilateral remnant based on the upper pole. Methods: Patients who underwent the subtotal thyroidectomy and isthmusectomy leaving either a unilateral remnant based on the upper pole (Group I, 79 patients) or the bilateral dorsal thyroid tissue remained (Group II, 89 patients) were compared in operation time, blood loss, recurrence, and postoperative complications. Results: Among 168 patients analyzed, the operation time remained similar, but the blood loss, the reoperation time, and recurrence in Group I were much less than Group II. In addition, no postoperative hemorrhage occurred in Group I. Two patients (2.28%) in Group II underwent recurrent laryngeal nerve damages. Four patients (5.06%) in Group I and 3 patients (3.37%) in Group II experienced transient hypocalcemia. Recurrence only occurred in Group II. Conclusion: In terms of blood loss, reoperation time, postoperative complication, and the recurrence, subtotal thyroidectomy with recurrent laryngeal nerves identification and the unilateral superior pole remnant of the gland provides a better outcome than subtotal thyroidectomy with bilateral dorsal thyroid tissue remnant. PMID:28178132

  2. Prospective study of the changes in thyrotropin binding inhibitory immunoglobulins in Graves' disease treated by subtotal thyroidectomy or radioactive iodine

    SciTech Connect

    Teng, C.S.; Yeung, R.T.T.; Khoo, R.K.K.; Alagaratnam, T.T.

    1980-06-01

    The effects of subtotal thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine on thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins, as measured by a receptor assay, more appropriately termed TSH binding inhibitory immunoglobulins (TBII), were studied in 74 patients with Graves' disease. Fourty-four patients received radioactive iodine therapy, while 30 were subjected to subtotal thyroidectomy. After radioactive iodine, more patients were TBII-positive (90.5% vs 81.8%) than before treatment, and the mean TBII index decreased dramatically, the maximum decrease being 3 months. The mean TBI index subsequently returned gradually to the pretreatment level. Subtotal thyroidectomy had a different effect on TBII activity. TBII indices were positive in 89.3% of these patients before any treatment but were positive in only 40% (12 patients) after antithyroid drugs had been given before surgery. After surgery, TBII indices remained positive in 7 patients, while the remaining 5 patients became TBII negative. Seventeen patients (56.7%) were TBII negative before operation and remained so after surgery. One patient who was TBII negative before operation became TBII positive 2 months after operation. Interestingly, postoperative relapse of hyperthyroidism occurred in 3 patients who were TIBII positive, while hypothyroidism occurred in patients who were TBII negative. Thus, the TBII activity after subtotal thyroidectomy might be an important factor in determining the outcome of surgery.

  3. [Value of coral implant in the treatment of functional failure after subtotal laryngectomy with crico-hyoid fixation].

    PubMed

    Chevalier, D; Lanciaux, V; Darras, J A; Piquet, J J

    1994-01-01

    Subtotal laryngectomy with CHP have prolongated post operative care because aspiration. In 16% of cases a new surgical procedure is necessary. The authors have used a implant of madreporic coral placed in the base of the tongue just behind the hyoid bone to achieve a total closure of the larynx during swallowing. This operation has stopped aspiration in 2 cases very quickly.

  4. Use of preoperative embolization prior to Transplant nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Yeast, Carrie; Riley, Julie M.; Holyoak, Joshua; Ross, Gilbert; Weinstein, Stephen; Wakefield, Mark

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction After a failed transplant, management of a non-functional graft with pain or recurrent infections can be challenging. Transplant nephrectomy (TN) can be a morbid procedure with the potential for significant blood loss. Embolization of the renal artery alone has been proposed as a method of reducing complications from an in vivo failed kidney transplant. While this does yield less morbidity, it may not address an infected graft or refractory hematuria or rejection. We elected to begin preoperative embolization to assess if this would help decrease the blood loss and transfusion rate associated with TN. Materials and Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent non-emergent TN at our institution. Patients who had functioning grafts that later failed were included in analysis. TN was performed for recurrent infections, pain or hematuria. We evaluated for blood loss (EBL) during TN, transfusion rate and length of hospital stay. Results A total of 16 patients were identified. Nine had preoperative embolization or no blood flow to the graft prior to TN. The remaining 7 did not have preoperative embolization. The shortest time from transplant to TN was 8 months and the longest 18 years with an average of 6.3 years. Average EBL for the embolized patients (ETN) was 143.9cc compared to 621.4cc in the non-embolized (NETN) group (p=0.041). Average number of units of blood transfused was 0.44 in the ETN with only 3/9 patients requiring transfusion. The NETN patients had average of 1.29 units transfused with 5/7 requiring transfusion. The length of stay was longer for the ETN (5.4 days) compared to 3.9 in the NETN. No intraoperative complications were seen in either group and only one patient had a postoperative ileus in the NETN. Conclusion Embolization prior to TN significantly decreases the EBL but does not significantly decrease transfusion rate. However, patients do require a significantly longer hospitalization with

  5. The best option: Umbilical LESS radical nephrectomy with vaginal extraction.

    PubMed

    Andrés, G; García-Mediero, J M; García-Tello, A; Arance, I; Cabrera, P M; Angulo, J C

    2015-04-01

    Umbilical laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery represents an excellent alternative to laparoscopic or robotic multiport surgery. LESS surgery offers faster recovery, less postoperative pain and optimal cosmetic results. The reusable nature of its instruments also has significant economic advantages. We present a 34-year-old patient with a solid mesorenal lesion measuring 8 cm in the left kidney treated with pure LESS radical nephrectomy assisted by vaginal extraction of the specimen. The umbilical approach using a single-site multichannel KeyPort (Richard Wolf GmbH, Knittlingen, Germany) with DuoRotate curved instruments allows for minimum crushing and fewer spatial conflicts. Its perfect umbilical adaptation provides a hermetic system. The instrument's double rotation provides considerable movement precision. Vaginal extraction avoids damage to the abdominal wall and the need for widening the umbilical incision. After the placement of the device and triangulation of the clips, we proceeded to operate on posterior parietal peritoneum. The descending colon was mobilized to access the retroperitoneum and dissect the renal hilum. Hem-o-lok clips were placed on the artery and vein, which were subsequently sectioned. The specimen was inserted into a laparoscopic bag. Under direct vision, we placed a 15-mm trocar through the bottom of the vaginal posterior fornix to facilitate the extraction of the bag's thread. The incision was widened with the fingers, and the specimen was extracted, closing the vagina from the perineum with visualization from the navel. Abdominal drainage was not employed. The surgical time was 180 min. The patient was discharged the following day without needing analgesia. A year later, the patient was disease-free and had no complications. Umbilical LESS radical nephrectomy with vaginal extraction is feasible in selected cases. The procedure is oncologically safe, avoids scars and facilitates early recovery. From a practical point of view

  6. Subtotal parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism. Long-term results in 292 patients

    SciTech Connect

    Paloyan, E.; Lawrence, A.M.; Oslapas, R.; Shah, K.H.; Ernst, K.; Hofmann, C.

    1983-04-01

    Subtotal parathyroidectomy was performed in a consecutive series of 292 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. We evaluated the long-term postoperative results during a period of 16 years. Patients ranged in age from 14 to 83 years and included 176 women and 116 men. Of these, 16% had a history of exposure to radiation in childhood or adolescence, while thyroid disease requiring some form of thyroidectomy coexisted in 91 (31%) of the patients. Histologic information on three or more parathyroid glands was obtained in 73% of the cases. We considered 285 patients (97.6%) cured after their first operation. The remaining seven patients (2.4%) had persistent hyperparathyroidism. However, five were cured after a sternum-splitting mediastinal exploration and one after a second neck exploration. The seventh remains hypercalcemic despite a subsequent mediastinal exploration. Temporary postoperative hypoparathyroidism occurred in 10% of our cases and permanent hypoparathyroidism in 1%. There have been no instances of recurrent hyperparathyroidism.

  7. Total versus subtotal gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma of the gastric antrum. A French prospective controlled study.

    PubMed Central

    Gouzi, J L; Huguier, M; Fagniez, P L; Launois, B; Flamant, Y; Lacaine, F; Paquet, J C; Hay, J M

    1989-01-01

    In a multicentric trial the postoperative mortality and the 5-year survival of elective total gastrectomy (TG) was compared with subtotal gastrectomy (SG) for adenocarcinoma of the antrum operated on with intent of cure. Two hundred and one patients were included in the study; 32 were excluded after pathologic examination (linitis plastica, superficial cancer, lymphoma). One hundred sixty-nine patients remained for analysis, with 93 undergoing TG and 76 undergoing SG. Elective TG did not increase postoperative mortality (1.3%) compared with SG (3.2%). There was no difference in the 5-year survival rate (48%). Analysis of survival showed no difference in the two techniques when related to nodal involvement and serosal extension. It is concluded that both TG and SG can be performed safely in patients with adenocarcinoma of the antrum; however TG did not increase the survival rate. PMID:2644898

  8. [Bilateral hand salvage of subtotal left hand amputation and complex right wrist destruction].

    PubMed

    Hernekamp, J-F; Bigdeli, A K; Engel, H; Kneser, U; Kremer, T; Pelzer, M

    2016-06-01

    Complex injuries of the hand and wrist lead to severe loss of function. Complex trauma of the upper extremities may lead to severe disabilities and therefore meticulous reconstruction is of utmost importance to enable good functional outcome and to assure an adequate quality of life. We demonstrate the case of a patient who suffered from complex bilateral injuries at the wrist level including a subtotal amputation of the left hand and third degree open wrist destruction on the contralateral side. Due to the immediate bilateral operation including the unilateral use of an osteocutaneous free fibula flap, both hands could be salvaged in this case. Severe hand and wrist injuries also require intensive postoperative treatment including intensive physiotherapy, occupational therapy, pain therapy and psychological support to achieve a good functional result.

  9. Horner's syndrome following a subtotal thyroidectomy for a benign nodular goitre.

    PubMed

    Aslankurt, Murat; Aslan, Lokman; Colak, Mustafa; Aksoy, Adnan

    2013-06-13

    We present a case of Horner's syndrome occurring as a complication of thyroidectomy. A 42-year-old female patient presented with eyelid drop which developed immediately after thyroidectomy for goitre. Ophthalmic examination revealed eyelid ptosis, miosis and anhidrosis. Preoperative ultrasonography showed multiple isohyperechogenic solid nodules in each lobe, consistent with multinodular goitre. Therefore, the patient underwent subtotal thyroidectomy. The ophthalmic findings did not improve at the end of 6 months follow-up. Similar cases have been reported related to neck tumours or their surgery, mediastinum-located goitre and retropharyngeal abscess surgeries, but not after benign nodular goitre surgery. Several possible mechanisms have been proposed to explain this phenomenon; anatomical variations making the patient susceptible to damage to the sympathetic chain seem to be most likely in our patient.

  10. Horner's syndrome following a subtotal thyroidectomy for a benign nodular goitre

    PubMed Central

    Aslankurt, Murat; Aslan, Lokman; Çolak, Mustafa; Aksoy, Adnan

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of Horner's syndrome occurring as a complication of thyroidectomy. A 42-year-old female patient presented with eyelid drop which developed immediately after thyroidectomy for goitre. Ophthalmic examination revealed eyelid ptosis, miosis and anhidrosis. Preoperative ultrasonography showed multiple isohyperechogenic solid nodules in each lobe, consistent with multinodular goitre. Therefore, the patient underwent subtotal thyroidectomy. The ophthalmic findings did not improve at the end of 6 months follow-up. Similar cases have been reported related to neck tumours or their surgery, mediastinum-located goitre and retropharyngeal abscess surgeries, but not after benign nodular goitre surgery. Several possible mechanisms have been proposed to explain this phenomenon; anatomical variations making the patient susceptible to damage to the sympathetic chain seem to be most likely in our patient. PMID:23771972

  11. Iatrogenic Subtotal Stenosis of the Right Subclavian Artery Treated With Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty

    SciTech Connect

    Smeenk, Robert M.; Kock, Mark C. J. M.; Elgersma, Otto E. H.; Schnater, Marco J.

    2011-02-15

    This report describes a rare vascular complication of surgical placement of a marking clip and a possible approach to problem solving. A 55-year-old patient presented with loss of sensation in the fingers and loss of peripheral pulsations in the right arm 4 days after right upper lobectomy for a pT2N1 moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the lung. Duplex examination and computed tomography were performed the same day and showed a subtotal stenosis of the right subclavian artery, which was caused by the surgical placement of a metal clip to mark the surgical boundary. Selective angiography was subsequently performed. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) successfully dilated the stenosis and pushed the clip off. Flow in the right subclavian artery (RSA) was completely restored as were neurology and peripheral pulses. In conclusion, arterial stenosis by a surgical (marking) clip may be feasibly treated with PTA.

  12. Surgical Treatment of a Case of Ledderhose's Disease: A Safe Plantar Approach to Subtotal Fasciectomy.

    PubMed

    Souza, Bruno Gonçalves Schröder E; de Souza Júnior, Gilberto Zaquine; Rodrigues, Raíssa Mansilla Cabrera; Dias, Diogo Stelito Rezende; de Oliveira, Valdeci Manoel

    2015-01-01

    Plantar fibromatosis, Ledderhose's disease, or Morbus Ledderhose is an uncommon benign nodular hyperplasia of the plantar aponeurosis. The aim of this paper was to report the case of a 47-year-old male patient who had concomitant Dupuytren's disease and failed all conservative measures. He was treated surgically with prompt and complete relief of symptoms postoperatively, and he has had no recurrence at the 2-year follow-up. In this richly documented case, we discuss details of the surgical technique and anatomy, which was important for a successful outcome and preventing complications. The technique for subtotal fasciectomy is reviewed and the relevance of the adequate choice of skin incision to prevent painful scarring, skin necrosis, and difficulties with shoe wearing is highlighted.

  13. Surgical Treatment of a Case of Ledderhose's Disease: A Safe Plantar Approach to Subtotal Fasciectomy

    PubMed Central

    Souza, Bruno Gonçalves Schröder e; de Souza Júnior, Gilberto Zaquine; Rodrigues, Raíssa Mansilla Cabrera; Dias, Diogo Stelito Rezende; de Oliveira, Valdeci Manoel

    2015-01-01

    Plantar fibromatosis, Ledderhose's disease, or Morbus Ledderhose is an uncommon benign nodular hyperplasia of the plantar aponeurosis. The aim of this paper was to report the case of a 47-year-old male patient who had concomitant Dupuytren's disease and failed all conservative measures. He was treated surgically with prompt and complete relief of symptoms postoperatively, and he has had no recurrence at the 2-year follow-up. In this richly documented case, we discuss details of the surgical technique and anatomy, which was important for a successful outcome and preventing complications. The technique for subtotal fasciectomy is reviewed and the relevance of the adequate choice of skin incision to prevent painful scarring, skin necrosis, and difficulties with shoe wearing is highlighted. PMID:26783478

  14. Neck evaluation with barium-enhanced radiographs and CT scans after supraglottic subtotal laryngectomy.

    PubMed

    Niemeyer, J H; Balfe, D M; Hayden, R E

    1987-02-01

    Supraglottic subtotal laryngectomy (SSL) is a radical, yet voice-conserving, surgical procedure commonly performed for carcinoma of the supraglottic larynx. The pharyngograms and computed tomographic (CT) scans of 35 patients obtained after SSL were evaluated retrospectively. These examinations reliably demonstrated the changes in anatomy caused by removal of the epiglottis, aryepiglottic folds, and false vocal cords. Fourteen patients had documented recurrence of cancer; five mucosal, nine extramucosal. Three of five macroscopic mucosal recurrences in the larynx/pharynx were detected on the barium pharyngograms; the two mucosal lesions not seen were in the base of the tongue and tonsillar fossa. CT enabled detection of five of five recurrences and was superior to pharyngography in demonstrating the soft-tissue extent of disease. CT findings mimicking recurrence were seen in two patients: one with diffuse histiocytic lymphoma; the second, with benign hyperkeratosis. Barium and CT examinations are useful adjuncts to the clinical examination in detecting recurrent squamous cell carcinoma in patients following SSL.

  15. [Subtotal laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy. Carcinologic results and early functional follow-up. Apropos of 49 cases].

    PubMed

    Maurice, N; Crampette, L; Mondain, M; Guerrier, B

    1994-01-01

    Forty-three patients underwent a subtotal laryngectomy with cricohyoidopexy and neck dissection. The 5 years overall survival rate was 67%, the actuarial survival rate was 75%. The 5-year actuarial local control and nodal control rate were namely 89% and 90%. Pronostic factors for survival were tumor size (5-year actuarial survival rate for T2a, T2b and T3 were namely 89%, 72%, 48%) and node involvement (5 years actuarial survival rate was 85% if N-, and 46% if N+). The median duration was 22 days for decanulation, 30 days for removing the feeding tube. The median hospital discharge day was 38. Total laryngectomy was performed in one case (2.3%) for persistent aspiration. Post operative mortality was 0%. The most common complication was aspiration pneumoniae (11.6% of the cases).

  16. Intrapericardial cystic hematoma in a dog treated by thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chi-Ya; Fransson, Boel A; Nylund, Adam M

    2017-04-15

    CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-year-old castrated male mixed-breed dog was evaluated because of a 1-week history of respiratory distress and abdominal distension. Thoracic radiography and echocardiography at that time revealed an enlarged cardiac silhouette and pericardial effusion; abdominal radiography and ultrasonography revealed ascites. CLINICAL FINDINGS At the initial referral examination 5 weeks later, the dog weighed 37.5 kg (82.5 lb) and appeared clinically normal. The only abnormality detected was a grade I/VI systolic murmur on the left side of the thorax. Echocardiography revealed a large fat- and fluid-filled cystic structure located next to the right ventricle with scant pericardial effusion. Computed tomography revealed a bilobed peripherally contrast-enhancing structure within the right ventral aspect of the pericardium; the right ventricle appeared compressed by the cyst. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Initial treatment consisted of pericardiocentesis and abdominocentesis to alleviate clinical signs. Thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy was performed 6 weeks after the initial treatment. The cyst was completely excised, and multiple adhesions between the visceral and parietal pericardium were transected, without surgical or anesthetic complications. Histologic examination of the cyst revealed chronic inflammation with histiocytic infiltration, suggesting possible foreign body reaction or chronic inflammation and hemorrhage. These findings supported a diagnosis of cystic hematoma of the pericardium. The dog remained clinically normal for at least 16 months after surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE This report represents a rare case of intrapericardial cystic hematoma in a dog. Minimally invasive surgery was performed without complications, suggesting that thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy is a feasible treatment option for affected dogs.

  17. Optimizing Outcomes following Total and Subtotal Tongue Reconstruction: A Systematic Review of the Contemporary Literature.

    PubMed

    Manrique, Oscar J; Leland, Hyuma A; Langevin, Claude-Jean; Wong, Alex; Carey, Joseph N; Ciudad, Pedro; Chen, Hung-Chi; Patel, Ketan M

    2017-02-01

    Background More than 45,000 Americans are diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer annually and multimodal treatment often requires wide excision, lymphadenectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation. Total and subtotal lingual resection severely impairs speech, swallow, and quality of life (QoL). This study investigates functional outcomes and QoL following subtotal and total tongue resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction. Materials and Methods A systematic review of the English language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane databases based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria. Included studies were reviewed for surgical technique, adjuvant treatment, surgical and functional outcomes, and QoL. Results From an initial search yield of 1,467 articles, 22 studies were included for final analysis. Speech intelligibility was correlated with the volume and degree of protuberance of the neotongue. Adjuvant therapy (radiation) and large tumor size were associated with worse speech and swallow recovery. At 1 year follow-up, despite 14 to 20% rates of silent aspiration, 82 to 97% of patients resumed oral feeding. Neurotized flaps have been demonstrated to improve flap sensation but have not yet demonstrated any significant impact on speech or swallow recovery. Finally, many patients continue to experience pain after surgery, but patient motivation, family support with physician, and speech therapist follow-up are associated with improved QoL scores. Conclusion Tongue reconstruction is dictated by the amount of soft tissue resection. Taking into consideration the most common factors involved after tongue resection and reconstruction, further studies should focus on more objective measurements to offer solutions and maximize final outcomes.

  18. Iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis--a case for subtotal thyroidectomy in severely ill patients.

    PubMed

    Köbberling, J; Hintze, G; Becker, H D

    1985-01-02

    Iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis (IIT), due to iodine application in high amounts in patients with circumscript or disseminated thyroid autonomy, is complicated by a prolonged course, mainly due on the body's resistance to conservative therapy with thiourea derivates. Therefore, we decided to perform subtotal thyroidectomy in 16 thyrotoxic patients. This is in contrast to the common opinion that surgery should only be performed after normalization of thyroid hormones. In all 16 patients with severe IIT, including three patients with thyroid storm, hormone levels decreased within a few days after surgery to normal or subnormal values and the clinical picture of thyrotoxicosis disappeared. In the case of thyroid storm the signs of disorientation normalized within 1-3 days. One patient died 5 weeks after surgery due to severe concomitant diseases. One patient exhibited transitory respiration distress and another had postoperative hypocalcaemia. In nine patients L-thyroxine replacement became necessary because of subclinical or clinical hypothyroidism. Only by this procedure will the high intrathyroidal storage of iodine and performed hormone be extracted. Surgery as a treatment for thyrotoxicosis should be reserved for patients with severe IIT, where conservative treatment has been shown to be ineffective. Furthermore, in rare selected cases, when a rapid normalization is required, surgery without preoperative treatment seems to be justified. The effect of surgery was impressive in all our cases and there were only minor perioperative complications. Thus, it could be shown that subtotal thyroidectomy may be a rational and effective treatment in severe IIT which should be carefully considered and weighed against other types of therapy.

  19. A novel total cervical prosthesis for single-level cervical subtotal corpectomy: radiologic and histomorphometric analysis in a caprine model.

    PubMed

    Tan, Quan-chang; Feng, Ya-fei; Zhang, Yang; Wu, Zi-xiang; Ma, Zhen-sheng; Sang, Hong-xun; Yan, Ya-Bo; Lei, Wei; Zhao, Xiong

    2015-04-01

    A novel total cervical prosthesis (TCP) for single-level cervical subtotal corpectomy was assessed in a caprine animal model. To investigate the radiologic and histomorphometric characteristics of a novel TCP for single-level cervical subtotal corpectomy. Cervical disk replacement has emerged as a promising alternative to arthrodesis in the management of cervical disk herniation. However, they are designed for anterior cervical discectomy, and not suitable for cervical subtotal corpectomy. To solve this problem, our group has developed a novel TCP for single-level cervical subtotal corpectomy. There were 12 adult Shannxi goats (2 y old) used in this study. The goats were divided into 2 groups based on postoperative survival periods of 3 (n=6) and 6 (n=6) months after surgery. Using an anterior surgical approach, a standard anterior C3 vertebra subtotal corpectomy and decompression of the spinal canal were performed, followed by implantation of the TCP device. Then all the goats were killed and underwent radiographic and histologic observations. The TCP implant procedures were successfully completed in all 12 goats without incidence of vascular or infectious complications. The range of motion of C2-C3 and C3-C4 segments were preserved in both of the groups. Three-dimensional images of specimens interface indicated confluent interdigitization of trabeculae at the prosthetic endplate-bone interface, without evidence of significant radiolucent lines or gaps. Histomorphometric analysis showed that there were a large number of fibrous tissue and a small amount of cartilage cells between the prostheses and bone in the 3 months' group. In the 6 months' group, part of fibrous tissue has changed into the cartilage tissue. Our data show that this prosthesis can maintain the stability of the cervical spine and retain the activity of the cervical spine in vivo. The findings in this study provide a foundation for ongoing clinical investigations using the TCP.

  20. National practice patterns and outcomes of pediatric nephrectomy: comparison between urology and general surgery.

    PubMed

    Suson, Kristina D; Wolfe-Christensen, Cortney; Elder, Jack S; Lakshmanan, Yegappan

    2015-05-01

    In adults nephrectomy is under the purview of urologists, but pediatric urologists and pediatric general surgeons perform extirpative renal surgery in children. We compared the contemporary performance and outcome of all-cause nephrectomy at pediatric hospitals as performed by pediatric urologists and pediatric general surgeons. We queried the Pediatric Health Information System to identify patients 0 to 18 years old who were treated with nephrectomy between 2004 and 2013 by pediatric urologists and pediatric general surgeons. Data points included age, gender, severity level, mortality risk, complications and length of stay. Patients were compared by APR DRG codes 442 (kidney and urinary tract procedures for malignancy) and 443 (kidney and urinary tract procedures for nonmalignancy). Pediatric urologists performed more all-cause nephrectomies. While pediatric urologists were more likely to operate on patients with benign renal disease, pediatric general surgeons were more likely to operate on children with malignancy. Patients on whom pediatric general surgeons operated had a higher average severity level and were at greater risk for mortality. After controlling for differences patients without malignancy operated on by pediatric urologists had a shorter length of stay, and fewer medical and surgical complications. There was no difference in length of stay, or medical or surgical complications in patients with malignancy. Overall compared to pediatric general surgeons more nephrectomies are performed by pediatric urologists. Short-term outcomes, including length of stay and complication rates, appear better in this data set in patients without malignancy who undergo nephrectomy by pediatric urologists but there is no difference in outcomes when nephrectomy is performed for malignancy. Copyright © 2015 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. LESS living donor nephrectomy: Surgical technique and results

    PubMed Central

    Alessimi, Abdullah; Adam, Emilie; Haber, Georges-Pascal; Badet, Lionel; Codas, Ricardo; Fehri, Hakim Fassi; Martin, Xavier; Crouzet, Sébastien

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: We present the findings of 50 patients undergoing pure trans-umbilical laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) living donor nephrectomy (LDN), between February 2010 and May 2014. Materials and Methods: Laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery LDN was performed through an umbilical incision. Different trocars were used, namely Gelpoint (Applied Mιdical, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA) SILS port (Covidien, Hamilton, Bermuda), R-port (Olympus Surgical, Orangeburg, NY) and standard trocars, inserted through the same skin incision but using separate fascial punctures. The standard laparoscopic technique was employed. The kidney was pre-entrapped in a retrieval bag and extracted trans-umbilically. Data were collected prospectively including questionnaires containing patient reported oral pain medication duration and time to recovery. Results: LESS LDN was successful in all patients. Mean warm ischemia time was 6.2 min (3–15), mean procedure time was 233.2 min (172–300), and hospitalization stay was 3.94 days (3–7) with a visual analogue pain score at discharge of 1.32 (0–3). No intraoperative complications occurred. The mean time of oral pain medication was 8.72 days (1–20) and final scar length was 4.06 cm (3–5). Each allograft was functional. Conclusion: Although challenging, trans-umbilical LESS LDN seems to be feasible and safe. Hence, LESS has the potential to improve cosmetic results and decrease morbidity. PMID:26229326

  2. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: effect of warm ischemia on serum creatinine.

    PubMed

    Bhayani, Sam B; Rha, Koon H; Pinto, Peter A; Ong, Albert M; Allaf, Mohamad E; Trock, Bruce J; Jarrett, Thomas W; Kavoussi, Louis R

    2004-10-01

    Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has been shown to be a safe and effective option for small renal tumors. However, limited data are available regarding the effect of warm ischemic time on postoperative renal function. We assessed the effect of variable durations of warm ischemia on long-term renal function in patients undergoing LPN. A total of 118 patients with a single, unilateral, sporadic renal tumor and normal contralateral kidney underwent LPN from August 1998 to November 2002. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on warm ischemic time, namely group 1-no renal occlusion in 42, group 2-warm ischemia less than 30 minutes in 48 and group 3-warm ischemia greater than 30 minutes in 28. All 3 groups were assessed for changes in serum creatinine 6 months after LPN. Additionally, renal remnants were examined with cross-sectional imaging. At a median followup of 28 months (range 6 to 56) median creatinine had not statistically increased postoperatively. None of the 118 patients progressed to renal insufficiency or required dialysis after LPN. Based on postoperative serum creatinine warm ischemia time up to 55 minutes does not significantly influence long-term renal function after LPN. Thus, during LPN efforts to minimize warm ischemia are important but they should not jeopardize cancer control, hemostasis or collecting system closure.

  3. Visual enhancement of laparoscopic nephrectomies using the 3-CCD camera

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crane, Nicole J.; Kansal, Neil S.; Dhanani, Nadeem; Alemozaffar, Mehrdad; Kirk, Allan D.; Pinto, Peter A.; Elster, Eric A.; Huffman, Scott W.; Levin, Ira W.

    2006-02-01

    Many surgical techniques are currently shifting from the more conventional, open approach towards minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures. Laparoscopy results in smaller incisions, potentially leading to less postoperative pain and more rapid recoveries . One key disadvantage of laparoscopic surgery is the loss of three-dimensional assessment of organs and tissue perfusion. Advances in laparoscopic technology include high-definition monitors for improved visualization and upgraded single charge coupled device (CCD) detectors to 3-CCD cameras, to provide a larger, more sensitive color palette to increase the perception of detail. In this discussion, we further advance existing laparoscopic technology to create greater enhancement of images obtained during radical and partial nephrectomies in which the assessment of tissue perfusion is crucial but limited with current 3-CCD cameras. By separating the signals received by each CCD in the 3-CCD camera and by introducing a straight forward algorithm, rapid differentiation of renal vessels and perfusion is accomplished and could be performed real time. The newly acquired images are overlaid onto conventional images for reference and comparison. This affords the surgeon the ability to accurately detect changes in tissue oxygenation despite inherent limitations of the visible light image. Such additional capability should impact procedures in which visual assessment of organ vitality is critical.

  4. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, complications and management: a single center experience

    PubMed Central

    Tuğcu, Volkan; Şahin, Selçuk; Yiğitbaşı, İsmail; Şener, Nevzat Can; Akbay, Fatih Gökhan; Taşçı, Ali İhsan

    2017-01-01

    Objective To present our experience with laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN), our complications and management modalities. Material and methods: Fifty-one transperitoneal LDNs performed in our clinic between the years 2011, and 2015, were evaluated retrospectively. Demographic characteristics of the patients, operative and postoperative data and complications were evaluated. Results Nineteen female and 32 male patients with ages ranging from 24 to 65 years underwent left- (n=44), and right-sided (n=7) LDNs. Six patients had two, and one patient three renal arteries. Mean operation time was 115±11 (min–max: 90–150) minutes, and mean warm ischemia time 111±9 (min–max: 90–140 sec) seconds. Mean hospital stay was found to be 2.5±0.5 days. No patient needed to switch to open surgery. In one patient, lumbar vein was ruptured, and hemostatic control was achieved laparoscopically. Postoperative paralytic ileus developed in two patients. Three patients had postoperative atelectasis, and a febrile (38.1°C) episode. Conclusion LDN is a minimally invasive method with advantages of short hospital stay, less analgesic requirement, and better cosmetic results. However it should be performed by surgeons with advanced laparoscopic experience. PMID:28270958

  5. Multivessel variant angina after a radical nephrectomy operation

    PubMed Central

    Ural, Ertan; Kilic, Teoman; Kahraman, Göksel; Dillioglugil, Ozdal; Ural, Dilek; Komsuoglux, Baki

    2008-01-01

    A case of multivessel variant angina after an open radical nephrectomy operation (RNO) is presented. A 52-year-old man was admitted to the coronary care unit with recurrent chest pain and dynamic ST-T wave changes on electrocardiogram early after an RNO. The first diagnosis of the clinical condition was non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome. However, recurrent angina with ST segment elevation occurred after the standard medical therapy, which included beta-blockers. Emergency coronary angiography showed diffuse and multiple narrowing of all the three major coronary arteries during the chest pain, which was relieved by intracoronary nitroglycerine injection. Variant angina was suspected, and beta-blocker therapy was replaced with calcium channel blocker treatment. No angina attacks were observed during the clinical follow-up. Although a direct relationship between the type of surgery and variant angina was not established, coronary vasospasm after an RNO should be kept in mind, especially in the differential diagnosis of a patient with recurrent angina and dynamic ST-T changes on electrocardiogram. Although beta-blocker therapy is a first-line treatment for all acute coronary syndromes, it can be harmful in patients with variant angina and should be stopped immediately after verification of diagnosis. PMID:18548153

  6. Practice patterns and outcomes of pediatric partial nephrectomy in the United States: Comparison between pediatric urology and general pediatric surgery.

    PubMed

    Suson, Kristina D; Wolfe-Christensen, Cortney; Elder, Jack S; Lakshmanan, Yegappan

    2015-08-01

    In the United States, both pediatric urologists (PUROs) and general pediatric surgeons (GPSs) perform nephrectomies in children, with PUROs performing more nephrectomies overall, most commonly for benign causes. GPSs perform more nephrectomies for malignant causes. We questioned whether the same trends persisted for partial nephrectomy. We hypothesized that PUROs performed more partial nephrectomies for all causes, including malignancy. Our primary aim was to characterize the number of partial nephrectomies performed by PUROs and GPSs. We also compared short-term outcomes between subspecialties. We analyzed the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS), a database encompassing data from 44 children's hospitals. Patients were ≤18 years old and had a partial nephrectomy (ICD-9 procedure code 554) carried out by PUROs or GPSs between 1 January, 2004 and June 30, 2013. Queried data points included surgeon subspecialty, age, gender, 3M™ All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (3M™ APR DRG) code, severity level, mortality risk, length of stay (LOS), and medical/surgical complication flags. Data points were compared in patients on whom PUROs and GPSs had operated. Statistical analysis included the Student t test, chi-square test, analysis of covariance, and logistic regression. Results are presented in the table. While PUROs performed the majority of partial nephrectomies, GPSs operated more commonly for malignancy. For surgeries performed for non-malignant indications, PURO patients had a shorter LOS and lower complication rate after controlling for statistically identified covariates. There was no difference in LOS or complication rate for patients with malignancy. A Pediatric Health Information System study of pediatric nephrectomy demonstrated PUROs performed more nephrectomies overall, but GPSs performed more surgeries for malignancy. The difference was less dramatic for partial nephrectomies (63% GPS, 37% PURO) than for radical nephrectomies (90% GPS, 10

  7. The Effect of the Diffusion of the Surgical Robot on the Hospital-level Utilization of Partial Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Sivarajan, Ganesh; Taksler, Glen B.; Walter, Dawn; Gross, Cary P.; Sosa, Raul E.; Makarov, Danil V.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The rapid diffusion of the surgical robot has been controversial because of the technology’s high costs and its disputed marginal benefit. Some, however, have suggested that adoption of the robot may have improved care for patients with renal malignancy by facilitating partial nephrectomy, an underutilized, technically challenging procedure believed to be less morbid than radical nephrectomy. We sought to determine whether institutional acquisition of the robot was associated with increased utilization of partial nephrectomy. Methods We used all payer data from 7 states to identify 21,569 nephrectomies. These patient-level records were aggregated to the hospital-level then merged with the American Hospital Association Annual Survey and publicly available data on timing of robot acquisition. We used a multivariable difference-in-difference model to assess at the hospital-level whether robot acquisition was associated with an increase in the proportion of partial nephrectomy, adjusting for hospital nephrectomy volume, year of surgery, and several additional hospital-level factors. Results In the multivariable-adjusted differences-in-differences model, hospitals acquiring a robot between 2001 and 2004 performed a greater proportion of partial nephrectomy in both 2005 (29.9% increase) and 2008 (34.9% increase). Hospitals acquiring a robot between 2005 and 2008 also demonstrated a greater proportion of partial nephrectomy in 2008 (15.5% increase). In addition, hospital nephrectomy volume and urban location were also significantly associated with increased proportion of partial nephrectomy. Conclusions Hospital acquisition of the surgical robot is associated with greater proportion of partial nephrectomy, an underutilized, guideline-encouraged procedure. This is one of the few studies to suggest robot acquisition is associated with improvement in quality of patient care. PMID:25494234

  8. Ketorolac: safe and effective analgesia for the management of renal cortical tumors with partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Diblasio, Christopher J; Snyder, Mark E; Kattan, Michael W; Russo, Paul

    2004-03-01

    Ketorolac has demonstrated advantages as a supplement to opioid based analgesia in several surgical settings, including donor nephrectomy. To our knowledge there has been no published data to date on the use of ketorolac in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy. We compared analgesia with ketorolac and opioids to analgesia with opioids alone with regard to pain control, postoperative recovery and effects on renal function in patients with renal cortical tumors surgically managed by partial nephrectomy. Records for 154 patients treated with partial nephrectomy for renal cortical tumors were retrospectively analyzed. Clinicopathological variables examined were age, gender, medication use, comorbidity profile, operation side, estimated blood loss, hospital stay, operative duration, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, histopathology results, perioperative transfusion status, ischemia type (warm vs cold vs none), duration of renal artery cross clamping, tumor size and intraparenchymal location, pathological stage and perioperative complications. Postoperative duration to the initiation of solid diet, discontinuation of patient controlled analgesia and overall pain control were assessed. Serum creatinine was measured during the preoperative period, and at 1, 3 or greater and 30 or greater days postoperatively. Patients who received ketorolac demonstrated superior postoperative recovery with an earlier return to solid diet and earlier discontinuation of patient controlled analgesia. Treatment groups were similar with respect to changes in serum creatinine, blood loss, transfusion rates and complication rates. Ketorolac was not associated with an increased risk of acute renal failure. Ketorolac is a safe and effective supplement to opioid based analgesia for pain control after partial nephrectomy.

  9. Evaluation of renal mass biopsy risk stratification algorithm for robotic partial nephrectomy--could a biopsy have guided management?

    PubMed

    Rahbar, Haider; Bhayani, Sam; Stifelman, Michael; Kaouk, Jihad; Allaf, Mohamad; Marshall, Susan; Zargar, Homayoun; Ball, Mark W; Larson, Jeffrey; Rogers, Craig

    2014-11-01

    We evaluated a published biopsy directed small renal mass management algorithm using a large cohort of patients who underwent robotic partial nephrectomy for tumors 4 cm or smaller. A simplified algorithm of biopsy directed small renal mass management previously reported using risk stratified biopsies was applied to 1,175 robotic partial nephrectomy cases from 5 academic centers. A theoretical assumption was made of perfect biopsies that were feasible for all patients and had 100% concordance to final pathology. Pathology risk groups were benign, favorable, unfavorable and intermediate. The algorithm assigned favorable or intermediate tumors smaller than 2 cm to active surveillance and unfavorable or intermediate 2 to 4 cm tumors to treatment. Higher surgical risk patients were defined as ASA® 3 or greater and age 70 years or older. Patients were assigned to the pathology risk groups of benign (23%), favorable (13%), intermediate (51%) and unfavorable (12%). Patients were also assigned to the management groups of benign pathology (275, 23%), active surveillance (336, 29%) and treatment (564, 48%). Most of the 611 (52%) patients in the benign or active surveillance groups were low surgical risk and had safe treatment (2.6% high grade complications). A biopsy may not have been feasible or accurate in some tumors that were anterior (378, 32%), hilar (93, 7.9%) or less than 2 cm (379, 32%). Of 129 (11%) high surgical risk patients the biopsy algorithm assigned 70 (54%) to benign or active surveillance groups. The theoretical application of a biopsy driven, risk stratified small renal mass management algorithm to a large robotic partial nephrectomy database suggests that about half of the patients might have avoided surgery. Despite the obvious limitations of a theoretical assumption of all patients receiving a perfect biopsy, the data support the emerging role of renal mass biopsies to guide management, particularly in high surgical risk patients. Copyright

  10. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy in obese patients.

    PubMed

    Naeem, Naveed; Petros, Firas; Sukumar, Shyam; Patel, Manish; Bhandari, Akshay; Kaul, Sanjeev; Menon, Mani; Rogers, Craig

    2011-01-01

    To report our experience with robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in obese patients compared with a contemporary cohort of nonobese patients. We defined obesity as a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m(2). From June 2004 to September 2009, 97 patients underwent RAPN at our institution, of whom 49 were obese (group 1) and 48 were nonobese (group 2, BMI <30 kg/m(2)). We compared demographics, operative data, complications, and pathological outcomes between these two groups. The average BMI for the obese group was 36.2 kg/m(2) (range 30.3-49) compared with 25.7 kg/m(2) (range 20.5-29.7) for the nonobese group. Median tumor size was 2.5 versus 2.3 cm for obese and nonobese groups, respectively. Obese patients had a larger median estimated blood loss (150 vs.100 mL, p=0.027) and a trend toward a longer median operative time (265 vs. 242.5 minutes, p=0.085) and median warm ischemia time (26.5 vs. 22.5 minutes, p=0.074), but this did not achieve statistical significance. An intraoperative complication occurred in one patient in each group. The postoperative complication rate was not statistically significant between the two groups (8.3% vs. 4.3%, p=0.377). The median hospital stay was 2 days for both groups. RAPN is safe and feasible in obese patients. Obese patients had a higher estimated blood loss and a trend toward greater operative time and warm ischemia time, which did not achieve statistical significance.

