Supersymmetric parameter space of family symmetries
Velasco-Sevilla, L.
2008-11-23
In this talk I have emphasized the effects of considering departures from the minimal flavour violation conditions, in the context of CMSSM-like theories, introduced by boundary conditions at GUT scale from Family Symmetries. In [1] we have shown the results of running these conditions down to EW, where constraints from fermion masses and CKM matrix elements have been used. Only when the expansion parameter in the sdown-squark sector is relatively large it is possible to relax the lower limit from b{yields}s{gamma} on the universal gaugino mass. The expansion parameter associated with the slepton sector needs to be smaller than the analogous in the sdown-squark sector in order to satisfy the bound imposed by the decay of {tau}{yields}{mu}{mu}.
Pure annihilation type decays in the family non-universal Z‧ model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Li, Ying; Wang, Dan-Dan; Lü, Cai-Dian
2016-01-01
By assuming that the scalar meson belongs to the first excited states or the lowest lying ground states of qq¯‧, we study the pure annihilation-type decays in the QCD factorization approach. Within the Standard Model, the branching fractions are of the order of 10-8-10-7, which is possible to measure in the ongoing LHCb experiment or forthcoming Belle-II experiment. We also study these decays in the family non-universal Z‧ model. The results show that if mZ‧ ≈ 600 GeV (ζ = 0.02), both the branching fractions and CP asymmetries of could be changed remarkably, which provides us with a place for probing the effect of new physics. These results could be used to constrain the parameters of the Z‧ model. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11175151, 11575151, 11375208, 11235005) and the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET) by Ministry of Education of P. R. China (NCET-13-0991)
Phenomenological implications of supersymmetric family nonuniversal U(1){sup '} models
Everett, Lisa L.; Jiang Jing; Langacker, Paul G.; Liu Tao
2010-11-01
We construct a class of anomaly-free supersymmetric U(1){sup '} models that are characterized by family nonuniversal U(1){sup '} charges motivated from E{sub 6} embeddings. The family nonuniversality arises from an interchange of the standard roles of the two SU(5) 5{sup *} representations within the 27 of E{sub 6} for the third generation. We analyze U(1){sup '} and electroweak symmetry breaking and present the particle mass spectrum. The models, which include additional Higgs multiplets and exotic quarks at the TeV scale, result in specific patterns of flavor-changing neutral currents in the b{yields}s transitions that can accommodate the presently observed deviations in this sector from the standard model predictions.
Family non-universal U(1)' gauge symmetries and b {r_arrow} s transitions.
Barger, V.; Everett, L.; Jiang, J.; Langacker, P.; Liu, T.; Wagner, C .E. M.; High Energy Physics; Univ. of Chicago; Univ. of Wisconsin at Madison; Inst. for Advanced Study
2009-01-01
We present a correlated analysis for the {Delta}B = 1, 2 processes which occur via b {yields} s transitions within models with a family nonuniversal U(1){prime}. We take a model-independent approach and only require family universal charges for the first and second generations and small fermion mixing angles. The results of our analysis show that within this class of models, the anomalies in B{sub s}-B{sub s}{sup -} mixing and the time-dependent CP asymmetries of the penguin-dominated B{sub d} {yields} ({pi},{psi},{eta}{prime},{rho},{omega},f{sub 0})K{sub S} decays can be accommodated.
Signatures of non-universal gaugino and scalar masses at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)
Bhattacharya, Subhaditya
2008-11-23
We perform a multichannel analysis in context of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) for supersymmetric (SUSY) theories with high-scale non-universal gaugino masses arising from different non-singlet representations of SU(5) and SO(10) gauge groups in a SUSY-GUT scenario and non-universal scalar masses in form of squark-slepton non-universality, third family scalar non-universality and that arising due to SO(10) D-terms. We present the numerical predictions over a wide region of parameter space using event generator Pythia. Certain broad features emerge from the study which may be useful to identify these non-universal schemes and distinguish them from the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) framework.
Family of fish-eye-related models and their supersymmetric partners
Makowski, Adam J.
2010-05-15
A large family of potentials related to the Maxwell fish-eye model is derived with the help of conformal mappings. It is shown that the whole family admits square-integrable E=0 solutions of the Schroedinger equation for discrete values of the coupling constant. A corresponding supersymmetric family of partner potentials to the preceding ones is derived as well. Some applications of the considered potentials are also discussed.
A comprehensive analysis of hadronic b → s transitions in a family non-universal Z‧ model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chang, Qin; Li, Xin-Qiang; Yang, Ya-Dong
2014-10-01
Motivated by the latest improved measurements of B-meson decays, we make a comprehensive analysis of the impact of a family non-universal {{Z}^{\\prime }} boson on {{B}_{s}}-{{\\bar{B}}_{s}} mixing and two-body hadronic B-meson decays, all being characterized by the quark-level b\\to s transition. Explicitly 22 decay modes and the related 52 observables are considered, and some interesting correlations between them are also carefully examined. Firstly, the allowed oases of b-s-{{Z}^{\\prime }} coupling parameters |B_{sb}^{L,R}| and \\phi _{s}^{L,R} are extracted from {{B}_{s}}-{{\\bar{B}}_{s}} mixing. Then, in the ‘SM limit’ (i.e., no new types of {{Z}^{\\prime }}-induced four-quark operators arise compared to the SM case), we study the {{Z}^{\\prime }} effects on B\\to \\pi K, \\pi {{K}^{*}} and \\rho K decays. It is found that a new weak phase \\phi _{s}^{L}\\sim -{{90}^{{}^\\circ }} is crucial for resolving the observed ‘\\pi K CP puzzle’ and the allowed cases of the other {{Z}^{\\prime }} coupling parameters are also strongly restricted. Moreover, the {{Z}^{\\prime }} effects on {{\\bar{B}}_{s}}\\to KK, K{{K}^{*}} and {{\\pi }^{0}}\\phi decays, being induced by the same quark-level b\\to sq\\bar{q}\\;(q=u,d) transitions, are also investigated. In particular, it is found that the decay {{\\bar{B}}_{s}}\\to {{\\pi }^{0}}\\phi , once measured, would play a key role in revealing the observed ‘\\pi K CP puzzle’ and probing possible new physics hints. Finally, to check the non-universality of {{Z}^{\\prime }} couplings to light-quark pairs, we have studied the B\\to \\phi K decays in detail and found that the left-handed s-s-{{Z}^{\\prime }} coupling is different from the d-d-{{Z}^{\\prime }} one, which is due to the large A_{CP}^{dir}({{B}^{-}}\\to \\phi {{K}^{-}}) reported by the BaBar Collaboration.
Supersymmetric musings on the predictivity of family symmetries
Kadota, Kenji; Kersten, Joern; Velasco-Sevilla, Liliana
2010-10-15
We discuss the predictivity of family symmetries for the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters in the framework of supergravity. We show that unknown details of the messenger sector and the supersymmetry breaking hidden sector enter into the soft parameters, making it difficult to obtain robust predictions. We find that there are specific choices of messenger fields which can improve the predictivity for the soft parameters.
Family number non-conservation induced by the supersymmetric mixing of scalar leptons
Levine, M.J.S.
1987-08-01
The most egregious aspect of (N = 1) supersymmetric theories is that each particle state is accompanied by a 'super-partner', a state with identical quantum numbers save that it differs in spin by one half unit. For the leptons these are scalars and are called ''sleptons'', or scalar leptons. These consist of the charged sleptons (selectron, smuon, stau) and the scalar neutrinos ('sneutrinos'). We examine a model of supersymmetry with soft breaking terms in the electroweak sector. Explicit mixing among the scalar leptons results in a number of effects, principally non-conservation of lepton family number. Comparison with experiment permits us to place constraints upon the model. 49 refs., 12 figs.
Shifted one-parameter supersymmetric family of quartic asymmetric double-well potentials
Rosu, Haret C.; Mancas, Stefan C.; Chen, Pisin
2014-10-15
Extending our previous work (Rosu, 2014), we define supersymmetric partner potentials through a particular Riccati solution of the form F(x)=(x−c){sup 2}−1, where c is a real shift parameter, and work out the quartic double-well family of one-parameter isospectral potentials obtained by using the corresponding general Riccati solution. For these parametric double well potentials, we study how the localization properties of the two wells depend on the parameter of the potentials for various values of the shifting parameter. We also consider the supersymmetric parametric family of the first double-well potential in the Razavy chain of double well potentials corresponding to F(x)=1/2 sinh2x−2((1+√(2))sinh2x)/((1+√(2))cosh2x+1) , both unshifted and shifted, to test and compare the localization properties. - Highlights: • Quartic one-parameter DWs with an additional shift parameter are introduced. • Anomalous localization feature of their zero modes is confirmed at different shifts. • Razavy one-parameter DWs are also introduced and shown not to have this feature.
Phenomenology of Models with Non-universal Sfermion Masses
Sakurai, Kazuki
2008-11-23
We propose some special type of non-universal sfermion mass spectrum inspired from naturalness of electroweak symmetry breaking and supersymmetric flavor problem. We discuss phenomenology of the models, lepton flavor violation, CP asymmetry of rare B decays, and LHC signature are investigated.
SUSY dark matter and non-universal gaugino masses
Birkedal-Hansen, Andreas
2002-04-15
In this talk the authors investigate the dark matter prospects for supersymmetric models with non-universal gaugino masses. They motivate the use of non-universal gaugino masses from several directions, including problems, with the current favorite scenario, the cMSSM. They then display new corridors of parameter space that allow an acceptable dark matter relic density once gaugino mass universality is relaxed. They finish with a specific string-derived model that allows this universality relaxation and then use the dark matter constraint to make specific statements about the hidden sector of the model.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rosu, Haret C.; Mancas, Stefan C.; Chen, Pisin
2014-04-01
In the context of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we define a potential through a particular Riccati solution of the composition form (F∘f)(x)=F(f(x) and obtain a generalized Mielnik construction of one-parameter isospectral potentials when we use the general Riccati solution. Some examples for special cases of F and f are given to illustrate the method. An interesting result is obtained in the case of a parametric double well potential generated by this method, for which it is shown that the parameter of the potential controls the heights of the localization probability in the two wells, and for certain values of the parameter the height of the localization probability can be higher in the smaller well.
Khoury, Justin; Lehners, Jean -Luc; Ovrut, Burt A.
2011-08-15
Galileon theories are of considerable interest since they allow for stable violations of the null energy condition. Since such violations could have occurred during a high-energy regime in the history of our universe, we are motivated to study supersymmetric extensions of these theories. This is carried out in this paper, where we construct generic classes of N = 1 supersymmetric Galileon Lagrangians. They are shown to admit non-equivalent stress-energy tensors and, hence, vacua manifesting differing conditions for violating the null energy condition. The temporal and spatial fluctuations of all component fields of the supermultiplet are analyzed and shown to bemore » stable on a large number of such backgrounds. In the process, we uncover a surprising connection between conformal Galileon and ghost condensate theories, allowing for a deeper understanding of both types of theories.« less
Khoury, Justin; Lehners, Jean -Luc
2011-08-15
Galileon theories are of considerable interest since they allow for stable violations of the null energy condition. Since such violations could have occurred during a high-energy regime in the history of our universe, we are motivated to study supersymmetric extensions of these theories. This is carried out in this paper, where we construct generic classes of N = 1 supersymmetric Galileon Lagrangians. They are shown to admit non-equivalent stress-energy tensors and, hence, vacua manifesting differing conditions for violating the null energy condition. The temporal and spatial fluctuations of all component fields of the supermultiplet are analyzed and shown to be stable on a large number of such backgrounds. In the process, we uncover a surprising connection between conformal Galileon and ghost condensate theories, allowing for a deeper understanding of both types of theories.
CP asymmetry of B{yields}K{pi} in SUSY models with non-universal A-terms
Khalil, Shaaban
2008-11-23
We show that the recent results of 5.2{sigma} difference between the CP asymmetries of B{sup 0}{yields}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and B{sup +}{yields}K{sup +}{pi}{sup 0} decays can be accommodated in supersymmetric models with non-universal A-terms.
Neutralino Dark Matter in MSSM Models with Non-Universal Higgs Masses
Sandick, Pearl
2010-06-23
We consider the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with varying amounts of non-universality in the soft supersymmetry-breaking contributions to the Higgs scalar masses. In addition to the constrained MSSM (CMSSM) in which these are universal with the soft supersymmetry-breaking contributions to the squark and slepton masses at the input GUT scale, we consider scenarios in which both the Higgs masses are non-universal by the same amount (NUHM1), and scenarios in which they are independently non-universal (NUHM2). As the lightest neutralino is a dark matter candidate, we demand that the relic density of neutralinos not be in conflict with measurements by WMAP and others, and examine the viable regions of parameter space. Prospects for direct detection of neutralino dark matter via elastic scattering in these scenarios are discussed.
Squark and slepton masses as probes of supersymmetric SO(10) unification
Balasubramanian Ananthanarayan; P. N. Pandita
2003-09-01
We carry out a detailed analysis of the non-universal supersymmetry breaking scalar masses arising in SO(10) supersymmetric unification. By considering patterns of squark and slepton masses, we show that a set of sum rules for the sfermion masses is independent of the manner in which SO(10) breaks. We discuss the reasons for this remarkable result. The phenomenology arising from such non-universality is shown to be practically unaffected by the symmetry breaking pattern.
Primordial supersymmetric inflation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ellis, John; Nanopoulos, D. V.; Olive, K. A.; Tamvakis, K.
1983-07-01
We discuss the motivations for reconsidering cosmological inflation in supersymmetric theories as contrasted with conventional GUTs. Radiative corrections to the effective potential can be made arbitrarily small in supersymmetric GUTs, removing some of the obstacles to inflation. We analyze general renormalizable potentials at the tree level and show that the required fine-tuning of parameters becomes less acute if inflation takes place before the grand unified phase transition, a hypothesis we term primordial inflation. We show how the grand unified monopole problem can be solved in supersymmetric GUTs embodying primordial inflation.
Supersymmetric oscillator in optics
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Chumakov, Sergey M.; Wolf, Kurt Bernardo
1995-01-01
We show that the supersymmetric structure (in the sense of supersymmetric quantum mechanics) appears in Helmholtz optics describing light propagation in waveguides. For the case of elliptical waveguides, with the accuracy of paraxial approximation it admits a simple physical interpretation. The supersymmetry connects light beams of different colors. The difference in light frequencies for the supersymmetric beams is determined by the transverse gradient of the refractive index. These beams have the save wavelength in the propagation direction and can form a stable interference pattern.
Bagger, J.A.
1984-09-01
We begin to construct the most general supersymmetric Lagrangians in one, two and four dimensions. We find that the matter couplings have a natural interpretation in the language of the nonlinear sigma model.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Koehn, Michael; Trodden, Mark
2016-04-01
In supersymmetric theories, topological defects can have nontrivial behaviors determined purely by whether or not supersymmetry is restored in the defect core. A well-known example of this is that some supersymmetric cosmic strings are automatically superconducting, leading to important cosmological effects and constraints. We investigate the impact of nontrivial kinetic interactions, present in a number of particle physics models of interest in cosmology, on the relationship between supersymmetry and supercurrents on strings. We find that in some cases it is possible for superconductivity to be disrupted by the extra interactions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sasaki, Shin; Yamaguchi, Masahide; Yokoyama, Daisuke
2012-11-01
We discuss a supersymmetric version of DBI (Dirac-Born-Infeld) inflation, which is a typical inflation model in string cosmology. The supersymmetric DBI action together with a superpotential always leads to correction terms associated with the potential into the kinetic term, which drastically change the dynamics of DBI inflation. We find two significant features of supersymmetric DBI inflation. The first one is that ultra-relativistic motion is prohibited to cause inflation, which leads to order of unity sound velocity squared and hence small non-Gaussianities of primordial curvature perturbations. The second one is that the relation between the tensor-to-scalar ratio and the field variation is modified. Then, significant tensor-to-scalar ratio r≳0.01 is possible because the variation of the canonically normalized inflaton can be beyond the reduced Planck scale. These new features are in sharp contrast with those of the standard non-supersymmetric DBI inflation and hence have a lot of interest implications on upcoming observations of cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies by the Planck satellite as well as direct detection experiments of gravitational waves like DECIGO and BBO.
Dynamical supersymmetric Dirac Hamiltonians
Ginocchio, J.N.
1986-01-01
Using the language of quantum electrodynamics, the Dirac Hamiltonian of a neutral fermion interacting with a tensor field is examined. A supersymmetry found for a general Dirac Hamiltonian of this type is discussed, followed by consideration of the special case of a harmonic electric potential. The square of the Dirac Hamiltonian of a neutral fermion interacting via an anomalous magnetic moment in an electric potential is shown to be equivalent to a three-dimensional supersymmetric Schroedinger equation. It is found that for a potential that grows as a power of r, the lowest energy of the Hamiltonian equals the rest mass of the fermion, and the Dirac eigenfunction has only an upper component which is normalizable. It is also found that the higher energy states have upper and lower components which form a supersymmetric doublet. 15 refs. (LEW)
Nearly Supersymmetric Dark Atoms
Behbahani, Siavosh R.; Jankowiak, Martin; Rube, Tomas; Wacker, Jay G.
2011-01-01
Theories of dark matter that support bound states are an intriguing possibility for the identity of the missing mass of the Universe. This article proposes a class of models of supersymmetric composite dark matter where the interactions with the Standard Model communicate supersymmetry breaking to the dark sector. In these models, supersymmetry breaking can be treated as a perturbation on the spectrum of bound states. Using a general formalism, the spectrum with leading supersymmetry effects is computed without specifying the details of the binding dynamics. The interactions of the composite states with the Standard Model are computed, and several benchmarkmore » models are described. General features of nonrelativistic supersymmetric bound states are emphasized.« less
Semiclassical Supersymmetric Quantum Gravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kiefer, Claus; Lück, Tobias; Vargas Moniz, Paulo
2008-09-01
We develop a semiclassical approximation scheme for the constraint equations of supersymmetric canonical quantum gravity. This is achieved by a Born-Oppenheimer type of expansion, in analogy to the case of the usual Wheeler-DeWitt equation. We recover at consecutive orders the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, the functional Schrödinger equation, and quantum gravitational correction terms to this Schrödinger equation. In particular, our work has the following implications: (i) the Hamilton-Jacobi equation and therefore the background spacetime must involve the gravitino, (ii) a (many fingered) local time parameter has to be present on Super Riem Σ (the space of all possible tetrad and gravitino fields), (iii) quantum supersymmetric gravitational corrections affect the evolution of the very early universe.
Nearly Supersymmetric Dark Atoms
Behbahani, Siavosh R.; Jankowiak, Martin; Rube, Tomas; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP
2011-08-12
Theories of dark matter that support bound states are an intriguing possibility for the identity of the missing mass of the Universe. This article proposes a class of models of supersymmetric composite dark matter where the interactions with the Standard Model communicate supersymmetry breaking to the dark sector. In these models supersymmetry breaking can be treated as a perturbation on the spectrum of bound states. Using a general formalism, the spectrum with leading supersymmetry effects is computed without specifying the details of the binding dynamics. The interactions of the composite states with the Standard Model are computed and several benchmark models are described. General features of non-relativistic supersymmetric bound states are emphasized.
Supersymmetric biorthogonal quantum systems
Curtright, Thomas; Mezincescu, Luca; Schuster, David
2007-09-15
We discuss supersymmetric biorthogonal systems, with emphasis given to the periodic solutions that occur at spectral singularities of PT symmetric models. For these periodic solutions, the dual functions are associated polynomials that obey inhomogeneous equations. We construct in detail some explicit examples for the supersymmetric pairs of potentials V{sub {+-}}(z)=-U(z){sup 2}{+-}z(d/dz)U(z) where U(z){identical_to}{sigma}{sub k>0}{upsilon}{sub k}z{sup k}. In particular, we consider the cases generated by U(z)=z and z/(1-z). We also briefly consider the effects of magnetic vector potentials on the partition functions of these systems.
Supersymmetric fifth order evolution equations
Tian, K.; Liu, Q. P.
2010-03-08
This paper considers supersymmetric fifth order evolution equations. Within the framework of symmetry approach, we give a list containing six equations, which are (potentially) integrable systems. Among these equations, the most interesting ones include a supersymmetric Sawada-Kotera equation and a novel supersymmetric fifth order KdV equation. For the latter, we supply some properties such as a Hamiltonian structures and a possible recursion operator.
Harnik, Roni
2004-10-27
Supersymmetric models have traditionally been assumed to be perturbative up to high scales due to the requirement of calculable unification. In this note I review the recently proposed `Fat Higgs' model which relaxes the requirement of perturbativity. In this framework, an NMSSM-like trilinear coupling becomes strong at some intermediate scale. The NMSSM Higgses are meson composites of an asymptotically-free gauge theory. This allows us to raise the mass of the Higgs, thus alleviating the MSSM of its fine tuning problem. Despite the strong coupling at an intermediate scale, the UV completion allows us to maintain gauge coupling unification.
Supersymmetric Lepton Flavor Violation
Ilakovac, Amon; Pilaftsis, Apostolos
2010-02-10
We study a new supersymmetric mechanism for lepton flavor violation in a minimal extension of the MSSM with low-mass heavy singlet neutrinos, which is fully independent of the flavour structure of the soft SUSY breaking sector. We find that l->l'gamma processes are forbidden in the SUSY limit, whilst the processes l->l'l{sub 1}l{sub 2} and mu->e conversion in nuclei can be enhanced well above the observable level, via large neutrino Yukawa-coupling effects.
Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
David, J.; Fernández, C.
2010-10-01
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) is a powerful tool for generating new potentials with known spectra departing from an initial solvable one. In these lecture notes we will present some general formulae concerning SUSY QM of first second order for one-dimensional arbitrary systems, we will illustrate the method through the trigonometric Pöschl-Teller potentials. Some intrinsically related subjects, as the algebraic structure inherited by the new Hamiltonians and the corresponding coherent states will be analyzed. The technique will be as well implemented for periodic potentials, for which the corresponding spectrum is composed of allowed bands separated by energy gaps.
Supersymmetrizing massive gravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Malaeb, O.
2013-07-01
When four scalar fields with global Lorentz symmetry are coupled to gravity and take a vacuum expectation value, breaking diffeomorphism invariance spontaneously, the graviton becomes massive. This model is supersymmetrized by considering four N=1 chiral superfields with global Lorentz symmetry. The global supersymmetry is promoted to a local one using the rules of tensor calculus of coupling the N=1 supergravity Lagrangian to the four chiral multiplets. When the scalar components of the chiral multiplets zA acquire a vacuum expectation value, both diffeomorphism invariance and local supersymmetry are broken spontaneously. The global Lorentz index A becomes identified with the space-time Lorentz index, making the scalar fields zA vectors and the chiral spinors ψA spin-3/2 Rarita-Schwinger fields. We show that the spectrum of the model in the broken phase consists of a massive spin-2 field, two massive spin-3/2 fields with different mass and a massive vector.
Bergshoeff, E.A. ); Kallosh, R.; Ortin, T. )
1993-06-15
We present plane-wave-type solutions of the lowest-order superstring effective action which have unbroken space-time supersymmetries. They are given by a stringy generalization of the Brinkmann metric, dialton, axion, and gauge fields. Some conspiracy between the metric and the axion field is required. The [alpha][prime] stringy corrections to the effective on-shell action, to the equations of motion (and therefore to the solutions themselves), and to the supersymmetry transformations are shown to vanish for a special class of these solutions that we call supersymmetric string waves (SSW's). In the SSW solutions, there exists a conspiracy not only between the metric and the axion field, but also between the gauge fields and the metric, since the embedding of the spin connection in the gauge group is required.
The Classification of Highly Supersymmetric Supergravity Solutions
Gran, U.; Gutowski, J.; Papadopoulos, G.; Roest, D.
2009-02-02
The spinorial geometry method is an effective method for constructing systematic classifications of supersymmetric supergravity solutions. Recent work on analysing highly supersymmetric solutions in type IIB supergravity using this method is reviewed. It is shown that all supersymmetric solutions of IIB supergravity with more than 28 Killing spinors are locally maximally supersymmetric.
Supersymmetric mode converters
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Heinrich, Matthias; Miri, Mohammad-Ali; Stützer, Simon; Nolte, Stefan; Szameit, Alexander; Christodoulides, Demetrios N.
2015-08-01
In recent years, the ever-increasing demand for high-capacity transmission systems has driven remarkable advances in technologies that encode information on an optical signal. Mode-division multiplexing makes use of individual modes supported by an optical waveguide as mutually orthogonal channels. The key requirement in this approach is the capability to selectively populate and extract specific modes. Optical supersymmetry (SUSY) has recently been proposed as a particularly elegant way to resolve this design challenge in a manner that is inherently scalable, and at the same time maintains compatibility with existing multiplexing strategies. Supersymmetric partners of multimode waveguides are characterized by the fact that they share all of their effective indices with the original waveguide. The crucial exception is the fundamental mode, which is absent from the spectrum of the partner waveguide. Here, we demonstrate experimentally how this global phase-matching property can be exploited for efficient mode conversion. Multimode structures and their superpartners are experimentally realized in coupled networks of femtosecond laser-written waveguides, and the corresponding light dynamics are directly observed by means of fluorescence microscopy. We show that SUSY transformations can readily facilitate the removal of the fundamental mode from multimode optical structures. In turn, hierarchical sequences of such SUSY partners naturally implement the conversion between modes of adjacent order. Our experiments illustrate just one of the many possibilities of how SUSY may serve as a building block for integrated mode-division multiplexing arrangements. Supersymmetric notions may enrich and expand integrated photonics by versatile optical components and desirable, yet previously unattainable, functionalities.
LHC phenomenology of natural MSSM with non-universal gaugino masses at the unification scale
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Abe, Hiroyuki; Kawamura, Junichiro; Omura, Yuji
2015-08-01
In this letter, we study collider phenomenology in the supersymmetric Standard Model with a certain type of non-universal gaugino masses at the gauge coupling unification scale, motivated by the little hierarchy problem. In this scenario, especially the wino mass is relatively large compared to the gluino mass at the unification scale, and the heavy wino can relax the fine-tuning of the higgsino mass parameter, so-called μ-parameter. Besides, it will enhance the lightest Higgs boson mass due to the relatively large left-right mixing of top squarks through the renormalization group (RG) effect. Then 125 GeV Higgs boson could be accomplished, even if the top squarks are lighter than 1 TeV and the μ parameter is within a few hundreds GeV. The right-handed top squark tends to be lighter than the other sfermions due to the RG runnings, then we focus on the top squark search at the LHC. Since the top squark is almost right-handed and the higgsinos are nearly degenerate, 2 b + E T miss channel is the most sensitive to this scenario. We figure out current and expected experimental bounds on the lightest top squark mass and model parameters at the gauge coupling unification scale.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and paraquantization
Morchedi, O.; Mebarki, N.
2012-06-27
The paraquantum Hamiltonian of a free particle is shown to be supersymmetric. Depending on the space-time dimension, the corresponding N=1 and N=2 supercharges are constructed and the related Hamiltonians are derived.
Supersymmetric origin of matter
Balazs, C.; Carena, M.; Menon, A.; Morrissey, D.E.; Wagner, C.E.M.
2005-04-01
The minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) can provide the correct neutralino relic abundance and baryon number asymmetry of the universe. Both may be efficiently generated in the presence of CP violating phases, light charginos and neutralinos, and a light top squark. Because of the coannihilation of the neutralino with the light stop, we find a large region of parameter space in which the neutralino relic density is consistent with WMAP and SDSS data. We perform a detailed study of the additional constraints induced when CP violating phases, consistent with the ones required for baryogenesis, are included. We explore the possible tests of this scenario from present and future electron electric dipole moment (EDM) measurements, direct neutralino detection experiments, collider searches and the b{yields}s{gamma} decay rate. We find that the EDM constraints are quite severe and that electron EDM experiments, together with stop searches at the Tevatron and Higgs searches at the LHC, will provide a definite test of our scenario of electroweak baryogenesis in the next few years.
The Supersymmetric Standard Model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fayet, Pierre
2016-10-01
The Standard Model may be included within a supersymmetric theory, postulating new sparticles that differ by half-a-unit of spin from their standard model partners, and by a new quantum number called R-parity. The lightest one, usually a neutralino, is expected to be stable and a possible candidate for dark matter. The electroweak breaking requires two doublets, leading to several charged and neutral Brout-Englert-Higgs bosons. This also leads to gauge/Higgs unification by providing extra spin-0 partners for the spin-1 W± and Z. It offers the possibility to view, up to a mixing angle, the new 125 GeV boson as the spin-0 partner of the Z under two supersymmetry transformations, i.e. as a Z that would be deprived of its spin. Supersymmetry then relates two existing particles of different spins, in spite of their different gauge symmetry properties, through supersymmetry transformations acting on physical fields in a non-polynomial way. We also discuss how the compactification of extra dimensions, relying on R-parity and other discrete symmetries, may determine both the supersymmetrybreaking and grand-unification scales.
Supersymmetric leptophilic Higgs model
Marshall, Gardner; Sher, Marc
2011-01-01
In the leptophilic model, one Higgs doublet couples to quarks and another couples to leptons. We study the supersymmetric version of this model, concentrating on the tightly constrained Higgs sector, which has four doublets. Constraints from perturbativity, unitarity, and LEP bounds are considered. It is found that the lightest Higgs, h, can have a mass well below 114 GeV, and for masses below 100 GeV will have a substantially enhanced branching ratio into {tau} pairs. For this region of parameter space, traditional production mechanisms (Higgs-strahlung, W fusion, and gluon fusion) are suppressed, but it may be produced in the decay of heavier particles. The second lightest Higgs has a mass of approximately 110 GeV for virtually all of parameter space, with standard model couplings, and thus an increase of a few GeV in the current lower bound on the standard model Higgs mass would rule out the model. The two heavier Higgs are both gauge phobic, one decays almost entirely into bb and can be produced via gluon fusion while the other decays almost entirely into {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} but cannot be easily produced.
Effects of supersymmetric threshold corrections on the Yukawa matrix unification
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Iskrzyński, Mateusz
2015-02-01
We present an updated analysis of the Yukawa matrix unification within the renormalizable R-parity-conserving Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. It is assumed that the soft terms are non-universal but flavour-diagonal in the super-CKM basis at the GUT scale. Trilinear Higgs-squark-squark -terms can generate large threshold corrections to the Yukawa matrix at the superpartner decoupling scale. In effect, the boundary condition at the GUT scale can be satisfied. However, such large trilinear terms make the usual Higgs vacuum metastable (though long-lived). We broaden previous studies by including results from the first LHC phase, notably the measurement of the Higgs particle mass, as well as a quantitative investigation of flavour observables.
Supersymmetric q-deformed quantum mechanics
Traikia, M. H.; Mebarki, N.
2012-06-27
A supersymmetric q-deformed quantum mechanics is studied in the weak deformation approximation of the Weyl-Heisenberg algebra. The corresponding supersymmetric q-deformed hamiltonians and charges are constructed explicitly.
Supersymmetric descendants of self-adjointly extended quantum mechanical Hamiltonians
Al-Hashimi, M.H.; Salman, M.; Shalaby, A.; Wiese, U.-J.
2013-10-15
We consider the descendants of self-adjointly extended Hamiltonians in supersymmetric quantum mechanics on a half-line, on an interval, and on a punctured line or interval. While there is a 4-parameter family of self-adjointly extended Hamiltonians on a punctured line, only a 3-parameter sub-family has supersymmetric descendants that are themselves self-adjoint. We also address the self-adjointness of an operator related to the supercharge, and point out that only a sub-class of its most general self-adjoint extensions is physical. Besides a general characterization of self-adjoint extensions and their supersymmetric descendants, we explicitly consider concrete examples, including a particle in a box with general boundary conditions, with and without an additional point interaction. We also discuss bulk-boundary resonances and their manifestation in the supersymmetric descendant. -- Highlights: •Self-adjoint extension theory and contact interactions. •Application of self-adjoint extensions to supersymmetry. •Contact interactions in finite volume with Robin boundary condition.
Bilinear approach to the supersymmetric Gardner equation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Babalic, C. N.; Carstea, A. S.
2016-08-01
We study a supersymmetric version of the Gardner equation (both focusing and defocusing) using the superbilinear formalism. This equation is new and cannot be obtained from the supersymmetric modified Korteweg-de Vries equation with a nonzero boundary condition. We construct supersymmetric solitons and then by passing to the long-wave limit in the focusing case obtain rational nonsingular solutions. We also discuss the supersymmetric version of the defocusing equation and the dynamics of its solutions.
Supersymmetric Ruijsenaars-Schneider Model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Blondeau-Fournier, O.; Desrosiers, P.; Mathieu, P.
2015-03-01
An integrable supersymmetric generalization of the trigonometric Ruijsenaars-Schneider model is presented whose symmetry algebra includes the super Poincaré algebra. Moreover, its Hamiltonian is shown to be diagonalized by the recently introduced Macdonald superpolynomials. Somewhat surprisingly, the consistency of the scalar product forces the discreteness of the Hilbert space.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tian, Kai; Liu, Q. P.
2012-07-01
A new N=1 supersymmetric Harry Dym equation is constructed by applying supersymmetric reciprocal transformation to a trivial supersymmetric Harry Dym equation, and its recursion operator and Lax formulation are also obtained. Within the framework of symmetry approach, a class of 3rd order supersymmetric equations of Harry Dym type are considered. In addition to five known integrable equations, a new supersymmetric equation, admitting 5th order generalized symmetry, is shown to be linearizable through supersymmetric reciprocal transformation. Furthermore, its Lax representation and recursion operator are given so that the integrability of this new equation is confirmed.
Supersymmetric Higgs bosons and beyond
Carena, Marcela; Kong, Kyoungchul; Ponton, Eduardo; Zurita, Jose
2010-01-01
We consider supersymmetric models that include particles beyond the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with masses in the TeV range, and that couple significantly to the MSSM Higgs sector. We perform a model-independent analysis of the spectrum and couplings of the MSSM Higgs fields, based on an effective theory of the MSSM degrees of freedom. The tree-level mass of the lightest CP-even state can easily be above the LEP bound of 114 GeV, thus allowing for a relatively light spectrum of superpartners, restricted only by direct searches. The Higgs spectrum and couplings can be significantly modified compared to the MSSM ones, often allowing for interesting new decay modes. We also observe that the gluon fusion production cross section of the SM-like Higgs can be enhanced with respect to both the standard model and the MSSM.
Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons and Beyond
Carena, Marcela; Kong, Kyoungchul; Ponton, Eduardo; Zurita, Jose; /Fermilab /Buenos Aires U.
2010-08-26
We consider supersymmetric models that include particles beyond the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with masses in the TeV range, and that couple significantly to the MSSM Higgs sector. We perform a model-independent analysis of the spectrum and couplings of the MSSM Higgs fields, based on an effective theory of the MSSM degrees of freedom. The tree-level mass of the lightest CP-even state can easily be above the LEP bound of 114 GeV, thus allowing for a relatively light spectrum of superpartners, restricted only by direct searches. The Higgs spectrum and couplings can be significantly modified compared to the MSSM ones, often allowing for interesting new decay modes. We also observe that the gluon fusion production cross section of the SM-like Higgs can be enhanced with respect to both the Standard Model and the MSSM.
New supersymmetric vacua on solvmanifolds
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Andriot, David
2016-02-01
We obtain new supersymmetric flux vacua of type II supergravities on fourdimensional Minkowski times six-dimensional solvmanifolds. The orientifold O 4, O 5, O 6, O 7, or O 8-planes and D-branes are localized. All vacua are in addition not T-dual to a vacuum on the torus. The corresponding solvmanifolds are proven to be Calabi-Yau, with explicit metrics. Other Ricci flat solvmanifolds are shown to be only Kähler.
Hyperbolic supersymmetric quantum Hall effect
Hasebe, Kazuki
2008-12-15
Developing a noncompact version of the supersymmetric Hopf map, we formulate the quantum Hall effect on a superhyperboloid. Based on OSp(1|2) group theoretical methods, we first analyze the one-particle Landau problem, and successively explore the many-body problem where the Laughlin wave function, hard-core pseudopotential Hamiltonian, and topological excitations are derived. It is also shown that the fuzzy superhyperboloid emerges at the lowest Landau level.
Duality in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Peskin, M.E.
1997-02-01
These lectures provide an introduction to the behavior of strongly-coupled supersymmetric gauge theories. After a discussion of the effective Lagrangian in nonsupersymmetric and supersymmetric field theories, the author analyzes the qualitative behavior of the simplest illustrative models. These include supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} < N{sub c}, in which the superpotential is generated nonperturbatively, N = 2 SU(2) Yang-Mills theory (the Seiberg-Witten model), in which the nonperturbative behavior of the effect coupling is described geometrically, and supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} large, in which the theory illustrates a non-Abelian generalization of electric-magnetic duality. 75 refs., 12 figs.
Supersymmetric duality in superloop space
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Faizal, Mir; Tsun, Tsou Sheung
2015-07-01
In this paper we constructed superloop space duality for a four dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with supersymmetry. This duality reduces to the ordinary loop space duality for the ordinary Yang-Mills theory. It also reduces to the Hodge duality for an abelian gauge theory. Furthermore, the electric charges, which are the sources in the original theory, appear as monopoles in the dual theory. Whereas, the magnetic charges, which appear as monopoles in the original theory, become sources in the dual theory.
Supersymmetric Adler functions and holography
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Iwanaga, Masaya; Karch, Andreas; Sakai, Tadakatsu
2016-09-01
We perform several tests on a recent proposal by Shifman and Stepanyantz for an exact expression for the current correlation functions in supersymmetric gauge theories. We clarify the meaning of the relation in superconformal theories. In particular we show that it automatically follows from known relations between the current correlation functions and anomalies. It therefore also automatically matches between different dual realizations of the same superconformal theory. We use holographic examples as well as calculations in free theories to show that the proposed relation fails in theories with mass terms.
Non-supersymmetric string theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Martinec, Emil J.; Robbins, Daniel; Sethi, Savdeep
2011-10-01
A class of non-supersymmetric string backgrounds can be constructed using twists that involve space-time fermion parity. We propose a non-perturbative definition of string theory in these backgrounds via gauge theories with supersymmetry softly broken by twisted boundary conditions. The perturbative string spectrum is reproduced, and qualitative effects of the interactions are discussed. Along the way, we find an interesting mechanism for inflation. The end state of closed string tachyon condensation is a highly excited state in the gauge theory which, in all likelihood, does not have a geometric interpretation.
Ultraviolet divergences and supersymmetric theories
Sagnotti, A.
1984-09-01
This article is closely related to the one by Ferrara in these same Proceedings. It deals with what is perhaps the most fascinating property of supersymmetric theories, their improved ultraviolet behavior. My aim here is to present a survey of the state of the art as of August, 1984, and a somewhat more detailed discussion of the breakdown of the superspace power-counting beyond N = 2 superfields. A method is also described for simplifying divergence calculations that uses the locality of subtracted Feynman integrals. 74 references.
Spinon bases in supersymmetric CFTs
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fokkema, Thessa; Schoutens, Kareljan
2016-07-01
We present a novel way to organise the finite size spectra of a class of conformal field theories (CFT) with { N }=2 or (nonlinear) { N }=4 superconformal symmetry. Generalising the spinon basis of the {SU}{(n)}1 WZW theories, we introduce supersymmetric spinons ({φ }-,{φ }+), which form a representation of the supersymmetry algebra. In each case, we show how to construct a multi-spinon basis of the chiral CFT spectra. The multi-spinon states are labelled by a collection \\{{n}j\\} of (discrete) momenta. The state-content for given choice of \\{{n}j\\} is determined through a generalised exclusion principle, similar to Haldane's ‘motif’ rules for the {SU}{(n)}1 theories. In the simplest case, which is the { N }=2 superconformal theory with central charge c = 1, we develop an algebraic framework similar to the Yangian symmetry of the {SU}{(2)}1 theory. It includes an operator H 2, akin to a CFT Haldane-Shastry Hamiltonian, which is diagonalised by multi-spinon states. In all cases studied, we obtain finite partition sums by capping the spinon-momenta to some finite value. For the { N }=2 superconformal CFTs, this finitisation precisely leads to the so-called M k supersymmetric lattice models with characteristic order-k exclusion rules on the lattice. Finitising the c = 2 CFT with nonlinear { N }=4 superconformal symmetry similarly gives lattice model partition sums for spin-full Fermions with on-site and nearest neighbour exclusion.
A Maximally Supersymmetric Kondo Model
Harrison, Sarah; Kachru, Shamit; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2012-02-17
We study the maximally supersymmetric Kondo model obtained by adding a fermionic impurity to N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. While the original Kondo problem describes a defect interacting with a free Fermi liquid of itinerant electrons, here the ambient theory is an interacting CFT, and this introduces qualitatively new features into the system. The model arises in string theory by considering the intersection of a stack of M D5-branes with a stack of N D3-branes, at a point in the D3 worldvolume. We analyze the theory holographically, and propose a dictionary between the Kondo problem and antisymmetric Wilson loops in N = 4 SYM. We perform an explicit calculation of the D5 fluctuations in the D3 geometry and determine the spectrum of defect operators. This establishes the stability of the Kondo fixed point together with its basic thermodynamic properties. Known supergravity solutions for Wilson loops allow us to go beyond the probe approximation: the D5s disappear and are replaced by three-form flux piercing a new topologically non-trivial S3 in the corrected geometry. This describes the Kondo model in terms of a geometric transition. A dual matrix model reflects the basic properties of the corrected gravity solution in its eigenvalue distribution.
Supersymmetric D3/D7 for holographic flavors on curved space
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Karch, Andreas; Robinson, Brandon; Uhlemann, Christoph F.
2015-11-01
We derive a new class of supersymmetric D3/D7 brane configurations, which allow to holographically describe N=4 SYM coupled to massive N=2 flavor degrees of freedom on spaces of constant curvature. We systematically solve the κ-symmetry condition for D7-brane embeddings into AdS4-sliced AdS5×S5, and find supersymmetric embeddings in a simple closed form. Up to a critical mass, these embeddings come in surprisingly diverse families, and we present a first study of their (holographic) phenomenology. We carry out the holographic renormalization, compute the one-point functions and attempt a field-theoretic interpretation of the different families. To complete the catalog of supersymmetric D3/D7 configurations, we construct analogous embeddings for flavored N=4 SYM on S4 and dS4.
The supersymmetric parameter space in light of B-physics observables and electroweak precision data
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ellis, John; Heinemeyer, Sven; Olive, Keith A.; Weber, Arne M.; Weiglein, Georg
2007-08-01
Indirect information about the possible scale of supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking is provided by B-physics observables (BPO) as well as electroweak precision observables (EWPO). We combine the constraints imposed by recent measurements of the BPO BR(b → sγ), BR(Bs → μ+μ-), BR(Bu → τντ) and ΔMBs with those obtained from the experimental measurements of the EWPO MW, sin2 θeff, ΓZ, (g-2)μ and Mh, incorporating the latest theoretical calculations of these observables within the Standard Model and supersymmetric extensions. We perform a χ2 fit to the parameters of the constrained minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (CMSSM), in which the SUSY-breaking parameters are universal at the GUT scale, and the non-universal Higgs model (NUHM), in which this constraint is relaxed for the soft SUSY-breaking contributions to the Higgs masses. Assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) provides the cold dark matter density preferred by WMAP and other cosmological data, we scan over the remaining parameter space. Within the CMSSM, we confirm the preference found previously for a relatively low SUSY-breaking scale, though there is some slight tension between the EWPO and the BPO. In studies of some specific NUHM scenarios compatible with the cold dark matter constraint we investigate (MA, tan β) planes and find preferred regions that have values of χ2 somewhat lower than in the CMSSM.
New Dualities in Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theories
Craig, Nathaniel; Essig, Rouven; Hook, Anson; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2011-08-15
We analyze the phase structure of supersymmetric chiral gauge theories with gauge group SU(N), an antisymmetric, and F {le} N + 3 flavors, in the presence of a cubic superpotential. When F = N + 3 the theory flows to a superconformal fixed point in the infrared, and new dual descriptions of this theory are uncovered. The theory with odd N admits a self-dual magnetic description. For general N, we find an infinite family of magnetic dual descriptions, characterized by arbitrarily large gauge groups and additional classical global symmetries that are truncated by nonperturbative effects. The infrared dynamics of these theories are analyzed using a-maximization, which supports the claim that all these theories flow to the same superconformal fixed point. A very rich phase structure is found when the number of flavors is reduced below N + 3, including a new self-dual point, transitions from conformal to confining, and a nonperturbative instability for F {le} N. We also give examples of chiral theories with antisymmetrics that have nonchiral duals.
Collective excitations of supersymmetric plasma
Czajka, Alina; Mrowczynski, Stanislaw
2011-02-15
Collective excitations of N=1 supersymmetric electromagnetic plasma are studied. Since the Keldysh-Schwinger approach is used, not only equilibrium but also nonequilibrium plasma, which is assumed to be ultrarelativistic, is under consideration. The dispersion equations of photon, photino, electron, and selectron modes are written down and the self-energies, which enter the equations, are computed in the hard loop approximation. The self-energies are discussed in the context of effective action which is also given. The photon modes and electron ones appear to be the same as in the usual ultrarelativistic plasma of electrons, positrons, and photons. The photino modes coincide with the electron ones and the selectron modes are as of a free relativistic massive particle.
Instability of supersymmetric microstate geometries
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Eperon, Felicity C.; Reall, Harvey S.; Santos, Jorge E.
2016-10-01
We investigate the classical stability of supersymmetric, asymptotically flat, microstate geometries with five non-compact dimensions. Such geometries admit an "evanescent ergosurface": a timelike hypersurface of infinite redshift. On such a surface, there are null geodesics with zero energy relative to infinity. These geodesics are stably trapped in the potential well near the ergosurface. We present a heuristic argument indicating that this feature is likely to lead to a nonlinear instability of these solutions. We argue that the precursor of such an instability can be seen in the behaviour of linear perturbations: nonlinear stability would require that all linear perturbations decay sufficiently rapidly but the stable trapping implies that some linear perturbation decay very slowly. We study this in detail for the most symmetric microstate geometries. By constructing quasinormal modes of these geometries we show that generic linear perturbations decay slower than any inverse power of time.
Inflation in supersymmetric SU(5)
Khalil, S.; Rehman, M. U.; Shafi, Q.; Zaakouk, E. A.
2011-03-15
We analyze the adjoint field inflation in supersymmetric (SUSY) SU(5) model. In minimal SUSY SU(5) hybrid inflation monopoles are produced at the end of inflation. We therefore explore the nonminimal model of inflation based on SUSY SU(5), like shifted hybrid inflation, which provides a natural solution for the monopole problem. We find that the supergravity corrections with nonminimal Kaehler potential are crucial to realize the central value of the scalar spectral index n{sub s{approx_equal}}0.96 consistent with the 7 yr WMAP data. The tensor to scalar ratio r is quite small, taking on values r < or approx. 10{sup -5}. Because of R symmetry massless SU(3) octet and SU(2) triplet supermultiplets are present and could spoil gauge coupling unification. To keep gauge coupling unification intact, light vectorlike particles are added which are expected to be observed at LHC.
Class of supersymmetric solitons with naked singularities
Cvetic, M.; Youm, D. )
1995-02-15
We study vacuum domain walls in a class of four-dimensional [ital N]=1 supergravity theories where along with the matter field, forming the wall, there is more than one dilaton,'' each respecting SU(1,1) symmetry in their subsector. We find [ital supersymmetric] (planar, static) walls, interpolating between a Minkowski vacuum and a new class of supersymmetric vacua which have a naked (planar) singularity. Although such walls correspond to idealized configurations, i.e., they correspond to planar configurations of infinite extent, they provide the first example of supersymmetric classical solitons with naked singularities.
Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons in Weak Boson Fusion
Hollik, Wolfgang; Plehn, Tilman; Rauch, Michael; Rzehak, Heidi
2009-03-06
We compute the complete supersymmetric next-to-leading-order corrections to the production of a light Higgs boson in weak-boson fusion. The size of the electroweak corrections is of similar order as the next-to-leading-order corrections in the standard model. The supersymmetric QCD corrections turn out to be significantly smaller than expected and than their electroweak counterparts. These corrections are an important ingredient to a precision analysis of the (supersymmetric) Higgs sector at the LHC, either as a known correction factor or as a contribution to the theory error.
Supercharges in the hyper-Kaehler with torsion supersymmetric sigma models
Smilga, A. V.
2012-12-15
We construct explicitly classical and quantum supercharges satisfying the standard N=4 supersymmetry algebra in the supersymmetric sigma models describing the motion over hyper-Kaehler with torsion manifolds. One member of the family of superalgebras thus obtained is equivalent to the superalgebra derived and formulated earlier in purely mathematical framework.
The Minimal Supersymmetric Fat Higgs Model
Harnik, Roni; Kribs, Graham D.; Larson, Daniel T.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2003-11-26
We present a calculable supersymmetric theory of a composite"fat'" Higgs boson. Electroweak symmetry is broken dynamically through a new gauge interaction that becomes strong at an intermediate scale. The Higgs mass can easily be 200-450 GeV along with the superpartner masses, solving the supersymmetric little hierarchy problem. We explicitly verify that the model is consistent with precision electroweak data without fine-tuning. Gauge coupling unification can be maintained despite the inherently strong dynamics involved in electroweak symmetry breaking. Supersymmetrizing the Standard Model therefore does not imply a light Higgs mass, contrary to the lore in the literature. The Higgs sector of the minimal Fat Higgs model has a mass spectrum that is distinctly different from the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model.
Patterns of flavor signals in supersymmetric models
Goto, Toru; Okada, Yasuhiro; Shindou, Tetsuo
2008-05-01
Quark and lepton flavor signals are studied in four supersymmetric models, namely, the minimal supergravity model, the minimal supersymmetric standard model with right-handed neutrinos, SU(5) supersymmetric grand unified theory with right-handed neutrinos, and the minimal supersymmetric standard model with U(2) flavor symmetry. We calculate b{yields}s(d) transition observables in B{sub d} and B{sub s} decays, taking the constraint from the B{sub s}-B{sub s} mixing recently observed at the Tevatron into account. We also calculate lepton flavor violating processes {mu}{yields}e{gamma}, {tau}{yields}{mu}{gamma}, and {tau}{yields}e{gamma} for the models with right-handed neutrinos. We investigate possibilities to distinguish the flavor structure of the supersymmetry breaking sector with use of patterns of various flavor signals which are expected to be measured in experiments such as MEG, LHCb, and a future Super B factory.
The character of the supersymmetric Casimir energy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Martelli, Dario; Sparks, James
2016-08-01
We study the supersymmetric Casimir energy E susy of {N}=1 field theories with an R-symmetry, defined on rigid supersymmetric backgrounds S 1 ×M 3, using a Hamiltonian formalism. These backgrounds admit an ambi-Hermitian geometry, and we show that the net contributions to E susy arise from certain twisted holomorphic modes on ℝ × M 3, with respect to both complex structures. The supersymmetric Casimir energy may then be identified as a limit of an index-character that counts these modes. In particular this explains a recent observation relating E susy on S 1 × S 3 to the anomaly polynomial. As further applications we compute E susy for certain secondary Hopf surfaces, and discuss how the index-character may also be used to compute generalized supersymmetric indices.
Supersymmetric cosmological FRW model and dark energy
Rosales, J. J.; Tkach, V. I.