  11. Excised Parenchymal Mass During Partial Nephrectomy: Functional Implications.

    PubMed

    Dong, Wen; Zhang, Zhiling; Zhao, Juping; Wu, Jitao; Suk-Ouichai, Chalairat; Aguilar Palacios, Diego; Caraballo Antonio, Elvis; Babbar, Sanam; Remer, Erick M; Li, Jianbo; Isharwal, Sudhir; Zabell, Joseph; Campbell, Steven C

    2017-05-01

    To evaluate whether excised parenchymal mass (EPM) during partial nephrectomy (PN) correlates with functional decline and can serve as a surrogate for functional outcomes. All 215 patients managed with PN for unifocal renal mass with necessary studies to determine EPM and percent glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and parenchymal mass preserved (both global and specific to the operated kidney) were analyzed. EPM was estimated from the pathologic specimen by subtracting the tumor mass from the specimen mass, with both calculated using the elliptical formula. Vascularized parenchymal mass preserved was measured from computed tomography scans obtained <2 months prior and 3-12 months after surgery. All functional analyses were required to be within the same time frames, and patients with a contralateral kidney were also required to have nuclear renal scans. The median tumor size was 3.5 cm and the median R.E.N.A.L. was 7. Warm and cold ischemia were utilized in 123 and 92 patients, respectively (median ischemia time = 23 minutes). The median global GFR preserved was 89%, the median total parenchymal mass preserved was 93%, and the median estimated EPM was 16 cm(3). Whereas percent parenchymal mass preserved correlated strongly with global and ipsilateral GFR preserved (both P < .001), EPM failed to correlate with functional outcomes on both univariable and multivariable analyses. Our data suggest that parenchymal mass preserved with standard PN by experienced surgeons associates strongly with function preserved, whereas EPM fails to correlate with functional outcomes. Further study of the functional impact of EPM in other circumstances will be required, such as enucleation or PN performed by less-experienced surgeons. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Functional Recovery From Extended Warm Ischemia Associated With Partial Nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zhiling; Zhao, Juping; Velet, Lily; Ercole, Cesar E; Remer, Erick M; Mir, Carme M; Li, Jianbo; Takagi, Toshio; Demirjian, Sevag; Campbell, Steven C

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the impact of extended warm ischemia on incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and ultimate functional recovery after partial nephrectomy (PN), incorporating rigorous control for loss of parenchymal mass, and embedded within comparison to cohorts of patients managed with hypothermia or limited warm ischemia. From 2007 to 2014, 277 patients managed with PN had appropriate studies to evaluate changes in function/mass specifically within the operated kidney. Recovery from ischemia was defined as %function saved/%parenchymal mass saved. AKI was based on global renal function and defined as a ≥1.5-fold increase in serum creatinine above the preoperative level. Hypothermia was utilized in 112 patients (median = 27 minutes) and warm ischemia in 165 (median = 21 minutes). AKI strongly correlated with solitary kidney (P < .001) and duration (P < .001) but not type (P = .49) of ischemia. Median recovery from ischemia in the operated kidney was 100% (interquartile range [IQR] = 88%-109%) for cold ischemia, with 6 (5%) noted to have <80% recovery from ischemia. For the warm ischemia group, median recovery from ischemia was 91% (IQR = 82%-101%, P < .001 compared with hypothermia), and 34 (21%) had recovery from ischemia <80% (P < .001). For warm ischemia subgrouped by duration <25 minutes (n = 114), 25-35 minutes (n = 35), and >35 minutes (n = 16), median recovery from ischemia was 92% (IQR = 86%-100%), 90% (IQR = 78%-104%), and 91% (IQR = 80%-96%), respectively (P = .77). Our results suggest that AKI after PN correlates with duration but not with type of ischemia. However, subsequent recovery, which ultimately defines the new baseline glomerular filtration rate, is most reliable with hypothermia. However, most patients undergoing PN with warm ischemia still recover relatively strongly from ischemia, even if extended to 35-45 minutes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Predictive factors of hemorrhagic complications after partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Fardoun, T; Chaste, D; Oger, E; Mathieu, R; Peyronnet, B; Rioux-Leclercq, N; Verhoest, G; Patard, J J; Bensalah, K

    2014-01-01

    To identify the predictive factors of hemorrhagic complications (HC) in a contemporary cohort of patients who underwent partial nephrectomy (PN). Records of 199 consecutive patients who underwent PN between 2008 and 2012 at our institution were retrospectively analyzed. HC was defined as a hematoma requiring transfusion, an arterio-veinous fistula, a false aneurysm or a post-operative decrease of hemoglobin >3 g/dl. Patients with or without HC were compared using Wilcoxon and Fisher exact tests for continuous and categorical variables, respectively. We performed a univariate and multivariate analysis with a logistic regression model using the occurrence of an HC as the dependent variable. 54% of the patients were male with a median age of 61 (22-86) years. Median BMI was 26 (18-47) kg/m(2). Surgery was done open, laparoscopically or with robotic assistance in 106, 54 and 39 cases, respectively. Global complication rate was 40% including 21.6% HC. There were more complex tumors (75.6% vs. 66.5%, p = 0.04) and median length of stay was increased (11 days compared to 7 days, p < 0.0001) in case of a HC. In univariate analysis, imperative indication (p = 0.08), RENAL score (p = 0.07), operating time (p = 0.07) and operative blood loss > 250 ml (p = 0.002) were statistically relevant. In multivariate analysis, only operative blood loss >250 ml was identified as a predictive factor of HC (p = 0.0007). Patients who underwent a procedure with estimated blood loss >250 ml should be carefully monitored in the postoperative course. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Benefit of on nephrectomy for treating metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    González-Ruiz de León, C; Pellejero-Pérez, P; Quintás-Blanco, A; García-Rodríguez, J; Álvarez-Fernández, C; Fernández-Gómez, J M

    2017-06-01

    Systemic treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has changed with the new therapies, and it is not clear if nephrectomy (NEP) has a survival benefit in this kind of patients. To investigate if NEP associated to systemic treatment improves overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). A retrospective, observational, descriptive study of 45 patients with diagnosis of mRCC between 2006-2014. Advanced cases with only palliative care were excluded, also patients with solitary metastasis who were managed with surgical resection. Finally 34 patients were treated with systemic treatment. Twenty-six also with surgery associated. Seventy percent were intermediate/low risk at the Motzer classification and>80% Karnofsky performance status. PFS was 7m. NEP improves PFS (10 vs. 4m). High risk Motzer decreased PFS (P<.001). The OS was 11.5m. Patients with Karnofsky performance status>80, intermediate or low risk Motzer treated with NEP and mTOR as second line treatment, increased the OS (14 vs. 3m, P=.0001; 14 vs. 6m, P=.001; and 9 vs. 5m, P=.003, respectively). In the multivariate analysis only NEP (P=0,006; HR 4.5) and intermediate/low risk at the Motzer classification(P=.020; HR 8.9) demonstrated significant improvement in OS. Patients treated with NEP associated to systemic treatment and with an intermediate/low risk in the Motzer classification had a better PFS and OS. The OS also improves in patients treated with mTOR in second line, and Karnofsky performance status>80%in the univariate study, but not in the multivariable one. Copyright © 2016 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  15. Robotic partial nephrectomy with intracorporeal renal hypothermia using ice slush.

    PubMed

    Kaouk, Jihad H; Samarasekera, Dinesh; Krishnan, Jayram; Autorino, Riccardo; Acka, Oktay; Brando, Luis Felipe; Laydner, Humberto; Zargar, Homayoun

    2014-09-01

    To outline our technique for intracorporeal cooling with ice slush during robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN), with real-time parenchymal temperature monitoring. Eleven consecutive patients with enhancing solid renal masses suitable for treatment with RPN between September 2013 and January 2014 were included in the analysis. Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. Preoperative patient characteristics, intraoperative surgical parameters including patient body temperature and ipsilateral kidney temperature with real-time monitoring, and short-term functional outcomes were analyzed. Median age was 55 years (range, 39-75 years) and American Society of Anesthesiologists score was 3 (range, 2-4). Median tumor size was 4 cm (range, 2.3-7.1) and RENAL nephrometry score was 9 (range, 5-11). One patient had a solitary kidney. During cooling, the lowest median renal parenchymal temperature was 17.05°C (range, 11°C-26°C) and cold ischemia time was 27.17 minutes (range, 18-49 minutes). Median time to latest postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate was 12 days (range, 2-30 days). Median glomerular filtration rate preservation was 81% (range, 47.9%-126%). There was one positive margin. There were no postoperative complications, and no patients experienced a prolonged ileus. The limitations of this study include a small number of patients and short-term follow-up. RPN with renal hypothermia using intracorporeal ice slush is technically feasible. Our simplified method of introducing the ice slush was free of complications and highly reproducible. The use of a needle temperature probe allowed us to monitor in real time cooling of the renal parenchyma. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. [Bilateral nephrectomy in patients with end-stage renal failure and chronic active pyelonephritis].

    PubMed

    Lysenko, M A; Vtorenko, V I; Trushkin, R N; Lubennikov, A E; Sysoev, A M; Sokolov, A A

    2016-02-01

    This study analyzed the results of bilateral nephrectomy in 14 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and chronic active pyelonephritis. Seven patients had urosepsis, and 10 patients had a purulent form of pyelonephritis, which was one-sided in 7 of them. In the early postoperative period, on average, after 9.3 days, 9 patients died. Statistically significant risk factors for death were: chronic hemodialysis, long-term antibiotic therapy, and existing sepsis. Intraoperative complications and postoperative morbidity were not significantly associated with death. The study results imply the need of differentiated approach to bilateral nephrectomy in patients with ESRD and risk factors for fatal outcome. It must be performed on the strong indications since the intervention does not lead to eradication of sepsis. It is advisable to perform "preventive, sanation" bilateral nephrectomy in the "cold period" in patients at risk for developing urosepsis.

  17. Hydro-jet assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: initial experience in a porcine model.

    PubMed

    Shekarriz, H; Shekarriz, B; Upadhyay, J; Bürk, C; Wood, D P; Bruch, H P

    2000-03-01

    Hemostasis represents a challenge when performing laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Hydro-Jet cutting is an advanced technology that has been used to create an ultra-coherent water force that functions like a sharp knife. In the surgical field, it has mainly been used for liver surgery and initial clinical experience with laparoscopic cholecystectomies has been favorable. This technique allowed selective parenchymal cutting with preservation of vessels and bile ducts. We describe a novel Hydro-Jet assisted dissection technique for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in a porcine model. Ten partial nephrectomies were performed in 5 pigs using a Muritz 1000 (Euromed Medizintechnik, A. Pein, Schwerin, Germany) Hydro-Jet generator. A thin stream of ultra coherent fluid is forced at a high velocity through a small nozzle. A modified probe allows both blunt dissection concomitantly with high-pressure water application. Coagulation can be applied via a bipolar thermoapplicator as needed. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was successful in all animals. Water-jet cutting through the parenchyma was virtually bloodless and preserved the vasculature and the collecting system. The vessels were then ligated or coagulated under direct vision. The continuous water flow established a bloodless operating field and a clear view for the surgeon. The mean dissection time and warm ischemia time were 45+/-9 and 17+/-3 minutes, respectively. This preliminary study supports the suitability of this technique for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy to improve hemostasis. The improved anatomical dissection and hemostasis may further decrease morbidity and operative time. Further studies are underway to compare this technique with laser coagulation for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

  18. Obesity, hypertension and diabetes mellitus affect complication rate of different nephrectomy techniques.

    PubMed

    Hua, X; Ying-Ying, C; Zu-Jun, F; Gang, X; Zu-Quan, X; Qiang, D; Hao-Wen, J

    2014-12-01

    To investigate whether obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus (DM) would increase post-nephrectomy complication rates using standardized classification method. We retrospectively included 843 patients from March 2006 to November 2012, of whom 613 underwent radical nephrectomy (RN) and 229 had partial nephrectomy (PN). Modified Clavien classification system was applied to quantify complication severity of nephrectomy. Fisher's exact or chi-square test was used to assess the relationship between complication rates and obesity, hypertension, as well as DM. The prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and DM was 11.51%, 30.84%, 8.78%, respectively. The overall complication rate was 19.31%, 30.04%, 35.71% and 36.36% for laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN), open-RN, LPN and open-PN respectively. An increasing trend of low grade complication rate as BMI increased was observed in LRN (P=.027) and open-RN (P<.001). Obese patients had greater chance to have low grade complications in LRN (OR=4.471; 95% CI: 1.290-17.422; P=0.031) and open-RN (OR=2.448; 95% CI: 1.703-3.518; P<.001). Patients with hypertension were more likely to have low grade complications, especially grade ii complications in open-RN (OR=1.526; 95% CI: 1.055-2.206; P=.026) and open PN (OR=2.032; 95% CI: 1.199-3.443; P=.009). DM was also associated with higher grade i complication rate in open-RN (OR=2.490; 95% CI: 331-4.657; P=.016) and open-PN (OR=4.425; 95% CI: 1.815-10.791; P=.013). High grade complication rates were similar in comparison. Obesity, hypertension, and DM were closely associated with increased post-nephrectomy complication rates, mainly low grade complications. Copyright © 2013 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  19. Does robotic assistance confer an economic benefit during laparoscopic radical nephrectomy?

    PubMed

    Yang, David Y; Monn, M Francesca; Bahler, Clinton D; Sundaram, Chandru P

    2014-09-01

    While robotic assisted radical nephrectomy is safe with outcomes and complication rates comparable to those of the pure laparoscopic approach, there is little evidence of an economic or clinical benefit. From the 2009 to 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database we identified patients 18 years old or older who underwent radical nephrectomy for primary renal malignancy. Robotic assisted and laparoscopic techniques were noted. Patients treated with the open technique and those with evidence of metastatic disease were excluded from analysis. Descriptive statistics were performed using the chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests, and the Student t-test. Multiple linear regression was done to examine factors associated with increased hospital costs and charges. We identified 24,312 radical nephrectomy cases for study inclusion, of which 7,787 (32%) were performed robotically. There was no demographic difference between robotic assisted and pure laparoscopic radical nephrectomy cases. Median total charges were $47,036 vs $38,068 for robotic assisted vs laparoscopic surgery (p <0.001). Median total hospital costs for robotic assisted surgery were $15,149 compared to $11,735 for laparoscopic surgery (p <0.001). There was no difference in perioperative complications or the incidence of death. Compared to the laparoscopic approach robotic assistance conferred an estimated $4,565 and $11,267 increase in hospital costs and charges, respectively, when adjusted for adapted Charlson comorbidity index score, perioperative complications and length of stay (p <0.001). Robotic assisted radical nephrectomy results in increased medical expense without improving patient morbidity. Assuming surgeon proficiency with pure laparoscopy, robotic technology should be reserved primarily for complex surgeries requiring reconstruction. Traditional laparoscopic techniques should continue to be used for routine radical nephrectomy. Copyright © 2014 American Urological Association Education and Research

  20. Renal Function Recovery after Nephrectomy or Nephron-Sparing Surgery in Children with Unilateral Renal Tumor.

    PubMed

    Cozzi, Denis A; Ceccanti, Silvia; Cozzi, Francesco

    2017-02-01

    Introduction Children with unilateral renal tumor (URT) and preoperative renal dysfunction (PRD) may benefit from nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). To test this hypothesis, we studied the outcome of baseline renal function after nephrectomy or NSS among children with URT. Materials and Methods Retrospective records review of children with URT who underwent nephrectomy (25 children) or NSS (11 children) at our institution. We analyzed the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) changes over time among patients, stratified by both preoperative renal function (with or without PRD) and surgical extent (NSS vs. nephrectomy). The primary end point was evaluation of compensatory recovery of preoperative eGFR after surgery. Only children older than 2 years at surgery were included in the study. Renal dysfunction was defined as an eGFR < 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Results After nephrectomy or NSS, patients with PRD presented, on average during adolescence, a significant increase in eGFR, whereas patients without PRD presented, on average during adolescence, a stable eGFR. However, after nephrectomy, 5 of 17 (29%) and 7 of 8 (87%) adolescent patients with baseline eGFR ≤ or > 100 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively, achieved or maintained two-kidney eGFR values (T-KEV) (p = 0.01). After NSS, four adolescent patients with PRD and seven without PRD achieved or maintained T-KEV. Conclusion The majority of children with URT and low baseline eGFR present with an impaired renal function recovery after nephrectomy and may benefit from NSS. Collaborative studies are needed to support present findings. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  1. Subtotal Gastrectomy as "Last Resort" Consideration in the Management of Refractory Rumination Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Cooper, Chad J; Otoukesh, Salman; Mojtahedzadeh, Mona; Galvis, Juan M; McCallum, Richard W

    2014-08-01

    Rumination syndrome is a behavioral disorder resulting in effortless regurgitation of undigested food within minutes of meal intake that is subsequently either re-swallowed or ejected. It is commonly misdiagnosed, patients often undergo extensive testing and multiple therapies, many of which are directed at suspected gastroparesis. A 25-year-old Caucasian female initially presented to our care 1 year ago with a 4-year history of nausea and vomiting occurring in the immediate postprandial period, specifically within 15 minutes from oral intake. She had an extensive history of multiple diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical procedures over the previous 4 years which included cholecystectomy, botulin toxin injection into the pyloric sphincter, pyloroplasty, placement of a gastric stimulator and jejunal feeding tube with no sustained results. On a previous admission we determined the functional status of the stomach by obtaining full thickness gastric biopsies during a diagnostic laparoscopy. This revealed an adequate population number of cells of Cajal and myenteric neurons as well as normal stomach muscle. After 1 year of attempting "breathing relaxation techniques", while being nutritionally maintained by nocturnal jejunostomy feedings, the patient presented again to our care with refractory nausea and vomiting and unable to work or function. Her weight was 90 lbs. She underwent a subtotal gastrectomy (80%) with Roux-en-Y reconstruction and continuation of jejunostomy feeding. The refractory nausea and vomiting significantly improved over the 4 weeks after discharge and breathing exercises were continued. On subsequent follow-up visits over a 6-month course, the refractory nausea and vomiting had resolved by more than 85% with and improvement in her BMI and quality of life.The recommended treatment of rumination syndrome is focused on breathing exercises and relaxation techniques to "distract" while eating. We believe our case is the first reported where a subtotal

  2. Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy of Patient With Nutcracker Phenomenon.

    PubMed

    Barman, Naman; Palese, Michael

    2016-05-17

    We report the case of a 30-year-old male patient undergoing a robotic-assisted laparoscopic left donor nephrectomy, where compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and aorta was noted on magnetic resonance angiography before the operation. The patient was diagnosed with nutcracker phenomenon and was noted to be asymptomatic at that time. This is the first reported case to date of a patient with nutcracker phenomenon who underwent a robotic-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. This article also reviews the current literature on nutcracker phenomenon and nutcracker syndrome.

  3. Renal artery aneurysm in hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: case report.

    PubMed

    Maciel, R F; Branco, A J; Branco, A W; Guterres, J C; Silva, A E; Ramos, L B; Rost, C; Vieira, C A; Cicogna, P E S; Daudt, C A; Deboni, L M; Vieira, M A; Luz, H A; Vieira, J A

    2003-12-01

    We report a living donor who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy using a hand-assisted device (HALD). At preoperative arteriography the donor showed a renal artery aneurysm. The patient was a 37-year-old female, 166 cm height, white, weighing 87 kg, HLA identical to the recipient. HALD was indicated due to the better visualization of renal pedicle and greater security in an obese patient. Renal artery aneurysm is a rare condition, with many possible complications. The method proved to be adequate and safe for donor nephrectomy, despite a renal artery aneurysm.

  4. Laparoscopic wedge resection and partial nephrectomy--the Washington University experience and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    McDougall, E M; Elbahnasy, A M; Clayman, R V

    1998-01-01

    Open partial nephrectomy is an accepted form of treatment for a variety of benign conditions and for localized renal cell carcinoma. To date, there is limited experience with the clinical application of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and wedge resection for benign and malignant disease of the kidney. Herein, we report our clinical experience with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and a review of the current literature. Twelve patients (27-81 years) have undergone laparoscopic wedge resection (3) or attempted polar partial nephrectomy (9) since 1993. In the group of 12 patients, 5 had a mass suspicious for a malignancy, 4 patients had symptomatic polar calyceal dilation with or without stone disease, and 3 patients had an atrophic or hydronephrotic upper pole moiety. Among the patients in the polar nephrectomy group, a third were converted to an open procedure. The remaining 6 patients had a mean operative time of 6.5 hours (5.7-8.3 hours). These patients resumed their oral intake on average 0.8 days postoperatively. In the 2 patients with a mass, the final pathology was oncocytoma (1), and xanthogranulomatous reaction in a renal cyst (1). Postoperative complications included a nephrocutaneous fistula which was endoscopically fulgurated, a retroperitoneal urinoma which was percutaneously drained, and a two-day bout of ileus. The mean hospital stay was 5.3 days (2-9). Their full convalescence was completed in a mean of 4.2 weeks (2-8). Three patients underwent a wedge resection for a superficial < 2 cm mass. The average operative time in this group was 3.5 hours (2-5.4). The mean time to resuming oral intake was 0.7 days (0.3-0.7). The final pathology was oncocytoma (1), oncocytic renal cell cancer (1), and old infarction (1); none of the patients had any complications. The mean hospital stay was 2.7 days (2-4). Convalescence was completed in 4 weeks (range 1-8). Laparoscopic wedge resection and polar partial nephrectomy are feasible, albeit currently tedious

  5. Laparoscopic Wedge Resection and Partial Nephrectomy - The Washington University Experience and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Elbahnasy, Abdelhamid M.; Clayman, Ralph V.

    1998-01-01

    Open partial nephrectomy is an accepted form of treatment for a variety of benign conditions and for localized renal cell carcinoma. To date, there is limited experience with the clinical application of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and wedge resection for benign and malignant disease of the kidney. Herein, we report our clinical experience with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and a review of the current literature. Twelve patients (27 - 81 years) have undergone laparoscopic wedge resection (3) or attempted polar partial nephrectomy (9) since 1993. In the group of 12 patients, 5 had a mass suspicious for a malignancy, 4 patients had symptomatic polar calyceal dilation with or without stone disease, and 3 patients had an atrophic or hydronephrotic upper pole moiety. Among the patients in the polar nephrectomy group, a third were converted to an open procedure. The remaining 6 patients had a mean operative time of 6.5 hours (5.7 - 8.3 hours). These patients resumed their oral intake on average 0.8 days postoperatively. In the 2 patients with a mass, the final pathology was oncocytoma (1), and xanthogranulomatous reaction in a renal cyst (1). Postoperative complications included a nephrocutaneous fistula which was endoscopically fulgurated, a retroperitoneal urinoma which was percutaneously drained, and a two-day bout of ileus. The mean hospital stay was 5.3 days (2-9). Their full convalescence was completed in a mean of 4.2 weeks (2 - 8). Three patients underwent a wedge resection for a superficial < 2 cm mass. The average operative time in this group was 3.5 hours (2 - 5.4). The mean time to resuming oral intake was 0.7 days (0.3 - 0.7). The final pathology was oncocytoma (1), oncocytic renal cell cancer (1), and old infarction (1); none of the patients had any complications. The mean hospital stay was 2.7 days (2- 4). Convalescence was completed in 4 weeks (range 1-8). Laparoscopic wedge resection and polar partial nephrectomy are feasible, albeit currently

  6. Laparoscopic Resection of Cholecystocolic Fistula and Subtotal Cholecystectomy by Tri-Staple in a Type V Mirizzi Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Yetişir, Fahri; Şarer, Akgün Ebru; Acar, Hasan Zafer; Parlak, Omer; Basaran, Basar; Yazıcıoğlu, Omer

    2016-01-01

    The Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is an impacted stone in the cystic duct or Hartmann's pouch that mechanically obstructs the common bile duct (CBD). We would like to report laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (SC) and resection of cholecystocolic fistula by the help of Tri-Staple™ in a case with type V MS and cholecystocolic fistula, for first time in the literature. A 24-year-old man was admitted to emergency department with the complaint of abdominal pain, intermittent fever, jaundice, and diarrhea. Two months ago with the same complaint, ERCP was performed. Laparoscopic resection of cholecystocolic fistula and subtotal cholecystectomy were performed by the help of Tri-Staple. At the eight-month follow-up, he was symptom-free with normal liver function tests. In a patient with type V MS and cholecystocolic fistula, laparoscopic resection of cholecystocolic fistula and SC can be performed by using Tri-Staple safely. PMID:26904324

  7. The Effect of ACL Reconstruction on Kinematics of the Knee with Combined ACL Injury and Subtotal Medial Meniscectomy - an in-vitro robotic investigation

    PubMed Central

    Seon, Jong Keun; Gadikota, Hemanth R.; Kozanek, Michal; Oh, Luke S.; Gill, Thomas J.; Li, Guoan

    2009-01-01

    Purpose The aims of this study were to determine: 1) the kinematic effect of subtotal medial meniscectomy on ACL deficient knee and 2) the effect of ACL reconstruction on kinematics of the knee with combined ACL deficiency and subtotal medial meniscectomy under an anterior tibial and a simulated quadriceps loads. Methods Eight human cadaveric knees were sequentially tested using a robotic testing system under 4 conditions: intact, ACL deficiency, ACL deficiency with subtotal medial meniscectomy, and single bundle ACL reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone graft. Knee kinematics were measured at 0°, 15°, 30°, 60°, and 90° of flex ion under an anterior tibial load of 130 N and a quadriceps muscle load of 400 N. Results Subtotal medial meniscectomy in ACL deficient knee significantly increased anterior and lateral tibial translations under the anterior tibial and quadriceps loads (P < 0.05). These kinematic changes were larger at high flexion (≥ 60°) than at low flexion angles. ACL reconstructio n in knees with ACL deficiency and subtotal medial meniscectomy significantly reduced the increased anterior tibial translation, but could not restore anterior translation to the intact level with differences ranging from 2.6 mm at 0° to 5.5 mm at 30° of flexion. ACL reconstruction did not significantly affect the medial-lateral translation and internal-external tibial rotation in the presence of subtotal meniscectomy. Conclusions Subtotal medial meniscectomy in knees with ACL deficiency altered knee kinematics, especially at high flexion angles. ACL reconstruction significantly reduced the increased tibial translation in knees with combined ACL deficiency and subtotal medial meniscectomy, but could not restore the knee kinematics to the intact knee level. Clinical Relevance This study suggests that meniscus is an important secondary stabilizer against anterior and lateral tibial translations and should be preserved in the setting of ACL reconstruction for

  8. The effect of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction on kinematics of the knee with combined anterior cruciate ligament injury and subtotal medial meniscectomy: an in vitro robotic investigation.

    PubMed

    Seon, Jong Keun; Gadikota, Hemanth R; Kozanek, Michal; Oh, Luke S; Gill, Thomas J; Li, Guoan

    2009-02-01

    The aims of this study were to determine: (1) the kinematic effect of subtotal medial meniscectomy on the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knee and (2) the effect of ACL reconstruction on kinematics of the knee with combined ACL deficiency and subtotal medial meniscectomy under anterior tibial and simulated quadriceps loads. Eight human cadaveric knees were sequentially tested using a robotic testing system under 4 conditions: intact, ACL deficiency, ACL deficiency with subtotal medial meniscectomy, and single-bundle ACL reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone graft. Knee kinematics were measured at 0 degrees, 15 degrees, 30 degrees, 60 degrees, and 90 degrees of flexion under an anterior tibial load of 130 N and a quadriceps muscle load of 400 N. Subtotal medial meniscectomy in the ACL-deficient knee significantly increased anterior and lateral tibial translations under the anterior tibial and quadriceps loads (P < .05). These kinematic changes were larger at high flexion (>or=60 degrees) than at low flexion angles. ACL reconstruction in knees with ACL deficiency and subtotal medial meniscectomy significantly reduced the increased anterior tibial translation, but could not restore anterior translation to the intact level with differences ranging from 2.6 mm at 0 degrees to 5.5 mm at 30 degrees of flexion. ACL reconstruction did not significantly affect the medial-lateral translation and internal-external tibial rotation in the presence of subtotal meniscectomy. Subtotal medial meniscectomy in knees with ACL deficiency altered knee kinematics, especially at high flexion angles. ACL reconstruction significantly reduced the increased tibial translation in knees with combined ACL deficiency and subtotal medial meniscectomy, but could not restore the knee kinematics to the intact knee level. This study suggests that meniscus is an important secondary stabilizer against anterior and lateral tibial translations and should be preserved in the setting of

  9. Colonic seromuscular augmentation cystoplasty following subtotal cystectomy for treatment of bladder necrosis caused by bladder torsion in a dog.

    PubMed

    Pozzi, Antonio; Smeak, Daniel D; Aper, Rhonda

    2006-07-15

    A 5-year-old Labrador Retriever was evaluated because of a 3-day history of lethargy, anorexia, vomiting, stranguria, and anuria after routine ovariohysterectomy. On initial examination, signs of abdominal pain and enlargement of the urinary bladder were detected. Clinicopathologic abnormalities included leukocytosis, azotemia, and hyperkalemia. Radiography and surgical exploration of the abdomen revealed urinary bladder torsion at the level of the trigone; histologically, there was necrosis of 90% of the organ. After excision of the necrotic wall of the urinary bladder (approx 0.5 cm cranial to the ureteral orifices), the remaining bladder stump was closed with a colonic seromuscular patch. Eleven weeks later, cystoscopy revealed an intramural ureteral stricture, for which treatment included a mucosal apposition neoureterocystostomy. Thirteen months after the first surgery, the dog developed pyelonephritis, which was successfully treated. By 3 months after subtotal cystectomy, the dog's urinary bladder was almost normal in size. Frequency of urination decreased from 3 to 4 urinations/h immediately after surgery to once every 3 hours after 2 months; approximately 4 months after the subtotal cystectomy, urination frequency was considered close to normal. Urinary bladder torsion is a surgical emergency in dogs. Ischemia of the urinary bladder wall may result from strangulation of the arterial and venous blood supply and from overdistension. Subtotal resection of the urinary bladder, preserving only the trigone area and the ureteral openings, and colonic seromuscular augmentation can be used to successfully treat urinary bladder torsion in dogs.

  10. Safety and Effectiveness of Total Thyroidectomy and Its Comparison with Subtotal Thyroidectomy and Other Thyroid Surgeries: A Systematic Review.

    PubMed

    Padur, Ashwini Aithal; Kumar, Naveen; Guru, Anitha; Badagabettu, Satheesha Nayak; Shanthakumar, Swamy Ravindra; Virupakshamurthy, Murlimanju Bukkambudhi; Patil, Jyothsna

    2016-01-01

    Diseases associated with the thyroid gland are one of the most frequently seen endocrine disorders across the globe. Total thyroidectomy is currently the preferred treatment for many thyroid diseases. Controversies exist among surgeons regarding safety of total thyroidectomy due to the risk associated with it like postoperative hypoparathyroidism or recurrent laryngeal nerve damage. Since, in the recent years, the incidence of thyroidectomy is in increasing trend in south Indian population, this review aims to study the available data regarding the appropriateness and safety of total thyroidectomy and compares it with subtotal thyroidectomy and other thyroid surgeries. This is a retrospective comprehensive review of various articles and publications regarding total and partial thyroidectomy performed across the world. Many retrospective studies and few prospective studies suggest that the incidence of transient hypocalcemia is higher after total thyroidectomy than after subtotal thyroidectomy, but the incidence of other complications including recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and postoperative hematoma is not significantly different between the two procedures. Hence in our review we found that total thyroidectomy is safe and cost effective with low complication rates and provides little significant advantage of being safer procedure compared to subtotal thyroidectomy.

  11. Safety and Effectiveness of Total Thyroidectomy and Its Comparison with Subtotal Thyroidectomy and Other Thyroid Surgeries: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Padur, Ashwini Aithal; Kumar, Naveen; Guru, Anitha; Badagabettu, Satheesha Nayak; Shanthakumar, Swamy Ravindra; Virupakshamurthy, Murlimanju Bukkambudhi; Patil, Jyothsna

    2016-01-01

    Diseases associated with the thyroid gland are one of the most frequently seen endocrine disorders across the globe. Total thyroidectomy is currently the preferred treatment for many thyroid diseases. Controversies exist among surgeons regarding safety of total thyroidectomy due to the risk associated with it like postoperative hypoparathyroidism or recurrent laryngeal nerve damage. Since, in the recent years, the incidence of thyroidectomy is in increasing trend in south Indian population, this review aims to study the available data regarding the appropriateness and safety of total thyroidectomy and compares it with subtotal thyroidectomy and other thyroid surgeries. This is a retrospective comprehensive review of various articles and publications regarding total and partial thyroidectomy performed across the world. Many retrospective studies and few prospective studies suggest that the incidence of transient hypocalcemia is higher after total thyroidectomy than after subtotal thyroidectomy, but the incidence of other complications including recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and postoperative hematoma is not significantly different between the two procedures. Hence in our review we found that total thyroidectomy is safe and cost effective with low complication rates and provides little significant advantage of being safer procedure compared to subtotal thyroidectomy. PMID:27006857

  12. Indications and outcome of subtotal petrosectomy for active middle ear implants.

    PubMed

    Verhaert, Nicolas; Mojallal, Hamidreza; Schwab, Burkard

    2013-03-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the outcome and possible complications of subtotal petrosectomy (SP) for Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) device surgery in a tertiary referral center. A secondary objective was the evaluation of hearing results in a subgroup of subjects who received the VSB device. Between 2009 and early 2011, 22 adult subjects with chronic otitis media (COM) underwent a SP, blind sac closure of the external auditory canal and abdominal fat obliteration to facilitate the application of an active middle ear implant (AMEI) in a staged procedure. Indications consisted of mixed hearing loss after previous tympanomastoplasty and failure of hearing rehabilitation with a hearing aid or bone conduction device in COM. Pre- and postoperative pure-tone audiograms were analyzed in respect to deterioration of inner ear function, unaided and aided (hearing aid, bone-anchored hearing aid and VSB) speech audiograms were compared to verify improvements in communications skills and functional gains. Incidence and type of complications were reviewed. No significant change was observed regarding mean bone conduction thresholds after the first stage procedure. Some minor wound healing problems were noted. Speech perception using the VSB (n = 16) showed a mean aided speech discrimination at 65-dB SPL of 75 % [standard deviation (SD) 28.7], at 80-dB SPL of 90 % (SD 25.1). Our results suggest that for selected patients with open mastoid cavities and chronic middle ear disease, SP with abdominal fat obliteration is an effective and safe technique to facilitate safe AMEI placement.

  13. Zygoma implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient after subtotal bilateral maxillectomy.

    PubMed

    D'Agostino, Antonio; Antonio, D'Agostino; Procacci, Pasquale; Pasquale, Procacci; Ferrari, Francesca; Trevisiol, Lorenzo; Nocini, Pier Francesco; Francesco, Nocini Pier

    2013-03-01

    This clinical report describes the successful implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient who underwent subtotal bilateral maxillectomy for an oral squamous cell carcinoma with a consequent wide defect interesting the whole hard palate and most of the soft palate, causing a large opening that directly connects the oral cavity to the nasal fossa bilaterally. The innovative aspect of this case is represented by the realization of an obturator prosthesis supported by just 3 zygoma implants.The maxillary bone had been largely excised by radical surgery. Despite the resection had a complete oncological success and the patient was free of disease after 24 months' follow-up, the patient experienced severe speech and deglutition deficit due to the iatrogenic large oro-antral communication. Three zygoma implants have been positioned, 2 through the right maxillary bone and, owing the wide lack of bone, just 1 on the left side. No mucogingival surgery was necessary around the zygoma implants. The obturator prosthesis was stabilized by the 3 implants and the patient's oral function as well as quality of life widely improved.The results show that zygoma implants could represent a viable surgical option to obtain a satisfactory oral function rehabilitation even in case of extensive maxillary defect.

  14. Impact of the surgical wound closure technique on the revision surgery rate after subtotal petrosectomy.

    PubMed

    Lyutenski, Stefan; Schwab, Burkard; Lenarz, Thomas; Salcher, Rolf; Majdani, Omid

    2016-11-01

    The objective of the study was to examine the impact of the surgical wound closure technique as protection of the obliterated tympanomastoid cavity on the revision surgery rate after subtotal petrosectomy (SP). This is a retrospective case series conducted in a tertiary care referral center. 199 patients (212 ears) with recurrent chronic otitis media underwent SP followed by tympanomastoid obliteration with abdominal fat at a single tertiary referral center between 2005 and 2015. 124 SP were carried out without (group A), 74 with temporalis muscle flap (group B) and 14 with reinforcing material like polydioxanone foil or bovine pericardium or allogenic fascia lata (group C) for wound closure. The evaluated follow-up was either until the scheduled device implantation or 6 months postoperatively. We assessed the rate of postoperative wound healing disorder with revision surgery according to the surgical technique for closure of the obliterated cleft. Revision surgery due to impaired wound healing was necessary in 16 % of the total cases (group A: 18.5 %, group B: 10.8 %, group C: 21.4 %). Further analysis concerning the dehiscent area in both sites (retroauricular and blind sac of the external auditory canal) was conducted and discussed. There was no significant difference observed in the rate of revision surgery between the three groups. The wound healing process after SP is determined by many factors and cannot be significantly influenced solely by reinforcing tissue like the temporalis muscle flap or supporting materials.

  15. Subtotal laryngectomy with crico-hyoido-epiglotto-pexy for the treatment of extended glottic carcinomas.

    PubMed

    Piquet, J J; Chevalier, D

    1991-10-01

    We first described subtotal laryngectomy with crico-hyoido-epiglotto-pexy in 1974. This procedure is a modification of Majer's operation and results in the complete resection of the intact thyroid cartilage. The epiglottic petiole, the false cords, the true cords, and one arytenoid are also excised, along with the paraglottic space. The pharynx is closed by suturing the cricoid to the epiglottis and the hyoid bone. The neoglottis is occluded during deglutition by the epiglottis and the base of tongue, which come into contact with the remaining arytenoid. Postoperative hospitalization lasts approximately 3 weeks, and patients have a strong but deep voice. Between 1972 and 1985, we treated 104 patients with stage T2 and T3 lesions of the glottis using this method. A retrospective analysis showed that the overall survival rate of patients was 86% at 3 years and 75% at 5 years. Five patients experienced local recurrence. Seven patients had recurrences in the neck, and eight developed second primaries. Thirteen patients were lost to follow-up or developed intercurrent disease. Patients with T3NO lesions were treated with unilateral prophylactic neck dissection, and positive nodes were found in 23% of cases. We believe that the high proportion of positive nodes justifies routine prophylactic neck dissection in these patients. Because our operation is associated with good local control (5% recurrence rate), we propose that, for the treatment of extended glottic cancers, it replace transcartilaginous procedures that are associated with much higher recurrence rates.

  16. [Subtotal-supracrioid laryngectomy (SCSL): the importance of the histopathological analysis].

    PubMed

    García-Sánchez, Manuel; Romero-Durán, Elizabeth; Mantilla-Morales, Alejandra; Gallegos-Hernández, José Francisco

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of conservative surgical treatment of laryngeal cancer is to obtain cancer control with preservation of laryngeal function, and in turn, the preservation of laryngeal function should be understood as the preservation of the patient's ability to ventilate in the normal way without tracheostomy and without aspiration and maintaining intelligible speech. This objective is achieved by maintaining a balance between two fundamental aspects: proper patient selection (based on tumor extension and preoperative laryngeal function) and an adequate histopathological analysis of the surgical specimen. Supracricoid subtotal laryngectomy (SCSL) is the voice conservative surgical technique which offers the best possibility of control in patients with locally advanced laryngeal cancer, and the proper histopathological analysis allows staging and selecting patients eligible for adjuvant therapy, avoiding unnecessary therapies, and allows design of a monitoring and surveillance program based on risk factors. The aim of this manuscript is to highlight key points in the histopathological evaluation of the surgical specimen of SCSL. The proper communication between the surgeon and pathologist, offering complete information on preoperative clinical evaluation and the knowledge of the key points in the evaluation of the surgical specimen (sites of tumor leakage and surgical resection margins) are fundamental parameters to achieve a proper histopathologic evaluation of the surgical specimen.

  17. Vertical frontal subtotal laryngectomy and immediate reconstruction of larynx with cervical skin flap.

    PubMed

    Wang, T D; Zhu, P

    1990-11-01

    Vertical frontal subtotal laryngectomy, a procedure that can remove as much as 90% of the larynx, was used to produce a functionally acceptable neolarynx with adjacent cervical skin flaps. Thirty-four patients with laryngeal carcinoma underwent this operation. All patients were staged according to their physical findings before operation. Of these patients, 1 was lost to follow-up and 2 died from other causes 6 months and 4 years after operation respectively. The remainder are living and well without recurrence. The longest follow-up was 8 years and the shortest 14 months. Laryngeal functions were restored completely in 27 patients and partially in 7. We conclude that the procedure is best suited for the removal of anterior commissure tumor extending from both vocal cords to the anterior 1/3 or the entire length of the true cords and that if the tumor extends to the supraglottis or subglottis, this procedure is adequate as long as the posterior part of the larynx is not involved, leaving a sufficient safety margin.

  18. Quality of life after total and subtotal gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Goh, Y M; Gillespie, C; Couper, G; Paterson-Brown, S

    2015-10-01

    There remains debate as to whether quality of life (QoL) is better for patients following sub-total gastrectomy (SG) or total gastrectomy (TG) for cancer. Both have similar survival rates provided an R0 resection is performed and in many series the morbidity and mortality after TG is higher than SG. The aim of this study was to evaluate the QoL in patients after TG and SG for cancer. All surviving patients who had undergone TG or SG between 1994 and 2009 were identified from a prospectively collected database and sent the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) core questionnaire (QLQ-C30 v.3) and the gastric module (QLQ-STO22). From a total of 261 patients who had undergone TG or SG in the study period, 91 were still alive and 53 responded. There was no significant difference between the QoL between TG and SG based on functional scales and global health status. However dysphagia and eating restrictions were significantly worse in the TG group. This study has demonstrated that there is no difference in overall QoL in patients with TG or SG although eating restrictions and dysphagia are worse after TG. Copyright © 2014 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. SN-38-loaded nanofiber matrices for local control of pediatric solid tumors after subtotal resection surgery.

    PubMed

    Monterrubio, Carles; Pascual-Pasto, Guillem; Cano, Francisco; Vila-Ubach, Monica; Manzanares, Alejandro; Schaiquevich, Paula; Tornero, Jose A; Sosnik, Alejandro; Mora, Jaume; Carcaboso, Angel M

    2016-02-01

    In addition to surgery, local tumor control in pediatric oncology requires new treatments as an alternative to radiotherapy. SN-38 is an anticancer drug with proved activity against several pediatric solid tumors including neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma. Taking advantage of the extremely low aqueous solubility of SN-38, we have developed a novel drug delivery system (DDS) consisting of matrices made of poly(lactic acid) electrospun polymer nanofibers loaded with SN-38 microcrystals for local release in difficult-to-treat pediatric solid tumors. To model the clinical scenario, we conducted extensive preclinical experiments to characterize the biodistribution of the released SN-38 using microdialysis sampling in vivo. We observed that the drug achieves high concentrations in the virtual space of the surgical bed and penetrates a maximum distance of 2 mm within the tumor bulk. Subsequently, we developed a model of subtotal tumor resection in clinically relevant pediatric patient-derived xenografts and used such models to provide evidence of the activity of the SN-38 DDS to inhibit tumor regrowth. We propose that this novel DDS could represent a potential future strategy to avoid harmful radiation therapy as a primary tumor control together with surgery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. [How to avoid the complications associated with hysterectomy: Place of subtotal hysterectomy, prevention of venous thromboembolism risk and preoperative treatment: Guidelines].