2010-11-15
In this work we consider a flat cosmological model with a set of fluids in the framework of supersymmetric cosmology. The obtained supersymmetric algebra allowed us to take quantum solutions. It is shown that only in the case of a cosmological constant do we have a condition between the density of dark energy {rho}{sub {Lambda}} and density energy of matter {rho}{sub M}, {rho}{sub {Lambda}>}2{rho}{sub M}.
Supersymmetric extensions of the standard model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zwirner, Fabio
These four lectures are meant as an elementary introduction to the physics of realistic supersymmetric models. In the first lecture, after reviewing the motivations for low-energy supersymmetry and the recipe for the construction of supersymmetric lagrangians, we introduce the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, and comment on possible alternatives. In the second lecture, we discuss what can be learnt by looking at such model as the low-energy limit of some unified theory, with emphasis at the implications of its renormalization group equations and at the possibility of a supersymmetric Grand Unification. The third lecture is devoted to the problem of supersymmetry breaking: we review some general features of the spontaneous breaking of global and local supersymmetry, and we compare the supergravity models with heavy and light gravitino. In the fourth lecture, we conclude with an overview of supersymmetric phenomenology: indirect effects of supersymmetric particles in electroweak precision tests and in flavour physics, as well as direct searches for the superpartners of ordinary particles.
Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Boson Searches
Robinson, Stephen Luke
2008-07-01
In some Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model, including the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the coupling of Higgs bosons to b-quarks is enhanced. This enhancement makes the associated production of the Higgs with b-quarks an interesting search channel for the Higgs and Supersymmetry at D0. The identification of b-quarks, both online and offline, is essential to this search effort. This thesis describes the author's involvement in the development of both types of b-tagging and in the application of these techniques to the MSSM Higgs search. Work was carried out on the Level-3 trigger b-tagging algorithms. The impact parameter (IP) b-tagger was retuned and the effects of increased instantaneous luminosity on the tagger were studied. An extension of the IP-tagger to use the z-tracking information was developed. A new b-tagger using secondary vertices was developed and commissioned. A tool was developed to allow the use of large multi-run samples for trigger studies involving b-quarks. Offline, a neural network (NN) b-tagger was trained combining the existing offline lifetime based b-tagging tools. The efficiency and fake rate of the NN b-tagger were measured in data and MC. This b-tagger was internally reviewed and certified by the Collaboration and now provides the official b-tagging for all analyses using the Run IIa dataset at D0. A search was performed for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a b{bar b} pair and produced in association with one or more b-quarks. Limits are set on the cross-section times the branching ratio for such a process. The limits were interpreted in various MSSM scenarios. This analysis uses the NN b-tagger and was the first to use this tool. The analysis also relies on triggers using the Level-3 IP b-tagging tool described previously. A likelihood discriminant was used to improve the analysis and a neural network was developed to cross-check this technique. The result of the analysis has been submitted to PRL and
The Supersymmetric origin of matter
Balazs, C.; Carena, M.; Menon, A.; Morrissey, D.E.; Wagner, C.E.M.; /Argonne /Chicago U., EFI
2004-12-01
The Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) can provide the correct neutralino relic abundance and baryon number asymmetry of the universe. Both may be efficiently generated in the presence of CP violating phases, light charginos and neutralinos, and a light top squark. Due to the coannihilation of the neutralino with the light stop, we find a large region of parameter space in which the neutralino relic density is consistent with WMAP and SDSS data. We perform a detailed study of the additional constraints induced when CP violating phases, consistent with the ones required for baryogenesis, are included. We explore the possible tests of this scenario from present and future electron Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) measurements, direct neutralino detection experiments, collider searches and the b {yields} s{gamma} decay rate. We find that the EDM constraints are quite severe and that electron EDM experiments, together with stop searches at the Tevatron and Higgs searches at the LHC, will provide a definite test of our scenario of electroweak baryogenesis in the next few years.
Less minimal supersymmetric standard model
de Gouvea, Andre; Friedland, Alexander; Murayama, Hitoshi
1998-03-28
Most of the phenomenological studies of supersymmetry have been carried out using the so-called minimal supergravity scenario, where one assumes a universal scalar mass, gaugino mass, and trilinear coupling at M{sub GUT}. Even though this is a useful simplifying assumption for phenomenological analyses, it is rather too restrictive to accommodate a large variety of phenomenological possibilities. It predicts, among other things, that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) is an almost pure B-ino, and that the {mu}-parameter is larger than the masses of the SU(2){sub L} and U(1){sub Y} gauginos. We extend the minimal supergravity framework by introducing one extra parameter: the Fayet'Iliopoulos D-term for the hypercharge U(1), D{sub Y}. Allowing for this extra parameter, we find a much more diverse phenomenology, where the LSP is {tilde {nu}}{sub {tau}}, {tilde {tau}} or a neutralino with a large higgsino content. We discuss the relevance of the different possibilities to collider signatures. The same type of extension can be done to models with the gauge mediation of supersymmetry breaking. We argue that it is not wise to impose cosmological constraints on the parameter space.
Supersymmetric jets from toponium decay
Haim, D.
1988-10-01
A Monte Carlo simulation for the supersymmetric (SUSY) processes e/sup +/e/sup -/..-->..FTHETA..-->..gg-tildeg-tilde and gg-italic-tildegamma-tilde, where FTHETA is a tt-bar bound state, has been carried out to a fully hadronized final state. In the search for a unique signature, a detailed comparison to the non-SUSY processes e/sup +/e/sup -/..-->..FTHETA..-->..ggg and gg..gamma.. was performed, in both jet analysis and the shape of the events. We found that in the SUSY modes the missing energy is very large compared to the non-SUSY ones. The jet spectrum of the two modes is quite different and is related to the jet's origin. The SUSY modes have many more four- and five-jet events. The number of B mesons and neutrinos is also enhanced in the SUSY mode. The study included dependence on the masses of the top quark and the g-italic-tilde. A method to determine the g-italic-tilde 's mass, using the missing-energy distribution, has been developed.
Bethe Ansatz and supersymmetric vacua
Nekrasov, Nikita; Shatashvili, Samson
2009-05-14
Supersymmetric vacua of two dimensional N = 4 gauge theories with matter, softly broken by the twisted masses down to N = 2, are shown to be in one-to-one correspondence with the eigenstates of integrable spin chain Hamiltonians. Examples include: the Heisenberg SU(2)XXX spin chain which is mapped to the two dimensional U(N) theory with fundamental hypermultiplets, the XXZ spin chain which is mapped to the analogous three dimensional super-Yang-Mills theory compactified on a circle, the XYZ spin chain and eight-vertex model which are related to the four dimensional theory compactified on T{sup 2}. A consequence of our correspondence is the isomorphism of the quantum cohomology ring of various quiver varieties, such as cotangent bundles to (partial) flag varieties and the ring of quantum integrals of motion of various spin chains. The correspondence extends to any spin group, representations, boundary conditions, and inhomogeneity, it includes Sinh-Gordon and non-linear Schroedinger models as well as the dynamical spin chains like Hubbard model. Compactifications of four dimensional N = 2 theories on a two-sphere lead to the instanton-corrected Bethe equations.
Holographic, Script N = 1 supersymmetric RG flows on M2 branes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bobev, Nikolay; Halmagyi, Nick; Pilch, Krzysztof; Warner, Nicholas P.
2009-09-01
We find a family of holographic Script N = 1 supersymmetric RG flows on M2 branes. These flows are driven by two mass parameters from the maximally (Script N = 8) supersymmetric theory and the infra-red theory is controlled by two fixed points, one with G2 symmetry and the other with SU(3) × U(1) symmetry and Script N = 2 supersymmetry. The generic flow, with unequal mass parameters, is Script N = 1 supersymmetric but goes to the SU(3) × U(1) symmetric, Script N = 2 supersymmetric fixed point, where the masses are equal. The only flow that goes to the G2 symmetric point occurs when one of the mass parameters is set to zero. There is an Script N = 1 supersymmetric flow from the G2 symmetric point to the SU(3) × U(1) symmetric point and supergravity gives a prediction of ±1/61/2 for the anomalous dimensions of the operators that drive this flow. We examine these flows from the field theory perspective but find that one is limited to qualitative results since Script N = 1 supersymmetry in three dimensions is insufficient to protect the form and dimensions of the operators involved in the flow.
Non-tachyonic semi-realistic non-supersymmetric heterotic-string vacua
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ashfaque, Johar M.; Athanasopoulos, Panos; Faraggi, Alon E.; Sonmez, Hasan
2016-04-01
The heterotic-string models in the free fermionic formulation gave rise to some of the most realistic-string models to date, which possess N=1 spacetime supersymmetry. Lack of evidence for supersymmetry at the LHC instigated recent interest in non-supersymmetric heterotic-string vacua. We explore what may be learned in this context from the quasi-realistic free fermionic models. We show that constructions with a low number of families give rise to proliferation of a priori tachyon producing sectors, compared to the non-realistic examples, which typically may contain only one such sector. The reason being that in the realistic cases the internal six dimensional space is fragmented into smaller units. We present one example of a quasi-realistic, non-supersymmetric, non-tachyonic, heterotic-string vacuum and compare the structure of its massless spectrum to the corresponding supersymmetric vacuum. While in some sectors supersymmetry is broken explicitly, i.e. the bosonic and fermionic sectors produce massless and massive states, other sectors, and in particular those leading to the chiral families, continue to exhibit Fermi-Bose degeneracy. In these sectors the massless spectrum, as compared to the supersymmetric cases, will only differ in some local or global U(1) charges. We discuss the conditions for obtaining n_b=n_f at the massless level in these models. Our example model contains an anomalous U(1) symmetry, which generates a tadpole diagram at one-loop order in string perturbation theory. We speculate that this tadpole diagram may cancel the corresponding diagram generated by the one-loop non-vanishing vacuum energy and that in this respect the supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric vacua should be regarded on an equal footing. Finally we discuss vacua that contain two supersymmetry generating sectors.
Exact supersymmetric massive and massless white holes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei
1995-12-01
We study special points in the moduli space of vacua at which supersymmetric electric solutions of the heterotic string theory become massless. We concentrate on configurations for which the supersymmetric nonrenormalization theorem is valid. These are ten-dimensional supersymmetric string waves and generalized fundamental strings with SO(8) holonomy group. From these we find the four-dimensional spherically symmetric configurations which saturate the BPS bound, in particular, near the points of the vanishing ADM mass. The nontrivial massless supersymmetric states in this class exist only in the presence of non-Abelian vector fields. We also find a new class of supersymmetric massive solutions, closely related to the massless ones. A distinctive property of all these objects, either massless or massive, is the existence of gravitational repulsion. They reflect all particles with nonvanishing mass and/or angular momentum, and therefore they can be called white holes (repulsons), in contrast with black holes which tend to absorb particles of all kinds. If such objects can exist we will have the first realization of the universal gravitational force which repels all particles with the strength proportional to their mass and therefore can be associated with antigravity.
Bubbles of nothing and supersymmetric compactifications
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Blanco-Pillado, Jose J.; Shlaer, Benjamin; Sousa, Kepa; Urrestilla, Jon
2016-10-01
We investigate the non-perturbative stability of supersymmetric compactifications with respect to decay via a bubble of nothing. We show examples where this kind of instability is not prohibited by the spin structure, i.e., periodicity of fermions about the extra dimension. However, such ``topologically unobstructed'' cases do exhibit an extra-dimensional analog of the well-known Coleman-De Luccia suppression mechanism, which prohibits the decay of supersymmetric vacua. We demonstrate this explicitly in a four dimensional Abelian-Higgs toy model coupled to supergravity. The compactification of this model to M3 × S1 presents the possibility of vacua with different windings for the scalar field. Away from the supersymmetric limit, these states decay by the formation of a bubble of nothing, dressed with an Abelian-Higgs vortex. We show how, as one approaches the supersymmetric limit, the circumference of the topologically unobstructed bubble becomes infinite, thereby preventing the realization of this decay. This demonstrates the dynamical origin of the decay suppression, as opposed to the more familiar argument based on the spin structure. We conjecture that this is a generic mechanism that enforces stability of any topologically unobstructed supersymmetric compactification.
Supersymmetric Higgs singlet effects on FCNC observables
Hodgkinson, Robert N.
2008-11-23
Higgs singlet superflelds, usually present in extensions of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) which address the {mu}-problem, such as the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) and the Minimal Nonminimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (mnSSM), can have significant contributions to B-meson flavour-changing neutral current observables for large values of tan{beta} > or approx. 50. Illustrative results are presented including effects on the B{sub s} and on the rare decay B{sub s}{yields}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}. In particular, we find that in the NMSSM, the branching ratio for B{sub s}{yields}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} can be enhanced or even suppressed with respect to the Standard Model prediction by more than one order of magnitude.
Supersymmetric Janus solutions in four dimensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bobev, Nikolay; Pilch, Krzysztof; Warner, Nicholas P.
2014-06-01
We use maximal gauged supergravity in four dimensions to construct the gravity dual of a class of supersymmetric conformal interfaces in the theory on the worldvolume of multiple M2-branes. We study three classes of examples in which the (1+1)-dimensional defects preserve (4, 4), (0, 2) or (0, 1) supersymmetry. Many of the solutions have the maximally supersymmetric AdS 4 vacuum dual to the = 8 ABJM theory on both sides of the interface. We also find new special classes of solutions including one that interpolates between the maximally supersymmetric vacuum and a conformal fixed point with = 1 supersymmetry and G2 global symmetry. We find another solution that interpolates between two distinct conformal fixed points with = 1 supersymmetry and G2 global symmetry. In eleven dimensions, this G2 to G2 solution corresponds to a domain wall across which a magnetic flux reverses orientation.
Quantum supersymmetric Bianchi IX cosmology
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Damour, Thibault; Spindel, Philippe
2014-11-01
We study the quantum dynamics of a supersymmetric squashed three-sphere by dimensionally reducing (to one timelike dimension) the action of D =4 simple supergravity for a S U (2 ) -homogeneous (Bianchi IX) cosmological model. The quantization of the homogeneous gravitino field leads to a 64-dimensional fermionic Hilbert space. After imposition of the diffeomorphism constraints, the wave function of the Universe becomes a 64-component spinor of spin(8,4) depending on the three squashing parameters, which satisfies Dirac-like, and Klein-Gordon-like, wave equations describing the propagation of a "quantum spinning particle" reflecting off spin-dependent potential walls. The algebra of the supersymmetry constraints and of the Hamiltonian one is found to close. One finds that the quantum Hamiltonian is built from operators that generate a 64-dimensional representation of the (infinite-dimensional) maximally compact subalgebra of the rank-3 hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebra A E3 . The (quartic-in-fermions) squared-mass term μ^ 2 entering the Klein-Gordon-like equation has several remarkable properties: (i) it commutes with all the other (Kac-Moody-related) building blocks of the Hamiltonian; (ii) it is a quadratic function of the fermion number NF; and (iii) it is negative in most of the Hilbert space. The latter property leads to a possible quantum avoidance of the singularity ("cosmological bounce"), and suggests imposing the boundary condition that the wave function of the Universe vanish when the volume of space tends to zero (a type of boundary condition which looks like a final-state condition when considering the big crunch inside a black hole). The space of solutions is a mixture of "discrete-spectrum states" (parametrized by a few constant parameters, and known in explicit form) and of continuous-spectrum states (parametrized by arbitrary functions entering some initial-value problem). The predominantly negative values of the squared-mass term lead to a "bottle
Natural supersymmetric spectrum in mirage mediation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Asano, Masaki; Higaki, Tetsutaro
2012-08-01
The current results of LHC experiments exclude a large area of the light new particle region, namely, natural parameter space, in supersymmetric extension models. One of the possibilities for achieving the correct electroweak symmetry breaking naturally is the low-scale messenger scenario. Actually, the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model with TeV scale mirage mediation realizes the natural electroweak symmetry breaking with various mass spectra. In this paper, we show the possible mass spectrum in the scenario, e.g., the degenerate and/or hierarchical mass spectrum, and discuss these features.
Supersymmetric Liouville theory: A statistical mechanical approach
Barrozo, M.C.; Belvedere, L.V.
1996-02-01
The statistical mechanical system associated with the two-dimensional supersymmetric Liouville theory is obtained through an infrared-finite perturbation expansion. Considering the system confined in a finite volume and in the presence of a uniform neutralizing background, we show that the grand-partition function of this system describes a one-component gas, in which the Boltzmann factor is weighted by an integration over the Grassmann variables. This weight function introduces the dimensional reduction phenomenon. After performing the thermodynamic limit, the resulting supersymmetric quantum theory is translationally invariant. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}
Supersymmetric Kerr-anti-de Sitter solutions
Cvetic, Mirjam; Gao Peng; Simon, Joan
2005-07-15
We prove the existence of one quarter supersymmetric type IIB configurations that arise as nontrivial scaling solutions of the standard five-dimensional Kerr-anti-de Sitter black holes by the explicit construction of its Killing spinors. This neutral, spinning solution is asymptotic to the static anti-de Sitter space-time with cosmological constant -(1/l{sup 2}), it has two finite equal angular momenta J{sub 1}={+-}J{sub 2}, mass M=(1/l)(|J{sub 1}|+|J{sub 2}|) and a naked singularity. We also address the scaling limit associated with one-half supersymmetric solution with only one angular momentum.
Supersymmetric Ito equation: Bosonization and exact solutions
Ren Bo; Yu Jun; Lin Ji
2013-04-15
Based on the bosonization approach, the N=1 supersymmetric Ito (sIto) system is changed to a system of coupled bosonic equations. The approach can effectively avoid difficulties caused by intractable fermionic fields which are anticommuting. By solving the coupled bosonic equations, the traveling wave solutions of the sIto system are obtained with the mapping and deformation method. Some novel types of exact solutions for the supersymmetric system are constructed with the solutions and symmetries of the usual Ito equation. In the meanwhile, the similarity reduction solutions of the model are also studied with the Lie point symmetry theory.
Supersymmetric Ito equation: Bosonization and exact solutions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ren, Bo; Lin, Ji; Yu, Jun
2013-04-01
Based on the bosonization approach, the N =1 N = 1 supersymmetric Ito (sIto) system is changed to a system of coupled bosonic equations. The approach can effectively avoid difficulties caused by intractable fermionic fields which are anticommuting. By solving the coupled bosonic equations, the traveling wave solutions of the sIto system are obtained with the mapping and deformation method. Some novel types of exact solutions for the supersymmetric system are constructed with the solutions and symmetries of the usual Ito equation. In the meanwhile, the similarity reduction solutions of the model are also studied with the Lie point symmetry theory.
Renormalizability of supersymmetric group field cosmology
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Upadhyay, Sudhaker
2014-03-01
In this paper we consider the gauge invariant third quantized model of supersymmetric group field cosmology. The supersymmetric BRST invariance for such theory in non-linear gauge is also analysed. The path integral formulation to the case of a multiverse made up of homogeneous and isotropic spacetimes filled with a perfect fluid is presented. The renormalizability for the scattering of universes in multiverse are established with suitably constructed master equations for connected diagrams and proper vertices. The Slavnov-Taylor identities for this theory hold to all orders of radiative corrections.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and its applications
Sukumar, C.V.
2004-12-23
The Hamiltonian in Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics is defined in terms of charges that obey the same algebra as that of the generators of supersymmetry in field theory. The consequences of this symmetry for the spectra of the component parts that constitute the supersymmetric system are explored. The implications of supersymmetry for the solutions of the Schroedinger equation, the Dirac equation, the inverse scattering theory and the multi-soliton solutions of the KdV equation are examined. Applications to scattering problems in Nuclear Physics with specific reference to singular potentials which arise from considerations of supersymmetry will be discussed.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hurst, Hunter, Ed.; And Others
1985-01-01
This document contains the fourth volume of "Today's Delinquent," an annual publication of the National Center for Juvenile Justice. This volume deals with the issue of the family and delinquency. "The Family and Delinquency" (LaMar T. Empey) systematically reviews and weighs the evidence to support prominent theories on the origins of…
Challenging the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) model
Bajc, Borut; Lavignac, Stéphane; Mede, Timon
2014-06-24
We review the main constraints on the parameter space of the minimal renormalizable supersymmetric SU(5) grand unified theory. They consist of the Higgs mass, proton decay, electroweak symmetry breaking and fermion masses. Superpartner masses are constrained both from below and from above, giving hope for confirming or definitely ruling out the theory in the future. This contribution is based on Ref. [1].
Asymptotic iteration approach to supersymmetric bistable potentials
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ciftci, H.; Özer, O.; P., Roy
2012-01-01
We examine quasi exactly solvable bistable potentials and their supersymmetric partners within the framework of the asymptotic iteration method (AIM). It is shown that the AIM produces excellent approximate spectra and that sometimes it is found to be more useful to use the partner potential for computation. We also discuss the direct application of the AIM to the Fokker—Planck equation.
Supersymmetric extension of the quantum spherical model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gomes, Pedro R. S.; Bienzobaz, P. F.; Gomes, M.
2012-06-01
In this work, we present a supersymmetric extension of the quantum spherical model, both in components and also in the superspace formalisms. We find the solution for short- and long-range interactions through the imaginary time formalism path integral approach. The existence of critical points (classical and quantum) is analyzed and the corresponding critical dimensions are determined.
Quantum Supersymmetric Models in the Causal Approach
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Grigore, Dan-Radu
2007-04-01
We consider the massless supersymmetric vector multiplet in a purely quantum framework. First order gauge invariance determines uniquely the interaction Lagrangian as in the case of Yang-Mills models. Going to the second order of perturbation theory produces an anomaly which cannot be eliminated. We make the analysis of the model working only with the component fields.
Conditions for nondegeneracy in supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Imbo, T.D.; Sukhatme, U.P.
1986-05-15
It is shown that the positive ''bosonic'' and ''fermionic'' bound-state spectra in spherically symmetric supersymmetric (SUSY) quantum mechanics are degenerate if and only if the superpotential W(r) satisfies deltaequivalentlim/sub r/..-->..0rVertical BarW(r)Vertical Bar> or =0.5. Also, if delta<0.5, then SUSY is broken.
Phases of N=1 Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theories
Craig, Nathaniel; Essig, Rouven; Hook, Anson; Torroba, Gonzalo; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.
2012-02-17
We analyze the phases of supersymmetric chiral gauge theories with an antisymmetric tensor and (anti)fundamental flavors, in the presence of a classically marginal superpotential deformation. Varying the number of flavors that appear in the superpotential reveals rich infrared chiral dynamics and novel dualities. The dualities are characterized by an infinite family of magnetic duals with arbitrarily large gauge groups describing the same fixed point, correlated with arbitrarily large classical global symmetries that are truncated nonperturbatively. At the origin of moduli space, these theories exhibit a phase with confinement and chiral symmetry breaking, an interacting nonabelian Coulomb phase, and phases where an interacting sector coexists with a sector that either s-confines or is in a free magnetic phase. Properties of these intriguing 'mixed phases' are studied in detail using duality and a-maximization, and the presence of superpotential interactions provides further insights into their formation.
Academic Drift in Dutch Non-University Higher Education Evaluated: A Staff Perspective
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Griffioen, Didi M. E.; de Jong, Uulkje
2013-01-01
In the context of a European knowledge economy, the Dutch non-university institutions systematically develop research activities at a higher frequency than before. With this development, they have been accused of academic drift, of striving to receive a status comparable to traditional universities. This study considers the perceptions of both…
Mechanisms of Service-Delivery Systems of Adult Education in Non-University Institutions in Canada.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Weva, Kabule W.
A study was conducted to identify and describe the different mechanisms of adult education services provided by non-university institutions in Canada. Specifically, the study sought to determine which institutions were involved in adult education, which service-delivery modes were most widely used, current trends, and which institutions and…
New =1 supersymmetric AdS 5 backgrounds in type IIA supergravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sfetsos, Konstadinos; Thompson, Daniel C.
2014-11-01
We present a family of =1 supersymmetric backgrounds in type-IIA super-gravity and their lifts to eleven-dimensional supergravity. These are of the form AdS 5 × X 5 and are characterised by an SU(2) structure. The internal space, X 5, is obtained from the known Sasaki-Einstein manifolds, Y p,q , via an application of non-Abelian T-duality.
Small numbers in supersymmetric theories of nature
Graesser, Michael L.
1999-05-01
The Standard Model of particle interactions is a successful theory for describing the interactions of quarks, leptons and gauge bosons at microscopic distance scales. Despite these successes, the theory contains many unsatisfactory features. The origin of particle masses is a central mystery that has eluded experimental elucidation. In the Standard Model the known particles obtain their mass from the condensate of the so-called Higgs particle. Quantum corrections to the Higgs mass require an unnatural fine tuning in the Higgs mass of one part in 10{sup {minus}32} to obtain the correct mass scale of electroweak physics. In addition, the origin of the vast hierarchy between the mass scales of the electroweak and quantum gravity physics is not explained in the current theory. Supersymmetric extensions to the Standard Model are not plagued by this fine tuning issue and may therefore be relevant in Nature. In the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model there is also a natural explanation for electroweak symmetry breaking. Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories also correctly predict a parameter of the Standard Model. This provides non-trivial indirect evidence for these theories. The most general supersymmetric extension to the Standard Model however, is excluded by many physical processes, such as rare flavor changing processes, and the non-observation of the instability of the proton. These processes provide important information about the possible structure such a theory. In particular, certain parameters in this theory must be rather small. A physics explanation for why this is the case would be desirable. It is striking that the gauge couplings of the Standard Model unify if there is supersymmetry close to the weak scale. This suggests that at high energies Nature is described by a supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory. But the mass scale of unification must be introduced into the theory since it does not coincide with the probable mass scale of strong quantum gravity
Phenomenology of the utilitarian supersymmetric standard model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fraser, Sean; Kownacki, Corey; Ma, Ernest; Pollard, Nicholas; Popov, Oleg; Zakeri, Mohammadreza
2016-08-01
We study the 2010 specific version of the 2002 proposed U(1)X extension of the supersymmetric standard model, which has no μ term and conserves baryon number and lepton number separately and automatically. We consider in detail the scalar sector as well as the extra ZX gauge boson, and their interactions with the necessary extra color-triplet particles of this model, which behave as leptoquarks. We show how the diphoton excess at 750 GeV, recently observed at the LHC, may be explained within this context. We identify a new fermion dark-matter candidate and discuss its properties. An important byproduct of this study is the discovery of relaxed supersymmetric constraints on the Higgs boson's mass of 125 GeV.
Supersymmetric composite gauge fields with compensators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nishino, Hitoshi; Rajpoot, Subhash
2016-06-01
We study supersymmetric composite gauge theory, supplemented with compensator mechanism. As our first example, we give the formulation of N = 1 supersymmetric non-Abelian composite gauge theory without the kinetic term of a non-Abelian gauge field. The important ingredient is the Proca-Stueckelberg-type compensator scalar field that makes the gauge-boson field equation non-singular, i.e., the field equation can be solved for the gauge field algebraically as a perturbative expansion. As our second example, we perform the gauging of chiral-symmetry for N = 1 supersymmetry in four dimensions by a composite gauge field. These results provide supporting evidence for the consistency of the mechanism that combines the composite gauge field formulations and compensator formulations, all unified under supersymmetry.
The gravitino problem in supersymmetric warm inflation
Sánchez, Juan C. Bueno; Bastero-Gil, Mar; Berera, Arjun; Dimopoulos, Konstantinos; Kohri, Kazunori E-mail: mbg@ugr.es E-mail: konst.dimopoulos@lancaster.ac.uk
2011-03-01
The warm inflation paradigm considers the continuous production of radiation during inflation due to dissipative effects. In its strong dissipation limit, warm inflation gives way to a radiation dominated Universe. High scale inflation then yields a high reheating temperature, which then poses a severe gravitino overproduction problem for the supersymmetric realisations of warm inflation. In this paper we show that, in a certain class of supersymmetric models, the dissipative dynamics of the inflaton is such that the field can avoid its complete decay after inflation. In some cases, the residual energy density stored in the inflaton field oscillations may come to dominate over the radiation bath at a later epoch. If the inflaton field finally decays much later than the onset of this matter dominated phase, the entropy produced from its decay may be sufficient to counteract the excess of gravitinos produced during the last stages of warm inflation.
Supersymmetric solutions to Euclidean Romans supergravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Alday, Luis F.; Fluder, Martin; Gregory, Carolina Matte; Richmond, Paul; Sparks, James
2016-02-01
We study Euclidean Romans supergravity in six dimensions with a non-trivial Abelian R-symmetry gauge field. We show that supersymmetric solutions are in one-to-one correspondence with solutions to a set of differential constraints on an SU(2) structure. As an application of our results we (i) show that this structure reduces at a conformal boundary to the five-dimensional rigid supersymmetric geometry previously studied by the authors, (ii) find a general expression for the holographic dual of the VEV of a BPS Wilson loop, matching an exact field theory computation, (iii) construct holographic duals to squashed Sasaki-Einstein backgrounds, again matching to a field theory computation, and (iv) find new analytic solutions.
Utilitarian supersymmetric gauge model of particle interactions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ma, Ernest
2010-05-01
A remarkabale U(1) gauge extension of the supersymmetric standard model was proposed 8 years ago. It is anomaly free, has no μ term, and conserves baryon and lepton numbers automatically. The phenomenology of a specific version of this model is discussed. In particular, leptoquarks are predicted, with couplings to the heavy singlet neutrinos, the scalar partners of which may be components of dark matter. The Majorana neutrino mass matrix itself may have two zero subdeterminants.
N=1 supersymmetric {beta}-functions
Jones, D. R. T.
1997-06-15
Recent results on three-loop, four-loop and large-N{sub f}{beta}-functions in supersymmetric gauge theories are summarised. It is argued that the O(1/N{sub f})-corrected form of {beta}{sub g} in SQCD is consistent with the existence of the conformal window 3N{sub c}/2
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fuentes-Martín, J.
2016-01-01
It is well known that non-abelian Yang-Mills theories present non-trivial minima of the action, the so-called instantons. In the context of electroweak theories these instanton solutions may induce violations of baryon and lepton number of the form ΔB = ΔL = nf, with nf being the number of families coupled to the gauge group. An interesting feature of these violations is that the flavor structure of the gauge couplings is inherited by the instanton transitions. This effect is generally neglected in the literature. We will show that the inclusion of flavor interactions in the instanton solutions may be interesting in certain theoretical frameworks and will provide an approach to include these effects. In particular we will perform this implementation in the non-universal SU (2)l ⊗SU (2)h ⊗U (1)Y model that singularizes the third family. Within this framework, we will use the instanton transitions to set a bound on the SU (2)h gauge coupling.
Low-dimensional supersymmetric lattice models
Bergner, G. Kaestner, T. Uhlmann, S. Wipf, A.
2008-04-15
We study and simulate N=2 supersymmetric Wess-Zumino models in one and two dimensions. For any choice of the lattice derivative, the theories can be made manifestly supersymmetric by adding appropriate improvement terms corresponding to discretizations of surface integrals. In one dimension, our simulations show that a model with the Wilson derivative and the Stratonovich prescription for this discretization leads to far better results at finite lattice spacing than other models with Wilson fermions considered in the literature. In particular, we check that fermionic and bosonic masses coincide and the unbroken Ward identities are fulfilled to high accuracy. Equally good results for the effective masses can be obtained in a model with the SLAC derivative (even without improvement terms). In two dimensions we introduce a non-standard Wilson term in such a way that the discretization errors of the kinetic terms are only of order O(a{sup 2}). Masses extracted from the corresponding manifestly supersymmetric model prove to approach their continuum values much quicker than those from a model containing the standard Wilson term. Again, a comparable enhancement can be achieved in a theory using the SLAC derivative.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and the Korteweg--de Vries hierarchy
Grant, A.K.; Rosner, J.L. )
1994-05-01
The connection between supersymmetric quantum mechanics and the Korteweg--de Vries (KdV) equation is discussed, with particular emphasis on the KdV conservation laws. It is shown that supersymmetric quantum mechanics aids in the derivation of the conservation laws, and gives some insight into the Miura transformation that converts the KdV equation into the modified KdV equation. The construction of the [tau] function by means of supersymmetric quantum mechanics is discussed.
Supersymmetric Quantum-Hall Effect on a Fuzzy Supersphere
Hasebe, Kazuki
2005-05-27
Supersymmetric quantum-Hall liquids are constructed on a supersphere in a supermonopole background. We derive a supersymmetric generalization of the Laughlin wave function, which is a ground state of a hard-core OSp(1 vertical bar 2) invariant Hamiltonian. We also present excited topological objects, which are fractionally charged deficits made by super Hall currents. Several relations between quantum-Hall systems and their supersymmetric extensions are discussed.
Non-universal parameters, corrections and universality in Kardar-Parisi-Zhang growth
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Alves, Sidiney G.; Oliveira, Tiago J.; Ferreira, Silvio C.
2013-05-01
We present a comprehensive numerical investigation of non-universal parameters and corrections related to interface fluctuations of models belonging to the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) universality class, in d = 1 + 1, for both flat and curved geometries. We analyzed two classes of models. In the isotropic models the non-universal parameters are uniform along the surface, whereas in anisotropic growth they vary. In the latter case, which produces curved surfaces, the statistics must be computed independently along fixed directions. The ansatz h = v∞t + (Γt)1/3χ + η, where χ is a Tracy-Widom (geometry-dependent) distribution and η is a time-independent correction, is probed. Our numerical analysis shows that the non-universal parameter Γ determined through the first cumulant leads to a very good accordance with the extended KPZ ansatz for all investigated models in contrast with the estimates of Γ obtained from higher order cumulants that indicate a violation of the generalized ansatz for some of the studied models. We associate the discrepancies to corrections of an unknown nature, which hampers an accurate estimation of Γ at finite times. The discrepancies in Γ via different approaches are relatively small but sufficient to modify the scaling law t-1/3 that characterizes the finite-time corrections due to η. Among the investigated models, we have revisited an off-lattice Eden model that supposedly disobeyed the shift in the mean scaling as t-1/3 and showed that there is a crossover to the expected regime. We have found model-dependent (non-universal) corrections for cumulants of order n ≥ 2. All investigated models are consistent with a further term of order t-1/3 in the KPZ ansatz.
The gravity dual of supersymmetric gauge theories on a squashed S 1 × S 3
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cassani, Davide; Martelli, Dario
2014-08-01
We present a new one-parameter family of supersymmetric solutions deforming AdS5. This is constructed as an asymptotically locally anti de Sitter (AlAdS) solution of five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity, with topology ℝ × ℝ4 and a non-trivial graviphoton field, and can be uplifted to ten or eleven dimensional supergravities. An analytic continuation of this solution yields the gravity dual to a class of four-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories on a curved manifold with topology S 1 × S 3, comprising an SU(2) × U(1)-symmetric squashed three-sphere, with a non-trivial background gauge field coupling to the R-symmetry current. We compute the holographically renormalised on-shell action and interpret it in terms of the Casimir energy of the dual field theory. We also determine the holographic conserved charges of the solution and discuss relations between them.
A realistic renormalizable supersymmetric E₆ model
Bajc, Borut; Susič, Vasja
2014-01-01
A complete realistic model based on the supersymmetric version of E₆ is presented. It consists of three copies of matter 27, and a Higgs sector made of 2×(27+27⁻)+351´+351´⁻ representations. An analytic solution to the equations of motion is found which spontaneously breaks the gauge group into the Standard Model. The light fermion mass matrices are written down explicitly as non-linear functions of three Yukawa matrices. This contribution is based on Ref. [1].
Supersymmetric dark matter and lepton flavor violation
Barger, Vernon; Marfatia, Danny; Mustafayev, Azar; Soleimani, Ali
2009-10-01
We study lepton flavor-violating (LFV) processes within a supersymmetric type-I seesaw framework with flavor-blind universal boundary conditions, properly accounting for the effect of the neutrino sector on the dark matter relic abundance. We consider several possibilities for the neutrino Yukawa coupling matrix and show that in regions of SUSY parameter space that yield the correct neutralino relic density, LFV rates can differ from naive estimates by up to 2 orders of magnitude. Contrary to common belief, we find that current LFV limits do not exclude neutrino Yukawa couplings larger than top Yukawa couplings. We introduce the ISAJET-M program that was used for the computations.
The collider phenomenology of supersymmetric models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Muller, David J.
Scope and method of study. The purpose of this study is to investigate the phenomenology of various supersymmetric models. First, the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is investigated. This model contains an extended Higgs sector that includes a charged boson. The effect that this charged Higgs boson has on the signatures for top quark pair production at the Tevatron is investigated. The rest of the work is devoted to the phenomenology of models with gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking (GMSB). In GMSB models, the lighter stau can be the next to lightest supersymmetric particle. The signals at hadronic colliders for GMSB models with minimal visible sector content are explored for this case. A GMSB model with non-minimal visible sector content is also explored. This is the left-right symmetric GMSB model which contains doubly charged bosons and fermions that could be light enough in mass to be produced at Run II of the Tevatron. Findings and conclusions. The presence of a charged Higgs boson that is lighter than the top quark is found to have a significant impact on the expected signatures for top quark pair production at the Tevatron. This is marked by an overall decrease in high pT electrons and muons in the final states. In addition, for tan beta less than about one, the three-body decay H+→bbW leads to final states that are not present in the Standard Model. For GMSB models with the lighter stau as the next to lightest supersymmetric particle, the signature at the Tevatron typically involves two or three tau-jets plus large missing transverse energy. This tau-jet signature can be even more pronounced in left-right symmetric GMSB models due to the production of light doubly charged fermions that may couple preferentially to the third generation of leptons. The left-right models can be distinguished from GMSB models with minimal visible sector content by the distribution in angle between the highest ET tau-jets when they come from same sign tau
Status of the minimal supersymmetric SO(10)
Dorsner, Ilja
2010-02-10
We discuss status of the minimal supersymmetric SO(10) in both low and split supersymmetry regime. To demonstrate viability of the model we present a good fit of the fermion masses and their mixings. The solution needs a strongly split supersymmetry with gauginos and higgsinos around 10{sup 2} TeV, sfermions close to 10{sup 14} GeV and a GUT scale of around 6x10{sup 15} GeV. It predicts fast proton decay rates, hierarchical neutrino masses and large leptonic mixing angle sin{theta}{sub 13}{approx_equal}0.1.
Supersymmetric structure of the induced W gravities
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ader, Jean-Pierre; Biet, Franck; Noirot, Yves
1999-03-01
We derive the supersymmetric structure present in W-gravities which has been already observed in various contexts as Yang-Mills theory, topological field theories, bosonic string and chiral 0264-9381/16/3/029/img2-gravity. This derivation which is made in the geometrical framework of Zucchini, necessitates the introduction of an appropriate new basis of variables which replace the canonical fields and their derivatives. This construction is used, in the 0264-9381/16/3/029/img3-case, to deduce from the Chern-Simons action the Wess-Zumino-Polyakov action.
A Supersymmetric Ito’s Equation and its Soliton Solutions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lü, Shu‑Qiang; Hu, Xing‑Biao; Liu, Q. P.
2006-06-01
In this paper, we propose a supersymmetric Ito equation (sIto) and calculate its one-, two-, and three-soliton solutions within the framework of Hirota’s bilinear method. We also construct the Lax representation, Bäcklund transformation and nonlinear superposition formula for this supersymmetric equation.
On supermatrix models, Poisson geometry, and noncommutative supersymmetric gauge theories
Klimčík, Ctirad
2015-12-15
We construct a new supermatrix model which represents a manifestly supersymmetric noncommutative regularisation of the UOSp(2|1) supersymmetric Schwinger model on the supersphere. Our construction is much simpler than those already existing in the literature and it was found by using Poisson geometry in a substantial way.
High-temperature asymptotics of supersymmetric partition functions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ardehali, Arash Arabi
2016-07-01
We study the supersymmetric partition function of 4d supersymmetric gauge theories with a U(1) R-symmetry on Euclidean S 3 × S β 1 , with S 3 the unit-radius squashed three-sphere, and β the circumference of the circle. For superconformal theories, this partition function coincides (up to a Casimir energy factor) with the 4d superconformal index.
Toward precision holography with supersymmetric Wilson loops
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Faraggi, Alberto; Pando Zayas, Leopoldo A.; Silva, Guillermo A.; Trancanelli, Diego
2016-04-01
We consider certain 1/4 BPS Wilson loop operators in SU( N) N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, whose expectation value can be computed exactly via supersymmetric localization. Holographically, these operators are mapped to fundamental strings in AdS 5 × S 5. The string on-shell action reproduces the large N and large coupling limit of the gauge theory expectation value and, according to the AdS/CFT correspondence, there should also be a precise match between subleading corrections to these limits. We perform a test of such match at next-to-leading order in string theory, by deriving the spectrum of quantum fluctuations around the classical string solution and by computing the corresponding 1-loop effective action. We discuss in detail the supermultiplet structure of the fluctuations. To remove a possible source of ambiguity in the ghost zero mode measure, we compare the 1/4 BPS configuration with the 1/2 BPS one, dual to a circular Wilson loop. We find a discrepancy between the string theory result and the gauge theory prediction, confirming a previous result in the literature. We are able to track the modes from which this discrepancy originates, as well as the modes that by themselves would give the expected result.
Determining Supersymmetric Parameters With Dark Matter Experiments
Hooper, Dan; Taylor, Andrew M.; /Oxford U.
2006-07-01
In this article, we explore the ability of direct and indirect dark matter experiments to not only detect neutralino dark matter, but to constrain and measure the parameters of supersymmetry. In particular, we explore the relationship between the phenomenological quantities relevant to dark matter experiments, such as the neutralino annihilation and elastic scattering cross sections, and the underlying characteristics of the supersymmetric model, such as the values of {mu} (and the composition of the lightest neutralino), m{sub A} and tan {beta}. We explore a broad range of supersymmetric models and then focus on a smaller set of benchmark models. We find that by combining astrophysical observations with collider measurements, {mu} can often be constrained far more tightly than it can be from LHC data alone. In models in the A-funnel region of parameter space, we find that dark matter experiments can potentially determine m{sub A} to roughly {+-}100 GeV, even when heavy neutral MSSM Higgs bosons (A, H{sub 1}) cannot be observed at the LHC. The information provided by astrophysical experiments is often highly complementary to the information most easily ascertained at colliders.
Invisible Decays of Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons
Aparicio Mendez, M. del R; Guevara, J. E. Barradas; Beltran, O. Felix
2009-04-20
We study the detection of the complete spectrum of Higgs bosons of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, through their decays into chargino ({chi}-tilde{sub i}{sup {+-}}) and neutralinos ({chi}-tilde{sub i}{sup o}), for several parametric scenarios. In the minimal supersymmetric model there are two charginos and four neutralinos, and the Higgs boson spectrum contains three neutral scalars, two CP-even (h{sup 0} and H{sup 0} with m{sub H{sup 0}}>m{sub h{sup 0}}) and one CP-odd (A{sup 0}, with m{sub A{sup 0}} as a free parameter); as well as a charged pair (H{sup {+-}}). An interesting signal comes from the decays of the Higgs bosons into invisible SUSY modes (h{sup 0}, H{sup 0},A{sup 0}{yields}{chi}-tilde{sub 1}{sup o}{chi}-tilde{sub 1}{sup o}), which could be detected at present and future high energy machines.
Higgs boson masses in supersymmetric models
Berger, M.S.
1991-04-01
Imposing supersymmetry on a Higgs potential constrains the parameters that define the potential. In supersymmetric extensions to the stranded model containing only Higgs SU(2){sub L} doublets there exist Higgs boson mass sum rules and bounds on the Higgs masses at tree level. The prescription for renormalizing these sum rules is derived. An explicit calculation is performed in the minimal supersymmetric extension to the standard model (MSSM). In this model at tree level the mass sum rule is M{sub H}{sup 2} + M{sub h}{sup 2} = M{sub A}{sup 2} + M{sub Z}{sup 2}. The results indicate that large corrections to the sum rules may arise from heavy matter fields, e.g. a heavy top quark. Squarks significantly heavier than their fermionic partners contribute large contributions when mixing occurs in the squark sector. These large corrections result from squark-Higgs couplings that become large in this limit. Contributions to individual Higgs boson masses that are quadratic in the squark masses cancel in the sum rule. Thus the naturalness constraint on Higgs boson masses is hidden in the combination of Higgs boson masses that comprise the sum rule. 39 refs., 13 figs.
Semiclassical approximation to supersymmetric quantum gravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kiefer, Claus; Lück, Tobias; Moniz, Paulo
2005-08-01
We develop a semiclassical approximation scheme for the constraint equations of supersymmetric canonical quantum gravity. This is achieved by a Born-Oppenheimer type of expansion, in analogy to the case of the usual Wheeler-DeWitt equation. The formalism is only consistent if the states at each order depend on the gravitino field. We recover at consecutive orders the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, the functional Schrödinger equation, and quantum gravitational correction terms to this Schrödinger equation. In particular, the following consequences are found: (i) the Hamilton-Jacobi equation and therefore the background spacetime must involve the gravitino, (ii) a (many-fingered) local time parameter has to be present on super Riem Σ (the space of all possible tetrad and gravitino fields), (iii) quantum supersymmetric gravitational corrections affect the evolution of the very early Universe. The physical meaning of these equations and results, in particular, the similarities to and differences from the pure bosonic case, are discussed.
Non-supersymmetric membrane flows from fake supergravity and multi-trace deformations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Papadimitriou, Ioannis
2007-02-01
We use fake supergravity as a solution generating technique to obtain a continuum of non-supersymmetric asymptotically AdS4 × S7 domain wall solutions of eleven-dimensional supergravity with non-trivial scalars in the SL(8,Bbb R)/SO(8) coset. These solutions are continuously connected to the supersymmetric domain walls describing a uniform sector of the Coulomb branch of the M2-brane theory. We also provide a general argument that under certain conditions identifies the fake superpotential with the exact large-N quantum effective potential of the dual theory, describing a marginal multi-trace deformation. This identification strongly motivates further study of fake supergravity as a solution generating method and it allows us to interpret our non-supersymmetric solutions as a family of marginal triple-trace deformations of the Coulomb branch that completely break supersymmetry and to calculate the exact large-N anomalous dimensions of the operators involved. The holographic one- and two-point functions for these solutions are also computed.
Decoding mechanism of non-universal genetic codes in Loligo bleekeri mitochondria.
Ohira, Takayuki; Suzuki, Takeo; Miyauchi, Kenjyo; Suzuki, Tsutomu; Yokobori, Shin-ichi; Yamagishi, Akihiko; Watanabe, Kimitsuna
2013-03-15
Non-universal genetic codes are frequently found in animal mitochondrial decoding systems. In squid mitochondria, four codons deviate from the universal genetic code, namely AUA, UGA, and AGA/AGG (AGR) for Met, Trp, and Ser, respectively. To understand the molecular basis for establishing the non-universal genetic code, we isolated and analyzed five mitochondrial tRNAs from a squid, Loligo bleekeri. Primary structures of the isolated tRNAs, including their post-transcriptional modifications, were analyzed by mass spectrometry. tRNA(Met)(AUR) possessed an unmodified cytidine at the first position of the anticodon, suggesting that the AUA codon is deciphered by CAU anticodon via non-canonical A-C pairing. We identified 5-taurinomethyluridine (τm(5)U) at the first position of the anticodon in tRNA(Trp)(UGR). τm(5)U enables tRNA(Trp) to decipher UGR codons as Trp. In addition, 5-taurinomethyl-2-thiouridine (τm(5)s(2)U) was found in mitochondrial tRNAs for Leu(UUR) and Lys in L. bleekeri. This is the first discovery of τm(5)U and τm(5)s(2)U in molluscan mitochondrial tRNAs.
Motivation of university and non-university stakeholders to change medical education in Vietnam
Hoat, Luu Ngoc; Lan Viet, Nguyen; van der Wilt, GJ; Broerse, J; Ruitenberg, EJ; Wright, EP
2009-01-01
Background Both university and non-university stakeholders should be involved in the process of curriculum development in medical schools, because all are concerned with the competencies of the graduates. That may be difficult unless appropriate strategies are used to motivate each stakeholder. From 1999 to 2006, eight medical schools in Vietnam worked together to change the curriculum and teaching for general medical students to make it more community oriented. This paper describes the factors that motivated the different stakeholders to participate in curriculum change and teaching in Vietnamese medical schools and the activities to address those factors and have sustainable contributions from all relevant stakeholders. Methods Case study analysis of contributions to the change process, using reports, interviews, focus group discussions and surveys and based on Herzberg's Motivation Theory to analyze involvement of different stakeholders. Results Different stakeholders were motivated by selected activities, such as providing opportunities for non-university stakeholders to share their opinions, organizing interactions among university stakeholders, stimulating both bottom-up and top-down inputs, focusing on learning from each other, and emphasizing self-motivation factors. Conclusion The Herzberg Motivation theory helped to identify suitable approaches to ensure that teaching topics, materials and assessment methods more closely reflected the health care needs of the community. Other medical schools undertaking a reform process may learn from this experience. PMID:19630961
SuSpect: A Fortran code for the Supersymmetric and Higgs particle spectrum in the MSSM
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Djouadi, Abdelhak; Kneur, Jean-Loïc; Moultaka, Gilbert
2007-03-01
We present the FORTRAN code SuSpect version 2.3, which calculates the Supersymmetric and Higgs particle spectrum in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). The calculation can be performed in constrained models with universal boundary conditions at high scales such as the gravity (mSUGRA), anomaly (AMSB) or gauge (GMSB) mediated supersymmetry breaking models, but also in the non-universal MSSM case with R-parity and CP conservation. Care has been taken to treat important features such as the renormalization group evolution of parameters between low and high energy scales, the consistent implementation of radiative electroweak symmetry breaking and the calculation of the physical masses of the Higgs bosons and supersymmetric particles taking into account the dominant radiative corrections. Some checks of important theoretical and experimental features, such as the absence of non-desired minima, large fine-tuning in the electroweak symmetry breaking condition, as well as agreement with precision measurements can be performed. The program is simple to use, self-contained and can easily be linked to other codes; it is rather fast and flexible, thus allowing scans of the parameter space with several possible options and choices for model assumptions and approximations. Catalogue identifier:ADYR_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADYR_v1_0 Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions:none Programming language used:FORTRAN 77 Computer:Unix machines, PC No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.:21 821 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.:249 657 Distribution format:tar.gz Operating system:Unix (or Linux) RAM:approximately 2500 Kbytes Number of processors used:1 processor Nature of problem:SuSpect calculates the supersymmetric and Higgs particle spectrum (masses and some other relevant parameters) in the unconstrained Minimal
Tsirelson's bound and supersymmetric entangled states
Borsten, L.; Brádler, K.; Duff, M. J.
2014-01-01
A superqubit, belonging to a (2|1)-dimensional super-Hilbert space, constitutes the minimal supersymmetric extension of the conventional qubit. In order to see whether superqubits are more non-local than ordinary qubits, we construct a class of two-superqubit entangled states as a non-local resource in the CHSH game. Since super Hilbert space amplitudes are Grassmann numbers, the result depends on how we extract real probabilities and we examine three choices of map: (1) DeWitt (2) Trigonometric and (3) Modified Rogers. In cases (1) and (2), the winning probability reaches the Tsirelson bound pwin=cos2π/8≃0.8536 of standard quantum mechanics. Case (3) crosses Tsirelson's bound with pwin≃0.9265. Although all states used in the game involve probabilities lying between 0 and 1, case (3) permits other changes of basis inducing negative transition probabilities. PMID:25294964
Fluctuations along supersymmetric flat directions during inflation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Enqvist, Kari; Figueroa, Daniel G.; Rigopoulos, Gerasimos
2012-01-01
We consider a set of scalar fields, consisting of a single flat direction and one or several non-flat directions. We take our cue from the MSSM, considering separately D-flat and F-flat directions, but our results apply to any supersymmetric scenario containing flat directions. We study the field fluctuations during pure de Sitter inflation, following the evolution of the infrared modes by numerically solving the appropriate Langevin equations. We demonstrate that for the Standard Model U(1)Y, SU(2)L or SU(3)c gauge couplings, as well as for large enough Yukawa couplings, the fluctuations along the non-flat directions effectively block the fluctuations along the flat directions. The usual expected behaviour langlephi2rangleproptoN, with N the number of e-folds, may be strongly violated, depending on the coupling strengths. As a consequence, those cosmological considerations, which are derived assuming that during inflation flat directions fluctuate freely, should be revised.