    PubMed

    Marcelli, M; Gauthier, T; Chêne, G; Lamblin, G; Agostini, A

    2015-12-01

    The National College of French gynecologists and obstetricians (CNGOF) decided to issue recommendations for clinical practice concerning the prevention of complications due to hysterectomy for benign disease. Review of the English and French literature until May 2015 about complications with hysterectomy for benign gynaecological disease, excluding cancer. The following topics are covered in this article: prevention of venous thromboembolism risk, preoperative treatment that reduce the frequency of laparotomic hysterectomy and real interest of subtotal hysterectomy. For the prevention of venous thromboembolism risk we advise to follow the recommendations of the SFAR. In case of hysterectomy for benign indication for which a median laparotomy is envisaged, given the volume of the uterus, it is recommended to prescribe GnRH agonists and then reassess the surgical approach (grade B). We do not observe significative differences regarding the sexual quality of life for laparotomic subtotal hysterectomy versus laparotomic total hysterectomy (EL1). We do not observe significative differences regarding the sexual quality of life for laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy versus laparoscopic total hysterectomy (EL1). Subtotal hysterectomy is not associated with a significant improvement in the sexual quality of life (EL1). Subtotal hysterectomy is not associated with a decreased prevalence of intraoperative Hemorrhagic or visceral complications (EL3) or to a reduction in transfusions (EL2). It is not recommended to perform subtotal hysterectomy to reduce the risk of complications per or postoperative (grade B). Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Long-term survival following partial versus radical nephrectomy among older patients with early-stage kidney cancer

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Hung-Jui; Norton, Edward C.; Ye, Zaojun; Hafez, Khaled S.; Gore, John L.; Miller, David C.

    2013-01-01

    Context Although partial nephrectomy is the preferred treatment for many patients with early-stage kidney cancer, recent clinical trial data demonstrating better survival for patients treated with radical nephrectomy has generated new uncertainty regarding the comparative effectiveness of these treatment options. Objective We sought to clarify this issue by performing an instrumental variable analysis comparing long-term survival after partial versus radical nephrectomy among a population-based patient cohort whose treatment reflects contemporary surgical practice. Design, Setting, and Patients We performed a retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries with clinical stage T1a kidney cancer treated from 1992 through 2007 with partial or radical nephrectomy. Using an instrumental variable approach to account for measured and unmeasured differences between treatment groups, we fit a two-stage residual inclusion model to estimate the treatment effect of partial nephrectomy on long-term survival. Main outcome measures Overall and kidney cancer-specific survival. Results Among 7,138 Medicare beneficiaries with early-stage kidney cancer, we identified 1,925 (27.0%) patients treated with partial nephrectomy, and 5,213 (73.0%) patients treated with radical nephrectomy. During a median follow-up of 62 months, 487 (25.3%) and 2,164 (41.5%) patients died following partial or radical nephrectomy, respectively. Kidney cancer was the cause of death for 37 (1.9%) patients treated with partial nephrectomy, and 222 (4.3%) patients treated with radical nephrectomy. Patients treated with partial nephrectomy had a significantly lower risk of death (HR 0.54, 95% CI 0.34-0.85). This corresponded to a predicted survival increase with partial nephrectomy of 5.6 (95% CI 1.9-9.3), 11.8 (95% CI 3.9-19.7), and 15.5 (95% CI 5.0-26.0) percentage points at 2-, 5-, and 8-years post-treatment (p<0.001). No difference was noted in kidney cancer-specific survival (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0

  2. Can right-sided hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomy be advocated above standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: a randomized pilot study.

    PubMed

    Klop, Karel W J; Kok, Niels F M; Dols, Leonienke F C; Dor, Frank J M F; Tran, Khe T C; Terkivatan, Türkan; Weimar, Willem; Ijzermans, Jan N M

    2014-02-01

    Endoscopic techniques have contributed to early recovery and increased quality of life (QOL) of live kidney donors. However, laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) may have its limitations, and hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomy (HARP) has been introduced, mainly as a potentially safer alternative. In a randomized fashion, we explored the feasibility and potential benefits of HARP for right-sided donor nephrectomy in a referral center with longstanding expertise on the standard laparoscopic approach. Forty donors were randomly assigned to either LDN or HARP. Primary outcome was operating time, and secondary outcomes included QOL, complications, pain, morphine requirement, blood loss, warm ischemia time, and hospital stay. Follow-up time was 1 year. Skin-to-skin time did not significantly differ between both groups (162 vs. 158 min, P = 0.98). As compared to LDN, HARP resulted in a shorter warm ischemia time (2.8 vs. 3.9 min, P < 0.001) and increased blood loss (187 vs. 50 ml, P < 0.001). QOL, complication rate, pain, or hospital stay was not significantly different between the groups. Right-sided HARP is feasible but does not confer clear benefits over standard right-sided LDN yet. Further studies should explore the value of HARP in difficult cases such as the obese donor and the value of HARP for transplantation centers starting a live kidney donation program (Dutch Trial Register number: NTR3096). Nevertheless, HARP is a valuable addition to the surgical armamentarium in live donor surgery.

  3. Association of Urine Dipstick Proteinuria and Postoperative Renal Function Following Robotic Partial Nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Krane, Louis S; Heavner, Matthew G; Peyton, Charles; Rague, James T; Hemal, Ashok K

    2016-05-01

    In patients with normal estimated renal function before robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RPN), there is still a risk for de Novo chronic kidney disease (CKD). We assessed the role of dipstick spot proteinuria in risk stratifying patients for CKD progression. From our prospectively maintained, institutional review board-approved database of patients undergoing RPN, we queried those with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 and bilateral functional units. We assessed proteinuria through dipstick (trace or above) on voided urine in preoperative urologic appointment <3 weeks before RPN. Proteinuric patients were compared with the remainder of the cohort with parametric comparisons for continuous and chi-squared analysis for categoric variables. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed assessing the risk of de Novo CKD stage III development, estimated by the CKD-EPI equation. We found 269 patients with eGFR >60 preoperatively, of whom 57 (21%) had proteinuria preoperatively. In univariate analysis, these patients were more likely to be diabetic (p = 0.023) and to be on an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker (p = 0.001) but had similar age (p = 0.13), body mass index (p = 0.09), and tumor size (p = 0.56) with similar rates of hypertension (p = 0.07). At a median 16 months, controlling for confounding variables, preoperative proteinuria on urinary dipstick was associated with a 2.3× (95% confidence interval 1.03-4.95) increased risk of de Novo CKD stage III progression. Patients with proteinuria preoperatively, despite a normal eGFR, likely have intrinsic medicorenal disease. These patients should be counseled preoperatively that they have a higher risk of CKD progression following RPN.

  4. Anaphylactic Shock After Intravenous Administration of Indocyanine Green During Robotic Partial Nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Chu, William; Chennamsetty, Avinash; Toroussian, Robert; Lau, Clayton

    2017-05-01

    Indocyanine Green (ICG) is frequently used during urologic robotic procedures and is generally considered to be safe. However, there are reported cases of severe complications from ICG when used for non-urologic purposes. We present the first case to our knowledge of anaphylactic shock in response to intravenous ICG during a robotic partial nephrectomy.

  5. [Compound Huang Gan delays chronic renal failure after 5/6 nephrectomy in rats].

    PubMed

    Xiao, Xiaoyan; Mo, Liqian; Song, Shaolian; Qin, Min; Yang, Xixiao

    2014-11-01

    To observe the effect of compound Huang Gan in delaying chronic renal failure in rats after 5/6 nephrectomy and explore the possible mechanisms. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to was used identify the components of compound Huang Gan extract. Rat models of 5/6 nephrectomy received a 12-week treatment with intragastric administration of Niaoduqing, Cozaar, or compound Huang Gan at low, moderate or high doses (n=10). After the treatments, the rats were sacrificed for detecting Scr, BUN, Ucr and 24h UPr , pathological examination of the renal tissues, and determination of FN, MCP-1, and ICAM-1 expression levels in the renal tissues using RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The major chemical components of compound Huang Gan extract included glycyrrhizin (0.61%), paeonol (1.2%), aloe emodin (0.72%), rhein (0.85%), emodin (0.87%), chrysophanol (0.79%) and physcion (0.8%). Treatment with compound Huang Gan at low, moderate and high doses significantly reduced Scr, BUN, Ucr , Ccr and 24 h UPr levels (P(P<0.05), improved interstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis, and reduced FN and ICAM-1 expressions (P(P<0.05) in rats following nephrectomy. Compound Huang Gan can improve the renal function and lessen glomerulosclerosis and renal interstitial fibrosis to delay the progression of chronic renal failure in rat models of 5/6 nephrectomy.

  6. Laparoscopic vs open donor nephrectomy: Lessons learnt from single academic center experience

    PubMed Central

    Tsoulfas, Georgios; Agorastou, Polyxeni; Ko, Dicken S C; Hertl, Martin; Elias, Nahel; Cosimi, AB; Kawai, Tatsuo

    2017-01-01

    AIM To compare laparoscopic and open living donor nephrectomy, based on the results from a single center during a decade. METHODS This is a retrospective review of all living donor nephrectomies performed at the Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, between 1/1998 - 12/2009. Overall there were 490 living donors, with 279 undergoing laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN) and 211 undergoing open donor nephrectomy (OLDN). Demographic data, operating room time, the effect of the learning curve, the number of conversions from laparoscopic to open surgery, donor preoperative glomerular filtration rate and creatinine (Cr), donor and recipient postoperative Cr, delayed graft function and donor complications were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS Overall there was no statistically significant difference between the LLDN and the OLDN groups regarding operating time, donor preoperative renal function, donor and recipient postoperative kidney function, delayed graft function or the incidence of major complications. When the last 100 laparoscopic cases were analyzed, there was a statistically significant difference regarding operating time in favor of the LLDN, pointing out the importance of the learning curve. Furthermore, another significant difference between the two groups was the decreased length of stay for the LLDN (2.87 d for LLDN vs 3.6 d for OLDN). CONCLUSION Recognizing the importance of the learning curve, this paper provides evidence that LLDN has a safety profile comparable to OLDN and decreased length of stay for the donor. PMID:28101451

  7. Spontaneous regression of hepatic metastases after nephrectomy and metastasectomy of renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Wyczólkowski, M; Klima, W; Bieda, W; Walas, K

    2001-01-01

    We report a case of clear cell carcinoma of the kidney with multifocal metastases to the lymph nodes, vagina and liver. Spontaneous regression of liver metastasis has been described after nephrectomy. Surgical management of primary and metastatic tumors should be considered in all patients with renal cell carcinoma. Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

  8. Hypernephroma Presenting with Cutaneous Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis and Lupus Anticoagulant: Resolution after Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Murray, Nigel P.; Ruíz, Amparo; Reyes, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    Hypernephroma can present as a variety of paraneoplastic, nonmetastatic conditions, including vasculitis, and rarely a lupus-type anticoagulant. Nephrectomy leads to the resolution of the systemic complaints. Malignancy, in this case hypernephroma, can present as an immune-mediated paraneoplastic syndrome which resolves after removal of the underlying tumor. PMID:22919534

  9. Use of near infrared fluorescence during robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Cornejo-Dávila, V; Nazmy, M; Kella, N; Palmeros-Rodríguez, M A; Morales-Montor, J G; Pacheco-Gahbler, C

    2016-04-01

    Partial nephrectomy is the treatment of choice for T1a tumours. The open approach is still the standard method. Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery offers advantages that are applicable to partial nephrectomy, such as the use of the Firefly® system with near-infrared fluorescence. To demonstrate the implementation of fluorescence in nephron-sparing surgery. This case concerned a 37-year-old female smoker, with obesity. The patient had a right kidney tumour measuring 31 mm, which was found using tomography. She therefore underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, with a warm ischaemia time of 22 minutes and the use of fluorescence with the Firefly® system to guide the resection. There were no complications. The tumour was a pT1aN0M0 renal cell carcinoma, with negative margins. Robot-assisted renal laparoscopic surgery is employed for nephron-sparing surgery, with good oncological and functional results. The combination of the Firefly® technology and intraoperative ultrasound can more accurately delimit the extent of the lesion, increase the negative margins and decrease the ischaemia time. Near-infrared fluorescence in robot-assisted partial nephrectomy is useful for guiding the tumour resection and can potentially improve the oncological and functional results. Copyright © 2015 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  10. Percutaneous injection of fibrin glue for persistent nephrocutaneous fistula after partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Bradford, Timothy J; Wolf, J Stuart

    2005-04-01

    We report a case of persistent urinary leak of nearly 4 months' duration after open surgical partial nephrectomy. The urinary leak was refractory to ureteral stenting, urethral catheter placement, and ureteroscopic fulguration. Fibrin glue was injected percutaneously under fluoroscopic guidance into the nephrocutaneous fistula tract, which resulted in its prompt and complete resolution.

  11. Mannitol has no impact on renal function after open partial nephrectomy in solitary kidneys.

    PubMed

    Omae, Kenji; Kondo, Tsunenori; Takagi, Toshio; Iizuka, Junpei; Kobayashi, Hirohito; Hashimoto, Yasunobu; Tanabe, Kazunari

    2014-02-01

    Mannitol has been administered during partial nephrectomy as a renal protective agent for ischemic damage. However, we do not have any high-level clinical evidence of its effectiveness. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of mannitol during open partial nephrectomy by comparing the postoperative renal function of patients who received it and those who did not. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 55 patients who underwent open partial nephrectomy for renal cancer in a solitary kidney from January 1990 to December 2012, and who were followed up postoperatively for at least 6 months. Of the 55 patients, mannitol was given to 20 patients (group M+) and not to the other 35 patients (group M-). We compared not only the postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate, but also its decrease rate and the incidence of acute kidney injury requiring dialysis in the two groups. There were no significant differences in perioperative patient characteristics between the two groups. Mannitol made no significant difference in both the postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate and its decrease rate at any point within 6 months of the postoperative period. The incidence of acute kidney injury requiring dialysis was one (5.0%) in group M+ and two (5.7%) in group M-. These findings suggest that there might be no advantage from the administration of mannitol during open partial nephrectomy.

  12. Simultaneous Native Nephrectomy and Kidney Transplantation in Patients With Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

    PubMed Central

    Veroux, Massimiliano; Zerbo, Domenico; Basile, Giusi; Gozzo, Cecilia; Sinagra, Nunziata; Giaquinta, Alessia; Sanfiorenzo, Angelo; Veroux, Pierfrancesco

    2016-01-01

    Introduction To evaluate the feasibility of simultaneous unilateral nephrectomy with kidney transplantation and to determine the effect of this procedure on perioperative morbidity and mortality and graft and patient survival. Methods Between January 2000 and May 2015, 145 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) underwent kidney transplantation. Of those, 40 (27.5%) underwent concurrent ipsilateral native nephrectomy (group NT). Patients in group NT were compared with patients with ADPKD not undergoing concurrent nephrectomy (group NT-) and asymptomatic patients undergoing pretransplant nephrectomy (group PNT). Results The average follow-up was 66 months. The graft survival rate at 1 and 5 years was 95% and 87.5% versus 93% and 76.2% in the NT and NT- groups, respectively (P = .903 and P = .544, respectively); 1-year patient survival was 100% for NT and 97% for NT- patients (P = .288), whereas 5-year patient survival was 100% and 92% for NT and NT- groups, respectively (P = .128). After propensity score matching (34 patients per group) no significant differences were observed in 1-year (97.1% in NT and 94.1%; P = 1) and 5-year (88.2% in NT and 91.2% in NT-; P = 1) graft survival, and in 1-year (100% for both groups; P = 1) and 5-year (100% in NT and 94.1% in NT-; P = 1) patient survival. Perioperative mortality was 0% among NT and 1.2% among NT- patients, whereas perioperative surgical complications were similar in both groups. One- and 5-year graft and patient survival were similar between the NT and PNT groups, but patients in the PNT group had significantly lower levels of hemoglobin and residual diuresis volumes at the time of transplant. Moreover, PNT patients had a longer pretransplant dialysis and a longer time on the waiting list. Conclusions Simultaneous unilateral nephrectomy does not have a negative effect on patient and graft survival in patients with ADPKD and is associated with low morbidity. Pretransplant nephrectomy should

  13. Are renal tumour scoring systems better than clinical judgement at predicting partial nephrectomy complexity?

    PubMed

    Kumar, Ravi M; Lavallée, Luke T; Desantis, Darren; Cnossen, Sonya; Mallick, Ranjeeta; Cagiannos, Ilias; Morash, Chris; Breau, Rodney H

    2017-06-01

    We aimed to determine how renal tumour scoring systems, such as RENAL, PADUA, and Centrality (C)-index, compare to clinical judgement at predicting time required for tumour removal and kidney reconstruction during partial nephrectomy. A consecutive cohort of partial nephrectomy patients treated at The Ottawa Hospital, a tertiary care uro-oncological centre, was retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative axial images were reviewed by four experienced urological oncologists who independently rated the complexity of a partial nephrectomy from 1-10 to generate a clinical judgement score. Two independent reviewers determined the RENAL, PADUA, and C-index scores. The time to complete tumour resection and renal reconstruction during partial nephrectomy was prospectively recorded. During the study period, 104 partial nephrectomies were performed. The mean partial nephrectomy complexity score based on clinical judgement was 3.4 (standard deviation [SD] 2.1) out of 10. There was good agreement between surgeons in assessing tumour complexity (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.65, 0.78). The mean RENAL score was 6.7 (SD 1.6) out of a maximum of 12, the mean PADUA score was 8.5 (SD 1.5) out of a maximum of 14, and the mean C-index score was 3.8 (SD 2). Mean resection and reconstruction time was 24 minutes (SD 10 minutes). The correlation between clinical judgement score and time was 0.27 (p=0.005). The correlation between renal tumour scoring systems and time was 0.20 (p=0.04) for RENAL, 0.21 (p=0.03) for C-index, and 0.26 (p=0.007) for PADUA. RENAL and PADUA scores were significantly associated with surgical and total complications. The majority of variance in ischemia time is not explained by clinical judgement or renal tumour scoring systems. Renal tumour scoring systems were not better than the clinical judgement of urological oncologists at predicting ischemia time during partial nephrectomy.

  14. Maximal kidney length predicts need for native nephrectomy in ADPKD patients undergoing renal transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Cristea, Octav; Yanko, Daniel; Felbel, Sarah; House, Andrew; Sener, Alp; Luke, Patrick P.W.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Native nephrectomy in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is performed on a case-by-case basis. We determine if pre-transplant maximal kidney length (MKL) can be used to predict ultimate nephrectomy status. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of ADPKD patients who underwent renal transplantation at our centre between January 2000 and December 2012. Pre-transplant measurements of MKL alone, MKL adjusted for height (HtMKL), weight (WtMKL) and body mass index (BMI-MKL) were each assessed for their predictive ability via a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: In total, 84 patients met our inclusion criteria, of which 17 (20.2%) underwent native nephrectomy. An MKL ROC curve analysis revealed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.867 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.775–0.931; p < 0.001). An optimal cutoff criterion of >21.5 cm revealed a sensitivity of 94.1% (95% CI 71.3–99.9) and specificity of 70.1% (95% CI 57.7–80.7) for eventual nephrectomy. The AUC of HtMKL, WtMKL and BMI-MKL ROC curves did not differ significantly from MKL alone. HtMKL improved specificity, but not overall test performance. The determination of the cut-off MKL may be influenced by the single-centre retrospective nature of this analysis, as well as the fact that renal size was determined by ultrasound and not computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Conclusion: MKL in patients with ADPKD is associated with the eventual need for nephrectomy and may be a useful clinical tool to risk stratify these patients and therefore guide patient conversations to a decision to leave the native kidneys in situ. PMID:25210553

  15. [Cost comparison of open and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy in treatment of renal tumor].

    PubMed

    Abd El Fattah, V; Chevrot, A; Meusy, A; Mercier, G; Wagner, L; Soustelle, L; Boukaram, M; Thuret, R; Costa, P; Droupy, S

    2016-04-01

    Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy rapidly took on among urologists, even though studies showing its superiority over other techniques are still scarce and its costs hard to evaluate, especially in the French medical system. To evaluate the cost overrun of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy compared to that of open partial nephrectomy. From January 2010 to December 2013, 77 patients underwent a partial nephrectomy, 46 of which by robot-assisted laparoscopy and the remaining 31 by lombotomy. The two groups were similar in composition. Economic data regarding the staff, the consumables and the premises involved have been analyzed. Costs are significantly higher in the NPR group (9253.21 euros vs. 7448.42 euros) due to higher consumable expenses as well as the costs pertaining to the amortization and maintenance of the robot. Yet, that difference tends to diminish as the duration of the experiment increases. No significant difference was found in warm ischemia times, operation duration and renal function a month after the operation. On the other hand, patients from the NPR group spent a significantly smaller amount of time in recovery room (159 minutes vs. 205 minutes, P=0.004), presented fewer complications and were discharged faster (6.1 days vs. 8.1 days, P=0.04). To be profitable for the hospital in the French GHS system, robot-assisted partial nephrectomy must take place in a complex where at least 300 robot-assisted interventions are performed annually, in the framework of a hospitalization lasting four days or less, the use of a single needle holder and no systematic use of a haemostatic agent. 4. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. Perioperative Outcomes Following Partial Nephrectomy Performed on Patients Remaining on Antiplatelet Therapy.

    PubMed

    Ito, Timothy; Derweesh, Ithaar H; Ginzburg, Serge; Abbosh, Philip H; Raheem, Omer A; Mirheydar, Hossein; Hamilton, Zachary; Chen, David Y T; Smaldone, Marc C; Greenberg, Richard E; Viterbo, Rosalia; Kutikov, Alexander; Uzzo, Robert G

    2017-01-01

    We evaluated the risk of bleeding complications in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy in whom perioperative antiplatelet therapy was continued, as antiplatelet therapy is increasingly used and hemorrhage is a significant concern in partial nephrectomy. In this 2-center retrospective analysis 1,097 patients underwent partial nephrectomy between 2000 and 2014. The cohort was split into 3 groups of perioperative continuation of antiplatelet therapy (group 1-67), antiplatelet therapy stopped preoperatively (group 2-254) and no chronic antiplatelet therapy (group 3-776). Bleeding complications were defined as any transfusion, or any hospital readmission or secondary procedure performed for hemorrhage. Multivariable analysis was performed to elucidate independent risk factors for bleeding complications. Patients in group 1 were older (median age 66 years vs 64 and 57 years in groups 2/3, p <0.0001), and had greater comorbidity (median ASA classification score 3 vs 2 and 2, p <0.0001). Group 1 had a higher rate of bleeding complications (20.9% vs 7.1% and 6.4%, p <0.0001) and transfusions (16.4% vs 5.9% and 5.4%, p=0.002). Multivariable analysis revealed continued antiplatelet therapy was an independent predictor of bleeding complications (OR 2.19, 95% CI 1.06-4.51, p=0.03). These findings appear attributable to intraoperative clopidogrel use. On multivariable analysis the use of aspirin alone was not associated with bleeding complications (OR 1.64, 95% CI 0.72-3.75, p=0.24). The risk of bleeding complications due to antiplatelet therapy use at partial nephrectomy may be due to clopidogrel. The need to continue perioperative aspirin alone does not appear to be a contraindication to the safe performance of partial nephrectomy. Copyright © 2017 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Laparoendoscopic single-site partial nephrectomy without hilar clamping using a microwave tissue coagulator.

    PubMed

    Kawai, Noriyasu; Yasui, Takahiro; Umemoto, Yukihiro; Kubota, Yasue; Mizuno, Kentaro; Okada, Atsushi; Ando, Ryosuke; Tozawa, Keiichi; Hayashi, Yutaro; Kohri, Kenjiro

    2014-02-01

    To report our initial experience and evaluate the possibility of nonhilar clamp laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) partial nephrectomy by using a microwave tissue coagulator. From December 2010 to May 2012, all patients with an exophytic, solitary, enhancing small (≤4.0 cm) renal mass were chosen to receive the study treatment. A multichannel port provided both a retroperitoneal and transperitoneal approach. A rigid, articulating apparatus was used to perform dissection, exposure of tumor, tissue coagulation, and resection without hilar clamping. Pathologic and hematologic data, subjective evaluation of pain, and scar appearance were analyzed. Nonhilar clamp LESS partial nephrectomy by using a microwave tissue coagulator was performed in seven patients (mean operative time, 208 min; mean blood loss, 39 mL; mean renal mass size, 1.7 cm); one procedure with uncontrolled bleeding needed to be converted to conventional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. No transfusion was necessary. Pathologic investigation demonstrated six renal-cell carcinomas and one oncocytoma. The hemoglobin level decreased by a mean of 1.1 g/dL. Patients did not complain about pain, and they had great satisfaction with the results. The mean duration of hospital stay was 13.8 days. LESS partial nephrectomy without hilar clamping by using a microwave tissue coagulator is possible for renal masses, confers postoperative outcomes comparable to the standard counterpart, and assures patient satisfaction. By use of a microwave tissue coagulator, additional trocars were not necessary, and LESS partial nephrectomy could be accomplished through a single port, which reduced invasion and increased the cosmetic satisfaction of the patients.

  18. Increased early graft failure in right-sided living donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Hsu, John W; Reese, Peter P; Naji, Ali; Levine, Matthew H; Abt, Peter L

    2011-01-15

    Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) is well established; however, there is concern about early graft loss because of technical issues with right-sided LDN. Prior studies on the subject were mostly single centered and not powered to detect clinically significant differences in allograft failure. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of recipients of live donor kidney transplants using national registry data. The primary endpoint was 90-day allograft failure. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were stratified as overall live donor transplantation, transplantation after LDN, and transplantation after open donor nephrectomy (ODN). Between 2001 and 2006, a total of 2555 right LDNs, 25,387 left LDNs, 2496 right ODNs, and 5552 left ODNs were performed. For the entire cohort compared with ODN, LDN was not associated with early allograft loss (odds ratio [OR]=0.94, P=0.4); however, right-sided nephrectomy increased the risk of allograft loss (OR=1.49, P<0.01). When stratified by procedure type, right LDN (OR=1.58, P<0.01) and right ODN (OR=1.38, P=0.02) demonstrated an association with increased risk of graft failure compared with the left side. The observed risk of allograft failure with right-sided LDN was 3.8% vs. 2.5% with left-sided LDN. Right-sided donor nephrectomy is associated with a small increased risk of allograft failure regardless of open or laparoscopic approach. However, the low observed risk of allograft failure with right-sided nephrectomy suggests that recovering the right kidney is a reasonable option for donors with contraindications for donating the left kidney.

  19. Percutaneous Cryoablation vs Partial Nephrectomy: Cost Comparison of T1a Tumors.

    PubMed

    Chehab, Monzer; Friedlander, Joshua A; Handel, Jeremy; Vartanian, Stephen; Krishnan, Anant; Wong, Ching-Yee Oliver; Korman, Howard; Seifman, Brian; Ciacci, Joseph

    2016-02-01

    To compare cost of percutaneous cryoablation vs open and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy of T1a renal masses from the hospital perspective. We retrospectively compared cost, clinical and tumor data of 37 percutaneous cryoablations to 26 open and 102 robot-assisted partial nephrectomies. Total cost was the sum of direct and indirect cost of procedural and periprocedural variables. Clinical data included demographics, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), hospitalization time, complication rate, ICU admission rate, and 30-day readmission rates. Tumor data included size, RENAL nephrometry score, and malignancy rate. Student's t-test was used for continuous variables and Fisher's exact or chi-square tests for categorical data. Mean total cost was lower for percutaneous cryoablation than open or robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: $6067 vs $11392 or $11830 (p<0.0001) with lower cost of procedure room: $1516 vs $3272 or $3254 (p<0.0001), room and board: $95 vs $1907 or $1106 (p<0.0001), anesthesia: $684 vs $1223 or $1468 (p<0.0001), and laboratory/pathology fees: $205 vs $804 or $720 (p<0.0001). Supply and device cost was higher than open: $2596 vs $1352 (p<0.0001), but lower than robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: $3207 (p=0.002). Mean hospitalization times were lower for percutaneous cryoablation (p<0.0001), while age and CCI were higher (p<0.0001). No differences in tumor size, nephrometry score, malignancy rate complication, ICU, or 30-day readmission rates were observed. Percutaneous cryoablation can be performed at significantly lower cost than open and robotic partial nephrectomies for similar masses.

  20. Laparoscopic retroperitoneal live donor right nephrectomy for purposes of allotransplantation and autotransplantation.

    PubMed

    Gill, I S; Uzzo, R G; Hobart, M G; Streem, S B; Goldfarb, D A; Noble, M J

    2000-11-01

    We report the technique of and initial experience with retroperitoneal laparoscopic live donor right nephrectomy for purposes of renal allotransplantation and autotransplantation. A total of 5 patients underwent retroperitoneoscopic live donor nephrectomy of the right kidney for autotransplantation in 4 and living related renal donation in 1. Indications for autotransplantation included a large proximal ureteral tumor, a long distal ureteral stricture and 2 cases of the loin pain hematuria syndrome. In all cases a 3-port retroperitoneal laparoscopic approach and a pelvic muscle splitting Gibson incision for kidney extraction were used. In patients undergoing autotransplantation the same incision was used for subsequent transplantation. All procedures were successfully accomplished without technical or surgical complications. Total mean operating time was 5.8 hours and average laparoscopic donor nephrectomy time was 3.1 hours. Mean renal warm ischemia time, including endoscopic cross clamping of the renal artery to ex vivo cold perfusion, was 4 minutes. Average blood loss for the entire procedure was 400 cc. Radionuclide scan on postoperative day 1 confirmed good blood flow and function in all transplanted kidneys. Mean analgesic requirement was 58 mg. fentanyl. Mean hospital stay was 4 days (range 2 to 8), and convalescence was completed in 3 to 4 weeks. In the occasional patient requiring renal autotransplantation live donor nephrectomy can be performed laparoscopically with renal extraction and subsequent transplantation through a single standard extraperitoneal Gibson incision, thus, minimizing the overall operative morbidity. Furthermore, these data demonstrate that live donor nephrectomy of the right kidney can be performed safely using a retroperitoneal approach with an adequate length of the right renal vein obtained for allotransplantation or autotransplantation.

  1. Impact of warm versus cold ischemia on renal function following partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Eggener, Scott E; Clark, Melanie A; Shikanov, Sergey; Smith, Benjamin; Kaag, Matthew; Russo, Paul; Wheat, Jeffrey C; Wolf, J Stuart; Matin, Surena F; Huang, William C; Harel, Miriam; Cambio, Joseph; Shalhav, Arieh L; Raman, Jay D

    2015-03-01

    We evaluated renal function following partial nephrectomy with cold ischemia (CI) versus warm ischemia (WI). Data were collected from 1,396 patients at six institutions who underwent partial nephrectomy for a renal mass with normal contralateral kidney to evaluate percent change in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) at 3-18 months. A multivariate linear regression model tested the association of percent change GFR with clinical, operative, and pathologic factors. A total of 874 patients (63 %) underwent PN with CI and 522 (37 %) with WI. All patients undergoing laparoscopic and robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (n = 443) had WI, whereas 92 % of open partial nephrectomy patients (n = 953) had CI. The CI group had a lower mean baseline GFR (72 vs. 80 ml/min/1.73 m(2)), longer median ischemia time (33 vs. 29 min), and larger mean tumor size (3.2 vs. 2.9 cm) with more advanced pathologic stage (T1b-T3: 25 vs. 16 %) (all p values <0.001). Patients with CI and WI demonstrated 12.3 and 10.1 % reductions in renal function from baseline, respectively (p = 0.067). Increasing age, female gender, and increasing tumor size were associated with reduction in renal function (all p values <0.001). Neither renal hypothermia nor operative technique independently predicted reduced renal function. Sensitivity analyses limited to ischemia time >30 min, baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), or tumors >4 cm did not significantly alter the findings. Increasing age, female gender, and larger tumor size independently predict a decrease in renal function following partial nephrectomy with a normal contralateral kidney. Within the limitations of a non-randomized comparison, including lack of parenchymal preservation percentage, neither surgical approach (open or laparoscopic) nor presence of hypothermia appears to be associated with long-term renal function.

  2. Five-year follow up of a randomised controlled trial comparing subtotal with total abdominal hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Andersen, L L; Zobbe, V; Ottesen, B; Gluud, C; Tabor, A; Gimbel, H

    2015-05-01

    To compare the rates of urinary incontinence (UI) and other complications of subtotal abdominal hysterectomy (SAH) with total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) at 5 years after surgery. Randomised clinical trial with central, computer-generated randomisation. Danish multi-centre trial performed in 11 departments of gynaecology. Women referred with benign uterine diseases scheduled for abdominal hysterectomy. Women were randomised to either SAH (n = 161) or TAH (n = 158). Follow-up data were collected from participants using postal questionnaires sent out 5 years after surgery. Complications of hysterectomy were further examined by scrutinising registered discharge summaries following hospitalisation. Intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses were conducted. Potential bias caused by missing data was handled using multiple imputation. The primary outcome was UI. Secondary outcomes included constipation, prolapse of the vaginal vault or cervical stump, satisfaction with sexual life, pelvic pain, postoperative complications and vaginal bleeding. The response rate was 234/319 (73.4%). A significantly higher proportion of respondents had urinary incontinence 5 years after SAH 34/113 (30.1%) than TAH 21/119 (17.6%) (RR 1.71, 95% confidence interval 1.06-2.75, P = 0.026). This difference reduced after multiple imputation to account for missing data (RR 1.37, 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.89, P = 0.052). Eleven of the 101 women (11%) in the SAH group still experienced vaginal bleeding. No other differences were found between the two types of abdominal hysterectomy. A smaller proportion of women suffered from UI after TAH than after SAH 5 years postoperatively. Around one in ten women continued to experience vaginal bleeding 5 years after SAH. © 2014 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

  3. A 23-year-old patient with secondary tumoral calcinosis: Regression after subtotal parathyroidectomy

    PubMed Central

    Niemann, Katharina E.; Kröpil, Feride; Hoffmann, Martin F.; Coulibaly, Marlon O.; Schildhauer, Thomas A.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Tumoral calcinosis (TC) is a rare disorder defined by hyperphosphatemia and ectopic calcifications in various locations. The most common form of TC is associated with disorders such as renal insufficiency, hyperparathyroidism, or hypervitaminosis D. The primary (hereditary) TC is caused by inactivating mutations in either the fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), the GalNAc transferase 3 (GALNT3) or the KLOTHO (KL) gene. Presentation of case We report here a case of secondary TC in end-stage renal disease. The patient was on regular hemodialysis and presented with severe painful soft-tissue calcifications around her left hip and shoulder that had been increasing over the last two years. Initially, she was treated with dietary phosphate restriction and phosphate binders. Because of high phosphate blood levels, which were not yet managed with dialysis and medical therapy, a subtotal parathyroidectomy (sP) was performed. This approach demonstrated significant response. Three months after surgery a rapid regression of the tumors was observed. Disscusion Regardless of the etiology, the two types of TC do not differ in their radiologic or histopathologic presentations but need to be diagnosed correctly to initiate targeted and effective treatment. Considering the primary TC, primary treatment is early and complete surgical excision. In case of secondary TC surgical excision of the tumoral masses should be avoid because of extensive complications. These patients benefit from sP. Conclusion After initial conservative therapy chronic kidney disease patients with TC might benefit from sP to avoid prolonged suffering and potential mutilations. PMID:27088846

  4. Long-term changes in parathyroid function after subtotal thyroidectomy for graves' disease.

    PubMed

    Yano, Yukiko; Nagahama, Mitsuji; Sugino, Kiminori; Ito, Kunihiko; Ito, Koichi

    2008-12-01

    Transient hypocalcemia is one of the postoperative complications of thyroidectomy for Graves' disease, and perioperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) assays are used to predict postoperative hypocalcemia. We evaluated long-term changes in parathyroid function after surgery for Graves' disease. Serum PTH values were measured in Graves' patients with postoperative hypocalcemia, and those patients were followed postoperatively. Subtotal thyroidectomy was performed in 275 patients with Graves' disease. Their serum calcium levels were measured on postoperative day (POD) 1, and patients with transient postoperative hypocalcemia were treated with calcium and vitamin D supplementation and followed up. The amount of calcium and vitamin D supplementation was adjusted to keep the patient's serum calcium level within the normal range. Measurement of their serum intact PTH value on POD 1 revealed normal value in 18 patients, a below normal level in 22, and an above normal level in the other 2. During the follow-up period, the serum iPTH values remained normal in 12 patients, recovered to the normal level in 21 patients, and rose above the normal range in 9 patients. The serum iPTH values of all patients eventually reached the normal range during the follow-up period. A marked difference in preoperative serum alkaline phosphatase concentration was observed between the high-iPTH patients and the normocalcemic patients. The phenomenon of an elevated serum PTH level after surgery for Graves' disease was observed in 21% of the patients with postoperative hypocalcemia despite the achievement of normal serum calcium levels by calcium and vitamin D supplementation.

  5. Laparoscopic modified subtotal cholecystectomy for difficult gall bladders: A single-centre experience

    PubMed Central

    Harilingam, Mohan Raj; Shrestha, Ashish Kiran; Basu, Sanjoy

    2016-01-01

    AIM: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is considered the ‘gold standard’ intervention for gall bladder (GB) diseases. However, to avoid serious biliovascular injury, conversion is advocated for distorted anatomy at the Calot's triangle. The aim is to find out whether our technique of laparoscopic modified subtotal cholecystectomy (LMSC) is suitable, with an acceptable morbidity and outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 993 consecutive patients who underwent cholecystectomy was done at a large District General Hospital (DGH) between August 2007 and January 2015. The data are as follows: Patient's demographics, operative details including intra- and postoperative complications, postoperative stay including follow-up that was recorded and analysed. RESULTS: A total of 993 patients (263 males and 730 female) were included. The median age was 52*(18-89) years. Out of the 993 patients, 979 (98.5%) and 14 (1.5%) were listed for laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy, respectively. Of the 979 patients, 902 (92%) and 64 (6.5%) patients underwent LC ± on-table cholangiography (OTC) and LMSC ± OTC, respectively, with a median stay of 1* (0-15) days. Of the 64 patients, 55 (86%) had dense adhesions, 22 (34%) had acute inflammation, 19 (30%) had severe contraction, 12 (19%) had empyema, 7 (11%) had Mirizzi's syndrome and 2 (3%) had gangrenous GB. The mean operative time was 120 × (50-180) min [Table 1]. Six (12%) patients required endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) postoperatively, and there were four (6%) readmissions in a follow-up of 30 × (8-76) months. The remaining 13 (1.3%) patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy converted to an open cholecystectomy. The median stay for open/laparoscopic cholecystectomy converted to open cholecystectomy was 5 × (1-12) days. CONCLUSION: Our technique of LMSC avoided conversion in 6.5% patients and believe that it is feasible and safe for difficult GBs

  6. Lower urinary tract symptoms after subtotal versus total abdominal hysterectomy: exploratory analyses from a randomized clinical trial with a 14-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Andersen, Lea Laird; Møller, Lars Mikael Alling; Gimbel, Helga

    2015-12-01

    Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common after hysterectomy and increase after menopause. We aimed to compare subtotal with total abdominal hysterectomy regarding LUTS, including urinary incontinence (UI) subtypes, 14 years after hysterectomy. Main results from this randomized clinical trial have been published previously; the analyses covered in this paper are exploratory. We performed a long-term questionnaire follow-up of women in a randomized clinical trial (n = 319), from 1996 to 2000 comparing subtotal with total abdominal hysterectomy. Of the randomized women, ten had died and five had left Denmark; 304 women were contacted. For univariate analyses, a χ(2)-test was used, and for multivariate analyses, we used logistic regression. The questionnaire was answered by 197 (64.7 %) women (subtotal 97; total 100). More women had subjective stress UI (SUI) in the subtotal group (n = 60; 62.5 %) compared with the total group (n = 45; 45 %), with a relative risk (RR) of 1.39 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.06-1.81; P = 0.014]. No difference was seen between subtotal and total abdominal hysterectomy in other LUTS. Factors associated with UI were UI prior to hysterectomy, local estrogen treatment, and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m(2). High BMI was primarily associated with mixed UI (MUI) and urgency symptoms. Predictors of bothersome LUTS were UI and incomplete bladder emptying. The difference in the frequency of subjectively assessed UI between subtotal and total abdominal hysterectomy (published previously) is caused by a difference in subjectively assessed SUI; UI prior to hysterectomy and high BMI are related to UI 14 years after hysterectomy. The trial is registered on clinicaltrials.gov under Nykoebing Falster County Hospital Record sj-268: Total versus subtotal hysterectomy: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01880710?term=hysterectomy&rank=27.

  7. Robot-assisted laparoscopic versus open partial nephrectomy in patients with chronic kidney disease: A propensity score-matched comparative analysis of surgical outcomes.

    PubMed

    Takagi, Toshio; Kondo, Tsunenori; Tachibana, Hidekazu; Iizuka, Junpei; Omae, Kenji; Kobayashi, Hirohito; Yoshida, Kazuhiko; Tanabe, Kazunari

    2017-07-01

    To compare surgical outcomes between robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy in patients with chronic kidney disease. Of 550 patients who underwent partial nephrectomy between 2012 and 2015, 163 patients with T1-2 renal tumors who had an estimated glomerular filtration rate between 30 and 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) , and underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy or open partial nephrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. To minimize selection bias between the two surgical methods, patient variables were adjusted by 1:1 propensity score matching. The present study included 75 patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and 88 undergoing open partial nephrectomy. After propensity score matching, 40 patients were included in each operative group. The mean preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate was 49 mL/min/1.73 m(2) . The mean ischemia time was 21 min in robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (warm ischemia) and 35 min in open partial nephrectomy (cold ischemia). Preservation of the estimated glomerular filtration rate 3-6 months postoperatively was not significantly different between robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy (92% vs 91%, P = 0.9348). Estimated blood loss was significantly lower in the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group than in the open partial nephrectomy group (104 vs 185 mL, P = 0.0025). The postoperative length of hospital stay was shorter in the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group than in the open partial nephrectomy group (P < 0.0001). The prevalence of Clavien-Dindo grade 3 complications and a negative surgical margin status were not significantly different between the two groups. In our experience, robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy provide similar outcomes in terms of functional preservation and perioperative complications among patients with

  8. Anesthetic management of patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid antibodies syndrome for laparoscopic nephrectomy and cholecystectomy

    PubMed Central

    Khokhar, Rashid Saeed; Baaj, Jumana; Al-Saeed, Abdulhamid; Sheraz, Motasim

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of a female having systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid antibodies syndrome, who was on immunosuppressant therapy. We discussed the preoperative evaluation and perioperative management who underwent nephrectomy and cholecystectomy. PMID:25558207

  9. Segmental Subtotal Corpectomy and Reconstruction With Titanium Cage and Anterior Plate for Multilevel Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Tao; Guo, Ying; Hu, Naiwu; Chen, Limin; Wu, Yin; Wang, Yang; Liu, Libing; Zhao, Chengbin

    2016-11-01

    This retrospective study assessed the outcomes of segmental subtotal corpectomy with titanium cage reconstruction and anterior plate fixation for multilevel ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. The study included 34 patients with multilevel ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament who underwent segmental subtotal corpectomy with titanium cage reconstruction and anterior plate fixation from June 2005 to May 2011. Clinical and radiologic data were obtained. Neurologic function was evaluated by Japanese Orthopedic Association scores before and after surgery. No death, paralysis, or other surgically associated injuries occurred. After surgery, the bone graft fusion was firm, with no cases of lack of postoperative bone fusion, broken or loose titanium plate and screws, dislodged titanium cage, or injury to the vertebral artery, nerve root, or spinal cord. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in 2 cases. Japanese Orthopedic Association scores improved from 6.74±1.82 preoperatively to 11.33±3.5 postoperatively (P<.05). Neurologic outcomes were excellent or good in 84.21% of patients at follow-up of 1 to 6 years. No postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred. Reasonable and skilled operation of the pneumatic drill is the key to successful surgery. Anterior corpectomy with titanium cage reconstruction and plate fixation and drilling applications can directly remove the hypertrophy and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament and relieve spinal cord compression. This technique retained the integrity of the vertebrae, increasing the possibility of bone graft healing. Segmental subtotal corpectomy with titanium cage reconstruction and anterior plate fixation can be used for the treatment of multilevel ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. [Orthopedics. 2016; 39(6):e1140-e1146.].

  10. [Assessment of long-term renal function after nephrectomy. Study of 53 patients].

    PubMed

    Galindo Sacristán, Pilar; Osuna Ortega, Antonio; Martínez Sánchez, Teresa; Palomares Bayo, Magdalena; Osorio Moratalla, José Manuel; Asensio Peinado, Concepción

    2005-06-18

    Patients with unilateral nephrectomy maintain the remaining kidney function over time, as it has been described in healthy kidney donors. We performed a cross-sectional study of 53 patients who were followed 5 or more years after nephrectomy. Serum creatinine, BUN, Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) (24 hours urine collection and Cockcroft formula), microalbuminuria, proteinuria, Body Mass Index and the annual loss rate of renal function were measured or calculated over the follow-up period. We retrospectively considered the presence of risk factors like diabetes, hypertension, microalbuminuria, dyslipemia, smoking habit, obesity and ACE inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor antagonists treatment. We divided our patients into two groups: group I (normal or mild renal failure: GFR > 50 cc/min and or serum creatinine < 1.4 mg/dL) and group II (moderate or severe renal failure). The main cause of nephrectomy was renal tuberculosis, followed by lithiasis and pyonephrosis. In addition, 7.5% of patients were kidney donors. At the time of study, 22.7% had diabetes, 60.4% hypertension and 39.6% were obese. The mean age was 60 years (37 years at the moment of nephrectomy). The GFR final mean was 53.6 cc/min (58.8 cc/min by Cockcroft formula). The mean renal function loss rate was 1 cc/min/year. 35% of the patients had moderate or severe kidney failure and were included in group II; 32% had proteinuria and 56.6% had abnormal microalbuminuria. The univariate risk factors analysis for the development of renal failure showed inter-group statistical significative differences in current age, nephrectomy age, microalbuminuria, proteinuria, and hypertension prevalence (p = 0.008). With regard to the progression rate, we found a significant correlation with final microalbuminuria (r = 0.358, p = 0.03). Current age and final proteinuria were found to be significant risk factors in the multivariate analysis. A high prevalence of renal insufficiency was found among patients with unilateral

  11. Ginger Essence Effect on Nausea and Vomiting After Open and Laparoscopic Nephrectomies

    PubMed Central

    Hosseini, Fatemeh Sadat; Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen

    2015-01-01

    Background: Some studies reported that ginger was effective in prevention or treatment of post-surgical nausea and vomiting; however, there are controversies. In addition, no study compared the effects of ginger on nausea and vomiting after open and laparoscopic nephrectomies. Objectives: The current study aimed to compare the effect of ginger essence on nausea and vomiting after open versus laparoscopic nephrectomies. Patients and Methods: A randomized, placebo trial was conducted on two groups of patients, 50 open and 50 laparoscopic nephrectomy. Half of the subjects in each group received ginger essence and the other half received placebo. Using a visual analogue scale the severity of nausea was assessed every 15 minutes for the first two post-operative hours and the sixth hour. Frequency of vomiting was counted until the sixth hour. The placebo subgroups were treated similarly. Descriptive statistics were employed. Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests, paired and independent samples t-test and repeated measure analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. Results: Repeated measure analysis of variance showed that the type of surgery and the type of intervention as factors had significant effects on the nausea severity scores in the nine successive measurements (P < 0.001). In the first two post-operative hours, the mean vomiting episodes was 2.92 ± 0.70 in the subjects who underwent open surgery and received placebo while it was 0.16 ± 0.37 in patients with the same surgery but receiving ginger essence (P = 0.001). The mean vomiting episodes was 6.0 ± 1.33 in the subjects who underwent laparoscopic surgery and received placebo while it was 1.39 ± 0.78 in patients with the same surgery but receiving ginger essence (P = 0.001). Conclusions: Using ginger essence was effective in reducing nausea and vomiting not only in the subjects who underwent open nephrectomy but also in the subjects of laparoscopic nephrectomy. Using ginger essence is suggested as a

  12. Elective partial nephrectomy is equivalent to radical nephrectomy in patients with clinical T1 renal cell carcinoma: results of a retrospective, comparative, multi-institutional study.

    PubMed

    Antonelli, Alessandro; Ficarra, Vincenzo; Bertini, Roberto; Carini, Marco; Carmignani, Giorgio; Corti, Serena; Longo, Nicola; Martorana, Giuseppe; Minervini, Andrea; Mirone, Vincenzo; Novara, Giacomo; Serni, Sergio; Simeone, Claudio; Simonato, Alchiede; Siracusano, Salvatore; Volpe, Alessandro; Zattoni, Filiberto; Cunico, Sergio Cosciani

    2012-04-01

    To compare the oncological outcomes of patients who underwent elective partial nephrectomy (PN) or radical nephrectomy (RN) for clinically organ-confined renal masses ≤7 cm in size (cT1). The records of 3480 patients with cT1N0M0 disease were extracted from a multi-institutional database and analyzed retrospectively. In patients who underwent PN, the risk of clinical understaging was 3.2% in cT1a cases and 10.6% in cT1b cases. With regard to the cT1a patients, the 5- and 10-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) estimates were 94.7% and 90.4%, respectively, after RN and 96.1% and 94.9%, respectively, after PN (log-rank test: P = 0.01). With regard to cT1b patients, the 5-year CSS probabilities were 92.6% after RN and 90% after PN, respectively (log-rank test: P = 0.89). Surgical treatment failed to be an independent predictor of CSS on multivariable analysis, both for cT1a and cT1b patients. Interestingly, PN was oncologically equivalent to RN also in patients with pT3a tumours (log-rank test: P = 0.91). Elective PN is not associated with an increased risk of recurrence and cancer-specific mortality in both cT1a and cT1b tumours. Data from the present study strongly support the use of partial nephrectomy in patients with clinically T1 tumours, according to the current recommendations of the international guidelines. © 2011 THE AUTHORS. BJU INTERNATIONAL © 2011 BJU INTERNATIONAL.

  13. Comparative effectiveness of adrenal sparing radical nephrectomy and non-adrenal sparing radical nephrectomy in clear cell renal cell carcinoma: Observational study of survival outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Nason, Gregory J.; Walsh, Leon G.; Redmond, Ciaran E.; Kelly, Niall P.; McGuire, Barry B.; Sharma, Vidit; Kelly, Michael E.; Galvin, David J.; Mulvin, David W.; Lennon, Gerald M.; Quinlan, David M.; Flood, Hugh D.; Giri, Subhasis K.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: We compare the survival outcomes of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated with adrenal sparing radical nephrectomy (ASRN) and non-adrenal sparing radical nephrectomy (NASRN). Methods: We conducted an observational study based on a composite patient population from two university teaching hospitals who underwent RN for RCC between January 2000 and December 2012. Only patients with pathologically confirmed RCC were included. We excluded patients undergoing cytoreductive nephrectomy, with loco-regional lymph node involvement. In total, 579 patients (ASRN = 380 and NASRN = 199) met our study criteria. Patients were categorized by risk groups (all stage, early stage and locally advanced RCC). Overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were analyzed for risk groups. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards regression. Results: The median follow-up was 41 months (range: 12–157). There were significant benefits in OS (ASRN 79.5% vs. NASRN 63.3%; p = 0.001) and CSS (84.3% vs. 74.9%; p = 0.001), with any differences favouring ASRN in all stage. On multivariate analysis, there was a trend towards worse OS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.759, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.943–2.309, p = 0.089) and CSS (HR 1.797, 95% CI 0.967–3.337, p = 0.064) in patients with NASRN (although not statistically significant). Of these patients, only 11 (1.9%) had adrenal involvement. Conclusions: The inherent limitations in our study include the impracticality of conducting a prospective randomized trial in this scenario. Our observational study with a 13-year follow-up suggests ASRN leads to better survival than NASRN. ASRN should be considered the gold standard in treating patients with RCC, unless it is contraindicated. PMID:26425218

  14. [Comparison of oncology outcomes and anal function among laparoscopic partial, subtotal and total intersphincteric resection for low rectal cancers].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Bin; Liu, Quanlong; Zhao, Yujuan; Zhuo, Guangzuan; Yin, Shuhui; Zhu, Jun; Zhao, Ke; Ding, Jianhua

    2017-08-25

    To compare the oncology outcomes and anal function among laparoscopic partial, subtotal and total intersphincteric resection(ISR) for low rectal cancers. From June 2011 to February 2016, a total of 79 consecutive patients with low rectal cancers underwent laparoscopic ISR with hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis at our department. According to the distal tumor margin, partial ISR (internal sphincter resection at the dentate line) was used to treat tumors with distance <1 cm from the anal sphincter (n=28), subtotal ISR was adopted for the tumors locating between the dentate line and intersphincteric groove (n=34), and total ISR (resection at the dentate line) was applied in the treatment of intra-anal tumors (n=17). Anal function was evaluated by a standardized gastrointestinal questionnaire, Wexner incontinence score and Kirwan's classification. Metaphase oncological results and postoperative anal function were compared among three groups, and. Other than the distance of tumor low margin to dentate line (P=0.000) and serum CEA level (P=0.040), no significant differences were noted in baseline data among 3 groups (all P>0.05). The median follow up was 21(8-61) months. The 3-year disease-free survival rates in laparoscopic partial, subtotal and total ISR groups were 91.1%, 88.9%, 88.2% (P=0.901) and the 3-year local relapse-free survival rates were 91.1%, 72.9%, 80.2%(P=0.658), whose all differences were not significant. Thirty-eight patients who did not receive neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and underwent ileostomy closure for at least 24 months completed the evaluation of anal function, including 14 cases in partial group, 15 cases in subtotal group and 9 cases in total group. Of 38 patients, 73.7%(28/38) was classified as good function (Wexner incontinence score ≤10) and no patient adopted a colostomy because of severe fecal incontinence(Kirwan classification=grade 5). Furthermore, there were no significant differences in Wexner incontinence score and Kirwan

  15. Brown Tumour in a Patient with Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Resistant to Medical Therapy: Case Report on Successful Treatment after Subtotal Parathyroidectomy

    PubMed Central

    Di Daniele, Nicola; Condò, Stefano; Ferrannini, Michele; Bertoli, Marta; Rovella, Valentina; Di Renzo, Laura; De Lorenzo, Antonino

    2009-01-01

    Brown tumour represents a serious complication of hyperparathyroidism. Differential diagnosis, based on histological examination, is only presumptive and clinical, radiological and laboratory data are necessary for definitive diagnosis. Here we describe a case of a brown tumour localised in the maxilla due to secondary hyperparathyroidism in a young women with chronic renal failure. Hemodialysis and pharmacological treatment were unsuccessful in controlling secondary hyperparathyroidism making it necessary to proceed with a subtotal parathyroidectomy. The proper timing of the parathyroidectomy and its favourable effect on regression of the brown tumor made it possible to avoid a potentially disfiguring surgical removal of the brown tumor. PMID:20011058

  16. The Development of Diabetes after Subtotal Gastrectomy with Billroth II Anastomosis for Peptic Ulcer Disease

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Chien-Hua; Hsu, Che-Ming; Lin, Cheng-Li

    2016-01-01

    Purpose A duodenal bypass after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass operation for obesity can ameliorate the development of diabetes mellitus (DM). We attempted to determine the subsequent risk of developing DM after subtotal gastrectomy with Billroth II anastomosis (SGBIIA) for peptic ulcer disease (PUD). Methods We identified 662 patients undergoing SGBIIA for PUD between 2000 and 2011 from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database as the study cohort, and we randomly selected 2647 controls from the peptic ulcer population not undergoing SGBIIA and were frequency-matched by age, sex, and index year for the control cohort. All patient cases in both cohorts were followed until the end of 2011 to measure the incidence of DM. We analyzed DM risk by using a Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results The patients who underwent SGBIIA demonstrated a lower cumulative incidence of DM compared with the control cohort (log-rank test, P < .001 and 6.73 vs 12.6 per 1000 person-y). The difference in the DM risk between patients with and without SGBIIA increased gradually with the follow-up duration. Age and sex did not affect the subsequent risk of developing DM, according to the multivariable Cox regression model. Nevertheless, the SGBIIA cohort exhibited a lower DM risk after we adjusted for the comorbidities of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and coronary artery disease (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR): 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.40–0.78). The incidence rate ratio (IRR) of DM in the SGBIIA cohort was lower than that in the control cohort for all age groups (age ≤ 49 y, IRR: 0.40, 95% CI: 0.16–0.99; age 50–64 y, IRR: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.31–0.96; age ≧ 65 y, IRR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.36–0.91). Moreover, the IRR of DM was significantly lower in the SGBIIA cohort with comorbidities (IRR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.31–0.78) compared with those without a comorbidity (IRR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.40–1.04). Conclusion The findings of this population-based cohort study revealed that

  17. da Vinci-assisted robotic partial nephrectomy: technique and results at a mean of 15 months of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Kaul, Sanjeev; Laungani, Rajesh; Sarle, Richard; Stricker, Hans; Peabody, James; Littleton, Ray; Menon, Mani

    2007-01-01

    Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is gaining acceptance as an alternative to open surgery for small renal tumours, although technical difficulty of intracorporeal suturing and concerns over warm ischemia time are limitations. Previous work has demonstrated that suturing with the robotic system is easier compared with laparoscopy. We believe the robot has an application and we report our initial experience in 10 patients undergoing robotic partial nephrectomy. Ten patients with small exophytic renal masses underwent intraperitoneal robotic partial nephrectomy. Principles of traditional open surgery were followed and intraoperative ultrasound was used to define resection margins. The renal artery was clamped with laparoscopic bulldog clamps and indigo carmine was administered intravenously to detect entry into collecting system. Suture closure and FLOSEAL were used for hemostasis. Frozen sections were obtained in all patients. Seven men and three women, mean age 59 yr, underwent robotic partial nephrectomy. Mean tumour size was 2 cm. Mean console and warm ischemia time were 158 min and 21 min, respectively. The median hospital stay was 1.5 d. Pathology revealed renal cell carcinoma in eight, oncocytoma in one, and lipoma in one. All resection margins were negative. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 28 mo. Robotic partial nephrectomy is a viable alternative to open or laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in carefully selected patients with small renal tumours. The advantages of the robotic system must be weighed against its cost. Further studies will determine if reduction in procedure complexity warrants the expense of such technology.

  18. Incisional Intercostal Hernia With Prolapse of the Colon After Right Partial Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Yamamoto, Takatsugu; Kurashima, Yukiko; Watanabe, Chie; Ohata, Kazunori; Hashiba, Ryoya; Tanaka, Shogo; Uenishi, Takahiro; Ohno, Koichi

    2013-01-01

    A 75-year-old woman with a history of myocardial infarction, gallstones, and right renal cancer was referred to our department because of right flank pain. She had a surgical scar on the right abdomen between the 10th and 11th ribs; computed tomography demonstrated intercostal herniation of the colon. Recognizing the possibility of adhesions of the hernia and colon, we used a median skin incision and patched a polyester mesh coated with absorbent collagen. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course, with no pain for 6 months postoperatively. Transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernias with abdominal contents commonly develop after trauma or thoracic surgery. Incisional intercostal hernias seldom develop after nephrectomy; the present case is only the fourth report. We conjecture that a costochondral incision can induce subluxation of the costotransverse joint, intercostal nerve injury, and atrophy of the intercostal and abdominal oblique muscles. Surgeons must therefore recognize the potential, albeit rare, for intercostal hernia after nephrectomy. PMID:24229033

  19. Incisional intercostal hernia with prolapse of the colon after right partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Takatsugu; Kurashima, Yukiko; Watanabe, Chie; Ohata, Kazunori; Hashiba, Ryoya; Tanaka, Shogo; Uenishi, Takahiro; Ohno, Koichi

    2013-01-01

    A 75-year-old woman with a history of myocardial infarction, gallstones, and right renal cancer was referred to our department because of right flank pain. She had a surgical scar on the right abdomen between the 10th and 11th ribs; computed tomography demonstrated intercostal herniation of the colon. Recognizing the possibility of adhesions of the hernia and colon, we used a median skin incision and patched a polyester mesh coated with absorbent collagen. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course, with no pain for 6 months postoperatively. Transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernias with abdominal contents commonly develop after trauma or thoracic surgery. Incisional intercostal hernias seldom develop after nephrectomy; the present case is only the fourth report. We conjecture that a costochondral incision can induce subluxation of the costotransverse joint, intercostal nerve injury, and atrophy of the intercostal and abdominal oblique muscles. Surgeons must therefore recognize the potential, albeit rare, for intercostal hernia after nephrectomy.

  20. THE EFFECT OF UNILATERAL NEPHRECTOMY ON THE TOTAL NUMBER OF OPEN GLOMERULI IN THE RABBIT

    PubMed Central

    Moore, Robert A.; Lukianoff, Gregory F.

    1929-01-01

    1. Under the experimental conditions employed, from 44 to 78 per cent of the glomeruli of the normal rabbit kidney contain circulating blood at any one moment. 2. After unilateral nephrectomy the number of glomeruli in the remaining kidney, which contain circulating blood, is increased to 91 to 99 per cent. 3. Compensation for the removal of one kidney is accomplished during the first 10 days at least, by an increase of the number of open glomeruli in the opposite kidney. PMID:19869616

  1. THE EFFECT OF UNILATERAL NEPHRECTOMY ON THE TOTAL NUMBER OF OPEN GLOMERULI IN THE RABBIT.

    PubMed

    Moore, R A; Lukianoff, G F

    1929-07-31

    1. Under the experimental conditions employed, from 44 to 78 per cent of the glomeruli of the normal rabbit kidney contain circulating blood at any one moment. 2. After unilateral nephrectomy the number of glomeruli in the remaining kidney, which contain circulating blood, is increased to 91 to 99 per cent. 3. Compensation for the removal of one kidney is accomplished during the first 10 days at least, by an increase of the number of open glomeruli in the opposite kidney.

  2. Compensatory renal growth after unilateral nephrectomy in the new-born rat

    PubMed Central

    Dicker, S. E.; Shirley, D. G.

    1973-01-01

    1. The right kidney in a series of control rats aged between 5 days and 115 days was weighed. The kidney weight/body weight ratio was greater in young than in older rats, but decreased linearly with increasing age. 2. After unilateral nephrectomy of rats 5 days old, the remaining kidney underwent compensatory growth. The rate and extent of this growth were greater than in adult rats. 3. The concentrations of RNA and DNA in the renal cortex and medulla of rats 5 days old were higher than in adult animals. The concentrations of the two nucleic acids fell with age, and reached adult levels after approximately 6 weeks. 4. After unilateral nephrectomy of rats 5 days old, the concentrations of RNA and DNA in the medulla were not significantly different from those in control animals. In the cortex, however, there was a delayed increase in the RNA/DNA ratio, which reached a level some 12% higher than that in control rats. This increase was smaller than that observed in unilaterally nephrectomized adult rats. 5. The cortical QO2 of the remaining kidney of unilaterally nephrectomized new-born rats was elevated by some 20% within 1 day of unilateral nephrectomy. Cortical QO2's remained higher than those of control animals for 3-4 weeks. 6. Since after unilateral nephrectomy, the increase in renal mass in new-borns was greater than that in adults, whereas the degree of cortical cellular hypertrophy (as estimated by the RNA/DNA ratio) was smaller than in adults, it is likely that in new-born animals a significant contribution to compensatory growth comes from cellular hyperplasia. PMID:4686024

  3. Laparoscopic nephrectomy for nonfunctioning kidneys is feasible after previous ipsilateral renal surgery: a prospective cohort trial.

    PubMed

    Aminsharifi, Alireza; Taddayun, Alireza; Niroomand, Reza; Hosseini, Mohammad-mehdi; Afsar, Firoozeh; Afrasiabi, Mohammad Amin

    2011-03-01

    Previous renal surgery is a relative contraindication to laparoscopic nephrectomy because adhesion formation makes surgical dissection difficult. We determined whether previous surgery at the same anatomical site would affected the surgical outcome in patients who underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. During the study period 79 consecutive patients who underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy were evaluated prospectively. All patients had symptomatic nonfunctioning small or hydronephrotic kidneys. Patients were divided into 29 with and 50 without prior surgery at the same anatomical site. Previous surgery included open nephrolithotomy in 16 patients, percutaneous nephrolithotomy in 8, open and percutaneous nephrolithotomy in 3, pyelolithotomy in 1 and pyeloplasty in 1. Patients who underwent prior surgery were older than patients who did not (average age 46.6 vs 34.9 years, p=0.008). Other patient characteristics, including gender ratio, body mass index and side of surgery, did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. Mean operative time was longer in patients with previous surgery than in the other group (98.6 vs 62.3 minutes, p=0.03). Other operative data, including blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative complications, open conversion and hospital stay, were similar in the groups. One case per group was converted to open surgery due to difficult pedicle dissection. Transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy in patients with a history of ipsilateral renal surgery can be done safely in timely fashion. Although mean operative time was longer, there was no significant increase in the operative complication rate in patients with prior surgery. Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Initial validation of a training program focused on laparoscopic radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Enciso, S; Díaz-Güemes, I; Serrano, Á; Bachiller, J; Rioja, J; Usón, J; Sánchez-Margallo, F M

    2016-05-01

    To assess a training model focused on laparoscopic nephrectomy. 16 residents participated in the study, who attended a training program with a theoretical session (1hour) and a dry (7hours) and a wet lab (13hours). During animal training, the first and last nephrectomies were assessed through the completion time and the global rating scale "Objective and Structured Assessment of Technical Skills" (OSATS). Before and after the course, they performed 3 tasks on the virtual reality simulator LAPMentor (1) eye-hand coordination; 2) hand-hand coordination; and 3) transference of objects), registering time and movement metrics. All participants completed a questionnaire related to the training components on a 5-point rating scale. The participants performed the last nephrectomy faster (P<.001) and with higher OSATS scores (P<.001). After the course, they completed the LAPMentor tasks faster (P<.05). The number of movements decreased in all tasks (1) P<.001, 2) P<.05, and 3) P<.05), and the path length in tasks 1 (P<.05) and 2 (P<.05). The movement speeds increased in tasks 2 (P<.001) and 3 (P<.001). With regards to the questionnaire, the usefulness of the animal training and the necessity of training on them prior to their laparoscopic clinical practice were the questions with the highest score (4.92±.28). The combination of physical simulation and animal training constitute an effective training model for improving basic and advanced skills for laparoscopic nephrectomy. The component preferred by the urology residents was the animal training. Copyright © 2015 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Chronic pulmonary diseases are independent risk factors for complications after radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Tokgöz, Hüsnü; Akduman, Bülent; Ünal, İlker; Erol, Bülent; Akyürek, Ersöz; Mungan, Necmettin Aydin

    2011-12-01

    We aimed to identify the prognostic factors and the new parameters such as Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI) that might predict postoperative complication rates in a radical nephrectomy cohort. We also evaluated the correlation of CCI with the Clavien postoperative complication scale (CPCS). Perioperative characteristics of 47 patients undergoing radical nephrectomy were recorded. Following items were assessed: preoperative patient characteristics including age, gender, CCI, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification system category, renal and hepatic functions, type of nephrectomy incision, operative time, clinical stage and histopathological subtype of the tumor, and preoperative co-morbid conditions including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic pulmonary disease, peptic ulcers, renal and hepatic dysfunction. Postoperative complications were defined as death, wound infection, pneumonia, atelectasis, pulmonary emboli, anemia, sepsis, cardiac arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, and deep vein thrombosis. In addition, postoperative complications were also graded according to the CPCS and accepted as those occurring within 30 days. Preoperative chronic pulmonary diseases were found to be significant risk factors for the development of postoperative complications. Age adjusted odds ratio was 7.112 for chronic pulmonary disease. The mean CCI in patients who did not develop any postoperative complication was 4.49 ± 1.95, whereas it was 5.75 ± 2.60 for patients who developed postoperative complications (P = 0.138). In Spearman correlation analysis, CCI value was found to be significantly correlated with CPCS grade (P = 0.011, rho value = 0.366). Presence of chronic pulmonary disease is a strong predictor of postoperative complications after radical nephrectomy. Patients with higher preoperative CCI scores may have higher postoperative CPCS grades. Additional studies are warranted.

  6. Left- and right-sided laparoscopic-assisted nephrectomy in standing horses with unilateral renal disease.

    PubMed

    Röcken, Michael; Mosel, Gesine; Stehle, Christiane; Rass, Julia; Litzke, Lutz F

    2007-08-01

    To describe a technique for, and outcome after, left- or right-sided laparoscopic-assisted nephrectomy in standing horses with unilateral renal disease. Clinical report. Horses (n=3) with unilateral renal disease. Horses were sedated with detomidine (0.01 mg/kg intravenously [IV]) and levomethadone (0.05 mg/kg IV). Paravertebral anesthesia and infiltration-anesthesia with 2% lidocaine were used to create a surgical field incorporating the 17th intercostal space and paralumbar fossa. Two separate, ipsilateral portals and a mini-laparotomy were used. The perirenal peritoneum was horizontally incised (10-15 cm) using endoscissors and the incision digitally enlarged for manual dissection of the perirenal fat and kidney mobilization. The renal vessels and ureter were individually dissected, ligated, and transected under laparoscopic observation and the kidney removed. The perirenal and laparotomy peritoneal defects were not closed; and the laparotomy was closed in a multilayered fashion. The transverse abdominal muscle was apposed in a continuous pattern using 1 polyglactin 910, the subcutaneous tissue (simple continuous pattern) and skin (simple interrupted pattern) with 2-0 polyglactin 910. Left (2) and right (1) sided laparoscopic-assisted nephrectomy (1 nephrolithiasis, 2 hydronephrosis) was performed successfully. Sedation and local anesthesia was adequate for intraoperative immobilization and analgesia. No intraoperative complications occurred. Incisional seroma formation and fever occurred on days 3 and 4 in 1 horse and resolved with medical management. Laparoscopic-assisted nephrectomy can be used for removal of the left or right kidney in standing horses with unilateral kidney disease. To avoid risks associated with general anesthesia and to reduce surgical trauma, laparoscopic-assisted nephrectomy can be performed in the standing sedated horse using a 2 portal technique and a mini-laparotomy.

  7. Prevalence and outcomes of peritumor fat involvement following partial nephrectomy for radiologic T1 renal cancer

    PubMed Central

    Kamel, Mohamed; Elfaramawi, Mohamed; Jadhav, Supria; Davis, Rodney; Saafan, Ahmed; Sher, Annashia

    2015-01-01

    Context: Partial nephrectomy is becoming the standard of care in management of small renal tumors and excision of the peritumor fat is recommended for accurate staging. During the surgery, the overlying fat may be excised for accurate visualization of margins or maybe inadvertently left behind when performing a partial nephrectomy in an obese patient. We investigated the prevalence of fat involvement in these patients. Aims: The aim was to document the prevalence of peritumor fat involvement discovered after partial nephrectomy performed for radiologic T1 renal cancer. Settings and Design: Between 2005 and 2011, 107 partial nephrectomy procedures were performed for radiologic T1 disease. Statistical Analysis: All analyses were performed using SAS 9.2. Subjects and Methods: Patients were classified as: Group A (n = 88 patients), patients with stage T1a (tumor size ≤4 cm) and Group B (n = 24 patients) patients with stage T1b (tumor size 4-7 cm). Results: The overall prevalence of peritumor fat involvement was 1.86% (n = 2). The two patients had tumor ≤4 cm in size of the papillary subtype and were followed for 61 and 57 months, respectively. Both were living and without recurrence. Patient demographics and tumor characteristics did not differ between the two groups except, Fuhrman Grades 3 and 4 were statistically more prevalent in Group B (<0.01). Tumor grade, clear cell type cancer and stage T1b did not correlate with peritumor fat involvement in the study population. Conclusions: Our study revealed a low prevalence of peritumor fat involvement in radiologic pT1 renal cancer; however, peritumor fat removal is still recommended. PMID:26692661

  8. Development and Validation of a Novel Robotic Procedure Specific Simulation Platform: Partial Nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Hung, Andrew J; Shah, Swar H; Dalag, Leonard; Shin, Daniel; Gill, Inderbir S

    2015-08-01

    We developed a novel procedure specific simulation platform for robotic partial nephrectomy. In this study we prospectively evaluate its face, content, construct and concurrent validity. This hybrid platform features augmented reality and virtual reality. Augmented reality involves 3-dimensional robotic partial nephrectomy surgical videos overlaid with virtual instruments to teach surgical anatomy, technical skills and operative steps. Advanced technical skills are assessed with an embedded full virtual reality renorrhaphy task. Participants were classified as novice (no surgical training, 15), intermediate (less than 100 robotic cases, 13) or expert (100 or more robotic cases, 14) and prospectively assessed. Cohort performance was compared with the Kruskal-Wallis test (construct validity). Post-study questionnaire was used to assess the realism of simulation (face validity) and usefulness for training (content validity). Concurrent validity evaluated correlation between virtual reality renorrhaphy task and a live porcine robotic partial nephrectomy performance (Spearman's analysis). Experts rated the augmented reality content as realistic (median 8/10) and helpful for resident/fellow training (8.0-8.2/10). Experts rated the platform highly for teaching anatomy (9/10) and operative steps (8.5/10) but moderately for technical skills (7.5/10). Experts and intermediates outperformed novices (construct validity) in efficiency (p=0.0002) and accuracy (p=0.002). For virtual reality renorrhaphy, experts outperformed intermediates on GEARS metrics (p=0.002). Virtual reality renorrhaphy and in vivo porcine robotic partial nephrectomy performance correlated significantly (r=0.8, p <0.0001) (concurrent validity). This augmented reality simulation platform displayed face, content and construct validity. Performance in the procedure specific virtual reality task correlated highly with a porcine model (concurrent validity). Future efforts will integrate procedure specific

  9. A comparative cost analysis of robot-assisted versus traditional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Hyams, Elias; Pierorazio, Philip; Mullins, Jeffrey K; Ward, Maryann; Allaf, Mohamad

    2012-07-01

    Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RALPN) is supplanting traditional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) as the technique of choice for minimally invasive nephron-sparing surgery. This evolution has resulted from potential clinical benefits, as well as proliferation of robotic systems and patient demand for robot-assisted surgery. We sought to quantify the costs associated with the use of robotics for minimally invasive partial nephrectomy. A cost analysis was performed for 20 consecutive robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RPN) and LPN patients at our institution from 2009 to 2010. Data included actual perioperative and hospitalization costs as well as professional fees. Capital costs were estimated using purchase costs and amortization of two robotic systems from 2001 to 2009, as well as maintenance contract costs. The estimated cost/case was obtained using total robotic surgical volume during this period. Total estimated costs were compared between groups. A separate analysis was performed assuming "ideal" robotic utilization during a comparable period. RALPN had a cost premium of +$1066/case compared with LPN, assuming actual robot utilization from 2001 to 2009. Assuming "ideal" utilization during a comparable period, this premium decreased to +$334; capital costs per case decreased from $1907 to $1175. Tumor size, operative time, and length of stay were comparable between groups. RALPN is associated with a small to moderate cost premium depending on assumptions regarding robotic surgical volume. Saturated utilization of robotic systems decreases attributable capital costs and makes comparison with laparoscopy more favorable. Purported clinical benefits of RPN (eg, decreased warm ischemia time, increased utilization of nephron-sparing surgery) need further study, because these may have cost implications.

  10. Open surgery versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy for renal tuberculosis: a retrospective study of 120 patients

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Cheng; Xiong, Hu; Fu, Sheng-Jun

    2016-01-01

    Background Laparoscopic renal surgery has been widely used in the treatment of renal diseases. However, there is still little research about its application in addressing renal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the surgical results of laparoscopic and open surgery for nonfunctional tuberculous kidneys. Methods Between May 2011 and June 2016, 120 nephrectomies were performed in patients with a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney. Of these, 69 patients underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy, and 51 patients underwent open nephrectomy. Data about the patients’ characteristics and surgical outcomes were collected from their electronic medical records. Outcomes were compared between these two groups. Results Our results showed that a number of renal tuberculosis patients presented no significant symptoms during their disease. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were the most common at a rate of 73/120, followed by flank pain or accidently discovery (66/120), urine abnormality (30/120) and fever (27/120). Patients who underwent open surgery were similar to laparoscopic patients with regard to sex, BMI, location, previous tuberculous history, grade, anemia, adhesion, hypertension, diabetes and preoperative serum creatinine level, but were generally older than laparoscopic patients. There were no significant differences between open and laparoscopic surgery in estimated blood loss, transfusion, postoperative hospital days and perioperative complication rate. However, the median operation time of laparoscopic operation was much longer than open surgery (180 [150–225] vs 135 [120–165] minutes, P < 0.01). Seven of the 69 laparoscopic operations were converted to open surgery because of severe adhesions. Conclusion Laparoscopic nephrectomy is as an effective treatment as open surgery for a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney, although it requires more time during the surgical procedure. No significant differences in other

  11. Combined splenectomy and nephrectomy for trauma: morbidity, mortality, and outcomes over 30 years.

    PubMed

    Ball, Chad G; Feliciano, David V; Mattox, Kenneth L

    2010-03-01

    : Spleen and kidney injuries carry mortality rates of 23% and 26%, respectively. When the magnitude of injury mandates simultaneous splenectomy and left nephrectomy, outcomes are unknown. The goals were to (1) identify the incidence of early morbidity and mortality among these patients and (2) compare these outcomes with those from the era preceding damage control and abdominal compartment syndrome therapies. : Injured patients who underwent a concurrent splenectomy and left nephrectomy at Grady Memorial Hospital (GMH, 1995-2007) were compared with those at Ben Taub (BT, 1978-1987). : Thirty-five and 30 patients underwent concurrent splenectomy and left nephrectomy at BT and GMH, respectively. Demographics, mortality (43% and 53%), and morbidity (79% and 81%) at BT and GMH were similar over a 3-decade span (p > 0.05). Deaths were typically due to refractory hemorrhage within 24 hours of admission to both centers (73% and 56%, p > 0.05). Despite advances in antimicrobials and drainage, 38% and 33% of patients developed a left subphrenic abscess. Associated injury pattern, splenic and renal injury grade, and blood loss were also consistent across centers (p > 0.05). More GMH patients presented with blunt mechanisms (33% vs. 14%) and associated injuries (4.1 vs. 2.4 per patient, p < 0.05). : The overall mortality associated with concurrent splenectomy and left nephrectomy approximates 43% to 53%. This has not changed despite a nearly 30-year timeframe and is still primarily related to refractory hemorrhagic shock. The complication rate of 80% is also consistent and is predominantly composed of left subphrenic abscesses and multiorgan failure.

  12. Outcome of Donor Cats After Unilateral Nephrectomy as Part of a Clinical Kidney Transplant Program.

    PubMed

    Danielson, Kelson C; Hardie, Robert J; McAnulty, Jonathan F

    2015-10-01

    To compare 1) complications between 2 ureteral harvest techniques (ureteral papilla harvest [UPH] and ureteral transection [UT]); 2) to investigate the prevalence of kidney failure in a population of kidney donors; and 3) to evaluate owner satisfaction with commercially sourced cats adopted after kidney donation. Retrospective case series. Cats (n = 72) that had unilateral nephrectomy for kidney donation. Medical records were reviewed and information on short- and long-term complications and evidence of kidney failure was recorded. Clients were interviewed by telephone to ascertain their satisfaction with the adopted donor cats as pets. Seventy-two cats had unilateral nephrectomy. Forty-two owners were able to be contacted for survey data. Twenty-eight cats had complete medical records including serum BUN, creatinine, and urine specific gravity. For these 28 cats, mean age at nephrectomy was 1.9 years (median, 1.1 years; range, 0.5-9.3 years) and mean age at follow-up was 6.8 years (median, 5.1 years; range, 1.0-18.7 years). There was no difference in major or minor complication rates between UPH and UT techniques. Kidney failure occurred in 17.8% of cats. All owners were satisfied with the adopted donor cats, which were obtained from commercial facilities. UPH is a safe technique in cats being used for kidney donation. Commercially sourced cats make suitable pets after kidney donation. The prevalence of kidney failure in the donor population appears to be higher than that in the general population, but definitive conclusions cannot be made based on this study. Further, prospective study is needed to identify the true prevalence of kidney failure in cats after unilateral nephrectomy. © Copyright 2015 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  13. Laparoendoscopic partial nephrectomy in single-incision triangulated umbilical surgery (SITUS) technique: early experience.

    PubMed

    Wolters, Mathias; Imkamp, Florian; Wohlatz, Lucy; Jutzi, Stephan; von Klot, Christoph A; Kuczyk, Markus A; Merseburger, Axel S; Walcher, Ute; Nagele, Udo; Herrmann, Thomas R W

    2015-03-01

    Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors has evolved as the standard of care for resectable renal tumors. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (PN) has gained recognition after technical refinements were able to match the well-established criteria for open partial nephrectomy. Laparoendoscopic surgery (LESS) is one of the approaches to further minimize invasiveness of laparoscopic surgery. We report our initial experience with LESS partial nephrectomy in single-incision transumbilical surgery technique (SITUS) in daily clinical practice. From 2010, patients undergoing SITUS-PN were prospectively evaluated. Patients with small, solitary or multiple, exophytic-enhancing renal masses were selected, whereas patients with solitary kidney, endophytic or hilar tumors were excluded. Important clinical data, PADUA and RENAL score, were assessed prospectively. Patients' characteristics, perioperative, hematologic and pathologic data as well as pain evaluation using the visual analogue pain scale (VAPS) were assessed. A total of 13 patients underwent LESS-PN/SITUS-PN (6 right and 7 left renal units). One patient was converted to conventional laparoscopy requiring two additional ports to treat bleeding from renal vessels. Pathology revealed renal cell carcinoma in nine patients, oncocytoma in one and benign cyst in three patients. No positive surgical margin was observed. The mean blood loss was 2.1 g/dl [range 0.5-4.5 g/dl] in hemoglobin. Minimal discomfort was noted at discharge (VAPS = 0.2 ± 0.6 [range 0-2]/10]. LESS partial nephrectomy in SITUS technique is feasible for selected exophytic tumors and has been integrated into our armamentarium for nephron sparing minimally invasive surgical treatment.

  14. [Stenting of subtotal conclusion of internal carotid artery and comparing the cerebral embolic load of proximal balloon protection device with distal filter protection device].

    PubMed

    Yang, Qing-wei; Ji, Xun-ming; Li, Shen-mao; Zhu, Feng-shui; Chen, Yan-fei; Ye, Ming; Jiao, Li-qun

    2013-07-16

    To study the safety, efficacy and perioperative complications of endovascular therapy in the treatment of subtotal conclusion of internal carotid artery(ICA) in patients. To compare the cerebral embolic load of proximal balloon protection device versus distal filter protection device during the operation. Review all the operations of stenting for subtotal conclusion of ICA in Xuanwu hospital. New cerebral infarction after stenting was assessed by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Count the number of new ischemic lesions of every patient. 35 patients with subtotal conclusion of ICA received endovascular stenting. Proximal protective device was used for 21 patients. Distal protective device was used for 14 patients. All procedures succeeded. 32 patients received the cerebral MRI 1 week before and within 48 hours after the operation. Compared with filter protection(n = 14), proximal balloon device(n = 18) resulted in a significant reduction in the incidence of new cerebral infarction (6/18 vs 10/14, P = 0.03). The number of new cerebral ischemic lesions were significant reduced by proximal balloon device (1/18 vs 4/14, P = 0.0006) . There were no serious cardiovascular events in 35 patients during the operation and the following up 3 months. 3 patients had restenosis which was demonstrated by ultrasound of ICA at 3 months after stenting. Endovascular stenting may be a safe and valid method for the treatment of subtotal occlusion of ICA. For the stenting of subtotal occlusion of ICA, proximal balloon protection device as compared with filter protection may reduce the embolic load to the brain more effectively. The stenting of subtotal occlusion of ICA still needs the randomized trails to confirm the safety and validity.

  15. The effect of epidural administration of dexamethasone on postoperative pain: a randomized controlled study in radical subtotal gastrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Jo, Youn Yi; Yoo, Ji Hyun; Kim, Hyun Joo

    2011-01-01

    Background Epidurally administered dexamethasone may reduce the incidence and severity of postoperative pain. We investigated whether postoperative pain could be alleviated by preoperative or postoperative epidural dexamethasone administration in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Methods Ninety patients (age 30-77 with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II) undergoing radical subtotal gastrectomy were randomly allocated to three groups using computer generated randomization. In all groups, 10 ml of 0.25% ropivacaine was injected epidurally before the start and at the end of the operation. In Group I, a bolus ropivacaine epidural without dexamethasone was administered. In Group II, dexamethasone (5 mg) was added to the ropivacaine bolus epidural before the start of operation. In Group III, the same amount of dexamethasone was given with the ropivacaine epidural at the end of operation. Effort and resting VAS, the use of rescue analgesics and any complications noted during the procedure were evaluated. Results VAS and requirements of rescue analgesics were significantly lower in Groups II and III when compared to Group I. There were no difference in the incidence of nausea and vomiting between groups, but an itching sensation was frequent in Group III. Conclusions The administration of 5 mg of dexamethasone epidurallly, before or after operation, could reduce the pain and analgesic requirement after radical subtotal gastrectomy. PMID:22025946

  16. Chondrosarcoma from the sternum: reconstruction with titanium mesh and a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap after subtotal sternal excision.