Lepton flavor violation and supersymmetric Dirac leptogenesis
Thomas, Brooks; Toharia, Manuel
2007-01-01
Dirac leptogenesis (or Dirac neutrinogenesis), in which neutrinos are purely Dirac particles, is an interesting alternative to the standard leptogenesis scenario. In its supersymmetric version, the modified form of the superpotential required for successful baryogenesis contributes new, generically nonflavor-diagonal terms to the slepton and sneutrino mass matrices. In this work, we examine how current experimental bounds on flavor-changing effects in the lepton sector (and particularly the bound on {mu}{yields}e{gamma}) constrain Dirac leptogenesis and we find that it is capable of succeeding with superpartner masses as low as {approx}100 GeV. For such light scalars and electroweakinos, upcoming experiments such as MEG are generically expected to observe signals of lepton flavor violation.
Effective action of softly broken supersymmetric theories
Nibbelink, Stefan Groot; Nyawelo, Tino S.
2007-02-15
We study the renormalization of (softly) broken supersymmetric theories at the one loop level in detail. We perform this analysis in a superspace approach in which the supersymmetry breaking interactions are parametrized using spurion insertions. We comment on the uniqueness of this parametrization. We compute the one loop renormalization of such theories by calculating superspace vacuum graphs with multiple spurion insertions. To perform this computation efficiently we develop algebraic properties of spurion operators, that naturally arise because the spurions are often surrounded by superspace projection operators. Our results are general apart from the restrictions that higher super covariant derivative terms and some finite effects due to noncommutativity of superfield dependent mass matrices are ignored. One of the soft potentials induces renormalization of the Kaehler potential.
Simple supersymmetric strongly coupled preon model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fajfer, S.; Tadić, D.
1988-08-01
This supersymmetric-SU(5) composite model is a natural generalization of the usual strong-coupling models. Preon superfields are in representations 5* and 10. The product representations 5*×10, 5×10, 5×5, and 5*×5 contain only those strongly hypercolor bound states which are needed in the standard electroweak theory. There are no superfluous quarklike states. The neutrino is massless. Only one strongly hypercolor bound singlet (10×10*) can exist as a free particle. At higher energies one should expect to see a plethora of new particles. Grand unification happens at the scale M~1014 GeV. Cabibbo mixing can be incorporated by using a transposed Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix.
Nonperturbative decay of supersymmetric flat directions
Guemruekcueoglu, A. Emir; Peloso, Marco; Sexton, Matthew; Olive, Keith A.
2008-09-15
We compute the nonperturbative decay of supersymmetric flat directions due to their D-term potential. Flat directions can develop large vacuum expectation values during inflation, and, if they are long-lived, this can strongly affect the reheating and thermalization stages after the inflation. We study a generic system of two U(1) or SU(2) flat directions which are cosmologically evolving after inflation. After proper gauge fixing, we show that the excitations of the fields around this background can undergo exponential amplification, at the expense of the energy density of the flat directions. We compute this effect for several values of the masses and the initial vacuum expectation values of the two flat directions, through a combination of analytical methods and extensive numerical simulations.
Area law violations in a supersymmetric model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huijse, Liza; Swingle, Brian
2013-01-01
We study the structure of entanglement in a supersymmetric lattice model of fermions on certain types of decorated graphs with quenched disorder. In particular, we construct models with controllable ground-state degeneracy protected by supersymmetry and the choice of Hilbert space. We show that in certain special limits, these degenerate ground states are associated with local impurities and that there exists a basis of the ground-state manifold in which every basis element satisfies a boundary law for entanglement entropy. On the other hand, by considering incoherent mixtures or coherent superpositions of these localized ground states, we can find regions that violate the boundary law for entanglement entropy over a wide range of length scales. More generally, we discuss various criteria for constructing violations of the boundary law for entanglement entropy and discuss possible relations of our work to recent holographic studies.
The transformations between N = 2 supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries and Harry Dym equations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tian, Kai; Liu, Q. P.
2012-05-01
The N = 2 supercomformal transformations are employed to study supersymmetric integrable systems. It is proved that two known N = 2 supersymmetric Harry Dym equations are transformed into two N = 2 supersymmetric modified Korteweg-de Vries equations, thus are connected with two N = 2 supersymmetric Korteweg-de Vries equations.
Supersymmetric dark matter above the W mass
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Griest, Kim; Kamionkowski, Marc; Turner, Michael S.
1989-01-01
The cosmological consequences are studied for the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model in the case that the neutralino is heavier than W. The cross section was calculated for annihilation of heavy neutralinos into final states containing gauge and Higgs bosons (XX yields WW, ZZ, HH, HW, HZ), where X is the lightest, nth neutralino and the results are compared with the results with those previously obtained for annihilation into fermions to find the relic cosmological abundance for the most general neutralino. The new channels are particularly important for the Higgsino-like and mixed-state neutralinos, but are sub-dominant (to the fermion-antifermion annihilation channels) in the case that the neutralino is mostly a gaugino. The effect of the top quark mass is also considered. Using these cross sections and the cosmological constraint omega(sub X)h squared is less than or approximately 1, the entire range of cosmologically acceptable supersymmetric parameter space is mapped and a very general bound on the neutralino mass is discovered. For a top quark mass of less than 180 GeV, neutralinos heavier than 3200 GeV are cosmologically inconsistent, and if the top quark mass is less than 120 GeV, the bound is lowered to 2600 GeV. Neutralino states that are mostly gaugino are constrained to be lighter than 550 GeV. It is found that a heavy neutralino that contributes omega(sub X) is approximately 1 arises for a very wide range of model parameters and makes, therefore, a very natural and attractive dark matter candidate.
Supersymmetric dark matter above the W mass
Griest, K.; Kamionkowski, M.; Turner, M.S.
1989-11-01
The cosmological consequences are studied for the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model in the case that the neutralino is heavier than W. The cross section was calculated for annihilation of heavy neutralinos into final states containing gauge and Higgs bosons (XX yields WW, ZZ, HH, HW, HZ), where X is the lightest, nth neutralino and the results are compared with the results with those previously obtained for annihilation into fermions to find the relic cosmological abundance for the most general neutralino. The new channels are particularly important for the Higgsino-like and mixed-state neutralinos, but are sub-dominant (to the fermion-antifermion annihilation channels) in the case that the neutralino is mostly a gaugino. The effect of the top quark mass is also considered. Using these cross sections and the cosmological constraint omega(sub X)h squared is less than or approximately 1, the entire range of cosmologically acceptable supersymmetric parameter space is mapped and a very general bound on the neutralino mass is discovered. For a top quark mass of less than 180 GeV, neutralinos heavier than 3200 GeV are cosmologically inconsistent, and if the top quark mass is less than 120 GeV, the bound is lowered to 2600 GeV. Neutralino states that are mostly gaugino are constrained to be lighter than 550 GeV. It is found that a heavy neutralino that contributes omega(sub X) is approximately 1 arises for a very wide range of model parameters and makes, therefore, a very natural and attractive dark matter candidate.
Supersymmetric configurations in the rotating D1-D5 system andpp-waves
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Maoz, Liat
Two families of supersymmetric configurations are considered. One is the 1/4 supersymmetric D1--D5 system with angular momentum, and the other is a family of pp-waves of type IIB string theory with some supersymmetry. In the first part of the thesis some configurations of the D1--D5 system are examined which give conical singularities in AdS 3 as their near horizon limit. It is shown that they can be made non-singular by adding angular momentum to the brane system. The smooth asymptotically flat solutions constructed this way are used to obtain global AdS 3 as the near horizon geometry. Using the relation of the D1--D5 system to the oscillating string, a large family of supergravity solutions is constructed which describe BPS excitations on AdS3 x S 3 with angular momentum on S3. These solutions take into account the full back reaction on the metric, and can be viewed as Kaluza-Klein monopole "supertubes", which are completely non-singular geometries. The different chiral primaries of the dual CFT are identified with these different supergravity solutions. This part is adapted from the papers [1], [2]. In its second part, a general class of supersymmetric pp-wave solutions of type IIB string theory is constructed, such that the superstring worldsheet action in light cone gauge is that of an interacting massive field theory. It is shown that when the light cone Lagrangian has (2.2) supersymmetry, one can find backgrounds that lead to arbitrary superpotentials on the worldsheet. Both flat and curved transverse spaces are considered. In particular, the background giving rise to the N = 2 sine Gordon theory on the worldsheet is analyzed. Massive mirror symmetry relates it to the deformed CP1 model (or sausage model) which seems to elude a purely supergravity target space interpretation. These are results which appeared in the paper [3].
Gauge extensions of supersymmetric models and hidden valleys
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Luo, Mingxing; Zheng, Sibo
2009-04-01
Supersymmetric models with extended group structure beyond the standard model are revisited in the framework of general gauge mediation. Sum rules for sfermion masses are shown to depend genuinely on the group structure, which can serve as important probes for specific models. The left-right model and models with extra U(1) are worked out for illustrations. If the couplings of extra gauge groups are small, supersymmetric hidden valleys of the scale 10-100 GeV can be naturally constructed in companion of a TeV-scale supersymmetric visible sector.
Particle spectroscopy of supersymmetric SO(10) with nonuniversal gaugino masses
Okada, Nobuchika; Raza, Shabbar; Shafi, Qaisar
2011-11-01
We examine the low scale particle spectroscopy of an SO(10) [or equivalently SU(5)] inspired supersymmetric model with nonuniversal gaugino masses. The model assumes minimal supergravity and contains the same number of fundamental parameters as the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model. Realistic solutions compatible with dark matter and other applicable experimental constraints are shown to exist for both positive and negative signs of the minimal supersymmetric standard model parameter {mu}. We present several benchmark points which will be tested at the LHC and by the ongoing direct and indirect dark matter detection experiments.
Sneutrino Higgs models explain lepton non-universality in eejj, eνjj excesses
Berger, Joshua; Dror, Jeff Asaf; Ng, Wee Hao
2015-09-23
Recent searches for first-generation leptoquarks and heavy right-handed WR bosons have seen excesses in final states with electrons and jets. A bizarre property of these excesses is that they appear to violate lepton universality. With these results in mind, we study the phenomenology of supersymmetric models in which the Higgs arises as the sneutrino in an electron supermultiplet. Since the electron is singled out in this approach, one can naturally account for the lepton flavor structure of the excesses. In this work, we show that in such a framework, one can significantly alleviate the tension between the Standard Model andmore » the data and yet evade current constraints from other searches. Finally we point out that correlated excesses are expected to be seen in future multilepton searches.« less
Sneutrino Higgs models explain lepton non-universality in eejj, eνjj excesses
Berger, Joshua; Dror, Jeff Asaf; Ng, Wee Hao
2015-09-23
Recent searches for first-generation leptoquarks and heavy right-handed W_{R} bosons have seen excesses in final states with electrons and jets. A bizarre property of these excesses is that they appear to violate lepton universality. With these results in mind, we study the phenomenology of supersymmetric models in which the Higgs arises as the sneutrino in an electron supermultiplet. Since the electron is singled out in this approach, one can naturally account for the lepton flavor structure of the excesses. In this work, we show that in such a framework, one can significantly alleviate the tension between the Standard Model and the data and yet evade current constraints from other searches. Finally we point out that correlated excesses are expected to be seen in future multilepton searches.
Non-universal weak antilocalization effect in cubic topological Kondo insulators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dzero, Maxim; Vavilov, Maxim; Kechedzhi, Kostyantin; Galitski, Victor
In this talk we present the results of our study of the quantum correction to conductivity on the surface of cubic topological Kondo insulators with multiple Dirac bands. We considered the model of time-reversal invariant disorder which induces the scattering of the electrons within the Dirac bands as well as between the bands. When only intraband scattering is present we found three long-range diffusion modes leading to weak antilocalization correction to conductivity which remains independent of the microscopic details such as Fermi velocities and relaxation times. Interband scattering gaps out two diffusion modes leaving only one long-range mode. Depending on the value of the phase coherence time, either three or only one long-range diffusion modes contribute to weak localization correction rendering the quantum correction to conductivity non-universal.
Search for single photons from supersymmetric particle production
Fernandez, E.; Ford, W.T.; Qi, N.; Read A.L. Jr.; Smith, J.G.; Camporesi, T.; De Sangro, R.; Marini, A.; Peruzzi, I.; Piccolo, M.; Ronga, F.; Blume, H.T.; Hurst, R.B.; Venuti, J.P.; Wald, H.B.; Weinstein, R.; Band, H.R.; Gettner, M.W.; Goderre, G.P.; Meyer, O.A.; Moromisato, J.H.; Polvado, R.O.; Shambroom, W.D.; Sleeman, J.C.; von Goeler, E.; Ash, W.W.; Chadwick, G.B.; Clearwater, S.H.; Coombes, R.W.; Kaye, H.S.; Lau, K.H.; Leedy, R.E.; Lynch, H.L.; Messner, R.L.; Moss, L.J.; Muller, F.; Nelson, H.N.; Ritson, D.M.; Rosenberg, L.J.; Wiser, D.E.; Zdarko, R.W.; Groom, D.E.; Lee, H.Y.; Delfino, M.C.; Heltsley, B.K.; Johnson, J.R.; Lavine, T.L.; Maruyama, T.; Prepost, R.
1985-03-18
A search in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation for final states which contain only a single energetic photon has been performed at ..sqrt..s = 29 GeV with the MAC detector at PEP. The upper limit on an anomalous signal has been interpreted in terms of mass limits for supersymmetric particles under the assumption of radiative pair paroduction of either supersymmetric photons or neutrinos. For the supersymmetric electron (e) this limit is m/sub e/>37 GeV/c/sup 2/ at the 90% confidence level if M/sub e//sub L/ = m/sub e//sub R/ and the supersymmetric photo (gamma-tilde) has m/sub gamma-tilde/ = 0.
N=2 supersymmetric extension of l-conformal Galilei algebra
Masterov, Ivan
2012-07-15
N=2 supersymmetric extension of the l-conformal Galilei algebra is constructed. A relation between its representations in flat spacetime and in Newton-Hooke spacetime is discussed. An infinite-dimensional generalization of the superalgebra is given.
A supersymmetric composite model of quarks and leptons
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Luty, Markus A.; Mohapatra, Rabindra N.
1997-02-01
We present a class of supersymmetric models with complete generations of composite quarks and leptons using recent non-perturbative results for the low energy dynamics of supersymmetric QCD. In these models, the quarks arise as composite ``mesons'' and the leptons emerge as composite ``baryons''. The quark and lepton flavor symmetries are linked at the preon level. Baryon number violation is automatically suppressed by accidental symmetries. We give some speculations on how this model might be made realistic.
Neutralino dark matter in the left-right supersymmetric model
Demir, Durmus A.; Frank, Mariana; Turan, Ismail
2006-06-01
We study the neutralino sector of the left-right supersymmetric model. In addition to the possibilities available in the minimal supersymmetric model, the neutralino states can be superpartners of the U(1){sub B-L} gauge boson, the neutral SU(2){sub R} gauge boson, or of the Higgs triplets. We analyze neutralino masses and determine the parameter regions for which the lightest neutralino can be one of the new pure states. We then calculate the relic density of the dark matter for each of these states and impose the constraints coming from the {rho} parameter, the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, b{yields}s{gamma}, as well as general supersymmetric mass bounds. The lightest neutralino can be the bino, or the right-wino, or the neutral triplet Higgsino, all of which have different couplings to the standard model particles from the usual neutralinos. A light bino satisfies all the experimental constraints and would be the preferred dark matter candidate for light supersymmetric scalar masses, while the right-wino would be favored by intermediate supersymmetric mass scales. The neutral triplet Higgs fermion satisfies the experimental bounds only in a small region of the parameter space, for intermediate to heavy supersymmetric scalar masses.
Radiative neutralino production in low energy supersymmetric models
Basu, Rahul; Sharma, Chandradew; Pandita, P. N.
2008-06-01
We study the production of the lightest neutralinos in the radiative process e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}{chi}-tilde{sub 1}{sup 0}{chi}-tilde{sub 1}{sup 0}{gamma} in low energy supersymmetric models for the International Linear Collider energies. This includes the minimal supersymmetric standard model as well as its extension with an additional chiral Higgs singlet superfield, the nonminimal supersymmetric standard model. We compare and contrast the dependence of the signal cross section on the parameters of the neutralino sector of the minimal and nonminimal supersymmetric standard model. We also consider the background to this process coming from the standard model process e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}{nu}{nu}{gamma}, as well as from the radiative production of the scalar partners of the neutrinos (sneutrinos) e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}{nu}-tilde{nu}-tilde*{gamma}, which can be a background to the radiative neutralino production when the sneutrinos decay invisibly. In low energy supersymmetric models radiative production of the lightest neutralinos may be the only channel to study supersymmetric partners of the standard model particles at the first stage of a linear collider, since heavier neutralinos, charginos, and sleptons may be too heavy to be pair produced at a e{sup +}e{sup -} machine with {radical}(s)=500 GeV.
A tool box for implementing supersymmetric models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Staub, Florian; Ohl, Thorsten; Porod, Werner; Speckner, Christian
2012-10-01
We present a framework for performing a comprehensive analysis of a large class of supersymmetric models, including spectrum calculation, dark matter studies and collider phenomenology. To this end, the respective model is defined in an easy and straightforward way using the Mathematica package SARAH. SARAH then generates model files for CalcHep which can be used with micrOMEGAs as well as model files for WHIZARD and O'Mega. In addition, Fortran source code for SPheno is created which facilitates the determination of the particle spectrum using two-loop renormalization group equations and one-loop corrections to the masses. As an additional feature, the generated SPheno code can write out input files suitable for use with HiggsBounds to apply bounds coming from the Higgs searches to the model. Combining all programs provides a closed chain from model building to phenomenology. Program summary Program title: SUSY Phenomenology toolbox. Catalog identifier: AEMN_v1_0. Program summary URL: http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEMN_v1_0.html. Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland. Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html. No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 140206. No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1319681. Distribution format: tar.gz. Programming language: Autoconf, Mathematica. Computer: PC running Linux, Mac. Operating system: Linux, Mac OS. Classification: 11.6. Nature of problem: Comprehensive studies of supersymmetric models beyond the MSSM is considerably complicated by the number of different tasks that have to be accomplished, including the calculation of the mass spectrum and the implementation of the model into tools for performing collider studies, calculating the dark matter density and checking the compatibility with existing collider bounds (in particular, from the Higgs searches). Solution method: The
Ellis, John; Olive, Keith A.; Savage, Christopher; Spanos, Vassilis C.
2010-04-15
We evaluate the neutrino fluxes to be expected from neutralino lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) annihilations inside the Sun, within the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model with supersymmetry-breaking scalar and gaugino masses constrained to be universal at the grand unified theory scale [the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model (CMSSM)]. We find that there are large regions of typical CMSSM (m{sub 1/2},m{sub 0}) planes where the LSP density inside the Sun is not in equilibrium, so that the annihilation rate may be far below the capture rate. We show that neutrino fluxes are dependent on the solar model at the 20% level, and adopt the AGSS09 model of Serenelli et al. for our detailed studies. We find that there are large regions of the CMSSM (m{sub 1/2},m{sub 0}) planes where the capture rate is not dominated by spin-dependent LSP-proton scattering, e.g., at large m{sub 1/2} along the CMSSM coannihilation strip. We calculate neutrino fluxes above various threshold energies for points along the coannihilation/rapid-annihilation and focus-point strips where the CMSSM yields the correct cosmological relic density for tan{beta}=10 and 55 for {mu}>0, exploring their sensitivities to uncertainties in the spin-dependent and -independent scattering matrix elements. We also present detailed neutrino spectra for four benchmark models that illustrate generic possibilities within the CMSSM. Scanning the cosmologically favored parts of the parameter space of the CMSSM, we find that the IceCube/DeepCore detector can probe at best only parts of this parameter space, notably the focus-point region and possibly also at the low-mass tip of the coannihilation strip.
The goldstone and goldstino of supersymmetric inflation
Kahn, Yonatan; Roberts, Daniel A.; Thaler, Jesse
2015-10-01
Here, we construct the minimal effective field theory (EFT) of supersymmetric inflation, whose field content is a real scalar, the goldstone for time-translation breaking, and a Weyl fermion, the goldstino for supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking. The inflating background can be viewed as a single SUSY-breaking sector, and the degrees of freedom can be efficiently parameterized using constrained superfields. Our EFT is comprised of a chiral superfield XNL containing the goldstino and satisfying X2NL = 0, and a real superfield BNL containing both the goldstino and the goldstone, satisfying XNL BNL = B3NL = 0. We match results from our EFT formalismmore » to existing results for SUSY broken by a fluid background, showing that the goldstino propagates with subluminal velocities. The same effect can also be derived from the unitary gauge gravitino action after embedding our EFT in supergravity. If the gravitino mass is comparable to the Hubble scale during inflation, we identify a new parameter in the EFT related to a time-dependent phase of the gravitino mass parameter. We briefly comment on the leading contributions of goldstino loops to inflationary observables.« less
On Newton's law in supersymmetric braneworld models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Palma, Gonzalo A.
2007-09-01
We study the propagation of gravitons within 5-D supersymmetric braneworld models with a bulk scalar field. The setup considered here consists of a 5-D bulk spacetime bounded by two 4-D branes localized at the fixed points of an S1/Bbb Z2 orbifold. There is a scalar field phi in the bulk which, given a superpotential W(phi), determines the warped geometry of the 5-D spacetime. This type of scenario is common in string theory, where the bulk scalar field phi is related to the volume of small compact extra dimensions. We show that, after the moduli are stabilized by supersymmetry breaking terms localized on the branes, the only relevant degrees of freedom in the bulk consist of a 5-D massive spectrum of gravitons. Then we analyze the gravitational interaction between massive bodies localized at the positive tension brane mediated by these bulk gravitons. It is shown that the Newtonian potential describing this interaction picks up a non-trivial contribution at short distances that depends on the shape of the superpotential W(phi). We compute this contribution for dilatonic braneworld scenarios W(phi) propto eαphi (where α is a constant) and discuss the particular case of 5-D Heterotic M-theory: It is argued that a specific footprint at micron scales could be observable in the near future.
Fluctuations along supersymmetric flat directions during inflation
Enqvist, Kari; Figueroa, Daniel G.; Rigopoulos, Gerasimos E-mail: daniel.figueroa@helsinki.fi
2012-01-01
We consider a set of scalar fields, consisting of a single flat direction and one or several non-flat directions. We take our cue from the MSSM, considering separately D-flat and F-flat directions, but our results apply to any supersymmetric scenario containing flat directions. We study the field fluctuations during pure de Sitter inflation, following the evolution of the infrared modes by numerically solving the appropriate Langevin equations. We demonstrate that for the Standard Model U(1){sub Y}, SU(2){sub L} or SU(3){sub c} gauge couplings, as well as for large enough Yukawa couplings, the fluctuations along the non-flat directions effectively block the fluctuations along the flat directions. The usual expected behaviour (φ{sup 2})∝N, with N the number of e-folds, may be strongly violated, depending on the coupling strengths. As a consequence, those cosmological considerations, which are derived assuming that during inflation flat directions fluctuate freely, should be revised.
Zeroing in on Supersymmetric Radiation Amplitude Zeros
Hewett, JoAnne L.; Ismail, Ahmed; Rizzo, Thomas G.; /SLAC
2012-02-15
Radiation amplitude zeros have long been used to test the Standard Model. Here, we consider the supersymmetric radiation amplitude zero in chargino-neutralino associated production, which can be observed at the luminosity upgraded LHC. Such an amplitude zero only occurs if the neutralino has a large wino fraction and hence this observable can be used to determine the neutralino eigenstate content. We find that this observable can be measured by comparing the p{sub T} spectrum of the softest lepton in the trilepton {tilde {chi}}{sub 1}{sup {+-}} {tilde {chi}}{sub 2}{sup 0} decay channel to that of a control process such as {tilde {chi}}{sub 1}{sup +} {tilde {chi}}{sub 1}{sup -} or {tilde {chi}}{sub 2}{sup 0} {tilde {chi}}{sub 2}{sup 0}. We test this technique on a previously generated model sample of the 19 dimensional parameter space of the phenomenological MSSM, and find that it is effective in determining the wino content of the neutralino.
The supersymmetric NUTs and bolts of holography
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Martelli, Dario; Passias, Achilleas; Sparks, James
2013-11-01
We show that a given conformal boundary can have a rich and intricate space of supersymmetric supergravity solutions filling it, focusing on the case where this conformal boundary is a biaxially squashed Lens space. Generically we find that the biaxially squashed Lens space S3/Zp admits Taub-NUT-AdS fillings, with topology R4/Zp, as well as smooth Taub-Bolt-AdS fillings with non-trivial topology. We show that the Taub-NUT-AdS solutions always lift to solutions of M-theory, and correspondingly that the gravitational free energy then agrees with the large N limit of the dual field theory free energy, obtained from the localized partition function of a class of N=2 Chern-Simons-matter theories. However, the solutions of Taub-Bolt-AdS type only lift to M-theory for appropriate classes of internal manifold, meaning that these solutions exist only for corresponding classes of three-dimensional N=2 field theories. This result should be contrasted with the corresponding situation for asymptotically locally Euclidean metrics, where Killing vector fields on the boundary do not necessarily extend inside. The canonical examples are the Gibbons-Hawking multi-centre solutions [29].
The goldstone and goldstino of supersymmetric inflation
Kahn, Yonatan; Roberts, Daniel A.; Thaler, Jesse
2015-10-01
Here, we construct the minimal effective field theory (EFT) of supersymmetric inflation, whose field content is a real scalar, the goldstone for time-translation breaking, and a Weyl fermion, the goldstino for supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking. The inflating background can be viewed as a single SUSY-breaking sector, and the degrees of freedom can be efficiently parameterized using constrained superfields. Our EFT is comprised of a chiral superfield X_{NL} containing the goldstino and satisfying X^{2}_{NL} = 0, and a real superfield B_{NL} containing both the goldstino and the goldstone, satisfying X_{NL} B_{NL} = B^{3}_{NL} = 0. We match results from our EFT formalism to existing results for SUSY broken by a fluid background, showing that the goldstino propagates with subluminal velocities. The same effect can also be derived from the unitary gauge gravitino action after embedding our EFT in supergravity. If the gravitino mass is comparable to the Hubble scale during inflation, we identify a new parameter in the EFT related to a time-dependent phase of the gravitino mass parameter. We briefly comment on the leading contributions of goldstino loops to inflationary observables.
Supersymmetric perturbations of the M5 brane
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Niarchos, Vasilis
2014-05-01
We study long-wavelength supersymmetric deformations of brane solutions in supergravity using an extension of previous ideas within the general scheme of the blackfold approach. As a concrete example, we consider long-wavelength perturbations of the planar M2-M5 bound state solution in eleven-dimensional supergravity. We propose a specific ansatz for the first order deformation of the supergravity fields and explore how this deformation perturbs the Killing spinor equations. We find that a special part of these equations gives a projection equation on the Killing spinors that has the same structure as the κ-symmetry condition of the abelian M5 brane theory. Requiring a match between supergravity and gauge theory implies a specific non-linear gauge-gravity map between the bosonic fields of the abelian M5 brane theory and the gravity-induced fluid-like degrees of freedom of the blackfold equations that control the perturbative gravity solution. This observation sheds new light on the SUGRA/DBI correspondence.
Cosmic strings from supersymmetric flat directions
Cui Yanou; Morrissey, David E.; Martin, Stephen P.; Wells, James D.
2008-02-15
Flat directions are a generic feature of the scalar potential in supersymmetric gauge field theories. They can arise, for example, from D-terms associated with an extra Abelian gauge symmetry. Even when supersymmetry is broken softly, there often remain directions in the scalar field space along which the potential is almost flat. Upon breaking a gauge symmetry along one of these almost-flat directions, cosmic strings may form. Relative to the standard cosmic string picture based on the Abelian Higgs model, these flat-direction cosmic strings have the extreme type-I properties of a thin gauge core surrounded by a much wider scalar field profile. We perform a comprehensive study of the microscopic, macroscopic, and observational characteristics of this class of strings. We find many differences from the standard string scenario, including stable higher winding-mode strings, the dynamical formation of higher mode strings from lower ones, and a resultant multitension scaling string network in the early universe. These strings are only moderately constrained by current observations, and their gravitational wave signatures may be detectable at future gravity wave detectors. Furthermore, there is the interesting but speculative prospect that the decays of cosmic string loops in the early universe could be a source of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays or nonthermal dark matter. We also compare the observational signatures of flat-direction cosmic strings with those of ordinary cosmic strings as well as (p,q) cosmic strings motivated by superstring theory.
Supersymmetry searches in GUT models with non-universal scalar masses
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cannoni, M.; Ellis, J.; Gómez, M. E.; Lola, S.; Ruiz de Austri, R.
2016-03-01
We study SO(10), SU(5) and flipped SU(5) GUT models with non-universal soft supersymmetry-breaking scalar masses, exploring how they are constrained by LHC supersymmetry searches and cold dark matter experiments, and how they can be probed and distinguished in future experiments. We find characteristic differences between the various GUT scenarios, particularly in the coannihilation region, which is very sensitive to changes of parameters. For example, the flipped SU(5) GUT predicts the possibility of ~t1-χ coannihilation, which is absent in the regions of the SO(10) and SU(5) GUT parameter spaces that we study. We use the relic density predictions in different models to determine upper bounds for the neutralino masses, and we find large differences between different GUT models in the sparticle spectra for the same LSP mass, leading to direct connections of distinctive possible experimental measurements with the structure of the GUT group. We find that future LHC searches for generic missing ET, charginos and stops will be able to constrain the different GUT models in complementary ways, as will the Xenon 1 ton and Darwin dark matter scattering experiments and future FERMI or CTA γ-ray searches.
Atomic model of supersymmetric Hubbard operators
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hopkinson, J.; Coleman, P.
2003-02-01
We apply the recently proposed supersymmetric Hubbard operators [P. Coleman, C. Pépin, and J. Hopkinson, Phys. Rev. B 63, 140411(R) (2001)] to an atomic model. In the limiting case of free spins, we derive exact results for the entropy which are compared with a mean-field + Gaussian corrections description. We show how these results can be extended to the case of charge fluctuations and calculate exact results for the partition function, free energy, and heat capacity of an atomic model for some simple examples. Wave-functions of possible states are listed. We compare the accuracy of large N expansions of the susy spin operators [P. Coleman, C. Pépin, and A. M. Tsvelik, Phys. Rev. B 62, 3852 (2000); Nucl. Phys. B 586, 641 (2000)] with those obtained using “Schwinger bosons” and “Abrikosov pseudofermions.” For the atomic model, we compare results of slave boson, slave fermion, and susy Hubbard operator approximations in the physically interesting but uncontrolled limiting case of N→2. For a mixed representation of spins, we estimate the accuracy of large N expansions of the atomic model. In the single box limit, we find that the lowest-energy susy saddle point reduces to simply either slave bosons or slave fermions, while for higher boxes this is not the case. The highest energy saddle point solution has the interesting feature that it admits a small region of a mixed representation, which bears a superficial resemblance to that observed experimentally close to an antiferromagnetic quantum critical point.
Supersymmetric dark matter after LHC run 1
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bagnaschi, E. A.; Buchmueller, O.; Cavanaugh, R.; Citron, M.; De Roeck, A.; Dolan, M. J.; Ellis, J. R.; Flächer, H.; Heinemeyer, S.; Isidori, G.; Malik, S.; Martínez Santos, D.; Olive, K. A.; Sakurai, K.; de Vries, K. J.; Weiglein, G.
2015-10-01
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, tilde{χ }^01, assumed here to be the lightest SUSY particle (LSP) and thus the dark matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle such as the lighter stau tilde{τ }1, stop tilde{t}1 or chargino tilde{χ }^± 1, resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H / A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2, and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the {tilde{τ }_1} coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be explored at the LHC via searches for / E_T events and long-lived charged particles, whereas their H / A funnel, focus-point and tilde{χ }^± 1 coannihilation regions can largely be explored by the LZ and Darwin DM direct detection experiments. We find that the dominant DM mechanism in our pMSSM10 analysis is tilde{χ }^± 1 coannihilation: parts of its parameter space can be explored by the LHC, and a larger portion by future direct DM searches.
Supersymmetric Dark Matter after LHC Run 1
Bagnaschi, E. A.; Buchmueller, O.; Cavanaugh, R.; Citron, M.; De Roeck, A.; Dolan, M. J.; Ellis, J. R.; Flacher, H.; Heinemeyer, S.; Isidori, G.; et al
2015-10-23
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, χ~01, assumed here to be the lightest SUSY particle (LSP) and thus the dark matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle such as the lighter stau τ~1, stop t~1 or chargino χ~±1, resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H / A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-pointmore » region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2, and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the τ~1 coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be explored at the LHC via searches for /ET events and long-lived charged particles, whereas theirH / A funnel, focus-point and χ~±1 coannihilation regions can largely be explored by the LZ and Darwin DM direct detection experiments. Furthermore, we find that the dominant DM mechanism in our pMSSM10 analysis is χ~±1 coannihilation: parts of its parameter space can be explored by the LHC, and a larger portion by future direct DM searches.« less
Supersymmetric Dark Matter after LHC Run 1
Bagnaschi, E. A.; Buchmueller, O.; Cavanaugh, R.; Citron, M.; De Roeck, A.; Dolan, M. J.; Ellis, J. R.; Flacher, H.; Heinemeyer, S.; Isidori, G.; Malik, S.; Santos, D. Martinez; Olive, K. A.; Sakurai, K.; de Vries, K. J.; Weiglein, G.
2015-10-23
Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, χ^{~0}_{1}, assumed here to be the lightest SUSY particle (LSP) and thus the dark matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle such as the lighter stau τ^{~}_{1}, stop t^{~}_{1} or chargino χ^{~±}_{1}, resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H / A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2, and pMSSM10. We analyze how future LHC and direct DM searches can complement each other in the exploration of the different DM mechanisms within these scenarios. We find that the τ~1 coannihilation regions of the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 can largely be explored at the LHC via searches for /E_{T} events and long-lived charged particles, whereas theirH / A funnel, focus-point and χ^{~±}_{1} coannihilation regions can largely be explored by the LZ and Darwin DM direct detection experiments. Furthermore, we find that the dominant DM mechanism in our pMSSM10 analysis is χ^{~}_{±1} coannihilation: parts of its parameter space can be explored by the LHC, and a larger portion by future direct DM searches.
Comments on twisted indices in 3d supersymmetric gauge theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Closset, Cyril; Kim, Heeyeon
2016-08-01
We study three-dimensional {N} = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories on Σ g × S 1 with a topological twist along Σ g , a genus- g Riemann surface. The twisted supersymmetric index at genus g and the correlation functions of half-BPS loop operators on S 1 can be computed exactly by supersymmetric localization. For g = 1, this gives a simple UV computation of the 3d Witten index. Twisted indices provide us with a clean derivation of the quantum algebra of supersymmetric Wilson loops, for any Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons-matter theory, in terms of the associated Bethe equations for the theory on {{R}}^2× {S}^1 . This also provides a powerful and simple tool to study 3d {N} = 2 Seiberg dualities. Finally, we study A- and B-twisted indices for {N} = 4 supersymmetric gauge theories, which turns out to be very useful for quantitative studies of three-dimensional mirror symmetry. We also briefly comment on a relation between the S 2 × S 1 twisted indices and the Hilbert series of {N} = 4 moduli spaces.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zibeniene, Gintaute
2004-01-01
The author analyzes the nature of study programme assessment with regard to the assurance of study quality. The organisation of the assessment process of the non-university study programmes which were developed and submitted for realisation in Lithuania and other countries is also presented and compared. It is being analysed whether it is possible…
Constraint on the scale-unifying supersymmetric preon model from ? - ? mixing
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, Jongbae
1997-06-01
We study the flavour changing neutral current process in 0954-3899/23/6/005/img3 - 0954-3899/23/6/005/img4 mixing in the supersymmetric preon model (SPM). Compared to the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), one distinguishing feature of 0954-3899/23/6/005/img3 - 0954-3899/23/6/005/img4 mixing in the SPM is that there are new contributions from box diagrams involving two vector-like families of quarks and their supersymmetric (SUSY) partners with masses of order 1 TeV. Another special feature of the process in the SPM, in contrast to the MSSM, is that left - right squark 0954-3899/23/6/005/img7 - 0954-3899/23/6/005/img8 mixing is highly suppressed owing to symmetries of the underlying model. We calculate the SUSY box diagrams for 0954-3899/23/6/005/img3 - 0954-3899/23/6/005/img4 mixing for the case of the SPM, using observed 0954-3899/23/6/005/img3 - 0954-3899/23/6/005/img4 mass splitting, and obtain the constraint of 0954-3899/23/6/005/img13 on the squark mass degeneracy in the model. This upper limit is smaller by about a factor of 3.6 than the corresponding limit for the MSSM. The difference arises because of the absence of 0954-3899/23/6/005/img7 - 0954-3899/23/6/005/img8 mixing in the the preon model.
Rigid supersymmetric backgrounds of 3-dimensional Newton-Cartan supergravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Knodel, Gino; Lisbão, Pedro; Liu, James T.
2016-06-01
Recently, a non-relativistic off-shell formulation of three dimensional Newton-Cartan supergravity was proposed as the c → ∞ limit of three dimensional mathcal{N} = 2 super-gravity [1]. In the present paper we study supersymmetric backgrounds within this theory. Using integrability constraints for the non-relativistic Killing spinor equations, we explicitly construct all maximally supersymmetric solutions, which admit four supercharges. In addition to these solutions, there are 1/2 -BPS solutions with reduced supersymmetry. We give explicit examples of such backgrounds and derive necessary conditions for backgrounds preserving two supercharges. Finally, we address how supersymmetric backgrounds of mathcal{N} = 2 supergravity are connected to the solutions found here in the c → ∞ limit.
Light threshold effects in supersymmetric grand unified theories
Faraggi, A.E.; Grinstein, B.
1993-08-01
Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories have a rich spectrum of particles barely heavier than the intermediate vector bosons. As their non-supersymmetric counterparts, they lead to many relations among low energy observables. But the precise form of the predictions is modified by the extended spectrum. If the masses of these new particles are comparable to M{sub Z}, the standard computation of their effect becomes inaccurate. The authors, present a detailed discussion of the correct procedure, and carry out the relevant computations to one loop order. Attention is paid to the special treatment that the top and Higgs particles must receive. The size of the effect is explored for a range of parameters in the minimal supersymmetric SU(5) grand-unified theory with radiative breaking. It is found that the naive (leading-log) computation can be fairly inaccurate.
Democracy of internal symmetries in supersymmetrical quantum field theory
Lopuszanski, J.T.
1981-12-01
The freedom of choice of some discrete and internal symmetries in the supersymmetric, massive, interacting quantum field theory is discussed. It is shown that the discrete symmetry consisting of changing the sign of some (not all) scalar fields is incompatible with the supersymmetric structure of the theory. It is further demonstrated that an internal symmetry which transforms only some of the fields of fixed spin leaving the other fields invariant and which acts nontrivially on the supercharges can not be admitted as a symmetry; although it can be a good internal symmetry in absence of supersymmetric covariance. Moreover, in case of a model consisting of scalar, spinor and vector fields even a symmetry which transforms all of the scalar (vector) fields leaving spinor and vector (scalar) fields unaffected is ruled out provided it acts nontrivially on some of the supercharges.
Does the supersymmetric integrability imply the integrability of Bosonic sector
Popowicz, Ziemowit
2010-03-08
The answer is no. This is demonstrated for two equations that belong to the supersymmetric Manin-Radul N = 1 Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (MRSKP) hierarchy. The first one is the N = 1 supersymmetric Sawada-Kotera equation recently considered by Tian and Liu. We define the bi-Hamiltonian structure for this equation which however does not reduce in the bosonic limit to the known bi-Hamiltonian structure. The second equation is obtained from the Lax operator of the fifth order in the supersymmetric derivatives which in the bosonic sector reduces to the system of interacted two KdV equations discovered by Drinfeld and Sokolov in 1981 and later rediscovered by Sakovich and Foursov.
Superconducting cosmic strings and one dimensional extended supersymmetric algebras
Oikonomou, V.K.
2014-11-15
In this article we study in detail the supersymmetric structures that underlie the system of fermionic zero modes around a superconducting cosmic string. Particularly, we extend the analysis existing in the literature on the one dimensional N=2 supersymmetry and we find multiple N=2, d=1 supersymmetries. In addition, compact perturbations of the Witten index of the system are performed and we find to which physical situations these perturbations correspond. More importantly, we demonstrate that there exists a much more rich supersymmetric structure underlying the system of fermions with N{sub f} flavors and these are N-extended supersymmetric structures with non-trivial topological charges, with “N” depending on the fermion flavors.
A euclidean lattice formulation of D = 5 maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Joseph, Anosh
2016-06-01
We construct lattice action for five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. This supersymmetric lattice formulation can be used to explore the non-perturbative regime of the continuum target theory, which has a known gravitational dual.
Variational methods in supersymmetric lattice field theory: The vacuum sector
Duncan, A.; Meyer-Ortmanns, H.; Roskies, R.
1987-12-15
The application of variational methods to the computation of the spectrum in supersymmetric lattice theories is considered, with special attention to O(N) supersymmetric sigma models. Substantial cancellations are found between bosonic and fermionic contributions even in approximate Ansa$uml: tze for the vacuum wave function. The nonlinear limit of the linear sigma model is studied in detail, and it is shown how to construct an appropriate non-Gaussian vacuum wave function for the nonlinear model. The vacuum energy is shown to be of order unity in lattice units in the latter case, after infinite cancellations.
Gauge symmetry and supersymmetric two-particle problem
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zaikov, R. P.
1989-12-01
An analogy between the removal of nonphysical relative time (or relative energy) in the supersymmetric two-particle problem and the account of local gauge invariance in supersymmetric quantum field theory is discussed. A group of gauge transformations for the Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes is suggested, the invariants of which are the relativistic three-dimensional (quasipotential) wave functions in the Logunov-Tavkhelidze approach. Subsidiary conditions imposed on the Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes in the Todorov approach are shown to be equivalent to appropriate gauge fixing.
Some Algebraic Symmetries of (2, 2)-Supersymmetric Systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hübsch, Tristan
The Hilbert spaces of supersymmetric systems admit symmetries which are often related to the topology and geometry of the (target) field-space. Here, we study certain (2, 2)-supersymmetric systems in two-dimensional space-time which are closely related to superstring models. They all turn out to possess some hitherto unexploited and geometrically and topologically unobstructed symmetries, providing new tools for studying the topology and geometry of superstring target space-times, and so the dynamics of the effective field theory in these. There ain't no such thing as a free lunch. - Supposedly
Invisible decays of Higgs bosons in supersymmetric models
Griest, K.; Haber, H.E.
1988-02-01
We point out that the dominant decay of the light scalar Higgs boson in a supersymmetric model may be into a pair of the lightest neutralinos (assumed to be the lightest supersymmetric particles), which would result in an invisible final state. Thus, in the search at the Stanford Linear Collider and the CERN collider LEP for a Higgs scalar produced in association with a real or virtual Z boson, it is important not to cut out events with significant missing energy recoiling against the Z.
Collective field theory of a singular supersymmetric matrix model
de Mello Koch, R.; Rodrigues, J.P.
1995-05-15
The supersymmetric collective field theory with the potential {ital v}{prime}({ital x})={omega}{ital x}{minus}{eta}/{ital x} is studied. Consistency with supersymmetry enforces a two band solution. A supersymmetric classical configuration is found, and interpreted in terms of the density of zeroes of certain Laguerre polynomials. The spectrum of the model is then studied and is seen to correspond to a massless scalar and a Majorana fermion. The {ital x} space eigenfunctions are constructed and expressed in terms of Chebyshev polynomials. Higher order interactions are also discussed.
Sneutrino inflation in supersymmetric B - L with inverse seesaw
Khalil, Shaaban; Sil, Arunansu
2012-07-27
We have shown that inflation in the supersymmetric B - L extension of the Standard Model can be realized where one of the associated right-handed sneutrinos can provide a non-trivial inflationary trajectory at tree level (hence breaking B - L during inflation). As soon as the inflation ends, the right-handed sneutrino falls into the supersymmetric vacuum, with a vanishing vacuum expectation value, so that B - L symmetry is restored. The B - L gauge symmetry will be radiatively broken at a TeV scale and light neutrino masses are generated through the inverse seesaw mechanism.
Enhanced lepton flavour violation in the supersymmetric inverse seesaw
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Weiland, C.
2013-07-01
In minimal supersymmetric seesaw models, the contribution to lepton flavour violation from Z-penguins is usually negligible. In this study, we consider the supersymmetric inverse seesaw and show that, in this case, the Z-penguin contribution dominates in several lepton flavour violating observables due to the low scale of the inverse seesaw mechanism. Among the observables considered, we find that the most constraining one is the μ-e conversion rate which is already restricting the otherwise allowed parameter space of the model. Moreover, in this framework, the Z-penguins exhibit a non-decoupling behaviour, which has previously been noticed in lepton flavour violating Higgs decays.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schulze-Halberg, Axel
2016-06-01
We construct supersymmetric partners of a quantum system featuring a class of trigonometric potentials that emerge from the spheroidal equation. Examples of both standard and confluent supersymmetric transformations are presented. Furthermore, we use integral formulas arising from the confluent supersymmetric formalism to derive new representations for single and multiple integrals of spheroidal functions.
Light-Front Holography, Color Confinement, and Supersymmetric Features of QCD
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brodsky, Stanley J.
2016-08-01
Light-Front Quantization—Dirac's "Front Form"—provides a physical, frame-independent formalism for hadron dynamics and structure. Observables such as structure functions, transverse momentum distributions, and distribution amplitudes are defined from the hadronic light-front wavefunctions. One obtains new insights into the hadronic spectrum, light-front wavefunctions, and the functional form of the QCD running coupling in the nonperturbative domain using light-front holography—the duality between the front form and AdS5, the space of isometries of the conformal group. In addition, superconformal algebra leads to remarkable supersymmetric relations between mesons and baryons of the same parity. The mass scale {κ} underlying confinement and hadron masses can be connected to the parameter {Λ_{overline {MS}}} in the QCD running coupling by matching the nonperturbative dynamics, as described by the effective conformal theory mapped to the light-front and its embedding in AdS space, to the perturbative QCD regime. The result is an effective coupling defined at all momenta. This matching of the high and low momentum transfer regimes determines a scale Q 0 which sets the interface between perturbative and nonperturbative hadron dynamics. The use of Q 0 to resolve the factorization scale uncertainty for structure functions and distribution amplitudes, in combination with the principle of maximal conformality for setting the renormalization scales, can greatly improve the precision of perturbative QCD predictions for collider phenomenology. The absence of vacuum excitations of the causal, frame-independent front form vacuum has important consequences for the cosmological constant. I also discuss evidence that the antishadowing of nuclear structure functions is non-universal; i.e., flavor dependent, and why shadowing and antishadowing phenomena may be incompatible with the momentum and other sum rules for nuclear parton distribution functions.
Radiative symmetry breaking on D-branes at non-supersymmetric singularities
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kitazawa, Noriaki
2006-10-01
The possibility of radiative gauge symmetry breaking on D3-branes at non-supersymmetric orbifold singularities is examined. As an example, a simple model of D3-branes at non-supersymmetric C/Z singularity with some D7-branes for the cancellations of RR tadpoles in twisted sectors is analyzed in detail. We find that there are no tachyon modes in twisted sectors, and NS-NS tadpoles in twisted sectors are canceled out, though uncanceled tadpoles and tachyon modes exist in untwisted sectors. This means that this singularity background is a stable solution of string theory at tree level, though some specific compactification of six-dimensional space should be considered for a consistent untwisted sector. On D3-brane three massless "Higgs doublet fields" and three family "up-type quarks" are realized at tree level. Other fermion fields, "down-type quarks" and "leptons", can be realized as massless modes of the open strings stretching between D3-branes and D7-branes. The Higgs doublet fields have Yukawa couplings with up-type quarks, and they also have self-couplings which give a scalar potential without flat directions. Since there is no supersymmetry, the radiative corrections may naturally develop negative Higgs mass squared and "electroweak symmetry breaking". We explicitly calculate the open string one-loop correction to the Higgs mass squared from twisted sectors, and find that the negative value is indeed realized in this specific model.
Type II seesaw supersymmetric neutrino model for θ13≠0
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ahl Laamara, R.; Loualidi, M. A.; Saidi, E. H.
2016-06-01
Using the type II seesaw approach and properties of discrete flavor symmetry group representations, we build a supersymmetric A4×A3 neutrino model with θ13≠0 . After describing the basis of this model—which is beyond the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model—with a superfield spectrum containing flavons in A4×A3 representations, we first generate the tribimaximal neutrino mixing which is known to be in agreement with the mixing angles θ12 and θ23. Then, we give the scalar potential of the theory where the A3 discrete subsymmetry is used to avoid the so-called sequestering problem. We next study the deviation from the tribimaximal mixing matrix which is produced by perturbing the neutrino mass matrix with a nontrivial A4 singlet. Normal and inverted mass hierarchies are discussed numerically. We also study the breaking of A4 down to Z3 in the charged lepton sector, and use the branching ratio of the decay τ →μ μ e —which is allowed by the residual symmetry Z3—to get estimations on the mass of one of the flavons and the cutoff scale Λ of the model. Key words: Neutrino family symmetry, supersymmetry, deviation from TBM
Cusp Anomalous Dimension in Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kotanski, J.
2008-12-01
The main features of the cusp anomalous dimension in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory are reviewed. Moreover, the strong coupling expansion of the cusp derived in B. Basso, G.P. Korchemsky, J. Kotanski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 091601 (2008) is presented.
Stable Non-Supersymmetric Throats in String Theory
Kachru, Shamit; Simic, Dusan; Trivedi, Sandip P.; /Tata Inst. /Stanford U., ITP /SLAC
2011-06-28
We construct a large class of non-supersymmetric AdS-like throat geometries in string theory by taking non-supersymmetric orbifolds of supersymmetric backgrounds. The scale of SUSY breaking is the AdS radius, and the dual field theory has explicitly broken supersymmetry. The large hierarchy of energy scales in these geometries is stable. We establish this by showing that the dual gauge theories do not have any relevant operators which are singlets under the global symmetries. When the geometries are embedded in a compact internal space, a large enough discrete subgroup of the global symmetries can still survive to prevent any singlet relevant operators from arising. We illustrate this by embedding one case in a non-supersymmetric orbifold of a Calabi-Yau manifold. These examples can serve as a starting point for obtaining Randall-Sundrum models in string theory, and more generally for constructing composite Higgs or technicolor-like models where strongly coupled dynamics leads to the breaking of electro-weak symmetry. Towards the end of the paper, we briefly discuss how bulk gauge fields can be incorporated by introducing D7-branes in the bulk, and also show how the strongly coupled dynamics can lead to an emergent weakly coupled gauge theory in the IR with matter fields including scalars.
The simplicity of perfect atoms: Degeneracies in supersymmetric hydrogen
Rube, Tomas; Wacker, Jay G.
2011-06-07
In this study, supersymmetric QED hydrogen-like bound states are remarkably similar to nonsupersymmetric hydrogen, including an accidental degeneracy of the fine structure and is broken by the Lamb shift. This article classifies the states, calculates the leading order spectrum, and illustrates the results in several limits. The relation to other nonrelativistic bound states is explored.
Supersymmetric Chern-Simons vortex systems and fermion zero modes
Lee, B. ); Lee, C. ); Min, H. )
1992-06-15
Fermion zero modes around a general multivortex background are analyzed in supersymmetrized self-dual (Maxwell--) Chern-Simons Higgs systems, using the index theorem and other means. In the models with an {ital N}=2 extended supersymmetry, a simple connection is established between all independent fermion zero modes and corresponding bosonic zero modes. We provide a supersymmetry-based explanation of the result.
The simplicity of perfect atoms: Degeneracies in supersymmetric hydrogen
Rube, Tomas; Wacker, Jay G.
2011-06-15
Supersymmetric QED hydrogen-like bound states are remarkably similar to nonsupersymmetric hydrogen, including an accidental degeneracy of the fine structure and is broken by the Lamb shift. This article classifies the states, calculates the leading order spectrum, and illustrates the results in several limits. The relation to other nonrelativistic bound states is explored.
Taming the zoo of supersymmetric quantum mechanical models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Smilga, A. V.
2013-05-01
We show that in many cases nontrivial and complicated supersymmetric quantum mechanical (SQM) models can be obtained from the simple model describing free dynamics in flat complex space by two operations: (i) Hamiltonian reduction and (ii) similarity transformation of the complex supercharges. We conjecture that it is true for any SQM model.
Deviations from Newton's law in supersymmetric large extra dimensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Callin, P.; Burgess, C. P.
2006-09-01
Deviations from Newton's inverse-squared law at the micron length scale are smoking-gun signals for models containing supersymmetric large extra dimensions (SLEDs), which have been proposed as approaches for resolving the cosmological constant problem. Just like their non-supersymmetric counterparts, SLED models predict gravity to deviate from the inverse-square law because of the advent of new dimensions at sub-millimeter scales. However SLED models differ from their non-supersymmetric counterparts in three important ways: (i) the size of the extra dimensions is fixed by the observed value of the dark energy density, making it impossible to shorten the range over which new deviations from Newton's law must be seen; (ii) supersymmetry predicts there to be more fields in the extra dimensions than just gravity, implying different types of couplings to matter and the possibility of repulsive as well as attractive interactions; and (iii) the same mechanism which is purported to keep the cosmological constant naturally small also keeps the extra-dimensional moduli effectively massless, leading to deviations from general relativity in the far infrared of the scalar-tensor form. We here explore the deviations from Newton's law which are predicted over micron distances, and show the ways in which they differ and resemble those in the non-supersymmetric case.
Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on conformal supergravity backgrounds in ten dimensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
de Medeiros, Paul; Figueroa-O'Farrill, José
2016-03-01
We consider bosonic supersymmetric backgrounds of ten-dimensional conformal supergravity. Up to local conformal isometry, we classify the maximally supersymmetric backgrounds, determine their conformal symmetry superalgebras and show how they arise as near-horizon geometries of certain half-BPS backgrounds or as a plane-wave limit thereof. We then show how to define Yang-Mills theory with rigid supersymmetry on any supersymmetric conformal supergravity background and, in particular, on the maximally supersymmetric backgrounds. We conclude by commenting on a striking resemblance between the supersymmetric backgrounds of ten-dimensional conformal supergravity and those of eleven-dimensional Poincaré supergravity.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Badziak, Marcin; Olechowski, Marek; Pokorski, Stefan
2013-10-01
It is shown that substantially enhanced Higgs to diphoton rate induced by light staus with large left-right mixing in MSSM requires at the GUT scale non-universal gaugino masses with bino and/or wino lighter than gluino. The possibility of such enhancement is investigated in MSSM models with arbitrary gaugino masses at the GUT scale with additional restriction of top-bottom-tau Yukawa unification, as predicted by minimal SO(10) GUTs. Many patterns of gaugino masses leading to enhanced Higgs to diphoton rate and the Yukawa unification are identified. Some of these patterns can be accommodated in a well-motivated scenarios such as mirage mediation or SUSY breaking F -terms being a non- singlet of SO(10). Phenomenological implications of a scenario with non-universal gaugino masses generated by a mixture of the singlet F -term and the F -term in a 24-dimensional representation of SU(5) ⊂ SO(10) are studied in detail. Possible non-universalities of other soft terms generated by such F-terms are discussed. The enhancement of Higgs to diphoton rate up to 30% can be obtained in agreement with all phenomenological constraints, including vacuum metastability bounds. The lightest sbottom and pseudoscalar Higgs are within easy reach of the 14 TeV LHC. The LSP can be either bino-like or wino-like. The thermal relic abundance in the former case may be in agreement with the cosmological data thanks to efficient stau coannihilation.
Support Needs of the Most Vulnerable Student Groups in Non-University Higher Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tamuliene, Rasa
2014-01-01
This article presents the research on support needs of the most vulnerable students in nonuniversity higher education. The research results have revealed that older, part-time students who have family and/or work responsibilities focus on academic information and counselling, foreign language training, distance study centre, legal counselling and…
On supersymmetric D 6-D bar6 systems with magnetic fields
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Baron, Walter H.; Lugo, Adrián R.
2007-11-01
We study systems of D6 and Dbar 6 branes with non-zero world-volume magnetic fields in the weak coupling limit. We find two configurations for which the conditions for absence of tachyons in the spectra coincide exactly with those found in the low energy effective theory approach, for the systems to preserve 1/8 of the supersymmetries of the type IIA string theory vacuum. These conditions give rise to a four-parameter family of solutions in each case. We present further evidence of the stability of these systems by computing the lowest order interaction amplitude, verifying the no force condition as well as the supersymmetric character of the spectrum.
Cluster-like coordinates in supersymmetric quantum field theory
Neitzke, Andrew
2014-01-01
Recently it has become apparent that N=2 supersymmetric quantum field theory has something to do with cluster algebras. I review one aspect of the connection: supersymmetric quantum field theories have associated hyperkähler moduli spaces, and these moduli spaces carry a structure that looks like an extension of the notion of cluster variety. In particular, one encounters the usual variables and mutations of the cluster story, along with more exotic extra variables and generalized mutations. I focus on a class of examples where the underlying cluster varieties are moduli spaces of flat connections on surfaces, as considered by Fock and Goncharov [Fock V, Goncharov A (2006) Publ Math Inst Hautes Études Sci 103:1–211]. The work reviewed here is largely joint with Davide Gaiotto and Greg Moore. PMID:24982190
Antideuterons as a signature of supersymmetric dark matter
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Donato, Fiorenza; Fornengo, Nicolao; Salati, Pierre
2000-08-01
Once the energy spectrum of the secondary component is well understood, measurements of the antiproton cosmic-ray flux at Earth will be a powerful way to indirectly probe for the existence of supersymmetric relics in the galactic halo. Unfortunately, it is still spoiled by considerable theoretical uncertainties. As shown in this work, searches for low-energy antideuterons appear in the meantime as a plausible alternative, worth being explored. Above a few GeV/n, a dozen spallation antideuterons should be collected by the future Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment on board International Space Station Alpha. For energies less than ~3 GeV/n, the D¯ spallation component becomes negligible and may be supplanted by a potential supersymmetric signal. If a few low-energy antideuterons are discovered, this should be seriously taken as a clue for the existence of massive neutralinos in the Milky Way.
Strong electroweak phase transition from Supersymmetric Custodial Triplets
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Garcia-Pepin, Mateo; Quiros, Mariano
2016-05-01
The Supersymmetric Custodial Triplet Model, a supersymmetric generalization of the Georgi-Machacek model, has proven to be an interesting modification of the MSSM. It extends the MSSM Higgs sector by three extra SU(2) L triplets in such a way that approximate custodial invariance is preserved and ρ-parameter deviations are kept under control. By means of a sizeable triplet contribution to electroweak breaking the model is able to generate a barrier at tree level between the false vacuum and the electroweak one. This will result in a strong first order phase transition for an important region of the parameter space. We also look at the gravitational waves that could be generated as a result of the phase transition and show how future interferometers could be used as a probe of the model.
Gravity duals of supersymmetric gauge theories on three-manifolds
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Farquet, Daniel; Lorenzen, Jakob; Martelli, Dario; Sparks, James
2016-08-01
We study gravity duals to a broad class of {N} = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories defined on a general class of three-manifold geometries. The gravity backgrounds are based on Euclidean self-dual solutions to four-dimensional gauged supergravity. As well as constructing new examples, we prove in general that for solutions defined on the four-ball the gravitational free energy depends only on the supersymmetric Killing vector, finding a simple closed formula when the solution has U(1) × U(1) symmetry. Our result agrees with the large N limit of the free energy of the dual gauge theory, computed using localization. This constitutes an exact check of the gauge/gravity correspondence for a very broad class of gauge theories with a large N limit, defined on a general class of background three-manifold geometries.
Five-dimensional null and time-like supersymmetric geometries
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pasini, Giulio; Shahbazi, C. S.
2016-09-01
We show that there exist supersymmetric solutions of five-dimensional, pure, { N }=1 supergravity such that the norm of the supersymmetric Killing vector, built out of the Killing spinor, is a real not-everywhere analytic function such that all its derivatives vanish at a point where the Killing vector field becomes null. The norm of the Killing vector field then is not an analytic function on a neighborhood around this point. We explicitly construct such solutions by using a multi-center Gibbons–Hawking base. Although many of these solutions have infinite charges, we find explicit examples with finite charges that asymptote to {{AdS}}3× {S}2 and discuss their physical interpretation.
The neutrino as the supersymmetric partner of the majoron
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aulakh, C. S.; Mohapatra, R. N.
1982-12-01
We show that a supersymmetric extension of the standard SU (2)L×U(1) model provides a natural framework for spontaneous breakdown of global lepton number symmetry leading to a ``doublet'' majoron with neutrino as its supersymmetric partner. A characteristic of this model is the appearance of a new contribution to neutrinoless double beta-decay (ββ)0ν mediated by the photino λγ which, however, is negligible for reasonable photino masses. We also predict the existence of a light mass (~100 keV) scalar boson very weakly coupled to matter. Work supported in part by National Science Foundation Grant No. PHY-78-24888 and CUNY-PSC-BHE Faculty Research Award.
Structure of supersymmetric sums in multiloop unitarity cuts
Bern, Z.; Carrasco, J. J. M.; Ita, H.; Johansson, H.; Roiban, R.
2009-09-15
In this paper we describe algebraic and diagrammatic methods related to the maximally helicity-violating generating function method for evaluating and exposing the structure of supersymmetric sums over the states crossing generalized unitarity cuts of multiloop amplitudes in four dimensions. We focus mainly on cuts of maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills amplitudes. We provide various concrete examples, some of which are directly relevant for the calculation of four-loop amplitudes. Additionally, we discuss some cases with less-than-maximal supersymmetry. The results of these constructions carry over to generalized cuts of multiloop supergravity amplitudes through use of the Kawai-Lewellen-Tye relations between gravity and gauge-theory tree amplitudes.
Noncommutative (supersymmetric) electrodynamics in the Yang-Feldman formalism
Zahn, Jochen
2010-11-15
We study quantum electrodynamics on the noncommutative Minkowski space (NCQED) in the Yang-Feldman formalism. Local observables are defined by using covariant coordinates. We compute the two-point function of the interacting field strength to second order and find the infrared divergent terms already known from computations using the so-called modified Feynman rules. It is shown that these lead to nonlocal renormalization ambiguities. Also new nonlocal divergences stemming from the covariant coordinates are found. Furthermore, we study the supersymmetric extension of the model. For this, the supersymmetric generalization of the covariant coordinates is introduced. We find that the nonlocal divergences cancel. At the one-loop level, the only effect of noncommutativity is then a momentum-dependent field strength normalization. We interpret it as an acausal effect and show that its range is independent of the noncommutativity scale.
Cluster-like coordinates in supersymmetric quantum field theory.
Neitzke, Andrew
2014-07-01
Recently it has become apparent that N = 2 supersymmetric quantum field theory has something to do with cluster algebras. I review one aspect of the connection: supersymmetric quantum field theories have associated hyperkähler moduli spaces, and these moduli spaces carry a structure that looks like an extension of the notion of cluster variety. In particular, one encounters the usual variables and mutations of the cluster story, along with more exotic extra variables and generalized mutations. I focus on a class of examples where the underlying cluster varieties are moduli spaces of flat connections on surfaces, as considered by Fock and Goncharov [Fock V, Goncharov A (2006) Publ Math Inst Hautes Études Sci 103:1-211]. The work reviewed here is largely joint with Davide Gaiotto and Greg Moore.
Supersymmetric formulation of polytropic gas dynamics and its invariant solutions
Grundland, A. M.; Hariton, A. J.
2011-04-15
In this paper, a supersymmetric extension of the polytropic gas dynamics equations is constructed through the use of a superspace involving two independent fermionic variables and two bosonic superfields. A superalgebra of symmetries of the proposed extended model is determined and a systematic classification of the one-dimensional subalgebras of this superalgebra is performed. Through the use of the symmetry reduction method, a number of invariant solutions of the supersymmetric polytropic gas dynamics equations are found. Several types of solutions are obtained including algebraic-type solutions and propagation waves (simple and double waves). Many of the obtained solutions involve arbitrary functions of one or two bosonic or fermionic variables. In the case where the arbitrary functions involve only the independent fermionic variables, the solutions are expressed in terms of Taylor expansions.
Discrimination of supersymmetric grand unified models in gaugino mediation
Okada, Nobuchika; Hieu Minh Tran
2011-03-01
We consider supersymmetric grand unified theory (GUT) with the gaugino mediated supersymmetry breaking and investigate a possibility to discriminate different GUT models in terms of predicted sparticle mass spectra. Taking two example GUT models, the minimal SU(5) and simple SO(10) models, and imposing a variety of theoretical and experimental constraints, we calculate sparticle masses. Fixing parameters of each model so as to result in the same mass of neutralino as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP), giving the observed dark matter relic density, we find sizable mass differences in the left-handed slepton and right-handed down-type squark sectors in two models, which can be a probe to discriminate the GUT models realized at the GUT scale far beyond the reach of collider experiments.
Five-dimensional null and time-like supersymmetric geometries
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pasini, Giulio; Shahbazi, C. S.
2016-09-01
We show that there exist supersymmetric solutions of five-dimensional, pure, { N }=1 supergravity such that the norm of the supersymmetric Killing vector, built out of the Killing spinor, is a real not-everywhere analytic function such that all its derivatives vanish at a point where the Killing vector field becomes null. The norm of the Killing vector field then is not an analytic function on a neighborhood around this point. We explicitly construct such solutions by using a multi-center Gibbons-Hawking base. Although many of these solutions have infinite charges, we find explicit examples with finite charges that asymptote to {{AdS}}3× {S}2 and discuss their physical interpretation.
Supersymmetric black holes with lens-space topology.
Kunduri, Hari K; Lucietti, James
2014-11-21
We present a new supersymmetric, asymptotically flat, black hole solution to five-dimensional supergravity. It is regular on and outside an event horizon of lens-space topology L(2,1). It is the first example of an asymptotically flat black hole with lens-space topology. The solution is characterized by a charge, two angular momenta, and a magnetic flux through a noncontractible disk region ending on the horizon, with one constraint relating these.
On the supersymmetric extension of Gauss-Bonnet like gravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Concha, P. K.; Ipinza, M. C.; Ravera, L.; Rodríguez, E. K.
2016-09-01
We explore the supersymmetry invariance of a supergravity theory in the presence of a non-trivial boundary. The explicit construction of a bulk Lagrangian based on an enlarged superalgebra, known as AdS-Lorentz, is presented. Using a geometric approach we show that the supersymmetric extension of a Gauss-Bonnet like gravity is required in order to restore the supersymmetry invariance of the theory.
Supersymmetric black holes with lens-space topology.
Kunduri, Hari K; Lucietti, James
2014-11-21
We present a new supersymmetric, asymptotically flat, black hole solution to five-dimensional supergravity. It is regular on and outside an event horizon of lens-space topology L(2,1). It is the first example of an asymptotically flat black hole with lens-space topology. The solution is characterized by a charge, two angular momenta, and a magnetic flux through a noncontractible disk region ending on the horizon, with one constraint relating these. PMID:25479484
Regge trajectories in N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Córdova, Clay
2016-09-01
We demonstrate that N = 2 supersymmetric non-Abelian gauge theories have towers of BPS particles obeying a Regge relation, J ˜ m 2, between their angular momenta, J, and their masses, m. For SU( N) Yang-Mills theories, we estimate the slope of these Regge trajectories using a non-relativistic quiver quantum mechanics model. Along the way, we also prove various structure theorems for the quiver moduli spaces that appear in the calculation.
Regge trajectories in {N} = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Córdova, Clay
2016-09-01
We demonstrate that {N} = 2 supersymmetric non-Abelian gauge theories have towers of BPS particles obeying a Regge relation, J ˜ m 2, between their angular momenta, J, and their masses, m. For SU( N) Yang-Mills theories, we estimate the slope of these Regge trajectories using a non-relativistic quiver quantum mechanics model. Along the way, we also prove various structure theorems for the quiver moduli spaces that appear in the calculation.
High-temperature asymptotics of supersymmetric partition functions
Ardehali, Arash Arabi
2016-07-05
We study the supersymmetric partition function of 4d supersymmetric gauge theories with a U(1) R-symmetry on Euclidean S3 × Sβ1, with S3 the unit-radius squashed three-sphere, and β the circumference of the circle. For superconformal theories, this partition function coincides (up to a Casimir energy factor) with the 4d superconformal index. The partition function can be computed exactly using the supersymmetric localization of the gauge theory path-integral. It takes the form of an elliptic hypergeometric integral, which may be viewed as a matrix-integral over the moduli space of the holonomies of the gauge fields around Sβ1. At high temperatures (βmore » → 0, corresponding to the hyperbolic limit of the elliptic hypergeometric integral) we obtain from the matrix-integral a quantum effective potential for the holonomies. The effective potential is proportional to the temperature. Therefore the high-temperature limit further localizes the matrix-integral to the locus of the minima of the potential. If the effective potential is positive semi-definite, the leading high-temperature asymptotics of the partition function is given by the formula of Di Pietro and Komargodski, and the subleading asymptotics is connected to the Coulomb branch dynamics on R3 × S1. In theories where the effective potential is not positive semi-definite, the Di Pietro-Komargodski formula needs to be modified. In particular, this modification occurs in the SU(2) theory of Intriligator-Seiberg-Shenker, and the SO(N) theory of Brodie-Cho-Intriligator, both believed to exhibit “misleading” anomaly matchings, and both believed to yield interacting superconformal field theories with c < a. Lastly, two new simple tests for dualities between 4d supersymmetric gauge theories emerge as byproducts of our analysis.« less
Observable gravity waves from supersymmetric hybrid inflation. II
Rehman, Mansoor Ur; Shafi, Qaisar; Wickman, Joshua R.
2011-03-15
It is shown that a tensor-to-scalar ratio close to r=0.03, which can be observed by Planck, is realized in supersymmetric hybrid inflation models with TeV-scale soft supersymmetry breaking terms. This extends our previous analysis, which also found r < or approx. 0.03 but employed intermediate-scale soft terms. Other cosmological observables such as the scalar spectral index are in good agreement with the WMAP data.
Towards a supersymmetric description of the Fermi Galactic center excess
Cahill-Rowley, M.; Gainer, J. S.; Hewett, J. L.; Rizzo, T. G.
2015-02-10
We attempt to build a model that describes the Fermi galactic gamma-ray excess (FGCE) within a UV-complete Supersymmetric framework; we find this to be highly non-trivial. At the very least a successful Supersymmetric explanation must have several important ingredients in order to fit the data and satisfy other theoretical and experimental constraints. Under the assumption that a single annihilation mediator is responsible for both the observed relic density as well as the FGCE, we show that the requirements are not easily satisfied in many TeV-scale SUSY models, but can be met with some model building effort in the general NMSSMmore » with ~ 10 parameters beyond the MSSM. We find that the data selects a particular region of the parameter space with a mostly singlino lightest Supersymmetric particle and a relatively light CP-odd Higgs boson that acts as the mediator for dark matter annihilation. We study the predictions for various observables within this parameter space, and find that searches for this light CP-odd state at the LHC, as well as searches for the direct detection of dark matter, are likely to be quite challenging. It is possible that a signature could be observed in the flavor sector; however, indirect detection remains the best probe of this scenario.« less
Supersymmetric U(1){sup '} model with multiple dark matters
Hur, Taeil; Lee, Hye-Sung; Nasri, Salah
2008-01-01
We consider a scenario where a supersymmetric model has multiple dark matter particles. Adding a U(1){sup '} gauge symmetry is a well-motivated extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). It can cure the problems of the MSSM such as the {mu} problem or the proton decay problem with high-dimensional lepton number and baryon number violating operators which R parity allows. An extra parity (U parity) may arise as a residual discrete symmetry after U(1){sup '} gauge symmetry is spontaneously broken. The lightest U-parity particle (LUP) is stable under the new parity becoming a new dark matter candidate. Up to three massive particles can be stable in the presence of the R parity and the U parity. We numerically illustrate that multiple stable particles in our model can satisfy both constraints from the relic density and the direct detection, thus providing a specific scenario where a supersymmetric model has well-motivated multiple dark matters consistent with experimental constraints. The scenario provides new possibilities in the present and upcoming dark matter searches in the direct detection and collider experiments.
Non-supersymmetric infrared perturbations to the warped deformed conifold
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
McGuirk, Paul; Shiu, Gary; Sumitomo, Yoske
2011-01-01
We analyze properties of non-supersymmetric, isometry-preserving perturbations to the infrared region of the warped deformed conifold, i.e. the Klebanov-Strassler solution. We discuss both perturbations that "squash" the geometry, so that the internal space is no longer conformally Calabi-Yau, and perturbations that do not squash the geometry. Among the perturbations that we discuss is the solution that describes the linearized near-tip backreaction of a smeared collection of D3¯-branes positioned in the deep infrared. Such a configuration is a candidate gravity dual of a non-supersymmetric state in a large-rank cascading gauge theory. Although D3¯-branes do not directly couple to the 3-form flux, we argue that, due to the presence of the background imaginary self-dual flux, D3¯-branes in the Klebanov-Strassler geometry necessarily produce singular non-imaginary self-dual flux. Moreover, since conformally Calabi-Yau geometries cannot be supported by non-imaginary self-dual flux, the D3¯-branes squash the geometry as our explicit solution shows. We also briefly discuss supersymmetry-breaking perturbations at large radii and the effect of the non-supersymmetric perturbations on the gravitino mass.
BPS states in supersymmetric chiral models with higher derivative terms
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nitta, Muneto; Sasaki, Shin
2014-11-01
We study the higher derivative chiral models with four supercharges and Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) states in these models. The off-shell Lagrangian generically includes higher powers of the auxiliary fields F , which causes distinct on-shell branches associated with the solutions to the auxiliary fields equation. We point out that the model admits a supersymmetric completion of arbitrary higher derivative bosonic models of a single complex scalar field, and an arbitrary scalar potential can be introduced even without superpotentials. As an example, we present a supersymmetric extension of the Faddeev-Skyrme model without four time derivatives, in contrast to the previously proposed supersymmetric Faddeev-Skyrme-like model containing four time derivatives. In general, higher derivative terms together with a superpotential result in deformed scalar potentials. We find that higher derivative corrections to 1 /2 BPS domain walls and 1 /2 BPS lumps are exactly canceled out, while the 1 /4 BPS lumps (as compact baby Skyrmions) depend on a characteristic feature of the higher derivative models. We also find a new 1 /4 BPS condition for domain wall junctions, which generically receives higher derivative corrections.
Towards a supersymmetric description of the Fermi Galactic center excess
Cahill-Rowley, M.; Gainer, J. S.; Hewett, J. L.; Rizzo, T. G.
2015-02-10
We attempt to build a model that describes the Fermi galactic gamma-ray excess (FGCE) within a UV-complete Supersymmetric framework; we find this to be highly non-trivial. At the very least a successful Supersymmetric explanation must have several important ingredients in order to fit the data and satisfy other theoretical and experimental constraints. Under the assumption that a single annihilation mediator is responsible for both the observed relic density as well as the FGCE, we show that the requirements are not easily satisfied in many TeV-scale SUSY models, but can be met with some model building effort in the general NMSSM with ~ 10 parameters beyond the MSSM. We find that the data selects a particular region of the parameter space with a mostly singlino lightest Supersymmetric particle and a relatively light CP-odd Higgs boson that acts as the mediator for dark matter annihilation. We study the predictions for various observables within this parameter space, and find that searches for this light CP-odd state at the LHC, as well as searches for the direct detection of dark matter, are likely to be quite challenging. It is possible that a signature could be observed in the flavor sector; however, indirect detection remains the best probe of this scenario.
GUTs and supersymmetric GUTs in the very early universe
Ellis, J.
1982-10-01
This talk is intended as background material for many of the other talks treating the possible applications of GUTs to the very early universe. I start with a review of the present theoretical and phenomenological status of GUTs before going on to raise some new issues for their prospective cosmological applications which arise in supersymmetric (susy) GUTs. The first section is an update on conventional GUTs, which is followed by a reminder of some of the motivations for going supersymmetric. There then follows a simple primer on susy and a discussion of the structure and phenomenology of simple sysy GUTs. Finally we come to the cosmological issues, including problems arising from the degeneracy of susy minima, baryosynthesis and supersymmetric inflation, the possibility that gravity is an essential complication in constructing susy GUTs and discussing their cosmology, and the related question of what mass range is allowed for the gravitino. Several parts of this write-up contain new material which has emerged either during the Workshop or subsequently. They are included here for completeness and the convenience of the prospective reader. Wherever possible, these anachronisms will be flagged so as to keep straight the historical record.
Non-decoupling effects in supersymmetric Higgs sectors
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kanemura, Shinya; Shindou, Tetsuo; Yagyu, Kei
2011-05-01
A wide class of Higgs sectors is investigated in supersymmetric standard models. When the lightest Higgs boson (h) looks the standard model one, the mass (mh) and the triple Higgs boson coupling (the hhh coupling) are evaluated at the one-loop level in each model. While mh is at most 120-130 GeV in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), that in models with an additional neutral singlet or triplet fields can be much larger. The hhh coupling can also be sensitive to the models: while in the MSSM the deviation from the standard model prediction is not significant, that can be 30-60% in some models such as the MSSM with the additional singlet or with extra doublets and charged singlets. These models are motivated by specific physics problems like the μ-problem, the neutrino mass, the scalar dark matter and so on. Therefore, when h is found at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, we can classify supersymmetric models by measuring mh and the hhh coupling accurately at future collider experiments.
The ultra-violet question in maximally supersymmetric field theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bossard, G.; Howe, P. S.; Stelle, K. S.
2009-04-01
We discuss various approaches to the problem of determining which supersymmetric invariants are permitted as counterterms in maximally supersymmetric super Yang-Mills and supergravity theories in various dimensions. We review the superspace non-renormalisation theorems based on conventional, light-cone, harmonic and certain non-Lorentz covariant superspaces, and we write down explicitly the relevant invariants. While the first two types of superspace admit the possibility of one-half BPS counterterms, of the form F 4 and R 4 respectively, the last two do not. This suggests that UV divergences begin with one-quarter BPS counterterms, i.e. d 2 F 4 and d 4 R 4, and this is supported by an entirely different approach based on algebraic renormalisation. The algebraic formalism is discussed for non-renormalisable theories and it is shown how the allowable supersymmetric counterterms can be determined via cohomological methods. These results are in agreement with all the explicit computations that have been carried out to date. In particular, they suggest that maximal supergravity is likely to diverge at four loops in D = 5 and at five loops in D = 4, unless other infinity suppression mechanisms not involving supersymmetry or gauge invariance are at work.
Warped Supersymmetric Unification with Non-Unified Superparticle Spectrum
Nomura, Yasunori; Tucker-Smith, David; Tweedie, Brock
2004-03-16
We present a new supersymmetric extension of the standard model. The model is constructed in warped space, with a unified bulk symmetry broken by boundary conditions on both the Planck and TeV branes. In the supersymmetric limit, the massless spectrum contains exotic colored particles along with the particle content of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). Nevertheless, the model still reproduces the MSSM prediction for gauge coupling unification and does not suffer from a proton decay problem. The exotic states acquire masses from supersymmetry breaking, making the model completely viable, but thereis still the possibility that these states will be detected at the LHC. The lightest of these states is most likely A_5^XY, the fifth component of the gauge field associated with the broken unified symmetry. Because supersymmetry is broken on the SU(5)-violating TeV brane, the gaugino masses generated at the TeV scale are completely independent of one another. We explore some of the unusual features that the superparticle spectrum might have as a consequence.
Electromagnetic mixing laws: A supersymmetric approach
Niez, J.J.
2010-02-15
In this article we address the old problem of finding the effective dielectric constant of materials described either by a local random dielectric constant, or by a set of non-overlapping spherical inclusions randomly dispersed in a host. We use a unified theoretical framework, such that all the most important Electromagnetic Mixing Laws (EML) can be recovered as the first iterative step of a family of results, thus opening the way to future improvements through the refinements of the approximation schemes. When the material is described by a set of immersed inclusions characterized by their spatial correlation functions, we exhibit an EML which, being featured by a minimal approximation scheme, does not come from the multiple scattering paradigm. It is made of a pure Hori-Yonezawa formula, corrected by a power series of the inclusion density. The coefficients of the latter, which are given as sums of standard diagrams, are recast into electromagnetic quantities which calculation is amenable numerically thanks to codes available on the web. The methods used and developed in this work are generic and can be used in a large variety of areas ranging from mechanics to thermodynamics.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Das, Debottam; Ellwanger, Ulrich; Teixeira, Ana M.
2012-03-01
The code NMSDECAY allows to compute widths and branching ratios of sparticle decays in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. It is based on a generalization of SDECAY, to include the extended Higgs and neutralino sectors of the NMSSM. Slepton 3-body decays, possibly relevant in the case of a singlino-like lightest supersymmetric particle, have been added. NMSDECAY will be part of the NMSSMTools package, which computes Higgs, sparticle masses and Higgs decays in the NMSSM. Program summaryProgram title: NMSDECAY Catalogue identifier: AELC_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AELC_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 188 177 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1 896 478 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: FORTRAN77 Computer: All supporting g77, gfortran, ifort Operating system: All supporting g77, gfortran, ifort Classification: 11.1 External routines: Routines in the NMSSMTools package: At least one of the routines in the directory main (e.g. nmhdecay.f), all routines in the directory sources. (All software is included in the distribution package.) Nature of problem: Calculation of all decay widths and decay branching fractions of all particles in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Solution method: Suitable generalization of the code SDECAY [1] including the extended Higgs and neutralino sector of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, and slepton 3-body decays. Additional comments: NMSDECAY is interfaced with NMSSMTools, available on the web page http://www.th.u-psud.fr/NMHDECAY/nmssmtools.html. Running time: On an Intel Core i7 with 2.8 GHZ: about 2 seconds per point in parameter space, if all flags flagqcd, flagmulti and flagloop are switched on.
Supersymmetric partition functions in the AdS/CFT conjecture
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Raju, Suvrat
We study supersymmetric partition functions in several versions of the AdS/CFT correspondence. We present an Index for superconformal field theories in d = 3, 4, 5, 6. This captures all information about the spectrum that is protected, under continuous deformations of the theory, purely by group theory. We compute our Index in N = 4 SYM at weak coupling using gauge theory and at strong coupling using supergravity and find perfect agreement at large N. We also compute this Index for supergravity on AdS4 x S7 and AdS7 x S4 and for the recently constructed Chern Simons matter theories. We count 1/16 BPS states in the free gauge theory and find qualitative agreement with the entropy of big black holes in AdS5. We note that the near horizon geometry of some small supersymmetric black holes is an extremal BTZ black holes fibered on a compact base and propose a possible explanation for this, based on giant gravitons. We also find the partition function of the chiral ring of the N = 4 SYM theory at finite coupling and finite N. Turning to AdS3, we study the low energy 1/4 and 1/2 BPS partition functions by finding all classical supersymmetric probe brane solutions of string theory on this background. If the background BNS field and theta angle vanish, AdS3 x S 3 x T4/K3 supports supersymmetric probes: D1 branes, D5 branes and bound states of D5 and D1 branes. In global AdS, upon quantization, these solutions give rise to states in discrete representations of the SL(2,R) WZW model on AdS 3. We conclude that (a) the 1/4 BPS partition function jumps if we turn on a theta angle or NS-NS field (b) generic 1/2 BPS states are protected. We successfully compare our 1/2 BPS partition function with that of the symmetric product. We also discuss puzzles, and their possible resolutions, in reproducing the elliptic genus of the symmetric product. Finally, we comment on the spectrum of particles in the theory of gravity dual to non-supersymmetric Yang Mills theory on S3 x time.
The tri-Hamiltonian dual system of supersymmetric two boson system
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhang, Mengxia; Tian, Kai; Zhang, Lei
2016-09-01
The dual system of the supersymmetric two boson system is constructed through the approach of tri-Hamiltonian duality, and inferred from this duality, its zero-curvature representation is also figured out. Furthermore, the dual system is shown to be equivalent to a N = 2 supersymmetric Camassa-Holm equation, and this relation results in a new linear spectral problem for the N = 2 supersymmetric Camassa-Holm equation.
A non-standard Lax formulation of the Harry Dym hierarchy and its supersymmetric extension
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tian, Kai; Popowicz, Ziemowit; Liu, Q. P.
2012-03-01
For the Harry Dym hierarchy, a non-standard Lax formulation is deduced from that of the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation through a reciprocal transformation. By supersymmetrizing this Lax operator, a new N = 2 supersymmetric extension of the Harry Dym hierarchy is constructed, and is further shown to be linked to one of the N = 2 supersymmetric KdV equations through the superconformal transformation. The bosonic limit of this new N = 2 supersymmetric Harry Dym equation is related to a coupled system of KdV-MKdV equations.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tian, Kai; Liu, Q. P.
2014-09-01
The changing rule of super Hamiltonian operators under general superconformal transformations is established by means of investigating behavior of supersymmetric Euler derivatives under the same kind of changes of variables. In the two particular yet frequent cases such as supersymmetric Miura-type transformations and reciprocal transformations, the results are detailed and applied to construct bi-Hamiltonian structures of some supersymmetric evolution equations. As an interesting example, one of supersymmetric Harry Dym equations is shown to be a bi-Hamiltonian system through its reciprocal link to the classical Harry Dym equation.
Stop as a next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle in constrained MSSM
Huitu, Katri; Leinonen, Lasse; Laamanen, Jari
2011-10-01
So far the squarks have not been detected at the LHC indicating that they are heavier than a few hundred GeVs, if they exist. The lighter stop can be considerably lighter than the other squarks. We study the possibility that a supersymmetric partner of the top quark, stop, is the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle in the constrained supersymmetric standard model. Various constraints, on top of the mass limits, are taken into an account, and the allowed parameter space for this scenario is determined. Observing stop which is the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle at the LHC may be difficult.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aleixo, A. N. F.; Balantekin, A. B.
2014-08-01
We consider the minimal bosonization realization of supersymmetric shape-invariant systems where generalized supercharge operators are constructed using the partner supersymmetric operators, the parameter potential translation formalism and the reflection operator. We obtain the solution of the eigenvalue equation and study the quantum dynamics of the supersymmetric system including terms in the Hamiltonian which are constructed using the combination of the bosonized supercharge operators. The connections between the bosonized supersymmetric formalism, the Bose-Fermi transformation and the generalization of the R-deformed Heisenberg algebra are discussed. As an illustration, we apply the generalized formalism for the case of the trigonometric Rosen-Morse potential.
Search for dark photons from supersymmetric hidden valleys.
Abazov, V M; Abbott, B; Abolins, M; Acharya, B S; Adams, M; Adams, T; Aguilo, E; Ahsan, M; Alexeev, G D; Alkhazov, G; Alton, A; Alverson, G; Alves, G A; Ancu, L S; Andeen, T; Anzelc, M S; Aoki, M; Arnoud, Y; Arov, M; Arthaud, M; Askew, A; Asman, B; Atramentov, O; Avila, C; BackusMayes, J; Badaud, F; Bagby, L; Baldin, B; Bandurin, D V; Banerjee, S; Barberis, E; Barfuss, A-F; Bargassa, P; Baringer, P; Barreto, J; Bartlett, J F; Bassler, U; Bauer, D; Beale, S; Bean, A; Begalli, M; Begel, M; Belanger-Champagne, C; Bellantoni, L; Bellavance, A; Benitez, J A; Beri, S B; Bernardi, G; Bernhard, R; Bertram, I; Besançon, M; Beuselinck, R; Bezzubov, V A; Bhat, P C; Bhatnagar, V; Blazey, G; Blessing, S; Bloom, K; Boehnlein, A; Boline, D; Bolton, T A; Boos, E E; Borissov, G; Bose, T; Brandt, A; Brock, R; Brooijmans, G; Bross, A; Brown, D; Bu, X B; Buchholz, D; Buehler, M; Buescher, V; Bunichev, V; Burdin, S; Burnett, T H; Buszello, C P; Calfayan, P; Calpas, B; Calvet, S; Cammin, J; Carrasco-Lizarraga, M A; Carrera, E; Carvalho, W; Casey, B C K; Castilla-Valdez, H; Chakrabarti, S; Chakraborty, D; Chan, K M; Chandra, A; Cheu, E; Cho, D K; Choi, S; Choudhary, B; Christoudias, T; Cihangir, S; Claes, D; Clutter, J; Cooke, M; Cooper, W E; Corcoran, M; Couderc, F; Cousinou, M-C; Crépé-Renaudin, S; Cuplov, V; Cutts, D; Cwiok, M; Das, A; Davies, G; De, K; de Jong, S J; De La Cruz-Burelo, E; DeVaughan, K; Déliot, F; Demarteau, M; Demina, R; Denisov, D; Denisov, S P; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Diesburg, M; Dominguez, A; Dorland, T; Dubey, A; Dudko, L V; Duflot, L; Duggan, D; Duperrin, A; Dutt, S; Dyshkant, A; Eads, M; Edmunds, D; Ellison, J; Elvira, V D; Enari, Y; Eno, S; Ermolov, P; Escalier, M; Evans, H; Evdokimov, A; Evdokimov, V N; Facini, G; Ferapontov, A V; Ferbel, T; Fiedler, F; Filthaut, F; Fisher, W; Fisk, H E; Fortner, M; Fox, H; Fu, S; Fuess, S; Gadfort, T; Galea, C F; Garcia-Bellido, A; Gavrilov, V; Gay, P; Geist, W; Geng, W; Gerber, C E; Gershtein, Y; Gillberg, D; Ginther, G; Gómez, B; Goussiou, A; Grannis, P D; Greder, S; Greenlee, H; Greenwood, Z D; Gregores, E M; Grenier, G; Gris, Ph; Grivaz, J-F; Grohsjean, A; Grünendahl, S; Grünewald, M W; Guo, F; Guo, J; Gutierrez, G; Gutierrez, P; Haas, A; Hadley, N J; Haefner, P; Hagopian, S; Haley, J; Hall, I; Hall, R E; Han, L; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hauptman, J M; Hays, J; Hebbeker, T; Hedin, D; Hegeman, J G; Heinson, A P; Heintz, U; Hensel, C; Heredia-De La Cruz, I; Herner, K; Hesketh, G; Hildreth, M D; Hirosky, R; Hoang, T; Hobbs, J D; Hoeneisen, B; Hohlfeld, M; Hossain, S; Houben, P; Hu, Y; Hubacek, Z; Huske, N; Hynek, V; Iashvili, I; Illingworth, R; Ito, A S; Jabeen, S; Jaffré, M; Jain, S; Jakobs, K; Jamin, D; Jarvis, C; Jesik, R; Johns, K; Johnson, C; Johnson, M; Johnston, D; Jonckheere, A; Jonsson, P; Juste, A; Kajfasz, E; Karmanov, D; Kasper, P A; Katsanos, I; Kaushik, V; Kehoe, R; Kermiche, S; Khalatyan, N; Khanov, A; Kharchilava, A; Kharzheev, Y N; Khatidze, D; Kim, T J; Kirby, M H; Kirsch, M; Klima, B; Kohli, J M; Konrath, J-P; Kozelov, A V; Kraus, J; Kuhl, T; Kumar, A; Kupco, A; Kurca, T; Kuzmin, V A; Kvita, J; Lacroix, F; Lam, D; Lammers, S; Landsberg, G; Lebrun, P; Lee, W M; Leflat, A; Lellouch, J; Li, J; Li, L; Li, Q Z; Lietti, S M; Lim, J K; Lincoln, D; Linnemann, J; Lipaev, V V; Lipton, R; Liu, Y; Liu, Z; Lobodenko, A; Lokajicek, M; Love, P; Lubatti, H J; Luna-Garcia, R; Lyon, A L; Maciel, A K A; Mackin, D; Mättig, P; Magerkurth, A; Mal, P K; Malbouisson, H B; Malik, S; Malyshev, V L; Maravin, Y; Martin, B; McCarthy, R; McGivern, C L; Meijer, M M; Melnitchouk, A; Mendoza, L; Menezes, D; Mercadante, P G; Merkin, M; Merritt, K W; Meyer, A; Meyer, J; Mitrevski, J; Mommsen, R K; Mondal, N K; Moore, R W; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Mulhearn, M; Mundal, O; Mundim, L; Nagy, E; Naimuddin, M; Narain, M; Neal, H A; Negret, J P; Neustroev, P; Nilsen, H; Nogima, H; Novaes, S F; Nunnemann, T; Obrant, G; Ochando, C; Onoprienko, D; Orduna, J; Oshima, N; Osman, N; Osta, J; Otec, R; Otero y Garzón, G J; Owen, M; Padilla, M; 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Sonnenschein, L; Sopczak, A; Sosebee, M; Soustruznik, K; Spurlock, B; Stark, J; Stolin, V; Stoyanova, D A; Strandberg, J; Strandberg, S; Strang, M A; Strauss, E; Strauss, M; Ströhmer, R; Strom, D; Stutte, L; Sumowidagdo, S; Svoisky, P; Takahashi, M; Tanasijczuk, A; Taylor, W; Tiller, B; Tissandier, F; Titov, M; Tokmenin, V V; Torchiani, I; Tsybychev, D; Tuchming, B; Tully, C; Tuts, P M; Unalan, R; Uvarov, L; Uvarov, S; Uzunyan, S; Vachon, B; van den Berg, P J; Van Kooten, R; van Leeuwen, W M; Varelas, N; Varnes, E W; Vasilyev, I A; Verdier, P; Vertogradov, L S; Verzocchi, M; Vilanova, D; Vint, P; Vokac, P; Voutilainen, M; Wagner, R; Wahl, H D; Wang, M H L S; Warchol, J; Watts, G; Wayne, M; Weber, G; Weber, M; Welty-Rieger, L; Wenger, A; Wetstein, M; White, A; Wicke, D; Williams, M R J; Wilson, G W; Wimpenny, S J; Wobisch, M; Wood, D R; Wyatt, T R; Xie, Y; Xu, C; Yacoob, S; Yamada, R; Yang, W-C; Yasuda, T; Yatsunenko, Y A; Ye, Z; Yin, H; Yip, K; Yoo, H D; Youn, S W; Yu, J; Zeitnitz, C; Zelitch, S; Zhao, T; Zhou, B; Zhu, J; Zielinski, M; Zieminska, D; Zivkovic, L; Zutshi, V; Zverev, E G
2009-08-21
We search for a new light gauge boson, a dark photon, with the D0 experiment. In the model we consider, supersymmetric partners are pair produced and cascade to the lightest neutralinos that can decay into the hidden sector state plus either a photon or a dark photon. The dark photon decays through its mixing with a photon into fermion pairs. We therefore investigate a previously unexplored final state that contains a photon, two spatially close leptons, and large missing transverse energy. We do not observe any evidence for dark photons and set a limit on their production. PMID:19792716
Solution of second order supersymmetrical intertwining relations in Minkowski plane
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ioffe, M. V.; Kolevatova, E. V.; Nishnianidze, D. N.
2016-08-01
Supersymmetrical (SUSY) intertwining relations are generalized to the case of quantum Hamiltonians in Minkowski space. For intertwining operators (supercharges) of second order in derivatives, the intertwined Hamiltonians correspond to completely integrable systems with the symmetry operators of fourth order in momenta. In terms of components, the intertwining relations correspond to the system of nonlinear differential equations which are solvable with the simplest—constant—ansatzes for the "metric" matrix in second order part of the supercharges. The corresponding potentials are built explicitly both for diagonalizable and nondiagonalizable form of "metric" matrices, and their properties are discussed.
New type of N = 4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Ivanov, Evgeny; Sidorov, Stepan
2014-07-23
We overview a new type of supersymmetric quantum mechanics models based on the worldline realizations of the supergroup SU(2|1). Our main focus is on the models associated with the chiral multiplets (2,4,2). Considering two nonequivalent deformations of the standard N = 4, d = 1 superspace, we define the relevant chiral superfields and construct their SU(2|1) invariant actions. We give off- and on-shell descriptions of these models and perform their quantization. The basic peculiarities of such models and interrelations between them are briefly discussed.
Vacuum fluctuations in a supersymmetric model in FRW spacetime
Bilic, Neven
2011-05-15
We study a noninteracting supersymmetric model in an expanding FRW spacetime. A soft supersymmetry breaking induces a nonzero contribution to the vacuum energy density. A short distance cutoff of the order of Planck length provides a scale for the vacuum energy density comparable with the observed cosmological constant. Assuming the presence of a dark energy substance in addition to the vacuum fluctuations of the field, an effective equation of state is derived in a self-consistent approach. The effective equation of state is sensitive to the choice of the cutoff but no fine-tuning is needed.
Sine-square deformation and supersymmetric quantum mechanics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Okunishi, Kouichi; Katsura, Hosho
2015-11-01
We investigate the sine-square deformation (SSD) of free fermions in one-dimensional continuous space. On the basis of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we prove the correspondence between the many-body ground state of the system with SSD and that of the uniform system with periodic boundary conditions. We also discuss the connection between the SSD in the continuous space and its lattice version, where the geometric correction due to the real-space deformation plays an important role in relating the eigenstates of the lattice SSD with those of the continuous SSD.
Electroweak baryogenesis in the exceptional supersymmetric standard model
Chao, Wei
2015-08-28
We study electroweak baryogenesis in the E{sub 6} inspired exceptional supersymmetric standard model (E{sub 6}SSM). The relaxation coefficients driven by singlinos and the new gaugino as well as the transport equation of the Higgs supermultiplet number density in the E{sub 6}SSM are calculated. Our numerical simulation shows that both CP-violating source terms from singlinos and the new gaugino can solely give rise to a correct baryon asymmetry of the Universe via the electroweak baryogenesis mechanism.
Baby Skyrme model, near-BPS approximations, and supersymmetric extensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bolognesi, S.; Zakrzewski, W.
2015-02-01
We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this, a near-BPS approximation can be used when there is a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with N =1 and the particular ones with extended N =2 supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.
Quantum cohomology and quantum hydrodynamics from supersymmetric quiver gauge theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bonelli, Giulio; Sciarappa, Antonio; Tanzini, Alessandro; Vasko, Petr
2016-11-01
We study the connection between N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories, quantum cohomology and quantum integrable systems of hydrodynamic type. We consider gauge theories on ALE spaces of A and D-type and discuss how they describe the quantum cohomology of the corresponding Nakajima's quiver varieties. We also discuss how the exact evaluation of local BPS observables in the gauge theory can be used to calculate the spectrum of quantum Hamiltonians of spin Calogero integrable systems and spin Intermediate Long Wave hydrodynamics. This is explicitly obtained by a Bethe Ansatz Equation provided by the quiver gauge theory in terms of its adjacency matrix.
Flipped version of the supersymmetric strongly coupled preon model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fajfer, S.; Mileković, M.; Tadić, D.
1989-12-01
In the supersymmetric SU(5) [SUSY SU(5)] composite model (which was described in an earlier paper) the fermion mass terms can be easily constructed. The SUSY SU(5)⊗U(1), i.e., flipped, composite model possesses a completely analogous composite-particle spectrum. However, in that model one cannot construct a renormalizable superpotential which would generate fermion mass terms. This contrasts with the standard noncomposite grand unified theories (GUT's) in which both the Georgi-Glashow electrical charge embedding and its flipped counterpart lead to the renormalizable theories.
All the supersymmetric configurations of N=4, d=4 supergravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bellorín, Jorge; Ortín, Tomás
2005-10-01
All the supersymmetric configurations of pure, ungauged, N=4, d=4 supergravity are classified in a formalism that keeps manifest the S and T dualities of the theory. We also find simple equations that need to be satisfied by the configurations to be classical solutions of the theory. While the solutions associated to null Killing vectors were essentially classified by Tod (a classification that we refine), we find new configurations and solutions associated to timelike Killing vectors that do not satisfy Tod's rigidity hypothesis (hence, they have a nontrivial U(1) connection) and whose supersymmetry projector is associated to 1-dimensional objects (strings), although they have a trivial axion field.
Bosonic condensates in realistic supersymmetric GUT cosmic strings
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Allys, Erwan
2016-04-01
We study the realistic structure of F-term Nambu-Goto cosmic strings forming in a general supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory implementation, assuming standard hybrid inflation. Examining the symmetry breaking of the unification gauge group down to the Standard Model, we discuss the minimal field content necessary to describe abelian cosmic strings appearing at the end of inflation. We find that several fields will condense in most theories, questioning the plausible occurrence of associated currents (bosonic and fermionic). We perturbatively evaluate the modification of their energy per unit length due to the condensates. We provide a criterion for comparing the usual abelian Higgs approximation used in cosmology to realistic situations.
Quantum supersymmetric FRW cosmology with a scalar field
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ramírez, C.; Vázquez-Báez, V.
2016-02-01
We analyze the quantum supersymmetric cosmological Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model with a scalar field, with a conditional probability density and the scalar field identified as time. The Hilbert space has a spinorial structure and there is only one consistent solution, with a conserved probability density. The dynamics of the scale factor is obtained from its mean value. The uncertainty relations are fulfilled and the corresponding fluctuations are consistent with a semiclassical Universe. We give two examples which turn out to have negative potential.
Localization properties in one-dimensional disordered supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Comtet, A.; Desbois, J.; Monthus, C. |
1995-05-01
A model of localization based on the Witten Hamiltonian of supersymmetric quantum mechanics is considered. The case where the superpotential {phi}({ital x}) is a random telegraph process is solved exactly. Both the localization length and the density of states are obtained analytically. A detailed study of the low energy behaviour is presented. Analytical and numerical results are presented in the case where the intervals over which {phi}({ital x}) is kept constant are distributed according to a broad distribution. Various applications of this model are considered. {copyright} 1995 Academic Press, Inc.