    PubMed

    Koto, Kazutaka; Sakabe, Tomoya; Horie, Naoyuki; Ryu, Kazuteru; Murata, Hiroaki; Nakamura, Shinichiro; Ishida, Toshihiro; Konishi, Eiichi; Kubo, Toshikazu

    2012-10-01

    Chondrosarcoma arising from the sternum is extremely rare and is often untreatable. Removal of the sternum for malignant tumor results in large defects in bone and soft tissue, causing deformity and paradoxical movement of the chest wall and making subsequent repair of the thorax very important. We report a very rare patient with a chondrosarcoma of the sternum who underwent case chest wall resection, followed by reconstruction using a titanium mesh covered with a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap. A 63-year-old man was referred to our hospital with progressively enlarged swelling of his anterior chest wall. Physical examination showed a 2.5×2.0 cm mass fixed to the sternum, which was diagnosed as a chondrosarcoma based on clinical findings, imaging characteristics and incision biopsy results. The patient underwent a subtotal sternal and chest wall resection to remove the tumor, followed by reconstruction with a titanium mesh and a TRAM flap. There were no complications associated with surgery. We report an extremely rare case of a patient who underwent subtotal sternal resection, followed by reconstruction, for a large chondrosarcoma. The elasticity and rigidity provided by the titanium mesh and the complete coverage of the surgical wound by a TRAM flap suggest that these procedures may be useful in reconstructing large defects in the chest wall.

  17. Chondrosarcoma from the sternum: Reconstruction with titanium mesh and a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap after subtotal sternal excision

    PubMed Central

    Koto, Kazutaka; Sakabe, Tomoya; Horie, Naoyuki; Ryu, Kazuteru; Murata, Hiroaki; Nakamura, Shinichiro; Ishida, Toshihiro; Konishi, Eiichi; Kubo, Toshikazu

    2012-01-01

    Summary Background Chondrosarcoma arising from the sternum is extremely rare and is often untreatable. Removal of the sternum for malignant tumor results in large defects in bone and soft tissue, causing deformity and paradoxical movement of the chest wall and making subsequent repair of the thorax very important. We report a very rare patient with a chondrosarcoma of the sternum who underwent case chest wall resection, followed by reconstruction using a titanium mesh covered with a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap. Case Report A 63-year-old man was referred to our hospital with progressively enlarged swelling of his anterior chest wall. Physical examination showed a 2.5×2.0 cm mass fixed to the sternum, which was diagnosed as a chondrosarcoma based on clinical findings, imaging characteristics and incision biopsy results. The patient underwent a subtotal sternal and chest wall resection to remove the tumor, followed by reconstruction with a titanium mesh and a TRAM flap. There were no complications associated with surgery. Conclusions We report an extremely rare case of a patient who underwent subtotal sternal resection, followed by reconstruction, for a large chondrosarcoma. The elasticity and rigidity provided by the titanium mesh and the complete coverage of the surgical wound by a TRAM flap suggest that these procedures may be useful in reconstructing large defects in the chest wall. PMID:23018358

  18. Nonfunctioning Renal Allograft Embolization as an Alternative to Graft Nephrectomy: Report on Seven Years' Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Atar, Eli; Belenky, Alexander; Neuman-Levin, Margalit; Yussim, A.; Bar-Nathan, Nathan; Bachar, Gil N.

    2003-02-15

    Purpose: Graft nephrectomy is the treatment of choice in patients with graft intolerance syndrome, but it is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Renal vascular embolization has been suggested as a possible alternative. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of arterial embolization of these nonfunctioning transplanted kidneys. Methods: Twenty-six transplanted kidneys in 25 patients with irreversible renal graft rejection and graft intolerance who underwent arterial embolization at our center from August 1994 to April 2001 we reanalyzed for procedural success and long-term outcome. Embolization was performed with absolute alcohol or with polyvinyl alcohol (Ivalon) and coils. Results: Twenty-four of the 26 (92%) procedures were technically successful, but in one patient only partial occlusion of one of two renal arteries was achieved, and in another the renal artery was already completely occluded. There were two major complications: emphysematous pyelonephritis necessitating nephrectomy and groin abscess that was drained. Follow-up ranged from 8 to 84 months. Clinical success was achieved in 24 of the 26 procedures(92%), and only in one patient did embolization fail to relieve the symptoms, and nephrectomy was performed 3 months later. Conclusion: Renal vascular embolization is a simple, safe and effective technique for the treatment of nonfunctioning renal allografts associated with graft intolerance syndrome. We suggest that it be considered the treatment of choice.

  19. [Comparison of results of open simple nephrectomy secondary to lithiasis in patients with and without nephrostomy].

    PubMed

    Carrillo-Córdova, Luis Daniel; Jiménez-Villavicencio, Jean Manuel; Vitar-Sandoval, Jhonatan; Sarabia-Estrada, Roberto Carlos; Rivera-Astorga, Hugo; Lemus-Mena, Gerardo Rodrigo; Sánchez-Meza, Eduardo; Carrillo-Córdova, Jorge Raul; Camilo-Martínez, Eli Jalil; Rosas-Ramírez, Alejandro; Virgen-Gutiérrez, José Francisco; Jaspersen-Gastelum, Jorge; Garduño-Arteaga, Mateo Leopoldo

    Simple nephrectomy is the procedure of choice in the treatment of excluded kidneys. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare surgical results in open simple retroperitoneal nephrectomies in patients with and without nephrostomy. 58 patients were analyzed. The demographic parameters of patients with nephrostomy were compared to patients without nephrostomy (age, gender, weight, lithium localization, transoperative variables (surgical time, transoperative bleeding) and postoperative variables (need for intensive care, need for transfusion, surgical wound infection and hospital stay days) RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found for the variables of operative bleeding (p=0.0442), surgical time (p=0.0093), hospital stay days (p=0.0040), and transfusion requirements (p=0.0170). There were no differences in the need for intensive care (p=0.6314), transoperative complications (p=0.7414) and surgical wound infection (p=0.2762). The presence of a nephrostomy catheter in patients undergoing open simple nephrectomy leads to an increased risk of morbidity, with increased bleeding, surgical time, need for transfusion, and hospital stay days. Copyright © 2017 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  20. Allelic and Epitopic Characterization of Intra-Kidney Allograft Anti-HLA Antibodies at Allograft Nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Milongo, D; Kamar, N; Del Bello, A; Guilbeau-Frugier, C; Sallusto, F; Esposito, L; Dörr, G; Blancher, A; Congy-Jolivet, N

    2017-02-01

    The reasons for the increased incidence of de novo anti-human leukocyte antibody (HLA) donor-specific antibodies (DSAs) observed after kidney allograft nephrectomy are not fully understood. One advocated mechanism suggests that at graft loss, DSAs are not detected in the serum because they are fixed on the nonfunctional transplant; removal of the kidney allows DSAs to then appear in the blood circulation. The aim of our study was to compare anti-HLA antibodies present in the serum and in the graft at the time of an allograft nephrectomy. Using solid-phase assays, anti-HLA antibodies were searched for in the sera of 17 kidney transplant patients undergoing allograft nephrectomy. No anti-HLA antibodies were detected in the graft if they were not also detected in the serum. Eleven of the 12 patients who had DSAs detected in their sera also had DSAs detected in the grafts. Epitopic analysis revealed that most anti-HLA antibodies detected in removed grafts were directed against the donor. In summary, our data show that all anti-HLA antibodies that were detected in grafts were also detected in the sera. These intragraft anti-HLA antibodies are mostly directed against the donor at an epitopic level but not always at an antigenic level.

  1. [Laparoscopic Non-Ischemic Partial Nephrectomy Using a Microwave Tissue Coagulator : A Single-Institutional Study].

    PubMed

    Fukui, Shinji; Iemura, Yusuke; Matsumura, Yoshiaki; Kagebayashi, Yoriaki; Samma, Shoji

    2017-04-01

    We retrospectively investigated the surgical outcomes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), perioperative complications, and residual renal function in patients receiving laparoscopic non-ischemic partial nephrectomy using a microwave tissue coagulator (MTC). Between January 2002 and December 2015, laparoscopic non-ischemic partial nephrectomy using MTC was performed in 49 patients. The histological diagnosis was RCC in 38 patients, angiomyolipoma in 4, oncocytoma in 2, and others in 5. A histologicallyproven positive surgical margin was observed in 1 (2.0%). Postoperative urine leakage occurred in 1, and it was treated conservatively. The mean follow-up period was 32.0 months. Although there was no patient who died of RCC, local recurrence occurred in 2 patients (4.1%) during the follow-up period. One of these 2 patients had a positive surgical margin. Deterioration of the residual renal function was not observed. Laparoscopic non-ischemic partial nephrectomy using MTC was safe and useful in terms of cancer control and preservation of renal function.

  2. Hospitalization for partial nephrectomy was not associated with intrathecal opioid analgesia: Retrospective analysis.

    PubMed

    Weingarten, Toby N; Del Mundo, Serena B; Yeoh, Tze Yeng; Scavonetto, Federica; Leibovich, Bradley C; Sprung, Juraj

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this retrospective study is to test the hypothesis that the use of spinal analgesia shortens the length of hospital stay after partial nephrectomy. We reviewed all patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for malignancy through flank incision between January 1, 2008, and June 30, 2011. We excluded patients who underwent tumor thrombectomy, used sustained-release opioids, or had general anesthesia supplemented by epidural analgesia. Patients were grouped into "spinal" (intrathecal opioid injection for postoperative analgesia) versus "general anesthetic" group, and "early" discharge group (within 3 postoperative days) versus "late" group. Association between demographics, patient physical status, anesthetic techniques, and surgical complexity and hospital stay were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Of 380 patients, 158 (41.6%) were discharged "early" and 151 (39.7%) were "spinal" cases. Both spinal and early discharge groups had better postoperative pain control and used less postoperative systemic opioids. Spinal analgesia was associated with early hospital discharge, odds ratio 1.52, (95% confidence interval 1.00-2.30), P = 0.05, but in adjusted analysis was no longer associated with early discharge, 1.16 (0.73-1.86), P = 0.52. Early discharge was associated with calendar year, with more recent years being associated with early discharge. Spinal analgesia combined with general anesthesia was associated with improved postoperative pain control during the 1(st) postoperative day, but not with shorter hospital stay following partial nephrectomy. Therefore, unaccounted practice changes that occurred during more recent times affected hospital stay.

  3. Partial Nephrectomy for Small Renal Masses: Do Teaching and Nonteaching Institutions Adhere to Guidelines Equally?

    PubMed

    Vigneswaran, Hari T; Lec, Patrick; Brito, Joseph; Turini, George; Pareek, Gyan; Golijanin, Dragan

    2016-06-01

    The American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines recommend partial nephrectomy (PN) as the gold standard for treatment of small renal masses (SRMs). This study examines the change in utilization of partial and radical nephrectomies at teaching and nonteaching institutions from 2003 to 2012. The data sample for this study came from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2003 to 2012. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and Clinical Modification codes were used to identify patients undergoing PN and radical nephrectomy for renal masses limited to the renal parenchyma. Teaching hospitals were defined, but not limited to any institution with an American Medical Association-approved residency program. Linear regression, bivariate, multivariate, and odds ratio analysis were used to demonstrate statistical significance. 39,685 patients were identified in teaching hospitals, and 22,239 were identified in nonteaching hospitals. Prior to the 2009 AUA guidelines, cumulative rates of PN were 33% vs 20% in teaching vs nonteaching hospitals (p < 0.0001) compared with postguideline rates of 48% vs 33% in teaching vs nonteaching hospitals (p < 0.0001). During the 10-year study period, the use of PN to treat SRMs has significantly increased in both teaching hospitals and in nonacademic centers; however, these changes are occurring at a slower rate in nonteaching hospitals.

  4. Partial Nephrectomy for a Massive Sporadic Renal Angiomyolipoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Klein, Molly; Murugan, Paari; Weight, Christopher J.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Angiomyolipomas are the most common benign tumor of the kidney, associated with Tuberous Sclerosis in 20% of cases and arising sporadically in 80% of cases. Renal angiomyolipomas are neoplasms of mesenchymal origin with varying proportions of vasculature, smooth muscle spindle cells, and adipocytes, making management of such neoplasms a challenging endeavor. Possible management options include partial or radical nephrectomy and segmental renal artery embolization. Case Presentation. A 61-year-old woman admitted for a large retroperitoneal hemorrhage was discovered to have a giant, sporadic, 3818.3 g, 30.0 × 26.5 × 18.0 cm left perinephric angiomyolipoma. Given her hemodynamic instability upon presentation, she underwent segmental arterial embolization, followed by an open left partial nephrectomy. Ten-month follow-up revealed no noticeable loss of renal function. Discussion. Literature review revealed occasional renal angiomyolipomas of comparable size, with all angiomyolipomas larger than this requiring treatment with radical nephrectomy. Conclusion. We show that nephron-sparing surgery may be considered in the treatment of even the largest of renal angiomyolipomas. PMID:28070443

  5. Evaluation of renal function under controlled hypotension in zero ischemia robotic assisted partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Forastiere, Ester; Claroni, Claudia; Sofra, Maria; Torregiani, Giulia; Covotta, Marco; Marchione, Maria Grazia; Giannarelli, Diana; Papalia, Rocco

    2013-01-01

    In partial nephrectomy with hilar clamping every minute of ischemia can impair renal function, thus great importance is having the controlled hypotension as a part of zero ischemia technique. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of hypotensive anesthesia on renal function, in patients undergoing robotic assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) , during surgery and at 3 months follow up. This is a prospective study of 100 patients, ASA 1-2, who underwent zero ischemia RAPN under controlled hypotension (CH) from December 2011 through to May 2013. Serum creatinine, BUN, estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR), fractional excretion of sodium (FSE) and technetium Tc 99m mercaptoacetyltriglycine (99mTC-MAG-3), renal scintigraphy with effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) were evaluated. Mean duration of CH was 50 ± 4 minutes. Acute renal failure wasn't observed in any of the patients. A significant variation of eGFR during the procedure and 24 hours after surgery was observed. No significant variation of BUN and FSE was detected. Comparing preoperative ERPF of the operated kidney with ERPF 3 months after surgery, it decreased by 2%. In patients with normal preoperative renal function CH didn't show any detrimental impact on renal function during and after robotic assisted partial nephrectomy.

  6. Impact of ischaemia time on renal function after partial nephrectomy: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Rod, Xavier; Peyronnet, Benoit; Seisen, Thomas; Pradere, Benjamin; Gomez, Florie D; Verhoest, Grégory; Vaessen, Christophe; De La Taille, Alexandre; Bensalah, Karim; Roupret, Morgan

    2016-11-01

    To assess the impact of ischaemia on renal function after partial nephrectomy (PN). A literature review was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria. In January 2015, the Medline and Embase databases were systematically searched using the protocol ('warm ischemia'[mesh] OR 'warm ischemia'[ti]) AND ('nephrectomy'[mesh] OR 'partial nephrectomy'[ti]). An updated search was performed in December 2015. Only studies based on a solitary kidney model or on a two-kidney model but with assessment of split renal function were included in this review. Of the 1119 studies identified, 969 abstracts were screened after duplicates were removed: 29 articles were finally included in this review, including nine studies that focused on patients with a solitary kidney. None of the nine studies adjusting for the amount of preserved parenchyma found a negative impact of warm ischaemia time on postoperative renal function, unless this was extended beyond a 25-min threshold. The quality and the quantity of preserved parenchyma appeared to be the main contributors to postoperative renal function. Currently, no evidence supports that limited ischaemia time (i.e. ≤25 min) has a higher risk of reducing renal function after PN compared to a 'zero ischaemia' technique. Several recent studies have suggested that prolonged warm ischaemia (>25-30 min) could cause an irreversible ischaemic insult to the surgically treated kidney. © 2016 The Authors BJU International © 2016 BJU International Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  7. Three-dimensional reconstruction of renovascular-tumor anatomy to facilitate zero-ischemia partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Ukimura, Osamu; Nakamoto, Masahiko; Gill, Inderbir S

    2012-01-01

    Zero-ischemia robotic and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, a novel concept, eliminates ischemia to the tumor-free normal kidney. Anatomic microdissection of tertiary/higher-order tumor-specific arteries is performed to selectively devascularize only the tumor, maintaining normal perfusion of the remaining kidney. A thorough understanding of renovascular tumor anatomy is essential. Based on 0.5-mm-slice thickness computed tomography scans, we developed a novel three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction technique that fuses three key anatomic aspects: surface-rendered tumor, semitransparent kidney, and extra- and intrarenal arterial anatomy. Four central completely intrarenal hilar masses underwent 3D reconstruction for surgical navigation during zero-ischemia partial nephrectomy. Negative surgical margins were obtained in all four cases, with no intraoperative complications or transfusions. For these challenging laparoscopically invisible masses, 3D image navigation precisely identified tumor-specific arterial branches, thus facilitating zero-ischemia partial nephrectomy without hilar cross clamping. Copyright © 2011 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Is There a New Alternative for a Safer Kidney Artery Ligation in Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy?

    PubMed

    Cabello, Ramiro; García, Juan Vicente; Quicios, Cristina; Bueno, Gonzalo; González, Carmen

    2017-07-01

    Controlled ligation and division of the renal hilum are critical steps during laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy. Major hemorrhage from technical failure, although an infrequent occurrence, can cause significant, yet preventable, morbidity or death. Polymer-secured nontransfixion clips are used worldwide for renal pedicle control during laparoscopic nephrectomy, but their use is contraindicated for renal artery ligation during laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy. Laparoscopic staplers are reliable transfixion systems for controlling kidney pedicle. However, stapler malfunction is not negligible, reaching up to 1.7%. A new double shank (DS) titanium-secured nontransfixion clip can dodge legal concerns on polymer-secured clips, while maintaining most of their advantages, without technical failures that may be seen in laparoscopic staplers. New alternatives must be proposed and explored to reach an agreement of the urological community. The new DS-titanium-secured clips could be a step forward toward a safer surgery for kidney donors, at least equivalent to hand ties to occlude the renal artery.

  9. Renal fossa recurrence after nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: prognostic features and oncological outcomes.

    PubMed

    Psutka, Sarah P; Heidenreich, Mark; Boorjian, Stephen A; Bailey, George C; Cheville, John C; Stewart-Merrill, Suzanne B; Lohse, Christine M; Atwell, Thomas D; Costello, Brian A; Leibovich, Bradley C; Thompson, R Houston

    2017-01-01

    To describe the clinicopathological features associated with increased risk of renal fossa recurrence (RFR) after radical nephrectomy (RN) and to describe the prognostic features associated with cancer-specific survival (CSS) among patients with RFR treated with primary locally directed therapy, systemically directed therapy or expectant management. The records of 2 502 patients treated with RN for unilateral, sporadic, localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC) between 1970 and 2006 were reviewed. CSS after RFR was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Associations with the development of RFR and CSS after RFR were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression models. A total of 33 (1.3%) patients developed isolated RFR (iRFR) and 30 (1.2%) patients developed RFR in the setting of synchronous metastases after RN (study cohort, N = 63). The median follow-up for the series was 9.0 years after RN and 6.0 years after RFR diagnosis. On multivariable analysis, advanced pathological stage (pT2: hazard ratio [HR] 4.36, P = 0.004; pT3/4: HR 4.39, P = 0.003) and coagulative necrosis (HR 2.71, P = 0.006) were independently associated with increased risk of iRFR. The median time to recurrence was 1.5 years after RN among the 33 patients with iRFR, and 1.4 years among all patients. Overall, the median CSS was 2.5 years after diagnosis of iRFR, 1.3 years after RFR in the setting of synchronous metastases, and 2.2 years overall. After primary locally directed therapy (surgery, ablation or radiation), systemic therapy or expectant management, the 3-year CSS rates among patients with iRFR were 63%, 50% and 13% (P = 0.001) and were 64%, 50% and 28% (P = 0.006) among all patients, respectively. On multivariable analysis, when compared with observation, locally directed therapies were associated with a significantly decreased risk of death from RCC (HR 0.26, P < 0.001). Renal fossa recurrence is a rare event after RN for RCC and portends a poor prognosis, even in the absence of

  10. Ultrastructural changes and nestin expression accompanying compensatory renal growth after unilateral nephrectomy in adult rats

    PubMed Central

    Eladl, Mohamed Ahmed; M Elsaed, Wael; Atef, Hoda; El-Sherbiny, Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    Background Several renal disorders affect the glomerular podocytes. Compensatory structural and functional changes have been observed in animals that have undergone unilateral renal ablation. These changes occur as a pliant response to quench the increased functional demand to maintain homeostasis of fluid and solutes. Nestin is an intermediate filament protein present in the glomerular podocytes of the adult kidney and is linked with the maintenance of its foot process structure. Structural changes in the podocytes ultimately restructure the filtration barrier. Very few studies related to the ultrastructural and histopathologic changes of the podocytes are documented. The present study aimed to assess the histopathologic changes at the ultrastructural level in the adapted kidney at different time intervals following unilateral renal ablation in adult rats and its relation with nestin. Methods Forty-eight rats were divided into four groups (n=12 in each group). The animals of Group A were control naïve rats, while the group B, group C and group D animals underwent left unilateral nephrectomy and the remaining right kidney was removed on days 10, 20 and 30, respectively. Each group included four sham-operated rats, which were sacrificed at the same time as the naïve rats. Each nephrectomized sample was weighed and its sections were subjected to hematoxylin and eosin examination, transmission electron microscopic study as well as immunostaining using the intermediate filament protein nestin. Results No difference was found between the kidney sections from the control group and the sham-operated groups. A significant increase in the weight of the right kidneys was noted in groups B, C and D (P<0.001). The ultrastructural adaptive changes seen in the glomeruli of group B were subsequently reduced in groups C and D. This finding corresponded to a similar pattern of nestin expression in the podocytes, which showed significant increase in group B followed by reduced

  11. Native Nephrectomy with Renal Transplantation is Associated with a Decrease in Hypertension Medication Requirements for Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease.

    PubMed

    Shumate, Ashley M; Bahler, Clinton D; Goggins, William C; Sharfuddin, Asif A; Sundaram, Chandru P

    2016-01-01

    We assessed hypertensive control after native nephrectomy and renal transplantation in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Blood pressure control was studied retrospectively in 118 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease who underwent renal transplantation between 2003 and 2013. Overall 54 patients underwent transplantation alone (group 1) and 64 underwent transplantation with concurrent ipsilateral nephrectomy (group 2). Of these 64 patients 32 underwent ipsilateral nephrectomy only (group 2a) and 32 underwent eventual delayed contralateral native nephrectomy (group 2b). The number of antihypertensive drugs and defined daily dose of each antihypertensive was recorded at transplantation and up to 36-month followup. Comparing preoperative to postoperative medications at 12, 24 and 36-month followup, transplantation with concurrent ipsilateral nephrectomy had a greater decrease in quantity (-1.2 vs -0.5 medications, p=0.008; -1.1 vs -0.3, p=0.007 and -1.2 vs -0.4, p=0.03, respectively) and defined daily dose of antihypertensive drug (-3.3 vs -1.0, p=0.0008; -2.9 vs -1.0, p=0.006 and -2.7 vs -0.6, p=0.007, respectively) than transplantation alone at each point. Native nephrectomy continued to be a predictor of hypertensive requirements on multivariable analysis (p <0.0001). The mean decrease in number of medications in group 2b from after ipsilateral nephrectomy to 12 months after contralateral nephrectomy was -0.6 (p=0.0005) and the mean decrease in defined daily dose was -0.6 (p=0.009). In patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease undergoing renal transplantation, concurrent ipsilateral native nephrectomy is associated with a significant decrease in the quantity and defined daily dose of antihypertensive drugs needed for hypertension control. Delayed contralateral native nephrectomy is associated with improved control of blood pressure to an even greater degree. Copyright © 2016 American Urological

  12. [Open partial nephrectomy. Experience at the 12 de Octubre University Hospital].

    PubMed

    Domínguez Esteban, M; Passas Martínez, Juan; Romero Otero, Javier; Medina Polo, J; Rodríguez Antolín, Alfredo

    2009-05-01

    Radical nephrectomy has traditionally been considered as the standard treatment for renal tumors. Nephron-sparing surgery was introduced two decades ago. Its excellent oncological and functional results have led to widespread use of this procedure. This procedure was first performed at our institution in 1991. Our experience with open partial nephrectomy is reported. Our series of 83 open partial nephrectomies performed from 1991 to date for oncological purposes is analyzed. The demographic, intraoperative, postoperative, oncological, and functional results are reported. A survival analysis and renal function evaluation is also provided. Thirty-four of the 83 open partial nephrectomies (42%) were non-elective. Mean tumor size was 36 mm (12-120). Fifty-two percent of tumors were exophytic and 38% endophytic. The most relevant intraoperative variables included a median surgery time of 160 min, an ischemia time of 15 min, a blood loss of 500 mL, and a 9-day hospital stay. Twenty-four percent of patients experienced complications, of which fistula was the most common, occurring in 6 patients (8.8%). The pathological study revealed clear renal cell carcinoma in 57% of patients and benign tumors in 25%. Stage at diagnosis was pT1A in 61% of patients, pT1B in 27%, pT2 in 3%, and pT3 in 9%. Grade 2 of Furham classification was most common (40%). Positive surgical margins were seen in 4% of patients. Cancer-specific survival rates were 94% at 5 years and 85% at 10 years. A slight increase was seen in median creatinine levels when preoperative and postoperative values were compared: 0.04, 0.11, 0.08, and 0.03 at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months respectively. A minimum, statistically significant increase was found in mean creatinine levels 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after surgery as compared to preoperative values. Open partial nephrectomy is a feasible procedure routinely used in our standard practice. Its oncological results are satisfactory and consistent with those reported in the

  13. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in the pig: comparison of three hemostasis techniques.

    PubMed

    Barret, E; Guillonneau, B; Cathelineau, X; Validire, P; Vallancien, G

    2001-04-01

    Control of intraoperative bleeding is the main technical difficulty encountered during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and morbidity of three renal parenchymal hemostasis techniques: high-frequency bipolar electrical current, high-frequency unipolar spray electrical current, and ultrasound during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy performed in pigs without vascular control. A standardized laparoscopic transperitoneal right lower-pole partial nephrectomy was performed in 27 pigs with a mean weight of 65 +/- 5 kg. The pigs were divided into three groups according to the technology used: Group 1 = bipolar electrical current, Group 2 = unipolar spray electrical current, and Group 3 = ultrasound. Intravenous urography was performed on the 28th day. The kidneys were then removed for histologic examination, and the pigs were sacrificed. The criteria evaluated were intraoperative and postoperative complications, blood loss, renal function, and thickness of the parenchymal lesions induced. The Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test for comparison of medians was used for statistical analysis of the data (P < 0.05). Data from pigs that died before the end of the study were excluded from the analysis. All partial nephrectomies were performed laparoscopically, and all pigs were alive at the end of the operation. The postoperative complication rate was 11% (N = 3): two pigs died before the end of the study, one from hemorrhage on Day 6 (Group 2), and the other from prolonged reflex ileus with sacrifice of the pig on Day 7 (Group 3). One pig developed an asymptomatic urinoma (Group 2). Blood loss was significantly lower when ultrasound was used (P = 0.026). Global renal function was not significantly altered in the various groups. The median thickness of tissue necrosis and fibrosis detected in the scar zone was 6 mm (range 4-10 mm) and was similar in the three groups. Partial nephrectomy can be performed by laparoscopy without

  14. Meta-analysis of subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy vs pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy.

    PubMed

    Huang, Wei; Xiong, Jun-Jie; Wan, Mei-Hua; Szatmary, Peter; Bharucha, Shameena; Gomatos, Ilias; Nunes, Quentin M; Xia, Qing; Sutton, Robert; Liu, Xu-Bao

    2015-05-28

    To investigate the differences in outcome following pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD) and subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (SSPPD). Major databases including PubMed (Medline), EMBASE and Science Citation Index Expanded and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library were searched for comparative studies between patients with PPPD and SSPPD published between January 1978 and July 2014. Studies were selected based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary outcome was delayed gastric emptying (DGE). Secondary outcomes included operation time, intraoperative blood loss, pancreatic fistula, postoperative hemorrhage, intraabdominal abscess, wound infection, time to starting liquid diet, time to starting solid diet, period of nasogastric intubation, reinsertion of nasogastric tube, mortality and hospital stay. The pooled odds ratios (OR) or weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated using either a fixed-effects or random-effects model. Eight comparative studies recruiting 650 patients were analyzed, which include two RCTs, one non-randomized prospective and 5 retrospective trial designs. Patients undergoing SSPPD experienced significantly lower rates of DGE (OR = 2.75; 95%CI: 1.75-4.30, P < 0.00001) and a shorter period of nasogastric intubation (OR = 2.68; 95%CI: 0.77-4.58, P < 0.00001), with a tendency towards shorter time to liquid (WMD = 2.97, 95%CI: -0.46-7.83; P = 0.09) and solid diets (WMD = 3.69, 95%CI: -0.46-7.83; P = 0.08) as well as shorter inpatient stay (WMD = 3.92, 95%CI: -0.37-8.22; P = 0.07), although these latter three did not reach statistical significance. PPPD, however, was associated with less intraoperative blood loss than SSPPD [WMD = -217.70, 95%CI: -429.77-(-5.63); P = 0.04]. There were no differences in other parameters between the two approaches, including operative time (WMD = -5.30, 95%CI: -43.44-32.84; P = 0

  15. Meta-analysis of subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy vs pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Wei; Xiong, Jun-Jie; Wan, Mei-Hua; Szatmary, Peter; Bharucha, Shameena; Gomatos, Ilias; Nunes, Quentin M; Xia, Qing; Sutton, Robert; Liu, Xu-Bao

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the differences in outcome following pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD) and subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (SSPPD). METHODS: Major databases including PubMed (Medline), EMBASE and Science Citation Index Expanded and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library were searched for comparative studies between patients with PPPD and SSPPD published between January 1978 and July 2014. Studies were selected based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary outcome was delayed gastric emptying (DGE). Secondary outcomes included operation time, intraoperative blood loss, pancreatic fistula, postoperative hemorrhage, intraabdominal abscess, wound infection, time to starting liquid diet, time to starting solid diet, period of nasogastric intubation, reinsertion of nasogastric tube, mortality and hospital stay. The pooled odds ratios (OR) or weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated using either a fixed-effects or random-effects model. RESULTS: Eight comparative studies recruiting 650 patients were analyzed, which include two RCTs, one non-randomized prospective and 5 retrospective trial designs. Patients undergoing SSPPD experienced significantly lower rates of DGE (OR = 2.75; 95%CI: 1.75-4.30, P < 0.00001) and a shorter period of nasogastric intubation (OR = 2.68; 95%CI: 0.77-4.58, P < 0.00001), with a tendency towards shorter time to liquid (WMD = 2.97, 95%CI: -0.46-7.83; P = 0.09) and solid diets (WMD = 3.69, 95%CI: -0.46-7.83; P = 0.08) as well as shorter inpatient stay (WMD = 3.92, 95%CI: -0.37-8.22; P = 0.07), although these latter three did not reach statistical significance. PPPD, however, was associated with less intraoperative blood loss than SSPPD [WMD = -217.70, 95%CI: -429.77-(-5.63); P = 0.04]. There were no differences in other parameters between the two approaches, including operative time (WMD = -5.30, 95%CI

  16. Simple enucleation is equivalent to traditional partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: results of a nonrandomized, retrospective, comparative study.

    PubMed

    Minervini, Andrea; Ficarra, Vincenzo; Rocco, Francesco; Antonelli, Alessandro; Bertini, Roberto; Carmignani, Giorgio; Cosciani Cunico, Sergio; Fontana, Dario; Longo, Nicola; Martorana, Giuseppe; Mirone, Vincenzo; Morgia, Giuseppe; Novara, Giacomo; Roscigno, Marco; Schiavina, Riccardo; Serni, Sergio; Simeone, Claudio; Simonato, Alchiede; Siracusano, Salvatore; Volpe, Alessandro; Zattoni, Filiberto; Zucchi, Alessandro; Carini, Marco

    2011-05-01

    The excision of the renal tumor with a substantial margin of healthy parenchyma is considered the gold standard technique for partial nephrectomy. However, simple enucleation showed excellent results in some retrospective series. We compared the oncologic outcomes after standard partial nephrectomy and simple enucleation. We retrospectively analyzed 982 patients who underwent standard partial nephrectomy and 537 who had simple enucleation for localized renal cell carcinoma at 16 academic centers between 1997 and 2007. Local recurrence, cancer specific survival and progression-free survival were the main outcomes of this study. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival functions and differences were assessed with the log rank statistic. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression models addressed progression-free survival and cancer specific survival. Median followup of the patients undergoing traditional partial nephrectomy and simple enucleation was 51 ± 37.8 and 54.4 ± 36 months, respectively (p = 0.08). The 5 and 10-year progression-free survival estimates were 88.9 and 82% after standard partial nephrectomy, and 91.4% and 90.8% after simple enucleation (p = 0.09). The 5 and 10-year cancer specific survival estimates were 93.9% and 91.6% after standard partial nephrectomy, and 94.3% and 93.2% after simple enucleation (p = 0.94). On multivariable analysis the adopted nephron sparing surgery technique was not an independent predictor of progression-free survival (HR 0.8, p = 0.55) and cancer specific survival (HR 0.7, p = 0.53) when adjusted for the effect of the other covariates. To our knowledge this is the first multicenter, comparative study showing oncologic equivalence of standard partial nephrectomy and simple enucleation. Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Port-site transversus abdominis fascia closure reduced the incidence of incisional hernia following retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Takei, A; Sazuka, T; Nakamura, K; Nihei, N; Ichikawa, T

    2016-10-01

    The incidence of incisional hernia after laparoscopic surgery is reportedly 0-5.2 %; there are only a few reports of that following retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy. We evaluated the incidence of and risk factors for incisional hernia after retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy, and the efficacy of our novel prophylaxis technique. A total of 207 renal cell carcinoma patients who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy at Chiba University Hospital were retrospectively enrolled in this study. We compared the incidences of incisional hernia following the transperitoneal vs. retroperitoneal approaches, and, among the latter group, the incidences with vs. without use of our prophylaxis method. Also among the retroperitoneal-approach group, we evaluated selected patient characteristics as potential hernia risk factors. The rate of incisional hernias was 14 (8.7 %) after 161 retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomies and one (2.2 %) after 46 transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomies (P = 0.132). For those undergoing the retroperitoneal approach, 14 (11.3 %) hernias were identified in 124 non-prophylaxed patients and none in 37 prophylaxed patients. Transversus abdominis fascia closure was a statistically significant factor for reducing the incidence of incisional hernia after retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy (P = 0.0324): rectus abdominis muscle thickness ≤7 mm and perioperative blood loss >100 ml were statistically significant independent risk factors, by multivariate analysis. To prevent incisional hernia after retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy in the patients with risk factors, it is useful to close the transversus abdominis fascia at the port sites from inside the surgical cavity, through the open specimen-removal trocar port site, under direct observation.

  18. External validation of the Arterial Based Complexity (ABC) scoring system in renal tumors treated by minimally invasive partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Gu, Liangyou; Ma, Xin; Li, Hongzhao; Yao, Yuanxin; Xie, Yongpeng; Chen, Luyao; Gao, Yu; Zhang, Xu

    2017-09-01

    To assess the role of the Arterial Based Complexity (ABC) scoring system in predicting clinically relevant outcomes of a minimally invasive partial nephrectomy (MIPN). We retrospectively reviewed 350 consecutive patients who underwent a MIPN between 2013 and 2014. Tumor complexity was evaluated according to the ABC scoring system. Complications, surgical, and renal outcomes were recorded. There were respectively 36 (10.3%), 229 (65.4%), 43 (12.3%), and 42 (12.0%) patients in category 1, 2, 3S, 3H. Multivariate regression showed category assignment was associated with warm ischemia time (P < 0.001), estimated blood loss (P = 0.001), and operative time (P = 0.032). On multivariate analyses, tumor size was the only independent predictor of overall (P = 0.035) and minor (P = 0.032) complications, but ABC category failed to predict complications (P > 0.05 for all). For renal function, ABC category failed to predict postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate at 1 day and 6 months (P > 0.05 for both). In MIPN, the ABC scoring system predicted a prolonged warm ischemia time and operative time, and an added estimated blood loss. This scoring system was not a predictor for the occurrence of complications and postoperative renal function. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Eradication rate and histological changes after Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment in gastric cancer patients following subtotal gastrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Jae Jin; Lee, Dong Ho; Kang, Kyu Keun; Lee, Ae-Ra; Yoon, Hyuk; Shin, Cheol Min; Park, Young Soo; Kim, Nayoung

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the eradication rate and histological changes after Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication treatment following subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 610 patients with H. pylori infection who had undergone surgery for either early or advanced gastric adenocarcinoma between May 2004 and December 2010 were retrospectively studied. A total of 584 patients with proven H. pylori infection after surgery for gastric cancer were enrolled in this study. Patients received a seven day standard triple regimen as first-line therapy and a 10 d bismuth-containing quadruple regimen as second-line therapy in cases of eradication failure. The patients underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) between six and 12 mo after surgery, followed by annual EGDs. A further EGD was conducted 12 mo after confirming the result of the eradication and the histological changes. A gastric biopsy specimen for histological examination and Campylobacter-like organism testing was obtained from the lesser and greater curvature of the corpus of the remnant stomach. Histological changes in the gastric mucosa were assessed using the updated Sydney system before eradication therapy and at follow-up after 12 mo. RESULTS: Eradication rates with the first-line and second-line therapies were 78.4% (458/584) and 90% (36/40), respectively, by intention-to-treat analysis and 85.3% (458/530) and 92.3% (36/39), respectively, by per-protocol analysis. The univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that Billroth II surgery was an independent factor predictive of eradication success in the eradication success group (OR = 1.53, 95%CI: 1.41-1.65, P = 0.021). The atrophy and intestinal metaplasia (IM) scores 12 mo after eradication were significantly lower in the eradication success group than in the eradication failure group (0.25 ± 0.04 vs 0.47 ± 0.12, P = 0.023; 0.27 ± 0.04 vs 0.51 ± 0.12, P = 0.015, respectively). The atrophy and IM scores 12 mo after successful

  20. National Trends in the Utilization of Partial Nephrectomy Before and After the Establishment of AUA guidelines for the Management of Renal Masses

    PubMed Central

    Bjurlin, Marc A.; Walter, Dawn; Taksler, Glen B.; Huang, William C.; Wysock, James S.; Sivarajan, Ganesh; Loeb, Stacy; Taneja, Samir S.; Makarov, Danil V.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To assess the impact of the American Urological Association guidelines advocating partial nephrectomy for T1 tumors guidelines on the likelihood of undergoing partial nephrectomy. Materials and Methods We analyzed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a dataset encompassing 20% of all United States inpatient hospitalizations, from 2007 through 2010. Our dependent variable was receipt of radical vs. partial nephrectomy (55.50, 55.51, 55.52, and 55.54 vs. 55.4) for a renal mass (ICD-9 code 189.0). The independent variable of interest was time of surgery (before or after the establishment of AUA guidelines); covariates included a diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD), overall comorbidity, age, race, gender, geographic region, income, and hospital characteristics. Bivariate and multivariable adjusted logistic regression was used to determine the association between receipt of partial nephrectomy and time of guideline establishment. Results We identified 26,165 patients with renal tumors who underwent surgery. Prior to the guidelines, 4031 (27%) patients underwent partial nephrectomy compared to 3559 (32%) after. On multivariable analysis, undergoing surgery after the establishment of guidelines (OR 1.20 [95% Cl 1.08-1.32], p<0.01) was an independent predictor of partial nephrectomy. Other factors associated with partial nephrectomy were urban location, surgery at a teaching hospital, large hospital bed size, Northeast location, and Black race. Female gender and CKD were not associated with partial nephrectomy. Conclusions Although adoption of partial nephrectomy increased after establishment of new guidelines on renal masses, partial nephrectomy remains an underutilized procedure. Future research must focus on barriers to adoption of partial nephrectomy and how to overcome them. PMID:24295245

  1. Renal Function After Ifosfamide, Carboplatin, and Etoposide (ICE) Chemotherapy, Nephrectomy, and Radiotherapy in Children With Wilms Tumour

    PubMed Central

    Daw, Najat C.; Gregornik, David; Rodman, John; Marina, Neyssa; Wu, Jianrong; Kun, Larry E.; Jenkins, Jesse J.; McPherson, Valerie; Wilimas, Judith; Jones, Deborah P.

    2009-01-01

    We prospectively evaluated tumour response and renal function in 12 newly-diagnosed children with high-risk Wilms tumour receiving ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (ICE) chemotherapy. Two cycles of ICE were followed by 5 weeks of vincristine, dactinomycin, and doxorubicin (Adriamycin) (VDA), and nephrectomy, radiotherapy, additional VDA, and a third ICE cycle. Carboplatin dosage was based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to achieve targeted systemic exposure (6 mg/ml × min). Mean GFR (measured by technetium 99m-DTPA clearance) declined by 7% after 2 cycles of ICE and by 38% after nephrectomy; the mean carboplatin dose was reduced 32% after nephrectomy. Mean GFR remained stable after the third ICE cycle. Although urinary β2-microglobulin excretion increased during therapy, no patient had clinically significant renal tubular dysfunction at the end of treatment. Treatment with ICE, nephrectomy, and radiotherapy significantly reduces GFR, largely as the result of nephrectomy. Adjustment of carboplatin dosage on the basis of GFR and careful monitoring of renal function may alleviate nephrotoxicity. PMID:18996004

  2. Renal function after ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide (ICE) chemotherapy, nephrectomy and radiotherapy in children with Wilms tumour.

    PubMed

    Daw, Najat C; Gregornik, David; Rodman, John; Marina, Neyssa; Wu, Jianrong; Kun, Larry E; Jenkins, Jesse J; McPherson, Valerie; Wilimas, Judith; Jones, Deborah P

    2009-01-01

    We prospectively evaluated tumour response and renal function in 12 newly diagnosed children with high-risk Wilms tumour receiving ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide (ICE) chemotherapy. Two cycles of ICE were followed by 5 weeks of vincristine, dactinomycin and doxorubicin (Adriamycin) (VDA), and nephrectomy, radiotherapy, additional VDA, and a third ICE cycle. Carboplatin dosage was based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) to achieve targeted systemic exposure (6mg/ml min). Mean GFR (measured by technetium 99m-DTPA clearance) declined by 7% after 2 cycles of ICE and by 38% after nephrectomy; the mean carboplatin dose was reduced 32% after nephrectomy. Mean GFR remained stable after the third ICE cycle. Although urinary beta(2)-microglobulin excretion increased during therapy, no patient had clinically significant renal tubular dysfunction at the end of treatment. Treatment with ICE, nephrectomy and radiotherapy significantly reduces GFR, largely as the result of nephrectomy. Adjustment of carboplatin dosage on the basis of GFR and careful monitoring of renal function may alleviate nephrotoxicity.