A MODEL FOR THE NON-UNIVERSAL POWER LAW OF THE SOLAR WIND SUB-ION-SCALE MAGNETIC SPECTRUM
Passot, T.; Sulem, P. L. E-mail: sulem@oca.eu
2015-10-20
A phenomenological turbulence model for kinetic Alfvén waves in a magnetized collisionless plasma that is able to reproduce the non-universal power-law spectra observed at the sub-ion scales in the solar wind and the terrestrial magnetosphere is presented. The process of temperature homogenization along distorted magnetic field lines, induced by Landau damping, affects the turbulence transfer time and results in a steepening of the sub-ion power-law spectrum of critically balanced turbulence, whose exponent is sensitive to the ratio between the Alfvén wave period and the nonlinear timescale. Transition from large-scale weak turbulence to smaller scale strong turbulence is captured and nonlocal interactions, relevant in the case of steep spectra, are accounted for.
Contraction-based classification of supersymmetric extensions of kinematical lie algebras
Campoamor-Stursberg, R.; Rausch de Traubenberg, M.
2010-02-15
We study supersymmetric extensions of classical kinematical algebras from the point of view of contraction theory. It is shown that contracting the supersymmetric extension of the anti-de Sitter algebra leads to a hierarchy similar in structure to the classical Bacry-Levy-Leblond classification.
Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory: The Story of N = 4 Yang-Mills Theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brink, Lars
The following sections are included: * History * Dual Models * Supersymmetric Field Theories and Supergravity * Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theories * The Light-Cone Gauge Formulation of N = 4 Yang-Mills Theory * The Perturbative Finiteness N = 4 Yang-Mills Theory * References
Confining strings in supersymmetric theories with Higgs branches
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shifman, M.; Tallarita, Gianni; Yung, Alexei
2015-03-01
We study flux tubes (strings) on the Higgs branches in supersymmetric gauge theories. In generic vacua on the Higgs branches, strings were shown to develop long-range "tails" associated with massless fields, a characteristic feature of the Higgs branch (the only exception is the vacuum at the base of the Higgs branch). A natural infrared regularization for the above tails is provided by a finite string length L . We perform a numerical study of these strings in generic vacua. We focus on the simplest example of strings in N =1 supersymmetric QED with the Fayet-Iliopoulos term. In particular, we examine the accuracy of a logarithmic approximation (proposed earlier by Evlampiev and Yung) for the tension of such string solutions. In the Evlampiev-Yung formula, the dependence of tension on the string length is logarithmic, and the dependence on the geodesic length from the base of the Higgs branch is quadratic. We observe a remarkable agreement of our numerical results for the string tension with the Evlampiev-Yung analytic expression.
Supersymmetric axion grand unified theories and their predictions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Co, Raymond T.; D'Eramo, Francesco; Hall, Lawrence J.
2016-10-01
We introduce a class of unified supersymmetric axion theories with unified and Peccei-Quinn (PQ) symmetries broken by the same set of fields at a scale ˜2 ×1 016 GeV . A typical domain wall number of order 30 leads to an axion decay constant fa of order 1 015 GeV . Inflation generates a large saxion condensate, giving a reheat temperature TR below the QCD scale for supersymmetry breaking of order 1-10 TeV. Axion field oscillations commence in the saxion matter-dominated era near the QCD scale, and recent lattice computations of the temperature dependence of the axion mass in this era allow a controlled calculation of the axion dark matter abundance. The observed abundance can be successfully explained by an initial axion misalignment angle of order unity, θi˜1 . A highly correlated set of predictions is discussed for fa, TR, the supersymmetric Higgs mass parameter μ , the amount of dark radiation Δ Neff, the proton decay rate Γ (p →e+π0), isocurvature density perturbations and the B mode of the cosmic microwave background. The last two are particularly interesting when the energy scale of inflation is also of order 1 016 GeV .
The geometry of supermanifolds and new supersymmetric actions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Castellani, L.; Catenacci, R.; Grassi, P. A.
2015-10-01
This is the first of two papers in which we construct the Hodge dual for supermanifolds by means of the Grassmannian Fourier transform of superforms. In this paper we introduce the fundamental concepts and a method for computing Hodge duals in simple cases. We refer to a subsequent publication [12] for a more general approach and the required mathematical details. In the case of supermanifolds it is known that superforms are not sufficient to construct a consistent integration theory and that integral forms are needed. They are distribution-like forms which can be integrated on supermanifolds as a top form can be integrated on a conventional manifold. In our construction of the Hodge dual of superforms they arise naturally. The compatibility between Hodge duality and supersymmetry is exploited and applied to several examples. We define the irreducible representations of supersymmetry in terms of integral and super forms in a new way which can be easily generalized to several models in different dimensions. The construction of supersymmetric actions based on the Hodge duality is presented and new supersymmetric actions with higher derivative terms are found. These terms are required by the invertibility of the Hodge operator.
Novel symmetries in N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical models
Malik, R.P.; Khare, Avinash
2013-07-15
We demonstrate the existence of a novel set of discrete symmetries in the context of the N=2 supersymmetric (SUSY) quantum mechanical model with a potential function f(x) that is a generalization of the potential of the 1D SUSY harmonic oscillator. We perform the same exercise for the motion of a charged particle in the X–Y plane under the influence of a magnetic field in the Z-direction. We derive the underlying algebra of the existing continuous symmetry transformations (and corresponding conserved charges) and establish its relevance to the algebraic structures of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. We show that the discrete symmetry transformations of our present general theories correspond to the Hodge duality operation. Ultimately, we conjecture that any arbitrary N=2 SUSY quantum mechanical system can be shown to be a tractable model for the Hodge theory. -- Highlights: •Discrete symmetries of two completely different kinds of N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical models have been discussed. •The discrete symmetries provide physical realizations of Hodge duality. •The continuous symmetries provide the physical realizations of de Rham cohomological operators. •Our work sheds a new light on the meaning of the above abstract operators.
Consistent Perturbative Fixed Point Calculations in QCD and Supersymmetric QCD.
Ryttov, Thomas A
2016-08-12
We suggest how to consistently calculate the anomalous dimension γ_{*} of the ψ[over ¯]ψ operator in finite order perturbation theory at an infrared fixed point for asymptotically free theories. If the n+1 loop beta function and n loop anomalous dimension are known, then γ_{*} can be calculated exactly and fully scheme independently in a Banks-Zaks expansion through O(Δ_{f}^{n}), where Δ_{f}=N[over ¯]_{f}-N_{f}, N_{f} is the number of flavors, and N[over ¯]_{f} is the number of flavors above which asymptotic freedom is lost. For a supersymmetric theory, the calculation preserves supersymmetry order by order in Δ_{f}. We then compute γ_{*} through O(Δ_{f}^{2}) for supersymmetric QCD in the dimensional reduction scheme and find that it matches the exact known result. We find that γ_{*} is astonishingly well described in perturbation theory already at the few loops level throughout the entire conformal window. We finally compute γ_{*} through O(Δ_{f}^{3}) for QCD and a variety of other nonsupersymmetric fermionic gauge theories. Small values of γ_{*} are observed for a large range of flavors. PMID:27563948
R -parity conserving supersymmetric extension of the Zee model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kanemura, Shinya; Shindou, Tetsuo; Sugiyama, Hiroaki
2015-12-01
We extend the Zee model, where tiny neutrino masses are generated at the one-loop level, to a supersymmetric model with R -parity conservation. It is found that the neutrino mass matrix can be consistent with the neutrino oscillation data thanks to the nonholomorphic Yukawa interaction generated via one-loop diagrams of sleptons. We find a parameter set of the model, where in addition to the neutrino oscillation data, experimental constraints from the lepton flavor violating decays of charged leptons and current LHC data are also satisfied. In the parameter set, an additional C P -even neutral Higgs boson other than the standard-model-like one, a C P -odd neutral Higgs boson, and two charged scalar bosons are light enough to be produced at the LHC and future lepton colliders. If the lightest charged scalar bosons are mainly composed of the SU (2 )L-singlet scalar boson in the model, they would decay into e ν and μ ν with 50% of a branching ratio for each. In such a case, the relation among the masses of the charged scalar bosons and the C P -odd Higgs in the minimal supersymmetric standard model approximately holds with a radiative correction. Our model can be tested by measuring the specific decay patterns of charged scalar bosons and the discriminative mass spectrum of additional scalar bosons.
Fate of supersymmetric flat directions and their role in reheating
Olive, Keith A.; Peloso, Marco
2006-11-15
We consider the role of supersymmetric flat directions in reheating the Universe after inflation. One or more flat directions can develop large vevs during inflation, which can potentially affect reheating by slowing down scattering processes among inflaton decay products or by coming to dominate the energy density of the Universe. Both effects occur only if flat directions are sufficiently long-lived. The computation of their perturbative decay rate, and a simple estimate of their nonperturbative decay have led to the conclusion that this is indeed the case. In contrast, we show that flat directions can decay quickly through nonperturbative channels in realistic models. The mass matrix for minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) excitations around flat directions has nondiagonal entries, which vary with the phase of the (complex) flat directions. The quasiperiodic motion of the flat directions results in a strong parametric resonance, leading to the rapid depletion of the flat direction within its first few rotations. This may preclude any significant role for the flat directions in reheating the Universe after inflation in models in which the inflaton decays perturbatively.
Update on the direct detection of supersymmetric dark matter
Ellis, John; Olive, Keith A.; Spanos, Vassilis C.; Santoso, Yudi
2005-05-01
We compare updated predictions for the elastic scattering of supersymmetric neutralino dark matter with the improved experimental upper limit recently published by Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) II. We take into account the possibility that the {pi}-nucleon {sigma} term may be somewhat larger than was previously considered plausible, as may be supported by the masses of exotic baryons reported recently. We also incorporate the new central value of m{sub t}, which affects indirectly constraints on the supersymmetric parameter space, for example, via calculations of the relic density. Even if a large value of {sigma} is assumed, the CDMS II data currently exclude only small parts of the parameter space in the constrained minimal standard model (CMSSM) with universal soft supersymmetry-breaking Higgs, squark, and slepton masses. None of the previously proposed CMSSM benchmark scenarios is excluded for any value of {sigma}, and the CDMS II data do not impinge on the domains of the CMSSM parameter space favored at the 90% confidence level in a recent likelihood analysis. However, some models with nonuniversal Higgs, squark, and slepton masses and neutralino masses < or approx. 700 GeV are excluded by the CDMS II data.
Consistent Perturbative Fixed Point Calculations in QCD and Supersymmetric QCD
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ryttov, Thomas A.
2016-08-01
We suggest how to consistently calculate the anomalous dimension γ* of the ψ ¯ ψ operator in finite order perturbation theory at an infrared fixed point for asymptotically free theories. If the n +1 loop beta function and n loop anomalous dimension are known, then γ* can be calculated exactly and fully scheme independently in a Banks-Zaks expansion through O (Δfn) , where Δf=N¯ f-Nf , Nf is the number of flavors, and N¯f is the number of flavors above which asymptotic freedom is lost. For a supersymmetric theory, the calculation preserves supersymmetry order by order in Δf. We then compute γ* through O (Δf2) for supersymmetric QCD in the dimensional reduction scheme and find that it matches the exact known result. We find that γ* is astonishingly well described in perturbation theory already at the few loops level throughout the entire conformal window. We finally compute γ* through O (Δf3) for QCD and a variety of other nonsupersymmetric fermionic gauge theories. Small values of γ* are observed for a large range of flavors.
Supersymmetric sigma model of disordered, isotropic, elastic media
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Photiadis, Douglas
The supersymmetry method proposed by Efetov in 1983 has been enormously successful at describing a broad range of phenomena involving disorder, providing a framework for understanding and going beyond the successes of random matrix theory and allowing a calculation of the slowing of diffusion as the Anderson transition is approached. The original model described the propagation of a scalar wave in a disordered medium, and subsequent work extended these ideas to classical waves, optical or elastic, with the approximation that the wave propagation can be similarly described by a scalar theory. Such a theory cannot however account correctly for scattering between different polarizations. A direct attempt to derive a supersymmetric model describing elastic waves results in a non-renormalizable field theory, and poses substantial difficulties. We have obtained a supersymmetric sigma model by considering the dual model which describes a generalized superstress field. The model enables one to fully account for the different wave types and polarizations in the medium. We will present our recent results in this area, including model predictions for the obtained diffusion constants, and the effects of renormalization to first order. This research was funded by the Office of Naval Research.
Explanation of the masses of quarks and leptons in a supersymmetric preon model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, Jongbae
1998-10-01
We have studied whether the radiative effects including gauge and Yukawa interaction corrections can improve the phenomenological consequences on the masses of quarks and leptons in the supersymmetric preon model. Our study shows that pure renormalization effects in the region from the metacolour scale to the electroweak scale produce quark-lepton distinction within a given family. They cannot, however, produce the desired up-down distinction or the expected quark-lepton asymmetry in the effective hierarchy parameter 0954-3899/24/10/006/img1 of the up, down and lepton sectors. It also shows that the pure radiative corrections cannot explain the `fine structure' effects exhibited by 0954-3899/24/10/006/img2. These lead us to conclude that the symmetry structure of the preon theory cannot strictly respect left-right, up-down and quark-lepton symmetries near and below the Planck scale. This subsequently implies the 0954-3899/24/10/006/img3 symmetry both as regards unification of couplings near the Planck scale in the model and as regards its possible origin from a superstring theory.
Perturbative unification of gauge couplings in supersymmetric E6 models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cho, Gi-Chol; Maru, Nobuhito; Yotsutani, Kaho
2016-07-01
We study gauge coupling unification in supersymmetric (SUSY) E6 models where an additional U(1)‧ gauge symmetry is broken near the TeV scale and a number of exotic matter fields from the 27 representations have O(TeV) mass. Solving the two-loop renormalization group equations (RGE) of gauge couplings and a kinetic mixing coupling between the U(1)‧ and U(1)Y gauge fields, we find that the gauge couplings fall into the non-perturbative regime below the grand unified theories (GUT) scale. We examine threshold corrections on the running of gauge couplings from both light and heavy ( ˜ GUT scale) particles and show constraints on the size of corrections to achieve the perturbative unification of gauge couplings.
Bosonic structure of realistic SO(10) supersymmetric cosmic strings
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Allys, Erwan
2016-05-01
We study the bosonic structure of F -term Nambu-Goto cosmic strings forming in a realistic SO(10) implementation, assuming standard hybrid inflation. We describe the supersymmetric grand unified theory, and its spontaneous symmetry breaking scheme in parallel with the inflationary process. We also write the explicit tensor formulation of its scalar sector, focusing on the subrepresentations singlet under the standard model, which is sufficient to describe the string structure. We then introduce an ansatz for Abelian cosmic strings, discussing in details the hypothesis, and write down the field equations and boundary conditions. Finally, after doing a perturbative study of the model, we present and discuss the results obtained with numerical solutions of the string structure.
Deformation of supersymmetric and conformal quantum mechanics through affine transformations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Spiridonov, Vyacheslav
Affine transformations (dilatations and translations) are used to define a deformation of one-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Resulting physical systems do not have conserved charges and degeneracies in the spectra. Instead, superpartner Hamiltonians are q-isospectral, i.e. the spectrum of one can be obtained from another (with possible exception of the lowest level) by q(sup 2)-factor scaling. This construction allows easily to rederive a special self-similar potential found by Shabat and to show that for the latter a q-deformed harmonic oscillator algebra of Biedenharn and Macfarlane serves as the spectrum generating algebra. A general class of potentials related to the quantum conformal algebra su(sub q)(1,1) is described. Further possibilities for q-deformation of known solvable potentials are outlined.
A free N = 2 supersymmetric system: Novel symmetries
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Krishna, S.; Malik, R. P.
2015-02-01
We discuss a set of novel discrete symmetries of a free N= 2 supersymmetric (SUSY) quantum-mechanical system which is the limiting case of a widely studied interacting SUSY model of a charged particle constrained to move on a sphere in the background of a Dirac magnetic monopole. The usual continuous symmetries of this model provide the physical realization of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. The interplay between the novel discrete symmetries and usual continuous symmetries leads to the physical realization of the relationship between the (co-)exterior derivatives of differential geometry. We have also exploited the supervariable approach to derive the nilpotent N=2 SUSY symmetries of the theory and provided the geometrical origin and interpretation for the nilpotency property. Ultimately, our present study (based on innate symmetries) proves that our free N = 2 SUSY example is a tractable model for the Hodge theory.
BPS pion domain walls in the supersymmetric chiral Lagrangian
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gudnason, Sven Bjarke; Nitta, Muneto; Sasaki, Shin
2016-07-01
We construct exact solutions of BPS pion domain walls in the four-dimensional N =1 supersymmetric S U (N ) chiral Lagrangian with pion masses introduced via linear and quadratic superpotentials. The model admits N discrete vacua in the center of S U (N ) for the linear superpotential. In addition to the latter, new vacua appear for the quadratic superpotential. We find that the domain wall solutions of pions (Nambu-Goldstone bosons) that interpolate between a pair of (pion) vacua preserve half of supersymmetry. Contrary to our expectations, we have not been able to find domain walls involving the quasi-Nambu-Goldstone bosons present in the theory, which in turn has the consequence that not all vacua of the theory are connected by a BPS domain wall solution.
Emergent space-time and the supersymmetric index
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Benjamin, Nathan; Kachru, Shamit; Keller, Christoph A.; Paquette, Natalie M.
2016-05-01
It is of interest to find criteria on a 2d CFT which indicate that it gives rise to emergent gravity in a macroscopic 3d AdS space via holography. Symmetric orbifolds in the large N limit have partition functions which are consistent with an emergent space-time string theory with L string ˜ L AdS. For supersymmetric CFTs, the elliptic genus can serve as a sensitive probe of whether the SCFT admits a large radius gravity description with L string ≪ L AdS after one deforms away from the symmetric orbifold point in moduli space. We discuss several classes of constructions whose elliptic genera strongly hint that gravity with L Planck ≪ L string ≪ L AdS can emerge at suitable points in moduli space.
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics and Painlevé equations
Bermudez, David; Fernández C, David J.
2014-01-08
In these lecture notes we shall study first the supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM), specially when applied to the harmonic and radial oscillators. In addition, we will define the polynomial Heisenberg algebras (PHA), and we will study the general systems ruled by them: for zero and first order we obtain the harmonic and radial oscillators, respectively; for second and third order the potential is determined by solutions to Painlevé IV (PIV) and Painlevé V (PV) equations. Taking advantage of this connection, later on we will find solutions to PIV and PV equations expressed in terms of confluent hypergeometric functions. Furthermore, we will classify them into several solution hierarchies, according to the specific special functions they are connected with.
Distorted mass edges at LHC from supersymmetric leptoquarks
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Reuter, Jürgen; Wiesler, Daniel
2011-07-01
Supersymmetric (SUSY) grand unified theories based on exceptional gauge groups such as E6 have recently triggered a lot of interest. Aside from top-down motivations, they contain phenomenologically interesting states with leptoquark quantum numbers. Their SUSY partners, leptoquarkinos, will appear similar to all R-odd particles in decay cascades, but mass edges in kinematic distributions—originating from the same semiexclusive final states—will however have major differences to the corresponding edges of ordinary squarks. This distortion of standard observables bears the opportunity to detect them at the LHC, but may also pose significant confusion of underlying model assumptions, which should be handled with care and, if interpreted falsely, might even prevent a possible discovery.
Nucleon electric dipole moments in high-scale supersymmetric models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hisano, Junji; Kobayashi, Daiki; Kuramoto, Wataru; Kuwahara, Takumi
2015-11-01
The electric dipole moments (EDMs) of electron and nucleons are promising probes of the new physics. In generic high-scale supersymmetric (SUSY) scenarios such as models based on mixture of the anomaly and gauge mediations, gluino has an additional contribution to the nucleon EDMs. In this paper, we studied the effect of the CP -violating gluon Weinberg operator induced by the gluino chromoelectric dipole moment in the high-scale SUSY scenarios, and we evaluated the nucleon and electron EDMs in the scenarios. We found that in the generic high-scale SUSY models, the nucleon EDMs may receive the sizable contribution from the Weinberg operator. Thus, it is important to compare the nucleon EDMs with the electron one in order to discriminate among the high-scale SUSY models.
Light Higgs boson scenario in the supersymmetric seesaw model
Asano, Masaki; Kubo, Takayuki; Matsumoto, Shigeki; Senami, Masato
2009-11-01
It is demonstrated that the light Higgs boson scenario, in which the lightest Higgs mass is less than the LEP bound, m{sub h}>114.4 GeV, is consistent with the supersymmetric seesaw model. With the assumptions of the universal right-handed neutrino mass and the hierarchical mass spectrum of the ordinary neutrinos, the bounds for the right-handed neutrino mass are investigated in terms of lepton flavor violating charged lepton decays. We also discuss the effect of the modification of renormalization group equations by the right-handed neutrinos on the b{yields}s{gamma} process and the relic abundance of dark matter in the light Higgs boson scenario.
Deformation of supersymmetric and conformal quantum mechanics through affine transformations
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Spiridonov, Vyacheslav
1993-01-01
Affine transformations (dilatations and translations) are used to define a deformation of one-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Resulting physical systems do not have conserved charges and degeneracies in the spectra. Instead, superpartner Hamiltonians are q-isospectral, i.e. the spectrum of one can be obtained from another (with possible exception of the lowest level) by q(sup 2)-factor scaling. This construction allows easily to rederive a special self-similar potential found by Shabat and to show that for the latter a q-deformed harmonic oscillator algebra of Biedenharn and Macfarlane serves as the spectrum generating algebra. A general class of potentials related to the quantum conformal algebra su(sub q)(1,1) is described. Further possibilities for q-deformation of known solvable potentials are outlined.
Hadronic uncertainties in the elastic scattering of supersymmetric dark matter
Ellis, John; Olive, Keith A.; Savage, Christopher
2008-03-15
We review the uncertainties in the spin-independent and spin-dependent elastic scattering cross sections of supersymmetric dark matter particles on protons and neutrons. We propagate the uncertainties in quark masses and hadronic matrix elements that are related to the {pi}-nucleon {sigma} term and the spin content of the nucleon. By far the largest single uncertainty is that in spin-independent scattering induced by our ignorance of the
Investigation of Supersymmetric Left-Right Theories of Electroweak Interactions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gangopadhyaya, Asim
We studied supergravity induced radiative breaking of SU(,R)(2)XU(1) group in left-right symmetric theories of electroweak interactions. We find that in order to have a minimum that breaks SU(,R)(2)XU(1) symmetry leaving SU(,L)(2) intact, the parity has to be broken at a scale much above the Tev region. We show that if a parity odd singlet is introduced in the theory that picks up VEV at superheavy scale then SU(,R)(2)XU(1) group breaks down radiatively via a nonzero VEV acquired by right handed s-neutrino. We analyse the resulting mass spectrum of charged and neutral fermions and find that theory does allow two low mass fermionic states that are predominantly tau lepton and the corresponding neutrino. Then calculating the K(,L)-K(,S) mass difference we find that supersymmetric contributions negate a well known constraint on right handed mass scale (M(,W(,R)) > 1.6TeV). This implies that left-right theories could be a nontrivial alternative to standard model at low energies. We prescribed a method of deriving renormalisation group equations (RGE) in explicitely broken supersymmetric theories using fully superspace methods. We claim that, to study the divergence structure of the theory efficiently, all supersymmetry breaking terms should be written in D -type form. Since calculating the divergent part is much easier in supergraphs than in component language, our prescriptions drastically reduce the work involved in derivation of RGE's. To corroborate our claims we derive the RGE's for a well known nontrivial model and reproduce all the equations that were obtained by component method.
Regularization by higher derivatives and quantum correction for N = 1 supersymmetric theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pimenov, A. B.; Soloshenko, A. A.; Stepanyantz, K. V.; Shevtsova, E. S.
2008-05-01
Some results of regularization by higher covariant derivatives used for investigation of the structure of quantum corrections in N = 1 supersymmetric theories are summarized in the present work. In particular, it is demonstrated that all integrals determining the Hell-Mann-Low functions in supersymmetric theories are integrals of total derivatives. As a consequence, in the N = 1 supersymmetric theories there exists an identity for the Green’s functions which follows from none of the symmetry theories known thus far. The problem of obtaining the exact β-function by the methods of perturbation theory is discussed.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Despali, Giulia; Giocoli, Carlo; Angulo, Raul E.; Tormen, Giuseppe; Sheth, Ravi K.; Baso, Giacomo; Moscardini, Lauro
2016-03-01
The abundance of galaxy clusters can constrain both the geometry and growth of structure in our Universe. However, this probe could be significantly complicated by recent claims of non-universality-non-trivial dependences with respect to the cosmological model and redshift. In this work, we analyse the dependence of the mass function on the way haloes are identified and establish if this can cause departures from universality. In order to explore this dependence, we use a set of different N-body cosmological simulations (Le SBARBINE simulations), with the latest cosmological parameters from the Planck collaboration; this first suite of simulations is followed by a lower resolution set, carried out with different cosmological parameters. We identify dark matter haloes using a spherical overdensity algorithm with varying overdensity thresholds (virial, 2000, 1000, 500, 200 ρc and 200 ρb) at all redshifts. We notice that, when expressed in terms of the rescaled variable ν, the mass function for virial haloes is a nearly universal as a function of redshift and cosmology, while this is clearly not the case for the other overdensities we considered. We provide fitting functions for the halo mass function parameters as a function of overdensity, that allow us to predict, to within a few per cent accuracy, the halo mass function for a wide range of halo definitions, redshifts and cosmological models. We then show how the departures from universality associated with other halo definitions can be derived by combining the universality of the virial definition with the expected shape of the density profile of haloes.
Tensionless supersymmetric M2 branes in AdS4 × S7 and giant diabolo
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
López Carballo, Jaume; Lugo, Adrián R.; Russo, Jorge G.
2009-11-01
We find various supersymmetric configurations of toroidal M2 brane solutions in AdS4 × S7 or, more generally, in AdS4 × S7/Bbb Zk. In this class we identify solutions preserving 1/4 and 1/8 supersymmetries of the background. The supersymmetric M2 branes have angular momenta and winding on S7, and null world-volumes. In certain cases they collapse to string-like configurations. These configurations can be viewed as a higher-dimensional (membrane) analog of BMN states. We compute the energy and angular momenta, showing that all supersymmetric configurations obey the BPS relation E = J/R, J≡∑i = 14|Ji| with E,J → ∞. Finally, we also study another class of supersymmetric M2-branes, including uncompact rotating membranes of ``diabolo'' shape.
Quantum spectral curve of the N=6 supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory.
Cavaglià, Andrea; Fioravanti, Davide; Gromov, Nikolay; Tateo, Roberto
2014-07-11
Recently, it was shown that the spectrum of anomalous dimensions and other important observables in planar N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory are encoded into a simple nonlinear Riemann-Hilbert problem: the Pμ system or quantum spectral curve. In this Letter, we extend this formulation to the N=6 supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory introduced by Aharony, Bergman, Jafferis, and Maldacena. This may be an important step towards the exact determination of the interpolating function h(λ) characterizing the integrability of this model. We also discuss a surprising relation between the quantum spectral curves for the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and the N=6 supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory considered here.
Integrability properties of a coupled KdV system and its supersymmetric extension
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sotomayor, Adrián; Restuccia, Alvaro
2016-05-01
We discuss several integrability properties of a coupled KdV system. We obtain a new generalization of the already known static solutions for the system. We then consider the supersymmetric extension of the coupled KdV system, it is a new integrable system. We show that for particular Grassmann algebras the system is the limit of a Clifford algebra valued system with nice stability properties. We briefly discuss the hamiltonian structures of this supersymmetric integrable system.
Gauging N=2 supersymmetric nonlinear {sigma} models in the Atiyah-Ward space-time
Carvalho, M.; de Oliveira, M.W.
1997-06-01
We build up a class of N=2 supersymmetric nonlinear {sigma} models in an N=1 superspace based on the Atiyah-Ward space-time of (2+2)-signature metric. We also discuss the gauging of isometries of the associated hyper-K{umlt a}hlerian target spaces and present the resulting gauge-covariant supersymmetric action functional. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}
Quantum cosmology: From hidden symmetries towards a new (supersymmetric) perspective
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jalalzadeh, S.; Rostami, T.; Moniz, P. V.
2016-02-01
P. V. Moniz, Phys. Rev. D 92 (2015) 023526, arXiv:gr-qc/1507.04212]. We envisage that we could extend this framework towards a class of shape invariant potentials, which could include well known analytically solvable cosmological cases. Provided, we identify integrability in terms of the shape invariance conditions, we could eventually consider to import features of supersymmetric quantum mechanics towards quantum cosmology [P. V. Moniz, Quantum Cosmology-the Supersymmetric Perspective-Vol. 1: Fundamentals, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 803 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2010), P. V. Moniz, Quantum Cosmology-the Supersymmetric Perspective-Vol. 2: Advanced Topics, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 804 (Springer, New York, 2010)], which we will also discuss in this review. Another point to emphasize is that by means of a hidden symmetry and then an algebra of Dirac observables, boundary conditions are extracted (and not ad hoc formulated) within a framework intrinsic to each model dynamics. Therefore, meeting DeWitt’s conjecture [B. S. DeWitt, Phys. Rev. 160 (1967) 1113] that “the constraints are everything” and nothing else but the constraints should be needed.
Kohri, Kazunori; Santoso, Yudi
2009-02-15
The discrepancy on {sup 7}Li and {sup 6}Li abundances between the observational data and the standard big-bang nucleosynthesis theory prediction has been a nagging problem in astrophysics and cosmology, given the highly attractive and successful big-bang paradigm. One possible solution of this lithium problem is through hadronic decays of a massive metastable particle which alter the primordial element abundances. We explore this possibility using a gravitino dark matter framework in which the next lightest supersymmetric particle is typically long-lived. We found that the stop as the next lightest supersymmetric particle may provide an attractive solution to the lithium problem.
Calabi-Yau compactifications of non-supersymmetric heterotic string theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Blaszczyk, Michael; Nibbelink, Stefan Groot; Loukas, Orestis; Ruehle, Fabian
2015-10-01
Phenomenological explorations of heterotic strings have conventionally focused primarily on the E8×E8 theory. We consider smooth compactifications of all three ten-dimensional heterotic theories to exhibit the many similarities between the non-supersymmetric SO(16)×SO(16) theory and the related supersymmetric E8×E8 and SO(32) theories. In particular, we exploit these similarities to determine the bosonic and fermionic spectra of Calabi-Yau compactifications with line bundles of the non-supersymmetric string. We use elements of four-dimensional supersymmetric effective field theory to characterize the non-supersymmetric action at leading order and determine the Green-Schwarz induced axion couplings. Using these methods we construct a non-supersymmetric Standard Model(SM)-like theory. In addition, we show that it is possible to obtain SM-like models from the standard embedding using at least an order four Wilson line. Finally, we make a proposal of the states that live on five-branes in the SO(16)×SO(16) theory and find under certain assumptions the surprising result that anomaly factorization only admits at most a single brane solution.
CALL FOR PAPERS: Progress in Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
2003-12-01
This is a call for contributions to a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General dedicated to the subject of Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics as featured in the International Conference in Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics (PSQM03), 15--19 July 2003, University of Valladolid, Spain (http://metodos.fam.cie.uva.es/~susy_qm_03/). Participants at that meeting, as well as other researchers working in this area or in related fields, are invited to submit a research paper to this issue. The Editorial Board has invited Irina Areféva, David J Fernández, Véronique Hussin, Javier Negro, Luis M Nieto and Boris F Samsonov to act as Guest Editors for the special issue. Their criteria for acceptance of contributions are as follows: bullet The subject of the paper should be in the general area covered by the PSQM03 conference. bullet Contributions will be refereed and processed according to the usual mechanisms of the journal. bullet Papers should present substantial new results (they should not be simply reviews of authors' own work that is already published elsewhere). The guidelines for the preparation of contributions are as follows: bullet DEADLINE for submission of contributions is 15 January 2004. This deadline will allow the special issue to appear in approximately September 2004. bullet There is a page limit of 15 pages per research contribution. Further advice on publishing your work in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General may be found at www.iop.org/Journals/jphysa. bullet Contributions to the special issue should if possible be submitted electronically at www.iop.org/Journals/jphysa or by e-mail to jphysa@iop.org, quoting `JPhysA special issue --- PSQM03'. Submissions should ideally be in either standard LaTeX form or Microsoft Word. Please see the web site for further information on electronic submissions. bullet Authors unable to submit by email may send hard copy contributions to: Journal of Physics A, Institute of Physics Publishing
Dualities and Curved Space Partition Functions of Supersymmetric Theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Agarwal, Prarit
In this dissertation we discuss some conjectured dualities in supersymmetric field theories and provide non-trivial checks for these conjectures. A quick review of supersymmetry and related topics is provided in chapter 1. In chapter 2, we develop a method to identify the so called BPS states in the Hilbert space of a supersymmetric field theory (that preserves at least two real supercharges) on a generic curved space. As an application we obtain the superconformal index (SCI) of 4d theories. The large N SCI of quiver gauge theories has been previously noticed to factorize over the set of extremal BPS mesonic operators. In chapter 3, we reformulate this factorization in terms of the zigzag paths in the dimer model associated to the quiver and extend the factorization theorem of the index to include theories obtained from D-branes probing orbifold singularities. In chapter 4, we consider the dualities in two classes of 3 dimensional theories. The first class consist of dualities of certain necklace type Chern-Simons (CS) quiver gauge theories. A non trivial check of these dualities is provided by matching their squashed sphere partition functions. The second class consists of theories whose duals are described by a collection of free fields. In such cases, due to mixing between the superconformal R-symmetry and accidental symmetries, the matching of electric and magnetic partition functions is not straightforward. We provide a prescription to rectify this mismatch. In chapter 5, we consider some the N = 1 4d theories with orthogonal and symplectic gauge groups, arising from N = 1 preserving reduction of 6d theories on a Riemann surface. This construction allows us to dual descriptions of 4d theories. Some of the dual frames have no known Lagrangian description. We check the dualities by computing the anomaly coefficients and the superconformal indices. We also give a prescription to write the index of the theory obtained by reduction of 6d theories on a three
Target space pseudoduality in supersymmetric sigma models on symmetric spaces
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sarisaman, Mustafa
We discuss the target space pseudoduality in supersymmetric sigma models on symmetric spaces. We first consider the case where sigma models based on real compact connected Lie groups of the same dimensionality and give examples using three dimensional models on target spaces. We show explicit construction of nonlocal conserved currents on the pseudodual manifold. We then switch the Lie group valued pseudoduality equations to Lie algebra valued ones, which leads to an infinite number of pseudoduality equations. We obtain an infinite number of conserved currents on the tangent bundle of the pseudo-dual manifold. Since pseudoduality imposes the condition that sigma models pseudodual to each other are based on symmetric spaces with opposite curvatures (i.e. dual symmetric spaces), we investigate pseudoduality transformation on the symmetric space sigma models in the third chapter. We see that there can be mixing of decomposed spaces with each other, which leads to mixings of the following expressions. We obtain the pseudodual conserved currents which are viewed as the orthonormal frame on the pullback bundle of the tangent space of G˜ which is the Lie group on which the pseudodual model based. Hence we obtain the mixing forms of curvature relations and one loop renormalization group beta function by means of these currents. In chapter four, we generalize the classical construction of pseudoduality transformation to supersymmetric case. We perform this both by component expansion method on manifold M and by orthonormal coframe method on manifold SO( M). The component method produces the result that pseudoduality transformation is not invertible at all points and occurs from all points on one manifold to only one point where riemann normal coordinates valid on the second manifold. Torsion of the sigma model on M must vanish while it is nonvanishing on M˜, and curvatures of the manifolds must be constant and the same because of anticommuting grassmann numbers. We obtain
Type I non-abelian superconductors in supersymmetric gauge theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Auzzi, Roberto; Eto, Minoru; Vinci, Walter
2007-11-01
Non-BPS non-Abelian vortices with Bbb CBbb P1 internal moduli space are studied in an Script N = 2 supersymmetric U(1) × SU(2) gauge theory with adjoint mass terms. For generic internal orientations the classical force between two vortices can be attractive or repulsive. On the other hand, the mass of the scalars in the theory is always less than that of the vector bosons; also, the force between two vortices with the same Bbb CBbb P1 orientation is always attractive: for these reasons we interpret our model as a non-Abelian generalization of type I superconductors. We compute the effective potential in the limit of two well separated vortices. It is a function of the distance and of the relative colour-flavour orientation of the two vortices; in this limit we find an effective description in terms of two interacting Bbb CBbb P1 sigma models. In the limit of two coincident vortices we find two different solutions with the same topological winding and, for generic values of the parameters, different tensions. One of the two solutions is described by a Bbb CBbb P1 effective sigma model, while the other is just an Abelian vortex without internal degrees of freedom. For generic values of the parameters, one of the two solutions is metastable, while there are evidences that the other one is truly stable.
Supersymmetric B – L inflation near the conformal coupling
Arai, Masato; Kawai, Shinsuke; Okada, Nobuchika
2014-06-01
We investigate a novel scenario of cosmological inflation in a gauged B-L extended minimal supersymmetric Standard Model with R-symmetry. We use a noncanonical Kähler potential and a superpotential, both preserving the R-symmetry to construct a model of slow-roll inflation. The model is controlled by two real parameters: the nonminimal coupling ξ that originates from the Kähler potential, and the breaking scale v of the U(1)B-L symmetry. We compute the spectrum of the cosmological microwave background radiation and show that the prediction of the model fits well the recent Planck satellite observation for a wide range of the parameter space. Wemore » also find that the typical reheating temperature of the model is low enough to avoid the gravitino problem but nevertheless allows sufficient production of the baryon asymmetry if we take into account the effect of resonance enhancement. The model is free from cosmic strings that impose stringent constraints on generic U(1)B-L based scenarios, as in our scenario the U(1)B-L symmetry is broken from the onset.« less
Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo.
Springel, V; White, S D M; Frenk, C S; Navarro, J F; Jenkins, A; Vogelsberger, M; Wang, J; Ludlow, A; Helmi, A
2008-11-01
Dark matter is the dominant form of matter in the Universe, but its nature is unknown. It is plausibly an elementary particle, perhaps the lightest supersymmetric partner of known particle species. In this case, annihilation of dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way should produce gamma-rays at a level that may soon be observable. Previous work has argued that the annihilation signal will be dominated by emission from very small clumps (perhaps smaller even than the Earth), which would be most easily detected where they cluster together in the dark matter haloes of dwarf satellite galaxies. Here we report that such small-scale structure will, in fact, have a negligible impact on dark matter detectability. Rather, the dominant and probably most easily detectable signal will be produced by diffuse dark matter in the main halo of the Milky Way. If the main halo is strongly detected, then small dark matter clumps should also be visible, but may well contain no stars, thereby confirming a key prediction of the cold dark matter model.
Prospects for detecting supersymmetric dark matter in the Galactic halo.
Springel, V; White, S D M; Frenk, C S; Navarro, J F; Jenkins, A; Vogelsberger, M; Wang, J; Ludlow, A; Helmi, A
2008-11-01
Dark matter is the dominant form of matter in the Universe, but its nature is unknown. It is plausibly an elementary particle, perhaps the lightest supersymmetric partner of known particle species. In this case, annihilation of dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way should produce gamma-rays at a level that may soon be observable. Previous work has argued that the annihilation signal will be dominated by emission from very small clumps (perhaps smaller even than the Earth), which would be most easily detected where they cluster together in the dark matter haloes of dwarf satellite galaxies. Here we report that such small-scale structure will, in fact, have a negligible impact on dark matter detectability. Rather, the dominant and probably most easily detectable signal will be produced by diffuse dark matter in the main halo of the Milky Way. If the main halo is strongly detected, then small dark matter clumps should also be visible, but may well contain no stars, thereby confirming a key prediction of the cold dark matter model. PMID:18987737
Viable supersymmetric model with UV insensitive anomaly mediation
Ibe, Masahiro; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Murayama, Hitoshi
2005-04-01
We propose an electroweak model which is compatible with the UV insensitive anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking. The model is an extension of the next to minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM) by adding vectorlike matter fields which can drive the soft scalar masses of the singlet Higgs field negative and the successful electroweak symmetry breaking is achieved. Viable parameter regions are found to preserve perturbativity of all the coupling constants up to the Planck scale. With this success, the model becomes a perfect candidate of physics beyond the standard model without the flavor changing neutral current and CP problem. The cosmology is also quite interesting. The lightest neutralino is the wino which is a perfect cold dark matter candidate assuming the nonthermal production from the gravitino decay. There is no gravitino problem because it decays before the big-bang nucleosynthesis era, and thus the thermal leptogenesis works. The cosmological domain wall problem inherent in the NMSSM is absent since the Z{sub 3} symmetry is broken by the QCD instanton effect in the presence of the vectorlike quarks. We also briefly comment on a possible solution to the strong CP problem a la the Nelson-Barr mechanism.
Effects of heavy modes on vacuum stability in supersymmetric theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brizi, Leonardo; Scrucca, Claudio A.
2010-11-01
We study the effects induced by heavy fields on the masses of light fields in supersymmetric theories, under the assumption that the heavy mass scale is much higher than the supersymmetry breaking scale. We show that the square-masses of light scalar fields can get two different types of significant corrections when a heavy multiplet is integrated out. The first is an indirect level-repulsion effect, which may arise from heavy chiral multiplets and is always negative. The second is a direct coupling contribution, which may arise from heavy vector multiplets and can have any sign. We then apply these results to the sGoldstino mass and study the implications for the vacuum metastability condition. We find that the correction from heavy chiral multiplets is always negative and tends to compromise vacuum metastability, whereas the contribution from heavy vector multiplets is always positive and tends on the contrary to reinforce it. These two effects are controlled respectively by Yukawa couplings and gauge charges, which mix one heavy and two light fields respectively in the superpotential and the Kähler potential. Finally we also comment on similar effects induced in soft scalar masses when the heavy multiplets couple both to the visible and the hidden sector.
Supersymmetric N=2 gauge theory with arbitrary gauge group
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kuchiev, Michael Yu.
2010-10-01
A new universal model to implement the Seiberg-Witten approach to low-energy properties of the supersymmetric N=2 gauge theory with an arbitrary compact simple gauge group, classical or exceptional, is suggested. It is based on the hyperelliptic curve, whose genus equals the rank of the gauge group. The weak and strong coupling limits are reproduced. The magnetic and electric charges of light dyons, which are present in the proposed model comply with recent predictions derived from the general properties of the theory. The discrete chiral symmetry is implemented, the duality condition is reproduced, and connections between monodromies at weak and strong coupling are established. It is found that the spectra of monopoles and dyons are greatly simplified when vectors representing the scalar and dual fields in the Cartan algebra are aligned along the Weyl vector. This general feature of the theory is used for an additional verification of the model. The model predicts the identical analytic structures of the coupling constants for the theories based on the SU(r+1) and Sp(2r) gauge groups.
The Higgs mass and natural supersymmetric spectrum from the landscape
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Baer, Howard; Barger, Vernon; Savoy, Michael; Serce, Hasan
2016-07-01
In supersymmetric models where the superpotential μ term is generated with μ ≪msoft (e.g. from radiative Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking or compactified string models with sequestration and stabilized moduli), and where the string landscape 1. favors soft supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking terms as large as possible and 2. where the anthropic condition that electroweak symmetry is properly broken with a weak scale m W , Z , h ∼ 100 GeV (i.e. not too weak of weak interactions), then these combined landscape/anthropic requirements act as an attractor pulling the soft SUSY breaking terms towards values required by models with radiatively-driven naturalness: near the line of criticality where electroweak symmetry is barely broken and the Higgs mass is ∼ 125 GeV. The pull on the soft terms serves to ameliorate the SUSY flavor and CP problems. The resulting sparticle mass spectrum may barely be accessible at high-luminosity LHC while the required light higgsinos should be visible at a linear e+e- collider with √{ s} > 2 m (higgsino).
Domain walls in supersymmetric QCD: The taming of the zoo
Binosi, Daniele; ter Veldhuis, Tonnis
2001-04-15
We provide a unified picture of the domain wall spectrum in supersymmetric QCD with N{sub c} colors and N{sub f} flavors of quarks in the (anti) fundamental representation. Within the framework of the Veneziano-Yankielowicz-Taylor effective Lagrangian, we consider domain walls connecting chiral symmetry breaking vacua, and we take the quark masses to be degenerate. For N{sub f}/N{sub c}<1/2, there is one BPS saturated domain wall for any value of the quark mass m. For 1/2{<=}N{sub f}/N{sub c}<1 there are two critical masses m{sub *} and m{sub **} which depend on the number of colors and flavors only through the ratio N{sub f}/N{sub c}. If m
Maximally supersymmetric planar Yang-Mills amplitudes at five loops
Bern, Z.; Carrasco, J. J. M.; Johansson, H.; Kosower, D. A.
2007-12-15
We present an Ansatz for the planar five-loop four-point amplitude in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in terms of loop integrals. This Ansatz exploits the recently observed correspondence between integrals with simple conformal properties and those found in the four-point amplitudes of the theory through four loops. We explain how to identify all such integrals systematically. We make use of generalized unitarity in both four and D dimensions to determine the coefficients of each of these integrals in the amplitude. Maximal cuts, in which we cut all propagators of a given integral, are an especially effective means for determining these coefficients. The set of integrals and coefficients determined here will be useful for computing the five-loop cusp anomalous dimension of the theory which is of interest for nontrivial checks of the AdS/CFT duality conjecture. It will also be useful for checking a conjecture that the amplitudes have an iterative structure allowing for their all-loop resummation, whose link to a recent string-side computation by Alday and Maldacena opens a new venue for quantitative AdS/CFT comparisons.
Pseudospin symmetry in nuclear structure and its supersymmetric representation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liang, H. Z.
2016-08-01
The quasi-degeneracy between the single-particle states (n,l,j=l+1/2) and (n-1,l+2,j=l+3/2) indicates a special and hidden symmetry in atomic nuclei—the so-called pseudospin symmetry (PSS)—which is an important concept in both spherical and deformed nuclei. A number of phenomena in nuclear structure have been successfully interpreted directly or implicitly by this symmetry, including nuclear superdeformed configurations, identical bands, quantized alignment, pseudospin partner bands, and so on. Since the PSS was recognized as a relativistic symmetry in 1990s, there have been comprehensive efforts to understand its properties in various systems and potentials. In this review, we mainly focus on the latest progress on the supersymmetric (SUSY) representation of PSS, and one of the key targets is to understand its symmetry-breaking mechanism in realistic nuclei in a quantitative and perturbative way. The SUSY quantum mechanics and its applications to the SU(2) and U(3) symmetries of the Dirac Hamiltonian are discussed in detail. It is shown that the origin of PSS and its symmetry-breaking mechanism, which are deeply hidden in the origin Hamiltonian, can be traced by its SUSY partner Hamiltonian. Essential open questions, such as the SUSY representation of PSS in the deformed system, are pointed out.
A Search for Neutral Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons at DØ
Osman, Nicolas Ahmed
2010-09-01
A search for Higgs bosons in multijet data from the DØ detector is reported in this thesis. The Higgs boson is the only remaining undiscovered particle in the Standard Model of particle physics, and plays an integral role in this model. It is known that this model is not a complete description of fundamental physics (it does not describe gravity, for example), and so searches for physics beyond the Standard Model are an important part of particle physics. One extension of the Standard Model, the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), predicts the existence of five Higgs bosons, two of which can show an enhanced coupling to bottom quarks. For this reason, a search in the bbb (multijet) channel is a sensitive test of Higgs boson physics. The analysis described in this thesis was conducted over 6.6 fb^{-1} of data. At the time of writing, the best limits on tan β (a key parameter of the MSSM) in the multijet channel were set by DØ. The new analysis described in this thesis included more data than the previous analysis in the channel, and made use of a new trigger and event-based analysis method. An improved Multivariate Analysis technique was used to separate signal and background events and produce a final discriminant for the limit setting process. These changes increased the expected sensitivity of this measurement by roughly 50% more than would be expected from the increase in the size of data sample alone.
Textures and semi-local strings in supersymmetric hybrid inflation
Battye, Richard A; Garbrecht, Bjoern; Pilaftsis, Apostolos E-mail: bjorn@hep.man.ac.uk
2008-09-15
Global topological defects may account for the large cold spot observed in the cosmic microwave background. We explore possibilities for constructing models of supersymmetric F-term hybrid inflation, where the waterfall fields are globally SU(2)-symmetric. In contrast to the case where SU(2) is gauged, there arise Goldstone bosons and additional moduli, which are lifted only by masses of soft supersymmetry breaking scale. The model predicts the existence of global textures, which can become semi-local strings if the waterfall fields are gauged under U(1){sub X}. Gravitino overproduction can be avoided if reheating proceeds via the light SU(2)-modes or right-handed sneutrinos. For values of the inflaton-waterfall coupling {approx}>10{sup -4}, the symmetry breaking scale imposed by normalization of the power spectrum generated from inflation coincides with the energy scale required to explain the most prominent of the cold spots. In this case, the spectrum of density fluctuations is close to scale invariant, which can be reconciled with measurements of the power spectrum by the inclusion of the sub-dominant component due to the topological defects.
Radiative corrections to the masses of supersymmetric Higgs bosons
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ellis, John; Ridolfi, Giovanni; Zwirner, Fabio
1991-03-01
The lightest neutral Higgs boson in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model has a tree-level mass less than that of the Z0. We calculate radiative corrections to its mass and to that of the heavier CP-even neutral Higgs boson. We find large corrections that increase with the top quark and squark masses, and vary with the ratio of vacuum expectation values ν2/ν1. These radiative corrections can be as large as O(100) GeV, and have the effect of (i) invalidating lower bounds on ν2/ν1 inferred from unsuccessful Higgs searches at LEP I, (ii) in many cases, increasing the mass of the lighter CP-even Higgs boson beyond mz, (iii) often, increasing the mass of the heavier CP-even Higgs boson beyond the LEP reach, into a range more accessible to the LHC or SSC. On leave from Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, Padua, Italy.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Griffies, Stephen Matthew
1993-01-01
Field theoretic and spacetime aspects of nontrivial planar supersymmetric bosonic field configurations in d = 3 + 1, N = 1 supergravity coupled to a chiral superfield are presented. They are topologically stable and static domain walls interpolating between non -positive cosmological constant (Lambda<= 0) supersymmetric vacua. They saturate the Bogomol'nyi bound on the energy density and thus satisfy first order differential equations. The induced spacetime is static. An especially novel solution is the Minkowski--anti-de Sitter (AdS_4) wall (Type I wall). Supersymmetric vacua are shown to be absolutely stable (to all orders in Newton's constant) towards quantum decay into another supersymmetric vacuum. The methods of supersymmetry and the language of Coleman's quantum tunneling are employed. This result proves the degeneracy of all supersymmetric vacua in N = 1 supergravity regardless of the relative value of their Lambda<= 0.. Supergravity walls induce non-singular spacetimes exhibiting nontrivial causal structure due to the Cauchy horizons inherited from AdS_4. Lattices of these walls are possible when completing the spacetime manifold which possess causal structures similar to extreme black holes. In these lattices, the time-like boundary of pure AdS_4 is replaced by a wall thus making all affine boundaries null. Quantum field theory on the Type I background indicates that it has zero Hawking temperature and zero spacetime entropy. Generalizations of the supergravity walls to non -supersymmetric non- and ultra-extreme walls are presented. These walls are compact two-spheres corresponding to topological walls formed from the Kibble mechanism (non-extreme: bubbles with two insides) and the classical evolution of quantum tunneling bubbles (ultra-extreme: bubbles with an inside and an outside). Israel's formalism for singular hypersurfaces is used to deduce the local spacetime properties working in the wall's comoving frame. Geodesically complete manifolds are
Towards a supersymmetric generalization of the Schwarzschild black hole
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
López-Domínguez, J. C.; Obregón, O.; Zacarías, S.
2009-11-01
The Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) equation for the Kantowski-Sachs model can also be understood as the WDW equation corresponding to the Schwarzschild black hole due to the well known diffeomorphism between these two metrics. The WDW equation and its solutions are ignorant of the coordinate patch one is using, only by imposing coordinate conditions we can differentiate between cosmological and black hole models. At that point, the foliation parameter t or r will appear in the solution of interest. In this work we supersymmetrize this WDW equation obtaining an extra term in the potential with two possible signs. The WKB method is then applied, giving rise to two classical equations. It is shown that the event horizon can never be reached because very near to it, the extra term in the potential, for each one of the equations, is more relevant than the one that corresponds to Schwarzschild. One can then study the asymptotic cases in which one of the two terms in the Hamiltonian dominates the behavior. One of them corresponds to the usual Schwarzschild black hole. We will study here the other two asymptotic regions; they provide three solutions. All of them have a singularity in r=0 and depending on an integration constant C they can also present a singularity in r=C2. Neither of these solutions have a Newtonian limit. The black hole solution we study is analyzed between the singularity r=C2 and a maximum radius rm. We find an associated mass, considering the related cosmological solution inside r=C2, and based on the holographic principle an entropy can be assigned to this asymptotic solution.
Lepton flavor violation in predictive supersymmetric GUT models
Albright, Carl H.; Chen, M.-C.
2008-06-01
There have been many theoretical models constructed that aim to explain the neutrino masses and mixing patterns. While many of the models will be eliminated once more accurate determinations of the mixing parameters, especially sin{sup 2}2{theta}{sub 13}, are obtained, charged lepton flavor violation experiments are able to differentiate even further among the models. In this paper, we investigate various rare lepton flavor violation processes, such as l{sub i}{yields}l{sub j}+{gamma} and {mu}-e conversion, in five predictive supersymmetric (SUSY) SO(10) models and their allowed soft-SUSY breaking parameter space in the constrained minimal SUSY standard model. Utilizing the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe dark matter constraints, we obtain lower bounds on the branching ratios of these rare processes and find that at least three of the five models we consider give rise to predictions for {mu}{yields}e+{gamma} that will be tested by the MEG Collaboration at PSI. In addition, the next generation {mu}-e conversion experiment has sensitivity to the predictions of all five models, making it an even more robust way to test these models. While generic studies have emphasized the dependence of the branching ratios of these rare processes on the reactor neutrino angle {theta}{sub 13} and the mass of the heaviest right-handed neutrino M{sub 3} we find very massive M{sub 3} is more significant than large {theta}{sub 13} in leading to branching ratios near to the present upper limits.
Higgs boson spectra in supersymmetric left-right models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Babu, K. S.; Patra, Ayon
2016-03-01
We present a comprehensive analysis of the Higgs boson spectra in several versions of the supersymmetric left-right model based on the gauge symmetry S U (3 )c×S U (2 )L×S U (2 )R×U (1 )B-L. A variety of symmetry breaking sectors are studied, with a focus on the constraints placed on model parameters by the lightest neutral C P even Higgs boson mass Mh. The breaking of S U (2 )R symmetry is achieved by Higgs fields transforming either as triplets or doublets, and the electroweak symmetry breaking is triggered by either bi-doublets or doublets. The Higgs potential is analyzed with or without a gauge singlet Higgs field present. Seesaw models of Type I and Type II, inverse seesaw models, universal seesaw models and an E6 inspired alternate left-right model are included in our analysis. Several of these models lead to the tree-level relation Mh≤√{2 }mW (rather than Mh≤mZ that arises in the MSSM), realized when the S U (2 )R symmetry breaking scale is of order TeV. With such an enhanced upper limit, it becomes possible to accommodate a Higgs boson of mass 126 GeV with relatively light stops that mix negligibly. In models with Higgs triplets, a doubly charged scalar remains light below a TeV with its mass arising entirely from radiative corrections. We carry out the complete one-loop calculation for its mass induced by the Majorana Yukawa couplings and show the consistency of the framework. We argue that these models prefer a low S U (2 )R breaking scale. Other theoretical and phenomenological implications of these models are briefly discussed.
Mixed axion/neutralino cold dark matter in supersymmetric models
Baer, Howard; Lessa, Andre; Rajagopalan, Shibi; Sreethawong, Warintorn E-mail: lessa@nhn.ou.edu E-mail: wstan@nhn.ou.edu
2011-06-01
We consider supersymmetric (SUSY) models wherein the strong CP problem is solved by the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) mechanism with a concommitant axion/axino supermultiplet. We examine R-parity conserving models where the neutralino is the lightest SUSY particle, so that a mixture of neutralinos and axions serve as cold dark matter (a Z-tilde {sub 1} CDM). The mixed a Z-tilde {sub 1} CDM scenario can match the measured dark matter abundance for SUSY models which typically give too low a value of the usual thermal neutralino abundance, such as models with wino-like or higgsino-like dark matter. The usual thermal neutralino abundance can be greatly enhanced by the decay of thermally-produced axinos (ã) to neutralinos, followed by neutralino re-annihilation at temperatures much lower than freeze-out. In this case, the relic density is usually neutralino dominated, and goes as ∼ (f{sub a}/N)/m{sub ã}{sup 3/2}. If axino decay occurs before neutralino freeze-out, then instead the neutralino abundance can be augmented by relic axions to match the measured abundance. Entropy production from late-time axino decays can diminish the axion abundance, but ultimately not the neutralino abundance. In a Z-tilde {sub 1} CDM models, it may be possible to detect both a WIMP and an axion as dark matter relics. We also discuss possible modifications of our results due to production and decay of saxions. In the appendices, we present expressions for the Hubble expansion rate and the axion and neutralino relic densities in radiation, matter and decaying-particle dominated universes.
Supersymmetric Janus solutions in four-dimensional N =3 gauged supergravity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Karndumri, Parinya
2016-06-01
We construct supersymmetric Janus solutions using four-dimensional N =3 gauged supergravity with S O (3 )×S U (3 ) gauge group. The N =3 supersymmetric AdS4 vacuum with unbroken S O (3 )×S U (3 ), identified with the compactification of eleven-dimensional supergravity on AdS4×N010 , provides a gravity dual of supersymmetric N =3 Chern-Simons-Matter theory in three dimensions with S U (3 ) flavor symmetry. The Janus solutions accordingly describe supersymmetric conformal interfaces within this Chern-Simons-Matter theory via the AdS /CFT holography. We find two classes of Janus solutions preserving respectively (2,1) and (0,1) supersymmetry on the (1 +1 )-dimensional conformal defects. The solution with (2,1) supersymmetry preserves S O (2 )×S O (2 )×S O (2 )⊂S O (3 )×S U (3 ) symmetry while the (0,1) supersymmetric solution is invariant under a larger S O (2 )×S U (2 )×S O (2 ) symmetry.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mizoguchi, S.
2014-07-01
We propose a new geometric mechanism for naturally realizing unparallel three families of flavors in string theory, using the framework of F-theory. We consider a set of coalesced local 7-branes of a particular Kodaira singularity type and allow some of the branes to bend and separate from the rest, so that they meet only at an intersection point. Such a local configuration can preserve supersymmetry. Its matter spectrum is investigated by studying string junctions near the intersection, and shown to coincide, after an orbifold projection, with that of a supersymmetric coset sigma model whose target space is a homogeneous Kähler manifold associated with a corresponding painted Dynkin diagram. In particular, if one starts from the E 7 singularity, one obtains the E 7 /(SU(5) × U(1)3) model yielding precisely three generations with an unparallel family structure. Possible applications to string phenomenology are also discussed.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Quinto, A. G.; Ferrari, A. F.; Lehum, A. C.
2016-06-01
In this work, we investigate the consequences of the Renormalization Group Equation (RGE) in the determination of the effective superpotential and the study of Dynamical Symmetry Breaking (DSB) in an N = 1 supersymmetric theory including an Abelian Chern-Simons superfield coupled to N scalar superfields in (2 + 1) dimensional spacetime. The classical Lagrangian presents scale invariance, which is broken by radiative corrections to the effective superpotential. We calculate the effective superpotential up to two-loops by using the RGE and the beta functions and anomalous dimensions known in the literature. We then show how the RGE can be used to improve this calculation, by summing up properly defined series of leading logs (LL), next-to-leading logs (NLL) contributions, and so on... We conclude that even if the RGE improvement procedure can indeed be applied in a supersymmetric model, the effects of the consideration of the RGE are not so dramatic as it happens in the non-supersymmetric case.
Geometry of all supersymmetric four-dimensional Script N = 1 supergravity backgrounds
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gran, U.; Gutowski, J.; Papadopoulos, G.
2008-06-01
We solve the Killing spinor equations of Script N = 1 supergravity, with four supercharges, coupled to any number of vector and scalar multiplets in all cases. We find that backgrounds with N = 1 supersymmetry admit a null, integrable, Killing vector field. There are two classes of N = 2 backgrounds. The spacetime in the first class admits a parallel null vector field and so it is a pp-wave. The spacetime of the other class admits three Killing vector fields, and a vector field that commutes with the three Killing directions. These backgrounds are of cohomogeneity one with homogenous sections either Bbb R2,1 or AdS3 and have an interpretation as domain walls. The N = 3 backgrounds are locally maximally supersymmetric. There are N = 3 backgrounds which arise as discrete identifications of maximally supersymmetric ones. The maximally supersymmetric backgrounds are locally isometric to either Bbb R3,1 or AdS4.
Chou, Chia-Chun; Kouri, Donald J
2013-04-25
We show that there exist spurious states for the sector two tensor Hamiltonian in multidimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics. For one-dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics on an infinite domain, the sector one and two Hamiltonians have identical spectra with the exception of the ground state of the sector one. For tensorial multidimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics, there exist normalizable spurious states for the sector two Hamiltonian with energy equal to the ground state energy of the sector one. These spurious states are annihilated by the adjoint charge operator, and hence, they do not correspond to physical states for the original Hamiltonian. The Hermitian property of the sector two Hamiltonian implies the orthogonality between spurious and physical states. In addition, we develop a method for construction of a specific form of the spurious states for any quantum system and also generate several spurious states for a two-dimensional anharmonic oscillator system and for the hydrogen atom.
Natural gauge mediation with a Bino next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle at the LHC.
Barnard, James; Farmer, Benjamin; Gherghetta, Tony; White, Martin
2012-12-14
Natural models of supersymmetry with a gravitino lightest supersymmetric particle provide distinctive signatures at the LHC. For a neutralino next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle, sparticles can decay to two high energy photons plus missing energy. We use the ATLAS diphoton search with 4.8 b(-1) of data to place limits in both the top-squark-gluino and neutralino-chargino mass planes for this scenario. If the neutralino is heavier than 50 GeV, the lightest top squark must be heavier than 580 GeV, the gluino must be heavier than 1100 GeV, and charginos must be heavier than approximately 300-470 GeV. This provides the first nontrivial constraints in natural gauge mediation models with a neutralino next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle decaying to photons and implies a fine-tuning of at least a few percent in such models.
Supersymmetric black holes in AdS4 from very special geometry
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gnecchi, Alessandra; Halmagyi, Nick
2014-04-01
Supersymmetric black holes in AdS spacetime are inherently interesting for the AdS/CFT correspondence. Within a four dimensional gauged supergravity theory coupled to vector multiplets, the only analytic solutions for regular, supersymmetric, static black holes in AdS4 are those in the STU-model due to Cacciatori and Klemm. We study a class of U (1)-gauged supergravity theories coupled to vector multiplets which have a cubic prepotential, the scalar manifold is then a very special Kähler manifold. When the resulting very special Kähler manifold is a homogeneous space, we find analytic solutions for static, supersymmetric AdS4 black holes with vanishing axions. The horizon geometries of our solutions are constant curvature Riemann surfaces of arbitrary genus.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bershtein, Mikhail; Bonelli, Giulio; Ronzani, Massimiliano; Tanzini, Alessandro
2016-07-01
We provide a contour integral formula for the exact partition function of N = 2 supersymmetric U( N) gauge theories on compact toric four-manifolds by means of supersymmetric localisation. We perform the explicit evaluation of the contour integral for U(2) N = 2∗ theory on {P}^2 for all instanton numbers. In the zero mass case, corresponding to the N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theory, we obtain the generating function of the Euler characteristics of instanton moduli spaces in terms of mock-modular forms. In the decoupling limit of infinite mass we find that the generating function of local and surface observables computes equivariant Donaldson invariants, thus proving in this case a longstanding conjecture by N. Nekrasov. In the case of vanishing first Chern class the resulting equivariant Donaldson polynomials are new.
Radiative Effects and Electroweak Symmetry Breaking in a Supersymmetric Preon Model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, Jongbae
We construct the low energy effective theory of composite quarks, leptons, and Higgs bosons for a supersymmetric preon model and study the effects of renormalization-group based radiative corrections. The study on the evolution of scalar masses for avoiding color and charge breakings leads us to conclude that Yukawa couplings are bounded from above. The implementation of electroweak symmetry breaking requires that only the purely dynamical symmetry breaking should be needed for the model, but the combined scheme of dynamical and radiative symmetry breaking as well as the purely radiative symmetry breaking scheme be disfavored. Our analysis of (mb)/(m_τ ) including radiative effects shows that, should a discrepancy be found between the observed and the theoretical value of (mb)/(m_τ ) after experimental determination of supersymmetric particle masses, it would imply that the complete quark-lepton universality in the supersymmetric preon model does not hold either for the Yukawa couplings, or for the condensates, or for both.
Chou, Chia-Chun; Kouri, Donald J
2013-04-25
We show that there exist spurious states for the sector two tensor Hamiltonian in multidimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics. For one-dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics on an infinite domain, the sector one and two Hamiltonians have identical spectra with the exception of the ground state of the sector one. For tensorial multidimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics, there exist normalizable spurious states for the sector two Hamiltonian with energy equal to the ground state energy of the sector one. These spurious states are annihilated by the adjoint charge operator, and hence, they do not correspond to physical states for the original Hamiltonian. The Hermitian property of the sector two Hamiltonian implies the orthogonality between spurious and physical states. In addition, we develop a method for construction of a specific form of the spurious states for any quantum system and also generate several spurious states for a two-dimensional anharmonic oscillator system and for the hydrogen atom. PMID:23531015
More on non-supersymmetric asymmetric orbifolds with vanishing cosmological constant
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sugawara, Yuji; Wada, Taiki
2016-08-01
We explore various non-supersymmetric type II string vacua constructed based on asymmetric orbifolds of tori with vanishing cosmological constant at the one loop. The string vacua we present are modifications of the models studied in [14], of which orbifold group is just generated by a single element. We especially focus on two types of modifications: (i) the orbifold twists include different types of chiral reflections not necessarily removing massless Rarita-Schwinger fields in the 4-dimensional space-time, (ii) the orbifold twists do not include the shift operator. We further discuss the unitarity and stability of constructed non-supersymmetric string vacua, with emphasizing the common features of them.
Impact of leptogenesis and muon g-2 on lepton flavour violation in supersymmetric seesaw models
Endo, Motoi; Shindou, Tetsuo
2009-04-17
The framework of supersymmetric see-saw models are considered. The successful leptogenesis scenarios which are due to a decay of the right-handed neutrinos tends to require rather heavy right-handed neutrinos. On the other hand, a discrepancy of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon reported between the experimental and theoretical results implies lighter supersymmetric particles. In the light of successful leptogenesis scenarios, this anomaly of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon leads to sizable lepton-flavour violations. It is shown that for a hierarchical right-handed neutrino mass spectrum, {mu}{yields}e{gamma} is expected to be observed in near future experiments.
Matching next-to-leading order predictions to parton showers in supersymmetric QCD
Degrande, Céline; Fuks, Benjamin; Hirschi, Valentin; Proudom, Josselin; Shao, Hua-Sheng
2016-02-03
We present a fully automated framework based on the FeynRules and MadGraph5_aMC@NLO programs that allows for accurate simulations of supersymmetric QCD processes at the LHC. Starting directly from a model Lagrangian that features squark and gluino interactions, event generation is achieved at the next-to-leading order in QCD, matching short-distance events to parton showers and including the subsequent decay of the produced supersymmetric particles. As an application, we study the impact of higher-order corrections in gluino pair-production in a simplified benchmark scenario inspired by current gluino LHC searches.
New supersymmetric quartet of nuclei in the A{approx}190 mass region
Barea, J.; Bijker, R.; Frank, A.; Graw, G.; Hertenberger, R.; Wirth, H.-F.; Christen, S.; Jolie, J.; Tonev, D.; Balodis, M.; Berzins, J.; Kramere, N.; Egidy, T. von
2009-03-15
We present evidence for a new supersymmetric quartet in the A{approx}190 region of the nuclear mass table. New experimental information on transfer and neutron capture reactions to the odd-odd nucleus {sup 194}Ir strongly suggests the existence of a new supersymmetric quartet, consisting of the {sup 192,193}Os and {sup 193,194}Ir nuclei. We make explicit predictions for the odd-neutron nucleus {sup 193}Os and suggest that its spectroscopic properties be measured in dedicated experiments.
New supersymmetric quartet of nuclei: {sup 192,193}Os-{sup 193,194}Ir
Bijker, R.; Frank, A.; Barea, J.; Graw, G.; Wirth, H.-F.; Hertenberger, R.; Jolie, J.
2009-01-28
We present evidence for the existence of a new supersymmetric quartet of nuclei in the A{approx}190 mass region. The analysis is based on new experimental information on the odd-odd nucleus {sup 194}Ir from transfer and neutron capture reactions. The new data allow the identification of a new supersymmetric quartet, consisting of the {sup 192,193}Os and {sup 193,194}Ir nuclei. We make explicit predictions for {sup 193}Os, and suggest that its spectroscopic properties be measured in dedicated experiments. Finally, we study correlations between different transfer reactions.
Matching next-to-leading order predictions to parton showers in supersymmetric QCD
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Degrande, Céline; Fuks, Benjamin; Hirschi, Valentin; Proudom, Josselin; Shao, Hua-Sheng
2016-04-01
We present a fully automated framework based on the FEYNRULES and MADGRAPH5_aMC@NLO programs that allows for accurate simulations of supersymmetric QCD processes at the LHC. Starting directly from a model Lagrangian that features squark and gluino interactions, event generation is achieved at the next-to-leading order in QCD, matching short-distance events to parton showers and including the subsequent decay of the produced supersymmetric particles. As an application, we study the impact of higher-order corrections in gluino pair-production in a simplified benchmark scenario inspired by current gluino LHC searches.
Predictions for m{sub t} and M{sub W} in minimal supersymmetric models
Buchmueller, O.; Cavanaugh, R.; De Roeck, A.; Ellis, J. R.; Flaecher, H.; Heinemeyer, S.; Isidori, G.; Olive, Keith A.; Ronga, F. J.; Weiglein, G.
2010-02-01
Using a frequentist analysis of experimental constraints within two versions of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model, we derive the predictions for the top quark mass, m{sub t}, and the W boson mass, M{sub W}. We find that the supersymmetric predictions for both m{sub t} and M{sub W}, obtained by incorporating all the relevant experimental information and state-of-the-art theoretical predictions, are highly compatible with the experimental values with small remaining uncertainties, yielding an improvement compared to the case of the standard model.
Supersymmetric structure of the bosonic string theory in the Beltrami parametrization
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
de Oliveira, M. Werneck; Schweda, M.; Sorella, S. P.
1993-09-01
We show that the bosonic string theory quantized in the Beltrami parametrization possesses a supersymmetric structure like the vector-supersymmetry already observed in topological field theories. Supported in part by the ``Fonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung'', M008-Lise Meitner Fellowship.
Supersymmetric versions of the Fokas–Gel’fand formula for immersion
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bertrand, S.; Grundland, A. M.
2016-07-01
In this paper, we construct and investigate two supersymmetric versions of the Fokas–Gel’fand formula for the immersion of 2D surfaces associated with a supersymmetric integrable system. The first version involves an infinitesimal deformation of the zero-curvature condition and the linear spectral problem associated with this system. This deformation leads the surfaces to be represented in terms of a bosonic supermatrix immersed in a Lie superalgebra. The second supersymmetric version is obtained by using a fermionic parameter deformation to construct surfaces expressed in terms of a fermionic supermatrix immersed in a Lie superalgebra. For both extensions, we provide a geometrical characterization of deformed surfaces using the super Killing form as an inner product and a super moving frame formalism. The theoretical results are applied to the supersymmetric sine-Gordon equation in order to construct super soliton surfaces associated with five different symmetries. We find integrated forms of these surfaces which represent constant Gaussian curvature surfaces and nonlinear Weingarten-type surfaces.
Lepton flavour violation in the supersymmetric type-II seesaw mechanism
Joaquim, F. R.
2008-11-23
We summarize the predictions for the radiative decays l{sub j}{yields}l{sub i}{gamma} within the context of the supersymmetric type II seesaw mechanism considering universal boundary conditions for the soft SUSY breaking terms. The dependence on the low-energy neutrino parameters is discussed and the deviations from the analytical results for large tan{beta} analyzed.
Toward proving a new identity for Green's functions in N = 1 supersymmetric electrodynamics
Stepanyantz, K. V.
2009-01-15
A method that may underlie an attempt at proving the previously proposed new identity for Green's functions is described for N = 1 supersymmetric massless electrodynamics regularized by higher derivatives. With the aid of this method, it is shown that some contributions to the identity in question do indeed vanish.
On the quantum corrections to two-dimensional (1,0)-supersymmetric Abelian gauge models
Almeida, C.A.S.; De Oliveira, M.W. ); Kneipp, M.A.C. )
1991-05-30
In this paper the machinery of (1,0)-supergravity is employed to evaluate 1-loop corrections to the effective action and chiral symmetry supercurrent in the framework of an (1,0)-supersymmetric Abelian gauge model. As a by-product, a dynamically-generated mass is found out for the gauge (1,0)-superconductions.
Supersymmetric versions of the Fokas-Gel’fand formula for immersion
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bertrand, S.; Grundland, A. M.
2016-07-01
In this paper, we construct and investigate two supersymmetric versions of the Fokas-Gel’fand formula for the immersion of 2D surfaces associated with a supersymmetric integrable system. The first version involves an infinitesimal deformation of the zero-curvature condition and the linear spectral problem associated with this system. This deformation leads the surfaces to be represented in terms of a bosonic supermatrix immersed in a Lie superalgebra. The second supersymmetric version is obtained by using a fermionic parameter deformation to construct surfaces expressed in terms of a fermionic supermatrix immersed in a Lie superalgebra. For both extensions, we provide a geometrical characterization of deformed surfaces using the super Killing form as an inner product and a super moving frame formalism. The theoretical results are applied to the supersymmetric sine-Gordon equation in order to construct super soliton surfaces associated with five different symmetries. We find integrated forms of these surfaces which represent constant Gaussian curvature surfaces and nonlinear Weingarten-type surfaces.
Large loop effects of extra supersymmetric Higgs doublets to CP violation in B{sup 0} mixing
Kubo, Jisuke; Lenz, Alexander
2010-10-01
We consider more than one pair of SU(2){sub L} doublet Higgs supermultiplets in a generic supersymmetric extension of the standard model, and calculate their one-loop contributions to the soft mass insertions {delta}{sub LL} etc. We find that, if large supersymmetry breaking in this sector is realized, the loop effects can give rise to large contributions to the soft mass insertions, meaning that they can generate large flavor-changing neutral currents and CP violations. We apply our result to a recently proposed model based on the discrete Q{sub 6} family group, and calculate the nondiagonal matrix element M{sub 12} of the neutral meson systems. We focus our attention on the extra phases {phi}{sub d,s}{sup {Delta}}in B{sub d,s} mixing and flavor-specific CP asymmetries a{sub sl}{sup d,s} in neutral B decays and obtain values that can be about 1 order of magnitude larger than the standard model predictions. Our final results are comparable with the recent experimental observations at D0 and CDF, but they are still about a factor of 5 smaller than the recently measured dimuon asymmetry from D0.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nishino, Hitoshi; Rajpoot, Subhash
2016-05-01
We present electric-magnetic (EM)-duality formulations for non-Abelian gauge groups with N =1 supersymmetry in D =3 +3 and 5 +5 space-time dimensions. We show that these systems generate self-dual N =1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SDSYM) theory in D =2 +2 . For a N =2 supersymmetric EM-dual system in D =3 +3 , we have the Yang-Mills multiplet (Aμ I,λA I) and a Hodge-dual multiplet (Bμν ρ I,χA I) , with an auxiliary tensors Cμν ρ σ I and Kμ ν. Here, I is the adjoint index, while A is for the doublet of S p (1 ). The EM-duality conditions are Fμν I=(1 /4 !)ɛμν ρ σ τ λGρσ τ λ I with its superpartner duality condition λA I=-χA I . Upon appropriate dimensional reduction, this system generates SDSYM in D =2 +2 . This system is further generalized to D =5 +5 with the EM-duality condition Fμν I=(1 /8 !)ɛμν ρ1⋯ρ8Gρ1⋯ρ8 I with its superpartner condition λI=-χI . Upon appropriate dimensional reduction, this theory also generates SDSYM in D =2 +2 . As long as we maintain Lorentz covariance, D =5 +5 dimensions seems to be the maximal space-time dimensions that generate SDSYM in D =2 +2 . Namely, EM-dual system in D =5 +5 serves as the Master Theory of all supersymmetric integrable models in dimensions 1 ≤D ≤3 .
Nonlocal charge of the CP/sup n/-1 model and its supersymmetric extension to all orders
Abdalla, E.; Abdalla, M.C.B.; Gomes, M.
1983-02-15
We prove that the conservation of quantum nonlocal charge of the CP/sup n/-1 model is spoiled by an anomaly calculable to all orders in the 1/n expansion, while for its supersymmetric extension it is restored.
Feldman, Daniel; Liu, Zuowei; Nath, Pran
2007-12-21
The minimal supersymmetric standard model with soft breaking has a large landscape of supersymmetric particle mass hierarchies. This number is reduced significantly in well-motivated scenarios such as minimal supergravity and alternatives. We carry out an analysis of the landscape for the first four lightest particles and identify at least 16 mass patterns, and provide benchmarks for each. We study the signature space for the patterns at the CERN Large Hadron Collider by analyzing the lepton+ (jet> or =2) + missing P{T} signals with 0, 1, 2, and 3 leptons. Correlations in missing P{T} are also analyzed. It is found that even with 10 fb{-1} of data a significant discrimination among patterns emerges.
Kozaczuk, Jonathan; Profumo, Stefano E-mail: profumo@scipp.ucsc.edu
2011-11-01
We study the impact of recent direct and indirect searches for particle dark matter on supersymmetric models with resonant neutralino- or chargino-driven electroweak baryogenesis (EWB) and heavy sfermions. We outline regions of successful EWB on the planes defined by gaugino and higgsino mass parameters, and calculate the portions of those planes excluded by dark matter search results, and the regions soon to be probed by current and future experiments. We conclude that dark matter searches robustly exclude a wino-like lightest supersymmetric particle in successful EWB regions. Bino-like dark matter is still a possibility, although one that will be probed with a modest improvement in the sensitivity of current direct and indirect detection experiments. We also calculate the total production cross section of chargino and neutralino pairs at the Large Hadron Collider, with a center of mass energy of 7 and 14 TeV.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Banerjee, P.; Basu-Mallick, B.; Bondyopadhaya, N.; Datta, C.
2016-03-01
We derive the exact spectra as well as partition functions for a class of BCN type of spin Calogero models, whose Hamiltonians are constructed by using supersymmetric analogues of polarized spin reversal operators (SAPSRO). The strong coupling limit of these spin Calogero models yields BCN type of Polychronakos-Frahm (PF) spin chains with SAPSRO. By applying the freezing trick, we obtain an exact expression for the partition functions of such PF spin chains. We also derive a formula which expresses the partition function of any BCN type of PF spin chain with SAPSRO in terms of partition functions of several AK types of supersymmetric PF spin chains, where K ⩽ N - 1. Subsequently we show that an extended boson-fermion duality relation is obeyed by the partition functions of the BCN type of PF chains with SAPSRO. Some spectral properties of these spin chains, like level density distribution and nearest neighbor spacing distribution, are also studied.
Quark and lepton masses at the GUT scale including supersymmetric threshold corrections
Antusch, S.; Spinrath, M.
2008-10-01
We investigate the effect of supersymmetric (SUSY) threshold corrections on the values of the running quark and charged lepton masses at the grand unified theory (GUT) scale within the large tan{beta} regime of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. In addition to the typically dominant SUSY QCD contributions for the quarks, we also include the electroweak contributions for quarks and leptons and show that they can have significant effects. We provide the GUT scale ranges of quark and charged lepton Yukawa couplings as well as of the ratios m{sub {mu}}/m{sub s}, m{sub e}/m{sub d}, y{sub {tau}}/y{sub b} and y{sub t}/y{sub b} for three example ranges of SUSY parameters. We discuss how the enlarged ranges due to threshold effects might open up new possibilities for constructing GUT models of fermion masses and mixings.
On inherited duality in Script N = 1 d = 4 supersymmetric gauge theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Argyres, Philip C.; Intriligator, Ken; Leigh, Robert G.; Strassler, Matthew J.
2000-04-01
Four-dimensional Script N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories with two adjoints and a quartic superpotential are believed, from AdS/CFT duality, to have SL(2,Bbb Z) invariance. In this note we review an old, unpublished argument for this property, based solely on field theory. The technique involves a complexified flavor rotation which deforms an Script N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theory with matter to an Script N = 1 theory, leaving all holomorphic invariants unchanged. We apply this to the Script N = 1 gauge theory with two massless adjoints and show that it has the same auxiliary torus as that of Script N = 4 gauge theory, from which SL(2,Bbb Z) invariance follows. In the appendix, we check that our arguments are consistent with earlier work on the SU(2) case. Our technique is general and applies to many other Script N = 1 theories.
Radiative symmetry breaking in supersymmetric B -L models with an inverse seesaw mechanism
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Khalil, Shaaban
2016-10-01
We study the radiative symmetry breaking of B -L in supersymmetric models with an inverse seesaw mechanism. We show that for a wide region of parameter space, the radiative corrections can drive the squared mass of the extra Higgs boson from positive initial values at the GUT scale to negative values at the TeV scale, leading to the spontaneous breaking of the B -L symmetry. We also emphasize that in this class of models, unlike the supersymmetric B -L models with a type-I seesaw, the right-handed sneutrino cannot get a nonzero vacuum expectation value. Therefore, B -L can be radiatively broken, while R parity remains an exact symmetry.
Supersymmetric Rényi entropy and Weyl anomalies in six-dimensional (2,0) theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhou, Yang
2016-06-01
We propose a closed formula of the universal part of supersymmetric Rényi entropy S q for (2 , 0) superconformal theories in six-dimensions. We show that S q across a spherical entangling surface is a cubic polynomial of γ := 1 /q, with all coefficients expressed in terms of the newly discovered Weyl anomalies a and c. This is equivalent to a similar statement of the supersymmetric free energy on conic (or squashed) six-sphere. We first obtain the closed formula by promoting the free tensor multiplet result and then provide an independent derivation by assuming that S q can be written as a linear combination of 't Hooft anomaly coefficients. We discuss a possible lower bound a/cge 3/7 implied by our result.
On Quadratic Divergences in Supergravity, Vacuum Energy and theSupersymmetric Flavor Problem
Gaillard, Mary K.; Nelson, Brent D.
2005-11-18
We examine the phenomenological consequences ofquadratically divergent contributions to the scalar potential insupergravity effective Lagrangians. We focus specifically on the effectof these corrections on the vacuum configurationof scalar fields insoftly-broken supersymmetric theory is and the role these correctionsplay in generating non-diagonal soft scalar masses. Both effects can onlybe properly studied when the divergences are regulated in a manifestlysupersymmetric manner -- something which has ths far been neglected inpast treatments. We show how a supersymmetric regularization can impactpast conclusions about both types of phenomena and discuss what types ofhigh-energy theories are likely to be safe from unwanted flavor-changingneutral current interactions in the context of supergravity theoriesderived from heterotic string compactifications.
Remarkable virtual supersymmetric effects in W{sup {+-}} production at high energy hadron colliders
Gounaris, G. J.; Layssac, J.; Renard, F. M.
2008-01-01
We present a complete 1-loop study of the electroweak corrections to the process ug{yields}dW{sup +} in the minimal supersymmetric standard model and the standard model. The occurrence of a number of remarkable properties in the behavior of the helicity amplitudes at high energies is stressed, and the crucial role of the virtual supersymmetric (SUSY) contributions in establishing them is emphasized. The approach to asymptopia of these amplitudes is discussed, comparing the effects of the logarithmic and constant contributions to the mass-suppressed ones, which are relevant at lower energies. Applying crossing to ug{yields}dW{sup +}, we obtain all subprocesses needed for the 1-loop electroweak corrections to W{sup {+-}}-production at LHC. The SUSY model dependence of such a production is then studied, and illustrations are given for the transverse W{sup {+-}} momentum distribution, as well as the angular distribution in the subprocess center of mass.
Impacts of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity
Aoki, Shuntaro; Yamada, Yusuke E-mail: yuusuke-yamada@asagi.waseda.jp
2015-07-01
We show the effects of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity. The results show that such terms generically modify the effective kinetic coefficient of the inflaton during inflation if the cut off scale of the higher derivative operators is sufficiently small. In such a case, the η-problem in supergravity does not occur, and we find that the effective potential of the inflaton generically becomes a power type potential with a power smaller than two.
Same-sign trileptons as a signal of sneutrino lightest supersymmetric particle
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chatterjee, Arindam; Chakrabarty, Nabarun; Mukhopadhyaya, Biswarup
2016-03-01
Contrary to common expectation, a left-sneutrino can occasionally be the lightest supersymmetric particle. This has important implications in both collider and dark matter studies. We show that same-sign tri-lepton (SS3L) events at the Large Hadron Collider, with any lepton having opposite sign vetoed, distinguish such scenarios, up to gluino masses exceeding 2 TeV. The jets + MET signal rate is somewhat suppressed in this case, thus enhancing the scope of leptonic signals.
On Green-Cusson Ansätze and deformed supersymmetric quantum mechanics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Beckers, J.; Debergh, N.
1996-11-01
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics cannot be deformed when the superposition of only a pair of usual bosons and fermions is considered, but it can if nontrivial parabosons and parafermions of the same order p of paraquantization are superposed. We take the simplest case p=2 and exhibit reducibility problems in that context by using Green-Cusson Ansätze following Macfarlane methods. Specific representations of the Lie superalgebra osp (2|2, R) play an interesting role in connection with possible deformations.
Integrability and maximally helicity violating diagrams in n=4 supersymmetric yang-mills theory.
Brandhuber, Andreas; Penante, Brenda; Travaglini, Gabriele; Young, Donovan
2015-02-20
We apply maximally helicity violating (MHV) diagrams to the derivation of the one-loop dilatation operator of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in the SO(6) sector. We find that in this approach the calculation reduces to the evaluation of a single MHV diagram in dimensional regularization. This provides the first application of MHV diagrams to an off-shell quantity. We also discuss other applications of the method and future directions. PMID:25763951
B-tagging and the search for neutral supersymmetric Higgs bosons at D0
Scanlon, Tim
2006-10-01
A search for neutral supersymmetric Higgs bosons and work relating to the improvement of the b-tagging and trigger capabilities at the D0 detector during Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron collider is presented. The search for evidence of the Higgs sector in the Standard Model (SM) and supersymmetric extensions of the SM are a high priority for the D0 collaboration, and b-tagging and good triggers are a vital component of these searches. The development and commissioning of the first triggers at D0 which use b-tagging is outlined, along with the development of a new secondary vertex b-tagging tool for use in the Level 3 trigger. Upgrades to the Level 3 trigger hit finding code, which have led to significant improvements in the quality and efficiency of the tracking code, and by extension the b-tagging tools, are also presented. An offline Neural Network (NN) b-tagging tool was developed, trained on Monte Carlo and extensively tested and measured on data. The new b-tagging tool significantly improves the b-tagging performance at D0, for a fixed fake rate relative improvements in signal efficiency range from ~ 40% to ~ 15%. Fake rates, for a fixed signal efficiency, are typically reduced to between a quarter and a third of their value. Finally, three versions of the search for neutral supersymmetric Higgs bosons are presented. The latest version of the analysis makes use of almost 1 fb^{-1} of data, the new NN b-tagger and the new b-tagging triggers, and has set one of the world's best limits on the supersymmetric parameter tanβ in the mass range 90 to 150 GeV.
Two-loop level rainbowlike supersymmetric contribution to the fermion electric dipole moment
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yamanaka, Nodoka
2013-01-01
We calculate the two-loop level electric and chromoelectric dipole moments of the fermion involving the fermion-sfermion inner loop, gaugino, and Higgsino in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, and analyze the chromoelectric dipole moment with the top-stop inner loop. It is found that this contribution is comparable with, and even dominates, in some situations over the Barr-Zee type diagram generated from the CP violation of the top squark sector in TeV scale supersymmetry breaking.
Mass and mixing angle patterns in the Standard Model and its material Supersymmetric Extension
Ramond, P.
1992-01-01
Using renormalization group techniques, we examine several interesting relations among masses and mixing angles of quarks and lepton in the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Interactions as a functionof scale. We extend the analysis to the minimal Supersymmetric Extension to determine its effect on these mass relations. For a heavy to quark, and minimal supersymmetry, most of these relations, can be made to agree at one unification scale.
Supersymmetric gauge theory on a class of cocalibrated G2-structures
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lischewski, Andree
2015-06-01
Given a seven-dimensional cocalibrated G2-structure that satisfies an additional trace condition, we construct a supersymmetric Yang-Mills-Lagrangian on it, with the supersymmetry parameters being a distinguished generalized Killing spinor of the G2-structure. The construction is based on a reinterpretation of certain generalized Killing spinors as parallel spinors in an ambient space. The results generalize previous attempts for flat G2-structures and those admitting geometric Killing spinors.
Integrability and maximally helicity violating diagrams in n=4 supersymmetric yang-mills theory.
Brandhuber, Andreas; Penante, Brenda; Travaglini, Gabriele; Young, Donovan
2015-02-20
We apply maximally helicity violating (MHV) diagrams to the derivation of the one-loop dilatation operator of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in the SO(6) sector. We find that in this approach the calculation reduces to the evaluation of a single MHV diagram in dimensional regularization. This provides the first application of MHV diagrams to an off-shell quantity. We also discuss other applications of the method and future directions.
Impacts of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity
Aoki, Shuntaro; Yamada, Yusuke
2015-07-14
We show the effects of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity. The results show that such terms generically modify the effective kinetic coefficient of the inflaton during inflation if the cut off scale of the higher derivative operators is sufficiently small. In such a case, the η-problem in supergravity does not occur, and we find that the effective potential of the inflaton generically becomes a power type potential with a power smaller than two.
Dark Matter in Supersymmetric U(1){sub B-L} Model
Khalil, S.; Okada, H.
2009-04-17
We analyze the dark matter problem in the context of supersymmetric, U(1){sub B-L} model. In this model, the lightest neutalino can be B-L gaugino Z-tilde{sub B-L} or Higgsinos {chi}-tilde{sub 1,2} dominated. We examine the thermal relic abundance of these particles and discuss the prospects for their direct detection if they form part of our galactic halo.
A parametric approach to supersymmetric quantum mechanics in the solution of Schrödinger equation
Tezcan, Cevdet; Sever, Ramazan
2014-03-15
We study exact solutions of the Schrödinger equation for some potentials. We introduce a parametric approach to supersymmetric quantum mechanics to calculate energy eigenvalues and corresponding wave functions exactly. As an application we solve Schrödinger equation for the generalized Morse potential, modified Hulthen potential, deformed Rosen-Morse potential and Poschl-Teller potential. The method is simple and effective to get the results.
Regularization of two-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory via non-commutative geometry
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Valavane, K.
2000-11-01
The non-commutative geometry is a possible framework to regularize quantum field theory in a non-perturbative way. This idea is an extension of the lattice approximation by non-commutativity that allows us to preserve symmetries. The supersymmetric version is also studied and more precisely in the case of the Schwinger model on a supersphere. This paper is a generalization of this latter work to more general gauge groups.
... Story" 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Family Meals KidsHealth > For Parents > Family Meals Print A ... even more important as kids get older. Making Family Meals Happen It can be a big challenge ...
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Your family history includes health information about you and your close relatives. Families have many factors in common, including their genes, ... as heart disease, stroke, and cancer. Having a family member with a disease raises your risk, but ...
Ferrer, Francesc; Krauss, Lawrence M.; Profumo, Stefano
2006-12-01
We explore the prospects for indirect detection of neutralino dark matter in supersymmetric models with an extended Higgs sector (next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model, or NMSSM). We compute, for the first time, one-loop amplitudes for NMSSM neutralino pair annihilation into two photons and two gluons, and point out that extra diagrams (with respect to the minimal supersymmetric standard model, or MSSM), featuring a potentially light CP-odd Higgs boson exchange, can strongly enhance these radiative modes. Expected signals in neutrino telescopes due to the annihilation of relic neutralinos in the Sun and in the Earth are evaluated, as well as the prospects of detection of a neutralino annihilation signal in space-based gamma-ray, antiproton and positron search experiments, and at low-energy antideuteron searches. We find that in the low mass regime the signals from capture in the Earth are enhanced compared to the MSSM, and that NMSSM neutralinos have a remote possibility of affecting solar dynamics. Also, antimatter experiments are an excellent probe of galactic NMSSM dark matter. We also find enhanced two-photon decay modes that make the possibility of the detection of a monochromatic gamma-ray line within the NMSSM more promising than in the MSSM, although likely below the sensitivity of next generation gamma-ray telescopes.
Koller, Andrew; Olshanii, Maxim
2011-12-15
We present a case demonstrating the connection between supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSYQM), reflectionless scattering, and soliton solutions of integrable partial differential equations. We show that the members of a class of reflectionless Hamiltonians, namely, Akulin's Hamiltonians, are connected via supersymmetric chains to a potential-free Hamiltonian, explaining their reflectionless nature. While the reflectionless property in question has been mentioned in the literature for over two decades, the enabling algebraic mechanism was previously unknown. Our results indicate that the multisoliton solutions of the sine-Gordon and nonlinear Schroedinger equations can be systematically generated via the supersymmetric chains connecting Akulin's Hamiltonians. Our findings also explain a well-known but little-understood effect in laser physics: when a two-level atom, initially in the ground state, is subjected to a laser pulse of the form V(t)=(n({h_bar}/2{pi})/{tau})/cosh(t/{tau}), with n being an integer and {tau} being the pulse duration, it remains in the ground state after the pulse has been applied, for any choice of the laser detuning.
Upper bound on the gluino mass in supersymmetric models with extra matters
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Moroi, Takeo; Yanagida, Tsutomu T.; Yokozaki, Norimi
2016-09-01
We discuss the upper bound on the gluino mass in supersymmetric models with vector-like extra matters. In order to realize the observed Higgs mass of 125 GeV, the gluino mass is bounded from above in supersymmetric models. With the existence of the vector-like extra matters at around TeV, we show that such an upper bound on the gluino mass is significantly reduced compared to the case of minimal supersymmetric standard model. This is due to the fact that radiatively generated stop masses as well the stop trilinear coupling are enhanced in the presence of the vector-like multiplets. In a wide range of parameter space of the model with extra matters, particularly with sizable tan β (which is the ratio of the vacuum expectation values of the two Higgs bosons), the gluino is required to be lighter than ∼ 3 TeV, which is likely to be within the reach of forthcoming LHC experiment.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Seita, John R.
2014-01-01
Family privilege is defined as "strengths and supports gained through primary caring relationships." A generation ago, the typical family included two parents and a bevy of kids living under one roof. Now, every variation of blended caregiving qualifies as family. But over the long arc of human history, a real family was a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Washington, Charles W., Ed.
1996-01-01
This newsletter theme issue focuses on the impact of learning disabilities within families, specifically families with low literacy skills. It explores the effectiveness of family literacy programs, examines the connection between the field of family literacy and learning disabilities (LD), and offers suggestions on how to work with students with…
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Williams, James G.
1991-01-01
More than 100 asteroid families are presented in Williams. Several examples of cratering events are known including family numbers 150, 162, 169, and 189. These are recognizable as many small fragments adjacent to and to one side (in three dimensions) of a much larger cratered body. Family numbers 138 and 140 are adjacent in proper element space. In population they are an intermediate step between the long recognizable families and the more frequent less populated families. Family number 164 is the fifth most populous family in the belt. All members are faint and nothing is known of the physical properties.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Khan, Saki
2016-06-01
We present a minimal renormalizable non-supersymmetric S O(10) grand unified model with a symmetry breaking sector consisting of Higgs fields in the 54H + 126H + 10H representations. This model admits a single intermediate scale associated with Pati-Salam symmetry along with a discrete parity. Spontaneous symmetry breaking, the unification of gauge couplings and proton lifetime estimates are studied in detail in this framework. Including threshold corrections self-consistently, obtained from a full analysis of the Higgs potential, we show that the model is compatible with the current experimental bound on proton lifetime. The model generally predicts an upper bound of few times 1035 yrs for proton lifetime, which is not too far from the present Super-Kamiokande limit of τp ≳ 1.29 × 1034 yrs. With the help of a Pecci-Quinn symmetry and the resulting axion, the model provides a suitable dark matter candidate while also solving the strong CP problem. The intermediate scale, MI ≈ (1013 - 1014) GeV which is also the B - L scale, is of the right order for the right-handed neutrino mass which enables a successful description of light neutrino masses and oscillations. The Yukawa sector of the model consists of only two matrices in family space and leads to a predictive scenario for quark and lepton masses and mixings. The branching ratios for proton decay are calculable with the leading modes being p → e+π0 and p →v ¯π+ . Even though the model predicts no new physics within the reach of LHC, the next generation proton decay detectors and axion search experiments have the capability to pass verdict on this minimal scenario.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Accomando, Elena; Barducci, Daniele; De Curtis, Stefania; Fiaschi, Juri; Moretti, Stefano; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.
2016-07-01
The Drell-Yan di-lepton production at hadron colliders is by far the preferred channel to search for new heavy spin-1 particles. Traditionally, such searches have exploited the Narrow Width Approximation (NWA) for the signal, thereby neglecting the effect of the interference between the additional Z '-bosons and the Standard Model Z and γ. Recently, it has been established that both finite width and interference effects can be dealt with in experimental searches while still retaining the model independent approach ensured by the NWA. This assessment has been made for the case of popular single Z '-boson models currently probed at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). In this paper, we test the scope of the CERN machine in relation to the above issues for some benchmark multi Z '-boson models. In particular, we consider Non-Universal Extra Dimensional (NUED) scenarios and the 4-Dimensional Composite Higgs Model (4DCHM), both predicting a multi- Z ' peaking structure. We conclude that in a variety of cases, specifically those in which the leptonic decays modes of one or more of the heavy neutral gauge bosons are suppressed and/or significant interference effects exist between these or with the background, especially present when their decay widths are significant, traditional search approaches based on the assumption of rather narrow and isolated objects might require suitable modifications to extract the underlying dynamics.
Lee, Guan-Chiun; Lee, Li-Chiun; Sava, Vasyl; Shaw, Jei-Fu
2002-01-01
The 17 non-universal serine codons (CTG) in the Candida rugosa LIP2 gene have been converted into universal serine codons (TCT) by overlap extension PCR-based multiple site-directed mutagenesis. An active recombinant LIP2 lipase was overexpressed in Pichia pastoris and secreted into the culture medium. The recombinant LIP2 showed distinguishing catalytic activities when compared with recombinant LIP4 and commercial C. rugosa lipase. The purified enzyme showed optimum activity at pH 7 and a broad temperature optimum in the range 30-50 degrees C. The enzyme retained 80% of residual activity after being heated at 70 degrees C for 10 min. Recombinant LIP2 demonstrated high esterase activity towards long-chain (C12-C16) p-nitrophenyl esters. Tributyrin was the preferred substrate among all triacylglycerols tested for lipolysis. Among cholesteryl esters, LIP2 showed highest lipolytic activity towards cholesteryl laurate. The esterification of myristic acid with alcohols of various chain lengths showed that the long-chain n-octadecanol (C18) was the preferred substrate. In contrast, the esterification of n-propanol with fatty acids of various chain lengths showed that the short-chain butyric acid was the best substrate. From comparative modelling analysis, it appears that several amino acid substitutions resulting in greater hydrophobicity in the substrate-binding site might play an important role in the substrate specificity of LIP2. PMID:12020350
Muslim Families and Family Therapy.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Daneshpour, Manijeh
1998-01-01
Examines the applicability of the Anglo-American models of family therapy to Muslim immigrant families. The differences in value systems are the Muslim families' preferences for greater connectedness, a less flexible and more hierarchical family structure, and an implicit communication style. Suggests that directions for change for Muslims need to…
Cancer, Families, and Family Counselors.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duffy, Maureen; Gillig, Scott
2003-01-01
Examines the role of the family counselor in working with cancer patients and their families. Suggests ways in which the family counselor can work proactively with families in the area of cancer prevention and helping them cope more effectively with its impact on their lives. Uses a clinical case example to illustrate intervention with cancer…
Family Violence and Family Physicians
Herbert, Carol P.
1991-01-01
The acronym IDEALS summarizes family physicians' obligations when violence is suspected: to identify family violence; document injuries; educate families and ensure safety for victims; access resources and coordinate care; co-operate in the legal process; and provide support for families. Failure to respond reflects personal and professional experience and attitudes, fear of legal involvement, and lack of knowledge. Risks of intervention include physician burnout, physician overfunctioning, escalation of violence, and family disruption. PMID:21228987
A search for supersymmetric electrons with the Mark II detector at PEP (Positron Electron Project)
LeClaire, B.W.
1987-10-01
An experimental search for selectrons, the supersymmetric partner of the electron, has been performed at the PEP storage ring at SLAC using the Mark II detector. The experimental search done was based upon hypothetical reaction in e/sup +/e/sup -/ interactions at PEP center of mass energies of 29 GeV. In this reaction the selectrons, e-tilde, are assumed produced by the interaction of one of initial state electrons with a photon radiated from the other initial state electron. This latter electron is assumed to continue down the beam pipe undetected. The photon and electron then produce a selectron and a photino, ..gamma..-tilde, in the supersymmetric analog of Compton scattering. The photino is assumed to be the lightest supersymmetric particle, and as such, does not interact in the detector, thereby escaping detection very much like a neutrino. The selectron is assumed to immediately decay into an electron and photino. This electron is produced with large p perpendicular with respect to the beam pipe, since it must balance the transverse momentum carried off by the photinos. Thus, the experimental signature of the process is a single electron in the detector with a large unbalanced tranverse momentum. No events of this type were observed in the original search of 123 pb/sup -1/ of data, resulting in a cross section limit of less than 2.4 x 10/sup -2/ pb (at the 95% CL) within the detector acceptance. This cross section upper limit applies to any process which produces anomalous single electron events with missing transverse momentum. When interpreted as a supersymmetry search it results in a lower selectron mass limit of 22.2 GeV/c/sup 2/ for the case of massless photinos. Limits for non-zero mass photinos have been calculated. 87 refs., 67 figs., 17 tabs.