  3. Novel method of laparoendoscopic single-site and natural orifice specimen extraction for live donor nephrectomy: single-port laparoscopic donor nephrectomy and transvaginal graft extraction

    PubMed Central

    Jeong, Won Jun; Choi, Byung Jo; Hwang, Jeong Kye; Yuk, Seung Mo; Song, Min Jong

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (DN) has been established as a useful alternative to the traditional open methods of procuring kidneys. To maximize the advantages of the laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) method, we applied natural orifice specimen extraction to LESS-DN. A 46-year-old woman with no previous abdominal surgery history volunteered to donate her left kidney to her husband and underwent single-port laparoscopic DN with transvaginal extraction. The procedure was completed without intraoperative complications. The kidney functioned well immediately after transplantation, and the donor and recipient were respectively discharged 2 days and 2 weeks postoperatively. Single-port laparoscopic DN and transvaginal graft extraction is feasible and safe. PMID:26878020

  4. Successful transfer of frozen-thawed embryos obtained after subtotal colectomy for colorectal cancer and before fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Azem, Foad; Amit, Ami; Merimsky, Ofer; Lessing, Joseph B

    2004-04-01

    Background. Fertility preservation is applied to patients with cancer who may be rendered sterile from chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Fluorouracil is considered as having almost no effect on human reproductive function, although clinical data defining infertility risk is negligible. Case. Controlled ovarian stimulation, in vitro fertilization (IVF), and embryo freezing were performed before fluorouracil-based chemotherapy in a 28-year-old woman who underwent subtotal colectomy for colorectal cancer (CRC). Three years later, when the clinical and hormonal analysis confirmed ovarian failure, two thawed embryos were transferred to the uterus. She gave birth at term to a 3200g infant. Discussion. Women with good prognosis who wish to bear children in the future should be offered fertility preservation options before chemotherapy, even if the likelihood of permanent ovarian failure appears to be negligible.

  5. Subtotal Nasal Reconstruction: Military-civilian Collaboration in Care of an Afghan-American Woman’s Plight

    PubMed Central

    Valerio, Ian; Martin, Barry D.; Burget, Gary; VanderKolk, Craig

    2015-01-01

    Summary: Military plastic surgeons perform reconstructive surgeries for various congenital, oncologic, and traumatic craniofacial injuries or deformities. Recently, our Walter Reed National Military Medical Center Plastic Surgery team was tasked to care for a woman who bravely sought a new and better life in the United States after she suffered amputation of her nose and bilateral ears while in her home country of Afghanistan. A military-civilian team collaborated throughout her reconstructive planning, treatment, and postoperative course to create both an aesthetically acceptable and functional subtotal nasal reconstruction. This case report details the patient’s unique journey, her reconstructive course, and highlights her reintegration into a new life and society. PMID:26301136

  6. Stein’s Double Cross-Lip Flaps Combined with Johanson’s Step Technique for Subtotal Lower Lip Reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Roldán, J. Camilo

    2016-01-01

    Background: In a previous study, a single cross-lip flap (Abbe flap) combined with Johanson’s step technique for repair of defects of more than 2/3 of the lower lip was superior, in terms of aesthetic and functional outcome, compared with Bernard Webster–related techniques (cheek advancement). Herewith, a double cross-lip flap (Stein procedure) is proposed for repair of subtotal lower lip defects. A systematic review of the Stein procedure is provided. Methods: Two patients underwent a paramedian double cross-lip flap, preserving the aesthetic subunit philtrum column combined with the Johanson’s step technique. The aesthetic and functional outcomes and the surgical steps are demonstrated in the videos. An electromyographic study was performed 6 months and 4 years after surgery. A PubMed and a Google Scholar search were performed for the Stein procedure published in 1848. Results: Lip competence was achieved directly after sectioning of the cross-lip pedicles in both patients. Lips progressivity expanded in the first 6 months. No microstomia was observed. Electromyography showed successful reinnervation of the transplanted muscles at 6 months. Four years after surgery, the electromyographic findings were consolidated. Since 1975, 7 articles on the double cross-lip procedure have been published: 4 in English, 1 in French, and 2 in Japanese. None of those articles reported on any supplemental lower lip advancement or on any electromyographic study. Conclusions: The rationale of using 2 cross-lip flaps and a lip-cheek advancement according to Johanson seems to achieve functionally and aesthetically superior results compared with other techniques described for subtotal lower lip reconstruction. PMID:27014544

  7. A 15-year review of midface reconstruction after total and subtotal maxillectomy: part I. Algorithm and outcomes.

    PubMed

    Cordeiro, Peter G; Chen, Constance M

    2012-01-01

    Reconstruction of complex midfacial defects is best approached with a clear algorithm. The goals of reconstruction are functional and aesthetic. Over a 15-year period (1992 to 2006), a single surgeon (P.G.C.) performed 100 flaps to reconstruct the following midfacial defects: type I, limited maxillectomy (n = 20); type IIA, subtotal maxillectomy with resection of less than 50 percent of the palate (n = 8); type IIB, subtotal maxillectomy with resection of greater than 50 percent of the palate (n = 8); type IIIA, total maxillectomy with preservation of the orbital contents (n = 22); type IIIB, total maxillectomy with orbital exenteration (n = 23); and type IV, orbitomaxillectomy (n = 19). Free flaps were used in 94 cases (94 percent), and pedicled flaps were used in six (6 percent). One hundred flaps were performed in 96 patients (69 males, 72 percent; 27 females, 28 percent); four patients underwent a second flap reconstruction due to recurrent disease (n = 4, 4 percent). Average patient age was 49.2 years (range, 13 to 81 years). Free-flap survival was 100 percent, with one partial flap loss (1 percent). Five patients suffered systemic complications (5.2 percent), and four died within 30 days of hospitalization (4.2 percent). Over 50 percent of patients returned to normal diet and speech. Almost 60 percent were judged to have an excellent aesthetic result. Free-tissue transfer offers the most effective and reliable form of reconstruction for complex maxillectomy defects. Rectus abdominis and radial forearm free flaps in combination with immediate bone grafting or as osteocutaneous flaps consistently provide the best functional and aesthetic results. Therapeutic, IV.

  8. Short-Term Left Ventricular Remodeling After Revascularization in Subacute Total and Subtotal Occlusion With the Infarct-Related Left Anterior Descending Artery

    PubMed Central

    Celik, Ahmet; Kalay, Nihat; Korkmaz, Hasan; Dogdu, Orhan; Sahin, Omer; Elcik, Deniz; Karacavus, Seyhan; Dogan, Ali; Inanc, Tugrul; Ozdogru, Ibrahim; Oguzhan, Abdurrahman; Topsakal, Ramazan

    2011-01-01

    Background Large randomized studies revealed that percutaneous coronary intervention has no clinical benefit in patients with total occlusion. The purpose of this study is to evaluate left ventricular remodelling after PCI for total and subtotal infarct-related left anterior desending artery in stable patients who have not received trombolytic theraphy. Methods Sixty stable patients with subacute anterior myocardial infarction who have total or subtotal occlusion in the infarct-related left anterior descending artery were enrolled the study (20 patient in the total-medical group, 20 patient in the total-PCI group and 20 patient in the subtotal-PCI group). All patients’ left ventricular diameters, volumes and ejection fractions measured at admission and after a month. Results The necrotic segment number in scintigraphy were similar in three groups. In the total-PCI group, there were significant increases in left ventricular diastolic diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic volume and left ventricular end-systolic volume at first month. A borderline significant increase was observed in LVEDV in the total-medical group at first month. No significant difference was seen in all echocardiographic parameters in the subtotal-PCI group at a month after discharge. The percentage of increase in LVEDV was significantly higher and the percentage of increase in LVESV was borderline significantly higher in the total-PCI group than the other groups. Conclusions In stable patients, PCI for total occlusion in the subacute phase of anterior MI causes an increase in LV remodeling. Nevertheless PCI for subtotal occlusion in the subacute phase of anterior MI may prevent LV remodeling.

  9. Late effect of subtotal thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine therapy on calcitonin secretion and bone mineral density in women treated for Graves' disease

    SciTech Connect

    Lowery, W.D.; Thomas, C.G. Jr.; Awbrey, B.J.; Rosenstein, B.D.; Talmage, R.V.

    1986-12-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the effect of subtotal thyroidectomy and/or radioactive iodine therapy on plasma immunocalcitonin (iCT) levels and bone densities in patients treated for Graves' disease. Forty-eight women whose ages ranged from 29 to 79 years (mean, 55 years) were evaluated. All were at least 10 years beyond treatment. Fourteen patients had undergone subtotal thyroidectomy, 22 had received radioactive iodine therapy, and 12 had received both. Serum calcitonin levels were measured with the patient fasting and at 30 minutes and 2 hours after the ingestion of 15 mg of calcium in orange juice. Single photon absorptiometry was used to measure bone mineral density of the middle and distal radius. The mean fasting plasma levels of iCT for patients undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy was 27 +/- 2 mumol/L; women treated with radioactive iodine, 26 +/- 2; women undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy followed by radioactive iodine, 24 +/- 2, and for normal control women, 48.5 +/- 4.7. The mean stimulated iCT level of each of the patient groups was significantly lower than that of the normal controls (p = 0.01). There were no significant differences among the groups. Although there was an increased loss of bone mineral density in postmenopausal patients, with age and race as covariates, the bone densities of the distal radius in women undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy and/or receiving radioactive iodine were not significantly lower than those of normal control subjects (p greater than 0.05). These findings are consistent with other observations that patients treated by thyroidectomy and/or radioactive iodine for Graves' disease have lower basal levels of calcitonin and decreased calcitonin response to a provocative stimulus. Whether this loss of calcitonin reserve is a significant factor in development of postmenopausal osteoporosis remains unanswered.

  10. Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation with concurrent allograft nephrectomy for recipients with prior renal transplants lost to BK virus nephropathy: two case reports.

    PubMed

    Kubal, S; Powelson, J A; Taber, T E; Goble, M L; Fridell, J A

    2010-01-01

    Candidacy for retransplantation after allograft loss due to BK virus-associated nephropathy (BKVN) with or without allograft nephrectomy is controversial. This report describes 2 renal transplant recipients who lost their grafts to BKVN and subsequently underwent simultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation with allograft nephrectomy.

  11. Partial and Radical Nephrectomy for Unilateral Synchronous Multifocal Renal Cortical Tumors

    PubMed Central

    Mano, Roy; Kent, Matthew; Larish, Yaniv; Winer, Andrew G.; Chevinsky, Michael S.; Hakimi, A. Ari; Sternberg, Itay A.; Sjoberg, Daniel D.; Russo, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate clinicopathologic characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients undergoing partial (PN) or radical nephrectomy (RN) for unilateral synchronous multifocal renal tumors. Methods We retrospectively reviewed medical records for 128 patients with non-metastatic unilateral synchronous multifocal renal tumors who underwent surgical resection at our institution from 1995 to 2012. Five patients with hereditary renal cell carcinoma were excluded. Differences between patient and tumor characteristics from the two nephrectomy groups were evaluated. Outcomes in terms of recurrence-free survival, overall survival, and chronic kidney disease upstaging were estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. The log-rank test was used for group comparisons. Results The study cohort included 78 PN patients (63%) and 45 RN patients (37%); 17/95 planned PN (18%) were converted to RN. Tumor diameter and R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry scores were greater in RN patients (p<0.0001 and p=0.0002, respectively). Pathological stage T3 was seen in 40% of RN patients and 10% of PN patients (p=0.0002). Histologic concordance was apparent in 60/123 patients (49%). Median follow-up for patients alive without a recurrence was 4 years. Five-year recurrence-free survival was 98% for PN and 85% for RN. Five-year overall survival was 96% for PN and 86% for RN (p=0.5). Five-year freedom from chronic kidney disease upstaging was 74% for PN, and 55% for RN (p=0.11). Conclusion Partial nephrectomy for the treatment of unilateral synchronous multifocal renal tumors with favorable characteristics was associated with a low recurrence rate. These findings suggest PN is an appropriate management strategy for this group of carefully selected patients. PMID:25872696

  12. Use of biological Glue (Bioglue®) in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: a study in pigs.

    PubMed

    Brandão, Luis Felipe; Torricelli, Fabio Cesar Miranda; Melo, Glauco; Takano, Luiz Cesar Fernando; Mitre, Anuar Ibrahim; Arap, Marco Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Partial nephrectomy is the standard of care for localized renal tumors. However, bleeding and warm ischemia time are still controversial when laparoscopic surgeries are carried out. Herein, we aim to compare the outcomes from laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with and without the use of biological glue with purified bovine albumin and glutaraldehyde (BioGlue ®). Twenty-four kidneys of 12 pigs were used in this study. A pre-determined lower pole segment was resected (3 cm x 1 cm) and one of two different hemostatic techniques was performed. In one kidney, hemostatic ″ U suture ″ (poliglecaprone 3.0) was performed and in the contra-lateral kidney, only the biological glue was applied. Data recorded was comprised of warm ischemia time (seconds) and estimated blood loss (mL) for each procedure. In cases of bleeding after glue administration, a complementary suture was done. Mean warm ischemia time was 492.9 ± 113.1 (351-665) seconds and 746 ± 185.3 (409-1125) seconds for biological glue and suture groups, respectively. There was a positive significant difference in terms of warm ischemia favoring the biological glue group over the suture group (p<0.001). Mean blood loss was 39.4 (0-115) mL for the biological glue group and 39.1 (5-120) mL for the suture group (p=0.62). Biological glue is an important tool for laparoscopic partial nephrectomies. It is effective for hemostatic control in selected cases, and it can be used in combination with the traditional suture techniques.

  13. Use of biological Glue (Bioglue®) in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: a study in pigs

    PubMed Central

    Brandão, Luis Felipe; Torricelli, Fabio Cesar Miranda; Melo, Glauco; Takano, Luiz Fernando; Mitre, Anuar Ibrahim; Arap, Marco Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Partial nephrectomy is the standard of care for localized renal tumors. However, bleeding and warm ischemia time are still controversial when laparoscopic surgeries are carried out. Herein, we aim to compare the outcomes from laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with and without the use of biological glue with purified bovine albumin and glutaraldehyde (BioGlue®). Materials and Methods Twenty-four kidneys of 12 pigs were used in this study. A pre-determined lower pole segment was resected (3 cm x 1 cm) and one of two different hemostatic techniques was performed. In one kidney, hemostatic “U suture” (poliglecaprone 3.0) was performed and in the contra-lateral kidney, only the biological glue was applied. Data recorded was comprised of warm ischemia time (seconds) and estimated blood loss (mL) for each procedure. In cases of bleeding after glue administration, a complementary suture was done. Results Mean warm ischemia time was 492.9±113.1 (351-665) seconds and 746±185.3 (409-1125) seconds for biological glue and suture groups, respectively. There was a positive significant difference in terms of warm ischemia favoring the biological glue group over the suture group (p<0.001). Mean blood loss was 39.4 (0-115) mL for the biological glue group and 39.1 (5-120) mL for the suture group (p=0.62). Conclusion Biological glue is an important tool for laparoscopic partial nephrectomies. It is effective for hemostatic control in selected cases, and it can be used in combination with the traditional suture techniques. PMID:26005989

  14. Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy for T1b Tumors: Strict Trifecta Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Tufek, Ilter; Doganca, Tunkut; Obek, Can; Argun, Omer Burak; Tuna, Mustafa Bilal; Keskin, Mehmet Selcuk; Kural, Ali Rıza

    2017-01-01

    Background and Objectives: “Trifecta” in partial nephrectomy consists of negative surgical margins, minimal renal function decrease and absence of complications. In the present article, our single-center robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) experience in T1b renal masses is reported in terms of strict Trifecta outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of patients with a tumor diameter between 4 and 7 cm (stage T1b), who underwent RAPN by a single surgeon. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were recorded and analyzed to evaluate short-term functional and oncologic outcomes. Patients with absence of grade ≥ 2 Clavien-Dindo complications, warm ischemia time (WIT) ≤25 minutes, ≤15% postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decrease and negative surgical margins were reported to achieve strict Trifecta outcomes. P < .05 was indicated statistically significant. Results: A total of 150 patients underwent RAPN, and 50 patients were identified with tumor size between 4 and 7 cm. Mean WIT was 20.8 ± 6.2 minutes and mean estimated blood loss (EBL) was 269 ± 191 mL. Surgical margins were negative in all patients. Eleven patients (22%) had a >15% eGFR decrease after surgery. Nine patients (18%) had WIT longer than 25 minutes. Four patients (8%) had grade ≥2 Clavien-Dindo complications. Twenty-nine (58%) patients had strict Trifecta outcomes. Mean follow-up was 44.2 ± 27.2 months. Tumor recurrence was not observed in any patient. Conclusions: Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for T1b renal masses can be safely performed in experienced hands. Optimal strict Trifecta outcomes and recurrence rates can be achieved. PMID:28352149

  15. Laparoendoscopic single-site simple nephrectomy using a magnetic anchoring system in a porcine model

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Young Hyo; Lee, Hye Won; Lee, Seo Yeon; Han, Deok Hyun; Seo, Seong Il; Jeon, Seong Soo; Lee, Hyun Moo; Choi, Han Yong

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Magnetic anchoring devices may reduce the number of port sites needed in laparoscopic surgery. In this study, we prospectively assessed the feasibility of using a magnetic anchoring and guidance system (MAGS) in laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery performed by novices. Materials and Methods A total of 10 LESS simple nephrectomies were performed with or without MAGS in a nonsurvival porcine model by 6 operators with no previous LESS surgery experience. After installation of the homemade single port, an intra-abdominal magnet was fixed to the renal parenchyma with suturing and stabilized by an external magnet placed on the flank so that the position of the kidney could be easily changed by moving the external handheld magnet. The length of the procedure and any intraoperative complications were evaluated. Results Operative time (mean±standard deviation) was shorter in the group using the magnetic anchoring device (M-LESS-N) than in the group with conventional LESS nephrectomy (C-LESS-N) (63±20.8 minutes vs. 82±40.7 minutes, respectively). Although all nephrectomies were completed uneventfully in the M-LESS-N group, renal vein injury occurred during dissection of the renal hilum in two cases of C-LESS-N and was resolved by simultaneous transection of the renal artery and vein with an Endo-GIA stapler. Conclusions LESS-N using MAGS is a feasible technique for surgeons with no LESS surgery experience. Taking into account the 2 cases of renal vein injury in the C-LESS-N group, the application of MAGS may be beneficial for overcoming the learning curve of LESS surgery. PMID:27195320

  16. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: current status, techniques, and future directions.

    PubMed

    Babbar, Paurush; Hemal, Ashok K

    2012-02-01

    Open partial nephrectomy for the treatment of small renal masses (SRMs) concerning for renal cell carcinoma has been increasingly utilized with the increased incidental detection of SRMs and the growing recognition of the benefits of renal preservation. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) is a minimally invasive technique that achieves comparable oncologic and improved morbidity outcomes when compared to the open procedure. However, LPN is a technically demanding procedure resulting in a long learning curve and a lack of widespread adoption. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) overcomes many of the technical hurdles of the LPN and is now coming to the forefront for the minimally invasive surgical management of SRMs. To date, the short-term oncologic outcomes of RAPN have been comparable to the open operation while providing the improved morbidity outcomes of LPN. Although encouraging, we await the long-term oncologic results of this new and promising procedure. The current bottleneck is an issue of cost and reliance on a patient-side surgeon. Future developments in instrumentation, newer robots, cost reduction, more streamlined training, increased robotic experience, and adoption by more centers will lead to greater benefit for patients with SRMs requiring nephron-sparing surgery. This review will discuss techniques for RAPN and then delve into the current status of RAPN using parameters such as warm ischemia time, blood loss, hospital stay, oncological outcomes, complications, learning curve, and quality of life. There will be an exploration of potential disadvantages associated with RAPN followed by a look at evolving techniques in regard to this groundbreaking procedure.

  17. Intraoperative sonography during open partial nephrectomy for renal cell cancer: does it alter surgical management?

    PubMed

    Bhosale, Priya R; Wei, Wei; Ernst, Randy D; Bathala, Tharakeswara K; Reading, Rhoda M; Wood, Christopher G; Bedi, Deepak G

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) during open partial nephrectomy alters the surgical management for renal cell cancer (RCC). One hundred ninety-eight consecutive patients undergoing IOUS during open partial nephrectomy for RCC were selected for retrospective review of clinical and imaging data. Patient age and sex, the local extent of the primary lesion, and the presence of additional lesions were recorded. Ultrasound findings were compared with preoperative CT or MRI to determine whether the IOUS findings changed surgical management. Summary statistics were performed to assess what percentage of patients with additional IOUS findings had a change in their surgical management. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates for all patients. Patients were followed for 9-12 years to assess survival and measure recurrence rates. Twenty-one of 198 patients (10.6%; 95% CI, 6.7-15.8%) had additional findings on IOUS not seen on preoperative imaging. As a result, surgery was modified in 15 of these 21 patients (71.4%; 95% CI, 47.8-88.7%). The 5-year OS rate was 81%, and the EFS rate was 76% for the whole group; most deaths were due to unrelated causes. There was no statistically significant difference in OS (p = 0.867) and EFS (p = 0.069) rates among patients who had a change of management because of additional lesions seen by IOUS. IOUS performed during open partial nephrectomy for resection of RCC shows additional findings compared with preoperative cross-sectional imaging that may alter surgical management.

  18. Resolution of renal adenocarcinoma-induced secondary inappropriate polycythaemia after nephrectomy in two cats.

    PubMed

    Klainbart, Sigal; Segev, Gilad; Loeb, Emmanuel; Melamed, Dana; Aroch, Itamar

    2008-07-01

    Two cases of secondary, inappropriate polycythaemia caused by renal adenocarcinoma in domestic shorthair cats, are described. The cats were 9 and 12 years old and both were presented because of generalised seizures presumably due to hyperviscosity. Both cats had a markedly increased haematocrit (0.770 and 0.632 l/l) and thrombocytosis (744 x 10(9)/l and 926 x 10(9)/l). An abdominal ultrasound revealed a mass in the cranial pole of one kidney in both cats. Serum erythropoietin (EPO) concentration was within the reference interval (RI) in both cats but was inappropriately high considering the markedly increased haematocrit. The cats were initially stabilised and managed by multiple phlebotomies and intravenous fluid therapy and underwent nephrectomy of the affected kidney later on. Both the polycythaemia and thrombocytosis resolved following surgery. Postoperative serum EPO concentration, measured in one cat, decreased markedly. Histopathology of the affected kidneys confirmed a diagnosis of renal adenocarcinoma. Both cats were stable for an 8-month follow-up period; however, one cat had developed a stable chronic kidney disease (CKD), while the other was represented 8 months postoperatively due to dyspnoea, and had radiographic evidence of lung metastasis, presumably because of the spread of the original renal tumour and was euthanased. Initial stabilisation of polycythaemic cats should include multiple phlebotomies. Nephrectomy should be considered in cats with secondary, inappropriate, renal adenocarcinoma-related polycythaemia when only one kidney is affected by the tumour, and provided that the other kidney's function is satisfactory. Nephrectomy should be expected to resolve the polycythaemia and lead to normalisation of serum EPO concentration.

  19. Non-invasive monitoring of tissue oxygenation during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Crane, Nicole J; Pinto, Peter A; Hale, Douglas; Gage, Frederick A; Tadaki, Doug; Kirk, Allan D; Levin, Ira W; Elster, Eric A

    2008-01-01

    Background Standard methods for assessment of organ viability during surgery are typically limited to visual cues and tactile feedback in open surgery. However, during laparoscopic surgery, these processes are impaired. This is of particular relevance during laparoscopic renal donation, where the condition of the kidney must be optimized despite considerable manipulation. However, there is no in vivo methodology to monitor renal parenchymal oxygenation during laparoscopic surgery. Methods We have developed a method for the real time, in vivo, whole organ assessment of tissue oxygenation during laparoscopic nephrectomy to convey meaningful biological data to the surgeon during laparoscopic surgery. We apply the 3-CCD (charge coupled device) camera to monitor qualitatively renal parenchymal oxygenation with potential real-time video capability. Results We have validated this methodology in a porcine model across a range of hypoxic conditions, and have then applied the method during clinical laparoscopic donor nephrectomies during clinically relevant pneumoperitoneum. 3-CCD image enhancement produces mean region of interest (ROI) intensity values that can be directly correlated with blood oxygen saturation measurements (R2 > 0.96). The calculated mean ROI intensity values obtained at the beginning of the laparoscopic nephrectomy do not differ significantly from mean ROI intensity values calculated immediately before kidney removal (p > 0.05). Conclusion Here, using the 3-CCD camera, we qualitatively monitor tissue oxygenation. This means of assessing intraoperative tissue oxygenation may be a useful method to avoid unintended ischemic injury during laparoscopic surgery. Preliminary results indicate that no significant changes in renal oxygenation occur as a result of pneumoperitoneum. PMID:18419819

  20. Hospitalization for partial nephrectomy was not associated with intrathecal opioid analgesia: Retrospective analysis

    PubMed Central

    Weingarten, Toby N.; Del Mundo, Serena B.; Yeoh, Tze Yeng; Scavonetto, Federica; Leibovich, Bradley C.; Sprung, Juraj

    2014-01-01

    Background: The aim of this retrospective study is to test the hypothesis that the use of spinal analgesia shortens the length of hospital stay after partial nephrectomy. Materials and Methods: We reviewed all patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for malignancy through flank incision between January 1, 2008, and June 30, 2011. We excluded patients who underwent tumor thrombectomy, used sustained-release opioids, or had general anesthesia supplemented by epidural analgesia. Patients were grouped into “spinal” (intrathecal opioid injection for postoperative analgesia) versus “general anesthetic” group, and “early” discharge group (within 3 postoperative days) versus “late” group. Association between demographics, patient physical status, anesthetic techniques, and surgical complexity and hospital stay were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results: Of 380 patients, 158 (41.6%) were discharged “early” and 151 (39.7%) were “spinal” cases. Both spinal and early discharge groups had better postoperative pain control and used less postoperative systemic opioids. Spinal analgesia was associated with early hospital discharge, odds ratio 1.52, (95% confidence interval 1.00-2.30), P = 0.05, but in adjusted analysis was no longer associated with early discharge, 1.16 (0.73-1.86), P = 0.52. Early discharge was associated with calendar year, with more recent years being associated with early discharge. Conclusion: Spinal analgesia combined with general anesthesia was associated with improved postoperative pain control during the 1st postoperative day, but not with shorter hospital stay following partial nephrectomy. Therefore, unaccounted practice changes that occurred during more recent times affected hospital stay. PMID:25422611

  1. Predictors of nephrectomy in high grade blunt renal trauma patients treated primarily with conservative intent.

    PubMed

    Prasad, Narla Hari; Devraj, Rahul; Chandriah, G Ram; Sagar, S Vidya; Reddy, Ch Ram; Murthy, Pisapati Venkata Lakshmi Narsimha

    2014-04-01

    There is no consensus on the optimal management of high grade renal trauma. Delayed surgery increases the likelihood of secondary hemorrhage and persistent urinary extravasation, whereas immediate surgery results in high renal loss. Hence, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the predictors of nephrectomy and outcome of high Grade (III-V) renal injury, treated primarily with conservative intent. The records of 55 patients who were admitted to our institute with varying degrees of blunt renal trauma from January 2005 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Grade III-V renal injury was defined as high grade blunt renal trauma and was present in 44 patients. The factors analyzed to predict emergency intervention were demographic profile, grade of injury, degree of hemodynamic instability, requirement of blood transfusion, need for intervention, mode of intervention, and duration of intensive care unit stay. Rest of the 40 patients with high grade injury (grade 3 and 4)did not require emergency intervention and underwent a trail of conservative management. 7 of the 40 patients with high grade renal injury (grade 3 and 4), who were managed conservatively experienced complications requiring procedural intervention and three required a delayed nephrectomy. Presence of grade V injuries with hemodynamic instability and requirement of more than 10 packed cell units for resuscitation were predictors of nephrectomy. Predictors of complications were urinary extravasation and hemodynamic instability at presentation. Majority of the high grade renal injuries can be successfully managed conservatively. Grade V injuries and the need for more packed cell transfusions during resuscitation predict the need for emergency intervention.

  2. Impact of fellowship training on robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: benchmarking perioperative safety and outcomes.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Abby S; Lee, Bruce; Rawal, Bhupendra; Thiel, David D

    2015-06-01

    To provide perioperative benchmark data for surgeons entering practice from formal robotic training and performing robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RAPN). Perioperative outcomes of the first 100 RAPN from a surgeon entering into practice directly from robotic fellowship training were analyzed. Postoperative complications were categorized by Clavien-Dindo grade. Surgical "trifecta scores" and Margin, Ischemia, and Complication (MIC) scoring were utilized to assess surgical outcomes. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS (version 9.2; SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, North Carolina). Median age of the cohort was 63 years (22-81 years), and 34 (34.3%) patients were over age 65. Forty-one (41.4%) patients had a BMI > 30. Thirteen (13.1%) had RENAL 10-12 tumors, 22 of which (22.2%) were >4 cm in size. Median warm ischemia time was 17 min, and 13 patients had resection without warm ischemia. Five patients were converted to open partial nephrectomy, and 1 patient was converted to laparoscopic nephrectomy. Twenty-one patients (21.2%) experienced a complication, 6 of whom had a major (Clavien grade 3 or higher) complication with one grade 5 complication. Operating room time decreased with experience, but surgical complications and hospital stay did not change with experience. MIC score of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients was 74.7%, while the surgical trifecta was reached in 71.3 % of RCC patients. Surgeons may enter practice directly from formal robotic training and perform RAPN with perioperative outcomes, surgical complications, surgical trifecta scores, and MIC scoring in line with those the most experienced robotic partial nephrectomists.

  3. Solitary parotid metastasis 8 years after a nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Hussain, Faiz; Yedavalli, Nina; Loeffler, David; Kajdacsy-Balla, Andre

    2016-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma is a common cancer, known for its aggressive behavior and ability to metastasize nearly every organ system in the body. While the cancer commonly spreads to a select few organs and metastasis usually develops within 5 years of diagnosis, there have been numerous case reports of atypical sites of metastasis and cases of relapse up to decades after treatment. We present a case a 65-year-old male who presented with right preauricular swelling 8 years after the initial diagnosis and right nephrectomy for clear cell renal cell cancer. We take a look at previous case reports with similar presentations. PMID:27609721

  4. Bilateral simultaneous single-port (LESS) laparoscopic nephrectomy (laparoendoscopic single site surgery)

    PubMed Central

    Page, Toby; Soomro, N. A.

    2010-01-01

    Minimal access surgery is rapidly expanding and currently single-port surgery is at the forefront of laparoscopy. Operating through a single port is technically demanding but through advances in camera design and instrument design, it is now gaining popularity. It offers minimal scar surgery as well as decreased postoperative pain and swift recovery. Here we present a case of bilateral simultaneous single-port laparoscopic nephrectomy (LESS) laparoendoscopic single site surgery in a 51-year-old man. Illustrating that LESS can be used by surgeons with laparoscopic skills outside of a few major international centers. PMID:21369399

  5. Anaesthetic management of a patient with deep brain stimulation implant for radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Khetarpal, Monica; Yadav, Monu; Kulkarni, Dilip; Gopinath, R

    2014-07-01

    A 63-year-old man with severe Parkinson's disease (PD) who had been implanted with deep brain stimulators into both sides underwent radical nephrectomy under general anaesthesia with standard monitoring. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an alternative and effective treatment option for severe and refractory PD and other illnesses such as essential tremor and intractable epilepsy. Anaesthesia in the patients with implanted neurostimulator requires special consideration because of the interaction between neurostimulator and the diathermy. The diathermy can damage the brain tissue at the site of electrode. There are no standard guidelines for the anaesthetic management of a patient with DBS electrode in situ posted for surgery.

  6. Bloodless Partial Nephrectomy Through Application of Non-Focused High-Intensity Ultrasound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murat, François-Joseph; Lafon, Cyril; Gelet, Albert; Martin, Xavier; Cathignol, Dominique

    2005-03-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the hemostatic ability of a new interstitial applicator composed of a planar ultrasonic transducer with a reflector, during partial nephrectomy in a porcine model. The new applicator was designed to make effective use of all the acoustic energy to coagulate the renal tissue . Placement of the reflector opposite the transducer allows use of all the acoustic energy for coagulation. Despite the low transmission frequency, it is possible to work at a relatively weak intensity, with the aid of the reflector. As a result, intense cooling of the transducer is no longer needed. The transducer functions at a frequency of 3.78 MHz. A movable brass plate was mounted to the applicator, parallel to the transducer, to reflect energy that was not absorbed during ultrasound wave transmission. Additionally, the plate served to immobilize the kidney during the treatment. Our methodology was to expose the kidneys of 9 pigs through abdominal laparotomy. An initial series of experiments on 5 pigs allowed exposure conditions to be selected. Thermocouples were implanted in the kidneys after exposure at 15, 20, and 25 mm from the renal capsule surface. The remaining 4 pigs underwent ultrasound treatment with the applicator before a bilateral lower pole partial nephrectomy. The treatment consisted of juxtaposing elementary lesions (made at an intensity of 26 W/cm2 for 50 seconds) circumferentially in a subhilar location. The hemostatic efficacy was evaluated just after the shots and during the 30 minutes that followed the sectioning of the kidney's lower pole. In the event of persistent bleeding, an it was possible form an elementary lesion opposite the insufficiently treated zone. For an exposure duration of 50 seconds at 26 W/cm2, the lesions obtained covered the total thickness of the kidney, which varied between 22 and 36 mm. The temperatures observed within the treated tissues were 62°, 59°, and 58°C at 15, 20 and 25 mm respectively from the

  7. Renal artery stenosis and hypertension after abdominal irradiation for Hodgkin disease. Successful treatment with nephrectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Salvi, S.; Green, D.M.; Brecher, M.L.; Magoos, I.; Gamboa, L.N.; Fisher, J.E.; Baliah, T.; Afshani, E.

    1983-06-01

    Hypertension secondary to stenosis of the left renal artery developed in a thirteen-year-old male six years after completion of inverted Y irradiation (3,600 rad) for abdominal Hodgkin disease. Surgical treatment with nephrectomy resulted in control of the hypertension without the use of antihypertensive agents. We review the literature for this unusual complication of abdominal irradiation, and recommend that a 99mTc-DMSA renal scan, selective renal vein sampling for renin determinations, and renal arteriography be performed on any patient in whom hypertension develops following abdominal irradiation in childhood.

  8. Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to gallbladder: a survival advantage to simultaneous nephrectomy and cholecystectomy.

    PubMed

    Hellenthal, Nicholas J; Stewart, Gregory S; Cambio, Angelo J; Delair, Sean M

    2007-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma is a relatively uncommon cancer. Patients presenting with a renal adenocarcinoma are often found to have evidence of metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis. Herein, we describe the case of a 39-year-old male with renal cell carcinoma and a synchronous metastatic focus to the gallbladder. The patient underwent a successful simultaneous nephrectomy and cholecystectomy and is doing well 30 months after surgery without evidence of disease recurrence. A thorough metastatic work-up along with aggressive surgical intervention in patients with renal cell carcinoma and unusual metastatic foci can provide a long-term favorable outcome.

  9. Laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy with controlled hypotensive anesthesia to avoid hilar clamping: feasibility, safety and perioperative functional outcomes.

    PubMed

    Papalia, Rocco; Simone, Giuseppe; Ferriero, Mariaconsiglia; Costantini, Manuela; Guaglianone, Salvatore; Forastiere, Ester; Gallucci, Michele

    2012-04-01

    We evaluated the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic and robotic assisted partial nephrectomy with controlled hypotensive anesthesia to avoid hilar clamping and eliminate renal ischemia. A total of 60 patients with renal tumors who were candidates for nephron sparing surgery and had no contraindication to hypotensive anesthesia underwent partial nephrectomy without hilar clamping and with controlled hypotension during tumor excision. A total of 40 laparoscopic partial nephrectomies and 20 robotic assisted partial nephrectomies were done. All patients who were candidates for laparoscopic or robotic assisted partial nephrectomy regardless of tumor site, size or growth pattern were included in study. The surgical field was assessed for bleeding and visibility using a numerical rating scale. Median tumor size was 3.6 cm (range 1.8 to 10), median operative time was 2 hours (range 1 to 3.5), median blood loss was 200 ml (range 30 to 700 ml) and median hospital stay was 3 days (range 3 to 8). All margins were negative. The median duration of controlled hypotension with a median mean arterial pressure of 65 mm Hg (range 55 to 70) was 14 minutes (range 7 to 16). No patient required intraoperative transfusion but 4 (6.6%) required transfusion postoperatively. Complications developed postoperatively in 3 patients, ie port site bleeding, hemorrhage and hematoma, respectively. Median preoperative and postoperative serum creatinine was 0.9 and 1.10 mg/dl, respectively. The median preoperative and postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate was 87.20 and 75.60 ml/minute/1.73 m2, respectively. Controlled hypotension allowed laparoscopic and robotic assisted partial nephrectomy to be done without renal hilar clamping. All procedures were completed safely and perioperative outcomes are encouraging. Copyright © 2012 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic Nephrectomy and Auto-Transplantation for a Hilar Renal Artery Aneurysm: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Kim, Min Jung; Lee, Kyo Won; Park, Jae Berm; Kim, Sung Joo

    2017-06-01

    A 52-year-old man was admitted with an incidentally detected right renal artery aneurysm (RAA). Computed tomographic angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction revealed that the aneurysm was 2.2 cm in diameter and located at the renal hilum. We performed hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy with ex vivo repair of the RAA and auto-transplantation with minimal elongation of Gibson incision. The operation and postoperative course were uneventful. At last follow-up, the patient was alive with a well-functioning auto-transplant. Hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy and auto-transplantation is a useful treatment option for hilar RAA.

  11. Pre- and post-operative evaluations of eight dogs following right nephrectomy due to Dioctophyma renale.

    PubMed

    Mesquita, L R; Rahal, S C; Faria, L G; Takahira, R K; Rocha, N S; Mamprim, M J; Oliveira, H S

    2014-01-01

    Dioctophyma renale is a large nematode distributed worldwide that may cause progressive and severe destruction of renal parenchyma. The present study aimed to evaluate pre- and post-operatively dogs submitted to right nephrectomy due to D. renale and to assess the histopathological damage of the removed kidney. Eight crossbred dogs, aged from 12 to 48 months that were unilaterally nephrectomized due to the presence of D. renale were evaluated. Physical examination, urinalysis, complete blood count, serum biochemistry, and abdominal ultrasound were performed immediately before and one month after nephrectomy. The nephrectomized right kidneys were submitted to macroscopic and microscopic evaluations. Urinalysis preoperatively detected occult blood in all dogs and D. renale eggs in five cases. Complete blood count showed all parameters within the reference range, except one dog post-operatively. Serum biochemistry performed before and after surgery verified that urea, creatinine and sodium were within the reference range values in all dogs. Other findings varied among the dogs. The length and arterial resistive index mean values of the left kidney were similar pre- and post-operatively. Thus, the inconsiderable change in laboratory findings pre- and post-operatively was attributable to compensation by left kidney function for the removed abnormal right kidney. Right kidney histology revealed chronic nephropathy due to D. renale. Imaging diagnosis should be performed on dogs suspected as carrying the disease or on those from an enzootic area since the laboratory findings are not specific except eggs in the urine.

  12. Development of a surgical safety checklist for the performance of radical nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The surgical management of renal cell carcinoma with invasion of the renal vein or inferior vena cava is associated with significant rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality. In this report we propose a surgical checklist aimed at reducing adverse events associated with the resection of these tumors. Methods This review describes the development of an evidence- and experience-based surgical checklist aimed at improving the perioperative safety of patients undergoing radical nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy. Results Reducing the risk of complications during the surgical management of renal tumors with venous invasion begins with appropriate pre-operative imaging aimed at defining the cranial extent of the tumor thrombus, thus facilitating accurate preoperative planning. Other key elements of the checklist are aimed at ensuring clear and precise pre-, intra- and postoperative communication between members of the multidisciplinary-care team. Conclusion A standardized surgical checklist may help to increase the perioperative safety of patients undergoing radical nephrectomy and tumor thrombectomy. Future validation studies are required to determine the clinical feasibility and post-implementation safety profile of this new checklist. PMID:23241448

  13. Comparison of Postoperative Morphine Requirements in Renal Donors and Patients With Renal Carcinoma Undergoing Laparoscopic Nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Wang, J; Ma, H; Fu, Y; Wang, N

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate postoperative pain intensity and morphine consumption between living renal donors and patients with renal cell carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy. The clinical trial enrolled 25 living renal donors and 25 patients with renal cell carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy. All underwent similar surgical procedures under general anesthesia. After surgery, morphine patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was applied to all of them. Data including demographics, surgical details, postoperative morphine consumption, visual analog scale (VAS) scores at rest and during coughing at postoperative 0.5, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 48 hours, side effects, and overall satisfaction degree were compared between the 2 groups. Donors received more intravenous doses of morphine than patients. VAS scores at 2 and 4 hours at rest and during coughing after extubation were significantly higher in donors. The overall satisfaction degree was higher in patients. Living-renal donors suffer more pain and are associated with more morphine consumption than patients with cancer. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Systemic immunologic and inflammatory response after transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: A prospective observational study.

    PubMed

    Gogoi, Debojit; Pal, Dilip Kumar; Bera, Malay K

    2016-01-01

    Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) can be performed via either transperitoneal or retroperitoneal approach. Very few studies have been carried out till now, comparing immunologic and inflammatory responses in donors after these two approaches. This is a prospective observational study. Selection of approach was decided by the operating surgeon. All patients underwent peripheral venous blood sampling preoperatively and 24 h postoperatively for the measurement of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukein-6 (IL-6), total leukocyte count (TLC), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and serum creatinine (SCr). Operative time, warm ischemia time, hospital stay, requirement of analgesia, and complications were also recorded. From February 2013 to January 2015, we performed 54 LDNs (38 transperitoneal and 16 retroperitoneal). There were 49 females and five males. Mean operative time was not significantly different in these two approaches, but warm ischemia time was significantly less in the retroperitoneal laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (RLN) group. Postoperative inflammatory markers' (IL-6, CRP, and TLC) levels, BUN, and SCr rise in both of these approaches, but there was no significant difference observed between these two approaches. RLN is a safe and effective approach to preserve a longer right renal vein. It combines the benefit of both hand assistance and retroperitoneal approach. Warm ischemic time is significantly less in RLN group.