Pomeron in the N=4 supersymmetric gauge model at strong couplings
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kotikov, A. V.; Lipatov, L. N.
2013-09-01
We find the BFKL Pomeron intercept at N=4 supersymmetric gauge theory in the form of the inverse coupling expansion j0=2-2λ-λ-1+1/4λ+2(1+3ζ3)λ-2+O(λ) with the use of the AdS/CFT correspondence in terms of string energies calculated recently. The corresponding slope γ‧(2) of the anomalous dimension calculated directly up to the fifth order of perturbation theory turns out to be in an agreement with the closed expression obtained from the recent Basso results.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dubinin, M. N.; Petrova, E. Yu.
2016-07-01
Constraints on the parameter space of theMinimal Supersymmetric StandardModel (MSSM) that are imposed by the experimentally observed mass of the Higgs boson ( m H = 125 GeV) upon taking into account radiative corrections within an effective theory for the Higgs sector in the decoupling limit are examined. It is also shown that simplified approximations for radiative corrections in theMSSM Higgs sector could reduce, to a rather high degree of precision, the dimensionality of the multidimensionalMSSM parameter space to two.
Bent waveguides for matter-waves: supersymmetric potentials and reflectionless geometries
Campo, Adolfo del; Boshier, Malcolm G.; Saxena, Avadh
2014-01-01
Non-zero curvature in a waveguide leads to the appearance of an attractive quantum potential which crucially affects the dynamics in matter-wave circuits. Using methods of supersymmetric quantum mechanics, pairs of bent waveguides are found whose geometry-induced potentials share the same scattering properties. As a result, reflectionless waveguides, dual to the straight waveguide, are identified. Strictly isospectral waveguides are also found by modulating the depth of the trapping potential. Numerical simulations are used to demonstrate the efficiency of these approaches in tailoring and controlling curvature-induced quantum-mechanical effects. PMID:24919423
Effect of relaxing grand-unification assumptions on neutralinos in the minimal supersymmetric model
Griest, K. ); Roszkowski, L. )
1992-10-15
We consider the phenomenological and cosmological properties of light neutralinos in the minimal supersymmetric model when grand-unification assumptions are relaxed. We show that substantial changes result in the mass and mixing properties of the neutralinos, in the interpretation of recent experimental restrictions on neutralino parameter space, and in the relic abundance of light-neutralino dark matter. Relaxation of the grand-unification assumptions is easily accomplished, even within the minimal supergravity model, and results in a larger neutralino parameter space and the viability of light-neutralino ({approx lt}10--20 GeV) dark matter.
Anagnostopoulos, Konstantinos N; Hanada, Masanori; Nishimura, Jun; Takeuchi, Shingo
2008-01-18
We present the first Monte Carlo results for supersymmetric matrix quantum mechanics with 16 supercharges at finite temperature. The recently proposed nonlattice simulation enables us to include the effects of fermionic matrices in a transparent and reliable manner. The internal energy nicely interpolates the weak coupling behavior obtained by the high temperature expansion, and the strong coupling behavior predicted from the dual black-hole geometry. The Polyakov line asymptotes at low temperature to a characteristic behavior for a deconfined theory, suggesting the absence of a phase transition. These results provide highly nontrivial evidence for the gauge-gravity duality. PMID:18232852
Scalar Top Quark as the Next-to-Lightest Supersymmetric Particle
Peskin, Michael E
1999-09-28
We study phenomenologically the scenario in which the scalar top quark is lighter than any other standard supersymmetric partner and also lighter than the top quark, so that it decays to the gravitino via {tilde t} {yields} W{sup +}b{tilde G}. In this case, scalar top quark events would seem to be very difficult to separate from top quark pair production. However, we show that, even at a hadron collider, it is possible to distinguish these two reactions. We show also that the longitudinal polarization of the final W{sup +} gives insight into the scalar top and wino/Higgsino mixing parameters.
Particle localization in a double-well potential by pseudo-supersymmetric fields
Bagrov, V. G. Samsonov, B. F.; Shamshutdinova, V. V.
2011-06-15
We study properties of a particle moving in a double-well potential in the two-level approximation placed in an additional external time-dependent field. Using previously established property (J. Phys. A 41, 244023 (2008)) that any two-level system possesses a pseudo-supersymmetry we introduce the notion of pseudo-supersymmetric field. It is shown that these fields, even if their time dependence is not periodical, may produce the effect of localization of the particle in one of the wells of the double-well potential.
SDECAY: a Fortran code for the decays of the supersymmetric particles in the MSSM
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mühlleitner, M.; Djouadi, A.; Mambrini, Y.
2005-05-01
We present the Fortran code SDECAY, which calculates the decay widths and branching ratios of all the supersymmetric particles in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, including higher order effects. Besides the usual two-body decays of sfermions and gauginos and the three-body decays of charginos, neutralinos and gluinos, we have also implemented the three-body decays of stops and sbottoms, and even the four-body decays of the stop; the important loop-induced decay modes are also included. The QCD corrections to the two-body decays involving strongly interacting particles and the dominant components of the electroweak corrections to all decay modes are implemented. Program summaryTitle of program: SDECAY Version 1.1a (March 2005) Catalogue identifier: ADVJ Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADVJ Program obtainable: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: none Computer for which the program is designed: Any with a Fortran77 system Operating systems under which the program has been tested: Linux, Unix Typical running time: A few seconds on modern personal computers and workstations Programming language used: Fortran77 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 59 621 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 338 478 Distribution format: tar.gz Memory required to execute (with test data): 7.3 MB Distribution format: ASCII Nature of physical problem: Numerical calculation of the decay widths and branching ratios of supersymmetric particles in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). The program calculates two-, three- and four-body decays and loop decays. It includes the SUSY-QCD corrections to two-body decays involving strongly interacting particles. The top-quark decays within the MSSM are evaluated as well. Method of solution: Two-dimensional numerical integration of the analytic formulae for the double differential decay widths of the three
General N=1 supersymmetric flux vacua of massive type IIA string theory.
Behrndt, Klaus; Cvetic, Mirjam
2005-07-01
We derive conditions for the existence of four-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric flux vacua of massive type IIA string theory with general supergravity fluxes turned on. For an SU(3) singlet Killing spinor, we show that such flux vacua exist when the internal geometry is nearly Kähler. The geometry is not warped, all the allowed fluxes are proportional to the mass parameter, and the dilaton is fixed by a ratio of (quantized) fluxes. The four-dimensional cosmological constant, while negative, becomes small in the vacuum with the weak string coupling.
Gravitational waves from domain walls in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model
Kadota, Kenji; Kawasaki, Masahiro; Saikawa, Ken’ichi
2015-10-16
The next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model predicts the formation of domain walls due to the spontaneous breaking of the discrete Z{sub 3}-symmetry at the electroweak phase transition, and they collapse before the epoch of big bang nucleosynthesis if there exists a small bias term in the potential which explicitly breaks the discrete symmetry. Signatures of gravitational waves produced from these unstable domain walls are estimated and their parameter dependence is investigated. It is shown that the amplitude of gravitational waves becomes generically large in the decoupling limit, and that their frequency is low enough to be probed in future pulsar timing observations.
Mass of the lightest supersymmetric Higgs boson beyond the leading logarithm approximation
Kodaira, J.; Yasui, Y. ); Sasaki, K. )
1994-12-01
We examine the radiative corrections to the mass of the lightest Higgs boson in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model. We use the renormalization-group-improved effective potential which includes the next-to-leading-order contributions. We find that the higher-order corrections to the lightest Higgs boson mass are non-negligible, adding 3--11 GeV (3--9 GeV) to the result in the leading logarithm approximation for the range of top quark mass 100 GeV [lt][ital m][sub [ital t
Coleman-Weinberg mechanism in a three-dimensional supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter model
Ferrari, A. F.; Gallegos, E. A.; Gomes, M.; Silva, A. J. da; Lehum, A. C.; Nascimento, J. R.; Petrov, A. Yu.
2010-07-15
Using the superfield formalism, we study the dynamical breaking of gauge symmetry and superconformal invariance in the N=1 three-dimensional supersymmetric Chern-Simons model, coupled to a complex scalar superfield with a quartic self-coupling. This is an analogue of the conformally invariant Coleman-Weinberg model in four spacetime dimensions. We show that a mass for the gauge and matter superfields are dynamically generated after two-loop corrections to the effective superpotential. We also discuss the N=2 extension of our work, showing that the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism in such model is not feasible, because it is incompatible with perturbation theory.
Supersymmetric dark-matter Q-balls and their interactions in matter
Kusenko, Alexander; Loveridge, Lee C.; Shaposhnikov, Mikhail
2005-07-15
Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model contain nontopological solitons, Q-balls, which can be stable and can be a form of cosmological dark matter. Understanding the interaction of SUSY Q-balls with matter fermions is important for both astrophysical limits and laboratory searches for these dark-matter candidates. We show that a baryon scattering off a baryonic SUSY Q-ball can convert into its antiparticle with a high probability, while the baryon number of the Q-ball is increased by two units. For a SUSY Q-ball interacting with matter, this process dominates over those previously discussed in the literature.
Non-Abelian, supersymmetric black holes and strings in 5 dimensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Meessen, Patrick; Ortín, Tomás; Ramírez, Pedro F.
2016-03-01
We construct and study the first supersymmetric black-hole and black-string solutions of non-Abelian-gauged {N}=1 , d = 5 supergravity ({N}=1 , d = 5 Super-Einstein-Yang-Mills theory) with non-trivial SU(2) gauge fields: BPST instantons for black holes and BPS monopoles of different kinds ('t Hooft-Polyakov, Wu-Yang and Protogenov) for black strings and also for certain black holes that are well defined solutions only for very specific values of all the moduli. Instantons, as well as colored monopoles do not contribute to the masses and tensions but do contribute to the entropies.
Herder, Wouter W de
2012-01-01
Familial GH-secreting tumors are seen in association with three separate hereditary clinical syndromes: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Carney complex, and familial isolated pituitary adenomas. PMID:22584702
The Non-universality of the Low-mass End of the IMF is Robust against the Choice of SSP Model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Spiniello, C.; Trager, S. C.; Koopmans, L. V. E.
2015-04-01
We perform a direct comparison of two state-of-the art single stellar population (SSP) models that have been used to demonstrate the non-universality of the low-mass end of the initial mass function (IMF) slope. The two public versions of the SSP models are restricted to either solar abundance patterns or solar metallicity, too restrictive if one aims to disentangle elemental enhancements, metallicity changes, and IMF variations in massive early-type galaxies (ETGs) with star formation histories different from those in the solar neighborhood. We define response functions (to metallicity and α-abundance) to extend the parameter space for each set of models. We compare these extended models with a sample of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) ETG spectra with varying velocity dispersions. We measure equivalent widths of optical IMF-sensitive stellar features to examine the effect of the underlying model assumptions and ingredients, such as stellar libraries or isochrones, on the inference of the IMF slope down to ∼0.1 M⊙. We demonstrate that the steepening of the low-mass end of the IMF based on a non-degenerate set of spectroscopic optical indicators is robust against the choice of the stellar population model. Although the models agree in a relative sense (i.e., both imply more bottom-heavy IMFs for more massive systems), we find non-negligible differences in the absolute values of the IMF slope inferred at each velocity dispersion by using the two different models. In particular, we find large inconsistencies in the quantitative predictions of the IMF slope variations and abundance patterns when sodium lines are used. We investigate the possible reasons for these inconsistencies.
THE NON-UNIVERSALITY OF THE LOW-MASS END OF THE IMF IS ROBUST AGAINST THE CHOICE OF SSP MODEL
Spiniello, C.; Trager, S. C.; Koopmans, L. V. E.
2015-04-20
We perform a direct comparison of two state-of-the art single stellar population (SSP) models that have been used to demonstrate the non-universality of the low-mass end of the initial mass function (IMF) slope. The two public versions of the SSP models are restricted to either solar abundance patterns or solar metallicity, too restrictive if one aims to disentangle elemental enhancements, metallicity changes, and IMF variations in massive early-type galaxies (ETGs) with star formation histories different from those in the solar neighborhood. We define response functions (to metallicity and α-abundance) to extend the parameter space for each set of models. We compare these extended models with a sample of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) ETG spectra with varying velocity dispersions. We measure equivalent widths of optical IMF-sensitive stellar features to examine the effect of the underlying model assumptions and ingredients, such as stellar libraries or isochrones, on the inference of the IMF slope down to ∼0.1 M{sub ⊙}. We demonstrate that the steepening of the low-mass end of the IMF based on a non-degenerate set of spectroscopic optical indicators is robust against the choice of the stellar population model. Although the models agree in a relative sense (i.e., both imply more bottom-heavy IMFs for more massive systems), we find non-negligible differences in the absolute values of the IMF slope inferred at each velocity dispersion by using the two different models. In particular, we find large inconsistencies in the quantitative predictions of the IMF slope variations and abundance patterns when sodium lines are used. We investigate the possible reasons for these inconsistencies.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wieck, Colleen, Ed.; McBride, Marijo, Ed.
1990-01-01
This "Feature Issue" of the quarterly journal "Impact" presents 19 brief articles on family support systems in the United States for persons with developmental disabilities and their families. Emphasis is on provisions of Public Law 99-457. Articles include: "Family Support in the United States: Setting a Course for the 1990s" (James Knoll);…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Goetz, Kathy, Ed.
1992-01-01
This "special focus" journal issue consists of 13 individual articles on the theme of rural family programs relating to school, health services, church, and other institutions. It includes: (1) "Towards a Rural Family Policy" (Judith K. Chynoweth and Michael D. Campbell); (2) "Montana: Council for Families Collaborates for Prevention (Jean…
de la Puente, Alejandro
2012-05-01
In this work, I present a generalization of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM), with an explicit μ-term and a supersymmetric mass for the singlet superfield, as a route to alleviating the little hierarchy problem of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). I analyze two limiting cases of the model, characterized by the size of the supersymmetric mass for the singlet superfield. The small and large limits of this mass parameter are studied, and I find that I can generate masses for the lightest neutral Higgs boson up to 140 GeV with top squarks below the TeV scale, all couplings perturbative up to the gauge unification scale, and with no need to fine tune parameters in the scalar potential. This model, which I call the S-MSSM is also embedded in a gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking scheme. I find that even with a minimal embedding of the S-MSSM into a gauge mediated scheme, the mass for the lightest Higgs boson can easily be above 114 GeV, while keeping the top squarks below the TeV scale. Furthermore, I also study the forward-backward asymmetry in the t¯t system within the framework of the S-MSSM. For this purpose, non-renormalizable couplings between the first and third generation of quarks to scalars are introduced. The two limiting cases of the S-MSSM, characterized by the size of the supersymmetric mass for the singlet superfield is analyzed, and I find that in the region of small singlet supersymmetric mass a large asymmetry can be obtained while being consistent with constraints arising from flavor physics, quark masses and top quark decays.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cacciatori, Sergio L.; Klemm, Dietmar; Mansi, Diego S.; Zorzan, Emanuele
2008-05-01
The timelike supersymmetric solutions of Script N = 2, D = 4 gauged supergravity coupled to an arbitrary number of abelian vector multiplets are classified using spinorial geometry techniques. We show that the generalized holonomy group for vacua preserving N supersymmetries is GL((8-N)/2, Bbb C) ltimes (N/2)Bbb C(8-N)/2 subseteq GL(8, Bbb R), where N = 0, 2, 4, 6, 8. The spacetime turns out to be a fibration over a three-dimensional base manifold with U(1) holonomy and nontrivial torsion. Our results can be used to construct new supersymmetric AdS black holes with nontrivial scalar fields turned on.
Shell-model study on event rates of lightest supersymmetric particles scattering off 83Kr and 125Te
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pirinen, P.; Srivastava, P. C.; Suhonen, J.; Kortelainen, M.
2016-05-01
We investigate the elastic and inelastic scattering of lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) dark matter off two possible target nuclei, 83Kr and 125Te. For the nuclear-structure calculations, we employ the nuclear shell model using recently generated realistic interactions. We have condensed the nuclear-physics contribution to a set of nuclear-structure factors that are independent of the adopted supersymmetric (SUSY) model. Total event rates are then easily calculated by combining the nuclear-structure factors with SUSY parameters of choice. In particular, 125Te shows promise as a detector material with both the elastic and inelastic channels yielding an appreciable nuclear response.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Groot Nibbelink, Stefan; Parr, Erik
2016-08-01
Inspired by the tachyon-free nonsupersymmetric heterotic SO (16 )×SO (16 ) string we consider a special class of nonsupersymmetric field theories: those that can be obtained from supersymmetric field theories by supersymmetry-breaking twists. We argue that such theories, like their supersymmetric counterparts, may still possess some fermionic symmetries as leftovers of the supergauge transformations and have special one-loop nonrenormalization properties due to holomorphicity. In addition, we extend the supergraph techniques to these theories to calculate some explicit supersymmetry-breaking corrections.
Bernhardt, M. A.; Das, S. P.; Dreiner, H. K.; Grab, S.
2009-02-01
We consider B{sub 3} minimal supergravity models where we have one lepton number violating L{sub i}Q{sub j}D{sub k} operator at the grand unification scale. This can alter the supersymmetric mass spectrum leading to a sneutrino as the lightest supersymmetric particle in a large region of parameter space. We take into account the restrictions from neutrino masses, the muon anomalous magnetic moment, b{yields}s{gamma}, and other precision measurements. We furthermore investigate existing restrictions from direct searches at LEP, the Tevatron, and the CERN pp collider. We then give examples for characteristic signatures at the LHC.
Dark radiation and dark matter in supersymmetric axion models with high reheating temperature
Graf, Peter; Steffen, Frank Daniel E-mail: steffen@mpp.mpg.de
2013-12-01
Recent studies of the cosmic microwave background, large scale structure, and big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) show trends towards extra radiation. Within the framework of supersymmetric hadronic axion models, we explore two high-reheating-temperature scenarios that can explain consistently extra radiation and cold dark matter (CDM), with the latter residing either in gravitinos or in axions. In the gravitino CDM case, axions from decays of thermal saxions provide extra radiation already prior to BBN and decays of axinos with a cosmologically required TeV-scale mass can produce extra entropy. In the axion CDM case, cosmological constraints are respected with light eV-scale axinos and weak-scale gravitinos that decay into axions and axinos. These decays lead to late extra radiation which can coexist with the early contributions from saxion decays. Recent results of the Planck satellite probe extra radiation at late times and thereby both scenarios. Further tests are the searches for axions at ADMX and for supersymmetric particles at the LHC.
Balondo Iyela, Daddy; Govaerts, Jan; Hounkonnou, M. Norbert
2013-09-15
Within the context of supersymmetric quantum mechanics and its related hierarchies of integrable quantum Hamiltonians and potentials, a general programme is outlined and applied to its first two simplest illustrations. Going beyond the usual restriction of shape invariance for intertwined potentials, it is suggested to require a similar relation for Hamiltonians in the hierarchy separated by an arbitrary number of levels, N. By requiring further that these two Hamiltonians be in fact identical up to an overall shift in energy, a periodic structure is installed in the hierarchy which should allow for its resolution. Specific classes of orthogonal polynomials characteristic of such periodic hierarchies are thereby generated, while the methods of supersymmetric quantum mechanics then lead to generalised Rodrigues formulae and recursion relations for such polynomials. The approach also offers the practical prospect of quantum modelling through the engineering of quantum potentials from experimental energy spectra. In this paper, these ideas are presented and solved explicitly for the cases N= 1 and N= 2. The latter case is related to the generalised Laguerre polynomials, for which indeed new results are thereby obtained. In the context of dressing chains and deformed polynomial Heisenberg algebras, some partial results for N⩾ 3 also exist in the literature, which should be relevant to a complete study of the N⩾ 3 general periodic hierarchies.
Deformed matrix models, supersymmetric lattice twists and Script N = ¼ supersymmetry
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ünsal, Mithat
2009-05-01
A manifestly supersymmetric nonperturbative matrix regularization for a twisted version of Script N = (8,8) theory on a curved background (a two-sphere) is constructed. Both continuum and the matrix regularization respect four exact scalar supersymmetries under a twisted version of the supersymmetry algebra. We then discuss a succinct Script Q = 1 deformed matrix model regularization of Script N = 4 SYM in d = 4, which is equivalent to a non-commutative A4* orbifold lattice formulation. Motivated by recent progress in supersymmetric lattices, we also propose a Script N = ¼ supersymmetry preserving deformation of Script N = 4 SYM theory on Bbb R4. In this class of Script N = ¼ theories, both the regularized and continuum theory respect the same set of (scalar) supersymmetry. By using the equivalence of the deformed matrix models with the lattice formulations, we give a very simple physical argument on why the exact lattice supersymmetry must be a subset of scalar subalgebra. This argument disagrees with the recent claims of the link approach, for which we give a new interpretation.
Deformed Matrix Models, Supersymmetric Lattice Twists and N=1/4 Supersymmetry
Unsal, Mithat
2008-09-24
A manifestly supersymmetric nonperturbative matrix regularization for a twisted version of N = (8, 8) theory on a curved background (a two-sphere) is constructed. Both continuum and the matrix regularization respect four exact scalar supersymmetries under a twisted version of the supersymmetry algebra. We then discuss a succinct Q = 1 deformed matrix model regularization of N = 4 SYM in d = 4, which is equivalent to a non-commutative A*{sub 4} orbifold lattice formulation. Motivated by recent progress in supersymmetric lattices, we also propose a N = 1/4 supersymmetry preserving deformation of N = 4 SYM theory on R{sup 4}. In this class of N = 1/4 theories, both the regularized and continuum theory respect the same set of (scalar) supersymmetry. By using the equivalence of the deformed matrix models with the lattice formulations, we give a very simple physical argument on why the exact lattice supersymmetry must be a subset of scalar subalgebra. This argument disagrees with the recent claims of the link approach, for which we give a new interpretation.
Iteration of Planar Amplitudes inMaximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theoryat Three Loops
Bern, Zvi; Dixon, Lance J.; Smirnov, Vladimir A.; /Moscow State U.
2005-05-27
We compute the leading-color (planar) three-loop four-point amplitude of N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in 4 - 2{epsilon} dimensions, as a Laurent expansion about {epsilon} = 0 including the finite terms. The amplitude was constructed previously via the unitarity method, in terms of two Feynman loop integrals, one of which has been evaluated already. Here we use the Mellin-Barnes integration technique to evaluate the Laurent expansion of the second integral. Strikingly, the amplitude is expressible, through the finite terms, in terms of the corresponding one- and two-loop amplitudes, which provides strong evidence for a previous conjecture that higher-loop planar N = 4 amplitudes have an iterative structure. The infrared singularities of the amplitude agree with the predictions of Sterman and Tejeda-Yeomans based on resummation. Based on the four-point result and the exponentiation of infrared singularities, we give an exponentiated ansatz for the maximally helicity-violating n-point amplitudes to all loop orders. The 1/{epsilon}{sup 2} pole in the four-point amplitude determines the soft, or cusp, anomalous dimension at three loops in N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The result confirms a prediction by Kotikov, Lipatov, Onishchenko and Velizhanin, which utilizes the leading-twist anomalous dimensions in QCD computed by Moch, Vermaseren and Vogt. Following similar logic, we are able to predict a term in the three-loop quark and gluon form factors in QCD.
Axions and saxions from the primordial supersymmetric plasma and extra radiation signatures
Graf, Peter; Steffen, Frank Daniel E-mail: steffen@mpp.mpg.de
2013-02-01
We calculate the rate for thermal production of axions and saxions via scattering of quarks, gluons, squarks, and gluinos in the primordial supersymmetric plasma. Systematic field theoretical methods such as hard thermal loop resummation are applied to obtain a finite result in a gauge-invariant way that is consistent to leading order in the strong gauge coupling. We calculate the thermally produced yield and the decoupling temperature for both axions and saxions. For the generic case in which saxion decays into axions are possible, the emitted axions can constitute extra radiation already prior to big bang nucleosynthesis and well thereafter. We update associated limits imposed by recent studies of the primordial helium-4 abundance and by precision cosmology of the cosmic microwave background and large scale structure. We show that the trend towards extra radiation seen in those studies can be explained by late decays of thermal saxions into axions and that upcoming Planck results will probe supersymmetric axion models with unprecedented sensitivity.
N=2, 4 supersymmetric gauge field theory in two-time physics
Bars, Itzhak; Kuo, Y.-C.
2009-01-15
In the context of two-time physics in 4+2 dimensions we construct the most general N=2, 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills gauge theories for any gauge group G. This builds on our previous work for N=1 supersymmetry (SUSY). The action, the conserved SUSY currents, and the SU(N) covariant SUSY transformation laws are presented for both N=2 and N=4. When the equations of motion are used the SUSY transformations close to the supergroup SU(2,2|N) with N=1, 2, 4. The SU(2,2)=SO(4,2) subsymmetry is realized linearly on 4+2 dimensional flat spacetime. All fields, including vectors and spinors, are in 4+2 dimensions. The extra gauge symmetries in 2T field theory, together with the kinematic constraints that follow from the action, remove all the ghosts to give a unitary theory. By choosing gauges and solving the kinematic equations, the 2T field theory in 4+2 flat spacetime can be reduced to various shadows in various 3+1 dimensional (generally curved) spacetimes. These shadows are related to each other by dualities. The conformal shadows of our theories in flat 3+1 dimensions coincide with the well known counterpart N=1, 2, 4 supersymmetric massless renormalizable field theories in 3+1 dimensions. It is expected that our more symmetric new structures in 4+2 spacetime may be useful for nonperturbative or exact solutions of these theories.
Amplitudes in the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory from quantum geometry of momentum space
Gorsky, A.
2009-12-15
We discuss multiloop maximally helicity violating amplitudes in the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in terms of effective gravity in the momentum space with IR regulator branes as degrees of freedom. Kinematical invariants of external particles yield the moduli spaces of complex or Kahler structures which are the playgrounds for the Kodaira-Spencer or Kahler type gravity. We suggest fermionic representation of the loop maximally helicity violating amplitudes in the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory assuming the identification of the IR regulator branes with Kodaira-Spencer fermions in the B model and Lagrangian branes in the A model. The two-easy mass box diagram is related to the correlator of fermionic currents on the spectral curve in the B model or hyperbolic volume in the A model and it plays the role of a building block in the whole picture. The Bern-Dixon-Smirnov-like ansatz has the interpretation as the semiclassical limit of a fermionic correlator. It is argued that fermionic representation implies a kind of integrability on the moduli spaces. We conjecture the interpretation of the reggeon degrees of freedom in terms of the open strings stretched between the IR regulator branes.
Amplitudes in the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory from quantum geometry of momentum space
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gorsky, A.
2009-12-01
We discuss multiloop maximally helicity violating amplitudes in the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in terms of effective gravity in the momentum space with IR regulator branes as degrees of freedom. Kinematical invariants of external particles yield the moduli spaces of complex or Kahler structures which are the playgrounds for the Kodaira-Spencer or Kahler type gravity. We suggest fermionic representation of the loop maximally helicity violating amplitudes in the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory assuming the identification of the IR regulator branes with Kodaira-Spencer fermions in the B model and Lagrangian branes in the A model. The two-easy mass box diagram is related to the correlator of fermionic currents on the spectral curve in the B model or hyperbolic volume in the A model and it plays the role of a building block in the whole picture. The Bern-Dixon-Smirnov-like ansatz has the interpretation as the semiclassical limit of a fermionic correlator. It is argued that fermionic representation implies a kind of integrability on the moduli spaces. We conjecture the interpretation of the reggeon degrees of freedom in terms of the open strings stretched between the IR regulator branes.
Masses of third family vectorlike quarks and leptons in Yukawa-unified E6
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hebbar, Aditya; Leontaris, George K.; Shafi, Qaisar
2016-06-01
In supersymmetric E6 the masses of the third family quarks and charged lepton, t -b -τ , as well as the masses of the vectorlike quarks and leptons, D -D ¯ and L -L ¯, may arise from the coupling 2 73×2 73×2 7H, where 2 73 and 2 7H denote the third family matter and Higgs multiplets, respectively. We assume that the SO(10) singlet component in 2 7H acquires a TeV-scale vacuum expectation value that spontaneously breaks U (1 )ψ and provides masses to the vectorlike particles in 2 73, while the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model doublets in 2 7H provide masses to t , b , and τ . Imposing Yukawa coupling unification ht=hb=hτ=hD=hL at MGUT and employing the ATLAS and CMS constraints on the Zψ' boson mass, we estimate the lower bounds on the third family vectorlike particles D -D ¯ and L -L ¯ masses to be around 5.85 TeV and 2.9 TeV, respectively. These bounds apply in the supersymmetric limit.
Schulze-Halberg, Axel E-mail: xbataxel@gmail.com; Wang, Jie
2015-07-15
We obtain series solutions, the discrete spectrum, and supersymmetric partners for a quantum double-oscillator system. Its potential features a superposition of the one-parameter Mathews-Lakshmanan interaction and a one-parameter harmonic or inverse harmonic oscillator contribution. Furthermore, our results are transferred to a generalized Pöschl-Teller model that is isospectral to the double-oscillator system.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Naturescope, 1986
1986-01-01
Focuses on various aspects of mammal family life ranging from ways different species are born to how different mammals are raised. Learning activities include making butter from cream, creating birth announcements for mammals, and playing a password game on family life. (ML)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bennett, Dave; Rees-Jones, Tanny
1978-01-01
A Family Workshop is an informal, multidisciplined educational program for adults and children, organized by a team of teachers. This article discusses the Lavender Hill Family Workshop, one of many, which attempts to provide education in various subject areas for adults and for children while also integrating both objectives in order to educate…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sinclair, Mary F., Ed.; And Others
1992-01-01
This feature issue of IMPACT focuses on the empowerment of families with a member who has a developmental disability. It presents strategies and models for a collaborative, respectful approach to service provision, and presents the experiences of families in seeking support and assistance. Feature articles include "Two Generations of Disability: A…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Patton, Jessica Rae
2006-01-01
Parents are a child's first and most influential teacher. People hear this truism often, yet nowhere has the author seen it more taken to heart than at Tower Street Elementary School. The school's efforts to form a true partnership with students' families--from involving families in the first day of school, to the principal making home visits, to…
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses potyvirus study group has revised the description of the family Potyviridae for inclusion in the ICTV 9th report. Characteristic features of each genus within the family is presented. Revised criteria for demarcation and nomenclature of viral sp...
Rafael, José Albertino; Câmara, Josenir Teixeira
2016-01-01
Empididae is one of the biggest families of Diptera with around 3,000 known species. The family is poorly known in Colombia, with only six species reported and this work provides information on their distribution. No endemic genera or species have been recorded to date from Colombia. PMID:27395282
On the doublet/triplet splitting and intermediate mass scales in locally supersymmetric SO(10)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pulido, João
1985-01-01
In the light of the doublet/triplet splitting, the possibilities for an intermediate mass scale in locally supersymmetric SO(10) are analysed. It is found that the subgroup SU(4)c × SU(2)L × SU(2)R and more generally left-right symmetric models are unlikely to survive as intermediate symmetries since they imply too large values of the weak mixing angle. An alternative model using the subgroup SU(3)c × U(1)L × U(1)R is discussed. Requirements from global SUSY preservation impose an extra constraint and predictions for the grand unification and the intermediate masses are obtained at MX ~ 6 × 1015 GeV and MI ~ 1012 GeV. Address after March 1984: Centro de Fisica da Materia Condensada, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 2, 1699 Lisbon Codex, Portugal.
TeV scale mirage mediation and natural little supersymmetric hierarchy
Choi, Kiwoon; Jeong, Kwang Sik; Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Okumura, Ken-ichi
2007-05-01
TeV scale mirage mediation has been proposed as a supersymmetry-breaking scheme reducing the fine-tuning for electroweak symmetry breaking in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model. We discuss a moduli stabilization setup for TeV scale mirage mediation which allows an extradimensional interpretation for the origin of supersymmetry breaking and naturally gives a weak-scale size of the Higgs B parameter. The setup utilizes the holomorphic gauge kinetic functions depending on both the heavy dilaton and the light volume modulus whose axion partners are assumed to be periodic fields. We also examine the low-energy phenomenology of TeV scale mirage mediation, particularly the constraints from electroweak symmetry breaking and flavor changing neutral current processes.
The partition function of the supersymmetric two-dimensional black hole and little string theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Israel, Dan; Kounnas, Costas; Pakman, Ari; Troost, Jan
2004-06-01
We compute the partition function of the supersymmetric two-dimensional euclidean black hole geometry described by the SL(2,Bbb R)/U(1) superconformal field theory. We decompose the result in terms of characters of the N = 2 superconformal symmetry. We point out puzzling sectors of states besides finding expected discrete and continuous contributions to the partition function. By adding an N = 2 minimal model factor of the correct central charge and projecting on integral N = 2 charges we compute the partition function of the background dual to little string theory in a double scaling limit. We show the precise correspondence between this theory and the background for NS5-branes on a circle, due to an exact description of the background as a null gauging of SL(2,Bbb R) × SU(2). Finally, we discuss the interplay between GSO projection and target space geometry.
Supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory in presence of a boundary in the light-like direction
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vohánka, Jiří; Faizal, Mir
2016-03-01
In this paper, we will analyze a three dimensional supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory on a manifold with a boundary. The boundary we will consider in this paper will be defined by n ṡ x = 0, where n is a light-like vector. It will be demonstrated that this boundary is preserved under the action of the SIM (1) subgroup of the Lorentz group. Furthermore, the presence of this boundary will break half of the supersymmetry of the original theory. As the original Chern-Simons theory had N = 1 supersymmetry in absence of a boundary, it will only have N = 1 / 2 supersymmetry in presence of this boundary. We will also observe that the Chern-Simons theory can be made gauge invariant by introducing new degrees of freedom on the boundary. The gauge transformation of these new degrees of freedom will exactly cancel the boundary term obtained from the gauge transformation of the Chern-Simons theory.
Ma, J
2004-01-06
The authors searched for the light neutral scalar Higgs boson h{sup o} and the pseudoscalar Higgs boson A{sup o} of the Minimal Supersymmetric Extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) for the case tan {beta} < 1. The experiment was done with the SLD detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). This analysis is based on the data set collected during the 1993 physics run which contained about 50,000 hadronic Z{sup o} events. After the event selection cuts for hadronic Z{sup 0} decays with CDC information, they select 27,560 events. The Monte Carlo (MC) simulated event distributions agree very well with the data. Good agreement is achieved between MC and the data on the number of events passing each of the event selection cuts.
SuperLFV: An SLHA tool for lepton flavor violating observables in supersymmetric models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Murakami, Brandon
2014-02-01
We introduce SuperLFV, a numerical tool for calculating low-energy observables that exhibit charged lepton flavor violation (LFV) in the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). As the Large Hadron Collider and MEG, a dedicated μ+→e+γ experiment, are presently acquiring data, there is need for tools that provide rapid discrimination of models that exhibit LFV. SuperLFV accepts a spectrum file compliant with the SUSY Les Houches Accord (SLHA), containing the MSSM couplings and masses with complex phases at the supersymmetry breaking scale. In this manner, SuperLFV is compatible with but divorced from existing SLHA spectrum calculators that provide the low energy spectrum. Hence, input spectra are not confined to the LFV sources provided by established SLHA spectrum calculators. Input spectra may be generated by personal code or by hand, allowing for arbitrary models not supported by existing spectrum calculators.
An object oriented code for simulating supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Catterall, Simon; Joseph, Anosh
2012-06-01
We present SUSY_LATTICE - a C++ program that can be used to simulate certain classes of supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theories, including the well known N=4 SYM in four dimensions, on a flat Euclidean space-time lattice. Discretization of SYM theories is an old problem in lattice field theory. It has resisted solution until recently when new ideas drawn from orbifold constructions and topological field theories have been brought to bear on the question. The result has been the creation of a new class of lattice gauge theories in which the lattice action is invariant under one or more supersymmetries. The resultant theories are local, free of doublers and also possess exact gauge-invariance. In principle they form the basis for a truly non-perturbative definition of the continuum SYM theories. In the continuum limit they reproduce versions of the SYM theories formulated in terms of twisted fields, which on a flat space-time is just a change of the field variables. In this paper, we briefly review these ideas and then go on to provide the details of the C++ code. We sketch the design of the code, with particular emphasis being placed on SYM theories with N=(2,2) in two dimensions and N=4 in three and four dimensions, making one-to-one comparisons between the essential components of the SYM theories and their corresponding counterparts appearing in the simulation code. The code may be used to compute several quantities associated with the SYM theories such as the Polyakov loop, mean energy, and the width of the scalar eigenvalue distributions. Program summaryProgram title: SUSY_LATTICE Catalogue identifier: AELS_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AELS_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC license, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 9315 No. of bytes in distributed program
Chiral and real N=2 supersymmetric ℓ-conformal Galilei algebras
Aizawa, N.; Kuznetsova, Z.; Toppan, F.
2013-09-15
Inequivalent N=2 supersymmetrizations of the ℓ-conformal Galilei algebra in d-spatial dimensions are constructed from the chiral (2, 2) and the real (1, 2, 1) basic supermultiplets of the N=2 supersymmetry. For non-negative integer and half-integer ℓ, both superalgebras admit a consistent truncation with a (different) finite number of generators. The real N=2 case coincides with the superalgebra introduced by Masterov, while the chiral N=2 case is a new superalgebra. We present D-module representations of both superalgebras. Then we investigate the new superalgebra derived from the chiral supermultiplet. It is shown that it admits two types of central extensions, one is found for any d and half-integer ℓ, and the other only for d= 2 and integer ℓ. For each central extension, the centrally extended ℓ-superconformal Galilei algebra is realized in terms of its super-Heisenberg subalgebra generators.
Supersymmetric and Kaluza-Klein Particles Multiple Scattering in the Earth
Albuquerque, Ivone; Klein, Spencer
2009-05-19
Neutrino telescopes with cubic kilometer volume have the potential to discover new particles. Among them are next to lightest supersymmetric (NLSPs) and next to lightest Kaluza-Klein (NLKPs) particles. Two NLSPs or NLKPs will transverse the detector simultaneously producing parallel charged tracks. The track separation inside the detector can be a few hundred meters. As these particles might propagate a few thousand kilometers before reaching the detector, multiple scattering could enhance the pair separation at the detector. We find that the multiple scattering will alter the separation distribution enough to increase the number of NLKP pairs separated by more than 100 meters (a reasonable experimental cut) by up to 46% depending on the NLKP mass. Vertical upcoming NLSPs will have their separation increased by 24% due to multiple scattering.
Diphoton resonances in a U (1 )B -L extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lazarides, G.; Shafi, Q.
2016-06-01
Inspired by the 750 GeV diphoton state recently reported by ATLAS and CMS, we propose a U (1 )B-L extension of the MSSM which predicts the existence of four spin zero resonance states that are degenerate in mass in the supersymmetric limit. Vectorlike fields, a gauge singlet field, as well as the MSSM Higgsinos are prevented from acquiring arbitrary large masses by a U (1 ) R symmetry. Indeed, these masses can be considerably lighter than the Z' gauge boson mass. Depending on kinematics, the resonance states could decay into right-handed neutrinos and sneutrinos, and/or MSSM Higgs fields and Higgsinos with total decay widths in the multi-GeV range.
Gravity Waves from the Nonperturbative Decay of Condensates along Supersymmetric Flat Directions
Dufaux, Jean-Francois
2009-07-24
Nonperturbative effects may lead to an explosive decay of flat direction condensates in supersymmetric theories. We confirm the efficiency of this process with lattice simulations: After only one to five rotations of the condensates in their complex plane, most of their energy is converted into inhomogeneous fluctuations. This generates a gravitational wave background, which depends on the inflaton sector and falls in the hertz-kilohertz frequency range today. These gravity waves can be observable by upcoming experiments such as Advanced LIGO and depend crucially on (i) the initial vacuum expectation value of flat directions when they start to oscillate, (ii) their soft supersymmetry-breaking mass, and (iii) the reheat temperature of the Universe. This signal could open a new observational window on inflation and low-energy supersymmetry.
N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills scattering amplitudes at high energies: the Regge cut contribution
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bartels, J.; Lipatov, L. N.; Sabio Vera, A.
2010-02-01
We further investigate, in the planar limit of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories, the high energy Regge behavior of six-point MHV scattering amplitudes. In particular, for the new Regge cut contribution found in our previous paper, we compute in the leading logarithmic approximation (LLA) the energy spectrum of the BFKL equation in the color octet channel, and we calculate explicitly the two-loop corrections to the discontinuities of the amplitudes for the transitions 2→4 and 3→3. We find an explicit solution of the BFKL equation for the octet channel for arbitrary momentum transfers and investigate the intercepts of the Regge singularities in this channel. As an important result we find that the universal collinear and infrared singularities of the BDS formula are not affected by this Regge-cut contribution. Any improvement of the BDS formula should reproduce this cut to all orders in the coupling.
Charged-Higgs-boson production at the LHC: Next-to-leading-order supersymmetric QCD corrections
Dittmaier, Stefan; Kraemer, Michael; Spira, Michael; Walser, Manuel
2011-03-01
The dominant production process for heavy charged-Higgs bosons at the LHC is the associated production with heavy quarks. We have calculated the next-to-leading-order supersymmetric QCD corrections to charged-Higgs production through the parton processes qq,gg{yields}tbH{sup {+-}} and present results for total cross sections and differential distributions. The QCD corrections reduce the renormalization and factorization scale dependence and thus stabilize the theoretical predictions. We present a comparison of the next-to-leading-order results for the inclusive cross section with a calculation based on bottom-gluon fusion gb{yields}tH{sup {+-}} and discuss the impact of the next-to-leading-order corrections on charged-Higgs searches at the LHC.
Oscillating asymmetric sneutrino dark matter from the maximally U(1)L supersymmetric inverse seesaw
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Shao-Long; Kang, Zhaofeng
2016-10-01
The inverse seesaw mechanism provides an attractive approach to generate small neutrino mass, which origins from a tiny U(1)L breaking. In this paper, we work in the supersymmetric version of this mechanism, where the singlet-like sneutrino could be an asymmetric dark matter (ADM) candidate in the maximally U(1)L symmetric limit. However, even a tiny δm, the mass splitting between sneutrino and anti-sneutrino as a result of the tiny U(1)L breaking effect, could lead to fast oscillation between sneutrino and anti-sneutrino and thus spoils the ADM scenario. We study the evolution of this oscillation and find that a weak scale sneutrino, which tolerates a relatively larger δm ∼10-5 eV, is strongly favored. We also investigate possible natural ways to realize that small δm in the model.
Impact of future lepton flavor violation measurements in the minimal supersymmetric standard model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ellis, Sebastian A. R.; Pierce, Aaron
2016-07-01
Working within the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, we compare current bounds from quark flavor changing processes with current and upcoming bounds on lepton flavor violation. We assume supersymmetry breaking approximately respects C P invariance. Under the further assumption that flavor violating insertions in the quark and lepton scalar masses are comparable, we explore when lepton flavor violation provides the strongest probe of new physics. We quote results both for spectra with all superpartners near the TeV scale and where scalars are multi-TeV. Constraints from quark flavor changing neutral currents are in many cases already stronger than those expected from future lepton flavor violation bounds, but large regions of parameter space remain where the latter could provide a discovery mode for supersymmetry.
New source for electroweak baryogenesis in the minimal supersymmetric standard model.
Cline, J M; Kainulainen, K
2000-12-25
One of the most experimentally testable explanations for the origin of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe is that it was created during the electroweak phase transition, in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Previous efforts have focused on the current for the difference of the two Higgsino fields, H1-H2, as the source of biasing sphalerons to create the baryon asymmetry. We point out that the current for the orthogonal linear combination, H1+H2, is larger by several orders of magnitude. Although this increases the efficiency of electroweak baryogenesis, we nevertheless find that large CP-violating angles > or = 0.15 are required to get a large enough baryon asymmetry. PMID:11136036
Scalar top quark as the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle
Chou, Chih-Lung; Peskin, Michael E.
2000-03-01
We study phenomenologically the scenario in which the scalar top quark is lighter than any other standard supersymmetric partner and also lighter than the top quark, so that it decays to the gravitino via t(tilde sign){yields}W{sup +}bG(tilde sign). In this case, scalar top quark events would seem to be very difficult to separate from top quark pair production. However, we show that, even at a hadron collider, it is possible to distinguish these two reactions. We show also that the longitudinal polarization of the final W{sup +} gives insight into the scalar top quark and W-ino-Higgsino mixing parameters. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.
Supersymmetric Explanation of C P Violation in K →π π Decays
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kitahara, Teppei; Nierste, Ulrich; Tremper, Paul
2016-08-01
Recent progress in the determination of hadronic matrix elements has revealed a tension between the measured value of ɛK'/ɛK , which quantifies direct C P violation in K →π π decays, and the standard-model prediction. The well-understood indirect C P violation encoded in the quantity ɛK typically precludes large new-physics contributions to ɛK'/ɛK and challenges such an explanation of the discrepancy. We show that it is possible to cure the ɛK'/ɛK anomaly in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with squark masses above 3 TeV without overshooting ɛK. This solution exploits two features of supersymmetry: the possibility of large isospin-breaking contributions (enhancing ɛK' ) and the Majorana nature of gluinos (permitting a suppression of ɛK). Our solution involves no fine-tuning of C P phases or other parameters.
Supersymmetric Explanation of CP Violation in K→ππ Decays.
Kitahara, Teppei; Nierste, Ulrich; Tremper, Paul
2016-08-26
Recent progress in the determination of hadronic matrix elements has revealed a tension between the measured value of ε_{K}^{'}/ε_{K}, which quantifies direct CP violation in K→ππ decays, and the standard-model prediction. The well-understood indirect CP violation encoded in the quantity ε_{K} typically precludes large new-physics contributions to ε_{K}^{'}/ε_{K} and challenges such an explanation of the discrepancy. We show that it is possible to cure the ε_{K}^{'}/ε_{K} anomaly in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with squark masses above 3 TeV without overshooting ε_{K}. This solution exploits two features of supersymmetry: the possibility of large isospin-breaking contributions (enhancing ε_{K}^{'}) and the Majorana nature of gluinos (permitting a suppression of ε_{K}). Our solution involves no fine-tuning of CP phases or other parameters. PMID:27610846
Higgs inflation, reheating and gravitino production in no-scale Supersymmetric GUTs
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ellis, John; He, Hong-Jian; Xianyu, Zhong-Zhi
2016-08-01
We extend our previous study of supersymmetric Higgs inflation in the context of no-scale supergravity and grand unification, to include models based on the flipped SU(5) and the Pati-Salam group. Like the previous SU(5) GUT model, these yield a class of inflation models whose inflation predictions interpolate between those of the quadratic chaotic inflation and Starobinsky-like inflation, while avoiding tension with proton decay limits. We further analyse the reheating process in these models, and derive the number of e-folds, which is independent of the reheating temperature. We derive the corresponding predictions for the scalar tilt and the tensor-to-scalar ratio in cosmic microwave background perturbations, as well as discussing the gravitino production following inflation.
Non-renormalization of the V c bar c-vertices in N = 1 supersymmetric theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Stepanyantz, K. V.
2016-08-01
Using the Slavnov-Taylor identities we prove that the three-point ghost vertices with a single line of the quantum gauge superfield are not renormalized in all loops in N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories. This statement is verified by the explicit one-loop calculation made by the help of the BRST invariant version of the higher covariant derivative regularization. Using the restrictions to the renormalization constants which are imposed by the non-renormalization of the considered vertices we express the exact NSVZ β-function in terms of the anomalous dimensions of the Faddeev-Popov ghosts and of the quantum gauge superfield. In the expression for the NSVZ β-function obtained in this way the contributions of the Faddeev-Popov ghosts and of the matter superfields have the same structure.
Realizing the supersymmetric inverse seesaw model in the framework of R-parity violation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
de S. Pires, C. A.; Rodrigues, J. G.; Rodrigues da Silva, P. S.
2016-08-01
If, on one hand, the inverse seesaw is the paradigm of TeV scale seesaw mechanism, on the other it is a challenge to find scenarios capable of realizing it. In this work we propose a scenario, based on the framework of R-parity violation, that realizes minimally the supersymmetric inverse seesaw mechanism. In it the energy scale parameters involved in the mechanism are recognized as the vacuum expectation values of the scalars that compose the singlet superfields NˆC and S ˆ . We develop also the scalar sector of the model and show that the Higgs mass receives a new tree-level contribution that, when combined with the standard contribution plus loop correction, is capable of attaining 125 GeV without resort to heavy stops.
Supersymmetric Explanation of CP Violation in K→ππ Decays.
Kitahara, Teppei; Nierste, Ulrich; Tremper, Paul
2016-08-26
Recent progress in the determination of hadronic matrix elements has revealed a tension between the measured value of ε_{K}^{'}/ε_{K}, which quantifies direct CP violation in K→ππ decays, and the standard-model prediction. The well-understood indirect CP violation encoded in the quantity ε_{K} typically precludes large new-physics contributions to ε_{K}^{'}/ε_{K} and challenges such an explanation of the discrepancy. We show that it is possible to cure the ε_{K}^{'}/ε_{K} anomaly in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with squark masses above 3 TeV without overshooting ε_{K}. This solution exploits two features of supersymmetry: the possibility of large isospin-breaking contributions (enhancing ε_{K}^{'}) and the Majorana nature of gluinos (permitting a suppression of ε_{K}). Our solution involves no fine-tuning of CP phases or other parameters.
A search for the lightest supersymmetric partner of the top quark at DØ
Mackin Jr, Dennis S.
2010-08-01
We report the result of a search for the pair production of the lightest supersymmetric partner of the top quark ($\\tilde{t}$_{1}) in 5.4 ± 0.3 fb^{-1} of data from the D0 detector at a p$\\bar{p}$ center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The scalar top quarks are assumed to decay into a b quark, a charged lepton and a scalar neutrino ($\\tilde{v}$), and the search is performed in the electron plus muon final state. No significant excess of events above the standard model prediction is detected and new exclusion limits at the 95% C.L. are set for a portion of the (m_{$\\tilde{t}$1}, m _{$\\tilde{v}$}) mass plane.
Solutions to the Painlevé V equation through supersymmetric quantum mechanics
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bermudez, David; Fernández C, David J.; Negro, Javier
2016-08-01
In this paper we shall use the algebraic method known as supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to obtain solutions to the Painlevé V (PV) equation, a second-order nonlinear ordinary differential equation. For this purpose, we will apply first the SUSY QM treatment to the radial oscillator. In addition, we will revisit the polynomial Heisenberg algebras (PHAs) and we will study the general systems ruled by them: for first-order PHAs we obtain the radial oscillator while for third-order PHAs the potential will be determined by solutions to the PV equation. This connection allows us to introduce a simple technique for generating solutions of the PV equation expressed in terms of confluent hypergeometric functions. Finally, we will classify them into several solution hierarchies.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ellis, John; Ridolfi, Giovanni; Zwirner, Fabio
1991-06-01
We present calculations of the one-loop radiative corrections to the mass of the neutral CP-odd Higgs boson (A) in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model, as well as to the neutral CP-even Higgs (h, H) masses and mixing angles. We use these results to recalculate the cross-sections for Higgs production at LEP in the h+(Z*+ff), h(H)Z0 and h(H)A final states. We delineate the domains of parameter space accessible at LEP I at the Z0 peak and at LEP II with a center-of-mass energy of 180, 190 or 200 GeV. On leave from Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, Padua, Italy.