  15. Bilateral native nephrectomy reduces systemic oxalate level after combined liver-kidney transplant: A case report.

    PubMed

    Villani, Vincenzo; Gupta, Neena; Elias, Nahel; Vagefi, Parsia A; Markmann, James F; Paul, Elahna; Traum, Avram Z; Yeh, Heidi

    2017-03-05

    Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is a rare liver enzymatic defect that causes overproduction of plasma oxalate. Accumulation of oxalate in the kidney and subsequent renal failure are fatal to PH1 patients often in pediatric age. Combined liver and kidney transplantation is the therapy of choice for end-stage renal disease due to PH1. Levels of plasma oxalate remain elevated for several months after liver transplantation, as the residual body oxalate is slowly excreted. Patients with persistent hyperoxaluria after transplant often require hemodialysis, and accumulation of residual oxalate in the kidney can induce graft dysfunction. As the native kidneys are the main target of calcium oxalate accumulation, we postulated that removal of native kidneys could drastically decrease total body oxalate levels after transplantation. Here, we report a case of bilateral nephrectomy at the time of combined liver-kidney transplantation in a pediatric PH1 patient. Bilateral nephrectomy induced a rapid decrease in plasma oxalate to normal levels in less than 20 days, compared to the several months reported in the literature. Our results suggest that removal of native kidneys could be an effective strategy to decrease the need for hemodialysis and the risk of renal dysfunction after combined liver-kidney transplantation in patients with PH1.

  16. The Effect of Obesity and Increased Waist Circumference on the Outcome of Laparoscopic Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Bolton, E. M.; Thomas, A. Z.; Manecksha, R. P.; Lynch, T. H.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction. The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide. Obesity can be determined by body mass index (BMI); however waist circumference (WC) is a better measure of central obesity. This study evaluates the outcome of laparoscopic nephrectomy on patients with an abnormal WC. Methods. A WC of >88 cm for women and >102 cm for men was defined as obese. Data collected included age, gender, American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) score, renal function, anaesthetic duration, surgery duration, blood loss, complications, and duration of hospital stay. Results. 144 patients were assessed; 73 (50.7%) of the patients had abnormal WC for their gender. There was no difference between the groups for conversion to open surgery, number of ports used, blood loss, and complications. Abnormal WC was associated with a longer median anaesthetic duration, 233 min, IQR (215–265) versus 204 min, IQR (190–210), p = 0.0022, and operative duration, 178 min, IQR (160–190) versus 137 min, IQR (128–162), p < 0.0001. Patients with an abnormal WC also had a longer inpatient stay, p = 0.0436. Conclusion. Laparoscopic nephrectomy is safe in obese patients. However, obese patients should be informed that their obesity prolongs the anaesthetic duration and duration of the surgery and is associated with a prolonged recovery. PMID:28210271

  17. Feasibility of quantitative diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for targeted measurement of renal ischemia during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Goel, Utsav O; Maddox, Michael M; Elfer, Katherine N; Dorsey, Philip J; Wang, Mei; McCaslin, Ian Ross; Brown, J Quincy; Lee, Benjamin R

    2014-01-01

    Reduction of warm ischemia time during partial nephrectomy (PN) is critical to minimizing ischemic damage and improving postoperative kidney function, while maintaining tumor resection efficacy. Recently, methods for localizing the effects of warm ischemia to the region of the tumor via selective clamping of higher-order segmental artery branches have been shown to have superior outcomes compared with clamping the main renal artery. However, artery identification can prolong operative time and increase the blood loss and reduce the positive effects of selective ischemia. Quantitative diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) can provide a convenient, real-time means to aid in artery identification during laparoscopic PN. The feasibility of quantitative DRS for real-time longitudinal measurement of tissue perfusion and vascular oxygenation in laparoscopic nephrectomy was investigated in vivo in six Yorkshire swine kidneys (n=three animals ). DRS allowed for rapid identification of ischemic areas after selective vessel occlusion. In addition, the rates of ischemia induction and recovery were compared for main renal artery versus tertiary segmental artery occlusion, and it was found that the tertiary segmental artery occlusion trends toward faster recovery after ischemia, which suggests a potential benefit of selective ischemia. Quantitative DRS could provide a convenient and fast tool for artery identification and evaluation of the depth, spatial extent, and duration of selective tissue ischemia in laparoscopic PN.

  18. [Comparison of validity and safety between holmium: YAG laser and traditional surgery in partial nephrectomy].

    PubMed

    Bi, Sheng; Xia, Ming

    2015-08-11

    To compare the validity and safety between holmium: YAG laser and traditional surgery in partial nephrectomy. A total of 28 patients were divided into two groups (holmium: YAG laser group without renal artery clamping and traditional surgery group with renal artery clamping). The intraoperative blood loss, total operative time, renal artery clamping time, postoperative hospital stay, separated renal function, postoperative complications and depth of tissue injury were recorded. The intraoperative blood loss, total operative time, renal artery clamping time, postoperative hospital stay, separated renal function, postoperative complications and depth of tissue injury were 80 ml, 77 min, 0 min, 7.4 days, 35 ml/min, 0, 0.9 cm, respectively, in holmium: YAG laser group. And in traditional surgery group were 69 ml, 111 min, 25.5 min, 7.3 days, 34 ml/min, 0, 2.0 cm, respectively. The differences of total operative time, renal artery clamping time and depth of tissue injury between two groups were statistically significant. The others were not statistically significant. Holmium: YAG laser is effective and safe in partial nephrectomy. It can decrease the total operative time, minimize the warm ischemia time and enlarge the extent of surgical excision.

  19. Local tissue reaction after the application of topical hemostatic agents in a rat partial nephrectomy model.

    PubMed

    Chalupová, Marta; Suchý, Pavel; Pražanová, Gabriela; Bartošová, Ladislava; Sopuch, Tomáš; Havelka, Pavel

    2012-06-01

    Various hemostatics are used for renal surgical procedures. We investigated the hemostatic efficacy of cellulose derivatives on the model of partial nephrectomy in rats focusing on the local reaction of renal parenchyma. A total of 50 Wistar rats were divided into five groups of 10 animals each. Partial nephrectomy of the caudal pole without hilar vascular control was performed. Oxidized cellulose (OC), sodium salt of oxycellulose (OCN), carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), dialdehyde cellulose (DAC), and gelatin-based hemostatic (C) were applied to the bleeding wounds. The time to hemostasis was monitored. Half of the animals were euthanized after 3 days, the second half 30 days from the experiment start date. The left kidney was excised and subjected to histopathological examination. The biochemical data was subjected to statistical analysis. The time to hemostasis in all groups was significantly less than in the C group (in OC p = 0.0057, OCN p = 0.0039, CMC and DAC p = 0.0001). In the C group, massive hemorrhages and necrosis did occur. In the OC and OCN groups, there were regenerative changes, a receding inflammatory reaction and hemorrhage. DAC caused an immune reaction and massive interstitial hemorrhages with biochemical signs of liver damage. Parenchyma in CMC revealed a reduction of necrosis and interstitial hemorrhages with regenerative processes. The most effective hemostatics were CMC and OC, achieving the best results both in the time to hemostasis, and for histopathological evaluation.

  20. Feasibility of quantitative diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for targeted measurement of renal ischemia during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goel, Utsav O.; Maddox, Michael M.; Elfer, Katherine N.; Dorsey, Philip J.; Wang, Mei; McCaslin, Ian Ross; Brown, J. Quincy; Lee, Benjamin R.

    2014-10-01

    Reduction of warm ischemia time during partial nephrectomy (PN) is critical to minimizing ischemic damage and improving postoperative kidney function, while maintaining tumor resection efficacy. Recently, methods for localizing the effects of warm ischemia to the region of the tumor via selective clamping of higher-order segmental artery branches have been shown to have superior outcomes compared with clamping the main renal artery. However, artery identification can prolong operative time and increase the blood loss and reduce the positive effects of selective ischemia. Quantitative diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) can provide a convenient, real-time means to aid in artery identification during laparoscopic PN. The feasibility of quantitative DRS for real-time longitudinal measurement of tissue perfusion and vascular oxygenation in laparoscopic nephrectomy was investigated in vivo in six Yorkshire swine kidneys (n=three animals). DRS allowed for rapid identification of ischemic areas after selective vessel occlusion. In addition, the rates of ischemia induction and recovery were compared for main renal artery versus tertiary segmental artery occlusion, and it was found that the tertiary segmental artery occlusion trends toward faster recovery after ischemia, which suggests a potential benefit of selective ischemia. Quantitative DRS could provide a convenient and fast tool for artery identification and evaluation of the depth, spatial extent, and duration of selective tissue ischemia in laparoscopic PN.

  1. Partial nephrectomy vs. radical nephrectomy for stage I renal cell carcinoma in the presence of predisposing systemic diseases for chronic kidney disease.

    PubMed

    Demir, Ömer; Bozkurt, Ozan; Çelik, Serdar; Çömez, Kaan; Aslan, Güven; Mungan, Uğur; Çelebi, İlhan; Esen, Adil

    2017-07-01

    Aim of this study is to compare the effects of partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) for stage I renal cell carcinoma (RCC) on renal functions in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and/or hypertension (HT). Charts of patients who underwent surgery for stage I RCC in our department were retrospectively reviewed and patients with DM and/or HT were enrolled. Preoperative and postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) were calculated according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formulation for both RN and PN groups. Groups were compared for patient demographics, preoperative eGFR, postoperative eGFR and ΔeGFR [(preoperative eGFR) - (postoperative eGFR)] which reflects the renal functional loss. There were 85 patients in the RN and 33 patients in the PN groups. Demographic data were similar but the patients in the PN group had smaller tumor size compared to RN group (32.2 ± 11.8 mm vs 47.1 ± 15.2 mm, p < 0.001). Preoperative eGFR did not differ between groups (75 ± 28.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2) vs 75.5 ± 23.8 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in RN and PN groups, p = 0.929). However, there were significant differences between groups in terms of postoperative eGFR (57.5 ± 21.7 mL/min/1.73 m(2) vs 74 ± 27.5 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in RN and PN groups, p < 0.001) and ΔeGFR (17.5 ± 4.2 mL/min/1.73 m(2) vs 1.5 ± 0.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in RN and PN groups, p < 0.001). Our findings favor the use of PN over RN for stage I RCC whenever feasible in patients with predisposing systemic diseases for chronic kidney disease for better preservation of renal functions. Copyright © 2017 Kaohsiung Medical University. Published by Elsevier Taiwan. All rights reserved.

  2. A Randomized, Prospective, Parallel Group Study of Laparoscopic vs. Laparoendoscopic Single Site Donor Nephrectomy for Kidney Donation

    PubMed Central

    Aull, Meredith J.; Afaneh, Cheguevara; Charlton, Marian; Serur, David; Douglas, Melissa; Christos, Paul J.; Kapur, Sandip; Del Pizzo, Joseph J.

    2014-01-01

    Few prospective, randomized studies have assessed benefits of laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomy (LESS-DN) over laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN). Our center initiated such a trial in January 2011, following subjects randomized to LESS-DN vs. LDN from surgery through 5 years post-donation. Subjects complete recovery/satisfaction questionnaires at 2, 6, and 12 months post-donation; transplant recipient outcomes are also recorded. 100 subjects (49 LESS-DN, 51 LDN) underwent surgery; donor demographics were similar between groups, and included a predominance of female, living unrelated donors, mean age of 47 years who underwent left donor nephrectomy. Operative parameters (overall time, time to extraction, warm ischemia time, blood loss) were similar between groups. Conversion to hand-assist laparoscopy was required in 3 LESS-DN (6.1%) vs. 2 LDN (3.9%; P=0.67). Questionnaires revealed 97.2% of LESS-DN vs. 79.5% of LDN (P=0.03) were 100% recovered by two months after donation. No significant difference was seen in satisfaction scores between the groups. Recipient outcomes were similar between groups. Our randomized trial comparing LESS donor nephrectomy to LDN confirms that LESS-DN offers a safe alternative to conventional LDN in terms of intra- and post-operative complications. LDN and LESS-DN offer similar recovery and satisfaction after donation. PMID:24934732

  3. A randomized, prospective, parallel group study of laparoscopic versus laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomy for kidney donation.

    PubMed

    Aull, M J; Afaneh, C; Charlton, M; Serur, D; Douglas, M; Christos, P J; Kapur, S; Del Pizzo, J J

    2014-07-01

    Few prospective, randomized studies have assessed the benefits of laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomy (LESS-DN) over laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN). Our center initiated such a trial in January 2011, following subjects randomized to LESS-DN versus LDN from surgery through 5 years postdonation. Subjects complete recovery/satisfaction questionnaires at 2, 6 and 12 months postdonation; transplant recipient outcomes are also recorded. One hundred subjects (49 LESS-DN, 51 LDN) underwent surgery; donor demographics were similar between groups, and included a predominance of female, living-unrelated donors, mean age of 47 years who underwent left donor nephrectomy. Operative parameters (overall time, time to extraction, warm ischemia time, blood loss) were similar between groups. Conversion to hand-assist laparoscopy was required in 3 LESS-DN (6.1%) versus 2 LDN (3.9%; p = 0.67). Questionnaires revealed that 97.2% of LESS-DN versus 79.5% of LDN (p = 0.03) were 100% recovered by 2 months after donation. No significant difference was seen in satisfaction scores between the groups. Recipient outcomes were similar between groups. Our randomized trial comparing LESS donor nephrectomy to LDN confirms that LESS-DN offers a safe alternative to conventional LDN in terms of intra- and post-operative complications. LDN and LESS-DN offer similar recovery and satisfaction after donation. © Copyright 2014 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.

  4. Effectiveness of Epidural Analgesia, Continuous Surgical Site Analgesia, and Patient-Controlled Analgesic Morphine for Postoperative Pain Management and Hyperalgesia, Rehabilitation, and Health-Related Quality of Life After Open Nephrectomy: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study.

    PubMed

    Capdevila, Xavier; Moulard, Sebastien; Plasse, Christian; Peshaud, Jean-Luc; Molinari, Nicolas; Dadure, Christophe; Bringuier, Sophie

    2017-01-01

    There is no widely recognized effective technique to optimally reduce pain scores and prevent persistent postoperative pain after nephrectomy. We compared continuous surgical site analgesia (CSSA), epidural analgesia (EA), and a control group (patient-controlled analgesic morphine) in patients undergoing open nephrectomy. Sixty consecutive patients were randomized to be part of EA, CSSA, or control groups postoperatively for 72 hours. All patients received patient-controlled analgesic morphine, if needed. Hyperalgesia was assessed on the first, second, and third postoperative days. Chronic pain characteristics and quality of life were analyzed at 1 and 3 months. The primary outcome was the pain score at 24 hours. Secondary outcomes were morphine consumption, postoperative rehabilitation, hyperalgesia, chronic pain incidence, and quality-of-life parameters. At 24 hours, mean ± standard deviation pain values at rest (2.4 ± 1.7, 2.2 ± 1.2, and 4.2 ± 1.2, respectively, in EA, CSSA, and control groups, P <.001) and during coughing was lower in the EA and CSSA groups. Total morphine consumption was higher in the control group. Rehabilitation parameters improved sooner in the EA and CSSA groups. Median values of area of hyperalgesia differed at 48 hours between the EA group and the control group (36.4 cm) and (52 cm) (P = .01) and at 72 hours among the EA group, CSSA group, and the control group (40 cm, 39.5 cm, and 59 cm, respectively; P = .002). CSSA reduced the severity of pain and hyperalgesia at 1 month and optimized quality of life 3 months after surgery (role physical scores, P = .005). CSSA and EA significantly improve postoperative analgesia, reduce postoperative morphine consumption, area of wound hyperalgesia, and accelerate patient rehabilitation after open nephrectomy. CSSA significantly reduces the severity of residual pain 1 month after surgery and optimizes quality-of-life parameters 3 months after surgery.

  5. Serial comparisons of quality of life after distal subtotal or total gastrectomy: what are the rational approaches for quality of life management?

    PubMed

    Park, Sujin; Chung, Ho Young; Lee, Seung Soo; Kwon, Ohkyoung; Yu, Wansik

    2014-03-01

    The aims of this study were to make serial comparisons of the quality of life (QoL) between patients who underwent total gastrectomy and those who underwent distal subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer and to identify the affected scales with consistency. QoL data of 275 patients who were admitted for surgery between September 2008 and June 2011 and who underwent subtotal gastrectomy or total gastrectomy were obtained preoperatively and postoperatively at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. The Korean versions of the European Organization for Research and Treatment (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and the gastric cancer specific module, the EORTC QLQ-STO22, were used to assess QoL. QoL, as assessed by the global health status/QoL and physical functioning, revealed a brief divergence with worse QoL in the total gastrectomy group 3 months postoperatively, followed by rapid convergence. QoL related to restrictive symptoms (nausea/vomiting, dysphagia, reflux, and eating restrictions) and dry mouth was consistently worse in the total gastrectomy group during the first 2 postoperative years. The general QoL of patients after gastrectomy is highly congruent with subjective physical functioning, and the differences between patients who undergo total gastrectomy and subtotal gastrectomy are no longer valid several months after surgery. In order to further reduce the differences in QoL between patients who underwent total gastrectomy and subtotal gastrectomy, definitive preoperative informing, followed by postoperative symptomatic management, of restrictive symptoms in total gastrectomy patients is the most rational approach.

  6. The evaluation of pulmonary function and blood gas analysis in patients submitted to laparoscopic versus open nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Koc, Ayfer; Inan, Gozde; Bozkirli, Fusun; Coskun, Demet; Tunc, Lutfi

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: The aim of this study was to assess the early postoperative pulmonary function and arterial blood gases in patients who have undergone open versus laparoscopic nephrectomy. Materials and Methods: Forty patients were randomly assigned to undergo laparoscopic (LN, n=20) or open nephrectomy (ON, n=20). Pulmonary function tests including forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at 25% (FEF25), forced expiratory volume at 50% (FEF50), forced expiratory volume at 25% to 75% (FEF25–75), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FIV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) were performed one day before the operation and on the postoperative day 1. The arterial blood gas analysis (pH, pCO2, pO2, SaO2) was made at breathing room preoperatively, in the recovery phase and on postoperative day 1. Results: All spirometric variables decreased after both open and laparoscopic nephrectomy on postoperative day 1. FEV1, FVC, FEF25 and FEF25–75 values decreased on postoperative day 1 (39.7%, 37.4%, 27.7%, 51.8% respectively) in the open surgery group and they were significantly lower in laparoscopic group (29.9%, 32.5%, 23.2%, 44.5% respectively). There were no significant differences in FEF50, PEF and FIV1 between the groups. The SaO2 and pO2 values also decreased in both groups. During early recovery, pH decreased while pCO2 increased significantly but they returned to preoperative values on postoperative day 1 in both groups. Conclusion: Laparoscopic nephrectomy is better than open nephrectomy considering pulmonary functions. PMID:26742981

  7. The evaluation of pulmonary function and blood gas analysis in patients submitted to laparoscopic versus open nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Koc, Ayfer; Inan, Gozde; Bozkirli, Fusun; Coskun, Demet; Tunc, Lutfi

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the early postoperative pulmonary function and arterial blood gases in patients who have undergone open versus laparoscopic nephrectomy. Forty patients were randomly assigned to undergo laparoscopic (LN, n=20) or open nephrectomy (ON, n=20). Pulmonary function tests including forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume at 25% (FEF25), forced expiratory volume at 50% (FEF50), forced expiratory volume at 25% to 75% (FEF25-75), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FIV1) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) were performed one day before the operation and on the postoperative day 1. The arterial blood gas analysis (pH, pCO2, pO2, SaO2) was made at breathing room preoperatively, in the recovery phase and on postoperative day 1. All spirometric variables decreased after both open and laparoscopic nephrectomy on postoperative day 1. FEV1, FVC, FEF25 and FEF25-75 values decreased on postoperative day 1 (39.7%, 37.4%, 27.7%, 51.8% respectively) in the open surgery group and they were significantly lower in laparoscopic group (29.9%, 32.5%, 23.2%, 44.5% respectively). There were no significant differences in FEF50, PEF and FIV1 between the groups. The SaO2 and pO2 values also decreased in both groups. During early recovery, pH decreased while pCO2 increased significantly but they returned to preoperative values on postoperative day 1 in both groups. Laparoscopic nephrectomy is better than open nephrectomy considering pulmonary functions.

  8. Estimation of absolute renal uptake with technetium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid: direct comparison with the radioactivity of nephrectomy specimens.

    PubMed

    Lopes de Lima, Mariana da Cunha; Ramos, Celso Darío; Brunetto, Sérgio Quirino; Lopes de Lima, Marcelo; Ferreira, Ubirajara; Sá Camargo Etchebehere, Elba Cristina; Santos, Allan de Oliveira; Rodrigues Netto Júnior, Nelson; Camargo, Edwaldo Eduardo

    2008-05-01

    Studies using radionuclides are the most appropriate method for estimating renal function. Dimercaptosuccinic acid chelate labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc-DMSA) is the radiopharmaceutical of choice for high-resolution imaging of the renal cortex and estimation of the functional renal mass. The aim of this study was to evaluate a simplified method for determining the absolute renal uptake (ARU) of 99mTc-DMSA prior to nephrectomy, using the radioactivity counts of nephrectomy specimens as the gold standard. Prospective study at the Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Seventeen patients (12 females; range 22-82 years old; mean age 50.8 years old) underwent nephrectomy for various reasons. Renal scintigraphy was performed three to four hours after intravenous administration of a mean dose of 188.7 MBq (5.1 mCi) of 99mTc-DMSA, which was done six to 24 hours before surgery. The in vivo renal uptake of 99mTc-DMSA was determined using the radioactivity of the syringe before the injection (measured using a dose calibrator) and the images of the syringe and kidneys, obtained from a scintillation camera. After surgery, the reference value for renal uptake of 99mTc-DMSA was determined by measuring the radioactivity of the nephrectomy specimen using the same dose calibrator. The ARU measurements were very similar to those obtained using the reference method, as determined by linear regression (r-squared = 0.96). ARU estimation using the proposed method before nephrectomy seems to be accurate and feasible for routine use.

  9. Perioperative morbidity and long-term outcome of unilateral nephrectomy in feline kidney donors: 141 cases (1998-2013).

    PubMed

    Wormser, Chloe; Aronson, Lilian R

    2016-02-01

    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the outcome associated with unilateral nephrectomy in feline kidney donors. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 141 cats. PROCEDURES Medical records of cats that underwent nephrectomy for renal donation were reviewed for information on signalment, date of renal donation, results of blood and urine analyses, infectious disease history, anesthetic protocols, intra- and postoperative complications, and postoperative analgesic protocols. Long-term follow-up data were obtained via client telephone interview and review of referring veterinarian medical records. RESULTS All donors were healthy young adult cats with a median age of 1.5 years (range, 0.8 to 2 years). No cats died or were euthanized during the perioperative period. Intraoperative complications occurred in 2 cats, and postoperative complications occurred in 17. Median time from nephrectomy to hospital discharge was 3.6 days (range, 2 to 8 days). Long-term follow-up information was available for 99 cats, with a median interval between nephrectomy and follow-up of 10 years (range, 0.25 to 15 years). Six cats had a history of urinary tract disease including stable chronic kidney disease (n = 3), acute kidney injury (2), and cystitis (1). Nine cats were dead at follow-up; death was attributed to chronic renal failure in 2 and acute ureteral obstruction in 4. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Feline donor nephrectomy had an acceptably low perioperative morbidity in this series. Most cats (84%) for which follow-up information was available had no associated long-term effects. However, a small subset (7%) developed renal insufficiency or died of urinary tract disease.

  10. Intraoperative systemic lidocaine for pre-emptive analgesics in subtotal gastrectomy: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

    PubMed

    Yon, Jun H; Choi, Geun J; Kang, Hyun; Park, Joong-Min; Yang, Hoon S

    2014-06-01

    Pre-emptive intravenous lidocaine infusion is known to improve postoperative pain in abdominal surgery. We assessed the effect of intravenous lidocaine infusion in patients who underwent subtotal gastrectomy. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with patients undergoing subtotal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer divided into 2 groups: 1 group received intravenous lidocaine infusion preoperatively and throughout surgery, and the other received normal saline infusion (placebo). We assessed postoperative outcomes, including pain scores on a visual analogue scale (VAS), administration frequency of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and the amount of consumed fentanyl. Postoperative nausea and vomiting, length of hospital stay (LOS), time to return to regular diet and patient satisfaction at discharge were evaluated. There were 36 patients in our study. Demographic characteristics were similar between the groups. The VAS pain scores and administration frequency of PCA were significantly lower in the lidocaine group until 24 hours after surgery, and fentanyl consumption was significantly lower in this group until 12 hours postoperatively compared with the placebo group. The total amount of consumed fentanyl and the total administration frequency of PCA were significantly lower in the lidocaine than the control group. No significant differences were detected in terms of nausea and vomiting, return to regular diet, LOS and patient satisfaction, and there were no reported side-effects of lidocaine. Intravenous lidocaine infusion reduces pain during the postoperative period after subtotal gastrectomy.

  11. Intraoperative systemic lidocaine for pre-emptive analgesics in subtotal gastrectomy: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

    PubMed Central

    Yon, Jun Heum; Choi, Geun Joo; Kang, Hyun; Park, Joong-Min; Yang, Hoon Shik

    2014-01-01

    Background Pre-emptive intravenous lidocaine infusion is known to improve postoperative pain in abdominal surgery. We assessed the effect of intravenous lidocaine infusion in patients who underwent subtotal gastrectomy. Methods We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with patients undergoing subtotal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer divided into 2 groups: 1 group received intravenous lidocaine infusion preoperatively and throughout surgery, and the other received normal saline infusion (placebo). We assessed postoperative outcomes, including pain scores on a visual analogue scale (VAS), administration frequency of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and the amount of consumed fentanyl. Postoperative nausea and vomiting, length of hospital stay (LOS), time to return to regular diet and patient satisfaction at discharge were evaluated. Results There were 36 patients in our study. Demographic characteristics were similar between the groups. The VAS pain scores and administration frequency of PCA were significantly lower in the lidocaine group until 24 hours after surgery, and fentanyl consumption was significantly lower in this group until 12 hours postoperatively compared with the placebo group. The total amount of consumed fentanyl and the total administration frequency of PCA were significantly lower in the lidocaine than the control group. No significant differences were detected in terms of nausea and vomiting, return to regular diet, LOS and patient satisfaction, and there were no reported side-effects of lidocaine. Conclusion Intravenous lidocaine infusion reduces pain during the postoperative period after subtotal gastrectomy. PMID:24869609

  12. American Confederation of Urology (CAU) experience in minimally invasive partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Secin, Fernando P; Castillo, Octavio A; Rozanec, José J; Featherston, Marcelo; Holst, Pablo; Milfont, José Cocisfran Alves; García Marchiñena, Patricio; Jurado Navarro, Alberto; Autrán, Anamaría; Rovegno, Agustín R; Faba, Oscar Rodríguez; Palou, Joan; Teixeira Dubeux, Victor; Nuñez Bragayrac, Luciano; Sotelo, Rene; Zequi, Stenio; Guimarães, Gustavo Cardoso; Álvarez-Maestro, Mario; Martínez-Piñeiro, Luis; Villoldo, Gustavo; Villaronga, Alberto; Abreu Clavijo, Diego; Decia, Ricardo; Frota, Rodrigo; Vidal-Mora, Ivar; Finkelstein, Diana; Monzó Gardiner, Juan I; Schatloff, Oscar; Hernández-Porrás, Andres; Santaella-Torres, Félix; Quesada, Emilio T; Sánchez-Salas, Rodolfo; Dávila, Hugo; Mavric, Humberto Villavicencio

    2017-01-01

    To describe the perioperative and oncology outcomes in a series of laparoscopic or robotic partial nephrectomies (PN) for renal tumors treated in diverse institutions of Hispanic America from the beginning of their minimally invasive (MI) PN experience through December 2014. Seventeen institutions participated in the CAU generated a MI PN database. We estimated proportions, medians, 95 % confidence intervals, Kaplan-Meier curves, multivariate logistic and Cox regression analyses. Clavien-Dindo classification was used. We evaluated 1501 laparoscopic (98 %) or robotic (2 %) PNs. Median age: 58 years. Median surgical time, warm ischemia and intraoperative bleeding were 150, 20 min and 200 cc. 81 % of the lesions were malignant, with clear cell histology being 65 % of the total. Median maximum tumor diameter is 2.7 cm, positive margin is 8.2 %, and median hospitalization is 3 days. One or more postoperative complication was recorded in 19.8 % of the patients: Clavien 1: 5.6 %; Clavien 2: 8.4 %; Clavien 3A: 1.5 %; Clavien 3B: 3.2 %; Clavien 4A: 1 %; Clavien 4B: 0.1 %; Clavien 5: 0 %. Bleeding was the main cause of a reoperation (5.5 %), conversion to radical nephrectomy (3 %) or open partial nephrectomy (6 %). Transfusion rate is 10 %. In multivariate analysis, RENAL nephrometry score was the only variable associated with complications (OR 1.1; 95 % CI 1.02-1.2; p = 0.02). Nineteen patients presented disease progression or died of disease in a median follow-up of 1.37 years. The 5-year progression or kidney cancer mortality-free rate was 94 % (95 % CI 90, 97). Positive margins (HR 4.98; 95 % CI 1.3-19; p = 0.02) and females (HR 5.6; 95 % CI 1.7-19; p = 0.005) were associated with disease progression or kidney cancer mortality after adjusting for maximum tumor diameter. Laparoscopic PN in these centers of Hispanic America seem to have acceptable perioperative complications and short-term oncologic outcomes.

  13. Benefits of intravenous lidocaine on post-operative pain and acute rehabilitation after laparoscopic nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Tauzin-Fin, Patrick; Bernard, Olivier; Sesay, Musa; Biais, Matthieu; Richebe, Philippe; Quinart, Alice; Revel, Philippe; Sztark, Francois

    2014-07-01

    Intravenous (I.V.) lidocaine has analgesic, antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory properties and is known to accelerate the return of bowel function after surgery. We evaluated the effects of I.V. lidocaine on pain management and acute rehabilitation protocol after laparoscopic nephrectomy. A total of 47 patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic nephrectomy were included in a two-phase observational study where I.V. lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg/h) was introduced, in the second phase, during surgery and for 24 h post-operatively. All patients underwent the same post-operative rehabilitation program. Post-operative pain scores, opioid consumption and extent of hyperalgesia were measured. Time to first flatus and 6 min walking test (6MWT) were recorded. Patient demographics were similar in the two phases (n = 22 in each group). Lidocaine significantly reduced morphine consumption (median [25-75% interquartile range]; 8.5 mg[4567891011121314151617] vs. 25 mg[1920212223242526272829303132]; P < 0.0001), post-operative pain scores (P < 0.05) and hyperalgesia extent on post-operative day 1-day 2-day 4 (mean ± standard deviation (SD); 1.5 ± 0.9 vs. 4.3 ± 1.2 cm (P < 0.001), 0.6 ± 0.5 vs. 2.8 ± 1.2 cm (P < 0.001) and 0.13 ± 0.3 vs. 1.2 ± 1 cm (P < 0.001), respectively). Time to first flatus (mean ± SD; 29 ± 7 h vs. 48 ± 15 h; P < 0.001) and 6MWT at day 4 (189 ± 50 m vs. 151 ± 53 m; P < 0.001) were significantly enhanced in patients with i.v. lidocaine. Intravenous (I.V.) lidocaine could reduce post-operative morphine consumption and improve post-operative pain management and post-operative recovery after laparoscopic nephrectomy. I.V. lidocaine could contribute to better post-operative rehabilitation.

  14. Investigating the effects of inhaling ginger essence on post-nephrectomy nausea and vomiting.

    PubMed

    Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Hosseini, Fatemeh Sadat

    2015-12-01

    There is a knowledge gap regarding the effects of ginger essence on postoperative nausea and vomiting. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ginger essence on post-nephrectomy nausea and vomiting. A randomized controlled trial was conducted. This study was conducted from third April to first October 2014 in Labbafinejad hospital, Tehran, Iran. Totally, 120 nephrectomy patients were randomly allocated to either the treatment or the control groups. After nephrectomy, we applied two drops of ginger essence to a 2 × 2-inch gauze that was attached to the patients' collars in the treatment group to allow patients to inhale the evaporated essence along with the air room and then repeated every 30 min for two hours. The control group was similarly treated with normal saline. Nausea was assessed using a visual analogue scale every 30 min for two hours and at the sixth hour after surgery. The paired- and independent-samples t and repeated measures analysis of variance tests were used for data analysis. The means nausea intensity were in the treatment and the control groups were 7.09 ± 1.59 and 7.40 ± 1.71 at thirty minutes after surgery (P value > 0.05). However, the mean nausea intensity in the treatment group at the four subsequent times were significantly lower than the control group (P value < 0.001). The numbers of vomiting episodes at two and six hours after the surgery were 0.88 ± 0.78 and 2.58 ± 1.35, in the treatment group and 4.80 ± 1.87 and 2.58 ± 1.35 in the control group. The differences between the two groups regarding the numbers of vomiting episodes were statistically significant (P value < 0.001). Inhaling ginger essence has positive effect on postoperative nausea and vomiting. Using ginger essence for managing postoperative nausea and vomiting is recommended. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Trends of partial and radical nephrectomy in managing small renal masses

    PubMed Central

    Al Saidi, Ibrahim Khalid; Alqasem, Kholoud Saleh; Gharaibeh, Saeda Turki; Qamhia, Naim Z.N.; Abukhiran, Ibrahim; Al-Daghmin, Ali Ahmad

    2017-01-01

    Objective Use of partial nephrectomy (PN) for renal tumors appears to have relatively lower incidence rates in Jordan. We sought to characterize its trend at King Hussein Cancer Center for the last 10 years. Material and methods A retrospective review of our renal cell cancer data was performed. We identified 169 patients who had undergone surgery for renal tumors measuring ≤7 cm between 2005 and 2015. We characterized tumor size, pathology, type of surgery and clinical outcomes. Factors associated with the use of PN were evaluated using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models. Results Of the 169 patients, 34 (20%) and 135 (80%) had undergone partial and radical nephrectomy (RN) respectively for tumors ≤7 cm in diameter. Total number of 48 patients with tumors of ≤4 cm in diameter had undergone either PN (n=19; 40%) or RN (n=29; 60%). The frequency of PN procedures steadily increased over the years from 6% in 2005–2008, to 32% in 2013–2015, contrary to RN which was less frequently applied 94% in 2005–2008, and 68% in 2013–2015. In multivariable analysis, delayed surgery (p=0.01) and smaller tumor size (p=0.0005) were significant independent predictors of PN. During follow-up period, incidence of metastasis was lower in PN versus RN (13% and 32%, respectively, p=0.043). Local recurrence rates were not significantly different between PN (6.9%) and RN (7.2%) (p=0.99). The mean tumor sizes for patients who had undergone PN and RN were 4.1 and 5.5 cm respectively, (p<0.0001). The mean follow-up period for PN was 20 months, and for RN 33 months, (p=0.0225). Conclusion Partial nephrectomy for small renal tumors is relatively less frequently applied in Jordan, however an increase in its use has been observed over the years. Our data showed lower rates of distant metastasis and similar rates of local recurrence in favor of PN. PMID:28270950

  16. Benefits of intravenous lidocaine on post-operative pain and acute rehabilitation after laparoscopic nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Tauzin-Fin, Patrick; Bernard, Olivier; Sesay, Musa; Biais, Matthieu; Richebe, Philippe; Quinart, Alice; Revel, Philippe; Sztark, Francois

    2014-01-01

    Background and Aims: Intravenous (I.V.) lidocaine has analgesic, antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory properties and is known to accelerate the return of bowel function after surgery. We evaluated the effects of I.V. lidocaine on pain management and acute rehabilitation protocol after laparoscopic nephrectomy. Materials and Methods: A total of 47 patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic nephrectomy were included in a two-phase observational study where I.V. lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg/h) was introduced, in the second phase, during surgery and for 24 h post-operatively. All patients underwent the same post-operative rehabilitation program. Post-operative pain scores, opioid consumption and extent of hyperalgesia were measured. Time to first flatus and 6 min walking test (6MWT) were recorded. Results: Patient demographics were similar in the two phases (n = 22 in each group). Lidocaine significantly reduced morphine consumption (median [25-75% interquartile range]; 8.5 mg[4567891011121314151617] vs. 25 mg[1920212223242526272829303132]; P < 0.0001), post-operative pain scores (P < 0.05) and hyperalgesia extent on post-operative day 1-day 2-day 4 (mean ± standard deviation (SD); 1.5 ± 0.9 vs. 4.3 ± 1.2 cm (P < 0.001), 0.6 ± 0.5 vs. 2.8 ± 1.2 cm (P < 0.001) and 0.13 ± 0.3 vs. 1.2 ± 1 cm (P < 0.001), respectively). Time to first flatus (mean ± SD; 29 ± 7 h vs. 48 ± 15 h; P < 0.001) and 6MWT at day 4 (189 ± 50 m vs. 151 ± 53 m; P < 0.001) were significantly enhanced in patients with i.v. lidocaine. Conclusion: Intravenous (I.V.) lidocaine could reduce post-operative morphine consumption and improve post-operative pain management and post-operative recovery after laparoscopic nephrectomy. I.V. lidocaine could contribute to better post-operative rehabilitation. PMID:25190945

  17. The impact of body mass index on surgical outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Isac, Wahib E; Autorino, Riccardo; Hillyer, Shahab P; Hernandez, Adrian V; Stein, Robert J; Kaouk, Jihad H

    2012-12-01

    Study Type--Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4. "What's known on the subject?" and "What does the study add?" Obesity is associated with higher incidence of renal cell carcinoma. Laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) was shown to be technically feasible in the obese population. In the present study we evaluated the impact of obesity on outcome of RPN, in a large cohort of patients. In the present study, obese patients had a higher American Society of Anesthesiologists score and larger tumour size. We evaluated obesity as a categorical and a continuous variable, and we adjusted for confounding factors. We categorized obesity based according to the WHO classification of obesity. We described our technical modifications to overcome difficulties that can be encountered during the surgery. Obese patients had a higher estimated blood loss, but no difference in blood transfusion rate, operation duration or warm ischaemia time. • To assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the surgical outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN). • Medical charts of 250 consecutive patients who underwent RPN at our institution between 2006 and 2010 were reviewed. • Patients were categorized based on their BMI into four groups per international classification of obesity into: normal (BMI < 25 kg/m(2)), overweight (25-29.9), obese (30-39.9) and morbidly obese (≥ 40). • Preoperative characteristics as well as perioperative and postoperative outcomes were analysed and compared between the groups. • Of the 250 patients, 43 (17.2% of the entire cohort) were non-obese, 104 (41.6%) were overweight, 75 (30%) were obese, and 28 (11.2%) were morbidly obese. • Groups were similar in terms of age, gender, history of previous surgery and nephrometry score (P = 0.5). • Patients with higher BMI had a higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score (median 3 for obese and morbidly obese groups vs 2 for non-obese groups; P = 0.002) and tumour size (median

  18. Subtotal laryngectomy: outcomes of 469 patients and proposal of a comprehensive and simplified classification of surgical procedures.

    PubMed

    Rizzotto, G; Crosetti, E; Lucioni, M; Succo, G

    2012-06-01

    Long-term oncological and functional results from a retrospective study on 469 patients over a 10-year period of subtotal laryngectomies (SL), 399 supracricoid partial laryngectomies (SCL) and 70 supratracheal partial laryngectomies (STL) are presented. The mean follow-up time was 97 months (range 60–165 months). Acute complications, types and rates of late sequelae, functional results, 2-year post-operative scores of laryngeal function and quality of life are reported. The observed long-term results were: SCL, 5-year overall and disease-free survival: 95.6, and 90.9%, respectively; 2-year post-operative laryngeal function preservation: 95.7%; STL, 5-year overall and disease-free survival: 80 and 72.9%, respectively; 2-year post-operative laryngeal function preservation: 80%. The performance status scale for laryngeal function preservation showed very high 2-year scores, with no significant differences depending on the type and extent of surgery. The adopted type of function-sparing surgery provided overall and disease-free survival rates that were somewhat better than those reported in studies based on organ-sparing protocols with chemoradiotherapy. The rate of total laryngectomy of completion in this series was 4.4%. A new classification of the current horizontal partial laryngectomies is also proposed, namely “Horizontal Laryngectomy System” (HOLS), based on the extent of surgical removal of laryngeal structures.

  19. [Reconstructive subtotal laryngectomy: a personal technique in a series of 100 patients operated on between 1990 and 1997].

    PubMed

    Bolot, G; Poupart, M; Zrounba, P; Herlemont, F; Pignat, J C

    1999-01-01

    Described by Majer and Rieder, modified by Piquet, subtotal laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) allowed to treat intralaryngeal carcinoma with preservation of speech and swallowing. Some modifications were proposed to the procedure to simplify it and to improve functional results. Most important one is the one proposed by Guerrier. In the refined procedure we describe, we didn't do any -pexy to conserved as near as possible from normality morphology and physiology of pharyngolaryngeal unit. Dynamics is preserved by keeping jointly the laryngotracheal tract. In addition, we avoid doing a tracheotomy. We present the functional outcome of 100 patients treated between 1990 and 1997: oral feeding was initiated at the 6th day postoperative, delay to achieve proper swallowing was 11.5 days and median hospitalization duration was 18 days (14 days for non tracheotomized group). The comfort of patients without tracheotomy was greatly increased with a low risk of pneumonia. Such a procedure could be applied every time a laryngeal reconstruction had to be done (partial laryngectomy, laryngeal trauma).

  20. Bolster material granuloma masquerading as recurrent renal cell carcinoma following partial nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Abhishek; Jai, Shrikant; Ganpule, Sanika; Ganpule, Arvind

    2016-01-01

    Nephron sparing surgery has seen a phenomenal rise in its application over the past few decades. The use of Surgicel and gel foam for closure of defect created after partial nephrectomy has become a routine practice at many centers. In this case report, we describe radiological artifact secondary to a surgical bolster mimicking a residual disease or an early recurrence in the kidney. This case highlights two facts; first, reapproximation of the renal tissue is best done without the use of Surgicel bolsters. Second, bolsteroma should always be kept in mind as a differential diagnosis in a case where computed tomography (CT) imaging is showing early recurrence. If the surgeon is sure about the surgical margins being negative and the CT image shows a bolsteroma, the patient should be observed and a repeat scan should be done at 3–6 months, which would show regression or disappearance of the lesion proving it to be an artifact rather than malignant lesion. PMID:27857461

  1. An effective visualisation and registration system for image-guided robotic partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Pratt, Philip; Mayer, Erik; Vale, Justin; Cohen, Daniel; Edwards, Eddie; Darzi, Ara; Yang, Guang-Zhong

    2012-03-01

    Robotic partial nephrectomy is presently the fastest-growing robotic surgical procedure, and in comparison to traditional techniques it offers reduced tissue trauma and likelihood of post-operative infection, while hastening recovery time and improving cosmesis. It is also an ideal candidate for image guidance technology since soft tissue deformation, while still present, is localised and less problematic compared to other surgical procedures. This work describes the implementation and ongoing development of an effective image guidance system that aims to address some of the remaining challenges in this area. Specific innovations include the introduction of an intuitive, partially automated registration interface, and the use of a hardware platform that makes sophisticated augmented reality overlays practical in real time. Results and examples of image augmentation are presented from both retrospective and live cases. Quantitative analysis of registration error verifies that the proposed registration technique is appropriate for the chosen image guidance targets.

  2. Successful Pregnancy in a 31-Year-Old Peritoneal Dialysis Patient with Bilateral Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Nazer, Ahmed; AlOmar, Osama; Al-Badawi, Ismail A.

    2013-01-01

    Frequency of pregnancy among childbearing age women with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing long-term periodic dialysis ranges from 1% to 7%. Although pregnancy in dialysis women with ESRD is considered a largely high-risk pregnancy, occurrence of successful pregnancy is not impossible with success rates approaching 70%. Rates of successful pregnancy are greatly impacted by early pregnancy diagnosis and preserved residual renal functions. Herein, to the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of successful pregnancy (despite late diagnosis at 14 weeks of gestation) in a 31-year-old peritoneal dialysis patient with bilateral nephrectomy and no whatsoever preserved residual renal function. Moreover, a literature review on pregnancy in dialysis patients is presented. PMID:24198990

  3. Robotic trans-abdominal transplant nephrectomy for a failed renal allograft.

    PubMed

    Mulloy, M R; Tan, M; Wolf, J H; D'Annunzio, S H; Pollinger, H S

    2014-12-01

    Minimally invasive surgery for removal of a failed renal allograft has not previously been reported. Herein, we report the first robotic trans-abdominal transplant nephrectomy (TN). A 34-year-old male with Alport's syndrome lost function of his deceased donor allograft after 12 years and presented with fever, pain over his allograft and hematuria. The operation was performed intra-abdominally using the Da Vinci Robotic Surgical System with four trocars. The total operative time was 235 min and the estimated blood loss was less than 25 cm(3). There were no peri-operative complications observed and the patient was discharged to home less than 24 h postoperatively. The utilization of robotic technology facilitated the successful performance of a minimally invasive, trans-abdominal TN.

  4. Laparoendoscopic single site nephrectomy with the SPIDER surgical system: engineering advancements tested in a porcine model.

    PubMed

    Salas, Nelson; Gorin, Michael A; Gorbatiy, Vladislav; Castle, Scott M; Bird, Vincent G; Leveillee, Raymond J

    2011-05-01

    Abstract Background and Purpose: The Single Port Instrument Delivery Extended Reach (SPIDER) surgical system was developed for true continuous instrument triangulation during laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) surgery. We present our initial preclinical experience with the SPIDER surgical system during renal surgery. Bilateral laparoscopic nephrectomies were performed in a live adult porcine animal model using the SPIDER device. A standard surgical approach was used via direct video guidance. The procedure was successfully performed without surgical error or complication. The SPIDER system proved easy to use with only a minimal learning curve. Intracorporeal surgical knots were tied without difficulty using this single site system. Our initial experience with the SPIDER surgical system during renal surgery is promising. SPIDER allows for true single port instrument triangulation offering a superior operative experience to currently available LESS surgical systems.

  5. [Renal Cell Carcinoma: When is a Partial, Organ-preserving Nephrectomy Possible and Reasonable?].

    PubMed

    Padevit, Christian; Sauck, Anja; John, Hubert

    2016-06-22

    In Switzerland about 900 people a year are newly diagnosed with a kidney tumour. This is about 3 % of all cancer cases in this country. Because of the abundent diagnostic examinations carried out (MR, CT, US), kidney tumours are often coincidentally found. In recent years the organ-sparing therapy has moved to the foreground for kidney tumours of <4 cm. This is increasingly true for larger lesions of 4–7 cm diameter. Organ-sparing kidney surgery has replaced the radical nephrectomy for tumours up to 7 cm because of the superior post-op quality of Life and the total survival rate. In addition, the control of oncological parameters, maintenance of kidney function, low morbidity and reproducibility of the method are existant and can be achieved using this organ-sparing therapy.

  6. TREATMENT OF RENAL CARCINOMA IN A BINTURONG (ARCTICTIS BINTURONG) WITH NEPHRECTOMY AND A TYROSINE KINASE INHIBITOR.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Kimberly A; Patterson, Jon; Fitzgerald, Scott D; Needle, David; Harrison, Tara

    2016-12-01

    A 13-yr-old female binturong ( Arctictis binturong ) presented with a 1 wk history of decreased appetite. The animal was thin, with hypercalcemia (calcium 12.2 mg/dl). A right renal mass was identified on ultrasound and removed via nephrectomy. Histopathology indicated a renal adenocarcinoma. Treatment with toceranib phosphate, a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, was initiated and well tolerated by the animal. Four months after initial diagnosis radiographs indicated metastases to the lungs and the animal was euthanized. Necropsy revealed disseminated adenocarcinoma. Although treatment did not prevent metastasis, it was minimally invasive and well tolerated by the animal with minimal side effects. Review of records at the institution revealed that the cause of death for the primary case's dam and sire was disseminated renal carcinoma. These cases suggest that there may be a hereditary component to development of renal neoplasia in binturongs. Renal carcinoma should be considered an aggressive neoplasia in binturongs with a poor prognosis.

  7. Final report from the ASERNIP-S audit of laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Tooher, Rebecca; Boult, Maggie; Maddern, Guy J; Rao, M Mohan

    2004-11-01

    The Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures--Surgical (ASERNIP-S) audit of laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy commenced in 1999 and concluded in 2003. Six centres in Australia and New Zealand contributed data for 219 donor patients regarding perioperative and postoperative outcome of surgery and short-term follow-up. These data were compared with a recent systematic review of LLDN. The Australasian experience to date compared favourably with worldwide practice, both in terms of efficacy and safety for donors (at least in the short term). The collection of audit data, as this technique was introduced into the Australasian healthcare system, has allowed the local experience with this technique to be pooled and shared, resulting in the development of Australasian practice in line with world's best practice in this area.

  8. Fused video and ultrasound images for minimally invasive partial nephrectomy: a phantom study.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Carling L; Wedlake, Chris; Moore, John; Pautler, Stephen E; Peters, Terry M

    2010-01-01

    The shift to minimally invasive abdominal surgery has increased reliance on image guidance during surgical procedures. However, these images are most often presented independently, increasing the cognitive workload for the surgeon and potentially increasing procedure time. When warm ischemia of an organ is involved, time is an important factor to consider. To address these limitations, we present a more intuitive visualization that combines images in a common augmented reality environment. In this paper, we assess surgeon performance under the guidance of the conventional visualization system and our fusion system using a phantom study that mimics the tumour resection of partial nephrectomy. The RMS error between the fused images was 2.43mm, which is sufficient for our purposes. A faster planning time for the resection was achieved using our fusion visualization system. This result is a positive step towards decreasing risks associated with long procedure times in minimally invasive abdominal interventions.

  9. Stone Formation from Nonabsorbable Clip Migration into the Collecting System after Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ziho; Reilly, Christopher E.; Moore, Blake W.; Mydlo, Jack H.; Lee, David I.; Eun, Daniel D.

    2014-01-01

    We describe a case in which a Weck Hem-o-lok clip (Teleflex, Research Triangle Park, USA) migrated into the collecting system and acted as a nidus for stone formation in a patient after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. The patient presented 2 years postoperatively with left-sided renal colic. Abdominal computed tomography scan showed a 10 millimeter renal calculus in the left middle pole. After using laser lithotripsy to fragment the overlying renal stone, a Weck Hem-o-lok clip was found to be embedded in the collecting system. A laser fiber through a flexible ureteroscope was used to successfully dislodge the clip from the renal parenchyma, and a stone basket was used to extract the clip. PMID:24778893

  10. Guideline of guidelines: follow-up after nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Williamson, Timothy J; Pearson, John R; Ischia, Joseph; Bolton, Damien M; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of this article was to review and compare the international guidelines and surveillance protocols for post-nephrectomy renal cell carcinoma (RCC). PubMed database searches were conducted, according to the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews, to identify current international surveillance guidelines and surveillance protocols for surgically treated and clinically localized RCC. A total of 17 articles were reviewed. These included three articles on urological guidelines, three on oncological guidelines and 11 on proposed strategies. Guidelines and strategies varied significantly in relation to follow-up, specifically with regard to the frequency and timing of radiological imaging. Although there is currently no consensus within the literature regarding surveillance protocols, various guidelines and strategies have been developed using both patient and tumour characteristics. © 2015 The Authors BJU International © 2015 BJU International Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Prechemotherapy robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for an adolescent with Wilms tumor.

    PubMed

    Cost, Nicholas G; Liss, Zachary J; Bean, Christopher M; Geller, James I; Minevich, Eugene A; Noh, Paul H

    2015-03-01

    Although Wilms tumor (WT) is the most common pediatric renal tumor, adolescent and adult WT is rare. Nevertheless, adolescent renal tumors as a group are sufficiently uncommon that WT must be included in the differential diagnosis for such patients, and in doing so affects the oncologic considerations of the surgery. Herein, we describe a 14-year-old female presenting with a 1-month history of right flank pain. Subsequent work-up revealed a localized, centrally located, enhancing right renal mass. The patient underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and pathology demonstrated stage II, favorable histology WT. Herein, we will discuss the pertinent details regarding adolescents with renal tumors and the risks and benefits of using a minimally invasive surgical approach.

  12. Effect of total and partial nephrectomy on the elimination of ciprofloxacin in humans.

    PubMed

    Szałek, Edyta; Połom, Wojciech; Karbownik, Agnieszka; Grabowski, Tomasz; Konkołowicz, Agnieszka; Wolc, Anna; Matuszewski, Marcin; Krajka, Kazimierz; Grześkowiak, Edmund

    2012-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common form of kidney cancer. Surgery is a standard procedure to resect the tumor during total (TN) or partial (nephron-sparing) nephrectomy (PN). Ciprofloxacin is most often administered at the usual intravenous dose of 100-400 mg/12 h. The application of such low doses of ciprofloxacin as 200 mg/24 h carries the risk of achieving subtherapeutic concentrations even in patients with limited renal function. The aim of the study was a comparison of concentrations and pharmacokinetics for ciprofloxacin at steady-state in patients after total and partial nephrectomy and evaluation of the effectiveness of the iv dose 200 mg/24 h against the theoretical value of MIC, 0.5 μg/ml. The research was carried out on two groups of patients after nephrectomy: total (group 1, n = 21; mean [SD], age, 62.9 [14.4] years; weight, 76.0 [14.6] kg; creatinine clearance, CL(CR), 90.7 [22.2] ml/min) and partial (group 2, n = 15; 61.7 [9.3] years; 87.8 [16.4] kg; CL(CR), 107.8 [36.4] ml/min). The patients were treated with ciprofloxacin in the dose of 200 mg/24 h (iv). Plasma concentrations of ciprofloxacin at steady state were measured with validated HPLC method with UV detection. The mean values of plasma concentrations of ciprofloxacin at steady state in group 1 and 2 were: C(ss)(max), 2.012 and 1.345; C(ss)(min), 0.437 and 0.244 μg/ml, respectively. The main pharmacokinetic parameters for ciprofloxacin in group 1 and 2 were as follows: AUC((0-last)), 30.9 [17.9] and 19.5 [8.7] μg h/ml; AUMC((0-last)), 177.91 [11.1] and 91.9 [66.5] μg h(2)/ml; t(1/2β), 13.9 [7.7] and 9.8 [3.3] h; MRT, 16.5 [12.1] and 9.77 [5.4] h; V(d), 115.0 [67.2] and 142.2 [78.7] l; CL, 6.2 [3.3] and 10.8 [5.7] l/h, respectively. With the assumed MIC = 0.5 μg/ml, the values of C(ss)(max)/MIC < 10 and AUC/MIC < 125 were obtained in all the patients. In our patients we observed significant differences in some pharmacokinetic parameters of ciprofloxacin after two types of

  13. Water jet assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy without hilar clamping in the calf model.

    PubMed

    Moinzadeh, Alireza; Hasan, Waleed; Spaliviero, Massimiliano; Finelli, Antonio; Kilciler, Mete; Magi-Galluzzi, Cristina; El Gabry, Ehab; Desai, Mihir; Kaouk, Jihad; Gill, Inderbir S

    2005-07-01

    Hemostasis represents a primary challenge during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). We typically clamp the renal artery/vein en bloc and perform LPN expeditiously under warm ischemia conditions. We evaluated Helix Hydro-jet assisted LPN without renal hilar vascular control in the survival calf model. Staged bilateral LPN using the Hydro-jet was performed without renal hilar vessel control in 10 survival calves (20 kidneys). Parenchymal hydrodissection was performed with a high velocity, ultracoherent saline stream at 450 psi through a small nozzle with integrated suction at the tip. The denuded intrarenal parenchymal blood vessels were precisely coagulated with a BIClamp bipolar instrument and transected. Followup involved biochemical, radiological and histopathological evaluation at designated sacrifice intervals of 1 and 2 weeks, and 1, 2 and 3 months, respectively. All LPNs were completed successfully without open conversion. Of 20 LPNs 18 (90%) were performed without hilar clamping. Pelvicaliceal suture repair was necessary in 5 of 10 chronic kidneys (50%). Mean Hydro-jet(R) partial nephrectomy time was 63 minutes (range 13 to 150), mean estimated blood loss was 174 cc (range 20 to 750) and mean volume of normal saline used for hydro-dissection was 260 cc (mean 50 to 1,250). No animal had a urinary leak. Histological sections from the acute specimen revealed a thin (1 mm) layer of adherent coagulum at the amputation site with minimal thermal artifact. At 2 weeks a layer of adherent fibro-inflammatory pseudomembrane with giant cell reaction was seen. In this more stringent and robust survival calf model Hydro-jet assisted LPN can be performed without hilar vessel control, thus, completely avoiding warm ischemia. This approach has the potential to decrease the level of technical difficulty inherent in LPN.

  14. Preserving Renal Function through Partial Nephrectomy Depends on Tumor Complexity in T1b Renal Tumors

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to determine patients with T1b renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who could benefit from partial nephrectomy (PN) and method to identify them preoperatively using nephrometry score (NS). From a total of 483 radical nephrectomy (RN)-treated patients and 40 PN-treated patients who received treatment for T1b RCC between 1995 and 2010, 120 patients identified through 1:2 propensity-score matching were included for analysis. Probability of chronic kidney disease (CKD) until postoperative 5-years was calculated and regressed with respect to the surgical method and NS. Median follow-up was 106 months. CKD-probability at 5-years was 40.7% and 13.5% after radical and PN, respectively (P = 0.005). While PN was associated with lower risk of CKD regardless of age, comorbidity, preoperative estimated renal function, the effect was observed only among patients with NS ≤ 8 (P < 0.001) but not in patients with NS ≥ 9 (P = 0.746). Percent operated-kidney volume reduction and ischemia time were similar between the patients with NS ≥ 9 and ≤ 8. In the stratified Cox regression accounting for the interaction observed between the surgical method and the NS, PN reduced CKD-risk only in patients with NS ≤ 8 (hazard ratio [HR], 0.054; P = 0.005) but not in ≥ 9 (HR, 0.996; P = 0.994). In T1b RCC with NS ≥ 9, the risk of postoperative CKD was not reduced following PN compared to RN. Considering the potential complications of PN, minimally invasive RN could be considered with priority in this subgroup of patients. PMID:28145654

  15. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: evaluation of learning curve for an experienced renal surgeon.

    PubMed

    Haseebuddin, Mohammed; Benway, Brian M; Cabello, Jose M; Bhayani, Sam B

    2010-01-01

    The learning curve for robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) has not been extensively studied. We therefore evaluated the learning curve of RAPN for a fellowship-trained laparoscopic surgeon with extensive prior experience with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). We also examined the potential effect of tumor size on the learning curve. We prospectively evaluated 38 consecutive patients undergoing RAPN by a single surgeon (S.B.B.). Sixteen patients had tumors <2 cm, and 22 patients had tumors >2 cm. Warm ischemia times and overall operative times were recorded as indices of learning progression. Average operative time for tumors <2 cm was 131.9 minutes (115.3-148.5 minutes) and for tumors >2 cm was 145.8 minutes (131.1-160.5 minutes). The difference between the operative times for tumors <2 and >2 cm was not statistically significant (p = 0.23). Average warm ischemia time for tumors <2 cm was 21 minutes (16.9-25.1 minutes) and for tumors >2 cm was 24.7 minutes (21.3-28.1 minutes). This difference was also not statistically significant (p = 0.20). Defined by the overall operative time, the learning curve for RAPN was 16 cases, and by ischemic time, the learning curve was 26 cases. Tumor size did not have an effect on the learning curve. The learning curve for RAPN is short for surgeons already experienced with LPN. The learning curve for portions performed under warm ischemia is slightly longer, implying that the critical portions of the procedure require more experience to become facile. Tumor size does not appear to have a significant impact on the learning curve for surgeons experienced with LPN.

  16. Microparticulate ICE slurry for renal hypothermia: laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in a porcine model.

    SciTech Connect

    Shikanov, S; Wille, M; Large, M; Razmaria, A; Lifshitz, D; Chang, A; Wu, Y; Kasza, K; Shalhav, A

    2010-10-01

    Previously, we described the feasibility of renal hypothermia using microparticulate ice slurry during laparoscopy. In the present study, we compared surface cooling with the ice slurry versus near-frozen saline or warm ischemia (WI) during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in a porcine model. We used a single-kidney porcine model. Animals in 5 equal groups (n = 6 each) underwent right laparoscopic complete nephrectomy. In Phase I, left LPN was performed under 90 minutes of ischemia and 90-minute renal cooling with either slurry (Slurry group 1) or saline (Saline group 1). No cooling was applied in the WI group. In Phase II, to simulate more extreme condition, ischemia time was extended to 120 minutes and cooling shortened to 10 minutes (Slurry group 2 and Saline group 2). The study endpoints were renal and core temperature during the surgery and serum creatinine at baseline and days 1, 3, 7, and 14 after the procedure. The ice slurry was easily produced and delivered. Nadir renal temperature (mean {+-} SD) was 8 {+-} 4 C in Slurry group 1 vs. 22.5 {+-} 3 C in Saline group 1 (P < .0001). Renal rewarming to 30 C occurred after 61 {+-} 7 minutes in Slurry group 2 vs. 24 {+-} 6 minutes in Saline group 2 (P < .0001). Core temperature decreased on average to 35 C in the Saline groups compared with 37 C in the Slurry groups (P < .0001). Serum creatinine did not differ between the Saline and Slurry groups in Phases I and II at any time point. Ice slurry provides superior renal cooling compared with near-frozen saline during LPN without associated core hypothermia.

  17. Self-assessment of surgical technique leads to reduction of positive surgical margins in partial nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Sorokin, Igor; Feuerstein, Michael A; Feustel, Paul; Kaufman, Ronald P

    2015-03-01

    The background of the study was to examine potential causes for a positive surgical margin (PSM) and develop strategies to improve surgical outcomes. A retrospective review of consecutive partial nephrectomy cases for renal cell carcinoma was performed. We divided the patients into 2 groups. The first group consisted of the first 67 renal tumors in 65 patients that underwent our early surgical technique. The second group consisted of the next 45 renal tumors in 39 patients that underwent the revised surgical technique which included wider resections and robotically controlled ultrasound. Our primary outcome was margin status and secondary outcome was disease recurrence. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine factors that resulted in a PSM. Positive margins were detected in 19 out of 67 (28 %) renal tumors in the early technique group compared to 1 out of 45 (2 %) positive margins in the revised technique group (p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, only technique modification (OR 0.04, p = 0.003) and larger tumor size (OR 0.41, p = 0.01) were significant predictors of a lower rate of PSM. Smaller tumors were more common in robotic assisted partial nephrectomies which had a higher rate of PSM on univariate analysis (OR 3.51, p = 0.04). Only one patient with a PSM experienced a systemic disease recurrence. In our experience, self-assessment and technique modification resulted in a dramatic PSM improvement. Smaller tumors were associated with PSM. It is important for all surgeons to periodically look at their own surgical outcomes and modify their surgical technique accordingly.

  18. Laparoscopic Versus Open Radical Nephrectomy for Renal Cell Carcinoma: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Gang; Ma, Yulei; Wang, Shouhua; Han, Xiancheng; Gao, Dianjun

    2017-08-01

    The aim of this study is to summarize and quantify the current evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) compared with open radical nephrectomy (ORN) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a meta-analysis. Data were collected by searching Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect for reports published up to September 26, 2016. Studies that reported data on comparisons of therapeutic efficacy of LRN and ORN were included. The fixed-effects model was used in this meta-analysis if there was no evidence of heterogeneity; otherwise, the random-effects model was used. Thirty-seven articles were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that the overall mortality was significantly lower in the LRN group than that in the ORN group (odds ratio [OR] =0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.62-0.95). However, there was no statistically significant difference in cancer-specific mortality (OR=0.77, 95% CI: 0.55-1.07), local tumor recurrence (OR=0.86, 95% CI: 0.65-1.14), and intraoperative complications (OR=1.27, 95% CI: 0.83-1.94). The risk of postoperative complications was significantly lower in the LRN group (OR=0.71, 95% CI: 0.65-0.78). In addition, LRN has been shown to offer superior perioperative results to ORN, including shorter hospital stay days, time to start oral intake, and convalescence time, and less estimated blood loss, blood transfusion rate, and anesthetic consumption. LRN was associated with better surgical outcomes as assessed by overall mortality and postoperative complications compared with ORN. LRN has also been shown to offer superior perioperative results to ORN. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Impact of the Ratio of Visceral to Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue in Donor Nephrectomy Patients.

    PubMed

    Lee, H H; Kang, S K; Yoon, Y E; Huh, K H; Kim, M S; Kim, S I; Kim, Y S; Han, W K

    2017-06-01

    It was reported that a metabolic syndrome affected the remaining renal function after living donor nephrectomy. However, the measurement of waist circumference is unclear because it cannot distinguish between visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). We investigate the clinical correlation between body adipose tissue and renal function recovery after living donor nephrectomy. From July 2013 to February 2015, 75 living kidney donors were enrolled. The VAT and SAT were measured by preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan. Body mass index (BMI), VAT, SAT, and VAT-to-SAT ratio were analyzed according to a postoperative renal function recovery. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was performed to predict estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) at postoperative 6 months for BMI, VAT, SAT, and VAT-to-SAT ratio. The lowest value of eGFR (57.52 ± 11.20 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) was measured at postoperative day 7. There was no statistically significant difference in eGFR between 1 month and 3 months. BMI, VAT, SAT, and VAT-to-SAT ratio showed a statistically significant correlation with each other (Pearson correlation, P < .05). Also, the recovery time of eGFR was correlated with VAT-to-SAT ratio; it was significant at postoperative 1, 3, and 6 months. VAT-to-SAT ratio (0.654, 95% confidence interval 0.525-0.783, P = .024) had higher predictive value in ROC. We developed a new variable to predict the value of lower eGFR (less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) at a postoperative 6 months in living kidney donor. According to a CT scan, VAT-to-SAT ratio can predict renal function recovery. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Cost comparison of open and robotic partial nephrectomy using a short postoperative pathway.

    PubMed

    Mano, Roy; Schulman, Ariel; Hakimi, A Ari; Sternberg, Itay A; Bernstein, Melanie; Bochner, Bernard H; Coleman, Jonathan A; Russo, Paul

    2015-03-01

    To compare immediate perioperative direct costs of open partial nephrectomy (OPN) and robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN), managed under a common care pathway. Retrospective review of detailed institutional cost data for patients treated with OPN and RPN during 2011 was conducted. Cost and clinical data of OPN and RPN were compared for all patients and for patients stratified by length of stay (LOS), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), and RENAL nephrometry scores. The study cohort included 190 OPN and 63 RPN cases. OPN was associated with higher ASA scores (P <.001), shorter operative times (P = .014), and higher estimated blood loss (P <.001). Median (interquartile range) LOS was 2 days (2-3 days) for OPN compared with 1 day (1-2 days) for RPN (P <.001). Median perioperative cost of OPN was lower than that of RPN with a difference of $3091 (P <.001). Although hospitalization costs were higher in OPN, surgical costs were higher in RPN ($854 and $3695 difference in median costs, respectively; P <.001 for both). The total cost of OPN for patients with an above-average LOS remained lower than that of RPN ($2680 difference in median costs; P = .001). RPN costs remained significantly higher when stratifying patients by their ASA and RENAL nephrometry scores. Despite the shorter hospital LOS associated with RPN, the immediate perioperative cost of OPN was lower than that of RPN for patients managed under a common care pathway, mainly due to high robotic purchase and maintenance costs. In light of the current health care debate, such financial disincentives may compromise the sustainability of advances in medical technology. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. A 3D-elastography-guided system for laparoscopic partial nephrectomies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stolka, Philipp J.; Keil, Matthias; Sakas, Georgios; McVeigh, Elliot; Allaf, Mohamad E.; Taylor, Russell H.; Boctor, Emad M.

    2010-02-01

    We present an image-guided intervention system based on tracked 3D elasticity imaging (EI) to provide a novel interventional modality for registration with pre-operative CT. The system can be integrated in both laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomies scenarios, where this new use of EI makes exact intra-operative execution of pre-operative planning possible. Quick acquisition and registration of 3D-B-Mode and 3D-EI volume data allows intra-operative registration with CT and thus with pre-defined target and critical regions (e.g. tumors and vasculature). Their real-time location information is then overlaid onto a tracked endoscopic video stream to help the surgeon avoid vessel damage and still completely resect tumors including safety boundaries. The presented system promises to increase the success rate for partial nephrectomies and potentially for a wide range of other laparoscopic and robotic soft tissue interventions. This is enabled by the three components of robust real-time elastography, fast 3D-EI/CT registration, and intra-operative tracking. With high quality, robust strain imaging (through a combination of parallelized 2D-EI, optimal frame pair selection, and optimized palpation motions), kidney tumors that were previously unregistrable or sometimes even considered isoechoic with conventional B-mode ultrasound can now be imaged reliably in interventional settings. Furthermore, this allows the transformation of planning CT data of kidney ROIs to the intra-operative setting with a markerless mutual-information-based registration, using EM sensors for intraoperative motion tracking. Overall, we present a complete procedure and its development, including new phantom models - both ex vivo and synthetic - to validate image-guided technology and training, tracked elasticity imaging, real-time EI frame selection, registration of CT with EI, and finally a real-time, distributed software architecture. Together, the system allows the surgeon to concentrate

  2. Hand-assisted and standard laparoscopic radical nephrectomy after prior renal surgery.

    PubMed

    Gabr, Ahmed H; Roberts, William W; Wolf, J Stuart

    2014-02-01

    With the increasing use of partial nephrectomy, cases of ipsilateral tumor recurrence will inevitably occur. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for a previously operated kidney, through a case-matched comparison with LRN in patients without prior renal surgery. Among 550 patients who underwent hand-assisted or standard LRN at our institution between August 1996 and January 2013, we identified patients who had prior laparoscopic or open surgical renal surgery. Each study patient was matched 1:2 with patients who had not had prior renal surgery. Matching was exact by surgical approach, gender, side of surgery, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and closest possible by age and body mass index. LRN was performed in 9 patients (6 hand-assisted and 3 standard) with prior open surgical or laparoscopic renal surgery. There were no conversions to open surgery. Primary surgeon tended to be to attending urologist more often than the trainee in the study compared to the control patients, an indication of increased technical difficulty. Additionally, there were four intraoperative injuries recorded in the study group (44%) and just one such event in the control group (5.6%) (p = 0.0297). Although LRN after prior renal surgery is challenging, requiring the expertise of experienced surgeons and being associated with appreciable rate of intraoperative injuries, these cases can be completed laparoscopically (especially with the selective use of hand-assistance) and are associated with duration of hospitalization and postoperative complication rates similar to those in patients undergoing LRN without prior renal surgery.

  3. The financial impact of robotic technology for partial and radical nephrectomy.

    PubMed

    Kates, Max; Ball, Mark W; Patel, Hiten D; Gorin, Michael A; Pierorazio, Phillip M; Allaf, Mohamad E

    2015-03-01

    We sought to evaluate the financial impact of robotic technology for partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) in the state of Maryland. The Maryland Health Services Cost Review Commission (HSCRC) documents all acute care hospital charges data. This database was queried for patients who underwent laparoscopic or robot-assisted RN and PN from 2008 to 2012. Total hospital charge, subcharge, and length of stay (LOS) were analyzed separately for RN and PN. Overall, 2834 patients were identified. Of those, 282 were laparoscopic PN (LPN), 1078 robot-assisted PN (RPN), 1098 laparoscopic RN (LRN), and 376 robot-assisted RN (RRN). For PN, the total hospital charge was $19,062 for LPN and $18,255 for RPN (P=0.138), with a charge savings of $807 per case in favor of robotics. For RN, the total hospital charge was $23,391 for RRN and $18,280 for LRN (P=0.004), with a charge premium of $5111 for robotic cases. LOS was shorter for RPN compared with LPN (2.51 vs 2.99 days, P<0.0001) and for RRN compared with LRN (3.52 vs 3.98, P=0.0498). RPN is associated with lower hospital charges than LPN, while RRN is associated with higher hospital charges than LRN. Savings for RPN are driven by decreased room and board charge, while the premium for RRN is driven by higher operating room and supply charges. Because RRN use is increasing, the financial implications of RRN use for routine cases warrants further study.

  4. Simultaneous liver kidney transplantation and (bilateral) nephrectomy through a midline is feasible and safe in polycystic disease.

    PubMed

    Jochmans, Ina; Monbaliu, Diethard; Ceulemans, Laurens J; Pirenne, Jacques; Fronek, Jiri

    2017-01-01

    In Eurotransplant, 50% of simultaneous liver kidney transplantations (SLK) are performed for polycystic disease. Classically, liver and kidney are transplanted in two steps: liver through a subcostal incision, kidney through a separate oblique incision. Liver and kidney volume can make this 'two-step' procedure challenging, especially if simultaneous native nephrectomy is indicated. A 'one-step' SLK through a xiphopubic laparotomy might be a safe alternative, facilitating mobilization of the voluminous polycystic liver and native nephrectomy whilst offering access to iliac fossae for kidney transplantation. One-step SLK procedures for polycystic disease were introduced in 08/2013 at IKEM Prague (n = 6) and 11/2014 at University Hospitals Leuven (n = 6). Feasibility and safety of the one-step technique were investigated. We compared surgical data and outcomes obtained with the one-step technique to all consecutive two-step procedures performed for polycystic disease at the University Hospitals Leuven between 2008-2014 (n = 23). Median (interquartile range) are given. One-step SLK offered broad and adequate exposure for the hepatectomy, nephrectomies and transplantations, which were all uneventful. Morbidity, patient (100% vs 91%, p = 0.53) and graft survival (100% graft survival for liver and kidney in both groups) were comparable between one-step and two-step SLK. Liver cold ischaemia time was comparable [6.0 (4.4-7.6) vs. 7.1 (3.9-7.3), p = 0.077], kidney cold ischaemia time was shorter in one-step compared to two-step SLK [8.1 (6.4-9.3) vs. 11.7 (10.0-14.0), p<0.001)]. Total procedural time was also shorter in one-step compared to two-step SLK [6.8 (4.1-9.3) vs. 9.0 (8.7-10.1), p = 0.032], while all underwent bilateral (67%) or unilateral (33%) nephrectomy (compared to 0% and 52% in two-step SLK, respectively). In one-step SLK, 67% received a pre-emptive kidney transplant compared to 46% in two-step SLK. 5/12 two-step SLK became dialysis dependant after pre

  5. Outcomes of angioembolization and nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex: a real-world US national study.

    PubMed

    Sun, Peter; Liu, Jamae; Charles, Hearns; Hulbert, John; Bissler, John

    2017-05-01

    To examine outcomes of clinical procedures for renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) based on US national health claims databases. This retrospective cohort study selected two cohorts of TSC patients, who underwent either embolization or nephrectomy (either partial or complete) for renal angiomyolipoma in the years from 2000 through 2011. Based on claims diagnosis codes, we estimated the prevalence rates of 10 angiomyolipoma-related conditions and 50 embolization- or nephrectomy-related conditions in the pre- and post-baseline periods respectively, and made cross-year and cross-period comparison of these rates with repeated measures analysis methods. The embolization cohort (N = 4280) and the nephrectomy cohort (N = 3842) had mean baseline ages of 50.7 and 51.7 years with 52.5% and 51.3% males, respectively. After the intervention, the embolization cohort had statistically significant reductions (all p < .05) in gross hematuria (-27.7%), retroperitoneal hemorrhage (-8.4%), and abdominal mass (-6.9%), and increases in hypertension (15.5%), renal mass or unspecified disorder of kidney and ureter (13.8%), anemia (5.1%), and renal insufficiency (3.3%). Similarly, the nephrectomy cohort saw statistically significant reductions (all p < .05) in gross hematuria (-30.6%), flank pain (-7.5%), and abdominal mass (-6.4%), but increases in hypertension (11.9%), renal insufficiency (10.4%), and anemia (7.6%). Embolization was associated with post-procedure increases in renal mass or unspecified kidney/ureter disorder (13.9%), other disorders of kidney and ureter (3.4%), non-acute renal insufficiency (3.1%), flank pain (3.7%), renal insufficiency (3.2%), etc. (all p < .05). Nephrectomy was associated with post-procedure increases in postoperative ileus (5.3%), pain and headache (4.8%), paralytic ileus (3.6%), etc. (all p < .05). Both embolization and nephrectomy were effective, but associated with increases in certain

  6. Simultaneous liver kidney transplantation and (bilateral) nephrectomy through a midline is feasible and safe in polycystic disease

    PubMed Central

    Monbaliu, Diethard; Ceulemans, Laurens J.; Pirenne, Jacques; Fronek, Jiri

    2017-01-01

    In Eurotransplant, 50% of simultaneous liver kidney transplantations (SLK) are performed for polycystic disease. Classically, liver and kidney are transplanted in two steps: liver through a subcostal incision, kidney through a separate oblique incision. Liver and kidney volume can make this ‘two-step’ procedure challenging, especially if simultaneous native nephrectomy is indicated. A ‘one-step’ SLK through a xiphopubic laparotomy might be a safe alternative, facilitating mobilization of the voluminous polycystic liver and native nephrectomy whilst offering access to iliac fossae for kidney transplantation. One-step SLK procedures for polycystic disease were introduced in 08/2013 at IKEM Prague (n = 6) and 11/2014 at University Hospitals Leuven (n = 6). Feasibility and safety of the one-step technique were investigated. We compared surgical data and outcomes obtained with the one-step technique to all consecutive two-step procedures performed for polycystic disease at the University Hospitals Leuven between 2008–2014 (n = 23). Median (interquartile range) are given. One-step SLK offered broad and adequate exposure for the hepatectomy, nephrectomies and transplantations, which were all uneventful. Morbidity, patient (100% vs 91%, p = 0.53) and graft survival (100% graft survival for liver and kidney in both groups) were comparable between one-step and two-step SLK. Liver cold ischaemia time was comparable [6.0 (4.4–7.6) vs. 7.1 (3.9–7.3), p = 0.077], kidney cold ischaemia time was shorter in one-step compared to two-step SLK [8.1 (6.4–9.3) vs. 11.7 (10.0–14.0), p<0.001)]. Total procedural time was also shorter in one-step compared to two-step SLK [6.8 (4.1–9.3) vs. 9.0 (8.7–10.1), p = 0.032], while all underwent bilateral (67%) or unilateral (33%) nephrectomy (compared to 0% and 52% in two-step SLK, respectively). In one-step SLK, 67% received a pre-emptive kidney transplant compared to 46% in two-step SLK. 5/12 two-step SLK became dialysis

  7. Successful Embolization of a Renal Artery Pseudoaneurysm with Arteriovenous Fistula and Extravasations Using Onyx After Partial Nephrectomy for Renal Cell Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Zelenak, Kamil; Sopilko, Igor; Svihra, Jan; Kliment, Jan

    2009-01-15

    Partial nephrectomy can be associated with vascular complications. Computed tomography (CT) with CT angiography is ideal for noninvasive imaging of this process. The treatment of choice is selective embolization. Successful transcatheter embolization of right renal subsegmental artery pseudoaneurysm with arteriovenous fistula and extravasations using Onyx was performed in a 66-year-old woman with macrohematuria 12 days after partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma.

  8. Outcomes after subtotal parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism due to hyperplasia: significance of whole vs. partial gland remnant.

    PubMed

    Rajaei, Mohammad H; Oltmann, Sarah C; Schneider, David F; Sippel, Rebecca S; Chen, Herbert

    2015-03-01

    Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) due to multigland hyperplasia is managed by subtotal parathyroidectomy (sPTX), with a partial gland left in situ. However, smaller, hyperplastic glands may be encountered intraoperatively, and it is unclear if leaving an intact gland is an equivalent alternative. This study evaluates the rates of permanent hypoparathyroidism and cure of PHPT patients with four-gland hyperplasia that were left with either a whole gland remnant (WGR) or a partial gland remnant (PGR) after sPTX. We reviewed the outcomes of PHPT patients with hyperplasia who underwent sPTX at an academic institution. Surgeon intraoperative judgment determined remnant size (a WGR vs. a PGR). Between 2002 and 2013, 172 patients underwent sPTX for PHPT. There were 108 patients (62.8%) who had a WGR. Another 64 patients (37.2%) had a PGR. Mean age was 60 ± 14 years. There were 82.6% female patients. Cases with positive family history for PHPT were more likely to have a PGR (12.5 vs. 3.7%; p = 0.03). Patients had similar preoperative and postoperative laboratories. Individuals with a PGR tended to have larger glands encountered by surgeons intraoperatively (525 ± 1,308 vs. 280 ± 341 mg; p = 0.02). One patient with a WGR developed permanent hypocalcemia. Overall, the cure rate was 97.1%. A mean of 29 ± 28.7 months follow-up revealed a recurrence rate of 5.2%. Disease persistence and recurrence rates were similar in patients. PHPT due to hyperplasia is managed by sPTX, leaving WGR without increased rates of disease persistence/recurrence. Patients without family history for hyperparathyroidism and those with smaller glands may be the best candidates for this approach.

  9. Reduction of the Incidence of Delayed Gastric Emptying in Side-to-Side Gastrojejunostomy in Subtotal Stomach-Preserving Pancreaticoduodenectomy.

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Toru; Ambo, Yoshiyasu; Noji, Takehiro; Okada, Naoya; Takada, Minoru; Shimizu, Toru; Suzuki, On; Nakamura, Fumitaka; Kashimura, Nobuichi; Kishida, Akihiro; Hirano, Satoshi

    2015-08-01

    One of the most common morbidities of pancreaticoduodenectomies is delayed gastric emptying (DGE). The recent advent of subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (SSPPD) attempts to lessen this troublesome complication; however, the incidence of DGE still remains to be 4.5-20%. This study aims to evaluate whether the incidence of DGE can be reduced by the side-to-side gastric greater curvature-to-jejunal anastomosis in comparison with the gastric stump-to-jejunal end-to-side anastomosis in SSPPD. Between October 2007 and September 2012, a total of 160 consecutive patients who had undergone SSPPD were analyzed retrospectively. In the first period (October 2007-March 2010), gastrojejunostomy was performed with end-to-side anastomosis in 80 patients (SSPPD-ETS group). In the second period (April 2010-September 2012), gastrojejunostomy was performed with the greater curvature side-to-jejunal side anastomosis in 80 patients (SSPPD-STS group). The postoperative data were collected prospectively in a database and reviewed retrospectively. The incidence of DGE was 21.3% in the SSPPD-ETS group and 2.5% in the SSPPD-STS group (P = 0.0002). According to the classification of the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS), the incidence of DGE of grades A, B, and C were 5, 5, and 7 in the SSPPD-ETS group and 0, 2, and 0 in the SSPPD-STS group, respectively. The overall morbidity and postoperative hospital stay of the two groups were not significantly different. The greater curvature side-to-side anastomosis of gastrojejunostomy is associated with a reduced incidence of DGE after SSPPD.

  10. A New Suggestion for the Radiation Target Volume After a Subtotal Gastrectomy in Patients With Stomach Cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Nam, Heerim; Lim, Do Hoon Kim, Sung; Kang, Won Ki; Sohn, Tae Sung; Noh, Jae Hyung; Kim, Yong Il; Park, Chan Hyung; Park, Chul Keun; Ahn, Yong Chan; Huh, Seung Jae

    2008-06-01

    Purpose: To compare treatment results between the use of two different radiation fields including and excluding remnant stomach and suggest new target volumes excluding remnant stomach after subtotal gastrectomy (STG) in patients with stomach cancer. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively analyzed 291 patients treated with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after STG and D2 dissection at the Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea. Eighty-three patients registered from 1995 to 1997 underwent irradiation according to the INT 0116 protocol that recommended the inclusion of remnant stomach within the target volume (Group A). After this period, we excluded remnant stomach from the target volume for 208 patients (Group B). Median follow-up was 67 months. Results: Treatment failure developed in 93 patients (32.0%). Local and regional recurrence rates for Group A vs. Group B were 10.8% vs. 5.3% (p = not significant) and 9.6% vs. 6.3% (p = not significant), and recurrence rates for remnant stomach were 7.2% vs. 1.4% (p = 0.018), respectively. Overall and disease-free survival rates were not different between the two groups. Grade 3 or 4 vomiting and diarrhea developed more frequently in Group A than Group B (4.8% vs. 1.4% and 6.0% vs. 1.9%, respectively; p = 0.012; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Exclusion of remnant stomach from the radiation field had no effect on failure rates or survival, and a low complication rate occurred in patients treated excluding remnant stomach. We suggest that remnant stomach be excluded from the radiation target volume for patients with stomach cancer who undergo STG and D2 dissection.

  11. Subtotal hepatectomy in swine for studying small-for-size syndrome and portal inflow modulation: is it reliable?

    PubMed

    Darnis, Benjamin; Mohkam, Kayvan; Schmitt, Zoé; Ledochowski, Stanislas; Vial, Jean-Paul; Duperret, Serge; Vogt, Catherine; De