Natural h{yields}4g in supersymmetric models and R-hadrons at the LHC
Luty, Markus A.; Phalen, Daniel J.; Pierce, Aaron
2011-04-01
We construct a simple and natural supersymmetric model where the dominant Higgs decay is h{yields}aa followed by a{yields}gg. In this case m{sub h}
Supersymmetric SO(10)-inspired leptogenesis and a new N2-dominated scenario
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Di Bari, Pasquale; Re Fiorentin, Michele
2016-03-01
We study the supersymmetric extension of SO(10)-inspired thermal leptogenesis showing the constraints on neutrino parameters and on the reheat temperature TRH that derive from the condition of successful leptogenesis from next-to-lightest right handed (RH) neutrinos (N2) decays and the more stringent ones when independence of the initial conditions (strong thermal leptogenesis) is superimposed. In the latter case, the increase of the lightest right-handed neutrino (N1) decay parameters helps the wash-out of a pre-existing asymmetry and constraints relax compared to the non-supersymmetric case. We find significant changes especially in the case of large tanβ values (gtrsim 15). In particular, for normal ordering, the atmospheric mixing angle can now be also maximal. The lightest left-handed neutrino mass is still constrained within the range 010 lesssim m1/meV lesssim 3 (corresponding to 075lesssim ∑i mi/meV lesssim 12). Inverted ordering is still disfavoured, but an allowed region satisfying strong thermal leptogenesis opens up at large tanβ values. We also study in detail the lower bound on TRH finding TRHgtrsim 1 × 1010 GeV independently of the initial N2 abundance. Finally, we propose a new N2-dominated scenario where the N1 mass is lower than the sphaleron freeze-out temperature. In this case there is no N1 wash-out and we find TRH gtrsim 1× 109 GeV . These results indicate that SO(10)-inspired thermal leptogenesis can be made compatible with the upper bound from the gravitino problem, an important result in light of the role often played by supersymmetry in the quest of a realistic model of fermion masses.
B→K0*(1430)l+l- decays in supersymmetric theories
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aslam, M. Jamil; Lü, Cai-Dian; Wang, Yu-Ming
2009-04-01
The weak decays of B→K0*(1430)l+l- (l=μ, τ) are investigated in minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) and also in supersymmetric (SUSY) SO(10) grand unified theory (GUT) models. Neutral Higgs bosons are the point of main focus in MSSM because they make quite a large contribution in exclusive B→Xsl+l- decays at large tanβ regions of parameter space of SUSY models, as part of SUSY contributions is proportional to tan3β. The analysis of decay rate, forward-backward asymmetries and lepton polarization asymmetries in B→K0*(1430)l+l- show that the values of these physical observables are greatly modified by the effects of neutral Higgs bosons. In SUSY SO(10) grand unified model, the new physics contribution comes from the operators which are induced by the neutral Higgs boson penguins and also from the operators with chirality opposite to that of the corresponding standard model operators. SUSY SO(10) effects show up only in the decay B→K0*μ+μ- where the transverse lepton polarization asymmetries deviate significantly from the SM value while the effects in the decay rate, forward-backward asymmetries, the longitudinal and normal lepton polarization asymmetries are very mild. The transverse lepton polarization asymmetry is almost zero in SM and in MSSM model, whereas it can reach to -0.3 in SUSY SO(10) GUT model which could be seen at the future colliders; hence this asymmetry observable can be used to discriminate between different SUSY models.
Family Theory and Family Health Research
Doherty, William J.
1991-01-01
Different family theories can be applied to different aspects of how families experience health and illness. The family health and illness cycle describes the phases of a family's experience, beginning with health promotion and risk reduction, then family vulnerability and disease onset or relapse, family illness appraisal, family acute response, and finally family adaptation to illness and recovery. For each phase, specific family theories that are most appropriate for guiding family and health research are discussed. PMID:21229056
Family Health and Family Planning.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.
This document is made up of a selection of some of the papers distributed to participants in courses on "Family Health and Family Planning" which have been organized each year since 1973 by the International Children's Center and the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. Six courses, held between 1973 and 1978, brought together a…
... not mean that everyone gets along all the time. Conflicts are a part of family life. Many things can lead to conflict, such as illness, disability, addiction, job loss, school problems, and marital issues. Listening to ...
Golombok, Susan
2005-03-01
The introduction of assisted reproduction has led to unusual forms of procreation. This article describes the social consequences of lesbian motherhood and of families headed by single heterosexual mothers. PMID:15819999
A diet low in cholesterol and saturated fat and rich in unsaturated fat may help to control your LDL level. People with a family history of this condition, particularly if both parents carry the defective ...
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pickett, Robert S.
1977-01-01
Author states that "...the traditional form of family which has been the norm in recent times in the West will persist, but will be forced to "move over" to accommodate other forms of domestic life." (Author)
Wolff, Marta; Pérez, Sandra; Grisales, Diana
2016-01-01
Piophilidae is a little family poorly known in Colombia, with only Piophila casei (L.) and Stearibia nigriceps Meigen reported so far. This catalogue expands the distribution of these species to other localities in the country. PMID:27395294
Falaschi, Rafaela Lopes; Oliveira, Sarah Siqueira; Amorim, Dalton De Souza
2016-06-14
The Bibionidae are a family belonging to the suborder Bibionomorpha with four genera and 17 species known from Colombia. This work expands the distribution of these species to other localities in the country.
Santos, Charles Morphy D; Carmo, Daniel D D
2016-01-01
The family Rhagionidae is one of the oldest Brachyeran lineages. Its monophyly is still uncertain. There are four rhagionid genera distributed in Neotropical Region but only three species of Chrysopilus are found in Colombia. PMID:27395270
Wendt, Lisiane Dilli
2016-01-01
Platystomatidae (Signal Flies) are one of the largest families of Tephritoidea, with about 1200 species and four subfamilies, worldwide distributed. However, Platystomatidae are not well represented in the New World, and in the Neotropical Region only four genera and 26 species, belonging to Platystomatinae, are recorded. The family is a group understudied in Colombia and only one species is recorded to the country. PMID:27395295
Supersymmetric QCD one-loop effects in (un)polarized top-pair production at hadron colliders
Berge, Stefan; Hollik, Wolfgang; Mosle, Wolf M.; Wackeroth, Doreen
2007-08-01
We study the effects of O({alpha}{sub s}) supersymmetric QCD (SQCD) corrections on the total production rate and kinematic distributions of polarized and unpolarized top-pair production in pp and pp collisions. At the Fermilab Tevatron pp collider, top-quark pairs are mainly produced via quark-antiquark annihilation, qq{yields}tt, while at the CERN LHC pp collider gluon-gluon scattering, gg{yields}tt, dominates. We compute the complete set of O({alpha}{sub s}) SQCD corrections to both production channels and study their dependence on the parameters of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. In particular, we discuss the prospects for observing strong, loop-induced SUSY effects in top-pair production at the Tevatron run II and the LHC.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kanemura, Shinya; Senaha, Eibun; Shindou, Tetsuo
2011-11-01
We investigate the one-loop effect of new charged scalar bosons on the Higgs potential at finite temperatures in the supersymmetric standard model with four Higgs doublet chiral superfields as well as a pair of charged singlet chiral superfields. In this model, the mass of the lightest Higgs boson h is determined only by the D-term in the Higgs potential at the tree-level, while the triple Higgs boson coupling for hhh can receive a significant radiative correction due to nondecoupling one-loop contributions of the additional charged scalar bosons. We find that the same nondecoupling mechanism can also contribute to realize stronger first order electroweak phase transition than that in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, which is definitely required for a successful scenario of electroweak baryogenesis. Therefore, this model can be a new candidate for a model in which the baryon asymmetry of the Universe is explained at the electroweak scale.
Restuccia, A.; Sotomayor, A.
2013-11-15
A supersymmetric breaking procedure for N= 1 super Korteweg-de Vries (KdV), using a Clifford algebra, is implemented. Dirac's method for the determination of constraints is used to obtain the Hamiltonian structure, via a Lagrangian, for the resulting solitonic system of coupled KdV type system. It is shown that the Hamiltonian obtained by this procedure is bounded from below and in that sense represents a model which is physically admissible.
Berkooz, Micha; Chung, Daniel J H; Volansky, Tomer
2006-01-27
Nonperturbative preheating decay of postinflationary condensates often results in a high density, low momenta, nonthermal gas. In the case where the nonperturbative classical evolution also leads to Q balls, this effect shields them from instant dissociation, and may radically change the thermal history of the Universe. For example, in a large class of inflationary scenarios, motivated by the minimal supersymmetric standard model and its embedding in string theory, the reheat temperature changes by a multiplicative factor of 10(12). PMID:16486682
Nonzero θ13 for neutrino mixing in a supersymmetric B-L gauge model with T7 lepton flavor symmetry
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cao, Qing-Hong; Khalil, Shaaban; Ma, Ernest; Okada, Hiroshi
2011-10-01
We discuss how θ13≠0 is accommodated in a recently proposed renormalizable model of neutrino mixing using the non-Abelian discrete symmetry T7 in the context of a supersymmetric extension of the standard model with gauged U(1)B-L. We predict a correlation between θ13 and θ23, as well as the effective neutrino mass mee in neutrinoless double beta decay.
Supersymmetric Hubbard operators: Formalism, application and inspiration gained from their usage
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hopkinson, John Michael
In this thesis a supersymmetric Hubbard operator formalism is introduced as a candidate for a microscopic theory of how the Fermi surface could break down close to an antiferromagnetic quantum critical point. This U(1)xSU(1|1) gauge theory hopes to describe the physics of heavy fermions about such a point where purely magnetic or paramagnetic descriptions break down, extending work by Coleman et al. [1, 2] to include charge fluctuations. Within this formalism, an SP(N) t-J model has been written down which may allow one to investigate the possibility of spin and charge separation in the cuprate superconductors. For a simple uncoupled atomic model these operators are found to admit a phase diagram bearing a superficial resemblance to that seen experimentally, in the uncontrolled limit of a single charged SU(2) spin. Exact results for this model are derived and shown to agree well with the field theoretic description as the number of spin degrees of freedom N becomes large. Various approximation schemes have been compared at both a mean field and gaussian corrections level: Abrikosov fermions and Schwinger bosons with susy spins; slave bosons and slave fermions with susy Hubbard operators. A spin degenerate single impurity Anderson model has been treated in the T → 0 limit using the slave fermion and supersymmetric representations. The local magnetization as a function of applied field is found to reproduce the two-stage Kondo effect seen by Coleman et al. [1, 2] for E*f << -Delta0. For E*f ≈ -Delta0 the mixed valent region, the second Kondo quenching process occurs at increasing separation from the first quenching process; while for E*f≥-D0 2 the second quenching effectively disappears altogether. Insight gained from this description led to an effective model for LiV2O 4, a mixed valent frustrated system, whose strongly Hund's coupled spins appear to undergo a two-stage spin quenching to form a heavy Fermi liquid.
Supersymmetric electroweak radiative corrections to e+e--->W+W-. III
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Alam, S.
1994-07-01
This is the third of a series of three papers in which we give a complete analysis of one loop quantum corrections to the W pair production in the context of supersymmetric electroweak theory. We have adopted the on-shell-mass subtraction scheme of Sakakibara and previously demonstrated the consistency of this scheme. In this paper we concentrate mainly on the one loop corrections to the differential cross section arising from the box diagrams. Details of the relevant analytic results are given. We also present our results for the total radiative corrections and wherever possible compare the QFD part of our calculation with previous work. We find a change of approximately 3%-4% in the differential cross section if the Higgs boson mass is varied from 10 GeV to 500 GeV. The differential cross section varies approximately 8% if the top mass is varied between 40 GeV and 150 GeV. Our results for the dependence of the differential cross section on the Higgs boson and top quark are in agreement with Bohm et al. In the context of the SM we find moderate corrections at CERN LEP II energies. We find the percentage (with respect to the tree-level) virtual loop corrections arising from the box diagrams (considered in this paper) due to the addition of SUSY particles varies approximately from 0.18% to -5.67%. As a comparison the percentage virtual corrections due to the box diagrams in the SM varies typically from 0.89% to 8.3%. The SM total percentage virtual loop corrections varies typically from 17.4% to 19%. The above comparison is made at the same center-of-mass energy (200 GeV). The first percentage in this comparison is for center-of-mass angles of 10°, the second being at 90°. Adding all the corrections up we find that the addition of the supersymmetric particles tends to increase the percentage one loop corrections on the order of 6%-8% provided the photino is kept light. With an accurate measurement at LEP II, one can in principle detect such a deviation away from
Supersymmetric electroweak radiative corrections to [ital e][sup +][ital e][sup [minus
Alam, S. )
1994-07-01
This is the third of a series of three papers in which we give a complete analysis of one loop quantum corrections to the [ital W] pair production in the context of supersymmetric electroweak theory. We adopt the on-shell-mass subtraction scheme of Sakakibara. In this paper we concentrate mainly on the one loop corrections to the differential cross section arising from the box diagrams. Details of the relevant analytic results are given. We also present our results for the total radiative corrections and wherever possible compare the QFD part of our calculation with previous work. We find a change of approximately 3%--4% in the differential cross section if the Higgs boson mass is varied from 10 GeV to 500 GeV. The differential cross section varies approximately 8% if the top mass is varied between 40 GeV and 150 GeV. Our results for the dependence of the differential cross section on the Higgs boson and top quark are in agreement with Bohm et al. In the context of the SM we find moderate corrections at CERN LEP II energies. We find the percentage (with respect to the tree-level) virtual loop corrections arising from the box diagrams (considered in this paper) due to the addition of SUSY particles varies approximately from 0.18% to [minus]5.67%. As a comparison the percentage virtual corrections due to the box diagrams in the SM varies typically from 0.89% to 8.3%. The SM total percentage virtual loop corrections varies typically from 17.4% to 19%. The above comparison is made at the same center-of-mass energy (200 GeV). The first percentage in this comparison is for center-of-mass angles of 10[degree], the second being at 90[degree]. Adding all the corrections up we find that the addition of the supersymmetric particles tends to increase the percentage one loop corrections on the order of 6%--8% provided the photino is kept light. With an accurate measurement at LEP II, one can in principle detect such a deviation away from the standard model.
Lepton mixing in A 5 family symmetry and generalized CP
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Li, Cai-Chang; Ding, Gui-Jun
2015-05-01
We study lepton mixing patterns which can be derived from the A 5 family symmetry and generalized CP. We find five phenomenologically interesting mixing patterns for which one column of the PMNS matrix is (the first column of the golden ratio mixing), (the second column of the golden ratio mixing), or . The three lepton mixing angles are determined in terms of a single real parameter θ, and agreement with experimental data can be achieved for certain values of θ. The Dirac CP violating phase is predicted to be trivial or maximal while Majorana phases are trivial. We construct a supersymmetric model based on A 5 family symmetry and generalized CP. The lepton mixing is exactly the golden ratio pattern at leading order, and the mixing patterns of case III and case IV are reproduced after higher order corrections are considered.
Ale-Rocha, Rosaly; De Freitas-Silva, Rafael Augusto Pinheiro
2016-01-01
Hybotidae is a diverse family of the order Diptera, suborder Brachycera, superfamily Empidoidea. Hybotid flies are generally yellow to black, are morphologically diverse, and are distributed worldwide. The monophyly of the family is based on: palpifer and fore tibial gland present, laterotergite bare and R_{4+5} unbranched. Hybotids are mainly predators and are usually found on the vegetation, logs and other surfaces, or in flight during displacement and forage. This catalogue, based on the study of specimens and available literature records, summarizes and updates the information on the Colombian fauna of Hybotidae, which includes 19 species distributed in six genera. PMID:27395283
Chou, Chia-Chun; Kouri, Donald J
2013-04-25
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY-QM) is shown to provide a novel approach to the construction of the initial states for the imaginary time propagation method to determine the first and second excited state energies and wave functions for a two-dimensional system. In addition, we show that all calculations are carried out in sector one and none are performed with the tensor sector two Hamiltonian. Through our tensorial approach to multidimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics, we utilize the correspondence between the eigenstates of the sector one and two Hamiltonians to construct appropriate initial sector one states from sector two states for the imaginary time propagation method. The imaginary time version of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation is integrated to obtain the first and second excited state energies and wave functions using the split operator method for a two-dimensional anharmonic oscillator system and a two-dimensional double well potential. The computational results indicate that we can obtain the first two excited state energies and wave functions even when a quantum system does not exhibit any symmetry. Moreover, instead of dealing with the increasing computational complexity resulting from computations in the tensor sector two Hamiltonian, this study presents a new supersymmetric approach to calculations of accurate excited state energies and wave functions by directly using the scalar sector one Hamiltonian.
Wiernik, Peter H
2015-02-01
Familial leukemia has been described for more than 50 years but only recently have modern genetic techniques allowed for the investigation of the genome. Genome-wide association studies have identified a number of genetic sites that appear to relate to susceptibility to leukemia in certain families and occasionally to susceptibility to a specific leukemia in general. Many questions remain, including susceptibility to what? An oncogenic virus? An environmental chemical? Mutation of another gene induced by a heritable mutation-promoting gene?.Clinically important facts have been learned. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is by far the most common familial leukemia. Patients with CLL have approximately a 10% chance of a first-degree relative developing CLL, and even a greater chance of one developing monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis which may be an asymptomatic forme fruste of the neoplasm. Furthermore, there may be an increased incidence of breast cancer in familial CLL pedigrees which raises the question of a common etiology for neoplasms in general, or at least a previously unrecognized relationship among them.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Araoz, Daniel L.; Negley-Parker, Esther
1985-01-01
A therapeutic model to help families activate experiential and right hemispheric functioning through hypnosis is presented in detail, together with a clinical illustration. Different situations in which this model is effective are mentioned and one such set of circumstances is described. (Author)
Carvalho-Fernandes, Sheila Patrícia
2016-01-01
Sciaridae are a widely distributed family with high number of species. They are known as black fungus gnats due to their dark color and feeding activity. This catalogue presents 17 species from Colombia distributed in eight genera, and for each species the geographical distribution is provided.
Maia, Valéria Cid
2016-01-01
This large family is poorly known in Colombia, where only 44 species have been recorded in 20 genera. All of them are included in Cecidomyiinae, which is the most diverse subfamily of gall midges in number of species and feeding habits, including phytophagous, predaceous and fungivorous species. Most of them are galler. The other subfamilies have never been recorded in this country.
Wolff, Marta; Grisales, Diana; Nihei, Silvio S
2016-01-01
Scathophagidae (Diptera, Calyptratae) is an uncommon group of flies. In Colombia there was no scientific record of this family until now. In this paper we report for the first time the genus Scatogera and the species S. primogenita Albuquerque, collected over 3000m. and previously collected in Ecuador. PMID:27395319
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Frazier, Billie H.
This document contains a brief bibliography of peer-reviewed literature, with abstracts, on family caregiving. It is one of 12 bibliographies on aging prepared by the National Agricultural Library for its "Pathfinders" series of publications. Topics covered by the other 11 bibliographies include aging parents, adult children, dementia and…
Carvalho-Fernandes, Sheila Patrícia
2016-01-01
Sciaridae are a widely distributed family with high number of species. They are known as black fungus gnats due to their dark color and feeding activity. This catalogue presents 17 species from Colombia distributed in eight genera, and for each species the geographical distribution is provided. PMID:27395255
Maia, Valéria Cid
2016-01-01
This large family is poorly known in Colombia, where only 44 species have been recorded in 20 genera. All of them are included in Cecidomyiinae, which is the most diverse subfamily of gall midges in number of species and feeding habits, including phytophagous, predaceous and fungivorous species. Most of them are galler. The other subfamilies have never been recorded in this country. PMID:27395254
Ale-Rocha, Rosaly
2016-01-01
Ropalomeridae is a small family with most species distributed in the Neotropical Region, from Mexico to Argentina, and only one Nearctic species. In Colombia, eight species distributed in four genera have been found. This catalogue, based on the study of specimens and available literature records, summarizes and updates the information on the Colombian fauna. PMID:27395300
Wendt, Lisiane Dilli; Ale-Rocha, Rosaly
2016-01-01
Richardiidae are a family of "acalyptrate" Diptera represented by ca. 180 species distributed in the New World, mostly in the Neotropical region. The species that occur in Colombia have received little attention from taxonomists, and the great majority of them are known only from their type localities. Currently, 14 genera and 23 species are known to occur in the country. PMID:27395297
... and Returns Do you or your spouse frequently travel on business? These can be disruptive times for your child and for the family as ... these out-of-town trips. Spend as much time as it takes to explain where you are ... before and during your travels. You need to acknowledge and accept her feelings: " ...
Ibrahim, Tarek; Nath, Pran
2010-09-01
The electric dipole moment (EDM) of the top quark is calculated in a model with a vector like multiplet which mixes with the third generation in an extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Such mixings allow for new CP violating phases. Including these new CP phases, the EDM of the top in this class of models is computed. The top EDM arises from loops involving the exchange of the W, the Z as well as from the exchange involving the charginos, the neutralinos, the gluino, and the vector like multiplet and their superpartners. The analysis of the EDM of the top is more complicated than for the light quarks because the mass of the external fermion, in this case the top quark mass cannot be ignored relative to the masses inside the loops. A numerical analysis is presented and it is shown that the top EDM could be close to 10{sup -19} ecm consistent with the current limits on the EDM of the electron, the neutron and on atomic EDMs. A top EDM of size 10{sup -19} ecm could be accessible in collider experiments such as the International Linear Collider.
Krishna, S.; Shukla, A.; Malik, R.P.
2014-12-15
Using the supersymmetric (SUSY) invariant restrictions on the (anti-)chiral supervariables, we derive the off-shell nilpotent symmetries of the general one (0+1)-dimensional N=2 SUSY quantum mechanical (QM) model which is considered on a (1, 2)-dimensional supermanifold (parametrized by a bosonic variable t and a pair of Grassmannian variables θ and θ-bar with θ{sup 2}=(θ-bar){sup 2}=0,θ(θ-bar)+(θ-bar)θ=0). We provide the geometrical meanings to the two SUSY transformations of our present theory which are valid for any arbitrary type of superpotential. We express the conserved charges and Lagrangian of the theory in terms of the supervariables (that are obtained after the application of SUSY invariant restrictions) and provide the geometrical interpretation for the nilpotency property and SUSY invariance of the Lagrangian for the general N=2 SUSY quantum theory. We also comment on the mathematical interpretation of the above symmetry transformations. - Highlights: • A novel method has been proposed for the derivation of N=2 SUSY transformations. • General N=2 SUSY quantum mechanical (QM) model with a general superpotential, is considered. • The above SUSY QM model is generalized onto a (1, 2)-dimensional supermanifold. • SUSY invariant restrictions are imposed on the (anti-)chiral supervariables. • Geometrical meaning of the nilpotency property is provided.
Prospects for Higgs boson searches with the tribottom channel in unified supersymmetric models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Baer, Howard; Kao, Chung; Sayre, Joshua
2012-02-01
We investigate the prospects for the discovery of a neutral Higgs boson produced in association with a b quark, followed by the Higgs decay into a pair of bottom quarks, pp→bϕ0→bbb¯+X, at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) within the framework of unified supersymmetric models. The Higgs boson ϕ0 can be a heavy scalar H0 or a pseudoscalar A0. Furthermore, this direct discovery channel is compared with the indirect Higgs searches in the rare decay Bs→μ+μ- at hadron colliders. Promising results are found for the minimal supergravity model, the anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking model, and the gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking model. We find that the indirect search for B(Bs→μ+μ-)≥5×10-9 is complementary to the direct search for bϕ0→bbb¯ with s=14TeV and an integrated luminosity (L) of 300fb-1. In the anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking and gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking models, bϕ0→bbb¯ with L=300fb-1 covers a larger area in the parameter space than B(Bs→μ+μ-)≥5×10-9. In addition, we present constraints from b→sγ and muon anomalous dipole moment (Δaμ) on the parameter space.
Small deformations of supersymmetric Wilson loops and open spin-chains
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Drukker, Nadav; Kawamoto, Shoichi
2006-07-01
We study insertions of composite operators into Wilson loops in Script N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions. The loops follow a circular or straight path and the composite insertions transform in the adjoint representation of the gauge group. This provides a gauge invariant way to define the correlator of non-singlet operators. Since the basic loop preserves an SL(2,Bbb R) subgroup of the conformal group, we can assign a conformal dimension to those insertions and calculate the corrections to the classical dimension in perturbation theory. The calculation turns out to be very similar to that of single-trace local operators and may also be expressed in terms of a spin-chain. In this case the spin-chain is open and at one-loop order has Neumann boundary conditions on the type of scalar insertions that we consider. This system is integrable and we write the Bethe ansatz describing it. We compare the spectrum in the limit of large angular momentum both in the dilute gas approximation and the thermodynamic limit to the relevant string solution in the BMN limit and in the full AdS5 × S5 metric and find agreement.
𝒩 = 2 supersymmetric harmonic oscillator: Basic brackets without canonical conjugate momenta
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Srinivas, N.; Shukla, A.; Malik, R. P.
2015-09-01
We exploit the ideas of spin-statistics theorem, normal-ordering and the key concepts behind the symmetry principles to derive the canonical (anti)commutators for the case of a one (0 + 1)-dimensional (1D) 𝒩 = 2 supersymmetric (SUSY) harmonic oscillator (HO) without taking the help of the mathematical definition of canonical conjugate momenta with respect to the bosonic and fermionic variables of this toy model for the Hodge theory (where the continuous and discrete symmetries of the theory provide the physical realizations of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry). In our present endeavor, it is the full set of continuous symmetries and their corresponding generators that lead to the derivation of basic (anti)commutators amongst the creation and annihilation operators that appear in the normal mode expansions of the dynamical fermionic and bosonic variables of our present 𝒩 = 2 SUSY theory of a HO. These basic brackets are in complete agreement with such kind of brackets that are derived from the standard canonical method of quantization scheme.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Donets, E. E.; Pashnev, A.; Juan Rosales, J.; Tsulaia, M. M.
2000-02-01
The multidimensional N=4 supersymmetric (SUSY) quantum mechanics (QM) is constructed using the superfield approach. As a result, the component form of the classical and quantum Lagrangian and Hamiltonian is obtained. In the SUSY QM considered, both classical and quantum N=4 algebras include central charges, and this opens various possibilities for partial supersymmetry breaking. It is shown that quantum-mechanical models with one-quarter, one-half, and three-quarters of unbroken (broken) supersymmetries can exist in the framework of the multidimensional N=4 SUSY QM, while the one-dimensional N=4 SUSY QM, constructed earlier, admits only one half or total supersymmetry breakdown. We illustrate the constructed general formalism, as well as all possible cases of partial SUSY breaking taking as an example a direct multidimensional generalization of the one-dimensional N=4 superconformal quantum-mechanical model. Some open questions and possible applications of the constructed multidimensional N=4 SUSY QM to the known exactly integrable systems and problems of quantum cosmology are briefly discussed.
Dynamics of N = 4 supersymmetric field theories in 2 + 1 dimensions and their gravity dual
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cottrell, William; Hanson, James; Hashimoto, Akikazu
2016-07-01
In this note we consider N = 4 SYM theories in 2 + 1 dimensions with gauge group U( N ) × U( M ) and k hypermultiplets charged under the U( N ). When k > 2( N - M ), the theory flows to a superconformal fixed point in the IR. Theories with k < 2( N - M ), on the other hand, flows to strong coupling. We explore these theories from the perspective of gravity dual. We find that the gravity duals of theories with k < ( N - M ) contain enhancons even in situations where repulson singularities are absent. We argue that supergravity description is unreliable in the region near these enhancon points. Instead, we show how to construct reliable sugra duals to particular points on the Coulomb branch where the enhancon is screened. We explore how these singularities reappear as one moves around in Coulomb branch and comment on possible field theory interpretation of this phenomenon. In analyzing gauge/gravity duality for these models, we encountered one unexpected surprise, that the condition for the supergravity solution to be reliable and supersymmetric is somewhat weaker than the expectation from field theory. We also discuss similar issues for theories with k = 0.
Nucleon decay via dimension-6 operators in anomalous U(1)A supersymmetric GUT
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Maekawa, Nobuhiro; Muramatsu, Yu
2013-11-01
Nucleon lifetimes for various decay modes via dimension-6 operators are calculated in the anomalous U(1)A grand unified theory (GUT) scenario, in which the unification scale Λu becomes smaller than the usual supersymmetric (SUSY) unification scale ΛG=2×1016GeV in general. Since the predicted lifetime τ(p→π0+ec) falls around the experimental lower bound, though it is strongly dependent on the explicit models, the discovery of the this nucleon decay can be expected in the near future. We explain why the two ratios R1≡(Γn→π0+νc)/(Γp→π0+ec) and R2≡(Γp→K0+μc)/(Γp→π0+ec) are important in identifying the grand unification group, and we show that three anomalous U(1)A SUSY GUT models, with SU(5), SO(10) and E6 grand unification groups, can be identified by measuring the two ratios. If R1 is larger than 0.4, the grand unification group is not SU(5), and moreover, if R2 is larger than 0.3, the grand unification group is implied to be E6.
Search for Pair Production of Supersymmetric Top Quarks in Dilepton Events at the Tevatron
Johnson, William Casey
2010-01-01
We search for pair production of the supersymmetric partner of the top quark, the stop quark ~$\\bar{t}$_{1}, decaying to a b-quark and a chargino X^{-±}_{1} with a subsequent X^{-±}_{1} decay into a neutralino X^{-}_{1} , lepton ℓ, and neutrino . Using 2.7 fb^{-1} of √s = 1.96 TeV p$\\bar{p}$ collision data collected by the CDF II experiment, we reconstruct the mass of candidate stop events and t the observed mass spectrum to a combination of standard model processes and stop signal. No evidence of ~$\\bar{t}$_{1} $\\bar{t}$_{1} production is found, therefore we set 95% C.L. limits on the masses of the stop and the neutralino for several values of the chargino mass and the branching ratio B (X^{-±}_{1} → X^{-0}_{1} ℓ^{±}v).
Supersymmetric model for dark matter and baryogenesis motivated by the recent CDMS result.
Allahverdi, Rouzbeh; Dutta, Bhaskar; Mohapatra, Rabindra N; Sinha, Kuver
2013-08-01
We discuss a supersymmetric model for cogenesis of dark and baryonic matter where the dark matter (DM) has mass in the 8-10 GeV range as indicated by several direct detection searches, including most recently the CDMS experiment with the desired cross section. The DM candidate is a real scalar field. Two key distinguishing features of the model are the following: (i) in contrast with the conventional weakly interacting massive particle dark matter scenarios where thermal freeze-out is responsible for the observed relic density, our model uses nonthermal production of dark matter after reheating of the Universe caused by moduli decay at temperatures below the QCD phase transition, a feature which alleviates the relic overabundance problem caused by small annihilation cross section of light DM particles and (ii) baryogenesis occurs also at similar low temperatures from the decay of TeV scale mediator particles arising from moduli decay. A possible test of this model is the existence of colored particles with TeV masses accessible at the LHC.
LHC signals of a B -L supersymmetric standard model C P -even Higgs boson
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hammad, A.; Khalil, S.; Moretti, S.
2016-06-01
We study the scope of the Large Hadron Collider in accessing a neutral Higgs boson of the B -L supersymmetric standard model. After assessing the surviving parameter space configurations following the Run 1 data taking, we investigate the possibilities of detecting this object during Run 2. For the model configurations in which the mixing between such a state and the discovered standard-model-like Higgs boson is non-negligible, there exist several channels enabling its discovery over a mass range spanning from ≈140 to ≈500 GeV . For a heavier Higgs state, with mass above 250 GeV (i.e., twice the mass of the Higgs state discovered in 2012), the hallmark signature is its decay in two such 125 GeV scalars, h'→h h , where h h →b b ¯ γ γ . For a lighter Higgs state, with mass of order 140 GeV, three channels are accessible: γ γ , Z γ , and Z Z , wherein the Z boson decays leptonically. In all such cases, significances above discovery can occur for already planned luminosities at the CERN machine.
Hanada, Masanori; Miwa, Akitsugu; Nishimura, Jun; Takeuchi, Shingo
2009-05-01
In the string-gauge duality it is important to understand how the space-time geometry is encoded in gauge theory observables. We address this issue in the case of the D0-brane system at finite temperature T. Based on the duality, the temporal Wilson loop W in gauge theory is expected to contain the information of the Schwarzschild radius RSch of the dual black hole geometry as log(W)=RSch/(2pialpha'T). This translates to the power-law behavior log(W)=1.89(T/lambda 1/3)-3/5, where lambda is the 't Hooft coupling constant. We calculate the Wilson loop on the gauge theory side in the strongly coupled regime by performing Monte Carlo simulations of supersymmetric matrix quantum mechanics with 16 supercharges. The results reproduce the expected power-law behavior up to a constant shift, which is explainable as alpha' corrections on the gravity side. Our conclusion also demonstrates manifestly the fuzzball picture of black holes. PMID:19518857
Bottom-tau unification in a supersymmetric model with anomaly-mediation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chigusa, So; Moroi, Takeo
2016-08-01
We study the Yukawa unification, in particular, the unification of the Yukawa coupling constants of b and τ , in the framework of the supersymmetric (SUSY) model. We concentrate on the model in which the SUSY breaking scalar masses are of the order of the gravitino mass while the gaugino masses originate from the effect of anomaly mediation and hence are one-loop suppressed relative to the gravitino mass. We perform an accurate calculation of the Yukawa coupling constants of b and τ at the grand unified theory (GUT) scale, including relevant renormalization group effects and threshold corrections. In particular, we study the renormalization group effects, taking into account the mass splittings among sfermions, gauginos, and the standard model particles. We found that the Yukawa coupling constant of b at the GUT scale is about 70% of that of τ if there is no hierarchy between the sfermion masses and the gravitino mass. Our results suggest sizable threshold corrections to the Yukawa coupling constants at the GUT scale or significant suppressions of the sfermion masses relative to the gravitino mass.
Supersymmetric interpretation of high-Q{sup 2} DESY HERA events and other related issues
Kim, J.E. |; Ko, P.
1998-01-01
In the framework of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity violation, the high-Q{sup 2} DESY HERA events can be interpreted as the s-channel production of a single top-squark of M{sub {tilde t}{sub 1}}{approx}200 GeV, whose dominant decay modes are assumed to be the R-parity violating e{sup +}+d and the R-parity conserving {chi}{sup +}+b. Assuming only one coupling {ovr {lambda}{sup {prime}}{sub 131}} is nonzero of order {approximately}0.04{minus}0.12, we find that (i) the high-Q{sup 2} HERA events can be understood as an s-channel top squark production with a subsequent decay into e{sup +}+(singlejet), and (ii) the ALEPH 4-jet events can be understood in the scenario suggested by Carena {ital et al.} We briefly discuss other physics signals of this scenario at other places such as HERA, CERN LEP200, and Fermilab Tevatron. The best test for our scenario is to observe the top squark decay into {chi}{sup +}+b followed by {chi}{sup +}{r_arrow}{tilde e}{sup +}+{nu}{sub e} and {tilde e}{sup +}{r_arrow}q+{bar q}{prime} via the R-parity violating coupling. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}
A description of the Galactic Center excess in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Achterberg, Abraham; Amoroso, Simone; Caron, Sascha; Hendriks, Luc; Ruiz de Austri, Roberto; Weniger, Christoph
2015-08-01
Observations with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) indicate an excess in gamma rays originating from the center of our Galaxy. A possible explanation for this excess is the annihilation of Dark Matter particles. We have investigated the annihilation of neutralinos as Dark Matter candidates within the phenomenological Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (pMSSM) . An iterative particle filter approach was used to search for solutions within the pMSSM . We found solutions that are consistent with astroparticle physics and collider experiments, and provide a fit to the energy spectrum of the excess. The neutralino is a Bino/Higgsino or Bino/Wino/Higgsino mixture with a mass in the range 84-92 GeV or 87-97 GeV annihilating into W bosons. A third solutions is found for a neutralino of mass 174-187 GeV annihilating into top quarks. The best solutions yield a Dark Matter relic density 0.06 < Ω h2 <0.13. These pMSSM solutions make clear forecasts for LHC, direct and indirect DM detection experiments. If the pMSSM explanation of the excess seen by Fermi-LAT is correct, a DM signal might be discovered soon.
A description of the Galactic Center excess in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
Achterberg, Abraham; Amoroso, Simone; Caron, Sascha; Hendriks, Luc; Austri, Roberto Ruiz de
2015-08-03
Observations with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) indicate an excess in gamma rays originating from the center of our Galaxy. A possible explanation for this excess is the annihilation of Dark Matter particles. We have investigated the annihilation of neutralinos as Dark Matter candidates within the phenomenological Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (pMSSM). An iterative particle filter approach was used to search for solutions within the pMSSM. We found solutions that are consistent with astroparticle physics and collider experiments, and provide a fit to the energy spectrum of the excess. The neutralino is a Bino/Higgsino or Bino/Wino/Higgsino mixture with a mass in the range 84–92 GeV or 87–97 GeV annihilating into W bosons. A third solutions is found for a neutralino of mass 174–187 GeV annihilating into top quarks. The best solutions yield a Dark Matter relic density 0.06<Ωh{sup 2}<0.13. These pMSSM solutions make clear forecasts for LHC, direct and indirect DM detection experiments. If the pMSSM explanation of the excess seen by Fermi-LAT is correct, a DM signal might be discovered soon.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Harz, J.; Herrmann, B.; Klasen, M.; Kovařík, K.; Steppeler, P.
2016-06-01
For particle physics observables at colliders such as the LHC at CERN, it has been common practice for many decades to estimate the theoretical uncertainty by studying the variations of the predicted cross sections with a priori unpredictable scales. In astroparticle physics, this has so far not been possible, since most of the observables were calculated at Born level only, so that the renormalization scheme and scale dependence could not be studied in a meaningful way. In this paper, we present the first quantitative study of the theoretical uncertainty of the neutralino dark matter relic density from scheme and scale variations. We first explain in detail how the renormalization scale enters the tree-level calculations through coupling constants, masses and mixing angles. We then demonstrate a reduction of the renormalization scale dependence through one-loop SUSY-QCD corrections in many different dark matter annihilation channels and enhanced perturbative stability of a mixed on-shell /DR ¯ renormalization scheme over a pure DR ¯ scheme in the top-quark sector. In the stop-stop annihilation channel, the Sommerfeld enhancement and its scale dependence are shown to be of particular importance. Finally, the impact of our higher-order SUSY-QCD corrections and their scale uncertainties are studied in three typical scenarios of the phenomenological minimal supersymmetric standard model with eleven parameters (pMSSM-11). We find that the theoretical uncertainty is reduced in many cases and can become comparable to the size of the experimental one in some scenarios.
New class of supersymmetric signatures in the processes gg{yields}HH', VH
Gounaris, G. J.; Layssac, J.; Renard, F. M.
2009-07-01
Within the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) and standard model (SM) frameworks, we analyze the 1loop electroweak predictions for the helicity amplitudes describing the 17 processes gg{yields}HH', and the 9 processes gg{yields}VH; where H, H{sup '} denote Higgs or Goldstone bosons, while V=Z, W{sup {+-}}. Concentrating on MSSM, we then investigate how the asymptotic helicity conservation (HCns) property of supersymmetry (SUSY) affects the amplitudes at the LHC energy range and what is the corresponding situation in the SM, where no HCns theorem exists. HCns is subsequently used to construct many relations among the cross sections of the above MSSM processes, depending only on the standard MSSM angles {alpha} and {beta} characterizing the two Higgs doublets. These relations should be asymptotically exact but as the energy decreases toward the LHC range, mass-depending deviations should start appearing. Provided the SUSY scale is not too high, these relations may remain roughly correct, even at the LHC energy range.
GUT-inspired supersymmetric model for h → γ γ and the muon g - 2
Ajaib, M. Adeel; Gogoladze, Ilia; Shafi, Qaisar
2015-05-06
We study a grand unified theories inspired supersymmetric model with nonuniversal gaugino masses that can explain the observed muon g-2 anomaly while simultaneously accommodating an enhancement or suppression in the h→γγ decay channel. In order to accommodate these observations and mh≅125 to 126 GeV, the model requires a spectrum consisting of relatively light sleptons whereas the colored sparticles are heavy. The predicted stau mass range corresponding to Rγγ≥1.1 is 100 GeV≲mτ˜≲200 GeV. The constraint on the slepton masses, particularly on the smuons, arising from considerations of muon g-2 is somewhat milder. The slepton masses in this case are predicted tomore » lie in the few hundred GeV range. The colored sparticles turn out to be considerably heavier with mg˜≳4.5 TeV and mt˜₁≳3.5 TeV, which makes it challenging for these to be observed at the 14 TeV LHC.« less
Supersymmetric moose models: An extra dimension from a broken deformed conformal field theory
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Erlich, Joshua; Anly Tan, Jong
2006-09-01
We find a class of four dimensional deformed conformal field theories which appear extra dimensional when their gauge symmetries are spontaneously broken. The theories are supersymmetric moose models which flow to interacting conformal fixed points at low energies, deformed by superpotentials. Using a-maximization we give strong nonperturbative evidence that the hopping terms in the resulting latticized action are relevant deformations of the fixed-point theories. These theories have an intricate structure of RG flows between conformal fixed points. Our results suggest that at the stable fixed points each of the bulk gauge couplings and superpotential hopping terms is turned on, in favor of the extra-dimensional interpretation of the theory. However, we argue that the higher-dimensional gauge coupling is generically small compared to the size of the extra dimension. In the presence of a brane the topology of the extra dimension is determined dynamically and depends on the numbers of colors and bulk and brane flavors, which suggests phenomenological applications. The RG flows between fixed points in these theories provide a class of tests of Cardy’s conjectured a-theorem.
Supersymmetric moose models: An extra dimension from a broken deformed conformal field theory
Erlich, Joshua; Anly Tan, Jong
2006-09-15
We find a class of four dimensional deformed conformal field theories which appear extra dimensional when their gauge symmetries are spontaneously broken. The theories are supersymmetric moose models which flow to interacting conformal fixed points at low energies, deformed by superpotentials. Using a-maximization we give strong nonperturbative evidence that the hopping terms in the resulting latticized action are relevant deformations of the fixed-point theories. These theories have an intricate structure of RG flows between conformal fixed points. Our results suggest that at the stable fixed points each of the bulk gauge couplings and superpotential hopping terms is turned on, in favor of the extra-dimensional interpretation of the theory. However, we argue that the higher-dimensional gauge coupling is generically small compared to the size of the extra dimension. In the presence of a brane the topology of the extra dimension is determined dynamically and depends on the numbers of colors and bulk and brane flavors, which suggests phenomenological applications. The RG flows between fixed points in these theories provide a class of tests of Cardy's conjectured a-theorem.
Novel symmetries in an interacting 𝒩 = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Krishna, S.; Shukla, D.; Malik, R. P.
2016-07-01
In this paper, we demonstrate the existence of a set of novel discrete symmetry transformations in the case of an interacting 𝒩 = 2 supersymmetric quantum mechanical model of a system of an electron moving on a sphere in the background of a magnetic monopole and establish its interpretation in the language of differential geometry. These discrete symmetries are, over and above, the usual three continuous symmetries of the theory which together provide the physical realizations of the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. We derive the nilpotent 𝒩 = 2 SUSY transformations by exploiting our idea of supervariable approach and provide geometrical meaning to these transformations in the language of Grassmannian translational generators on a (1, 2)-dimensional supermanifold on which our 𝒩 = 2 SUSY quantum mechanical model is generalized. We express the conserved supercharges and the invariance of the Lagrangian in terms of the supervariables (obtained after the imposition of the SUSY invariant restrictions) and provide the geometrical meaning to (i) the nilpotency property of the 𝒩 = 2 supercharges, and (ii) the SUSY invariance of the Lagrangian of our 𝒩 = 2 SUSY theory.
Towards a Natural Theory of Dark Energy: Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions
Burgess, C.P.
2004-12-10
The first part of this article summarizes the evidence for Dark Energy and Dark Matter, as well as the naturalness issues which plague current theories of Dark Energy. The main point of this part is to argue why these naturalness issues should provide the central theoretical guidance for the search for a successful theory. The second part of the article describes the present status of what I regard as being the best mechanism yet proposed for addressing this issue: Six-dimensional Supergravity with submillimetre-sized Extra Dimensions (Supersymmetric Large Extra Dimensions, or SLED for short). Besides summarizing the SLED proposal itself, this section also describes the tests which this model has passed, the main criticisms which have been raised, and the remaining challenges which remain to be checked. The bottom line is that the proposal survives the tests which have been completed to date, and predicts several distinctive experimental signatures for cosmology, tests of gravity and for accelerator-based particle physics.
Lepton flavor violation in the supersymmetric seesaw model after the LHC 8 TeV run
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Goto, Toru; Okada, Yasuhiro; Shindou, Tetsuo; Tanaka, Minoru; Watanabe, Ryoutaro
2015-02-01
We study the lepton flavor violation in the supersymmetric seesaw model, taking into account recent experimental improvements, especially for the Higgs boson mass measurement, direct searches of superpartners, and the rare decay of Bs→μ+μ- at the LHC; the neutrino mixing angle of θ13 in the neutrino experiments; and the search of μ →e γ in the MEG experiment. We obtain the latest constraints on the parameters in the supersymmetry-breaking terms and study the effect on the lepton-flavor-violating decays of τ →μ γ and μ →e γ . In particular, we consider two kinds of assumption on the structures in the Majorana mass matrix and the neutrino Yukawa matrix. In the case of the Majorana mass matrix proportional to the unit matrix, allowing nonvanishing C P -violating parameters in the neutrino Yukawa matrix, we find that the branching ratio of τ →μ γ can be larger than 10-9 within the improved experimental limit of μ →e γ . We also consider the neutrino Yukawa matrix that includes the mixing only in the second and third generations, and we find that a larger branching ratio of τ →μ γ than 10-9 is possible while satisfying the recent constraints.
Classifying BPS states in supersymmetric gauge theories coupled to higher derivative chiral models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nitta, Muneto; Sasaki, Shin
2015-06-01
We study N =1 supersymmetric gauge theories coupled with higher derivative chiral models in four dimensions in the off-shell superfield formalism. We solve the equation of motion for the auxiliary fields and find two distinct on-shell structures of the Lagrangian that we call the canonical and noncanonical branches characterized by zero and nonzero auxiliary fields, respectively. We classify Bogomol'nyi-Prasado-Sommerfield (BPS) states of the models in Minkowski and Euclidean spaces. In Minkowski space, we find Abelian and non-Abelian vortices, vortex lumps (or gauged lumps with fractional lump charges) as 1 /2 BPS states in the canonical branch, and higher derivative generalization of vortices and vortex-(BPS)baby Skyrmions (or gauged BPS baby Skyrmions with fractional baby Skyrme charges) as 1 /4 BPS states in the noncanonical branch. In four-dimensional Euclidean space, we find Yang-Mills instantons trapped inside a non-Abelian vortex, intersecting vortices, and intersecting vortex-(BPS)baby Skyrmions as 1 /4 BPS states in the canonical branch but no BPS states in the noncanonical branch other than those in the Minkowski space.
Source of Kerr-Newman solution as supersymmetric bag model: 50 years of the problem
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Burinskii, A.
The ultra extreme Kerr-Newman (KN) solution(a = J/m >> m) produces the gravitational and EM fields of the electron. It has a naked singular ring - a topological defect which may be regularized by a solitonic source forming the pseudo-vacuum bubble filled by Higgs condensate in a supersymmetric superconducting state. Structure and stability of this source is determined by Bogomolnyi equations as a BPS-saturated soliton. The Principal Null Congruences of the KN solution determine consistent embedding of the Dirac equation, which acquires the mass from the Higgs condensate inside the soliton, indicating that this soliton forms a bag model. Shape of this bag is unambiguously determined by BPS-bound. The bag turns out to be flexible and takes the form of a very thin disk, which is completed by a ring-string along its sharp boundary. The ring-string traveling waves generate extra deformations of the bag creating a circulating singular pole. Bag model of the KN source integrates the dressed and pointlike electron in a bag-string-quark system, which removes the conflict between gravity and the point-like electron of the Dirac theory.
BPS spectrum of supersymmetric CP(N-1) theory with Z{sub N} twisted masses
Bolokhov, Pavel A.; Shifman, Mikhail; Yung, Alexei
2011-10-15
We revisit the Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfeld (BPS) monopoles spectrum of the supersymmetric CP(N-1) two-dimensional model with Z{sub N}-symmetric twisted masses m{sub l} (l=0,1,...,N-1). A related issue we address is that of the curves of marginal stability (CMS) in this theory. Previous analyses were incomplete. We close the gap by exploiting a number of consistency conditions. In particular, we amend the Dorey formula for the BPS spectrum. Our analysis is based on the exact Veneziano--Yankielowicz-type superpotential and on the strong-coupling spectrum of the theory found from the mirror representation at small masses, |m{sub l}|<<{Lambda}. We show that at weak coupling the spectrum, with necessity, must include N-1 BPS towers of states, instead of just one, as was thought before. Only one of the towers is seen in the quasiclassical limit. We find the corresponding CMS for these towers, and argue that in the large-N limit they become circles, filling out a band on the plane of a single mass parameter of the model at hand. Inside the CMS, N-1 towers collapse into N stable states.
Natural origin of inflation within a class of supersymmetric preon models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cveti, Mirjam; Hübsch, Tristan; Pati, Jogesh C.; Stremnitzer, Hanns
1989-08-01
Derivation of a desired potential for implementing the idea of new inflation from an underlying theory of particle physics has so far remained a challenging task in that it requires unusually small quartic coupling (~10-13+/-1) and an even smaller mass term for the relevant field (the inflaton) in units of its true vacuum expectation value. It is shown that a class of viable locally supersymmetric preon models naturally give rise to the desired potential for a composite field ΔR commonly used as a Higgs field to break left-right symmetry and B-L, so that ΔR can serve as the inflaton. We show that both the quartic coupling and the mass of ΔR vanish in the limit of supersymmetry, U(1)X, U(1)V and gauge invariance. Radiative corrections, in the presence of soft supersymmetry-breaking mass terms, which arise dynamically in the model, give rise to a miniscule quartic coupling and a negligible mass for ΔR, just as desired. This turns out to be the case in spite of the fact that ΔR is a gauge nonsinglet.
Neutralino dark matter in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with natural light Higgs sector
Kim, S.-G.; Maekawa, N.; Nagao, K. I.; Sakurai, K.; Yoshikawa, T.
2008-10-01
We study the neutralino relic density in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with natural light Higgs sector in which all Higgs masses, the supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking parameters, and the Higgsino mass parameter {mu} are of order the weak scale. To realize this situation we adopt nonuniversal Higgs masses at the grand unified scale. We show that in some parameter space in which the SUSY breaking parameters are comparatively small, not only the constraint from the observed relic density of dark matter but also the LEP Higgs bound and the constraint from the b{yields}s{gamma} process are satisfied. In most of the parameter space, the neutralino relic density becomes smaller than the observed relic density in contrast with the results in the constrained minimal SUSY standard model (CMSSM). The reason is that the neutralino coannihilation processes to Higgs bosons open even if the gaugino mass is small and the cross sections become large due to the small dimensionful parameters. Especially the small {mu} parameter and the light CP-odd Higgs, which are difficult to be realized in the CMSSM, are essential for the result.